Timeline Canada 2001 - 2015

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2001        Jan 1, In Canada new cigarette warning labels became effective. 16 rotating labels included such warnings as "Cigarettes cause mouth disease" with a photograph of blackened, bleeding gums.
    (SFC, 1/3/01, p.A9)
2001        Jan 1, In Canada a new federal gun control measure went into effect. It called for the licensing and registration of all shotguns and hunting rifles.
    (SFC, 1/5/01, p.A16)
2001        Jan 1, In St. Anne de Beaupre, Quebec, the new Ice Hotel opened. It was scheduled to close Mar 31.
    (SSFC, 1/21/01, p.T10)

2001        Jan 11, Lucien Bouchard, Quebec Premier, resigned.
    (SFC, 1/12/01, p.A16)

2001        Feb 5, Pres. Bush met with Canadian PM Jean Chretien at the White House for a get-acquainted session.
    (SFC, 2/6/01, p.A8)
2001        Feb 5, Engineering students from the Univ. of British Columbia dangled the body of an old VW from a railing of the Golden Gate Bridge. It hung for 4 hours before officials cut and let it fall into the water.
    (SFC, 2/6/01, p.A1)

2001        Feb 13, About this time Canadian police arrested at least 2 people in the Toronto area in a scheme to distribute $25 billion in counterfeit US bearer bonds.
    (WSJ, 1/2/02, p.R12)

2001        Feb, Canada established the 8,500 square-mile Sirmilik National Park on the northern tip of Baffin Island, 450 miles north of the Arctic Circle. It included most of Bylot Island.
    (SSFC, 6/18/06, p.G1)(www.newparksnorth.org/baffin.htm)

2001        Mar 10, The Nuu-chah-nulth Tribal Council of British Columbia signed a treaty with the federal government.
    (SSFC, 3/11/01, p.D2)

2001        Apr 19, Thousands of protesters gathered in Quebec City to oppose the Summit of the Americas and plans for a hemispheric free trade zone.
    (SFC, 4/20/01, p.A14)

2001        Apr 20, President Bush attended his first international summit as leaders of the Western Hemisphere's 34 democracies met in Quebec to advance plans to create the world's largest free-trade zone; police in riot gear clashed with protesters. Protestors pushed to interrupt the Summit of the Americas and held that the free trade efforts put corporate interests ahead of workers, human rights and the environment.
    (SFC, 4/21/01, p.A1)(AP, 4/20/02)

2001        Apr 21, Western hemisphere leaders meeting in Quebec ratified a plan barring undemocratic nations from a massive free trade zone they hoped would expand prosperity across their 34 nations. For a second day, protesters clashed with nightstick-wielding police who fired water cannons and rubber bullets.
    (AP, 4/21/02)

2001        Apr 22, In Quebec City 34 Western leaders affirmed the creation of a free trade zone by 2005 and agreed that only democratic nations could join.
    (SFC, 4/23/01, p.A1)

2001        Apr 27, Four students from Newton, Mass., were killed near Sussex, New Brunswick, when their bus crashed while enroute to a music festival in Halifax. At least 37 others were injured.
    (SFC, 4/28/01, p.A10)

2001        Jul 3, Mordecai Richler, Canadian social critic and novelist, died at age 70. His work included the novel "The Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz" (1959).
    (SFC, 7/5/01, p.D3)

2001        Jul 28, Samir Ait Mohamed (32) was detained in Vancouver on immigration charges. On Nov 15 he was arrested on US charges for plotting to bomb the Los Angeles airport during millennium festivities. He was held in Canadian prisons until he was deported to Algeria on January 11, 2006.
    (SFC, 11/17/01, p.A10)(www.cbc.ca/canada/story/2006/01/13/deported-terrorist060113.html)

2001        Jul 30, In Canada medicinal use of marijuana became legal. The government grew the drug in an abandoned salt mine in Flin Flon, Manitoba, and sold it to authorized users at C$5 ($4.40) a gram.
    (SFC, 7/31/01, p.A6)(Reuters, 11/13/06)

2001        Dec 7, Statistics Canada reported a jobless increase to 7.5%, the highest level since mid-1999.
    (SSFC, 12/9/01, p.A16)

2001        Dec 18, Canada passed the Anti-Terrorism Act (ATA).
    (Econ, 10/24/09, p.42)(www.justice.gc.ca/eng/antiter/index.html)

2001        Dec 29, In Quebec, Canada, Magloire Poissant killed his former wife, Colette Harnois, her two sons Michael MacDonald, 15, and Mathieu MacDonald, 18, and their friend Francis Mongrain, 17, at Harnois' home in Lavaltrie. In 2004 Poissant was sentenced to life in prison.
    (CP, 5/13/04)

2001        Ryan Hreljac (b.1991) of Ontario, Canada, founded a charity, Ryan’s Well Foundation, to provide drinking water in developing countries. At the age of six, began raising money for those affected by the global water crisis, and has since raised millions for water and sanitation projects in Africa.
    (http://www.ryanswell.ca/)
2001        In Canada the website AshleyMadison.com was launched with the slogan, “Life is short. Have an affair."
    (SSFC, 11/10/13, p.A6)
2001        A fish epidemic struck Atlantic salmon farms. The 2-year epizootic killed most of the young fish in 36 farms. Canadian scientists developed a vaccine, Apex-IHN, that protected the fish and in July, 2005, Canada licensed the product for sale.
    (WSJ, 9/23/05, p.B1)

2001-2003    Canadian citizens Abdullah Almalki, Muayyed Nureddin and Ahmad El Maati were labeled as terrorists and arrested on separate visits to Syria where they were imprisoned and tortured and then released without charge. In 2008 a federal inquiry said Canadian officials indirectly contributed to their torture by wrongly sharing intelligence information with Syria. The men later sued the Canadian government demanding apologies, compensation and the removal of their names from any watch lists.
    (SFC, 10/22/08, p.A2)

2002        Jan 5, Canada reported plans to send 900 troops to assist with peacekeeping in Afghanistan.
    (SSFC, 1/6/02, p.A9)

2002        Jan 7, Canada announced plans to send 750 soldiers to join US combat operations in Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 1/8/02, p.A11)

2002        Feb 5, In Canada a police raid on the farmstead of Robert and David Pickton in Port Coquitlan, BC, turned up evidence of 2 missing women. Since 1984 at least 50 prostitutes had vanished from the streets of Vancouver. Robert Pickton was arrested Feb 22. In 2003 the murder charges against Pickton rose to 22. Pickton’s trial began Jan 22, 2007, with prosecutors saying the he had confessed to killing 49 women.
    (SFC, 2/9/02, p.A9)(SFC, 12/16/03, p.A14)(WSJ, 1/23/06, p.A1)

2002        Feb 7, The Cree tribe of northern Quebec under Ted Moses ratified an October deal that ensured 15,000 Crees of receiving no less than $3.5 billion over the next 50 years and a share in benefits derived from their lands.
    (SFC, 2/9/02, p.A9)

2002        Feb 24, The XIX Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City came to a close. In one of the last events Canada beat the US hockey team 5-2 for the gold.
    (SFC, 2/25/02, p.A1)

2002        Mar 20, Steven Harper (b.1959), an evangelical Christian, was chosen as head of Canada’s conservative Alliance Party.
    (Econ, 10/14/06, p.42)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canadian_Alliance)

2002        Apr 18, A US fighter jet accidentally dropped a laser-guided bomb on Canadian forces near Kandahar, Afghanistan, and 4 soldiers were killed. On Sep 12 two U.S. F-16 fighter pilots were charged with manslaughter and assault in the "friendly fire" bombing of Canadian troops that killed four soldiers and injured eight. In 2004 USAF pilot Maj. Harry Schmidt was found guilty of dereliction of duty. He received a reprimand and was docked a month’s pay.
    (SFC, 4/18/02, p.A10)(SFC, 6/19/02, p.A8)(Reuters, 9/13/02)(SFC, 7/7/04, p.A6)

2002        Apr, The Dr. Peter Centre in Vancouver, Canada, began running a safe-injection site for drug-addicted patients with HIV and AIDS. The city estimated 12,000 intravenous drug users among 1.3 million in the greater area.
    (WSJ, 4/1/03, p.D8)

2002        May 2, The US Int’l. Trade Commission upheld a 27% tariff against imported Canadian softwood.
    (SFC, 5/3/02, p.B1)

2002        Jun 11, In Canada Inco Ltd. said on Tuesday it had reached a $1.9 billion, 30-year deal to develop the huge Voisey's Bay nickel deposit in northern Labrador.
    (Reuters, 6/11/02)

2002        Jun 13,  In Whistler, British Columbia, G-8 foreign ministers of the world's leading nations backed a Middle East peace conference, vowed to keep up pressure on India and Pakistan to step back from the brink over Kashmir, and maintained a united front against terrorism as they wrapped up a two-day.
    (Reuters, 6/13/02)

2002        cJun 21, Timothy Findley (d.2002), Canadian writer, died in France. His novels included "The Wars" (1977), and "Pilgrim" (1999).
    (SFC, 6/22/02, p.A18)

2002        Jun 23, In Canada an amphibious tour boat sank in Ottawa killing four people. It had also sunk a year ago.
    (AP, 6/24/02)

2002        Jun 25, In Vancouver, Canada, it was reported that investigators had found the remains of four more women at a pig farm linked to what is feared to be one of North America's largest serial killing cases.
    (Reuters, 6/26/02)

2002        Jun 26, The 2-day G-8 Summit opened at Kananaskis, Alberta. The leaders of the world's richest countries begin a two-day summit on a peace plan for the Middle East, the fight against terrorism and aid for Africa. They announced that Russia would be made a full-fledged member of the elite group.
    (Reuters, 6/26/02)(SSFC, 5/26/02, p.C2)(AP, 6/26/03)
2002        Jun 26, In Toronto, Canada, city workers went on strike at midday as last-ditch negotiations with Toronto officials failed to come up with a new labor contract to resolve the dispute over wages and job security. Upcoming events included a Gay Pride parade, next week's Molson Indy car race and a visit by the Pope.
    (Reuters, 6/27/02)(Reuters, 6/28/02)

2002        Jun 27, In Canada G-8 leaders signed an agreement with African leaders to support development. It was pointed out that US farm subsidies contradicted African exports. World leaders broadly backed a controversial plan by George W. Bush to end the Middle East crisis, although they mostly stopped short of endorsing his insistence that Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat quit. They agreed to spend $20 billion over the next 10 years to decommission weapons from the former Soviet republics.
    (Reuters, 6/27/02)(SFC, 6/28/02, p.A11)

2002        Jul 1, A Canadian climber who had scaled Alaska's Mount McKinley alone died after he fell about 1,000 feet (300 meters) while descending from the peak's upper reaches.
    (Reuters, 7/1/02)

2002        Jul 11, Lawmakers in Ontario passed back-to-work legislation to end a two-week strike by Toronto garbage collectors that covered the country's biggest city in mounds of rotting waste.
    (Reuters, 7/11/02)

2002        Jul 12, In Canada an Ontario court ruled that refusing legal recognition to gay and lesbian marriages is unconstitutional.
    (SFC, 7/13/02, p.A14)

2002        Jul 18, A Canadian Forces helicopter crashed in a remote region of Labrador, killing two pilots and injuring two other helicopter personnel.
    (Reuters, 7/18/02)

2002        Jul 23, A frail Pope John Paul II walked down the steps of his plane instead of using a lift after arriving in Canada to join thousands of young Catholic pilgrims for World Youth Day. Tens of thousands of exuberant young Catholics massed in Toronto to greet the Pope.
    (AP, 7/23/02)(Reuters, 7/23/02)

2002        Jul 25, In Canada Pope John Paul made his first appearance at a Catholic youth festival before as many as 200,000 young faithful eager to welcome the aging Pontiff with prayer and song.
    (Reuters, 7/25/02)

2002        Jul 28, In Canada Pope John Paul ended the celebrations of World Youth Day for 800,000 people in Toronto's massive Downsview Park. Speaking publicly on the church abuse scandal for the first time, Pope John Paul II told young Catholics that sexual abuse of children by priests "fills us all with a deep sense of sadness and shame."
    (Reuters, 7/29/02)(AP, 7/28/03)

2002        Jul 29, In Canada at least 23 young Cubans from a group who traveled to see Pope John Paul II decided not to return to the communist-ruled island.
    (Reuters, 7/29/02)

2002        Aug 7, Ford Motor Co. and Canadian fuel cell developer Ballard Power Systems Inc. jointly unveiled a hydrogen-fueled internal combustion engine-driven generator they said could help pave the way toward the commercialization of fuel cell technology.
    (Reuters, 8/7/02)

2002        Aug 21, In Canada Pres. Chretien, amid growing rifts within his Liberal Party, said he will not seek a 4th term and will resign in Feb 2004.
    (SFC, 8/22/02, p.A8)

2002        Aug 23, Canada confirmed prairie farmers' worst fears in a report that slashed crop production forecasts after one of worst growing seasons since the dust bowl of the 1930s.
    (Reuters, 8/23/02)

2002        Aug 28, Canadian police arrested a man in the rape and killing of an 11-year-old aboriginal boy who was found in a basement storage room in Winnipeg.
    (Reuters, 8/29/02)

2002        Sep 5, The Canadian government said it will spend C$105 million ($66.9 million) in the first stage of a plan to connect the country's rural residents to high-speed Internet service by 2005.
    (Reuters, 9/6/02)

2002        Sep 26, US immigration officials seized Maher Arar, a Syrian-born Canadian, after his name popped up on a watch list at JFK. US officials refused to allow legal council or a phone call. The CIA questioned him and then handed him over to Syrian intelligence where he was held and tortured for 10 months before being released. The case came to be called an instance of "torture by proxy." In 2006 a Canadian government report said the US "very likely" sent the software engineer to Syria, where he was tortured, based on the false accusation by Canadian authorities that he was suspected of links to al-Qaida.
    (SSFC, 1/4/04, p.D1)(AP, 9/19/06)

2002        Oct 3, Canada said it planned to create 10 huge new national parks and five marine conservation areas over the next five years to protect unique landscapes and animals.
    (Reuters, 10/3/02)

2002        Oct 15, In Canada a man facing workplace discipline shot and killed two co-workers at a provincial office in Kamloops, British Columbia, before taking his own life.
    (Reuters, 10/16/02)

2002        Oct 22, Canadian writer Yann Martel won the Booker Prize for "Life of Pi," his quirky fable about a boy's survival after a shipwreck.
    (Reuters, 10/22/02)

2002        Nov 5, Barbados-born author Austin Clarke won the 2002 Giller Prize, Canada's most lucrative and glamorous fiction award, for his novel, "The Polished Hoe".
    (Reuters, 11/6/02)
2002        Nov 5, Canadian Prime Minister Jean Chretien suffered an embarrassing defeat when many disgruntled legislators from his Liberal Party voted with opposition members to strip him of the right to appoint the heads of parliamentary committees.
    (Reuters, 11/6/02)

2002        Nov 19, It was reported that Ken Thomson, billionaire media baron and Canada's richest man, will donate his C$300 million ($190 million) art collection to the Art Gallery of Ontario.
    (Reuters, 11/19/02)

2002        Nov 20, Francoise Ducros, aide to PM Chretien of Canada, called Pres. Bush a moron during a private conversation in Prague. She resigned Nov 26.
    (SFC, 11/23/02, p.A1)(AP, 11/26/02)

2002        Nov 22, An epidemic of tree-killing pine beetles was reported to be spreading through the forests of British Columbia, Canada's largest lumber exporting province. The deadly insects had also entered northern Alberta and were now found in an area nearly three-quarters the size of Sweden. By 2008 the mountain pine beetle had infested and killed over half the lodgepole pine forest in the center of BC and made inroads into 11 western American states.
    (Reuters, 11/22/02)(Econ, 7/5/08, p.47)

2002        Dec 16, Canada ratified the Kyoto Protocol, the 1997 treaty on reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
    (AP, 12/16/03)

2002        Dec 20, Canada's Supreme Court ruled that the book "One Dad, Two Dads, Brown Dad, Blue Dads" and others with gay themes cannot be banned from kindergarten classrooms of a Canadian school on religious grounds.
    (Reuters, 12/20/02)
2002        Dec 20, Climbing energy prices pushed Canadian inflation to an 11-year high last month, well above the central bank's target range, but analysts said the steep inflation rate would not yet trigger higher interest rates.
    (Reuters, 12/20/02)

2002        Canada’s Research in Motion (RIM) lost a patent infringement suit to NTP, a company comprised of little more than lawyers and the patents of Thomas Campana (d.2004), the holder of over 50 patents on wireless-data systems.
    (Econ, 11/26/05, p.76)

2002        The World RPS Society, promoters of the rock-paper-scissors game, held its 1st int’l. tournament in Toronto, Canada. Pete Lovering of Toronto won the competition.
    (WSJ, 3/3/06, p.A1)

2003        Jan 1, In Canada a new gun law came into effect that required the registration of all rifles and shotguns.
    (AP, 1/2/03)

2003        Jan 20, In Canada 7 members of a ski party were killed in an avalanche near Durrand Glacier outside of Banff National Park.
    (WSJ, 1/22/03, p.A1)

2003        Feb 1, In western Canada 7 people were killed in the 2nd fatal avalanche to strike in less than two weeks.
    (Reuters, 2/1/03)

2003          Mar 4, The Bank of Canada raised its key overnight interest rate to 3 percent from 2.75 percent, as it fretted about a steeper inflation rate.
    (AP, 3/4/03)

2003        Mar 17, Pen Hadow, 41, began a 478-mile trek from Ward Hunt Island in northern Canada to the geographic North Pole. He reached the Pole unsupported on May 19, but a plane has been unable to retrieve him because of broken ice and thick clouds.
    (AP, 5/27/03)

2003        Apr 1, Air Canada filed for bankruptcy protection.
    (WSJ, 1/2/04, p.R9)

2003        Apr 12, Canada reported 3 more deaths from the deadly SARS virus, lifting the national toll to 13. 274 probable or suspect cases have been reported across Canada, up from 266. Canadian scientists reported that they had broken the genetic code of the SARS virus.
    (AP, 4/13/03)(SFC, 4/14/03, p.A1)

2003        Apr 13, Mike Weir became the first Canadian to win the Masters after the first sudden-death playoff in 13 years.
    (AP, 4/13/04)

2003        Apr 15, US and Canadian officials announced the disruption of a major methamphetamine supply system. An 18-month investigation netted 67 arrests.
    (WSJ, 4/16/03, p.A1)

2003        Apr 23, The WHO added Toronto to its list of places to avoid due to SARS.
    (SFC, 4/24/03, A1)

2003        Apr 29, The World Health Organization ended its warning that travelers avoid Toronto, Canada.
    (AP, 4/30/03)

2003        Apr, Jean Charest and his provincial Liberals won elections in Quebec on promises to cut taxes, improve the services, and eliminate the budget deficit.
    (Econ, 2/14/04, p.36)

2003        May 2, A US official warned that the US is ready to sacrifice the free flow of trade with Canada if necessary to respond to a planned Canadian decriminalization of marijuana.
    (AP, 5/2/03)

2003        May 11, Anson Carter scored at 13:49 of overtime to give Canada a 3-2 victory over Sweden and win its first world ice hockey championship since 1997.
    (AP, 5/11/03)

2003        May 12, In Toronto, Canada, Holly Jones (10) disappeared after she walked a friend home in broad daylight.  Less than 24 hours later, a man found some of the girl's remains in a gym bag off Ward's Island in Lake Ontario. More body parts were found some distance away on the mainland. Michael Briere (35) was arrested for the murder on Jun 20.
    (AP, 6/21/03)

2003        May 20, Canadian agriculture officials said that it took 15 weeks -- from Jan. 31 to May 16 -- before a battery of tests ordered on a sickly, underweight cow that had been deemed unfit for human consumption proved it had mad cow disease. In 2004 investigators identified 68 British cattle as the probable source of Canada's mad cow cases.
    (AP, 5/20/03)(WSJ, 3/22/04, p.A1)

2003        May 23, Another travel alert for Toronto, Canada, was issued following the report of 20 possible new cases of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS).
    (AP, 5/24/03)

2003        May 24, Ontario health officials said they were monitoring 33 people for the deadly SARS virus with another 500 in quarantine and warned that the number of suspected cases could grow in coming days.
    (Reuters, 5/24/03)

2003        May 25, Canada health officials reported that SARS had killed three more people in Ontario.
    (Reuters, 5/26/03)

2003        May 26, The World Health Organization (WHO) said it would put Canada's business capital Toronto back on the list of areas where SARS is spreading.
    (Reuters, 5/26/03)

2003        May 28, In Canada SARS killed two more people in Toronto and concern about the deadly virus shut down a Toronto-area high school.
    (AP, 5/29/03)

2003        May 31, Toronto reported more cases of SARS and said the disease may have caused the deaths of four people at a hospital on the edge of the city.
    (Reuters, 5/31/03)

2003        Jun 8, Toronto reported two more SARS deaths, raising the Canadian toll from the deadly respiratory illness to 33.
    (Reuters, 6/8/03)

2003        Jun 10, Toronto, Canada, issued North America's 1st full marriage licenses to same sex couples after a judge knocked down Canada's legal definition of marriage, the union of a man and a woman, as a violation of the country's Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
    (SFC, 6/11/03, p.A7)

2003        Jun 11, The Canadian government said that gay marriages performed in the central province of Ontario over the last two days were legal for now but refused to rule out taking measures later to invalidate them.
    (Reuters, 6/11/03)

2003        Jun 23, In Iran Zahra Kazemi (54), a Montreal-based journalist, was detained after taking pictures of Tehran's notorious Evin prison. She died Jul 11 of brain hemorrhage from inflicted blows. Iran later admitted that she was murdered while under police custody. Her family sought $14 million in damages, but a 1985 Canadian law held that foreign states are immune from the jurisdiction of Canadian courts.
    (AP, 7/13/03)(SFC, 7/17/03, p.A7)(WSJ, 7/31/03, p.A1)(SSFC, 12/6/09, p.A26)

2003        Jun 26, The 24th annual Montreal Jazz Festival opened. By Jul 6 it had drawn some 1.7 million attendees.
    (WSJ, 7/10/03, p.D8)
2003        Jun 26, Canada's health ministry approved a "safe injection site" for illegal drug users in Vancouver. After 5 years it was found that only about 500 of the city’s 8,000 addicts used the Insite program on a daily basis and that there was no decrease in HIV cases.
    (SFC, 6/27/03, p.D1)(Econ, 8/9/08, p.37)

2003        Jul 2, Vancouver, Canada, was awarded the 2010 Winter Olympics.
    (AP, 7/2/04)
2003        Jul 2, The WHO said Toronto was no longer SARS infected, leaving Taiwan as the only place in the world where the disease was not yet fully under control.
    (AP, 7/2/03)

2003        Jul 9, Canada became the 1st country in the world to start selling marijuana to several hundred seriously ill people but said the pot project could be halted at any time.
    (Reuters, 7/9/03)

2003        Jul 11, The Canadian government gave Air Canada the right to operate scheduled passenger flights to Cuba.
    (Reuters, 7/11/03)
2003        Jul 11, In Iran Zahra Kazemi (54), a Montreal-based journalist, died of brain hemorrhage from inflicted blows. [see Jun 23] Iran later admitted that she was murdered while under police custody. In 2004 a closed trial was held for a secret agent charged with the murder. Mohammad Reza Aghdam Ahmadi pleaded innocent on July 17 and the trial was abruptly ended the next day. The Tehran court acquitted Ahmadi.
    (AP, 7/13/03)(SFC, 7/17/03, p.A7)(WSJ, 7/31/03, p.A1)(SFC, 7/19/04, p.A8)(AP, 7/25/04)

2003        Jul 16, Carol Shields (68), the Pulitzer-prize winning author who wrote "The Stone Diaries" (1995) and more than 20 other books, died at her home in Victoria, British Columbia.
    (AP, 7/17/03)(SFC, 7/18/03, p.A29)

2003        Aug 2, Canadian military personnel joined nearly 2,000 civilian firefighters battling the three fires -- in Kamloops, Barriere and Falkland, British Columbia. An estimated 8,500 people had already been evacuated as 16,500 acres burned.
    (Reuters, 8/2/03)

2003        Aug 13, Ontario health officials reported that a family doctor had become the 44th person to die from SARS in Toronto.
    (AP, 8/14/03)

2003        Aug 14, A massive power blackout hit 8 northeastern US states and southern Canada. It shut down 10 major airports and 9 nuclear power stations. The problem began in the FirstEnergy plant near Cleveland at 2pm. Cleveland lost power at 4:09pm.
    (AP, 8/15/03)(SFC, 8/15/03, p.A1)(SFC, 8/16/03, p.A1)(WSJ, 8/18/03, p.A6)

2003        Aug 19, Royal Bank of Canada said it would get $195 million plus interest from Enron Corp. and others in a settlement agreement related to the sale of 11.5 million common shares of EOG Resources.
    (AP, 8/19/03)
2003        Aug 19, In Baghdad a car bomb exploded in front of the hotel housing the UN headquarters, collapsing the front of the building. UN Special Representative Sergio Vieira de Mello (55) of Brazil and 22 other people were killed. UNICEF said that its program co-coordinator for Iraq, Canadian Christopher Klein-Beekman, was among the dead. In 2008 Samantha Power authored “Chasing the Flame: Sergio Vieira de Mello and the Fight to Save the World."
    (SFC, 8/20/03, p.A12)(AP, 8/21/03)(SSFC, 2/10/08, p.M1)

2003        Aug 22, In Canada a wildfire has forced up to 10,000 people from their homes in Kelowna, British Columbia.
    (Reuters, 8/22/03)

2003        Aug 25, Canada's Premier Chretien signed an agreement in the Northwest Territories bestowing self-government and mineral wealth on the 4,000 Dogrib Indians (Tlicho First Nation).
    (Econ, 8/30/03, p.26)

2003        Sep 3, The Bank of Canada cut interest rates by 25 basis points to 2.75 percent on because of lower-than-expected inflation as well as sagging growth.
    (Reuters, 9/3/03)

2003        Sep 5, Statistics Canada said the nation's unemployment rate rose to 8.0% in August, an 18-month high.
    (AP, 9/5/03)

2003        Sep 7, Goran Markovic's "The Cordon", a film from Serbia and Montenegro about the behavior of policemen during the demonstrations against president Slobodan Milosevic in 1997, won the top prize at the Montreal film festival.
    (Reuters, 9/7/03)

2003        Sep 11, In Canada 10 people were killed in two separate plane crashes in Northern Ontario, police said on Friday.
    (AP, 9/12/03)

2003        Sep 14, Japanese filmmaker Takeshi Kitano's "Zatoichi," the story of a mythical blind swordsman, and Denys Arcand's "The Barbarian Invasions" took top awards at the Toronto International Film Festival.
    (Reuters, 9/14/03)

2003        Sep 29, Irshad Manji (34), Canadian author of the recently published: "The Trouble With Islam: A Muslim's Call for Reform in Her Faith," was reported saying: "I leave my fellow Muslims with a very basic question here: Will we remain spiritually adolescent, caving to cultural pressures to conform or will we finally mature to the full fledged citizens that we are allowed to be in this part of the world?"
    (AP, 9/29/03)(WSJ, 1/27/04, p.D8)

2003        Oct 2, Two Canadian peacekeepers were killed and three were injured in a land-mine blast in the Afghan capital Kabul.
    (Reuters, 10/2/03)

2003        Oct 7, Israel "Izzy" Asper (71), the colorful, controversial, jazz-loving founder of Canada's largest newspaper publisher, died. He created CanWest Capital, Western Canada's 1st merchant bank and founded television station CKND. He bought out Toronto-based Global TV and turned it into a national network, CanWest Global Comm.
    (AP, 10/8/03)(SFC, 10/11/03, p.A19)

2003        Oct 8, Jarome Iginla of the Calgary Flames was tabbed to become the first black captain in NHL history.
    (AP, 10/8/08)

2003        Oct 16, Canada's 2 conservative parties agreed to unite to give the governing Liberal Party a competitive race in 2004 national elections.
    (SFC, 10/17/03, p.A3)

2003        Oct 14, Ben Metcalfe, the 1st chairman of the Greenpeace Foundation (1970), died in BC, Canada.
    (SSFC, 10/19/03, p.A31)

2003        Oct 19, Afghan movie "Osama" by director Siddiq Barmak won the top prize at Montreal's New Movie and New Media Festival, one of the first features produced in Afghanistan and nominated since the fall of the Taliban.
    (Reuters, 10/19/03)

2003        Oct 20, Kirk Jones (40) from Canton, Michigan, survived a 150-foot plunge over the fast-flowing Canadian side Niagara Falls, only to face charges of mischief and unlawfully performing a stunt. Jones said he was driven by depression, not a desire to become a daredevil. A 7-year-old boy who went over in 1960, unlike Jones, was wearing a lifejacket. Since 1901, 15 daredevils have taken the plunge in barrels or other devices, including a kayak and a personal watercraft. Ten survived,
    (AP, 10/21/03)
2003        Oct 20, Flood waters in southwestern British Columbia left at least two people dead.
    (AP, 10/21/03)

2003        Oct 26, Canadian Rob Krueger defeated 320 competitors who played at the World Rock, Paper, Scissors Championships at a downtown Toronto nightclub. He netted $3,825. The World RPS Society sponsored the 2nd int’l. tournament in Toronto, Canada.
    (Reuters, 10/27/03)

2003        Nov 4, Kenyan-born former physicist M.G. Vassanji was awarded this year's Giller Prize, Canada's most glamorous and lucrative literary award. He took home C$25,000 prize for his novel, "The In-Between World of Vikram Lall."
    (AP, 11/5/03)

2003        Nov 11, Toronto's Roy Halladay won the American League Cy Young Award.
    (AP, 11/11/08)

2003        Nov 14, Paul Martin completed his 13-year ascent to the top of Canadian politics, claiming the leadership of the governing Liberal Party to guarantee he will succeed Jean Chretien, who is retiring as prime minister.
    (AP, 11/14/03)

2003        Nov 19, In Canada Justice Minister Martin Cauchon has ordered fugitive banker Rakesh Saxena to surrender to Thailand to face allegations that he looted a Bangkok bank.
    (AP, 11/19/03)
2003        Nov 19, A US-Canadian investigation found that the Aug. 14 blackout should have been contained by operators at Ohio's FirstEnergy Corporation. Investigators also faulted Midwest regional monitors.
    (AP, 11/19/04)

2003        Nov 20, In Canada Conrad Black, newspaper magnate, stepped down as CEO of Hollinger Int'l. following reports that he other top officials received unauthorized payments of some $32.2 million.
    (WSJ, 11/28/03, p.A1)

2003        Dec 1, In Canada a coalition of energy and forest companies and Indian tribes and environmental groups announced a framework for forest and wetland conservation to conserve at least 50% of Canada's sub-Arctic boreal forests.
    (SFC, 12/1/03, p.A7)

2003        Dec 11, In Quebec, Canada, labor protests left hundreds of buses idle at the beginning of a day of province wide protests against Premier Jean Charest's government.
    (AP, 12/11/03)

2003        Dec 12, Paul Martin was sworn in as Canada's 21st prime minister with a vow to make drastic changes in the way the country is run.
    (AP, 12/12/03)

2003        Dec 13, In Canada Paul Martin, in one of his first acts as prime minister, cancelled the scandal-plagued federal advertising sponsorship program. It had begun in 1996 under PM Chretien to promote federalism in Quebec, but turned into a slush fund for the Liberal Party.
    (AP, 12/13/03)(Econ, 11/5/05, p.42)

2003        Dec 16, In Canada Robert Lorne Stanfield (89), former leader of the federal Tories, died. Stanfield led the Progressive Conservatives from 1967 to 1976.
    (AP, 12/17/03)

2003        Dec 19, An Ontario court ruled that the Canadian government discriminated against same-sex couples by denying pension benefits to survivors whose partners died before 1998. Benefits were made retro-active to April 17, 1985.
    (SSFC, 12/21/03, p.A14)

2003        Dec 23, Canada's Supreme Court ruled that marijuana possession would remain a criminal offense even as PM Paul Martin pressed to eliminate jail sentences for people caught with small amounts.
    (SFC, 12/24/03, p.A3)
2003        Dec 23, A cow, slaughtered in Washington state on Dec 9, was reported to have tested positive for mad cow disease. The $2.6 billion beef export industry was hit as 7 nations quickly suspended imports of U.S. beef: Japan, South Korea, Singapore, Thailand, Malaysia, Taiwan and Australia. The Holstein infected with mad cow disease was imported into the United States from Canada about two years ago.
    (AP, 12/24/03)(SFC, 12/24/03, p.A1)(AP, 12/27/03)

2003        Judy Sgro, Canada minister of immigration, issued permits to some 552 Romanian women to fill a shortage of labor in the exotic dancing business.
    (Econ, 1/22/05, p.37)
2003        Oil insiders began to consider that some 180 billion barrels of oil, trapped in the tar sands of Alberta, Canada, were economically viable.
    (Econ, 6/28/03, p.75)
2003        Paul Hebert of the Univ. of Guelph, invented DNA barcoding in Ontario, Canada. His idea was to generate a unique identification tag for each species. He proposed using part of a gene called cytochrome c oxidase as a reliable marker and the idea worked.
    (Econ, 9/22/07, p.98)
2003        Jamie King, a robotics doctoral student at Memorial Univ. in Newfoundland, co-founded Verafin to sift bank data for patterns that could indicate fraud, drug trafficking or terrorist financing. By 2011 over 700 banks used the service.
    (SFC, 6/27/11, p.D2)
2003        The Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) developed a vaccine against Ebola and took out associated patent. The experimental Vesicular Stomatitis Virus-Ebola Virus vaccine — known as VSV-EBOV —was developed by scientists at the National Microbiology Laboratory in Winnipeg, Canada. In 2015 clinical trials for rvsv-ZEBOV looked promising.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/VSV-EBOV)(Econ, 8/8/15, p.66)

2004        Jan 7, Canadian police in Barrie, Ontario, raided a former Molson plant that was producing 4 crops of hydroponically grown marijuana valued at $102 million.
    (Econ, 11/24/07, p.40)

2004        Jan 13, Canada's PM Paul Martin met U.S. President George W. Bush officially for the 1st time. Bush announced that Canada will be allowed into a second round of bidding for contracts to rebuild Iraq.
    (AP, 1/13/04)

2004        Jan 14, In Canada a freight train traveling over a bridge east of Toronto derailed sending massive containers plummeting onto the road, killing two women in a van who were driving by.
    (AP, 1/15/04)

2004        Jan 16, A Canadian regulator ruled that a song lauding the joys of an "enormous penis" is not obscene because the object of the lyric's affection isn't necessarily sexual.
    (AP, 1/16/04)

2004        Jan 17, A Cessna 208 regional plane carrying hunters went down in Lake Erie about one mile west of Pelee Island, Canada. All 9 aboard were killed.
    (AP, 1/18/04)(WSJ, 1/19/04, p.A1)

2004        Jan 18, London billionaire twins Sir David and Sir Frederick Barclay (69) announced their plan to buy a controlling interest in Hollinger Inc., the Toronto-based parent of publisher Hollinger Intl. led by Conrad Black
    (ADN, 1/20/04, p.F2)

2004        Feb 19, In Canada bird flu was detected at a chicken producer in the Fraser Valley near Vancouver. By the end of April some 19 million birds were culled, But the disease continued to spread.
    (ST, 4/30/04, p.A3)

2004        Feb 26, In Canada about 400 police officers cracked down on the Hells Angels and their affiliates in the Montreal area, targeting more than 60 people authorities believe were involved in gangsterism and drug-trafficking.
    (AP, 2/26/04)

2004        Mar 11, Canadian officials said a "very sophisticated criminal scheme" bilked the Defense Department of tens of millions of dollars in computer contracts over 10 years. Public Works Minister Stephen Owen said the government is going after computer giant Hewlett Packard, the prime contractor in $160-million worth of military computer hardware and support services.
    (AP, 3/11/04)

2004        Mar 15, Canadian National Railway reached a tentative agreement with the Canadian Auto Workers union that could end a 3½-week-old strike by 5,000 employees.
    (AP, 3/15/04)

2004        Mar 19, Harrison McCain (76), a New Brunswick farm boy who became a world-scale industrialist and the king of the frozen french fry, died in a Boston hospital after a long period of failing health. McCain Foods (f.1956) is the world's undisputed french fry king. The company, which is still based in Florenceville, NB, produces one-third of the planet's frozen french fries.
    (AP, 3/19/04)

2004        Apr 1, In Canada the largest strike in Newfoundland history began as thousands of upbeat workers took to picket lines while the premier said he has no plans to end the walkout with legislation.
    (AP, 4/1/04)

2004        Apr 5, A US-Canadian task force investigating the massive power blackout of Aug 14, 2003, called for urgent approval of mandatory reliability rules to govern the electric transmission industry.
    (AP, 4/5/05)

2004        May 9, Canada rallied to beat Sweden for the second straight year in the gold-medal game at the world hockey championships, 5-3.
    (AP, 5/9/05)

2004        Jun 7, In Hockey’s Stanley Cup Tampa Bay defeated the Calgary Flames in game 7.
    (WSJ, 6/8/04, p.A1)

2004        Jun 28, In Canada the Liberal Party suffered heavy losses forcing PM Paul Martin to establish the 1st minority government since 1979.
    (WSJ, 6/29/04, p.A1)(SFC, 6/30/04, p.A7)

2004        Jul 1, Statistics Canada counted 31,946,316 Canadians.
    (AP, 9/29/04)

2004        Jul 14, Canada pulled its ambassador from Iran, which refused to admit observers to the trial of a policeman over a Canadian journalist’s fatal beating.
    (WSJ, 7/15/04, p.A1)

2004        Jul 22, Adolph Coors and Molson confirmed that they planned to merge their family-controlled breweries.
    (SFC, 7/23/04, p.C2)

2004        Aug 31, A report was filed with the SEC that said Conrad Black and associates systematically looted Hollinger Int’l. of more than $400 million from 1997-2003. In 2007 Black (62) was convicted in Illinois U.S. District Court. He was sentenced to serve 78 months in federal prison, pay Hollinger $6.1 million and a fine of $125,000. Black was guilty of diverting funds for personal benefit from money due Hollinger International when the company sold certain publishing assets and he obstructed justice by taking possession of documents to which he was not entitled. Black's three co-defendants, former Hollinger International vice presidents John Boultbee (64) of Vancouver and Peter Y. Atkinson (60) of Toronto and attorney Mark Kipnis (59) of Chicago were all found guilty of three counts of mail fraud.
    (SFC, 9/1/04, p.C3)(WSJ, 9/1/04, p.A1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conrad_Black)

2004        Sep 10, Canada said it was donating one million dollars (770,000 US) to United Nations efforts to pacify strife-torn Darfur in western Sudan.
    (AFP, 9/11/04)

2004        Sep 24, Nova Scotia became the sixth Canadian province or territory to allow gay marriages when the provincial Supreme Court ruled that banning such unions was unconstitutional.
    (AP, 9/24/04)

2004        Oct 2, In Ontario, Canada, a record 1,446 pound pumpkin was unveiled.
    (SFC, 10/12/04, p.B1)

2004        Oct 5, The Canadian submarine HMCS Chicoutimi went adrift in the Atlantic off the northwestern coast of Ireland since a blaze onboard caused a loss of power. Lieutenant Chris Saunders, one of nine crew members hurt in the fire, died after a British helicopter flew him to a hospital in Ireland.
    (AP, 10/7/04)

2004        Oct 10, PM Paul Martin of Canada arrived in Russia for two days of talks with Russian leaders.
    (AP, 10/11/04)

2004        Oct 12, In Canada tens of thousands of public servants were on strike across the country as negotiators for the federal government and their union continued marathon talks.
    (AP, 10/12/04)

