Timeline Burkina Faso

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History: http://www.ontheline.org.uk/explore/journey/burkina/history.htm
Travel Guide:
http://www.virgin.net/travel/guides/africa/burkina_faso/historyandgovernment.htm
USDS:
http://www.state.gov/www/background_notes/burkina_0398_bgn.html

Burkina Faso means “and of honest and upright people." The population in 2005 was about 12 million.
    (Econ, 9/17/05, p.77)
This landlocked, West African nation, on the edge of the Sahara Desert was formerly called Upper Volta. The capital is Ouagadougou. In 2000 the country had the world’s lowest literacy rate at 7%.
    (WSJ, 3/27/96, p.A-16)(SFC, 12/15/98, p.C3)(SFEC, 7/23/00, Z1 p.2)

1710-1895    Muslim rulers led the Kong Empire, also known as the Wattara or Outtara Empire, which spread across West Africa. It embraced a diversity of religious groups straddling what later became Burkina Faso and Ivory Coast.
    (Econ, 4/23/11, p.51)

1959        Mar, Upper Volta (Burkina Faso) became autonomous within the French community.
    (EWH, 1st ed., p.1170)

1960        Aug 5, Upper Volta, formerly part of French West Africa, became independent under Maurice Yameogo. In 1984 it was renamed Burkina Faso.
    (WUD, 1994, p.139)(PC, 1992, p.973)(EWH, 4th ed., p.1233)

1965        Oct 3, Maurice Yameogo was elected to a 2nd term in Upper Volta (Burkina Faso).
    (EWH, 1st ed., p.1170)

1965        Bishop Paul Zoungrana of Upper Volta was made Cardinal by Pope Paul VI.
    (SFC, 6/6/00, p.A21)

1966        Jan 3, Upper Volta Pres. Maurice Yameogo was forced to resign by a group of officers. Col. Sangoule Lamizana became premier.
    (EWH, 1st ed., p.1170)

1968-1973    A severe famine hit the Sahel region of North Africa. Mauritania, Mali, Upper Volta (Burkina Faso) and Niger were most affected.
    (Econ, 8/20/05, p.57)

1969        The 1st Fespaco, a pan-African festival of cinema and television, opened in Upper Volta (Burkina Faso).
    (Econ, 2/19/05, p.82)

1975        May 25, ECOWAS Treaty1 was signed. The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) was formed in Nigeria with 15 members that included: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Côte d'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and Togo.
    (www.sec.ecowas.int/sitecedeao/english/achievements.htm)

1983        Aug 4, In Burkina Faso Blaise Compaore played a key role in a coup that brought Thomas Sankara (1949-1987) to power.
    (Econ, 3/21/09, p.49)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Sankara)

1984        Upper Volta under Thomas Sankara was renamed Burkina Faso (the land of upright people).
    (WUD, 1994, p.1571)(AP, 11/22/14)

1987        Oct 15, In Burkina Faso Thomas Sankara (b.1949) was overthrown and assassinated in a coup d'état led by the French-backed Blaise Compaoré (b.1951), who had trained in Gadhafi's guerrilla camps. Libya and Burkina Faso later denied repeated accusations of gunrunning to West Africa hot spots.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blaise_Compaor%C3%A9)(SFC, 2/19/00, p.A10)(AP, 12/16/02)

1996        Apr 27, A Dutch diplomat, Arnold Eisma, his wife and two children died of dehydration after becoming stranded in the remote Pama national park.
    (SFC, 5/3/96, A-10)

1996        Dec 5, An African Summit opened in Burkina Faso. New candidates for the position of UN Secretary-general were to be considered.
    (WSJ, 12/6/96, p.A1)

1997        The film "Kini & Adams" was by Idrissa Ouedraogo of Burkino Faso.
    (SFC, 9/10/97, p.E3)

1997        The Burkina Faso-French film "Buud Yam" was the Grand Prize winner at the 1997 Pan-African Film Festival.
    (SFEM, 9/28/97, p.17)

1998        Jan, In Burkina Faso David Ouedraogo, the chauffeur for Francois Compaore, brother of Pres. Compaore, died from torture injuries inflicted by 2 bodyguards of Pres. Compaore. Ouedraogo was suspected of stealing $31,000 from Francois. In 2000 the 2 bodyguards were convicted and sentenced to 20 years in prison.
    (SFC, 8/21/00, p.A10)

