Timeline Assyria

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Overview:
http://idcs0100.lib.iup.edu/WestCivI/assyrian.htm
9600BC-8500BC    Some dozen villages piled one on top of the other occupied the site of Jerf el-Ahmar at a bend of the Euphrates River. In 1999 the area was flooded under the waters of the Tishrin Dam.
    (AM, 11/00, p.56)

9500BC-6100BC    The Neolithic site of Abu Hureyra, 40 miles downstream from Jerf el-Ahmar, was flooded under the waters of the Taqba Dam in the 1970s.
    (AM, 11/00, p.58)

2750BC    Gilgamesh, a Sumerian King, ruled the city of Uruk (Babylonia) about this time, which had grown to a population of over 50,000. Gilgamesh was the subject of many epics, including the Sumerian "Gilgamesh and Enkidu in the Nether World" and the Babylonian "Epic of Gilgamesh." In 1844 Westerners discovered an epic poem based on Gilgamesh on stone fragments in Mosul, Iraq. In 1853 clay tablets inscribed with the tale were found in Nineveh, the former capital of Assyria. 5 Sumerian versions were later acknowledged. George Smith completed his translation of the Epic in 1874. In 2004 Stephen Mitchell published “Gilgamesh: A New English Translation." Derek Hines authored “Gilgamesh."
    (eawc, p.1)(SFC, 12/14/04, p.E4)(ON, 11/07, p.4,6)(Arch, 5/05, p.16)

2500BC    The Jiroft culture (later Assyria, Persia, southeastern Iran) flourished about this time.
    (Arch, 5/04, p.51)

2200BC    A statue of the Sumerian king Entemena of Lagash was made about this time. The head was later lost and in 2003 the remaining body was looted after the fall of Baghdad. In 2006 it was returned to Iraq’s National Museum.
    (SFC, 7/26/06, p.A3)

1300BC    Assyria was a middle-eastern empire of this time.
    (MT, 3/96, p.3)

1300BC-1200BC    A sprawling Assyrian administrative center was discovered by Dutch archeologists in 1997 in Rakka, 340 miles north of Damascus. The site included a 15-foot high 2-story building with 2 bathrooms, 2 toilets and a tiled floor.
    (SFC,12/9/97, p.B3)

1200BC    The Hittite Empire fell when invading Assyrians sacked and burned their capital, Hattussa (Hattusha).
    (ON, 12/11, p.2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hattusa)

1000BC    The world’s oldest known lens was ground about this time by an Assyrian maker.
    (Econ, 12/1/12, TQ p.8)

1000BC-900BC    The search for the 10 lost tribes of Israel, who were dispersed in the tenth century BCE when the Assyrians conquered part of the Holy Land, is depicted on a CD titled The Myth of the 10 Lost Tribes, by Creative Multimedia Corp.   
    (New Media, 2/95, p.84)

900BC-840BC    The Assyrians expanded their empire to the west. By 840 they conquered Syria and Turkey, territory that had formerly belonged to the Hittites.
    (eawc, p.6)

883BC-859BC    Ashurnasirpal II. He established the new capital city of Kalhu (Nimrud).
    (AM, 7/00, p.50)

858BC-824BC    Shalmaneser II, Assyrian ruler.
    (AM, 7/00, p.50)

812BC-783BC    Hada-Nirari III, Assyrian king enumerated the Philistines among the Palestinian states conquered by him.
    (R.M.-P.H.C.p.63)

810BC-805BC    Sammuramat ruled Assyria as Queen.
    (eawc, p.6)

803BC    Hadad-Nirari, Assyrian king, conquers the Palestinian states including the Philistines.
    (R.M.-P.H.C.p.63)

800BC    Nimrud, capital of Assyria, 500 miles east of Byblos, sample of ivory carving from a piece of furniture depicting a woman in a window wearing an Egyptian wig.
    (NG, Aug., 1974, S.W. Matthews, p.171)

745BC-727BC    Tiglath-Pileser III ruled as the Assyrian king.
    (R.M.-P.H.C.p.63)

734BC    Rezon of Syria, and Pekah of Samaria were in league, whereas Ahaz of Jerusalem had become a vassal of the king of Assyria. The Philistines had attached themselves to the Syrian league, so that Tiglath-Pileser came up with the special purpose of sacking Gaza. Hanunu, the king of Gaza, fled to Sebako, king of Egypt; but he afterwards returned and, having made submission, was received with favor.
    (R.M.-P.H.C.p.63)