2004        Oct 13, The Canadian federal government confirmed that its tax intake massively outweighed spending in the past fiscal year - producing a budget surplus of $9.1 billion.
    (AP, 10/13/04)

2004        Oct 14, A Boeing 747-200 cargo jet owned by British-based MK Airlines crashed upon take off at the Halifax International Airport. The Ghanaian-registered Boeing, which was taking off for Spain with a cargo of seafood, crashed and burned killing all seven crew on board.
    (http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20041014-0)

2004        Oct 15, Canada’s Bombardier Transportation and two joint-venture partners won a $424-million order to supply 20 high-speed trains to China's Ministry of Railways.
    (AP, 10/15/04)

2004        Oct 19, Canada raised its interest rates .025% from 2.25 to 2.50%.
    (WSJ, 10/20/04, p.A15)

2004        Oct 25, Alberta’s Premier Ralph Klein called for a provincial election on Nov 22. His Conservative government held 73 of 83 legislature seats. Oil income stood to make it Canada’s 1st debt-free province.
    (Econ, 10/30/04, p.46)

2004        Nov 5, In Canada Saskatchewan became the country’s 7th jurisdiction to allow homosexuals to wed.
    (SFC, 11/5/04, p.A3)

2004        Nov 24, Canada’s PM Paul Martin visited Burkina Faso. Canada is investing about $20 million in a Basic Education Plan to pump $140 million into building schools across the country.
    (AP, 11/24/04)

2004        Nov 30, US Pres. George W. Bush flew to Ottawa, Canada, for a whirlwind visit designed to begin mending international fences in the wake of the Iraq war.
    (AP, 11/30/04)

2004        Dec 1, US President George W. Bush arrived in Halifax to thank Atlantic Canadians for helping thousands of stranded Americans three years ago and to deliver a speech expected to outline his foreign policy goals for the next four years.
    (AP, 12/1/04)
2004        Dec 1, Andrea Labbe (26), a Toronto woman, stabbed her husband and three-year-old daughter to death before fatally cutting her own throat in one of the most terrible tragedies ever encountered by the city's emergency workers.
    (AP, 12/3/04)

2004        Dec 9, Canada's highest court said the government can redefine marriage to include same-sex couples, but it added that religious officials cannot be forced to perform unions against their beliefs.
    (AP, 12/9/04)

2004        Dec 19, Canada’s PM Paul Martin met Moammar Gadhafi, the latest in a string of world leaders to visit Tripoli following the Libyan strongman's renunciation of terrorism. Martin said Canadian construction company SNC-Lavalin has won a $1 billion contract to help build a major water distribution system in Libya.
    (AP, 12/19/04)(Reuters, 12/19/04)

2004        Dec 30, Officials said Canada has found what may be a second case of mad cow disease, just a day after the US said it planned to reopen its border to Canadian beef.
    (AP, 12/30/04)

2004        Dec 30, King Mohammed VI of Morocco met with Canadian PM Paul Martin and ambassador Carmen Sylvain for talks about cooperation between their two countries.
    (AFP, 12/30/04)

2004        Canadian filmmakers Mark Achbar, Joel Bakan, and Jennifer Abbot produced the documentary film “The Corporation," which asked the question: If the corporation is treated as a person under law, what kind of person is it? Conclusions indicated a psychopath.
    (Econ, 5/8/04, p.64)

2004        Canada’s mint produced nearly 30 million poppy quarters commemorating 117,000 war dead. The "poppy coin" was so unfamiliar to suspicious US Army contractors traveling in Canada that they filed confidential espionage accounts about them.
    (AP, 5/7/07)

2004-2005    In Canada Mike Lazaridis, co-founder of Research In Motion (RIM), founded the Institute for Quantum Computing (IQC) at Ontario’s Univ. of Waterloo. He linked the institute to the university’s nanotechnology program and provided donations totaling C$50 million.
    (Econ, 3/19/05, p.68)(Econ, 9/23/06, TQ p.36)

2005        Jan 1, Canada was forecast for 2.9% annual GDP growth with a population at 32.2 million and GDP per head at $31,780.
    (Econ, 1/8/05, p.92)

2005        Jan 2, Canada confirmed that a 2nd case of mad cow disease has been discovered, just days after the United States said it planned to reopen its border to Canadian beef.
    (AP, 1/3/05)

2005        Jan 10, Canada and Nigeria agreed to terms under which the Canadian International Development Agency is to provide 24.9 million Canadian dollars (20.4 million US) for health projects in the west African country.
    (AP, 1/11/05)

2005        Jan 11, Canadian officials found a 3rd case of mad cow disease. They said the 7-year-old beef cow was probably infected from use of banned contaminated feed.
    (SFC, 1/12/05, p.A3)

2005        Jan 14, Judy Sgro, minister of immigration, was fired following damaging allegations.
    (Econ, 1/22/05, p.37)

2005        Jan 19, In Canada 2 houses in Vancouver, BC, were completely destroyed and at least three people were missing after a mudslide caused by heavy rains swept down a hillside.
    (CP, 1/19/05)

2005        Jan 23, Travel was slowed to a crawl at best across wide areas of the Northeast US and Canada as a huge snowstorm whipped up blizzard conditions with wind gusting to 60 mph, making highways treacherous, canceling hundreds of airline flights and slowing trains.
    (AP, 1/23/05)(WSJ, 1/24/05, p.A1)

2005        Jan 31, Canada announced steps to maintain a year-round human presence on Sable Island, Nova Scotia. In 2005 Marq de Villiers and Sheila Hirtle authored “Sable Island: The Strange Origins and Curious History of a Dune Adrift in the Atlantic."
    (www.greenhorsesociety.com/)(NH, 3/05, p.66)

2005        Feb 1, The Canadian government introduced its contentious same-sex marriage bill in Parliament, seeking to legalize gay marriage nationwide over the objections of the Roman Catholic Church and other conservative clergy.
    (AP, 2/2/05)

2005        Feb 9, Wal-Mart said it planned to close its store in Jonquiere, Quebec, where workers were seeking to become the 1st ever to win a union contract with Wal-Mart. Wal-Mart began operations in Canada in 1994 and currently operated 254 stores there. Doors were shut May 6.
    (WSJ, 2/10/05, p.A2)(SFC, 4/15/05, p.A12)

2005        Feb 10, Vancouver, Canada, began a trial program giving addicts free heroin on condition that they accept treatment.
    (Econ, 2/12/05, p.36)
2005        Feb 10, California sued Canadian energy firm Powerex Corp. a 2nd time for overcharges during the electricity crises of 2000-2001.
    (SFC, 2/11/05, p.C1)

2005        Feb 14, Newfoundland Premier Danny Williams and Canada’s PM Paul Martin presided over the signing of a multibillion-dollar deal that sets out new revenue-sharing rules for the province's offshore energy industry.
    (AP, 2/14/05)

2005        Feb 16, The Kyoto global warming pact went into force, 7 years after it was negotiated, imposing limits on emissions of carbon dioxide and other gases scientists blame for increasing world temperatures, melting glaciers and rising oceans. Canada’s pledge to cut emissions 6% below its 1990 level by 2012 faced the problem of an average annual increase of 1.5%.
    (AP, 2/16/05)(WSJ, 2/15/05, p.A16)

2005        Feb 24, PM Paul Martin said that Canada would not join the contentious US ballistic missile defense (BMD) program.
    (AP, 2/24/05)(Econ, 3/5/05, p.38)

2005        Mar 3, In western Canada 4 Mounties were killed while they were investigating an illegal marijuana farm. Suspect James Roszko (46) killed himself after shooting the officers.
    (AP, 3/4/05)

2005        Mar 11, Canada’s Jetsgo announced in the dead of night that it was going out of business and grounding all flights immediately as thousands of passengers prepared to jet away for March break, one of the busiest travel periods of the year.
    (AP, 3/11/05)

2005        Mar 23, Pres. Bush, Pres. Fox, and PM Paul Martin at a one-day summit in Texas signed a deal that provides for sweeping co-operation between Canada, Mexico and the US on security, economic and health issues. There was no sign of progress on touchy trade disputes. They agreed to boost border security and forge common approaches on everything from cargo inspection to maritime and aviation safety.
    (AP, 3/24/05)

2005        Mar 24, Canada denied a US deserter’s bid for asylum.
    (WSJ, 3/25/05, p.A1)

2005        Mar 30, In Toronto, Canada, a massive blaze ravaged a plastics factory in the city's west-end, closing a section of a major highway and keeping firefighters on the scene for hours as they struggled to contain the six-alarm blaze.
    (AP, 3/31/05)

2005        Mar 31, Alberta repaid the last of its debt and became Canada’s only borrowing-free province.
    (www.gov.ab.ca/home/index.cfm?Page=852)(www.td.com/economics/budgets/ab05.jsp)

2005        Apr 4, In Canada Edward Bronfman, Canadian businessman, died. Bronfman and his brother, Peter, built Edper Investments Ltd. into a business with interests ranging from forestry and mining to banking, beer and hockey to form the core of what is today Brascan Corp.
    (SFC, 4/6/05, p.B7)(http://tinyurl.com/6jsag)

2005        Apr 5, Peter Jennings (b.1938), Canada-born ABC News anchorman revealed, he had lung cancer. He died in August 2005.
    (AP, 4/5/06)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Jennings)

2005        Apr 14, Canada cut its economic growth forecast as the Canadian dollar’s strength put a drag on exports. Canadian currency had risen 25% against the US dollar since 2003.
    (WSJ, 4/15/05, p.A8)

2005        Apr 19, Canada released a federal policy statement that said it will use more soldiers, more foreign aid and more diplomats to carve its own niche in a fast-changing world.
    (AP, 4/19/05)
2005        Apr 19, Britain's GW Pharmaceuticals announced its multiple sclerosis (MS) pain relief drug Sativex, the world's first containing cannabis, has been approved for use in Canada.
    (AP, 4/19/05)

2005        Apr 21, Canada’s PM Paul Martin apologized to the nation for a corruption scandal that has shaken his Liberal Party, delivering a rare televised address aimed at rescuing his minority government.
    (AP, 4/21/05)

2005        Apr 29, In Canada oil companies stopped all engineering work on a natural gas pipeline from the Arctic ocean to the oil sands of Alberta, due to high compensation demands by the Deh Cho First Nation native Indian tribe in Fort Simpson, Northwest Territories. The Deh Cho also sought a new autonomous government and complete ownership of subsurface rights within their 81,000 square mile claim, an area about the size of Nebraska.
    (SFC, 5/23/05, p.A1)

2005        Apr, Canada, backed by Minnesota and other states, provinces, environmental groups and Indian leaders, asked for a year-long expedited review by the International Joint Commission on a $25 million plan by North Dakota to take water from land-locked Devils Lake to the nearby Sheyenne River with the goal of stabilizing the lake at current levels. The water would ultimately drain into Manitoba's Lake Winnipeg, the world's 10th largest freshwater lake.
    (AP, 5/30/05)

2005        May 7, Canadian Press reported that Canada will send up to 150 military personnel to Sudan to help the African Union and a UN mission keep the peace.
    (CP, 5/7/05)

2005        May 8, Canada’s new C$136 million War Museum opened at LeBreton Flats, upriver from Ottawa’s Parliament.
    (Econ, 5/14/05, p.42)

2005        May 13, Canada said it would go ahead with plans to send military advisors to Sudan's Darfur region despite Khartoum's insistence that it did not want the troops to enter the country.
    (Reuters, 5/13/05)

2005        May 17, In Canada British Columbians re-elected Premier Gordon Campbell's Liberal government, but voters resoundingly signaled they wanted to end the government's free ride, electing more than 30 New Democrats.
    (AP, 5/18/05)

2005        May 19, The Canada House of Commons split 152-152 on a confidence motion and it took a vote by the parliament speaker to give Martin's minority government its one-vote victory.
    (AP, 5/20/05)

2005        May 20, A bus crash north of Edmonton killed 6 people. RCMP later charged truck driver Inderjit Singh Virk (32), of Brampton, Ontario, with dangerous driving.
    (CP, 11/28/05)

2005        May 30, Miss Canada, Natalie Glebova, was crowned Miss Universe in the 54th annual pageant held in the Thai capital of Bangkok.
    (AP, 5/31/05)

2005        May, In Edmonton, Canada, the body of Ellie May Meyer, a 33-year-old brunette, was found by a farmer plowing his field northeast of the city. Over 16 years, 12 prostitutes have been found dead around Edmonton. No one has been arrested.
    (CP, 5/14/05)

2005        Jun 4, In Canada Bernard Landry resigned as leader of the Parti Quebecois.
    (CP, 6/5/05)

2005        Jun 9, Canada’s high court struck down a Quebec ban on private health insurance that pays for foster care.
    (WSJ, 6/10/05, p.A6)

2005        Jun 15, Canada's minority government survived a series of confidence votes, boosting Prime Minister Paul Martin and greatly reducing the risk his scandal-battered Liberal Party government could fall.
    (AP, 6/15/05)

2005        Jun 18, Calgary, Canada, declared an unprecedented state of emergency as flood fears prompted by heavy rain forced 2,000 residents to be ordered out of their homes.
    (CP, 6/19/05)

2005        Jun 24, Statistics Canada said that if you divided the national net worth by the population each Canadian would have a share equal to $134,400.
    (CP, 6/24/05)

2005        Jun 26, Toronto, Canada, celebrated its 25th annual Pride Parade, one of the world's largest gay and lesbian festivals under a blistering sun. NYC and SF also hosted large parades as did other cities around the world.
    (AP, 6/26/05)

2005        Jun 28, Canada's  House of Commons passed legislation, drafted by PM Paul Martin, to legalize gay marriage in spite of fierce opposition from Conservatives and religious leaders. It would become only the third country in the world to legalize gay marriage.
    (AP, 6/29/05)
2005        Jun 28, Canada’s Supreme Court said there is well-founded evidence that Rwandan exile Leon Mugesera helped to incite the massacre of ethnic rivals in his homeland and should be kicked out of Canada.
    (AP, 6/28/05)

2005        Jul 1, Canadians celebrated Canada Day, the 60th anniversary of V-E Day and Canada's role in liberating the Netherlands, as well as the 100th anniversary of Alberta and Saskatchewan joining Confederation were all marked with music and tributes.
    (AP, 7/2/05)
2005        Jul 1, In North Dakota a 14-mile, $28 million drainage channel, from Devil’s Lake to the Sheyenne River, was scheduled to open, but it was held up by heavy rains. Canada protested that polluted water would end up in Lake Winnipeg.
    (Econ, 7/16/05, p.34)

2005        Jul 6, Canada asked Washington to persuade a US court to dismiss a lawsuit against Talisman Energy Inc. that alleges the Calgary-based oil company aided genocide in southern Sudan. The suit was filed in a New York district court in 2001 by the Presbyterian Church of Sudan. Talisman sold its 25% interest in Sudan's main oil project for $771 million in 2003.
    (AP, 7/7/05)

2005        Jul 10, In Canada 2 small biplanes simulating a World War I dogfight collided at an air show in Saskatchewan, killing both pilots instantly.
    (AP, 7/10/05)

2005        Jul 11, The Deh Cho First Nations of the Northwest Territories agreed to a deal with the Canadian government to get meaningful participation in the environmental assessment and regulatory review of the $5.7 billion Mackenzie Valley Pipeline for gas project.
    (WSJ, 7/12/05, p.A15)

2005        Jul 14, A US appeals court overturned the 2003 “mad cow" ban on beef imports from Canada. The USDA said it would lift restrictions within days.
    (WSJ, 7/15/05, p.A1)

2005        Jul 20, Canada legalized gay marriage, becoming the world's 4th nation to grant full legal rights to same-sex couples.
    (AP, 7/20/05)

2005        Jul 21, US and Canadian authorities reported the shutdown of a newly completed 100-yard border crossing tunnel outside Lynden, Wa., intended for smuggling marijuana.
    (SFC, 7/22/05, p.A3)

2005        Jul 28, The main body of Canadian soldiers being deployed to Afghanistan has begun arriving in the treacherous Kandahar region. They're part of what will be a 250-strong provincial reconstruction team, the first such team Canada has sent to Afghanistan.
    (CP, 7/28/05)

2005        Aug 2, An Air France jet skidded off a Toronto runway and burst into flames, prompting 309 passengers and crew to slide down escape chutes. In Dec, 2009, a Canadian judge approved a C$12 million ($11.4 million) class-action settlement with 184 passengers of the Air France jet.
    (AP, 8/3/05)(Reuters, 12/31/09)

2005        Aug 3, In Canada 43 of 140 train cars left the tracks at Wabamun, Alberta. Some of the cars contained bunker fuel oil, used in liquid asphalt and to power barges and ships. 15 of those cars, as well as a car full of lubricating oil, began to leak into Wabamun lake.
    (CP, 8/5/05)

2005        Aug 5, A CN Rail freight trail derailed about 30 kilometers north of Squamish, BC, sending 9 cars plunging into the Cheakamus River canyon and causing a toxic spill. One of the derailed cars was loaded with about 51,000 liters of sodium hydroxide, a highly corrosive liquid.
    (AP, 8/6/05)

2005        Aug 7, Peter Jennings (67), Canadian-born ABC broadcaster, died of cancer. He had delivered the news to Americans each night in five separate decades.
    (AP, 8/8/05)

2005        Aug 10, Canada won a ruling against the US under NAFTA ordering the US to drop  punitive duties on Canadian softwood and refund $4 billion already collected. The US refused to comply and won support from the WTO.
    (www.ens-newswire.com/ens/aug2005/2005-08-12-04.asp)(Econ, 9/10/05, p.38)

2005        Aug 13, A chunk of ice bigger than the area of Manhattan broke from the Ayles Ice Shelf at Ellesmere Island in Canada's far north. Scientists later said that it could wreak havoc if it starts to float westward toward oil-drilling regions and shipping lanes in 2007.
    (AP, 12/29/06)

2005        Aug 15, Canada’s CBC locked out 5,300 of its 9,000 employees following 15 months of unsuccessful talks with the Canadian Media Guild, a merger of 3 unions.
    (Econ, 10/1/05, p.37)
2005        Aug 15, In Egypt’s the Sinai Peninsula a crude roadside bomb blasted a vehicle belonging to international peacekeepers, lightly wounding two Canadians.
    (AP, 8/15/05)

2005        Aug 29, Ontario became the 1st province in Canada to ban the pit bull dog. The pit bull was already banned in several cities across Canada. In the US it was already banned in Denver, Miami and Cincinnati.
    (SFC, 8/30/05, p.A2)

2005        Sep 8, Chinese President Hu Jintao arrived in Canada for his first state visit, celebrating 35 years of diplomatic ties and rapidly expanding trade and energy agreements with Canada.
    (AP, 9/8/05)

2005        Sep 10, Chinese President Hu Jintao urged Canada to expand its investment in the Asian giant and pledged to improve living standards in the world's most populous country.
    (AP, 9/11/05)

2005        Sep 19, The World Wildlife Federation said severely depleted cod stocks in the Grand Banks off Canada's east coast face being totally wiped out by illegal fishing.
    (Reuters, 9/19/05)

2005        Sep 20, Canada’s Federal Fisheries Minister Geoff Regan said Canada is trying to build international momentum to combat overfishing.
    (CP, 9/20/05)

2005        Sep 21, A court convicted Rev. Denis Vadeboncoeur (65), a Canadian priest, of raping a teenage member of his Normandy parish and sentenced him to 12 years in prison, the second conviction for the clergyman who went to jail for similar crimes in Quebec.
    (AP, 9/21/05)

2005        Sep 29, Canada’s Supreme Court cleared the way for the government of British Columbia to sue cigarette companies for the cost of treating smoking-related illnesses and to seek damages dating back 50 years as well as costs for future smoking-related maladies.
    (SFC, 9/30/05, p.A3)

2005        Sep, In Canada Dalton McGuinty, premier of Ontario, decided to prohibit all settlement of family matters based on religious principles under the 1991 Arbitration Act.
    (Econ, 2/16/08, p.66)

2005        Oct 1, It was reported that Louis Michaud, a Canadian engineer, had developed an “atmospheric vortex engine" to harness energy from an artificial tornado.
    (Econ, 10/1/05, p.76)

2005        Oct 4-2005 Oct 5, In Canada Toronto's chief medical officer said 4 more residents of a nursing home for the elderly have died of an unknown respiratory illness, bringing the number fatally infected by the disease to 10. Officials said Legionnaires’ disease was the likely cause as the deaths rose to 16.
    (AP, 10/5/05)(SFC, 10/7/05, p.A3)

2005        Oct 5, Daniel Alfredsson scored twice in the final six minutes of regulation and once during the first shootout in NHL history, leading Ottawa to a 3-2 win over Toronto.
    (AP, 10/5/06)

2005        Oct 19, Canadian police arrested a Rwandan man who is living in Toronto, charging him with crimes against humanity during the 1994 genocide in Rwanda.
    (Reuters, 10/19/05)

2005        Oct 25, A Canadian court approved a $4.2 billion takeover of PetroKazakhstan by China's largest oil company, China National Petroleum Corp., clearing the final potential obstacle to China's biggest foreign acquisition yet.
    (AP, 10/26/05)

2005        Nov 9, In Canada Vancouver Mayor Philip Owen added his name to the list of those who believe that marijuana should be decriminalized.
    (Econ, 11/12/05, p.39)(www.cannabisnews.com/news/thread11310.shtml)

2005        Nov 15, Andre Boisclair (39) defeated Pauline Marois, the former Quebec deputy premier, to lead Parti Quebecois 54% to 31%.
    (Econ, 11/19/05, p.42)

2005        Nov 18, US officials said that US and Canadian police have arrested 291 people in a major drug bust that was given unprecedented cooperation by Vietnamese agents. The 2-year operation covered ecstasy, which was shipped into Canada in powder form, turned into pills and then smuggled across the border along with massive amounts of marijuana.
    (AFP, 11/18/05)

2005        Nov 18, In Canada officials said a strain of H5 bird flu was found in a duck on a commercial farm in British Columbia's Fraser Valley. Tests soon confirmed that the strain was nonlethal.
    (AP, 11/19/05)(WSJ, 11/21/05, p.A1)

2005        Nov 22, The US Commerce Dept. said it will comply with a Nafta panel’s order to drastically cut US duties on imports of Canadian softwood lumber. In December the Commerce Dept. Said it will cut import duties in half to 10.81%. Canada continued to press for duties to be dropped entirely.
    (WSJ, 11/23/05, p.A14)(WSJ, 12/7/05, p.A16)

2005        Nov 24, In Canada opposition parties introduced a no-confidence motion that is expected to topple PM Paul Martin's government and force a parliamentary election campaign during the Christmas holidays.
    (AP, 11/24/05)

2005        Nov 25, Canada pledged $4.3 billion in a landmark deal with Indian and northern Inuit communities to help lift them from the poverty and disease that has plagued their neglected reserves for more than a century.
    (AP, 11/26/05)

2005        Nov 28, In Canada opposition parties seized upon a corruption scandal to bring down the minority government of PM Paul Martin in a vote of no confidence. The Conservative Party teamed up with the New Democratic and Bloc Quebecois parties to bring down the government, claiming the ruling Liberal Party had lost its moral authority.
    (AP, 11/29/05)
2005        Nov 28, Thousands of environmentalists and government officials from around the world gathered in Montreal for a UN conference to brainstorm on how to slow the effects of greenhouses gases and global warming. The US defended its decision not to sign the Kyoto Protocol, saying during the opening of a global summit on climate change that it is doing more than most countries to protect the earth's atmosphere.
    (AP, 11/28/05)

2005        Dec 3, In Canada tens of thousands of people demonstrated in Montreal, host of the UN Climate Change Conference, to demand that governments worldwide take concrete measures against global warming.
    (AP, 12/04/05)

2005        Dec 6, Canada’s central bank raised interest rates for the 3rd time in a row by a quarter point to 3.25%, its highest point in nearly 2½ years.
    (WSJ, 12/7/05, p.A16)

2005        Dec 7, The EU and host Canada piled pressure on the US to join an international pact to curb greenhouse gas emissions and limit the predicted chaos from global warming.
    (Reuters, 12/08/05)

2005        Dec 8, Scientists said as wetlands disappear and shorelines are degraded, the Great Lakes are losing their ability to cope with environmental stress and ward off a catastrophic breakdown.
    (CP, 12/08/05)

2005        Dec 9, Former US Pres. Clinton called Bush’s global warming stance “flat wrong" while speaking at the climate conference in Montreal.
    (WSJ, 12/10/05, p.A1)

2005        Dec 10, In Canada more than 150 nations agreed to launch formal talks on mandatory post-2012 reductions in greenhouse gases, talks that will exclude an unwilling US. The agenda item on “Reducing emissions from deforestation in developing countries and approaches to stimulate action"  was first introduced into the Conference of the Parties  (COP) agenda at its eleventh session in Montreal. The Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation plan became known as REDD.
    (AP, 12/10/05)(Econ, 12/17/05, p.77)(http://unfccc.int/meetings/cop_15/items/5257.php)(Econ, 9/25/10, SR p.6)

2005        Dec 14, In Canada at least one shot fired through a door at police responding to a routine call in Laval, Quebec, left Valerie Gignac, a 25-year-old woman officer, dead and led to an eight-hour armed standoff that ended with the arrest of a paroled convict.
    (CP, 12/14/05)

2005        Dec 20, A Canadian police officer serving as a UN peacekeeper in Haiti was shot to death near a volatile slum on the outskirts of the capital.
    (AP, 12/21/05)

2005        Dec 21, The Supreme Court of Canada lifted a ban on swingers' clubs, ruling that group sex among consenting adults is neither prostitution nor a threat to society.
    (Reuters, 12/26/05)

2005        Dec 26, In Canada gunfire erupted on a busy Toronto street filled with holiday shoppers, killing a young woman (15) and wounding six other people. There have been 78 murders in Toronto this year, including a record 52 by gunfire, twice as many as last year. On June 13, 2006, 8 people were arrested in connection with the shootings.
    (AP, 12/27/05)(Reuters, 6/13/06)

2005        Dec 28, Australian investment bank Macquarie Bank Ltd. said it had bought an 81 percent interest in two Canadian healthcare projects, nine months after acquiring a Canadian aged care housing provider.
    (Reuters, 12/28/05)

2006        Jan 1, Toronto wrapped up 2005 with 78 homicides, 52 of them gun-related.
    (CP, 1/2/06)

2006        Jan 11, Samir Ait Mohamed, an Algerian-born man accused of helping in the plot to bomb the Los Angeles airport on the millennium, was quietly deported from Canada to an unknown destination after years fighting for refugee status there.
    (AP, 1/13/06)(WSJ, 1/14/06, p.A1)

2006        Jan 15, In southern Afghanistan a suicide car bomb hit a Canadian military convoy, killing three civilians, including a Canadian diplomat.
    (AP, 1/15/06)

2006        Jan 23, Canadians began voting on whether to send their Liberal Party packing after 13 years. Conservatives won and Stephen Harper pledged to quickly carry out his campaign promises to cut taxes, get tough on crime and repair strained ties with Washington.
    (AP, 1/24/06)
2006        Jan 23, Canadian officials said a cow from Alberta had tested positive for mad cow disease.
    (SFC, 1/24/06, p.A5)

2006        Jan 30, Fairmont Hotels & Resorts announced that a group of investors including Saudi Prince Alwaleed bin Talal has agreed to buy the luxury hotel chain for about $3.3 billion in cash and some $600 million in assumed debt. A new Canadian company will take over outstanding shares from the Toronto-based sellers.
    (SFC, 1/31/06, p.E3)

2006        Jan, In Alberta, Canada, Premier Ralph Klein disbursed prosperity checks of C$400 to every adult in his province.
    (Econ, 4/8/06, p.39)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prosperity_Bonus)

2006        Feb 6, In Canada Stephen Harper, dismissed less than two years ago as unelectable, was sworn in as the country's 22nd PM.
    (CP, 2/6/06)

2006        Feb 7, Officials in Canada announced an agreement to close 5 million acres in British Columbia’s Great Bear Rain Forest to logging. Loggers will be guaranteed a right to selectively cut in 10 million acres of the forest.
    (SFC, 2/7/06, p.A6)

2006        Feb 11, Nova Scotia's Conservative party chose Cape Bretoner Rodney MacDonald, a professional fiddler and former gym teacher, as their leader and the province's new premier following a dramatic convention in Halifax.
    (CP, 2/11/06)

2006        Feb 17, William Cowsill (58), lead singer of the family band The Cowsills, died in Calgary, Alberta. The pop family band was the inspiration for “The Partridge Family" TV series (1970-1974).
    (SFC, 2/21/06, p.B4)(AP, 2/17/07)

2006        Feb 21, In Cancun, Mexico, Domenico Ianiero, 59, and his wife, Annunziata, 55, of Woodbridge, Ont., were found in their hotel rooms at the all-inclusive five-star resort on the Mayan Riviera in the early morning. Their throats had been slashed. The crime apparently took place after a rehearsal dinner ahead of a wedding in which the Lily, one of the Ianieros' twin girls, was to be married at the resort. Prosecutors in Cancun said two Canadian women were suspected in the killing and had fled to Canada.
    (CP, 2/22/06)

2006        Feb 24, Rodney MacDonald (34), Canada's youngest premier, was sworn into office in Nova Scotia.
    (AP, 2/25/06)
2006        Feb 24, In Afghanistan Canadian troops officially took over the fight on the front lines of Kandahar province from their American allies.
    (CP, 2/24/06)

2006        Feb 25, Canada's Clara Hughes celebrated her Olympic Games 5000m speedskating gold medal by revealing that she was going to donate every penny she has in her bank account to charity. Hughes will donate 10,000 dollars to the Right to Play organization which aims to encourage disadvantaged youngsters to improve themselves through sport.
    (AFP, 2/25/06)

2006        Feb 26, In Canada, 19 Catholic priests singed an open letter in Montreal’s La Presse newspaper denouncing Vatican opposition to gay marriage and having homosexuals into the priesthood.
    (AP, 3/1/06)

2006        Mar 17, Statistics Canada reported that the nation's net worth hit $4.5 trillion, or $137,000 a head, at the end of 2005.
    (AP, 3/17/06)

2006        Mar 21, Royal Dutch Shell said it paid $465 million Canadian dollars for the rights to explore 219,000 acres in Alberta’s oil sands.
    (WSJ, 3/22/06, p.A14)

2006        Mar 22, In Canada a BC Ferries sank in the middle of the night after hitting Gil Island near the village of Hartley Bay, on its scheduled route down the rugged British Columbia coast. 99 passengers and crew made it to lifeboats, but 2 passengers failed to escape.
    (Reuters, 3/12/08)

2006        Mar 23, Stephane Lambiel of Switzerland won his second straight World Figure Skating Championships title, in Calgary, Alberta.
    (AP, 3/23/07)

2006        Mar 24, The $24 million musical production of "Lord of the Rings" at Toronto's Princess of Wales Theatre met mixed reviews as critics applauded its leaping orcs and menacing dark riders, but got lost in the tangled plots of Middle Earth.
    (Reuters, 3/27/06)
2006        Mar 24, Wendy’s Int’l. spun off Tim Hortons, a coffee-and-doughnut chain dominant in Canada. It was co-founded in 1964 by hockey player Tim Horton. Wendy’s, which acquired it in 1995, retained an 82.7% stake.
    (Econ, 4/1/06, p.56)

2006        Mar 25, Canadian hunters started shooting and clubbing harp seal pups at the start of an annual hunt that is the focus of a tech-savvy protest by animal rights groups.
    (Reuters, 3/25/06)

2006        Mar 30, Pres. Bush arrived in Cancun, Mexico, for 2 days of North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) talks with Canadian PM Stephen Harper and Mexico’s Pres. Fox.
    (Reuters, 3/30/06)(WSJ, 3/30/06, p.A1)

2006        Mar 31, President Bush, closing a three-nation NAFTA summit, defended requiring secure documents from border-crossing Canadians and pushed Mexico to prevent more of its people from illegally entering America.
    (AP, 3/31/06)

2006        Apr 3, Constellation Brands and Vincor Int’l., Canada’s largest wine company announced plans for a $1.3 billion merger.
    (SFC, 4/6/06, p.F2)

2006        Apr 4, Canada’s PM Stephen Harper delivered his “throne speech" to the new session of parliament and concentrated on the same 5 promises upon which he had campaigned. These included an anti-sleaze law, a cut in sales tax, a reduction in waiting times for health care, cash for child care and tougher sentences for gun crime.
    (Econ, 4/8/06, p.38)
2006        Apr 4, Venezuelan authorities found the bullet-ridden bodies of three Canadian boys who had been kidnapped more than a month ago. John Faddoul (17), along with his brothers Kevin (13) and Jason (12) were abducted Feb. 23 when unidentified men dressed as police stopped their car at a checkpoint in Caracas as the boys were on their way to school.
    (AP, 4/5/06)

2006        Apr 7, The US Court of International Law ruled that US Customs violated a provision of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) in applying a law known as the Byrd amendment to antidumping and countervailing duties on goods from Canada and Mexico.
    (Reuters, 4/7/06)

2006        Apr 8, In Canada 8 men were found dead inside abandoned vehicles in a remote wooded area of a farmer's property. All were all from greater Toronto and all knew each other.
    (AP, 4/9/06)

2006        Apr 10, In Canada 5 men were charged in the slayings of 8 people who were found on an isolated farm in Ontario in what police called an "internal cleansing" of a motorcycle gang. Most of the victims were either full or associate members of the Bandidos motorcycle gang.
    (AP, 4/11/06)

2006        Apr 12, Officials said Canadian and US police have broken up a criminal ring that smuggled dozens of Indian and Pakistani nationals into the US at a cost of up to $35,000 each.
    (Reuters, 4/12/06)
2006        Apr 12, The final leg of Canada's contentious seal hunt moved to the ice floes off northeastern Newfoundland and Labrador, with sealers expected to harvest another 234,000 harp seal pups.
    (AP, 4/13/06)

2006        Apr 16, Stephen Marshall, a Canadian man suspected of murdering two registered sex offenders in their Maine homes, took his own life with a gun on a crowded bus in Boston.
    (Reuters, 4/17/06)
2006        Apr 16, Canada confirmed a new case of mad cow disease. Canadian cattle ranchers were still recovering from a two-year ban on their beef in the US.
    (AP, 4/17/06)

2006        Apr 20, China denied it is engaged in industrial espionage in Canada, calling accusations by Ottawa's foreign minister baseless and irresponsible.
    (AP, 4/20/06)

2006        Apr 21, Canada said 2 RCMP members are heading to Sudan to assist the UN mission there in training and supporting Sudanese police and, where possible, advising them on policing methods.
    (CP, 4/21/06)

2006        Apr 22, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb exploded as a Canadian armored vehicle drove by, killing four soldiers.
    (AP, 4/22/06)

2006        Apr 23, In Canada the bodies of Marc Richardson (42), his wife Debra (48), and son Jacob (8) were discovered stabbed to death in their family home in Medicine Hat, Alberta. Their daughter Jasmine (12) and her boyfriend Jeremy Steinke (23) were arrested the next day in Saskatchewan. With them were a bag of bloodstained clothing, knives and a purse belonging to the preteen's mother. In 2007 a jury found Jasmine guilty of first-degree murder for helping her adult boyfriend stab her parents and little brother to death. Jasmine was sentenced to serve four years in custody and another 4-1/2 years under community supervision.
    (Reuters, 7/6/07)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richardson_family_murders)(AP, 11/9/07)

2006        Apr 25, Canada’s central bank raised its overnight interest rate a 6th straight time, a quarter point to 4%.
    (WSJ, 4/26/06, p.A8)
2006        Apr 25, Jane Jacobs (89), American-born Canadian writer and activist, died. Her books included “The Death and Life of Great American Cities" (1961).
    (WSJ, 4/26/06, p.A1)

2006        Apr 26, Negotiators in Canada reached an agreement to compensate some 80,000 Canadian Indians who attended government-financed schools where many suffered physical and sexual abuse. Nearly $2 billion would be paid out as damages to survivors of the schools.
    (SFC, 4/27/06, p.A12)

2006        Apr 27, The Bush administration announced that it had reached a tentative agreement with Canada to settle the long-running trade battle over softwood lumber.
    (AP, 4/27/06)
2006        Apr 27, Canadian and US scientists reported success with an experimental vaccine against the Marburg virus in monkeys, even if the shot is given after infection.
    (SFC, 4/27/06, p.A7)

2006        Apr 28, Canadian currency topped out at C$1.1162 to the US dollar, or 89.59 US cents, its highest level since June 1978, rising for the sixth straight session.
    (Reuters, 4/28/06)

2006        Apr 29, John Kenneth Galbraith (97), an influential liberal Canadian-born economist and author, died in Massachusetts. His more than 40 works included “American Capitalism" (1952), "The Affluent Society" (1958), in which he argued that the US had become rich in consumer goods but poor in social services and “The New Industrial State" (1967).
    (Reuters, 4/30/06)(Econ, 5/6/06, p.86)

2006        May 2, Canada's new government released its first federal budget, offering broad tax cuts and pledging to shore up the country's security with spending increases for the military, border security and policing.
    (AP, 5/2/06)
2006        May 2, The Canadian dollar cracked 90 US cents, setting a new 28-year high and helping Canadians to realize cheaper US imports of everything from vegetables and clothing to computers.
    (AP, 5/2/06)

2006        May 5, In Windsor, Canada, Const. John Atkinson (37) was shot to death as he approached two men involved in a drug transaction in a parking lot outside a convenience store. Nikkolas Brennan and Cody Defausses, both 18, were charged with first-degree murder. Atkinson, a father of two, was the first officer slain in the force's history of more than 120 years.
    (AP, 5/7/06)

2006        May 9, The Canadian dollar hit a 28-year high against the US dollar, as the greenback came under broad selling pressure.
    (AP, 5/9/06)

2006        May 17, In Canada 4 people were reported killed at a mine being decommissioned in the British Columbia. One of the victims may have gone undiscovered for two days. Kimberley area media said the victims may have been overcome by hydrogen sulfide gas, a highly toxic and explosive gas that is slightly heavier than air and tends to concentrate at the bottom of poorly ventilated areas.
    (Reuters, 5/17/06)

2006        May 18, More than 600 Toronto police officers swooped down in coordinated pre-dawn raids across the city, arresting more than 78 people and seizing guns, drugs and large amounts of cash.
    (Reuters, 5/18/06)
2006        May 18, A Canadian citizen and two US navy sailors were handed lengthy prison sentences for attempting to smuggle methamphetamine into Australia stashed in the radar dome of a visiting warship.
    (AP, 5/18/06)
2006        May 18, Australian PM John Howard, during his first official visit to Ottawa, urged Canada to work with his country on climate change, much to the horror of environmentalists. Australia did not ratify the Kyoto Protocol.
    (AFP, 5/18/06)
2006        May 18, In western Afghanistan a suicide car bomber rammed into two vehicles carrying foreigners, killing an American working on a counter-narcotics project and wounding two other people. More than 100 people, most of them Taliban, were killed in one of the bloodiest days since the fall of the Taliban. A female Canadian soldier, army Captain Nichola Goddard, was killed in Kandahar.
    (AP, 5/18/06)(AFP, 5/19/06)(WSJ, 5/19/06, p.A1)

2006        May 24, The Bank of Canada raised its key overnight interest rate by a quarter percentage point to 4.25 percent, as expected, and signaled that it would not hike rates further at least for now.
    (AP, 5/24/06)

2006        May 26, In Naples, Italy, the body of a man was found in a manhole with a knife in his abdomen. He was soon identified as Lewis Brooks Miskell (49), a Canadian diplomat missing since March.
    (AP, 5/29/06)

