Timeline Central African Republic

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 Dinar: http://www.sas.upenn.edu/African_Studies/Country_Specific/CAR.html
 Fung:
http://www-sul.stanford.edu/depts/ssrg/africa/centralafr.html
 CIA Factbook:
http://www.odci.gov/cia/publications/factbook/ct.html

Polygamy is legal in the former French colony, one of the world's poorest countries, with men allowed to marry up to four wives.
    (Reuters, 12/03/05)

1921        Feb 22, Jean-Bedel Bokassa, dictator Central African Republic, was born.
    (MC, 2/22/02)

1959        CAR adopted a Constitution.
    (SFC, 5/22/96, p.A9)

1960        Aug 13, Central African Republic became independence from France and David Dacko was named 1st president.
    (MC, 8/13/02)(PC, 1992, p.973)(EWH, 1st ed., p.1173)

1964        The Customs and Economic Union of Central Africa, UDEAC from its name in French, was established by the Brazzaville Treaty. Members included Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Chad, the Republic of Congo, and Gabon.
    (AP, 9/29/13)

1965        Col. Jean-Bedel Bokassa, commander of the army and minister of defense, was picked by France to overthrow David Dacko when he began establishing close ties with China.
    (SFC, 11/4/96, p.A22)

1966        The Brazzaville Treaty became effective after it was ratified by the five member countries: Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Chad, the Republic of Congo, and Gabon.
    (http://tinyurl.com/3dglseb)
1966        Jean-Bedel Bokassa overthrew his cousin, David Dacko, in a bloodless coup that was said to be backed by the French. He abolished the 1959 constitution, dissolved the National Assembly and concentrated power in the presidency.
    (SFC, 5/22/96, p.A9)(SFC, 3/20/97, p.A24)

1972        Mar 2, Jean-Bťdel Bokassa appointed himself President for life of the Central African Republic.
    (www.etat.sciencespobordeaux.fr/_anglais/chronologie/centralafrican.html)

1976         The Development Bank of Central African States (BDEAC) was established and included six members of the Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa: Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Equatorial Guinea and Gabon.
    (AP, 9/23/09)

1977        Dec 4, Jean-Bedel Bokassa (1921-1996), ruler of the Central African Empire, crowned himself emperor in a ceremony duplicating the coronation of Napoleon. It was believed to have cost more than $100 ($25) million. Bokassa was deposed in 1979.
    (AP, 12/4/97)(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean-B%C3%A9del_Bokassa)

1979        Sep 20, In the Central African Republic Jean-Bedel Bokassa was toppled in a French-backed coup. 700 French paratroopers took control of Bangui while Bokassa was away on a state visit to Libya.
    (SFC, 5/22/96, p.A9)(SFC, 11/4/96, p.A22)(AP, 9/20/99)

1979        In the Central African Republic some 100 school children were slaughtered following a protest over expensive uniforms owned by one of the wives of Emp. Jean-Bedel Bokassa.
    (SFC, 10/11/03, p.A2)

1981        Mar, In the Central African Republic David Dacko (1930-2003) was re-elected president. He was overthrown in a bloodless coup in September.
    (SFC, 5/22/96, p.A9)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Dacko)

1981        Sep 1, In the Central African Republic army chief Andre Kolingba (d.2010 at 73) took over power in another coup that deposed independence leader David Dacko. Kolingba agreed to re-instate a multi-party system in 1991, but continued to rule until 1993.
    (SFC, 5/22/96, p.A9)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andr%C3%A9_Kolingba)(AFP, 2/8/10)

1986        In the Central African Republic women gained the right to vote.
    (Reuters, 12/03/05)   

1986        Jean-Bedel Bokassa returned to the Central African Republic from exile. In 1988 he was jailed for embezzlement and murder after a trial in which he was accused of cannibalism and infanticide.
    (SFC, 5/22/96, p.A9)(SFC, 10/11/03, p.A2)(AFP, 12/1/10)

1988        Former Central African Republic ruler Jean-Bedel Bokassa was sentenced to death for murder and embezzlement. His sentence was commuted to life imprisonment.
    (AFP, 12/1/10)

1993        Oct, In the CAR's first democratic elections (organized with French help) Andre Kolingba was voted out of office and Ange-Felix Patasse won the presidency. Patasse was a member of the northern Bayas.
    (SFC, 5/22/96, p.A9)(SFC, 12/9/96, p.A22)(WSJ, 1/10/97, p.A10)

1993        Former Central African Republic ruler Jean-Bedel Bokassa was released from prison by President Andre Kolingba, who had overthrown David Dacko. Bokassa ended his days as a recluse in his villa in Bangui and died of a heart attack in 1996.
    (AFP, 12/1/10)

1996        Apr, A dispute over pay caused some 400 CAR soldiers to mutiny and rampage over the capital city of Bangui.
    (SFC, 5/5/96, p.T-8)

1996        May 19, French troops moved into Bangui of the CAR to help quell an army uprising and protect French citizens. Rebel troops called for the resignation of pres. Patasse.
    (SFC, 5/20/96, p.A-9)(SFC, 5/23/96, p. C2)
   
1996        May 20, In the CAR 2 French soldiers were shot and wounded as they assisted French citizens to evacuate. It was the second uprising by the army in two months and seven people have been killed since fighting started.
    (SFC, 5/21/96, p.A-11)

1996        Jun 5, Rivals signed an accord to form a CAR unity government.
    (WSJ, 6/6/96, p.A1)   

1996        Nov 3, Jean-Bedel Bokassa (75), former self-proclaimed emperor (1967-1979) of the Central African Republic, died. He was called "the Ogre of Berengo."
    (SFC, 11/4/96, p.A22)(MC, 11/3/01)(SSFC, 5/4/03, p.M2)

1996        Dec 1, Army factions in Bangui, CAR, began fighting. Rebel troops of the Yakoma tribe seized key points.
    (SFC, 12/2/96, p.A12)

1996        Dec 8, The CAR government and army mutineers agreed to a 15-day truce. The rebel ranks were dominated by the southern Bayas.
    (SFC, 12/9/96, p.A22)

1997        Jan 5, In the CAR district of Petevo, French troops killed 10 CAR army mutineers, after 2 French soldiers were killed on a mediation mission.
    (SFC, 1/6/97, p.A9)

1997        Jul 10, CAR Pres. Patasse reconciled with 300 mutinous soldiers.
    (WSJ, 7/11/97, p.A1)

1999        Ange-Felix Patasse was re-elected president of the CAR.
    (Econ, 5/26/07, p.52)

2000        Feb 10, The UN Security Council officially ended the peacekeeping mission and established a CAR support office to help consolidate peace.
    (SFC, 2/11/00, p.D2)

2001        May 28, In the Central African Republic at least 12 people were killed in a failed coup attempt against Pres. Ange-Felix Patasse. 80 people in 2002 went on trial for the attempted coup.
    (SFC, 5/29/01, p.A12)(SFC, 2/15/02, p.A10)

2001        May 30, Libya flew troops and weapons to the Central African Republic to help Pres. Patasse to put down a coup attempt.
    (WSJ, 5/31/01, p.A1)

2001        May 31, Security forces in Bangui, CAR, went house to house in a search for coup conspirators. Patasse blamed the opposition leader, a member of the Yacoma ethnic group, for the coup attempt. One young Yacoma man was seen shot dead in the street by soldiers.
    (SFC, 6/1/01, p.D3)

2001        Jun 4, Fighting continued in Bangui, CAR, with artillery fire exchanged.
    (WSJ, 6/5/01, p.A1)

2001        Jun 6, Fighting continued in Bangui, CAR, and some 50,000 civilians had fled to the forests. Food was scarce and disease outbreaks were feared.
    (SFC, 6/7/01, p.C2)

2001        Jul 5, Jean-Pierre Lhomme, a UN security chief, was shot and killed in Bangui, CAR, as he aided a fellow worker.
    (SFC, 7/7/01, p.B1)

2001        Aug 26, It was reported that the 62 children of Jean-Bedel Bokassa, the late emperor (1966-1979) of CAR, sought to turn Bokassaís empty palace into a tourist attraction.
    (SFC, 8/27/01, p.A6)

2001        Nov 3, CAR presidential guard units fought soldiers loyal to the former army chief of staff a day after government forces tried to arrest the ousted general.
    (WSJ, 11/5/01, p.A1)

2001        Nov 5, In the Central African Republic troops loyal to Gen. Francois Bozize fired mortar shells at Pres. Patasseís residence in Bangui and engaged government soldiers for a 3rd day of fighting.
    (SFC, 11/6/01, p.A14)

2001         Central African Republicís General Kolingba fled into exile in Uganda following the failed May 28 attempt to overthrow Patasse. Kolingba was sentenced to death and stripped of military rank in his absence, but was amnestied in 2003 after General Francois Bozize seized power from Patasse.
    (AP, 2/8/10)

2001        In the Central African Republic Martin Ziguele began serving as prime minister and continued to 2003.
    (AFP, 9/25/10)

2002        Jul 4, In Bangui, CAR, a Boeing 707 cargo plane crashed in a sparsely populated residential area in this central African capital, killing at least 20 people.
    (AP, 7/4/02)(SFC, 7/5/02, p.A14)

2002        Aug 26, In Bangui, Central African Republic, former military ruler Gen. Andre Kolingba was convicted in absentia of taking part in a failed 2001 coup and was sentenced to death.
    (AP, 8/26/02)

2002        Oct 24, In Bangui, Central African Republic, rebels loyal to the deposed army chief of staff fought members of the presidential guard and Libyan troops for control of the airport.
    (AP, 10/26/02)

2002        Oct 31, The Central African Republic claimed to have put down a coup attempt by rebels backing General Francois Bozize, an ousted army chief of staff.
    (AP, 11/1/02)(Econ, 5/26/07, p.52)

2002        Nov 11, In the CAR a baggage-laden roof of an overloaded river taxi near Kouango collapsed on passengers, crushing 58 people.
    (AP, 11/23/02)

2002        Dec 28, Libyan soldiers ended a yearlong deployment to protect the Central African Republic government against a string of coup attempts. They were to be replaced by troops from Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Cameroon, Gabon and Mali.
    (AP, 12/31/02)

2003        Mar 20, In the Central African Republic Gen. Francois Bozizea asked his fighters to hand over their weapons to troops from neighboring Chad, prompting the insurgents to accuse their leader of betraying them.
    (AP, 3/21/03)

2003        Mar 23, In the CAR Gen. Francois Bozize said Abel Goumba (76), a veteran opposition leader, will oversee daily operations in the government.
    (AP, 3/23/03)

2003        Mar, In the CAR Gen. Francois Bozize took power in a 2nd coup following 5 months of conflict during which Pres. Patasse had enlisted support of rebel troops from the Congo, led by Jean-Pierre Bemba, along with mercenaries from Chad and Libya. Sexual violence during this period was particularly brutal.
    (Econ, 5/26/07, p.52)

