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Timeline Chechnya

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Chechen Republic Online: http://www.amina.com/
Haqqani:
http://www.naqshbandi.net/haqqani/sufi/chechen_hist.html

Chechnya: Oil-rich region in northern Caucasus Mountains of southern Russia, 7,720 square miles, or about size of New Jersey. Moscow considers area vital to maintaining influence in Caucasus region. Population mostly Muslim with strong religious beliefs. Clan-type groups with influential elders.

1722        Russian troops fought against Chechen tribes for the 1st time.
    (SSFC, 11/10/02, p.A11)

1785        Chechen people launched an armed struggle for freedom and independence under the leadership of Sheikh Mansur.
    (www.chechnyafree.ru)

1791        Sheikh Mansur, Chechen leader, was captured and died in the Schlusselburg Fortress.
    (www.chechnyafree.ru)

1816        General A.P.Yermolov served as Commander of the Russian army in the Caucasus. Military pressure intensifies as Russian troops continue to advance deep into Chechnya. Chechnya responded by stepping up its resistance movement, which, for more than 30 years, was headed by Beibulat Teimiev.
    (www.chechnyafree.ru)

1818        Grozny was established in the northern Caucasus as a Russian fortress.
    (SFEC, 4/30/00, p.C14)

1834-1858    Imam Shamil (1797-1871) ruled over a self-proclaimed imamat (Chechnya). He united part of the North Caucasian highlanders in their struggle against tsarist Russia and set up a theocratic sharia state known as imamat that resisted Tsarist Russia for 27 years.
    (www.chechnyafree.ru)

1852-1853    Leo Tolstoy served as a young artillery officer in Chechnya. He wrote his short story “The Raid” in 1853 based on his experiences there.
    (WSJ, 5/10/00, p.A1)

1859        Imam Shamil (1797-1871), Caucasian (Chechen) warrior, surrendered and became an honorary captive of Alexander II.
    (SFC, 8/13/99, p.A14)

1859        The Muslim North Caucasus region of Chechnya was incorporated into the Russian empire after hundreds of years of fighting. Czarist armies conquered Chechnya after decades of fighting.
    (SFC, 5/13/97, p.A12)(SFC, 10/26/02, p.A10)

1912        The novella “Hadji Murad” by Leo Tolstoy (1828-1910) was published. Murad (d.1852) was an important Chechen leader during the resistance of the Caucasian peoples in 1711-1864 against the Russian Empire's seizure of the region.
    (http://tinyurl.com/js9od)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hadji_Murad)

1915        Ingush and Chechen regiments led "the Brusilov breakthrough" on the Russian-German front. Their horse cavalry attacked an enemy force armed with heavy artillery.
    (www.chechnyafree.ru)

1917        May 1, Caucasian unity was proclaimed at the first Mountain People's Congress in Vladikavkaz. The idea of a Caucasus Confederation had its origins in the spring of 1917 and was developed further in 1918. At the Congress the "Alliance of United Mountain People of the North Caucasus and Dagestan", headed by T. Chermoev, a Chechen, R. Kaplanov, a Kumyk, P. Kotsev, a Kabardian, V. Dzhabagiev, an Ingush, and others, was officially established. The Abkhazian people also became full members of this alliance. A Mountain Peoples' Government was formed in November 1917.
    (www.ciaonet.org/olj/crs/crs_1998sp/crs98sp_las01.html)
1917        Chechens formed their 1st independent state, the Confederation of North Caucasian Peoples, following the Bolshevik Revolution. [see May 1]
    (SSFC, 11/10/02, p.A11)

1920        Nov, Chechens joined with other Caucasian peoples to form the Republic of the Mountain Peoples. Chechens had rebelled during the civil war that followed the Russian Revolution of 1917, clashing with local Cossacks and the anti-Communist White forces as well as with the Communists' Red Army. With the establishment of Soviet authority in the region.
    (www.chechnyawar.com/history)

1921        The Red Army forced the Chechen government into exile and took nominal control. Armed resistance continued. The "Mountain Peoples' Government" was forced to emigrate as Soviet power became established in the Caucasus.
    (SSFC, 11/10/02, p.A11)(www.ciaonet.org/olj/crs/crs_1998sp/crs98sp_las01.html)

1922        The Soviet government divided the North Caucasus along ethnic lines, separating the Chechen Autonomous Oblast from the Republic of the Mountain Peoples and abolishing the republic itself in 1924.
    (www.chechnyawar.com/history)(USAT, 9/2/04, p.13A)

1934        The Chechen-Ingush Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic was established.
    (USAT, 9/2/04, p.13A)

1944        Feb 23, Stalin ordered the mass deportation of Chechens and Ingushi to Kazakhstan for resisting Soviet rule and abetting the Germans. "478,479 persons were evicted and loaded onto special railway cars, including 91,250 Ingush." More than a third of the population died before the rest were allowed to go home.
     (SFEC, 2/20/00, p.A32)(WSJ, 9/12/02, p.A8)(WSJ, 2/23/04, p.A16)

1953        After Stalin’s death the Chechens were allowed to return home.
    (SFC, 2/25/97, p.a14)

1957        Khrushchev allowed the Chechens back to the Caucasus and the Checheno-Ingush republic was set up.
    (SFC, 5/13/97, p.A12)

1991        Sep 6, Dzhokhar Dudayev, a retired Soviet air force general, led an ouster of Chechnya’s government. He was then elected president and declared independence.
    (SFC, 9/5/96, p.A10)

1991        Oct, Communist ruler Doku Zavgayev was overthrown and Gen’l. Dudayev won a disputed local election and declared independence.
    (SFC, 5/13/97, p.A12)

1991        Nov 2, Chechnya proclaimed independence following the collapse of the Soviet Union.
    (SSFC, 11/10/02, p.A11)

1992        Mar, Chechnya adopted a constitution that defined it as a secular state. Pres. Dzhokhar Dudayev led the independence movement.
    (SSFC, 11/10/02, p.A11)

1993        Dec 12, Russia adopted a new democratic constitution and began the war with Chechnya.
    (SFC, 12/27/96, p.B2)

1994        Mar, Sergei Stepashin was appointed as head of the new KGB. He later played a central role in sending troops into Chechnya.
    (SFC, 5/13/99, p.A16)

1994        Nov 26, A major offensive by the Russian-backed opposition failed to wrest Grozny, the capital of Chechnya from its government.
    (AP, 11/26/02)

1994        Nov 29, Fighter jets attacked the capital of Chechnya and its airport hours after Russian President Boris Yeltsin demanded the breakaway republic end its civil war.
    (AP, 11/29/99)

1994        Nov, Beslan Gantamirov took part in a failed Kremlin-backed attempt to overthrow Dzhokhar Dudayev.
    (SFC, 11/30/99, p.D1)

1994        Dec 11, Thousands of Russian troops backed by armored columns and jets rolled into breakaway republic of Chechnya in a bid to restore Moscow's control over the region. Russia under Yeltsin sent in troops to put down the Chechnya rebellion but met strong resistance and suffered heavy casualties. There was no attempt by Pres. Yeltsin to legitimize the military action in parliament.
    (SFC, 9/5/96, p.A10)(SFC, 12/26/96, p.B1)(SFC, 5/13/97, p.A12)(SFC, 9/9/98, p.A10) (AP, 12/11/99)

1994        Dec 31, Russian ground forces launched a ferocious assault on the Chechen capital of Grozny.
    (AP, 12/31/99)

1995        Jan 2, Chechen defenders drove Russian troops out of the capital of Grozny.
    (AP, 1/2/00)

1995        Jan 7, Major General Viktor Vorobyov, a senior commander leading Russian troops in their advance on the secessionist capital of Chechnya, was killed by a mortar shell.
    (AP, 1/7/00)

1995        Jan 8, Russian forces in Chechnya pounded the capital of Grozny with rocket and mortar fire in an attempt to scatter Chechen fighters defending the presidential palace.
    (AP, 1/8/00)

1995        Jan 10, Russia announced a 48-hour truce in breakaway Chechnya, but the cease-fire fell apart after a few hours.
    (AP, 1/10/00)

1995        Jan 14, Russian troops in the breakaway republic of Chechnya captured the Council of Ministers building, a key rebel position in the capital Grozny.
    (AP, 1/14/00)

1995        Jan 19, Russian troops regained control of the presidential palace in Grozny, the capital of the breakaway republic of Chechnya.
    (AP, 1/19/00)

1995        Mar 31, Fred Cuny (b.1944), American disaster relief specialist, disappeared in Chechnya and was never found. He used his training in engineering to do humanitarian work and worked in countries such as Biafra, Guatemala, Ethiopia, Iraq, Somalia, and Bosnia. Cuny (50), an envoy for George Soros' Open Society Institute, was shot and killed by Chechen gunmen. In 1999 Scott Anderson published "The Man Who Tried to Save the World: The Dangerous Life and Mysterious Disappearance of Fred Cuny."
    (http://www.onlineethics.org/cms/14193.aspx)(SFEC, 6/6/99, BR p.1)

1995        Jun 14, Shamil Basayev, Chechen commander, led a hostage raid on the a Russian hospital in Budyonnovsk [Budennovsk]. Chechen rebels took some 1,500 people hostage in a hospital in Russia. After a 4-day standoff Sergei Stepashin ordered troops to storm the hospital and the rebels escaped with some 100 hostages. Some 100-150 people were killed in the fighting.
    (SFC, 1/25/97, p.A8)(HN, 6/14/98)(SFC, 5/13/99, p.A16)(SSFC, 11/10/02, p.A11)

1995        Jun 17, Russian commandos stormed a hospital where Chechen rebels were holding more than 1,000 hostages, but the Chechens beat the Russians back.
    (AP, 6/17/00)

1995        Jun 19, Chechen rebels and more than 100 human shields rode a convoy of buses back to Chechnya following the end of a hostage drama at a Russian hospital.
    (AP, 6/19/00)

1995        Jul 30, Russia and Chechen rebels signed an agreement calling for a gradual withdrawal of Russian troops and the disarmament of rebel fighters.
    (AP, 7/30/00)

1995        Nov, The Kremlin appointed leader of the breakaway region, Doku Zavgayev, and several bodyguards were wounded by a bomb in the capital city of Grozny.
    (WSJ, 11/21/95, p.A-1)

1995        Dec 14, Heavy fighting erupts in Gudermes, Chechnya, when rebels disrupted Kremlin-imposed elections. At least 267 Chechen civilians were reported killed in the following 10 days.
    (AP, 12/14/02)

1995        Dec 31, Russian ground forces launched a ferocious assault on the Chechen capital of Grozny.
    (AP, 12/31/00)

1995        Dec, Another bomb exploded in Grozny outside the Russian Admin. Bldg. and killed 11 people and wounded more than 60.
    (WSJ, 12/5/95, p.A-1)

1995        Dec, Chechen separatists seek to block a vote called by the Moscow-installed government and seize parts of the Gudermes, the second-largest city. As many as 44 rebels are said to have been killed this week.
    (WSJ, 12/15/95, p.A-1) (WSJ, 12/19/95, p.A-1)

1995         Dec, Fighting in Chechnya killed 600, half civilians, during a heavy Russian assault on Gudermes.
    (WSJ, 12/26/95, p. A-1)

1995        Russian troops occupied Grozny and a puppet government was installed.
    (SFC, 11/30/99, p.D1)

1995        Arab guerrilla Khattab (d.2002) arrived in Chechnya.
    (SFC, 4/27/02, p.A10)

1996         Jan 9, Chechen rebels under Salman Raduyev seized hostages from a hospital in Kizlyar, Dagestan, a neighboring Russian republic. At least 40 people were killed.
    (WSJ, 1/10/96, p. A-12)(SFC, 7/17/99, p.A14)(WSJ, 3/13/00, p.A1)

1996        Jan 10, Chechen rebels seized as many as 3,000 hostages in the Russian Republic of Dagestan.
    (WSJ, 1/2/97, p.R2)
1996        Jan 10, Russian troops allowed a convoy of Chechen rebels and 160 hostages to head for Chechnya, then surrounded them in the village of Pervomayskaya. After a five-day standoff, Russian troops launched a massive military assault that resulted in the deaths of most of the rebels and some of the hostages.
    (AP, 1/10/01)

1996        Jan 12, Chechen fighters holding more than 100 hostages in the Russian village of Pervomayskaya freed about a dozen of their captives and pledged to release the rest if four top Russian officials took their place.
    (AP, 1/12/01)

1996        Jan 15, Risking the lives of more than 100 hostages in an effort to wipe out their Chechen rebel captors, the Russian military hurled rockets and shells at the tiny village of Pervomayskaya, at the border of Dagestan and Chechnya.
    (WSJ, 1/16/96, p. A-1)(AP, 1/15/01)

1996        Jan 16, Chechens hijacked a ferry with 165 passengers and crew from the Turkish port of Trabzon bound for the Russian city of Sochi. Gunmen in Trabzon, Turkey, hijacked a Black Sea ferry with more than 200 people on board, and demanded that Russian troops stop fighting Chechen rebels in Pervomayskaya. The hostages were released three days later after the Russian troops stormed Pervomaiskoye.
    (WSJ, 1/17/96, p.A-1)(AP, 1/16/01)   

1996        Jan 17, Russian forces unleashed a scorching barrage of rockets on Chechen rebels in Pervomayskaya.
    (AP, 1/17/01)

1996         Jan 22, The Chechen rebel leader escaped from Dagestan along with many fighters and hostages.
    (WSJ, 1/23/96, p.A-1)

1996        Feb. 23, Chechen rebels blew up a big gas pipeline in southern Chechnya. Russia was bringing in troops ahead of today’s anniversary of mass deportations of Chechens to Central Asia in World War II.
    (WSJ, 2/22/96, p.A-1)

1996        Feb, Yeltsin announced that the war in Chechnya was a mistake and began negotiations with rebels. Russian forces withdrew and Chechnya descended into lawlessness.
    (SSFC, 11/10/02, p.A11)

1996        Apr 16, Moscow said 70 of its soldiers were killed in a rebel ambush in Chechnya.
    (WSJ, 4/19/96, p.A-1)

1996        Apr 18, Pres. Yeltsin of Russia denied that there was a war in Chechnya while Russian TV showed Chechen rebels attacking a Russian military convoy. 26 soldiers were killed and 51 were wounded.
    (SFC, 4/18/96, p.a-14)

1996        Apr 25, Top Chechen officials confirmed that their leader, Dzhokar Dudayev, was killed in a Russian air strike. He was succeeded Zelimkhan Yandarbiyev.
    (WSJ, 4/25/96, p.A-1)(USAT, 9/2/04, p.13A)

