Timeline Bohemia

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History: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bohemia

903        Good King Wenceslaus, saint, duke of Bohemia (928-929), was born.
    (WUD, 1994 p.1622)

903        Good King Wenceslaus, saint, duke of Bohemia (d.929), was born about this time.

997        St. Adalbert was martyred. He brought Christianity to Bohemia.
    (SFC, 4/26/97, p.A12)

1198-1230    Ottocar I served as king of Bohemia.

1200        St. Agnes (d/1281), daughter of Ottocar (King of Bohemia) and Constance of Hungary, was born in Prague about this time. She was canonized in 1989.

1230-1253    King Wenceslas I reigned over Bohemia. His sister, St. Agnes, was canonized in 1989. Both are buried in the Convent of St. Agnes in Prague.
    (SFC, 4/14/96, T-12)

1253-1278    Ottocar II, son and successor of Wenceslaus I, served as king of Bohemia.

1255        Konigsberg (Kaliningrad) was founded on the Baltic Sea by the Bohemian King Otakar II, who came to help Teutonic Knights during their conquest of Prussia disguised as the Christianization effort called the Northern Crusades. It was annexed by Russia in 1945.
    (Econ, 5/14/05, p.55)(www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/Konigsberg)

1271        Sep 17, Wenceslas II, king of Bohemia & Poland (1278-1305), was born.

1296        Aug 10, John the Blind, King of Bohemia, Count of Luxembourg, was born.
    (MC, 8/10/02)

1346        Nov 26, Charles of Luxembourg was crowned German king. He succeeded his father John of Luxemburg as King of Bohemia and Count of Luxembourg.
    (PC, 1992 ed, p.128)

1347        Charles IV (1316-1378) of the House of Luxembourg was crowned King of Bohemia.
    (WSJ, 10/19/05, p.D17)

1355        Charles IV, King of Bohemia, was crowned King of the Holy Roman Empire.
    (WSJ, 10/19/05, p.D17)

1361        Feb 26, Wenceslas IV of Bohemia, Holy Roman Catholic German emperor (1378-1400), was born.
    (WUD, 1994 p.1622)(SC, 2/26/02)

1368        Feb 14-1368 Feb 15, Sigismund (d.1437), son of Charles IV, was born in Nuremberg, Germany. He served as Holy Roman Emperor from 1433-1437.

1378        Nov 29, Charles IV (b.1316), King of Bohemia and Holy Roman Emperor, died.

1397        Aug 16, Albrecht II von Habsburg, king of Bohemia, Hungary and Germany, was born.
    (MC, 8/16/02)

1415        Jul 6, Jan Huss, Bohemian (Czech) religious reformer, was burned as a heretic at the stake at Constance, Germany. He had spoken out against Church corruption.
    (NH, 9/96, p.23)(HN, 7/6/98)

1419        Aug 16, Wenceslas (b.1361), son of Charles IV and King of Germany, died. He served as King Wenceslas IV of Bohemia (1363) and King of the Romans (1378-1400).
1419        Aug 16, Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor, became king of Bohemia following the death of Wenceslaus IV, but was ejected by the Hussites due to the execution of Jan Huss.

1420        Mar 1, Pope Martinus I called for a crusade against the Hussieten (Bohemia).
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1420        Jul 14, Jan Zizka (1360?-1424) led the Taborites in Battle at Vitkov Zizka's hill (Prague). The Taborites beat forces under Sigismund, the pro-Catholic King of Hungary and Bohemia. This was part of the Hussite Wars (1419-1436).

1420        Jul, The Hussites agreed on the Four Articles of Prague, which were promulgated in the Latin, Czech, and German languages. In summery they stated: 1) Freedom to preach the Word of God. 2) Celebration of the Lord's Supper in both kinds (bread and wine to priests and laity alike). 3) No profane power for the clergy. And 4) The same law for laity and priests.

1420-1433    Time of the Hussite wars in Bohemia.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1671)

1430        Oct 3, Jews were expelled from Eger, Bohemia.
    (MC, 10/3/01)

1434        May 30, The Battle of Lipany virtually ended the Hussite Wars. Prokopius leader of Taborites, died in battle.

1437        Dec 9, Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor, died. Major Czech factions had accepted Sigismund as king of Bohemia prior to his death.

