6000BC Researchers in 2007 reported that evidence for the use of chili peppers date back to this time in Ecuador. Botanists if general agreed that chili peppers originated in Bolivia. Evidence for early use was also found in the Bahamas, Colombia, Panama, Peru and Venezuela.
c500 The Manteno people inhabited the area of northern Ecuador. It was believed that they ran a vast maritime empire and traded with the Aztecs in Mexico and made voyages of 3,000-4,000 miles. In 1998 a team led by John Haslett
(34) attempted to duplicate their maritime voyages with a 20-ton, 60-foot balsa raft.
(SFC, 1/6/99, p.A8)
1509-1520 The Spanish colonized the area of Nueva Granada (modern Colombia, Ecuador,
1533 Aug 29, Francisco Pizarro captured Cuzco and completed his conquest of Peru. He
ordered the imprisonment and murder of Atahualpa, the last ruler of the Inca Empire. Ruminahui (Rumanahui), a general of Atahualpa, led 15,000 soldiers into the mountains north of Quito, after Pizarro killed the Inca emperor Atahualpa. His forces carried an estimated 70,000 man-loads of gold.
(TL-MB, 1988, p.14)(AP,
8/29/97)(SFEC, 7/5/98, p.A10)(SFEC, 8/9/98, p.A15)
1534 Dec 6, Quito, Ecuador, was founded by Spanish.
1535 Mar 10, Bishop Tomas de Berlanga discovered the Galapagos Islands.
1599 In Ecuador Andres Sanchez Gallque painted the New World’s first signed and dated portrait: “Don Francisco de la Robe and His sons Pedro and Domingo” (The Mulatto Gentlemen of
(WSJ, 9/21/06, p.D6)(http://tinyurl.com/zn644)
1735 A French expedition to South America was led by Charles-Marie de la Condamine. It produced the
earliest maps of the northern part of the continent and led to the introduction of platinum and rubber to Europe. In 2004 Robert Whitaker authored “The Mapmaker’s Wife: A True Tale of Love, Murder, and Survival in the Amazon.” It was an account of Jean Godin (d.1792), the expedition’s mapmaker, and his wife, Isabel Grameson. The couple married in Quito in
(Econ, 5/15/04, p.81)(ON, 5/05, p.1)
1749 Mar, Jean Godin, French geographer, left Quito, part of the Viceroyalty of Peru (later Ecuador), in an attempt to
reach France to settle his family estate. He traveled by an eastern route across South America and became stranded in French Guiana for over 20 years. In 2004 Robert Whitaker authored “The Mapmaker’s Wife: A True Tale of Love, Murder, and Survival in the Amazon.” It was an account of Jean Godin (d.1792), French mapmaker, and his wife, Isabel Godin. They managed to reunite in
(Econ, 5/15/04, p.81)(ON, 5/05, p.4)
1769 Oct 1, Isabel Godin, the wife of French surveyor Jean Godin, departed Riobamba, Ecuador, with an escort of 31 Indians
in an effort to reach her husband in French Guiana.
(ON, 5/05, p.2)
1770 Jul 18, Isabel Godin, having traveled from Ecuador the length of the Amazon, reunited with
her husband Jean Godin in French Guiana.
(ON, 5/05, p.4)
1783-1830 Simon Bolivar, called "the Liberator," was a leader in Venezuela for struggles of national independence in South
America. He formed a Gran Columbia that lasted 8 years but broke apart into Venezuela, Colombia and Ecuador.
(AHD, p.148)(SFC, 6/14/97, p.E3)
1797 Feb 4, Earthquake
in Quito, Ecuador, some killed 40,000 people. Riobamba was destroyed.
1809 Aug 10, Ecuador struck
its first blow for independence from Spain.
1813 Apr, Captain David Porter of the U.S. Navy sailed the USS Essex into the Galapagos Archipelago after
a six month journey around Cape Horn, eager to find a way to help his country in their powder-keg relations with Great Britain. Capt. Porter made his first landfall at a place called Post Office Bay, on Charles Island, and raided the barrel there that served as the informal but effective communications link between whaling ships and the outside world. The primitive post box, a barrel system of
drop-off and pick-up, had been established some 20 years earlier, but its efficiency had become well-known. Inside of half a year, Capt. Porter and the Essex had captured 12 British whalers and devastated the whale British industry in the Pacific, forcing a reallocation of Royal Navy ships to far from the "home front" in North America.
1820 Nov 25, A truce was signed at Trujillo. Gen. Antonio Jose de Sucre arranged the 6-month armistice on behalf of Bolivar. It was not recognized by the Spanish
president of Quito.
1822 May 24, At Battle of Pichincha (Ecuador) General Sucre (1795-1830) won a decisive victory
against Spanish forces. Shortly after the battle, Sucre and Bolivar entered the newly-liberated Quito and Sucre was named President of the Province of Quito, which formed Gran Colombia with Venezuela and Colombia.
1826-1828 Gen. Antonio Jose de Sucre (1793-1830), Venezuela-born national hero of Ecuador, served as president of Bolivia.
1828 The Republic of Gran Colombia fell apart due to political rivalries between its constituent provinces. Colombia, Ecuador and Venezuela became independent
(ON, 3/05, p.2)
1830 Jun 4, Gen. Antonio Jose de Sucre (b.1793), Venezuela-born national hero of Ecuador, was shot to death near Pasto, Colombia.
Ecuador’s national currency, the sucre, was named after him.
(SFC, 9/8/00, p.D2)(www.famousamericans.net/antoniojosedesucre/)
1830 Dec 17, Simon Bolivar (b.1783),
called "the Liberator," died of TB in Santa Marta, in Colombia. He was a leader in Venezuela for struggles of national independence in South America. He formed a Gran Colombia that lasted 8 years, but broke apart into Venezuela, Colombia and Ecuador. In 2006 John Lynch authored “Simon Bolivar: A Life.”
p.148)(SFC, 6/14/97, p.E3)(AP, 12/17/97)(Econ, 7/1/06, p.77)
1832-1889 Juan Montalvo, Ecuadorian essayist and political writer: "There is nothing harder than the softness of indifference."
1835 Sep 15, HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin reached the Galapagos Islands, a scattering of 19 small islands and scores of islets.
(SFC, 12/4/94, p.
1835 Sep 17, Charles Darwin landed on Chatham in the Galapagos archipelago.
1835 Sep 23, HMS Beagle sailed to Charles Island in the Galapagos archipelago.
1835 Oct 8, HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin reached James Island, Galapagos archipelago.
1835 Oct 20, HMS Beagle left the Galapagos Archipelago and sailed to Tahiti.
1906 Jan 31,
A magnitude 8.8 quake off the coast of Ecuador and Colombia. It generated a tsunami that killed at least 500 people.
1922 May 29, Ecuador became
1934 Sep 1, Jose Maria Velasco (1893-1979) began serving as president of Ecuador. He served 5 terms, but only one (1952-1956) without
being ousted by the army.
1941 Peru and Ecuador went to war over a border
(WSJ, 1/20/98, p.A1)
1942 A treaty set the 1,050-mile border between Peru and Ecuador, but a 49-mile stretch in the Cordillera del Condor region was not
(SFC, 10/17/98, p.A14)
1945 Feb 14, Peru, Paraguay, Chile and Ecuador joined the United Nations.
1947 Feb 12, A record 100.5-kg sailfish was caught by C.W. Stewart off the Galapagos Islands, Ecuador.
1949 Feb 13, A mob burned a radio station in Ecuador after the broadcast of H.G. Wells’ "War of the Worlds."
1952 Feb 26, The U.S. signed a military aid pact with Ecuador.
1955 Ecuador ratified the 1954 OAS convention on diplomatic asylum.
(Economist, 9/15/12, p.16)
1956 In Ecuador members of the Auca tribe killed 5 missionary men of the Plymouth Brethren. The Auca are also known as Tagaeri or Jivaro.
(WSJ, 1/17/03, p.W13)(SFC, 9/3/04, p.W2)
1957 Rolf Blomberg published "Buried Treasure and the Anacondas," an account of the search for Inca treasure in the Llanganati Mountains, Ecuador.
1958 Colombian Dr. Alberto Vejarano Laverde and engineer Jorge Reynolds Pombo developed the first artificial pacemaker with internal electrodes and external electronic unit and implanted it into Gerardo Florez (70), a priest from
Ecuador, who then lived another 18 years.
(Econ, 3/9/13, TQ p.6)(http://tinyurl.com/3rgfcqq)
1959 Ecuador turned 97% of the Galapagos Islands into a national
(SSFC, 12/22/02, p.M6)
1959 Ecuador’s population was estimated at 4.1 million.
(WUD, 1994, p. 453)
1960 Carlos Julio Arosemena (d.2004), was elected vice president of Ecuador.
1961 Carlos Julio Arosemena (d.2004) rose to the presidency of Ecuador following the ouster of President Velasco Ibarra in a military coup.
1961 Nicole Hughes Maxwell (d.1998 at 92) wrote "Witch Doctor’s Apprentice: Hunting for Medicinal Plants in the Amazon," an account of her experiences in the upper Amazon with native Indians and their medicines. She was a founder of
the Ecuadoran Institute of Geography and Ethnology.
(SFEC, 5/24/98, p.B6)
1963 Carlos Julio Arosemena, president of Ecuador, was deposed in a military
1964-1992 Texaco dumped some 18 billion gallons of toxic waste into open pits, estuaries and rivers and allegedly polluted some 2.5 million acres of pristine rain forest. Texaco
merged with Chevron in 2001 and a suit over the toxic waste went to trial in Ecuador in 2003.
(SFC, 5/1/03, A8)(SFC, 10/21/03, p.A3)
1972 Feb 15, A left-leaning
military coup in Ecuador, led by Guillermo Rodríguez Lara, removed, Pres. Velasco Ibarra from office for the fifth time. Military rule continued to 1979.
(www.yachana.org/indmovs/chronology.php)(WSJ, 12/6/95, p.A-1)(USAT, 2/11/97, p.5A)
1978 Jul 3, The Amazon Pact was established. Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela signed the Amazon Pact, a Brazilian initiative designed to coordinate the joint development of the Amazon Basin.
1978 UNESCO named Ecuador’s 19 Galapagos Islands a World Heritage Site.
12/22/02, p.M6)(Econ, 8/28/10, p.49)
1979 Apr 29, Democracy was restored in Ecuador. Jaime Roldos Aguilera was elected as president in a 2nd round of voting. He was killed in plane crash in 1981.
(AP, 4/21/05)(Econ, 10/14/06, p.39)(www.binghamton.edu/cdp/era/elections/ecu79pres.html)
1981-1984 Osvaldo Hurtado, Jaime Roldos' vice president, served as president of Ecuador.
1982 Ten goats were abandoned on Ecuador’s Galapagos Isabella Island and by 2002 increased to over 100,000.
1984-1988 Leon Febres Cordero as president of Ecuador.