1996        May, Chechen rebels shot down a Russian Su-25 fighter near the village of Mairtup. It was the 5th Russian plane downed since Dec. 1994.
    (SFC, 5/6/96, p.A-10)

1996        May 24, Chechen leader Zelimkhan Yandarbiyev and Russian Pres. Boris Yeltsin have agreed to hold peace talks.
    (SFC, 5/234/96, p.A14)

1996        May 27, Chechen leader Zelimkhan Yanderbiyev and Russian leader Boris Yeltsin agreed to a peace accord and prime minister Victor Chernomyrdin signed the agreement with Yanderbiyev.
    (SFC, 5/28/96, p.A1)

1996        May 29, Rebel commander Aslan Maskhadov sent a radio message to his forces to refrain from attacks on Russian soldiers. A power sharing plan defines Chechnya as a sovereign state within the Russian Federation, giving it control over its finances and resources.
    (SFC, 5/30/96, p.A8)

1996        Jun 9, In Russia a rebel spokesman said that the two sides have agreed on the withdrawal of Russian troops from Chechnya by the end of August.
    (SFC, 6/10/96, C2)

1996        Jun 11, A convoy of Chechen rebel leaders was blasted by remote control bombs while returning after negotiations with Russian counterparts.
    (SFC, 6/12/96, p.A10)

1996        Jun 12, Chechnya’s pro-Moscow government refused to postpone elections for the local parliament as called for in the recent peace talks.
    (SFC, 6/13/96, p.C2)

1996        Jun 28, Russian troops began to pull out from Chechnya.
    (SFC, 6/29/96, p.A13)

1996        Jul 9, The pre-election truce in Chechnya was shattered and the war resumed.
    (WSJ, 7/10/96, p.A1)

1996        Aug 5, Chechen rebels began a new raid and seized much of Grozny by the next day.
    (SFC, 8/14/96, p.A10)

1996        Aug 11, Pres. Yeltsin appointed Alexander Lebed as his pres. envoy to Chechnya.
    (WSJ, 8/12/96, p.A9)

1996        Aug 27, Russian and Chechen military commanders signed the Khasavyurt Accords, an agreement for military disengagement.
    (SFC, 8/28/96, p.A8)(USAT, 9/2/04, p.13A)

1996        Sep 3, In Russia Alexander Lebed said that about 80,000 people had died in the fighting in Chechnya during the 21 months of the war.
    (SFC, 4/9/96, A10)

1996        Nov 23, In Russia Pres. Yeltsin ordered all troops withdrawn from Chechnya by Jan 27, when elections would be held.
    (SFEC, 11/24/96, p.A14)

1996        Dec 17, Six Red Cross workers were slain in their sleep and a 7th was wounded by as many as 15 attackers in Chechnya. The Red Cross immediately suspended all operations in Chechnya.
    (SFC, 12/18/96, p.A1)(AP, 12/17/97)

1996        Dzhokar Dudayev led Chechnya.
    (WSJ, 4/1/96, p.A-10)

1997        Jan 21, Elections for president were planned and Aslan Maskhadov and Shamil Basayev led the 16 candidates. Ichkeria was name given to free Chechnya by the Muslim separatists.
    (SFC, 1/22/96, p.A9)

1997        Jan 28, Aslan Maskhadov claim victory in the Chechen elections.
    (SFC, 1/29/97, p.A6)

1997        Apr 28, A bomb in southern Russia killed one person and injured 17 at a train station in Pyatigorsk. It was the 2nd bombing in a week and Chechen rebels were blamed.
    (WSJ, 4/29/97, p.A1)

1997        May 12, Russia and Chechnya signed a peace treaty. The treaty refers to Chechnya as the “Chechen Republic of Ichkeria,” and says that it is subject to international law.
    (SFC, 5/13/97, p.A12)

1997        Jun 9, Chechen Pres. Aslan Maskhadov dissolved secular courts and left only Islamic tribunals in charge of the legal system. Islamic banks were scheduled as well as a conversion from a Latin to Arabic letters.
    (SFC, 6/10/97, p.A16)

1997        Jul, Camilla Carr and Jon James, British charity workers for a Quaker relief organization, were taken hostage in Chechnya. The were released Sep 20, 1998.
    (SFC, 9/21/98, p.A13)

1997        Oct 22, Relief workers Istvan Olah and Gabor Dunajsky of Hungary were captured and held as hostages in Chechnya. They were released in July, 1998.
    (SFC, 7/27/98, p.A10)

1997        Lyoma Usmanov came to the US and stayed on as the Chechen representative. He later authored "Unbroken Chechnya."
    (SFC, 11/26/99, p.A22)

1998        Jan 1, The Chechen president asked Shamil Basayev to form a government.
    (WSJ, 1/2/98, p.A1)

1998        Jan 15, A cabinet reshuffle left Shamil Basayev in charge of the government. Russia still held him subject to arrest. He served 6 months as prime minister and failed to crack down on lawlessness, kidnapping and violence.
    (WSJ, 1/16/98, p.A1)(SFC, 8/13/99, p.A14)

1998        Feb 21, Guerrilla leader Salman Raduyev was warmly greeted at the congress of veterans by some 10,000 veterans of the 1994-1996 war in Grozny.
    (SFC, 2/23/98, p.A12)

1998        Feb 22, Guerrilla leader Salman Raduyev announced a reconciliation with the Chechen leadership.
    (SFC, 2/23/98, p.A12)

1998        Apr 16, A Russian army convoy was ambushed near the Chechnya border. A general, 2 colonels and 3 soldiers were killed and Chechen militants were blamed.
    (WSJ, 4/17/98, p.A1)

1998        May, Valentin Vlasov, a personal envoy of Boris Yeltsin, was kidnapped. He was released Nov. 13.
    (SFC, 12/10/98, p.C8)

1998        Jun 21, The Chechen security chief, Lecha Khulygov, and a guerrilla commander, Vakha Dzhafarov, fatally shot each other in an argument over a demonstration by rebel supporters.
    (SFC, 6/22/98, p.A10)

1998        Jul 16, In Gudermes, Chechnya, fighting broke out and over 50 people were reported killed in a battle between Chechen security forces and Muslim Wahabist paramilitary, a conservative arm of Sunni Islam.
    (SFC, 7/17/98, p.A16)

1998        Jul 23, In Chechnya Pres. Aslan Maskhadov received minor injuries from an assassination attempt in Grozny that killed 2 bodyguards. He had been cracking down on organized crime and Muslim militants.
    (SFC, 7/24/98, p.D2)(WSJ, 7/24/98, p.A1)

1998        Jul 27, It was reported that 2 Hungarian relief workers held as hostages in Chechnya since Oct 22 were released the previous week.
    (SFC, 7/27/98, p.A10)

1998        Sep 29, Akmal Saidov, a Russian government representative, was kidnapped in Chechnya. His body was found Oct 3.
    (SFC, 12/10/98, p.C8)

1998        Oct 3, In Chechnya 4 men working to install a cellular phone system were kidnapped by 20 men. The severed heads Darren Hickey, Rudolf Petschi, Stanley Shaw  and Peter Kennedy were found Dec 8. Their bodies were found Dec 26 in Chernorechiye.
    (SFC, 10/5/98, p.A9)(SFC, 12/9/98, p.A9)(SFC, 12/28/98, p.B1)

1998        Oct 25, In Chechnya Shadid Bargishev (27), the top anti-kidnapping official, was killed in a remote-controlled car bombing. He was about as to begin a major offensive on hostage takers.
    (SFC, 10/26/98, p.A7)

1998        Dec 7, In Chechnya a rescue attempt was made to free the 4 men kidnapped Oct 3. The action led to the murder of the 4 men whose severed heads were found the next day.
    (SFC, 12/9/98, p.A9)

1998        Dec 8, The severed heads Darren Hickey, Rudolf Petschi, Stanley Shaw  and Peter Kennedy were found lines up along a highway outside of Grozny.
    (SFC, 12/10/98, p.C8)
 
1998        Dec 10, Mansur Tagirov, Chechnya’s top prosecutor, disappeared while returning to Grozny.
    (SFC, 12/12/98, p.B1)

1998        Carlotta Gall and Thomas de Waal wrote “Chechnya: Calamity in the Caucasus,” and Anatol Lieven wrote “Chechnya: Tombstone of Russian Power.”
    (WSJ, 6/9/98, p.A16)

1999        Jan 1-1999 Jun 30, At least 1,094 people were abducted in and around Chechnya during this period. Kidnapped Chechens and civilians from Dagestan were not recorded.
    (SFC, 8/3/99, p.A9) 

1999        Jan 10, In Chechnya Pres. Aslan Maskhadov planned to adopt a constitution based on the Koran and phase in sharia law over 3 years.
    (SFC, 1/11/99, p.A10)(USAT, 9/2/04, p.13A)

1999        Mar 21, In Chechnya one person was killed as a bomb exploded in the motorcade of Pres. Maskhadov.
    (SFC, 3/22/99, p.A10)

1999        Mar, Maj. Gen. Gennadi Shpigun, Russian envoy, was kidnapped in Grozny. His remains were found a year later in the village of Itum-Kale.
    (SFC, 6/15/00, p.A15)

1999        Apr 7, Chechen gunmen killed 4 Russian policemen patrolling the border near Stavropol.
    (WSJ, 4/8/99, p.A1)

1999        Jun 18, In Chechnya the worst fighting in months broke out as Chechen fighters attacked Russian border posts in Dagestan. 7 men were killed and 15 wounded in separate confrontations.
    (SFC, 6/19/99, p.A10)

1999        Jun 29, In Chechnya Russian security forces freed Herbert Gregg (51), an American missionary kidnapped over 7 months ago. Part of his index finger had been cut off in an attempt to extort ransom.
    (SFC, 6/30/99, p.A8)

1999        Jul 5, Russian troops attacked some 150 militants in Chechnya about this time and a number of people were killed.
    (WSJ, 7/6/99, p.A1)

1999        Aug 7, Islamic fighters based in Chechnya seized at least 2 village in Dagestan. Warlords Shamil Basayev and Wahabi commander Amir Khattab (Hattab) were reported to be involved. This triggered the second Chechen war. The Wahabis are a puritan branch of Sunni Islam founded in the 18th century in Saudi Arabia.
    (SFEC, 8/8/99, p.A20)(Econ, 4/9/11, p.28)

1999        Sep 6, In Dagestan Russian forces used artillery and air power against rebel guerrillas and 2 dozen people were killed on the Chechen side of the border. Fighting in NoIvolakskoye left 14 soldiers dead.
    (SFC, 9/7/99, p.A12)

1999        Sep 18, Russian forces attacked rebel targets in Chechnya to prevent guerrilla raids in Dagestan.
    (SFEC, 9/19/99, p.A1)

1999        Sep 22, A bombing attempt was made in Ryazan, western Russia. The people arrested were not Chechens and later pronounced to be Russian secret service on a training exercise.
    (SFC, 11/26/99, p.A22)

1999        Sep 23, In Chechnya Russian fighter jets bombed targets in and around Grozny. The Chechen government said that it does not support Islamic militants and that it would retaliate against Russian attacks on its territory.
    (SFC, 9/24/99, p.A16)

1999        Sep 24, In Chechnya tens of thousands of civilians fled Grozny as Russian planes continued to bomb the capital to wipe out Islamic militants accused of terrorizing Russia.
    (SFC, 9/25/99, p.A13)

1999        Sep 25, In Chechnya Russian warplanes knocked out local TV and mobile phones and forced thousands of civilians to flee Grozny. 7 people were reported killed and 24 wounded. An estimated 100,000 crowded the border crossing to Ingushetia.
    (SFEC, 9/26/99, p.A23)

1999        Sep 27, In Chechnya Russian jets dropped bombs for a 5th day and thousands of civilians fled to towns and villages in the region. Some 300 people were reported killed in the air strikes around Grozny.
    (SFC, 9/28/99, p.A1)

1999        Sep 28, In Chechnya 8 people were killed when a schoolhouse was bombed on the 6th day of Russian air attacks. Some 60,000 people had reportedly fled to the neighboring regions of Ingushetia, Dagestan, North Ossetia and Stavropol.
    (SFC, 9/29/99, p.A12)

1999        Sep 29, Russia demanded that Chechnya condemn terrorism and extradite the criminals responsible for the bombings in Russia.
    (SFC, 9/30/99, p.A14)

1999        Sep 30, Russian troops began a ground offensive into Chechnya aimed at creating a buffer zone to block the infiltration of Chechen guerrillas.
    (SFC, 10/1/99, p.D5)

1999        Sep, Tamerlan Khasaev and fellow Chechens under orders killed 6 Russian conscripts who had surrendered. The killings were videotaped.
    (WSJ, 7/23/02, p.A12)

1999        Oct 1, In Russia Prime Minister Putin cut ties with the elected government of Chechnya.
    (SFC, 10/2/99, p.A12)

1999        Oct 2, Russian troops engaged Chechen guerrilla defenders as armored columns rolled into the villages of Alpatova and Chernokosova.
    (SFEC, 10/3/99, p.A22)

1999        Oct 4, In Russia Prime Minister Putin planned to resettle thousands of Chechens in areas under Russian control, an indication that Moscow planned to split Chechnya in two. Chechen fighters shot down a Russian Sukhoi-24 warplane that was searching for another downed plane.
    (SFC, 10/5/99, p.A10)(SFC, 10/6/99, p.A10)

1999        Oct 5, In Chechnya Russian troops seized the northern third of the country. A suspected Russian artillery shell hit a busload of people and killed 40 people, mostly women and children.
    (SFC, 10/6/99, p.A10)(SFC, 10/8/99, p.A12)

1999        Oct 6, The Chechen president called for a holy war against Russia.
    (WSJ, 10/7/99, p.A1)

1999        Oct 7, In Chechnya Russian planes bombed the village of Elistanzhi and 32 people were reported killed with 60 injured and 200 houses destroyed.
    (SFC, 10/9/99, p.A10)

1999        Oct 11, In Chechnya more people fled Russian attacks and Moscow rebuffed a peace overture and demanded that Islamic militants be handed over before any peace settlement.
    (WSJ, 10/12/99, p.A1)

1999        Oct 14, In Chechnya the Russians pressed an offensive below the Terek River as the Chechens rallied in Grozny.
    (WSJ, 10/15/99, p.A1)

1999        Oct 15, The Russians bombarded Goragorsky, Chechnya.
    (SFC, 10/20/99, p.B4)

1999        Oct 21, In Chechnya Russian rockets hit and market and 2 other sites in Grozny and as many as 140 people were killed.
    (SFC, 10/22/99, p.A1)(SFC, 10/23/99, p.A10)

