Timeline Bosnia

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Located in south-eastern Europe, Bosnia-Herzegovina is divided into a Bosnian Serb republic and a Muslim-Croat federation. Both parts have wide autonomy but share a common presidency, parliament and government. Muslims make up 48 percent of the population, Serbs 37 percent and Croats 13 percent.

1291        The Catholic Franciscan order arrived in Bosnia.
    (SFC, 4/15/97, p.A10)

1389        Jun 28, The Serbs were defeated in the Battle of Kosovo at the Field of the Blackbirds. Sultan Murat, the Ottoman leader was killed in the battle. Serbs say that Albanians aided the Turkish invaders. Historical evidence shows that both forces were multinational and that Serbs and Albanian fought on both sides. [see Jun 15] In 1999 Ismail Kadare, Albanian author, wrote "Elegy for Kosovo," in which he retells the story of the battle. Bosnian King Tvrtko and other Balkan princes along with Albanians fought under the command of Serbian Prince Lazar.
    (WSJ, 5/7/99, p.A1,18)(SFEC, 7/23/00, BR p.7)

1463        The Ottomans conquered Bosnia.
    (www.bartleby.com/67/314.html)

1479        The Turks erected a mosque in the center of Banja Luka. It was leveled by the Serbs in 1993.
    (WSJ, 8/26/98, p.A1)

1531        In Bosnia Gazi Husrev-bey mosque opened. Books and manuscripts were kept there from 1537-1863, then moved to another building.
    (AP, 1/15/14)

1566        The Stari Most (Old Bridge) was built over the Neretva River in Bosnia. It gave the city of Mostar (bridge keeper) its name. It was destroyed in 1993 by Bosnian Croat artillery. An annual diving contest was held off the bridge since it was built. In 2004 the bridge was reopened.
    (SFC, 5/15/00, p.A12)(WSJ, 6/1/04, p.A1)(Econ, 11/26/05, p.64)

1566        A Serbian Orthodox monastery was built in Zitomislic, Bosnia. It was destroyed in 1992 during the Bosnian War, but was rebuilt and reopened in May 2005.
    (Econ, 11/26/05, p.64)

1699        Prince Eugene of Savoy looted and burned Sarajevo, Bosnia.
    (SSFC, 12/4/05, p.F5)

1762        The Osman-Pasha mosque was built in Trebinje. It was destroyed during the 1992-1995 war.
    (SSFC, 5/6/01, p.A15)

1809        Jul 5-1809 Jul 6, Napoleon beat Austriaís archduke Charles at the Battle of Wagram. He annexed the Illyrian Provinces (now part of Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, and Montenegro), and abolished the Papal States.
    (http://tinyurl.com/vx8dk)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Wagram)

1878        Mar 3, Russia and the Ottomans signed the Treaty of San Stefano, granting independence to Serbia. With the Treaty of San Stefano (and subsequent negotiations in Berlin) in the wake of the last Russo-Turkish War, the Ottoman Empire lost its possession of numerous territories including Bulgaria, Montenegro, Romania, and Serbia. The Russo-Turkish wars dated to the 17th century, the Russians generally gaining territory and influence over the declining Ottoman Empire. In the last war, Russia and Serbia supported rebellions in the Balkans. In concluding the Treaty of San Stefano, the Ottomans released control of Montenegro, Romania and Serbia, granted autonomy to Bosnia and Herzegovina, and allowed an autonomous state of Bulgaria to be placed under Russian control.
    (HN, 3/3/99)(HNQ, 2/23/01)
1878         Mar 3, The Treaty of San Stefano was signed after Russo-Turkish War. It assigned Albanian-populated lands to Bulgaria, Montenegro and Serbia; but Austria-Hungary and Britain blocked the treaty's implementation. Albanian leaders meet in Prizren, Kosova, to form the League of Prizren. The League initially advocated autonomy for Albania. At the Congress of Berlin, the Great Powers overturned the Treaty of San Stefano and divided Albanian lands among several states. The League of Prizren began to organize resistance to the Treaty of Berlin's provisions that affected Albanians.
    (www, Albania, 1998)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_San_Stefano)

1878        Jul 13, The Treaty of Berlin amended the terms of the Treaty of San Stefano, which had ended the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-78. The Congress of Berlin divided the Balkans among European powers. Austria-Hungary and Britain, alarmed at the possibilities of growing Russian power, concluded the Treaty of Berlin, reducing the military and political gains Russia had made with the San Stefano treaty.
    (AP, 7/13/97)(HN, 7/13/98)(HNQ, 2/23/01)

1878-1918    Bosnia came under the rule of the Austrian-Hungarian Empire. A representative from Vienna governed the area.
    (Econ, 11/26/05, p.65)

1880        The Serajevo Brewery was built. Builders dug 3 wells down 600 feet to provide water for the brewery. The Austro-Hungarian empire ruled Bosnia at this time.
    (SFC,10/27/97, p.A8)

1881        The area around Bosnia was annexed by the Austro-Hungarian Empire and Pope Leo XIII reasserted the Catholic Church with dioceses in Sarajevo, Banja Luka and Mostar.
    (SFC, 4/15/97, p.A10)

1882        The Hotel Evropa was built in Sarajevo, Bosnia. It was gutted by Serb shells in 1992. Restoration after the 1992-1995 war was completed in 2008.
    (Econ, 7/19/08, p.60)

1875        Jul 29, Peasants in Bosnia and Herzegovina in the Balkans rebelled against the Ottoman army.
    (HN, 7/29/98)

1878        Bosnia came under Austro-Hungarian. This continued until 1918. A representative from Vienna governed the area.
    (Econ, 11/26/05, p.65)(Econ, 10/20/07, p.72)

1894        Jun 30, Gavrilo Princip, Bosnian assassin (arch-duke Franz Ferdinand), was born.
    (MC, 6/30/02)

1908        Oct 6, Austria annexed Bosnia and Herzegovina.
    (MC, 10/6/01)

1908        Dec 1, The Italian Parliament debated the future of the Triple Alliance and asked for compensation for Austriaís action in Bosnia-Herzegovina.
    (HN, 12/1/98)

1911        The Black Hand was the nickname for a secret society, Unity or Death, formed in 1911 by Serbian army officers seeking liberation of Bosnia from Austrian domination. These nationalist leaders sought the creation of a Greater Serbia.
    (HNQ, 5/29/99)

1912        A small Balkan War broke out and was quelled by the major powers. Albanian nationalism spurred repeated revolts against Turkish dominion and resulted in the First Balkan War in which the Turks were driven out of much of the Balkan Peninsula.   
    (V.D.-H.K.p.290)(Compuserve Online, Grolierís Amer. Acad. Enc./ Albania)

1913        May 30, Conclusion of the First Balkan War.
    (HN, 5/30/98)

1914        Jun 28, Austrian Archduke Francis Ferdinand, heir to Austria-Hungary, and his wife, Sofia, were assassinated in Sarajevo, Bosnia, by a Serb nationalist. As the royal couple rode through the streets of Sarajevo in an open touring car, seven young radicals from an obscure Serbian-Bosnian nationalist group, called the Black Hand, lay in wait. An initial assassination attempt failed, but a wrong turn brought the car near Gavrilo Princip, who fired two shots at point-blank range into the couple's bodies. Within minutes, both the Archduke and Sophia were dead. Princip was arrested, but political tensions were so high between Austria-Hungary and Serbia that war broke out as a result. Like falling dominoes, international alliances brought one country after another into the conflict. The event triggered World War I. In 2011 Adam Hochschild authored ďTo End All Wars: A Story of Loyalty and Rebellion."
    (V.D.-H.K.p.252, 284-285,290)(AP, 6/28/97)(HNPD, 6/28/98)(Econ, 6/4/11, p.93)

1918        Apr 28, Gavrilo Princip (22), Bosnian murderer of arch duke Ferdinand, died in prison of tuberculosis.
    (http://concise.britannica.com)(AP, 4/28/07)

1925        Aug 8, Alija Izetbegovic (d.2003) was born in Bosanski Samac. He later led Bosnia's Muslims during the 1992-95 war for independence and became one of the republic's first postwar presidents.
    (AP, 10/19/03)(SFC, 10/20/03, p.A18)

1928        Ivan Merz (32), Bosnian Croat intellectual and theologian, died of meningitis. He was beatified in 2003 by Pope John Paul II.
    (AP, 6/22/03)

1929        Oct 3, The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes formally changed its name to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. It included the regions of Serbia, Montenegro, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia, Herzegovina, and Macedonia. King Alexander I renamed the Balkan state called the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes, Yugoslavia. The Kingdom had been formed on December 1, 1918 and was ruled by the Serbian Karageorgevic dynasty. It included the previously independent kingdoms of Serbia and Macedonia, the Hungarian-controlled regions of Croatia and Slovenia, the Austrian province of Dalmatia, Carniola and parts of Styria, Carinthia and Istria.
    (AP, 10/3/97)(HN, 10/3/98)(HNQ, 3/26/99)(LCTH, 10/3/99)

c1939        During WW II    Herzegovina became a stronghold of the Croatian Ustashe movement allied to the Nazis. Local clergy was seen condoning and supporting Ustashe mass slayings of ethnic Serbs.
    (SFC, 4/15/97, p.A10)

1941        Dec 15-1941 Dec 23, Catholic Sisters Jula Ivanisevic, Berchmana Leidenix, Krizina Bojanc, Antonija Fabjan and Bernadeta Banja, who helped the poor regardless of religion in the majority Serb village of Pale, Bosnia, were killed in Gorazde and thrown into the River Drina. The sisters were beatified in 2011.
    (AP, 9/24/11)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drina_Martyrs)

1942        Mar 1, Tito established the 2nd Proletariat Brigade in Bosnia.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1942        Mar 5, Josip Broz "Tito" established the 3rd Proletariat Brigade in Bosnia.
    (MC, 3/5/02)

1943        Nov 29, In Yugoslavia partisan Tito formed a temporary government in Jajce, Bosnia.
    (MC, 11/29/01)

1943        Jovan Ducic, a Serb poet born in Trebinje, died in the US. He was reburied in his home town in 2000.
    (SFC, 10/23/00, p.A11)

1944        May 7, There was a German assault on Tito's hideout in Drvar, Bosnia.
    (MC, 5/7/02)

1980        May 4,    Marshal Josip Broz Tito (b.1892), Communist dictator of Yugoslavia (1943-1980), died three days before his 88th birthday. He was a Croat and tried to spread the Serbs out over the six Yugoslav republics so that they would not dominate the country. His policy was considered a major cause of the Bosnian war in the '90s.
    (AP, 5/4/97)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Josip_Broz_Tito)(WSJ, 8/8/95, p. A-10)(WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)

1984        Feb 8, Winter Olympics opened in Sarajevo.
    (HN, 2/7/97)

1990        Jul 31, The Assembly of Bosnia-Herzegovina adopted constitutional amendments by which Bosnia-Herzegovina was declared a democratic state of equal citizens of the peoples of BH, Moslems, Serbs, Croats and others.
    (www.balkan-archive.org.yu/politics/chronology/chron90.html)

1990        The Serb Democratic Party was founded by Radovan Karadzic.
    (SFC, 12/25/98, p.B8)

1991        Apr 6, Bosnian Serbs began a war in a quest for their own ethnically pure republic.
    (SFEC, 7/27/97, p.A6)

1991        Jun 25, The civil war in Yugoslavia began when Croatia and Slovenia proclaimed independence from Yugoslavia.
    (HFA, '96, p.32)(SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)

1991        Nov, Mile Mrksic, Miroslav Radic, and Veselin Sljivan-Canin, officers in the Yugoslav National Army, ordered the massacre of 261 Croats taken out of a Vukovar hospital. Radic surrendered to Serbian authorities in 2003.
    (SFC, 11/30/96, p.A15)(SFC, 4/22/03, A7)

1991        Dec 21, In Bosnia-Herzegovina a Serb minority held an unofficial referendum opposing separation from Yugoslavia. Local Serb leaders proclaimed a new republic separate from Bosnia.
    (SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)(www.vdiest.nl/Europa/boznia.htm)

1992-1994    Croat Gen. Tihomir Blaskic ordered a series of attacks on Muslim villagers in Bosnia as his forces tried to secure the area for Croatia. In 2000 a UN Tribunal sentenced Blaskic to 45 years in prison for war crimes. In 2004 the sentence was reduced to 9 years.
    (SFC, 3/4/00, p.A10)(WSJ, 7/30/04, p.A1)

1992        Jan 3, The UN, led by US Sec. of State Cyrus Vance, brokered a cease-fire between the Croatian government and rebel Serbs. Following subsequent breaches the UN Protection Force (UNPROFOR) put 14,000 peacekeeping troops into Croatia. The EC recognized the independence of Croatia.
    (SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)(SFC, 6/11/96, p.A14)

1992        Feb 29, Bosnia-Herzegovina voted overwhelmingly for independence. The Muslim-led Bosnian government declared independence.
    (SFC, 6/11/96, p.A14)(SFC, 6/19/96, p.A10)

1992        Mar 1, Bosnian Serbs began sniping in Sarajevo, after Croats and Moslems voted for Bosnian independence.
    (HN, 3/1/99)

1992        Mar 3, Bosniaís Muslims and Croats voted for independence in a referendum boycotted by Serbs.
    (SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)

1992        Mar, Dusan Tadic was granted power by Serb authorities who occupied his predominantly Muslim community in the spring of this year. He use it to launch a frenzy of violence in three detention camps, Omarska, Keraterm and Trnopolje near his home village of Kozarac. Milojica Kos, a commander at the Omarska camp, was detained by NATO troops in 1998. In 2002 Dusan Knezevic, a Bosnian Serb accused of atrocities in the camps, gave himself up to the Hague tribunal.
    (SFC, 5/8/96, p.A-11)(SFC, 5/29/98, p.D4)
1992        Mar, The Tarcin camp for holding Serbs began operating in Bosnia about this time. It was not shut down until Jan, 1996.
    (SFC, 12/2/98, p.A10)

1992        Apr 5, A medical student (Suada Dilberovic) became the first fatality of war in Bosnia-Herzegovina as Serb nationalists began forcibly opposing the republic's secession from Yugoslavia.
    (AP, 4/5/97)

1992        Apr 6, Alija Izetbegovic declared independence for Bosnia. The European Community recognized the former Yugoslav republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina as an independent state.
    (AP, 4/6/02)(SFC, 10/20/03, p.A18)
1992        Apr 6, War broke out in northern Bosnia between the Bosnian government and local Serbs who began to lay siege to the capital Serajevo. Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic, a psychiatrist, began the war in Bosnia with the help of Serbian Pres. Slobodan Milosevic, who ruled Yugoslavia and the old Yugoslav Peopleís Army.
    (SFC, 5/8/96, p.A-11) (WP. 6/29/96, p.A20)(SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)

1992        Apr, The EC recognized Bosnia-Herzegovina and the US followed and also recognized Slovenia and Croatia.
    (SFC, 6/11/96, p.A14)   
1992        Apr, Dragan Gagovic became the police chief of Foca. He oversaw the detention of Muslims held in a local sports hall. His men regularly beat and gang-raped female detainees and he personally participated. He was later indicted for war crimes and was killed during an arrest attempt in 1999.
    (SFEC, 1/10/99, p.A17)
1992        Apr, In Bosnia Janko "Tuta" Janjic, car mechanic, became a sub-commander and was responsible for the rape and enslavement of dozens of Muslim women.  In 2000 Janjic killed himself with a grenade when NATO troops came to arrest him.
    (SFC, 10/14/00, p.A10)(www.un.org/icty/indictment/english/foc-ii960626e.htm)

1992        Serb forces overran Bosanski Samac. Mayor Blagoje Simic was later accused of instigating and planning atrocities against non-Serb men. In 2001 he gave himself up to the war crimes tribunal in the Hague.
    (SFC, 3/13/01, p.A15)

1992        Apr-1992 Jul, Mladen Vuksanovic (d.1999 at 57), writer and journalist, wrote a diary during the first 100 days of rule by Radowan Karadzic in Pale, Bosnia. The diary was published in Croatia in 1997 as "Pale, a Diary, April-July 1992."
    (SFC, 10/26/99, p.B4)

1992        May 2, Ejup Ganic took over as Bosnia's acting president. Serbian prosecutors later alleged that Ganic personally commanded a series of attacks on illegal targets across Sarajevo, including an officers' club, a military hospital and what the Serbs describe as a medical convoy making its way out of town.
    (AP, 3/4/11)

1992        May 3, Yugoslav Army seized Bosnian Pres. Alija Izetbegovic on his return from peace talks in Lisbon. He was released the next day.
    (www.nytimes.com/specials/bosnia/context/apchrono.html)
1992        May 3, Armed men cruised into Doboj and began a process of ethnic cleansing that pushed 62,000 non-Serbs from their homes in the surrounding area.
    (WSJ, 11/3/97, p.A22)

1992        May 5, Yugoslav troops evacuated Sarajevo under a deal struck with the UN. The troops  clashed with Bosnians under the leadership of Ejup Ganic. Some 42 soldiers were killed.
    (Econ, 3/6/10, p.70)(www.ess.uwe.ac.uk/comexpert/ANX/VI-01.htm#II.B.1)

1992        May 11, Leaders of 12 European countries recalled their ambassadors from Serb-dominated Yugoslavia to protest Serb involvement in Bosnia's ethnic war.
    (AP, 5/11/97)

1992        May 19, Members of a Bosnian Serb paramilitary group allegedly killed 11 detained Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) civilians in the Hunters Lodge in Mostina, shooting from automatic rifles and throwing hand grenades through an opened door. In 2010 Milan Kornjaca (56) Milorad Zivkovic 54) and Dusko Tadic (46) were charged with taking part in the killing.
    (Reuters, 6/9/10)

1992        May 24-1992 Aug 30, Serbian forces confined over 3,000 Bosnian Muslims and Croats in inhuman conditions at the Keraterm prison camp. Detainees were killed, sexually assaulted and beaten. In 1999 Dragan Kulundzija, a shift commander at Keraterm, was arrested on charges of killing and torturing prisoners.
    (SFC, 6/8/99, p.A12)
1992        May 24-1992 Aug 30, Damir Dosen served as a shift commander at the Keraterm prison camp in northwestern Bosnia. Hundreds of Croats and Muslims were tortured and died at a camp near Prijedor. In 1999 Dosen, a Bosnian Serb, was arrested for war crimes and flown to the Hague for trial.
    (WSJ, 10/26/99, p.A1)(SFC, 11/9/99, p.A14)

1992        May 25-1992 Aug 30, Dragoljub Prcac, a Bosnian Serb, served as the deputy commander of the Omarska prison camp. He was arrested by NATO peacekeepers for war crimes in 2000. In 2001 Prcac and 3 others received sentences of 5-20 years. Zoran Zigic was sentenced to 25 years for his acts of violence.
    (SFC, 3/6/00, p.A12)(SFC, 11/3/01, p.C2)

1992        May 27, The 12-nation European Community imposed trade sanctions on Serbia to stop its interference in Bosnia-Herzegovina.
    (AP, 5/27/97)