1984 Abdala Bucaram was elected mayor of Guayaquil, the Ecuador’s largest city. He left the country shortly thereafter when an arrest warrant was issued for him for insulting the armed forces. He had said that the army was useless and wasted half the nation’s budget on marching in the country’s independence day
(WSJ, 7/3/96, p.A8)
1987 Mar 13, The president of Ecuador announced his country had suspended payments on its foreign debt after earthquakes killed hundreds
of people and ruptured the country's main oil pipeline. The quake destroyed nearly 25 miles of oil pipeline.
(AP, 3/13/97)(SFC, 5/1/03, A8)
1987 In Ecuador members
of the Tagaeri tribe killed Spanish Bishop Alejandro Lavaca and Colombian nun Ines Arango with poison-tipped spears. The 2 had been dropped in by an oil company helicopter to bring the word of god and discuss the arrival of oil workers.
(SFC, 9/3/04, p.W2)
1988 Febres Cordero's four-year presidential term ended, but as the combative leader of the rightist Social Christians, Ecuador's largest and best organized party, he continued to dominate Congress and the courts for the next 15 years.
1988-1992 Rodrigo Borja served as president of Ecuador.
1991-1993 Ecuador’s government overestimated domestic crude oil demand and to boost its share of production from Texaco operated wells. It then sold the oil on int’l. markets depriving Texaco of profits. In 2011 Chevron, which acquired Texaco in 2001, won a $96 million judgement against
(SFC, 9/1/11, p.D3)
1991-1995 Argentina shipped weapons to Ecuador and Croatia. The guns were initially shipped to Panama and Bolivia and the Argentine
government later blamed arms dealers for their diversion.
(SFEC, 10/25/98, p.A24)
1992 Aug 10, Sixto Duran Ballen (b.1921), US-born architect, began serving as
president of Ecuador. His term lasted to 1996.
1992 Ecuador left OPEC, after nearly two decades of
membership, with an outstanding debt of $5.7 million. In 2007 it planned to rejoin OPEC.
(WSJ, 10/9/07, p.A11)
1992 Texaco quit drilling in Ecuador after nearly 30
years. It left behind a toxic dump of some 1.8 million gallons of spilled crude oil.
(SFC, 5/1/03, A8)
1994 Luis Noboa died at the age of 78. The Noboas family
dominated the banana business in Ecuador.
(WSJ, 12/6/95, p.A-1)
1995 Ecuador’s population was 11 million people of which about 3 million earned their livelihood from
the banana business.
(WSJ, 12/1/95, p.A-10)
1995 Ecuador engaged in a border war with Peru. Ecuador defended the Tiwintza Hill against a Peruvian assault. Argentine
arms were transported to Ecuador by the US Fine Air airline owned by Barry and Lary Fine. The Fine brothers were tried in absentia in Lima in 1997.
(SFC,10/22/97, p.A10)(SFC, 10/24/98, p.A12)
1996 Mar 29, An earthquake in central Ecuador killed 29 people.
(SFC, 4/6/96, p.A-13)
1996 May 20, In
Ecuador elections were held to replace Pres. Sixto Duran Ballen, Christian Democrat Jaime Nebot led but a runoff was possible.
(WSJ, 5/20/96, P.A1)(SFC, 2/8/97, p.A11)
Jul 7, In Ecuador lawyer Abdala Bucaram, aka El Loco, was elected president with 54% of the vote. He led the center-left Roldosista party
(SFC, 7/8/96, p.A8)
Aug, Ecuador’s Pres. Bucaram invited Lorena Bobbit, famous for slashing off her American husband’s penis, to lunch at the national palace.
(SFC, 2/7/97, p.A1,19)
1996 Oct 12, Ecuador’s Pres. Abdala Bucaram released his debut Rock ‘n’ Roll CD this week: "A Madman in Love."
(SFC, 10/12/96, p.A10)
1996 Oct 22, In Quito, Ecuador, a Boeing 707 cargo plane crashed after takeoff when it struck the bell tower of the La Dolorosa Church and burst into flames. At least 10 people were killed.
(SFC, 10/23/96, p.A10)
1996 The Argentine oil firm Compania General de Combustibles (CGC) received a contract to drill for oil in Sarayaca, Ecuador, home to some 2,000 Quichua Indians. Natives fended off oil drilling well into 2004.
(SFC, 8/13/04, p.W1)
1996 Fishermen in the Galapagos islands slit the throats of 9 giant tortoises on Santa Cruz Island to protest government quotas on sea cucumbers.
(SSFC, 12/10/00, p.A34)
1997 Feb 5, Hundreds of thousands began a 48-hour general strike against Ecuador’s Pres. Abdala Bucaram to protests economic austerity, nepotism and
(SFC, 2/6/97, p.C2)
1997 Feb 6, Ecuador’s Congress voted to remove Pres. Abdala Bucaram from office on the grounds of "mental incapacity." Fabian Alarcon
was chosen by Congress to replace him. Bucaram’s vice-president, Rosalia Arteaga, said she was assuming the presidency.
(SFC, 2/7/97, p.A1,19)
1997 Feb 9, An
agreement was reached to have Rosalia Arteaga serve as interim president of Ecuador until the passing of a constitutional amendment to elect a successor.
(SFC, 2/10/97, p.A8)
Mar 7, Ecuador’s Supreme Court charged Bucaram with corruption, embezzlement, nepotism and influence peddling. When ousted Pres. Abdala Bucaram abandoned the presidential palace in Feb., he walked out with 11 burlap bags allegedly stuffed with $3 million.
1997 Apr 9, Ecuador’s Supreme Court ordered the arrest of former president Abdala Bucaram and his aide Marco Albuja on charges of misusing presidential funds.
(SFC, 4/10/97, p.A16)
1997 Nov 22, It was reported that flooding and mudslides in Ecuador had killed 27 people over the last 3 weeks.
1997-1998 Fabian Alarcon, president of Congress, replaced Bacaram as president of Ecuador.
1998 Jan 19, Peru and Ecuador signed an accord pledging to settle their longtime 49-mile border conflict by May.
(WSJ, 1/20/98, p.A1)
1998 May 28, In Ecuador Simon Bolivar Chanalata, a hotel clerk, engaged in a fight with 2 US sailors who were visiting while on a naval exercise. Chanalata died 6 days later and his family filed a $1.5 million suit against the US Navy. The 2 Navy men faced charges of involuntary
(SFC, 4/16/99, p.D5)
1998 May 31, Alvaro Noboa, scion of the Ecuador’s wealthiest family, made a run for the presidency in the first round of
elections. Jamil Mahuad led the elections with 36.7%, but failed to get a majority. Alvaro Noboa had 29.8%. A runoff was scheduled for Jul 12.
(SFC, 5/28/98, p.A8)
Jul 12, In Ecuador Jamil Mahuad, the mayor of Quito, won the election according to exit polls. His margin was 51.3% to 48.7 and he promised to fight poverty.
(SFC, 7/13/98, p.A7)(SFC, 7/14/98, p.A9)
1998 Aug 5, In Ecuador 2 earthquakes struck the coast at Bahia de Caraquez and killed 3 people.
(SFC, 8/6/93, p.A14)
1998 Aug 21, It was reported that a comprehensive treaty between Ecuador and Peru had been drafted and only required political will to end the 57-year-old conflict. The military in Ecuador held 23 large companies in areas such as auto assembly, shrimping, mining, oil and hotels.
(WSJ, 8/21/98, p.A15)
1998 Aug 29, In Quito, Ecuador, a Cuban plane with 90 people onboard crashed. 80 people were killed including 5 children playing on the ground. At least 8 people survived the crash of the
(SFEC, 8/28/98, p.A15)(SFC, 8/31/98, p.A10)(AP, 8/29/08)
1998 Sep 14, Ecuador allowed its currency, the sucre, to drop by almost 10%. Pres.
Jamil Mahuad outlined a new emergency economic package. The currency devaluation went to 15% and a new austerity eliminated power subsidies. Welfare coupons for $17 were to be issued to the poor beginning Nov 1.
(WSJ, 9/15/98, p.A17)(WSJ, 9/16/98, p.A17)
1998 Sep 15, In the Galapagos Islands the Cerro Azul volcano on Isabela Island began erupting and threatened turtle colonies.
(SFC, 9/18/98, p.D8)
1998 Sep 23, Demonstrations in Quito, Ecuador, erupted over the devaluation of the sucre. Unions called for a national strike for Oct 1.
(SFEC, 10/4/98, p.T11)
1998 Oct 16, Lawmakers in Ecuador and Peru agreed to let their border dispute be resolved by the US, Brazil, Chile and Argentina.
(SFC, 10/17/98, p.A14)
1998 Oct 23, Peru and Ecuador settled their border dispute with a line along the Cordellera de Condor mountain range. Contiguous national parks were to be created in the disputed area. Tiwintza Hill, allocated to Peru, was to be granted as private property to
(SFC, 10/24/98, p.A12)
1998 Oct 26, Ecuador and Peru signed a peace treaty in Brazil and settled their land dispute. The agreement defined a 49-mile border
left undrawn in a 1942 treaty.
(SFC, 10/27/98, p.B5)(SFEC, 11/14/99, p.A22)
1998 Dec 2, Filanbanco, Ecuador’s largest bank, was turned over to the federal government
with net losses of $661 million US dollars. Owners Roberto and William Isaias fled to the US owing $661 million to the state Deposit Guarantee Agency.
(www.ecuador-investing.com/rafael-correa/filanbanco/)(Econ, 7/12/08, p.48)
1998 Ecuador adopted a constitution that gave indigenous communities the right to settle internal conflicts according to their traditions.
(SFC, 9/3/04, p.W2)
1998 Ecuador passed the Special Law to enhance protection for the Galapagos Islands.
(SSFC, 12/22/02, p.M6)
Ecuador’s sucre fell 54.13% this year.
(SFC, 3/5/99, p.D2)
1998 Texaco completed a $40 million oil cleanup in Ecuador. The Ecuadoran
government, PetroEcuador and 5 municipalities released the company from all liabilities and obligations related to its oil operations. A class-action suit against ChevronTexaco opened in 2003.
(SFC, 10/21/03, p.A3)(Econ, 5/23/09, p.42)
1998-2000 Jamil Mahuad served as president of Ecuador. He driven from office after 16 months.
Jan 29, Ecuador’s Pres. Jamil Mahuad declared a large area of the Amazon jungle off limits to oil drilling, lumbering, mining and colonization. The decree strengthened legislation controlling the exploitation of the 2.7 million acres of Cuyabeno-Imuya and Yasuni national parks.
