1959 CAR adopted a
(SFC, 5/22/96, p.A9)
1960 Aug 13, Central African
Republic became independence from France and David Dacko was named
(MC, 8/13/02)(PC, 1992, p.973)(EWH, 1st ed.,
1964 The Customs and Economic
Union of Central Africa, UDEAC from its name in French, was
established by the Brazzaville Treaty. Members included Cameroon,
the Central African Republic, Chad, the Republic of Congo, and
1965 Dec 31, Jean-Bedel Bokassa
overthrew his cousin, David Dacko, in a bloodless coup that was said
to be backed by the French. He abolished the 1959 constitution,
dissolved the National Assembly and concentrated power in the
(SFC, 5/22/96, p.A9)(SFC, 3/20/97, p.A24)
1965 Col. Jean-Bedel Bokassa,
commander of the army and minister of defense, was picked by France
to overthrow David Dacko when he began establishing close ties with
(SFC, 11/4/96, p.A22)
1966 The Brazzaville Treaty
became effective after it was ratified by the five member countries:
Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Chad, the Republic of Congo,
1972 Mar 2, Jean-Bťdel Bokassa
appointed himself President for life of the Central African
1976 The Development Bank
of Central African States (BDEAC) was established and included six
members of the Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa:
Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Equatorial
Guinea and Gabon.
1977 Dec 4, Jean-Bedel Bokassa
(1921-1996), ruler of the Central African Empire, crowned himself
emperor in a ceremony duplicating the coronation of Napoleon. It was
believed to have cost more than $100 ($25) million. Bokassa was
deposed in 1979.
(AP, 12/4/97)(WSJ, 1/11/99,
1979 Sep 20, In the Central
African Republic Jean-Bedel Bokassa was toppled in a French-backed
coup. 700 French paratroopers took control of Bangui while Bokassa
was away on a state visit to Libya.
(SFC, 5/22/96, p.A9)(SFC, 11/4/96, p.A22)(AP,
1979 In the Central African
Republic some 100 school children were slaughtered following a
protest over expensive uniforms owned by one of the wives of Emp.
(SFC, 10/11/03, p.A2)
1981 Mar, In the Central
African Republic David Dacko (1930-2003) was re-elected president.
He was overthrown in a bloodless coup in September.
1981 Sep 1, In the Central
African Republic army chief Andre Kolingba (d.2010 at 73) took over
power in another coup that deposed independence leader David Dacko.
Kolingba agreed to re-instate a multi-party system in 1991, but
continued to rule until 1993.
1986 In the Central African
Republic women gained the right to vote.
1986 Jean-Bedel Bokassa
returned to the Central African Republic from exile. In 1988 he was
jailed for embezzlement and murder after a trial in which he was
accused of cannibalism and infanticide.
(SFC, 5/22/96, p.A9)(SFC, 10/11/03, p.A2)(AFP,
1988 Former Central African
Republic ruler Jean-Bedel Bokassa was sentenced to death for murder
and embezzlement. His sentence was commuted to life imprisonment.
1993 Oct, In the CAR's first
democratic elections (organized with French help) Andre Kolingba was
voted out of office and Ange-Felix Patasse won the presidency.
Patasse was a member of the northern Bayas.
(SFC, 5/22/96, p.A9)(SFC, 12/9/96, p.A22)(WSJ,
1993 Former Central African
Republic ruler Jean-Bedel Bokassa was released from prison by
President Andre Kolingba, who had overthrown David Dacko. Bokassa
ended his days as a recluse in his villa in Bangui and died of a
heart attack in 1996.
1996 Apr, A dispute over pay
caused some 400 CAR soldiers to mutiny and rampage over the capital
city of Bangui.
(SFC, 5/5/96, p.T-8)
1996 May 19, French troops
moved into Bangui of the CAR to help quell an army uprising and
protect French citizens. Rebel troops called for the resignation of
(SFC, 5/20/96, p.A-9)(SFC, 5/23/96, p. C2)
1996 May 20, Two French
soldiers were shot and wounded as they assisted French citizens to
evacuate from Bangui in the Central African Republic. This was the
second uprising by the army in two months with 7 people killed since
(SFC, 5/21/96, p.A-11)
1996 Jun 5, Rivals signed an
accord to form a CAR unity government.
(WSJ, 6/6/96, p.A1)
1996 Nov 3, Jean-Bedel Bokassa
(75), former self-proclaimed emperor (1967-1979) of the Central
African Republic, died. He was called "the Ogre of Berengo."
(SFC, 11/4/96, p.A22)(MC, 11/3/01)(SSFC, 5/4/03,
1996 Dec 1, Army factions in
Bangui, CAR, began fighting. Rebel troops of the Yakoma tribe seized
(SFC, 12/2/96, p.A12)
1996 Dec 8, The CAR government
and army mutineers agreed to a 15-day truce. The rebel ranks were
dominated by the southern Bayas.
(SFC, 12/9/96, p.A22)
1997 Jan 5, In the CAR district
of Petevo, French troops killed 10 CAR army mutineers, after 2
French soldiers were killed on a mediation mission.
(SFC, 1/6/97, p.A9)
1997 Jul 10, CAR Pres. Patasse
reconciled with 300 mutinous soldiers.
(WSJ, 7/11/97, p.A1)
1999 Ange-Felix Patasse was
re-elected president of the CAR.
(Econ, 5/26/07, p.52)
2000 Feb 10, The UN Security
Council officially ended the peacekeeping mission and established a
CAR support office to help consolidate peace.
(SFC, 2/11/00, p.D2)
2001 May 28, In the Central
African Republic at least 12 people were killed in a failed coup
attempt against Pres. Ange-Felix Patasse. 80 people in 2002 went on
trial for the attempted coup.
(SFC, 5/29/01, p.A12)(SFC, 2/15/02, p.A10)
2001 May 30, Libya flew troops
and weapons to the Central African Republic to help Pres. Patasse to
put down a coup attempt.
(WSJ, 5/31/01, p.A1)
2001 May 31, Security forces in
Bangui, CAR, went house to house in a search for coup conspirators.
Patasse blamed the opposition leader, a member of the Yacoma ethnic
group, for the coup attempt. One young Yacoma man was seen shot dead
in the street by soldiers.
(SFC, 6/1/01, p.D3)
2001 Jun 4, Fighting continued
in Bangui, CAR, with artillery fire exchanged.
(WSJ, 6/5/01, p.A1)
2001 Jun 6, Fighting continued
in Bangui, CAR, and some 50,000 civilians had fled to the forests.
Food was scarce and disease outbreaks were feared.
(SFC, 6/7/01, p.C2)
2001 Jul 5, Jean-Pierre Lhomme,
a UN security chief, was shot and killed in Bangui, CAR, as he aided
a fellow worker.
(SFC, 7/7/01, p.B1)
2001 Aug 26, It was reported
that the 62 children of Jean-Bedel Bokassa, the late emperor
(1966-1979) of CAR, sought to turn Bokassaís empty palace into a
(SFC, 8/27/01, p.A6)
2001 Nov 3, CAR presidential
guard units fought soldiers loyal to the former army chief of staff
a day after government forces tried to arrest the ousted general.
(WSJ, 11/5/01, p.A1)
2001 Nov 5, In the Central
African Republic troops loyal to Gen. Francois Bozize fired mortar
shells at Pres. Patasseís residence in Bangui and engaged government
soldiers for a 3rd day of fighting.
(SFC, 11/6/01, p.A14)
2001 Central African
Republicís General Kolingba fled into exile in Uganda following the
failed May 28 attempt to overthrow Patasse. Kolingba was sentenced
to death and stripped of military rank in his absence, but was
amnestied in 2003 after General Francois Bozize seized power from
2001 In the Central African
Republic Martin Ziguele began serving as prime minister and
continued to 2003.
2002 Jul 4, In Bangui, CAR, a
Boeing 707 cargo plane crashed in a sparsely populated residential
area in this central African capital, killing at least 20 people.
(AP, 7/4/02)(SFC, 7/5/02, p.A14)
2002 Aug 26, In Bangui, Central
African Republic, former military ruler Gen. Andre Kolingba was
convicted in absentia of taking part in a failed 2001 coup and was
sentenced to death.
2002 Oct 24, In Bangui, Central
African Republic, rebels loyal to the deposed army chief of staff
fought members of the presidential guard and Libyan troops for
control of the airport.
2002 Oct 31, The Central
African Republic claimed to have put down a coup attempt by rebels
backing General Francois Bozize, an ousted army chief of staff.
(AP, 11/1/02)(Econ, 5/26/07, p.52)
2002 Nov 11, In the CAR a
baggage-laden roof of an overloaded river taxi near Kouango
collapsed on passengers, crushing 58 people.
2002 Dec 28, Libyan soldiers
ended a yearlong deployment to protect the Central African Republic
government against a string of coup attempts. They were to be
replaced by troops from Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea,
Cameroon, Gabon and Mali.
2003 Mar 20, In the Central
African Republic Gen. Francois Bozizea asked his fighters to hand
over their weapons to troops from neighboring Chad, prompting the
insurgents to accuse their leader of betraying them.
2003 Mar 23, In the CAR Gen.
Francois Bozize said Abel Goumba (76), a veteran opposition leader,
will oversee daily operations in the government.
2003 Mar, In the CAR Gen.
Francois Bozize took power in a 2nd coup following 5 months of
conflict during which Pres. Patasse had enlisted support of rebel
troops from the Congo, led by Jean-Pierre Bemba, along with
mercenaries from Chad and Libya. Sexual violence during this period
was particularly brutal.
(Econ, 5/26/07, p.52)
2003 Jun 27, The Central
African Republic's former PM fled after being granted asylum in
France, ending five months holed up in the French Embassy after a
2003 Oct 10, A Central African
Republic national forum recommended posthumous forgiveness for
despot Jean-Bedel Bokassa (d.1996), whose 13-year rule (1966-1979)
ruined the country. The vote followed an apology by Bokassa's son
Jean-Serge (31). About 60 legitimate children of Bokassa had
mandated one of their number, Jean-Serge Bokassa, to sit as a
delegate in a reconciliation forum called the "National Dialogue."
There, he asked "forgiveness for the wrong" done by his father and
called for his rehabilitation because he had helped to build the
(SFC, 10/11/03, p.A2)(AFP, 12/3/10)
2003 Nov 20, David Dacko (76),
the first president of Central African Republic as an independent
nation (1960-1966, 1979-1981), died.
2004 Mar 1, Jean-Bertrand
Aristide from the Central African Republic said in a telephone
interview that he was "forced to leave" Haiti by U.S. military
(AP, 3/1/04)(SFC, 2/02/04, p.A1)
2004 Jul 12, Newspapers in
Senegal and the Central African Republic suspended publication to
protest the jailings of leading journalists.
2004 Jul 15, The Gates
Foundation announced a $44.7 million award at the AIDS Conference in
Bangkok to a consortium of TB and AIDS researchers. The 2 diseases
were often linked. A UN report cited 7 countries as the hardest hit
by the AIDS pandemic: Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Lesotho, Zambia, Malawi,
the Central African Republic and Mozambique.
(WSJ, 7/15/04, p.B1)(SFC, 7/16/04, p.A6)
2004 Jul 25, Central African
Republic President Francois Bozize wrapped up a two-day visit to
Sudan with a pledge to help his Sudanese counterpart Omar al-Beshir
resolve the crisis in the western Darfur region.
2004 Dec 27, The Central Africa
Republic (CAR) established a new Constitution.
2005 Mar 4, Tribes from western
Sudan and the neighboring Central African Republic signed a peace
charter in a bid to end cross-border clashes.
2005 Mar 14, Voters in Central
African Republic cast ballots for president in the first poll since
rebels seized the capital two years ago. Gen. Francois Bozize, the
former army officer-turned-insurgent who now presides over the
country, was considered the front-runner in a field of 11.
2005 May 8, In Central African
Republic a coup leader who seized power in a rebel war two years ago
sought the presidency in a runoff election against a man
representing the former ruling party he ousted. The military
strongman Francois Bozize faces former PM Martin Ziguele in a poll
that many hope will bring an end to an era of army coups and
2005 May 24, In the Central
African Republic military strongman Francois Bozize won the May 8
runoff presidential runoff election, a move toward legitimizing his
rule two years after he seized power.
2005 Aug 6, In Central African
Republic an overloaded boat carrying hundreds of people has sunk on
a river, and at least 13 people were reported dead and dozens more
2005 Dec 3, It was reported
that the Central African Republic has ordered radio and television
stations to stop broadcasting songs which encourage men to dump
their wives, saying such music is a hindrance to the country's
2006 Mar 11, Authorities in
Central African Republic accused exiled former President Ange-Felix
Patasse of forming a rebel movement and recruiting fighters to
overthrow the government.
