Timeline Afghanistan C  2008-2010

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2008        Jan 1, Across Afghanistan roadside bombs and military operations killed 19 people, including 14 Taliban fighters.
    (AP, 1/1/08)(AP, 1/2/08)

2008        Jan 3, In southwestern Afghanistan a suicide bomber attacked Indian road construction workers and their Afghan police escorts, killing seven and wounding 12.
    (AP, 1/3/08)

2008        Jan 4, In Afghanistan’s Uruzgan province a clash between NATO troops and Taliban insurgents near Tirin Kot, the provincial capital, left two civilians dead and five others wounded.
    (AP, 1/7/08)

2008        Jan 6, In Afghanistan 3 Taliban militants were killed in a battle between police and NATO troops in the Zhari district of Kandahar.
    (AP, 1/7/08)

2008        Jan 7, In southern Afghanistan a suicide bomber on a motorcycle attacked a border police patrol, killing a policeman. In neighboring Helmand province, police discovered and tried to defuse a remote-controlled roadside bomb in Nad Ali district, but it exploded, killing two policemen and two civilians. In eastern Afghanistan as roadside bomb killed two soldiers from the US-led coalition.
    (AP, 1/7/08)(AP, 1/8/08)

2008        Jan 9, Afghan authorities said that at least 34 people had been killed in days of heavy snowfall across the country. A NATO vehicle struck a mine in southern Afghanistan, killing one soldier and wounding another, while a militant attack in the east left a policeman dead.
    (AFP, 1/9/08)(AP, 1/10/08)

2008        Jan 10, Afghanistan urged Iran to stop deporting its citizens during the winter months, saying doing so could cause a humanitarian disaster.
    (AP, 1/10/08)

2008        Jan 12, In southern Afghanistan Dutch troops killed two of their own men during a nighttime battle in Uruzgan province, and separately two allied Afghan soldiers they mistook for enemies. About 1,650 Dutch troops were deployed in Uruzgan as part of the NATO mission there. 14 Dutch troops have died since their mission began last year.
    (AP, 1/13/08)

2008        Jan 13, William Wood, US ambassador to Afghanistan, flew to Musa Qala, previously held by the Taliban in the heart of the world's largest poppy-growing region, and told with Mullah Abdul Salaam, the ex-militant commander now in charge there, that Afghans must stop "producing poison." In southern Afghanistan Taliban militants killed eight officers in an attack on a police checkpoint in Kandahar province. A suicide bomber killed another policeman and wounded eight other people when he blew himself up in a housing compound in the town of Lashkar Gah in neighboring Helmand province.
    (AP, 1/13/08)(AP, 1/14/08)

2008        Jan 14, In Afghanistan militants with suicide vests, grenades and AK-47 rifles attacked Kabul's most popular luxury hotel, killing 8 people in a coordinated assault. Three hotel employees and two guards were killed during the attack along with an American citizen and a Norwegian reporter. A Filipina spa supervisor wounded in the attack died the next day.
    (AP, 1/15/08)

2008        Jan 15, Afghan authorities raided a house in Kabul where the alleged attackers on the Serena Hotel had spent the night before the attack. Police found a video showing two of the assailants, identified as Farouq and Salahuddin, saying they were ready to die. The owner of the house and his brother were arrested. Officials said heavy snow, avalanches and cold weather have killed at least 85 people in western Afghanistan in recent days.
    (AP, 1/15/08)

2008        Jan 18, In eastern Afghanistan more than 20 Taliban rebels were killed and over a dozen wounded in a joint operation between Afghan and Western forces.
    (AFP, 1/19/08)

2008        Jan 19, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb, probably intended for Afghan or NATO forces, killed five civilians in a taxi in the Panjwayi district of Kandahar province. Militants attacked a convoy of trucks carrying gravel to a NATO base in Helmand, killing four drivers and two security guards.
    (AP, 1/20/08)(AP, 1/21/08)

2008        Jan 20, In southern Afghanistan an explosion struck a NATO patrol vehicle outside a former Taliban town, killing one British soldier and wounding five others.
    (AP, 1/21/08)

2008        Jan 21, Afghan President Hamid Karzai told the parliament on its opening day that around 300,000 children cannot attend school because of violence in the southern provinces.
    (AP, 1/21/08)

2008        Jan 22, In Afghanistan Sayed Parwez Kaambakhsh (23) was sentenced to death by a three-judge panel in the northern city of Mazar-i-Sharif for distributing a report he printed off the Internet to fellow journalism students at Balkh University. The judges said the article humiliated Islam, and members of a clerics council had pushed for Kaambakhsh to be punished. A media group said he is actually being punished for reporting by his brother about abuses by northern warlords. On appeal the death sentence was reduced to 20 years. In 2009 Kaambakhsh was freed and left the country following a pardon signed by President Hamid Karzai.
    (AP, 1/23/08)(Reuters, 9/7/09)

2008        Jan 23, In Afghanistan a Canadian soldier was killed and two others were injured when a military convoy struck an improvised mine near the southern city of Kandahar.
    (Reuters, 1/24/08)

2008        Jan 24, In central Afghanistan 9 Afghan policemen were killed during an anti-Taliban operation by US-led coalition troops in Ghazni. Afghan police said the police appeared to have been killed by the US airstrikes, which also destroyed several houses.
    (AP, 1/24/08)
2008        Jan 24, In Davos, Switzerland, fears of world recession briefly took a back seat at the World Economic Forum, where leaders from Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iraq focused on how to establish security in their volatile regions. Afghan Pres. Karzai stressed how extremists used economic exploitation to recruit bombers.
    (AP, 1/24/08)(AFP, 1/24/08)

2008        Jan 25, In Afghanistan US-led coalition and Afghan troops clashed with insurgents while searching a compound near the Pakistani frontier, leaving one coalition soldier dead.
    (AP, 1/25/08)

2008        Jan 26, In Afghanistan gunmen kidnapped Cyd Mizell (49), a burqa-clad American aid worker, and her driver, Abdul Hadi, while they were driving through a residential section of Kandahar. She worked for the aid agency Asian Rural Life Development Foundation.
    (AP, 1/26/08)(AP, 1/27/08)

2008        Jan 28, Afghanistan’s Health Ministry said as many as 300 Afghans had died over the past 10 days from bitter cold and heavy snows.
    (SFC, 1/29/08, p.A4)

2008        Jan 29, In southern Afghanistan roadside bombings killed three civilians.
    (AP, 1/30/08)

2008        Jan 30, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber in a vehicle tried to attack a NATO convoy in Kandahar province's Zhari district, but instead hit a private car wounding 4 civilians.
    (AP, 1/30/08)

2008        Jan 31, In southern Afghanistan a suicide bomber blew himself up inside a mosque, killing Helmand province's deputy governor and five other people. A car bomb exploded next to an Afghan army bus in Kabul, wounding four civilians and a solider.
    (AP, 1/31/08)

2008        Feb 4, Afghan and foreign troops conducted two raids on the homes of suspected Taliban militants, leaving 10 people dead, including women and children. A separate clash in southern Uruzgan province left nine suspected militants dead.
    (AP, 2/4/08)

2008        Feb 5, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb hit a US-led coalition vehicle in Helmand province, killing one soldier and wounding two others.
    (AP, 2/6/08)

2008        Feb 7, In Afghanistan a suicide car bomb targeting a NATO convoy left three soldiers lightly wounded in eastern Khost province. A bungled suicide attack hurt two civilians in southwestern Nimroz province.
    (AP, 2/8/08)
2008        Feb 7, NATO defense ministers held talks on Afghanistan in Lithuania. France agreed to help Canada in fighting the Taliban in southern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 2/8/08)

2008        Feb 8, A suicide car bomber blew himself up near a convoy of Afghan troops, killing one soldier and a child who was nearby. Another four soldiers and a child were also wounded in the attack in central Ghazni province.
    (AP, 2/8/08)
2008        Feb 8, Canada said it planned to keep its 2,500-strong military mission in Afghanistan until some time in 2011, two years longer than initially scheduled.
    (AP, 2/8/08)

2008        Feb 10, Norway closed its embassy in the Afghan capital because of terror threats.
    (AP, 2/11/08)

2008        Feb 12, In Afghanistan’s Khost province a roadside bomb killed 4 Afghan guards working for the US military.
    (AP, 2/13/08)

2008        Feb 13, In Afghanistan an Italian soldier was killed in an ambush while he was distributing food and clothes to civilians. A roadside bomb struck Afghan security forces killing 3 people and wounding four in the Musa Qala district. In western Afghanistan Taliban militants freed the last six hostages from a group of 21 men abducted Feb 10, while they hunted for rare birds in Farah province. US-led coalition swoops on Taliban leaders in Uruzgan and Zabul provinces left several insurgents dead. 2 civilians transporting construction materials were blown up by a rebel bomb.
    (AP, 2/13/08)(AFP, 2/14/08)

2008        Feb 15, In Afghanistan bitter cold, snowstorms and avalanches were reported to have killed 926 people, half of them in the hard hit west, as the country suffered one of the most brutal winters in decades.
    (AP, 2/15/08)

2008        Feb 17, In Afghanistan a suicide bombing at an outdoor dog fighting competition in Kandahar killed over 100 people and wounded scores more, in what appeared to be the deadliest terror attack there since the fall of the Taliban in 2001. The attack apparently targeted Abdul Hakim Jan, a militia commander, who had stood up against the Taliban and died in the attack.
    (AP, 2/17/08)(AP, 2/18/08)

2008        Feb 18, In Afghanistan a suicide car bomber targeting a Canadian military convoy killed 37 civilians at a busy market in Spin Boldak in southern Kandahar province. Afghan and NATO-led troops killed two regional Taliban commanders in southern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 2/18/08)(AP, 2/21/08)

2008        Feb 19, In southern Afghanistan a car bomb exploded near a police compound, killing at least one person and wounding four.
    (AP, 2/19/08)

2008        Feb 20, In Afghanistan an explosion in Helmand province claimed the life of a British soldier. 30 Taliban militants were killed in a joint Afghan and foreign special forces operation backed by air support in southern Helmand province.
    (AP, 2/21/08)(AFP, 2/21/08)

2008        Feb 21, In Afghanistan NATO troops found 1.65 tons of opium, which ISAF said was worth $400 million, and a "significant quantity" of drug-making equipment. The $400 million figure appeared to be the opium's estimated street value once it was trafficked outside Afghanistan.
    (AP, 2/27/08)

2008        Feb 23, In eastern Afghanistan 7 Afghan security guards died when their car hit a roadside bomb in the Sarkano district of Kunar province. A gunman killed a district police chief in the region.
    (AP, 2/23/08)

2008        Feb 24, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb tore through a convoy carrying Kandahar governor Asadullah Khalid, missing the official but killing three policemen.
    (AFP, 2/24/08)

2008        Feb 26, In Afghanistan a rocket attack on an Afghan National Army patrol killed two soldiers and wounded six others in southern Kandahar province. A roadside bomb killed two Polish soldiers patrolling in eastern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 2/27/08)

2008        Feb 27, US National Intelligence Director Michael McConnell said told a Senate committee in Washington that Afghan President Hamid Karzai's government controls just 30% of the country. The resurgent Taliban controls 10-11% of the country, while local tribes control the rest. The Afghan Defense Ministry soon replied saying: "All Afghan people know that in the 34 provinces of Afghanistan and in more than 360 districts ... the government has control." A remote-controlled bomb hit a civilian vehicle in eastern Khost province, killing the driver and wounding six people. A militant ambush of an opium poppy eradication force in Helmand province sparked clashes that left 25 Taliban fighters and a policeman dead.
    (AP, 2/27/08)(AP, 2/28/08)

2008        Feb 28, In Afghan four militants died and another was wounded when the roadside bomb they were planting on a main road in Helmand exploded prematurely.
    (AP, 2/28/08)

2008        Feb 29, In southern Afghanistan Taliban militants blew up a telecommunications tower following a warning to phone companies to shut down the towers at night or face attack.
    (AP, 2/29/08)
2008        Feb 29, The British military decided to pull Prince Harry out of Afghanistan "immediately" after news of his deployment leaked out in foreign media.
    (AP, 2/29/08)

2008        Mar 1, In eastern Afghanistan a roadside bomb struck a tractor, killing three people, including a woman and a child, and wounding seven others.
    (AP, 3/1/08)

2008        Mar 2, In Afghanistan several insurgents were killed when they fired on coalition forces," who detained four men with suspected links to the militants in Helmand province. Afghan and foreign troops clashed with militants in Helmand's Sangin district, resulting in 20 casualties. A Canadian soldier was killed by a roadside bomb west of Kandahar city.
    (AP, 3/3/08)

2008        Mar 3, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide car bomber attacked a government building protected by NATO and Afghan troops. 2 NATO troops and two civilians died in the blast.
    (AP, 3/3/08)(AP, 3/4/08)

2008        Mar 4, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide car bomb exploded near a government compound, killing a policeman. The bombing, claimed by the extremist Taliban, was the fifth in a week in the eastern province of Khost. In southwestern Nimroz province Taliban militants attacked a police checkpoint, and the ensuing two-hour gunbattle left three policemen dead. Near Hyderabad, Afghanistan, an Afghan man was killed. Master Sgt. Joseph D. Newel faced allegations in the case that included premeditated murder; wrongfully mutilating a dead body; larceny; and violation of a lawful order. In 2009 Newell was acquitted of premeditated murder and mutilation.
    (AFP, 3/4/08)(AP, 3/5/08)(http://shadowspear.com/vb/showthread.php?t=13756)(SFC, 2/26/09, p.A4)

2008        Mar 9, Thousands of Afghan students in Jalalabad chanted slogans and burned Danish and Dutch flags in the latest in a series of protests over perceived insults against Islam. 4 militants were killed in clashes with Afghan and foreign troops in the Korengal Valley in the eastern province of Kunar.
    (AP, 3/9/08)(AP, 3/11/08)

2008        Mar 10, In Afghanistan 10 militants and two officers were killed when police clashed with Taliban fighters in the southern Uruzgan province. In southern Afghanistan two women and two children were caught in the line of fire and killed during a clash between NATO troops and insurgents.
    (AP, 3/11/08)(AP, 3/12/08)

2008        Mar 11, In western Afghanistan police backed by NATO-led troops killed four suspected criminals after a spate of kidnappings and robberies. The ministry said an Afghan soldier was killed in Kapisa province, just north of Kabul. Taliban militants attacked a district administrative compound in southern Zabul province, and the ensuing one-hour gunbattle left one Taliban dead and three wounded. 5 militants set fire to the generator, fuel tank and antenna of the tower in the Obe district of Herat province. The tower belonged to the Areeba company. Afghan and US-led coalition forces killed nearly a dozen suspected militants in Helmand during a clash in Garmsir district.
    (AP, 3/11/08)(AP, 3/12/08)(AP, 3/13/08)

2008        Mar 12, Afghan and international forces attacked Taliban militants as they traveled by motorcycle toward the Pakistan border. The troops employed airstrikes during a four-hour battle and killed 41 militants, including 17 from Nimroz. In southern Afghanistan a suicide car bomber attacked a convoy of Canadian troops, killing a passing civilian and wounding one soldier. In Zabul province, Afghan security forces and NATO troops launched an operation against Chechen fighters meeting in Daychopan district. The ensuing two-hour gun battle left three Chechens dead and six wounded. in Farah province, authorities recovered the dead body of the Pusht Rod district police chief, a day after he was kidnapped along with five other policemen.
    (AP, 3/12/08)(AP, 3/13/08)
2008        Mar 12, US-led forces in Afghanistan fired a missile into Pakistan that killed 4 women and 2 boys. Pakistan lodged a protest the next day with coalition forces in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 3/13/08)(SFC, 3/14/08, p.A17)

2008        Mar 13, In Afghanistan a remote-controlled bomb hit a police vehicle in Saydabad district of Wardak province, killing one policeman and wounding four others. A suicide bomber in Kabul targeting US troops killed 6 Afghan civilians.
    (AP, 3/13/08)(SFC, 3/14/08, p.A17)
2008        Mar 13, Canada’s Parliament voted to extend its mission in Afghanistan to 2011, provided NATO supplies more troops and equipment to back up its forces in the volatile south.
    (AP, 3/14/08)

2008        Mar 14, Afghan and foreign troops clashed with Taliban insurgents in southern Afghanistan, leaving three suspected militants dead and two wounded. The US-led coalition killed "several" militants in an operation in eastern Khost province.
    (AP, 3/14/08)(AFP, 3/16/08)

2008        Mar 15, In Afghanistan a suicide car bomb attack near a convoy of international troops killed a 13-year-old Afghan child and wounded a soldier in Khost province. 3 militants were killed in the former Taliban stronghold of Musa Qala in Helmand province.
    (AP, 3/15/08)(AFP, 3/16/08)

2008        Mar 16, In Afghanistan’s eastern Nangarhar province four militants were killed in an exchange of fire after attacking a police post near the border with Pakistan. A Canadian soldier died in an explosion while on foot patrol in Kandahar province.
    (AFP, 3/16/08)(AP, 3/17/08)

2008        Mar 17, in Afghanistan 4 NATO soldiers, 2 Danes, a Canadian and a Czech with the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF), were killed in new attacks, including a Taliban suicide bomb that also took the lives of three Afghan civilians.
    (AP, 3/17/08)

2008        Mar 19, US forces searching for bomb makers raided Afghan homes near the border with Pakistan, exchanging gunfire with militants. Six people were killed, including two children and a woman.
    (AP, 3/19/08)

2008        Mar 20, In southern Afghanistan security forces said an exchange of fire between British soldiers and police left a policeman dead and two men wounded from each side. A soldier with the NATO-led force died after being struck by a bomb.
    (AFP, 3/20/08)(AP, 3/21/08)

2008        Mar 21, In southern Afghanistan a suicide attacker blew himself up near a busy shrine in Kandahar, killing two policemen. International forces helping the Afghan government lost three soldiers in two separate bombings in the south.
    (AP, 3/21/08)(AP, 3/23/08)

2008        Mar 22, Afghan and international forces killed over 40 Taliban militants in an air and ground strike in Uruzgan province. 2 coalition soldiers were killed by a roadside bomb in Kandahar province.
    (AP, 3/23/08)(SFC, 3/24/08, p.A12)

2008        Mar 23, In Afghanistan 5 members of an Afghan mine-clearing team were killed.
    (SFC, 3/25/08, p.A3)
2008        Mar 23, In Pakistan 25 trucks carrying fuel to US-led forces in Afghanistan were destroyed in a possible bomb attack near the Torkham customs post. At least 50 people were injured.
    (SFC, 3/24/08, p.A12)

2008        Mar 24, In Afghanistan gunmen fatally shot 2 Afghan members of a mine-clearing team. Afghan and allied forces killed 12 Taliban fighters.
    (SFC, 3/25/08, p.A3)(WSJ, 3/25/08, p.A1)

2008        Mar 25, In Afghanistan gunmen have attacked a group of police along the border with Iran, killing four police and two civilians.
    (AP, 3/25/08)

2008        Mar 26, In southern Afghanistan 8 civilians were killed when a bomb-filled car exploded near a crowded bazaar in Helmand province, in an attack claimed by the Taliban. A police officer was killed in a roadside bombing in Helmand. Insurgents attacked a NATO patrol, killing one soldier and wounding another. Militants fired a rocket at opium poppy eradication police, killing two policemen and wounding another. US-led coalition forces killed several Taliban militants after coming under attack in Helmand province.
    (AP, 3/26/08)(AP, 3/27/08)(AP, 3/28/08)

2008        Mar 29, Afghan, US and Pakistani officers opened the first of six joint military intelligence centers along the Afghan-Pakistan border, an effort to cut down on militants' movement in a region of rising terrorist activity.
    (AP, 3/29/08)

2008        Mar 31, A clash in southern Afghanistan killed a Danish soldier and wounded two others. A separate attack on a NATO patrol killed two British troops. an airstrike killed three men irrigating land close to a road in Kandahar province. The men may have been mistaken for militants planting roadside bombs. In Helmand province police arrested Mullah Naqibullah, a senior Taliban commander who has escaped twice from Afghan prisons. Naqibullah was nabbed during a clash that left three insurgents dead.
    (AP, 3/31/08)(AP, 4/1/08)

2008        Apr 1, In southwestern Afghanistan a suicide bomber hit a police compound, killing two officers and wounding five others in Nimroz province. A mine struck a civilian vehicle in southwestern Nimroz province, killing the driver and wounding two civilians.
    (AP, 4/1/08)

2008        Apr 2, France pledged to send up to 1,000 troops to Afghanistan in a move that will avert a Canadian threat to pull its contingent out of NATO's war in the violent south.
    (Reuters, 4/2/08)

2008        Apr 3, In eastern Kunar province, a truck supplying fuel to NATO troops hit a roadside bomb that killed the Afghan driver.
    (AP, 4/4/08)

2008        Apr 4, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed a Canadian soldier, while a suicide attack in the same region left three policemen and a civilian dead.
    (AP, 4/5/08)

2008        Apr 5, Afghan and NATO forces killed 15 Taliban insurgents in separate raids in southern Afghanistan, where police also captured Abdul Jabar, a senior Taliban commander.
    (AFP, 4/6/08)

2008        Apr 6, US and Afghan forces attacked a remote village in a mountainous region of northeastern Afghanistan following reports that an infamous insurgent leader was in the area. At least 16 people were killed.
    (AP, 4/7/08)

2008        Apr 7, In southern Afghanistan, militants attacked a police convoy in Uruzgan province, and the ensuing clash left 13 insurgents dead and five wounded. In the western province of Herat, Taliban militants attacked a checkpoint in Shindand district, killing two police officers and wounding another.
    (AP, 4/8/08)

2008        Apr 8, In southern Afghanistan militants killed 17 road workers, part of a spike in violence that has left 40 people dead in two days. 16 other construction workers were wounded in the attack in Zabul's Shinkay district. A Polish soldier died and one was wounded when a NATO patrol hit a roadside bomb in Ghazni province. Taliban militants ambushed a police patrol. An ensuing battle left four militants and a police officer dead in Zabul province.
    (AP, 4/8/08)(AP, 4/9/08)

2008        Apr 9, In Afghanistan international forces' warplanes dropped bombs on a group of Taliban militants traveling by motorcycle overnight, killing 3 insurgents in Zabul province.
    (AFP, 4/9/08)

2008        Apr 10, In Kandahar city, Afghanistan, a suicide car bomber targeting a US-led coalition convoy killed 8 civilians and wounded 25 other people, including three coalition soldiers.
    (AP, 4/10/08)

2008        Apr 11, Afghan and foreign troops clashed with and called airstrikes on militants in southern Afghanistan, leaving 24 dead and eight wounded.
    (AP, 4/12/08)
2008        Apr 11, Foreign Minister Bernard Kouchner said France will boost its contribution to NATO forces fighting al Qaeda and the Taliban in Afghanistan to some 3,000 troops, around double the present level.
    (AP, 4/11/08)

2008        Apr 12, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber attacked an Indian road construction crew in the southwestern Nimroz province, killing two people, including an Indian engineer. Eight other people, including five Indian workers and two civilians, were wounded in the blast. Militants killed four eradication police in Kandahar’s Maiwand district.
    (AP, 4/12/08)(AP, 4/13/08)

2008        Apr 13, In southern Afghanistan Taliban militants attacked a group of police officers sleeping on the mud floor of an isolated roadside checkpoint, killing 11. The two soldiers from Afghanistan's 47,000-strong NATO-led force were killed and two wounded in an explosion in the south.
    (AP, 4/14/08)(Reuters, 4/14/08)

2008        Apr 16, In southern Afghanistan 2 NATO soldiers were killed and two others were wounded in an explosion.
    (AP, 4/16/08)

2008        Apr 17, Afghan and foreign troops battled militants who ambushed their patrol in central Ghazni province, leaving nine Taliban fighters dead. A suicide attack in front of a mosque in Nimroz province killed 16 people and wounded over 30.
    (AP, 4/17/08)(SFC, 4/18/08, p.A15)

2008        Apr 18, In Afghanistan the son of the Netherlands' top military officer was killed by a roadside bomb, the day after his father assumed command of the Dutch armed forces.
    (AP, 4/18/08)

2008        Apr 19, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb hit a civilian vehicle, killing three people and wounding another. An Afghan policeman and two Taliban fighters were killed in a firefight in Panjwayi, Kandahar province. Afghan police clashed with Iranian forces at the southwestern border with Iran, leaving one civilian dead and two Iranian officers wounded.
    (AP, 4/19/08)(AFP, 4/20/08)(AP, 4/20/08)

2008        Apr 20, In eastern Afghanistan a child was killed in a militant rocket attack on an army base in Kunar province. 4 Taliban were killed in a gun battle with Afghan security forces in Kandahar province.
    (AP, 4/20/08)

2008        Apr 23, In southern Afghanistan a spate of suicide bombings and other attacks on security forces left 13 people dead and 24 others wounded.
    (AP, 4/23/08)
2008        Apr 23, Officials and a rebel spokesman said Pakistan's new government has drafted a peace agreement with Taliban militants in its troubled tribal belt bordering Afghanistan.
    (AP, 4/23/08)

2008        Apr 25, Some 50 Taliban attacked Afghan police at Charbaran in Paktika province. The police called in American help and American helicopters broke the attack. Several insurgents were later tracked by drones and killed.
    (Econ, 5/24/08, p.37)

2008        Apr 27, Suspected Taliban militants attacked the Mujahideen Day parade attended by the Afghan president, unleashing automatic weapons fire that sent foreign dignitaries and senior members of the government fleeing for cover. 3 people, including a lawmaker, were killed and 8 were wounded. Pres. Karzai later appeared on television saying several suspects in the attack had been arrested. The Afghan government later accused the Pakistani intelligence service of organizing the plot to assassinate Pres. Karzai. Taliban militants attacked an Australian patrol with automatic rifles and rocket propelled grenades in southern Afghanistan, and the ensuing battle left one of the commandos dead and four others wounded.
    (AP, 4/27/08)(Econ, 5/3/08, p.50)(SFC, 6/26/08, p.A10)

2008        Apr 29, In Afghanistan a suicide bomb tore through a team preparing to eradicate opium poppy fields, killing at least 19 people and injuring over 40 others in eastern Nangarhar province. 12 police officers were among the dead.
    (AFP, 4/29/08)(SFC, 4/30/08, p.A2)

2008        Apr 30, Afghan security forces raided a Kabul hide-out where militants with suspected links to the attack on President Hamid Karzai were holed up. Seven people died in the pre-dawn raid, including a child.
    (AP, 4/30/08)

2008        May 1, In Afghanistan 2 roadside bombs killed a NATO soldier and 8 civilians.
    (WSJ, 5/2/08, p.A1)

2008        May 4, In Afghanistan an accidental explosion left 2 people dead and 13 wounded at a refuse dump in Kabul’s northern outskirts.
    (AP, 5/5/08)

2008        May 5, In Afghanistan 2 accidental explosions in Kabul left 7 people dead and more than 20 wounded, including some counternarcotics police. In Nangarhar province US-led coalition troops killed several militants during a raid. A roadside bomb in the south wounded 5 people, including 3 policemen.
    (AP, 5/5/08)(AP, 5/6/08)

2008        May 6, In Afghanistan a Canadian soldier was killed and another was wounded in a gun battle with insurgents near Kandahar city.
    (AFP, 5/7/08)

2008        May 7, In eastern Afghanistan 3 people including a child were killed in blasts.
    (AFP, 5/7/08)

2008        May 8, In southern Afghanistan US-led coalition killed several militants.
    (AP, 5/9/08)

2008        May 9, In eastern Afghanistan the US-led coalition killed several militants during an operation in Nangarhar province. Villagers claimed that 3 civilians were among those killed.
    (AP, 5/10/08)

2008        May 11, Rights groups and local lawmakers about 300 Taliban suspects have been on a hunger strike in Afghanistan's southern Kandahar prison for a week demanding fair trials.
    (AFP, 5/11/08)

2008        May 13, International and Afghan troops forged ahead with an offensive against the Taliban near the Pakistan border. Helmand governor Gulab Mangal insisted 150 rebels had been killed in Garmser in the past week.
    (AFP, 5/13/08)

2008        May 15, In western Afghanistan a suicide bomber wearing a burqa attacked a police patrol at a crowded market, killing at least 12 people and wounding 27 others. Taliban militants attacked the compound of the Shinkay district chief in Zabul province. The ensuing hour-long gun battle left 5 Taliban dead and 6 wounded.
    (AP, 5/15/08)(AP, 5/16/08)

2008        May 16, A bomb hit a group of Afghan soldiers during a foot patrol in southern Kandahar province. One soldier was killed and three were wounded. In eastern Khost province, joint Afghan and foreign forces attacked insurgents as they were planting roadside bombs before dawn. A brief gun battle left two militants dead. Another wounded insurgent later died at a military hospital. US-led coalition and Afghan troops called in airstrikes during the raid on a compound suspected of housing militants involved in bomb making activities. Afghan and foreign troops in western Farah province bombed a Taliban hideout where two hostages were being held, leaving eight militants dead.
    (AP, 5/16/08)(AP, 5/17/08)

2008        May 17, In Afghanistan a roadside blast hit a vehicle in the eastern Paktia province, left three civilians dead. A bomb placed on a bicycle exploded as a police vehicle passed by outside Kandahar. The blast killed a 10-year old boy and wounded another civilian. 15 Taliban rebels were killed in an operation by the Afghan military in southwestern Badgis province.
    (AP, 5/17/08)(AFP, 5/18/08)

2008        May 18, Sayed Parwez Kambakhsh (24), an Afghan journalism student sentenced to death for insulting Islam, denied the charges before an appeals court, saying he only confessed to questioning the religion's treatment of women because he was tortured. In 2008 an appeal court overturned the death sentence, but upheld his conviction of blasphemy and sentenced him to 20 years in jail. A police officer was killed and two others injured when their patrolling convoy came under fire from rebels in the southwestern province of Farah. A soldier with a US-led military coalition and an Afghan "non-combatant" were killed when a bomb blew up their vehicle in southern Afghanistan. A suicide bombing in Helmand province killed four people.
    (AP, 5/18/08)(AFP, 5/18/08)(AFP, 5/19/08)(AP, 5/20/08)(AFP, 10/21/08)

2008        May 19, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide attacker blew himself up near Afghan troops in a bazaar near the Pakistani border, wounding four soldiers and a civilian translator. 8 Taliban were killed in a military raid elsewhere. The decapitated body of a policeman was found in the southwestern province of Farah, a day after he had been captured by Taliban fighters. In eastern Afghanistan militants fired mortars at an aid agency's water tanker, killed the driver and stole his tanker. In southwestern Nimroz province, a mine blew up a truck transporting sheep and killed five men and several of the animals. In Wardak, near Kabul, a mine apparently intended for police exploded under a civilian car and killed two people. Two soldiers with NATO's International Security Assistance Force were killed in separate insurgency-related incidents in southern Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 5/19/08)(AFP, 5/20/08)

2008        May 20, In Afghanistan airstrikes and a 3-hour gun battle in Zabul province killed an Afghan army soldier and 14 insurgents. 6 of the dead insurgents appeared to be Arabs.
    (AP, 5/21/08)(WSJ, 5/22/08, p.A9)

2008        May 21, In Afghanistan 2 NATO soldiers and a civilian interpreter were killed when an explosion hit them during a patrol in eastern Ghazni province. In eastern Kunar province a rocket hit a schoolyard in Asmor district, killing one student and wounding four others. The victims were between eight and 14 years old.
    (AP, 5/21/08)(WSJ, 5/22/08, p.A9)(AP, 5/23/08)

2008        May 22, In western Afghanistan gunfire broke out in Ghor province at a protest against a US sniper in Iraq who used a Quran for target practice. Two civilians were slain and seven others were wounded. A NATO soldier from Lithuania was killed, the first of the Baltic country's troops to die while serving there.
    (AP, 5/22/08)(AFP, 5/22/08)

2008        May 23, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide bomber blew himself up as an Afghan army convoy slowed to pass a pothole-riddled section of road, killing four soldiers and a child. In southern Afghanistan several insurgents were killed and six others detained during a US-led coalition operation.
    (AP, 5/23/08)(AP, 5/24/08)
2008        May 23, Japan allocated $54 million in emergency grants to the UN to help Afghanistan, Africa and Palestinian refugees cope with the ongoing food crisis.
    (AP, 5/23/08)

2008        May 24, Top Pakistani Taliban warlord Baitullah Mehsud said jihad, or holy war, would continue in Afghanistan, despite peace negotiations between the militants and Islamabad. Separate roadside bomb attacks in Pakistan's volatile northwest killed three people, including a local police chief.
    (AFP, 5/24/08)

2008        May 25, In Kandahar, Afghanistan, a suicide bomber hit a Canadian military convoy, killing one boy. A US-led coalition soldier was killed in an operation in western Farah province.
    (AP, 5/25/08)

2008        May 27, In Afghanistan 12 people including three policemen were killed in two bomb attacks in Farah and Logar provinces. Officials blamed Taliban extremists. In Helmand province the US-led coalition killed several militants during a hunt in Garmser district for a Taliban leader involved with weapons smuggling operations in the area. Several other rebels were killed in similar operations in eastern Paktia province, bordering Logar. Altogether the day’s violence left 24 people dead including 13 police officers.
    (AFP, 5/27/08)(WSJ, 5/27/08, p.A10)

2008        May 28, In Afghanistan a passenger truck ran off the road in a remote mountainous region of Badakhshan province, killing 15 people and wounding 56. Three suicide bomb attacks around the country killed one person.
    (AP, 5/28/08)

2008        May 29, In Afghanistan a suicide car bomber hit a convoy of international soldiers in Kabul, killing three Afghans caught in the blast. A joint operation by Afghan and NATO forces in Farah killed 30 Taliban fighters. One policeman and two Afghan soldiers were also killed.
    (AP, 5/29/08)

2008        May 30, Afghan forces recaptured Bakwa, a remote district in the southwestern province of Farah, which was captured eight months ago. Authorities said they have killed more than 100 Taliban-linked militants in the operation.
    (AFP, 5/31/08)

2008        May 31, In Afghanistan 2 NATO-led soldiers and as many Afghan civilians were wounded in a suicide car bombing in the eastern city of Jalalabad. The Taliban claimed responsibility for that attack. 2 NATO soldiers were killed in the attack.
    (AFP, 5/31/08)(AP, 6/1/08)

2008        Jun 1, In Afghanistan a remote-controlled bomb detonated as a bus carrying Afghan soldiers passed by in Kabul, killing one civilian and wounding five people. In southern Zabul province overnight, suspected Taliban militants gunned down a district governor and his body guard. Some 150 militants attacked a police checkpoint, triggering a daylong battle in Murghab district, near the border with Turkmenistan. At least 10 militants were killed. Ashraf Nasery, the governor of Badghis province, said 49 militants were killed and 35 wounded.
    (AP, 6/1/08)(AFP, 6/1/08)(AP, 6/2/08)

2008        Jun 2, In Afghanistan Taliban attacked a district in Helmand province, killing a policeman. In the battle that followed, eight Taliban were killed.
    (AP, 6/3/08)

2008        Jun 3, In Afghanistan US General David McKiernan took over the 52,000-strong International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) at a ceremony in Kabul attended by President Hamid Karzai and a host of dignitaries. 2 Afghan security guards were killed when militants ambushed their convoy in the southern province of Zabul. In eastern Khost province unknown gunmen shot dead a district intelligence chief. A suicide car bomber targeting Canadian troops in Kandahar province killed one Afghan child. A Canadian officer was killed in Kandahar province when his foot patrol came under enemy fire. In southern Afghanistan US-led coalition forces killed more than a dozen insurgents.
    (AFP, 6/3/08)(Reuters, 6/4/08)(AP, 6/4/08)

2008        Jun 4, In Afghanistan 2 suicide bombs killed 2 people and wounded several others near the Pakistan border.
    (SFC, 6/5/08, p.A3)

2008        Jun 5, A provincial spokesman said NATO forces bombed a location in Paktika province and killed all 32 Taliban who had gathered there. Afghan police killed three Taliban militants in Jani Khail district of the same province and two other militants were wounded. A roadside bomb struck a civilian vehicle in Waza Khwa district of Paktika, killing a man, his wife and son (12).
    (AFP, 6/6/08)

2008         Jun 7, In Afghanistan a Canadian soldier died after tumbling down a well while on night patrol. Capt. Jonathan Sutherland Snyder (26) was the 85th Canadian soldier, the third in a month, to die in Afghanistan since 2002.
    (http://tinyurl.com/6bu2q9)(Reuters, 6/8/08)

2008        Jun 8, In Afghanistan the body of Abdul Samad Rohani (25), an Afghan reporter for the BBC, was found in Helmand province. 3 British paratroopers were killed in Helmand province in a suicide bomb attack, bringing total British military deaths in Afghanistan since 2001 to 100.
    (AFP, 6/8/08)(AP, 6/9/08)

2008        Jun 9, Afghan officials uncovered 236 tons of marijuana in a massive drug bust in southern Kandahar province. The drugs, estimated to be worth more than $400 million, were burned on site.
    (AP, 6/11/08)

2008        Jun 10, US-led coalition forces along the volatile Afghan border launched an airstrike that killed 11 Pakistani paramilitary troops. Pakistan’s military condemned it as an act of aggression within its border that "hit at the very basis of cooperation" in the war on terrorism. The incident followed a reported clash between Afghan forces and Taliban militants in the same area. The Taliban said eight of its fighters died in the skirmish.
    (AP, 6/11/08)

2008        Jun 11, Afghan officials said 31 people died in airstrikes in eastern Paktika province.
    (AP, 6/11/08)

2008        Jun 12, Afghanistan's Pres. Hamid Karzai appealed to world donors in Paris for massive, long-term aid for police, road-building and agriculture to help make his country safer and his countrymen less hungry. Donors ranging from the US the World Bank pledged more than $21 billion for Afghanistan. 2 British troops were killed by enemy fire while patrolling the area around their base in the Upper Gereshk Valley.
    (AP, 6/12/08)(AP, 6/13/08)(AP, 6/13/08)

2008        Jun 13, In southern Afghanistan a suicide bomber hit a NATO military convoy, causing casualties. A Romanian soldier was killed and three others injured in Qalat, the capital of southern Zabul province. In south-central Uruzgan province, Afghan and NATO-led forces killed 17 Taliban. In eastern Paktia province, an operation by US-led coalition forces resulted in the deaths of a woman and a number of militants. In Ghazni province a coalition air strike killed seven Taliban militants. 30 insurgents on motorbikes and two suicide bombers attacked Sarposa Prison. About 870 prisoners escaped during the bomb and rocket attack on that knocked down the front gate and demolished a prison floor. 390 Taliban prisoners were among those who fled the prison during the attack.
    (AFP, 6/13/08)(AP, 6/14/08)

2008        Jun 14, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed four US troops. Afghan and US-led coalition forces killed more than 15 insurgents during a hunt for inmates who fled prison after a sophisticated Taliban attack that set hundreds free, while Afghan forces recaptured 20 prisoners. Fifteen militants were killed in the Sangin area of Helmand province after a group of men in a treeline fired on Afghan and coalition troops.
    (AP, 6/14/08)(AP, 6/15/08)(AP, 6/16/08)

2008        Jun 15, Afghan President Hamid Karzai threatened to send Afghan troops across the border to fight militants in Pakistan, a forceful warning to insurgents and the Pakistani government that his country is fed up with cross-border attacks. Afghan and US-led coalition forces killed 20 militants in Zabul province.
    (AP, 6/15/08)(AP, 6/16/08)

2008        Jun 16, In southern Afghanistan some 500 Taliban fighters took over several villages just outside Arghandab, and NATO and Afghan forces were redeploying to meet the threat.
    (AP, 6/16/08)
2008        Jun 16, US President George W. Bush won Europe's backing for tighter sanctions on Iran over its nuclear program and secured a British pledge to send more troops to Afghanistan.
    (AP, 6/16/08)

2008        Jun 17, Residents and officials said Taliban militants destroyed bridges and planted mines in several villages they control outside southern Afghanistan's largest city in apparent preparation for battle, as some 4,000 people or more fled the Arghandab district 10 miles northwest of Kandahar city. An explosion elsewhere killed 4 British soldiers in Helmand province.
    (AP, 6/17/08)(AP, 6/18/08)

2008        Jun 18, Afghan and Canadian forces moved into villages outside Kandahar to root out Taliban militants, killing at least 36 insurgents.
    (AP, 6/18/08)

2008        Jun 19, Afghan officials said a swift offensive by Afghan and NATO forces drove Taliban militants from a strategic group of villages outside Kandahar and killed 56 insurgents. Two Afghan soldiers and one civilian also died. The militants had planted hundreds of land mines in the area before fleeing. 2 soldiers from the US-led coalition were fatally wounded in a shooting incident in Helmand province.
    (AP, 6/19/08)(AP, 6/20/08)

2008        Jun 20, In southern Afghanistan a suicide bomber attacked a military convoy as it drove through a town, killing five civilians and one soldier from the US-led coalition.
    (AP, 6/20/08)

2008        Jun 21, In Afghanistan 5 foreign troops including a Polish national were slain in bombings, extending a series of daily attacks that have lifted the death toll for foreign forces this year to more than 100. In separate incidents attackers detonated bombs and opened fire on vehicles carrying Afghan troops in Zabul and Kunar provinces, killing five soldiers and wounding three. Afghan and coalition forces attacked and killed several militants manning a lookout post in Zabul province. Rockets fired from Pakistan hit a village in eastern Afghanistan killing a woman and three children, one of three cross-border attacks around the same late evening time. A total of 27 rockets were fired from Pakistan to the Afghan provinces of Paktika and Khost. Afghan troops responded by firing 19 artillery rounds from Khost and nine rounds from Paktika which landed in Pakistan.
    (AP, 6/21/08)(Reuters, 6/22/08)(AP, 6/26/08)
2008        Jun 21, Sean Langan (43), British freelance television journalist, was released by kidnappers along the Afghan-Pakistan border after being held for 3 months. Langan has spent the last few years making films about Afghanistan, Iraq and Zimbabwe, and his documentary "Fighting the Taliban" was short-listed for a Bafta this year.
    (AFP, 6/24/08)

2008        Jun 22, In Afghanistan US-led troops killed 55 militants including three senior commanders after rebels ambushed a patrol with rockets near the eastern Afghan-Pakistani border in fighting that had begun June 20. Militants in Pakistan fired rockets at NATO bases across the border in Afghanistan, killing three children in a village and prompting the alliance to launch a pair of retaliatory artillery strikes.
    (AFP, 6/23/08)(AP, 6/23/08)

2008        Jun 23, In Afghanistan a civilian father and son were killed by coalition forces in eastern Nangarhar province. 2 gunmen on a motorcycle killed a female police officer in Herat province.
    (AFP, 6/23/08)

2008        Jun 24, In eastern Afghanistan coalition warplanes swooped down on militants withdrawing from a firefight with police into the mountains, killing 15 of them. Militants torched a convoy carrying military supplies just south of the capital near Saydabad. 2 NATO soldiers died when a mine blast hit a patrol in Khogyani, a district of the eastern province of Nangarhar. A British soldier serving with a separate NATO security force was killed in a bomb blast in Helmand province.
    (AP, 6/24/08)(AP, 6/25/08)

2008        Jun 25, In Afghanistan US-led air strikes killed 22 Taliban militants who attacked two towns with rockets in Paktika province. In Helmand province a soldier in the US-led coalition was killed and three others were wounded when their vehicle hit a roadside bomb.
    (AP, 6/25/08)

2008        Jun 26, In Afghanistan a bomb hit troops from the US-led coalition patrolling in Wardak province, causing an unspecified number of casualties. A coalition service member was killed and five more wounded in western Farah province.
    (AP, 6/26/08)(AP, 6/27/08)

2008        Jun 27, In Afghanistan a British soldier died and two others were injured when their patrol vehicle rolled over. An American special forces soldier was fatally wounded by a bomb during a patrol in Kandahar province. Three US-led soldiers were killed in a bomb explosion in Wardak province.
    (AFP, 6/28/08)(AFP, 6/30/08)(AP, 6/30/08)
2008        Jun 27, A gang of Pakistani militants in the Bajur region executed two Afghan prisoners in front of thousands of cheering supporters, beheading Jan Wali (36) and shooting the other after accusing them of aiding a US missile strike. Celebratory gunfire then killed two bystanders and wounded six.
    (AP, 6/28/08)(SFC, 6/28/08, p.A5)

2008        Jun 28, In Afghanistan the US-led coalition said 32 militants were killed in southern Uruzgan province. 2 militants were killed in a firefight in the Marja district of troubled Helmand province. An army vehicle was struck by a roadside bomb in Paktia province killing two Afghan soldiers. In Farah province insurgents attacked the government headquarters in Juwain and the ensuing battle left at least 2 police officers dead.
    (SSFC, 6/29/08, p.A4)(AP, 6/30/08)(SFC, 6/30/08, p.A10)

2008        Jun 29, In southwestern Afghanistan US-led troops backed by warplanes battled militants, killing 28 rebels including several Taliban leaders in Nimroz province. The Afghan interior ministry however put the death toll at 15. NATO said an explosion in southern Afghanistan killed one of its soldiers. A mother and three of her sons died when a bomb the men were allegedly constructing exploded in their home in Wardak province. 2 militants were killed in a clash with Afghan soldiers in Helmand province. An army vehicle was struck by a roadside bomb in Paktia province killing two Afghan soldiers. 3 coalition soldiers were killed when their vehicle rolled into a riverbed in Kandahar province.
    (AP, 6/29/08)(AP, 6/30/08)(AFP, 6/30/08)(SFC, 7/1/08, p.A9)

2008        Jun 30, In Afghanistan 4 civilians were killed and two police were wounded in three roadside bomb blasts in the Zurmat district of eastern Paktia province. Militants attacked the government office in the town of Azra, Logar province, killing a civilian employee and wounding 3 police. US-led helicopters and bombers killed 33 insurgents in eastern Khost province, while NATO soldiers in the same area cooperated with Pakistani troops across the frontier to kill several more rebels. Gunmen dragged three pro-Karzai tribal elders from their car and shot them dead in Paktika province. A policeman was killed in a separate but similar incident in the same area.
    (AFP, 6/30/08)(AP, 6/30/08)(AP, 7/1/08)
2008        Jun 30, President Bush signed legislation to pay for the war operations in Iraq and Afghanistan for the rest of his presidency and beyond, hailing the $162 billion plan as a rare product of bipartisan cooperation.
    (AP, 6/30/08)

2008        Jun, Afghan opium farmers accounted for some $500 million in annual income. This was dwarfed by the $3.5 billion smuggling and refining business. About 15 kingpins in control were all known to Western intelligence officials, but currently enjoyed impunity.
    (Econ, 6/21/08, p.54)

2008        Jul 1, In Afghanistan 4 police officers died when their vehicle struck a roadside bomb as they went to reinforce a checkpost that had come under attack in southern Uruzgan province. The US-led force said it helped Afghan security forces kill "several" insurgents in the province and a young girl was also killed in the fighting. Five Taliban militants died in a clash in southern Zabul province. Another rebel was killed in southwestern Nimroz province. Official figures showed June was the deadliest month for foreign troops in Afghanistan since the 2001 fall of the Taliban and the second in a row in which casualties exceeded those in Iraq.
    (AFP, 7/1/08)

2008        Jul 2, In central Afghanistan a roadside blast killed five Afghan soldiers in Logar province. Gunfire brought down a US UH-60 Black Hawk helicopter in the same province, but no US personnel were hurt. In the northwest Afghan and international troops killed 25 Taliban after militants ambushed an Afghan patrol in Muqur district.
    (AP, 7/3/08)

2008        Jul 3, In Afghanistan gunmen lobbed a grenade and sprayed a police checkpoint with gunfire in the southern Kandahar province, killing eight officers. A roadside blast next to a police vehicle in central Ghazni province killed two officers and wounded five others. In eastern Paktika province, Afghan and foreign troops killed seven suspected militants during a clash near the Pakistan border. Afghan security forces seized 1.4 tons of opium in western Afghanistan near the border with Iran.
    (AP, 7/4/08)(AFP, 7/5/08)

2008        Jul 4, In southern Afghanistan gunmen assassinated parliament member and former military commander Habibullah Jan. In Helmand province a roadside bomb militants were planting detonated prematurely, killing 10 Taliban. 22 civilians were killed in air strikes in the Waygal district, including a woman and a child. A spokesman for the US-led coalition said the airstrikes in Nuristan province hit militants who earlier attacked a US military base with mortars. Several militants were killed during an operation in Ghazni province. More than 20 militants were killed and wounded during a battle with NATO-backed Afghan forces in Kunar province.
    (AP, 7/5/08)(AP, 7/6/08)

2008        Jul 5, In Afghanistan a clash killed seven Taliban and two police in Helmand province. Five other officers were wounded during the fight in Nawa district. A Canadian military medic was killed when an explosive device detonated in the Panjwayi District.
    (AP, 7/6/08)(Reuters, 7/7/08)

2008        Jul 6, In Afghanistan the chief government official in the Deh Bala district of Nangarhar province said villagers reported that as many as 27 people walking in a group toward a wedding were killed in a bombing. Up to 10 others were wounded. The US-led coalition said an airstrike killed or wounded 20 militants in Nangarhar. An official investigation later found that the US-led air strikes struck a wedding and killed 47 Afghan civilians.
    (AP, 7/6/08)(AFP, 7/11/08)