1999 Feb 17, In Ecuador legislator Jaime Hurtado was shot dead along with 2 aides in Quito.
1999 Feb, In Ecuador Ana Lucia Armijos (50) took office as the Minister of Finance.
(WSJ, 5/27/99, p.A1)
1999 Mar 3, In Ecuador the sucre fell 14% and the Banco del Occidente closed due to liquidity problems.
(WSJ, 3/4/99, p.A9)
1999 Mar 8, Ecuador’s government declared a banking holiday to deal with the plunging currency.
(WSJ, 3/9/99, p.A17)
1999 Mar 9, Ecuador declared a 60-day state of emergency prompted by the economic crises.
(WSJ, 3/10/99, p.A14)
Mar 10, Two days of general strikes were scheduled in Ecuador.
(WSJ, 3/10/99, p.A14)
1999 Mar 11, In Ecuador Pres. Mahuad announced
tax increases and other harsh measures to fight the economic crises.
(SFC, 3/12/99, p.A14)
1999 Mar 15, In Ecuador the banks reopened as taxi drivers protested the
doubling of gas prices.
(SFC, 3/16/99, p.A9)
1999 Mar 16, In Ecuador former Pres. Fabian Alarcon was arrested on charges that he loaded the state payroll with
phantom employees while serving as the head of Congress.
(SFC, 3/17/99, p.C3)
1999 Mar 18, In Ecuador Pres. Mahuad revoked the decree doubling gas prices under
protests from taxi drivers.
(SFC, 3/19/99, p.A14)
1999 Apr 30, Ecuador reached an agreement with the IMF for a $900 million loan
(WSJ, 5/3/99, p.A1,16)
1999 May 13, Ecuador and Peru signed a treaty settling their 50-year border dispute over a 50 mile stretch in the Amazon
(WSJ, 5/14/99, p.A1)
1999 Sep 26, In Ecuador Pres. Jamil Mahuad announced that only interest on bonds not guaranteed by the US Treasury would be paid. A $98
million payment interest payment on its Brady bonds was due the next day.
(SFC, 9/28/99, p.C16)
1999 Sep 30, Ecuador defaulted on a $44.5 million Brady bond interest
payment. Debt restructuring plans were underway.
(WSJ, 10/1/99, p.A13)
1999 Oct 6, One person died as the Pichincha volcano dumped 5,000 tons of ash over the city of
(SFC, 10/7/99, p.C2)
1999 Oct 16, In Ecuador some 25,000 people were evacuated from the area of Tungurahua
(SFC, 11/6/99, p.A24)
1999 Nov 25, Ecuador’s 15,728-foot-high Guagua Pichincha volcano had a major eruption.
(SFC, 4/15/00, p.A26)
1999 Nov, Ecuador’s Pres. Mahuad agreed to a 10-year deal with the US for a $62 million upgrade of the Air Force base at Manta as an advance post for combating narco traffic. In 2006
president-elect Rafael Correa said he would not renew the lease.
(SFC, 12/31/00, p.B2)(Econ, 12/23/06, p.52)
1999-2000 In Ecuador some 750,000 people migrated after bank collapses triggered a
(Econ, 10/6/07, p.42)
2000 Jan 6, In Ecuador police broke up a march in Quito where people demanded the ouster of Pres. Mahuad following a state of emergency
and currency plunge.
(WSJ, 1/7/00, p.A1)
2000 Jan 10, Ecuador announced that its currency, the sucre, would be replaced with the US dollar. The sucre recently
plunged to 29,000 to the dollar.
(SFC, 1/11/00, p.A12)
2000 Jan 17, In Ecuador police broke up a march by oil workers in Quito as some 30,000 troops were deployed in
fears of unrest.
(WSJ, 1/18/00, p.A1)
2000 Jan 21, In Ecuador the military demanded the resignation of Pres. Jamil Mahuad and declared itself in charge through a
3-man junta that included Gen. Carlos Mendoza, indigenous leader Antonio Vargas and former Supreme Court Chief Carlos Solorzano.
(SFC, 1/22/00, p.A1)
2000 Jan 22, In
Ecuador Vice President Gustavo Noboa took over as president under int'l. pressure against the civilian-military junta.
(SFEC, 1/23/00, p.A21)
2000 Jan 27, Hundreds
of military officers were arrested or detained for their role in toppling Ecuador’s Pres. Mahuad. Gustavo Noboa named a finance chief who would press to make dollars the country's currency.
(WSJ, 1/28/00, p.A1)
2000 Mar 1, In Ecuador the Congress passed legislation to replace the sucre with US dollars in a bid to end a recession.
(WSJ, 3/2/00, p.A1)
2000 Mar 9, In Ecuador Pres. Noboa signed a bill that made the US dollar the official currency.
(SFC, 3/10/00, p.D6)
Apr 1, Ecuador’s transition to the dollar began.
(SFC, 4/26/00, p.A12)
2000 Jun 13, The dollar was scheduled for use in all banking
operations in Ecuador.
(SFC, 4/26/00, p.A12)
2000 Jul 13, Ecuador’s Supreme Court ordered the arrest of ousted president Jamil Mahuad on charges of illegally
freezing bank accounts in Mar, 1999. The court also called for the arrest of former finance minister Ana Lucia Armijos.
(SFC, 7/15/00, p.A13)
2000 Sep 8, In Ecuador
the dollar became the official currency for business transactions. Sucres would still be exchangeable at banks for 6 months. Inflation for the year was projected to be at least 85.4%.
(SFC, 9/8/00, p.D2)
2000 Sep 13, All Ecuadoran sucre bills were scheduled for withdrawal from circulation.
(SFC, 4/26/00, p.A12)
Oct 12, In Ecuador suspected Columbian FARC guerrillas kidnapped 5 Americans and 5 other foreign oil workers, hijacked a helicopter, and crossed back to Columbia. It was later suspected that the kidnappers were Ecuadoran criminals rather than Colombian guerrillas. One American was later killed and 2 Frenchmen escaped. 7 were released Mar 1,
(SFC, 10/13/00, p.A17)(SFC, 10/20/00, p.D8)(WSJ, 2/2/00, p.A1)(SFC, 3/2/01, p.A16)
2000 Oct 21, Ecuador reported that a melting glacier on El Altar volcano
caused a lagoon to burst its banks and a mudslide that killed at least 10 people.
(SFC, 10/21/00, p.D8)
2000 Nov, Fishermen in the Galapagos islands turned a 4-day
strike on lobster quotas and rampaged on the islands of Santa Cruz, San Cristobal and Isabela.
(SSFC, 12/10/00, p.A27)
2000 Dec 13, In Ecuador an oil pipeline
bombing killed 8 bus passengers near the Colombian border.
(WSJ, 12/14/00, p.A1)
2000 Dec, Ecuador was burdened with $13 billion in foreign
(SFC, 12/31/00, p.B2)
2000-2002 Gustavo Noboa, Mahuad's vice president, served as president of Ecuador.
2001 Jan 16, The Ecuadoran tanker Jessica with 243,000 gallons of fuel, ran aground on San Cristobal island in the Galapagos.
2001 Jan 19, The tanker Jessica, aground on Ecuador’s San Cristobal island, cracked its cargo hold and began leaking fuel. Some 150,000 gallons of diesel and bunker fuel were released. It was later learned that the oil caused the deaths
of thousands of marine iguanas.
(SFC, 1/22/01, p.A10)(SFC, 6/6/02, p.A2)
2001 Feb 1, In Sucumbios, Ecuador, Ronald Clay Sander (54), an oil technician from Missouri,
was found shot to death. He had been kidnapped in October and 7 more hostages were still held.
(SFC, 2/2/01, p.D2)
2001 Feb 5, Soldiers in Ecuador battled Indians
opposed to fuel and public transportation increases. The Red Cross said 4 Indians died.
(WSJ, 2/6/01, p.A1)
2001 Mar 1, In Ecuador 7 foreign oil workers (a Chilean,
an Argentine, a New Zealander and four Americans), kidnapped last October, were released following a $13 million ransom.
(SFC, 3/2/01, p.A16)(AP, 3/1/02)
12, A mudslide killed 36 stranded motorists in the Ecuador Andes. The deaths raised to 41 the total dead from recent heavy storms.
(SFC, 6/13/01, p.D4)
2002 Jan 17,
An Ecuadoran oil-company plane crashed in Colombia and all 26 aboard were feared dead. The plane was found Jan 24 with no survivors.
(WSJ, 1/21/02, p.A1)(SFC, 1/25/02, p.A15)
Jan 28, An Ecuadoran TAME Airlines Boeing 727-100 crashed along the Colombia border with 92 people aboard. The wreckage was found on a glacier of the Nevado de Cumbal volcano and there were no survivors.
(SFC, 1/29/02, p.A8)(SFC, 1/30/02,
2002 Jan 31, Ecuador designated a 557 sq-km (215 sq-mi) area in the Amazon rainforest the Cofan Ecological Reserve. Field Museum scientists from Chicago assisted Cofan Indians and Ecuadoran scientists by cataloging the species in the
area and declaring it to be the most biologically diverse mountain range in the world.
(EB, 2002, p.11)
2002 Feb, Millennium Hotels fully-opened its luxurious
17-suite Royal Palm Resort on 400 acres of the Galapagos Islands.
(SSFC, 1/13/02, p.C12)
2002 May 18, It was reported that the US-funded Plan Colombia had caused
widespread crop damage in Ecuador. The coca leaf fumigation affected some 10,000 Ecuadorians along the Colombia border where the RoundupUltra herbicide was spread by Colombian airplanes.
(SFC, 5/18/02, p.A11)
2002 Jun 24, In Ecuador Finance Minister Carlos Julio Emanuel resigned amid allegations of corruption within the ministry.
2002 Jul 16, In Ecuador Julia Butterfly Hill was arrested with 7 other demonstrators in Quito for protesting a proposed oil pipeline from the Amazon Basin to the port of Esmeraldas that would run through the Mindo-Nambillo Reserve. Hill was deported July 18.
(SFC, 7/18/02, p.A12)(SFC, 7/19/02, p.A14)
2002 Jul 16, In Ecuador rains caused a landslide that buried 11 vehicles including a bus with 40 people.
2002 Jul 26, In Guayaquil, Ecuador, South American presidents gathered for a 2nd region-wide summit in the face of political instability and economic turmoil.
2002 Oct 20, In Ecuador at least five candidates had a shot at qualifying for a runoff spot in presidential elections. With 53 percent of the votes counted, Lucio Gutierrez (45) a dismissed army colonel, led with 19% of the vote.
Banana magnate Alvaro Noboa (51) Ecuador's richest businessman, was close behind with 17.6%.
(AP, 10/20/02)(AP, 10/21/02)
2002 Oct 31, The US enacted the Andean
Trade Promotion and Drug Eradication Act (ATPDEA) as a replacement for the similar Andean Trade Preference Act (ATPA). It granted duty-free access to a wide range of exports from Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru.