2006 Apr 14, The Central
African Republic said it has asked the International Criminal Court
to investigate crimes against humanity allegedly committed by its
former president and a Congolese vice president. Government
spokesman Celestin Gamou said CAR suspects ex-President Ange-Felix
Patasse and Congo Vice President Jean-Pierre Bemba of ordering or
committing murder and rape against civilians, as well as of
embezzling funds and destroying public and private property.
2006 Jun 26, An attack on an
army camp in the Central African Republic (CAR) resulted in 33
deaths. The provisional toll included 11 CAR soldiers, two Chadian
soldiers from the multinational force FOMUC and 20 attackers.
2006 Oct 27, The UN said it is
sending a mission to Chad and the Central African Republic to look
at operations to curb the escalating violence and help protect
hundreds of thousands of civilians.
2006 Nov 3, In Chad rebels
intent on toppling Pres. Francois Bozize took the town of Birao.
They appeared to be operating out of the Darfur region of Sudan.
(Econ, 11/11/06, p.54)
2006 Nov 4, The Central African
Republic's parliament called on the international community and
France in particular to aid it against rebels who have seized a
northern town. A rebel alliance, the Union of Democratic Forces for
the Rally (UFDR) said it had seized the northeastern town of Birao
on Oct 30.
2006 Nov 10, In the Central
African Republic the rebel Union of Democratic Forces for the Rally
(UDFR) seized the town of Ouadda Djalle on after heavy fighting with
government troops who were forced to retreat.
2006 Nov 13, France said it
will aid the Central African Republic's army with logistics and
aerial reconnaissance in its fight against rebels in the northeast
of the country.
2006 Nov 18, Gabonese President
Omar Bongo said in a statement that the Central African Economic and
Monetary Community (CEMAC) had "acceded to a request from the
Central African Republic authorities to intervene in securing
conflict zones." CEMAC's members include the Central African
Republic, Chad, Gabon, Congo, Cameroon and Equatorial Guinea.
2006 Nov 23, A military
official said France has bolstered its presence in the Central
African Republic with 100 more troops following rebel attacks and
growing concern over the neighboring Darfur region of Sudan.
2006 Nov 22, Police in the west
African state of Benin arrested two rebel leaders from the Central
African Republic (CAR), whose forces are waging a violent offensive
in their home country. The leader of the rebel Union of Democratic
Forces for Unity, Michel Am Non Droko Djotodia, and his spokesman
Abakar Sabone, were apprehended in Benin's capital, Cotonou, under
an international arrest warrant. In 2008 President Boni Yayi asked
for and obtained the lifting of the international arrest warrant"
for the two rebel leaders.
(AP, 11/25/06)(AFP, 2/19/08)
2006 Nov 28, Government
soldiers in the Central African Republic were on the offensive, with
French military support, to seize back towns captured by rebels who
have steadily advanced from border territory.
2006 Nov 30, Central African
Republic government soldiers regained control of Ouadda, the second
town taken back from rebels, and pursued a counter-offensive
2006 Dec 2, Government troops
in the Central African Republic said they have recaptured the town
of Sam Ouandja on the sixth day of a counter-offensive supported by
French troops, leaving rebels with only one major northeastern town,
2006 Dec 8, Government forces
in the Central African Republic, bolstered by French and African
support, recaptured the northeastern town of Sam Ouandja from rebels
2006 Dec 15, In Kenya 11
African heads of state attending the 2nd International Conference on
the Great Lakes Region signed a landmark $2 billion
(1.5-billion-euro) security and development pact to forestall fresh
violence in the area.
2006 Dec 27, Central African
President Francois Bozize ordered the army to set fire to the homes
of two leaders of a dissident Baptist church, after they did the
same to a pastor's house, to teach them a lesson.
2007 Jan 5, Chinese Foreign
Minister Li Zhaoxing met with Pres. Bozize of the Central African
Republic. Zhaoxing was set to sign a series of accords as part of
seven-nation tour highlighting China's increasing interest in the
2007 Jan 15, More than 100
rebels attacked a northwestern town in the Central African Republic,
sparking the first fighting with government troops in more than a
2007 Feb 2, Abdoulaye Miskine,
the head of one of the Central African Republic's main rebel groups,
inked in Libya a peace deal described as "historic" by the
government. Under the deal, which CAR's other main rebel factions
are expected to sign up to, there will be an immediate ceasefire and
Miskine's rebels will be integrated into civilian life or absorbed
into the army. Rebel prisoners are to be freed.
2007 Feb 13, Police and troops
in Bangui, CAR, used live ammunition to disperse residents angered
at the killing of two of their number by officers of the
2007 Feb 15, A summit of
African leaders opened in Cannes on the French Riviera. The crisis
in Darfur and violence in Guinea overshadowed the summit, as well as
perennial issues of poverty, development and AIDS. France won
agreement from three involved African nations (Sudan, Chad and
Central African Republic) that they would not support armed rebel
movements on each other's territories.
(AP, 2/15/07)(AP, 2/15/07)
2007 Feb 23, Uganda's army said
that 400 rebel Lord's Resistance Army fighters and their leaders
have moved into the Central African Republic, dashing hopes of a
renewal of stalled peace talks.
2007 Mar 3, CAR rebel and
government military sources said rebels in the Central African
Republic have attacked the northeastern town of Birao, which they
had occupied for a month in November.
2007 Mar 4, In the Central
African Republic French fighter jets destroyed several rebel
vehicles in retaliation for an attack on French troops.
2007 Mar 6, Central African
Republic forces (FACA) peacefully took back control of the airfield
at Birao that they had abandoned following rebel attacks at the
2007 Apr 4, The United Nations
children's agency called for urgent action to tackle a "humanitarian
disaster" in the Central African Republic (CAR), affected by
conflict for the past ten years.
2007 Apr 13, A leading rebel in
the Central African Republic said he would be signing a peace deal
with President Francois Bozize in the northeastern town of Birao.
2007 Apr 26, Six central
African countries (Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, Chad, Central African
Republic, Cameroon and Congo) plan to launch a common passport in
July, permitting the free movement of goods and people across their
2007 May 14, In the Central
African Republic the president's office said several former armed
rebels have surrendered to the authorities over the past few days in
the troubled north.
2007 May 18, UN officials said
rebel leaders in the Central African Republic have agreed to begin
sending several hundred child soldiers home to their families.
2007 May 19, Two local health
workers were kidnapped for ransom in the Central African Republic
(CAR), prompting UN concerns that worsening security was hampering
aid work there.
2007 May 22, The International
Criminal Court prosecutor announced a war crimes investigation into
hundreds of rapes and other violations in the Central African
Republic in 2002 and 2003. The UN condemned the capture of two aid
workers in the north-west of the CAR, saying the worsening security
was hampering its humanitarian work in the country.
2007 May 30, In the northwest
corner of Central African Republic soldiers set fire to hundreds of
houses in retaliation for the killing of a local official by
unidentified gunmen. The UN Children's Fund (UNICEF) estimates that
about 420 children die each week, and that escalating conflict
between the CAR government and rebel groups has forced some 212,000
people to flee their homes in recent years.
2007 Jun 1, The UN refugee
agency said hundreds of women and children fled by foot and on
donkeys from Darfur to the neighboring Central African Republic
after their town was attacked by planes and helicopters. The
refugees said their town of Dafak, in southern Darfur, was attacked
repeatedly by janjaweed militia from May 12 to May 18 and that their
homes had been bombarded by airstrikes.
2007 Jun 6, The CAR government
freed 17 people who had been arrested for rebel activities,
following the terms of a peace accord that aims to return the
restive nation to stability after more than a year of sporadic
2007 Jun 11, In the Central
African Republic a French aid worker for Doctors Without Borders was
shot and killed while traveling to a town grappling with poor health
2007 Jun 17, CAR state radio
said former rebels in the Central African Republic have signed a
pact with the UN children's agency for the demobilization of
hundreds of child soldiers.
2007 Jul 23, The European Union
took the first step towards sending forces to Chad and the Central
African Republican to help the United Nations protect refugees
trapped in the violent region bordering Darfur.
2007 Sep 14, Human Rights Watch
said that soldiers in the Central African Republic (CAR) have
massacred hundreds of people and burned villages, forcing civilians
to flee, during a counter-insurgency campaign. The watchdog group
blamed President Francois Bozize's elite guard for atrocities
carried out since mid-2005, but said other military units, their
rebel foes and bandit groups were also guilty.
2007 Sep 19, President Francois
Bozize of the Central African Republic (CAR) dubbed as "grotesque"
allegations from Human Rights Watch that his army was guilty of
various abuses against civilians in the country.
2007 Sep 25, The UN Security
Council unanimously passed a French resolution endorsing sending a
European Union-UN force to Chad and the Central African Republic to
protect civilians reeling from a spillover of the Darfur conflict.
2007 Oct 15, European Union
foreign ministers gave their final approval to deploy a 3,000-strong
EU peacekeeping force for one year to help refugees and displaced
people living along Darfur's borders with Chad and the Central
2008 Jan 11, Belgium, France
and Poland pledged to provide the resources needed to launch a
European Union peacekeeping force for Chad and the Central African
2008 Jan 18, Central African
Republic PM Elie Dote tendered his resignation and that of his
government. His resignation came amid a social crisis gripping the
country, marked by government disruptions and near-paralysis in
public schools due to a civil servant strike over salaries launched
earlier this month.
2008 Jan 26, According to the
Intíl. Crisis Group, a Brussels-based lobby, the CAR has dropped
below the level even of a failed state.
(Econ, 1/26/08, p.46)
2008 Jan 28, The EU launched
its long-awaited peacekeeping force for Chad and the Central African
Republic to help protect hundreds of thousands of refugees from
2008 Jan, The population of
Central African Republic was about 4 million. Bandits known as
Zaraguina, mostly from Chad, were reported to be looting, kidnapping
and demanding thousands of dollars in ransom for local cattle
herders from the Peuhl tribe.
(Econ, 1/26/08, p.47)
2008 Feb 26, The mayor of Koui,
a town in northwest Central African Republic (CAR), was abducted
along with four other people. 3 captives including the mayor were
later killed. 2 captives were released by ransom.
2008 Mar 5, In Central African
Republic rebels killed five government soldiers and lost one of
their own men in 2 days of clashes near the country's northwestern
border with Chad.
2008 Mar 15, Qatar-based
investment company IAS International said it was undertaking a
series of development projects in Central African Republic worth 1.6
2008 Mar 17, An EU force of
3,700 troops still deploying in Chad and the Central African
Republic (CAR) announced the official start of its year-long mission
to protect refugees and displaced people. The EU force in Chad was
known as EUFOR, and the UN Mission there and the CAR was called
(AFP, 3/17/08)(Econ, 5/31/08, p.52)
2008 Mar 19, Uganda said that
Lord's Resistance Army rebel leader Joseph Kony has left his base in
the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and moved to the Central
2008 Mar 28, Jean-Jacques
Demafouth, an exiled former defense minister in the Central African
Republic, said that he had been elected head of the main rebel group
and would lead it into peace talks. The UN said rebel fighters
attacked CAR villages between Feb 9 and Mar 10 raping women and
taking 150 hostages, including 55 children.
2008 May 9, The government of
Central African Republic (CAR), plagued by unrest since 2005, and
the country's main rebel group signed a ceasefire and peace accord
to take effect immediately.
2008 May 24, Belgian police in
Brussels arrested Jean-Pierre Bemba (45), a Congolese warlord and
ex-presidential candidate, after he was secretly charged with rape
and torture. Bemba was accused of war crimes and crimes against
humanity as head of a militia that allegedly committed atrocities in
Central African Republic's conflict in 2002-2003.
2008 Aug 16, Authorities in the
Central African Republic gave the green light for a leading rebel
group headed by a former defense minister to form a political party.
Both the rebel group and the new NAP party are headed by former
defense minister Jean-Jacques Demafouth, currently in exile in
2008 Sep 11, A Paris court
convicted Didier Bourguet, a former UN employee, for the rape of
young Africans during his postings in Central African Republic and
Congo. Bourguet was sentenced to nine years in prison for having
committed about 20 rapes of teenage girls between 1998 and 2004
during his postings as a mechanic for the UN.
2008 Sep 29, The parliament of
the Central African Republic (CAR) adopted an amnesty law aimed at
laying the foundations for a process of "inclusive political
dialogue" between the government and rebels.
