Timeline Djibouti

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Djibouti History: http://www.africanet.com/countries/djibouti.htm#HISTORY

Coast of northeast Africa between Eritrea and Somali. Formerly French Territory of the Afars and Issas, French Somaliland.
    (WSJ, 1/2/98, p.8)(WUD, 1994, p.420)
Djibouti is ethnically Somali.
    (Econ, 2/26/11, p.54)
Chewing qat, a mild stimulant, is a national pastime.
    (SFC, 12/28/02, p.A6)(Econ, 10/8/05, p.58)

1977        Jun 27, The Republic of Djibouti gained independence from France with Hassan Gouled as the first president.
    (SFC, 12/28/02, p.A6)(AP, 6/27/07)(Econ, 3/22/08, p.55)

1993        The Afar Revolutionary Democratic Unity Front was launched in the land of the Afars, over territory that straddled Ethiopia, Eritrea and Djibouti. The Afars numbered some 2 million and their territory had previously been called the French Territory of Afars and Issas.
    (Econ, 3/10/07, p.44)

1995        Oct, In Djibouti the half-burned body of French judge Bernard Borrel was found at the foot of a ravine 80 kilometers (50 miles) from the town of Djibouti. A former French military intelligence officer later testified that Borrel was investigating President Ismael Omar Guelleh, who was then a candidate for the top job.
    (AFP, 7/15/07)

1999        May 8, Ismail Guelleh (b.1947), elected in April as the 2nd president of Djibouti, assumed office. He succeeded his uncle Hassan Gouled Aptidon.
    (Econ, 3/22/08, p.55)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ismail_Omar_Guelleh)

1999        Nov 26, Sudan signed a peace agreement with the opposition Umma Party in Djibouti to end the 16-year old civil war.
    (SFC, 11/27/99, p.A15)

2000        May 2, Pres. Ismael Omar Guelleh set up talks in Arta to establish a government for Somalia.
    (SFC, 8/14/00, p.A1)

2000        May, the government signed over the management of the port to Dubai Ports Int’l. for the next 20 years.
    (WSJ, 10/16/00, p.C17A)

2000        Aug 13, Over 2,000 Somali leaders gathered in Djibouti to form a central government with a new 225-member parliament.
    (SFC, 8/14/00, p.A1)

2001        The Djibouti government gave the US military free land, free rein and full secrecy for a forward base to fight al Qaeda and other terrorists.
    (SFC, 12/28/02, p.A6)

2002        A survey of 1,000 women giving birth at Djibouti's Peltier Hospital concluded that 98 percent of women had been circumcised, of whom the vast majority had been infibulated.
    (AP, 11/10/04)

2003        Jan 10, Djiboutians chose a new 65-seat parliament in elections. Parties allied with Pres. Ismael Omar Guelleh swept Djibouti's first multi-party legislative elections. The bloc of four parties known as the Union for the Presidential Majority, or UMP, won 62.7 percent of the vote to 37.3 percent for the four-party opposition alliance known as the Union for a Democratic Alternative.
    (AP, 1/10/03)(AP, 1/11/03)

2003        Jun 22, In Djibouti an explosion caused by a bomb dropped from a B-52 killed a U.S. Marine and wounded eight U.S. service members during a training exercise.
    (AP, 6/22/03)(WSJ, 6/24/03, p.A1)

2005        Djibouti President Ismail Omar Guelleh was re-elected with no opposition.
    (AP, 2/18/11)

2006        Feb 17, Two US CH-53E helicopters crashed off the coast of Djibouti. Only 2 of 12 crew members survived.
    (AP, 2/19/06)

2008        Mar 22, Population if Djibouti was about 800,000.
    (Econ, 3/22/08, p.55)

2008        May 6, Djibouti, a key US ally in the Horn of Africa, urged the UN Security Council to take immediate action to prevent a conflict with its northern neighbor Eritrea.
    (AP, 5/6/08)

2008        Jun 10, Fighting between Djibouti and Eritrea killed nine Djiboutians and wounded 60 others. The UN Security Council joined the US on June 12 in condemning the Eritrean military action.
    (AP, 6/12/08)

2008        Jul 28, Tarek bin Laden signed a deal with Djibouti to build Noor City, the first of a hundred “Cities of Light" that the Saudi Binladen Group planned around the world. Plans called for the city to have 2.5 million people by 2025 and 4.5 million for its Yemeni twin.
    (Econ, 8/2/08, p.50)(www.railpage.com.au/f-p1093077.htm)

