Timeline Cameroon

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African Studies:  http://www.sas.upenn.edu/African_Studies/Country_Specific/Cameroon.html
Map:
http://www.sas.upenn.edu/African_Studies/CIA_Maps/Cameroon_19844.gif

 West African coast nation, southeast of Nigeria.
 (WSJ, 1/2/98, p.8)

700        The empire of Kanem began forming about this time under the nomadic Tebu-speaking Kanembu and. spanned bits of Chad, Cameroon, southern Libya, Niger and Nigeria. By the 15th century the intermarriage of the Kanembu and Bornu peoples created a new people and language, the Kanuri.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kanem-Bornu_Empire)

1300-1400    In Cameroon the kingdom of Foumban began in the 14th century.
    (WSJ, 9/23/06, p.A1)

1885        May 19, German chancellor Bismarck took possession of Cameroon & Togoland.
    (MC, 5/19/02)

1915        Jun 11, British troops took Cameroon in Africa.
    (HN, 6/11/98)

1929        Brancis Bebey (d.2001), composer, writer and performer, was born. He studied in the US and France and worked for UNESCO. His work included the 1975 book "African Music: A People’s Art," and the novel “The Ashanti Doll" (1977), which was set in Ghana.
    (SFC, 6/8/01, p.D5)

1960        Jan 1, French Cameroon gained independence.
    (PC, 1992, p.973)(EWH, 1st ed., p.1173)

1960        Apr 10, In the 1st Cameroon national election the Cameroun Union Party, led by premier Ahmadou Ahidjo, won 60 of 100 assembly seats.
    (EWH, 1st ed., p.1173)

1961        Feb 11-12, A UN plebiscite resulted in the union of the southern part of British Cameroon with the Republic of Cameroun.
    (EWH, 1st ed., p.1173)

1962        Mar 13, John F. Kennedy met Cameroon President Ahmadou Ahidjo.
    (HN, 3/13/98)

1963        The EU signed a trade deal in Yaounde, Cameroon, to keep markets open to former European colonies in Africa, the Caribbean and Pacific Islands (ACP).
    (Econ, 5/28/05, p.78)

1964        The Customs and Economic Union of Central Africa, UDEAC from its name in French, was established by the Brazzaville Treaty. Members included Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Chad, the Republic of Congo, and Gabon.
    (AP, 9/29/13)

1966        The Brazzaville Treaty became effective after it was ratified by the five member countries: Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Chad, the Republic of Congo, and Gabon.
    (http://tinyurl.com/3dglseb)

1970        The infant gorilla later named King was captured about this time in Cameroon and shipped to the US where he performed in Las Vegas and traveled  with a circus until age 10. He spent his next 20 years at Monkey Jungle in Dade County, Fla.
    (SFC, 6/12/99, p.A8)

1976         The Development Bank of Central African States (BDEAC) was established and included six members of the Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa: Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Equatorial Guinea and Gabon.
    (AP, 9/23/09)

1984         In Cameroon Lake Monoun exploded spewing out carbon dioxide gas that asphyxiated 37 people in a nearby villages. An int’l. team of scientists began venting the lake in 2003.
    (AP, 2/15/03)

1986        Aug 21, In Cameroon 1,746 people died when toxic gas, an invisible bubble of CO2, erupted [seeped out] from a volcano under Lake Nyos. Venting of the lake began in 2001.
    (AP, 8/21/97)(WSJ, 11/17/97, p.B1)(SFC, 8/14/99, p.A6)(SC, 8/21/02)(AP, 2/15/03)

1989        In Cameroon representatives of King Seidou Njimoluh Njoya, the 18th monarch of the kingdom of Foumban, announced that Joseph Ngoupou (39) would succeed his father as chief of the village of Koupa Ngagnou. Mr. Ngoupou lived in Maryland and worked there as an engineer.
    (WSJ, 9/23/06, p.A1)

1990        In Cameroon multi-party politics was allowed for the first time.
    (Econ, 3/1/08, p.50)

1992        The re-election of Cameroon Pres. Paul Biya was boycotted by the opposition and dismissed as bogus by int’l. observers.
    (WSJ, 12/10/96, p.A22)

1994        Feb, Nigerian and Cameroon forces clashed over the Bakassi region on the fishing and oil-rich Gulf of Guinea.
    (SFC, 5/7/96, p.A-10)

1995        Dec, A jetliner crashed in Douala, the largest city of Cameroon, and killed at least 72 of the 78 onboard the Boeing 737 on a flight from Benin.
    (WSJ, 12/5/95, p.A-1)

1995        Commonwealth members admitted Mozambique and Cameroon.
    (Econ, 11/24/07, p.64)

1996        May 4, Nigerian and Cameroon forces again clashed over the Bakassi region on the fishing and oil-rich Gulf of Guinea.
    (SFC, 5/7/96, p.A-10)

1997        Nov 14, Cameroon Pres. Paul Biya launched a campaign to fight millions of locusts in the northern part of the country where crops were already decimated by drought, animal and birds.
    (SFC,11/15/97, p.A20)

1997        Dec 21, In Yaounde, Cameroon, Pius Njawe, the publisher of the leading opposition newspaper Le Meesager, ran a story that Pres. Paul Biya suffered a heart attack. On Dec 29 Njawe was reported to have been imprisoned for the story.
    (SFC,12/30/97, p.B2)

