Timeline Celts

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 The Isle of Man is named after Manannan, the legendary Celtic lord of the sea.
 (SFEC, 4/25/99, Z1 p.8)

1000BC    Oct 31-500BC Oct 31, As far back as this period the Celts of Ireland, Great Britain and northern France celebrated Oct. 31 as their New Years Eve. The pagan harvest event incorporated masks to ward off evil ones, as dead relatives were believed to visit families on this night. The Catholic holiday of All Saints Day, set for Nov. 1, was instituted around 700 AD to supplant this All Hallows' Eve. Halloween was transplanted to the US in  the 1840s.
    (WSJ, 10/28/99, p.A24)

800BC-500BC        The Celtic Hallstatt Culture spread across Europe. It was an early iron-using culture named after an Austrian burial site found in the mid-19th century.
    (NGM, 5/77)

c600BC    The Greeks established the trading colony of Massalia, later Marseilles, and imported wine to the Celts in exchange for iron, copper, tin, salt and slaves.
    (NGM, 5/77)

600BC-500BC    The nomadic Scythians bordered the Hallstatt Culture in the East. They introduced to the Celts the custom of wearing trousers.
    (NGM, 5/77)

c400BC    In a wave of Celtic expansion tribes poured through the Alps into Italy.
    (NGM, 5/77)

400BC-300BC    The Greek writer Ephorus referred to the Celts, Scythians, Persians and Libyans as the four great barbarian peoples in the known world.
    (AM, Mar/Apr 97 p.11)

387BC        Rampaging bands of Celts captured Rome and then settled down to a life of agriculture in the Po Valley.
    (NGM, 5/77)

279BC        The Celts plundered the shrine at Delphi and then retreated north to Thrace. The Thracians later routed the intruders.
    (NGM, 5/77)

230BC        Celtic warriors were repelled at Pergamon, on the west coast of what became Turkey. The king of Bithynia had invited some 20,000 Celts as mercenaries and after 50 years of pillaging they were repelled and settled in Galatia.
    (NGM, 5/77)

225BC        Polybius, a Greek historian, described the naked gaesatae, Celtic spearmen, at the Battle of Telamon, northwest of Rome where the Romans defeated the Celts.
    (NGM, 5/77)

52BC        Caesar climaxed his conquest of Gaul at Alesia where he vanquished Celtic forces under Vercingetorix.
    (NGM, 5/77)

43AD        British Celts battled the Roman invaders in 2-wheeled chariots. The Belgae from northern Gaul had settled in Britain and ushered in the concept of towns and the art of enameling.
    (NGM, 5/77)

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Subject = Celts
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