1999        Oct 24, In Chechnya Russian artillery and jet bombers killed at least 27 people during a dawn attack at Serzhen-Yurt. Over the weekend the Chechen-Ingush border was sealed.
    (SFC, 10/25/99, p.A12)(SFC, 10/29/99, p.D4)

1999        Oct 27, In Chechnya Russian warplanes and artillery closed in on Grozny and 100 people were killed and some 200 wounded.
    (SFC, 10/28/99, p.A12)

1999        Oct 28, Russian soldiers battled Chechen fighters for control of Yastrebinaya Hill, which overlooked Grozny. Chechen Pres. Makhashev said that 223 civilians had been killed in the last 2 days.
    (SFC, 10/29/99, p.D4)

1999        Oct 29, In Chechnya Russian warplanes and artillery launched fierce strikes and 25 refugees were killed while trying to flee the assaults.
    (SFC, 10/30/99, p.A12)(SFEC, 10/31/99, p.A26)

1999        Nov 4, Russia allowed thousands of refugees to flee Chechnya and the crossing at the Sleptsovskaya border reached 500 people per hour.
    (SFC, 11/5/99, p.D3)

1999        Nov 7, In Chechnya Russian soldiers dislodged rebels in Bamut. 38 civilians were reported killed along with 28 Chechen fighters.
    (SFC, 11/8/99, p.C14)

1999        Nov 12, In Chechnya Russian forces took control of Gudermes and proposed to move the capital there from Grozny.
    (SFC, 11/13/99, p.A10)

1999        Nov 18, The UN high commissioner for refugees, Sadako Ogata, visited Chechen refugee camps in Ingushetia. Some 215,000 refugees had fled Russian attacks.
    (SFC, 11/19/99, p.A18)
1999        Nov 18, Pres. Clinton at a conference in Turkey of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe urged Pres. Yeltsin to stop the bombing and rocket attacks in Chechnya.
    (SFC, 11/19/99, p.A1)

1999        Nov 21, In Chechnya some 5,000 rebels barricaded themselves in Grozny in preparation for a Russian offensive.
    (SFC, 11/22/99, p.A12)

1999        Nov 25, In Chechnya Russian forces fired hundreds of rockets into Grozny in its fiercest assault in the 3-month offensive.
    (SFC, 11/26/99, p.A20)

1999        Nov 26, Russian commanders announced that they would begin pursuing Chechen guerrilla forces into their mountain hideouts.
    (SFC, 11/27/99, p.A1)

1999        Nov 27, In Chechnya residents reported 260 civilian deaths in Grozny since the beginning of Russian assaults 2 days earlier.
    (SFEC, 11/28/99, p.A19)

1999        Nov, The Kremlin appointed Beslan Gantamirov (36) as head of the pro-Moscow Chechen State Council. Gantamirov was just pardoned by Pres. Yeltsin and released from a 6-year sentence for embezzling federal funds to rebuild Chechnya in 1995-96.
    (SFC, 11/30/99, p.D1)

1999        Dec 3, In Chechnya some 250 Russian soldiers were reported killed by rebels south of Grozny. Separately as many as 40 Chechen civilians were killed when Russian troops fired on a refugee convoy.
    (SFC, 12/4/99, p.A12)

1999        Dec 4, Russian troops pillaged the Alkhan-Yurt village 10 miles southwest of Grozny and killed 17 civilians.
    (SFC, 12/23/99, p.A14)

1999        Dec 6, In Chechnya Russian planes dropped leaflets warning civilians in Grozny to leave or face heavy air and artillery strikes on Dec 11.
    (SFC, 12/7/99, p.A1)

1999        Dec 8, In Chechnya Russian forces ousted rebels from Urus-Martan.
    (SFC, 12/9/99, p.A16)

1999        Dec 11, In Chechnya Russian forces halted attacks on Grozny to give an estimated 10-40,000 civilians a chance to leave. An estimated 4,000 rebel fighters were holed up there.
    (SFEC, 12/12/99, p.A26)

1999        Dec 15, In Chechnya at least 115 Russian soldiers were killed by rocket propelled grenades fired by Chechen guerrillas in Grozny.
    (SFC, 12/16/99, p.A1)(SFC, 12/17/99, p.A12)

1999        Dec 17, Russian soldiers in Ingushetia attempted to tow 100 rail cars of Chechen refugees back to Chechnya. Refugees blocked the tracks and after a standoff 36 cars were towed back with some 100 willing Chechens.
    (SFC, 12/22/99, p.C4)

1999        Dec 25, Russian forces launched an attack on Grozny led by 700 pro-Moscow Chechen volunteers.
    (SFEC, 12/26/99, p.A1)

1999        Dec 31, Russia’s Pres. Yeltsin (68) announced his resignation and handed power over to PM Putin. Yeltsin approved a law just before resigning that required presidential candidates to collect 1 million registered signatures to win a place on the next ballet. Putin flew to Chechnya and vowed to pursue terrorists everywhere.
    (SFC, 1/1/00, p.A1)(SFC, 1/3/00, p.A9)(Econ, 3/1/08, p.54)

1999-2005    It was estimated that 3,000 to 5,000 people disappeared in Chechnya over this period. A third due to masked Russian forces and the rest from Chechen “security.”
    (Econ, 3/26/05, p.53)

2000        Jan 7, Russia announced a suspension of aerial bombardment in Grozny to allow civilians to escape. A military shakeup was also announced.
    (SFC, 1/800, p.A1)

2000        Jan 9, In Chechnya rebels attacked Russian positions in Argun, Shali and Gudermes as Russia continued a bombing halt for the Orthodox Christmas.
    (SFC, 1/10/00, p.A10)

2000        Jan 16, In Chechnya Russian warplanes bombarded the area around Grozny and federal forces reported 120 rebels killed. Islamic militants reported at least 18 civilians killed.
    (SFC, 1/17/00, p.A10)

2000        Jan 17, Russian aircraft and artillery bombed Grozny with a record number of attacks.
    (SFC, 1/18/00, p.A8)

2000        Jan 18, In Chechnya Russian troops began moving through the streets of Grozny in the most intense ground attack in 4 months.
    (SFC, 1/19/00, p.A1)
2000        Jan 18, In Chechnya Russian Gen. Mikhail Malofeyev went missing in Grozny following an ambush and rebel commanders later reported that they had him captured.
    (SFC, 1/21/00, p.A12)

2000        Jan 22, In Chechnya Russian forces claimed control over a third of Grozny. Russian commander Viktor Kazantsev said Pres. Aslan Maskhadov was wounded in fighting in the Argun Gorge.
    (SFEC, 1/23/00, p.A27)

2000        Jan 23, In Chechnya rebels ambushed Russian troops in Staraya Sunzha village and 8 soldiers were killed. The body of Gen. Mikhail Malofeyev was found in Grozny. A Chechen commander denied reports that Pres. Maskhadov was wounded.
    (SFC, 1/24/00, p.A7)

2000        Jan 25, The Russian government announced that 1,055 servicemen had been killed and 3,206 wounded in Chechnya since Oct 1.
    (SFC, 1/27/00, p.A13)

2000        Feb 1, In Chechnya rebel fighters suffered heavy losses to Russian troops and some 2000 broke out of Grozny to rejoin fellow rebels in the south. Some 600 rebels were killed or wounded when they crossed a Russian mine field following a $100,000 proposed bribe. Commanders Shamil Basayev, Aslanbek Ismailov and Khunkar-Pasha Israpilov were among the dead.
    (SFC, 2/2/00, p.A14)(SFC, 2/5/00, p.A10)

2000        Feb 4, Russians forces began bombing Katyr Yurt after Chechen rebels arrived from Grozny. The bombing lasted for 2 days, well after the rebels fled, and at least 170 civilians were killed. Later reports said 343 refugees were killed.
    (SFC, 2/15/00, p.A13)(WSJ, 3/6/00, p.A1)

2000        Feb 5, In Chechnya the Human Rights Watch group said it had documented 22 cases in which Grozny residents were killed by Russian soldiers. Another 14 cases were under investigation. Later reports indicated 82 civilians were killed by Russian mercenaries (kontraktniki).
    (SFEC, 2/6/00, p.A25)(SFC, 2/22/00, p.A9)

2000        Feb 6, In Russia acting Pres. Putin announced that federal forces had scored a major victory in Chechnya.
    (SFC, 2/7/00, p.A1)

2000        Feb 7, In Chechnya Russian forces reported that hundreds of rebels had been killed over the last 2 days near the villages of Katyr-Yurt and Shaami-Yurt.
    (SFC, 2/8/00, p.A14)

2000        Feb 8, In Chechnya rebels attacked 2 Russian military trains and set off a large battle.
    (WSJ, 2/11/00, p.A1)

2000        Feb 14, In Chechnya Russian commanders ordered Grozny sealed and its population evacuated in order to clear bombs and booby-traps. Oleg Blotsky, a Russian journalist, made a video tape of dead Chechens at Roshni-Chu and Urus-Martan. The video was given to N24, a German TV station, and broadcast on Feb 25.
    (SF, 2/15/00, p.A12)(SFC, 2/26/00, p.A10)

2000        Feb 17, In Russian Vladimir Putin named Vladimir Kalamanov, the head of the migration service, to look into allegations of torture, rape and executions by Russian soldiers against Chechen civilians.
    (SFC, 2/19/00, p.A10)

2000        Feb 18, In Chechnya rebels shot down a Russian helicopter and 15 men were killed.
    (SFEC, 2/20/00, p.A32)

2000        Feb 29, In Chechnya 84 Russian paratroopers were killed after rebels attacked a guard post near Ulus Kert. Most of the soldiers were from Pskov. Many were suspected to have died from Russian artillery called in after the position was overrun.
    (SFC, 3/11/00, p.A12)

2000        Mar 2, In Chechnya rebels ambushed Russian troops outside Grozny and killed at least 20 police commandos.
    (SFC, 3/4/00, p.A1)

2000        Mar 6, In Chechnya some 30 rebels held positions at Komsomolskoye's mosque under Russian shelling. 50 Russian troops were reported killed in the last 2 days.
    (SFC, 3/7/00, p.A14)

2000        Mar 12, In Russia agents captured Salman Raduyev, a Chechen warlord.
    (SFC, 3/14/00, p.A8)

2000        Mar 20, Natalya Estemirova (1959-2009), Chechen rights activist, went to the village of Aldi and counted 47 victims.
    (Econ, 7/18/09, p.24)

2000        Mar 26, Russian Col. Yuri Budanov and 3 soldiers seized Elza (Heda) Kungayeva (18) and strangled her to death following a pummeling and sexual assault. She was believed to be a Chechen rebel sniper. In 2001 Budanov faced a trial and in 2002 he was ruled temporarily insane.
    (SSFC, 3/18/01, p.D5)(SFC, 1/1/03, p.A9)

2000        Mar 29, In Chechnya rebels ambushed Russian troops and left 4 dead and 18 wounded. 27 men were missing.
    (WSJ, 3/31/00, p.A1)

2000        Apr 1, In Chechnya Russian soldiers found 33 of their missing comrades. 32 were dead and booby-trapped from the Mar 30 rebel attack.
    (SFEC, 4/2/00, p.A20)

2000        Apr 20, In Chechnya Pres. Maskhadov told a Russian news agency that he had declared a unilateral cease-fire. Maskhadov later said his remarks meant that fighting would stop only if both sides agreed to stop fighting and negotiate a settlement.
    (WSJ, 4/21/00, p.A1)(SFC, 4/25/00, p.A10)

2000        Apr 22, In Chechnya guerrillas attacked a Russian convoy and killed 15 soldiers near Serzhen-Yurt.
    (SFC, 4/25/00, p.A10)

2000        Apr 26, In Chechnya Russian troops were ambushed near Serzhen-Yurt. 17 rebels and 10 Russians were reported killed.
    (SFC, 4/28/00, p.D3)

2000        Apr 29, In Chechnya Alman Mesiyev, the mayor of Khattuni, was shot at close range by rebels for cooperating with Russian troops.
    (SFC, 5/4/00, p.A16)

2000        May 3, Russian troops ambushed a Chechen rebel band and killed at least 18 men.
    (WSJ, 5/5/00, p.A1)

2000        May 10, Chechnya rebels claimed to have trapped a Russian unit and killed 34 soldiers with 4 rebels dead. Russian officials denied the claim.
    (SFC, 5/11/00, p.A24)

2000        May 11, Chechen rebels ambushed a Russian troop convoy west of Chechnya and killed 18 soldiers.
    (SFC, 5/12/00, p.D3)

2000        May 12, In Chechnya Russian forces staged two ambush attacks on rebels and claimed 41 killed.
    (SFC, 5/13/00, p.A9)

2000        May 31, Sergei Zveryev, Russia’s 2nd highest official in the area, was killed by a remote controlled bomb in Grozny. Grozny’s Mayor Supyan Makhchayev was injured and his assistant was also killed.
    (SFC, 6/1/00, p.A16)

2000        May, Pres. Putin declared direct rule over Chechnya from Moscow. Former Chechen cleric Akhmad Kadyrov was appointed as administrative head.
    (USAT, 9/2/04, p.13A)
2000        May, Russian security arrested Ruslan Alikhadzhiyev, a Chechen parliamentary speaker in Shali. In Sept. it was reported that Alikhadzhiyev was missing and had reportedly been killed following torture.
    (SFC, 9/6/00, p.A10)

2000        Jun 7, In Chechnya a suicide attack killed 2 Russian policemen and wounded 5 in Alkhan-Yurt.
    (WSJ, 6/8/00, p.A1)

2000        Jun 8, In Russia Pres. Putin took personal control over Chechnya. A provisional government was planned headed by a Kremlin-appointed official.
    (SFC, 6/9/00, p.A14)

2000        Jun 12, Akhmad Kadyrov, a Muslim cleric, was appointed by Pres. Putin to head the administration in Chechnya.
    (SFC, 6/13/00, p.A10)

2000        Jun 16, In Chechnya Umar Idrisov, a Muslim leader, was shot and killed by attackers following a sermon for peace. 2 Chechen police officers working for Russian authorities were found beheaded.
    (SFC, 6/17/00, p.A10)

2000        Jun 21, In Chechnya 2 Russian soldiers were killed and 2 wounded in a rebel ambush near Mesker-Yurt.
    (SFC, 6/23/00, p.A20)

2000        Jun 25, In Russia the military declared that air and artillery attacks in Chechnya had been suspended.
    (SFC, 6/26/00, p.A10)

2000        Jun 27, In Chechnya 2 days of fighting left 12 Russians dead and up to 60 rebels killed according to Russian officials.
    (SFC, 6/29/00, p.C6)