2008        Jul 7, In Afghanistan a car bomb detonated by a suicide bomber ripped through the front wall of the Indian Embassy in central Kabul, killing 41 people in the deadliest attack in the capital since the fall of the Taliban.
    (AP, 7/7/08)(AP, 7/8/08)

2008        Jul 8, In eastern Afghanistan a roadside bomb blast killed one NATO soldier and wounded four others. a provincial police chief said five insurgents and two policemen died during a clash in central Ghazni province.
    (AP, 7/8/08)

2008        Jul 9, In northwestern Afghanistan a group of villagers used a machine gun, sticks and stones to kill two Taliban militants and chase 10 others away. NATO-led forces in central Logar province killed a Taliban militant involved with suicide bombing networks. 9 British soldiers were injured in Helmand province when an Apache helicopter opened fire after mistaking them for the enemy.
    (AP, 7/10/08)

2008        Jul 12, In central Afghanistan Taliban militants executed two women just outside Ghazni city after accusing them of working as prostitutes on a US base. A soldier serving with ISAF died of wounds caused by an explosion in northern Afghanistan. NATO troops killed Bismullah Akhund, an insurgent leader in Helmand's Naw Zad district.
    (AP, 7/13/08)(AP, 7/17/08)
2008        Jul 12, NATO said a recent border clash that wounded several Pakistani and Afghan security personnel was sparked by insurgents in Afghanistan who fired at targets in both countries, apparently to stoke cross-border tensions.
    (AP, 7/12/08)

2008        Jul 13, In southern Afghanistan a suicide bomber on a motorcycle blew himself up next to a police patrol killing 24 people in Uruzgan province. A two-day battle sparked by an insurgent attack killed at least 40 militants in Helmand province. A NATO soldier died in a roadside blast in Helmand province. In Kunar province, fighting erupted when militants attacked a NATO security force outpost. In eastern Logar province gunmen kidnapped parliament member Abdul Wali and his driver. Well-armed militants got inside a remote military outpost in the village of Wanat in the mountainous northeastern province of Kunar. 9 American soldiers were killed in the deadliest assault on US forces in Afghanistan in three years. In 2010 the US Army reversed a decision to punish three officers for command failures that led to the deadly firefight. In 2014 Sgt. Matthew Pitts was awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions in Wanat.
    (AP, 7/13/08)(AP, 7/14/08)(AP, 6/23/10)(AFP, 7/21/14)

2008        Jul 14, In eastern Afghanistan seven insurgents were killed in fighting in Wanat, Nuristan province, where 9 US soldiers were killed a day earlier. An "Arab terrorist" was captured during the operation.
    (AP, 7/15/08)

2008        Jul 15, In southwestern Afghanistan air strikes against extremist rebels killed 4 women and 5 children as well as several insurgents. NATO pulled soldiers out of the outpost in Wanat village in northeastern Kunar province, which militants had breached killing 9 US soldiers.
    (AP, 7/16/08)

2008        Jul 16, The governor of Kandahar said eight militants were killed during an operation in the southern province's Khakrez district in the past two days. A regional Taliban commander, Mullah Mahmoud, who controlled about 250 fighters, was among those killed. Several militants were killed in the Nahr Surkh district of Helmand. Coalition and Afghan security forces uncovered and destroyed a large weapons cache in northern Jawzjan province.
    (AP, 7/16/08)(AP, 7/17/08)

2008        Jul 17, In western Afghanistan US Special Forces and Afghan troops called in airstrikes during a raid on a militant cell, killing 15 insurgents while freeing 15 hostages in Herat province. Taliban militants attacked a convoy carrying supplies for NATO forces in Zabul. A following gunbattle killed an Afghan security worker and wounded five.
    (AP, 7/17/08)(AP, 7/18/08)
2008        Jul 17, Aafia Siddiqui, a Pakistani woman once identified as a possible al-Qaida associate, was arrested by Afghan police, who found recipes for explosives and descriptions of New York landmarks in her handbag. [see Aug 5]
    (AFP, 8/30/08)

2008        Jul 18, In Afghanistan a roadside blast the Nava district of Helmand province. Three guards were killed and four wounded. 2 French aid workers were taken from their guest house in the early hours in the central province of Day Kundi, one of the poorest areas of Afghanistan. On August 2 Action Against Hunger said the aid workers had been released.
    (AP, 7/18/08)(AP, 8/2/08)

2008        Jul 19, Democratic presidential contender Barack Obama started a campaign-season tour of combat zones and foreign capitals, visiting with US forces in Kuwait and then Afghanistan — the scene of a war he says deserves more attention and more troops. Afghan troops clashed with Taliban insurgents in Zabul province attacking a supply convoy for NATO troops, killing nine militants. Roadside bombs in Kandahar province killed a NATO soldier in a separate convoy and four policemen. In Helmand province militants attacked a police checkpoint and in the ensuing gunfight three Taliban fighters were killed. NATO forces accidentally killed at least four civilians in eastern Paktika province.
    (AP, 7/19/08)(AP, 7/20/08)
2008        Jul 19, Mullah Rahim, the most senior Taliban leader in Afghanistan's Helmand province, gave himself up to Pakistani officials.
    (AP, 7/22/08)

2008        Jul 20, Democratic presidential candidate Barack Obama pledged steadfast aid to Afghanistan in talks with its Western-backed leader and vowed to pursue the war on terror "with vigor" if he is elected. 9 policemen were killed in international military air strikes called in when police and troops clashed after mistaking each other for Taliban. International soldiers had moved into a district in Farah province without informing police, who thought they were militants. 3 children were killed in the southern province of Helmand when a bomb blew up a minivan. One NATO soldier was killed in Khost province. A precision missile strike by British aircraft killed Abdul Rasaq, a Taliban leader who led fighters in the Musa Qala area of Helmand province.
    (AP, 7/20/08)(AFP, 7/20/08)(SFC, 7/21/08, p.A7)

2008        Jul 22, US-led coalition and Afghan troops for a 2nd day clashed with and called in airstrikes on Taliban militants in western Afghanistan, killing and wounding more than 25 insurgents. In Kabul a suicide bomber on foot detonated himself next to the walls of the city's historic Babur Gardens, a popular public park, wounding three civilians. In central Wardak province, US-led coalition forces killed "several militants" while hunting for a Taliban leader said to have been behind an attack that killed three American troops and their interpreter last month. Militants attacked a British patrol in Kajaki district of Helmand province. The soldier was initially wounded and later died. A civilian vehicle struck a mine in Khost province, killing four people and wounding three. The dead included a 2-year-old and a woman. In southern Helmand province, Afghan troops killed five insurgents in a clash. A policeman and two Afghan soldiers were wounded in the encounter. Gunmen killed the spokesman for the governor of Paktika province, Ghamai Khan Mohammadyar, and wounded his wife, his brother and his mother.
    (AP, 7/22/08)(AP, 7/23/08)

2008        Jul 23, In Afghanistan militants killed a district police chief in the eastern Nangarhar province after striking his convoy with a roadside bomb. Police clashed with Taliban fighters in Uruzgan province, killing three militants.
    (AP, 7/23/08)

2008        Jul 24, In southern Afghanistan insurgents attacked an Afghan military convoy in Zabul province and 35 militants were killed after the army called for assistance from the US-led coalition. A British army dog handler was fatally shot by insurgents.
    (AP, 7/24/08)(AP, 7/25/08)

2008        Jul 25, In southern Afghanistan a Danish soldier died in a roadside bomb attack. The death brings the number of Danish troops killed in Afghanistan since 2001 to 15. 3 Taliban militants died in a fight with police in the Gereshk district of Helmand province.
    (AP, 7/25/08)

2008        Jul 26, In southern Afghanistan NATO-led soldiers killed four civilians after opening fire on a car that did not stop at a checkpoint.
    (AP, 7/26/08)

2008        Jul 27, In Afghanistan some 50 to 70 insurgents were killed when helicopter gunships and ground fighting repulsed an attack by about 100 rebels in the Spera district of Khost province near the Pakistan border. 2 Policemen were killed in the attack. Elsewhere in Khost province, a suicide bomber blew himself up inside a tent of security guards, killing one of them and injuring six more. NATO troops killed two children in southern Afghanistan by opening fire on a car that they feared was about to attack their convoy.
    (AFP, 7/27/08)(WSJ, 7/28/08, p.A10)(AP, 7/28/08)

2008        Jul 28, US-led coalition troops killed several militants during a raid in central Afghanistan, while a suspected bomb maker and his family died in an accidental blast in Kunar province.
    (AP, 7/29/08)

2008        Jul 29, In Afghanistan a roadside blast that apparently targeted an Afghan senator mediating a land dispute in eastern Paktia province killed 3 policemen and wounded 3 others. In Logar province militants attacked a police van, killing two officers, then taking the vehicle. A British soldier was killed in Helmand.
    (AP, 7/30/08)

2008        Jul 30, In Afghanistan Insurgents and a roadside blast killed five Afghan policemen.
    (AP, 7/30/08)

2008        Aug 1, In eastern Afghanistan 4 NATO soldiers were killed in a bomb blast in Kunar province. Another soldier was killed in a separate explosion in Khost province. More than a dozen" rebels were killed in ground fighting and air strikes after attacking an Afghan and US-led coalition patrol in the southern province of Uruzgan. Several more were killed in the southwestern province of Farah after their hideout was discovered. Three other militants linked to Taliban, one of them a doctor, were killed when a bomb they were planting exploded in eastern Khost province. Islamic rebels captured six policemen following a brief firefight in Khost province.
    (AFP, 8/1/08)(AFP, 8/2/08)

2008        Aug 2, In Afghanistan a suspected rebel bomb struck a minibus carrying a newly married couple, killing the bride and groom and 11 wedding guests.
    (AP, 8/2/08)
2008        Aug 2, In Sri Lanka a two-day summit of leaders of the 15th South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC), opened amid extraordinary security. Leaders of Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, The Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka attended the summit. Government troops captured rebel-held Vellankulam village in Mannar, the last rebel stronghold in the area. Fresh fighting between Sri Lankan troops and Tamil Tiger separatists killed 14 rebels and two soldiers across the embattled northern region.
    (AP, 8/2/08)(AP, 8/3/08)

2008        Aug 3, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb struck a US-led coalition vehicle, killing one service member and wounding another on the outskirts of Kabul. Afghan and NATO troops targeted a group of Taliban fighters in Helmand province, killing 17 militants and wounding six others. Four police were killed separately in a militant ambush in central Ghazni province.
    (AP, 8/3/08)(AP, 8/4/08)

2008        Aug 4, In Afghanistan a pair of Taliban fighters died when a mine they were planting exploded prematurely in the Spin Boldak district of Kandahar province. Police killed five Taliban fighters after the militants ambushed a police patrol in Kandahar’s Panjwayi district.
    (AP, 8/4/08)(AP, 8/5/08)

2008        Aug 5, Aafia Siddiqui, a Pakistani woman once identified as a possible al-Qaida associate, was extradited from Afghanistan and arraigned in New York on charges that she tried to kill US agents and military officers. Siddiqui was educated at Brandeis and MIT and fled to Pakistan after 9/11 because of anti-Muslim sentiment. She and her children dropped out of sight in March 2003, after 9/11 mastermind Khalid sheikh Mohammed mentioned her name during an interrogation. She was arrested by Afghan police on July 17, who found recipes for explosives and descriptions of New York landmarks in her handbag. Siddiqui is the wife of Ammar al-Baluchi, a nephew of Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, who was believed to be the chief planner of the Sep 11, 2001, attacks.
    (SFC, 8/6/08, p.A3)(WSJ, 8/6/08, p.A7)(SSFC, 8/24/08, p.A5)

2008        Aug 7, Afghan and coalition forces killed at least four militants in Nahr Surkh district of Helmand province. In central Afghanistan US-led coalition forces "inadvertently" killed four women and a child during a clash that killed several militants.
    (AP, 8/8/08)

2008        Aug 8, In western Afghanistan a coalition service member died in a roadside blast. About 20 Taliban fighters were killed in a battle with Afghan and US-led forces near a key military supply route in the western Bala Buluk district. An Afghan child was killed and two injured by militants who attacked alliance troops in northeastern Kunar province.
    (AP, 8/8/08)(AP, 8/9/08)

2008        Aug 9, In Afghanistan airstrikes and clashes north of Kabul killed 11 people, some of whom were believed to be civilians.
    (AP, 8/10/08)

2008        Aug 10, In Afghanistan five civilians died when their vehicle struck a freshly planted mine close to an Afghan military base in Zhari district in southern Kandahar province. Australia's Defense Department said that its troops had captured Mullah Bari Ghul, the Taliban's senior leader in the central province of Uruzgan during a targeted operation last week. 8 civilians held hostage by Taliban militants were killed in an air strike by US-led troops during a battle that also left 25 rebel fighters dead in southern Uruzgan province.
    (AP, 8/10/08)(AFP, 8/11/08)

2008        Aug 11, An Afghan police officer was killed and two others were injured in a roadside bomb explosion on the southeastern outskirts of Kabul. 3 civilians were killed and 15 people were wounded, including three NATO troops, when a suicide car bomber rammed his vehicle into a NATO military convoy in Kabul. In the northern province of Maimana meanwhile a Latvian ISAF soldier was killed and three others wounded when their vehicle hit a roadside bomb.
    (AFP, 8/11/08)

2008        Aug 13, In Afghanistan militants brandishing assault rifles ambushed a US relief organization's vehicle, killing three aid workers and their Afghan driver and leaving their white SUV riddled with hundreds of bullets. The three women killed in Logar province worked for the New York-based International Rescue Committee (IRC). In southern Afghanistan militants began launching attacks on a coalition patrol. Over 3 dozen militants were killed in the fighting.
    (AP, 8/13/08)(SFC, 8/16/08, p.A6)

2008        Aug 14, Afghan police pulled back from posts in the Nad Ali district of Helmand province after two weeks of clashes with militants. The Taliban claimed to have taken over that district. An explosion targeting a foot patrol in southern Afghanistan killed 3 members of the US-led coalition. Afghan and foreign troops clashed with insurgents in the Shwak district of eastern Paktika province.
    (AP, 8/15/08)(SFC, 8/15/08, p.A11)(AP, 8/17/08)

2008        Aug 15, Afghan security forces withdrew from Nawa district in eastern Ghazni province after days of fighting with Taliban, allowing the rebels to move in and capture the area. In eastern Afghanistan a roadside bomb and small arms fire killed 2 soldiers serving under the separate NATO-led force. Taliban insurgents attacked police checkpoints in Nad Ali district of southern Helmand province, sparking clashes that killed 23 militants.
    (AFP, 8/15/08)(SFC, 8/16/08, p.A6)(AP, 8/17/08)

2008        Aug 16, Afghan and foreign troops clashed with militants in a mountainous area of Zabul province, killing 7 militants. In Kandahar province a roadside blast killed 10 police officers on patrol. In eastern Paktika province police clashed with militants in the Shwak district, killing 4 insurgents. In Helmand province British troops accidentally killed 4 civilians during an operation against Taliban insurgents.
    (AP, 8/17/08)(WSJ, 8/18/08, p.A9)(Reuters, 8/18/08)

2008        Aug 17, In Afghanistan 32 Taliban fighters died during a four-hour battle in Zabul province. 9 private security guards also died in the attack on a NATO convoy.
    (AP, 8/17/08)

2008        Aug 18, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide car bomb blew up outside Camp Salerno, a US military base in Khost, killing 12 civilian laborers, as the country marked Independence Day. A mine blew up a police vehicle in the province of Nangarhar and killed two policemen. About 100 insurgents ambushed a group of French paratroopers, killing 10 soldiers in an area outside the capital known as a militant stronghold. An Afghan official said insurgents kidnapped four of the soldiers and later killed them. 13 militants were reported killed [see Oct 15, 2009].
    (AFP, 8/18/08)(AP, 8/19/08)(Econ, 8/34/08, p.34)

2008        Aug 19, In Afghanistan a team of suicide bombers tried unsuccessfully to storm a US base near the Afghanistan-Pakistan border. NATO said 3 suicide bombers detonated their vests and 3 more were shot dead and that 7 attackers in total were killed.
    (AP, 8/19/08)

2008        Aug 20, In eastern Afghanistan the US-led coalition killed more than 30 insurgents in a battle whose fighters were said to be responsible for an attack that killed 10 French troops earlier this week. 3 Polish soldiers were killed when a roadside bomb exploded in the central province of Ghazni. 3 Canadian soldiers were killed by a roadside bomb in southern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 8/21/08)(Reuters, 8/21/08)
2008        Aug 20, In Beijing Rohullah Nikpai of Afghanistan won a bronze medal in taekwondo. This was Afghanistan’s first Olympic medal ever.
    (http://sports.espn.go.com/oly/summer08/news/story?id=3544339)

2008        Aug 21, British PM Gordon Brown visited Kabul after meeting with British troops in Helmand province. Brown pledged more support for Afghanistan including 120 million dollars towards a development fund that would include paying teachers' salaries and 17 million dollars for a radio station in Helmand. 11 militants reportedly died in a clash in the south. Afghan and international troops clashed with militants in Khas in Uruzgan province, killing 11 militants.
    (AP, 8/21/08)(AP, 8/22/08)

2008        Aug 22, US-led troops attacked a compound where Taliban leaders were meeting in western Afghanistan, and reportedly killed 30 militants. An Afghan human rights group said that at least 78 people were killed, including women and children, in the joint Afghan-US coalition military operation in western Herat province. In eastern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed a US coalition service member. An investigation later found that more than 90 civilians, mostly women and children, were killed in the coalition air strikes in Herat. Officials later said the US-led attack was based on misleading information by a rival tribesman named Nader Tawakil. On Sep 2 the US-led coalition said that its investigation into the controversial missile strike, thought to have killed 90 civilians, had found that only seven non-combatants died. After video images showing at least 10 dead children and up to 40 other dead villagers surfaced, the US said it would send a one-star general to investigate the strike.
    (AP, 8/22/08)(AFP, 8/24/08)(WSJ, 8/29/08, p.A1)(AFP, 9/2/08)(AP, 9/14/08)

2008        Aug 23, Azizabad villagers threw stones at Afghan soldiers who tried to give them food and clothes. The soldiers fired into the crowd and wounded eight people, including one child critically wounded. This was the village in Herat province where the day before a US-Afghan operation took place leaving many civilians dead.
    (AP, 8/23/08)

2008        Aug 24, Taliban militants attacked a patrol of US-led coalition troops in northern Afghanistan, while insurgents came under fire by NATO aircraft after attacking an Afghan army outpost in the south. At least 10 militants were killed in the fighting. In eastern Kunar province, a civilian Mi-8 supply helicopter contracted by NATO-led troops crashed shortly after takeoff, killing one person on board and wounding three others.
    (AP, 8/24/08)

2008        Aug 25, The Afghan cabinet demanded the renegotiation of agreements regulating the presence of the international community in Afghanistan after more than 90 civilians were killed in US-led air strikes.
    (AFP, 8/25/08)

2008        Aug 26, A UN team in Herat, Afghanistan, said it found "convincing evidence" that 90 civilians, including 60 children, were killed in US-led air strikes last week. Aerial bombardment was clearly evident with some 78 houses having been totally destroyed and serious damage to many others. Kazuya Ito (31), a Japanese aid worker, was kidnapped at gunpoint with his driver near Jalalabad. Ito was found killed the next day. A group of Taliban fighters attacked a police checkpoint in Nad Ali district of Helmand province, sparking a clash that killed 18 militants. An air strike killed 30 Taliban in southeastern Afghanistan close to the border with Pakistan.
    (AP, 8/26/08)(AP, 8/27/08)(Reuters, 8/27/08)

2008        Aug 27, In Afghanistan a German soldier was killed and another three injured in a roadside bomb attack in Kunduz province. Germany counted some 3,300 soldiers as part of the international force in Afghanistan. US-led coalition troops clashed and called in airstrikes against militants in Kunduz province, killing more than a dozen insurgents. In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed a US coalition soldier on a patrol. In the Nad Ali area of Helmand province, a fight between police and militants killed 14 insurgents. More than a dozen militants were killed after they attacked a coalition base in Shaheed Hasas district of the southern Uruzgan province. Two Afghan guards also died during the attack. About a dozen militants were killed during a raid by coalition troops in eastern Paktika province.
    (AP, 8/27/08)(AP, 8/28/08)(AP, 8/30/08)

2008        Aug 28, The US-backed coalition said a four-day battle that began with an ambush on a joint US-Afghan patrol in southern Afghanistan has killed more than 100 militants. A dozen militants were killed in a gunbattle with coalition forces in Paktika province.
    (AP, 8/28/08)(AP, 8/29/08)

2008        Sep 1, Foreign and Afghan forces killed five children in two separate incidents, further inflaming tensions over the killings of civilians by troops from the US and other countries. The US military said US-led coalition and Afghan troops killed more than 220 suspected Taliban militants in strikes in southern Afghanistan last week.
    (AP, 9/1/08)(Reuters, 9/1/08)

2008        Sep 2, In Afghanistan 22 Taliban were killed in a clash in Zabul province's Naw Bahar district. 7 Arab fighters were among the dead. Another 10 militants died in clashes with Afghan and foreign troops in Nad Ali district of Helmand province. NATO troops in Operation Oqab Tsuka (Eagle’s summit) delivered a Chinese-built turbine for the power station at Kajaki. Taliban insurgents opened fire on a patrol of Australian, US and Afghan troops, as it returned to base. More than a dozen coalition troops were wounded; none died. In 2009 Australian trooper Mark Donaldson was awarded the Victoria Cross, the highest military honor in the British Commonwealth, for his efforts to protect the wounded during the attack.
    (AP, 9/3/08)(Econ, 9/6/08, p.64)(AP, 1/16/09)

2008        Sep 3, Pakistan's government says a cross-border raid involving US-led or NATO forces killed several civilians. Women and children were among 15 people reportedly killed in the attack in a Pakistani village in South Waziristan near the border with Afghanistan.
    (AP, 9/3/08)

2008        Sep 5, In western Afghanistan an overnight raid in Farah province killed six militants and two civilians.
    (AP, 9/5/08)

2008        Sep 6, In Afghanistan a suicide bomb attack by a fake beggar inside a regional prosecutor's office and a shoot-out between police and Taliban militants killed 15 people.
    (AP, 9/6/08)

2008        Sep 7, In Afghanistan 2 suicide attackers detonated bombs inside the police headquarters in Kandahar city, killing six policemen. In southern Afghanistan a Canadian soldier was killed and seven wounded when their armored vehicle struck an explosive device while on patrol.
    (AP, 9/7/08)(Reuters, 9/8/08)

2008        Sep 8, A roadside blast in southern Afghanistan killed six civilians.
    (AP, 9/8/08)

2008        Sep 9, A NATO bomb missed its target by more than 1 1/2 miles and hit a house, killing two Afghan civilians and wounding 10 at a time of rising tension between the Afghan government and international troops over the use of airstrikes.
    (AP, 9/9/08)
2008        Sep 9, Asif Ali Zardari. the widower of assassinated former Pakistani leader Benazir Bhutto, took office as the country's new president, facing immediate pressure to crack down on Islamic militants and address daunting economic problems. Zardari and Afghan Pres. Karzai hosted a joint news conference and declared that they stand together against the Taliban and al-Qaida.
    (AP, 9/9/08)(SFC, 9/10/08, p.A7)

2008        Sep 11, In Afghanistan 10 militants were killed by US-led coalition troops north of Kabul. 2 US soldiers were killed in eastern Afghanistan. An insurgent attack on a compound in eastern Afghanistan killed a US soldier and another was killed by an explosive, making 2008 the deadliest for American forces in Afghanistan since the 2001 invasion.
    (AP, 9/11/08)(AP, 9/12/08)

2008        Sep 12, Taliban militants attacked a logistics convoy in western Afghanistan, sparking a clash that killed 10 insurgents and five Afghan guards. Afghan police said they had arrested three suspects accused of giving the US military false information that led to the August 22 bombardment of the village of Azizabad.
    (AP, 9/12/08)(AP, 9/14/08)

2008        Sep 13, In Afghanistan Mohammad Jan Abdullah Wardak, the governor of Logar province and a former cabinet minister, was killed with 3 others in a bomb attack near Kabul claimed by Taliban rebels and condemned by President Hamid Karzai. A British soldier was killed in an explosion in Helmand province. Taliban militants in Ghazni province ambushed and killed 4 police. 3 more were wounded and died the next day.
    (AP, 9/13/08)(AP, 9/14/08)(AFP, 9/14/08)

2008        Sep 14, In southern Afghanistan a suicide bomber in a vehicle attacked a convoy carrying Afghan doctors working for the UN, killing two doctors and their driver. They were on a mission to monitor efforts to vaccinate children against polio. 6 children died in central Ghazni after ordnance they were playing with exploded. An Afghan interpreter working for the US military was shot dead as he stepped out of his home.
    (AFP, 9/14/08)

2008        Sep 17, A roadside blast in eastern Afghanistan killed four US coalition soldiers and an Afghan. In Kabul US Defense Secretary Robert Gates expressed "personal regret" for recent US airstrikes that killed Afghan civilians, and pledged more accurate targeting in future. French Defense Minister Herve Morin said years of under-investment in defense by European countries was to blame for a critical shortage of international forces in Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 9/17/08)

2008        Sep 18, In southern Afghanistan NATO-led troops killed an ally of President Hamid Karzai during an overnight gunbattle. The Afghan president said the death resulted from a "misunderstanding between foreign and local forces." Ruzi Khan Barakzai, the former police chief of Uruzgan province and a tribal leader and militia commander, were killed outside the provincial capital of Tirin Kot. Taliban militants killed two policemen and wounded three others after attacking their checkpoint in the eastern Paktika province.
    (AP, 9/18/08)

2008        Sep 19, In western Afghanistan a roadside bomb hit a US-led coalition convoy killing one coalition soldier.
    (WSJ, 9/20/08, p.A1)

2008        Sep 20, A soldier from the US-led coalition and two Afghan civilians were killed when a bomb hit their vehicle in southern Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 9/20/08)

2008        Sep 21, The UN said guns fell silent across much of Afghanistan for the 26th anniversary of the International Day of Peace that saw pledges by the US, NATO, the Afghan government and the Taliban to halt attacks. Taliban militants attacked a security company guarding a road construction crew in the southern province of Ghazni, killing two guards. In southwestern Afghanistan suspected Taliban militants kidnapped about 156 civilian laborers who were traveling in three buses in the Bala Buluk area.
    (AP, 9/21/08)(AFP, 9/22/08)

2008        Sep 22, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed a district chief and a police chief in Kandahar province. An Afghan journalist detained for 11 months at the US military base at Bagram alleged that his captors kicked him, forced him to stand barefoot in the snow and didn't allow him to sleep for days. Jawed Ahmad (21), who worked primarily for CTV, a Canadian television network, was handed over to Afghan authorities on Sep 21.
    (AP, 9/23/08)
2008        Sep 22, In Pakistan gunmen kidnapped Abdul Khaliq Farahi, Afghanistan's ambassador-designate, and killed his driver in the main northwestern city of Peshawar. Farahi was released on Nov 13, 2010.
    (AP, 9/21/08)(AP, 11/14/10)

2008        Sep 24, In Afghanistan a bomb blast in the capital has wounded Kabul's chief criminal investigator. Gen. Ali Shah Paktiawal was investigating the overnight killing of three officers at the checkpoint in Kabul's western outskirts when a blast struck his team. A remote-controlled bomb struck a police vehicle in Spin Boldak district, killing two officers.
    (AP, 9/24/08)(AP, 9/25/08)

2008        Sep 25, In Afghanistan a bomb targeted a bus full of police trainers in Kandahar city, killing a civilian passerby. The bomb missed the bus. The bullet-riddled bodies of four police officers were found dumped in Ghazni province.
    (AP, 9/25/08)(AFP, 9/27/08)

2008        Sep 26, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber targeting a militia commander killed five people, and wounded seven others in eastern Khost province. Three policemen were killed in Ghazni province when militants linked to Taliban attacked their patrol. Troops backed by gunship helicopters killed five Taliban-linked militants in Ghazni province. Taliban militants released 118 Afghan laborers.
    (AP, 9/26/08)(AFP, 9/27/08)

2008        Sep 27, Taliban militants released the last 30 of approximately 150 Afghan laborers they had abducted for almost a week after suspecting the workers of being Afghan soldiers. 118 were released a day earlier. 3 had been released earlier in the week due to illness.
    (AP, 9/27/08)

2008        Sep 28, In Afghanistan two gunmen on a motorbike shot and killed Malalai Kakar (41), a high-ranking woman police official in Kandahar city. A suicide bomber killed three police and three civilians in the Spin Boldak district of Kandahar province. An Afghan police official said a US-led coalition killed three civilians in an operation apparently targeting a suicide bomb cell in eastern Afghanistan. That claim was disputed by the coalition, which said its troops killed two al-Qaida militants. A NATO soldier and an Afghan policeman were killed in a row that erupted after a bomb strike. Gunmen opened fire on the head of a provincial council, near his home in Kandahar city. Mohammad Hashim Granai survived, but 4 of his bodyguards were killed.
    (AP, 9/28/08)(AP, 9/29/08)

2008        Sep 29, In Afghanistan a bomb struck a vehicle killed two civilians and wounding two others in rural eastern Paktika province. Taliban attacked a police outpost in Ghazni province overnight and killed two policemen, taking one away with them. International forces bombed a Taliban group in Ghazni and killed five rebels.
    (AP, 9/29/08)

2008        Oct 3, NATO launched an airstrike near the Afghan border with Pakistan. A jet fighter bombed two houses in different parts of Datta Khel. Intelligence officials in the region said 2 women and one child were killed and 5 men wounded. A militant attack on a US patrol in eastern Kunar province killed an Afghan civilian and wounded four others.
    (Reuters, 10/3/08)(AP, 10/3/08)
2008        Oct 3, US missiles hit a house in Mohammadkhel near the Afghan border. Two Pakistani intelligence officials, citing reports from field agents and informants, said 14 Taliban militants and 8 Arabs died in the attack about 28 miles west of Miran Shah.
    (AP, 10/4/08)
2008        Oct 3, United States Protection and Investigations, a Houston security company, was indicted on charges of defrauding the US government for work done during the Afghanistan war and rebuilding efforts.
    (AP, 10/3/08)

2008        Oct 4, The US coalition says its forces have killed five militants in two operations targeting al-Qaida and Taliban insurgents in eastern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 10/4/08)

2008        Oct 5, Afghan and US troops clashed and called airstrikes on a group of insurgents in southern Zabul province, killing 43 militants.
    (AP, 10/7/08)

2008        Oct 6, A suicide bomber attacked legislator Rasheed Akbar Niwani’s house in eastern Pakistan, killing at least 15 people and wounding more than 50. Officials said Pakistani authorities have begun expelling Afghan refugees from the Bajaur tribal region that has become the main battleground between troops and fighters linked to the Taliban and al Qaeda.
    (AP, 10/6/08)(Reuters, 10/6/08)

2008        Oct 7, Afghan refugees flowed over the border from Pakistan’s Bajur battle zone after officials accused them of links with Taliban militants and ordered them out.
    (AP, 10/7/08)
2008        Oct 7, Chancellor Angela Merkel's Cabinet voted to extend Germany's military mission in Afghanistan for 14 more months.
    (AP, 10/7/08)

2008        Oct 8, In Afghanistan at least 27 Islamic militants were killed in military operations across the country. Villagers reported that 10 civilians died in rebel gunfire.
    (AFP, 10/9/08)

2008        Oct 9, Afghanistan appealed for more NATO help to attack heroin dealers at a meeting with NATO counterparts in Budapest. General David McKiernan, the top US commander in Afghanistan, said he backed a "political solution" to the country's dragging conflict with Taliban-led extremists. The US pushed NATO allies to order their troops to target Afghanistan's thriving heroin trade in a bid to stem the flow of drug money to the widening insurgency against the troubled international military mission.
    (AFP, 10/9/08)(AP, 10/9/08)(SFC, 10/10/08, p.A16)

2008        Oct 10, NATO defense ministers authorized their troops in Afghanistan to attack drug barons blamed for pumping up to US$100 million (euro74 million) a year into the coffers of resurgent Taliban fighters.
    (AP, 10/10/08)

2008        Oct 11, Afghan Pres. Karzai named Muhammad Hanif Atmar (40) as his interior minister in a Cabinet reshuffle aimed to curb high-level corruption. In Afghanistan about 40 militants more were killed as a three-day operation wound up in the Nad Ali district of Helmand province. Atmar was a former official in Afghanistan’s communist-era secret police.
    (AFP, 10/12/08)(SSFC, 10/12/08, p.A7)

2008        Oct 12, In Afghanistan 62 militants, part of a group of 150 that had been seen massing outside of Lashkar Gah for several days, were killed overnight in NATO air strikes that stopped them from entering the Helmand provincial capital. Taliban commander Mullah Qadratullah was among the dead. The US-led coalition killed five Taliban rebels in Ghazni. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) reporter Mellissa Fung (35) was kidnapped in Kabul. She was freed on Nov 8.
    (AP, 10/12/08)(AFP, 10/13/08)(SFC, 10/13/08, p.A11)(AFP, 11/9/08)

2008        Oct 13, In Afghanistan 8 civilians were killed in separate insurgent attacks. 5 Afghan men who worked as translators were abducted by unknown gunmen in the eastern province of Paktia as they were driving to Kabul by taxi. A coalition service member was killed and several others were wounded in southern Afghanistan when their vehicle was hit by a roadside bomb.
    (AFP, 10/13/08)(AP, 10/14/08)

2008        Oct 14, In eastern Afghanistan a roadside bomb blast killed three NATO soldiers. In the south, a bomb attack apparently intended for NATO troops exploded against an Afghan minivan in Uruzgan province, killing nine civilians. Dost Mohammad Arighistani, head of the government's labor and social affairs department for the southern province of Kandahar, was killed in his car with his bodyguard as he traveled to work. Taliban militants attacked police checkpoints ringing Lashkar Gah. 18 militants were killed and three police wounded. 6 policemen died after a shootout among officers inside a police checkpoint about 15 miles north of Lashkar Gah.
    (AP, 10/14/08)(AFP, 10/14/08)(AP, 10/15/08)

2008        Oct 15, In Afghanistan international war planes bombed a gathering of Taliban and other militants overnight in Barham Chah on the border with Pakistan and killed up to 70. An explosion in Helmand province killed a British soldier.
    (AFP, 10/15/08)(AP, 10/16/08)

2008        Oct 16, In southern Afghanistan an insurgent's rocket hit Lashkar Gah, capital of the world's largest opium producing region, killing a civilian and wounding five other people. An Afghan policeman killed a US soldier on foot patrol in Paktika province and a second international troop was killed by a mortar in another "possible friendly fire" incident. Air strikes in the Nad Ali district of Helmand province reportedly killed 17 civilians. 18 insurgents were killed in fighting in Kunar province.
    (AP, 10/16/08)(AFP, 10/16/08)(SFC, 10/18/08, p.A9)

2008        Oct 17, In Afghanistan a bomb in Paktika province killed two civilians. A two-day battle in Wardak province left 20 militants dead. NATO-led forces assaulted the insurgent stronghold with airstrikes 40 miles west of Kabul.
    (AFP, 10/18/08)(AP, 10/20/08)

2008        Oct 18, In Afghanistan men on motorbikes shot dead a prominent pro-government Afghan tribal elder and his son, a former bodyguard for President Hamid Karzai, as they left a mosque in Kandahar. A bomb in eastern Paktika province killed two civilian men and a child.
    (AFP, 10/18/08)

2008        Oct 19, Taliban militants stopped a bus traveling on Afghanistan's main highway in the Maiwand district of Kandahar province, captured some 50 people on board and killed 26 of them with at least 6 beheaded. International and Afghan forces killed 34 Taliban fighters south of the Helmand provincial capital of Lashkar Gah.  In early 2009 Canadian military police charged Captain Robert Semrau of shooting and killing a man, described by the military police, as a "presumed insurgent," on or about October 19, 2008.
    (AP, 10/19/08)(AP, 10/20/08)(AP, 10/24/08)

2008        Oct 20, Taliban gunmen killed Gayle Williams (34), a Christian aid worker in Kabul, as she was walking to work. The militant group said it targeted the British-South African citizen because she was spreading her religion. In Faryab province militants killed five policemen, including a district police chief. In northern Afghanistan, a suicide bomber killed two German soldiers and five children in Kunduz province.
    (AP, 10/20/08)(SFC, 10/21/08, p.A12)

2008        Oct 21, Saudi Foreign Minister Saud al-Faisal confirmed for the first time that the kingdom has been sponsoring talks between the Afghan government and the Taliban militia.
    (AP, 10/21/08)

2008        Oct 22, A US-led coalition airstrike hit an Afghan army checkpoint, killing nine soldiers. The American military acknowledged that its forces may have "mistakenly" killed allied troops. In southern Uruzgan province a two-day battle that ended with 35 Taliban fighters killed along with three Afghan police. US troops killed 7 militants and detained 7 others in a series of operations throughout Afghanistan. Among the dead was a Taliban leader in Helmand province responsible for attacks on coalition forces and Afghan security checkpoints. Another three militants were killed inside a cave in the western Farah province's Bala Buluk district during a raid by American and Afghan troops. In western Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed three US coalition members.
    (AP, 10/22/08)(AP, 10/23/08)

2008        Oct 23, In Afghanistan a US coalition raid in Paktika province killed three insurgents and detained four others. Three Turks were kidnapped in Khost province. In southern Helmand province armed assailants attacked a man and gouged out his eyes in front of his family during a gruesome assault.
    (AP, 10/24/08)(AP, 10/25/08)(AP, 10/26/08)

2008        Oct 25, An Afghan guard killed a Briton and a South African, 2 top officials working for international courier company DHL, and them himself in a shoot out in Kabul. A senior police official said an argument had erupted between the foreigners and some Afghans and it was not a Taliban attack.
    (AP, 10/26/08)(SSFC, 10/26/08, p.A20)

2008        Oct 27,  In northern Afghanistan a suicide bomber wearing a police uniform blew himself up inside a police station, killing 2 American soldiers and 2 Afghans in Baghlan province. The Taliban claimed responsibility. Insurgents downed a US helicopter in Wardak province. Crew members survived and were rescued.
    (AP, 10/27/08)(SFC, 10/28/08, p.A8)(AFP, 11/9/08)
2008        Oct 28, Afghan and Pakistani leaders vowed to seek dialogue with Taliban insurgents, saying the "door is now open" for reconciliation.
    (AP, 10/28/08)

2008        Oct 30, Taliban militants stormed a government building in the center of Kabul and one of them blew himself up inside, killing five people. 4 police were killed in Panjwayi district of Kandahar province, after their patrol vehicle struck a newly planted mine.
    (AP, 10/30/08)

2008        Oct 31, In eastern Afghanistan a series of operations by US forces targeted an al-Qaida leader and a bomb-making cell, killing 19 militants in Nangarhar and Khost provinces. Taliban spokesman, Zabiullah Mujahid, said the militant group has released two aid workers from Bangladesh whom they had kidnapped in Ghazni province late last month.
    (AP, 11/1/08)
2008        Oct 31, Gunmen in Peshawar, Pakistan, kidnapped Zia ul-Haq Ahadi, the brother of Afghanistan's finance minister, while he was walking to his mother's home after praying at a mosque. Ahadi, a businessman who lives in Afghanistan, was in Peshawar to visit his mother.
    (AP, 11/2/08)

2008        Oct, US Special Forces soldiers freed a kidnapped American working for the Army Corps of Engineers during a nighttime mission. The American, who had been working on US government-funded infrastructure projects, was abducted in mid-August and had been held just 30 miles west of Kabul with no public notice of his abduction. The mission to free the contractor killed several insurgents.
    (AP, 10/22/08)

2008        Nov 1, In southern Afghanistan Dutch Major General Mart de Kruif replaced Canadian Major General Marc Lessard as head of 19,000 mostly British, Canadian, Dutch and US NATO-led soldiers of the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF).
    (AP, 11/1/08)
2008        Nov 1, It was reported that British Major Sebastian Morley, commander of SAS (Special Air Service) troops in Afghanistan, has resigned, reportedly in disgust at equipment failures that he believes led to the death of four of his troops.
    (AFP, 11/1/08)

2008        Nov 3, In southern Afghanistan 37 civilians, including women and children, were killed in international air strikes that hit Wach Baghtu village in Shah Wali Kot district of Kandahar. 26 insurgents were also reported killed. In Afghanistan gunmen abducted Dany Egreteau (32), a French aid worker in Kabul, and shot dead an Afghan man who tried to rescue him. The Taliban said it was not involved. Afghan and coalition troops seized 40 tons of hashish during a raid in Nawa Kili village in southern Kandahar province.
    (AFP, 11/3/08)(AP, 11/3/08)(AFP, 11/5/08)(AP, 11/7/08)

2008        Nov 4, In Afghanistan Gen. David Petraeus, the new chief of the US Central Command, took a firsthand look at the war following a two-day visit to Pakistan. US-led troops killed five insurgents in the southern Helmand province, after the militants ambushed their patrol. in Kandahar province Don Ayala (46), a US military contractor, shot and killed Abdul Salam, an Afghan civilian, after Salam Afghan ignited a pitcher of fuel and threw it on social scientist Paula Lloyd (36), inflicting serious burns. On Nov 20 Ayala was charged in Virginia with 2nd degree murder. Lloyd died from the burns on Jan 7, 2009.
    (AP, 11/4/08)(SFC, 11/21/08, p.A3)(SFC, 1/10/09, p.A5)

2008        Nov 6, In northwest Afghanistan an airstrike killed 13 Taliban militants and seven civilians in Ghormach district of Badghis province, a day after President Hamid Karzai demanded a halt to civilian casualties in US-led coalition operations.
    (AP, 11/6/08)

2008        Nov 7, In Afghanistan a clash between police and the Taliban in Zabul province, killed seven insurgents and wounded two policemen.
    (AP, 11/7/08)

2008        Nov 9, A Taliban suicide attacker rammed a bomb-filled minivan into a NATO military convoy in Afghanistan, killing two Spanish soldiers and critically wounding another. Officials said US coalition forces killed 14 militants who fired on them in Khost province. The province's governor, Arsallah Jamal, said the 14 men were civilian construction workers and were not militants.
    (AFP, 11/9/08)

2008        Nov 10, Afghan writer Atiq Rahimi won France's top book prize, the Goncourt, for a novel penned in French, "Syngue Sabour", or Stone of Patience.
    (AFP, 11/10/08)
2008        Nov 10, New York Times reporter David S. Rohde (41) was abducted along with an Afghan reporter colleague and a driver south of Kabul. Rohde and Afghan reporter Tahir Ludin (35) escaped captivity in North Waziristan on June 19.
    (AP, 6/21/09)

2008        Nov 11, Suspected Taliban militants kidnapped Shamsudin Agha, a religious leader in western in Farah province, after he criticized the use of suicide attacks as a weapon of war in the country. Authorities recovered Agha's body the next night.
    (AP, 11/14/08)

2008        Nov 12, In Afghanistan a bomb-filled tanker exploded outside the office of the provincial council in Kandahar, killing six people and wounding 42. Two British troops were killed in an explosion in southern Helmand province. Men squirted the acid from water bottles onto three groups of students and teachers walking to school in Kandahar. Some of the girls received burns only on their school uniforms but others will have scars on their faces. On Nov 25 officials announced the arrest of 10 Taliban militants involved in the acid attack.
    (AP, 11/12/08)(AP, 11/13/08)(AP, 11/14/08)(AP, 11/25/08)

2008        Nov 13, In Afghanistan a suicide car bomber struck a US patrol, killing eight Afghan civilians and one US soldier and wounding 74 civilians in Nangarhar province. US troops killed four al-Qaida-linked militants during a raid in eastern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 11/14/08)(SFC, 11/14/08, p.A14)

2008        Nov 14, In Afghanistan US forces grabbed a "key insurgent leader" in a joint raid with Afghan police in a village in eastern Ghazni province. Coalition forces also killed 10 militants in a strike against a bomb-making cell in the eastern Paktia province.
    (AP, 11/15/08)
2008        Nov 14, In Pakistan a Japanese and an Afghan journalist were shot in the frontier city of Peshawar, the third attack on foreigners in three days. Motoki Yotsukura from the Asahi Shimbun newspaper was wounded in the leg. Abdul Sami Yousafzai, was more seriously hurt. Missiles apparently fired by US unmanned aircraft in North Waziristan killed at least 12 people, including 9 militants.
    (AP, 11/14/08)(AFP, 11/14/08)(WSJ, 11/15/08, p.A1)

2008        Nov 15, In Afghanistan police thwarted a suicide attack in the eastern city of Khost. Officers surrounded a suspect, who was on foot, and the man detonated the explosives on his body. The would-be attacker died, but no one else was injured. Also in Khost province, coalition and Afghan troops detained a militant leader of the network led by the Afghan insurgent leader Jalaluddin Haqqani. Coalition forces accidentally killed a civilian during a clash with insurgents in Zabul province. The civilian was killed when a grenade fired by coalition forces overshot its target. 30 insurgents were killed during a clash with US-led coalition troops in Helmand province. In eastern Paktia province's Zurmat district coalition troops killed five al-Qaida-associated insurgents and nabbed eight, including a militant leader accused of helping the Taliban move and train Arab and other foreign fighters into Afghanistan. Colour Sergeant Krishnabahadur Dura (36), from 2nd Battalion the Royal Gurkha Rifles, was killed after an explosion in the Musa Qala district of Helmand Province.
    (AP, 11/15/08)(AP, 11/16/08)(AP, 11/17/08)

2008        Nov 16, In Afghan suicide car bombers struck a NATO convoy in the northern Baghlan province and a US convoy in western Herat province. One civilian was killed in the northern attack.
    (AP, 11/16/08)
2008        Nov 16, Pakistan temporarily barred oil tankers and container trucks from a key passageway to Afghanistan, threatening a critical supply route for US and NATO troops and raising more fears about security in the militant-plagued border region. NATO troops in eastern Afghanistan fired 20 artillery rounds at insurgents inside Pakistan in an attack the alliance said was coordinated with the government in Islamabad.
    (AP, 11/16/08)(AP, 11/18/08)
   
2008        Nov 17, In Afghanistan 5 insurgents died in the clash in Farah's Bala Buluk region.
    (AP, 11/18/08)

2008        Nov 18, In Afghanistan insurgents in western Farah province ambushed an Afghan army supply convoy, killing five troops and wounding five others.
    (AP, 11/18/08)

2008        Nov 20, In Afghanistan US-led forces killed an Afghan civilian in a battle that also left two militants dead.
    (AP, 11/23/08)

2008        Nov 21, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber rammed the gate of an army base in the southern province of Zabul, killing three civilians and seriously wounding four Afghan soldiers. A man was killed after being interrogated by the Taliban leadership. US-led troops shot and killed a civilian in Khost when the vehicle he was in came too close to a patrol. 8 wedding-goers were killed when two or three grenades were thrown into the men's section of the wedding in the northern province of Parwan.
    (AP, 11/21/08)(AFP, 11/22/08)

2008        Nov 22, In Afghanistan a French trooper was killed and another wounded when a mine engulfed them about 10 kilometers (six miles) south of Kabul. A bomb exploded in a vegetable market in the eastern town of Khost, killing a 15-year-old boy and a man passing-by. Another bomb blew up a police vehicle in the central province of Ghazni and killed three policemen and wounded two. The bullet-riddled body of Ghais Haqmal, the governor of Marawara district, was found in Kunar province. He had been abducted by Taliban three months ago and the militants had demanded the release of 50 of their jailed comrades in exchange for his life. The US-led military announced that troops had killed 14 insurgents in operations in the southern provinces of Helmand and Farah in the past two days. Afghan and coalition forces killed 17 insurgents in air strikes in the southern province of Kandahar. The government of the central province of Ghazni said its forces had thwarted a Taliban attack on the Ab Band district administration center killing eight gunmen.
    (AFP, 11/22/08)(AFP, 11/23/08)

2008        Nov 24, In eastern Afghanistan US troops killed six militants and detained 12 others in two operations.
    (AP, 11/25/08)

2008        Nov 25, Afghan President Hamid Karzai demanded at a meeting with a UN Security Council team that the international community set a "timeline" for ending military intervention in Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 11/25/08)

2008        Nov 27, In southern Afghanistan 2 British troops were killed after being fired at by insurgents while on patrol. A suicide car bomber targeting an American convoy exploded about 200 yards (meters) outside the US Embassy in Kabul, killing at least four Afghan bystanders as people entered the compound for a Thanksgiving Day race. In northwestern Afghanistan Taliban insurgents killed 13 Afghan troops in an ambush of their convoy. NATO-led troops fired on insurgents inside Pakistan. The artillery attacks killed several insurgents and caused several secondary explosions, indicating the presence of ammunition at the locations. The U.N.'s drug czar said the Taliban and other warlords could clear almost half a billion dollars from Afghanistan's opium trade this year, money that will help finance insurgent attacks.
    (AFP, 11/27/08)(AP, 11/27/08)(AP, 11/28/08)

2008        Nov 28, In Afghanistan US troops killed Haji Yakub, a wanted Taliban commander, who tried to hide from soldiers under a woman's burqa. Afghan and coalition forces killed 33 militants when their patrol came under attack in southern Helmand province. In Kandahar province a three-day NATO-Afghan operation in Zhari district killed 12 militants. Police in Farah province killed four insurgents setting up a makeshift base in a village, apparently aiming to launch strikes on Farah city. Afghan army and police attacked a nine-vehicle convoy, killing four insurgents and wounding another three as other insurgents fled. An Afghan police officer was also killed in the gunbattle in Farah province.
    (AP, 11/29/08)

