Timeline Afghanistan  2011-2017

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2011        Jan 1, In Afghanistan NATO forces captured two key insurgent leaders. 2 insurgents were killed in a NATO airstrike in the Kandahar province's Zhari district. A NATO service member was killed in a deadly bombing that raised to three the number of coalition troops killed since the new year began. NATO said coalition and Afghan forces captured a Taliban insurgent who provided the materials used in the Dec. 5 bombing of a NATO base in Khost province.
    (AP, 1/2/11)

2011        Jan 2, In Afghanistan gunmen entered a mosque in Baghlan province's Markazi district, killing four civilians and wounding two. A fifth person was killed in a bombing outside a butcher's shop in Herat.
    (AP, 1/3/11)

2011        Jan 3, US Marine Maj. Gen. Richard Mills, the senior Marine general in Afghanistan, said the leaders of the largest tribe in a Taliban stronghold in the southern Helmand province have pledged to halt insurgent attacks and expel foreign fighters.
    (AP, 1/3/11)

2011        Jan 4, Afghanistan's Pres. Karzai told foreign powers to stop meddling in the country's internal affairs. A bomb exploded in central Kabul, killing one police officer and wounding three other people. Hundreds of police swept through villages 220km northeast of Kabul, killing at least eight rebels in an operation against militants. In Kandahar province four rebels were killed when an IED they were planting on a road went off prematurely.
    (AP, 1/4/11)(AFP, 1/4/11)

2011        Jan 5, Afghanistan's intelligence agencies said that they have thwarted two major attacks in Kabul in the past 20 days: a plot to assassinate the country's first vice president and a bombing near the president's palace. NATO said two of its service members were killed by roadside bombs, one in southern Afghanistan and the second in the east.
    (AP, 1/5/11)

2011        Jan 6, The Pentagon said the US will temporarily send 1,400 more Marines to Afghanistan in an effort to hold onto fragile security gains, but overall troop levels will not surpass previously announced limits.
    (Reuters, 1/6/11)

2011        Jan 7, In southern Afghanistan a Taliban suicide bomber  in Spin Boldak assassinated a police commander named Ramazan and killed 16 others at a public bath. Criminal investigation police chief Farid Ahmad was killed in a drive-by shooting in Kandahar. Hundreds of Afghans demonstrated outside the Iranian Embassy in Kabul to protest Iran's blocking of thousands of fuel trucks at the border with Afghanistan, a step that has sent domestic fuel prices soaring as the country's harsh winter sets in.
    (AFP, 1/7/11)

2011        Jan 8, In Afghanistan 3 civilians, including a child, were killed in crossfire as militants battled NATO forces in Helmand province. 2 civilians were killed and three wounded when a rocket struck their home in Helmand. A roadside bomb killed a coalition soldier in the east.
    (AP, 1/9/11)(SSFC, 1/9/11, p.A5)

2011        Jan 9, In Afghanistan’s northern province of Kunduz, NATO forces, in tandem with their Afghan counterparts, arrested five people in connection with a Dec. 19 attack that killed at least eight Afghan security soldiers and police in the area. Hundreds gathered in the main mosque in Kunduz to protest the arrest of Mullah Nurallah, the apparent target of the raid. Irate Afghan authorities denied that local forces were involved.
    (AP, 1/9/11)

2011        Jan 10, In southern Afghanistan 3 policemen were killed in a car bombing claimed by the Taliban in Kandahar province. Vice President Joe Biden arrived on a trip for talks with President Hamid Karzai and visit with US troops. Gen. David Petraeus, commander of NATO forces in Afghanistan, said a recent pledge by a southern Afghan tribe to stand up to the Taliban shows that the military push in the region is making headway.
    (AFP, 1/10/11)(Reuters, 1/10/11)

2011        Jan 11, An Afghan government delegation said a major coalition military operation under way in Kandahar has caused about 100 million dollars worth of damage to property. Operation Omaid, which started in April, was aimed to root out the Taliban in Kandahar.
    (AFP, 1/11/11)

2011        Jan 12, In Afghanistan attacks against the intelligence service and international forces killed at least nine people. A suicide bomber on a motorbike targeted a minibus carrying Afghan intelligence service employees. The attack left at least two people dead and wounded more than 30. Two roadside bombs killed four international troops. A fifth international service member was killed in an insurgent attack in eastern Afghanistan, and another died in the east from a "non-battle related injury. Afghan and coalition forces detained a Taliban operator in Behsud district of Nangarhar province.
    (AP, 1/12/11)(AP, 1/13/11)

2011        Jan 13, In eastern Afghanistan a bomb in a marketplace killed a child outside a music cassette shop in Jalalabad. The Afghan fuel ministry said that Iran currently was allowing 1,000 tons of fuel to enter Afghanistan at three border crossings each day, compared with 3,000 to 4,000 tons daily before the trucks were blocked.
    (AP, 1/13/11)

2011        Jan 14, In southern Afghanistan insurgents detonated a roadside bomb that killed seven civilians they had released only moments earlier following a brief detention on a highway in Zabul province. NATO said in a statement that its regional command in the south had received more than 800 claims for compensation since Nov. 2 and that it had settled more than half, paying out a total of $1.4 million.
    (AP, 1/14/11)

2011        Jan 15, In southern Afghanistan a US Marine shot and killed an Afghan policeman after an argument at a patrol base in Sangin, Helmand province. A joint Afghan and NATO force killed several armed insurgents while tracking a Taliban operator in Nirkh district of Wardak province, west of Kabul. 13 militants were killed in the operation. A bicycle bomb targeting police vehicles near the center of Kandahar city wounded at least 10 people. 6 civilians were killed by a roadside bomb in Helmand province and six died after an air strike by foreign forces in mountainous eastern Kunar.
    (AP, 1/15/11)(Reuters, 1/16/11)

2011        Jan 16, In northern Afghanistan a roadside bomb destroyed a car carrying nine people to a wedding in Baghlan province, killing everyone inside including a child. A joint Afghan and NATO force killed 3 more militants in Wardak province.
    (Reuters, 1/16/11)

2011        Jan 18, Afghanistan's trade associations said they have halted trade with neighboring Iran to protest against an unexplained fuel blockade which has been choking the Afghan economy. An Afghan soldier shot dead one Italian troop and seriously wounded another at an army post in northern Afghanistan. 50 Taliban fighters laid down their arms and joined pro-government forces in northern Afghanistan. A rocket hit a civilian house during a firefight between insurgents and NATO forces in Herat province. One child was killed and another 10 people were wounded.
    (Reuters, 1/18/11)(AP, 1/18/11)(AP, 1/19/11)(Reuters, 1/20/11)
2011        Jan 18, In Afghanistan an unknown assailant sprayed acid in the face of a prominent Afghan journalist and author, apparently in retaliation for his politically charged writing. Razaq Mamoon was not critically injured, but his face was splotchy with red and black patches.
    (AP, 1/19/11)

2011        Jan 19, In eastern Afghanistan a total of 13 civilians including children and women were killed by a Taliban-style roadside bomb in Paktika province. A roadside bomb in southern Zabul province killed four border police officers who were patrolling the area. Pres. Karzai’s office said he would defer by a month the already delayed inauguration of parliament. Legislators said they start their work unilaterally.
    (AFP, 1/19/11)(AP, 1/19/11)(SFC, 1/20/11, p.A3)

2011        Jan 20, The Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan said in an online post that Bekkay Harrach, known by the pseudonym Abu Talha al-Almani, "Abu Talha the German," was killed leading an attack on the Bagram Air Field in Afghanistan. It didn't specify when.
    (AP, 1/20/11)

2011        Jan 21, Afghan leader Hamid Karzai paid his first state visit to Russia amid political mayhem at home that saw a delay in the seating of a new parliament and renewed questions about his ability to lead the war-ravaged state. A joint statement said Pres. Medvedev has gratefully accepted Hamid Karzai's invitation to visit Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 1/21/11)
2011        Jan 21, Osama bin Laden demanded that France withdraw its troops from Afghanistan in exchange for the release of French hostages being held by al-Qaida affiliates, according to an audio message broadcast on an Arabic news channel.
    (AP, 1/21/11)

2011        Jan 23, Afghan lawmakers set aside a demand for President Hamid Karzai to scrap a controversial court probing election fraud, paving the way for parliament to convene in three days after weeks of in-fighting.
    (AP, 1/23/11)

2011        Jan 26, Afghan President Hamid Karzai inaugurated parliament, ending weeks of political infighting, but took a dig at the West saying "foreign interference" had been a serious problem.
    (Reuters, 1/26/11)

2011        Jan 28, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber killed 9 people, including 3 foreign women, inside a high-end grocery store in the heart of a heavily guarded district of Kabul that's home to many diplomats and Westerners. Six of the victims were the son of a former Afghan senator (Mahbooba Huqoqmal), his rights activist wife and their four children. On Feb 10 an Afghan man publicly confessed to helping a suicide bomber cross the Pakistani border so he could attack the Kabul supermarket popular with foreigners.
    (AP, 1/28/11)(AFP, 1/29/11)(AP, 2/10/11)

2011        Jan 29, In Afghanistan Abdul Latif Ashna, the deputy governor of southern Kandahar province, was killed by a suicide bomber. The Taliban claimed responsibility for the attack.
    (AFP, 1/29/11)

2011        Jan 31, In eastern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed a NATO service member.
    (AP, 1/31/11)

2011        Feb 2, Afghan President Hamid Karzai arrived in New Delhi to discuss efforts to restore security in Afghanistan and to attend a conference on sustainable development.
    (AP, 2/2/11)
2011        Feb 2, Afghanistan's Finance Minister Omar Zakhilwal called for an investigation into allegations he personally benefited from corruption at Kabul Bank, the country's largest bank. Details of alleged improper interest payments were made public by The Wall Street Journal a day earlier.
    (AP, 2/2/11)
2011        Feb 2, In Afghanistan Australian Corporal Richard Edward Atkinson (22) was killed while on patrol in Uruzgan's Deh Rahwod. This upped the number of Australian troops killed in the conflict to 22.
    (AFP, 2/3/11)

2011        Feb 3, The US military said Awal Gul (48), an Afghan prisoner at Guantanamo Bay, collapsed and died, apparently from natural causes, after exercising inside the jail. Gul fell in the shower Feb 1 after working out on an elliptical machine in Camp 6, a communal section of the Guantanamo reserved for well-behaved prisoners, and died at the base hospital. He was an "an admitted Taliban recruiter" who operated an al-Qaida guesthouse and had met several times with Osama bin Laden. Gul resigned from the Taliban more than a year before the attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, because he considered them "corrupt and abusive." He was arrested by US forces in December 2001 when he voluntarily traveled to meet with American military officials in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 2/4/11)

2011        Feb 4, In southern Afghanistan a suicide car bomb struck outside the house of Kandahar city police chief Khan Mohammad Mujahid, wounding at least 2 people. It was the 2nd attack on him this week.
    (AP, 2/4/11)

2011        Feb 5, In southern Afghanistan two NATO service members were killed in separate bomb attacks. NATO troops captured 48 Iranian-made warheads, 49 fuses, and 49 rocket mortars. They were being transported in a three-truck convoy, in southern Nimruz, near the Iranian and Pakistani borders.
    (AP, 2/5/11)(AP, 3/9/11)

2011        Feb 7, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber killed one person and wounded five others in Kandahar city, hours after attackers gunned down a local government chief in the country's volatile eastern borderlands. David Hillman, a retired customs officer who had worked for the US government for 30 years, died in the blast at the Inland Customs Warehouse in Kandahar. Giles Duley (39), British photographer, was severely injured in a roadside bombing during a foot patrol in Kandahar province. He underwent multiple amputations and was flown back to Britain for further treatment.
    (AP, 2/7/11)(AP, 2/9/11)(AFP, 2/12/11)

2011        Feb 8, Afghan Pres. Karzai seconded a request by the High Peace Council calling for the release of Mullah Khairullah Khairkhwa, to join in reconciliation talks. Khairkhwa, who has been held at Guantanamo since 2002, was a Taliban interior minister and governor of Herat province during the Taliban government.
    (SFC, 2/9/11, p.A3)
2011        Feb 8, Lithuania sent an 8-member team to train Afghan army helicopter pilots. Defense Minister Rasa Jukneviciene said the Lithuanian military could hand over the central Afghan province of Ghor to local forces by the end of 2012. A Lithuanian force of some 150 has been at the helm since 2005 of what is known in NATO jargon as a Provincial Reconstruction Team in Ghor. Lithuania first sent troops to Afghanistan in 2002 after the US-led overthrow of the Taliban regime.
    (AFP, 2/8/11)

2011        Feb 9, In southern Afghanistan 2 NATO service members died. In the north a roadside bomb exploded and killed the director of criminal investigations in Chimtal district of Balkh province.
    (AP, 2/9/11)
2011        Feb 9, US authorities ordered sanctions on two Afghan nationals said to be part of the financial network that supports Al-Qaeda, the Taliban and the Haqqani network. The US Treasury named as Specially Designated Global Terrorists Said Jan Abd Al-Salam and Khalil Al-Rahman Haqqani.
    (AFP, 2/9/11)

2011        Feb 10, In northern Afghanistan a suicide bomber killed Chardara district governor Abdul Wahid Omerkhail and two others after walking into the administrator's office in Kunduz province to hand over a letter.
    (AFP, 2/10/11)

2011        Feb 12, In Afghanistan Taliban suicide bombers killed 19 people, including 15 police and an intelligence agent, in an assault on police headquarters in Kandahar city.
    (AFP, 2/12/11)

2011        Feb 14, Afghan government prosecutors and police stormed into election commission offices in Kabul to seize control of vote data, accusing the body of not cooperating with a probe into fraud. A suicide bomber blew himself up at the entrance of a Kabul shopping and hotel complex, killing two security guards in the second attack at a site frequented by foreigners and westernized Afghans in less than a month. Officials said 9 employees of Afghanistan's Central Bank and a troubled private bank (Kabul Bank), have been accused of stealing $1.5 million through a fake check scheme. The suspects were arrested two weeks ago.
    (AFP, 2/14/11)(AP, 2/14/11)

2011        Feb 17, Afghan and NATO forces said they have captured leaders of an insurgent group in eastern Afghanistan, including one believed to be linked to last month's suicide attack on a Kabul supermarket. Insurgent attacks elsewhere killed three, including a NATO service member. The multinational force said it killed a member of the Haqqani network in an airstrike in Khost province. An Afghan National Police officer was killed when he was hit by a NATO convoy in a traffic circle near the US Embassy in Kabul. A NATO operation in Kunar province killed number of insurgents. Afghan civilians were later reported killed in the operation.
    (AP, 2/17/11)(Reuters, 2/20/11)(AP, 2/21/11)

2011        Feb 18, In northern Afghanistan a man wearing an Afghan army uniform opened fire on German troops working on a vehicle, killing two soldiers and wounding at least eight others. A suicide car bomber struck a police station in the eastern city of Khost, killing 11 people — one Afghan policeman and 10 civilians. A roadside bomb killed three Afghan policemen and wounded two others in Shinwar district of the eastern province of Nangarhar. A roadside bomb also killed a coalition service member in the south. 
    (AP, 2/18/11)
2011        Feb 18, The United States sanctioned the New Ansari Money Exchange, a major Afghan money-exchange outfit, suspected of laundering billions of dollars in drug money.
    (AP, 2/19/11)

2011        Feb 19, In eastern Afghanistan gunmen and suicide bombers dressed as border police killed 38 people and wounded more than 70 in an attack on a bank in Jalalabad. Seven insurgents had attacked the bank, three of them detonating explosive vests inside the building. On June 20 two men were hanged in Kabul's Pule Charkhi prison for their part in the attack.
    (Reuters, 2/19/11)(AP, 2/20/11)(AFP, 2/20/11)(AFP, 6/20/11)
2011        Feb 19, An Australian soldier and an Afghan interpreter were shot dead by insurgents in Uruzgan province, bringing Australia's death toll from the conflict to 23.
    (AP, 2/19/11)

2011        Feb 20, Afghan provincial Governor Fazlullah Wahidi said 64 civilians, including women and children, were killed in 4 days of operations by NATO and Afghan forces in eastern Kunar province. NATO said 36 armed insurgents were killed. Coalition forces fired at three insurgents planting a roadside mine near a NATO base in Nangarhar province. One weapon missed the target, hit a house and killed a couple and their four children.
    (Reuters, 2/20/11)(AP, 2/21/11)

2011        Feb 21, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber blew himself up at the entrance to a government office in Kunduz province, killing at least 30 people, many who were waiting in line to obtain government identification cards. A NATO service member was killed in a roadside bombing in the south.
    (AP, 2/21/11)

2011        Feb 24, In Afghanistan a suicide car bomb attack killed an intelligence agent and wounded 26 other people in Spin Boldak, a town on the Pakistan border.
    (AFP, 2/24/11)

2011        Feb 26, In northwest Afghanistan amid screams of "Suicide bomber! Suicide bomber!" an insurgent detonated his vest of explosives, killing at least four people at a sports field. A roadside bomb killed nine people near the eastern city of Khost.
    (AP, 2/26/11)

2011        Feb 27, Afghanistan's government said that its investigations have found NATO killed 65 civilians, many of them children, during recent operations in a remote northeastern militant stronghold. The parliament elected Abdul Rahoof Ibrahimi, a former Uzbek warlord, as speaker, ending a month of squabbling over the position that has further undermined the credibility of an assembly tainted by electoral fraud.
    (AFP, 2/27/11)(Reuters, 2/27/11)

2011        Feb 28, In Afghanistan 4 NATO service members, including a 37-year-old Italian lieutenant, were killed by roadside bombs and an insurgent attack. 8 Afghan policemen left their checkpoint  in Helmand province and never returned. The bodies of 4 of the policemen were found the next day. A bombing in the east killed two coalition troops.
    (AP, 2/28/11)(AP, 3/1/11)

2011        Mar 1, In Afghanistan an insurgent attack killed a NATO service member in the south.  Residents in Ghazni burned blankets, clothing and other items that they said coalition troops had distributed in the city a day earlier. 9 young children died in a NATO strike as they collected firewood in Darah-Ye Pech district of northeastern Kunar province. The incident happened after an insurgent rocket attack on a military base prompted coalition forces to return fire.
    (AP, 3/1/11)(AP, 3/2/11)

2011        Mar 4, In southern Afghanistan a bombing killed a NATO service member.
    (AP, 3/5/11)

2011        Mar 5, In Afghan Staff Sgt. Mark Wells (31), a US army explosives technician from San Jose, Ca., was killed in Helmand province when he stepped on a hidden bomb.
    (SFC, 3/8/11, p.C3)

2011        Mar 6, Afghan President Hamid Karzai told General David Petraeus, the commander of U.S. and NATO forces in Afghanistan, his apology for a foreign air strike that killed nine children on March 1 was "not enough." 12 civilians, including 5 children, were killed when their vehicle was hit by a roadside bomb in southeastern Paktika province.
    (Reuters, 3/6/11)

2011        Mar 7, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb in Jalalabad killed two policemen and wounded another 25 people.
    (AP, 3/7/11)

2011        Mar 10, Afghan President Hamid Karzai’s brother said a relative was killed overnight by international forces. ISAF had initially issued a statement saying that the man killed in the operation was the father of a Taliban leader who was responsible for distributing car bombs to insurgents in Kandahar city and coordinating weapons supplies from outside Afghanistan. US Army Staff Sgt. Eric Trueblood (27) was killed by an IED in Kandahar province.
    (AFP, 3/10/11)(SFC, 3/12/11, p.C2)

2011        Mar 11, NATO defense ministers in Brussels endorsed a list of the first cities and provinces where Afghan police and soldiers will take control of security, a key element in the West's exit strategy from the decade-old war.
    (AP, 3/11/11)

2011        Mar 13, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed four Afghan civilians in a car in Kandahar province's Shorabak district. Two NATO service members were killed this weekend. One died in an insurgent attack in the east and another in a bomb attack in the south.
    (AP, 3/13/11)(SFC, 3/14/11, p.A2)

2011        Mar 14, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber posing as an army volunteer struck an Afghan army recruitment center in the northern province of Kunduz, killing 35 volunteers. A civilian car struck a roadside bomb in Zabul province's Mazana district, setting off an explosion that killed all three men inside. A bomb blast killed three Afghan civilians in Nangarhar province's Sorkh Rod district. Two brothers, aged 11 and 17, were killed by a NATO strike while tending fields on their family farm in Kunar's Chawkay district.
    (AP, 3/14/11)(AP, 3/15/11)(AP, 3/16/11)

2011        Mar 15, The Afghan interior ministry announced that seven private security companies are being dissolved. "Based on our commitment to transparency and the rule of law, the private security companies have been informed that they have been dissolved because of their connection to officials of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan." The government ordered all private security companies to disband by March 21 next year. Two bombings killed a local legislator in Laghman province and a school principal in Nangarhar province. A NATO service member was killed in an insurgent attack in eastern Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 3/15/11)(AP, 3/16/11)

2011        Mar 17, In northern Afghanistan gunmen on motorcycles kidnapped six road engineers and their driver as they were traveling to a work site.
    (AP, 3/18/11)

2011        Mar 22, Afghan Pres. Karzai said that his nation's security forces will take over from the US-led coalition in seven parts of the country, a first step toward his goal of having Afghan police and soldiers in charge by the end of 2014 so foreign combat troops can go home.
    (AP, 3/22/11)

2011        Mar 23, In Afghanistan a NATO helicopter gunship inadvertently killed two civilians while attacking suspected insurgents in the eastern province of Khost. 2 British soldiers were killed by a roadside bomb in Helmand province.
    (AP, 3/24/11)

2011        Mar 26, Afghan President Hamid Karzai left on a visit to Tehran, where he will meet his Iranian counterpart following a row over fuel imports and attend a ceremony to mark the Persian new year. 3 militants and 4 civilians died when two cars they were traveling in were hit by NATO fire in Helmand province. 3 lower ranking Taliban fighters were killed in one vehicle and 4 civilians were killed in a second vehicle. Taliban militants kidnapped some 40 policemen after being tipped off that they would be traveling in Kunar province.
    (AFP, 3/26/11)(AP, 3/27/11)(SFC, 3/28/11, p.A2)(AP, 3/30/11)

2011        Mar 27, In southern Afghanistan a NATO service member was killed in a roadside bombing. A team of suicide bombers shot their way into the compound of a road construction company in eastern Afghanistan and detonated a truck loaded with explosives, killing at least 24 people and wounding 56 others in Paktika province.
    (AP, 3/27/11)(AP, 3/28/11)(SFC, 3/29/11, p.A2)

2011        Mar 28, In Afghanistan former transport minister Inayatullah Qasimi was arrested on charges of corruption. He was released 3 days later, but faced trial for misuse of public funds and abuse of authority. Qasimi was accused of corruption and abuse of power while in office between 2004 and 2005.
    (AFP, 3/31/11)

2011        Mar 29, In northeast Afghanistan about 300 Taliban fighters overran the tiny capital of a remote mountainous district, forcing police to retreat from their small outpost in the Waygal district of Nuristan province. The Taliban said 12 police officers and their weaponry were captured. Police chief Shamsul Rahman denied that any of his men were captured. 6 NATO troops were killed in three separate incidents during an operation in Kunar province.
    (AP, 3/29/11)(AP, 3/30/11)

2011        Mar 31, In Afghanistan NATO soldiers killed two civilians after opening fire on a car which the force said had tried to attack a patrol in Kandahar city. A local official said an ISAF soldier opened fire after a civilian car hit one of their vehicles in a traffic accident.
    (AFP, 3/31/11)
2011        Mar 31, Indonesia arrested 43 Afghans who were trying to reach Australia illegally.
    (AP, 3/31/11)

2011        Apr 1, In Afghanistan 7 foreigners including 4 Nepalese guards were killed after demonstrators protesting a reported burning of the Muslim holy book stormed a UN office in Mazar-e-Sharif, opening fire on guards and setting fires inside the compound. Those killed included Nepalese guards who were working for the UN and other foreigners employed at the complex, as well as Joakim Dungel (33), a Swede who worked on human rights; Lt. Col. Siri Skare (53), a female pilot from Norway who was an adviser; and Filaret Motco (43), a Romanian who worked in the political section of the UN Five Afghan protesters were also killed and others wounded.
    (AP, 4/1/11)(Reuters, 4/2/11)(SFC, 4/2/11, p.A4)(AP, 4/3/11)

2011        Apr 2, In Afghanistan at least 10 people were killed and 83 wounded in Kandahar city, on a 2nd day of violent protests over the burning of a Koran by a radical fundamentalist Christian in the US. A suicide attack also hit a NATO military base in the capital Kabul. The attacks were sparked by the actions of Christian preacher Terry Jones who supervised the burning of the Koran in front of about 50 people at a church in Florida on March 20.
    (Reuters, 4/2/11)

2011        Apr 3, In Afghanistan demonstrators battled police in Kandahar city, where an officer was shot dead. Demonstrators also took to the streets of Jalalabad for the first time as Western pleas failed to halt a third day of rage over a Florida pastor's burning of the Quran. A NATO service member was killed in an insurgent attack in the east.
    (AP, 4/3/11)(AP, 4/4/11)
2011        Apr 3, In Afghanistan Lance Cpl. Harry Lew shot himself following hazing by fellow Marines. 3 Marines were later accused of hazing Lew. In 2012 lance Cpl. Jacob Jacoby was sentenced to 30 days in jail and reduction in rank. Two others faced trial.
    (SFC, 2/2/12, p.A6)

2011        Apr 4, In northern Afghanistan two American trainers were killed by a person with a police uniform in Maymana, the capital of Faryab province. A night raid by NATO-led forces in the northern province of Sar-e-Pul targeted a Taliban provincial shadow governor. Local officials said 6 civilians were killed.
    (AP, 4/4/11)(SFC, 4/6/11, p.A5)

2011        Apr 5, In eastern Afghanistan NATO forces killed seven insurgents who tried to storm their way onto a base in Jalalabad.
    (AP, 4/6/11)

2011        Apr 7, Six Afghan security personnel were killed as Taliban gunmen detonated a bomb hidden in an ambulance at a police centre near the key southern city of Kandahar. 3 insurgents were also killed. Demonstrations against the burning of a copy of the Koran by an American pastor entered a seventh day when several hundred people gathered for a peaceful protest outside a Kabul mosque. A roadside bomb killed a coalition service member in the south.
    (AP, 4/7/11)(AP, 4/8/11)

2011        Apr 8, In northern Afghanistan insurgents gunned down Daud Esiq Zai, police chief of the Ghosfandi district in Sari Pul province, where the Taliban has intensified attacks, especially against those aligned with the government.
    (AP, 4/8/11)

2011        Apr 10, In western Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed three tribal elders, possibly in retaliation for their cooperation with the government. A NATO service member was killed in an attack in the north of the country. Kareem Daad, a district-level Taliban commander, was captured in an overnight raid in southern Uruzgan province.
    (AP, 4/10/11)

2011        Apr 11, Afghanistan's Pres. Karzai strongly rebuked his international backers, saying Western financial advisers may be tried for contributing to the country's banking crisis and he would now dictate the terms of any future US presence. Ghulam Dastageer, a district council member in Helmand province, was killed by insurgents while he was praying in a mosque.
    (AP, 4/11/11)(AP, 4/12/11)
2011        Apr 11, Turkey said it is willing to consider the idea of hosting a political office for Taliban militants from Afghanistan in order to promote talks to end the war there, and an Afghan official said Turkish planning is already in progress.
    (AP, 4/11/11)

2011        Apr 12, In eastern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed five road construction workers who were in a car driving near the Pakistani border. A roadside bomb killed two Afghan police officers as they were destroying opium poppies in Kandahar province. 3 children died from an insurgent grenade tossed during a NATO operation in northern Faryab province.
    (AP, 4/12/11)

2011        Apr 13, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber killed 10 people in an attack on peace talks between tribal elders in eastern Kunar province. Former mujahideen commander Mohammad Zarin died along with nine others. Abu Hafs al-Najdi, described as an "Al-Qaeda senior leader," was killed in an air strike in Kunar province. NATO made the announcement on April 26. The Saudi man was also known as Abdul Ghani.
    (Reuters, 4/13/11)(AFP, 4/26/11)

2011        Apr 14, In Afghanistan 3 policemen were killed when 3 Taliban suicide bombers struck a police training centre in Paktia province. A second suicide attacker was gunned down before blowing up himself. The third attacker escaped. Two other suicide attacks in Kabul and Kandahar city left 7 people wounded.
    (AFP, 4/14/11)

2011        Apr 15, In Afghanistan Khan Mohammad Mujahid, the police chief in Kandahar city, was killed by a Taliban suicide bomber along with two of his bodyguards.
    (AP, 4/15/11)

2011        Apr 16, Afghan President Hamid Karzai and visiting Pakistani PM Yusuf Raza Gilani agreed to boost joint peace efforts with Taliban insurgents. In eastern Laghman province a suicide bomber wearing an Afghan army uniform blew himself up inside a military base, killing five NATO soldiers and four Afghan soldiers. Two bomb blasts in the south killed three soldiers.
    (AFP, 4/16/11)(AP, 4/16/11)(AP, 4/17/11)

2011        Apr 18, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber killed two soldiers in the Defense Ministry in Kabul in the third attack on security installations in four days. The attacker was shot dead before he set off his explosives. Afghan and Iranian officials said armed assailants have kidnapped 12 Iranians and 2 Afghans building a road in western Farah province. 3 of the men were released April 19 and the rest on April 20 with the help of local tribal elders.
    (Reuters, 4/18/11)(AP, 4/19/11)(AP, 4/20/11)

2011        Apr 19, In Afghanistan 17 insurgents, including foreign fighters, were killed in Kunar province by Afghan and coalition forces searching for a senior leader of the al-Qaida network.
    (AP, 4/21/11)

2011        Apr 20, In Afghanistan a French soldier was killed and nine others were wounded when their armored vehicle struck a road side bomb in Kapisa province. A Haqqani operator was captured in Tere Zayi district of Khost province, which borders Pakistan. Several suspected insurgents were detained in the provincial capital of Khost. Coalition and Afghan troops took the leader of the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU) and two of his associates into custody in Khan Abad district of Kunduz province.
    (AP, 4/21/11)(AP, 4/22/11)
2011        Apr 20, The Afghan government said the scandal-plagued Kabul Bank would be split in two, one good bank and one filled with bad loans, as part of a drastic overhaul to save it from failure.
    (SFC, 4/21/11, p.A5)

2011        Apr 21, In Afghanistan a bomb blast killed three Afghan policemen on a bus in Nangarhar province. The nephew of a militant network run by Gulbuddin Hekmatyar was killed in fighting in Wardak province. In Khost province 3 Afghan men, who were part of a civilian police force guarding a road construction project, were killed by coalition forces in Spera district.
    (AP, 4/21/11)(AP, 4/22/11)

2011        Apr 22, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed five Afghan border policemen. An insurgent attack left one NATO service member dead in the east. Afghan forces killed eight insurgents in a gunbattle in the Pech Valley area of eastern Kunar province. A suicide attacker on foot detonated a vest packed with explosives at the entrance to a building used by education officials in Jayi Maydan district of Khost province. The bomber died in the attack and four people were wounded.
    (AP, 4/22/11)(AP, 4/23/11)

2011        Apr 23, In eastern Afghanistan insurgents shot down a NATO helicopter in the Alasay district of Kapisa province where fighting has intensified. The only two crew members were recovered alive. One foreign service member was killed. Militants ambushed an Afghan police vehicle, killing 2 policemen and wounding 2 others in Dara Nur district of Nangarhar province. A roadside bomb killed 2 NATO service members. A gunman shot dead Abdul Zahir, deputy of the Helmand provincial peace council.
    (AP, 4/23/11)(AP, 4/24/11)

2011        Apr 24, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed a NATO service members. NATO confirmed that Afghan and coalition forces have killed three leaders of the Haqqani network, including Salih Khan, a senior Haqqani leader in Nadir Shah Kot district.
    (AP, 4/24/11)

2011        Apr 25, In southern Afghanistan some 488 Taliban fighters and commanders escaped overnight from a prison in Kandahar in an audacious jailbreak which the government admitted was a security "disaster." The Taliban later said 541 prisoners escaped including 106 military commanders.
    (AFP, 4/25/11)(SFC, 4/29/11, p.A5)

2011        Apr 26, The Afghan government said its forces have recaptured at least 65 of the prisoners who escaped from Kandahar’s largest prison, as it scrambled to recover from the massive security breach that allowed 480 inmates to be spirited out in a stunning jailbreak.
    (AP, 4/26/11)

2011        Apr 27, In Afghanistan 8 American troops and a US contractor died after Afghan military pilot Ahmad Gul (48) opened fire during a meeting at Kabul airport.
    (AP, 4/27/11)

2011        Apr 28, Afghan authorities said 74 escapees had been recaptured and 2 more killed following the April 25 prison break.
    (SFC, 4/29/11, p.A5)

2011        Apr 30, The Afghan Taliban announced the beginning of their spring military offensive against the US-led coalition.
    (AP, 4/30/11)

2011        May 1, Militants in Afghanistan killed at least 11 people in bombing and shooting attacks, the first day of the its announced spring offensive. In Kandahar, policemen receiving NATO-donated supplies including caps and protective eyewear drew guns and fought over the items, leaving one policeman dead and four wounded. President Hamid Karzai accused the Taliban of using a 12-year-old as a suicide bomber and sending him to carry out an attack that killed a local council member.
    (AP, 5/1/11)(Reuters, 5/1/11)

2011        May 3, Afghan security forces killed and wounded 25 foreign fighters overnight after they crossed the border to Nuristan province from Pakistan.
    (AP, 5/3/11)

2011        May 5, In Afghanistan some 2,000 protesters gathered to criticize President Hamid Karzai's willingness to start peace talks with the Taliban. A roadside bomb killed a NATO service member in southern Afghanistan. In Baghlan province a torrential downpour flooded several districts, killing nine people.
    (AP, 5/5/11)(AP, 5/6/11)

2011        May 6, Afghan police killed 10 militants in a gun battle in eastern Paktika province.
    (AP, 5/6/11)

2011        May 7, In Afghanistan the Taliban unleashed a wave of attacks on government targets in Kandahar city. At least 10 blasts, including seven suicide attacks, rocked the city as assaults spread to other sites including police stations and the office of the National Directorate of Security (NDS). Afghan intelligence service paraded five alleged suicide bombers from Pakistan, all boys in adolescence or even younger, before reporters, photographers and cameramen at a news conference in an effort to turn public opinion against the Taliban.
    (AFP, 5/7/11)(AFP, 5/8/11)(AP, 5/15/11)

2011        May 8, In Afghanistan gunfire rang out through Kandahar after government troops fought running battles with Taliban fighters, the second day of fighting since scores of insurgents launched waves of attacks on key government and police targets. The fighting left 23 attackers killed as well as two members of the security forces. Nearly all the insurgents killed so far had escaped late last month from Kandahar city's main Sarposa prison. NATO said it had seized more than six tons of hashish during an operations against insurgents in Kandahar province's Panjwai and Zhari district.
    (Reuters, 5/8/11)(AP, 5/8/11)

2011        May 9, In southern Afghanistan 2 NATO service members were killed by roadside bombs.
    (AP, 5/10/11)

2011        May 10, In Afghanistan hundreds of insurgents launched a large-scale attack against Afghan police in remote Nuristan province, a part of the country that is largely under Taliban control. A NATO service member was killed by a roadside bomb. In southern Zabul province NATO and Afghan forces killed 10 militants. In eastern Paktika, the provincial governor's office said six insurgents were killed and another eight captured in Afghan police operation.
    (AP, 5/10/11)(AP, 5/11/11)

2011        May 11, Afghan police engaged in fierce battles with about 100 Taliban fighters on motorcycles who had attacked Abduraman village in northern Jawzjan province. In an overnight firefight that raged intensely for two hours, 17 insurgents and one villager were killed.
    (AP, 5/11/11)

2011        May 12, Indian PM Manmohan Singh offered Afghanistan $500 million in fresh aid, during his first visit to the war-torn country since 2005.
    (AFP, 5/12/11)

2011        May 13, In Afghanistan two NATO service members were killed in Helmand province by an Afghan policeman, who was wounded and hospitalized. Another NATO service member was killed by a roadside bomb in southern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 5/13/11)(SFC, 5/14/11, p.A2)

2011        May 15, In southern Afghanistan a British marine was killed in a blast while searching a compound in the Nad-e Ali district of Helmand Province.
    (AFP, 5/15/11)

2011        May 16, In southern Afghanistan 4 NATO service members were killed in an explosion.
    (AP, 5/16/11)

2011        May 17, In eastern Afghanistan NATO and Afghan overnight joint operations killed at least 12 insurgents in Paktika province. Another four insurgents were killed today in a raid in Mata Khan district. A NATO raid late in the day killed two men and two women who were inside a home in an area known as Gawmal, Takhar province.
    (AP, 5/17/11)(AP, 5/18/11)

2011        May 18, In Afghanistan hundreds of protesters, angered by an overnight NATO raid that they believed killed four civilians, clashed with security forces on the streets of Taloqan, Takhar province. At least 12 people died in the fighting. A suicide bomber crashed a car into a police bus, killing 14 people and wounding 16 in Nangarhar province. In the south a NATO service member died in an insurgent attack.
    (AP, 5/18/11)(AP, 5/19/11)(SFC, 5/20/11, p.A2)

2011        May 19, In Afghanistan insurgents firing heavy machine guns, rocket-propelled grenades and assault rifles killed 35 workers and guards in an attack on a NATO-funded road construction site in a remote area of Paktia province.
    (AP, 5/20/11)

2011        May 21, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber killed at least 6 medical students and wounded 23 more at a military hospital in a heavily-guarded area of Kabul. 3 Afghan policemen were killed and 3 wounded when their vehicle was struck by a roadside bomb in the western province of Herat. A border police officer was killed when his vehicle was struck by a roadside bomb in the Spin Boldak district of Kandahar.
    (AFP, 5/21/11)(AP, 5/22/11)

2011        May 22, In Afghanistan 6 members of the Afghan security forces died when the Taliban stormed a traffic police office in Khost city and two suicide bombers detonated themselves, triggering a nine-hour stand-off. Two female civilians died and five others including four women were wounded in the southern province of Zabul when the tractor they were travelling in hit a roadside mine.
    (AFP, 5/22/11)

2011        May 23, In southern Afghanistan a NATO service member died in an explosion. NATO forces in southern Helmand province conducting a search shot and killed an Afghan who they said acted hostile and raised an object toward troops. The object was a flashlight. An unnamed intelligence source said Taliban leader Muhammad Omar was shot dead 2 days earlier as he moved from Quetta, Pakistan, to North Waziristan. There was no confirmation.
    (AP, 5/24/11)(SFC, 5/24/11, p.A3)

2011        May 24, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed 10 workers, and NATO again promised that the coalition would not abandon the country even if some members plan to withdraw their forces. The Taliban shot dead the principal of a boys' only high school in Logar province. A NATO service member died in a bomb attack in southern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 5/24/11)(AP, 5/25/11)

2011        May 25, In Afghanistan airborne NATO and Afghan soldiers expelled Taliban fighters from a government building they occupied in Do Ab, Nuristan province, and forced them to flee to surrounding mountains. At least 10 Taliban fighters were killed. Provincial officials later said over 20 police officers dressed in civilian clothes were killed. A NATO service member died in a bomb attack in northern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 5/25/11)(SFC, 5/30/11, p.A3)

2011        May 26, In eastern Afghanistan a NATO helicopter crash killed one service member. 8 US troops were killed while on foot patrol in southern Afghanistan. They were hit by two consecutive blasts, with one explosion going off as troops rushed to aid those wounded from the first blast. 2 Afghan policemen were also killed in the blasts in Kandahar province.
    (AP, 5/26/11)(AP, 5/27/11)(SFC, 5/27/11, p.A2)

2011        May 27, In southern Afghanistan a NATO service member was killed in an insurgent attack.
    (AP, 5/27/11)

2011        May 28, Afghan President Hamid Karzai traveled to neighboring Turkmenistan on a trip aimed at drumming up regional support for his struggling nation's economic future.
    (AP, 5/28/11)
2011        May 28, In Afghanistan the top German commander was wounded when a suicide bomber attacked a provincial governor's compound in the north of the country. Mohammed Daoud Daoud, the police chief of northern Afghanistan, the provincial police chief of Takhar  and 3 German soldiers were among 7 people killed in the suicide bombing at the Takhar governor's office. US Marines called in air support after their base in Nawzad district came under attack from small arms fire. The provincial administration said two civilian houses were targeted which killed 14 civilians. The dead included 5 girls, 7 boys and 2 women.
    (AP, 5/28/11)(AFP, 5/29/11)(AP, 5/29/11)

2011        May 29,  In eastern Afghanistan 3 American troops were killed in a bomb attack.
    (AP, 6/1/11)

2011        May 30, In western Afghanistan Taliban insurgents led by suicide bombers attacked an Italian military base and set off another explosion that left dozens wounded. 4 insurgents died. An Afghan policeman and four civilians were killed in the explosions in Herat. 4 NATO soldiers were killed in other parts of the country. NATO officials apologized for an airstrike on May 28 that inadvertently killed women and children, saying that they thought that only insurgents were inside the targeted compound when they ordered the strike. An Afghan soldier shot dead his Australian mentor in Uruzgan province. A night raid carried out by Afghan forces under NATO direction in the northern province of Balkh resulted in the arrest of a man believed to have taken part in the May 28 attack that killed two Afghan police officials and wounded a German general.
    (Reuters, 5/30/11)(AP, 5/30/11)(AP, 5/31/11)(AP, 6/1/11)

2011        May 31, Afghan President Hamid Karzai said he will no longer allow NATO airstrikes on houses, issuing his strongest statement yet against strikes that the military alliance says are key to its war on Taliban insurgents. A NATO spokeswoman said attacks on houses in Afghanistan are necessary and will continue in cooperation with Afghan security forces. A NATO service member was killed in an insurgent attack in eastern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 5/31/11)(AP, 6/1/11)

2011        Jun 1, In eastern Afghanistan a NATO service member was killed in an insurgent attack.
    (AP, 6/1/11)
2011        Jun 1, India pledged to help strengthen the capabilities of Afghanistan's security forces after a meeting between the defense ministers of both countries in New Delhi.
    (AFP, 6/1/11)

2011        Jun 2, In Afghanistan a German soldier died and five were wounded when their tank was hit by a roadside bomb in Baghlan province.
    (AP, 6/2/11)

2011        Jun 3, In southern Afghanistan two coalition service members were killed in separate insurgent attacks. An Italian paramilitary Carabinieri was killed in northeastern Panjsher province. Lt. Col. Cristiano Congiu, a member of the anti-drug and security squad at the Italian embassy, was involved in an altercation on a narrow village street. He allegedly fired his pistol and wounded a youth, aged 18 or 19. Villagers then fired their own weapons and killed Congiu.
    (AP, 6/4/11)

2011        Jun 4, In eastern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed four NATO service members. In the east a female suicide bomber detonated her explosives near a coalition convoy, wounding three Afghan guards in Kunar province. In Nangahar province at least two Taliban gunmen shot to death a local counterterrorism official in the Khogyani district.
    (AP, 6/4/11)(AP, 6/5/11)

2011        Jun 5, In eastern Afghanistan a coalition helicopter crashed, killing two on board in Khost province. In the south an insurgent attack killed a NATO service member. A bomb killed two Afghan security guards near the entrance of a Kabul Bank branch in the Maidan Shahr district of Wardak province.
    (AP, 6/5/11)

2011        Jun 7, In Afghanistan the decapitated remains of Jawad Zehak, a Bamiyan provincial politician, were recovered.
    (SFC, 6/8/11, p.A5)

2011        Jun 9, The Afghan government said gunmen have killed 9 people in a nighttime attack on a wedding party in Nangarhar province.
    (SFC, 6/9/11, p.A2)

2011            Jun 11, In Afghanistan at least 21 people were killed across the country. A report from the UN Mission to Afghanistan noted that the month of May was especially deadly for Afghan civilians. 368 deaths were reported and 593 civilians were wounded.
            (AP, 6/11/11)(SSFC, 6/19/11, p.A5)

2011        Jun 15, In Afghanistan an insurgent shell struck a new $106-million police training center during inauguration ceremonies in Wardak province.
    (SFC, 6/16/11, p.A2)

2011        Jun 16, More than 200 militants crossed into Pakistan from Afghanistan and attacked a border village with rockets, mortars and machine guns, killing five people and kidnapping more than 20. A bomb attack in southern Afghanistan killed a NATO coalition service member.
    (AP, 6/16/11)(AP, 6/17/11)

2011        Jun 17, A rocket fired during fighting in Pakistan's tribal region landed in eastern Afghanistan, killing four children in an area where militants launch attacks on US-led forces.
    (AP, 6/17/11)

2011        Jun 18, In Afghanistan insurgents targeted a police station in a suicide attack in Kabul, killing nine people, including five civilians, before they were eventually gunned down. 8 NATO service members were killed. Four died in fighting in the south and east, while another four died in a vehicle accident in the south.
    (AP, 6/19/11)

2011        Jun 19, In northern Afghanistan a suicide attacker blew up his explosives-laden car next to a German military convoy, killing three Afghan civilians. An Afghan soldier who shot dead his Australian mentor last month was killed when he tried to pull his pistol on troops attempting to capture him in Khost province.
    (AP, 6/19/11)(AP, 6/20/11)

2011        Jun 20, In Afghanistan's violent east one of the leaders of the al Qaeda-linked Haqqani network said they will target courts and judges after the execution of two fighters convicted over the brutal Feb 19 bank raid in Kabul.
    (Reuters, 6/20/11)

2011        Jun 22, President Barack Obama mapped a course for drawing down the nearly 10-year war in Afghanistan and set a target of bringing home 33,000 troops by next summer.
    (AP, 6/22/11)(AP, 6/23/11)

2011        Jun 23, A special Afghan tribunal overturned nearly 25 percent of last year's legislative election results, alleging massive fraud and putting into question who will control the parliament, one of the few checks on President Hamid Karzai. The Afghan government said that ten Pakistani artillery shells landed in Sarkano district of Kunar province, killing four children.
    (AP, 6/23/11)(Reuters, 6/24/11)
2011        Jun 23, France said it will pull its 4,000 troops out of Afghanistan on the same staggered timetable as the US withdrawal, helping pave the way for drawdowns by other allies.
    (AP, 6/23/11)

2011        Jun 24, In northern Afghanistan a bicycle rigged with explosives ripped through a bazaar in the Khanabad district of Kunduz province killing at least 10 people.
    (AP, 6/25/11)
2011        Jun 24, In Iran Pakistani president Asif Ali Zardari and his Afghan counterpart Hamid Karzai held a three-way summit with Iran ahead of attending an anti-terrorism conference.
    (AFP, 6/24/11)

2011        Jun 25, Afghanistan's political crisis worsened with lawmakers voting to sack the five most senior judicial officials and international consternation growing after a presidential tribunal threw out a quarter of parliament. In the east a suicide bomber blew up a sport utility vehicle outside a small clinic in Logar province, bringing the building down on those inside. At least 38 people were reported killed and 50 wounded.
    (AFP, 6/25/11)(AFP, 6/26/11)
2011        Jun 25, In Iran Pakistani Pres. Asif Ali Zardari and his Afghan counterpart Hamid Karzai attended an international anti-terrorism conference alongside Sudan's Pres. Omar al-Bashir, Iraqi Pres. Jalal Talabani and Tajik Pres. Emomali Rahmon. The presidents of Afghanistan, Iran and Pakistan agreed to join forces in combating militancy.
    (AP, 6/25/11)(AFP, 6/25/11)

2011        Jun 26, Afghan President Hamid Karzai accused Pakistan of firing 470 rockets into two of its eastern border provinces in a three-week barrage. Security forces said that 36 people have died in the barrages, which hit civilians in areas where NATO forces have withdrawn. Two Spanish soldiers were killed, and another three were injured, when their armored vehicle hit an improvised explosive device.
    (AP, 6/26/11)(AFP, 6/26/11)

2011        Jun 27, In northern Afghanistan a senior leader of a leader of the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan was captured in Kunduz city dressed up like a woman. Two associates were also captured.
    (AP, 6/28/11)

2011        Jun 28, Afghan President Hamid Karzai's government dismissed the claims made by Abdul Qadir Fitrat, chairman of Da Afghanistan Bank, insisting his life was not under threat and calling him a "runaway governor". The central bank governor has resigned and fled to the United States, saying his life is in danger over a corruption probe targeting influential figures connected to the government, and that the Karzai government was refusing to prosecute those allegedly involved in fraudulent loans.
    (AFP, 6/28/11)(SFC, 6/28/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 28, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed two women and injured a child who were walking in Panjwai district of Kandahar province. A NATO service member was killed in an insurgent attack. Heavily armed Taliban militants stormed a top Kabul hotel, sparking a ferocious battle involving Afghan commandos and a NATO helicopter gunship that left 20 people dead including nine attackers. The hotel was hosting delegates attending an Afghan security conference and a large wedding party when the insurgents struck late in the day.
    (AP, 6/28/11)(AFP, 6/29/11)(AP, 6/30/11)

2011        Jun 29, In Afghanistan Ismail Jan, the deputy to the senior Haqqani commander inside Afghanistan, and other Haqqani fighters died in the airstrike in Gardez. He was suspected of having provided assistance, including weapons, fighters and training, to the gunmen who attacked the Inter-Continental hotel a day earlier.
    (AP, 6/30/11)
2011        Jun 29, Afghan authorities arrested two former executives of Kabul Bank in connection with a scandal at the troubled country's biggest private lender. Sherkhan Farnood and Khalilullah Ferozi, the bank's former chairman and chief executive, had initially been held under a loose form of house arrest in Kabul but had now been taken into detention.
    (AP, 7/1/11)
2011        Jun 29, France-3 television said that their reporters Stephane Taponier and Herve Ghesquiere, held hostage in Afghanistan since December 2009, have been freed.
    (AP, 6/29/11)

2011        Jun 30, In southern Afghanistan roadside bombs killed two NATO service members in separate attacks. A man, woman and four children were killed when the car in which they were riding hit a roadside bomb in Marjah district, Helmand province. Militants captured two de-mining workers and seized five of their vehicles in Gardez.
    (AP, 6/30/11)

2011        Jun, Afghan President Hamid Karzai confirmed published accounts about US talks with the Taliban via Tayyab Aga, a personal emissary of Taliban leader Mullah Mohammed Omar. He did not publicly detail the content, format or participants. The first contact was held in late 2010 followed by at least two other meetings in early spring of this year. The sessions were held in Germany and Qatar.
    (AP, 8/29/11)

2011        Jul 1, In Afghanistan two civilians riding a donkey were killed when the animal stepped on a bomb in Kandahar’s Maruf district. When villagers came to recover the bodies, another roadside bomb went off and killed two more civilians. A NATO coalition service member was killed in a roadside bombing in the south.
    (AP, 7/2/11)

2011        Jul 2, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed 13 people when an explosion ripped through the van they were traveling in. Two gunmen on a motorcycle killed Wakil Mohammad Khan, a member of the local council in Nahri Sarraj district of Helmand province. Italian coalition service member was killed in a roadside bombing in the west. In Kabul, about 500 demonstrators chanted "Death to the Pakistan military!" and "Long live Afghanistan!" as they protested against rocket attacks that have killed at least 36 civilians in recent weeks.
    (AP, 7/2/11)

2011        Jul 3, In north Afghanistan a suspected militant on a motorbike threw a hand grenade at the gates of a school in Maimana, Faryab province, injuring 17 children. Police arrested the gunman.
    (AFP, 7/3/11)

2011        Jul 4, In Afghanistan the Taliban said that British soldier Scott McLaren (21), who was reported missing, was captured by their fighters and then died in the crossfire during a battle with NATO troops in the Babaji area of Helmand province. The top Afghan commander said McLaren was found dead in a stream that ran through his military base, after apparently drowning, and his body was later shot by insurgents. A NATO service member was killed in a bomb attack in the east.
    (AP, 7/4/11)(AFP, 7/6/11)
2011        Jul 4, Around 60 Afghan militants attacked a Pakistani paramilitary checkpoint in a cross-border raid, killing one soldier and sparking a gunbattle that lasted for more than two hours. Militants used mortar and rocket fire to cover their advance into the Bajur tribal area.
    (AP, 7/4/11)

2011        Jul 5, In Afghanistan civilians were killed during a fight between insurgents and an Afghan-led security force, which was searching for a leader of the Haqqani network. 13 people — including the Haqqani leader. Provincial authorities in southern Ghazni province said two civilians were killed and one other injured in a military incident.
    (AP, 7/7/11)(AFP, 7/7/11)

2011        Jul 6, In Afghanistan an Azerbaijani cargo plane carrying supplies for the Afghan NATO mission crashed into treacherous mountains killing all nine crew on board outside Kabul. The nine crew were from Azerbaijan and Uzbekistan. The plane was operated by private Azerbaijani airline Silk Way.
    (AFP, 7/6/11)
2011        Jul 6, Six Afghan policemen and a civilian were killed when their car drove over a landmine in the southern province of Uruzgan. Taliban fighters attacked several border police checkpoints killing nearly 2 dozen officers in Nuristan province. A NATO patrol came under fire in Khost province and an air strike was called in. 3 women and 6 children were killed along with 4 insurgents. NATO acknowledged that civilians were killed.
    (AFP, 7/7/11)(SFC, 7/7/11, p.A2)(SFC, 7/8/11, p.A4)
2011        Jul 6, British PM David Cameron confirmed that the UK will withdraw 500 troops from Afghanistan by the end of 2012.
    (AP, 7/6/11)
2011        Jul 6, Pakistani troops backed by attack helicopters clashed with Taliban fighters in Miranshah, North Waziristan. A night of political violence left 24 people dead in Karachi. Hundreds of militants crossed from Afghanistan and attacked several Pakistani border villages, triggering shootouts with local militias that killed at least 5 people.
    (AFP, 7/6/11)(AP, 7/6/11)

2011        Jul 7, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed 8 Afghan policemen on a patrol in the northern district of Fayz Abad. A NATO service member died as a result of a non-battle related injury in the south. In the east a NATO helicopter crashed in Parnwan province, but the crew was recovered. Up to 13 civilians, mostly women and children, were killed in a NATO air strike in the eastern province of Khost.
    (AP, 7/7/11)(AFP, 7/7/11)
2011        Jul 7, Canada formally ended its combat mission in Afghanistan after years of being on the front lines of the fight against Taliban insurgents in the south.
    (AP, 7/7/11)

2011        Jul 9, The Afghan defense ministry said military officials from Pakistan and Afghanistan have agreed to hold more high-level talks to defuse a row over a series of attacks across their porous border. Four Taliban fighters were killed in daylong fighting in Ghazni province. In central Uruzgan province, a raid on insurgents sparked fighting that left 10 militants and three Afghan police officers dead.
    (AFP, 7/9/11)(AP, 7/10/11)

2011        Jul 10, In Afghanistan a spate of attacks across the country killed three NATO service members. Officials said that insurgents have killed six Afghan deminers from a group of 32 that was kidnapped last week in the country's southwest. Mohammad Dawood, the chief of Muqur district in Badghis province, was killed by a roadside bomb while driving to his office. In Kandahar a roadside bomb killed three police officers.
    (AP, 7/10/11)

2011        Jul 12, Ahmad Wali Karzai, the younger half-brother of Afghan President Hamid Karzai and one of the most powerful and controversial men in southern Afghanistan, was shot dead at his home by Sardar Mohammad, a senior and highly trusted bodyguard. A NATO soldier in the south was killed in a bomb attack.
    (AP, 7/12/11)(AFP, 7/13/11)
2011        Jul 12, President Nicolas Sarkozy said that France would withdraw a quarter of its 4,000 troops from Afghanistan by the end of next year.
    (AFP, 7/12/11)

2011        Jul 13, In Afghanistan 5 French soldiers were killed in a suicide bombing in the northeastern province of Kapisa. A NATO soldier in the south was killed in an insurgent attack.
    (AFP, 7/13/11)

2011        Jul 14, Afghan President Hamid Karzai ordered an investigation into provincial government claims that a NATO raid killed six civilians in Khost province. NATO said its troops killed insurgents linked to the Haqqani network during gunfights in the area and that only one civilian was wounded. A demonstration broke out after bodies of the dead were carried through Khost and the provincial council announced it was going on strike in protest over the deaths. A suicide bomber hiding explosives in his turban blew himself up inside a mosque during a memorial service for the slain half brother of President Karzai, killing at least 5 people. A French soldier was killed in a skirmish with insurgents in Kapisa province.
    (AFP, 7/14/11)(AP, 7/14/11)

2011        Jul 15, In western Afghanistan insurgents killed at least six Afghan soldiers in an ambush on an army patrol.
    (AP, 7/16/11)

2011        Jul 16, In southern Afghanistan a man wearing an Afghan army uniform killed a NATO soldier. A British soldier on a routine patrol was shot dead in southern Afghanistan, the 376th British serviceman to die there since 2001.
    (AFP, 7/16/11)(AFP, 7/17/11)

2011        Jul 17, Afghanistan began handing responsibility for security from NATO soldiers to its own troops, igniting a process designed to leave the country free of foreign combat forces by 2014. Afghan and NATO troops killed at least 13 Taliban fighters in Nangarhar province after an overnight gunbattle ended with an airstrike on a building occupied by the insurgents. Gunmen wearing suicide vests attacked the home of Jan Mohammed Khan, an adviser to President Karzai, killing him and Uruzgan lawmaker Mohammed Ashim Watanwal. One attacker was killed and the other blew himself up.
    (AFP, 7/17/11)(AP, 7/17/11)(AP, 7/18/11)(SFC, 7/18/11, p.A4)

2011        Jul 18, US General David Petraeus, Washington's new intelligence chief, handed over command of US and NATO-led troops in Afghanistan to US Marine Corps General John Allen. A British soldier was killed in an explosion in Helmand province. 7 Afghan policemen manning a checkpoint in Helmand province were fed poisonous food and shot dead. In a separate incident two civilians were kidnapped and killed by insurgents.
    (AP, 7/18/11)(AFP, 7/19/11)(AFP, 7/19/11)

2011        Jul 19, Mortar shells from Afghanistan killed four Pakistani soldiers, the latest cross-border escalation as Afghan Pres. Karzai and his Pakistani counterpart called for peace. NATO handed over responsibility for the security of Mehterlam, the capital of eastern Laghman province, to Afghan forces.
    (AFP, 7/19/11)(AP, 7/19/11)

2011        Jul 20, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber killed four people in Mazar-i-Sharif.
    (AFP, 7/23/11)

2011        Jul 21, Afghan security forces took over responsibility for the city of Herat, the country's western capital. 2 British nationals were reported detained in Herat as part of a counter-terrorism operation to stop a possible attack back home.
    (AFP, 7/21/11)

2011        Jul 22, In Afghanistan the NATO said int’l. and Afghan troops battled heavily armed insurgents holed up in caves and bunkers that served as a way station for foreign fighters crossing into the country from Pakistan. The two days of fighting in Paktika province killed more than 80 militants. An eight-year-old boy kidnapped by insurgents in southern Helmand province was hanged by the militants.
    (AP, 7/22/11)(AP, 7/24/11)(SSFC, 7/24/11, p.A5)

2011        Jul 23, In Afghanistan NATO troops handed control of the northern capital Mazar-i-Sharif to local forces. It was the sixth of seven areas to transition to Afghan control. A NATO helicopter attack wounded 5 children in Helmand province. On July 25 Britain took responsibility for the attack, voicing "deep regret" and saying an investigation was under way.
    (AFP, 7/23/11)(AFP, 7/25/11)

2011        Jul 24, In Afghanistan NATO forces battling insurgents along a highway in Wardak province accidentally killed three civilians who were caught in the crossfire.
    (AP, 7/24/11)

2011        Jul 27, In Afghanistan Kandahar Mayor Ghulam Haidar Hamidi (64), a close ally of Afghan President Hamid Karzai, was assassinated in a suicide attack.
    (AFP, 7/27/11)(Econ, 8/6/11, p.75)

2011        Jul 28, In Afghanistan triple suicide blasts and shootings killed 21 people including a local BBC reporter in an ongoing attack on Uruzgan province. It was the deadliest to hit Afghanistan in more than a month. On September 8 NATO acknowledged that Afghan journalist Ahmed Omed Khpulwak (25) was accidentally killed by an American soldier, who mistook him for a suicide bomber.
    (AFP, 7/28/11)(AP, 7/29/11)(SFC, 9/9/11, p.A2)

2011        Jul 29, In Afghanistan 18 civilians died when a roadside bomb destroyed their minivan in Helmand province. In a separate incident one person was killed and four others wounded when their tractor hit an improvised bomb in the Garmser district of Helmand. 4 policeman were also killed and another wounded in fighting with insurgents overnight in Helmand. Insurgents killed seven Afghan soldiers and a translator alongside two NATO service members in a bombing and ambush in eastern Paktia province. Police acting on tips in Kunar province intercepted six would-be suicide bombers who local residents said were on their way to conduct an attack in the provincial capital of Asadabad.
    (AP, 7/29/11)(AP, 7/30/11)

2011        Jul 30, The Afghan intelligence service said it has arrested army officer Gul Mohammad, a senior Defense Ministry official, who allegedly leaked secrets that helped the Taliban stage suicide attacks in Kabul. The agency also it has arrested Maulvi Rahimullah, a senior Taliban official accused of leading an insurgent propaganda campaign in eastern Afghanistan, and Maulvi Sabor, an insurgent who allegedly helped organize an April 1 attack. 10 Afghan security guards were killed in Ghazni in an attack on a convoy carrying supplies to international troops.
    (AP, 7/30/11)(AFP, 7/31/11)

2011        Jul 31, A top Afghan prosecutor said up to 40 people were allegedly involved in scams to bilk hundreds of millions of dollars from Kabul Bank, which nearly collapsed last year. Deputy Attorney General Rahmatullah Nazari said that nearly half the cases will be referred to Afghan courts next week.
    (AP, 7/31/11)(AFP, 7/31/11)
2011        Jul 31, In Afghanistan 12 policemen and a child were killed when a suicide car bomber struck outside police headquarters in the southern city of Lashkar Gah. 3 foreign troops died “as a result of a non-battle related injury" in the west. Another ISAF soldier died after an insurgent attack in the south. A NATO airstrike in the Wama district of Nuristan province, near the border with Pakistan, killed four Afghan police officers at a checkpoint. Coalition forces detained 12 police officers following the airstrike.
    (AFP, 7/31/11)(AP, 8/1/11)

2011        Aug 2, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber blew up his car outside a compound frequented by foreigners just after dawn, killing four guards, as two other militants stormed the building in Kunduz city and engaged the Afghan police in a two-hour gunbattle. The building was used by two security companies, at least one of whom provides security for GIZ, a German development and assistance organization that contracts mostly with the German government.
    (AP, 8/2/11)

2011        Aug 3, In Afghanistan 3 members of the US-led military coalition were killed. Two died in a roadside bombing in southern Afghanistan where foreign forces are trying to hold the ground they seized from Taliban insurgents in major offensives over the past year. The third soldier died in a noncombat-related incident in east Afghanistan.
    (AP, 8/4/11)

2011        Aug 4, In Afghanistan a man in an Afghan police uniform shot dead a NATO service member in the east of the country, the 2nd such killing in less than a month. Another NATO service member died following an insurgent attack in eastern Afghanistan. An employee with the Afghan national intelligence service was killed when his vehicle hit a roadside bomb just outside Kunduz city. 3 children were wounded in the blast and one died on the way to hospital.
    (AP, 8/4/11)

2011        Aug 5, In southern Afghanistan insurgents opened fire on police at an anti-NATO rally in Qalat, Zabul province, sparking a gunbattle that killed three civilians and a police officer. The townspeople were protesting an overnight NATO operation that killed 3 suspected insurgents, including a local Taliban commander. NATO said insurgents killed 2 alliance service members. In the east a CH-47 military helicopter crashed killing 30 US special operation troops, an interpreter and 7 Afghan commandos. The Taliban claimed they downed the helicopter with rocket fire while it was taking part in a raid on a house where insurgents were gathered in Wardak province. In southern Helmand province NATO troops attacked a house and inadvertently killed eight members of a family, including women and children. A British coalition service member was killed in the south.
    (AP, 8/5/11)(AFP, 8/5/11)(AP, 8/6/11)

2011        Aug 6, In southern Afghanistan a coalition service member was killed.
    (AP, 8/6/11)

2011        Aug 7, In Afghanistan two French Foreign Legion soldiers and five others were injured in a clash with insurgents in the northeastern Tagab valley. They were among four NATO troops killed in two separate insurgent attacks.
    (AFP, 8/7/11)(AP, 8/7/11)

2011        Aug 8,  In Afghanistan coalition forces in a midnight bombing raid killed the Taliban insurgents responsible for the Aug 5 attack on a US helicopter. The F-16 strike killed the "shooter" as well as a Taliban militant, Mullah Mohibullah.
    (AFP, 8/10/11)

2011        Aug 9, Around 200 Afghans burned tires and blocked key roads near the presidential palace in angry protests after at least three people were killed over a land dispute. Members of the Kuchi nomadic tribe had clashed with guards working for a housing project linked to the family of lawmaker Qais Hasan. NATO troops reportedly killed four Afghan policemen by accident in Kandahar province.
    (AFP, 8/9/11)(AP, 8/10/11)

2011        Aug 10, Afghanistan's Pres. Karzai issued a decree stating that the country's courts do not have the power to alter election results, appearing to bow to pressure to resolve an impasse over the parliament's legitimacy that threatened to create a constitutional crisis. Karzai handed authority for resolving a lingering dispute over last year's fraud-hit Afghan parliamentary elections to the Independent Election Commission (IEC).
    (AP, 8/10/11)(AFP, 8/10/11)

2011        Aug 11, In southern Afghanistan 5 NATO soldiers were killed by a bomb. Another NATO service member died in an insurgent attack in the south. The Taliban rejected a US claim to have killed the fighters who shot down an American helicopter killing 38 troops. 5 Afghan police were killed in an overnight clash with the Taliban in Helmand province. 2 Afghan soldiers, abducted a day earlier, were found dead in Logar province. A French soldier was killed when a roadside bomb exploded on a convoy in Kapisa province.
    (AFP, 8/11/11)(AP, 8/12/11)

2011        Aug 12, In southern Afghanistan 2 NATO service members were killed in separate roadside bombings. Afghan security forces recovered the bodies of five policemen and three intelligence agents who were kidnapped by insurgents a day earlier in Wardak province.
    (AP, 8/12/11)(AP, 8/13/11)

2011        Aug 13, In Afghanistan a minivan struck a roadside bomb in the Gereshk district of Helmand province, killing five civilians. 2 policemen and 4 insurgents were reported killed in shootout in Herat province.
    (AP, 8/13/11)

2011        Aug 14, In eastern Afghanistan a team of six suicide bombers, some wearing explosive vests, stormed a provincial governor's compound, killing 22 people in the Parwan provincial capital of Charikar. 3 of the attackers were killed as they approached the governor's house. 16 of the dead were civilian Afghan government employees and 6 were policemen. A French soldier was killed by isolated fire during an operation in the northeast province of Kapisa.
    (AP, 8/14/11)

2011        Aug 15, In eastern Afghanistan insurgents attacked a district government center, sparking a gunbattle that lasted for hours and left a police officer and four militants dead in the Qarabagh district of Ghazni province. Militants attacked a fuel tanker depot outside the main international military base in Kandahar city, killing four security guards.
    (AP, 8/15/11)(AP, 8/16/11)
2011        Aug 15, The US Defense Department announced that it had selected 20 separate contractors for the new National Afghan Trucking Services contract potentially worth $983.5 million to replace Host Nation Trucking. Officials said the new arrangement will reduce the reliance on subcontractors and diminish the risk of money being lost.
    (AP, 8/17/11)

2011        Aug 16, In Afghanistan a gunman riding a motorcycle killed Rabia Sadat, a woman who works for the Afghan government, in a drive-by shooting outside of her home in Kandahar. A bomb planted on a motorcycle exploded at a market in Uruzgan province killing 8 people.
    (AP, 8/16/11)(SFC, 8/17/11, p.A2)

2011        Aug 18, In western Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed at least 21 passengers traveling on a minibus. In the east a suicide car bomber attacked a coalition base, killing two Afghan security guards.
    (AP, 8/18/11)

2011        Aug 19, In Afghanistan at least 4 suicide attackers stormed a British compound in Kabul, killing 9 people in a series of explosions and a more than eight-hour gunfight on the anniversary of the country's 1919 independence from Britain. Two of the bombers were killed by police; the other two detonated their explosives. Two Germans citizens went missing at the south end of the Salang Pass, north of Kabul. On Sep 5 a rescue team reached their bodies in Parwan province and the two men had bullet wounds in their chests.
    (AP, 8/19/11)(AFP, 8/20/11)(AP, 8/23/11)(AP, 9/5/11)

2011        Aug 20, In southern Afghanistan a passenger bus careened off a road, killing 35 people. A string of insurgent attacks across the country killed five people. Insurgents in Kunar province stoned, hanged and shot two Afghan national Army soldiers returning from leave.
    (AP, 8/20/11)(SFC, 8/23/11, p.A3)

2011        Aug 21, Afghan election officials said that nine parliamentarians should be removed from their posts because of election fraud allegations, an attempt to put an end to a nearly yearlong state of limbo in the legislature. 3 government officials were gunned down, 2 in Helmand province and one in Kandahar city. A district education director and two tribal leaders were shot and killed by Taliban militants in Paktika province's Omany district. Two Afghan civilians were killed in Paktika’s Yahyakhail district when their motorbike hit a roadside bomb. Villagers in Helmand province stoned to death a Taliban commander and his bodyguard after they killed a local man (60) accused of aiding the government.
    (AP, 8/21/11)(SFC, 8/23/11, p.A3)

2011        Aug 22, In southern Afghanistan a bomb hidden in a scrap metal shop blew up in a market, killing two civilians in Helmand province. An Australian soldier was killed by an improvised explosive device while on patrol in Uruzgan province with members of the Afghan National Army.
    (AP, 8/22/11)

2011        Aug 23, In Afghanistan two gunmen on a motorcycle fired at a member of the Nawa district council in Lashkar Gah, the provincial capital of Helmand province. The councilman was rushed to a hospital but died of his wounds. 2 Afghan policemen died when their vehicle hit a roadside mine in Chimtal district of Balkh province.
    (AP, 8/24/11)

2011        Aug 24, In southern Afghanistan a NATO service member was killed in an insurgent attack. Four rockets fell in Zurmat district of Paktia province. One rocket hit a vegetable market and killed three civilians and wounded eight others.
    (AP, 8/24/11)

2011        Aug 25, In Afghanistan a coalition service member was killed in an insurgent attack, raising to four the number of foreign troops killed. The US-led coalition said the three other troopers were killed in two separate roadside bomb explosions.
    (AP, 8/26/11)

2011        Aug 26, In northwest Afghanistan a bomb exploded at an outdoor mosque, killing four worshippers in Faryab province. In western Herat a bomb placed on a small cart exploded, killing an Afghan woman and wounding seven other civilians. A NATO airstrike reportedly killed six civilians, including four women, in Logar province.
    (AP, 8/26/11)(AP, 8/27/11)

2011        Aug 27, In Afghanistan a car bomb exploded outside a bank in Lashkar Gah, Helmand province, killing four people, including 3 children. Less than three hours later, two explosions hit Kandahar. The first blast, a car bomb outside the city's main hospital, wounded seven people. Soon after, a suicide car bomber blew up his vehicle near a police compound, killing 3 civilians and wounding more than 20 people. A NATO service member was killed in a roadside bombing in the south.
    (AP, 8/27/11)(AFP, 8/27/11)
2011        Aug 27, In Pakistan some 200 to 300 "terrorists" based in Afghanistan attacked seven paramilitary Frontier Corps checkposts in the northwestern district of Chitral. 25 Pakistani troops were killed in the cross-border raid.
    (AFP, 8/27/11)

2011        Aug 28, In southern Afghanistan 4 Taliban suicide attackers struck at a US-led NATO reconstruction team in Qalat, Zabul province. One suicide attacker was arrested with a rocket launcher and AK-47, another suicide attacker was arrested wounded, a third one ran away. A government health worker and his driver were killed in a roadside bomb blast in the north. Two NATO service members were killed, one in an insurgent attack and the other in a bomb blast.
    (AFP, 8/28/11)(AP, 8/28/11)

2011        Aug, Afghan Pres. Karzai pardoned two dozen boys who had been caught trying to carry out suicide attacks. In 2012 two of the boys (10) were rearrested for again attempting to carry out bombings.
    (SFC, 2/14/12, p.A3)

2011        Sep 1, Pakistani Taliban in Afghanistan kidnapped more than 30 Pakistani boys who had mistakenly crossed the unmarked border from the country's lawless northwest. Gunmen killed 7 Shiite Muslims in the Kurram tribal region. Two people died in a suicide car bomb attack on a police station.
    (AFP, 9/2/11)(SFC, 9/2/11, p.A2)

2011        Sep 2, Afghan and NATO forces killed Saber Lal Melma, a former Guantanamo detainee. He had returned to Afghanistan after being released in 2007 to become a key al-Qaida ally.
    (AP, 9/3/11)

2011        Sep 3, In Afghanistan officials said NATO forces killed a child and a shopkeeper who were caught up in a firefight between a military patrol and a gunman in Kandahar. NATO said that one of its service members was killed in an insurgent attack in the south but did not say if it was the same incident. , Afghan and NATO troops assaulted the house of former Guantanamo inmate Sabar Lal Melma in Jalalabad. Malma was shot dead by soldiers after he confronted them with an AK-47. 3 visiting Afghan men were arrested.
    (AP, 9/3/11)(AP, 9/10/11)

2011        Sep 4, In Afghanistan a suicide car bomber killed three Afghan private security guards and wounded another 20 in Kandahar city.
    (AP, 9/5/11)

2011        Sep 5, In Afghanistan 5 civilians were killed when a roadside bomb exploded next to their vehicle in western Faryab province. An American civilian employee was killed in Kabul province.
    (AP, 9/5/11)(AP, 9/6/11)

2011        Sep 6, In Afghanistan a district government head and three of his bodyguards were killed in a roadside bomb blast in Nangarhar province.
    (AP, 9/6/11)

2011        Sep 7, The Afghan government charged that a NATO decision to stop transferring detainees to some Afghan-run detention centers is unjustified and damages the handover of security to local forces. A French paratrooper was killed by insurgent fire during an operation in the eastern province of Kapisa. A roadside bomb in eastern Khost province killed five Afghan soldiers. A Turkish engineer was killed by a roadside bomb in Herat province.
    (AP, 9/7/11)(AP, 9/8/11)

2011        Sep 8, In southern Afghanistan 2 NATO service members were killed by roadside bombs. A suicide bomber in a car packed with explosives had attacked security forces in the Sangin district center, next to the Marine battalion headquarters. Three Afghan police and four civilians were killed.
    (AP, 9/8/11)(AP, 9/9/11)

2011        Sep 10, In eastern Afghanistan 77 American soldiers were wounded and five Afghans civilians were killed in a Taliban suicide truck bombing targeting  Combat Outpost Sayed Abad in Wardak province.
    (AP, 9/11/11)

2011        Sep 12, Human Rights Watch (HRW) published a report saying the Afghan police force, funded and supported by the United States, is getting away with serious abuses including rape and murder.
    (AFP, 9/12/11)

2011        Sep 13, In Afghanistan Taliban gunmen with suicide bombs and heavy weaponry launched coordinated attacks in Kabul targeting NATO's headquarters and the US embassy, killing at least six people.
    (AFP, 9/13/11)

2011        Sep 14, In Afghanistan a 20-hour insurgent assault in Kabul ended leaving 27 dead, including police, civilians and insurgents. The Insurgents had fired rockets into the US Embassy compound from a nearby unfinished high-rise where they may have stored heavy weapons ahead of time. 4 other attackers served as suicide bombers in coordinated attacks in several areas of Kabul. 3 of them were killed by police before they could detonate their explosives.
    (AP, 9/14/11)

2011        Sep 16, In northwest Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed nine civilians, including five children, as they were herding cattle.
    (AP, 9/17/11)

2011        Sep 17, In Afghanistan one NATO service member died following an insurgent attack.
    (AP, 9/18/11)

2011        Sep 18, In Afghanistan 2 NATO service members were killed by bombs.
    (AP, 9/18/11)

2011        Sep 19, In Afghanistan a NATO service member died as a result of an attack.
    (AP, 9/19/11)

2011        Sep 20, In Afghanistan a Taliban suicide bomber in Kabul, with concealed explosives in a turban, assassinated former Afghan president Burhanuddin Rabbani (1992-1996), who was leading government peace efforts. In Feb, 2012, Pakistan arrested two people in connection with the assassination.
    (AFP, 9/20/11)(AP, 2/10/12)

2011        Sep 23, Former US Army soldier Andrew Holmes (21) was sentenced to 7 years in prison for the 2010 murder of a teenage villager in southern Afghanistan. He pleaded guilty to participating with other soldiers in the thrill killing of Afghan civilians. 5 Joint Base Lewis-McChord soldiers were accused of taking part in the murder of three Afghans.
    (SFC, 9/24/11, p.A4)(http://tinyurl.com/3cw8y5u)

2011        Sep 24, In Afghanistan an insurgent attack killed one NATO service member. 4 Afghans were wounded in suicide bombings in the east and north. A German tourist was shot dead and two Afghan companions were injured when they were attacked by armed men while traveling in Ghor province.
    (AP, 9/24/11)(AFP, 9/24/11)

2011        Sep 25, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber on a motorbike has detonated his explosives outside a local police headquarters, killing four people in Yahya Khel district, Paktika province. Police officers shot dead two men wearing explosives vests, foiling a planned suicide attack on a government building in Zabul province. The Ministry of Interior said more than 340 rockets have been fired in the past week from Pakistan into two east Afghan provinces. An Afghan employed by the US government killed one American and wounded another in an attack on a CIA office in Kabul. The assailant was killed.
    (AP, 9/25/11)(AP, 9/26/11)(SFC, 9/27/11, p.A2)

2011        Sep 27, In western Afghanistan 16 wedding guests, including 11 children, were killed when a bus hit a roadside bomb in Herat province. 5 people were killed in a suicide car bombing near the police headquarters in Lashkar Gah, southern Helmand province. Police claimed pro-government forces killed 25 Taliban insurgents who attacked a logistics convoy in Ghazni province. NATO captured Haji Mali Khan, a senior Haqqani leader inside Afghanistan along with other insurgents. Khan’s arrest was later described as a "significant milestone" in disrupting the terror group's operations.
    (AFP, 9/27/11)(AFP, 9/28/11)(AP, 10/1/11)

2011        Sep 28, In southern Afghanistan gunmen killed 8 policemen at checkpoint in Helmand province. In Uruzgan province a district police chief was killed and three of his bodyguards were injured when their vehicle struck a roadside bomb. The UN said the average number of armed clashes, roadside bombings and other violence in the country each month is running 39% higher in 2011 compared to last year. NATO said Afghan and US-led coalition troops destroyed drugs worth more than $350 million and 3 drug laboratories in what is believed to be Afghanistan's largest drug seizure this past decade. A New Zealand special forces soldier was shot in the head and killed during a gunbattle with suspected insurgents in Kabul. 3 foreign soldiers were killed by an improvised explosive device (IED) in the east, and another 3 died in another IED attack in the south, along with two others in separate incidents.
    (AP, 9/28/11)(AFP, 9/28/11)(AFP, 9/29/11)

2011        Sep 29, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed three NATO service members, while a bomb targeting Afghan policewomen killed three people in Herat.
    (AFP, 9/29/11)

2011        Sep 30, Afghan President Hamid Karzai said in a videotaped speech that attempts to negotiate with the Taliban insurgent movement are futile and efforts at dialogue should focus instead on Pakistan.
    (AP, 10/1/11)

2011        Oct 1, Afghanistan's intelligence service said it has given Pakistan hard evidence that Rabbani's Sep 20 assassination was planned in the southern outskirts of Quetta where key Taliban leaders are based. 7 Afghan soldiers were killed when their vehicle hit a roadside bomb in eastern Paktia province. One NATO service member died in a bomb attack in the south.
    (AP, 10/1/11)(AP, 10/2/11)

2011        Oct 2, The Afghan government urged neighboring Pakistan to take concrete steps to help end the Taliban insurgency and use its influence to bring the militants to direct peace talks.
    (AP, 10/2/11)

2011        Oct 3, In Afghanistan 2 suicide bombers in separate attacks struck Kandahar city, killing three people. US Pvt. Danny Chen (19) was found in a guard tower at Combat Outpost Palace with what the Army described as "an apparent self-inflicted gunshot wound." In December 8 soldiers from Chen's company faced charges relating his death, including dereliction of duty, assault, negligent homicide and involuntary manslaughter. In 2012 a court-martial found Army Sgt. Adam Holcomb guilty of maltreatment and assault of Chen. On Aug 13 Spec. Ryan Offutt pleaded guilty to hazing and mistreatment and was sentenced to 6 months in prison.
    (AFP, 10/3/11)(AP, 12/21/11)(SFC, 7/31/12, p.A7)(SFC, 8/14/12, p.A4)

2011        Oct 4, Afghan President Hamid Karzai met with PM Manmohan Singh in New Delhi. They agreed to enhance their strategic partnership with India training Afghan security forces.
    (AP, 10/4/11)(SSFC, 10/9/11, p.A4)

2011        Oct 5, The Afghan intelligence service said 6 people, including a palace guard, have been arrested after an alleged Al-Qaeda plot to assassinate Afghan President Hamid Karzai was foiled. The men were arrested a week ago and were said to have carried out training for the attack last month.
    (AFP, 10/5/11)(AP, 10/8/11)

2011        Oct 6, Some 300 Afghan men and women marched through Kabul, the eve of the 10-year anniversary of the U.S. military campaign in Afghanistan, to condemn the United States as occupiers and demand the immediate withdrawal of all foreign troops. A NATO service member died, but NATO did not disclose any other details.
    (Reuters, 10/6/11)(AP, 10/7/11)

2011        Oct 7, Afghan Pres. Hamid Karzai admitted his government and NATO had failed to provide security to Afghans, as Afghanistan marked the 10th anniversary of a war that has cost thousands of lives and hundreds of billions of dollars. Karzai claimed the Taliban are being propped up by Pakistan, saying the militants can't lift a finger without the Pakistanis. A suicide bomber and rocket fire struck 3 US-run outposts near the Pakistani border.
    (AFP, 10/7/11)(AP, 10/7/11)(SFC, 10/8/11, p.A4)

2011        Oct 9, In Afghanistan ousted parliamentarian Simeen Barakzai began her eighth day of  a hunger strike. Through chapped lips and in a rough voice, she said she would not drink or eat anything until President Hamid Karzai opened an investigation into vote fraud by the woman who has taken over her seat in Herat province.
    (AP, 10/9/11)

2011        Oct 10, In eastern Afghanistan 6 civilians died in twin explosions in the Dangam district of Kunar province. NATO said one of its service members died in the south.
    (AFP, 10/10/11)(AP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 10, The UN issued a 74-page report that found that detainees in 47 facilities in 24 provinces run by the Afghan National Police and the Directorate of Security suffered interrogation techniques that constituted torture under both international and Afghan law.
    (AP, 10/10/11)

2011        Oct 13, Afghan police took ousted parliamentarian Simeen Barakzai (30) to hospital by ambulance and dismantled the tent where she had observed a 12-day hunger strike to protest against being disqualified from parliament.
    (AFP, 10/14/11)

2011        Oct 14, In southern Afghanistan a suicide attacker blew up an explosives-packed car while it was being inspected at a border police checkpoint that had been set up because of a warning of an imminent attack. 3 officers and one civilian were killed. NATO and Afghan forces killed 13 insurgents in an overnight operation targeting local Taliban leaders. One police officer was killed in the operation. 3 NATO service members were killed in separate attacks. Violence left at least 30 dead across Afghanistan.
    (AP, 10/14/11)(AP, 10/15/11)

2011        Oct 15, In eastern Afghanistan militants tried to blast their way into an American base, striking before dawn with rocket-propelled grenades and a car bomb. All four attackers were killed as well as two truck drivers parked nearby. This was the first suicide attack of the war in the province of Panjshir. In the west 5 Afghan soldiers were killed and three others wounded in a Taliban ambush.
    (AP, 10/15/11)(AFP, 10/17/11)(AFP, 10/26/11)
2011        Oct 15, Egypt's Gamaa Islamiya, or Islamic Group, posted on its website a notice mourning the death in Afghanistan of Ahmed Abdel Rahman, the son of the "Blind Sheik" now serving a life sentence in the US for his involvement in a plot to blow up NYC landmarks.
    (AP, 10/15/11)

2011        Oct 16, Afghan police shot dead three suicide bombers attempting to target mayoral offices in Gardez. A car bomb set up for the attack blew up, killing one worker.
    (AFP, 10/16/11)

2011        Oct 17, In northern Afghanistan a suicide bomber targeted a car carrying Sayed Ahmad Sadat the chief of National Directorate of Security (NDS) for Faryab province, wounding six intelligence officials and killing a child. Sadat died of his injuries on Oct 26.
    (AFP, 10/17/11)(AP, 10/26/11)

2011        Oct 19, US Marine Gen. John Allen, the top NATO commander in Afghanistan, said the international coalition has unleashed a new offensive against the Haqqani group, one of the country's most lethal militant networks, and will ramp up operations next year along the Pakistan border to better secure the Afghan capital before the US drawdown gathers steam.
    (AP, 10/19/11)
2011        Oct 19, In Afghanistan ousted lawmaker Simeen Barakzai ended her hunger strike after 18 days and a direct appeal by Subghatullah Mujaddedi, a revered elder who also served as the head of the upper house of parliament and briefly as president in 1992. A roadside bomb killed two NATO service members in the east. 5 Afghan soldiers and an officer were killed by a roadside bomb in Herat province. The first 200 French soldiers left Afghanistan, kickstarting troop withdrawals announced three months ago by Paris.
    (AP, 10/19/11)(AFP, 10/19/11)

2011        Oct 22, Afghan President Hamid Karzai, in an aired interview with private Pakistani television station GEO, said that if the United States and Pakistan ever went to war, his country would back Islamabad.
    (AP, 10/23/11)

2011        Oct 23, In Afghanistan bodyguards for Interior Minister Bismullah Khan Mohammadi shot and killed a would-be suicide bomber who was waiting for the minister's convoy in Sayyed Khel district of Parwan province. NATO said two of its service members were killed in the last 24 hours in separate clashes with insurgents in the south and east of the country. 5 villagers were killed while trying to remove a roadside mine planted by the Taliban in the western province of Herat.
    (AP, 10/23/11)

2011        Oct 24, Hundreds of Afghans took to the streets in Kabul, shouting "death to America" in an angry protest urging the government not to sign a strategic partnership with the US. The US coalition said tens of thousands of Afghan and NATO troops killed or captured 200 insurgents in eastern Afghanistan during two operations targeting the Haqqani network.
    (AFP, 10/24/11)(SFC, 10/25/11, p.A2)

2011        Oct 25, In Afghanistan a bomb hidden inside a fuel truck in Parwan province exploded, killing at least five people. Local residents claimed more than 10 people were killed.
    (AP, 10/26/11)

2011        Oct 26, In Afghanistan at least 10 people were killed and two dozen wounded when a fuel truck supplying the Bagram NATO base erupted in flames after being bombed in Parwan province. In eastern Afghanistan a NATO service member died in an insurgent attack, raising the number killed so far this year to 479.
    (AFP, 10/26/11)(AP, 10/26/11)

2011        Oct 27, In Afghanistan insurgents attacked a US-run civilian and military base with rocket-propelled grenades and guns in a brazen early afternoon assault in Kandahar city. Two attackers were killed. Earlier in the day, a 13-year-old girl died from injuries sustained after her family's home was struck by an insurgent's missile in Kandahar province's Zhari district. A suicide attacker in a car struck a NATO convoy. At least one civilian was killed in the blast in Kandahar’s Panjwai district. An Afghan policeman was killed when his vehicle hit a roadside bomb in Farah province.
    (AP, 10/27/11)

2011        Oct 28, In eastern Afghanistan insurgents attacked a convoy of Afghan and international troops, starting a firefight that left about 30 militants dead in Nangarhar province. In the south a NATO service member was killed in a roadside bombing in Kandahar province. A civilian car struck a roadside bomb in Nangarhar province's Khogyani district, killing two men, a woman and a child.
    (AP, 10/28/11)

2011        Oct 29, In Afghanistan a Taliban car bomber struck a NATO military convoy in the Kabul, killing at least 17 people, including 5 NATO troops, one Canadian and 8 civilians. 3 Australian army trainers were killed when an Afghan soldier in Uruzgan province turned his gun on them. In the eastern city of Asadabad in Kunar province, a female suicide bomber blew herself up outside a local branch of Afghanistan's spy agency, wounding two guards.
    (AFP, 10/29/11)(AFP, 10/30/11)(AP, 10/31/11)

