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The Isle of Man is named after Manannan, the
legendary Celtic lord of the sea.
(SFEC, 4/25/99, Z1 p.8)
1000BC Oct 31-500BC Oct 31, As
far back as this period the Celts of Ireland, Great Britain and
northern France celebrated Oct. 31 as their New Years Eve. The pagan
harvest event incorporated masks to ward off evil ones, as dead
relatives were believed to visit families on this night. The
Catholic holiday of All Saints Day, set for Nov. 1, was instituted
around 700 AD to supplant this All Hallows' Eve. Halloween was
transplanted to the US in the 1840s.
(WSJ, 10/28/99, p.A24)
800BC-500BC The Celtic
Hallstatt Culture spread across Europe. It was an early iron-using
culture named after an Austrian burial site found in the mid-19th
c600BC The Greeks established the trading colony
of Massalia, later Marseilles, and imported wine to the Celts in
exchange for iron, copper, tin, salt and slaves.
600BC-500BC The nomadic Scythians bordered the
Hallstatt Culture in the East. They introduced to the Celts the
custom of wearing trousers.
c400BC In a wave of Celtic expansion tribes poured
through the Alps into Italy.
400BC-300BC The Greek writer Ephorus referred to
the Celts, Scythians, Persians and Libyans as the four great
barbarian peoples in the known world.
(AM, Mar/Apr 97 p.11)
387BC Rampaging bands of Celts
captured Rome and then settled down to a life of agriculture in the
279BC The Celts plundered the
shrine at Delphi and then retreated north to Thrace. The Thracians
later routed the intruders.
230BC Celtic warriors were
repelled at Pergamon, on the west coast of what became Turkey. The
king of Bithynia had invited some 20,000 Celts as mercenaries and
after 50 years of pillaging they were repelled and settled in
225BC Polybius, a Greek
historian, described the naked gaesatae, Celtic spearmen, at the
Battle of Telamon, northwest of Rome where the Romans defeated the
52BC Caesar climaxed his
conquest of Gaul at Alesia where he vanquished Celtic forces under
43AD British Celts battled the
Roman invaders in 2-wheeled chariots. The Belgae from northern Gaul
had settled in Britain and ushered in the concept of towns and the
art of enameling.
Subject = Celts
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