1997        The Cameroon film Clandestine (Clando) was made by Jean-Marie Teno.
    (SFEM, 9/28/97, p.17)
1997        In Cameroon Eric Atangana, sent to the country in 1994 by his French employers in connection with a highway development project, was arrested. This was a little after the detention of Titus Edzoa, a loyalist-turned-foe of Pres. Paul Biya. Atangana was Edzoa’s campaign manager. Edzoa and Atangana were released in late February, 2014.
    (AFP, 2/28/14)

1998        Feb 14, A train hauling oil tanker cars derailed and collided with an oncoming train outside Yaounde. It exploded and killed up to 100 people.
    (SFEC, 2/15/98, p.A24)

1998        Sep 2, A new strain of HIV-1 was reported by French researchers from a Cameroon woman who died if AIDS in 1995.
    (SFC, 9/1/98, p.A4)

1998        Sep 23, Transparency Int’l, an int’l. good-government advocacy group, said that Cameroon is viewed as the most corrupt of the 85 countries rated.
    (WSJ, 9/23/98, p.B17)

1999        Mar 28, A volcanic eruption caused violent quakes and sent lava down the slopes of Mount Cameroon. No casualties were reported.
    (SFC, 3/30/99, p.F8)(SFC, 4/19/99, p.A6)

1999        Apr 19, One of the annual Goldman Environmental Prizes went to: Samuel Nguiffo, a Cameroon lawyer, for his work in protecting rain forests and opposition to the slaughter of chimpanzees and other rare wildlife.
    (SFC, 4/19/99, p.A2)

2000        Jun 6, The World Bank approved a $3.7 billion oil well and pipeline project led by Exxon and Mobile to link oil fields in Chad across 663 miles to the Atlantic coast of Cameroon.
    (SFC, 6/7/00, p.A12)

2002        Jun 30, Cameroon held parliamentary and municipal elections, one week after voting was called off because of a lack of ballot papers.
    (AP, 6/30/02)

2001        May, A plague of caterpillars was devastating crops in the eastern and southern provinces of Cameroon.
    (SFC, 5/19/01, p.C9)

2002        Jun 23, Cameroon's government halted parliamentary and municipal elections shortly after they began Sunday, citing logistical problems.
    (AP, 6/23/02)

2002        Oct 10, The United Nations' highest judicial body ruled in favor of Cameroon in a border dispute with Nigeria, giving it possession of an oil-rich peninsula in the Gulf of Guinea.
    (AP, 10/12/02)

2002        Oct 23, The Nigerian government said it rejects a World Court ruling that granted possession of a disputed oil-rich peninsula to neighboring Cameroon.
    (AP, 10/23/02)

2002-2004    The Nigerian and Cameroon nations spent two years exchanging small areas of territory along their land border north of Bakassi until September 2004 when the peninsula itself was first due to change hands. Nigeria cited "technical difficulties" for missing that deadline, and after two years of stalemate agreed at a meeting in the United Nations on June 12, 2006, to pull out within 60 days.
    (AP, 8/13/06)

2003        Jan 26, In Cameroon an overcrowded bus swerved into oncoming traffic on the nation's main highway, sparking a five-car pileup that killed at least 70.
    (AP, 1/28/03)

2003        Apr 19, Cameroon was reported to have banned gorilla, chimpanzee and elephant meat from its restaurants with prison terms and fines up to $16,000 for violations. Extermination of the animals in a decade was feared if hunting was not stopped.
    (SFC, 4/19/03, p.B6)

2003        Jul 15, Chad began pumping oil to Cameroon, part of a project to help alleviate crushing poverty in the two countries. The 4.2 billion project was funded by the World Bank on the condition that the oil money be used for development. Pres. Idris Deby later diverted the money to the general budget and for weapons.
    (AP, 7/16/03)(SFC, 12/21/07, p.A31)

2003        Jul 21, In southwest Cameroon water-logged hillsides gave way after a week of heavy rain, killing at least 21 people.
    (AP, 7/24/03)

2003        Oct 3, The first tanker set off the Cameroon port of Kribi with crude oil from a massive $3.7 billion, 665-mile pipeline from the landlocked nation of Chad.
    (AP, 10/6/03)

2004        Jun 12, Central African leaders of Chad and Cameroon officially opened the taps on one of the largest private investments in sub-Saharan Africa, a 663-mile, $3.7 billion pipeline snaking from Chad through virgin rain forests to the Atlantic.
    (AP, 6/12/04)

2004        Oct 11, Voters in Cameroon elected Pres. Paul Biya (71) to another 7-year term amid allegations of fraud.
    (http://4newz.net/nov2004/Cameroon.html)

2004        In Cameroon Operation Epervier (Sparrowhawk), an anti-corruption campaign, was launched.
    (AFP, 4/17/12)
2004        In Cameroon Inoni Ephraim began serving as prime minister and continued to 2009.
    (AFP, 4/16/12)

2005        Sep 16, The French civil aviation authority DGAC said it has banned flights by Cameroon Airlines for an indefinite period, citing safety concerns.
    (AFP, 9/16/05)

2005        Oct 15, Nigeria and Cameroon discussed a new program for Nigeria to withdraw from the disputed Bakassi peninsula, but failed to set a new deadline after two days of talks in Abuja.
    (AP, 10/16/05)

2006        Mar 12, The Cameroon government announced its first case of bird flu, becoming the fourth African country to be struck by the virus. New cases were also reported in Poland and Greece.
    (AP, 3/13/06)