1992        May, Bosnia, Croatia and Slovenia joined the UN.
    (SFC, 6/11/96, p.A14)
1992        May, Ilija Jurisic, a Bosnian security officer, ordered an attack on a Yugoslav army convoy that killed at least 50 soldiers. In 2009 Jurisic was found guilty of ordering the attack against the Serb-led army convoy consisting of dozens of army trucks carrying some 100 soldiers withdrawing from the predominantly Muslim Bosnian town of Tuzla. The Serbian court sentenced him to 12 years in prison. On Oct 11, 2010, an appeals court overturned the conviction and 12-year prison sentence.
    (AP, 9/28/09)(AP, 10/11/10)
1992        May, The UN security council approved new commercial sanctions against Yugoslavia, i.e. Serbia, for backing rebel Serbs in Croatia and Bosnia.
    (SFC, 6/11/96, p.A14)(SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)
1992        May, Local Muslim forces attacked the Serb village of Bjelovcina in the Konjic district. Serb prisoners suffered at the Celebici camp. In 1997 Mirko Babic testifies that he was forced to drink urine, lick his captorís boots and had his leg set on fire with gasoline.
    (SFC, 3/13/97, p.A13)
1992        May, The Luka prisoner camp in Brcko was commanded by Goran Jelisic. He was later indicted by the UN for killing 16 Muslims and countless detainees. He was picked up by UN troops in 1998. In 1998 Jelisic, who called himself "the Serb Adolf," pleaded guilty to the murder of 12 Muslims and Croats. Jelisic was acquitted of genocide but convicted of 31 accounts of torture and murder. In 1999 he was sentenced to 40 years in prison.
    (SFC, 1/22/98, p.E2)(SFC, 10/30/98, p.A16)(SFC, 10/20/99, p.B2)(SFC, 12/15/99, p.A16)

1992        May-1992 Oct, In Bosnia Dragan Nikolic commanded the Susica detention camp near Vlasenica. He was arrested in 2000 for war crimes at the camp where an estimated 8,000 Muslims were held.
    (SFEC, 4/23/00, p.C17)

1992        May-1992 Nov, Nikola Vuckovic, a Bosnian-Serb soldier, allegedly beat and tortured Bosnian Muslims and Croats during this period. Vuckovic later moved to the US and was sued by a victim in 1998. Vuckovic returned to Bosnia in 2001 and was put on trial in Atlanta in absentia.
    (SFC, 10/22/01, p.B1)

1992        May-1992 Dec, At least 14 of 250 detainees were killed, tortured, raped or beaten over this period at the Celibici Camp in central Bosnia. On Nov 16, 1998, a UN  tribunal convicted a Bosnian Croat and 2 Muslims for the crimes at Celebici. Hazimn Delic, deputy commander, received a 20 year sentence; Zdravko Mucic, camp warden received 7 years; and Esad Landzo received 15 years.
    (SFC, 11/17/98, p.A14)(SFC, 2/21/01, p.A12)

1992        Jun 1, In Kljuc, Bosnia, local Serbs rounded up Muslims and shot them. About 200 bodies were buried at the cave at Laniste and uncovered in 1996.
    (SFC, 10/15/96, p.A10)

1992        Jun 14, In Sokolina, Bosnia, a massacre occurred that later yielded 47 bodies from a mass grave. Survivors later said that Serbs blew up a busload of Muslim men who had been told that they were on their way to a prisoner exchange.
    (WSJ, 6/25/96, p.A1)(SFC, 6/25/96, p.A8)

1992        Jun 22, In Trnovace, Bosnia, 14 Muslims were massacred. In 1997 Novislav Djajic, member of a Bosnian Serb military unit, was convicted and sentenced to 5 years for participating.
    (SFC, 5/24/97, p.C1)

1992        Jun, Some 140 Muslims were imprisoned and burned alive and others summarily shoot in some of the cruelest ethnic cleansing of the Bosnian war. In 2008 Bosnian Serb cousins Milan and Sredoje Lukic faced charges of murder, extermination and cruel treatment at the UN war crimes tribunal in The Hague for violence in and around the historic south-eastern Bosnian town of Visegrad.
    (AP, 7/9/08)

1992        Jun 30, Planes loaded with food and medicine arrived at the airport in Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina, as part of an international relief effort.
    (AP Internet 6/30/97)

1992        Jun, In Vrbanjci acting police chief Djurdard Kusljic ordered the deaths of 6 Bosnian Muslims. Kusljic was convicted of genocide and murder in 1999 and was sentenced to life in prison.
    (SFC, 12/16/99, p.C2)

1992        Jul 11, It was later alleged on Dutch TV that Dutch troops deliberately drove an armored vehicle into a Muslim blockade on this day and killed as many as 30 people.
    (SFC, 8/21/98, p.A14)

1992        Jul 24, In Bosnia Serb prison guards at the former ceramics factory of Keraterm fired machine guns through metal doors of "Room 3" where over 200 prisoners were trapped. The carnage continued for hours. In 2001 Dusko Sikirica (camp commander), Dragan Kolundzija and Damir Dosen were tried at the Hague for their roles in the slaughter. Sikirica was sentenced to 15 years in prison. Dosen and Kolundzija received 5 and 3 year sentences.
    (SFC, 3/20/01, p.A11)(SFC, 11/14/01, p.A19)

1992        Jul 26, Muhamed Cehajic, mayor of Prijedor, Bosnia, disappeared and was believed killed. Milomar Stakic became mayor and was later accused of direct involvement in establishing concentration camps at Omarska, Keraterm and Trnopolje. Momcilo Radanovic was later accused of leading a brigade that carried out numerous massacres and extortion of money from non-Serbs. Stakic was arrested in 2001 and sentenced to life in prison in 2003. In 2005 Isabelle Wesselingh and Arnaud Vaulerin authored ďRaw Memory: Prijedor, Laboratory of Ethnic Cleansing."
    (SFC, 2/1/97, p.A12)(SFC, 3/24/01, p.A12)(SFC, 8/1/03, p.A3)(Econ, 7/25/05, p.72)

1992        Jul, Yugoslavia was suspended from the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) for fomenting war in Bosnia.
    (SFC, 3/28/98, p.A8)(www.hrw.org/wr2k1/europe/yugoslavia3.html)

1992        Aug 21, Serbian soldiers separated over 200 men, mostly Croats and Muslims, from a convoy of civilians from the Trnopolje detention camp in Bosnia. The captives were taken to a wooded ravine  at Mount Vlasic and shot dead. In 2003 Darko Mrdja, commander of a special police unit, admitted to a court in the Hague of playing a role in the slaughter. In 2009 Bosnian forensic experts found the remains of at least 60 Muslims and Croats in the ravine.
    (SSFC, 7/27/03, p.A8)(AP, 8/26/09)

1992        Aug, Viewers worldwide were shocked by TV pictures of emaciated Muslim captives in Serb-run prison camps in Bosnia.
    (SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)
1992        Aug, The Serb-run Omarska camp closed. Bosnian Serb Dusan Tadic, former cafe owner and karate instructor, was later accused of beating, mutilating, and killing Bosnian Muslims at the concentration camps run by the Serbians at Omarska and Keraterm. On May 7, 1997, he became the first war criminal convicted of war crimes in the Bosnian War between the Bosnian Muslims and the former Yugoslavia.
    (WSJ, 5/9/96, p.A-18)(www.bookrags.com/biography-dusan-tadic-cri/)

1992        Sep 3, An Italian relief plane was shot down by ground-to-air missiles outside of Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina.
    (AP, 9/3/97)

1992        Oct 9, The U.N. Security Council voted to ban all military flights over Bosnia-Herzegovina.
    (AP, 10/9/97)
1992        Oct, Four members of the Avengers, a Serbian paramilitary force, abducted 16 Muslims from a bus in Serbia and took them to Bosnia where they were tortured and executed. In 2005 a Serbian court 4 convicted former Avengers for the murders. 2 men in custody, Djordje Sevic and Dragutin Dragicevic were sentenced to 15 and 20 years respectively. Two others, Milan Lukic and Oliver Krsmanovic, were tried in absentia and received 20-year jail terms.
    (AP, 7/16/05)

1992        Nov 28, In Bosnia-Herzegovina, a breakthrough in the relief effort came with the delivery of 137 tons of food and supplies to the isolated town of Srebrenica (place of silver).
    (AP, 11/28/97)

1992        Dec 31, U.N. Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali was jeered by Bosnians during a visit to Sarajevo.
    (AP, 12/31/97)

1992        Sefir Halilovic helped form the Bosnian army and was its 1st commander for over a year. In 2001 he surrendered to the UN war crimes tribunal to face charges of atrocities committed by his forces against ethnic Croats.
    (SFC, 9/25/01, p.A12)

1992        Zeljko Raznatovic, aka Arkan, was a Serb paramilitary leader involved in the seizure of the north-eastern Bosnian town of Bijeljina, that became a symbol of Serb atrocities.
    (SFC, 5/21/96, p.A-12)

1992        In Brcko Serb soldiers and militiamen conquered the town and expelled the Muslim and Croat population. As many as 7,000 unarmed captives were killed.
    (SFC, 2/15/97, p.A10,11)

1992        In Mostar 3,200 Serbs disappeared and 27,000 were forced to move.
    (WSJ, 8/1/96 p.A15)

1992        Croatian Pres. Franjo Tudjman picked Mate Boban (d.7/7/97) to form an independent enclave of Bosnian Croats. It was called the Croatian Community of Herzeg-Bosna. Muslims and Serbs were purged and some of the worst concentration camps of the war were set up for Muslim civilians.
    (SFC, 7/9/97, p.A15)

1992        Sep, About this time more than 30 Muslims in the Serb-run Omarska camp were murdered. Dusan Tadic, former cafe owner and karate instructor, was convicted in 1997 of participating in the brutal murders.
    (WSJ, 5/9/96, p.A-18)

1992        In Foca Zoran Vukovic, leader of a paramilitary group, tortured and raped Muslim women and forced them to serve as sex slaves to paramilitaries. Vukovic was arrested in 1999 for war crimes and shipped to the Hague.
    (SFC, 12/25/99, p.A16)

1992-1993    Bosnian Croats attacked the Lasva Valley area of central Bosnia. In 1996 nine men were charged with war crimes by the UN tribunal on war crimes. 3 Bosnian Croats were later released for insufficient evidence.
    (SFC, 6/28/96, p.A13)(SFC,12/20/97, p.A10)

1992-1994    Major Gen'l. Stanislav Galic led the Bosnian Serb Sarayevo Romanija Corps. In 1999 Ganic was captured by NATO SFOR troops for war crimes. In 2003 Gen. Galic was sentenced to 20 years in prison.
    (SFC, 12/21/99, p.A16)(SFC, 12/6/03, p.A11)

1992-1995    In 2000 Joe Sacco published "Safe Area Gorazde: The War in Eastern Bosnia 1992-1995," a comic book reportage on the breakup of Yugoslavia.
    (SFEC, 7/2/00, BR p.4)
1992-1995    Gen'l. Momir Talic of Bosnia commanded the 1st Krajina Corps. Talic and Radoslav Brdjanin planned and ordered a terror offensive early in the war that killed hundreds of Muslims and Croats and forced thousands to flee Prijedor a d Sanski. Talic was arrested in Austria in 1999 on a secret UN war crimes indictment. Both men pleaded not guilty to 12 counts of genocide at the Hague. During the 3 Ĺ years of war some 200,000 Bosnians were dead or missing and an estimated 20,000 women were raped. In 2004 Brdjanin was convicted on 8 of 12 charges and sentenced to 32 years in prison. In 2005 a war crimes researcher reduced the death toll in Bosnian war to about 100,000.
    (SFC, 8/26/99, p.A12)(SFC, 1/12/00, p.A11)(SFC, 3/30/00, p.A18)(SFC, 9/2/04, p.A11)(AP, 11/23/05)
1992-1995    The war between Bosnia's Croats, Muslims and Serbs claimed some 100,000 lives. Government officials estimated that at least 20,000 mostly Muslim women were raped during the conflict.
    (AFP, 11/29/10)

1993        Jan 2, Leaders of the three warring ethnic groups in Bosnia-Herzegovina met face-to-face in Geneva.
    (AP, 1/2/98)

1993        Jan 7, A preliminary report prepared for the European Community said Serb fighters may have raped about 20,000 women in Bosnia-Herzegovina.
    (AP, 1/7/98)

1993        Jan 8, Bosnian deputy Prime Minister Hakija Turajlic was shot 7-8 times and killed by Serb gunmen in the presence of French peacekeepers while riding in a UN personnel carrier at a Serb checkpoint near the Serajevo airport. In 1998 government agents arrested Goran Vasic, the suspected gunman of the murder.
    (WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)(AP, 1/8/98)(SFC, 2/7/98, p.A12)

1993        Jan, Heavy fighting and the bitter Serb siege of Serajevo continued. The UN and European Union peace efforts failed and war broke out between Muslims and Croats in Bosnia.
    (SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)
1993        Jan, In Bosnia on the Orthodox Christmas Day Muslim forces in Kravica killed at least 30 people.
    (Econ, 7/25/05, p.18)

1993        Feb 13, The government of Bosnia-Herzegovina began blocking the distribution of food in the capital of Sarajevo to protest ineffective international attempts to stop the war.
    (AP, 2/13/98)

1993        Feb 21, Four days after suspending Bosnian relief operations because of interference from Serbs, Muslims and Croats, U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees Sadako Ogata ordered full resumption of the aid effort. U.N. Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali had rebuked the suspension.
    (AP, 2/21/98)

1993        Feb 23, President Clinton won United Nations support for a plan to airdrop relief supplies to starving Bosnians during an Oval Office meeting with Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali.
    (AP, 2/23/98)

1993        Feb 25, President Clinton ordered the Pentagon to mount an airdrop of relief supplies into Bosnia-Herzegovina.
    (AP, 2/25/98)

1993        Feb 28, Three U.S. planes carried out the first mission to drop relief supplies over Bosnia-Herzegovina. The US Operations Deny Flight, Provide Promise, Deliberate Force, Decisive Edge, Joint Endeavour and others began in Bosnia and Macedonia. They cost $9.7 billion to date in 1999 and left 4 US casualties with 5 wounded.
    (AP, 2/28/98)(WSJ, 9/22/99, p.A8)

1993        Feb, A 15-year-old girl, later identified as FWS-87 by the UN Hague war tribunal, was enslaved, raped and tortured by countless soldiers and then sold for $330 on this date to two soldiers. This was during the assault on the town of Foca in 1992-1993. In 1998 Dragoljub Kunarac (37) pleaded guilty to raping 4 Muslim women. Testimony by FWS-75 was provided against him.
    (SFC, 6/28/96, p.A13)(SFC, 3/10/98, p.A9)

1993        Feb, The UN declared safe areas in Serajevo and five other Muslim enclaves.
    (WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)

1993        Mar 26, President Clinton promised a "full-court press" against Bosnian Serbs to secure their agreement to a United Nations peace plan endorsed by Bosnian Muslims and Croats.
    (AP, 3/25/98)

1993        Apr 2, The Bosnian Serb parliament rejected a peace plan drafted by U.N. and European mediators and already approved by Bosnian Muslims and Croats.
    (AP, 4/2/98)

1993        Apr 12, NATO warplanes began enforcing a United Nations no-fly zone over Bosnia-Herzegovina; meanwhile, Bosnian Serbs bombarded the besieged eastern town of Srebrenica.
    (AP, 5/9/98)

1993        Apr 13, NATO forces began combat patrols over Bosnia to enforce a UN ban on flights.
    (SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)

1993        Apr 16, Bosnian Croats took part in a killing spree in the village of Ahmici and 116 Muslims were massacred and the village set fire. 6 Bosnian Croats went on trial in 1998 in the Hague on charges of war crimes. In 2000 Vladimir Santic, head of the Croat Jokers police unit, was sentenced to 25 years in prison; Drago Josipovic was sentenced to 15 years; Zoran and Mirjan Kupreskic were sentenced to 10 and 8 years, and Vlatko Kupreskic received 6 years. In 2001 the tribunal overturned the convictions, released 3 defendants and reduced the sentences of 2 others. In 2001 an indictment was opened against Pasko Ljubicic, a former Bosnian-Croat military police officer, for war crimes in Ahmici.
    (SFC, 8/19/98, p.C2)(SFC, 1/15/00, p.A11)(SFC, 10/24/01, p.C2)(SFC, 11/1/01, p.C7)

1993        Apr 17, The U.N. Security Council voted to tighten sanctions against Yugoslavia for its role in the Bosnian war.
    (AP, 4/17/98)

1993        Apr 18, The government of Bosnia-Herzegovina agreed to a truce, effectively relinquishing besieged Srebrenica. Meanwhile, Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic threatened to boycott further U.N. peace talks if tougher sanctions against Yugoslavia went into effect.
    (AP, 4/18/98)

1993        Apr 26, President Clinton signed an executive order imposing new economic sanctions against Yugoslavia after the Serbian leadership in Bosnia voted against accepting a U.N.-sponsored plan to end the war.
    (AP, 4/26/98)

1993        Apr, A Bosnian army unit massacred 16 Croatian civilians and at least 4 disarmed soldiers in the village of Trusina.
    (SFC, 4/14/11, p.A5)

1993        May 15, Bosnian Serbs began voting in a two-day referendum that overwhelmingly rejected a U.N.-backed peace plan.
    (AP, 5/15/98)

1993        May 16, A two-day Bosnian Serb referendum on a U.N.-backed peace plan ended, with voters rejecting the proposal by a wide margin.
    (AP, 5/16/98)

1993        May 22, The United States, Russia, France, Britain and Spain agreed to enforce safe areas in Bosnia-Herzegovina, but stopped short of endorsing President Clinton's proposal to use military force.
    (AP, 5/22/98)

1993        Jun 1, A mortar attack on a holiday soccer game in a suburb of Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina, killed at least 15 people and wounded more than 80.
    (AP, 6/1/98)

1993        Jun 4, The U.N. Security Council agreed to send up to 10,000 more U.N. peacekeepers to six Bosnian cities to protect Muslim havens.
    (AP, 6/4/98)

1993        Jun, The UN Security Council voted with 2 abstentions to authorize the use of air strikes by the US and its allies against Serb forces in Bosnia-Herzegovina. Gen. Colin Powell vigorously opposed US military intervention.
    (WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)(SSFC, 12/17/00, p.A15)

1993        Jun, NATO offered close air support to UN troops in Bosnia.
    (SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)

1993        Jul 30, Bosnia's outgunned Muslim-led government abandoned its efforts to hold the region together, agreeing to a preliminary accord to divide the former Yugoslav republic into three ethnic states.
    (AP, 7/30/98)

1993        Sep 29, Bosnia's parliament spurned an international peace plan, voting overwhelmingly to reject it unless Bosnian Serbs returned land taken by force.
    (AP, 9/29/98)

1993        Nov 9, In Bosnia after two days of concentrated cannon fire at point-blank range, the bridge at Mostar finally collapsed into the river. Bosnian Serb armed militia (BSA) fired on a school in Sarajevo and 9 children died.
    (www.haverford.edu/relg/sells/killing.html)(www.hri.org/docs/USSD-Rights/93/Bosnia93.html)

1993        Robert Kaplan published "Balkan Ghosts: A Journey Through History."
    (WSJ, 8/3/99, p.A20)

1993        A Bosnian Croat state, Herzeg-Bosnia, was declared by Croat nationalists during fighting between Muslims and Croats. In Croat controlled parts of Bosnia it collected taxes, ran schools and allowed use of Croatiaís currency.
    (SFC, 6/15/96, p.A10)

1993        Bosnian Croat forces campaigned to drive Muslims out of the Lasva River Valley. A Muslim female was raped during interrogation at Vitez in the presence of paramilitary chief Anto Furundzija. He was convicted Dec 10, 1998, by the Yugoslav War Crimes Tribunal and sentenced to 10 years.
    (SFC, 12/11/98, p.D3)(SFC, 7/22/00, p.C1)

