Timeline Egypt B 2011-Present

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USDS:
http://www.state.gov/www/about_state/business/com_guides/1999/nea/99egypt.html
USLC:
http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/egtoc.html

Egypt is about 3 times the size of New Mexico.
(SSFC, 10/9/05, Par p.27)
The god Sia was invoked to protect the genitals of the dead.
    (SFEC, 1/11/98, Z1 p.8)

2011        Jan 1, In Egypt a powerful bomb, possibly from a suicide attacker, exploded in front of a Coptic Christian church in Alexandria as a crowd of worshippers emerged from a New Years Mass, killing at least 21 people and wounding nearly 80. The Gaza-based Army of Islam was later said to be behind the planning and execution of the attack. The attack sparked three days of Christian rioting in Cairo and several other cities.
    (AP, 1/1/10)(Reuters, 1/4/11)(AP, 1/23/11)

2011        Jan 10, Egypt said it aims to generate 12% of its electricity needs by wind power and will initiate wind-farm projects with a capacity of 2,690 megawatts over the next five years.
    (AFP, 1/10/11)

2011        Jan 11, In Egypt an off-duty Muslim police officer, Amer Ashour Abdel Zaher, opened fire on a train, killing one Christian (71) and wounding 5 others. Zaher was arrested after he fled the scene.
    (SFC, 1/12/11, p.A2)

2011        Jan 12, In Egypt hundreds of Christians demonstrated near a Cairo slum, blocking a major highway and clashing with police following the Jan 11 shooting death of a Christian man.
    (AP, 1/12/11)

2011        Jan 17, Two men set themselves on fire in Egypt and Mauritania, raising to three the number of self-immolation attempts apparently influenced by a similar action in Tunisia that helped trigger a popular uprising. In Cairo Abdou Abdel-Monaam Hamadah (48) was taken to the hospital with light burns. In Nouakchott Yacoub Ould Dahoud (43) torched himself in his car and was rushed to a hospital.
    (AP, 1/17/11)

2011        Jan 18, In Egypt Ahmed Hashem el-Sayed (25), an unemployed man, died in a hospital after setting himself on fire the previous evening in the port city of Alexandria. Two men attempted to set themselves on fire in downtown Cairo. Both survived.
    (AP, 1/18/11)

2011        Jan 20, Egypt's highest Islamic authority, al-Azhar, said it was freezing all dialogue with the Roman Catholic Church over what it called Pope Benedict's repeated insults toward Islam.
    (Reuters, 1/20/11)

2011        Jan 23, North Korea's leader Kim Jong Il held talks with an Orascom Telecom Executive Naguib Sawiris, an Egyptian telecoms magnate. In 2008 Orascom set up and began operating an advanced mobile phone network in North Korea.
    (AP, 1/24/11)

2011        Jan 25, In Egypt thousands of anti-government protesters, some hurling rocks and climbing atop an armored police truck, clashed with riot police in the center of Cairo in a Tunisia-inspired demonstration to demand the end of Hosni Mubarak's nearly 30 years in power. A loose coalition had issued a Facebook call for a “day of rage" to coincide with Police Day, recently declared a national holiday. The interior minister said authorities have arrested 19 Arabs suspected of having links to al-Qaida en route to Iraq. Habib el-Adly said the suspects were taken into custody before Jan 1.
    (AP, 1/25/11)(Econ, 1/29/11, p.43)

2011        Jan 26, Thousands of Egyptians defied a ban on protests by returning to Egypt's streets and calling for President Hosni Mubarak to leave office, and some scuffled with police. Police quickly moved in and used tear gas and beatings to disperse the demonstrators. The crackdown saw hundreds detained and left six people dead over two days.
    (AP, 1/26/11)(AFP, 1/27/11)

2011        Jan 27, Egyptian police fought protesters in two cities in eastern Egypt and Nobel Peace Prize winner Mohamed ElBaradei headed back to the country to join demonstrators trying to oust President Hosni Mubarak. Egyptians torched a police post in the eastern city of Suez over the killing of protesters in anti-government demonstrations earlier in the week. Activists outraged over unemployment and repression kept up the momentum of the largest anti-government protests in years, taking to the streets for the third straight day. Mubarak's ruling party said it is ready to open a dialogue. Egypt's stock exchange suspended trading temporarily after a sharp drop, amid the largest anti-government protests in the country in three decades.
    (Reuters, 1/27/11)(AP, 1/27/11)(AFP, 1/26/11)

2011        Jan 28, Egyptian security officials said police have put Nobel Peace laureate Mohamed ElBaradei under house arrest. Dozens of people were wounded as police and demonstrators fought running battles on the streets of Cairo in a fourth day of unprecedented protests by tens of thousands of Egyptians demanding an end to President Hosni Mubarak's three-decade rule. Looters broke into the Egyptian Museum during anti-government protests late in the day and destroyed two Pharaonic mummies. The “Friday of Rage" witnessed a heavy police crackdown on tens of thousands of protesters. Policeman Mohammed Abdel-Moneim was later sentenced to death for shooting 20 protesters. In 2012 his death sentence was overturned.
    (AP, 1/28/11)(Reuters, 1/28/11)(Reuters, 1/29/11)(AP, 3/7/12)
2011        Jan 28, British-based Vodafone said the Egyptian government has ordered all mobile telephone operators to suspend services "in selected areas" of the country. Egypt's four primary Internet providers, Link Egypt, Vodafone/Raya, Telecom Egypt, Etisalat Misr, and all went dark at 12:34 a.m.
    (AP, 1/28/11)

2011        Jan 29, Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak (82) named his intelligence chief and close confidant Omar Suleiman as vice president, his first VP since coming to power nearly 30 years ago. Tens of thousands of Egyptians snubbed Mubarak's promised reforms and took their deadly revolt to the streets for a fifth day. An enraged mob killed three police in the Sinai town of Rafah, bringing the overall death toll from the nationwide protests to at least 48 since Jan 25. Two Cairo mobile phone networks came back on line, a day after all Egyptian operators were told to cut services. State TV said wealthy business Ahmed Ezz, a close confidante of the president's son and one of the targets for protester criticism, has resigned from ruling party. The military declined to block the latest rally and soldiers showed solidarity with demonstrators.
    (AP, 1/29/11)(AFP, 1/29/11)(Reuters, 1/29/11)(SSFC, 1/30/11, p.A5)
2011        Jan 29, Saudi Arabia's stock exchange tumbled by over 6 percent, setting the stage for other regional markets to drop as concerns mounted about the violent protests in Egypt.
    (AP, 1/29/11)

2011        Jan 30, Egyptian fighter jets swooped low over Cairo in what appeared to be an attempt by the military to show its control of a city beset by looting, armed robbery and anti-government protests. Gangs of armed men attacked at least four jails before dawn, helping to free hundreds of Muslim militants and thousands of other inmates. The official death toll from five days of growing crisis stood at 74, with thousands injured. Al-Jazeera said that Egyptian authorities ordered the closure of its Cairo news hub.
    (AP, 1/30/11)
2011        Jan 30, Israeli officials agreed to allow Egypt to move several hundred troops into the Sinai peninsula for the first time since the countries reached peace three decades ago.
    (AP, 1/31/11)

2011        Jan 31, Egypt’s Pres. Mubarak named a new government, but the lineup dominated by regime stalwarts was greeted with scorn by protesters camped out for the fourth day in the capital's central Tahrir Square. A coalition of opposition groups called for a million people to take to Cairo's streets Feb 1 to demand the removal of Mubarak.  The official death toll from the crisis stood at 97, with thousands injured, but reports from witnesses across the country indicated the actual toll was far higher. Mubarak appointed General Murad Mowafi, former north Sinai governor, as head of Egyptian intelligence. The military promised on state TV late in the day that it would not fire on protesters answering a call for a million people to demonstrate the next day. Vice President Omar Suleiman, appointed by Mubarak only two days earlier in what could be a succession plan, went on state TV to announce the offer of a dialogue with "political forces" for constitutional and legislative reforms.
    (AP, 1/31/11)(AFP, 1/31/11)(AP, 2/1/11)