2006        Mar 22, A ferry carrying 150 passengers sank off the coast of Cameroon, and 23 people were rescued. The rest were feared dead. The ferry was bound for Gabon from Nigeria with passengers from Burkina Faso, Nigeria and the Ivory Coast.
    (AP, 3/23/06)(SFC, 3/24/06, p.A12)

2006        May 25, Researchers confirmed that the human AIDS virus originated in a corner of Cameroon in wild chimpanzees. The first known human to be infected with HIV was a man from Kinshasa in the Democratic Republic of Congo in 1959.
    (SFC, 5/26/06, p.A2)(WSJ, 5/26/06, p.A1)

2006        Jun 23, In Cameroon a truck carrying a load of sand slammed into a passenger bus, killing at least 34 people.
    (AP, 6/2306)

2006        Jul 11, A survey, sponsored by the German development agency GTZ, reported that breast ironing, the use of hard or heated objects or other substances to try to stunt breast growth in girls, is widespread in Cameroon. The age-old practice was said to be traditional in West and Central Africa, including Chad, Togo, Benin, Guinea-Conakry, just to name a few.
    (Reuters, 7/11/06)

2006        Aug 12, Nigeria pulled thousands of troops out of the Bakassi peninsula ahead of an August 12 UN deadline for a complete withdrawal, but many residents said they would resist a handover to Cameroon.
    (AP, 8/13/06)

2006        Aug 14, Nigeria formally handed sovereignty over the potentially oil-rich Bakassi peninsula to Cameroon after withdrawing its 3,000 troops in compliance with a UN-brokered deadline. This ended a 13-year feud between Abuja and Yaounde. Nigeria will maintain administrative control of southern Bakassi for the next two years, after which the area will be in a state of flux for another five years before it will be finally handed over to Cameroon.
    (AP, 8/13/06)(AFP, 8/14/06)

2006        Nov 23, In Cameroon the African Union's 53 finance ministers, meeting in Yaounde, called for debt cancellation from their creditors and increased aid packages.
    (AP, 11/24/06)

2007        Jan 19, The EU said it has donated an additional 3.95 million euros ($5 million) to support the implementation of the Nigeria-Cameroon boundary demarcation project.
    (AP, 1/20/07)

2007        Jan 31, Chinese President Hu Jintao arrived in Cameroon to begin his second African tour to boost ties with a continent that has many of the oil and commodity reserves the Asian giant needs for its ballooning economy.
    (Reuters, 1/31/07)

2007        Apr 26, Six central African countries (Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, Chad, Central African Republic, Cameroon and Congo) plan to launch a common passport in July, permitting the free movement of goods and people across their borders.
    (AFP, 4/26/07)

2007        May 5, A Kenya Airways jet with 114 people on board crashed after sending out a distress signal over a remote rainforest in southern Cameroon. The Boeing 737-800 was carrying 114 people, including 105 passengers, from 23 countries. There were no survivors.
    (AP, 5/5/07)(AP, 5/7/07)

2007        Jul 22, Parliamentary and municipal elections were held across Cameroon, with longtime President Paul Biya's ruling party widely expected to dominate as it has for decades.
    (AP, 7/22/07)

2007        Jul 24, Cameroon President Paul Biya's governing party won a crushing victory in weekend polls as the opposition cried foul, saying the west African nation had not staged fair elections in years.
    (AP, 7/24/07)

2007        Nov 9, In Kumba, Cameroon, one person died and five were injured after security forces fired on a crowd protesting after a two-week-long power cut. Locals had taken to the streets to protest the arrest of four high school students following an earlier demonstration.
    (AFP, 11/10/07)

2007        Nov 12, An unknown armed group killed 19 Cameroonian soldiers in Bakassi, a border region handed back to Cameroon by Nigeria last year.
    (Reuters, 11/13/07)

2007        Nov 14, AGRA, a foundation set up in 2006 by former UN secretary general Kofi Annan to aid African farmers, named agricultural expert Amos Namanga Ngongi from Cameroon as its first president.
    (AFP, 11/14/07)

2008        Feb 26, In Cameroon the death toll after a 2nd day of strike-related violence reached 8. A taxi drivers' strike over rising fuel costs triggered widespread rioting exacerbated by anger over the cost of food, high unemployment and plans by President Paul Biya (75) to change the constitution to extend his 25-year rule for a third term of 7 years. Government ministers said around 25 to 40 people were killed, although a human rights group put the toll at over 100.
    (AP, 2/27/08)(Econ, 3/1/08, p.49)(Reuters, 3/31/08)

2008        Jun 9, Militants attacked an oil security vessel off the coast of Nigeria and seized eight navy personnel and a local Cameroon official. 3 soldiers escaped. On June 15 Cameroon military headquarters said authorities searching for the six people found five mutilated and bullet-riddled bodies buried in the mangroves.
    (Reuters, 6/9/08)(Reuters, 6/16/08)

2008        Jun 29, In Cameroon prison guards killed 16 inmates trying to escape from a jail in Douala, the country's commercial capital. The overcrowded prison was built in the 1930s to hold about 800 inmates, but has at least twice that number.
    (AP, 6/30/08)

2008        Jul 24, Ten insurgents and two Cameroonian soldiers were killed in a rebel attack in the oil-rich Bakassi peninsula. The rebels, who call themselves the Niger Delta Defense and Security Council, oppose Cameroon's ownership of the West African peninsula, which is also claimed by Nigeria.
    (AP, 7/25/08)

2008        Aug 14, Nigeria relinquished control of the oil-rich Bakassi peninsula to Cameroon despite fears the handover will provoke attacks from local armed groups who oppose it.
    (Reuters, 8/14/08)