2002 Nov 20, In Riobamba, Ecuador, a series of explosions at an ammunition depot left at least 7 people dead and 140
(WSJ, 11/21/02, p.A1)(AP, 11/22/02)
2002 Nov 24, In Ecuador Lucio Gutierrez (45), who led a Jan 2000 coup against Pres. Jamil Mahuad, was elected over
billionaire Alvaro Noboa (52) in a runoff election. He was driven from office after 27 months
(SSFC, 11/24/02, p.F1)(AP, 11/25/02)(SFC, 11/25/02, p.A3)
D’Orso authored "Plundering Paradise: The Hand of Man on the Galapagos Islands."
(SSFC, 12/22/02, p.M6)
2002 About 60% of Ecuador's 12 million people lived in
cities. 60% of Ecuadorians were mixed-race, 30% Indian, 3% black and 7% of European or other descent. More than 60% of the population lived in poverty. 95% were Roman Catholic.
2003 Mar 8, The presidents of Peru and Ecuador
inaugurated a bridge connecting the two nations. The $1.8-million bridge spans the Canchis River near the Peruvian town of Namballe, 500 miles northeast of Lima.
May 18, Ecuadorian anti-drug agents seized three tons of cocaine in one of the nation's largest drug seizures ever. In Oct 2001 police seized 3.2 tons in Guayaquil.
2003 May 26, In Ecuador 9 renegade Huaorani killed 26 members of the Tagaeri tribe. They justified the massacre as payback for a 1993 murder. Huaorani elders pardoned all attackers. Loggers were suspected as influencing the Huaorani.
5/29/03)(SFC, 9/3/04, p.W1)
2003 Aug 11, The Dominican Republic granted asylum to former Ecuadorian President Gustavo Noboa, who has been under investigation for allegedly mishandling his country's foreign debt negotiations and costing the
country $9 billion.
2003 Aug 21, In Ecuador some 1000 Indians and union workers marched through Quito, protesting the economic policies of President
2003 Sep 8, In Ecuador spokesman Marcelo Cevallos said Pres. Lucio Gutierrez will set a national example and start showing up on time
for meetings and appointments in an effort to combat a national lack of punctuality. Cevallos apologized to the audience for showing up late for the interview.
Oct 21, In Ecuador, a decade after Texaco pulled out of the Amazon jungle, the US petroleum giant went on trial in a lawsuit filed on behalf of 30,000 poor Ecuadorians.
2003 Oct, In Ecuador Cesar Fernandez, former governor of a coastal province, was arrested for exporting almost half a ton of cocaine to Mexico. Allegation later arose that Fernandez had contributed to the election campaign of Pres. Lucio Gutierrez.
2003 Oct, Transparency International ranked Ecuador as the 2nd most corrupt country in Latin America.
2003 Dec 11, In Ecuador teachers striking for raises and parents demanding better schools clashed with police in protests that sought symbolically to take over the capital's downtown.
2004 Jan 2, Ecuadorian authorities captured Ricardo Ovidio Palmera Pineda, aka Simon Trinidad, one of the 7 members who make up the ruling secretariat of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia,
or FARC. He was arrested at dawn in a medical clinic in Ecuador.
(AP, 1/3/04)(Econ, 1/10/04, p.30)
2004 Jan 9, In Ecuador about 20 women inmates stripped off
clothing and protested from their Guayaquil Prison roof, claiming they've been held for more than a year without trial and should be freed.
2004 Feb 2,
The US ambassador to Ecuador said the US will withhold $15 million in military aid to Ecuador for not signing an agreement granting US military members immunity from an international court.
2004 Jan 15, Ecuador's government declared a state of emergency in the prison system after a series of protests.
Feb 17, In Ecuador riot police firing tear gas clashed with hundreds of Indian protesters, leaving at least 17 people injured in the second day of demonstrations demanding more roads and better education for isolated Andean communities. Separately prison inmates held 360 visitors hostage to protest overcrowding, long sentences and poor conditions including a lack of
2004 Mar 5, Carlos Julio Arosemena (84), one-time president of Ecuador whose term ended in a 1963 military coup, died. Elected vice
president in 1960, Arosemena rose to the presidency following the ouster of President Velasco Ibarra a year later in a military coup.
2004 Apr 6, In
Ecuador in the midst of a national strike by prison guards, inmates in Quito's women's prison took two television news crews hostage to press their demands for shorter sentences and better living conditions.
2004 May 18, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru opened negotiations in Cartagena for a free trade accord with the United States as anti-riot police clashed with protesters who say the pact would lead to job losses in the South American nations.
2004 Jun 1, Ecuador's Finance Minister Mauricio Pozo resigned, leaving struggling President Lucio Gutierrez to find a replacement to lead an economic policy approved by international lenders but unpopular at
2004 Jun 1, Ecuador hosted the Miss Universe pageant. Jennifer Hawkins, a 20-year-old, blue-eyed Australian, was named Miss Universe 2004.
2004 Jun 7, In Ecuador Indians blocked the Pan American Highway. They demanded the resignation of Pres. Gutierrez as he hosted an OAS meeting.
(WSJ, 6/8/04, p.A1)
2004 Jun 8, In Ecuador foreign ministers from around the Americas declared war on the deeply ingrained corruption in the region at the end of a two-day meeting in
2004 Jun 29, In Ecuador 33 prisoners, some armed with assault rifles and knives, battled their way out the front door of Quito's main prison in
an escape that left 4 inmates and a guard dead.
2004 Sep 27, Galapagos park rangers ended a 17-day protest after Ecuador's government fired a new park
director the rangers claimed favored commercial fishing over the islands' unique environment.
2004 Oct 19, UN officials warned that the spread of AIDS
in Ecuador's most populated province is reaching levels comparable to Africa and the Caribbean a decade ago and could mushroom into a national epidemic if left unchecked.
Nov, In Ecuador former government allies failed in an attempt to impeach Pres. Gutierrez. An ad hoc alliance between the populist Roldosista Party and banana magnate Alvaro Noboa sacked most of the Supreme Court.
(Econ, 4/9/05, p.30)
2004 Dec 8, In Quito, Ecuador, inmates in the largest prison took 180 visitors hostage to protest what they called overcrowding, poor conditions and long sentences.
2005 Feb 16, In Ecuador tens of thousands of protesters gathered near Quito's presidential palace to demand President Lucio Gutierrez's resignation, accusing him of authoritarian rule and with packing the supreme court with his own
2005 Feb 21, Ecuador opened the door to a U.N. probe into President Lucio Gutierrez's dismissal of the country's Supreme Court after the UN
made a rare public appeal for an investigation.
2005 Mar 23, Police fired tear gas into Ecuador's Congress before dawn to disperse opposition
lawmakers who refused to leave after a legislative session that cut short a debate on candidates for attorney general.
2005 Mar 31, The president of
Ecuador's Supreme Court annulled corruption charges against former President Abdala Bucaram, paving the way for his possible return from political asylum in Panama.
Apr 2, Ecuador's former president Abdala Bucaram returned home after spending eight years in exile in Panama, telling thousands that he plans to lead a "revolution of the poor" modeled after President Hugo Chavez' Venezuela.
2005 Apr 15, Ecuador’s Pres. Lucio Gutierrez declared a state of emergency in Quito and dissolved the Supreme Court, saying the unpopular judges were the cause of three days of pot-banging street protests.
2005 Apr 16, Ecuador’s Pres. Lucio Gutierrez revoked the one-day-old state of emergency as thousands of people took to Quito's streets in defiance of the ban on demonstrations.
2005 Apr 18, In Ecuador anti-government protests spread from Quito as a river of demonstrators poured into the streets of Guayaquil to demand that President Lucio Gutierrez step
2005 Apr 19, Hours after Ecuador's embattled President Lucio Gutierrez said he would not resign, at least 30,000 people tried to march to the
presidential palace in the capital's largest demonstration yet against the country's leadership, demanding that Gutierrez resign.
2005 Apr 20,
Ecuador’s 100-member Congress voted 60 to 0 to remove President Lucio Gutierrez from office amid street protests calling for his ouster for abuse of power and misrule. Brazil granted asylum to Gutierrez. Alfredo Palacio, a heart surgeon and Ecuador's vice president, assumed the presidency.
(SFC, 4/21/05, p.A3)(Econ,
2005 May 9, In Ecuador former President Gustavo Noboa was placed under house arrest on charges he mishandled Ecuador's foreign debt negotiations during his three-year term.
2005 Jun 21, In Ecuador police reported the break up an international cocaine ring led by a Lebanese restaurant owner suspected of raising money for Hezbollah, the Shiite Muslim group the U.S.
classifies as a terrorist organization.
2005 Jun 23, Ecuador’s foreign minister said his country will not sign a pact to grant US military personnel
special immunity from the International Criminal Court, even if that means more aid cuts from Washington.
2005 Jun 24, Ecuador inmates stepped up a
protest for improved conditions. Some prisoners were voluntarily hung from crosses and others using their blood to scrawl out demands.
2005 Aug 12, A
small boat overloaded with 113 illegal immigrants capsized and sank in rough waters off Colombia's Pacific coast. An Ecuadoran fishing boat found 9 survivors 2 days later. In Nov. Ecuadoran police arrested a married couple for being part of a gang of 11 human traffickers who charged as much as $12,000 per person for passage to the US.
(AP, 8/18/05)(AP, 11/15/05)
2005 Aug 18, Ecuador’s president said protests have completely halted national oil production despite imposition of emergency rule in 2 Amazon
(WSJ, 8/19/05, p.A1)
2005 Aug 19, Ecuador’s defense minister quit.
2005 Aug 21, Protests in Ecuador's northeast Amazon region that brought oil production to a halt were suspended after demonstrators and the government agreed to a truce.
2005 Aug 24, Government officials from Ecuador and Venezuela singed a preliminary agreement by which Venezuela would lend Ecuador a million barrels of crude oil between September and October. A loan
of naphtha and diesel was also part of the deal.
(WSJ, 8/25/05, p.A7)
2005 Sep 30, South American presidents committed themselves to establishing a continental free
trade zone. The South American summit was attended by the presidents of Chile, Bolivia, Peru, Paraguay, Ecuador, Venezuela, Brazil and Argentina.
Oct 5, Hurricane Stan knocked down trees, ripped roofs off homes and washed out bridges in southeastern Mexico, but it was the storms it helped spawn that were far more destructive, killing more than 65 people in Central America. Officials in El Salvador said 49 people had been killed, mostly due to two days of mudslides sparked by rains. 9 people died in Nicaragua, including six migrants
believed to be Ecuadorians killed in a boat accident. Four deaths were reported in Honduras, three in Guatemala and one in Costa Rica.
2005 Oct 4,
Colombia granted political asylum to former Ecuadorian President Lucio Gutierrez, who has said he faces treason charges in his homeland.
2005 Oct 13,
Lucio Gutierrez, ousted Ecuadorian President said he was renouncing his asylum in Colombia and would return to his own country, where he faces arrest, and attempt to regain power.