2011        Feb 1, In Egypt more than a quarter-million people flooded Cairo's main square in a stunning and jubilant array of young and old, urban poor and middle class professionals, mounting by far the largest protest yet in a week of unrelenting demands for President Hosni Mubarak to leave after nearly 30 years in power. A coalition of opposition groups told Egypt's government that they would only begin talks with the military on a transition to democracy once President Hosni Mubarak stands down. Mubarak went on national television and rejected demands he step down immediately and said he would serve out the remaining seven months of his term.
    (AP, 2/1/11)(Reuters, 2/1/11)(AP, 2/2/11)

2011        Feb 2, In Egypt several thousand supporters of President Hosni Mubarak, including some riding horses and camels and wielding whips, attacked anti-government protesters as the upheaval took a dangerous new turn. In scenes of chaos and pitched fighting, the two sides pelted each other with stones, and protesters dragged attackers off their horses. Egyptian troops fired warning shots in a bid to end clashes with regime supporters and the protesters reacted jubilantly. The government said three people were killed. The government began to reinstate Internet service after days of an unprecedented cutoff, and state TV announced the easing of a nighttime curfew. As many as 11 people were killed and over 1,000 wounded.
    (AP, 2/2/11)(AFP, 2/2/11)(Econ, 2/12/11, p.28)

2011        Feb 3, Egypt's embattled government announced a slew of measures aimed at defusing a bloody revolt and taking back the initiative, as protesters battled pro-regime militants for control of Cairo's Tahrir Square and spurned an offer for talks. Egypt’s military rounded up journalists after they came under attack from supporters of President Hosni Mubarak who have been assaulting anti-government protesters. An army tank moved against supporters of Mubarak as they hurled rocks at anti-Mubarak protesters in central Cairo, prompting cheers from demonstrators battered by overnight fighting that killed six. State news agency MENA said Egypt's public prosecutor has issued a travel ban on some ministers from the former government and at least one former ruling party official, and froze their bank accounts. Vodafone accused the Egyptian authorities of using its network to send pro-government text messages to its subscribers, without clear attribution.   
    (AFP, 2/3/11)(AP, 2/3/11)(Reuters, 2/3/11)

2011        Feb 4, In Egypt protesters demanding President Hosni Mubarak's ouster packed Cairo's central square by the tens of thousands, waving flags, singing the national anthem and cheering, appearing undaunted and determined after their camp withstood two days of street battles with regime supporters trying to dislodge them. At least 8 people have been killed in the fighting and more than 800 injured. , Finance Minister Samir Radwan said Egypt has created a 5 billion Egyptian pound ($854 million) fund to compensate people for property damaged during the political protests that have rocked the country. An Egyptian reporter who was shot during clashes a week ago died of his wounds.
    (AP, 2/4/11)(Reuters, 2/4/11)
2011        Feb 4, The New York Times reported that US and Egyptian officials were discussing a plan for Mubarak to turn power over now to a transitional government headed by Vice President Omar Suleiman.
    (AFP, 2/4/11)

2011        Feb 5, Leaders of Egypt's unprecedented wave of anti-government protests held talks with the prime minister over ways to ease President Mubarak out of office, but the government appeared to be digging in its heels. The top executive committee of Egypt's ruling National Democratic Party (NDP), which includes Mubarak's son Gamal, resigned en masse. Secretary-general of the ruling party, Safwat el-Sharif, resigned in a gesture to protesters carrying out a 12-day-old wave of anti-government demonstrations. It was decided to name Hossam Badrawi secretary general of the party.
    (AP, 2/5/11)(AFP, 2/5/11)
2011        Feb 5, Unknown saboteurs attacked an Egyptian pipeline supplying gas to Jordan, forcing authorities to switch off gas supply from a twin pipeline to Israel. Egypt supplies about 40 percent of Israel's natural gas. The attack came after Israel expressed concern that its natural gas supplies from Egypt could be threatened if a new regime takes power in Cairo.
    (AFP, 2/5/11)

2011        Feb 6, Egypt's VP Omar Suleiman met a broad representation of major opposition groups, including the Muslim Brotherhood, for the first time and agreed to allow freedom of the press, to release those detained since anti-government protests began nearly two weeks and ago and to lift the country's hated emergency laws when security permits.
    (AP, 2/6/11)(AFP, 2/6/11)

2011        Feb 7, Egypt's embattled regime announced a 15% increase in salaries and pensions in the latest attempt to defuse popular anger amid protests demanding Pres. Mubarak's ouster. The regime appeared confident in its ability for the moment to ride out the unprecedented storm of unrest, and maintain its grip on power, at least until September elections. Mubarak's new cabinet held its first full meeting since an uprising started nearly two weeks ago.
    (AP, 2/7/11)(Reuters, 2/7/11)
2011        Feb 7, In Egypt Wael Ghonim (30), a Google Inc. marketing manager, was released from 12 days of detention and gave an emotionally charged television interview, sobbing at times over those who have been killed. He dubbed the protests "the revolution of the youth of the Internet." He was a key organizer of the online campaign that sparked the first protest on Jan 25.
    (AP, 2/8/11)

2011        Feb 8, In Egypt a massive crowd of anti-government protesters poured into Cairo's Tahrir Square again, joined for the first time by Wael Ghonim, a young leader of the campaign the day after he was released from detention. Egypt's military was not allowing foreign journalists without credentials to enter Cairo's Tahrir Square, part of what an international press watchdog called new obstacles in covering the ongoing crisis. Foreign journalists already with credentials were allowed into the square.
    (AP, 2/8/11)

2011        Feb 9, Egypt's anti-government activists pushed to expand their protests and sought to drum up labor unrest as thousands launched strikes at state firms and offices around the country, in defiance of the vice president's warning that demonstrations calling for President Hosni Mubarak's ouster would not be tolerated for much longer.
    (AP, 2/9/11)

2011        Feb 10, Egypt’s state television reported that the state prosecutor has launched a formal corruption investigation against three former government ministers and a former ruling party leader. In a late night speech President Hosni Mubarak handed most of his powers to his vice president but refused to step down. Shock that Mubarak did not step down turned to rage the next day, and protests escalated.
    (Reuters, 2/10/11)(AP, 2/10/11)(AP, 2/11/11)

2011        Feb 11, Egypt's powerful military tried to defuse outrage over President Hosni Mubarak's refusal to step down, assuring it would guarantee promised reforms. But hundreds of thousands only grew angrier, deluging squares in at least three major cities and marching on presidential palaces and the state TV building for a Day of Martyrs. Mubarak flew to the Sinai resort of Sharm el-Sheikh, some 250 miles away from the turmoil. Mubarak stepped down as Egypt's president following 18 days of mass protests, handing over to the army and ending three decades of autocratic rule. Vice President Omar Suleiman named a military council to run the country's affairs. Cairo erupted in a cacophony of celebration: fireworks and car horns and gunshots in the air. Defense Minister Hussein Tantawi (75) took power from Mubarak. CBS correspondent Lara Logan was beaten and sexually assaulted by a mob while covering the jubilation in Cairo's Tahrir Square. She was saved by a group of women and an estimated 20 Egyptian soldiers. About 23,000 of the nation's 80,000 prisoners escaped during the 18-day uprising that lead to the ouster of President Hosanna Mubarak. 
    (AP, 2/11/11)(Reuters, 2/11/11)(AP, 2/12/11)(AP, 2/16/11)(Reuters, 2/16/11)(Econ, 2/12/11, p.28)(AP, 3/11/11)
2011        Feb 11, Switzerland froze any assets belonging to Egypt’s Hosni Mubarak or his family.
    (SFC, 2/12/11, p.A5)

2011        Feb 12, Egypt’s ruling military pledged to eventually hand power to an elected civilian government and reassured allies that Egypt will abide by its peace treaty with Israel after the ouster of President Hosni Mubarak, as it outlined the first cautious steps in a promised transition to greater democracy. Human Rights Watch documented 302 deaths thus far, many of them victims of police gunfire on the nights of Jan 28 and 29.
    (AP, 2/12/11)(Econ, 2/12/11, p.27)
2011        Feb 12, At least 13 Egyptians died and nearly two dozen were injured when a 6-storey building collapsed in the southern tourist town of Luxor.
    (AFP, 2/12/11)