2006        May 29, In Canada hundreds of thousands of frustrated commuters were forced to find alternate ways to work as subway stations across Toronto were shut down and buses and streetcars halted due to a labor dispute. Toronto transit workers were ordered back to work, ending a wildcat strike that stranded some 700,000 commuters and filled the streets of Canada's biggest city with extra cars, bicycles and pedestrians as commuters scrambled to get to work.
    (AP, 5/29/06)(Reuters, 5/29/06)
2006        May 29, In Afghanistan 5 Canadian soldiers were hurt and up to six militants killed in a gunbattle west of Kandahar, while US-led coalition aircraft bombed Taliban militants meeting in remote Helmand province, reportedly killing dozens.
    (AP, 5/29/06)

2006        May 31, Smokers were required to light up outside across much of eastern Canada, as one of North America's most restrictive bans went into effect.
    (AP, 6/1/06)
2006        May 31, The Canadian dollar hit its strongest level in 28 years against the dollar, piercing through a key chart level.
    (Reuters, 5/31/06)

2006        Jun 2, In Toronto, Canada, 17 people were arrested on "terrorism-related" charges including plotting attacks with fertilizer bombs on Canadian targets. The adult suspects from Toronto were Chand, alias Abdul Shakur, 25; Fahim Ahmad, 21; Jahmaal James, 23; and Asin Mohamed Durrani, 19. Those from Mississauga are Ghany; Shareef Abdelhaleen; Zakaria Amara, 20; Asad Ansari, 21; Saad Khalid, 19; and Qayyum Abdul Jamal, 43. Mohammed Dirie, 22, and Yasim Abdi Mohamed, 24, were from Kingston. 14 men and 4 youths, dubbed the “Toronto 18," were originally charged. In 2009 Saad Khalid pleaded guilty and was sentenced to 14 years in prison. On Jan 18, 2010, Saad Gaya (22), one of the "Toronto 18" group, was sentenced to 12 years in prison. Zakaria Amara, the acknowledged ringleader, was sentenced to life in prison. In 2010 a Canadian jury convicted Asad Ansari and Steven Chand, the final two members of the "Toronto 18" extremist group, for their role in the bomb plot to blow up Toronto landmarks. On March 4, 2011, Abdelhaleen was sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 6/4/06)(SSFC, 6/4/06, p.A1)(Reuters, 5/7/09)(Reuters, 9/3/09)(Reuters, 1/18/10)(SFC, 1/19/10, p.A2)(Reuters, 6/23/10)(SFC, 3/5/11, p.A2)
2006        Jun 2, Teck Cominco Ltd., a Canadian mining company, agreed to pay millions to assess whether pollution it dumped into the Columbia River damaged wildlife and public health in Washington state.
    (SFC, 6/3/06, p.A3)

2006        Jun 5, Brookfield Properties Corp. said it will acquire Trizec Properties and its Canadian arm for $4.8 billion. The deal would create one of North America’s largest landlords.
    (SFC, 6/6/06, p.C3)

2006        Jun 12, Ken Thomson (82), Canadian newspaper tycoon, died. He helped transform his father's print empire into one of the world's biggest electronic publishers.
    (Reuters, 6/12/06)

2006        Jun 14, Husky Energy, Cnooc’s Canadian partner, announced a large gas discovery under the South China Sea. In 2009 Husky confirmed the discovery saying the Liwan field could ultimately produce over 150 million cubic feet per day.
    (WSJ, 7/19/06, p.A8)(http://biz.yahoo.com/prnews/060614/to279.html?.v=30)(WSJ, 2/25/09, p.B3)

2006        Jun 16, Canada said it has detected a case of H5 avian flu in the eastern province of Prince Edward Island and plans further testing over the weekend to determine whether it is the highly pathogenic H5N1 strain. On June 21 officials said it was not the pathogenic H5N1.
    (Reuters, 6/17/06)(Reuters, 6/21/06)

2006        Jun 17, The Edmonton Oilers shut out the Carolina Hurricanes 4-0 to take the Stanley Cup finals to a seventh and deciding game.
    (Reuters, 6/18/06)
2006        Jun 17, In Haiti kidnappers seized Ed Hughes, a Canadian missionary, from his residence and demanded $45,000 in ransom. After 5 days the ransom was lowered to $10,000. Hughes lost an arm in December 2005 trying to stop the abduction of Haitian-American missionary Daniel Phelusmar. Hughes was shot and badly wounded in the arm. Phelusmar was held hostage for four days.
    (AP, 6/22/06)

2006        Jun 19, In Raleigh, NC, the Carolina Hurricanes blunted an historic comeback bid by the Edmonton Oilers with a 3-1 Game Seven win to lift their first Stanley Cup.
    (Reuters, 6/20/06)

2006        Jun 26, Phelps Dodge Corp. said it would acquire Canada's Inco Ltd. and Falconbridge Ltd. for about $40 billion in a blockbuster deal to create the world's largest nickel miner and second-largest copper producer.
    (AP, 6/26/06)

2006        Jun 28, Canadian scientists said they have created the first device able to re-grow teeth and bones. Researchers at the University of Alberta in Edmonton filed patents earlier this month in the US for the tool based on low-intensity pulsed ultrasound technology after testing it on a dozen dental patients in Canada.
    (AFP, 6/28/06)

2006        Jun 29, Canadian and US authorities said they have cracked a smuggling network that used aircraft and delivery spots in remote western parks to ship tons of drugs over the border.
    (Reuters, 6/29/06)
2006        Jun 29, The new UN Human Rights Council overrode Canadian and Russian objections and passed a declaration to protect the rights of indigenous peoples around the world. The declaration asserted that indigenous peoples may have a right to restitution of land and resources taken from them. The Council also unanimously approved an international treaty that would ban states from abducting perceived enemies and hiding them in secret prisons or killing them.
    (AP, 6/29/06)(Reuters, 6/30/06)

2006        Jul 7, In Canada 2 Mounties were wounded near the Saskatchewan community of Spiritwood as they investigated what appeared to be a family dispute. Constables Robin Cameron (29) and Marc Bourdages (26) died from their wounds on July 15 and 16.
    (AP, 7/17/06)

2006        Jul 11, The Bank of Canada held its key overnight interest rate steady, as expected, and gave no sign it was considering further hikes.
    (Reuters, 7/11/06)

2006        Jul 13, Three Canadian military personnel were killed and four others injured on after their helicopter crashed into the Atlantic Ocean during a search and rescue training exercise off Canada's east coast.
    (Reuters, 7/13/06)
2006        Jul 13, Canada confirmed its second case of mad cow disease in as many weeks, and the 7th since 2003.
    (AP, 7/13/06)

2006        Jul 16, Seven Canadians from the same Montreal family, including four young children, were killed in Lebanon when Israeli aircraft bombed a house in the southern village of Aitaroun. 4 other relatives died soon thereafter from wounds in the same attack.
    (AP, 7/17/06)(Reuters, 7/18/06)

2006        Jul 19, In Canada teamsters railway workers said they initiated a strike against Canadian National Railway in an effort to resolve a long-standing contract dispute.
    (AP, 7/19/06)

2006        Jul 25, Canada said it planned to pay a total of C$1.1 billion ($965 million) to around 5,500 people who had contracted hepatitis C from transfusions.
    (Reuters, 7/25/06)

2006        Jul 26, An unhappy China said that Canada's decision to bestow honorary citizenship on the Dalai Lama could hurt commercial relations between the two countries.
    (Reuters, 7/26/06)

2006        Jul 27, Canadian police said they had busted two cross-country drug smuggling schemes, seizing 110 kilograms (243 pounds) of cocaine worth C$8.8 million ($7.8 million) and charging six people.
    (Reuters, 7/27/06)

2006        Jul 31, The Canadian Food Inspection Agency said two separate anthrax outbreaks in the Canadian Prairies have killed about 500 animals on an estimated 100 farms.
    (Reuters, 7/31/06)
2006        Jul 31, A lesbian couple lost a legal battle to have their Canadian marriage legally recognized in Britain.
    (Reuters, 7/31/06)

2006        Jul, Canada’s Montreal Exchange announced plans to start trading credits for carbon-dioxide emissions, a scheme modeled on the Amsterdam-based European Climate Exchange set up in 2005.
    (Econ, 7/22/06, p.39)

2006        Aug 3, More than 230,000 customers in Ontario and Quebec were without power following a series of violent thunderstorms over the past couple of days.
    (AP, 8/3/06)
2006        Aug 3, Afghanistan's government ordered around 1,500 South Korean Christians who came to the Islamic republic for a "peace festival" to leave the country. In southern Afghanistan a suicide car bomb in a crowded market killed 21 civilians and two roadside bombs in the same province killed a Canadian soldier and wounded four others.
    (AP, 8/3/06)(AFP, 8/3/06)

2006        Aug 6, Cambodian customs over the weekend seized 12 luxury vehicles stolen in Canada, including a Hummer and a Cadillac popular with hip-hop music stars, giving an intriguing insight into the world of international car smuggling.
    (Reuters, 8/7/06)

2006        Aug 13, The 16th International AIDS conference opened in Toronto with some 24,000 people in attendance.
    (SSFC, 8/13/06, p.A15)(Econ, 8/19/06, p.65)

2006        Aug 18, Raymond Payne, a former HSBC Bank USA vice president, pleaded guilty in Manhattan federal court to a conspiracy charge over his role in a $30 million telemarketing fraud targeting low-income people with poor credit histories. Prosecutors said First Choice, run by Canadian co-defendants Stephen Clark and Leslie Pinsky, extracted $30 million from people, and transferred the money to the HSBC account. In 2007 Clark was sentenced just over 11 years in prison.
    (Reuters, 8/18/06)(Reuters, 6/15/07)
2006        Aug 18, In Canada the 16th International AIDS Conference ended in a firestorm with vitriol hurled at G8 countries and South Africa over lapses in the battle against the disease that has claimed 25 million lives.
    (Reuters, 8/18/06)

2006        Aug 20, In India a Canadian was arrested with illegal drugs worth five million dollars in New Delhi in what was billed as a major effort to stop narcotics being shipped to the West. About 100 kilograms (220 pounds) of ephedrine, hashish and other illegal drugs were seized overnight from Girdish Singh Toor while he was leading a convoy of vehicles.
    (AFP, 8/20/06)

2006        Aug 23, The Canadian Food Inspection Agency confirmed that a mature beef cow in the Prairie province Alberta tested positive for mad cow case. It was the 8th case since 2003.
    (Reuters, 8/23/06)

2006        Aug 30, Canadian miner Uranium One said it had approved Australia's fourth uranium mine, the Honeymoon project in the South Australian outback.
    (AP, 8/30/06)
2006        Aug 30, Iran released Ramin Jahanbegloo, a Canadian-Iranian writer, who was accused of working with the US to overthrow the government.
    (Reuters, 8/30/06)

2006        Sep 3, NATO and Afghan forces hit the Taliban with air strikes and artillery in Operation Medusa in southern Afghanistan. Four NATO soldiers, including 3 Canadians, and more than 200 insurgents were killed in the first two days of a major anti-Taliban operation under way in the Panjwayi district, about 10 miles from the city of Kandahar.
    (AFP, 9/3/06)

2006        Sep 8, The Toronto International Film Festival got off to a multi-cultural start night with the premiere of "The Journals of Knud Rasmussen," a drama about Canada's Inuit people being stripped of their traditions by Christianity.
    (Reuters, 9/8/06)

2006        Sep 12, Canada and the United States formally signed an agreement to end a protracted dispute over Canadian softwood lumber.
    (Reuters, 9/12/06)

2006        Sep 13, A man in a black trench coat opened fire at a downtown Montreal college, slaying a young woman, Anastasia De Sousa (18), a student at Dawson College, and wounding at least 19 other people before police shot and killed him. Officials soon identified the killer as Kimveer Gill (25), resident of a Montreal suburb.
    (AP, 9/13/06)(Reuters, 9/14/06)

2006        Sep 14, The hedge fund Amaranth Advisors, led by Nick Maounis, announced a loss of some $560 million. The name was taken from the Greek word for “unfading." Brian Hunter (32), a Canadian energy trader, got caught on the wrong side of falling natural gas futures.
    (WSJ, 9/23/06, p.B5)(Econ, 9/23/06, p.83)

2006        Sep 15, The US joined with the EU and Canada charging that China has erected illegal barriers to the sale of U.S. and other foreign-made auto parts there.
    (AP, 9/15/06)

2006        Sep 18, In southern Afghanistan a suicide bomber on a bicycle killed four Canadian troops handing out candy to children and wounded 27 civilians.
    (AP, 9/18/06)

2006        Sep 20, In Australia arrested 5 Canadian men after cocaine worth A$35 million ($26 million) was found hidden inside computer monitors. This was believed to be Australia's fifth-largest illegal drugs seizure.
    (Reuters, 9/21/06)

2006        Sep 24, Inco, one of Canada’s two largest mining companies, agreed to be acquired by Companhia Vale do Rio Doce of Brazil for $17.8 billion and absorbing Inco's debt of $1.2 billion. The deal was closed in October.
    (www.secinfo.com/dRY7g.v113.d.htm)(WSJ, 4/25/08, p.A1)(http://tinyurl.com/ydysrko)

2006        Sep 29, The Nature Conservancy of Canada announced that Roberta Langtry (1916-2005), a Canadian teacher who lived a frugal life but gave large, anonymous donations to people in need, has left a C$4.3 million ($3.8 million) fortune to the environmental charity.
    (Reuters, 9/30/06)

2006        Sep 30, In Canada at least five people were crushed to death in their cars after the collapse of an overpass near Montreal.
    (AP, 10/1/06)

2006        Oct 3, The X Prize Foundation, founded by aerospace entrepreneur Paul Diamandis, said it would team with Canadian geologist Stewart Blussom to offer $10 million to any team that can completely decode the genes of 100 people in 10 days.
    (WSJ, 10/4/06, p.B1)

2006        Oct 19, A court struck down sections of a Canadian anti-terrorism law, in a ruling that threw out warrants used to search the home of a reporter covering U.S. efforts to secretly send a Canadian terror suspect to Syria for interrogation.
    (AP, 10/19/06)

2006        Oct 24, Mohammed Momin Khawaja (27), the first person charged under Canada's anti-terrorism act won a partial victory when a judge struck down a key portion of the law, ruling that the clause dealing with the definition of the law violates the country's bill of rights.
    (AP, 10/24/06)

2006        Oct 26, An American sex offender who was sentenced by a US judge to three years "exile" in Canada was arrested by Canadian border guards and faces deportation. A New York state judge allowed former teacher Malcolm Watson, convicted of having sex with a 15-year-old girl, to live in Canada on probation rather than spending time in a US jail.
    (Reuters, 10/26/06)

2006        Oct 31, In Canada Finance Minister Jim Flaherty shocked markets when he announced plans to tax income trusts. Flaherty signaled concern that the flow of conversions to income trusts could become an uncontrollable torrent that would damage the economy and erode government revenues. Income trusts were first set up in the mid-1980s by property and energy companies who chose to pass profits to investors and thus avoid corporate income tax.
    (AP, 10/31/06)(Econ, 11/4/06, p.86)
2006        Oct 31, In St. Thomas, Canada, a man (34) who was sexually abusing a young girl in his home was arrested after he transmitted images of the assault via the Internet to an undercover detective.
    (AP, 11/3/06)

2006        Nov 3, US and Canadian researchers reported that the world's fish and seafood could disappear by 2048 as overfishing and pollution destroy ocean ecosystems at an accelerating pace.
    (AFP, 11/3/06)

2006        Nov 5, In Canada Damon Crooks (28) of Jacksonville, Fla., was stabbed in the early morning outside a downtown club in Halifax after a fight that began inside spilled onto the street. The American sailor killed during the bar brawl was a "Good Samaritan" trying to break up a fight he wasn't even involved in.
    (AP, 11/5/06)

2006        Nov 6, Canada’s Heritage Oil reported an oil find on the Ugandan side of Lake Albert.
    (Econ, 8/25/07, p.45)(http://tinyurl.com/36dnbm)

2006        Nov 8, Canada's homicide rate rose for the second straight year in 2005, fueled in part by an increase in gang-related violence, according to new government statistics.
    (AP, 11/8/06)

2006        Nov 16, Canada said it had arrested a foreign man who it branded a threat to national security and who one national newspaper identified as a possible Russian spy. On Nov 21 the government released a document saying: "The Canadian Security Intelligence Service has reasonable grounds to believe that the foreign national alleging to be Paul William Hampel is a member of the Sluzhba Vneshney Razvedki (SVR), the foreign intelligence service of the Russian intelligence services."
    (AP, 11/16/06)(Reuters, 11/21/06)

2006        Nov 22, Canadian police arrested 90 people in a series of raids targeting what officials said was traditional Italian organized crime in the Montreal area. The raids stemmed from an investigation dubbed Project Colisee that began in 2004.
    (AP, 11/22/06)

2006        Nov 23, Canada's opposition Liberal party announced support for Conservative PM Stephen Harper's motion recognizing French-speaking Quebec as a nation within Canada, adding political weight to an attempt to pre-empt similar efforts by Quebec separatists.
    (AP, 11/23/06)

2006        Nov 24, Canadian police found 22 apartments in a 13-story Toronto building rigged up to grow marijuana with a value of $5 million.
    (WSJ, 11/25/06, p.A1)

2006        Nov 28, Canada’s Parliament formally recognized the French-speaking people of Quebec as a nation within Canada, a seemingly symbolic gesture that has led to a Cabinet resignation and ignited concerns over a renewed push for the province's sovereignty.
    (AP, 11/28/06)

2006        Dec 2, Stephane Dion (51), a former environment minister who criticized PM Harper for modeling himself after President Bush, won leadership of Canada's Liberal Party.
    (AP, 12/2/06)

2006        Dec 3, Members of Alberta's ruling Conservative party picked Ed Stelmach (55), a moderate farmer, as premier of the western Canadian province.
    (Reuters, 12/3/06)

2006        Dec 26, Canada deported a man who posed as a Canadian for years, describing him as a Russian spy who used a fake birth certificate to create a false identity and accumulate three Canadian passports. The man, who acquired passports in the name of Paul William Hampel, left Canada for Russia.
    (Reuters, 12/26/06)

2006        Dec, America’s first tidal project became operational after 2 underwater turbines were installed in New York’s East River by Verdant Power, a Canadian-American company. 14 other countries already operated tidal or wave-power stations, but most were tiny, experimental and expensive.
    (Econ, 4/28/07, p.71)

2006        Bobby Jack F Fowler died of lung cancer in an Oregon prison. In 2012 the Royal Canadian Mounted Police said that partly based on improved DNA testing, it is certain that he murdered 16-year-old Colleen MacMillen in 1974. US authorities linked him to the slayings of four other teenage girls.
    (Reuters, 9/25/12)
2006        In Swaziland Canadian entrepreneur Volker Wagner bought the entire town of Bulembu, five years after it was abandoned, and entrusted it to a Canadian evangelical ministry to run the place as an orphanage for children whose parents have often died of AIDS.
    (AFP, 3/23/12)

2007        Jan 11, The US government said Canadian coins with tiny radio frequency transmitters hidden inside were found planted on US contractors with classified security clearances on at least three separate occasions between October 2005 and January 2006 as the contractors traveled through Canada.
    (AP, 1/11/07)

2007        Jan 12, Canada unveiled plans to spend more than $368 million over the next five years to protect its border from terrorist, economic and environmental threats.
    (AP, 1/13/07)

2007        Jan 13, In Canada groundbreaking took place in Calgary on the 58-story Encana tower, The Bow. In Dec 2008 construction was halted due to falling oil prices.
    (Econ, 1/17/09, p.40)(http://highriseconstruction.wordpress.com/2008/07/)

2007        Jan 16, Canadian Trade Minister David Emerson signed a technology deal with China, on a visit aimed at reinvigorating relations with the Asian superpower that have been dented by Canada's blunt talk on human rights.
    (Reuters, 1/16/07)

2007        Jan 19, Denny Doherty (66), one-quarter of the 1960s folk-rock group the Mamas and the Papas, died at his home in Ontario, Canada. The group was known for their soaring harmony on hits like "California Dreamin’" (1966) and "Monday, Monday."
    (AP, 1/19/07)

2007        Jan 21, Canada announced it will spend $25 million to protect, the Great Bear Rainforest, a 16-million-acre preserve that stretches 250 miles along British Columbia's rugged Pacific coastline, one of the largest intact temperate rainforests left in the world.
    (AP, 1/22/07)

2007        Jan 26, Canada apologized to software engineer Maher Arar, who was deported to Syria by US agents after Canadian police mistakenly labeled him an Islamic extremist, and paid him C$10.5 million ($8.9 million) in compensation.
    (Reuters, 1/26/07)

2007        Jan 31, Canada's former Secretary of State for the Asia Pacific region David Kilgour and human rights lawyer David Matas released a report saying China's military is harvesting organs from prison inmates, mostly Falungong practitioners, for large scale transplants including for foreign recipients.
    (AFP, 1/31/07)
2007        Jan 31, Chinese President Hu Jintao arrived in Cameroon to begin his second African tour to boost ties with a continent that has many of the oil and commodity reserves the Asian giant needs for its ballooning economy.
    (Reuters, 1/31/07)

2007        Feb 7, Canada’s Nortel Networks Corp. said it will slash 2,900 jobs, or 8.5 percent of its workforce, over the next two years and shift another 1,000 employees to lower-cost locations like China, India and Mexico as North America's biggest maker of telephone equipment struggles to shore up its profits.
    (Reuters, 2/7/07)

2007        Feb 10, Canadian National Railway Co. said that 2,800 of its conductors and yard-service workers at its operations in Canada began a strike, a work stoppage that could affect the country's key shipments of grain, timber and other commodities.
    (Reuters, 2/10/07)

2007        Feb 13, In Canada D-Wave Systems, based in Burnaby near Vancouver, announced the existence of the world’s first practical quantum computer.
    (Econ, 2/17/07, p.81)

2007        Feb 14, German-US auto giant DaimlerChrysler said it planned to axe 13,000 jobs at its loss-making Chrysler subsidiary as part of a broad restructuring plan aimed at returning the US unit to profitability by 2009. The bulk of the job losses will affect union workers, with 9,000 hourly jobs eliminated in the United States and 2,000 in Canada.
    (AP, 2/14/07)

2007        Feb 19, Canada unexpectedly granted permanent resident status to Amir Kazemian (41), an Iranian, man who spent nearly three years in sanctuary in a Vancouver church before being arrested over the weekend. The Citizenship and Immigration officials granted him residency on humanitarian and compassionate grounds.
    (AP, 2/19/07)

2007        Feb 20, The Canadian government and Bill Gates announced an initiative to establish a research institute to develop an AIDS vaccine, committing a total of $119 million to the project.
    (AP, 2/21/07)
2007        Feb 20, Three men from Canada, Taiwan and the United States completed a 4,000 mile run across the Sahara Desert over 111 days to draw attention to the lack of access to water in many countries they crossed.
    (AP, 2/21/07)

2007        Feb 21, Ottawa took the first step to end a strike by Canadian National Railway workers that has spurred demands for government intervention by a chorus of shippers as well as an internecine union battle.
    (Reuters, 2/21/07)

2007        Feb 23, Canada's Supreme Court struck down the government's right to detain foreign terrorism suspects indefinitely and without trial, ruling that the system violates the country's bill of rights.
    (AP, 2/23/07)

2007        Feb 24, A tentative deal was reached to end a two-week-old strike by about 2,800 Canadian National Railway Co. employees that had provoked a threat of government intervention.
    (AP, 2/25/07)

2007        Feb 26, In Bolivia police said the body of Simon Matthew Boily (23), a Canadian cyclist, has been found in a mountain ravine more than a month after he set out on the "Highway of Death" from the La Paz on Jan 21.
    (AP, 2/26/07)

2007        Feb 27, The Canadian parliament voted to end two anti-terror measures adopted in the wake of the Sept. 11 terror attacks, one that allowed for preventive arrests and another that permitted forced testimony.
    (AP, 2/28/07)

2007        Feb 28, An Egyptian with Canadian citizenship on trial for spying for Israel shouted from his courtroom cage that a confession had been extracted under torture.
    (AP, 2/28/07)

2007        Mar 13, Canada said it had the highest population growth rate among G-8 industrialized nations between 2001 and 2006, thanks to the arrival of 1.2 million immigrants.
    (AP, 3/13/07)

2007        Mar 19, Jim Flaherty, Canada’s finance minister, announced the 10th successive annual fiscal surplus.
    (Econ, 3/24/07, p.44)

2007        Apr 1, In Canada the Trade, Investment and Labor Mobility Agreement went into effect between British Columbia and Alberta.
    (Econ, 3/10/07, p.35)

2007        Mar 21, The World Trade Organization (WTO) said Canada should dismantle "significant" trade barriers it uses to protect its wheat, dairy and other agricultural producers.
    (Reuters, 3/21/07)

2007        Mar 29, Fisheries Minister Loyola Hearn said Canada will cut back the number of harp seals that hunters can kill this year to 270,000 from 335,000 in 2006 because of bad ice conditions off its East Coast.
    (AP, 3/29/07)

2007        Mar 30, In Canada Menu Foods Income Fund, maker of the tainted pet foods at the center of this month's massive recall, said it is no longer using a Chinese supplier of wheat gluten after US officials found the chemical melamine in some of the recalled products.
    (Reuters, 3/31/07)

2007        Apr 1, In Canada Nelly Furtado stole the show at the Junos, playing the roles of both host and big winner at the 2007 edition of the nation's top music awards.
    (Reuters, 4/1/07)

2007        Apr 2, Canada's controversial annual seal hunt opened in the southern Gulf of St. Lawrence, where the worst ice conditions in more than two decades have nearly wiped out the herd there.
    (AP, 4/2/07)

2007        Apr 8, A purported spokesman for the Taliban said the kidnapped translator for an Italian journalist was killed in southern Afghanistan. In the eastern Paktika province, two Afghan guards were killed and five wounded during a four-hour firefight with Taliban militants. In eastern Khost province, a gunman riding on the back of a motorcycle opened fire on Afghans working for NATO's International Security Assistance Force, killing two of the men and wounding another. In eastern Nangarhar province, a suicide car bomber blew himself up next to a US-led coalition convoy. 2 roadside bombs in southern Afghanistan left seven NATO soldiers dead. 6 Canadians died in one of the 2 blasts.
    (AP, 4/8/07)(AP, 4/9/07)

2007        Apr 11, Canadian National Railway faced picket lines, but the union said it does not plan this new job action to be as disruptive as the strike that hamstrung Canada's largest railway in February.
    (AP, 4/11/07)
2007        Apr 11, In southern Afghanistan a suicide car bomber struck a NATO convoy, wounding seven civilians, while a US-led coalition airstrike killed 13 suspected militants. Another bomb blast in the south killed two Canadian soldiers and wounded three others.
    (AP, 4/11/07)(AP, 4/12/07)

2007        Apr 14, June Callwood (82), often described as Canada's social conscience, died.
    (Reuters, 4/14/07)

2007        Apr 17, Canada’s Parliament passed a law that will force striking workers at Canadian National Railway to return to the job.
    (Reuters, 4/18/07)

2007        Apr 19, China jailed Huseyin Celil (37), a Uighur-Canadian, for life for separatism and terrorism and warned Canada not to get involved even as Ottawa announced it would send its foreign minister to discuss the case. Celil was detained in Uzbekistan in March 2006 when he was visiting relatives and sent to China last June.
    (Reuters, 4/19/07)

2007        Apr 21, In Cairo an Egyptian-Canadian man was convicted of spying for Israel and sentenced to 15 years in prison by a special security court.
    (AP, 4/21/07)

2007        Apr 22, The annual Goldman Environmental Prizes were announced on Earth Day. The winners included Julio Cusurichi of Peru for his work to fight illegal logging; Willie Corduff of Ireland for his work to halt an energy project that disregarded local and environmental concerns; Sophia Rabliauskas of Canada for her work to help protect the boreal forest in Manitoba; Orri Vigfussen of Iceland for his work on the North Atlantic Salmon Fund; Ts. Munkhbayar for his work against unregulated mining in Mongolia; and Hammerskjoeld Simwinga for his work in organizing microloan programs in Zambia.
    (SSFC, 4/22/07, p.E1)

2007        Apr 24, The US military formally charged Omar Khadr (20), a young Canadian prisoner, with murder and other crimes, clearing the way for his trial before the war crimes tribunal at the Guantanamo Bay naval base. Khadr was captured during a gunfight at an alleged al Qaeda compound in Afghanistan when he was 15 and sent to Guantanamo shortly after turning 16. Khadr's family was close to Osama bin Laden and his Egyptian-born father, Ahmed Said Khadr, was an alleged al Qaeda financier killed in a battle with Pakistani soldiers in 2003. His family had lived in Pakistan but returned to Canada after the elder Khadr's death.
    (Reuters, 4/24/07)

2007        Apr 26, Canada promised curbs on air pollution and a new approach to greenhouse gas emissions in a plan the government says will slow, then reverse the rise in output of pollutants blamed for global warming.
    (Reuters, 4/26/07)

2007        May 2, The Canadian Food Inspection Agency said another case of bovine spongiform encephalopathy, or mad cow disease, has been confirmed in a mature dairy cow in the province of British Columbia.
    (Reuters, 5/2/07)

2007        May 3, Seven of Canada's biggest investment dealers said they plan to launch a new Alternative Trading System in 2008 to boost the efficiency of equity trading and make Canada more globally competitive. The Royal Canadian Mint unveiled a monster gold coin with a face value of C$1 million (455,000 pounds) that it says is the world's biggest, purest and highest denomination coin.
    (Reuters, 5/3/07)

2007        May 4, Reuters Group PLC said that it had received a preliminary takeover approach. The bidder was identified as Thomson Corp., a financial data and information provider based in Stamford, Conn., owned by the Thomson family of Canada.
    (AP, 5/4/07)(http://tinyurl.com/2m8qt5)

2007        May 7, Alcoa, the world's largest aluminum company, said it would make a hostile bid for Canada's Alcan Inc., estimated at $27 billion, after talks between the rivals failed to lead to a deal.
    (AP, 5/7/07)

2007        May 8, News and information company Reuters Group PLC and financial data provider Thomson Corp. confirmed that they are discussing a combination of their businesses that values Reuters at more than $17 billion.
    (AP, 5/8/07)

2007        May 13, Canada won hockey's world championship with a 4-2 victory over Finland.
    (AP, 5/13/08)

2007        May 15, Reuters agreed to a $17.2 billion takeover by the Thomson family of Canada that would vault the combined entity ahead of Bloomberg to become the world's largest financial data and news provider.
    (AP, 5/15/07)

2007        May 16, In Canada some 3,200 track workers at Canadian Pacific Railway Ltd. began a national strike over failed talks on wages and other issues.
    (Reuters, 5/16/07)

2007        May 17, Greyhound Canada suspended passenger and parcel service in Western Canada because of a labor disruption.
    (Reuters, 5/18/07)

2007        May 25, In southern Afghanistan a NATO soldier from Canada was killed and two other NATO soldiers were wounded in overnight attacks by Taliban fighters.
    (AFP, 5/25/07)

2007        May 30, Ontario and California leaders said they will work together to develop new stem cell therapies to help conquer cancer, and will cooperate on curbing greenhouse gas emission.
    (Reuters, 5/31/07)

2007        Jun 11, Cuba's largest foreign investor, Canada’s Sherritt International Corp., saw business running smoothly under acting President Raul Castro and will push ahead with a $1.2 billion expansion in nickel mining, and oil and electricity production.
    (Reuters, 6/11/07)

2007        Jun 12, Shahid Jamil Qureshi, Pakistan’s minister of state for communications, resigned after police named him as a suspect in the death of Kafila Siddiqui, a Canadian citizen of Pakistani origin, at their shared home in Islamabad.
    (AP, 6/12/07)

2007        Jun 13, Canadian police arrested more than 60 suspected members of a criminal gang in a series of dawn raids in and around Toronto, in a crackdown on smuggling drugs and illegal firearms.
    (Reuters, 6/13/07)

2007        Jun 14, Canada said it had approved the idea of burying nuclear waste from its power plants deep in the ground at a single location, a proposal that green activists immediately condemned as too risky.
    (Reuters, 6/14/07)

2007        Jun 15, In Quebec, Canada, Premier Jean Charest said his province plans to ban firearms in educational institutions and on public transport as part of a clampdown in the wake of a college shooting last year.
    (Reuters, 6/15/07)

2007        Jun 18, Canada introduced a no-fly list to ground potential air passengers "who may pose an immediate threat to aviation security" and tried to play down concerns that the list could be abused.
    (AP, 6/18/07)

2007        Jun 19, In Dubai a Canadian UN official, who advised the Afghan government on eradicating opium poppy crops, was sentenced to four years in prison for smuggling and drug possession. Bert Tatham (35) of Vancouver, British Columbia, was arrested April 23 during a one-hour stopover at the Dubai International Airport, after being caught with a half a gram of hashish, and two poppy bulbs.
    (AP, 6/19/07)

2007        Jun 25, Chris Benoit (40), a professional wrestling superstar, was found dead alongside the bodies of his wife and retarded son (7) in Fayetteville, Georgia. Police treated the case as a possible murder-suicide. Anabolic steroids thought to be a contributing factor. The Canadian-born wrestler won the world heavyweight championship in 2004. Doctors later reported that Chris Benoit had injected steroids not long before he died.
    (Reuters, 6/26/07)(SFC, 6/28/07, p.A4)(Reuters, 7/17/07)

2007        Jun 27, Canada’s government said it will ban all smoking in federal prisons next year to improve the health of prisoners, staff and visitors.
    (Reuters, 6/28/07)

2007        Jun 28, In Toronto the CN Tower, the world's tallest free-standing structure, showed off its high-efficiency LED lighting, giving a brief preview of some of the millions of color combinations that will flow up and down the 553-meter (1,815-foot) tower during holidays and special events.
    (Reuters, 6/29/07)

2007        Jun 29, Police closed a stretch of Canada's busiest highway and officials closed the country's main east-west rail line on fears that a native day of action could turn violent and disruptive.
    (AP, 6/29/07)

2007        Jun 30, BCE Inc, Canada's largest telecommunications group, agreed to a C$51.7 billion ($48.5 billion) offer from a group including the Ontario Teachers Pension Plan, in what the purchasers said was the largest buyout in Canadian corporate history.
    (Reuters, 6/30/07)

2007        Jul 2, Researchers said the first test-tube baby created from an egg matured in the laboratory and then frozen has been born in Canada, in a breakthrough offering hope to women with cancer and others unsuited to normal IVF treatment.
    (Reuters, 7/2/07)

2007        Jul 4, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb hit a NATO vehicle, killing six Canadian soldiers and their Afghan interpreter.
    (Reuters, 7/5/07)

2007        Jul 6, Canada named a former government security adviser to head the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, the first time a civilian has held the post.
    (AP, 7/7/07)

2007        Jul 9, Canada announced plans to increase its Arctic military presence in an effort to assert sovereignty over the Northwest Passage, a potentially oil-rich region the United States claims is international territory.
    (AP, 7/9/07)

2007        Jul 10, The Bank of Canada raised its key interest rate, by one-quarter point to 4.50%, for the first time in over a year and kept the door open to further hikes, saying inflation has been persistently higher than it expected.
    (Reuters, 7/10/07)
2007        Jul 10, Activists said that a recent UN report showing Canadians use more marijuana than people in any other industrialized country is more evidence that the drug should be legalized. The 2007 World Drug Report found that 16.8% of Canadians between 15 and 64 used marijuana, at least once in the past year.
    (Reuters, 7/10/07)

2007        Jul 11, In Canada "Honest Ed" Mirvish (92), a colorful Toronto character who restored theaters, produced musicals, and ran a brash and cavernous discount store, died.
    (Reuters, 7/11/07)

2007        Jul 12, Anglo-Australian miner Rio Tinto launched a 38.1-billion-dollar offer for Canada's Alcan, trumping US rival Alcoa in a mammoth bid to create the world's largest aluminium company.
    (AP, 7/12/07)
2007        Jul 12, A coalition of US and Canadian cities along the Great Lakes and St Lawrence River, including Toronto and Chicago, vowed to cut water consumption 15% by 2015.
    (Reuters, 7/12/07)

2007        Jul 16, The Canadian government agreed to disburse C$1.4 billion ($1.3 billion) in aid over 20 years to Quebec's 15,000 Cree to improve health, security and other services for the native Indians.
    (Reuters, 7/16/07)

2007        Jul 20, The WTO said Rwanda plans to import a generic HIV/AIDS medicine made in Canada, making it the first country to test a World Trade Organization waiver on drug patents.
    (Reuters, 7/20/07)

2007        Jul 23, Foreign Minister Peter MacKay said Canada will give the new Palestinian government C$8 million ($7.6 million) in direct aid and more could follow now that Hamas is no longer in the government.
    (Reuters, 7/23/07)
2007        Jul 23, John Gilman (65), developer of FieldTurf, an artificial grass that replaced AstroTurf, died at his home in Montreal. The FieldTurf technology was based on patents filed by golfer Freddie Haas Jr.
    (WSJ, 1/28/07, p.A6)

2007        Jul 24, In Canada a pipeline in a Vancouver suburb was ruptured, sending a geyser of oil shooting 12 meters (40 feet) into the air, coating neighborhood streets and spilling crude into an ocean inlet.
    (Reuters, 7/24/07)

2007        Jul 26, Canada nixed a decade-old policy that required prospective Sikh immigrants to change their last names to avoid confusion with other Sikhs.
    (Reuters, 7/26/07)

2007        Jul 31, In Canada John Felderhof, the lone remaining key figure in the multibillion-dollar Bre-X gold fraud, was found not guilty. It took almost seven years to reach the not guilty verdict in the trial of the only person to be prosecuted in the massive Bre-X gold fraud, leading Canadians to ask once again if the country isn't too soft on corporate crime.
    (Reuters, 7/31/07)

2007        Aug 2, Canada dismissed Russia's claim to a large chunk of the resource-rich Arctic, saying the tactic was more suited to the 15th century than the real world.
    (AP, 8/2/07)

2007        Aug 7, Britain's GW Pharmaceuticals Plc said that Health Canada had approved its cannabis-based medicine Sativex for treatment of cancer patients.
    (AP, 8/7/07)

2007        Aug 9, Newly declassified documents said Canadian intelligence officials suspected that Maher Arar, a Syrian-born Canadian citizen detained by the US in 2002 as a terror suspect and deported, had been sent to a third country for torture as part of the CIA's "extraordinary rendition" program. Arar was detained in September 2002 by US authorities during a flight stopover in New York while returning home to Canada from a vacation in Tunisia.
    (AP, 8/10/07)
2007        Aug 9, In Canada 2 people were killed and six people wounded in an early-morning shooting in a Vancouver restaurant.
    (Reuters, 8/9/07)

2007        Aug 10, Canada's prime minister announced plans for an army training center and a deepwater port on the third day of an Arctic trip meant to assert sovereignty over a region.
    (AP, 8/10/07)

2007        Aug 12, A Canadian woman (35) gave birth to rare identical quadruplets. Karen Jepp of Calgary, Alberta, delivered Autumn, Brooke, Calissa and Dahlia by Caesarian section at Benefis Healthcare in Great Falls, Montana.
    (AP, 8/16/07)

2007        Aug 17, The Criminal Intelligence Service Canada annual report estimated that there are 950 organized crime groups operating in the country.
    (Reuters, 8/17/07)

2007        Aug 19, In southern Afghanistan, dozens of Taliban insurgents attacked an Afghan army compound, and the ensuing gunbattle left 10 suspected militants dead and 4 others wounded. A Canadian soldier was killed when his vehicle struck a roadside bomb near Kandahar.
    (AP, 8/19/07)(AP, 8/20/07)