2005 Oct 14, Lucio Gutierrez, former Ecuador president who was ousted from office, returned to Ecuador in a bid to regain power, but he was arrested moments after his plane landed.
2005 Oct 26, In Ecuador Jose Cabrera, a 71-year-old provincial notary, died in a luxury hotel room and left behind a teenage girlfriend, who later said he'd been on cocaine and Viagra, and a crumbling $800 million pyramid scheme that soon blossomed into a nationwide
2005 Nov 30, Ecuador swore in a new Supreme Court, seven months after former President Lucio Gutierrez dismissed the entire bench, a move
that led to his ouster.
2006 Jan 12, In Ecuador police used tear gas to disperse about 2,000 demonstrators after they burned an American flag in front
of the government palace to protest a free trade pact with the United States.
2006 Feb 8, A deputy minister said Ecuador is not likely to
extend a deal that allows the United States to use an anti-narcotics air base on its territory due to a surge in sentiment against the American military presence.
Feb 22, In Ecuador 2 dozen pipeline workers held hostage by protesters escaped as soldiers and police battled to end violent demonstrations that have interrupted the flow of crude through the country's two main pipelines.
2006 Mar 3, In Ecuador a judge released former President Lucio Gutierrez from prison, ruling he broke no law by accusing his successor of conspiring to oust him from power.
2006 Mar 8, In Ecuador soldiers fired tear gas to disperse rock-throwing oil workers, hours after President Alfredo Palacio declared a state of emergency in three jungle provinces to quell a strike and regain control of oil
2006 Mar 15, Alfredo Castillo, Ecuador's interior minister, resigned as protests over a US free trade plan spread from the Andean
highlands to the oil-producing southeast jungle, where police clashed with demonstrators. His comments appeared to support the protesters and showed disloyalty to Pres. Palacio.
Mar 16, Ecuador's Supreme Court released former President Gustavo Noboa from house arrest after reducing charges against him for allegedly mishandling the country's foreign debt negotiations during his three-year term.
2006 Mar 20, In Ecuador police fired tear gas at dozens of Indian demonstrators trying to reach the government palace in Quito to protest free-trade talks with Washington.
2006 Mar 21, The Ecuadorian government declared a state of emergency in four provinces to curb nine days of Indian protests against a proposed free-trade deal with the US.
2006 Mar 24, In southern Ecuador a plane crashed into the side of a tire factory in Cuenca, killing five of the 14 people aboard.
2006 Apr 12, Ecuador's Environment Minister Ana Alban said some 5,000 Ecuadorians illegally residing in the ecologically fragile Galapagos Islands will face deportation to the
2006 Apr 19, Ecuador approved revisions to its Hydrocarbons Law to increase state revenue from private crude-oil producers. The changes
became effective on April 25.
(WSJ, 4/21/06, p.A7)(WSJ, 4/26/06, p.A8)
2006 May 15, Ecuador expelled Occidental Petroleum following a dispute over the sale of
oil-drilling rights by Occidental to Canada’s EnCana Corp. without government approval. Occidental filed for international arbitration.
(WSJ, 5/16/06, p.A12)(Econ, 5/20/06, p.41)
Jun 14, Four Andean nations (Bolivia, Ecuador, Colombia and Peru) agreed to chart new trade plans with the United States without Venezuela.
Jul 15, Thousands of Ecuadorian villagers fled their homes on the slopes of the Tungurahua volcano since it began erupting lava and toxic gases.
Aug 17, An overnight volcanic eruption in Ecuador's Andes mountains killed at least one person and left more than 60 others missing. It was the first fatality reported from a Tungurahua eruption since the volcano rumbled back to life in 1999 after staying dormant for eight decades.
2006 Aug 27, Maria Esther de Capovilla (116), considered the world oldest person, died in her native Ecuador. Elizabeth Bolden (116) of Memphis, Tenn., became the oldest known person alive according to Guinness World
2006 Sep 24, In Ecuador a speeding bus overturned on a curving mountain road near Quito, killing 47 people and injuring five
2006 Oct 15, Ecuador held presidential elections. The favorite was Rafael Correa (43), a leftist pledging to lead a "citizens' revolution"
against a political establishment widely seen as corrupt and incompetent. He faced a strong challenge from Alvaro Noboa, a banana billionaire who also pushed a populist line. The elections headed to a 2nd round after Alvaro Noboa, who favored strong relations with the US, narrowly defeated Rafael Correa in the first round. A Nov 26 runoff had been expected as none of the 13 candidates appeared
likely to win outright.
(AP, 10/14/06)(AP, 10/16/06)(Econ, 10/14/06, p.39)
2006 Oct 17, In Ecuador with 60% of the vote counted, Rafael Correa was all-but tied with
Alvaro Noboa, each with about 25%.
2006 Nov 26, Ecuador held presidential elections. Rafael Correa (43), a US-trained economist who has pledged
radical reforms to clean up corruption, faced Alvaro Noboa (56), a billionaire and Ecuador's wealthiest man. Ecuador is an oil-exporting country, but three-quarters of its 13.4 million inhabitants live in poverty.
2006 Nov 27, In Ecuador partial returns showed Rafael Correa with as many as twice the votes recorded as for his banana tycoon rival, who claimed the polls were rigged.
2006 Dec 15, Ecuador recalled its ambassador to Colombia, protesting Bogota's decision to resume aerial coca fumigation along the shared border.
2006 Dec 28, Ecuador’s President-elect Rafael Correa appointed seven women to his Cabinet, including the country’s first female defense minister, saying he wanted to promote gender
2006 Dec 30, A car bomb exploded in a parking lot at Madrid's glittery new airport terminal, and the government blamed the Basque separatist
group ETA. 26 were slightly injured. The bodies of two people from Ecuador were later recovered. This signaled the apparent end of a nine-month ceasefire.
(AP, 12/31/06)(AP, 1/6/07)
Dec 31, In Ecuador the Andean Trade Promotion and Drug Eradication Act, a package of trade benefits with the US offered in exchange for cooperation in counter-drug activities expired, but was extended for six months.
2006 In Ecuador Fabricio Correa, the older brother of Pres. Rafael Correa, acted as a fund-raiser for his brother’s election campaign. Following the election Fabricio gained government contracts for road building and oil services worth some $167 million. In 2009 Fabricio the president
demanded that the contracts be rescinded. Fabricio in turn alleged corruption by aides of the Pres. Correa.
(Econ, 10/17/09, p.52)
2006 The population of Ecuador was about 13 million. Its $10 billion economy was
saddled with $10 billion in foreign debt.
(Econ, 10/14/06, p.39)
2007 Jan 5, Leon Febres Cordero, Former President of Ecuador (1984-1988), resigned from Congress and
political life, citing unspecified medical problems. His center-right Social Christian Party long dominated Ecuadorian politics.
2007 Jan 15, In Ecuador
nationalist Rafael Correa was sworn in as president. He pledged to fight a political establishment widely discredited as corrupt. He signed a decree calling a referendum for a Constituent Assembly and doubled a monthly welfare payment to $30 for some 1.3 million of the poorest people.
(AP, 1/15/07)(Econ, 1/20/07,
p.48)(Econ, 4/21/07, p.39)
2007 Jan 24, Ecuador's first female defense minister died in a collision of two helicopters that also killed her daughter and five members of the military.
2007 Jan 30, Supporters of Ecuador’s leftist President Rafael Correa armed with sticks and stones fought their way into the Congress building, demanding lawmakers call a referendum on whether the
country's constitution should be rewritten.
2007 Feb 1, Ecuador’s government named Lorena Escudero (41) to be defense minister, to take over after the
first female to hold the office was killed in a helicopter accident.
2007 Feb 2, Ecuador’s President Rafael Correa dismissed the country's army
commander, just over a week after a military helicopter crash killed Ecuador's first female defense minister.
2007 Feb 13, Ecuador's Congress approved
holding a referendum on whether to create an assembly to rewrite the constitution, bowing to demands by the new leftist president who is seeking to weaken traditional political parties.
2007 Feb 17, Ecuador’s new leftist President Rafael Correa said he will resign if his supporters do not win control of an assembly to rewrite Ecuador's constitution.
2007 Mar 7, Ecuador’s highest electoral court voted to dismiss 57 congressmen for allegedly interfering with a referendum on whether to rewrite the constitution, in an escalating fight over Ecuador's charter.
2007 Mar 13, Some 20 lawmakers fired last week by Ecuador's top electoral court for allegedly interfering with plans for a constitutional referendum forced their way past dozens of police guarding Congress and took up their
2007 Mar 20, Ecuador's constitutional crisis took a new twist as alternate lawmakers were escorted into Congress under the cover of darkness and
sworn in to replace some of the legislators fired by the country's highest electoral court.
2007 Mar 28, Ecuador's highest electoral court fired a
judge who tried to return half the country's legislators to their posts as a political crisis over the rewriting of the country's constitution deepened.
Apr 4, Ecuador's constitutional court upheld a decision by the country's electoral tribunal to fire more than half of the politically unstable nation's legislature.
2007 Apr 11, Officials said Ecuador’s former President Gustavo Noboa will face charges for allegedly mishandling foreign debt negotiations during his three-year term (2000-2003).
2007 Apr 15, Ecuadoreans voted on whether to create a special assembly to rewrite their constitution. Exit polls said voters overwhelmingly supported Pres. Correa's plan to remake the nation's system of government and weaken its discredited
(AP, 4/15/07)(AP, 4/16/07)
2007 Apr 20, Final results from a nationwide referendum showed an overwhelming majority of Ecuadoreans supported President
Rafael Correa's push for a special assembly to rewrite the constitution.
2007 Apr 23, Ecuador's highest court reinstated 51 lawmakers ousted last month
for allegedly interfering with a referendum on the South American nation's need for a new constitution, the 19th over the last 180 years.
(AP, 4/23/07)(Econ, 9/1/07, p.30)
Apr 24, Ecuador's popular President Rafael Correa tightened his hold over all branches of government, sending police to prevent the return of opposition lawmakers as his tentative majority in Congress dismissed all nine members of the nation's highest court.
2007 Apr 26, Ecuador’s President Rafael Correa went deep into the Amazon jungle to show his disdain for Chevron Corp., which is on trial here for allegedly failing to clean up billions of gallons of toxic wastewater. He is the
nation’s first president to support the estimated 30,000 settlers and Amazon Indians who are suing the US oil giant. Plaintiffs sought $6 billion in damages, alleging that Texaco dumped more than 18 billion gallons of oily wastewater into the verdant rain forest, and failed to properly clean it up. Their evidence includes studies showing elevated cancer rates in the
2007 May 3, Ecuador's new leftist government set up a truth commission to investigate alleged human rights abuses committed over the last 27
years, particularly during the right-wing administration of former President Leon Febres Cordero.
2007 May 7, Ecuador's foreign minister said President
Rafael Correa has decided not to renew a 1993 bilateral investment treaty with the United States, which expires this week.