1998        Sep 16, The UN announced that the treaty to eliminate anti-personnel land mines will take effect in 6 months. Burkino Faso became the 40th country to ratify the pact.
    (SFC, 9/17/98, p.C4)

1998        Nov 30, Britain along with Lesotho, Burkino Faso, the Ivory Coast and Tajikistan signed a global treaty for an Int’l. Criminal Court to try war crimes. The accord was approved in July at conference in Rome and 61 countries had signed on. The court required 60 countries to pass legislation for ratification.
    (SFC, 12/1/98, p.A11)

1998        Dec 13, In Burkina Faso Norbet Zongo, a prominent journalist and presidential critic, was found dead in the wreckage of his burned car along with 2 cousins and a chauffeur in Ouagadougou. His death prompted thousands to take to the streets accusing Pres. Blaise Compaore’s government of involvement. Zongo was killed with his brother and 2 others. Zongo had inquired into the arrest and death of a driver, David Ouedraogo, to Francois Compaore, the brother of the president and "head of mission to the presidency." Ouedraogo was accused of stealing $50,000. [see Jan 1998]
    (SFC, 12/15/98, p.C3)(SFC, 2/19/00, p.A10)   

2000        Mar, Pres. Blaise Compaore of Burkina Faso and Gnassingbe Eyadema of Togo were reported to have helped Jonas Savimbi of UNITA obtain arms and fuel in exchange for diamonds.
    (SFC, 4/19/00, p.A12)

2000        Jun 5, Burkina Faso Cardinal Paul Zoungrana (82) died.
    (SFC, 6/6/00, p.A21)

2000        Burkina Faso amended its constitution to allow the president to serve two terms. Pres. Compaore made it effective as of 2005.
    (Econ, 11/27/10, p.58)
2000        In Burkina Faso Salibo Some (43) created the Africa’s Sustainable Development Council (ASUDEC) to help lift villagers out of poverty.
    (SFC, 12/13/02, p.K8)

2000        Jul 31, US and British diplomats accused the Pres. Charles Taylor of Liberia and Pres. Blaise Compaore of Burkina Faso of trading arms for diamonds and aiding the rebels in Sierra Leone.
    (SFC, 8/1/00, p.A8)

2001        Jan 19, Thousands of people fled the Ivory Coast for Burkino Faso to escape attacks on foreigners. As many as 10,000 were arriving each week and others were fleeing to Mali, Ghana and Niger.
    (SFC, 1/20/01, p.A14)

2001        Mar 31, Pres. Blaise Compaore asked for forgiveness for abuses over his 13-year rule as part of Burkina Faso’s 1st “National Pardon Day."
    (SSFC, 4/1/01, p.C10)

2001        Apr 26, It was reported that a meningitis outbreak had killed at least 3,500 people in Africa and that vaccine had been shipped to Ethiopia and Burkina Faso.
    (SFC, 4/26/01, p.A14)

2001        Nov 2, It was reported that Ibrahim Bah, a Libyan-trained former Senegalese rebel, lived in Burkina Faso and selected diamond dealers to handle deals in Liberia between rebels from Sierra Leone and the al Qaeda network.
    (SFC, 11/2/01, p.A8)

2002        Feb, The W135 strain of meningitis from the Middle East was identified for the 1st time in Africa in Burkina Faso and by Sep some 12,000 people were infected with 1,500 deaths.
    (SFC, 9/20/02, p.A12)

2002        Jun 11, Burkina Faso President Blaise Compaore tightened his grip on power, throwing out all nine opposition ministers from his Cabinet and cutting the number of posts from 36 to 31.
    (AP, 6/12/02)

2002        French president Jacques Chirac received three million euros ($4 million) from Ivory Coast's Laurent Gbagbo to finance his electoral campaign. This was made public in 2011 by Robert Bourgi, a lawyer with a network of African contacts who advised Chirac before changing camps in 2005 to aid French President Nicolas Sarkozy. Bourgi also named Senegal's Abdoulaye Wade, Burkina Faso's Blaise Compaore, and Congo-Brazzaville's Denis Sassou Nguesso and Gabon's Omar Bongo as contributors. Bourgi later said he was mistaken concerning (Senegal's president) Abdoulaye Wade and his son" Karim Wade.
    (AFP, 9/12/11)(AP, 9/26/11)