1993        Fikret Abdic declared Bihac an autonomous province. He and his followers fled to Croatia in 1995. He was indicted in 1999 for inhumane treatment of civilians and prisoners of war.
    (SFC, 1/11/99, p.A10)

1993-1994    Members of the Canadian 12th Armored Regiment were assigned to protect the Bakovici mental hospital in Bosnia. Later 57 members were accused of various abuses that included sex, drinking, and patient abuse.
    (SFC, 1/18/96, p.A8)
1993-1994    Mladen Naletilic commanded a gang of convicts who terrorized Muslims in southwestern Bosnia. In 2000 Croatia handed over Naletilic, a Bosnian Croat indicted in 1998 on 17 counts of war crimes, to the UN tribunal.
    (SFC, 3/22/00, p.A12)

1994        Feb 5, Sixty-eight people were killed when a mortar shell exploded in the Markale marketplace in Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina.
    (WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)(SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)(AP, 2/5/99)

1994        Feb 6, A day after a mortar shell killed 68 people in a Sarajevo marketplace, President Clinton called for a United Nations probe.
    (AP, 2/6/99)

1994        Feb 9, NATO delivered an ultimatum to Bosnian Serbs to remove heavy guns encircling Sarajevo, or face air strikes. Hours before the ultimatum was issued, the Bosnian Serbs agreed to withdraw their artillery and mortars from around Sarajevo.
    (AP, 2/9/99)(www.fas.org/man/gao/nsiad-95-148.htm)

1994        Feb 13, Dusan Tadic was arrested by German police in Munich after he was recognized by refugees from the Omarska and Trnopolje prison camps.
    (SFC, 1/27/00, p.A13)

1994        Feb 17, Bosnian Serbs began large-scale withdrawal of its heavy guns from the hills around Sarajevo under pressure from Russia.
    (AP, 2/17/99)

1994        Feb 19, With Bosnian Serbs facing a NATO deadline to withdraw heavy weapons encircling Sarajevo or face air strikes, President Clinton delivered an address from the Oval Office reaffirming the ultimatum.
    (AP, 2/19/99)

1994        Feb 20, Bosnian Serbs, faced with the threat of air strikes, pulled back most of their heavy guns from around Sarajevo as a NATO deadline approached.
    (AP, 2/20/99)

1994        Feb 21, With Bosnian Serbs complying with a NATO ultimatum to remove heavy guns near Sarajevo, President Clinton promised renewed efforts to help "reinvigorate the peace process."
    (AP, 2/21/99)

1994        Feb 23, Military chiefs of Bosnia's Muslim-led government and their second-strongest foes, Bosnia's Croats, signed a truce.
    (AP, 2/23/99)

1994        Feb 28, Two U.S. F-16 fighter jets downed four Serb warplanes that U.N. officials said had bombed an arms plant run by Bosnia's Muslim-led government. This was the first NATO use of force in the troubled area.
    (AP, 2/28/99)(HN, 2/28/99)

1994        Mar 18, Bosnian Muslims and Croats agreed to a federation between them and confederation with Croatia in an agreement brokered by the US. Pres. Tudjman of Croatia approached US diplomats about possible arms shipments from Iran.
    (AP, 3/18/04)(WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)(SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)

1994        Mar 26, U.N. peacekeepers in Bosnia-Herzegovina destroyed a Serb bunker following a seven-hour exchange of fire.
    (AP, 3/26/99)

1994        Mar 30, Serbs and Croats signed a cease-fire to end their war in Croatia while Bosnian Muslims and Serbs continued to battle each other.
    (AP, 3/30/99)

1994        Mar, Pres. Clinton tacitly approved covert Iranian arms shipments to Bosnia despite a UN  arms embargo.
    (SFC, 4/5/96, p.A-1) (WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)

1994        Apr 9, Bosnian Serbs by this time had mounted an aggressive assault on Gorazde and pounded its 65,000 citizens with heavy artillery.
    (SFC, 7/15/96, p.A10)
1994        Apr 9, Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali ordered U.N. troops to use "all available means" to roll back Serb military gains in the Muslim enclave of Gorazde, Bosnia.
    (AP, 4/9/99)

1994        Apr 10, Two U.S. F-16 fighters bombed Bosnian Serb targets in Gorazde, which was under heavy attack. This was NATO's first-ever attack on ground positions. A second air strike took place the following day.
    (SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)(AP, 4/10/99)

1994        Apr 16, Bosnian Serbs downed a British Sea Harrier jet near Gorazde; the pilot ejected and was rescued by Bosnian government troops.
    (AP, 4/16/99)

1994        Apr 17, Bosnian Serb tanks entered the Muslim enclave of Gorazde; the UN Security Council issued a nonbinding statement that condemned the Serbs' escalating military activities, but made no threat of force to back its condemnation.
    (AP, 4/17/99)

1994        Apr 20, The Serbian army bombed Gorazde, Bosnia, and the local hospital was hit.
    (www.snd-us.com/history/dolecek/dolecek_accuse.htm)

1994        Apr 24, Bosnian Serbs, threatened with NATO air strikes, grudgingly gave up their three-week assault on Gorazde, burning houses and blowing up a water treatment plant as they withdrew.
    (AP, 4/24/99)

1994        May, Bosnian offensives opened a road near Tuzla.
    (WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)

1994        Jun 8, Bosnia's warring factions agreed to a one-month cease-fire.
    (AP, 6/8/99)

1994        Jul 4, The United States opened its embassy in Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina, with a Fourth of July party.
    (AP, 7/4/99)

1994        Jul 20, Bosnian Serbs rejected an international peace plan sponsored by the United States, Russia, France, Britain and Germany.
    (AP, 7/20/99)

1994        Jul 27, Bosnian Serbs reimposed their blockade of Sarajevo and fired on a U.N. convoy, killing one British soldier and wounding another.
    (AP, 7/27/99)

1994        Aug 2, Serbia threatened to cut all aid to the Bosnian Serbs if they didn't approve an international peace plan.
    (AP, 8/2/99)

1994        Aug 4, Serb-dominated Yugoslavia withdrew its support for Bosnian Serbs, sealing the 300-mile border between Yugoslavia and Serb-held Bosnia.
    (AP, 8/4/99)

1994        Aug 29, At the end of a weekend referendum, Bosnian Serbs overwhelmingly rejected what was billed as a last-chance peace plan.
    (AP, 8/29/99)

1994        Oct, Bosnian forces defeated the Serbs near Bihac.
    (WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)

1994        Nov 19, The U.N. Security Council, anxious to stop Serb attacks on the "safe area" of Bihac in northwest Bosnia, authorized NATO to bomb rebel Serb forces striking from neighboring Croatia.
    (AP, 11/19/99)

1994        Nov 25, NATO warplanes buzzed the besieged "safe haven" of Bihac in northwest Bosnia but did not carry out airstrikes against rebel Serbs.
    (AP, 11/25/99)

1994        Nov 27, US Defense Secretary William Perry, appearing on NBC's "Meet the Press," suggested the Bosnian government had lost the war in the Balkans, and acknowledged NATO was powerless to stop the Serbs.
    (AP, 11/27/04)

1994        Nov, The Bosnian forces were on the offensive on three fronts and were joined by the Croat militias.
    (WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)

1994        Dec 3, Rebel Serbs in Bosnia failed to keep a pledge to release hundreds of U.N. peacekeepers, some already held for more than a week.
    (AP, 12/3/99)

1994        Dec 4, Bosnian Serbs released 53 of some 400 U.N. peacekeepers held as insurance against further NATO airstrikes.
    (AP, 12/4/99)

1994        Dec 8, Bosnian Serbs released dozens of hostage peacekeepers, but continued to detain about 300 others.
    (AP, 12/8/99)

1994        Dec 14, Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic asked former U.S. President Jimmy Carter to mediate a lasting peace in Bosnia.
    (AP, 12/14/02)

1994        Dec 18, Former U.S. president Jimmy Carter arrived in Bosnia-Herzegovina on a private mission to seek an end to 32 months of war.
    (AP, 12/18/99)

1994        Dec 19, Former President Jimmy Carter, on a peace mission to Bosnia-Herzegovina, met with Bosnian Serb leaders, who offered a four-month cease-fire.
    (AP, 12/18/99)

1994        Dec 20, Former President Jimmy Carter succeeded in getting Bosnia's warring factions to agree to a temporary cease-fire.
    (AP, 12/20/99)

1994        Dec 23, Bosnian Serbs and the Muslim-led government agreed to a week-long truce beginning the next day as they worked on details of a four-month cease-fire.
    (AP, 12/23/99)

1994        Dec 31, Bosnian government officials and Bosnian Serb leaders signed a U.N.-brokered cease-fire agreement.
    (AP, 12/31/99)

1994        Noel Malcolm published "Bosnia: A Short History."
    (WSJ, 5/5/98, p.A20)

1994        US Pres. Clinton assigned Richard Holbrooke, ambassador in Germany, to be in charge of European Affairs at the State Dept. This meant that he was to handle affairs concerning Bosnia.
    (SFEC, 8/16/98, BR p.9)

1994        The area of the world being mined most heavily is the war zone of the former Yugoslavia, where 3 million mines have been laid in just a few years.
    (UNICEFF Mailer,11/94)

1994-1995    Depleted uranium shells were used by NATO forces against Bosnian Serb positions around Serajevo.
    (WSJ, 1/11/00, p.A14)

1995        Jan 1, In Bosnia a four month truce between the Bosnian Serbs and the Bosnian government was brokered by former Pres. Jimmy Carter.
    (WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)(SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)

1995        Jan, Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic reportedly made contact with an arms dealer, Nikolas Oman, to buy a secret nuclear device of red mercury for $6 million cash and an additional $60 million from the mortgage of a state-owned refinery.
    (SFEC,12/14/97, p.A25)

1995        Jan, British Lieutenant General Rupert Smith, UN commander in Bosnia, arrived in the Bosnian capital and set up an intelligence cell.
    (SFC, 6/4/96, p.A12)

1995        Feb 13, The Hague War Crimes Tribunal indicted 21 Serbs. Zeljko Meakic, Bosnian Serb police officer, was charged with commanding the Serb Omarska camp in northwest Bosnia. Dusan Tadic, Bosnian Serb cafe owner, was charged for visiting Serb-run camps to beat and kill non-Serb inmates.
    (WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)(SFC, 11/30/96, p.A15)

1995        Mar 20, The Bosnian army, having gained strength despite an arms embargo, launched a major offensive in the northeast against Serb positions.
    (WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)(SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)

1995        Mar 1, The Bosnian Serb government received a $60 million mortgage for the oil refinery in Srpski Brod from a Liberian-owned company, Orbal Marketing Service Ltd.
    (SFEC,12/14/97, p.A25)

1995        Mar, Delivery was made to the Bosnian Serbs in late March of a supposed nuclear device of red mercury at the Gradiska border. It was discovered to be a swindle.
    (SFEC,12/14/97, p.A25)

1995        Apr, The intelligence cell of Gen. Smith determined that Mladic was preparing for a major push to seize the 3 eastern safe areas: Srebrenica, Zepa and Gorazde.
    (SFC, 6/4/96, p.A12)

1995        May 1, The Croatian army captured the Serb enclave of Western Slavonia in its first major bid to retake occupied territories. In reply the Krajina Serbs launched a rocket attack on Zagreb, the Croatian capital. Milan Martic, Croatian Serb leader of rebel Serb forces, ordered the shelling of Zagreb.
    (SFC, 11/30/96, p.A15)(SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)

1995        May 24, Gen. Janvier told the UN Security Council that the Bosnian government forces were sufficient to defend Srebrenica, that UN troops should be withdrawn and that NATO air power was not needed.
    (SFC, 6/4/96, p.A12)

1995        May 25, NATO warplanes struck Bosnian Serb headquarters.  Serbs answered with swift defiance, storming UN weapons depots, attacking safe areas and taking peacekeepers as hostages.
    (AP, 5/25/00)

1995        May 26, Serbs bombarded Serajevo. On Jun 6 NATO launched 2 air raids against an ammunition dump in Serb-held central Bosnia.
    (SFC, 6/7/96, p.A10)(SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)

1995        May 27, In Bosnia General Mladic launched an assault against the UN observation point of the Vrbanja bridge. French soldiers Marcel Amaru and Jacky Humboldt were killed in the operation of liberating the Vrbanja Bridge under siege in Sarajevo. They became the symbol of the 84 French soldiers, who gave their lives for Bosnia.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UNPROFOR)(http://tinyurl.com/qdsxo)

1995        May 28, Bosniaís foreign minister and three colleagues were killed when rebel Serbs shot down their helicopter.
    (AP, 5/28/00)

1995        May 30, In a letter to UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic demanded guarantees of no further NATO air attacks and de facto recognition of a self-styled Serb state.
    (AP, 5/30/00)

1995        May, The Croatian Army overran Pakrac and some 4,100 Serbs were never heard from again.
    (WSJ, 8/1/96 p.A15)

1995        Jun 2, A U.S. Air Force F-16C was shot down by Bosnian Serbs while on a NATO air patrol in northern Bosnia; the pilot, Capt. Scott F. O'Grady, was rescued six days later.
    (AP, 6/2/97)

1995        Jun 3, Mladic forces seized a Dutch observation post.
    (SFC, 6/4/96, p.A12)

1995        Jun 4, French General Bernard Janvier, supreme UN military commander in the former Yugoslavia, met with Bosnian Serb military commander, Ratko Mladic. He pleaded for the release of UN captives and offered to halt future NATO air attacks.
    (SFC, 6/7/96, p.A10)

1995        Jun 6, NATO launched 2 air raids against an ammunition dump in Serb-held central Bosnia.  The air strikes touched off a crises in which [270] 350 UN peacekeepers were taken hostage by Bosnian Serbs. Serb forces seized 270 UN peacekeepers, shackled them to potential targets, and ordered them to plead on camera for the NATO air attacks to stop. Serbia improved its relations with the West by helping to arrange the release of the hostages.
    (SFC, 6/7/96, p.A10)(SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)

1995        Jun 8, U.S. Air Force pilot Captain Scott O'Grady was rescued by U.S. Marines after surviving alone in Bosnia after his F-16 fighter was shot down.
    (HN, 6/8/99)

1995        Jun 9, UN representative Akashi summoned Gens. Janvier and Smith to resolve their differences over military policies in Bosnia. Shortly after Yasushi Akashi publicly affirmed that the UN would abide by peacekeeping principles - shorthand for no more air attacks.
    (SFC, 6/4/96, p.A10,12)

1995        Jun 16, Bosnian government forces aided by Bosnian Croats unleashed a major offensive in hopes of breaking the Serb stranglehold on Sarajevo.
    (AP, 6/16/00)

1995        Jun 18, The Bosnian Serbs announced the resumption of cooperation with the UN. The UN hostages in Bosnia were freed. A planned NATO air strike was vetoed.
    (SFC, 6/4/96, p.A12)(www.washington-report.org/backissues/0995/9509111.htm)

1995        Jul 6, At 3:15AM The UN safe area at Srebrenica came under attack by the Bosnian Serb armyís Drina corps under Genl. Radislav Krstic, and some 7,500 Muslim men and boys were killed. The acquisition and delivery of arms was organized by Yugoslav army officer Mirko Krajisnik, brother to Momcilo Krajisnik, president of the Bosnian Serb assembly. In 1998 Chuck Sudetic published "Blood and Vengeance: One Familyís Story of the War in Bosnia." The book focused on the Srebrenica killings. 300 Dutch troops were later accused of not preventing the Serbs from overrunning the town. Bosnian Serb Geníl. Radislav Krstic was arrested in 1998 for genocide in the 1995 takeover of Srebrenica. In 1999 the UN issued a 155-page report that admitted its failure to block the massacre. Krstic was convicted in 2001. In 2003 Bosnian Serb officers Momir Nikolic and Dragan Obrenovic described the massacre as a well-planned and deliberate killing operation. In 2003 An Int'l. Court sentenced Col. Dragan Obrenovic (40) to 17 years in prison for his role in the slaughter of more than 7,000 men and boys in Srebrenica.
    (SFC, 6/4/96, p.A12)(SFC, 8/12/98, p.A14)(SFC, 12/3/98, p.A16)(SFC, 11/16/99, p.A1)(SFC, 3/14/00, p.A10)(SFC, 8/3/01, p.A1)(SSFC, 10/11/03, p.A14)(AP, 12/11/03)

1995        Jul 7, UN military observers appealed to the UN to "stop the carnage and damage in a UN declared safe zone."
    (SFC, 6/4/96, p.A12)

1995        Jul 8, Shelling resumed and the Dutch abandoned 3 posts under direct fire. 30 Dutch troops were taken by the Serbs to Bratunac.
    (SFC, 6/4/96, p.A12)

1995        Jul 9, The Dutch again asked for air support but it was refused.
    (SFC, 6/4/96, p.A12)

1995        Jul 11, Srebrenica, a UN declared "safe area," fell to the Bosnian Serbs. 7,000 Muslim men supposedly escaped but were never heard from again. Drazen Erdemovic (24) later admitted that he participated in killing 70 men at Srebrenica. Victims were shot in the back in groups of 10 by himself and fellow soldiers in the Bosnian Serb Armyís 10th Sabotage Detachment. He was told that he would be killed if he refused to follow orders. In 1998 the book "The Graves: Srebrenica and Vukovar" was published with photographs by Gilles Peress and text by Eric Stover.
    (SFC, 6/4/96, p.A12)(SFC, 7/7/96, A10) (SFC, 6/1/96, p.A10)(SFEC, 12/20/98, BR p.6)
1995        Jul 11, Videotape showed Gen. Ratco Mladic entering Srebrenica.
    (SFC, 7/4/96, p.A8)
1995        Jul 11-1995 Jul 16, In the Srebrenica Massacre buses arrived to take women and children to Muslim territory, while the Serbs began separating out all men from age 12 to 77 for "interrogation for suspected war crimes". It is estimated that 23,000 women and children were deported in the next 30 hours while hundreds of men were held in trucks and warehouses. On 13 July killings of unarmed Muslims took place in one such warehouse in the nearby village of Kravica. By July 16 Early reports of massacres emerged as the first survivors of the long march from Srebrenica began to arrive in Muslim-held territory. Between July 11 and July 16 more than 7,000 unarmed Muslim men are thought to have been killed by Serbian forces.
    (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/675945.stm)

1995        Jul 12, In Bosnia Momir Nikolic, an intelligence officer, was nearby when 80-100 prisoners were decapitated and their headless corpses loaded onto trucks. Nikolic was arrested in 2002 on charges that he was responsible for the killing of some 1,000 Muslim males (16-60), who were taken from a UN compound in Jul 1995. He was also charged for the deaths of 6,000 more prisoners captured while fleeing from Srebrenica. In 2003 Nikolic pleaded guilty to war crimes. In 2003 Nikolic accepted that he was on duty when 80-100 prisoners were decapitated and their corpses loaded onto trucks. Prosecutors recommended 20 years in prison.
    (SFC, 4/4/02, p.A8)(AP, 5/6/03)(AP, 10/28/03)

1995        Jul 16, Early reports of massacres in Bosnia emerged as the first survivors of the long march from Srebrenica began to arrive in Muslim-held territory. Following negotiations between the UN and the Bosnian Serbs, the Dutch were at last permitted to leave Srebrenica, leaving behind weapons, food and medical supplies.
    (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/675945.stm)