2003        Jun 27, The Central African Republic's former PM fled after being granted asylum in France, ending five months holed up in the French Embassy after a coup here.
    (AP, 6/27/03)

2003        Oct 10, A Central African Republic national forum recommended posthumous forgiveness for despot Jean-Bedel Bokassa (d.1996), whose 13-year rule (1966-1979) ruined the country. The vote followed an apology by Bokassa's son Jean-Serge (31). About 60 legitimate children of Bokassa had mandated one of their number, Jean-Serge Bokassa, to sit as a delegate in a reconciliation forum called the "National Dialogue." There, he asked "forgiveness for the wrong" done by his father and called for his rehabilitation because he had helped to build the country.
    (SFC, 10/11/03, p.A2)(AFP, 12/3/10)

2003        Nov 20, David Dacko (76), the first president of Central African Republic as an independent nation (1960-1966, 1979-1981), died.
    (AP, 11/21/03)

2004        Mar 1, Jean-Bertrand Aristide from the Central African Republic said in a telephone interview that he was "forced to leave" Haiti by U.S. military forces.
    (AP, 3/1/04)(SFC, 2/02/04, p.A1)

2004        Jul 12, Newspapers in Senegal and the Central African Republic suspended publication to protest the jailings of leading journalists.
    (AP, 7/12/04)

2004        Jul 15, The Gates Foundation announced a $44.7 million award at the AIDS Conference in Bangkok to a consortium of TB and AIDS researchers. The 2 diseases were often linked. A UN report cited 7 countries as the hardest hit by the AIDS pandemic: Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Lesotho, Zambia, Malawi, the Central African Republic and Mozambique.
    (WSJ, 7/15/04, p.B1)(SFC, 7/16/04, p.A6)

2004        Jul 25, Central African Republic President Francois Bozize wrapped up a two-day visit to Sudan with a pledge to help his Sudanese counterpart Omar al-Beshir resolve the crisis in the western Darfur region.
    (AFP, 7/25/04)

2004        Dec 27, The Central Africa Republic (CAR) established a new Constitution.
    (AP, 3/26/13)

2005        Mar 4, Tribes from western Sudan and the neighboring Central African Republic signed a peace charter in a bid to end cross-border clashes.
    (AFP, 3/4/05)

2005        Mar 14, Voters in Central African Republic cast ballots for president in the first poll since rebels seized the capital two years ago. Gen. Francois Bozize, the former army officer-turned-insurgent who now presides over the country, was considered the front-runner in a field of 11.
    (AP, 3/14/05)

2005        May 8, In Central African Republic a coup leader who seized power in a rebel war two years ago sought the presidency in a runoff election against a man representing the former ruling party he ousted. The military strongman Francois Bozize faces former PM Martin Ziguele in a poll that many hope will bring an end to an era of army coups and revolts.
    (AP, 5/7/05)

2005        May 24, In the Central African Republic military strongman Francois Bozize won the May 8 runoff presidential runoff election, a move toward legitimizing his rule two years after he seized power.
    (AP, 5/24/05)

2005        Aug 6, In Central African Republic an overloaded boat carrying hundreds of people has sunk on a river, and at least 13 people were reported dead and dozens more missing.
    (AP, 8/9/05)

2005        Dec 3, It was reported that the Central African Republic has ordered radio and television stations to stop broadcasting songs which encourage men to dump their wives, saying such music is a hindrance to the country's development.
    (Reuters, 12/03/05)

2006        Mar 11, Authorities in Central African Republic accused exiled former President Ange-Felix Patasse of forming a rebel movement and recruiting fighters to overthrow the government.
    (AP, 3/13/06)

2006        Apr 14, The Central African Republic said it has asked the International Criminal Court to investigate crimes against humanity allegedly committed by its former president and a Congolese vice president. Government spokesman Celestin Gamou said CAR suspects ex-President Ange-Felix Patasse and Congo Vice President Jean-Pierre Bemba of ordering or committing murder and rape against civilians, as well as of embezzling funds and destroying public and private property.
    (AP, 4/14/06)

2006        Jun 26, An attack on an army camp in the Central African Republic (CAR) resulted in 33 deaths. The provisional toll included 11 CAR soldiers, two Chadian soldiers from the multinational force FOMUC and 20 attackers.
    (AFP, 6/27/06)

2006        Oct 27, The UN said it is sending a mission to Chad and the Central African Republic to look at operations to curb the escalating violence and help protect hundreds of thousands of civilians.
    (AP, 10/28/06)

2006        Nov 3, In Chad rebels intent on toppling Pres. Francois Bozize took the town of Birao. They appeared to be operating out of the Darfur region of Sudan.
    (Econ, 11/11/06, p.54)

2006        Nov 4, The Central African Republic's parliament called on the international community and France in particular to aid it against rebels who have seized a northern town. A rebel alliance, the Union of Democratic Forces for the Rally (UFDR) said it had seized the northeastern town of Birao on Oct 30.
    (AFP, 11/4/06)

2006        Nov 10, In the Central African Republic the rebel Union of Democratic Forces for the Rally (UDFR) seized the town of Ouadda Djalle on after heavy fighting with government troops who were forced to retreat.
    (AP, 11/10/06)

2006        Nov 13, France said it will aid the Central African Republic's army with logistics and aerial reconnaissance in its fight against rebels in the northeast of the country.
    (AFP, 11/13/06)

2006        Nov 18, Gabonese President Omar Bongo said in a statement that the Central African Economic and Monetary Community (CEMAC) had "acceded to a request from the Central African Republic authorities to intervene in securing conflict zones." CEMAC's members include the Central African Republic, Chad, Gabon, Congo, Cameroon and Equatorial Guinea.
    (AFP, 11/18/06)

2006        Nov 23, A military official said France has bolstered its presence in the Central African Republic with 100 more troops following rebel attacks and growing concern over the neighboring Darfur region of Sudan.
    (AP, 11/23/06)

2006        Nov 22, Police in the west African state of Benin arrested two rebel leaders from the Central African Republic (CAR), whose forces are waging a violent offensive in their home country. The leader of the rebel Union of Democratic Forces for Unity, Michel Am Non Droko Djotodia, and his spokesman Abakar Sabone, were apprehended in Benin's capital, Cotonou, under an international arrest warrant. In 2008 President Boni Yayi asked for and obtained the lifting of the international arrest warrant" for the two rebel leaders.
    (AP, 11/25/06)(AFP, 2/19/08)

2006        Nov 28, Government soldiers in the Central African Republic were on the offensive, with French military support, to seize back towns captured by rebels who have steadily advanced from border territory.
    (AP, 11/28/06)

2006        Nov 30, Central African Republic government soldiers regained control of Ouadda, the second town taken back from rebels, and pursued a counter-offensive northwards.
    (AFP, 12/1/06)

2006        Dec 2, Government troops in the Central African Republic said they have recaptured the town of Sam Ouandja on the sixth day of a counter-offensive supported by French troops, leaving rebels with only one major northeastern town, Ouadda Djalle.
    (AFP, 12/2/06)

2006        Dec 8, Government forces in the Central African Republic, bolstered by French and African support, recaptured the northeastern town of Sam Ouandja from rebels without incident.
    (AFP, 12/9/06)

2006        Dec 15, In Kenya 11 African heads of state attending the 2nd International Conference on the Great Lakes Region signed a landmark $2 billion (1.5-billion-euro) security and development pact to forestall fresh violence in the area.
    (AFP, 12/15/06)

2006        Dec 27, Central African President Francois Bozize ordered the army to set fire to the homes of two leaders of a dissident Baptist church, after they did the same to a pastor's house, to teach them a lesson.
    (AFP, 12/28/06)

2007        Jan 5, Chinese Foreign Minister Li Zhaoxing met with Pres. Bozize of the Central African Republic. Zhaoxing was set to sign a series of accords as part of seven-nation tour highlighting China's increasing interest in the African continent.
    (AFP, 1/5/07)

2007        Jan 15, More than 100 rebels attacked a northwestern town in the Central African Republic, sparking the first fighting with government troops in more than a month.
    (AP, 1/15/07)

2007        Feb 2, Abdoulaye Miskine, the head of one of the Central African Republic's main rebel groups, inked in Libya a peace deal described as "historic" by the government. Under the deal, which CAR's other main rebel factions are expected to sign up to, there will be an immediate ceasefire and Miskine's rebels will be integrated into civilian life or absorbed into the army. Rebel prisoners are to be freed.
    (AFP, 2/3/07)

2007        Feb 13, Police and troops in Bangui, CAR, used live ammunition to disperse residents angered at the killing of two of their number by officers of the anti-banditry squad.
    (AP, 2/14/07)

2007        Feb 15, A summit of African leaders opened in Cannes on the French Riviera. The crisis in Darfur and violence in Guinea overshadowed the summit, as well as perennial issues of poverty, development and AIDS. France won agreement from three involved African nations (Sudan, Chad and Central African Republic) that they would not support armed rebel movements on each other's territories.
    (AP, 2/15/07)(AP, 2/15/07)

2007        Feb 23, Uganda's army said that 400 rebel Lord's Resistance Army fighters and their leaders have moved into the Central African Republic, dashing hopes of a renewal of stalled peace talks.
    (AP, 2/23/07)

2007        Mar 3, CAR rebel and government military sources said rebels in the Central African Republic have attacked the northeastern town of Birao, which they had occupied for a month in November.
    (AFP, 3/3/07)

2007        Mar 4, In the Central African Republic French fighter jets destroyed several rebel vehicles in retaliation for an attack on French troops.
    (AP, 3/4/07)

2007        Mar 6, Central African Republic forces (FACA) peacefully took back control of the airfield at Birao that they had abandoned following rebel attacks at the weekend.
    (AFP, 3/6/07)

2007        Apr 4, The United Nations children's agency called for urgent action to tackle a "humanitarian disaster" in the Central African Republic (CAR), affected by conflict for the past ten years.
    (AP, 4/4/07)

2007        Apr 13, A leading rebel in the Central African Republic said he would be signing a peace deal with President Francois Bozize in the northeastern town of Birao.
    (AP, 4/13/07)

2007        Apr 26, Six central African countries (Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, Chad, Central African Republic, Cameroon and Congo) plan to launch a common passport in July, permitting the free movement of goods and people across their borders.
    (AFP, 4/26/07)

2007        May 14, In the Central African Republic the president's office said several former armed rebels have surrendered to the authorities over the past few days in the troubled north.
    (AP, 5/14/07)

2007        May 18, UN officials said rebel leaders in the Central African Republic have agreed to begin sending several hundred child soldiers home to their families.
    (AP, 5/18/07)

2007        May 19, Two local health workers were kidnapped for ransom in the Central African Republic (CAR), prompting UN concerns that worsening security was hampering aid work there.
    (AFP, 5/23/07)