2007        Aug 20, In Canada Mexican President Felipe Calderon, Canadian PM Stephen Harper and President Bush worked to craft a plan to secure their borders in the event of a terrorist strike or other emergency without creating traffic tie-ups that slowed commerce at crossings after the Sept. 11 attacks. Protesters and riot police clashed outside the posh Canadian resort where the leaders were meeting.
    (AP, 8/20/07)(Reuters, 8/21/07)

2007        Aug 22, Western US states and Canadian provinces agreed to cut greenhouse emissions 15% by 2020 in the latest regional pact to regulate the gases, an approach opposed by US President George W. Bush.
    (Reuters, 8/22/07)
2007        Aug 22, Taliban militants wearing Afghan army uniforms attacked a remote NATO base in eastern Afghanistan, killing two Afghan soldiers and wounding 11 alliance soldiers. In southern Afghanistan 2 Canadian soldiers and an interpreter were killed and two journalists injured during an attack.
    (AP, 8/22/07)(Reuters, 8/22/07)

2007        Aug 23, The Montreal World Film Festival, which endured a near-death experience two years ago when key government subsidies were suspended, kicked off its 31st edition with a new lease on life.
    (AP, 8/24/07)

2007        Aug 24, In Canada 11 people were hurt and two killed after a hot air balloon caught fire as it left for a sunset flight in British Columbia. A pickup truck driven by an elderly man struck a pre-wedding party near Vancouver, killing six people and injuring 17.
    (Reuters, 8/26/07)

2007        Aug 30, Canadian police arrested Adel Arnaout (37), with three home-made bombs in the trunk of his car. The arrest was connected to an investigation into letter bombs delivered recently to three homes in and around Toronto.
    (Reuters, 8/31/07)

2007        Sep 4, Canada’s PM Stephen Harper suspended Parliament and reconvened a new session on October 16, setting up a vote of confidence in his minority Conservative government that could trigger an election.
    (Reuters, 9/5/07)

2007        Sep 5, Canada’s ambassador to Zimbabwe said the number of people facing serious food shortages there is expected to grow to 4.1 million over the first quarter of next year.
    (AP, 9/5/07)

2007        Sep 10, Canada's top election official stuck to his controversial ruling allowing Muslim women to stay veiled when voting, despite protests from Prime Minister Stephen Harper.
    (AP, 9/11/07)

2007        Sep 12, Canada’s defense minister said Canada will give a one-time payment of $19,200 to people who say their health was harmed by US military Agent Orange spray programs at a base in eastern Canada 40 years ago. The US military tested Agent Orange, Agent Purple and several other powerful defoliants on a small section of the base in Gagetown, New Brunswick, over seven days in 1966 and 1967. Roughly 4,500 people were expected to be eligible for the payment, at a total cost of $92 million.
    (AP, 9/13/07)
2007        Sep 12, The US SEC said it had filed civil fraud charges against Douglas Hamilton, Craig Johnson, James Kinney and Kenneth Taylor, the former vice presidents of finance for Toronto-based Nortel's optical, wireline, wireless and enterprise business units.
    (AP, 9/13/07)

2007        Sep 17, A new report said voracious beetles, that have ravaged more than 9 million hectares (35,000 square miles) of British Columbia's forests, have wiped out about 40 percent of the infested region's marketable pine trees.
    (Reuters, 9/17/07)

2007        Sep 20, The Canadian dollar rose above parity with the US dollar for the first time in 31 years. The Canadian currency's commodity-fueled rise was helped by a sharply falling dollar.
    (Reuters, 9/20/07)

2007        Sep 21, In Canada, delegates from almost 200 countries agreed to eliminate ozone-depleting substances faster than originally planned. The agreement was reached at a conference in Montreal to mark the 20th anniversary of the Montreal protocol, which was designed to cut chemicals found to harm the ozone layer.
    (Reuters, 9/22/07)

2007        Sep 24, In western Afghanistan Italian special forces rescued two captive Italian intelligence agents from a militant convoy, killing at least eight kidnappers. Both kidnapped Italians were wounded in the raid, but one died from his wounds in Rome on Oct 4. In southern Afghanistan a Canadian soldier was killed and four were wounded during a military operation.
    (AP, 9/24/07)(Reuters, 9/25/07)(AP, 10/4/07)

2007        Sep 26, Canadian police charged the two co-founders of now-defunct Portus Alternative Asset Management Inc with 12 counts of fraud, money laundering, and possession of property obtained by crime, the result of a lengthy international investigation.
    (Reuters, 9/26/07)

2007        Sep 28, Japan suspended poultry imports from Canada after the H7N3 strain of avian influenza was found on a Saskatchewan chicken farm.
    (Reuters, 9/28/07)

2007        Oct 1, A Canadian judge acquitted three doctors, a New Jersey company and a former Red Cross official of criminal charges in a tainted-blood scandal that infected thousands of Canadians with HIV or hepatitis and resulted in more than 3,000 deaths.
    (AP, 10/1/07)

2007        Oct 2, Canada’s Justice Minister Rob Nicholson said the government plans to criminalize identity theft to give police the ability to stop such activity before any fraud has actually been carried out.
    (AP, 10/3/07)

2007        Oct 4, Canada’s PM Stephen Harper vowed to crack down on illegal drugs, saying the Conservative government would propose mandatory prison time for serious drug offenses.
    (Reuters, 10/4/07)
2007        Oct 4, Health Canada said that it has stopped the sale of Novartis Pharmaceuticals anti-inflammatory drug Prexige and will cancel its market authorization due to the risk for serious liver-related effects including hepatitis.
    (AP, 10/4/07)
2007        Oct 4, Canada became the first country to notify the World Trade Organization that it has agreed to allow a Canadian company to make generic medicines for export to Rwanda.
    (AFP, 10/7/07)

2007        Oct 9, Brewers SABMiller and Molson Coors Brewing said they have agreed to combine their US operations to create a business that will have annual sales of $6.6 billion and be the second-biggest market player behind Anheuser-Busch.
    (Reuters, 10/9/07)

2007        Oct 9, In Canada the Conservatives swept to an easy victory in Newfoundland and Labrador, with voters giving a thumbs up to the province-first policies of populist Premier Danny Williams.
    (Reuters, 10/10/07)

2007        Oct 10, Ontario's Liberal Party won a second term heading Canada's most populous province.
    (Reuters, 10/10/07)

2007        Oct 11, The Canadian dollar hit a three-decade high versus the US dollar as the greenback remained under broad selling pressure due to expectations of more Federal Reserve interest rate cuts.
    (Reuters, 10/11/07)

2007        Oct 14, Robert Dziekanski (b.1967) died after being tasered  five times  by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) at Vancouver International Airport hours after he had arrived in Canada from Poland as a new immigrant. In 2010 the RCMP apologized as part of an out-of-court settlement with the mother of Dziekanski.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Dzieka%C5%84ski_Taser_incident)(AP, 4/2/10)

2007        Oct 18, US lawmakers offered apologies to Maher Arar, a Syrian-born Canadian, who was deported in 2002 by US counterterrorism officials to Syria, where he says he was imprisoned and tortured.
    (Reuters, 10/18/07)

2007        Oct 19,     A twin-engine plane crashed into the ninth floor of a suburban Vancouver apartment building, killing the pilot and injuring at least two people in the building. Six people were found dead in what police described as a graphic murder scene in an apartment building in a Vancouver suburb. Police later said the killings, which took place on the 15th floor of a suburban Vancouver apartment building, were related to gang activity. They said that two of the dead were murdered because they chanced upon the crime scene.
    (AP, 10/20/07)(Reuters, 10/20/07)(Reuters, 10/23/07)
2007        Oct 19, Christopher Paul Neil (32), a Canadian schoolteacher suspected of sexually abusing boys, was arrested in rural Thailand and charged after a 3-year international manhunt that relied on digitally unscrambled photos and tips from the public. Neil later pleaded guilty to sexually abusing a 13-year-old boy and was sentenced to three years and three months in jail; he faces other charges involving the victim's younger brother.
    (AP, 10/19/07)(AP, 10/19/08)

2007        Oct 23,     The Canadian dollar roared to a 33-year high against the US dollar after domestic retail sales data for August beat expectations.
    (AP, 10/23/07)
2007        Oct 23,     Police broke up an Italian-Canadian mafia clan that ran drug trafficking and money laundering operations, arresting 12 people and seizing millions of dollars in assets. The clan was led from Canada by Nick and Vito Rizzuto, a father and son, who were jailed for previous crimes respectively in 2006 and 2005.
    (AP, 10/23/07)

2007        Oct 24, Anglo-Australian mining giant Rio Tinto said all conditions on its $38.1 billion takeover of Alcan Inc had been satisfied and most shareholders had accepted its offer.
    (AP, 10/24/07)

2007        Oct 25, The Canadian dollar shot to a 33-year high against a broadly weaker US dollar, as oil and gold prices firmed, giving the commodities-based currency a boost.
    (AP, 10/25/07)

2007        Oct 29,     Canada’s PM Harper received Tibet's exiled spiritual leader in his office in Parliament. He presented the 1989 Nobel laureate with a maple-leaf scarf. The next day China condemned Harper for "disgusting conduct" for playing host to the Dalai Lama.
    (Reuters, 10/30/07)

2007        Oct 30,     Canada's Conservative government vowed to slash corporate and personal taxes and still pay down C$10 billion in debt this year.
    (Reuters, 10/30/07)

2007        Nov 3, Je Yell Kim, a Canadian Christian aid worker who provided dental care for North Koreans in the northeast part of the country, was taken into custody by authorities on charges of violating national security. Kim was released in late Jan 2008.
    (Reuters, 1/28/08)

2007        Nov 7, A novel by a former radio broadcaster in Canada's north won the 2007 Scotiabank Giller Prize, Canada's most lucrative and prestigious prize for fiction. Elizabeth Hay's "Late Nights on Air" details the loves and rivalries of a cast of eccentric characters at a small radio station in Yellowknife, near Canada's Arctic.
    (Reuters, 11/7/07)
2007        Nov 7, The US dollar fell sharply after a Chinese parliamentarian called for his country to diversify its reserves out of weak currencies. The Canadian dollar hitched a ride on surging commodities prices to rise against a beleaguered US dollar, passing US$1.10.
    (Reuters, 11/7/07)(Econ, 11/10/07, p.93)

2007        Nov 13, In a letter to the UN Security Council, Secretary General Ban Ki-moon nominated Canadian prosecutor Daniel Bellemare to lead the UN investigation into the 2005 killing of former Lebanese PM Rafik al-Hariri.
    (Reuters, 11/13/07)
    (AP, 11/16/07)

2007        Nov 15, Two Americans who deserted the US Army to protest against the war in Iraq lost their bid for refugee status in Canada, and the Canadian government made it clear they were no longer welcome.
    (Reuters, 11/15/07)

2007        Nov 21, Canada’s government set aside 25 million acres of wilderness in the Northwest Territories for conservation.
    (SFC, 11/22/07, p.A3)

2007        Nov 22, The Explorer, a Canadian cruise ship, struck ice late at night off Antarctica and began taking on water. All 154 passengers and crew took to lifeboats and were rescued safely the following morning by the Nordnorge, a passing Norwegian liner.
    (AP, 11/23/07)

2007        Nov 24, Robert  Knipstrom (36) of British Columbia man died four days after police used a Taser stun-gun on him because he reportedly was acting erratically in a store. He was the third person to die in recent weeks in Canada after being shocked by the hand-held weapon.
    (AP, 11/25/07)

2007        Nov 27, Jane Rule, American-born Canadian writer, died at her home on Galiano Island in British Columbia. Her 1964 novel, “Desert of the Heart," is considered a landmark work of lesbian fiction.
    (SFC, 12/10/07, p.C5)

2007        Nov 28, In Minnesota a fire at a pipeline from Canada that feeds oil to the US killed 2 people. The pipeline that leaked and four others were shut down, though it wasn't clear for how long, sending oil prices up the next day.
    (AP, 11/29/07)

2007        Dec 4, New census data said one in five people in Canada last year was born in another country, the highest proportion since the 1930s. The Bank of Canada cut its key overnight interest rate by one-quarter point to 4.25 percent, saying it expects US subprime mortgage woes and financial market fallout to last longer than anticipated.
    (Reuters, 12/4/07)

2007        Dec 7, Canada's TV watchdog blessed the launch of Vanessa, a national pay TV porn channel.
    (Reuters, 12/7/07)

2007        Dec 9, A Canadian jury in British Columbia convicted Robert 'Willie' Pickton (58), a  pig farmer, of murdering six women, handing him an automatic life sentence but finding that the killings were not planned. Pickton still faced 20 more murder charges for the deaths of women, most of them prostitutes and drug addicts from a seedy Vancouver neighborhood. On Dec 11 Pickton was sentenced to life in prison with no hope of parole for 25 years. Canadian authorities spent more than C$100 million ($98 million) to catch and convict Pickton.
    (AP, 12/9/07)(Reuters, 12/12/07)(Reuters, 11/17/10)

2007        Dec 10, Petro-Canada, Canada's third largest oil and gas company, signed a $7 billion deal with Libya's state-run National Oil Corp. to invest in exploration in the North African nation.
    (AP, 12/10/07)
2007        Dec 10, A US judge sentenced former media mogul Conrad Black (63) to 6-1/2 years in prison for obstructing justice and defrauding shareholders in one-time newspaper publishing empire Hollinger International Inc., and ordered him to report to prison in 12 weeks. The Canadian-born member of Britain's House of Lords was found guilty in July of one count of obstructing justice and three counts of fraud. Co-defendants Jack Boultbee (64), former Hollinger chief financial officer, got 27 months and former vice president and general counsel Peter Atkinson (60) got 2 years for fraud.
    (Reuters, 12/11/07)
2007        Dec 10, In Mississauga, Canada, Aqsa Parvez (16), who was said to have clashed with her father about whether she should wear a traditional Muslim head scarf, died of injuries, and her father told police he had killed her.
    (Reuters, 12/11/07)

2007        Dec 13, Former Canadian PM Brian Mulroney apologized publicly for accepting hundreds of thousands of dollars in cash from a German arms dealer, but he bluntly rejected suggestions he had taken kickbacks.
    (AP, 12/13/07)

2007        Dec 14, Canada's national police force, criticized for excessive use of Tasers, said that, from now on, officers would only fire the electric stun guns at suspects who are combative or resisting arrest.
    (Reuters, 12/15/07)

2007        Dec 17, US trade officials said the US has reached a deal with the EU, Japan and Canada to keep its Internet gambling market closed to foreign companies, but is continuing talks with India, Antigua and Barbuda, Macau and Costa Rica.
    (AP, 12/17/07)
2007        Dec 17, The World Trade Organization (WTO) launched an investigation into Washington's multi-billion-dollar farm subsidies that Brazil and Canada say break international trading rules.
    (Reuters, 12/17/07)

2007        Dec 17, Much of eastern and central Canada was digging out after a massive storm dumped up to 50 cm (20 inches) of snow in places, shocking Canadians who had become accustomed to milder winters.
    (Reuters, 12/17/07)
2007        Dec 17, Dubai ruling Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum pardoned 377 inmates of Dubai prisons this week on the eve of Eid al-Adha, an important Islamic holiday. The pardon included Bert Tatham, a Canadian UN official who advised the Afghan government on eradicating opium poppy crops. Tatham (35) was granted amnesty, six months after being sentenced to four years in prison on a drug smuggling conviction. Tatham was arrested April 23 during a one-hour stopover at the Dubai International Airport, after being caught with a half a gram of hashish, and two poppy bulbs.
    (AP, 12/17/07)

2007        Dec 18, Canada confirmed a new case of mad cow disease, the 11th since 2003, and said the animal in question was a 13-year-old beef cow from Alberta.
    (AP, 12/18/07)

2007        Dec 21, Ian Thow, a former mutual fund salesman in British Columbia, was fined C$6 million ($6.1 million) and banned from working in the West Coast province's capital markets for life. In October a commission panel found that Thow defrauded hundreds of clients between January 2003 and May 2005, convincing some to sell their mutual funds and mortgage their homes to raise money to invest in non-existing construction loans and Jamaican bank.
    (Reuters, 12/21/07)

2007        Dec 23, Oscar Peterson (b.1925), jazz pianist, died at his home in Mississauga, Canada. His flying fingers, hard-driving swing and melodic improvisations made him one of the world's most famous and influential jazz pianists in a career that spanned seven decades.
    (AP, 12/25/07)

2007        Dec 24, In Montreal, Canada, Gurpeet Gaur (29) the wife of Harinder Singh Cheema, was beaten and strangled to death. On July 2, 2015, Cheema was arrested in Fremont, Ca., following a fingerprint match on a US immigration application.
    (SFC, 7/10/15, p.D3)

2007        Dec 31, Canada’s PM Stephen Harper said a one percentage-point cut to the country's consumption tax will be effective January 1, 2008.
    (AP, 12/31/07)

2007        In Canada the towers of the Toronto Dominion Center incorporated hydrothermal cooling using cold water from Lake Ontario.
    (Econ, 6/9/07, TQ p.4)
2007        In Canada the $8.4 billion hydroelectric project on Labrador’s Churchill River was expected to begin power production.
    (WSJ, 3/10/98, p.A19)
2007        In Canada Bombardier Recreational Products developed the Can-Am Spyder Roadster. The 3-wheeled vehicle was planned to sell for $15,000.
    (Econ, 3/10/07, TQ p.12)

2008        Jan 11, Canada confirmed it would hold a formal inquiry into why former PM Brian Mulroney accepted hundreds of thousands of dollars in cash from a business lobbyist.
    (Reuters, 1/11/08)

2008        Jan 15, The Canadian government fired the country's top nuclear watchdog, criticizing her for how she handled the closure of a key reactor which makes medical radioisotopes.
    (Reuters, 1/16/08)

2008        Jan 18, Mohammed Mansour Jabarah (25), a Canadian citizen of Iraqi descent, who admitted plotting to bomb US embassies in Singapore and the Philippines in 2002 was sentenced to life in prison after telling the court he had been "brainwashed" by al Qaeda.
    (Reuters, 1/18/08)

2008        Jan 22, The Bank of Canada held back in the face of an aggressive interest rate cut by the US Federal Reserve, shaving just a quarter-point off its own key rate, but it signaled more cuts to come as US recession worries spiral.
    (AP, 1/22/08)

2008        Jan 23, Canada bowed out of the 2009 UN conference on racism in Durban, South Africa, saying it would likely "degenerate into ... expressions of intolerance and anti-Semitism."
    (AFP, 1/24/08)
2008        Jan 23, In Afghanistan a Canadian soldier was killed and two others were injured when a military convoy struck an improvised mine near the southern city of Kandahar.
    (Reuters, 1/24/08)

2008        Jan 28, Data Privacy Day began in the United States and Canada, as an extension of the Data Protection Day celebration that started in Europe in 2007. In the United States, the House and Senate passed Resolutions recognizing January 28, 2009 as National Data Privacy Day, and the Senate also recognized National Data Privacy Day in 2010 and 2011.
    (www.staysafeonline.org/dpd/about/history)

2008        Feb 7, NATO defense ministers held talks on Afghanistan in Lithuania. France agreed to help Canada in fighting the Taliban in southern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 2/8/08)

2008        Feb 8, Canada said it planned to keep its 2,500-strong military mission in Afghanistan until some time in 2011, two years longer than initially scheduled.
    (AP, 2/8/08)

2008        Feb 12, In Canada at least 22 people, including a minor, have been charged in what police said was one of Central Canada's biggest investigations of Internet child pornography.
    (AP, 2/13/08)

2008        Feb 15, A group of Canadian sex trade workers hoping to set up a legal "co-op" brothel in time for the 2010 Olympics in Vancouver said they have won approval to incorporate themselves.
    (Reuters, 2/15/08)

2008        Feb 9, It was reported that drug trade in British Columbia, Canada, generated an estimated $7 billion a year. Undermanned police were only able to monitor fewer than a third of some 129 gangs in the province.
    (Econ, 2/9/08, p.41)

2008        Feb 19, Canada’s province of British Columbia announced its intention to implement a carbon tax of $10 per ton of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e) emissions (2.41 cents per liter on gasoline) beginning July 1, 2008, making BC the first North American jurisdiction to implement such a tax.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carbon_tax)

2008        Feb 20, Quebec provincial police conducted raids, breaking up a hacking ring that police said was responsible for an estimated CDN$45 million (US$44.3 million) in damage to computer systems.
    (www.pcworld.com/article/id,142711-c,hackers/article.html)

2008        Feb 22, Canadian Foreign Minister Maxime Bernier pledged $555 million in fresh aid to Haiti, as he wrapped up a three-day visit to the impoverished Caribbean nation.
    (Reuters, 2/23/08)

2008        Feb 26, Canada confirmed a new case of mad cow disease, the 12th since 2003, and said the animal in question was a six-year-old dairy cow from Alberta that had most probably eaten infected feed.
    (Reuters, 2/26/08)

2008        Mar 2, Blind jazz guitarist Jeff Healey (41), known for his blues-based rock and his distinctive playing style, died in a Toronto hospital after a life-long battle with cancer.
    (Reuters, 3/3/08)

2008        Mar 3, The film "Away from Her" was the big winner at Canada's Genie Awards, winning seven statuettes, including best picture, best actor, best actress and best director for first-time filmmaker Sarah Polley.
    (Reuters, 3/4/08)

2008        Mar 4, The Bank of Canada slashed its overnight interest rate by 50 basis points for the first time since November 2001, lowering it to 3.5% and signaling further cuts to shield the economy from the damaging effects of the US slowdown.
    (Reuters, 3/4/08)

2008        Mar 10, Canada’s government said hunters will be allowed to kill 275,000 young harp seals on the ice floes off eastern Canada this year, a number that animal rights activists said was totally unsustainable.
    (Reuters, 3/10/08)

2008        Mar 11, The US space shuttle Endeavour blasted off from a seaside Florida launch pad to deliver part of a long-awaited Japanese space laboratory and a Canadian-built robotic system to the International Space Station.
    (AP, 3/11/08)

2008        Mar 13, Canada’s Parliament voted to extend its mission in Afghanistan to 2011, provided NATO supplies more troops and equipment to back up its forces in the volatile south.
    (AP, 3/14/08)

2008        Mar 18, Canada formally recognized the breakaway republic of Kosovo, a decision Serbia said was a major mistake that could encourage separatists in the province of Quebec.
    (Reuters, 3/18/08)

2008        Mar 26, Trinidad’s RBTT, the largest regionally owned bank, agreed to accept a takeover by the Royal Bank of Canada.
    (Econ, 3/29/08, p.50)

2008        Mar 29, Three seal hunters died after a fishing vessel capsized in the icy waters of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, marking the first accident of Canada's 2008 seal hunt season.
    (Reuters, 3/29/08)

2008        Apr 6, In Merritt, British Columbia, a girl and two boys aged 10, 8 and 5, were found dead by their mother in her trailer home. Allan Schoenborn (40), their father, was arrested April 16 in connection with the murders after local residents discovered him hiding in rugged bush.
    (Reuters, 4/16/08)

2008        Apr 12, A unit of Canada’s national police boarded and seized the Farley Mowat, a Dutch registered yacht belonging to the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society. The ship was used to protest Canada’s annual seal hunt.
    (Econ, 4/19/08, p.48)
2008        Apr 12, Jerry Zucker (58), Israeli-born American businessman and chief executive of Hudson's Bay Co., died of cancer. Zucker's wife Anita Zucker became governor of HBC, Canada’s largest retailer, making her the first woman to hold that position in the company's 338-year history.
    (Reuters, 4/13/08)(WSJ, 4/19/08, p.A9)

2008        Apr 18, The Royal Canadian Mounted Police arrested Benoit Corbeil, a former senior Liberal official, on fraud charges in connection with an advertising scandal that helped topple the Liberal government in 2006.
    (Reuters, 4/18/08)

2008        Apr 22, The Bank of Canada cut its benchmark interest rate by half a percentage point to 3 percent, as expected, but suggested it might pause a little before cutting rates again.
    (Reuters, 4/22/08)
2008        Apr 22, In New Orleans Pres. Bush ended a 2-day meeting with PM Harper of Canada and Pres. Calderon of Mexico as all three defended NAFTA. Bush denied the US is in recession calling the current economic situation a slowdown.
    (SFC, 4/23/08, p.A3)(WSJ, 4/23/08, p.A1)

2008        Apr 24, Canada’s British Columbia province shut the door on exploring for radioactive minerals, saying companies cannot claim rights to them even if the discovery is by accident.
    (Reuters, 4/24/08)

2008        Apr 26, In Canada transit workers in Toronto went on strike after rejecting a tentative contract deal, shutting down bus, streetcar and subway service in Canada's most populous city.
    (Reuters, 4/26/08)

2008        Apr 30, Canada pledged an extra C$50 million ($49.5 million) for international food aid and said it would also allow its money to be used to buy food abroad and not tie it to purchases of Canadian produce.
    (AP, 4/30/08)
2008        Apr 30, Syncrude Canada's operations were under investigation by environmental regulators after as many as 500 birds landed in the waste water in the oil sands region of northern Alberta.
    (Reuters, 5/1/08)

2008        May 1, A speeding tourist bus carrying dozens of Europeans and Canadians overturned, rolled off an embankment and burst into flames on a desert highway in Egypt's Sinai peninsula. At least nine passengers were killed and about 30 wounded.
    (AP, 5/1/08)

2008        May 3, Thousands of marijuana enthusiasts marched in downtown Toronto, many openly smoking the drug as part of a globally coordinated rally meant to celebrate cannabis culture and push for the drug's legalization.
    (AP, 5/3/08)

2008        May 5, Canada banned all smoking in federal prisons because a partial ban was largely ignored. The full effect of the ban would not be felt until hidden stockpiles of cigarettes are depleted.
    (Reuters, 5/6/08)

2008        May 6, Canadian researchers reported that suicide victims who were abused as children have clear genetic changes in their brains in a finding they said shows neglect can cause biological effects.
    (Reuters, 5/6/08)
2008        May 6, In Afghanistan a Canadian soldier was killed and another was wounded in a gun battle with insurgents near Kandahar city.
    (AFP, 5/7/08)

2008        May 12, The Canadian Federal Court said that Pakistan appears to have received a $500,000 bounty from the United States for the capture of Abdullah Khadr, a Canadian wanted on charges of working with al Qaeda against US forces in Afghanistan. Khadr was arrested in Pakistan in 2004 and sent back to Canada in 2005.
    (Reuters, 5/13/08)

2008        May 13, In Canada a helicopter with three people on board appeared to hover as if looking for a landing spot before it crashed onto a street and burst into flames in Cranbrook, British Columbia. A pedestrian Kenyan exchange student, was killed along with the 3 in the helicopter.
    (Reuters, 5/14/08)

2008        May 16, In Canada Nancy Michaud (37), a political aide in Quebec, was disappeared from her home in Riviere-Ouelle. Her body was found the next day in an abandoned home. Francis Proulx was charged with her murder.
    (www.thestar.com/News/Canada/article/427352)(SSFC, 4/19/09, p.A4)

2008        May 22, In Canada a shoe-clad foot was discovered on a small uninhabited island south of Vancouver in the Strait of Georgia, and is the fourth discovered in the region in the past 10 months. Police did not know where they are coming from.
    (Reuters, 5/23/08)
2008        May 22, Several companies agreed to pay a combined $24 million to pet owners to resolve lawsuits over contaminated pet food linked to the illness and death of animals. The settlement involving Canada-based Menu Foods Income Fund and other pet food manufacturers and suppliers was outlined in documents filed in the US District Court in New Jersey.
    (Reuters, 5/23/08)

2008        May 26, Canadian Foreign Minister Maxime Bernier resigned after it emerged he had left classified documents in the apartment of a former girlfriend who was once linked to organized crime figures.
    (Reuters, 5/26/08)

2008        May 28, In Canada police found the dead bodies of five adults and children in a suburban Calgary home. Media outlets reported they were Joshua Lall (34) an intern at an architectural firm, his wife Alison Lall (35), and daughters Kristen (5), Rochelle (3) and a tenant reported to be Amber Bowerman, who worked for a college newspaper. Police later said Joshua Lall committed the murders sparing only his one-year-old child.
    (AP, 5/30/08)(Reuters, 5/31/08)

2008        May 29, In Prince Albert, Saskatchewan, Canada, Chief Albert Mercredi spoke at the “national day of action" and denounced the premiers of the 4 western provinces for allowing mining development to pollute aboriginal air, land and water.
    (Econ, 6/14/08, p.50)

2008        Jun 3, General Motors said it is closing four truck and SUV plants in the U.S., Canada and Mexico as surging fuel prices hasten a dramatic shift to smaller vehicles.
    (AP, 6/3/08)
2008        Jun 3, In Afghanistan US General David McKiernan took over the 52,000-strong International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) at a ceremony in Kabul attended by President Hamid Karzai and a host of dignitaries. 2 Afghan security guards were killed when militants ambushed their convoy in the southern province of Zabul. In eastern Khost province unknown gunmen shot dead a district intelligence chief. A suicide car bomber targeting Canadian troops in Kandahar province killed one Afghan child. A Canadian officer was killed in Kandahar province when his foot patrol came under enemy fire. In southern Afghanistan US-led coalition forces killed more than a dozen insurgents.
    (AFP, 6/3/08)(Reuters, 6/4/08)(AP, 6/4/08)

2008        Jun 4, In Canada angry autoworkers blockaded the entrance to General Motors of Canada headquarters in Oshawa, Ontario, one day after GM said it would shut its Oshawa truck plant as well as 2 plants in the US and one in Mexico.
    (Reuters, 6/4/08)

2008        Jun 7, Canada said it had wrapped up free trade negotiations with Colombia and reached agreement on related labor and environmental issues.
    (Reuters, 6/7/08)
2008         Jun 7, In Afghanistan a Canadian soldier died after tumbling down a well while on night patrol. Capt. Jonathan Sutherland Snyder (26) was the 85th Canadian soldier, the third in a month, to die in Afghanistan since 2002.
    (http://tinyurl.com/6bu2q9)(Reuters, 6/8/08)

2008        Jun 11, Canada, addressing one of the darkest chapters in its history, formally apologized for forcing 150,000 aboriginal children into grim residential schools, where many said they were sexually and physically abused.
    (Reuters, 6/12/08)

2008        Jun 16, The Canadian government added the World Tamil Movement to its list of terrorist groups, describing it as a front organization that raised funds for the rebel Tamil Tigers fighting against the government in Sri Lanka.
    (Reuters, 6/16/08)
2008        Jun 16, The Canadian Auto Workers union ended its blockade of General Motors of Canada's headquarters in Oshawa, Ontario, allowing about 900 employees to return to work after nearly 13 days of protest, but it vowed to fight on.
    (AP, 6/16/08)

2008        Jun 19, Canada's national police laid criminal charges against former Nortel Networks Corp chief executive Frank Dunn and other onetime executives, claiming the men fraudulently misstated the telecom equipment maker's results.
    (Reuters, 6/19/08)

2008        Jun 23, Canada confirmed a new case of mad cow disease, its 13th since 2003, but said the case in British Columbia did not pose a health threat.
    (Reuters, 6/24/08)

2008        Jun 27, Canada's highest court allowed a native Indian-only fisheries on a key Pacific coast salmon river, rejecting a complaint the policy fostered racial discrimination.
    (Reuters, 6/27/08)

2008        Jul 7, In China Diana O'Brien (22), a Canadian model, was found murdered in her Shanghai apartment. On Jul 11 police arrested Chen Jun (18), who confessed to killing the woman during a robbery.
    (AP, 7/11/08)

2008        Jul 8, Boeing announced a deal with SkyHook Int’l., a private Canadian firm, to develop a heavy lift rotorcraft capable of carrying 4o tons.
    (Econ, 7/12/08, p.76)

2008        Jul 15, Robin Long (25), a US Army deserter who had fled to Canada in 2005, was deported from British Columbia back to the US.
    (SFC, 7/16/08, p.A9)

2008        Jul 30, In Canada Tim McLean (22), sleeping on a Greyhound bus was killed and decapitated by his seatmate, Vince Weiguang Li (40), as the bus rolled across the Canadian Prairies in Manitoba. On march 5, 2009, a judge ruled that Li would not be judged criminally responsible due to mental illness.
    (Reuters, 7/31/08)(AP, 8/1/08)(AP, 3/5/09)

2008        Jul, Fifty-five thousand jobs were lost in Canada this month, the biggest number since February 1991, principally the result of a struggling private sector in the country's central provinces.
    (Reuters, 8/8/08)

2008        Aug 2, Geoff Ballard (b.1932), founder of Ballard Power and advocate for fuel cells, died in Vancouver, Canada. In 1999 he had started General Hydrogen to explore ways to manufacture and market hydrogen as a fuel. Plug Power bought General Hydrogen in 2007 for $10 million.
    (SFC, 8/12/08, p.B5)

2008        Aug 3, In Canada a small plane crashed on Vancouver Island. Two survivors were pulled from the wreckage but five other people on the aircraft died.
    (Reuters, 8/4/08)

2008        Aug 7, It was reported that two subsidiaries of government-owned Dubai World have acquired a 20% stake in Canada’s circus operator Cirque du Soleil. In May the circus had agreed to perform on Palm Jumeirah, a man-made island, for 15 years starting in 2011.
    (SFC, 8/7/08, p.C2)

  2008        Aug 8, Joseph Bennett (43) of Canada tried to drive 58 bags containing 275,000 Ecstasy pills, estimated at $6.5 million in street value, into Port Huron, Michigan. In 2009 a federal judge in Detroit sentenced him to 7½ years in prison.
    (SFC, 6/25/09, p.A5)(http://tinyurl.com/koa934)

2008        Aug 10, In Canada explosions at a propane facility in Toronto forced thousands to evacuate. One firefighter died at the scene. A riot broke out and an officer was shot in the leg in a north Montreal neighborhood where a Honduran teenager (18) was shot and killed by police a day earlier.
    (SFC, 8/11/08, p.A3)(AP, 8/11/08)(SFC, 8/12/08, p.A3)

2008        Aug 15, In Canada employees at a Wal-Mart Stores Inc. outlet won an arbitrator-imposed contract, becoming the giant retailer's only location in North America with a collective agreement in place.
    (AP, 8/17/08)

2008        Aug 16, Carol Huynh, whose parents fled communist Vietnam in the 1970s, won Canada's first gold of the Olympics in the women's 48 kg freestyle wrestling. Usain Bolt of Jamaica was crowned the world's fastest man when he raced to victory in the Olympic men's 100 meters final in a world record time of 9.69 sec.
    (AP, 8/16/08)(AFP, 8/16/08)

2008        Aug 22, Canadian health officials said 3 people in Ontario have died in a food poisoning outbreak that may be linked to listeria bacteria in sandwich meat from one of the country's largest meat processors.
    (Reuters, 8/22/08)

2008        Aug 23, Public health officials in Canada said they have linked a deadly bacterial outbreak to recalled meat products from Maple Leaf Foods. At least 12 people died out of 26 confirmed cases of food poisoning.
    (AP, 8/24/08)(Reuters, 8/25/08)
2008        Aug 23, In Somalia 2 Western reporters were kidnapped near Mogadishu. The next day the National Union of Somali Journalists (NUSOJ) named them as Amanda Lindhout, a Canadian reporter based in Baghdad but freelancing for French television and Canada's Global National News, and Nigel Brennan, a freelance Australian photojournalist. Both were released after 15 months and arrived in Kenya on Nov 25, 2009. Brennan’s family mortgaged their house to raise his ransom.
    (Reuters, 8/24/08)(AP, 11/26/09)(Econ, 3/16/13, p.61)

2008        Sep 1, Thomas Bata (93), the Czech-born industrialist who headed the global shoe empire bearing his family's name from the 1940s to the 1980s, died in Toronto. The company's headquarters were moved to Toronto under Bata's leadership when the family's Czech factories were nationalized by the communists. The company returned to the Czech Republic in 1989 after the end of communist rule.
    (Reuters, 9/2/08)

2008        Sep 5, Canada joined the US and EU in imposing sanctions on Zimbabwe's authoritarian regime headed by President Robert Mugabe.
    (AP, 9/6/08)

2008        Sep 7, Canada’s PM Stephen Harper called an election for October 14 in a bid to strengthen his grip on power after 2-1/2 years in charge of a minority Conservative Party government.
    (Reuters, 9/7/08)
2008        Sep 7, In Afghanistan 2 suicide attackers detonated bombs inside the police headquarters in Kandahar city, killing six policemen. In southern Afghanistan a Canadian soldier was killed and seven wounded when their armored vehicle struck an explosive device while on patrol.
    (AP, 9/7/08)(Reuters, 9/8/08)

2008        Sep 17, Philip Morris International said that it succeeded in its tender offer to acquire Canada's No. 2 cigarette maker Rothmans Inc.
    (AP, 9/17/08)

2008        Oct 7, The Toronto stock exchange fell 401 points making a cumulative drop of 3942 points since Sep 1. As PM Harper spoke to reassure business people, Canadian autoworkers held a funeral march to mark the loss of some 67,000 jobs over the past year.
    (Econ, 10/11/08, p.51)

2008        Oct 8, Six central banks jolted markets by cutting interest rates together in an attempt to shore up confidence in the world's crisis-stricken financial system. The US Fed reduced its key rate from 2% to 1.5%. The Bank of England unexpectedly slashed its key lending rate by a half-point to 4.5%. The Bank of Canada cut its key interest rate by 50 basis points to 2.5%. China also cut its key interest rates for a second time in less than one month to 6.9%. The European Central Bank sliced its rate by half a point to 3.75%. Sweden, and Switzerland also cut rates. Earlier in a day Japan's Nikkei showed its biggest drop since the October, 1987 stock market crash. The IMF said the world economy is entering a major downturn.
    (AP, 10/8/08)(AFP, 10/8/08)(Econ, 10/11/08, p.100)

2008        Oct 10, Canada’s Finance Minister Jim Flaherty said Canada plans to buy up to C$25 billion in insured mortgages to help cushion banks from the global financial crisis and address a "scarcity" of private-sector lending.
    (Reuters, 10/10/08)

2008        Oct 12, In Afghanistan 62 militants, part of a group of 150 that had been seen massing outside of  Lashkar Gah for several days, were killed overnight in NATO air strikes that stopped them from entering the Helmand provincial capital. Taliban commander Mullah Qadratullah was among the dead. The US-led coalition killed five Taliban rebels in Ghazni. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) reporter Mellissa Fung (35) was kidnapped in Kabul. She was freed on Nov 8.
    (AP, 10/12/08)(AFP, 10/13/08)(SFC, 10/13/08, p.A11)(AFP, 11/9/08)

2008        Oct 14, Canadians voted in an election. Conservative PM Stephen Harper, the first Western leader to face the electorate since the start of the international economic meltdown, won reelection with a bolstered minority government. Some 59.1% of eligible Canadian voters went to the polls, breaking the previous record low turnout of just under 61% in 2004. The Liberal share of the popular vote fell to 26%.
    (AP, 10/14/08)(Reuters, 10/15/08)(Econ, 10/18/08, p.47)

2008        Oct 16, Canadian police said a bomb damaged a natural gas pipeline in British Columbia, describing the overnight attack as the second of its kind in the same area in a week.
    (Reuters, 10/16/08)

2008        Oct 17, Some 30 leaders of French-speaking nations attended a 3-day summit of French-speaking nations in Quebec City, Canada. The focus was dominated by the world's financial woes.
    (AFP, 10/17/08)

2008        Oct 19, Taliban militants stopped a bus traveling on Afghanistan's main highway in the Maiwand district of Kandahar province, captured some 50 people on board and killed 26 of them with at least 6 beheaded. International and Afghan forces killed 34 Taliban fighters south of the Helmand provincial capital of Lashkar Gah.  In early 2009 Canadian military police charged Captain Robert Semrau of shooting and killing a man, described by the military police, as a "presumed insurgent," on or about October 19, 2008.
    (AP, 10/19/08)(AP, 10/20/08)(AP, 10/24/08)(Reuters, 1/2/09)