1995        Jul 21, At a 16-nation conference in London, the United States and NATO allies warned Bosnian Serbs that further attacks on UN safe havens would draw a "substantial and decisive response."
    (AP, 7/21/00)
1995        Jul 21, Dusko Sikirica, Bosnian Serb, was indicted for genocide by the UN War Crimes Tribunal for running the Serb Keraterm camp in northwest Bosnia in 1992.
    (SFC, 11/30/96, p.A15)

1995        Jul 23, The United Nations ordered the first combat unit from its rapid reaction force to Sarajevo to take out any rebel Serb guns that fire at U.N. peacekeepers.
    (AP Internet 7/23/97)

1995        Jul 25, Two weeks after overrunning Srebrenica, Bosnian Serbs took over the safe area of Zepa.
    (WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14) (SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)
1995        Jul 25, Radovan Karadzic and Geníl. Ratko Mladic were indicted for genocide by the UN War Crimes Hague Tribunal for commanding forces responsible for sniping in Serajevo and for genocide and crimes against humanity. Also indicted was Milan Martic, Croatian Serb leader of rebel Serb forces, for ordering the shelling of Zagreb in May Ď95.
    (WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)(SFC, 11/30/96, p.A15)

1995        Jul 26, The US Senate voted 69-to-29 to unilaterally lift the UN embargo on arms shipments to Bosnia.
    (AP, 7/26/00)

1995        Jul 27, Satellite photos revealed fresh graves in the area of Srebrenica.
    (SFEC, 3/19/00, p.A30)

1995        Jul, Drazen Erdemovic (24), an ethnic Croat, participated in killing 70 men at Srebrenica. He later admitted that victims were shot in the back in groups of 10 by himself and fellow soldiers in the Bosnian Serb Armyís 10th Sabotage Detachment. He was told that he would be killed if he refused to follow orders. In Nov 1996, the UN War Tribunal sentenced him to ten years in prison.
    (SFC, 6/1/96, p.A10)
1995        Jul, Forensic experts in 1998 began exhuming 274 bodies in the village of Donja Glumina. They were believed to be Bosnian Muslims killed in Srebrenica by Serbs in Jul 1995.
    (SFC, 10/12/98, p.A8)
1995        Jul, A UN War Crimes Tribunal in the Hague issued indictments. Dusko Sikirica, who commanded a camp at Prijedor in 1992 where over 3,000 Bosnian Muslims and Croats were killed and tortured, was among the indicted. Sikirica was arrested in 2000.
    (SFC, 6/26/00, p.A12)(WSJ, 6/26/00, p.A1)
1995        Jul, Serb troops made some video tapes of their killings. In 2005 a video was shown by the War Crimes Tribunal that displayed the murder of 6 civilians including Azmir Alispahic (16) on Mount Treskavica near Pale.
    (AP, 6/3/05)

1995        Aug 1, NATO threatened major air strikes if any more "safe areas" were attacked in Bosnia.
    (SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)

1995        Aug 4, Croatia launched an offensive against Krajina and captured in days a region that Serb rebels had held for 4 years. Most of its province of Krajina, including the Serb stronghold Knin, was taken in a 3-day offensive.
    (WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)(SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)

1995        Aug 11, Pres. Clinton vetoed a congressional move to end the arms embargo on Bosnia and sent Envoy Richard Holdbrooke on a new peace mission.
    (WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)(SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)

1995        Aug 19, Three top US diplomats heading to peace talks in Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina, were killed when their armored vehicle plunged off a muddy road and exploded.
    (AP, 8/19/00)

1995        Aug 28, A mortar shell tore through a crowded market in Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina, killing 38 people and triggering NATO airstrikes against the Bosnian Serbs. Bosnian Serb shells hit Serajevo near the main market and killed 37 people and wounded 85 others.
    (SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)(HTNet, 8/28/99)(AP, 8/28/00)

1995        Aug 30, Bosnian Serbs gave Serbian Pres. Slobodan Milosevic authority to negotiate for them. The West pounded the Bosnian Serbs with artillery and air attacks in hopes of bludgeoning them into serious peace talks.
    (SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)(AP, 8/30/00)

1995        Aug 30-31, NATO planes and UN artillery blasted Serb targets in Bosnia in response to the market attack in Serajevo.
    (WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)(SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)

1995        Aug, Some 200,000 Serbs were moved from the Krajina region. More than 4,500 were killed and some 3,000 are still listed as missing in an operation that was directed by retired American generals through MPRI of Alexandria, Va. About 14,000 Krajina Serbs ended up in Kosovo until 1998, when they left as violence spread.
    (WSJ, 8/1/96 p.A15)(SFC, 7/6/99, p.B1)

1995        Sep 3, Testing Serb will the United Nations reopened a route to Sarajevo and threatened more air attacks if the rebel stranglehold of the Bosnian capital didnít end.
    (AP, 9/3/00)

1995        Sep 9, Bosnian Serbs blamed UN forces for a shell that killed ten people at a Bosnian Serb hospital the day before.
    (AP, 9/9/00)

1995        Sep 14, Bosnian Serbs agreed to move heavy weapons and tanks away from Serajevo. NATO halted bombing in response.
    (WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)(SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)

1995        Sep 15, A Muslim-Croat offensive won 1,500 square miles of land. More than 150,000 Serbs fled, many to Eastern Slovenia.
    (SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)

1995        Sep 26, Bosniaís warring factions agreed on guidelines for elections and a future government.
    (AP, 9/26/00)

1995        Sep 30, US envoy Richard Holbrooke, trying to negotiate a Bosnian cease-fire, ended inconclusive talks with the Sarajevo government and headed for Belgrade to try his luck with the Serbs.
    (AP, 9/30/00)

1995        Sep, The US warned Bosnia to desist from an offensive against the Serb stronghold of Banja Luka.
    (WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)

1995        Oct 5, Pres. Clinton announced that a cease-fire was agreed on in Bosnia to start on Oct 10, and that combatants would attend talks in the US. Bosniaís combatants agreed to a 60-day cease-fire and new talks on ending their three and a-half years of battle.
    (SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)(AP, 10/5/00)

1995        Oct 11, A cease-fire was declared in Bosnia.
    (WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)

1995        Oct 12, After a 2-day delay, a cease-fire in Bosnia went into effect a minute after midnight. Fighting continued over contested towns in northwest Bosnia.
    (SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)

1995        Oct 16, Bosnian Serb leader Karadzic fired four generals for battlefield losses. Appeals were made to Serbian leader Milosevic for protection.
    (WSJ, 10/17/95, A1)
1995        Oct 16-1995 Oct 18, Richard Holbrooke and other international mediators met in Moscow and traveled to the main capitals of the former Yugoslavia. The US named the Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in Dayton, Ohio, as the site for the peace talks.
    (SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)

1995        Nov 1, Peace talks for the countries of the former Yugoslavia were launched in Dayton, Ohio.
    (SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)

1995        Nov 7, Mile Mrksic, Miroslav Radic, and Veselin Sljivan-Canin, officers in the Yugoslav National Army, were indicted for genocide by the UN War Crimes Tribunal for ordering the massacre of 261 Croats taken out of a Vukovar hospital in 1991.
    (SFC, 11/30/96, p.A15)

1995        Nov 10, Dario Kordic, ex-chairman of the Croatian Party in Bosnia, and Geníl. Tihomir Blaskic, former leader of the Bosnian Croat militia, were indicted for genocide by the UN War Crimes Tribunal for commanding forces responsible that killed hundreds of Muslims in Central Bosnia in 1992-93.
    (SFC, 11/30/96, p.A15)

1995        Nov 16, Radovan Karadzic and Geníl. Ratko Mladic were again indicted for genocide by the UN War Crimes Tribunal for ordering the slaughter of Muslims after the takeover of Srebrenica.
    (SFC, 11/30/96, p.A15)

1995        Nov 21, The Dayton Peace Accord, was initialed by the leaders of Bosnia, Croatia and Serbia. US Sec. of State, Warren Christopher and chief mediator Richard Holbrooke manage to keep the parties talking for over 3 weeks to reach this agreement to end three and a-half years of ethnic fighting in Bosnia-Herzegovina. One year deployment of 20,000 US troops as one-third of a NATO peace keeping force was estimated to cost about $1.5 bil. The US also planned to contribute $600 mil over three years to help rebuild Bosnia.
    (WSJ, 11/22/95, p.A1,3)(SFC, 10/6/00, p.A19)(AP, 11/21/00)

1995        Nov 23, Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic grudgingly accepted the US-backed peace plan for the former Yugoslavia after meeting with Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic.
    (AP, 11/23/00)

1995        Nov 24, Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic promised during a televised address to accept a U-S-brokered peace plan.
    (AP, 11/24/00)

1995        Nov 26, Senior US officials declared the Dayton treaty on Bosnia was final, rejecting demands from Bosnian Serbs that provisions relating to the future of Sarajevo be changed.
    (AP, 11/26/05)

1995        Nov, Top Bosnian Serb leaders were indicted by a UN war crimes tribunal. The charges were the second set leveled against Radovan Karadzic and Ratko Mladic.
    (WSJ, 11/17/95, p.A-1)

1995        Dec 4, In a near-freezing drizzle, the first NATO troops landed in the Balkans to begin setting up a peace mission that brought American soldiers into the middle of the Bosnian conflict.
    (AP, 12/4/00)

1995        Dec 7, 5000 Serbs protested in Serajevo against the US brokered peace accord. They were opposed to control by the Bosnian-Croat federation.
    (WSJ, 12/8/95, p.A-1)

1995        Dec 14, An agreement for peace in Bosnia, reached at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in Dayton, Ohio, was formally signed. Presidents Alija Izetbegovic of Bosnia, Slobodan Milosevic of Serbia and Franjo Tudjman of Croatia signed the Bosnian peace treaty in Paris. The agreement divided Bosnia into 2 autonomous territories and granted 51% of Bosnia to the Muslim-Croat federation and 49% to the Serbs (Republika Srpska). Elections were scheduled and a force of 60,000 Western troops was planned for deployment. A 3-member presidency and a national parliament was also part of the plan. The office of High Representative was created to oversee the implementation of the civilian aspects of the Peace Agreement.
    (SFC, 1/19/98, p.A8)(SFC, 9/22/98, p.A8)(AP, 12/14/00)(www.ohr.int/)

1995        Dec 20, In Bosnia-Herzegovina, NATO began its peacekeeping mission, taking over from the United Nations.
    (AP, 12/20/00)

1995        Dec 31, The first US tanks crossed a pontoon bridge over the Sava River from Croatia to Bosnia to start the deployment of 20,000 US troops under IFOR, the Implementation Force under NATO command.
    (WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)
1995        Dec 31, Bosnian government officials and Bosnian Serb leaders signed a UN-brokered cease-fire agreement.
    (AP, 12/31/00)

1995        Dec, The Sarajevo government decreed in a law that any Sarajevo residents who were outside the city had seven days to reclaim their homes if they were in Bosnia and 14 days if they were out of the country.
    (SFC, 6/1/96, p.A10)

1995        The US Predator surveillance drone was 1st used over Bosnia. In 2001 it was equipped with the hell-fire missile and used over Afghanistan. This unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) flew as slowly as a Cessna.
    (SFC, 11/23/01, p.A12)(Econ, 12/8/07, TQ p.22)

1996        Jan 19, The Bosnian peace agreement suffered its first setback as a planned nationwide prisoner release fell far short of its goal.
    (AP, 1/19/01)

1996        Feb, Bosnian President Izetbegovic was accused of detaining Serbian military officers not sought by the war crimes tribunal.
    (WSJ, 2/16/96, p.A-1)

1996        Feb, Serbs withdrew from the suburbs of Serajevo.
    (WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)

1996        Mar 14, The US approved arms and equipment for Bosnia. It was the same day that the UN embargo on small arms for the region was lifted. In the following weeks M-16 rifles, machine guns, field phone systems, and military radio equipment arrived in Bosnia.
    (SFC, 5/24/96, p.A12)

1996        Apr 1, Muslim and Croat officials signed an accord to jointly collect customs duties and agreed on a flag.
    (WSJ, 4/1/96, p.A-1)

1996        Apr 13-1996 Apr 14, Representatives of 55 nations met in Brussels and pledged to raise $1.2 billion for the reconstruction of Bosnia. Serbs refused to attend as part of a delegation with Muslims and Croats.
    (WSJ, 4/16/96, p.A-1)
   
1996        May 7, The first international war crimes proceeding since Nuremberg opened at The Hague in the Netherlands, with a Serbian police officer, Dusan Tadic, facing trial on murder-torture charges. Tadic was convicted of crimes against humanity but acquitted of murder on May 7, 1997. In 2000 the Tadic case ended with the sentence reduced to 20 years from 25.
    (AP, 5/7/97)(SFC, 5/8/97, p.C2)(SFC, 1/27/00, p.A13)

1996        May 15, Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic sacked a moderate rival, Rajko Kasagic, who supported compromise and negotiation. Kasagic had just been appointed a few months ago as "premier" of the Bosnian Serb Republic.
    (SFC, 5/16/96, p.A-8)

1996        May 18, Biljana Plavsic (66), vice president of the Bosnian Serbsí self-proclaimed republic, was chosen by Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic to be his representative to the international community.
    (SFC, 5/21/96, p.A-12)
1996        May 18, A vote to replace Kasagic with Gojko Klickovic was passed by the joint meeting of the so-called parliamentary Deputies Club, which convened in the ruling partyís stronghold in Pale, Bosnia.
    (SFC, 5/18/96, p.A-8)

1996        May 30, UN officials confirmed the statement of Prime Minister Hasan Muratovic that Bosnian Serbs were expelling Muslims from the Teslic area in central Bosnia.
    (SFC, 5/31/96, E1)

1996        Jun 14, Leaders of Serbia, Croatia and Bosnia signed an agreement to reduce arsenals of heavy weapons.
    (WSJ, 6/17/96, p.A1)

1996        Jun 16, Croats in Mostar named Pero Markovic as the new president of Herzeg-Bosnia.
    (SFC, 6/15/96, p.A10)
1996        Jun 16, Members of a Muslim party beat former Prime Minister Haris Silajdzic during a northern Bosnia political rally. Leaders of Serbia, Croatia and Bosnia signed an agreement to reduce arsenals of heavy weapons.
    (WSJ, 6/17/96, p.A1)

1996        Jul 19, In Bosnia Radovan Karadzic agreed to give up political power after negotiations led by US envoy Richard Holbrooke.
    (SFC, 7/20/96, p.A8)

1996        Aug 27, The municipal elections scheduled for Sep 14 were cancelled by the American diplomat Robert Frowick due to widespread abuse of rules and regulations.
    (SFC, 8/28/96, p.A8)

1996        Sep 17, In Bosnia Alija Izetbegovic led the polls to become chairman of the new 3-member presidency. Serbian nationalist Momcilo Krajisnik and Croat nationalist Kresimir Zubak won their respective regions.
    (SFC, 9/18/96, p.A1)(WSJ, 9/20/96, p.A10)

1996        Sep 29, The organization that supervised Bosnia's first postwar elections officially certified the results -- with victories by nationalist parties and the country's Muslim president, Alija Izetbegovic.
    (AP, 9/29/97)

1996        Sep, Iran delivered at least $500,000 to Bosnian Pres. Alija Izetbegovic for his campaign.
    (SFC, 12/31/96, p.A10)

1996        Oct 22, Municipal elections were postponed till the spring because Bosnian Serbs clung to their decision to boycott the vote.
    (SFC, 10/23/96, p.A8)

1996        Oct 25, The US held back $100 million in arms until Bosnia cuts its ties to Iran. M-60 tanks, M-111 armored personnel carriers and 50,000 small arms, ammunition and supplies were part of the deal.
    (SFC, 10/28/96, p.A10)

1996        Nov 8, Bosnian Serb Pres. Biljana Plavsic announced that he had dismissed General Ratko Mladic.
    (SFC, 11/9/96, p.A12)

1996        Nov 19, The Muslim-Croat government fired Deputy Defense Minister Hasan Cengic. His ties to Iran interfered with a $100 million US disbursement of arms. He was replaced by an executive order of Kresimir Zubak, president of the Muslim-Croat federation.
    (SFC, 11/20/96, p.C6)

1996        Nov 27, Geníl. Ratko Mladic agreed to resign. He passed authority to his deputy Geníl. Manojlo Milovanovich.
    (SFC, 11/28/96, p.B7)

1996        Nov 28, Defense Secretary William Perry joined U.S. soldiers in the mud and freezing rain of Bosnia-Herzegovina to deliver a Thanksgiving message of discipline and patience for their still-unfinished peacekeeping mission.
    (AP, 11/28/97)

1996        The International Tribunal for War Crimes in former Yugoslavia, based in The Hague, indicted 8 Bosnian Serb men for sexual assault in eastern Bosnia, a verdict based on testimonies collected by Nusreta Sivac and Jadranka Cigelj. It was the first time in history that an international tribunal charged someone solely for crimes of sexual violence.
    (AP, 3/8/13)
1996        The Intíl. Commission for Missing Persons (ICMP) was created by the G-7 nations to help identify victims of the 1992-1995 war in Bosnia. The success of its DNA testing led to work around the world. 
    (SFC, 12/4/01, p.A3)(Econ, 10/5/13, p.64)

1997        Feb 10, Bosnian Croat gunmen killed a Bosnian Muslim man and wounded 22 others who were among a crowd of some 200 trying to visit a cemetery in the divided city of Mostar.
    (WSJ, 2/11/97, p.A1)

1997        Feb 11, Bosnian Croats evicted 26 Muslim families from the Croat half of the city of Mostar.
    (WSJ, 2/12/97, p.A1)

1997        Apr 15, The joint presidency agreed on a new currency, a coupon with a value equal to one German mark, or about 57 cents.
    (SFC, 4/16/97, p.A12)

1997        Apr 24, A Bosnian Serb court sentenced 3 Muslims to 20 years in prison on murder charges for killing 4 Serb civilians in Krusev Dol, near Srebrenica, in May 1996. The men claimed to have been tortured into confessing and denied the charges with scant defense representation.
    (SFC, 4/25/97, p.A14)

1997        Jun 5, In Pale Radovan Karadzic and Momcilo Krajisnik were reported to control the operations of Selekt Impex and Centrex, 2 companies that control trade in cigarettes and gasoline in the Bosnian Serb Republic.
    (SFC, 6/5/97, p.C2)

1997        Jul 3, Bosnian Serb Pres. Biljana Plavsic dissolved her parliament saying that it was taking orders from Radovan Karadzic. Bosnian Serb Premier Gojko Klickovic rejected the decree, though he was not empowered to do so.
    (SFC, 7/4/97, p.A12)

1997        Jul 10, In Operation Tango NATO forces captured Milan Kovacevic, a physician who was the 2nd ranking officer in the Prijedor City Hall during the war. An attempt to capture Simo Drljaca, a leader of local "ethnic cleansing" led to a shootout and his death. Kovacevic died in 1998 while jailed in the Hague.
    (SFC, 7/11/97, p.A17)(WSJ, 8/3/98, p.A1)

1997        Jul 19, The Serb Democratic Party expelled Pres. Biljana Plavsic after she threatened to arrest Karadzic and his allies for rampant corruption.
    (SFC, 7/21/97, p.A8)

1997        Aug 4, It was reported that Croats near Jajce had driven out hundreds of Muslims who had recently returned to their homes.
    (WSJ, 8/4/97, p.A1)

1997        Aug 8, Geníl. Eric Shinseki, the American in charge of NATO forces in Bosnia, announced a plan to force all paramilitary troops to disband or face arrest.
    (SFC, 8/9/97, p.A9)