2008        Aug 20, In Cameroon 9 inmates were electrocuted while trying to escape from prison.
    (SFC, 8/21/08, p.A3)

2008        Oct 31, Heavily-armed pirates swarmed aboard an oil industry support vessel working off the coast of Cameroon and kidnapped 10 of 15 crew members, including six Frenchmen. A man claiming to represent a rebel group opposed to Cameroon's takeover of the Bakassi Peninsula warned the hostages would be killed unless Cameroonian officials agreed to reopen the issue.
    (AFP, 10/31/08)

2008        Nov 5, A Cameroon militia leader said one of the 10 hostages seized by a local militia off Cameroon's coast last week was killed in a failed rescue attempt by Nigerian marines.
    (AP, 11/5/08)

2008        Dec 7, Off the coast of Cameroon at least three dozen people were missing and feared dead after a ferryboat accident. It was transporting 43 people in West Africa's Gulf of Guinea.
    (AP, 12/10/08)

2008        Cameroon airline Camair ceased trading. Yves Michel Fotso and Paul Gamo Hamani, two former bosses of the airline were detained and placed under formal investigation for embezzlement of public funds: Hamani in 2009 and Fotso in 2010.
    (AFP, 4/17/12)

2009        Jan 29, An international rights group said Cameroon's government is employing extrajudicial killings and torture to crush political opponents, and such violence may escalate as the global economic crisis deepens.
    (AP, 1/29/09)

2009        Jan 30, In Libreville, Gabon, leaders of the six Central African states (Cameroon, Chad, Gabon, CAR, Congo, Equatorial Guinea), began meeting to discuss closer economic ties, including the creation of a new regional airline. The Economic and Monetary Union of Central Africa, known as CEMAC, planned discussions on such issues as monetary reform and the free movement of citizens.
    (AFP, 1/30/09)

2009        Mar 17, Pope Benedict XVI arrived in Cameroon to start his first visit to Africa as pontiff. Benedict, arriving in Africa, said that condoms "increase the problem" of AIDS. The comment, made to reporters aboard his plane, caused a worldwide firestorm of criticism.
    (Reuters, 3/18/09)

2009        Jul 7, The Cameroonian newspaper Le Jour said five Chinese workers were abducted off the oil-rich Bakassi peninsula in Cameroon near the border with Nigeria.
    (AFP, 7/8/09)

2009        Aug 28, In Cameroon a petroleum-loaded cargo train collided with another train in the southwest of the capital Yaounde. 2 firefighters were killed when 4 petroleum tankers exploded.
    (AP, 8/30/09)

2009        Aug 30, In Cameroon a passenger train carrying about 1,000 people crashed in the northwest of Yaounde. Nine people were killed in the crash and its aftermath.
    (AP, 8/30/09)

2009        Sep 18, Paul Gilles Nanda (52), a Cameroonian employee of the Development Bank of Central African States (BDEAC), was jailed in the Republic Congo. He had compiled a document to disclose bad management at the bank with evidence to back it up. The Austrian daily Oberosterreichische Nachrichten revealed at the end of August that the BDEAC had lost 11 billion CFA francs during an affair in which international financier Bernard Madoff stole billions of dollars from thousands of investors.
    (AFP, 9/22/09)

2010        Feb 23, In Myanmar a Cameroon football player fled temporarily to the French embassy in Yangon as he was being taken to court by police for allegedly counterfeiting currency notes. He surrendered to police a short time later could face life imprisonment.
    (AP, 3/1/10)

2010        Mar 27, Pirates off the coast of Cameroon’s Bakassi peninsula seized the MV Gull, a Ghanaian ship, and kidnapped two sailors for ransom. Pirates took control of the ship and kidnapped its captain and an officer on board once they found nothing worth stealing. Pirates freed the two West African sailors on March 31.
    (AP, 3/30/10)(AFP, 3/31/10)

2010        May 16, About 20 armed pirates boarded the MV North Spirit, a cargo ship carrying fertilizer and soya beans, as it docked off Cameroon's commercial capital of Douala. Pirates kidnapped two Russian sailors during the attack.
    (AP, 5/19/10)

2010        May 30, In Cameroon at least 45 people died after a bus overturned in the West African nation during an overnight journey.
    (AP, 5/31/10)

2010        Sep 6, UNICEF said that over 300 people have died in Cameroon from the country’s worst outbreak of cholera in 20 years.
    (SFC, 9/7/10, p.A2)

2010        Sep 12, In Cameroon six hostages, four Ukrainians, a Croatian, and a Filipino, were kidnapped by unidentified gunmen off the port city of Douala. On Sep 30 the hostages were freed following a secret operation by Cameroon security forces.
    (AP, 10/1/10)

2010        Oct 19, The UN said that 377 people had died in flooding in central and west Africa, with nearly 1.5 million people affected since the start of the rainy season in June. The highest toll was in Nigeria with 118, followed by Ghana (52), Sudan (50), Benin (43), Chad (24), Mauritania (21), Burkina Faso (16), Cameroon (13), Gambia (12), with other countries reporting less than 10 dead.
    (AFP, 10/19/10)

2010        Nov 10, In Cameroon 2 buses collided head-on in remote Ngoa village, killing at least 14 people in a ghastly nighttime crash.
    (AP, 11/11/10)

2010        Nov 19, In the Republic of Congo 8 countries signed a convention to limit the spread of weapons in central Africa, but three countries opted out. Angola, Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Chad, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Gabon, The Republic of Congo, Sao Tome and Principe all signed. Burundi, Equatorial Guinea and Rwanda did not sign.
    (AFP, 11/20/10)