2008        Nov 29, In Afghanistan a soldier with the NATO-led force shot and killed an Afghan policeman in a car in Lashkar Gah that was driving toward a NATO patrol at high speed.
    (AP, 11/30/08)

2008        Nov 30, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber on foot attacked a German Embassy vehicle in Kabul. No Germans were hurt, but the blast killed two Afghans and wounded three.
    (AP, 11/30/08)

2008        Dec 2, US troops killed 10 Taliban militants during operations in southern and central Afghanistan, while five more witnesses testified at a hearing over allegations that two American soldiers mistreated a detainee.
    (AP, 12/3/08)

2008        Dec 4, In Afghanistan 2 Danish soldiers serving with NATO's force were killed in southern Helmand province. The governor of Afghanistan's key southern Kandahar province said he was sacked by the central government and complained that powerful people in his region had been sabotaging his work. US-led troops killed four militants in Helmand province, after the insurgents fired on a joint US-Afghan patrol.
    (AFP, 12/4/08)(AP, 12/4/08)(AP, 12/5/08)

2008        Dec 5, The leaders of Pakistan and Afghanistan met for Turkish-sponsored talks aimed at reducing tensions over militant attacks along the countries' lawless border.
    (AP, 12/5/08)
2008        Dec 5, In Afghanistan 3 Canadian soldiers were killed by a massive bomb, bringing to 100 the number who have lost their lives since the country's military mission there started in 2002.
    (AP, 12/6/08)

2008        Dec 9, In Afghanistan Mohammad Bobi, a Taliban commander, was killed during a targeted overnight operation just south of Kabul.
    (AP, 12/9/08)

2008        Dec 10, In southern Afghanistan 6 police and a civilian were killed when US-led forces targeting a Taliban commander bombed a police station in Zabul province.
    (AFP, 12/10/08)

2008        Dec 12, In central Afghanistan NATO troops fired on a civilian bus that refused warnings to stop, killing four passengers in Wardak province.
    (AP, 12/12/08)

2008        Dec 13, Britain’s PM Gordon Brown paid a surprise visit to Afghanistan, where he spoke to troops battling the Taliban and held talks with President Hamid Karzai. 3 Canadian soldiers were killed and one wounded in southern Afghanistan when an explosive device detonated near the armored car in which they were riding.
    (AFP, 12/13/08)(Reuters, 12/14/08)
2008        Dec 13, In northwest Pakistan militants attacked a terminal used by vehicles ferrying supplies to US and NATO forces in Afghanistan. Elsewhere in the northwest clashes involving security forces, tribesmen and insurgents killed 8 people, including two children. Authorities found the bodies of 2 Afghan men in Miran Shah. A letter found nearby alleged the men gave information that aided the US in launching missile strikes in the militant-plagued region.
    (AP, 12/13/08)

2008        Dec 14, in Afghanistan a bomb hidden in a wooden cart exploded in Kandahar, killing three police officers and wounding 11 people.
    (AP, 12/14/08)
2008        Dec 14, Pres. George W. Bush visited Baghdad just 37 days before he hands the war off to President-elect Barack Obama, who has pledged to end it. At the end of nearly two hours of meetings, Bush defended the war, now in its sixth year, as a reporter threw his shoes at him. The reporter was later identified as Muntadar al-Zeidi, a correspondent for Al-Baghdadia television, an Iraqi-owned station based in Cairo, Egypt. Bush then traveled to Afghanistan where he spoke to US soldiers and Marines at a hangar on the tarmac at Bagram Air Base.
    (AP, 12/14/08)(AP, 12/15/08)

2008        Dec 15, In Afghanistan a 5-day joint Afghan-NATO operation in Helmand province left 40 militants dead, including the Taliban's leader in that region. Taliban fighters near Lashkar Gah killed two Afghan police officers in a checkpoint attack. One of the attackers also died. A British soldier was killed "as a result of enemy fire" in a separate incident in Helmand. In central Oruzgan province 3 insurgents were killed when a bomb they were planting exploded.
    (AP, 12/15/08)(AP, 12/16/08)
2008        Dec 15, A Pakistani transporters association said truckers are refusing to haul supplies to NATO and US forces in Afghanistan because of mounting attacks along the main route.
    (AP, 12/15/08)

2008        Dec 16, In eastern Afghanistan police and US troops in Khost province killed three insurgents suspected of links to Al-Qaeda, denying local claims that the victims were civilians.
    (AFP, 12/17/08)

2008        Dec 17, The UN said it will double the budget of its Afghan mission next year, taking on hundreds of new staff and opening more offices to meet more "complex" challenges. The UN’s chief in Afghanistan called for international military forces to revise their agreement with the Afghan government to include practices that will better safeguard civilians.
    (AFP, 12/17/08)(AP, 12/17/08)

2008        Dec 19, Three Danish soldiers and one from the Netherlands were killed in separate incidents in Afghanistan, losing their lives just as the commitment of some countries to the fight in Afghanistan begins to wane.
    (AP, 12/19/08)

2008        Dec 20, In Afghan coalition forces killed four armed militants and detained five suspects during an operation in Zabul province. Afghan and coalition troops found and destroyed 2.5 tons of marijuana in an abandoned school in southern Kandahar province.
    (AP, 12/21/08)

2008        Dec 22, In central Afghanistan a car bomb with two attackers exploded near the governor's compound in Ghazni province, killing one Afghan civilian and wounding seven. The two attackers also died.
    (AP, 12/22/08)

2008        Dec 24, In Afghanistan a soldier with the NATO-led force was killed in an insurgent attack in the east of the country. A British soldier was shot dead on Christmas Eve in Helmand province. Cannon fire from a US military base in the northeastern province of Kunar killed four workers when it fell short of its target and hit a road construction compound. The US-led coalition killed two militants and detained two suspects in operations targeting the Taliban in Kapisa province.
    (AFP, 12/24/08)(AFP, 12/25/08)

2008        Dec 25, In southern Afghanistan US coalition forces killed 11 Taliban militants, including the leader of a bomb-making cell, during an operation in Kandahar province.
    (AP, 12/26/08)

2008        Dec 26, In southern Afghanistan a Canadian soldier was killed and three others wounded in a bomb blast. 2 suicide car bombs took place in western Afghanistan, but only the attackers were killed in the blasts. 3 foreigners were wounded in an attack in Herat.
    (AP, 12/27/08)

2008        Dec 27, In southern Afghanistan a suicide attacker detonated a car bomb at a police checkpoint, killing three policemen and two civilian men on a motorbike. 2 Canadian soldiers were killed in a blast in southern Kandahar province. An Afghan policeman and an interpreter also died in the attack in Panjwayi district, a Taliban stronghold about 25 kilometers (15 miles) west of Kandahar city. A member of the Kandahar provincial council was shot dead in a mosque. US troops killed five militants and detained six in operations against extremist networks.
    (AP, 12/27/08)(AFP, 12/28/08)

2008        Dec 28, In Afghanistan 14 children were among 20 Afghans killed in new extremist attacks in Khost province. A remote-controlled bomb exploded outside a music shop in the southern town of Tirin Kot, killing one person and wounding two. In Helmand province soldiers and police killed 7 insurgents as Taliban militants attacked a police post.
    (AFP, 12/28/08)(SFC, 12/30/08, p.A3)

2008        Dec 29, In Afghanistan 5 people were killed and nearly 40 wounded in two bomb blasts, one in Charikar, north of Kabul, and the other in Spin Boldak, on the border with Pakistan.
    (AFP, 12/29/08)

2008        Dec 30, Pakistan closed the main route used to ferry supplies to US and allied troops in Afghanistan after launching a fresh offensive against militants in the area.
    (AP, 12/30/08)

2008        Dec 31, In Afghanistan Taliban militants attacked a district governor's compound in southern Helmand province, killing 20 police guards and fatally shooting the mother of one as she pleaded unsuccessfully for her son's life. Two foreign soldiers helping to fight the extremists were killed in separate incidents. US-led forces killed eight armed Taliban militants in Zabul province.
    (AFP, 1/1/09)(AP, 1/1/09)
2008        Dec 31, In Pakistan tanks, artillery and helicopter gunships continued their attacks in the Khyber Pass. Over the last two days, security forces destroyed 19 suspected militant compounds and arrested 28 Pakistanis. Government troops reportedly killed three militants in the operation to secure the major supply route to US and NATO troops in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 12/31/08)

2008        The population of Afghanistan stood at about 32 million with over half living in poverty. The country suffered its 7th year of drought.
    (SFC, 12/12/08, p.A1)
2008        Nearly 4,000 Afghan civilians were killed this year in insurgency-linked unrest, more than two-thirds in rebel attacks and about 1,100 by foreign forces according to Afghanistan Rights Monitor (ARM). The UN recorded 2,118 civilian deaths in 2008 of which 55% were attributed to the Taliban.
    (AFP, 1/21/09)(Econ, 2/21/09, p.29)
2008        The UN estimated that Afghanistan’s illegal opium trade for this year was worth about $3.4 billion, or 33% of the country’s GDP.
    (Econ, 8/22/09, p.22)

2009        Jan 1, A suicide car bomb exploded near an Afghan and NATO military convoy in the western province of Herat and killed an Afghan policeman. 2 UN staff of the World Food Program and 4 others were kidnapped in Nimroz province by alleged Taliban militants. The 2 UN workers were freed on Jan 27.
    (AP, 1/1/09)(AFP, 1/28/09)
2009        Jan 27, Gunmen abducted 10 Afghan workers in a daring ambush in Herat. 2 local UN staff kidnapped on New Year’s Day by alleged Taliban militants nearly a month ago were freed.
    (AFP, 1/28/09)

2009        Jan 2, Pakistan reopened the main supply route for US and NATO troops fighting in Afghanistan after blocking it for three days during a military operation against militants who have been attacking convoys.
    (AP, 1/2/09)

2009        Jan 4-2009 Jan 5, In Afghanistan 12 insurgents and 11 civilians were killed in fighting in central Uruzgan province.
    (AP, 1/7/09)

2009        Jan 5, In Afghanistan 9 Taliban militants were killed in a gunfight by Afghan and NATO troops in the southern province of Kandahar. 2 gunmen shot a Muslim cleric to death inside a mosque in Kandahar city.
    (AFP, 1/5/09)(AP, 1/6/09)

2009        Jan 6, In southern Afghanistan a NATO serviceman was killed in a hostile incident. In eastern Afghanistan US-led coalition forces killed 32 armed insurgents during a clash in Laghman province. The troops also destroyed two caches of weapons and roadside bomb-making materials that were too unstable to move to another location. Residents reported that some civilians died when buildings collapsed as the cache was destroyed. In western Farah province, Afghan army and coalition troops killed six militants in raid on a compound.
    (AP, 1/6/09)(AP, 1/7/09)

2009        Jan 7, Afghan locals said that operations by the NATO-led force in the southern province of Helmand had killed 19 civilians.
    (AFP, 1/8/09)

2009        Jan 8, Afghan President Hamid Karzai's office said that reports suggested 17 civilians, including women and children, were killed in the Jan 6 US raid in Laghman province. A suicide bomber struck US troops patrolling on foot in southern Afghanistan, killing three civilians, 2 Americans and wounding at least nine others. A coalition strike on a bomb-making network in Zabul killed five militants.
    (AFP, 1/8/09)(AP, 1/8/09)(AP, 1/9/09)(SFC, 1/9/09, p.A10)

2009        Jan 9, In southern Afghanistan a suicide bomber detonated explosives strapped to his body inside a produce shop, killing 10 civilians and 2 policemen. 3 US soldiers were killed in southern Zabul province.
    (AP, 1/9/09)(WSJ, 1/10/09, p.A6)

2009        Jan 11, In northwestern Pakistan security forces repulsed an attack by 600 fighters, most of whom had crossed the border from Afghanistan, leaving at least 40 militants and 6 soldiers dead and scores of others wounded.
    (AP, 1/11/09)(SFC, 1/12/09, p.A8)
2009        Jan 11, Australia's Defense Ministry said its special forces in Afghanistan had killed Taliban commander Mullah Abdul Rasheed, who had been involved in recruiting suicide bombers and foreign fighters in Uruzgan province.
    (AP, 1/11/09)

2009        Jan 14, In Afghanistan 2 British NATO soldiers were killed in a blast in southern Helmand province.
    (AFP, 1/15/09)

2009        Jan 15, In western Afghanistan Gen. Fazaludin Sayar, a top Afghan army general, was killed in a helicopter crash. All 12 others aboard were also killed.
    (AP, 1/15/09)

2009        Jan 16, In Afghanistan 10 people were killed and more than 30 others had to be rescued when avalanches buried their vehicles in the Salang pass north of Kabul.
    (AFP, 1/18/09)
2009        Jan 16, Australia granted asylum to 28 people from Afghanistan and Iran, in the first such move since relaxing tough rules on asylum seekers.
    (AFP, 1/17/09)

2009        Jan 17, In Afghanistan a suicide bomb hit outside the German embassy in Kabul, killing four civilians and wounding dozens of people including a US soldier who later died of his injuries. A 2nd suicide bomber rammed his minibus into a joint convoy of Afghan police and US military in Nangarhar province, killing one Afghan civilian. An American soldier was killed when a helicopter crashed under fire the northeast.
    (AFP, 1/17/09)(SSFC, 1/18/09, p.A4)
2009        Jan 17, The US Department of Defense announced that it transferred six detainees out of Guantanamo, leaving about 245 at the offshore prison. Four detainees were sent to Iraq, one to Algeria and one to Afghanistan. Since 2002, more than 525 detainees have departed Guantanamo. Haji Bismullah (29) of Afghanistan had always insisted that he was no terrorist.
    (AP, 1/18/09)(SFC, 1/19/09, p.A4)

2009        Jan 19, Afghan President Hamid Karzai's office said that Russia is ready to cooperate on defense matters with Afghanistan. The announcement coincided with an increasingly public tussle between Afghan and Western officials.
    (AP, 1/19/09)

2009        Jan 20, In Afghanistan the coalition said a nighttime raid had killed 19 militants, including Mullah Patang, a locally feared leader, during an operation in the Tagab Valley, in Kapisa province just 30 miles (50 kilometers) north of Kabul. The Afghan news agency Pajhwok quoted villagers saying 25 civilians had been killed. On Jan 27 US commanders traveled to the village and distributed $40,000 to relatives of 15 people killed in the US raid. The Americans also apologized for any civilians killed in the operation.
    (AP, 1/21/09)(AP, 1/28/09)
2009        Jan 20, The head of US Central Command said the US has struck deals with Russia and neighboring countries allowing it to transport supplies to American troops in Afghanistan through their territory. US officials have said that one likely route is overland from Russia through Kazakhstan and on through Uzbekistan using trucks and trains. Another possible route is via Azerbaijan across the Caspian Sea to the Kazakh port of Aktau and then through Uzbekistan.
    (AP, 1/20/09)

2009        Jan 21, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber attacked a wedding party in the northern province of Baghlan, wounding five children and a district police chief. A suicide car bomber detonated his explosives near an Afghan army convoy in western Afghanistan, killing two troops.
    (AP, 1/21/09)

2009        Jan 22, NATO's Secretary General Jaap de Hoop Scheffer said President Barack Obama's plan to nearly double American troop numbers in Afghanistan needs to be matched by a similar surge in development workers and aid funding.
    (AP, 1/22/09)
2009        Jan 22, Pres. Obama named George Mitchell as envoy to the Mideast and Richard Holbrook as envoy to Afghanistan and Pakistan.
    (WSJ, 1/23/09, p.A1)

2009        Jan 23, In Afghanistan a NATO soldier died in a bomb blast in the south of the country. Taliban militants attacked a police post in Kandahar province sparking a battle in which three policemen died. A roadside bomb blast struck a joint Afghan army and NATO forces convoy in western Farah province, killing an Afghan soldier and wounding five NATO troops.
    (AFP, 1/24/09)

2009        Jan 24, In eastern Afghanistan US-led coalition forces killed 15 militants in an overnight operation in Laghman province. Local legislators put the number of dead at more than 20 and said they included women and children.
    (AP, 1/24/09)

2009        Jan 25, Afghan President Hamid Karzai condemned a US operation he said killed 16 civilians, while hundreds of villagers in Laghman province denounced the American military during an angry demonstration.
    (AP, 1/25/09)

2009        Jan 27, Gunmen abducted 10 Afghan workers in a daring ambush in Herat. 2 local UN staff, kidnapped on New Year’s Day by alleged Taliban militants, were freed. One captive was already freed, but 3 remained hostage. A roadside bomb struck a vehicle carrying civilians in Kandahar province, killing four and wounding nine.
    (AFP, 1/28/09)(AP, 1/28/09)

2009        Jan 28, A White House official said President Barack Obama will press Afghan President Hamid Karzai to extend government control beyond the capital and fight corruption under a new US policy with a "significant non-military component."
    (AP, 1/28/09)

2009        Jan 29, In southern Afghanistan coalition troops killed four militants in a strike on a bomb-making operation.
    (AP, 1/30/09)

2009        Jan 31, Afghanistan's interior minister announced a US-backed plan to create militias and give them guns to fight the Taliban. It drew criticism from local authorities in areas where the first units are being rolled out. An Afghan tribal leader from southeastern Paktika province was fatally shot by a NATO patrol after the vehicle he was in failed to stop in response to signals from soldiers. A second Afghan was wounded. A Canadian soldier was killed when his armored vehicle hit an explosive device on a road west of Kandahar.
    (AP, 2/1/09)(Reuters, 1/31/09)(AP, 2/4/09)

2009        Feb 1, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber in a car attacked a convoy of foreign troops in Kabul, wounding two Afghans. Afghans demonstrated against an overnight US military raid in Ghazni province that one villager said killed several civilians. The US military said its forces only killed two militants.
    (AP, 2/1/09)

2009        Feb 2, In southern Afghanistan a Taliban suicide bomber in a police uniform detonated his explosives inside a police training center, killing 21 officers and wounding at least 20.
    (AP, 2/2/09)

2009        Feb 3, Sayed Ansari, spokesman for the Afghan National Directorate of Security, said the service has broken up a cell of suicide bombers allegedly responsible for six attacks in Kabul that killed 20 civilians. He also said those arrested had links to a Pakistani-based jihadist group, Harakat ul-Mujahedeen, and Sirajjudin Haqqani, an eastern Afghan insurgent leader.
    (AP, 2/3/09)

2009        Feb 4, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed six bodyguards working for a controversial Afghan district governor in southern Helmand province.
    (AP, 2/5/09)
2009        Feb 4, The British military said an army officer has been arrested in Afghanistan on suspicion of leaking official secrets. Britain’s Sun newspaper said Lt. Col. Owen McNally had leaked figures about civilian deaths in coalition operations to a worker from a human rights group.
    (AP, 2/4/09)

2009        Feb 5, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide car bomb struck a convoy of foreign troops.
    (AP, 2/5/09)

2009        Feb 8, In Afghanistan two American soldiers died when a roadside bomb they were trying to defuse exploded. An Afghan interpreter and a policeman also died in the blast. a roadside bomb ripped through a police vehicle in Khogyani district, near the border with Pakistan, killing two police and wounding three civilians. A suicide bomber attacked a group of Afghan soldiers in southwestern Nimroz province, killing one soldier and two civilians.
    (AP, 2/8/09)(AP, 2/9/09)

2009        Feb 10, In Afghanistan a bomb struck a NATO convoy, killing two soldiers and wounding one. Police spokesman Wazir Pacha said the attack in Khost province was carried out by a suicide bomber in a vehicle. But a NATO spokesman blamed the attack on a roadside bomb.
    (AP, 2/10/09)

2009        Feb 11, In Afghanistan 8 Taliban gunmen wearing suicide vests attacked 3 government buildings in a coordinated assault that killed 20 people in the heart of Kabul just ahead of a planned visit from the new US envoy to the region. A spokesman for the Taliban, said the attacks were in response to the alleged mistreatment of Taliban prisoners in Afghan government jails. In Logar province a roadside bomb exploded near a French military medical team's convoy, killing one French officer and two Afghans. Also in Logar province a helicopter with the US-backed coalition killed five civilians as it responded to ground fire.
    (AP, 2/11/09)

2009        Feb 12, In southern Afghanistan a gunfight between Australian forces and Taliban fighters killed at least 3 children who were caught in the crossfire in Uruzgan province. In 2010 three former Australian commandos faced serious charges in relation to the late-night raid that killed 6 Afghans, including five children. Another two children and two adults were wounded. In 2011 Australia dropped all charges against the three commandos.
    (AP, 2/13/09)(AP, 9/27/10)(AP, 8/30/11)

2009        Feb 13, US envoy Richard Holbrooke held key talks in Afghanistan aimed at stepping up the fight against a Taliban-led insurgency that the top US intelligence chief warned was escalating.
    (AP, 2/13/09)

2009        Feb 14, US envoy Richard Holbrooke met Afghan President Hamid Karzai as part of Washington's push to step up efforts against extremism. The Afghan leader admitted to tensions with its US ally. Marine Sgt. Daniel Hansen was killed while supporting combat operations in Farah province.
    (AP, 2/14/09)(SFC, 2/19/09, p.B4)

2009        Feb 15, Afghan President Hamid Karzai said his government will take part in a US strategic review of the war there in a sign of increased cooperation at a time of strained relations. An appeals court upheld 20-year prison sentences for two men who published a translation of the Quran that drove religious leaders to call for their execution. The controversial text is a translation of Islam's holy book into an Afghan language without the original Arabic verses alongside. A host of Muslim clerics have condemned the translation, which was published in 2007 and handed out for free, as blasphemous and accused its publishers of setting themselves up as false prophets. A coalition airstrike killed Ghulam Dastagir and eight other militants in the village of Darya-ye-Morghab. Dastagir was a powerful Taliban commander who broke a promise to renounce violence after village elders persuaded President Hamid Karzai to free him from prison.
    (AP, 2/15/09)(AP, 2/16/09)

2009        Feb 17, In Afghan a US airstrike reportedly killed six women and two children, despite a recent US-Afghan agreement to increase participation of Afghan forces in US missions, a step aimed at preventing civilian casualties. The US coalition said that the strike in the Gozara district of Herat province killed 15 militants and targeted a leader named Ghulam Yahya Akbari. The US military on Feb 21 said an investigation into a coalition operation Gozara found that 13 civilians were among 16 people killed.
    (AP, 2/18/09)(AP, 2/21/09)

2009        Feb 17, Pres. Obama announced the deployment of 17,000 extra US troops to Afghanistan. Pres. Karzai spoke on the phone with President Barack Obama for the first time.
    (AP, 2/18/09)(http://news.yahoo.com/s/time/20090218/us_time/08599188024600)

2009        Feb 20, US Defense Secretary Robert Gates said up to 20 nations have offered to boost their civilian or military commitments to Afghanistan.
    (AP, 2/20/09)
2009        Feb 20, Kyrgyzstan ordered US forces to depart within six months from an air base key to military operations in Afghanistan, complicating plans to send more troops to battle rising Taliban and al-Qaida violence. A US military official said Uzbekistan will allow non-lethal US military cargo heading to Afghanistan to transit through the country.
    (AP, 2/20/09)

2009        Feb 21, In Afghanistan a battle outside Kandahar killed at least six Taliban fighters. Fighting continued into the next day. An airstrike against militants in Helmand province killed 8.
    (AP, 2/22/09)

2009        Feb 23, In Afghanistan a NATO air strike killed up to 16 militants overnight in Badghis province. In Nimrod province a twin suicide attack killed a policeman outside the counter-narcotics office of the provincial capital of Zaranj. Lt. General Jim Dutton, the deputy NATO force commander, said around 17,000 extra US troops earmarked for Afghanistan will deploy as fast as possible and thousands more are requested for August elections. 3 Afghan children died when a shell blew up. Canada's army later said the children had died after they brought back a Taliban improvised explosive device to their village.
    (AFP, 2/23/09)(AP, 3/2/09)

2009        Feb 24, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed four US troops in the deadliest single attack on international forces this year. Japan said it will pay the salaries of Afghanistan's 80,000 police officers for six months as part of its ongoing financial support for the country. Afghan soldiers killed 18 militants targeting a poppy eradication force in Helmand province. Two soldiers were also killed in the battle. Afghan and coalition forces killed 10 militants in Uruzgan province. A "precision" airstrike was called in, killing most of the militants.
    (AP, 2/24/09)(AP, 2/25/09)

2009        Feb 25, In Afghanistan a remote control bomb planted on a motorcycle exploded in Kandahar city as a convoy of soldiers was passing. Two Afghan bystanders were killed, and eight people, including five soldiers, were wounded. A roadside bomb killed 3 British soldiers in Helmand province. A 4th died from wounds sustained in a firefight.
    (AP, 2/25/09)(WSJ, 2/26/09, p.A1)(AFP, 2/26/09)

2009        Feb 28, Afghan President Hamid Karzai ordered that presidential elections be held by April, months earlier than the August 20 date set by a voting authority, after lawmakers said they would not recognize him as president after May 22. Afghan security soldiers killed four militants in a clash in the southern province of Uruzgan.
    (AP, 2/28/09)(AFP, 3/1/09)

2009        Mar 1, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide car bomb blew up near US-led soldiers, wounding six civilians outside Jalalabad. Attacks in Kandahar province left seven security guards dead. The US-led coalition killed four alleged militants in Kandahar.
    (AFP, 3/1/09)

2009        Mar 3, In southern Afghanistan 3 Canadian soldiers were killed and two wounded in a bomb blast in Arghandab, northwest of Kandahar.
    (AFP, 3/4/09)

2009        Mar 4, In Afghanistan a car bomb exploded outside the main US military base at Bagram and wounded three people. The Taliban claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 3/4/09)

2009        Mar 7, A widow in western Afghanistan burned herself alive in what relatives called a desperate move to escape her miserably poor life.
    (AP, 3/8/09)

2009        Mar 8, Afghan President Hamid Karzai welcomed President Barack Obama's call to identify moderate elements of the Taliban and encourage them to reconcile with the Afghan government. In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb exploded, killing a Canadian soldier and wounding four others in Kandahar province.
    (AP, 3/8/09)(AP, 3/9/09)
2009        Mar 8, Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan carried out their first joint counter narcotics operation.
    (AP, 3/11/09)

2009        Mar 10, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb ripped through a minibus, killing four civilians and wounding six other people in Helmand province. Gunmen in Kandahar killed Jawed Ahmad (23), an Afghan journalist once held by the US military in Afghanistan as an enemy combatant.
    (AFP, 3/10/09)(AP, 3/11/09)(SFC, 3/11/09, p.A3)

2009        Mar 14, In Afghanistan a helicopter-borne special operations mission by US troops and Afghan forces killed five people in Logar province, south of Kabul, sparking an angry protest from villagers who said the victims were civilians. 3 ISAF soldiers were killed including one French and one British soldier.
    (AP, 3/14/09)(AFP, 3/14/09)(AFP, 3/15/09)

2009        Mar 15, In Afghanistan US soldiers killed 5 militants in an operation about 60 kilometers (40 miles) west of Kandahar city. A blast in Nangarhar province killed four US soldiers. 3 Afghan civilians died from bombs in Kabul and Kandahar.
    (AFP, 3/15/09)

2009        Mar 16, In southern Afghanistan two suicide bombers attacked police stations, killing 10 Afghan policemen and 2 civilians, underlining the growing threat from a Taliban-led insurgency. An Australian soldier in a joint Australian-Afghan army patrol was shot dead during a "very intense firefight" with 20 Taliban insurgents in Uruzgan province.
    (AFP, 3/16/09)(AP, 3/17/09)

2009        Mar 17, Afghanistan called for more international help to develop its fledgling and embattled security forces so that it can take on a larger role in "the fight against terrorism."
    (AFP, 3/17/09)

2009        Mar 19, In Afghanistan Helmand MP Dad Mohammad Khan, a key anti-Taliban lawmaker, was killed with four other men when a bomb tore through their vehicle. Australia’s defense chief said a bomb disposal expert was killed trying to defuse a device in Afghanistan, announcing the country's 10th combat death there.
    (AFP, 3/19/09)(AP, 3/19/09)

2009        Mar 20, Afghanistan's top Muslim clerics urged President Hamid Karzai to push ahead with a proposal for talks with the Taliban that would be mediated by Saudi Arabia's King Abdullah. In northern Afghanistan 9 policemen and a district chief were killed in heavy fighting with Taliban insurgents. 4 Canadian troops and a local interpreter were killed in two separate explosions. Another NATO soldier was killed in a "hostile incident" in the south.
    (AP, 3/20/09)(AFP, 3/20/09)(Reuters, 3/21/09)

2009        Mar 21, In Afghanistan 2 separate bombings killed 11 people near the volatile eastern border with Pakistan, marring a festive day throughout the country as citizens celebrated the Persian new year. A bomb detonated by remote control killed five people near a shrine in the country's eastern Khost province as they celebrated Nowruz. North of Khost in Nangarhar province, a suicide bomber in a car blew himself up at a police checkpoint, killing six people, including five civilians and one policeman. In southern Afghanistan NATO killed Maulawi Hassan, a senior Taliban commander, and nine other suspected militants, while the coalition and its Afghan allies suffered an equal number of deaths in separate attacks in the same area.
    (AP, 3/21/09)(AP, 3/23/09)

2009        Mar 22, Afghan and US-led coalition troops killed five suspected militants during a raid in northern Kunduz province. But the local mayor said his house was targeted and that the dead included his cook and driver. A rocket slammed into the main NATO military base at Kandahar airfield, killing a contractor and wounding six others. 2 NATO soldiers were killed in a "hostile incident" in the same region.
    (AP, 3/22/09)(AP, 3/23/09)

2009        Mar 23, US envoy Richard Holbrooke outlined to NATO new plans to beat insurgents in Afghanistan. Taliban fighters ambushed a police patrol in southern Kandahar province's Spin Boldak district, killing eight officers and wounding another. Afghan police and intelligence agents detained five Taliban militants in Oruzgan, including the group's senior commander for the province, Mullah Azizullah. In Kabul Emrose TV’s Fahim Khodamani was arrested for refusing to censor images of women dancing in short skirts and plunging necklines.
    (AFP, 3/23/09)(AP, 3/23/09)(SFC, 3/25/09, p.A4)

2009        Mar 24, NATO troops on a foot patrol shot and killed an Afghan civilian south of Kabul after he ignored their signals to stop as he sped toward them in a car.
    (AP, 3/24/09)

2009        Mar 25, In eastern Afghanistan a roadside bomb ripped through a van carrying civilians on a road used by foreign troops, killing 10 and wounding 7 others in Khost province.
    (AP, 3/25/09)(SFC, 3/26/09, p.A3)

2009        Mar 27, President Barack Obama ordered 4,000 more military troops into Afghanistan, vowing to "disrupt, dismantle and defeat" the Taliban and al-Qaida.
    (AP, 3/27/09)

2009        Mar 28, Afghanistan's president offered support for the new US strategy for the growing conflict in his country, praising increased civil and military aid and highlighting a plan for reconciliation with moderate elements of the Taliban.
    (AP, 3/28/09)

2009        Mar 29, Afghanistan's Supreme Court announced that President Hamid Karzai should remain in office until a new leader is chosen in a late-summer election, a decision that effectively extends his term more than three months.
    (AP, 3/29/09)

2009        Mar 30, In southern Afghanistan a suicide bomber wearing a police uniform blew himself up inside a police headquarters in Kandahar, killing nine people and wounding eight. A roadside bomb killed three police in the eastern province of Paktia.
    (AP, 3/30/09)

2009        Mar 31, At the Hague Afghan President Hamid Karzai and US Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton offered an olive branch to Taliban fighters who reject al-Qaida and pressed an international conference for help in strengthening Afghanistan's security forces.
    (AP, 3/31/09)
2009        Mar 31, In southern Afghanistan foreign and Afghan troops killed 30 Taliban fighters and wounded 17 others during a series of overnight clashes, while a roadside bomb killed the mayor of eastern Khost city. A member of the Kandahar provincial council of religious clerics was shot dead while going home after prayers. A suicide bomber tried to attack a police post on the border with Iran but blew himself up prematurely when police warned him to stop.
    (AP, 3/31/09)(AP, 4/1/09)

2009        Apr 1, Top spokesman Zabihullah Mujahid said Taliban insurgents reject a US offer of "honorable reconciliation," calling it a "lunatic idea" and saying the only way to end the war was to withdraw foreign troops. Suicide attackers stormed provincial council offices in Kandahar city, killing 13 people including 2 provincial officials. The attackers, who wore Afghan military uniforms, were also killed, two in suicide bombings and two shot dead by security forces. Afghan and US coalition troops battled a large group of militants in southern Afghanistan before calling in an airstrike that killed 20 insurgents.
    (Reuters, 4/1/09)(AFP, 4/1/09)(AP, 4/2/09)

2009        Apr 2, Human rights groups and some Afghan lawmakers criticized President Hamid Karzai for signing into law legislation that some believe legalizes the rape of a wife by her husband and prevents women from leaving the house without a man's permission. Article 132 of the law says: "As long as the husband is not traveling, he has the right to have sexual intercourse with his wife every fourth night." Critics said Karzai signed the legislation in the past month only for political gains several months before the country's presidential election. Coalition and Afghan forces killed 12 militants and one civilian in Logar province in a mission that included airstrikes. a member of the NATO-led force was killed in violence in the east. In central Ghazni province, a roadside bomb killed four construction workers, while a battle between militants and police elsewhere in the province killed two militants.
    (AP, 4/2/09)(AP, 4/3/09)

2009        Apr 6, German Chancellor Angela Merkel made an unannounced visit to northern Afghanistan to meet with her country's troops and view rebuilding efforts. She pressed President Karzai to review carefully a new law that critics say legalizes marital rape. In southern Afghanistan an insurgent rocket attack hit the Netherlands' main military base, killing one Dutch soldier and wounding 5 of his colleagues and 2 Afghan soldiers.
    (AP, 4/6/09)

2009        Apr 8, Over 100 Afghan ministers, lawmakers and officials signed a petition opposing a controversial law that critics say legalizes marital rape. The petition said the law is unconstitutional and leads toward the "Talibanization" of Afghanistan's legal system. The petition came as Poland's President Lech Kaczynski held talks in Kabul with Karzai and reiterated his country's plans to increase its troop contribution in the country by 400 over the current 1,600 in Ghazni province. A roadside blast hit a civilian vehicle south of Kandahar city, wounding six civilians. Gen. David McKiernan, top US general in Afghanistan, met with villagers in Helmand and Kandahar. He apologized for past mistakes and said he is now studying the Quran, the Muslim holy book.
    (AP, 4/8/09)(AP, 4/10/09)(SFC, 4/10/09, p.A2)

2009        Apr 9, In southern Afghanistan a suicide bomber attacked a police drug eradication unit, killing five people and wounding 17 others. The Taliban claimed responsibility. Four people were shot dead in the raid overnight in eastern Khost province. The US military later admitted that they were not "armed combatants" as first announced. A nine-months pregnant woman had survived the shooting that killed her unborn child. US soldiers working with Afghan forces killed 15 militants in southern Afghanistan. Afghan and coalition forces killed five "combatants" in Kandahar province's Maywand district. A dozen more insurgents were killed in adjoining Uruzgan province after another attack on an Afghan and coalition patrol.
    (AP, 4/9/09)(AP, 4/10/09)(AFP, 4/10/09)

2009        Apr 10, In southern Afghanistan Taliban attackers killed six policemen. ISAF security troops killed 18 insurgents in the northeastern province of Kunar.
    (AFP, 4/10/09)(AP, 4/12/09)

2009        Apr 11, Rebels ambushed Afghan and foreign forces in Zabul province, sparking an exchange of gunfire that left 22 rebels dead.
    (AFP, 4/12/09)

2009        Apr 12, In Kandahar, Afghanistan, Taliban gunmen on motorbikes gunned down female legislator Sitara Achikzai.
    (AFP, 4/12/09)

2009        Apr 13, Afghan officials said an overnight NATO-led airstrike on a remote village killed six civilians, including two children. Western forces said they killed 4-8 armed militants. In southern Afghanistan Taliban gunmen used a firing squad to kill a young couple for trying to elope, shooting them with rifles in front of a crowd in a lawless, militant-controlled region. A young woman Canadian soldier was killed in southern Afghanistan and four other soldiers were wounded when their armored vehicle hit a roadside bomb.
    (Reuters, 4/13/09)(AP, 4/14/09)(WSJ, 4/14/09, p.A1)(Reuters, 4/14/09)

2009        Apr 14, Afghanistan warned that Pakistan's deal to allow Taliban to impose Islamic law in part of the country may have "dire consequences" for the region and could harm ties between the neighbors.
    (AFP, 4/14/09)

2009        Apr 15, Hundreds of Afghans swarmed a demonstration of more than 100 women protesting against a new marriage law they say restricts wives' rights. The women were pelted with small stones as police struggled to keep the two groups apart. A NATO soldier and 2 Afghan policemen were killed in fresh violence. Taliban insurgents beheaded a government employee on charges of spying for foreign forces in the Bala Murghab district of Badghis province.
    (AP, 4/15/09)(AFP, 4/16/09)

2009        Apr 16, In Afghan a policeman was killed and one wounded in Helmand province. 3 "terrorists" were killed while the bomb they were planting on a road in the Nad Ali district of Helmand went off prematurely. Taliban militants attacked an Afghan counternarcotics police convoy in the Shindand district of western Herat province, sparking a battle which left one policeman dead and two wounded.
    (AFP, 4/16/09)
2009        Apr 16, Five people were killed and dozens wounded when a blast tore apart a boat carrying more than 40 Afghan refugees off Australia's northwest coast. The Australian Broadcasting Corporation later said it was told the refugees had doused the boat in petrol to try to force the navy to land them in Australia and not turn them back to Indonesia, but that the blast was an accident. On Oct 28 two Indonesian fishermen were jailed for five years for smuggling the boat full of Afghan refugees.
    (AFP, 4/20/09)(AFP, 10/28/09)

2009        Apr 17, In Afghanistan two earthquakes shook eastern Nangarhar province, collapsing mud-brick homes on top of villagers while they slept and killing at least 21 people. Two suicide bombers on foot tried to attack the office of the minister of refugees in southern Nimroz province. Guards shot and killed one bomber at the scene of the attempted attack. While fleeing the 2nd bomber detonated his explosives, killing 3 civilians. A Norwegian intelligence officer serving with the nation's peacekeeping force was killed by a roadside bomb near the northern city of Maymana.
    (AP, 4/17/09)

2009        Apr 18, In central Afghanistan NATO-led forces and Afghan troops killed 3 suspected militants during a raid in Logar province, where insurgent attacks have spiked this year. At least two other suspected militants died in an airstrike in southern Kandahar province. A roadside bomb targeting a police vehicle in Kandahar city killed a woman and wounded five other people including three civilians.
    (AP, 4/18/09)

2009        Apr 19, In Afghanistan roadside bomb in Kandahar city killed one police officer and wounded another.
    (AP, 4/20/09)

2009        Apr 20, In southern Afghanistan two police were killed and four others wounded during a clash with insurgents in Zabul province. A roadside bomb in Uruzgan province killed a civilian, while a second roadside bomb in eastern Khost province killed two civilians. Two militants on motorbikes seized the father of Education Minister Farouq Wardak in Wardak province's Sayed Abad district.
    (AP, 4/20/09)(AP, 4/21/09)
2009        Apr 20, New Zealand's PM John Key said that he wants an exit strategy before sending the country's Special Air Service combat troops back to Afghanistan as the US has requested.
    (AP, 4/20/09)

2009        Apr 21, In Afghanistan police in southern Uruzgan province clashed with militants in the Khas Uruzgan district, killing seven suspected insurgents.
    (AP, 4/21/09)

2009        Apr 22, In Afghanistan a cascading collection of deep-blue high-mountain lakes became the country’s first provisional national park, as the violence-plagued nation took a big first step toward protecting one of its finest natural treasures.
    (AP, 4/22/09)

2009        Apr 23, In central Afghanistan international and Afghan troops killed two militants in an overnight raid. Afghan and coalition troops captured three suspected militants in a raid in eastern Logar province. 3 Afghan army soldiers were killed when their vehicle hit a roadside bomb in eastern Paktia province.
    (AP, 4/23/09)(AP, 4/24/09)

2009        Apr 24, In Afghanistan a bomb inside a package left at a checkpoint in Kabul exploded when police opened it, killing one officer. Taliban militants released the father of Afghanistan's education minister after holding him hostage for four days. International and Afghan troops clashed with insurgents in fighting that left at least 12 militants dead.
    (AP, 4/24/09)(WSJ, 4/25/09, p.A1)

2009        Apr 25, In Afghanistan 3 suicide bombers penetrated the governor's compound in Kandahar city, killing at least five police officers in the latest multi-pronged attack in the Taliban's spiritual birthplace. A roadside bomb in the eastern province of Khost killed three border police.
    (AP, 4/25/09)(AP, 4/26/09)

2009        Apr 27, Afghan President Hamid Karzai vowed to change a law critics say legalizes marital rape to remove concerns that it violates human rights. Karzai also announced that he intended to run for re-election in the country's second ever presidential vote on August 20. In Kabul province 12 "terrorists" and a police official were killed during a clash. In the east, a roadside bomb killed four police.
    (AP, 4/27/09)(AP, 4/28/09)

2009        Apr 29, In Afghanistan US-led troops battled militants and announced they killed 42 suspected insurgents. Two attacks on German forces killed one soldier and wounded nine as Germany's foreign minister began a two-day visit to the country.
    (AFP, 4/29/09)(AP, 4/29/09)
2009        Apr 29, Australia announced it will increase by almost one half its troops in Afghanistan to about 1,550 as part of the US-led surge of international forces to bolster the faltering fight against Taliban insurgents.
    (AP, 4/29/09)
2009        Apr 29, Britain’s PM Gordon Brown said it will boost its troops in Afghanistan to 9,000 to help the country through upcoming elections, unveiling a new strategy for Afghanistan and Pakistan.
    (AP, 4/29/09)

2009        May 1, In southern Afghanistan gunmen attacked a troops' convoy as it traveled to a village to talk to elders about security. The troops killed one militant in the initial clash and another 14 as they pursued insurgents who were firing on them from a nearby hillside. 3 Afghan army soldiers were killed in overnight fighting with insurgents in eastern Kunar province. 5 international soldiers, including 2 American, were killed in an insurgent attack.
    (AP, 5/1/09)(AFP, 5/1/09)(SFC, 5/2/09, p.A2)

2009        May 3, Three Afghan men were shot in Kabul by US defense contractors working for Paravant, a subsidiary of Blackwater Worldwide. 2 of the Afghan’s died. In 2010 Justin Cannon (27) and Christopher Drotleff (29) were indicted on charges that included 2nd degree murder. On March 11, 2011, Cannon and Drotleff were convicted of involuntary manslaughter.
    (SFC, 1/8/10, p.A8)(SFC, 3/12/11, p.A9)

2009        May 4, In Afghanistan bombing runs by US-led coalition jets killed dozens of civilians taking shelter from a fierce ground battle between Taliban militants and Afghan and international forces. The US confirmed fighting in western Farah province and opened an investigation into the overnight operation. Over 100 people were killed including 25-30 Taliban. A senior US defense official later said that Marine special operations forces believe that the Afghan civilians were killed by grenades hurled by Taliban militants, who then loaded some of the bodies into a vehicle and drove them around the village, claiming the dead were victims of an American airstrike. On May 20 the US military said at least 20 civilians and 60 insurgents had died in the clash.
    (AP, 5/5/09)(AFP, 5/6/09)(AP, 5/7/09)(AP, 5/20/09)
2009        May 4, An Afghan guard was killed by Australian Robert William Langdon as he worked for US-based private security company Four Horsemen International. A court later heard that Langdon threw a hand grenade into the truck carrying the guard's body and ordered other guards to fire into the air to simulate a Taliban attack. Langdon allegedly admitted killing the Afghan guard during a heated argument about security for a convoy. In October Langdon was convicted of murder and sentenced to death in a court in Kabul. He paid a "sizeable" compensation to the victim's family and the sentenced was reduced to 20 years.
    (AP, 1/27/10)(http://tinyurl.com/ybfe5lu)(AFP, 1/6/11)

2009        May 5, In Afghanistan a shooting followed a car accident in Kabul leaving one Afghan died and two others wounded. Four US contractors for the private security company formerly known as Blackwater were detained for their involvement in the shooting.
    (AP, 5/16/09)

2009        May 7, In southern Afghanistan a suicide bomber blew himself up, killing 21 Afghan civilians and two British soldiers in one of the deadliest such attacks in months. Four British soldiers were killed in attacks in Helmand province. Police fired on a crowd of rock-throwing protesters in western Farah province, who were angry about civilian deaths they blame on American bombing runs.
    (AP, 5/7/09)(AFP, 5/8/09)

2009        May 9, In Afghanistan 2 police died in a roadside blast in Zabul province.
    (AP, 5/10/09)

2009        May 10, In southern Afghanistan a double suicide bomb attack killed 7 people and wounded 20 in the town of Gereshk in Helmand province. The majority of casualties were police and army units responding to the initial attack. A roadside bomb in eastern Nangarhar province killed eight construction workers traveling on a rural road on their way to build a checkpoint for the country's border police. Three Afghan civilians, a truck driver and two assistants, died in a roadside bomb blast in Zabul province while transporting goods to an American base.
    (AP, 5/10/09)

2009        May 11, The US military accused militants in Afghanistan of using white phosphorus munitions in attacks on American forces and in civilian areas, saying it has documented at least 44 incidents of insurgents using or storing the weapons. Doctors began investigating whether dozens of girls were poisoned at a high school in northern Afghanistan after 61 girls went to the hospital because of sudden illness.
    (AP, 5/11/09)
2009        May 11, US Defense Secretary Robert Gates replaced General David McKiernan as the commander of the Afghanistan war, saying the Obama administration needs "fresh thinking" to turn around the war against a resurgent Taliban. Lt. Gen. Stanley McChrystal was named to replace McKiernan.
    (AP, 5/12/09)

2009        May 12, In eastern Afghanistan 11 Taliban suicide bombers attacked government buildings in Khost, sparking running gunbattles that killed at least 20 people and wounded three US troops. US and Afghan troops freed 20 hostages taken by the insurgents. Another 98 Afghan girls were rushed to hospital in the latest in a spate of mysterious poisonings to hit three schools north of Kabul in a fortnight. Militants fired several rockets at two other US military bases in eastern Paktika province. Six militants were killed when US troops used artillery and airstrikes to fire back. Two people not involved in the fight were also killed.
    (AP, 5/12/09)(AFP, 5/12/09)(AP, 5/13/09)

2009        May 13, In Afghanistan a vehicle drove up to the first gate outside Camp Salerno, on the edge of Khost city, and exploded. 7 people were killed and 21 others were wounded. Int’l. troops opened fire on a civilian vehicle in Wardak province, killing a father and his son. A gunbattle between police and Taliban in western Badghis province left one officer dead.
    (AP, 5/13/09)(AFP, 5/13/09)(AP, 5/14/09)

2009        May 14, In southern Afghanistan overnight fighting between Afghan police and insurgents left 11 militants dead in Kandahar province. A British pilot was injured after his jet crashed following takeoff in the same region. French Foreign Minister Bernard Kouchner pledged increased financial support for police and health care following a meeting with President Hamid Karzai. A suicide car bomber struck a police station in Kandahar province's Spinboldak district, leaving only the bomber dead and 5 others wounded.
    (AP, 5/14/09)

2009        May 15, In eastern Afghanistan 2 NATO were killed in fighting with insurgents. In southern Helmand province 22 Taliban militants, including three regional commanders, were killed in overnight fighting.
    (AP, 5/15/09)

2009        May 16, In Afghanistan 6 militants, including a "foreign national," were killed in a clash with troops in Uruzgan province. 5 Taliban insurgents who were preparing suicide vests in a house in central Ghazni province were killed when some of the explosives detonated.
    (AP, 5/17/09)

2009        May 17, In southern Afghanistan militant attacks and a roadside bomb explosion killed 11 policemen and an army soldier in areas plagued by a violent Taliban insurgency.
    (AP, 5/17/09)

2009        May 18, In Afghanistan a group of Afghan army soldiers in Jalalabad opened fire in a market, killing three shopkeepers. Rocket-propelled grenades and machine gunfire rained down on a motorcade carrying Ahmad Wali Karzai, the brother of Afghanistan's president, in an apparent assassination attempt. A bodyguard was killed.
    (AP, 5/18/09)

2009        May 19, In Afghanistan an airstrike by NATO-led forces killed eight Afghan civilians following a battle with militants in southern Helmand province, where Afghan troops also killed 25 militants. This was the beginning of a 4-day operation.
    (AP, 5/20/09)(AP, 5/23/09)

2009        May 20, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb near Kabul killed two Americans, one service member and a civilian. 7 militants died after a firefight and airstrikes in central Ghazni province.
    (AP, 5/20/09)(AP, 5/21/09)

2009        May 21, In Afghanistan two militants were killed and six others detained after a clash in southern Helmand province. A US military statement said US and Afghan forces had seized 16.5 tons of drugs and killed 34 Islamic militants during a 3-day operation in the south.
    (AP, 5/21/09)(SFC, 5/22/09, p.A2)

2009        May 23, In Afghanistan a group of Taliban fighters in Ghazni province ambushed police in a market and one civilian was killed in the firefight. The US military updated earlier reports and said international and Afghan forces have killed 60 militants and seized 102 tons (92 metric tons) of opium poppy seeds, drugs and chemicals during a four-day operation in southern Helmand province. A British soldier with the NATO-led alliance was killed in a bomb blast in the insurgency-hit south of the country.
    (AP, 5/23/09)(AFP, 5/24/09)