1997        Aug 15, The high court ruled that Pres. Biljana Plavsic had no right to disband the Parliament. Plavsic announced the formation of a new political party, the Serb National Union.
    (SFC, 8/16/97, p.A10)

1997        Aug 20, NATO troops in Bosnia seized truckloads of weapons from police stations in Banja Luka. They moved to force out officers loyal to Karadzic.
    (WSJ, 8/21/97, p.A1)

1997        Aug 21, Judge Jovo Rosic reported that he was beaten up and ordered to vote against Pres. Plavsic last week.
    (SFC, 8/22/97, p.A14)

1997        Aug 28, US troops clashed with Bosnian Serbs in Brcko. NATO forces rescued some 50 besieged UN police monitors as crowds, opposed to Pres. Plavsic, demanded the expulsion of Western peacekeepers. U.S. troops fired tear gas and warning shots to fend off rock-hurling Serb mobs. The attempt by US-led NATO forces to install Plavsic forces in police stations in 3 cities failed.
    (SFC, 8/29/97, p.A1)(SFC, 9/3/97, p.C2)(AP, 8/28/98)

1997        Sep 1, In Bosnia several hundred Bosnian Serbs attacked some 300 armed US troops in an effort to take back a key TV transmitter that was seized by the Americans last week. The melee was a standoff.
    (SFC, 9/2/97, p.A10)

1997        Sep 2, US troops in Bosnia relinquished control of the TV transmitter in exchange for agreements to permit opposition voices on the air and an end to inflammatory rhetoric.
    (SFC, 9/3/97, p.C2)

1997        Sep 13-1997 Sep 14, Municipal elections were held under NATO escort. There was a high voter turnout.
    (SFEC, 9/14/97, p.A22)(SFC, 9/15/97, p.A10)

1997        Sep 17, A UN helicopter crashed in Bosnia and 12 officials were killed.
    (SFC, 9/18/97, p.A12)

1997        Sep 18, In Bosnia a car bomb in Mostar injured about 50 people and destroyed 56, apartments, 9 businesses and 44 cars.
    (SFC, 9/20/97, p.A10)

1997        Sep 26, A German court convicted Nikola Jorgic, a Bosnian Serb, for leading a death squad that killed 22 Muslims in Grapska during the war.
    (SFC, 9/27/97, p.A12)

1997        Sep 26, Political broadcasts began in Banja Luka under an agreement by rival factions to share the airwaves on alternate days.
    (SFEC, 9/28/97, p.A26)

1997        Oct 1, In Bosnia NATO seized 4 key Bosnian Serb television transmitters.
    (SFC, 10/2/97, p.A1)

1997        Oct 6, Nine Bosnian Croats surrendered to the intíl. war crimes tribunal in the Hague. Dario Kordic joined the group when the US promised a speedy trial to volunteer suspects. Kordic was the leader of the Bosnian branch of Franjo Tudjmanís Croatian Democratic Union political party, and was charged with commanding troops who rampaged through 14 towns in the Lasva Valley torturing and killing hundreds of Muslims and burning their homes.
    (SFC, 10/6/97, p.A11)

1997        Oct 4, It was reported that an Egyptian ship loaded with Soviet-made T-55 tanks was sitting at anchor in the Croatian port of Ploce. The shipment was registered with officials of the foreign peace force. An error on the manifest said the tanks were intended for the Bosnian Army.
    (SFC, 10/4/97, p.A8)

1997        Oct 9, Bosnian Muslims won the municipal elections in Srebrenica when refugee voters returned to outnumber Serbs who had moved in following mass executions in 1995.
    (SFC, 10/10/97, p.D5)

1997        Oct 10, Bosnian Serb nationalists won a narrow victory in the Sept. Brcko municipal elections. A Muslim party coalition won 14 of 24 seats in Mostar. An intíl. supervisor, US diplomat Robert Farrand, issued an order that the municipal administration in Brcko must reflect the prewar multiethnic composition, and that this would extend to the police and the judiciary.
    (SFC, 10/11/97, p.A9)

1997        Oct 12, Elections were scheduled by Pres. Plavsic.
    (SFC, 8/23/97, p.A12)

1997        Oct 16, It was reported that the US Agency for Intíl. Development donated $1 million to Bosnian Serb Pres. Biljana Plavsic for reconstruction in Banja Luka.
    (SFC,10/16/97, p.A14)

1997        Oct 16, Bosnian Serb hard-liners launched a guerrilla-style TV broadcast and attacked the Westís efforts to silence them.
    (SFC,10/17/97, p.D2)

1997        Nov 6, In Belgrade former Serb soldier and convict, Slobodan Misic, was arrested after he told reporters that he had killed up to 80 Croats and Muslims near Vukovar in eastern Croatia and in the Bratunac-Shrebrenica area of eastern Bosnia in 1991.
    (SFC,11/6/97, p.D3)

1997        Nov 15, Parliamentary elections were scheduled under supervision by the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE).
    (SFEC, 9/28/97, p.A3)

1997        Nov 22-1997 Nov 23, The Serb Democratic Party of Radovan Karadzic won 24 seats vs. 15 seats for the allied Radical party of Biljana Plavsic. The elections were organized by the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE).
    (SFC,12/897, p.A18)

1997        Dec 7, Presidential elections were scheduled under supervision by the Organization for security and Cooperation in Europe.
    (SFEC, 9/28/97, p.A3)

1997        Dec 18, In Bosnia NATO forces seized 2 war crimes suspects. Vlatko Kupreskic was shot when he fired on Dutch soldiers. Anto Furundzija was arrested without trouble.
    (SFC,12/19/97, p.B2)

1997        Dec 22, During his visit to Bosnia, President Clinton thanked American troops and lectured the nation's three presidents to set aside their differences.
    (AP, 12/22/98)

1997        The film "Welcome to Sarajevo" starred Stephen Dillane and Goran Visnjic and was directed by Michael Winterbottom.
    (www.imdb.com/title/tt0120490/)(SSFC, 12/9/01, Par p.22)

1997        A French military officer held secret meetings with Radovan Karadzic and foiled an Allied forces planned attempt to capture Karadzic. US Army Geníl. Wesley Clark, the Supreme Allied Commander of NATO, called off the plan due to undue risk after he learned about the secret meetings.
    (SFC, 4/23/98, p.A12)

1998        Jan 18, The Bosnian Serb Parliament named a coalition government led by Milorad Dodik, a pro-western leader of the Independent Social Democrats.
    (SFC, 1/19/98, p.A8)

1998        Jan 21, Western mediators unveiled a common currency and ordered that it be accepted by the Muslims, Serbs and Croats.
    (SFC, 1/22/98, p.B2)

1998         Jan 22, Goran Jelisic (29) was detained by UN peace troops in Bijeljina. An indictment against him held that he commanded the Luka prisoner camp in Brcko in May 1992 and killed 16 Muslims, and that he was responsible for the deaths of countless detainees. In 1999, he was found guilty on all counts of crimes against humanity and violating the customs of war. He was acquitted on the charge of genocide as the court did not believe the prosecution had proved this beyond reasonable doubt. On May 29, 2003, Jelisic was transferred to Italy to serve the remainder of his sentence with credit for time served since his arrest.
    (SFC, 1/22/98, p.E2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goran_Jelisi%C4%87)

1998        Feb 7, Government agents arrested Goran Vasic, the suspected gunman of the 1993 murder of deputy prime minister Hakija Turaljic. Serb hard-liners then seized  2 UN buses, several cars and an unknown number of Muslim hostages and demanded the release of Vasic.
    (SFC, 2/7/98, p.A12)

1998        Apr 8, In Bosnia NATO forces arrested Miroslav Kvocka and Mladen Radic, both whom were charged for war crimes at the Omarska camp near Prijedor where scores of Muslim and Croat prisoners were killed in 1992.
    (SFC, 4/9/98, p.A12)

1998        Apr 24, Some 1500 Bosnian Croats rioted in retaliation for a Serbian attack on Croatian Roman Catholic Cardinal Vinko Puljic.
    (SFC, 4/25/98, p.A9)

1998        May 6, Five key Karadzic holdovers were arrested or suspended for political and economic illegal acts.
    (SFC, 5/27/98, p.A10)

1998        May, In Croatia Gojko Susak, the Croatian Defense Minister, died of cancer. He had directed the wartime revolt by Bosnian Croats against the Muslim-led Bosnian government.
    (SFC, 5/14/98, p.C18)

1998        Jul 25, It was reported that the US dropped secret plans to seize Radovan Karadzic and Geníl. Ratko Mladic in Bosnia.
    (SFEC, 7/26/98, p.A17)

1998        Sep 16, Early results from weekend elections indicated that hard-line nationalists led with 60% of the votes counted.
    (SFC, 9/17/98, p.A12)

1998        Sep 21, In Bosnia Biljana Plavsic conceded defeat to nationalist Nikola Poplasen. Nine hard-line candidates were disqualified. For the presidency Serb Zivko Radisic defeated Momcilo Karjisnik, Muslim leader Alija Izetbegovic won, and Croat Ante Jelavic defeated Kresimir Zubak.
    (SFC, 9/22/98, p.A8)(WSJ, 9/22/98, p.A1)(SFC, 9/26/98, p.A10)

1998        Oct 11, In Bosnia forensic experts began exhuming 274 bodies in the village of Donja Glumina. They were believed to be Bosnian Muslims killed in Srebrenica by Serbs in Jul 1995.
    (SFC, 10/12/98, p.A8)

1998        Nov 16, A UN  tribunal convicted a Bosnian Croat and 2 Muslims for murder, torture and rape at the Celebici Camp in central Bosnia in 1992. Hazimn Delic, deputy commander, received a 20 year sentence; Zdravko Mucic, camp warden received 7 years; and Esad Landzo received 15 years.
    (SFC, 11/17/98, p.A14)

1998        Dec 2, In Bosnia US troops arrested Bosnian Serb Geníl. Radislav Krstic for genocide in the 1995 takeover of Srebrenica.
    (SFC, 12/3/98, p.A16)

1998        Roger Cohen published "Hearts Grown Brutal: Sagas of Serajevo."
    (SFEC, 1/10/99, BR p.5)

1998        Richard Holbrooke published "To End a War," about his experiences in Bosnia from 1994-1996.
    (SFEC, 8/16/98, BR p.9)

1998        Noel Malcolm published "Kosovo: A Short History," a history of the troubled region and Albania. Malcolm earlier wrote "Bosnia: A Short History."
    (WSJ, 5/5/98, p.A20)(SFEC, 9/6/98, BR p.8)

1999        Jan 9, Near Foca, Bosnia, French troops shot and killed Dragan Gagovic (38), the former police chief of Foca and a war crimes suspect.
    (SFEC, 1/10/99, p.A17)

1999        Jan 10, A warrant was issued for the arrest of former warlord Fikret Abdic, who declared Bihac an autonomous province in 1993. He and his followers fled to Croatia in 1995.
    (SFC, 1/11/99, p.A10)

1999        Jan 25, Bosnian Serb legislators rejected Pres. Poplasen's choice for premier, Brane Miljus.
    (SFC, 1/26/99, p.A14)

1999        Jan 26, Some 700 US troops were ordered by NATO to be pulled from Bosnia in a 10% force reduction.
    (WSJ, 1/27/99, p.A1)

1999        Mar 5, In Bosnia the town of Brco was removed from ethnic Serb control and proclaimed a neutral zone under int'l. supervision. Nikola Poplasen, president of the Bosnian Serb Republic, was removed from office for not cooperating with the int'l. community.
    (SFC, 3/5/99, p.A12)(SFC, 3/6/99, p.A10)

1999        Mar 26, In Bulgaria some 10,000 people protested NATO strikes; in Greece some 15,000 marched on the US embassy in protest; in Bosnia some 3,000 Serb youths turned violent in Banja Luka over the NATO strikes.
    (SFC, 3/27/99, p.A11)

1999        Mar 28, UN officials reported that some 500,000 ethnic Albanians had fled Kosovo. NATO officials raised the possibility of using ground troops in Yugoslavia as low-level strikes against tanks began. It was feared that anger over the war would spill over to Bosnia.
    (SFC, 3/29/99, p.A1,10)

1999        May 14, It was reported that 30,000 NATO troops were in Bosnia to enforce the 1995 peace agreement.
    (WSJ, 5/13/99, p.A1)

1999        May, The national employment bureau began operations.
    (SFC, 11/10/00, p.D3)

1999        Jun 20, The last Serbian officer left Kosovo. Pres. Milosevic urged the Serbs of Kosovo to stay in Kosovo under NATO protection. As the last or 40-thousand Yugoslav troops rolled out of Kosovo, NATO declared a formal end to its bombing campaign against Yugoslavia.
    (SFC, 6/21/99, p.A1,7)(AP, 6/20/00)

1999        Jun 25, Bosnia's banking agency took over the Bosnia and Herzegovina Bank which became insolvent following a run on the bank triggered by the call in of loans by USAID.
    (SFC, 8/18/99, p.A12)

1999        Jul 6, In Bosnia British troops seized Radoslav Brdjanin, who was charged with crimes against Muslims and Croats around Banja Luka in 1992.
    (SFC, 7/7/99, p.A10)

1999        Jul 29, In Serajevo a 2-day conference by leaders of over 60 countries was to begin for a Balkan Stability Pact nicknamed "Marshall II."
    (SFC, 7/27/99, p.A8)

1999        Jul 30, In Serajevo Pres. Clinton pledged $700 million in aid in addition to $500 million for Kosovo as talks began to rebuild the Balkans.
    (SFC, 7/31/99, p.A6)

1999        Aug 2, In Bosnia NATO troops arrested Radomir Kovac, former Bosnian Serb paramilitary leader, for enslaving and raping Muslim women in 1992-1993.
    (WSJ, 8/3/99, p.A1)

1999        Aug 17, In Bosnia the Office of the High Representative, an int'l. agency for carrying out aspects of the Dayton peace agreement, reported that as much as a billion dollars disappeared from public funds from int'l. aid projects. Losses were triggered when USAID called in loans from the Bosnia and Herzegovina Bank that could not be covered.
    (SFC, 8/17/99, p.A1)(SFC, 8/18/99, p.A12)

1999        Aug 25, Gen'l. Momir Talic of Bosnia was arrested in Austria on a secret UN war crimes indictment. Talic had commanded the 1st Krajina Corps from 1992-1995.
    (SFC, 8/26/99, p.A12)

1999        Oct 12, The world population was projected to reach 6 billion. This day was declared by the UN as the Day of 6 Billion. The designated 6 billionth baby was born in Bosnia.
    (SFC, 6/30/99, p.A12)(SFEC, 7/11/99, p.A19)(SFC, 10/12/99, p.A10)

1999        Oct 14, In Bosnia 4 NATO soldiers were injured as they attempted to seize weapons in the divided city of Mostar.
    (SFC, 10/15/99, p.D3)

1999        Oct 22, In Bosnia Zeljko Kopanja, editor-in-chief of Nezavisne Novine, lost both legs due to a bomb attack as he opened his car door. He had recently published a series of war time atrocities committed against non-Serbs by Bosnian and Serb forces.
    (SFC, 10/23/99, p.A11)

1999        Oct 25, In Bosnia some 30,000 people streamed into Serajevo to protest for job protection and an end to corruption.
    (SFC, 10/26/99, p.B2)
1999        Oct 25, Mladen Vuksanovic, author of "Pale, a Diary, April-July 1992," written during the first 100 days of rule by Radowan Karadzic, died at age 57 in Croatia.
    (SFC, 10/26/99, p.B4)

2000        Jan 14, A UN tribunal sentenced five Bosnian Croat militiamen to up to 25 years in prison for a 1993 murder rampage that emptied a Bosnian village of every one of its Muslim inhabitants.
    (AP, 1/14/01)

2000        Jan 25, In Bosnia NATO peacekeepers arrested Mitar Vasiljevic (45), a member of the White Eagles Bosnian-Serb paramilitary group, on charges of extermination of Bosnian Muslim civilians between 1992 and 1994. The charges included helping to burn scores of Muslims to death in Visegrad.
    (SFC, 1/26/00, p.A9)

2000        Feb, The government was dissolved because it had 2 prime ministers.
    (SFC, 6/24/00, p.A13)

2000        Mar 5, NATO peacekeeping troops arrested Dragoljub Prcac, a Bosnian Serb, for war crimes committed at the Omarska prison camp in 1992, where he served as deputy commander.
    (SFC, 3/6/00, p.A12)

2000        Mar 9, In Bosnia US Sec. of state Madeleine Albright won a pledge from Croatian and Bosnian Serb leaders to allow thousands of refugees to go home.
    (SFC, 3/10/00, p.A13)

2000        Apr 3, In Bosnia NATO troops arrested Momcilo Krajisnik, former speaker of the Bosnian Serb assembly, for war crimes and flew him to the Netherlands to stand trial. In 2006 Momcilo Krajisnik was convicted by the Yugoslav war crimes tribunal in The Hague for persecuting and forcibly expelling non-Serbs during the 1992-95 war in Bosnia. He was released in 2013 after serving two-thirds of a reduced 20-year sentence.
    (SFC, 4/4/00, p.A10)(SFC, 8/31/13, p.A6)

2000        Apr 9, In Bosnia the moderate Social Democratic party claimed victory in 20 cities of the Muslim-Croat Federation. In the Serb Republic the Serbian Democratic Party won 56.5% of the vote.
    (SFC, 4/10/00, p.A14)

2000        Apr 11, In Bosnia 3 children were killed after they wandered into a mine field near Serajevo.
    (WSJ, 4/12/00, p.A1)

2000        Jun 22, In Bosnia a new cabinet proposed by Prime Minister Spasoje Tusevljak won parliamentary approval. Tusevljak, an economics professor, was approved by parliament earlier in June.
    (SFC, 6/24/00, p.A13)

2000        Sep 25, In NYC a US District court ordered Radovan Karadzic, a former Bosnian Serb leader, to pay $4.5 million in damages for 1992 war atrocities committed by his soldiers.
    (SFC, 9/26/00, p.A16)

2000        Oct 13, Janko "Tuta" Janjic (43), a war crimes suspect, killed himself in Foca, a town in the Serb section of Bosnia, when NATO troops came to arrest him.
    (SFC, 10/14/00, p.A10)

2000        Oct 18, In Bosnia over 1,000 Bosnian Serb high school students rioted in Brcko and demanded an end to the cityís multiethnic status.
    (SFC, 10/19/00, p.C2)

2000        Nov 10, It was reported that Prime Minister Edhem Bicakcic managed an illicit public fund, the national employment bureau, that disbursed tens of millions of tax dollars to private companies, state enterprises and veteran subsidies.
    (SFC, 11/10/00, p.D3)

2000        Nov 11, General elections were held in Bosnia. Mirko Sarovic of the Serb Democratic Party led over Serb Prime Minister Milorad Dodik.
    (SFEC, 11/12/00, p.A24)(SFC, 11/14/00, p.A20)

2000        Nov 21, Final election results were released. Hard-line nationalists won support among the Serbs and Croats. Mirko Sarovic was declared the winner of the Bosnian Serb republic over prime minister Milorad Dodik. The ultranationalist Croatian Democratic Union was not included in the new government.
    (SFC, 11/22/00, p.C5)(SFC, 11/24/00, p.D8)(SFC, 4/21/01, p.A12)

2001        Jan 9, Biljana Plavsic, former Bosnian Serb president, left for the Hague to appear before the UN war crimes tribunal over her role in the 1992-1995 war.
    (SFC, 1/10/01, p.A10)