2003        Sep 26, Burkina Faso President Blaise Compaore demanded the elimination of U.S. export subsidies on cotton.
    (AP, 9/27/03)

2003        Oct 1, Burkina Faso arrested 12 people in connection with an alleged coup plot.
    (AP, 10/7/03)

2004        Sep 15, Eight French speaking African countries began retiring over 1 billion in decaying currency with new CFA francs. Benin, Burkina Faso, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Mali, Niger, Senegal and Togo had until Dec 31 to turn in old bills for new ones.
    (SFC, 9/15/04, p.C8)

2004        Nov 24, Canada’s PM Paul Martin visited Burkina Faso. Canada is investing about $20 million in a Basic Education Plan to pump $140 million into building schools across the country.
    (AP, 11/24/04)

2005        Feb 26, Fespaco, the biennial pan-African festival of cinema and television, opened in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
    (Econ, 2/19/05, p.82)

2005        Jun 1, Burkina Faso President Blaise Compaore opened the 7th summit of Sahel and Sahara countries, spurring the 21-member body to take a decisive role in shaping globalization.
    (AFP, 6/2/05)

2005        In Burkina Faso the TV sitcom “Le Nouveau Roymaume d’Abou" captivated Saturday night audiences. It focused on a good Muslim with 2 wives and numerous children fighting for his and each other’s attention. The literacy rate in the country was 12.7%.
    (Econ, 11/19/05, p.90)
2005        The population of Burkina Faso was about 12 million.
    (Econ, 9/17/05, p.77)

2006        Mar 22, A ferry carrying 150 passengers sank off the coast of Cameroon, and 23 people were rescued. The rest were feared dead. The was bound for Gabon from Nigeria with passengers from Burkina Faso, Nigeria and the Ivory Coast.
    (AP, 3/23/06)(SFC, 3/24/06, p.A12)

2006        Burkina Faso sent almost a third of its exports, mostly cotton, to China.
    (Econ, 10/28/06, p.54)

2007        Feb 24, In Burkina Faso the Fespaco film festival began. Hundreds of films made by Africans and people of African descent competed for the Yennenga stallion, a golden statue of a prancing horse.
    (Econ, 3/3/07, p.54)

2007        Mar 4, Ivory Coast's Pres. Laurent Gbagbo signed a peace accord with Guillaume Soro, the country's main rebel leader, calling for a new government to hold elections by the year's end, and for the dismantling of a vast buffer zone separating the two sides. The latest deal is the result of meetings between the two camps that started in early February under the oversight of Burkina Faso President Blaise Compaore.
    (AP, 3/4/07)

2007        Mar 23, The United Nations said nearly 800 people have died after a meningitis epidemic spread from Burkina Faso to eight other western African countries since the start of the year. Benin, Chad, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Mali, Niger, Nigeria and Togo have also been affected to differing degrees.
    (AFP, 3/23/07)

2007        Jul 12, Burkina Faso and Taiwan renewed a commitment to boost their diplomatic ties during a visit to the west African nation by Taiwan's Foreign Minister James Huang.
    (AP, 7/13/07)

2007        Nov 27, International experts convened in Burkina Faso for a  three day session to discuss the prospects for biofuel production in Africa. The conference was organized by the International Institute for Water and Environmental Engineering and CIRAD, the French agricultural research centre international development. Co-organizers included the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), the West African Economic and Monetary Union (UEMOA) and the government of Burkina Faso.
    (AFP, 11/26/07)

2008        Jan 17, In Burkina Faso leaders of half a dozen African countries agreed on Ivory Coast's Philippe-Henri Tacoury-Tabley as the new head of the central bank of the eight-nation West African Economic and Monetary Union (UEMOA).
    (AFP, 1/17/08)

2008        Jan 30, The United Nation's disaster relief agency announced that a meningitis outbreak that has claimed some 52 lives in Burkina Faso by mid-month has spread to three other west African countries. A spike in the number of meningitis cases has also been reported in Mali, Niger and Nigeria since the end of 2007.
    (AFP, 1/31/08)