2008        Oct 21, The Bank of Canada cut its key interest rate by a quarter point, less than expected, to 2.25 percent but said it would likely have to ease further to combat the effects of the global financial crisis.
    (Reuters, 10/21/08)

2008        Oct 22, The Canadian dollar tumbled to its lowest level versus the US dollar in more than three years as lower oil prices and a stronger greenback combined to knock the currency below 80 US cents.
    (AP, 10/22/08)

2008        Oct 23, Canada’s Finance Minister Jim Flaherty said the government would guarantee borrowing by the nation's banks to ease a lending crunch and keep them on equal footing with foreign competitors. The Bank of Canada said the global financial crisis, a US recession and falling commodity prices will bring Canada to the brink of a recession in late 2008 and early 2009.
    (Reuters, 10/23/08)

2008        Oct 29, Software engineer Momin Khawaja, a Canadian man who was the first to be charged under a tough new anti-terror law, was found guilty in a trial linked to a plot to carry out bomb attacks in Britain. On march 12, 2009, Khawaja was sentenced to 10-1/2 years in jail for his involvement in plans to bomb nightclubs, trains and a shopping center in Britain.
    (Reuters, 10/29/08)(AP, 3/12/09)

2008        Oct 31, In Canada an explosion damaged a natural gas wellhead in the same area of northeast British Columbia where two pipelines have been bombed this month.
    (Reuters, 10/31/08)

2008        Nov 10, In Japan a California-based computer scientist, a Canadian philosophy professor and a Canadian molecular biologist each received US$500,000 at an awards ceremony for this year's Kyoto Prizes for achievement in the arts and sciences.
    (AP, 11/10/08)

2008        Nov 12, The Canadian government  announced a series of steps to improve the availability of long-term credit including the purchase of C$50 billion ($40 billion) more in insured mortgages from banks.
    (Reuters, 11/12/08)

2008        Nov 13, China signed an agreement in Geneva to loosen controls on financial news providers in an out-of-court settlement of a dispute with the US, the EU and Canada.
    (AP, 11/13/08)

2008        Nov 16, On Canada's Pacific coast 7 people were killed and one was injured when the charter plane they were flying in crashed on Thormanby Island.
    (AP, 11/17/08)

2008        Nov 20, A meteor streaked across the sky of the Canadian Prairies producing a fire ball that shone brightly enough to be seen over an area 700 km (435 miles) wide. Searchers soon found the remains of the 10-ton meteor.
    (AP, 11/28/08)

2008        Nov 21, Canada and Colombia signed a free trade agreement, hoping to boost investment and trade flows at a time of global economic instability.
    (AP, 11/22/08)

2008        Nov 30, In Canada  three opposition parties reached a tentative deal to defeat the minority Conservative government and then put together a coalition.
    (Reuters, 12/1/08)

2008        Dec 1, A 12-day UN climate conference opened in Poznan, Poland. During the conference Chief Bill Erasmus of the Dene nation in northern Canada brought a stark warning about the climate crisis: The once abundant herds of caribou are dwindling, rivers are running lower and the ice is too thin to hunt on.
    (www.environmentalleader.com/2008/12/01/un-climate-talks-kicks-off-in-poznan/)

2008        Dec 2, Canadian governor-general Michaelle Jean, the acting head of state, said she would cut short a foreign trip to help resolve one of the worst political crises in Canada's history.
    (AP, 12/2/08)
2008        Dec 2, Ted Rogers (75), founder of Rogers Communications, died in Toronto. He transformed a single FM radio station into a North American broadcasting, publishing and wireless telecommunications conglomerate.
    (AP, 12/2/08)

2008        Dec 4, Canada’s PM Stephen Harper won a rare suspension of Parliament, managing to avoid being ousted by opposition parties angry over the minority Conservative government's economic plans and an attempt to cut off party financing.
    (Reuters, 12/4/08)

2008        Dec 5, In Afghanistan 3 Canadian soldiers were killed by a massive bomb, bringing to 100 the number who have lost their lives since the country's military mission there started in 2002.
    (AP, 12/6/08)

2008        Dec 8, Quebec's ruling Liberals strengthened their grip on power in a provincial election, winning a parliamentary majority and defeating separatists who want independence for the predominantly French-speaking Canadian province.
    (Reuters, 12/9/08)

2008        Dec 9, The Bank of Canada unexpectedly cut its key interest rate by three-quarters of a percentage point to a 50-year low of 1.50 percent and declared the Canadian economy to be in a recession.
    (AP, 12/9/08)
2008        Dec 9, The European Union and Canada reached a deal to open their aviation markets to each other by removing restrictions on direct flights and foreign ownership in airlines.
    (AP, 12/9/08)

2008        Dec 13, Britain’s PM Gordon Brown paid a surprise visit to Afghanistan, where he spoke to troops battling the Taliban and held talks with President Hamid Karzai. 3 Canadian soldiers were killed and one wounded in southern Afghanistan when an explosive device detonated near the armored car in which they were riding.
    (AFP, 12/13/08)(Reuters, 12/14/08)

2008        Dec 14, On the Niger-Mali border Tuareg rebels of the Front for the Forces of Redress (FFR) kidnapped Robert Fowler, a Canadian UN special envoy, and Louis Guay, a Canadian diplomat, along with their local driver. Days later the FFR made contradictory statements both claiming and condemning responsibility. On March, 2009, rebels released the driver. The Canadian diplomats were released in April, 2009.
    (AP, 12/16/08)(http://tinyurl.com/djsmd7)(AP, 4/23/09)

2008        Dec 18, Canada’s PM Harper said Canada will break a 12-year string of budget surpluses and run a deficit of as much as $30 billion next year to kick-start the economy.
    (Reuters, 12/19/08)

2008        Dec 20, The Canadian and Ontario governments announced they would follow the US in providing C$4 billion ($3.3 billion) in emergency loans to the Canadian arms of Detroit's ailing automakers to keep them operating while they restructure their businesses.
    (Reuters, 12/20/08)

2008        Dec 28, In Canada eight snowmobilers were killed as they were hit by a pair of avalanches in southeast British Columbia. 3 men survived.
    (AP, 12/30/08)(AP, 12/31/08)

2008        Canada raised its heterosexual age of consent from 14 to 16.
    (Econ, 11/15/14, p.62)
2008        In Alberta, Canada, the opposition Wildrose Party was founded by disaffected Conservatives who wanted the government to rein in spending and taxes.
    (Econ., 5/2/15, p.30)
2008        The first Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) began in Canada as an online computing course. By 2012 MOOCS were offering college students lectures for a fraction of the cost of attending a university.
    (Econ, 6/28/14, p.21)

2009        Jan 5, The Vatican said that Bishop Allen H. Vigneron will replace Cardinal Adam Joseph Maida at the head of the Detroit archdiocese. The pope also named the auxiliary bishop of Halifax, Claude Champagne, as the new bishop of Edmundston in Canada. Benedict appointed the Rev. Cirilo Flores as new auxiliary bishop of Orange, California.
    (AP, 1/5/09)

2009        Jan 10, Australian police said a Canadian man has been charged with trying to smuggle more than two million dollars (1.4 million US) worth of cocaine inside forklift battery cells into Australia from Mexico.
    (AFP, 1/11/09)

2009        Jan 14, Canada’s Nortel Networks Corp, North America's biggest telephone equipment maker, filed for bankruptcy, hoping to save a once high-flying business whose decade-long decline has accelerated with the global economic crisis.
    (Reuters, 1/14/09)

2009        Jan 20, The Bank of Canada cut its key interest rate by a half-point to a fresh 50-year low of 1 percent, as expected, and predicted a period of falling prices this year as an economic recession takes hold.
    (AP, 1/20/09)

2009        Jan 21, President Barack Obama's first public act in office was to institute new limits on lobbyists in his White House and to freeze the salaries of high-paid aides, in a nod to the country's economic turmoil. A judge quickly granted President Barack Obama's request to suspend the war crimes trial at Guantanamo of a young Canadian in what may be the beginning of the end for the Bush administration's system of trying alleged terrorists. Obama took the oath of office again with Chief Justice John Roberts to correct the previous day’s initial flub in wording.
    (AP, 1/21/09)

2009        Jan 27, Canada's Conservative government unveiled a two-year C$40 billion ($32 billion) stimulus package to help pull the economy out of recession, laying out plans for a budget deficit for the first time after 11 straight years of surplus.
    (Reuters, 1/27/09)

2009        Feb 6, It was reported that Canada has granted Lai Changxing a work permit. Chinese authorities have accused Lai Changxing of masterminding a network that smuggled as much as $10 billion of goods with the protection of corrupt government officials. Before fleeing to Canada in 1999, Lai lived a life of luxury in China complete with a mansion and a bulletproof Mercedes.
    (AP, 2/10/09)

2009        Feb 9, In Montreal, Canada, researchers said that an Indevus Pharmaceuticals gel formulated to protect women from the virus that causes AIDS appeared to protect about a third of them from infection, the first time a so-called microbicide has been shown to work.
    (AP, 2/9/09)

2009        Feb 12, Canada said its federal police will no longer use stun guns against suspects merely resisting arrest or refusing to cooperate because the guns can cause death. At least 20 Canadians have died after being zapped by stun guns.
    (SFC, 2/13/09, p.A4)
2009        Feb 12, In Canada Timothy Scott (22), a US Marine wanted for abandoning his unit, shot himself to death outside his mother’s home in Nova Scotia after police tried to talk him out of firing a gun. Scott had already served 2 terms in Iraq.
    (SSFC, 2/15/09, p.A6)

2009        Feb 19, Barack Obama made his first foreign trip as president to Canada where he sought to quell Canadian concerns about US protectionism.
    (AP, 2/19/09)

2009        Feb 20, The Canadian units of General Motors Corp and Chrysler sought as much as C$10 billion ($8 billion) in aid from the Canadian and Ontario governments as they fought to survive an industry wide crisis.
    (AP, 2/21/09)

2009        Feb 25, Attorney General Eric Holder said US and Mexican authorities have arrested 750 people over 21 months in an anti-drug sweep that included 52 members of Mexico's Sinaloa drug cartel. The crackdown culminated 50 overnight raids. It investigated crimes in the United States, Mexico and Canada, netted some 59 million dollars in cash, 12,000 kilos (12 tons) of cocaine, 544 kilos (1,200 pounds) of methamphetamine and 1.3 million Ecstasy pills.
    (AFP, 2/25/09)(WSJ, 2/26/09, p.A6)

2009        Feb 26, In Canada PM Harper announced a new law to crack down on a wave of gang-related murders in Vancouver, which was preparing to host the 2010 Winter Olympic Games.
    (SFC, 2/27/09, p.A2)

2009        Mar 3, Canadian banks cut their prime lending rates after the Bank of Canada, the country's central bank, cut its key interest rate by a half-point to a record low of 0.5 percent.
    (Reuters, 3/3/09)
2009        Mar 3, In southern Afghanistan 3 Canadian soldiers were killed and two wounded in a bomb blast in Arghandab, northwest of Kandahar.
    (AFP, 3/4/09)

2009        Mar 12, In Canada 17 people died in the frigid waters off Canada's Atlantic coast after a Sikorsky S-92 helicopter crashed while ferrying workers to an offshore oil platform. It went down about 47 nautical miles southeast of the Newfoundland and Labrador capital of St. John's. One person was rescued.
    (Reuters, 3/12/09)(Reuters, 3/13/09)

2009        Mar 16, In northern Mexico a tractor-trailer slammed into a bus carrying Canadian and US tourists, killing 11. The bus was carrying a group of Texas retirees from McAllen, Texas, to the northern Mexican state of Zacatecas when a drunken driver lost control of his tractor-trailer outside the city of Saltillo.
    (AP, 3/17/09)(WSJ, 3/18/09, p.A10)

2009        Mar 17, In Canada more than 100 protesters chanted "war criminal" and flung shoes in Calgary, angry that former US President George W. Bush was in the city to give his first speech since leaving the White House.
    (Reuters, 3/17/09)

2009        Mar 18, Natasha Richardson (45). British actress, died in NYC from a severe brain injury in a skiing accident in Canada earlier this week.
    (Reuters, 3/19/09)

2009        Mar 20, Afghanistan's top Muslim clerics urged President Hamid Karzai to push ahead with a proposal for talks with the Taliban that would be mediated by Saudi Arabia's King Abdullah. In northern Afghanistan 9 policemen and a district chief were killed in heavy fighting with Taliban insurgents. 4 Canadian troops and a local interpreter were killed in two separate explosions. Another NATO soldier was killed in a "hostile incident" in the south.
    (AP, 3/20/09)(AFP, 3/20/09)(Reuters, 3/21/09)

2009        Mar 23, Canadian officials declared the nation’s annual seal hunt open, despite a potential EU ban on the import of seal products.
    (SFC, 3/24/09, p.A2)
2009        Mar 23, Suncor Energy Inc, Canada's No.2 oil company, agreed to buy rival Petro-Canada for about C$18.43 billion ($14.86 billion) to expand its oil sand reserves and create the country's biggest energy group.
    (Reuters, 3/23/09)

2009        Mar 25, Garth Drabinsky and Myron Gottlieb, Canadian theater impresarios from a company called Livent, were convicted of fraud. They had been indicted in the US in 1999 and fled to Canada, where they were charged in 2002. Six former Livent accountants testified in the trial, saying they were ordered to inflate income and profit documentation.
    (Econ, 4/4/09, p.44)(http://news.yahoo.com/s/playbill/20090325/en_playbill/127701)

2009        Mar 29, Canadian researchers said a shadowy cyber-espionage network based mostly in China has infiltrated secret government and private computers around the world, including those of the Dalai Lama. They said the network, known as GhostNet, had infected 1,295 computers in 103 countries and penetrated systems containing sensitive information in top political, economic and media offices.
    (AP, 3/29/09)

2009        Apr 2, The annual Canadian harp seal hunt opened. Up to 280,000 baby seals were expected to be slaughtered in Quebec and Newfoundland.
    (http://network.bestfriends.org/canada/news/13925.html)(SFC, 4/18/09, p.D12)

2009        Apr 4, In Sudan armed men in the Darfur kidnapped two aid workers Claire Dubois of France and Canadian Stephanie Jodoin, of Aid Medicale International (AMI). They were seized from their compound in the south Darfur settlement of Ed el Fursan. Both women were released on April 29.
    (AFP, 4/5/09)(Reuters, 4/12/09)(AP, 4/30/09)

2009        Apr 8, In Canada Tori Stafford (8) was kidnapped outside her school in Woodstock, Ontario. In 2012 Terri-Lynne McClintic admitted she had kidnapped Tori and delivered her to her boyfriend Michael Rafferty, who raped the child. McClintic said she then battered the girl to death with a claw hammer. On May 11, 2012, a jury in London, Ontario, found Rafferty (31) guilty of first degree murder, kidnapping and sexual assault, dismissing his girlfriend's testimony that she alone was responsible for killing Tori Stafford.
    (Reuters, 5/11/12)

2009        Apr 16, In northern Nigeria a Canadian woman was seized in the city of Kaduna where she had been attending an international conference. Julie Mulligan (45) was freed unharmed in the northern city of Kaduna on April 29.
    (AP, 4/18/09)(Reuters, 4/30/09)

2009        Apr 17, Canadian police, acting on a tip-off from the United States, charged a Toronto man with trying to illegally export nuclear technology to Iran. The Royal Canadian Mounted Police said Mahmoud Yadegari had attempted to obtain pressure transducers, devices that are used to make enriched uranium but can also have military applications.
    (Reuters, 4/17/09)

2009        Apr 21, The Bank of Canada cut its benchmark interest rate to an historic low of 0.25% and made no explicit commitment on taking nonconventional measures to spur the economy even as it predicted a deeper-than-expected recession.
    (Reuters, 4/21/09)

2009        Apr 24, The Canadian Auto Workers union and Chrysler Canada reached a tentative concession deal that would cut about C$19 ($15.70) an hour from labor costs in a bid to keep the struggling automaker from bankruptcy.
    (Reuters, 4/24/09)

2009        Apr 25, It was reported the Behrad Khamesee and colleagues at the Univ. of Waterloo in Ontario, Canada, have built a micro-robot with gripper arms that levitates.
    (Econ, 4/25/09, p.85)

2009        Apr 26, Canada reported its first confirmed cases of swine flu at opposite ends of the country, with two cases in the western province of British Columbia and four in the Atlantic province of Nova Scotia.
    (Reuters, 4/26/09)

2009        Apr 27, America, Canada, Europe and Japan promised to cooperate on validating alternatives to using animals in medical research. An estimated 50-100 million animals were used in research annually around the world.
    (Econ, 5/9/09, p.18)

2009        Apr 30, Chrysler filed for bankruptcy protection after overnight talks broke down with a small group of the company's creditors. Canada's government said it will take an ownership stake in Chrysler in exchange for more than $2 billion in loans, under a sweeping North American rescue plan. Ottawa and Washington demanded the Detroit company partner with Fiat as a condition for funding.
    (AP, 4/30/09)(Reuters, 5/1/09)

2009        May 2, Canadian health officials said a traveler has carried the new H1N1 virus from Mexico to Canada, infecting his family and a herd of swine.
    (Reuters, 5/2/09)
2009        May 2, It was reported that an estimated 250,000 Roma lived in the Czech Rep. A rising number of the gypsies were applying for visas to Canada. Of 861 applications in 2008, 84 were accepted.
    (Econ, 5/2/09, p.54)

2009        May 5, The European Parliament voted to ban imports of seal products, including fur coats and even omega-3 pills, trying to force Canada to end the annual seal hunt that animal rights groups call barbaric.
    (AP, 5/5/09)

2009        May 6, Canada and the EU signed an "open skies" pact under which airlines from the two trading partners will be able to fly freely between any airport in the 27-country EU and any in Canada.
    (Reuters, 5/6/09)

2009        May 8, In Canada a provincial medical official said a woman from Alberta has died from the H1N1 flu virus, making her the first Canadian to die from the virus.
    (Reuters, 5/8/09)

2009        May 22, A Canadian court found Desire Munyaneza (42), a Rwandan man, guilty of genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes for his role in the 1994 Rwanda genocide, making him the first person convicted under Canada's war crimes act. Munyaneza arrived in Canada in 1997 and unsuccessfully tried to claim refugee status. Police subsequently launched an investigation and arrested him in 2005. On Oct 29 Munyaneza was sentenced to 25 years in prison before becoming eligible for parole.
    (Reuters, 5/22/09)(Reuters, 10/29/09)
2009        May 22, A Toronto-area man (21) convicted of belonging to a group plotting al Qaeda-inspired attacks on Canadian landmarks was sentenced to 2-1/2 years in jail, the first sentence handed out in the so-called "Toronto 18" case. He has already spent two years in custody and will likely be released soon due to credit for time already served.
    (Reuters, 5/24/09)

2009        May 27, Alice Munro (77), Canadian short writer, won the Man Booker international prize.
    (Econ, 5/30/09, p.86)

2009        May 30, It was reported that some 135 gangs in Vancouver, Canada, were believed to fighting over drug business estimated at US$6.2 billion a year.
    (Econ, 5/30/09, p.38)
2009        May 30, German Chancellor Angela Merkel said General Motors Corp. will sell its Opel unit and other European assets to Canada's Magna International Inc. in a deal that would protect the assets from GM's likely bankruptcy.
    (AP, 5/30/09)

2009        Jun 1, Effective today border crossings to US entry points from Canada required passports or other approved identification to be shown.
    (Econ, 5/30/09, p.37)
2009        Jun 1, General Motors filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection as part of the Obama administration's plan to shrink the automaker to a sustainable size and give a majority ownership stake to the federal government. GM assets were valued at $82.2 billion with liabilities at $172 billion. The US government planned to receive 60.8% of GM stock, Canada’s government 11.7%, the UAW’s trust 17.5% and bondholders 10%. GM said it will permanently close nine more plants and idle three others to trim production and labor costs under bankruptcy protection. GM was expected to lose 14 factories, 29,000 workers and 2,400 dealers.
    (AP, 6/1/09)(Econ, 6/6/09, p.9,60, 62)

2009        Jun 13, Algeria's national oil company Sonatrach announced it had awarded a 79.3-billion-dinar (1.11-billion-dollar, 793-million-euro) contract to the Canadian engineering firm SNC-Lavalin to build natural gas processing facilities.
    (AFP, 6/13/09)

2009        Jun 18, Canadian officials said about 70,000 harbor seals were killed in this year’s hunt out of a commercial quota of 273,000 animals. The 7-month hunt had ended earlier this week.
    (SFC, 6/19/09, p.A2)

2009        Jun 22, In Toronto, Canada, garbage collectors, daycare workers and other municipal employees went on strike in a contract dispute that could lead to a prolonged shutdown of important services.
    (AP, 6/22/09)

2009        Jun 26, Canadian citizen Abousfian Abdelrazik, accused by the UN of being linked to al Qaeda, flew out of Sudan after a court order ended his six-year exile in Khartoum. Abdelrazik was born in Sudan and gained Canadian citizenship in 1995 after entering the country as a refugee. He returned to Sudan in 2003 to visit his sick mother and was arrested and held by Sudanese authorities on two occasions.
    (Reuters, 6/26/09)

2009        Jun 28, It was reported that bark beetles were killing millions of pine trees from Colorado to Canada. Over 7 million acres of forest in the US have been declared all but dead. 22 million more acres were expected to die over the next 15 years.
    (SSFC, 6/28/09, p.A16)

2009        Jul 2, Canada said it has forgiven C$2.3 million in debt owed by Haiti as part of a plan that aims to relieve the world's poorest countries of C$1.3 billion in debt.
    (Reuters, 7/2/09)

2009        Jul 4, In Canada an explosion damaged a natural gas pipeline in northeast British Columbia, the sixth attack on an energy facility in that area in recent months. In a letter to a local newspaper the bomber gave EnCana until mid-October to cease operations in the area, or face larger attacks.
    (Reuters, 7/4/09)(Econ, 8/15/09, p.32)

2009        Jul 7, Canadian officials said they had identified yet another new flu virus, this one a mixture of human and swine influenzas, in two farm workers in Western Canada.
    (Reuters, 7/8/09)

2009        Jul 11, In Brazil the body of Arturo Gatti (37), former Canadian boxing champion, was found in a hotel room at the northeastern Porto de Galinhas resort. He was apparently strangled with the strap of a purse, which was found at the scene with blood stains. His wife, Amanda Rodrigues (23), was soon taken into custody after contradictions in her interrogation. A police inquiry later concluded that he committed suicide using the strap of a rucksack on a staircase in the early hours of the morning.
    (AP, 7/12/09)(Reuters, 7/31/09)

2009        Jul 15, The EU urged Canada to restore visa-free travel for Czech visitors, removed by Ottawa after hundreds of Roma from the central European country sought asylum.
    (Reuters, 7/15/09)

2009        Jul 17, Russia said it would lift a ban on live pigs and raw pork imports from the US state of Wisconsin and Canada's Ontario province from July 18 due to what it said was a "stabilization" of the situation of the H1N1 virus in those places.
    (Reuters, 7/17/09)

2009        Jul 18, In Canada wind and dry conditions fueled large blazes that broke out in the rugged hills along Okanagan Lake west of the city of Kelowna, British Columbia, where housing subdivisions have encroached on the surrounding forest in recent years.
    (AP, 7/20/09)

2009        Jul 21, In Delaware creditors charged in a court filing that racetrack operator Magna Entertainment Corp fraudulently transferred more than $125 million to companies controlled by Canadian billionaire Frank Stronach before filing for bankruptcy.
    (Reuters, 7/22/09)
2009        Jul 21, In Afghanistan Taliban militants attacked three government buildings in Gardez and a US base near Jalalabad and  in near-simultaneous attacks, a signature of major Taliban assaults. Eight insurgents and six Afghan security forces died. Canadian troops were involved in two shooting incidents in southern Afghanistan, killing a girl and wounding three policemen.
    (AP, 7/21/09)(AP, 7/23/09)

2009        Jul 24, Via Rail, Canada's national passenger rail service, said it was shutting down service after mediated talks with the Teamsters union failed to resolve a contract dispute, and locomotive engineers walked off the job.
    (Reuters, 7/24/09)

2009        Jul 25, Swedish wireless equipment maker LM Ericsson said it had penned a deal to buy a majority of Nortel Networks' North American wireless business for $1.13 billion.
    (AP, 7/25/09)

2009        Jul 27, In Canada union officials in Toronto said they had reached a tentative deal to settle a civic workers strike that had halted garbage collection and many other city services for more than a month.
    (Reuters, 7/27/09)
2009        Jul 27, European Union nations gave their final approval to a ban on imports of seal products in an effort to force Canada to end its annual seal hunt.
    (AP, 7/27/09)

2009        Jul 27, In Ethiopia Bashir Ahmed Makhtal (36), an Ethiopian-born Canadian citizen, was found guilty of being a member of a rebel group fighting for autonomy for an ethnically Somali part of the country. Bashir was convicted of membership in the ONLF and supporting terrorism in Ogaden, and could face the death penalty. His grandfather was a founder of the ONLF. On August 3 he was sentenced to life in prison for terrorism-related charges.
    (Reuters, 7/27/09)(AP, 8/3/09)

2009        Jul 30, A Libyan officials said Libya and Canada have signed a memorandum of intent on nuclear power. Since July 2007, Libya has signed three similar agreements with France, Russia and Ukraine.
    (AFP, 7/30/09)

2009        Aug 1, In Canada a fierce thunderstorm caused an outdoor stage to collapse at the Big Valley Jamboree in Camrose, a country music festival in central Alberta. One person was killed and up to 40 others injured.
    (AP, 8/2/09)

2009        Aug 3, Karlheinz Schreiber (75), a German-Canadian arms dealer and key figure in a political party financing scandal involving former Chancellor Helmut Kohl, was extradited to Germany from Canada to face criminal charges after losing a decade-long court battle. He  was key figure in a funding scandal which badly damaged Chancellor Angela Merkel's conservatives a decade ago. Schreiber was arrested in Canada about 10 years ago, and is wanted by prosecutors in Augsburg for tax evasion, fraud and bribery.
    (AP, 8/3/09)(Reuters, 8/3/09)

2009        Aug 10, Canada’s Nortel Networks said its chief executive would step down immediately and its board would shrink from nine directors to just three as the bankrupt telecom equipment maker sheds its major assets.
    (Reuters, 8/10/09)

2009        Aug 11, Canada signed a free trade deal with Panama and said it wanted to conclude more such agreements, given that talks to open up the global trading system were going nowhere.
    (Reuters, 8/11/09)

2009        Aug 13, It was reported that millions of sockeye salmon have disappeared mysteriously from the Fraser river on Canada's Pacific Coast. It was once known as the world's most fertile spawning ground for sockeye. Up to 10.6 million bright-red sockeye salmon were expected to return to spawn this summer. The latest estimates say fewer than 1 million have returned. The Canadian government has closed the river to commercial and recreational sockeye fishing for the third straight year, hitting the livelihood of nearby Indian reserves.
    (Reuters, 8/13/09)

2009        Aug 15, Canada said it will pay some farmers to stop raising hogs and offer loans to help others restructure, assistance that drew praise from Canadian hog farmers and concerns from a top US farmer group.
    (Reuters, 8/15/09)
2009        Aug 15, In southern California the body of Jasmine Fiore (28), a swimsuit model, was found stuffed in a suitcase and dumped into a trash bin in Orange County. Her husband Ryan Alexander Jenkins (32), a reality TV show contestant and CEO of Skyhomes in Calgary, Canada, reported her missing the same day. On Aug 20 Jenkins was charged with murder and believed to be hiding in Canada. On Aug 23 Jenkins was found dead of apparent suicide in a motel in Hope, British Columbia.
    (SFC, 8/20/09, p.A5)(SFC, 8/20/09, p.A9)(Reuters, 8/24/09)

2009        Sep 10, Guy Laliberte, the Canadian billionaire founder of the Cirque du Soleil, said that he aims to read a statement to the world about the planet's water problems after taking a Russian rocket to the space station. Laliberte and two others will blast off Sep 30 from the Russian space program's Baikonur launch facility in Kazakhstan. He said his reading from space will be part of several shows in 14 cities around the world beginning Oct 9.
    (AP, 9/10/09)
2009        Sep 10, GM announced that it agreed to the sale of 55% of Ruesselsheim-based Adam Opel and Vauxhall unit to Canadian auto parts maker Magna International Inc. and Russian lender Sberbank. Detroit-based GM will keep a 35% stake and continue to work with Opel on developing vehicles, sharing technology and engineering resources.
    (AP, 9/11/09)

2009        Sep 17, Ugandan cricket authorities said Six Ugandan cricketers are missing in Canada after playing in a qualifying tournament for next year's World Cup.
    (AP, 9/17/09)

2009        Sep 18, Canada-based oil producer Verenex Energy Inc. agreed to be sold to the Libyan Investment Authority for about $314.1 million Canadian ($293.7 million) in cash, after a better deal with a Chinese firm fell through.
    (AP, 9/20/09)

2009        Sep 21, Coca Cola chose the hip-hop song “Wavin’ Flag" by Somali-born singer K’naan (31) as the anthem for the coming World Cup in South Africa. Born Keynaan Warsame in Somalia’s seaside capital, Mogadishu, he is now a citizen of Canada.
    (www.thecoca-colacompany.com/presscenter/nr_20090921_fifa_world_cup.html)

2009        Sep 23, In Canada the Globe and Mail said Ford Motor Co's Canadian subsidiary faces a $1.8 billion shortfall in its pension plan, citing a company letter to employees and retirees.
    (Reuters, 9/23/09)

2009        Sep 28, Canada’s train maker Bombardier Transportation says its Chinese joint venture has been awarded a $4 billion contract to build 80 high-speed trains for China's railway ministry.
    (AP, 9/28/09)
2009        Sep 28, In Mexico 2 Canadian men were shot to death in execution-style slayings outside an apartment building in the Mexican resort of Puerto Vallarta. Gordon Douglas Kendall and Jeffrey Ronald Ivans were believed to be involved in the drug trade. In Michoacan state police arrested three federal agents for allegedly passing information to organized crime.
    (AP, 9/28/09)(SFC, 9/29/09, p.A2)

2009        Sep 30, In Kazakhstan Canadian circus billionaire Guy Laliberte blasted off in a Russian Soyuz spaceship to become the world's seventh space tourist.
    (Reuters, 9/30/09)

2009        Oct 1, In Canada Said Nomad (36), a Moroccan citizen living in Quebec since 2003, was convicted in Montreal of plotting attacks in Germany and Austria to get NATO nations to withdraw troops from Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 10/2/09, p.A2)

2009        Oct 2, In Canada "Toronto 18" member Mohamed Dirie was sentenced to seven years in jail for his role in a plot to bomb Toronto landmarks in 2006, the second member of the group to be given jail time.
    (AP, 10/3/09)

2009        Oct 6, Mongolia signed a long-awaited deal with partners Rio Tinto and Canada’s Ivanhoe Mines to develop a $4 billion Oyu Tolgoi gold and copper mine after a heated national debate over how to exploit the country's mineral wealth. In September 2011 members of parliament signed a petition asking the government to reopen negotiations on the investment agreement that set the $10 billion project in motion.
    (AP, 10/29/09)(www.ivanhoemines.com/s/Home.asp)(Econ, 10/8/11, p.79)

2009        Oct 8, In Canada Zakaria Amara (23), described by prosecutors as the leader of a group that planned al Qaeda-style bombings of Toronto landmarks in 2006, pleaded guilty to bomb charges, the fifth member of the so-called "Toronto 18" group to have admitted guilt or to have been found guilty.
    (Reuters, 10/9/09)

2009        Oct 9, Japanese officials said they have obtained rights to develop platinum mines in South Africa and Botswana in a bid to ensure a stable supply of the metal. The government-backed Japan Oil, Gas and Metals National Corp. (JOGMEC) said it has signed a contract with Discovery Metals in Australia to jointly develop nickel and platinum mines in northeast Botswana. It has also inked another deal with Canadian firm Platinum Group Metals to explore for platinum in South Africa.
    (AFP, 10/9/09)

2009        Oct 11, The Russian Soyuz capsule carrying Cirque du Soleil founder Guy Laliberte and two other space travelers landed safely in Kazakhstan, ending the entertainment tycoon's mirthful space odyssey.
    (AP, 10/11/09)

2009        Oct 13, Activists from Congo, Rene Ngongo (48), and New Zealand, Alyn Ware (47), and an Ethiopia-based doctor from Australia, Catherine Hamlin (85), won the Right Livelihood Award, also known as the "alternative Nobel," for work to protect rain forests, improve women's health and rid the world of nuclear weapons. The honorary part of the award, without prize money, went to Canadian environmentalist David Suzuki (73) for raising awareness of climate change. Each will receive euro50,000 (US$74,000).
    (AP, 10/13/09)

2009        Oct 16, Canada detained the rusting merchant vessel named Ocean Lady, believed to be trying to smuggle 76 migrants from Sri Lanka onto its Pacific coast at Vancouver Island.
    (Reuters, 10/17/09)

2009        Oct 23, In Canada a judge in Winnipeg acquitted Kyle Unger (38) of the 1990 murder of Brigitte Grenier (16). DNA tests in 2005 showed that hair on the victim came from somebody else. Unger had spent 13 years in jail before he was granted bail in 2005.
    (SFC, 10/24/09, p.A2)

2009        Oct 27, Stanko Grmovsek (40) a Canadian man, pleaded guilty to US and Canadian criminal charges stemming from a 14-year insider trading scheme, a day after his alleged accomplice, Bay Street lawyer Gil Cornblum, apparently committed suicide.
    (Reuters, 10/27/09)
2009        Oct 27, In Canada 2 coyotes attacked and killed Taylor Mitchell (19), a singer-songwriter from Toronto, as she hiked alone in Cape Breton Highlands National Park in Nova Scotia.
    (SFC, 10/29/09, p.A2)

2009        Oct 29, Mongolia's parliament confirmed Batbold Sukhbaatar, one of the country's wealthiest men as the new prime minister. The former foreign minister pledged to continue the pro-business policies of his predecessor Bayar Sanjaa, who stepped down as prime minister this week after seeking treatment for liver problems. Batbold made his fortune between 1992 and 2000 as head of the trading company Altai Trading Co. Ltd., which formed a gold mining joint venture with Canadian Centerra Gold Inc.
    (AP, 10/29/09)

2009        Oct 30, In Canada an Ontario judge approved the transfer of Canwest Global's flagship National Post newspaper into a new holding company, a move that will allow the money-losing daily to keep operating.
    (Reuters, 10/31/09)
2009        Oct 30, In Canada a section of the mine about 500 meters (1,600 feet) below the surface flooded at the Bachelor Lake gold mine of Metanor Resources Inc. in northwestern Quebec. The bodies of all three missing miners were recovered after 3 days.
    (Reuters, 11/3/09)

2009        Oct 31, In Canada 2 men sought by the FBI and linked to a Detroit Muslim leader killed by US authorities were arrested in Windsor, Ontario. Mohammad Al-Sahli (33) and Yassir Ali Kahn (30) were wanted by the FBI for conspiracy to commit federal crimes.
    (Reuters, 10/31/09)

2009        Nov 4, In Canada senior health officials in Alberta said they had fired an unidentified worker for giving National Hockey League players preferential access to the H1N1 flu vaccine.
    (AP, 11/5/09)

2009        Nov 6, Toronto, Canada, was awarded the 2015 Pan American Games by beating Bogota, Colombia and Lima, Peru on the first ballot in a vote in Guadalajara, Mexico.
    (Reuters, 11/7/09)

2009        Nov 9, General Motors said that it would invest C$90 million ($85.1 million) to expand a joint venture plant in Canada where it builds the Chevrolet Equinox and GMC Terrain crossovers.
    (Reuters, 11/9/09)

2009        Nov 15, British officials said PM Gordon Brown will apologize to thousands of British children who were shipped to new lives overseas, where many say they suffered neglect and abuse. Thousands of poor British children were sent to Australia, Canada and other former colonies under the Child Migrants Program, which ended in the 1960s. Many ended up in institutions or as farm laborers. The British government has estimated that a total of 150,000 British children may have been shipped abroad between 1618 — when a group was sent to the Virginia Colony — and 1967, most of them from the late 19th century onwards.
    (AP, 11/15/09)

2009        Nov 20, Canada’s TD Bank was hit with a multimillion-dollar lawsuit calling it the "financial epicenter" of an alleged Ponzi scheme run by disgraced Florida lawyer Scott Rothstein.
    (Reuters, 11/20/09)

2009        Nov 23, The US Consumer Product Safety Commission recalled of 2.1 million cribs following links to 4 infant suffocations. The drop-side cribs were made by Stork Craft Manufacturing of Canada.
    (AP, 11/24/09)

2009        Nov 25, The Canadian dollar rose to a one-week high against the US dollar after the Russian central bank said it was preparing to invest some of its foreign exchange reserves in the Canadian currency.
    (Reuters, 11/25/09)

2009        Nov 28, In Canada locomotive engineers of the country’s largest railroad walked off the job after talks broke down. Canadian National Railway said it was using management and non-union staff to provide "the best possible service under the circumstances."
    (Reuters, 11/28/09)

2009        Dec 2, Canadian PM Stephen Harper arrived in Beijing for what Chinese experts are touting as a fence-mending trip to repair ties damaged by Ottawa.
    (AP, 12/2/09)
2009        Dec 2, Canadian National Railway said it had reached an agreement with striking locomotive engineers to end their walkout, as the government prepared to step in with back-to-work legislation.
    (AP, 12/3/09)

2009        Dec 11, The Canadian government said that it has approved a request from Egyptian-backed telecom Globalive Wireless Management Corp. to launch its mobile phone service in Canada.
    (AP, 12/11/09)

2009        Dec 17, Canada put its Candu nuclear division up for sale, saying the operation needed outside investors to boost its chances for growth at a time of expanding nuclear power generation and also help cut the cost to taxpayers.
    (Reuters, 12/17/09)

2009        Dec 22, A US federal appeals court ordered Microsoft Corp. to stop selling its Word program in January and pay a Canadian software company $290 million for violating a patent, upholding the judgment of a lower court. Toronto-based i4i Inc. sued Microsoft in 2007, saying it owned the technology behind a tool in the popular word processing program.
    (AP, 12/22/09)

2009        Dec 30, Canada’s spokesman for PM Stephen Harper announced that Parliament would remain closed until March 3, instead of returning in the last week of January. The prorogation meant that all committees in both houses are disbanded and all bills become dead.
    (Econ, 1/9/10, p.39)
2009        Dec 30, In Afghanistan bombings killed 14 people, including 8 Americans and an Afghan in a suicide attack at a CIA base at the edge of Khost city, and 4 Canadian soldiers and a journalist by a roadside bomb in the southern Kandahar province. Humam Khalil Abu-Mulal al-Balawi (32), a physician from Jordan, was an Al-Qaida triple agent. 7 CIA employees and a Jordanian intelligence officer were among the victims. An airstrike by international forces in Helmand province killed 7 civilians, 2 Taliban and wounded another civilian. The attack took place after an international patrol came under fire from insurgents and called for air support. Suspected Taliban militants kidnapped 2 French journalists working for France's public television and 3 Afghan companions in Kapisa province.
    (AP, 12/31/09)(AFP, 12/31/09)(AP, 1/1/10)(AP, 1/5/10)

2009        In Canada Jacques Mungwarere was arrested in Windsor, Ontario, and accused of participating in the 1994 massacre of Tutsis in Rwanda. In 2013 he was acquitted of charges.
    (SFC, 7/6/13, p.A2)
2009        CongoDRC nationalized First Quantum, a Canada based company. A third of the company’s profits had come its Congo mine.
    (Econ, 9/20/14, p.60)