2011        Mar 18, In Nigeria sea raiders carted away some $400,000 from Douala’s Pan-African Ecobank killing 7 people. Two gunmen were arrested after the attack. Cameroon’s army later said it killed 18 pirates suspected of the robbery. Police in Cameroon later detained 4 navy officers and 5 civilians in connection with the robbery.
    (SFC, 4/21/11, p.A2)

2011        Mar, In Cameroon Roger Jean-Claude Mbede was arrested in connection with the text message and convicted the following month under a law that imposes up to five years in prison for homosexual acts. He received a three-year sentence. Mbede (34) died on Jan 10, 2014, after his family removed him from a hospital where he had been seeking treatment for a hernia.
    (AP, 1/12/14)

2011        Aug 26, Cameroon authorities charged four people aged 17 to 46 with homosexuality and remanded them in custody. Homosexuality is outlawed in Cameroon and those arrested risk five years in prison.
    (AFP, 8/27/11)

2011        Aug 27, Seven heavily armed assailants boarded the Cameroonian ship Monica with 150 people on board off the coast of Nigeria and took its captain hostage. The others on board were released unharmed.
    (AFP, 8/27/11)

2011        Sep 29, In south Cameroon armed men dressed as soldiers fired into the air and stopped traffic in Douala, demanding the departure of long-serving President Paul Biya ahead of a controversial poll. Bertin Kisob (36), head of the Cameroonian People's Liberation Army (ALPC), soon claimed responsibility for the action that left one person dead.
    (AFP, 9/29/11)

2011        Oct 1, Cameroon police arrested 50 activists from the Southern Cameroons National Council demonstrating in the city of Buea.
    (AP, 10/1/11)

2011        Oct 2, Cameroon police over the last two days arrested 126 protesters seeking independence for English-speaking Cameroon.
    (AP, 10/2/11)

2011        Oct 9, Cameroon voted in a presidential election widely expected to take longtime leader Paul Biya (78) into his fourth decade in power. Food and living costs continued to spiral as unemployment reached a crushing 60%. The vote was marked by widespread voter apathy, with Biya's reelection never in doubt, but was also marred by the killings of two policemen and an opposition official. On Oct 21 the Supreme Court said Biya was reelected for a sixth term with about 78% of the votes.
    (AP, 10/9/11)(AFP, 10/10/11)(AFP, 10/21/11)

2011        Oct 11, UNICEF, the UN children's agency, warned that the west and central Africa region is facing one of the worst cholera epidemics in its history, with over 85,000 cases reported leading to 2,466 deaths this year. The most significant increases were in Chad, Cameroon, and in western Democratic Republic of Congo.
    (AFP, 10/11/11)

2011        Oct 13, Ten Cameroonian presidential candidates were reported to have filed requests with the Supreme Court for the October 9 poll to be nullified over alleged irregularities.
    (AFP, 10/13/11)

2011        Oct 20, Cameroon's Supreme Court rejected an opposition bid to annul this month's presidential election, paving the way for the results to be published.
    (AFP, 10/20/11)

2011        Nov 11, Cameroon’s National Anti-Corruption Commission (Conac) said in its first report, since its creation by President Paul Biya in 2006, that 45 million euros ($62 million) had gone missing from the public works ministry, the general treasury and the maize industry.  Those figures came from a investigation CONAC conducted in 2009.
    (AFP, 11/11/11)(AFP, 4/17/12)

2011        Nov 22, A Cameroon court sentenced three gay men, arrested in July, to five years imprisonment and a fine, the heaviest sentence provided by local law, which bans homosexuality.
    (AFP, 11/23/11)
2011        Nov 22, Cameroon and Nigeria appealed for international funds to help mark the last 250 km (155 miles) of their disputed border that remains undecided.
    (AP, 11/23/11)

2011        Dec 5, In Cameroon 15 people were killed and 40 were seriously injured in a bus crash in the northwest.
    (AP, 12/5/11)

2011        The population of Cameroon was about 19.4 million.
    (AFP, 10/10/11)

2012        Feb 16, Wildlife activists said poachers in Cameroon have slaughtered at least 200 elephants in the past five weeks, where they are more dangerously endangered than anywhere else on Earth.
    (AP, 2/16/12)

2012        Feb 23, A Cameroon park official said nearly 500 elephants have been killed in Bouba Ndjida National Park in less than two months by poachers from Sudan and Chad.
    (AFP, 2/24/12)

2012        Apr 16, Cameroon police arrested former PM Inoni Ephraim (2004-200) as part of an investigation into corruption. Former minister Marafa Amidou Yaya was also taken into custody in relation to alleged misuse of public funds that had been meant for a presidential airplane, purchased at great expense in 2004 and which turned out to have serious technical flaws.
    (AFP, 4/16/12)

2012        Jun 28, Cameroon and China signed a large infrastructure deal that will see Beijing lend the African country €368 million to build its first new motorway since independence in 1960.
    (AFP, 6/28/12)

2012        Jul 26, The UN's food agency said 10 Central African countries have agreed to take part in a regional initiative to monitor the Congo Basin, one of the world's largest primary rainforests. They included Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Rwanda and Sao Tome and Principe.
    (AFP, 7/26/12)

2012        Aug 27, In Nigeria 10 people were killed in floods in Adamawa state following the release of water from a dam in Cameroon.
    (SFC, 8/27/12, p.A2)