2000        Jun 30, In Chechnya Russian Gen. Gennady Troshev said that a 5-day firefight at Serzhen-Yurt was over and that over 100 rebels were killed.
    (SFC, 7/1/00, p.A13)

2000        Jul 2, Chechen rebels staged 5 suicide attacks against Russian forces. One bomb killed 31 elite OMON police troops as they slept in their barracks at Argun.
    (SFC, 7/4/00, p.A8)

2000        Jul 19, In Chechnya 7 Russian servicemen were killed in 4 Russian-controlled areas.
    (SFC, 7/21/00, p.B10)

2000        Jul 21, Four Russian soldiers were killed when a land mine blew up their truck in the Shali region of Chechnya.
    (SFC, 7/22/00, p.C1)

2000        Jul 27, In Chechnya 74 bodies, mostly men, were removed from a mass grave near Tangi-Chu. As many as 80 more remained.
    (SFC, 7/28/00, p.A12)

2000        Aug 4, It was reported that the war in Chechnya had killed 2,508 Russian soldiers since 8/2/99. A mother’s group put the figure up to 6,000.
    (WSJ, 8/4/00, p.A1)
2000        Aug 4, Russia reported that Chechen rebels had decapitated 2 Russian colonels, who had been seized earlier in the Vedeno region.
    (SFC, 8/5/00, p.C1)

2000        Aug 6, Russian officials reported that scores of rebels were killed in weekend artillery attacks outside Grozny, Chechnya, following warnings of a possible rebel offensive. As many as 160 insurgents were reported killed.
    (SFC, 8/7/00, p.A12)(SFC, 8/8/00, p.A12)

2000        Aug 7, Chechen rebels claimed 11 Russian soldiers in a military convoy were killed by a remote controlled mine.
    (SFC, 8/8/00, p.A12)

2000        Aug 16, In Chechnya 2 civilians were killed when rebels blew up a police car in Grozny.
    (SFC, 8/18/00, p.D6)

2000        Aug 18, Chechen rebels killed 8 Russian soldiers in several attacks on checkpoints and roadblocks.
    (SFC, 8/19/00, p.A10)

2000        Sep 7, Four Russian soldiers were killed in a rebel ambush in Grozny.
    (SFC, 9/9/00, p.A12)

2000        Sep 12, A truck bomb killed a woman and her daughter in the Oktyabrsky market in Grozny.
    (SFC, 9/14/00, p.C7)

2000        Sep 17, Chechen attackers gunned down Col. Shamil Azayev, deputy chief of police in Vedeno.
    (SFC, 9/18/00, p.A9)

2000        Sep 28, Russian troops reportedly killed Isa Munayev, a Chechen rebel military commander.
    (SFC, 10/4/00, p.A12)

2000        Oct 8, Chechen rebels crossed into Ingushetia and attacked a police patrol. 2 officers were killed and 3 wounded.
    (SFC, 10/9/00, p.A11)

2000        Oct 9, Three Russian soldiers were shot to death in Urus-Martan, Chechnya.
    (SFC, 10/10/00, p.A13)

2000        Oct 12, A car bomb exploded outside a Grozny police stations and at least 10 people were killed.
    (SFC, 10/13/00, p.D3)

2000        Oct 17, It was reported that mines planted by Chechen rebels killed 4 Russian soldiers.
    (SFC, 10/18/00, p.A26)

2000        Oct 24, In Chechnya 13 Russian soldiers died from rebel mines and attacks and 24 were wounded.
    (SFC, 10/25/00, p.A16)

2000        Nov 1, Chechen rebels killed 14 Russian soldiers in a series of raids.
    (WSJ, 11/2/00, p.A1)

2000        Nov 19, 7 Russian soldiers were killed and 10 wounded in some 2 dozen attacks by Chechen rebels.
    (SFC, 11/20/00, p.A10)

2000        Nov 23, 4 Russian soldiers were killed and 18 wounded in a series of Chechen rebel attacks.
    (SFC, 11/24/00, p.D8)

2000        Nov 28, A 55-nation European security meeting failed to make a tough declaration on Chechnya amid Russian objections.
    (WSJ, 11/29/00, p.A1)

2000        Dec 3, In Chechnya rebels struck numerous  check points and at least 13 Russian soldiers were killed.
    (SFC, 12/5/00, p.A16)

2000        Dec 9, Two Chechen rebel car bombs killed at least 19 people in Alkhan-Yurt.
    (SSFC, 12/10/00, p.C5)

2000        Dec 16, A series of Chechen rebel attacks killed 16 Russian soldiers. A Chechen family of 4 was shot to death in Alkhan-Kala by unidentified assailants.
    (SSFC, 12/17/00, p.D11)(SFC, 12/19/00, p.B4)

2000        Dec 17, In Chechnya a rebel attack killed 3 Russian soldiers. A shootout with rebels in Grozny left 2 police officers and 2 rebels dead.
    (SFC, 12/19/00, p.B4)(SFC, 12/18/00, p.E6)

2000        Dec 20, In Chechnya 6 students and an instructor from the university in Grozny were killed by mortar fire from Russian soldiers. One soldier was killed and 4 injured.
    (SFC, 12/21/00, p.C6)(SFC, 12/26/00, p.C4)

2000        Dec 29, In Chechnya 14 Russian soldiers were killed. Russian troops averaged a loss of 200 men per month in Chechnya.
    (SFC, 1/1/01, p.A10)

2001        Jan 9, Kenny Gluck, a US aid worker, was kidnapped in Chechnya and a 2nd was wounded.
    (WSJ, 1/11/01, p.A1)

2001        Jan 21, Chechen rebels fought street battles in Gudermes following weekend raids that left 6 Russian soldiers dead.
    (WSJ, 1/22/01, p.A1)

2001        Jan 22, In Russia Pres. Putin put his domestic security agency in charge of the war effort in Chechnya.
    (SFC, 1/23/01, p.C3)

2001        Jan 24, In Chechnya 14 Russian soldiers were killed.
    (WSJ, 1/25/01, p.A1)

2001        Feb 14, In Chechnya rebels opened fire on Russian positions and 12 Russian soldiers were killed.
    (SFC, 2/15/01, p.A16)

2001        Feb 18, Chechen rebels blew a Russian troop train of its tracks and 3 people were killed.
    (WSJ, 2/21/01, p.A1)

2001        Feb 21, Some 50 bodies began to be uncovered across from a Russian military base at Zdorovye, Chechnya.
    (SFC, 4/14/01, p.A8)

2001        Feb 25, Russian military officials promised to investigate a recently discovered grave in Chechnya that contained 11 to several score Chechens with many of the bodies mined. 48 bodies of men, women and children were found with gun shot wounds. They had been dumped over the course of a year.
    (SFC, 2/26/01, p.A10)(SFC, 3/3/01, p.A12)

2001        Mar 15, Chechen rebels hijacked a Russian plane with 174 people after it left Turkey. They forced a landing in Medina.
    (SFC, 3/16/01, p.A14)

2001        Mar 16, In Saudi Arabia Saudi commandos freed over 100 hijacked hostages held by Chechen rebels in a Russian plane. 3 people were killed including a hijacker, a flight attendant and a passenger.
    (SFC, 3/17/01, p.A10)

2001        Mar 18, Chechen rebels killed at least 21 Russian troops.
    (WSJ, 3/19/01, p.A1)

2001        Mar 24, In southern Russia near Chechnya car bombs killed 21 people and wounded over 140. Chechen separatists were blamed.
    (SSFC, 3/25/01, p.C1)

2001        Apr 17, A Chechen herdsman, Khozh-Akmed Alsultanov (44) was killed with his 3 children in Nazran, an area surrounded by Russian forces.
    (SFC, 4/25/01, p.A8)

2001        Apr 22, In Turkey pro-Chechen gunmen seized at least 30 hostages at a luxury hotel in Istanbul.
    (SFC, 4/23/01, p.A8)

2001        Apr 26, Chechen rebel fighting killed at least 17 Russian soldiers and wounded 28.
    (SFC, 4/27/01, p.D4)

2001        May 7, In Chechnya a 2-day fight around Argun left at least 15 Russian soldiers dead.
    (SFC, 5/9/01, p.C5)

2001        Jun 18, Russian authorities reported that 19 servicemen were detained on suspicion of killing civilians in Chechnya. 7-8 civilians were recently killed near Pobedenskoye.
    (SFC, 6/19/01, p.A9)

2001        Jun 25, Russia claimed to have killed Arbi Barayev, a top Chechen rebel commander, in a week-long offensive near Grozny. At least 17 rebels were killed. Movladi Udagov, a Chechen leader, said 150 federal soldiers were killed along with 60 civilians from a massive Russian bombardment.
    (WSJ, 6/25/01, p.A1)(SFC, 6/26/01, p.A9)

 2001        Jun 26, In Chechnya Russian troops claimed to have killed at least 30 rebels near the Georgian border.
    (WSJ, 6/27/01, p.A1)

2001        Jul 3-4, A Russian roundup operation sent an estimated 26,000 Chechen refugees fleeing to Ingushetia. Lt. Gen. Vladimir Moltenskoi, acting commander of Russian forces, later acknowledged that his troops committed widespread crimes during the operation.
    (SFC, 7/10/01, p.A8)(SFC, 7/12/01, p.A12)

2001        Jul 31, Russian commandos freed 25 [41] hostages held by 2 hijackers in Mineralniye Vody, Chechnya.
    (SFC, 8/1/01, p.A8)(WSJ, 8/1/01, p.A1)

2001        Aug 1, In Chechnya 86 refugees attempted a 1000-mile march to Moscow to protest atrocities but were immediately stopped by force and 12 were arrested.
    (SFC, 8/3/01, p.A12)

2001        Aug 13, In southeast Chechnya rebels seized the village of Benoi-Yurt. Pro-Moscow administrators were reported killed.
    (SFC, 8/14/01, p.A7)

2001        Aug 22, In Chechnya Russian troops claimed to have wounded rebel commander Shamil Basayev and killed 35 of his fighters.
    (WSJ, 8/23/01, p.A1)

2001        Sep 3, In Chechnya an explosion tore through the headquarters of the Russian-backed government during a Cabinet meeting. One woman was killed.
    (SFC, 9/4/01, p.B1)

2001        Sep 17, In Chechnya rebels shot down a Russian Mi-8 helicopter. 2 generals and 8 colonels were killed. An attack at Gudermes left 10 Russian soldiers dead. 15 rebels were reported killed.
    (SFC, 9/18/01, p.B10)

2001        Sep 25, In Russia Pres. Putin issued a 72-hour ultimatum to Chechen rebels to show up for peace talks.
    (WSJ, 9/27/01, p.A1)

2001        Sep 30, Chechen militants staged raids on army, police and administrative buildings over the weekend. In Kurchaloi 2 policemen were killed and 14 wounded.
    (WSJ, 10/1/01, p.A21)

2001        Oct 1, Russia claimed to have killed Abu Yakub, a top aide to an Arab commander allied with rebels in Chechnya.
    (WSJ, 10/2/01, p.A1)

2001        Oct 3, Chechen rebels killed 9 federal troops in a number of clashes that included 4 dead from land mines. 4 militants were also killed.
    (SFC, 10/4/01, p.C8)

2001        Oct 15, Russian troops claimed to have killed 20 Chechen rebels with a loss of 5 of their own men.
    (WSJ, 10/16/01, p.A1)

2001        Oct 24, Chechen leader Akhmed Zakayev called Putin envoy Viktor Kazantsev to meet in Moscow for talks.
    (SFC, 10/25/01, p.C2)

2001        Nov 18, Russia dropped all conditions and opened talks with Chechnya.
    (SFC, 11/19/01, p.A15)

2001        Dec 25, Salman Raduyev, a Chechen warlord, was sentenced by a Russian court to life in prison for terrorism and murder.
    (SFC, 12/26/01, p.A4)

2001        Dec 30, Russian troops mounted an offensive south of Grozny after 6 Russian soldiers were killed by rebels. The offensive left 73 rebels dead. Civilians were later reported to have been counted as rebels.
    (WSJ, 12/31/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 1/2/02, p.A1)(SFC, 1/7/02, p.A5)

2001        Anna Politkovskaya authored “A Dirty War: A Russian Reporter in Chechnya.”
    (SSFC, 1/6/02, p.M6)

2002        Jan 3, Russian forces fought Chechen rebels for a 6th day in a conflict that left 40 dead. In other action 5 Russian soldiers were killed in attacks across Chechnya. Fighting continued in Tsotsin-Yurt. Moscow claimed 100 rebels killed, but rebels disputed that and said 40 Russians were killed. Civilians were later reported to have been counted as rebels.
    (SFC, 1/4/02, p.A17)(WSJ, 1/4/02, p.A1)(SFC, 1/7/02, p.A5)

2002        Jan 10, In Chechnya Russian troops lifted a weeklong blockade of Argun.
    (WSJ, 1/11/02, p.A1)

2002        Apr 3, The US-financed Radio Free Europe / Radio Liberty began broadcasting in the North Caucasus region that included Chechnya. The Kremlin viewed the broadcasts as interference with internal affairs.
    (SFC, 4/3/02, p.A6)

2002        Apr 5, The Kremlin reported about this time that 3,220 Russian soldiers had been killed in Chechnya since 1999 and nearly 9,000 injured.
    (SFC, 4/10/02, p.A11)

2002        Apr 18, In Chechnya rebel explosives killed 21 police officers in Grozny.
    (SFC, 4/19/02, p.A19)

2002        Apr 25, Russia reported that Khattab, an Arab guerrilla, had been killed in Chechnya on Mar 19-20.
    (SFC, 4/26/02, p.A14)(SFC, 4/27/02, p.A10)

2002        Apr 28, A bomb killed 7 people in a Russian provincial town near Chechnya.
    (WSJ, 4/29/02, p.A1)

2002        Apr 30, Russia’s military command said the Chechen commander Shamil Basayev had been killed.
    (SFC, 5/1/02, p.A13)

2002        Jun 3, It was reported that Chechen rebel leaders had appealed to the US to get Russia to end a military operation in Mesker-Yurt where 21 have been killed and others taken away.
    (WSJ, 6/3/02, p.A1)

2002        Jun, Pres. Putin said Chechens must take over control of their homeland from the 80,000 federal troops. The local police force numbered about 8,500.
    (SFC, 7/4/02, p.A1)

2002        Jul 5, In Chechnya rebel ambushes killed 11 Russian soldiers and police officers.
    (SFC, 7/6/02, p.A7)

2002        Jul 16, In Chechnya separatist fighters attacked Russian army convoys and checkpoints and 6 people were killed.
    (WSJ, 7/17/02, p.A1)