2010        Jan 4, A new report by Canada's Alzheimer Society said Canadians are developing dementia at such a rapid rate that dealing with the problem will cost a total of more than C$870 billion ($835 billion) over the next 30 years unless preventive measures are taken.
    (Reuters, 1/4/10)

2010        Jan 8, In Canada Wiebo Ludvig (68), an anti-energy-industry activist was arrested in Grande Prairie, Alberta, in connection with the investigation into a series of pipeline bombings in northeastern British Columbia. Ludwig had been convicted a decade ago of bombing oil and gas wells. The next day Ludwig was released without charges.
    (SFC, 1/9/10, p.A2)(Reuters, 1/10/10)

2010        Jan 13, Major Inuit organizations said Canada's Inuit people have filed a lawsuit against the European Union in a bid to overturn an EU ban on imports of seal products. The EU ban was imposed in July after decades of protests from animal activists, who said the annual seal hunt was cruel and inhumane. The ban will go into effect in time for the 2010 hunting season.
    (Reuters, 1/13/10)

2010        Jan 18, Kate McGarrigle (63), Canadian folk singer, died of cancer at her home in Montreal. She performed with her sister Anna as the McGarrigle Sisters. Their songs included “Heart Like a Wheel."
    (SFC, 1/20/10, p.C7)

2010        Jan 25, In New York 2 Canadian men who pleaded guilty to conspiring to buy anti-aircraft missiles and other equipment for the Tamil Tigers rebel group in Sri Lanka were sentenced to 25 years in a US prison. Thiruthanikan Thanigasalam (41) and Sahilal Sabaratnam (30) were among four men arrested in Long Island, New York, in 2006 in an FBI sting operation as they tried to buy surface-to-air missiles, missile launchers and hundreds of AK-47 assault rifles to be used against Sri Lankan forces.
    (Reuters, 1/26/10)

2010        Feb 5, Canada and the US said they have reached a tentative deal with to end a dispute over "Buy American" provisions in US legislation that had strained bilateral ties.
    (AP, 2/5/10)

2010        Feb 6, G7 finance leaders met for a 2nd day in Iqaluit’s legislative building of Canada's Arctic territory of Nunavut. A senior official said Europe was determined to solve its problems without the International Monetary Fund. G7 countries told earthquake-ravaged Haiti that any debts it owes them needn't be repaid and international lenders should do the same.
    (Reuters, 2/6/10)

2010        Feb 7, In Canada Air Force Col. Russell Williams (46) was arrested in Ottawa and charged with first degree murder in the deaths of 2 women. He was also charged in the sexual assaults of 2 other women. In late April Williams was also charged with 82 counts of burglary. On Oct 18 Williams pleaded guilty to more than 80 crimes over more than two years, including murder, sexual assault and burglary.
    (SFC, 2/9/10, p.A2)(SFC, 4/30/10, p.A2)(Reuters, 10/19/10)

2010        Feb 9, Honda Motor Co. added 378,000 US vehicles and 41,000 in Canada to its 15-month-old global recall for faulty air bags in the latest quality problem to hit a Japanese automaker. The next day 17,000 cars in Japan were added to the list.
    (AP, 2/10/10)

2010        Feb 12, The XXI Olympic Winter Games began in Vancouver, British Columbia, with the Olympics' first-ever indoor opening ceremony. A Georgian luger died in a horrific crash on a training run, casting a shadow as Vancouver opened the Winter Olympic Games with a daredevil snowboarder, an aboriginal welcome, and Wayne Gretzky lighting the cauldron.
    (AP, 2/12/10)(Reuters, 2/13/10)

2010        Feb 13, In Canada on the opening day of Olympic competition Vancouver police in riot gear confronted more than 200 masked protesters who hurled newspaper boxes through display windows of a popular department store selling Olympic souvenirs. Guillame Joseph-Marc Beaulieu (27) led a group of about 100 black-masked anarchists who spray-painted vehicles and smashed storefront windows as they marched. On Feb 16 police reported his arrest. Beaulieu, charged with mischief, had also led a group that blocked a street and forced organizers to re-route a relay transporting the Olympic flame to the opening ceremonies.
    (AP, 2/13/10)(Reuters, 2/16/10)

2010        Feb 14, In Canada Alexandre Bilodeau, skiing under huge pressure, finally won Canada's first Olympic gold on Cypress Mountain when he snatched victory in a thrilling finale to the men's freestyle moguls.
    (Reuters, 2/14/10)

2010        Feb 15, Canada PM Harper began a 2-day visit to Haiti and said his country will build the Haitian government a temporary base.
    (AP, 2/15/10)
2010        Feb 15, A Montreal financial adviser convicted of running a Ponzi scheme, like the one that landed Bernard Madoff in jail for life, was sentenced to 11 years in prison. Bertram Earl Jones was accused of swindling investors out of as much as C$50 million ($46.7 million).
    (Reuters, 2/15/10)

2010        Feb 16, In Canada Maelle Ricker thrilled a rowdy hometown crowd and easily won the women's Olympic snowboard cross title, bagging the first gold for a Canadian woman on home soil.
    (AP, 2/17/10)

2010        Feb 18, Speed skater Christine Nesbitt of Canada mounted a gutsy charge to the finish line to claim gold in the women's 1,000 meters at the Richmond Olympic Oval.
    (Reuters, 2/18/10)

2010        Feb 19, A Canadian sailing ship, the three-masted SV Concordia, filled with high school and college students sank off the coast of Brazil in strong winds, but all 64 aboard were rescued. The students spent up to 16 hours on life boats before they were rescued by three passing cargo ships.
    (AP, 2/19/10)
2010        Feb 19, Pope Benedict XVI approved sainthood for Mother Mary MacKillop (1842-1909), making the woman known for her work among the needy Australia's first saint. Sainthood was also approved for Stanislaw Soltys, a 15th-century Polish priest; Italian nuns Giulia Salzano and Battista Varano; Spanish nun Candida Maria de Jesus Cipitria y Barriola and a Canadian brother, Andre Bessette (d.1937). The formal canonization will take place Oct. 17 in Rome.
    (AP, 2/19/10)

2010        Feb 21, In Canada US skier Bode Miller snatched his first Olympic gold medal and US ice hockey goalkeeper Ryan Miller stopped Canada in a heartbreaking loss for the hockey-crazed host nation.
    (Reuters, 2/22/10)

2010        Feb 25, In Canada Kim Yu-Na (19) of South Korea, achieved her country's first Olympic figure skating title with a resounding victory in the Pacific Coliseum.
    (AFP, 2/26/10)
2010        Feb 25, Canada's ice hockey women celebrated a gold medal win by taking to the ice afterwards drinking beer and smoking cigars.
    (Reuters, 2/26/10)
2010        Feb 25, In Canada police found the body actor Andrew Koenig (41) in a wooded area in Vancouver. He had played Boner in the 1980’s TV sitcom “Growing Pains."
    (SFC, 2/26/10, p.A13)

2010        Feb 26, Canada won the Olympic men's short track 5,000 meters relay with Charles Hamelin picking up his second gold of the day.
    (Reuters, 2/26/10)

2010        Feb 27, Canada bagged another three gold medals on the penultimate day of the Winter Olympics to ensure they will finish top of the medal standings, triggering wild celebrations across the country.
    (Reuters, 2/27/10)

2010        Feb 28, Canada beat the USA in an extraordinary men's ice hockey final to capture a record 14th gold medal and end the Vancouver Winter Olympics on top of the world. The victory at a single Winter Games surpassed the previous mark of 13 jointly held by the Soviet Union (Innsbruck, 1976) and Norway (Salt Lake City, 2002). The USA also set a record for the most overall medals at a single Winter Olympics with 37, one more than Germany in 2002.
    (Reuters, 2/28/10)

2010        Mar 5, Canada’s Tim Hortons Inc unveiled a fresh strategy to take on Starbucks and Dunkin Donuts in the US market, saying it would open hundreds of new American cafes that break the mold of Tim's iconic Canadian coffee shops.
    (Reuters, 3/6/10)

2010        Mar 13, In Canada 2 people were killed and 30 hurt by an avalanche near Revelstoke, British Columbia, when the slide hit a snowmobile rally.
    (Reuters, 3/14/10)

2010        Mar 20 In Canada a 3rd deadly avalanche in a week killed 2 French skiers in British Columbia.
    (SFC, 3/22/10, p.A2)

2010        Mar 24, Canada’s province of Quebec passed legislation stipulating that Muslim women will need to uncover their faces when dealing with Quebec government services.
    (SFC, 3/25/10, p.A2)
2010        Mar 24, More than 1 million baby slings made by Infantino were recalled in the US after claims linking them to three infant deaths. Another 15,000 were recalled in Canada.
    (AP, 3/24/10)

2010        Mar 29, In Canada a 2-day G-8 meeting opened in the Quebec town of Gatineau. Canada said it would press the Group of Eight leading industrialized nations to tighten UN sanctions on Iran.
    (Reuters, 3/28/10)

2010        Mar 30, Canada’s PM Stephen Harper told US Sec. of State Hillary Clinton that its military mission in Afghanistan will end in 2011.
    (SFC, 3/31/10, p.A2)
2010        Mar 30, In Quebec, Canada, the world's leading industrial nations (G8) called for stronger action against Iran over its nuclear program and the United States said it was confident China would agree on the need for sanctions.
    (Reuters, 3/30/10)

2010        Apr 6, The Canadian dollar rose to one-for-one footing with the US currency, hitting its strongest level since July 2008, boosted by rising commodity prices and expectations for higher domestic interest rates.
    (AP, 4/6/10)
2010        Apr 6, A group of Canadian researchers released a report saying a cyber-espionage group based in southwest China stole documents from the Indian Defense Ministry and emails from the Dalai Lama's office.
    (Reuters, 4/6/10)
2010        Apr 6, China said it had executed a Japanese man for drug smuggling, the first execution of a Japanese citizen since the countries established relations in 1972. Mitsunobu Akano (65) was convicted in 2008 of attempting to smuggle 2.5 kg (4.8 pounds) of drugs from China to Japan in 2006. He was executed in Liaoning province.
    (AP, 4/6/10)

2010        Apr 12, Canadian PM Stephen Harper said Canada will return spent nuclear fuel to its supplier, the United States, as part of a global drive to secure fissile materials.
    (Reuters, 4/12/10)

2010        Apr 15, In Canada the city of Vancouver released documents indicating it spent more than C$554 million ($554 million) as host of this year's Winter Olympics, much of it related to building the athletes village. The federal government and the province of British Columbia also paid the C$585 million cost to build and refurbish competition venues in Vancouver, and at the nearby mountain resort of Whistler.
    (Reuters, 4/16/10)

2010        Apr 26, Canada signaled a split with allies, ahead of a G8 aid ministers' meeting, by saying it would not help groups that fund abortions as part of a push to boost maternal health in the world's poorest nations.
    (Reuters, 4/26/10)

2010        Apr, In Canada some 100 dogs appeared to have been "slaughtered" inhumanely, shortly after the end of the Winter Games. The incident became public after an employee of Outdoor Adventures Whistler filed a compensation claim with the province, saying he was suffering from stress after being forced to shoot the animals and bury them.
    (Reuters, 1/31/11)

2010        May 5, CBC News reported that the Bank of Montreal is suing lawyers, brokers and some of its own employees for an alleged C$140 million ($136 million) mortgage scam that may have involved hundreds of people.
    (Reuters, 5/5/10)

2010        May 18, Most of Canada's largest forestry companies announced a groundbreaking deal with environmental groups that will restrict logging in the country's vast northern forests.
    (Reuters, 5/18/10)

2010        May 26, Canada announced that it will spend nearly $1 billion on security for next months G8 and G20 summits.
    (SFC, 5/27/10, p.A2)

2010        Jun 1, The Bank of Canada raised its key interest rate from emergency low levels, but said the European debt crisis made its next move highly unpredictable. The rate hike, to 0.5 percent from 0.25 percent, made Canada the first of the G7 major industrialized countries to begin hiking interest rates after the global financial crisis.
    (Reuters, 6/1/10)

2010        Jun 12, In Switzerland a bus carrying 48 Canadian tourists crashed in the canton of Valais, killing two people and injuring at least 15 others, five of them seriously.
    (AP, 6/13/10)

2010        Jun 23, In Canada 7 people were killed when a small plane crashed near Jean-Lesage International Airport in Quebec City in Eastern Canada.
    (Reuters, 6/23/10)

2010        Jun 24, Chinese President Hu Jintao called for a new start and a firming of Sino-Canadian ties, despite new irritants, during a state visit to Canada ahead of G8 and G20 summits in the Toronto area.
    (AFP, 6/25/10)

2010        Jun 25, In Canada G8 leaders gathered for an opening day of talks during which the group failed to resolve a dispute over the proper mix of government spending and deficit reductions needed to keep the global economy on track. Canada’s PM Harper announced that the G8 leaders had pledged to contribute $5 billion over the next five years to an initiative to support health care for mothers and children in poor countries.
    (AP, 6/26/10)

2010        Jun 26, In Canada G8 world leaders turned their attention to thorny foreign policy problems. The United States and Japan pushed for a strong condemnation of North Korea following the sinking of a South Korean warship. The G20 meeting in the evening with a dinner at the Royal York, one of Toronto's oldest hotels. Police made more than 400 arrests after black-clad demonstrators broke off from a crowd of peaceful protesters at the global economic summit and went on a rampage in downtown Toronto that lasted into the early morning hours.
    (AP, 6/26/10)(AP, 6/27/10)

2010        Jun 27, In Canada G20 leaders agreed on a deal to cut national deficits in half within three years and to stabilize the ratio of public debt to gross domestic product by 2016.
    (AFP, 6/27/10)(SFC, 6/28/10, p.A2)

2010        Jul 5, In Ottawa the operator of a dormant Canadian nuclear reactor that once supplied a third of the world's medical isotopes formally applied to restart the plant, saying it was safe again after lengthy repairs. Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd shut down the aging Chalk River facility in eastern Ontario in May 2009 after discovering a leak of heavy water, used as a moderator and coolant in the reaction process.
    (Reuters, 7/5/10)
2010        Jul 5, In Canada a fire at a Toronto transformer station knocked out power to much of the city, snarling traffic in the midst of a blistering heatwave. The outage hit around 4:45 p.m. on the hottest day of the year so far in Toronto.
    (Reuters, 7/5/10)

2010        Jul 6, A Toronto man was convicted of attempting to illegally export nuclear-related technology to Iran, in the first Canadian criminal case resulting from UN sanctions against the Middle East nation. An Ontario judge found Mahmoud Yadegari guilty of attempting to export pressure transducers, which can be used in the building of both nuclear plants and weapons.
    (Reuters, 7/6/10)

2010        Jul 8, Canada named David Johnston (69), president of the University of Waterloo, to become the country's next acting head of state, who will have the final say in settling constitutional disputes.
    (Reuters, 7/9/10)

2010        Jul 12, A Canada Steamship Lines vessel ran aground near the Cote Sainte-Catherine canal lock south of Montreal. The Montreal Gazette newspaper said the accident punctured the ship's fuel tank, leaking between 50 and 200 tons of oil into the surrounding waters.
    (Reuters, 7/13/10)

2010        Jul 14, In Canada Violet (78) and Allen Large (75), who live in a modest home in Lower Turo, Nova Scotia, scooped the Lotto 649 jackpot winning $11.2 million. They proceeded to give most of the money away to charity.
    (www.msnbc.msn.com/id/40009180/ns/us_news-giving/)

2010        Jul 16, Canada’s Defense Minister Peter MacKay said Canada will buy 65 new fighter jets from Lockheed Martin Corp for C$9 billion ($8.6 billion), one of the biggest arms deals in the nation's history.
    (Reuters, 7/16/10)

2010        Jul 20, The Bank of Canada raised its key interest rate, as expected, but warned the domestic and global recovery will be slower than it had previously forecast, suggesting any further hikes may be gradual. Borrowing costs rose 25 basis points to 0.75%.
    (Reuters, 7/20/10)

2010        Jul 26, In Michigan an oil pipeline, owned by Canada-based Enbridge Inc., leaked over 800,000 gallons into Talmadge Creek and flowed to the Kalamazoo River coating fish and birds in Battle Creek and Emmet Township. The US government estimated the leak at over 1 million gallons.  Enbridge later estimated cleanup costs at about $1.2 billion. In 2014 a settlement between the company and residents and landowners was said to be $6.25 million. On May 13, 2015, officials said Enbridge Energy and its affiliates will pay $75 million to settle the case.  
    (SFC, 7/28/10, p.A4)(SFC, 7/30/10, p.A7)(SFC, 12/25/14, p.A10)(Reuters, 5/13/15)

2010        Jul 27, Canadian actor Maury Chaykin (b.1949) died at a Toronto hospital. Chaykin had roles in "Dances With Wolves," "The Postman," "Owning Mahoney," "Mystery, Alaska," "A Life Less Ordinary," and "The Adjuster."
    (AP, 7/27/10)

2010        Jul 28, In Canada the Vancouver, BC, Superior Court sentenced Kenneth Klassen to 11 years in prison for committing sex tourism with children in Cambodia and Colombia and for importing pornography.
    (SFC, 7/29/10, p.A2)

2010        Jul 31, A Canadian waterbombing plane with 2 crew members crashed while fighting the blaze in British Columbia. 318 forest fires were burning across British Columbia, with the largest covering 25 square km (10 square miles).
    (AP, 8/1/10)

2010        Aug 3, British oil giant BP said it will sell its Colombian business for a total of 1.9 billion dollars (1.4 billion euros) to national oil company Ecopetrol and Talisman of Canada.
    (AFP, 8/3/10)

2010        Aug 11, Canada said a cargo ship that may be carrying as many 500 migrants from Sri Lanka was nearing its Pacific coast. The M.V. Sun Sea entered an economic zone within 200 miles of Vancouver Island and was being tracked by a Canadian navy warship.
    (Reuters, 8/11/10)

2010        Aug 13, In western Canada at least 450 Sri Lankan asylum seekers, on board the MV Sun Sea cargo ship, arrived at a naval base escorted by a naval frigate and police helicopters.
    (Reuters, 8/13/10)(AP, 8/14/10)

2010        Aug 17, Canadian officials said a nuclear reactor responsible for production of about a third of the world's medical isotopes has resumed operation after more than a year-long shutdown. Atomic Energy of Canada said that after low-power testing on the Chalk River reactor in Ontario proved successful, the 53-year-old facility returned to full power for the first time since a heavy water leak forced it offline in May 2009.
    (Reuters, 8/17/10)

2010        Aug 18, Anglo-Australian mining giant BHP Billiton launched an enormous hostile takeover bid for Canada's Potash Corp which values the world's largest fertilizer producer at 40 billion dollars.
    (AP, 8/18/10)

2010        Aug 20, The European Union's high court temporarily exempted Inuit hunters in Canada and Greenland from the bloc's new trade ban on seal products, while asking European Parliament and EU governments to justify the ban.
    (AP, 8/20/10)
2010        Aug 20, BHP Billiton Group announced commencement of all cash-offer to acquire Potash Corp. for $130 per share. On Nov 3 Canada blocked the Anglo-Australian mining giant’s $39 billion bid. The deal would have cost Saskatchewan an estimated C$200m a year in tax revenues.
    (Reuters, 8/20/10)(Reuters, 11/3/10)(Econ, 11/6/10, p.50)

2010        Aug 24, British Columbia signed an agreement that will see Canada's westernmost province share tax revenue from the mining industry with aboriginal groups, the first such deal in the mineral-rich region.
    (AP, 8/24/10)

2010        Aug 25, Canadian police arrested Hiva Alizadeh and Misbahuddin Ahmed in Ottowa in relation to what they called "terrorist offenses" and said they expect to make further arrests. A 3rd person, Khurram Syed Sher, was arrested the next day in London, Ontario. Police said the Canadians were plotting bomb attacks and had connections to a group fighting coalition forces in Afghanistan.
    (Reuters, 8/25/10)(Reuters, 8/26/10)(SFC, 8/27/10, p.A2)

2010        Aug 26, Canada-based Research in Motion said it was willing to work with India to support the country's needs to lawfully access encrypted services on the company's Blackberry smartphone.
    (Reuters, 8/26/10)

2010        Sep 4, Hurricane Earl brushed past the Northeast US and dumped heavy, wind-driven rain on Cape Cod cottages and fishing villages, but caused little damage. It continued north and made landfall near Western Head, Nova Scotia. Earl lost its tropical storm status over Canada, but the storm still left one person dead and nearly one million people without power in the northeastern.
    (AP, 9/4/10)(AFP, 9/5/10)

2010        Sep 8, The Bank of Canada raised its benchmark interest rate for a third consecutive time, nudging the rate up 25 basis points to 1 percent, but said a weak US economy would hamper Canada's recovery.
    (Reuters, 9/8/10)

2010        Sep 13, A Canadian police study said human trafficking groups have exploited Canada's visa rules to bring victims from Europe and Asia to work in the illegal sex trade.
    (Reuters, 9/13/10)

2010        Sep 14, Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc, which filed for bankruptcy exactly two years ago, sued Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce and dozens of other defendants to recover more than $3 billion of which it said it was deprived due to the bankruptcy filing.
    (Reuters, 9/15/10)

2010        Sep 19, In Canada "The King's Speech" won the top award at the Toronto International Film Festival, giving the Tom Hooper-directed film some early momentum heading into Oscar awards season.
    (Reuters, 9/19/10)

2010        Sep 20, Libya's daily Oea newspaper reported that Douglas O'Reilly, a Canadian man, was detained after meeting a US diplomat suspected of being a CIA agent. He was detained on suspicion of spying on a planned BP offshore drilling project. O'Reilly claimed to be an archaeologist seeking to warn of the BP project's potential impact on archaeological sites. O'Reilly was given freedom to leave Libya on Sep 22.
    (AP, 9/21/10)(AP, 9/22/10)

2010        Sep 21, Hurricane Igor hit Newfoundland, Canada. Provincial Premier Danny Williams said it caused tens of millions in damages and was the worst in recent memory.
    (SFC, 9/22/10, p.A2)

2010        Sep 28, In Canada an Ontario court tossed out key provisions of Canada's anti-prostitution laws, saying they did more harm than good, following a constitutional challenge by three sex-trade workers. The ruling allowed sex workers to solicit customers openly.
    (Reuters, 9/28/10)(SSFC, 10/3/10, p.A4)

2010        Oct 1, Medicago, a Canadian company, broke ground at Durham, NC, on its first American facility. The company genetically manipulates tobacco plants to produce proteins used in making flu vaccines.
    (Econ, 10/23/10, p.36)

2010        Oct 6, In Canada Quebec presented legislation to award Bombardier Inc a contract worth more than C$1 billion ($980 million) to build nearly 500 subway cars for Montreal, short-circuiting a bidding process that has dragged on for five years.
    (Reuters, 10/5/10)

2010        Oct 7, In Canada mercury was discharged during a reconfiguration of pipes at the Teck Resources Ltd. lead smelter waste-treatment plant in Trail, British Columbia. The work has since been completed and the leak stopped.
    (Reuters, 10/8/10)

2010        Oct 10, Norwegian oil firm Statoil is expanding further its shale gas operations in the United States, saying it has created a joint venture with Canada's Talisman to acquire acreage on the Eagle Ford prospect in Texas for $1.325 billion.
    (Reuters, 10/10/10)

2010        Oct 11, Officials said Canadian troops are being forced to pull out of a military base in the United Arab Emirates that supports their mission in Afghanistan amid an ongoing dispute over airline landing rights.
    (AP, 10/11/10)

2010        Oct 13, Canada declared that bisphenol A is a toxic chemical, prompting calls for far-reaching curbs on the industrial chemical that is used in everything from the linings of aluminum cans to coatings on electronic till receipts.
    (Reuters, 10/14/10)

2010        Oct 17, Pope Benedict XVI proclaimed Australia's first saint, canonizing Mary MacKillop (1842-1909), a 19th-century nun. The Vatican also declared five other saints in an open-air Mass attended by tens of thousands. Brother Andre (1845-1937), a Canadian, Italian nuns Giulia Salzano and Battista Camilla da Varano, and Spanish nun Candida Maria de Jesus Cipitria y Barriola were also canonized.
    (AP, 10/17/10)

2010        Oct 21, In central Mexico Canadian industrial giant Bombardier and Mexican President Felipe Calderon opened a new 250-million-dollar plant where it will produce components for the Learjet 85 business aircraft.
    (AFP, 10/21/10)

2010        Oct 22, In Canada Alberta Provincial Court Judge Ken Tjosvold found Syncrude, one of Canada's largest oil sands producers, guilty in the deaths of the 1,600 ducks in a toxic waste pond last June. Syncrude accepted the C$3 million sentencing proposal.
    (Reuters, 10/22/10)

2010        Oct 25, Toronto voters elected conservative Rob Ford as mayor of Canada's biggest city, tilting away from their recent liberal leanings and opting for his platform of small government, fewer taxes and big spending cuts.
    (Reuters, 10/26/10)
2010        Oct 25, Omar Khadr, a Canadian prisoner at Guantanamo accused of killing an American soldier, pleaded to five charges including murder in a plea agreement with military authorities. Khadr had been facing a possible life sentence if convicted at a trial that was scheduled to start today. He was 15 at the time of his capture.
    (AP, 10/25/10)

2010        Oct 31, A US military judge, under a plea bargain, sentencing Omar Khadr (24) to eight more years in custody for war crimes. The young Canadian had admitted to five war crimes charges, including killing a US soldier in Afghanistan. The sentence called for him to stay at the Guantanamo prison another year before he can ask Canada's government to allow him to return to his homeland to serve out his sentence or seek early release on parole.
    (AP, 11/1/10)
2010        Oct 31, Mexican police found the missing rental car of Canadian businessman Daniel Dion just north of the state capital of Chilpancingo. It was found completely burned with a corpse in the trunk. Dion was last seen about a week ago in Acapulco.
    (AP, 10/31/10)

2010        Nov 5, The British government said it has sold the right to run the rail line from London to the Channel Tunnel to a Canadian consortium for 2.1 billion pounds.
    (AFP, 11/5/10)

2010        Nov 9, The United Arab Emirates said it will force Canadians to get a visa to travel to the Persian Gulf federation as of Jan 2, as ties soured between the once-close countries. Emirati officials have ratcheted up the pressure on Ottawa after failing to secure additional landing rights for their growing government-backed airlines.
    (AP, 11/9/10)

2010        Nov 10, In Canada alleged Mafia patriarch Nicolo Rizzuto (b.1924) was gunned down at his home in Montreal.
    (SFC, 11/12/10, p.A2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nicolo_Rizzuto)

2010        Nov 12, Canada and India launched talks on a free trade deal they said could boost gross domestic product in each nation by C$6 billion ($5.9 billion) a year and increase existing trade flows by 50 percent.
    (Reuters, 11/12/10)

2010        Nov 14, In Mexico a powerful explosion killed five Canadian tourists and two Mexican workers at the 4-year-old Grand Riviera Princess hotel on the posh Riviera Maya. A build up of swamp gas under the foundation was first suspected. Evidence later pointed to a gas line leak.
    (AP, 11/15/10)(SFC, 11/17/10, p.A2)(AP, 12/15/10)

2010        Nov 28, Canadian comic actor Leslie Nielsen (84) died in Florida of complications from pneumonia. He was a star in a string of madcap spoof movies including "Airplane!" and "The Naked Gun."
    (Reuters, 11/29/10)

2010        Dec 9, A report in the medical journal Lancet criticized Canada for exporting chrysotile, or white asbestos, while it virtually bans the product at home, who fibers can lead to respiratory diseases and cancers.
    (SFC, 12/9/10, p.A2)

2010        Dec 16, China’s General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine said in a statement that it has banned poultry and poultry product imports from Manitoba, Canada, after an outbreak of low-pathogenic H5N2 bird flu there.
    (Reuters, 12/16/10)

2010        Dec 21, Toronto-Dominion Bank said it will buy Chrysler Financial from private equity firm Cerberus Capital Management for $6.3 billion, joining the throng of Canadian institutions expanding foreign operations.
    (Reuters, 12/21/10)

2010        Dec 29, The UAE embassy in Ottawa said on its website that Canadians would be charged $250 for a 30-day single entry visa while a six-month multiple entry visa would cost $1000, with a maximum stay of 14 days during each visit. Tensions have risen between the two countries since Canada denied expanded landing rights for UAE airlines flying to Canada. That triggered a UAE government decision to end access to a military base used by the Canadian military to support troops in Afghanistan.
    (Reuters, 12/29/10)

2010        Dec 29, Canada said it no longer recognized the Ivory Coast ambassador to Ottawa appointed by president Laurent Gbagbo, and that it would welcome new diplomatic representation from the West African nation.
    (AFP, 12/30/10)

2010        Canadian first-time novelist Johanna Skibsrud, author of "The Sentimentalists," was a surprise winner of the C$50,000 Scotiabank Giller Prize. Nova Scotia-based specialty publisher Gaspereau Press could produce only 1,000 copies a week of the finely bound book, using an old-fashioned press.
    (Reuters, 11/11/10)
2010        Canada’s population was estimated at around 34,108,800 as of July 1 this year.
    (SSFC, 10/3/10, p.A4)

2011        Jan 10, Canada-based Research In Motion said it will filter pornographic internet content for its Blackberry smartphone users in Indonesia, following government pressure to stop access to porn sites or face its browsing service being shut down.
    (Reuters, 1/10/11)

2011        Jan 13, Canada’s BlackBerry maker Research In Motion said it has given India the means to access its Messenger service and reiterated that no changes could be made to allow monitoring of secure corporate emails.
    (Reuters, 1/13/11)

2011        Jan 17, Canada-based Research In Motion Ltd. (RIM), the maker of BlackBerry, promised Indonesia it will meet the country's request to filter out pornographic content on its smartphones in the next four days.
    (AP, 1/17/11)

2011        Jan 19, Canadian officials said police have arrested Sayfildin Tahir Sharif, a man accused of helping stage suicide bomb attacks in Iraq, including one that killed five US soldiers in Mosul in april 2009. He was also accused of helping with an attack on an Iraqi police station in March 2009 that killed seven people.
    (Reuters, 1/20/11)

2011        Jan 31, India rejected Canada-based Research In Motion's (RIM) offer to allow it only partial access to its BlackBerry data services, while neighboring Pakistan reversed its earlier decision to restrict the popular smartphone's services.
    (Reuters, 1/31/11)

2011        Feb 1, According to the "Keystone XL Assessment," a new study commissioned by the US Department of Energy, a proposed pipeline from Canada's oil sands to refineries along the Gulf of Mexico would help "essentially eliminate" US oil imports from the Middle East in a decade or two.
    (Reuters, 2/1/11)

2011        Feb 4, President Barack Obama and Canadian PM Stephen Harper agreed to a new approach to US and Canadian security that they said would help boost trade by reducing logjams at the border.
    (Reuters, 2/4/11)

2011        Feb 9, The London Stock Exchange agreed to buy Canada's stock market operator TMX, while Germany's Deutsche Boerse was in talks to buy NYSE Euronext, signaling that exchanges globally are looking to consolidate.
    (Reuters, 2/9/11)

2011        Feb 10, PetroChina said it is purchasing half of a prolific shale gas project from Canada's Encana Corp for C$5.4 billion ($5.4 billion), marking the largest Chinese investment yet in a foreign natural gas asset.
    (Reuters, 2/10/11)
2011        Feb 10, Panamanian lawmakers repealed a law preventing foreign government investment in mining, clearing the way for Canada's Inmet Mining to build the largest copper mine in Central America.
    (Reuters, 2/10/11)

2011        Feb 11, Canada asked the World Trade Organization to set up a panel to resolve its dispute with the European Union over the EU's ban on trade in seal products.
    (Reuters, 2/11/11)

2011        Feb 17, A top Canadian cabinet minister said a cyber attack on key economic ministries last month was serious but will not affect the timing of next month's federal budget. The Canadian Broadcasting Corp said hackers using China-based servers had broken into computer systems at the Finance Department and Treasury Board.
    (Reuters, 2/17/11)

2011        Feb 24, The Canadian province of Ontario said it has approved 40 new large-scale renewable power projects that will create 7,000 jobs and attract C$3 billion ($3.06 billion) in private sector investment.
    (Reuters, 2/24/11)

2011        Feb 26, In Canada the governing Liberal Party of British Columbia elected Christy Clark as their new leader, setting the stage for her to become premier of the resource-rich province on the Pacific coast.
    (Reuters, 2/26/11)

2011        Mar 18, Canada announced it was deploying CF-18 fighter jets to help enforce a no-fly zone over Libya and said the deployment would go ahead despite the ceasefire declared by Libyan strongman Moamer Kadhafi.
    (AFP, 3/18/11)
2011        Mar 18, The US Federal Reserve and Bank of Canada confirmed that they had intervened to cool the soaring yen, in concert with other G7 central banks.
    (AFP, 3/18/11)

2011        Mar 25, Canadian opposition parties toppled PM Harper on the grounds that his government was tainted by sleaze, had managed the economy poorly and was in contempt of Parliament. Canada's 40th Parliament ended with cheers from opposition legislators as politicians voted along party lines to drive the Conservatives out of office.
    (Reuters, 3/26/11)
2011        Mar 25, Canadian Defense Minister Peter MacKay said that Lt. Gen. Charles Bouchard has been designated to lead the NATO alliance's military campaign in Libya. Bouchard will be in charge of both the air campaign and the naval task force implementing the arms embargo.
    (AP, 3/25/11)(AP, 3/26/11)

2011        Mar 31, Canadian Lt. Gen. Charles Bouchard, the new commander of international military operations in Libya, warned that anyone attacking civilians would be "ill-advised" to continue, and said he would look into a report by a Vatican envoy that air strikes had killed 40 innocent people.
    (AP, 3/31/11)

2011        Mar, Inflation in Canada soared this month, stunning markets, and when combined with signs of frothy first-quarter growth raised the likelihood the central bank will soon resume interest rate hikes.
    (Reuters, 4/19/11)

2011        Apr 15, In Toronto, Canada, Liu Qian (23) was found raped and dead a few hours after her former boyfriend in China watched via webcam as she tried to fend off an attacker who appeared at her door. On April 7, 2014, Brian Dickson (32) was convicted of her murder and sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 4/8/14)(http://tinyurl.com/mq7crka)

2011        May 2, Canadians voted in one of their most unpredictable parliamentary elections ever. The Conservatives stormed to a decisive victory, winning 54 percent of the seats in Parliament and securing a stable four-year term in power after vowing to focus on the economy. Green Party Leader Elizabeth May was elected to Parliament, marking the first time a member of the environmental party has won a federal election in North America.
    (Reuters, 5/2/11)(Reuters, 5/3/11)

2011        May 4, The Vatican condemned former Canadian Bishop Raymond Lahey after he pleaded guilty to possession of child pornography and said it planned to take disciplinary action against him.
    (Reuters, 5/4/11)

2011        May 9, In Canada the provincial government of Manitoba said breaking dikes on the flooded Assiniboine River on May 11 at a spot west of Winnipeg will unleash a torrent of water that will swamp 225 square km of land. Manitoba pushed back the timing of the planned break to May 12 afternoon as residents scrambled to protect themselves from a deliberate flood of a vast area of farmland.
    (Reuters, 5/10/11)(Reuters, 5/12/11)

2011        May 10, In Canada Marshall Zhang, an 11th-grade student at Richmond Hill's Bayview Secondary School, received first place in the 2011 Sanofi-Aventis BioTalent Challenge. The Toronto area student used a supercomputer system to find a new drug combination that shows potential in treating the genetic disorder cystic fibrosis.
    (www.livescience.com/14138-teen-cystic-fibrosis-drug-cocktail-contest.html)

2011        May 11, Canadian researchers reported an alarming combination: bedbugs carrying a staph "superbug." Scientists detected drug-resistant staph bacteria in bedbugs from three hospital patients from St. Paul's Hospital located in a downtrodden Vancouver neighborhood.
    (AP, 5/11/11)

2011        May 14, Canada’s Manitoba province opened its dike on the swollen Assiniboine River, starting a slow creep of water across rich farmland to avert a potentially catastrophic, unplanned breach.
    (Reuters, 5/14/11)

2011        May 16, In Canada wildfires whipped by high winds destroyed more than a third of a sizable town in northern Alberta and forced oil companies in Canada's largest energy-producing province to shut off tens of thousands of barrels of output.
    (Reuters, 5/16/11)

2011        May 17, Canada announced it has decided to expel five Libyan diplomats for actions it called "inappropriate."
    (AFP, 5/17/11)

2011        May 20, Canadian PM Stephen Harper toured the town of Slave Lake, Alberta, where hundreds of homes, businesses and public buildings had gone up in flames. 56 fires continued to burn across the north of Canada's biggest energy producing province. Ten of the fires were out of control.
    (Reuters, 5/20/11)

2011        Jun 3, In Canada picket lines went at Canada Post mail processing plant in Winnipeg as part of a limited rotating strike around the country.
    (Reuters, 6/3/11)

2011        Jun 4, Italy-based Fiat offered $125 million to buy the Canadian government's stake in Chrysler Group LLC as it moved swiftly to strengthen its control of the US automaker.
    (Reuters, 6/4/11)

2011        Jun 14, Canada Post locked out all its employees, saying more than a week of rotating strikes by unionized letter carriers and other postal workers had cost it too much money.
    (Reuters, 6/15/11)(Econ, 7/2/11, p.30)
2011        Jun 15, In Vancouver, Canada, the Boston Bruins shocked the favored Vancouver Canucks, winning game seven of the Stanley Cup championship finals 4-0, to take the series 4 games to 3. The Bruins won the Stanley Cup for the first time in 39 years; goaltender Tim Thomas was awarded the Conn Smythe trophy as the Most Valuable Player in the playoffs. Riot police fired tear gas to control a mob that burned cars and looted shops in downtown Vancouver after the Canucks lost the Stanley Cup final to the Boston Bruins.
    (Boston Globe, 6/15/11)(Reuters, 6/16/11)

2011        Jun 17, Air Canada Inc and striking customer service workers reached a tentative contract agreement, settling on a compromise on the biggest obstacle to a deal: the issue of pension benefits and who should pay for them.
    (Reuters, 6/16/11)

2011        Jun 26, Canada’s Senate endorsed back-to-work legislation ending the labor dispute that shut down the postal service.
    (Reuters, 6/26/11)

2011        Jun 27, South Korea said it will resume imports of Canadian beef suspended in 2003 after an outbreak of mad cow disease, agreeing to allow meat from cows younger than 30 months old.
    (Reuters, 6/27/11)

2011        Jul 7, Canada formally ended its combat mission in Afghanistan after years of being on the front lines of the fight against Taliban insurgents in the south.
    (AP, 7/7/11)
2011        Jul 7, In Canada Richard Oland (69), part of the family that owns Moosehead Breweries, was found dead in a pool of blood in his office. His body bore numerous stab and blunt-force wounds to the head, neck and hands. Police said his son was the last person to see him alive.
    (AFP, 12/20/15)

2011        Jul 8, In Canada a federal appeals court ruled that an illegal immigrant has no right to free medical intervention of ongoing health care.
    (SSFC, 7/10/11, p.A4)

2011        Jul 11, Canada said it will boycott the UN Conference on Disarmament for the several weeks that North Korea is chairing it.
    (Reuters, 7/11/11)

2011        Jul 14, The Canadian head of the NATO mission over Libya said Gaddafi has ordered his troops to blow up refineries and other facilities if they have to retreat. Russia’s special envoy to Libya told the Izvestia newspaper that Libyan leader Moamer Kadhafi has a "suicidal plan" to blow up the capital Tripoli if it is taken by rebels.
    (Reuters, 7/14/11)(AFP, 7/14/11)