2008        Feb 21, In Burkina Faso some 200 people were arrested following a 2-day protest against rising living costs which ended in violent clashes.
    (AFP, 2/26/08)

2008        Aug 9, In Burkina Faso heavy rains caused a mudslide at an illegal gold mine that killed at least 31 people.
    (SSFC, 8/10/08, p.A4)

2008        Oct 13, First ladies from seven west African countries gather in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, for a conference on ways to end female circumcision, a widespread practice in the region despite efforts to end it.
    (AFP, 10/13/08)

2008        Nov 15, In the West African nation Burkina Faso a collision between a passenger bus and a truck killed more than 60 people.
    (AP, 11/15/08)

2009        Feb 27, The UN Children's Fund said 53 million children are being targeted by a mass immunization drive against polio in Benin, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, and Togo. Some 844 polio cases were reported in the 8 countries in 2008, 95% of them in Nigeria.
    (AFP, 2/27/09)

2009        Mar 14, In Burkina Faso an overloaded canoe capsized on a reservoir, killing at least 15 women and children.
    (AP, 3/15/09)

2009        Apr 17, In Burkina Faso a meeting of economy and finance ministers of 14 African nations, all using a common currency that was pegged to the French franc, started with a French call to African nations to boost public spending.
    (AFP, 4/17/09)

2009        Sep 2, In Burkina Faso 5 people were killed and 150,000 left homeless as heavy rainfall triggered flooding across West Africa.
    (Reuters, 9/2/09)

2009        Sep 22, The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs announced that flash floods and lighting have claimed 187 lives and affected 635,273 people in west Africa since the rainy season started in June. This included 103 dead in Sierra Leone, followed by Ghana (24), Mali (20), Ivory Coast (19), Burkina Faso (8), Niger (7) and Senegal (6).
    (AFP, 9/22/09)

2009        Oct 9, Burkina Faso's environment minister, at the opening of a special forum on climate change, said Africa needs 65 billion dollars (44 billion euros) to deal with the effects of global warming.
    (AFP, 10/9/09)

2009        Dec 13, In Burkina Faso diplomats from the US, the African Union and the EU, met to discuss a plan to return Guinea to civilian rule. West Africa's regional economic body called for troops to be sent to Guinea to prevent violence in the wake of an assassination attempt against the military leader earlier this month and a bloody massacre in September.
    (AP, 12/13/09)

2010        Jan 12, Guinea's wounded junta leader, Capt. Moussa "Dadis" Camara, arrived in Burkina Faso from Morocco to recuperate after last month's assassination attempt. One of his top opponents said the surprise move could help him avoid prosecution.
    (AP, 1/13/10)

2010        Jan 17, In Burkina Faso Capt. Moussa "Dadis" Camara, Guinea's exiled leader, appealed for tolerance and reconciliation after he agreed to resign and remain in exile following a tumultuous one-year rule that culminated in a December assassination attempt.
    (AP, 1/17/10)

2010        Apr 22, In Burkina Faso Health Minister Seydou Bouda said a strain of meningitis, called X, has killed 718 people out of 5,118 cases in the West African country since January.
    (AP, 4/23/10)

2010        Jul 9, Aid agency Oxfam warned that the food crisis gripping the Sahel region of Africa was reaching disastrous levels and called on governments and the international community to act now. The crisis stretched across the region taking in Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Niger and northern Nigeria.
    (AFP, 7/9/10)

2010        Sep 10, Ghana officials said 17 people have died after neighboring Burkina Faso opened the Bagre Dam's spillways that was filling amid heavy rains. Officials in Burkina Faso announced in August they would open the spillways and warned people.
    (AP, 9/10/10)

2010        Oct 19, The UN said that 377 people had died in flooding in central and west Africa, with nearly 1.5 million people affected since the start of the rainy season in June. The highest toll was in Nigeria with 118, followed by Ghana (52), Sudan (50), Benin (43), Chad (24), Mauritania (21), Burkina Faso (16), Cameroon (13), Gambia (12), with other countries reporting less than 10 dead.
    (AFP, 10/19/10)