2007        May 22, The International Criminal Court prosecutor announced a war crimes investigation into hundreds of rapes and other violations in the Central African Republic in 2002 and 2003. The UN condemned the capture of two aid workers in the north-west of the CAR, saying the worsening security was hampering its humanitarian work in the country.
    (AP, 5/22/07)

2007        May 30, In the northwest corner of Central African Republic soldiers set fire to hundreds of houses in retaliation for the killing of a local official by unidentified gunmen. The UN Children's Fund (UNICEF) estimates that about 420 children die each week, and that escalating conflict between the CAR government and rebel groups has forced some 212,000 people to flee their homes in recent years.
    (AFP, 6/4/07)

2007        Jun 1, The UN refugee agency said hundreds of women and children fled by foot and on donkeys from Darfur to the neighboring Central African Republic after their town was attacked by planes and helicopters. The refugees said their town of Dafak, in southern Darfur, was attacked repeatedly by janjaweed militia from May 12 to May 18 and that their homes had been bombarded by airstrikes.
    (AP, 6/1/07)

2007        Jun 6, The CAR government freed 17 people who had been arrested for rebel activities, following the terms of a peace accord that aims to return the restive nation to stability after more than a year of sporadic insurgency.
    (AP, 6/6/07)

2007        Jun 11, In the Central African Republic a French aid worker for Doctors Without Borders was shot and killed while traveling to a town grappling with poor health conditions.
    (AP, 6/11/07)

2007        Jun 17, CAR state radio said former rebels in the Central African Republic have signed a pact with the UN children's agency for the demobilization of hundreds of child soldiers.
    (AP, 6/17/07)

2007        Jul 23, The European Union took the first step towards sending forces to Chad and the Central African Republican to help the United Nations protect refugees trapped in the violent region bordering Darfur.
    (AP, 7/23/07)

2007        Sep 14, Human Rights Watch said that soldiers in the Central African Republic (CAR) have massacred hundreds of people and burned villages, forcing civilians to flee, during a counter-insurgency campaign. The watchdog group blamed President Francois Bozize's elite guard for atrocities carried out since mid-2005, but said other military units, their rebel foes and bandit groups were also guilty.
    (AFP, 9/14/07)

2007        Sep 19, President Francois Bozize of the Central African Republic (CAR) dubbed as "grotesque" allegations from Human Rights Watch that his army was guilty of various abuses against civilians in the country.
    (AP, 9/19/07)

2007        Sep 25, The UN Security Council unanimously passed a French resolution endorsing sending a European Union-UN force to Chad and the Central African Republic to protect civilians reeling from a spillover of the Darfur conflict.
    (AP, 9/25/07)

2007        Oct 15, European Union foreign ministers gave their final approval to deploy a 3,000-strong EU peacekeeping force for one year to help refugees and displaced people living along Darfur's borders with Chad and the Central African Republic.
    (AP, 10/15/07)

2008        Jan 11, Belgium, France and Poland pledged to provide the resources needed to launch a European Union peacekeeping force for Chad and the Central African Republic.
    (AP, 1/11/08)

2008        Jan 18, Central African Republic PM Elie Dote tendered his resignation and that of his government. His resignation came amid a social crisis gripping the country, marked by government disruptions and near-paralysis in public schools due to a civil servant strike over salaries launched earlier this month.
    (AFP, 1/18/08)

2008        Jan 26, According to the Intíl. Crisis Group, a Brussels-based lobby, the CAR has dropped below the level even of a failed state.
    (Econ, 1/26/08, p.46)

2008        Jan 28, The EU launched its long-awaited peacekeeping force for Chad and the Central African Republic to help protect hundreds of thousands of refugees from strife-torn Darfur.
    (AFP, 1/28/08)

2008        Jan, The population of Central African Republic was about 4 million. Bandits known as Zaraguina, mostly from Chad, were reported to be looting, kidnapping and demanding thousands of dollars in ransom for local cattle herders from the Peuhl tribe.
    (Econ, 1/26/08, p.47)

2008        Feb 26, The mayor of Koui, a town in northwest Central African Republic (CAR), was abducted along with four other people. 3 captives including the mayor were later killed. 2 captives were released by ransom.
    (AFP, 3/14/08)

2008        Mar 5, In Central African Republic rebels killed five government soldiers and lost one of their own men in 2 days of clashes near the country's northwestern border with Chad.
    (Reuters, 3/7/08)

2008        Mar 15, Qatar-based investment company IAS International said it was undertaking a series of development projects in Central African Republic worth 1.6 billion dollars.
    (AP, 3/15/08)

2008        Mar 17, An EU force of 3,700 troops still deploying in Chad and the Central African Republic (CAR) announced the official start of its year-long mission to protect refugees and displaced people. The EU force in Chad was known as EUFOR, and the UN Mission there and the CAR was called MINURCAT.
    (AFP, 3/17/08)(Econ, 5/31/08, p.52)

2008        Mar 19, Uganda said that Lord's Resistance Army rebel leader Joseph Kony has left his base in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and moved to the Central African Republic.
    (AP, 3/19/08)

2008        Mar 28, Jean-Jacques Demafouth, an exiled former defense minister in the Central African Republic, said that he had been elected head of the main rebel group and would lead it into peace talks. The UN said rebel fighters attacked CAR villages between Feb 9 and Mar 10 raping women and taking 150 hostages, including 55 children.
    (AFP, 3/28/08)

2008        May 9, The government of Central African Republic (CAR), plagued by unrest since 2005, and the country's main rebel group signed a ceasefire and peace accord to take effect immediately.
    (AFP, 5/9/08)

2008        May 24, Belgian police in Brussels arrested Jean-Pierre Bemba (45), a Congolese warlord and ex-presidential candidate, after he was secretly charged with rape and torture. Bemba was accused of war crimes and crimes against humanity as head of a militia that allegedly committed atrocities in Central African Republic's conflict in 2002-2003.
    (AP, 5/25/08)

2008        Aug 16, Authorities in the Central African Republic gave the green light for a leading rebel group headed by a former defense minister to form a political party. Both the rebel group and the new NAP party are headed by former defense minister Jean-Jacques Demafouth, currently in exile in France.
    (AFP, 8/16/08)

2008        Sep 11, A Paris court convicted Didier Bourguet, a former UN employee, for the rape of young Africans during his postings in Central African Republic and Congo. Bourguet was sentenced to nine years in prison for having committed about 20 rapes of teenage girls between 1998 and 2004 during his postings as a mechanic for the UN.
    (AP, 9/11/08)

2008        Sep 29, The parliament of the Central African Republic (CAR) adopted an amnesty law aimed at laying the foundations for a process of "inclusive political dialogue" between the government and rebels.
    (AFP, 9/30/08)

2008        Nov 11, At least 13 soldiers were killed in an ambush by rebels at Kabo, near the Central African Republic's border with Chad, 400 kilometers (250 miles) north of Bangui.
    (AFP, 11/12/08)

2008        Dec 7, Former Central African Republic president Ange-Felix Patasse arrived in Bangui after 5 years in exile in Togo to participate in long-delayed peace talks in the troubled country.
    (AFP, 12/8/08)

2008        Dec 20, Central African Republic peace talks wrapped up with rebels and government officials expressing hope that the meeting had paved the way for lasting solutions to the country's unrest.
    (AP, 12/20/08)

2009        Jan 12, War crimes prosecutors in The Hague accused former Congolese vice president Jean-Pierre Bemba of using systematic rape to terrorize civilians suspected of supporting rebels during a bloody power struggle in neighboring Central African Republic.
    (AP, 1/12/09)

2009        Jan 14, The UN Security Council authorized 5,200 UN peacekeepers to replace a 3,300-strong EU force in Chad and Central African Republic, which have been seriously affected by fighting in neighboring Sudan's Darfur region.
    (AP, 1/14/09)

2009        Jan 18, Central African Republic President Francois Bozize dissolved the government, after pledging to form a unity government at recent peace talks.
    (AFP, 1/18/09)

2009        Jan 19, CAR President Francois Bozize reappointed Faustin-Archange Touadera as prime minister of Central African Republic, just a day after the president dissolved the government.
    (AP, 1/19/09)

2009        Jan 20, The Central African Republic's main opposition grouping said it refused to join PM Faustin-Archange Touadera's government because he failed to play by allegedly established rules.
    (AFP, 1/20/09)

2009        Jan 30, In Libreville, Gabon, leaders of the six Central African states (Cameroon, Chad, Gabon, CAR, Congo, Equatorial Guinea), began meeting to discuss closer economic ties, including the creation of a new regional airline. The Economic and Monetary Union of Central Africa, known as CEMAC, planned discussions on such issues as monetary reform and the free movement of citizens.
    (AFP, 1/30/09)

2009        Feb 14, Over 6,000 people have fled the Ndele region of the Central African Republic for a Chadian border village after violence erupted between two ethnic groups, the Runga and the Gulus.
    (AFP, 2/14/09)

2009        Mar 15, In Abeche, Chad, UN forces took over command from EU peacekeepers to protect refugees and displaced people in Chad and the Central African Republic.
    (AFP, 3/15/09)

2009        Apr 12, In the Central African Republic at least 22 people died as cattle farmers and traders clashed over stolen oxen with guns, blades and arrows. Fighting was sparked by a dispute over 170 oxen stolen by bandits 10 days earlier but later retrieved.
    (AFP, 4/12/09)(AFP, 4/14/09)

2009        Apr 14, In northwest Central African Republic Soule Garga, a top representative of cattle breeders, was been killed by rebels, just days after a poaching bloodbath left 22 people dead.
    (AFP, 4/15/09)

2009        Apr 17, President Francois Bozize of the Central African Republic accused some officials in his Kwa na Kwa Convergence party of racketeering to obtain funds and pledged a personal crackdown.
    (AFP, 4/17/09)

2009        Jun 6, In Central African Republic at least two people were killed and several wounded in an attack on a military base. Residents later said ethnic clashes left at least 27 people dead at a Birao military base, where former rebels were set to demobilize under a peace accord.
    (AFP, 6/7/09)(AFP, 6/11/09)

2009        Jun 11, The ICRC said armed men have killed a local employee of the International Committee of the Red Cross at Birao in the north of the Central African Republic.
    (AFP, 6/11/09)

2009        Jun 12, In the Central African Republic 15 rebels of the Convention of Patriots for Justice and Peace (CPJP) and 3 soldiers were killed in fighting in the northwest of the country.
    (AFP, 6/17/09)

2009        Jun 21, In northeastern Central African Republic 10 people were killed in an attack on the town of Birao. A UFDR spokesman said armed men attacked a base of the former rebels of the Union of Democratic Forces for the Rally, two weeks after a similar attack. They were described as "thieves" from the Kara tribe, an ethnic minority within the UFDR, whose members oppose the leadership of Zakaria Damane, head of the movement.
    (AFP, 6/22/09)

