Timeline Crimea

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1015        Vladimir I (b.958), a prince of Novgorod and grand prince of Kiev, died. He had married the sister of Byzantine Emp. Basil II and was baptized in Crimea. Originally a Slavic pagan, Vladimir had converted to Christianity in 988 and Christianized the Kievan Rus. His domain split into warring fiefs that eventually gave rise to Belarus, Russia and Ukraine.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vladimir_I_of_Kiev)(Econ, 11/5/16, p.44)

1783        Dec 28, The Ottoman Empire signed an agreement with Russia that recognized the loss of Crimea and other territories that had been held by the Khanate. Catherine the Great annexed the Crimea to the Russian empire. 83% or the residents were Tatars.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Annexation_of_Crimea_by_the_Russian_Empire)(SFC, 1/4/99, p.A8)(Econ, 2/25/06, p.55)

1790        Jul 19, The naval Battle of Kerch Strait (also known as Battle of Yenikale, by the old Turkish name of the strait near Kerch) took place near Kerch, Crimea, and was a slight victory for Imperial Russia over the Ottoman Empire during the Russo-Turkish War, 1787-1792.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Kerch_Strait_(1790))

1792        Jan 9, The Treaty of Jassy was signed recognizing Russia's 1783 annexation of the Crimean Khanate. The Ottomans signed a treaty with the Russians ending a five year war.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russo-Turkish_War_(1787%E2%80%931792))(HN, 1/9/99)

1890        A metalic likeness of Catherine the Great was erected in Simferepol, the capital of Crimea, to commemorate the century of her capture of the peninsula.
    (Econ, 6/8/19, p.48)

2014        Jun 10, Russia’s PM Dmitry Medvedev gave the government's blessing to Aeroflot’s new low-cost airline serving newly-annexed Crimea, as he inspected a Dobrolyot (Good Flight) Boeing-737 ahead of its maiden flight from Moscow's Sheremetyevo Airport.
    (Reuters, 6/10/14)

2015        Mar 31, Crimea's independent television station ATR went off air at midnight after Russian authorities repeatedly refused to give it a broadcasting license.
    (AP, 4/1/15)

2015        Nov 21, An explosion in Ukraine's Kherson region bordering Crimea cut the two working power lines to the peninsula.
    (AFP, 11/22/15)

2015        Nov 22, Crimea declared a state of emergency after its main electricity lines from Ukraine were blown up, leaving the Russian-annexed peninsula in darkness after the second such attack in as many days.
    (AFP, 11/22/15)

2015        Nov 23, Ukraine ordered a halt to all delivery of goods to Crimea. PM Arseniy Yatsenyuk described the halt as temporary, but added that he had ordered the Cabinet to prepare a draft of a "concrete" halt of goods and services from Ukraine to Crimea.
    (AP, 11/23/15)
2015        Nov 23, Pro-Ukrainian activists prevented repairs to sabotaged power lines leading to Crimea, keeping the Russian-annexed peninsula starved of electricity for a second day and tensions between Moscow and Kiev high.
    (Reuters, 11/23/15)

2015        Nov 24, Power cuts in Crimea affected nearly 940,000 people as tensions raged between Kiev and Moscow over the annexed peninsula and Russia threatened to cut off gas supplies to Ukraine.
    (AFP, 11/24/15)

2015        Dec 8, The administration in Ukraine's Kherson region said that Ukraine has restored electricity to the Russian-occupied Crimean peninsula.
    (AP, 12/8/15)

2015        Dec 16, Ukraine accused Russia of looting two of its oil rigs after Crimea-based oil and gas firm Chornomornaftogaz moved the equipment off the coast of the annexed peninsula into Russian waters.
    (Reuters, 12/16/15)

2015        Dec 31, Electricity from Ukraine to the Russia-annexed Crimean peninsula was cut again after the collapse of a power pylon.
    (AP, 12/31/15)

2016        Apr 26, The Supreme Court in the Russia-annexed peninsula Crimea banned a Crimean Tatar group in the latest step to marginalize the minority.
    (AP, 4/26/16)

2016        Jun 17, The EU rolled over for another year sanctions imposed to protest Russia's 2014 annexation of Crimea from Ukraine, which the bloc deems illegal.
    (AFP, 6/17/16)

2016        Aug 11, Ukraine's president ordered the army to be on combat alert on the country's de-facto border with Crimea and on the front line in eastern Ukraine following Moscow's accusations that Ukraine sent in "saboteurs" to carry out attacks in Crimea.
    (AP, 8/11/16)

2016        Aug 18, Prominent Crimean Tatar activist Ilmi Umerov (59) was incarcerated in a psychiatric hospital in Simferopol to undergo forced sanity testing. He was charged with calling for extremism in the Russian-annexed peninsula. Earlier this month he was forcibly moved from an ordinary hospital where he was receiving treatment for a suspected heart attack.
    (AP, 8/26/16)