2011        Feb 13, Egypt's military leaders dissolved parliament and suspended the constitution, meeting two key demands of protesters who have been keeping up pressure for immediate steps to transition to democratic. The military said they would govern only for six months or until elections took place, following the overthrow of Hosni Mubarak.
    (AP, 2/13/11)(Reuters, 2/13/11)

2011        Feb 14, Egypt's 470,000-strong military delivered an ultimatum to dozens of committed protesters in Tahrir Square, nerve center of a movement that toppled Hosni Mubarak, to leave and let life return to normal or face arrest. Military rulers called for an end to strikes and protests as thousands of state employees, from ambulance drivers to police and transport workers, demonstrated to demand better pay. Officials said Egypt's stock exchange will remain closed through the end of the week, as a strike by public sector bank workers added to the challenges facing the country since the ouster of President Hosni Mubarak.
    (AP, 2/14/11)
2011        Feb 14, A senior US official said the US has received requests from Egypt's new government to freeze the assets of officials who worked for ousted Egyptian Pres. Mubarak.
    (AFP, 2/15/11)

2011        Feb 15, Egypt's military regime warned that a wave of strikes sweeping the country was "disastrous", as it gave a panel of civilian experts 10 days to revise the constitution. The long banned Muslim Brotherhood said it intends to form a political party once democracy is established, as the country's new military rulers launched a panel of experts to amend the country's constitution enough to allow democratic elections later this year.
    (AFP, 2/15/11)(AP, 2/15/11)

2011        Feb 16, Egypt’s ruling military council issued its 2nd statement in 3 days calling for an immediate halt to all labor unrest. Airport employees protested for better pay, but did not disrupt flights. Textile workers struck to demand a corruption investigation and residents of a Suez Canal city pressed for closing a chemical factory they say is dumping toxic waste into a lake.
    (AP, 2/16/11)
2011        Feb 16, International migration officials said nearly 100 Egyptians have arrived in Italy in two boats, as fears rose about a wave of people trying to reach Europe because of turmoil in the Arab world.
    (AP, 2/16/11)

2011        Feb 17, At least 1,500 Egyptian workers from the Suez Canal Authority protested for better pay in three cities straddling the strategic waterway.
    (AP, 2/17/11)

2011        Feb 18, In Egypt hundreds of thousands of flag-waving Egyptians packed into central Tahrir Square for a day of celebration to mark the fall of longtime leader Hosni Mubarak a week ago and push their new military rulers to steer the country toward reform.
    (AP, 2/18/11)

2011        Feb 19, An Egyptian court licensed the Al-Wasat Al-Jadid (the New Center), a moderate Islamic party founded in 1996, after its application for legal status was turned down four times by the former Egyptian government.
    (AP, 2/19/11)

2011        Feb 20, Egyptian banks opened after a week-long closure as the economy struggled to get back on its feet after political turmoil caused by the uprising that toppled Hosni Mubarak and subsequent labor protests. Workers at Misr Spinning and Weaving, Egypt's largest factory, ended a strike and went back to work after the strikers' main demands were met.
    (Reuters, 2/20/11)(AFP, 2/20/11)

2011        Feb 21, Egypt asked Britain for its support in seeking debt forgiveness from Europe, in the latest push to boost an economy bruised by weeks of protests that toppled Pres. Mubarak. Egypt owed the EU member states about $9 billion. According to central bank figures the country's total foreign debt stood at about $34.7 billion as of the end of September 2011.
    (AP, 2/22/11)
2011        Feb 21, Egypt's prosecutor general requested a freeze on the foreign assets of Hosni Mubarak and his family, 10 days after the longtime president resigned in the face of a popular uprising.
    (AFP, 2/21/11)

2011        Feb 22, Egypt's foreign ministry told its embassies in the Arab world and Western countries to seek a freeze on the assets of former President Hosni Mubarak and his family. Massive labor protests and strikes turned violent, with the deputy head of one public sector company being beaten to death by irate workers.
    (Reuters, 2/22/11)(AP, 2/22/11)

2011        Feb 23, In Egypt a security official said hundreds of low-ranking police have set fire to parts of the security headquarters in Cairo after four days of protests to demand better salaries. The killing of a Coptic Christian priest in southern Egypt triggered street demonstrations by several thousand Christians.
    (AP, 2/23/11)

2011        Feb 24, Egyptian authorities arrested the country's former information minister and the chairman of state TV and radio on corruption allegations.
    (AP, 2/24/11)

2011        Feb 25, In Egypt tens of thousands rallied in Cairo's Tahrir Square, trying to keep up pressure on Egypt's military rulers to carry out reforms and calling for the dismissal of holdovers from the regime of ousted President Hosni Mubarak.
    (AP, 2/25/11)

2011        Feb 26, Egypt's ruling military council apologized after military police a day earlier beat protesters in Cairo's Tahrir Square. activists called for fresh protests to denounce violence by the authorities. A judicial committee formed to draft changes to Egypt's constitution proposed capping to eight years the time a president can stay in office and loosening the rules that curbed competition for the post.
    (AFP, 2/26/11)(Reuters, 2/26/11)

2011        Feb 27, Villagers in southern Egypt blocked the Assiut-Cairo highway with burning tires and set fire to three government buildings to protest official corruption. More than 2,000 employees of the Assiut provincial government went on strike.
    (AP, 2/27/11)

2011        Feb 28, Egypt's top prosecutor seized all the funds of ousted leader Hosni Mubarak and his family and banned them from travel abroad.
    (AP, 2/28/11)

2011        Mar 3, Egypt's military rulers said the prime minister appointed by ousted President Hosni Mubarak has resigned, meeting a key demand of the opposition protest movement. The military chose former Transport Minister Essam Sharaf as the new prime minister and asked him to form a new caretaker Cabinet to run the government throughout a transition back to civilian rule.
    (AP, 3/3/11)

2011        Mar 4, Egypt's top archaeologist, Zahi Hawass, warned that the country's antiquity sites were being looted by criminals amid the country's political upheaval as he announced he would no longer serve in his ministerial post in the government. Hundreds of protesters attempted to storm a building belonging to the internal security service in Alexandria in an outpouring of anger at the agency blamed for some of the worst human rights violations during ousted President Hosni Mubarak's rule.
    (AP, 3/4/11)

2011        Mar 5, Egyptians turned their anger toward his internal security apparatus, storming the agency's main headquarters and other offices seizing documents to keep them from being destroyed to hide evidence of human rights abuses. Christian and Muslim families have clashed south of Cairo in a dispute over a romance between children from the two families. The fathers from both families have been killed and a crowd of Muslims torched a church in Soul.
    (AP, 3/5/11)

2011        Mar 8, An Egyptian court rejected an appeal by ousted President Hosni Mubarak and his family against a top prosecutor's move to seize funds that could total in the billions of dollars. Clashes also broke out when a Muslim mob attacked thousands of Christians protesting the burning of a Cairo church. At least 13 people were killed and some 140 wounded.
    (AP, 3/8/11)(AP, 3/9/11)
2011        Mar 8, In Egypt a protest by hundreds of women demanding equal rights and an end to sexual harassment turned violent when crowds of men heckled and shoved the demonstrators, telling them to go home where they belong.
    (AP, 3/8/11)

2011        Mar 9, In Egypt attackers, said to be pro-Mubarak thugs, armed with knives and machetes waded into hundreds of pro-democracy activists in Cairo's Tahrir Square, as insecurity raged. Military authorities detained women in Tahrir Square and forced 18 of them to undergo “virginity tests."
    (AFP, 3/9/11)(SFC, 6/1/11, p.A6)(SFC, 6/28/11, p.A2)

2011        Mar 11, Egyptian officials said 4 top security officials have been jailed for ordering police to shoot and kill protesters during the country’s 18-day uprising.
    (SFC, 3/12/11, p.A3)