2009        Jun, In the Central African Republic former prime minister Martin Ziguele was invested as the MLPC's presidential candidate for elections that were initially due in April 2010.
    (AFP, 9/25/10)

2009        Aug 1, Humanitarian groups said members of the Lord's Resistance Army, a Ugandan rebel group, have launched attacks against towns in the Central African Republic that have left at least 10 people dead in the last two weeks. The attacks by the LRA, launched from its rear bases in the Democratic Republic of Congo, have also forced hundreds of people to flee their villages.
    (AFP, 8/2/09)

2009        Aug 17, The Central African Republicís Communications Minister Cyriaque Gonda said on state radio that the government has set a three-year timetable to disarm, demobilize and reintegrate former rebels.
    (AFP, 8/17/09)

2009        Sep 8, Ugandaís defense spokesman, Lieutenant Colonel Felix Kulayigye, said Ugandan troops have crossed into the neighboring Central African Republic (CAR) in pursuit of Lord's Resistance Army rebels with Bangui's blessing.
    (AFP, 9/8/09)

2009        Sep 9, A Uganda army spokesman said government forces have rescued 100 kidnapped children and young adults during an operation against the Lordís Resistance Army rebel group in neighboring Central African Republic.
    (AP, 9/9/09)

2009        Sep 12, Ugandaís army killed five rebels in the CAR, including Arit Santos, a commander of the LRA insurgent group. Soldiers also seized 24 sub-machineguns, several rounds of ammunition, medicine and laptop computers in the operation.
    (AFP, 9/14/09)

2009        Sep 24, In the Central African Republic 2 local employees of the Italian Coopi NGO were killed when Lord's Resistance Army rebels attacked their vehicle.
    (AFP, 9/25/09)

2009        Oct 22, The Red Cross said more than 4,500 people have fled attacks by the Ugandan rebel group Lord's Resistance Army in the Central African Republic.
    (AFP, 10/22/09)

2009        Oct 30, Ange-Felix Patasse, the former president of the Central African Republic (1999-2003), returned home after more than six years in exile. He planned to stand in the 2010 presidential elections.
    (AFP, 10/30/09)

2009        Nov 17, Ugandan forces shot and killed Okello Okutti, a senior commander of the rebel Lord's Resistance Army (LRA), during a clash in Obo, near the Central African Republic's eastern border with Sudan.
    (AFP, 11/19/09)

2009        Nov 22, In the northeast of Central African Republic 2 French aid workers in Birao were kidnapped by a gang of armed men, close to the border with Sudan. Olivier Denis and Olivier Frappe wee freed on March 14, 2010, in Darfur.
    (AFP, 11/24/09)(AFP, 3/14/10)

2009        Nov 26, In the Central African Republic the rebel Convention of Patriots for Justice and Peace (CPJP) claimed they had taken control of the key north central town of Ndele after an attack. The rebels said three of their men had been killed, four were wounded, and that about a dozen soldiers were killed. The CPJP is led by Charles Massi, who was a prime minister under Ange-Felix Patasse, the president toppled in a bloodless coup by Bozize in 2003.
    (AFP, 11/26/09)

2009        Nov 27, The army in the Central African Republic retook control of the key north central town of Ndele from rebels.
    (AFP, 11/28/09)

2009        Dec 7, Government forces in the Central African Republic attacked rebel positions near the border with Chad to prevent them from storming a key northern town. Several fighters from the rebel Convention of Patriots for Justice and Peace (CPJP) were reported killed as well as 2 government soldiers.
    (AFP, 12/9/09)

2010        Jan 1, Ugandan troops killed Bok Abudema, a leader of the Lord's Resistance Army, effectively the number two of the brutal militia, in the Central African Republic.
    (AFP, 1/2/10)

2010        Jan 8, Charles Massi (57) a former minister and head of the rebel Convention of Patriots for Justice and Peace (CPJP), died following the torture he was subjected to. The Central African Ministry of Defense formally denied killing Massi in a statement on 21 January and said that the government did not know where he was.
    (AFP, 1/16/10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Massi)

2010        Jan 9, In the Central African Republic the wife of Charles Massi (57), head of the only rebel group in the CAR still fighting the government, said that he has been captured and is in a critical condition in jail. The former prime minister lead the rebel Convention of Patriots for Justice and Peace (CPJP). On Jan 16 Denise Massi and his party said in a statement that Massi has been dead since Jan 8 after being subjected to torture.
    (AFP, 1/9/10)(AFP, 1/16/10)

2010        Jan 15, Opposition parties in the Central African Republic announced that they were quitting the electoral process and demanded the resignation of the head of the Independent Electoral Commission. The walkout involved 15 of the 30 members of the commission, which was set up in August to organize and supervise elections at dates yet to be announced.
    (AFP, 1/15/10)

2010        Feb 7, Andre Kolingba (73), former Central African Republic general and coup leader (1981-1993), died in Paris.
    (SFC, 5/22/96, p.A9)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andr%C3%A9_Kolingba)(AFP, 2/8/10)

2010        Feb 19, In the Central African Republic rebels of Ugandaís Lord's Resistance Army (LRA)  kidnapped at least 40 people and wounded a soldier during an attack in the southwest.
    (AFP, 2/22/10)

2010        Feb 28, In the Central African Republic Uganda's rebel Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) kidnapped at least 23 people from the southeastern village of Yalinga after pillaging the police station, the hospital and a safari shop.
    (AFP, 3/3/10)

2010        Mar 21, In the eastern Central African Republic Ugandan Lord's Resistance Army rebels killed at least 10 civilians in the village of Agoumar, including a woman burnt alive. One LRA rebel was killed by the villagers.
    (Reuters, 3/22/10)(AFP, 3/30/10)

2010        Mar 28, In Central Africa LRA elements were chased by the Ugandan army, which killed at least 15 rebels in the village of Dembia. More than 40 people were abducted from the three villages including in Bangassou, where about 400 people had taken refuge from the fighting.
    (AFP, 3/30/10)

2010        Apr 2, In northeastern Central African Republic troops killed 10 rebels in a clash in the region of Ndele. Teachers there were protesting the murder of a pregnant teacher killed on March 30 by members of the Convention of Patriots for Justice and Peace (CPJP), which was behind the attack on the march. The Association of Residents of Upper Mbomou (Assoredehmbo), grouping people in three eastern CAR districts, said that the number of local people kidnapped by the LRA was more than 400, while the number killed in rebel attacks was more than 200 since February 2008. In an open letter to PM Faustin-Archange Touadera the group recommended the forming of self-defense militias and urged the government to set up an army base.
    (AFP, 4/2/10)(AFP, 4/5/10)

2010        Apr 16, Officials in the Central African Republic said armed attackers have shot dead a soldier escorting electoral commission staff.
    (AFP, 4/17/10)

2010        Apr 29, The president of the Central African Republic scrapped plans to hold polls May 16 after the elections commission told him it would be unable to organize them in time.
    (AFP, 4/29/10)

2010        May 5, In the east of the Central African Republic 2 people were killed and two wounded in an attack on an aid vehicle blamed on Uganda's rebel Lord's Resistance Army (LRA).
    (AFP, 5/8/10)

2010        May 10, The Central African Republic's parliament voted to extend President Francois Bozizeís mandate until presidential and legislative elections can be held.
    (AFP, 5/10/10)

2010        May 14, In eastern Central African Republic villagers at Guerekindo killed two Ugandan rebels of the Lord's Resistance Army in a self-defense initiative.
    (AFP, 5/17/10)

2010        May 25, Chad's government succeeded in forcing a 3,300-strong UN peacekeeping force operating in Chad and the Central African Republic to pull out by the end of this year.  The UN Food and Agriculture Organization warned that a dramatic shortfall in donations for Chad's agriculture relief puts 2 million people at risk of hunger.
    (AP, 5/25/10)

2010        Jun 15, A Uganda army spokesman said at least 10 Ugandan soldiers were killed last month while pursuing Lord's Resistance Army rebels in the Central African Republic (CAR). Lt. Colonel Felix Kulayigye said an unknown Sudanese militia, not the LRA, was the likely culprit.
    (AFP, 6/15/10)

2010        Jul 4, In the Central African Republic Ugandan LRA rebels killed four people and took six hostages in an attack on the village of Mandabazouma.
    (AFP, 7/8/10)

2010        Jul 5, The Central African Republic said it has called on the United States for military support to help "neutralize" LRA rebels terrorizing the country.
    (AFP, 7/5/10)

2010        Jul 19, The army in the Central African Republic claimed control of the northern town of Birao, following an attack by rebels on its military base there. At least 3 people were killed.
    (AFP, 7/19/10)(AFP, 7/20/10)

2010        Aug 11, In the Central African Republic the local Red Cross said floods have killed three people and left more than a thousand homeless in the country's north.
    (AFP, 8/11/10)

2010        Sep 6, In the Central African Republic rebels of the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) began a 2-day attack the town of Ouandda Djalle. 16 people were killed including two civilians, and 5 rebels.
    (AFP, 9/9/10)

2010        Sep 11, In Sudan a rare three-day meeting of 30 religious and community leaders as well as local government officials from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), south Sudan, the Central African Republic (CAR) and Uganda criticized the "lack of a coordinated and comprehensive strategy" to tackle the LRA rebels.
    (AFP, 9/11/10)

2010        Sep 24, The Central African Republic's government in a broadcast statement accused main opposition leader and former prime minister Martin Ziguele of heading a rebel movement.
    (AFP, 9/25/10)

2010        Oct 4, Central African Republic government troops regained control of Yalinga, a town held by rebels since September 18. On Oct 6 a spokesman for the rebel group, the Convention of Patriots for Justice and Peace (CPJP), claimed its fighters still held the town in the unstable east of the country.
    (AFP, 10/6/10)

2010        Oct 10, In the Central African Republic rebels of the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) abducted a number of girls during an attack on the  town of Birao. at least 5 people were taken by the rebels, who retreated when government troops arrived on the scene.
    (AFP, 10/13/10)

2010        Oct 15, Adrian Edwards, the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, said the rebels of the Lord's Resistance Army have killed at least 2,000 people and forced 400,000 to flee in three countries in less than two years. A UNHCR communique documented a mounting "campaign of terror against civilians" in the DR Congo, South Sudan and the CAR.
    (AFP, 10/15/10)

2010        Oct 29, In the Central African Republic rebels of the Convention of Patriots for Justice and Peace (CPJP) abducted 21 census agents updating voters' rolls for forthcoming elections.
    (AFP, 10/30/10)

2010        Nov 14, In the Central African Republic soldiers opened fire to disperse angry demonstrators protesting the death of a youth, wounding at least three people.
    (AFP, 11/14/10)

2010        Nov 24, In the Central African Republic rebels killed four soldiers and captured an unknown number of troops in an attack on Birao, the main town of northern CAR.
    (AFP, 11/25/10)