2002        Jul 29, The United Nations indefinitely suspended aid operations in Chechnya after the kidnapping last week of a Russian aid worker in the breakaway republic.
    (AP, 7/29/02)

2002        Aug 13, In Chechnya explosions rocked a bus in Grozny and Shali , killing at least five people and wounding several others.
    (AP, 8/13/02)

2002        Aug 17, Russia troops battled with Chechen rebels who attacked a number of villages in southern Chechnya in fighting that has left nine soldiers and five civilians dead.
    (AP, 8/17/02)

2002        Aug 18, Turpal-Ali Atgeriyev (b.1969), a former Chechen rebel commander and top official in the region's rebel government, died of complications from leukemia while serving a 15-year prison term for terrorism in Yekaterinburg.
    (AP, 8/22/02)

2002        Aug 19, A Russian Mi-26 military helicopter loaded with troops crashed in Chechnya. 127 were killed and 32 injured when the troop transport fell into a minefield in what Russian media called the nation's biggest military helicopter crash and the biggest single-day casualty count in the Chechen war. Chechen rebels claimed to have shot the helicopter down.
    (AP, 8/20/02)(WSJ, 8/23/02, p.A1)(AP, 8/21/03)(AP, 8/19/07)

2002        Aug 23, Russian troops battled rebels for the fourth straight day outside a Chechen village, while eight soldiers were killed in the last 24 hours.
    (AP, 8/23/02)

2002        Aug 31, A Russian helicopter was downed by a missile in Chechnya, killing two.
    (AP, 8/31/02)

2002        Sep 8, A Russian prosecutor said that the bodies of seven Chechen residents who disappeared several months ago were found in a common grave near Goragorsk.
    (AP, 9/8/02)

2002        Sep 16, In Chechnya a land mine planted at a busy intersection in the capital Grozny exploded as a passenger bus drove by, and 19 people were killed and 20 others wounded. 3 suspects in the blast were detained.
    (AP, 9/16/02)(AP, 9/17/02)

2002        Oct 23, In Moscow 40-50 Chechen separatist guerrillas seized a theater and threatened to shoot or blow up 700 hostages unless Russia pulled its troops out of their homeland. The next day they killed one woman.
    (AP, 10/24/02)(SFC, 10/24/02, p.A1)

2002        Oct 25, Russia pledged not to kill Chechen guerrillas holding some 600 hostages in a Moscow theater if they freed all their captives. Chechens released eight children and then set a dawn Saturday deadline to begin killing the rest of their captives if Russia does not agree to pull its army out of Chechnya.
    (AP, 10/25/02)

2002        Oct 26, Russian special forces, using gas to knock out Chechen guerrillas, stormed a Moscow theater in a dawn raid that left dozens of hostages dead along with most of their rebel captors. Russian special forces killed 41 rebels, including leader Movsar Barayev, and freed more about 600 captives in the third day of a hostage drama. 129 captives were killed. All the dead hostages except for 1 were killed by the gas later suspected to be the anesthetic carfentanyl possibly mixed with halothane.
    (SFC, 10/26/02, p.A1)(SFC, 10/28/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/31/02, p.A1)(SFC, 11/9/02, p.A7)(AP, 10/26/03)

2002        Oct 27, The Russian Health Ministry said 118 captives died in the Moscow theater hostage crisis, as doctors released some of the 750 who were rescued.
    (AP, 10/27/02)

2002        Oct 28, Chechen President Aslan Maskhadov was prepared to hold unconditional talks with the Russian leadership to find a political solution to the bloody conflict in Chechnya, his envoy said.
    (Reuters, 10/28/02)

2002        Oct 29, A Russian helicopter was shot down in Chechnya by a missile, killing all three crew and one passenger aboard.
    (AP, 10/29/02)

2002        Oct 31, Chechen rebels killed six Russian servicemen, a Chechen policeman and a local administrator, as Russian forces intensified searches for rebels in the wake of the Moscow theater siege.
    (AP, 11/1/02)

2002        Oct 30, Danish police arrested Akhmed Zakayev (43), a top aide to Aslan Maskhadov, former Chechen president.
    (SFC, 10/31/02, p.A31)

2002        Nov 3, Chechen rebels shot down a Russian military helicopter, killing nine servicemen, after Moscow said its forces had launched new military action to crush attempts by the guerrillas to stage "new acts of terror."
    (Reuters, 11/3/02)

2002        Nov 11, Russian troops ambushed Chechen rebels near Grozhny and 6 guerrillas were reported killed. [see Apr 29, 2004]
    (WSJ, 11/12/02, p.A1)

2002        Nov 16, A high-ranking Russian officer was killed and a top Chechen official abducted at gunpoint in new fighting in the southern Russian republic.
    (AP, 11/16/02)

2002        Nov 27, Russian officials renewed their drive to close sprawling tent camps in the republic of Ingushetia that are home to tens of thousands of Chechen refugees.
    (AP, 11/27/02)

2002        Nov 29, Five Russian servicemen and a paramilitary policeman serving in Chechnya were killed in clashes with rebels and from mine explosions.
    (AP, 11/30/02)

2002        Dec 14, Salman Raduyev (b.1967), the Chechen warlord who led a bloody 1996 raid on a Russian hospital that killed 78 people, died in a Russian hard labor camp while serving a life sentence.
    (AP, 12/15/02)

2002        Dec 17, The Interfax news agency reported that Russia has lost 4,705 soldiers, officers and policemen in Chechnya since 1999.
    (AP, 12/18/02)

2002        Dec 25, In Chechnya 28 guerrillas laid down their weapons in Grozny. A pro-Russian party leader and at least 4 Russians were killed in the last 24 hrs.
    (SFC, 12/25/02, p.A17)

2002        Dec 27, Chechen rebel suicide bombers rammed vehicles packed with a ton of explosives into the local government headquarters in Grozny, gutting the building and killing at least 83 people.
    (Reuters, 12/27/02)(AP, 12/28/02)(SFC, 12/31/02, p.A7)

2002        Dec 30, In Chechnya rebels staged attacks on pro-Moscow forces and killed 4 people in Grozny.
    (SFC, 12/31/02, p.A7)

2003        Jan 9, Six Russian soldiers and police officers were killed in Chechnya in the last 24 hours. Another 9 Russian soldiers died when their convoy came under rebel fire in Grozny. Two rebels were killed in the fighting.
    (AP, 1/10/03)(AP, 1/11/03)

2003        Jan 11, In Chechnya 4 Russian servicemen were killed in clashes, while 4 soldiers died when their vehicles struck land mines.
    (AP, 1/12/03)

2003        Jan, In Chechnya 3 construction workers were killed at a checkpoint. In Dec 2007 two Russian officers were convicted by a military court of killing the 3 workers.
    (AP, 12/28/07)

2003        Feb 2, Chechen rebel attacks and mines killed 5 Russian servicemen and wounded 8.
    (AP, 2/3/03)

2003        Feb 7, Chechen rebel attacks and land mines killed 10 soldiers and police over the last 24 hours.
    (AP, 2/8/03)

2003        Feb 10, Moscow appointed a new prime minister of Chechnya. Anatoly Popov replaced Mikhail Babich, who resigned under pressure 2 days earlier after a dispute with his superior, the chief of the Moscow-backed administration, Akhmad Kadyrov.
    (AP, 2/10/03)

2003          Mar 1, The US designated 3 rebel groups in Chechnya as terrorist organizations linked to al-Qaeda and imposed a freeze on their US assets.
    (SSFC, 3/2/03, A21)
2003          Mar 1, Rebels attacked the motorcade of Chechnya’s pro-Moscow leader, Akhmad Kadyrov, killing four bodyguards and three policemen.
    (AP, 3/3/03)

2003          Mar 9, In Chechnya 2 Russian armored personnel carriers opened fire in Staraya Sunzha, killing 2 policemen.
    (AP, 3/12/03)

2003        Mar 15, In Chechnya 6 Russian soldiers were killed by rebel fire and mines. Attackers destroyed 2 polling stations ahead of the Mar 23 constitutional referendum.
    (SFC, 3/17/03, p.A4)

2003        Mar 22, Dozens of Chechen rebels surrendered their weapons in a ceremony apparently designed to promote harmony on the eve of a constitutional referendum.
    (AP, 3/22/03)

2003        Mar 23, A Chechen referendum strongly approved a new constitution that confirmed Chechnya as part of Russia and endorsed rules for electing a Chechen president and parliament.
    (AP, 3/23/03)(AP, 3/24/03)(SFC, 3/24/03, p.A11)

2003        Mar 24, Russian officials declared that the approval of a new constitution by Chechnya's voters completely discredited the separatist cause, further dimming hopes that the Kremlin would negotiate an end to the 3 1/2-year war.
    (AP, 3/24/03)

2003        Mar 28, Chechen rebels killed six Russian soldiers and two riot police.
    (AP, 3/29/03)

2003        Apr 3, In Chechnya a bus was blown apart by a remote-controlled mine, killing at least six people.
    (AP, 4/3/03)

2003        Apr 6, Police in Chechnya said they had discovered four graves filled with disfigured bodies, many of them with their heads and arms cut off. Pro-Moscow Chechen policeman Ruslan Visarigov was killed by a mine near his home in the Shelkovskaya district. Rebels killed 4 servicemen and wounded 10 others in attacks over the past 24 hours.
    (AP, 4/6/03)(AP, 4/7/03)

2003        Apr 8, In Chechnya a Russian armored personnel carrier hit a land mine in Grozny and exploded, killing two soldiers and injuring several others.
    (AP, 4/8/03)

2003        Apr 15, In Chechnya 16 people, mostly female construction workers, were killed last week in a bus explosion. The incident was not reported until Apr 21.
    (AP, 4/21/03)

2003        Apr 20, Chechen rebels opened fire on Russian troops, killing 7 soldiers and wounding 7 others.
    (AP, 4/20/03)

2003        May 12, In northern Chechnya a truck bomb ripped through a government compound, killing 60 people and wounding some 300 others.
    (AP, 5/13/03)(WSJ, 5/19/03, p.A1)

2003        May 14, In Chechnya a female suicide attacker killed at least 10 people at a funeral service.
    (AP, 5/14/03)

2003        May 30, A rebel ambush and other attacks killed five Russian soldiers and wounded 11 others in and around the breakaway republic of Chechnya.
    (AP, 5/31/03)

2003        Jun 5, A bomber attacked a bus near a Russian military air base near Chechnya on Thursday, killing herself and at least 16 others.
    (AP, 6/5/03)

2003        Jun 6, Russia's parliament approved an amnesty for Chechen rebels who agree to disarm. Pres. Vladimir Putin presented the move as a major step toward peace.
    (AP, 6/6/03)

2003        Jun 7, In Chechnya a fierce battle between rebels and Russian troops raged into its second day, leaving six servicemen dead.
    (AP, 6/7/03)

2003        Jun 8, In Chechnya the deputy director of the region's natural gas network was shot and killed in his home.
    (AP, 6/9/03)

2003        Jun 30, In Chechnya armed thieves opened fire on a crowd of Chechen villagers as they were collecting unemployment benefits, killing four and wounding at least eight.
    (AP, 6/30/03)

2003        Jul 12, In southern Chechnya rebels ambushed a Russian military vehicle and staged hit-and-run attacks against federal positions, killing 16 soldiers and wounding 13.
    (AP, 7/13/03)

2003        Jul 29,  A land mine explosion shattered a military convoy near the border with rebel Chechnya, killing five Russian soldiers.
    (AP, 7/30/03)

 2003        Aug 1, A suicide bomber rammed a truck packed with explosives through the gates of a Russian military hospital near Chechnya, destroying the building and killing at least 50 people.
    (AP, 8/3/03)

2003        Aug 7, Chechen rebels using a shoulder-fired missile shot down a Russian military helicopter in the mountains, killing three of the crew.
    (AP, 8/7/03)
2003        Aug 7, Gunmen ambushed a Russian military convoy near the border with Chechnya, killing six soldiers and wounding seven.
    (AP, 8/8/03)

2003        Aug 10, Eight Russian soldiers and police died in rebel attacks in a day of violence throughout Chechnya.
    (AP, 8/11/03)

2003        Aug 15, A remote mine, allegedly triggered by Chechen rebels, killed five Russian soldiers while troops were conducting a search operation in the breakaway republic. Chechen rebels also fired automatic weapons and lobbed grenades at a military commander's office, killing two soldiers and wounding 10.
    (AP, 8/15/03)(AP, 8/16/03)

2003        Aug 19, Fighting persisted in Chechnya, with six Russian servicemen killed and 11 others wounded.
    (AP, 8/20/03)

2003        Aug 20, In Chechnya fighting left 8 Russian soldiers and 12 rebels dead.
    (SFC, 8/22/03, p.A9)

2003        Aug 28, Akhmad Kadyrov, the Kremlin-appointed head of Chechnya, said death squads associated with security forces were seeking to prolong the conflict through abductions and terror.
    (SFC, 8/29/03, p.A8)

2003        Oct 1, In southern Chechnya gunmen opened fire on a car carrying the mayor of a town, killing the local leader and his son, who was a police officer.
    (AP, 10/2/03)

2003        Oct 5, Elections organized by Moscow were scheduled in Chechnya. Some 200,000 dead Chechens remained on the electoral lists. Akhmad Kadyrov, chief of the pro-Russian administration enjoyed a 13% popularity.
    (WSJ, 10/2/03, p.A16)

2003        Oct 6, In Chechnya Akhmad Kadyrov was declared the winner in the region's presidential vote. Human rights advocates questioned the fairness of a vote held during a war and said the election was heavily tilted in favor of Kadyrov, whose personal security service is widely feared and accused of kidnappings and killings.
    (AP, 10/6/03)

2003        Oct 19, In Chechnya Akhmad Kadyrov was inaugurated as president.
    (AP, 10/19/03)

2003        Oct 28, Chechen rebels killed 8 Russian soldiers in a series of attacks.
    (WSJ, 10/29/03, p.A1)

2003        Nov 23, Russian special forces killed 17 militants near the Chechen village of Serzhen-Yurt. The Kremlin later displayed passports belonging to an Algerian, 3 Turks and Thomas Fischer (25), a German, who were among the dead.
    (SFC, 12/25/03, p.A11)(WSJ, 10/14/04, p.A14)

2003        Nov 29, A Chechen leader wanted in Russia on charges of terrorism and murder has been granted refugee status in Britain. A British judge had rejected a Russian government request to extradite Akhmed Zakayev earlier this month.
    (AP, 11/29/03)

2003        Dec 5, A shrapnel-filled bomb believed strapped to a suicide attacker ripped apart a commuter train near Chechnya, killing 44 people and wounding nearly 200. Pres. Putin called it an attempt to disrupt weekend parliamentary elections.
    (AP, 12/5/04)