2001        Feb 22, A UN tribunal on Yugoslav War Crimes found 3 Bosnian Serbs guilty of crimes against humanity for the rape, torture and enslavement of Muslim women in Foca between 1992-1993. The landmark case established rape and sexual enslavement as a crime against humanity. They were sentenced to 28, 20 and 12 years, respectively.
    (SFC, 2/23/01, p.A1)(AP, 11/1/07)

2001        Feb 26, The UN War Crimes tribunal in the Hague convicted Dario Kordic, a former Bosnian Croat leader, for crimes against humanity in the 1992-1995 Bosnian War. Mario Crekez (41), a brigade commander of Croatian troops in Bosnia, was also convicted. They had carried out an "ethnic cleansing" campaign in an area they wished to be joined to Croatia.
    (SFC, 2/27/01, p.A12)(WSJ, 2/27/01, p.A1)

2001        Mar 28, Bosnian Croat soldiers deserted by the hundreds following orders by the self-proclaimed Croat National Assembly led by the nationalist Croat Democratic Union. Many returned after the defense ministry warned that they would forfeit wages and benefits.
    (SFC, 3/29/01, p.A12)

2001        Apr 6, Bosnian Croats stoned Nato peacekeepers after police and troops seized the Hercegovacka Banka and its 10 branches. The bank was believed to be used by the Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ) to promote a separate Croatian ministate.
    (SFC, 4/7/01, p.A10)

2001        Apr 15, U.N. investigators arrested Bosnian Serb army officer Dragan Obrenovic in connection with the Serbian Army's slaughter of as many as 7,000 Muslim men and boys. Obrenovic later pleaded guilty to five war crimes charges and testified against his one-time superior officers; he was sentenced to 17 years in prison.
    (AP, 4/15/06)

2001        Apr 24, Bosnian Serbs blocked a takeover of their part of Serajevo after an intíl. judge gave it to the Muslim-Croat federation.
    (WSJ, 4/25/01, p.A1)

2001        Jul 31, Stevan Todorovic, a former Bosnian Serb police chief, was sentenced at the Hague to 10 years in prison for war crimes in 1992-1993. Todorovic was known as "Monstrum" for his cruelty.
    (SFC, 8/1/01, p.A8)

2001        Aug 2, The UN war crimes tribunal found Radislav Krstic, former Bosnian Serb general, guilty for the 1995 genocide of some 8,000 Muslim men in Srebrenica. He was sentenced to 46 years in prison. A 2004 appeal reduced the sentence to 35 years.
    (SFC, 8/3/01, p.A1)(http://tinyurl.com/gm9l9)

2001        Aug 15, Dragan Jokic surrendered to the UN war crimes tribunal to face charges from the 1995 Srebrenica massacre.
    (WSJ, 8/16/01, p.A1)   

2001        Aug 16, Col. Vidoje Blagojevic, former commander of Bratunac, pleaded innocent at the Hague war crimes tribunal for 1995 war crimes in Srebrenica. On January 17, 2005, Col. Vidoje Blagojevic became the second indictee to be convicted on Srebrenica Genocide charges and other human rights violations. He was sentenced to 18 years in prison. On May 9, 2007, the Appeals Chamber of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia ruled that Col Blagojevic had not been complicit in the genocide at Srebrenica because he had not known his troops intended to commit it. Blagojevicís sentence was reduced to 15 years.
    (SFC, 8/17/01, p.A14)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Srebrenica_massacre)

2001        Oct 24, A NATO spokesman said peacekeepers in Bosnia had disrupted a Bosnian terrorist network.
    (SFC, 10/25/01, p.A14)

2001        Dec 4, Edwin Huffine, US forensic scientist, launched a new DNA ID software program developed with a team of Bosnian experts at the Sarajevo-based Intíl. Commission for Missing Persons (ICMP). The program used kinship analysis.
    (SFC, 12/4/01, p.A3)

2002        Jan 18, US forces took 6 terrorism suspects, held since October, from Bosnia after local courts ruled that there was too little evidence to hold them. The suspects included Bensayah Belkacem, a key European al Qaeda lieutenant. Protesters clashed with riot police.
    (SFC, 1/19/02, p.A12)(SFC, 1/23/02, p.A9)(WSJ, 3/18/02, p.A10)

2002        Mar 18, It was reported that 94 former Arab mujahedeen had been stripped of Bosnian citizenship and deported or forced to flee. They left some 300 Bosnian-born children behind.
    (WSJ, 3/18/02, p.A10)

2002        Mar 20, The US Embassy in Bosnia was shut down to the public due to a possible terrorist threat.
    (SSFC, 3/24/02, p.A18)

2002        Jun 30, The United States vetoed a resolution extending the U.N. peacekeeping mission in Bosnia, then agreed to keep the mission alive three more days while the Security Council seeks a way to meet U.S. demands for immunity from a new global war crimes court. 
    (Reuters, 6/30/02)(SFC, 7/1/02, p.A3)

2002        Jul 22, In Bosnia forensic experts discovered a mass grave in the northeast that may contain up to 100 bodies of Muslims killed at the end of the country's 1992-95 war.
    (AP, 7/23/02)

2002        Sep 27, Lord Ashdown (b.1941) began serving as the international community's High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina. He ended his term May 30, 2006.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paddy_Ashdown)

2002        Oct 2, Bosnian Serb wartime leader Biljana Plavsic, one of the highest-ranking suspects at the U.N. war crimes tribunal, pleaded guilty to one count of crimes against humanity.
    (AP, 10/2/02)

2002        Oct 5, In Bosnia elections the centrist Muslim Party for Democratic Action reported the party was in the lead following a 55% turnout. Bosnia's three nationalist parties beat moderates in the country's first self-organized elections since the 1992-1995 war. Postwar Bosnia is made up of two mini-states, the Serb republic and the Muslim-Croat federation. The two have wide powers and are linked by a joint parliament and government. Elections provided winners with four years in office instead of two.
    (AP, 10/6/02)(AP, 10/5/03)

2003        Jan 1, In Bosnia the EU hoisted its dark blue banner to officially mark the transfer of peacekeeping duties from the United Nations, while NATO-led troops handed over control of Sarajevo's airport to Bosnian authorities.
    (AP, 1/1/03)

2003        Jan 17, Parliament of the Bosnian Serb ministate approved a Cabinet and Dragan Mikerevic (48) as the new prime minister.
    (AP, 1/17/03)

2003          Feb 27, Biljana Plavsic, the former Bosnian Serb leader who expressed remorse for the horrors committed against non-Serbs during the Bosnian war, was sentenced to 11 years in prison. Later this year she was transferred to Sweden to serve her sentence.
    (AP, 2/27/03)(AP, 9/15/09)

2003          Mar 7, International officials froze assets linked to top Bosnian-Serb war crimes fugitive Radovan Karadzic. A panel of Bosnian and intíl. judges ordered Bosniaís Serb Republic to pay $2.25 million in compensation for the 1995 massacre at Srebrenica.
    (AP, 3/7/03)(SFC, 3/8/03, p.A7)

2003        Mar 25, Muhamed Sacirbegovic (46), former Bosnia ambassador to the US (1992-2000) was arrested in NYC. The Bosnian government has accused him of stealing more than $2.4 million, about $1.8 million from the nation's Investment Fund Ministry and more than $600,000 from the account of Bosnia's representation at the UN.
    (AP, 3/26/03)

2003        Apr 2, Mirko Sarovic, a Bosnian Serb who was the chairman of the country's three-member multiethnic presidency, resigned after being implicated in a local company's violation of the U.N. arms embargo against Iraq.
    (AP, 4/2/03)

2003        Apr 11, NATO-led peacekeepers in Bosnia arrested Naser Oric (35), a Bosnian Muslim wanted by the Yugoslav war crimes tribunal and flew him to The Hague. He was the wartime army commander in the eastern Bosnian town of Srebrenica. In 2006 Oric was acquitted of direct involvement in the murder of prisoners in the early years of the 1992-95 Bosnia war. But the court found he had closed his eyes to their mistreatment and failed to punish their killers. He was sentenced to 2 years and then ordered to be released since he has been in jail for more than three years.
    (AP, 4/11/03)(AP, 6/30/06)

2003        May 5, Momir Nikolic, a Bosnian Serb captain and member of the Bratunac Brigade that participated in the executions of more than 7,000 Muslim men and boys in the Bosnian enclave of Srebrenica at the end of the 1992-1995 Bosnian war, pleaded guilty to war crimes. Nikolic was nearby when 80-100 prisoners were decapitated and their headless corpses loaded onto trucks on July 12, 1995.
    (AP, 5/6/03)

2003        May 16, Bosnia signed an agreement with the United States on Friday that exempts Americans from prosecution by a new international criminal court.
    (AP, 5/17/03)

2003        Jul 11, Thousands marked the anniversary of the 1995 massacre at Srebrenica in Bosnia, burying 282 newly identified victims.
    (AP, 7/11/04)

2003        Oct 19, Alija Izetbegovic (78) died in Sarajevo. He led Bosnia's Muslims during the 1992-95 war for independence and became one of the republic's first postwar presidents.
    (AP, 10/19/03)

2003        Oct 27, Prosecutors in the Netherlands said Momir Nikolic (48), a Bosnian Serb captain who admitted participating in the mass killing of more than 7,000 Muslim boys and men in Srebrenica, should serve up to 20 years in prison.  Nikolic accepted that he was on duty when 80-100 prisoners were decapitated and their corpses loaded onto trucks on July 12, 1995. In 2006 a UN appeals court reduced his 27-year sentence to 20 years.
    (AP, 10/28/03)(AP, 3/8/06)

2003        Oct 30, The US and 29 other countries pledged $18.4 million to create a new war crimes court in Bosnia that will lighten the load at the U.N. tribunal in the Netherlands.
    (AP, 10/30/03)

2003        Dec 18, Dragan Nikolic (46), former Bosnian Serb prison camp commander who allowed his troops to rape, torture and murder his Muslim prisoners, was sentenced to 23 years in jail at the U.N. war crimes tribunal in the Hague.
    (AP, 12/18/03)

2004        Jan 28, Bosnia's international administrator imposed a decree to unify the ethnically divided city of Mostar, a precondition for Bosnia to join international organizations and perhaps even the European Union.
    (AP, 1/28/04)

2004        Apr 5, Six ethnic Croats surrendered to the U.N. war crimes tribunal to face allegations they participated in the torture and massacre of Muslims in Bosnia in 1993.
    (AP, 4/5/04)

2004        Apr 30, Bosnian Serb authorities offered details of six previously undisclosed mass graves in the town of Srebrenica.
    (AP, 4/30/04)

2004        Jun 11, A commission of the government of the Republika Srpska, the Serbian part of Bosnia, finally admitted that Serbian forces were responsible for the 1995 Muslim massacre at Srebrenica.
    (Econ, 6/19/04, p.53)

2004        Jul 23, In Bosnia Britain's Prince Charles and other foreign dignitaries gathered to reopen the Mostar bridge over the Neretva River. The original was built in 1566.
    (AP, 7/23/04)

2004        Aug 9, Forensic experts said they found a mass grave in the waste dump of a coal mine in eastern Bosnia, which they suspect may contain the bodies of about 350 Muslims who disappeared from a Bosnian Serb detention centre during the Bosnian war.
    (AP, 8/9/04)

2004        Nov 10, Bosnian Serb authorities apologized for the first time to relatives of around 8,000 Muslims killed by Serb forces in the 1995 Srebrenica massacre, Europe's worst atrocity since World War II.
    (AP, 11/10/04)

2004        Nov 24, The US military ended a 9-year peacekeeping role in Bosnia but kept on a small contingent to hunt down top war crimes suspects Radovan Karadzic and Ratko Mladic.
    (AP, 11/24/04)

2004        Dec 2, The European Union began its biggest-ever military operation, formally taking over NATO's peacekeeping mission in Bosnia with 7,000 troops (EUFOR).
    (AP, 12/2/04)(Econ, 3/19/05, p.60)

2004        Dec 17, Bosnian Serb Prime Minister Dragan Mikerevic resigned, one day after the international community imposed sanctions against Bosnian Serb police and officials for allegedly helping fugitive war crimes suspects evade justice.
    (AFP, 12/17/04)

2005        Jan 15, Savo Todovic (52), a Bosnian Serb wanted by the U.N. war crimes tribunal for crimes he allegedly committed during the 1992-95 war, surrendered to Bosnian Serb police.
    (AP, 1/15/05)

2005        Oct 4, A Bosnian Serb panel said it identified more than 17,000 people with varying levels of blood on their hands for abetting the 1995 Srebrenica massacre.
    (WSJ, 10/5/05, p.A1)

2005        Oct 17, Radovan Karadzic, former Bosnian-Serb leader and war-crimes fugitive, released a 6th collection of poems titled ďUnder the left Breast of the Century."
    (SFC, 10/19/05, p.A2)

2005        Oct 19, Police in Bosnia arrested a cyber-jihadist who called himself Maximus. Mirsad Bektasevic, a Swedish teenager of Bosnian extraction, was sentenced to jail along with 3 others for plotting attacks to take place in Bosnia or other European countries. On his computer police found contacts with other jihadists in Europe including Younis Tsouli (Irhabi007), whom British police arrested 2 days later.
    (Econ, 7/14/07, p.28)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Irhabi_007)

2005        Oct 21, The European Commission agreed to open talks with Bosnia on a cooperation agreement that could lead to full EU membership for the Balkan nation.
    (AP, 10/21/05)

2005        Oct 27, In Denmark 4 young Muslims were arrested for helping to supply weapons and explosives for a planned terror attack in Europe. They helped two main suspects in Bosnia get hold of weapons and explosives with the aim of committing a terror act. In 2007 a Danish court convicted Abdul Basit Abu-Lifa (17) and sentenced him to 7 years in jail.
    (AP, 8/24/06)(AP, 2/16/07)

2005        Oct, Police in Bosnia arrested a cyber-jihadist who called himself Maximus. Mirsad Bektasevic, a Swedish teenager of Bosnian extraction, was sentenced to jail along with 3 others for plotting attacks to take place in Bosnia or other European countries. On his computer police found contacts with other jihadists in Europe including Younis Tsouli (Irhabi007), whom British police arrested 2 days later.
    (Econ, 7/14/07, p.28)

2005        Nov 1, In Bosnia 2 children in Doribaba died when they were playing with a hand grenade and pulled the security pin.
    (AP, 11/2/05)

2005        Nov 21, EU foreign ministers authorized the start of negotiations on an agreement to prepare Bosnia for EU membership a decade after the Balkan nation was ravaged by Europe's worst fighting since World War II. Leaders of Bosnia's three major ethnic groups signed an accord designed to unify the Balkans by remaking the government's constitutional structure.
    (AP, 11/21/05)(AP, 11/22/05)

2005        Nov 25, EU Enlargement Commissioner Olli Rehn officially opened landmark negotiations on closer ties between Bosnia and the 25-member European Union.
    (AP, 11/25/05)

2005        Nov 26, Bosnia's southern town of Mostar unveiled the world's first statue of kung fu legend Bruce Lee, paying homage to a childhood hero of all its divided ethnic groups.
    (Reuters, 11/28/05)

2005        Dec 7, The Hague war crimes tribunal sentenced Miroslav Bralo (aka Cicko), a former Bosnian Croat soldier, to 20 years in jail on eight counts of war crimes and human rights abuses committed during the 1993 Muslim-Croat war in central Bosnia.
    (Reuters, 12/07/05)

2005        Dec 17, In Bosnia the reconstructed Stari Most, a bridge that came to symbolize the senseless brutality of the Bosnian war, took its place on the UN's list of protected World Heritage Sites.
    (AP, 12/17/05)

2006        Jan, In the Hague Col. Vidoje Blagojevic (56), Bosnian Serb wartime commander of the Bratunac brigade, was convicted of war crimes and complicity in genocide by the Yugoslav War Crimes Tribunal. In 2007 an appeals panel overturned the charge of complicity in genocide.
    (AP, 5/9/07)

2005        Jun 27, Bosnian Serb police said they had arrested 11 people on war crimes charges.
    (AP, 6/27/05)

2005        Jul 7, In Pale, Bosnia-Hercegovina, NATO troops arrested Aleksandar Karadzic, the son of top Bosnian Serb war crimes fugitive Radovan Karadzic, who is wanted for alleged genocide including the 1995 Srebrenica massacre.
    (AFP, 7/7/05)

2005        Jul 19, Miroslav Bralo (37), former Bosnian Croat special forces soldier, pleaded guilty to war crimes at the Yugoslav tribunal in the Hague. Bralo was a member of an infamous unit, known as "the Jokers," responsible for attacks on Bosnian Muslim villages in the Lasva Valley of central Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1993.
    (AP, 7/19/05)

2005        Aug 8, Milan Lukic, a former Bosnia Serb paramilitary leader, was captured in Argentina. He was wanted by a U.N. tribunal on charges of crimes against humanity.
    (AP, 8/8/05)

2005        Sep 13, Sredoje Lukic, a top Bosnian Serb war crimes suspect, surrendered to the Serb authorities in Bosnia. He was indicted by a UN tribunal in 2000 for some of the worst atrocities in the Bosnian war.
    (AP, 9/13/05)

2005        Oct 4, A Bosnian Serb panel said it identified more than 17,000 people with varying levels of blood on their hands for abetting the 1995 Srebrenica massacre.
    (WSJ, 10/5/05, p.A1)

2005        Oct 17, Radovan Karadzic, former Bosnian-Serb leader and war-crimes fugitive, released a 6th collection of poems titled ďUnder the left Breast of the Century."
    (SFC, 10/19/05, p.A2)

2005        Oct 21, The European Commission agreed to open talks with Bosnia on a cooperation agreement that could lead to full EU membership for the Balkan nation.
    (AP, 10/21/05)

2005        Oct 27, In Denmark 4 young Muslims were arrested for helping to supply weapons and explosives for a planned terror attack in Europe. They helped two main suspects in Bosnia get hold of weapons and explosives with the aim of committing a terror act. In 2007 a Danish court convicted Abdul Basit Abu-Lifa (17) and sentenced him to 7 years in jail.
    (AP, 8/24/06)(AP, 2/16/07)

2005        Nov 1, In Bosnia 2 children in Doribaba died when they were playing with a hand grenade and pulled the security pin.
    (AP, 11/2/05)

2005        Nov 21, EU foreign ministers authorized the start of negotiations on an agreement to prepare Bosnia for EU membership a decade after the Balkan nation was ravaged by Europe's worst fighting since World War II. Leaders of Bosnia's three major ethnic groups signed an accord designed to unify the Balkans by remaking the government's constitutional structure.
    (AP, 11/21/05)(AP, 11/22/05)

2005        Nov 25, EU Enlargement Commissioner Olli Rehn officially opened landmark negotiations on closer ties between Bosnia and the 25-member European Union.
    (AP, 11/25/05)

2005        Nov 26, Bosnia's southern town of Mostar unveiled the world's first statue of kung fu legend Bruce Lee, paying homage to a childhood hero of all its divided ethnic groups.
    (Reuters, 11/28/05)

2005        Dec 7, The Hague war crimes tribunal sentenced Miroslav Bralo (aka Cicko), a former Bosnian Croat soldier, to 20 years in jail on eight counts of war crimes and human rights abuses committed during the 1993 Muslim-Croat war in central Bosnia.
    (Reuters, 12/07/05)

2005        Dec 17, In Bosnia the reconstructed Stari Most, a bridge that came to symbolize the senseless brutality of the Bosnian war, took its place on the UN's list of protected World Heritage Sites.
    (AP, 12/17/05)