2010        Nov 21, Burkina Faso held presidential elections. President Blaise Compaore (59), a former army captain, was expected to win as he faced an opposition so divided it could not mount a unified campaign to fight him effectively at the polls. State media suggested Compaore won at least 80% of the peaceful vote.
    (AP, 11/21/10)(Econ, 11/27/10, p.58)

2010        Nov 23, In Burkina Faso 4 of the 7 candidates in recent presidential election say they won't recognize the poll's results, claiming the vote was rigged.
    (AP, 11/23/10)

2011        Jan 18, A Luxembourg official said the country will invest a large sum in Burkina Faso to help alleviate poverty in the landlocked West African nation.
    (AP, 1/18/11)

2011        Feb 20, In Burkina Faso Justin Zongo died while in police custody. The student's death sparked months of protests that left at least six dead. In August three policemen faced charges of aggravated assault related to his death.
    (http://brittanyinburkina.blogspot.com/2011/03/7h30.html)(AP, 8/23/11)

2011        Apr 15, Burkina Faso soldiers shot into the air, stole cars and looted shops in the western and central parts of the capital, Ouagadougou, as protests by military guards against unpaid housing allowances spread.
    (AP, 4/15/11)

2011        Apr 16, Burkina Faso police in the capital fired tear gas on thousands of angry merchants protesting a second night of looting by soldiers, the latest of several recent episodes of unrest in the small West African nation.
    (AP, 4/16/11)

2011        Apr 18, In Burkina Faso students burned down the ruling party headquarters and the prime minister’s house in Koudougou as a soldier’s mutiny spread.
    (SFC, 4/19/11, p.A2)

2011        Apr 19, In Burkina Faso Gen. Nabere Honore Traore, the recently appointed army chief, said that the new government will work to resolve the issues behind the military unrest that has plagued the country since last week.
    (AP, 4/19/11)

2011        Apr 21, Burkina Faso’s President Blaise Compaore announced he will remain president and named himself as defense minister, becoming a member of his 29-member cabinet.
    (AP, 4/22/11)

2011        Apr 30, Police in Burkina Faso said they will end their demonstrations. Some 1,000 demonstrators rallied in the capital to demand the departure of Pres. Blaise Compaore.
    (AP, 4/30/11)(SSFC, 5/1/11, p.A6)

2011        May 6, In Togo 26 people died after their bus crashed. The victims were mainly merchants from Burkina Faso who were traveling to the Togolese capital for business.
    (AP, 5/6/11)

2011        May 16, Ivory Coast's President Alassane Ouattara told citizens of Burkina Faso that they are welcome to return to his country, and vowed to put an end to the xenophobia and racial targeting that characterized his predecessor's regime.
    (AP, 5/16/11)

2011        May 23, In Burkina Faso thousands of students took to the streets of the capital burning tires and chanting in support of teachers who are demanding better conditions.
    (AP, 5/23/11)

2011        Jun 2, Burkina Faso soldiers were looting and shooting for a 2nd at a major military barracks in Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso’s second-largest city, provoking demonstrations.
    (AP, 6/2/11)

2011        Jun 3, In Burkina Faso at least seven people, including a 14-year-old girl, were killed during a mutiny by soldiers in Bobo-Dioulasso, the country’s second-largest city.
    (AP, 6/4/11)

2011        Jul 14, Burkina Faso's army chief of staff, Nabere Honore Traore, said the military has discharged 566 soldiers following a wave of mutinies that swept across the country earlier this year.
    (AFP, 7/15/11)

2011        Sep 10, Leaders of Ivory Coast and Liberia were joined by counterparts from West Africa for talks on security along the border between their two countries after a bloody post-poll crisis. Presidents Alassane Ouattara and Ellen Johnson Sirleaf were joined by Blaise Compaore of Burkina Faso, Abdoulaye Wade of Senegal, John Atta Mills of Ghana and Nigerian summit host Goodluck Jonathan, under the aegis of regional bloc ECOWAS.
    (AFP, 9/10/11)

2011        Nov 18, The European Commission said an extra 10 million euros ($13.5 million) in humanitarian funding will go on addressing "major shortfalls" in food in the Sahel region. The crisis is affecting 7 million people in Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger and Nigeria.
    (AFP, 11/19/11)