2016        Nov 8, European Union finance ministers agreed on new targeted sanctions against Crimean officials, adding to restrictive measures adopted after Russia's annexation of Crimea in 2014.
    (Reuters, 11/8/16)

2016        Dec 14, A Dutch court ruled that a priceless collection of gold artifacts from Crimea that was on loan to a Dutch museum when Russia seized the peninsula must be returned to Ukraine and not Crimea.
    (Reuters, 12/14/16)

2016        Dec 27, Russia activated a pipeline carrying Russian gas to Crimea with President Vladimir Putin hailing it as a step that would power economic growth on a peninsula Moscow annexed from Ukraine in 2014.
    (Reuters, 12/27/16)

2017        Jan 17, Ukraine said it has filed a case against Russia at the United Nations' highest court, accusing Moscow of illegally annexing Crimea and illicitly funding separatist rebel groups in eastern Ukraine. Kiev also is seeking compensation for deadly incidents including the 2014 shooting down of Malaysia Airlines Flight 17.
    (AP, 1/17/17)

2017        Mar 6, Ukraine’s deputy foreign minister accused Russia of financing terrorism by shipping arms, ammunition and funds to separatist rebels in eastern Ukraine and of discriminating against non-Russians in the annexed Crimean Peninsula.
    (SFC, 3/7/17, p.A2)

2017        Mar 13, The EU said it has prolonged for six months until Sept. 15 a blacklist of Russian and Crimean individuals and firms accused of undermining Ukraine's integrity and independence.
    (Reuters, 3/13/17)

2017        Apr 19, Judges at the UN's highest court rejected a Ukrainian interim request to order Russia to stop supporting troops in the east of the country, saying its request did not meet legal requirements under an international terrorism treaty. The court ordered Russia to halt discrimination of ethnic Crimean Tartars.
    (Reuters, 4/19/17)

2017        Jun 30, Russia’s President Vladimir Putin extended Russian counter-sanctions on the European Union until the end of 2018. Russia said it has suspended payments to the Council of Europe for this year, retaliation for its delegation there being stripped of its voting rights after the annexation of Crimea.
    (Reuters, 6/30/17)

2017        Aug 20, It was reported that a Moscow court has rejected a request by Siemens to seize its gas turbines, which have turned up in Crimea contrary to EU sanctions, and to ban their installation ahead of preliminary hearings next month.
    (Reuters, 8/20/17)

2017        Sep 11, In Russian-controlled Crimea Tatar leader Ahtem Chiygoz was jailed for eight years in the disputed territory. He was found guilty of stirring up mass disorder by calling street demonstrations in February 2014 against a referendum which later sealed Russia's seizure of the peninsula.
    (Reuters, 9/11/17)

2017        Sep 25, The UN human rights office said in a report that Russia is violating international law in Crimea, including by imposing Russian citizenship on its people and deliberately transferring hundreds of prisoners and detainees to prisons in Russia.
    (AP, 9/25/17)

2017        Sep 27, A Russian court found Ilmi Umerov (60), a Crimean dissident opposed to Russia's annexation of Ukraine's Crimea, guilty of separatism and sentenced him to two years in a prison colony. Umerov, who suffers from Parkinson's disease and attacks of high blood pressure, was deputy head of the Crimean Tatars' semi-official Mejlis legislature before it was suspended by Moscow after it took control of the peninsula in 2014.
    (Reuters, 9/27/17)

2017        Oct 11, Russia’s domestic security agency said it has detained six people in Crimea accused of involvement in an extremist organization, a move described by one of the suspects' lawyer as part of Moscow's crackdown on the Crimean Tatars.
    (AP, 10/11/17)

2017        Oct 25, Crimean Tatar activists Ilmi Umerov and Ahtem Chiygoz, who opposed to Moscow's annexation of Ukraine's Crimea region, were released from prison and flown to Turkey. Ukraine President Petro Poroshenko thanked Turkey's president for helping broker the release.
    (AP, 10/25/17)(Reuters, 10/27/17)

2017        Oct 27, Crimean Tatar activists Ilmi Umerov and Ahtem Chiygoz, released from Russian custody on Oct. 25, arrived in Ukraine said they would travel back to the annexed peninsula and campaign for the freedom of other political prisoners and the return of Crimea to Ukraine.
    (Reuters, 10/27/17)

2017        Nov 14, Human Rights Watch said Russian authorities have intensified a crackdown on Crimean Tatars in an apparent bid to silence dissent on the Black Sea Peninsula.
    (SFC, 11/16/17, p.A2)