2009        May 24, In Afghanistan US troops detained 4 suspected Al-Qaida members during a raid in Khost province.
    (SFC, 5/25/09, p.A2)

2009        May 25, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed four civilians in Zabul province. An operation by US-led forces against a Taliban commander left 3 people dead and a woman and child wounded in Helmand province. US forces killed eight Taliban fighters in a clash Uruzgan province. 2 coalition troops and 3 Afghan policemen were wounded during the clash.
    (AP, 5/25/09)(AP, 5/26/09)

2009        May 26, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber rammed an explosives-rigged car into a military convoy in eastern Kapisa province, killing three American soldiers and three Afghan civilians. In the eastern Logar province US and Afghan troops called in airstrikes on two groups of militants, killing 13 insurgents. In eastern Khost province, a convoy of Afghan and American troops killed the driver of a car when the vehicle did not slow down in response to shouts to stop and warning shots.
    (AP, 5/26/09)

2009        May 27, In Afghanistan air strikes, gunbattles and attacks killed 28 people across the country, including a government official shot dead with three of his sons near the Pakistani border. Mohammad Nader, governor of the Omna district in the eastern province of Paktika, was travelling with his family to go back home near the Pakistan border when armed insurgents attacked.
    (AFP, 5/27/09)

2009        May 28, In eastern Afghanistan US coalition troops attacked a suspected foreign fighter camp, killing 34 insurgents, including Arabs and Pakistanis, in an intense firefight in Paktika province. In southern Afghanistan US-led coalition forces killed 35 militants and wounded 13 others during a clash. Insurgents in Zabul province killed eight truck drivers ferrying supplies for foreign troops. A NATO soldier died after a roadside bomb attack in the south.
    (AP, 5/28/09)(AP, 5/29/09)
2009        May 28, A ship packed with Afghan migrants sank off Indonesia's western coast, killing at least 9 people and leaving 11 others missing.
    (AP, 5/28/09)(AP, 5/29/09)

2009        May 29, In Afghanistan five militants were killed in an operation in the Musa Qala region of southern Helmand province. Six militants were killed during a battle with police in the western province of Farah. Two would-be suicide attackers were shot and killed in Herat. In Kandahar province a roadside bomb killed four civilians.
    (AP, 5/30/09)

2009        May 30, In western Afghanistan an overnight battle in a militant-controlled region of Badgis province killed 30 insurgents and nine Afghan soldiers, while a roadside bomb in northern Kunduz province wounded an Afghan governor. A militant attack on a police checkpoint in Farah province killed four police.
    (AP, 5/30/09)(AP, 5/31/09)

2009        May 31, Afghan and NATO troops killed 18 Taliban militants after insurgents attacked a joint patrol in Farah province. In southern Afghanistan a US service member died of non-combat-related injuries.
    (AP, 5/31/09)

2009        Jun 1, The US military announced the death of US service member the previous day from non-combat-related injuries in southern Afghanistan by posting the news on Twitter hours before announcing it in a more formal press statement. Officials said the US military in Afghanistan is launching a Facebook page, a YouTube site and feeds on Twitter as part of a new communications effort to reach readers who get their information on the Internet rather than in newspapers. Mullah Mansur was killed in a strike by helicopters in Helmand province.  4 US soldiers were killed by 2 roadside bombs in Wardak province.
    (AP, 6/1/09)(AP, 6/2/09)(SFC, 6/2/09, p.A3)
2009        Jun 1, Belgian PM Herman Van Rompuy vowed to double civilian aid to Afghanistan and welcomed plans to increase non-military assistance during a visit to Kabul.
    (AP, 6/1/09)

2009        Jun 2, Six Afghan family members, including two children, were killed in an explosion close to the US Bagram military base outside Kabul. The Ministry of Interior said that suspected insurgents carried out a suicide bombing against the family while they were traveling in a car. Afghan and coalition forces attacked a residential compound in Wardak province, killing six militants. The men were said to be connected to a militant commander blamed for multiple attacks. In eastern Afghanistan insurgents killed a soldier serving with NATO. A convoy in Paktia province was hit by a blast that killed one security guard. A second improvised explosive device then ripped through the convoy and killed nine guards in another vehicle. An American soldier and an Afghan interpreter were killed by a roadside bomb also in Paktia province. 11 Taliban militants were killed in a joint operation in Zabul province. 2 policemen were killed and five others were wounded in a roadside bomb blast in southern Kandahar province.
    (AP, 6/2/09)(AP, 6/3/09)(SFC, 6/4/09, p.A3)

2009        Jun 3, Five Afghan private security guards escorting a supply convoy in Kandahar province were killed in a suicide bombing near the southern border with Pakistan.
    (AP, 6/3/09)

2009        Jun 4, In Afghanistan insurgents killed three US soldiers in a bomb and small-arms attack on their vehicle in Kapisa province, considered a stronghold of insurgents loyal to Afghan warlord Gulbuddin Hekmatyar. A man was killed in Nangarhar by a bomb he was trying to plant inside a university faculty. Police found the body of Yeiya Mulaye Azhar, a candidate in the provincial elections in Wardak province. he had been kidnapped 11 days earlier.
    (AP, 6/4/09)(AP, 6/5/09)(SFC, 6/5/09, p.A2)

2009        Jun 5, Three Afghan children were killed by a mortar left over from a battle between police and Taliban. Two roadside bombs exploded an hour apart in separate areas of the eastern province of Nangarhar, killing six policemen. Heavy fighting erupted in eastern Khost when militants attacked a compound where foreign troops were based. At least 15 militants were killed at the site in the Sabari district. A policeman and a militia soldier contracted to the US military were also killed. Police killed three Taliban militants in the neighboring province of Paktia overnight. Afghan and US-led coalition forces killed two "opposition commanders" in the southern province of Kandahar. Another four militants were killed in incidents in Farah province in the south and Paktika in the east.
    (AFP, 6/5/09)(AP, 6/6/09)

2009        Jun 6, In Afghanistan a suicide bomb rocked the southern town of Spin Boldak killing four people as clashes claimed the lives of another 12 in a fresh wave of insurgent violence. Taliban militants ambushed a private security company in the southwestern province of Nimroz, killing three armed guards and wounding one.
    (AFP, 6/6/09)

2009        Jun 7, A joint Afghan and US-led coalition operation against insurgents in southern Zabul province killed more than 20 Taliban fighters. After the operation a roadside bomb exploded and killed one Afghan policeman as the forces were returning to base. A militant ambush in northwest Faryab province killed four policemen. Another Taliban attack in the eastern province of Paktika killed the police chief in Sarhawza district. Militants elsewhere in Paktika ambushed a truck of private security guards, killing four of them.
    (AP, 6/7/09)

2009        Jun 9, In northeastern Afghanistan a grenade explosion in a crowded bazaar near a convoy of US Army troops in Kunar province killed 2 people and wounded about 50, many of them children. Three US troops were wounded in the blast. In western Ghor province a US military airstrike failed to kill Mullah Mustafa, a militant commander with reported links to Iran's elite military Quds Force. Ghor deputy Gov. Karimuddin Rezazada later said that 10 civilians, including five children, and 12 militants were killed in the airstrikes in Shahrak district. An Afghan official said a three-day operation against Taliban fighters in southern Uruzgan province killed 30 militants.
    (AP, 6/9/09)(AP, 6/10/09)(AP, 6/11/09)

2009        Jun 10, In Afghanistan clashes in the north killed 12 insurgents and one Afghan soldier. The fighting spanned three villages in Baghlan province. Afghan and NATO forces in western Baghdis "killed and wounded a significant number of insurgents." No figures were given.
    (AP, 6/11/09)

2009        Jun 11, In eastern Afghanistan NATO mortar rounds killed two Afghan civilians during a clash with insurgents. Two died later of their injuries while undergoing treatment. A bomb blast killed a British soldier near Kandahar. Four other Afghan civilians died in Kunar when a truck collided with a NATO vehicle.
    (AP, 6/12/09)

2009        Jun 12, In Afghanistan a suicide car bomber hit a fleet of fuel tankers intended for a NATO base in Helmand province, killing eight Afghans and wounding 21. A British soldier was killed Helmand in an explosion during an operation in Sangin district.
    (AP, 6/13/09)

2009        Jun 13, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb struck a vehicle travelling between the eastern provinces of Paktya and Khost, near the border with Pakistan, and killed three Afghan construction workers.
    (AFP, 6/13/09)

2009        Jun 14, Afghanistan’s Interior Minister Hanif Atmar said more than 250 people, many of them militants and some foreign insurgents, were killed during attacks by the Taliban in 25 of Afghanistan's 34 provinces last week. Police and civilians were also among the dead. He also warned that Islamist militants would attempt to sabotage the August 20 presidential election.
    (Reuters, 6/14/09)

2009        Jun 15, US Gen. Stanley McChrystal formally assumed command of American and NATO troops in Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 6/16/09, p.A2)
2009        Jun 15, Leaders from Central Asia, China and Afghanistan joined Russia's President Dmitry Medvedev at a summit. Members of the six-nation Shanghai Cooperation Organization (China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan) and leaders of observer nations (Iran, Pakistan, India and Mongolia) met in the Ural Mountains city of Yekaterinburg for two days of talks that are expected to include extensive discussions of Afghanistan.
    (AP, 6/15/09)

2009        Jun 17, In southern Afghanistan 3 Danish soldiers were when a bomb exploded as their vehicle passed down Highway 1 heading toward the town of Barakhzai in Helmand province.
    (AFP, 6/17/09)
2009        Jun 19, New York Times reporter David S. Rohde (41) escaped from kidnappers in Pakistan after more than seven months in captivity and was flown to Bagram Air Base in Afghanistan the next day.
    (AP, 6/21/09)

2009        Jun 18, In southern Afghanistan a bomb strapped to a parked bicycle exploded near a construction office in Kandahar city, killing one employee and a child about 11 years old. Afghan and International forces killed 16 Taliban militants in a gunbattle in Uruzgan province. One police officer also died in the fighting.
    (AP, 6/18/09)(AP, 6/19/09)

2009        Jun 19, In Afghanistan a university student in Kandahar City was found dead with his throat cut in a side room of a mosque where he had gone to study. A British soldier with the NATO-led International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) was killed in an explosion while on patrol near the town of Lashkar Gah in the southern province of Helmand. A roadside bomb tore through a car in the western province of Herat, killing six members of a family. 26 Taliban were killed in an air strike conducted by foreign forces near Lashkar Gah. 7 other insurgents were killed elsewhere in Helmand.
    (AP, 6/19/09)(AFP, 6/20/09)

2009        Jun 20, In eastern Afghanistan one soldier serving with the US-led coalition was killed in an insurgent attack.
    (AFP, 6/20/09)

2009        Jun 21, In Afghanistan a rare rocket attack on Bagram Air Base, the main US base, killed two US troops and wounded six other Americans, including two civilians.
    (AP, 6/21/09)

2009        Jun 22, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber on a motorbike killed 7 civilians when he drove into the center of eastern Khost city and set off explosives. In Kandahar province another suicide bomber killed 3 Afghan soldiers in an attack on a convoy of troops inspecting a highway bridge for explosives. In eastern Nangarhar province, an explosion at a weapons cache killed a 6-year-old boy and wounded 20 others. A major clash in the southwestern province of Farah left nine militants and two Afghan troops dead.
    (AP, 6/22/09)(AP, 6/23/09)

2009        Jun 23, In Afghanistan 3 German soldiers were killed when their patrol near the northern city of Kunduz came under fire. A suicide car bombing targeting a US-led military convoy in the eastern province of Ghazni killed two passers-by. Also in Ghazni, Taliban ambushed a police convoy, killing a policeman. 3 Afghan aid workers were killed in a roadside bombing in the northern province of Jawzjan. Another blast killed three policeman just outside the southern city of Kandahar. Afghan and coalition forces killed 23 suspected Taliban fighters in a clash in southern Uruzgan province. Mullah Ismail, a Taliban commander in the region, was killed during the clash. A box of leaflets dropped from a British plane killed a girl.
    (AFP, 6/23/09)(AP, 6/24/09)(AP, 9/30/09)

2009        Jun 27, The United States announced a new drug policy for opium-rich Afghanistan, saying it was phasing out funding for eradication programs while significantly increasing its funding for alternate crop and drug interdiction efforts. Insurgent bomb attacks in Afghanistan killed a provincial deputy police chief and two civilians as Taliban militants stormed a checkpoint overnight and killed eight policemen. President Hamid Karzai called on Taliban and other militants to "vote for the president they want" in Afghanistan's presidential election, while a Taliban spokesman said militants would "disrupt" the vote without harming civilians.
    (AP, 6/27/09)(AFP, 6/27/09)

2009        Jun 28, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide car bomber attacked a police vehicle in Nangarhar province, killing a child nearby and wounding nine people, including four policemen.
    (AP, 6/28/09)

2009        Jun 29, In Afghanistan gunfire broke out after Afghan forces moved into a heavily protected government complex in Kandahar and demanded the release of a man accused of forging documents who was being held there. When the Afghan forces threatened to release the suspect by force, the provincial police chief was called in to talk. Among the officials killed were provincial police chief Matiullah Qati and the province's criminal investigations director. Total death tolls from Afghan officials ranged from between five and 10 police killed. 41 private guards were disarmed and arrested. They were to be sent to Kabul for a military trial.
    (AP, 6/29/09)

2009        Jun 30, Navy Adm. James Stavridis replaced Army Gen. Bantz J. Craddock at a change of command ceremony at the US military's Patch Barracks near Stuttgart attended by US Defense Secretary Robert Gates and Adm. Mike Mullen, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Stavridis, as the new head of the US European Command and NATO's top military leader, said quelling the Afghan insurgency would take more than bullets, calling for efforts to rebuild roads, schools and farms to win local support against the Taliban. A US soldier went missing and was believed captured by insurgents in eastern Afghanistan. He was later identified as Pfc. Bowe R. Bergdahl (23) of Ketchum, Idaho.
    (AP, 6/30/09)(AP, 7/2/09)(AP, 7/19/09)

2009        Jul 1, In southern Afghanistan an explosion killed two NATO troops and wounded six others.
    (AP, 7/1/09)

2009        Jul 2, Thousands of US Marines poured from helicopters and armored vehicles into Taliban-controlled villages in southern Afghanistan in Operation Khanjar (Strike of the Sword), the first major operation under President Barack Obama's strategy to stabilize the country. A parallel British operation, Panchai Palang (Panther’s Claw), fought the Taliban for control of the Nad Ali district. The Taliban responded with their own Operation Foladi (Iron Net).
    (AP, 7/2/09)(AP, 7/6/09)(Econ, 7/11/09, p.40)

2009        Jul 3, US Marines moved into villages in Taliban strongholds in southern Afghanistan, meeting little resistance as they tried to win over local chiefs on the second day of the biggest military operation here since the fall of the Taliban government in 2001. In southeast Afghanistan two US soldiers were killed when their base came under attack. The attack included an attempted suicide truck bombing of the base in the Zirok district of southeastern Paktika province. As many as 30 Taliban insurgents might have been killed when troops called in air strikes.
    (AP, 7/3/09)(AP, 7/6/09)
2009        Jul 3, A top Kremlin aide said Russia will allow the US to ship weapons across its territory to Afghanistan, in a gesture aimed at bolstering US military operations and improving strained ties between Washington and Moscow.
    (AP, 7/3/09)

2009        Jul 4, In Afghanistan insurgent attacks in Helmand province killed 3 British soldiers. Gunmen in the east abducted 16 mine-clearing personnel working for the United Nations as they traveled between Paktia and Khost provinces.
    (Reuters, 7/4/09)(AP, 7/5/09)(AP, 7/6/09)

2009        Jul 6, In northern Afghanistan four US soldiers were among six people killed by a roadside bomb in Kunduz province. Two Americans were killed in a roadside blast in southern Afghanistan. An American soldier died in a firefight with militants in the east. In southern Kandahar, a suicide bomber killed two people when he drove a car packed with explosives toward a line of truck drivers waiting to supply foreign troops. The Taliban movement said they had launched a guerrilla operation to thwart a major assault by newly deployed US Marines on their Helmand strongholds. 3 NATO troops died in a helicopter crash in Zabul province.
    (AP, 7/6/09)(AFP, 7/6/09)(AP, 7/7/09)

2009        Jul 7, In eastern Afghanistan a hand grenade thrown at a police vehicle exploded in a crowd, killing one civilian and wounding 28 others in Khost province. A British soldier died in an explosion in Helmand province. He was the 7th British soldier killed in Afghanistan in a week. Hundreds of insurgents attacked police posts and a government building in eastern Nuristan province. The attacks continued into the next day leaving 6 policemen and 21 insurgents dead. (AP, 7/7/09)(AP, 7/8/09)

2009        Jul 8, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb attack killed two NATO soldiers.
    (AP, 7/9/09)

2009        Jul 9, An Afghan government spokesman said President Hamid Karzai has pardoned five heroin smugglers, at least one of them a relative of a man who heads Karzai's campaign for re-election next month. A truck rigged with explosives blew up near Kabul killing 25 people including 13 primary school students. Militants attacked a district headquarters in the southern province of Zabul, sparking a clash in which 15 Taliban were killed. 30 insurgents planting bombs in a road in Zabul were killed in an Afghan military ambush. Overnight clashes with troops killed 27 suspected militants in Helmand.
    (Reuters, 7/9/09)(AFP, 7/9/09)

2009        Jul 10, In Afghanistan 8 British soldiers were reported killed over the last 24 hours. A US service member wounded in June in Afghanistan died in the US.
    (AP, 7/11/09)(AP, 7/12/09)

2009        Jul 11, In Afghanistan bomb blasts killed 2 US Marines in Helmand province. At least six police officers were killed by roadside bombs, two in southern Helmand province and at least four south of Kabul in Logar province. In a gunbattle in eastern Paktia province between insurgents and Afghan police, two militants and one police officer were killed.
    (AP, 7/12/09)(SFC, 7/13/09, p.A3)

2009        Jul 13, In southern Afghanistan 2 US Marines were killed in a hostile incident. An insurgent attack in eastern Nuristan province killed a US soldier. The police chief of Jalrez district in Wardak province was killed along with 3 officers in a roadside blast.
    (AP, 7/14/09)(SFC, 7/14/09, p.A3)

2009        Jul 14, In Afghanistan a NATO-contracted helicopter was shot down killing six Ukrainian crew members on board and an Afghan child on the ground in Helmand province. A roadside bomb killed one Italian soldier and wounded three others in western Afghanistan. Another roadside blast hit a civilian vehicle in Uruzgan province, killing three people and wounded six others. US coalition and Afghan forces searched compounds in Kandahar and found bomb-making materials, mortar rounds, AK-47 rifles, rocket-propelled grenades and 100 pounds (45 kilograms) of opium.
    (AP, 7/14/09)(SFC, 7/15/09, p.A2)(AP, 7/26/09)

2009        Jul 15, In Afghanistan at least 4 civilians were killed and 13 were wounded in a late night airstrike on the southern village of Shawalikot. 3 police were killed by a suicide car bomber in Nimroz province, and two Afghan army soldiers died in two other attacks in the south. NATO forces killed two insurgents in an attack in the east.
    (AP, 7/16/09)(http://news.yahoo.com/s/mcclatchy/20090717/wl_mcclatchy/3274354)

2009        Jul 16, In southeastern Afghanistan local Taliban commanders threatened to kill a captured American soldier unless the US military stops operations in Ghazni province's Giro district and Paktika province's Khoshamand district. The British soldier was killed during a foot patrol near Gereshk in southern Helmand province.
    (AP, 7/16/09)(AP, 7/17/09)

2009        Jul 17, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb tore through a vehicle, killing a British soldier and 11 civilians, including five children. In Nangarhar province, a gunfight broke out between Taliban fighters and local civilians after militants fired at an Afghan army officer who had come to visit his relatives. 3 militants and two civilians were killed and one civilian was missing. Eleven militants were captured, eight of them Pakistanis.
    (AP, 7/17/09)(AP, 7/18/09)(SFC, 7/18/09, p.A2)

2009        Jul 18, In Afghanistan a US Air Force F-15E Strike Eagle fighter jet crashed in central Ghazni, killing the two crew members. A suicide driver blew up his explosive-laden vehicle next to an Afghan army convoy in Zabul province, killing three soldiers and wounding three others. 35 militants were killed during a joint operation by Afghan and coalition troops in the Shah Walk Kot district of Kandahar province. In Nangarhar province a suicide bomber attacked the Afghan-Pakistan border crossing at Torkham, killing a border police officer and a civilian.
    (AP, 7/18/09)(AP, 7/19/09)

2009        Jul 19, In southern Afghanistan a Russian-owned civilian Mi-8 helicopter crashed and burst into flames shortly after takeoff from the  Kandahar NATO base, killing 16 civilians in the latest in a string of deadly aircraft crashes in the country. Gunmen killed a candidate for provincial council in Kunduz province as he was traveling to a campaign event. The US military denounced the release of a video showing a soldier captured in Afghanistan, describing the images as Taliban propaganda that violated international law. 3 civilians were killed when German troops opened fire on their pickup truck. In Farah province, a van full of civilians hit a roadside bomb, killing 11 people on board, including a child and his mother. A British soldier was killed by an explosion while on a foot patrol in the Sangin region of Helmand province.
    (AP, 7/19/09)(Reuters, 7/19/09)(AP, 7/20/09)

2009        Jul 20, In Afghanistan 10 Taliban were killed and three other militants wounded while making bombs in a house in Ghazni province. A roadside bomb killed 4 US soldiers.
    (AP, 7/21/09)(SFC, 7/21/09, p.A3)

2009        Jul 21, In Afghanistan Taliban militants attacked three government buildings in Gardez and a US base near Jalalabad and  in near-simultaneous attacks, a signature of major Taliban assaults. 8 insurgents and 5 Afghan security forces died. Canadian troops were involved in two shooting incidents in southern Afghanistan, killing a girl and wounding three policemen. Afghan authorities said later that police arrested 7 would-be suicide bombers, who would have inflicted mayhem in further coordinated strikes.
    (AP, 7/21/09)(AP, 7/23/09)(AFP, 7/25/09)

2009        Jul 22, Officials said Afghanistan was repositioning forces to the south after complaints too few are involved in major US and British offensives against the Taliban. A convoy belonging to a minor presidential candidate, former Taliban commander Mullah Salam Rocketi, was ambushed as he returned to Kabul after campaigning in northern Baghlan and one of his campaign officials was killed.
    (Reuters, 7/22/09)

2009        Jul 23, In Afghanistan an operation conducted by US-led coalition forces in the Baidar area of Gelan district killed eight Taliban, five of them foreigners.
    (AFP, 7/24/09)

2009        Jul 24, In Afghanistan four Taliban were killed in a clash with foreign forces In northern Balkh province. Fighting killed two US soldiers. NATO troops came under fire in the east and one NATO soldier was killed. Air strikes followed killing several insurgents. Up to 12 insurgents were killed in a gun battle with US-led troops in the eastern province of Nangarhar.
    (AFP, 7/24/09)(AP, 7/25/09)

2009        Jul 25, In Afghanistan 7 suicide bombers tried to storm state targets in Khost, killing one civilian and wounding others in the third Taliban commando raid in a week. A British soldier was killed when a bomb exploded in southern Helmand province. A US service member died during a clash with insurgents in the south. Afghan elders struck the first local truce with Taliban insurgents in northwestern Badghis province after nearly three weeks of talks.
    (AFP, 7/25/09)(AP, 7/26/09)(AP, 7/27/09)

2009        Jul 26, It was reported that Marines in Helmand working alongside DEA-mentored Afghan police seized 297 tons of poppy seeds, 77 pounds (35 kilograms) of heroin and 300 pounds (135 kilograms) of opium in raids in mid-July. Some 1,200 pounds (550 kilograms) of hashish and 4,225 gallons (16,000 liters) of chemicals used to convert opium to heroin were also seized.  5 insurgents were killed in a clash in Kandahar.
    (AP, 7/26/09)(AP, 7/27/09)

2009        Jul 27, Afghanistan’s President Hamid Karzai said he wants new rules governing the conduct of US-led forces in Afghanistan and would be willing to talk with Taliban leaders who publicly renounce violence and endorse peace. The British government announced the end of the first phase of Operation Panther's Claw against the Taliban in southern Afghanistan, saying it now needs to hold and build on the ground it has cleared of insurgents. A Taliban rocket killed 4 civilians at home in the central province of Ghazni overnight. A civilian was killed in a bomb blast in eastern Khost province. The US military in Afghanistan said it has stopped releasing body counts of insurgents believed killed in operations because the tolls distract from the US objective of protecting Afghans.
    (AP, 7/27/09)(AFP, 7/27/09)

2009        Jul 28, The top UN official in Afghanistan urged the Taliban not to disrupt elections, as militants killed nine people, ambushed a presidential campaign manager and fired rockets into a UN compound.
    (AP, 7/28/09)
2009        Jul 28, Richard Holbrooke, the US special envoy to Afghanistan and Pakistan, said in Brussels that Taliban militants are receiving more funding from sympathizers abroad than from Afghanistan's illegal drug trade. NATO military officials in Afghanistan have estimated that the Taliban raise between $60-$100 million a year from the trade in illegal narcotics.
    (AP, 7/28/09)
2009        Jul 28, A majority of people in Britain see the Afghan war as impossible to win, according to a new poll taken amid steeply rising casualties and growing government emphasis on finding a political solution to the conflict.
    (AP, 7/28/09)

2009        Jul 30, The Taliban urged Afghans to stay away from the Aug. 20 elections, dismissing the balloting as an "American process" and threatening to block roads to polling stations. In western Afghanistan a Taliban ambush on a NATO convoy left nine insurgents and a policeman dead. A Taliban unit ambushed a convoy of electoral material in Farah province. Insurgents killed four Afghan soldiers in the gunbattle but the ballots and other voting material were retrieved.
    (AP, 7/30/09)(AP, 7/31/09)

2009        Jul 31, In Afghanistan a US service member died in the south of the country. In Geneva the UN issued a report stating that the number of civilians killed in conflict in Afghanistan has jumped 24% so far this year, with bombings by insurgent and airstrikes by international forces the biggest single killers.
    (AP, 7/31/09)

2009        Aug 1, In Afghanistan 3 US troops were killed by improvised explosives in Kandahar province and a French soldier was killed in an insurgent attack in Kapisa province. Two more ISAF troops were killed when two bomb blasts struck their patrol in the south. A dozen rebels were killed in a gunfight with police in the southwestern province of Nimroz. 4 Afghan soldiers were killed when their vehicle struck a roadside bomb planted by "terrorists" in southern Helmand province. 3 policemen including a senior officer were killed when their vehicle struck a roadside bomb in the northern province of Baghlan.
    (AFP, 8/1/09)(AFP, 8/2/09)

2009        Aug 2, In eastern Afghanistan 3 American soldiers died in a complex militant ambush, raising NATO's two-day August death toll to nine and continuing the bloodiest period of the eight-year war for US and allied troops.
    (AP, 8/2/09)

2009        Aug 3, In Afghanistan a bomb hidden in a rubbish bin exploded near a police convoy in Herat, killing 12 people, including a woman and a girl and 2 police officers, as a wave of Taliban violence gripped the nation ahead of elections. An ambush in Faryab province killed an Afghan driver, but his passenger, a Korean engineer, escaped without injury.
    (AFP, 8/3/09)(SSFC, 8/2/09, p.A2)
2009        Aug 3, Anders Fogh Rasmussen, a former Danish prime minister, took office as NATO's new secretary-general. He said his top priorities would be guiding the war in Afghanistan to a successful conclusion, repairing ties with Russia, and expanding NATO's partnership with moderate nations in North Africa and the Middle East.
    (AP, 8/3/09)

2009        Aug 4, In Afghanistan a string of rockets slammed into Kabul at daybreak in the first major attack on the relatively calm Afghan capital in the run-up to this month's presidential election. A child and a man were lightly wounded when they were hit by flying glass in residential areas next to the airport, where most of the rockets landed. A suicide bomber killed five people and wounded 18 in southern Zabul province.
    (AP, 8/4/09)
2009        Aug 4, NATO's governing body approved a plan to reorganize the alliance's command structure in Afghanistan by setting up a new headquarters to handle the day-to-day running of the war.
    (AP, 8/4/09)

2009        Aug 5, Outraged southern Afghan villagers said that a pre-dawn airstrike by foreign troops killed three children and a man in the latest case of civilian deaths at the hands of Western troops. A US military spokeswoman said a helicopter had fired on four insurgents carrying jugs on motorcycles through a field away from a populated area of the local district, Arghandab. In eastern Nangarhar province a roadside bomb killed two tribal elders and four armed guards. Across southern Afghanistan roadside explosions and a US airstrike killed at least 15 people, including members of a family who hit a mine on their way to a wedding party.
    (AP, 8/5/09)(AP, 8/6/09)

2009        Aug 6, In western Afghanistan four American service members were killed in a roadside bombing. 3 British paratroopers were killed after their armored vehicle was hit by a roadside bomb and Taliban opened fire during a patrol with Afghan forces north of Lashkar Gah in Helmand province. Roadside bombs killed 5 policemen in Kandahar's Arghandab district. An airstrike in Zabul province killed 3 suspected militants who were planting a bomb on a road.
    (AP, 8/6/09)(AP, 8/7/09)

2009        Aug 7, In eastern Afghanistan an American service member was killed in an attack on a convoy. A blast in Kandahar's Zhari district killed an Afghan guard escorting a NATO supply convoy.
    (AP, 8/7/09)

2009        Aug 8, NATO helicopters wounded five Afghan police by mistake during a battle with insurgents in Ghazni province. A British soldier, serving with NATO's International Security Assistance Force (ISAF), was killed by an improvised explosive device (IED). A US soldier was killed in the south in a hostile fire incident.
    (Reuters, 8/8/09)(AFP, 8/9/09)(AP, 8/11/09)

2009        Aug 9, In Afghanistan a suicide attacker in a bomb-filled vehicle blew up close to a US-led coalition military convoy in Nangarhar province, but did no harm to the troops. 3 Afghan army soldiers were killed after their vehicle was struck by a roadside bomb in Shahjoy district, Zabul province. A US soldier was killed in the south in a hostile fire incident.
    (AFP, 8/9/09)(AP, 8/11/09)

2009        Aug 10, At least three Afghan police and two civilians were killed in a brazen attack by Taliban gunmen and suicide bombers on government buildings near Kabul. A US soldier was killed in the south in a hostile fire incident. 22 Taliban insurgents and two Afghan soldiers also died in violence.
    (Reuters, 8/10/09)(AP, 8/11/09)

2009        Aug 11, An Afghan official said authorities have hired some 10,000 Afghan tribesmen to protect this month's presidential election, raising the possibility that village militias could be enlisted to fight against the Taliban. In southern Afghanistan roadside bombs killed nine civilians. The body of a Polish soldier, who had disappeared while under fire a day earlier, was found in Ghazni province.
    (AP, 8/11/09)

2009        Aug 12, In southern Afghanistan helicopter-borne US Marines backed by Harrier jets stormed a Taliban-held town before dawn, launching a new operation (Eastern Resolve 2) to uproot Taliban fighters from a longtime base and provide security for next week's presidential election. Marines said they killed between seven and 10 militants in Dahaneh and seized about 66 pounds (30 kilograms) of opium, which the militants use to finance their insurgency. A blast on a road in the Gereshk district of Helmand province ripped through a vehicle carrying a family, killing 11 people, including two women and nine men. In Kandahar province three children were killed after they started playing with a bomb which they had found on the side of the road west of the provincial capital.
    (AP, 8/12/09)(AP, 8/13/09)
2009        Aug 12, Australian forces shot 2 Afghan policemen on a motorcycle at the Dorafshan checkpoint near Tarin Kowt. One of the Afghans was shot 16 times and died. The other was wounded. The Australian military later said the soldiers did not know the men were police and were acting in self-defense.
    (AFP, 10/13/09)(www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2009/08/12/2653950.htm)

2009        Aug 15, In Afghanistan a suicide car bomb exploded outside the main gate of NATO's headquarters five days before presidential elections, killing seven and wounding 91 in the biggest attack in the Afghan capital in six months. A British soldier succumbed to injuries sustained while out on foot patrol in Helmand province, becoming the 201st British military fatality in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 8/15/09)(AFP, 8/16/09)

2009        Aug 16, Afghan President Hamid Karzai took part in a live television debate with two of his main rivals running in this week's election, a first for an incumbent head of state in the war-scarred country. The Afghan defense ministry said that more than 30 rebels, including foreigners, were killed in an operation pounding Taliban centers in a bid to secure a northeast troublespot for key elections. Two US troops and a US civilian died in gun and bomb attacks in eastern Afghanistan. 3 British soldiers were killed in an explosion in the volatile south.
    (AFP, 8/16/09)(AFP, 8/17/09)

2009        Aug 17, In Afghanistan former Uzbek militia chief General Abdul Rashid Dostum threw his support behind President Hamid Karzai one day after returning from exile in Turkey. Four minor candidates announced they were withdrawing and throwing their support behind Karzai. A roadside bomb in southern Afghanistan killed a US service member, while an American civilian working for the military died after insurgents attacked a patrol in the east.
    (AP, 8/17/09)

2009        Aug 18, A Taliban suicide bomber attacked a NATO convoy on the outskirts of Kabul, killing 8 people and wounding more than 50, just days before the presidential election that the militant group has vowed to disrupt. A suicide bomber struck the gates of an Afghan army base in the southern Uruzgan province, killing 3 Afghan soldiers and two civilians. Two US soldiers were killed and 3 wounded in a separate blast in eastern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 8/18/09)(SFC, 8/19/09, p.A3)

2009        Aug 19, Afghan journalists rejected a Foreign Ministry demand that they suspend the broadcasting of news about attacks or violence on election day, accusing the government of unconstitutional censorship. Police stormed a bank in Kabul and killed three insurgents who had taken it over, while a wave of attacks killed at least six election workers around the country on the eve of the presidential election.
    (AP, 8/19/09)

2009        Aug 20, Afghans voted to elect a president for only the second time in history as fears emerged of poor turnout. Some $300 million was spent in organizational costs alone. Top security officials said 26 civilians and security forces have died in election-day militant attacks. Insurgents launched scattered rocket, suicide and bomb attacks that closed some polling sites. In northern Baghlan province, insurgent attacks closed 14 polling sites, and several police were reported killed. In southern Helmand province more than 20 rockets landed in the capital of Lashkar Gah, including one near a line of voters that killed a child. Initial election results weren't expected until Aug 22. Taliban militants cut off the nose and both ears of an Afghan father of 8 he tried to vote. The attack became the third confirmed report of the Taliban mutilating people who sought to cast ballots in the electoral contest. Some 400 insurgent incidents took place during the poll.
    (AP, 8/20/09)(AP, 8/31/09)(Econ, 8/29/09, p.35)(Econ, 11/7/09, p.40)

2009        Aug 21, Afghan President Hamid Karzai's campaign and chief rival Abdullah Abdullah both said they had won Afghanistan's election, but Washington's chief envoy warned candidates not to declare victory prematurely.
    (Reuters, 8/21/09)

2009        Aug 23, Afghan former Foreign Minister Abdullah Abdullah, President Karzai's main challenger, said he had evidence last week's election had been widely rigged by the incumbent and that he had lodged more than 100 complaints. The Election Complaints Commission (ECC) said it had received 225 complaints of which 35 had been labeled a priority. An American service member died in an insurgent attack. Two Estonian soldiers were killed after their unit stumbled on a roadside bomb in southern Helmand province.
    (Reuters, 8/23/09)(AP, 8/24/09)
2009        Aug 23, NATO military commanders told US President Barack Obama's envoy on that they needed more troops and other resources to beat back a resurgent Taliban, particularly in eastern Afghanistan near the Pakistan border.
    (Reuters, 8/23/09)

2009        Aug 24, Mohammed Jawad (~21), a Guantanamo prisoner once charged with wounding two US soldiers and their interpreter was back home in Afghanistan, months after a war crimes case against him unraveled when a military judge ruled his confession was coerced.
    (AP, 8/24/09)
2009        Aug 24, In the eastern Pakistani city of Sargodha, police arrested six militants in two raids. They were said to be linked to Mehsud's Taliban and had planned to launch strikes next week on at least two places of worship. Among the six was Zaid Mustafa, said to have recruited potential suicide bombers for training in Afghanistan and who is suspected of providing logistics, explosives and other support for terror attacks in Lahore, Karachi or Rawalpindi. Gunmen shot dead an Afghan television journalist and severely wounded his colleague in northwestern Pakistan.
    (AP, 8/24/09)

2009        Aug 25, The Afghan election commission said President Hamid Karzai and top challenger Abdullah Abdullah both have roughly 40% of the nationwide vote for president with 10% of ballots counted. A large explosion detonated in Kandahar and was followed by gunfire on the street afterward. A major bombing killed at least 43 people and wounded 65 in Kandahar just after dark.
    (AP, 8/25/09)(AP, 8/26/09)

2009        Aug 26, Afghan President Hamid Karzai widened his lead after officials released more partial vote results. The latest returns boosted Karzai's standing to 44.8% and Abdullah’s at 35.1%. The count was based on returns from 17% of polling stations nationwide. In eastern Afghanistan a firefight left as many as 12 militants dead. Reports of the death toll varied widely. A spokesman of the governor of Paktika province said 12 militants died, while police said two were killed. The US military did not report any deaths. 7 insurgents,  including a wounded commander, were detained.
    (AP, 8/26/09)(AP, 8/27/09)

2009        Aug 27, In Afghanistan a US service member died in a militant attack involving a roadside bomb and gunfire, a death that pushed August into a tie with July as the deadliest months of the eight-year war.
    (AP, 8/27/09)
2009        Aug 27, In Pakistan a suicide bomber hit a security checkpoint at the main border crossing for convoys ferrying NATO supplies into Afghanistan, killing at least 19 security officers. A suspected US drone fired two missiles at a militant hide-out in northwest Pakistan, killing at least six people and wounding nine.
    (AP, 8/27/09)

2009        Aug 28, Afghan Taliban insurgents ambushed a police convoy, killing three policemen and wounding about 30 others near Ghazni. In northern Afghanistan foreign troops attacked a militant commander in Kunduz province, killing him and his six men. A female militant who engaged troops with an assault rifle and with ammunition packed to her chest was among the dead. In eastern Afghanistan an American service member died in a bomb blast that also wounded Cami McCormick, a CBS Radio News correspondent. This made August the deadliest month of the eight-year war for US forces.
    (AP, 8/28/09)(AP, 8/29/09)
2009        Aug 28, NATO’s Sec. Gen. Fogh Rasmussen ended a 2-day visit to Turkey where he got a commitment for more Turkish troops to work on reconstruction projects in Afghanistan.
    (Econ, 9/12/09, p.57)(www.novinite.com/view_news.php?id=107181)

2009        Aug 29, Afghan President Hamid Karzai widened his lead in the presidential race as new vote tallies were released, inching closer to the 50 percent threshold of votes he needs to avoid a run-off. The latest results show Karzai ahead with 46.2% of the votes already counted against Abdullah's 31.4%.
    (AP, 8/29/09)
2009        Aug 29, Britain’s PM Gordon Brown made a surprise visit to Afghanistan, where he pledged to speed up the training of Afghan security forces.
    (AFP, 8/29/09)

2009        Aug 30, Major allegations of fraud in Afghanistan's presidential election topped 550, more than doubling the figure investigators reported just two days earlier.
    (AP, 8/30/09)

2009        Aug 31, In Afghanistan 2 bombings killed two US service members, the last day of the deadliest month of the war for US forces.
    (AP, 8/31/09)

2009        Sep 1, In southern Afghanistan an American service member died of wounds suffered in a bombing the day before.
    (AP, 9/1/09)

2009        Sep 2, A Taliban suicide bomber killed Abdullah Laghmani, Afghanistan's deputy chief of intelligence, during a visit to a mosque in Laghman province. The blast east of Kabul also killed the executive director of Laghman's governor's office, the head of Laghman's provincial council, two of Laghmani's body guards, and 18 civilians. An intelligence officer kidnapped a few days ago by Taliban militants in Kunduz province was found hanging from a tree on the outskirts of Baghlan city. 4 militants were killed overnight when a roadside bomb they were planting detonated. On Dec 20 Abdul Rahman, a Taliban military commander in Laghman, and three members of his insurgent network were arrested for the murder of Laghmani.
    (AP, 9/2/09)(AP, 12/29/09)
2009        Sep 2, In central Afghanistan American troops stormed through a hospital run by a Swedish charity in Wardak province, breaking down doors and tying up staff in a search for militants. The charity's country director later said this went against an agreement between NATO forces and charities working in the area, and was a clear violation of internationally recognized rules and principles.
    (AP, 9/7/09)

2009        Sep 3, The US Embassy in Afghanistan said it has banned alcohol and assigned American personnel to watch over the embassy's security guards following allegations of lewd behavior and sexual misconduct at their living quarters.
    (AP, 9/3/09)

2009        Sep 4, The US Embassy in Afghanistan said it has fired eight security guards following allegations of lewd behavior and sexual misconduct at their living quarters. Two other guards resigned and also left. All of them appeared in photographs that depicted guards and supervisors in various stages of nudity at parties flowing with alcohol. The management team of the private contractor that provided the guards was also to being replaced immediately.
    (AP, 9/4/09)
2009        Sep 4, In northern Afghanistan a US jet blasted two fuel tankers hijacked by the Taliban in Kunduz province, setting off a huge fireball that killed dozens of civilians who had rushed to the scene to collect fuel. As many as 142 civilians died in the German-ordered NATO airstrike. A French soldier was killed and nine others injured when their vehicles were hit by a bomb near Bagram Air Base north of Kabul. A Polish soldier was killed in the east. A French marine was killed in an IED attack.
    (AP, 9/4/09)(AFP, 9/5/09)(AP, 9/17/09)(AP, 10/8/09)(Econ, 1/2/10, p.37)

2009        Sep 5, In Afghanistan a US soldier serving in the NATO-led coalition died after coming under fire in the east of the country. Gunmen snatched New York Times reporter Stephen Farrell, who has dual British-Irish nationality, and his interpreter Sultan Munadi, while they were reporting on the aftermath of a NATO air strike on fuel tankers that killed scores of people. On Sep 9 Farrell was freed in a raid that killed a British soldier as well as Afghan translator Sultan Munadi (34).
    (AFP, 9/5/09)(AFP, 9/9/09)

2009        Sep 8, Afghan President Hamid Karzai surpassed for the first time the 50% threshold needed to avoid a run-off in the presidential election, according to preliminary results, but with fraud allegations rising, a UN-backed commission ordered a re-count of tainted ballots. A suicide car bomb exploded outside the gates of the ISAF military airport in Kabul, killing three civilians and wounding nine people, including four foreign soldiers.
    (AP, 9/8/09)(AFP, 9/9/09)
2009        Sep 8, In Afghanistan Marine Corporal Dakota Meyer (21) saved the lives of 13 Marines and 23 Afghan soldiers during a 6-hour fight the with Taliban that left 5 other US soldiers dead in Kunar province. Marine Staff Sgt. Juan Rodriguez-Chavez accompanied Meyer. In 2011 the Kentucky farm boy was awarded the US Medal of Honor. For his valor, Rodriguez-Chavez, who hailed originally from Acuna, Mexico, would be awarded the Navy Cross.
    (SFC, 9/15/11, p.A12)(AP, 9/15/11)

2009        Sep 9, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber blew himself up outside the Camp Bastion NATO base in southern Helmand province, killing at least two Afghan civilians and wounding several foreign and local troops. British commandos freed NY Times reporter Stephen Farrell (46) in a raid on a Taliban hide-out in northern Afghanistan. Farrell and his translator had been taken hostage on Sep 5. A British soldier died during the raid as well as Afghan translator, Sultan Munadi (34) and 2 civilians.
    (AFP, 9/9/09)(AP, 9/9/09)

2009        Sep 10, The UN-backed commission investigating fraud in Afghanistan's election issued its first orders to exclude some ballots from the final tally, throwing out votes from 83 polling stations in areas of strong support for President Hamid Karzai. A US service member was killed in an attack on a patrol. Another service member was killed after coming under fire.
    (AP, 9/10/09)(AP, 9/11/09)

2009        Sep 11, Afghan former foreign minister Abdullah Abdullah, the chief challenger to President Hamid Karzai, called for a full investigation of hundreds of reports of fraud in the Aug. 20 presidential contest. 14 civilians were killed Uruzgan province when their vehicle hit a roadside bomb in Churra district. In Kandahar six civilians were killed by an improvised explosive device in the Maiwand district. Four police were killed in Nangarhar when militants attacked a border police checkpoint. In eastern Paktika province, a suicide bomber detonated his explosives in Bermel district. Only the bomber died.
    (AP, 9/11/09)(AP, 9/12/09)
2009        Sep 11, Spain's government agreed to send 220 more troops to Afghanistan, raising the total to about 1,000.
    (AP, 9/11/09)

2009        Sep 12, In Afghanistan a Taliban ambush killed six private security guards working for a construction company in the eastern province of Kunar. In Khost province a suspected militant rocket attack killed three civilians in Sabari district. In Kandahar 3 suicide bombers tried to attack an office of the country's intelligence agency. Officers and the bombers traded gunfire. One bomber blew himself up and killed an intelligence officer, while the other bombers’ explosives went off but didn't kill anyone. Coalition and Afghan forces killed 11 militants during an overnight raid in northern Kunduz province. In Kunduz province a turncoat policeman poisoned 8 other officers at a guard post, killed his commander and called in the Taliban who beheaded or shot 7 other policemen. A roadside bomb killed two US troops in the east. In western Afghanistan 3 US soldiers were killed following a roadside bomb attack and small arms fire. Altogether 50 civilians, security forces and militants were killed in the spate of attacks, including 20 noncombatants killed in two roadside bomb explosions. In western Farah province a battle that included airstrikes killed about 50 Taliban militants after an insurgent ambush left 3 US troops and 7 Afghan soldiers dead.
    (AP, 9/12/09)(AP, 9/13/09)(SSFC, 9/13/09, p.A4)(SFC, 9/14/09, p.A2)

2009        Sep 13, The Afghan health ministry said it has so far recorded 673 cases of cholera countrywide in almost a third of the country's 34 provinces, including Kabul. No deaths have been reported. A British soldier was killed in an attack on a foot patrol in Helmand province. A 2nd NATO service member died in a bomb blast in the south.
    (AFP, 9/13/09)(AP, 9/14/09)
2009        Sep 13, Al-Qaida leader Osama bin Laden described President Barack Obama as "powerless" to stop the war in Afghanistan and threatened to step up guerrilla warfare there in a new audiotape released to mark the anniversary of the Sept. 11 attacks in the US.
    (AP, 9/14/09)

2009        Sep 14, Afghan and foreign forces killed 27 Taliban militants in gunfights and an air strike in a rebel stronghold of Kandahar province. A Taliban spokesman said four militants were killed and five civilians died in the crossfire.
    (AFP, 9/15/09)

2009        Sep 15, In northern Afghanistan a mass grave was unearthed in Ali Abad district of Kunduz province, containing at least 20 bodies believed to date from the Soviet-backed government era. During Soviet-backed rule in the late 1970s, a group of 35 people were arrested in Ali Abad district and were never heard of again.
    (AFP, 9/15/09)

2009        Sep 16, Afghanistan's election commission released preliminary vote totals showing President Hamid Karzai with 54.6 percent of the vote in the first full results to be released since the country's Aug. 20 election. A UN-backed group investigating fraud has ordered a massive audit and recount of about 10 percent of the country's voting stations. A NATO service member died from a bomb strike in the south.
    (AP, 9/16/09)(AP, 9/17/09)

2009        Sep 17, In Kabul, Afghanistan, a suicide bomber rammed a car packed with explosives into two Italian military vehicles killing six of those aboard and wounding four. 10 Afghan civilians were also killed. A US service member and a Canadian soldier died in separate roadside bomb explosions in the south.
    (AP, 9/17/09)(AP, 9/18/09)

2009        Sep 18, In Afghanistan gunmen opened fire in a mosque in Jawzjan province, killing five men and wounding another two.
    (AFP, 9/19/09)

2009        Sep 19, In Afghanistan two children were killed when a suicide attacker, believed to have been a woman, blew herself up in a crowded area of western Herat city. A Danish soldier was killed and another injured after they came under fire during a patrol in Helmand province. A suicide attacker drove a vehicle into a Hungarian convoy morning in the northern city of Pul-e-Khumri. The suicide attacker was killed, but there were no casualties in the convoy. An American soldier died in fighting in the east.
    (AFP, 9/19/09)(AP, 9/19/09)(AP, 9/20/09)

2009        Sep 20, In Afghanistan NATO's International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) said 2 US soldiers were killed in a noncombat-related incident in the south. The Afghan defense ministry said Afghan and foreign troops will halt offensive operations in the war against Taliban-led insurgents for the UN's International Day of Peace on Sep 21.
    (AFP, 9/20/09)
2009        Sep 20, German authorities said al Qaeda threatened Germany with attacks for the second time this weekend in an online video criticizing the country for its deployment of troops in Afghanistan. The interior ministry identified al Qaeda's messenger in the latest video as Bekkay Harrach (32), a German-Moroccan.
    (Reuters, 9/20/09)