2011        Jul 15, Cuban authorities shut down Canadian firm Tri-Star Caribbean and arrested company president Sarkis Yacoubian. The company, considered a competitor of Tokmakjian Group, did around $30 million in business with Cuba. Ontario-based Tokmakjian Group, one of the top Canadian companies doing business on the communist-run island, was shut down in September.
    (Reuters, 9/16/11)

2011        Jul 21, Canada’s government began a website identifying 30 suspected war criminals that have entered the country illegally, mostly from Rwanda, Central and South America and from the Balkan states.
    (SFC, 7/22/11, p.A2)(SSFC, 7/24/11, p.A4)

2011        Jul 23, Canada returned Lai Changxing (52) to China where he is accused of running a $10 billion smuggling ring that dealt in everything from cars to oil in a scandal touching the government's highest levels.
    (AP, 7/23/11)(Econ, 7/30/11, p.34)

2011        Jul 29, Tobacco companies suffered a major defeat in Canada when the Supreme Court ruled the federal government is not liable for damages from health-related lawsuits, possibly amounting to many billions of dollars.
    (Reuters, 7/29/11)

2011        Aug 12, General Motors said it is recalling 16,198 Chevrolet Impala and Buick LaCrosse cars in the United States and Canada to address sensor and power steering problems.
    (Reuters, 8/12/11)

2011        Aug 14, Canada's trade and agriculture ministers said Vietnam has lifted its eight-year-old ban on Canadian live breeding cattle, sheep and goats, becoming the first Asian country to do so since a 2003 discovery of mad cow disease.
    (Reuters, 8/14/11)

2011        Aug 20, In Canada 12 people were killed when a Boeing 737, chartered by First Air, crashed near Resolute Bay in the far north of the Canadian Arctic, but three people survived.
    (Reuters, 8/21/11)(SSFC, 8/21/11, p.A6)

2011        Aug 22, In Canada Jack Layton (61), the charismatic leader of the New Democratic Party, died of prostate cancer just months after guiding his party to its strongest ever performance in the May federal election.
    (Reuters, 8/22/11)

2011        Aug 27, The Canadian Union of Public Employees, which represents 6,800 Air Canada flight attendants, said Air Canada flight attendants have rejected a tentative contract that union bargainers negotiated with the country's largest air carrier. The union has scheduled a strike vote for next month.
    (Reuters, 8/27/11)

2011        Aug 29, The storm that had been Hurricane Irene crossed into Canada overnight but wasn't yet through with the US, where flood waters threatened Vermont towns and big city commuters had to make do with slowly reawakening transit systems.
    (AP, 8/29/11)

2011        Aug, In Canada voters in British Columbia chose to dismantle the harmonized sales tax (HST), which merged the province's 7 percent sales tax with a 5 percent federal goods and services levy. The provincial government later said the move to scrap the sales tax will cost the province C$2.3 billion over the next three years and force a round of new spending cuts.
    (Reuters, 9/9/11)

2011        Sep 30, Canada’s Supreme Court ruled that the Insite clinic in Vancouver, North America’s only legal drub abuser injection site, saves lives and should stay open.
    (SFC, 10/1/11, p.A2)

2011        Oct 10, A global disruption of BlackBerry services began and continued for 3 days. 4 days later Canada-based Research In Motion was still working to clear a backlog of delayed messages, hoping to control the damage to RIM.
    (Reuters, 10/13/11)

2011        Oct 17, Canadian scientists announced that a contagious and lethal fish virus has been detected for the first time in wild Pacific salmon. The European strain of the virus had only been identified before in farm-raised Atlantic salmon.
    (Reuters, 10/20/11)

2011        Oct 18, Kexue Huang (46), a China-born Canadian scientist, pleaded guilty in Indianapolis US District Court to economic espionage and theft for sending trade secrets on a pesticide and a new food product to China and Germany.
    (SFC, 10/19/11, p.A7)

2011        Oct 19, In Canada Jean Charest, the Liberal premier of Quebec, said he had asked superior court judge France Charbonneau to probe financial ties between construction firms and political parties dating back 15 years.
    (Econ, 10/29/11, p.46)

2011        Oct, Canada’s PM Stephen Harper announced the country’s biggest ever arms order for naval and coastguard ships costing C$35 billion.
    (Econ, 7/21/12, p.32)

2011        Nov 10, The US government delayed approval of a Canada-to-Texas oil pipeline until after the 2012 US election, bowing to pressure from environmentalists and sparing President Barack Obama a damaging split with liberal voters he may need to win reelection. The State Department was considering rerouting TransCanada Corp.'s proposed $7 billion Keystone XL pipeline to avoid ecologically sensitive areas of Nebraska.
    (Reuters, 11/11/11)

2011        Nov 14, Canada released a new C$100 bill made of plastic, its first step in replacing an entire series of banknotes to thwart counterfeiters and persuade retailers it's safe to accept big bills. Canada is the first to add a metallic hologram that is especially difficult to fake. Plastic notes, nearly impervious to liquids, stains, tearing or wear-and-tear, were pioneered by the Reserve Bank of Australia in 1988.
    (Reuters, 11/15/11)

2011        Nov 23, In Canada one woman was arrested as police cleared tents from the Occupy Toronto protest in a move to end the weeks-long encampment, though some demonstrators chained themselves inside barricaded tents and vowed to stay.
    (Reuters, 11/23/11)

2011        Nov 24, The body of alleged Mafia boss Salvatore Montagna, who US authorities said once led New York's notorious Bonanno crime family, was fished out from a river north of Montreal.
    (AP, 11/25/11)

2011        Nov 30, Amid fears of a eurozone collapse, central banks of the United States, the eurozone, Britain, Japan, Canada and Switzerland said that they would cut the cost of providing dollars to banks. The move pushed the DJIA up 490 points, its biggest gain since March 2009.
    (AFP, 12/1/11)(SFC, 12/1/11, p.D1)

2011        Dec 7, US Pres. Obama and Canada’s PM Stephen Harper announced a new bilateral accord, called Beyond the Border, regarding trade and shared border security.
    (Econ, 12/10/11, p.41)
2011        Dec 7, Japan offered a "heartfelt apology" for the systematic mistreatment of Canadian prisoners during World War Two, helping to heal ties between the two nations.
    (Reuters, 12/8/11)

2011        Dec 12, Canada became the first country to declare it was formally exiting the Kyoto protocol, a reversal that will save it billions of dollars in fines. Canada had agreed under the Kyoto Protocol to reduce CO2 emissions to 6.0 percent below 1990 levels by 2012, but its emissions of the gasses blamed for damaging Earth's fragile climate system have instead increased sharply.
    (AFP, 12/13/11)

2012        Jan 3, In Canada Czech emigre writer Josef Skvorecky (87) died in Toronto. He had published the works of former President Vaclav Havel and other authors persecuted by the communist government at home. His first novel was "The Cowards," written in 1948-1949, describing the atmosphere of Skvorecky's native Czech town of Nachod during the 1945 liberation from Nazism. It was only published in 1958 and then confiscated and banned. It was later translated into more than 20 languages.
    (Reuters, 1/3/12)

2012        Jan 12, Canada’s government abruptly argued that the same-sex marriages of many foreigners who wed in Canada are not valid, a move that stunned the gay community and could affect thousands of couples.
    (Reuters, 1/12/12)

2012        Jan 16, Canada charged Navy Sub-Lieutenant Jeffrey Paul Delisle with giving "a foreign entity" secret information between July 6, 2007 and Jan 13, 2012. He was arrested in Halifax, Nova Scotia. On Jan 20 the Globe and Mail newspaper said two diplomats and two technical staff at the Russian embassy had been dropped from the official list of diplomatic, consular and foreign government representatives recognized by Ottawa.
    (Reuters, 1/20/12)

2012        Jan 18, The Obama Administration rejected the Keystone oil pipeline because there was not enough time to review an alternate route that would avoid a sensitive aquifer in Nebraska within a 60-day window set by Congress. Republicans decried the move for sacrificing jobs and energy security in order to shore up the president's environmental base before elections. TransCanada quickly said it would re-apply for the permit, which it first sought in 2008.
    (Reuters, 1/19/12)

2012        Jan 19, Top Canadian freestyle skier Sarah Burke (29), an early gold medal favorite ahead of the 2014 Olympics, died at a Utah hospital from injuries she suffered in a training fall.
    (Reuters, 1/19/12)

2012        Jan 20, South Korea lifted its nine-year import ban on Canadian beef.
    (Reuters, 1/20/12)

2012        Jan 24, Canada deported a Rwandan man charged with crimes against humanity. Leon Mugesera, who lost a 16-year battle to stay in Canada, will face charges of inciting murder, extermination and genocide.
    (Reuters, 1/24/12)

2012        Jan 29, In Canada 3 members of an Afghan Canadian family, Mohammad Shafia and Tooba Mohammad Yahya, and their eldest son Hamed Mohammad Shafia, were found guilty of the "honor killing" of three siblings and a fourth relative after a high-profile trial. Their victims were three of Hamed's sisters and the woman introduced to outsiders as a cousin, who turned out to be Mohammad Shafia's first wife in a polygamous marriage.
    (Reuters, 1/29/12)

2012        Feb 6, In Canada a crash between a flatbed truck and a van carrying migrant farm workers on a rural crossroads in southwestern Ontario killed 11 people, in one of the most deadly vehicle accidents in Canadian history.
    (Reuters, 2/7/12)

2012        Feb 8, China and Canada signed a series of deals to boost modest levels of bilateral trade and finished negotiations on a foreign investment protection pact after 18 years of talks.
    (Reuters, 2/8/12)
2012        Feb 8, Statistics Canada said the Canadian population grew by 5.9 percent over five years to 33.5 million people in 2011, the fastest growth rate in the Group of Eight leading industrialized nations, according to the country's five-year census.
    (Reuters, 2/8/12)

2012        Feb 11, Canada set the seal on improving ties with China by agreeing to a 10-year loan for two giant pandas, traditionally an indication of official approval from Beijing.
    (Reuters, 2/11/12)

2012        Feb 26, In Canada a passenger train derailed near Burlington in southern Ontario, killing at least 3 VIA Rail employees.
    (Reuters, 2/27/12)

2012        Feb, In Canada Jean Charest, premier of Quebec, announced plans to seek a 60% increase in university-tuition fees over the next 5 years.
    (Econ, 6/9/12, p.42)

2012        Mar 5, Canada said it has shut its embassy in Damascus and is imposing fresh sanctions on Syria, banning all dealings with the central bank as part of a campaign to stop President Bashar al-Assad's crackdown against rebels.
    (Reuters, 3/5/12)

2012        Mar 9, In Canada PM Stephen Harper said a new pedestrian link, to be operational by 2014, would help give Toronto's Billy Bishop Airport the service it deserves. The new tunnel will eliminate the need for a short ferry ride to the downtown island airport.
    (Reuters, 3/10/12)
2012        Mar 9, In Panama Michel Smith, a fugitive wanted in Canada for 22 murders, was detained in the Playa Coronado tourist region. Canadian police have been looking for Smith, suspected of ties to the Hells Angels motorcycle gang, since a massive 2009 gang sweep in the province of Quebec.
    (AP, 3/12/12)

2012        Mar 26, Ontario's highest court struck down a national law that outlaws brothels but upheld an effective ban on street prostitution, a partial victory for those arguing Canada's laws put sex workers in harm's way.
    (Reuters, 3/26/12)

2012        Apr 11, The Nebraska Legislature approved a bill that would provide support for an expected new route for TransCanada Corp's Canada-to-Texas Keystone XL crude oil pipeline that would bypass an environmentally sensitive region in the state. Governor Dave Heineman has said he will sign.
    (Reuters, 4/11/12)

2012        Apr 13, Canada unveiled long-delayed regulations for cutting emissions that aim to make big trucks and buses up to 23 percent less polluting by 2018.
    (Reuters, 4/13/12)

2012        Apr 16, The Canadian mint launched glow-in-the-dark quarters. They featured a dinosaur whose skeleton shines at night from beneath its scaly hide. The mintage was limited to 25,000, and would cost collectors $29.95.
    (c/net, 4/12/12)

2012        Apr 26, In Canada some 125 people were arrested over the last 2 days following student protests over tuition fee increases in central Montreal that turned into window smashing.
    (Econ, 5/5/12, p.39)

2012        May 4, Canada minted its final one-cent coin and urged people to donate the little copper-covered coins to charity rather than let them go to waste.
    (Reuters, 5/4/12)
2012        May 4, Disgraced former press baron Conrad Black (67) was released from a Florida prison after ending his sentence and flown to his home in Canada, which has granted him a temporary resident permit despite his criminal record.
    (Reuters, 5/4/12)

2012        May 10, In Canada officers in Montreal found three devices after receiving dozens of calls about dense smoke in several underground stations. Quebec Premier Jean Charest, embroiled in a high-stakes battle with university students over proposed tuition increases, called the acts "unjustifiable." Thousands of commuters were stranded, but nobody was hurt.
    (Reuters, 5/10/12)
2012        May 10, Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) directors awarded an $896.3 million contract for Canadian firm bombardier to build 410 railcars.
    (SFC, 5/11/12, p.C1)

2012        May 13, In Germany veteran anti-whaling campaigner Paul Watson, a Canadian national, was detained in Frankfurt on charges stemming from a high seas confrontation over shark finning in 2002. The founder of marine conservation group Sea Shepherd remained in custody a day after his arrest on a warrant from Costa Rica. Watson skipped bail on July 22 and fled the country. In August Interpol issued an international notice for his arrest.
    (AFP, 5/14/12)(AFP, 8/8/12)

2012        May 17, The Canada Science and Technology Museum in Ottowa opened "Sex: A Tell-all Exhibition" as planned despite strong criticism from Canadian Heritage Minister James Moore, who has called it an insult to taxpayers.
    (Reuters, 5/17/12)

2012        May 18, In Canada Quebec’s provincial and city governments passed laws to authorize a crackdown on student protests. Angry student leaders vowed to fight the tough new laws to quell 14 weeks of strikes against tuition hikes, threatening to escalate their protests into a broad campaign of civil disobedience.
    (Reuters, 5/18/12)(Econ, 6/9/12, p.42)

2012        May 19, In Malaysia a Canadian Muslim gay activist launched her controversial new book on liberal Islam despite a government minister's attempts to shut down the event. Irshad Manji launched "Allah, Liberty and Love" at a hastily arranged event in Kuala Lumpur after two other venues pulled out of hosting her. Her previous internationally acclaimed book, "The Trouble with Islam Today," was already banned in Malaysia.
    (AFP, 5/19/12)

2012        May 22, In Canada thousands of people marched through central Montreal to mark the 100th day of student protests over tuition increases, a campaign that is turning into a broader movement against the Quebec government and aspects of the capitalist system.
    (Reuters, 5/22/12)

2012        May 23, In Canada locomotive engineers and conductors at Canadian Pacific Railway Ltd went on strike after failing to reach a contract agreement, shutting down freight operations on Canada's second-biggest railroad.
    (Reuters, 5/23/12)

2012        May 28, The Canadian government announced that it will spend $17.5 million over the next 5 years to help prevent the Asian carp from invading the Great Lakes. The fish have been migrating up the Mississippi River and its tributaries for decades.
    (SFC, 5/29/12, p.A6)

2012        May 30, Canadian authorities issued a "Canada-wide arrest warrant" for porn actor Luca Rocco Magnotta (29), a suspect police have connected to a homicide and the mailings of two body parts from Montreal to Ottowa. Police suspected he killed Jun Lin (33), last seen on May 24. Police said Magnotta had dated Lin, filmed the murder and then fled to France. Magnotta was reported arrested in Berlin on Jun 4.
    (SFC, 5/31/12, p.A2)(AP, 6/1/12)(SFC, 6/2/12, p.A2)(Reuters, 6/4/12)
2012        May 30, Ecuadorans sued Chevron in Canada in an attempt to seize $18 billion in assets after the company refused to pay a verdict against it in Ecuador.
    (SFC, 5/31/12, p.A13)

2012        May 31, The Canadian Senate passed back-to-work legislation. Canadian Pacific Railway Ltd expected operations to be back to normal within 48 hours. The government's bill made provision for Ottawa to appoint an arbitrator, who has 90 days to work with the company and the union to craft a compromise contract, which will then be imposed.
    (Reuters, 6/1/12)

2012        Jun 2, In Canada one man was killed and six other people were wounded by gunfire, two critically, in a shooting at Eaton Center, Toronto's main downtown mall. Christopher Husbands (23) turned himself over to police on June 4.
    (Reuters, 6/3/12)(Reuters, 6/4/12)(SFC, 6/4/12, p.A2)

2012        Jun 4, Canadian murder suspect, Luka Rocco Magnotta, was caught at a cafe in Berlin, after evading police for days while he partied in Paris. He was deported back to Canada on June 18.
    (AP, 6/6/12)(Reuters, 6/19/12)

2012        Jun 5, In Canada packages containing a human foot and hand were discovered at two schools in Vancouver, in what could be the latest gruesome twist in the case of Luka Rocco Magnotta, a Canadian porn actor suspected of dismembering and eating his former lover.
    (AP, 6/6/12)

2012        Jun 13, Mississauga, Canada, teen Yoonseo Kang was one of 20 recipients of the $100,000 Thiel Fellowship, a program that encourages bright minds to pursue innovative, entrepreneurial projects outside of a classroom setting. His desire to build a better future influenced his decision to move to Missouri's Open Source Ecology (OSE) farm "to become part of a project that encourages everyday people to build their own machines.
    (http://www.thielfellowship.org/)

2012        Jun 14, Apache Corp said it has made what it believes may be one of the world's largest shale-gas discoveries in a remote corner of northeastern British Columbia, a massive field containing as much as 48 trillion cubic feet of recoverable natural gas.
    (Reuters, 6/15/12)

2012        Jun 15, A British Columbia Supreme Court justice ruled that federal laws banning assisted suicide are unconstitutional because they discriminate against severely ill patients.
    (SFC, 7/14/12, p.A2)(http://tinyurl.com/6v2hh3l)
2012        Jun 15, Canadian PM Stephen Harper and Michigan Governor Rick Snyder announced a deal to build a new bridge linking Detroit and Windsor, a $4 billion project that officials say will help speed the flow of goods across North America's busiest commercial land border crossing. Canada will pay for building the bridge and finance Michigan’s $550 million portion of the project.
    (Reuters, 6/15/12)(Economist, 9/29/12, p.36)
2012        Jun 15, Daredevil Nik Wallenda (33) became the first person to walk across the Niagara Horseshoe Falls on a tightrope. Others have crossed the Niagara River itself, but never over the falls.
    (ABCNews, 6/16/12)

2012        Jun 16, US border agents in Washington state arrested Travis Brandon Baumgartner (21), a Canadian fugitive, suspected of shooting to death 3 fellow security guards and wounding a fourth in a bloody armored-car heist at the University of Alberta in Edmonton a day earlier.
    (Reuters, 6/16/12)

2012        Jun 24, In Canada a roof collapsed at a shopping mall in Elliot Lake, Ontario. Two bodies were recovered on June 27 and 12 people remained unaccounted for.
    (SFC, 6/25/12, p.A2)(Reuters, 6/28/12)

2012        Jul 9, Canadian nuclear engineers at the Candu Energy subsidiary of the SNC-Lavalin Group Inc went on strike in a contract dispute and no talks to end the walkout are scheduled. About 700 engineers joined 144 others who have been on strike for five weeks.
    (Reuters, 7/9/12)

2012        Jul 10, Dozens of people were charged in what US federal authorities called a highly sophisticated six-year-long, loan fraud scheme that robbed $2.7 million from at least 2,000 victims with poor credit histories in Canada and the United States.
    (Reuters, 7/10/12)

2012        Jul 12, In Canada 3 horses were killed and a 4th seriously injured during a chuckwagon race at the Calgary Stampede.
    (Reuters, 7/14/12)

2012        Jul 16, In Canada 2 people were killed and 23 injured when a street party in Toronto’s suburb of Scarborough ended in gunfire.
    (Reuters, 7/17/12)

2012        Jul 18, In Canada Shawn Atleo, chief from the Ahousaht First Nation in British Columbia, was re-elected as national chief of Canada's First Nations.
    (Reuters, 7/18/12)

2012        Jul 23, China’s State-controlled CNOOC Ltd launched a takeover bids by agreeing to buy Canadian oil producer Nexen Inc for $15.1 billion, forcing Ottawa to decide whether national security concerns outweigh its desire for foreign investment in its energy resources.
    (Reuters, 7/23/12)
2012        Jul 23, China Petroleum and Chemical Corp. (Sinopec) agreed to purchase a 49% stake in the North Sea assets of Talisman Energy, a Canadian firm, for $1.5 billion.
    (Econ, 7/28/12, p.56)(http://tinyurl.com/c9v3ypx)

2012        Jul 24, Japanese automaker Toyota Motor Corp said it will invest more than $100 million to expand Lexus production in Canada.
    (Reuters, 7/24/12)

2012        Jul 30, A Canadian government-appointed arbitrator chose to enforce Air Canada's final offer over one proposed by the union representing its 3,000 pilots, ending a long and bitter contract dispute but angering the pilots.
    (Reuters, 7/30/12)
2012        Jul 30, In Canada a passenger found what appeared to be a sewing needle in a pre-prepared sandwich on board an Air Canada flight from Victoria, British Columbia to Toronto. On July 14 sewing needles were found in food on four Delta flights from Amsterdam to the United States, injuring one passenger.
    (Reuters, 8/2/12)

2012        Jul, A team led by entrepreneur Russ Georg scattered some 100 tons of iron dust in the Pacific several hundred miles west of the islands of Haida Gwai in northern British Columbia in a $2.5 million project to aid in the recovery of the salmon fishery for the native Haida people. Canadian environmental officials launched an investigation as marine scientists called the project shoddy science and probably in violation of int’l. agreements intended to prevent tampering with ocean ecosystems.
    (SFC, 10/19/12, p.A6)

2012        Aug 15, In Canada hikers west of Toronto found a severed human foot. Police the next day recovered a severed head in a park near the Credit River in Mississauga, Ontario, a city of 700,000 located just west of Toronto. The body parts were found about one km (0.7 mile) apart. On Aug 21 police said the body parts belonged to Guang Hua Liu (41), a woman who owned a spa in the eastern suburb of Scarborough. On June 26, 2014, Jiang Chunqi was convicted of second-degree murder for killing and dismembering his ex-girlfriend.
    (Reuters, 8/16/12)(Reuters, 8/21/12)(AP, 6/27/14)

2012        Aug 26, Canadian health officials said eight people have died in a rare outbreak of Legionnaires' disease in the province of Quebec, having identified more than 100 cases of the dangerous strain of pneumonia since July.
    (Reuters, 8/27/12)

2012        Aug 30, Canadian officials said they have ordered the deportation of Kimberly Rivera (30), who fled the US military in Feb, 2007, to avoid returning to the war in Iraq.
    (SFC, 8/31/12, p.A2)

2012        Sep 4, In Canada Quebec’s ruling Liberals were defeated in a provincial election after nine years in power. Parti Quebecois leader Pauline Marois became Quebec’s first female premier as she replaced Premier Jean Charest. He had held the seat since November 1998. The left-leaning Parti Quebecois (PQ) captured only 54 of the 125 seats in the legislature.
    (Reuters, 9/4/12)(Reuters, 9/5/12)   
2012        Sep 4, In Canada Richard Henry Bain (62) entered a theater and shot two people where Pauline Marois, leader of the Parti Quebecois, was speaking on behalf of the party’s narrow election victory. One of the victims died. Bain also set fire to the building and was soon arrested.
    (Economist, 9/8/12, p.35)

2012        Sep 5, In Canada a suitcase containing human remains was found floating in Lake Ontario near Toronto, the latest in a series of grisly discoveries by Toronto residents. Police the next day said the human remains belonged to a single mother who went missing early last month and whose body parts had been scattered throughout the city.
    (Reuters, 9/5/12)(Reuters, 9/6/12)

2012        Sep 7, Canada said it has closed its embassy in Iran and will expel all remaining Iranian diplomats in Canada within 5 days, denouncing Tehran as the biggest threat to global security.
    (Reuters, 9/7/12)

2012        Sep 10, A Quebec, Canada, court accused PM Stephen Harper’s government of violating the principles of Canadian federalism by refusing to hand over gun registry data for Quebec.
    (SFC, 9/11/12, p.A2)

2012        Sep 15, Owners of the National Hockey League locked out their players after failing to agree on a new contract.
    (Economist, 9/22/12, p.71)

2012        Oct 10, Canadian naval intelligence officer Sub-Lieutenant Jeffrey Paul Delisle (41) pleaded guilty to handing over secrets to a foreign country. He had been selling secrets to the Russians for about $3,000 a month.
    (Reuters, 10/10/12)(SFC, 10/11/12, p.A2)
2012        Oct 10, In Canada Amanda Michelle Todd (b.1996) committed suicide at her home in Port Coquitlam, British Columbia. Prior to her death, Todd had posted a video on YouTube in which she used a series of flash cards to tell her experience of being blackmailed, bullied and physically assaulted. A stranger had convinced Todd to bare her breasts on camera. The individual later blackmailed her with threats to expose the topless photo to her friends unless she gave a "show". On April 17 Canadian police confirmed an arrest has been made in the Netherlands in the case.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Suicide_of_Amanda_Todd)(AP, 4/18/14)

2012        Oct 16, A gunman in a van shot and critically wounded a female Canadian border officer at the main crossing between Washington state and British Columbia, then immediately killed himself.
    (AP, 10/17/12)

2012        Oct 19, Canadian police in the city of London said 8 girls have been arrested after an investigation into physical, emotional and online bullying of another girl at their high school.
    (Reuters, 10/19/12)

2012        Oct 23, The US Immigration and Customs Enforcement agency (ICE) said it will end its contract with BlackBerry maker Research In Motion Ltd in favor of Apple Inc's iPhone, dealing a new blow to RIM just months before it launches a vital new device.
    (Reuters, 10/23/12)

2012        Oct 30, Will Ferguson, humorist, travel writer and novelist, won Canada's most prestigious and lucrative literary prize. He had penned “419," a fictional tale about the inner workings of Nigerian email scams.
    (Reuters, 10/31/12)
2012        Oct 30, Hurricane Sandy toppled trees and power lines in the Canadian province of Ontario, leaving at least 145,000 people without power.
    (Reuters, 10/30/12)

2012        Nov 4, In Canada Joseph di Maulo, an alleged Mafia kingpin, was shot dead in the driveway of his Quebec home.
    (Econ, 11/17/12, p.34)

2012        Nov 5, Montreal Mayor Gerald Tremblay resigned in the midst of an eye-brow-raising inquiry that has revealed widespread corruption among city officials, contractors and members of organized crime.
    (SFC, 11/7/12, p.A2)

2012        Nov 8, Canada's Supreme Court decided against global drug giant Pfizer Inc in a high-profile case, ruling that a patent on its Viagra erectile dysfunction drug was no longer valid.
    (Reuters, 11/8/12)

2012        Nov 14, Nigeria said it has terminated a $24 million electricity contract with Canada's state-owned Manitoba Hydro, in a setback for plans to privatize a moribund power sector that is holding back economic growth.
    (AP, 11/14/12)

2012        Nov 26, Toronto's Rob Ford, a magnet for controversy during two years as mayor of Canada's largest city, was ordered out of office on after a judge found him guilty of breaking conflict-of-interest laws.
    (Reuters, 11/26/12)
2012        Nov 26, Britain named Canadian central bank chief Mark Carney to head the Bank of England.
    (Reuters, 11/26/12)

2012        Dec 5, In Canada a court ruled that Toronto Mayor Rob Ford can stay in power pending an appeal of a conflict of interest ruling that ordered him out of his job as leader of Canada's biggest city. Ford won his appeal.
    (Reuters, 12/5/12)(Econ, 4/13/13, p.42)

2012        Dec 7, Canada’s PM Stephen Harper approved China's biggest ever foreign takeover, a $15.1 billion bid by state-controlled CNOOC Ltd for energy company Nexen Inc., but drew a line in the sand against future buys by state-owned enterprises. He also approved a smaller deal for a Canadian gas producer by Petronas, Malaysia’s state energy company.
    (Reuters, 12/7/12)(Econ, 12/15/12, p.38)

2012        Dec 11, Canadian aboriginal Chief Theresa Spence, from the remote northern Ontario community of Attawapiskat, began a hunger strike urging PM Stephen Harper to "open his heart" and meet with native leaders angered by his policies.
    (Reuters, 12/28/12)

2012        Dec 14, Canadian Immigration Minister Jason Kenney said Canada will crack down on what it says is a wave of fake refugee claims from European Union nationals and deny the right of appeal to those deemed to be bogus applicants.
    (Reuters, 12/14/12)

2012        Dec 18, Police in Canada's French-speaking province of Quebec announced a breakthrough in the mysterious disappearance last August of truckloads of Canadian maple syrup. Three suspects were arrested, vehicles were seized and syrup-making equipment recovered after a manhunt in Canada and the United States.
    (Reuters, 12/18/12)

2013        Jan 3, Officials said a smuggling ring brought narwhal tusks from the Canadian Arctic into Maine in a trailer with a secret compartment and then illegally sold them to American buyers. In 2015 Andrew Zarauskas (61) was sentenced to nearly three years for buying more than 30 tusks over six years from two Canadians.
    (SFC, 1/4/13, p.A6)(SFC, 1/13/15, p.A6)

2013        Jan 5, In Canada aboriginal demonstrators disrupted passenger rail service on routes connecting Toronto with Ottawa and Montreal, a day after PM Harper agreed to meet with First Nations leaders to discuss grievances behind a growing native protest movement.
    (Reuters, 1/5/13)

2013        Jan 8, A Canadian federal court ruled that 200,000 Metis and 400,000 First nations’ people living outside reserves should also be considered  to be Indians under the constitution.
    (Econ, 1/19/13, p.38)

2013        Jan 18, In northern Colombia leftist ELN rebels kidnapped five gold prospectors doing exploratory drilling for Braeval Mining Corp., a Canadian company.
    (AP, 1/18/13)

2013        Jan 24, In Canada Theresa Spence, a chief from a remote Ontario reserve, agreed to end her hunger strike after talks with other native groups and opposition political parties. Spence traveled to Ottawa in December and set up camp on a small island in the Ottawa River to raise awareness about living conditions for natives across Canada.
    (AP, 1/24/13)

2013        Jan 25, A Canadian police report said a son of deposed Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi allegedly received 120 million euros ($162 million) in bribes for giving major contracts in Libya to SNC-Lavalin Inc, Canada's biggest engineering and construction company. The report did not make clear when the alleged bribes occurred.
    (Reuters, 1/25/13)
2013        Jan 25, Calgary-based Griffiths Energy International will pay a C$10.35 million ($10.26 million) fine after a Canadian court accepted a settlement between the company and prosecutors. The company had admitted to bribing the wife of a Chadian diplomat.
    (AP, 1/26/13)

2013        Jan 26, Ontario's Liberals chose Kathleen Wynne (59), a former Cabinet minister, to become the province's first female premier and first openly gay leader of a Canadian province.
    (Reuters, 1/26/13)

2013        Feb 4, The Royal Canadian Mint officially ended its distribution of pennies to financial institutions.
    (SFC, 2/5/13, p.A2)

2013        Feb 7, In Ottowa, Canada, police said Marc Leduc (56) has been charged with two counts of first-degree murder in connection with the killing of two local sex workers. Pamela Kosmac, 39, was found murdered in 2008 near a bicycle path, while Leanne Lawson, 23, was found in a parking lot in a central part of the city. Leduc was already in custody facing 11 charges related to an alleged sexual assault of a 19-year-old Ottawa woman last November.
    (AP, 2/8/13)

2013        Feb 8, Canadian police arrested Conservative Senator Patrick Brazeau (38) for alleged domestic violence. PM Stephen Harper, who appointed Brazeau to the Senate in 2008, kicked Brazeau out of the Conservative caucus after he heard about the incident.
    (AP, 2/10/13)
2013        Feb 8, In Halifax, Canada, naval officer Sub-Lt. Jeffrey Delisle (41), who handed over secrets to Russia for more than four years, damaging Canada's relations with the United States and other key allies, was jailed for 20 years.
    (Reuters, 2/8/13)

2013        Feb 19, In Los Angeles a body was found in a water tank on the roof of the historic Cecil Hotel. It was soon identified as that of a Canadian woman who went missing in late January. Elisa Lam (21), a college student from Vancouver, British Columbia, was last seen by staff at the hotel on January 31.
    (Reuters, 2/20/13)

2013        Feb, Kyrgyzstan’s Parliament voted to scrap its existing contract with Canada’s Centerra Gold, operator of the Kumtor mine. This mine accounts for as much as 12% of the country’s GDP and half of its exports, while contributing nearly a tenth of the national budget.
    (Econ, 3/16/13, p.42)

2013        Mar 15, A Canadian joint venture operating one of the world's largest gold mines and the government of the Dominican Republic reached an agreement to inspect the company's exports, ending a standoff that halted a shipment valued at nearly $12 million.
    (AP, 3/16/13)

2013        Mar 25, In Canada waste water from Suncor's oil sands operation north of Fort McMurray, Alberta, escaped when a pipe broke after freezing. An estimated 350 cubic meters of contaminated water was released into the river over a 10-hour period, the company said, adding that it did not contain tar-like bitumen.
    (Reuters, 3/27/13)

2013        Mar 28, Canadian Pacific Railway Ltd reopened a rail line in western Minnesota, a day after a mile-long train hauling crude oil from Alberta, Canada, derailed in the area, spilling up to 30,000 gallons of oil.
    (Reuters, 3/28/13)

2013        Apr 3, Canadian Pacific Railway Ltd suffered its second oil spill in a week, but said just four barrels of light crude leaked from tanker cars in a morning derailment in a remote area of northern Ontario. BP’s estimate of the spill was raised the next day to 400 barrels.
    (Reuters, 4/3/13)(Reuters, 4/4/13)

2013        Apr 7, In Halifax, Canada, Rehtaeh Parsons (17) died after being removed from life support following a suicide attempt by hanging on April 4. She had killed herself after a photo of her allegedly being sexually assaulted in Nov, 2011, circulated online. In August one man (18) was charged with two counts of distributing child pornography and the second man (18) was charged with making child pornography and distributing it.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Suicide_of_Rehtaeh_Parsons)(AP, 8/9/13)

2013        Apr 18, The New York Public Service Commission approved a plan to build the Champlain Hudson transmission line, which will be capable of moving 1,000 megawatts of hydropower from Québec to New York City.
    (Reuters, 4/18/13)

2013        Apr 22, In Canada Chiheb Esseghaier (30) of Montreal and Raed Jaser (35) were arrested and charged by police with plotting an attack on a Toronto-area passenger train.
    (Reuters, 4/23/13)

2013        Apr 25, In Haiti Richard Joyal (62), a Catholic missionary from Manitoba, Canada, was shot to death as he left a bank in Port-au-Prince.
    (Reuters, 4/25/13)

2013        Apr 26, In Canada a dispute began at the Edmonton Remand Center after a correctional worker was suspended for complaining about safety issues. Employees at 7 prisons in Alberta followed with strikes to protest the suspension.
    (SSFC, 4/28/13, p.A5)
2013        Apr 26, In Canada Royal Dutch Shell Plc's Shell issued an alert for a hazardous materials leak at its 75,000 barrel-per-day Corunna refinery in Sarnia, Ontario. 3 workers at the refinery were sent to hospital following a hydrogen sulfide leak.
    (AP, 4/26/13)

2013        May 11, Canada deported Mahmoud Mohammad Issa Mohammad, a former Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine commando, to Lebanon. He had taken part in a 1968 assault on an El Al jet in Athens that killed an Israeli man.
    (Reuters, 5/13/13)

2013        May 19, Nigel Wright, the top aide to Canadian PM Stephen Harper, abruptly resigned over his role in a mounting expenses scandal which threatened to undermine the Conservative government.
    (Reuters, 5/19/13)

2013        May 21, A Canadian Pacific derailment spilled 575 barrels of crude oil near Jansen, Saskatchewan. The line reopened the next day as clean up continued.
    (Reuters, 5/22/13)

2013        May 23, Lawyers said an order of the Roman Catholic Church has agreed to pay $16.5 million to more than 400 adults who said they were sexually abused as children by religious leaders. The victims claimed abuse at schools and child-care facilities belonging to the Christian Brothers and the Christian Brothers of Ireland, Inc, in 17 US states and Canada from the late 1940s or early 1950s until the 1980s.
    (Reuters, 5/23/13)

2013        May 27, Canada-based Valeant Pharmaceuticals Int’l. announced the acquisition of Bausch + Lomb, an American eye-health giant, for $8.7 billion.
    (Econ, 6/1/13, p.67)(http://www.valeant.com/about/key-facts)

2013        Jun 2, In Canada a Canadian Pacific freight train derailed in Ontario morning when it was crossing a bridge, sending several cars into the Wahnapitae River, marking the second derailment for the railroad operator in less than two weeks.
    (Reuters, 6/2/13)

2013        Jun 5, In Canada Brent Rathgeber, a member of Parliament from the Conservatives' western stronghold of Alberta, resigned from the caucus and complained the government was not really interested in transparency.
    (Reuters, 6/6/13)

2013        Jun 10, Canada’s Natural Resources Minister Joe Oliver said operators of nuclear power plants will be made liable for the first C$1 billion ($980 million) of damages in the event of an accident, up from C$75 million under existing rules. The government also intends to increase the period during which compensation claims can be made after a disaster to 30 years from 10 years.
    (Reuters, 6/10/13)
2013        Jun 10, In Canada new regulations took effect on home grown marijuana. Old rules will run concurrently until March 31, 2014, to allow time for Ottawa to license new growers. Legal production will be taken out of private homes next year as Canada seeks to address more than a decade of neighborhood spats and criminal activity.
    (Reuters, 6/10/13)

2013        Jun 17, In Canada  Montreal's new Mayor Michael Applebaum, who pledged to stamp out corruption at City Hall when he took office late last year, was arrested by Quebec's anti-corruption police squad. He faced 14 charges including defrauding the government and corruption in municipal affairs.
    (AP, 6/17/13)(SFC, 6/18/13, p.A2)
2013        Jun 17, Canada said it has pledged an additional $98.4 million to Jordan to help the Arab country cope with the costly fallout from the worsening crisis next door in Syria.
    (AP, 6/17/13)

2013        Jun 20, In Canada 2 people were killed in a massive explosion and fire at a fireworks plant near Montreal.
    (Reuters, 6/20/13)

2013        Jun 21, Canada’s western city of Calgary ordered the evacuation of its entire downtown area as flood waters reached the 10th row of the city’s hockey arena. Two bodies have been recovered from floodwaters in southern Alberta.
    (SFC, 6/21/13, p.A2)

2013        Jun 28, In Canada 6 tanker cars that teetered on a partially collapsed railway bridge over Calgary's swollen Bow River were successfully removed. The partially collapsed bridge gave way a day earlier after most of the train had crossed.
    (AP, 6/29/13)

2013        Jul 1, In Canada John Stewart Nuttall and Amanda Marie Korody were arrested and charged with terrorism for attempting to leave pressure cooker bombs at British Columbia's provincial legislature on Canada Day.
    (AP, 7/2/13)

2013        Jul 6, In Canada 5 tanker cars of petroleum products exploded after a train derailed in the middle of the small town of Lac Megantic, Quebec province. The blast destroyed many buildings and sent flames hundreds of feet into the air. 47 people were killed. On October 9, 2015, a US judge approved a $338 million settlement fund for the victims.
    (AP, 7/6/13)(Reuters, 7/10/13)(AP, 7/20/13)(SFC, 10/10/15, p.A2)

2013        Jul 11, In Canada The Weston group’s Loblaw grocery chain agreed to buy Shoppers Drug Mart for $11.9 billion.
    (Econ, 7/20/13, p.58)