2007 Jul 20, Ecuador's Pres.
Rafael Correa overturned a ban on the sale of shark fins, which are popular in Asia, but stipulated they can only be sold if the sharks are caught by fishermen accidentally.
Aug 9, In Ecuador Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez offered to help Ecuador build a $5 billion oil refinery, as the socialist leader pledged to spread his government's oil wealth to another South American ally.
2007 Aug 23, More than 800 Colombian refugees crossed over the border to Ecuador from the violence-ravaged department of Narino. The UN estimated that about 3 million Colombians have been driven from their homes by violence without leaving the country, making it the largest internal
refugee population in the world after Sudan.
2007 Aug 30, Hundreds of Colombian peasants returned home from Ecuador after the government promised to
protect them from leftist rebels trying to sabotage a coca eradication campaign.
2007 Sep 30, The people of Ecuador voted on electing a constitutional
assembly to rewrite the constitution. Supporters of Pres. Correa won some 70 of the 130 assembly seats.
(WSJ, 10/2/07, p.A8)(Econ, 10/6/07, p.40)
2007 Oct 1,
Ecuador’s Pres. Rafael Correa announced a plan to wipe out the party system and tighten government control of the economy after appearing to win a free hand to overhaul the constitution.
(WSJ, 10/2/07, p.A8)
2007 Nov 26, In Ecuador about 60 miners were trapped after the blast in the village of Ponce Enriquez, 230 miles southwest of Quito.
2008 Feb 6, Ecuador's Tungurahua volcano shot columns of ash miles into the air, as officials ordered the evacuation of 3,000 villagers living near its slopes.
2008 Feb 28, In Ecuador a landslide caused some 4,000 barrels of oil to spill from its main pipeline contaminating Coca River.
2008 Mar 1, Colombia's defense minister said security forces killed Raul Reyes (59), a leading commander of the FARC rebel group, in combat and air strikes in neighboring
Ecuador. Reyes was the nom de guerre of Luis Edgar Devia. 23 other rebels were also killed and a laptop computer was seized with documents indicating a close relationship between the rebels and Venezuela’s Pres. Chavez. Colombia later acknowledged that an Ecuadorean was killed during the raid. It was later reported that a computer memory stick was acquired in the raid that held the names, aliases
and identity numbers of 9,387 rebels, including some photos.
(AP, 3/1/08)(AP, 3/5/08)(Econ, 3/8/08, p.43)(AP, 3/24/08)(AP, 9/25/08)
2008 Mar 2, Venezuela and Ecuador
ordered troops to their borders with Colombia, sharply raising tensions after Colombia killed a top rebel leader on Ecuadorean soil. Ecuadorean troops recovered the seminude bodies of 15 rebels in their jungle camp. Soldiers also found three wounded women at the camp, a Mexican philosophy student injured by shrapnel and two Colombians, who were evacuated by helicopter to be
2008 Mar 3, Ecuador's president said that his government was in "very advanced" talks with Colombian rebels to free 12 hostages, including
former presidential candidate Ingrid Betancourt and three US contractors, but was thwarted by Colombia’s military raid. Venezuela and Ecuador expelled Colombia’s diplomats and cracked down on trade across the border.
2008 Mar 5, The Washington-based OAS declared Colombia’s attack on rebels in Ecuador a violation of Ecuador's sovereignty and called for OAS Secretary-General Jose Miguel Insulza to lead a delegation to both countries to ease tensions. But the resolution stopped short of explicitly
condemning the assault. Pres. Chavez said Venezuela will search for other countries like Ecuador, Brazil and Argentina to replace products imported from Colombia.
Mar 7, At a summit in the Dominican Republic the presidents of Colombia, Venezuela and Ecuador agreed to end a bitter dispute triggered by a Colombian cross-border raid with testy handshakes and an apology.
2008 Apr 12, In Ecuador 5 young British women were killed in a bus crash while the 15 other people on board were injured.
2008 Apr 13, The winners of this year’s Goldman Awards were reported to be: Feliciano dos Santos (43) of Mozambique, the director of Estamos, an environmental group promoting sanitation, sustainable development and reforestation; Marina Rikhvanova (46), founder of Baikal Environmental
Wave, which forced the rerouting of an oil pipeline in the Baikal basin; Pablo Fajardo (35) and Luis Yanza (48) of Ecuador, co-founders of the Amazon Defense Front, which accused Texaco (now Chevron) of dumping oil and wastewater into local streams; Rosa Hilda Ramos (63) of Puerto Rico, head of a movement to protect the Las Cicharillas Marsh; Ignace Schops (43) of Belgium, head of a movement to
establish Belgium’s 1st and only national park; Jesus Leon (42) of Mexico, co-founder of the Center for Integral Small Farmer Development of the Mixtec (CEDICAM).
(SSFC, 4/13/08, p.A4)
Apr 18, Ecuador's constitutional assembly approved a decree revoking most of the mining concessions in the country, following up on the leftist government's pledge to take greater control over natural resources.
2008 Apr 19, In Ecuador flames started by fireworks swept through a nightclub in Quito, killing at least 14 people who were unable to escape through the club's padlocked doors.
2008 May 14, US federal prosecutors said Willbros Group Inc., a Houston-based oil services company, agreed to pay $32.3 million in criminal and civil penalties to settle charges that it bribed officials in Nigeria and Ecuador to get
contracts between 2003-2005.
(WSJ, 5/15/08, p.B2)
2008 Jun 6, Colombia's presidential spokesman said Colombia and Ecuador are restoring diplomatic ties at the charge
d'affaires level following mediation by former US Pres. Carter.
2008 Jun 12, Ecuadorean police arrested four men, including at least three Colombians,
who were allegedly plotting to kill President Rafael Correa (45). The next day police said 2 of the Colombians purportedly acknowledge having links to Colombia's right-wing paramilitaries and said they were offered US$1.5 million to kill Correa.
2008 Jul 4, Ecuador's constitutional assembly pardoned hundreds of jailed convicts, low-level drug couriers known as "mules." An estimated 1,200 prisoners may be eligible for pardon.
2008 Jul 8, Ecuador's government seized 3 television stations and 195 businesses, owned by the Isaias family, to collect debts stemming from the 1998 failure of Filanbanco, owned by Roberto and William Isaias. The economy minister
resigned just hours before the takeover.
(AP, 7/9/08)(Econ, 7/12/08, p.48)
2008 Jul 24, In Ecuador a special assembly approved a new 444-article draft constitution
granting its leftist president broad powers, including the ability to dissolve Congress and set monetary policy, and freeing him to run for office through 2017.
(AP, 7/25/08)(Econ, 8/2/08, p.40)
2008 Jul 29, Ecuador’s Foreign Ministry said the US military must stop using its only outpost in South America for anti-drug flights when Washington's 10-year lease on the base in Ecuador expires in 2009.
2008 Aug 4, Ecuador's government said it would seize a family business group's stock shares in 58 companies to help recover debts generated by the collapse of the family's former bank. The action came a little less than a month after
authorities seized 200 businesses linked to the family of William and Roberto Isaias, who fled to the US in 2000 shortly after their bank collapsed.
Sep 23, Ecuador expelled a leading Brazilian construction firm sending in troops to seize projects worth $800 million. Pres. Correa was battling with the Odebrecht firm over a dam which the government said was badly built.
2008 Sep 28, Ecuadoreans voted on a new constitution that would significantly broaden leftist President Rafael Correa's powers and let him run for two more consecutive terms. Correa's avowed quest for an "equitable, just" Ecuador won a
major boost as voters approved a new constitution that will help the leftist president consolidate power and enable him to run for two more consecutive terms. The new constitution conferred on ecosystems “the inalienable right to exist, flourish and evolve.” The new constitution also imposed a 12-month deadline for approving new regulatory measures.
(AP, 9/28/08)(AP, 9/29/08)(Econ, 10/18/08, p.68)(Econ, 10/3/09, p.44)
2008 Oct 12, Pope Benedict XVI gave the Roman Catholic church four new saints, including an Indian woman whose canonization is seen as a
morale boost to Christians in India who have suffered Hindu violence. They included Sister Alphonsa (1910-1946) of the Immaculate Conception, a nun from southern India and India’s first woman saint; Gaetano Errico (1791-1860), a Neapolitan priest who founded a missionary order in the 19th century; Sister Maria Bernarda, born as Verena Buetler (1848-1924) in Switzerland, who worked as a nun in
Ecuador and Colombia; and Narcisa de Jesus Martillo Moran (1832-1869), a 19th century laywoman from Ecuador who helped the sick and the poor.
29, In Ecuador a new temporary Supreme Court was picked by lottery. Judges said they will boycott it. The temporary 21-member court, chosen at random from the ranks of the 31 former justices, is supposed to operate until a permanent body takes over in 2009.
2008 Oct 30, An Ecuadorean presidential commission concluded that US intelligence services infiltrated the Andean nation's military and police and supported a cross-border incursion by Colombian troops that killed a top rebel commander.
2008 Nov 15, The government of Ecuador delayed a $30.6 million interest payment on part of its debt of $10 billion, which amounted to 21% of GDP. A committee soon reported evidence of malfeasance
on debt contracts issued between 1976 and 2006.
(Econ, 11/29/08, p.44)
2008 Dec 12, Ecuador’s Pres. Rafael Correa said his nation will skip a $30.6 million payment
to bondholders due on Dec 15. The was Ecuador’s 3rd default in 3 decades.
(WSJ, 12/12/08, p.A8)(Econ, 7/4/09, p.34)
2008 Dec 15, In Ecuador former President Leon
Febres Cordero (77) died. The colorful, right-wing leader served as president from 1984-1988 and had dominated Ecuadorean politics for almost two decades. He was dubbed the "owner" of the nation by his opponents.
2008 Dec, Ecuador’s Central Bank signed an agreement under which Iran’s Central Bank would set up a credit line of $40 million, extendable by $80 million, for the use of Ecuadorean importers.
2009 Jan 29, Mexican police detained an Ecuadorean man for carrying about $2.5 million in cash in a suitcase at Mexico City's international airport.
2009 Feb 7, In Ecuador President Rafael Correa ordered the expulsion of a top US diplomat he accused of suspending $340,000 in annual aid because Ecuador would not allow the US to veto appointments to the anti-smuggling
2009 Feb 18, In Ecuador US diplomat Mark Sullivan was declared a “persona non grata” and told to leave. Pres. Correa later said Sullivan had
directed CIA operations in Ecuador.
(SFC, 2/23/09, p.A2)
2009 Mar 10, Spanish police said they have arrested an Ecuadorian woman who tried to smuggle into Barcelona
liquid cocaine hidden in spray cans of products to starch clothes or clean glass.
2009 Mar 19, In Quito, Ecuador, a small army plane crashed into an
apartment building, killing seven people and sending a fireball into the evening sky. The dead included 3 soldiers, the pilot’s wife and son and 2 people on the ground.