2011        Oct 31, In Afghanistan insurgents driving a suicide truck bomb and attacking on foot killed five people, including three UN employees, near the offices of the UN's refugee agency in the Kandahar city. Afghan forces and the militants exchanged fire for nearly seven hours before the militants were killed.
    (AP, 10/31/11)

2011        Nov 1, Turkey hosted the presidents of Afghanistan and Pakistan for a trilateral summit designed to reduce tensions and promote cooperation between the two neighbors amid stepped-up Taliban attacks.
    (AFP, 11/1/11)

2011        Nov 2, NATO said it is pouring extra resources to set up an Afghan force to take over from private security firms after a report showed the Afghans are unlikely to be ready for the planned disbanding of private security companies in March.
    (AP, 11/2/11)
2011        Nov 2, In Turkey regional leaders pledged to find ways to improve security and economic development in Afghanistan as international combat forces prepared to leave by the end of 2014. Afghan President Hamid Karzai and his Pakistani counterpart, Asif Ali Zardari, discussed a joint inquiry into the Sept. 20 killing by a suicide bomber of Burhanuddin Rabbani, a former Afghan president and peace council leader.
    (AP, 11/2/11)

2011        Nov 3, Two Afghan guards were killed when suicide bombers and attackers besieged the offices of a logistics firm working with NATO forces outside Herat city. 5 insurgents died in the attack.
    (AFP, 11/3/11)(SFC, 11/4/11, p.A4)

2011        Nov 4, NATO said US Major General Peter Fuller, deputy commander of NATO's mission to train and equip Afghan forces, has been dismissed after making "inappropriate public comments." He had accused leaders including President Hamid Karzai of being out of touch and ungrateful for American support.
    (AFP, 11/4/11)

2011        Nov 6, Afghan Pres. Karzai met with Australian PM Julia Gillard, who made an unannounced trip to the country. In the north 2 suicide bombers targeted worshippers on a key Muslim festival, killing seven, including two local police commanders of Old Baghlan City. A roadside bomb ripped through a police vehicle in the south, killing a district police chief and two of his bodyguards.
    (AP, 11/6/11)(AFP, 11/7/11)

2011        Nov 7, In Afghanistan six police officers were wounded when a suicide car bomber blew himself up when targeting the house of a local elder involved in efforts to make peace with the Taliban in Baghlan province. A roadside bomb killed 11 people mainly from one family in Badghis province.
    (AFP, 11/7/11)(AFP, 11/8/11)

2011        Nov 8, In eastern Afghanistan up to 70 Taliban fighters were killed after trying to attack a foreign troop base in Paktika province. Mohammad Akbar, the governor of Sar Hawza district in Paktika, died in hospital after his car struck a roadside bomb in the province. A rogue Afghan soldier shot and wounded 3 Australian troops at a joint base at Charmistan, Uruzgan province. In February, 2012, a Taliban video had Mohammed Roozi talking about how he attacked Australian and Afghan soldiers at Patrol Base Nasir, saying he turned a machine gun and rocket launcher on them before going into hiding.
    (AFP, 11/9/11)(AFP, 2/10/12)

2011        Nov 10, In eastern Afghanistan 3 Afghan policemen were killed and 3 US troops injured when a team of Taliban suicide attackers stormed a government office in Paktia province. 4 attackers were reported killed. 2 civilians were killed when a car bomb targeting an ISAF military convoy detonated in Lashkar Gah, Helmand province.
    (AFP, 11/10/11)

2011        Nov 11, In Afghanistan a mother and daughter were killed in their home in Ghazni city by armed men who apparently accused them of "immoral activities." Afghan police arrested two men in connection with the case. A NATO soldier was killed in an insurgent attack in the south.
    (AFP, 11/11/11)

2011        Nov 14, In Afghanistan a suspected suicide bomber carrying a bag of explosives was shot dead in Kabul near the site of a major meeting of Afghan elders set to discuss relations with the US.
    (AFP, 11/14/11)

2011        Nov 15, Afghanistan got a new, 3-year, $133.6 million line of credit from the International Monetary Fund, which said the struggling government had taken steps to address governance and accountability issues that surfaced during the Kabul Bank crisis. A bomb strapped to a donkey blew up in northern Faryab province, killing a policeman and 2 civilians, including a child. 17 other people were wounded.
    (AP, 11/15/11)(AP, 11/16/11)

2011        Nov 16, Afghan Pres. Karzai, at the opening of a grand council, or "loya jirga," told tribal elders that any ongoing partnership with the United States would need to include an end to widely unpopular nighttime raids by NATO and on the international forces handing over control of detention centers to Afghan troops. NATO said that three of its service members were killed in attacks in the south.
    (AP, 11/16/11)

2011        Nov 18, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb exploded near a playground, killing four children and wounding six. A group of aid agencies warned that more than 2 million people are facing food shortages in northern Afghanistan after a drought and the situation could get even worse if winter snows cut off access to remote regions. A roadside bomb killed a member of the NATO-led military force in the south.
    (AP, 11/18/11)

2011        Nov 19, A traditional Afghan national assembly endorsed President Hamid Karzai's decision to negotiate a long-term security pact with the US but imposed some conditions, including an end to unpopular night raids by military forces searching for insurgents.
    (AP, 11/19/11)

2011        Nov 20, In eastern Afghanistan over 1,000 university students blocked a main highway Jalalabad city to protest any agreement that would allow US troops to remain in the country after a planned transfer of authority in 2014. The Interior Ministry said Afghan and international forces killed 16 insurgents in fighting over the past three days in Nuristan province.
    (AP, 11/20/11)

2011        Nov 22, A British soldier was reported killed by an explosion in Afghanistan while on patrol in Central Helmand province.
    (AFP, 11/22/11)
2011        Nov 22, The European Commission announced that it will send additional aid to Afghanistan to help drought victims in need of food for themselves and their animals before winter snows block roads. That brings the total commission response to the Afghan drought to euro4.5 million, or about $6.1 million.
    (AP, 11/22/11)

2011        Nov 24, Pres. Karzai accused NATO-led international forces of killing 7 civilians, most of them children, in an air strike in the southern province of Kandahar. At least 10 Afghan security guards were killed when Taliban militants ambushed a logistics convoy destined for NATO forces in Farah province. Pres. Karzai nominated Noorullah Delawari to head the central bank.
    (AP, 11/24/11)(AFP, 11/24/11)

2011        Nov 26, Afghan MPs approved Noorullah Delawari, a US-educated banker, as governor of the troubled central bank. MPs also granted a trust vote to Rahmatullah Nabeel, President Karzai's candidate to head Afghanistan's intelligence agency (NDS). Karzai approved a second list of areas, home to half the nation's population, where Afghan forces will soon start taking the lead from foreign troops.
    (AFP, 11/26/11)(AP, 11/27/11)
2011        Nov 26, Pakistan accused NATO helicopters and fighter jets of firing on two army checkpoints in the country's northwest and killing 24 soldiers. Afghan troops, who came under fire while operating near the Pakistan border, called in the NATO airstrikes. Islamabad retaliated by closing the border crossings used by the international coalition to supply its troops in neighboring Afghanistan.
    (AP, 11/26/11)(AP, 11/27/11)

2011        Nov 27, In Afghanistan NATO said two of its service members have been killed, one in combat operations in the east and the other by a roadside bomb in the south.
    (AP, 11/27/11)

2011        Nov 29, Pakistan decided to boycott a key international conference on Afghanistan next month in Bonn, widening its protest over lethal cross-border NATO strikes and exacerbating a deep crisis in US ties. Islamabad communicated with the alliance to prevent an exchange of artillery fire from turning into another international incident.
    (AFP, 11/29/11)(AP, 11/30/11)

2011        Nov 30, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed a NATO service member.
    (AP, 11/30/11)

2011        Dec 1, Afghan Pres. Karzai pardoned an Afghan woman (19) serving a 12-year sentence for having sex out of wedlock after she was raped by a relative. Karzai said she had agreed to marry her attacker. She had a child while in prison and had previously refused a judge’s offer of freedom in exchange for marrying the rapist.
    (SFC, 12/2/11, p.A5)
2011        Dec 1, A second wave of Afghanistan's transition from NATO to local control officially started as international forces handed over most of a peaceful province. All but two districts of Parwan province, north of the capital Kabul, were being handed to Afghan control.
    (AFP, 12/1/11)
2011        Dec 1, Berlin-based Transparency International (TI) said corruption is hampering efforts to tackle the eurozone debt crisis, as Greece (80) and Italy (69) scored badly in a list of nations seen to be the most sleaze-ridden. Nepal ranked 154th out of 183 countries. New Zealand ranked the cleanest, while the US ranked 24th. Afghanistan ranked 180.
    (AFP, 12/1/11)(cpi.transparency.org/cpi2011/results/)(AFP, 12/11/11)

2011        Dec 2, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide bomber blew up a truck full of explosives outside a joint Afghan-NATO combat outpost, killing one Afghan civilian and wounding dozens of other people in Logar province.
    (AP, 12/2/11)

2011        Dec 3, In eastern Afghanistan 3 troops from the NATO-led International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) were killed by a roadside bomb.
    (AFP, 12/3/11)

2011        Dec 5, In southern Afghanistan a minibus full of civilians struck a roadside bomb, setting off an explosion that killed five passengers in Uruzgan province. Militants abducted 11 Afghan policemen during an ambush in Wardooj district of Badakhshan province. Two policemen were killed and four others wounded during the kidnapping. The 11 policemen were freed on Dec 16 and some two dozen suspected insurgents were arrested.
    (AP, 12/5/11)(AP, 12/17/11)
2011        Dec 5, In Bonn, Germany, a global conference on Afghanistan's future opened. It was overshadowed by the absence of key regional player Pakistan. The US and other nations vowed to keep supporting Afghanistan after most foreign forces leave the country in 2014.
    (AP, 12/5/11)

2011        Dec 6, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber struck a crowd of Shiite worshippers at a mosque in Kabul, killing at least 56 people in the deadliest of two attacks on a Shiite holy day. 4 other Shiites were killed in the northern city of Mazar-i-Sharif when a bomb strapped to a bicycle exploded as a convoy of Afghan Shiites was driving down the road. The Taliban strongly condemned the two attacks. Lashkar-e-Jhangvi, a Pakistan-based group, claimed responsibility for the bombing. The death toll in the attacks was soon raised to at least 80. On June 19, 2012, authorities in Kabul announced that two men have been charged in connection with the suicide bombing.
    (AP, 12/6/11)(AP, 12/7/11)(AP, 12/11/11)(AP, 6/19/12)

2011        Dec 7, In southern Afghanistan a minibus struck a roadside bomb, triggering an explosion that killed 19 Afghan civilians in Helmand province.
    (AP, 12/7/11)

2011        Dec 9, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide bomber attacked a mosque, assassinating a district police chief and killing at least five other people in Kunar province.
    (AFP, 12/9/11)

2011        Dec 10, In Afghanistan a bicycle bomb killed at least two people, including a member of the peace council, and left 16 wounded when it exploded in Kunduz city. 3 people were killed in Kandahar province when their vehicle hit a roadside bomb.
    (AFP, 12/10/11)

2011        Dec 11, Afghan President Hamid Karzai said foreigners are fueling the problem of corruption by, for example, awarding contracts to high ranking government officials.
    (AFP, 12/11/11)

2011        Dec 14, In Afghanistan Massoud Khan, district chief of Khanishin, Helmand province, was killed in a roadside bombing along with two bodyguards.
    (SFC, 12/15/11, p.A6)
2011        Dec 14, An Indian newspaper reported that plans were being finalized for a Taliban office in the Gulf state of Qatar.
    (AP, 12/15/11)

2011        Dec 17, In Afghanistan international troops exchanged gunfire with guards at a house in Paktia province, and detained a counternarcotics chief and two of his sons. An Afghan woman and another member of the counternarcotics chief's family were killed and three other women were injured. Three policemen were killed when their patrol vehicle was caught in the blast from a roadside bomb on the main highway between Farah and Nimroz provinces.
    (AP, 12/17/11)(AFP, 12/18/11)
2011        Dec 17, In Afghanistan the US military began testing Kaman K-MAX helicopters, a revolutionary new drone for its arsenal. The pilotless helicopters will fly cargo missions to remote outposts where frequent roadside bombs threaten access by road convoys.
    (AP, 1/7/12)

2011        Dec 18, In eastern Afghanistan 18 civilians and two policemen were wounded when a man threw grenades at a police vehicle in Khost city.
    (AFP, 12/18/11)

2011        Dec 21, Operators ran the first train down Afghanistan's first major railroad, clearing the way for a long-awaited service from the northern border that should speed up the US military's crucial supply flow and become a hub for future trade. Uzbekistan's state-owned SE Sogdiana Trans will run the commercial train service.
    (AP, 12/21/11)
2011        Dec 21, In eastern Afghanistan a roadside bomb blast killed five Polish soldiers in Ghazni province. Afghan police shot dead a would-be suicide bomber before he was able to attack a police station in Khost province.
    (AP, 12/21/11)

2011        Dec 22, In eastern Afghanistan a NATO service member was killed by a roadside bomb. Insurgents tried to overrun a police checkpoint in western Ghor province. One attacker was killed and three policemen were wounded in the clashes.
    (AP, 12/22/11)(AP, 12/23/11)

2011        Dec 23, Afghanistan's leading human rights activist, Nader Nadery (36), said that President Hamid Karzai has fired him and two others from the government's own rights commission. The claim came as the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission was working on a landmark report about abuses in the country. Karzai's spokesman said Nadery’s five year term was over and the president did not renew his term.
    (AFP, 12/23/11)
2011        Dec 23, The Afghan Interior Ministry said three civilians have died in an explosion of a truck in the south of the country. The truck appeared to have been transporting a bomb through a town in Takhta Pul district in Kandahar province. An explosion at a coal mine in Baghlan province killed 11 miners. They were all working at the site without government permission.
    (AP, 12/23/11)(AP, 12/24/11)

2011        Dec 24, A gunman wearing an Afghan soldier’s uniform was killed in a gunfight with US troops at an outpost in Bala Boluk district in southwestern Farah province.
    (AFP, 12/25/11)(AP, 12/26/11)

2011        Dec 25, In northeastern Afghanistan a suicide bomber attacked a funeral, killing at least 19 people including an MP and wounding dozens of others in Takhar province. In eastern Afghanistan an ISAF service member died after an insurgent attack. Afghan security forces over the last 24 hours killed 30 armed insurgents in various operations around the country in which a number of weapons were found.
    (AFP, 12/25/11)

2011        Dec 29, A man dressed in Afghan army fatigues shot dead two French soldiers. The Taliban claimed responsibility, saying the soldier joined the army in order to carry out his attack in Kapisa province. A roadside bomb killed 10 Afghan police returning from a recruitment center in Helmand province. Another roadside bombing killed a local police commander in the southern province of Kandahar.
    (AFP, 12/29/11)(AFP, 12/30/11)

2011        Dec 30, Afghan security forces took control of Nad Ali, Nawa and Marjah as part of the second wave of security transition. A roadside bomb killed four civilians in Uruzgan province. A suicide bomber and his accomplice were killed on a motorbike in Trinkot city. A British ISAF service member was killed by an IED in Helmand province.
    (AFP, 12/30/11)(AFP, 12/31/11)

2011        Dec 31, Afghan child bride, Sahar Gul (15), spoke of how she was tortured by her mother-in-law who locked her in a toilet for six months, beat her, pulled out her fingernails and burned her with cigarettes. She was found in the basement of her husband's house in the northeastern Baghlan province late Dec 26. On May 5, 2012, her in-laws were sentenced to 10 years in prison for torture, abuse and human rights violations.
    (AP, 12/31/11)(AP, 5/5/12)
2011        Dec 31, Georgia’s defense ministry said a Georgian soldier has been killed in Afghanistan, the 11th from the ex-Soviet state to die serving alongside NATO-led forces fighting the Taliban.
    (AFP, 12/31/11)

2011        Jonathan Steele authored “Ghosts of Afghanistan: The Haunted Battleground."
    (Econ, 11/19/11, p.91)
2011        In Afghanistan opium seizures this year rose 13 percent and those of hashish climbed 59 percent, while the amount of marijuana and morphine confiscated soared 1,208 percent and 10,113 percent respectively, according to figures from ISAF, which did not give the amounts of drugs seized. The UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) in October said opium production in Afghanistan rose 61 percent in 2011 from the previous year, when the harvest was hit by disease.
    (AFP, 1/2/12)
2011        The UN mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) said in its annual report, made public on Feb 4, 2012, that a total of 3,021 Afghan civilians died in 2011 -- mostly at the hands of insurgents -- up eight% from 2,790 in 2010.
    (AFP, 2/4/12)
2011        In Afghanistan at least 430 employees of US contractors were reported killed. This compared to 418 US soldiers reported killed this year.
    (SSFC, 2/12/12, p.A12)

2012        Jan 1, Afghan Pres. Karzai along with US embassy officials met a delegation from Hezb-i-Islami, Afghanistan's second largest militant group led by former Afghan prime minister Gulbuddin Hekmatyar.
    (AFP, 1/3/12)

2012        Jan 3, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber riding a motorcycle struck in Kandahar, killing four civilians and a policemen. 3 explosions today killed 13 people Kandahar. The dead include a child and four police officers. The Taliban announced that they had come to an "initial agreement" to open their first political overseas office, possibly in Qatar, in the first public gesture towards peace talks with the US.
    (AP, 1/3/12)(AFP, 1/3/12)
2012        Jan 3, Afghan police arrested two British private security contractors and two Afghan colleagues and ordered their company, GardaWorld, closed down after finding a cache of weapons in their vehicle in Kabul.
    (AP, 1/5/12)

2012        Jan 5, Afghan President Hamid Karzai ordered the transfer of the prison at Bagram, sometimes called "Afghanistan's Guantanamo," to Afghan control within a month, citing reports of human rights violations there. Four US soldiers from the Indiana National Guard were killed by a roadside bomb in southern Afghanistan as they worked to clear a supply route.
    (AFP, 1/5/12)(SSFC, 1/8/12, p.A5)

2012        Jan 6, In Afghanistan 6 children and a civilian were killed when a bomb planted in a garbage bin exploded in Tirin Kot, Uruzgan province. 5 NATO soldiers were killed in two roadside bomb blasts. A policeman turned his gun on his colleagues in their headquarters of Shahrak district, central Ghor province, killing two before being gunned down himself.
    (AFP, 1/6/12)

2012        Jan 8, An Afghan soldier shot dead a NATO colleague and was himself killed when a dispute ended in a shoot-out.
    (AFP, 1/8/12)

2012        Jan 10, In southeastern Afghanistan 3 policemen and 4 civilians were killed when a group of suicide bombers stormed a government building in Sharana, the capital city of Paktika province. One bomber was gunned down by police, the two others detonated themselves. Four Afghan National Army soldiers killed in a Taliban mortar attack in Kunar province.
    (AFP, 1/10/12)

2012        Jan 11, In southern Afghanistan a suicide bomber slipped inside police headquarters in Kandahar, detonating his cache of explosives and wounding one officer.
    (AP, 1/11/12)

2012        Jan 12, Afghanistan, Washington and the Taliban condemned a video purporting to show US Marines urinating on corpses of insurgents. The troops in the inflammatory video were soon identified as being from the 3rd Battalion 2nd Marine Regiment, based at Camp Lejeune, North Carolina. In southern Afghanistan a suicide car-bomber killed five people and wounded 10 others near Kandahar city. The dead included Fazludin Agha, the chief of Panjwayi district, his two sons and two bodyguards.
    (AFP, 1/12/12)(AFP, 1/13/12)

2012        Jan 16, In southern Afghanistan a civilian helicopter crashed, killing all three people on board. Police said the Russian-made aircraft probably went down because of a technical malfunction. At least 14 people died in avalanches after heavy snowfall in the mountainous Badakhshan province.
    (AP, 1/16/12)(AP, 1/17/12)

2012        Jan 17, Afghan President Hamid Karzai urged the Taliban to allow teams conducting a polio vaccination campaign to reach areas under the insurgents' control. Afghanistan,  Pakistan and Nigeria are the last three nations where polio remains endemic.
    (AP, 1/17/12)
2012        Jan 17, In Afghanistan assailants gunned down Mohammad Nahim Agha Mama, a prominent anti-Taliban tribal leader as he was praying in a mosque in Kandahar. A suicide car bomber slammed into the entrance of a military base jointly run by NATO and Afghan troops in Nangarhar province, wounding three Afghan private security guards. NATO forces reportedly killed 5 civilians, including a woman and 2 children, during an overnight raid in Kunar province.
    (AP, 1/17/12)(AP, 1/18/12)

2012        Jan 18, In southern Afghanistan 12 people were killed by a suicide bomber on a motorcycle at a bridge under construction in Helmand province. An Afghan intelligence official in Nad Ali district of Helmand province and two of his body guards were killed in an explosion. Afghan security forces said they have killed nine armed insurgents and captured 23 suspects in a series of raids in the past 24 hours.
    (AP, 1/18/12)

2012        Jan 19, In southern Afghanistan a suicide bomber killed at least seven people and wounded eight in an attack at Kandahar international airport. Hundreds of people took to the streets in Dewa Gul Vally, Kunar province, in protest over a recent night raid by Afghan and NATO forces that allegedly killed six civilians.  A NATO-US helicopter crashed killing 6 Marines. Taliban fighters attacked a police checkpoint in Helmand province. At least 2 police officers and 12 Taliban fighters were killed.
    (AFP, 1/19/12)(SFC, 1/20/12, p.A2)(SFC, 1/21/12, p.A2)

2012        Jan 20, An Afghan soldier shot dead four unarmed French troops during a sports session inside a base. Pres. Sarkozy suspended French military training and joint combat operations with Afghan troops, and sent Defense Minister Gerard Longuet to probe the attack in which at least 15 French soldiers were also wounded.
    (AFP, 1/20/12)

2012        Jan 21, Afghan President Hamid Karzai said that he personally held peace talks recently with the insurgent faction Hizb-i-Islami. At least 13 people, including five Afghan border police, a NATO soldier and two would-be suicide bombers, were killed across the country.
    (AP, 1/21/12)(AFP, 1/21/12)

2012        Jan 23, An Afghan toddler was accidentally killed and the child's parents were wounded when Danish soldiers blew up a roadside bomb in Helmand province.
    (AP, 1/26/12)

2012        Jan 24, Afghan officials said heavy snow and avalanches in Afghanistan's far northeast have killed at least 46 people since last week.
    (AP, 1/24/12)

2012        Jan 25, In eastern Afghanistan a rocket fired by Taliban insurgents killed a woman and her child in Kapisa province.
    (AP, 1/26/12)

2012        Jan 26, In southern Afghanistan a suicide attacker detonated a car laden with powerful explosives, killing four Afghan civilians and wounding 31 other people.
    (AP, 1/26/12)

2012        Jan 27, France announced it would withdraw its troops from Afghanistan a year earlier than the 2014 date agreed by NATO. Pres. Sarkozy, alongside Afghan President Hamid Karzai who was in Paris for a previously planned visit, said France had told the US of its plan, and will present it at a Feb. 2-3 meeting of NATO defense ministers in Brussels.
    (AP, 1/28/12)

2012        Jan 30, A Riyadh-based Afghan diplomat said Afghan officials and representatives of the Taliban insurgents are to hold peace talks in Saudi Arabia.
    (AFP, 1/30/12)
2012        Jan 30, Afghan police said a woman has been strangled to death, apparently by her husband, who was upset that she gave birth to a second daughter rather than the son he wanted. Sher Mohammad fled the Khanabad district in Kunduz province last week, about the time a neighbor found Estorai, his 22-year-old wife, dead in their house.
    (AP, 1/30/12)

2012        Jan 31, In southern Afghanistan a man wearing an Afghan army uniform shot and killed a NATO service member, the latest in a rising number of similar attacks.
    (AP, 2/1/12)

2012        Feb 1, NATO confirmed a secret report saying that the Taliban, backed by Pakistan, are set to retake control of Afghanistan after NATO-led forces withdraw, raising the prospect of a major failure of Western policy after a costly war.
    (AP, 2/1/12)

2012        Feb 3, In Afghanistan an American soldier shot and killed an Afghan guard at a base in the country's north, apparently because the American thought the guard was about to attack him.
    (AP, 2/4/12)

2012        Feb 5, In Afghanistan 9 people, including 7 policemen, were killed in a suicide car bomb attack on police headquarters in Kandahar, a bastion of Taliban militancy.
    (AFP, 2/5/12)

2012        Feb 7, Pakistani PM Yousuf Raza Gilani held talks with Qatar's emir Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa al-Thani, on the 2nd day of an official visit expected to focus on Afghan peace efforts.
    (AFP, 2/7/12)

2012        Feb 8, In Afghanistan a NATO airstrike reportedly killed 8 children in Kapisa province. On Feb 13 NATO conceded that several children died during the bombing raid.
    (AFP, 2/9/12)(AFP, 2/13/12)

2012        Feb 10, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb hit a police vehicle on patrol, leaving five policemen dead and one wounded in Trin Kot, the capital of Uruzgan province. A car was also hit by a roadside bomb in the Khinjak area of Trin Kot, killing one person and wounding two others.
    (AFP, 2/11/12)

2012        Feb 11, In eastern Afghanistan gunmen burst into a family home of a provincial judge, killing him and his niece in the latest assassination of an Afghan government official. Mohammad Nasir, the head of the appeals court for Kunar province, was visiting family in neighboring Nangarhar province. A helicopter operated by US military contractors crashed in the mountains of Zabul province, killing all four Tajik crew members.
    (AP, 2/12/12)

2012        Feb 12, The Afghan Health Ministry said that the director of a medical clinic in Helmand province was found dead after being kidnapped a week ago by unknown gunmen. The provincial government of Helmand province said a roadside bomb killed three civilians in Washir district.
    (AP, 2/12/12)

2012        Feb 13, Afghan President Hamid Karzai's office said the government has signed a long-term partnership with Italy for continued financial support and military training. The agreement states that Italy will continue these efforts after 2014, when the Afghan government is expected to take the lead in securing the country. In the south a NATO service member died in an insurgent attack.
    (AP, 2/13/12)

2012        Feb 15, Afghan police in Kunar province rescued 41 children from becoming suicide bombers as they were about to be smuggled across the mountains into Pakistan.
    (AFP, 2/20/12)

2012        Feb 16, Pakistan welcomed the leaders of Afghanistan and Iran for a regional summit at a key juncture in peace efforts with the Taliban and amid rising tensions between Tehran and Israel.
    (AFP, 2/16/12)
2012        Feb 16, UN chief Ban Ki-moon urged Afghanistan to make fighting drug trafficking a priority as opium harvests soar in the world's top producer, and said the world must help in the effort in his opening address in Vienna of a Paris Pact meeting to fight drug trafficking in Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 2/16/12)

2012        Feb 18, Afghan Pres. Hamid Karzai met with Maulana Samiul Haq, a Pakistani cleric linked to Taliban insurgents. The meeting in Islamabad marked the first public contact between an Afghan official and members of the Afghan Taliban's support network in Pakistan.
    (AP, 2/18/12)

2012        Feb 19, In Afghanistan insurgents beheaded four people in Washer district, Helmand province, on the charge that they were spies. A roadside bomb killed four civilians in southern Kandahar province.
    (AP, 2/21/12)(AP, 2/19/12)

2012        Feb 20, In Afghanistan 3 Italian soldiers were killed when their armored jeep overturned in a river in Herat province as it raced to the rescue of another unit blocked by adverse weather conditions. Afghan police opened fire on int’l. troops killing one Albanian soldier. 11 Afghan policemen were arrested.
    (AFP, 2/20/12)(SFC, 2/21/12, p.A2)

2012        Feb 21, Afghan Pres. Hamid Karzai invited the Taliban leadership to direct talks, while urging Pakistan to facilitate negotiation efforts towards ending 10 years of war. Demonstrators gathered outside the Bagram US base in Parwan province as word spread that Muslim holy books were burned in a pile of garbage. The US apologized for burning the copies of the Quran. A NATO service member died as a result of a non-battle related injury.
    (AFP, 2/21/12)(AP, 2/22/12)

2012        Feb 22, The Afghan Interior Ministry said seven people have been killed in clashes between Afghan security forces and protesters demonstrating against the burning of Muslim holy books at a NATO military base.
    (AP, 2/22/12)

2012        Feb 23, President Barack Obama apologized over the burning of Korans at a US airbase in Afghanistan, where three days of protests have killed 14 people, including two American soldiers.
    (AFP, 2/23/12)

2012        Feb 24, In Afghanistan anti-US protesters tried to storm a US consulate and march on NATO headquarters in Kabul as violent demonstrations over the burning of Korans pushed into a fourth day, pushing the death toll to 24 people.
    (AFP, 2/24/12)
2012        Feb 24, Pakistan publicly called on the Taliban for the first time to engage the Afghan government in US-backed peace talks, a potentially significant move that could help pave the way for a settlement to end the decade-long war. Suicide bombers armed with guns and grenades attacked a police station, killing four officers in the second attack in as many days in the northwestern city of Peshawar. Militants attacked troops deployed in Khyber tribal district and the ensuing fighting left three soldiers and seven militants dead. Hundreds of Pakistani activists took to the streets, chanting "Death to America", demanding that their leaders resign and setting fire to a US flag over the burning of Korans in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 2/24/12)(AFP, 2/24/12)

2012        Feb 25, In Afghanistan 2 American members of NATO forces were shot dead in the interior ministry in Kabul. Five people were reported killed in the attack, taking the five day death toll from protests over the burning of Korans at a US-run military base to 29. Six Afghan soldiers were killed and 16 others wounded while trying to defuse a roadside bomb.
    (AFP, 2/25/12)(AP, 2/25/12)

2012        Feb 26, In northern Afghanistan protesters angry over Quran burnings by American troops lobbed grenades at a US base in Kunduz province and clashed with police and troops in a 6th day of violence that left 7 American troops wounded and two Afghans dead.
    (AP, 2/26/12)(AFP, 2/27/12)

2012        Feb 27, In eastern Afghanistan a Taliban suicide car bomber targeting NATO troops at Jalalabad airport killed 6 civilians, an Afghan soldier and 2 local guards, the 7th day of violence over the burning of the Koran at a US airbase. An Afghan official said severe cold weather has killed 35 children in the past two days in northeastern Badakhshan.
    (AFP, 2/27/12)

2012        Mar 1, In Afghan 2 American soldiers were killed by Afghan colleagues in Kandahar province, the latest in a series of such attacks after the burning of the Koran at a US base sparked widespread violent protests.
    (AFP, 3/1/12)

2012        Mar 2, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber on a motorcycle attacked a NATO convoy in the Kandahar province, wounding seven people including four soldiers.
    (AFP, 3/2/12)

2012        Mar 4, In northeastern Afghanistan an avalanche buried a village of about 200 people in Badakhshan province. At least 50 people were killed with dozens trapped under the snow. At least 145 people were missing and "presumed dead" after an avalanche.
    (AFP, 3/6/12)(AP, 3/7/12)(AFP, 3/10/12)

2012        Mar 6, Afghan President Hamid Karzai endorsed the Ulema Council's “code of conduct" document issued March 3. It allows husbands to beat wives under certain circumstances and encourages segregation of the sexes.
    (AP, 3/6/12)

2012        Mar 7, In Afghanistan 6 British soldiers were killed when a massive explosion hit their armored vehicle, taking the British toll in the war against Taliban insurgents to more than 400. In Uruzgan province 9 policemen were killed by Taliban insurgents after a checkpoint guard allowed them to enter a sleeping area.
    (AFP, 3/7/12)(SFC, 3/9/12, p.A3)

2012        Mar 9, In Afghanistan the US signed a deal transferring the controversial Bagram prison to Afghan control, marking a breakthrough in negotiations over a strategic treaty between the two nations. The US would maintain a presence at the prison to provide advisory, technical and logistical support for a year. Insurgents attacked a checkpoint in Nangarhar province. Two border policemen and three attackers were killed in the ensuing firefight.
    (AFP, 3/9/12)(AP, 3/10/12)

2012        Mar 10, Afghan officials said 5 top Taliban leaders held by the US in the military prison at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, told a visiting Afghan delegation they agree to a proposed transfer to the tiny Gulf state of Qatar. The US has not yet agreed to the transfer but is considering it as an incentive for the Taliban to participate in peace talks.
    (AP, 3/10/12)

2012        Mar 11, In Afghanistan an American soldier opened fire on villagers near his base and killed 16 civilians. 9 children and 3 women were among the dead in Kandahar province. A US service member was detained at a NATO base as the alleged shooter. The soldier was transferred to Kuwait on March 14 and on to the US on March 16. On March 16 the soldier was identified as Staff Sergeant Robert Bales (38) of Lake Tapps, Wa.
    (AP, 3/11/12)(AP, 3/16/12)(Reuters, 3/16/12)

2012        Mar 13, In Afghanistan gunmen attacked a memorial service for 16 villagers killed by a US soldier, shooting dead a member of the Afghan military and wounding a policeman in a hail of gunfire. About 400 university students chanting "Death to America -- Death to Obama" took to the streets of Jalalabad, in the first protest against the US army sergeant's killing spree.
    (AFP, 3/13/12)

2012        Mar 14, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb attack killed 8 civilians in Helmand province as US Defense Secretary Leon Panetta visited troops in a military camp in the southern Afghan province. An Afghan interpreter crashed a truck while speeding toward Marines waiting for Panetta to land. The interpreter died of his wounds the next day. A motorcycle bomb blast in Kandahar city shortly before the Helmand attack killed at least one Afghan security officer and wounded two others.
    (AFP, 3/14/12)(AP, 3/15/12)

2012        Mar 15, Afghan President Hamid Karzai demanded NATO troops immediately pull out of rural areas in the wake of the killing of 16 civilians. The Taliban broke off talks with the US. Karzai also said he now wants Afghan forces take the lead for countrywide security in 2013, a year ahead of schedule.
    (AP, 3/15/12)

2012        Mar 16, Afghan Pres. Karzai angrily accused the US of not sharing information about how an American soldier allegedly shot and killed 16 Afghans in two villages.
    (AP, 3/16/12)
2012        Mar 16, In Afghanistan a Turkish helicopter crashed into a house on the outskirts of Kabul, killing 12 Turkish soldiers and two Afghan civilians.
    (AFP, 3/16/12)

2012        Mar 17, A senior Iranian military commander, Gen. Masoud Jazayeri, urged Afghans to use force to kick American troops out of their country, hinting that "new resistance groups" could launch attacks on US interests in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 3/17/12)

2012        Mar 20, Afghans celebrated their solar-based new year.
    (AFP, 4/15/12)

2012        Mar 22, Afghan President Hamid Karzai said the West will subsidize Afghan security forces by more than $4 billion a year after US-led troops leave in 2014, implicitly accepting a cut in the planned size of his military. Western officials said no final agreements had been reached. In Kandahar a suicide car bomber blew himself up at a security checkpoint outside a police station, killing two children nearby.
    (AFP, 3/22/12)(AP, 3/22/12)

2012        Mar 23, Afghan police in Kandahar province seized two tractor-towed trailers with at least 17 tons of explosives insurgents were planning to use for improvised explosive devices. The shipment was coming from Quetta, Pakistan, and the drivers were killed in the operation. An Afghan civilian was killed when a NATO vehicle collided with another driven by a local resident in Lashkar Gah.
    (AP, 3/24/12)(AFP, 3/25/12)
2012        Mar 23, The US military filed charges against Army Staff Sgt. Robert Bales including 17 counts of premeditated murder, more than half of them children, during a march 11 shooting rampage in southern Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 3/24/12)

2012        Mar 24, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb detonated by remote control killed five people, including a former Afghan senator and tribal leader who worked to foster peace and development. In the east a NATO service member died as a result of a non-battle related injury. Eight Afghan security personnel and a foreign soldier were among 10 people killed in a Taliban-style roadside bombing in Kandahar province.
    (AP, 3/24/12)(AFP, 3/25/12)
2012        Mar 24, Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and his Pakistani counterpart Asif Ali Zardari arrived in Tajikistan for regional security talks with Afghan leader Hamid Karzai.
    (AFP, 3/24/12)

2012        Mar 25, Afghan officials said the US paid $50,000 in compensation for each villager killed and $11,000 for each person wounded in a shooting rampage allegedly carried out by a rogue American soldier on March 11.
    (AP, 3/25/12)

2012        Mar 26, In Afghanistan a member of the Afghan national army opened fire at entrance gate to the British headquarters at Lashkar Gah city, killing the two British service personnel. The assailant was killed by return fire. A joint Afghan and coalition force in Faryab province killed Makhdum Nusrat, leader of the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan.
    (Reuters, 3/26/12)(AP, 4/7/12)

2012        Mar 28, In Afghanistan a NATO supply convoy came under attack in Farah province. 37 people were reported killed, including 28 Taliban attackers.
    (SFC, 3/30/12, p.A3)
2012        Mar 28, Human Rights Watch said hundreds of Afghan women were languishing in prison for so-called moral crimes, which included running away from home and having sex outside marriage. The group estimated a total of 400 women were in prison and girls in juvenile detention facilities having been accused or convicted of offences including "running away", which is not a crime under the Afghan penal code.
    (AFP, 3/28/12)

2012        Mar 29, In southern Afghanistan a NATO service member died in an insurgent attack.
    (AP, 3/30/12)

2012        Mar 30, An Afghan policeman shot to death nine of his fellow officers as they slept in a village in Paktika province, an eastern Taliban stronghold. He then took their weapons, piled them in a pickup truck and sped away. A motorcycle bomb parked by the side of a road exploded, killing an Afghan police officer and wounding another in Sangin district of southwest Helmand province. A NATO service member died in a southern roadside bomb explosion.
    (AP, 3/30/12)
2012        Mar 30, In Afghanistan the bodies of a boy (15) and a girl (12) were discovered in wasteland in the Esfandi area of Ghazni province. They were killed in an acid attack. Witnesses claimed it was because of their friendship.
    (AFP, 3/31/12)

2012        Mar 31, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb in the Gizab district of Uruzgan province killed two local council members and an Afghan policeman.
    (AP, 4/1/12)

2012        Apr 1, In Afghanistan Toor Jan, an officer in charge of several checkpoints in Uruzgan province's capital Tarin Kot, died along with one of his bodyguards when their vehicle passed through an area where explosives had been planted.
    (AP, 4/1/12)

2012        Apr 2, In Afghanistan a motorcycle bomb killed one police officer and wounded two others in Kandahar city. Twin bomb blasts in the city of New Baghlan wounded 23 people, including eight police officers near a market selling computer equipment. Insurgents attacked a checkpoint in the Nahri Sarraj district of Helmand province. Four police officers were killed and two were wounded in the attack. The bodies of two civilians also were found at the checkpoint. Insurgents killed three police officers and abducted 11 in an attack on a checkpoint in Wardoj district of Badakhshan province.
    (AP, 4/2/12)(AP, 4/3/12)

2012        Apr 3, In Afghanistan two police officers were killed when their vehicle ran over a roadside bomb in Shah Wali Kot district of Kandahar province. Two NATO service members were reported killed in the east. One died in a roadside bombing, and the other died as a result of a non-battle related injury.
    (AP, 4/3/12)

2012        Apr 4, In northern Afghanistan a suicide bomber attacked foreign military forces, killing at least 13 people including three American troops in Maymana, capital of Faryab province. Gunmen attacked an outpost of a government-sponsored militia and killed 10 members of the security force in Khaki Safed district, Farah province
    (AFP, 4/4/12)(AP, 4/5/12)

2012        Apr 5, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber struck a bazaar in a northeastern district, killing two people and wounding 16 others in the Kishim district of Badakhshan province. A NATO service member died in a roadside bomb explosion in the south.
    (AP, 4/5/12)(AP, 4/6/12)

2012        Apr 6, Four Afghan policemen were killed in 3 separate incidents in Helmand province. A fuel tanker overturned and caught fire, killing 7 people. A suicide bomber assassinated the head of the peace council in Kunar province. His son died in a hospital where he and the bodyguard were treated for their injuries. A NATO service member died following an insurgent attack in the east. A member of the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU), an al-Qaida-linked group who helped finance attacks against Afghan and foreign forces, was captured in Faryab province.
    (AP, 4/6/12)(AP, 4/7/12)

2012        Apr 7, In Afghanistan 3 employees of an Afghan construction company died when their vehicle struck a roadside bomb.
    (AP, 4/7/12)

2012        Apr 8, The Afghan government and the US signed a deal governing special operations and night raids by American troops. The document gave the Afghans authority over the raids and gave the Americans an Afghan partner that will now be held equally to account if there are civilian casualties or allegations of mistreatment.
    (AP, 4/8/12)(Econ, 4/14/12, p.52)

2012        Apr 10, In Afghanistan suicide bombers struck two government offices in the south and west, killing 16 people as militants step up attacks across the country with the arrival of spring temperatures. In addition 3 local policemen were killed in Musa Qala district when a suicide bomber on a motorcycle blew himself up near their vehicle.
    (AP, 4/10/12)(AP, 4/11/12)

2012        Apr 11, In Afghanistan 2 bomb explosions and an insurgent attack killed two NATO service members and a local Afghan government in different parts of the country.
    (AP, 4/11/12)

2012        Apr 14, In Afghanistan Salahuddin Rabbani, the son of a former peace council chairman killed by a suicide bomber on Sep 20, 2011, was elected to succeed his father as head of the 70-member Afghan High Peace Council, tasked with reaching out to the Taliban to find a political resolution to the decade-long war.
    (AP, 4/14/12)
2012        Apr 14, Afghan forces with air support from NATO combed through the country's mountainous northeast in their third day of a major offensive against militants in a province that serves as an insurgent supply route from Pakistan. A spokesman for Nuristan province said nearly 30 insurgents have been killed and at least 30 have been wounded in the operation that began in Kamdesh district.
    (AP, 4/14/12)
2012        Apr 14, Indonesian authorities said they had found a boat reported missing en route to Australia and that some 60 asylum seekers it was carrying were believed to have fled. The mostly Afghan asylum seekers on board made a distress call to Australia on April 11, saying they were in rough seas and their boat was sinking.
    (AFP, 4/14/12)

2012        Apr 15, In Afghanistan suicide bombers struck across the country in coordinated attacks claimed by Taliban insurgents as the start of a spring offensive. A total of 19 insurgents died and 14 police and nine civilians were wounded.
    (AFP, 4/15/12)

2012        Apr 16, In Afghanistan an 18-hour attack, allegedly carried out by Pakistan-based militants on targets in the Afghan capital, including the US Embassy, ended today killing 11 people. 36 insurgents were also killed. A gunman arrested in the attacks told authorities the simultaneous strikes in Kabul and three other cities were carried out by the Haqqani network.
    (AP, 4/16/12)

2012        Apr 17, Afghan President Hamid Karzai said he wanted "at least $2 billion" a year from the United States after it withdraws its troops in 2014. Karzai said the US should specify in a partnership agreement to be signed between his country and the US how much money it will give to Afghanistan after they leave.
    (AFP, 4/17/12)
2012        Apr 17, Australia said it will bring its troops home from Afghanistan a year earlier than planned with most soldiers withdrawn in 2013 after significant security gains over the past 18 months.
    (AFP, 4/17/12)

2012        Apr 18, The Los Angeles Times published 2 pictures, dating back to 2010, showing US soldiers posing with the remains of Taliban insurgents. One showed members of the 82nd Airborne Division posing in 2010 with Afghan police holding the severed legs of a suicide bomber. The 2nd appeared to show the hand of a dead insurgent resting on a US soldier's shoulder as the soldier smiles.
    (AP, 4/19/12)

2012        Apr 19, In Afghanistan a US Army helicopter crashed in bad weather during a night flight to the scene of a suicide bombing. All 4 American crew members were killed. 4 Afghan police officers were killed and 7 others were wounded in the suicide attack on the checkpoint in Helmand province.
    (AFP, 4/20/12)
2012        Apr 19, Australia vowed in an apparent U-turn to keep combat troops in Afghanistan through 2014 after PM Julia Gillard had indicated they would come home earlier than planned.
    (AFP, 4/19/12)

2012        Apr 21, An Afghan official said security forces arrested five militants on April 13 with 10,000 kilograms (22,000 pounds) of explosives that they smuggled in from Pakistan to carry out a massive attack in Kabul, as well as another three suspects, arrested on April 15, allegedly planning to assassinate the vice president.
    (AP, 4/21/12)(AFP, 4/21/12)

2012        Apr 22, Afghanistan and the US agreed on a much-delayed strategic partnership (SPA) deal that is meant to govern the US role in Afghanistan as international forces draw down and for decades after. The agreement pledged US support for 10 years.
    (AP, 4/22/12)(SFC, 4/23/12, p.A3)(Econ, 4/28/12, p.43)

2012        Apr 24, In southern Afghanistan a NATO service member was killed by an improvised explosive device. Another NATO service member died of non-battle injuries in the east.
    (AP, 4/25/12)

2012        Apr 25, In southern Afghanistan another NATO service member was killed by an improvised explosive device. Another NATO service member died of non-battle injuries. A man wearing an Afghan National Army uniform shot and killed a US soldier and an Afghan interpreter in Kandahar province. The shooter was killed when coalition forces returned fire.
    (AP, 4/25/12)(AP, 4/26/12)(SFC, 4/28/12, p.A3)

2012        Apr 26, In eastern Afghanistan a mortar fired during heavy fighting between NATO forces and the Taliban hit a house killing three women. In the northeast another group of Taliban fighters launched an overnight attack on a police post, killing four officers and abducting 16. Afghan border police killed eight insurgents who they found placing a bomb near a road in Spin Boldak district.
    (AP, 4/26/12)

2012        Apr 27, It was reported that the Taliban have succeeded in closing or partly closing some 50 schools in southern Afghanistan in response to a government decision last fall to ban motorcycles in the southern districts of Ghazni province. A British soldier was shot dead in the southern province of Helmand. NATO said 3 US service members were killed in a bomb attack in the east.
    (SFC, 4/27/12, p.A2)(AFP, 4/28/12)(SFC, 4/28/12, p.A3)

2012        Apr 28, In southern Afghanistan 2 Taliban militants hiding handguns in their shoes slipped into the Kandahar governor's compound, setting off a fierce gunbattle that left two security guards and both attackers dead. A roadside bomb killed 10 Afghan security forces in eastern Wardak province.
    (AP, 4/28/12)

2012        Apr 29, In eastern Afghanistan a buried bomb killed two children who triggered the explosive when they were playing outside near their village in Paktika province.
    (AFP, 4/30/12)

2012        Apr 30, In Afghanistan a NATO service member was killed in an insurgent attack in the south. 4 children died during an exchange of fire between Taliban insurgents and ISAF and Afghan security forces in Shahjoy, Zabul province. In Laghman province an Afghan-led and coalition supported security force conducted an operation to detain a Taliban leader today. 2 young men were reported killed.
    (AP, 4/30/12)(AFP, 5/1/12)

2012        May 1, Pres. Barack Obama made a surprise visit to Afghanistan, the eve of the one-year anniversary of the assassination of Osama bin Laden. In a swift and secretive trip Obama signed an agreement vowing long-term ties with Afghanistan after America's combat forces come home.
    (AP, 5/1/12)

2012        May 2, In Afghanistan 7 people were killed after attackers in burqas detonated a suicide car bomb and clashed with guards at the "Green Village" complex of guesthouses used by the EU in Kabul. The Taliban militia announced they would launch their annual "spring offensive," code-named Al-Farouq, across Afghanistan on May 3.
    (AFP, 5/2/12)

2012        May 3, In Afghanistan six Taliban militants were killed and two others wounded in eastern Paktya province when the roadside bomb they were building in a mosque exploded. Four of those killed were foreign fighters. The Afghan intelligence agency arrested a Pakistani citizen driving a truck in Kabul packed with explosives.
    (AP, 5/3/12)

2012        May 4, In southern Afghanistan two NATO coalition service members were killed in an insurgent attack. A remote-controlled roadside bomb killed five border police in Nangarhar province near the border with Pakistan.
    (AP, 5/4/12)(AP, 5/5/12)

2012        May 6, In Afghanistan a soldier with NATO's US-led coalition was killed by a man in Afghan army uniform, in the latest so-called "green-on-blue" attack. The individual who opened fire was killed when coalition forces returned fire. ISAF announced that one coalition service member died in a roadside bomb attack in the east of the country. 4 gunmen took over a tall building in Paktika province and started shooting down into surrounding government compounds, wounding one civilian before security forces killed them.
    (AFP, 5/6/12)(AP, 5/10/12)
2012        May 6, In northern Afghanistan a flash flood swept through a village, killing 21 people, many of them members of a wedding party in Dhy Marda village in Sari Pul province. Floods overnight in two other districts in the province killed three people.
    (AFP, 5/7/12)

2012        May 7, In eastern Afghanistan 3 soldiers serving with international coalition forces were killed in a bomb attack.
    (AP, 5/7/12)

2012        May 8, In Afghanistan Taliban insurgents ambushed a convoy of education officials in Paktika province. 5 officials were killed and 3 others wounded.
    (SFC, 5/9/12, p.A2)

2012        May 10, In Afghanistan 6 suicide attackers wearing police uniforms killed five people when they were caught trying to sneak through a checkpoint in Paktika province's Yayakhil district. 4 attackers detonated their explosives-rigged suicide vests and 2 were shot and killed.
    (AP, 5/10/12)

2012        May 11, In Afghanistan a man wearing an Afghan army uniform shot dead a US service member in Kunar province. The Taliban took credit for the attack. NATO said a second service member died following an insurgent attack in southern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 5/11/12)
2012        May 11, In northern Afghanistan a flash flood swept through villages in a mountainous area, killing at least 17 people in Takhar province.
    (AP, 5/11/12)

2012        May 12, In Afghanistan insurgent attacks killed three NATO troops, while a fourth died of non-battle related injuries. A roadside bomb in the northwest killed four Afghan policemen. Two members of the Afghan police opened fire on British soldiers who were mentoring them in Lashkar Gah, killing two. One of the gunmen was killed and the other escaped.
    (AP, 5/12/12)(Reuters, 5/13/12)

2012        May 13, In Afghanistan Arsala Rahmani, a former Taliban minister, senior Afghan peace negotiator and close ally of President Hamid Karzai, was shot dead, dealing a major blow to Kabul's efforts to broker peace with Taliban insurgents. The radical Mullah Dadullah Front later claimed responsibility.
    (AFP, 5/13/12)(SSFC, 5/20/12, p.A9)

2012        May 14, In Afghanistan remotely-detonated bomb ripped through a bazaar in Faryab province, killing seven civilians, including provincial councilor Amanullah Shahabzai, and injuring eight other people.
    (AFP, 5/14/12)(SFC, 5/15/12, p.A3)

2012        May 16, Australia said it will contribute $100 million annually for three years beginning in 2015 toward the $4 billion a year cost of running the Afghan National Security Forces after they take responsibility for their country's security.
    (AP, 5/16/12)

2012        May 17, In southwest Afghanistan gunmen dressed in Afghan police uniforms and wearing suicide vests stormed a government compound in Farah, killing 7 people and wounding 12 others.
    (AFP, 5/17/12)

2012        May 18, In Afghanistan rockets crashed into a US base and a house in a remote area of the northeast, killing two NATO service members and three civilians in Kunar province. A NATO airstrike killed 8 militants in Sayd Abad district of Wardak province. In the west, three members of the Afghan security forces, two soldiers and an intelligence official, and 11 militants were killed in a gunbattle in Farah province.
    (AP, 5/18/12)
2012        May 18, In Afghanistan Lal Bibi (18) was abducted, chained to a wall, sexually assaulted and beaten for five days. She later said she was raped because her cousin offended a family linked to a local militia commander, who then had his men abduct her. A policeman said a mullah had married them just before intercourse.
    (http://tinyurl.com/7tunl8o)(SFC, 6/28/12, p.A4)
2012        May 18, French Pres. Francois Hollande, on his first visit to the Oval Office, told Pres. Obama that he will withdraw all French troops from Afghanistan by year’s end.
    (SFC, 5/19/12, p.A2)

2012        May 19, In southeast Afghanistan a suicide bomber in Khost province struck at a lunch gathering of Afghan police and local civilians killing at least 13 people, 3 of them policemen.
    (AFP, 5/19/12)
2012        May 19, In northern Afghanistan flood waters ravaged a provincial capital, killing at least 19 people and destroying hundreds of homes. About 60 other people were missing.
    (AFP, 5/20/12)

2012        May 20, In southern Afghanistan 2 NATO soldiers were killed in an attack as alliance leaders gathered in Chicago for a summit dominated by plans to pull troops out of the Afghan war. 2 children also died and several civilians were wounded as a suicide bomber targeted a NATO convoy in Tirin Kot, capital of southern Uruzgan province.
    (AFP, 5/20/12)

2012        May 22, In northeast Afghanistan 2 foreign doctors and their 3 Afghan colleagues were kidnapped in a remote area of Badakhshan province. Officials said one managed to escape and alerted authorities.
    (AP, 5/23/12)(SFC, 5/24/12, p.A2)

2012        May 23, In Afghanistan five insurgents were arrested before they carried out a suicide attack along a main road leading to the Kabul’s international airport.
    (AP, 5/23/12)

2012        May 26, Afghanistan's parliament approved a strategic partnership agreement with the United States.
    (AP, 5/26/12)
2012        May 25, French President Francois Hollande for the first time provided details of his plan to pull France's combat troops out of Afghanistan by the end of the year, saying he would leave around 1,400 soldiers behind to help with training and logistics.
    (AP, 5/26/12)

2012        May 26, Afghanistan's parliament approved a strategic partnership agreement with the United States. A NATO night airstrike reportedly killed 8 members of a family in Paktia province. A NATO official the next day said that so far, there was no evidence of any civilian casualties. 4 NATO coalition service members were killed in separate bomb attacks in the south. Captain Stephen James Healey became the 415th British serviceperson to die since the military mission in Afghanistan started in 2001.
    (AP, 5/26/12)(AP, 5/27/12)(AFP, 5/27/12)(AFP, 5/28/12)

2012        May 27, In eastern Afghanistan a NATO coalition service member died in a roadside bomb. Two civilians were killed when their vehicle struck a roadside bomb in Marjah district of Helmand province. Al-Qaeda's 2nd in command in Afghanistan was killed in an air strike in Kunar province. Saudi-born Sakhr al-Taifi (aka Mushtaq and Nasim) had commanded foreign fighters and directed attacks on NATO and Afghan troops.
    (AP, 5/27/12)(AFP, 5/29/12)

2012        May 28, In eastern Afghanistan a helicopter crash killed two NATO service members. An insurgent attack in the south killed a NATO service member. Gunmen killed a member of the community council in southern Helmand province's Sangin district. A roadside bomb killed seven people in northeastern Baghlan province.
    (AP, 5/28/12)

2012        May 29, In Afghanistan Taliban attacked a hilltop police post in northern Badakhshan province's Warduj district, triggering heavy fighting that killed eight policemen and six militants.
    (AP, 5/30/12)

2012        May 30, In southern Afghanistan an insurgent attack and a homemade bomb killed two NATO service members. 3 district government employees were killed by a roadside bomb as they were traveling to work in eastern Nangarhar province's Deh Bala district.
    (AP, 5/30/12)

2012        May 31, In southern Afghanistan a suicide bomber detonated a vehicle full of explosives outside a district police headquarters, killing five policemen in Kandahar province. A homemade bomb killed a member of the US-led NATO force. A pair of attacks killed five policemen in Kunduz and Nangarhar provinces.
    (AP, 5/31/12)

2012        May, In Afghanistan the film "Kabul I Love You," got a warm reception when it was screened at the French cultural center in Kabul. It was funded by the UN mission in Afghanistan, UNAMA, as a means of giving the country's cinema a boost.
    (AFP, 7/26/12)

2012        Jun 1, In Afghanistan a suicide attacker rammed a truck packed with explosives into an outer security checkpost of NATO’s Forward Operating Base Salerno, killing up 14 militants in Khost province. A British soldier was shot dead while on patrol in Helmand province.
    (AFP, 6/1/12)(AFP, 6/2/12)(SFC, 6/2/12, p.A2)

2012        Jun 2, In Afghanistan NATO special forces rescued two foreign women and killed five kidnappers in a "breath-taking" pre-dawn raid on a cave in the remote and mountainous Badakhshan province. Two Afghan colleagues kidnapped with them on May 22 were also freed unharmed.
    (AFP, 6/2/12)

2012        Jun 3, In Afghanistan British forces recovered a kidnapped policeman, but one of their soldiers was killed and another wounded in Helmand province.
    (AP, 6/4/12)

2012        Jun 4, NATO concluded agreements with Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan to allow it to evacuate military equipment from Afghanistan and completely bypass Pakistan.
    (SFC, 6/5/12, p.A2)

2012        Jun 5, In Afghanistan two separate roadside bomb blasts killed five people. This included four policemen killed in Wardak province and a civilian in Ghazni province.
    (AFP, 6/5/12)

2012        Jun 6, In Afghanistan 3 suicide attackers blew themselves up in Kandahar city, killing 22 people and wounding at least 50 others in a dusty marketplace. Afghan officials and residents said a pre-dawn NATO airstrike targeting militants killed 18 people celebrating a wedding, including women and children. A NATO forces spokesman said they had no reports of civilians being killed in the overnight raid to capture a local Taliban leader in Logar province. Provincial Police Chief Gen. Ghulam Sakhi Roogh Lawanay said there was no wedding party. He said the gathering was a meeting of Taliban commanders in the province. Villagers displayed 18 bodies at the provincial capital, including 5 women, 7 children and 6 men. 2 NATO service members were killed in a helicopter crash in Ghazni province.
    (AP, 6/6/12)(AP, 6/7/12)
2012        Jun 6, The Afghan government accused the Taliban of poisoning schoolgirls by bribing students and workers to sneak toxic chemicals into drinking water or spread it around school grounds, sickening scores. 15 suspects have been arrested. National Directorate of Security spokesman Lutfullah Mashal accused Pakistani spies of poisoning the schoolgirls. In July a UN agency expressed concern that torture may have been used to extract confessions over the alleged serial poisoning, which experts say is more likely to be mass hysteria.
    (AP, 6/6/12)(AFP, 6/6/12)(AFP, 7/10/12)

2012        Jun 7, In northern Afghanistan a bomb was detonated on the outside of one of the prison walls in Sar-e-Pul province and 32 prisoners, including criminals and members of the Taliban, escaped through the rubble. Inmates reportedly made the bomb inside the compound and blew up a prison tower. 18 were soon re-captured and 14 remained at large.
    (AP, 6/8/12)(AFP, 6/9/12)
2012        Jun 7, Chinese President Hu Jintao announced an SCO plan whereby China, Russia and four Central Asian states would grant Afghanistan observer status in their regional group. This was announced at the Shanghai Cooperation Organization's annual summit in Beijing.
    (AP, 6/7/12)

2012        Jun 8, In Afghanistan NATO commander General John Allen flew to Logar province "to see local leaders and the population to apologize and offer condolences to the families," of those killed in a June 6 airstrike.
    (AFP, 6/8/12)

2012        Jun 9, The Afghan government sacked five officials for "negligence" after 32 prisoners, including members of the Taliban, escaped on June 7 when gunmen attacked a jail. A suspected Taliban suicide bomber wearing a burqa killed 4 French soldiers and wounded five others in an attack on a convoy of NATO-led troops in Kapisa province.
    (AFP, 6/9/12)

2012        Jun 11, In northern Afghanistan an ambulance struck a roadside bomb while rushing a pregnant woman and her family to a hospital, killing four of her family members. The woman delivered her baby a few hours later. Earlier today two women and two children were killed in the east when a mortar fired by insurgents hit their home in Ghazni province. NATO said it is limiting airstrikes against houses to self-defense for troops, following a strike last week that killed women and children alongside insurgents.
    (AP, 6/11/12)(SFC, 6/12/12, p.A2)
2012        Jun 11, In Afghanistan 2 shallow earthquakes less than half an hour apart shook the mountainous Hindu Kush region, starting a slide of debris that smashed into a remote village, burying mudbrick houses to a depth of up to 100 meters. Over 70 people were feared killed.
    (AFP, 6/12/12)

2012        Jun 12, Afghanistan Pres. Karzai declared that NATO aircraft can no longer fire at homes under any circumstances. Taliban bomb attacks killed at least eight people, including women and children in Balkh and Wardak provinces.
    (SFC, 6/13/12, p.A2)(AFP, 6/12/12)

2012        Jun 14, In Afghanistan neighbors and regional heavyweights met in Kabul to try to tackle common threats and problems together. The one-day conference included Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, China, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, United Arab Emirates and Uzbekistan. Representatives of 15 other countries, most of them Western, and a dozen regional and international organizations were also attending. 3 border police officers were killed when their truck hit a roadside bomb in Nangarhar province. An officer with the national intelligence service was killed in a suicide bombing in Kunar province.
    (AP, 6/14/12)
2012        Jun 14, Britain’s Ministry of Defense said a British soldier has been killed in a grenade attack in southern Afghanistan. This brought to 418 the number of British troops killed since operations in Afghanistan began in October 2001.
    (AFP, 6/14/12)

2012        Jun 18, In southern Afghanistan individuals dressed in Afghan police uniforms turned their guns on their US partners, leaving one American service member dead and nine other US troops injured.
    (AP, 6/19/12)

2012        Jun 19, In southern Afghanistan militants stormed a NATO military base in Kandahar province. All 7 attackers were reported killed. 3 policemen were killed and 9 others were injured during an hour-long gun battle that ensued after militants attacked a police checkpoint in Kandahar City. 8 civilians died in a roadside bomb explosion in Helmand province.
    (AP, 6/19/12)

2012        Jun 20, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide bomber attacked US and Afghan forces at a checkpoint in Khost, killing 21 people, including 3 US soldiers. In Logar province 7 civilians, including 3 women and 4 children, were killed by a roadside bomb.
    (AP, 6/20/12)

2012        Jun 22, In Afghan a 12-hour long rampage ended after heavily armed insurgents stormed into the Spozhmai hotel at Qargha Lake north of Kabul and opened fire on guests inside, killing 18 people, most civilians. Police said 5 Taliban attackers were shot and killed. 2 NATO service members were killed by insurgents in the south.
    (AP, 6/22/12)

2012        Jun 23, Afghan Pres. Karzai called for subjects such as medicine and engineering to be taught in international languages such as English or German, and invited foreign institutions to come and fund Afghan faculties. One NATO service member died in an insurgent attack and another in a bomb blast. Authorities said flash floods in the north have killed at least 37 people.
    (AP, 6/24/12)(AFP, 6/24/12)(SSFC, 6/24/12, p.A4)

2012        Jun 24, In Afghanistan  2 NATO service members died in a traffic accident in the south.
    (AP, 6/24/12)

2012        Jun 26, In Afghanistan a militants' ambush killed 4 police on patrol in Herat province.
    (AFP, 6/27/12)

2012        Jun 27, In Afghanistan 4 policemen were killed in the Musa Qala district of Helmand province when a roadside bomb they were trying to defuse exploded. Another roadside blast killed two policemen and wounded two others in Kunduz province.
    (AFP, 6/27/12)

2012        Jun 29, In eastern Afghanistan suicide bombers blew themselves up at the gate of a government compound, opening the way for armed insurgents to storm the facility and touching off an hours-long gunbattle that left 10 people dead in Nuristan province. The dead included 4 women, 3 policemen and 3 members of a government-sponsored militia. The gunfight finally ended when the last of 17 militants were killed in the late afternoon. Four children, aged between six and ten, found an "unexploded ordnance" in Pajwayi district of Kandahar province and brought it home. They were playing with it when it exploded killing all four.
    (AP, 6/29/12)(AFP, 6/30/12)
2012        Jun 29, The IMF said Afghanistan has made progress on structural reforms despite a difficult environment, as it approved the release of $18.2 million in new funds under its loan program.
    (AFP, 6/29/12)

2012        Jun 30, In Afghanistan an explosive strapped to a bicycle went off near a Kabul Bank branch in Gardez killing 2 policemen.
    (AP, 6/30/12)

2012        Jul 1, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed five civilians, including women and children, riding in a bus near Ghazni city. Another 11 were wounded. 3 British soldiers were shot dead by a man in Afghan police uniform at a checkpoint in Nahr-e-Saraj in Helmand province, where they were meeting local elders.
    (AP, 7/1/12)(AFP, 7/2/12)
2012        Jul 1, In Pakistan US missiles fired from a drone in North Waziristan killed eight suspected militants. The latest attack killed fighters loyal to militant commander Hafiz Gul Bahadur. Dozens of militants based in Afghanistan attacked a checkpost in Upper Dir, a district in the government-controlled part of Pakistan, for the second time in eight days. 6 militants were reported killed.
    (AP, 7/1/12)(AFP, 7/2/12)

2012        Jul 2, In Afghanistan a suicide car bomber killed 7 people and wounded 23 near Kandahar University. Logar province spokesman Din Mohammad Darwesh said NATO forces were on a foot patrol in Charkh district when they came under fire from insurgents. He said they called in an airstrike and the bombardment killed three shopkeepers.
    (AP, 7/2/12)
2012        Jul 2, Pakistani officials accused up to 60 Afghan soldiers of crossing into Pakistani territory and sparking clashes that killed two tribesman in Upper Kurram district.
    (AFP, 7/2/12)

2012        Jul 3, A man in Afghan army uniform opened fire on NATO soldiers at a military base near Kabul, wounding five. The attacker fled the area.
    (AFP, 7/4/12)

2012        Jul 4, In Afghanistan the French military handed over Kapisa province to local forces, completing an important stage in France's accelerated withdrawal from the war-torn country.
    (AFP, 7/4/12)

2012        Jul 5, The first trucks supplying NATO troops in Afghanistan crossed the border from Pakistan after Islamabad ended a 7-month blockade. 560,000 rupees ($6,000) compensation per vehicle would be paid to the truck owners by NATO subcontractors.
    (AFP, 7/5/12)(AFP, 7/6/12)

2012        Jul 6, In Afghanistan a bomb blast killed three children and wounded two others in the Gereshk district of Helmand province.
    (AFP, 7/7/12)

2012        Jul 7, The Obama administration declared Afghanistan the United States' newest "major non-NATO ally," an action designed to facilitate close defense cooperation after US combat troops withdraw from the country in 2014. Afghanistan was the 15th such country to receive the designation.
    (AP, 7/7/12)
2012        Jul 7, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb ripped through a pickup truck in the Chora district of Uruzgan province killing six people. Another bomb exploded in the Gereshk district of Helmand province, killing one child and wounding another. A rocket attack targeting the governor's office in Farah province killed one civilian and wounded 26 others. A NATO service member was killed in southern Afghanistan in a roadside bomb explosion.
    (AFP, 7/7/12)(AP, 7/8/12)
2012        Jul 7, A video obtained by Reuters showed a man shooting dead a woman accused of adultery in front of a crowd near Kabul. Provincial Governor Basir Salangi said the video was shot a week ago in the village of Qimchok in Shinwari district. Salangi said two Taliban commanders were sexually involved with the woman, either through rape or romantically, and decided to torture her and then kill her to settle a dispute between the two of them.
    (Reuters, 7/7/12)

2012        Jul 8, In Afghanistan roadside bombs killed 18 civilians, including 7 women, traveling in three vehicles in southern Kandahar province close to the Pakistan border. A NATO service member was killed in southern Afghanistan during an insurgent attack. 5 Afghan policemen were killed while responding to a gun battle being waged against insurgents at a checkpoint in the Musa Qala district of Helmand province. 6 Americans were killed when their armored vehicle struck a bomb planted in Wardak province.
    (AFP, 7/8/12)(AP, 7/8/12)(AP, 7/9/12)
2012        Jul 8, Donor nations meeting in Tokyo pledged $16 billion for Afghanistan to prevent the country from sliding back into turmoil when foreign combat troops depart, but called on Kabul to implement reforms to fight graft. The conference hosted representatives from about 80 nations and international organizations in a gathering aimed at adopting the "Tokyo Declaration," pledging support and cash.
    (AFP, 7/8/12)

2012        Jul 9, Afghan suicide bombers in Kandahar city killed 2 children and wounded 6 others, when their explosive vests detonated prematurely as they went to attack police. 3 insurgents were killed after they launched an attack on Kandahar city police headquarters. A suicide bomber on a bicycle tried to attack a police vehicle in Shibirghan, the capital of Jawzjan province. The explosive-laden bicycle detonated before reaching its target and wounded 24 civilians and 2 police. Gunmen assassinated a chief prosecutor in Ghazni province.
    (AFP, 7/9/12)(AP, 7/9/12)

2012        Jul 12, In Pakistan dozens of militants coming from Afghanistan took scores of villagers hostage in the northwest Bajur tribal area, sparking fighting that killed at least 10 people. Pakistani Taliban spokesman Ahsanullah Ahsan claimed responsibility for the attack, saying it was revenge for police torture of their fighters in prison. The militants fled that night leaving their hostages behind. Gunmen in Lahore shot dead nine Pakistani police prison staff as they slept. Pakistan's main umbrella Taliban faction claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 7/12/12)(AFP, 7/12/12)(AP, 7/13/12)

2012        Jul 13, In western Afghanistan, Abdul Salam Rahimi, the mayor of Shindand district in Herat province, was assassinated by two gunmen on a motorbike. A civilian, who was wounded in the shooting, later died at a hospital. The Laghman provincial women's affairs director, Hanifa Safi, was killed when a bomb attached to her vehicle exploded, critically wounding her husband and daughter.
    (AP, 7/14/12)(AFP, 7/15/12)

2012        Jul 14, In northern Afghanistan a suicide bomber blew himself up in a wedding hall. 23 people were killed including Ahmad Khan Samangani, a prominent warlord-turned-politician who was greeting wedding guests, and three security officials in Aybak, the capital of Samangan province. 2 NATO service members were killed in eastern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 7/14/12)(AFP, 7/15/12)(AP, 7/17/12)

2012        Jul 16, Afghan soldier Abdul Sabor was sentenced to death for killing four French troops on Jan 20, 2012, in eastern Afghanistan. Insurgents twice ambushed the convoy of Nuristan provincial Gov. Tamim Nuristani, but he escaped unharmed both times. One policeman was killed in the 2nd ambush. A magnetic bomb attached to the vehicle of the chief of Khan Abad district of Kunar province exploded, killing one policeman and wounding eight civilians.
    (AP, 7/17/12)

2012        Jul 17, Two Afghan police and three civilians were killed when their vehicle hit a roadside bomb in Bati Kot district of eastern Nangarhar province. 9 Afghan soldiers were killed in an attack by Taliban insurgents on an army post in Helmand province.
    (AP, 7/17/12)(AFP, 7/18/12)

2012        Jul 18, In northern Afghanistan a Taliban bomb attack in Samangan province destroyed 22 fuel tankers carrying supplies for NATO forces. 2 NATO soldiers were killed in an improvised bomb attack in eastern Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 7/18/12)

2012        Jul 19, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed a district police chief and four other policemen in Uruzgan province.
    (AP, 7/20/12)

2012        Jul 21, In eastern Afghanistan a NATO service member died in an insurgent attack. Taliban insurgents whipped two men 40 times in public in a village south of Kabul after accusing them of attempting to kidnap a young boy for ransom.
    (AFP, 7/22/12)
2012        Jul 21, Nearly 400 rockets and shells were fired into Afghanistan and killed at least four people in Dangam district along the border with Pakistan.
    (AP, 7/22/12)

2012        Jul 22, In Afghanistan roadside bombs killed 2 NATO service members in the east and 2 more in the south. NATO said that it killed a number of insurgents with an airstrike in the Mohammad Agha district of eastern Logar province. The bodies of 5 kidnapped Afghan men, working a base joint operated by Afghan and NATO forces, were discovered in Wardak province. An Afghan policeman killed 3 civilian contractors, 2 Americans and a British citizen, working for NATO in Herat province.
    (AP, 7/22/12)(AFP, 7/23/12)(SFC, 7/23/12, p.A2)(SFC, 7/24/12, p.A2)

2012        Jul 23, An Afghan army soldier turned his gun on his NATO colleagues injuring two US troops in Faryab province. Gunmen killed 3 people in an ambush on a van in northern Parvan province, including an American electrical engineer who had lived in the country for decades.
    (AFP, 7/23/12)(AP, 7/24/12)

2012        Jul 24, In Afghanistan at least six children were killed after a bomb exploded in the central Ghor province.
    (AFP, 7/24/12)

2012        Jul 26, Afghan President Hamid Karzai, who is under pressure from the international community to do more to battle corruption, issued an ambitious list of government reforms that orders his ministries, prosecutors and judiciary to fight bribery, nepotism and cronyism. A bomb in the south killed 2 NATO service members.
    (AP, 7/27/12)(SFC, 7/27/12, p.A2)

2012        Jul 28, In Afghanistan two NATO service members were killed in an insurgent attack in the east of the country.
    (AP, 7/28/12)

2012        Jul 31, In eastern Afghanistan insurgents pulled four civilians off a minibus, shot them and left their bodies on the side of the road.
    (AP, 8/1/12)
2012        Jul 31, Pakistan signed a deal with the United States allowing NATO convoys to travel into Afghanistan until the end of 2015, seeking to draw a line under a 7-month border blockade.
    (AFP, 7/31/12)

2012        Aug 2, In Afghanistan five insurgents linked to the Haqqani network were killed in a pre-dawn gunbattle in an area of Kabul home to Western embassies.
    (AFP, 8/2/12)

2012        Aug 3, In Afghanistan a remote-controlled bomb in a busy market killed two policemen and one civilian in the country's northwest. Officials looked for a member of a government-backed village defense force suspected of killing 11 civilians at a house in Uruzgan province.
    (AP, 8/3/12)(AP, 8/4/12)

2012        Aug 4, The Afghan parliament voted to dismiss the country's defense and interior ministers, a move that threatens to throw the country's security apparatus into confusion as foreign forces withdraw. Two New Zealand soldiers were killed and six wounded in a battle in Bamiyan province.
    (AP, 8/4/12)(AFP, 8/5/12)

2012        Aug 5, In Afghanistan NATO forces killed Sher Mohammad Hakimi, a leader of the Haqqani insurgent group, in an airstrike in Logar province.
    (AP, 8/6/12)

2012        Aug 6, In Afghanistan a bomb strapped to a donkey by Taliban insurgents killed a district police chief and wounded three others in Charsada, Ghor province.
    (AFP, 8/7/12)

2012        Aug 7, In Afghanistan an American soldier was killed when two individuals wearing Afghan National Army uniforms turned their weapons against ISAF service members in Paktia province. 9 civilians were killed in a roadside bomb explosion on the outskirts of Kabul. A suicide truck bomb attack was launched against a NATO base south of the capital. A French soldier and around 10 Taliban fighters were killed in an early morning ambush and subsequent firefight during a joint operation with the Afghan army in Kapisa province near Kabul.
    (AFP, 8/7/12)(AFP, 8/10/12)

2012        Aug 8, In eastern Afghanistan two suicide attackers hit a NATO patrol, killing 3 American coalition service members and USAID foreign service officer Ragaei Abdelfattah. Afghan officials added that a civilian was also killed in the bombing in Kunar province. On Nov 12, 2015, Army Captain Florent Groberg (32) was awarded the US Medal of Honor for tackling a suicide bomber and saving members of his patrol.
    (AP, 8/8/12)(AP, 8/10/12)(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Florent_Groberg)

2012        Aug 9, An Afghan soldier turned his weapon on NATO allies in Laghman province. No ISAF soldiers were killed as they returned fire, killing the attacker.
    (AFP, 8/9/12)

2012        Aug 10, In southern Afghanistan two Afghans, including a policeman, shot and killed six US service members in separate attacks in Helmand province. Elsewhere in Helmand province six Afghan civilians were killed when their car hit a roadside bomb.
    (AP, 8/10/12)(AP, 8/11/12)

2012        Aug 11, In southwestern Afghanistan a member of the Afghan National Police opened fire at his colleagues at a checkpoint in Nimroz province, killing 11 of his fellow policemen before being killed in an ensuing gunbattle. A Taliban attack on a police checkpoint sparked a gunbattle that left two police officers and two Afghan civilians dead in Kandahar province. Security forces arrested 4 Afghans and a Pakistani in Kabul, foiling an insurgent plot.
    (AP, 8/11/12)(AP, 8/12/12)(SFC, 8/13/12, p.A3)(AP, 8/14/12)

2012        Aug 12, In eastern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed district government chief Faridullah Niazi and three of his bodyguards in Laghman province.
    (AP, 8/12/12)

2012        Aug 13, In Afghanistan a remote-controlled roadside bomb exploded killing 5 people, including provincial peace councilor Mohammad Hashim and Abdul Aziz, the mayor of Ishkamesh district, Takhar province. Insurgent gunmen also attacked the convoy of the same district's police chief and chief administrator, sparking a battle on the road. 2 Taliban gunmen were killed in the fighting and another was captured. An Afghan policeman opened fire on NATO forces and Afghan soldiers in Nangarhar province in the fifth attack reported in a week by Afghan security forces on their international partners. No coalition service members were killed. At least one Afghan intelligence agent was wounded and the shooter escaped.
    (AP, 8/13/12)

2012        Aug 14, In Afghanistan suicide attacks involving as many as 14 bombers killed at least 27 people in Nimroz province. Police killed and captured several of them. A separate market bombing in Kunduz province, killed 10 people, including five children. In the east a car hit a roadside bomb killing 4 children in Paktika province. The day’s death toll reached 50 including 11 police and 39 civilians. At least 110 people were wounded in all the attacks.
    (AP, 8/14/12)(AP, 8/15/12)

2012        Aug 15, In eastern Afghanistan 2 grenades exploded inside a mosque compound during morning prayers in Khost province, wounding at least 9 worshippers.
    (AP, 8/15/12)

2012        Aug 16, In Afghanistan Taliban fighters reportedly shot down a NATO helicopter during a firefight in Kandahar province. 11 people were killed in the crash, including 7 Americans and 4 Afghans. An Afghan army vehicle hit a roadside bomb in Baghlan province, killing 3 Afghan soldiers and wounding 3 others.
    (AP, 8/16/12)(SFC, 8/17/12, p.A3)

2012        Aug 17, Two Afghan security personnel opened fire on Western colleagues, killing two US soldiers and causing a number of other casualties in two separate attacks in Farah province. The attacker was shot and killed. Hours later ISAF confirmed that "a number" of foreign and Afghan soldiers were shot and wounded by an Afghan soldier in the southern province of Kandahar. A British died as a result of enemy action while on sentry duty in the Nahri Saraj district of Helmand province.
    (AFP, 8/17/12)(AP, 8/18/12)

2012        Aug 18, In Afghanistan a bomb in a busy market killed four people in the western province of Herat. The director of a prison in Helmand province's Grish district, Mohammad Ismail, died when a bomb attached to his car exploded.
    (AP, 8/18/12)

2012        Aug 19, In Afghanistan attackers killed two pairs of brothers in Helmand and Farah provinces with links to the government. NATO reported 3 service members killed in the east. An airstrike by coalition forces in the northeast killed as many as 50 Taliban fighters and a local insurgent leader in Kunar province. 2 Afghan policemen turned their weapons on US troops in Kandahar province, killing an American service member. One of the attackers was killed when the troops returned fire and the other escaped.
    (AP, 8/19/12)(AP, 8/20/12)

2012        Aug 20, In Afghanistan three Afghans from a politically connected family were killed when their car struck a roadside bomb in the eastern province of Paktia.
    (AP, 8/20/12)

2012        Aug 23, In eastern Afghanistan insurgents kidnapped three Afghan soldiers and another man from a bus and killed all four in Paktia province. 6 civilians were killed when their vehicle hit a roadside bomb as they traveled in the southern province of Kandahar.
    (AP, 8/24/12)

2012        Aug 24, A NATO strike in Afghanistan's eastern Kunar province killed Mullah Dadullah, the self-proclaimed Taliban leader in Pakistan's Bajur tribal area. Pakistani intelligence officials said Dadullah and 19 others were killed in the attack.
    (AP, 8/25/12)

2012        Aug 26, In Afghan insurgents attacked a large party in a Taliban-controlled area of Helmand province and beheaded 17 people. 10 Afghan soldiers were killed in an attack on a checkpoint in the south, and five were either kidnapped or joined their assailants. In Ghor province in the east, officials said three students were killed in what looked like a revenge killing by the family of a Taliban commander who died recently in an explosion.
    (AP, 8/27/12)
2012        Aug 26, In northwest Pakistan dozens of militants from Afghanistan attacked an anti-Taliban militia post in the Bajur tribal area for the third day, sparking fighting that killed one soldier and 20 militants. Locals and officials said thousands of people have fled North Waziristan in recent days, fearing a military offensive against Islamist militants.
    (AP, 8/26/12)(AFP, 8/26/12)

2012        Aug 27, In Afghanistan 2 American soldiers were shot and killed by one of their Afghan colleagues in Laghman province. A NATO helicopter crashed in Logar province, but NATO said no one was killed.
    (AP, 8/27/12)(AP, 8/28/12)

2012        Aug 28, Afghan authorities said a "massive" suicide truck bombing in Kandahar city killed four civilians and wounded the provincial police chief overnight.
    (AFP, 8/28/12)

2012        Aug 29, In Afghanistan five Australian soldiers were killed, three when an Afghan soldier turned his gun on them inside a base in Uruzgan province and two from a helicopter crash. A rocket hit a civilian house in Logar province and killed one woman inside. A 12-year-old boy was kidnapped and killed in southern Kandahar province, his severed head placed near his body to send a warning to police.
    (AP, 8/30/12)(Reuters, 8/31/12)

2012        Aug 30, In Afghanistan insurgent rockets killed five civilians while they were waiting on the side of a road for a bus in Logar province. A 6-year-old girl was beheaded in eastern Kapisa province.
    (AFP, 8/30/12)(Reuters, 8/31/12)

2012        Aug 31, Afghan officials said that a 16-year-old boy accused by the Taliban of spying for the government was beheaded and skinned in late July.
    (Reuters, 8/31/12)

2012        Sep 1, In eastern Afghanistan 2 suicide attackers, one driving a fuel tanker, blew themselves up near a US base, killing at least 12 people in Wardak province. The dead included 8 civilians and 4 Afghan police. 2 US soldiers were killed in Ghazni province.
    (AP, 9/1/12)

2012        Sep 3, In Afghanistan the international military coalition said one of its service members has died in a bomb attack.
    (AP, 9/3/12)

2012        Sep 4, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide bomber killed at least 25 civilians and wounded another 30 at a funeral for a village elder in the village of Shagai in the Durbaba district of Nangarhar province.
    (AP, 9/4/12)
2012        Sep 4, The foreign ministers of Germany and Pakistan signed an agreement in which the two countries committed to a "strategic dialogue" on security issues, particularly regarding Afghanistan.
    (AP, 9/4/12)

2012        Sep 5, Afghanistan's Defense Ministry said it has detained or removed hundreds of soldiers from its military's ranks as part of an investigation into the backgrounds of its troops after a surge in insider attacks against foreign forces. NATO said two of its service members died in a helicopter crash in Logar province.
    (AP, 9/5/12)

2012        Sep 8, In Afghanistan a teenage suicide bomber blew himself up outside NATO headquarters in Kabul, killing at least six civilians in a strike that targeted the heart of the US-led military operation in the country. The Taliban claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 9/8/12)

2012        Sep 9, In western Afghanistan two bomb blasts near the governor's compound in Farah province killed a 12-year-old boy and wounded 16 other civilians. A NATO service member was killed by a roadside bomb in the south.
    (AP, 9/9/12)

2012        Sep 10, In Afghanistan US officials handed over formal control Bagram prison to Kabul. Some 99 percent of 3000 detainees captured before 9 March were transferred to Afghan authority. Shortly after the handover ceremony, a suicide bomber in the northern city of Kunduz killed 15 people and wounded another 25.
    (AP, 9/10/12)

2012        Sep 11, Afghan insurgents bombarded the US Bagram Air Field and destroyed a NATO helicopter, killing three Afghan intelligence employees. There were also NATO personnel aboard and wounded, the coalition said without providing further details. A teenage suicide bomber walked into a shop in Herat province and blew himself up, killing five people.
    (AP, 9/11/12)

2012        Sep 14, Hundreds of Afghans, some shouting "Death to America," burned the US flag and an effigy of President Barack Obama during a protest against an anti-Islam film outside the eastern city of Jalalabad. Heavily armed insurgents attacked the British Camp Bastion air base in Helmand province, killing two US Marines and wounding several other troops. 6 Harrier fighter jets were destroyed. 14 insurgents were killed.
    (AP, 9/14/12)(AP, 9/16/12)
2012        Sep 14, In eastern Afghanistan a bus and truck collided and burst into flames in Ghazni province, killing at least 51 people.
    (AP, 9/14/12)

2012        Sep 15, In southern Afghanistan a man believed to be a member of the Afghan local police turned his weapon on US-led coalition forces, killing two British soldiers in Helmand province.
    (AP, 9/15/12)(AP, 9/16/12)

2012        Sep 16, An Afghan police officer turned his gun on NATO troops at a remote checkpoint in the south of the country before dawn, killing four American troops. Airstrikes by NATO planes reportedly killed 8 women and girls in Laghman province. NATO forces said that the strike killed a large number of insurgents, as many as 45, but may have also killed civilians. Gen. John Allen ordered a temporary scaling back of joint operations with Afghan police and soldiers.
    (AP, 9/16/12)(Economist, 9/22/12, p.50)

2012        Sep 17, In Afghanistan hundreds of protesters  burned cars and threw rocks at a US military base in Kabul.
    (SFC, 9/18/12, p.A4)

2012        Sep 18, In Afghanistan a female suicide bomb attack on a minivan carrying foreign workers that killed 12 people. Afghan militants claimed responsibility saying it was retaliation for a film mocking the Prophet Mohammad.
    (Reuters, 9/18/12)

2012        Sep 20, US officials said the last of the US surge troops have left Afghanistan. This left 68,000 American forces still in the war zone.
    (SFC, 9/21/12, p.A2)

2012        Sep 22, NATO said a service member with the international military force in Afghanistan has been killed in an insurgent attack in the eastern part of the country.
    (AP, 9/22/12)

2012        Sep 26, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide attack on a NATO patrol killed two service members in the U.S.-led coalition in Logar province.
    (AP, 9/26/12)

2012        Sep 29, In western Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed two policemen in Herat province, just hours before a ceremony to hand a nearby police training academy over from NATO to Afghan control. An Afghan soldier turned his gun on American troops at a checkpoint in Wardak province, killing two Americans and at least two fellow members of Afghanistan's army. The shooting marked the 2,000th US troop death in the long-running war.
    (AP, 9/29/12)(AP, 9/30/12)

2012        Oct 1, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber driving a motorcycle packed with explosives rammed his bike into a joint Afghan-American patrol in Khost city, killing at least 14 people including three US troops and their translator.
    (AP, 10/1/12)

2012        Oct 6, In eastern Afghanistan insurgents killed two American troops in Wardak province, an area that has seen heavy fighting in recent months. An Afghan policeman was killed and another was wounded when a remote-controlled bomb planted on a motorbike was detonated in Sangin district of Helmand province. A roadside bomb killed another Afghan policeman in Kandahar city.
    (AP, 10/6/12)

2012        Oct 8, In Afghanistan a bomb hidden in a parked minibus exploded outside a government building, killing two Afghan intelligence officers in Lashkar Gah, Helmand province.
    (AP, 10/8/12)
2012        Oct 8, In Afghanistan Caitlan Coleman (27), an American woman disappeared with her Canadian husband, Josh. They were passing through Wardak while traveling from Ghazni province south of Kabul to the capital.
    (AP, 12/30/12)

2012        Oct 13, In southern Afghanistan 6 people, including 2 Americans, were killed an attack where a suicide bomber on a motorbike blew himself up at a local intelligence office in Kandahar province. The bomber wore a uniform of Afghanistan's National Directorate of Security, or NDS. A second attack killed two Afghan policemen and left three others wounded in Qalat, the capital of neighboring Zabul province. A NATO service member with the US-led coalition was killed in a roadside bombing in the south.
    (AP, 10/13/12)(AP, 10/16/12)

2012        Oct 14, Afghan counternarcotics police poured gasoline on more than 24 tons of narcotics and other illegal substances, then set the pile ablaze on the outskirts of Kabul.
    (AP, 10/14/12)

2012        Oct 15, Russia said it is appealing to the Afghan authorities and the public to provide information on some 265 Soviet troops — including 30-40 who may still be alive — listed as missing since Soviet forces ended their occupation of Afghanistan in 1989.
    (AP, 10/15/12)

2012        Oct 16, Afghanistan's security service denied claims that a suicide bomber who killed two American troops and four Afghans on Oct 13 was a member of the country's intelligence agency.
    (AP, 10/16/12)

2012        Oct 17, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide car bomber blew up his vehicle near the gate of a US-Afghan combat outpost, wounding 10 Afghan soldiers.
    (AP, 10/17/12)