2010        Nov 26, The Central African Republic government announced its forces had retaken Birao, captured by rebels in a deadly assault two days earlier, but the rebels said they were still in control.
    (AFP, 11/26/10)

2010        Nov 30, Chad's army said it has entered the northwest part of neighboring Central African Republic and pushed out a group of rebels that had attempted to take the town of Birao.
    (AP, 12/1/10)

2010        Dec 1, Central African Republic President Francois Bozize said Jean-Bedel Bokassa (d.1996), the former self-styled "emperor" who was overthrown in 1979, is "rehabilitated in all his rights" in a decree published to coincide with the country's 50th anniversary celebrations.
    (AP, 12/1/10)

2010        Dec 2, A CAR spokesman said 71 people, including 65 rebels, were killed last week in clashes between insurgents and government troops in northeastern Central African Republic.
    (AFP, 12/2/10)

2011        Jan 23, Voting began in the Central African Republic for presidential and parliamentary polls, with incumbent President Francois Bozize tipped to retain power amid charges of fraud. On Feb 1 provisional results said Francois Bozize re-elected to a 2nd term as president with 66% of the vote.
    (AFP, 1/23/11)(AP, 2/2/11)

2011        Jan 25, In the Central African Republic 3 of 5 candidates in the presidential elections said they rejected the results "in advance" and demanded the Jan 23 vote be annulled. Incumbent Francois Bozize has been tipped to win the vote amidst complaints of irregularities and fraud.
    (AFP, 1/25/11)

2011        Jan 29, Rivals to Central African Republic leader Francois Bozize pulled their representatives off the election body, alleging fraud after early partial results from last weekend's poll put Bozize in the lead.
    (Reuters, 1/29/11)

2011        Feb 1, In the CAR provisional results said Francois Bozize has been comfortably re-elected to a 2nd term as president with 66% of the Jan 23 vote. By the next day all four rival candidates denounced the result as a fraud. The independent commission said former president Ange-Felix Patasse came second with 20.10% of the vote, followed by former premier Martin Ziguele with 6.46%, Emile Gros-Raymond Nakombo with 4.64% and ex-defense minister Jean-Jacques Demafouth with 2.72%.
    (AFP, 2/2/11)

2011        Mar 13, In the Central African Republic at least six people were killed and dozens abducted during an attack on Nzako village by Lord's Resistance Army rebels. They had crossed into the CAR last year after being routed from their bases in Uganda.
    (AFP, 3/15/11)

2011        Mar 27, The Central African Republic voted in the second round of parliamentary elections expected to hand President Francois Bozize's party a large majority because of an opposition boycott. The party of CAR's president won an overall majority in the run-off legislative elections, garnering 61 of the 105 seats in parliament, according to provisional results showed on April 7.
    (AFP, 3/27/11)(AFP, 4/7/11)

2011        May 31, In the Central African Republic violence erupted after the bodies of two children were discovered in the boot of a car belonging to a Muslim.
    (AFP, 6/3/11)

2011        Jun 2, In the Central African Republic sporadic gunfire was heard overnight in Bangui, capital of the CAR, but tension slowly eased after two days of bloodshed targeting Muslims. 11 people were killed including 8 Chadians in violence targeting Muslims in Bangui.
    (AFP, 6/2/11)(AFP, 6/3/11)

2011        Jun 12, In the Central African Republic the last major rebel movement active, the Convention of Patriots for Justice and Peace (CPJP), signed a ceasefire with the government that is set to lead to a peace accord.
    (AFP, 6/27/11)

2011        Jun 25, Central African Republic President Francois Bozize launched an operation to disarm hundreds of rebels at Bocaranga in the northwest.
    (AFP, 6/27/11)

2011        Jul 17, The Central African Republic government and a 500-man breakaway faction of the country's last active rebel movement, a dissident faction of the Convention of Patriots for Justice and Peace (CPJP), signed a peace deal in Nzako.
    (AFP, 7/19/11)

2011        Sep 11, In the Central African Republic clashes between rival armed groups erupted in the central town of Bria, the country's main diamond mining hub.
    (AFP, 9/22/11)

2011        Sep 12, In the Central African Republic two days of fighting between the rebel Convention of Patriots for Justice and Peace (CPJP) and former militants of the Union of Democratic Forces for Unity (UFDR) left at least 12 people dead.
    (AFP, 9/13/11)

2011        Sep 20, The UN called for an immediate truce between rival groups in the Central African Republic fighting for control over diamond mines.
    (AFP, 9/20/11)

2011        Sep 22, A CAR army source said that a recent outbreak of fighting between rival armed groups in the Central African Republic vying for control over diamond mines left 43 dead.
    (AFP, 9/22/11)

2011        Sep 25, In the Central African Republic rebels of the Convention of Patriots for Justice and Peace (CPJP) attacked a vehicle carrying former rebels of the Union of Democratic Forces for Unity (UFDR) and civilians near Bria, the country's main diamond mining hub. 7 people were killed including a senior local official.
    (AFP, 9/26/11)

2011        Sep 30, Central African Republic health minister Jean-Michel Mandaba said a new cholera epidemic has hit the country and has already claimed at least 10 victims in the south.
    (AFP, 9/31/11)

2011        Oct 8, In the Central African Republic a ceasefire ended fighting that claimed about 50 lives between the rebel Convention of Patriots for Justice and Peace (CPJP) and the Union of Democratic Forces for Unity (UFDR). The rebel groups, fighting over diamond mines, signed a peace pact with the Bangui government ending weeks of deadly violence.
    (AFP, 10/9/11)(AFP, 10/18/11)

2011        Oct 17, In the Central African Republic 2 rebel groups, that signed a cease fire on Oct 8, said they had left the central town of Bria. One of them asked for humanitarian aid for civilians.
    (AFP, 10/18/11)

2012        Jan 4, In the Central African Republic taxi and bus drivers in Bangui held a one-day strike. The government promised to look into grievances about its decision to raise fuel prices.
    (AFP, 1/4/12)

2012        Jan 6, Central African Republic police arrested ex-rebel chief Jean-Jacques Demafouth for an alleged bid to destabilize the country.
    (AFP, 1/6/12)

2012        Feb 22, The top US special operations commander for Africa said  US troops helping in the fight against a brutal rebel group called the Lord's Resistance Army are now deployed in four Central African countries: Uganda, Congo, South Sudan and Central African Republic.
    (AP, 2/23/12)

2012        Mar 5, A marketing campaign was launched by the Ugandan advocacy group Invisible Children (www.kony2012.com) to vastly increase awareness about Joseph Kony, a jungle militia leader wanted for atrocities by the International Criminal Court and hunted by 100 US Special Forces advisers and local troops. His Lordís Resistance Army (LRA) was operating in Congo, the Central African Republic and South Sudan.
    (AP, 3/8/12)

2012        Mar 26, In the CAR British safari driver David Simpson was arrested after he reported the discovery of the bodies of 13 people by a small-scale gold mine at the Ngungunza mining site. Simpson was released after five months of incarceration.
    (AFP, 5/14/12)(AP, 8/27/12)

2012        Apr 11, The Central African Republic freed former rebel chief Jean-Jacques Demafouth and two other leading opposition figures after a three-month detention. Demafouth has headed the People's Army for the Restoration of Democracy (APRD) since 2008.
    (AFP, 4/11/12)

2012        May 12, Ugandan forces captured Caesar Acellam, a senior commander of Joseph Kony's Lord's Resistance Army, after a brief fight with rebels near the Congo-Central African Republic border. Two other rebel fighters were also caught as they tried to cross a river called Mbomu. Officials say only about 200 LRA members remain the jungle.
    (AP, 5/13/12)

2012        May 10, In the CAR Erik Mararv, a Swedish professional hunter who heads the big game Central African Wildlife Adventures company, and 10 employees, several of them foreigners, were charged with murder and remanded in custody in Bangui's central N'garagba prison. The bodies of the 13 miners who had been working at the Ngungunza mining site were discovered on March 29.
    (AFP, 5/14/12)

2012        Jun 2, Central African Republic President Francois Bozize sacked his nephew and right-hand man Sylvain Ndoutingai as finance minister. The sacking came the day of a new hike in fuel prices, the second this year, which prompted a strike by taxi and taxi-bus drivers.
    (AFP, 6/3/12)

2012        Jun 6, A UN report said Joseph Kony's Lord Resistance Army has abducted more than 600 child soldiers and sex slaves over the past two years even as the hunt for the rebel leader intensifies. At least 591 children, including 268 girls, were reported seized over the same time in Democratic Republic of Congo, Central African Republic and South Sudan.
    (AFP, 6/6/12)

2012        Jun 24, In the Central African Republic a violent clash pitted CAR troops against an unidentified group of armed men attempting to launch an assault on the site of a uranium plant operated by French mining company Areva. The armed men were believed to be members of the Chadian rebel Popular Front for Recovery (FPR) led by 'General' Baba Ladde. The rebels seized five French nationals and two locals.
    (AFP, 6/25/12)(AP, 6/26/12)

2012        Jul 26, The UN's food agency said 10 Central African countries have agreed to take part in a regional initiative to monitor the Congo Basin, one of the world's largest primary rainforests. They included Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Rwanda and Sao Tome and Principe.
    (AFP, 7/26/12)

2012        Aug 24, In the Central African Republic a clash between a squad of Ugandan troops and the insurgents -- headed by Dominic Ongwen, one of three LRA commanders wanted by the International Criminal Court -- left 2 rebels dead.
    (AFP, 8/28/12)

2012        Sep 3, CAR officials said that Gen. Baba Ladde, a rebel leader from Chad known by his nickname "The Father of the Bush," has turned himself in to authorities in the capital of the Central African Republic.
    (AP, 9/3/12)

2012        Sep 4, The Ugandan military killed a rebel fighter and captured another in its campaign against Joseph Kony's Lord's Resistance Army rebels in the Central African Republic. Rebel general Dominic Ongwen escaped unhurt in the raid on his camp.
    (AP, 9/5/12)

2012        Dec 12, A rebel group that signed a peace accord with the government of the Central African Republic announced that it has taken three towns in the country's north, in a move that is intended to force the state to review the six-year-old accord.
    (AP, 12/12/12)

2012        Dec 18, Some 2,000 soldiers from Chad arrived to help the government of Central African Republic fight a rapidly advancing rebel movement, as the fighters claimed to have seized a sixth town.
    (AP, 12/19/12)

2012        Dec 20, Rebels in Central African Republic seized another town in their rapid offensive, moving to within about 400 km (250 miles) of the capital as the rebels said they were ready for negotiations with the government.
    (AP, 12/20/12)

2012        Dec 26, Angry Central African Republic protesters carrying clubs threw rocks at the French Embassy, criticizing the former colonial power for failing to do more to stem a rapid rebel advance as fears grew that the insurgents aim to seize the capital.
    (AP, 12/26/12)