Mar 25, An Ecuadorean air force training jet crashed in a jungle area near the Colombian border. The pilot and a member of the air force rescue team were killed when a cable snapped as they were being lifted to a helicopter.
2009 Apr 20, Ecuador’s finance minister Maria Elsa Viteri said the government will buy back about $3.2 billion in Global 2012 and 2030 bonds, worth about 32% of Ecuador's total foreign debt at a 70% discount, ending months of speculation about a default. A government audit last year
determined that conditions surrounding the debt sale had left the bonds "illegal and illegitimate," prompting President Rafael Correa to order the refinancing.
Apr 26, Ecuador held elections. President Rafael Correa, a feisty leftist popular for his social programs, was widely favored to win re-election. Correa won 51.2 percent of the vote in an eight-candidate field, making the leftist economist the first Ecuadorean president in 30 years to be chosen without a runoff vote.
(AP, 4/26/09)(AP, 4/27/09)
2009 May 8, In Ecuador an angry mob dragged two suspected robbers from a police station in Valencia and burned them to death.
2009 May 30, In Colombia 3 computers were seized in the Bogota home of a Adela Perez (36), a suspected FARC operative. One computer, finally decrypted in July, contained an hour-long video that
appeared to confirm that Colombia's largest rebel army gave money to the 2006 election campaign of President Rafael Correa of Ecuador.
2009 Jul 10,
Millions of Argentines stayed home from work, churches in Bolivia canceled Mass and Ecuador announced its first fatalities from swine flu, as the virus continued its spread during the South American winter season.
2009 Jul 17, In Ecuador a US anti-narcotics force flew its last surveillance mission from Ecuador's Pacific Coast. The force had begun dismantling its operation and would be out of the country by September, two months before the end of its
2009 Aug 3, Ecuadorean President Rafael Correa, announced that "many" radio and TV frequencies will revert to the state over what he called
irregularities in their licenses. He gave no specifics.
2009 Aug 10, Leaders of the Union of South American Nations (UNASUL), a 12-member group inspired
by Brazil, met in Quito, Ecuador, in an attempt to further integration. Colombia’s Pres. Uribe did not attend, in part because Ecuador broke of ties with Colombia last year.
(Econ, 8/15/09, p.31)
2009 Aug 13, Ecuador’s Citizen Participation Minister Doris Soliz called for the creation of local citizen committees to defend the government and its "revolution," sparking criticism that the president aims to control opponents in a system reminiscent of Cuba or Venezuela.
2009 Aug, Aliaksandr Barankov (27) arrived in Ecuador after fleeing fraud and extortion charges in Belarus. He called the charges bogus, retribution for his having exposed a
petroleum-smuggling ring involving senior officials of President Lukashenko's government, including relatives of the leader.
2009 Sep 6, In Ecuador Lt.
Col. John Merino, President Rafael Correa's chief of security, died of swine flu. Ecuador has reported 36 confirmed deaths from swine flu as of last week, along with 1,382 infected.
2009 Sep 6, The El
Salvador navy said it has found 76 migrants aboard a boat in the Pacific. They included 25 Bangladeshis, 25 Nepalese, 21 Eritreans and five Ecuadoreans. The boat had set sail a week ago from the Ecuadorean port of Manta.
2009 Sep 18, In Ecuador the last 15 US troops left the Pacific Manta air base, officially closing the US military post in what Ecuador's government calls a recovery of sovereignty.
2009 Sep 28, In Ecuador hundreds of Indians blocked the Pan American highway in several provinces with rocks, tree trunks and burning tires to protest new water, mining and oil laws.
2009 Sep 30, In Ecuador a battle in the southeastern jungle killed at least one Indian and wounded 40 police and nine Indians on the Upano River in the province of Morona Santiago. The Amazon Indian
federation said 500 police provoked the violence by attacking Shuar Indians who were blocking roads to protest resources legislation.
2009 Sep 9, In
Ecuador Gloria Daniela Lopez, a Los Angeles college student, was stabbed to death in Ambato. Her body was found the next day with her throat slit. A family friend later said she had been decapitated and possibly raped. A local police investigation was said to be stalled because she was American.
2009 Dec 15, Ecuador said that it had reached a deal with the EU aimed at ending a long-running dispute between Latin American nations and the EU over tariffs on bananas.
2009 Ecuador’s authorities seized over 73 tons of drugs, mostly cocaine, this year.
2010 Jan 11, In Ecuador Quito Mayor Augusto Barrera said his government will impose new driving restrictions to keep 80,000 private cars off the capital’s congested streets during rush hour. tens of thousands of protesters crowded into
downtown Guayaquil, answering a call from the mayor of Ecuador's biggest city to demonstrate against the national government. Mayor Jaime Nebot, a conservative, accused President Rafael Correa of trying to build a system that Nebot called a copy of Venezuela's leftist leader, Hugo Chavez.
2010 Feb 11, In Ecuador tens of thousands of protesters crowded into downtown Guayaquil, answering a call from the mayor of Ecuador's biggest city to demonstrate against the national government. Mayor Jaime Nebot, a conservative,
accused President Rafael Correa of trying to build a system that Nebot called a copy of Venezuela's leftist leader, Hugo Chavez.
2010 Mar 26, In
Ecuador a district court judge convicted Emilio Palacio, a newspaper editorial writer for the newspaper El Universo, of insulting the head of the government's National Financial Corp. and sentenced him to three years in prison.
2010 Mar 30, In Ecuador journalist Emilio Palacio, facing a 3-year prison sentence for defamation, accused President Rafael Correa of orchestrating his prosecution as a warning that critics of the government will be severely punished.
2010 Mar 30, Chevron said the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague has ruled in favor of its claim against Ecuador related to past operations of its Texaco unit. The tribunal ruled that Ecuador’s courts delayed rulings on a contract
dispute and awarded Chevron about $700 million as of Dec 22, 2006. A separate case over a $27 billion pollution claim remained pending.
(SFC, 3/31/10, p.A2)
6, In Ecuador 20 columnists and contributors to the state newspaper El Telegrafo said they will no longer write for the paper because of alleged censorship.
Apr 10, Bolivian delegate Pablo Solon confirmed that the US reduced aid after Bolivia opposed the adoption of the Copenhagen Accord brokered at the UN climate summit last December in the Danish capital. The Washington Post reported on April 9 that the US is cutting $3 million to Bolivia and $2.5 million to Ecuador from its Global Climate Change
2010 Apr 17, Ecuador’s President Rafael Correa said Ecuador will move to take over the operations of foreign oil companies in the country
unless they sign new contracts agreeing to increased state control over the sector.
2010 May 28, In Ecuador strong explosions rocked the
Tungurahua volcano, prompting evacuations of hundreds of people from nearby villages.
2010 Jun 7, A commission named by Ecuador's left-leaning
government to investigate human rights violations in the previous quarter century blamed late right-wing President Leon Febres Cordero for two-thirds of such cases. Elsie Monge, president of the so-called truth commission, said that the 1984-88 Cordero administration was marked by "a climate of fear and anxiety."
2010 Jul 3, The US Drug Enforcement Administration said it has helped seize a submarine capable of transporting tons of cocaine. DEA officials said that the diesel electric-powered submarine was constructed in a remote jungle and
captured near a tributary close to the Ecuador-Colombia border. Ecuadorean authorities seized the sub before it could make its maiden voyage. The sophisticated camouflaged vessel has a conning tower, periscope and air-conditioning system. It measured about nine-feet-high from the deck plates to the ceiling and stretched nearly a 100 feet long. The DEA says it was built for trans-oceanic drug
2010 Jul 28, The Galapagos Islands, 620 miles (1,000 kms) off Ecuador's coast, were removed from the UNESCO list of sites endangered by
environmental threats or overuse.
2010 Aug 2, In Colombia Orlando Sigifredo Ibarra Sarmiento, an Ecuadoran businessman (37), was seized in the border
city of Ipiales. In 2012 a deserter from a guerrilla army led the hostage to freedom.
2010 Aug 29, In Ecuador a bus ran off a highway and overturned,
killing at least 36 people. At least 12 others were badly hurt. The bus from the Turismo Oriental line had left the city of Cuenca with about 30 passengers and had picked up others along the way to Quito.
2010 Sep 5, In Ecuador 15 people were killed and at least seven injured when a drunken Luis Alberto Hessmer Vargas drove an SUV into a crowded bus stop in the coastal city of Guayaquil.
2010 Sep 17, Chevron Corp. rejected new estimates of damages in the jungles of Ecuador that rose to a range of $40 to $90 billion. The suit stemmed from operations by Texaco from 1972-1990 when it managed a drilling consortium. Chevron bought Texaco in
(SFC, 9/18/10, p.D3)
2010 Sep 30, In Ecuador rebellious police threw the country into chaos. 8 people were killed including at least two police officers and a
soldier. 247 were injured in the mayhem. Insurgents also paralyzed the nation with airport shutdowns and highway blockades. Pres. Correa (47) was trapped inside the hospital for hours before troops rescued him amid a blaze of gunfire. Police chief Freddy Martinez was not involved in the protests but failed to stop them, so he was the first senior officer to lose his job. Correa’s efforts to cut
back spending had made him enemies, including some of the rank and file in the security forces.
(AP, 10/1/10)(Reuters, 10/1/10)(Econ, 10/9/10, p.54)
2010 Oct 1,
Ecuador was under a state of siege, the streets quiet with the military in charge of public order. Three police colonels were arrested for failing to prevent a massive protest by their subordinates that left 5 people dead.
(AP, 10/1/10)(AP, 10/3/10)
2010 Oct 2, Ecuador agreed to raise wages in the armed forces by up to $35 million annually, days after soldiers battled rebel police to rescue President Rafael Correa from what he called a coup bid. Defense Minister Javier Ponce said it was chance the wage were agreed two days after the
assault on Correa. He said the increases will cost $30 million to $35 million a year.
2010 Oct 6, Ecuador's interior minister said 46 police
officers have been detained for alleged participation in the Sep 30 police revolt against President Rafael Correa that claimed 5 lives.
2010 Oct 7, In
Ecuador a court was issued authorizing the jailing of 12 police officers and a police colonel while prosecutors investigate the Sep 30 police uprising that resulted in 5 deaths.
Oct 15, In Ecuador a tunnel collapsed in a gold mine in the south, trapping four miners 490 feet (150 meters) underground. Authorities said rescue efforts were under way. The bodies of 2 miners were found the next day as rescue efforts continued for 2 others. Their bodies were found on Oct 20.
(AP, 10/15/10)(AP, 10/17/10)(Reuters, 10/20/10)
2010 Dec 24, The Ecuadorean government recognized Palestine as a sovereign state.
2010 Dec 24, In Ecuador an overcrowded bus plunged into a 1,100-foot (350m) ravine leaving 38 people dead and 46 injured.