2012        Oct 19, In northern Afghanistan an explosion from a roadside bomb tore into a minibus carrying people to a wedding, leaving 19 dead and 16 wounded. Separately six football fans died and 36 were injured when their bus collided with a fuel tanker on a narrow road about 400 km (240 miles) northwest of Kabul.
    (AP, 10/19/12)

2012        Oct 20, Afghan officials said an Afghan police officer and cook poisoned two colleagues at a checkpoint in an assault coordinated with insurgent fighters who killed 4 other officers in Helmand province. Another Taliban attack in Helmand killed two district community council members. A Taliban-fired rocket-propelled grenades destroyed a warehouse full of food destined for the Bagram US base.
    (AP, 10/20/12)

2012        Oct 21, In Afghanistan a NATO raid in Logar province reportedly killed four children.
    (AP, 10/23/12)

2012        Oct 22, In Afghanistan Taliban insurgents killed 10 Afghan troops in an ambush in western Herat province. Afghan police said a man in Herat has confessed to stabbing his wife to death to prevent her from taking a job outside the home.
    (AP, 10/23/12)(AP, 10/22/12)

2012        Oct 23, In Afghanistan an American service member was killed in an insurgent attack in the east.
    (AP, 10/23/12)

2012        Oct 24, In Afghanistan two British troops and an Afghan policeman were gunned down in Helmand province.
    (AP, 10/26/12)

2012        Oct 25, In Afghanistan a man in an Afghan police uniform shot and killed two American service members in Uruzgan province.
    (AP, 10/25/12)

2012        Oct 26, In northern Afghanistan a suicide bomber blew himself up outside a mosque, killing 41 people and wounding 23 in Maymana, Faryab province. Taliban militants pulled five Afghan civilians off a bus in Ghazni province and shot them dead.
    (AP, 10/26/12)(AP, 10/27/12)

2012        Oct 29, In Afghanistan a pre-dawn Afghan army and NATO raid in the eastern province of Ghazni killed four Taliban and three civilian bystanders.
    (AP, 10/29/12)

2012        Oct 30, In southern Afghanistan a man wearing an Afghan police uniform killed two NATO troops.
    (AP, 10/30/12)

2012        Nov 1, In southern Afghanistan a US service member was killed in an insurgent attack.
    (AP, 11/2/12)

2012        Nov 2, In Afghanistan 4 Afghan police officers were shot dead in southern Helmand province in an insider attack by their colleagues.
    (AP, 11/2/12)

2012        Nov 3, In Afghanistan Rahmatullah Khan, district police chief in Kandahar province, died while trying to reach a police outpost under Taliban attack.
    (AP, 11/3/12)

2012        Nov 8, In Afghanistan 10 civilians, including a child and four men, died as their vehicle struck a land mine in Helmand province. A suicide bomber on a motorcycle blew himself up amid a police patrol in Kandahar city, killing the 3 policemen and wounding two. 5 troops died when their convoy hit a land mine in Laghman province. 2 boys were killed by a roadside bomb in Zabul province.
    (AP, 11/8/12)

2012        Nov 9, In eastern Afghanistan a NATO service member was killed in an insurgent attack. Another died as a result of a non-battle related injury in the country's south.
    (AP, 11/9/12)

2012        Nov 11, In Afghanistan a gunman wearing an Afghan army uniform shot and killed a member of the US-led coalition forces in Helmand province. 11 Afghan civilians were killed by land mines in explosions in the east and south.
    (AP, 11/11/12)
 2012        Nov 11, Afghan forces of killed at least four Pakistani civilians in a cross-border shelling attack. Pakistani intelligence officials and a local resident put the death toll at five, four men and a child.
    (AP, 11/12/12)

2012        Nov 12, In Afghanistan an international military coalition service member was been killed in an insurgent attack in the country's east.
    (AP, 11/12/12)

2012        Nov 13, In Afghanistan at least four rockets were fired into Kabul, killing one man and injuring three other people.
    (AP, 11/13/12)

2012        Nov 14, Afghan police say Taliban insurgents have shot and killed two young Afghan men who were working as translators for NATO forces in Logar province.
    (AP, 11/14/12)
2012        Nov 14, Pakistan freed at least seven Taliban prisoners at the request of the Afghan government and agreed to free many more, in a move meant to help jumpstart a shaky peace process with the militant group in neighboring Afghanistan.
    (AP, 11/14/12)(SFC, 11/16/12, p.A3)

2012        Nov 16, In western Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed 17 civilians traveling to a wedding in Farah province. 2 service members with the US-led military coalition were killed by a roadside bomb in eastern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 11/16/12)

2012        Nov 19, A spokesman for Afghan Pres, Karzai told reporters that more than 70 detainees continue to be held by the Americans despite being ordered released by Afghan courts.
    (AP, 11/19/12)

2012        Nov 20, In western Afghanistan a bombing in Farah province killed, Noor Mohammad Jahani, a former Taliban commander who had left the insurgency two years ago and joined the Afghan police force.
    (AP, 11/20/12)
2012        Nov 20, In Afghanistan 8 prisoners were hanged. Pres. Karzai had signed off on the execution of 16 prisoners. The remaining 8 were executed the next day.
    (SFC, 11/21/12, p.A2)
2012        Nov 20, France ended its combat operations in Afghanistan, pulling hundreds of troops from a base in a volatile region northeast of Kabul and fulfilling promises to end its combat role on a faster track than other NATO allies.
    (AP, 11/20/12)
2012        Nov 20, A UN report said Afghan efforts to stamp out opium poppy cultivation are failing because of high prices for the illicit crop, pushing farmers to grow 18 percent more in 2012 than last year.
    (AP, 11/20/12)

2012        Nov 21, In Afghanistan two men wearing suicide vests blew themselves up near a US base in Kabul, killing two Afghan guards in the heart of a neighborhood filled with foreign forces and embassies.
    (AP, 11/21/12)
2012        Nov 21, In Afghanistan Sayid Mohammad (23), a farmer from Karim Dad village, was arrested by US Army A Team members. His footless body was found on May 21, 2013, near a former US Special Forces base in Wardak province.
    (SFC, 5/22/13, p.A3)

2012        Nov 23, In  eastern Afghanistan a Taliban suicide bomber detonated a truck full of explosives, killing three Afghan civilians and wounding more than 90 people, including several Afghan and NATO troops in Maidan Shahr, Wardak province. Police in Kabul were reported to have arrested two men with four explosive vests.
    (AP, 11/23/12)

2012        Nov 24, In Afghanistan a fight between Shiite and Sunni students broke out at Kabul Univ. killing one student and injuring six others. Classes were postponed for 10 days.
    (AP, 11/24/12)

2012        Nov 26, In eastern Afghanistan several thousand university students demonstrated to denounce Israel's recent offensive in the Gaza Strip, burning Israeli and US flags as well as a Christian cross. A bomb strapped to a bicycle exploded, wounding 26 civilians in Khost. A service member with the international military coalition was killed in a roadside bombing in the south.
    (AP, 11/26/12)

2012        Nov 27, An Afghan girl (14) was beheaded and killed in an attack by two men, one of whom apparently asked her to marry him. Gasitina, a student, was beheaded in the Imam Sahib district of Kunduz province. The two men were arrested.
    (Lookout, 11/30/12)

2012        Nov 28, An int’l. investigating committee reported that a small clique of executives and shareholders had run Afghanistan’s Kabul Bank for their own enrichment. When the bank failed in 2010 over 90% of its loan book was extended to just 12 individuals and their companies.
    (Econ, 12/1/12, p.47)

2012        Nov 29, In Afghanistan 2 roadside bombs exploded in Khost and Uruzgan provinces, killing at least 12 people and injuring 16 others.
    (AP, 11/29/12)

2012        Nov 30, Pakistan agreed to free more Taliban prisoners in the future, a move considered a key step to coaxing the militant group into peace negotiations to end the 11-year-old war in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 11/30/12)

2012        Nov, In Afghanistan Pierre Borghi, a freelance French photographer, was kidnapped in Kabul. His release was confirmed on April 8, 2013.
    (AP, 4/8/13)

2012        Dec 1, In southern Afghanistan a suicide car bomber killed three civilians and wounded another six in Uruzgan province. In Kapisa province Hanisa (22), a female vaccine worker, was shot to death by 3 men on a motorcycle on her first day of work to vaccinate children against polio.
    (AP, 12/1/12)(SSFC, 12/9/12, p.A24)

2012        Dec 2, In eastern Afghanistan Taliban suicide bombers attacked Forward Operating Base Fenty, a joint US-Afghan air base in Jalalabad city, detonating explosives at the gate and sparking a gunbattle that lasted at least two hours. 9 attackers and 3 Afghan security members were killed.
    (AP, 12/2/12)(SFC, 12/3/12, p.A3)

2012        Dec 3, In Afghanistan two NATO coalition service members were killed in a bomb attack in the country's south.
    (AP, 12/4/12)

2012        Dec 6, In Afghanistan a Taliban suicide bomber posing as a messenger of peace blew himself up near Asadullah Khalid, the newly appointed intelligence chief, seriously wounding him. 5 children were killed and two others were wounded by a mine in Sangin district, Helmand province, while collecting scrap items they hoped to sell.
    (AP, 12/6/12)

2012        Dec 8, Afghan President Hamid Karzai said that the Dec 6 assassination attempt on the country's intelligence chief was planned in Pakistan, but vowed it would not stop him from seeking Islamabad's help in coaxing militants to the negotiating table.
    (AP, 12/8/12)

2012        Dec 9, In eastern Afghanistan Dr. Dilip Joseph, an American doctor abducted by the Taliban five days ago in Kabul province, was rescued in a US-led operation. Petty Officer 1st Class Nicolas Checque (28), a Navy SEAL, died of injuries sustained in the successful rescue of Dr. Joseph.
    (AP, 12/9/12)(AP, 12/10/12)

2012        Dec 10, In Afghanistan a Taliban bombing killed the Afghan provincial police chief of Nimroz province. Gunmen fatally shot and killed Najia Sediqi, the official in charge of women's affairs for the eastern Laghman province. In the south a NATO service member was killed in a bomb attack.
    (AP, 12/10/12)


2012        Dec 11, A US watchdog agency said that Afghan officials were resisting US efforts to help track billions of dollars being flown out of Kabul airport every year, some likely linked to crime and drugs.
    (AP, 12/11/12)
2012        Dec 11, Iran's official news agency reported that the country has closed its consular section in the western Afghan city of Herat, after anti-Iranian protests at the site on Dec 9. Afghan demonstrators were protesting the alleged killing of Afghan emigrants at nearby border crossings in recent months.
    (AP, 12/11/12)

2012        Dec 13, In Afghanistan a suicide car bomber killed two Afghan civilians and wounded 14 others near Kandahar Airfield, the main US military base in the south.
    (AP, 12/13/12)

2012        Dec 17, In Afghanistan a car bomb outside a compound housing a US military contractor on the outskirts of Kabul killed at least two Afghan workers and wounded more than a dozen other people. In Nangarhar province a British-made anti-tank mine, left over from the time of the Soviet invasion, killed ten girls ages 9-11.
    (AP, 12/17/12)(SFC, 12/18/12, p.A3)

2012        Dec 18, In Afghanistan a coalition soldier went missing. Afghan police found the body and turned it over to NATO forces on Dec 29. He was one of 1,560 troops serving from the former Soviet republic of Georgia. 18 Georgian soldiers have been killed since the country joined the international military operations in Afghanistan in August 2009.
    (AP, 12/21/12)(AP, 12/30/12)

2012        Dec 20, In Afghanistan a powerful roadside bomb killed five civilians and two police officers near a police checkpoint in Nimroz province.
    (AP, 12/20/12)

2012        Dec 21, In southwestern Pakistan gunmen killed eleven Pakistanis and Afghans in a border town as they were trying to cross to Iran to travel on to Europe as illegal migrants.
    (AP, 12/22/12)

2012        Dec 22, In Afghanistan US Navy Seal Cmdr. Job W. Price (42) of Pottstown, Pa., died of a noncombat-related injury in Uruzgan province. His death was being investigated as a suicide.
    (AP, 12/24/12)

2012        Dec 24, An Afghan policewoman, identified as Sgt Nargas, walked into a high-security compound in Kabul and killed American contractor Joseph Griffin (49) with a single bullet to the chest, the first such shooting by a woman in a spate of insider attacks by Afghans against their foreign allies. Nargas moved to Afghanistan from Iran 10 years ago after her husband obtained fake documents enabling her to live and work there. The killing came just hours after an Afghan policeman shot five of his colleagues at a checkpoint in Jawzjan province. The attacker then stole his colleague's weapons and fled to join the Taliban.
    (AP, 12/24/12)(AP, 12/25/12)

2012        Dec 26, In eastern Afghanistan a vehicle driven by a suicide bomber exploded at the gate of Camp Chapman, a major US military base, killing the attacker and three Afghans. The Taliban claimed responsibility for the attack in Khost province.
    (AP, 12/26/12)

2012        Dec 31, Pakistan released eight members of the Afghan Taliban from prison, including the former justice minister under the Taliban, in a bid to boost the peace process in neighboring Afghanistan.
    (AP, 12/31/12)

2012        Rajiv Chandrasekaran a journalist embedded with US soldiers (2009-2011) authored “Little America: The War Within the War for Afghanistan."
    (SSFC, 9/2/12, p.F7)

2013        Jan 3, Coalition military officials in Afghanistan said an elite Danish soldier was killed overnight by an explosive device.
    (AP, 1/3/13)

2013        Jan 4, Afghan Police Maj. Jalal Uddin said that 80 prisoners, formerly held by the US, were freed from prisons across the country today, the latest batch of a total of 400 to be released this week. The released prisoners had been captured in operations against the Taliban and other groups.
    (AP, 1/4/13)

2013        Jan 6, In Afghanistan 2 suicide bombers penetrated a government compound killing five people in Spin Boldak, Kandahar province. In Helmand province a bomb planted at a bus station killed one policeman and wounded another person.
    (AP, 1/6/13)

2013        Jan 7, An Afghan soldier turned his weapon against foreign and Afghan troops in a southern province, killing one British soldier. 6 British soldiers were also reported wounded.
    (AP, 1/8/13)

2013        Jan 8, In northern Afghanistan gunmen killed two local government officials in separate attacks in Kunduz province.
    (AP, 1/8/13)

2013        Jan 11, Pres. Barack Obama and Afghan Pres. Hamid Karzai met in Washington to discuss bringing down the curtain in the long Afghan war.
    (AP, 1/12/13)

2013        Jan 13, In Afghanistan an explosion killed 7 villagers as they tried to pull bodies of dead insurgents from the rubble of a village mosque after a night raid by NATO and Afghan troops. Four insurgents and an Afghan soldier were also reported killed in the operation.
    (AP, 1/13/13)

2013        Jan 14, In Afghanistan a soldier from 1st Battalion The Duke of Lancaster's Regiment was wounded by enemy action. He died of his wounds in Birmingham on Jan 16.
    (AP, 1/16/13)

2013        Jan 16, In Afghanistan Taliban suicide bombers in Kabul attacked the gates of the Afghan intelligence agency, killing one person and wounding dozens. 6 suicide bombers died in  the attack.
    (AP, 1/16/13)(SFC, 1/17/13, p.A4)

2013        Jan 20, The United Nations said that Afghan authorities were still torturing prisoners, such as hanging them by their wrists and beating them with cables, a year after the UN first documented the abuse and the Afghan government promised detention reform.
    (AP, 1/20/13)

2013        Jan 21, In Afghanistan 2 Taliban suicide bombers blew themselves up at the gates of the Kabul traffic police headquarters before another group of militants stormed the compound, battling security forces for nine hours in an attack that left 3 policemen and all 5 attackers dead.
    (AP, 1/21/13)

2013        Jan 25, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide car bomber killed five civilians and wounded another 25 in a botched attempt to hit a convoy of NATO supply trucks in kapisa province.
    (AP, 1/25/13)

2013        Jan 26, In Afghanistan 10 policemen died when a suicide bomber driving a motorcycle blew himself up in northern Kunduz province. A remote-controlled bomb planted on a bicycle exploded, killing one police officer and one civilian in the eastern city of Ghazni. A police truck packed with officers and detainees struck a roadside bomb in Kandahar city, killing 10 of those aboard. It was one of four blasts that left at least 24 people dead across the country.
    (AP, 1/26/13)(AP, 1/27/13)

2013        Jan 27, Afghan authorities accused NATO of killing three civilian men in a nighttime ambush in the eastern Logar province. The coalition disputed the account, saying it had no operations in Logar's Baraki Barak district the previous evening. NATO said there were three dead, but they were insurgents killed by Afghan forces.
    (AP, 1/27/13)

2013        Jan 30, In Afghanistan a bomb exploded in an open-air market in Khost province, killing two small children.
    (AP, 1/30/13)

2013        Jan 31, Germany's Parliament voted to extend the country's military mission in Afghanistan by 13 months.
    (AP, 1/31/13)

2013        Feb 2, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed a family of five in Helmand province.
    (AP, 2/3/13)

2013        Feb 3, Afghan police arrested six men and seized suicide vests, assault rifles and more than 50 hand grenades during a raid on a residential building in central Kabul.
    (AP, 2/3/13)
2013        Feb 3, British PM David Cameron met in London with the presidents of Afghanistan and Pakistan for 2 days of talks to discuss prospects for peace with the Taliban.
    (AP, 2/4/13)

2013        Feb 7, In eastern Afghanistan a NATO helicopter crashed in Kapisa province, but no crew members were seriously injured.
    (AP, 2/7/13)

2013        Feb 9, In southern Afghanistan  two women and four men were killed in the blast in the Nad Ali district, Helmand province.
    (AP, 2/9/13)

2013        Feb 10, In Afghanistan US Marine Gen. Joseph Dunford took over as the new and probably last commander of all US and international forces in the country.
    (AP, 2/10/13)

2013        Feb 11, An Afghan government panel acknowledged widespread torture of detainees after a 2-week investigation of a UN report citing rampant abuses.
    (SFC, 2/12/13, p.A2)
2013        Feb 11, The US began its withdrawal from Afghanistan in earnest, sending the first of what will be tens of thousands of containers home through a once-blocked land route through Pakistan.
    (AP, 2/11/13)

2013        Feb 12, President Obama made his State of the Union address. He announced plans with the EU to pursue talks aimed at achieving an overarching trans-Atlantic free trade deal. Obama also said that the first 34,000 troops will leave Afghanistan within a year and more in 2014, when all foreign combat forces are to leave the country.
    (AP, 2/13/13)

2013        Feb 13, In Afghanistan a NATO airstrike struck two houses, killing 10 Afghan civilians and four insurgents in Kunar province near the Pakistani border. President Hamid Karzai condemned the attack. Mahmood, an Afghan soldier-turned-insurgent, who was feted by the Taliban for killing an American soldier during an insider attack on May 11, 2012, was killed along with an accomplice in a raid in Ghaziabad district. Kunar province.
    (AP, 2/13/13)(AP, 2/18/13)

2013        Feb 14, Dozens of Afghan activists and supporters marked Valentine's Day by marching in Kabul to denounce violence against women amid reports that domestic abuse is on the rise.
    (AP, 2/14/13)

2013        Feb 16, Afghan Pres. Karzai issued a decree that orders the prosecution of Afghan security forces involved in torturing prisoners and requires all future interrogations be videotaped.
    (AP, 2/17/13)

2013        Feb 18, Afghan President Hamid Karzai officially banned Afghan security forces from requesting international airstrikes during operations in residential areas.
    (AP, 2/18/13)

2013        Feb 19, NATO and Afghan forces killed at least 25 insurgents and three of their commanders in separate operations around the country.
    (AP, 2/20/13)
2013        Feb 19, Afghan security said intelligence officers have arrested a senior Pakistan Taliban commander. Maulvi Faqir Mohammed was arrested over the weekend in eastern Nangarhar province.
    (AP, 2/19/13)

2013        Feb 21, A Pakistani intelligence official said at least half the Afghan Taliban recently freed from Pakistani prisons have rejoined the insurgency throwing into question the value of such goodwill gestures that the Afghan government requested to restart a flagging peace process.
    (AP, 2/21/13)

2013        Feb 24, Afghanistan's president said all US special forces must leave eastern Wardak province within two weeks because of allegations that Afghans working with them are torturing and abusing other Afghans. Suicide bombers targeted Afghanistan's intelligence agency and other security forces in four coordinated attacks in Kabul and outlying areas, leaving at least 7 dead, including the 4 bombers.
    (AP, 2/24/13)

2013        Feb 26, In Afghanistan Taliban insurgents reportedly poisoned, then shot and killed 17 people as they slept at a local police post in Ghazni province.
    (AP, 2/27/13)

2013        Feb 27, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber slid under a bus full of Afghan soldiers and blew himself up in Kabul, wounding 10.
    (AP, 2/27/13)0

2013        Feb 28, Afghan President Hamid Karzai demanded control of clandestine Afghan armed groups that are linked to US-led forces amid complaints of abuses by the units. A roadside bomb in Kunar province killed nine people, mostly border policemen. Two brothers, 11 and 12, were killed with their 2 donkeys when a coalition helicopter fired at what they thought were insurgent forces in the Shahid-e Hasas district of Uruzgan province.
    (AP, 2/28/13)(SSFC, 2/3/13, p.A7)

2013        Mar 3, In Afghan insurgents attacked a supply convoy and killed one soldier in Badakhshan province. 23 other soldiers were captured. 6 of the soldiers were released following negotiations, but 16 others were executed.
    (SFC, 2/7/13, p.A4)

2013        Mar 5, An Afghan tribunal sentenced two top executives of Kabul Bank, Sherkhan Farnood and Khalilullah Ferozi, to 5 years in prison for misappropriating a combined $808 million. They were among 21 Kabul Bank and government employees found guilty of wrongdoing.
    (SFC, 2/6/13, p.A2)

2013        Mar 8, In eastern Afghanistan 3 men wearing Afghan army uniforms and driving an Afghan army vehicle forced their way onto a US base midday and opened fire, killing a civilian contractor and wounding other US troops in Kapisa province. Afghan police said 5 officers were killed by homemade bombs while carrying out a poppy eradicating campaign in Farah province. 4 Taliban were killed in the ensuing firefight.
    (AP, 3/8/13)(SFC, 2/9/13, p.A2)

2013        Mar 9, In Afghanistan militants staged two suicide attacks that killed at least 19 people in Kabul an d Khost city on the first full day of US Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel's visit.
    (AP, 3/9/13)

2013        Mar 11, In eastern Afghanistan a police officer opened fire on US and Afghan forces at a police headquarters, sparking a firefight that killed two US troops and two other Afghan policemen in Wardak province. The attacker was also killed in the shootout. In a second incident, outside Kabul, US troops fired on a truck approaching their military convoy, killing two Afghan men inside. A helicopter crash outside Kandahar city killed five American service members.
    (AP, 3/11/13)(AP, 3/12/13)

2013        Mar 12, Afghan officials said counternarcotics teams have seized some 23 tons of heroin, morphine and other chemicals in the Sherzad district of Nangarhar province.
    (SFC, 2/13/13, p.A2)

2013        Mar 13, Afghan intelligence agents killed five suspected suicide bombers and arrested two others, all members of the militant Haqqani network, during a raid in which a truck was seized with 7,200 pounds of explosive on the outskirts of Kabul.
    (AP, 3/15/13)
2013        Mar 13, In Afghanistan several people were killed and injured when a suicide bomber blew himself up in a crowd of sports fans watching a buzkashi game in Kunduz province.
    (AP, 3/13/13)

2013        Mar 16, In Afghanistan several hundred demonstrators chanting "US special operations forces out!" marched to the parliament building in Kabul, protesting the continued presence of US commandos in troubled Wardak province. A helicopter crashed killing one member of the US-led coalition and injuring another in Kandahar province.
    (AP, 3/16/13)

2013        Mar 18, Afghan opposition parties, frustrated with the government's lack of progress in making peace with the Taliban, confirmed that they have been talking since the beginning of the year to the Taliban as well as the militant group headed by Gulbuddin Hekmatyar.
    (AP, 3/18/13)

2013        Mar 20, The US military and the Afghan government reached a deal on the pullout of American special operations forces and their Afghan counterparts from Wardak province after complaints that they were involved in human rights abuses.
    (AP, 3/20/13)

2013        Mar 21, In northern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed a district administrator and two of his bodyguards in Takhar province. A member of Afghanistan's government-backed militia program shot and killed five of his colleagues in Badghis province.
    (AP, 3/21/13)(AP, 3/22/13)

2013        Mar 23, The US Pentagon said it has reached an agreement to transfer the Parwan Detention Facility to Afghan control.
    (SSFC, 2/24/13, p.A5)

2013        Mar 25, In Afghanistan the US military gave control of its last local detention facility to Kabul, a year after the two sides initially agreed on the transfer.
    (AP, 3/25/13)

2013        Mar 26, In eastern Afghanistan 8 suicide bombers struck a police headquarters, killing at least five officers in Jalalabad. Taliban spokesman Zabiullah Mujahid claimed responsibility for the attack. A roadside bomb killed two police officers and wounded another in the Nad Ali district of southern Helmand province.
    (AP, 3/26/13)
2013        Mar 26, Afghan and NATO forces killed more than 20 insurgents in a 2-day joint operation in Logar province.
    (AP, 3/27/13)

2013        Mar 27, An Afghan teenager killed US soldier Sgt. Michael Cable (26) in Nangarhar province by stabbing him in the neck while he played with a group of local children. The young man escaped to nearby Pakistan.
    (AP, 4/1/13)

2013        Mar 30, In Afghanistan US special operations forces handed over their base in Nirkh district, Wardak province, to local Afghan special forces.
    (AP, 3/30/13)

2013        Mar 31, Afghan Pres. Hamid Karzai met with the emir of Qatar in Doha to discuss the possible opening of a Taliban office in Qatar.
    (SFC, 4/1/13, p.A4)

2013        Apr 3, In western Afghanistan 55 people, including 9 attackers, were killed in a daylong gunbattle with security forces in Farah province. A NATO airstrike killed 4 policemen and 2 civilians in Ghazni province. An American F-16 fighter jet crashed in eastern Afghanistan, killing the US pilot.
    (AP, 4/3/13)(AP, 4/4/13)

2013        Apr 5, In Afghanistan a bomb attached to a donkey exploded, killing a policeman and wounded three civilians in Laghman province.
    (AP, 4/5/13)
2013        Apr 5, In Afghanistan American contractor David Gordon (38), detained in a contract dispute on April 3, was released. 3 US congressmen, who complained about his detention, said he had been seized without charges and beaten.
    (AP, 4/5/13)
2013        Apr 5, In Iran a road accident killed 18 people, including 15 Afghans, after a truck smuggling fuel slammed into a sedan packed with Afghans who were being brought illegally into the country.
    (AP, 4/5/13)

2013        Apr 6, In southern Afghanistan 3 US service members, 2 US civilians and a doctor were killed in a suicide attack on a convoy in Zabul province. Anne Smedinghoff (25) became the first US diplomat to die in Afghanistan. Another American civilian was killed in a 2-day Afghan-led military operation in Kunar province that left as many as 11 suspected Taliban militants dead including Taliban commander Ali Khan. A related US airstrike killed also killed 17 Afghan civilians, including 12 children. Gen. Martin Dempsey, the US military's top officer, began a weekend visit.
    (AP, 4/6/13)(AP, 4/7/13)(SFC, 4/8/13, p.A2)(AP, 4/13/13)

2013        Apr 8, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb hit a public bus in Wardak province killed at least nine passengers.
    (AP, 4/8/13)

2013        Apr 9, In eastern Afghanistan a NATO helicopter crashed in a field, killing two American service members in Nangarhar province.
    (AP, 4/9/13)

2013        Apr 11, In southern Afghanistan two separate roadside bombings killed four people, including an Uruzgan province district police chief.
    (AP, 4/11/13)

2013        Apr 12, In Afghanistan Taliban militants stormed an Afghan army outpost in Kunar province, killing 13 soldiers in an area that is a major infiltration route for insurgents crossing the mountainous border between Afghanistan and Pakistan. One soldier remained missing.
    (AP, 4/12/13)(SFC, 4/13/13, p.A2)

2013        Apr 15, Afghan commandos killed 22 insurgents during an operation to capture a Taliban commander in the Bati Kot district of Nangarhar province. Taliban commander, Jamal Faroqi, was killed in the pre-dawn raid and 10 insurgents were captured. NATO said a team of Afghan and coalition special forces captured a senior leader of the Pakistan-based Lashkar-e-Taiba. A roadside bomb killed at least 7 members of a family travelling in a trailer towed by a tractor in Zabul province. A roadside bomb killed 4 Afghan police and wounded 3 overnight in southern Helmand province. 2 policemen were killed and 6 kidnapped during a Taliban attack on an outpost in northern Zawzjan province.
    (AP, 4/15/13)
2013        Apr 15, A UN report said opium poppy cultivation in Afghanistan has been increasing for a third year in a row.
    (AP, 4/16/13)

2013        Apr 16, In Afghanistan insurgents ambushed a convoy of trucks in Wardak province, killing five members of a government guard force. 6 Afghan soldiers, two officers and four enlisted men, were shot to death on a main highway that crosses Jowzjan province.
    (AP, 4/16/13)(AP, 4/17/13)

2013        Apr 17, In Afghanistan roadside bombs and insurgent attacks killed at least 18 people in four separate attacks across the country.
    (AP, 4/17/13)

2013        Apr 18, In Afghanistan insurgents shot and killed four laborers building a checkpoint for the Afghan army in Helmand province. The International Committee of the Red Cross warned that security was deteriorating across Afghanistan as militants flood the battlefield and conduct attacks in the spring fighting season of the nearly 12-year-old war.
    (AP, 4/18/13)

2013        Apr 19, In Afghanistan Taliban insurgents attacked a local police checkpoint in Andar, a district of Ghazni province, killing 13 officers.
    (AP, 4/21/13)

2013        Apr 21, In Afghanistan insurgents shot 6 police officers dead at a checkpoint in Ghazni province. A suicide bomber killed 3 civilians at a shopping bazaar in Paktika province. Among the dead was Asanullah Sadat, who stepped down as the district's governor two years ago.
    (AP, 4/21/13)
2013        Apr 21, In eastern Afghanistan a Turkish civilian helicopter was forced to make an emergency landing in a Taliban-controlled area of Logar province. Insurgents took all 11 people aboard the aircraft hostage, including 8 Turks, one Afghan translator and 2 foreign pilots. Four of the Turks were freed on May 12.
    (AP, 4/22/13)(AP, 5/13/13)

2013        Apr 23, Mullah Omar, leader of the Taliban movement behind an escalating insurgency against the government in Kabul, reportedly died in Pakistan. His death was only made public in July 2015. Pakistan's defense minister later insisted that Mullah Omar died in Afghanistan and was buried there. On Sep 13, 2015, Omar’s eldest son confirmed that Omar had died in Afghanistan.
    (Reuters, 7/29/15)(Reuters, 7/30/15)(SFC, 7/30/15, p.A2)(AP, 8/7/15)(Econ, 8/8/15, p.78)
2013        Apr 23, Afghan and coalition forces killed 6 insurgents during a joint operation in Tagab district of Kapisa province. 7 others were killed in a separate operation run by Afghan security forces in the Hisarak district of Nangarhar province.
    (AP, 4/24/13)
2013        Apr 23, In Afghanistan 20 people died in flooding in Balkh province.
    (AP, 4/25/13)

2013        Apr 24, In Afghanistan 18 people were killed by the earthquake that struck Nangarhar and Kunar provinces.
    (AP, 4/25/13)

2013        Apr 26, In southern Afghanistan a bus collided with the wreckage of a truck that had been attacked by Taliban insurgents, killing 45 people aboard the bus in a fiery crash.
    (AP, 4/26/13)

2013        Apr 27, In Afghanistan a coalition MC-12 Liberty aircraft crashed in Zabul province killing four service members. The Taliban announced the start of their spring offensive, signaling plans to step up attacks as the weather warms, making both travel and fighting easier.
    (AP, 4/27/13)(AP, 4/28/13)

2013        Apr 28, In eastern Afghanistan remote-controlled roadside bomb killed  Col. Mohammad Hussain, the deputy provincial police chief, and two other officers in Ghazni province, an attack the Taliban claimed as the opening round of their spring offensive. Afghan and coalition forces arrested six insurgents — three in Helmand province, one in Baghlan province and two in Kandahar province.
    (AP, 4/28/13)
2013        Apr 28, In Afghanistan NATO forces encountered insurgents in Zabul province. 4 insurgents were killed in the incident. On May 8 the US-led coalition said it had opened an investigation into allegations of misconduct during the April 28 encounter.
    (AP, 5/8/13)
2013        Apr 28, A New York Times report, citing current and former advisers to Afghan Pres. Karzai, said tens of millions of US dollars in cash were delivered by the CIA in suitcases, backpacks and plastic shopping bags to the office of Afghanistan President Hamid Karzai for more than a decade.
    (Reuters, 4/28/13)

2013        Apr 29, In Afghanistan a civilian cargo plane owned by an American company crashed at Bagram Air Field, north of Kabul, soon after takeoff, killing all seven people aboard.
    (AP, 4/29/13)
2013        Apr 29, In northwestern Pakistan a suicide bomber targeting a police van killed at least 8 people in Peshawar, including the son and nephew of an Afghan official involved in peace negotiations with the Taliban.
    (AP, 4/29/13)

2013        Apr 30, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed 3 British service members. A bomb planted by the Taliban in Kandahar province killed 3 civilians and wounded five. In Kunduz province a roadside bomb destroyed a car killing a a local police commander and his driver.
    (AP, 4/30/13)(AP, 5/1/13)

2013        May 1, In Afghanistan insurgents ambushed government peace negotiator Malim Shah Wali Khan (53), killing him and two bodyguards as they headed to a meeting in the south to discuss plans for local troops to take over responsibility from the US-led coalition.
    (AP, 5/1/13)
2013        May 1, Pakistani forces fired artillery rounds at Afghan border police in the Goshta district of eastern Nangarhar province. In an ensuing five-hour firefight, one Afghan border policeman was killed.
    (AP, 5/2/13)

2013        May 4, In southern Afghanistan 5 US troops were killed by a roadside bomb in Kandahar province. 2 others died as a soldier with the Afghan National Army turned his weapon on coalition troops in the west.
    (AP, 5/4/13)(AP, 5/5/13)
2013        May 4, In Afghanistan insurgents in Baghlan province killed a German special forces soldier and wounded another. This marked the first death in combat of a member of Germany's special forces in Afghanistan. Several insurgents are believed to have been killed in the fighting.
    (AP, 5/5/13)

2013        May 5, A new jihadi magazine, set up by militants in Afghanistan and Pakistan, appealed to Muslims around the world to come up with technology to hack into or manipulate drones, describing this as one of their most important priorities.
    (Reuters, 5/6/13)

2013        May 8, Afghan police opened fire on hundreds of demonstrators. 8 protesters were killed. They were protesting raids that Afghan and NATO forces conducted in their village of Loye Karez two days earlier. 3 people were killed when their vehicle triggered an explosive device in Lashkar Gah, Helmand province. Afghan intelligence service said it arrested an Afghan national who confessed to having been sent by the Taliban to carry out a suicide bombing against Abdullah Abdullah, a presidential candidate in the 2009 election.
    (AP, 5/8/13)

2013        May 9, In Afghanistan unidentified kidnappers abducted 11 Afghans working in a UN-affiliated landmine clearing program in Nangarhar province.
    (AP, 5/11/13)

2013        May 10, In Afghanistan 3 children in central Ghazni province were killed when they tried to dismantle an old bomb.
    (AP, 5/11/13)
2013        May 10, Iranian border guards opened fire on Afghan laborers as they tried to cross the boundary illegally looking for work. 10 laborers were killed in the shooting with 8 wounded. 21 were taken by the Iranian guards.
    (AP, 5/12/13)(SFC, 5/13/13, p.A2)

2013        May 11, In Afghanistan a bomb killed Faiz Mohammed, the deputy intelligence chief of Nuristan province. A roadside bomb in Nangarhar province ripped through a police vehicle, killing two and injuring three other police officers.
    (AP, 5/11/13)(AP, 5/15/13)

2013        May 13, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb in Kandahar province hit a bus and killed 10 civilians, mostly women and children. 3 Georgian soldiers killed when a truck bomb exploded at the gate of their outpost in neighboring Helmand province.
    (AP, 5/13/13)(AP, 5/14/13)

2013        May 14, In Afghanistan a powerful explosion ripped through a NATO convoy in southern Kandahar province. 4 US personnel were killed. A bomb hidden in a parked motorcycle ripped through a crowded market in Helmand province, killing at least 3 people.
    (AP, 5/14/13)

2013        May 15, In Afghanistan 2 bombs exploded at a checkpoint outside a provincial governor's compound, killing at least one police officer in Jalalabad, Nangarhar province.
    (AP, 5/15/13)

2013        May 16, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber rammed his car into a US convoy in Kabul, killing at least 15 people including two American soldiers and four civilian contractors. Islamic militant group Hizb-e-Islami claimed responsibility for the early morning bombing.
    (AP, 5/16/13)

2013        May 17, In Afghanistan motorcycle-riding gunmen assassinated a police chief in front of his house after he led an anti-Taliban campaign in Farah province. Two bombs hidden in a motorcycle and a car exploded inside an elite gated community linked to the family of President Karzai, killing at least 9 people and wounding more than 70 near Kandahar city.
    (AP, 5/17/13)(AP, 5/18/13)

2013        May 18, Conservative religious lawmakers in Afghanistan blocked legislation aimed at strengthening provisions for women's freedoms, arguing that parts of it violate Islamic principles and encourage disobedience. 4 Afghan army soldiers died in Bakwa district when their vehicle hit a roadside bomb.
    (AP, 5/18/13)

2013        May 20, Afghan Pres. Karzai left for a two-day state visit to India, where he is expected to request military aid. In the north a suicide bomber dressed in a police uniform killed 14 people including a prominent provincial council chief outside the council headquarters in Pul-e-Khumri, Baghlan province.
    (AP, 5/20/13)

2013        May 21, In western Afghanistan a powerful roadside bomb killed six policemen when their vehicle hit the explosives buried in the road in Herat province. Gunmen kidnapped Khobi Khan (60), the father of the national cricket team captain near his home in Jalalabad.
    (AP, 5/21/13)(AP, 5/23/13)
2013        May 21, New York-based Human Rights Watch said 600 females are now detained in Afghanistan under charges listed as moral crimes, a catch-all category that covers running away from home and sex outside of marriage. It said the number of females behind bars has jumped by 50% since late 2012.
    (AP, 5/21/13)

2013        May 22, In Afghanistan hard-line Islamist students protested in Kabul demanding the repeal of a presidential decree for women's rights that they say is un-Islamic.
    (AP, 5/22/13)
2013        May 22, In Afghanistan Habibullah Khan, an anti-Taliban village elder, was killed along with two bodyguards and a civilian bystander by a suicide bomber in Ghazni province. At least 14 civilians were wounded, most of them shoppers and merchants.
    (AP, 5/22/13)

2013        May 24, In Afghanistan Taliban gunmen backed by a suicide car bomber attacked an international aid group's compound. 4 people were killed, including a 6-year-old child, two compound guards and one policeman. All 6 of the attackers were killed. A blast in Ghazni province killed 12 people at a mosque during evening prayers.
    (AP, 5/24/13)(AP, 5/25/13)

2013        May 25, In Afghanistan a would-be suicide bomber died when his explosives-rigged vest went off prematurely in Kabul.
    (AP, 5/25/13)

2013        May 26, In eastern Afghanistan an insurgent attack killed a NATO service member in Farah province.
    (AP, 5/27/13)

2013        May 27, In Afghanistan 2 recently rehired Afghan police opened fire on their commander at a checkpoint in Arghistan district, Kandahar province, killing him and six of his men.
    (AP, 5/28/13)

2013        May 28, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb under a bridge hit a lawmaker's convoy north of Kabul, killing five people.
    (AP, 5/28/13)

2013        May 29, In eastern Afghanistan 7 insurgents wearing police uniforms and bomb-laden vests attacked a government compound in Panjshir, a usually secure province, killing one police officer. All 7 militants were killed. Two insurgents attacked a compound housing the International Committee of the Red Cross Jalalabad, killing an Afghan guard before security forces rescued seven foreigners.
    (AP, 5/29/13)(AP, 5/30/13)

2013        May 30, An Afghan official said intelligence agents have captured six militants with suicide vests and heavy weaponry who were planning a major attack in Kabul. A seventh alleged plotter was killed in the raid on a hideout in the capital.
    (AP, 5/30/13)

2013        Jun 1, In Afghanistan 3 NATO service members and a civilian working with the international coalition were killed in three separate attacks in the east and south. An explosion from a roadside bomb killed 4 civilians, including a child, when their vehicle was hit in Uruzgan province.
    (AP, 6/1/13)(AP, 6/2/13)

2013        Jun 2, In eastern Afghanistan Taliban insurgents attacked two checkpoints overnight, killing 4 police officers in Nuristan province. The firefight left 13 militants dead.
    (AP, 6/2/13)

2013        Jun 3, In Afghanistan a buried bomb killed 7 people in the eastern province of Laghman. A suicide bomber targeting American troops in Paktia province killed 9 Afghan children who were walking home from school nearby, as well as two Americans and an Afghan police officer.
    (AP, 6/4/13)

2013        Jun 4, Hundreds of Afghans blocked a major highway south of Kabul, carrying 3 freshly dug-up bodies they claimed were victims of torture by US special forces and demanding the Americans be arrested. Violence erupted and two of the demonstrators were killed but the cause of their deaths was unclear. An Afghan family's car struck a bomb buried in a road in the country's west. The father and 3 children were killed. In Helmand province 6 people — 3 women and 3 men — were killed when a bomb planted inside one of their homes detonated.
    (AP, 6/4/13)

2013        Jun 5, US Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel said Germany and Italy will join the United States as "lead nations" in regions of Afghanistan after NATO transitions into a noncombat mission there after 2014.
    (AP, 6/5/13)

2013        Jun 6, The Afghan governor of Kunar province alleged that an overnight NATO airstrike killed 3 civilians and wounded seven there, a claim the US-led coalition flatly denied. A civilian was killed when a bomb exploded inside a restaurant in the northern city of Sari Pul. Another 13 people were wounded. In western Farah province insurgents gunned down two tribal elders as they drove into the provincial capital. A suicide attacker drove a truck into the entrance of a camp in Helmand province in Now-e-Zad district and detonated it. 7 Georgian soldiers were killed.
    (AP, 6/6/13)(AP, 6/7/13)

2013        Jun 8, In eastern Afghanistan a man in an Afghan army uniform turned his weapon on American trainers working with him in Paktika province, killing 3 of them. An attacker with a grenade killed an Italian soldier in Farah province.
    (AP, 6/8/13)

2013        Jun 10, In Afghanistan 7 heavily armed Taliban fighters launched a pre-dawn attack near the main airport in Kabul, apparently targeting NATO's airport headquarters with rocket-propelled grenades, heavy machine guns and at least one large bomb. Two Afghan civilians were wounded. All the attackers were killed after an hours-long battle. 6 militants wearing suicide bomb vests tried to storm the provincial council building in the capital of southern Zabul province. 3 militants attempted to attack a district police headquarters near Kabul. A roadside bomb killed a NATO soldier from  Poland in Ghazni.
    (AP, 6/10/13)

2013        Jun 11, In Afghanistan a suicide car bomber struck outside the Supreme Court in Kabul killing 17 people with wounded 30. Militants in Ghazni province attacked a NATO convoy carrying supplies, killing two Afghan police officers and two truck drivers. 3 insurgents were also killed in the attack. In the north a mob stoned an Afghan doctor and his female patient after they were discovered in his private examining room without a chaperone in Sar-e-Pul province. The doctor was said to have been critically injured and taken to India for treatment.
    (AP, 6/11/13)(AP, 6/12/13)(SFC, 6/14/13, p.A5)

2013        Jun 12, In southern Afghanistan a motorcycle bomb killed an Afghan soldier and a civilian and wounded 15 other people in Helmand province. 6 policemen were found shot at their checkpoint in Helmand province and 2 others were missing, raising suspicions they killed their comrades.
    (AP, 6/12/13)(AP, 6/13/13)
2013        Jun 12, Georgia said that it has closed two of its bases in Afghanistan after 10 of its soldiers were killed by militant attacks within the last four weeks. It will not reduce the number of troops serving there.
    (AP, 6/12/13)

2013        Jun 15, In eastern Afghanistan a roadside bomb struck a police van, killing 5 officers and wounding seven as they were on their way to a training session in Paktika province.
    (AP, 6/15/13)

2013        Jun 16, In Afghanistan the US-led military coalition said that one of its service members died in a non-battle-related incident in the south.
    (AP, 6/17/13)

2013        Jun 17, In Afghanistan insurgents fired rocket-propelled grenades and heavy machine guns into a convoy carrying goods to Kabul, killing 3 drivers and wounding two others. The police chief of Helmand province survived a suicide car bomb attack on his convoy that wounded 3 officers.
    (AP, 6/17/13)

2013        Jun 18, Afghan President Hamid Karzai announced at a ceremony that his country's armed forces are taking over the lead for security nationwide from the US-led NATO coalition. A botched bomb attack against an Afghan politician in another part of Kabul killed 3 civilians. 5 Afghan police officers were killed at a security outpost in Helmand province by apparent Taliban infiltrators. Insurgents fired two rockets into the Bagram Air Base. 4 US troops were killed. The Taliban claimed responsibility the next day.
    (AP, 6/18/13)(AP, 6/19/13)
2013        Jun 18, Taliban spokesman Zabiullah Mujahid said the group will open a political office in Qatar to try to find a political solution to the war in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 6/18/13)

2013        Jun 20, An Afghan spokesman said President Karzai is willing to join peace talks with the Taliban if the US follows through with promises he says were made by Secretary of State John Kerry in a phone call. Spokesman Fayeq Wahidi said Kerry promised that the Taliban flag and a nameplate with their former regime's name would be removed from the militant group's newly opened political office in Doha, and said the US would issue a formal letter supporting the Afghan government.
    (AP, 6/20/13)
2013        Jun 20, The Afghan Taliban said they are ready to free US Army Sgt. Bowe Bergdahl, held captive since 2009, in exchange for five of their senior operatives imprisoned at Guantanamo Bay as a conciliatory gesture.
    (AP, 6/20/13)

2013        Jun 21, In Afghanistan the Taliban attacked multiple checkpoints at about noon in the provincial capital of Kunduz, killing one member of the local police, and wounding two. Fighting continued outside the city of Kunduz where 18 Taliban fighters and another local policeman were killed, and another 11 militants were wounded.
    (AP, 6/22/13)

2013        Jun 22, In Afghanistan a coalition service member died in a militant attack in the south.
    (AP, 6/22/13)

2013        Jun 25, In Afghanistan suicide attackers blew up a car bomb and battled security forces outside the presidential palace in Kabul after infiltrating one of the most secure areas of the capital. The army said the attackers were killed but knew of no other deaths. A minibus hit a bomb on a road northwest of Kandahar city killing 8 women, 2 children and a man.
    (AP, 6/25/13)

2013        Jun 26, Afghan national police clashed with Taliban fighters in the northern province of Baghlan in a gunbattle that left at least two police officers and two militants dead.
    (AP, 6/26/13)

2013        Jun 27, In western Afghanistan Taliban fighters ambushed a national police patrol overnight, killing a commander and 4 of his men in Herat province. In Ghazni province police ambushed a group of Taliban fighters and killed 5, including a leader believed to have been responsible for making roadside bombs and organizing suicide attacks in the area.
    (AP, 6/27/13)

2013        Jun 28, In Afghan  a man and woman on a motorcycle riding near a NATO convoy were killed when a suicide car bomber struck. Five civilians were wounded. 20 Taliban fighters and one police officer were killed in an operation in Oruzgan province.
    (AP, 6/29/13)
2013        Jun 28, Pakistan floated the concept of an Afghan power-sharing arrangement between Kabul and the Taliban as part of a peace talks "end game." The suggestion met with outrage in Kabul.
    (Reuters, 7/1/13)

2013        Jun, In Afghanistan an eight article decree was issued late this month  by clerics in the Deh Salah region of Baghlan province barring women from leaving home without a male relative and shutting cosmetic shops on the pretext they were being used for prostitution - an accusation residents and police rejected.
    (Reuters, 7/19/13)

2013        Jul 1, In northern Afghanistan a regional police commander and three of his men were killed when their vehicle was hit with a roadside bomb in Baghlan province.
    (AP, 7/1/13)

2013        Jul 2, In Afghanistan Taliban suicide attackers blew up a truck bomb at the gates of a NATO supplier's compound in Kabul and sprayed gunfire at security personnel. The ensuing gunbattle left a dozen people dead.
    (AP, 7/2/13)(SFC, 7/3/13, p.A2)

2013        Jul 4, In Afghanistan roadside bombs killed 4 young girls in Helmand province. Lieutenant Islam Bibi, the most senior policewoman in volatile southern Helmand province, was shot dead on her way to work in Lashkar Gah. 2 schoolboys were killed when they triggered a roadside bomb in Paktika province. A NATO service member was killed in fighting in western Afghanistan.
    (AP, 7/4/13)(Reuters, 7/4/13)

2013        Jul 5, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber sneaked into a police dining hall in Uruzgan province and blew himself up, killing 12. A border police officer and a civilian were killed in a separate suicide attack in the south.
    (AP, 7/5/13)

2013        Jul 7, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb seriously wounded Fazil Ahmad, the High Peace Council’s chief in Ghazni province. His driver was killed. The government said fighting over the previous 24 hours killed 14 Afghan soldiers and 64 Taliban militants.
    (SFC, 7/8/13, p.A2)

2013        Jul 8, Afghan authorities said they have arrested Zakaria Kandahari, a man who served as a translator for US Special Forces and was wanted on allegations he tortured and killed civilians. The Wardak provincial governor's office said 16 Taliban were killed and two arrested in a 24-hour operation that ended today. 2 Afghan soldiers were killed and six others wounded. In Laghman province the Afghan intelligence service launched a pre-emptive strike on a group of Taliban after learning they were preparing to attack a police checkpoint. 2 militants were killed in the ensuing gunbattle and one captured. In Nangahar province 3 Afghan national police were killed and another wounded when their checkpoint was attacked.
    (AP, 7/8/13)

2013        Jul 9, An Afghan soldier opened fire on NATO troops at the Kandahar airfield. One Slovakian soldier was killed and 6 others wounded. A roadside bomb struck a motorcyle-drawn cart killing 17 civilians, including 4 children, in the Obi district of western Herat. A roadside bomb in Helmand province killed 3 civilians.
    (AP, 7/9/13)(Reuters, 7/9/13)(SFC, 7/10/13, p.A3)

2013        Jul 11, In Afghanistan a twin bombing killed five people including 3 civilians whose car struck a roadside bomb and 2 police officers who had rushed to the scene to help the victims when the second bomb went off in Helmand province.
    (AP, 7/11/13)

2013        Jul 14, In Afghanistan NATO forces carried out a "precision strike" in Paktia province overnight, killing 5 militants. Afghan suspect Lamber Khan, the army soldier who opened fire July 9 on Slovakian NATO troops, escaped this morning with the help of at least one other Afghan soldier.
    (AP, 7/14/13)(AP, 7/15/13)

2013        Jul 16, In Afghanistan a bomb planted on a bicycle in eastern Nangarhar province killed two civilians and wounded three others.
    (AP, 7/16/13)

2013        Jul 17, In Afghanistan gunmen killed Afghan prosecutor Ahmad Wali Taheri in western Herat province. Taheri was the brother of Karzai's adviser on national security, Rangin Dafdar Spanta.
    (AP, 7/17/13)

2013        Jul 18, In eastern Afghanistan insurgents pulled over a minivan with 8 young laborers on their way to work at a US base, forced them out and then shot them dead near Forward Operating Base Shank, Logar province. A bomb killed five children and a woman after it went off as they were playing with it inside a Taliban commander's home in Paktika province.
    (AP, 7/18/13)(AP, 7/19/13)

2013        Jul 19, In southern Afghanistan a wave of bombings killed 15 people, including six members of the country's security services.
    (AP, 7/20/13)

2013        Jul 20, Afghan Pres. Karzai approved a new law governing next year's presidential and provincial elections. It defines the legal framework for the elections and was approved by parliament earlier this week.
    (AP, 7/20/13)

2013        Jul 22, Afghanistan's parliament voted to dismiss Ghulam Mujtaba Patang, one of the country's top security chiefs, by impeaching the interior minister in a potential blow to stability as NATO-led international forces speed their withdrawal from the country.
    (Reuters, 7/22/13)

2013        Jul 23, In Afghanistan 3 US and 4 Afghan soldiers were killed after an insurgent riding a donkey detonated a bomb in Wardak province.
    (SFC, 7/24/13, p.A2)

2013        Jul 24, Afghanistan's first woman governor and a Myanmar civil society organizer were among five winners of Asia's equivalent of the Nobel Prize this year. The Philippines-based Ramon Magsaysay Award Foundation singled out Afghanistan's Habiba Sarabi, a 57-year-old doctor, for her "bold exercise of leadership to build up a functioning provincial government against great odds." The Foundation also recognized Lahpai Seng Raw from Myanmar, for her "quietly inspiring and inclusive leadership in the midst of deep ethnic divides and prolonged armed conflicts."
    (Reuters, 7/24/13)

2013        Jul 26, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber on a motorcycle loaded with explosives killed local police commander Dawlat Khan, 3 of his men, and 3 civilians in a bazaar  in Qarabagh district, Ghazni province.
    (AP, 7/27/13)

2013        Jul 28, In southern Afghanistan a late night bombing in Zabul province's Shahjoy district killed 11 people and wounded 12. Three of the dead were local police officers while the rest were women and children.
    (AP, 7/29/13)

2013        Jul 29, In southern Afghanistan an early morning explosion killed a mother and two children in Kandahar province. 13 insurgents were reported killed, including local Taliban commander Qari Latif, and 29 captured in an operation in northern Kunduz province.
    (AP, 7/29/13)

2013        Jul 31, In Afghanistan NATO helicopter personnel mistakenly killed 5 Afghan police officers in Nangarhar province. A Taliban ambush left an official and 3 other people dead in the country's south. Taliban fighters shot and killed a tribal elder for allegedly cooperating with the Afghan government, sparking retaliation from the family and other villagers in the Sherzad district of Nangarhar province.
    (AP, 8/1/13)(SFC, 8/2/13, p.A5)(AP, 8/3/13)
2013        Jul 31, The UN said that civilian casualties in Afghanistan had dramatically increased by 23% in the first six months of the year and blamed the insurgency for the vast majority of the dead and wounded.
    (AP, 7/31/13)

2013        Jul, In Afghanistan Shokofa Salehi (22), a worker in the money transfer division at the Kabul headquarters of Azizi Bank, disappeared. Investigators later said she is suspected of transferring some $1.1 million out of the bank's coffers to accounts of relatives. Besides Salehi, at least nine people were believed involved in the case.
    (AP, 9/4/13)

2013        Aug 1, In Afghanistan a roadside mine exploded, killing 2 policemen and a prosecutor, and wounding seven people in Faryab province.
    (AP, 8/1/13)

2013        Aug 3, In Afghanistan 3 militants wearing explosives-rigged vests killed at least 9 civilians, including 6 children, in a botched attack on the Indian consulate in Jalalabad near the border with Pakistan. Officials said 22 police officers and 76 Taliban were killed in the Sherzad district of Nangarhar in two days of battles with insurgents that broke out when militants shot a tribal elder.
    (AP, 8/3/13)
2013        Aug 3, Heavy rains swept across eastern Afghanistan, leveling homes and killing at least 58 people in five provinces, while an estimated 30 others were missing.
    (AP, 8/4/13)

2013        Aug 4, In Afghanistan lawyer Abdul Qayyum, who prosecuted Taliban militants, was seriously wounded by a roadside bomb in Jalalabad.
    (Reuters, 8/4/13)

2013        Aug 5, Afghan local officials said floods from monsoon rains have killed least 24 people in the eastern border provinces of Khost and Nangarhar. 61 people were reported killed in villages of the Sarobi district, Kabul province.
    (Reuters, 8/5/13)

2013        Aug 7, In Afghanistan the Taliban ambushed a convoy of a female Afghan senator, seriously wounding her in the attack and killing her 8-year-old daughter and a bodyguard  in the Muqur district of Gazni province. Senator Rouh Gul Khirzad's husband, son and another daughter were also wounded in the attack.
    (AP, 8/7/13)

2013        Aug 8, Afghan President Karzai urged the Taliban to lay down their arms. In the east a bomb planted in a graveyard killed 7 women and 7 children of a single family in Nangarhar province's Ghany Khel district.
    (AP, 8/8/13)
2013        Aug 8, In Afghanistan 3 Chinese citizens, 2 men and a woman, were murdered in an apartment in Kabul. One Afghan man was also found dead. One Chinese citizen remained missing.
    (Reuters, 8/10/13)(AP, 8/11/13)

2013        Aug 10, In Afghanistan 3 bombs in the Charcheno district of southern Uruzgan province killed four people and wounded three.
    (AP, 8/11/13)
2013        Aug 10, Afghan parliament member Fariba Ahmadi Kakar was kidnapped while driving from Kabul to the southern province of Kandahar. The Taliban later released her three children and a driver but held Kakar to exchange her for four insurgent commanders.
    (AP, 8/15/13)

2013        Aug 11, In Afghanistan a father and two of his children were killed when the motorcycle they were on hit a roadside bomb in Uruzgan province. 3 NATO service members were killed in eastern Afghanistan. Heavy rains and overnight hailstorms killed at least 22 people near Kabul.
    (AP, 8/11/13)

2013        Aug 16, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb late today killed 3 women in Helmand's Sangin district.
    (AP, 8/17/13)

2013        Aug 17, In Afghanistan insurgents staged a pre-dawn ambush on a construction camp in western Herat province, killing 10 people. 5 members of a family were killed in the Marjah district of southern Helmand province when their mini-van struck a roadside bomb. In Farah province a suicide bomber detonated his explosive vest inside a private medical clinic, killing 3 people including a local police commander.
    (AP, 8/17/13)

2013        Aug 18, In Afghanistan 11 members of the Afghan Public Protection Force and 21 insurgents were killed in a two separate gun battles in Farah province.
    (AP, 8/19/13)

2013        Aug 25, In Afghanistan the Taliban kidnapped and killed 4 engineers and 2 workers in Herat province. The bodies of six Afghans were discovered in Paktia province. The six, all drivers, were killed by Taliban because they were working with the government.
    (Reuters, 8/27/13)

2013        Aug 26, In eastern Afghanistan 5 Taliban suicide bombers killed 2 Afghan soldiers and wounded several others when they attacked an army base in the Tagab district of Kapisa province. 10 other attackers were wounded but managed to flee. NATO said one its soldiers was killed by a bomb in southern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 8/26/13)(SFC, 8/27/13, p.A2)

2013        Aug 28, In Afghanistan Taliban fighters launched a failed attack against a base that hosts troops from America and Poland. 7 people were reported killed in the attack in Ghazni city. A suicide attack against a coalition convoy and a separate rocket attack against tankers carrying fuel for NATO killed a total of 10 civilians and wounded 25 in Helmand and Farah provinces. Taliban insurgents staged an evening mountain pass ambush on a police convoy patrolling a key highway, killing 15 officers and wounding 10 in Farah province.
    (Reuters, 8/28/13)(AP, 8/29/13)

2013        Aug 30, In northern Afghanistan a suicide bomber attacked people leaving a memorial service at a mosque in Kunduz province, killing his apparent target, a Dashi Archi district chief, and 7 others with 11 wounded. In Helmand province 12 people were killed in an ambush involving a roadside bomb.
    (AP, 8/30/13)(SSFC, 9/1/13, p.A7)(SFC, 8/31/13, p.A6)

2013        Aug 31, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber detonated his explosives near a police checkpoint and a bank in Kandahar leaving 6 people dead. A NATO service member was killed by insurgents in the country's east. A roadside bomb killed 8 Afghan employees of a private mining company in Parwan province.
    (AP, 8/31/13)(AP, 9/1/13)(SSFC, 9/1/13, p.A7)

2013        Sep 1, In Afghanistan the badly beaten, bullet-riddled bodies of 7 Afghan soldiers were found dumped in Ghazni province, apparent victims of insurgents. In Ghazni's Qarabagh district 2 Afghans, involved in civilian militias that resist the Taliban, were killed during a gunfight with militants.
    (AP, 9/1/13)

2013        Sep 4, Afghan President Hamid Karzai issued a legislative decree giving minority Hindus and Sikhs a reserved seat in the country's lower house of parliament for the next parliamentary elections in 2015.
    (AP, 9/4/13)

2013        Sep 5, In Afghanistan Sushmita Banerjee, an Indian woman whose memoir about life under Taliban rule was turned into a Bollywood movie, was shot dead by suspected members of the Islamist militia. On Sep 9 police detained two insurgents suspected in her killing.
    (AP, 9/5/13)(SFC, 9/10/13, p.A2)

2013        Sep 6, Afghanistan began releasing 11 Taliban prisoners in exchange for the release of Fariba Ahmadi Kakar, a female member of the Afghan Parliament.
    (SSFC, 9/8/13, p.A6)

2013        Sep 7, In Afghanistan a crowd of several hundred rallied outside the consulate in Herat city to protest its failure to grant visas. Security forces opened fire, killing one and wounding three. Female parliamentarian  Fariba Ahmadi Kakar was freed by the Taliban in exchange for four militants.
    (AP, 9/7/13)
2013        Sep 7, In Afghanistan a NATO airstrike targeting insurgents in Kunar province hit a pickup truck carrying up to ten militants, amid reports that at least 8 civilians, including 7 women and children, were among the dead.
    (Reuters, 9/8/13)

2013        Sep 8, In Afghanistan Taliban militants detonated a car bomb outside an Afghan intelligence office near Kabul and then tried to attack it on foot with guns. At least 4 soldiers guarding the compound were killed and 6 insurgents died in the assault.
    (AP, 9/8/13)

2013        Sep 10, In Afghanistan two roadside bombs killed 11 people, including passengers on a bus that took a detour to avoid a bomb-laden road in Ghazni province. The 2nd bomb was in Helmand province. A suicide car bomb went off in front of an Afghan National Army security post in Logar province wounding four Afghan soldiers.
    (AP, 9/10/13)

2013        Sep 13, In western Afghanistan Taliban militants unleashed car bombs at the US Consulate in Herat, triggering a firefight with security forces in an attack that killed at least 3 Afghans.
    (AP, 9/13/13)(Reuters, 9/13/13)

2013        Sep 14, In Afghanistan at least 27 miners were killed in a collapse in a coal mine in the northern province of Samangan.
    (Reuters, 9/15/13)

2013        Sep 15, In Afghanistan female police officer Lieutenant Negar (38) was shot in an assassination attempt, two months after her female predecessor was killed, underscoring worries about both security and the role of women as foreign troops prepare to leave. Negar died the next day.
    (Reuters, 9/15/13)(SFC, 9/16/13, p.A2)

2013        Sep 18, In Afghanistan Taliban gunmen shot and killed Amanullah Aman, the head of the Independent Election Commission in northern Kunduz province, a day after he warned that deteriorating security threatened next year's presidential elections. Insurgents killed 18 policemen and wounded 18 in an ambush in the Wurduj district of Badakshan province. 47 insurgents were killed in the same area during a police operation earlier in the week.
    (Reuters, 9/18/13)(AP, 9/20/13)(AFP, 9/20/13)

2013        Sep 21, An Afghan wearing a security forces uniform shot dead 3 American special forces personnel and wounded another, in Gardez, Paktia province.
    (Reuters, 9/21/13)(SSFC, 9/22/13, p.A6)

2013        Sep 22, In eastern Afghanistan 2 Romanian soldiers died after stepping on an improvised explosive device during a patrol. A late night Taliban attack on a border police checkpoint in Kandahar province killed 11 policemen.
    (AP, 9/23/13)

2013        Sep 23, In northern Afghanistan gunmen assassinated district intelligence chief Abdul Hussian while he was on his way to work near Kunduz.
    (AP, 9/23/13)

2013        Sep 24, Afghan security forces fired a mortar round across the border, killing 2 Pakistanis and wounding one person. Pakistan summoned a top Afghan official to lodge a strong protest over the incident.
    (AP, 9/25/13)

2013        Sep 26, An Afghan man wearing the uniform of the country's security forces turned his weapon on NATO troops in Paktia province, killing a US service member of the international coalition.
    (AP, 9/26/13)(SFC, 9/27/13, p.A2)

2013        Sep 28, In Afghanistan 3 civilians died when their minivan was struck by a roadside bomb as they were driving from Dayak district to Ghazni city. In Uruzgan province 2 men died when their car ran over a bomb.
    (AP, 9/28/13)

2013        Sep 30, The commandant of the US Marine Corps sacked two generals in the wake of a deadly attack last year by the Taliban on a major NATO base in Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 10/1/13)

2013        Oct 2, Three Afghan army soldiers died and four were wounded when their vehicle struck a roadside bomb in Helmand province.
    (AP, 10/2/13)

2013        Oct 4, In Afghanistan a NATO strike in the country's east reportedly killed five civilians. The US-led coalition said the next day that it had targeted insurgents and that its initial reports indicate no civilian casualties.
    (AP, 10/5/13)
2013        Oct 4, Norway said will slightly reduce its aid to Afghanistan from next year, signaling to Kabul that it has not done enough to combat corruption and violence against women.
    (Reuters, 10/4/13)

2013        Oct 5, Latif Mehsud, a senior Pakistani Taliban commander, was arrested by American forces in eastern Logar province's district of Mohammad Agha. The Washington Post reported on Oct 11 that he was forcibly snatched from an Afghan government convoy in Logar province several weeks ago as Afghan officials were trying to recruit him to launch peace talks.
    (AP, 10/11/13)(Reuters, 10/12/13)
2013        Oct 5, In southern Afghanistan a gunman, possibly a private security guard, shot dead a member of the US-led international coalition before himself being killed.
    (AP, 10/5/13)

2013        Oct 6, In southern Afghanistan 4 US soldiers were killed by an IED  during a NATO operation.
    (Reuters, 10/6/13)(SFC, 10/7/13, p.A2)
2013        Oct 6, In Afghanistan Germany handed control of a key military base in the country's northern province of Kunduz to Afghan security forces. German troops had spent almost a decade there as part of the international effort to combat Taliban insurgents.
    (AP, 10/6/13)

2013        Oct 9, In southern Afghanistan a suicide car bombing killed four people, 2 civilians and 2 policemen in Helmand province.
    (AP, 10/9/13)

2013        Oct 10, The UN Security Council voted unanimously to extend the mandate of the NATO-led force in Afghanistan for the last time before it hands over total responsibility for security to Afghan forces at the end of 2014.
    (AP, 10/11/13)

2013        Oct 12, US Secretary of State John Kerry and Afghan President Hamid Karzai announced they had reached preliminary agreement on a bilateral security pact that now depends on the approval of Afghanistan's tribal leaders.
    (AP, 10/13/13)

2013        Oct 13, In eastern Afghanistan an Afghan man wearing an Afghan army uniform shot at US soldiers, killing at least one serviceman. The so-called "insider attack" in Paktika province was the 4th in under a month.
    (Reuters, 10/13/13)

2013        Oct 15, In eastern Afghanistan a bomb planted inside a mosque microphone killed Logar province Gov. Arsallah Jamal (47) as he was delivering a speech to worshippers to mark the Muslim holiday of Eid al-Adha. 15 people were wounded. A British soldier was shot whilde on patrol  in Helmand Province and died from his injuries at the scene.
    (AP, 10/15/13)

2013        Oct 18, In Afghanistan a complex attack involving a car bomb followed by gunfire was launched on an international compound in eastern Kabul and was still under way. A Taliban suicide bomber detonated an explosives-laden car in Kabul outside a compound where many foreign workers are based, killing at least two local civilians.
    (Reuters, 10/18/13)(AFP, 10/18/13)

2013        Oct 21, In Afghanistan  a bomb stuck onto a car killed a civilian in downtown Kabul. Authorities are unclear as to the motives for the attack.
    (AP, 10/21/13)

2013        Oct 22, Afghanistan’s Independent Election Commission (IEC) cut the number of candidates to 10, saying 16 disqualified candidates had either retained citizenship of another country or failed to provide evidence of enough support. The Afghan intelligence service said it has sacked 65 officers after discovering they were addicted to heroin.
    (Reuters, 10/22/13)(Reuters, 10/23/13)

2013        Oct 23, In Afghanistan a nighttime Taliban attack on a security outpost killed 4 policemen in the Bla Murghab district of Badghis province.
    (AP, 10/24/13)

2013        Oct 24, In western Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed six Afghan soldiers in Herat province. Soldiers killed 10 Taliban fighters during an operation in Helmand province. A tractor hit a road mine in the Jani Khil district of Paktika province, killing one person and wounding four.
    (AP, 10/25/13)

2013        Oct 26, In Afghanistan a gunman in Afghan uniform opened fire on ISAF coalition personnel before being killed on the outskirts of Kabul.
    (AP, 10/26/13)

2013        Oct 27, In eastern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed 18 people, mostly women, who were travelling to a wedding party by minibus.
    (Reuters, 10/27/13)

2013        Nov 5, Britain’s Ministry of Defense said a soldier from the 3rd Battalion, the Mercian Regiment, was killed "as a result of an explosion during a vehicle-born suicide attack" near Lashkar Gah, Helmand province.
    (AFP, 11/6/13)

2013        Nov 6, Afghan police found the bodies of 7 soldiers, believed to have been killed by their Taliban captors in Zabul province.
    (AP, 11/6/13)

2013        Nov 8, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb struck a bus in Zabul province, killing 9 people, including five women. In Kandahar province another roadside bomb killed 3 people.
    (AP, 11/8/13)

2013        Nov 13, In Afghanistan roadside bombings in the restive south and west killed 3 boys.
    (AP, 11/13/13)
2013        Nov 13, The UN said opium poppy cultivation in Afghanistan has reached a record high as farmers seek to "insure" themselves ahead of NATO forces' withdrawal next year.
    (AFP, 11/13/13)

2013        Nov 16, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber rammed his car into an Afghan army vehicle providing security for a compound in Kabul where political and tribal elites are due to gather next week to debate a security pact with the US. 12 people were killed and 22 wounded.
    (Reuters, 11/16/13)(AP, 11/17/13)

2013        Nov 17, Afghan villagers discovered the beheaded bodies of six men in Kandahar province. The next day they were identified as policemen who had disappeared days earlier from Zabul province. NATO said an international service member was killed by a roadside bomb.
    (AP, 11/17/13)(AP, 11/18/13)

2013        Nov 18, In Afghanistan two separate roadside bombs killed 9 children. Police stopped a tractor hauling roadside bombs near the border with Pakistan. A shooting set off the bombs, killing the driver and a second person on the tractor.
    (AP, 11/18/13)

2013        Nov 20, Senior Afghan officials arrived in Pakistan to initiate peace talks with the Afghan Taliban following a breakthrough in negotiations during last month's summit in Britain. A powerful explosion killed 3 people at a restaurant in the southern city of Kandahar. A Taliban ambush took place in Helmand province killing Marjah police chief, Hajji Tooryalai Jan. A suicide car bombing has killed two paramilitary soldiers in near the Afghan border in the Shawa area of North Waziristan.
    (Reuters, 11/20/13)(AP, 11/20/13)
2013        Nov 20, A rights group said Iran is forcefully deporting Afghans by the thousands in violation of its international obligation to protect refugees.
    (AP, 11/20/13)

2013        Nov 21, President Obama, in a letter to President Karzai, said the United States will continue to respect "Afghan sovereignty" under a new security agreement. Karzai added a wrinkle to the process when he told the Loya Jirga that if they and the parliament approve the agreement, it should be signed after next spring's elections in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 11/21/13)

2013        Nov 22, Afghanistan rebuffed a US demand to sign a highly anticipated security pact as soon as possible, insisting the document must wait until after next year's presidential election.
    (AFP, 11/22/13)

2013        Nov 24, An Afghan grand assembly endorsed a crucial security agreement allowing some US troops to stay on after 2014, although President Hamid Karzai set conditions for signing the deal.
    (AFP, 11/24/13)

2013        Nov 25, US national security advisor Susan Rice told Afghan President Hamid Karzai that a delay in signing a troubled security deal risked the US pulling troops out of the country completely next year.
    (AFP, 11/25/13)

2013        Nov 27, In Afghanistan Taliban militants gunned down and killed six people working working for the French aid group ACTED in the northern province of Faryab.
    (AFP, 11/27/13)

2013        Nov 28, In Afghanistan two roadside bombs killed six civilians in the country's eastern Nangarhar province. A coalition airstrike killed a child and injured two women, leading to a condemnation of the attack by the country's president. The ISAF strike also killed an insurgent in Helmand province.
    (AP, 11/28/13)(AP, 11/29/13)
2013        Nov 28, In Afghanistan two roadside bombs killed six civilians in the country's eastern Nangarhar province. A coalition airstrike killed a child and injured two women, leading to a condemnation of the attack by the country's president. The ISAF strike also killed an insurgent in Helmand province. The top US commander in Afghanistan apologized to President Hamid Karzai for the drone strike earlier in the day that killed a child and NATO promised an investigation.
    (AP, 11/28/13)(AP, 11/29/13)(SFC, 11/30/13, p.A4)

2013        Nov 30, Pakistani PM Nawaz Sharif promised Afghanistan that he would help arrange further meetings between Afghan officials and a former Taliban commander as part of renewed efforts to revive a defunct peace process.
    (Reuters, 11/30/13)

2013        Dec 2, In Afghanistan a suicide truck bombing killed 4 police officers in Wardak province.
    (AP, 12/2/13)

2013        Dec 3, In southern Afghanistan roadside bombs killed 9 people, including six civilians, as insurgents pressed forward with a relentless campaign against the government and its security forces.
    (AP, 12/3/13)
2013        Dec 3, The US military suspended shipments of equipment out of Afghanistan through Pakistan, citing protests that posed a risk to truck drivers.
    (AFP, 12/3/13)

2013        Dec 7, Pentagon chief Chuck Hagel said that Afghanistan's defense minister reassured him that a security agreement with the US will be signed in a timely manner.
    (AP, 12/7/13)

2013        Dec 11, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber attacked a convoy of German troops near the international airport in Kabul. The attacker was killed and there were no ISAF casualties to report.
    (Reuters, 12/11/13)

2013        Dec 12, In Afghanistan a large bomb accidentally exploded inside a weapons depot in downtown Kabul, but no one was hurt.
    (AP, 12/12/13)

2013        Dec 14, Visiting Afghan President Hamid Karzai said in New Delhi he no longer "trusts" the United States, accusing the Americans of saying one thing and doing another in his troubled homeland.
    (AFP, 12/14/13)

2013        Dec 16, Australia’s PM Tony Abbott said Australian combat troops have completed their withdrawal from Afghanistan, marking the end of the nation's longest war which left 40 of its soldiers dead.
    (AFP, 12/16/13)

2013        Dec 17, In southern Afghanistan an aircraft crash killed six American soldiers.
    (Reuters, 12/17/13)

2013        Dec 23, In Afghanistan two NATO service members were killed in separate attacks in the east and south. One was a British soldier killed by enemy fire.
    (AP, 12/23/13)(AP, 12/24/13)

2013        Dec 25, Attacks in Afghanistan killed at least 6 people. The US Embassy in Kabul was hit by indirect fire before dawn but no Americans were hurt.
    (AP, 12/25/13)

2013        Dec 27, In Afghanistan 3 NATO personnel were killed in a Taliban suicide car bomb attack on a military convoy in Kabul.
    (AFP, 12/27/13)

2013        Dec 30, Afghanistan rejected as baseless a US intelligence forecast that the gains the United States and allies have made in the past three years will be significantly rolled back by 2017.
    (Reuters, 12/30/13)

2013        Dec 31, In northern Afghanistan gunshots erupted during a rally in Samangan province where a group was protesting the selection of candidates for the 2014 elections, killing 2 people and wounding eight.
    (AP, 12/31/13)

2013        Dec, In Afghanistan a single shot from a British sniper killed six Taliban insurgents when the bullet hit the trigger switch of a would-be suicide bomber's device in in Kakaran, Helmand province.
    (AFP, 4/1/14)

2013        Civilian casualties in Afghanistan were estimated by the UN at 2,959 for this year.
    (SSFC, 2/9/14, p.A5)

2014        Jan 4, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber struck outside joint NATO-Afghan in the Nangarhar province's Ghani Khail district. One US solider and 5 Taliban attackers were killed. Hours later an explosion hit one of the entrances to Camp Eggers in Kabul.
    (AP, 1/4/14)(SSFC, 1/5/14, p.A4)

2014        Jan 8, In Afghanistan US forces accidentally shot dead a four year old boy.
    (Reuters, 1/10/14)

2014        Jan 9, Afghanistan said it has enough evidence to try only 16 of 88 prisoners that the United States considers a threat to security and plans to free the remaining detainees. Pres. Karzai ordered the release of all but 16 of the 88 prisoners.
    (Reuters, 1/9/14)(SFC, 1/10/14, p.A3)

2014        Jan 10, In eastern Afghanistan 2 US service members and a civilian were killed in an aircraft crash.
    (Reuters, 1/10/14)

2014        Jan 12, In Afghanistan a Taliban suicide bomber riding a bicycle detonated himself next to a police bus in Kabul, killing a policeman and a civilian in the first major attack in the Afghan capital this year.
    (AFP, 1/12/14)
2014        Jan 12, In Afghanistan Daniel Menard, a former Canadian brigadier-general and head of Canadian forces in Afghanistan, was detained for alleged gun smuggling. He was currently working for security firm Garda World. Menard had resigned from the military after pleading guilty in 2011 to having an affair with a female corporal under his command.
    (AFP, 1/30/14)

2014        Jan 15, In eastern Afghanistan a NATO service member was shot and killed by insurgents. A NATO bombing strike on the village of Wazghar, Parvan province, reportedly left 13 civilians dead. NATO later said the Afghan army called for the strike. One Afgan and one NATO soldier died in the action. 
    (AP, 1/15/14)(Econ, 2/1/14, p.31)

2014        Jan 17, In Afghanistan a Taliban suicide bomber blew himself up near a Lebanese restaurant frequented by foreigners in Kabul and bursts of intense gunfire ensued. The assault against La Taverna du Liban included 18 foreigners and 8 Afghans, all civilians.
    (Reuters, 1/17/14)(AP, 1/18/14)(Econ, 11/29/14, p.35)

2014        Jan 19, Afghanistan's Pres. Karzai said the US can no longer carry out military operations or airstrikes and must jump-start peace talks with the Taliban before his country signs a security deal to keep American troops in Afghanistan after 2014.
    (AP, 1/19/14)

2014        Jan 20, In southern Afghanistan 9 Taliban militants launched a suicide assault against a US base killing one NATO soldier.
    (AFP, 1/20/14)

2014        Jan 23, In Afghanistan a gunman on a motorcycle opened fire at a group of local cricket players, killing 5 of them during a game in eastern Laghman province. Police found the body of slain journalist Noor Ahmad Noori in southern Helmand province.
    (AP, 1/23/14)

2014        Jan 26, In Afghanistan a Taliban suicide bomber blew himself up near an Afghan military bus in Kabul, killing 2 officers and 2 civilians.
    (AFP, 1/26/14)

2014        Jan 27, Afghan authorities said a border police officer has opened fire on fellow officers, killing 5 and wounding two at a checkpoint in Herat province. The US military said the Afghan government has ordered the release of 37 "dangerous" prisoners who it believes pose threats to the country and the region.
    (AP, 1/27/14)

2014        Jan 29, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber killed two Afghan soldiers in a market in Ghazni. 15 Taliban fighters were killed in an operation conducted by the Afghan Security Forces in Ghazni's Andar district.
    (AP, 1/29/14)

2014        Jan 31, In Afghanistan the Taliban attacked three police checkpoints overnight in the southern province of Helmand, killing one officer before police repelled the attackers. 4 policemen were killed when a roadside bomb explosion hit a police vehicle in Kandahar province.
    (AP, 1/31/14)(AP, 2/1/14)

2014        Feb 1, In Afghanistan an insurgent ambush killed 4 soldiers and wounded another four in an attack on an Afghan National Army foot patrol along the main highway in Farah province. Gunmen shot dead two members of former foreign minister Abdullah Abdullah's team in Herat, dealing an early blow to hopes of a peaceful presidential campaign.
    (AP, 2/1/14)(AFP, 2/2/14)

2014        Feb 10, In Afghanistan a car bomb in Kabul killed two US contractors for the international security force ISAF. A coalition soldier was killed in a separate attack in the east.
    (Reuters, 2/10/14)(SFC, 2/11/14, p.A2)

2014        Feb 11, The Afghan public health ministry said it has launched an emergency polio vaccination campaign in Kabul after a girl contracted the disease, the city's first case since the Taliban were ousted in 2001.
    (AFP, 2/11/14)

2014        Feb 13, Afghanistan released 65 accused militants from a former US prison despite protests from the American military, which says the men are Taliban fighters who will likely return to the battlefield to kill coalition and Afghan forces.
    (AP, 2/13/14)
2014        Feb 13, Afghan women marched in Kabul to protest violence against women and decry a new draft law that activists say will severely limit justice for victims of domestic abuse.
    (SFC, 2/14/14, p.A2)

2014        Feb 15, In southern Afghanistan an improvised explosive device killed a NATO service member.
    (AP, 2/15/14)

2014        Feb 20, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber on foot killed a security guard and wounded four civilians outside a hospital in northern Kabul.
    (AP, 2/20/14)

2014        Feb 22, Afghan President Karzai's High Peace Council said it has held meetings with a breakaway faction of senior Taliban leaders in Dubai. The Taliban has denied links to the faction, organized by former Taliban finance minister Aga Jan Mohtism.
    (AP, 2/22/14)

2014        Feb 23, The Afghan Taliban killed 21 soldiers in an assault on in a remote mountainous region in Kunar province. Six soldiers were missing after the militants' most deadly assault on the security forces in months.
    (Reuters, 2/23/14)

2014        Feb 28, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed a NATO service member.
    (AP, 2/28/14)

2014        Feb, An Indian team visited Moscow to firm up a deal under which it will pay Russia to supply arms and equipment to the Afghan military as foreign combat troops prepare to leave the country. An agreement was signed in  April in a move that risked infuriating Pakistan.
    (Reuters, 4/30/14)

2014        Mar 2, In eastern Afghanistan a militant car bomb prematurely exploded overnight, killing 9 insurgents and 4 civilians. A lone suicide bomber entered a police station in Kandahar province, though officers' fire forced him to detonate his explosive vest early, only wounding one civilian. 12 Taliban escaped from the 1,200-inmate Kandahar Prison after a prison employee falsely put their names on a list of detainees who were scheduled for release. Two were soon recaptured.
    (AP, 3/2/14)

2014        Mar 3, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb destroyed a police vehicle in Uruzgan province, killing 5 policemen and wounding one.
    (AP, 3/3/14)

2014        Mar 6, In Afghanistan 5 Afghan soldiers were killed in an accidental air strike by the NATO-led force in the eastern province of Logar.
    (Reuters, 3/6/14)

2014        Mar 8, In eastern Afghanistan bomb placed under the car seat of a district chief exploded, killing him and wounding six other people. 7 people, including 3 women and 2 children, were killed and eight others wounded when their car was hit by a roadside bomb while traveling in Helmand province. 2 other civilians were killed in a bombing in the Kajaki district. Security forces killed 13 Taliban insurgents in Helmand's Gereshk district.
    (AP, 3/8/14)(AP, 3/9/14)

2014        Mar 9, Afghanistan's influential VP Mohammad Qasim Fahim (57) died. He was a leading commander in the alliance that fought the Taliban and was later accused with other warlords of targeting civilian areas during the country's civil war. A bomb exploded near a store, killing 2 civilians and wounding two others in the Spin Boldak district of Kandahar province.
    (AP, 3/9/14)

2014        Mar 11, In Afghanistan Swedish journalist Nils Horner (51) was shot to death while he was talking to a translator on a street in Kabul.
    (AP, 3/11/14)

2014        Mar 12, In Afghanistan three armed insurgents tried to storm a former intelligence headquarters in Kandahar. The ensuing gunbattle left the 3 attackers dead.
    (SFC, 3/13/14, p.A2)
2014        Mar 12, Canada ended military operations in Afghanistan, ending a 12-year mission ahead of an end-of-year deadline for foreign combat operations to end.
    (AP, 3/12/14)

2014        Mar 15, Afghan President Hamid Karzai told the United States its soldiers can leave at the end of the year because his military, which already protects 93% of the country, was ready to take over entirely.
    (AP, 3/15/14)

2014        Mar 17, In Afghanistan gunmen killed district judge Abdul Latif and his bodyguard in an attack in western Herat province.
    (AP, 3/17/14)

2014        Mar 18, In northern Afghanistan a suicide bomber killed 15 people in an attack on a busy marketplace in Maimana, Faryab province.
    (Reuters, 3/18/14)

2014        Mar 20, In Afghanistan four teenage gunmen walked into the Serena Hotel in Kabul, made their way to the restaurant, pulled out hidden pistols and started shooting diners. They killed 9 people, including shooting AFP journalist Sardar Ahmad, his wife and two of their children in the head. Police killed all four attackers after a three-hour standoff.
    (AP, 3/21/14)(AFP, 3/22/14)
2014        Mar 20, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide car bomber blew up his vehicle near a police station in Jalalabad while other Taliban insurgents stormed the building, killing 10 police officers and a civilian.
    (AP, 3/20/14)

2014        Mar 24, In southern Afghanistan Taliban militants attacked a police checkpoint, sparking a gunbattle that killed 2 policemen and one of the militants in Helmand province. Five Taliban militants were arrested after reinforcements from a nearby checkpoint joined the fight.
    (AP, 3/24/14)

2014        Mar 25, In Afghanistan suicide bombers and gunmen attacked an election commission office beside the home of presidential candidate Ashraf Ghani, less than two weeks before a crucial election. 10 people were killed including 2 policemen, an election worker and a provincial council candidate. 3 suicide bombers entered a branch of Kabulbank in the eastern province of Kunar, killing at least 3 security guards and injuring two bank workers.
    (Reuters, 3/25/14)(Reuters, 3/29/14)

2014        Mar 27, In his first visit to Afghanistan as Iran's president, Hassan Rouhani called for regional unity as regional leaders celebrated the Persian New Year in Kabul.
    (AP, 3/27/14)

2014        Mar 28, In Afghanistan six foreigners including three Americans were trapped inside a Kabul guesthouse after a group of Taliban gunmen laid siege to the building. A gun battle erupted after a Taliban suicide bomber blew himself up outside the building and insurgents forced their way in. The aid workers survived. One small Afghan girl, a passer-by, was killed as well as a driver and all five attackers.
    (Reuters, 3/28/14)(AFP, 3/29/14)(SFC, 3/29/14, p.A4)

2014        Mar 29, In Afghanistan Taliban insurgents attacked the Independent Election Commission headquarters in Kabul with rocket-propelled grenades and machine guns. Police killed all 5 suicide bombers.
    (Reuters, 3/29/14)(AP, 3/29/14)(SSFC, 3/30/14, p.A2)

2014        Mar 30, In southeastern Afghanistan a Romanian serviceman was killed and five troops wounded by a roadside bomb on the Kabul-Kandahar highway outside Qalat, Zabul province. Romania has 1,029 troops serving in the NATO mission in Afghanistan; 23 have been killed.
    (AP, 3/30/14)

2014        Mar 31, In Afghanistan insurgent attacks across the country killed 18 people. In the north Taliban gunmen overnight abducted Hussain Nazari, a candidate running for a seat in a provincial council and seven members of his entourage.
    (AP, 3/31/14)

2014        Apr 2, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber wearing a military uniform killed 6 police officers inside the heavily fortified Interior Ministry compound in Kabul. Candidate Hussain Nazari and 8 members of his entourage were killed overnight by their abductors in Sar-i-Pul province.
    (AP, 4/2/14)

2014        Apr 4, In eastern Afghanistan Anja Niedringhaus (48), a veteran Associated Press photographer, was shot dead and reporter Kathy Gannon (60) was wounded while they were sitting in the back of a car when an Afghan policeman opened fire on them near Khost. The policeman, identified as a unit commander named Naqibullah, surrendered to colleagues after the shooting. On Jul 22 Naqibullah was convicted and sentenced to death. That decision was overturned by an appeals court and in 2015 Naqibullah was sentenced to 20 years in prison.
    (Reuters, 4/4/14)(AP, 4/8/14)(AP, 7/24/14)(AP, 3/29/15)
2014        Apr 4, Afghan residents in Nangarhar province said local Taliban militants have been offering voters 500 Pakistani rupees - the equivalent of just over $5 - to opt out of the April 5 election.
    (Reuters, 4/4/14)