2008 Nov 11, At least 13
soldiers were killed in an ambush by rebels at Kabo, near the
Central African Republic's border with Chad, 400 kilometers (250
miles) north of Bangui.
2008 Dec 7, Former Central
African Republic president Ange-Felix Patasse arrived in Bangui
after 5 years in exile in Togo to participate in long-delayed peace
talks in the troubled country.
2008 Dec 20, Central African
Republic peace talks wrapped up with rebels and government officials
expressing hope that the meeting had paved the way for lasting
solutions to the country's unrest.
2009 Jan 12, War crimes
prosecutors in The Hague accused former Congolese vice president
Jean-Pierre Bemba of using systematic rape to terrorize civilians
suspected of supporting rebels during a bloody power struggle in
neighboring Central African Republic.
2009 Jan 14, The UN Security
Council authorized 5,200 UN peacekeepers to replace a 3,300-strong
EU force in Chad and Central African Republic, which have been
seriously affected by fighting in neighboring Sudan's Darfur region.
2009 Jan 18, Central African
Republic President Francois Bozize dissolved the government, after
pledging to form a unity government at recent peace talks.
2009 Jan 19, CAR President
Francois Bozize reappointed Faustin-Archange Touadera as prime
minister of Central African Republic, just a day after the president
dissolved the government.
2009 Jan 20, The Central
African Republic's main opposition grouping said it refused to join
PM Faustin-Archange Touadera's government because he failed to play
by allegedly established rules.
2009 Jan 30, In Libreville,
Gabon, leaders of the six Central African states (Cameroon, Chad,
Gabon, CAR, Congo, Equatorial Guinea), began meeting to discuss
closer economic ties, including the creation of a new regional
airline. The Economic and Monetary Union of Central Africa, known as
CEMAC, planned discussions on such issues as monetary reform and the
free movement of citizens.
2009 Feb 14, Over 6,000 people
have fled the Ndele region of the Central African Republic for a
Chadian border village after violence erupted between two ethnic
groups, the Runga and the Gulus.
2009 Mar 15, In Abeche, Chad,
UN forces took over command from EU peacekeepers to protect refugees
and displaced people in Chad and the Central African Republic.
2009 Apr 12, In the Central
African Republic at least 22 people died as cattle farmers and
traders clashed over stolen oxen with guns, blades and arrows.
Fighting was sparked by a dispute over 170 oxen stolen by bandits 10
days earlier but later retrieved.
(AFP, 4/12/09)(AFP, 4/14/09)
2009 Apr 14, In northwest
Central African Republic Soule Garga, a top representative of cattle
breeders, was been killed by rebels, just days after a poaching
bloodbath left 22 people dead.
2009 Apr 17, President Francois
Bozize of the Central African Republic accused some officials in his
Kwa na Kwa Convergence party of racketeering to obtain funds and
pledged a personal crackdown.
2009 Jun 6, In Central African
Republic at least two people were killed and several wounded in an
attack on a military base. Residents later said ethnic clashes left
at least 27 people dead at a Birao military base, where former
rebels were set to demobilize under a peace accord.
(AFP, 6/7/09)(AFP, 6/11/09)
2009 Jun 11, The ICRC said
armed men have killed a local employee of the International
Committee of the Red Cross at Birao in the north of the Central
2009 Jun 12, In the Central
African Republic 15 rebels of the Convention of Patriots for Justice
and Peace (CPJP) and 3 soldiers were killed in fighting in the
northwest of the country.
2009 Jun 21, In northeastern
Central African Republic 10 people were killed in an attack on the
town of Birao. A UFDR spokesman said armed men attacked a base of
the former rebels of the Union of Democratic Forces for the Rally,
two weeks after a similar attack. They were described as "thieves"
from the Kara tribe, an ethnic minority within the UFDR, whose
members oppose the leadership of Zakaria Damane, head of the
2009 Jun, In the Central
African Republic former prime minister Martin Ziguele was invested
as the MLPC's presidential candidate for elections that were
initially due in April 2010.
2009 Aug 1, Humanitarian groups
said members of the Lord's Resistance Army, a Ugandan rebel group,
have launched attacks against towns in the Central African Republic
that have left at least 10 people dead in the last two weeks. The
attacks by the LRA, launched from its rear bases in the Democratic
Republic of Congo, have also forced hundreds of people to flee their
2009 Aug 17, The Central
African Republicís Communications Minister Cyriaque Gonda said on
state radio that the government has set a three-year timetable to
disarm, demobilize and reintegrate former rebels.
2009 Sep 8, Ugandaís defense
spokesman, Lieutenant Colonel Felix Kulayigye, said Ugandan troops
have crossed into the neighboring Central African Republic (CAR) in
pursuit of Lord's Resistance Army rebels with Bangui's blessing.
2009 Sep 9, A Uganda army
spokesman said government forces have rescued 100 kidnapped children
and young adults during an operation against the Lordís Resistance
Army rebel group in neighboring Central African Republic.
2009 Sep 12, Ugandaís army
killed five rebels in the CAR, including Arit Santos, a commander of
the LRA insurgent group. Soldiers also seized 24 sub-machineguns,
several rounds of ammunition, medicine and laptop computers in the
2009 Sep 24, In the Central
African Republic 2 local employees of the Italian Coopi NGO were
killed when Lord's Resistance Army rebels attacked their vehicle.
2009 Oct 22, The Red Cross said
more than 4,500 people have fled attacks by the Ugandan rebel group
Lord's Resistance Army in the Central African Republic.
2009 Oct 30, Ange-Felix
Patasse, the former president of the Central African Republic
(1999-2003), returned home after more than six years in exile. He
planned to stand in the 2010 presidential elections.
2009 Nov 17, Ugandan forces
shot and killed Okello Okutti, a senior commander of the rebel
Lord's Resistance Army (LRA), during a clash in Obo, near the
Central African Republic's eastern border with Sudan.
2009 Nov 22, In the northeast
of Central African Republic 2 French aid workers in Birao were
kidnapped by a gang of armed men, close to the border with Sudan.
Olivier Denis and Olivier Frappe wee freed on March 14, 2010, in
(AFP, 11/24/09)(AFP, 3/14/10)
2009 Nov 26, In the Central
African Republic the rebel Convention of Patriots for Justice and
Peace (CPJP) claimed they had taken control of the key north central
town of Ndele after an attack. The rebels said three of their men
had been killed, four were wounded, and that about a dozen soldiers
were killed. The CPJP is led by Charles Massi, who was a prime
minister under Ange-Felix Patasse, the president toppled in a
bloodless coup by Bozize in 2003.
2009 Nov 27, The army in the
Central African Republic retook control of the key north central
town of Ndele from rebels.
2009 Dec 7, Government forces
in the Central African Republic attacked rebel positions near the
border with Chad to prevent them from storming a key northern town.
Several fighters from the rebel Convention of Patriots for Justice
and Peace (CPJP) were reported killed as well as 2 government
2010 Jan 1, Ugandan troops
killed Bok Abudema, a leader of the Lord's Resistance Army,
effectively the number two of the brutal militia, in the Central
2010 Jan 8, Charles Massi (57)
a former minister and head of the rebel Convention of Patriots for
Justice and Peace (CPJP), died following the torture he was
subjected to. The Central African Ministry of Defense formally
denied killing Massi in a statement on 21 January and said that the
government did not know where he was.
2010 Jan 9, In the Central
African Republic the wife of Charles Massi (57), head of the only
rebel group in the CAR still fighting the government, said that he
has been captured and is in a critical condition in jail. The former
prime minister led the rebel Convention of Patriots for Justice and
Peace (CPJP). On Jan 16 Denise Massi and his party said in a
statement that Massi has been dead since Jan 8 after being subjected
(AFP, 1/9/10)(AFP, 1/16/10)
2010 Jan 15, Opposition parties
in the Central African Republic announced that they were quitting
the electoral process and demanded the resignation of the head of
the Independent Electoral Commission. The walkout involved 15 of the
30 members of the commission, which was set up in August to organize
and supervise elections at dates yet to be announced.
2010 Feb 7, Andre Kolingba
(73), former Central African Republic general and coup leader
(1981-1993), died in Paris.
2010 Feb 19, In the Central
African Republic rebels of Ugandaís Lord's Resistance Army
(LRA) kidnapped at least 40 people and wounded a soldier
during an attack in the southwest.
2010 Feb 28, In the Central
African Republic Uganda's rebel Lord's Resistance Army (LRA)
kidnapped at least 23 people from the southeastern village of
Yalinga after pillaging the police station, the hospital and a
2010 Mar 21, In the eastern
Central African Republic Ugandan Lord's Resistance Army rebels
killed at least 10 civilians in the village of Agoumar, including a
woman burnt alive. One LRA rebel was killed by the villagers.
(Reuters, 3/22/10)(AFP, 3/30/10)
2010 Mar 28, In Central Africa
LRA elements were chased by the Ugandan army, which killed at least
15 rebels in the village of Dembia. More than 40 people were
abducted from the three villages including in Bangassou, where about
400 people had taken refuge from the fighting.
2010 Apr 2, In northeastern
Central African Republic troops killed 10 rebels in a clash in the
region of Ndele. Teachers there were protesting the murder of a
pregnant teacher killed on March 30 by members of the Convention of
Patriots for Justice and Peace (CPJP), which was behind the attack
on the march. The Association of Residents of Upper Mbomou
(Assoredehmbo), grouping people in three eastern CAR districts, said
that the number of local people kidnapped by the LRA was more than
400, while the number killed in rebel attacks was more than 200
since February 2008. In an open letter to PM Faustin-Archange
Touadera the group recommended the forming of self-defense militias
and urged the government to set up an army base.
(AFP, 4/2/10)(AFP, 4/5/10)
2010 Apr 16, Officials in the
Central African Republic said armed attackers have shot dead a
soldier escorting electoral commission staff.
2010 Apr 29, The president of
the Central African Republic scrapped plans to hold polls May 16
after the elections commission told him it would be unable to
organize them in time.
2010 May 5, In the east of the
Central African Republic 2 people were killed and two wounded in an
attack on an aid vehicle blamed on Uganda's rebel Lord's Resistance
2010 May 10, The Central
African Republic's parliament voted to extend President Francois
Bozizeís mandate until presidential and legislative elections can be
2010 May 14, In eastern Central
African Republic villagers at Guerekindo killed two Ugandan rebels
of the Lord's Resistance Army in a self-defense initiative.
2010 May 25, Chad's government
succeeded in forcing a 3,300-strong UN peacekeeping force operating
in Chad and the Central African Republic to pull out by the end of
this year. The UN Food and Agriculture Organization warned
that a dramatic shortfall in donations for Chad's agriculture relief
puts 2 million people at risk of hunger.
2010 Jun 15, A Uganda army
spokesman said at least 10 Ugandan soldiers were killed last month
while pursuing Lord's Resistance Army rebels in the Central African
Republic (CAR). Lt. Colonel Felix Kulayigye said an unknown Sudanese
militia, not the LRA, was the likely culprit.
2010 Jul 4, In the Central
African Republic Ugandan LRA rebels killed four people and took six
hostages in an attack on the village of Mandabazouma.
2010 Jul 5, The Central African
Republic said it has called on the United States for military
support to help "neutralize" LRA rebels terrorizing the country.
2010 Jul 19, The army in the
Central African Republic claimed control of the northern town of
Birao, following an attack by rebels on its military base there. At
least 3 people were killed.
(AFP, 7/19/10)(AFP, 7/20/10)
2010 Aug 11, In the Central
African Republic the local Red Cross said floods have killed three
people and left more than a thousand homeless in the country's
2010 Sep 6, In the Central
African Republic rebels of the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) began a
2-day attack the town of Ouandda Djalle. 16 people were killed
including two civilians, and 5 rebels.
2010 Sep 11, In Sudan a rare
three-day meeting of 30 religious and community leaders as well as
local government officials from the Democratic Republic of Congo
(DRC), south Sudan, the Central African Republic (CAR) and Uganda
criticized the "lack of a coordinated and comprehensive strategy" to
tackle the LRA rebels.
2010 Sep 24, The Central
African Republic's government in a broadcast statement accused main
opposition leader and former prime minister Martin Ziguele of
heading a rebel movement.
2010 Oct 4, Central African
Republic government troops regained control of Yalinga, a town held
by rebels since September 18. On Oct 6 a spokesman for the rebel
group, the Convention of Patriots for Justice and Peace (CPJP),
claimed its fighters still held the town in the unstable east of the
2010 Oct 10, In the Central
African Republic rebels of the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) abducted
a number of girls during an attack on the town of Birao. at
least 5 people were taken by the rebels, who retreated when
government troops arrived on the scene.