2012        Aug 31, Cameroon’s state-run broadcasting reported that at least 14 people are confirmed dead and over 22,000 other affected by flood waters in the Far-North and North Regions. Prolonged rainfall combined with the release of water by the Lagdo hydroelectricity dam caused the Benoue River to burst its banks into nearby residential areas.
    (AP, 8/31/12)

2012        Nov 14, In Cameroon security officers detained four environmental activists opposed to the establishment of an oil palm plantation by Herakles Farms, a US-based company.
    (AP, 11/17/12)

2012        Dec 4, A top official of the World Wide Fund for Nature said that despite armed guards, Cameroon's dwindling elephant population is being decimated by heavily armed gangs of international poachers.
    (AP, 12/4/12)

2012        Dec 6, Nearly 2,000 Chadian refugees, who fled a 2008 civil war between rebels and government forces into Cameroon, began leaving their camp to return to their home country.
    (AP, 12/6/12)

2012        Dec 17, A Cameroon appeals court upheld a three-year sentence against a man found guilty of homosexual conduct for sending a text message to another man saying: "I'm very much in love with you."
    (AP, 12/17/12)

2013        Jan 6, The South African presidency announced that is sending 400 army troops to Central African Republic to help the country's army as it faces a threat from a coalition of rebel groups. Neighboring countries Cameroon, Gabon and Republic of Congo already have sent about 120 troops each to help stabilize the country confronted by the rebellion.
    (AP, 1/6/13)

2013        Jan 7, A Cameroon court overturned the conviction of two men who were sentenced for five years in prison for "looking gay" and ordering Bailey's Irish Cream. The two men had already spent more than a year in jail where they were subjected to abuse from guards and other prisoners.
    (AP, 1/7/13)

2013        Feb 19, In Cameroon a vacationing French family of seven was kidnapped and whisked toward Nigeria. The family was freed after two months in captivity, returning on April 19 to safety in Douala.
    (AP, 2/20/13)(AP, 4/19/13)

2013        Mar 21, Human Rights Watch and three local organizations released a report saying suspected homosexuals in Cameroon have been tortured and raped in prison.
    (AP, 3/21/13)

2013        Mar 25, Central African Republic's President Francois Bozize fled to neighboring Cameroon, as the rebels who overthrew him began squabbling who would now lead the impoverished nation long wracked by rebellions.
    (AP, 3/25/13)

2013        Apr 29, Cameroon’s Supreme Court announced that the party of entrenched ruler Paul Biya won 56 of the 70 contested seats in the nation's first-ever senatorial election.
    (AP, 4/30/13)

2013        Jun 24, Heads of state and government leaders from 25 West and Central African countries along the Gulf of Guinea met in Cameroon's capital to address escalating piracy, trafficking and other illicit activities in the strategic region.
    (AP, 6/24/13)

2013        Jul 12, In Cameroon Eric Ohena Lembembe, a prominent gay rights activist, was last seen in the capital, Yaounde.
    (SFC, 7/31/13, p.A3)

2013        Jul 15, In Cameroon the body of Eric Ohena Lembembe, a prominent gay rights activist, was discovered at his home in the capital, Yaounde, after he was unreachable for two days.
    (AP, 7/16/13)

2013        Jul 23, A Cameroon court found two men guilty under the country's harsh law banning gay sex, continuing a string of recent convictions that has drawn international condemnation.
    (AP, 7/23/13)

2013        Aug 19, Cameroonian police official Felix Ndalle Ngando was killed  by Seleka fighters loyal to Central African Republic's new president. This soon prompted Cameroon to shut its border with the CAR.
    (AP, 8/21/13)

2013        Nov 6, Cameroonian author Leonora Miano scooped France's Femina literary prize and used her acceptance speech to denounce racist insults directed at the French justice minister.
    (AFP, 11/7/13)

2013        Nov 13, Gunmen in Cameroon kidnapped Georges Vandenbeusch, a French priest working in the lawless northern region. Vandenbeusch was released on Dec 31.
    (Reuters, 11/14/13)(AP, 12/31/13)

2014        Jan 2, A Cameroon security official said 7 people, including two Cameroonian soldiers, have been killed in an attack in the east by an armed group from the Central African Republic.
    (AFP, 1/2/14)

2014        Jan 15, Civilians from the Nigerian town of Banki fled across the border to Cameroon to escape heavy gunfire. Cameroonian forces responded to repel Boko Haram attackers who also tried to cross over. One woman in Cameroon was killed and five other shooting victims were taken to hospitals.
    (AP, 1/16/14)

2014        Feb 7, In Central African Republic thousands of Muslims fled for their lives from Bangui, with Christian crowds cheering as truckloads of Muslim families made their way out of town. One man who fell off a truck was subsequently killed and his body mutilated, highlighting the savagery faced by those Muslims who stayed behind. A convoy of some 500 cars, trucks and motorcycles was guarded by armed soldiers from Chad. The UN's refugee agency said nearly 9,000 people, mainly Muslims, have fled to Cameroon in just over a week to escape communal bloodshed in the CAR.
    (AP, 2/7/14)(AFP, 2/7/14)

2014        Feb 21, The UN refugee agency said around 28,000 people have fled from conflict-torn Central African Republic to neighbouring Cameroon since the start of this month.
    (AFP, 2/21/14)