2006        Jan 5, The wife of Dragomir Abazovic, a Bosnian Serb war crimes suspect, was killed in a shoot-out when European Union (EUFOR) peacekeepers moved in to arrest her husband at their home. Abazovic and the couple's 11-year-old son were also shot and injured.
    (AP, 1/5/06)

2006        Jan 31, Dr. Christian Schwarz-Schilling (b.1930), former German cabinet minister, was appointed as the EU's High Representative in Bosnia, succeeding Lord Ashdown.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christian_Schwarz-Schilling)(Econ, 6/30/07, p.60)

2006        Feb 20, Milan Lukic, a Bosnian Serb war crimes suspect who had been indicted by a UN tribunal in connection with atrocities during the former war in Bosnia, was extradited from Argentina to The Hague.
    (AP, 2/20/06)

2006        Feb 27, In the Netherlands the International Court of Justice heard arguments by Bosnia accusing Serbia of genocide, the first time a state has faced trial for humanity's worst crime.
    (AP, 2/27/06)
2006        Feb 27, Bosnia's veterinary office said tests at the EU reference laboratory had confirmed its first case of the deadly H5N1 bird flu virus in two wild swans.
    (AP, 2/27/06)

2006        Mar 22, In the Netherlands an appeals chamber of the UN war crimes court dropped the life sentence of Bosnian Serb Milomir Stakic and instead sentenced him to 40 years for overseeing detention camps in Bosnia.
    (AFP, 3/22/06)

2006        Apr 18, Christian Schwarz-Schilling, Bosnia's international administrator, said the international community should end its decade-long control and allow Bosnia to assume the responsibilities of a "normal" democracy.
    (AP, 4/18/06)

2006        May 8, In the Hague the UN war crimes court sentenced Ivica Rajic, a Bosnian Croat former militia leader, to 12 years in prison. Rajic admitted that forces under his command operating in the Muslim village of Stupni Do in central Bosnia in October 1993 "forced Bosnian Muslim civilians out of their homes and hiding places, robbed them of their valuables, willfully killed Muslim men, women and children and sexually assaulted Muslim women".
    (AFP, 5/8/06)

2006        May 9, Bosnia's war crimes court launched the trial of 11 Bosnian Serbs charged over the 1995 Srebrenica massacre of 8,000 Bosnian Muslims, its first genocide trial since it opened last year.
    (Reuters, 5/9/06)

2006        May 26, Bosnia's war crimes court sentenced Bosnian Serb former officer Dragoje Paunovic to 20 years in prison for crimes against humanity during the country's 1992-95 war.
    (Reuters, 5/26/06)

2006        Jun 9, Bosnia's war crimes court said it would deliver Serb war crimes suspect Dragan Zelenovic to the UN war crimes tribunal in The Hague after he was handed over to Sarajevo by Russia. Zelenovic, a former policeman, was wanted by the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia for atrocities committed against non-Serbs in the eastern Foca region during the 1992-95 war. In 2007 Zelenovic was convicted of raping women in Foca and sentenced to 15 years in prison.
    (AP, 6/9/06)(AP, 11/1/07)

2006        Aug 23, Russiaís Gazprom threatened to cut off gas exports to Bosnia on Oct 1 if strides toward repaying $104.8 million from debts incurred during wars that ended in 1995.
    (WSJ, 8/24/06, p.A6)

2006        Sep 27, At the Hague, Netherlands, a UN tribunal sentenced Momcilio Krajisnik (61), the former speaker of the Bosnian Serb parliament, to 27 years in prison for war crimes, but acquitted him of the harsher charge of genocide.
    (AP, 9/27/06)

2006        Oct 1, Bosnians voted in historic general elections that will choose the first government to run the country without international supervision since the end of the 1992-1995 war.
    (AFP, 10/1/06)

2006        Oct 2, Preliminary results indicated that Bosnians elected new leaders, Milorad Dodik and Haris Silajdzic, split along ethnic lines over whether to further unify the country in a push toward European Union membership or allow Serbs to maintain their political distinctness.
    (AP, 10/2/06)(Econ, 6/30/07, p.60)

2006        Nov 21, The UN Security Council voted to extend the EU peacekeeping force in Bosnia for a year, welcoming "tangible signs" of the Balkan nation's progress toward EU membership.
    (AP, 11/21/06)

2006        Nov 29, NATO leaders finished a two-day summit without agreement on some members' refusal to send troops into combat in Afghanistan's most dangerous regions. NATO vowed to give its troubled mission in Afghanistan the "forces, resources and flexibility needed" to tackle increasingly ferocious Taliban fighters. Leaders invited Serbia, Montenegro and Bosnia-Herzegovina to join a program considered a first step toward eventual membership, but urged Serbia and Bosnia to fully cooperate with the UN war crimes tribunal.
    (AP, 11/29/06)(AFP, 11/29/06)

2006        Dec 4, Against a backdrop of protests, the defense minister gave citations to Dutch troops who served in the UN peacekeeping force that failed to prevent the slaughter of Muslims in the Srebrenica enclave during the Bosnian war.
    (AP, 12/4/06)

2007        Jan 10, Bosnia's state court jailed a Swede, a Turk and a Bosnian for up to 15 years four months for planning a suicide attack in Europe. All 3 men were Muslims and wanted to pressure Bosnia and European governments to withdraw forces from Iraq and Afghanistan.
    (Reuters, 1/10/07)

2007        Mar 1, Britain confirmed it will withdraw its more than 600 remaining troops from Bosnia as concerns about security in the Balkan state ease.
    (AP, 3/1/07)

2007        Apr 22, In Bosnia a fast-moving fire tore through an orphanage in Sarajevo, killing five babies and injuring 17 others.
    (AP, 4/22/07)

2007        May 19, Miroslav Deronjic (52), Bosnian Serb war criminal, died in a hospital in Sweden. Deronjic, the top authority in the eastern Bosnian city of Bratunac during the 1992-1995 Bosnian War, was convicted of ordering a 1992 attack on a Bosnian village in which 65 civilians were killed. He had been serving a 10-year sentence for war crimes.
    (AP, 5/20/07)

2007        May 25, Radovan Stankovic, a convicted Bosnian Serb war criminal, escaped from custody while being transported to a hospital in eastern Bosnia after complaining of feeling ill.
    (AP, 5/25/07)

2007        Jun 4, Thousands of survivors of Europe's worst massacre since World War II filed a lawsuit against the UN and the Dutch government for their failure to protect civilians in the Srebrenica safe haven when Bosnian Serb forces overran it in 1995 and slaughtered some 8,000 men.
    (AP, 6/4/07)

2007        Jun 9, In Bosnia Karray Kamel bin Ali, alias Abu Hamza, Tunisian-born radical Islamist, was arrested near Zenica. This was several hours after he and possibly three or four others attacked a house owned by Zijad Kovac. 3 family members were wounded.
    (http://isaintel.com/site/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=45)

2007        Jun 11, In Bosnia thousands of survivors of Europe's worst massacre since WW II protested in Sarajevo, demanding a special administrative status for the town of Srebrenica and saying it should not be run by Bosnian Serb authorities who were responsible for genocide there.
    (AP, 6/11/07)

2007        Jul 1, Miroslav Lajcak, Slovak diplomat, took over as the EU's High Representative in Bosnia replacing Dr. Christian Schwarz-Schilling.
    (Econ, 6/30/07, p.60)

2007        Jul 18, Bosnia's war crimes court acquitted Momcilo Mandic, the most senior ethnic Serb official indicted by Bosnian authorities, of all charges related to crimes during the 1992-95 war.
    (Reuters, 7/18/07)

2007        Sep 30, Milan Jelic (51), president of Bosnia's Serb Republic died of a heart attack after less than a year on the job.
    (AP, 10/1/07)

2007        Nov 1, Bosnian PM Nikola Spiric resigned in protest at an international envoy's decision to impose EU-backed reforms, deepening the country's worst post-war political crisis.
    (AFP, 11/1/07)
2007        Oct 1, The Bosnian Serb parliament approved Igor Radojcic, the government's candidate, as interim president following the death of President Milan Jelic.
    (AP, 10/1/07)

2007        Nov 21, The UN Security Council extended the EU's peacekeeping force in Bosnia for a year, citing the Balkan nation's "very limited progress" towards EU membership and its failure to implement key reforms.
    (AP, 11/22/07)

2007        Dec 5, In Bosnia 4 men wearing police uniforms and armed with automatic weapons stormed Sarajevo international airport's cargo zone and stole $1.9 million.
    (AP, 12/6/07)

2007        Dec 9, Voters in Bosnia's Serb entity went to polls to choose a new president, as the country was taking initial steps towards European integration.
    (AFP, 12/9/07)

2007        Dec 12, The UN Yugoslav war crimes tribunal at The Hague sentenced former Bosnian Serb general Dragomir Milosevic (b.1942) to 33 years imprisonment for the shelling of Sarajevo during the Bosnian war, one of the court's toughest sentences. In 2009 UN judges trimmed the sentence from 33 to 29 years but upheld his convictions for leading troops who terrorized Sarajevo with a deadly rain of shells and sniper bullets.
    (AP, 12/12/07)(AP, 11/12/09)

2008        Mar 4, The US embassy in Sarajevo said the US government has cut development aid to the political party of Bosnian Serb PM Milorad Dodik because of its nationalist policy.
    (AP, 3/4/08)

2008        Mar 25, Director Koichiro Matsuura said that Visegradís Mehmed Pasha Sokolovic bridge, a 16th century stone bridge over the Drina River that links Bosnia and Serbia, has been added to UNESCO's World Heritage List. A ceremony in Sarajevo marked the event.
    (AP, 3/26/08)

2008        May 29, Tomislav Petrovic, a former Bosnian soldier, shot dead six people and wounded another in a rampage in a Tuzla before being detained as he fired on a parked car.
    (AFP, 5/29/08)

2008        Jun 4, In Bosnia genocide charges were filed against Vaso Todorovic (40), a former Bosnian Serb police officer. He was accused of taking part in the 1995 massacre of more than 7,000 Muslims, Europe's worst slaughter since World War II.
    (www.signonsandiego.com/news/world/20080604-0441-bosnia-warcrimes.html)

2008        Jun 16, Bosnia signed a stabilization agreement with the EU, the first step towards membership.
    (Econ, 6/21/08, p.64)

2008        Jun 19, In central Bosnia a helicopter carrying two Spanish pilots of the EU peace force and two German officers crashed, but it was not clear if there were any casualties.
    (AP, 6/19/08)

2008        Jun 21, Serb authorities turned over an ex-Bosnian Serb police chief to the Yugoslav war crimes tribunal in the Netherlands. Stojan Zupljanin was arrested in the town of Pancevo last week after nine years on the run.
    (AP, 6/21/08)

2008        Jul 21, Radovan Karadzic (63), the wartime leader of Bosnian Serbs, was arrested in a Belgrade suburb. A judge ordered his transfer to the UN war crimes tribunal in The Hague.
    (AP, 7/22/08)

2008        Jul 29, The Bosnian war crimes court convicted seven Bosnian Serbs of genocide in the 1995 massacre of Bosnian Muslims at Srebrenica and handed down prison sentences ranging from 38 to 42 years. Four others were acquitted. Milenko Trifunovic, Brano Dzinic and Aleksandar Radovanovic received the 42-year sentences, while Milos Stupar, Slobodan Jakovljevic and Branislav Medan each got 40 years and Petar Mitrovic received 38 years.
    (AP, 7/29/08)

2008        Jul 30, Former Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic sat in a UN jail cell after being flown to the Netherlands in the dead of night to face charges of genocide against Muslims and Croats during the Balkan wars of the 1990s.
    (AP, 7/30/08)

2008        Sep 10, A Dutch court dismissed a bid by Bosnian Muslim survivors of the 1995 Srebrenica massacre to hold the Netherlands liable for its troops' failure to protect the so-called safe haven.
    (AP, 9/10/08)

2008        Oct 14, The prosecution office of Bosnia's war crimes court said it ordered the arrest of Milorad Skrbic, 48; Milorad Radakovic, 46; Gordan Djuric, 40; and Ljubisa Cetic, 39, for allegedly having participated in 1992 in the wartime execution of 200 civilians.
    (AP, 10/14/08)

2008        Nov 20, The UN Security Council voted unanimously to extend the European Union's peacekeeping force in Bosnia for a year, emphasizing the importance of the country's progress towards Euro-Atlantic integration.
    (AP, 11/20/08)

2008        Dec 16, Three Guantanamo prisoners were flown to Bosnia and released to their families.
    (SFC, 12/17/08, p.A2)

2008        Carla Del Ponte, a Swiss prosecutor, authored (with Chuck Sudetic) ďMadame Prosecutor: Confrontations with Humanityís Worst Criminals and the Culture of Impunity." It covered her 8 years chasing Balkan war criminals. In 2009 this Italian edition was made available in English.
    (Econ, 1/24/09, p.88)

2008        Gen. Rasim Delic (d.2010 at 61), wartime commander of the Bosnian Army, was convicted of cruelty to Bosnian Serb prisoners during Bosnia's 1992-95 war. Delic was the most senior Muslim Bosniak officer convicted by the court in its 17-year history.
    (AP, 4/16/10)

2009        Mar 17, In the Netherlands the UN criminal tribunal for the former Yugoslavia reduced the jail sentence of Bosnian Serb leader Momcilo Krajisnik from 27 to 20 years, quashing some convictions from a 2006 judgment.
    (AP, 3/17/09)

2009        Jun 5, Bosniaís war crimes court Zeljko Ivankovic (37), a former member of a Bosnian Serb special police unit, had taken part in the July 11, 1995, killing of at least 1,000 Muslim men from Srebrenica and that he would be tried for genocide.
    (SFC, 6/6/09, p.A2)(www.emportal.rs/en/news/region/81408.html)

2009        Jun 19, Valentin Inzko, the intíl. communityís envoy in Bosnia, moved to invoke extraordinary legal powers after Bosnian Serb leaders passed legislation that he said undermined the 1995 Dayton peace accords.
    (SFC, 6/20/09, p.A3)

2009        Jul 20, A UN war crimes court in the Hague convicted Milan Lukic and Sredoje Lukic, two Bosnian Serb cousins, for a "callous" 1992 killing spree that included locking scores of Muslims in two houses and burning them alive in Visegrad. He sentenced Milan to life in prison and Sredoje to 30 years.
    (AP, 7/20/09)

2009        Sep 15, In the Netherlands the Yugoslav war crimes tribunal announced it has approved the early release from prison of former Bosnian Serb President Biljana Plavsic (79) after she served two-thirds of her 11-year sentence for persecution.
    (AP, 9/15/09)

2009        Oct 16, Bosnia's war crimes court jailed Milorad Trbic (51), a former Serb army captain, for 30 years for killing dozens and taking part in the persecution and detention of thousands during the July, 1995, Srebrenica massacre of some 8,000 Muslims. The court acquitted Trbic of genocide charges due to lack of evidence.
    (Reuters, 10/16/09)

2009        Oct 22, The Swedish government approved the early release of former Bosnian Serb President Biljana Plavsic (79), who was sentenced to 11 years in prison by a war crimes tribunal. The Justice Ministry says she will be released on Oct 27 after serving two-thirds of her sentence for persecution.
    (AP, 10/22/09)

2009        Oct 27, At The Hague Radovan Karadzic boycotted his UN trial for a second day while prosecutors began outlining their genocide case against the former Bosnian Serb leader.
    (AP, 10/27/09)

2009        Oct 30, The prime minister of Bosnia's Serb half said he would pull out of talks on constitutional reform led by the United States and European Union set to speed up Bosnia's path to EU and NATO membership.
    (Reuters, 10/30/09)

2009        Nov 5, In the Netherlands the UN war crimes tribunal decided that former Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic will be appointed a lawyer to represent him whenever he fails to appear in court.
    (AP, 11/5/09)

2009        Dec 13, In Serbia a grimy three-car train pulled out of Belgrade's railway station on the first direct trip to Sarajevo in nearly 18 years, restoring a link broken at the start of ethnic warfare in the former Yugoslavia.
    (AP, 12/13/09)

2009        Dec 22, The EU Court of Human Rights said Bosniaís constitution discriminates against Jews and Roma because it does not allow them to run for parliament of president. Only Bosnians, Serbs and Croats are allowed to run for those offices.
    (SFC, 12/23/09, p.A2)

2010        Jan 20, The United States extradited to Bosnia Nedjo Ikonic (45), a former Serb policeman. He was suspected of taking part in genocide against Muslims in Srebrenica in 1995, Europe's worst massacre since WWII.
    (Reuters, 1/20/10)

2010        Feb 2, A remote Bosnian village, home to highly conservative Wahhabi Muslims, was raided by hundreds of police who said they were searching for an unspecified security threat.
    (AP, 2/2/10)

2010        Mar 3, A British judge ordered former Bosnian Vice President Ejup Ganic held in custody despite a request to release him while he challenges a Serbian demand that he be extradited for alleged war crimes. Ganic was arrested March 1 at Heathrow Airport after Serbia issued an arrest warrant accusing him of war crimes in connection with the 1992 deaths of Serbian troops in Bosnia.
    (AP, 3/3/10)

2010        Mar 30, Serbia's parliament approved a declaration condemning the 1995 Serb massacre of 8,000 Muslims in Srebrenica, in a bid to distance the country from past warmongering under the late strongman Slobodan Milosevic.
    (AP, 3/30/10)

2010        Apr 21, In Bosnia war veterans protested proposed cuts in state benefits and set fire to a regional government building before being dispersed by riot police.
    (SFC, 4/22/10, p.A2)

2010        Jun 9, The Bosnian war crimes court indicted three members of a Bosnian Serb paramilitary group over killings, torture and detention of Muslims in eastern Bosnia early in the 1992-95 war. Milan Kornjaca (56) Milorad Zivkovic 54) and Dusko Tadic (46) were charged with taking part in a widespread and systematic attack on Muslim civilians in the town of Cajnice from mid-April to end-May 1992.
    (Reuters, 6/9/10)

2010        Jun 10, Two Bosnian Serbs, Vujadin Popovic and Ljubisa Beara, were convicted of genocide and sentenced to life imprisonment for the 1995 massacre of some 8,000 Muslims in Srebrenica, the harshest judgment ever delivered by the UN war crimes tribunal on the Balkan wars. It was a dramatic conclusion to the largest trial conducted by the tribunal.
    (AP, 6/10/10)

2010        Jun 23, In Bosnia firefighters and volunteers worked overnight and into the day to evacuate dozens of towns and villages due to flooding.
    (AP, 6/23/10)

2010        Jun 27, In Bosnia an explosion at a police station left one officer dead and five injured. 2 suspects were soon arrested in connection with the explosion. The primary suspect appeared to be an Islamic fundamentalist, fanatic rock fan and Che Guevara admirer.
    (AP, 6/28/10)

2010        Jul 9, Prosecutors at the Yugoslav war crimes tribunal in The Hague cited Ratko Mladic's diaries, seized in a raid on his wife's Belgrade home in February, in a motion to reopen the trial of former Bosnian Croat political leader Jadranko Prlic and five other political and military Croat officials that ended two months ago.
    (AP, 7/9/10)

2010        Jul 28, Former Bosnian Vice President Ejup Ganic returned to Sarajevo and was greeted by hundreds of supporters a day after a British judge declared him a free man and rejected Serbia's request for his extradition to face war crimes charges.
    (AP, 7/28/10)

2010        Aug 11, Bosnian officials said they have so far found 60 partial skeletons in the muddy banks of the manmade Lake Perucac in eastern Bosnia since the water level was lowered for dam maintenance. The victims were killed at the beginning of the 1992-95 war, thrown into the Drina river, and lodged into the banks of the lake. In 2012 a mass funeral was held for 66 Muslim Bosnians killed in Visegrad.
    (AP, 8/11/10)(AP, 5/26/12)