2010 Oct 15, Adrian Edwards,
the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, said the rebels of the Lord's
Resistance Army have killed at least 2,000 people and forced 400,000
to flee in three countries in less than two years. A UNHCR
communique documented a mounting "campaign of terror against
civilians" in the DR Congo, South Sudan and the CAR.
2010 Oct 29, In the Central
African Republic rebels of the Convention of Patriots for Justice
and Peace (CPJP) abducted 21 census agents updating voters' rolls
for forthcoming elections.
2010 Nov 14, In the Central
African Republic soldiers opened fire to disperse angry
demonstrators protesting the death of a youth, wounding at least
2010 Nov 24, In the Central
African Republic rebels killed four soldiers and captured an unknown
number of troops in an attack on Birao, the main town of northern
2010 Nov 26, The Central
African Republic government announced its forces had retaken Birao,
captured by rebels in a deadly assault two days earlier, but the
rebels said they were still in control.
2010 Nov 30, Chad's army said
it has entered the northwest part of neighboring Central African
Republic and pushed out a group of rebels that had attempted to take
the town of Birao.
2010 Dec 1, Central African
Republic President Francois Bozize said Jean-Bedel Bokassa (d.1996),
the former self-styled "emperor" who was overthrown in 1979, is
"rehabilitated in all his rights" in a decree published to coincide
with the country's 50th anniversary celebrations. Bozize awarded
Bokassa the stateís grandest medal of honor.
(AP, 12/1/10)(Econ, 8/27/16, p.35)
2010 Dec 2, A CAR spokesman
said 71 people, including 65 rebels, were killed last week in
clashes between insurgents and government troops in northeastern
Central African Republic.
2011 Jan 23, Voting began in
the Central African Republic for presidential and parliamentary
polls, with incumbent President Francois Bozize tipped to retain
power amid charges of fraud. On Feb 1 provisional results said
Francois Bozize re-elected to a 2nd term as president with 66% of
(AFP, 1/23/11)(AP, 2/2/11)
2011 Jan 25, In the Central
African Republic 3 of 5 candidates in the presidential elections
said they rejected the results "in advance" and demanded the Jan 23
vote be annulled. Incumbent Francois Bozize has been tipped to win
the vote amidst complaints of irregularities and fraud.
2011 Jan 29, Rivals to Central
African Republic leader Francois Bozize pulled their representatives
off the election body, alleging fraud after early partial results
from last weekend's poll put Bozize in the lead.
2011 Feb 1, In the CAR
provisional results said Francois Bozize has been comfortably
re-elected to a 2nd term as president with 66% of the Jan 23 vote.
By the next day all four rival candidates denounced the result as a
fraud. The independent commission said former president Ange-Felix
Patasse came second with 20.10% of the vote, followed by former
premier Martin Ziguele with 6.46%, Emile Gros-Raymond Nakombo with
4.64% and ex-defense minister Jean-Jacques Demafouth with 2.72%.
2011 Mar 13, In the Central
African Republic at least six people were killed and dozens abducted
during an attack on Nzako village by Lord's Resistance Army rebels.
They had crossed into the CAR last year after being routed from
their bases in Uganda.
2011 Mar 27, The Central
African Republic voted in the second round of parliamentary
elections expected to hand President Francois Bozize's party a large
majority because of an opposition boycott. The party of CAR's
president won an overall majority in the run-off legislative
elections, garnering 61 of the 105 seats in parliament, according to
provisional results showed on April 7.
(AFP, 3/27/11)(AFP, 4/7/11)
2011 May 31, In the Central
African Republic violence erupted after the bodies of two children
were discovered in the boot of a car belonging to a Muslim.
2011 Jun 2, In the Central
African Republic sporadic gunfire was heard overnight in Bangui,
capital of the CAR, but tension slowly eased after two days of
bloodshed targeting Muslims. 11 people were killed including 8
Chadians in violence targeting Muslims in Bangui.
(AFP, 6/2/11)(AFP, 6/3/11)
2011 Jun 12, In the Central
African Republic the last major rebel movement active, the
Convention of Patriots for Justice and Peace (CPJP), signed a
ceasefire with the government that is set to lead to a peace accord.
2011 Jun 25, Central African
Republic President Francois Bozize launched an operation to disarm
hundreds of rebels at Bocaranga in the northwest.
2011 Jul 17, The Central
African Republic government and a 500-man breakaway faction of the
country's last active rebel movement, a dissident faction of the
Convention of Patriots for Justice and Peace (CPJP), signed a peace
deal in Nzako.
2011 Sep 11, In the Central
African Republic clashes between rival armed groups erupted in the
central town of Bria, the country's main diamond mining hub.
2011 Sep 12, In the Central
African Republic two days of fighting between the rebel Convention
of Patriots for Justice and Peace (CPJP) and former militants of the
Union of Democratic Forces for Unity (UFDR) left at least 12 people
2011 Sep 20, The UN called for
an immediate truce between rival groups in the Central African
Republic fighting for control over diamond mines.
2011 Sep 22, A CAR army source
said that a recent outbreak of fighting between rival armed groups
in the Central African Republic vying for control over diamond mines
left 43 dead.
2011 Sep 25, In the Central
African Republic rebels of the Convention of Patriots for Justice
and Peace (CPJP) attacked a vehicle carrying former rebels of the
Union of Democratic Forces for Unity (UFDR) and civilians near Bria,
the country's main diamond mining hub. 7 people were killed
including a senior local official.
2011 Sep 30, Central African
Republic health minister Jean-Michel Mandaba said a new cholera
epidemic has hit the country and has already claimed at least 10
victims in the south.
2011 Oct 8, In the Central
African Republic a ceasefire ended fighting that claimed about 50
lives between the rebel Convention of Patriots for Justice and Peace
(CPJP) and the Union of Democratic Forces for Unity (UFDR). The
rebel groups, fighting over diamond mines, signed a peace pact with
the Bangui government ending weeks of deadly violence.
(AFP, 10/9/11)(AFP, 10/18/11)
2011 Oct 17, In the Central
African Republic 2 rebel groups, that signed a cease fire on Oct 8,
said they had left the central town of Bria. One of them asked for
humanitarian aid for civilians.
2012 Jan 4, In the Central
African Republic taxi and bus drivers in Bangui held a one-day
strike. The government promised to look into grievances about its
decision to raise fuel prices.
2012 Jan 6, Central African
Republic police arrested ex-rebel chief Jean-Jacques Demafouth for
an alleged bid to destabilize the country.
2012 Feb 22, The top US special
operations commander for Africa said US troops helping in the
fight against a brutal rebel group called the Lord's Resistance Army
are now deployed in four Central African countries: Uganda, Congo,
South Sudan and Central African Republic.
2012 Mar 5, A marketing
campaign was launched by the Ugandan advocacy group Invisible
Children (www.kony2012.com) to vastly increase awareness about
Joseph Kony, a jungle militia leader wanted for atrocities by the
International Criminal Court and hunted by 100 US Special Forces
advisers and local troops. His Lordís Resistance Army (LRA) was
operating in Congo, the Central African Republic and South Sudan.
2012 Mar 26, In the CAR British
safari driver David Simpson was arrested after he reported the
discovery of the bodies of 13 people by a small-scale gold mine at
the Ngungunza mining site. Simpson was released after five months of
(AFP, 5/14/12)(AP, 8/27/12)
2012 Apr 11, The Central
African Republic freed former rebel chief Jean-Jacques Demafouth and
two other leading opposition figures after a three-month detention.
Demafouth has headed the People's Army for the Restoration of
Democracy (APRD) since 2008.
2012 May 12, Ugandan forces
captured Caesar Acellam, a senior commander of Joseph Kony's Lord's
Resistance Army, after a brief fight with rebels near the
Congo-Central African Republic border. Two other rebel fighters were
also caught as they tried to cross a river called Mbomu. Officials
say only about 200 LRA members remain the jungle.
2012 May 10, In the CAR Erik
Mararv, a Swedish professional hunter who heads the big game Central
African Wildlife Adventures company, and 10 employees, several of
them foreigners, were charged with murder and remanded in custody in
Bangui's central N'garagba prison. The bodies of the 13 miners who
had been working at the Ngungunza mining site were discovered on
2012 Jun 2, Central African
Republic President Francois Bozize sacked his nephew and right-hand
man Sylvain Ndoutingai as finance minister. The sacking came the day
of a new hike in fuel prices, the second this year, which prompted a
strike by taxi and taxi-bus drivers.
2012 Jun 6, A UN report said
Joseph Kony's Lord Resistance Army has abducted more than 600 child
soldiers and sex slaves over the past two years even as the hunt for
the rebel leader intensifies. At least 591 children, including 268
girls, were reported seized over the same time in Democratic
Republic of Congo, Central African Republic and South Sudan.
2012 Jun 24, In the Central
African Republic a violent clash pitted CAR troops against an
unidentified group of armed men attempting to launch an assault on
the site of a uranium plant operated by French mining company Areva.
The armed men were believed to be members of the Chadian rebel
Popular Front for Recovery (FPR) led by 'General' Baba Ladde. The
rebels seized five French nationals and two locals.
(AFP, 6/25/12)(AP, 6/26/12)
2012 Jul 26, The UN's food
agency said 10 Central African countries have agreed to take part in
a regional initiative to monitor the Congo Basin, one of the world's
largest primary rainforests. They included Burundi, Cameroon,
Central African Republic, Chad, the Democratic Republic of Congo,
Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Rwanda and Sao Tome and Principe.
2012 Aug 24, In the Central
African Republic a clash between a squad of Ugandan troops and the
insurgents -- headed by Dominic Ongwen, one of three LRA commanders
wanted by the International Criminal Court -- left 2 rebels dead.
2012 Sep 3, CAR officials said
that Gen. Baba Ladde, a rebel leader from Chad known by his nickname
"The Father of the Bush," has turned himself in to authorities in
the capital of the Central African Republic.
2012 Sep 4, The Ugandan
military killed a rebel fighter and captured another in its campaign
against Joseph Kony's Lord's Resistance Army rebels in the Central
African Republic. Rebel general Dominic Ongwen escaped unhurt in the
raid on his camp.
2012 Dec 12, A rebel group that
signed a peace accord with the government of the Central African
Republic announced that it has taken three towns in the country's
north, in a move that is intended to force the state to review the
2012 Dec 18, Some 2,000
soldiers from Chad arrived to help the government of Central African
Republic fight a rapidly advancing rebel movement, as the fighters
claimed to have seized a sixth town.
2012 Dec 20, Rebels in Central
African Republic seized another town in their rapid offensive,
moving to within about 400 km (250 miles) of the capital as the
rebels said they were ready for negotiations with the government.
2012 Dec 26, Angry Central
African Republic protesters carrying clubs threw rocks at the French
Embassy, criticizing the former colonial power for failing to do
more to stem a rapid rebel advance as fears grew that the insurgents
aim to seize the capital.
2012 Dec 28, In Central African
Republic renewed fighting between government forces and rebels
seeking to overthrow the president broke out in Bambari, CARís third
largest city. Representatives from the 10-nation Economic Community
of Central African States, or ECCAS, agreed at a meeting in Gabon to
send forces to CAR
(AP, 12/28/12)(AP, 12/31/12)
2012 Dec 29, Central African
Republic rebels continued their advance, seizing the city of Sibut,
185 km (114 miles) from Bangui.
2012 Dec 30, French
reinforcements arrived in the Central African Republic from nearby
Gabon, bringing the total French military force in the capital,
Bangui, to nearly 600.
2012 Dec 31, The Seleka rebels
in the Central African Republic rejected appeals for them to halt
their advances and to negotiate to form a coalition government.
Seleka means alliance in the local Sango language.
2012 The population of the
Central African Republic was about 4.4 million.
2013 Jan 5, In the Central
African Republic the Seleka alliance rebels took Alindao town
raising their control to 11 towns.
2013 Jan 6, The South African
presidency announced that is sending 400 army troops to Central
African Republic to help the country's army as it faces a threat
from a coalition of rebel groups. Neighboring countries Cameroon,
Gabon and Republic of Congo already have sent about 120 troops each
to help stabilize the country confronted by the rebellion.
2013 Jan 9, Talks on the crisis
in Central African Republic began in Gabon with representatives of
the government, rebels and other groups.
2013 Jan 11, Central African
Republic President Francois Bozize and the rebels who sought to
overthrow him reached a deal that will allow him to stay in office
until his term ends in 2016.