1439        Oct 27, Albrecht II von Habsburg (42), king of Bohemia, Hungary and Germany, died.
    (MC, 10/27/01)

1440        Feb 22, Ladislaus V Posthumus, King of Hungary and Bohemia, was born.
    (MC, 2/22/02)

1471        Mar 22, George van Podiebrad, king of Bohemia (1458-71), died.
    (MC, 3/22/02)

1458        Mar 2, Hussite George van Podiebrad was chosen king of Bohemia.
    (SC, 3/2/02)

1503        Mar 10, Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor (1558-1564), was born. He was King of Bohemia and Hungary from 1526-1564.
    (HN, 3/10/01)(WUD, 1994 p.523)

1519        Bohemians minted silver Joachimsthalers, "thalers" for short. This was the basis for the word "dollar."
    (WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R42)

1549        Feb 14, Maximilian II, brother of the Emperor Charles V, was recognized as the future king of Bohemia.
    (HN, 2/14/99)

1456        Mar 1, Wladyslaw Jagiello, king of Bohemia (1471-1516), Hungary (1490-1516), was born.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1457        Nov 23, Ladislaus V (posthumous), king of Hungary and Bohemia, died at 17.
    (MC, 11/23/01)

1576        Oct 12, Rudolf II, the king of Hungary and Bohemia, succeeded his father, Maximillian II, as Holy Roman Emperor.
    (TL-MB, 1988, p.22)(HN, 10/12/98)

1583        Albrecht Wenzel von Wallenstein (d.1634), soldier of fortune, was born. He prospered by providing armed regiments to Ferdnand, the Habsburg emperor. He acquired a fortune through marriage to an elderly widow with huge estates in Moravia. He was appointed governor of Bohemia and later was ordered killed by the emperor.
    (WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R8)

1584        Jan 7, This was the last day of the Julian calendar in Bohemia & Holy Roman empire. The 1582 Gregorian (or New World) calendar was adopted by this time in Belgium, most of the German Roman Catholic states and the Netherlands.
    (SFEC, 10/3/99, Par p.27)(MC, 1/7/02)

1601        Oct 13, Tycho Brahe, astronomer, died in Prague.
    (MC, 10/13/01)

1609        Jul, Emperor Rudolf II granted Bohemia freedom of religion with his Letter of Majesty (Majestatsbrief).

1611        May 23, Matthias von Habsburg was chosen king of Bohemia.
    (MC, 5/23/02)

1611        Matthias, brother of Rudolf II, occupied Prague and captured Rudolf II.
    (WSJ, 1/8/99, p.C13)

1612        Jan 20, Rudolf II von Habsburg (59), emperor of Germany (1576-1612), died in Prague and Matthias became Holy Roman Emperor. In 1912 an enigmatic manuscript, once owned by Rudolf II, was acquired by Wilfrid Voynich and came to be known as the Voynich manuscript.
    (WSJ, 1/8/99, p.C13)(MC, 1/20/02)(www.historylearningsite.co)(Econ, 1/10/04, p.71)

1617-1619    Ferdinand II ruled as king of Bohemia.
    (WUD, 1994, p.524)

1618        May 23, The Thirty Years War (1618-1648) ravaged Germany. It began when three opponents of the Reformation were thrown through a window. The “official" Defenestration of Prague was the “official" trigger for the Thirty Year’s War. Local Protestants became enraged when Catholic King Ferdinand II reneged on promises of religious freedom and stormed Hradcany Castle and threw 3 Catholic councilors out of the window and into the moat. The conflict spread across Europe with most of the fighting taking place in Germany. The Peace of Westphalia in 1648 brought the war to an end and ended the emperor‘s authority over Germany outside the Hapsburg domain.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.90)(NH, 9/96, p.18,22)(HN, 5/23/98)(HNQ, 2/28/00)

1620        Nov 8, The King of Bohemia was defeated at the Battle of White Mountain, Prague. With Hapsburg support in Bohemia the Catholics defeated the Protestants at the Battle of the White Mountain. Weeks of plunder and pillage followed in Prague and after a few months the victors tortured and executed 27 nobles and other citizens and hung 12 heads on iron hooks from the Bridge Tower.
    (NH, 9/96, p.24)(HN, 11/6/98)(MC, 11/8/01)