2011        Mar 14, In Egypt young militants who spearheaded the pro-democracy revolution called for a "no" vote in next weekend's referendum on constitutional reform. They called for a new constitution and an extension of the transitional period with the formation of a presidential council.
    (AFP, 3/14/11)

2011        Mar 15, Egypt's interior minister dissolved the country's widely hated state security agency.
    (AP, 3/15/11)

2011        Mar 18, In Egypt pro-democracy activists flocked to Cairo's iconic Tahrir Square for a new protest to urge a "no" vote in a weekend referendum on the military's plans for the future after Hosni Mubarak's ouster.
    (AFP, 3/18/11)

2011        Mar 19, Egyptians lined up by the hundreds to vote on constitutional amendments sponsored by the ruling military. Voters overwhelmingly approved changes in the constitution, opening the way for parliamentary and presidential elections within months. Over 14 million voted yes  versus some 4 million voting no. The turnout was about 41% of eligible voters.
    (AP, 3/19/11)(AP, 3/21/11)(Econ, 3/26/11, p.55)

2011        Mar 20, In Egypt 3 men kidnapped and raped a woman (24) after stopping a vehicle at gun point. She was driving with a male relative. In April a military court in Ismailiya ordered the execution of the three men who were convicted of the kidnapping and rape. In Qena province Muslim vigilantes arrested Anwar Mitri (45), a school administrator and Coptic Christian, for renting a flat to a woman they claimed was a prostitute and for allegedly having sex with her. Mitri was tried and had his ear lopped off. 
    (AFP, 4/11/11)(Econ, 4/2/11, p.21)

2011        Mar 21, The European Union froze the assets of ousted Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak and 18 people in his inner circle.
    (AFP, 3/21/11)

2011        Mar 22, In Egypt the Interior Ministry in Cairo was set on fire during a protest by police officers demanding more pay and better working conditions. The fire largely gutted one wing of the 7-story building.
    (SFC, 3/23/11, p.A2)

2011        Mar 23, Egypt's stock market plunged almost 9 percent, with foreign investors leading a sell-off in the market's first session in nearly two months following a shutdown linked to the mass protests that toppled former President Hosni Mubarak. The military government handed down new constitutional rules easing curbs that choked political life under Mubarak, opening the door for the formation of new parties that will compete in elections this year.
    (AP, 3/23/11)(Reuters, 3/24/11)(SFC, 3/24/11, p.A2)
2011        Mar 23, Amnesty International condemned the "shocking" treatment of 18 women protesters in Egypt after serious allegations that the army subjected them to torture and forced "virginity tests."
    (AFP, 3/23/11)

2011        Mar 28, Egypt's Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF), a group of 24 senior officers, said on its website that ousted president Hosni Mubarak and his family are under house arrest, denying that the former leader had fled to Saudi Arabia. Members of an ultraconservative Muslim sect clashed with villagers south of Cairo over demands that a liquor store and coffee shops be closed a sign of the increasing assertiveness of the fundamentalist Salafi movement.
    (AFP, 3/28/11)(AP, 3/29/11)(Econ, 10/8/11, p.59)

2011        Mar 30, Egypt's military rulers issued an interim constitution under which the transitional administration will run the country until elections allow power to be returned to an elected government. The military rulers said that the country's first presidential elections since the ouster of longtime ruler Hosni Mubarak will be held by November.
    (AP, 3/30/11)

2011        Apr 1, In Egypt thousands of people filled Tahrir Square to call for Egypt's military government to harshly punish members of ex-President Hosni Mubarak's former administration.
    (AP, 4/1/11)

2011        Apr 3, In Egypt gunmen abducted Zeina Effat Sadat (12) the grandniece of the late leader Anwar Sadat, in the upscale Cairo suburb of Heliopolis. They released her nearly 24 hours later for 5 million pounds (about $840,000) in ransom on the desert road from Cairo to the Mediterranean city of Alexandria. Police on April 4 arrested six men for their alleged part in the kidnapping. A briefcase with 2 million pounds (about $340,000) was found on the men.
    (AP, 4/4/11)

2011        Apr 4, Egypt's foreign minister said Cairo is ready to re-establish diplomatic ties with Tehran after a break of more than 30 years signaling a shift in Iran policy since the fall of President Hosni Mubarak.
    (Reuters, 4/4/11)

2011        Apr 6, In Egypt authorities arrested Mohammed Ibrahim Suleiman, the former housing minister (1993-2006), on suspicion he was involved in the illegal sale of state lands for cut-rate prices. Suleiman's successor, Ahmed Maghrabi, was also being investigated.
    (AP, 4/6/11)

2011        Apr 8, In Egypt tens of thousands waved flags and shouted slogans in Cairo's central Tahrir Square, demanding that Hosni Mubarak and his family be put on trial over allegations of corruption in one of the biggest protests since Mubarak was ousted two months ago.
    (AP, 4/8/11)

2011        Apr 9, Egypt’s military stormed Tahrir Square to disperse some 2000 protesters. At least one demonstrator was shot dead and 71 others injured.
    (SSFC, 4/10/11, p.A7)

2011        Apr 10, In Egypt more than 1,000 protesters ignored an army order to leave Cairo's main square, extending into a third day their calls for a quick move to civilian rule and a deeper purge of corrupt officials.
    (AP, 4/10/11)

2011        Apr 11, In Egypt A few hundred protesters defied an army demand to quit Cairo's Tahrir Square, vowing to stay until the ruling military council heeds their demand for civilian rule and a deeper purge of corrupt officials. A military court jailed blogger Maikel Nabil Sanad (26) to three years in prison for criticizing the armed forces. Safwat al-Sherif, head of Egypt's former ruling party and a longtime stalwart of the regime of ousted Pres. Mubarak, was detained on charges of corruption.
    (Reuters, 4/11/11)(AFP, 4/11/11)(AFP, 4/12/11)(SFC, 4/12/11, p.A2)

2011        Apr 12, Egypt’s former Pres. Mubarek was hospitalized after suffering an alleged heart attack. State media indicated the hospital visit may have been a ploy to escape legal problems.
    (SFC, 4/13/11, p.A3)

2011        Apr 13, Egypt's ousted President Hosni Mubarak was put under detention in his hospital room for investigation on accusations of corruption, abuse of power and killings of protesters. His sons Alaa and Gamal were taken to Tora Prison outside Cairo.
    (AP, 4/13/11)(SFC, 4/14/11, p.A3)

2011        Apr 15, Egypt's top prosecutor ordered deposed President Hosni Mubarak to be moved from a hospital at a Red Sea resort to a military hospital for questioning about the deaths of protesters and allegations of corruption and abuse of power.
    (AP, 4/15/11)

2011        Apr 16, An Egyptian court ordered the dissolving of the country's former ruling party and the confiscation of its assets, meeting a major demand of the protest movement that ousted President Hosni Mubarak.
    (AP, 4/16/11)

2011        Apr 17, Egypt put two former top ministers on trial, widening a crackdown on graft as the ruling generals seek to show their seriousness about ending the corruption that led to President Hosni Mubarak's ouster.
    (Reuters, 4/17/11)

2011        Apr 19, An Egyptian government fact-finding mission said at least 846 people were killed and over 6,400 injured during the popular uprising that toppled longtime president Hosni Mubarak.
    (AP, 4/19/11)

2011        Apr 22, In southern Egypt tens of thousands, led by hard-line Islamists, protested the appointment of a Coptic Christian governor in Qena province.
    (AP, 4/22/11)

2011        Apr 25, Egypt's premier suspended Emad Mikhail, a Christian governor linked to the ousted Mubarak regime, after his appointment sparked protests in restive Qena province.
    (AFP, 4/25/11)

2011        Apr 27, In Egypt masked gunmen blew up a natural gas terminal near the border with Israel, sending flames shooting into the air in the early hours of the morning and forcing the shutdown of the country's gas export pipeline to Israel and Jordan. Suspicion immediately fell on Sinai Bedouins angered by what they see as the neglect of their areas by the central government or Muslim militants opposed to the export of natural gas to Israel.
    (AP, 4/27/11)