2014        Apr 5, Afghans voted nationwide, defying a threat of violence by the Taliban to cast ballots in what promises to be the nation's first democratic transfer of power. Around 60 percent of eligible voters cast their ballots. Rocket attacks and gunbattles forced authorities to close some 211 polling centers, raising the total number that weren't opened because of security concerns to 959. 6,212 polling centers were opened.
    (AP, 4/5/14)(Reuters, 4/6/14)

2014        Apr 6, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed two Afghan election workers and one policeman and destroyed dozens of ballot papers in Kunduz province.
    (Reuters, 4/6/14)

2014        Apr 7, Preliminary tallies from Afghanistan's presidential election showed former foreign minister Abdullah Abdullah leading in parts of Kabul but, with ballot counting likely to last weeks. Preliminary results were not due until April 24.
    (Reuters, 4/7/14)
2014        Apr 7, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed at least 15 people traveling in vehicles that had been diverted from a main road after an earlier attack in Kandahar province.
    (AP, 4/7/14)

2014        Apr 11, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber killed a pro-government tribal elder and wounded three civilians in Paktiya province.
    (AP, 4/11/14)

2014        Apr 13, An Afghan official said 1,892 complaints of fraud in this month's presidential election are being investigated but the number is lower than that of the last election. A Taliban ambush killed three members of a local militia that rose up against insurgent control in Andar district in the eastern province of Ghazni.
    (AP, 4/13/14)(AP, 4/14/14)

2014        Apr 15, In Afghanistan gunmen abducted Ahmad Shah Wahid, the Afghan deputy public works minister in Kabul. Maryam Koofi, a female Afghan lawmaker, was wounded in a shooting that her sister called a political attack. The government the next day described it as resulting from an undetermined personal dispute with a police officer.
    (AP, 4/15/14)(AP, 4/16/14)
2014        Apr 15, In Afghanistan a NATO air strike killed a woman and two children in Khost province.
    (SFC, 4/16/14, p.A2)

2014        Apr 16, In Afghanistan a group of policemen were kidnapped while travelling in civilian clothes. The Taliban soon claimed to have killed at least 4 of them in Wardak province.
    (SFC, 4/17/14, p.A2)(SFC, 4/18/14, p.A2)

2014        Apr 17, Afghan officials said a leading Taliban peace negotiator has been placed under house arrest in the UAE, dealing a blow to President Hamid Karzai's efforts to jump-start a nascent Afghan peace process before leaving office. Agha Jan Mutassim, a finance minister during Taliban rule from 1996 to 2001, had been missing for over a week.
    (Reuters, 4/17/14)
2014        Apr 17, In Afghanistan three Taliban insurgents escaped from a northern prison using weapons smuggled into the facility in a jailbreak that killed 3 police guards in Faryab province.
    (AP, 4/18/14)

2014        Apr 20, In Afghanistan new partial results in the presidential election released today showed candidate Abdullah Abdullah as the front-runner, though a runoff election looked likely.
    (AP, 4/20/14)

2014        Apr 21, In Afghanistan Esmatullah, a prominent campaign worker in the presidential election, was shot dead outside his home in Logar province. He had worked as an election observer for presidential candidate Abdul Rab Rassoul Sayya.
    (AP, 4/22/14)

2014        Apr 22, In southern Afghanistan 5 police officers were killed in a Taliban attack on a checkpoint in Ghorak district.
    (AP, 4/23/14)

2014        Apr 24, In Afghanistan 3 Americans were killed when a security guard opened fire at the Kabul Cure Hospital funded by a US Christian charity. They killed included Dr. Jerry Umanos, health clinic administrator Jon Gabel and his visiting father, Gary. The attacker was captured.
    (Reuters, 4/24/14)(AP, 4/26/14)

2014        Apr 26, Preliminary results in Afghanistan's presidential election showed former Foreign Minister Abdullah Abdullah winning the most votes but not the majority needed to avoid a runoff. Abdullah had 44.9 percent of the vote and ex-Finance Minister Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai came in second with 31.5 percent. The preliminary results were due to be finalized on May 14 after investigations into fraud complaints.
    (AP, 4/26/14)
2014        Apr 26, In southern Afghanistan 5 NATO troops died in a British helicopter crash in Kandahar province.
    (AP, 4/26/14)

2014        Apr 27, Afghan officials said recent torrential rains have caused flash floods in the north that killed more than 100 people. Scores more were missing as helicopters searched for stranded villagers.
    (AFP, 4/25/14)(SFC, 4/28/14, p.A2)

2014        Apr 28, In Afghanistan about 300 Haqqani insurgents and foreign fighters came under intensive fire when they tried to storm Afghan bases in Ziruk district of Paktika province. Afghan troops backed by Western air power killed at least 60 militants.
    (Reuters, 4/30/14)

2014        Apr 30, In northern Afghanistan a coal mine collapsed and killed at least 15 workers in Samangan province. In the east a militant attack on a security post in Khost province killed 4 policemen.
    (AP, 4/30/14)(AP, 5/1/14)

2014        May 1, In Afghanistan a suicide car bomber killed at least 13 people at a check point in Panjshir province.
    (SFC, 5/2/14, p.A2)

2014        May 2, In northeastern Afghanistan numerous people were missing after a landslide buried a village in Hobo Barik village, Badakshan province. The killed and missing numbered from 255 to 2,700.
    (AP, 5/2/14)(AP, 5/3/14)

2014        May 3, In northeastern Afghanistan rescuers and hundreds of volunteers armed with shovels and little more than their bare hands dug through earth and mud looking for survivors in Hobo Barik village, Badakshan province.
    (AP, 5/3/14)

2014        May 6, In Afghanistan a roadside bombing killed 3 policemen and wounded two in western Herat province. Afghan police fired gunshots into the air to disperse villagers who fought police and aid workers distributing emergency supplies near the remote site of the May 2 deadly landslide.
A late-night roadside bombing in Herat province killed 9 people and wounded two.
    (AP, 5/6/14)(Reuters, 5/6/14)(AP, 5/7/14)

2014        May 9, In western Afghanistan More than 100 Taliban fighters staged a large-scale attack on a remote police checkpoint, wounding 11 police officers in Farah province.
    (AP, 5/9/14)

2014        May 11, In Afghanistan a suicide car bomber attacked an Afghan army vehicle, killing 5 civilians and wounding 36 in Kandahar province. NATO said one of its service members died as a result of a non-battle related injury in the country's north.
    (AP, 5/11/14)

2014        May 12, In Afghanistan the Taliban unleashed a wave of attacks to mark the start of their spring offensive, storming a government building in the east where attackers killed 2 police guards and 5 civilians, and striking a police checkpoint to the south and killing 9 policemen.
    (AP, 5/12/14)

2014        May 14, In Afghanistan a bomb stuck onto an Afghan army vehicle in Kabul killed a soldier while a woman died when a rocket slammed into a residential area in Ghazni province. five militants wearing suicide vests attacked a border police outpost in Kandahar province. The attack left 3 police and all 5 militants dead.
    (AP, 5/14/14)(SFC, 5/15/14, p.A2)

2014        May 15, In Afghanistan a shootout between Afghan and Pakistani border guards killed one Afghan policeman in a remote southern region where the border between the two countries is poorly marked.
    (AP, 5/15/14)

2014        May 21, In Afghanistan Taliban fighters launched overnight attacks in several provinces, killing at least 10 policemen and 3 civilians. Villagers also found the bodies of 8 slain policemen who were abducted by militants two weeks ago.
    (AP, 5/21/14)

2014        May 22, In northeastern Afghan Taliban fighters reportedly kidnapped 27 police officers during an assault in Badakhshan province.
    (SFC, 5/23/14, p.A2)

2014        May 23, In Afghanistan gunmen armed with machine guns and rocket-propelled grenades attacked an Indian Consulate in Herat, though its diplomatic staff escaped unharmed. Police and soldiers killed three assailants in a gunbattle that saw the building catch fire.
    (AP, 5/23/14)

2014        May 24, Afghan oficials said security forces have flushed out insurgents from Yamgan district in Badakshan province, where 15 policemen were taken hostage. 8 policemen were reported killed and seven others were wounded. At least 7 civilians were also killed during operation.
    (AFP, 5/24/14)
2014        May 24, President Barack Obama made a surprise trip to Bagram Air Field in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 5/26/14)

2014        May 25, In Afghanistan Abdul Wadod Jaju, a police commander in Kandahar city, died of wounds from a suicide bomber. Taliban spokesman Qari Yousef Ahmadi claimed responsibility for the attack. 
    (AP, 5/25/14)

2014        May 28, In Afghanistan a NATO soldier died in a helicopter crash in Kandahar province.
    (AP, 5/29/14)

2014        May 29, In Afghanistan roadside bombings across the country killed 4 people.
    (AP, 5/29/14)

2014        May 31, In eastern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed 14 civilians after a wedding ceremony in the Giro district of Ghazni province.
    (AFP, 5/31/14)
2014        May 31, Pakistani troops killed 16 militants following a Taliban attack on army posts in the Bajur tribal region. Afghan officials said the airstrike along the border reportedly killed 5 civilians. The Taliban attacked several military posts in northwestern Pakistan after crossing over from neighboring Afghanistan.
    (Reuters, 5/31/14)(AP, 5/31/14)(SSFC, 6/1/14, p.A5)
2014        May 31, Sgt. Bowe Bergdahl, the only American prisoner of the Afghan war, was freed after Pres. Obama agreed to release five high-level Afghan detainees from the US prison at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. The government of Qatar served as the go-between in the negotiations and is taking custody of the five Afghan detainees.
    (AP, 6/1/14)

2014        Jun 2, In eastern Afghanistan a motorcycle bomb targeted a minibus with workers from a Turkish construction company, killing 3 Turkish engineers and wounding a fourth in Nangarhar province. Four Taliban suicide bombers attacked a government compound in Helmand province, killing two police officers and a civilian. All 4 attackers died in the assault. A NATO service member died in an attack in the country's east.
    (AP, 6/2/14)
2014        Jun 2, In western Afghanistan Rev. Alexis Prem Kumar (47), country director of the Afghan Jesuit Refugee Service, was abducted by a group of men near Herat.
    (AP, 6/3/14)

2014        Jun 3, Four Afghan police officers were killed and one was wounded when their vehicle struck a roadside bomb in Helmand province.
    (AP, 6/4/14)

2014        Jun 4, In northern Afghanistan a bomb placed in a thermos bottle detonated remotely at a market killed 3 civilians in Maymana, Faryab province.
    (AP, 6/4/14)

2014        Jun 5, In Afghanistan a police chief and 2 other officers were killed when a roadside bomb exploded while they were on a demining mission in Ghazni province. Two army officers were killed in a separate shooting attack in Herat city. In the east a soldier from the US-led military coalition was killed by enemy fire.
    (AP, 6/5/14)

2014        Jun 6, The leading Afghan presidential candidate, Abdullah Abdullah, narrowly escaped an assassination attempt when two suicide bombers struck his convoy after a campaign event in Kabul. 6 civilians were killed and 22 wounded.
    (AP, 6/6/14)
2014        Jun 6, In northern Afghanistan at least 81 people were killed and many more left missing in flash floods that fell in the Gozargah-e Noor district of the northern Baghlan province.
    (Reuters, 6/7/14)(AP, 6/8/14)

2014        Jun 8, In eastern Afghanistan three suicide bombers attacked a parking lot at a police base, killing a guard and setting 25 trucks ablaze in Nangarhar province.
    (AP, 6/9/14)

2014        Jun 9, In Afghanistan suicide bombers and gunmen stormed a court building in eastern Jalalabad, the capital of Nangarhar province.  A NATO service member died as a result of a non-battle injury in the east. 5 Americans troops and an Afghan were killed in an apparent coalition airstrike in Zabul province. A military investigation report on Sep 4 said a series of avoidable miscommunications among air and ground forces led to the mistaken bombing.
    (AP, 6/9/14)(AP, 6/10/14)(AFP, 9/4/14)

2014        Jun 14, Afghans voted in a presidential runoff between two candidates, former foreign minister Abdullah Abdullah (53) and ex-World Bank official and former finance minister Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai (64). A series of rockets slammed into areas in the eastern Khost province, near the Pakistani border, killing 6 civilians and wounding eight. A mortar shell killed 2 civilians and wounded three in Logar province.
    (AP, 6/14/14)
2014        Jun 14, Afghan insurgents cut the index fingers off nearly a dozen voters in Herat province and killed 11 other people, including four election workers, to punish them for voting in the presidential runoff. A minibus hit an improvised explosive device in the northern Samangan province, killing 6 women, one child and 4 men in the provincial capital Aybak. Kandahar province police raided a building that had been occupied by the Taliban the day before, setting off clashes in which police shot dead two would-be suicide bombers but were unable to prevent another two from blowing themselves up, killing 3 policemen and wounding another 2.
    (AP, 6/15/14)

2014        Jun 16, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb planted by the Afghan Taliban killed 5 civilians from the same family in Kandahar province.
    (AP, 6/16/14)

2014        Jun 18, Afghan presidential candidate Abdullah Abdullah suspended relations with the country’s election commission and called on it to halt vote counting Wednesday in an escalation of fraud allegations threatening to disrupt what was supposed to be the country's first peaceful transfer of authority.
    (AP, 6/18/14)

2014        Jun 20, Afghanistan's president Hamid Karzai said that he was in favor of the UN intervening in the presidential election after one of the candidates dropped out of the process over allegations of mass fraud. Guards in a provincial governor's convoy traded gunfire with policemen at a checkpoint, prompting clashes that left four of the guards dead and four policemen wounded in Balkh province. A mortar shell slammed into a home in Nangarhar province, killing one child and wounding five others.
    (Reuters, 6/20/14)(AP, 6/20/14)
2014        Jun 20, In southern Afghanistan 3 US troops and a working dog were killed by a bomb blast.
    (Reuters, 6/21/14)

2014        Jun 21, Hundreds of Afghans protested in Kabul against alleged fraud in last week's presidential runoff. The UN urged Afghan presidential candidate Abdullah Abdullah to return to the electoral process after he dropped out earlier this week, accusing the organizers and the president of fraud. A suicide car bombing in Kabul aimed at a senior government official killed one civilian and wounded three others.
    (AP, 6/21/14)(Reuters, 6/21/14)

2014        Jun 22, The party of Afghan presidential candidate Abdullah Abdullah broadcast audio that it said showed mass fraud had been committed in an election that aims to transfer power democratically in the country for the first time.
    (Reuters, 6/22/14)

2014        Jun 23, Afghanistan's chief electoral officer resigned in a bid to resolve a political crisis over allegations of massive fraud in the runoff presidential vote earlier this month. Preliminary results are due on July 2, then final results on July 23. Karzai has set Aug. 2 as the date for the new president to be inaugurated.
    (AP, 6/23/14)

2014        Jun 25, Afghan officials said at least 13 policemen, 8 army soldiers and 100 Taliban fighters have been killed in five days of fighting as Taliban militants to wrest control of Sangin district in Helmand province. Helmand province is a major route for the transit of opium and some districts are controlled by drug dealers and the Taliban.
    (Reuters, 6/25/14)

2014        Jun 27, Thousands of angry protesters marched on the Afghan president's palace in support of candidate Abdullah Abdullah's allegations that mass fraud had been committed during the presidential election by organizers and state officials.
    (Reuters, 6/27/14)

2014        Jun 30, Afghan forces continued to battle the Taliban in southern Helmand province for a second week seeking to reassert control over a strategic district just weeks after the departure of US troops.
    (Reuters, 6/30/14)

2014        Jul 1, Afghan officials delayed the presidential election result for several days, as a dispute over alleged fraud threatens to derail the country's first democratic transfer of power.
    (AFP, 7/1/14)

2014        Jul 2, Preliminary results from Afghanistan's presidential election, due to be announced today, were delayed amid accusations of fraud that threaten to split the fragile country along ethnic lines. A Taliban suicide bomber struck a bus carrying Afghan military personnel in Kabul killing at least 11 people.
    (Reuters, 7/2/14)(SFC, 7/3/14, p.A6)

2014        Jul 5, In Afghanistan militants set fire to 200 oil tanker trucks supplying fuel for NATO forces near Kabul.
    (Reuters, 7/5/14)

2014        Jul 7, In Afghanistan former finance minister Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai led in the disputed presidential election, according to a preliminary tally. Ghani had about 4.5 million votes while Abdullah had 3.5 million votes. The Independent Election Commission acknowledged that vote rigging had occurred and promised to launch a more extensive investigation before final results are released.
    (AP, 7/7/14)
2014        Jul 7, In northern Afghanistan a rocket fired by insurgents hit a home, killing five children in Kunduz province. Gunmen killed five policemen in a separate attack in Herat province.
    (AP, 7/7/14)

2014        Jul 8, In eastern Afghanistan 4 NATO soldiers from the Czech Rep. were killed in an explosion. At least 10 civilians, and 2 police officers were also killed when a suicide bomber attacked Afghan and foreign forces near Charakar, the provincial capital of Parvan province. A 5th Czech soldier died of his wounds on July 14.
    (Reuters, 7/8/14)(AP, 7/8/14)(AP, 7/10/14)(AP, 7/14/14)

2014        Jul 9, In southern Afghanistan insurgent suicide bombers and gunmen staged a deadly assault on government compounds in Kandahar. All 22 attackers were killed as well as 5 police and 4 civilians.
    (AP, 7/9/14)(SFC, 7/10/14, p.A4)

2014        Jul 10, In Afghanistan Taliban fighters ambushed a convoy of de-miners traveling through Herat province, killing 6 people. Two de-miners were kidnapped. 7 police officers died in the roadside bombing in Charsada district, Gor province. The blast was followed by a four-hour gunbattle between Taliban fighters and police officers that killed 8 suspected militants.
    (AP, 7/11/14)

2014        Jul 11, In Afghanistan an attack late today on a checkpoint in the Shindand district of Herat province killed 3 police officers. A suicide car bomber wounded three NATO troops in an attack in the Behsud district of eastern Nangarhar province.
    (AP, 7/13/14)

2014        Jul 12, Afghanistan's two rival candidates reached a breakthrough agreement to a complete audit of their contested presidential election and, whoever the victor, a national unity government in a deal brokered by US Sec. of State John Kerry. A UN-supervised recount of all eight million votes cast will follow. Under the agreement the loser or his nominee will become “chief of the executive council," a new position implying power sharing.
    (AP, 7/13/14)(Reuters, 7/15/14)(Econ, 7/19/14, p.10)
2014        Jul 12, In Afghanistan roadside bombs killed at least 10 people. The deadliest attack happened in southern Kandahar province when a bomb struck a civilian car, killing 8 people.
    (AP, 7/12/14)

2014        Jul 13, In Afghanistan an overnight assault in Laghman province left 6 police officers and one soldier dead, while security forces killed 15 insurgents. Insurgents in Herat province attacked a police checkpoint early today, killing one police officer. 4 insurgents were killed in the assault in Shindand district.
    (AP, 7/13/14)

2014        Jul 15, In Afghanistan a car packed with explosives exploded as it sped through a crowded market in the eastern province of Paktika, killing 43 people with 74 wounded. In Kabul a remote control bomb concealed by a roadside killed 2 employees of President Karzai's media office and wounded five.
    (Reuters, 7/15/14)(Reuters, 7/17/14)

2014        Jul 17, In Afghanistan four militants armed with rocket-propelled grenades attacked Kabul International Airport. All 4 were killed by police special forces.
    (AP, 7/17/14)

2014        Jul 21, In southern Afghanistan a suicide bomber targeted a police convoy in Lashkar Gah, Helmand province, killing 2 people. In the north at least 8 local policemen and 27 Taliban fighters were killed in an overnight firefight in the Qaysar district of Faryab province. In southern Uruzgan province 4 Afghan policemen were shot to death at a checkpoint in Shahid Asass district. The attackers were two other policemen from the same unit who fled the scene.
    (AP, 7/21/14)

2014        Jul 22, In Afghanistan a Taliban suicide attacker riding a motorbike killed at least 4 guards in an area occupied by trainers from DynCorp. Int’l. in Kabul. The victims included 3 from Nepal and one from Peru.  
    (AFP, 7/22/14)(SFC, 7/23/14, p.A2)

2014        Jul 23, The Afghan intelligence service accused Pakistan of stoking instability in the country by backing militants who stage attacks in Afghanistan. A suicide bomber killed one policeman and wounded three in northern Kunduz province.
    (AP, 7/23/14)

2014        Jul 24, In western Afghanistan gunmen riding on a motorcycle opened fire and killed two Finnish women aid workers in Herat.
    (AP, 7/24/14)

2014        Jul 25, In western Afghanistan Taliban insurgents halted minibuses, identified 14 Shiite passengers and shot them dead by the side of the road.
    (AP, 7/25/14)

2014        Jul 26, In southern Afghanistan a bomb blast killed 4 civilians in Helmand province. In Kandahar province Taliban attacks on some 15 checkpoints killed 6 police officers. Attacks across the country left at least 15 people dead.
    (AP, 7/26/14)(SSFC, 7/27/14, p.A5)

2014        Jul 27, In Afghanistan Taliban insurgents attacked the home of Gen. Abdul Razeq, the provincial police chief of Kandahar. The 6 gunmen killed a civilian and a border policeman before they were shot dead.
    (SFC, 7/28/14, p.A2)

2014        Jul 29, In Afghanistan a suicide attacker killed a cousin of outgoing President Hamid Karzai near Kandahar city. Hashmat Karzai was a campaign manager in Kandahar for Ashraf Ghani, one of the two presidential candidates.
    (AFP, 7/29/14)c

2014        Jul 30, Pakistani security forces in the northwestern Dir tribal region foiled an overnight cross-border attack from Afghanistan, killing 6 militants.
    (AP, 7/30/14)

2014        Aug 5, In Afghanistan Maj. Gen. Harold J. Greene became the highest-ranked US officer to be slain in combat since 1970 in the Vietnam War. He was killed at Camp Qargha by an Afghan soldier, who went by the single name Rafiqullah. The shooting wounded 18 people, including a German general and two Afghan generals, before Rafiqullah was killed. In the Uruzgan provincial capital of Tirin Kot, an Afghan police officer killed 7 of his colleagues at a checkpoint, then stole their weapons and fled in a police car. In Paktia province an Afghan police guard exchanged fire with NATO troops near the governor's office. The guard was killed.
    (AP, 8/6/14)(AP, 12/4/14)

2014        Aug 6, In southern Afghanistan a police officer working for the Taliban poisoned 5 colleagues and then invited insurgents to kill them and steal their weapons. In Uruzgan province Taliban fighters killed a guard at a checkpoint and then executed 5 others as they slept.
    (SFC, 8/7/14, p.A2)

2014        Aug 8, Afghanistan's feuding presidential candidates signed a deal to form a national unity government, opening an apparent way forward in a dispute over the fraud-tainted election that threatens to revive ethnic conflict.
    (AFP, 8/8/14)

2014        Aug 10, In Afghanistan a suicide car bomber attacked a NATO convoy moving through Kabul, killing at least 4 civilians and wounding more than 35 in an assault claimed by the Taliban.
    (AP, 8/10/14)

2014        Aug 14, In Afghanistan roadside bomb has stuck a police car in eastern Laghman province, killing 3 officers in Badpakh district. Four policemen were also wounded in the explosion. The Taliban executed five people in a busy opium market in southern Helmand province and left their bodies hanging overnight after accusing them of kidnapping a businessman. More than half of Afghanistan's opium is produced in Helmand. Around 90 percent of the world's heroin is produced in Afghanistan and last year's crop was the highest on record.
    (AP, 8/14/14)(Reuters, 8/16/14)

2014        Aug 20, Afghan officials said as many as 700 heavily armed Taliban insurgents were battling government security forces in Logar, a key province near Kabul. A NATO soldier was stabbed to death on the streets of Kabul.
    (Reuters, 8/20/14)(AFP, 8/20/14)
2014        Aug 20, Afghanistan ordered NY Times correspondent Matthew Rosenberg to leave the country after he refused to reveal sources for an article saying government ministers and officials were threatening to seize power to end a stand-off over election results.
    (AFP, 8/20/14)(SFC, 8/21/14, p.A2)

2014        Aug 25, Afghanistan's next president was due to take over today but an inauguration deadline has been pushed to September 2 as the Independent Election Commission still poured over votes cast in a second-round run-off held under UN supervision on June 14.
    (Reuters, 8/25/14)

2014        Aug 26, Afghanistan's deadlocked presidential election veered further off course after both candidates withdrew their observers from a U.N.-supervised audit of votes that was meant to resolve the crisis.
    (Reuters, 8/27/14)

2014        Aug 30, In eastern Afghanistan 2 men blew up their vehicles at the gate of the provincial intelligence office in Jalalabad and six others then opened fire. 4 Afghan intelligence forces were killed. All the militants were killed by security forces.
    (AFP, 8/30/14)

2014        Aug 31, In western Afghanistan a van slammed into a fuel tanker, killing 23 people in Herat province.
    (AP, 8/31/14)

2014        Sep 1, A top Afghan leader said talks on a power sharing deal between rival presidential candidates, Ashraf Ghani and Abdullah Abdullah, have collapsed.
    (Reuters, 9/1/14)

2014        Sep 3, In Afghanistan an overnight attack by Taliban fighters wearing Afghan army uniforms killed 5 Afghan soldiers and wounded 14 in the country's west. 6 Taliban fighters were killed.
    (AP, 9/3/14)

2014        Sep 4, Afghanistan’s rival presidential candidates pledged to NATO leaders that they would form a government of national unity and sign legal agreements allowing foreign troops to stay on next year.
    (Reuters, 9/4/14)
2014        Sep 4, In Afghanistan Taliban insurgents detonated truck bombs and fired rocket-propelled grenades outside the office of the country’s spy agency and a police compound in Ghazni, killing 18 people.
    (Reuters, 9/4/14)

2014        Sep 5, A UN-supervised audit of votes cast in Afghanistan's disputed election was completed, but the results will not be known for days as the contentious process of invalidating fraudulent ballots continued.
    (AFP, 9/5/14)

2014        Sep 7, An Afghan judge sentenced seven men to death for the August 23 gang-rape of four women in a case that sparked nationwide outrage and highlighted the violence women face despite reforms since the Taliban era.
    (AFP, 9/7/14)

2014        Sep 9, In eastern Afghanistan a US air strike in in the Narang district of Kunar province killed 14 people, including 2 children and 2 women.
    (AP, 9/10/14)

2014        Sep 16, In Afghanistan a suicide car bomber killed at least 3 foreign troops in an attack on a convoy near the US embassy in Kabul. Taliban fighters killed 6 Afghan policemen in an ambush in Herat province.
    (Reuters, 9/16/14)(AP, 9/17/14)
2014        Sep 16, In Afghanistan Palwasha Tokhi became the 7th journalist killed in the country so far this year. She was stabbed to death by a visitor reportedly delivering a wedding invitation.
    (SFC, 9/18/14, p.A2)

2014        Sep 19, In northern Afghanistan a bomb blast killed six people and wounded 12 shortly after they left a mosque following Friday prayers in Baghlan province.
    (AP, 9/19/14)

2014        Sep 20, In Afghanistan fourteen Pakistani detainees were released from US custody in Bagram Prison and repatriated to Pakistan.
    (Reuters, 9/21/14)

2014        Sep 21, Afghanistan’s election commission named Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai as elected winner and next president. Former finance minister Ashraf Ghani was declared Afghanistan's next president, hours after signing a power-sharing deal with his rival Abdullah Abdullah.
    (AP, 9/21/14)(AFP, 9/21/14)

2014        Sep 25, In Afghanistan the Taliban captured and beheaded 12 civilians and torched some 60 homes in an attack in the Arjistan district of Ghazni province.
    (AP, 9/26/14)

2014        Sep 26, Afghan officials said Taliban fighters have stormed Ajrestan, a strategic district in Ghazni province and were on the verge of capturing it. The attack by an estimated 700 Taliban fighters began about five days ago and early reports were that more than 100 people had been killed.
    (Reuters, 9/26/14)

2014        Sep 27, Afghanistan said it will delay paying salaries to hundreds of thousands of civil servants next month because it does not have enough money. Villagers of Arzakai hanged 4 captured Taliban militants from a tree as security forces battled the insurgents for a sixth day in a district of Ghazni province.
    (Reuters, 9/27/14)

2014        Sep 29, Afghanistan inaugurated its first new president in a decade, swearing in technocrat Ashraf Ghani to head a power-sharing government. Ghani's first act after being sworn in was to sign a decree creating the post of chief executive. Abdullah Abdullah was sworn in to that job moments later. A suicide bomber killed 7 people at a security checkpoint near Kabul airport just before Ghani was sworn in. Four suicide attackers killed 8 people near a government office in the eastern province of Paktia.
    (Reuters, 9/29/14)

2014        Sep 30, Officials from Afghanistan and the United States signed a long-delayed security agreement to allow American troops to stay in the country after the end of the year.
    (Reuters, 9/30/14)

2014        Oct 1, In Afghanistan Taliban suicide bombers struck two buses carrying Afghan soldiers in Kabul, killing 7 people and wounding 21.
    (AP, 10/1/14)

2014        Oct 8, Five Afghan men were hanged for the gang rape of four women despite the UN and human rights groups criticizing the trial and urging new president Ashraf Ghani to stay the executions. A suicide car bomber killed at least 5 people in an attack that targeted a former district police chief in southern Helmand province.
    (AFP, 10/8/14)(AP, 10/8/14)

2014        Oct 11, In southern Afghanistan a Taliban suicide bomber struck a police headquarters, killing one policeman and wounding three. Gunmen killed two Afghan truck drivers on a road in the country's east.
    (AP, 10/11/14)

2014        Oct 12, In northern and eastern Afghanistan suspected Taliban militants led a string of attacks on police and civilians, killing at least 14 people.
    (AP, 10/12/14)

2014        Oct 13, In northern Afghanistan Taliban insurgents ambushed a convoy of Afghan security forces in Sar-e-Pul province, killing 22 soldiers and police. A suicide car bomber killed one civilian in Kabul. A suicide bomber in Nangarhar province killed 2 people.
    (Reuters, 10/13/14)

2014        Oct 14, In Afghanistan 2 civilians were killed in a roadside bomb blast in Kabul. A car bombing during a local security force operation In Khost province left 3 suicide bombers and 8 soldiers dead. In Helmand province gunmen ambushed and killed Nad Ali district chief Mohammad Anwar Khan and his guard. Anis Haqqani, a brother of the Haqqani network's leader, and Hafiz Rashid, who allegedly helped equip suicide bombers and select targets for attacks, were detained in Khost province in a special Afghan operation.
    (AP, 10/14/14)(AP, 10/15/14)(AP, 10/16/14)

2014        Oct 18, Afghanistan’s leadership greeted the arrival of Turkish Pres. Recep Tayyip Erdogan. Pres. Ashraf Ghani and Erdogan signed an agreement on closer bilateral relationship between the two countries.
    (AFP, 10/19/14)
2014        Oct 18, In Afghanistan a suicide car bomber killed 3 Afghan security force troops in Helmand province. In Khost province a roadside bomb killed a district police chief.
    (AP, 10/18/14)
2014        Oct 18, Afghan and US special forces killed, Abu Bara al-Kuwaiti, a senior al Qaeda leader, in the eastern Afghan province of Nangarhar near the border with Pakistan’s tribal agency of Khyber. The NDS also seized weapons and important documents regarding al-Qaeda activity as well as a laptop with files detailing al-Qaida operations.
    (http://tinyurl.com/le23u97)(SFC, 2/12/15, p.A2)

2014        Oct 19, In Afghanistan insurgents attacked several army checkpoints in Logar and Uruzgan provinces, killing at least 4 troops.
    (AP, 10/20/14)

2014        Oct 21, In Afghanistan at least four were been killed in a roadside bomb attack on a bus in Kabul.
    (AP, 10/21/14)

2014        Oct 25, In Afghanistan insurgents attacked several police checkpoints in the northeast, killing 4 police officers. 4 civilians were killed in two roadside bombings in the south.
    (AP, 10/26/14)
2014        Oct 25, An Afghan court in Kabul sentenced mullah Mohammad Amin to 20 years in prison after finding the religious teacher guilty of raping a 10-year-old girl. The rape took place in May in the girl's home village near the provincial capital of Kunduz.
    (AP, 10/26/14)

2014        Oct 26, British troops ended their combat operations in Afghanistan as they and US Marines handed over two huge adjacent bases in Helmand province to the Afghan military. Helmand province produces 80-90 percent of the opium that helps finance the Taliban's insurgency.
    (Reuters, 10/26/14)

2014        Oct 27, In Afghanistan at least 7 people were killed when a group of Taliban militants attacked a court in the northern city of Kunduz. One Taliban fighter detonated his car loaded with explosives and 3 were killed by security forces.
    (Reuters, 10/27/14)

2014        Oct 28, Afghanistan's President Ashraf Ghani began a 4-day visit to China. Ghani met President Xi Jinping in Beijing and pledged to help China fight Islamist extremists.
    (Reuters, 10/28/14)

2014        Oct 31, The Czech Republic's Parliament approved a government plan to keep troops in Afghanistan for at least two more years. The troops will not be used for combat.
    (AP, 10/31/14)

2014        Nov 1, Afghan Pres. Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai vowed to crack down on corruption and ensure security in his nation. Violence killed at least 12 members of the country's security forces in eastern Logar province.
    (AP, 11/1/14)

2014        Nov 2, In Afghanistan a gunman attacked Deputy Gov. Abdul Qadeem Patyall, shooting at him through the window of a classroom at Kandahar University. Attacks killed 4 other people as the country marked Ashura, major Shiite holiday.
    (AP, 11/3/14)

2014        Nov 3, Turkish rescuers pulled 24 bodies from the sea at the mouth of Istanbul's Bosphorus strait and rescued seven people after the sinking of a boat carrying migrants including children. The capsized boat was loaded with 42 Afghan illegal migrants.
    (Reuters, 11/3/14)

2014        Nov 8, In Afghanistan Col. Mohammad Yasin, chief of staff for Gen. Mohammad Zahir, was killed in a suicide bomb attack targeting Zahir, Kabul’s chief of police. At least seven others were wounded.
    (AP, 11/9/14)

2014        Nov 10, In Afghanistan 6 police officers, including their commander, were killed in a suicide attack on police headquarters in Puli Alim, capital of Logar province. 3 police officers were killed when a bomb carried on a motorbike exploded near their vehicle in Nangarhar province.
    (AP, 11/10/14)

2014        Nov 11, In Afghanistan two senior officials of an Afghan bank that collapsed in 2010 beneath almost $1 billion in debt were sentenced in a Kabul court to 15 years prison each for embezzlement and fraud. The court also ordered the assets of Mahmood Karzai and Hasin Fahim, brothers respectively of the former president and deputy president, along with 17 other defendants, frozen until their debts are repaid.
    (AP, 11/11/14)

2014        Nov 12, The UN’s Office on Drugs and Crime said opium poppy cultivation in Afghanistan has hit a record high this year and accounted for 90% of the world’s heroin supply.
    (SFC, 11/13/14, p.A2)

2014        Nov 14, Afghanistan's new President Ashraf Ghani visited Pakistan's military headquarters in a sign of warming ties after more than a decade of mutual distrust between the two US allies.
    (AP, 11/14/14)
2014        Nov 14, In northern Afghanistan a NATO service member was shot and killed by insurgents.
    (AP, 11/15/14)

2014        Nov 16, In Afghanistan Shukria Barakzai, an outspoken female lawmaker, survived a suicide bombing attack on her vehicle, suffering slight wounds, but 3 civilian bystanders were killed.
    (Reuters, 11/16/14)

2014        Nov 18, In Afghanistan a Taliban suicide bomber and two gunmen targeted a foreigners' compound in Kabul early today, killing 4 people. In eastern Khost province a woman died when the van she was travelling in hit a roadside bomb.
    (AP, 11/18/14)

2014        Nov 19, In Afghanistan a compound housing foreigners on the outskirts of Kabul came under attack.
    (AP, 11/19/14)

2014        Nov 22, In eastern Afghanistan one soldier and 8 insurgents were killed in an attack on an army base in Nuristan province.
    (AP, 11/22/14)

2014        Nov 23, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide bomber attacked a volleyball tournament, killing at least 50 people in Paktika province.
    (AP, 11/23/14)(AP, 11/24/14)

2014        Nov 24, In Afghanistan bombings across the country killed 6 civilians. 2 US soliders were killed by a magnetic bomb in Kabul.
    (AP, 11/24/14)(Reuters, 11/25/14)

2014        Nov 25, In Afghanistan two explosions shook Kabul, leaving seven army officers wounded after a bomb attack on their bus, while a grenade blast in the diplomatic quarter caused no casualties but led to the arrest of a suspect.
    (Reuters, 11/25/14)

2014        Nov 27, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber attacked a British embassy vehicle in Kabul, killing 5 people including one Briton. Taliban fighters attacked a guesthouse in Kabul. 2 attackers were killed by Nepalese guards and a 3rd blew himself up.
    (Reuters, 11/27/14)(SFC, 11/28/14, p.A5)

2014        Nov 28, In Afghanistan insurgents killed 5 Afghan soldiers in an assault Camp Bastion, Helmand province, that lasted more than 14 hours. 2 police officers were killed and two wounded in a suicide attack on their vehicle in the Nawzad district of Helmand province. In eastern Nangahar province 31 people were wounded when a mosque was bombed during Friday prayers.
    (AP, 11/28/14)(AP, 11/29/14)

2014        Nov 29, In Afghanistan Taliban suicide attackers killed the South African leader of a foreign aid group, his son and daughter and an Afghan worker in an assault on the agency's Kabul offices. A 3rd day of Taliban attacks in southern Helmand province killed least 6 Afghan soldiers and 20 Taliban fighters at Camp Bastion. A suicide bombing targeting a military base in the province's Sangin district, killed 5 soldiers and wounded eight.
    (AP, 11/29/14)(AP, 11/30/14)(SSFC, 11/30/14, p.A6)

2014        Nov 30, Afghan Pres. Ashraf Ghani dismissed most ministers as he and chief executive Abdullah Abdullah worked to create a new Cabinet.
    (SFC, 12/1/14, p.A5)

2014        Nov, Pres. Obama signed a secret order authorizing a more expansive mission for the US military in Afghanistan in 2015 than was originally planned.
    (SFC, 11/22/14, p.A4)

2014        Dec 1, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber detonated his payload at a crowded funeral, killing 2 police and 7 civilians in the Burka district, Baghlan province.
    (AP, 12/1/14)

2014        Dec 2, In northwest Afghanistan Taliban insurgents killed 6 Afghan soldiers in Badghis province. 3 insurgents were killed in the attack in Bala Murghab district. An American drone killed 5 insurgents in Shirzad district in Nangahar province.
    (AP, 12/2/14)

2014        Dec 3, The Afghan government said it will send a delegation to Iran to ask the government to extend temporary visas to allow 760,000 Afghan refugees who have no documents and risk deportation to stay on for at least a year.
    (Reuters, 12/3/14)
2014        Dec 3, In Afghanistan an attack on a police checkpoint in northern Jawzjan province killed 4 local policemen.
    (AP, 12/4/14)

2014         Dec 5,  German Chancellor Angela Merkel shook hands with  Afghan President Ashraf Ghani and said her country will continue to support Afghanistan after NATO combat troops pull out from the country.
    (Reuters, 12/5/14)

2014        Dec 7, It was reported that Taliban commander Latif Mehsud, held under Afghan and Nato custody for some, has been handed over to Pakistan along with 3 others.
    (http://tinyurl.com/o54f5a7)

2014        Dec 8, In Afghanistan the US and NATO closed their combat command, more than 13 years after invading the country in the wake of the Sept. 11 terror attacks. A drone strike killed 6 Taliban fighters in Nuristan province. Taliban fighters backed by a suicide bomber attacked a police headquarters, killing 5 people in Kandahar province.
    (AP, 12/8/14)(Reuters, 12/8/14)

2014        Dec 11, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber targeted a bus carrying Afghan army personnel, killing 6 soldiers and wounding 11. Hours later a teenaged suicide bomber targeted a packed auditorium at a French-run high school in Kabul, killing a German citizen.
    (Reuters, 12/11/14)(AP, 12/11/14)

2014        Dec 12, In Afghanistan the Taliban detonated a roadside bomb, hitting a convoy of foreign troops and killing 2 American soldiers.
    (Reuters, 12/13/14)
2014        Dec 12, Iran said it had agreed to extend temporary visas for 450,000 Afghan refugees for six months, lifting a threat to send them back home to a country facing attacks by resurgent militants.
    (Reuters, 12/13/14)

2014        Dec 13, In Afghanistan gunmen shot dead senior Supreme Court official Atiqullah Raoufi as he left his home in Kabul. Hours later Taliban fighters shot dead at least 12 workers clearing mines in Helmand province. A bomb ripped through a bus carrying soldiers in Kabul, killing at least 7 of them.
    (Reuters, 12/13/14)(AP, 12/13/14)

2014        Dec 16, In Afghanistan 11 insurgents were killed in a US drone strike in Nangahar province.
    (AP, 12/17/14)(Reuters, 12/17/14)
2014        Dec 16, Chinese PM Li Keqiang visited Afghanistan to meet with Afghanistan's chief executive officer, Abdullah Abdullah.
    (Reuters, 12/21/14)

2014        Dec 17, Afghan insurgents stormed a bank in Lashgar Gah, Helmand province, killing at least 10 people including three policemen. Attackers in Jalalabad, Nangarhar province, attached explosives to police vehicles, killing a police officer and wounding four others when they detonated.
    (AP, 12/17/14)

2014        Dec 18, In Afghanistan a police officer in Kabul was killed and three were wounded when a suspected suicide bomber they were pursuing detonated his explosives-laden vehicle.
    (AP, 12/18/14)

2014        Dec 19, In Afghanistan Taliban insurgents fired several mortar rounds in Dawlar Shah district, Laghman province. One woman was killed and two women and six children were wounded.
    (AP, 12/19/14)

2014        Dec 20, In northern Afghanistan a late night Taliban attack at a checkpoint killed at least 7 policemen in Jawzjan province. 7 civilians, including two children, were killed when their vehicle hit a roadside bomb in Nari district, Kunar province. Journalist Zubair Hatami (22) died in Kabul from wounds sustained in a Taliban attack on a French-run school earlier this month.
    (AP, 12/21/14)
2014        Dec 20, The Pentagon said that four Afghans from the Guantanamo Bay detention center have been returned to their home country. The four had been cleared for transfer as a kind of reconciliation and mark of improved US-Afghan relations. Eight Afghans are among the 132 detainees remaining at Guantanamo.
    (AP, 12/20/14)

2014        Dec 21, US cybersecurity researchers said malicious software likely linked to China is being used to infect visitors to a wide range of official Afghan government websites.
    (Reuters, 12/21/14)

2014        Dec 23, In eastern Afghanistan at least 151 Taliban fighters were reported killed by government forces during 12 days of fighting. The Pakistani Taliban and Lashkar-i-Taiba, the group responsible for the attacks on Mumbai in 2008, were reported taking part in the battle.
    (AP, 12/23/14)

2014        Dec 26, In Afghanistan an airstrike by US-led coalition forces killed 3 Afghan villagers who were "heavily armed" but not part of the Taliban insurgency. Villagers in the remote Ab Josh area of Logar province said the dead were civilians who were protecting their land from nomads. A woman and two men, members of the same family, were killed in southern Helmand province when the motorcycle they were sharing hit a roadside bomb. In Kandahar province 4 members of the intelligence service and a civilian were killed when their vehicle hit a roadside bomb.
    (AP, 12/26/14)

2014        Dec 28, The US-led coalition in Afghanistan formally ended its combat mission. About 13,000 foreign troops, mostly Americans, will remain in the country under a new, two-year mission named "Resolute Support." 4 Afghan soldiers were killed while repelling a Taliban attack on an army checkpoint in southern Helmand province. 8 insurgents were reported killed.
    (Reuters, 12/28/14)(AP, 12/29/14)

2014        Dec 31, In southern Afghanistan at least 28 people, many of them women and children, were killed when rockets fired by Afghan army soldiers hit a wedding party in Helmand province. Two Afghan soliders were soon arrested in connection with the deaths.
    (AP, 1/1/15)(SFC, 1/3/15, p.A2)

2014        Carlotta Gall authored “The Wrong Enemy: America in Afghanistan, 2001-2014."
    (Econ, 4/19/14, p.77)
2014        In Afghanistan nearly 3,700 noncombatants were killed this year as the area of farmland used to grow opium rose to a record 224,000 hectares. This produced 85% of the world’s opium and 77% of its heroin.
    (Econ, 7/4/15, p.33)

2015        Jan 2, In Afghanistan a civilian man was killed after a rocket fired from an army checkpoint struck a house in southern Helmand province.
    (AP, 1/3/15)

2015        Jan 3, In Afghanistan insurgents kidnapped 4 policemen from Wardak province. Their bodies were found near the provincial capital Pul-i-Alam hours later.
    (AP, 1/4/15)

2015        Jan 4, In Afghanistan insurgents killed 5 policemen, including their commander, in the volatile eastern province of Logar.
    (AP, 1/4/15)

2015        Jan 7, In Afghanistan a bomb blast killed Judge Mohammad-ul Hassan and wounded two of his daughters in Jalalabad. Insurgents killed 6 people working on a road project, including the head of a construction company, in northern Baghlan province.
    (AP, 1/7/15)

2015        Jan 8, In central Afghanistan one policeman was killed and three were wounded when their vehicle hit a roadside bomb in Uruzgan province.
    (AP, 1/8/15)

2015        Jan 12, The Afghan government, after months of delay, unveiled its full list of Cabinet nominees. An Afghan policeman opened fire, killing two colleagues, including a district chief and a police unit commander in Helmand province. The attacker was shot and soon died.
    (AP, 1/12/15)

2015        Jan 13, In Afghanistan one person died and three were wounded when their vehicle struck a roadside bomb in the capital, Kabul.
    (AP, 1/13/15)

2015        Jan 15, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb planted by the Taliban killed two policemen in the northern Faryab province. A drone strike killed three Taliban insurgents in the Nazyan district of Nangahar province.
    (AP, 1/16/15)

2015        Jan 17, An Afghan official said that 9 insurgents have been killed during a raid by security forces backed by local citizens in Kunduz province.
    (AP, 1/17/15)
2015        Jan 17, Afghan President Ashraf Ghani strongly condemned the latest Muhammad caricature on the cover of the new Charlie Hebdo issue, and called it an insult to Islam and the Muslim world. Hundreds of people in Paktika province protested against the continued publishing of cartoons depicting Mohammad by the French magazine Charlie Hebdo.
    (AP, 1/17/15)(AP, 1/18/15)
2015        Jan 17, Afghan officials said security services have arrested five men in recent weeks in connection with the Dec 16 massacre at a Pakistan military school last month that killed 150 people, most of them children.
    (AP, 1/17/15)

2015        Jan 18, In Afghanistan a suicide car bomber attacked a police supply convoy, killing four people and wounding 12 in Helmand province. Hundreds of university students in Nangarhar province protested against the continued publishing of cartoons depicting the Prophet Muhammad by the French magazine Charlie Hebdo.
    (AP, 1/18/15)

2015        Jan 19, In eastern Afghanistan the Taliban attacked government troops in Laghman province, triggering a gunbattle that killed 2 soldiers and wounded a third.
    (AP, 1/19/15)

2015        Jan 25, In Afghanistan a Taliban truck bomb exploded in the capital, wounding two people in the first attack targeting Kabul in almost 3 weeks.
    (AP, 1/25/15)

2015        Jan 28, Afghanistan's parliament approved eight out of 25 Cabinet nominees. Two alleged militants from a Taliban splinter group were reported arrested last week. The Feday-e-Mahaz group had claimed responsibility for the 2014 killing of Swedish journalist Nils Horner in Kabul. In Herat province a bomb blast killed a female police officer and wounded a policeman at a checkpoint. Taliban militants attacked a checkpoint operated by a group of armed villagers late today, killing 11 people. 7 militants were killed.
    (AP, 1/28/15)(Reuters, 1/29/15)

2015        Jan 29, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide bomb attack on a funeral killed 16 people and injured another 39 in Laghman province. 3 American civilian contractors and an Afghan national were killed in a shooting incident at a military base attached to Kabul’s int’l. airport. The gunman wore an Afghan uniform.
    (Reuters, 1/29/15)(AP, 1/29/15)(SFC, 1/30/15, p.A6)(SFC, 1/31/15, p.A2)
2015        Jan 29, In southern Afghanistan at least 23 people died and 31 were injured when a bus crashed into a fuel truck on a narrow road in Zabul province.
    (AP, 1/29/15)

2015        Jan 31, In Afghanistan Muslim protesters against cartoons depicting the Prophet Muhammad by the French magazine Charlie Hebdo clashed with security leaving two dead.
    (AP, 1/31/15)

2015        Feb 6, In western Afghanistan a bus crash in Hirat province killed 7 people and wounded 12 others. A roadside bomb killed 2 people and wounded three others in Helmand province.
    (AP, 2/6/15)

2015        Feb 9, In Afghanistan Mullah Abdul Rauf Khadim, the top recruiter for the Islamic State group's affiliate, was killed by a drone strike along with 7 other militants. Afghan forces fired the missile. Rauf was released from Guantanamo in 2007 and sent home to Afghanistan.
    (AP, 2/9/15)(AP, 2/11/15)(Econ, 5/30/15, p.39)

2015        Feb 10, In Afghanistan Taliban suicide attackers assaulted a police station, killing one officer in Kunduz province. A roadside bomb in Jalalabad exploded as Angeza Shinwari, a Nangarhar province councilwoman, drove past. The blast killed her driver and severely wounded Shinwari and another person. Shinwari died of her wounds on Feb 16.
    (AP, 2/10/15)(Reuters, 2/16/15)
2015        Feb 10, China promised to help build a hydroelectric power plant in a violent Afghan border region, as well as road and rail links to Pakistan, in the latest sign it is taking a more active role in Afghanistan.
    (Reuters, 2/10/15)

2015        Feb 12, In Afghanistan Sheirin Agha, a member of the country's High Peace Council, was assassinated during prayers at a Kandahar mosque.
    (AP, 2/13/15)
2015        Feb 12, China offered to mediate in stalled efforts to engage the Afghan Taliban in peace negotiations.
    (Reuters, 2/12/15)

2015        Feb 17, In eastern Afghanistan four suicide attackers dressed as policemen stormed a provincial police headquarters in Pul-i-Alam, Logar province, killing 22 police in an attack claimed by the Taliban. A bomb attached to a vehicle killed one person in Kabul.
    (Reuters, 2/17/15)(SFC, 2/18/15, p.A2)

2015        Feb 21, In Afghanistan Fazel Ahmad Azimi, the central bank director for the southern region, said that at least bank three employees were involved in the robbery of around 76 million afghanis (more than $ 1 million) in a bank branch in the Spin Boldak district of Kandahar province. The suspected employees were believed to have fled to neighboring Pakistan.
    (AP, 2/21/15)

2015        Feb 23, In southern Afghanistan unidentified gunmen in Zabul province stopped two buses traveling to Kabul, and seized 31 men and boys belonging to the ethnic Hazara minority. Islamic State militants were later blamed for the kidnapping.
    (Reuters, 2/24/15)(SSFC, 4/5/15, p.A3)

2015        Feb 24, In northeastern Afghanistan avalanches caused by a heavy winter snow killed at least 165 people, as rescuers clawed through debris with their hands to save those buried beneath. By week’s end nationwide the death toll from avalanches and flooding rose to at least 247 people.
    (AP, 2/25/15)(AP, 2/26/15)(AP, 3/1/15)

2015        Feb 26, In Afghanistan a Taliban suicide bomber rammed an explosive-packed Toyota Corolla into a Turkish diplomatic vehicle in Kabul, killing at least 2 people and wounding one.
    (Reuters, 2/26/15)

2015        Feb 27, Afghan forces routed the Taliban from the Sangin district in Helmand province in their first major solo operation since international combat forces pulled out of the country. The operation on the long time insurgent stronghold began Feb 10.
    (AP, 2/27/15)

2015        Feb 28, In Afghanistan Raees Khudaidad, charged with a string of armed robberies, kidnappings and killings of Afghans and foreigners across the country, was hanged at Kabul's main prison.
    (AP, 2/28/15)

2015        Mar 3, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber killed 9 soldiers in Helmand province.
    (Econ., 3/7/15, p.39)

2015        Mar 4, Afghan security forces said they have killed dozens of militants in a military operation aimed at freeing some 30 civilian hostages kidnapped last week in Zabul province.
    (Reuters, 3/4/15)

2015        Mar 7, In Afghanistan a senior Afghan Sufi religious leader was killed along with ten other men. They were shot in the backs of their heads while bowed in prayer, in a ruthless and apparently well-planned operation.
    (AP, 3/12/15)

2015        Mar 8, In northern Afghanistan Inmates killed 2 police officers they had taken hostage during a prison riot in which an inmate was shot dead.
    (AP, 3/8/15)

2015        Mar 10, A series of bombings across Afghanistan, including one targeting a police checkpoint in the country's south, killed at least 13 people.  These included  suicide car bombing at a police checkpoint killed 8 people and wounded 23 on the outskirts of Lashkar Gah, Helmand province.
    (AP, 3/10/15)

2015        Mar 14, US officials said the Obama administration is abandoning plans to cut the number of US forces in Afghanistan to 5,500 by year's end, bowing to military leaders who want to keep more troops, including many into the 2016 fighting season.
    (AP, 3/14/15)

2015        Mar 15, In eastern Afghanistan gunmen kidnapped eight ethnic Hazara people from two cars but later released all but one of the hostages.
    (Reuters, 3/15/15)

2015        Mar 16, The Afghan army killed a militant commander who had claimed allegiance to the Islamic State group. Hafiz Wahidi and 9 of his men were killed in an operation in Helmand province.
    (AP, 3/16/15)

2015        Mar 18, In Afghanistan Mattiullah Khan, the police chief of Uruzgan province, was killed while visiting Kabul by a suicide bomber disguised as a woman. A bomb exploded in Helmand province near the governor’s offices in Lashkar Gah killing 7 people and wounding over 45.
    (AP, 3/19/15)(SFC, 3/19/15, p.A4)

2015        Mar 19, In Afghanistan a woman, later identified as Farkhunda Malikzada (28), was lynched in central Kabul. Her body was then set on fire and thrown onto the banks of Kabul's main river. A mob was filmed stamping on the woman and smashing a brick on her head after she was accused of burning a Koran. Thirteen police officers were soon suspended and 13 suspects arrested.
    (Reuters, 3/20/15)(AP, 3/20/15)(SFC, 3/23/15, p.A3)(AP, 7/7/15)

2015        Mar 21, In northern Afghanistan a roadside bomb targeting a district police chief killed 3 civilians when it blew up their vehicle in Kunduz province. Afghan security forces foiled a would-be suicide attack on the vice president during a traditional horse-riding event in Zawzjan province. A suicide car bomber targeted a patrol of intelligence service troops in eastern Nangarhar province. Five people were wounded.
    (AP, 3/21/15)

2015        Mar 24, Pres. Obama met with Afghan Pres. Ashraf Ghani and in a joint news conference announced that the US will maintain its current 9,800 troops in Afghanistan through the end of this year.
    (SFC, 3/25/15, p.A3)

2015        Mar 25, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber detonated a car full of explosives in downtown Kabul killing at least 7 people.
    (SFC, 3/26/15, p.A2)

2015        Mar 29, In Afghanistan at least one civilian was killed by a suicide bomb attack in eastern part of the capital Kabul. Seven civilians were wounded.
    (AP, 3/29/15)

2015        Mar 30, In eastern Afghanistan a roadside bombing in Ghazni province killed 7 people, all members of the same family.
    (AP, 3/31/15)

2015        Apr 2, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide bomber attacked an anti-corruption demonstration, killing 17 people and wounding up to 60 in Khost. In Helmand province the police chief of a restive district was killed by a roadside bomb.
    (AP, 4/2/15)(Reuters, 4/2/15)

2015        Apr 3, In Afghanistan a roadside bombing killed 7 people in the Baraki Barak district of Logar province when a vehicle that two families were riding in struck a roadside bomb.
    (AP, 4/3/15)

2015        Apr 4, In northern Afghanistan at least five civilians were killed and 17 others wounded in two separate roadside bomb explosions in Baghlan and Kunduz provinces.
    (AP, 4/4/15)

2015        Apr 5, The Afghan Taliban published a descriptive biography of their "charismatic" supreme leader Mullah Omar, in a surprise move apparently aimed at countering the creeping influence of the Islamic State group within insurgent ranks.
    (AFP, 4/5/15)

2015        Apr 6, Afghan traders shut up their shops in Kabul and marched through the streets to protest tax hikes. Elsewhere roadside bombing targeting police killed at least 10 people. At least five people were reported killed in heavy flooding in the northern province of Baghlan.
    (AP, 4/6/15)

2015        Apr 8, In eastern Afghanistan an American and an Afghan soldier were killed in a firefight between US and Afghan troops. The gunfight erupted after an Afghan soldier opened fire on an American delegation outside the governor's compound in Jalalabad.
    (AFP, 4/8/15)(Reuters, 4/8/15)

2015        Apr 9, In northern Afghanistan militants stormed a government compound in Mazar-i-Sharif, Balkh province, killing at least 10 people with dozens wounded. 3 of the attackers were killed but two remained inside the compound.
    (AP, 4/9/15)(SFC, 4/10/15, p.A2)

2015        Apr 10, In eastern Afghanistan suicide car bombers struck foreign vehicles near Jalalabad, killing 4 civilians and wounding 10 others. In Kabul another suicide bomber drove into a vehicle used by foreigners, injuring at least three Afghans. A roadside blast killed 12 people on their way to a wedding in Ghazni province. In Badakhshan province Taliban fighters killed at least 18 Afghan police and soldiers, 8 of them beheaded, and left 10 wounded. At least 10 more were missing. 19 militants were killed.
    (Reuters, 4/10/15)(SFC, 4/11/15, p.A2)(Reuters, 4/13/15)
2015        Apr 10, In Afghanistan 5 local staff on the “Save the Children" int’l. aid group, who were abducted 40 days ago in Uruzgan province, were found shot dead. The government had refused their captors' demands for a prisoner exchange.
    (AP, 4/10/15)

2015        Apr 18, In eastern Afghanistan motorcycle-riding suicide bomber in Jalalabad killed 35 people and injured more than 100 outside a bank where government workers collect salaries. Elsewhere in the east, the Taliban announced the execution of three men accused of murdering a couple during a robbery, saying they had been tried by an Islamic court.
    (Reuters, 4/18/15)(AP, 4/19/15)

2015        Apr 19, In eastern Afghanistan 19 land mine removers were kidnapped by unknown gunmen on the outskirts of Gardez, Paktia province. All 19 were reported released on April 21. Insurgents armed with guns and explosives entered a police station in Lashkar Gar, Helmand province, after a suicide bomber detonated explosives at the gate of the compound allowing the others to gain entry. 3 police were killed. Authorities confirmed that 4 Hazara farmers kidnapped by the Taliban had been found beheaded in Ghazni province.
    (AP, 4/19/15)(Reuters, 4/20/15)(AP, 4/21/15)(SFC, 4/23/15, p.A2)

2015        Apr 20, Afghan authorities confirmed that 6 Hazaras from Daikundi province, kidnapped by unknown assailants, had been found dead.
    (SFC, 4/23/15, p.A2)

2015        Apr 21, In southern Afghanistan a bomb blast near a police station in Kandahar city killed 3 people and wounded 17. In the north a bomb killed one person and wounded five in Kunduz.
    (AP, 4/21/15)

2015        Apr 22, The Afghan Taliban announced the start of its annual spring offensive, warning it would ramp up attacks on foreign embassies and government officials, as well as military targets, starting on April 24.
    (Reuters, 4/22/15)

2015        Apr 24, In Afghanistan Taliban insurgents shot rockets onto a US base outside Kabul and targeted Afghan government buildings in a provincial capital, as they officially launched their spring offensive. At least 5 members of a family, 4 of them women, were killed late today after an insurgent mortar struck their house in Laghman province. Taliban fighters began an attack on Kunduz city.
    (Reuters, 4/24/15)(AP, 4/25/15)(AP, 5/9/15)

2015        Apr 25, In southern Afghanistan a gunman late today shot and killed acting police chief Gen. Gulab Khan and a civilian in Uruzgan province.
    (AP, 4/25/15)

2015        Apr 28, Afghan forces battled Taliban fighters on the outskirts of Kunduz city, with police in Kunduz province saying scores of combatants had been killed as insurgents mounted an offensive following the withdrawal of most NATO forces.
    (Reuters, 4/28/15)
2015        Apr 28, In northeastern Afghanistan a massive landslide killed at least 52 people in Badakhshan province.
    (AP, 4/28/15)

2015        Apr 30, The Afghan army and police failed to expel Taliban fighters from the outskirts of Kunduz city as a seventh day of fierce fighting put pressure on national forces struggling largely without US military backup. The government reported 20 Afghan soldiers and police killed and 140 Taliban-allied fighters dead. The Taliban claimed to have killed 232 Afghan security forces and lost only 9 fighters.
    (Reuters, 4/30/15)

2015        May 3, In northwestern Afghanistan Taliban attacks on police checkpoints killed at least 16 policemen in Badakhshan province.
    (AP, 5/4/15)(SFC, 5/5/15, p.A4)
2015        May 3, In Afghanistan at least 18 people died and another three were injured when a minibus plummeted into a ravine in northwestern Badghis province.
    (AP, 5/3/15)

2015        May 4, In Afghanistan a Taliban suicide bomber struck a bus carrying government workers in Kabul, killing one person and wounding thirteen.
    (SFC, 5/5/15, p.A4)

2015        May 6, Afghan officials said as many as 10,000 families have fled their homes as Taliban insurgents and government forces prepared for a major battle for control of the southern fringes of Kunduz city.
    (Reuters, 5/6/15)
2015        May 6, An Afghan judge sentenced four men to death for the March 19 mob killing of a woman accused of burning a Koran. Eight defendants were jailed for 16 years for participating in the attack in which a crowd beat and kicked the woman, named Farkhunda (27), and set her body on fire in Kabul. Nineteen police officers were also on trial, accused of standing by and doing nothing to stop the violence. Their verdicts and sentencing are due later in the week. On July 1 An appeals court set aside death sentences for the four men convicted in the mob killing. Three of those had their sentences reduced to 20 years in jail, while the fourth was re-sentenced to 10 years.
    (Reuters, 5/6/15)(Reuters, 7/2/15)

2015        May 8, In eastern Afghanistan gunmen killed a police officer and a civilian at a cricket match and kidnapped 36 people in Paktia province. All but three of the abductees were soon freed.
    (AP, 5/9/15)

2015        May 9, Afghan officials said the bodies of 18 foreigners have been retrieved from the battlefield around Kunduz city, found to be from Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkey and Chechnya.
    (AP, 5/9/15)

2015        May 10, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber attacked a bus carrying government employees in Kabul, killing 3 people.
    (Reuters, 5/10/15)

2015        May 11, In Afghanistan kidnappers released 19 hostages out of a group of 30 that was kidnapped in February, all members of the Hazara ethnic community from the country's southern Zabul province. The 19 were freed in exchange for 22 Uzbeks.
    (AP, 5/11/15)

2015        May 12, In Afghanistan Pakistani PM Nawaz Sharif promised coordinated military operations with Afghan forces to hunt down militants along their shared border, saying on a visit to Kabul that he condemned a recent Taliban offensive.
    (Reuters, 5/12/15)

2015        May 13, In southern Afghanistan gunmen attacked a government compound, setting off hours of clashes in Lashkar Gah, Helmand province. In central Kabul an attack on the Park palace guesthouse killed at least 14 people, including 9 foreigners.
    (AP, 5/13/15)(Reuters, 5/14/15)(SFC, 5/15/15, p.A2)

2015        May 16, In eastern Afghanistan Taliban militants blocked roads in Paktia province, forcing cars to stop and kidnapping the occupants at gunpoint. Six people were still being held out of the 22 initially abducted.
    (AP, 5/16/15)

2015        May 17, In Afghanistan a suicide car bomber rammed a European Union vehicle near the main airport in Kabul, killing two young girls and a British security contractor.
    (Reuters, 5/17/15)(SFC, 5/20/15, p.A2)

2015        May 18, The spy agencies of Afghanistan and announced that they have agreed to share intelligence and carry out "coordinated intelligence operations" against militants operating along their porous border.
    (AP, 5/19/15)
2015        May 18, In Afghanistan a Taliban attack on a district government headquarters in southern Uruzgan province killed at least 7 people.
    (AP, 5/18/15)

2015        May 19, In Afghanistan a large suicide car bombing struck downtown Kabul, apparently targeting justice ministry employees and killing at least 5 people. Shortly after the blast, the Taliban claimed responsibility for the attack.
    (AP, 5/19/15)(Reuters, 5/19/15)

2015        May 24, In southern Afghanistan Taliban insurgents attacked police checkpoints, killing at least 10 officers in the ongoing assault.
    (AP, 5/24/15)

2015        May 25, In southern Afghanistan a Taliban suicide bomber in a truck loaded with explosives struck a provincial government neighborhood in in Qalat city, Zabul province, wounding nearly 70 people. Taliban gunmen surrounded a police compound in the Naw Zad district of Helmand province. 19 police officers and 7 soldiers were killed.
    (Reuters, 5/25/15)(SFC, 5/26/15, p.A2)

2015        May 26, In Afghanistan insurgents attacked a courthouse in Maidan Shar, the capital of Wardak province, killing 2 police officers.
    (AP, 5/26/15)

2015        May 27, In Afghanistan an all-night siege on the Rabbani Guesthouse in an upscale neighborhood of Kabul, ended in the early hours with the deaths of 4 heavily armed Taliban attackers.
    (AP, 5/27/15)

2015        May 31, In eastern Afghanistan a teacher and 2 students were killed when a rocket struck a school compound in Logar province.
    (Reuters, 5/31/15)

2015        Jun 2, In Afghanistan militants attacked a remote guesthouse and killed 9 Afghans working for a Czech charity in Balkh province. A new report by US-based Brown University said that almost 100,000 people have been killed in Afghanistan since the 2001 US-led invasion.
    (AP, 6/2/15)

2015        Jun 4, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber targeted a police checkpoint at the entrance of Lashkar Gah, Helmand province, killing at least 4 people.
    (AP, 6/4/15)

2015        Jun 5, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed 6 members of a family in the Shah Wali Kot district of Kandahar province. Another roadside bomb killed 5 civilians in Ghazni province. A bombing targeting a passing army vehicle killed a woman and a child near Kabul.
    (SSFC, 6/7/15, p.A5)

2015        Jun 6, In Afghanistan insurgents attacked a convoy of de-miners, allowing all but six to walk free in Logar province. Some 300 hundred Taliban insurgents launched a major assault on the Yamgan district of Badakhshan province. A roadside bomb killed 6 civilians in Uruzgan province.
    (AP, 6/7/15)(SSFC, 6/7/15, p.A5)

2015        Jun 7, In Afghanistan Taliban fighters halted a car carrying six mine removers and abducted them in Logar province. The Taliban launched an assault on Afghan security forces in the Gizab district, Uruzgan province. In the northeastern Badakhshan province, Afghan security forces launched an operation to retake checkpoints overrun by the Taliban in Yamgan district.
    (AP, 6/7/15)

2015        Jun 8, In Afghanistan US Department of Defense civilian employee Krissie K. Davis (54) was killed in a rocket attack on the sprawling Bagram military base.
    (Reuters, 6/10/15)

2015        Jun 9, Afghan officials said a teachers strike demanding higher pay has shut down at least 27 schools in Kabul.
    (AP, 6/9/15)

2015        Jun 11, In northern Afghanistan Hamidullah Khan, a district attorney in increasingly volatile Faryab province, was killed by a sticky bomb that was attached to his car.
    (AP, 6/11/15)

2015        Jun 13, In Afghanistan Taliban fighters overran multiple checkpoints in an overnight raid in Helmand province, killing at least 20 police officers as the battle continued to rage. The Afghan military acknowledged the Taliban controls at least four districts across the country.
    (AP, 6/13/15)

2015        Jun 14, An Afghan district chief and 3 other people died when their car hit a roadside bomb in northern Takhar province. An air strike killed the Taliban "shadow governor" for the eastern province of Kunar. A drone strike killed 14 insurgents in the Dangam district of Kunar province.
    (Reuters, 6/14/15)(AP, 6/15/15)

2015        Jun 15, In Afghanistan 2 people died after their motorbike hit a mine in northern Sari Pul province.
    (AP, 6/15/15)

2015        Jun 16, In Afghanistan roadside bombs struck two vehicles filled with passengers, killing 3 people and wounding 15 in southern Uruzgan province.
    (AP, 6/16/15)
2015        Jun 16, The Afghan Taliban warned the leader of the Islamic State group against waging a parallel insurgency in Afghanistan, after a string of defections and reported clashes with militants loyal to IS.
    (AFP, 6/16/15)

2015        Jun 17, In Afghanistan at least 11 security force members were been killed in a Taliban assault on government buildings in Musa Qala, southern Helmand province.
    (AP, 6/18/15)

2015        Jun 20, In southern Afghanistan a powerful roadside bomb exploded killing at least 12 family members in Helmand province.
    (AP, 6/20/15)(SSFC, 6/21/15, p.A6)

2015        Jun 21, The Afghan Taliban announced a 24-hour telephone "hotline" and email addresses for any government employees wishing to defect to them, as the tech-savvy militants try to bolster public support. Afghan officials said Taliban insurgents have taken control of the Chardara district in northern Kunduz province.
    (AFP, 6/21/15)(AP, 6/21/15)

2015        Jun 22, In Afghanistan a Taliban suicide bomber and six gunmen attacked the parliament as lawmakers met to consider a new defense minister. All 7 militants were killed as well as a woman and a girl (10). A district in the northern province of Kunduz fell to the militants as they intensified a summer offensive.
    (Reuters, 6/22/15)(SFC, 6/23/15, p.A2)
2015        Jun 22, In Afghanistan Dutch aid worker Anja de Beer was kidnapped in Kabul. She was released September 11.
    (Reuters, 9/11/15)

2015        Jun 23, Afghan government forces regained control of a key district near the northern city of Kunduz, after Taliban fighters had threatened to capture a provincial capital for the first time since being driven from power in 2001.
    (Reuters, 6/23/15)

2015        Jun 26, In Afghanistan a US air strike took place in Nuristan, an eastern province next to Pakistan that is partially controlled by the Taliban. 6 militants were reported killed.
    (Reuters, 6/28/15)

2015        Jun 27, In Afghanistan a US air strike took place in Paktika province, a stronghold of the Haqqani network and other groups allied with the Taliban. One al-Qaida operative was reported killed.
    (Reuters, 6/28/15)

2015        Jun 28, In Afghanistan 11 government soldiers were killed in a Taliban ambush on an army convoy in the western Herat province.
    (AP, 6/29/15)

2015        Jun 30, Afghanistan signed an extension to a long-running UN police support program that will transfer some $900 million to the government over the next 18 months. A Taliban suicide car bomb attack on a convoy of NATO troops in Kabul wounded 21 Afghan civilians and killed one. Another Taliban suicide attack targeted a police headquarters in Helmand province, killing 2 people and wounding more than 50.
    (AP, 6/30/15)(Reuters, 6/30/15)
2015        Jun 30, Afghan Brig. Gen. Abdul Samad Habib, commandor of a recruitment center in Balkh province, was arrested with 19 kg (41 pounds) of heroin in an army vehicle in the northern Baghlan province. Habib was charged with drug smuggling.
    (AP, 7/1/15)

2015        Jul 1, Border clashes between Afghan and Pakistani security forces broke out, killing at least one person and potentially undermining efforts by both sides to improve relations.
    (Reuters, 7/1/15)
2015        Jul 1, In Afghanistan 3 children were killed and four wounded after they found an unexploded mortar in a field while playing in southern Kandahar province.
    (AP, 7/1/15)
2015        Jul 1, In Afghanistan a nighttime Taliban attack on police checkpoints in the strategic Wardak province killed 7 local policemen. The Taliban captured five of the checkpoints attacked in Jalrez district and fighting continued into the next day.
    (AP, 7/2/15)

2015        Jul 5, In Afghanistan Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, one of the best known jihadist leaders of the 1980s, announced that he had ditched the Taliban in favor of the Islamic State caliphate.
    (http://tinyurl.com/neb86kv)(Econ, 8/1/15, p.36)

2015        Jul 7, Afghan President Ashraf Ghani said he had sent a delegation to Pakistan to meet Taliban representatives, his first acknowledgement of official talks with insurgents who are fighting to topple the government in Kabul. The Taliban staged two separate suicide bombings in Kabul, killing at least one person and wounded three, including a NATO soldier.
    (Reuters, 7/7/15)(AP, 7/7/15)
2015        Jul 7, In Afghanistan Shahidullah Shahid, a former member of the Pakistani Taliban, was killed along with 5 militants. He had defected to the Islamic State and was operating in Afghanistan. Shahid was killed in the same strike that killed Islamic State number two in Afghanistan Gul Zaman, along with 49 militants in the eastern Achin district of Nangarhar province. One other commander was also killed.
    (Reuters, 7/9/15)

2015        Jul 8, Afghan lawmakers rejected the first ever female nominee for the country's Supreme Court, a setback to the government's efforts to promote women to high-profile positions. Anisa Rasouli, the head of the Afghan Woman Judges' Association and a juvenile court judge, needed 97 votes out of 193 to win, but managed only 88 votes.
    (AFP, 7/8/15)
2015        Jul 8, Pakistan said Afghan and Taliban representatives have agreed to meet again after landmark through-the-night talks aimed at ending a 13-year insurgency.
    (AFP, 7/8/15)

2015        Jul 10, In Afghanistan Hafez Saeed, a senior commander in the Pakistani branch of the Taliban, was killed in a US air strike along with 30 other militants as they gathered in Achin district of Nangarhar province. He was among a small but increasing number of senior Taliban militants who have switched allegiance to Islamic State.
    (Reuters, 7/11/15)

2015        Jul 11, In Afghanistan Abu Khalil al-Sudani, described as a high-ranking Al Qaeda operational commander, was killed in a US airstrike in Paktika province. He was reportedly the head of Al Qaeda's suicide and explosives operations.
    (CSM, 7/24/15)

2015        Jul 12, In Afghanistan at least 12 civilians were reported killed in a pair of roadside bomb explosions in Kapisa and Kunduz provinces. In the southeast a suicide car bomb killed 33 people and wounded 10 on the outskirts of Khost city.
    (AP, 7/12/15)    (Reuters, 7/13/15)

2015        Jul 16, In Afghanistan Taliban gunmen killed 8 people including 4 police officers and 2 children in an ambush in Mihtarlam, the provincial capital of Laghman province.
    (AP, 7/16/15)

2015        Jul 20, A NATO airstrike hit two Afghan military checkpoints in a restive province east of Kabul, killing 7 Afghan troops in what an Afghan official described as an accident due to bad coordination. President Ashraf Ghani expressed his "profound sorrow" over the tragedy and ordered an investigation into the killings.
    (AP, 7/20/15)

2015        Jul 22, In northern Afghanistan a suicide bomber attacked a market crowded with shoppers, killing at least 19 people and wounding 38 amid other Taliban assaults in Faryab province.
    (AP, 7/22/15)

2015        Jul 25, In Afghanistan Meya Hassian Adel, a respected tribal elder and former head of the provincial council in Kunar, was killed by gunmen in eastern Kunar province. At least 11 people were wounded after a bomb attached to a motorbike detonated near a police station in northern Takhar province. In eastern Nangarhar province, two civilians and two policemen were wounded when a bomb exploded in Jalalabad.
    (AP, 7/25/15)
2015        Jul 25, In northeastern Afghanistan the Taliban took control of the Tirgaran police base in Badakhshan province after some 100 police and border guards surrendered and joined the insurgents following three days of fighting. Elsewhere in Badakhshan heavy rains left at least 6 people, including women and children, dead in Kofab district. In northern Baghlan province 11 people were kidnapped after gunmen stopped their vehicle in Dahna-i Ghori district.   
    (AP, 7/26/15)

2015        Jul 26, In northern Afghanistan a shootout at a wedding party left 21 people dead and eight wounded in Baghlan province. In northern Sari Pul province, a local police commander and seven of his men surrendered to the Taliban in Kohistanat district.
    (AP, 7/27/15)

2015        Jul 29, The Afghanistan government said Mullah Omar, leader of the Taliban movement behind an escalating insurgency against the government in Kabul, had died in April, 2013, in Pakistan. The Afghan Taliban appointed Akhtar Mohammad Mansour as leader of the insurgency. Pakistan's defense minister later insisted that Mullah Omar died in Afghanistan and was buried there.
    (Reuters, 7/29/15)(Reuters, 7/30/15)(SFC, 7/30/15, p.A2)(AP, 8/7/15)

2015        Jul 30, The Taliban's official spokesman disavowed peace talks with the Afghan government, throwing fledgling efforts to negotiate an end to 14 years of war into disarray.
    (Reuters, 7/30/15)

2015        Aug 2, In Afghanistan 8 fighters, including a commander, were killed in a battle over the leadership between two Taliban groups in a village in Shindand district.
    (Reuters, 8/4/15)

2015        Aug 4, Taliban official Syed Mohammad Tayab Agha announced he was stepping down as director of the Political Office in the Qatari capital Doha, originally set up to enable the Taliban to negotiate in any peace process. His resignation came amid a growing leadership struggle in the Afghan insurgent movement after the news of the death of leader Mullah Mohammad Omar last week.
    (Reuters, 8/4/15)

2015        Aug 5, An Afghan official said drone strikes have killed up to 60 insurgents, many of them allied to the Islamic State group, in recent days in Nangarhar and Paktika provinces.
    (AP, 8/5/15)

2015        Aug 6, Afghan officials said a truck bomb targeting an Afghan special forces base in Logar province killed at least 6 people and wounded dozens.
    (Reuters, 8/6/15)
2015        Aug 6, An Afghan Russian-made M-17 military helicopter crashed, killing all 17 people on board. The Taliban said it shot down the helicopter in the southern province of Zabul, but a government official blamed a technical failure and said there had been no gunfire.
    (Reuters, 8/6/15)(SFC, 8/7/15, p.A3)

2015        Aug 7, In Afghanistan an early morning truck bomb tore through buildings in central Kabul, killing at least 15 people and wounding 248 others. A suicide bombing at a police academy killed 27 people and wounded 28. One international service member and 8 Afghan contractors were killed in an attack on Camp Integrity.
    (Reuters, 8/8/15)(AFP, 8/8/15)

2015        Aug 8, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber in northern Kunduz province killed 29 people, mainly members of illegal armed groups that have clashed with security forces and the insurgents in the past. Taliban spokesman Zabihullah Mujahid claimed responsibility for the attack.
    (AP, 8/9/15)

2015        Aug 10, The Afghan Pres. Ashraf Ghani called on Pakistan to crack down on the Taliban after a suicide car bombing earlier in the day killed 5 people near Kabul's international airport.
    (AP, 8/10/15)

2015        Aug 11, In eastern Afghanistan unknown gunmen kidnapped 12 ethnic minority Hazaras from a car in Ghazni, days after suspected Taliban fighters kidnapped and killed 4 Hazaras in the same province.
    (Reuters, 8/12/15)

2015        Aug 12, In Afghanistan Taliban fighters disguised in police uniforms infiltrated a security forces compound in Helmand province and killed 14 security personnel. The Taliban used US-built Humvees with mounted machine guns.
    (Reuters, 8/12/15)(Reuters, 9/22/15)

2015        Aug 13, Al Qaeda leader Ayman al-Zawahiri, in an online audio message, pledged allegiance to Mullah Mohammad Akhtar Mansour, the new head of the Afghan Taliban, in a move that could bolster his accession after the death of Taliban founder Mullah Mohammad Omar.
    (Reuters, 8/13/15)
2015        Aug 13, A high-level Afghan delegation arrived in Pakistan to discuss security cooperation and peace efforts.
    (AP, 8/13/15)

2015        Aug 15, Afghan police arrested five people near the northern town of Sar-e-Pul after they were filmed beating a man and his daughter accused of robbery by a village fortune teller.
    (Reuters, 8/15/15)

2015        Aug 17, In Afghanistan a German woman, believed to be employed by German government aid agency GIZ, was kidnapped in Kabul by armed assailants.
    (AP, 8/17/15)

2015        Aug 21, In Afghanistan a Taliban ambush on Vice-President Abdul Rashid Dostum's convoy backfired when the war-hardened leader's men fought back, killing at least 4 militants and capturing a dozen more on a remote highway in Faryab province.
    (Reuters, 8/20/15)

2015        Aug 22, In Afghanistan a car bomb targeting a vehicle carrying foreign citizens killed 12 people, including 3 US contractors, outside a hospital on a busy Kabul street. Security sources said the target was a group of foreign security contractors working for DynCorp International.
    (Reuters, 8/22/15)
2015        Aug 22, In Afghanistan three US air strikes killed up to 40 militants, but they regrouped and chased government officials out of Musa Qala, Helmand province.
    (Reuters, 8/26/15)

2015        Aug 23, An Afghan official said the bodies of 3 border police officers, abducted last week in Paktika province, have been found by local residents.
    (AP, 8/23/15)
2015        Aug 23, Militants firing from Afghan territory killed four Pakistani soldiers along the border at the Akhandwala Pass.
    (Reuters, 8/23/15)

2015        Aug 24, In Afghanistan the Taliban seized Musa Qala, Helmand province, despite US air strikes to repel them.
    (Reuters, 8/26/15)

2015        Aug 26, In Afghanistan two men in military uniforms opened fire in the former British base of Camp Bastion, killing 2 NATO soldiers. In southern Afghanistan US forces launched multiple air strikes on Musa Qala, seized by the Taliban a day earlier.
    (AFP, 8/26/15)(SFC, 8/28/15, p.A2)

2015        Aug 28, In Afghanistan at least 8 officers were killed and 15 wounded in separate Taliban attacks on police checkpoints in Andar and Qarabagh districts. 5 police officers were killed when their vehicle hit roadside bomb in the Chora district of Uruzgan province An Afghan forces airstrike killed 16 insurgents and wounded 17 in Ghazni's capital. Afghan forces launched an operation to retake the district of Musa Qala in fighting that killed six soldiers and wounded 14.
    (AP, 8/29/15)(AP, 8/30/15)       

2015        Aug 29, A Taliban official said gunbattles between rival Taliban factions left at least five dead in southern Afghanistan as its members met in Pakistan to resolve a leadership crisis following the death of its former leader Mullah Mohammad Omar.
    (AP, 8/29/15)

2015        Sep 1, Afghan Pres. Ashraf Ghani called for a national jihad (holy war) against corruption.
    (SFC, 9/2/15, p.A6)

2015        Sep 3, In Afghanistan officials from more than 30 nations and 40 international organizations gathered in Kabul for a regional economic conference to explore ways of rebuilding the country after more than 40 years of war.
    (AP, 9/3/15)

2015        Sep 5, In northern Afghanistan at least 13 people were killed by gunmen who attacked a minibus in Balkh province. All the victims belonged to the largely Shi'ite Hazara ethnic minority.
    (Reuters, 9/5/15)

2015        Sep 7, An Afghan official said a NATO airstrike in southern Helmand province has killed at least 11 police officers and employees of the Interior Ministry's anti-narcotics department. US officials denied that a NATO strike was responsible.
    (AP, 9/7/15)

2015        Sep 10, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed 5 officers who were on patrol in Ghazni city. The annual celebration of national hero Ahmed Shah Massoud (1953-2001) descended into violence leaving at least 2 people dead in Kabul.
    (AP, 9/10/15)(SFC, 9/11/15, p.A3)
2015        Sep 10, In Afghanistan the annual celebration of national hero Ahmed Shah Massoud descended into violence leaving at least 2 people dead in Kabul.
    (SFC, 9/11/15, p.A3)

2015        Sep 14, In Afghanistan Taliban insurgents stormed a prison on the outskirts of Ghazni, killing police and releasing 355 of the 436 prisoners, including nearly 150 deemed a threat to national security, and then attacked troops rushing to help. 4 Taliban and 4 members of the security forces were killed in the attack.
    (Reuters, 9/14/15)

2015        Sep 16, The Afghan Taliban said that a major dispute undermining the movement has been resolved, after relatives of the militant group's late leader, Mullah Omar, pledged support for his appointed successor Mullah Mansour.
    (Reuters, 9/16/15)

2015        Sep 18, In Afghanistan at least 8 police officers were killed after their checkpoint was attacked in southern Zabul province.
    (AP, 9/19/15)

2015        Sep 19, Pakistani jets killed 16 suspected militants in bombing raids in the Tirah Valley near the Afghan border. Communications intercepts showed the Pakistani Taliban gunmen were being directed by handlers in Afghanistan.
    (Reuters, 9/19/15)

2015        Sep 22, In northern Afghanistan 10 soldiers died in an "insider attack" when fellow soldier Mohammad Alim smuggled insurgents inside a checkpoint to kill his colleagues in Qush Tepa district of Zawzjan province. A roadside bombing in northern Balkh province killed 5 police officers, including a district police chief.
    (AP, 9/22/15)
2015        Sep 22, In eastern Afghanistan a NATO soldier was killed in an attack near Bagram Airfield.
    (AP, 9/22/15)

2015        Sep 23, Afghan Pres. Ashraf Ghani pledged to stamp out widespread sexual abuse of boys by powerful Afghan commanders.
    (SFC, 9/24/15, p.A2)

2015        Sep 27, In eastern Afghanistan Islamic State gunmen attacked checkpoints in Nangarhar province, killing 3 police in the group's first attack on the country's security forces. Afghanistan responded to the pre-dawn attack with a wave of airstrikes that killed 85 IS militants. All the terrorists killed were reportedly Pakistani citizens under the command of Hafiz Saeed, who was also killed.
    (AP, 9/27/15)

2015        Sep 28, In northern Afghanistan Taliban fighters battled their way into the center of Kunduz city and freed hundreds of fellow militants from jail, in one of the most serious security breaches in 14 years of war. 3 militants and at least 17 Afghan police were reported killed in the fighting. Over the next three days the Taliban hounded women of public profile and looted and destroyed offices of many organizations that supported and protected women in the city.
    (Reuters, 9/28/15)(Reuters, 9/29/15)(SFC, 10/15/15, p.A4)

2015        Sep 29, Afghan forces backed by US air support battled Taliban fighters for control of the northern city of Kunduz, after the militants seized a provincial capital for the first time since their ouster 14 years ago. At least 30 insurgents claiming loyalty to Islamic State were killed when militants attacked police checkpoints in Achin district, Nangarhar province.
    (Reuters, 9/29/15)

2015        Sep 30, In Afghanistan special forces from the US-led military coalition battled insurgents near the northern city of Kunduz that was captured by the Taliban this week.
    (Reuters, 9/30/15)

2015        Oct 1, Afghan troops recaptured the center of the strategic northern city of Kunduz amid fierce clashes with Taliban militants, three days after losing the provincial capital in a humbling defeat for Kabul and its US allies. 150 Taliban were reported killed and 90 wounded in the overnight offensive. The insurgents looted banks and seized military equipment during their three-day occupation.
    (Reuters, 10/1/15)

2015        Oct 2, In eastern Afghanistan a US Air Force C-130J military transport plane crashed overnight at Jalalabad air field, killing 6 American airmen and 5 civilians on the aircraft.
    (AP, 10/2/15)

2015        Oct 3, In Afghanistan a US airstrike hit a hospital run by Medecins Sans Frontieres in the city of Kunduz, killing at least 22 people in what the US military called possible "collateral damage" in the battle to oust Taliban insurgents. On Oct 25 Doctors Without Borders raised the death toll to 30. On Nov 23 Gen. John Campbell called the airstrike a tragic mistake and said several service members have been suspended from duty following an internal investigation. On March 22, 2016, US Army Gen. John Nicholson, the new commander of US and NATO forces in Afghanistan,  apologized to the people of Kunduz for the deadly attack that killed 42 people.
    (Reuters, 10/3/15)(AP, 10/4/15)(AFP, 10/2515)(SFC, 11/26/15, p.A6)

2015        Oct 6, In Afghanistan acting Kunduz Gov. Hamdullah Danishi said Taliban fighters on motorbikes have carried out hit-and-run attacks on Afghan forces trying to clear Kunduz city of insurgents. In Kabul at least 3 Taliban fighters were killed and seven policemen wounded in a 10-hour gun battle that began a day earlier.
    (Reuters, 10/6/15)

2015        Oct 9, In Afghanistan 3 civilians were killed and four wounded after they were caught in the crossfire of a Taliban attack on troops south of Kabul.
    (AP, 10/9/15)

2015        Oct 11, In Afghanistan an explosion targeted a NATO military convoy in Kabul, wounding three civilians.
    (AP, 10/11/15)

2015        Oct 12, In Afghanistan fighting intensified around the city of Ghazni, as Taliban militants threatened to seize a second provincial capital after briefly occupying Kunduz in the north last month. Toorpakai Olfat, local UN staffer, was shot and killed by two gunmen on a motorbike as she was on her way to work in Kandahar.
    (AP, 10/12/15)