2013 Jan 15, Rebels from
Central African Republic and the country's political opposition said
that they have agreed to choose Nicolas Tiangaye as a candidate for
prime minister. Under the deal Pres. Bozize will remain in office
until his term ends in 2016.
2013 Jan 18, In the Central
African Republic a rebel commander known only as Binani, the chief
bodyguard of LRA leader Joseph Kony, was killed in a firefight 280
km (175 miles) north of Djema, where Uganda-led African Union troops
are being advised by US special forces.
2013 Mar 11, CAR rebels who
signed a peace deal with the government two months ago, seized
control of two towns in the southeast of Central African Republic,
threatening to undo the country's fragile peace.
2013 Mar 23, In Central African
Republic Seleka rebels took control of the town of Bossembele,
pushing closer to the capital, Bangui.
2013 Mar 24, Central African
Republic's President Francois Bozize fled the capital, hours after
hundreds of armed rebels threatening to overthrow him invaded
2013 Mar 25, Central African
Republic's President Francois Bozize fled to neighboring Cameroon.
Michel Djotodia, one of the leaders of the Seleka rebel coalition,
said that he plans to stay in power until 2016, the length of time
left in the term of Bozize.
(AP, 3/25/13)(AP, 3/26/13)
2013 Mar 25, South Africa's
president said 13 South African soldiers were killed and 27 wounded
in weekend fighting in the Central African Republic.
2013 Mar 26, In the CAR Michel
Djotodia, one of the leaders of the Seleka rebel coalition,
announced over radio that he has dissolved the country's
constitution as well as the parliament and the government. French
forces protecting Bangui's main airport opened fire on three cars
that were speeding toward a security checkpoint. Two Indian citizens
were killed, and wounded Indian and Chadian passengers were taken
for medical care. Pillaging continued in Bangui.
2013 Mar 28, Ousted Central
African Republic President Francois Bozize requested exile in Benin
days after rebels invaded and overthrew his government of a decade.
2013 Apr 1, Central African
Republic's coup leader, Michel Djotodia, further solidified his hold
on the government after announcing that he will serve as both
president and defense minister, while other top posts are going to
his fellow rebels.
2013 Apr 2, South Africa said
most of its 200 troops in the Central African Republic have been
withdrawn from the country where 13 died as rebels ousted the
2013 Apr 3, Uganda's top
military official said African troops in Central African Republic
have suspended the hunt for the fugitive warlord Joseph Kony because
the new government there is not cooperating with the mission.
2013 Apr 6, Central African
Republic's self-appointed leader, Michel Djotodia, said he's created
a new council that now will choose a president to lead the country
until elections can be held.
2013 Apr 13, Central African
Republic rebel leader Michel Djotodia was elected president by the
National Transitional Council. He was the only candidate and was
elected unanimously by the 105 council members.
2013 Apr 14, In CAR weekend
fighting left at least 10 people dead in the Poukandja neighborhood
of Bangui, while another 7 bodies were found elsewhere.
2013 Apr 16, The UN High
Commissioner for Human Rights said the security situation in Central
African Republic is deteriorating and expressed concern about "a
wide range of alleged grave violations" including rape, torture,
kidnappings and targeted killings.
2013 Apr 25, Central African
Republic (CAR) local residents said at least 40 elephants have been
slain at Dzanga-Sangha since the rebels took power on March 24.
2013 May 10, Human Rights Watch
said an angry mob in late April stoned to death a soldier (17) in
Central African Republic who had been freed from a rebel group and
moved to the capital for his own safety only to be re-recruited by
armed fighters. The watchdog also documented the case of 9 men who
had been abducted by Seleka forces in April and accused of being
members of the national military. The men were repeatedly stabbed by
rebels before being taken to a river bank where 5 were shot.
2013 May 17, In the Central
African Republic suspected foreign fighters backing a rebel movement
now in control of the CAR government invaded Bouca, a remote
north-central village and killed six people.
2013 May 24, In western Central
African Republic rebels arrived in the village of Poulissi in three
vehicles and began killing residents there. At least 25 people were
reported killed in attacks on various villages near Bossangoa,
including a pregnant woman and a child.
2013 May 31, Central African
Republic said it has issued an international arrest warrant for
ex-President Francois Bozize, ousted in March. He has been accused
of kidnappings, murder and crimes against humanity. He is also
accused of economic crimes, including misappropriation of public
funds and corruption.
2013 Jun 3, The Enough Project,
the Satellite Sentinel Project and two other groups said in a new
report that members of Joseph Konyís LRA have turned to elephant
poaching in CongoDRC and the CAR and that the militia trades illegal
ivory to acquire food and other supplies. The report also said
elephants of Garamba National Park also are being targeted by
"members of the armed forces of (Congo), South Sudan, Sudan, and
Uganda," citing the concerns of park rangers there.
2013 Jun 28, Human rights and
aid groups said fighters in Central African Republic have destroyed
dozens of villages since February, compounding a humanitarian crisis
that affects the country's entire population of 4.6 million people.
2013 Aug 9, An international
aid organization said dozens of people have been slaughtered in a
remote village in Central African Republic and their bodies tossed
in a nearby river. Caritas said the violence had taken place over
the last two weeks in a village called Ouhman-Bac in the country's
2013 Aug 19, Cameroonian police
official Felix Ndalle Ngando was killed by Seleka fighters
loyal to Central African Republic's new president. This soon
prompted Cameroon to shut its border with the CAR.
2013 Aug 21, In the Central
African Republic a Red Cross official said at least 12 people are
dead following clashes in Bangui.
2013 Aug 27, In the Central
African Republic sustained gunfire and looting broke out overnight
in Bangui, causing many people to flee their homes.
2013 Aug 29, UN officials said
the airport in Central African Republic's capital has been forced to
close as thousands seek refuge from violence.
2013 Sep 9, The CAR presidency
said at least 60 people have been killed in the last two days in
fighting between the new Central African Republic president's forces
and those loyal to ousted leader Francois Bozize.
2013 Sep 10, The president of
Central African Republic dismissed the head of the armed forces
after days of fighting with gunmen loyal to ousted leader Francois
Bozize that left 100 people dead.
2013 Sep 11, A court in Central
African Republic sentenced 17 Seleka fighters to eight years in
prison for theft, rape and pillage, the first ex-rebels to be
punished for a wave of violence that has gripped the country since
they seized power.
2013 Sep 13, Central African
Republic's new president Michel Djotodia said he was dissolving the
Seleka rebel alliance that swept him to power, a group that has
since been blamed for a wave of violence.
2013 Oct 7, In the Central
Africa Republic self-defence groups began attacking the village of
Garga, leaving 3 dead and a dozen injured.
2013 Oct 8, In the Central
Africa Republic at least 30 people died and dozens more were injured
in clashes between ex-rebels of the Seleka coalition and local
self-defence groups in Garga.
2013 Oct 9, In the Central
African Republic government forces arrested Mahamat Amine, a rogue
ex-rebel commander, and six of his men. Another ex-Seleka warlord
known as "Colonel Abdallah," who had been ruling over the eastern
town of Bangassou, was arrested together with four of his
lieutenants and transferred to Bangui.
2013 Oct 11, In Central African
Republic clashes broke out between security forces sent from Bangui
to Bomboro, and the 'anti-balaka' self-defence group," leaving 6
dead among the ranks of the vigilante.
2013 Oct 23, UN Secretary
General Ban Ki-moon requested the deployment of 250 troops to
protect the global body's personnel and facilities in the
strife-torn Central African Republic.
2013 Oct 26, In western Central
African Republic hundreds of vigilantes armed with machetes and
firearms attacked the town of Bouar, forcing civilians to flee the
2013 Nov 17, In the Central
African Republic Seleka rebels assassinated magistrate Modeste
Martineau Bria and his aide-de-camp. 2 people were killed and others
suffered gunshot wounds as residents protested the killing in
2013 Nov 19, In the Central
African Republic heavy fighting erupted near Bouca between the
Muslim Seleka rebels who have carried out attacks and massacres
throughout the northwest in recent months and members of Christian
self-defense militias that have arisen amid the violence. About
2,000 people have sought refuge in a Catholic mission in the area.
2013 Nov 22, In the Central
African Republic more than 100 judges and lawyers took to the
streets of Bangui to protest the Nov 17 slaying of a colleague
Modeste Martineau Bria.
2013 Nov 22, A senior UN
official said up to 6,000 children have been enrolled by warring
militias in the Central African Republic, issuing a stark warning
about the country's spiralling crisis.
2013 Nov 26, France said it
would send hundreds of extra troops to the strife-torn Central
African Republic after the UN warned the country was descending into
2013 Nov 28, In the Central
African Republic Ugandan foces killed Col. Samuel Kangul, a senior
commander of the Lord's Resistance Army and 13 of his rebel
2013 Nov 30, Britain said it is
giving 10 million pounds ($16.4 million) in aid to Central African
Republic amid a dramatic escalation in the former French colony's
2013 Dec 3, In the Central
African Republic UN officials said at least 12 people of the Peuhl
Muslim minority, including children and a pregnant woman, have been
killed by Christian vigilantes.
2013 Dec 5, Heavy gunfire
erupted in Bangui, the capital of the Central African Republic.
French troops killed several rebels who were bearing down on them in
a pickup truck. Ex-Seleka fighters stormed Amite Hospital and
abducted at least nine patients by gunpoint in front of horrified
medical staff. The bodies of 11 young men were later found just
outside the hospital. Over 280 people were killed in the violence in
(AP, 12/5/13)(AP, 12/6/13)(AP, 12/8/13)
2013 Dec 6, In CAR 19 members
of the Lord's Resistance Army, or LRA, defected in the Central
African Republic where the rebels are being pursued by African Union
forces backed by American advisers.
2013 Dec 7, French President
Francois Hollande said France will increase its troop deployment in
Central African Republic to 1,600 soldiers by this evening.
Operation Sangaris was named after a local butterfly. The African
Union agreed to increase its troops there to 6,000.
(Reuters, 12/7/13)(SSFC, 12/8/13, p.A4)(Econ,
2013 Dec 8, The mostly Muslim
fighters who control Central African Republic patrolled
neighborhoods across Bangui despite an order to return to their
barracks, reflecting the sectarian tensions still rippling across
the impoverished nation. The French foreign minister said violence
had killed at least 394 people in the past few days.
2013 Dec 9, Defense Secretary
Chuck Hagel ordered the US military to transport troops from Burundi
into the Central African Republic to help quell the latest upsurge
in violence there.
2013 Dec 10, Two French
soldiers were killed in overnight fighting in the Central African
Republic, France's first casualties in an operation to restore
stability in its former colony. Officials said over 500 people have
been killed in Bangui over the past week in sectarian fighting.
(Reuters, 12/10/13)(SFC, 12/11/13, p.A4)
2013 Dec 12, In the Central
African Republic 27 Muslims were killed by so-called
self-defense militias, known as anti-Balaka, in the western village
of Bohong. Fighting and sectarian violence has killed 450 people in
Bangui and 160 elsewhere in the country in the past week alone.
2013 Dec 14, In the Central
African Republic a mob in Bangui hacked a Muslim motorcyclist to
death in the Combattant district not far from the airport. Moments
later residents brandished the man's cut-off hands.
2013 Dec 17, French troops took
on armed Christian militias in Bangui, Central African Republic,
where the UN said 210,000 people had been uprooted in two weeks of
deadly sectarian violence.
2013 Dec 20, In the Central
African Republic more than 30 people, including a Chadian
peacekeeper, were killed overnight in a fresh outbreak of brutal
2013 Dec 20, The United States
said it is pledging up to $100 million to help support African Union
efforts in the Central African Republic.
2013 Dec 22, In Central African
Republic former Seleka rebels and their Muslim supporters blocked a
route near Bangui's airport to protest against French troops
conducting a disarmament operation, accusing them of killing 3
fighters in clashes. An African Union peacekeeper from the Republic
of Congo was killed by the anti-balaka, a Christian militia.
(AFP, 12/22/13)(AP, 12/24/13)
2013 Dec 23, In the Central
African Republic Chadian peacekeepers opened fire on a crowd
demonstrating against their presence, killing one person and
injuring several others in Bangui.
2013 Dec 23, The European Union
banned the export of arms and the sending of mercenaries to Central
2013 Dec 25, In the Central
African Republic a spokesman for MISCA, the peacekeeping force, said
Chadian troops will be redeployed from Bangui amid charges they were
siding with a former rebel group. 5 Chadian peacekeepers died in
clashes in Bangui.