2011        Apr 28, Egypt's new foreign minister, Nabil al-Araby, said that the closure of the key Rafah border crossing with the Palestinian Gaza Strip was about to end, calling the decision to close the crossing "a disgusting matter" in an interview with Al-Jazeera.
    (AP, 4/29/11)

2011        Apr 29, An Egyptian soldier of the border guard unit was killed in an exchange of gunfire with tunnel smugglers near the border with Gaza.
    (AFP, 4/29/11)
2011        Apr 29, In Egypt at least 20 people drowned in the Nile while on a trip to visit the grave of a relative. 5 people were also missing after a minibus hired for the traditional graveyard visit slipped from the ferry that carried it across the river in Beni Suef province.
    (Reuters, 4/30/11)

2011        Apr 30, Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood, the country's best organized movement, announced the formation of a party to contest up to half of parliament's seats in a September election.
    (AFP, 4/30/11)

2011        May 2, The Swiss government said it has identified potential assets belonging to Libya’s Moammar Khadafy and his entourage amounting to $415 million. Assets of $473 million were also found linked to Egypt’s Hosni Mubarak and $69 million to Tunisia’s Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali.
    (SFC, 5/3/11, p.AA2)

2011        May 4, In Egypt hundreds of diehard supporters of ousted president Hosni Mubarak clashed with his foes in central Cairo leaving dozens injured.
    (AFP, 5/5/11)
2011        May 4, Rival Palestinian factions Fatah and Hamas proclaimed a landmark, Egyptian-mediated reconciliation pact signed in Cairo aimed at ending their bitter four-year rift. Hamas chief Khaled Meshaal said that his Islamist movement would work to achieve the "Palestinian national goal" of a sovereign state on the Gaza Strip and West Bank. Gaza's Hamas rulers executed a man convicted of collaborating with Israel. His execution was the 11th in Gaza since Hamas violently wrested control of the territory in June 2007.
    (AP, 5/4/11)(AFP, 5/4/11)(AP, 5/5/11)(Econ, 5/7/11, p.51)

2011        May 5, In Egypt former President Hosni Mubarak's top security official was convicted of corruption and money laundering and sentenced to 12 years in prison.
    (AP, 5/5/11)

2011        May 7, In Egypt 13 people died in clashes in a Cairo suburb sparked by unconfirmed suspicions that Christians had abducted a woman who converted to Islam. On May 9 authorities said they have arrested the "mastermind" behind the sectarian violence.
    (Reuters, 5/8/11)(AFP, 5/10/11)(SFC, 5/10/11, p.A2)

2011        May 8, Egypt's army said that 190 people would be tried in military courts over sectarian violence a day earlier that left 13 people dead.
    (Reuters, 5/8/11)(SFC, 5/10/11, p.A2)

2011        May 9, Egyptian authorities detained 23 more people in connection with recent clashes between Muslims and Christians, including two people suspected of sparking riots over the weekend that left a Cairo church torched and 13 people dead. Hundreds of Christians continued their sit-in outside Egypt's state TV building, saying they fear an Islamic state is in the making.
    (AP, 5/9/11)(SFC, 5/10/11, p.A2)

2011        May 10, An Egyptian court convicted the country's ex-tourism minister of corruption and sentenced him to five years in prison, making him the second high-ranking official to be found guilty since President Hosni Mubarak's ouster.
    (AP, 5/10/11)

2011        May 12, In Egypt Abeer Fakhri , a Christian woman whose affair with a Muslim sparked deadly sectarian clashes, was detained and faced charges that included polygamy.
    (AP, 5/13/11)

2011        May 13, Egyptian authorities on ordered the detention of Suzanne Mubarak, wife of deposed President Hosni Mubarak. Thousands of Egyptians took to the streets to push their military rulers to do more to help Palestinians.
    (AP, 5/13/11)(Reuters, 5/13/11)

2011        May 14, In Egypt Bothaina Kamel (48) a political activist, TV presenter and a candidate for president, was hauled in for questioning because of her outspoken criticism of the nation's military rulers and said she is facing allegations of slandering a top official and the military. Clashes between Muslims and Christians in the center of Cairo left 51 people wounded, as Coptic Christians pursued a sit-in protest against the violence.
    (AP, 5/14/11)(AFP, 5/15/11)

2011        May 15, Egyptian Foreign Minister Nabil al-Araby was elected the new secretary-general of the Arab League.
    (SFC, 5/16/11, p.A2)
2011        May 15, Egypt's Pope Shenouda, head of the Orthodox Coptic church, called on Christians to abandon a demonstration against attacks on their community after a clash overnight left 78 wounded.
    (Reuters, 5/16/11)

2011        May 16, Egyptian riot police fired tear gas and live ammunition overnight to disperse thousands of pro-Palestinian protesters outside the Israeli Embassy in Cairo, and a security official said that at least 185 demonstrators were arrested over allegations of attacking police and vandalism.
    (AP, 5/16/11)
2011        May 16, An Egyptian military court sentenced the 17-year-old and three other men to be hanged for kidnapping and raping a young woman.
    (Reuters, 5/18/11)

2011        May 17, Egypt's Justice Ministry ordered the wife of former president Hosni Mubarak released from custody without bail. Suzanne Mubarak was released after handing over her assets to the state, as her husband pledged to do the same in a bid to secure an amnesty.
    (AP, 5/17/11)(AFP, 5/17/11)

2011        May 18, Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood said the party it formed to contest elections has chosen a Christian intellectual as vice president and numbers almost 100 Coptic Christians among its founding members.
    (AFP, 5/18/11)

2011        May 19, Amnesty International said Egyptian authorities continue to restrict freedom of assembly, torture detainees and try civilians in military courts, highlighting the urgent need for reform.
    (AP, 5/19/11)

2011        May 22, An Egyptian court condemned a policeman to death for killing 20 protesters, in the first such sentencing of a security forces member for the murder of demonstrators during a January-February revolt.
    (AFP, 5/22/11)

2011        May 24, Egypt’s ousted leader Hosni Mubarak and his two sons were referred to a criminal court on suspicion of graft and ordering deadly fire against anti-government protesters.
    (AFP, 5/24/11)
2011        May 24, World Bank Pres. Robert Zoellick said it will provide up to $6 billion to Egypt and Tunisia to help them modernize their economies as they undertake democratic reforms after the ouster of their longtime presidents.
    (AP, 5/24/11)

2011        May 25, Egypt decided to end its blockade of Gaza by opening the only crossing to the Hamas-ruled Palestinian territory on May 28, easing the isolation of 1.4 million Palestinians there.
    (AP, 5/25/11)

2011        May 26, In Egypt a Cairo criminal court sentenced former housing minister Ahmed al-Maghrabi to five years in prison on corruption charges and fined him over an illegal land deal.
    (AFP, 5/26/11)(Reuters, 5/26/11)

2011        May 27, In Egypt thousands of protesters returned to downtown Cairo's Tahrir Square for what they called a "second revolution," calling for Egypt's military rulers to speed up the pace of democratic reforms in a country that is still charting its political future.
    (AP, 5/27/11)
2011        May 27, Pres. Obama and other G8 leaders wrapped up a 2-day summit in France and announced plans for a $40 billion in aid to support democracy in Egypt, Tunisia and the rest of North Africa.
    (SFC, 5/28/11, p.A3)

2011        May 28, An Egyptian administrative court fined ousted President Hosni Mubarak and two former officials 540 million Egyptian pounds ($91 million) for cutting off mobile and internet services during protests in January. Egypt charged former Information Minister Anas el-Fekky with "deliberately causing financial harm" to the state-run Radio and Television Union.
    (Reuters, 5/28/11)
2011        May 28, Egypt lifted a four-year-old blockade on the Gaza Strip's main link to the outside world, bringing relief to the crowded territory's 1.5 million Palestinians but deepening a rift with Israel since the ouster of President Hosni Mubarak earlier this year.
    (AP, 5/28/11)