2012        Dec 28, In Central African Republic renewed fighting between government forces and rebels seeking to overthrow the president broke out in Bambari, CARís third largest city. Representatives from the 10-nation Economic Community of Central African States, or ECCAS, agreed at a meeting in Gabon to send forces to CAR
    (AP, 12/28/12)(AP, 12/31/12)

2012        Dec 29, Central African Republic rebels continued their advance, seizing the city of Sibut, 185 km (114 miles) from Bangui.
    (AP, 12/30/12)

2012        Dec 30, French reinforcements arrived in the Central African Republic from nearby Gabon, bringing the total French military force in the capital, Bangui, to nearly 600.
    (AP, 12/30/12)

2012        Dec 31, The Seleka rebels in the Central African Republic rejected appeals for them to halt their advances and to negotiate to form a coalition government. Seleka means alliance in the local Sango language.
    (AP, 12/31/12)

2012        The population of the Central African Republic was about 4.4 million.
    (AP, 12/30/12)

2013        Jan 5, In the Central African Republic the Seleka alliance rebels took Alindao town raising their control to 11 towns.
    (AP, 1/5/13)

2013        Jan 6, The South African presidency announced that is sending 400 army troops to Central African Republic to help the country's army as it faces a threat from a coalition of rebel groups. Neighboring countries Cameroon, Gabon and Republic of Congo already have sent about 120 troops each to help stabilize the country confronted by the rebellion.
    (AP, 1/6/13)

2013        Jan 9, Talks on the crisis in Central African Republic began in Gabon with representatives of the government, rebels and other groups.
    (AP, 1/9/13)

2013        Jan 11, Central African Republic President Francois Bozize and the rebels who sought to overthrow him reached a deal that will allow him to stay in office until his term ends in 2016.
    (AP, 1/11/13)

2013        Jan 15, Rebels from Central African Republic and the country's political opposition said that they have agreed to choose Nicolas Tiangaye as a candidate for prime minister. Under the deal Pres. Bozize will remain in office until his term ends in 2016.
    (AP, 1/15/13)

2013        Jan 18, In the Central African Republic a rebel commander known only as Binani, the chief bodyguard of LRA leader Joseph Kony, was killed in a firefight 280 km (175 miles) north of Djema, where Uganda-led African Union troops are being advised by US special forces.
    (AP, 1/21/13)

2013        Mar 11, CAR rebels who signed a peace deal with the government two months ago, seized control of two towns in the southeast of Central African Republic, threatening to undo the country's fragile peace.
    (AP, 3/13/13)

2013        Mar 23, In Central African Republic Seleka rebels took control of the town of Bossembele, pushing closer to the capital, Bangui.
    (AP, 3/23/13)

2013        Mar 24, Central African Republic's President Francois Bozize fled the capital, hours after hundreds of armed rebels threatening to overthrow him invaded Bangui.
    (AP, 3/24/13)

2013        Mar 25, Central African Republic's President Francois Bozize fled to neighboring Cameroon. Michel Djotodia, one of the leaders of the Seleka rebel coalition, said that he plans to stay in power until 2016, the length of time left in the term of Bozize.
    (AP, 3/25/13)(AP, 3/26/13)

2013        Mar 25, South Africa's president said 13 South African soldiers were killed and 27 wounded in weekend fighting in the Central African Republic.
    (AP, 3/25/13)

2013        Mar 26, In the CAR Michel Djotodia, one of the leaders of the Seleka rebel coalition, announced over radio that he has dissolved the country's constitution as well as the parliament and the government. French forces protecting Bangui's main airport opened fire on three cars that were speeding toward a security checkpoint. Two Indian citizens were killed, and wounded Indian and Chadian passengers were taken for medical care. Pillaging continued in Bangui.
    (AP, 3/26/13)

2013        Mar 28, Ousted Central African Republic President Francois Bozize requested exile in Benin days after rebels invaded and overthrew his government of a decade.
    (AP, 3/29/13)

2013        Apr 1, Central African Republic's coup leader, Michel Djotodia, further solidified his hold on the government after announcing that he will serve as both president and defense minister, while other top posts are going to his fellow rebels.
    (AP, 4/1/13)

2013        Apr 2, South Africa said most of its 200 troops in the Central African Republic have been withdrawn from the country where 13 died as rebels ousted the president.
    (AP, 4/2/13)

2013        Apr 3, Uganda's top military official said African troops in Central African Republic have suspended the hunt for the fugitive warlord Joseph Kony because the new government there is not cooperating with the mission.
    (AP, 4/3/13)

2013        Apr 6, Central African Republic's self-appointed leader, Michel Djotodia, said he's created a new council that now will choose a president to lead the country until elections can be held.
    (AP, 4/6/13)

2013        Apr 13, Central African Republic rebel leader Michel Djotodia was elected president by the National Transitional Council. He was the only candidate and was elected unanimously by the 105 council members.
    (AP, 4/13/13)

2013        Apr 14, In CAR weekend fighting left at least 10 people dead in the Poukandja neighborhood of Bangui, while another 7 bodies were found elsewhere.
    (AP, 4/14/13)

2013        Apr 16, The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights said the security situation in Central African Republic is deteriorating and expressed concern about "a wide range of alleged grave violations" including rape, torture, kidnappings and targeted killings.
    (AP, 4/16/13)

2013        Apr 25, Central African Republic (CAR) local residents said at least 40 elephants have been slain at Dzanga-Sangha since the rebels took power on March 24.
    (AP, 4/26/13)

2013        May 10, Human Rights Watch said an angry mob in late April stoned to death a soldier (17) in Central African Republic who had been freed from a rebel group and moved to the capital for his own safety only to be re-recruited by armed fighters. The watchdog also documented the case of 9 men who had been abducted by Seleka forces in April and accused of being members of the national military. The men were repeatedly stabbed by rebels before being taken to a river bank where 5 were shot.
    (AP, 5/10/13)

2013        May 17, In the Central African Republic suspected foreign fighters backing a rebel movement now in control of the CAR government invaded Bouca, a remote north-central village and killed six people.
    (AP, 5/20/13)

2013        May 24, In western Central African Republic rebels arrived in the village of Poulissi in three vehicles and began killing residents there. At least 25 people were reported killed in attacks on various villages near Bossangoa, including a pregnant woman and a child.
    (AP, 5/27/13)

2013        May 31, Central African Republic said it has issued an international arrest warrant for ex-President Francois Bozize, ousted in March. He has been accused of kidnappings, murder and crimes against humanity. He is also accused of economic crimes, including misappropriation of public funds and corruption.
    (AP, 5/31/13)

2013        Jun 3, The Enough Project, the Satellite Sentinel Project and two other groups said in a new report that members of Joseph Konyís LRA have turned to elephant poaching in CongoDRC and the CAR and that the militia trades illegal ivory to acquire food and other supplies. The report also said elephants of Garamba National Park also are being targeted by "members of the armed forces of (Congo), South Sudan, Sudan, and Uganda," citing the concerns of park rangers there.
    (AP, 6/3/13)

2013        Jun 28, Human rights and aid groups said fighters in Central African Republic have destroyed dozens of villages since February, compounding a humanitarian crisis that affects the country's entire population of 4.6 million people.
    (AP, 6/28/13)

2013        Aug 9, An international aid organization said dozens of people have been slaughtered in a remote village in Central African Republic and their bodies tossed in a nearby river. Caritas said the violence had taken place over the last two weeks in a village called Ouhman-Bac in the country's northwest.
    (AP, 8/9/13)

2013        Aug 19, Cameroonian police official Felix Ndalle Ngando was killed  by Seleka fighters loyal to Central African Republic's new president. This soon prompted Cameroon to shut its border with the CAR.
    (AP, 8/21/13)

2013        Aug 21, In the Central African Republic a Red Cross official said at least 12 people are dead following clashes in Bangui.
    (AP, 8/21/13)

2013        Aug 27, In the Central African Republic sustained gunfire and looting broke out overnight in Bangui, causing many people to flee their homes.
    (AFP, 8/27/13)

2013        Aug 29, UN officials said the airport in Central African Republic's capital has been forced to close as thousands seek refuge from violence.
    (AP, 8/29/13)

2013        Sep 9, The CAR presidency said at least 60 people have been killed in the last two days in fighting between the new Central African Republic president's forces and those loyal to ousted leader Francois Bozize.
    (AFP, 9/9/13)

2013        Sep 10, The president of Central African Republic dismissed the head of the armed forces after days of fighting with gunmen loyal to ousted leader Francois Bozize that left 100 people dead.
    (Reuters, 9/10/13)

2013        Sep 11, A court in Central African Republic sentenced 17 Seleka fighters to eight years in prison for theft, rape and pillage, the first ex-rebels to be punished for a wave of violence that has gripped the country since they seized power.
    (Reuters, 9/12/13)

2013        Sep 13, Central African Republic's new president Michel Djotodia said he was dissolving the Seleka rebel alliance that swept him to power, a group that has since been blamed for a wave of violence.
    (Reuters, 9/13/13)

2013        Oct 7, In the Central Africa Republic self-defence groups began attacking the village of Garga, leaving 3 dead and a dozen injured.
    (AFP, 10/8/13)

2013        Oct 8, In the Central Africa Republic at least 30 people died and dozens more were injured in clashes between ex-rebels of the Seleka coalition and local self-defence groups in Garga.
    (AFP, 10/8/13)

2013        Oct 9, In the Central African Republic government forces arrested Mahamat Amine, a rogue ex-rebel commander, and six of his men. Another ex-Seleka warlord known as "Colonel Abdallah," who had been ruling over the eastern town of Bangassou, was arrested together with four of his lieutenants and transferred to Bangui.
    (AFP, 10/11/13)

2013        Oct 11, In Central African Republic clashes broke out between security forces sent from Bangui to Bomboro, and the 'anti-balaka' self-defence group," leaving 6 dead among the ranks of the vigilante.
    (AFP, 10/12/13)

2013        Oct 23, UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon requested the deployment of 250 troops to protect the global body's personnel and facilities in the strife-torn Central African Republic.
    (AFP, 10/23/13)

2013        Oct 26, In western Central African Republic hundreds of vigilantes armed with machetes and firearms attacked the town of Bouar, forcing civilians to flee the area.
    (AFP, 10/26/13)

2013        Nov 17, In the Central African Republic Seleka rebels assassinated magistrate Modeste Martineau Bria and his aide-de-camp. 2 people were killed and others suffered gunshot wounds as residents protested the killing in Bangui.
    (AFP, 11/17/13)

2013        Nov 19, In the Central African Republic heavy fighting erupted near Bouca between the Muslim Seleka rebels who have carried out attacks and massacres throughout the northwest in recent months and members of Christian self-defense militias that have arisen amid the violence. About 2,000 people have sought refuge in a Catholic mission in the area.
    (AP, 11/20/13)

