1746 Mar 27, Carlo Bonaparte,
Corsican attorney, father of emperor Napoleon, was born.
1755 Corsica accomplished
centered around the leadership of Pascal Paoli, general of a Corsica
which would be Independent for 14 years. During a brief period of
independence the capital was Corte.
1765 Corsica’s National
university was founded in Corte.
1768 May 15, By the Treaty of
Versailles, France purchased Corsica from Genoa.
(SFC, 12/3/96, p.A1)(HN, 5/15/99)
1769 Aug 15, Napoleon Bonaparte
(d.1821), Emperor of France (1804-1813, 1814-1815) and continental
Europe, was born on the island of Corsica.
(WUD, 1994, p.950)(AP, 8/15/97)(HN, 8/15/02)(MC,
1779 Sep 2, Louis Napoleon
Bonaparte (d.1844), French king of the Netherlands (1806-10), was
born in Corsica. He was one of 3 younger brothers of Napoleon I.
1780 Oct 20, M. Pauline
Bonaparte, Corsican duchess of Parma and Guastalla, was born.
1785 Feb 24, Carlo Bonaparte
(39), Corsican attorney, died.
1794 Aug 21, France surrendered
the island of Corsica to the British.
1803 May 24, Charles LJL
Bonaparte, Corsican, French prince of Canino, Musignano, was born.
1820 Aug 6, M.A. Elisa
Bonaparte (43), Corsican monarch of Lucca, died.
1943 Oct 4, Some 6,600
Moroccans accounted for the bulk of the fighting force that freed
Corsica. In 2013 France honored the Moroccan veterans and fallen
soldiers who freed Corsica.
1948 Maurice Papon was the top
French official and authorized American planes loaded with weapons
bound for Israel to land on the island.
1975 The separatist militant
movement started. It initially kept its attacks limited to
government buildings. The Corsican National Liberation Front (FNLC)
(SFC, 2/10/98, p.A10)(SFC, 8/30/00, p.A14)
1981 Dec 1, 180 people were
killed when a chartered Yugoslav DC-9 jetliner slammed into a
mountain while approaching Ajaccio Airport in Corsica.
1981 Corsica’s National
university, founded in 1765, re-opened in Corte.
1996 A Corsican separatist was
shot to death and three bombs were exploded in the French-ruled
island's capital, Ajaccio. Despite limited autonomy more-militant
groups continue to battle for independence.
(WSJ, 1/2/96, p. A-1)
1996 Jan, Bombs were set off
at more than a dozen businesses and government offices by
(WSJ, 1/10/96, p.A-1)
1996 May 29, Separatists called
for self-rule. Opposition Socialists said more autonomy should be
granted and French Prime Minister Juppe rejected both demands.
(WSJ, 5/29/96, p.A1)
1996 Dec 2, Four main
separatist groups vied for power, the strongest of which was the
FLNC (Corsican National Liberation Front), whose Cuncolta political
arm was led by Francois Santoni. In the capital of Ajaccio, the
French prefect was Claude Erignac.
(SFC, 12/3/96, p.A15)
1996 Dec 6, The French National
Assembly approved tax breaks for Corsica.
(SFC, 12/7/96, p.A10)
1997 Jan 8, A car bomb
destroyed a restaurant in the town of Ghisonaccia.
(SFC, 1/9/96, p.A12)
1997 Jun 17, The Corsican
National Liberation Front announced a truce in their 22-year bombing
campaign. Negotiations with France were to follow.
(SFC, 6/18/97, p.A10)
1997 Jun 18, A bomb exploded at
a bank in Sartene.
(SFC, 6/19/97, p.A12)
1997 The Sampieru militant
group attacked a police station. A stolen Beretta pistol was used in
1998 to kill Claude Erignac.
(SFC, 2/10/98, p.A10)
1998 Jan 6, In Corsica Claude
Erignac, the French governor, was shot a killed by 2 gunmen. He was
replaced by Bernard Bonnet. Bonnet lost credibility when he ordered
an illegal bar, slated for demolition, torched.
(SFC, 2/7/98, p.A11)(SFC, 8/30/00, p.A14)
2000 Aug 7, Jean Michel Rossi,
co-author of an expose on the Corsican separatist movement, was shot
and killed along with bodyguard Jean-Claude Fratacci at a bar in
(SFC, 8/11/00, p.A14)
2000 Aug 29, In France Interior
Minister Jean-Pierre Chevenement resigned over a proposed peace plan
for Corsica. The plan offered limited rights to pass laws beginning
in 2004 for the 250,000 inhabitants.
(SFC, 8/30/00, p.A12)
2005 Oct 1, Riot police
forcibly expelled striking union workers who had blockaded ports in
Corsica and southeastern France for days to protest against the
planned privatization of a state-run ferry operator.
2009 Aug 12, A French teenager
(16) shot and killed his parents and twin brothers, apparently while
they were asleep in their home on the island of Corsica.
2010 Jan 22, Some 124 refugees,
who said they are Kurds and Tunisians, landed on the southern shore
of Corsica after a lengthy journey at sea.
2012 Feb 11, In Europe snow
drifts reaching up to rooftops kept tens of thousands of villagers
prisoners in their own homes as the death toll from the big freeze
rose past 550. On the French Mediterranean island of Corsica snow
was up to one meter thick in the higher villages and all flights
were cancelled from Bastia airport.
2012 Jul 2, Corsican separatist
gunmen (FNLC) attacked the luxury holiday villa of a French banker,
evacuated the occupants and detonated 4 explosives inside.
(SFC, 7/3/12, p.A2)
2012 Nov 14, On France’s island
of Corsica Jacques Nacer, a shopkeeper and chief of Corsica's
chamber of commerce, was killed. He was the second high-profile
killing on the island in a month.
2012 Dec 7, On the French
island of Corsica a man was shot dead and at least 17 houses were
bombed. The vacation destination is also home to criminal gangs and
a simmering homegrown nationalist movement.