732BC    Tiglath-pileser III, an Assyrian, took Damascus and killed Rezin. He then captured many cities of northern Israel and took the people to Assyria. The Egyptian troops had at one time joined forces with Damascus, Israel and some other states to resist Shalmaneser III at Qarqar.
    (www.crystalinks.com/dynasty21.html)

722BC    Hoshea, the king of Israel, sent messengers to Osorkon in Egypt. He was requesting help against Assyria’s Shalmaneser V. No help was sent. Samaria was captured and the Israelites were taken away to Assyria. The Assyrians conquered Israel and left nothing behind. The Hebrew kingdom of Judah managed to survive. Descendants of the Israelites not exiled by the Assyrians were later known as the Samaritans.
    (eawc, p.7)(WSJ, 10/13/00, p.W15)(www.crystalinks.com/dynasty21.html)
722BC    Samaritans practiced a religion closely linked to Judaism and venerate a version of the Old Testament, but they are not Jews. In the fourth and fifth centuries, the Samaritan population is thought to have topped 1.5 million, but religious persecution and economic hardship had nearly erased it by the early 20th century. By 2013 there were only 750 Samaritans — split between communities in the Israeli city of Holon, near Tel Aviv, and near the West Bank city of Nablus on Mount Gerizim.
    (AP, 4/10/13)

721-705BC    Sargon II ruled as king of Assyria.
    (AM, 7/01, p.33)

720BC    About this time some Jewish tribes went missing after being sent into exile by the Assyrians under Tiglath-Pilesar III. In 2002 Hillel Halkin authored “Across the Sabbath River: In Search of a Lost Tribe of Israel," an account of the search for the lost tribes that included the Gadites, Reubenites and tribe of Manasseh (Menashe) and its possible relationship to the Kuki-Chin-Mizo people of Burma.
    (WSJ, 8/8/02, p.D10)(SSFC, 8/11/02, p.M2)

713BC    Azuri, king of the Philistine city of Ashdod, refused to pay tribute and endeavored to stir up the neighboring princes to revolt. Sargon [of Assyria] came down and expelled Azuri, and established in his stead Azuri's brother, Ahimiti. 
    (R.M.-P.H.C.p.64)

710BC    Hanunu of Gaza was in the revolt against the king of Assyria which led to the battle of Raphia, the first struggle between Egypt and Assyria. Hanunu, the king of Gaza, fled to Sebako (Shebaka), king of Egypt; but returned and, having made submission, was received with favor.
    (R.M.-P.H.C.p.71)

705BC-681BC    Sennacherib, Assyrian king, also had trouble with the Philistines. Mitinti's son, Rukipti, had been succeeded by his son Sarludari, but it seems as though this ruler had been deposed, and a person called Zidka reigned in his stead. Sennacherib found conspiracy in Zidka, and brought the gods of his father's house, himself, and his family into exile to Assyria, restoring Sarludari to his former throne.
    (R.M.-P.H.C.p.64)
705BC-681BC    At the same time the Ekronites had revolted against the Assyrian. Their king, Padi, had remained a loyal vassal to his overlord, but his turbulent subjects had put him in fetters and sent him to Hezekiah, king of Judah, who cast him into prison. The Ekronites summoned assistance from North Arabia and Egypt, and met Sennacherib at El-Tekeh. Here they were defeated, and Sennacherib marched against Ekron, slaying and impaling the chief officers. Padi was rescued from Jerusalem... Sennacherib then cut of some of the territory of Judah and divided it among his vassals...
    (R.M.-P.H.C.p.64)
705BC-681BC    Sennacherib ruled the Assyrians and built a new capital in Ninevah where he began to form a library of Sumerian and Babylonian tablets. He managed to subdue the entire region of western Asia.
    (eawc, p.7)

701BC    The Assyrian King Sennacherib laid siege to Jerusalem.
    (AM, Mar/Apr 97 p.16)

700BC-600BC    The search for the 10 lost tribes of Israel, who were dispersed in the tenth century BCE when the Assyrians conquered part of the Holy Land, is depicted on a CD titled The Myth of the 10 Lost Tribes, by Creative Multimedia Corp.   
    (New Media, 2/95, p.84)

689BC    Sennacherib destroyed Babylon, but his son rebuilt it.
    (eawc, p.7)

681BC-668BC    Esarhaddon, son of Sennacherib became monarch of Assyria after his father was assassinated.
    (R.M.-P.H.C.p.65)