2009        Sep 21, Grant Kippen, the Canadian head of the UN-backed panel investigating fraud in Afghanistan's presidential vote, said the panel has agreed to allow a recount of just a sampling of hundreds of thousands of suspect ballots to speed the process. In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed an American service member.
    (AP, 9/21/09)(AP, 9/22/09)
2009        Sep 21, A Danish court rejected the military's request to stop a book by a former special forces soldier from being published. Denmark's armed forces had asked the Bailiff's Court in Copenhagen to ban Thomas Rathsack's book, "Ranger: At War With the Elite," for national security reasons. It describes operations that he took part in as a member of an army ranger unit in Afghanistan and Iraq.
    (AP, 9/21/09)

2009        Sep 22, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb blast killed five people in western Farah province. Eight others in the van were wounded.
    (AP, 9/23/09)

2009        Sep 23, In Afghanistan a family of seven died when their vehicle struck a bomb in Panjwayi district, in Kandahar province. All in the car were killed including two young children.
    (AP, 9/23/09)

2009        Sep 24, Afghan officials started a partial vote recount from last month's presidential election in a long-awaited procedure due to bring to an end weeks of uncertainty over the ballot. The process was expected to take about two weeks. Four US soldiers died in southeastern Zabul province, three of them killed when their Stryker vehicle hit a bomb, and the fourth shot to death in an insurgent attack.
    (Reuters, 9/25/09)(AP, 9/25/09)

2009        Sep 25, In Afghanistan an American died of gunshot wounds from and insurgent attack in Nimroz province.
    (SFC, 9/26/09, p.A2)

2009        Sep 26, In Afghanistan an airstrike by international forces in Wardak province, bordering Kabul, killed three Afghan civilians. 7 Taliban militants were killed in a gunbattle with police in Kunduz province. 3 Afghan civilians died when their vehicle hit a roadside bomb in western Farah province. Two US service members died in the south, one from a roadside bomb explosion and the other from an insurgent attack. 3 French soldiers were killed in a violent storm in northeastern Kapisa province when one was struck by lightning and two others were carried off by a flooding river. A 4th French soldier was killed when an armored vehicle fell into a ravine.
    (AP, 9/27/09)

2009        Sep 27, In Afghanistan a suicide car bomb explosion targeting Afghanistan's energy minister killed four civilians in Herat province. In southern Afghanistan a roadside explosion killed a British soldier on a vehicle patrol in Helmand province. Taliban militants ambushed a truck convoy in eastern Kunar province, killing six drivers and burning their vehicles. A private van hit a roadside bomb in northern Faryab province. Six of the people inside were killed and another seven injured.
    (AP, 9/27/09)(AP, 9/28/09)

2009        Sep 28, In Afghan three civilians, including a woman, were killed when their car hit a bomb in the road between Herat and Kandahar. A US team and Afghan soldiers killed 30 Taliban fighters at a militant stronghold in Farah province.
    (AFP, 9/29/09)(www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,556329,00.html)

2009        Sep 29, In southern Afghanistan at least 30 civilians were killed when a bus hit a roadside bomb in an attack blamed on the Taliban.
    (AFP, 9/29/09)

2009        Sep 30, In southern Afghanistan 9 civilians including six children were killed in a NATO air strike targeting a Taliban position. Four armed Taliban were also killed in the air attack in Khoshal village in Helmand province.
    (AFP, 10/1/09)
2009        Sep 30, The UN dismissed Peter Galbraith, the top US diplomat at the UN mission in Afghanistan, after he quarreled with Kai Eide, his European boss, over the Afghan presidential election.
    (Reuters, 9/30/09)

2009        Oct 1, In Afghanistan an American died when Taliban militants fired rocket-propelled grenades at a patrol in eastern Afghanistan. A British airman was killed when a bomb exploded alongside his patrol near Camp Bastion in southern Helmand province. Afghans began cashing in on incentives, which ranged from $50 to $10,000, for information leading to weapons caches or "the disruption of enemy activities." By the end of the year “Operation Jaeza" paid out nearly $200,000.
    (AP, 10/2/09)(AP, 1/1/10)

2009        Oct 2, In southern Afghanistan a suicide bomber struck a US convoy, killing two American soldiers. Militants attacked a convoy of empty trucks returning to Pakistan after delivering supplies to a NATO base in Kunar province of eastern Afghanistan. One driver was killed, three were wounded and 13 trucks were burned. An Afghan policeman conducting a joint operation with US soldiers opened fire on the Americans, killing two of them before fleeing in Wardak province. A third US service member died of wounds from a bomb attack in Wardak the day before.
    (AP, 10/2/09)(AP, 10/3/09)
2009        Oct 2, President Barack Obama, while in Copenhagen, met with General Stanley McChrystal, the top commander of US and NATO troops in Afghanistan, for the first time since McChrystal presented a grim assessment of the war effort and requesting more troops.
    (Reuters, 10/2/09)

2009        Oct 3, In Afghanistan a Taliban attack on a NATO supply convoy killed a civilian contractor escorting the trucks. Militant fighters streaming from an Afghan village and a mosque attacked a pair of remote outposts near the Pakistani border in the Kamdesh district of Nuristan province, killing 8 US soldiers and 3 Afghan soldiers at Combat Outpost Keating. 13 Afghan police and 2 journalists were captured by the Taliban, including the local police chief and his deputy. The bodies of 5 enemy fighters were found after the battle. NATO later said enemy forces suffered more than 100 dead during the well-coordinated defense. A roadside bomb southwest of Kabul killed a US service member.
    (AP, 10/3/09)(AP, 10/4/09)(AFP, 10/6/09)(AP, 2/5/10)(SFC, 8/27/13, p.C1)

2009        Oct 4, James Jones, US national security adviser, said on CNN that Al-Qaida has fewer than 100 fighters operating in Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 10/7/09, p.A3)(http://tinyurl.com/y8kax72)

2009        Oct 5, Afghan election workers began recounting ballots from the disputed Aug. 20 presidential election, and a senior official said he expected to announce late next week whether President Hamid Karzai had won or would face a runoff with his main rival. One British soldier died after an explosion in southern Afghanistan. The Afghan defense ministry said Afghan and American forces killed 40 militants in 24 hours as they hunted in mountainous eastern Afghanistan for insurgents behind the Oct 3 attacks.
    (AP, 10/5/09)(AP, 10/6/09)

2009        Oct 6, Afghan forces also killed eight militants in two separate battles in Zabul and Wardak provinces.
    (AP, 10/7/09)

2009        Oct 7, The war in Afghanistan entered its 9th year. In eastern Afghanistan an insurgent rocket ripped through a bus on a highway, killing two people aboard and wounding about 25. A Spanish soldier was killed when a patrol vehicle drove over a mine near the western town of Heart. American and Afghan forces battled militants in neighboring Wardak province, killing a number of insurgents.
    (AP, 10/7/09)(AP, 10/8/09)

2009        Oct 8, In Afghanistan a suicide car bomber detonated his vehicle outside the Indian Embassy in the bustling center of Kabul, killing 17 people in the second major attack in the city in less than a month. The Afghan Foreign Ministry hinted at Pakistani involvement, a charge Pakistan denied.
    (AP, 10/8/09)

2009        Oct 9, Afghan and international forces killed nine Taliban in a firefight in eastern Wardak province. 2 Polish soldiers were killed when their vehicle hit a roadside bomb also in Wardak province. Four others were wounded.
    (AP, 10/10/09)

2009        Oct 10, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed the district police chief and district governor of Shah Khil in Paktika province. A US service member died of wounds suffered in a bombing in southern Afghanistan. In Helmand province the Afghan army killed four insurgents in Garmser district. In eastern Khost province, a police car was struck by a roadside bomb but none of its passengers was injured. However, shrapnel also hit a nearby car, killing a 12-year-old girl and wounding three other civilians.
    (Reuters, 10/10/09)(AP, 10/10/09)(AFP, 10/11/09)

2009        Oct 11, Afghan and US forces killed 16 insurgents in an overnight operation in eastern Kunar province.
    (AFP, 10/11/09)

2009        Oct 12, Afghanistan's election watchdog changed its fraud-tallying rules for the second time in less than a week, switching back to a formula that lowers the chance of overturning President Hamid Karzai's first-round win. Under the new rules the commission will not take into account which candidate it finds benefited most from any fraud. One of the two Afghans on the UN-backed commission looking into vote fraud in the August presidential election resigned, citing interference by foreigners.
    (Reuters, 10/12/09)

2009        Oct 14, British PM Gordon Brown ordered hundreds more troops to Afghanistan, pledging to bolster the international effort on the condition that Britain's allies also do their fair share to support the war effort. He said Britain's overall contribution would rise to 9,500 troops, an increase of about 500.
    (AP, 10/14/09)

2009        Oct 15, In southern Afghanistan 4 American troops died in a bombing, as a UN-backed panel completed most of its investigation into whether the level of fraud in the August presidential election would require a runoff.
    (AP, 10/16/09)
2009        Oct 15, Italy and NATO denied a newspaper report that the Italian intelligence secretly paid the Taliban thousands of dollars to maintain peace in an area in Afghanistan that was under Italian control. The Times of London had just reported that Italy had paid "tens of thousands of dollars" to Taliban commanders and warlords in the Surobi district. It accused Rome of failing to inform its allies about the payments and of misleading the French, who took over the Surobi district in mid-2008, into thinking the area was quiet and safe. An ambush of the French in a mountain pass on Aug. 18, 2008, was the biggest single combat loss for international forces in Afghanistan in more than three years.
    (AP, 10/15/09)

2009        Oct 16, Four Afghans, including at least two civilians, died during a firefight between militants and a joint international-Afghan force in Ghazni province. IED bomb attacks claimed the lives of 3 US soldiers. An air strike killed 20 militants in Urgun district, in southern Paktika province. 5 militants were killed in an Afghan army commando operation in the Gereshk district of Helmand province. In Sangin district, also in Helmand, one Afghan soldier was killed and another injured during a small-arms attack.
    (AP, 10/16/09)    (AP, 10/17/09)

2009        Oct 18, In Afghanistan Taliban fighters attacked a NATO convoy in western Badghis province. 6 Taliban were killed including a local commander in Bala Murghab district. In southern Uruzgan province clashes with Afghan and international forces left eight Taliban dead and three wounded. One US service member was killed in an improvised explosive device (IED) attack in the south.
    (AFP, 10/18/09)

2009        Oct 19, In Afghanistan fraud investigators threw out hundreds of thousands of votes for President Hamid Karzai in the country's disputed August election. The findings set the stage for a runoff between him and his top challenger. Taliban militants set fire to 15 trucks carrying supplies to a military base in eastern Ghazni province. Afghan security guards killed two militants during the fighting. Two Afghan security troopers were killed in a gun battle overnight with Taliban fighters near Ghazni city.
    (AP, 10/19/09)

2009        Oct 20, Afghanistan's election commission ordered a Nov. 7 runoff in the disputed presidential poll after a fraud investigation dropped incumbent Hamid Karzai's votes below 50 percent of the total. Karzai accepted the finding and agreed to a second round vote. Afghan and international forces killed about half a dozen militants during a raid on compounds used by a Taliban commander in eastern Wardak province.
    (AP, 10/20/09)

2009        Oct 21, In Afghanistan ex-Foreign Minister Abdullah Abdullah, President Hamid Karzai's chief political rival, agreed to take part in the Nov. 7 runoff election, setting the stage for a high-stakes showdown in the face of Taliban threats and approaching winter snows. One US soldier died of wounds sustained in a bomb attack in the south.
    (AP, 10/21/09)(AP, 10/22/09)

2009        Oct 23, In southern Afghanistan 2 US soldiers were killed by a home-made bomb. A Danish soldier lost his life in clashes with Taliban-led insurgents in the same region.
    (AFP, 10/24/09)

2009        Oct 24, Taliban fighters warned Afghans not to take part in the war-wracked country's upcoming presidential runoff, threatening to launch a fresh wave of violence on polling day to stop them. US troops killed four civilians when they fired on a van approaching their convoy on the main highway in southern Kandahar province. A bomb killed an American service member in southern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 10/24/09)(AP, 10/25/09)

2009        Oct 25, In Afghanistan 2 American service members died, one in a bomb attack in the east, and another wounds sustained in an insurgent attack in the same region.
    (AP, 10/26/09)

2009        Oct 26, In Afghanistan Nangarhar province Gov. Gul Agha Sherzai survived an assassination attempt after a gunman fired automatic weapons at his convoy in Jalalabad. Sherzai's bodyguards killed the gunman, as well as another attacker wearing a suicide vest and carrying grenades. Security forces in Kabul fired automatic rifles into the air for a second day to contain hundreds of stone-throwing university students angered over the alleged desecration of Islam's holy book. US and Afghan authorities have denied any such desecration and insist that the Taliban are spreading the rumor to stir up public anger. A UH-1 and an AH-1 Cobra helicopter collided in flight before sunrise over the southern province of Helmand, killing 4 American troops. Another helicopter went down in the west of the country after leaving the scene of a firefight, killing 10 Americans, including 7 service members and 3 Drug Enforcement Administration agents.
    (AP, 10/26/09)

2009        Oct 27, In Afghanistan 8 US troops died in "multiple, complex" bomb attacks in the south. One Afghan civilian was also killed, and several other troops were wounded and taken to a nearby medical facility.
    (AP, 10/27/09)
2009        Oct 27, The NY Times reported that the brother of Afghan President Hamid Karzai has been getting regular payments from the Central Intelligence Agency. The paper said Ahmed Wali Karzai is a suspected player in Afghanistan's opium trade and has been paid by the CIA over the past eight years for services that included helping to recruit an Afghan paramilitary force that operates at the CIA's direction in and around the southern city of Kandahar. Ahmed Wali Karzai denied reports that he has received regular payments from the CIA for much of the past eight years.
    (Reuters, 10/28/09)(AP, 10/28/09)
2009        Oct 27, Greek authorities said 3 adults and 5 children drowned in the eastern Aegean Sea when a small boat carrying 17 illegal immigrants from Afghanistan hit rocks near the shore and sank.
    (AP, 10/27/09)

2009        Oct 28, President Barack Obama signed a defense bill into law containing a new provision to pay Taliban fighters who renounce the insurgency.
    (Reuters, 10/27/09)
2009        Oct 28, In Afghanistan Taliban militants wearing suicide vests and police uniforms stormed a guest house used by UN staff in the heart of Kabul. 11 people were killed, including 5 UN staff, 3 attackers, 2 security guards and an Afghan civilian. Liberian election worker Yah Lydia Wonyene (47) was one of the five UN staffers killed. It was the biggest in a series of attacks intended to undermine next month's presidential runoff election. The assault included rocket attacks at the presidential palace and the city's main luxury hotel. Two NATO members were killed in bomb blasts in the south, including one American.
    (AP, 10/28/09)(AP, 10/29/09)(AP, 11/22/09)

2009        Oct 30, In eastern Afghanistan a taxi carrying nine civilians hit a bomb buried in the road, killing everyone inside, including a mother and child.
    (AP, 10/30/09)
2009        Oct 30, South Korea announced plans to send troops to Afghanistan to protect its civilian aid workers, two years after withdrawing its forces following a fatal hostage crisis.
    (AP, 10/30/09)

2009        Oct 31, Amrullah Saleh, Afghanistan’s intelligence chief, said authorities have arrested eight people, including one in Saudi Arabia, in connection with this week's deadly attack on a guest house used by UN employees. He said those arrested claimed the assailants came from Pakistan's Swat Valley. In southern Helmand province a British soldier was killed in an explosion. An American died of wounds suffered from a bomb attack.
    (AP, 10/31/09)(AFP, 11/1/09)(AP, 11/1/09)

2009        Nov 1, Afghanistan Challenger Abdullah Abdullah pulled out of the nation’s run-off election, plunging the country into fresh political chaos as international pressure grew for the race to be scrapped. After Karzai snubbed a series of demands promoted by his rival as a chance to avoid a repeat of massive first-round fraud, Abdullah said he saw no point in standing, but stopped short of calling for a boycott.
    (AFP, 11/1/09)

2009        Nov 2, Afghanistan's election commission proclaimed President Hamid Karzai the victor of the country's tumultuous ballot. The cancellation of the runoff vote came one day after former Foreign Minister Abdullah Abdullah announced he was pulling out of the Nov. 7 vote. The commission had the authority to make the decision because the Afghan constitution only allows for a runoff between two candidates.
    (AP, 11/2/09)

2009        Nov 3, Afghanistan's Pres. Karzai welcomed his new term, by reaching out to opponents and promising to banish the corruption that has undermined his administration. In northern Kunduz province, Afghan and international troops have been fighting for two days to take the Taliban-held town of Ghor Tapa. About 200 insurgents were holed up in the town, including foreign fighters, mostly Chechens. 11 insurgents and one Afghan soldier were killed. A "rogue" Afghan policeman gunned down five British soldiers at a checkpoint in Helmand province, fuelling growing questions about the Afghan mission.
    (AP, 11/3/09)(AFP, 11/4/09)

2009        Nov 4, In western Afghanistan 2 US paratroopers went missing while trying to recover airdropped supplies from a river. The body of one soldier was reported found on Nov 11.
    (AP, 11/6/09)(AP, 11/7/09)(AP, 11/11/09)

2009        Nov 5, Afghan villagers said an overnight rocket strike by international forces killed nine civilians, including at least 3 children. Local authorities said they had no reports of civilian deaths. Residents of Korkhashien village drove the bodies to the governor's office in the nearby provincial capital of Lashkar Gah. In eastern Khost province, several hundred people demonstrated against an overnight raid that killed a resident of Baramkhil village. NATO said the man was a militant who was killed when Afghan and international forces were pursuing an insurgent leader who had been recruiting foreign fighters to the area. The Afghan Defense Ministry said 17 militants have been killed in three separate clashes in the last 24 hours. 3 NATO service members, including 2 Americans, were killed in two bombings in the south.
    (AP, 11/5/09)(SFC, 11/7/09, p.A3)
2009        Nov 5, The UN said that it will send more than half its international staff either out of Afghanistan or into more secure compounds following last week's deadly Taliban attack against UN workers, the most direct targeting of its employees during decades of work in the country.
    (AP, 11/5/09)

2009        Nov 6, In Afghanistan fighting between members of a joint search operation and insurgents in western Afghanistan left 4 Afghan soldiers, three policemen and a civilian interpreter dead. It appeared that an airstrike during the search for two US paratroopers mistakenly killed 8 Afghans and wounded more than 20 Afghan and American forces. The deputy governor of the southern province of Zabul, Ali Khail, said NATO forces raided an Afghan Red Crescent office in the city of Qalat, killing a security guard and arresting three local Red Crescent employees. NATO issued a statement saying coalition forces killed a militant and arrested a few suspected militants, including someone who was helping insurgents transport weapons and bomb-making materials to the area.
    (AP, 11/7/09)

2009        Nov 7, In western Afghanistan an American service member was killed in an insurgent attack. A British soldier was killed by an explosion in the southern province of Helmand. In the east militants twice attacked a fuel supply convoy as it traveled along a main supply route between Pakistan and Kabul. Police said at least two private security guards and a policeman were wounded in the attacks.
    (AP, 11/8/09)

2009        Nov 8, Afghan Pres. Karzai pledged that there would be no place for corrupt officials in his new administration, a demand made by Washington and its international partners as they ponder sending more troops to confront the Taliban and shore up his government. Some 350 Taliban prisoners began a hunger strike at a prison in Kandahar.
    (AP, 11/8/09)(AP, 11/9/09)

2009        Nov 9, The Afghan Ministry of Public Health said that 710 of the 779 cases of H1N1 reported since early July have been among Afghan, US and Italian troops. The 11 people who have died from the virus were all Afghans, including one soldier.
    (AP, 11/9/09)
2009        Nov 9, NATO said that 700 members of the Afghan security forces and 50 international troops were involved in a clearing operation in northern Afghanistan. NATO said Afghan and foreign troops have killed more than 130 insurgents, including 8 Taliban commanders, in six days of fierce fighting during a major offensive in the Charhar Dara district in Kunduz.
    (AP, 11/9/09)

2009        Nov 10, In Afghanistan a US soldier was killed by a roadside bomb in Helmand province.
    (AP, 11/10/09)
2009        Nov 10, Japan announced $5 billion in fresh aid to Afghanistan even as it plans to bring home refueling ships supporting US-led forces there. The pledge came just days before President Barack Obama arrives in Tokyo for talks that are sure to focus on the countries' military alliance.
    (AP, 11/10/09)

2009        Nov 11, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber on a motorcycle detonated his explosives near a NATO military convoy in the province of Zabul, killing a man and a woman and wounding another three passers-by.
    (AP, 11/11/09)

2009        Nov 12, Afghanistan exported 12 tons of apples to India and touted the shipment as a key step in exploring much-needed international markets for its agricultural products.
    (AFP, 11/12/09)
2009        Nov 12, A Norwegian freelance journalist kidnapped a week ago in eastern Afghanistan was released along with his Afghan interpreter. Paal Refsdal was in Afghanistan filming a documentary for the Norwegian production company Novemberfilm.
    (AP, 11/12/09)

2009        Nov 13, In Afghanistan NATO-led troops mistakenly killed a female civilian during an operation against militants in eastern Zabul province.
    (AFP, 11/14/09)

2009        Nov 14, In Afghanistan an armed woman died during a clash with insurgents in Shindand district of western Herat province. The district governor, said three civilian members of one family were killed and three children wounded. Four Taliban militants were also said to have been killed in the clash.
    (AFP, 11/14/09)

2009        Nov 15, In eastern Afghanistan hundreds of French and Afghan troops pushed into a hostile valley where militants launch quick attacks, then disappear into hillside villages. Separately in eastern province of Paktika, a joint NATO and Afghan force killed a group of militants while pursuing a commander tied to the militant network run by Jalaluddin Haqqani. A  British soldier was shot and killed while on foot patrol in Helmand province.
    (AFP, 11/15/09)
2009        Nov 15, German Federal Criminal Police Office confirmed a Spiegel Online report that it had posted notices across Afghanistan warning that Jan Schneider (27), a Kazakhstan-born ethnic German, may plan attacks on German military or civilian institutions in Afghanistan. Authorities identified the German convert to Islam as an al-Qaida associate.
    (AP, 11/15/09)

2009        Nov 16, The Afghan government said it had formed a major crime unit to tackle corruption, following escalating Western pressure on President Hamid Karzai to fight graft. Afghan insurgents fired a pair of rockets into a crowded marketplace in Kapisa province as a French general met local leaders nearby, killing 14 civilians.
    (AFP, 11/16/09)(AP, 11/17/09)

2009        Nov 17, Slovakia pledged about 250 extra soldiers to the NATO-led force in Afghanistan, the first of what British PM Gordon Brown said would be a series of international reinforcements.
    (AP, 11/18/09)

2009        Nov 18, Hillary Rodham Clinton, on her first trip to Afghanistan as US secretary of state, said that President Hamid Karzai's inauguration provides a new chance for him to strengthen government accountability and take tangible steps to improve the lives of Afghan citizens.
    (AP, 11/18/09)
2009        Nov 18, Germany said it will extend its mission in Afghanistan for another year, despite the growing unpopularity of the war at home.
    (AP, 11/18/09)

2009        Nov 19, Afghan President Hamid Karzai pledged in his inauguration speech that Afghanistan will prosecute corrupt officials and control its own security within five years. A suicide bomber targeting an Afghan security forces convoy in Uruzgan province killed 10 civilians and wounded another 13. Two US service members were killed in an explosion in Zabul province.
    (AP, 11/19/09)   

2009        Nov 20, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber on a motorcycle struck Farah city, the capital of the southwestern province of Farah, killing 16 people near the governor's home. A roadside bomb targeted a controversial warlord, who escaped unscathed but killed five of his bodyguards northwest of Kabul. A similar device, of the type favored by Taliban insurgents, killed three civilians in the east.
    (AFP, 11/20/09)(SFC, 11/21/09, p.A2)

2009        Nov 21, In Afghanistan a rocket hit outside the luxury Serena Hotel in Kabul, wounding two people. NATO took command of the training of the Afghan army and police to consolidate efforts on building an effective security force, a vital precondition for the withdrawal of foreign troops.
    (AP, 11/21/09)(Reuters, 11/21/09)

2009        Nov 22, It was reported that US and Afghan officials have begun helping a number of anti-Taliban militias under a plan called the Community Defense Initiative. In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed five Afghan border security guards traveling on a heavily used road in Kandahar province near the border with Pakistan. NATO forces detained several militants with links to the Taliban. South of Kabul, an Afghan-international security force detained several militants near the village of Kashimiri Balat while pursuing an alleged Taliban member involved in the weapons trade. Also south of Kabul, a joint force detained several suspected militants, including a Taliban commander linked with several local Taliban leaders. In Ghazni province a joint force killed a militant, detained another and recovered pistols and grenades while pursing a Taliban commander. 3 Afghan soldiers were killed by a roadside bomb in southern Helmand province. A bomb attack and a firefight killed 3 US troops.
    (SSFC, 11/22/09, p.A8)(AP, 11/22/09)(AP, 11/23/09)

2009        Nov 23, The US signed an agreement giving 38.7 million dollars to 27 Afghan provinces that eliminated or significantly reduced opium production in the world's biggest supplier country. Afghanistan’s deputy attorney general said 2 Afghan cabinet ministers are being investigated under suspicion of embezzlement. A suicide bomber, targeting a police convoy, killed two civilian men and three children in northern Kunduz province. Five others were wounded in the attack. A bomb attack killed a US soldier in eastern Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 11/23/09)(Reuters, 11/23/09)(AP, 11/23/09)

2009        Nov 24, Afghanistan’s attorney general's office said 15 current and former Afghan ministers are under investigation over allegations of corruption that have plagued the government of President Hamid Karzai.
    (AP, 11/24/09)

2009        Nov 25, Mullah Omar, the Taliban's reclusive leader, issued a Muslim holiday message calling on Afghans to break off relations with the government, which he described as a 'stooge' administration.
    (AP, 11/25/09)
2009        Nov 25, British PM Gordon Brown says 10 NATO nations are ready to offer about 5,000 more troops for the war in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 11/25/09)

2009        Nov 27, Afghan President Hamid Karzai called on the Taliban and other extremist groups to lay down their weapons and participate in rebuilding the battered country, as part of reconciliation efforts he has said will be his main objective during his second term. Turyalai Wesa, the governor of Kandahar province survived an assassination attempt when a bomb targeting his convoy exploded as he headed for prayers. An Afghan Red Crescent official in Takhar province was shot to death in an apparent attempt to settle a long-standing dispute. Police detained a father, his son and a nephew.
    (AP, 11/27/09)(AP, 11/28/09)
2009        Nov 27, A NATO official said alliance nations may increase their fighting force in Afghanistan by up to 6,000 soldiers in response to President Barack Obama's expected call for 30,000 additional US and allied service members.
    (AP, 11/27/09)

2009        Nov 28, Afghanistan announced a pay rise of nearly 40 percent for police and military recruits, as Western countries aim to increase the size and quality of Afghan security forces so their own troops can go home. Police said a dozen prisoners escaped jail through a tunnel they dug from their cell to the outside in western Farah province. 26 militants were killed in a gun battle with border security guards along the eastern Pakistan frontier.
    (Reuters, 11/28/09)(AP, 11/29/09)

2009        Nov 29, In southwest Afghanistan a rogue police officer opened fire at a checkpoint in Nimroz province, killing six police officers and injuring two before being killed. In northern Jowzjan province two gunmen on a motorbike shot and killed the head of logistics for the provincial intelligence service. In southern Helmand province, Afghan and international forces killed two militants responsible for planting roadside bombs.
    (AP, 11/30/09)

2009        Dec 1, President Barack Obama shared his new US strategy for Afghanistan with President Hamid Karzai, spending an hour discussing troops levels, security, political and economic elements of his revised war plan. Obama planned to send 30,000 more troops to be deployed over the next six months, escalating the 8-year-old war. In his prime-time speech to the nation, Obama laid out a rough timeframe, for when the main US military mission will end. Obama proposed an 18-month timeline for starting to bring troops home.
    (AP, 12/1/09)(Reuters, 12/2/09)

2009        Dec 2, NATO's chief Fogh Rasmussen said European and other US allies will contribute more than 5,000 more troops to the international force in Afghanistan, declaring that "this is not just America's war."
    (AP, 12/2/09)
2009        Dec 2, Poland said it plans to send 600 more troops to Afghanistan next year.
    (AP, 12/2/09)

2009        Dec 4, Afghan troops and US Marines launched the first offensive since President Barack Obama announced an American troop surge, striking against Taliban communications and supply lines in Helmand province. About 1,000 Marines as well as Afghan troops were taking part in the operation, known as "Cobra's Anger."
    (AP, 12/4/09)
2009        Dec 4, The New York Times reported that the White House has authorized the CIA to expand the use of unmanned aerial drones in Pakistan to track down and strike suspected Taliban and Al-Qaeda members.
    (AFP, 12/4/09)
2009        Dec 4, NATO said 25 countries had pledged a total of around 7,000 more troops to support the US-led war in Afghanistan, following President Barack Obama's commitment of 30,000 extra US troops.
    (Reuters, 12/4/09)

2009        Dec 5, Afghan officials said US Marines and Afghan troops have killed at least seven Taliban fighters in Operation Cobra’s Anger in Helmand province. In eastern Afghanistan a US service member was killed by a planted bomb.
    (AP, 12/5/09)(AP, 12/6/09)

2009        Dec 6, In eastern Afghanistan a NATO airstrike killed six militants who were planting bombs along a road in Laghman province. A group of militants attacked a police convoy on a main road. Mullah Amiruddin, a key Taliban leader in northern Faryab province's Ghormach district. 4 police officers were killed in the gunbattle.
    (AP, 12/6/09)(AP, 12/7/09)

2009        Dec 7, Afghan lawmakers, refusing to be a rubber stamp, demanded a full, not partial, list of President Hamid Karzai's new Cabinet, the first test of the embattled leader's commitment to clean up graft and bribery in his government. Kabul Mayor Abdul Ahad Sahebi 963) was found guilty of awarding a contract for a city project without competition. An Afghan court sentenced him to four years in jail and ordered him to repay more than $16,000 involved in the contract. A British soldier from 1st Battalion The Royal Anglian Regiment was killed in Nad-e Ali in southern Helmand Province. He became Britain’s 100th soldier to die in the current war.
    (AP, 12/7/09)(AFP, 12/8/09)(AP, 12/9/09)

2009        Dec 8, The Afghan government said NATO forces killed six civilians during a pre-dawn operation in eastern Afghanistan. NATO disputed the allegation, saying only militants died.
    (AP, 12/8/09)

2009        Dec 12, In Afghanistan Wahibuddin Sadat, the deputy mayor of Kabul, was arrested for alleged misuse of authority, part of a crackdown in the wake of massive international criticism of corruption in President Hamid Karzai's government. 3 Taliban fighters were killed when a roadside bomb they were planting exploded in Helmand province. 4 Afghan private security guards were killed when their car hit a roadside bomb elsewhere in Helmand.
    (AP, 12/12/09)

2009        Dec 14, In Afghanistan 16 policemen were killed in two separate attacks. 8 police were killed by militants in Baghlan province. Taliban fighters attacked an outpost in Lashkar Gah, the capital of Helmand province, killing another 8 policemen.
    (AP, 12/14/09)(SFC, 12/15/09, p.A2)

2009        Dec 15, Afghan President Hamid Karzai opened a 3-day conference on corruption. He used his keynote speech to defend the most senior of his officials. He called for large-scale reform to stamp out the bribery and graft that permeate ministries and state offices. A suicide car bomber blew up his vehicle outside a former vice president's home in the heavily secured main diplomatic and government residential neighborhood of Kabul, killing eight people and wounding dozens. The wreckage of the bomber's car was in flames outside the gate to the Heetal Hotel, a small hotel used by foreigners in the Wazir Akbar Khan district. A roadside bomb killed four police officers near western Herat city. 2 Afghan army soldiers were killed in militant attacks in eastern Laghman province and southern Kandahar province.
    (SFC, 12/15/09, p.A5)(AP, 12/15/09)(Reuters, 12/15/09)(AP, 12/16/09)

2009        Dec 17, In Afghanistan a key conference on corruption ended with delegates suggesting the government end immunity for corrupt officials and intensify the fight against graft. A suicide attacker wounded 5 Afghan soldiers and 4 tribal leaders in the central province of Uruzgan.
    (AFP, 12/17/09)(AP, 12/17/09)

2009        Dec 19, Afghan President Hamid Karzai unveiled his choice of cabinet, reflecting a need to please all his backers from warlords to Washington and commit to clean government. Out of the 23 nominations, only one woman was put forward, to head the Ministry for Women's Affairs.
    (AFP, 12/19/09)(AP, 12/20/09)

2009        Dec 20, In Afghanistan 8 insurgents were killed in southern Helmand province, 6 in Ghazni in the east, 7 in northern Kunduz province, 2 in Kandahar province in the south and one in Wardak, west of Kabul. The joint Afghan-international force killed several militants after coming under fire while searching a compound in Wardak province. In eastern Nangarhar province a civilian was killed and 2 were injured when their vehicle was hit by a roadside bomb.
    (AP, 12/21/09)

2009        Dec 21, In Afghanistan police fought a three-hour gunbattle in the center of Gardez, Paktia province, finally killing two Taliban militants who stormed a multistory market with dozens of civilians inside.
    (AP, 12/21/09)

2009        Dec 22, In Afghanistan 4 militants were killed in two separate operations. In the Qarabagh district of Ghazni province, 3 insurgents were killed by a joint Afghan-international force. An Afghan army and police patrol killed a militant suspected of making bombs in Zabul province. In Kandahar province, 2 civilians were killed and 3 wounded when a roadside mine explosion hit their vehicle.
    (AP, 12/23/09)

2009        Dec 23, In Afghanistan Mohammad Yunos Shirnagha, a lawmaker from northern Baghlan province, was killed as he returned home in an early morning shootout between his bodyguards and police officers. In Helmand province a bomb killed three civilians and wounded five people, including a soldier. A Taliban commander responsible for several roadside bomb attacks was killed in a clash with Afghan and international forces in Zurmat district of Paktia province in the southeast. A Canadian soldier was killed in a roadside bomb attack.
    (AP, 12/23/09)(AP, 12/24/09)

2009        Dec 24, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber with a horse and cart detonated himself in Kandahar, killing 8 people and wounding 5.
    (AFP, 12/24/09)

2009        Dec 25,  In southern Afghanistan an American service member was killed in an attack in Kandahar. A joint force in Khost province captured several militants, including a known operative of the Jalaluddin Haqqani militant network, which is linked to al-Qaida. The Taliban released a 36-minute video in which Pfc. Bowe Bergdahl denounced the American military effort in Afghanistan. Bergdahl went missing on June 30, 2009.
    (AP, 12/26/09)(SFC, 12/26/09, p.A3)(SFC, 12/28/09, p.A4)

2009        Dec 26, In eastern Afghanistan a heavily armed Taliban commander was killed during an pre-dawn shootout at a mosque in Wardak province. An ISAF service member from the United States died following an IED strike in southern Afghanistan. Two members of the Afghan National Police were killed when militants attacked a checkpoint in western Afghanistan. 3 other policemen were missing following the attack in the Qadis district of Badghis province.
    (AP, 12/26/09)(AFP, 12/27/09)(AP, 12/28/09)

2009        Dec 27, In Afghanistan 10 civilians, including 8 students, were killed in fighting involving international forces in eastern Kunar province. Pres. Karzai condemned the deaths and called for an investigation. Afghan and international security forces captured militants in Kandahar province in southern Afghanistan and in Wardak and Khost provinces in the east. On Dec 30 Asadullah Wafa, a senior adviser to Pres. Karzai, said that 8 schoolchildren between the ages of 12 and 14 were among the dead discovered in a village house in the Narang district of Kunar province.
    (AP, 12/28/09)(AP, 12/30/09)

2009        Dec 28, In Afghanistan 5 people died in an explosion inside a house where militants were making homemade explosives near Khost city. In the north 6 militants were killed and 8 wounded in a clash with Afghan forces in Old Baghlan town. Two Afghan National Army soldiers and a member of the Afghan National Police also were killed in the fighting.
    (AP, 12/29/09)

2009        Dec 29, In Afghanistan an American soldier was killed and two Italian soldiers were injured when an Afghan soldier opened fire on a base in the province's Bala Murghab district.
    (AP, 12/29/09)

2009        Dec 30, In Afghanistan bombings killed 14 people, including 8 Americans and an Afghan in a suicide attack at a CIA base at the edge of Khost city, and 4 Canadian soldiers and a journalist by a roadside bomb in the southern Kandahar province. Humam Khalil Abu-Mulal al-Balawi (32), a physician from Jordan, was an Al-Qaida triple agent. 7 CIA employees and a Jordanian intelligence officer were among the victims. An airstrike by international forces in Helmand province killed 7 civilians, 2 Taliban and wounded another civilian. The attack took place after an international patrol came under fire from insurgents and called for air support. Suspected Taliban militants kidnapped 2 French journalists, Stephane Taponier and Herve Ghesquiere, working for France's public television and 3 Afghan companions in Kapisa province. The release of Taponier and Ghesquiere was announced on June 29, 2011.
    (AP, 12/31/09)(AFP, 12/31/09)(AP, 1/1/10)(AP, 1/5/10)(AFP, 6/29/11)

2009        Dec 31, Afghan police said militants beheaded 6 Afghans for cooperating with government authorities. The men were killed near the provincial capital of Tarin Kot. A seventh victim was being treated for serious neck wounds. A US service member died in eastern Afghanistan of injuries not related to battle. A British soldier was killed in an explosion in Helmand province.
    (AP, 12/31/09)(AP, 1/1/10)

2009        Seth G. Jones authored “In the Graveyard of Empires: America’s War in Afghanistan."
    (SSFC, 8/2/09, Books p.F2)
2009        Sam Kiley, British journalist, authored “Desperate Glory: At War in Helmand with Britain’s 16 Air Assault Brigade."
    (Econ, 10/3/09, p.106)
2009        Colonel Stuart Tootal, British commander, authored “Danger Close: Commanding 3 Para in Afghanistan."
    (Econ, 10/3/09, p.106)
2009         The US shut down a $24 million off the books intelligence-gathering program to track down suspected insurgent leaders in Afghanistan. The CIA and some military officials had complained that Michael Furlong, a senior Defense Dept. official, had hired contractors to run the program.
    (SFC, 3/24/10, p.A7)
2009        Irek Hamidullin, a Russian veteran of the Soviet war in Afghanistan who stayed in the country and joined the Taliban, was captured after an attack on Afghan border police and US soldiers in Khost province. In 2014 he appeared in a federal court in Virginia.
    (SFC, 11/5/14, p.A6)

2010        Jan 1, In Afghanistan 5 civilians were killed when their vehicle hit a bomb on a main road in Bala Murghab district in the northern province of Badghis. At least 4 security guards for a road construction crew were killed when their vehicle was hit by a roadside bomb in the northern part of Khost province.
    (AP, 1/1/10)

2010        Jan 2, Afghanistan's parliament dealt a stinging rebuke to President Hamid Karzai by rejecting 17 out of 24 of his nominees for a new cabinet, including a regionally powerful warlord and the country's only female minister.
    (AP, 1/2/10)

2010        Jan 3, Afghan President Hamid Karzai ordered parliament to cancel its winter recess so lawmakers can consider his new cabinet nominees. In southern Afghanistan 4 US troops and a British soldier were killed in two separate roadside bomb attacks.
    (AFP, 1/4/10)

2010        Jan 6, In Afghanistan an explosion tore through a group of children gathered around foreign soldiers visiting a US-funded road project, killing 4 kids and a policeman and wounding scores, including at least 3 American troops in eastern Nangarhar province. The blast occurred when a passing police vehicle hit a mine. In a separate attack in the province, 4 Afghan policeman were killed when a remote-controlled bomb blew up their vehicle in the Khagyani district. At least 15 people were injured in an explosion at a market in eastern Khost city. Soldiers found more than 5,300 pounds (2,400 kg) of processed opium, more than 1,000 pounds (450 kilograms) of wet opium paste, about 50 pounds (20 kilograms) of heroin and multiple firearms with ammunition in the Maywand district of Kandahar province.
    (AP, 1/6/10)(AP, 1/8/10)

2010        Jan 7, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber killed 8 civilians and a senior security commander in Gardez, the capital of eastern Paktia province, hours after a provincial governor survived a blast in nearby Khost province. A roadside bombs in Uruzgan province killed 8 Afghan soldiers. Another roadside bomb in the east killed a US service member.
    (AFP, 1/7/10)(AP, 1/8/10)(SFC, 1/8/10, p.A4)

2010        Jan 8, In Afghanistan two local intelligence guards were killed at a dog fight in the provincial capital of Pul-e Alam in Logar province. A suspected suicide bomber had entered the dog fight and opened fire. Other intelligence officers killed the gunman, who never detonated his alleged cache.
    (AP, 1/8/10)

2010        Jan 9, Afghan President Hamid Karzai presented a second slate of nominees to fill his Cabinet after parliament rejected 70 percent of his first picks. Afghan and NATO officials signed an agreement for NATO to hand over control of the prison at Bagram airbase near Kabul to Afghan authorities. A blast hit a convoy carrying a provincial council member from Wardak province, killing a bodyguard and wounding five others. Another explosion killed one policeman and wounded two in Kandahar. In southern Helmand province an explosion outside Nawa village killed a US Marine and Sunday Mirror journalist Rupert Hamer (39), a veteran war correspondent. Hamer became the first British journalist killed in the conflict. Photographer Philip Coburn (43) was seriously wounded. Mahmoud Mahdi Zeidan, a Jordanian militant who served as a bodyguard for al-Qaida's No. 3 leader, was killed in a US drone attack near the Afghan-Pakistan border.
    (AP, 1/9/10)(AFP, 1/9/10)(AP, 1/10/10)

2010        Jan 10, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed three charity workers and wounded two others in Uruzgan province. Bombs killed an American service member and two Afghan road construction workers in separate attacks in Helmand province.
    (AP, 1/10/10)(AP, 1/11/10)

2010        Jan 11, In Afghanistan 6 NATO service members, including 3 Americans, were killed, making it the deadliest day for the international force in more than two months. The Americans died in a firefight with militants during an "operational patrol" in southern Afghanistan. A French officer was killed during a joint patrol with Afghan troops in Alasay, some 50 miles (80 km) northeast of Kabul. A French service member was killed in the clash. A 6th NATO service member was killed by a roadside bomb in the south. A new poll was released that said nearly 7 in 10 Afghans support the presence of US forces in their country, and 61% favor the military buildup of 37,000 US and NATO reinforcements now deploying. A missile fired from an unmanned aircraft killed three insurgents farther south in the Nad Ali district of Helmand. A member of the Afghan National Police was killed and two others were wounded in a suicide at a police station in Uruzgan province. 13 insurgents were killed in the early hours when the Marines called in a Hellfire missile strike from an unmanned Predator drone into Bar Now Zad.
    (AP, 1/11/10)(AP, 1/12/10)(Reuters, 1/12/10)

2010        Jan 12, In Afghanistan protesters claiming that international troops destroyed copies of the Quran clashed with Afghan and foreign security forces, leaving six people dead in Helmand province's Garmsir district. Coalition troops saw a group of insurgents near a safe house preparing ammunition as well as insurgent mortar teams moving equipment and launched one missile in the Naw Zad area of Helmand province, killing 13 militants. A French army captain died of wounds suffered a day before during an insurgent ambush in the Alasay valley east of Kabul.
    (AP, 1/12/10)

2010        Jan 13, In Afghanistan 2 US soldiers, a French trooper and 5 Afghans were killed in bomb blasts. The United Nations reported that 2,412 Afghan civilians killed in 2009, the highest toll since the US-led invasion in late 2001. Four would-be suicide bombers were killed in a premature explosion near the city of Kandahar.
    (AFP, 1/13/10)(AP, 1/14/10)

2010        Jan 14, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber apparently planning to attack a meeting of NATO and tribal officials blew himself up in a busy market district in Dihrawud, Uruzgan province, killing at least 20 people, making it the deadliest attack against civilians in more than three months. Another suicide bomber targeted a police patrol in the southern town of Musa Qala, killing an Afghan national police officer and wounding four civilians.
    (AP, 1/14/10)

2010        Jan 15, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb struck a family traveling home after visiting a shrine, killing five people, including four children. Kabul police investigated a rocket attack in the Shar-e-Naw district, home to embassies, businesses and residences in Kabul.
    (AP, 1/15/10)
2010        Jan 15, In Afghanistan Pfc Andrew Holmes from 5 Joint Base Lewis-McChord killed an unarmed teenage villager from 15 feet away after fellow soldier Cpl. Morlock tossed a grenade at him. In 2011 Holmes pleaded guilty and was sentenced to 7 years in prison. Prosecutors said soldiers from Joint Base Lewis-McChord killed three civilians for sport during patrols in January, February and May. Army Staff Sgt. Calvin Gibbs killed a second victim with Spc. Michael Wagnon, and tossed an AK-47 at the man's feet to make him appear to have been an enemy fighter. In May, Gibbs threw a grenade at the victim as he ordered them to shoot. In 2011 Gibbs (26) was sentenced to 10 years in prison. During his court-martial Gibbs acknowledged cutting fingers off corpses to keep as war trophies.
    (http://tinyurl.com/42w29jn)(SFC, 9/24/11, p.A4)(SFC, 11/11/11, p.A18)

2010        Jan 16, Afghanistan's parliament rejected more than half of President Hamid Karzai's second list of Cabinet nominees, including two of three women, dealing him a fresh political blow as his government struggles to face the growing Taliban threat. The Taliban kidnapped two Chinese engineers and four Afghans accompanying them in the north of the country.
    (AP, 1/16/10)(AFP, 1/17/10)
2010        Jan 16, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Iran said they had agreed to work together more closely to combat extremism, illegal weapons trading and drug trafficking.
    (AP, 1/16/10)

2010        Jan 18, Afghan Taliban militants wearing explosives vests launched a brazen assault on the heart of Kabul, as suicide bombings and gunbattles near the presidential palace and other government buildings paralyzed the capital for hours. The 12 people killed included 7 attackers, 2 of whom detonated suicide bombs.
    (AP, 1/18/10)(SFC, 1/19/10, p.A2)

2010        Jan 19, A UN report said corruption in Afghanistan is so entrenched that Afghans had to pay bribes worth nearly a quarter of the country's GDP last year. 13 Uighers and two Turks were killed by a missile fired by a US unmanned aircraft near the Pakistan border.
    (AP, 1/19/10)(AP, 1/23/10)

2010        Jan 20, The Afghan government and its international partners agreed to significantly increase the country's security forces and outlined plans to lure Taliban militants from the fight and combat corruption in a bid to turn the tide of the war. A NATO raid in the Qara Bagh district targeted a Taliban commander and killed 4 suspected insurgents, including a 15-year-old boy shot while allegedly reaching for a soldier's gun. Villagers insisted the dead were civilians.
    (AP, 1/20/10)(AP, 1/22/10)

2010        Jan 22, Afghanistan banned the use of ammonium nitrate fertilizer, which was also used to make bombs, giving farmers and other holders a month to turn in their supplies. 4 Afghan soldiers were killed and one wounded when the convoy of the governor of Wardak province near Kabul was struck by a bomb. 7 Afghan civilians were killed and one wounded in the north when they tried to dig out a bomb left over from the Soviet invasion.
    (AP, 1/22/10)(AFP, 1/22/10)

2010        Jan 23, Afghanistan’s Pres. Karzai unveiled an ambitious Western-funded plan to offer money and jobs to tempt Taliban fighters to lay down their arms. Militants in the south killed two US soldiers and kidnapped a police chief in a series of attacks. Insurgents killed 3 Afghan women in the eastern province of Paktika. 12 militants were killed in Helmand.
    (AFP, 1/23/10)

2010        Jan 24, An Afghan official said authorities have arrested the ringleader of a group that staged a brazen attack in Kabul and now believe the assault was coordinated by al-Qaida. 3 US service members were killed in two bombings in the south. An explosion in the southern of Helmand killed a British soldier. A rocket attack struck the Kandahar Air Field, injuring four Bulgarians and at least two Romanians.
    (AP, 1/24/10)(AP, 1/25/10)

2010        Jan 25, In Afghanistan a Norwegian soldier died when his vehicle hit a roadside bomb in Faryab province in the north.
    (AP, 1/25/10)

2010        Jan 26, In Afghanistan gunmen killed 4 policemen overnight in Helmand province. Hours later a suicide car bomber targeted a US base in Kabul, wounding six Afghans and 8 Americans. In eastern Kunar province a NATO airstrike killed several suspected insurgents who were maneuvering into fighting position in an area previously used to stage attacks on int’l forces.
    (AP, 1/26/10)(SFC, 1/27/10, p.A2)

2010        Jan 27, In northern Afghanistan a joint NATO-Afghan air and ground assault killed 11 suspected Taliban militants, including two senior commanders. Leaders of the Shinwari, one of the largest Pushtun tribes, agreed to support the Afghan government and battle insurgents. American commanders in exchange agreed to channel $1 million in development projects directly to the tribal leaders, bypassing the Afghan government.
    (AP, 1/27/10)(SFC, 1/28/10, p.A4)
2010        Jan 27, In Britain world powers gathered in London for talks on how to tackle Al-Qaeda militants operating out of Yemen. The conference was called to help world powers chart a roadmap out of Afghanistan amid rising US and NATO casualties and falling public support.
    (AFP, 1/27/10)(AP, 1/28/10)
2010        Jan 27, NATO's top officer said that Russia had agreed to boost cooperation with the alliance in Afghanistan, including opening more transit routes for supplies to international troops and helping service Soviet-built helicopters used by the security forces. NATO said it had finalized an agreement with Kazakhstan to open the last leg on an overland route to Afghanistan from Europe via Russia, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, offering an alternative to the one through Pakistan.
    (AP, 1/27/10)(AP, 1/28/10)