2011 Feb 13, In Brockton, Massachusetts, the bodies of Maria Palaguachi-Cela (25) and her 2-year-old son, Brian Caguana, were found stuffed into a dumpster. They had been bludgeoned to death. Suspect Luis Guaman (42) soon fled to Ecuador. On April 30, 2012, Guaman was convicted in Ecuador
of premeditated murder and faced 16-25 years in prison. On May 8, 2012 he was sentenced to 25 years in prison and fined $10,000.
(http://tinyurl.com/6n7clej)(AP, 4/30/12)(AP, 5/8/12)
Feb 14, An Ecuadorean judge ruled that Chevron Corp. was responsible for oil contamination in a wide swath of Ecuador's northern jungle. The plaintiffs' attorney says the company was fined $8 billion. The company said that it would appeal, and called the judge's decision "illegitimate and unenforceable."
2011 Feb 25, Panama customs director Gloria Moreno de Lopez said that nearly a half ton (421 kilos) shark fins were found at Panama's international airport in a shipment labeled as dried fish. She
says the container originated in Ecuador and was bound for New York City.
2011 Mar 7, A US federal judge extended his temporary order banning
collection of an $18 billion judgment by the courts in Ecuador against Chevron, saying the oil company could face irreparable harm because it appeared that lawyers for Ecuadoreans who sued over rainforest contamination were going to try to quickly collect the award.
2011 Mar 23, Mexican authorities said they have detained Victor Manuel Felix, an in-law of top drug lord Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman, who allegedly ran a transnational drug operation that reached as far as Ecuador. 8 other people were
detained along with Felix in raids in three Mexican states that began last week. Raids in Ecuador resulted in the detention of 9 suspects. The navy announced it had detained 7 local police officers, most from the Monterrey suburb of San Nicolas de los Garza, on suspicion of working for drug cartels. A daylight shooting in Monterey, thought to involve rival drug gangs, killed a teenage boy and 2
2011 Apr 5, Ecuador said it is expelling US Ambassador Heather Hodges over a diplomatic cable divulged by WikiLeaks that accused Jaime
Hurtado Vaca, a newly retired police chief, of a long history of corruption and speculates that President Rafael Correa was aware of it.
2011 May 7,
Ecuadoreans voted on 10 ballot questions proposed by leftist President Rafael Correa that could affect press freedom and the judiciary's independence. Five of the questions mandated constitutional change. The other five required congressional action. Two controversial questions from the referendum appeared to be headed for defeat.
(AP, 5/7/11)(AP, 5/8/11)(Econ, 5/14/11, p.46)
2011 May, Ecuador banned bullfighting in which bull dies after five centuries of tradition.
(SSFC, 7/3/11, p.A4)
2011 Jul 16, Authorities in Ecuador banned the sale of alcohol in the coastal municipality of Urdaneta in Los Rios province after at least 19 people died after drinking adulterated alcohol.
The victims began drinking the alcohol on July 7. Adulterated liquor was later traced to a factory near Guayaquil, where methanol was being added to fruity wines. By September some 51 were dead and 771 poisoned.
(AP, 7/15/11)(AP, 7/17/11)(Econ, 9/24/11, p.49)
2011 Jul 20, In Ecuador a judge ordered Emilio Palacio, a former columnist for El Universo, and 3 of the paper’s directors, to pay Pres. Rafael Correa $40 million in damages for an article published in February, 2010, regarding a mutiny by police. Correa had asked for $80m. In September an
appeals courts upheld 3-year prison sentences for the columnist and directors as well as $42 million in fines. On Feb 16, 2012, Ecuador's highest court upheld the criminal libel verdict.
(Econ, 7/30/11, p.34)(SFC, 9/21/11, p.A2)(AP, 2/16/12)
2011 Jul 21, Ecuadoran authorities said they have seized 357 dead sharks from a boat fishing illegally in the protected waters off the Galapagos Islands.
2012 Jan 4, An Ecuadoran appeals court upheld last year’s landmark $9.5 billion judgement against Chevron Corp. over oil contamination in the Amazon rain forest.
(SFC, 1/5/12, p.D1)
2012 Jan 26, Ecuador’s health ministry said it will investigate and act forcefully against any clinics found to be trying to force homosexuals to change their sexual
(SFC, 1/27/12, p.A2)
2012 Feb 6, An Ecuadorean judge ordered two journalists, Juan Carlos Calderon and Cristian Zurita, to pay $1 million each to
President Rafael Correa, finding them guilty of defamation for reporting that he knew about contracts his older brother had with the state in a case brought by Correa over their 2010 book "The Big Brother."
2012 Feb 9, Ecuador's foreign minister said police in Italy found nearly 90 pounds (40 kilos) of cocaine last month in diplomatic mail sent to the Mediterranean country and two suspects have been arrested. The crates had been inspected by police dogs before leaving Ecuador, but had traveled to Italy through a third
2012 Feb 16, Ecuador's highest court upheld a July 20, 2011, criminal libel verdict favoring President Rafael Correa, sentencing three
newspaper executives and a columnist to three years in prison each and ordering them to pay a total of $42 million in damages. Three of the four defendants left Ecuador before the verdict, saying they feared for their safety, and Panamanian President Ricardo Martinelli announced he was granting political asylum to El Universo's director, Carlos Perez.
2012 Feb 19, In northern Ecuador a bus toppled over a cliff killing 27 adults and 2 children near the town of
(SFC, 2/20/12, p.A2)
2012 Feb 27, Ecuador’s President Rafael Correa said he would drop two controversial lawsuits against El Universo newspaper and the
authors of the 2010 book "The Big Brother."
(SFC, 2/28/12, p.A2)
2012 May 8, Ecuador’s legislature passed legislation that would require banks to forgive
any outstanding debt on mortgages for first-time home buyers of properties worth up to $146,000 if they default and forfeit a home.
(SFC, 5/10/12, p.A2)
2012 May 30,
Ecuadorans sued Chevron in Canada in an attempt to seize $18 billion in assets after the company refused to pay a verdict against it in Ecuador.
(SFC, 5/31/12, p.A13)
Jun 5, Bolivia, Ecuador, Nicaragua and Venezuela said they were pulling out of the Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance during an annual meeting of the Organization of American States (OAS) in Bolivia.
(SFC, 6/6/12, p.A2)
2012 Jun 24, In Ecuador’s Galapagos National Park the only remaining Pinta Island tortoise and celebrated conservation icon, passed away. Lonesome George, estimated to be more than 100 years old, was discovered in 1972 at a time when tortoises of his type were already believed to be
2012 Jun 26, Ecuador’s coast guard said marines have seized a semisubmersible capable of transporting 10-15 tons of cocaine. The 50-foot
vessel was under construction on a small island in the gulf of Guayaquil.
(SFC, 6/27/12, p.A2)
2012 Jun 27, Lawyers representing Amazon rain forest residents in
Ecuador filed a 2nd lawsuit in Brazil to seize assets of Chevron Corp. as part of their effort to collect an $18.2 billion judgement they won in Ecuador in 2011.
(SFC, 6/28/12, p.A2)
Aug 16, Ecuador granted political asylum to WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange, setting up a diplomatic confrontation with Britain, which angrily insisted it would extradite him to Sweden.
2012 Oct 27, Ecuador’s Pres. Rafael Correa announced plans to give a bigger share of bank profits to the country's poor. Under his plan, taxes would go up on bank holdings abroad and an excise tax on financial services would increase, with the proceeds used to increase lump-sum payments
for single mothers, the elderly poor and other needy Ecuadoreans.
2012 Nov 1, Lawyers for Amazonian Indians said they are seeking the seizure of $2
billion of Chevron Corp.'s assets in Argentina as they tried to collect an $18.7 billion environmental judgment won in Ecuador last year.
2012 Nov 7,
An Argentine judge embargoed Chevron Corp.’s assets in Argentina to carry out an Ecuadoran court order that awarded $19 billion to plaintiffs in an environmental damage lawsuit in the Amazon.
(SFC, 11/8/12, p.A3)
2012 Nov 15, An Ecuadoran helicopter began dropping nearly 22 tons of specially designed poison bait on the Galapagos island of Pinzon, launching the second phase of a campaign to clear out some 180 million non-native rodents.
2012 Dec 19, Ecuador's Central Bank President Pedro Delgado resigned after acknowledging that he presented a fake academic degree 22 years ago, a scandal that prompted the country's leader to call for him to face justice. Delgado,
who is a cousin of Ecuadorean President Rafael Correa, apologized to the nation.
2013 Feb 17, Ecuadoreans cast ballots with President Rafael Correa
(48), a dynamic, polemical economist, highly favored to win a 2nd re-election. His leftist government has won broad backing from the lower classes as it leads Latin America in social spending as a portion of the economy. Correa won 56.9% of the vote against 23.8% for his closest challenger, longtime banker Guillermo Lasso.
2013 Mar 5, In Ecuador a Huaorani couple, including village leader Ompure, died in a spearing attack. A revenge attack by a Huaorani war party later killed a number of people at the settlement of
(SFC, 4/4/13, p.A2)(SSFC, 4/7/13, p.A4)
2013 May 24, Ecuador’s Pres. Rafael Correa took office for a 3rd
(Econ, 8/24/13, p.36)
2013 Mar 27, It was reported the Ecuador planned to auction off 7.4 million acres of Amazon rain forest to Chinese oil companies. 7
indigenous groups said they had not consented to the projects.
(SSFC, 3/31/13, p.A4)
2013 Jun 4, Ecuador's state oil company resumed pumping through the country's
main pipeline, four days after it was damaged by a landslide. But crude spilled by the accident reached tributaries of the Amazon River and polluted drinking water for a regional capital far downstream.
2013 Jun 13, Ecuador passed a new mining law imposing an 8% ceiling on previously open-ended royalties and streamlined the permit processes.
(Econ, 6/22/13, p.41)
2013 Jun 24, Ecuador's foreign minister said his country will act not on its interests but on its principles as it considers an asylum request from National Security Agency leaker Edward Snowden, wanted for revealing classified US secrets.
2013 Jun 27, Ecuador's leftist government thumbed its nose at Washington by renouncing US trade benefits and offering to pay for human rights training in America in response to pressure over asylum for former intelligence contractor
2013 Jun 28, Vice President Joe Biden asked Ecuador to turn down an asylum request from National Security Agency leaker Edward
2013 Oct 1, A judge in Ecuador ordered the arrest of three retired senior military officers and the house arrest of seven more on charges of
committing crimes against humanity almost 30 years ago.
2013 Oct 26, Panama granted asylum to an Ecuadoran opposition politician sentenced to
prison last month for his role in a multiple homicide case, finding that he was subjected to political persecution. Tito Galo Lara Yepez (45) was convicted on Sep 2 as an accomplice in the murder of an Ecuadoran couple and their four-year-old child and sentenced in absentia to 10 years in prison.
Subject = Ecuador
End of file