2014        Apr 5, In northern Cameroon two Italian priests and a Canadian nun working as missionaries were abducted before dawn in their residences by two armed groups. On June 1 the Vatican and Italy’s foreign ministry said Gianantonio Allegri, Giampaolo Marta and Gilberte Bussier have been released.
    (AP, 4/5/14)(AP, 6/1/14)

2014        May 5, In Cameroon at least one gendarme was killed during an attack by suspected Boko Haram militants near the Nigerian border. Cameroon state television reported that the army has freed 18 civilians seized in the country's east last week by rebels from neighboring Central African Republic.
    (Reuters, 5/514)

2014        May 16, Suspected Boko Haram rebels from Nigeria attacked a Chinese work site near Waza in northern Cameroon and at least 10 people were believed to have been kidnapped.
    (Reuters, 5/17/14)(Econ, 7/26/14, p.43)

2014        May 17, France and five African countries (Benin, Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria) declared war on the Boko Haram extremist Islamic sect. West African leaders met in Paris to improve cooperation in the fight against Boko Haram and other militant groups.
    (Reuters, 5/17/14)(SSFC, 5/18/14, p.A5)

2014        May 23, The UN said nearly 30 children fleeing the war-ravaged Central African Republic have died in just a month from starvation, exhaustion and exposure after crossing into Cameroon.
    (AFP, 5/23/14)

2014        Jun 1, Cameroon state radio said security forces have killed some 40 Boko Haram militants in clashes in the country's far north, shortly after the release of two Italian priests and a Canadian nun suspected to have been held by the Islamist group.
    (Reuters, 6/1/14)

2014        Jun 7, In Cameroon suspected Boko Haram militants from Nigeria attacked a town in the far north but local security forces fought them off, killing at least 2 gunmen.
    (Reuters, 6/8/14)

2014        Jun 8, Cameroon's soccer players refused to board a plane due to take them to Brazil for the World Cup because of disputes over bonuses.
    (AP, 6/8/14)

2014        Jun 18, Cameroon lost to Croatia 4-0 at the World Cup in Brazil. Germany’s Der Spiegel later reported that the match was fixed according to Wilson Raj Perumal, a convicted match-fixer. Perumal later denied the details of the report.
    (Econ, 7/12/14, p.56)

2014        Jun 22, In Cameroon an anti-poaching Cessna 172, flown by American Bill Fitzpatrick (59), disappeared as he approached Douala on a flight from Kano, Nigeria. Villagers stumbled on his remains in April 2015.
    (AP, 4/15/15)

2014        Jun 24, Cameroon security forces killed at least 10 suspected Boko Haram militants in three clashes in the north of the country near its border with Nigeria.
    (Reuters, 6/26/14)

2014        Jul 23, Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria pledged to mobilize a joint force to tackle the growing regional threat posed by Boko Haram Islamist militants operating mainly in Nigeria.
    (Reuters, 7/24/14)

2014        Jul 26, In Cameroon Boko Haram, Nigeria's Islamist militant group, carried out two cross-border attacks overnight, killing at least 4 soldiers at the village of Bargaram and prompting the Cameroonian army to send reinforcements to the area.
    (Reuters, 7/26/14)

2014        Jul 27, In Cameroon Boko Haram militants from Nigeria kidnapped the wife of Cameroon's vice prime minister and killed at least 3 people in a cross-border attack involving more than 200 assailants in the northern town of Kolofata.
    (Reuters, 7/27/14)

2014        Aug 2, Health experts said a cholera epidemic in northern Cameroon has killed at least 65 people and probably infected about 1,300 people over the last two months.
    (Reuters, 8/3/14)

2014        Aug 6, In northern Cameroon Boko Haram-linked militants killed 10 people including a soldier in a remote town near the border with Nigeria.
    (AFP, 8/6/14)

2014        Aug 25, In northeast Nigeria a Boko Haram attack on a border town forced thousands of people to flee to Cameroon, in a fresh assault indicating the militants' growing ability to strike at will. Some 480 Nigerian soldiers also fled across the border, where they gave up their weapons to Cameroonian authorities before returning to Nigeria.
    (AFP, 8/25/14)(AP, 8/26/14)

2014        Aug 26, Cameroon's army killed 27 members of Nigeria’s Boko Haram Islamists near the northern town of Fotokol over the last two days.
    (Reuters, 8/27/14)

2014        Aug 27, Cameroon's army attacked the Nigerian Islamist group Boko Haram, shelling one of their camps across the border and reportedly killing "many" fighters.
    (AFP, 8/28/14)

2014        Sep 7, Cameroon's military reportedly killed 100 Islamic militants who traveled from Nigeria to attack Fotocol just across the border. The army fired mortars at the extremists and pushed them back into Nigeria.
    (AP, 9/9/14)

2014        Sep 18, In Cameroon militants launched an assault in the village of Assighassia near the city of Mokolo. The army responded and two of the militants were killed and a Cameroonian soldier injured.
    (AP, 9/20/14)

2014        Sep 19, In Cameroon 4 civilians were killed in the remote north in a cross-border attack by Boko Haram militants in the village of Ganse.
    (AP, 9/20/14)

2014        Oct 11, Cameroon authorities said 27 hostages seized by militant group Boko Haram in May and July have been released, including 10 Chinese workers and the wife of Cameroon's vice-prime minister.
    (Reuters, 10/11/14)

2014        Oct 16, Cameroon’s army killed 107 Boko Haram fighters over the last 24 hours as at least 30 civilians were murdered by the guerrilla group, which fled back over the border to Nigeria.
    (AFP, 10/17/14)