2010        Jan 28, The Afghan government invited the Taliban to a peace council of elders, the strongest signal yet that Kabul and its Western allies are looking for a way out of the eight-year war in Afghanistan. US soldiers shot and killed an Afghan cleric as he drove with his young son near an American base on the eastern edge of Kabul, underscoring the dangers facing civilians despite NATO efforts to minimize casualties.
    (Reuters, 1/28/10)(AFP, 1/28/10)(AP, 1/28/10)
2010        Jan 28, In Britain world powers agreed on a timetable for the handover of security duties in Afghan provinces starting in late 2010. The 70 nations said Pres. Karzai had promised to crack down on corruption and said a summit in Kabul later this year would offer specific plans to bolster his faltering government.  The Afghan Taliban dismissed the London conference as a propaganda ploy and said the London summit will fail to produce results.
    (AP, 1/28/10)(AFP, 1/28/10)

2010        Jan 29, Afghan troops backed by NATO attack helicopters battled Taliban fighters wearing suicide vests who launched an assault in the heart of a Lashkar Gah in southern Helmand province. 6 militants were killed in the assault. In Ghazni province 2 Afghans were killed after failing to stop their vehicle when ordered. An Afghan interpreter working for the US military shot dead two American soldiers in Wardak province. Iranian guards opened fire and killed 5 laborers as they crossed into Iran from the southwestern province of Nimroz.
    (AP, 1/29/10)(AFP, 1/30/10)(SFC, 1/30/10, p.A3)(AP, 2/2/10)

2010        Jan 30, A joint US-Afghan force clashed with Afghan troops manning a snow-covered outpost and called in an airstrike, killing four Afghan soldiers. Both sides called the clash a case of mistaken identity.
    (AP, 1/30/10)

2010        Jan 31, Afghanistan's Pres. Karzai appealed to Taliban fighters to lay down their weapons and accept Afghan laws as the government and its international allies push a program to entice militants away from the insurgency. Karzai also said  that Afghanistan, one of the world's poorest countries, is sitting on mineral and petroleum reserves worth an estimated one trillion dollars.
    (AP, 1/31/10)(AFP, 1/31/10)

2010        Feb 2, In Afghanistan gunmen on a motorcycle killed two associates of Pres. Karzai’s brother.
    (AP, 2/2/10)
2010        Feb 2, Saudi Arabia said it will not get involved in peacemaking in Afghanistan unless the Taliban stops providing shelter and severs all ties with Osama bin Laden and Al-Qaeda. Afghan Pres. Karzai was in Saudi Arabia hoping for an active Saudi role to persuade Taliban militants to switch sides.
    (SFC, 2/3/10, p.A4)

2010        Feb 3, Afghan and NATO forces killed 32 suspected militants in southern Helmand province, the focus an imminent anti-Taliban offensive. Three Afghan soldiers were killed and four others wounded.
    (AP, 2/4/10)

2010        Feb 4, Russia hailed a new agreement with the United States intended to boost joint anti-drug efforts, but urged the US and NATO to do more to stem a flow of drugs from Afghanistan that has sickened millions of Russians.
    (AP, 2/4/10)

2010        Feb 5, In Afghanistan a bomb planted on a motorcycle ripped through a crowd gathered to watch a dog fight in southern Helmand province, killing three people and wounding more than 30. Afghan border police mistook a group of villagers gathering wood near the Pakistan border as insurgents and opened fire, killing seven civilians. US forces detained Atahullah Wahaab, deputy police chief in Kapisa province, for alleged corruption and links to insurgents.
    (AFP, 2/5/10)(AP, 2/6/10)(AFP, 2/7/10)

2010        Feb 7, In Afghanistan 2 two British soldiers were killed by an explosion in Sangin in Helmand Province, taking the death toll in Afghanistan to 255 since 2001. This raised Britain's death toll to that of the Falklands war.
    (AFP, 2/8/10)

2010        Feb 9, In Afghanistan US Army soldiers launched a preliminary operation in support of a planned US-Afghan attack on Marjah, the largest Taliban-controlled town in the south. Two NATO service members were killed in separate attacks, including an American who died in a bombing in the south. A French soldier was killed during a gunfight after insurgents attacked an Afghan army convoy being escorted by French troops in the eastern Kapisa province.
    (AP, 2/9/10)
2010        Feb 9, In Afghanistan massive avalanches roared down a northern mountain pass. The death toll soon reached 171 and it was unclear how many more bodies might be buried in the snow. Defense Minister Abdul Rahim Wardak said 3,000 people had been trapped in vehicles along the mountain pass at 3,400 meters (11,000) feet.
    (AP, 2/9/10)(Reuters, 2/10/10)(AP, 2/11/10)

2010        Feb 11, A Taliban suicide bomber wearing a border police uniform entered a US military base near the Pakistani border and blew himself up injuring five Americans. A joint Afghan-NATO force killed several insurgents during a raid on a compound where troops discovered the bodies of two men and two bound and gagged women. Family members accused US soldiers of killing innocent civilians.
    (AP, 2/12/10)

2010        Feb 12, Afghan and US troops fought back small-scale attacks by Taliban fighters on the northern outskirts of Marjah, as tribal elders pleaded for NATO to finish its planned attack on the Taliban stronghold quickly and carefully to protect civilians. Cars and trucks jammed the main road out Marjah as hundreds of civilians defied militant orders and fled the area ahead of the anticipated US-Afghan assault. A joint international-Afghan patrol fired on two men mistakenly believed to be insurgents in Gardez, south of Kabul. 3 women were "accidentally killed as a result of the joint force firing at the men." NATO confirmed its responsibility for the 5 deaths on April 4.
    (AP, 2/12/10)(AP, 4/5/10)(SFC, 4/5/10, p.A2)

2010        Feb 13, Thousands Afghan soldiers and US Marines stormed the Taliban stronghold of Marjah by air and ground, meeting only scattered resistance but facing a daunting thicket of bombs and booby traps that slowed their advance. NATO reported two troop casualties, an American and a Briton, on the first day of the offensive, called "Moshtarak," or "Together."
    (AP, 2/13/10)(AP, 2/14/10)

2010        Feb 14, Twelve Afghans, including 6 children, died when two rockets fired at insurgents missed their target and struck a house during the second day of NATO's most ambitious effort yet to break the militants' grip on the country's dangerous south. Thousands of NATO and Afghan troops encountered pockets of resistance, as they moved deeper into Marjah, a town of 80,000 people that is the linchpin of the militants' logistical and opium-smuggling network in Helmand province. Afghan officials said at least 27 insurgents have been killed in the operation. In the south two British service members died, one from small-arms fire and the other from a roadside bomb explosion.
    (AP, 2/14/10)(AP, 2/15/10)

2010        Feb 15, In Afghanistan sniper teams attacked US Marines and Afghan troops across the Taliban haven of Marjah, as several gun battles erupted on the third day of a major offensive to seize the extremists' southern heartland.
    (AP, 2/15/10)

2010        Feb 17, Military commanders raised the Afghan flag in the bullet-ridden main market of the Taliban's southern stronghold of Marjah as firefights continued to break out elsewhere in the town between holed-up militants and US and Afghan troops. Helmand Gov. Gulab Mangal said about 40 insurgents have been killed since the offensive began Feb 13. Four NATO service members have been killed, and one Afghan soldier.
    (AP, 2/17/10)

2010        Feb 18, The Afghan Interior Ministry said a NATO airstrike aimed at insurgents missed its target, killing 7 policemen in northern Kunduz province. Another Afghan official said Pakistan has captured two "shadow governors" belonging to Afghanistan's Taliban movement. The Afghan governor for Kunduz said Mullah Abdul Salam and Mullah Mir Mohammad, respectively the shadow governors of the northern Afghan provinces of Kunduz and Baghlan happened in Pakistan's Baluchistan province and were captured about a week ago. 9 militants linked to al-Qaida were nabbed overnight near Karachi. Six coalition troops were killed in the assault on Marjah, making it the deadliest day since the offensive began. The death toll so far is 11 NATO troops and one Afghan soldier.
    (AP, 2/18/10)(AP, 2/19/10)
2010        Feb 18, In Pakistan a bomb blast at a mosque in the northwestern Khyber tribal region killed 29 people including some militants. Missiles fired from a US unmanned drone aircraft killed Mohammad Haqqani, the brother of Afghan Taliban commander Siraj Haqqani, along with 3 associates. Both Haqqanis are sons of Jalaluddin Haqqani, a former US ally in the war against the Soviets in the 1980s.
    (AP, 2/18/10)(AP, 2/19/10)(Reuters, 2/19/10)(SFC, 2/19/10, p.A2)

2010        Feb 19, In Afghanistan a Western service member was killed in small arms fire as coalition forces continued to drive the Taliban from Marjah.
    (SFC, 2/20/10, p.A3)

2010        Feb 20, In Afghanistan 2 NATO service members were killed, one by rocket or mortar fire in the east and another in a bombing in the south. The fatalities was not related to the Marjah area fighting.
    (AP, 2/21/10)

2010        Feb 21, Afghan and US Marine units converged on a dangerous western quarter of the Taliban stronghold of Marjah, with NATO forces facing "determined resistance" as their assault on the southern town entered its second week. One service member involved in the Marjah offensive was killed in a roadside bombing. A NATO airstrike killed at least 27 Afghan civilians in central Uruzgan province, in the third coalition strike this month to kill noncombatants. A military report released on May 29 said inexperienced operators of a US drone aircraft ignored or downplayed signs that Afghan civilians were in the convoy in Uruzgan in which 23 civilians were killed and 12 others wounded.
    (AP, 2/21/10)(AP, 2/22/10)(AP, 5/29/10)(SSFC, 5/30/10, p.A7)

2010        Feb 22, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber killed 15 people in Nangarhar province, including a key tribal leader who played a major role in a failed attempt to capture al-Qaida leader Osama bin Laden at Tora Bora in 2001.
    (AP, 2/22/10)

2010        Feb 23, In Afghan Gen. Stanley McChrystal apologized for the Feb 21 strike in central Uruzgan province that Afghan officials say killed at least 21 people. The Afghan Cabinet said 27 civilians were killed including 4 women and a child. The video was also posted on a NATO Web site. The civilian deaths occurred as 15,000 NATO, US and Afghan soldiers were in their 10th day of fighting insurgents in Marjah, Helmand province. A Romanian soldier was killed and another was wounded in a bombing in the south unrelated to the offensive. A morning explosion in Lashkar Gah, the capital of Helmand, left eight people dead and at least 16 others wounded. The death toll of US troops in the Afghan war surpassed the grim milestone of 1,000.
    (AP, 2/23/10)(SFC, 2/23/10, p.A3)

2010        Feb 24, Afghanistan's main opposition criticized President Hamid Karzai's removal of foreign observers from a UN-backed electoral watchdog as "autocratic" and urged international pressure to ensure impartial elections. The decree took effect on February 13 and Karzai now has the power to choose the ECC's members after consulting with the chief justice and heads of parliament's two chambers.
    (AP, 2/24/10)(Econ, 2/27/10, p.48)

2010        Feb 25, The Afghan government took official control of the southern Taliban stronghold of Marjah, installing an administrator and raising the national flag while US-led troops worked to root out final pockets of militants.
    (AP, 2/25/10)
2010        Feb 25, Pakistan’s government confirmed the arrest of Afghan Taliban leader Maulavi Abdul Kabir. The paramilitary Frontier Corps killed 25 militants near the northwestern district of Darra Adam Khel during a joint 2-day operation with police.
    (SFC, 2/26/10, p.A4)(AP, 2/27/10)

2010        Feb 26, In Afghanistan insurgents struck in the heart of the Kabul with suicide attackers and a car bomb, targeting hotels used by foreigners and killing at least 17 people and wounding dozens. Pres. Karzai said were aimed at Indians working in Kabul. The dead included 6 Indians, an Italian diplomat, a French filmmaker and 3 police officers.
    (AP, 2/26/10)(SFC, 2/27/10, p.A3)
2010        Feb 26, German lawmakers voted 429-111 with 46 abstentions to increase the maximum number of German troops allowed to serve in Afghanistan to 5,350 from 4,500.
    (AP, 2/26/10)

2010        Feb 28, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb planted by the Taliban killed 11 civilians in the southern province of Helmand. A security worker was killed in main Qalat town of Zabul province when his vehicle was hit by a similar bomb. Elsewhere in Zabul five insurgents were killed during clashes between Afghan security forces and militants.
    (AP, 2/28/10)

2010        Feb, In Afghanistan Mathew Golsteyn, an American Green Beret, reportedly captured, shot and buried a suspected IED bomb maker in the Marjah area of Helmand province. He later went back out with two others to cremate the body and dispose of the remains. In 2011 Golsteyn reported his actions to the CIA a few months before he was awarded a Silver Star for other actions. In 2014 the Silver Star was revoked and in 2015 he faced possible dismissal for violation Geneva Conventions.
    (AP, 5/16/15)

2010        Mar 1, Afghanistan announced a ban on news coverage of Taliban strikes, saying such coverage only emboldened the Islamist militants. The move was denounced by Afghan journalism and rights groups. Two blasts hours apart killed at least six people in Kandahar. Four NATO service members died in separate attacks, including a suicide car bomb that targeted an international military convey as it crossed a bridge in the Taliban-dominated south.
    (AP, 3/1/10)(AFP, 3/1/10)

2010        Mar 2, The Afghan government denied that it had banned live media coverage of insurgent attacks, saying it was developing guidelines, not restrictions, to prevent live footage from aiding fighters at the scene.
    (AP, 3/2/10)

2010        Mar 6, British PM Gordon Brown made a surprise visit to troops in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 3/6/10)

2010        Mar 7, Afghan President Hamid Karzai made an unannounced visit to the southern town of Marjah, promising angry elders that he will rebuild the former Taliban stronghold after a big NATO operation. Scores of Islamist militants defected and joined the Afghan government as infighting among rebel groups left dozens dead including civilians. Regional police spokesman Laal Mohammad Ahmadzai said 11 Hezb-i-Islami commanders and 68 of their men in Baghlan province had defected to the government. Over the weekend 3 men in Helmand and Laghman provinces and 2 children in Kandahar were killed in a wave of bomb blasts. 3 NATO service members were killed in attacks, one in the south and two in the east. A roadside bomb blew up a car in the southwestern province of Badghis killing 10 civilians. Another civilian died in a separate bomb blast in the same region.
    (Reuters, 3/7/10)(AFP, 3/7/10)(AP, 3/8/10)

2010        Mar 8, In Afghanistan a pair of would-be suicide bombers armed with automatic rifles tried to storm government buildings in Khost, but were killed in a shoot-out with police.
    (AFP, 3/8/10)

2010        Mar 9, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed two Afghan border police and a civilian riding in their vehicle. A Taliban operative wearing an Afghan police uniform infiltrated NATO’s Chergotah base in Khost province and detonated his explosive vest next to a group of soldiers who were warming their hands beside a fire. 2 NATO service members were killed.
    (AP, 3/9/10)(AP, 3/10/10)

2010        Mar 10, In Afghanistan a rocket attack killed an Afghan soldier at a security post in Paktika province. In southern Helmand province 3 men were killed by a bomb blast in Marjah.
    (AP, 3/10/10)

2010        Mar 11, Afghan President Hamid Karzai, during a visit to Pakistan, said Afghanistan does not want a proxy war between Pakistan and India or anybody else fought on its soil. Five Afghan civilians, four of them children, were killed in an explosion in Kapisa province. A gunmen shot dead a South African construction contractor and his Afghan colleague in a separate attack in Khost province. One member of the NATO-led International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) was killed in an explosion in the south of the country.
    (Reuters, 3/11/10)

2010        Mar 13, Afghanistan's Pres. Karzai backed off from a much-criticized move to control the previously independent monitoring body for upcoming parliamentary elections, offering to allow two foreigners on the commission. Afghanistan rowed back from a total ban on media broadcasts of "disturbing" images from insurgent attacks or live pictures of security operations.  Police reported four explosions in Kandahar. Multiple bomb attacks in Kandahar killed 35 people, but failed to free insurgents from the city prison. The blasts included two car bombs, six suicide attackers on motorbikes and bicycles, and homemade bombs. The attackers targeted the city's prison, police headquarters, a wedding hall next door and other areas on roads leading to the prison.
    (AP, 3/13/10)(Reuters, 3/13/10)(AP, 3/14/10)

2010        Mar 14, In Afghanistan one US Marine was killed in a road accident in Marjah. An unmanned Predator drone aircraft crashed in southern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 3/15/10)

2010        Mar 15, In Afghanistan a rocket attack on Bagram Air Field killed one person. Afghan authorities in the eastern Paktika province prevented three would-be suicide bombers from attacking a security post in Barmal district. Six suspected Taliban also died after their vehicle hit a roadside bomb in Shah Wali Kot district in Kandahar province. 3 civilians were killed and 3 others were wounded when their vehicle hit a mine while they were moving household goods in Ghazni province. Fire from insurgents killed an Afghan child outside a NATO base in Kunar province.
    (AP, 3/15/10)

2010        Mar 16, In southern Afghanistan two NATO soldiers were killed by a crude bomb.
    (AP, 3/17/10)

2010        Mar 17, In Afghanistan 2 suicide attackers dressed in burqas were shot dead as they attempted to enter the compound of a US-linked aid organization in southern Lashkar Gah. Up to 35 people died when a bus carrying passengers taking home gas canisters collided with a truck on a treacherous mountain pass in northern Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 3/17/10)

2010        Mar 18, Afghan President Hamid Karzai boosted the power of an anti-corruption body that had faced fierce accusations of being toothless and half-hearted in its battle to wipe out official graft. US military officials said operations to push the Taliban out of their Afghan stronghold of Kandahar are under way and will steadily build in the months ahead.
    (AFP, 3/18/10)

2010        Mar 21, In southern Afghanistan at least ten people picnicking by a stream to celebrate the Afghan new year were killed in a suicide bomb attack. The blast struck a bridge on the main highway between the capital Kabul and Herat. In eastern Khost province a roadside bomb killed two construction company guards when it hit their car. In Wardak province an elderly man was shot and killed by a joint Afghan-int’l. force that mistakenly believed he was a threat.
    (AFP, 3/21/10)(SFC, 3/22/10, p.A2)

2010        Mar 22, Afghan President Hamid Karzai met a senior delegation from the insurgent group Hezb-i-Islami in Kabul, an unprecedented step toward peace that may signal divisions within the insurgency. NATO reported two more service members were killed in separate explosions in southern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 3/22/10)

2010        Mar 23, In northeastern Afghanistan the bodies of 30 people were recovered from the site of avalanche in the remote Arghang Khzahkha district north of Faizabad. The remains of five other people lost in the snow slide that occurred two weeks ago have not yet been located.
    (AP, 3/23/10)

2010        Mar 24, In  southern Afghanistan a bombing killed two NATO service members. A NATO soldier was killed by small-arms attack in southern Afghanistan. Six Taliban fighters were killed in Marjah, an area in the southern province of Helmand captured last month by NATO, US and Afghan troops during a massive operation. Two Afghan civilians died in the crossfire of a gun battle between foreign troops and militants in Khost province.
    (AP, 3/24/10)(AFP, 3/25/10)
2010        Mar 24, In China the presidents of Afghanistan and China oversaw the signing of new agreements aimed at strengthening the Afghan economy as a step toward combating the Taliban and achieving political stability.
    (AP, 3/24/10)

2010        Mar 25, The top UN envoy for Afghanistan, Staffan de Mistura, met with delegates from Hezb-e-Islami, the country's second-biggest militant group, who are in Kabul for talks on a possible peace deal. Hezb-e-Islami is headed by warlord Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, who is black-listed as a terrorist by the UN and the US.
    (AFP, 3/25/10)

2010        Mar 26, In eastern Afghanistan a gunman attacked a group of German and Afghan aid workers inspecting a high school under renovation. 2 people died and a German employed by German humanitarian organization GTZ was among 10 people wounded when assailants opened fire on workers in Khost city.
    (AP, 3/26/10)(AFP, 3/27/10)

2010        Mar 27, In southern Afghanistan an international service member was killed by a roadside bomb. 6 civilians were killed in two separate roadside bomb explosions, one in Sangin district and one in Nawa district.
    (AP, 3/27/10)(AP, 3/28/10)
2010        Mar 27, Iran used an ancient new year celebration to reach out to Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Iraq, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, and Turkey at a summit meeting that projected Iranian leadership in the strategic region straddling the Middle East and Central Asia.
    (AP, 3/27/10)

2010        Mar 28, President Barack Obama made a surprise visit to Afghanistan for a firsthand look at the 8-year-old war he inherited and dramatically escalated. German Interior Minister Thomas de Maiziere held talks in Afghanistan on stuttering progress in training the country's security forces. Russia accused the US of conniving with Afghanistan's drug producers by refusing to destroy opium crops, the second time in a week Moscow has taken a swipe at the West over drug policy.
    (AP, 3/28/10)(AFP, 3/28/10)(Reuters, 3/28/10)

2010        Mar 29, In Afghanistan a NATO helicopter crashed, injuring 14 people in Zabul province. Elsewhere in the south a service member was killed in a bomb strike.
    (AP, 3/29/10)

2010        Mar 30, In western Afghanistan 5 civilians have been killed after their van hit a bomb planted in the road outside Herat.
    (AFP, 3/30/10)
2010        Mar 30, Canada’s PM Stephen Harper told US Sec. of State Hillary Clinton that its military mission in Afghanistan will end in 2011.
    (SFC, 3/31/10, p.A2)

2010        Mar 31, In southern Afghanistan a bomb concealed on a bicycle killed 13 people, as the Pentagon's top military officer said NATO forces hope to reverse the Taliban's momentum in the south with an upcoming offensive in Kandahar.
    (AP, 3/31/10)

2010        Mar, British Grenadier Guardsman Daniel Crook stabbed Ghulam Nabi (10) while on a patrol in the Nad-e Ali district of southern Helmand province. In 2011 Crook was jailed for 18 months for bayoneting the boy. The boy's father said that he had received $800 (600 euros) in compensation but no apology.
    (AFP, 12/3/11)

2010        Apr 1, Afghan President Hamid Karzai accused foreign powers of orchestrating enormous fraud in elections that returned him to power last year. Kosuke Tsuneoka, a Japanese freelance journalist and veteran of war zones, went missing after traveling to a Taliban controlled area in the north. Tsuneoka was released on Sep 4 in good health and was at the Japanese Embassy in Kabul.
    (AFP, 4/2/10)(AP, 9/5/10)

2010        Apr 2, In northern Afghanistan 3 German soldiers were killed in heavy fighting and five were severely wounded southwest of Kunduz city. German soldiers traveling to the scene of the deadly firefight with Taliban insurgents accidentally killed six Afghan troops.
    (AP, 4/2/10)(AP, 4/3/10)

2010        Apr 3, The upper house of Afghanistan's parliament backed a decree by President Hamid Karzai that limits foreigners' role in elections, giving him a victory in a dispute that has led to a quarrel with the White House.
    (Reuters, 4/3/10)

2010        Apr 5, In Afghanistan NATO forces killed 10 militants in a raid on a compound in Nangarhar province's Khogyani district. Gunmen seriously wounded an Afghan provincial councilwoman in a drive-by shooting in Pul-e Khumri, capital of northern Baghlan province. In Helmand province 4 insurgents and 4 civilians died in a NATO airstrike.
    (AP, 4/5/10)(AP, 4/6/10)

2010        Apr 6, In western Afghanistan 27 insurgents were killed in ground fighting and airstrikes in Badghis province, in what appeared to be a major blow to Taliban influence in the region.
    (AP, 4/6/10)

2010        Apr 7, Afghan and foreign troops killed several insurgents during an operation to capture a senior Taliban commander suspected of providing materials used in making roadside bombs. 2 insurgents were captured during the operation in Helmand province's Kajaki Sofla.
    (AP, 4/9/10)

2010        Apr 8, Afghan police thwarted a major attack in Kabul, arresting five would-be suicide bombers, the largest such group apprehended in the capital. In Helmand province a local Taliban commander killed a Marjah tribal leader, his nephew and three others. In eastern Afghanistan one international service member died in combat with insurgents. A US Air Force Osprey aircraft crashed in southeastern Zabul province, killing 3 service members and one government contractor. It was the first combat crash of the tilt-rotor aircraft, each valued at nearly $70 million.
    (AP, 4/8/10)(AP, 4/9/10)(SFC, 4/10/10, p.A3)
2010        Apr 9, Australia suspended refugee applications from Afghans and Sri Lankans, citing improved conditions in those countries. Human rights advocates expressed concern about the move and an immigrant group condemned it.
    (AP, 4/9/10)

2010        Apr 10, Afghan officials said 2 Italian doctors are among nine people detained in an alleged plot to kill Helmand's provincial governor. On April 18 Afghan authorities released three Italian medical workers who had been detained for a week, clearing them of allegations they were part of a Taliban plot to kill a provincial governor.
    (AP, 4/10/10)(AP, 4/18/10)

2010        Apr 11, Afghan President Hamid Karzai urged Taliban insurgents to lay down their arms and air their grievances while visiting a violent northern province, adding that foreign forces would not leave the country as long as fighting continued.
    (AP, 4/11/10)

2010        Apr 12, In Afghanistan international troops opened fire on a bus carrying Afghan civilians in Kandahar province, killing four people, setting off anti-American protests in a key southern city where coalition forces hoped to rally the public for a coming offensive against the Taliban. In Kandahar city, 3 suicide bombers attacked an Afghan intelligence services compound, but security forces repelled them. Roadside bombs killed four policemen and two Afghan soldiers in Faryab province's Ghormach district. 3 women died when mortars fired by suspected insurgents hit their homes in Kapisa province. 2 people were wounded when their tractor ran over a mine in the far southwestern province of Nimroz.
    (AP, 4/12/10)(AP, 4/13/10)

2010        Apr 15, In southern Afghanistan a car bomb outside hotel in Kandahar city, injuring at least 6 people. A few hours later an Afghan civilian and two security guards were killed when the car slammed into a compound in Kandahar used by foreign security firms. A scrap metal dealer and four children helping him were killed by a suspected homemade bomb as they loaded materials collected door-to-door in rural Kandahar. Fighting in the north of the country left four German troops dead. One civilian was killed and one injured when a bomb blew up beneath the tractor they were riding near Gardez in the eastern province of Paktika. 5 Afghan UN employees were missing after their vehicles were hijacked in northern Baghlan province. The UN employees were freed in a military operation on May 17.
    (AP, 4/15/10)(AFP, 4/16/10)(AP, 4/16/10)(AP, 5/17/10)

2010        Apr 17, In southern Afghanistan a NATO solider was killed by a roadside bomb. 2 Dutch marines were killed in southern Uruzgan province.
    (AP, 4/18/10)

2010        Apr 18, The Afghan Interior Ministry said at least 29 militants, including two commanders, have been killed over four days of intense fighting aimed at protecting supply routes through northern Afghanistan. One person was killed and 14 wounded when a remote-controlled bomb exploded in the town of Dawlatabad in northern Faryab province.
    (AP, 4/18/10)

2010        Apr 19, The Afghan intelligence service said security forces have arrested nine members of a terrorist cell and seized nearly a quarter-ton of explosives, foiling a plot to stage suicide bombings and other attacks in Kabul. In southern Kandahar province, a remote-controlled bomb planted on a donkey exploded near a police checkpoint, killing three children aged 11, 12 and 15. An American and an Afghan soldier were killed by a suicide bomber at an Afghan National Army facility just outside Kabul. 3 students and a police officer were killed in crossfire between foreign soldiers and insurgents in eastern Khost province. Insurgents killed Azizullah Yarmal, the vice mayor of the southern city of Kandahar, as he prayed at a mosque.
    (AP, 4/19/10)(AFP, 4/20/10)(AP, 4/20/10)(AP, 4/21/10)(AP, 4/24/10)

2010        Apr 21, Afghan and NATO officials announced that authorities captured a local Taliban commander, Mullah Faqir, earlier this month after a gunbattle in Uruzgan province.
    (AP, 4/21/10)
2010        Apr 21, Germany recognized 14 US soldiers serving in Afghanistan for risking their lives to help German soldiers in a firefight on April 2, Good Friday, awarding them the country's Gold Cross medal.
    (AP, 4/21/10)

2010        Apr 22, Afghan and NATO forces came under heavy fire while searching a compound in eastern Logar province, sparking a gunbattle that killed two US soldiers and five insurgents.
    (AP, 4/23/10)
2010        Apr 23, NATO ministers meeting in Tallinn, Estonia, agreed to begin handing over control of Afghanistan to the Afghan government this year, a process that if successful would enable President Barack Obama to meet his target date of July 2011 for starting to bring US troops home.
    (AP, 4/23/10)

2010        Apr 25, In Afghanistan 13 girls became sick in northern Kunduz province. Another 47 had complained of dizziness and nausea the day before, and 23 fell ill on April 21. A strange odor in their classrooms, prompted an investigation into whether they were targeted by militants who oppose education for girls or victims of mass hysteria. Hundreds of people blocked a main road in Logar province, and burned several trucks to protest what they said were civilian deaths in NATO operations. In southern Zabul province a suicide bomber attacked private security guards while they were at a bazaar, killing four Afghans and wounding 12. One Afghan police officer was killed and another was wounded during an attack on a militant compound in the Wordoch district of Badakshkhan province northeast of Kabul. 2 militants were killed in the operation. Government forces on a mission to eradicate poppies in eastern Nangrahar province came under fire. During the gunbattle three Afghans were killed. Six Taliban militants were killed in the fighting.
    (AP, 4/25/10)(AP, 4/26/10)

2010        Apr 26, In Afghanistan two explosions killed two civilians and injured one police officer and one civilian in Kandahar. Another policeman was injured in the blast in the city's north. The wave of violence in Kandahar has forced the UN to tell more than 200 of its Afghan employees there to stay home. Several foreign UN employees have been temporarily moved to Kabul.
    (AP, 4/26/10)

2010        Apr 27, In eastern Afghanistan a NATO soldier was killed following a gun attack.
    (AFP, 4/27/10)

2010        Apr 29, NATO troops in Nangarhar province raided the home of a prominent Afghan lawmaker overnight, killing one of her relatives. In Laghman province a suicide bomber blew up a car packed with explosives near an Afghan army training facility, killing a soldier.
    (AP, 4/29/10)

2010        Apr 30, In southern Afghanistan foreign troops killed two women and a girl as they traveled by car.
    (AFP, 4/30/10)

2010        May 2, In southern Afghanistan a British soldier died in an explosion while protecting fellow troops as they returned from a patrol.
    (AFP, 5/2/10)

2010        May 3, In southern Afghanistan two NATO service members died, one from a roadside bomb, the other in a vehicle accident. A joint operation between Afghan and NATO forces killed five militants in central Afghanistan. Several militants also were arrested in the operation in Gezeb district of Daykundi province. In eastern Afghanistan a suicide bomber killed one civilian outside the Camp Chapman CIA base.
    (AP, 5/4/10)(SFC, 5/4/10, p.A2)

2010        May 4, In Afghanistan Hayat Khan, a tribal elder, was gunned down while he was shopping in the volatile southern city of Kandahar, the latest targeted killing ahead of a NATO-led operation there that will be a critical test of the Afghan war. A former member of southern Zabul province's women's affairs department was fatally shot. In northern Kunduz province Taliban militants killed two civilians they accused of spying for the government.
    (AP, 5/4/10)

2010        May 5, In southwestern Afghanistan Taliban suicide bombers disguised as police attacked a government compound in Nimroz province. 8 attackers blew themselves up and police shot the ninth. Two police officers and a provincial council member died. 3 explosions targeted the vehicles of private development companies in the southern provinces of Kandahar and Zabul. One person was killed and 11 were wounded in the blasts. Floodwaters coursed through several villages while residents slept in western Herat province. At least 20 people were killed and 30 injured.
    (AP, 5/5/10)(AP, 6/11/10)

2010        May 6, Afghan officials said the Taliban have ordered mobile phone operators to shut down their networks during the night in a northern Afghan province, a sign of the militants' increasing influence in a once peaceful area. A NATO service member was killed in a roadside bomb in southern Afghanistan. Another died from a mortar or rocket attack in the east.
    (Reuters, 5/6/10)(AP, 5/6/10)(AP, 5/7/10)

2010        May 7, Afghan civilians traveling south of the capital of Kabul died when their vehicle hit a large roadside bomb. A NATO service member died following an insurgent attack in southern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 5/7/10)(AP, 5/8/10)

2010        May 8, In eastern Afghanistan private security guards opened fire and killed a 30-year-old civilian after the guards' vehicle hit a roadside bomb in Wardak province.
    (AP, 5/8/10)

2010        May 9, In Afghanistan an insurgent rocket, apparently fired at a NATO convoy, missed its target and hit a civilian vehicle in southern Helmand province killing four civilians. A NATO service members died in an insurgent attack in eastern Afghanistan. Allied forces fired five illumination rounds while pursuing Taliban suspects in an orchard in the Mizan district of southeastern Zabul province. NATO spokesman Lt. Col. Todd Vician later said a canister from one of the flares may have landed on the roof of an Afghan home and killed two people and injured two others.
    (AP, 5/10/10)(AP, 5/13/10)

2010        May 10, Afghan President Hamid Karzai arrived in Washington, seeking to show a united front with the United States during a pivotal time in the nine-year war. In northeast Afghanistan heavy rain sent floodwaters tearing through villages, killing at least 10 people and destroying hundreds of homes. A roadside bomb struck a car in southeastern Zabul province, killing two civilians. Afghan and NATO forces killed 18 militants and arrested six in the Sangin district of southern Helmand province. The NATO alliance killed "several insurgents" in Khost.
    (AP, 5/10/10)(AP, 5/11/10)

2010        May 11, Afghanistan's government, facing international pressure to wipe out corruption, said it had dissolved 152 Afghan and 20 international aid organizations, some for misconduct. A bomb attack killed two US service members in southern Afghanistan. In northern Kunduz province about 50 students at a girls' school were hospitalized after losing consciousness or vomiting in what the top local health official called a suspected poison gas attack. 4 teachers and 9 students were hospitalized after a bomb went off underneath a stairwell at a boys' school in the Smalhail district of eastern Khost province. In the Mizan district of southern Zabul province, a rocket fired in clashes between allied and Taliban fighters hit a civilian home, killing two girls and injuring a mother and son.
    (AFP, 5/11/10)(AP, 5/11/10)(AP, 5/12/10)

2010        May 12, President Barack Obama and Afghan President Hamid Karzai met at the White House in a show of unity aimed at patching over differences at a pivotal time in the nearly nine-year-old war.
    (Reuters, 5/12/10)
2010        May 12, In southern Afghanistan violence erupted where an American and a Romanian soldier were killed. Attackers on motorcycles shot and killed the No. 2 prisons official in the southern province of Kandahar. The Taliban claimed responsibility for assassinating the prison official and an explosion injured at least three people. A bomb exploded near a police training center in Kandahar city, injuring at least three people. Allied forces killed five insurgents after a joint patrol came under fire in the Sangin district of Helmand province while searching for a Pakistan-based Taliban commander.
    (AP, 5/12/10)(AP, 5/13/10)

2010        May 13, In Afghanistan officials said at least three dozen suspected insurgents were killed in two days of joint NATO and Afghan operations across the country. A NATO service member died following in a roadside bombing in the restive south.
    (AP, 5/13/10)(AP, 5/14/10)

2010        May 14, In eastern Afghanistan hundreds of protesters brandished sticks, threw stones and burned an American flag as they accused NATO forces of killing civilians in an overnight raid, but the alliance said eight insurgents were killed in the attack. NATO said at least nine insurgents were killed the previous night during a pursuit of suspected militants in the Tarnak Wa Jaldak district of eastern Zabul province. An American service member died in an insurgent attack in the east. A suicide bomber in Gardez jumped in front of a vehicle in a convoy of the governor of eastern Paktiya province, who narrowly escaped the attack. A civilian was killed and four other people injured. Afghan and coalition forces conducted sweeps across Afghanistan that left at least 30 militants dead, while insurgents in the east killed five security guards in an ambush on a convoy. 8 militants were killed and two others wounded in a joint raid by Afghan and coalition forces in Nangahar province. Allied forces led joint operations in northern Baghlan, eastern Logar, and southern Kandahar provinces, in which a total of seven insurgents were killed.
    (AP, 5/14/10)(AP, 5/15/10)

2010        May 15, Afghan police officers came under attack from insurgents while working to defuse a roadside bomb in eastern Paktia province. One militant was killed and two others arrested after a gunbattle. Zabiullah Mujahid, a Taliban spokesman, boasted that the group had kidnapped and killed 4 Afghan interpreters in Khost province. Insurgents attacked a convoy in Andar district of Ghazni province, killing one private security guard and injuring two others.
    (AP, 5/16/10)(SSFC, 5/16/10, p.A7)(AP, 5/17/10)
2010        May 15, British PM David Cameron and Afghan President Hamid Karzai agreed to strengthen ties between London and Kabul in the first meeting between the new British PM and a foreign leader.
    (AFP, 5/15/10)

2010        May 16, An Afghan official said a mystery disease infecting opium poppies in Afghanistan could cut this year's illicit crop in some areas by up to 70 percent. A US service member was killed following an insurgent attack in southern Afghanistan. 2 militants on a motorbike opened fire on a car belonging to a National Security Directorate official who was on his way to work. The intelligence official's driver was killed. The appellate court of the Afghan Criminal Justice Task Force reported that drug-traffickers from the provinces of Nangarhar, Herat, Kapisa, Helmand, Panjshir, Kunar, Kandahar and Wardak were fined and sentenced to prison last week. Militants shot and killed Rahman Gul, a prominent Muslim cleric who had called for peace, along with two members of his family in Kunar province. 2 US service members died in southern Afghanistan. One was killed in an insurgent attack, and the other died of injuries sustained a day earlier.
    (AP, 5/16/10)(AP, 5/17/10)

2010        May 17, In northern Afghanistan a Pamir Airways passenger plane crashed with 44 people on board. The British Embassy in Kabul confirmed that three British nationals were among 6 foreigners on the plane. Poor weather hampered search efforts. No survivors were found. 5 Afghan UN staffers kidnapped in northern Afghanistan a month ago were freed in a military operation. 2 Italian soldiers in the NATO mission were killed by a roadside bomb while riding in a convoy near the western city of Herat. Two other soldiers were wounded. Two other NATO service members died in separate bomb attacks.
    (AFP, 5/17/10)(AP, 5/17/10)(AP, 5/21/10)

2010        May 18, A Taliban suicide car bomber struck a NATO convoy in Kabul, killing six troops 5 American and one Canadian. Twelve Afghan civilians also died, many of them on a public bus in rush-hour traffic.
    (AP, 5/18/10)

2010        May 19, In Afghanistan insurgents launched a brazen pre-dawn assault against the giant US-run Bagram Air Field, killing an American contractor and wounding nine troops in the second Taliban strike at NATO forces in and around the capital in as many days. 10 guerrillas were killed including 4 with suicide vests.
    (AP, 5/19/10)(SFC, 5/20/10, p.A3)

2010        May 20, In the Maldives 15 representatives of the Afghan government met with 7 Taliban members for talks, which would continue over the weekend. A Taliban statement the next day said those at the talks claiming to be from the Taliban are no longer active members and have "surrendered" to President Hamid Karzai's government.
    (SFC, 5/21/10, p.A2)(AP, 5/21/10)

2010        May 22, In southern Afghanistan 3 foreign soldiers and one civilian working with NATO's International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) were killed in two separate incidents. At least a dozen people were killed south of Kabul after US troops spotted two insurgents trying to plant bombs.
    (AFP, 5/22/10)(AP, 5/22/10)

2010        May 24, Afghan authorities announced the arrest of seven people in last week's car suicide car bombing that killed six NATO soldiers, including three American colonels and a Canadian colonel.
    (AP, 5/24/10)

2010        May 26, In Afghanistan a car bomb exploded outside a small NATO military base in Kandahar City, wounding two Afghans and destroying several cars. A British soldier was shot dead while on foot patrol in southern Helmand province. In eastern Nuristan province, police have been battling hundreds of insurgents for four days. Militants made a push to capture all of Barg-e-Matal district on the Pakistan border, sparking heavy fighting throughout the area. A senior border police official said he had credible reports that Taliban commander Maulana Fazlullah was killed. At least seven militants and one police officer have died so far in the fighting in Nuristan's Barg-e-Matal district.
    (AP, 5/26/10)(AFP, 5/26/10)(AP, 5/27/10)

2010        May 28, Afghan forces battled militants in a remote region near the Pakistan border for a sixth day, as officials tried to confirm reports that a key Pakistani Taliban leader was killed in the fighting. The US military suffered its 1,000th death in the nearly 9-year-old Afghan war. In eastern Afghanistan militants ambushed an Afghan police convoy in Paktia province, killing five officers with a roadside bomb and opening fire before fleeing when NATO aircraft started a bombardment. A senior Taliban leader in Baghlan province was killed in a NATO airstrike. The man, who was not named, was said to be the Taliban's "shadow governor" of the region and was responsible for organizing and directing attacks on coalition forces.
    (AP, 5/28/10)(AP, 5/29/10)
2010        May 28, US Gen. Stanley McChrystal, and other dignitaries officially launched the construction of a rail link between northern Afghanistan and neighboring Uzbekistan.
    (AP, 5/28/10)

2010        May 29, Taliban insurgents claimed a victory when they captured an Afghan government outpost in a remote mountainous region near the Pakistan border. Officials said up to a dozen Taliban-linked militants, including their commander, were killed when NATO and Afghan troops backed by air support struck their sanctuaries in the northern Baghlan mountains.
    (AP, 5/29/10)(AP, 5/30/10)

2010        May 30, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb struck a police patrol in remote northeastern Badakhshan province, killing 7 officers. NATO helicopters raided a militant hideout in Panjwayi district, killing up to 8 insurgents. A local farmer at the Kandahar city hospital said that the strike had injured 4 civilians, including his father. Elsewhere in Kandahar, Afghan men evacuating wounded relatives said NATO helicopters struck their mudbrick homes, killing one and injuring 4 others. Gen. Stanley McChrystal, commander of NATO and US forces, stressed that progress toward real stability in Afghanistan will be slow as international troops painstakingly try to win over a population that includes its enemies and has little trust in the government. In Khost province men using rocket-propelled grenades and bombs blew up a barely completed school built with int’l. aid at a cost of $220,000.
    (AFP, 5/30/10)(SFC, 5/31/10, p.A3)

2010        May 31, Afghan authorities suspended two Christian foreign aid groups on suspicion of proselytizing in the strictly Islamic nation and said a follow-up investigation would include whether other groups were trying to convert Muslims. US-based Church World Service and Norwegian Church Aid will not be allowed to operate while the allegations are investigated. About 180 Taliban attacked a police post in the Purchaman district in southwestern Farah province, triggering hours of fighting that killed 15 insurgents. A NATO service member was killed by a makeshift bomb in southern Afghanistan. In Khost province on Pakistan's border, NATO and Afghan forces captured several commanders of the Haqqani group.
    (AP, 5/31/10)(AP, 6/1/10)

2010        May, In Afghanistan Sayed Mussa was arrested in late May after an Afghan television station broadcast images of alleged Christian baptisms in Kabul. He was released in Feb, 2011, after an intense campaign by international diplomatic missions and Christian activists.
    (AP, 2/25/11)

2010        Jun 1, US helicopters flew Afghan troops into a district of Nuristan province, overrun by the Taliban, and recaptured Barg-e-Matal, the main town, without firing a shot. 54 militants were killed or wounded in fighting and airstrikes before this operation began. 2 police died. A US soldier died from militant gunfire in Kandahar province.
    (AP, 6/1/10)(AP, 6/3/10)

2010        Jun 2, Taliban militants launched a suicide attack on Afghanistan's national peace conference as President Hamid Karzai interrupted his opening remarks to reassure nervous delegates hearing the thump of rockets and rattle of gunfire outside. At least two attackers were killed in fighting with Afghan security forces near the giant tent erected for the 3-day gathering. Five militants were killed and eight others in addition to district-level Taliban commander, Mullah Habibullah, were arrested in the operation in Sayed Abad district of Wardak province. In Zabul province an operation by NATO and Afghan forces killed five Taliban insurgents. A clash between Afghan forces and Taliban militants left four civilians dead in Helmand province. A roadside bombing in the same province killed four other civilians.
    (AP, 6/2/10)(AP, 6/3/10)

2010        Jun 4, An Afghan national peace conference urged the government to take formal steps toward negotiating with insurgents, boosting President Hamid Karzai's plans to open talks with the Taliban. NATO forces said NATO and Afghan troops have killed Mullah Zergay, a top Taliban commander for Kandahar city, along with several of his guards last week. 2 British soldiers were killed in a gunbattle with insurgents in southern Helmand province. NATO aircraft pounded a target in Kunar province, killing 9 Taliban militants including 3 Pakistanis. Three insurgents were killed and four wounded in a gunbattle with Afghan forces in Ghazni province.
    (AP, 6/4/10)(AP, 6/5/10)

2010        Jun 5, In Afghanistan a bomb exploded outside the provincial governor's office in Kandahar city, killing one policeman and wounding at least 14 civilians. Afghan and foreign forces killed 25 Taliban militants in two separate military operations in central Uruzgan province.
    (AP, 6/5/10)(AP, 6/6/10)

2010        Jun 6, In Afghanistan 5 NATO soldiers were killed in a day of violence which left another six dead and 26 wounded. President Hamid Karzai ordered a review of all cases of suspected insurgents in jails in Afghanistan and called for the release of those being held without sufficient evidence. Pres. Karzai accepted the resignations of Interior Minister Hanif Atmar and intelligence chief Amrullah Saleh after an investigation into a June 2 Taliban attack.
    (AFP, 6/6/10)(Reuters, 6/6/10)
2010        Jun 6, Russia urged NATO forces in Afghanistan to crack down harder on drug production and smuggling, and offered to help put a security ring around the country.
    (AP, 6/6/10)

2010        Jun 7, In Afghanistan 10 deaths marked the deadliest day of the year for ISAF. The dead included 7 Americans, 2 Australians and a French Legionnaire. They were killed in five separate insurgent attacks in the south and east of the country. Two civilian contractors training police, an American and a Nepalese, also died in a suicide attack in Kandahar city. In Badghis, Afghan special forces backed by US helicopter gunships battled insurgents for 12 hours overnight in a remote Taliban-controlled region, killing 23 militants.
    (AP, 6/8/10)

2010        Jun 8, In Afghanistan 2 American troops were killed by a roadside bomb and a British soldier was shot dead on patrol. Kandahar's provincial government said in a statement that Afghan and NATO troops had battled Taliban militants in the Mianshen district, killing 14 insurgents. The Interior Ministry said seven Afghan private security guards were killed two separate attacks in eastern Ghazni province.
    (AP, 6/8/10)

2010        Jun 9, In southern Afghanistan Insurgents shot down a NATO helicopter and killed four American troops in Helmand province. A local official said the Taliban hanged a 7-year-old boy in public in Helmand province for alleged spying. A 12-13 year-old suicide bomber detonated his vest at a wedding party for a family with ties to police in the Taliban's heartland, killing over 40 people and wounding dozens more in Nadahan village in the Arghandab district of Kandahar province. Insurgents dragged a Kandahar provincial council member, Amir Mohammad Noorzai, from his house and fatally shot him.
    (AP, 6/9/10)(AP, 6/10/10)(SFC, 6/10/10, p.A2)(SFC, 6/11/10, p.A2)

2010        Jun 10, Britain’s PM David Cameron made his first official visit to Afghanistan, ruling out the prospect of sending extra forces and calling for quicker progress to bring troops home.
    (AFP, 6/10/10)

2010        Jun 11, NATO leaders declared that the alliance had regained the initiative in the Afghan war, promising that the gains could result in a handover of security responsibilities in some parts of the country to local authorities by year's end. Two US troops and at least 11 civilians died in violence across southern Afghanistan, including one attack in which a suicide bomber wearing a burqa blew himself up in a bazaar.
    (AP, 6/11/10)

2010        Jun 13, In central Afghanistan Taliban militants attacked a police post, sparking a day-long battle which killed 8 policemen, 4 civilians and 9 militants in the Kijran district of Day Kundi province.
    (AFP, 6/13/10)

2010        Jun 14, A spokesman for Afghan Pres. Hamid Karzai's said US geologists have discovered vast mineral wealth in Afghanistan, possibly amounting to $1 trillion. Militants attacked Afghan and NATO forces outside of Jalalabad city. The resulting firefight left two police officers and five attackers dead. Roadside bombs killed four police officers in Wardak province and one in Kandahar province. A remote-controlled explosive killed four people in Helmand province. A second roadside bomb killed two others in western Herat province.
    (AP, 6/14/10)(AP, 6/15/10)

2010        Jun 15, In Afghanistan 5 international coalition troops died and an Afghan district official, his son and a body guard were assassinated in Kandahar province where the Taliban are targeting people loyal to the government and its foreign partners. Militants attacked a police checkpoint in eastern Ghazni province before dawn, killing five officers and wounding one.
    (AP, 6/15/10)