2012        Jan 2, Burkina Faso's president fired the country's customs chief after his detention over the seizure of nearly three million euros ($3.8 million) in trunks carried by a relative.
    (AFP, 1/2/12)

2012        Feb 6, A Burkina Faso security official said more than 1,500 Malians, fleeing a Tuareg rebellion in the north and reprisal attacks in Bamako, have found refuge in Burkina Faso.
    (AFP, 2/6/12)

2012        Feb 15, United Nations and EU aid chiefs called for "urgent" assistance for West Africa's drought-hit Sahel region (Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger), saying it needed $725 million (552 million euros) this year.
    (AFP, 2/15/12)

2012        Feb 16, The mediation and security council of the West African regional group ECOWAS approved humanitarian aid of three million dollars for victims of the food crisis and rebel attacks in the Sahel region (Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger).
    (AFP, 2/16/12)

2012        Apr 10, UN children's aid organization UNICEF led a cross-agency appeal for funds for the Sahel region (parts of Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger) where 15 million are suffering from malnutrition.
    (AFP, 4/10/12)

2012        Apr 14, Burkina Faso Pres. Blaise Compaore opened talks as mediator with the military junta that briefly seized power in Mali last month and Malian politicians trying to navigate a way out of the crisis.
    (AFP, 4/14/12)

2012        Apr 24, In northern Mali special forces from Burkina Faso swept into rebel-held territory aboard a helicopter and whisked Swiss hostage Beatrice Stockly to safety in a pre-arranged handover by Islamist Ansar Dine rebels.
    (AFP, 4/25/12)

2012        Apr 27, The UN food agency appealed to oil- and mineral-rich nations to set up a fund to combat the food crisis gripping the Sahel desert region (Chad, Mali, Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Niger) and other parts of Africa. The group said it needed $110 million (83 million euros) to combat the crisis in the short term.
    (AFP, 4/27/12)

2012        May 12, Ivory Coast and Burkina Faso envoys of ECOWAS quit Mali after failing to reach agreement with coup leaders on naming the head of a transitional government. The ex-junta now hoped that coup leader Amadou Haya Sanago take over as interim leader.
    (AFP, 5/12/12)

2012        May 22, On the border between Burkina Faso and Mali clashes broke out between the Peul herders and Dogon farmers. At least 30 people were killed in the clashes over land rights.
    (SFC, 5/25/12, p.A2)

2012        May 26, In Burkina Faso several thousand people protested across the poor west African country to denounce a steep spike in the prices of basic food items and petrol.
    (AFP, 5/26/12)

2012        May 31, The Geneva-based office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees says it now needs $153.7 million for its operations this year, quadrupling its aid appeal for Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritania and Niger.
    (AP, 5/31/12)

2012        Jul 7, In Burkina Faso West African presidents (ECOWAS) met with civil leaders from Mali in a bid to secure a national unity government to tackle a crisis in the north where Islamists have enforced Sharia law.
    (AFP, 7/7/12)

2012        Sep 3, In Burundi Aloys Nzabampema, ex-leader of the former rebel National Liberation Forces, claimed responsibility for a weekend attack near the capital and announced the creation of a new FNL faction.
    (AFP, 9/3/12)

2012        Nov 3, In Burkina Faso representatives of an al-Qaida-linked group that controls northern Mali arrived for talks with President Blaise Compaore, who is trying to mediate a solution to the conflict in the west African nation. A second delegation traveled to Algeria for talks with regional leaders there.
    (AP, 11/3/12)

2012        Dec 2, Burkina Faso voters lined up for parliamentary and municipal elections.
    (AP, 12/2/12)

2012        Dec 4, Tuareg rebels of northern Mali agreed to stop pursuing a separate state during talks with Mali’s government in Burkina Faso.
    (SFC, 12/5/12, p.A2)

2013        May 7, Soldiers from Mali and Burkina Faso pushed into the village of Ber, 50 km (30 miles) northeast of Timbuktu. It had previously been occupied by fighters from a Tuareg rebel group, the National Movement for the Liberation of the Azawad (NMLA).
    (AP, 5/7/13)

2013        Jun 18, Mali, which lost half its territory last year to rebels, signed an accord with Tuareg separatists who still control the country's northernmost province. The agreement was signed in Ouagadougou, the capital of Burkina Faso, where the two sides have been holding talks.
    (AP, 6/18/13)