1630        Aug 13, Emperor Frederick II of Bohemia fired Albrecht von Wallenmanders, his best military commander.
    (HN, 8/13/98)

1635        A Cistercian nunnery and surrounding villages of Sorbs in Germany’s Upper Lusatia remained Catholic after Protestant Saxony priced the land away from Bohemia.
    (Econ, 6/28/08, p.59)

1637        Feb 15, Ferdinand II (58), King of Bohemia, Hun, German Emperor (1619-37), died. Ferdinand III succeeded him as Holy Roman Emperor.
    (440 Int’l., 2/15/99)(MC, 2/15/02)

1730        "Argippo," the only opera Vivaldi (1678-1741) actually wrote for Prague, was staged just one time in Prague. The score was found in 2006 and another staging was set for 2008.
    (AFP, 5/1/08)

1733        May 12, Maria Theresa was crowned queen of Bohemia in Prague.
    (MC, 5/12/02)

1740        Oct 20, Maria Theresa became ruler of Austria, Hungary and Bohemia upon the death of her father, Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI.
    (AP, 10/20/06)

1756        Riedel Glass was founded in Bohemia.
    (WSJ, 11/18/99, p.A24)

1757        Jun 18, Battle at Kolin, Bohemia: Austrian army beat Prussia.
    (MC, 6/18/02)

1774        Dec 18, Empress Maria Theresa expelled Jews from Prague, Bohemia and Moravia.
    (MC, 12/18/01)

1791        Sep, Mozart’s “La Clemenza di Tito" was composed for the coronation festivities of the King of Bohemia.
    (WSJ, 4/10/00, p.A44)

1798        Jun 4, Giovanni Jacopo Casanova (b.1725), fabled Italian seducer, adventurer, spy, librarian, died of prostate cancer in Dux, Bohemia. While at Dux he authored his memoirs: “History of My Life." The standard English edition runs over 3,600 pages. In 2008 Ian Kelly authored “Casanova: Actor, Lover, Priest, Spy."
    (www.1911encyclopedia.org/Giovanni_Jacopo_Casanova_de_Seingalt)(WSJ, 10/24/08, p.W5)

1821        Mar 15, Josef Loschmidt (d.1895), a pioneer of 19th-century physics and chemistry, was born in Putschim (Pocerny), Bohemia. In his first publication (1861) Loschmidt proposed the first structural chemical formulae for many important molecules, introducing markings for double and triple carbon bonds. In 1865 he became the first person to use the kinetic theory of gases to obtain a reasonably good value for the diameter of a molecule. What we call "Avogadro's number" is, in German-speaking countries, called "Loschmidt's number."

1841        The Johann Maresch pottery company began operating in Aussig, Bohemia (later Usti nad Labem, Czech Rep.). At this time Bohemia was under Austrian rule and the firm used the mark “JM Austria."
    (SFC, 9/12/07, p.G7)

1862        Daniel Swarowski was born in Bohemia. He later joined his father in the gem-cutting business. In 1891 he invented a mechanical stonecutter to facet many stones at once and built a new plant in Austria to produce his "Tyrolean Cut Stones."
    (SFC, 5/12/99, Z1 p.7)

1892        Bohemia granted Ludwig Moser (d.1916) permission to make his own glass. He had started decorating glass in 1857. In2008 Moser Glass Works was still operating in Karlsbad, Czech Republic.
    (SFC, 4/2/08, p.G2)

1902        Ernst Wahliss purchased hundreds of original molds  of the defunct Imperial and Royal porcelain Manufactory in Vienna for use in his factory in Turn-Teplitz, Bohemia. From 1903- 1918 he and his sons produced porcelain with a “crown" mark and the word Turn above a shield with the initials EW and the the word Vienna.
    (SFC, 8/3/05, p.G9)

1903        Mar 28, Rudolf Serkin, pianist (Marlboro School of Music), was born in Eger, Bohemia.
    (MC, 3/28/02)

1939        Mar 15, Germany occupied Bohemia and Moravia, Czechoslovakia.
    (Voruta #27-28, Jul 1996, p.2)(WSJ, 12/12/96, p.A13)(HN, 3/15/98)

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