2003        Dec 15, At least 25 gunmen crossed from Chechnya into the Russian region of Dagestan, killing at least 3 border guards and seizing hostages in a remote mountain village.
    (AP, 12/15/03)

2003        Dec 16, Chechen rebels, who fought their way into the neighboring Dagestan region and occupied a village, released all their hostages and fled, avoiding capture.
    (AP, 12/16/03)

2003        Dec 20, In Chechnya 10 Russian servicemen were killed in rebel attacks over 24 hours.
    (AP, 12/21/03)

2003        Khassan Baiev with Ruth and Nicholas Daniloff authored "The Oath: A Surgeon Under Fire," a primer on Russian-Chechen history and his own experiences in the civil war.
    (SSFC, 10/19/03, p.M6)

2003        Anna Politkovskaya authored “A Small Corner of Hell: Dispatches from Chechnya.”
    (Econ, 10/4/03, p.80)

2004        Jan 27, In Chechnya at least 8 Russian servicemen were killed and 16 others wounded in the latest rebel raids and land mine explosions.
    (AP, 1/28/04)

2004        Feb 5, Seven Russian servicemen were killed and at least 11 wounded over the last 24 hours in the latest rebel attacks in the breakaway region of Chechnya.
    (AP, 2/5/04)

2004        Feb 6, A bomb ripped through a Moscow subway car during rush hour morning, killing 39 people and wounding 134. Chechen rebels were blamed.
    (AP, 2/6/04)(SFC, 2/7/04, p.A1)

2004        Feb 9, Rebel attacks and land mines in Chechnya killed at least 9 Russian servicemen and local pro-Moscow police over the last 24 hours.
    (SFC, 2/10/04, p.A6)

2004        Feb 13, In Qatar Zelimkhan Yandarbiyev (51), Chechnya's exiled former president, was assassinated when a bomb blew apart his car as he left a mosque with his teenage son (13). He was wanted by Russia for terrorism and ties to al-Qaida.
    (AP, 2/13/04)

2004        Feb 25, A US State Dept. report criticized Russia's human rights record in Chechnya citing reports of government involvement in "politically motivated disappearances."
    (SSFC, 2/29/04, p.A3)

2004        Feb 26, Russian Foreign Minister Igor Ivanov said that three Russian intelligence agents had been arrested in Qatar on suspicion of involvement in the killing of former Chechen President Zelimkhan Yandarbiyev. Ivanov said they were innocent and demanded their release. On June 30 Qatar sentenced 2 of the Russian agents to 25 years in jail.
    (AP, 2/26/04)(WSJ, 7/1/04, p.A1)

2004        Mar 2, Russian authorities said they have confirmed that a man killed in the Dagestan region a few days earlier was Ruslan Gelayev, one of the Chechnya's most powerful rebel warlords.
    (AP, 3/2/04)
2004        Mar 2, In Chechnya rebel attacks and land mines killed five Russian soldiers.
    (AP, 3/3/04)

2004        Mar 25, A military truck drove out of a Russian military base in Chechnya after curfew and hit a mine planted outside to deter a rebel attack, killing 10 soldiers.
    (AP, 3/26/04)

2004        Apr 5, Rebel attacks across Chechnya killed six Russian soldiers.
    (AP, 4/6/04)

2004        Apr 8, A Moscow court handed down a 20-year prison sentence to a Chechen woman who was earlier convicted of carrying a bomb that killed an explosives expert.
    (AP, 4/8/04)

2004        Apr 12, Chechnya rebels killed 10 Russian soldiers, including five whose convoy was shelled while driving through an insurgent stronghold.
    (AP, 4/12/04)

2004        Apr 16, Abu Walid, Saudi-born rebel commander also known as Abdul Aziz al-Ghamdi, was killed by Russian government forces in Chechnya.
    (AP, 4/19/04)

2004        Apr 29, A Russian court acquitted 4 commando officers in the shooting deaths of 6 Chechen civilians, after the officers admitted in court that they mistakenly opened fire on their vehicle and set the car on fire to conceal the incident based on orders from superiors.
    (SFC, 4/30/04, p.A3)

2004        May 9, Akhmad Kadyrov (52), the Kremlin-backed president of Russia's warring Chechnya region, was killed along with 23 others when an explosion tore through a stadium in Grozny, during Victory Day observances marking the defeat of the Nazis in World War II. Russian Sergei Abramov was named acting president.
    (SFC, 5/10/04, p.A1)(SFC, 5/11/04, p.A7)(AP, 5/9/05)

2004        May 10, Ramzan Kadyrov (27), the son of Akhmad Kadyrov, was named the top Chechen official in the regional government.
    (SFC, 5/11/04, p.A1)

2004        May 18, Chechen rebels ambushed 2 military vehicles killing 8 Russian soldiers and 4-pro-Mosciw police officers.
    (WSJ, 5/19/04, p.A1)

2004        Jun 19, In Chechnya rebel attacks killed seven Russian soldiers and police officers over the last 24 hours.
    (AP, 6/19/04)

2004        Jun 22, Thousands of Russian troops poured into Nazran, Ingushetia, chasing Chechen rebels who set fire to police and government buildings and killed at least 48 people in brazen overnight attacks.
    (AP, 6/22/04)

2004        Jul 13, Chechnya's acting president escaped injury in the Chechen capital when an explosion hit his motorcade, but one person was killed and three were wounded. A separate clash left 18 soldiers dead.
    (AP, 7/13/04)(WSJ, 7/14/04, p.A1)

2004        Jul 18, In Chechnya Tamara Khadzhiyeva of United Russia, a local leader of Russia's main pro-presidential party, was fatally shot in Shali. The region's prosecutor said it was a contract killing linked to next month's presidential election.
    (AP, 7/18/04)

2004        Aug 21, In Chechnya gunmen attacked a police station and polling sites in Grozny, killing several people 8 days before a special election to replace the region's assassinated president.
    (AP, 8/21/04)

2004        Aug 22, Pres. Putin flew to Chechnya in advance of elections. Overnight attacks killed at least 30 people.
    (SFC, 8/23/04, p.A3)

2004        Aug 27, Officials said one of two Russian airliners that crashed nearly simultaneously was brought down by a terrorist act, after finding traces of explosives in the plane's wreckage. An Islamic militant group claimed responsibility for the attack in a Web statement. Chechen women Amanta Nagayeva (30) and S. Dzhebirkhanova (27) had purchased their tickets at the last minute.
    (AP, 8/27/04)(SFC, 8/31/04, p.A8)

2004        Aug 28, Officials said they had found traces of the explosive hexogen on the wreckage of the second of two Russian airliners that crashed just minutes apart earlier this week. Attention focused on the roles of two dead female passengers believed to be of Chechen origin.
    (AP, 8/28/04)(SFC, 8/31/04, p.A8)

2004        Aug 29, Chechens voted for a replacement for their assassinated president. One man was killed when he attempted to blow up a polling station. Alu Alkhanov, the Russian government's candidate in Chechnya, received nearly 74 percent of the vote.
    (AP, 8/29/04)(AP, 8/30/04)

2004        Sep 3, Commandos stormed a school in southern Russia and battled Chechen separatist rebels holding hundreds of hostages, as crying children, some naked and covered in blood, fled through explosions and gunfire. Over 330 people, including 155 children, were killed in the violence that ended a hostage standoff with militants in Beslan, Russia. 31 of 32 hostage takers were killed. 6 Chechens and 4 Ingush were identified among the hostage takers. In 2006 a woman died from her injuries in Beslan bringing the total deaths to 334.
    (SFC, 9/4/04, p.A1)(SFC, 9/7/04, p.A3)(WSJ, 9/10/04, p.A1)(AP, 12/9/07)

2004        Sep 17, The main Chechen rebel Web site, Kavkaz-Center, posted what it said was an e-mail from Basayev, claiming his "Riyadus Salikhin Martyrs' Brigade" was responsible for the bombings of two passenger jets last month, a suicide bombing outside a Moscow subway station and the school siege in the southern city of Beslan.
    (AP, 9/17/04)

2004        Oct 5, In Chechnya Maj. Gen. Alu Alkhanov was sworn in as president.
    (AP, 10/5/04)

2004        Oct 31, In Chechnya a car bomb exploded outside Grozny’s main hospital, injuring 17 people.
    (AP, 10/31/04)

2004        Dec 29, Ramzan Kadyrov, a pro-Moscow Chechen leader accused by rights groups of kidnapping and murder, earned Russia's highest award for "valor and heroism."
    (AP, 12/29/04)

2005        Jan 8, Russian troops killed four rebels hiding in a house in the Russian city of Nazran, 20 miles from the border with Chechnya, in a firefight.
    (AP, 1/8/05)

2005        Feb 3, Chechnya's Russian-backed government dismissed a rebel February cease-fire declaration, saying it was a publicity stunt that could not be trusted.
    (AP, 2/3/05)(WSJ, 2/3/05, p.A1)

2005        Feb 4, Russia lashed out at Britain after an independent TV channel there aired an interview with Chechen rebel warlord Shamil Basayev, saying the broadcast amounted to terrorist propaganda and calling for an investigation.
    (AP, 2/4/05)

2005        Mar 8, A spokesman for Russian forces said Chechen rebel leader Aslan Maskhadov has been killed. Russia had offered a $10 million reward.
    (AP, 3/8/05)(WSJ, 3/16/05, p.A1)(Econ, 3/12/05, p.84)

2005        Mar 10, At least 15 Russian servicemen were killed and 12 others were injured when a federal helicopter crashed in Chechnya.
    (AP, 3/11/05)

2005        May 5, Russia's Federal Security service said it foiled planned terror attacks ahead of Victory in Europe celebrations, discovering a truck near Grozny packed with more than a ton of explosives and a cache of poisons allegedly intended for chemical attacks.
    (AP, 5/5/05)

2005        May 14, Russian security forces and police killed six suspected militants, including two female suicide bombers, who had holed up in an apartment in Cherkessk. Russian forces in Chechnya killed 4 rebels including former separatist vice president Vakha Arsanov.
    (AP, 5/15/05)

2005        May 17, Russian security services killed Alash Daudov, a prominent Chechen rebel wanted for a series of planned chemical attacks.
    (AP, 5/17/05)

2005        May 27, Chechen warlord Shamil Basayev claimed responsibility for a power outage that caused chaos in Moscow.
    (AP, 5/27/05)

2005        Jun 4, Masked Chechen soldiers apparently avenging the killing of a woodcutter raided a tiny village, beat and killed residents and set homes afire. The raid in Borozdinovskaya pitted ethnic Chechens against ethnic Avars, marking the first serious conflict between the two groups. Villagers, failing to attract local authorities' attention to the abuses, abandoned their houses June 16 and fled to nearby Kizlyar in Dagestan,
    (AP, 6/26/05)

2005        Jun 6, Chechnya’s Moscow-backed Pres. Alu Alkhanov said Russian military forces carry out up to 10 percent of the kidnappings that occur in turbulent Chechnya.
    (AP, 6/6/05)

2005        Jul 16, A Russian air force helicopter carrying border guards crashed in mountainous southern Chechnya, killing eight people.
    (AP, 7/17/05)

2005        Jul 19, Insurgents set off a bomb near a police minibus in breakaway Chechnya after luring the security forces into a trap, killing 14 people, including two children, and wounding more than 20 others.
    (AP, 7/20/05)

2005        Jul 28, Chechnya’s Shamil Basayev, linked to a dozen deadly attacks on civilians, admitted he was a terrorist in an interview being broadcast on ABC News' "Nightline." The Kremlin denounced the network's decision to run the interview, which was conducted by well-known Russian journalist Andrei Babitsky.
    (AP, 7/29/05)

2005        Aug 9, In Chechnya gunmen sprayed bullets at a car in Grozny, killing one person, wounding a child in the head, and setting the vehicle ablaze.
    (AP, 8/9/05)

2005        Aug 10, Russia’s Defense Ministry said more than 3,450 Russian troops have been killed in Chechnya since federal forces re-entered the southern Russian region six years ago.
    (AP, 8/10/05)

2005        Aug 14, A land mine exploded in Chechnya when Russia troops came to the aid of a local official whose home was under attack by rebels, killing a senior Russian military officer and four other soldiers.
    (AP, 8/14/05)

2005        Aug 15, A powerful car bomb exploded outside a restaurant in Chechnya's capital, killing two people, including a child, and wounding at least 11 others.
    (AP, 8/16/05)

2005        Sep 20, In Chechnya gunmen launched two separate attacks, killing one police officer and wounding four others.
    (AP, 9/21/05)

2005        Sep 21, The Kremlin issued a letter from President Vladimir Putin to Jordanian King Abdullah II, delivered personally by Moscow-backed Chechen President Alu Alkhanov during his Middle Eastern tour. Putin said in the letter that the situation in Chechnya was "steadily normalizing." Jordan has a large Chechen Diaspora.
    (AP, 9/21/05)

2005        Oct 13, Scores of Islamic militants launched simultaneous attacks on police and government buildings in Nalchik capital of the republic of Kabardino-Balkariya, sparking battles that killed 12 police, 12 civilians and more than 50 guerrillas. Chechen rebels claimed responsibility for the attacks. President Putin ordered a total blockade of Nalchik, a city of 235,000, to prevent militants from slipping out, and he said armed resisters would be shot.
    (AP, 10/13/05)(SFC, 10/14/05, p.A11)

2005        Oct 14, In Nalchik Russian security forces in an armored personnel carrier smashed through the wall of a store to rescue two hostages held by suspected Islamic militants as authorities tried to clear out the last pockets of rebel resistance after more than a day of fighting that killed 139 people including 94 militants.
    (AP, 10/14/05)(WSJ, 10/17/05, p.A1)

2005        Nov 16, In Chechnya a group of Russian soldiers, alleged to be drunk, began flagging down cars and demanding money in the Grozny suburb of Staraya Sunzha. 3 civilians were killed and 3 servicemen were detained.
    (SSFC, 11/20/05, p.A22)

2005        Nov 17, Sergei Abramov, the prime minister of Chechnya was in a serious condition after a car crash on the way to a Moscow airport. His aide said it was too early to rule out an assassination attempt.
    (AP, 11/18/05)

2005        Nov 27, Residents of Chechnya began voting in the latest in a series of elections that are part of efforts to bring stability and peace.
    (AP, 11/27/05)

2005        Nov 28, A top pro-Kremlin party led in early returns from Chechnya's first parliamentary election since federal troops reinvaded more than six years ago, and President Vladimir Putin hailed the vote as a key to restoring law and order.
    (AP, 11/28/05)