2011        May 31, Egypt’s transitional government imposed a quote of no more than 400 passengers a day for crossing into Egypt at Rafah. A blacklist of 5,000 Gazans, who would not be allowed to cross, was reinstated.
    (Econ, 6/4/11, p.58)
2011        May 31, Mahmoud Abdel Salam Omar (74), former chairman of Egypt's Bank of Alexandria, was arrested in NYC for allegedly assaulting a hotel maid the previous evening. On June 24 Omar pleaded guilty to a misdemeanor sexual abuse charge, acknowledging he kissed the woman on the lips and neck and touched her breasts after she brought tissues to his room at the posh Pierre hotel. He completed five days of community service in a soup kitchen, and his case will be closed without jail time or probation if he stays out of trouble for a year.
    (AP, 5/31/11)(http://tinyurl.com/3mjbkkf)(AP, 6/24/11)

2011        Jun 4, An Egyptian court convicted former finance minister Youssef Boutros-Ghali in absentia and sentenced him to 30 years in prison for profiteering and abusing state and private assets. Egypt's public prosecutor referred 48 people to trial for their involvement in deadly Muslim-Christian clashes last month. Hundreds of angry protesters pelted a Cairo police station overnight and torched an armored vehicle. Police fired tear gas to disperse the crowd. Officials said they're investigating the death of bus driver Mohammed Nasr, who was beaten following a fight with a police officer. A truck driver drove through a checkpoint in the northern Sinai city of el-Arish, killing three soldiers and badly injuring a fourth as they slept in their tent.
    (Reuters, 6/4/11)(AFP, 6/4/11)(AP, 6/4/11)
2011        Jun 4, Egypt shut its border crossing with Gaza for the first time since opening it on a routine basis last month. Angry Palestinians stormed the gates in protest. An Egyptian security source said the terminal was shut for maintenance and may reopen in a day.
    (Reuters, 6/4/11)

2011        Jun 5, The International Monetary Fund (IMF) agreed a $3 billion financing deal with Egypt and praised the policies of an interim government struggling to stabilize the economy after the popular uprising.
    (Reuters, 6/5/11)

2011        Jun 12, In Egypt Ilan Grapel, an Israeli legal aid worker, was arrested in Cairo on suspicion of spying. In October Israel’s government announced plans for his release in exchange for 25 Egyptian prisoners. The exchange took place on Oct 27.
    (SFC, 10/25/11, p.A2)(SFC, 10/28/11, p.A4)

2011        Jun 13, Egypt’s military told human rights advocates that at least 7,000 civilians have been sentenced to prison terms by military courts since the ouster of Pres. Hosni Mubarek.
    (SFC, 6/14/11, p.A2)

2011        Jun 16, Spain’s National Police arrested Hussein Salem, an Egyptian associate of ousted president Hosni Mubarak, in Mallorca. Police the next day said he had obtained money illegally in Egypt and sent it to accounts in Spain held by his family. Spain froze euro33 million ($47 million) in accounts held by Salem, who is also wanted back home.
    (AP, 6/17/11)

2011        Jun 22, In Egypt unidentified assailants have killed two policemen and wounded another two when they opened fire on their patrol in northern Sinai.
    (AP, 6/22/11)

2011        Jun 23, An Egyptian state security court sentenced Tareq Hassan, an Egyptian businessman, to 25 years in prison for spying for Israel. Two Israeli citizens were also sentenced in absentia to 25 years in jail.
    (AP, 6/23/11)

2011        Jun 25, Egypt’s Finance Minister Samir Radwan said Egypt said it will not borrow from the World Bank and International Monetary Fund after revising its budget and cutting the forecast deficit, even though a loan had been agreed.
    (Reuters, 6/25/11)
2011        Jun 25, An Egyptian court sentenced Rachid Mohammed Rachid, the country's former industry and commerce minister, to five years in prison. Rachid, who was convicted in absentia of embezzling public funds, fled Cairo after the uprising that forced Mubarak from power.
    (AP, 6/25/11)

2011        Jun 26, In Egypt hundreds of protesters angry with the delays in the trial of ex-interior minister Habib Adly clashed with anti-riot police outside the courtroom.
    (AFP, 6/26/11)

2011        Jun 28, An Egyptian court ordered the dissolution of more than 1,750 municipal councils, seen as one of the last vestiges of Hosni Mubarak's rule. Security forces clashed with some 5,000 protesters in Cairo’s Tahrir Square. Protesters demanded that the country's military rulers speed up the prosecution of security officers responsible for February protester deaths.
    (AP, 6/28/11)(SFC, 6/28/11, p.A2)

2011        Jun 29, Egyptian security forces clashed with hundreds of youths for a second day in Cairo over demands that the country's military rulers speed up the prosecution of police officers accused of brutality during mass protests that forced Hosni Mubarak to step down.
    (AP, 6/29/11)

2011        Jul 1, In Egypt hundreds rallied in Cairo's landmark Tahrir Square demanding speedy trials for former regime figures and policemen accused of killing protesters during the 18-day revolt earlier this year.
    (AP, 7/1/11)

2011        Jul 3, In Egypt the trial began of 48 people accused of involvement in deadly Muslim-Christian clashes on May 7 that left 12 people dead. Police and soldiers arrested around 50 people from the shanty town of Ezbet Abu Qarn in a drugs raid.
    (AFP, 7/3/11)(AFP, 7/5/11)
2011        Jul 3, Egypt's Nabil al-Arabi formally replaced his compatriot Amr Mussa as secretary general of the Arab League.
    (AFP, 7/3/11)

2011        Jul 4, In Egypt saboteurs bombed a gas pipeline in the Sinai peninsula, sending flames into the sky and cutting supplies to Israel and Jordan. 7 policemen charged with killing protesters were ordered released on bail. Angry families stormed a station where the suspects from Ezbet Abu Qarn were being held, triggering clashes with security forces in which an 18-year-old boy was killed.
    (AFP, 7/4/11)(AP, 7/5/11)(AFP, 7/5/11)

2011        Jul 5, An Egyptian court acquitted three Hosni Mubarak-era ministers of corruption charges while finding a fourth guilty in absentia. Judge Mohammed Fathi Sadek found not guilty Ahmed Maghrabi, Yousef Boutros-Ghali and Anas el-Fiqqi, former ministers of housing, finance and information, respectively. The court found former Trade Minister Rachid Mohammed Rachid and two businessmen guilty of squandering public funds and profiteering. Rachid and one of the businessmen were sentenced in absentia to five years in prison.
    (AP, 7/5/11)
2011        Jul 5, The EU announced action against Egyptian bean and seed imports, after tests indicated that a 15-ton batch of Egyptian fenugreek seeds imported in 2009 to Germany and then distributed elsewhere was at the root of an E.coli outbreak that killed 50 people.
    (AFP, 7/14/11)

2011        Jul 6, In Egypt hundreds of protesters pelted the security headquarters in the city of Suez with rocks, angered by a court's decision to uphold the release of seven policemen facing trials for allegedly killing 17 protesters in Suez during Egypt's uprising. In a bid to defuse rising anger, the Interior Ministry announced that hundreds of high-ranking police officers will be sacked for their role in the harsh crackdown.
    (AP, 7/6/11)

2011        Jul 8, Egyptians held one of their biggest protests in months as tens of thousands took to the streets in Cairo and other cities to demand justice for victims of Hosni Mubarak's regime and press the country's new military rulers for a clear plan on transition to democracy.
    (AP, 7/8/11)

2011        Jul 9, Prosecutor in Egypt's second city Alexandria ordered the arrest of 12 police officers accused of torturing to death Sayed Belal, a Salafi fundamentalist and suspect in a deadly New Year's church attack. PM Essam Sharaf pledged to meet the demands of protesters with a series of measures. Sharaf soon called for Interior Minister Mansour el-Issawi to fire 400 police officers accused of killing protesters. El-Issawi balked saying firing them would be illegal.
    (AFP, 7/9/11)(AFP, 7/10/11)(SFC, 7/12/11, p.A3)

2011        Jul 10, In Egypt protesters camped out at a central Cairo square blocked access to the Egyptian capital's largest government building and threatened to lay siege to the nearby Interior Ministry and state TV building if their demands are not met. The protesters demanded justice for the nearly 900 protesters killed by security forces during the 18-day uprising that toppled longtime leader Hosni Mubarak in February.
    (AP, 7/10/11)