2013        Jul 28, In Burkina Faso thousands of protesters marched through the capital decrying a perceived attempt by President Blaise Compaore to extend his hold on power through the creation of a new Senate.
    (AP, 7/28/13)

2013        Aug 2, Burkina Faso police said that two officers were seriously wounded in the unrest on campuses in Ouagadougou this week. The violence began after university officials told students to vacate their dormitories at the end of July and they refused.
    (AP, 8/2/13)

2013        Sep 12, Burkina Faso's government said it's lowering taxes for civil servants and increasing student loans amid growing unrest over the high cost of education and living.
    (AP, 9/12/13)

2014        Jan 5, In Burkina Faso 75 officials announced their resignation from the ruling party, ratcheting up political tension before elections scheduled for next year. They said democracy had "disappeared" from President Blaise Compaore's Congress for Democracy and Progress party.
    (AP, 1/6/14)

2014        Jan 18, Burkina Faso's opposition staged the country's biggest demonstration in decades to protest against an attempt by President Blaise Compaore's party to abolish constitutional term limits.
    (Reuters, 1/18/14)

2014        Jan 21, France said it will create new outposts and broaden its military presence in Africa's turbulent Sahel region to better fight the terror threat from extremist groups like al-Qaida. Defense Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian said France is moving toward a regional counterterrorism approach in former colonies like Chad, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Niger and Mali.
    (AP, 1/21/14)

2014        Jul 24, Air Algerie Flight 5017 carrying 116 people from Burkina Faso to Algeria's capital disappeared from radar early today over northern Mali after heavy rains were reported. Air navigation services lost track of the MD-83 about 50 minutes after takeoff from Ouagadougou.
    (AP, 7/24/14)

2014        Oct 28, Burkina Faso police used tear gas to disperse an opposition protest in the capital, as tensions increase ahead of a vote this week on whether the country's longtime president can seek another term.
    (AP, 10/28/14)

2014        Oct 30, In Burkina Faso thousands of protesters marched on the presidential palace after burning the parliament building and ransacking state television offices, forcing President Blaise Compaore to scrap a plan to extend his 27-year rule. At least 3 protesters were shot dead and several others wounded by security forces when the crowd tried to storm the home of Compaore's brother.
    (Reuters, 10/30/14)

2014        Oct 31, Burkina Faso President Blaise Compaore announced his resignation in a statement and called for a 90-day transition to "free and transparent" elections in the West African country. General Honore Traore said that he had taken charge. Compaore fled with his family in a heavily armed convoy to Ivory Coast amid violent protests seeking his ouster.
    (Reuters, 10/31/14)(AP, 11/2/14)(Econ, 11/8/14, p.52)

2014        Nov 1, In Burkina Faso two different military officials had declared themselves in charge before the army confirmed that Lt. Col. Isaac Yacouba Zida was the transitional leader.
    (AP, 11/2/14)

2014        Nov 2, In Burkina Faso gunfire erupted outside the headquarters of state television as an opposition politician tried to announce she was in control of the West African country that was plunged into chaos days earlier after the president was forced out. The army took over the national television headquarters. At least one protester was shot dead.
    (AP, 11/2/14)(AFP, 11/2/14)(Econ, 11/8/14, p.52)

2014        Nov 15, Burkina Faso’s military reinstated the constitution, suspended when the army filled the vacuum created by Pres. Compaore's departure.
    (AP, 11/16/14)

2014        Nov 17, In Burkina Faso career diplomat Michel Kafando was named interim president to steer the west African nation during a one-year transition back to civilian rule following the toppling of its veteran leader.
    (AFP, 11/17/14)

2014        Nov 19, Burkina Faso's transitional government named Lieutenant Colonel Isaac Zida as prime minister, four days after he restored the country's constitution under pressure from the African Union and the West.
    (Reuters, 11/19/14)

2014        The population of Burkina Faso was about 17 million.
    (Econ, 9/17/05, p.77)

2015        Mar 4, The government of Burkina Faso ordered former president Thomas Sankara's corpse to be exhumed, potentially rekindling controversy over the 1987 assassination of one of Africa's most idolized leaders.
    (AFP, 3/5/15)

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