2005        Dec 3, Chechnya’s top election official said a Kremlin-backed political party has won the largest number of seats in the new parliament.
    (AP, 12/03/05)

2005        Dec 16, Chechnya's top prosecutor said a state-owned chemical company on the outskirts of the Chechen capital had "catastrophic" radiation levels tens of thousands of times greater than normal.
    (AP, 12/16/05)

2005        Dec, Chechen members of the pro-Kremlin United Russia party that dominates the region's recently elected parliament voted to make Ramzan Kadyrov (29) its regional head despite observers questioning his democratic credentials.
    (Reuters, 12/21/05)

2006        Feb 7, An apparent gas explosion destroyed a two-story military barracks in Chechnya, killing at least two people and injuring 32.
    (AP, 2/7/06)
2006        Feb 7, An aid group that provides food to tens of thousands of people in war-ravaged Chechnya suspended its operations after Chechen officials banned all Danish organizations because of the publication of Prophet Muhammad cartoons.
    (AP, 2/7/06)

2006        Feb 28, Sergei Abramov, the Kremlin-backed PM of war-battered Chechnya, said he was stepping down to give way to Ramzan Kadyrov (29), the widely feared head of a shadowy security service.
    (AP, 3/1/06)

2006        Mar 1, Pakistani security forces backed by helicopter gunships struck a militant hide-out in a tribal region near the Afghan border, killing 45 fighters, including a Chechen commander linked to al-Qaida.
    (AP, 3/1/06)

2006        Mar 4, Chechnya's Parliament unanimously approved Ramzan Kadyrov (29), the head of a security force widely accused of human rights abuses, as PM of the war-battered republic.
    (AP, 3/4/06)

2006        Apr 15, In southern Chechnya rebels killed two Russian soldiers and wounded five others in an ambush.
    (AP, 4/16/06)

2006        Apr 21, A bomb exploded on a roadside in Chechnya where schoolchildren were cleaning up trash, killing a boy and wounding five other children.
    (AP, 4/22/06)

2006        Jun 17, In Chechnya Russian police killed rebel leader Abdul-Khalim Sadulayev in a special police operation in his hometown of Argun. An intelligence agent and a police officer were killed in the operation. One rebel also was killed and two rebels escaped.
    (AP, 6/17/06)

2006        Jun 27, Chechnya's new separatist leader named warlord Shamil Basayev, wanted by Russia for a string of shocking terrorist attacks, as his vice president in a move that could signal a radicalization of the Chechen rebel movement.
    (AP, 6/29/06)

2006        Jul 4, Gunmen attacked a Russian military convoy in the Chechnya region, killing at least five troops and wounding as many as 25 others, officials said. Pro-rebel Web sites claimed more than 20 Russian soldiers were killed.
    (AP, 7/4/06)

2006        Jul 10, Chechen warlord Shamil Basayev (41) was killed in Ingushetia. He had claimed responsibility for modern Russia's worst terrorist attacks including Beslan in 2004. He was killed along with 4 other militant while accompanying a truck filled with 220 pounds of dynamite that blew up in the Ingush village of Ekazhevo. Shortly before his death he was appointed vice-president of Ichkeria, the rebel’s name for their non-existent state.
    (AP, 7/10/06)(Econ, 7/15/06, p.84)

2006        Jul 19, Doku Umarov, the leader of the Chechen rebels, dismissed a Russian amnesty offer, saying attacks outside his home region would be his rebels' answer to Moscow.
    (AP, 7/19/06)

2006        Jul 27, The European Court of Human Rights found Russia guilty of violating the "right to life" of a young Chechen who disappeared after a Russian general ordered him shot. Khadzimurat Yandiyev (25) was last seen in the hands of Russian troops in February 2000.
    (AP, 7/27/06)

2006        Aug 24, An explosion in Chechnya's capital Grozny killed four people.
    (AP, 8/24/06)

2006        Aug 29, About 50 former militants surrendered and handed over their weapons in a ceremony led by Chechnya's powerful prime minister, who said rebel numbers are dwindling in the war-ravaged region.
    (AP, 8/29/06)

2006        Oct 7, Anna Politkovskaya, a Russian journalist, was shot to death, her body discovered in an elevator in her apartment building in Moscow. She was known for her critical coverage of the war in Chechnya. Politkovskaya, shot to death in an apparent contract killing, was about to publish a story about torture and abductions in Chechnya. In 2007 Random House published her diaries under the title: “A Russian Diary.” In 2008 Russian investigators named Rustam Makhmudov (34 of Chechnya as the executor of the murder. Makhmudov was still at large. In 2008 Prosecutors charged Sergei Khadzhikurbanov, a former police officer, and 2 brothers from Chechnya, Dzhabrail and Ibragim Makhmudov, with involvement in the murder.
    (AP, 10/8/06)(Econ, 10/14/06, p.91)(Econ, 4/7/07, p.82)(WSJ, 5/13/08, p.A8)(SFC, 6/19/08, p.A9)

2006        Nov 7, Rebels ambushed a police convoy in Chechnya, killing 7 police officers. Lt. Col. Nikolai Varavin, a spokesman for Russian forces in Chechnya, said that up to 700 militants continue operating in the province's mountains.
    (AP, 11/9/06)

2006        Nov 24, A UN anti-torture panel said it had credible reports of unofficial detention centers, abuse and disappearances in Russia's restive southern province of Chechnya.
    (AP, 11/24/06)

2006        Nov 26, Abu Khavs, a Jordanian who commanded foreign mercenaries in Chechnya and was reportedly al-Qaida's top emissary in the troubled North Caucasus, died along with 4 other militants in a shootout with police in Dagestan.
    (AP, 11/26/06)

2007        Jan 15, More than 500 armed militants in Chechnya and other parts of Russia's troubled North Caucasus surrendered to authorities as part of an amnesty that expired at day’s end.
    (AP, 1/15/07)

2007        Jan, Russia's Supreme Court upheld a lower court's ruling that the Russian-Chechen Friendship Society must close its doors. Rights advocates denounced the ruling, charging it was a Kremlin attempt to silence criticism of its conduct in the violence-wracked Chechnya region. The group has campaigned against the Russian government's war on separatists in Chechnya, and published reports alleging torture, abductions and killings of civilians by Russian forces and their pro-Moscow Chechen allies.
    (AP, 9/14/07)

2007        Feb 15, Russia’s President Vladimir Putin dismissed Alu Alkhanov, the president of the republic of Chechnya, and named its widely feared PM Ramzan Kadyrov as acting president.
    (AP, 2/16/07)(Econ, 2/24/07, p.62)

2007        Mar 1, President Vladimir Putin nominated Ramzan Kadyrov, a widely feared security chief, as the new president of Chechnya. Europe's human rights chief denounced torture and other rampant abuses in the war-battered region. Kadyrov, who previously had served as Chechnya's prime minister, has run a security force that is accused of abducting and abusing suspected rebels and civilians believed to be connected to them.
    (AP, 3/1/07)

2007        Mar 2, Chechnya's parliament approved Ramzan Kadyrov, a widely feared former security chief as president of the war-battered Russian republic in a nearly unanimous vote.
    (AP, 3/2/07)

2007        Mar 8, The first regularly scheduled civilian passenger flight in six years arrived at Chechnya's main airport, in what officials say is yet another sign that normalcy has returned to the war-wracked Russian region.
    (AP, 3/8/07)

2007        Apr 5, Ramzan Kadyrov was inaugurated as the new president of Chechnya on a blessing from the Kremlin, which has relied on him to stabilize the region after more than a decade of separatist fighting.
    (AP, 4/5/07)

2007        Apr 27, A Russian military helicopter crashed in Chechnya, killing all 18 people aboard, emergency officials said. There were conflicting reports about whether the craft was shot down.
    (AP, 4/27/07)

2007        Jun 14, Four soldiers were convicted of killing a truck driver and five passengers in Chechnya, but three of the defendants have been missing since disappearing while on trial.
    (AP, 6/15/07)

2007        Jun 20, In Chechnya a gunbattle broke out between traffic police and a Defense Ministry unit in Grozny, leaving at least five people dead and six wounded.
    (AP, 6/20/07)

2007        Jun 21, The European Court of Human Rights found the Russian authorities responsible for the killings of four members of a Chechen family in 2003 and ordered Moscow to pay a relative $114,000.
    (AP, 6/21/07)

2007        Jul 26, The European Court of Human Rights ordered the Russian government to pay damages of $196,000 to the family members of 11 Chechen civilians killed by Russian soldiers in 2000, when security forces rampaged through Novye Aldi, setting fire to houses and killing at least 50 civilians.
    (AP, 7/27/07)

2007        Aug 23, A shootout in Chechnya's capital left two policemen and a rebel dead. A group of about 30 camouflage-clad gunmen set on fire the houses of two police officers and the local administration building in the Chechen village of Yandi.
    (AP, 8/24/07)

2007        Aug 27, Russia announced the arrest of 10 people in the killing of journalist and Kremlin critic Anna Politkovskaya. Russia's top prosecutor said a Chechen crime boss, Russian police and security officers were involved in the death of the journalist Anna Politkovskaya. But he suggested that someone outside Russia masterminded the killing of the frequent Kremlin critic.
    (AP, 8/27/07)(AP, 8/27/08)

2007        Dec 16, In Grozny, Chechnya, a police officer and 4 militants were killed in a gunbattle.
    (AP, 12/18/07)

2007        Dec 17, In Grozny, Chechnya, a roadside bomb killed a prison guard and wounded four other people as they drove in a van transporting suspected criminals.
    (AP, 12/18/07)

2007        Dec 27, In Chechnya unidentified gunmen shot and killed a police officer in Grozny.
    (AP, 12/28/07)

2007        Arkady Babchenko, Russian soldier, authored “A Soldier’s War in Chechnya,” an account of his service in Chechnya. In 2008 it was translated to English by Nick Allen and published as “One Soldier’s War.”
    (Econ, 11/17/07, p.100)(WSJ, 1/22/08, p.D8)
2007        Tony Wood authored “Chechnya: The Case for Independence.”
    (Econ, 3/24/07, p.95)

2008        Mar 19, In the Russian region of Chechnya 9 people were been killed in an hour-long clash between police and unidentified gunmen.
    (AP, 3/20/08)

2008        May 2, In Chechnya suspected Islamic militants clashed with police, killing two law enforcement officers. The rebel-linked Web site Kavkaz Center claimed that at least nine law enforcement officers were killed in a gunfight that lasted for four hours.
    (AP, 5/3/08)

2008        May 4, In Chechnya a remote-controlled bomb exploded on a roadside in Grozny, leaving five police officers dead, while another officer was fatally shot near the city.
    (AP, 5/5/08)

2008        Jun 12, In Chechnya at least 25 armed rebels raided the village of Benoi-Vedeno, killing three locals and setting several houses on fire. An internet site with ties to the separatist movement, www.kavkazcenter.com, said the rebels had killed 11 armed men linked to Ramzan Kadyrov, Chechnya's pro-Moscow president.
    (Reuters, 6/13/08)

2008        Jun 16, A group of militants opened fire on a convoy of security officers in Chechnya, killing three and injuring five.
    (AP, 6/16/08)

2008        Jun 27, In Chechnya a clash left two militants and four police dead, and four more police wounded.
    (AP, 6/29/08)

2008        Jun 28, In Chechnya 2 police officers and 2 civilians were killed in the southern Shatoi district during an operation to persuade militants to surrender.
    (SFC, 6/30/08, p.A3)

2008        Jul 21, In Chechnya the bullet-riddled bodies of three officers, who had been guarding an Interior Ministry trailer, were found on a collective farm. The assailants made off with the officers' guns.
    (AP, 7/21/08)

2008        Oct 11, A strong earthquake hit Chechnya and other parts of Russia's North Caucasus, killing at least 13 people and damaging scores of hospitals, schools and other buildings.
    (AP, 10/11/08)(SFC, 10/18/08, p.B6)

2008        Oct 17, Chechen leader Ramzan Kadyrov opened one of Europe's biggest mosques in the rebuilt capital of the southern Russian region, saying it was proof Russian rule and Islam can go together. The mosque, named "The Heart of Chechnya" and constructed by Turkish builders, can host up to 10,000 worshippers.
    (AP, 10/17/08)

2008        Oct 23, Rebel attacks using land mines in Chechnya killed one Russian soldier and wounded 10 other servicemen and police.
    (AP, 10/24/08)

2009        Jan 13, In Austria Umar Israilov (27), a Chechen refugee, was shot dead on a Vienna street. Officials said they had no proof the killing was political, but human rights activists said his death was linked to his opposition to Chechnya's pro-Moscow president. On Jan 28 Austrian authorities arrested seven suspects, all Chechens, in the killing. On February 19 Polish police arrested Turpal Ali J. (31), a man suspected of killing Israilov. In 2010 Austrian investigators concluded that Chechnya Pres. Ramzan Kadyrov ordered the kidnapping of one of his critics and former bodyguards and that Israilov was shot to death when the abduction went awry.  In 2011 an Austrian prosecutor sought life sentences for three Russian men on charges they carried out the murder of the Israilov.
    (AP, 1/28/09)(AP, 2/22/09)(AP, 4/27/10)(AP, 6/1/11)

2009        Jan 20, In Chechnya Hundreds of people rallied in Grozny to protest the slaying of Stanislav Markelov (34), a lawyer who opposed the early release of a Russian army officer convicted of strangling an 18-year-old Chechen woman.
    (AP, 1/20/09)

2009        Mar 28, In Dubai Sulim Yamadayev, a former Chechen rebel, was shot in a brazen attack and died on March 30. He had switched sides to the government during Chechnya's long-running conflict with Moscow. On April 5 Dubai authorities said they had arrested two suspects in the slaying. They said Adam Delimkhanov, a Chechen member of Russia’s lower house and the Chechen president's right-hand man, had masterminded the killing. On April 12, 2010, Mahdi Tagi Dhurnia of Iran and Tajik national Mahsoudjan Asmanov were sentenced to 25 years in prison after being found guilty of aiding and abetting the assassination of Yamadayev.
    (AP, 3/31/09)(SFC, 3/31/09, p.A5)(AP, 4/5/09)(SFC, 4/6/09, p.A3)(AP, 4/12/10)(AP, 12/22/10)

2009        Apr 16, Russia ordered an end to its counterterrorism operation in Chechnya, a move that could lead to the withdrawal of tens of thousands of troops from the southern republic battered by two separatist wars in the past 15 years.
    (AP, 4/16/09)

2009        Jun 8, Interfax news agency reported that Russian forces have killed Doku Umarov, the leader of the Chechen separatist movement.
    (Reuters, 6/8/09)