2010        Jun 16, In northern Afghanistan a roadside bombing killed two US service members. US and Afghan forces conducted an operation in Baghi Shirkat in which 12 militants were killed, including two local Taliban commanders. 3 Afghans working for a private security company were killed when their vehicle struck a roadside bomb in Muqar district of Ghazni province.
    (AP, 6/16/10)

2010        Jun 18, NATO said 2 Americans have died in southern Afghanistan where militants have stepped up their attacks as NATO and Afghan forces ramp up security in Taliban strongholds.
    (AP, 6/18/10)

2010        Jun 19, Two Afghan policemen were killed and five others were wounded when their vehicle hit a roadside bomb in Gereshk district. A NATO rocket landed on a house in Qarghay district of Laghman province, killing two women and injuring two other adults. 10 militants were killed and eight others wounded in a 30-minute clash in Sherzad district, Nangarhar province.
    (AP, 6/20/10)

2010        Jun 20, In southern Afghanistan 2 bombs set up in push carts exploded minutes apart in Lashkar Gah, the provincial capital of Helmand province. 3 Taliban militants were killed and 33 others were wounded in a clash with police. A NATO rocket, apparently targeting an airport in the Behsud district of Nangarhar province, struck a house, killing two children and injuring three men and a woman.
    (AP, 6/20/10)

2010        Jun 21, In southern Afghanistan 3 Australian commandos and a US soldier were killed when a helicopter crashed in Kandahar province, where NATO forces are mounting an ambitious campaign to flush out Taliban militants. 5 other NATO service members, including 4 Americans, were killed in separate attacks in the east and south. A UN survey warned that 8 percent of Afghans suffer from drug addiction, a rate twice the global average and a "major" growing problem for the world's leading narcotic producer. Afghan and US officials said up to 26 Taliban suspects have been freed from jails in Afghanistan as part of efforts to persuade Islamist insurgents to make peace. 
    (AFP, 6/21/10)(SFC, 6/22/10, p.A2)

2010        Jun 22, In northern Afghanistan Dr. Azizullah Safari, the head of a provincial health department, was killed by a bomb planted in his private clinic in Kunduz province. Two NATO service members were killed in attacks. NATO and Afghan forces captured a senior Taliban figure in an overnight raid.
    (AP, 6/22/10)
2010        Jun 22, General Stanley McChrystal, the US military commander in Afghanistan, was summoned to the White House after he and his aides mocked and criticized top officials including President Barack Obama in an explosive interview with Rolling Stone magazine. US defense officials said Duncan Boothby, a senior media aide to McChrystal, has resigned after a magazine article portrayed the military commander and his team making critical comments about the Obama administration.
    (AFP, 6/22/10)(Reuters, 6/22/10)
2010        Jun 22, A US congressional hearing was held on a new report titled “Warlond Inc., which focused on the Pentagon's system of outsourcing to private companies the job of moving supplies in Afghanistan. According to the report, "The principal private security subcontractors are warlords, strongmen, commanders and militia leaders who compete with the Afghan central government for power and authority." The report described a mafia of politically warlords enriched by contracts to protect NATO convoys, which some also allegedly attack.
    (Econ, 6/26/10, p.30)(http://tinyurl.com/2722o2r)

2010        Jun 23, In southern Afghanistan 4 British soldiers were killed in a vehicle crash. Seven Afghan construction workers were killed in a roadside bomb attack in central Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 6/24/10)
2010        Jun 23, Bulgaria says it will send 65 more troops to the NATO-led force in Afghanistan in early September.
    (AP, 6/23/10)

2010        Jun 24, Afghan and NATO coalition troops destroyed a bomb factory and killed a Taliban district commander in Kandahar province. In all, 15 insurgents were killed in the attack.
    (AP, 6/24/10)

2010        Jun 25, In Afghanistan 3 international troops, including 2 American, were reported killed. The bodies of 11 men, some beheaded, were found in Uruzgan province. NATO and Afghan forces in Logar province killed Ghulam Sakhi, a Taliban commander involved in making and deploying IEDs. Afghan and NATO forces also killed several insurgents in an air strike night in the southern province of Zabul.
    (AP, 6/25/10)(AP, 6/26/10)

2010        Jun 26, In Afghanistan Adm. Mike Mullen, the US military's top officer assured, President Hamid Karzai that Gen. Petraeus, new NATO commander, will pursue the same war strategy crafted by ousted Gen. Stanley McChrystal. NATO announced the death of three more alliance soldiers following two Taliban-style bomb attacks in the south of the country.
    (AP, 6/26/10)

2010        Jun 27, In Afghanistan 4 Norwegian soldiers died after a roadside bomb exploded near their vehicle in Faryab province. NATO forces killing a local leader of the Haqqani group, a Taliban faction with close ties to al-Qaida, in an airstrike in Khost province. The leader, known only as Satar, was responsible for planting roadside bombs in the area. The US-led operation, began in the region around Kunar province. 2 US troops were killed in the operation. Up to 150 Taliban insurgents were killed in battles along the Kunar border.
    (AP, 6/27/10)(AP, 6/28/10)(AP, 6/29/10)

2010        Jun 28, In Afghanistan NATO said that a Taliban commander was among several armed people killed during a search operation in Kandahar, but residents claimed the troops killed eight innocent civilians, including two elderly men. In eastern Ghazni province, a minivan exploded when it struck a roadside bomb in Andar district. At least eight people were killed and two wounded in the blast. 4 Afghan National Police officers were killed by a roadside bomb in the Dularam district of Farah province.
    (AP, 6/28/10)(AP, 6/30/10)

2010        Jun 29, Afghan police said 16 people, including civilians and policemen, were killed in separate attacks blamed on the Taliban over the last 24 hours. A UN vehicle was shot up at a busy traffic circle in Kabul, and at least one person was wounded. A roadside bomb killed two civilians and wounded two others in Khakrez district of Kandahar province.
    (AP, 6/29/10)

2010        Jun 30, In eastern Afghanistan militants set off a car bomb and stormed the entrance to a major NATO air base outside Jalalabad city. 8 insurgents died in the failed assault. Taliban spokesman Zabiullah Mujahid said six suicide attackers killed 32 foreign and Afghan security forces at the airport. NATO said a US trooper died of wounds sustained in a gunbattle with insurgents. Two patients waiting for a doctor were wounded when a suicide bomber detonated his vest of explosives behind a clinic in the Dularam district of Farah province. 43 insurgents were reported killed or captured in a 3-day operation aimed at disrupting insurgents in Panjwai district of Kandahar province. Afghan and int’l. troops captured Mullah Nazar Mohammad, the Taliban district chief of Now Zad and Mullah Malang, a Taliban commander in Baghran, Helmand province. Some Taliban were killed or wounded.
    (AP, 6/30/10)(WSJ, 7/2/10, p.A10)(SFC, 7/2/10, p.A4)

2010        Jun, A US Congressional report said the Watan Group, run by relatives of President Hamid Karzai, bribed Afghan officials to get exclusive control over a key NATO supply route in southern Afghanistan and paid Taliban commanders to avoid attacks along the highway. As of Dec 6 Watan was given a "proposed debarment status," which prevented it from signing new contracts with the US government or renewing existing contracts.
    (AP, 12/9/10)

2010        Jul 2, In northern Afghanistan Taliban suicide attackers stormed a four-story house used by an American AID organization in Kunduz, killing four people before dying in a fierce, 6-hour gunbattle with Afghan security forces.
    (AP, 7/2/10)(SFC, 7/3/10, p.A2)

2010        Jul 4, In Afghanistan a joint force in Kunduz province discovered rocket-propelled grenades, automatic weapons and a roadside bomb near a mosque. A 2-day drug-sweeping operation ended in the south with security forces killing 63 smugglers and terrorists.
    (AP, 7/7/10)(SFC, 7/5/10, p.A2)

2010        Jul 5, Newspapers reported that at least $4.2 billion in cash have left Kabul airport in the past three-and-a-half years, raising fresh concerns about corruption in war-torn Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 7/5/10)

2010        Jul 6, In Afghanistan 3 American soldiers were killed in a roadside bombing in the south. A NATO airstrike in Paktika province killed several suspected insurgents and led to the arrest of several others. Coalition and Afghan special forces arrested a Taliban commander in the eastern province of Nangarhar.
    (AP, 7/7/10)(AP, 7/9/10)
2010        Jul 6, Britain’s Guardian newspaper, citing unnamed political sources, said British troops will turn over responsibility for one of the deadliest districts in southern Afghanistan to Americans in a reconfiguration of NATO-led forces in the area, and that Britain would soon withdraw its 1,000 soldiers from the Sangin district of Helmand province, where they would be replaced by US troops who now outnumber them in Helmand. Britain’s Defense Secretary Liam Fox confirmed the announcement the next day.
    (Reuters, 7/6/10)(AFP, 7/7/10)

2010        Jul 7, In Afghanistan NATO mistakenly killed five of its Afghan army allies in an airstrike while they were attacking insurgents in Ghazni province. Britain announced that it will withdraw its troops from a volatile district in the south, turning over responsibility to US forces.
    (AP, 7/7/10)(SFC, 7/8/10, p.A3)

2010        Jul 8, In Afghanistan two international troops died in insurgent attacks as violence spiraled across the country. NATO forces overnight captured a suspected Taliban-linked supplier of bomb-making materials in Khost province.
    (AP, 7/8/10)

2010        Jul 9, In Afghanistan an explosion ripped into a convoy of NATO and Afghan forces in eastern Nangarhar province, killing one civilian and wounding nine others. Australian Pvt. Nathan Bewes was killed just before midnight by a homemade bomb, the 6th Australian soldier to die in Afghanistan in just over a month..
    (AP, 7/9/10)
2010        Jun 9, A US district Court in Manhattan sentenced Syed Hashmi (30), a Pakistani American, to 15 years in prison for helping an Al-Qaida operative supply raincoats, ponchos and waterproof socks to militants in Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 6/10/10, p.A5)

2010        Jul 10, In Afghanistan 6 American service members and at least a dozen civilians died in attacks in the east and south. Afghan and int’l. forces in a combined commando unit killed a Taliban operative and captured 8 others in an overnight raid in Paktia province, though local villagers claimed the men were innocent civilians. In the northern city of Mazar-i-Sharif, thousands of Afghan's staged an anti-US protest over another night raid that killed two security guards. Insurgents in Kunduz province overran a checkpoint near the northern border with Tajikistan, killing at least six of the nine border police stationed there. 3 border police stationed at the checkpoint were missing. In Kunduz militants killed Malem Nazir, the chief of Qala Zal district and his body guard by remotely detonating a bomb as he passed in his car. Five other police died when their vehicle hit a roadside bomb in northeastern Badakshan province, next to Kunduz. A joint Afghan-international force killed a Taliban commander, Malauwi Shahbuddin, along with several armed insurgents in the Shahjoy district of Zabul province. A provincial spokesman said 13 Taliban were killed in the attack.
    (AP, 7/10/10)(AP, 7/11/10)

2010        Jul 11, In Afghanistan a US service member died following an insurgent attack.
    (AP, 7/11/10)

2010        Jul 13, A renegade Afghan soldier killed 3 British army Gurkha troops in a "suspected premeditated attack" in Helmand province. The attacker remained at large. A suicide attacker slammed a car bomb into the gate of the headquarters of the elite Afghan National Civil Order Police in Kandahar. Minutes later, insurgents opened fire with machine guns and rocket-propelled grenades. Three US troops, an Afghan policeman and five civilians died in the attack. Insurgents manning a makeshift checkpoint pulled Saleh Mohammad, a member of a local tribal council in Khas Uruzgan district, out of his vehicle and shot him dead in the road.
    (AFP, 7/13/10)(AP, 7/14/10)(AP, 7/15/10)

2010        Jul 14, In Afghanistan 4 American troops were killed by a roadside bomb in the south, while one more US service member died the same day of wounds from a gunbattle. 9 Afghan civilians died in the south when their vehicle hit a roadside bomb in the volatile district of Marjah in Helmand province. Another homemade bomb killed 2 security guards traveling on a road in eastern Paktika province. 2 suspected Taliban also died in Helmand's Lashkar Gar district when the roadside bomb they were trying to plant exploded prematurely. Gunmen kidnapped five Health Ministry employees in Kandahar province.
    (AP, 7/14/10)(AP, 7/15/10)

2010        Jul 15, In Afghanistan police said they have killed a local Taliban commander, identified as Mullah Dawood, in a gunbattle. A NATO airstrike killed a Taliban commander, alias Qari Latif,  responsible for a suicide attack on a US aid program. 12 other insurgents were also killed in the attack in Kunduz. A raid killed insurgent, Mullah Akhtar, who smuggled in foreign fighters through Iran, along with several other insurgents in Farah province.
    (AP, 7/15/10)(AP, 7/16/10)

2010        Jul 16,  In Afghanistan 2 NATO soldiers including one British and one American died in Taliban-style bomb attacks.
    (AP, 7/17/10)

2010        Jul 17, In Afghanistan a British and an American soldier died in Taliban-style bomb attacks. Another NATO soldier was killed in a separate attack. 4 Afghan policemen died when insurgents attacked a checkpoint in Gereshk district of Helmand province. One Afghan soldier died and another was wounded in Sabari district of Khost province after their vehicle hit a roadside bomb.
    (AFP, 7/17/10)(AP, 7/18/10)

2010        Jul 18, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber slipped through Kabul’s tight security ring, killing three civilians near a busy market two days before an international conference hosting representatives from about 60 nations. An American service member was killed by a roadside bomb in the south. The Taliban staged a brazen jailbreak in the western province of Farah, where a smuggled bomb exploded at a prison, allowing 11 inmates, including suspected insurgents, to escape from the facility that held about 350. In Kandahar city 2 police officers and a civilian died when a roadside bomb exploded near a hospital. A car bomb exploded near the largest US base in Afghanistan, but killed only the suicide attacker.
    (AP, 7/18/10)
2010        Jul 18, Afghanistan and Pakistan announced a trade agreement, which the US helped to forge, to facilitate the shipment of goods between and through the two countries.
    (SFC, 7/19/10, p.A2)

2010        Jul 19, Six Afghan policemen and two US troops were killed by roadside bombs in southern Afghanistan. Afghan and coalition forces killed five insurgents and detained five more near Tatang in Nangarhar.
    (AP, 7/19/10)(AP, 7/23/10)

2010        Jul 20, In northern Afghanistan 2 American civilians and an Afghan soldier were killed in a shooting on an Afghan military base. An Afghan soldier who trained others at the base outside Mazar-e-Sharif started shooting during a weapons exercise. The shooter was killed. The international community endorsed sweeping Afghan government plans to take responsibility for security by 2014, forge peace to end nine years of war and take greater control of aid projects. NATO forces detained a Taliban operative who had been in the final preparation stages for attacks against an int’l. conference.
    (AP, 7/20/10)(AFP, 7/20/10)(AP, 7/22/10)

2010        Jul 21, In northern Afghanistan insurgents beheaded six policemen after attacking their checkpoint in Baghlan province's Dahanah-ye Ghori district. A Danish service member was killed by an explosion in the south. In Kabul NATO and Afghan forces captured another suspected insurgent who had planned attacks against this week's international conference.
    (AP, 7/21/10)(AP, 7/22/10)(SFC, 7/22/10, p.A4)

2010        Jul 22, In southern Afghanistan a helicopter crashed killing two US service members. The Taliban claimed it shot down the craft, but NATO said it was still investigating. Several Taliban figures, including a former spokesman for the insurgents, were captured in raids by coalition and Afghan forces across the country. In Uruzgan province the Taliban shot and killed the head of the Khas Uruzgan district development council and his assistant as they were leaving a house.
    (AP, 7/22/10)(AP, 7/23/10)
2010        Jul 22, The US Treasury Department sanctioned three insurgent leaders, including Nasiruddin Haqqani, an emissary for the Haqqani Network (Afghanistan-Pakistan) and brother of Sirajuddin Haqqani who leads the group with his father, Jalaluddin.
    (AP, 7/24/10)

2010        Jul 23, In eastern Afghanistan a bomb exploded inside a mosque, seriously wounding a candidate in upcoming parliamentary elections and at least 16 other people. Two American service members left their compound in Kabul and failed to return. They were believed to have been captured by insurgents somewhere in Logar province. Taliban spokesman Zabiullah Mujahid later said the pair drove into an area of Logar province that is under insurgent control. He says that during a brief gunfight, one American was killed and the other was captured. The body of Navy Petty Officer 2nd Class Justin McNeley (30) was found on July 25. On July 28 the body of the 2nd sailor, Petty Officer 3rd Class Jarod Newlove (25) was recovered. In southern Helmand province at least 45 civilians, many women and children, were killed in a rocket attack  by the NATO-led foreign force. Alliance and Afghan troops came under attack about 6 miles (10 km) south of the village and responded with helicopter-borne strikes. Coalition forces reported six insurgents killed, including a Taliban commander.
    (AP, 7/23/10)(Reuters, 7/24/10)(AP, 7/25/10)(Reuters, 7/26/10)(AP, 7/28/10)(SFC, 7/28/10, p.A3)(AP, 7/29/10)

2010        Jul 26, WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange promised that the release of some 91,000 secret US military documents on the Afghanistan war is just the beginning, adding that he still has thousands more Afghan files to post online. Pakistan's most powerful spy agency on Monday lashed out against a trove of leaked US intelligence reports that alleged close connections between it and Taliban militants fighting NATO troops in Afghanistan, calling the accusations malicious and unsubstantiated.
    (AP, 7/26/10)

2010        Jul 27, In southern Afghanistan a US service member died. A NATO drone went down in a Taliban-held area of northern Afghanistan because of mechanical problems.
    (AP, 7/28/10)

2010        Jul 28, In southern Afghanistan a packed bus hit a roadside bomb killing 25 people aboard. An Afghan villager, who was said to be carrying a rifle, was killed by US soldiers in the volatile Arghandab Valley, a strategic area near Kandahar City. In central Uruzgan province 3 Afghan soldiers were killed when their vehicle hit a roadside bomb. German Army Brig. Gen. Josef Blotz told reporters in Kabul that the Taliban's senior leadership ordered the assassination of multiple tribal elders in an area of Uruzgan.
    (AP, 7/28/10)

2010        Jul 29, In southern Afghanistan 3 American service members died in two separate blasts.
    (AP, 7/30/10)

2010        Jul 30, In Afghanistan an SUV, driven by US contract employees, was involved in a traffic accident. One Afghan died in the wreck and rioting followed. Kabul police later said the Afghan driver had caused the accident. A US service member died following an insurgent attack and two others were killed in a roadside bombing in southern Afghanistan. British and Afghan troops launched a new offensive in the Sayedebad area of Helmand to try to deny insurgents a base from which to launch attacks in Nad Ali and Marjah. 4 Afghan civilians were killed and 3 were injured when their vehicle was hit by a roadside bomb in Zabul province of southern Afghanistan. When police arrived at the scene, Taliban fighters opened fire. One insurgent was killed. In Kandahar, a candidate in September's parliamentary election escaped assassination when a bomb planted on a motorcycle exploded. A woman and a child were killed and another child was wounded.
    (AP, 7/30/10)(SFC, 8/2/10, p.A2)

2010        Jul 31, Afghanistan’s national disaster authority chief said flash floods have killed at least 65 people and affected more than 1,000 families.
    (AFP, 7/31/10)

2010        Aug 1, In southern Afghanistan a minibus full of civilians struck a roadside bomb in Kandahar, and six of those on board were killed. A NATO service member died after an insurgent attack in south.
    (AP, 8/1/10)
2010        Aug 1, Dutch troops ended their mission in Afghanistan after four "proud" years, in a departure experts say signals the beginning of a drawdown of foreign forces that will leave a worrying void. Troops held a "change of command" ceremony at the main military base in central Uruzgan province where most of the country's 1,950 soldiers have been deployed. About 150 Dutch fighting forces were left in country, and they are set to leave next week.
    (AFP, 8/1/10)(AP, 8/1/10)

2010        Aug 2, In southern Afghanistan a suicide car bomber blew himself up next to a police truck bringing an official to work, killing six children nearby. Militants attacked a second government official in the east the same day. In eastern Nuristan province, NATO and Afghan troops attacked two villages that had been held by Taliban fighters, killing more than 30 insurgents as they secured the Bachancha and Badmuk villages. Two Afghan soldiers were killed. In northern Balkh province 6 Afghan private security guards were poisoned and fatally stabbed during a bank robbery.
    (AP, 8/2/10)(AP, 8/3/10)

2010        Aug 3, In Afghanistan insurgents wearing suicide vests tried to storm NATO's largest base in the south, but did not breach its defenses. All of the attackers were killed in the fighting including "approximately four" people in suicide vests. New Zealand suffered its first combat fatality in Afghanistan when a soldier died in an ambush that left another two New Zealand soldiers and an Afghan interpreter wounded in central Bamiyan province. An Afghan operation began in a rugged region east of Kabul in Laghman province to flush out the Taliban. Commanders called for backup from foreign forces after at least 10 Afghan soldiers were killed and up to 20 captured.
    (AP, 8/3/10)(AFP, 8/13/10)

2010        Aug 4, In Afghanistan NATO operations killed as many as 26 civilians. 9 civilians travelling to collect voting cards were killed in southern Helmand province when their vehicle struck an insurgent-placed roadside bomb.
    (AFP, 8/5/10)

2010        Aug 5, Afghan Pres. Karzai departed to attend a summit held among the presidents of host country Iran, Tajikistan and Afghanistan. Following the summit Feda Hussein Maliki, Iran’s ambassador to Afghanistan, handed Umar Daudzai, Karzai’s chief of staff, a large plastic bag stuffed with euro bills. The money was part of a secret stream of Iranian cash to buy the loyalty of Daudzai and promote Iran’s interests in Afghanistan’s presidential palace. It was later reported that Daudzai owns at least 6 homes located in Dubai, in the UAR and in Vancouver, Canada.
    (SSFC, 10/24/10, p.A8)
2010        Aug 5, In northern Afghanistan a suicide car bomber struck a convoy of NATO troops and Afghan police, killing seven police officers and wounding at least 11 people. 9 civilians were killed by a remote-controlled bomb in the Bar Kunar district of Kunar province. 3 civilians were killed and others were wounded in a different blast in the Qarabagh district of Ghazni province. In the south, Malak Janan, a tribal chief in Kandahar province's Dand district, and his son were killed when gunmen entered their home and shot them. 10 members of a medical team were shot and killed by militants as they were returning from providing eye treatment and other health care in remote villages.
    (AP, 8/5/10)(AP, 8/6/10)(AP, 8/15/10)

2010        Aug 6, In northern Afghanistan the bodies 10 members of a medical team, including six Americans, were recovered. They had been shot and killed by militants as they were returning from providing eye treatment and other health care in remote villages. The Taliban claimed the next day it killed them for being "Christian missionaries." The beheaded body of Parliamentary candidate Najibullah Gulistani, who was abducted 18 days ago, was found in Ghazni province.
    (AFP, 8/7/10)(SFC, 8/7/10, p.A5)(AP, 8/9/10)

2010        Aug 8, In Afghanistan Pres. Karzai said foreign security companies should all be replaced by Afghan police, the same day that the bodies of 10 members of a medical team, killed on Aug 5, were returned to Kabul. 52 companies employed about 30,000 people, most of them former military officers.
    (SSFC, 8/15/10, p.E7)(http://tinyurl.com/34uqwfs)

2010        Aug 9, Bibi Aisha, a young Afghan woman who said her nose and ears were sliced off last year to punish her for running away from her violent husband, gained worldwide attention when she appeared on the cover of Time magazine. She was sent to Los Angeles over the summer for reconstructive surgery. In November her father-in-law was arrested on charges of disfiguring Aisha and of being part of a Taliban network in Uruzgan province. The only suspect arrested in the case was released in July, 2011.
    (AP, 12/8/10)(SFC, 7/12/11, p.A2)

2010        Aug 10, In Afghanistan 2 gunmen with explosives strapped to them tried to storm the office of an international security company in Kabul. When guards fought back, the men detonated their explosives, killing two Afghan drivers. This followed a UN report that the number of civilians killed in the Afghan war jumped 25 percent in the first half of 2010 compared with the same period last year, with insurgents responsible for the spike.
    (AP, 8/10/10)

2010        Aug 11, In Afghanistan about 350 of the country’s Islamic clerics, or ulema, ended a 3-day meeting with a declaration calling on President Hamid Karzai to enact sharia, or Islamic law, including punishments such as stonings, lashing, amputation and execution.
    (Reuters, 8/12/10)

2010        Aug 12, In eastern Afghanistan a crowd of about 300 villagers yelled "Death to the United States" and blocked a main road as they swore that US forces had killed three innocent villagers. NATO forces rejected the claim, saying they had killed several suspected insurgents and detained a local Taliban commander in the overnight raid. Elders from Zarin Khil village said American troops stormed into a family's house and shot three brothers, all young men, and then took their father into custody. In nearby Paktiya province NATO and Afghan troops killed more than 20 armed insurgents in an ongoing operation to disrupt insurgents in the area around Dazadran district. US and Afghan forces stepped up operations against a Taliban faction linked to al-Qaida, arresting several key figures in the network in raids in two eastern provinces. A British serviceman, who was injured Aug 10 in an incident involving a helicopter at a patrol base in the Nahri Sarraj district of Helmand, died at a hospital in Britain.
    (AP, 8/12/10)(AP, 8/13/10)

2010        Aug 13, In southern Afghanistan a member of the international coalition died after an insurgent attack. A British soldier was also killed by small-arms fire in the Sangin district of Helmand province. Three small children were killed and their mother was wounded when a civilian house was hit by an insurgent rocket in Khost city. Two private security guards and two militants were killed in a gunbattle in the Karukh district of Herat province, 12 other guards were wounded in the skirmish. 3 Afghan civilians were killed and another was wounded by insurgents in three separate incidents in Kandahar province.
    (AP, 8/13/10)(AP, 8/14/10)

2010        Aug 14, In Afghanistan the international coalition said more than 20 insurgents including Arab, Chechen and Pakistani fighters have been killed by NATO and Afghan forces who are ramping up operations in the east against a Taliban faction linked to al-Qaida. Four police were killed and four others wounded when their vehicle hit a roadside bomb in Gereshk district in Helmand province. NATO and coalition troops killed two insurgents after a patrol came under small arms and rocket-propelled grenade fire in Kunduz province. NATO forces killed two insurgents who attacked a police station by hitting their truck with an airstrike as they fled an area in northern Kunduz province. One police officer was reported killed in the fighting.
    (AP, 8/14/10)(AP, 8/15/10)

2010        Aug 15, In Afghanistan Abu Baqir, a man described as a Taliban sub-commander and al Qaeda group leader, was killed, along with another insurgent, when an alliance aircraft fired on a truck in Kunduz province. Siddiqa (19) and her fiance Khayyam (25) were stoned to death in public in northern Kunduz over an alleged illicit love affair. They had tried to elope against their families’ wishes. The stoning was captured on video.
    (AP, 8/16/10)(SFC, 2/1/11, p.A2)

2010        Aug 16, In Afghanistan 6 police officers in Kandahar province were poisoned by a cook who defected to the Taliban.
    (SSFC, 8/22/10, p.A6)

2010        Aug 17, Afghan President Hamid Karzai issued a decree ordering that all private security firms in the country should be disbanded within four months.
    (AFP, 8/17/10)

2010        Aug 18, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber rammed a car into a police vehicle, killing a district police chief, two other policemen and a civilian on a bridge leading into Kandahar city. An American service member was killed in fighting in the south. A joint Afghan and NATO force killed 12 insurgents in Puli Alam district of Logar province.
    (AP, 8/18/10)(AP, 8/19/10)
2010        Aug 18, WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange said the US Army has expressed willingness to discuss the online whistleblower's request for help in reviewing classified documents from the Afghan war and removing information that could harm civilians. The Pentagon said it would not negotiate with WikiLeaks to create "a sanitized version" of a second batch of classified Afghan war documents the whistleblower website plans to release.
    (AP, 8/18/10)(AFP, 8/18/10)
2010        Aug 18, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev offered Pakistan support in dealing with catastrophic floods as he hosted the leaders of Afghanistan, Pakistan and Tajikistan for talks on efforts to stabilize the region.
    (AP, 8/18/10)

2010        Aug 19, In Afghanistan one NATO soldier, several policemen and more than two dozen rebels were killed in attacks and counter-insurgency operations across the country. This day August 19 commemorates the signing of the Treaty of Rawalpindi in 1919, which granted Afghanistan full independence from Britain. An American soldier was killed in the south. At least 7 members of a road construction crew were killed when they were attacked by insurgents in  Helmand's volatile Sangin district. 25 security guards were killed in the clash with Taliban fighters with another 15 wounded. An assistant police chief was killed by a roadside bomb and three other policemen were injured when insurgents attacked a police post in the Dihrawud district of Uruzgan province. 3 civilians were killed in the same district by a bomb that was meant for another police official.
    (AFP, 8/19/10)(AFP, 8/20/10)(AP, 8/20/10)(SSFC, 8/22/10, p.A6)

2010        Aug 20, In Afghanistan 2 NATO soldiers died in a roadside bombing.  A woman and two children died in an operation against Al-Qaeda-linked insurgents in western Farah province. 6 insurgents were killed and several suspected insurgents were detained. 6 police officers were killed by men who approached their post posing as guests and then opened fire in Nahri Sarraj district of Helmand province. 3 Afghan police were apparently killed as a result of a NATO airstrike in Jowzjan province.
    (AP, 8/20/10)(AP, 8/21/10)(SSFC, 8/22/10, p.A6)

2010        Aug 21, It was reported that the cost of sustaining each American soldier in Afghanistan is about $1 million.
    (Econ, 8/21/10, p.33)
2010        Aug 21, In Afghanistan 2 foreign soldiers fighting the Taliban were killed in separate attacks. 5 civilians were killed in northern Afghanistan when an IED detonated. In the north insurgents, using a bomb detonated by remote control, destroyed the vehicle in which former guerrilla commander Salaam Pahlawan was traveling as he made his way to government offices in Faryab province's Al Mar district. The attack also killed two of Pahlawan's sons, ages 5 and 10, and two bodyguards. In Herat province insurgents ambushed a convoy carrying a provincial council member running for a seat in next month's elections for the national parliament, killing the man's brother. Insurgents in Kandahar province killed the head of a private security company, while one civilian was killed and five wounded by a land mine in Herat's Anjil district. At least 15 police officers were killed across the country. This included 6 killed while asleep at a checkpoint on ring Road in Helmand province.
    (AFP, 8/21/10)(AP, 8/22/10)(SSFC, 8/22/10, p.A6)

2010        Aug 22, In Afghanistan President Hamid Karzai defended his decision to disband private security contractors, charging that they loot and steal, have links to criminal groups and might even fund insurgents. 2 US soldiers died in insurgent attacks in the east and 2 others died in separate incidents in the south. The second-in-command of security for the inter-provincial Kandahar-Uruzgan highway was shot dead by unidentified gunmen. At least 9 insurgents, including a commander, were killed in a joint 24-hour operation in Kandahar between NATO and Afghan security forces. 6 men, one woman, and one child were reportedly killed during a coalition raid in the village of Tergaran.
    (AFP, 8/22/10)(AP, 8/23/10)(AP, 8/24/10)

2010        Aug 23, In Afghanistan roadside bombs killed four members of the international security force in Afghanistan, including an American, two French marines, and a Hungarian soldier. US troops fired warning shots to disperse a protest near Bagram air base over the arrest of a religious leader suspected of a rocket attack.
    (AP, 8/23/10)

2010        Aug 24, In Afghan heavy fighting overnight was reported in the southwestern provinces of Nimroz and Uruzgan, adjoining the insurgent strongholds of Helmand and Kandahar provinces. Numerous Taliban were reported killed. NATO said Afghan and international forces have killed an estimated 40 Taliban fighters east of Kabul as part of operations to provide security ahead of parliamentary elections next month. Two coalition servicemen, including one American, were reported killed in fighting in the south where the insurgency is most heavily entrenched.
    (AP, 8/24/10)

2010        Aug 25, Pres. Karzai fired senior prosecutor Fazel Ahmed Faqiryar (72) after he repeatedly refused to block corruption investigations of more than 2 dozen senior Afghan officials. An Afghan driver for the Spanish police contingent opened fire during a training exercise, killing 2 Spanish officers and their interpreter in what appeared to be the latest in a series of attacks by infiltrators linked to the insurgency. 10 campaign workers were kidnapped while traveling in the western province of Herat. 3 Afghan civilians were killed by a homemade bomb in Kandahar's Arghandab district. 2 Taliban commanders were killed in fighting with a joint Afghan-Taliban force in Uruzgan province, along with 12 regular insurgent fighters. In Badakhshan province Afghan army commandos aided by US special forces discovered a major weapons cache in the remote village of Nawci. Weapons found included 78 rockets with launchers, 47 mortar rounds, more than 9,000 rounds of ammunition, and 24 rocket-propelled grenades. All were destroyed.
    (AP, 8/25/10)(AP, 8/26/10)(AP, 8/27/10)(SSFC, 8/29/10, p.A6)

2010        Aug 26, In Afghanistan more than 10 militants attacked a police checkpoint outside the northern city of Kunduz. Police suspected the attackers were jihadists from Russia's Chechnya region who are active in the surrounding province, also called Kunduz. The attack killed 8 Afghan police. A roadside blast tore through a crowded market, killing 3 police and 2 civilians in Archi town, Kunduz province. In eastern Ghazni province's Andar district, two Afghan guards working for a private security company were killed in a Taliban attack on a supply convoy. Two attackers were killed, including a senior regional commander, Mullah Mohmmadi.
    (AP, 8/26/10)(AP, 8/27/10)

2010        Aug 27, Homemade bombs killed 3 US troops in southern and eastern Afghanistan. 3 insurgents were reported killed and 3 detained in eastern Paktiya province by Afghan and coalition forces pursuing a Taliban sub-commander.
    (AP, 8/27/10)
2010        Aug 27, The Washington Post reported that the CIA is making payments to a significant number of officials in Afghan President Hamid Karzai's administration. The Post also cited a former CIA official as saying that the CIA payments to Afghan officials were necessary because "the head of state is not going to tell you everything" and because Karzai often seems unaware of moves that members of his own government make.
    (Reuters, 8/27/10)

2010        Aug 28, Afghanistan's presidential office condemned US media reports that Afghan government officials have received payments from the CIA in return for information. In eastern Afghanistan about 30 Taliban militants, at least some dressed in US military uniforms, were killed after launching pre-dawn attacks at NATO Forward Operating Base Salerno and nearby Camp Chapman. 2 Afghan soldiers were killed and 3 wounded in the fighting. In the southern provinces of Nimroz and Zabul, a total of seven Taliban were killed in fighting. Unidentified gunmen killed a candidate for Afghanistan's parliamentary elections in the west of the country, the fourth candidate to be killed ahead of the September 18 poll. NATO said one of its patrols mistakenly fired on a vehicle carrying private security contractors in Wardak province west of Kabul, killing two men. 48 schoolgirls, boys, and teachers were hospitalized in the second case this week of suspected poisoning caused by an unidentified chemical substance. 2 US soldiers were killed in a bomb attack in the south and 3 more in fighting in the east. in Herat, male parliamentary candidate Abdul Manan was shot and killed on his way to a mosque by an assassin traveling on the back of a motorcycle. Up to 15 insurgents were killed in joint Afghan-NATO operations in Paktiya province, including a Taliban commander, Naman, accused of coordinating roadside bomb attacks and the movement of ammunition, supplies and fighters. ISAF said 8 civilians were killed in a wave of attacks including a suicide bombing. 3 Oxfam workers were killed when their vehicle was struck by a roadside bomb suspected to have been set by Taliban insurgents. 
    (AP, 8/28/10)(AFP, 8/28/10)(Reuters, 8/28/10)(AP, 8/29/10)(AFP, 8/29/10)(AP, 9/1/10)

2010        Aug 29, Afghan President Hamid Karzai said Washington's war strategy for Afghanistan needed a rethink. In southern Afghanistan 2 American servicemen died in bombings. Officials found the bodies of five campaign aides, kidnapped on Aug 25, who worked for a female candidate in the western province of Herat. 2 suicide bombers attempted to climb over the back wall of a compound housing the governor of the far western province of Farah, but were spotted by guards and shot.
    (AFP, 8/29/10)(AP, 8/29/10)

2010        Aug 30, In southern Afghanistan 7 US troops were killed in two Taliban-style bomb attacks. An 8th soldier, a 20-year-old Estonian, died of his injuries after insurgents set off an improvised explosive device (IED) in Nad-e-Ali in Helmand province. A bomb blast in Jalalabad killed a district chief and wounded up to five others. A French soldier was killed when the armored vehicle he was travelling in tumbled into a ravine.
    (AFP, 8/30/10)(AP, 8/31/10)

2010        Aug 31, In Afghanistan 6 US soldiers were killed, including 4 in an IED attack.
    (AFP, 8/31/10)(AP, 9/1/10)
2010        Aug 31, British aid group Oxfam said it had suspended operations in a northern Afghan region after two employees and a local volunteer were killed there on Aug 28.
    (Reuters, 8/31/10)(AP, 9/1/10)

2010        Sep 1, In Afghanistan NATO's International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) reported September's first death, another American, in an insurgent attack in the south. A Muslim leader, Mohammad Hassan Taimuri, was killed in Kandahar city by a remote-detonated bomb hidden on a motorcycle that exploded in a downtown square. One other person was killed in the attack and two people were wounded. The Afghan Health Ministry said blood samples taken from Afghan schoolgirls who collapsed in apparent mass poisonings showed traces of toxic chemicals found in herbicides, pesticides and nerve gas.
    (AP, 9/1/10)
2010        Sep 1, US newspapers reported that the Afghan central bank had replaced the bank's two top executives, Khalillulah Ferozi and chairman Sher Khan Farnud -- and ordered Farnud to hand over 160 million dollars' worth of luxury property purchased in Dubai for himself and for cronies. Anxious Afghan customers withdrew 80 million dollars.
    (AFP, 9/2/10)

2010        Sep 2, Afghan financial authorities and the owners of Afghanistan's biggest bank said that Kabul Bank was in no danger of collapsing, as people across the country rushed to withdraw their money. Over the next few days withdrawals drained over half of the bank’s $500 million in liquid cash. Authorities soon barred the sale of Kabul properties held by the bank’s principal owners, but excluded Mahmoud Karzai, Pres. Karzai’s brother. Mahmoud, the bank’s 3rd largest shareholder, had purchased a $5.5 million home in Dubai with Kabul Bank funds. Mahmoud Karzai had bought his 7% share in Kabul Bank with a $5 million loan from the bank.
    (AFP, 9/2/10)(SFC, 9/6/10, p.A2)(Econ, 9/11/10, p.54)
2010        Sep 2, In Afghanistan 2 American troops died in fighting, while NATO and local officials said coalition and Afghan forces killed dozens of insurgents in a series of ground and air engagements. President Hamid Karzai said 10 Afghan civilians were killed in a NATO air strike on three vehicles carrying election campaign workers in the north. Candidate Abdul Wahid Khorasani was wounded and 10 relatives working on his campaign were killed in what appeared to be a mistaken NATO airstrike. Abdul Rahman, a candidate in this month's parliamentary elections, was wounded in a grenade attack in Ghazni.
    (AP, 9/2/10)(AFP, 9/2/10)(AP, 9/3/10)

2010        Sep 4, President Hamid Karzai said an Afghan peace council to pursue talks with the Taliban has been set up, the latest step in a gradual move toward reconciliation with the Islamist insurgents.
    (Reuters, 9/4/10)

2010        Sep 5, Afghanistan's Taliban said they would attempt to disrupt the Sep 18 elections and warned Afghans to boycott the vote, the first explicit threat against the poll by the hardline Islamists. A British soldier was killed by an exploding grenade. The death takes to 333 the British death toll in Afghanistan since 2001. Afghan journalist Sayed Hamid Noori was found outside his Kabul home covered in stab wounds. Noori had once been an anchor for state television and a newspaper editor. More recently, he held a leadership position in Afghanistan's Association of Independent Journalists and teacher of young journalists.
    (Reuters, 9/5/10)(AFP, 9/5/10)(AP, 9/6/10)

2010        Sep 6, The Afghan central bank ordered frozen the assets of Kabulbank's former chairman, Sher Khan Farnood, and chief executive officer, Khalilullah Fruzi, together with those of several other shareholders and major borrowers. Farnood and Fruzi both own a 28 percent stake in Kabulbank.
    (Reuters, 9/7/10)
2010        Sep 6, In Afghanistan Nahrin district chief Rahmad Sror Joshan Pool was killed when rocket-propelled grenades hit his vehicle, setting it on fire. Pool's bodyguard was also killed in the attack. One militant died and two were wounded in the ensuing fire fight with police. 5 children were killed and five wounded in Yaya Khil district in the southern province of Paktika when an insurgent rocket fired at an Afghan army base hit a home. Kidnappers seized two electoral workers and their two drivers in the western province of Ghor. NATO reported the death of an American service member in an insurgent attack in the south.
    (AP, 9/7/10)

2010        Sep 8, Afghan President Hamid Karzai's brother said he made at least $800,000 by buying and then reselling a high-end Dubai villa using a loan provided by the chairman of the troubled Kabul Bank.
    (AP, 9/8/10)

2010        Sep 9, An Afghan insurgent commander, who was allegedly planning bombings in Kabul on the eve of the Sept. 18 parliamentary elections, and two of his associates were killed in a NATO airstrike. Intelligence sources had tracked Nur Mohammed and two armed militants to a field in the remote Musahi district of Kabul province.
    (AP, 9/10/10)

2010        Sep 10, Afghan President Hamid Karzai used his traditional message marking the Eid Muslim holiday to call on the leader of the Taliban to stop fighting and join peace talks to end Afghanistan's long war. Meanwhile thousands of Afghans protested across the country after an evangelical pastor in the United States said he planned to burn copies of the Koran to mark the anniversary of the September 9, 2001 attacks on the New York and Washington. An Afghan was shot dead when an angry crowd attacked a German-run base in the northeast.
    (AFP, 9/10/10)(Reuters, 9/12/10)

2010        Sep 11, Afghans set fire to tires in the streets and shouted "Death to America" for a second day despite a decision by an American pastor to call off plans to burn copies of the Islamic holy book. Four protesters were wounded in Logar province. A Taliban commander who had been plotting rocket attacks on polling stations was killed in eastern Nangarhar province.
    (AP, 9/11/10)(Reuters, 9/12/10)

2010        Sep 12, In Afghanistan 2 protesters were shot and killed in Logar province and 4 were injured as Afghans protested for a third day against a plan by an American pastor to burn copies of the Islamic holy book, despite his decision to call off the action. A series of NATO airstrikes killed 14 insurgents after a joint patrol with Afghan soldiers came under fire in Uruzgan province. A rocket was fired by militants toward an Afghan army supply base in Jalalabad city, in eastern Nangarhar province. The rocket missed its target and slammed into a house, wounding nine civilians, including four children, all members of one family.
    (Reuters, 9/12/10)(AP, 9/13/10)

2010        Sep 13, Afghan and NATO troops killed 23 insurgents in southern Helmand province.
    (AP, 9/14/10)

2010        Sep 14, Afghan and NATO troops killed 3 insurgents in eastern Wardak province. Four Taliban were killed in southeastern Zabul province.
    (AP, 9/14/10)

2010        Sep 15, In Afghanistan at least one person was killed when police fired into the air to disperse angry anti-US protesters in Kabul, highlighting security concerns three days before a parliamentary election. It was reported that printers in Peshawar, Pakistan, say they have produced thousands of fake voter registration cards at the request of Afghan politicians for use in that country's Sep 18 parliamentary elections. 8 insurgents who "actively" planned to execute attacks during the elections were killed in an airstrike and a follow-up ground operation against a Taliban district commander in northern Kunduz province. 2 campaign workers were gunned down in northern Balkh province.
    (Reuters, 9/15/10)(AP, 9/15/10)(AP, 9/16/10)

2010        Sep 16, Afghan election officials announced they will close about 300 additional voting centers because of security concerns, dropping the number of polling stations to 5,516. About 100 rock-throwing protesters moved toward a NATO military base in Chora district of Uruzgan in southwest Afghanistan. Provincial governor, Khudi Rahim, said one person was killed. A NATO service member was killed in an insurgent attack in the south.
    (AP, 9/16/10)

2010        Sep 17, Afghan officials said 19 election-related kidnappings have taken place in the country despite tightened security on the eve of a parliamentary poll the Taliban has vowed to disrupt. In northern Kunduz Afghan and NATO-led troops killed a Taliban commander who was planning election attacks. It was reported Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty this week started distributing 20,000 free radio sets to Afghans, including those in distant mountain villages and refugee camps. The operation, which will last for several weeks, will cost $500,000.
    (Reuters, 9/17/10)(AP, 9/17/10)
2010        Sep 17, In southern Afghanistan Corporal Dipprasad Pun, a Nepalese soldier in the British army, fired more than 400 rounds, launched 17 grenades and detonated a mine to repel the Taliban assault on his checkpoint near Babaji in Helmand Province. In 2011 Pun was awarded the Conspicuous Gallantry Cross (CGC).
    (http://xnepali.com/gurkha-the-queen-awarded-bravery-medal-to-dipprasad-pun/)

2010        Sep 18, Afghans braved Taliban rockets and polling site bombings to vote for a new parliament in elections seen as a measure of the government's competence and commitment to democratic rule. The governor of Kandahar province survived a bomb attack. Insurgent leader in Shigal Wa Sheltan district in eastern Kunar province was killed in a precision airstrike as he was attempting to attack a polling site. A rocket in northern Baghlan province killed two civilians. Another civilian was killed by a rocket that hit a house in eastern Kunar province.  In northern Kunduz province militants tried to disrupt security in Gortepa, near Kunduz city. In a preventive strike, Afghan security forces killed five militants, injured two and arrested one. Afghan election officials declared the elections a success despite widespread reports of fraud. 4.3 million ballots were cast. Attacks across the country killed at least 21 civilians and 9 police officers. Journalist, Hojatullah Mujadadi, a radio station manager in Kapisa province north of Kabul, was arrested by Afghan agents.
    (AP, 9/18/10)(Reuters, 9/19/10)(AP, 9/21/10)(AP, 9/23/10)(Econ, 9/25/10, p.55)

2010        Sep 19, In Afghanistan the bodies of three election officials kidnapped during voting were found in northern Balkh province. The Free and Fair Election Foundation of Afghanistan  reported "extensive irregularities" ranging from the destruction of polling centers to ballot stuffing, erratic opening and closing times of polls and interference by candidates. Allegations of fraud and a low voter turnout overshadowed vote counting in the parliamentary election. 6 children were killed in an insurgent rocket attack in northern Kunduz province.
    (Reuters, 9/19/10)(AFP, 9/19/10)(AP, 9/19/10)

2010        Sep 20, Afghan election observers urged President Hamid Karzai's government to allow an independent investigation into reports of widespread fraud during last weekend's parliamentary elections, including intimidation of voters and interference by powerful warlords. Britain's military handed the US responsibility for northern Sangin district in Helmand province. Afghan and NATO forces ended a 2-day operation to disrupt the Taliban's freedom of movement outside its heartland of Kandahar city, killing at least 11 insurgents and destroying several improvised explosive devices. The US military arrested Rahmatullah Naikzad, an Afghan journalist in the eastern region of Ghazni, saying it is investigating suspicions he may have been too close to Taliban militants.
    (AP, 9/20/10)(AP, 9/21/10)

2010        Sep 21, In southern Afghanistan a NATO helicopter crashed killing 9 international troops in a region where forces are ramping up pressure on Taliban insurgents. It was the deadliest chopper crash for the coalition in four years. 5 Afghan road construction workers were killed and 4 wounded when their vehicle hit a roadside bomb in Shinwari district of Parwan province. In Khost province insurgents attacked a NATO and Afghan army outpost near the Pakistan border and at least 25 of the militants were killed in the resulting skirmish.
    (AP, 9/21/10)(AP, 9/22/10)

2010        Sep 22, A US official in Washington confirmed reports that the CIA is running an all-Afghan paramilitary group in Afghanistan that has been hunting al-Qaida, Taliban, and other militant targets for the agency. A security professional in Kabul familiar with the operation said the 3,000-strong force was set up in 2002 to capture targets for CIA interrogation. Al-Jazeera cameraman Mohammad Nadir was arrested in Kandahar. In Helmand province a Danish soldier was killed and another wounded by a homemade bomb.
    (AP, 9/22/10)(AP, 9/23/10)

2010        Sep 23, Afghan Pres. Karzai called for the quick release of 3 Afghan journalists. All 3 were picked up over the past week, two by a joint NATO and Afghan force and one by Afghan intelligence officials. Analysts said the arrests were reminiscent of a strategy the US military used in Iraq to detain local journalists as a way to disrupt insurgents' propaganda networks. Coalition forces conducted an airstrike in Kabul province, killing Qari Mansur, a senior Haqqani operator who was linked, along with five of his associates, to an attack against an Afghan National Police unit earlier in the week.
    (AP, 9/23/10)(AP, 9/24/10)

2010        Sep 24, Three Afghan journalists (Hojatullah Mujadadi, Mohammad Nadir and Rahmatullah Naikzad), arrested by coalition forces over the past week, were released. NATO had said it had information linking the men to networks that act as a mouthpiece for the Taliban and spread insurgent propaganda. A suicide bomber in a car targeted a NATO convoy on the outskirts of Mazar-i-Sharif city in Balkh province in the north. One child was killed and 28 people were wounded in a wedding party bus that was passing by. In Khost province and more than 30 insurgents died in an airstrike following an attack on an Afghan National Security Force outpost.
    (AP, 9/24/10)(AP, 9/26/10)