2011        Jul 12, Egypt's ruling military council insisted that it will not cede control over the transition from ousted president Hosni Mubarak's regime amid mounting anger over its handling of it. Anti-government protesters said about 30 assailants carrying knives and sticks stormed their tent camp in Cairo's central square, injuring six people. The official MENA news  reported that saboteurs have bombed a gas pipeline in the Sinai peninsula for the fourth time since February, cutting supplies to Israel and Jordan.
    (AP, 7/12/11)(AFP, 7/12/11)

2011        Jul 13, Egypt’s transitional military government announced the early retirement of 600 senior police officers in an effort to mollify protesters. 54 lower ranking officers were shifted to jobs where they no longer interact with civilians.
    (SFC, 7/14/11, p.A2)

2011        Jul 14, Switzerland suspended imports of some seeds, beans and sprouts from Egypt, after the EU blamed Egyptian fenugreek seeds for E.coli outbreaks in Germany and France. The temporary ban would expire in October 31, 2011, in line with the EU's suspension.
    (AFP, 7/14/11)

2011        Jul 15, In Egypt thousands of protesters rallied across the country, capping a week of nationwide sit-ins to demand political change as anger grows with the military rulers over the slow pace of reform.
    (AFP, 7/15/11)

2011        Jul 17, Egypt's PM Essam Sharaf named 12 new Cabinet members in a reshuffle under pressure from protesters demanding a purge of remnants of the former regime.
    (AP, 7/17/11)

2011        Jul 19, Egypt's interior minister ordered 54 police officers, on trial for killing protesters, be transferred to desk jobs in the ministry.
    (AFP, 7/19/11)

2011        Jul 20, In Egypt Maj. Gen. Mamdouh Shaheen presented a new law barring foreign monitors for upcoming parliamentary elections. He said Egyptian election monitors will observe the process instead.
    (AP, 7/20/11)

2011        Jul 23, In Egypt groups of men armed with knives and sticks attacked thousands of protesters trying to march to the headquarters of the military rulers, setting off fierce street clashes and leaving more than 300 injured. The identity of the pro-army vigilantes could not immediately be determined.
    (AP, 7/23/11)(Econ, 7/30/11, p.41)

2011        Jul 29, In Egypt tens of thousands of people filled Cairo's central Tahrir Square for a rally that turned into a show of force for ultraconservative Salafi Muslims and other Islamists in their growing rift with liberal activists. 150 men in trucks and on motorbikes rampaged through El-Arish, firing assault rifles in the air, driving terrified residents into their homes. 3 civilians, an army officer and a police officer were killed in clashes that followed, and 19 people wounded. Armed forces arrested 12 men, including 3 Palestinians, suspected of involvement in the attack.
    (AP, 7/29/11)(AFP, 7/30/11)

2011        Jul 30, In Egypt unidentified gunmen attacked a terminal on the gas pipeline to Israel for the fifth time since February.
    (AFP, 7/30/11)

2011        Aug 5, Egyptian army troops wielding batons and firing in the air dispersed dozens of activists holding a traditional Ramadan meal in Cairo's central Tahrir square.
    (AP, 8/6/11)

2011        Aug 7, In Egypt a Coptic Christian was killed and four Muslims were wounded in clashes in the southern province of Minya after clashes triggered by a road accident.
    (AFP, 8/8/11)

2011        Aug 9, Dozens of Egyptians angered by the absence of police protection in their town set fire to a police station In Garga after looting its armory and freeing jailed inmates. The crowd stormed the police station in protest at what they said was the police's failure to protect them from attacks from a neighboring village. The trouble between Garga and the neighboring village of Nagaa Uweis began Aug 7 after a fight between two drivers, one from Garga and the other from Nagaa Uweis, escalated into a gunfight.
    (AFP, 8/9/11)

2011        Aug 12, In Egypt hundreds of protesters rallied in Cairo's Tahrir Square, briefly scuffling with riot police and defying the military rulers who are eager to prevent any demonstrations in the iconic square since forcefully clearing a weekslong sit-in by youth activists last week.
    (AP, 8/12/11)

2011        Aug 13, Egypt's largest political group, the Muslim Brotherhood, warned the country's military rulers not to interfere in the writing of a new constitution.
    (AP, 8/13/11)

2011        Aug 15, Egyptian troops, backed by armored vehicles, carried out five raids in el-Arish, the provincial capital of North Sinai. In one location, they clashed with gunmen, killing one. Ten suspects and six wanted criminals were also arrested. A Cairo judge stopped live TV broadcasts of former Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak's trial.
    (AP, 8/15/11)

2011        Aug 17, An Egyptian military tribunal sentenced two young activists to 6-months in prison after convicting them of insulting the army.
    (SFC, 8/18/11, p.A2)

2011        Aug 18, In southern Israel assailants armed with heavy weapons, guns and explosives launched three attacks in quick succession near the border with Egypt's Sinai Peninsula, killing 8 people and wounding about a dozen more. Israeli security forces tracked down some of the assailants and are engaged in an ongoing gunbattle with them. 3 Egyptian security personnel died as a result of the gunbattles. 2 more died from wounds the next day. A 6th died from wounds in September. Israel responded hours after the border attack with an airstrike in Gaza that killed five members of the Palestinian group that Israel said was behind it, an organization known as the Popular Resistance Committees. The dead included the group's leader.
    (AP, 8/18/11)(AP, 8/19/11)(AFP, 9/11/11)

2011        Aug 20, Egypt said it would recall its ambassador from Israel to protest the deaths of at least 3 Egyptian troops killed in a shootout between Israeli soldiers and Palestinian militants.
    (AP, 8/20/11)

2011        Aug 27, National carrier Egyptair resumed direct flights to Iraq after a break of 21 years.
    (AFP, 8/27/11)

2011        Sep 3, Witnesses said Egypt's military has started to close smuggling tunnels to Gaza, amid Israeli warnings of plans by Gazan militants to attack the Jewish state through Egyptian territory.
    (AFP, 9/3/11)

2011        Sep 6, Egyptian football fans clashed with police in a Cairo stadium, injuring nearly 80 people, after they chanted slogans against ousted president Hosni Mubarak and torched dozens of cars.
    (AFP, 9/6/11)

2011        Sep 7, Egypt's military rulers froze new licenses for private satellite TV stations, in a restriction that activists say harkens back to the crackdown on freedom of expression under ousted President Hosni Mubarak.
    (AP, 9/8/11)

2011        Sep 9, In Egypt thousands demonstrated in Cairo's Tahrir Square against the pace of reform under the country's military rulers. Smaller crowds demonstrated in other Egyptian cities. Hundreds of protesters tore down a concrete security wall that authorities had recently erected outside the Israel embassy building. Young men battered the wall with sledgehammers, ripping off chunks with their bare hands. Protesters were able to get to the top of the building and pull down the Israeli flag, which they replaced with the Egyptian flag.
    (AP, 9/9/11)(AP, 9/10/11)

2011        Sep 10, Israel’s ambassador to Egypt and the entire embassy staff except for one deputy ambassador were evacuated along with their families in the face of the overnight rampage at the Nile-side embassy in Cairo. The Health Ministry said three people were killed and more than 1,000 people hurt during the street clashes between the protesters and police outside the embassy.
    (AP, 9/10/11)

2011        Sep 11, Egypt's vice president reached out to the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood and other opposition groups as part of a new offer of sweeping concessions including press freedom and an eventual end to hated emergency laws.
    (AP, 9/11/11)

2011        Sep 15, In Egypt steel magnate Ahmed Ezz, once a leading figure in the former ruling party, was sentenced along with former government official Amr Assal. The two were fined a total of $110 million dollars. Former Trade Minister Rachid Mohammed Rachid, who remains at large, was sentenced to 15 years in jail and ordered to pay a 237 million dollar fine for approving production licenses to Ezz without auctioning them publicly first.
    (AP, 9/15/11)

2011        Sep 18, Egyptian businessman and former Tourism Minister Zohair Garanah was sentenced to three years in prison after being convicted of corruption. He was already serving a five-year jail term for allowing investors to illegally acquire state land. His first sentence was passed by a Cairo court on May 10.
    (AP, 9/18/11)