671BC    Esarhaddon [of Assyria] recorded a victory over lower Egypt at the cliff face of the Nahr al Kalb (Dog River), between Beirut and Byblos.
    (NG, Aug., 1974, S.W. Matthews, p.157)

668BC-627BC    Ashurbanipal succeeded Sennacherib as ruler over Assyria. He continued to develop the library and by the time he finished, there were more than 22,000 clay tablets collected.
    (R.M.-P.H.C.p.65)(eawc, p.7)

662BC    The Assyrian Empire collapsed about this time and Egypt enjoyed about a century of independence.
    (eawc, p.7)

648BC    Ashurbanipal destroyed the newly rebuilt city of Babylon.
    (eawc, p.7)

614BC    The Babylonians (particularly, the Chaldeans) with the help of the Medes, who occupied what is today Iran, began a campaign to destroy the Assyrians.
    (eawc, p.8)

612BC    Ninevah (Mesopotamia) fell to the Babylonians. The Chaldeans, a Semitic people, then ruled the entire region thereby issuing in the New Babylonian period that lasted to 539BCE.
    (NG, Aug., 1974, p.174)

609BC    The biblical king Josiah of Judah was slain on Har (Mt.) Megiddo (root of Armageddon) about this time when he was betrayed by Pharaoh Necho, whom he had approached to stop from going to war on the side of the Assyrians against the Babylonians.
    (NG, Aug., 1974, p.180)(WSJ, 4/17/97, p.A20)(www.crystalinks.com/dynasty26.html)

500-600    The monastic complex of David Gareja was founded in the 6th century by David (St. David Garejeli), one of the thirteen Assyrian monks who arrived in Georgia at the same time. His disciples Dodo and Luciane expanded the original lavra and founded two other monasteries known as Dodo's Rka (literally, "the horn of Dodo") and Natlismtsemeli ("the Baptist"). Part of the complex is also located in the Agstafa rayon of Azerbaijan and thus became subject to a border dispute between Georgian and Azerbaijani authorities.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Gareja_monastery_complex)

1853        Hormuzd Rassam (1826-1910), Mosul-born Assyrian, and Sir Austen Henry Layard (1817-1894), British archeologist, uncovered ancient Assyrian tablets at Nineveh (Iraq). Layard published his paper on Assyrian-Egyptian Cross-Dating. By using seal-impressions of rulers occurring on the same piece of clay, Layard was able to assign a date to the Assyrian dynasty because the Egyptian ruler’s reign was firmly dated.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hormuzd_Rassam)(RFH-MDHP, 1969, p.59)(ON, 11/07, p.4)

1860         Henry Creswicke Rawlinson (1810-1895), English diplomat and Assyriologist, authored “Cuneiform Inscriptions of Western Asia," the 1st book on deciphering Assyrian script.
    (ON, 11/07, p.4)(http://tinyurl.com/34fg4f)

1872        Dec 3, George Smith, Assyriologist at the British Museum, presented a lecture before the Biblical Archeology Society in London, on Assyrian tablets that described an ancient flood as part of an epic whose hero was named Gilgamesh.
    (ON, 11/07, p.4)

1873        Mar 2, George Smith, British Assyriologist, arrived at the ruins of Nineveh outside Mosul (Iraq). Over the next few weeks he found tablets referring to more pieces of the Gilgamesh story, a record of kings in the Babylonian dynasties, as well as lists of cuneiform symbols.
    (ON, 11/07, p.5)

1874        George Smith (1850-1876), British Assyriologist, returned to England from Mesopotamia and completed the translation of the Epic of Gilgamesh.
    (ON, 11/07, p.6)

1876        Aug 19, George Smith (b.1840), British Assyriologist, died of dysentery in Syria. He was on his way home from a 3rd trip to Mesopotamia. Smith had completed the translation of the complete Epic of Gilgamesh in 1874.
    (ON, 11/07, p.6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Smith_(assyriologist))

1918        The Yazidis of Sinjar (Iraq) saved hundreds of Armenians and Assyrian Christians as they were being slaughtered by Ottoman Turks and their Kurdish proxies.  The Ottomans retaliated by sending a small army to Sinjar and capturing the revered Yazidi leader , Hamo Sharro, who was sentenced to five years of har labor.
    (Econ, 8/23/14, p.38)

2011        Jun 4, The Chicago Assyrian Dictionary project, begun 1921, was reported complete. It comprised 21 volumes of Akkadian, a Semitic language (with several dialects, including Assyrian) that endured for 2,500 years.
    (AP, 6/4/11)

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