(AFP, 12/25/13)(AFP, 12/26/13)
2013 Dec 26, In Central African
Republic Red Cross workers said they have recovered 44 bodies from
the streets of Bangui after inter-religious fighting in the last two
days. 2 African Union peacekeepers were shot dead in night time
fighting. Assailants also attempted to attack the presidential
palace, but were pushed back.
(Reuters, 12/26/13)(AP, 12/27/13)
2013 Dec 29, In Central African
Republic a medical charity said more than 100,000 people displaced
by inter-religious violence are sheltering at a makeshift camp at
2013 Dec 30, In Central African
Republic heavy weapons fire rang out in the north of Bangui early
today in what the government said were clashes with Christian
2013 Dec 31, In the Central
African Republic Christian militiamen attacked an army base in
Bangui, as French and African soldiers struggled to contain
sectarian violence. Thousands of angry people flooded the runway of
the international airport in Bangui, shouting slogans against Michel
Djotodia, the nation's Muslim president, who grabbed power in a coup
nine months ago.
(AFP, 12/31/13)(AP, 12/31/13)
2014 Jan 1, In Central African
Republic clashes between Muslims and Christians in Bangui killed
three as angry residents threw grenades and torched homes.
2014 Jan 2, A Cameroon secutiry
official said 7 people, including two Cameroonian soldiers, have
been killed in an attack in the east by an armed group from the
Central African Republic.
2014 Jan 5, In the CAR a hand
grenade attack on a Bangui market left four people injured,
including two women and a Burundian soldier from MISCA, the African
force deployed in the Central African Republic.
2014 Jan 9, In Chad African
leaders began talks to tackle the sectarian violence wracking the
Central African Republic, with the pressure piling on the country's
embattled Pres. Michel Djotodia.
2014 Jan 10, Central African
Republic's interim President Michel Djotodia and his prime minister
resigned, according to a statement issued after a two-day summit in
neighboring Chad. Alexsandre-Ferdinand Nguendet took over as Acting
(Reuters, 1/10/14)(Econ, 1/18/14, p.50)
2014 Jan 11, In CAR deadly
violence including reports of cannibalism and widespread looting
erupted in Bangui after the resignation of its ex-rebel president,
The International Organization for Migration began an airlift of
thousands of foreigners out of the strife-torn country following
appeals from neighboring countries. Former president Michel Djotodia
traveled to Benin where he will go into exile.
(AFP, 1/11/14)(Reuters, 1/11/14)
2014 Jan 12, Central African
Republicís local Red Cross said scattered violence in Bangui,
including two consecutive nights of intense gunfire in some
neighborhoods, has killed 13 people since Michel Djotodia announced
his resignation from the presidency on Jan 10. Rival militiamen
struck a truce and hugged each other in a neighborhood of Bangui on
the eve of consultations aimed at replacing the president who
resigned under international pressure.
(AP, 1/12/14)(AFP, 1/12/14)
2014 Jan 14, The UN human
rights office said a UN human rights team has gathered testimony
that Chadian citizens, including peacekeepers, carried out mass
killings during chaotic violence in the Central African Republic.
The team also received reports that French disarmament of ex-Seleka
forces left Muslim communities vulnerable.
2014 Jan 17, In Central African
Republic attackers ambushed Muslims fleeing sectarian violence
outside the town of Bouar killing 22 people.
(SFC, 1/20/14, p.A2)
2014 Jan 18, In Central African
Republic fresh fighting broke out as the deadline closed for
candidates to register for a vote by the transitional parliament for
a new interim president.
2014 Jan 20, In Central African
Republic Catherine Samba-Panza, the mayor of Bangui, was elected
interim president and tasked with restoring peace to the country
torn by sectarian bloodshed.
2014 Jan 20, The EU foreign
ministers decided to send up to 1,000 soldiers to help stabilize
Central African Republic, deploying its first major army operation
in six years.
2014 Jan 21, In Central African
Republic French intelligence services reported the discovery some 15
bodies in a new mass grave near Bangui.
2014 Jan 22, In the Central
African Republic the Red Cross said it has found 11 corpses, most
burnt beyond recognition, dumped in Bangui. At least 10 people were
killed in clashes between former Seleka fighters and civilians in
Bangui. Hundreds of Christians went on a rampage in Bangui, looting
and setting fire to Muslim-owned homes and businesses and
threatening to go on a killing spree as the country prepared to
inaugurate a new interim presiden.
(Reuters, 1/22/14)(AFP, 1/22/14)(AP, 1/23/14)
2014 Jan 24, In Central African
Republic Dr. Joseph Kalite, a former government health minister who
had supported last year's rebellion by Muslim fighters, was
assassinated at the Central Mosque in Bangui.
2014 Jan 25, Central African
Republic Pres. Catherine Samba-Panzaís office announced the
appointment of Andre Nzapayeke, a former regional banking official,
as the new prime minister.
2014 Jan 26, Central African
Republic new PM Andre Nzapayeke said he will meet with all fighting
factions to bring an end to atrocities throughout the country, as
gunfire rang out in Bangui.
(AP, 1/26/14)(AFP, 1/26/14)
2014 Jan 28, The UN Security
Council authorized the deployment of an EU force to bolster French
and African troops in the Central African Republic.
(SFC, 1/29/14, p.A2)
2014 Jan 28, In Sudan a Russian
diplomat and his wife were stabbed in Khartoum by a man anguished by
the death of his brother in violence-plagued Central African
2014 Jan 31, Red Cross
officials warned that Central African Republic's capital of Bangui
is experiencing "unprecedented levels of violence" with at least 30
people killed in the last three days.
2014 Feb 2, In the Central
African Republic witnesses said international forces have retaken
Sibut, a strategic town occupied for days by Muslim Seleka fighters.
2014 Feb 3, CAR priest Cassien
Kamatari that 75 Christians have been killed during fighting over
the last five days in the town of Boda.
2014 Feb 7, In Central African
Republic thousands of Muslims fled for their lives from Bangui, with
Christian crowds cheering as truckloads of Muslim families made
their way out of town. One man who fell off a truck was subsequently
killed and his body mutilated, highlighting the savagery faced by
those Muslims who stayed behind. A convoy of some 500 cars, trucks
and motorcycles was guarded by armed soldiers from Chad. The UN's
refugee agency said nearly 9,000 people, mainly Muslims, have fled
to Cameroon in just over a week to escape communal bloodshed in the
(AP, 2/7/14)(AFP, 2/7/14)
2014 Feb 9, Violence in Central
African Republic's capital, including mob attacks and an apparent
assassination attempt targeting the country's former justice
minister, killed at least 10 people over the last 24 hours. Gunmen
murdered politician Jean-Emmanuel Djarawa, a Christian
representative for eastern Haute-Kotto province, outside his house
(AFP, 2/9/14)(Reuters, 2/10/14)
2014 Feb 10, In the Central
African Republic anti-Balaka Christian extremists began searching
the homes of Muslims in Berberati. About 10 Muslims were killed
reported. Some residents spoke of 15 dead.
2014 Feb 12, Amnesty
International said the exodus of tens of thousands of Muslims from
Central African Republic amounts to "ethnic cleansing." French
Defense Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian pledged on a visit to CAR to
continue disarming both Muslim and Christian fighters. African Union
peacekeepers uncovered a mass grave at a military camp in Bangui
occupied by the Muslim Seleka rebels.
(AP, 2/12/14)(Reuters, 2/12/14)
2014 Feb 13, In the Central
African Republic Richard Bejouane, the self-proclaimed leader of the
CARís Christian-dominated vigilantes (anti-balaka), warned Pres.
Catherine Samba Panza against any crackdown against his group.
2014 Feb 14, In the Central
African Republic thousands of Muslims who tried to flee the violence
in Bangui were turned back by peacekeepers, as crowds of angry
Christians shouted "we're going to kill you all." France announced
that it is increasing the number of its troops on the ground in CAR
by 400 for a total of 2,000.
2014 Feb 15, In the Central
African Republic French and African peacekeepers seized weapons from
militia in Bangui, but failed to detain a wanted leader of the rogue
2014 Feb 16, In the Central
African Republic troops of the MISCA African Union force clashed
with anti-balaka militias at Cantonnier, near the border with
Cameroon. 8 people, including 6 civilians, were killed in the
2014 Feb 19, In the Central
African Republic heavy fighting erupted near the airport in Bangui,
as Christian militia tried to block the evacuation of Muslims and
disrupted a visit by a top United Nations aid official.
2014 Feb 20, The Organization
of Islamic Cooperation, the world's largest bloc of Islamic
countries, agreed to send a high-level fact-finding mission to the
Central African Republic. The Saudi Arabia-based OIC also agreed to
appoint a special representative to coordinate efforts with the
African Union and the United Nations.
2014 Feb 21, The UN refugee
agency said around 28,000 people have fled from conflict-torn
Central African Republic to neighbouring Cameroon since the start of
2014 Feb 22, In Central African
Republic 3 Muslim civilians were shot dead when the taxi carrying
them was stopped by an angry mob in Bangui.
2014 Feb 24, In Central African
Republic Chadian peacekeepers shot dead 3 civilians in a Christian
neighborhood of Bangui. Witnesses said anti-Balaka Christian
militiamen killed at least 70 Muslims in the remote southwest
village of Guen earlier this month.
(Reuters, 2/24/14)(AP, 2/24/14)
2014 Mar 10, State officials in
the Central African Republic were paid their first wage for six
months, a small sign of normality in a country that has been
paralyzed by war for over a year. A group of UN-mandated
investigators said they will launch a probe into human rights
violations amid fears of genocide and ethnic cleansing.
2014 Mar 21, Peacekeepers in
Central African Republic opened fire on a crowd in the capital to
disrupt anti-Muslim violence, injuring six people including four who
were under 16.
2014 Mar 26, The head of
African peacekeepers in the Central African Republic said that
vigilante groups known as "anti-balaka" will be considered and
treated as "enemies" from now on.
2014 Mar 27, In the Central
African Republic at least 9 people were killed when extremists threw
hand grenades at a crowd of mourners during a funeral service in
Bangui. A recent uptick in violence had seen around 20 people killed
in Bangui since March 22.
(AFP, 3/28/14)(AP, 3/29/14)
2014 Mar 29, In Central African
Republic Chadian soldiers, sent to repatriate their compatriots,
killed at least 8 civilians when they opened fire on crowds in
Bangui. Chadian troops were accused of killing 32 civilians when
they opened fire on a crowd.
(AFP, 3/30/14)(AP, 4/3/14)
2014 Apr 1, The UN said it was
trying to evacuate 19,000 Muslims urgently from Bangui and other
parts of Central African Republic who are surrounded by anti-balaka
Christian militia threatening their lives.
2014 Apr 3, Chadian officials
said they are withdrawing their peacekeepers from the regional
mission in Central African Republic.
2014 Apr 5, UN
Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon traveled to Central African Republic
for the first time since the country erupted into sectarian
bloodshed four months ago. Ban has urged council members to act
quickly on his recommendation for a 12,000-member peacekeeping
2014 Apr 8, In Central African
Republic at least 30 people were killed in fighting between mainly
Christian militia and predominantly Muslim rebels in the central
town of Dekoa. Most of the dead were civilians, killed by Muslims
who fired into a crowd of people they mistook for Christian
(AFP, 4/9/14)(AP, 4/10/14)
2014 Apr 10, The UN Security
Council unanimously approved a nearly 12,000-strong UN peacekeeping
force for Central African Republic.
2014 Apr 16, The United Nations
and aid groups launched an appeal for $274 million to help people
who have fled the Central African Republic because of the sectarian
2014 Apr 22, Ugandaís military
said African troops have captured a junior commander with the Lord's
Resistance Army and rescued 10 people, mostly children, abducted by
the rebels. The rebel lieutenant known as Charles Okell was seized
after a firefight in Central African Republic.
2014 Apr 26, In northern
Central African Republic dozens of heavily armed Muslim rebels
opened fire in a hospital in Naga-Boguila, killing 22 people,
including three local health workers for Doctors Without Borders.
(Econ, 5/3/14, p.44)
2014 Apr 27, In Central African
Republic heavily armed African and French peacekeepers escorted some
of the last remaining Muslims out of Bangui, trucking more than
1,200 people who for months had been trapped in their neighborhood
by violent Christian militants.
(AP, 4/27/14)(AP, 4/28/14)
2014 Apr 28, In Central African
Republic 2 civilians were killed when gunmen ambushed a convoy of
Muslims fleeing violence in Bangui.
2014 May 1, In Central African
Republic gunmen killed about 15 people, including children, in an
attack on Markounda town near the Chad border.
2014 May 5, In northwest
Central African Republic French peacekeepers killed several
militants during a three-hour battle after coming under attack from
some 40 heavily armed unidentified gunmen.