2009        Jun 25, Russia's Supreme Court overturned the acquittal of three men charged with the 2006 murder of Anna Politkovskaya, a journalist whose reporting on Chechnya directly challenged the country's most powerful leaders.
    (AP, 6/25/09)

2009        Jul 13, In Russia 5 suspected militants and two law enforcement officers were killed in separate attacks in the south. The militants were killed in two separate gunbattles in Chechnya, while Interior Ministry troops in Dagestan died in an ambush by insurgents.
    (AP, 7/13/09)

2009        Jul 15, In Ingushetia police officials said that the body of Natalya Estemirova (b.1959), a prominent rights activist, was found not far from the main city of Nazran, hours after she was kidnapped in Chechnya.
    (AP, 7/15/09)(Econ, 7/25/09, p.23)

2009        Jul 20, The Russian rights group, where slain activist Natalia Estemirova worked, said it has suspended operations in Chechnya because of safety fears for her co-workers. Memorial said it will continue tracking human rights abuses in nearby Ingushetia. A spokesman for Chechen leader Ramzan Kadyrov, who has condemned the murder and promised to find those responsible, said a Moscow court had accepted a lawsuit from Kadyrov against Memorial head Oleg Orlov for libel after the group's chairman blamed Kadyrov for Estemirova's death.
    (Reuters, 7/20/09)

2009        Jul 24, A senior Chechen official held talks in Norway with prominent separatist figure Akhmed Zakayev, who said they had agreed to seek a political settlement of rebellion in the south Russian region.
    (Reuters, 7/24/09)

2009        Jul 26, In Chechnya a suicide bomber killed five people and wounded a number of others near a concert hall in the capital. 4 policemen died trying to prevent the bomber from entering the hall. 4 militants were found dead after an explosion in the Nazran district of Ingushetia province that borders Chechnya to the west.
    (AP, 7/26/09)

2009        Aug 11, In Chechnya Zarema Sadulayeva, the head of the Save the Generation  Chechen aid group, and her husband, Alik Dzhabrailov, were found shot dead in the trunk of their car a day after being kidnapped.
    (AP, 8/11/09)

2009        Aug 12, Chechen Interior Ministry spokesman Magomed Deniyev said 2 policemen were killed in separate attacks during the night as they returned to their homes.
    (AP, 8/12/09)

2009        Aug 13, In Chechnya a gun battle between police an 2 suspected militants left the 2 militants dead as well as 4 police officers.
    (SFC, 8/15/09, p.A3)

2009        Aug 21, In Chechnya suicide bombers on bicycles detonated explosives, killing at least four police officers and a civilian in coordinated attacks in the capital.
    (AP, 8/21/09)

2009        Aug 25, In Chechnya a suicide bombing killed three police officers at a gas station-carwash complex in the Shali region. Earlier in the day the Chechen Interior Ministry said a policeman was killed and another wounded in an overnight clash with militants.
    (AP, 8/25/09)(AP, 8/28/09)

2009        Aug 28, Two Chechen militants blew themselves up to escape capture, wounding three policemen and three civilians in the process.
    (AP, 8/28/09)

2009        Sep 4, In Ingushetia a roadside bomb blast ripped through a police car, killing three officers and wounding two others. Ingush authorities shot dead 3 insurgents. One man, identified as Rustam Dzortov, was a suspected ringleader of rebel operations in Ingushetia and had organized the suicide bombing of Ingush President Yunus Bek Yevkurov's motorcade earlier this year. The two others may have been planning a terrorist act in Moscow. In neighboring Chechnya two suspected insurgents were killed in a similar incident. The suspected insurgents were found to have explosives strapped to them, hand grenades, and train tickets to Moscow.
    (AP, 9/4/09)(AP, 9/5/09)

2009        Sep 12, In Chechnya three police were wounded when a suicide bomber blew himself up in Grozny. An alleged militant was killed in a separate incident in Chechnya.
    (AP, 9/12/09)

2009        Sep 16, In Chechnya a suicide bomber wounded six police officers in Grozny.
    (AP, 9/16/09)

2009        Oct 2, Chechen forces engaged in a 2-hour gunbattle with militants leaving 8 insurgents dead.
    (SFC, 10/3/09, p.A2)

2009        Oct 6, Chechnya's Kremlin-backed leader Ramzan Kadyrov won a defamation lawsuit against a rights activist who blamed him for the killing of a colleague whose murder sparked international outrage. Moscow's Tverskoi district court ordered Memorial rights group chairman Oleg Orlov to retract his statement that Kadyrov was responsible for Natalya Estemirova's death in 2006. Kadyrov sought 10 million rubles ($330,000) in damages, but judge Tatyana Fedosova ruled that Memorial and Orlov should only pay 70,000 rubles ($2,300 rubles).
    (AP, 10/6/09)

2009        Nov 5, Memorial, a Russian rights group, said Chechen authorities have abducted Arbi Khachukayev, a human rights advocate in Moscow, who has been critical of Chechnya's Kremlin-backed leader.
    (AP, 11/5/09)

2009        Nov 13, Chechen leader Ramzan Kadyrov said security forces had killed up to 20 Islamist rebels in a helicopter attack near the capital Grozny.
    (Reuters, 11/13/09)

2009        Nov 27, In Russia a homemade bomb planted on the tracks of the high-speed Moscow-to-St. Petersburg route, caused a derailment of the 14-car Nevsky Express. 26 people were killed and dozens more injured. Chechen militants later claimed responsibility and vowed further "acts of sabotage" in a letter posted on a rebel website.
    (AP, 11/28/09)(AP, 12/2/09)

2009        Wojciech Jagielski authored “Towers of Stone: The Battle of Wills in Chechnya.
    (Econ, 12/12/09, p.92)

2010        Jan 23, Russian PM Vladimir Putin declared that peace has returned to North Caucasus, the center of a growing Islamist insurgency, and called for the region's economy to be rebuilt. He also ordered officials in the North Caucasus to ensure what he called the "normal work" of human rights groups operating in the volatile region.
    (Reuters, 1/23/10)(AP, 1/23/10)

2010        Aug 1, In Chechnya, three unknown men armed with Kalashnikovs ambushed a police patrol in Grozny, the capital, and killed two officers.
    (AP, 8/1/10)

2010        Aug 29, Chechen police killed 12 rebels as they repulsed a raid on the Moscow-backed president's home village of Tsentoroi. 5 civilians and 2 policemen were also killed in the attack. An Islamist website, www.kavkazcenter.com, challenged the official data saying that at least 15 of Kadyrov's security officers were killed, while a total of 60 insurgents attacked the village. It said 5 rebels were killed.
    (Reuters, 8/29/10)

2010        Sep 10, Danish police surrounded a suspect in Orsted Park near the Hotel Jorgensen following a small explosion in a bathroom at the hotel. A bomb squad removed a bag wrapped around his waist with remote controlled cutting pliers. The man was later identified as Lors Doukayev, a one-legged Chechen-born boxer living in Belgium. On May 3, 2011, Doukayev was charged with terrorism for allegedly preparing a letter bomb that had likely been intended for a newspaper known for publishing cartoons of the Prophet Muhammad. On May 30, 2011, Doukayev convicted of attempted terrorism.  
    (Reuters, 9/12/10)(AP, 9/15/10)(AP, 5/3/11)(AP, 5/30/11)

2010        Sep 16, In Poland Akhmed Zakayev (51), a senior Chechen separatist wanted in Russia for alleged murder, kidnapping and terrorism, was arrested in Warsaw where he was to attend a conference organized by the World Chechen Congress. Zakayev, who lives in Britain, was apprehended "without any trouble" on an international warrant issued by Russia. Zakayev was released the next day.
    (AP, 9/17/10)(AP, 9/18/10)

2010        Oct 19, In Chechnya Islamic insurgents including a suicide bomber stormed the Parliament, leaving six people dead and 17 injured in one of the most brazen attacks on the provincial capital in months. The dead included one parliamentary official, 2 policemen and 3 insurgents.
    (AP, 10/19/10)

2010        Dec 22, A Dubai court slashed the prison terms for two men convicted in the 2009 slaying of a former Chechen warlord from life to just three years in a surprise ruling that highlighted the international intrigue surrounding the case. The family of the slain Chechen strongman, Sulim Yamadayev, had submitted a letter disavowing any desire for further punishments in connection with the killing.
    (AP, 12/22/10)

2010        Thomas de Waal authored “The Caucasus: An Introduction.”
    (Econ, 10/23/10, p.102)

2011        Jan 24, In Russia 37 people were killed and 180 injured in a suicide bombing at Moscow's Domodedovo airport. An autopsy later showed "a huge amount of highly potent narcotic and psychotropic substances in parts of the suicide bomber's body." On Feb 6 unnamed officials in the North Caucasus region said they believed Magomed Yevloyev (20) of Ingushetia, was the suicide bomber. On Feb 9 Itar-TASS reported that Yevloyev’s brother Akhmed (16) and sister Fatima (22) have been arrested. Also detained was Akhmed Aushev, a resident of the same village, Ali-Yurt, Ingushetia. On March 29 Russian investigators charged Doku Umarov, a Chechen warlord, and another militant with organizing the airport bombing. Media reports said that Umarov might be among 17 militants killed in a security raid in the province of Ingushetia west of Chechnya on March 28. On Nov 11, 2013, brothers Islam and Ilez Yandiyev and Bashir Khamkhoyev received life sentences in maximum security penal colonies on terrorism and other charges. Akhmed Yevloyev was sentenced to 10 years in a penal colony.
    (Reuters, 1/24/11)(Reuters, 1/25/11)(AP, 1/29/11)(AP, 2/3/11)(Reuters, 2/6/11)(Reuters, 2/9/11)(AP, 3/29/11)(AP, 11/11/13)

2011        Mar 5, Lawmakers in Russia's Chechnya region handed strongman leader Ramzan Kadyrov a new five-year term, unanimously approving the Kremlin nominee in a vote whose outcome was never in doubt.
    (Reuters, 3/5/11)

2011        Mar 10, Human Rights Watch issued a report saying "The enforcement of a compulsory Islamic dress code on women in Chechnya violates their rights to private life, personal autonomy, freedom of expression, and freedom of religion, thought, and conscience."
    (AP, 3/10/11)

2011        May 17, Pakistani security forces shot and killed 5 alleged suicide bombers, including three women, when they tried to attack an army checkpoint in the southwestern city of Quetta. A bomb disposal squad in its report released in Quetta on May 21 said the alleged attackers, one Tajik and 4 from Chechnya were unarmed. A post mortem report said one of the women was pregnant with 7-month baby. In October Pakistan sacked 2 police officers over the killings.
    (AFP, 5/21/11)(AFP, 10/26/11)

2011        May 31, Russian officials said the suspected triggerman in the 2006 killing of journalist Anna Politkovskaya has been arrested. Rustam Makhmudov, was arrested in Chechnya and would be transferred to Moscow.
    (AP, 5/31/11)

2011        Aug 30, In Chechnya 3 suicide bombers killed at least nine people in Grozny. One attacker blew himself up at a police post on a street about 150 meters (500 feet) from the parliament compound, killing two officers. Two others set off their explosives about 20 minutes later after more police and emergency workers had rushed to the scene.
    (AP, 8/31/11)

2011        Sep 16, In Turkey 3 Chechens were gunned down near a park in Istanbul. Chechen groups blamed Russia's secret service for the killings of the three, who were allegedly involved with Chechen militants.
    (AP, 10/12/11)

2011        Oct 12, A Turkish court began questioning a man and three alleged accomplices suspected of attempting to kill Shamsuddin Batukayev (55), a former Chechen separatist leader, in Istanbul earlier this week.
    (AP, 10/12/11)

2011        Dec 9, In China two exchange students accepted the Confucius Peace Prize on behalf of Russian PM Vladimir Putin, who was honored for enhancing Russia's status and crushing anti-government forces in Chechnya.
    (AP, 12/9/11)

2012        Feb 18, Russian police said 17 officers have been killed during a 4-day operation to wipe out several militant bands in Chechnya and Dagestan. At least 20 rebels were reported killed.
    (SSFC, 2/19/12, p.A4)

2012        Feb 27, Russian state television reported that security forces have uncovered a plot to assassinate PM Vladimir Putin and have arrested suspects linked to a Chechen rebel leader known for other terror attacks. The suspects were arrested in Ukraine's Black Sea port city of Odessa after an accidental explosion Jan. 4 while they were trying to manufacture explosives at a rented apartment.
    (AP, 2/27/12)

2012        Mar 24, Chechnya's first lady, Medni Kadyrova, displayed her Islamic fashion collection to a captivated audience in Dubai, faithful to the politics of her husband who has sought to impose Islamic dress codes in the Caucasus republic.
    (AP, 3/25/12)

2012        Apr 1, Britain’s Sunday Telegraph newspaper reported that security services have uncovered a plot to assassinate exiled Chechen separatist Akhmed Zakayev in London. The paper said it has seen documents outlining the MI5 security agency's fears that Ramzan Kadyrov, the Kremlin-backed head of Russia's volatile Chechen republic, wanted former rebel commander Zakayev killed.
    (AFP, 4/1/12)

2012        May 5, Russia's secret service agency FSB discovered ten caches of arms and ammunition over the last 48 hours in Abkhazia. The region is very close to Black Sea resort of Sochi, host of the 2014 Winter Olympics. The FSB said it suspects the attacks targeting Sochi were being masterminded by Chechen rebel leader Doku Umarov.
    (AP, 5/10/12)

2012        Sep 22, Russian officials said 4 police officers ad 4 suspected militants have been killed over the last two days in fighting in Chechnya.
    (SSFC, 9/23/12, p.A6)

2013        Jun 29, In Chechnya police said rebels have killed a Russian policeman and injured 14 others.
    (AP, 6/29/13)

2013        Sep 16, In Chechnya 3 police officers were killed by a suicide bomber who detonated a bomb in a car outside a police station.
    (Reuters, 9/16/13)

2014        Jan 17, Chechen strongman Ramzan Kadyrov said rebel leader Doku Umarov, who vowed to disrupt the Sochi Winter Olympics, is dead. Russian security services did not confirm the claim.
    (AFP, 1/17/14)

2014        Mar 18, A Chechen Islamic militant group, the Caucasus Emirate, reported that its leader, Doku Umarov (49), was dead.
    (SFC, 3/19/14, p.A2)

2014        Mar 23, In Israel Ramzan Kadyrov, the president of Russia's republic of Chechnya, inaugurated a new, $10 million mosque in the Arab village of Abu Ghosh.
    (AP, 3/23/14)

2014        Oct 5, In Chechnya a suicide bomber killed 5 police officers and injured 12 more during festivities for a local holiday in Grozny.
    (Reuters, 10/6/14)

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