2015        Oct 13, The Afghan Taliban said they were pulling back in the northern city of Kunduz in order to protect civilians, but fighting continued elsewhere in the country with government troops battling to reopen the main highway south of the capital Kabul.
    (Reuters, 10/13/15)

2015        Oct 14, Afghan police said Taliban insurgents overran two checkpoints in southern Helmand province and killed 29 border police officers.
    (AP, 10/14/15)

2015        Oct 15, President Barack Obama said he will slow the pace of withdrawing US troops from Afghanistan, prolonging the 14-year US engagement there and effectively handing off the task of pulling out to his successor.
    (Reuters, 10/15/15)

2015        Oct 18, In northwestern Afghanistan the Taliban captured the Ghormach district of Faryab province. The insurgents detained the district police chief, who was wounded, along with 13 other police.
    (AP, 10/20/15)

2015        Oct 20, Afghan officials said First VP Abdul Rashid Dostum has been tapped to lead a mission to retake the Ghormach district in Faryab province, captured over the weekend by the Taliban.
    (SFC, 10/21/15, p.A3)
2015        Oct 20, The United States imposed sanctions on Torek Agha, a Taliban leader and fundraiser, who it said helped plan military attacks in Afghanistan, authorize the assassination of Afghan government leaders and raise millions of dollars for the Taliban.
    (Reuters, 10/20/15)

2015        Oct 22, Taliban fighters fled to the banks of the Amu River, one of the longest in Central Asia, deserting motorbikes and using fishing boats to reach the island on the border between Afghanistan and Turkmenistan after fleeing army troops led by the Afghan VP General Abdul Rashid Dostum.
    (Reuters, 10/24/15)

2015        Oct 24, Afghan security forces retook control of the Ghormach district in the northwestern province of Faryab after it was overrun by the Taliban several days ago.
    (AP, 10/24/15)

2015        Oct 26, In Afghanistan 2 security guards working for the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission were killed in the eastern city of Jalalabad when a roadside bomb blew up as their vehicle passed.
    (Reuters, 10/2615)
2015        Oct 26, A major earthquake struck the remote Afghan northeast, killing at least 135 people in Afghanistan and nearby northern Pakistan and sending shock waves as far as New Delhi. The death toll from the 7.5 magnitude quake soon reached 390 with 272 killed in Pakistan and 121 in Afghanistan.
    (Reuters, 10/2615)(AP, 10/29/15)

2015        Oct 27, The Taliban encouraged aid groups to help victims of the massive earthquake in northern Afghanistan and Pakistan as rescuers struggled to form a clear picture of the damage caused by the disaster as the death toll passed 300.
    (Reuters, 10/27/15)

2015        Oct 28, In Afghanistan Taliban insurgents overran the district capital of Darqand in Takhar province, one of the northern provinces hit by a powerful earthquake this week.
    (Reuters, 10/28/15)
2015        Oct 28, Germany's Interior Minister Thomas de Maiziere said the rising number of Afghan asylum seekers was "unacceptable", as he urged young citizens of the south Asian nation to stay at home and rebuild their homeland.
    (AFP, 10/28/15)

2015        Nov 1, A joint communique by the US and five Central Asian countries declared support for Afghanistan and its development as an independent and peaceful state.
    (Reuters, 11/1/15)

2015        Nov 4, Afghanistan's president ordered a probe into the fatal stoning a week earlier of a young woman in a Taliban-controlled area after she was accused of adultery. The woman, identified as Rokhsana and believed to be aged between 19 and 21, had been forced to marry and was accused of adultery after she tried eloping with another man. The man she was eloping with was let off with a lashing.
    (AFP, 11/4/15)

2015        Nov 8, Afghan police said Islamic State militants have killed 7 people, including 3 women, in Zabul province. They had been abducted on Oct 1 from Rasani village in neighboring Ghazni province. The victims were members of the Hazara ethnic group.
    (Reuters, 11/8/15)

2015        Nov 9, Afghan officials said rival groups of Taliban militants have clashed in the southern province of Zabul, killing as many as 80 people in recent days.
    (Reuters, 11/9/15)

2015        Nov 11, In Afghanistan about 10,000 people marched in Kabul to demand justice for the Hazara Shite minority and calling on the government to do more to ensure the nation's security or step down.
    (AP, 11/11/15)
2015        Nov 11, In Afghanistan Mullah Mansoor Dadullah was reportedly lured into a trap and killed by members of the main Taliban group in the Khak-e-Afghan district of southeastern Zabul province.
    (AP, 11/12/15)

2015        Nov 14, In Afghanistan Helmand Governor Mirza Khan Rahimi said at least 65 Afghan soldiers have defected to the Taliban, taking their weapons and equipment with them and 88 have been killed in days of heavy fighting in the southern province.
    (Reuters, 11/14/15)
2015        Nov 14, In Afghanistan a drone strike in Nangarhar province killed 12 Taliban. The dead included 3 Afghans and 9 foreigners. When Afghan officials refer to foreigners they usually mean Pakistanis.
    (AP, 11/15/15)

2015        Nov 15, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber targeted a convoy of foreign forces just outside Lashkar Gah, Helmand province, killing one civilian and wounding 12 others.
    (Reuters, 11/15/15)

2015        Nov 18, Germany said it will send 130 more soldiers to Afghanistan in support for Afghan forces struggling to tackle an Islamist insurgency.
    (Reuters, 11/18/15)

2015        Nov 21, In Afghanistan up to 20 ethnic Hazaras were abducted in the volatile southern province of Zabul.
    (AP, 11/21/15)

2015        Nov 24, In Afghanistan Taliban insurgents captured 16 people in Faryab province after their helicopter made an emergency landing in territory under the militants' control. 3 people were killed in a shootout followed.
    (Reuters, 11/24/15)(AP, 11/24/15)

2015        Nov 28, In Afghanistan a senior member of the election commission survived an assassination attempt when a suicide bomber targeted his vehicle in Kabul, killing one of his employees and wounding two others.
    (AFP, 11/28/15)

2015        Dec 1, In northern Afghanistan an explosion struck a group of children who were playing on the outskirts of Puli Khumri, Baghlan province, killing 3 boys and wounding 12 children, four of them critically.
    (AP, 12/1/15)

2015        Dec 2, Afghan Taliban leader Mullah Akhtar Mansour was injured in a firefight following an argument at a meeting of militant commanders in Pakistan. 4 people were reported killed in the firefight.
    (AFP, 12/2/15)

2015        Dec 3, In southern Afghanistan a US-Afghan military operation backed by helicopter gunships freed more than 40 soldiers and police held captive in a Taliban prison in Nawzad district of Helmand province.
    (AFP, 12/4/15)

2015        Dec 4, In Afghanistan a mortar attack by government troops killed at least 8 civilians and wounded two others near a mosque in a district south of Kabul.
    (Reuters, 12/5/15)

2015        Dec 5, The Afghan Taliban released an audio message it said was from leader Mullah Akhtar Mansour, vehemently rejecting reports of his death in a firefight with his own commanders as "enemy propaganda".
    (AFP, 12/5/15)

2015        Dec 8, In southern Afghanistan Taliban militants stormed the airport complex in Kandahar city, triggering gunfights and explosions as a regional conference kicked off in Pakistan with hopes of reviving peace talks with the insurgents. More than 50 people were reported killed and dozens more wounded in renewed and ongoing fighting between rival Taliban factions in Shindand district near the western city of Herat.
    (AFP, 12/8/15)(Reuters, 12/8/15)
2015        Dec 8, Six Afghan children drowned after a rubber dinghy carrying migrants to Greece sank off Turkey's Aegean coast.
    (AP, 12/8/15)

2015        Dec 9, In Afghanistan 38 civilians and 12 members of Afghan security forces were killed in fighting at the airport in Kandahar as operations ended. 11 Taliban were also reported killed. Officials said the district of Khanishin in Helmand province has fallen to the insurgents. 14 policemen were killed and 11 others wounded.
    (Reuters, 12/9/15)(AP, 12/10/15)
2015        Dec 9, India and Pakistan announced that they were resuming the dialogue on outstanding issues, ending a two-year-long stalemate. A regional conference held in Pakistan ended with calls for the resumption of Afghan peace negotiations and an agreement by Islamabad and New Delhi to relaunch bilateral talks that broke down in August over tensions in Kashmir.
    (AP, 12/9/15)(SSFC, 12/13/15, p.A25)

2015        Dec 10, In Afghanistan a woman detonated her explosives' vest at a checkpoint in eastern Nangarhar province, killing her 3 children and an officer who stopped their suspicious-looking car.
    (AP, 12/11/15)

2015        Dec 11, In Afghanistan three Taliban insurgents staged a car bomb attack on a guest house near the Spanish embassy in Kabul. 7 people were killed in addition to the 3 attackers.
    (Reuters, 12/11/15)(SFC, 12/12/15, p.A2)(AFP, 12/13/15)(SSFC, 12/13/15, p.A7)

2015        Dec 13, Afghan forces battled to hold Marjah district center in Helmand province that Taliban insurgents have cut off as part of a months-long campaign in which they have taken three districts and threatened the regional capital.
    (Reuters, 12/13/15)

2015        Dec 14, In Afghanistan 8 family members, including 5 children aged from two months to five years, were found in the eastern province of Nangahar, each shot once in the head, apparently by three unknown men who had been guests of the family.
    (Reuters, 12/15/15)

2015        Dec 18, Afghan forces drove Taliban militants out of the center of a district in the southern province of Helmand, as they fought back against insurgents who have threatened a series of districts over recent months.
    (Reuters, 12/18/15)

2015        Dec 20, In Afghanistan the deputy governor of Helmand said the province could fall to the Taliban after months of heavy fighting, with 90 members of the security forces killed over the past two days.
    (Reuters, 12/20/15)

2015        Dec 21, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber attacked a joint NATO-Afghan patrol near Bagram air base killing 6 NATO service members, all Americans.
    (Reuters, 12/21/15)(Reuters, 12/22/15)

2015        Dec 22, In Afghanistan British military advisers were deployed to the Helmand region. Military planes dropped supplies to besieged Afghan forces in Sangin after Taliban insurgents captured large swathes of the opium-growing southern district.
    (AFP, 12/22/15)

2015        Dec 23, The Afghan defense minister said the military has rushed reinforcements to a southern district threatened for days with takeover by the Taliban.
    (AP, 12/23/15)

2015        Dec 24, In Afghanistan senior army commander General Abdul Wodud said a joint Afghan and NATO operation backed by air support had driven the Taliban back from central areas, killing 60 Taliban fighters and wounding 40. The interior ministry said security forces had killed a senior Taliban commander it identified as Mullah Nasir.
    (Reuters, 12/24/15)
2015        Dec 24, In northern Afghanistan at least 24 people were killed when a passenger bus plunged into a ravine after a head-on collision with a truck in Samangan province.
    (AFP, 12/25/15)

2015        Dec 25, In Afghanistan and Pakistan a 6.3 earthquake jolted the Hindu Kush just before midnight. At least 12 people were injured in eastern Nangarhar province. A pregnant woman was killed when a boulder fell on her house in Peshawar.
    (AFP, 12/26/15)

2015        Dec 27, An Afghan official said the local Islamic State affiliate and a rival militia controlled by a prominent lawmaker have killed 8 fighters from both sides, captured a day earlier, in a brutal killing spree in the eastern border province of Nangarhar.
    (AP, 12/27/15)

2015        Dec 28, In Afghanistan two gunmen on a motorbike shot and killed a female polio vaccination campaigner and seriously wounded her granddaughter. A suicide car bomb attack killed at least one civilian near the Kabul international airport.
    (Reuters, 12/28/15)(AP, 12/28/15)

2015        Dec, In Afghanistan a new, nearly $100 million Afghan National Assembly building was inaugurated.
    (Reuters, 5/30/16)
2015        In Afghanistan at least 3,545 noncombatants died and another 7,457 were injured by fighting this year in a 4-percent increase over 2014.
    (Reuters, 2/14/16)

2016        Jan 1, In Afghanistan a suicide attack at a French restaurant in Kabul killed 2 people wounded at least five.
    (Reuters, 1/1/16)(AP, 1/1/16)

2016        Jan 2, Afghan officials said special forces have freed 59 prisoners from a Taliban jail in Helmand, as government troops redouble their efforts to drive back the insurgents who have seized large parts of the volatile southern province.
    (Reuters, 1/2/16)

2016        Jan 3, In Afghanistan an army M-17 helicopter crashed in the eastern Logar province, killing 3 Afghan soldiers.
    (AP, 1/3/16)

2016        Jan 4, Afghan troops rappelled from helicopters onto the roof of a four-story building near the Indian Consulate in Mazar-i-Sharif to drive out gunmen who had attacked the diplomatic mission the night before. A truck bomb attack on Camp Baron, a compound for civilian contractors near Kabul airport, wounding at least 30 Afghan civilians. Earlier today a suicide bomber blew himself up near a police checkpoint without causing any other casualties. The bodies of 5 soldiers were found on the outskirts of the eastern city of Ghazni. They had been abducted from a main highway around a week earlier by Taliban insurgents.
    (AP, 1/4/16)(Reuters, 1/4/16)

2016        Jan 5, In Afghanistan one US service member was killed and two wounded in an operation near Marjah in Helmand province.
    (AFP, 1/5/16)

2016        Jan 10, It was reported that Afghan forces are struggling to man the front lines against a resurgent Taliban, in part because of untold numbers of "ghost" troops who are paid salaries but only exist on paper.
    (AP, 1/10/16)

2016        Jan 11, In Afghanistan Canadian hostage Colin Rutherford was released in Ghazni province's remote Giro district. Rutherford was seized in November 2010 and accused of being a spy.
    (AP, 1/12/16)
2016        Jan 11, In Pakistan representatives from Afghanistan, Pakistan, China and the United States gathered in Islamabad hoping to lay the roadmap to peace for the war-shattered Afghan nation.
    (AP, 1/11/16)

2016        Jan 13, In Afghanistan an attack on Pakistan's Consulate in Jalalabad, Nangarhar province killed at least 7 members of the Afghan security forces. A branch of the Islamic State group claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 1/13/16)

2016        Jan 17, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide bomber targeting a gathering in Nangarhar province killed 14 people, including seven members of a prominent pro-government clan at the Jalalabad home of Obaidullah Shinwari.
    {Afghan}
    (AFP, 1/17/16)(SFC, 1/18/16, p.A2)

2016        Jan 18, Representatives from Afghanistan, Pakistan, China and the United States gathered in Kabul and called on the Taliban to resume peace talks with the Afghan government.
    (AP, 1/18/16)

2016        Jan 20, In Afghanistan a suicide car bomber targeted a van carrying journalists working for a private Afghan television channel, killing 7 people during evening rush hour close to the national parliament in Kabul.
    (Reuters, 1/20/16)

2016        Jan 25, In southern Afghanistan 3 border policemen were killed and three others were wounded in a suicide attack near an important border crossing at Spin Boldak. An Afghan policeman turned his weapon on fellow officers as they were sleeping in their quarters near a checkpoint in the country's south, killing 10 in Uruzgan province. The Taliban quickly claimed responsibility for the incident.
    (AP, 1/25/16)(AP, 1/26/16)

2016        Jan 27, The UN launched an appeal for $393 million in humanitarian aid to Afghanistan to help millions of vulnerable people this year.
    (AP, 1/27/16)

2016        Jan 29, Human Rights Watch said Iran's Revolutionary Guards has recruited thousands of Afghans, some by coercion, to fight in Syria's war alongside forces loyal to President Bashar al-Assad.
    (AFP, 1/29/16)

2016        Jan, In Afghanistan the Taliban fighting strength was estimated to be between 40,000and 60,000.
    (Econ, 1/9/16, p.33)

2016        Feb 1, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber blew himself up in Kabul, killing 10 people and wounding 20 after joining a queue to enter an office of the civil order police. Wasil Ahmad (10), who had fought the Taliban alongside his uncle on many occasions, was killed by insurgents while on his way to school in Tirin Kot, Uruzgan province.
    (Reuters, 2/1/16)(AP, 2/3/16)

2016        Feb 6, Afghanistan, China, Pakistan and the United States launched their third round of talks aimed at finding a way to get the warring Taliban to sit and talk peace with the Afghan government. The talks in Islamabad concluded with a call for direct talks between the government and the Taliban by the end of February.
    (AP, 2/6/16)

2016        Feb 7, Afghan officials said a policeman was killed in a roadside bomb explosion in Puli Alim, the capital of Logar province. Eight others were wounded in the attack including head provincial judge, Haqiq Rahman, and the head of the city's appeals court, Abdul Rahman, as well as two other judges and four civilians.
    (AP, 2/7/16)

2016        Feb 8, In eastern Afghanistan suicide bomber struck in a crowded market, killing 5 civilians and wounding nine others in Paktika province. In northern Balkh province a suicide bomber targeting an Afghan army minibus near a base killed at least 3 soldiers and wounded another 18 military personnel. In the eastern Nangarhar province a presidential palace guard was shot dead inside his home in an attack that also wounded his mother.
    (AP, 2/8/16)

2016        Feb 10, Four Afghan policemen were killed and another seven wounded when one of their colleagues opened fire on them in Kandahar province.
    (AP, 2/11/16)

2016        Feb 13, In Afghanistan 4 policemen and one soldier were killed and seven others wounded in double-suicide attacks on their checkpoint outside a security forces station in the southern Helmand province. 5 insurgents equipped with suicide vests were shot and killed by security forces. Another policeman was killed and four others wounded when their vehicle was hit by a roadside bomb in the southern Uruzgan province.
    (AP, 2/13/16)

2016        Feb 18, In central Afghanistan 2 patients and a caretaker were killed during an overnight raid by Afghan forces on a Swedish-run health clinic in Wardak province. 4 insurgents were reported killed.
    (Reuters, 2/18/16)

2016        Feb 20, Afghan officials said security forces have pulled out of bases in Musa Qala, a strategic district of the southern province of Helmand, after months of heavy fighting with Taliban insurgents.
    (AP, 2/20/16)

2016        Feb 22, Afghan officials siad government forces have pulled out of a second district in Helmand, leaving the Taliban in control of most of the northern part of the province after troops withdrew from Musa Qala district last week.
    (Reuters, 2/22/16)

2016        Feb 23, Officials from Afghanistan, Pakistan, the United States and China meeting in Kabul were expect to set a date for the first direct talks with the Taliban since a previous round in the peace process broke down last year.
    (Reuters, 2/23/16)

2016        Feb 24, Afghan officials took delivery of 10,000 automatic rifles and millions of rounds of ammunition as a gift from Russia, another sign of deepening involvement by Moscow in the war-torn country.
    (Reuters, 2/24/16)

2016        Feb 26, In Afghanistan a policeman was killed and a further 30 were detained in a joint operation between Afghan troops and US forces against police suspected of supporting Taliban insurgents in embattled Helmand province.
    (Reuters, 2/28/16)

2016        Feb 27, In Afghanistan 13 civilians were killed when a suicide bomber on a motorcycle attacked a local tribal leader near a park in eastern Kunar province. A Taliban suicide bomber blew himself up near the defense ministry in Kabul killing 15 people and wounded 33.
    (AP, 2/27/16)(Reuters, 2/27/16)

2016        Feb 29, An Afghan policeman shot dead 4 of his colleagues at a checkpoint on a remote stretch of on the highway between Kandahar and Uruzgan provinces. Another 11 policemen who were manning the checkpoint remained missing.
    (AP, 3/1/16)

2016        Mar 1, In Afghanistan at least 2 civilians were killed in an attempted car bomb attack on the Indian consulate in the eastern city of Jalalabad, Nangarhar province. All 5 attackers were killed. The next day a faction of the Pakistani Taliban claimed responsibility.
    (Reuters, 3/2/16)

2016        Mar 5, The Taliban said they will not participate in a peace process with the Afghan government until foreign forces stop attacking their positions and leave the country.
    (AP, 3/5/16)

2016        Mar 9, In Afghanistan the Taliban attacked a police headquarters and an intelligence agency office early today in southern Helmand province. At least 3 police officers were killed along with 7 attackers.
    (AP, 3/9/16)
2016        Mar 9, Five Afghans, including two children and a six-month old baby, drowned late today in the Aegean trying to reach Greece as Turkey starts to implement an EU agreement to curb illegal migration.
    (Reuters, 3/10/16)

2016        Mar 15, Afghanistan's Pres. Ashraf Ghani said that Islamic State militants are "on the run" following a massive military operation that included elite commando units in remote districts on the border with Pakistan.
    (AP, 3/15/16)

2016        Mar 24, In northern Afghanistan clashes between supporters of two rival warlords killed one person and wounded five in Maymana, Faryab province. In southern Kandahar province, Afghan Army Gen. Khan Agha Achekzay of the 205 Corps was killed along with a bodyguard when he was ambushed late today in the Dand district.   
    (AP, 3/25/16)

2016        Mar 26, In Afghanistan insurgents in Wardak province killed Mohammad Anwar, the top judge on a Ghazni province appeals court.
    (AP, 3/27/16)

2016        Mar 28, In Afghanistan overnight attacks by the Taliban on two police checkpoints in the volatile southern Helmand province killed at least 8 police. A US soldier shot and killed an Afghan boy near Bagram Airfield close to Kabul. The boy had been carrying what looked like an automatic rifle.
    (AP, 3/28/16)

2016        Mar 29, In Afghanistan a bomb exploded under a bridge in Kabul, killing one person and wounding nine others. Five police officers, including a district police chief, were suspended over the blast and put under investigation for neglecting their duties. A late night gunbattle with the Taliban killed at least 15 members of the Afghan security forces in the volatile southern Uruzgan province.
    (AP, 3/29/16)(AP, 3/30/16)

2016        Apr 1, In western Afghanistan 11 men employed by the HALO Trust mine clearing organization were abducted in Herat province. At least 11 people were killed in a road accident just outside Herat.
    (AP, 4/2/16)

2016        Apr 3, In Afghanistan at least six police officers were killed in a Taliban ambush on their convoy in northern Balkh province.
    (AP, 4/4/16)

2016        Apr 4, In Afghanistan 2 people died and six others were wounded in a bomb explosion in eastern Nangarhar province. A gunbattle with the Taliban in southern Uruzgan province late today left at least 12 security forces killed.
    (AP, 4/4/16)(AP, 4/5/16)

2016        Apr 5, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber on a motorbike detonated his explosives near a busy bazaar in northern Parwan province, killing at least 6 people.
    (AP, 4/5/16)

2016        Apr 11, In Afghanistan at least 12 new army recruits were killed in a suicide bomb attack in the eastern city of Jalalabad. At least 5 members of the border police force were killed in an insider attack in the southern province of Kandahar close to the frontier with Pakistan when a colleague opened fire on them before fleeing.
    (AP, 4/11/16)(Reuters, 4/12/16)

2016        Apr 12, The Taliban announced the start of their spring offensive, pledging to launch large-scale offensives against government strongholds backed by suicide and guerrilla attacks to drive Afghanistan's Western-backed government from power.
    (Reuters, 4/12/16)

2016        Apr 16, Afghan security forces drove back Taliban insurgents attacking areas around the northern city of Kunduz, after heavy fighting overnight in which 40 Taliban fighters were killed and around 50 wounded.
    (Reuters, 4/16/16)

2016        Apr 17, Afghan forces fought back a renewed series of attacks on Kunduz, killing dozens of Taliban fighters as insurgent forces stepped up their bid to retake the northern city that they captured briefly last year.
    (Reuters, 4/17/16)

2016        Apr 18, Afghan officials said flash floods in northern provinces killed at least 38 people overnight.
    (AP, 4/18/16)

2016        Apr 19, In Afghanistan Taliban attackers staged an assault on a government security agency in Kabul, killing 64 people and wounding more than 320.
    (AP, 4/19/16)(AP, 4/20/16)

2016        Apr 25, Afghan Taliban delegation arrived in Pakistan to meet officials in a bid to restart a stuttering peace process with Kabul.
    (Reuters, 4/26/16)

2016        Apr 30, Afghanistan said government forces have launched operations against the Taliban in 18 provinces as fighting has intensified since the start of the insurgents' spring offensive this month.
    (Reuters, 4/30/16)

2016        May 2, An Afghan police officer accused his wife of having affairs and then shot her in public before shooting himself in eastern Paktika province.
    (AP, 5/2/16)

2016        May 6, Afghan special forces troops liberated more than 60 prisoners from a Taliban prison in the southern province of Helmand. Two Taliban militants were reported killed and three wounded in the ensuing battle.
    (AP, 5/6/16)
2016        May 6, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed at least four small children from the same family in the southern Zabul province. In the eastern Kunar province Afghan security forces repelled an insurgent attack, killing 26 militants.
    (AP, 5/7/16)

2016        May 8, Afghanistan hanged six men convicted of terrorism, signaling a tougher approach toward the Taliban.
    (AP, 5/8/16)
2016        May 8, In Afghanistan two buses and a fuel tanker collided on a major highway, killing 52 people in eastern Ghazni province. Another 73 people on the buses were wounded.
    (AP, 5/8/16)

2016        May 10, In Afghanistan a joint raid by US and Afghan forces rescued Ali Haider Gilani, the son of a former Pakistani prime minister, who was held captive for three years by Islamic militants.
    (AP, 5/10/16)
2016        May 10, In Afghanistan 8 people were killed and another 18 wounded when a suicide car bomber detonated his vehicle in the Nazyan district of Nangarhar province.
    (AP, 5/10/16)

2016        May 14, In Afghanistan at least 3 policemen died after a suicide bomber detonated an explosives-laden vehicle near a police training base in southern Helmand province.
    (AP, 5/14/16)

2016        May 16, In Afghanistan thousands of demonstrators from the Hazara minority marched in protest through Kabul, accusing President Ashraf Ghani's government of cutting them out of a multi-million dollar power transmission line project.
    (Reuters, 5/16/16)

2016        May 18, A fifth round of four-nation talks (Afghanistan, Pakistan, the United States and China) aimed at laying the ground for a negotiated end to the Afghan war began in Pakistan, as hopes faded for bringing the Taliban insurgents to the table quickly.
    (Reuters, 5/18/16)
2016        May 18, In northern Afghanistan at least 20 people were killed in flash floods that hit the province of Sari Pul. The early morning floods hit the district of Kohistanat in the remote south of Sari Pul.
    (AP, 5/18/16)

2016        May 19, In Afghanistan 8 policemen were killed by a colleague who turned his gun on them at a checkpoint in Qalat, Zabul province. In the Dihrawud district of Uruzgan province, two policemen were killed by a colleague in an apparent personal dispute. A senior officer of the Afghan army's 205 Corps, Gen. Abdul Basir Sheerwand, was killed when a roadside bomb exploded in the Shah Wali Kot district of Kandahar province.
    (AP, 5/19/16)

2016        May 20, Afghan Taliban leader Mullah Akhtar Mansour was killed in a US drone strike in the Afghan-Pakistan border area. US officials later said Mansour was likely killed in an air strike on Pakistani soil.
    (AP, 5/21/16)(Reuters, 5/22/16)
2016        May 20, NATO foreign ministers and alliance partners said they have agreed to extend the Resolute Support mission that trains, advises and assists Afghanistan's security forces and institutions beyond 2016.
    (AP, 5/20/16)

2016        May 21, In Afghanistan 6 police were shot and killed by colleagues who turned their guns on them at a checkpoint in southern Uruzgan province. Three officers involved in the shooting escaped the scene, taking weapons and vehicles with them.
    (AP, 5/21/16)

2016        May 22, In Afghanistan rockets fired in the western city of Herat hit a wall of the provincial governor's building and nearby houses, killing at least one civilian.
    (Reuters, 5/22/16)

2016        May 25, The Afghan Taliban named Islamic legal scholar Haibatullah Akhundzada, one of former leader Mullah Akhtar Mansour's deputies, to succeed him. Within an hour of the announcement a Taliban suicide bomber attacked a shuttle bus carrying court employees west of Kabul, killing up to 11 people and wounding several others, including children.
    (Reuters, 5/25/16)

2016        May 29, In Afghanistan the Taliban launched string of coordinated attacks late today on police checkpoints in the increasingly volatile southern province of Helmand. 33 policemen were reported killed.
    (AP, 5/30/16)(Reuters, 5/30/16)

2016        May 30, Afghan President Ashraf Ghani dedicated an ambitious reconstruction project to restore the ruins of historic Darul Aman palace, which was built in the 1920s. The project is expected to cost $16.5 million to $20 million and take three to five years.
    (Reuters, 5/30/16)
2016        May 30, In Afghanistan as many as 24 more police were killed around  Lashkar Gah, the capital of Helmand province in the latest offensive by Taliban insurgents.
    (Reuters, 5/30/16)

2016        May 31, In northern Afghanistan the Taliban attacked several buses, forcing passengers to disembark and killing 10 people and abducting at least 18 in Kunduz province. Ten of the hostages were soon released. In the eastern Ghazni province, a bomb blast killed a civilian and wounded 12. The Taliban also launched attacks in southern Helmand province on the several districts and on the outskirt of the provincial capital, Lashkar Gah.
    (AP, 5/31/16)(AP, 6/1/16)

2016        Jun 1, In eastern Afghanistan Taliban gunmen disguised in women's burqas and wearing military uniforms underneath stormed a court building in, killing five civilians and a policeman in Ghazni. In the northern Balkh province district police chief Bismullah Khan was killed when his vehicle struck a roadside bomb. In the north 17 people were kidnapped by insurgents in Sari Pul province. 2 Afghan men and a woman working for an international aid organization were shot dead in the Shekh Ali district of the northwestern Parwan province.
    (AP, 6/1/16)(AP, 6/2/16)
2016        Jun 1, Pakistan imposed full border controls across the Afghan-Pakistan border at Torkham near the Khyber Pass.
    (Econ, 6/11/16, p.41)

2016        Jun 2, In western Afghanistan an explosion at a market place in Laghman province killed two civilians and wounded 16. A roadside bombing killed two policemen and wounded two others in eastern Ghazni province.
    (AP, 6/2/16)(AP, 6/3/16)

2016        Jun 4, Afghan President Ashraf Ghani and Indian PM Narendra Modi inaugurated a multi-million-dollar dam in western Afghanistan that will bring power and irrigation to vast tracts of the war-torn country. The Afghan-India Friendship Dam in Herat province, which borders Iran, was built with Indian aid at a cost of $300 million and was under construction for about a decade.
    (AP, 6/4/16)

2016        Jun 5, In eastern Afghanistan Taliban gunmen stormed a court building, killing 7 people, including a newly appointed chief prosecutor in Puli Alim, Logar province. In Kabul lawmaker Sher Wali Wardak was killed in a roadside bombing.
    (AP, 6/5/16)
2016        Jun 5, In Afghanistan NPR photojournalist David Gilkey and his Afghan colleague Zabihullah Tamann were killed by Taliban gunfire on the first day of an embed with local troops in Helmand province.
    (Reuters, 6/6/16)

2016        Jun 6, In northern Afghanistan a Taliban ambush killed at least 7 people, including a district intelligence chief and his deputy in Sari Pul province.
    (AP, 6/6/16)

2016        Jun 7, In southeastern Afghanistan Taliban gunmen killed 12 people they captured in recent ambushes, including policemen and soldiers, in Ghazni province. The dead included 7 policemen, 3 soldiers and 2 officials with the national spy agency.
    (AP, 6/8/16)

2016        Jun 9, In Afghanistan Judith D'Souza (40), an Indian charity worker for the Aga Khan Foundation, was kidnapped in Kabul.
    (AP, 6/10/16)
2016        Jun 9, The US White House approved plans to expand the military's authority to conduct airstrikes against the Taliban when necessary as the violence in Afghanistan escalates.
    (AP, 6/10/16)

2016        Jun 10, In eastern Afghanistan 4 civilians were killed and around 40 wounded by a bomb blast inside a mosque in Nangarhar province.
    (AP, 6/10/16)

2016        Jun 11, In eastern Afghanistan 6 police officers, including a district police chief, were killed early today by gunmen affiliated with the Islamic State group in Nangarhar province. 15 IS fighters were killed and seven wounded in the battle that followed.
    (AP, 6/11/16)

2016        Jun 14, An Afghan border guard was killed and and five wounded in renewed clashes late today at the Torkham Pakistani-Afghan border crossing.
    (AP, 6/15/16)

2016        Jun 15, NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg said NATO allies will maintain troops across Afghanistan, as the US considers whether to reduce its presence there.
    (Reuters, 6/15/16)
2016        Jun 15, Pakistani troops fired heavy artillery at Afghan forces at their main Khyber Pass border crossing, an escalation after days of clashes at the Torkham crossing that have killed four people and stranded thousands on both sides.
    (Reuters, 6/15/16)

2016        Jun 20, In Afghanistan a Taliban suicide bomber killed 14 Nepalese security guards in an attack on their minibus in Kabul. A second Taliban bombing in Kabul killed a civilian and wounded five people. A bomb rigged to a motorbike killed 10 Afghan civilians during morning rush hour in a busy market in a province in the northeast.
    (AP, 6/20/16)

2016        Jun 21, In Afghanistan the Taliban ambushed a series of buses and cars in southern Helmand province, forcing people out of the vehicles and abducting around 60 passengers. The insurgents later said they released all but 27 of those abducted.
    (AP, 6/21/16)

2016        Jun 22, In Afghanistan a roadside bombing in the country's east killed a traffic policeman and a civilian in Jalalabad, Nangarhar province.
    (AP, 6/22/16)

2016        Jun 24, In Afghanistan fighting began late today in the Kot area of the Rodat district in eastern Nangarhar province after a contingent of IS fighters attacked police check posts.
    (AFP, 6/26/16)

2016        Jun 25, In Afghanistan the US military carried out its first air strikes against Taliban targets under the newly approved rules, which mean US troops can now work more closely with local fighters in striking the Taliban.
    (AFP, 6/26/16)

2016        Jun 26, Afghan officials said heavy fighting between government forces and Islamic State fighters has killed dozens of people in Nangarhar province, raising fears the militant group is staging a comeback months after Kabul said they had been defeated.
    (AP, 6/26/16)

2016        Jun 27, Former Afghan warlord Gulbuddin Hekmatyar announced that a much-touted peace deal between his militant group and the Kabul government was effectively “dead." Hekmatyar called Afghanistan's government illegal and said he would not recognize it.
    (AP, 6/27/16)
2016        Jun 27, Afghan officials said the Taliban have killed at least five people from a group of eight abducted earlier this month from a bus in northern Kunduz province.
    (AP, 6/27/16)

2016        Jun 30, In Afghanistan Taliban militants launched a twin suicide attack targeting a convoy of buses carrying police cadets outside Kabul and killing 37 people, mostly policemen, and wounding 40.
    (AP, 6/30/16)

2016        Jul 1, In Afghanistan Taliban insurgents attacked local police check points in Kandahar province late today, killing 5 policemen. 4 insurgents were killed in the battle, which took place in Maiwand district.
    (AP, 7/2/16)

2016        Jul 2, Afghan Taliban leader Mullah Haibatullah Akhundzada called for an end to foreign forces' "occupation" of Afghanistan as a preliminary step to a settlement based on Islamic law that he said would bring unity to a country riven by decades of war.
    (Reuters, 7/2/16)
2016        Jul 2, In Afghanistan at least 2 civilians were killed after a suicide bomber on a motorbike targeted a local tribal elder in Jalalabad, Nangarhar province. In southern Kandahar province unknown gunmen shot and killed 7 civilians.
    (AP, 7/2/16)

2016        Jul 6, Pres. Barack Obama, saying the security situation in Afghanistan remained precarious, said he will keep US troop levels there at 8,400 through the end of his administration rather than reducing them to 5,500 by year's end as previously planned.
    (Reuters, 7/6/16)

2016        Jul 9, In Afghanistan Taliban commander Omar Mansoor, aka Umar Naray, was killed in an airstrike in Nangarhar province. He was responsible for the 2014 on a Pakistani school that left more than 130 children dead.
    (SFC, 7/15/16, p.A2)
2016        Jul 9, NATO allies agreed to help fund Afghan security forces to the tune of around $1 billion annually over the next three years, despite public fatigue in Western countries about their involvement in the long-running conflict.
    (Reuters, 7/9/16)

2016        Jul 14, The former head of Afghanistan's main intelligence agency released documents which he said showed that Pakistani intelligence services helped leaders of the Taliban and the feared Haqqani network in 2014 and 2015.
    (Reuters, 7/15/16)

2016        Jul 16, In Afghanistan Zarah, a pregnant girl (14) from central Ghor province, died in a Kabul hospital after being tortured and burned by her in-laws.
    (AP, 7/18/16)

2016        Jul 17, In Afghanistan Taliban insurgents attacked security outposts on the Sangin district center, Helmand province, but faced fierce resistance from Afghan forces and were pushed back as US warplanes conducted at least two air strikes over the next 48 hours. Dozens of militants were reported killed in the fighting.
    (Reuters, 7/20/16)

2016        Jul 18, In Afghanistan hundreds of Taliban began attacking the Qalay-i-Zal district in Kunduz province. A day later they had not yet been completely pushed back.
    (AP, 7/19/16)

2016        Jul 19, In Afghanistan the Taliban launched multiple attacks including on a strategic tunnel in the Hindu Kush mountains that links the capital, Kabul, with the country's north and south.
    (AP, 7/19/16)

2016        Jul 21, In Afghanistan Kunduz lawmaker Abdullah Qarluq said the Taliban has taken complete control of Qalay-i-Zal and also 98 percent of Dasht-i-Archi. Afghan security forces' deaths were put at 11 for both army and local police.
    (AP, 7/21/16)

2016         Jul 22, In Afghanistan a suicide bombing on a peaceful protest in Kabul killed at least 80 people and wounded more than 200. The attack was the deadliest to hit Kabul in 15 years of civil war. The Hazaras were marching for a major regional power line to be routed through their home province.
    (AP, 7/24/16)
2016        Jul 22, The Afghan military launched a major offensive in Nangarhar province hours after a suicide bombing in Kabul that killed at least 80 people.
    (SFC, 7/27/16, p.A3)

2016        Jul 23, In Afghanistan a suicide attack on peaceful protesters in Kabul killed 81 people. The protesters were mainly Hazaras. The Islamic State claimed responsibility.
        (Reuters, 7/24/16)(Econ, 7/30/16, p.31)

2016        Jul 26, In Afghanistan a US drone strike in southern Nangarhar province killed Hafiz Saeed Khan, top Islamic State group leader. Khan had previously been a Tehrik-e Taliban commander, but last year pledged loyalty to IS leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi.
    (AP, 8/13/16)

2016        Jul 29, In Afghanistan Taliban militants attacked a series of police checkpoints as part of a larger assault in the Kanashin district. Control of the Kanashin district, which borders Pakistan and major poppy-producing districts, put the "Taliban in control of 60 percent of Helmand province.
    (AP, 7/30/16)

2016        Jul 31, An Afghan official said Taliban attacks on the Kanashin district of Helmand province have killed at least 24 police officers over the past two days. In northern Jawzjan province, an official described "tough fighting" after hundreds of insurgent fighters attacked the Qush Tepa district with 4 Afghan security forces personnel killed.
    (AP, 7/31/16)

2016        Aug 3, China hosted a meeting with Afghanistan, Pakistan and Tajikistan. The four countries agreed to set up an anti-terrorism alliance, as China seeks to boost coordination with neighbors to tackle what it says is a growing domestic militant threat.
    (Reuters, 8/4/16)

2016        Aug 4, In Afghanistan Taliban militants attacked a group of 12 American and European tourists escorted by an Afghan army convoy in western Herat province, leaving at least seven people wounded as the insurgents step up nationwide attacks.
    (AFP, 8/4/16)
2016        Aug 4, A Pakistani helicopter crash-landed in Afghanistan in Taliban-held territory in Logar province and all passengers and crew were missing and feared captured by insurgents. The Afghan Taliban released all five Pakistanis and one Russian crew member on August 13.
    (Reuters, 8/4/16)(Reuters, 8/13/16)

2016        Aug 7, Gen. Abdul Raziq, a senior Afghan police official regarded as one of the country's most powerful men, said he has banned the use of the Pakistani currency in the key southern province of Kandahar. Raziq said the currency ban is in retaliation against Pakistan's protection of the Taliban.
    (AP, 8/7/16)

2016        Aug 9, In northern Afghanistan a bomb in a crowded in the main market of Mazar-i-Sharif killed at least two people and wounded 15.
    (Reuters, 8/9/16)

2016        Aug 10, General John Nicholson, the top US and NATO commander in Afghanistan said Afghan forces, backed by the United States, have killed an estimated 300 Islamic State fighters in an operation in Nangarhar province mounted two weeks ago.
    (Reuters, 8/10/16)

2016        Aug 11, In Afghanistan fighting raged in Helmand after the government rushed military reinforcements to beat back Taliban insurgents advancing on Lashkar Gah, the besieged capital of the southern poppy-growing province. Officials downplayed fears \the city could fall.


2016        Aug 13, In Afghanistan at least 9 policemen were killed late today in Taliban attacks on checkpoints in the northern Afghan province of Baghlan, while another two were killed in the east. 5 insurgents were killed and three wounded in the ensuing gun battles.
    (AP, 8/14/16)    (AFP, 8/11/16)

2016        Aug 14, In Afghanistan 2 police officers were killed and nine others were wounded early today in an attack on a district headquarters in eastern Nuristan province.
    (AP, 8/14/16)

2016        Aug 15, In Afghanistan Mullah Emdadullah Mansoor, a nephew of Mullah Mansoor Dadullah, was named leader of the Taliban faction known as Mahaaz-e-Dadullah at a gathering in southern Zabul province. Dadullah was killed in Khak-e-Afghan district of Zabul last year, fighting with rival Taliban.
    (AP, 8/16/16)

2016        Aug 18, In Afghanistan a mortar attack killed two people and wounded more than 50 in the eastern province of Kunar. The shells struck a market where crowds had gathered to celebrate independence day.
    (AP, 8/18/16)

2016        Aug 22, Officials said the Chaman border crossing between Pakistan and Afghanistan remains closed for the fourth consecutive day after Afghan protesters burned a Pakistani flag.
    (AP, 8/22/16)

2016        Aug 24, In Afghanistan 12 people, including 7 students and a professor, were killed in an attack on the American University in Kabul. A car bomb followed by gunfire, as suspected militants battled into the complex where foreign staff and pupils were working. By the next morning Afghan forces killed at least 2 attackers.
    (AP, 8/25/16)(Reuters, 8/26/16)

2016        Aug 27, Afghan security forces withdrew from the Janikhail district headquarters of Paktia province to prevent civilian casualties. At least 5 police officers were killed and five others were wounded in heavy fighting.
    (AP, 8/27/16)

2016        Aug 28, The Afghan Taliban appointed Mullah Ibrahim Sadar, once a close ally of Taliban founder Mullah Mohammed Omar, as its new military chief. His appointment heralded a commitment to confrontation at a time when multiple governments are trying to coax the Taliban to the negotiating table.
    (AP, 8/30/16)
2016        Aug 28, In central Afghanistan 2 women and a man were killed while eight others were wounded, mostly women and children, when a rodside bomb went off near Ferozkoh, the provincial capital of Ghor province.
    (AP, 8/29/16)

2016        Aug 29, Australian officials said aid worker Kerry Jane Wilson, kidnapped in Afghanistan in April, has been freed by Afghan forces after four months in captivity. Wilson was kidnapped on April 28 in the eastern city of Jalalabad.
    (AP, 8/29/16)

2016        Sep 1, In Afghanistan 2 people were killed in a bomb attack in front of the district governor's office in Logar province. The bomber was on foot and wearing police uniform. A firefight then broke out and 6 militants were killed and eight wounded. 2 policemen were wounded.
    (AP, 9/1/16)

2016        Sep 4, In southern Afghanistan at least 38 people were killed when a bus collided with a fuel tanker and burst into flames in Zabul province.
    (Reuters, 9/4/16)

2016        Sep 5, In Afghanistan twin bombings near the Defense Ministry in central Kabul killed at least 35 people, including two security force generals, in an attack claimed by the Taliban.
    (AP, 9/5/16)(AP, 9/6/16)

2016        Sep 6, In Afghanistan militants stormed a building housing an international aid organization in Kabul, provoking an overnight firefight with security forces in which three gunmen were killed and six civilians were wounded.
    (AP, 9/6/16)

2016        Sep 8, In Afghanistan the Taliban pushed into Tirin Kot, the capital of southern Uruzgan province, triggering fierce clashes and sending all government officials fleeing from the city.
    (AP, 9/8/16)

2016        Sep 12, In southern Afghanistan two militants stormed into a hospital in the city of Kandahar, killing at least one civilian before security forces killed the assailants.
    (AP, 9/12/16)

2016        Sep 14, A US report released today said that widespread corruption in Afghanistan has undermined efforts to rebuild the country and urged the US mission to make anticorruption efforts a top priority.
    (AP, 9/14/16)
2016        Sep 14, In Afghanistan insurgents killed five people, including a former warlord, in the northern Baghlan province. The ambush targeted Samar, who served as a mujahedeen commander during the 1980s struggle against the Soviet Union.
    (AP, 9/14/16)
2016        Sep 14, In India PM Narendra Modi and Afghan President Mohammad Ashraf Ghanicalled for an end to all sponsorship, support and sanctuaries to militants, including those who have committed violence in the two countries. India offered a fresh $1 billion in aid to Afghanistan for building capacity in education, health, agriculture, energy and infrastructure. They also signed an extradition treaty.
    (AP, 9/14/16)

2016        Sep 18, In Afghanistan a US airstrike killed a policeman at a checkpoint outside the Uruzgan provincial capital of Tirin Kot. A 2nd US airstrike struck the same area and killed 7 others  in what was apparently a friendly-fire incident.
    (AP, 9/19/16)

2016        Sep 22, Afghanistan's government signed a draft peace deal with warlord Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, a designated "global terrorist," after lengthy negotiations that could pave the way for a similar accord with the Taliban, who have been waging war on Kabul for 15 years.
    (AP, 9/22/16)

2016        Sep 27, In Afghanistan at least 13 army soldiers were killed  in a Taliban attack on their checkpoint in Kunduz province. Two of the fifteen soldiers at the checkpoint had links to the insurgents and facilitated the attack.
    (SFC, 9/28/16, p.A2)

2016        Sep 28, Officials said Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan and India have expressed their "inability" to attend the summit of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) scheduled for November in Islamabad.
    (AP, 9/28/16)
2016        Sep 28, In eastern Afghanistan a US unmanned aircraft strike hit a residential building early today, killing at least 15 civilians and wounding thirteen in the Achin district of Nangarhar province.
    (AP, 9/28/16)(Reuters, 9/30/16)

2016        Sep 29, Afghan President Ashraf Ghani signed a peace treaty with a notorious warlord, pledging to lobby the US and the United Nations to remove him and his party from terrorist blacklists. Gulbuddin Hekmatyar signed the agreement via a video link into Kabul's presidential palace.
    (AP, 9/29/16)

2016        Sep 30, Five Afghan soldiers and a police officer were killed in an air strike carried out by an Afghan military helicopter in Farah province. Inaccurate information from ground forces was blamed.
    (SSFC, 10/2/16, p.A4)

2016        Oct 1, Afghan officials said Taliban fighters have advanced closer to Lashkar Gah, capital of the strategic southern province of Helmand, pushing into a farming district on the other side of the river from the town.
    (Reuters, 10/1/16)

2016        Oct 3, In northern Afghanistan at least 6 people were killed and 35 wounded, when an improvised explosive device tore into a crowded marketplace in Jawzjan province. Taliban fighters pushed into the center of the northern city of Kunduz, taking control of the central intersection where they raised their flag a year ago in their biggest success of the 15-year-old conflict.
    (Reuters, 10/3/16)

2016        Oct 4, In Afghanistan fierce gunbattles raged for a second day in the northern city of Kunduz. In the country's south, insurgents killed 12 policemen at checkpoints around the Helmand provincial capital and seized another district they had attacked a day earlier. An improvised explosive device in Nangarhar Province killed a US service member and three Afghan soldiers. The Islamic State claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 10/4/16)(Reuters, 10/5/16)

2016        Oct 5, Afghan forces battled the Taliban in the northern city of Kunduz for the third straight day with American helicopters providing air support. Afghan leaders and officials from over 70 nations gathered in Brussels, seeking to drum up billions of dollars for the cash-strapped government as it battles the Taliban insurgency and rampant corruption.
    (AP, 10/5/16)
2016        Oct 5, Afghanistan’s Pres. Ashraf Ghani convinced Int’l. donors to pledge $15.2 billion to help keep his government afloat for the next four years.
    (SFC, 10/6/16, p.A4)(Econ, 1/7/17, p.48)

2016        Oct 6, Pentagon officials said forty-four Afghan troops visiting the United States for military training have gone missing in less than two years, presumably in an effort to live and work illegally in America.
    (AP, 10/6/16)
2016        Oct 6, Officials said fighting in the northern Afghan city of Kunduz has led to a "rapidly deteriorating" humanitarian situation, leaving thousands of people with limited access to food, water, or medical care. The UN said that as many as 10,000 refugees had arrived in Kabul and northern towns including Taloqan and Mazar-i-Sharif as Kunduz fell to the Taliban.
    (Reuters, 10/6/16)(Reuters, 10/8/16)

2016        Oct 8, In eastern Afghanistan Qari Ajmal, a Pakistani militant linked to a number of high-profile attacks, was killed in a joint Afghan-US special forces operation in Paktika province.
    (AP, 10/9/16)

2016        Oct 9, Eight Afghan soldiers were killed early today when a military helicopter crashed in northern Baghlan province.
    (AP, 10/9/16)

2016        Oct 10, In Afghanistan a suspected car bomb killed 14 people including 10 police officers amid increased Taliban attacks on Lashkar Gah, the besieged capital of Helmand province.
    (AP, 10/10/16)

2016        Oct 11, Afghan officials said hundreds of commandos have been deployed backed by NATO air strikes in Lashkar Gah to drive Taliban insurgents from the southern city after the militants killed 14 people a day earlier in a coordinated attack. A mass shooting killed at least 18 worshippers at a shrine in Kabul, raising fears of sectarian violence after a string of attacks on the country's Shi'ite minority. The Islamic State soon claimed responsibility.
    (AFP, 10/11/16)(Reuters, 10/12/16)

2016        Oct 14, Afghan officials said more than two hundred of members of security forces have been killed recently fighting insurgent attacks in and around Lashkar Gah, Helmand province. 45 civilians had also been killed in the fighting, which saw Taliban militants launch attacks on at least two areas of the city earlier this week. Helmand's poppy crop yields opium that makes most of the world's heroin.
    (AP, 10/14/16)

2016        Oct 16, Afghan authorities burned around five tons of heroin, hashish, drug-making chemicals and alcohol in a show of their commitment to curbing drug trafficking.
    (AFP, 10/16/16)

2016        Oct 19, In Afghanistan a gunman in an Afghan army uniform shot dead at least two American advisers and wounded three more near a base in Kabul before being killed himself. Army Sgt. Douglas J. Riney (26) of Fairview, Illinois, and Michael G. Sauro (40) of McAlester, Oklahoma, died of wounds received in the attack.
    (http://tinyurl.com/hoccyxp)(Reuters, 10/19/16)

2016        Oct 20, Nepal said it will allow its nationals to go to war-torn Afghanistan for work, ending an almost four-month ban imposed after 13 Nepali security guards were killed by a Taliban suicide bomber in the Afghan capital.
    (Reuters, 10/20/16)

2016        Oct 21, CIA operatives Brian Ray Hoke (b.1974) and Nathaniel Patrick Delemarre  died in Afghanistan after a firefight with Islamic State militants in Jalalabad.
    (http://tinyurl.com/ybnawbdb)(SFC, 9/7/17 p.A12)

2016        Oct 23, The Afghan government and UN released a new joint survey that saw an increase of 10 percent in opium poppy cultivation and 91 percent decrease in eradication across the country.
    (AP, 10/23/16)
2016        Oct 23, In Afghanistan a precision strike conducted by the US military in Kunar province killed Farouq al-Qahtani, Al-Qaeda's emir for northeastern Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 11/4/16)

2016        Oct 25, In Afghanistan battles were underway between the Taliban and Afghan security forces that saw two militant commanders killed. Taliban insurgents abducted a group of 33 people near the Ghor province capital of Ferozkoh.
    (AP, 10/26/16)

2016        Oct 26, In Afghanistan Taliban insurgents killed 26 Afghan civilians after abducting them in the remote central province of Ghor the previous day.
    (AP, 10/26/16)

2016        Oct 28, In eastern Afghanistan an airstrike hit the home of a Taliban commander in Nangarhar province and caused several civilian casualties. The US strike targeted the home of Mawlawi Mohammad Alam, a Taliban commander in the Sherzad district.
    (Reuters, 10/28/16)

2016        Oct 30, An Afghan official said that at least seven civilians have been killed after a mortar shell fired by insurgent groups hit a home in Baghlan province.
    (AP, 10/30/16)

2016        Oct 31, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide attack devastated a gathering of local elders in Jalalabad, Nangarhar province. The Islamic State claimed responsibility for the attack. Afghan officials said four people were killed and seven wounded, while a statement from Islamic State said 15 "apostates" were killed and 25 wounded.
    (Reuters, 10/31/16)

2016        Oct, In Sweden five teenagers from Afghanistan reportedly dragged another Afghan boy into a forest, threatened him with a knife and raped him. On Dec 6 Swedish authorities charged the five teenagers with aggravated rape.
    (AP, 12/6/16)

2016        Nov 3, In Afghanistan US airstrikes early today killed 33 Afghan civilians, including women and children in Buz Kandahari, Kunduz province, after a Taliban assault left two American and four Afghan soldiers dead. Two Taliban figures were also killed.
    (http://tinyurl.com/zrktmkv)(AFP, 11/3/16)(AP, 11/5/16)(SFC, 1/13/17, p.A2)

2016        Nov 4, UN experts said the Afghan government and several other countries estimated that there are about 45,000 opposition fighters in Afghanistan and that between 20 percent and 25 percent are foreigners.
    (AP, 11/4/16)

2016        Nov 5, In eastern Afghanistan a bomb targeting a district leader killed his driver and wounded the official and another person. A similar attack on a police vehicle in the capital, Kabul, wounded four people. Unknown gunmen kidnapped a female Pakistani-born Australian employee of a non-governmental organization late today in Kabul.
    (AP, 11/5/16)(AP, 11/6/16)

2016        Nov 9, Afghanistan's President Ashraf Ghani welcomed home Sharbat Gulla, National Geographic's famed green-eyed "Afghan Girl," just hours after she was deported from Pakistan, the latest in the odyssey of the globally recognized refugee.
    (AP, 11/9/16)

2016        Nov 14, The Int’l. Criminal Court's chief prosecutor said in a report that US forces in Afghanistan may have committed the war crime of torture when interrogating detainees, opening the possibility of Americans being prosecuted even though their country is not a member of the court. The report added that CIA operatives may have subjected at least 27 detainees in Afghanistan, Poland, Romania and Lithuania to "torture, cruel treatment, outrages upon personal dignity and/or rape" between December 2002 and March 2008.
    (AP, 11/15/16)

2016        Nov 16, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber on a motorbike killed six people in Kabul in an attack targeting a minibus with security agents working for the government. The Islamic State affiliate in Afghanistan promptly claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 11/16/16)

2016        Nov 17, In Afghanistan a Taliban attack in the country's western Farah province killed at least 8 police officers and seized weapons and ammunitions from the convoy.
    (AP, 11/18/16)

2016        Nov 21, In Afghanistan a suicide attack at the Shi'ite Baqir-ul-Olum mosque in Kabul killed more than 30 people and wounded dozens. The Islamic State claimed responsibility.
    (Reuters, 11/21/16)

2016        Nov 25, In Afghanistan a bomb blast in Jalalabad killed one police officer and wounded five people. Bomb blasts in eastern Nangarhar province killed five and left 27 others wounded.
    (AP, 11/25/16)
2016        Nov 25, In Afghanistan VP Abdul Rashid Dostum encountered rival Ahmad Ishchi while watching a game of buzkashi and punched him in the face. Bodyguards beat Mr. Ishchi some more before carting him away in an armored vehicle. He has not been seen since. Dostum was acting president at this time as his boss was abroad.
    (Econ, 12/3/16, p.33)

2016        Nov 27, In southern Afghanistan Taliban fighters killed four border police in an ambush in Zabul province. Several Taliban were also reported killed.
    (AP, 11/28/16)

2016        Nov 28, The presidents of Turkmenistan and Afghanistan officially opened a new railroad at the Imamnazar station on the Turkmen side of the border that will link the oil-rich former Soviet republic with Afghanistan.
    (AP, 11/28/16)

2016        Nov 29, In Afghanistan General Muhayuddin Ghori, commander of the 207th Zafar Corps based in the city of Herat, died after the aircraft he was in went down in Baghdis province on the border with Turkmenistan.
    (Reuters, 11/29/16)

2016        Dec 1, In Afghanistan Taliban militants hanged university student Faiz ul Rahman Wardak in public in a village west of Kabul after accusing him of involvement in the death of a senior Taliban official named Mullah Mirwais.
    (Reuters, 12/3/16)

2016        Dec 2, An Afghan police official said Taliban militants have killed 23 civilians in Kandahar Province in the last 48 hours.
    (AP, 12/2/16)

2016        Dec 10, The Taliban said hardline cleric Mullah Haibatullah Akundzada has reinforced his position as the new leader of the Afghan Taliban by winning the support of two senior members.
    (Reuters, 12/10/16)

2016        Dec 13, In Afghanistan Ahmad Ishchi (63), a political rival of VP Abdul Rashid Dostum, said that he had been tortured and raped with an assault rifle over five days after being abducted by Dostum last month.
    (SFC, 12/14/16, p.A4)

2016        Dec 17, In Afghanistan five female guards working in the airport in southern Kandahar were killed along with their driver by unknown gunmen as they were on their way to work.
    (AP, 12/17/16)(SSFC, 12/18/16, p.A6)

2016        Dec 18, Afghan officials in Farah province said at least 18 people have been killed and around 80 others over the last 24 hours wounded in two separate highway traffic accidents involving buses.
    (AP, 12/18/16)

2016        Dec 19, In Afghanistan armed men in northern Kunduz province stopped a convoy of vehicles from the International Committee of the Red Cross and snatched the only foreigner, a Spanish citizen, leaving the Afghans behind. The ICRC worker was reported released on Jan 15.
    (AP, 12/20/16)(AP, 1/15/17)

2016        Dec 20, Afghan authorities destroyed 98 tons of seized narcotics, mostly raw opium but also heroin and hashish, as well as liquor. 702 people were reported arrested in 579 cases for trafficking, including 28 women.
    (AP, 12/20/16)

2016        Dec 23, In Afghanistan a member of a state-backed militia shot and killed five fellow militiamen in Kunduz province. The gunman then made off with weapons and ammunition.
    (AP, 12/23/16)

2016        Dec 24, In western Afghanistan Taliban insurgents attacked a checkpoint, killing at least three police and wounding four others in Farah province.
    (AP, 12/24/16)

2016        Dec 25, The Afghan defense ministry confirmed that Captain Niloofar Rahmani (25) had sought asylum. The Wall Street Journal had quoted her as saying that she feared her life would be in danger if she returned home. Rahmani had been in the United States on a training course and had been due to return home on Dec 24.
    (Reuters, 12/25/16)
2016        Dec 25, At least two Afghan civilians were killed by a roadside bomb in eastern Laghman province.
    (AP, 12/25/16)

2016        Dec 26, In Afghanistan at least one police officer was killed after a car bomb exploded near the convoy of the deputy provincial police chief of southern Helmand province.
    (AP, 12/26/16)

2016        Dec 27, Representatives of Russia, China and Pakistan met in Moscow and warned that the influence of Islamic State (IS) was growing in Afghanistan and that the security situation there was deteriorating.
    (Reuters, 12/27/16)

2016        Joshua Partlow authored “A Kingdom of Their Own: The Family of Karzai and the Afghan Disaster."
    (Econ, 10/15/16, p.78)
2016        In Afghanistan NATO forces fell this year from a peak of 132,000 in 2011 to about 13,000 by the end of this year. Only about 60% of Afghans lived in areas under government control.
    (Econ, 1/7/17, p.46)

2017        Jan 2, Afghan Pres. Ashraf Ghani suspended Abdul Razaq Wahidi, his minister for telecommunications and information technology, while he is investigated over a levy on mobile telephone charges. At least one police officer was killed by a roadside bomb in Logar province. A Taliban ambush in the northeastern Badakhshan province killed at least four police. In Takhar province a Taliban fighter was killed while planting a mine.
    (Reuters, 1/2/17)(AP, 1/2/17)(AP, 1/3/17)

2017        Jan 6, In Afghanistan unidentified gunmen killed eight members of the Hazara minority who were working as miners in the northern province of Baghlan.
    (Reuters, 1/6/17)

2017        Jan 10, In Afghanistan two large bombings near government offices in Kabul killed at least 38 people, including civilians and military personnel. Earlier in the day, a suicide bomber on foot struck in the southern Helmand province, killing at least seven people. In Kandahar province five UAE officials were among 12 people killed when explosives hidden in a sofa detonated inside the governor's compound. The spate of attacks killed a total of 57 people.
    (AP, 1/10/17)(AFP, 1/11/17)(AFP, 2/15/17)

2017        Jan 15, An Afghan official says that at least six Afghan civilians were killed when their vehicle was hit by a roadside bomb in eastern Nangarhar province.
    (AP, 1/15/17)

2017        Jan 18, In northern Afghanistan Taliban bomb maker Kamal Khan inadvertently killed himself and his four sons overnight, while building a cache of roadside bombs in Sar-i-Pul province.
    (AP, 1/18/17)

2017        Jan 20, In northern Afghanistan two people, including a police commander, were killed in an explosion after a sticky bomb was attached to the commander's car in Balkh province. Taliban insurgents stormed a police checkpoint in the northeastern province of Kapisa, killing three policemen. A day later Taliban spokesman Zabihullah Mujahid, in a text to journalists, accused government forces of killing six civilians in a January 20 attack in Kapisa.
    (AP, 1/20/17)(AP, 1/21/17)

2017        Jan 24, Afghanistan’s attorney general ordered the arrest of nine employees of VP Rashid Dostum in connection with allegations of kidnapping and torturing a former ally.
    (SFC, 1/25/17, p.A2)

2017        Jan 27, It was reported that Mullah Haibatullah Akhundzada, leader of the Afghan Taliban, recently replaced "shadow" governors in 16 of the country's 34 provinces. A list named another eight provincial-level officials, including one whose job will be to offer technical support for major attacks on urban areas.
    (Reuters, 1/27/17)

2017        Jan 31, Afghan forces said they were holding off a Taliban offensive in Helmand province, as reinforcements and air support arrived. Both sides reported heavy fighting as Taliban militants attacked government positions in Sangin district. In the northeast the Taliban shot and killed Amir Begum, a woman accused of adultery in the Yumgan district.
    (Reuters, 1/31/17)(AP, 2/1/17)

2017        Feb 1, In southern Afghanistan an insurgent rocket attack killed a civilian in Lashkar Gah, Helmand province. In eastern Khost province, five policemen and three small children were wounded when a police vehicle hit a remotely detonated roadside bomb. In eastern Nangarhar province six civilians and a border police officer were wounded when a sticky bomb attached to a police vehicle went off in the provincial capital of Jalalabad.
    (AP, 2/1/17)
2017        Feb 1, The US special inspector general for Afghan reconstruction (SIGAR) issued a quarterly report saying: the Afghan government controls barely half the country; security forces numbers are on the decline; drug production is on the rise and drug eradication is down.
    (SFC, 2/2/17, p.A2)

2017        Feb 3, In northern Afghanistan eight police officers, all members of the same family, were killed after a colleague working with the Taliban drugged and shot them at a checkpoint in Faryab province.
    (AFP, 2/3/17)
2017        Feb 3, The United Nations removed the name of Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, a former Afghan warlord, from its Islamic State group and al-Qaida sanctions list.
    (AP, 2/4/17)

2017        Feb 5, Afghan officials said more than a 100 people have been killed in a series of avalanches triggered by days of heavy snowfall around the country, including 50 in one village, warning the death toll could rise still further.
    (AFP, 2/5/17)

2017        Feb 6, In Pakistan Afghan diplomat Mohammad Zaki Abdu was shot and killed by his security guard inside the consulate in the port city of Karachi.
    (AP, 2/6/17)

2017        Feb 7, In Afghanistan 22 people were killed in a bomb blast outside the Supreme Court in the center of Kabul, in what appeared to be the latest in a series of attacks on the judiciary. The Islamic State soon claimed responsibility.
    (Reuters, 2/7/17)(Reuters, 2/8/17)

2017        Feb 8, In Afghanistan at least six Afghan employees of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) were killed as they carried supplies to areas in Jowzjan province hit by deadly snow storms. Islamic State gunmen were suspected. Two Red Cross staff members were kidnapped. On Sep 5, 2017, the Red Cross said the two kidnapped staff members have been released.
    (Reuters, 2/8/17)(Reuters, 9/5/17)

2017        Feb 9, In southern Afghanistan 22 civilians, mostly women and children, were killed during a joint operation against Taliban insurgents carried out by US and Afghan forces in the Sangin district of Helmand province.
    (AP, 2/12/17)
2017        Feb 9, The top US commander in Afghanistan said he needs several thousand more international troops in order to break a stalemate in the long war with Taliban insurgents, signaling the matter may soon be put before President Donald Trump.
    (Reuters, 2/9/17)

2017        Feb 11, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber killed seven people and wounded 20 others outside a bank in Lashkar Gah, Helmand province. A local official said that an American military air strike killed a number of civilians in a recent bombing in Sangin district north of Lashkar Gah.
    (Reuters, 2/11/17)

2017        Feb 15, UAE state media said Juma Mohammed Abdullah Al Kaabi, its ambassador to Afghanistan, has died of wounds sustained in a January 10 bombing in Kandahar that also killed five other UAE officials.
    (AFP, 2/15/17)

2017        Feb 16, In Afghanistan at least 12 civilians were killed and three others wounded when their vehicle struck a roadside bomb in the eastern Paktika province. The Islamic State group launched an attack on security posts killing 17 soldiers in the Dih Bala district in eastern Nangarhar province. Soldiers reportedly killed 21 IS fighters.
    (AP, 2/16/17)(AP, 2/17/17)

2017        Feb 17, In Afghanistan Taliban forces stormed several Afghan security posts in eastern Kunar province, killing five police officers. Taliban attacks on security posts in Nangarhar province 17 soldiers. 21 militant fighters were also killed.
    (AP, 2/17/17)(SFC, 2/18/17, p.A2)

2017        Feb 18, Pakistani authorities shut down a second key border crossing into Afghanistan, halting trade supplies to the neighboring landlocked country and increasing tensions between the two nations in the wake of a bloody suicide bombing at a beloved shrine in Pakistan.
    (AP, 2/18/17)

2017        Feb 24, In Afghanistan at least 10 police officers and the wife of a police commander were killed in an ambush by Islamic States group militants in northern Zawzjan province.
    (AP, 2/25/17)

2017        Feb 25, The Afghan Interior Ministry said 38 militants, including 23 IS fighters, were killed in separate operations conducted by Afghan security forces in Nangarhar and Helmand provinces over the past two days. Two students were reported killed when a mortar struck a school's classroom in Laghman province.
    (AP, 2/25/17)

2017        Feb 26, In Afghanistan Taliban leader Mullah Haibatullah Akhundzada  issued a statement calling on Afghans to plant more trees. The Afghan Public Health Ministry has said up to 4000 citizens die each year in Kabul due to illnesses brought on or exacerbated by air pollution.
    (AP, 2/26/17)

2017        Feb 27, An Afghan policeman turned his rifle on his colleagues at a checkpoint in southern Helmand province killing 11 of them before fleeing.
    (SFC, 3/1/17, p.A2)

2017        Feb, The Afghan government announced that its forces have killed Qari Saifullah Akhtar, a Taliban leader repeatedly captured and released by Pakistan.
    (Econ, 2/25/17, p.33)

2017        Mar 1, In Afghanistan a pair of near-simultaneous Taliban suicide bombings struck Kabul, targeting a sprawling police compound and offices of the country's intelligence agency and killing 16 people.
    (AP, 3/1/17)

2017        Mar 2, In Afghanistan a suspected US drone strike killed Qari Abdullah, a top commander of the militant Haqqani network. He was the man who in 2014 accompanied US Army Sgt. Bowe Bergdahl when he was handed over to US authorities.
    (AP, 3/3/17)

2017        Mar 3, In Afghanistan at least eight civilians, including four children, were killed in an attack late today in western Farah province. Family members said they were hit by an airstrike.
    (AP, 3/4/17)

2017        Mar 5, In Afghanistan at least five members of the Afghan security forces were killed early today when their checkpoint came under an insurgent attack in northeastern Kunduz province. 18 insurgents were killed by airstrikes in the Imam Sahib district of Kunduz province.
    (AP, 3/5/17)

2017        Mar 6, Afghan officials said they have ordered the Afghan Turk CAG Educational NGO (ATCE), a network of schools regarded with suspicion by the Turkish government, to be transferred to a foundation approved by Ankara.
    (Reuters, 3/6/17)

2017        Mar 7, Thousands of stranded Afghans and Pakistanis returned home as Pakistan temporarily reopened two main crossings that had been closed last month after a wave of militant attacks.
    (AP, 3/7/17)

2017        Mar 8, In Afghanistan gunmen wearing white lab coats stormed a military hospital in Kabul, killing at least 31 people and wounding dozens in an attack claimed by the Islamic State group. A day later the death was raised to 49.
    (AFP, 3/8/17)(AP, 3/9/17)(Reuters, 3/9/17)

2017        Mar 9, Pakistan shut its porous border with landlocked Afghanistan after opening it for two days, saying the measure was necessary to save Pakistanis from attacks from militants operating inside Afghanistan.
    (AP, 3/9/17)

2017        Mar 10, In southern Afghanistan eight local policemen were killed by their colleagues late today after they were poisoned in their base in Zabul province, in the latest so-called "insider attack". The Taliban claimed responsibility for the incident.
    (AFP, 3/11/17)

2017        Mar 11, In eastern Afghanistan gunmen attacked a military air base in Khost province. One was killed, while two others were still holding out. The interior ministry said that over the past 25 hours, security forces had killed 51 armed militants in counter-terrorism operations across the country.
    (Reuters, 3/11/17)

2017        Mar 13, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb struck a bus in downtown Kabul during rush hour. At least one woman was killed and 19 others wounded. Two Afghan policemen were shot and killed on the outskirts of Kabul while warming themselves around a fire. Taliban extremists cut off the hand and foot of Ghulam Farooq, a suspected thief, in public in Herat province.
    (AFP, 3/13/17)(AP, 3/14/17)

2017        Mar 14, In Afghanistan a suspected NATO airstrike on the funeral of a Taliban commander killed 29 insurgents in the eastern Paktika province.
    (AP, 3/14/17)

2017        Mar 17, In Afghanistan a suicide truck bomber struck a military checkpoint, killing one soldier and wounding 10 in Khost province. Another suicide bomber elsewhere in the country killed the brother of a local religious leader he had targeted for assassination.
    (AP, 3/17/17)

2017        Mar 19, An Afghan soldier opened fire inside a base in the southern Helmand province, wounding three US soldiers before being shot dead. Taliban insurgents attacked a district headquarters in the Kandahar province using a suicide car bomb. Six police were reported killed and five others were wounded in the assault. In Zabul province an army operation killed 13 Taliban and wounded 11 others. Two Afghan soldiers were killed and three others were wounded by a roadside bomb during the operation. Two Taliban commanders were killed in an apparent US drone strike in the Barmal district of the eastern Paktika province. Another 10 insurgents were killed in a separate drone strike in the Dand-e Patan district of neighboring Paktia province.
    (AP, 3/19/17)
2017        Mar 19, A US drone airstrike in Afghanistan killed Qari Yasin, a Pakistani militant and al-Qaida leader, accused of involvement in a deadly attack on a bus carrying Sri Lanka's cricket team in 2009.
    (Reuters, 3/21/17)(AP, 3/25/17)

2017        Mar 20, In Afghanistan a suicide car bomb late today targeted a checkpoint in southern Helmand province, killing at least six members of an intelligence unit near Lashkar Gah. Seven other were wounded.
    (AP, 3/21/17)(SFC, 3/22/17, p.A2)
2017        Mar 20, Pakistan's PM Nawaz Sharif ordered the reopening of the country's border with Afghanistan, ending a protracted closure that has cost businesses on both sides millions of dollars and deepened tensions between the two neighbors.
    (AP, 3/20/17)

2017        Mar 22, Save the Children said more than 400,000 Afghan children are expected to drop out of school this year due to growing instability and the forcible return of Afghan refugees from Pakistan.
    (SFC, 3/23/17, p.A2)

2017        Mar 23, In Afghanistan Taliban fighters captured the strategic district of Sangin in the southern province of Helmand after security forces pulled out, leaving the district center to the insurgents. In Kunduz province an Afghan officer turned his rifle on sleeping colleagues, killing nine policemen.
    (Reuters, 3/23/17)(AP, 3/23/17)

2017        Mar 25, Pakistan said it has started building a fence along the Afghan border in areas where it says militants have launched cross-border attacks.
    (AP, 3/26/17)

2017        Apr 1, In Afghanistan at least nine civilians were killed late today after an army commando unit detonated a cache of ordinance found in southern Helmand province. The explosions caused the roof of their house to collapse.
    (AP, 4/2/17)

2017        Apr 2, In Afghanistan at least four provincial intelligence service agents were killed in an attack by Taliban insurgents in eastern Ghazni province.
    (AP, 4/3/17)

2017        Apr 3, Australia’s PM Malcom Turnbull and Afghan President Ashraf Ghani signed an aid agreement at the Australian Parliament House worth 320 million Australian dollars ($240 million) over four years. Hundreds of protesters demanded a better deal for the Hazara ethnic minority.
    (AP, 4/3/17)

2017        Apr 8, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed nine security forces in Balkh province. Five insurgents were killed. In Jawzjan province Islamic State militants attacked the Darzab district headquarters killing four Afghan soldiers.
    (SFC, 4/10/17, p.A2)

2017        Apr 12, In Afghanistan a suicide bomb attack near the Afghan Defence Ministry in Kabul killed at least five people. Islamic State militants claimed responsibility.
    (Reuters, 4/12/17)

2017        Apr 13, In Afghanistan a mine triggered by a civilian car exploded, killing three people and wounding two in Paktia province.
    (AP, 4/13/17)
2017        Apr 13, In Afghanistan an attack on a tunnel complex in eastern Nangarhar province with the largest non-nuclear weapon ever used in combat by the US military left at least 36 Islamic State militants dead and no civilian casualties. The bomb, known officially as a GBU-43B, or massive ordnance air blast weapon, unleashed 11 tons of explosives. Afghan authorities soon raised the number of fatalities to 94 Islamic State fighters dead.
    (AP, 4/14/17)(AP, 4/15/17)

2017        Apr 16, In Afghanistan Taliban militants stoned a man and a woman accused of adultery to death in Logar province.
    (AP, 4/17/17)

2017        Apr 17, In Afghanistan Ahmad Zia Massoud, a former vice president, was sacked with little explanation. He had been serving as Pres. Ashraf Ghani's representative on good governance and reform. Massoud, from Afghanistan's Tajik community, framed his firing as a move by Ghani, a Pashtun from the country's largest ethnic group, to push others away.
    (Reuters, 4/18/17)
2017        Apr 17, Afghan officials said Taliban militants killed three women and a young boy who were accused of spying in northern Sari Pul province.
    (AP, 4/17/17)

2017        Apr 18, In northern Afghanistan at least 14 Taliban fighters, including the shadow governor of Baghlan province, were killed in heavy fighting late today with Afghan forces. In the south a roadside bomb killed a district police chief and his driver in Zabul province.
    (AP, 4/19/17)

2017        Apr 20, In northern Afghanistan a roadside bomb planted by the Taliban killed two soldiers and a civilian in Badakhshan province.
    (AP, 4/20/17)

2017        Apr 21, In northern Afghanistan at least three army soldiers were killed and several wounded when Taliban gunmen attacked a military headquarters in Mazar-i-Sharif, Balkh province.
    (Reuters, 4/21/17)

2017        Apr 21, In northern Afghanistan at least eight army soldiers were killed and several wounded when 10 Taliban gunmen, dressed as Afghan soldiers, attacked a military headquarters in Mazar-i-Sharif, Balkh province. The toll soon rose to some 170 recruits killed and at least 80 others wounded.
    (AP, 4/21/17)(AP, 4/22/17)(CSM, 4/26/17)

2017        Apr 24, Afghanistan's army chief and defense minister resigned, following a Taliban attack over the weekend that struck a northern army base, killing more than 100 military and other personnel. Suspected Taliban insurgents attacked Camp Chapman, a US-operated base in the eastern province of Khost. The Taliban overran three security checkpoints in northern Takhar province, killing eight policemen and cutting off a key road and two of the region's districts.
    (AP, 4/24/17)(Reuters, 4/24/17)(AP, 4/25/17)
2017        Apr 24, Top US military officials said the United States must confront Russia for providing weapons to the Taliban for use against US-backed forces in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 4/24/17)

2017        Apr 25, In Afghanistan Islamic State militants attacked the Taliban in the northern Jawzjan province, igniting heavy clashes. 76 Taliban fighters were killed as well as 15 from the IS affiliate, which is largely made up of disgruntled former Taliban fighters. The IS militants seized two districts from the Taliban.
    (AP, 4/26/17)

2017        Apr 26, In eastern Afghanistan two US service members were killed late today during an operation against Islamic State militants in Nangarhar province. Dozens of IS fighters were also reported killed, but because of the remoteness of the region it was impossible to independently confirm the deaths. On April 28 the Pentagon said the two US special operations forces soldiers killed may have been struck by friendly fire in an operation targeting the emir of Islamic State militants in Afghanistan.
    (Reuters, 4/27/17)(AP, 4/28/17)(Reuters, 4/29/17)
2017        Apr 26, Pakistan's military released a video in which Liaquat Ali, better known by his nom de guerre, Ehsanullah Ehsan, said Afghan and Indian intelligence agencies gave funds and other assistance to Pakistani Taliban militants to fight Islamabad. Ehsan, the group's former spokesman, surrendered last week.
    (Reuters, 4/26/17)

2017        Apr 27, In Afghanistan a military raid killed Abdul Haseeb Logari, the IS chief in Nangarhar. Two US Army Rangers died in the raid. The Pentagon later said they may have been killed as the result of friendly fire in the opening minutes of the three-hour battle.
    (AP, 5/8/17)
2017        Apr 27, In Pakistan the Islamic State killed Maulvi Daud, a senior Afghan Taliban official, in the northwestern city of Peshawar.
    (Reuters, 4/29/17)

2017        Apr 28, The Taliban announced they will launch their spring offensive April 30, signaling plans to step up attacks as the weather warms across Afghanistan. This year's offensive was dubbed "Operation Mansouri," named for the Taliban leader killed last year in a US drone strike.
    (AP, 4/28/17)

2017        Apr 29, In Afghanistan US Marines returned to the volatile Helmand province, where American troops faced heated fighting until NATO's combat mission ended in 2014, as embattled Afghan security forces struggle to beat back the resurgent Taliban.
    (AFP, 4/29/17)

2017        Apr 30, In Afghanistan at least three people, including a small child, were killed when Islamic State group militants attacked Taliban insurgents in eastern Nangarhar province. 21 Taliban fighters and seven IS fighters were killed in the gun battle in Chaparhar district.
    (AP, 5/1/17)

2017        May 3, In Afghanistan at least eight civilians were killed and three US soldiers wounded when a suicide bomber attacked a US military convoy in Kabul.
    (SFC, 5/4/17, p.A2)

2017        May 4, Former Afghan warlord Gulbuddin Hekmatyar returned to Kabul on after two decades in hiding, calling for peace with Taliban insurgents and criticizing the Western-backed government, which he said was not working.
    (Reuters, 5/4/17)

2017        May 5, Afghan security forces fired across the border on Pakistani census workers and troops escorting them, killing nine and drawing a response from the military. On the Afghan side, officials reported six killed in the incident. Gen. Abdul Raziq, the police chief in Kandahar province, blamed Pakistan for initiating the gunbattle. He accused Islamabad of using the census as a mask to conceal the crossing of militants from Pakistan into Afghanistan. 11 people were killed in fighting between the two countries prompting Pakistan to close the border crossing.
    (AP, 5/5/17)(AP, 5/6/17)
2017        May 5, An Afghan truck driver was killed after a rocket fired from across the border hit him in Nangarhar province.
    (AP, 5/6/17)

2017        May 6, In northeastern Afghanistan Taliban insurgents overran a district police headquarters in Kunduz province after two days of intense fighting that left scores of casualties on both sides.
    (AP, 5/6/17)

2017        May 7, Pakistan said its forces killed at least 50 Afghan troops and destroyed five checkpoints in clashes along the disputed border two days earlier, while Afghanistan dismissed the account, saying only two border police and a civilian were killed.
    (AP, 5/7/17)

2017        May 8, The Afghan Interior Ministry said airstrikes have killed at least 34 IS fighters over the past 24 hours and destroyed an insurgent-controlled radio station in Nangarhar province.
    (AP, 5/8/17)

2017        May 12, In northern Afghanistan Taliban fighters launched the attack early today in the Burka district, Baghlan province. Four security forces were reported killed as well as 15 Taliban fighters. 10 insurgents including a Taliban-appointed deputy governor and district chief were killed in northern Samangan province.
    (AP, 5/12/17)(AP, 5/13/17)(SFC, 5/13/17, p.A2)
2017        May 12, Pakistan’s army said Pakistan and Afghanistan military officials have agreed to increase the number of bilateral interactions through various command and staff channels to foster an environment of mutual respect, trust and cooperation.
    (AP, 5/12/17)

2017        May 13, In Afghanistan at least three civilians were killed in the capital Kabul after their vehicle was attacked with a sticky bomb. An explosion in the western Herat province killed six people and wounded another 16.
    (AP, 5/13/17)(AP, 5/14/17)

2017        May 14, In eastern Afghanistan a mortar attack killed five children in Laghman province.
    (AP, 5/14/17)

2017        May 16, In Afghanistan a rocket attack on a market in Asad Abad, the capital of Kunar province, killed two civil servants. In the Laghman province, a Taliban mortar round struck a house, killing two women and wounding three children.
    (AP, 5/16/17)

2017        May 17, In Afghanistan a suicide attack on a state television station in Jalalabad killed at least six people as well as the attackers and wounded 24. The Islamic State militant group claimed responsibility for the attack.
    (Reuters, 5/17/17)

2017        May 18, An Afghan policeman turned his rifle on his colleagues as they slept at an outpost in eastern Nangarhar province late today, killing five. Eight policemen were killed in overnight attacks on three checkpoints in Kandahar province. 22 Taliban fighters were also reported killed.
    (AP, 5/19/17)(SFC, 5/19/17, p.A2)

2017        May 19, In eastern Afghanistan a suspected roadside bomb killed as many as 11 people from the same family on their way to a wedding in Logar province. Five Afghan policemen were killed in fighting with the Taliban in eastern Kapisa province.
    (Reuters, 5/19/17)(AP, 5/19/17)

2017        May 20, In eastern Afghanistan gunmen stormed a bank in Gardez, Paktia province, and opened fire, killing at least three people and wounding many more before being shot dead by security forces. Taliban fighters launched a three-pronged attack on parts of the central-eastern city of Ghazni overnight, driving a Humvee packed with explosives into the entrance of a district governor's compound during the assault. 25 Taliban fighters were reported killed along with two members of the security forces.
    (AP, 5/20/17)(Reuters, 5/20/17)
2017        May 20, In Afghanistan Taliban fighters launched coordinated attacks on security posts in the Shah Joy district of Zabul province late today killing at least 20 security forces. At least 10 other security forces were wounded. A German aid worker and an Afghan guard were killed and a Finnish woman kidnapped as gunmen stormed an international guest house in central Kabul late today. The Finnish woman was released on Sep 14.
    (AP, 5/21/17)(AFP, 5/21/17)(AP, 9/14/17)

2017        May 22, In northern Afghanistan insurgents ambushed a security convoy, killing five members of the local police in Faryab province.
    (AP, 5/22/17)

2017        May 25, In southern Afghanistan at least 13 soldiers were killed and eight others wounded in overnight fighting with Taliban insurgents at several security checkpoints in Kandahar province.
    (AP, 5/25/17)   

2017        May 26, In Afghanistan Taliban fighters attacked an army camp in the southern Kandahar province, killing at least 15 soldiers. More than 20 Taliban fighters were reported killed in the fighting.
    (AP, 5/26/17)(SFC, 5/27/17, p.A2)

2017        May 27, In Afghanistan a Taliban car bomber killed 13 people in the first major attack at the start of Ramadan targeting a CIA-funded militia group.
    (AFP, 5/27/17)
2017        May 27, Pakistani authorities reopened the main Chaman border crossing at Afghanistan's request. Pakistan and Afghanistan have agreed to maintain a ceasefire in the border town.
    (AP, 5/27/17)

2017        May 28, In Afghanistan gunmen killed district governor Ajmal Khan and his son in eastern Paktika province.
    (AP, 5/29/17)

2017        May 29, In Afghanistan Polish and Afghan special forces, backed by US air power, freed 11 people who had been taken hostage by the Taliban in Helmand province.
    (AP, 5/30/17)   

2017        May 31, In Afghanistan a powerful bomb hidden in a sewage tanker exploded in the morning rush hour in the center of Kabul, killing at least 90 people, wounding hundreds and damaging embassy buildings in the Afghan capital's unofficial "Green Zone". The death toll was later raised to over 150 with over 300 wounded.
    (Reuters, 5/31/17)(AP, 5/31/17)(AFP, 6/6/17)
2017        May 31, Austrian officials said 17 Afghans have been returned to their homeland, adding to the hundreds this year forced to leave Austria after their requests for asylum were rejected.
    (AP, 5/31/17)   

2017        Jun 2, In Afghanistan protesters demanding the resignation of the Afghan government after this week's devastating truck-bomb in Kabul clashed with riot police in a confrontation that resulted in at least six people dead. Salim Ezadyar, son of a senior Afghan parliamentarian, was among those killed in the clashes.
    (AP, 6/2/17)(Reuters, 6/3/17)(AP, 6/3/17)

2017        Jun 3, In Afghanistan at least 15 people were killed and 87 wounded when a trio of suicide bombers struck a funeral in Kabul attended by senior government officials.
    (AP, 6/3/17)(AP, 6/4/17)(SSFC, 6/4/17, p.A3)

2017        Jun 4, In Afghanistan at least six police officers were killed after two fellow police opened fire on them in southern Kandahar province. Hundreds of people continued to protest in Kabul demanding greater security and the ousting of Pres. Ashraf Ghani.
    (AP, 6/4/17)(SFC, 6/5/17, p.A2)

2017        Jun 6, Afghan leaders met officials of two dozen foreign governments and institutions, launching a so-called Kabul Process aiming to set the stage for peace talks and clinch an international pact to end "cross-border terrorism". A bomb planted in a rickshaw killed at least seven people and wounded eight others in Herat province.
    (Reuters, 6/6/17)(AP, 6/6/17)

2017        Jun 9, In eastern Afghanistan at least three civilians were killed by gunmen inside a mosque late today in Gardez, Paktia province.
    (AP, 6/10/17)

2017        Jun 10, In eastern Afghanistan three US soldiers were killed and one left wounded when an Afghan army solider opened fire on them in Nangarhar province. The Afghan soldier was also killed.
    (AP, 6/10/17)(AP, 6/11/17)

2017        Jun 11, In Afghanistan  a US convoy was en route to a mission late today when it was struck by a roadside bomb. Troops reacted by opening fire, killing a father and two sons in Nangarhar province.
    (AP, 6/12/17)

2017        Jun 15, A Trump administration official said the Pentagon will send almost 4,000 additional American forces to Afghanistan, hoping to break a stalemate in a war that has now passed to a third US commander in chief.
    (AP, 6/16/17)

2017        Jun 16, Two Pakistani officials disappeared as they were traveling by road from the Jalalabad consulate in eastern Afghanistan on their way to Pakistan.
    (AP, 6/18/17)

2017        Jun 17, Afghan army security forces recaptured Tora Bora in eastern Nangarhar province. At least 22 Islamic State group fighters were killed and 10 others were wounded in a clearance operation.
    (AP, 6/17/17)
2017        Jun 17, In Afghanistan an insider attack took place at a camp in Mazar-e Sharif. Soldiers returned fire and killed the attacker. The US military confirmed that at least some of the casualties were American soldiers.
    (AP, 6/17/17)
2017        Jun 16, Two Pakistani officials disappeared as they were traveling by road from the Jalalabad consulate in eastern Afghanistan on their way to Pakistan.
    (AP, 6/18/17)

2017        Jun 18, In eastern Afghanistan Taliban attackers stormed a police headquarters after striking it with two suicide car bombs, killing at least five police officers in Gardez, Paktia province.
    (AP, 6/18/17)    (SFC, 6/19/17, p.A2)