2014 May 9, Central African
Republic rebel Col. Mahamat Deya said a gathering of Muslim fighters
has chosen Gen. Joseph Zindeko as the new leader of Seleka.
(SFC, 5/10/14, p.A2)
2014 May 9, The UN Security
Council ordered sanctions against three Central African Republic
leaders, including former president Francois Bozize. The leader of
the anti-Balaka militia Levy Yakete and the Seleka militia's number
two Nourredine Adam were also targeted.
2014 May 10 - 2014 May 11, In
Central African Republic at least 13 people were burned alive when
they were rounded up by armed men and barricaded inside a home that
was set alight.
2014 May 12, Chad announced it
was shutting down its southern border with the strife-wracked
Central African Republic until the conflict in the poor, landlocked
nation is resolved.
2014 May 13, In Central African
Republic the body of French journalist Camille Lepage (26) was found
by a patrol of French peacekeeping troops in the Bouar region.
Lepage was with the anti-balaka militia as part of her efforts to
report on the conflict when they were attacked on May 12.
2014 May 22, In Central African
Republic 3 civilians were killed in Bambari as hundreds of Muslims
armed with rifles and machetes clashed with French peacekeeping
troops trying to disarm members of the rebel Seleka coalition in the
2014 May 23, The UN said nearly
30 children fleeing the war-ravaged Central African Republic have
died in just a month from starvation, exhaustion and exposure after
crossing into Cameroon.
2014 May 24, French forces in
Central African Republic fired mortars and exchanged sustained
gunfire with Muslim rebels who once controlled the country.
2014 May 28, In Central African
Republic gunmen sprayed bullets and hurled grenades at people
sheltering at the Our Lady of Fatima church in Bangui following a
battle between anti-balaka militia and residents of the nearby
Muslim neighborhood of PK5. At least 17 people were killed and 27
(Reuters, 5/29/14)(SFC, 5/29/14, p.A2)(Reuters,
2014 May 29, In Central African
Republic youths plundered a mosque in Bangui and barricaded streets
with burning tires in protest at an attack by Muslim gunmen on a
church a day earlier.
2014 May 30, The Central
African Republic's interim president Catherine Samba-Panza accused
armed groups of seeking to destabilize her government, as two people
were shot dead by Burundian peacekeepers in a second day of violent
protests in Bangui. Thousands marched through the center of Bangui
to demand the resignation of Catherine Samba-Panza and the
withdrawal of the Burundian contingent of the African Union
2014 May 31, In Central African
Republic hundreds of Muslims marched in their last major enclave in
Bangui, protesting against a call by the president that they disarm
and demanding their safe evacuation from the city.
2014 Jun 10, In Central African
Republic two days of fighting between mainly Muslim ex-rebels and
the largely Christian "anti-balaka" militia left at least 22 people.
2014 Jun 23, In Central African
Republic Christian an anti-Balaka militia attacked the village of
Ardo-Djobi, killing 18 of the local Fulani tribal population. One
militiaman also died. An initial attack by mainly Christian militia
just outside Bambari led to waves of reprisals by Muslim youths.
About 10 anti-Balaka were killed.
(AP, 6/23/14)(Reuters, 6/24/14)
2014 Jun 25, Central African
Republic peacekeepers said nearly 50 people have been killed since
June 23 during violence in the Bambari region and nearby villages.
2014 Jun 26, Central African
Republic peacekeepers said nearly 70 people have been killed since
June 23 during violence in the Bambari region and nearby villages.
2014 Jun 29, Uganda forces in
Central African Republic (CAR) clashed for the first time with
fighters from Seleka, a mainly Muslim rebel force. 15 Seleka and
three UPDF soldiers were reported killed as clashes continued into
the next day.
2014 Jul 1, The UN warned that
nearly 800,000 refugees in Africa have had their food rations
slashed by up to 60 percent, threatening to push many to the brink
of starvation. The situation was most dire for the 300,000 refugees
in Chad, mainly from Sudan's Darfur region and from the Central
2014 Jul 2, African nations
agreed to suspend military operations for six months against
Congo-based Rwandan rebels in order to give them more time to lay
down their arms. The suspension was announced after a meeting in
Angola of foreign ministers from a regional bloc including Angola,
Burundi, Central African Republic, Republic of Congo, DRC, Kenya,
Uganda, Rwanda, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania and Zambia.
2014 Jul 7, In the Central
African Republic Muslim fighters attacked St. Josephís Cathedral
compound in Bambari killing at least 17 people.
(SFC, 7/9/14, p.A2)
2014 Jul 13, In Central African
Republic a spokesman said Michel Djotodia has been re-elected as
head of the mostly Muslim movement previously known as Seleka during
a meeting in the northern town of Birao. Rebels also adopted a new
name: The Popular Front for the Rebirth of Central African Republic.
2014 Jul 16, Medical charity
MSF said a survey of nearly 33,000 Central African refugees in
neighboring Chad had shown 8 percent questioned had lost at least
one member of their family. The report said refugees reported 2,599
deaths between November 2013 and April 2014.
2014 Aug 9, In Central African
Republic rival vigilante militias clashed with heavy weapons
overnight in the capital Bangui. Shortly after the fighting ended,
thousands of people braved the rain in Bangui to take part in a
2014 Aug 10, The Central
African Republic named its first Muslim prime minister as part of an
effort to create a more inclusive government and end more than a
year of sectarian violence. Mahamat Kamoun, a former special advisor
to interim president Catherine Samba-Panza, will lead a transitional
government that is seeking to implement a precarious ceasefire
signed late last month.
2014 Aug 19, In Central African
Republic fighting erupted between unidentified gunmen and French
troops from the European Union's Eufor mission, which began
deploying in April. 5 people were killed in the fighting between
armed militants and French peacekeepers in Bangui.
2014 Aug 22, The Central
African Republic unveiled a new government representing a fresh
attempt to put an end to more than a year of ethnic and religious
bloodshed that has killed thousands and forced around a million from
2014 Aug 25, In Central African
Republic at least 17 people were killed in fighting in Bambari
between rival factions of Seleka.
2014 Sep 2, In Central African
Republic at least 5 people were killed during an attack by armed
men, believed to be ex-Seleka rebel fighters, in the northern town
of Nana Bakassa.
2014 Sep 17, The government of
the Central African Republic said around 80 people are missing after
their boat sank last week on the M'poko River south of the capital
2014 Oct 8, In Central African
Republic an angry crowd killed a Muslim man in Bangui overnight,
decapitating and burning his corpse, and in revenge Muslims killed a
taxi driver. The Muslim man was chased by Christian 'anti-balaka'
militiamen because he was suspected of having thrown a grenade from
a bus into a market.
2014 Oct 12, In Central African
Republic eight armed men, belonging to a rebel group known as the
Democratic Front of the Central African People (FDPC), abducted
Polish priest Mateusz Dziedzic in the town of Baboua. They wanted to
exchange the kidnapped missionary for their leader, who is currently
imprisoned in Cameroon.
2014 Oct 15, In Central African
Republic four UN peacekeepers were wounded in the attack by elements
of the Christian militia calling for President Catherine Samba-Panza
2014 Oct 22, In Central African
Republic gunmen over the last 24 hours killed at least 30 people in
fresh attacks on the central village of Yamale.
2014 Nov 22, In Central African
Republic hundreds of women marched topless through the town of Zemio
to protest sectarian violence.
2014 Nov 25, A Cameroonian army
operation freed 16 hostages, including Polish Catholic priest
Mateusz Dziedzic, who were abducted by rebels from Central African
Republic last month.
2014 Nov 27, Cameroonian
authorities freed General Abdoulaye Miskine, a rebel leader from
Central African Republic, two days after a group of 26 hostages
including a Polish Catholic priest were released by his faction.
2014 Nov 29, In Central African
Republic Patrice Edouard Ngaissona, the national coordinator of the
anti-Balaka Christian militia, announced that the militia would,
from now on, only fight through political means.
2014 Dec 18, In Central African
Republic clashes between Muslim and Christian fighters left 28
people dead and dozens wounded. The fighting reportedly began on Dec
16 in Mbres when a member of a Christian militia was killed by a
grenade allegedly thrown by a group of Muslims.
2014 Dec 19, In Central African
Republic violence broke out when mainly Christian anti-balaka
militias launched an attack against rebels of the largely Muslim
former Seleka alliance and Peul in the central region of Bambari. At
least 12 people were killed in that attack.
2014 Dec 21, In Central African
Republic at least 18 people were killed and dozens injured in fresh
attacks in and around the southwestern towns of Gamboula and Nola,
near the border with Cameroon.
2014 Dec 23, In Central African
Republic fighting continued in Gambouri between Peul herders, who
are mostly Muslim, and members of the predominantly Christian
2015 Jan 7, Ugandan army
spokesman Paddy Ankunda said top LRA commander Dominic Ongwen, who
is wanted by the International Criminal Court (ICC) for crimes
against humanity and war crimes, has given himself up in Central
African Republic. He was initially abducted by the LRA when he was a
10-year-old and forced to fight as a child soldier.
2015 Jan 12, In the Central
African Republic nearly 100 people were feared dead after the New
Jerusalem barge caught fire and sank on the Oubangui River near the
village of Modale.
2015 Jan 17, In Central African
Republic the widely feared anti-Balaka commander Rodrigue Ngaibona,
alias Andilo, was arrested.
2015 Jan 20, Central African
Republic's anti-Balaka Christian militia abducted a Kurdish UN
staffer in Bangui. A day earlier two workers for a Catholic medical
organization, a local and a French woman (67), were kidnapped.
2015 Jan 25, Central African
Republic's minister for youth and sport was kidnapped by gunmen in
the capital, Bangui, as he returned from church.
2015 Mar 18, In Cameroon 30
heavily armed fighters seized a bus in Babio, just miles (km) from
the border, that was carrying people returning from a burial. The
assailants drove the bus back into Central African Republic.
2015 Mar 26, The UN Security
Council boosted the number of peacekeepers in Central African
Republic by more than 1,000 after the mission was overburdened by a
need to protect infrastructure and senior officials in the capital
2015 Mar 28, Residents of
eastern Cameroon killed several suspected fighters from a Central
African Republic rebel group who were trying to carry out a
large-scale kidnapping near the border town of Garoua-Boulai.
2015 Apr 10, In the Central
African Republic one person died and a dozen people were wounded
when hundreds of protesters clashed with UN peacekeepers.
Demonstrators in the town of Kaga-Bandoro were angry that the UN
MINUSCA mission had failed to stop raids by ethnic Peuhl
2015 Apr 30, A judicial source
said fourteen French soldiers are implicated in a probe into the
alleged rape of children in the Central African Republic, in what
could be a potentially devastating scandal for the army.
2015 May 5, Armed factions in
Central African Republic agreed to free all child soldiers and other
children used as sex slaves or menial workers, boosting UN-driven
efforts at national reconciliation after two years of turmoil.
2015 May 14, In the Central
African Republic armed groups of Christian and Muslim militia freed
more than 350 child soldiers.
(SFC, 5/15/15, p.A2)
2015 May, In eastern Central
African Republic two groups of some 200 poachers from Sudan were
active, killing elephants and other wild animals, according to a UN
report made public in September.
2015 Jun 10, In Central African
Republic 20 foreign UN peacekeepers reportedly used "excessive
force" on four people, killing 2 of them. On July 9 the peacekeepers
were sent home and the UN mission MINUSCA said that the men should
2015 Jul 31, Amnesty
International said Muslims in the western part of Central African
Republic are being forced to hide their religion or convert to
Christianity under threat of death by anti-Balaka militia.
2015 Aug 2, In the Central
African Republic one UN peacekeeper was killed and eight were
injured in Bangui after they came under attack by armed men bearing
machine guns and grenades.
2015 Aug 8, In the Central
African Republic a Rwandan soldier serving with the UN peacekeeping
mission shot dead 4 Rwandan troops and wounded eight others before
2015 Aug 12, UN Chief Ban
Ki-moon said that he has fired Senegalese Gen. Babacar Gaye, head of
the peacekeeping mission in the Central African Republic, over the
forceís handling of sexual and other misconduct allegations.
(SFC, 8/13/15, p.A4)
2015 Aug 28, In the Central
African Republic the armed anti-Balaka militia group released 163
children, some of thousands who have been conscripted in jobs like
cooks, messengers, and even combatants.
2015 Sep 2, A cattle war was
reported raging amid the sectarian violence in the Central African
Republic. The UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) said herd
figures have dropped by 77 percent compared to levels before the
crisis, due to mass slaughter and theft.