2014        Oct 24, Cameroonian troops killed 39 Boko Haram fighters in clashes with the Islamists, who were carrying out three raids in Glawi near the border with Nigeria. 4 Nigerian refugees were also killed.
    (AFP, 10/25/14)

2014        Nov 25, A Cameroonian army operation freed 16 hostages, including Polish Catholic priest Mateusz Dziedzic, who were abducted by rebels from Central African Republic last month.
    (Reuters, 11/26/14)

2014        Nov 27, Cameroonian authorities freed General Abdoulaye Miskine, a rebel leader from Central African Republic, two days after a group of 26 hostages including a Polish Catholic priest were released by his faction.
    (Reuters, 11/28/14)

2014        Dec 17, Cameroon army troops reportedly killed 116 Nigerian fighters from the Islamist Boko Haram group at its northern army base in Amchide on the border with Nigeria.
    (AFP, 12/18/14)

2014        Dec 28, In northern Cameroon some 1,000 suspected Boko Haram fighters from Nigeria attacked five towns over the weekend and briefly occupied a military camp today before being removed by the air force.
    (Reuters, 12/28/14)

2014        Dec 29, Cameroon's government launched its first ever air strikes against Nigerian Islamic extremists to dislodge about 1,000 fighters who had seized a Cameroonian military base.
    (AP, 12/29/14)

2014        Dec, In Cameroon 25 Boko Haram suspects were found dead in their cell one day after being arrested.
    (AP, 3/14/15)

2014        Dec, Cameroonian forces arrested 84 children along with 43 men in the northern town of Guirvidig, accusing the teachers of using the schools "as fronts for Boko Haram training camps. In June 2015 Amnesty Int’l. said the children were still being held and called for their immediate release.
    (AP, 6/19/15)

2015        Jan 12, Cameroonian soldiers killed at least 143 Boko Haram fighters when the Islamist militant group attacked a military base along the Nigerian border.
    (Reuters, 1/13/15)

2015        Jan 17, Chad sent troops, about 400 military vehicles including tanks and armored vehicles, and several attack helicopters to Cameroon and Nigeria to aid in the fight against the Islamist militants. It was reported that Cameroon, Chad and Niger have launched a regional bid to combat the Boko Haram Islamists. In Chad tens of thousands marched in the capital to show support for the fight against Boko Haram chanting in French and Arabic: "Kick the forces of evil out of our territory."
    (AFP, 1/17/15)(AP, 1/18/15)

2015        Jan 18, In northern Cameroon Boko Haram fighters from Nigeria kidnapped at least 60 people during an attack on Mabass village. A number of people were killed. Some of the hostages escaped and 30 were freed following a gun fight between Boko Haram and the Cameroon military.
    (AFP, 1/18/15)(AP, 1/18/15)(AP, 1/19/15)

2015        Jan 21, Cameroon said Nitsch Eberhard Robert, a German kidnapped by Boko Haram Islamist militants in northern Nigeria's Adamawa State last July 16, has been released following an operation by the Cameroon military and its allies.
    (Reuters, 1/21/15)

2015        Jan 30, In northern Cameroon 3 soldiers and 123 Boko Haram militants were killed when the Islamist group attacked a Chadian army contingent over the last 24 hours near the border town of Fotokol.
    (AFP, 1/31/15)

2015        Feb 4, Cameroon's army killed at least 50 Boko Haram insurgents and lost six of its own soldiers in clashes with the Nigerian Islamist group in the border town of Fotokol. Boko Haram fighters went on a rampage in Fotokol, massacring civilians and torching a mosque before being repelled by regional forces.
    (Reuters, 2/4/15)(AFP, 2/4/15)

2015        Feb 5, In Cameroon Boko Haram fighters continued their attack on Fotokol, leaving nearly 100 people dead and some 500 wounded. Cameroonian soldiers assisted by Chadian forces chased hundreds of Boko Haram fighters out of Fotokol.
    (AP, 2/6/15)

2015        Feb 8, Nigeria's Boko Haram Islamic extremists abducted about 30 people including eight Cameroonian girls and killed 7 hostages in two bus hijackings in Cameroon and Nigeria.
    (AP, 2/10/15)

2015        Feb 16, Nigerian Boko Haram insurgents attacked a Cameroon military camp near the town of Waza in the north of the country, wounding several soldiers.
    (Reuters, 2/16/15)

2015        Feb 28, In Cameroon thousands of youths marched through the capital Yaounde to show support for the military's battle against attacks by neighboring Nigeria's Islamic extremists.
    (AP, 2/28/15)

2015        Mar 13, Cameroonian troops began attacking Nigeria's Boko Haram Islamic extremists near the Nigerian village of Ndaba, killing several of the militants over the next 24 hours and destroying some of their equipment.
    (AP, 3/16/15)

2015        Mar 19, In Cameroon 30 heavily armed fighters seized a bus in Babio, just miles (km) from the border, which was carrying people returning from a burial. The assailants drove the bus back into Central African Republic. At least 15 people, including a mayor and local government officials, were kidnapped.
    (AP, 3/21/15)(Reuters, 3/21/15)

2015        Mar 28, Residents of eastern Cameroon killed several suspected fighters from a Central African Republic rebel group who were trying to carry out a large-scale kidnapping near the border town of Garoua-Boulai.
    (AP, 3/29/15)

2015        Apr 16, In Cameroon Boko Haram militants killed 19 people in attacks on two villages on the northern border with Nigeria. Most of the victims were beheaded.
    (AP, 4/17/15)(AFP, 4/18/15)

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