2017        Jun 19, Afghan President Ashraf Ghani inaugurated the first Afghanistan-India air corridor during a ceremony at the Kabul International Airport — a direct route that bypasses Pakistan and is meant to improve commerce.
    (AP, 6/19/17)
2017        Jun 19, In Afghanistan district chief Aqa Mohammad Fazeli was shot and killed in western Nimroz province by gunmen riding on a motorcycle. Taliban gunmen opened fire on Afghan security guards in the country's northern Parwan province, killing at least eight guards late today.
    (AP, 6/19/17)(AP, 6/20/17)

2017        Jun 20, In Afghanistan four policemen were killed when their vehicle struck a roadside bomb in southern Helmand province. In eastern Nangarhar province a judge died when his vehicle was blown up by a sticky bomb.
    (AP, 6/20/17)
2017        Jun 20, Pakistan's army says construction will begin soon on a fence across the border with Afghanistan in order to improve security.
    (AP, 6/20/17)

2017        Jun 22, In Afghanistan a car bomb exploded outside a bank in Lashkar Gah, Helmand province, killing at least 34 people and wounding dozens of civilians and members of the security forces waiting to collect their pay.
    (Reuters, 6/22/17)(AFP, 6/22/17)

2017        Jun 24, In Afghanistan the Taliban attacked a security post in Herat province late today, setting off a gunbattle in which five insurgents were killed. At least 10 police officers were killed and another three wounded.
    (AP, 6/25/17)
2017        Jun 24, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi has arrived in Pakistan on a two-day visit to discuss bilateral ties and stability with neighboring Afghanistan.
    (AP, 6/24/17)

2017        Jun 27, In Afghanistan gunmen killed two policewomen in Badakhshan province as the sisters returned to their jobs after Eid holidays. Two policemen were killed late today when their checkpoint came under insurgent attack in Qalat, Zabul province. Two insurgents were also killed in the attack.
    (AP, 6/28/17)

2017        Jun 29, In Afghanistan the Taliban stormed an Afghan security post in the western Farah province late today, killing at least six policemen and wounding three.
    (AP, 6/30/17)

2017        Jun 30, In Afghanistan a pickup truck hit a roadside bomb in the Achin district of Nangarhar province, killing seven villagers. Mullah Bashir, a Taliban shadow district chief, was killed late today in fighting with security forces in eastern Wardak province.
    (AP, 6/30/17)(AP, 7/1/17)

2017        Jul 1, In Afghanistan at least 13 militants, including five Islamic State fighters, were killed overnight after Afghan warplanes targeted their hideouts in eastern Paktika, northern Sar-e Pul and Jawzjan provinces.
    (AP, 7/1/17)

2017        Jul 2, In Afghanistan Taliban insurgents ambushed a local militia group in northern Balkh province, killing 13 pro-government fighters. Taliban insurgents launched attacks on the city of Kunduz from two different directions in the country's northeast.
    (AP, 7/2/17)

2017        Jul 3, In Afghanistan an American soldier (19) died in Helmand province from wounds received in an attack.
    (Reuters, 7/5/17)

2017        Jul 11, In Afghanistan a US drone strike in Kunar province killed Abu Sayed, a leader of the local Islamic State.
    (SFC, 7/15/17, p.A2)

2017        Jul 12, Afghanistan's all girl robotics team will be allowed entry into the US to compete in a competition after President Donald Trump personally intervened to reverse a decision twice denying them enter into the country.
    (AP, 7/13/17)

2017        Jul 17, Afghan officials said security forces backed by US air strikes have retaken Nawa district from the Taliban as part of a drive to weaken the insurgents' hold on Helmand province and push them back from around its capital, Lashkar Gah. More than 50 fighters were reported killed and vehicles and equipment were destroyed.
    (Reuters, 7/17/17)
2017        Jul 17, A private jet, which Afghan officials suspected was bringing back embattled Vice President Rashid Dostum from Turkey, was turned away when it tried to land in the northern city of Mazar-i-Sharif. The plane diverted to Turkmenistan.
    (Reuters, 7/18/17)
2017        Jul 17, A UN report said 1,662 civilians were killed in Afghanistan between January and June of this year. Insurgent attacks killed 1,141 and 434 were killed during military operations against insurgents.
    (SFC, 7/18/17, p.A2)

2017        Jul 18, In Afghanistan five policemen were killed and another six were wounded in a fierce battle with the Taliban after the insurgents launched a three-pronged push in the northern Baghlan province. Roadside mines killed three children and two soldiers in two separate incidents in the country's western province of Herat.
    (AP, 7/18/17)(AP, 7/19/17)

2017        Jul 20, In Afghanistan the Taliban ambushed a police convoy in the country's volatile south, killing two policemen and wounding three others in Kandahar province.
    (AP, 7/20/17)
2017        Jul 20, In southern Afghanistan Abdur Rahman (23), the son of Taliban leader Mullah Haibatullah Akhundz died carrying out a suicide attack in Helmand province. Taliban fighters drove three captured Humvee vehicles into checkpoints during heavy fighting around Gereshk.
    (Reuters, 7/22/17)

2017        Jul 21, In Afghanistan an insurgent attack overnight in western Ghor province killed four police officers and wounded another seven police. A US airstrike killed 16 Afghan police and wounded two others in the Gereshk district of Helmand province.
    (AP, 7/21/17)(AP, 7/22/17)(AFP, 7/22/17)
2017        Jul 21, In Afghanistan 70 people were abducted from their village along the main road in the south and seven of them were found dead the following day alongside the highway, from the city of Kandahar to Tarinkot in Uruzgan province.
    (AFP, 7/23/17)

2017        Jul 22, In Afghanistan two police were killed late today when Taliban using the cover of darkness to attack the district headquarters, setting fire to the police headquarters buildings in northern Faryab province's Lawlash district.
    (AP, 7/23/17)

2017        Jul 23, In Afghanistan Taliban fighters overran a second district headquarters in as many days, this one in western Ghor province. At least eight police were killed in separate battles.
    (AP, 7/23/17)(SFC, 7/24/17, p.A4)

2017        Jul 24, In Afghanistan at least 26 people were killed and 42 wounded after a Taliban-claimed car bomb struck a bus carrying government employees through a Shiite neighborhood in Kabul. A presidential spokesman said the Taliban also killed at least 35 civilians in an attack on a hospital in central Ghor province over the weekend.
    (AFP, 7/24/17)(SFC, 7/25/17, p.A3)

2017        Jul 26, In southern Afghanistan Taliban fighters killed 30 soldiers and wounded 13 others in an overnight attack on an army base in Kandahar province.
    (Reuters, 7/26/17)(Reuters, 7/27/17)

2017        Jul 27, Afghan officials said security forces backed by air strikes have been fighting to retake a district in the western province of Ghor since it fell to the Taliban earlier this week. A joint US and Afghan military operation in eastern Paktika province killed two al-Qaida linked leaders, identified as Asad Mehsud and Gul Wali Mehsud, and led to the capture of Jamal Mehsud.
    (Reuters, 7/27/17)(AP, 7/27/17)

2017        Jul 29, In Afghanistan two civilians were killed in Shahjoy District, when their vehicle hit an improvised explosive device. Militants laid siege to police outposts in Helmand province killing at least 12 officers. The Taliban said 25 officers were killed.
    (AP, 7/30/17)(SSFC, 7/30/17, p.A4)

2017        Jul 30, In Afghanistan Taliban attackers stormed a security outpost in eastern Ghazni province killing 2 police and wounding 6 others.
    (AP, 7/30/17)

2017        Jul 31, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber blew himself up at the main gate of the Iraqi embassy in Kabul, allowing gunmen to enter the building and battle security forces. Four attackers were killed along with two embassy workers.
    (Reuters, 7/31/17)

2017        Aug 1, In western Afghanistan a suicide bomb attack killed 33 people at a Shiite mosque in Herat. The Islamic State claimed responsibility. Among the dead was Asif Qaderian, the father of one of the girls of Afghan’s robotics team.
    (AFP, 8/2/17)(AP, 8/3/17)

2017        Aug 2, In southern Afghanistan a suicide bomber struck a NATO convoy near Kandahar city killing two US soldiers and wounding another four. The Taliban took responsibility for the attack.
    (AP, 8/2/17)(AP, 8/4/17)

2017        Aug 3, In Afghanistan a Taliban suicide bomber disguised as a woman rammed his motorcycle into an international convoy, killing a NATO soldier and two Afghan civilians in an attack north of Kabul.
    (AP, 8/4/17)

2017        Aug 4, Afghan security forces retook a district center in the eastern province of Paktia, following a sequence of fighting with Taliban insurgents that has seen control over a series of strongpoints change hands in recent days.
    (Reuters, 8/4/17)

2017        Aug 5, In Afghanistan Taliban and Islamic State insurgents launched coordinated attacks form three different directions on Sayad district in northern Sari Pul province killing at least seven security forces. More than 50 people including women and children were killed by insurgents in northern Sari Pul province. Romanian soldiers from the NATO-led Resolute Support mission killed an Afghan policeman who was trying to carry out an insider attack after a training session in the southern province of Kandahar.
    (AP, 8/5/17)(Reuters, 8/5/17)(AP, 8/6/17)(AFP, 8/7/17)
2017        Aug 5, Afghan security forces seized a truck in Kabul carrying 16.5 tons of ammonium nitrate hidden in chicken feed and intended to be used for making explosives.
    (Reuters, 8/6/17)

2017        Aug 9, Afghan officials said the Taliban have released 235 villagers held since the insurgents seized control of an area in northern Sari Pul province five days ago. The insurgents still held an unknown number of civilians.
    (AP, 8/9/17)

2017        Aug 10, In eastern Afghanistan 16 civilians were killed when vehicles they were traveling in were hit by US air strikes believed to be targeting Islamic State militants in Nangarhar province.
    (SFC, 8/12/17, p.A4)
2017        Aug 10, In Afghanistan several senior members of Islamic State's central Asian affiliate were killed in a US air strike Kunar province. They included Abdul Rahman, identified by the US military as the Kunar provincial emir for Islamic State of Iraq and Syria-Khorasan, and three other senior ISIS-K members.
    (Reuters, 8/13/17)

2017        Aug 11, In Afghanistan at least 13 civilians, including women and children, were killed after their house was hit by mortars during a battle in northern Faryab province.
    (AP, 8/12/17)

2017        Aug 14, In central Afghanistan three Afghan aid workers employed by Catholic Relief Services were gunned down and killed in Ghor province.
    (Reuters, 8/15/17)

2017        Aug 15, In northeastern Afghanistan a Taliban suicide bomber detonated his explosives-packed vehicle near an Afghan military checkpoint in Kunduz province, killing at least one person.
    (AP, 8/15/17)

2017        Aug 16, In eastern Afghanistan an American soldier was killed and several others were wounded in a battle with Islamic State militants in the Achin district of the Nangarhar province. A suicide car bomber killed three civilians while trying to attack an Afghan army base in the southern Helmand province late today. In southern Kandahar province, Taliban fighters stormed police checkpoints in two districts late today, killing seven policemen and wounding nine. In southern Zabul province the Taliban attacked a police base, killing eight policemen.
    (AP, 8/17/17)

2017        Aug 18, In Afghanistan Taliban insurgents attacked a police checkpoint in the southern Helmand province late today, killing five Afghan police.
    (AP, 8/19/17)

2017        Aug 20, US Defense Secretary Jim Mattis said President Donald Trump has made a decision on the United States' strategy for Afghanistan after a "sufficiently rigorous" review process.
    (Reuters, 8/20/17)

2017        Aug 22, US Pres. Donald Trump offered few specifics in a televised address about Afghanistan, but promised a stepped-up military campaign against Taliban insurgents who have gained ground against US-backed Afghan government forces.
    (Reuters, 8/22/17)

2017        Aug 23, In Afghanistan a Taliban suicide bomber targeting Afghan policemen and soldiers collecting their pay killed at least seven people and wounded more than 40 in Lashkar Gah, Helmand province.
    (Reuters, 8/23/17)

2017        Aug 25, In Afghanistan two assailants blew themselves up and another two were shot dead by Afghan security forces at the entrance to a Shi'ite Muslim mosque in Kabul. At least 28 people were killed including worshippers gathering for prayers.
    (Reuters, 8/25/17)(AP, 8/25/17)(AP, 8/26/17)

2017        Aug 27, In Afghanistan two police officers, including a district police chief, were reported killed when their convoy was attacked by militants in western Nimroz province.
    (AP, 8/27/17)

2017        Aug 29, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber struck at Nawe Kabul Bank killing five people.
    (AP, 8/29/17)(SFC, 8/30/17, p.A4)
2017        Aug 29, Afghan authorities said the country's air force has killed up to 13 civilians including women and children in airstrikes targeting a Taliban base in the western province of Herat. At least 16 Taliban fighters were also killed.
    (AFP, 8/29/17)

2017        Aug 30, In Afghanistan at least 11 civilians were killed and 16 wounded when a NATO helicopter attacked a house where Taliban insurgents had taken shelter in Logar province, east of Kabul.
    (Reuters, 8/30/17)
2017        Aug 30, In Afghanistan a roadside mine planted by the Taliban killed three police officers in western Farah province.
    (AP, 8/31/17)

2017        Sep 4, In Afghanistan two people were killed and two others wounded when a helicopter appeared to come under fire from guests at a wedding party near Kabul and fired back. Afghan officials said the helicopter came from the NATO-led Resolute Support coalition.
    (Reuters, 9/5/17)

2017        Sep 6, A senior US commander in Afghanistan apologized for a "highly offensive" leaflet, distributed a day earlier, which contained a passage from the Quran used in the Taliban militants' banner superimposed on to the image of a dog.
    (Reuters, 9/6/17)

2017        Sep 10, In Afghanistan American historian Nancy Hatch Dupree (90), who first came to Afghanistan in 1962 and spent much of her life collecting and documenting historical artifacts, passed away at a Kabul hospital.
    (AP, 9/10/17)

2017        Sep 11, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber in an explosives-packed vehicle attacked a NATO convoy, wounding "a small number" of foreign troops and at least three civilians. A statement from the Taliban militants said 13 Americans had been killed and 11 wounded and three armored vehicles destroyed. Lorena Enebral Perez (38), a Spanish national physiotherapist working at the International Committee of the Red Cross' rehabilitation center, was shot and killed by a patient in northern Balkh province.
    (Reuters, 9/11/17)

2017        Sep 13, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber struck outside a cricket stadium during a match in Kabul, killing at least three people and wounding 12 others.
    (AP, 9/13/17)
2017        Sep 13, Eight Afghans with criminal records arrived in Kabul after their applications for asylum were rejected in Germany.
    (Reuters, 9/13/17)

2017        Sep 15, In southern Afghanistan a car carrying explosives rammed into a convoy of international troops killing Romanian Cpl. Madalin Stoica (41) and wounding two others in Kandahar province.
    (AP, 9/15/17)

2017        Sep 16, Counterterrorism officials and analysts said thousands of Shiite Muslims from Afghanistan and Pakistan are being recruited by Iran to fight with President Bashar al-Assad's forces in Syria, lured by promises of housing, a monthly salary of up to $600 and the possibility of employment in Iran when they return.
    (AP, 9/16/17)

2017        Sep 17, In Afghanistan a bomb went off in a computer and mobile phone market, killing at least four civilians and wounding 15 others in Khost province. Another two civilians were killed in a separate bombing in the eastern Laghman province.
    (AP, 9/17/17)

2017        Sep 18, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb in the southern province of Kandahar killed at least six civilians traveling in a car that hit the device.
    (Reuters, 9/18/17)

2017        Sep 22, In Afghanistan at least four young children were killed in an automobile accident in eastern Nangarhar province. 34 others, including children, women and men were injured when a minibus overturned and went into a ditch late today.
    (AP, 9/23/17)

2017        Sep 24, In Afghanistan a car bomber attacked a Danish convoy belonging to the NATO-led military mission in Kabul, wounding a number of civilians but leaving international forces unharmed.
    (Reuters, 9/24/17)

2017        Sep 26, In Afghanistan attacks in two neighboring Herat and Farah provinces killed at least five policemen, while a sixth policeman died in a gunbattle with the Taliban in Takhar province.
    (AP, 9/26/17)
2011        Jan 1, In Afghanistan NATO forces captured two key insurgent leaders. 2 insurgents were killed in a NATO airstrike in the Kandahar province's Zhari district. A NATO service member was killed in a deadly bombing that raised to three the number of coalition troops killed since the new year began. NATO said coalition and Afghan forces captured a Taliban insurgent who provided the materials used in the Dec. 5 bombing of a NATO base in Khost province.
    (AP, 1/2/11)

2011        Jan 2, In Afghanistan gunmen entered a mosque in Baghlan province's Markazi district, killing four civilians and wounding two. A fifth person was killed in a bombing outside a butcher's shop in Herat.
    (AP, 1/3/11)

2011        Jan 3, US Marine Maj. Gen. Richard Mills, the senior Marine general in Afghanistan, said the leaders of the largest tribe in a Taliban stronghold in the southern Helmand province have pledged to halt insurgent attacks and expel foreign fighters.
    (AP, 1/3/11)

2011        Jan 4, Afghanistan's Pres. Karzai told foreign powers to stop meddling in the country's internal affairs. A bomb exploded in central Kabul, killing one police officer and wounding three other people. Hundreds of police swept through villages 220km northeast of Kabul, killing at least eight rebels in an operation against militants. In Kandahar province four rebels were killed when an IED they were planting on a road went off prematurely.
    (AP, 1/4/11)(AFP, 1/4/11)

2011        Jan 5, Afghanistan's intelligence agencies said that they have thwarted two major attacks in Kabul in the past 20 days: a plot to assassinate the country's first vice president and a bombing near the president's palace. NATO said two of its service members were killed by roadside bombs, one in southern Afghanistan and the second in the east.
    (AP, 1/5/11)

2011        Jan 6, The Pentagon said the US will temporarily send 1,400 more Marines to Afghanistan in an effort to hold onto fragile security gains, but overall troop levels will not surpass previously announced limits.
    (Reuters, 1/6/11)

2011        Jan 7, In southern Afghanistan a Taliban suicide bomber  in Spin Boldak assassinated a police commander named Ramazan and killed 16 others at a public bath. Criminal investigation police chief Farid Ahmad was killed in a drive-by shooting in Kandahar. Hundreds of Afghans demonstrated outside the Iranian Embassy in Kabul to protest Iran's blocking of thousands of fuel trucks at the border with Afghanistan, a step that has sent domestic fuel prices soaring as the country's harsh winter sets in.
    (AFP, 1/7/11)

2011        Jan 8, In Afghanistan 3 civilians, including a child, were killed in crossfire as militants battled NATO forces in Helmand province. 2 civilians were killed and three wounded when a rocket struck their home in Helmand. A roadside bomb killed a coalition soldier in the east.
    (AP, 1/9/11)(SSFC, 1/9/11, p.A5)

2011        Jan 9, In Afghanistan’s northern province of Kunduz, NATO forces, in tandem with their Afghan counterparts, arrested five people in connection with a Dec. 19 attack that killed at least eight Afghan security soldiers and police in the area. Hundreds gathered in the main mosque in Kunduz to protest the arrest of Mullah Nurallah, the apparent target of the raid. Irate Afghan authorities denied that local forces were involved.
    (AP, 1/9/11)

2011        Jan 10, In southern Afghanistan 3 policemen were killed in a car bombing claimed by the Taliban in Kandahar province. Vice President Joe Biden arrived on a trip for talks with President Hamid Karzai and visit with US troops. Gen. David Petraeus, commander of NATO forces in Afghanistan, said a recent pledge by a southern Afghan tribe to stand up to the Taliban shows that the military push in the region is making headway.
    (AFP, 1/10/11)(Reuters, 1/10/11)

2011        Jan 11, An Afghan government delegation said a major coalition military operation under way in Kandahar has caused about 100 million dollars worth of damage to property. Operation Omaid, which started in April, was aimed to root out the Taliban in Kandahar.
    (AFP, 1/11/11)

2011        Jan 12, In Afghanistan attacks against the intelligence service and international forces killed at least nine people. A suicide bomber on a motorbike targeted a minibus carrying Afghan intelligence service employees. The attack left at least two people dead and wounded more than 30. Two roadside bombs killed four international troops. A fifth international service member was killed in an insurgent attack in eastern Afghanistan, and another died in the east from a "non-battle related injury. Afghan and coalition forces detained a Taliban operator in Behsud district of Nangarhar province.
    (AP, 1/12/11)(AP, 1/13/11)

2011        Jan 13, In eastern Afghanistan a bomb in a marketplace killed a child outside a music cassette shop in Jalalabad. The Afghan fuel ministry said that Iran currently was allowing 1,000 tons of fuel to enter Afghanistan at three border crossings each day, compared with 3,000 to 4,000 tons daily before the trucks were blocked.
    (AP, 1/13/11)

2011        Jan 14, In southern Afghanistan insurgents detonated a roadside bomb that killed seven civilians they had released only moments earlier following a brief detention on a highway in Zabul province. NATO said in a statement that its regional command in the south had received more than 800 claims for compensation since Nov. 2 and that it had settled more than half, paying out a total of $1.4 million.
    (AP, 1/14/11)

2011        Jan 15, In southern Afghanistan a US Marine shot and killed an Afghan policeman after an argument at a patrol base in Sangin, Helmand province. A joint Afghan and NATO force killed several armed insurgents while tracking a Taliban operator in Nirkh district of Wardak province, west of Kabul. 13 militants were killed in the operation. A bicycle bomb targeting police vehicles near the center of Kandahar city wounded at least 10 people. 6 civilians were killed by a roadside bomb in Helmand province and six died after an air strike by foreign forces in mountainous eastern Kunar.
    (AP, 1/15/11)(Reuters, 1/16/11)

2011        Jan 16, In northern Afghanistan a roadside bomb destroyed a car carrying nine people to a wedding in Baghlan province, killing everyone inside including a child. A joint Afghan and NATO force killed 3 more militants in Wardak province.
    (Reuters, 1/16/11)

2011        Jan 18, Afghanistan's trade associations said they have halted trade with neighboring Iran to protest against an unexplained fuel blockade which has been choking the Afghan economy. An Afghan soldier shot dead one Italian troop and seriously wounded another at an army post in northern Afghanistan. 50 Taliban fighters laid down their arms and joined pro-government forces in northern Afghanistan. A rocket hit a civilian house during a firefight between insurgents and NATO forces in Herat province. One child was killed and another 10 people were wounded.
    (Reuters, 1/18/11)(AP, 1/18/11)(AP, 1/19/11)(Reuters, 1/20/11)
2011        Jan 18, In Afghanistan an unknown assailant sprayed acid in the face of a prominent Afghan journalist and author, apparently in retaliation for his politically charged writing. Razaq Mamoon was not critically injured, but his face was splotchy with red and black patches.
    (AP, 1/19/11)

2011        Jan 19, In eastern Afghanistan a total of 13 civilians including children and women were killed by a Taliban-style roadside bomb in Paktika province. A roadside bomb in southern Zabul province killed four border police officers who were patrolling the area. Pres. Karzai’s office said he would defer by a month the already delayed inauguration of parliament. Legislators said they start their work unilaterally.
    (AFP, 1/19/11)(AP, 1/19/11)(SFC, 1/20/11, p.A3)

2011        Jan 20, The Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan said in an online post that Bekkay Harrach, known by the pseudonym Abu Talha al-Almani, "Abu Talha the German," was killed leading an attack on the Bagram Air Field in Afghanistan. It didn't specify when.
    (AP, 1/20/11)

2011        Jan 21, Afghan leader Hamid Karzai paid his first state visit to Russia amid political mayhem at home that saw a delay in the seating of a new parliament and renewed questions about his ability to lead the war-ravaged state. A joint statement said Pres. Medvedev has gratefully accepted Hamid Karzai's invitation to visit Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 1/21/11)
2011        Jan 21, Osama bin Laden demanded that France withdraw its troops from Afghanistan in exchange for the release of French hostages being held by al-Qaida affiliates, according to an audio message broadcast on an Arabic news channel.
    (AP, 1/21/11)

2011        Jan 23, Afghan lawmakers set aside a demand for President Hamid Karzai to scrap a controversial court probing election fraud, paving the way for parliament to convene in three days after weeks of in-fighting.
    (AP, 1/23/11)

2011        Jan 26, Afghan President Hamid Karzai inaugurated parliament, ending weeks of political infighting, but took a dig at the West saying "foreign interference" had been a serious problem.
    (Reuters, 1/26/11)

2011        Jan 28, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber killed 9 people, including 3 foreign women, inside a high-end grocery store in the heart of a heavily guarded district of Kabul that's home to many diplomats and Westerners. Six of the victims were the son of a former Afghan senator (Mahbooba Huqoqmal), his rights activist wife and their four children. On Feb 10 an Afghan man publicly confessed to helping a suicide bomber cross the Pakistani border so he could attack the Kabul supermarket popular with foreigners.
    (AP, 1/28/11)(AFP, 1/29/11)(AP, 2/10/11)

2011        Jan 29, In Afghanistan Abdul Latif Ashna, the deputy governor of southern Kandahar province, was killed by a suicide bomber. The Taliban claimed responsibility for the attack.
    (AFP, 1/29/11)

2011        Jan 31, In eastern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed a NATO service member.
    (AP, 1/31/11)

2011        Feb 2, Afghan President Hamid Karzai arrived in New Delhi to discuss efforts to restore security in Afghanistan and to attend a conference on sustainable development.
    (AP, 2/2/11)
2011        Feb 2, Afghanistan's Finance Minister Omar Zakhilwal called for an investigation into allegations he personally benefited from corruption at Kabul Bank, the country's largest bank. Details of alleged improper interest payments were made public by The Wall Street Journal a day earlier.
    (AP, 2/2/11)
2011        Feb 2, In Afghanistan Australian Corporal Richard Edward Atkinson (22) was killed while on patrol in Uruzgan's Deh Rahwod. This upped the number of Australian troops killed in the conflict to 22.
    (AFP, 2/3/11)

2011        Feb 3, The US military said Awal Gul (48), an Afghan prisoner at Guantanamo Bay, collapsed and died, apparently from natural causes, after exercising inside the jail. Gul fell in the shower Feb 1 after working out on an elliptical machine in Camp 6, a communal section of the Guantanamo reserved for well-behaved prisoners, and died at the base hospital. He was an "an admitted Taliban recruiter" who operated an al-Qaida guesthouse and had met several times with Osama bin Laden. Gul resigned from the Taliban more than a year before the attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, because he considered them "corrupt and abusive." He was arrested by US forces in December 2001 when he voluntarily traveled to meet with American military officials in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 2/4/11)

2011        Feb 4, In southern Afghanistan a suicide car bomb struck outside the house of Kandahar city police chief Khan Mohammad Mujahid, wounding at least 2 people. It was the 2nd attack on him this week.
    (AP, 2/4/11)

2011        Feb 5, In southern Afghanistan two NATO service members were killed in separate bomb attacks. NATO troops captured 48 Iranian-made warheads, 49 fuses, and 49 rocket mortars. They were being transported in a three-truck convoy, in southern Nimruz, near the Iranian and Pakistani borders.
    (AP, 2/5/11)(AP, 3/9/11)

2011        Feb 7, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber killed one person and wounded five others in Kandahar city, hours after attackers gunned down a local government chief in the country's volatile eastern borderlands. David Hillman, a retired customs officer who had worked for the US government for 30 years, died in the blast at the Inland Customs Warehouse in Kandahar. Giles Duley (39), British photographer, was severely injured in a roadside bombing during a foot patrol in Kandahar province. He underwent multiple amputations and was flown back to Britain for further treatment.
    (AP, 2/7/11)(AP, 2/9/11)(AFP, 2/12/11)

2011        Feb 8, Afghan Pres. Karzai seconded a request by the High Peace Council calling for the release of Mullah Khairullah Khairkhwa, to join in reconciliation talks. Khairkhwa, who has been held at Guantanamo since 2002, was a Taliban interior minister and governor of Herat province during the Taliban government.
    (SFC, 2/9/11, p.A3)
2011        Feb 8, Lithuania sent an 8-member team to train Afghan army helicopter pilots. Defense Minister Rasa Jukneviciene said the Lithuanian military could hand over the central Afghan province of Ghor to local forces by the end of 2012. A Lithuanian force of some 150 has been at the helm since 2005 of what is known in NATO jargon as a Provincial Reconstruction Team in Ghor. Lithuania first sent troops to Afghanistan in 2002 after the US-led overthrow of the Taliban regime.
    (AFP, 2/8/11)

2011        Feb 9, In southern Afghanistan 2 NATO service members died. In the north a roadside bomb exploded and killed the director of criminal investigations in Chimtal district of Balkh province.
    (AP, 2/9/11)
2011        Feb 9, US authorities ordered sanctions on two Afghan nationals said to be part of the financial network that supports Al-Qaeda, the Taliban and the Haqqani network. The US Treasury named as Specially Designated Global Terrorists Said Jan Abd Al-Salam and Khalil Al-Rahman Haqqani.
    (AFP, 2/9/11)

2011        Feb 10, In northern Afghanistan a suicide bomber killed Chardara district governor Abdul Wahid Omerkhail and two others after walking into the administrator's office in Kunduz province to hand over a letter.
    (AFP, 2/10/11)

2011        Feb 12, In Afghanistan Taliban suicide bombers killed 19 people, including 15 police and an intelligence agent, in an assault on police headquarters in Kandahar city.
    (AFP, 2/12/11)

2011        Feb 14, Afghan government prosecutors and police stormed into election commission offices in Kabul to seize control of vote data, accusing the body of not cooperating with a probe into fraud. A suicide bomber blew himself up at the entrance of a Kabul shopping and hotel complex, killing two security guards in the second attack at a site frequented by foreigners and westernized Afghans in less than a month. Officials said 9 employees of Afghanistan's Central Bank and a troubled private bank (Kabul Bank), have been accused of stealing $1.5 million through a fake check scheme. The suspects were arrested two weeks ago.
    (AFP, 2/14/11)(AP, 2/14/11)

2011        Feb 17, Afghan and NATO forces said they have captured leaders of an insurgent group in eastern Afghanistan, including one believed to be linked to last month's suicide attack on a Kabul supermarket. Insurgent attacks elsewhere killed three, including a NATO service member. The multinational force said it killed a member of the Haqqani network in an airstrike in Khost province. An Afghan National Police officer was killed when he was hit by a NATO convoy in a traffic circle near the US Embassy in Kabul. A NATO operation in Kunar province killed number of insurgents. Afghan civilians were later reported killed in the operation.
    (AP, 2/17/11)(Reuters, 2/20/11)(AP, 2/21/11)

2011        Feb 18, In northern Afghanistan a man wearing an Afghan army uniform opened fire on German troops working on a vehicle, killing two soldiers and wounding at least eight others. A suicide car bomber struck a police station in the eastern city of Khost, killing 11 people — one Afghan policeman and 10 civilians. A roadside bomb killed three Afghan policemen and wounded two others in Shinwar district of the eastern province of Nangarhar. A roadside bomb also killed a coalition service member in the south. 
    (AP, 2/18/11)
2011        Feb 18, The United States sanctioned the New Ansari Money Exchange, a major Afghan money-exchange outfit, suspected of laundering billions of dollars in drug money.
    (AP, 2/19/11)

2011        Feb 19, In eastern Afghanistan gunmen and suicide bombers dressed as border police killed 38 people and wounded more than 70 in an attack on a bank in Jalalabad. Seven insurgents had attacked the bank, three of them detonating explosive vests inside the building. On June 20 two men were hanged in Kabul's Pule Charkhi prison for their part in the attack.
    (Reuters, 2/19/11)(AP, 2/20/11)(AFP, 2/20/11)(AFP, 6/20/11)
2011        Feb 19, An Australian soldier and an Afghan interpreter were shot dead by insurgents in Uruzgan province, bringing Australia's death toll from the conflict to 23.
    (AP, 2/19/11)

2011        Feb 20, Afghan provincial Governor Fazlullah Wahidi said 64 civilians, including women and children, were killed in 4 days of operations by NATO and Afghan forces in eastern Kunar province. NATO said 36 armed insurgents were killed. Coalition forces fired at three insurgents planting a roadside mine near a NATO base in Nangarhar province. One weapon missed the target, hit a house and killed a couple and their four children.
    (Reuters, 2/20/11)(AP, 2/21/11)

2011        Feb 21, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber blew himself up at the entrance to a government office in Kunduz province, killing at least 30 people, many who were waiting in line to obtain government identification cards. A NATO service member was killed in a roadside bombing in the south.
    (AP, 2/21/11)

2011        Feb 24, In Afghanistan a suicide car bomb attack killed an intelligence agent and wounded 26 other people in Spin Boldak, a town on the Pakistan border.
    (AFP, 2/24/11)

2011        Feb 26, In northwest Afghanistan amid screams of "Suicide bomber! Suicide bomber!" an insurgent detonated his vest of explosives, killing at least four people at a sports field. A roadside bomb killed nine people near the eastern city of Khost.
    (AP, 2/26/11)

2011        Feb 27, Afghanistan's government said that its investigations have found NATO killed 65 civilians, many of them children, during recent operations in a remote northeastern militant stronghold. The parliament elected Abdul Rahoof Ibrahimi, a former Uzbek warlord, as speaker, ending a month of squabbling over the position that has further undermined the credibility of an assembly tainted by electoral fraud.
    (AFP, 2/27/11)(Reuters, 2/27/11)

2011        Feb 28, In Afghanistan 4 NATO service members, including a 37-year-old Italian lieutenant, were killed by roadside bombs and an insurgent attack. 8 Afghan policemen left their checkpoint  in Helmand province and never returned. The bodies of 4 of the policemen were found the next day. A bombing in the east killed two coalition troops.
    (AP, 2/28/11)(AP, 3/1/11)

2011        Mar 1, In Afghanistan an insurgent attack killed a NATO service member in the south.  Residents in Ghazni burned blankets, clothing and other items that they said coalition troops had distributed in the city a day earlier. 9 young children died in a NATO strike as they collected firewood in Darah-Ye Pech district of northeastern Kunar province. The incident happened after an insurgent rocket attack on a military base prompted coalition forces to return fire.
    (AP, 3/1/11)(AP, 3/2/11)

2011        Mar 4, In southern Afghanistan a bombing killed a NATO service member.
    (AP, 3/5/11)

2011        Mar 5, In Afghan Staff Sgt. Mark Wells (31), a US army explosives technician from San Jose, Ca., was killed in Helmand province when he stepped on a hidden bomb.
    (SFC, 3/8/11, p.C3)

2011        Mar 6, Afghan President Hamid Karzai told General David Petraeus, the commander of U.S. and NATO forces in Afghanistan, his apology for a foreign air strike that killed nine children on March 1 was "not enough." 12 civilians, including 5 children, were killed when their vehicle was hit by a roadside bomb in southeastern Paktika province.
    (Reuters, 3/6/11)

2011        Mar 7, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb in Jalalabad killed two policemen and wounded another 25 people.
    (AP, 3/7/11)

2011        Mar 10, Afghan President Hamid Karzai’s brother said a relative was killed overnight by international forces. ISAF had initially issued a statement saying that the man killed in the operation was the father of a Taliban leader who was responsible for distributing car bombs to insurgents in Kandahar city and coordinating weapons supplies from outside Afghanistan. US Army Staff Sgt. Eric Trueblood (27) was killed by an IED in Kandahar province.
    (AFP, 3/10/11)(SFC, 3/12/11, p.C2)

2011        Mar 11, NATO defense ministers in Brussels endorsed a list of the first cities and provinces where Afghan police and soldiers will take control of security, a key element in the West's exit strategy from the decade-old war.
    (AP, 3/11/11)

2011        Mar 13, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed four Afghan civilians in a car in Kandahar province's Shorabak district. Two NATO service members were killed this weekend. One died in an insurgent attack in the east and another in a bomb attack in the south.
    (AP, 3/13/11)(SFC, 3/14/11, p.A2)

2011        Mar 14, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber posing as an army volunteer struck an Afghan army recruitment center in the northern province of Kunduz, killing 35 volunteers. A civilian car struck a roadside bomb in Zabul province's Mazana district, setting off an explosion that killed all three men inside. A bomb blast killed three Afghan civilians in Nangarhar province's Sorkh Rod district. Two brothers, aged 11 and 17, were killed by a NATO strike while tending fields on their family farm in Kunar's Chawkay district.
    (AP, 3/14/11)(AP, 3/15/11)(AP, 3/16/11)

2011        Mar 15, The Afghan interior ministry announced that seven private security companies are being dissolved. "Based on our commitment to transparency and the rule of law, the private security companies have been informed that they have been dissolved because of their connection to officials of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan." The government ordered all private security companies to disband by March 21 next year. Two bombings killed a local legislator in Laghman province and a school principal in Nangarhar province. A NATO service member was killed in an insurgent attack in eastern Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 3/15/11)(AP, 3/16/11)

2011        Mar 17, In northern Afghanistan gunmen on motorcycles kidnapped six road engineers and their driver as they were traveling to a work site.
    (AP, 3/18/11)

2011        Mar 22, Afghan Pres. Karzai said that his nation's security forces will take over from the US-led coalition in seven parts of the country, a first step toward his goal of having Afghan police and soldiers in charge by the end of 2014 so foreign combat troops can go home.
    (AP, 3/22/11)

2011        Mar 23, In Afghanistan a NATO helicopter gunship inadvertently killed two civilians while attacking suspected insurgents in the eastern province of Khost. 2 British soldiers were killed by a roadside bomb in Helmand province.
    (AP, 3/24/11)

2011        Mar 26, Afghan President Hamid Karzai left on a visit to Tehran, where he will meet his Iranian counterpart following a row over fuel imports and attend a ceremony to mark the Persian new year. 3 militants and 4 civilians died when two cars they were traveling in were hit by NATO fire in Helmand province. 3 lower ranking Taliban fighters were killed in one vehicle and 4 civilians were killed in a second vehicle. Taliban militants kidnapped some 40 policemen after being tipped off that they would be traveling in Kunar province.
    (AFP, 3/26/11)(AP, 3/27/11)(SFC, 3/28/11, p.A2)(AP, 3/30/11)

2011        Mar 27, In southern Afghanistan a NATO service member was killed in a roadside bombing. A team of suicide bombers shot their way into the compound of a road construction company in eastern Afghanistan and detonated a truck loaded with explosives, killing at least 24 people and wounding 56 others in Paktika province.
    (AP, 3/27/11)(AP, 3/28/11)(SFC, 3/29/11, p.A2)

2011        Mar 28, In Afghanistan former transport minister Inayatullah Qasimi was arrested on charges of corruption. He was released 3 days later, but faced trial for misuse of public funds and abuse of authority. Qasimi was accused of corruption and abuse of power while in office between 2004 and 2005.
    (AFP, 3/31/11)

2011        Mar 29, In northeast Afghanistan about 300 Taliban fighters overran the tiny capital of a remote mountainous district, forcing police to retreat from their small outpost in the Waygal district of Nuristan province. The Taliban said 12 police officers and their weaponry were captured. Police chief Shamsul Rahman denied that any of his men were captured. 6 NATO troops were killed in three separate incidents during an operation in Kunar province.
    (AP, 3/29/11)(AP, 3/30/11)

2011        Mar 31, In Afghanistan NATO soldiers killed two civilians after opening fire on a car which the force said had tried to attack a patrol in Kandahar city. A local official said an ISAF soldier opened fire after a civilian car hit one of their vehicles in a traffic accident.
    (AFP, 3/31/11)
2011        Mar 31, Indonesia arrested 43 Afghans who were trying to reach Australia illegally.
    (AP, 3/31/11)

2011        Apr 1, In Afghanistan 7 foreigners including 4 Nepalese guards were killed after demonstrators protesting a reported burning of the Muslim holy book stormed a UN office in Mazar-e-Sharif, opening fire on guards and setting fires inside the compound. Those killed included Nepalese guards who were working for the UN and other foreigners employed at the complex, as well as Joakim Dungel (33), a Swede who worked on human rights; Lt. Col. Siri Skare (53), a female pilot from Norway who was an adviser; and Filaret Motco (43), a Romanian who worked in the political section of the UN Five Afghan protesters were also killed and others wounded.
    (AP, 4/1/11)(Reuters, 4/2/11)(SFC, 4/2/11, p.A4)(AP, 4/3/11)

2011        Apr 2, In Afghanistan at least 10 people were killed and 83 wounded in Kandahar city, on a 2nd day of violent protests over the burning of a Koran by a radical fundamentalist Christian in the US. A suicide attack also hit a NATO military base in the capital Kabul. The attacks were sparked by the actions of Christian preacher Terry Jones who supervised the burning of the Koran in front of about 50 people at a church in Florida on March 20.
    (Reuters, 4/2/11)

2011        Apr 3, In Afghanistan demonstrators battled police in Kandahar city, where an officer was shot dead. Demonstrators also took to the streets of Jalalabad for the first time as Western pleas failed to halt a third day of rage over a Florida pastor's burning of the Quran. A NATO service member was killed in an insurgent attack in the east.
    (AP, 4/3/11)(AP, 4/4/11)
2011        Apr 3, In Afghanistan Lance Cpl. Harry Lew shot himself following hazing by fellow Marines. 3 Marines were later accused of hazing Lew. In 2012 lance Cpl. Jacob Jacoby was sentenced to 30 days in jail and reduction in rank. Two others faced trial.
    (SFC, 2/2/12, p.A6)

2011        Apr 4, In northern Afghanistan two American trainers were killed by a person with a police uniform in Maymana, the capital of Faryab province. A night raid by NATO-led forces in the northern province of Sar-e-Pul targeted a Taliban provincial shadow governor. Local officials said 6 civilians were killed.
    (AP, 4/4/11)(SFC, 4/6/11, p.A5)

2011        Apr 5, In eastern Afghanistan NATO forces killed seven insurgents who tried to storm their way onto a base in Jalalabad.
    (AP, 4/6/11)

2011        Apr 7, Six Afghan security personnel were killed as Taliban gunmen detonated a bomb hidden in an ambulance at a police centre near the key southern city of Kandahar. 3 insurgents were also killed. Demonstrations against the burning of a copy of the Koran by an American pastor entered a seventh day when several hundred people gathered for a peaceful protest outside a Kabul mosque. A roadside bomb killed a coalition service member in the south.
    (AP, 4/7/11)(AP, 4/8/11)

2011        Apr 8, In northern Afghanistan insurgents gunned down Daud Esiq Zai, police chief of the Ghosfandi district in Sari Pul province, where the Taliban has intensified attacks, especially against those aligned with the government.
    (AP, 4/8/11)

2011        Apr 10, In western Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed three tribal elders, possibly in retaliation for their cooperation with the government. A NATO service member was killed in an attack in the north of the country. Kareem Daad, a district-level Taliban commander, was captured in an overnight raid in southern Uruzgan province.
    (AP, 4/10/11)

2011        Apr 11, Afghanistan's Pres. Karzai strongly rebuked his international backers, saying Western financial advisers may be tried for contributing to the country's banking crisis and he would now dictate the terms of any future US presence. Ghulam Dastageer, a district council member in Helmand province, was killed by insurgents while he was praying in a mosque.
    (AP, 4/11/11)(AP, 4/12/11)
2011        Apr 11, Turkey said it is willing to consider the idea of hosting a political office for Taliban militants from Afghanistan in order to promote talks to end the war there, and an Afghan official said Turkish planning is already in progress.
    (AP, 4/11/11)

2011        Apr 12, In eastern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed five road construction workers who were in a car driving near the Pakistani border. A roadside bomb killed two Afghan police officers as they were destroying opium poppies in Kandahar province. 3 children died from an insurgent grenade tossed during a NATO operation in northern Faryab province.
    (AP, 4/12/11)

2011        Apr 13, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber killed 10 people in an attack on peace talks between tribal elders in eastern Kunar province. Former mujahideen commander Mohammad Zarin died along with nine others. Abu Hafs al-Najdi, described as an "Al-Qaeda senior leader," was killed in an air strike in Kunar province. NATO made the announcement on April 26. The Saudi man was also known as Abdul Ghani.
    (Reuters, 4/13/11)(AFP, 4/26/11)

2011        Apr 14, In Afghanistan 3 policemen were killed when 3 Taliban suicide bombers struck a police training centre in Paktia province. A second suicide attacker was gunned down before blowing up himself. The third attacker escaped. Two other suicide attacks in Kabul and Kandahar city left 7 people wounded.
    (AFP, 4/14/11)

2011        Apr 15, In Afghanistan Khan Mohammad Mujahid, the police chief in Kandahar city, was killed by a Taliban suicide bomber along with two of his bodyguards.
    (AP, 4/15/11)

2011        Apr 16, Afghan President Hamid Karzai and visiting Pakistani PM Yusuf Raza Gilani agreed to boost joint peace efforts with Taliban insurgents. In eastern Laghman province a suicide bomber wearing an Afghan army uniform blew himself up inside a military base, killing five NATO soldiers and four Afghan soldiers. Two bomb blasts in the south killed three soldiers.
    (AFP, 4/16/11)(AP, 4/16/11)(AP, 4/17/11)

2011        Apr 18, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber killed two soldiers in the Defense Ministry in Kabul in the third attack on security installations in four days. The attacker was shot dead before he set off his explosives. Afghan and Iranian officials said armed assailants have kidnapped 12 Iranians and 2 Afghans building a road in western Farah province. 3 of the men were released April 19 and the rest on April 20 with the help of local tribal elders.
    (Reuters, 4/18/11)(AP, 4/19/11)(AP, 4/20/11)

2011        Apr 19, In Afghanistan 17 insurgents, including foreign fighters, were killed in Kunar province by Afghan and coalition forces searching for a senior leader of the al-Qaida network.
    (AP, 4/21/11)

2011        Apr 20, In Afghanistan a French soldier was killed and nine others were wounded when their armored vehicle struck a road side bomb in Kapisa province. A Haqqani operator was captured in Tere Zayi district of Khost province, which borders Pakistan. Several suspected insurgents were detained in the provincial capital of Khost. Coalition and Afghan troops took the leader of the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU) and two of his associates into custody in Khan Abad district of Kunduz province.
    (AP, 4/21/11)(AP, 4/22/11)
2011        Apr 20, The Afghan government said the scandal-plagued Kabul Bank would be split in two, one good bank and one filled with bad loans, as part of a drastic overhaul to save it from failure.
    (SFC, 4/21/11, p.A5)

2011        Apr 21, In Afghanistan a bomb blast killed three Afghan policemen on a bus in Nangarhar province. The nephew of a militant network run by Gulbuddin Hekmatyar was killed in fighting in Wardak province. In Khost province 3 Afghan men, who were part of a civilian police force guarding a road construction project, were killed by coalition forces in Spera district.
    (AP, 4/21/11)(AP, 4/22/11)

2011        Apr 22, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed five Afghan border policemen. An insurgent attack left one NATO service member dead in the east. Afghan forces killed eight insurgents in a gunbattle in the Pech Valley area of eastern Kunar province. A suicide attacker on foot detonated a vest packed with explosives at the entrance to a building used by education officials in Jayi Maydan district of Khost province. The bomber died in the attack and four people were wounded.
    (AP, 4/22/11)(AP, 4/23/11)

2011        Apr 23, In eastern Afghanistan insurgents shot down a NATO helicopter in the Alasay district of Kapisa province where fighting has intensified. The only two crew members were recovered alive. One foreign service member was killed. Militants ambushed an Afghan police vehicle, killing 2 policemen and wounding 2 others in Dara Nur district of Nangarhar province. A roadside bomb killed 2 NATO service members. A gunman shot dead Abdul Zahir, deputy of the Helmand provincial peace council.
    (AP, 4/23/11)(AP, 4/24/11)

2011        Apr 24, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed a NATO service members. NATO confirmed that Afghan and coalition forces have killed three leaders of the Haqqani network, including Salih Khan, a senior Haqqani leader in Nadir Shah Kot district.
    (AP, 4/24/11)

2011        Apr 25, In southern Afghanistan some 488 Taliban fighters and commanders escaped overnight from a prison in Kandahar in an audacious jailbreak which the government admitted was a security "disaster." The Taliban later said 541 prisoners escaped including 106 military commanders.
    (AFP, 4/25/11)(SFC, 4/29/11, p.A5)

2011        Apr 26, The Afghan government said its forces have recaptured at least 65 of the prisoners who escaped from Kandahar’s largest prison, as it scrambled to recover from the massive security breach that allowed 480 inmates to be spirited out in a stunning jailbreak.
    (AP, 4/26/11)

2011        Apr 27, In Afghanistan 8 American troops and a US contractor died after Afghan military pilot Ahmad Gul (48) opened fire during a meeting at Kabul airport.
    (AP, 4/27/11)

2011        Apr 28, Afghan authorities said 74 escapees had been recaptured and 2 more killed following the April 25 prison break.
    (SFC, 4/29/11, p.A5)

2011        Apr 30, The Afghan Taliban announced the beginning of their spring military offensive against the US-led coalition.
    (AP, 4/30/11)

2011        May 1, Militants in Afghanistan killed at least 11 people in bombing and shooting attacks, the first day of the its announced spring offensive. In Kandahar, policemen receiving NATO-donated supplies including caps and protective eyewear drew guns and fought over the items, leaving one policeman dead and four wounded. President Hamid Karzai accused the Taliban of using a 12-year-old as a suicide bomber and sending him to carry out an attack that killed a local council member.
    (AP, 5/1/11)(Reuters, 5/1/11)

2011        May 3, Afghan security forces killed and wounded 25 foreign fighters overnight after they crossed the border to Nuristan province from Pakistan.
    (AP, 5/3/11)

2011        May 5, In Afghanistan some 2,000 protesters gathered to criticize President Hamid Karzai's willingness to start peace talks with the Taliban. A roadside bomb killed a NATO service member in southern Afghanistan. In Baghlan province a torrential downpour flooded several districts, killing nine people.
    (AP, 5/5/11)(AP, 5/6/11)

2011        May 6, Afghan police killed 10 militants in a gun battle in eastern Paktika province.
    (AP, 5/6/11)

2011        May 7, In Afghanistan the Taliban unleashed a wave of attacks on government targets in Kandahar city. At least 10 blasts, including seven suicide attacks, rocked the city as assaults spread to other sites including police stations and the office of the National Directorate of Security (NDS). Afghan intelligence service paraded five alleged suicide bombers from Pakistan, all boys in adolescence or even younger, before reporters, photographers and cameramen at a news conference in an effort to turn public opinion against the Taliban.
    (AFP, 5/7/11)(AFP, 5/8/11)(AP, 5/15/11)

2011        May 8, In Afghanistan gunfire rang out through Kandahar after government troops fought running battles with Taliban fighters, the second day of fighting since scores of insurgents launched waves of attacks on key government and police targets. The fighting left 23 attackers killed as well as two members of the security forces. Nearly all the insurgents killed so far had escaped late last month from Kandahar city's main Sarposa prison. NATO said it had seized more than six tons of hashish during an operations against insurgents in Kandahar province's Panjwai and Zhari district.
    (Reuters, 5/8/11)(AP, 5/8/11)

2011        May 9, In southern Afghanistan 2 NATO service members were killed by roadside bombs.
    (AP, 5/10/11)

2011        May 10, In Afghanistan hundreds of insurgents launched a large-scale attack against Afghan police in remote Nuristan province, a part of the country that is largely under Taliban control. A NATO service member was killed by a roadside bomb. In southern Zabul province NATO and Afghan forces killed 10 militants. In eastern Paktika, the provincial governor's office said six insurgents were killed and another eight captured in Afghan police operation.
    (AP, 5/10/11)(AP, 5/11/11)

2011        May 11, Afghan police engaged in fierce battles with about 100 Taliban fighters on motorcycles who had attacked Abduraman village in northern Jawzjan province. In an overnight firefight that raged intensely for two hours, 17 insurgents and one villager were killed.
    (AP, 5/11/11)

2011        May 12, Indian PM Manmohan Singh offered Afghanistan $500 million in fresh aid, during his first visit to the war-torn country since 2005.
    (AFP, 5/12/11)

2011        May 13, In Afghanistan two NATO service members were killed in Helmand province by an Afghan policeman, who was wounded and hospitalized. Another NATO service member was killed by a roadside bomb in southern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 5/13/11)(SFC, 5/14/11, p.A2)

2011        May 15, In southern Afghanistan a British marine was killed in a blast while searching a compound in the Nad-e Ali district of Helmand Province.
    (AFP, 5/15/11)

2011        May 16, In southern Afghanistan 4 NATO service members were killed in an explosion.
    (AP, 5/16/11)

2011        May 17, In eastern Afghanistan NATO and Afghan overnight joint operations killed at least 12 insurgents in Paktika province. Another four insurgents were killed today in a raid in Mata Khan district. A NATO raid late in the day killed two men and two women who were inside a home in an area known as Gawmal, Takhar province.
    (AP, 5/17/11)(AP, 5/18/11)

2011        May 18, In Afghanistan hundreds of protesters, angered by an overnight NATO raid that they believed killed four civilians, clashed with security forces on the streets of Taloqan, Takhar province. At least 12 people died in the fighting. A suicide bomber crashed a car into a police bus, killing 14 people and wounding 16 in Nangarhar province. In the south a NATO service member died in an insurgent attack.
    (AP, 5/18/11)(AP, 5/19/11)(SFC, 5/20/11, p.A2)

2011        May 19, In Afghanistan insurgents firing heavy machine guns, rocket-propelled grenades and assault rifles killed 35 workers and guards in an attack on a NATO-funded road construction site in a remote area of Paktia province.
    (AP, 5/20/11)

2011        May 21, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber killed at least 6 medical students and wounded 23 more at a military hospital in a heavily-guarded area of Kabul. 3 Afghan policemen were killed and 3 wounded when their vehicle was struck by a roadside bomb in the western province of Herat. A border police officer was killed when his vehicle was struck by a roadside bomb in the Spin Boldak district of Kandahar.
    (AFP, 5/21/11)(AP, 5/22/11)

2011        May 22, In Afghanistan 6 members of the Afghan security forces died when the Taliban stormed a traffic police office in Khost city and two suicide bombers detonated themselves, triggering a nine-hour stand-off. Two female civilians died and five others including four women were wounded in the southern province of Zabul when the tractor they were travelling in hit a roadside mine.
    (AFP, 5/22/11)

2011        May 23, In southern Afghanistan a NATO service member died in an explosion. NATO forces in southern Helmand province conducting a search shot and killed an Afghan who they said acted hostile and raised an object toward troops. The object was a flashlight. An unnamed intelligence source said Taliban leader Muhammad Omar was shot dead 2 days earlier as he moved from Quetta, Pakistan, to North Waziristan. There was no confirmation.
    (AP, 5/24/11)(SFC, 5/24/11, p.A3)

2011        May 24, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed 10 workers, and NATO again promised that the coalition would not abandon the country even if some members plan to withdraw their forces. The Taliban shot dead the principal of a boys' only high school in Logar province. A NATO service member died in a bomb attack in southern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 5/24/11)(AP, 5/25/11)

2011        May 25, In Afghanistan airborne NATO and Afghan soldiers expelled Taliban fighters from a government building they occupied in Do Ab, Nuristan province, and forced them to flee to surrounding mountains. At least 10 Taliban fighters were killed. Provincial officials later said over 20 police officers dressed in civilian clothes were killed. A NATO service member died in a bomb attack in northern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 5/25/11)(SFC, 5/30/11, p.A3)

2011        May 26, In eastern Afghanistan a NATO helicopter crash killed one service member. 8 US troops were killed while on foot patrol in southern Afghanistan. They were hit by two consecutive blasts, with one explosion going off as troops rushed to aid those wounded from the first blast. 2 Afghan policemen were also killed in the blasts in Kandahar province.
    (AP, 5/26/11)(AP, 5/27/11)(SFC, 5/27/11, p.A2)

2011        May 27, In southern Afghanistan a NATO service member was killed in an insurgent attack.
    (AP, 5/27/11)

2011        May 28, Afghan President Hamid Karzai traveled to neighboring Turkmenistan on a trip aimed at drumming up regional support for his struggling nation's economic future.
    (AP, 5/28/11)
2011        May 28, In Afghanistan the top German commander was wounded when a suicide bomber attacked a provincial governor's compound in the north of the country. Mohammed Daoud Daoud, the police chief of northern Afghanistan, the provincial police chief of Takhar  and 3 German soldiers were among 7 people killed in the suicide bombing at the Takhar governor's office. US Marines called in air support after their base in Nawzad district came under attack from small arms fire. The provincial administration said two civilian houses were targeted which killed 14 civilians. The dead included 5 girls, 7 boys and 2 women.
    (AP, 5/28/11)(AFP, 5/29/11)(AP, 5/29/11)

2011        May 29,  In eastern Afghanistan 3 American troops were killed in a bomb attack.
    (AP, 6/1/11)

2011        May 30, In western Afghanistan Taliban insurgents led by suicide bombers attacked an Italian military base and set off another explosion that left dozens wounded. 4 insurgents died. An Afghan policeman and four civilians were killed in the explosions in Herat. 4 NATO soldiers were killed in other parts of the country. NATO officials apologized for an airstrike on May 28 that inadvertently killed women and children, saying that they thought that only insurgents were inside the targeted compound when they ordered the strike. An Afghan soldier shot dead his Australian mentor in Uruzgan province. A night raid carried out by Afghan forces under NATO direction in the northern province of Balkh resulted in the arrest of a man believed to have taken part in the May 28 attack that killed two Afghan police officials and wounded a German general.
    (Reuters, 5/30/11)(AP, 5/30/11)(AP, 5/31/11)(AP, 6/1/11)

2011        May 31, Afghan President Hamid Karzai said he will no longer allow NATO airstrikes on houses, issuing his strongest statement yet against strikes that the military alliance says are key to its war on Taliban insurgents. A NATO spokeswoman said attacks on houses in Afghanistan are necessary and will continue in cooperation with Afghan security forces. A NATO service member was killed in an insurgent attack in eastern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 5/31/11)(AP, 6/1/11)

2011        Jun 1, In eastern Afghanistan a NATO service member was killed in an insurgent attack.
    (AP, 6/1/11)
2011        Jun 1, India pledged to help strengthen the capabilities of Afghanistan's security forces after a meeting between the defense ministers of both countries in New Delhi.
    (AFP, 6/1/11)

2011        Jun 2, In Afghanistan a German soldier died and five were wounded when their tank was hit by a roadside bomb in Baghlan province.
    (AP, 6/2/11)

2011        Jun 3, In southern Afghanistan two coalition service members were killed in separate insurgent attacks. An Italian paramilitary Carabinieri was killed in northeastern Panjsher province. Lt. Col. Cristiano Congiu, a member of the anti-drug and security squad at the Italian embassy, was involved in an altercation on a narrow village street. He allegedly fired his pistol and wounded a youth, aged 18 or 19. Villagers then fired their own weapons and killed Congiu.
    (AP, 6/4/11)

2011        Jun 4, In eastern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed four NATO service members. In the east a female suicide bomber detonated her explosives near a coalition convoy, wounding three Afghan guards in Kunar province. In Nangahar province at least two Taliban gunmen shot to death a local counterterrorism official in the Khogyani district.
    (AP, 6/4/11)(AP, 6/5/11)

2011        Jun 5, In eastern Afghanistan a coalition helicopter crashed, killing two on board in Khost province. In the south an insurgent attack killed a NATO service member. A bomb killed two Afghan security guards near the entrance of a Kabul Bank branch in the Maidan Shahr district of Wardak province.
    (AP, 6/5/11)

2011        Jun 7, In Afghanistan the decapitated remains of Jawad Zehak, a Bamiyan provincial politician, were recovered.
    (SFC, 6/8/11, p.A5)

2011        Jun 9, The Afghan government said gunmen have killed 9 people in a nighttime attack on a wedding party in Nangarhar province.
    (SFC, 6/9/11, p.A2)

2011            Jun 11, In Afghanistan at least 21 people were killed across the country. A report from the UN Mission to Afghanistan noted that the month of May was especially deadly for Afghan civilians. 368 deaths were reported and 593 civilians were wounded.
            (AP, 6/11/11)(SSFC, 6/19/11, p.A5)

2011        Jun 15, In Afghanistan an insurgent shell struck a new $106-million police training center during inauguration ceremonies in Wardak province.
    (SFC, 6/16/11, p.A2)

2011        Jun 16, More than 200 militants crossed into Pakistan from Afghanistan and attacked a border village with rockets, mortars and machine guns, killing five people and kidnapping more than 20. A bomb attack in southern Afghanistan killed a NATO coalition service member.
    (AP, 6/16/11)(AP, 6/17/11)

2011        Jun 17, A rocket fired during fighting in Pakistan's tribal region landed in eastern Afghanistan, killing four children in an area where militants launch attacks on US-led forces.
    (AP, 6/17/11)

2011        Jun 18, In Afghanistan insurgents targeted a police station in a suicide attack in Kabul, killing nine people, including five civilians, before they were eventually gunned down. 8 NATO service members were killed. Four died in fighting in the south and east, while another four died in a vehicle accident in the south.
    (AP, 6/19/11)

2011        Jun 19, In northern Afghanistan a suicide attacker blew up his explosives-laden car next to a German military convoy, killing three Afghan civilians. An Afghan soldier who shot dead his Australian mentor last month was killed when he tried to pull his pistol on troops attempting to capture him in Khost province.
    (AP, 6/19/11)(AP, 6/20/11)

2011        Jun 20, In Afghanistan's violent east one of the leaders of the al Qaeda-linked Haqqani network said they will target courts and judges after the execution of two fighters convicted over the brutal Feb 19 bank raid in Kabul.
    (Reuters, 6/20/11)

2011        Jun 22, President Barack Obama mapped a course for drawing down the nearly 10-year war in Afghanistan and set a target of bringing home 33,000 troops by next summer.
    (AP, 6/22/11)(AP, 6/23/11)

2011        Jun 23, A special Afghan tribunal overturned nearly 25 percent of last year's legislative election results, alleging massive fraud and putting into question who will control the parliament, one of the few checks on President Hamid Karzai. The Afghan government said that ten Pakistani artillery shells landed in Sarkano district of Kunar province, killing four children.
    (AP, 6/23/11)(Reuters, 6/24/11)
2011        Jun 23, France said it will pull its 4,000 troops out of Afghanistan on the same staggered timetable as the US withdrawal, helping pave the way for drawdowns by other allies.
    (AP, 6/23/11)

2011        Jun 24, In northern Afghanistan a bicycle rigged with explosives ripped through a bazaar in the Khanabad district of Kunduz province killing at least 10 people.
    (AP, 6/25/11)
2011        Jun 24, In Iran Pakistani president Asif Ali Zardari and his Afghan counterpart Hamid Karzai held a three-way summit with Iran ahead of attending an anti-terrorism conference.
    (AFP, 6/24/11)

2011        Jun 25, Afghanistan's political crisis worsened with lawmakers voting to sack the five most senior judicial officials and international consternation growing after a presidential tribunal threw out a quarter of parliament. In the east a suicide bomber blew up a sport utility vehicle outside a small clinic in Logar province, bringing the building down on those inside. At least 38 people were reported killed and 50 wounded.
    (AFP, 6/25/11)(AFP, 6/26/11)
2011        Jun 25, In Iran Pakistani Pres. Asif Ali Zardari and his Afghan counterpart Hamid Karzai attended an international anti-terrorism conference alongside Sudan's Pres. Omar al-Bashir, Iraqi Pres. Jalal Talabani and Tajik Pres. Emomali Rahmon. The presidents of Afghanistan, Iran and Pakistan agreed to join forces in combating militancy.
    (AP, 6/25/11)(AFP, 6/25/11)

2011        Jun 26, Afghan President Hamid Karzai accused Pakistan of firing 470 rockets into two of its eastern border provinces in a three-week barrage. Security forces said that 36 people have died in the barrages, which hit civilians in areas where NATO forces have withdrawn. Two Spanish soldiers were killed, and another three were injured, when their armored vehicle hit an improvised explosive device.
    (AP, 6/26/11)(AFP, 6/26/11)

2011        Jun 27, In northern Afghanistan a senior leader of a leader of the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan was captured in Kunduz city dressed up like a woman. Two associates were also captured.
    (AP, 6/28/11)

2011        Jun 28, Afghan President Hamid Karzai's government dismissed the claims made by Abdul Qadir Fitrat, chairman of Da Afghanistan Bank, insisting his life was not under threat and calling him a "runaway governor". The central bank governor has resigned and fled to the United States, saying his life is in danger over a corruption probe targeting influential figures connected to the government, and that the Karzai government was refusing to prosecute those allegedly involved in fraudulent loans.
    (AFP, 6/28/11)(SFC, 6/28/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 28, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed two women and injured a child who were walking in Panjwai district of Kandahar province. A NATO service member was killed in an insurgent attack. Heavily armed Taliban militants stormed a top Kabul hotel, sparking a ferocious battle involving Afghan commandos and a NATO helicopter gunship that left 20 people dead including nine attackers. The hotel was hosting delegates attending an Afghan security conference and a large wedding party when the insurgents struck late in the day.
    (AP, 6/28/11)(AFP, 6/29/11)(AP, 6/30/11)

2011        Jun 29, In Afghanistan Ismail Jan, the deputy to the senior Haqqani commander inside Afghanistan, and other Haqqani fighters died in the airstrike in Gardez. He was suspected of having provided assistance, including weapons, fighters and training, to the gunmen who attacked the Inter-Continental hotel a day earlier.
    (AP, 6/30/11)
2011        Jun 29, Afghan authorities arrested two former executives of Kabul Bank in connection with a scandal at the troubled country's biggest private lender. Sherkhan Farnood and Khalilullah Ferozi, the bank's former chairman and chief executive, had initially been held under a loose form of house arrest in Kabul but had now been taken into detention.
    (AP, 7/1/11)
2011        Jun 29, France-3 television said that their reporters Stephane Taponier and Herve Ghesquiere, held hostage in Afghanistan since December 2009, have been freed.
    (AP, 6/29/11)

2011        Jun 30, In southern Afghanistan roadside bombs killed two NATO service members in separate attacks. A man, woman and four children were killed when the car in which they were riding hit a roadside bomb in Marjah district, Helmand province. Militants captured two de-mining workers and seized five of their vehicles in Gardez.
    (AP, 6/30/11)

2011        Jun, Afghan President Hamid Karzai confirmed published accounts about US talks with the Taliban via Tayyab Aga, a personal emissary of Taliban leader Mullah Mohammed Omar. He did not publicly detail the content, format or participants. The first contact was held in late 2010 followed by at least two other meetings in early spring of this year. The sessions were held in Germany and Qatar.
    (AP, 8/29/11)

2011        Jul 1, In Afghanistan two civilians riding a donkey were killed when the animal stepped on a bomb in Kandahar’s Maruf district. When villagers came to recover the bodies, another roadside bomb went off and killed two more civilians. A NATO coalition service member was killed in a roadside bombing in the south.
    (AP, 7/2/11)

2011        Jul 2, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed 13 people when an explosion ripped through the van they were traveling in. Two gunmen on a motorcycle killed Wakil Mohammad Khan, a member of the local council in Nahri Sarraj district of Helmand province. Italian coalition service member was killed in a roadside bombing in the west. In Kabul, about 500 demonstrators chanted "Death to the Pakistan military!" and "Long live Afghanistan!" as they protested against rocket attacks that have killed at least 36 civilians in recent weeks.
    (AP, 7/2/11)

2011        Jul 3, In north Afghanistan a suspected militant on a motorbike threw a hand grenade at the gates of a school in Maimana, Faryab province, injuring 17 children. Police arrested the gunman.
    (AFP, 7/3/11)

2011        Jul 4, In Afghanistan the Taliban said that British soldier Scott McLaren (21), who was reported missing, was captured by their fighters and then died in the crossfire during a battle with NATO troops in the Babaji area of Helmand province. The top Afghan commander said McLaren was found dead in a stream that ran through his military base, after apparently drowning, and his body was later shot by insurgents. A NATO service member was killed in a bomb attack in the east.
    (AP, 7/4/11)(AFP, 7/6/11)
2011        Jul 4, Around 60 Afghan militants attacked a Pakistani paramilitary checkpoint in a cross-border raid, killing one soldier and sparking a gunbattle that lasted for more than two hours. Militants used mortar and rocket fire to cover their advance into the Bajur tribal area.
    (AP, 7/4/11)

2011        Jul 5, In Afghanistan civilians were killed during a fight between insurgents and an Afghan-led security force, which was searching for a leader of the Haqqani network. 13 people — including the Haqqani leader. Provincial authorities in southern Ghazni province said two civilians were killed and one other injured in a military incident.
    (AP, 7/7/11)(AFP, 7/7/11)

2011        Jul 6, In Afghanistan an Azerbaijani cargo plane carrying supplies for the Afghan NATO mission crashed into treacherous mountains killing all nine crew on board outside Kabul. The nine crew were from Azerbaijan and Uzbekistan. The plane was operated by private Azerbaijani airline Silk Way.
    (AFP, 7/6/11)
2011        Jul 6, Six Afghan policemen and a civilian were killed when their car drove over a landmine in the southern province of Uruzgan. Taliban fighters attacked several border police checkpoints killing nearly 2 dozen officers in Nuristan province. A NATO patrol came under fire in Khost province and an air strike was called in. 3 women and 6 children were killed along with 4 insurgents. NATO acknowledged that civilians were killed.
    (AFP, 7/7/11)(SFC, 7/7/11, p.A2)(SFC, 7/8/11, p.A4)
2011        Jul 6, British PM David Cameron confirmed that the UK will withdraw 500 troops from Afghanistan by the end of 2012.
    (AP, 7/6/11)
2011        Jul 6, Pakistani troops backed by attack helicopters clashed with Taliban fighters in Miranshah, North Waziristan. A night of political violence left 24 people dead in Karachi. Hundreds of militants crossed from Afghanistan and attacked several Pakistani border villages, triggering shootouts with local militias that killed at least 5 people.
    (AFP, 7/6/11)(AP, 7/6/11)

2011        Jul 7, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed 8 Afghan policemen on a patrol in the northern district of Fayz Abad. A NATO service member died as a result of a non-battle related injury in the south. In the east a NATO helicopter crashed in Parnwan province, but the crew was recovered. Up to 13 civilians, mostly women and children, were killed in a NATO air strike in the eastern province of Khost.
    (AP, 7/7/11)(AFP, 7/7/11)
2011        Jul 7, Canada formally ended its combat mission in Afghanistan after years of being on the front lines of the fight against Taliban insurgents in the south.
    (AP, 7/7/11)

2011        Jul 9, The Afghan defense ministry said military officials from Pakistan and Afghanistan have agreed to hold more high-level talks to defuse a row over a series of attacks across their porous border. Four Taliban fighters were killed in daylong fighting in Ghazni province. In central Uruzgan province, a raid on insurgents sparked fighting that left 10 militants and three Afghan police officers dead.
    (AFP, 7/9/11)(AP, 7/10/11)

2011        Jul 10, In Afghanistan a spate of attacks across the country killed three NATO service members. Officials said that insurgents have killed six Afghan deminers from a group of 32 that was kidnapped last week in the country's southwest. Mohammad Dawood, the chief of Muqur district in Badghis province, was killed by a roadside bomb while driving to his office. In Kandahar a roadside bomb killed three police officers.
    (AP, 7/10/11)

2011        Jul 12, Ahmad Wali Karzai, the younger half-brother of Afghan President Hamid Karzai and one of the most powerful and controversial men in southern Afghanistan, was shot dead at his home by Sardar Mohammad, a senior and highly trusted bodyguard. A NATO soldier in the south was killed in a bomb attack.
    (AP, 7/12/11)(AFP, 7/13/11)
2011        Jul 12, President Nicolas Sarkozy said that France would withdraw a quarter of its 4,000 troops from Afghanistan by the end of next year.
    (AFP, 7/12/11)

2011        Jul 13, In Afghanistan 5 French soldiers were killed in a suicide bombing in the northeastern province of Kapisa. A NATO soldier in the south was killed in an insurgent attack.
    (AFP, 7/13/11)

2011        Jul 14, Afghan President Hamid Karzai ordered an investigation into provincial government claims that a NATO raid killed six civilians in Khost province. NATO said its troops killed insurgents linked to the Haqqani network during gunfights in the area and that only one civilian was wounded. A demonstration broke out after bodies of the dead were carried through Khost and the provincial council announced it was going on strike in protest over the deaths. A suicide bomber hiding explosives in his turban blew himself up inside a mosque during a memorial service for the slain half brother of President Karzai, killing at least 5 people. A French soldier was killed in a skirmish with insurgents in Kapisa province.
    (AFP, 7/14/11)(AP, 7/14/11)

2011        Jul 15, In western Afghanistan insurgents killed at least six Afghan soldiers in an ambush on an army patrol.
    (AP, 7/16/11)

2011        Jul 16, In southern Afghanistan a man wearing an Afghan army uniform killed a NATO soldier. A British soldier on a routine patrol was shot dead in southern Afghanistan, the 376th British serviceman to die there since 2001.
    (AFP, 7/16/11)(AFP, 7/17/11)

2011        Jul 17, Afghanistan began handing responsibility for security from NATO soldiers to its own troops, igniting a process designed to leave the country free of foreign combat forces by 2014. Afghan and NATO troops killed at least 13 Taliban fighters in Nangarhar province after an overnight gunbattle ended with an airstrike on a building occupied by the insurgents. Gunmen wearing suicide vests attacked the home of Jan Mohammed Khan, an adviser to President Karzai, killing him and Uruzgan lawmaker Mohammed Ashim Watanwal. One attacker was killed and the other blew himself up.
    (AFP, 7/17/11)(AP, 7/17/11)(AP, 7/18/11)(SFC, 7/18/11, p.A4)

2011        Jul 18, US General David Petraeus, Washington's new intelligence chief, handed over command of US and NATO-led troops in Afghanistan to US Marine Corps General John Allen. A British soldier was killed in an explosion in Helmand province. 7 Afghan policemen manning a checkpoint in Helmand province were fed poisonous food and shot dead. In a separate incident two civilians were kidnapped and killed by insurgents.
    (AP, 7/18/11)(AFP, 7/19/11)(AFP, 7/19/11)

2011        Jul 19, Mortar shells from Afghanistan killed four Pakistani soldiers, the latest cross-border escalation as Afghan Pres. Karzai and his Pakistani counterpart called for peace. NATO handed over responsibility for the security of Mehterlam, the capital of eastern Laghman province, to Afghan forces.
    (AFP, 7/19/11)(AP, 7/19/11)

2011        Jul 20, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber killed four people in Mazar-i-Sharif.
    (AFP, 7/23/11)

2011        Jul 21, Afghan security forces took over responsibility for the city of Herat, the country's western capital. 2 British nationals were reported detained in Herat as part of a counter-terrorism operation to stop a possible attack back home.
    (AFP, 7/21/11)

2011        Jul 22, In Afghanistan the NATO said int’l. and Afghan troops battled heavily armed insurgents holed up in caves and bunkers that served as a way station for foreign fighters crossing into the country from Pakistan. The two days of fighting in Paktika province killed more than 80 militants. An eight-year-old boy kidnapped by insurgents in southern Helmand province was hanged by the militants.
    (AP, 7/22/11)(AP, 7/24/11)(SSFC, 7/24/11, p.A5)

2011        Jul 23, In Afghanistan NATO troops handed control of the northern capital Mazar-i-Sharif to local forces. It was the sixth of seven areas to transition to Afghan control. A NATO helicopter attack wounded 5 children in Helmand province. On July 25 Britain took responsibility for the attack, voicing "deep regret" and saying an investigation was under way.
    (AFP, 7/23/11)(AFP, 7/25/11)

2011        Jul 24, In Afghanistan NATO forces battling insurgents along a highway in Wardak province accidentally killed three civilians who were caught in the crossfire.
    (AP, 7/24/11)

2011        Jul 27, In Afghanistan Kandahar Mayor Ghulam Haidar Hamidi (64), a close ally of Afghan President Hamid Karzai, was assassinated in a suicide attack.
    (AFP, 7/27/11)(Econ, 8/6/11, p.75)

2011        Jul 28, In Afghanistan triple suicide blasts and shootings killed 21 people including a local BBC reporter in an ongoing attack on Uruzgan province. It was the deadliest to hit Afghanistan in more than a month. On September 8 NATO acknowledged that Afghan journalist Ahmed Omed Khpulwak (25) was accidentally killed by an American soldier, who mistook him for a suicide bomber.
    (AFP, 7/28/11)(AP, 7/29/11)(SFC, 9/9/11, p.A2)

2011        Jul 29, In Afghanistan 18 civilians died when a roadside bomb destroyed their minivan in Helmand province. In a separate incident one person was killed and four others wounded when their tractor hit an improvised bomb in the Garmser district of Helmand. 4 policeman were also killed and another wounded in fighting with insurgents overnight in Helmand. Insurgents killed seven Afghan soldiers and a translator alongside two NATO service members in a bombing and ambush in eastern Paktia province. Police acting on tips in Kunar province intercepted six would-be suicide bombers who local residents said were on their way to conduct an attack in the provincial capital of Asadabad.
    (AP, 7/29/11)(AP, 7/30/11)

2011        Jul 30, The Afghan intelligence service said it has arrested army officer Gul Mohammad, a senior Defense Ministry official, who allegedly leaked secrets that helped the Taliban stage suicide attacks in Kabul. The agency also it has arrested Maulvi Rahimullah, a senior Taliban official accused of leading an insurgent propaganda campaign in eastern Afghanistan, and Maulvi Sabor, an insurgent who allegedly helped organize an April 1 attack. 10 Afghan security guards were killed in Ghazni in an attack on a convoy carrying supplies to international troops.
    (AP, 7/30/11)(AFP, 7/31/11)

2011        Jul 31, A top Afghan prosecutor said up to 40 people were allegedly involved in scams to bilk hundreds of millions of dollars from Kabul Bank, which nearly collapsed last year. Deputy Attorney General Rahmatullah Nazari said that nearly half the cases will be referred to Afghan courts next week.
    (AP, 7/31/11)(AFP, 7/31/11)
2011        Jul 31, In Afghanistan 12 policemen and a child were killed when a suicide car bomber struck outside police headquarters in the southern city of Lashkar Gah. 3 foreign troops died “as a result of a non-battle related injury" in the west. Another ISAF soldier died after an insurgent attack in the south. A NATO airstrike in the Wama district of Nuristan province, near the border with Pakistan, killed four Afghan police officers at a checkpoint. Coalition forces detained 12 police officers following the airstrike.
    (AFP, 7/31/11)(AP, 8/1/11)

2011        Aug 2, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber blew up his car outside a compound frequented by foreigners just after dawn, killing four guards, as two other militants stormed the building in Kunduz city and engaged the Afghan police in a two-hour gunbattle. The building was used by two security companies, at least one of whom provides security for GIZ, a German development and assistance organization that contracts mostly with the German government.
    (AP, 8/2/11)

2011        Aug 3, In Afghanistan 3 members of the US-led military coalition were killed. Two died in a roadside bombing in southern Afghanistan where foreign forces are trying to hold the ground they seized from Taliban insurgents in major offensives over the past year. The third soldier died in a noncombat-related incident in east Afghanistan.
    (AP, 8/4/11)

2011        Aug 4, In Afghanistan a man in an Afghan police uniform shot dead a NATO service member in the east of the country, the 2nd such killing in less than a month. Another NATO service member died following an insurgent attack in eastern Afghanistan. An employee with the Afghan national intelligence service was killed when his vehicle hit a roadside bomb just outside Kunduz city. 3 children were wounded in the blast and one died on the way to hospital.
    (AP, 8/4/11)

2011        Aug 5, In southern Afghanistan insurgents opened fire on police at an anti-NATO rally in Qalat, Zabul province, sparking a gunbattle that killed three civilians and a police officer. The townspeople were protesting an overnight NATO operation that killed 3 suspected insurgents, including a local Taliban commander. NATO said insurgents killed 2 alliance service members. In the east a CH-47 military helicopter crashed killing 30 US special operation troops, an interpreter and 7 Afghan commandos. The Taliban claimed they downed the helicopter with rocket fire while it was taking part in a raid on a house where insurgents were gathered in Wardak province. In southern Helmand province NATO troops attacked a house and inadvertently killed eight members of a family, including women and children. A British coalition service member was killed in the south.
    (AP, 8/5/11)(AFP, 8/5/11)(AP, 8/6/11)

2011        Aug 6, In southern Afghanistan a coalition service member was killed.
    (AP, 8/6/11)

2011        Aug 7, In Afghanistan two French Foreign Legion soldiers and five others were injured in a clash with insurgents in the northeastern Tagab valley. They were among four NATO troops killed in two separate insurgent attacks.
    (AFP, 8/7/11)(AP, 8/7/11)

2011        Aug 8,  In Afghanistan coalition forces in a midnight bombing raid killed the Taliban insurgents responsible for the Aug 5 attack on a US helicopter. The F-16 strike killed the "shooter" as well as a Taliban militant, Mullah Mohibullah.
    (AFP, 8/10/11)

2011        Aug 9, Around 200 Afghans burned tires and blocked key roads near the presidential palace in angry protests after at least three people were killed over a land dispute. Members of the Kuchi nomadic tribe had clashed with guards working for a housing project linked to the family of lawmaker Qais Hasan. NATO troops reportedly killed four Afghan policemen by accident in Kandahar province.
    (AFP, 8/9/11)(AP, 8/10/11)

2011        Aug 10, Afghanistan's Pres. Karzai issued a decree stating that the country's courts do not have the power to alter election results, appearing to bow to pressure to resolve an impasse over the parliament's legitimacy that threatened to create a constitutional crisis. Karzai handed authority for resolving a lingering dispute over last year's fraud-hit Afghan parliamentary elections to the Independent Election Commission (IEC).
    (AP, 8/10/11)(AFP, 8/10/11)

2011        Aug 11, In southern Afghanistan 5 NATO soldiers were killed by a bomb. Another NATO service member died in an insurgent attack in the south. The Taliban rejected a US claim to have killed the fighters who shot down an American helicopter killing 38 troops. 5 Afghan police were killed in an overnight clash with the Taliban in Helmand province. 2 Afghan soldiers, abducted a day earlier, were found dead in Logar province. A French soldier was killed when a roadside bomb exploded on a convoy in Kapisa province.
    (AFP, 8/11/11)(AP, 8/12/11)

2011        Aug 12, In southern Afghanistan 2 NATO service members were killed in separate roadside bombings. Afghan security forces recovered the bodies of five policemen and three intelligence agents who were kidnapped by insurgents a day earlier in Wardak province.
    (AP, 8/12/11)(AP, 8/13/11)

2011        Aug 13, In Afghanistan a minivan struck a roadside bomb in the Gereshk district of Helmand province, killing five civilians. 2 policemen and 4 insurgents were reported killed in shootout in Herat province.
    (AP, 8/13/11)

2011        Aug 14, In eastern Afghanistan a team of six suicide bombers, some wearing explosive vests, stormed a provincial governor's compound, killing 22 people in the Parwan provincial capital of Charikar. 3 of the attackers were killed as they approached the governor's house. 16 of the dead were civilian Afghan government employees and 6 were policemen. A French soldier was killed by isolated fire during an operation in the northeast province of Kapisa.
    (AP, 8/14/11)

2011        Aug 15, In eastern Afghanistan insurgents attacked a district government center, sparking a gunbattle that lasted for hours and left a police officer and four militants dead in the Qarabagh district of Ghazni province. Militants attacked a fuel tanker depot outside the main international military base in Kandahar city, killing four security guards.
    (AP, 8/15/11)(AP, 8/16/11)
2011        Aug 15, The US Defense Department announced that it had selected 20 separate contractors for the new National Afghan Trucking Services contract potentially worth $983.5 million to replace Host Nation Trucking. Officials said the new arrangement will reduce the reliance on subcontractors and diminish the risk of money being lost.
    (AP, 8/17/11)

2011        Aug 16, In Afghanistan a gunman riding a motorcycle killed Rabia Sadat, a woman who works for the Afghan government, in a drive-by shooting outside of her home in Kandahar. A bomb planted on a motorcycle exploded at a market in Uruzgan province killing 8 people.
    (AP, 8/16/11)(SFC, 8/17/11, p.A2)

2011        Aug 18, In western Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed at least 21 passengers traveling on a minibus. In the east a suicide car bomber attacked a coalition base, killing two Afghan security guards.
    (AP, 8/18/11)

2011        Aug 19, In Afghanistan at least 4 suicide attackers stormed a British compound in Kabul, killing 9 people in a series of explosions and a more than eight-hour gunfight on the anniversary of the country's 1919 independence from Britain. Two of the bombers were killed by police; the other two detonated their explosives. Two Germans citizens went missing at the south end of the Salang Pass, north of Kabul. On Sep 5 a rescue team reached their bodies in Parwan province and the two men had bullet wounds in their chests.
    (AP, 8/19/11)(AFP, 8/20/11)(AP, 8/23/11)(AP, 9/5/11)

2011        Aug 20, In southern Afghanistan a passenger bus careened off a road, killing 35 people. A string of insurgent attacks across the country killed five people. Insurgents in Kunar province stoned, hanged and shot two Afghan national Army soldiers returning from leave.
    (AP, 8/20/11)(SFC, 8/23/11, p.A3)

2011        Aug 21, Afghan election officials said that nine parliamentarians should be removed from their posts because of election fraud allegations, an attempt to put an end to a nearly yearlong state of limbo in the legislature. 3 government officials were gunned down, 2 in Helmand province and one in Kandahar city. A district education director and two tribal leaders were shot and killed by Taliban militants in Paktika province's Omany district. Two Afghan civilians were killed in Paktika’s Yahyakhail district when their motorbike hit a roadside bomb. Villagers in Helmand province stoned to death a Taliban commander and his bodyguard after they killed a local man (60) accused of aiding the government.
    (AP, 8/21/11)(SFC, 8/23/11, p.A3)

2011        Aug 22, In southern Afghanistan a bomb hidden in a scrap metal shop blew up in a market, killing two civilians in Helmand province. An Australian soldier was killed by an improvised explosive device while on patrol in Uruzgan province with members of the Afghan National Army.
    (AP, 8/22/11)

2011        Aug 23, In Afghanistan two gunmen on a motorcycle fired at a member of the Nawa district council in Lashkar Gah, the provincial capital of Helmand province. The councilman was rushed to a hospital but died of his wounds. 2 Afghan policemen died when their vehicle hit a roadside mine in Chimtal district of Balkh province.
    (AP, 8/24/11)

2011        Aug 24, In southern Afghanistan a NATO service member was killed in an insurgent attack. Four rockets fell in Zurmat district of Paktia province. One rocket hit a vegetable market and killed three civilians and wounded eight others.
    (AP, 8/24/11)

2011        Aug 25, In Afghanistan a coalition service member was killed in an insurgent attack, raising to four the number of foreign troops killed. The US-led coalition said the three other troopers were killed in two separate roadside bomb explosions.
    (AP, 8/26/11)

2011        Aug 26, In northwest Afghanistan a bomb exploded at an outdoor mosque, killing four worshippers in Faryab province. In western Herat a bomb placed on a small cart exploded, killing an Afghan woman and wounding seven other civilians. A NATO airstrike reportedly killed six civilians, including four women, in Logar province.
    (AP, 8/26/11)(AP, 8/27/11)

2011        Aug 27, In Afghanistan a car bomb exploded outside a bank in Lashkar Gah, Helmand province, killing four people, including 3 children. Less than three hours later, two explosions hit Kandahar. The first blast, a car bomb outside the city's main hospital, wounded seven people. Soon after, a suicide car bomber blew up his vehicle near a police compound, killing 3 civilians and wounding more than 20 people. A NATO service member was killed in a roadside bombing in the south.
    (AP, 8/27/11)(AFP, 8/27/11)
2011        Aug 27, In Pakistan some 200 to 300 "terrorists" based in Afghanistan attacked seven paramilitary Frontier Corps checkposts in the northwestern district of Chitral. 25 Pakistani troops were killed in the cross-border raid.
    (AFP, 8/27/11)

2011        Aug 28, In southern Afghanistan 4 Taliban suicide attackers struck at a US-led NATO reconstruction team in Qalat, Zabul province. One suicide attacker was arrested with a rocket launcher and AK-47, another suicide attacker was arrested wounded, a third one ran away. A government health worker and his driver were killed in a roadside bomb blast in the north. Two NATO service members were killed, one in an insurgent attack and the other in a bomb blast.
    (AFP, 8/28/11)(AP, 8/28/11)

2011        Aug, Afghan Pres. Karzai pardoned two dozen boys who had been caught trying to carry out suicide attacks. In 2012 two of the boys (10) were rearrested for again attempting to carry out bombings.
    (SFC, 2/14/12, p.A3)

2011        Sep 1, Pakistani Taliban in Afghanistan kidnapped more than 30 Pakistani boys who had mistakenly crossed the unmarked border from the country's lawless northwest. Gunmen killed 7 Shiite Muslims in the Kurram tribal region. Two people died in a suicide car bomb attack on a police station.
    (AFP, 9/2/11)(SFC, 9/2/11, p.A2)