2018        Jan 13, Russia deployed a new division of S-400 surface-to-air missiles in Crimea, in an escalation of military tensions on the Crimean peninsula.
    (AP, 1/13/18)

2018        May 15, Russian Pres. Vladimir Putin, driving a truck, unveiled the auto section of a new 11.8-mile, road-and-rail bridge linking Russia's Taman Peninsula to the annexed Crimea, defying Ukraine which said the move showed cynical disregard for international law.
    (Reuters, 5/15/18)(SFC, 5/17/18, p.A2)

2018        Jun 18, The EU said it has extended restrictions on doing business with companies or officials in Ukraine's Crimea region an d the city of Sevastopol for a year over Russia's annexation of the peninsula.
    (SFC, 6/19/18, p.A2)

2018        Jun 21, It was reported that Crimea has stepped up grain exports to Syria over the past year in an arrangement that gives the Black Sea peninsula an outlet for its surplus crops and ensures President Bashar al-Assad has a reliable source of wheat.
    (Reuters, 6/21/18)

2018        Jul 31, The EU expanded its sanctions against Moscow to include companies that helped build a bridge from mainland Russia to Kremlin-annexed Crimea, which it says violates Ukraine's sovereignty.
    (AFP, 7/31/18)

2018        Aug 3, In Crimea employees said US firm Best Western Hotels & Resorts, the last Western hotel chain still in Crimea, has pulled out because of sanctions imposed after Russia annexed the region from Ukraine.
    (Reuters, 8/3/18)

2018        Oct 17, In Russian-annexed Crimea 20 people were killed and dozens more wounded, most of them teenagers, after a student opened fire at the Kerch Polytechnical College. Investigators identified the attacker as Vladislav Roslyakov (18), a fourth-year student whose body was found "with a gunshot wound" on the premises.
    (AFP, 10/17/18)(Reuters, 10/19/18)

2018        Nov 26, Ukraine's biggest state-run bank said an arbitration court in Paris has ruled that Russia must pay $1.3 billion in damages for property seized in the annexation of Crimea.
    (AP, 11/26/18)

2018        Nov 27, Russia's TASS news agency reported that a court in Russian-annexed Crimea ordered the first of 24 Ukrainian navy sailors captured by Russia to be detained for two months.
    (Reuters, 11/27/18)

2018        Nov 29, Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko accused Russia's Vladimir Putin of wanting to annex his entire country and called for NATO to deploy warships to a sea shared by the two nations. Ukrainian border guards said all non-Ukrainians will be barred from crossing into the Russia-occupied Crimean peninsula by land after martial law went into effect.
    (Reuters, 11/29/18)(AP, 11/29/18)

2019        Mar 18, In Crimea Russian flags flew across Simferopol as Pres. Vladimir Putin flew in to mark the fifth anniversary of Moscow's internationally condemned annexation of the peninsula from Ukraine. Putin inaugurated two new power stations in Crimea.
    (AFP, 3/18/19)(Reuters, 3/18/19)
2019        Mar 18, The European Union and NATO condemned Russia's 2014 annexation of Ukraine's Crimean Peninsula five years after Moscow declared the region Russian territory.
    (AP, 3/18/19)

2019        Mar 20, Ukraine's Pres. Petro Poroshenko ordered new sanctions against Russian companies and individuals involved in construction and other activities in Crimea.
    (SFC, 3/21/19, p.A2)

2019        Sep 13, Russia's Ministry of Transport said the state had bought passenger carriages and locomotives for a new rail route linking Russian cities to Crimea, but declined to say who had supplied the new rolling stock.
    (Reuters, 9/13/19)

2019        Nov 8, The United Nations' highest court ruled that it has jurisdiction in a case brought by Ukraine that alleges Russia breached treaties on terrorist financing and racial discrimination following its annexation of Crimea by arming rebels in eastern Ukraine and reining in the rights of ethnic Tartars and other minorities.
    (AP, 11/8/19)

2019        Dec 9, The UN's general assembly passed a resolution condemning Russia's occupation of Crimea and the city of Sebastopol and urging the withdrawal of its military forces "without delay".
    (The Telegraph, 12/9/19)

2019        Dec 23, Russia's President Vladimir Putin stood in the driver's cabin of a train for the official opening of a railway bridge that links annexed Crimea to southern Russia. The bridge for car traffic opened in May last year when the president drove a truck across it.
    (AFP, 12/23/19)

2019        Dec 25, Ukrainian officials opened a criminal probe after a passenger train from Russia arrived in Crimea via a new Russian-built bridge, arguing that the train illegally carried people across the Ukrainian border.
    (AP, 12/25/19)

2020        Jan 28, The European Union added seven Russian-backed officials in Crimea to its sanctions blacklist for organizing local elections in the peninsula last year.
    (Reuters, 1/28/20)

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