2015 Sep 9, Grenade attacks in
Central African Republic's Bangui killed at least 2 people in a rare
incident of violence in the capital.
2015 Sep 26, In the Central
African Republic at least 21 people were killed and another 100 were
wounded when Muslims attacked a mainly Christian neighborhood in
Bangui in reprisal for the murder of Moctar Mahamat, a Muslim man.
(Reuters, 9/27/15)(SFC, 9/30/15, p.A5)
2015 Sep 28, In Central African
Republic 3 protesters were killed in Bangui when UN peacekeepers
opened fire on a crowd amid a resurgence of deadly violence. After
the break-up of the protest, shooting broke out elsewhere in the
city where a teenager too was killed after being hit by a stray
2015 Sep 29, The Central
African Republic's interim President Catherine Samba Panza appealed
for calm as the UN reported 36 people dead and almost 30,000
displaced in three days of bloodshed terrorizing the capital Bangui.
2015 Sep 30, In the Central
African Republic at least two people died in clashes between gangs
and militias in Bangui, where peacekeepers and pressure from world
powers have failed to halt more than two years of violence.
2015 Oct 29, In Central African
Republic 4 people were killed by mobs in Bangui. 3 Muslims were
attacked as they left the city's only Muslim enclave, PK5, to enter
the Christian sixth district. Witnesses said 2 of them were killed
immediately and their bodies chopped into small pieces. A third man
escaped but was then stoned to death by a crowd. A Christian was
killed later in the morning as he entered PK5.
2015 Nov 13, In Central African
Republic an officials said at least 22 people were killed in a
string of raids on villages this week.
2015 Nov 29, The Central
African Republic welcomed Pope Francis as he brought a message of
peace to the divided country, visiting people displaced by months of
bloody sectarian violence and calling for unity. Interim president
Catherine Samba-Panza asked for "forgiveness" from Pope Francis for
two years of "evil" sectarian violence.
2015 Nov 30, In the Central
African Republic Pope Francis said Christians and Muslims were
"brothers" and urged them to reject hatred and violence as he
visited a mosque in Bangui, which has been ravaged by sectarian
2015 Dec 8, Central African
Republic's exiled former president Francois Bozize, who is wanted
for helping foment deadly unrest, was barred from running for
election late this month.
2015 Dec 13, In the Central
African Republic 5 people were killed as heavy weapons fire and
clashes in the Muslim-majority PK-5 district of Bangui. Violence
prevented many from voting in a constitutional referendum seen as a
test of whether national elections can take place later this month.
Final results showed 93% of the citizens voting yes. Turnout was
about 38%. The referendum creates a senate, allows freedom of
worship and prohibits religious fundamentalism.
(AFP, 12/13/15)(AP, 12/13/15)(AFP, 12/14/15)(AP,
12/22/15)(SFC, 12/23/15, p.A2)
2015 Dec 14, In Central African
Republic peacekeepers massed in a flashpoint district of Bangui to
enable people to vote safely a day after violence prevented them
from casting ballots in a key referendum. About 90 percent of voters
in the capital said yes to a proposed new constitution.
(AFP, 12/14/15)(Reuters, 12/18/15)
2015 Dec 14, In the Central
African Republic Maouloud Moussa, a spokesman and chief lieutenant
for rebel leader Noureddine Adam, proclaimed the Republic of Logone
in the town of Kaga-Bandoro. Adam, one of the main leaders of the
Seleka rebel coalition, used intimidation in areas under his control
to block voting on a crucial Dec 13 constitutional referendum. On
Dec 22 Noureddine Adam dropped his opposition to the holding of
(Reuters, 12/15/15)(Reuters, 12/22/15)
2015 Dec 17, The UN Security
Council's Central African Republic (CAR) sanctions committee added
Haroun Gaye and Eugene Barret Ngaikosset to a UN blacklist for
attempting to undermine the transitional government. They are now
subject to an international travel ban and assets freeze.
2015 Dec 30, Thousands in
Central African Republic's capital voted in national elections with
hope that a new president will lead to greater stability after years
of violence. Anicet-Georges Dologuele won 23.74 percent of votes
cast followed by Faustin-Archange Touadera with 19.05 percent.
(AP, 12/30/15)(Reuters, 1/25/16)
2016 Jan 20, The UN World Food
Program said that some 2.5 million people in the Central African
Republic face hunger. The number has doubled in just one year.
2016 Jan 25, Central African
Republic's Constitutional Court annulled the results of the Dec 30
legislative election, citing irregularities, setting back a
transition to democracy after years of conflict.
2016 Jan 29, In the Central
African Republic hundreds of people marched through the capital,
blowing whistles, denouncing fraud and demanding the first round of
last month's presidential election be annulled.
2016 Feb 14, Voters in the
Central African Republic cast their ballots in an election meant to
restore democratic rule, determined to turn the page on years of
bloodshed that has killed thousands and split the impoverished
nation along religious and ethnic lines. On March 1 the
constitutional court confirmed the election of former mathematics
professor Faustin-Archange Touadera.
(Reuters, 2/14/16)(Reuters, 3/1/16)
2016 Feb 20, The CAR electoral
commission said former Central African Republic prime minister
Faustin-Archange Touadera has won the presidential run-off in what
was widely seen as a step toward reconciliation after years of
2016 Mar 21, Congolese
politician Jean-Pierre Bemba became the highest-ranking political
leader to face a verdict from the International Criminal Court. He
was found guilty of a 2002-2003 campaign of rape and murder in
Central African Republic.
2016 Mar 30, Central African
Republic's newly elected president Faustin Archange Touadera (58)
took the oath of office.
2016 Mar 31, Voters in the
Central African Republic went to the polls for the 2nd round of the
country's parliamentary election, a day after the new president was
2016 Mar 31, A US-based
advocacy group says 98 girls in Central African Republic reported
they were sexually abused by international peacekeepers, and three
girls told UN staff they were tied up, undressed and forced to have
sex with a dog by a French military commander in 2014.
2016 Apr 2, Central African
Republic President Faustin Archange Touadera announced late today
that campaign manager Simplice Sarandji (61) was the new prime
2016 Jun 17, In the Central
African Republic a local driver for Medecins sans Frontieres was
killed during an ambush on a convoy by unidentified gunmen.
2016 Jun 21, Central African
Republic police said 16 people have been killed in two days of
clashes between Fulani herdsmen and the mainly Muslim Seleka
2016 Jun 21, At The Hague the
International Criminal Court handed down its toughest sentence yet,
ordering former Congolese vice president Jean-Pierre Bemba to serve
18 years in jail for "sadistic, cruel" rapes and murders by his
troops in Central African Republic.
2016 Jul 5, Police in the
Central African Republic said clashes between rival rebel factions
have left at least 10 dead and 25 injured in Bambari.
2016 Jul 20, Monitoring groups
Resolve and Invisible Children said kidnappings in Central Africa by
the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) hit a six-year high in the first
half of 2016 just as Uganda threatened to roll back its involvement
in an operation to hunt down the rebels. Their report said the LRA
has abducted 498 civilians between January and June of this year.
2016 Sep 16, In Central African
Republic by militia fighters killed 6 people and wounded several
more in attacks in the central Kaga Bandoro region, the fiefdom of
the Popular Front for the Renaissance of the Central African
Republic (FPRC), an ex-Seleka splinter group, led by Noureddine
(AFP, 9/18/16)(Reuters, 9/19/16)
2016 Oct 6, Aid agencies said
fighting between rival armed groups and a string of attacks on
humanitarians in northern Central African Republic has hindered the
delivery of aid to about 120,000 people in need of food.
2016 Oct 13, In the Central
African Republic fighters from the mostly Muslim Seleka rebel group
attacked the northern town of Kaga-Bandoro overnight killing at
least 13 civilians. Intíl. forces repelled that attackers killing
(SFC, 10/14/16, p.A2)
2016 Oct 24, In the Central
African Republic UN troops fired warning shots as angry protesters
marched through Bangui, demanding that "passive" UN peacekeepers be
sent home for failing to do their job. A coalition of civil society
groups had called for a one-day strike in the city of one million to
press demands for a pullout of the UN's 12,000-strong MINUSCA force.
2016 Oct 27, In the Central
African Republic clashes between elements of the anti-Balaka and
ex-Seleka caused 15 deaths and a number of wounded in Bambari.
(Reuters, 10/29/16)(SSFC, 10/30/16, p.A4)
2016 Oct 28, In the Central
African Republic clashes between militia groups killed six gendarmes
and four civilians.
2016 Oct 31, French Defence
Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian said that France would be ready to
intervene in Central African Republic if necessary, despite ending
its peacekeeping mission in its former colony.
2017 Mar 6, The European Union
approved plans for a military headquarters to coordinate overseas
security operations. The facility will initially run three
operations: civil-military training missions in Mali, the Central
African Republic and Somalia.
2017 Apr 19, The Ugandan army
said it has neutralised the Lord's Resistance Army, as troops began
withdrawing from the Central African Republic where they had been
hunting the group's feared leader Joseph Kony. The army said that
Kony now commands fewer than 100 fighters.
2017 May 2, Human Rights Watch
(HRW) said armed groups in Central African Republic have killed at
least 45 civilians in apparent reprisal strikes over the past three
2017 May 8, Attackers in
Central African Republic ambushed a convoy of UN peacekeepers from
Cambodia and Morocco, killing one Cambodian soldier and wounding 8
others. Eight fighters from the anti-Balaka rebel group were also
killed in the battle. Three Cambodian soldiers and a Moroccan
peacekeeper were reported missing and possibly kidnapped. The three
Cambodian soldiers were found dead the next day.
(AP, 5/9/17)(AP, 5/21/17)
2017 May 13, In Central African
Republic a Moroccan peacekeeper was killed in an attack by some 700
anti-Balaka rebels who targeted Bangassou's Muslim district of
Tokoyo and the nearby UN base.
2017 May 14, Militia fighters
from Central African Republic's (CAR) Christian minority attacked a
UN base overnight for the second consecutive night, after a week of
violence that has killed six peacekeepers at the southeastern
2017 May 15, In Central African
Republic hundreds of armed rebels agreed to withdraw from the city
of Bangassou which they attacked over the weekend, killing a
peacekeeper at a nearby UN base and displacing hundreds.
2017 May 15, US-based Human
Rights Watch said Ugandan soldiers sexually abused at least 13 girls
and women in the Central African Republic since 2015 while the
troops were helping to hunt for warlord Joseph Kony.
2017 May 17, In the Central
African Republic Red Cross workers said they recovered 115 bodies in
Bangassou, a diamond mining hub, after several days of fighting
2017 May 20, The CAR United
Nations mission said fighting this week between rival Christian and
Muslim militias in the town of Bria killed at least 22 people,
including 17 civilians, and forced some 10,000 others to flee.
2017 May 30, The UN said
surging violence in Central African Republic has killed hundreds and
forced some 88,000 people to flee their homes since the beginning of
the month. A new UN report identified hundreds of human rights
violations since 2003.
(AFP, 5/30/17)(SFC, 5/31/17, p.A5)
2017 Jun 21, In the Central
African Republic the mayor of Bria said as many as 100 people may
have been killed in a day of clashes between rival factions.
2017 Jun 23, In the Central
African Republic Joachim Ali, a Red Cross volunteer in the
diamond-mining town of Bangassou in the southeast of the country,
was killed while on duty at the organization's compound.
2017 Jun 30, In southeastern
Central African Republic a local journalist said at least 22 people
have been killed in three days of fighting in Zemio between rival
2017 Jul 6, In Central African
Republic more than 78 people were killed after a truck overturned in
an accident in the city of Bambari. The victims were mostly traders
who piled into the truck to go to the weekly market in Maloum.
2017 Jul 23, Christian militias
in Central African Republic killed a Moroccan peacekeeper as the
Moroccan contingent escorted water trucks filling up in a river in
order to meet the humanitarian needs of Bangassou. Recent incidents
prompted 14 humanitarian workers from six organizations to suspend
their activities in the town.
2017 Aug 3, In southeastern
Central African Republic six Red Cross volunteers were killed in an
attack on a health center.
2017 Sep 7, A study by wildlife
trade monitoring network Traffic said weak governance, corruption
and shifting trade dynamics are seriously undermining efforts to
control ivory trafficking throughout Cameroon, the Central African
Republic, Congo-Brazzaville, the Democratic Republic of the Congo
2017 Sep 8, Amnesty
International reported that civilians in a central province of the
strife-torn Central African Republic are enduring "a horrifying
surge in torture, pillage and forced displacement".