2011        Sep 2, Afghan and NATO forces killed Saber Lal Melma, a former Guantanamo detainee. He had returned to Afghanistan after being released in 2007 to become a key al-Qaida ally.
    (AP, 9/3/11)

2011        Sep 3, In Afghanistan officials said NATO forces killed a child and a shopkeeper who were caught up in a firefight between a military patrol and a gunman in Kandahar. NATO said that one of its service members was killed in an insurgent attack in the south but did not say if it was the same incident. , Afghan and NATO troops assaulted the house of former Guantanamo inmate Sabar Lal Melma in Jalalabad. Malma was shot dead by soldiers after he confronted them with an AK-47. 3 visiting Afghan men were arrested.
    (AP, 9/3/11)(AP, 9/10/11)

2011        Sep 4, In Afghanistan a suicide car bomber killed three Afghan private security guards and wounded another 20 in Kandahar city.
    (AP, 9/5/11)

2011        Sep 5, In Afghanistan 5 civilians were killed when a roadside bomb exploded next to their vehicle in western Faryab province. An American civilian employee was killed in Kabul province.
    (AP, 9/5/11)(AP, 9/6/11)

2011        Sep 6, In Afghanistan a district government head and three of his bodyguards were killed in a roadside bomb blast in Nangarhar province.
    (AP, 9/6/11)

2011        Sep 7, The Afghan government charged that a NATO decision to stop transferring detainees to some Afghan-run detention centers is unjustified and damages the handover of security to local forces. A French paratrooper was killed by insurgent fire during an operation in the eastern province of Kapisa. A roadside bomb in eastern Khost province killed five Afghan soldiers. A Turkish engineer was killed by a roadside bomb in Herat province.
    (AP, 9/7/11)(AP, 9/8/11)

2011        Sep 8, In southern Afghanistan 2 NATO service members were killed by roadside bombs. A suicide bomber in a car packed with explosives had attacked security forces in the Sangin district center, next to the Marine battalion headquarters. Three Afghan police and four civilians were killed.
    (AP, 9/8/11)(AP, 9/9/11)

2011        Sep 10, In eastern Afghanistan 77 American soldiers were wounded and five Afghans civilians were killed in a Taliban suicide truck bombing targeting  Combat Outpost Sayed Abad in Wardak province.
    (AP, 9/11/11)

2011        Sep 12, Human Rights Watch (HRW) published a report saying the Afghan police force, funded and supported by the United States, is getting away with serious abuses including rape and murder.
    (AFP, 9/12/11)

2011        Sep 13, In Afghanistan Taliban gunmen with suicide bombs and heavy weaponry launched coordinated attacks in Kabul targeting NATO's headquarters and the US embassy, killing at least six people.
    (AFP, 9/13/11)

2011        Sep 14, In Afghanistan a 20-hour insurgent assault in Kabul ended leaving 27 dead, including police, civilians and insurgents. The Insurgents had fired rockets into the US Embassy compound from a nearby unfinished high-rise where they may have stored heavy weapons ahead of time. 4 other attackers served as suicide bombers in coordinated attacks in several areas of Kabul. 3 of them were killed by police before they could detonate their explosives.
    (AP, 9/14/11)

2011        Sep 16, In northwest Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed nine civilians, including five children, as they were herding cattle.
    (AP, 9/17/11)

2011        Sep 17, In Afghanistan one NATO service member died following an insurgent attack.
    (AP, 9/18/11)

2011        Sep 18, In Afghanistan 2 NATO service members were killed by bombs.
    (AP, 9/18/11)

2011        Sep 19, In Afghanistan a NATO service member died as a result of an attack.
    (AP, 9/19/11)

2011        Sep 20, In Afghanistan a Taliban suicide bomber in Kabul, with concealed explosives in a turban, assassinated former Afghan president Burhanuddin Rabbani (1992-1996), who was leading government peace efforts. In Feb, 2012, Pakistan arrested two people in connection with the assassination.
    (AFP, 9/20/11)(AP, 2/10/12)

2011        Sep 23, Former US Army soldier Andrew Holmes (21) was sentenced to 7 years in prison for the 2010 murder of a teenage villager in southern Afghanistan. He pleaded guilty to participating with other soldiers in the thrill killing of Afghan civilians. 5 Joint Base Lewis-McChord soldiers were accused of taking part in the murder of three Afghans.
    (SFC, 9/24/11, p.A4)(http://tinyurl.com/3cw8y5u)

2011        Sep 24, In Afghanistan an insurgent attack killed one NATO service member. 4 Afghans were wounded in suicide bombings in the east and north. A German tourist was shot dead and two Afghan companions were injured when they were attacked by armed men while traveling in Ghor province.
    (AP, 9/24/11)(AFP, 9/24/11)

2011        Sep 25, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber on a motorbike has detonated his explosives outside a local police headquarters, killing four people in Yahya Khel district, Paktika province. Police officers shot dead two men wearing explosives vests, foiling a planned suicide attack on a government building in Zabul province. The Ministry of Interior said more than 340 rockets have been fired in the past week from Pakistan into two east Afghan provinces. An Afghan employed by the US government killed one American and wounded another in an attack on a CIA office in Kabul. The assailant was killed.
    (AP, 9/25/11)(AP, 9/26/11)(SFC, 9/27/11, p.A2)

2011        Sep 27, In western Afghanistan 16 wedding guests, including 11 children, were killed when a bus hit a roadside bomb in Herat province. 5 people were killed in a suicide car bombing near the police headquarters in Lashkar Gah, southern Helmand province. Police claimed pro-government forces killed 25 Taliban insurgents who attacked a logistics convoy in Ghazni province. NATO captured Haji Mali Khan, a senior Haqqani leader inside Afghanistan along with other insurgents. Khan’s arrest was later described as a "significant milestone" in disrupting the terror group's operations.
    (AFP, 9/27/11)(AFP, 9/28/11)(AP, 10/1/11)

2011        Sep 28, In southern Afghanistan gunmen killed 8 policemen at checkpoint in Helmand province. In Uruzgan province a district police chief was killed and three of his bodyguards were injured when their vehicle struck a roadside bomb. The UN said the average number of armed clashes, roadside bombings and other violence in the country each month is running 39% higher in 2011 compared to last year. NATO said Afghan and US-led coalition troops destroyed drugs worth more than $350 million and 3 drug laboratories in what is believed to be Afghanistan's largest drug seizure this past decade. A New Zealand special forces soldier was shot in the head and killed during a gunbattle with suspected insurgents in Kabul. 3 foreign soldiers were killed by an improvised explosive device (IED) in the east, and another 3 died in another IED attack in the south, along with two others in separate incidents.
    (AP, 9/28/11)(AFP, 9/28/11)(AFP, 9/29/11)

2011        Sep 29, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed three NATO service members, while a bomb targeting Afghan policewomen killed three people in Herat.
    (AFP, 9/29/11)

2011        Sep 30, Afghan President Hamid Karzai said in a videotaped speech that attempts to negotiate with the Taliban insurgent movement are futile and efforts at dialogue should focus instead on Pakistan.
    (AP, 10/1/11)

2011        Oct 1, Afghanistan's intelligence service said it has given Pakistan hard evidence that Rabbani's Sep 20 assassination was planned in the southern outskirts of Quetta where key Taliban leaders are based. 7 Afghan soldiers were killed when their vehicle hit a roadside bomb in eastern Paktia province. One NATO service member died in a bomb attack in the south.
    (AP, 10/1/11)(AP, 10/2/11)

2011        Oct 2, The Afghan government urged neighboring Pakistan to take concrete steps to help end the Taliban insurgency and use its influence to bring the militants to direct peace talks.
    (AP, 10/2/11)

2011        Oct 3, In Afghanistan 2 suicide bombers in separate attacks struck Kandahar city, killing three people. US Pvt. Danny Chen (19) was found in a guard tower at Combat Outpost Palace with what the Army described as "an apparent self-inflicted gunshot wound." In December 8 soldiers from Chen's company faced charges relating his death, including dereliction of duty, assault, negligent homicide and involuntary manslaughter. In 2012 a court-martial found Army Sgt. Adam Holcomb guilty of maltreatment and assault of Chen. On Aug 13 Spec. Ryan Offutt pleaded guilty to hazing and mistreatment and was sentenced to 6 months in prison.
    (AFP, 10/3/11)(AP, 12/21/11)(SFC, 7/31/12, p.A7)(SFC, 8/14/12, p.A4)

2011        Oct 4, Afghan President Hamid Karzai met with PM Manmohan Singh in New Delhi. They agreed to enhance their strategic partnership with India training Afghan security forces.
    (AP, 10/4/11)(SSFC, 10/9/11, p.A4)

2011        Oct 5, The Afghan intelligence service said 6 people, including a palace guard, have been arrested after an alleged Al-Qaeda plot to assassinate Afghan President Hamid Karzai was foiled. The men were arrested a week ago and were said to have carried out training for the attack last month.
    (AFP, 10/5/11)(AP, 10/8/11)

2011        Oct 6, Some 300 Afghan men and women marched through Kabul, the eve of the 10-year anniversary of the U.S. military campaign in Afghanistan, to condemn the United States as occupiers and demand the immediate withdrawal of all foreign troops. A NATO service member died, but NATO did not disclose any other details.
    (Reuters, 10/6/11)(AP, 10/7/11)

2011        Oct 7, Afghan Pres. Hamid Karzai admitted his government and NATO had failed to provide security to Afghans, as Afghanistan marked the 10th anniversary of a war that has cost thousands of lives and hundreds of billions of dollars. Karzai claimed the Taliban are being propped up by Pakistan, saying the militants can't lift a finger without the Pakistanis. A suicide bomber and rocket fire struck 3 US-run outposts near the Pakistani border.
    (AFP, 10/7/11)(AP, 10/7/11)(SFC, 10/8/11, p.A4)

2011        Oct 9, In Afghanistan ousted parliamentarian Simeen Barakzai began her eighth day of  a hunger strike. Through chapped lips and in a rough voice, she said she would not drink or eat anything until President Hamid Karzai opened an investigation into vote fraud by the woman who has taken over her seat in Herat province.
    (AP, 10/9/11)

2011        Oct 10, In eastern Afghanistan 6 civilians died in twin explosions in the Dangam district of Kunar province. NATO said one of its service members died in the south.
    (AFP, 10/10/11)(AP, 10/10/11)
2011        Oct 10, The UN issued a 74-page report that found that detainees in 47 facilities in 24 provinces run by the Afghan National Police and the Directorate of Security suffered interrogation techniques that constituted torture under both international and Afghan law.
    (AP, 10/10/11)

2011        Oct 13, Afghan police took ousted parliamentarian Simeen Barakzai (30) to hospital by ambulance and dismantled the tent where she had observed a 12-day hunger strike to protest against being disqualified from parliament.
    (AFP, 10/14/11)

2011        Oct 14, In southern Afghanistan a suicide attacker blew up an explosives-packed car while it was being inspected at a border police checkpoint that had been set up because of a warning of an imminent attack. 3 officers and one civilian were killed. NATO and Afghan forces killed 13 insurgents in an overnight operation targeting local Taliban leaders. One police officer was killed in the operation. 3 NATO service members were killed in separate attacks. Violence left at least 30 dead across Afghanistan.
    (AP, 10/14/11)(AP, 10/15/11)

2011        Oct 15, In eastern Afghanistan militants tried to blast their way into an American base, striking before dawn with rocket-propelled grenades and a car bomb. All four attackers were killed as well as two truck drivers parked nearby. This was the first suicide attack of the war in the province of Panjshir. In the west 5 Afghan soldiers were killed and three others wounded in a Taliban ambush.
    (AP, 10/15/11)(AFP, 10/17/11)(AFP, 10/26/11)
2011        Oct 15, Egypt's Gamaa Islamiya, or Islamic Group, posted on its website a notice mourning the death in Afghanistan of Ahmed Abdel Rahman, the son of the "Blind Sheik" now serving a life sentence in the US for his involvement in a plot to blow up NYC landmarks.
    (AP, 10/15/11)

2011        Oct 16, Afghan police shot dead three suicide bombers attempting to target mayoral offices in Gardez. A car bomb set up for the attack blew up, killing one worker.
    (AFP, 10/16/11)

2011        Oct 17, In northern Afghanistan a suicide bomber targeted a car carrying Sayed Ahmad Sadat the chief of National Directorate of Security (NDS) for Faryab province, wounding six intelligence officials and killing a child. Sadat died of his injuries on Oct 26.
    (AFP, 10/17/11)(AP, 10/26/11)

2011        Oct 19, US Marine Gen. John Allen, the top NATO commander in Afghanistan, said the international coalition has unleashed a new offensive against the Haqqani group, one of the country's most lethal militant networks, and will ramp up operations next year along the Pakistan border to better secure the Afghan capital before the US drawdown gathers steam.
    (AP, 10/19/11)
2011        Oct 19, In Afghanistan ousted lawmaker Simeen Barakzai ended her hunger strike after 18 days and a direct appeal by Subghatullah Mujaddedi, a revered elder who also served as the head of the upper house of parliament and briefly as president in 1992. A roadside bomb killed two NATO service members in the east. 5 Afghan soldiers and an officer were killed by a roadside bomb in Herat province. The first 200 French soldiers left Afghanistan, kickstarting troop withdrawals announced three months ago by Paris.
    (AP, 10/19/11)(AFP, 10/19/11)

2011        Oct 22, Afghan President Hamid Karzai, in an aired interview with private Pakistani television station GEO, said that if the United States and Pakistan ever went to war, his country would back Islamabad.
    (AP, 10/23/11)

2011        Oct 23, In Afghanistan bodyguards for Interior Minister Bismullah Khan Mohammadi shot and killed a would-be suicide bomber who was waiting for the minister's convoy in Sayyed Khel district of Parwan province. NATO said two of its service members were killed in the last 24 hours in separate clashes with insurgents in the south and east of the country. 5 villagers were killed while trying to remove a roadside mine planted by the Taliban in the western province of Herat.
    (AP, 10/23/11)

2011        Oct 24, Hundreds of Afghans took to the streets in Kabul, shouting "death to America" in an angry protest urging the government not to sign a strategic partnership with the US. The US coalition said tens of thousands of Afghan and NATO troops killed or captured 200 insurgents in eastern Afghanistan during two operations targeting the Haqqani network.
    (AFP, 10/24/11)(SFC, 10/25/11, p.A2)

2011        Oct 25, In Afghanistan a bomb hidden inside a fuel truck in Parwan province exploded, killing at least five people. Local residents claimed more than 10 people were killed.
    (AP, 10/26/11)

2011        Oct 26, In Afghanistan at least 10 people were killed and two dozen wounded when a fuel truck supplying the Bagram NATO base erupted in flames after being bombed in Parwan province. In eastern Afghanistan a NATO service member died in an insurgent attack, raising the number killed so far this year to 479.
    (AFP, 10/26/11)(AP, 10/26/11)

2011        Oct 27, In Afghanistan insurgents attacked a US-run civilian and military base with rocket-propelled grenades and guns in a brazen early afternoon assault in Kandahar city. Two attackers were killed. Earlier in the day, a 13-year-old girl died from injuries sustained after her family's home was struck by an insurgent's missile in Kandahar province's Zhari district. A suicide attacker in a car struck a NATO convoy. At least one civilian was killed in the blast in Kandahar’s Panjwai district. An Afghan policeman was killed when his vehicle hit a roadside bomb in Farah province.
    (AP, 10/27/11)

2011        Oct 28, In eastern Afghanistan insurgents attacked a convoy of Afghan and international troops, starting a firefight that left about 30 militants dead in Nangarhar province. In the south a NATO service member was killed in a roadside bombing in Kandahar province. A civilian car struck a roadside bomb in Nangarhar province's Khogyani district, killing two men, a woman and a child.
    (AP, 10/28/11)

2011        Oct 29, In Afghanistan a Taliban car bomber struck a NATO military convoy in the Kabul, killing at least 17 people, including 5 NATO troops, one Canadian and 8 civilians. 3 Australian army trainers were killed when an Afghan soldier in Uruzgan province turned his gun on them. In the eastern city of Asadabad in Kunar province, a female suicide bomber blew herself up outside a local branch of Afghanistan's spy agency, wounding two guards.
    (AFP, 10/29/11)(AFP, 10/30/11)(AP, 10/31/11)

2011        Oct 31, In Afghanistan insurgents driving a suicide truck bomb and attacking on foot killed five people, including three UN employees, near the offices of the UN's refugee agency in the Kandahar city. Afghan forces and the militants exchanged fire for nearly seven hours before the militants were killed.
    (AP, 10/31/11)

2011        Nov 1, Turkey hosted the presidents of Afghanistan and Pakistan for a trilateral summit designed to reduce tensions and promote cooperation between the two neighbors amid stepped-up Taliban attacks.
    (AFP, 11/1/11)

2011        Nov 2, NATO said it is pouring extra resources to set up an Afghan force to take over from private security firms after a report showed the Afghans are unlikely to be ready for the planned disbanding of private security companies in March.
    (AP, 11/2/11)
2011        Nov 2, In Turkey regional leaders pledged to find ways to improve security and economic development in Afghanistan as international combat forces prepared to leave by the end of 2014. Afghan President Hamid Karzai and his Pakistani counterpart, Asif Ali Zardari, discussed a joint inquiry into the Sept. 20 killing by a suicide bomber of Burhanuddin Rabbani, a former Afghan president and peace council leader.
    (AP, 11/2/11)

2011        Nov 3, Two Afghan guards were killed when suicide bombers and attackers besieged the offices of a logistics firm working with NATO forces outside Herat city. 5 insurgents died in the attack.
    (AFP, 11/3/11)(SFC, 11/4/11, p.A4)

2011        Nov 4, NATO said US Major General Peter Fuller, deputy commander of NATO's mission to train and equip Afghan forces, has been dismissed after making "inappropriate public comments." He had accused leaders including President Hamid Karzai of being out of touch and ungrateful for American support.
    (AFP, 11/4/11)

2011        Nov 6, Afghan Pres. Karzai met with Australian PM Julia Gillard, who made an unannounced trip to the country. In the north 2 suicide bombers targeted worshippers on a key Muslim festival, killing seven, including two local police commanders of Old Baghlan City. A roadside bomb ripped through a police vehicle in the south, killing a district police chief and two of his bodyguards.
    (AP, 11/6/11)(AFP, 11/7/11)

2011        Nov 7, In Afghanistan six police officers were wounded when a suicide car bomber blew himself up when targeting the house of a local elder involved in efforts to make peace with the Taliban in Baghlan province. A roadside bomb killed 11 people mainly from one family in Badghis province.
    (AFP, 11/7/11)(AFP, 11/8/11)

2011        Nov 8, In eastern Afghanistan up to 70 Taliban fighters were killed after trying to attack a foreign troop base in Paktika province. Mohammad Akbar, the governor of Sar Hawza district in Paktika, died in hospital after his car struck a roadside bomb in the province. A rogue Afghan soldier shot and wounded 3 Australian troops at a joint base at Charmistan, Uruzgan province. In February, 2012, a Taliban video had Mohammed Roozi talking about how he attacked Australian and Afghan soldiers at Patrol Base Nasir, saying he turned a machine gun and rocket launcher on them before going into hiding.
    (AFP, 11/9/11)(AFP, 2/10/12)

2011        Nov 10, In eastern Afghanistan 3 Afghan policemen were killed and 3 US troops injured when a team of Taliban suicide attackers stormed a government office in Paktia province. 4 attackers were reported killed. 2 civilians were killed when a car bomb targeting an ISAF military convoy detonated in Lashkar Gah, Helmand province.
    (AFP, 11/10/11)

2011        Nov 11, In Afghanistan a mother and daughter were killed in their home in Ghazni city by armed men who apparently accused them of "immoral activities." Afghan police arrested two men in connection with the case. A NATO soldier was killed in an insurgent attack in the south.
    (AFP, 11/11/11)

2011        Nov 14, In Afghanistan a suspected suicide bomber carrying a bag of explosives was shot dead in Kabul near the site of a major meeting of Afghan elders set to discuss relations with the US.
    (AFP, 11/14/11)

2011        Nov 15, Afghanistan got a new, 3-year, $133.6 million line of credit from the International Monetary Fund, which said the struggling government had taken steps to address governance and accountability issues that surfaced during the Kabul Bank crisis. A bomb strapped to a donkey blew up in northern Faryab province, killing a policeman and 2 civilians, including a child. 17 other people were wounded.
    (AP, 11/15/11)(AP, 11/16/11)

2011        Nov 16, Afghan Pres. Karzai, at the opening of a grand council, or "loya jirga," told tribal elders that any ongoing partnership with the United States would need to include an end to widely unpopular nighttime raids by NATO and on the international forces handing over control of detention centers to Afghan troops. NATO said that three of its service members were killed in attacks in the south.
    (AP, 11/16/11)

2011        Nov 18, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb exploded near a playground, killing four children and wounding six. A group of aid agencies warned that more than 2 million people are facing food shortages in northern Afghanistan after a drought and the situation could get even worse if winter snows cut off access to remote regions. A roadside bomb killed a member of the NATO-led military force in the south.
    (AP, 11/18/11)

2011        Nov 19, A traditional Afghan national assembly endorsed President Hamid Karzai's decision to negotiate a long-term security pact with the US but imposed some conditions, including an end to unpopular night raids by military forces searching for insurgents.
    (AP, 11/19/11)

2011        Nov 20, In eastern Afghanistan over 1,000 university students blocked a main highway Jalalabad city to protest any agreement that would allow US troops to remain in the country after a planned transfer of authority in 2014. The Interior Ministry said Afghan and international forces killed 16 insurgents in fighting over the past three days in Nuristan province.
    (AP, 11/20/11)

2011        Nov 22, A British soldier was reported killed by an explosion in Afghanistan while on patrol in Central Helmand province.
    (AFP, 11/22/11)
2011        Nov 22, The European Commission announced that it will send additional aid to Afghanistan to help drought victims in need of food for themselves and their animals before winter snows block roads. That brings the total commission response to the Afghan drought to euro4.5 million, or about $6.1 million.
    (AP, 11/22/11)

2011        Nov 24, Pres. Karzai accused NATO-led international forces of killing 7 civilians, most of them children, in an air strike in the southern province of Kandahar. At least 10 Afghan security guards were killed when Taliban militants ambushed a logistics convoy destined for NATO forces in Farah province. Pres. Karzai nominated Noorullah Delawari to head the central bank.
    (AP, 11/24/11)(AFP, 11/24/11)

2011        Nov 26, Afghan MPs approved Noorullah Delawari, a US-educated banker, as governor of the troubled central bank. MPs also granted a trust vote to Rahmatullah Nabeel, President Karzai's candidate to head Afghanistan's intelligence agency (NDS). Karzai approved a second list of areas, home to half the nation's population, where Afghan forces will soon start taking the lead from foreign troops.
    (AFP, 11/26/11)(AP, 11/27/11)
2011        Nov 26, Pakistan accused NATO helicopters and fighter jets of firing on two army checkpoints in the country's northwest and killing 24 soldiers. Afghan troops, who came under fire while operating near the Pakistan border, called in the NATO airstrikes. Islamabad retaliated by closing the border crossings used by the international coalition to supply its troops in neighboring Afghanistan.
    (AP, 11/26/11)(AP, 11/27/11)

2011        Nov 27, In Afghanistan NATO said two of its service members have been killed, one in combat operations in the east and the other by a roadside bomb in the south.
    (AP, 11/27/11)

2011        Nov 29, Pakistan decided to boycott a key international conference on Afghanistan next month in Bonn, widening its protest over lethal cross-border NATO strikes and exacerbating a deep crisis in US ties. Islamabad communicated with the alliance to prevent an exchange of artillery fire from turning into another international incident.
    (AFP, 11/29/11)(AP, 11/30/11)

2011        Nov 30, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed a NATO service member.
    (AP, 11/30/11)

2011        Dec 1, Afghan Pres. Karzai pardoned an Afghan woman (19) serving a 12-year sentence for having sex out of wedlock after she was raped by a relative. Karzai said she had agreed to marry her attacker. She had a child while in prison and had previously refused a judge’s offer of freedom in exchange for marrying the rapist.
    (SFC, 12/2/11, p.A5)
2011        Dec 1, A second wave of Afghanistan's transition from NATO to local control officially started as international forces handed over most of a peaceful province. All but two districts of Parwan province, north of the capital Kabul, were being handed to Afghan control.
    (AFP, 12/1/11)
2011        Dec 1, Berlin-based Transparency International (TI) said corruption is hampering efforts to tackle the eurozone debt crisis, as Greece (80) and Italy (69) scored badly in a list of nations seen to be the most sleaze-ridden. Nepal ranked 154th out of 183 countries. New Zealand ranked the cleanest, while the US ranked 24th. Afghanistan ranked 180.
    (AFP, 12/1/11)(cpi.transparency.org/cpi2011/results/)(AFP, 12/11/11)

2011        Dec 2, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide bomber blew up a truck full of explosives outside a joint Afghan-NATO combat outpost, killing one Afghan civilian and wounding dozens of other people in Logar province.
    (AP, 12/2/11)

2011        Dec 3, In eastern Afghanistan 3 troops from the NATO-led International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) were killed by a roadside bomb.
    (AFP, 12/3/11)

2011        Dec 5, In southern Afghanistan a minibus full of civilians struck a roadside bomb, setting off an explosion that killed five passengers in Uruzgan province. Militants abducted 11 Afghan policemen during an ambush in Wardooj district of Badakhshan province. Two policemen were killed and four others wounded during the kidnapping. The 11 policemen were freed on Dec 16 and some two dozen suspected insurgents were arrested.
    (AP, 12/5/11)(AP, 12/17/11)
2011        Dec 5, In Bonn, Germany, a global conference on Afghanistan's future opened. It was overshadowed by the absence of key regional player Pakistan. The US and other nations vowed to keep supporting Afghanistan after most foreign forces leave the country in 2014.
    (AP, 12/5/11)

2011        Dec 6, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber struck a crowd of Shiite worshippers at a mosque in Kabul, killing at least 56 people in the deadliest of two attacks on a Shiite holy day. 4 other Shiites were killed in the northern city of Mazar-i-Sharif when a bomb strapped to a bicycle exploded as a convoy of Afghan Shiites was driving down the road. The Taliban strongly condemned the two attacks. Lashkar-e-Jhangvi, a Pakistan-based group, claimed responsibility for the bombing. The death toll in the attacks was soon raised to at least 80. On June 19, 2012, authorities in Kabul announced that two men have been charged in connection with the suicide bombing.
    (AP, 12/6/11)(AP, 12/7/11)(AP, 12/11/11)(AP, 6/19/12)

2011        Dec 7, In southern Afghanistan a minibus struck a roadside bomb, triggering an explosion that killed 19 Afghan civilians in Helmand province.
    (AP, 12/7/11)

2011        Dec 9, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide bomber attacked a mosque, assassinating a district police chief and killing at least five other people in Kunar province.
    (AFP, 12/9/11)

2011        Dec 10, In Afghanistan a bicycle bomb killed at least two people, including a member of the peace council, and left 16 wounded when it exploded in Kunduz city. 3 people were killed in Kandahar province when their vehicle hit a roadside bomb.
    (AFP, 12/10/11)

2011        Dec 11, Afghan President Hamid Karzai said foreigners are fueling the problem of corruption by, for example, awarding contracts to high ranking government officials.
    (AFP, 12/11/11)

2011        Dec 14, In Afghanistan Massoud Khan, district chief of Khanishin, Helmand province, was killed in a roadside bombing along with two bodyguards.
    (SFC, 12/15/11, p.A6)
2011        Dec 14, An Indian newspaper reported that plans were being finalized for a Taliban office in the Gulf state of Qatar.
    (AP, 12/15/11)

2011        Dec 17, In Afghanistan international troops exchanged gunfire with guards at a house in Paktia province, and detained a counternarcotics chief and two of his sons. An Afghan woman and another member of the counternarcotics chief's family were killed and three other women were injured. Three policemen were killed when their patrol vehicle was caught in the blast from a roadside bomb on the main highway between Farah and Nimroz provinces.
    (AP, 12/17/11)(AFP, 12/18/11)
2011        Dec 17, In Afghanistan the US military began testing Kaman K-MAX helicopters, a revolutionary new drone for its arsenal. The pilotless helicopters will fly cargo missions to remote outposts where frequent roadside bombs threaten access by road convoys.
    (AP, 1/7/12)

2011        Dec 18, In eastern Afghanistan 18 civilians and two policemen were wounded when a man threw grenades at a police vehicle in Khost city.
    (AFP, 12/18/11)

2011        Dec 21, Operators ran the first train down Afghanistan's first major railroad, clearing the way for a long-awaited service from the northern border that should speed up the US military's crucial supply flow and become a hub for future trade. Uzbekistan's state-owned SE Sogdiana Trans will run the commercial train service.
    (AP, 12/21/11)
2011        Dec 21, In eastern Afghanistan a roadside bomb blast killed five Polish soldiers in Ghazni province. Afghan police shot dead a would-be suicide bomber before he was able to attack a police station in Khost province.
    (AP, 12/21/11)

2011        Dec 22, In eastern Afghanistan a NATO service member was killed by a roadside bomb. Insurgents tried to overrun a police checkpoint in western Ghor province. One attacker was killed and three policemen were wounded in the clashes.
    (AP, 12/22/11)(AP, 12/23/11)

2011        Dec 23, Afghanistan's leading human rights activist, Nader Nadery (36), said that President Hamid Karzai has fired him and two others from the government's own rights commission. The claim came as the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission was working on a landmark report about abuses in the country. Karzai's spokesman said Nadery’s five year term was over and the president did not renew his term.
    (AFP, 12/23/11)
2011        Dec 23, The Afghan Interior Ministry said three civilians have died in an explosion of a truck in the south of the country. The truck appeared to have been transporting a bomb through a town in Takhta Pul district in Kandahar province. An explosion at a coal mine in Baghlan province killed 11 miners. They were all working at the site without government permission.
    (AP, 12/23/11)(AP, 12/24/11)

2011        Dec 24, A gunman wearing an Afghan soldier’s uniform was killed in a gunfight with US troops at an outpost in Bala Boluk district in southwestern Farah province.
    (AFP, 12/25/11)(AP, 12/26/11)

2011        Dec 25, In northeastern Afghanistan a suicide bomber attacked a funeral, killing at least 19 people including an MP and wounding dozens of others in Takhar province. In eastern Afghanistan an ISAF service member died after an insurgent attack. Afghan security forces over the last 24 hours killed 30 armed insurgents in various operations around the country in which a number of weapons were found.
    (AFP, 12/25/11)

2011        Dec 29, A man dressed in Afghan army fatigues shot dead two French soldiers. The Taliban claimed responsibility, saying the soldier joined the army in order to carry out his attack in Kapisa province. A roadside bomb killed 10 Afghan police returning from a recruitment center in Helmand province. Another roadside bombing killed a local police commander in the southern province of Kandahar.
    (AFP, 12/29/11)(AFP, 12/30/11)

2011        Dec 30, Afghan security forces took control of Nad Ali, Nawa and Marjah as part of the second wave of security transition. A roadside bomb killed four civilians in Uruzgan province. A suicide bomber and his accomplice were killed on a motorbike in Trinkot city. A British ISAF service member was killed by an IED in Helmand province.
    (AFP, 12/30/11)(AFP, 12/31/11)

2011        Dec 31, Afghan child bride, Sahar Gul (15), spoke of how she was tortured by her mother-in-law who locked her in a toilet for six months, beat her, pulled out her fingernails and burned her with cigarettes. She was found in the basement of her husband's house in the northeastern Baghlan province late Dec 26. On May 5, 2012, her in-laws were sentenced to 10 years in prison for torture, abuse and human rights violations.
    (AP, 12/31/11)(AP, 5/5/12)
2011        Dec 31, Georgia’s defense ministry said a Georgian soldier has been killed in Afghanistan, the 11th from the ex-Soviet state to die serving alongside NATO-led forces fighting the Taliban.
    (AFP, 12/31/11)

2011        Jonathan Steele authored “Ghosts of Afghanistan: The Haunted Battleground."
    (Econ, 11/19/11, p.91)
2011        In Afghanistan opium seizures this year rose 13 percent and those of hashish climbed 59 percent, while the amount of marijuana and morphine confiscated soared 1,208 percent and 10,113 percent respectively, according to figures from ISAF, which did not give the amounts of drugs seized. The UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) in October said opium production in Afghanistan rose 61 percent in 2011 from the previous year, when the harvest was hit by disease.
    (AFP, 1/2/12)
2011        The UN mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) said in its annual report, made public on Feb 4, 2012, that a total of 3,021 Afghan civilians died in 2011 -- mostly at the hands of insurgents -- up eight% from 2,790 in 2010.
    (AFP, 2/4/12)
2011        In Afghanistan at least 430 employees of US contractors were reported killed. This compared to 418 US soldiers reported killed this year.
    (SSFC, 2/12/12, p.A12)

2012        Jan 1, Afghan Pres. Karzai along with US embassy officials met a delegation from Hezb-i-Islami, Afghanistan's second largest militant group led by former Afghan prime minister Gulbuddin Hekmatyar.
    (AFP, 1/3/12)

2012        Jan 3, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber riding a motorcycle struck in Kandahar, killing four civilians and a policemen. 3 explosions today killed 13 people Kandahar. The dead include a child and four police officers. The Taliban announced that they had come to an "initial agreement" to open their first political overseas office, possibly in Qatar, in the first public gesture towards peace talks with the US.
    (AP, 1/3/12)(AFP, 1/3/12)
2012        Jan 3, Afghan police arrested two British private security contractors and two Afghan colleagues and ordered their company, GardaWorld, closed down after finding a cache of weapons in their vehicle in Kabul.
    (AP, 1/5/12)

2012        Jan 5, Afghan President Hamid Karzai ordered the transfer of the prison at Bagram, sometimes called "Afghanistan's Guantanamo," to Afghan control within a month, citing reports of human rights violations there. Four US soldiers from the Indiana National Guard were killed by a roadside bomb in southern Afghanistan as they worked to clear a supply route.
    (AFP, 1/5/12)(SSFC, 1/8/12, p.A5)

2012        Jan 6, In Afghanistan 6 children and a civilian were killed when a bomb planted in a garbage bin exploded in Tirin Kot, Uruzgan province. 5 NATO soldiers were killed in two roadside bomb blasts. A policeman turned his gun on his colleagues in their headquarters of Shahrak district, central Ghor province, killing two before being gunned down himself.
    (AFP, 1/6/12)

2012        Jan 8, An Afghan soldier shot dead a NATO colleague and was himself killed when a dispute ended in a shoot-out.
    (AFP, 1/8/12)

2012        Jan 10, In southeastern Afghanistan 3 policemen and 4 civilians were killed when a group of suicide bombers stormed a government building in Sharana, the capital city of Paktika province. One bomber was gunned down by police, the two others detonated themselves. Four Afghan National Army soldiers killed in a Taliban mortar attack in Kunar province.
    (AFP, 1/10/12)

2012        Jan 11, In southern Afghanistan a suicide bomber slipped inside police headquarters in Kandahar, detonating his cache of explosives and wounding one officer.
    (AP, 1/11/12)

2012        Jan 12, Afghanistan, Washington and the Taliban condemned a video purporting to show US Marines urinating on corpses of insurgents. The troops in the inflammatory video were soon identified as being from the 3rd Battalion 2nd Marine Regiment, based at Camp Lejeune, North Carolina. In southern Afghanistan a suicide car-bomber killed five people and wounded 10 others near Kandahar city. The dead included Fazludin Agha, the chief of Panjwayi district, his two sons and two bodyguards.
    (AFP, 1/12/12)(AFP, 1/13/12)

2012        Jan 16, In southern Afghanistan a civilian helicopter crashed, killing all three people on board. Police said the Russian-made aircraft probably went down because of a technical malfunction. At least 14 people died in avalanches after heavy snowfall in the mountainous Badakhshan province.
    (AP, 1/16/12)(AP, 1/17/12)

2012        Jan 17, Afghan President Hamid Karzai urged the Taliban to allow teams conducting a polio vaccination campaign to reach areas under the insurgents' control. Afghanistan,  Pakistan and Nigeria are the last three nations where polio remains endemic.
    (AP, 1/17/12)
2012        Jan 17, In Afghanistan assailants gunned down Mohammad Nahim Agha Mama, a prominent anti-Taliban tribal leader as he was praying in a mosque in Kandahar. A suicide car bomber slammed into the entrance of a military base jointly run by NATO and Afghan troops in Nangarhar province, wounding three Afghan private security guards. NATO forces reportedly killed 5 civilians, including a woman and 2 children, during an overnight raid in Kunar province.
    (AP, 1/17/12)(AP, 1/18/12)

2012        Jan 18, In southern Afghanistan 12 people were killed by a suicide bomber on a motorcycle at a bridge under construction in Helmand province. An Afghan intelligence official in Nad Ali district of Helmand province and two of his body guards were killed in an explosion. Afghan security forces said they have killed nine armed insurgents and captured 23 suspects in a series of raids in the past 24 hours.
    (AP, 1/18/12)

2012        Jan 19, In southern Afghanistan a suicide bomber killed at least seven people and wounded eight in an attack at Kandahar international airport. Hundreds of people took to the streets in Dewa Gul Vally, Kunar province, in protest over a recent night raid by Afghan and NATO forces that allegedly killed six civilians.  A NATO-US helicopter crashed killing 6 Marines. Taliban fighters attacked a police checkpoint in Helmand province. At least 2 police officers and 12 Taliban fighters were killed.
    (AFP, 1/19/12)(SFC, 1/20/12, p.A2)(SFC, 1/21/12, p.A2)

2012        Jan 20, An Afghan soldier shot dead four unarmed French troops during a sports session inside a base. Pres. Sarkozy suspended French military training and joint combat operations with Afghan troops, and sent Defense Minister Gerard Longuet to probe the attack in which at least 15 French soldiers were also wounded.
    (AFP, 1/20/12)

2012        Jan 21, Afghan President Hamid Karzai said that he personally held peace talks recently with the insurgent faction Hizb-i-Islami. At least 13 people, including five Afghan border police, a NATO soldier and two would-be suicide bombers, were killed across the country.
    (AP, 1/21/12)(AFP, 1/21/12)

2012        Jan 23, An Afghan toddler was accidentally killed and the child's parents were wounded when Danish soldiers blew up a roadside bomb in Helmand province.
    (AP, 1/26/12)

2012        Jan 24, Afghan officials said heavy snow and avalanches in Afghanistan's far northeast have killed at least 46 people since last week.
    (AP, 1/24/12)

2012        Jan 25, In eastern Afghanistan a rocket fired by Taliban insurgents killed a woman and her child in Kapisa province.
    (AP, 1/26/12)

2012        Jan 26, In southern Afghanistan a suicide attacker detonated a car laden with powerful explosives, killing four Afghan civilians and wounding 31 other people.
    (AP, 1/26/12)

2012        Jan 27, France announced it would withdraw its troops from Afghanistan a year earlier than the 2014 date agreed by NATO. Pres. Sarkozy, alongside Afghan President Hamid Karzai who was in Paris for a previously planned visit, said France had told the US of its plan, and will present it at a Feb. 2-3 meeting of NATO defense ministers in Brussels.
    (AP, 1/28/12)

2012        Jan 30, A Riyadh-based Afghan diplomat said Afghan officials and representatives of the Taliban insurgents are to hold peace talks in Saudi Arabia.
    (AFP, 1/30/12)
2012        Jan 30, Afghan police said a woman has been strangled to death, apparently by her husband, who was upset that she gave birth to a second daughter rather than the son he wanted. Sher Mohammad fled the Khanabad district in Kunduz province last week, about the time a neighbor found Estorai, his 22-year-old wife, dead in their house.
    (AP, 1/30/12)

2012        Jan 31, In southern Afghanistan a man wearing an Afghan army uniform shot and killed a NATO service member, the latest in a rising number of similar attacks.
    (AP, 2/1/12)

2012        Feb 1, NATO confirmed a secret report saying that the Taliban, backed by Pakistan, are set to retake control of Afghanistan after NATO-led forces withdraw, raising the prospect of a major failure of Western policy after a costly war.
    (AP, 2/1/12)

2012        Feb 3, In Afghanistan an American soldier shot and killed an Afghan guard at a base in the country's north, apparently because the American thought the guard was about to attack him.
    (AP, 2/4/12)

2012        Feb 5, In Afghanistan 9 people, including 7 policemen, were killed in a suicide car bomb attack on police headquarters in Kandahar, a bastion of Taliban militancy.
    (AFP, 2/5/12)

2012        Feb 7, Pakistani PM Yousuf Raza Gilani held talks with Qatar's emir Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa al-Thani, on the 2nd day of an official visit expected to focus on Afghan peace efforts.
    (AFP, 2/7/12)

2012        Feb 8, In Afghanistan a NATO airstrike reportedly killed 8 children in Kapisa province. On Feb 13 NATO conceded that several children died during the bombing raid.
    (AFP, 2/9/12)(AFP, 2/13/12)

2012        Feb 10, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb hit a police vehicle on patrol, leaving five policemen dead and one wounded in Trin Kot, the capital of Uruzgan province. A car was also hit by a roadside bomb in the Khinjak area of Trin Kot, killing one person and wounding two others.
    (AFP, 2/11/12)

2012        Feb 11, In eastern Afghanistan gunmen burst into a family home of a provincial judge, killing him and his niece in the latest assassination of an Afghan government official. Mohammad Nasir, the head of the appeals court for Kunar province, was visiting family in neighboring Nangarhar province. A helicopter operated by US military contractors crashed in the mountains of Zabul province, killing all four Tajik crew members.
    (AP, 2/12/12)

2012        Feb 12, The Afghan Health Ministry said that the director of a medical clinic in Helmand province was found dead after being kidnapped a week ago by unknown gunmen. The provincial government of Helmand province said a roadside bomb killed three civilians in Washir district.
    (AP, 2/12/12)

2012        Feb 13, Afghan President Hamid Karzai's office said the government has signed a long-term partnership with Italy for continued financial support and military training. The agreement states that Italy will continue these efforts after 2014, when the Afghan government is expected to take the lead in securing the country. In the south a NATO service member died in an insurgent attack.
    (AP, 2/13/12)

2012        Feb 15, Afghan police in Kunar province rescued 41 children from becoming suicide bombers as they were about to be smuggled across the mountains into Pakistan.
    (AFP, 2/20/12)

2012        Feb 16, Pakistan welcomed the leaders of Afghanistan and Iran for a regional summit at a key juncture in peace efforts with the Taliban and amid rising tensions between Tehran and Israel.
    (AFP, 2/16/12)
2012        Feb 16, UN chief Ban Ki-moon urged Afghanistan to make fighting drug trafficking a priority as opium harvests soar in the world's top producer, and said the world must help in the effort in his opening address in Vienna of a Paris Pact meeting to fight drug trafficking in Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 2/16/12)

2012        Feb 18, Afghan Pres. Hamid Karzai met with Maulana Samiul Haq, a Pakistani cleric linked to Taliban insurgents. The meeting in Islamabad marked the first public contact between an Afghan official and members of the Afghan Taliban's support network in Pakistan.
    (AP, 2/18/12)

2012        Feb 19, In Afghanistan insurgents beheaded four people in Washer district, Helmand province, on the charge that they were spies. A roadside bomb killed four civilians in southern Kandahar province.
    (AP, 2/21/12)(AP, 2/19/12)

2012        Feb 20, In Afghanistan 3 Italian soldiers were killed when their armored jeep overturned in a river in Herat province as it raced to the rescue of another unit blocked by adverse weather conditions. Afghan police opened fire on int’l. troops killing one Albanian soldier. 11 Afghan policemen were arrested.
    (AFP, 2/20/12)(SFC, 2/21/12, p.A2)

2012        Feb 21, Afghan Pres. Hamid Karzai invited the Taliban leadership to direct talks, while urging Pakistan to facilitate negotiation efforts towards ending 10 years of war. Demonstrators gathered outside the Bagram US base in Parwan province as word spread that Muslim holy books were burned in a pile of garbage. The US apologized for burning the copies of the Quran. A NATO service member died as a result of a non-battle related injury.
    (AFP, 2/21/12)(AP, 2/22/12)

2012        Feb 22, The Afghan Interior Ministry said seven people have been killed in clashes between Afghan security forces and protesters demonstrating against the burning of Muslim holy books at a NATO military base.
    (AP, 2/22/12)

2012        Feb 23, President Barack Obama apologized over the burning of Korans at a US airbase in Afghanistan, where three days of protests have killed 14 people, including two American soldiers.
    (AFP, 2/23/12)

2012        Feb 24, In Afghanistan anti-US protesters tried to storm a US consulate and march on NATO headquarters in Kabul as violent demonstrations over the burning of Korans pushed into a fourth day, pushing the death toll to 24 people.
    (AFP, 2/24/12)
2012        Feb 24, Pakistan publicly called on the Taliban for the first time to engage the Afghan government in US-backed peace talks, a potentially significant move that could help pave the way for a settlement to end the decade-long war. Suicide bombers armed with guns and grenades attacked a police station, killing four officers in the second attack in as many days in the northwestern city of Peshawar. Militants attacked troops deployed in Khyber tribal district and the ensuing fighting left three soldiers and seven militants dead. Hundreds of Pakistani activists took to the streets, chanting "Death to America", demanding that their leaders resign and setting fire to a US flag over the burning of Korans in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 2/24/12)(AFP, 2/24/12)

2012        Feb 25, In Afghanistan 2 American members of NATO forces were shot dead in the interior ministry in Kabul. Five people were reported killed in the attack, taking the five day death toll from protests over the burning of Korans at a US-run military base to 29. Six Afghan soldiers were killed and 16 others wounded while trying to defuse a roadside bomb.
    (AFP, 2/25/12)(AP, 2/25/12)

2012        Feb 26, In northern Afghanistan protesters angry over Quran burnings by American troops lobbed grenades at a US base in Kunduz province and clashed with police and troops in a 6th day of violence that left 7 American troops wounded and two Afghans dead.
    (AP, 2/26/12)(AFP, 2/27/12)

2012        Feb 27, In eastern Afghanistan a Taliban suicide car bomber targeting NATO troops at Jalalabad airport killed 6 civilians, an Afghan soldier and 2 local guards, the 7th day of violence over the burning of the Koran at a US airbase. An Afghan official said severe cold weather has killed 35 children in the past two days in northeastern Badakhshan.
    (AFP, 2/27/12)

2012        Mar 1, In Afghan 2 American soldiers were killed by Afghan colleagues in Kandahar province, the latest in a series of such attacks after the burning of the Koran at a US base sparked widespread violent protests.
    (AFP, 3/1/12)

2012        Mar 2, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber on a motorcycle attacked a NATO convoy in the Kandahar province, wounding seven people including four soldiers.
    (AFP, 3/2/12)

2012        Mar 4, In northeastern Afghanistan an avalanche buried a village of about 200 people in Badakhshan province. At least 50 people were killed with dozens trapped under the snow. At least 145 people were missing and "presumed dead" after an avalanche.
    (AFP, 3/6/12)(AP, 3/7/12)(AFP, 3/10/12)

2012        Mar 6, Afghan President Hamid Karzai endorsed the Ulema Council's “code of conduct" document issued March 3. It allows husbands to beat wives under certain circumstances and encourages segregation of the sexes.
    (AP, 3/6/12)

2012        Mar 7, In Afghanistan 6 British soldiers were killed when a massive explosion hit their armored vehicle, taking the British toll in the war against Taliban insurgents to more than 400. In Uruzgan province 9 policemen were killed by Taliban insurgents after a checkpoint guard allowed them to enter a sleeping area.
    (AFP, 3/7/12)(SFC, 3/9/12, p.A3)

2012        Mar 9, In Afghanistan the US signed a deal transferring the controversial Bagram prison to Afghan control, marking a breakthrough in negotiations over a strategic treaty between the two nations. The US would maintain a presence at the prison to provide advisory, technical and logistical support for a year. Insurgents attacked a checkpoint in Nangarhar province. Two border policemen and three attackers were killed in the ensuing firefight.
    (AFP, 3/9/12)(AP, 3/10/12)

2012        Mar 10, Afghan officials said 5 top Taliban leaders held by the US in the military prison at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, told a visiting Afghan delegation they agree to a proposed transfer to the tiny Gulf state of Qatar. The US has not yet agreed to the transfer but is considering it as an incentive for the Taliban to participate in peace talks.
    (AP, 3/10/12)

2012        Mar 11, In Afghanistan an American soldier opened fire on villagers near his base and killed 16 civilians. 9 children and 3 women were among the dead in Kandahar province. A US service member was detained at a NATO base as the alleged shooter. The soldier was transferred to Kuwait on March 14 and on to the US on March 16. On March 16 the soldier was identified as Staff Sergeant Robert Bales (38) of Lake Tapps, Wa.
    (AP, 3/11/12)(AP, 3/16/12)(Reuters, 3/16/12)

2012        Mar 13, In Afghanistan gunmen attacked a memorial service for 16 villagers killed by a US soldier, shooting dead a member of the Afghan military and wounding a policeman in a hail of gunfire. About 400 university students chanting "Death to America -- Death to Obama" took to the streets of Jalalabad, in the first protest against the US army sergeant's killing spree.
    (AFP, 3/13/12)

2012        Mar 14, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb attack killed 8 civilians in Helmand province as US Defense Secretary Leon Panetta visited troops in a military camp in the southern Afghan province. An Afghan interpreter crashed a truck while speeding toward Marines waiting for Panetta to land. The interpreter died of his wounds the next day. A motorcycle bomb blast in Kandahar city shortly before the Helmand attack killed at least one Afghan security officer and wounded two others.
    (AFP, 3/14/12)(AP, 3/15/12)

2012        Mar 15, Afghan President Hamid Karzai demanded NATO troops immediately pull out of rural areas in the wake of the killing of 16 civilians. The Taliban broke off talks with the US. Karzai also said he now wants Afghan forces take the lead for countrywide security in 2013, a year ahead of schedule.
    (AP, 3/15/12)

2012        Mar 16, Afghan Pres. Karzai angrily accused the US of not sharing information about how an American soldier allegedly shot and killed 16 Afghans in two villages.
    (AP, 3/16/12)
2012        Mar 16, In Afghanistan a Turkish helicopter crashed into a house on the outskirts of Kabul, killing 12 Turkish soldiers and two Afghan civilians.
    (AFP, 3/16/12)

2012        Mar 17, A senior Iranian military commander, Gen. Masoud Jazayeri, urged Afghans to use force to kick American troops out of their country, hinting that "new resistance groups" could launch attacks on US interests in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 3/17/12)

2012        Mar 20, Afghans celebrated their solar-based new year.
    (AFP, 4/15/12)

2012        Mar 22, Afghan President Hamid Karzai said the West will subsidize Afghan security forces by more than $4 billion a year after US-led troops leave in 2014, implicitly accepting a cut in the planned size of his military. Western officials said no final agreements had been reached. In Kandahar a suicide car bomber blew himself up at a security checkpoint outside a police station, killing two children nearby.
    (AFP, 3/22/12)(AP, 3/22/12)

2012        Mar 23, Afghan police in Kandahar province seized two tractor-towed trailers with at least 17 tons of explosives insurgents were planning to use for improvised explosive devices. The shipment was coming from Quetta, Pakistan, and the drivers were killed in the operation. An Afghan civilian was killed when a NATO vehicle collided with another driven by a local resident in Lashkar Gah.
    (AP, 3/24/12)(AFP, 3/25/12)
2012        Mar 23, The US military filed charges against Army Staff Sgt. Robert Bales including 17 counts of premeditated murder, more than half of them children, during a march 11 shooting rampage in southern Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 3/24/12)

2012        Mar 24, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb detonated by remote control killed five people, including a former Afghan senator and tribal leader who worked to foster peace and development. In the east a NATO service member died as a result of a non-battle related injury. Eight Afghan security personnel and a foreign soldier were among 10 people killed in a Taliban-style roadside bombing in Kandahar province.
    (AP, 3/24/12)(AFP, 3/25/12)
2012        Mar 24, Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and his Pakistani counterpart Asif Ali Zardari arrived in Tajikistan for regional security talks with Afghan leader Hamid Karzai.
    (AFP, 3/24/12)

2012        Mar 25, Afghan officials said the US paid $50,000 in compensation for each villager killed and $11,000 for each person wounded in a shooting rampage allegedly carried out by a rogue American soldier on March 11.
    (AP, 3/25/12)

2012        Mar 26, In Afghanistan a member of the Afghan national army opened fire at entrance gate to the British headquarters at Lashkar Gah city, killing the two British service personnel. The assailant was killed by return fire. A joint Afghan and coalition force in Faryab province killed Makhdum Nusrat, leader of the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan.
    (Reuters, 3/26/12)(AP, 4/7/12)

2012        Mar 28, In Afghanistan a NATO supply convoy came under attack in Farah province. 37 people were reported killed, including 28 Taliban attackers.
    (SFC, 3/30/12, p.A3)
2012        Mar 28, Human Rights Watch said hundreds of Afghan women were languishing in prison for so-called moral crimes, which included running away from home and having sex outside marriage. The group estimated a total of 400 women were in prison and girls in juvenile detention facilities having been accused or convicted of offences including "running away", which is not a crime under the Afghan penal code.
    (AFP, 3/28/12)

2012        Mar 29, In southern Afghanistan a NATO service member died in an insurgent attack.
    (AP, 3/30/12)

2012        Mar 30, An Afghan policeman shot to death nine of his fellow officers as they slept in a village in Paktika province, an eastern Taliban stronghold. He then took their weapons, piled them in a pickup truck and sped away. A motorcycle bomb parked by the side of a road exploded, killing an Afghan police officer and wounding another in Sangin district of southwest Helmand province. A NATO service member died in a southern roadside bomb explosion.
    (AP, 3/30/12)
2012        Mar 30, In Afghanistan the bodies of a boy (15) and a girl (12) were discovered in wasteland in the Esfandi area of Ghazni province. They were killed in an acid attack. Witnesses claimed it was because of their friendship.
    (AFP, 3/31/12)

2012        Mar 31, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb in the Gizab district of Uruzgan province killed two local council members and an Afghan policeman.
    (AP, 4/1/12)

2012        Apr 1, In Afghanistan Toor Jan, an officer in charge of several checkpoints in Uruzgan province's capital Tarin Kot, died along with one of his bodyguards when their vehicle passed through an area where explosives had been planted.
    (AP, 4/1/12)

2012        Apr 2, In Afghanistan a motorcycle bomb killed one police officer and wounded two others in Kandahar city. Twin bomb blasts in the city of New Baghlan wounded 23 people, including eight police officers near a market selling computer equipment. Insurgents attacked a checkpoint in the Nahri Sarraj district of Helmand province. Four police officers were killed and two were wounded in the attack. The bodies of two civilians also were found at the checkpoint. Insurgents killed three police officers and abducted 11 in an attack on a checkpoint in Wardoj district of Badakhshan province.
    (AP, 4/2/12)(AP, 4/3/12)

2012        Apr 3, In Afghanistan two police officers were killed when their vehicle ran over a roadside bomb in Shah Wali Kot district of Kandahar province. Two NATO service members were reported killed in the east. One died in a roadside bombing, and the other died as a result of a non-battle related injury.
    (AP, 4/3/12)

2012        Apr 4, In northern Afghanistan a suicide bomber attacked foreign military forces, killing at least 13 people including three American troops in Maymana, capital of Faryab province. Gunmen attacked an outpost of a government-sponsored militia and killed 10 members of the security force in Khaki Safed district, Farah province
    (AFP, 4/4/12)(AP, 4/5/12)

2012        Apr 5, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber struck a bazaar in a northeastern district, killing two people and wounding 16 others in the Kishim district of Badakhshan province. A NATO service member died in a roadside bomb explosion in the south.
    (AP, 4/5/12)(AP, 4/6/12)

2012        Apr 6, Four Afghan policemen were killed in 3 separate incidents in Helmand province. A fuel tanker overturned and caught fire, killing 7 people. A suicide bomber assassinated the head of the peace council in Kunar province. His son died in a hospital where he and the bodyguard were treated for their injuries. A NATO service member died following an insurgent attack in the east. A member of the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU), an al-Qaida-linked group who helped finance attacks against Afghan and foreign forces, was captured in Faryab province.
    (AP, 4/6/12)(AP, 4/7/12)

2012        Apr 7, In Afghanistan 3 employees of an Afghan construction company died when their vehicle struck a roadside bomb.
    (AP, 4/7/12)

2012        Apr 8, The Afghan government and the US signed a deal governing special operations and night raids by American troops. The document gave the Afghans authority over the raids and gave the Americans an Afghan partner that will now be held equally to account if there are civilian casualties or allegations of mistreatment.
    (AP, 4/8/12)(Econ, 4/14/12, p.52)

2012        Apr 10, In Afghanistan suicide bombers struck two government offices in the south and west, killing 16 people as militants step up attacks across the country with the arrival of spring temperatures. In addition 3 local policemen were killed in Musa Qala district when a suicide bomber on a motorcycle blew himself up near their vehicle.
    (AP, 4/10/12)(AP, 4/11/12)

2012        Apr 11, In Afghanistan 2 bomb explosions and an insurgent attack killed two NATO service members and a local Afghan government in different parts of the country.
    (AP, 4/11/12)

2012        Apr 14, In Afghanistan Salahuddin Rabbani, the son of a former peace council chairman killed by a suicide bomber on Sep 20, 2011, was elected to succeed his father as head of the 70-member Afghan High Peace Council, tasked with reaching out to the Taliban to find a political resolution to the decade-long war.
    (AP, 4/14/12)
2012        Apr 14, Afghan forces with air support from NATO combed through the country's mountainous northeast in their third day of a major offensive against militants in a province that serves as an insurgent supply route from Pakistan. A spokesman for Nuristan province said nearly 30 insurgents have been killed and at least 30 have been wounded in the operation that began in Kamdesh district.
    (AP, 4/14/12)
2012        Apr 14, Indonesian authorities said they had found a boat reported missing en route to Australia and that some 60 asylum seekers it was carrying were believed to have fled. The mostly Afghan asylum seekers on board made a distress call to Australia on April 11, saying they were in rough seas and their boat was sinking.
    (AFP, 4/14/12)

2012        Apr 15, In Afghanistan suicide bombers struck across the country in coordinated attacks claimed by Taliban insurgents as the start of a spring offensive. A total of 19 insurgents died and 14 police and nine civilians were wounded.
    (AFP, 4/15/12)

2012        Apr 16, In Afghanistan an 18-hour attack, allegedly carried out by Pakistan-based militants on targets in the Afghan capital, including the US Embassy, ended today killing 11 people. 36 insurgents were also killed. A gunman arrested in the attacks told authorities the simultaneous strikes in Kabul and three other cities were carried out by the Haqqani network.
    (AP, 4/16/12)

2012        Apr 17, Afghan President Hamid Karzai said he wanted "at least $2 billion" a year from the United States after it withdraws its troops in 2014. Karzai said the US should specify in a partnership agreement to be signed between his country and the US how much money it will give to Afghanistan after they leave.
    (AFP, 4/17/12)
2012        Apr 17, Australia said it will bring its troops home from Afghanistan a year earlier than planned with most soldiers withdrawn in 2013 after significant security gains over the past 18 months.
    (AFP, 4/17/12)

2012        Apr 18, The Los Angeles Times published 2 pictures, dating back to 2010, showing US soldiers posing with the remains of Taliban insurgents. One showed members of the 82nd Airborne Division posing in 2010 with Afghan police holding the severed legs of a suicide bomber. The 2nd appeared to show the hand of a dead insurgent resting on a US soldier's shoulder as the soldier smiles.
    (AP, 4/19/12)

2012        Apr 19, In Afghanistan a US Army helicopter crashed in bad weather during a night flight to the scene of a suicide bombing. All 4 American crew members were killed. 4 Afghan police officers were killed and 7 others were wounded in the suicide attack on the checkpoint in Helmand province.
    (AFP, 4/20/12)
2012        Apr 19, Australia vowed in an apparent U-turn to keep combat troops in Afghanistan through 2014 after PM Julia Gillard had indicated they would come home earlier than planned.
    (AFP, 4/19/12)

2012        Apr 21, An Afghan official said security forces arrested five militants on April 13 with 10,000 kilograms (22,000 pounds) of explosives that they smuggled in from Pakistan to carry out a massive attack in Kabul, as well as another three suspects, arrested on April 15, allegedly planning to assassinate the vice president.
    (AP, 4/21/12)(AFP, 4/21/12)

2012        Apr 22, Afghanistan and the US agreed on a much-delayed strategic partnership (SPA) deal that is meant to govern the US role in Afghanistan as international forces draw down and for decades after. The agreement pledged US support for 10 years.
    (AP, 4/22/12)(SFC, 4/23/12, p.A3)(Econ, 4/28/12, p.43)

2012        Apr 24, In southern Afghanistan a NATO service member was killed by an improvised explosive device. Another NATO service member died of non-battle injuries in the east.
    (AP, 4/25/12)

2012        Apr 25, In southern Afghanistan another NATO service member was killed by an improvised explosive device. Another NATO service member died of non-battle injuries. A man wearing an Afghan National Army uniform shot and killed a US soldier and an Afghan interpreter in Kandahar province. The shooter was killed when coalition forces returned fire.
    (AP, 4/25/12)(AP, 4/26/12)(SFC, 4/28/12, p.A3)

2012        Apr 26, In eastern Afghanistan a mortar fired during heavy fighting between NATO forces and the Taliban hit a house killing three women. In the northeast another group of Taliban fighters launched an overnight attack on a police post, killing four officers and abducting 16. Afghan border police killed eight insurgents who they found placing a bomb near a road in Spin Boldak district.
    (AP, 4/26/12)

2012        Apr 27, It was reported that the Taliban have succeeded in closing or partly closing some 50 schools in southern Afghanistan in response to a government decision last fall to ban motorcycles in the southern districts of Ghazni province. A British soldier was shot dead in the southern province of Helmand. NATO said 3 US service members were killed in a bomb attack in the east.
    (SFC, 4/27/12, p.A2)(AFP, 4/28/12)(SFC, 4/28/12, p.A3)

2012        Apr 28, In southern Afghanistan 2 Taliban militants hiding handguns in their shoes slipped into the Kandahar governor's compound, setting off a fierce gunbattle that left two security guards and both attackers dead. A roadside bomb killed 10 Afghan security forces in eastern Wardak province.
    (AP, 4/28/12)

2012        Apr 29, In eastern Afghanistan a buried bomb killed two children who triggered the explosive when they were playing outside near their village in Paktika province.
    (AFP, 4/30/12)

2012        Apr 30, In Afghanistan a NATO service member was killed in an insurgent attack in the south. 4 children died during an exchange of fire between Taliban insurgents and ISAF and Afghan security forces in Shahjoy, Zabul province. In Laghman province an Afghan-led and coalition supported security force conducted an operation to detain a Taliban leader today. 2 young men were reported killed.
    (AP, 4/30/12)(AFP, 5/1/12)

2012        May 1, Pres. Barack Obama made a surprise visit to Afghanistan, the eve of the one-year anniversary of the assassination of Osama bin Laden. In a swift and secretive trip Obama signed an agreement vowing long-term ties with Afghanistan after America's combat forces come home.
    (AP, 5/1/12)

2012        May 2, In Afghanistan 7 people were killed after attackers in burqas detonated a suicide car bomb and clashed with guards at the "Green Village" complex of guesthouses used by the EU in Kabul. The Taliban militia announced they would launch their annual "spring offensive," code-named Al-Farouq, across Afghanistan on May 3.
    (AFP, 5/2/12)

2012        May 3, In Afghanistan six Taliban militants were killed and two others wounded in eastern Paktya province when the roadside bomb they were building in a mosque exploded. Four of those killed were foreign fighters. The Afghan intelligence agency arrested a Pakistani citizen driving a truck in Kabul packed with explosives.
    (AP, 5/3/12)

2012        May 4, In southern Afghanistan two NATO coalition service members were killed in an insurgent attack. A remote-controlled roadside bomb killed five border police in Nangarhar province near the border with Pakistan.
    (AP, 5/4/12)(AP, 5/5/12)

2012        May 6, In Afghanistan a soldier with NATO's US-led coalition was killed by a man in Afghan army uniform, in the latest so-called "green-on-blue" attack. The individual who opened fire was killed when coalition forces returned fire. ISAF announced that one coalition service member died in a roadside bomb attack in the east of the country. 4 gunmen took over a tall building in Paktika province and started shooting down into surrounding government compounds, wounding one civilian before security forces killed them.
    (AFP, 5/6/12)(AP, 5/10/12)
2012        May 6, In northern Afghanistan a flash flood swept through a village, killing 21 people, many of them members of a wedding party in Dhy Marda village in Sari Pul province. Floods overnight in two other districts in the province killed three people.
    (AFP, 5/7/12)

2012        May 7, In eastern Afghanistan 3 soldiers serving with international coalition forces were killed in a bomb attack.
    (AP, 5/7/12)

2012        May 8, In Afghanistan Taliban insurgents ambushed a convoy of education officials in Paktika province. 5 officials were killed and 3 others wounded.
    (SFC, 5/9/12, p.A2)

2012        May 10, In Afghanistan 6 suicide attackers wearing police uniforms killed five people when they were caught trying to sneak through a checkpoint in Paktika province's Yayakhil district. 4 attackers detonated their explosives-rigged suicide vests and 2 were shot and killed.
    (AP, 5/10/12)

2012        May 11, In Afghanistan a man wearing an Afghan army uniform shot dead a US service member in Kunar province. The Taliban took credit for the attack. NATO said a second service member died following an insurgent attack in southern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 5/11/12)
2012        May 11, In northern Afghanistan a flash flood swept through villages in a mountainous area, killing at least 17 people in Takhar province.
    (AP, 5/11/12)

2012        May 12, In Afghanistan insurgent attacks killed three NATO troops, while a fourth died of non-battle related injuries. A roadside bomb in the northwest killed four Afghan policemen. Two members of the Afghan police opened fire on British soldiers who were mentoring them in Lashkar Gah, killing two. One of the gunmen was killed and the other escaped.
    (AP, 5/12/12)(Reuters, 5/13/12)

2012        May 13, In Afghanistan Arsala Rahmani, a former Taliban minister, senior Afghan peace negotiator and close ally of President Hamid Karzai, was shot dead, dealing a major blow to Kabul's efforts to broker peace with Taliban insurgents. The radical Mullah Dadullah Front later claimed responsibility.
    (AFP, 5/13/12)(SSFC, 5/20/12, p.A9)

2012        May 14, In Afghanistan remotely-detonated bomb ripped through a bazaar in Faryab province, killing seven civilians, including provincial councilor Amanullah Shahabzai, and injuring eight other people.
    (AFP, 5/14/12)(SFC, 5/15/12, p.A3)

2012        May 16, Australia said it will contribute $100 million annually for three years beginning in 2015 toward the $4 billion a year cost of running the Afghan National Security Forces after they take responsibility for their country's security.
    (AP, 5/16/12)

2012        May 17, In southwest Afghanistan gunmen dressed in Afghan police uniforms and wearing suicide vests stormed a government compound in Farah, killing 7 people and wounding 12 others.
    (AFP, 5/17/12)

2012        May 18, In Afghanistan rockets crashed into a US base and a house in a remote area of the northeast, killing two NATO service members and three civilians in Kunar province. A NATO airstrike killed 8 militants in Sayd Abad district of Wardak province. In the west, three members of the Afghan security forces, two soldiers and an intelligence official, and 11 militants were killed in a gunbattle in Farah province.
    (AP, 5/18/12)
2012        May 18, In Afghanistan Lal Bibi (18) was abducted, chained to a wall, sexually assaulted and beaten for five days. She later said she was raped because her cousin offended a family linked to a local militia commander, who then had his men abduct her. A policeman said a mullah had married them just before intercourse.
    (http://tinyurl.com/7tunl8o)(SFC, 6/28/12, p.A4)
2012        May 18, French Pres. Francois Hollande, on his first visit to the Oval Office, told Pres. Obama that he will withdraw all French troops from Afghanistan by year’s end.
    (SFC, 5/19/12, p.A2)

2012        May 19, In southeast Afghanistan a suicide bomber in Khost province struck at a lunch gathering of Afghan police and local civilians killing at least 13 people, 3 of them policemen.
    (AFP, 5/19/12)
2012        May 19, In northern Afghanistan flood waters ravaged a provincial capital, killing at least 19 people and destroying hundreds of homes. About 60 other people were missing.
    (AFP, 5/20/12)

2012        May 20, In southern Afghanistan 2 NATO soldiers were killed in an attack as alliance leaders gathered in Chicago for a summit dominated by plans to pull troops out of the Afghan war. 2 children also died and several civilians were wounded as a suicide bomber targeted a NATO convoy in Tirin Kot, capital of southern Uruzgan province.
    (AFP, 5/20/12)

2012        May 22, In northeast Afghanistan 2 foreign doctors and their 3 Afghan colleagues were kidnapped in a remote area of Badakhshan province. Officials said one managed to escape and alerted authorities.
    (AP, 5/23/12)(SFC, 5/24/12, p.A2)

2012        May 23, In Afghanistan five insurgents were arrested before they carried out a suicide attack along a main road leading to the Kabul’s international airport.
    (AP, 5/23/12)

2012        May 26, Afghanistan's parliament approved a strategic partnership agreement with the United States.
    (AP, 5/26/12)
2012        May 25, French President Francois Hollande for the first time provided details of his plan to pull France's combat troops out of Afghanistan by the end of the year, saying he would leave around 1,400 soldiers behind to help with training and logistics.
    (AP, 5/26/12)

2012        May 26, Afghanistan's parliament approved a strategic partnership agreement with the United States. A NATO night airstrike reportedly killed 8 members of a family in Paktia province. A NATO official the next day said that so far, there was no evidence of any civilian casualties. 4 NATO coalition service members were killed in separate bomb attacks in the south. Captain Stephen James Healey became the 415th British serviceperson to die since the military mission in Afghanistan started in 2001.
    (AP, 5/26/12)(AP, 5/27/12)(AFP, 5/27/12)(AFP, 5/28/12)

2012        May 27, In eastern Afghanistan a NATO coalition service member died in a roadside bomb. Two civilians were killed when their vehicle struck a roadside bomb in Marjah district of Helmand province. Al-Qaeda's 2nd in command in Afghanistan was killed in an air strike in Kunar province. Saudi-born Sakhr al-Taifi (aka Mushtaq and Nasim) had commanded foreign fighters and directed attacks on NATO and Afghan troops.
    (AP, 5/27/12)(AFP, 5/29/12)

2012        May 28, In eastern Afghanistan a helicopter crash killed two NATO service members. An insurgent attack in the south killed a NATO service member. Gunmen killed a member of the community council in southern Helmand province's Sangin district. A roadside bomb killed seven people in northeastern Baghlan province.
    (AP, 5/28/12)

2012        May 29, In Afghanistan Taliban attacked a hilltop police post in northern Badakhshan province's Warduj district, triggering heavy fighting that killed eight policemen and six militants.
    (AP, 5/30/12)

2012        May 30, In southern Afghanistan an insurgent attack and a homemade bomb killed two NATO service members. 3 district government employees were killed by a roadside bomb as they were traveling to work in eastern Nangarhar province's Deh Bala district.
    (AP, 5/30/12)

2012        May 31, In southern Afghanistan a suicide bomber detonated a vehicle full of explosives outside a district police headquarters, killing five policemen in Kandahar province. A homemade bomb killed a member of the US-led NATO force. A pair of attacks killed five policemen in Kunduz and Nangarhar provinces.
    (AP, 5/31/12)

2012        May, In Afghanistan the film "Kabul I Love You," got a warm reception when it was screened at the French cultural center in Kabul. It was funded by the UN mission in Afghanistan, UNAMA, as a means of giving the country's cinema a boost.
    (AFP, 7/26/12)

2012        Jun 1, In Afghanistan a suicide attacker rammed a truck packed with explosives into an outer security checkpost of NATO’s Forward Operating Base Salerno, killing up 14 militants in Khost province. A British soldier was shot dead while on patrol in Helmand province.
    (AFP, 6/1/12)(AFP, 6/2/12)(SFC, 6/2/12, p.A2)

2012        Jun 2, In Afghanistan NATO special forces rescued two foreign women and killed five kidnappers in a "breath-taking" pre-dawn raid on a cave in the remote and mountainous Badakhshan province. Two Afghan colleagues kidnapped with them on May 22 were also freed unharmed.
    (AFP, 6/2/12)

2012        Jun 3, In Afghanistan British forces recovered a kidnapped policeman, but one of their soldiers was killed and another wounded in Helmand province.
    (AP, 6/4/12)

2012        Jun 4, NATO concluded agreements with Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan to allow it to evacuate military equipment from Afghanistan and completely bypass Pakistan.
    (SFC, 6/5/12, p.A2)

2012        Jun 5, In Afghanistan two separate roadside bomb blasts killed five people. This included four policemen killed in Wardak province and a civilian in Ghazni province.
    (AFP, 6/5/12)

2012        Jun 6, In Afghanistan 3 suicide attackers blew themselves up in Kandahar city, killing 22 people and wounding at least 50 others in a dusty marketplace. Afghan officials and residents said a pre-dawn NATO airstrike targeting militants killed 18 people celebrating a wedding, including women and children. A NATO forces spokesman said they had no reports of civilians being killed in the overnight raid to capture a local Taliban leader in Logar province. Provincial Police Chief Gen. Ghulam Sakhi Roogh Lawanay said there was no wedding party. He said the gathering was a meeting of Taliban commanders in the province. Villagers displayed 18 bodies at the provincial capital, including 5 women, 7 children and 6 men. 2 NATO service members were killed in a helicopter crash in Ghazni province.
    (AP, 6/6/12)(AP, 6/7/12)
2012        Jun 6, The Afghan government accused the Taliban of poisoning schoolgirls by bribing students and workers to sneak toxic chemicals into drinking water or spread it around school grounds, sickening scores. 15 suspects have been arrested. National Directorate of Security spokesman Lutfullah Mashal accused Pakistani spies of poisoning the schoolgirls. In July a UN agency expressed concern that torture may have been used to extract confessions over the alleged serial poisoning, which experts say is more likely to be mass hysteria.
    (AP, 6/6/12)(AFP, 6/6/12)(AFP, 7/10/12)

2012        Jun 7, In northern Afghanistan a bomb was detonated on the outside of one of the prison walls in Sar-e-Pul province and 32 prisoners, including criminals and members of the Taliban, escaped through the rubble. Inmates reportedly made the bomb inside the compound and blew up a prison tower. 18 were soon re-captured and 14 remained at large.
    (AP, 6/8/12)(AFP, 6/9/12)
2012        Jun 7, Chinese President Hu Jintao announced an SCO plan whereby China, Russia and four Central Asian states would grant Afghanistan observer status in their regional group. This was announced at the Shanghai Cooperation Organization's annual summit in Beijing.
    (AP, 6/7/12)

2012        Jun 8, In Afghanistan NATO commander General John Allen flew to Logar province "to see local leaders and the population to apologize and offer condolences to the families," of those killed in a June 6 airstrike.
    (AFP, 6/8/12)

2012        Jun 9, The Afghan government sacked five officials for "negligence" after 32 prisoners, including members of the Taliban, escaped on June 7 when gunmen attacked a jail. A suspected Taliban suicide bomber wearing a burqa killed 4 French soldiers and wounded five others in an attack on a convoy of NATO-led troops in Kapisa province.
    (AFP, 6/9/12)

2012        Jun 11, In northern Afghanistan an ambulance struck a roadside bomb while rushing a pregnant woman and her family to a hospital, killing four of her family members. The woman delivered her baby a few hours later. Earlier today two women and two children were killed in the east when a mortar fired by insurgents hit their home in Ghazni province. NATO said it is limiting airstrikes against houses to self-defense for troops, following a strike last week that killed women and children alongside insurgents.
    (AP, 6/11/12)(SFC, 6/12/12, p.A2)
2012        Jun 11, In Afghanistan 2 shallow earthquakes less than half an hour apart shook the mountainous Hindu Kush region, starting a slide of debris that smashed into a remote village, burying mudbrick houses to a depth of up to 100 meters. Over 70 people were feared killed.
    (AFP, 6/12/12)

2012        Jun 12, Afghanistan Pres. Karzai declared that NATO aircraft can no longer fire at homes under any circumstances. Taliban bomb attacks killed at least eight people, including women and children in Balkh and Wardak provinces.
    (SFC, 6/13/12, p.A2)(AFP, 6/12/12)

2012        Jun 14, In Afghanistan neighbors and regional heavyweights met in Kabul to try to tackle common threats and problems together. The one-day conference included Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, China, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, United Arab Emirates and Uzbekistan. Representatives of 15 other countries, most of them Western, and a dozen regional and international organizations were also attending. 3 border police officers were killed when their truck hit a roadside bomb in Nangarhar province. An officer with the national intelligence service was killed in a suicide bombing in Kunar province.
    (AP, 6/14/12)
2012        Jun 14, Britain’s Ministry of Defense said a British soldier has been killed in a grenade attack in southern Afghanistan. This brought to 418 the number of British troops killed since operations in Afghanistan began in October 2001.
    (AFP, 6/14/12)

2012        Jun 18, In southern Afghanistan individuals dressed in Afghan police uniforms turned their guns on their US partners, leaving one American service member dead and nine other US troops injured.
    (AP, 6/19/12)

2012        Jun 19, In southern Afghanistan militants stormed a NATO military base in Kandahar province. All 7 attackers were reported killed. 3 policemen were killed and 9 others were injured during an hour-long gun battle that ensued after militants attacked a police checkpoint in Kandahar City. 8 civilians died in a roadside bomb explosion in Helmand province.
    (AP, 6/19/12)

2012        Jun 20, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide bomber attacked US and Afghan forces at a checkpoint in Khost, killing 21 people, including 3 US soldiers. In Logar province 7 civilians, including 3 women and 4 children, were killed by a roadside bomb.
    (AP, 6/20/12)

2012        Jun 22, In Afghan a 12-hour long rampage ended after heavily armed insurgents stormed into the Spozhmai hotel at Qargha Lake north of Kabul and opened fire on guests inside, killing 18 people, most civilians. Police said 5 Taliban attackers were shot and killed. 2 NATO service members were killed by insurgents in the south.
    (AP, 6/22/12)

2012        Jun 23, Afghan Pres. Karzai called for subjects such as medicine and engineering to be taught in international languages such as English or German, and invited foreign institutions to come and fund Afghan faculties. One NATO service member died in an insurgent attack and another in a bomb blast. Authorities said flash floods in the north have killed at least 37 people.
    (AP, 6/24/12)(AFP, 6/24/12)(SSFC, 6/24/12, p.A4)

2012        Jun 24, In Afghanistan  2 NATO service members died in a traffic accident in the south.
    (AP, 6/24/12)

2012        Jun 26, In Afghanistan a militants' ambush killed 4 police on patrol in Herat province.
    (AFP, 6/27/12)

2012        Jun 27, In Afghanistan 4 policemen were killed in the Musa Qala district of Helmand province when a roadside bomb they were trying to defuse exploded. Another roadside blast killed two policemen and wounded two others in Kunduz province.
    (AFP, 6/27/12)

2012        Jun 29, In eastern Afghanistan suicide bombers blew themselves up at the gate of a government compound, opening the way for armed insurgents to storm the facility and touching off an hours-long gunbattle that left 10 people dead in Nuristan province. The dead included 4 women, 3 policemen and 3 members of a government-sponsored militia. The gunfight finally ended when the last of 17 militants were killed in the late afternoon. Four children, aged between six and ten, found an "unexploded ordnance" in Pajwayi district of Kandahar province and brought it home. They were playing with it when it exploded killing all four.
    (AP, 6/29/12)(AFP, 6/30/12)
2012        Jun 29, The IMF said Afghanistan has made progress on structural reforms despite a difficult environment, as it approved the release of $18.2 million in new funds under its loan program.
    (AFP, 6/29/12)

2012        Jun 30, In Afghanistan an explosive strapped to a bicycle went off near a Kabul Bank branch in Gardez killing 2 policemen.
    (AP, 6/30/12)

2012        Jul 1, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed five civilians, including women and children, riding in a bus near Ghazni city. Another 11 were wounded. 3 British soldiers were shot dead by a man in Afghan police uniform at a checkpoint in Nahr-e-Saraj in Helmand province, where they were meeting local elders.
    (AP, 7/1/12)(AFP, 7/2/12)
2012        Jul 1, In Pakistan US missiles fired from a drone in North Waziristan killed eight suspected militants. The latest attack killed fighters loyal to militant commander Hafiz Gul Bahadur. Dozens of militants based in Afghanistan attacked a checkpost in Upper Dir, a district in the government-controlled part of Pakistan, for the second time in eight days. 6 militants were reported killed.
    (AP, 7/1/12)(AFP, 7/2/12)

2012        Jul 2, In Afghanistan a suicide car bomber killed 7 people and wounded 23 near Kandahar University. Logar province spokesman Din Mohammad Darwesh said NATO forces were on a foot patrol in Charkh district when they came under fire from insurgents. He said they called in an airstrike and the bombardment killed three shopkeepers.
    (AP, 7/2/12)
2012        Jul 2, Pakistani officials accused up to 60 Afghan soldiers of crossing into Pakistani territory and sparking clashes that killed two tribesman in Upper Kurram district.
    (AFP, 7/2/12)

2012        Jul 3, A man in Afghan army uniform opened fire on NATO soldiers at a military base near Kabul, wounding five. The attacker fled the area.
    (AFP, 7/4/12)

2012        Jul 4, In Afghanistan the French military handed over Kapisa province to local forces, completing an important stage in France's accelerated withdrawal from the war-torn country.
    (AFP, 7/4/12)

2012        Jul 5, The first trucks supplying NATO troops in Afghanistan crossed the border from Pakistan after Islamabad ended a 7-month blockade. 560,000 rupees ($6,000) compensation per vehicle would be paid to the truck owners by NATO subcontractors.
    (AFP, 7/5/12)(AFP, 7/6/12)

2012        Jul 6, In Afghanistan a bomb blast killed three children and wounded two others in the Gereshk district of Helmand province.
    (AFP, 7/7/12)

2012        Jul 7, The Obama administration declared Afghanistan the United States' newest "major non-NATO ally," an action designed to facilitate close defense cooperation after US combat troops withdraw from the country in 2014. Afghanistan was the 15th such country to receive the designation.
    (AP, 7/7/12)
2012        Jul 7, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb ripped through a pickup truck in the Chora district of Uruzgan province killing six people. Another bomb exploded in the Gereshk district of Helmand province, killing one child and wounding another. A rocket attack targeting the governor's office in Farah province killed one civilian and wounded 26 others. A NATO service member was killed in southern Afghanistan in a roadside bomb explosion.
    (AFP, 7/7/12)(AP, 7/8/12)
2012        Jul 7, A video obtained by Reuters showed a man shooting dead a woman accused of adultery in front of a crowd near Kabul. Provincial Governor Basir Salangi said the video was shot a week ago in the village of Qimchok in Shinwari district. Salangi said two Taliban commanders were sexually involved with the woman, either through rape or romantically, and decided to torture her and then kill her to settle a dispute between the two of them.
    (Reuters, 7/7/12)

2012        Jul 8, In Afghanistan roadside bombs killed 18 civilians, including 7 women, traveling in three vehicles in southern Kandahar province close to the Pakistan border. A NATO service member was killed in southern Afghanistan during an insurgent attack. 5 Afghan policemen were killed while responding to a gun battle being waged against insurgents at a checkpoint in the Musa Qala district of Helmand province. 6 Americans were killed when their armored vehicle struck a bomb planted in Wardak province.
    (AFP, 7/8/12)(AP, 7/8/12)(AP, 7/9/12)
2012        Jul 8, Donor nations meeting in Tokyo pledged $16 billion for Afghanistan to prevent the country from sliding back into turmoil when foreign combat troops depart, but called on Kabul to implement reforms to fight graft. The conference hosted representatives from about 80 nations and international organizations in a gathering aimed at adopting the "Tokyo Declaration," pledging support and cash.
    (AFP, 7/8/12)

2012        Jul 9, Afghan suicide bombers in Kandahar city killed 2 children and wounded 6 others, when their explosive vests detonated prematurely as they went to attack police. 3 insurgents were killed after they launched an attack on Kandahar city police headquarters. A suicide bomber on a bicycle tried to attack a police vehicle in Shibirghan, the capital of Jawzjan province. The explosive-laden bicycle detonated before reaching its target and wounded 24 civilians and 2 police. Gunmen assassinated a chief prosecutor in Ghazni province.
    (AFP, 7/9/12)(AP, 7/9/12)

2012        Jul 12, In Pakistan dozens of militants coming from Afghanistan took scores of villagers hostage in the northwest Bajur tribal area, sparking fighting that killed at least 10 people. Pakistani Taliban spokesman Ahsanullah Ahsan claimed responsibility for the attack, saying it was revenge for police torture of their fighters in prison. The militants fled that night leaving their hostages behind. Gunmen in Lahore shot dead nine Pakistani police prison staff as they slept. Pakistan's main umbrella Taliban faction claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 7/12/12)(AFP, 7/12/12)(AP, 7/13/12)

2012        Jul 13, In western Afghanistan, Abdul Salam Rahimi, the mayor of Shindand district in Herat province, was assassinated by two gunmen on a motorbike. A civilian, who was wounded in the shooting, later died at a hospital. The Laghman provincial women's affairs director, Hanifa Safi, was killed when a bomb attached to her vehicle exploded, critically wounding her husband and daughter.
    (AP, 7/14/12)(AFP, 7/15/12)

2012        Jul 14, In northern Afghanistan a suicide bomber blew himself up in a wedding hall. 23 people were killed including Ahmad Khan Samangani, a prominent warlord-turned-politician who was greeting wedding guests, and three security officials in Aybak, the capital of Samangan province. 2 NATO service members were killed in eastern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 7/14/12)(AFP, 7/15/12)(AP, 7/17/12)

2012        Jul 16, Afghan soldier Abdul Sabor was sentenced to death for killing four French troops on Jan 20, 2012, in eastern Afghanistan. Insurgents twice ambushed the convoy of Nuristan provincial Gov. Tamim Nuristani, but he escaped unharmed both times. One policeman was killed in the 2nd ambush. A magnetic bomb attached to the vehicle of the chief of Khan Abad district of Kunar province exploded, killing one policeman and wounding eight civilians.
    (AP, 7/17/12)

2012        Jul 17, Two Afghan police and three civilians were killed when their vehicle hit a roadside bomb in Bati Kot district of eastern Nangarhar province. 9 Afghan soldiers were killed in an attack by Taliban insurgents on an army post in Helmand province.
    (AP, 7/17/12)(AFP, 7/18/12)

2012        Jul 18, In northern Afghanistan a Taliban bomb attack in Samangan province destroyed 22 fuel tankers carrying supplies for NATO forces. 2 NATO soldiers were killed in an improvised bomb attack in eastern Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 7/18/12)

2012        Jul 19, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed a district police chief and four other policemen in Uruzgan province.
    (AP, 7/20/12)

2012        Jul 21, In eastern Afghanistan a NATO service member died in an insurgent attack. Taliban insurgents whipped two men 40 times in public in a village south of Kabul after accusing them of attempting to kidnap a young boy for ransom.
    (AFP, 7/22/12)
2012        Jul 21, Nearly 400 rockets and shells were fired into Afghanistan and killed at least four people in Dangam district along the border with Pakistan.
    (AP, 7/22/12)

2012        Jul 22, In Afghanistan roadside bombs killed 2 NATO service members in the east and 2 more in the south. NATO said that it killed a number of insurgents with an airstrike in the Mohammad Agha district of eastern Logar province. The bodies of 5 kidnapped Afghan men, working a base joint operated by Afghan and NATO forces, were discovered in Wardak province. An Afghan policeman killed 3 civilian contractors, 2 Americans and a British citizen, working for NATO in Herat province.
    (AP, 7/22/12)(AFP, 7/23/12)(SFC, 7/23/12, p.A2)(SFC, 7/24/12, p.A2)

2012        Jul 23, An Afghan army soldier turned his gun on his NATO colleagues injuring two US troops in Faryab province. Gunmen killed 3 people in an ambush on a van in northern Parvan province, including an American electrical engineer who had lived in the country for decades.
    (AFP, 7/23/12)(AP, 7/24/12)

2012        Jul 24, In Afghanistan at least six children were killed after a bomb exploded in the central Ghor province.
    (AFP, 7/24/12)

2012        Jul 26, Afghan President Hamid Karzai, who is under pressure from the international community to do more to battle corruption, issued an ambitious list of government reforms that orders his ministries, prosecutors and judiciary to fight bribery, nepotism and cronyism. A bomb in the south killed 2 NATO service members.
    (AP, 7/27/12)(SFC, 7/27/12, p.A2)

2012        Jul 28, In Afghanistan two NATO service members were killed in an insurgent attack in the east of the country.
    (AP, 7/28/12)