2008        Oct 16, The European Commission announced 15 million euros (20 million dollars) of emergency food aid for victims of drought and soaring food prices in five east African countries. The biggest share will go to Ethiopia and Somalia and smaller amounts to Kenya, Uganda and Djibouti.
    (AFP, 10/16/08)

2009        The US helped fund a training camp for nearly 1,000 Somali soldiers in neighboring Djibouti. The French-trained troops were supposed to earn $100 per month, but about half of them deserted because they were not paid. Some returned to ordinary life and others joined the al-Shabab rebels.
    (SFC, 4/28/10, p.A3)

2010        Djibouti’s Pres. Ismael Omar Guelleh changed the constitution to allow himself at least 6 more years in office. Elections were scheduled for 2011.
    (Econ, 2/26/11, p.54)

2011        Jan 28, Djibouti's first political rally broke out after the Muslim country's Friday prayers. Democracy International estimated that 2,000 to 3,000 people attended.
    (AP, 2/18/11)

2011        Feb 9, In Djibouti the president of the Djiboutian League of Human Rights, was arrested after reporting on the arrests of students and members of opposition political parties following the demonstrations, according to Human Rights Watch.
    (AP, 2/18/11)

2011        Feb 18, In Djibouti thousands of demonstrators gathered in the tiny East African city state to demand that the president step down after two terms, the latest in a series of rallies modeled after political demonstrations across Africa and the Middle East. At least 2 people were killed.
    (AP, 2/18/11)(Econ, 2/26/11, p.54)

2011        Mar 4, In Djibouti soldiers and police filled the streets to prevent a planned demonstration against Pres. Ismail Omar Guelleh by opposition parties. Djibouti, a city-state  that lies across the Gulf of Aden from Yemen, hosts several military bases, including Camp Lemonnier, the only US base in Africa.
    (AP, 3/4/11)(AP, 2/22/13)

2011        Apr 8, Voters in Djibouti, which hosts the only US military base in Africa, cast ballots for president in an election boycotted by most opposition parties.
    (AP, 4/8/11)

2011        Jul 13, The United Nations made its first aid delivery to a rebel-held Somalia region after the insurgents lifted a ban on the operations of foreign aid agencies. The worst drought in 60 years affected over 10 million people in northern Kenya, south-eastern Ethiopia, southern Somalia and Djibouti.
    (AFP, 7/17/11)(Econ, 7/9/11, p.44)

2011        Aug 19, The UN said tens of thousands of people have already died in Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia. It warned that the famine has not peaked and that 12 million people in the area need food aid.
    (AP, 8/20/11)

2011        Nov 21, The World Health Organization said 5,000 cases of Acute Watery Diarrhea (AWD) have already been reported this year in Djibouti compared to 2,000 in 2010. Djibouti reported two deaths since October and 127 new cases this month.
    (AFP, 11/21/11)

2011        Dec 20, In Somalia 200 troops from Djibouti arrived in Mogadishu to join the African Union force that helps protect the government and fight Islamist insurgents.
    (AP, 12/20/11)

2011        The population of Djibouti was about 750,000.
    (AP, 2/18/11)

2012        Feb 18, In Djibouti an American reconnaissance plane crashed 6 miles (10km) from the only US base in Africa, killing four service members on board, after returning from a mission in support of the war in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 2/20/12)

2013        Feb 22, Voters in the tiny East African nation of Djibouti cast ballots in the nation's parliamentary elections. Opposition political parties were eligible to win seats for the first time.
    (AP, 2/22/13)

2013        May, Some 60% of Djibouti’s inhabitants, among the poorest in Africa, were unemployed.
    (Econ, 5/4/13, p.49)

2014        May 24, In Djibouti a suicide bombing at a restaurant filled with Western military personnel killed three people and wounded at least 15. Two Somalis were suspected of carrying out the attack.
    (Reuters, 5/25/14)

2014        Oct 27, UN chief Ban Ki-moon announced at the start of a visit to Ethiopia that the EU and several regional development banks have pledged $8 billion in development aid for projects across eight countries in the Horn of Africa. Countries targeted are Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, and Uganda.
    (AFP, 10/27/14)(AP, 10/27/14)

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