2010        Aug 13, The Bosnia's war crimes court confirmed charges of genocide for 4 former Bosnian Serb army soldiers over the killing of at least 800 Bosnian Muslims from Srebrenica in July, 1995. Franc Kos, Stanko Kojic, Vlastimir Golijan and Zoran Goronja all served with the Bosnian Serb army's 10th commando unit.
    (Reuters, 8/13/10)(AP, 8/13/10)

2010        Aug 27, Forensic experts in Bosnia said they have exhumed the remains of 54 Muslim civilians killed in the July, 1995, Srebrenica massacre. The skeletal remains were dug out of three mass graves buried under garbage at a dump site near Srebrenica.
    (AP, 8/27/10)

2010        Oct 3, Voters in Bosnia-Herzegovina cast ballots in elections likely to further entrench their nation's ethnic divisions and threaten possible EU entry. Some 3 million voters uneasily split between Serbs, Bosniaks and Croats chose from 8,000 candidates for the central and several regional parliaments, the Bosnian Serb presidency and the federal presidency. Preliminary election results indicated that the three-person presidency will remain deadlocked over the nation's future, with two leaders of the ethnically divided country advocating unity and a third pushing for the country's breakup.
    (AP, 10/3/10)

2010        Oct 26, Authorities in Bosnia and Serbia said they had recovered the skeletal remains of at least 97 people from the banks of a border lake that was partially drained this summer for maintenance. Most were killed by Serbs in the nearby town of Visegrad at the start of the 1992-1995 Bosnian War. But on the Serbian side experts found the remains of what they presume to be 11 Albanians killed during the Kosovo war in 1998-1999.
    (AP, 10/26/10)

2010        Nov 10, Bosnia inaugurated its new three-member presidency, and the leaders of the Bosniak, Serb and Croat communities remained deadlocked over key issues regarding the nation's future.
    (AP, 11/10/10)

2010        Dec 2, Heavy snow caused travel chaos across much of northern Europe, keeping London's Gatwick airport closed for a second day and disrupting road and rail travel in France, Germany and Switzerland. Freezing temperatures and often blinding snowfall killed 12 people, 10 in Poland and 2 in Germany. Poland had already reported 8 dead due to the cold. Some of the worst floods in a century devastated parts of the Balkans. Authorities declared a state of emergency in Bosnia, Serbia and Montenegro.
    (Reuters, 12/2/10)(AP, 12/2/10)

2010        Dec 3, Authorities in Bosnia, Serbia and Montenegro declared a state of emergency and evacuated hundreds of people after heavy rainfall caused severe flooding along the Drina River, the worst in 104 years.
    (AP, 12/3/10)

2010        Bosniaís population numbered about 3.8 million.
    (Econ, 10/2/10, p.54)

2011        Jan 18, Israeli police arrested Aleksander Cvetkovic, a former Bosnian Serb soldier. He was suspected by Bosnian authorities to be a member of an eight-man firing squad involved in executing between 1,000 and 1,200 Bosnian Muslims at the Branjevo Farm in July 1995. In 2013 He was extradited to face trial in Bosnia.
    (AP, 1/18/11)(SFC, 8/17/13, p.A2)

2011        Mar 3, Austria detained Serbian colonel Jovan Divjak (73) on a Serbian warrant. He had defected to Bosnia's army at the start of the conflict between the two sides. Divjak awaited a hearing on whether he should be extradited on suspicion of war crimes.
    (AP, 3/4/11)

2011        Mar 21, Bosnian police said they have seized some 2 million child pornography pictures and 7,000 video clips in the arrest of an alleged member of an international online child pornography ring. An unidentified 46-year-old suspect was arrested over the weekend following a raid on his home in the northern town of Derventa.
    (AP, 3/21/11)

2011        Apr 13, Edin Dzeko (39) of Washington state was arrested for extraction to Bosnia for his alleged participation in the massacre of Croatian civilians in the village of Trusina as a member of a Bosnian army unit in April, 1993. 16 civilians and at least 4 disarmed soldiers were killed in the village.
    (SFC, 4/14/11, p.A5)

2011        May 26, Bosnian Serb wartime general Ratko Mladic (69) was arrested in Serbia after years on the run from international genocide charges, opening the way for the once-pariah state to seek membership in the European Union.
    (Reuters, 5/26/11)

2011        Jun,  The FBI and Interpol conducted "Operation Hive," which resulted in the arrests of two Metulji operators in Bosnia and Slovenia. The world's biggest criminal botnet, that has enslaved tens of millions of computers across 172 countries, was named ďMetulji," Slovenian for "butterfly."
    (http://tinyurl.com/4346r4y)

2011        Jul 5, An appeals judges ruled that the Netherlands was responsible for the deaths of three Bosnian Muslim men slain by Serbs during the 1995 Srebrenica massacre, ordering the Dutch government to compensate the men's relatives.
    (AP, 7/5/11)

2011        Sep 6, At the Hague, Netherlands, the Yugoslav war crimes tribunal sentenced Gen. Momcilo Perisic, the former chief of the Yugoslav army, to 27 years imprisonment for providing crucial military aid to Bosnian Serb forces responsible for the 1995 Srebrenica massacre and for a deadly four-year campaign of shelling and sniping in Sarajevo.
    (AP, 9/6/11)

2011        Oct 28, In Bosnia Mevlid Jasarevic, a man from the Muslim-dominated region of Serbia, fired with an automatic weapon outside the US Embassy in what authorities called a terrorist attack. Police in southern Serbia soon detained 15 people suspected of belonging to an extremist Islamic sect.
    (AP, 10/29/11)

2011        Nov 7, Officials from Bosnia, Croatia, Montenegro and Serbia, announced plans for a donors' conference to be held next year and raise the money needed to implement a five-year plan designed to close down all migrant centers and provide housing for some 74,000 people.
    (AP, 11/7/11)

2011        Nov 11, Qatar-based Al Jazeera opened its 2nd foreign language station broadcasting in Serbo-Croatian from Bosnia. English broadcasts began in 2006.
    (Econ, 11/12/11, p.58)

2011        Nov 24, Bosnian police said they have discovered around 1.5 million pornographic images of children on the computer of a man they suspect of blackmailing United States citizens with money transfers amounting to some $3000.
    (AP, 11/24/11)

2011        Dec 20, The United States extradited Edin Dzeko (39), a native Bosnian, suspected of participation in the wartime killing of Bosnian Croat civilians. According to charges, Dzeko was a member of a Bosnian Army unit that attacked the southern Bosnian Croat village of Trusina in 1993, killed 18 civilians and wounded several others, including children.
    (AP, 12/20/11)

2011        Dec 21, Bosnia police and local media reported that as Monika Ilic, a Bosnian Serb woman suspected of such brutal crimes against non-Serbs at the beginning of the 1992-95 Bosnian war, has been detained. Her victims reportedly called her the "Female Monster." Ilic was reportedly 18 when she married Goran Jelisic, a convicted murderer and concentration camp torturer.
    (AP, 12/21/11)

2011        Dec 28, Bosniaís six main parties managed to form a new government.
    (Econ, 1/7/12, p.45)

2011        The first McDonaldís restaurant in Bosnia opened.
    (Econ, 2/1/14, p.65)

2012        Jan 12, Bosniaís parliament voted 36-2, with 3 abstentions, to approve Vjekoslav Bevanda, a Bosnian Croat and former regional finance minister, as prime minister.
    (AP, 1/12/12)

2012        Feb 5, Bosnia used helicopters to evacuate people and deliver food to those stranded by heavy snowfall. The cold snap across Eastern Europe has left at least 280 people dead including 131 in Ukraine.
    (SFC, 2/6/12, p.A2)

2012        Feb 10, Bosniaís Parliament approved a new Cabinet in a vote of 26-7, with one abstention. The leadership has promised to immediately tackle the country's economic problems, including its pressing lack of a budget.
    (AP, 2/10/12)

2012        May 25, Bosniaís war crimes court sentenced Bosnian Serbs Dusko Jevic (44) and Mendeljev Djuric (52) to 35 and 30 years in prison for expelling Muslims from Srebrenica and taking part in the killing of 1,000 prisoners after the town was overrun by Bosnian Serbs in July 1995.
    (SFC, 5/26/12, p.A2)

2012        Jun 28, The Yugoslav war crimes tribunal at The Hague acquitted former Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic of one charge of genocide but upheld 10 other war crimes counts related to atrocities in Bosnia's bloody war.
    (AP, 6/28/12)

2012        Jul 11, In Bosnia some 30,000 Muslims traveled to a memorial center in Srebrenica to bury 520 newly identified victims, some of the thousands of Muslim men and boys slaughtered in July 1995 by Serb forces.
    (AP, 7/11/12)

2012        Aug 11, In Bosnia Tarik Bijelic (6) was buried. He had been hit by a land mine as he scavenged in the forest for firewood to help his family make ends meet. Under an international treaty, Bosnia was supposed to be free of mines by 2009. It has quietly obtained another decade to clear an estimated 1,300 remaining square km (500 square miles) of mine fields.
    (AP, 8/17/12)

2012        Sep 12, Authorities in Bosnia launched what they called a major operation against several organized crime groups suspected of involvement in at least six murders, several major robberies, illegal money transfers and drug trafficking.
    (AP, 9/12/12)

2012        Dec 6, A Bosnian court convicted Mevlid Jasarevic, who opened fire on the US embassy on Oct 28, 2011, of terrorism and sentenced him to 18 years in prison. Alleged accomplices Emrah Fojnica and Munib Ahmetspahic were acquitted.
    (AP, 12/6/12)

2012        Dec 12, A UN war crimes court at The Hague convicted Gen. Zdravko Tolimir, a Bosnian Serb commander, of genocide for playing a key role in the July, 1995, massacre at Srebrenica.
    (SFC, 12/13/12, p.A5)

2013        Feb 28, UN appeals judges at The Hague, Netherlands, acquitted Gen. Momcilo Perisic of aiding and abetting atrocities by rebel Serbs, including the Srebrenica massacre, by providing them with military aid during the Balkan wars (1992-1995). He had been sentenced to 27 years in 2011, after being convicted of crimes including murder, inhumane acts and persecution.
    (AP, 3/1/13)

2013        Mar 27, The Yugoslav war crimes tribunal in The Hague convicted two senior Bosnian Serbs of war crimes in the 1992-1995 Bosnian war. Mico Stanisic and Stojan Zupljanin were each sented to 22 years in prison.
    (SFC, 3/28/13, p.A3)

2013        Mar 29, A court in Bosnia convicted a Montenegrin man of multiple counts of murder, torture, rape and looting during Bosnia's 1992-95 war, and sentenced him to 45 years in prison. A judge said Veselin Vlahovic (43) killed 31 people, raped a number of Bosniak and Croat women and tortured and robbed non-Serb residents of a Sarajevo suburb while fighting for the Bosnian Serbs.
    (AP, 3/29/13)

2013        Apr 26, It was reported that  Bosnian police have searched the office of the presidency and other government buildings as part of an investigation into corruption among top public officials.
    (AP, 4/26/13)

2013        May 5, Kosovo police in Pristina arrested Naser Kelmendi (56), a suspected Balkan drugs kingpin. He was wanted on an international arrest warrant and blacklisted by US authorities. Bosnian authorities wanted him as part of an investigation into at least six murders, illegal money transfers and drug trafficking.
    (AP, 5/6/13)

2013        May 29, A UN court in the Netherlands convicted six Bosnian Croat political and military leaders of persecuting, expelling and murdering Muslims during Bosnia's war and said leaders in neighboring Croatia helped hatch and execute their plan to carve out a Croat state in Bosnia.
    (AP, 5/29/13)

2013        Jun 3, Sulejman Mujagic (50), arrested las November in Utica, NY, was extradited to Bosnia-Herzegovina to be tried for alleged war crimes committed in 1995.
    (SFC, 6/4/13, p.A4)

2013        Jun 5, In Bosnia demonstrations began when angry young parents besieged parliament  to demand a new law be passed so their newborns could get national identity numbers.
    (AP, 6/11/13)

2013        Jun 6, In Bosnia nearly 3,000 people formed a chain around the Parliament, trapping hundreds of politicians and civil service workers inside in a demonstration of anger over what protesters say is a government paralyzed by ethnic bickering. They demanded a new law on personal ID numbers after the old one lapsed in February, leaving all babies born since without personal documents.
    (AP, 6/6/13)

2013        Jul 11, Appeals judges at the UN Yugoslav war crimes tribunal at The Hague reinstated a genocide charge against Radovan Karadzic linked to a campaign of killing and mistreating non-Serbs at the start of the Bosnian war in 1992.
    (AP, 7/11/13)

2013        Aug 28, In Bosnia 32 people were indicted for a string of murders and bank robberies in what prosecutors hailed as one of the biggest crackdowns on organized crime since the 1992-95 war. Bosnia's war crimes court sentenced Goran Sari, a former Bosnian Serb police chief, to 14 years in prison for his role in the killing of Muslim civilians during the 1992-1995 siege of Sarajevo.
    (Reuters, 8/28/13)(AFP, 8/28/13)

2013        Sep 3, In northern Bosnia some 140 miners barricaded themselves 250 meters below ground at a mine and threatened to go on hunger strike in a row over recruitment and pay.
    (Reuters, 9/3/13)

2013        Sep 6, The Netherlands supreme court ruled that the Dutch state is liable for the deaths of three Bosnian Muslims who were expelled from a UN compound at Srebrenica in 1995.
    (AFP, 9/6/13)

2013        Sep 30, In Sarajevo, Bosnia, trams and trolley buses ground to a halt after top power utility, EPBiH, cut electricity supplies to the capital's public transport company over unpaid bills.
    (AP, 9/30/13)

2013        Nov 19, Bosnia's state war crimes court said it had freed 10 convicted war criminals and would give them new trials after the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled their legal rights had been violated.
    (Reuters, 11/19/13)

2014        Jan 15, Bosnia's president and a Qatar minister opened a new library in the heart of the Ottoman-era Old Town section of Sarajevo to house books and more than 100,000 manuscripts saved from the 1992-95 siege. The oldest is a handwritten Islamic encyclopedia that was written in Arabic in 1105. Qatar donated $9 million to the project.
    (AP, 1/15/14)

2014        Feb 4, In Bosnia workers from five privatized companies began protesting in Tuzla after their companies were stripped of assets.
    (Econ, 2/15/14, p.48)

2014        Feb 6, Bosnian police used tear gas to disperse thousands of protesters who threw stones at the building of the local government in Tuzla, demanding action against owners of four former state-owned companies who filed for bankruptcy after they were privatized.
    (AP, 2/6/14)

2014        Feb 7, Protesters in Bosnia set fire to government buildings and fought with police as anger over unemployment and political inertia fuelled a 3rd day of the worst civil unrest in the country since its 1992-95 war.
    (Reuters, 2/7/14)

2014        Feb 9, In Bosnia hundreds marched in Sarajevo to protest alleged police abuse of people arrested during anti-government protests and to call for their release. Police said all but 10 of 44 people have been let go.
    (AP, 2/9/14)

2014        Feb 10, Thousands of Bosnian protesters called for the resignation of their regional government, ratcheting up demands on the sixth straight day of demonstrations over unemployment, corruption and political paralysis.
    (Reuters, 2/10/14)

2014        Mar 13, Bosnian police said the driver of a city bus was killed when a man threw a hand grenade into the vehicle as it stood at a bus stop in Banja Luka.
    (AP, 3/13/14)

2014        Apr 10, The Dutch government announced that relatives of three men killed during the 1995 Srebrenica massacre will each receive 20,000 euros ($28,000) in compensation. Seven months earlier the Dutch Supreme Court ruled that the Netherlands was liable in the deaths of the three Bosnian Muslims because Dutch troops serving in a UN peacekeeping force should not have turned the men over to Bosnian Serb forces.
    (AP, 4/10/14)

2014        May 9, Bosnia reopened the reconstructed National Library in Sarajevo. It had been destroyed by Serb shelling in 1992.
    (SFC, 5/10/14, p.A2)

2014        May 13, Serbia's new PM Aleksandar Vucic pledged support for neighboring Bosnia's integrity, making clear Belgrade would not encourage calls by Bosnian Serbs for a Crimean-style secession of their half of the country.
    (Reuters, 5/13/14)

2014        May 15, A woman and a firefighter drowned in Serbia and hundreds of people in the Balkans were evacuated from their homes as rain-swollen rivers flooded roads, bridges and railways, closed schools and cut off power and phone service in Bosnia, Serbia, Croatia and Romania.
    (AP, 5/15/14)

2014        May 17, In Bosnia and Serbia tens of thousands fled their homes, evacuated by boat or helicopter as rising waters surged into villages and towns. Authorities said the record flooding killed at least 20 people and the death toll could rise further.
    (AP, 5/17/14)

2014        May 18, Bosnian officials said over 300 landslides triggered by unprecedented rains have left hundreds of people homeless.
    (AP, 5/18/14)

2014        May 18, Bosnian officials said over 300 landslides triggered by unprecedented rains have left hundreds of people homeless. The floods and landslides unearthed minefield warning signs from the 1992-95 war and, in many cases, the unexploded booby traps themselves.
    (AP, 5/18/14)

2014        May 19, Bosniaís government said more than a quarter of the countryís four million people have been affected by the worst floods to hit the Balkans in more than a century. Torrential rains have caused rivers to burst their banks and triggered more than 2,000 landslides as the death toll in Bosnia and Serbia rose to 38. Croatia reported 2 deaths. The flooding left tons of drowned livestock.
    (AP, 5/19/14)(AP, 5/20/14)(AP, 5/20/14)

2014        May 20, In Bosnia nineteen convicts escaped from prison late today while their guards manned defenses against the worst floods to hit the Balkans in living memory.
    (Reuters, 5/21/14)

2014        Jun 5, Bosnia police arrested three Bosnian Serb former soldiers on suspicion of war crimes against Muslim Bosniaks following the discovery last year of what is potentially the largest mass grave of Bosnia's 1992-95 conflict.
    (Reuters, 6/5/14)

2014        Jun 27, Bosnian Serbs unveiled a monument in their part of Sarajevo to Gavrilo Princip, the man who ignited the war by assassinating the Austro-Hungarian crown prince on June 28, 1914.
    (AP, 6/27/14)

2014        Jul 3, French director Florent Marcie filmed Libyan insurgents from Zintan from the start of the Libyan uprising to the fall of leader Muammar al-Gaddafi and screened his film for the first time at Sarajevo's WARM festival. Some 120 Zintan fighters chartered a plane and traveled to Sarajevo to watch the premiere of the documentary.
    (AP, 7/3/14)

2014        Jul 16, A civil court in The Hague court cleared the Netherlands of liability in the deaths of the most of the 8,000 Bosnian Muslims slain in the July, 1995, Srebrenica massacre, but did order the nation to compensate the families of more than 300 men turned over to Bosnian Serb forces and later killed.
    (AP, 7/16/14)

2014        Sep 3, Bosnian police detained 16 people suspected of having fought in Syria and Iraq or of recruiting and funding other Balkan men to join the Islamic militants there.
    (AP, 9/3/14)

2014        Sep 4, In central Bosnia a coal mine collapsed in Zenica and trapped 34 miners following a 3.5 magnitude earthquake. 20 miners were rescued the next day and 5 were preseumed dead in rubble deep underground.
    (SFC, 9/6/14, p.A2)

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