2013        Nov 22, In the Central African Republic more than 100 judges and lawyers took to the streets of Bangui to protest the Nov 17 slaying of a colleague Modeste Martineau Bria.
    (AP, 11/22/13)
2013        Nov 22, A senior UN official said up to 6,000 children have been enrolled by warring militias in the Central African Republic, issuing a stark warning about the country's spiralling crisis.
    (AFP, 11/22/13)

2013        Nov 26, France said it would send hundreds of extra troops to the strife-torn Central African Republic after the UN warned the country was descending into "complete chaos."
    (AFP, 11/26/13)

2013        Nov 28, In the Central African Republic Ugandan foces killed Col. Samuel Kangul, a senior commander of the Lord's Resistance Army and 13 of his rebel fighters.
    (AP, 12/1/13)

2013        Nov 30, Britain said it is giving 10 million pounds ($16.4 million) in aid to Central African Republic amid a dramatic escalation in the former French colony's humanitarian crisis.
    (AP, 11/30/13)

2013        Dec 3, In the Central African Republic UN officials said at least 12 people of the Peuhl Muslim minority, including children and a pregnant woman, have been killed by Christian vigilantes.
    (AFP, 12/4/13)

2013        Dec 5, Heavy gunfire erupted in Bangui, the capital of the Central African Republic. French troops killed several rebels who were bearing down on them in a pickup truck. Ex-Seleka fighters stormed Amite Hospital and abducted at least nine patients by gunpoint in front of horrified medical staff. The bodies of 11 young men were later found just outside the hospital. Over 280 people were killed in the violence in Bangui.
    (AP, 12/5/13)(AP, 12/6/13)(AP, 12/8/13)

2013        Dec 6, In CAR 19 members of the Lord's Resistance Army, or LRA, defected in the Central African Republic where the rebels are being pursued by African Union forces backed by American advisers.
    (AP, 12/11/13)

2013        Dec 7, French President Francois Hollande said France will increase its troop deployment in Central African Republic to 1,600 soldiers by this evening. Operation Sangaris was named after a local butterfly. The African Union agreed to increase its troops there to 6,000.
    (Reuters, 12/7/13)(SSFC, 12/8/13, p.A4)(Econ, 12/7/13, p.49)

2013        Dec 8, The mostly Muslim fighters who control Central African Republic patrolled neighborhoods across Bangui despite an order to return to their barracks, reflecting the sectarian tensions still rippling across the impoverished nation. The French foreign minister said violence had killed at least 394 people in the past few days.
    (AP, 12/8/13)

2013        Dec 9, Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel ordered the US military to transport troops from Burundi into the Central African Republic to help quell the latest upsurge in violence there.
    (AP, 12/10/13)

2013        Dec 10, Two French soldiers were killed in overnight fighting in the Central African Republic, France's first casualties in an operation to restore stability in its former colony. Officials said over 500 people have been killed in Bangui over the past week in sectarian fighting.
    (Reuters, 12/10/13)(SFC, 12/11/13, p.A4)

2013        Dec 12, In the Central African Republic 27 Muslims were killed  by so-called self-defense militias, known as anti-Balaka, in the western village of Bohong. Fighting and sectarian violence has killed 450 people in Bangui and 160 elsewhere in the country in the past week alone.
    (AFP, 12/13/13)

2013        Dec 14, In the Central African Republic a mob in Bangui hacked a Muslim motorcyclist to death in the Combattant district not far from the airport. Moments later residents brandished the man's cut-off hands.
    (AFP, 12/14/13)

2013        Dec 17, French troops took on armed Christian militias in Bangui, Central African Republic, where the UN said 210,000 people had been uprooted in two weeks of deadly sectarian violence.
    (AFP, 12/17/13)

2013        Dec 20, In the Central African Republic more than 30 people, including a Chadian peacekeeper, were killed overnight in a fresh outbreak of brutal sectarian violence.
    (AFP, 12/20/13)
2013        Dec 20, The United States said it is pledging up to $100 million to help support African Union efforts in the Central African Republic.
    (Reuters, 12/20/13)

2013        Dec 22, In Central African Republic former Seleka rebels and their Muslim supporters blocked a route near Bangui's airport to protest against French troops conducting a disarmament operation, accusing them of killing 3 fighters in clashes. An African Union peacekeeper from the Republic of Congo was killed by the anti-balaka, a Christian militia.
    (AFP, 12/22/13)(AP, 12/24/13)

2013        Dec 23, In the Central African Republic Chadian peacekeepers opened fire on a crowd demonstrating against their presence, killing one person and injuring several others in Bangui.
    (Reuters, 12/23/13)
2013        Dec 23, The European Union banned the export of arms and the sending of mercenaries to Central African Republic.
    (Reuters, 12/23/13)

2013        Dec 25, In the Central African Republic a spokesman for MISCA, the peacekeeping force, said Chadian troops will be redeployed from Bangui amid charges they were siding with a former rebel group. 5 Chadian peacekeepers died in clashes in Bangui.
    (AFP, 12/25/13)(AFP, 12/26/13)

2013        Dec 26, In Central African Republic Red Cross workers said they have recovered 44 bodies from the streets of Bangui after inter-religious fighting in the last two days. 2 African Union peacekeepers were shot dead in night time fighting. Assailants also attempted to attack the presidential palace, but were pushed back.
    (Reuters, 12/26/13)(AP, 12/27/13)

2013        Dec 29, In Central African Republic a medical charity said more than 100,000 people displaced by inter-religious violence are sheltering at a makeshift camp at Bangui airport.
    (Reuters, 12/29/13)

2013        Dec 30, In Central African Republic heavy weapons fire rang out in the north of Bangui early today in what the government said were clashes with Christian militias.
    (Reuters, 12/30/13)

2013        Dec 31, In the Central African Republic Christian militiamen attacked an army base in Bangui, as French and African soldiers struggled to contain sectarian violence. Thousands of angry people flooded the runway of the international airport in Bangui, shouting slogans against Michel Djotodia, the nation's Muslim president, who grabbed power in a coup nine months ago.
    (AFP, 12/31/13)(AP, 12/31/13)

2014        Jan 1, In Central African Republic clashes between Muslims and Christians in Bangui killed three as angry residents threw grenades and torched homes.
    (Reuters, 1/1/14)

2014        Jan 2, A Cameroon secutiry official said 7 people, including two Cameroonian soldiers, have been killed in an attack in the east by an armed group from the Central African Republic.
    (AFP, 1/2/14)

2014        Jan 5, In the CAR a hand grenade attack on a Bangui market left four people injured, including two women and a Burundian soldier from MISCA, the African force deployed in the Central African Republic.
    (AFP, 1/5/14)

2014        Jan 9, In Chad African leaders began talks to tackle the sectarian violence wracking the Central African Republic, with the pressure piling on the country's embattled Pres. Michel Djotodia.
    (AFP, 1/9/14)

2014        Jan 10, Central African Republic's interim President Michel Djotodia and his prime minister resigned, according to a statement issued after a two-day summit in neighboring Chad. Alexsandre-Ferdinand Nguendet took over as Acting President.
    (Reuters, 1/10/14)(Econ, 1/18/14, p.50)

2014        Jan 11, In CAR deadly violence including reports of cannibalism and widespread looting erupted in Bangui after the resignation of its ex-rebel president, The International Organisation for Migration began an airlift of thousands of foreigners out of the strife-torn country following appeals from neighboring countries. Former president Michel Djotodia traveled to Benin where he will go into exile.
    (AFP, 1/11/14)(Reuters, 1/11/14)

2014        Jan 12, Central African Republicís local Red Cross said scattered violence in Bangui, including two consecutive nights of intense gunfire in some neighborhoods, has killed 13 people since Michel Djotodia announced his resignation from the presidency on Jan 10. Rival militiamen struck a truce and hugged each other in a neighborhood of Bangui on the eve of consultations aimed at replacing the president who resigned under international pressure.
    (AP, 1/12/14)(AFP, 1/12/14)

2014        Jan 14, The UN human rights office said a UN human rights team has gathered testimony that Chadian citizens, including peacekeepers, carried out mass killings during chaotic violence in the Central African Republic. The team also received reports that French disarmament of ex-Seleka forces left Muslim communities vulnerable.
    (Reuters, 1/14/14)

2014        Jan 17, In Central African Republic attackers ambushed Muslims fleeing sectarian violence outside the town of Bouar killing 22 people.
    (SFC, 1/20/14, p.A2)

2014        Jan 18, In Central African Republic fresh fighting broke out as the deadline closed for candidates to register for a vote by the transitional parliament for a new interim president.
    (AFP, 1/18/14)

2014        Jan 20, In Central African Republic Catherine Samba-Panza, the mayor of Bangui, was elected interim president and tasked with restoring peace to the country torn by sectarian bloodshed.
    (AFP, 1/20/14)
2014        Jan 20, The EU foreign ministers decided to send up to 1,000 soldiers to help stabilize Central African Republic, deploying its first major army operation in six years.
    (Reuters, 1/20/14)

2014        Jan 21, In Central African Republic French intelligence services reported the discovery some 15 bodies in a new mass grave near Bangui.
    (AP, 1/21/14)

2014        Jan 22, In the Central African Republic the Red Cross said it has found 11 corpses, most burnt beyond recognition, dumped in Bangui. At least 10 people were killed in clashes between former Seleka fighters and civilians in Bangui. Hundreds of Christians went on a rampage in Bangui, looting and setting fire to Muslim-owned homes and businesses and threatening to go on a killing spree as the country prepared to inaugurate a new interim presiden.
    (Reuters, 1/22/14)(AFP, 1/22/14)(AP, 1/23/14)

2014        Jan 24, In Central African Republic Dr. Joseph Kalite, a former government health minister who had supported last year's rebellion by Muslim fighters, was assassinated at the Central Mosque in Bangui.
    (AP, 1/24/14)

2014        Jan 25, Central African Republic Pres. Catherine Samba-Panzaís office announced the appointment of Andre Nzapayeke, a former regional banking official, as the new prime minister.
    (AP, 1/26/14) 

2014        Jan 26, Central African Republic new PM Andre Nzapayeke said he will meet with all fighting factions to bring an end to atrocities throughout the country, as gunfire rang out in Bangui.
    (AP, 1/26/14)(AFP, 1/26/14)

2014        Jan 28, The UN Security Council authorized the deployment of an EU force to bolster French and African troops in the Central African Republic.
    (SFC, 1/29/14, p.A2)
2014        Jan 28, In Sudan a Russian diplomat and his wife were stabbed in Khartoum by a man anguished by the death of his brother in violence-plagued Central African Republic.
    (AFP, 1/28/14)

2014        Jan 31, Red Cross officials warned that Central African Republic's capital of Bangui is experiencing "unprecedented levels of violence" with at least 30 people killed in the last three days.
    (AP, 1/31/14)