2012        Jul 31, In eastern Afghanistan insurgents pulled four civilians off a minibus, shot them and left their bodies on the side of the road.
    (AP, 8/1/12)
2012        Jul 31, Pakistan signed a deal with the United States allowing NATO convoys to travel into Afghanistan until the end of 2015, seeking to draw a line under a 7-month border blockade.
    (AFP, 7/31/12)

2012        Aug 2, In Afghanistan five insurgents linked to the Haqqani network were killed in a pre-dawn gunbattle in an area of Kabul home to Western embassies.
    (AFP, 8/2/12)

2012        Aug 3, In Afghanistan a remote-controlled bomb in a busy market killed two policemen and one civilian in the country's northwest. Officials looked for a member of a government-backed village defense force suspected of killing 11 civilians at a house in Uruzgan province.
    (AP, 8/3/12)(AP, 8/4/12)

2012        Aug 4, The Afghan parliament voted to dismiss the country's defense and interior ministers, a move that threatens to throw the country's security apparatus into confusion as foreign forces withdraw. Two New Zealand soldiers were killed and six wounded in a battle in Bamiyan province.
    (AP, 8/4/12)(AFP, 8/5/12)

2012        Aug 5, In Afghanistan NATO forces killed Sher Mohammad Hakimi, a leader of the Haqqani insurgent group, in an airstrike in Logar province.
    (AP, 8/6/12)

2012        Aug 6, In Afghanistan a bomb strapped to a donkey by Taliban insurgents killed a district police chief and wounded three others in Charsada, Ghor province.
    (AFP, 8/7/12)

2012        Aug 7, In Afghanistan an American soldier was killed when two individuals wearing Afghan National Army uniforms turned their weapons against ISAF service members in Paktia province. 9 civilians were killed in a roadside bomb explosion on the outskirts of Kabul. A suicide truck bomb attack was launched against a NATO base south of the capital. A French soldier and around 10 Taliban fighters were killed in an early morning ambush and subsequent firefight during a joint operation with the Afghan army in Kapisa province near Kabul.
    (AFP, 8/7/12)(AFP, 8/10/12)

2012        Aug 8, In eastern Afghanistan two suicide attackers hit a NATO patrol, killing 3 American coalition service members and USAID foreign service officer Ragaei Abdelfattah. Afghan officials added that a civilian was also killed in the bombing in Kunar province. On Nov 12, 2015, Army Captain Florent Groberg (32) was awarded the US Medal of Honor for tackling a suicide bomber and saving members of his patrol.
    (AP, 8/8/12)(AP, 8/10/12)(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Florent_Groberg)

2012        Aug 9, An Afghan soldier turned his weapon on NATO allies in Laghman province. No ISAF soldiers were killed as they returned fire, killing the attacker.
    (AFP, 8/9/12)

2012        Aug 10, In southern Afghanistan two Afghans, including a policeman, shot and killed six US service members in separate attacks in Helmand province. Elsewhere in Helmand province six Afghan civilians were killed when their car hit a roadside bomb.
    (AP, 8/10/12)(AP, 8/11/12)

2012        Aug 11, In southwestern Afghanistan a member of the Afghan National Police opened fire at his colleagues at a checkpoint in Nimroz province, killing 11 of his fellow policemen before being killed in an ensuing gunbattle. A Taliban attack on a police checkpoint sparked a gunbattle that left two police officers and two Afghan civilians dead in Kandahar province. Security forces arrested 4 Afghans and a Pakistani in Kabul, foiling an insurgent plot.
    (AP, 8/11/12)(AP, 8/12/12)(SFC, 8/13/12, p.A3)(AP, 8/14/12)

2012        Aug 12, In eastern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed district government chief Faridullah Niazi and three of his bodyguards in Laghman province.
    (AP, 8/12/12)

2012        Aug 13, In Afghanistan a remote-controlled roadside bomb exploded killing 5 people, including provincial peace councilor Mohammad Hashim and Abdul Aziz, the mayor of Ishkamesh district, Takhar province. Insurgent gunmen also attacked the convoy of the same district's police chief and chief administrator, sparking a battle on the road. 2 Taliban gunmen were killed in the fighting and another was captured. An Afghan policeman opened fire on NATO forces and Afghan soldiers in Nangarhar province in the fifth attack reported in a week by Afghan security forces on their international partners. No coalition service members were killed. At least one Afghan intelligence agent was wounded and the shooter escaped.
    (AP, 8/13/12)

2012        Aug 14, In Afghanistan suicide attacks involving as many as 14 bombers killed at least 27 people in Nimroz province. Police killed and captured several of them. A separate market bombing in Kunduz province, killed 10 people, including five children. In the east a car hit a roadside bomb killing 4 children in Paktika province. The day’s death toll reached 50 including 11 police and 39 civilians. At least 110 people were wounded in all the attacks.
    (AP, 8/14/12)(AP, 8/15/12)

2012        Aug 15, In eastern Afghanistan 2 grenades exploded inside a mosque compound during morning prayers in Khost province, wounding at least 9 worshippers.
    (AP, 8/15/12)

2012        Aug 16, In Afghanistan Taliban fighters reportedly shot down a NATO helicopter during a firefight in Kandahar province. 11 people were killed in the crash, including 7 Americans and 4 Afghans. An Afghan army vehicle hit a roadside bomb in Baghlan province, killing 3 Afghan soldiers and wounding 3 others.
    (AP, 8/16/12)(SFC, 8/17/12, p.A3)

2012        Aug 17, Two Afghan security personnel opened fire on Western colleagues, killing two US soldiers and causing a number of other casualties in two separate attacks in Farah province. The attacker was shot and killed. Hours later ISAF confirmed that "a number" of foreign and Afghan soldiers were shot and wounded by an Afghan soldier in the southern province of Kandahar. A British died as a result of enemy action while on sentry duty in the Nahri Saraj district of Helmand province.
    (AFP, 8/17/12)(AP, 8/18/12)

2012        Aug 18, In Afghanistan a bomb in a busy market killed four people in the western province of Herat. The director of a prison in Helmand province's Grish district, Mohammad Ismail, died when a bomb attached to his car exploded.
    (AP, 8/18/12)

2012        Aug 19, In Afghanistan attackers killed two pairs of brothers in Helmand and Farah provinces with links to the government. NATO reported 3 service members killed in the east. An airstrike by coalition forces in the northeast killed as many as 50 Taliban fighters and a local insurgent leader in Kunar province. 2 Afghan policemen turned their weapons on US troops in Kandahar province, killing an American service member. One of the attackers was killed when the troops returned fire and the other escaped.
    (AP, 8/19/12)(AP, 8/20/12)

2012        Aug 20, In Afghanistan three Afghans from a politically connected family were killed when their car struck a roadside bomb in the eastern province of Paktia.
    (AP, 8/20/12)

2012        Aug 23, In eastern Afghanistan insurgents kidnapped three Afghan soldiers and another man from a bus and killed all four in Paktia province. 6 civilians were killed when their vehicle hit a roadside bomb as they traveled in the southern province of Kandahar.
    (AP, 8/24/12)

2012        Aug 24, A NATO strike in Afghanistan's eastern Kunar province killed Mullah Dadullah, the self-proclaimed Taliban leader in Pakistan's Bajur tribal area. Pakistani intelligence officials said Dadullah and 19 others were killed in the attack.
    (AP, 8/25/12)

2012        Aug 26, In Afghan insurgents attacked a large party in a Taliban-controlled area of Helmand province and beheaded 17 people. 10 Afghan soldiers were killed in an attack on a checkpoint in the south, and five were either kidnapped or joined their assailants. In Ghor province in the east, officials said three students were killed in what looked like a revenge killing by the family of a Taliban commander who died recently in an explosion.
    (AP, 8/27/12)
2012        Aug 26, In northwest Pakistan dozens of militants from Afghanistan attacked an anti-Taliban militia post in the Bajur tribal area for the third day, sparking fighting that killed one soldier and 20 militants. Locals and officials said thousands of people have fled North Waziristan in recent days, fearing a military offensive against Islamist militants.
    (AP, 8/26/12)(AFP, 8/26/12)

2012        Aug 27, In Afghanistan 2 American soldiers were shot and killed by one of their Afghan colleagues in Laghman province. A NATO helicopter crashed in Logar province, but NATO said no one was killed.
    (AP, 8/27/12)(AP, 8/28/12)

2012        Aug 28, Afghan authorities said a "massive" suicide truck bombing in Kandahar city killed four civilians and wounded the provincial police chief overnight.
    (AFP, 8/28/12)

2012        Aug 29, In Afghanistan five Australian soldiers were killed, three when an Afghan soldier turned his gun on them inside a base in Uruzgan province and two from a helicopter crash. A rocket hit a civilian house in Logar province and killed one woman inside. A 12-year-old boy was kidnapped and killed in southern Kandahar province, his severed head placed near his body to send a warning to police.
    (AP, 8/30/12)(Reuters, 8/31/12)

2012        Aug 30, In Afghanistan insurgent rockets killed five civilians while they were waiting on the side of a road for a bus in Logar province. A 6-year-old girl was beheaded in eastern Kapisa province.
    (AFP, 8/30/12)(Reuters, 8/31/12)

2012        Aug 31, Afghan officials said that a 16-year-old boy accused by the Taliban of spying for the government was beheaded and skinned in late July.
    (Reuters, 8/31/12)

2012        Sep 1, In eastern Afghanistan 2 suicide attackers, one driving a fuel tanker, blew themselves up near a US base, killing at least 12 people in Wardak province. The dead included 8 civilians and 4 Afghan police. 2 US soldiers were killed in Ghazni province.
    (AP, 9/1/12)

2012        Sep 3, In Afghanistan the international military coalition said one of its service members has died in a bomb attack.
    (AP, 9/3/12)

2012        Sep 4, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide bomber killed at least 25 civilians and wounded another 30 at a funeral for a village elder in the village of Shagai in the Durbaba district of Nangarhar province.
    (AP, 9/4/12)
2012        Sep 4, The foreign ministers of Germany and Pakistan signed an agreement in which the two countries committed to a "strategic dialogue" on security issues, particularly regarding Afghanistan.
    (AP, 9/4/12)

2012        Sep 5, Afghanistan's Defense Ministry said it has detained or removed hundreds of soldiers from its military's ranks as part of an investigation into the backgrounds of its troops after a surge in insider attacks against foreign forces. NATO said two of its service members died in a helicopter crash in Logar province.
    (AP, 9/5/12)

2012        Sep 8, In Afghanistan a teenage suicide bomber blew himself up outside NATO headquarters in Kabul, killing at least six civilians in a strike that targeted the heart of the US-led military operation in the country. The Taliban claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 9/8/12)

2012        Sep 9, In western Afghanistan two bomb blasts near the governor's compound in Farah province killed a 12-year-old boy and wounded 16 other civilians. A NATO service member was killed by a roadside bomb in the south.
    (AP, 9/9/12)

2012        Sep 10, In Afghanistan US officials handed over formal control Bagram prison to Kabul. Some 99 percent of 3000 detainees captured before 9 March were transferred to Afghan authority. Shortly after the handover ceremony, a suicide bomber in the northern city of Kunduz killed 15 people and wounded another 25.
    (AP, 9/10/12)

2012        Sep 11, Afghan insurgents bombarded the US Bagram Air Field and destroyed a NATO helicopter, killing three Afghan intelligence employees. There were also NATO personnel aboard and wounded, the coalition said without providing further details. A teenage suicide bomber walked into a shop in Herat province and blew himself up, killing five people.
    (AP, 9/11/12)

2012        Sep 14, Hundreds of Afghans, some shouting "Death to America," burned the US flag and an effigy of President Barack Obama during a protest against an anti-Islam film outside the eastern city of Jalalabad. Heavily armed insurgents attacked the British Camp Bastion air base in Helmand province, killing two US Marines and wounding several other troops. 6 Harrier fighter jets were destroyed. 14 insurgents were killed.
    (AP, 9/14/12)(AP, 9/16/12)
2012        Sep 14, In eastern Afghanistan a bus and truck collided and burst into flames in Ghazni province, killing at least 51 people.
    (AP, 9/14/12)

2012        Sep 15, In southern Afghanistan a man believed to be a member of the Afghan local police turned his weapon on US-led coalition forces, killing two British soldiers in Helmand province.
    (AP, 9/15/12)(AP, 9/16/12)

2012        Sep 16, An Afghan police officer turned his gun on NATO troops at a remote checkpoint in the south of the country before dawn, killing four American troops. Airstrikes by NATO planes reportedly killed 8 women and girls in Laghman province. NATO forces said that the strike killed a large number of insurgents, as many as 45, but may have also killed civilians. Gen. John Allen ordered a temporary scaling back of joint operations with Afghan police and soldiers.
    (AP, 9/16/12)(Economist, 9/22/12, p.50)

2012        Sep 17, In Afghanistan hundreds of protesters  burned cars and threw rocks at a US military base in Kabul.
    (SFC, 9/18/12, p.A4)

2012        Sep 18, In Afghanistan a female suicide bomb attack on a minivan carrying foreign workers that killed 12 people. Afghan militants claimed responsibility saying it was retaliation for a film mocking the Prophet Mohammad.
    (Reuters, 9/18/12)

2012        Sep 20, US officials said the last of the US surge troops have left Afghanistan. This left 68,000 American forces still in the war zone.
    (SFC, 9/21/12, p.A2)

2012        Sep 22, NATO said a service member with the international military force in Afghanistan has been killed in an insurgent attack in the eastern part of the country.
    (AP, 9/22/12)

2012        Sep 26, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide attack on a NATO patrol killed two service members in the U.S.-led coalition in Logar province.
    (AP, 9/26/12)

2012        Sep 29, In western Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed two policemen in Herat province, just hours before a ceremony to hand a nearby police training academy over from NATO to Afghan control. An Afghan soldier turned his gun on American troops at a checkpoint in Wardak province, killing two Americans and at least two fellow members of Afghanistan's army. The shooting marked the 2,000th US troop death in the long-running war.
    (AP, 9/29/12)(AP, 9/30/12)

2012        Oct 1, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber driving a motorcycle packed with explosives rammed his bike into a joint Afghan-American patrol in Khost city, killing at least 14 people including three US troops and their translator.
    (AP, 10/1/12)

2012        Oct 6, In eastern Afghanistan insurgents killed two American troops in Wardak province, an area that has seen heavy fighting in recent months. An Afghan policeman was killed and another was wounded when a remote-controlled bomb planted on a motorbike was detonated in Sangin district of Helmand province. A roadside bomb killed another Afghan policeman in Kandahar city.
    (AP, 10/6/12)

2012        Oct 8, In Afghanistan a bomb hidden in a parked minibus exploded outside a government building, killing two Afghan intelligence officers in Lashkar Gah, Helmand province.
    (AP, 10/8/12)
2012        Oct 8, In Afghanistan Caitlan Coleman (27), an American woman disappeared with her Canadian husband, Josh. They were passing through Wardak while traveling from Ghazni province south of Kabul to the capital.
    (AP, 12/30/12)

2012        Oct 13, In southern Afghanistan 6 people, including 2 Americans, were killed an attack where a suicide bomber on a motorbike blew himself up at a local intelligence office in Kandahar province. The bomber wore a uniform of Afghanistan's National Directorate of Security, or NDS. A second attack killed two Afghan policemen and left three others wounded in Qalat, the capital of neighboring Zabul province. A NATO service member with the US-led coalition was killed in a roadside bombing in the south.
    (AP, 10/13/12)(AP, 10/16/12)

2012        Oct 14, Afghan counternarcotics police poured gasoline on more than 24 tons of narcotics and other illegal substances, then set the pile ablaze on the outskirts of Kabul.
    (AP, 10/14/12)

2012        Oct 15, Russia said it is appealing to the Afghan authorities and the public to provide information on some 265 Soviet troops — including 30-40 who may still be alive — listed as missing since Soviet forces ended their occupation of Afghanistan in 1989.
    (AP, 10/15/12)

2012        Oct 16, Afghanistan's security service denied claims that a suicide bomber who killed two American troops and four Afghans on Oct 13 was a member of the country's intelligence agency.
    (AP, 10/16/12)

2012        Oct 17, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide car bomber blew up his vehicle near the gate of a US-Afghan combat outpost, wounding 10 Afghan soldiers.
    (AP, 10/17/12)

2012        Oct 19, In northern Afghanistan an explosion from a roadside bomb tore into a minibus carrying people to a wedding, leaving 19 dead and 16 wounded. Separately six football fans died and 36 were injured when their bus collided with a fuel tanker on a narrow road about 400 km (240 miles) northwest of Kabul.
    (AP, 10/19/12)

2012        Oct 20, Afghan officials said an Afghan police officer and cook poisoned two colleagues at a checkpoint in an assault coordinated with insurgent fighters who killed 4 other officers in Helmand province. Another Taliban attack in Helmand killed two district community council members. A Taliban-fired rocket-propelled grenades destroyed a warehouse full of food destined for the Bagram US base.
    (AP, 10/20/12)

2012        Oct 21, In Afghanistan a NATO raid in Logar province reportedly killed four children.
    (AP, 10/23/12)

2012        Oct 22, In Afghanistan Taliban insurgents killed 10 Afghan troops in an ambush in western Herat province. Afghan police said a man in Herat has confessed to stabbing his wife to death to prevent her from taking a job outside the home.
    (AP, 10/23/12)(AP, 10/22/12)

2012        Oct 23, In Afghanistan an American service member was killed in an insurgent attack in the east.
    (AP, 10/23/12)

2012        Oct 24, In Afghanistan two British troops and an Afghan policeman were gunned down in Helmand province.
    (AP, 10/26/12)

2012        Oct 25, In Afghanistan a man in an Afghan police uniform shot and killed two American service members in Uruzgan province.
    (AP, 10/25/12)

2012        Oct 26, In northern Afghanistan a suicide bomber blew himself up outside a mosque, killing 41 people and wounding 23 in Maymana, Faryab province. Taliban militants pulled five Afghan civilians off a bus in Ghazni province and shot them dead.
    (AP, 10/26/12)(AP, 10/27/12)

2012        Oct 29, In Afghanistan a pre-dawn Afghan army and NATO raid in the eastern province of Ghazni killed four Taliban and three civilian bystanders.
    (AP, 10/29/12)

2012        Oct 30, In southern Afghanistan a man wearing an Afghan police uniform killed two NATO troops.
    (AP, 10/30/12)

2012        Nov 1, In southern Afghanistan a US service member was killed in an insurgent attack.
    (AP, 11/2/12)

2012        Nov 2, In Afghanistan 4 Afghan police officers were shot dead in southern Helmand province in an insider attack by their colleagues.
    (AP, 11/2/12)

2012        Nov 3, In Afghanistan Rahmatullah Khan, district police chief in Kandahar province, died while trying to reach a police outpost under Taliban attack.
    (AP, 11/3/12)

2012        Nov 8, In Afghanistan 10 civilians, including a child and four men, died as their vehicle struck a land mine in Helmand province. A suicide bomber on a motorcycle blew himself up amid a police patrol in Kandahar city, killing the 3 policemen and wounding two. 5 troops died when their convoy hit a land mine in Laghman province. 2 boys were killed by a roadside bomb in Zabul province.
    (AP, 11/8/12)

2012        Nov 9, In eastern Afghanistan a NATO service member was killed in an insurgent attack. Another died as a result of a non-battle related injury in the country's south.
    (AP, 11/9/12)

2012        Nov 11, In Afghanistan a gunman wearing an Afghan army uniform shot and killed a member of the US-led coalition forces in Helmand province. 11 Afghan civilians were killed by land mines in explosions in the east and south.
    (AP, 11/11/12)
 2012        Nov 11, Afghan forces of killed at least four Pakistani civilians in a cross-border shelling attack. Pakistani intelligence officials and a local resident put the death toll at five, four men and a child.
    (AP, 11/12/12)

2012        Nov 12, In Afghanistan an international military coalition service member was been killed in an insurgent attack in the country's east.
    (AP, 11/12/12)

2012        Nov 13, In Afghanistan at least four rockets were fired into Kabul, killing one man and injuring three other people.
    (AP, 11/13/12)

2012        Nov 14, Afghan police say Taliban insurgents have shot and killed two young Afghan men who were working as translators for NATO forces in Logar province.
    (AP, 11/14/12)
2012        Nov 14, Pakistan freed at least seven Taliban prisoners at the request of the Afghan government and agreed to free many more, in a move meant to help jumpstart a shaky peace process with the militant group in neighboring Afghanistan.
    (AP, 11/14/12)(SFC, 11/16/12, p.A3)

2012        Nov 16, In western Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed 17 civilians traveling to a wedding in Farah province. 2 service members with the US-led military coalition were killed by a roadside bomb in eastern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 11/16/12)

2012        Nov 19, A spokesman for Afghan Pres, Karzai told reporters that more than 70 detainees continue to be held by the Americans despite being ordered released by Afghan courts.
    (AP, 11/19/12)

2012        Nov 20, In western Afghanistan a bombing in Farah province killed, Noor Mohammad Jahani, a former Taliban commander who had left the insurgency two years ago and joined the Afghan police force.
    (AP, 11/20/12)
2012        Nov 20, In Afghanistan 8 prisoners were hanged. Pres. Karzai had signed off on the execution of 16 prisoners. The remaining 8 were executed the next day.
    (SFC, 11/21/12, p.A2)
2012        Nov 20, France ended its combat operations in Afghanistan, pulling hundreds of troops from a base in a volatile region northeast of Kabul and fulfilling promises to end its combat role on a faster track than other NATO allies.
    (AP, 11/20/12)
2012        Nov 20, A UN report said Afghan efforts to stamp out opium poppy cultivation are failing because of high prices for the illicit crop, pushing farmers to grow 18 percent more in 2012 than last year.
    (AP, 11/20/12)

2012        Nov 21, In Afghanistan two men wearing suicide vests blew themselves up near a US base in Kabul, killing two Afghan guards in the heart of a neighborhood filled with foreign forces and embassies.
    (AP, 11/21/12)
2012        Nov 21, In Afghanistan Sayid Mohammad (23), a farmer from Karim Dad village, was arrested by US Army A Team members. His footless body was found on May 21, 2013, near a former US Special Forces base in Wardak province.
    (SFC, 5/22/13, p.A3)

2012        Nov 23, In  eastern Afghanistan a Taliban suicide bomber detonated a truck full of explosives, killing three Afghan civilians and wounding more than 90 people, including several Afghan and NATO troops in Maidan Shahr, Wardak province. Police in Kabul were reported to have arrested two men with four explosive vests.
    (AP, 11/23/12)

2012        Nov 24, In Afghanistan a fight between Shiite and Sunni students broke out at Kabul Univ. killing one student and injuring six others. Classes were postponed for 10 days.
    (AP, 11/24/12)

2012        Nov 26, In eastern Afghanistan several thousand university students demonstrated to denounce Israel's recent offensive in the Gaza Strip, burning Israeli and US flags as well as a Christian cross. A bomb strapped to a bicycle exploded, wounding 26 civilians in Khost. A service member with the international military coalition was killed in a roadside bombing in the south.
    (AP, 11/26/12)

2012        Nov 27, An Afghan girl (14) was beheaded and killed in an attack by two men, one of whom apparently asked her to marry him. Gasitina, a student, was beheaded in the Imam Sahib district of Kunduz province. The two men were arrested.
    (Lookout, 11/30/12)

2012        Nov 28, An int’l. investigating committee reported that a small clique of executives and shareholders had run Afghanistan’s Kabul Bank for their own enrichment. When the bank failed in 2010 over 90% of its loan book was extended to just 12 individuals and their companies.
    (Econ, 12/1/12, p.47)

2012        Nov 29, In Afghanistan 2 roadside bombs exploded in Khost and Uruzgan provinces, killing at least 12 people and injuring 16 others.
    (AP, 11/29/12)

2012        Nov 30, Pakistan agreed to free more Taliban prisoners in the future, a move considered a key step to coaxing the militant group into peace negotiations to end the 11-year-old war in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 11/30/12)

2012        Nov, In Afghanistan Pierre Borghi, a freelance French photographer, was kidnapped in Kabul. His release was confirmed on April 8, 2013.
    (AP, 4/8/13)

2012        Dec 1, In southern Afghanistan a suicide car bomber killed three civilians and wounded another six in Uruzgan province. In Kapisa province Hanisa (22), a female vaccine worker, was shot to death by 3 men on a motorcycle on her first day of work to vaccinate children against polio.
    (AP, 12/1/12)(SSFC, 12/9/12, p.A24)

2012        Dec 2, In eastern Afghanistan Taliban suicide bombers attacked Forward Operating Base Fenty, a joint US-Afghan air base in Jalalabad city, detonating explosives at the gate and sparking a gunbattle that lasted at least two hours. 9 attackers and 3 Afghan security members were killed.
    (AP, 12/2/12)(SFC, 12/3/12, p.A3)

2012        Dec 3, In Afghanistan two NATO coalition service members were killed in a bomb attack in the country's south.
    (AP, 12/4/12)

2012        Dec 6, In Afghanistan a Taliban suicide bomber posing as a messenger of peace blew himself up near Asadullah Khalid, the newly appointed intelligence chief, seriously wounding him. 5 children were killed and two others were wounded by a mine in Sangin district, Helmand province, while collecting scrap items they hoped to sell.
    (AP, 12/6/12)

2012        Dec 8, Afghan President Hamid Karzai said that the Dec 6 assassination attempt on the country's intelligence chief was planned in Pakistan, but vowed it would not stop him from seeking Islamabad's help in coaxing militants to the negotiating table.
    (AP, 12/8/12)

2012        Dec 9, In eastern Afghanistan Dr. Dilip Joseph, an American doctor abducted by the Taliban five days ago in Kabul province, was rescued in a US-led operation. Petty Officer 1st Class Nicolas Checque (28), a Navy SEAL, died of injuries sustained in the successful rescue of Dr. Joseph.
    (AP, 12/9/12)(AP, 12/10/12)

2012        Dec 10, In Afghanistan a Taliban bombing killed the Afghan provincial police chief of Nimroz province. Gunmen fatally shot and killed Najia Sediqi, the official in charge of women's affairs for the eastern Laghman province. In the south a NATO service member was killed in a bomb attack.
    (AP, 12/10/12)


2012        Dec 11, A US watchdog agency said that Afghan officials were resisting US efforts to help track billions of dollars being flown out of Kabul airport every year, some likely linked to crime and drugs.
    (AP, 12/11/12)
2012        Dec 11, Iran's official news agency reported that the country has closed its consular section in the western Afghan city of Herat, after anti-Iranian protests at the site on Dec 9. Afghan demonstrators were protesting the alleged killing of Afghan emigrants at nearby border crossings in recent months.
    (AP, 12/11/12)

2012        Dec 13, In Afghanistan a suicide car bomber killed two Afghan civilians and wounded 14 others near Kandahar Airfield, the main US military base in the south.
    (AP, 12/13/12)

2012        Dec 17, In Afghanistan a car bomb outside a compound housing a US military contractor on the outskirts of Kabul killed at least two Afghan workers and wounded more than a dozen other people. In Nangarhar province a British-made anti-tank mine, left over from the time of the Soviet invasion, killed ten girls ages 9-11.
    (AP, 12/17/12)(SFC, 12/18/12, p.A3)

2012        Dec 18, In Afghanistan a coalition soldier went missing. Afghan police found the body and turned it over to NATO forces on Dec 29. He was one of 1,560 troops serving from the former Soviet republic of Georgia. 18 Georgian soldiers have been killed since the country joined the international military operations in Afghanistan in August 2009.
    (AP, 12/21/12)(AP, 12/30/12)

2012        Dec 20, In Afghanistan a powerful roadside bomb killed five civilians and two police officers near a police checkpoint in Nimroz province.
    (AP, 12/20/12)

2012        Dec 21, In southwestern Pakistan gunmen killed eleven Pakistanis and Afghans in a border town as they were trying to cross to Iran to travel on to Europe as illegal migrants.
    (AP, 12/22/12)

2012        Dec 22, In Afghanistan US Navy Seal Cmdr. Job W. Price (42) of Pottstown, Pa., died of a noncombat-related injury in Uruzgan province. His death was being investigated as a suicide.
    (AP, 12/24/12)

2012        Dec 24, An Afghan policewoman, identified as Sgt Nargas, walked into a high-security compound in Kabul and killed American contractor Joseph Griffin (49) with a single bullet to the chest, the first such shooting by a woman in a spate of insider attacks by Afghans against their foreign allies. Nargas moved to Afghanistan from Iran 10 years ago after her husband obtained fake documents enabling her to live and work there. The killing came just hours after an Afghan policeman shot five of his colleagues at a checkpoint in Jawzjan province. The attacker then stole his colleague's weapons and fled to join the Taliban.
    (AP, 12/24/12)(AP, 12/25/12)

2012        Dec 26, In eastern Afghanistan a vehicle driven by a suicide bomber exploded at the gate of Camp Chapman, a major US military base, killing the attacker and three Afghans. The Taliban claimed responsibility for the attack in Khost province.
    (AP, 12/26/12)

2012        Dec 31, Pakistan released eight members of the Afghan Taliban from prison, including the former justice minister under the Taliban, in a bid to boost the peace process in neighboring Afghanistan.
    (AP, 12/31/12)

2012        Rajiv Chandrasekaran a journalist embedded with US soldiers (2009-2011) authored “Little America: The War Within the War for Afghanistan."
    (SSFC, 9/2/12, p.F7)

2013        Jan 3, Coalition military officials in Afghanistan said an elite Danish soldier was killed overnight by an explosive device.
    (AP, 1/3/13)

2013        Jan 4, Afghan Police Maj. Jalal Uddin said that 80 prisoners, formerly held by the US, were freed from prisons across the country today, the latest batch of a total of 400 to be released this week. The released prisoners had been captured in operations against the Taliban and other groups.
    (AP, 1/4/13)

2013        Jan 6, In Afghanistan 2 suicide bombers penetrated a government compound killing five people in Spin Boldak, Kandahar province. In Helmand province a bomb planted at a bus station killed one policeman and wounded another person.
    (AP, 1/6/13)

2013        Jan 7, An Afghan soldier turned his weapon against foreign and Afghan troops in a southern province, killing one British soldier. 6 British soldiers were also reported wounded.
    (AP, 1/8/13)

2013        Jan 8, In northern Afghanistan gunmen killed two local government officials in separate attacks in Kunduz province.
    (AP, 1/8/13)

2013        Jan 11, Pres. Barack Obama and Afghan Pres. Hamid Karzai met in Washington to discuss bringing down the curtain in the long Afghan war.
    (AP, 1/12/13)

2013        Jan 13, In Afghanistan an explosion killed 7 villagers as they tried to pull bodies of dead insurgents from the rubble of a village mosque after a night raid by NATO and Afghan troops. Four insurgents and an Afghan soldier were also reported killed in the operation.
    (AP, 1/13/13)

2013        Jan 14, In Afghanistan a soldier from 1st Battalion The Duke of Lancaster's Regiment was wounded by enemy action. He died of his wounds in Birmingham on Jan 16.
    (AP, 1/16/13)

2013        Jan 16, In Afghanistan Taliban suicide bombers in Kabul attacked the gates of the Afghan intelligence agency, killing one person and wounding dozens. 6 suicide bombers died in  the attack.
    (AP, 1/16/13)(SFC, 1/17/13, p.A4)

2013        Jan 20, The United Nations said that Afghan authorities were still torturing prisoners, such as hanging them by their wrists and beating them with cables, a year after the UN first documented the abuse and the Afghan government promised detention reform.
    (AP, 1/20/13)

2013        Jan 21, In Afghanistan 2 Taliban suicide bombers blew themselves up at the gates of the Kabul traffic police headquarters before another group of militants stormed the compound, battling security forces for nine hours in an attack that left 3 policemen and all 5 attackers dead.
    (AP, 1/21/13)

2013        Jan 25, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide car bomber killed five civilians and wounded another 25 in a botched attempt to hit a convoy of NATO supply trucks in kapisa province.
    (AP, 1/25/13)

2013        Jan 26, In Afghanistan 10 policemen died when a suicide bomber driving a motorcycle blew himself up in northern Kunduz province. A remote-controlled bomb planted on a bicycle exploded, killing one police officer and one civilian in the eastern city of Ghazni. A police truck packed with officers and detainees struck a roadside bomb in Kandahar city, killing 10 of those aboard. It was one of four blasts that left at least 24 people dead across the country.
    (AP, 1/26/13)(AP, 1/27/13)

2013        Jan 27, Afghan authorities accused NATO of killing three civilian men in a nighttime ambush in the eastern Logar province. The coalition disputed the account, saying it had no operations in Logar's Baraki Barak district the previous evening. NATO said there were three dead, but they were insurgents killed by Afghan forces.
    (AP, 1/27/13)

2013        Jan 30, In Afghanistan a bomb exploded in an open-air market in Khost province, killing two small children.
    (AP, 1/30/13)

2013        Jan 31, Germany's Parliament voted to extend the country's military mission in Afghanistan by 13 months.
    (AP, 1/31/13)

2013        Feb 2, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed a family of five in Helmand province.
    (AP, 2/3/13)

2013        Feb 3, Afghan police arrested six men and seized suicide vests, assault rifles and more than 50 hand grenades during a raid on a residential building in central Kabul.
    (AP, 2/3/13)
2013        Feb 3, British PM David Cameron met in London with the presidents of Afghanistan and Pakistan for 2 days of talks to discuss prospects for peace with the Taliban.
    (AP, 2/4/13)

2013        Feb 7, In eastern Afghanistan a NATO helicopter crashed in Kapisa province, but no crew members were seriously injured.
    (AP, 2/7/13)

2013        Feb 9, In southern Afghanistan  two women and four men were killed in the blast in the Nad Ali district, Helmand province.
    (AP, 2/9/13)

2013        Feb 10, In Afghanistan US Marine Gen. Joseph Dunford took over as the new and probably last commander of all US and international forces in the country.
    (AP, 2/10/13)

2013        Feb 11, An Afghan government panel acknowledged widespread torture of detainees after a 2-week investigation of a UN report citing rampant abuses.
    (SFC, 2/12/13, p.A2)
2013        Feb 11, The US began its withdrawal from Afghanistan in earnest, sending the first of what will be tens of thousands of containers home through a once-blocked land route through Pakistan.
    (AP, 2/11/13)

2013        Feb 12, President Obama made his State of the Union address. He announced plans with the EU to pursue talks aimed at achieving an overarching trans-Atlantic free trade deal. Obama also said that the first 34,000 troops will leave Afghanistan within a year and more in 2014, when all foreign combat forces are to leave the country.
    (AP, 2/13/13)

2013        Feb 13, In Afghanistan a NATO airstrike struck two houses, killing 10 Afghan civilians and four insurgents in Kunar province near the Pakistani border. President Hamid Karzai condemned the attack. Mahmood, an Afghan soldier-turned-insurgent, who was feted by the Taliban for killing an American soldier during an insider attack on May 11, 2012, was killed along with an accomplice in a raid in Ghaziabad district. Kunar province.
    (AP, 2/13/13)(AP, 2/18/13)

2013        Feb 14, Dozens of Afghan activists and supporters marked Valentine's Day by marching in Kabul to denounce violence against women amid reports that domestic abuse is on the rise.
    (AP, 2/14/13)

2013        Feb 16, Afghan Pres. Karzai issued a decree that orders the prosecution of Afghan security forces involved in torturing prisoners and requires all future interrogations be videotaped.
    (AP, 2/17/13)

2013        Feb 18, Afghan President Hamid Karzai officially banned Afghan security forces from requesting international airstrikes during operations in residential areas.
    (AP, 2/18/13)

2013        Feb 19, NATO and Afghan forces killed at least 25 insurgents and three of their commanders in separate operations around the country.
    (AP, 2/20/13)
2013        Feb 19, Afghan security said intelligence officers have arrested a senior Pakistan Taliban commander. Maulvi Faqir Mohammed was arrested over the weekend in eastern Nangarhar province.
    (AP, 2/19/13)

2013        Feb 21, A Pakistani intelligence official said at least half the Afghan Taliban recently freed from Pakistani prisons have rejoined the insurgency throwing into question the value of such goodwill gestures that the Afghan government requested to restart a flagging peace process.
    (AP, 2/21/13)

2013        Feb 24, Afghanistan's president said all US special forces must leave eastern Wardak province within two weeks because of allegations that Afghans working with them are torturing and abusing other Afghans. Suicide bombers targeted Afghanistan's intelligence agency and other security forces in four coordinated attacks in Kabul and outlying areas, leaving at least 7 dead, including the 4 bombers.
    (AP, 2/24/13)

2013        Feb 26, In Afghanistan Taliban insurgents reportedly poisoned, then shot and killed 17 people as they slept at a local police post in Ghazni province.
    (AP, 2/27/13)

2013        Feb 27, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber slid under a bus full of Afghan soldiers and blew himself up in Kabul, wounding 10.
    (AP, 2/27/13)0

2013        Feb 28, Afghan President Hamid Karzai demanded control of clandestine Afghan armed groups that are linked to US-led forces amid complaints of abuses by the units. A roadside bomb in Kunar province killed nine people, mostly border policemen. Two brothers, 11 and 12, were killed with their 2 donkeys when a coalition helicopter fired at what they thought were insurgent forces in the Shahid-e Hasas district of Uruzgan province.
    (AP, 2/28/13)(SSFC, 2/3/13, p.A7)

2013        Mar 3, In Afghan insurgents attacked a supply convoy and killed one soldier in Badakhshan province. 23 other soldiers were captured. 6 of the soldiers were released following negotiations, but 16 others were executed.
    (SFC, 2/7/13, p.A4)

2013        Mar 5, An Afghan tribunal sentenced two top executives of Kabul Bank, Sherkhan Farnood and Khalilullah Ferozi, to 5 years in prison for misappropriating a combined $808 million. They were among 21 Kabul Bank and government employees found guilty of wrongdoing.
    (SFC, 2/6/13, p.A2)

2013        Mar 8, In eastern Afghanistan 3 men wearing Afghan army uniforms and driving an Afghan army vehicle forced their way onto a US base midday and opened fire, killing a civilian contractor and wounding other US troops in Kapisa province. Afghan police said 5 officers were killed by homemade bombs while carrying out a poppy eradicating campaign in Farah province. 4 Taliban were killed in the ensuing firefight.
    (AP, 3/8/13)(SFC, 2/9/13, p.A2)

2013        Mar 9, In Afghanistan militants staged two suicide attacks that killed at least 19 people in Kabul an d Khost city on the first full day of US Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel's visit.
    (AP, 3/9/13)

2013        Mar 11, In eastern Afghanistan a police officer opened fire on US and Afghan forces at a police headquarters, sparking a firefight that killed two US troops and two other Afghan policemen in Wardak province. The attacker was also killed in the shootout. In a second incident, outside Kabul, US troops fired on a truck approaching their military convoy, killing two Afghan men inside. A helicopter crash outside Kandahar city killed five American service members.
    (AP, 3/11/13)(AP, 3/12/13)

2013        Mar 12, Afghan officials said counternarcotics teams have seized some 23 tons of heroin, morphine and other chemicals in the Sherzad district of Nangarhar province.
    (SFC, 2/13/13, p.A2)

2013        Mar 13, Afghan intelligence agents killed five suspected suicide bombers and arrested two others, all members of the militant Haqqani network, during a raid in which a truck was seized with 7,200 pounds of explosive on the outskirts of Kabul.
    (AP, 3/15/13)
2013        Mar 13, In Afghanistan several people were killed and injured when a suicide bomber blew himself up in a crowd of sports fans watching a buzkashi game in Kunduz province.
    (AP, 3/13/13)

2013        Mar 16, In Afghanistan several hundred demonstrators chanting "US special operations forces out!" marched to the parliament building in Kabul, protesting the continued presence of US commandos in troubled Wardak province. A helicopter crashed killing one member of the US-led coalition and injuring another in Kandahar province.
    (AP, 3/16/13)

2013        Mar 18, Afghan opposition parties, frustrated with the government's lack of progress in making peace with the Taliban, confirmed that they have been talking since the beginning of the year to the Taliban as well as the militant group headed by Gulbuddin Hekmatyar.
    (AP, 3/18/13)

2013        Mar 20, The US military and the Afghan government reached a deal on the pullout of American special operations forces and their Afghan counterparts from Wardak province after complaints that they were involved in human rights abuses.
    (AP, 3/20/13)

2013        Mar 21, In northern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed a district administrator and two of his bodyguards in Takhar province. A member of Afghanistan's government-backed militia program shot and killed five of his colleagues in Badghis province.
    (AP, 3/21/13)(AP, 3/22/13)

2013        Mar 23, The US Pentagon said it has reached an agreement to transfer the Parwan Detention Facility to Afghan control.
    (SSFC, 2/24/13, p.A5)

2013        Mar 25, In Afghanistan the US military gave control of its last local detention facility to Kabul, a year after the two sides initially agreed on the transfer.
    (AP, 3/25/13)

2013        Mar 26, In eastern Afghanistan 8 suicide bombers struck a police headquarters, killing at least five officers in Jalalabad. Taliban spokesman Zabiullah Mujahid claimed responsibility for the attack. A roadside bomb killed two police officers and wounded another in the Nad Ali district of southern Helmand province.
    (AP, 3/26/13)
2013        Mar 26, Afghan and NATO forces killed more than 20 insurgents in a 2-day joint operation in Logar province.
    (AP, 3/27/13)

2013        Mar 27, An Afghan teenager killed US soldier Sgt. Michael Cable (26) in Nangarhar province by stabbing him in the neck while he played with a group of local children. The young man escaped to nearby Pakistan.
    (AP, 4/1/13)

2013        Mar 30, In Afghanistan US special operations forces handed over their base in Nirkh district, Wardak province, to local Afghan special forces.
    (AP, 3/30/13)

2013        Mar 31, Afghan Pres. Hamid Karzai met with the emir of Qatar in Doha to discuss the possible opening of a Taliban office in Qatar.
    (SFC, 4/1/13, p.A4)

2013        Apr 3, In western Afghanistan 55 people, including 9 attackers, were killed in a daylong gunbattle with security forces in Farah province. A NATO airstrike killed 4 policemen and 2 civilians in Ghazni province. An American F-16 fighter jet crashed in eastern Afghanistan, killing the US pilot.
    (AP, 4/3/13)(AP, 4/4/13)

2013        Apr 5, In Afghanistan a bomb attached to a donkey exploded, killing a policeman and wounded three civilians in Laghman province.
    (AP, 4/5/13)
2013        Apr 5, In Afghanistan American contractor David Gordon (38), detained in a contract dispute on April 3, was released. 3 US congressmen, who complained about his detention, said he had been seized without charges and beaten.
    (AP, 4/5/13)
2013        Apr 5, In Iran a road accident killed 18 people, including 15 Afghans, after a truck smuggling fuel slammed into a sedan packed with Afghans who were being brought illegally into the country.
    (AP, 4/5/13)

2013        Apr 6, In southern Afghanistan 3 US service members, 2 US civilians and a doctor were killed in a suicide attack on a convoy in Zabul province. Anne Smedinghoff (25) became the first US diplomat to die in Afghanistan. Another American civilian was killed in a 2-day Afghan-led military operation in Kunar province that left as many as 11 suspected Taliban militants dead including Taliban commander Ali Khan. A related US airstrike killed also killed 17 Afghan civilians, including 12 children. Gen. Martin Dempsey, the US military's top officer, began a weekend visit.
    (AP, 4/6/13)(AP, 4/7/13)(SFC, 4/8/13, p.A2)(AP, 4/13/13)

2013        Apr 8, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb hit a public bus in Wardak province killed at least nine passengers.
    (AP, 4/8/13)

2013        Apr 9, In eastern Afghanistan a NATO helicopter crashed in a field, killing two American service members in Nangarhar province.
    (AP, 4/9/13)

2013        Apr 11, In southern Afghanistan two separate roadside bombings killed four people, including an Uruzgan province district police chief.
    (AP, 4/11/13)

2013        Apr 12, In Afghanistan Taliban militants stormed an Afghan army outpost in Kunar province, killing 13 soldiers in an area that is a major infiltration route for insurgents crossing the mountainous border between Afghanistan and Pakistan. One soldier remained missing.
    (AP, 4/12/13)(SFC, 4/13/13, p.A2)

2013        Apr 15, Afghan commandos killed 22 insurgents during an operation to capture a Taliban commander in the Bati Kot district of Nangarhar province. Taliban commander, Jamal Faroqi, was killed in the pre-dawn raid and 10 insurgents were captured. NATO said a team of Afghan and coalition special forces captured a senior leader of the Pakistan-based Lashkar-e-Taiba. A roadside bomb killed at least 7 members of a family travelling in a trailer towed by a tractor in Zabul province. A roadside bomb killed 4 Afghan police and wounded 3 overnight in southern Helmand province. 2 policemen were killed and 6 kidnapped during a Taliban attack on an outpost in northern Zawzjan province.
    (AP, 4/15/13)
2013        Apr 15, A UN report said opium poppy cultivation in Afghanistan has been increasing for a third year in a row.
    (AP, 4/16/13)

2013        Apr 16, In Afghanistan insurgents ambushed a convoy of trucks in Wardak province, killing five members of a government guard force. 6 Afghan soldiers, two officers and four enlisted men, were shot to death on a main highway that crosses Jowzjan province.
    (AP, 4/16/13)(AP, 4/17/13)

2013        Apr 17, In Afghanistan roadside bombs and insurgent attacks killed at least 18 people in four separate attacks across the country.
    (AP, 4/17/13)

2013        Apr 18, In Afghanistan insurgents shot and killed four laborers building a checkpoint for the Afghan army in Helmand province. The International Committee of the Red Cross warned that security was deteriorating across Afghanistan as militants flood the battlefield and conduct attacks in the spring fighting season of the nearly 12-year-old war.
    (AP, 4/18/13)

2013        Apr 19, In Afghanistan Taliban insurgents attacked a local police checkpoint in Andar, a district of Ghazni province, killing 13 officers.
    (AP, 4/21/13)

2013        Apr 21, In Afghanistan insurgents shot 6 police officers dead at a checkpoint in Ghazni province. A suicide bomber killed 3 civilians at a shopping bazaar in Paktika province. Among the dead was Asanullah Sadat, who stepped down as the district's governor two years ago.
    (AP, 4/21/13)
2013        Apr 21, In eastern Afghanistan a Turkish civilian helicopter was forced to make an emergency landing in a Taliban-controlled area of Logar province. Insurgents took all 11 people aboard the aircraft hostage, including 8 Turks, one Afghan translator and 2 foreign pilots. Four of the Turks were freed on May 12.
    (AP, 4/22/13)(AP, 5/13/13)

2013        Apr 23, Mullah Omar, leader of the Taliban movement behind an escalating insurgency against the government in Kabul, reportedly died in Pakistan. His death was only made public in July 2015. Pakistan's defense minister later insisted that Mullah Omar died in Afghanistan and was buried there. On Sep 13, 2015, Omar’s eldest son confirmed that Omar had died in Afghanistan.
    (Reuters, 7/29/15)(Reuters, 7/30/15)(SFC, 7/30/15, p.A2)(AP, 8/7/15)(Econ, 8/8/15, p.78)
2013        Apr 23, Afghan and coalition forces killed 6 insurgents during a joint operation in Tagab district of Kapisa province. 7 others were killed in a separate operation run by Afghan security forces in the Hisarak district of Nangarhar province.
    (AP, 4/24/13)
2013        Apr 23, In Afghanistan 20 people died in flooding in Balkh province.
    (AP, 4/25/13)

2013        Apr 24, In Afghanistan 18 people were killed by the earthquake that struck Nangarhar and Kunar provinces.
    (AP, 4/25/13)

2013        Apr 26, In southern Afghanistan a bus collided with the wreckage of a truck that had been attacked by Taliban insurgents, killing 45 people aboard the bus in a fiery crash.
    (AP, 4/26/13)

2013        Apr 27, In Afghanistan a coalition MC-12 Liberty aircraft crashed in Zabul province killing four service members. The Taliban announced the start of their spring offensive, signaling plans to step up attacks as the weather warms, making both travel and fighting easier.
    (AP, 4/27/13)(AP, 4/28/13)

2013        Apr 28, In eastern Afghanistan remote-controlled roadside bomb killed  Col. Mohammad Hussain, the deputy provincial police chief, and two other officers in Ghazni province, an attack the Taliban claimed as the opening round of their spring offensive. Afghan and coalition forces arrested six insurgents — three in Helmand province, one in Baghlan province and two in Kandahar province.
    (AP, 4/28/13)
2013        Apr 28, In Afghanistan NATO forces encountered insurgents in Zabul province. 4 insurgents were killed in the incident. On May 8 the US-led coalition said it had opened an investigation into allegations of misconduct during the April 28 encounter.
    (AP, 5/8/13)
2013        Apr 28, A New York Times report, citing current and former advisers to Afghan Pres. Karzai, said tens of millions of US dollars in cash were delivered by the CIA in suitcases, backpacks and plastic shopping bags to the office of Afghanistan President Hamid Karzai for more than a decade.
    (Reuters, 4/28/13)

2013        Apr 29, In Afghanistan a civilian cargo plane owned by an American company crashed at Bagram Air Field, north of Kabul, soon after takeoff, killing all seven people aboard.
    (AP, 4/29/13)
2013        Apr 29, In northwestern Pakistan a suicide bomber targeting a police van killed at least 8 people in Peshawar, including the son and nephew of an Afghan official involved in peace negotiations with the Taliban.
    (AP, 4/29/13)

2013        Apr 30, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed 3 British service members. A bomb planted by the Taliban in Kandahar province killed 3 civilians and wounded five. In Kunduz province a roadside bomb destroyed a car killing a a local police commander and his driver.
    (AP, 4/30/13)(AP, 5/1/13)

2013        May 1, In Afghanistan insurgents ambushed government peace negotiator Malim Shah Wali Khan (53), killing him and two bodyguards as they headed to a meeting in the south to discuss plans for local troops to take over responsibility from the US-led coalition.
    (AP, 5/1/13)
2013        May 1, Pakistani forces fired artillery rounds at Afghan border police in the Goshta district of eastern Nangarhar province. In an ensuing five-hour firefight, one Afghan border policeman was killed.
    (AP, 5/2/13)

2013        May 4, In southern Afghanistan 5 US troops were killed by a roadside bomb in Kandahar province. 2 others died as a soldier with the Afghan National Army turned his weapon on coalition troops in the west.
    (AP, 5/4/13)(AP, 5/5/13)
2013        May 4, In Afghanistan insurgents in Baghlan province killed a German special forces soldier and wounded another. This marked the first death in combat of a member of Germany's special forces in Afghanistan. Several insurgents are believed to have been killed in the fighting.
    (AP, 5/5/13)

2013        May 5, A new jihadi magazine, set up by militants in Afghanistan and Pakistan, appealed to Muslims around the world to come up with technology to hack into or manipulate drones, describing this as one of their most important priorities.
    (Reuters, 5/6/13)

2013        May 8, Afghan police opened fire on hundreds of demonstrators. 8 protesters were killed. They were protesting raids that Afghan and NATO forces conducted in their village of Loye Karez two days earlier. 3 people were killed when their vehicle triggered an explosive device in Lashkar Gah, Helmand province. Afghan intelligence service said it arrested an Afghan national who confessed to having been sent by the Taliban to carry out a suicide bombing against Abdullah Abdullah, a presidential candidate in the 2009 election.
    (AP, 5/8/13)

2013        May 9, In Afghanistan unidentified kidnappers abducted 11 Afghans working in a UN-affiliated landmine clearing program in Nangarhar province.
    (AP, 5/11/13)

2013        May 10, In Afghanistan 3 children in central Ghazni province were killed when they tried to dismantle an old bomb.
    (AP, 5/11/13)
2013        May 10, Iranian border guards opened fire on Afghan laborers as they tried to cross the boundary illegally looking for work. 10 laborers were killed in the shooting with 8 wounded. 21 were taken by the Iranian guards.
    (AP, 5/12/13)(SFC, 5/13/13, p.A2)

2013        May 11, In Afghanistan a bomb killed Faiz Mohammed, the deputy intelligence chief of Nuristan province. A roadside bomb in Nangarhar province ripped through a police vehicle, killing two and injuring three other police officers.
    (AP, 5/11/13)(AP, 5/15/13)

2013        May 13, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb in Kandahar province hit a bus and killed 10 civilians, mostly women and children. 3 Georgian soldiers killed when a truck bomb exploded at the gate of their outpost in neighboring Helmand province.
    (AP, 5/13/13)(AP, 5/14/13)

2013        May 14, In Afghanistan a powerful explosion ripped through a NATO convoy in southern Kandahar province. 4 US personnel were killed. A bomb hidden in a parked motorcycle ripped through a crowded market in Helmand province, killing at least 3 people.
    (AP, 5/14/13)

2013        May 15, In Afghanistan 2 bombs exploded at a checkpoint outside a provincial governor's compound, killing at least one police officer in Jalalabad, Nangarhar province.
    (AP, 5/15/13)

2013        May 16, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber rammed his car into a US convoy in Kabul, killing at least 15 people including two American soldiers and four civilian contractors. Islamic militant group Hizb-e-Islami claimed responsibility for the early morning bombing.
    (AP, 5/16/13)

2013        May 17, In Afghanistan motorcycle-riding gunmen assassinated a police chief in front of his house after he led an anti-Taliban campaign in Farah province. Two bombs hidden in a motorcycle and a car exploded inside an elite gated community linked to the family of President Karzai, killing at least 9 people and wounding more than 70 near Kandahar city.
    (AP, 5/17/13)(AP, 5/18/13)

2013        May 18, Conservative religious lawmakers in Afghanistan blocked legislation aimed at strengthening provisions for women's freedoms, arguing that parts of it violate Islamic principles and encourage disobedience. 4 Afghan army soldiers died in Bakwa district when their vehicle hit a roadside bomb.
    (AP, 5/18/13)

2013        May 20, Afghan Pres. Karzai left for a two-day state visit to India, where he is expected to request military aid. In the north a suicide bomber dressed in a police uniform killed 14 people including a prominent provincial council chief outside the council headquarters in Pul-e-Khumri, Baghlan province.
    (AP, 5/20/13)

2013        May 21, In western Afghanistan a powerful roadside bomb killed six policemen when their vehicle hit the explosives buried in the road in Herat province. Gunmen kidnapped Khobi Khan (60), the father of the national cricket team captain near his home in Jalalabad.
    (AP, 5/21/13)(AP, 5/23/13)
2013        May 21, New York-based Human Rights Watch said 600 females are now detained in Afghanistan under charges listed as moral crimes, a catch-all category that covers running away from home and sex outside of marriage. It said the number of females behind bars has jumped by 50% since late 2012.
    (AP, 5/21/13)

2013        May 22, In Afghanistan hard-line Islamist students protested in Kabul demanding the repeal of a presidential decree for women's rights that they say is un-Islamic.
    (AP, 5/22/13)
2013        May 22, In Afghanistan Habibullah Khan, an anti-Taliban village elder, was killed along with two bodyguards and a civilian bystander by a suicide bomber in Ghazni province. At least 14 civilians were wounded, most of them shoppers and merchants.
    (AP, 5/22/13)

2013        May 24, In Afghanistan Taliban gunmen backed by a suicide car bomber attacked an international aid group's compound. 4 people were killed, including a 6-year-old child, two compound guards and one policeman. All 6 of the attackers were killed. A blast in Ghazni province killed 12 people at a mosque during evening prayers.
    (AP, 5/24/13)(AP, 5/25/13)

2013        May 25, In Afghanistan a would-be suicide bomber died when his explosives-rigged vest went off prematurely in Kabul.
    (AP, 5/25/13)

2013        May 26, In eastern Afghanistan an insurgent attack killed a NATO service member in Farah province.
    (AP, 5/27/13)

2013        May 27, In Afghanistan 2 recently rehired Afghan police opened fire on their commander at a checkpoint in Arghistan district, Kandahar province, killing him and six of his men.
    (AP, 5/28/13)

2013        May 28, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb under a bridge hit a lawmaker's convoy north of Kabul, killing five people.
    (AP, 5/28/13)

2013        May 29, In eastern Afghanistan 7 insurgents wearing police uniforms and bomb-laden vests attacked a government compound in Panjshir, a usually secure province, killing one police officer. All 7 militants were killed. Two insurgents attacked a compound housing the International Committee of the Red Cross Jalalabad, killing an Afghan guard before security forces rescued seven foreigners.
    (AP, 5/29/13)(AP, 5/30/13)

2013        May 30, An Afghan official said intelligence agents have captured six militants with suicide vests and heavy weaponry who were planning a major attack in Kabul. A seventh alleged plotter was killed in the raid on a hideout in the capital.
    (AP, 5/30/13)

2013        Jun 1, In Afghanistan 3 NATO service members and a civilian working with the international coalition were killed in three separate attacks in the east and south. An explosion from a roadside bomb killed 4 civilians, including a child, when their vehicle was hit in Uruzgan province.
    (AP, 6/1/13)(AP, 6/2/13)

2013        Jun 2, In eastern Afghanistan Taliban insurgents attacked two checkpoints overnight, killing 4 police officers in Nuristan province. The firefight left 13 militants dead.
    (AP, 6/2/13)

2013        Jun 3, In Afghanistan a buried bomb killed 7 people in the eastern province of Laghman. A suicide bomber targeting American troops in Paktia province killed 9 Afghan children who were walking home from school nearby, as well as two Americans and an Afghan police officer.
    (AP, 6/4/13)

2013        Jun 4, Hundreds of Afghans blocked a major highway south of Kabul, carrying 3 freshly dug-up bodies they claimed were victims of torture by US special forces and demanding the Americans be arrested. Violence erupted and two of the demonstrators were killed but the cause of their deaths was unclear. An Afghan family's car struck a bomb buried in a road in the country's west. The father and 3 children were killed. In Helmand province 6 people — 3 women and 3 men — were killed when a bomb planted inside one of their homes detonated.
    (AP, 6/4/13)

2013        Jun 5, US Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel said Germany and Italy will join the United States as "lead nations" in regions of Afghanistan after NATO transitions into a noncombat mission there after 2014.
    (AP, 6/5/13)

2013        Jun 6, The Afghan governor of Kunar province alleged that an overnight NATO airstrike killed 3 civilians and wounded seven there, a claim the US-led coalition flatly denied. A civilian was killed when a bomb exploded inside a restaurant in the northern city of Sari Pul. Another 13 people were wounded. In western Farah province insurgents gunned down two tribal elders as they drove into the provincial capital. A suicide attacker drove a truck into the entrance of a camp in Helmand province in Now-e-Zad district and detonated it. 7 Georgian soldiers were killed.
    (AP, 6/6/13)(AP, 6/7/13)

2013        Jun 8, In eastern Afghanistan a man in an Afghan army uniform turned his weapon on American trainers working with him in Paktika province, killing 3 of them. An attacker with a grenade killed an Italian soldier in Farah province.
    (AP, 6/8/13)

2013        Jun 10, In Afghanistan 7 heavily armed Taliban fighters launched a pre-dawn attack near the main airport in Kabul, apparently targeting NATO's airport headquarters with rocket-propelled grenades, heavy machine guns and at least one large bomb. Two Afghan civilians were wounded. All the attackers were killed after an hours-long battle. 6 militants wearing suicide bomb vests tried to storm the provincial council building in the capital of southern Zabul province. 3 militants attempted to attack a district police headquarters near Kabul. A roadside bomb killed a NATO soldier from  Poland in Ghazni.
    (AP, 6/10/13)

2013        Jun 11, In Afghanistan a suicide car bomber struck outside the Supreme Court in Kabul killing 17 people with wounded 30. Militants in Ghazni province attacked a NATO convoy carrying supplies, killing two Afghan police officers and two truck drivers. 3 insurgents were also killed in the attack. In the north a mob stoned an Afghan doctor and his female patient after they were discovered in his private examining room without a chaperone in Sar-e-Pul province. The doctor was said to have been critically injured and taken to India for treatment.
    (AP, 6/11/13)(AP, 6/12/13)(SFC, 6/14/13, p.A5)

2013        Jun 12, In southern Afghanistan a motorcycle bomb killed an Afghan soldier and a civilian and wounded 15 other people in Helmand province. 6 policemen were found shot at their checkpoint in Helmand province and 2 others were missing, raising suspicions they killed their comrades.
    (AP, 6/12/13)(AP, 6/13/13)
2013        Jun 12, Georgia said that it has closed two of its bases in Afghanistan after 10 of its soldiers were killed by militant attacks within the last four weeks. It will not reduce the number of troops serving there.
    (AP, 6/12/13)

2013        Jun 15, In eastern Afghanistan a roadside bomb struck a police van, killing 5 officers and wounding seven as they were on their way to a training session in Paktika province.
    (AP, 6/15/13)

2013        Jun 16, In Afghanistan the US-led military coalition said that one of its service members died in a non-battle-related incident in the south.
    (AP, 6/17/13)

2013        Jun 17, In Afghanistan insurgents fired rocket-propelled grenades and heavy machine guns into a convoy carrying goods to Kabul, killing 3 drivers and wounding two others. The police chief of Helmand province survived a suicide car bomb attack on his convoy that wounded 3 officers.
    (AP, 6/17/13)

2013        Jun 18, Afghan President Hamid Karzai announced at a ceremony that his country's armed forces are taking over the lead for security nationwide from the US-led NATO coalition. A botched bomb attack against an Afghan politician in another part of Kabul killed 3 civilians. 5 Afghan police officers were killed at a security outpost in Helmand province by apparent Taliban infiltrators. Insurgents fired two rockets into the Bagram Air Base. 4 US troops were killed. The Taliban claimed responsibility the next day.
    (AP, 6/18/13)(AP, 6/19/13)
2013        Jun 18, Taliban spokesman Zabiullah Mujahid said the group will open a political office in Qatar to try to find a political solution to the war in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 6/18/13)

2013        Jun 20, An Afghan spokesman said President Karzai is willing to join peace talks with the Taliban if the US follows through with promises he says were made by Secretary of State John Kerry in a phone call. Spokesman Fayeq Wahidi said Kerry promised that the Taliban flag and a nameplate with their former regime's name would be removed from the militant group's newly opened political office in Doha, and said the US would issue a formal letter supporting the Afghan government.
    (AP, 6/20/13)
2013        Jun 20, The Afghan Taliban said they are ready to free US Army Sgt. Bowe Bergdahl, held captive since 2009, in exchange for five of their senior operatives imprisoned at Guantanamo Bay as a conciliatory gesture.
    (AP, 6/20/13)

2013        Jun 21, In Afghanistan the Taliban attacked multiple checkpoints at about noon in the provincial capital of Kunduz, killing one member of the local police, and wounding two. Fighting continued outside the city of Kunduz where 18 Taliban fighters and another local policeman were killed, and another 11 militants were wounded.
    (AP, 6/22/13)

2013        Jun 22, In Afghanistan a coalition service member died in a militant attack in the south.
    (AP, 6/22/13)

2013        Jun 25, In Afghanistan suicide attackers blew up a car bomb and battled security forces outside the presidential palace in Kabul after infiltrating one of the most secure areas of the capital. The army said the attackers were killed but knew of no other deaths. A minibus hit a bomb on a road northwest of Kandahar city killing 8 women, 2 children and a man.
    (AP, 6/25/13)

2013        Jun 26, Afghan national police clashed with Taliban fighters in the northern province of Baghlan in a gunbattle that left at least two police officers and two militants dead.
    (AP, 6/26/13)

2013        Jun 27, In western Afghanistan Taliban fighters ambushed a national police patrol overnight, killing a commander and 4 of his men in Herat province. In Ghazni province police ambushed a group of Taliban fighters and killed 5, including a leader believed to have been responsible for making roadside bombs and organizing suicide attacks in the area.
    (AP, 6/27/13)

2013        Jun 28, In Afghan  a man and woman on a motorcycle riding near a NATO convoy were killed when a suicide car bomber struck. Five civilians were wounded. 20 Taliban fighters and one police officer were killed in an operation in Oruzgan province.
    (AP, 6/29/13)
2013        Jun 28, Pakistan floated the concept of an Afghan power-sharing arrangement between Kabul and the Taliban as part of a peace talks "end game." The suggestion met with outrage in Kabul.
    (Reuters, 7/1/13)

2013        Jun, In Afghanistan an eight article decree was issued late this month  by clerics in the Deh Salah region of Baghlan province barring women from leaving home without a male relative and shutting cosmetic shops on the pretext they were being used for prostitution - an accusation residents and police rejected.
    (Reuters, 7/19/13)

2013        Jul 1, In northern Afghanistan a regional police commander and three of his men were killed when their vehicle was hit with a roadside bomb in Baghlan province.
    (AP, 7/1/13)

2013        Jul 2, In Afghanistan Taliban suicide attackers blew up a truck bomb at the gates of a NATO supplier's compound in Kabul and sprayed gunfire at security personnel. The ensuing gunbattle left a dozen people dead.
    (AP, 7/2/13)(SFC, 7/3/13, p.A2)

2013        Jul 4, In Afghanistan roadside bombs killed 4 young girls in Helmand province. Lieutenant Islam Bibi, the most senior policewoman in volatile southern Helmand province, was shot dead on her way to work in Lashkar Gah. 2 schoolboys were killed when they triggered a roadside bomb in Paktika province. A NATO service member was killed in fighting in western Afghanistan.
    (AP, 7/4/13)(Reuters, 7/4/13)

2013        Jul 5, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber sneaked into a police dining hall in Uruzgan province and blew himself up, killing 12. A border police officer and a civilian were killed in a separate suicide attack in the south.
    (AP, 7/5/13)

2013        Jul 7, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb seriously wounded Fazil Ahmad, the High Peace Council’s chief in Ghazni province. His driver was killed. The government said fighting over the previous 24 hours killed 14 Afghan soldiers and 64 Taliban militants.
    (SFC, 7/8/13, p.A2)

2013        Jul 8, Afghan authorities said they have arrested Zakaria Kandahari, a man who served as a translator for US Special Forces and was wanted on allegations he tortured and killed civilians. The Wardak provincial governor's office said 16 Taliban were killed and two arrested in a 24-hour operation that ended today. 2 Afghan soldiers were killed and six others wounded. In Laghman province the Afghan intelligence service launched a pre-emptive strike on a group of Taliban after learning they were preparing to attack a police checkpoint. 2 militants were killed in the ensuing gunbattle and one captured. In Nangahar province 3 Afghan national police were killed and another wounded when their checkpoint was attacked.
    (AP, 7/8/13)

2013        Jul 9, An Afghan soldier opened fire on NATO troops at the Kandahar airfield. One Slovakian soldier was killed and 6 others wounded. A roadside bomb struck a motorcyle-drawn cart killing 17 civilians, including 4 children, in the Obi district of western Herat. A roadside bomb in Helmand province killed 3 civilians.
    (AP, 7/9/13)(Reuters, 7/9/13)(SFC, 7/10/13, p.A3)

2013        Jul 11, In Afghanistan a twin bombing killed five people including 3 civilians whose car struck a roadside bomb and 2 police officers who had rushed to the scene to help the victims when the second bomb went off in Helmand province.
    (AP, 7/11/13)

2013        Jul 14, In Afghanistan NATO forces carried out a "precision strike" in Paktia province overnight, killing 5 militants. Afghan suspect Lamber Khan, the army soldier who opened fire July 9 on Slovakian NATO troops, escaped this morning with the help of at least one other Afghan soldier.
    (AP, 7/14/13)(AP, 7/15/13)

2013        Jul 16, In Afghanistan a bomb planted on a bicycle in eastern Nangarhar province killed two civilians and wounded three others.
    (AP, 7/16/13)

2013        Jul 17, In Afghanistan gunmen killed Afghan prosecutor Ahmad Wali Taheri in western Herat province. Taheri was the brother of Karzai's adviser on national security, Rangin Dafdar Spanta.
    (AP, 7/17/13)

2013        Jul 18, In eastern Afghanistan insurgents pulled over a minivan with 8 young laborers on their way to work at a US base, forced them out and then shot them dead near Forward Operating Base Shank, Logar province. A bomb killed five children and a woman after it went off as they were playing with it inside a Taliban commander's home in Paktika province.
    (AP, 7/18/13)(AP, 7/19/13)

2013        Jul 19, In southern Afghanistan a wave of bombings killed 15 people, including six members of the country's security services.
    (AP, 7/20/13)

2013        Jul 20, Afghan Pres. Karzai approved a new law governing next year's presidential and provincial elections. It defines the legal framework for the elections and was approved by parliament earlier this week.
    (AP, 7/20/13)

2013        Jul 22, Afghanistan's parliament voted to dismiss Ghulam Mujtaba Patang, one of the country's top security chiefs, by impeaching the interior minister in a potential blow to stability as NATO-led international forces speed their withdrawal from the country.
    (Reuters, 7/22/13)

2013        Jul 23, In Afghanistan 3 US and 4 Afghan soldiers were killed after an insurgent riding a donkey detonated a bomb in Wardak province.
    (SFC, 7/24/13, p.A2)

2013        Jul 24, Afghanistan's first woman governor and a Myanmar civil society organizer were among five winners of Asia's equivalent of the Nobel Prize this year. The Philippines-based Ramon Magsaysay Award Foundation singled out Afghanistan's Habiba Sarabi, a 57-year-old doctor, for her "bold exercise of leadership to build up a functioning provincial government against great odds." The Foundation also recognized Lahpai Seng Raw from Myanmar, for her "quietly inspiring and inclusive leadership in the midst of deep ethnic divides and prolonged armed conflicts."
    (Reuters, 7/24/13)

2013        Jul 26, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber on a motorcycle loaded with explosives killed local police commander Dawlat Khan, 3 of his men, and 3 civilians in a bazaar  in Qarabagh district, Ghazni province.
    (AP, 7/27/13)

2013        Jul 28, In southern Afghanistan a late night bombing in Zabul province's Shahjoy district killed 11 people and wounded 12. Three of the dead were local police officers while the rest were women and children.
    (AP, 7/29/13)

2013        Jul 29, In southern Afghanistan an early morning explosion killed a mother and two children in Kandahar province. 13 insurgents were reported killed, including local Taliban commander Qari Latif, and 29 captured in an operation in northern Kunduz province.
    (AP, 7/29/13)

2013        Jul 31, In Afghanistan NATO helicopter personnel mistakenly killed 5 Afghan police officers in Nangarhar province. A Taliban ambush left an official and 3 other people dead in the country's south. Taliban fighters shot and killed a tribal elder for allegedly cooperating with the Afghan government, sparking retaliation from the family and other villagers in the Sherzad district of Nangarhar province.
    (AP, 8/1/13)(SFC, 8/2/13, p.A5)(AP, 8/3/13)
2013        Jul 31, The UN said that civilian casualties in Afghanistan had dramatically increased by 23% in the first six months of the year and blamed the insurgency for the vast majority of the dead and wounded.
    (AP, 7/31/13)

2013        Jul, In Afghanistan Shokofa Salehi (22), a worker in the money transfer division at the Kabul headquarters of Azizi Bank, disappeared. Investigators later said she is suspected of transferring some $1.1 million out of the bank's coffers to accounts of relatives. Besides Salehi, at least nine people were believed involved in the case.
    (AP, 9/4/13)

2013        Aug 1, In Afghanistan a roadside mine exploded, killing 2 policemen and a prosecutor, and wounding seven people in Faryab province.
    (AP, 8/1/13)

2013        Aug 3, In Afghanistan 3 militants wearing explosives-rigged vests killed at least 9 civilians, including 6 children, in a botched attack on the Indian consulate in Jalalabad near the border with Pakistan. Officials said 22 police officers and 76 Taliban were killed in the Sherzad district of Nangarhar in two days of battles with insurgents that broke out when militants shot a tribal elder.
    (AP, 8/3/13)
2013        Aug 3, Heavy rains swept across eastern Afghanistan, leveling homes and killing at least 58 people in five provinces, while an estimated 30 others were missing.
    (AP, 8/4/13)

2013        Aug 4, In Afghanistan lawyer Abdul Qayyum, who prosecuted Taliban militants, was seriously wounded by a roadside bomb in Jalalabad.
    (Reuters, 8/4/13)

2013        Aug 5, Afghan local officials said floods from monsoon rains have killed least 24 people in the eastern border provinces of Khost and Nangarhar. 61 people were reported killed in villages of the Sarobi district, Kabul province.
    (Reuters, 8/5/13)

2013        Aug 7, In Afghanistan the Taliban ambushed a convoy of a female Afghan senator, seriously wounding her in the attack and killing her 8-year-old daughter and a bodyguard  in the Muqur district of Gazni province. Senator Rouh Gul Khirzad's husband, son and another daughter were also wounded in the attack.
    (AP, 8/7/13)

2013        Aug 8, Afghan President Karzai urged the Taliban to lay down their arms. In the east a bomb planted in a graveyard killed 7 women and 7 children of a single family in Nangarhar province's Ghany Khel district.
    (AP, 8/8/13)
2013        Aug 8, In Afghanistan 3 Chinese citizens, 2 men and a woman, were murdered in an apartment in Kabul. One Afghan man was also found dead. One Chinese citizen remained missing.
    (Reuters, 8/10/13)(AP, 8/11/13)

2013        Aug 10, In Afghanistan 3 bombs in the Charcheno district of southern Uruzgan province killed four people and wounded three.
    (AP, 8/11/13)
2013        Aug 10, Afghan parliament member Fariba Ahmadi Kakar was kidnapped while driving from Kabul to the southern province of Kandahar. The Taliban later released her three children and a driver but held Kakar to exchange her for four insurgent commanders.
    (AP, 8/15/13)

2013        Aug 11, In Afghanistan a father and two of his children were killed when the motorcycle they were on hit a roadside bomb in Uruzgan province. 3 NATO service members were killed in eastern Afghanistan. Heavy rains and overnight hailstorms killed at least 22 people near Kabul.
    (AP, 8/11/13)

2013        Aug 16, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb late today killed 3 women in Helmand's Sangin district.
    (AP, 8/17/13)

2013        Aug 17, In Afghanistan insurgents staged a pre-dawn ambush on a construction camp in western Herat province, killing 10 people. 5 members of a family were killed in the Marjah district of southern Helmand province when their mini-van struck a roadside bomb. In Farah province a suicide bomber detonated his explosive vest inside a private medical clinic, killing 3 people including a local police commander.
    (AP, 8/17/13)

2013        Aug 18, In Afghanistan 11 members of the Afghan Public Protection Force and 21 insurgents were killed in a two separate gun battles in Farah province.
    (AP, 8/19/13)

2013        Aug 25, In Afghanistan the Taliban kidnapped and killed 4 engineers and 2 workers in Herat province. The bodies of six Afghans were discovered in Paktia province. The six, all drivers, were killed by Taliban because they were working with the government.
    (Reuters, 8/27/13)

2013        Aug 26, In eastern Afghanistan 5 Taliban suicide bombers killed 2 Afghan soldiers and wounded several others when they attacked an army base in the Tagab district of Kapisa province. 10 other attackers were wounded but managed to flee. NATO said one its soldiers was killed by a bomb in southern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 8/26/13)(SFC, 8/27/13, p.A2)

2013        Aug 28, In Afghanistan Taliban fighters launched a failed attack against a base that hosts troops from America and Poland. 7 people were reported killed in the attack in Ghazni city. A suicide attack against a coalition convoy and a separate rocket attack against tankers carrying fuel for NATO killed a total of 10 civilians and wounded 25 in Helmand and Farah provinces. Taliban insurgents staged an evening mountain pass ambush on a police convoy patrolling a key highway, killing 15 officers and wounding 10 in Farah province.
    (Reuters, 8/28/13)(AP, 8/29/13)

2013        Aug 30, In northern Afghanistan a suicide bomber attacked people leaving a memorial service at a mosque in Kunduz province, killing his apparent target, a Dashi Archi district chief, and 7 others with 11 wounded. In Helmand province 12 people were killed in an ambush involving a roadside bomb.
    (AP, 8/30/13)(SSFC, 9/1/13, p.A7)(SFC, 8/31/13, p.A6)

2013        Aug 31, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber detonated his explosives near a police checkpoint and a bank in Kandahar leaving 6 people dead. A NATO service member was killed by insurgents in the country's east. A roadside bomb killed 8 Afghan employees of a private mining company in Parwan province.
    (AP, 8/31/13)(AP, 9/1/13)(SSFC, 9/1/13, p.A7)

2013        Sep 1, In Afghanistan the badly beaten, bullet-riddled bodies of 7 Afghan soldiers were found dumped in Ghazni province, apparent victims of insurgents. In Ghazni's Qarabagh district 2 Afghans, involved in civilian militias that resist the Taliban, were killed during a gunfight with militants.
    (AP, 9/1/13)

2013        Sep 4, Afghan President Hamid Karzai issued a legislative decree giving minority Hindus and Sikhs a reserved seat in the country's lower house of parliament for the next parliamentary elections in 2015.
    (AP, 9/4/13)

2013        Sep 5, In Afghanistan Sushmita Banerjee, an Indian woman whose memoir about life under Taliban rule was turned into a Bollywood movie, was shot dead by suspected members of the Islamist militia. On Sep 9 police detained two insurgents suspected in her killing.
    (AP, 9/5/13)(SFC, 9/10/13, p.A2)

2013        Sep 6, Afghanistan began releasing 11 Taliban prisoners in exchange for the release of Fariba Ahmadi Kakar, a female member of the Afghan Parliament.
    (SSFC, 9/8/13, p.A6)

2013        Sep 7, In Afghanistan a crowd of several hundred rallied outside the consulate in Herat city to protest its failure to grant visas. Security forces opened fire, killing one and wounding three. Female parliamentarian  Fariba Ahmadi Kakar was freed by the Taliban in exchange for four militants.
    (AP, 9/7/13)
2013        Sep 7, In Afghanistan a NATO airstrike targeting insurgents in Kunar province hit a pickup truck carrying up to ten militants, amid reports that at least 8 civilians, including 7 women and children, were among the dead.
    (Reuters, 9/8/13)

2013        Sep 8, In Afghanistan Taliban militants detonated a car bomb outside an Afghan intelligence office near Kabul and then tried to attack it on foot with guns. At least 4 soldiers guarding the compound were killed and 6 insurgents died in the assault.
    (AP, 9/8/13)

2013        Sep 10, In Afghanistan two roadside bombs killed 11 people, including passengers on a bus that took a detour to avoid a bomb-laden road in Ghazni province. The 2nd bomb was in Helmand province. A suicide car bomb went off in front of an Afghan National Army security post in Logar province wounding four Afghan soldiers.
    (AP, 9/10/13)

2013        Sep 13, In western Afghanistan Taliban militants unleashed car bombs at the US Consulate in Herat, triggering a firefight with security forces in an attack that killed at least 3 Afghans.
    (AP, 9/13/13)(Reuters, 9/13/13)

2013        Sep 14, In Afghanistan at least 27 miners were killed in a collapse in a coal mine in the northern province of Samangan.
    (Reuters, 9/15/13)

2013        Sep 15, In Afghanistan female police officer Lieutenant Negar (38) was shot in an assassination attempt, two months after her female predecessor was killed, underscoring worries about both security and the role of women as foreign troops prepare to leave. Negar died the next day.
    (Reuters, 9/15/13)(SFC, 9/16/13, p.A2)

2013        Sep 18, In Afghanistan Taliban gunmen shot and killed Amanullah Aman, the head of the Independent Election Commission in northern Kunduz province, a day after he warned that deteriorating security threatened next year's presidential elections. Insurgents killed 18 policemen and wounded 18 in an ambush in the Wurduj district of Badakshan province. 47 insurgents were killed in the same area during a police operation earlier in the week.
    (Reuters, 9/18/13)(AP, 9/20/13)(AFP, 9/20/13)

2013        Sep 21, An Afghan wearing a security forces uniform shot dead 3 American special forces personnel and wounded another, in Gardez, Paktia province.
    (Reuters, 9/21/13)(SSFC, 9/22/13, p.A6)

2013        Sep 22, In eastern Afghanistan 2 Romanian soldiers died after stepping on an improvised explosive device during a patrol. A late night Taliban attack on a border police checkpoint in Kandahar province killed 11 policemen.
    (AP, 9/23/13)

2013        Sep 23, In northern Afghanistan gunmen assassinated district intelligence chief Abdul Hussian while he was on his way to work near Kunduz.
    (AP, 9/23/13)

2013        Sep 24, Afghan security forces fired a mortar round across the border, killing 2 Pakistanis and wounding one person. Pakistan summoned a top Afghan official to lodge a strong protest over the incident.
    (AP, 9/25/13)

2013        Sep 26, An Afghan man wearing the uniform of the country's security forces turned his weapon on NATO troops in Paktia province, killing a US service member of the international coalition.
    (AP, 9/26/13)(SFC, 9/27/13, p.A2)

2013        Sep 28, In Afghanistan 3 civilians died when their minivan was struck by a roadside bomb as they were driving from Dayak district to Ghazni city. In Uruzgan province 2 men died when their car ran over a bomb.
    (AP, 9/28/13)

2013        Sep 30, The commandant of the US Marine Corps sacked two generals in the wake of a deadly attack last year by the Taliban on a major NATO base in Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 10/1/13)

2013        Oct 2, Three Afghan army soldiers died and four were wounded when their vehicle struck a roadside bomb in Helmand province.
    (AP, 10/2/13)

2013        Oct 4, In Afghanistan a NATO strike in the country's east reportedly killed five civilians. The US-led coalition said the next day that it had targeted insurgents and that its initial reports indicate no civilian casualties.
    (AP, 10/5/13)
2013        Oct 4, Norway said will slightly reduce its aid to Afghanistan from next year, signaling to Kabul that it has not done enough to combat corruption and violence against women.
    (Reuters, 10/4/13)

2013        Oct 5, Latif Mehsud, a senior Pakistani Taliban commander, was arrested by American forces in eastern Logar province's district of Mohammad Agha. The Washington Post reported on Oct 11 that he was forcibly snatched from an Afghan government convoy in Logar province several weeks ago as Afghan officials were trying to recruit him to launch peace talks.
    (AP, 10/11/13)(Reuters, 10/12/13)
2013        Oct 5, In southern Afghanistan a gunman, possibly a private security guard, shot dead a member of the US-led international coalition before himself being killed.
    (AP, 10/5/13)

2013        Oct 6, In southern Afghanistan 4 US soldiers were killed by an IED  during a NATO operation.
    (Reuters, 10/6/13)(SFC, 10/7/13, p.A2)
2013        Oct 6, In Afghanistan Germany handed control of a key military base in the country's northern province of Kunduz to Afghan security forces. German troops had spent almost a decade there as part of the international effort to combat Taliban insurgents.
    (AP, 10/6/13)

2013        Oct 9, In southern Afghanistan a suicide car bombing killed four people, 2 civilians and 2 policemen in Helmand province.
    (AP, 10/9/13)

2013        Oct 10, The UN Security Council voted unanimously to extend the mandate of the NATO-led force in Afghanistan for the last time before it hands over total responsibility for security to Afghan forces at the end of 2014.
    (AP, 10/11/13)

2013        Oct 12, US Secretary of State John Kerry and Afghan President Hamid Karzai announced they had reached preliminary agreement on a bilateral security pact that now depends on the approval of Afghanistan's tribal leaders.
    (AP, 10/13/13)

2013        Oct 13, In eastern Afghanistan an Afghan man wearing an Afghan army uniform shot at US soldiers, killing at least one serviceman. The so-called "insider attack" in Paktika province was the 4th in under a month.
    (Reuters, 10/13/13)

2013        Oct 15, In eastern Afghanistan a bomb planted inside a mosque microphone killed Logar province Gov. Arsallah Jamal (47) as he was delivering a speech to worshippers to mark the Muslim holiday of Eid al-Adha. 15 people were wounded. A British soldier was shot whilde on patrol  in Helmand Province and died from his injuries at the scene.
    (AP, 10/15/13)

2013        Oct 18, In Afghanistan a complex attack involving a car bomb followed by gunfire was launched on an international compound in eastern Kabul and was still under way. A Taliban suicide bomber detonated an explosives-laden car in Kabul outside a compound where many foreign workers are based, killing at least two local civilians.
    (Reuters, 10/18/13)(AFP, 10/18/13)

2013        Oct 21, In Afghanistan  a bomb stuck onto a car killed a civilian in downtown Kabul. Authorities are unclear as to the motives for the attack.
    (AP, 10/21/13)

2013        Oct 22, Afghanistan’s Independent Election Commission (IEC) cut the number of candidates to 10, saying 16 disqualified candidates had either retained citizenship of another country or failed to provide evidence of enough support. The Afghan intelligence service said it has sacked 65 officers after discovering they were addicted to heroin.
    (Reuters, 10/22/13)(Reuters, 10/23/13)

2013        Oct 23, In Afghanistan a nighttime Taliban attack on a security outpost killed 4 policemen in the Bla Murghab district of Badghis province.
    (AP, 10/24/13)

2013        Oct 24, In western Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed six Afghan soldiers in Herat province. Soldiers killed 10 Taliban fighters during an operation in Helmand province. A tractor hit a road mine in the Jani Khil district of Paktika province, killing one person and wounding four.
    (AP, 10/25/13)

2013        Oct 26, In Afghanistan a gunman in Afghan uniform opened fire on ISAF coalition personnel before being killed on the outskirts of Kabul.
    (AP, 10/26/13)

2013        Oct 27, In eastern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed 18 people, mostly women, who were travelling to a wedding party by minibus.
    (Reuters, 10/27/13)

2013        Nov 5, Britain’s Ministry of Defense said a soldier from the 3rd Battalion, the Mercian Regiment, was killed "as a result of an explosion during a vehicle-born suicide attack" near Lashkar Gah, Helmand province.
    (AFP, 11/6/13)

2013        Nov 6, Afghan police found the bodies of 7 soldiers, believed to have been killed by their Taliban captors in Zabul province.
    (AP, 11/6/13)

2013        Nov 8, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb struck a bus in Zabul province, killing 9 people, including five women. In Kandahar province another roadside bomb killed 3 people.
    (AP, 11/8/13)

2013        Nov 13, In Afghanistan roadside bombings in the restive south and west killed 3 boys.
    (AP, 11/13/13)
2013        Nov 13, The UN said opium poppy cultivation in Afghanistan has reached a record high as farmers seek to "insure" themselves ahead of NATO forces' withdrawal next year.
    (AFP, 11/13/13)

2013        Nov 16, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber rammed his car into an Afghan army vehicle providing security for a compound in Kabul where political and tribal elites are due to gather next week to debate a security pact with the US. 12 people were killed and 22 wounded.
    (Reuters, 11/16/13)(AP, 11/17/13)

2013        Nov 17, Afghan villagers discovered the beheaded bodies of six men in Kandahar province. The next day they were identified as policemen who had disappeared days earlier from Zabul province. NATO said an international service member was killed by a roadside bomb.
    (AP, 11/17/13)(AP, 11/18/13)

2013        Nov 18, In Afghanistan two separate roadside bombs killed 9 children. Police stopped a tractor hauling roadside bombs near the border with Pakistan. A shooting set off the bombs, killing the driver and a second person on the tractor.
    (AP, 11/18/13)

2013        Nov 20, Senior Afghan officials arrived in Pakistan to initiate peace talks with the Afghan Taliban following a breakthrough in negotiations during last month's summit in Britain. A powerful explosion killed 3 people at a restaurant in the southern city of Kandahar. A Taliban ambush took place in Helmand province killing Marjah police chief, Hajji Tooryalai Jan. A suicide car bombing has killed two paramilitary soldiers in near the Afghan border in the Shawa area of North Waziristan.
    (Reuters, 11/20/13)(AP, 11/20/13)
2013        Nov 20, A rights group said Iran is forcefully deporting Afghans by the thousands in violation of its international obligation to protect refugees.
    (AP, 11/20/13)

2013        Nov 21, President Obama, in a letter to President Karzai, said the United States will continue to respect "Afghan sovereignty" under a new security agreement. Karzai added a wrinkle to the process when he told the Loya Jirga that if they and the parliament approve the agreement, it should be signed after next spring's elections in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 11/21/13)

2013        Nov 22, Afghanistan rebuffed a US demand to sign a highly anticipated security pact as soon as possible, insisting the document must wait until after next year's presidential election.
    (AFP, 11/22/13)

2013        Nov 24, An Afghan grand assembly endorsed a crucial security agreement allowing some US troops to stay on after 2014, although President Hamid Karzai set conditions for signing the deal.
    (AFP, 11/24/13)

2013        Nov 25, US national security advisor Susan Rice told Afghan President Hamid Karzai that a delay in signing a troubled security deal risked the US pulling troops out of the country completely next year.
    (AFP, 11/25/13)

2013        Nov 27, In Afghanistan Taliban militants gunned down and killed six people working working for the French aid group ACTED in the northern province of Faryab.
    (AFP, 11/27/13)

2013        Nov 28, In Afghanistan two roadside bombs killed six civilians in the country's eastern Nangarhar province. A coalition airstrike killed a child and injured two women, leading to a condemnation of the attack by the country's president. The ISAF strike also killed an insurgent in Helmand province.
    (AP, 11/28/13)(AP, 11/29/13)
2013        Nov 28, In Afghanistan two roadside bombs killed six civilians in the country's eastern Nangarhar prov