2010        Sep 25, In Afghan NATO said 3 service members were killed in two bomb blasts. A follow-up operation in Khost province left several more insurgents dead. 2 Afghan civilians riding a motorcycle were killed after failing to stop while approaching a security perimeter in Helmand province. Precision NATO bombing in Kunar province killed Abdallah Umar al-Qurayshi, leader of Al-Qaida affiliated Arab fighters, and Abu Atta al-Kuwaiti, an Al-Qaida explosives expert.
    (AP, 9/25/10)(AP, 9/26/10)(SFC, 9/30/10, p.A2)(http://tinyurl.com/2eo83mo)
2010        Sep 25, In northwestern Pakistan suspected US missiles targeted a vehicle, killing four alleged militants. It was the 17th such attack this month, the most intense barrage since the airstrikes began in 2004. Al-Qaida commander Sheikh Fateh al-Masri was believed killed in the drone attack. The latest strike occurred some hours after gunmen killed two worshippers in Bahawalpur. NATO helicopters in eastern Afghanistan launched rare airstrikes into Pakistan, killing more 49 militants and prompting a protest from Islamabad. A second attack occurred when helicopters returned to the border area and were attacked by insurgents based in Pakistan. It killed at least four militants.
    (AP, 9/25/10)(AP, 9/27/10)(SFC, 9/30/10, p.A2)

2010        Sep 26, Afghanistan's election commission ordered a recount of votes in some areas for recent parliamentary elections, raising further concerns of misconduct and fraud during the Sep 18 polls. NATO said 2 of its service members were killed in a bomb blast in the south. A female British aid worker and 3 Afghan colleagues were kidnapped in the country's northeastern Kunar province. NATO forces said one Afghan civilian was killed by a coalition service member in Laghman's Alishing district.
    (AP, 9/26/10)(AP, 9/28/10)

2010        Sep 27, Pakistani intelligence officials said two NATO helicopters carried out a third strike inside Pakistani territory, killing five militants and wounding nine others. A suspected US missile strike killed four people near Mir Ali, North Waziristan. Pakistan's Frontier Corps paramilitary said it had recovered a huge hoard of military equipment stolen from NATO supply convoys travelling to Afghanistan. The equipment was looted during the last five to six months.
    (AP, 9/27/10)(AFP, 9/27/10)
2010        Sep 27, In Afghanistan a Polish soldier died of injuries sustained when a land mine exploded under his patrol vehicle in the eastern province of Ghazni. US General David Petraeus said many small insurgent groups had already made "overtures" to NATO forces about quitting the fight.
    (AP, 9/27/10)(SFC, 9/28/10, p.A4)
2010        Sep 27, In a videotaped statement US Spec. Jeremy Morlock (22) admitted involvement in a plan to kill 3 Afghan civilians in Kandahar between January and May this year. He sought to shift blame for the plot on his squad’s staff sergeant, who he said planted the idea. In March 2011 Morlock was sentenced to 24 years in prison after pleading guilty to three counts of murder, as well as conspiracy and other charges. He said the killings were part of a deliberate plan to murder Afghan civilians. Dan Krauss directed the documentary film “The Kill Team" (2014) featuring Adam Winfield, Andrew Holmes and Jeremy Morlock," the soldiers involved in the Maywand District murders of Afghan civilians.
    (SFC, 9/28/10, p.A6)(AP, 3/30/11)

2010        Sep 28, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide bomber killed Deputy Gov. Khazim Allayar  and five others. Later, a tearful Pres. Karzai decried the violence, fretting that young people will choose to flee their country. The Afghan government announced who will sit on a 70-member peace council, formalizing efforts already underway to reconcile with top Taliban leaders and lure insurgent foot soldiers off the battlefield.
    (AP, 9/28/10)(AFP, 9/28/10)

2010        Sep 29, The Afghan government announced that it is investigating whether the relatives or close associates of high-ranking officials are receiving improper payments, kickbacks or bribes.
    (AP, 9/29/10)

2010        Sep 30, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber detonated a bomb-laden sedan near an alliance convoy, killing three Afghan civilians nearby. NATO-led soldiers were killed in separate attacks, two in homemade bomb explosions and the third in a firefight with insurgents. Afghan and international forces captured a senior Taliban leader based in the Panjwai district of Kandahar province. Afghan and coalition security forces in Khost captured a Haqqani Network operative involved in indiscriminate explosive attacks and providing support to Taliban insurgents. Another Haqqani senior leader and 6 insurgents were also killed in an operation in Khost.
    (AFP, 9/30/10)(AP, 10/1/10)
2010        Sep 30, The UN's drug agency said Afghanistan's opium production has fallen by almost half in 2010 due largely to the spread of a disease that damaged poppy plants, but the amount of land used for growing the crop remained the same after two years of declines.
    (AP, 9/30/10)

2010        Oct 1, In southern Afghanistan 2 coalition soldiers were killed in a blast while on patrol. NATO said it has captured more insurgent leaders and announced it has detained at least 438 suspected militants over the last month. Just north of Kandahar, two Romanian soldiers were killed and one injured when their Humvee was struck by an improvised explosive device some 25 miles (40 km) northeast of Qalat in Zabul province.
    (AP, 10/1/10)

2010        Oct 2, In Afghanistan at least three civilians were killed along with 17 insurgents in a NATO air strike targeting senior Taliban commanders in southern Helmand province. ISAF accidentally killed two civilians when insurgents attacked a military base in Baraki Barak district of Logar province south of Kabul.
    (Reuters, 10/3/10)
2010        Oct 2, Australian PM Julia Gillard met the chief of international forces in Afghanistan and vowed support for the US-led mission in a surprise visit to troops on her first overseas trip as leader.
    (AFP, 10/2/10)

2010        Oct 3, The Afghan government said it has started dissolving private security firms in the country by taking steps to end the operations of eight companies, including the firm formerly known as Blackwater and three other international contractors. An insurgent with the Haqqani network responsible for attacking coalition and Afghan troops was captured in an operation in eastern Khost province. 3 insurgents died in an Afghan and NATO operation in Kandahar province's Arghandab district. The raid in Khisroo village also recovered explosive material and an anti-personnel mine that were destroyed. At least 3 Afghan civilians were killed along with 17 insurgents in a NATO air strike in Helmand.
    (AP, 10/3/10)(AP, 10/4/10)(Reuters, 10/4/10)

2010        Oct 4, In Afghanistan 3 NATO service members were killed by bombings in the south and an insurgent attack killed another in the east, raising the coalition's death toll to 11 in the first four days of October. NATO announced that a joint Afghan-coalition unit launched a night mission that killed a senior Taliban leader named Farman and two other militants in eastern Paktia province. A police convoy was ambushed in Khash Rod district. 5 militants were killed, 3 others wounded and two captured during a gunbattle. Habibullah Aghonzada, a former district chief, was gunned down by assailants as he prayed at a packed mosque in Kandahar city. 3 night time explosion in Kandahar City killed up to 4 Afghan police officers. Noor Ahman, deputy mayor in Kandahar, was killed in an insurgent attack. In the southwest 2 civilians riding a motorcycle died when a roadside bomb exploded as they passed. 2 others were killed by rockets in the country's east.
    (AP, 10/4/10)(AP, 10/5/10)(SFC, 10/5/10, p.A5)(AP, 10/6/10)

2010        Oct 5, In Afghanistan roadside bombings in Kandahar city killed 9 people, including 5 children, and 30 left injured, including many police officers. A major shipment of drugs was intercepted by a combined force after a highway gunbattle in Kandahar that killed an unspecified number of "insurgents." A NATO airstrike killed Qari Ziauddin, identified as the Taliban's "shadow" governor of Faryab province, and four other insurgents. In neighboring Badghis province, a helicopter-borne raid by a joint force led to a gunbattle that killed Mohammad Ismail Quarisaderdin, another Taliban leader described as a shadow governor. Five other Taliban commanders also died in the operation.
    (AP, 10/6/10)

2010        Oct 6, It was reported that Afghan Pres. Karzai has begun secret talks over a negotiated end to the war. Sources said that for the first time Taliban representatives are fully authorized to speak for the Quetta Shura, the Afghan Taliban organization based in Pakistan, and its leader Muhammad Omar. Taliban commander Maulawi Jawadullah, accused of organizing deadly ambushes, roadside bombings, and abductions of Afghan police and soldiers in northern Afghanistan, was killed in an airstrike in Yangi Qala district. A NATO service member died in a roadside bombing in the south. An Afghan-NATO force killed six insurgents and destroyed a compound used for making improvised explosive devices in Arghandab district of Kandahar province. 3 militants were killed in Zabul province during a firefight with a joint force. 16 militants were killed in air raids and ground fighting overnight in the Darqad, Yangi Qala and Khwaja Bahawuddin districts of Takhar province.
    (SFC, 10/6/10, p.A2)(AP, 10/7/10)(AP, 10/8/10)

2010        Oct 7, Afghan President Hamid Karzai hosted the inaugural session of a new peace council set up to guide efforts to reconcile with the Taliban and other insurgent groups. In the north a Taliban suicide attack killed a German soldier and wounded six others in Baghlan province. The death brought to 44 the number of German troops killed in the Afghan war. A senior Taliban leader, accused of commanding an "assassination cell" in Kandahar city, was captured. 4 militants were killed and one captured by an Afghan-NATO force in eastern Wardak province's Chaki Wardak district. A joint force also recovered and destroyed almost 2,200 pounds (1,000 kg) of narcotics during two operations in Kandahar and Nangarhar provinces.
    (AP, 10/7/10)(AFP, 10/7/10)(AP, 10/8/10)

2010        Oct 8, In northern Afghanistan Kunduz provincial governor Mohammad Omar and at least 19 other people were killed by a massive bomb blast inside a packed mosque during Friday prayers in Takhar province. NATO helicopters killed six Afghan militiamen in eastern Khost province. An insurgent attack killed a NATO service member and two others died in separate roadside bombings in the south. Armed men burst into a mosque and shot dead religious scholar Molvi Mohammad during Friday prayers in Kandahar city. Linda Norgrove (36) a British aid worker was killed during a botched US rescue raid. She had been abducted at gunpoint on Sep 26. A rescue team was closing in on the house where Norgrove was being held when a grenade was thrown into the room where she was kept, killing her. Troops opened fire and killed all the captors. An investigation over her death confirmed that a grenade thrown by US forces had killed Norgrove.
    (AP, 10/8/10)(AFP, 10/9/10)(AFP, 10/11/10)(AP, 12/2/10)
2010        Oct 8, A US Senate report said US funds for private security contractors in Afghanistan have flowed to warlords and Taliban insurgents, undermining the war effort and fueling corruption. A congressional report called "Warlord, Inc." said trucking contractors pay tens of millions of dollars annually to local warlords across Afghanistan in exchange for guarding their supply convoys, some of which are suspected of paying off the Taliban.
    (AFP, 10/8/10)(AP, 7/31/12)

2010        Oct 9, President Hamid Karzai told Afghans in Kandahar that it was their duty to return to their homes and help protect their villages in the Kandahar region where international troops are trying to rout insurgents. 4 Italian soldiers were killed in an insurgent attack in the west. Intelligence sources tracked a Taliban commander, identified as Mullah Jamaluddin, as he traveled in western Badghis province's Murghab district. A gunbattle erupted and the Taliban leader and two militants were killed. Taliban leader, Ajmal Agha Jan, was killed in southern Helmand province's Marjah district after he pulled a pistol on a joint force that raided his compound.
    (AP, 10/9/10)(AP, 10/10/10)

2010        Oct 10, The Afghan government named former President Burhanuddin Rabbani as the chief of a new peace council tasked with talking to insurgent groups. A roadside bomb killed 5 members of a family in Paktia province. 2 NATO troops were killed by a roadside bomb in the south. A suicide bomber blew up his vehicle near a military convoy, killing a child and wounding two other people in Khost province.
    (AP, 10/10/10)

2010        Oct 11, In Afghanistan a coalition airstrike killed Taliban commander Shirin Agha and another militant in northern Kunduz province.
    (AP, 10/13/10)

2010        Oct 12, In Afghanistan a commander and 3 other militants from the Haqqani network, a Pakistan-based faction of the Taliban with close ties to al-Qaida, were killed in a firefight overnight with NATO and Afghan forces in eastern Khost province's Spera district.
    (AP, 10/13/10)
2010        Oct 12, In Afghanistan a cargo plane, carrying NATO supplies went down east of Kabul shortly after taking off from Bagram Air Field. The bodies of 5 of 8 people on board were recovered the next day. The plane, owned by United Arab Emirates-based TransAfrik, was under contract by the US-based company National Air Cargo.
    (AP, 10/13/10)

2010        Oct 13, Gen. David Petraeus, NATO's top commander in Afghanistan, offered a cautiously optimistic assessment of the transition of security duties to Afghan forces during a briefing with alliance representatives in Brussels. A senior NATO officials said the alliance had facilitated contacts between senior Taliban members and the highest levels of the Afghan government. In Afghanistan insurgents killed 6 NATO service members, including 4 who died in a single bomb blast in the volatile south. Insurgents , at a market fatally shot Ahmed Khan, chief of Dihrawud district in southern Uruzgan province.
    (AP, 10/13/10)(SFC, 10/14/10, p.A2)
2010        Oct 13, Italy became the latest NATO ally to detail plans to scale down its military presence and hand over territory to Afghan security forces by the end of next year.
    (AP, 10/14/10)

2010        Oct 14, Afghan officials requested NATO's support in smoothing new peace efforts with the Taliban, including by halting military operations in areas where reconciliation talks could take place. 7 NATO soldiers were killed in separate bomb attacks, bringing to 586 the total number of personnel killed so far this year. ISAF said 13 civilians had been killed in militant attacks over the past week, including nine who died in a single IED blast.
    (AFP, 10/14/10)(Reuters, 10/14/10)

2010        Oct 15, The Afghan government said a system meant to ensure Afghan officials are consulted on sensitive international military operations has been "ineffective." 3 NATO troops were killed in a surge of attacks that raised the death toll to 17 over the past three days for international troops in the country. In the southeast 6 civilians were killed when a roadside bomb detonated beside their vehicle near Kalat.
    (AP, 10/15/10)(AP, 10/17/10)

2010        Oct 16, In Afghanistan a bomb blast struck the police headquarters in the southern city of Kandahar, killing one civilian and wounding 4 others. Two Taliban commanders, identified as Kaka Abdul Khaliq and Kako, were killed in an operation in Kandahar's Zhari district. Taliban fighter, Mullah Rahmatullah, was captured in the raid.
    (AP, 10/16/10)(AP, 10/17/10)

2010        Oct 17, Afghanistan issued a statement issued by the president's office saying that private security firms will not only be able to operate inside international compounds, but also travel with diplomats and work as protection for international military installations. A NATO service member was killed by a bomb blast in the south. Afghan and Western officials said that fraud was pervasive in the Sep 18 elections and that 25% or 800,000 to a million votes would be likely thrown out. air strikes killed a Taliban "military leader" and 15 other insurgents in the northern province of Baghlan. A Taliban prisoner, Mullah Muhebullah, was found shot dead while under US guard in an Afghan holding facility. Pfc. David Lawrence (20) was soon placed under custody in a criminal investigation of Muhebullah’s death.
    (AP, 10/17/10)(SFC, 10/18/10, p.A3)(AFP, 10/19/10)(SFC, 12/1/10, p.A6)
2010        Oct 17, In Afghanistan about this time 3 Taliban leaders secretly met with Pres. Karzai in an effort to weaken the Haqqani network, the US-led coalition's most vicious enemy.
    (AP, 10/31/10)

2010        Oct 18, Afghan and NATO forces killed "numerous insurgents" in Shah Wali Kot district of Kandahar province.
    (AP, 10/19/10)
2010        Oct 18, Iran took part for the first time in talks in Rome with the international contact group on Afghanistan that set "sufficient stability" and basic human rights as the most realistic aims for the war-torn nation.
    (AFP, 10/18/10)

2010        Oct 19, The Afghan government said it had ordered an audit of all private banks following a corruption scandal that threatened to bring down the country's top lender. In the south 3 NATO soldiers were killed, bringing to 596 the number of foreign troops to die in the Afghan conflict so far this year. US officials said they have begun training Afghans on how to disrupt the flow of billions of dollars in cash being smuggled out of their country.
    (Reuters, 10/19/10)(AFP, 10/19/10)(AP, 10/19/10)

2010        Oct 20, Afghanistan released full preliminary results from last month's parliamentary election. About 1.3 million votes were disqualified out of 5.6 million. That means about 23 percent of ballots were discarded because of ballot-box stuffing or re-jiggered totals. A four-day operation ended in which NATO troops and the Afghan army killed more than 10 insurgents and recovered four weapons caches in Kunar province.
    (AP, 10/20/10)(AP, 10/23/10)

2010        Oct 21, Afghanistan's new peace council said it would be willing to make concessions to bring insurgents to the negotiating table, and called for Saudi Arabia's help in mediating peace talks.
    (Reuters, 10/21/10)

2010        Oct 22, In southeastern Afghanistan Taliban fighters attacked a NATO convoy and killed three drivers before setting 13 fuel tankers ablaze.
    (AP, 10/22/10)

2010        Oct 23, In western Afghanistan a suicide car bomber and three armed militants wearing explosives vests and dressed as women attacked a UN compound, but Afghan security forces killed the attackers and no UN employees were harmed. NATO forces killed two civilians, including a teenage boy, during a fight with insurgents in Wardak province. In Kandahar a suicide bomber on a motorbike blew himself up before reaching a checkpoint, killing two civilians and wounding two others. A Danish soldier was killed in Helmand province after insurgents attacked his patrol. Joao Silva (44), a photographer for The New York Times, was seriously injured when he stepped on a mine in Kandahar province.
    (AP, 10/23/10)

2010        Oct 23, In western Afghanistan a suicide car bomber and three armed militants wearing explosives vests and dressed as women attacked a UN compound in Herat, but Afghan security forces killed the attackers and no UN employees were harmed. NATO forces killed two civilians, including a teenage boy, during a fight with insurgents in Wardak province. In Kandahar a suicide bomber on a motorbike blew himself up before reaching a checkpoint, killing two civilians and wounding two others. A Danish soldier was killed in Helmand province after insurgents attacked his patrol. Joao Silva (44), a photographer for The New York Times, was seriously injured when he stepped on a mine in Kandahar province.
    (AP, 10/23/10)(SSFC, 10/24/10, p.A8)
2010        Oct 23, The whistleblowing organization WikiLeaks said it will soon publish 15,000 more secret Afghan war documents.
    (AP, 10/23/10)

2010        Oct 24, Afghan President Hamid Karzai signaled his willingness to backtrack on a blanket ban on all private security firms, asking the foreign community for a list of projects needing protection. ISAF said one of its service members was killed by a homemade bomb in the south of country.
    (AFP, 10/24/10)(Reuters, 10/24/10)

2010        Oct 25, Afghan President Hamid Karzai said that once or twice a year Iran gives his office $700,000 to $975,000 for official presidential expenses, and that Washington also provides "bags of money" because his office lacks funds. Gunmen seized a Dutch aid worker and his Afghan driver in Takhar province. The NATO-led International Security and Assistance Force (ISAF) said at least 15 insurgents were killed in a NATO raid and air strike targeting a Taliban commander overnight in southern Afghanistan. In Logar province a senior Taliban leader, who is believed to have played a role in the kidnapping and subsequent murder of two US sailors in July, was captured along with two of his associates. An air strike killed Qari Mahmad Umar, a senior leader of the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan, who was serving as a Taliban chief in the northern Takhar province where violence is on the rise.
    (AP, 10/25/10)(Reuters, 10/25/10)(AP, 10/26/10)

2010        Oct 26, In western Afghanistan a bombing killed four Afghan policemen, including a local police chief in Herat province.
    (AP, 10/26/10)
2010        Oct 26, Iran acknowledged that it has been sending funds to neighboring Afghanistan for years, saying the money was intended to aid reconstruction of the embattled country.
    (AP, 10/26/10)
2010        Oct 26, An annual report by Transparency Int’l. marked Somalia as the most corrupt county in the world, followed by Afghanistan, Myanmar and Iraq. Denmark, New Zealand and Singapore tied as the world’s least corrupt nations. The US declined to 22nd from 19th last year.
    (SFC, 10/27/10, p.A2)

2010        Oct 27, President Karzai said Afghanistan will extend a deadline for private security firms to disband through early next year in a face-saving compromise that could preserve foreign reconstruction projects worth billions of dollars.  A roof collapsed at an Afghan wedding party, killing more than 40 women and children in Warchi village of Jalga district of Baghlan province. The international military coalition said nine insurgents were killed in a battle in the southern province.
    (AP, 10/27/10)(AFP, 10/27/10)

2010        Oct 28, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb targeting the car of a district police chief killed three police officers in Zabul province. A NATO airstrike killed a Taliban leader and another militant in southern Zabul province as he was showing his fighters a new anti-aircraft heavy machine gun mounted on the back of his vehicle. Militants shot and killed a government official in charge of the water supply in Dand district of Kandahar province as he was walking near his home. A NATO service member died following a bomb attack in southern Afghanistan. In Khost province a NATO airstrike killed one insurgent believed to be a senior leader of the Haqqani network. In neighboring Mando Zayi district of Khost, one civilian was killed and two others were wounded in fighting. US and Russian special forces and Afghan police ended an operation raiding 4 drug labs in an unprecedented collaborative military operation, destroying some $56 million worth of heroin in Nangarhar province. Months earlier Russia had provided US officials in Kabul with the coordinates of 175 laboratories where heroin is processed but the US failed to act. A NATO helicopter killed more than 20 insurgents after it was fired on during an operation in Kandahar province.
    (AP, 10/28/10)(AP, 10/29/10)(AP, 10/31/10)

2010        Oct 29, In Afghanistan’s western Herat province, insurgents surrounded a checkpoint manned by local police in the Chishti Sharif district and opened fire, killing 10 officers and wounding 12. A NATO soldier died in an attack in the south.
    (AP, 10/29/10)(AP, 10/30/10)

2010        Oct 30, Afghan President Hamid Karzai demanded that NATO forces explain why they had carried out a joint counter-narcotics operation with Russian forces inside Afghanistan, calling it a violation of sovereignty. At least 40 Taliban insurgents were killed during a failed attack on a NATO combat outpost in Barmal district near the North Waziristan border. A NATO soldier died in an attack in the volatile south. Afghan and NATO troops killed 17 insurgents in an hours-long gunbattle in southern Helmand province.
    (Reuters, 10/30/10)(AFP, 10/30/10)(AP, 10/31/10)(AP, 11/13/10)

2010        Oct 31, Afghan militants attacked a convoy carrying supplies for the police, Education Ministry, and the UN's World Food Program in western Nimroz province. Six militants were killed and one policeman was wounded in the gunbattle. A two-day battle over a bomb-making factory in Reg-i-Khan Nishin district ended with NATO and Afghan troops killing 15 insurgents.
    (AP, 10/31/10)(AP, 11/1/10)

2010        Nov 1, In eastern Afghanistan the Taliban briefly overran a district seat and torched government buildings there. Government forces who regained control of Ghazni province's Khogyani district headquarters a few hours later discovered that the 16 Afghan policemen stationed there were missing. (The bodies of four of the policemen were found a few days later in Ghazni city. 5 more bodies were found on Nov 6. Seven remained missing) 2 Afghan women were found shot to death in Helmand province. They had been running a small organization helping other women set up businesses before their bodies were found in Naway-e-Barakzayi district.  A bomb that killed two coalition service members. A suicide attack aimed at NATO troops in Zhari district killed one civilian.
    (AP, 11/1/10)(AP, 11/2/10)(AP, 11/7/10)

2010        Nov 2, In southern Afghanistan a NATO service member died after an insurgent attack.
    (AP, 11/2/10)

2010        Nov 3, The United States announced that it is bolstering its presence in Afghanistan with a 500 million dollar expansion of its Kabul embassy and the construction of two consulates. Taliban militants carried out two attacks against Afghan security forces, targeting a police station and a border patrol in strikes that left nine people dead. NATO said insurgents killed one service member in the north, while a roadside bomb killed another in the south. A coalition airstrike killed 5 militants planting a roadside bomb in Khost province.
    (AFP, 11/3/10)(AP, 11/3/10)(AP, 11/4/10)
2010        Nov 3, The Czech Parliament approved a government plan to increase the number of Czech troops in Afghanistan during the next two years. It allows the deployment of up to 720 service members in Afghanistan in 2011, and up to 640 in 2012. The current mandate was no more than 535.
    (AP, 11/3/10)
2010        Nov 3, Slovakia’s government agreed to deploy up to 348 service members in the NATO-force in Afghanistan next year, up from the current 299. The decision still needed parliamentary approval.
    (AP, 11/3/10)

2010        Nov 4, In eastern Afghanistan Taliban militants killed a NATO service member.
    (AP, 11/4/10)

2010        Nov 5, In Afghanistan a teenage suicide bomber blew himself up in a crowded bazaar in the northwest, killing at least nine people and wounding 30 others. The attack targeted the head of the Faryab provincial council, Mullah Rahmatullah Turkistani. NATO said three of its service members were killed. An Afghan and NATO force captured the Haqqani network's shadow governor for Spera district in Khost province during an overnight operation. An Afghan soldier reportedly shot and killed 2 NATO service members on their base in the Sangin district of Helmand province and then defected to the insurgency.
    (AP, 11/5/10)(AP, 11/6/10)

2010        Nov 6, The Afghan attorney general's office said that it plans to indict an ex-minister for allegedly overcharging the government nearly $20 million for fuel, one of 20 cases involving government officials accused of corruption or misuse of power. An insurgent attack killed a NATO service member in the south. In the southeast a joint Afghan and coalition force killed Mullah Mohammadullah, a Taliban leader in Shahidi Hassas district of Uruzgan province, along with an associate as they were trying to escape on a motorcycle..
    (AP, 11/6/10)(AP, 11/7/10)
2010        Nov 6, Saudi Arabia's foreign minister said Riyadh has halted mediation efforts between the Afghan government and the Taliban because the fundamentalist movement has refused to break ties with al-Qaida.
    (AP, 11/6/10)

2010        Nov 7, In eastern Afghanistan two NATO service members died in two different insurgents attacks. A vehicle hit a mine in Helmand province, killing five civilians. In Kandahar a government employee working at a prison in the city was shot and killed by insurgents. Afghan and NATO forces targeted suspected insurgent strongholds in a joint operation in southern Kandahar province, killing 15 and capturing 13. A rocket exploded in Lashkar Gah, capital of Helmand province, killing one civilian and wounding four. Gunmen set fire to the girls' middle school in Laghman province, burning the structure and its contents.
    (AP, 11/7/10)(AP, 11/8/10)

2010        Nov 8, In eastern Afghanistan a NATO service member was killed by a bomb. Another died following an insurgent attack in the east.
    (AP, 11/8/10)(AP, 11/9/10)

2010        Nov 9, Afghan security forces arrested a member of the deadly Haqqani network and three other associates after ordering the plane flying him to Saudi Arabia to return to the capital. A NATO service member was killed in a bomb attack in the south. In the eastern province of Paktia, militants killed the chief of Shewak district by blowing up his car with a roadside bomb. NATO announced the capture of a senior Taliban leader responsible for attacks in the Dand and Panjwai districts of Kandahar province, as well as another Taliban member linked to multiple bombings in the provincial capital. In Zabul province Afghan and coalition forces captured a Taliban insurgent responsible for moving weapons and coordinating attacks in the Shahjoy district. 4 policemen were killed in an ambush as they were driving through Imam Sahib district along the border with Tajikistan. A NATO service member was killed by a bomb blast in the south.
    (AP, 11/9/10)(AP, 11/10/10)

2010        Nov 10, In Afghanistan a suicide car bomber blew himself up at a bazaar in Khost province in the country's east, killing a policeman and an Afghan soldier. A NATO service member was killed in an insurgent attack in the south. Another coalition service member died in fighting in the east. At least one de-miner was killed and another was wounded in Chaparhar district of Nangarhar province when the de-mining team's vehicle hit a roadside bomb. Attacks across the country left 10 dead altogether.
    (AP, 11/10/10)(SFC, 11/11/10, p.A2)

2010        Nov 11, The Afghan election commission said that it had opened an investigation into allegations that a top government official pressured an election worker to rig the results of the parliamentary ballot in western Afghanistan. At least 15 insurgents were killed by in a fierce round of fighting in Helmand province. 2 Taliban bomb makers were captured in an area of Kandahar province near the Pakistan border.
    (AP, 11/11/10)(AP, 11/12/10)

2010        Nov 12, In Afghanistan a suicide car bomber targeted foreign forces in Kabul but the device detonated early, slightly injuring an Afghan soldier and a NATO service member. An ISAF soldier died after an attack by militant fighters in the east of the country. 15 militants were detained during three overnight operations targeting Taliban leaders across Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 11/12/10)(AP, 11/12/10)

2010        Nov 13, Afghan Pres. Karzai said the US must reduce its visibility and the intensity of its military operations and end increased night raids by Special Operations forces. In eastern Afghanistan a group of would-be suicide bombers tried to storm a major NATO base on the edge of Jalalabad city, but were repelled before they could enter. Six insurgents were killed, including two who were wearing bomb-laden suicide vests. Insurgents in the same area set fire to a NATO fuel convoy. The truck drivers quickly fled and the insurgents set 12 tankers ablaze A bomb hidden in a motorbike also exploded on a busy street in the Imam Sahib district of the northern province of Kunduz, killing 10 people. Insurgents killed 3 coalition service members in an attack in the south.
    (AP, 11/13/10)(AP, 11/14/10)(SSFC, 11/14/10, p.A8)
2010        Nov 13, Afghan diplomat Abdul Khaliq Farahi was freed in eastern Afghanistan in a joint effort by officials from Afghanistan and Pakistan and returned to Kabul. He was seized by gunmen on Sep 22, 2008, in the Pakistani city of Peshawar.
    (AP, 11/14/10)

2010        Nov 14, In Afghanistan a series of bomb blasts and insurgents attacks killed 11 people across the country, including five NATO service members and three Afghan police taking part in Operation Bulldog Bite in Kunar province. A total of 7 ISAF troops were killed today.
    (AP, 11/14/10)(Reuters, 11/18/10)

2010        Nov 15, Afghanistan's government played down comments by President Hamid Karzai calling on the US military to scale back its operations and reduce its "intrusiveness" on everyday life in the country. Taliban leader Mullah Omar, rumored to be in Pakistan, said in a statement that reports of peace talks between militants and the Afghan government were "misleading rumors" and dismissed the coalition surge as ineffective.
    (AFP, 11/15/10)

2010        Nov 16, Afghan Pres. Hamid Karzai urged insurgents to abandon violence and accept offers of reconciliation from the government, using the Muslim holiday of Eid al-Adha to issue a plea for peace. In Kunduz province two Afghan men with government ties were killed by a bomb that had been hidden near the grave of one of their relatives. A British soldier was killed by insurgent gunfire in the southern province of Helmand. A homemade bomb also killed an ISAF service member in southern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 11/16/10)(Reuters, 11/18/10)

2010        Nov 18, Afghan troops and the NATO-led International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) wrapped up the four-day operation in the Pech River valley of volatile Kunar province. Reports said Operation Bulldog Bite may have killed more than 40 insurgents. 2 insurgents were killed when Afghan and foreign troops targeted a suspected Taliban leader in the Now Zad district of Helmand province.
    (Reuters, 11/18/10)(AFP, 11/19/10)

2010        Nov 19, In southern Afghanistan a NATO soldier was killed in a bomb attack as leaders met in Portugal to determine the future of the alliance's mission.  ISAF reported the capture of a leader from the hardline, Pakistan-based Haqqani network in eastern Khost province. In Baghlan a joint force targeted a series of compounds and captured another key Haqqani figure, who served as a liaison between the network and Taliban operatives in northern Afghanistan. Six of his associates were taken into custody as well. In Kunar province ISAF troops killed three civilians and wounded four others during fighting with militants.
    (AP, 11/19/10)(AFP, 11/20/10)
2010        Nov 19, NATO leaders began a 2-day meeting in Portugal. A top official said it will start drawing down its troops in Afghanistan next July and its combat role in the war-torn nation will end by 2014 or earlier so security can be turned over to the Afghans. NATO leaders planned to approve a new 10-year vision for NATO.
    (AP, 11/19/10)(Reuters, 11/19/10)

2010        Nov 20, In eastern Afghanistan Taliban suicide bombers on bicycles killed four people and wounded 31. Hafiz Janan, a Taliban leader involved in training foreign fighters, was killed in the Bakwa district of Farah province. Another Taliban leader was captured in Baraki Barak district of Logar province.
    (Reuters, 11/20/10)(AP, 11/22/10)
2010        Nov 20, NATO nations meeting in Portugal formally agreed to start turning over Afghanistan's security to its military next year and give them full control by 2014. The US and its allies appeared to take conflicting views on when NATO combat operations would end. NATO Secretary-General Anders Fogh Rasmussen said he did not expect NATO troops to stay in the fight against the Taliban after 2014. Russia was receptive but stopped short of accepting a historic NATO invitation to join a missile shield protecting Europe against Iranian attack.
    (AP, 11/20/10)(Reuters, 11/20/10)

2010        Nov 21, In Afghanistan 3 civilians were killed by a roadside bomb in Kandahar province. Small arms fire and a rocket attack killed the police chief of Musa Khel district of Khost province. ISAF said more than 20 militants were killed in air strikes and fighting, mainly in the restive south. The watchdog panel charged with rooting out fraud in the recent parliamentary election disqualified 19 candidates who had been announced as winners in preliminary results. A man working on a stream clearing project in Kandahar province was killed by an unknown gunman in front of his children in Zhari district. 7 were killed, two were wounded and four were captured during a clearing operation that ended in Herat province. In northern Kunduz province, insurgents attacked a checkpoint set up by a local police force, sparking heavy fighting. Two of the local police were killed, along with 17 of the attackers. A NATO service member died in an insurgent attack in southern Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 11/21/10)(AP, 11/21/10)(AP, 11/22/10)(AP, 11/25/10)
2010        Nov 21, in Afghanistan US Marine Cpl. William Carpenter took a blow fram a grenade to save a fellow Marine in Helmand province and was severely wounded. In 2014 Pres. Obama awarded him the Medal of Honor.
    (SFC, 6/20/14, p.A6)

2010        Nov 22, In eastern Afghanistan homemade bombs killed 4 Afghan civilians, including two children, riding on a tractor in the Zurmat district of Paktia province. In an overnight operation in the same district, a joint Afghan and NATO force killed Fared Gul, a Taliban fighter involved in planting roadside bombs. 2 NATO coalition service members were killed in the south. A suicide bomber detonated his explosives vest while driving a motorcycle down a main road in Mohmand Dara district, Nangarhar province. Haqqani network leader Wahidullah was killed by an airstrike in the Sabari district of Khost province.
    (AP, 11/22/10)(AP, 11/25/10)

2010        Nov 23, An Afghan close to negotiations with the Taliban said a man leading the Taliban side of peace talks with the Afghan government was an impersonator, in a setback to efforts to negotiate an end to the war.
    (AP, 11/23/10)

2010        Nov 24, Afghan election officials announced final vote totals for 33 of 34 provinces. 1.3m of 5.6m ballots were discarded for fraud and 19 candidates were disqualified for cheating. The top prosecutor announced a new investigation into allegations of ballot manipulation, potentially dealing another setback to a fraud-marred parliamentary election just as many had hoped a declaration of final results would allow the country to move on. Emerging opposition leader Abdullah Abdullah said that more than 90 of his supporters had won seats in parliament, following the announcement of certified results. Abdul Hadi, a Taliban leader, was killed when he pulled a pistol on Afghan and NATO forces who were trying to arrest him during a raid in the Khogyani district of Ghazni province. 
    (AP, 11/24/10)(AFP, 11/24/10)(AP, 11/25/10)(SFC, 11/26/10, p.A5)(Econ, 11/27/10, p.50)

2010        Nov 25, The Afghan deputy attorney general said his office has arrested two employees of the nation's electoral commission and two people working in the money transfer business on allegations of fraud in the September parliamentary elections. In eastern Afghanistan 2 insurgent facilitators were arrested on separate operations. NATO captured a Haqqani leader in the eastern Afghan province of Khost.
    (AP, 11/25/10)(AP, 11/28/10)

2010        Nov 27, In Afghanistan 2 suicide bombers blew themselves up at an Afghan police headquarters in eastern Paktika province, killing 13 police officers near the Pakistan border. A NATO service member also was killed in a bomb attack in eastern Afghanistan. Afghan and coalition forces killed at least 15 insurgents during an overnight search for a senior Taliban leader in the Sherzad district of Nangarhar province.
    (AP, 11/27/10)(AP, 11/28/10)

2010        Nov 28, In Afghanistan gunmen firing on a car killed Abdullah Ahmadzai, a local government official, and two of his relatives in Logar province. Coalition forces launched an airstrike in Nad Ali district in Helmand province, killing a Taliban leader who planned and coordinated roadside bombs against Afghan and NATO forces.
    (AP, 11/28/10)

2010        Nov 29, Afghanistan said its relations with the United States would not be affected by leaked cables portraying President Hamid Karzai as weak and paranoid, and his brother as a corrupt drugs baron. 6 NATO troops were shot dead by a man wearing an Afghan border police uniform during a training exercise in Nangarhar province. The shooter was killed. 9 Afghan private security guards from a construction company were kidnapped in Kabul province. Coalition forces killed Haji Ibrahim, a former chief of Gereshk district, Helmand province, and arrested six members of his family.
    (AFP, 11/29/10)(Reuters, 11/29/10)(AFP, 12/1/10)(AP, 12/2/10)

2010        Dec 1, In Afghanistan gunmen kidnapped 16 deminers but released nine of them hours later before taking the rest to an unknown location. A coalition service member was killed  in a roadside explosion in the south. The remaining 7 deminers were freed in Pakistan on Dec 3.
    (AFP, 12/1/10)(AP, 12/2/10)(AFP, 12/3/10)

2010        Dec 2, In Afghanistan 2 coalition service members were killed by bombs and insurgent fighting in the south and east. Afghan and coalition forces detained numerous suspected insurgents during two security operations in the south and east.
    (AP, 12/2/10)

2010        Dec 3, President Barack Obama slipped unannounced into Afghanistan, one year after widening an ever deadlier war and just days before a pivotal review about the 9-year-plus conflict. Due to weather Obama planned a secure video conference with Pres. Karzai from Bagram Air Field.
    (AP, 12/3/10)
2010        Dec 3, US diplomatic cables, revealed today by WikiLeaks, portrayed Afghanistan as rife with graft to the highest levels of government, with tens of millions of dollars flowing out of the country and a cash transfer network that facilitates bribes for corrupt Afghan officials, drug traffickers and insurgents.
    (AP, 12/3/10)

2010        Dec 5, In Afghanistan a Taliban suicide bomber blew himself up next to a string of shop stalls inside the eastern Gardez army base, killing two NATO service members and at least two civilians. In the south another NATO service member was killed in an insurgent attack while an Afghan employee of an American contractor was shot dead in the city of Lashkar Gah. A British soldier was killed during an operation in the Nad-e Ali District of Helmand province. Supporting fire from a US aircraft was suspected. He was the 346th death among British forces and civilian defense workers in Afghanistan since 2002. Four Afghan election commission employees were arrested in a sign that the political intrigue over September's fraud-tainted parliamentary election is not over.
    (AP, 12/5/10)(AP, 12/6/10)

2010        Dec 7, Maj. Gen. Richard Mills, a senior US Marine general in Afghanistan, declared the battle in the southern Taliban stronghold of Marjah "essentially over."
    (AP, 12/7/10)

2010        Dec 8, In Afghanistan a Taliban leader and three of his family members were killed in a coalition airstrike on their car, which was traveling in Nad Ali district.
    (AP, 12/9/10)
2010        Dec 8, In Russia drug control agencies from Afghanistan, Pakistan, Russia and Tajikistan agreed to step up cooperation to stop the flow of drugs through Afghan borders.
    (AP, 12/8/10)

2010        Dec 9, In southern Afghanistan insurgents killed a NATO service member.
    (AP, 12/9/10)

2010        Dec 10, In Afghanistan, in recognition of International Human Rights Day, several hundred demonstrators, some holding photographs of victims of three decades of war, shouted for justice and peace in Kabul, just hours before a suicide car bomber blew himself up in Nangarhar province, killing two civilians. In the south a NATO service member was killed by a roadside bomb. 15 civilians were killed when their vehicle struck a roadside bomb in Helmand province.
    (AP, 12/10/10)(Reuters, 12/11/10)

2010        Dec 11, In Afghanistan a car bomb blast near the police headquarters in Kandahar City wounded four Afghan police and two civilians. The suicide attacker in Kunduz province drove a police vehicle and targeted an Afghan National Army convoy, wounding five soldiers and four civilians. An air strike by the NATO-led International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) killed seven road construction company employees overnight. ISAF said Afghan and foreign troops were approached and then fired on by armed men while hunting an insurgent and shot back, killing seven. The disputed incident sent hundreds pouring onto the streets of Gardez city in a protest that turned violent.
    (Reuters, 12/11/10)
2010        Dec 11, Turkmenistan signed broad agreements with Afghanistan, India and Pakistan at a summit in its capital Ashgabat on the 1,700-km (1,050-mile) TAPI pipeline. Afghanistan the next day said it will deploy up to 7,000 troops to secure the major transnational gas pipeline, slated to run through some of the most dangerous parts of the war-torn country.
    (AFP, 12/12/10)

2010        Dec 12, In southern Afghanistan an insurgent attack killed at least six foreign troops and two Afghan soldiers in Kandahar's Zhari district. Several suspects were arrested for the suicide attack that killed six US troops when an explosives-packed minibus blew up at the entrance of a joint NATO-Afghan base.
    (Reuters, 12/12/10)(AP, 12/13/10)

2010        Dec 13, Afghan lawmakers demanded that President Hamid Karzai inaugurate a new parliament on December 19 and draw a line under disputed results of a fraud-hit September election.
    (AFP, 12/13/10)

2010        Dec 14, In southern Afghanistan a NATO service member died from a roadside bomb. Jordanian-Palestinian militant Mahmoud Abu Reidah (38) was killed by US forces. An al-Qaida operative better known as Abu Rasmi, he was granted political asylum in Britain in 1998.
    (AP, 12/14/10)(AP, 12/22/10)

2010        Dec 15, In southern Afghanistan a bicycle bomb killed three children and wounded six civilians near Kandahar City at a temporary camp for pilgrims returning from Mecca. A NATO service member was killed in a blast in the south.
    (AFP, 12/15/10)(AP, 12/15/10)

2010        Dec 16, President Barack Obama said the United States will start withdrawing US troops from Afghanistan in July as promised. He still warned of sobering days, saying the war will remain a "very difficult endeavor." In Afghanistan a bomb killed 14 members of the same family north of Herat city. 4 Afghan soldiers died overnight in a NATO air strike in Helmand province.
    (AP, 12/16/10)(AFP, 12/16/10)

2010        Dec 17, In Afghanistan kidnappers killed a Bangladeshi working for a South Korean firm and held 3 road workers hostage after storming their camp at gunpoint between the northern provinces of Balkh and Samangan. Haitham Mohammed al-Khayat (26), a prominent Jordanian-Palestinian militant better known in extremist circles as Abu Kandahar al-Zarqawi, was killed by US forces. He was an administrator of the online jihadi forum, Al-Hesbah, according to Islamist militant websites.
    (AFP, 12/18/10)(AP, 12/22/10)

2010        Dec 18, In eastern Afghanistan NATO troops killed more than 20 insurgents in fighting after a patrol came under fire. German Chancellor Angela Merkel paid an unannounced visit to northern Afghanistan to boost German troops' morale for a war that is deeply unpopular at home and to meet with the Afghan president. A leader of the Haqqani network was killed in an operation by international forces and their Afghan counterparts in the eastern Khost province. A man was captured during a night raid in the Zharay district of southern Kandahar province by Afghan and coalition forces, who described him as "a key Taliban weapons facilitator."
    (AP, 12/18/10)(Reuters, 12/18/10)(AP, 12/22/10)(Reuters, 12/24/10)

2010        Dec 19, In northern Afghanistan troops shot dead rebels at an army recruitment center in Kunduz to end a day-long siege following 2 attacks by militants that killed at least 13 security personnel. In Kabul two suicide bombers targeted an army bus, killing five military personal. One civilian was killed and four children were wounded when their vehicle was struck by a roadside bomb in Panjwayi district, in Kandahar province.
    (AFP, 12/19/10)

2010        Dec 21, In southern Afghanistan a British soldier was one of two NATO service members killed in Helmand. 5 civilians died as militants attacked coalition forces in the Sangin district. Seven insurgents were killed in the battle.
    (AP, 12/21/10)(AP, 12/22/10)

2010        Dec 22, Afghan officials said Iran has banned fuel exports to Afghanistan, stranding about 3,000 fuel trucks at the border and driving up wholesale prices for the refined products ahead of what many Afghans fear will be a blistery winter in their oil-poor nation.
    (AP, 12/22/10)
2010        Dec 22, A joint Afghan and NATO patrol killed several insurgents in the southern province of Helmand during an operation targeting a mid-level Taliban leader involved in roadside bomb attacks. A Taliban leader involved in the Dec 19 bus bombing in Kabul and two other insurgents in an airstrike in Ghazni province in the center of the country. A roadside bomb struck a tractor pulling a cart loaded with passengers, killing a child and wounding nine people in the Garm Ser district of Helmand province.
    (AP, 12/23/10)

2010        Dec 23, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber killed an Afghan policeman and wounded five civilians in Kunduz. A blast in Ghazni killed a man suspected of being either a suicide bomber or of trying to plant a bomb under a truck. A NATO helicopter opened fire on a convoy of cars heading to an event hosted by the head of a local council in Faryab province, killing a police officer and the brother of a lawmaker. It was reported that US-donated medicines and pharmaceutical supplies meant to keep the new Afghan army and police healthy have been disappearing before reaching Afghan military hospitals and clinics.
    (AFP, 12/23/10)(AP, 12/23/10)

2010        Dec 24, In Afghanistan 2 Afghan security guards were killed after coalition forces raided the compound of Tiger International, an Afghan private security company, in Kabul over an alleged plot to attack the United States embassy. A policeman and one civilian were killed by a mine near Khost. A policeman was killed and another injured when their vehicle struck a roadside bomb near the main road between Jalalabad and Torkham in Nangarhar province.
    (AFP, 12/24/10)(AP, 12/26/10)
2010        Dec 24, The leaders of Afghanistan and Pakistan met in Istanbul for a new round of talks aimed at building trust between the two neighbors. Turkey’s Pres. Gul said a railroad between Turkey and Pakistan should be extended to Afghanistan and flights between the three countries should be expanded for better cooperation.
    (AP, 12/24/10)

2010        Dec 26, The Afghanistan Defense Ministry said it will investigate missing US-donated medicines and pharmaceutical supplies meant for its army and police. "Numerous insurgents were killed" in two separate incidents in Helmand and Kandahar during a NATO operation targeting suspect vehicles. Several suspected insurgents were detained.
    (AP, 12/26/10)(AP, 12/27/10)

2010        Dec 27, In Afghanistan a Taliban car bomb targeted a bank where police queued for salaries in Kandahar, killing three people. NATO said one of its service members was killed in a roadside bombing in southern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 12/27/10)(AFP, 12/27/10)

2010        Dec 28, An Afghan soldier was killed in a suicide attack in the eastern Paktika province. NATO said that it, in conjunction with Afghan forces, had killed more than 15 insurgents over the past 24 hours.
    (AP, 12/29/10)

2010        Dec 29, In eastern Afghanistan US forces clashed with insurgents, fending off a Taliban assault for the second time in as many days. NATO said it and Afghan forces have detained a Taliban leader in the southwestern province of Nimroz. NATO forces killed at least 5 Taliban fighters over night in Nangarhar province. Two slain Taliban commanders were identified as Shir Zaman and Zhir Gull.
    (AP, 12/29/10)(SFC, 12/30/10, p.A4)

2010        Dec 30, In southern Afghanistan 14 Afghan civilians were killed and four others injured when a minivan struck a roadside bomb in Helmand province. Several insurgents and a child were killed in fighting during a joint operation with Afghan forces targeting a Taliban logistics officer in a compound in Wardak province. Afghan and coalition troops killed Maulvi Bahadar (Bahadur), the Taliban "shadow governor" of northern Kunduz province.
    (AFP, 12/30/10)(AP, 12/31/10)(AP, 1/2/11)

2010        Dec 31, Afghan forces conducted an overnight raid in two compounds in Tahar province killing a Taliban district chief in a gunfight that also left an Afghan policeman and a border guard dead, NATO said insurgents attacks claimed the lives of two coalition service members. Coalition forces killed Abdul Hai, a Taliban leader in Kunduz.
    (AP, 12/31/10)(AP, 1/2/11)

2010        Sebastian Junger authored “War," an account of his experiences as an embedded journalist in Afghanistan.
    (SSFC, 5/16/10, p.F1)
2010        Afghanistan’s central bank spent $820 million of its reserves bailing out Kabul Bank.
    (Econ, 6/18/11, p.47)
2010        In Afghanistan some 2,043 civilians died this year as a result of Taliban attacks and military operations targeting the militants. Roadside bombs killed 268 American troops this year, a 60% increase over the year before.
    (AP, 1/19/11)(AP, 1/26/11)

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