2014        Feb 2, In the Central African Republic witnesses said international forces have retaken Sibut, a strategic town occupied for days by Muslim Seleka fighters.
    (AP, 2/2/14)

2014        Feb 3, CAR priest Cassien Kamatari that 75 Christians have been killed during fighting over the last five days in the town of Boda.
    (AP, 2/3/14)

2014        Feb 7, In Central African Republic thousands of Muslims fled for their lives from Bangui, with Christian crowds cheering as truckloads of Muslim families made their way out of town. One man who fell off a truck was subsequently killed and his body mutilated, highlighting the savagery faced by those Muslims who stayed behind. A convoy of some 500 cars, trucks and motorcycles was guarded by armed soldiers from Chad. The UN's refugee agency said nearly 9,000 people, mainly Muslims, have fled to Cameroon in just over a week to escape communal bloodshed in the CAR.
    (AP, 2/7/14)(AFP, 2/7/14)

2014        Feb 9, Violence in Central African Republic's capital, including mob attacks and an apparent assassination attempt targeting the country's former justice minister, killed at least 10 people over the last 24 hours. Gunmen murdered politician Jean-Emmanuel Djarawa, a Christian representative for eastern Haute-Kotto province, outside his house in Bangui.
    (AFP, 2/9/14)(Reuters, 2/10/14)

2014        Feb 10, In the Central African Republic anti-Balaka Christian extremists began searching the homes of Muslims in Berberati. About 10 Muslims were killed reported. Some residents spoke of 15 dead.
    (AFP, 2/18/14)

2014        Feb 12, Amnesty International said the exodus of tens of thousands of Muslims from Central African Republic amounts to "ethnic cleansing." French Defense Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian pledged on a visit to CAR to continue disarming both Muslim and Christian fighters. African Union peacekeepers uncovered a mass grave at a military camp in Bangui occupied by the Muslim Seleka rebels.
    (AP, 2/12/14)(Reuters, 2/12/14)

2014        Feb 13, In the Central African Republic Richard Bejouane, the self-proclaimed leader of the CARís Christian-dominated vigilantes (anti-balaka), warned Pres. Catherine Samba Panza against any crackdown against his group.
    (AFP, 2/13/14)

2014        Feb 14, In the Central African Republic thousands of Muslims who tried to flee the violence in Bangui were turned back by peacekeepers, as crowds of angry Christians shouted "we're going to kill you all." France announced that it is increasing the number of its troops on the ground in CAR by 400 for a total of 2,000.
    (AP, 2/14/14)

2014        Feb 15, In the Central African Republic French and African peacekeepers seized weapons from militia in Bangui, but failed to detained a wanted leader of the rogue groups.
    (AFP, 2/15/14)

2014        Feb 16, In the Central African Republic troops of the MISCA African Union force clashed with anti-balaka militias at Cantonnier, near the border with Cameroon. 8 people, including 6 civilians, were killed in the firefight.
    (AFP, 2/18/14)

2014        Feb 19, In the Central African Republic heavy fighting erupted near the airport in Bangui, as Christian militia tried to block the evacuation of Muslims and disrupted a visit by a top United Nations aid official.
    (Reuters, 2/19/14)

2014        Feb 20, The Organization of Islamic Cooperation, the world's largest bloc of Islamic countries, agreed to send a high-level fact-finding mission to the Central African Republic. The Saudi Arabia-based OIC also agreed to appoint a special representative to coordinate efforts with the African Union and the United Nations.
    (AP, 2/20/14)

2014        Feb 21, The UN refugee agency said around 28,000 people have fled from conflict-torn Central African Republic to neighbouring Cameroon since the start of this month.
    (AFP, 2/21/14)

2014        Feb 22, In Central African Republic 3 Muslim civilians were shot dead when the taxi carrying them was stopped by an angry mob in Bangui.
    (AFP, 2/22/14)

2014        Feb 24, In Central African Republic Chadian peacekeepers shot dead 3 civilians in a Christian neighborhood of Bangui. Witnesses said anti-Balaka Christian militiamen killed at least 70 Muslims in the remote southwest village of Guen earlier this month.
    (Reuters, 2/24/14)(AP, 2/24/14)

2014        Mar 10, State officials in the Central African Republic were paid their first wage for six months, a small sign of normality in a country that has been paralysed by war for over a year. A group of UN-mandated investigators said they will launch a probe into human rights violations amid fears of genocide and ethnic cleansing.
    (AFP, 3/10/14)

2014        Mar 21, Peacekeepers in Central African Republic opened fire on a crowd in the capital to disrupt anti-Muslim violence, injuring six people including four who were under 16.
    (AP, 3/21/14)

2014        Mar 26, The head of African peacekeepers in the Central African Republic said that vigilante groups known as "anti-balaka" will be considered and treated as "enemies" from now on.
    (AFP, 3/26/14)

2014        Mar 27, In the Central African Republic at least 9 people were killed when extremists threw hand grenades at a crowd of mourners during a funeral service in Bangui. A recent uptick in violence had seen around 20 people killed in Bangui since March 22.
    (AFP, 3/28/14)(AP, 3/29/14)

2014        Mar 29, In Central African Republic Chadian soldiers, sent to repatriate their compatriots, killed at least 8 civilians when they opened fire on crowds in Bangui. Chadian troops were accused of killing 32 civilians when they opened fire on a crowd.
    (AFP, 3/30/14)(AP, 4/3/14)

2014        Apr 1, The UN said it was trying to evacuate 19,000 Muslims urgently from Bangui and other parts of Central African Republic who are surrounded by anti-balaka Christian militia threatening their lives.
    (Reuters, 4/1/14)

2014        Apr 3, Chadian officials said they are withdrawing their peacekeepers from the regional mission in Central African Republic.
    (AP, 4/3/14)

2014        Apr 5, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon traveled to Central African Republic for the first time since the country erupted into sectarian bloodshed four months ago. Ban has urged council members to act quickly on his recommendation for a 12,000-member peacekeeping mission.
    (AP, 4/5/14)

2014        Apr 8, In Central African Republic at least 30 people were killed in fighting between mainly Christian militia and predominantly Muslim rebels in the central town of Dekoa. Most of the dead were civilians, killed by Muslims who fired into a crowd of people they mistook for Christian militants.
    (AFP, 4/9/14)(AP, 4/10/14)

2014        Apr 10, The UN Security Council unanimously approved a nearly 12,000-strong UN peacekeeping force for Central African Republic.
    (AP, 4/10/14)

2014        Apr 16, The United Nations and aid groups launched an appeal for $274 million to help people who have fled the Central African Republic because of the sectarian conflict.
    (AP, 4/16/14)

2014        Apr 22, Ugandaís military said African troops have captured a junior commander with the Lord's Resistance Army and rescued 10 people, mostly children, abducted by the rebels. The rebel lieutenant known as Charles Okell was seized after a firefight in Central African Republic.
    (AP, 4/22/14)

2014        Apr 26, In northern Central African Republic dozens of heavily armed Muslim rebels opened fire in a hospital in Naga-Boguila, killing 22 people, including three local health workers for Doctors Without Borders.
    (Econ, 5/3/14, p.44)

2014        Apr 27, In Central African Republic heavily armed African and French peacekeepers escorted some of the last remaining Muslims out of Bangui, trucking more than 1,200 people who for months had been trapped in their neighborhood by violent Christian militants.
    (AP, 4/27/14)(AP, 4/28/14)

2014        Apr 28, In Central African Republic 2 civilians were killed when gunmen ambushed a convoy of Muslims fleeing violence in Bangui.
    (AFP, 4/29/14)

2014        May 1, In Central African Republic gunmen killed about 15 people, including children, in an attack on Markounda town near the Chad border.
    (AP, 5/2/14)

2014        May 5, In northwest Central African Republic French peacekeepers killed several militants during a three-hour battle after coming under attack from some 40 heavily armed unidentified gunmen.
    (Reuters, 5/6/14)

2014        May 9, Central African Republic rebel Col. Mahamat Deya said a gathering of of Muslim fighters has chosen Gen. Joseph Zindeko as the new leader of Seleka.
    (SFC, 5/10/14, p.A2)
2014        May 9, The UN Security Council ordered sanctions against three Central African Republic leaders, including former president Francois Bozize. The leader of the anti-Balaka militia Levy Yakete and the Seleka militia's number two Nourredine Adam were also targeted.
    (AFP, 5/10/14)

2014        May 10 - 2014 May 11, In Central African Republic at least 13 people were burned alive when they were rounded up by armed men and barricaded inside a home that was set alight.
    (AFP, 5/13/14)

2014        May 12, Chad announced it was shutting down its southern border with the strife-wracked Central African Republic until the conflict in the poor, landlocked nation is resolved.
    (AFP, 5/12/14)

2014        May 13, In Central African Republic the body of French journalist Camille Lepage (26) was found by a patrol of French peacekeeping troops in the Bouar region. Lepage was with the anti-balaka militia as part of her efforts to report on the conflict when they were attacked on May 12.
    (AFP, 5/14/14)

2014        May 22, In Central African Republic 3 civilians were killed in Bambari as hundreds of Muslims armed with rifles and machetes clashed with French peacekeeping troops trying to disarm members of the rebel Seleka coalition in the town.
    (Reuters, 5/22/14)

2014        May 23, The UN said nearly 30 children fleeing the war-ravaged Central African Republic have died in just a month from starvation, exhaustion and exposure after crossing into Cameroon.
    (AFP, 5/23/14)

2014        May 24, French forces in Central African Republic fired mortars and exchanged sustained gunfire with Muslim rebels who once controlled the country.
    (AP, 5/24/14)

2014        May 28, In Central African Republic gunmen sprayed bullets and hurled grenades at people sheltering at the Our Lady of Fatima church in Bangui following a battle between anti-balaka militia and residents of the nearby Muslim neighborhood of PK5. At least 17 people were killed and 27 abducted..
    (Reuters, 5/29/14)(SFC, 5/29/14, p.A2)(Reuters, 5/30/14)

2014        May 29, In Central African Republic youths plundered a mosque in Bangui and barricaded streets with burning tires in protest at an attack by Muslim gunmen on a church a day earlier.
    (Reuters, 5/29/14)

2014        May 30, The Central African Republic's interim president Catherine Samba-Panza accused armed groups of seeking to destabilize her government, as two people were shot dead by Burundian peacekeepers in a second day of violent protests in Bangui. Thousands marched through the center of Bangui to demand the resignation of Catherine Samba-Panza and the withdrawal of the Burundian contingent of the African Union peacekeeping mission.
    (Reuters, 5/30/14)

2014        May 31, In Central African Republic hundreds of Muslims marched in their last major enclave in Bangui, protesting against a call by the president that they disarm and demanding their safe evacuation from the city.
    (Reuters, 5/31/14)

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Subject = CAR
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