2013        Jul 13, In Canada Cory Monteith (31), the young actor who shot to fame in the hit TV series "Glee," was found dead in a hotel room in Vancouver. He was beset by addiction struggles so fierce that he once said he was lucky to be alive. A coroner said he died of an overdose of heroin and alcohol.
    (AP, 7/14/13)(SFC, 7/17/13, p.F2)

2013        Jul 26, In Canada a truck carrying 9,250 gallons of jet fuel crashed into a creek in the Kootenay region of British Columbia. The truck was enroute to supply helicopters battling wildfires in the Perry Ridge area.
    (SSFC, 7/28/13, p.A2)

2013        Jul 27, In Canada Sammy Yatim (18) was shot to death while holding a knife by police officers in an empty Toronto streetcar. The event, caught on video and posted to YouTube, sparked calls of unnecessary police force. On August 19 a Toronto police officer was charged with murder.
    (SFC, 7/30/13, p.A2)(SFC, 8/20/13, p.A2)

2013        Aug 5, In Canada brothers Noah and Connor Barthe, agers 4 and 6, were killed by an African rock python as they slept in their home in Campbellton, New Brunswick. The 100-pound snake had escaped from its enclosure, slithered through a ventilator and fell through the ceiling of their room.
    (SSFC, 8/11/13, p.A4)

2013        Aug 29, A Canadian tax court said Winston Blackmore, leader of a Hutterite community in Bountiful, British Columbia that practices a fundamentalist form of Mormonism, underreported his income by more than Can$1.68 million ($1.6 million).
    (AFP, 8/30/13)

2013        Sep 16, Bombardier of Canada launched the maiden flight of its new cSeries narrow-body plane with 100-150 seats.
    (Econ, 9/21/13, p.66)

2013        Sep 18, In Canada a passenger train collided with a double-decker city bus in Ottawa, killing 6 people.
    (Reuters, 9/18/13)

2013        Sep 19, The organizers of the Rhodes Scholarships said a Canadian philanthropist (the McCall MacBain Foundation) is giving of 75 million pounds ($120 million) to the program, the largest single donation since the prestigious program was founded in 1903.
    (AP, 9/19/13)

2013        Sep 20, Canada-based BlackBerry said it would cut 4,500 jobs as the struggling smartphone maker retrenches in the face of hefty losses and weak sales of its new handsets.
    (AFP, 9/20/13)

2013        Sep 23, Ontario-based BlackBerry said it got a $4.7 billion buyout offer from a group led by Fairfax Financial Holdings Limited, its biggest shareholder.
    (AFP, 9/24/13)(SFC, 9/24/13, p.D5)

2013        Sep 26, Norwegian oil group Statoil said it had made a big oil find off the coast of Newfoundland in Canada with 300 million to 600 million barrels of recoverable crude.
    (AFP, 9/26/13)

2013        Sep 29, SpaceX launched a Falcon 9 rocket to carry Cassiope, a Canadian communications and weather satellite, into orbit.
    (Econ, 10/5/13, p.86)

2013        Sep 30, Canadian oil company Pacific Rubiales said it is acquiring Colombia’s Petrominerales for around 1.6 billion Canadian dollars ($1.55 billion).
    (AFP, 9/30/13)

2013        Oct 9, In Canada Paul Desmarais Sr. (88), one of the country’s richest and most influential men, died. The self-made billionaire transformed an ailing family-owned bus company into a $271 billion global conglomerate, and was a friend to four Canadian prime ministers.
    (AFP, 10/9/13)

2013        Oct 10, Short story master Alice Munro (82), who captures the everyday lives and epiphanies of men and women in rural Canada with elegant and precise prose, won the Nobel Prize in literature.
    (AP, 10/10/13)(SFC, 10/11/12, p.A3)

2013        Oct 17, Canadian police arrested at least 40 protesters opposed to shale gas development in New Brunswick after vehicles were set ablaze and a shot was fired.
    (AFP, 10/17/13)

2013        Oct 18, Canada and the EU struck a tentative Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) meant to boost growth and employment.
    (AP, 10/18/13)(Econ, 10/26/13, p.18)
2013        Oct 18, Canada’s Supreme Court, in the case of a severely-brain damaged man, ruled that family, not doctors, should decide when to cut off life support.
    (AFP, 10/18/13)

2013        Oct 19, In Canada a train carrying crude oil and liquefied petroleum gas derailed west of Edmonton, Alberta, causing a fire, but no injuries.
    (Reuters, 10/19/13)

2013        Oct 28, The governors of California, Oregon and Washington states along with the premier of British Columbia agreed to coordinate greenhouse gas reduction goals.
    (SFC, 10/29/13, p.A1)

2013        Oct 31, Calls for the resignation of Toronto Mayor Rob Ford intensified after police said they had obtained a video that appears to show him smoking a crack pipe, discovered in a massive surveillance operation of a friend who is suspected of supplying the mayor with drugs.
    (AP, 11/1/13)

2013        Nov 4, Canada-based BlackBerry abandoned hopes of finding a buyer, and instead pegged its future on a $1 billion cash infusion and new management, after the sudden departure of its chief executive.
    (AFP, 11/4/13)

2013        Nov 5, Canada's Senate effectively expelled three of their own for what an audit revealed were "troubling" expense claims, as a federal police probe intensified.
    (AFP, 11/5/13)

2013        Nov 7, A new video surfaced showing Toronto Mayor Rob Ford threatening to "murder" someone and "poke his eyes out" in a rambling rage, deepening concerns among both critics and allies that he is no longer fit to lead Canada's largest city.
    (AP, 11/7/13)

2013        Nov 10, In Canada 5 people died in a plane crash near Red Lake in northwestern Ontario.
    (SFC, 11/12/13, p.A2)

2013        Nov 12, A company owned by Canada's Gabriel Resources said it still hopes to start digging for gold in Romania in 2014, despite a negative vote by a parliamentary committee.
    (AFP, 11/12/13)
2013        Nov 12, Mylene Paquette (35) of Quebec, Canada, made history by becoming the first North American to make a west-to-east solo crossing of the Atlantic by rowboat.
    (AFP, 11/13/13)

2013        Nov 15, Toronto police said a global investigation into a Canadian child porn website has led to the arrest of 341 people including teachers, doctors and police officers, and the rescue of 386 sexually abused children. Australian police said they had arrested 65 of the total.
    (AFP, 11/15/13)
2013        Nov 15, In Canada the city councillors of Toronto voted to limit their hell-raising mayor's powers after Rob Ford’s latest obscene outburst.
    (AFP, 11/15/13)

2013        Nov 18, In Canada the City Council of Toronto stripped Mayor Rob Ford (44) of his meaningful powers following a heated debate.
    (SFC, 11/19/13, p.A2)
2013        Nov 18, Almost 800,000 homes and businesses in the US Midwest and Ontario, Canada, were without power following severe thunderstorms. Michigan was the hardest-hit state with more than 540,000 customers out.
    (Reuters, 11/18/13)

2013        Dec 1, Canadian police said a naval engineer has been arrested and charged for taking steps to transmit sensitive information to China related to shipbuilding procurement strategy.
    (AFP, 12/2/13)

2013        Dec 9, Canada signalled intentions to claim the North Pole and surrounding Arctic waters while announcing the filing of a UN application seeking to vastly expand its Atlantic sea boundary.
    (AFP, 12/9/13)

2013        Dec 10, Russia’s President Vladimir Putin ordered the military to step up its presence in the Arctic after Canada signalled its intention to claim the North Pole and surrounding waters.
    (AFP, 12/10/13)

2013        Dec 11, Canada's postal service said it will phase out door-to-door mail delivery in response to falling mail volumes and big financial losses. Canadians will instead have to collect their mail from corner community mailboxes that are to be set up in cities nationwide.
    (AFP, 12/11/13)
2013        Dec 11, Air Canada announced it had placed a firm $6.5 billion order for 61 Boeing 737 MAX narrow-body aircraft, with options on 18 more planes and purchase rights for 30 others.
    (AFP, 12/11/13)

2013        Dec 16, More than 50 top European and US scientists wrote to the European Commission President urging him to press ahead with a plan to label tar sands as more polluting than other forms of oil, in defiance of intensive lobbying from Canada.
    (Reuters, 12/20/13)
2013        Dec 16, In Indonesia Canadian activist Jeremy Ball visited jailed independence supporters in Papua at the end of a six-month bicycle tour to highlight human rights concerns about the restive eastern region.
    (AP, 12/17/13)

2013        Dec 20, Canada's highest court struck down the country's anti-prostitution laws, a victory for sex workers who had argued that a ban on brothels and other measures made their profession more dangerous.
    (AP, 12/20/13)

2013        Dec 22, A band of severe weather from tornadoes to icy blasts left at least 7 people dead as winter storms and severe weather pushed up the East Coast, bringing record high temperatures to Philadelphia and NYC. The storm system brought freezing rain across much of Eastern Canada, cutting power to hundreds of thousands of people and wreaking havoc on holiday plans at one of the busiest travel times of the year.
    (Reuters, 12/23/13)(AP, 12/23/13)

2014        Jan 2, Canadian lawmaker  Rathika Sitsabaiesan said she was intimidated and warned she could be deported during an ongoing visit to her birthplace of Jaffna, the war-battered Tamil heartland of Sri Lanka.
    (AFP, 1/2/14)

2014        Jan 3, The health minister of Alberta, Canada, said an H1N1 flu outbreak in Alberta has sickened nearly 1,000 people and killed five over the past few weeks. He urged everyone to get vaccinated.
    (AFP, 1/3/14)

2014        Jan 6, Extreme cold in Canada disrupted flights and school classes. Temperatures as low as minus 50 degrees Celsius (-58 Fahrenheit) plunged the western Prairies region into a deep freeze, heightening risks of frostbite and hypothermia.
    (AFP, 1/6/14)

2014        Jan 7, A blast of bone-chilling cold snarled air travel, closed schools and prompted calls for people to stay inside in the United States and Canada, as temperatures plunged to lows not seen in two decades. At least 9 people were reported dead due to the weather.
    (AFP, 1/7/14)(Reuters, 1/9/14)
2014        Jan 7, In Canada a freight train carrying crude oil and propane derailed in New Brunswick province. One locomotive and 17 cars derailed. 5 cars carried oil and 4 carried propane.
    (AP, 1/8/14)(SFC, 1/9/14, p.A2)

2014        Jan 8, Canada announced the first H5N1 avian flu death in North America, of a patient who had just returned from China.
    (AFP, 1/9/14)

2014        Jan 12, In Afghanistan Daniel Menard, a former Canadian brigadier-general and head of Canadian forces in Afghanistan, was detained for alleged gun smuggling. He was currently working for security firm Garda World. Menard had resigned from the military after pleading guilty in 2011 to having an affair with a female corporal under his command.
    (AFP, 1/30/14)

2014        Jan 14, Japanese engineering giant JGC Corp. said it has won a contract to help build a Canadian liquefied natural gas plant in a deal reportedly worth $9.4 billion.
    (AFP, 1/14/14)

2014        Jan 17, Taiwan lifted a ban on imports of Canadian beef-on-the-bone as part of its efforts to promote investment talks with the country and its participation in regional trade blocs. The new measure will take effect in mid-February.
    (AFP, 1/17/14)

2014        Jan 18, A Canadian pilot was among two people feared dead when the small plane he was flying went down in Guyana's thick Amazon jungle two minutes after takeoff.
    (AFP, 1/18/14)

2014        Jan 19, Canadian PM Stephen Harper began his first official visit to Israel, with his Israeli counterpart Benjamin Netanyahu hailing him as a "great friend" of the Jewish state.
    (AFP, 1/19/14)

2014        Jan 20, Canada’s PM Stephen Harper said the staunch Israeli ally would provide additional financial support for the West Bank, as he met Palestinian president Mahmud Abbas in Ramallah.
    (AFP, 1/20/14)

2014        Jan 22, TransCanada began delivering oil from Cushing, Oklahoma, to customers in Nederland, Texas, through the southern portion of the proposed Keystone XL pipeline.
    (SFC, 1/23/14, p.A6)

2014        Jan 23, In Canada an early morning fire at a Quebec residence for elderly people killed at least 32 people. Eight of the 32 remained missing.
    (AFP, 1/23/14)(AP, 1/25/14)(Reuters, 1/26/14)(SSFC, 2/2/14, p.A7)

2014        Jan 24, Air Canada suspended ticket sales in Venezuela, adding to a rising number of airlines protesting a government devaluation of the local currency just for travelers.
    (AFP, 1/24/14)

2014        Jan 28, Canada's BMO Financial Group said it will acquire UK-based financial manager F&C for 1.3 billion Canadian dollars (860 million euros).
    (AFP, 1/28/14)

2014        Feb 13, Toronto-based Barrick Gold Corp., the world's largest gold miner, announced massive losses while forecasting rising costs and less gold to dig for profitably.
    (AFP, 2/13/14)

2014        Feb 25, Canada-based BlackBerry said it will release a low-cost phone in Indonesia in April and plans a broader release of a phone that restores a beloved row of control keys with a track pad.
    (AP, 2/25/14)

2014        Feb 26, Canadian anesthesiologist Dr. George Doodnaught (65) was sentenced to 10 years in prison for sexually assaulting 21 sedated women.
    (SFC, 2/27/14, p.A2)

2014        Feb, The Royal Canadian Mounted Police laid fraud and breach-of-trust charges against suspended Sen. Patrick Brazeau and former Sen. Mac Harb that stemmed from claims they made for housing and living expenses.
    (Reuters, 4/10/14)

2014        Mar 4, Chinese millionaires pleaded for the Canadian government not to throw away the immigration applications of thousands of Chinese nationals as part of its plans to end a backlogged investor program.
    (AP, 3/4/14)

2014        Mar 4, In Mexico one person was killed when illegal miners attacked the mine and offices in Guanajuato state of a silver mine run by Canada-based Great Panther Silver company.
    (AFP, 3/6/14)

2014        Mar 12, Canada ended military operations in Afghanistan, ending a 12-year mission ahead of an end-of-year deadline for foreign combat operations to end.
    (AP, 3/12/14)

2014        Mar 13, The Toronto National Post reported that a new generation of mutant lice have become immune to poisons of decades past and constituted 97.1% of all Canadian head lice cases.
    (SSFC, 3/16/14, p.A4)

2014        Apr 7, Quebec voters gave a resounding no to the prospect of holding a third referendum on independence from Canada, handing the main separatist party in the French-speaking province one of its worst electoral defeats ever. Liberals got 41.5 percent of the vote and took 70 seats in the 125-member National Assembly.
    (AP, 4/8/14)

2014        Apr 10, Jim Flaherty (b.1949), former Canadian finance minister, died just week after leaving the cabinet of PM Stephen Harper.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jim_Flaherty)(Econ, 5/3/14, p.30)

2014        Apr 15, In Canada 5 people died in a stabbing rampage at a house party held to mark the end of university classes in Calgary. Matthew Douglas de Grood (22), the son of a police officer and a recent graduate of the University of Calgary, picked up a large knife shortly after arriving at the party and stabbed the victims one by one shortly after 1 a.m.
    (AFP, 4/15/14)(AP, 4/16/14)

2014        Apr 30, Toronto Mayor Rob Ford said he will take an immediate leave of absence to seek help for alcohol, as a report surfaced about a second video of the mayor smoking what appears to be crack cocaine.
    (AP, 5/1/14)

2014        May 1, Royal Canadian Mounted Police announced that they have identified some 1,000 cases of murdered aboriginal women and girls over the last 30 years with most cases between 1990 and 2013.
    (SFC, 5/3/14, p.A4)

2014        May 6, Farley Mowat (b.1921), Canadian author, died. His 40 books included “Never Cry Wolf" (1963). His experience observing wolves in sub-Arctic Canada" was adapted into a film of the same name in 1983.
    (SFC, 5/9/14, p.D7)

2014        May 13, Canada-based BlackBerry launched a new lower-cost smartphone designed specifically for Indonesia in an attempt to win back market share that has plunged in recent years but remains higher than in many other nations.
    (AP, 5/13/14)

2014        Jun 4, In Canada 3 police officers were killed late today and two more were taken to hospital with non-life threatening injuries in Moncton New Brunswick. The Royal Canadian Mounted Police mounted a massive hunt and soon arrested suspect Justin Bourque (24) in Moncton.
    (AP, 6/5/14)(Reuters, 6/6/14)

2014        Jun 7, In Canada three inmates escaped from the Orsainville Detention Center in Quebec City with the help of a helicopter. All three were captured on June 22 at a Montreal residence.
    (AP, 6/7/14)(SFC, 6/23/14, p.A2)

2014        Jun 17, Canada’s government approved a proposed pipeline to the Pacific Coast that would allow oil to be shipped to Asia.
    (SFC, 6/18/14, p.A2)

2014        Jun 26, Canada's Supreme Court recognized native groups' rights over a large swathe of land for the first time in western British Columbia province. The landmark ruling in favor of the semi-nomadic Tsilhqot'in people -- numbering about 3,000 -- could have an impact on similar Native American claims currently pending in court.
    (AFP, 6/27/14)

2014        Jun 30, In Canada Toronto Mayor Rob Ford returned to work after a two-month stay in rehab and vowed to stay clean.
    (SFC, 7/1/14, p.A2)

2014        Jul 5, In Canada Arthur struck with near-hurricane strength and knocked out power to more than 250,000 customers in New Brunswick and Nova Scotia.
    (SFC, 7/7/14, p.A2)

2014        Jul 11, The Canadian government of PM Stephen Harper added 14 individuals to a list of people facing economic sanctions and travel bans related to the Ukrainian crisis. This brings to 43 the number of Russians targeted by Canada in sanctions coordinated with the US and the EU. Thirty pro-Russian Ukrainians have also been hit with visa bans and other measures by Ottawa.
    (AFP, 7/12/14)

2014        Jul 17, The Royal Canadian Mounted Police laid 31 charges against suspended Sen. Mike Duffy over some $200,000 of falsified expenses.
    (SFC, 7/18/14, p.A2)

2014        Jul 22, Canada’s Public Safety Minister said twenty members of a Hungarian human trafficking ring have been deported.
    (SFC, 7/23/14, p.A2)

2014        Aug 8, In Canada a patient back from Nigeria who showed symptoms of fever and flu -- possible signs of Ebola -- was put in isolation in a Toronto-area hospital.
    (AFP, 8/8/14)
2014        Aug 8, In Canada a small plane crashed on Chappie Lake, south of Kenora, Ontario. 3 people on a fishing trip from Grand Rapids, Minnesota, were killed.
    (SSFC, 8/10/14, p.A2)

2014        Aug 12, Canada said it will donate a small quantity of an experimental Ebola vaccine developed in its government lab to the World Health Organization for use in Africa.
    (Reuters, 8/12/14)

2014        Aug 26, Burger King said it has agreed to buy Canada's coffee and donut chain Tim Hortons in an $11 billion deal that would create the world's third-largest fast food company and be based in Canada.
    (AFP, 8/26/14)

2014        Sep 1, In Canada Jacobus Marinus van Nierop, a fugitive Dutch dentist, was arrested in Nackawic, New Brunswick, following an int’l. manhunt. He was accused of mutilating dozens of French patients.
    (http://tinyurl.com/n6poox4)(AFP, 9/4/14)

2014        Sep 5, PM Stephen Harper said Canada will send 50 to 100 military advisers to Iraq to bolster an effort against Islamic militants.
    (SFC, 9/6/14, p.A2)

2014        Sep 14, In Canada "The Imitation Game," a biopic of British codebreaker Alan Turing starring Benedict Cumberbatch, won the Toronto film festival's top prize.
    (AFP, 9/14/14)

2014        Sep 24, Canada-based BlackBerry introduced its new Passport smartphone, a square-shaped device with a keyboard.
    (SFC, 9/25/14, p.C3)

2014        Sep 26, European Union leaders said a major trade agreement with Canada has the backing of all 28 EU countries after last minute opposition from Germany had threatened to scuttle the deal.
    (AP, 9/26/14)
2014        Sep 26, Cuba notified Ontario-based Tokmakjian Group that its president, Cy Tokmakjian (74) has been sentenced to 15 years in Cuban prison on corruption-related charge. Tokmakjian Group said the charges against its president were concocted as an excuse to seize the automotive firm's $100 million in assets in Cuba.
    (AP, 9/27/14)

2014        Sep 29, Canada's broadcast regulator (CRTC) gave American companies Google and Netflix a three-day deadline to turn over subscriber data or have their testimony expunged from a major public hearing. The Internet giants refused to share the data earlier this month.
    (AFP, 9/30/14)

2014        Oct 7, Canada's Parliament voted to authorize airstrikes against the Islamic State militant group in Iraq following a US request.
    (AP, 10/7/14)

2014        Oct 20, In Canada Martin Couture-Rouleau (25) smashed his car into the two soldiers in the Quebec city of Saint-Jean-Sur-Richelieu before fleeing with police in pursuit. Officers opened fired on the suspect, who later died. The suspect was described by Canadian authorities a young convert to Islam. One of the injured soldiers soon died in hospital.
    (AFP, 10/21/14)(SFC, 10/22/14, p.A2)(Econ, 10/25/14, p.41)

2014        Oct 22, Canadian Cpl. Nathan Cirillo was shot at the Canadian war memorial in Ottawa and a shooter was seen running towards the nearby parliament buildings where more shots were fired. Michael Zehaf-Bibeau, a reported convert to Islam, fatally shot Cirillo and raced through Parliament before being killed by Sergeant-at-Arms Kevin Vickers (58).
    (Reuters, 10/22/14)(Reuters, 10/23/14)(SFC, 10/24/14, p.A2)

2014        Nov 8, The central banks of China and Canada said they have agreed to a currency swap worth 200 billion yuan ($32.67 billion) or C$30 billion, effective for three years.
    (Reuters, 11/9/14)

2014        Nov 28, German media reported that Germany has approved BlackBerry's purchase of encryption firm Secusmart after signing a "no-spy" agreement with the Canadian smartphone maker.
    (AP, 11/28/14)

2014        Dec 4, Canada’s Indsutry Minister James Moore signed off on the takeover of US-based Burger King by Ontario-based Tim Hortons chain of coffee shops.
    (SFC, 12/5/14, p.C2)

2014        Dec 23, In Canada Luka Magnotta (32) was found guilty of first-degree murder in a case in which Chinese student Jun Lin (33) was killed and dismembered in Montreal in the spring of 2012.
    (Reuters, 12/23/14)

2014        Dec 28, In Canada Phu Lam (53) killed his wife Tien Truong (35), her eight-year-old son, her parents, her sister, her three-year-old niece and an acquaintance of Truong's at a home in northeast Edmonton. The next day Lam shot and killed Cindy Duong (37) in a home in south Edmonton. He was found dead by his own hand in a restaurant in the Edmonton bedroom community of Fort Saskatchewan.
    (AP, 12/31/14)(AFP, 1/3/15)

2015        Jan 8, Canada announced that it would welcome 10,000 Syrians over three years and 3,000 more Iraqis fleeing war and Islamic State militants.
    (SSFC, 1/11/15, p.A4)

2015        Jan 15, Canadian manufacturer Bombardier suspended its business jets program due to "weak market demand," resulting in layoffs of 1,000 employees in Mexico and the United States.
    (AFP, 1/15/15)
2015        Jan 15, American discount retailer Target announced its exit from Canada, after a highly-anticipated but ultimately disastrous launch only two years earlier.
    (AFP, 1/15/15)

2015        Jan 18, Dozens of Palestinian protesters hurled eggs and shoes at the convoy of the visiting Canadian foreign minister in a show of defiance toward Canada's perceived pro-Israel stance.
    (AP, 1/18/15)

2015        Jan 20, A senior Canadian officer said Canadian special forces exchanged gunfire with Islamic State fighters in Iraq in recent days, in the first confirmed ground battle between Western troops and IS.
    (AFP, 1/20/15)

2015        Jan 21, Canada's central bank lowered its key lending rate to 0.75 percent to bolster an economy facing a major slowdown over the recent plunge in oil prices. The rate cut pushed the Loonie down to around 80 American cents from 94 cents a year ago.
    (AFP, 1/21/15)(Econ, 1/31/15, p.62)

2015        Jan 28, A new report said Canada's electronic spy agency has been intercepting and analyzing data on up to 15 million file downloads a day as part of a global surveillance program. The spying initiative was revealed in 2012 documents obtained by US whistleblower Edward Snowden. Canada is part of the Five Eyes intelligence-sharing network along with the United States, Britain, Australia and New Zealand.
    (Reuters, 1/28/15)

2015        Jan 30, Canada's spy agency was granted new powers to thwart terror plots in a security overhaul precipitated by recent jihadist attacks.
    (AFP, 1/30/15)

2015        Feb 3, Toronto’s National Post reported that Canada’s drug-price regulator has accused Alexion Pharmaceutical of exceeding the permissible price cap for its drug Solaris. Alexion charged $700,000 per patient in Canada for the potentially life-saving treatment for two rare blood diseases.
    (SSFC, 2/8/15, p.A4)

2015        Feb 6, Canada's highest court unanimously struck down a ban on doctor-assisted suicide for mentally competent patients with terminal illnesses.
    (AP, 2/6/15)

2015        Feb 13, Canada, a major exporter of beef, said it has found a case of mad cow disease in a beef cow in the province of Alberta, the first in the country since 2011.
    (Reuters, 2/13/15)

2015        Feb 15, In Canada over 3,000 Teamster members went on strike at Canadian Pacific Railway after contract talks failed to reach an agreement. The strike ended on Feb 16 as both sides agreed to resume discussions.
    (SFC, 2/14/15, p.A2)(SFC, 2/17/15, p.A2)
2015        Feb 15, A Canadian National train loaded with crude oil derailed  in northern Ontario. At least seven cars burst into flames.
    (SFC, 2/17/15, p.A5)

2015        Feb 17, Canadian officials said the cost of Canada's six-month bombing mission against the Islamic State group in Iraq was estimated at more than $100 million.
    (AFP, 2/17/15)
2015        Feb 17, Canada imposed sanctions on Russia over its conduct in Ukraine, a move Moscow said would fuel further tension in Ukraine and prevent the implementation of the ceasefire.
    (Reuters, 2/18/15)

2015        Feb 18, The Obama administration and Canada agreed on financing construction of a plaza for a new $2.1 billion bridge connecting Detroit to Windsor. A public-private partnership will reimburse the plaza construction with bridge tolls.
    (SFC, 2/19/15, p.A8)

2015        Feb 21, Cuba released Cy Tokmakjian (71), a Canadian automobile executive, who had been held for more than 3 years on corruption charges. His family held that his prosecution was an excuse to seize his company’s $100 million assets in Cuba. 
    (SSFC, 2/22/15, p.A5)

2015        Mar 11, A group of Canadian imams and religious scholars issued a religious edict against the Islamic State group, denouncing its threats against and recruitment in Canada.
    (AP, 3/11/15)
2015        Mar 11, Britain’s 2015 Templeton Prize went to Canadian Jean Vanier, who founded the pioneering global network of "L'Arche" residential communities for people with and without mental disabilities. The prize, established in 1972, honors "entrepreneurs of the spirit".
    (AFP, 3/11/15)

2015        Mar 14, In Canada thousands protested against Bill C-51, a new anti-terrorism legislation proposed by the Conservative government of PM Stepehn Harper.
    (Econ., 3/21/15, p.30)

2015        Mar 20, In Canada Raed Jaser (37), a longtime resident of Palestinian descent, and Tunisian-born Chiheb Esseghaier (32), accused of plotting to attack a passenger train travelling from New York to Toronto, were found guilty of several terror-related charges. They will be sentenced April 10. On Sep 23 both men were sentenced to life in prison. Each would have to serve at least ten years before becoming eligible for parole.
    (AP, 3/21/15)(SFC, 9/24/15, p.A2)

2015        Mar 29, An Air Canada flight crash landed and slid off the runway in the east coast city of Halifax, with the airline confirming 23 passengers and crew suffered non-life threatening injuries.
    (Reuters, 3/29/15)

2015        Apr 2, Canadian authorities said seven members of an Asia-based organized crime syndicate have been arrested for exploiting more than 500 women mostly from China and Korea in a prostitution ring that spanned the country.
    (AP, 4/3/15)
2015        Apr 2, Dubai-based port operator DP World said it has reached a deal to acquire the Fairview container terminal in Canada from Deutsche Bank for 580 million Canadian dollars, or about $457 million.
    (AP, 4/2/15)

2015        Apr 6, Canadian health authorities said two turkey farms in Ontario have been placed under quarantine after H5 bird flu was detected in one of them.
    (AFP, 4/7/15)

2015        Apr 10, Canadian researchers said China has expanded its Internet censorship efforts beyond its borders with a new strategy that attacks websites across the globe. The new strategy, dubbed "Great Cannon," seeks to shut down websites and services aimed at helping Chinese citizens circumvent the "Great Firewall".
    (AFP, 4/10/15)

2015        Apr 14, Canada said it will send 200 military trainers to Ukraine. The training is to include explosive ordnance disposal, military police tactics, field medicine, flight safety and logistics.
    (AFP, 4/14/15)

2015        Apr 15, Indian PM Narendra Modi, on the first full day of his visit to Canada, signed a deal to buy more than 3,000 tons of Canadian uranium over the next five years to fuel his country's power reactors.
    (AP, 4/15/15)

2015        Apr 20, The annual Goldman Environmental Prize was awarded in San Francisco to six activists. They included: Marilyn Baptiste (44) of Canada, for her work to stop the development of an open pit gold and copper mine that threatened lakes in British Columbia; Berta Caceres (42) of Honduras for her efforts fighting the Agua Zarca Dam, which threatened to cut off the water and hunting grounds of the Lenca people; Phyllis Omido (35) of Kenya for her work exposing lead fumes from a smelting plant; Jean Wiener of Haiti (50) for his efforts to protect and restore marine wildlife; Howard Wood (60) of Scotland for his efforts to restore undersea ecology; and Myint Zaw (39) of Myanmar for halt the construction of a hydroelectric plant on the Irrawaddy River that would submerge 50 villages and displace 18,000 people.   
    (SFC, 4/20/15, p.A6)

2015        May 2, Canadian PM Stephen Harper made an unannounced visit to Iraq days after lawmakers extended and expanded the NATO member's air campaign against the Islamic State jihadist group.
    (AFP, 5/2/15)

2015        May 5, Canada said it hit a record Can$3.0 billion (US$2.5 billion) deficit in March amid slumping energy exports.
    (AFP, 5/5/15)

2015        May 7, Canada released on bail Omar Khadr (28), a Canada-born former Guantanamo bay inmate. He had been convicted in 2010 of throwing a grenade that mortally wounded a US soldier during a 2002 firefight in Afghanistan and in 2012 was sent to Canada to complete an 8-year sentence.
    (SFC, 5/8/15, p.A2)
2015        May 7, In Canada Randy Janzen wrote on Facebook that he had killed his 19-year-old daughter because of lifelong migraines that made her depressive. He also killed his wife and sister, before burning himself to death in a Vancouver suburb.
    (AFP, 5/8/15)

2015        May 20, Canadian police said they arrested 10 young people from Montreal last week who were suspected of wanting to leave the country to join jihadist groups.
    (Reuters, 5/20/15)

2015        Jun 1, A Canadian court ordered tobacco firms to pay Can$15.5 billion (US$12.4 billion) to smokers in Quebec who claimed they were never warned about the health risks associated with smoking. Imperial Tobacco Canada, Rothmans Benson & Hedges and JTI-MacDonald said they would appeal.
    (AFP, 6/2/15)

2015        Jun 29, Canada announced economic sanctions against Russian energy firms including natural gas producer Gazprom over Moscow's role in the Ukraine crisis.
    (Reuters, 6/30/15)

2015        Jun 30, Russia expressed disappointment over new sanctions imposed by Canada over Moscow's role in the Ukraine crisis and warned that it would respond.
    (Reuters, 6/30/15)

2015        Jul 5, In Vancouver, Canada, the US women’s soccer team won the World Cup with a 5-2 victory over Japan.
    (SFC, 7/6/15, p.A1)

2015        Jul 6, The Canadian military was called in to help fight wildfires in the Western province of Saskatchewan, where 112 active fires have forced the evacuation of more than 13,000 people and threatened several remote towns.
    (Reuters, 7/6/15)

2015        Jul 12, Canadian opera singer John Vickers (b.1926), nicknamed "God's tenor" for his inimitable voice and strong Christian beliefs, died in Ontario.
    (AP, 7/12/15)

2015        Jul 16, The United States, Russia and other Arctic nations signed an agreement to bar their fishing fleets from fast-thawing seas around the North Pole. The accord was also signed in Oslo by the ambassadors of Canada, Norway and Denmark.
    (Reuters, 7/16/15)

2015        Jul 30, Canada’s labor minister announced that the government would declare microbeads to be a toxic substance and prohibit the manufacture, import and sale of personal care products  that contain them.
    (Econ, 8/8/15, p.29)

2015        Aug 1, In Canada dozens of topless women — and men — attended a "Bare With Us" rally meant to educate the public about women's right to go shirtless if they choose. Ontario women have had the right to go topless in public since 1996.
    (AP, 8/2/15)
2015        Aug 1, HitchBOT, the adorable hitch-hiking robot cobbled together from household odds-and-ends, prematurely ended its summer travels across America, after being destroyed by vandals and abandoned on the side of a road in Philadelphia. The little talking automaton had hitchhiked unscathed last summer across thousands of miles in Canada, and had traversed parts of Europe as well without so much as a scratch. Canadian creators Frauke Zeller and David Smith considered rebuilding it.
    (AFP, 8/3/15)(SFC, 8/3/15, p.A4)(SFC, 8/4/15, p.A3)

2015        Aug 2, Canada’s PM Stephen Harper requested the dissolution of parliament and began campaigning for an October 19 vote.
    (SFC, 8/3/15, p.A2)

2015        Aug 3, In Canada a shooting began at the Muzik nightclub in Toronto during an event hosted by rapper Drake and then spilled onto the streets leaving at least 2 people dead and three wounded.
    (SFC, 8/5/15, p.A2)

2015        Aug 20, Canada's Valeant Pharmaceuticals said it is paying $1 billion to buy North Carolina-based Sprout Pharmaceuticals, which just won US government approval to sell the first "female Viagra" drug. Valeant shares were up 0.2 percent at $245.47 in pre-market trade on the New York Stock Exchange.
    (AFP, 8/20/15)

2015        Sep 1, Statistics Canada said the national economy shrank again in the second quarter, putting the country in recession for the first time since the financial crisis.
    (Reuters, 9/1/15)

2015        Sep 8, European lawmakers voted overwhelmingly to strengthen an EU ban on seal products, narrowing exceptions made for Canada's indigenous Inuits.
    (AFP, 9/8/15)

2015        Sep 19, Canada's conservative government said it would accept 10,000 Syrian refugees within one year by simplifying and speeding up the immigration application process.
    (AFP, 9/19/15)

2015        Oct 1, The foreign minister and the people of the Marshall Islands were honored for taking legal action against the nuclear powers for failing to honor disarmament obligations. Tony de Brum and the people of the Pacific island group shared the honorary portion of the 2015 Right Livelihood Award, sometimes referred to as the "alternative Nobel." This year's 3-million-kronor ($358,500) cash award was shared by Canada's Sheila Watt-Cloutier, for her supports to Inuit causes; Uganda's Kasha Jacqueline Nabagesera, for her struggle for sexual minorities' rights; and Italian surgeon Gino Strada, for providing medical assistance to victims of war.
    (AP, 10/1/15)

2015        Oct 5, Twelve Pacific rim countries sealed the deal on creating the world's largest free trade area (TPP), delivering President Barack Obama a major policy triumph. The Trans-Pacific Partnership included Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, the US and Vietnam.
    (AFP, 10/5/15)

2015        Oct 6, The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to Japanese researcher Takaaki Kajita and Canadian Arthur McDonald for discovering that tiny particles called neutrinos change identities as they whiz through the universe, proving that they have mass.
    (AP, 10/6/15)   

2015        Oct 9, In Canada the Carbon Engineering company, with global plans to pull carbon from thin air to make fuel while tackling climate change, opened a pilot plant in Squamish, British Columbia.
    (AFP, 10/9/15)

2015        Oct 19, Canada held elections. Liberal leader Justin Trudeau rode a late surge to a stunning majority election victory. The Liberals seized a Parliamentary majority, a turn in political fortunes that smashed the record for the number of seats gained from one election to the next.
    (Reuters, 10/20/15)

2015        Oct 23, Quebec province officials said eight Canadian police officers, suspected of sexually assaulting and beating aboriginal women, have been put on leave or transferred to administrative duty.
    (AFP, 10/23/15)

2015        Oct 25, In Canada 5 Britons were killed when a Canadian whale-watching boat carrying 27 passengers sank off the coast of British Columbia. An Australian man remained missing and the rest were rescued.
    (Reuters, 10/2615)(SFC, 10/27/15, p.A2)

2015        Oct 30, Coast Guard leaders from the US, Canada, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden signed an agreement setting up the Arctic Coast Guard Forum dedicated to stewardship of Arctic waters.
    (SFC, 10/31/15, p.A4)

2015        Nov 2, TransCanada asked the United States to suspend its review of the proposed Keystone XL pipeline in a move that might delay a decision until the US presidential election.
    (AFP, 11/3/15)

2015        Nov 4, In Canada Justin Trudeau (43) was sworn in as the country’s 23rd prime minister in front of a packed crowd.
    (AFP, 11/4/15)

2015        Nov 10, Dutch electronics giant Philips announced the inking of a multi-million-euro contract with Canada's Mackenzie Health to install and run a raft of state-of-the-art hospital equipment over the next 18 years.
    (AFP, 11/10/15)

2015        Nov 24, Canada's New Liberal government announced its plan to resettle 25,000 Syrian refugees.
    (AP, 11/24/15)

2015        Nov 26, Anastasia Lin, Canada's outspoken Miss World contestant, said she was barred from entering China to take part in this year's pageant and accused Beijing of overreach in extending its campaign of censorship even to beauty contests.
    (AP, 11/26/15)

2015        Nov 30, Canada-based BlackBerry said it is exiting Pakistan rather than hand over its customers' private messages, after the government demanded access to encrypted data sent through company servers.
    (AFP, 11/30/15)

2015        Dec 4, Canada said posted its 14th consecutive monthly trade deficit in October, as exports to its key trading partner the United States fell.
    (AFP, 12/4/15)

2015        Dec 8, Canadian PM Justin Trudeau announced an inquiry into why nearly 1,200 indigenous women have been murdered or gone missing over decades.
    (AFP, 12/8/15)

2015        Dec 10, The first Canadian government plane carrying Syrian refugees arrived in Toronto late today where they were greeted by PM Justin Trudeau.
    (AP, 12/11/15)

2015        Dec 16, As many as 69 Canadian special forces took part in a 17-hour counteroffensive east of Mosul. Two CF-18 fighter jets, along with US, British and French warplanes, launched airstrikes.
    (AFP, 12/18/15)
2015        Dec 16, North Korea's Supreme Court sentenced Canadian pastor Hyeon Soo Lim to life in prison with hard labor for what it called crimes against the state. 
    (AP, 12/16/15)

2015        Dec 17, A Quebec court upheld Canada's first assisted dying law, ruling against doctors who argued it conflicts with federal criminal law an could see doctors jailed for helping someone die.
    (AFP, 12/22/15)

2015        Dec 19, In Canada Dennis Oland (47), the son of a wealthy Canadian brewer, was found guilty of murdering his father following a long and sensational trial in the eastern province of New Brunswick. Richard Oland (69), part of the family that owns Moosehead Breweries, was found dead in a pool of blood in his office on July 7, 2011.
    (AP, 12/20/15)

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Subject = Canada
End of file