2011        Sep 19, Egypt barred formation of a new political party by al-Gamaa al-Islamiyya, an Islamist group that was once involved in a bloody insurgency, because its proposed party is based on "religious grounds in violation of the law."
    (AP, 9/19/11)

2011        Sep 27, In Egypt assailants in two pickup trucks struck a pumping station on a gas pipeline to Israel about 15 miles (25 km) west of the region's main city of el-Arish before, causing a loud explosion and fire.
    (AP, 9/27/11)

2011        Sep 28, An Egyptian court convicted Anas al-Fiqqi, former Pres. Mubarak's powerful information minister, on corruption charges and sentenced him to seven years in prison.
    (AP, 9/28/11)

2011        Sep 29, Egyptian security officials raided the Cairo office of Al Jazeera, roughing up staff and confiscating equipment. This was the second raid this month by authorities complaining the station is operating without permits.
    (AP, 9/29/11)

2011        Sep 30, In Egypt several thousand protesters demanded the country's military rulers put an end to emergency laws dating back to the rule of ousted President Hosni Mubarak. A church was burned down in Merinab village after Aswan provincial governor Mustafa al-Seyyed was reported as saying Copts had built it without the required planning permission.
    (AP, 9/30/11)(AFP, 10/4/11)

2011        Oct 4, Egyptian protesters also demanded the release of blogger Michael Nabil (26), who was sentenced to three years' hard labor in April by a military court for having "insulted" the army in his writings. The blogger was on the 43rd day of a hunger strike, after his appeal hearing was adjourned to October 11.
    (AFP, 10/4/11)

2011        Oct 5, Three Egyptian columnists withheld their regular commentaries in an independent daily to protest what they said was censorship by the country's military rulers.
    (AP, 10/5/11)

2011        Oct 9, In Egypt some 1,000 Christian protesters tried to stage a peaceful sit-in outside the state television building along the Nile in downtown Cairo. The protesters said they were attacked by "thugs" with sticks and the violence then spiraled out of control after a speeding military vehicle jumped up onto a sidewalk and rammed into some of the Christians. 27 people were killed including at least 3 soldiers. Wael Mikhael, a cameraman working for a Coptic Christian broadcaster, was among those killed. On Oct 25 the New-York based Human Rights Watch called for an independent investigation of the deaths and urged authorities to transfer investigation of the case from military to civilian prosecutors.
    (AP, 10/10/11)(AP, 10/13/11)(AP, 10/25/11)

2011        Oct 10, In Egypt small skirmishes broke out again in Cairo outside the Coptic hospital where many of the Christian victims were taken the night before. Several hundred Christians pelted police with rocks as the screams of grieving women rang out from inside the hospital.
    (AP, 10/10/11)

2011        Oct 11, Egypt's finance minister and deputy prime minister resigned in protest over the government's handling of deadly weekend protests that left 27 dead, most of them Coptic Christians. Some 20,000 mourners chanted slogans denouncing the ruling military during a funeral procession overnight for 17 Christians killed in the Cairo protest.
    (AP, 10/11/11)(AP, 10/25/11)
2011        Oct 11, Israel and Hamas announced that Sgt. Gilad Shalit, an Israeli soldier abducted to Gaza five years ago, would be swapped for about 1,000 Palestinians held by Israel and accused of militant activity. The next morning the Israeli Cabinet endorsed the Egyptian-brokered deal in a 26-3 vote. Shalit was expected to return via Egypt by Oct 19.
    (AP, 10/11/11)(AP, 10/12/11)(AFP, 10/13/11)

2011        Oct 15, Egypt’s transitional military rulers issued a decree prohibiting all forms of discrimination including on the basis of religion.
    (SSFC, 10/16/11, p.A4)
2011        Oct 15, Egypt's Gamaa Islamiya, or Islamic Group, posted on its website a notice mourning the death in Afghanistan of Ahmed Abdel Rahman, the son of the "Blind Sheik" now serving a life sentence in the US for his involvement in a plot to blow up NYC landmarks.
    (AP, 10/15/11)

2011        Oct 16, The Arab League called an emergency meeting in Cairo to discuss whether to suspend Syria. The Arab League said that it would make contact with the Damascus government and a raft of opposition groups with the aim of launching "national dialogue within the seat of the Arab League and under its guidance within 15 days." Security forces opened fire on a funeral for a slain activist in the east. Security forces arrested at least 44 people in the capital's suburbs in house-to-house raids. The Observatory for Human Rights in Syria said 923 people from Homs have been arrested in the past week.
    (AP, 10/16/11)(AFP, 10/17/11)

2011        Oct 17, A senior Egyptian Justice Ministry official said that the two sons of ousted President Hosni Mubarak have an estimated $340 million in Swiss bank accounts.
    (AP, 10/17/11)

2011        Oct 18, An Egyptian court ordered blogger Maikel Nabil Sanad, who is serving a three-year sentence for insulting the armed forces, confined to a psychiatric clinic for 45 days after he began a hunger strike.
    (AFP, 10/31/11)

2011        Oct 21, Egyptian political talk show host Yosri Fouda suspended his “The Final Word" program indefinitely to protest efforts by the military rulers to stifle free expression.
    (SFC, 10/22/11, p.A2)

2011        Oct 22, Egypt's judicial union called on judges to refrain from showing up to court until they receive protection from authorities after what they say are assaults by lawyers. The call came amid increasing tension between judges and lawyers over a bill written by the Judges Club that would toughen penalties on lawyers in cases of contempt of court.
    (AFP, 10/22/11)
2011        Oct 22, Egypt’s MENA state news agency said a Cairo court has sentenced Ayman Mansour to three years in prison for postings on Facebook deemed to be inciting sectarianism and in contempt of Islam.
    (AP, 10/22/11)

2011        Oct 24, Thousands of Egyptian police launched a nationwide strike to demand better salaries and a purge of former regime officials from senior security posts.
    (AP, 10/24/11)

2011        Oct 27, Five Arab Spring activists won the European parliament's Sakharov prize awarded to campaigners for freedom. They include Mohamed Bouazizi of Tunisia, awarded posthumously, Egyptian militant Asmaa Mahfouz, Libyan dissident Ahmed al-Zubair Ahmed al-Sanusi, Syrian lawyer Razan Zeitouneh and Syrian cartoonist Ali Farzat.
    (AFP, 10/27/11)
2011        Oct 27, In Egypt Ilan Grapel (27), an Israeli held by Egypt since June 12 on espionage charges, was freed in exchange for 25 Egyptian citizens, mostly Bedouin residents of Sinai charged with smuggling.
    (SFC, 10/28/11, p.A4)

2011        Oct 28, In Egypt several thousand protesters in Cairo called on the ruling military to promptly transfer power to a civilian government and exclude old regime figures from politics. Protesters clashed with soldiers and police in Cairo after a funeral procession for a man a rights group claims died from police torture after he was caught smuggling a mobile phone chip into his cell.
    (AFP, 10/28/11)

2011        Oct 30, Egypt's ruling military jailed Alaa Abdel Fatah, a veteran dissident and blogger, on charges of inciting deadly clashes between soldiers and Christians this month.
    (AFP, 10/31/11)

2011        Oct 31, More than 3,000 Egyptians marched through downtown Cairo, protesting the military's arrest of Alaa Abdel-Fattah, a prominent blogger-activist, in the latest sign of discontent with the ruling generals' managing of the country.
    (AP, 10/31/11)

2011        Nov 2, An Egyptian government newspaper reported that the justice ministry has agreed to a constitutional amendment to allow millions of Egyptians living abroad to vote in parliamentary elections. An estimated 8 million Egyptians lived abroad, many of them in other Arab countries, out of a total population of 80 million. The ruling generals announced the pardon of 334 civilians who were sentenced in military tribunals since the uprising that toppled Pres. Mubarek.
    (AFP, 11/2/11)(SFC, 11/3/11, p.A2)
2011        Nov 2, Arab foreign ministers met anew in Cairo to step up pressure on Syria to end nearly eight months of deadly violence. Gunmen stormed a factory in Syria’s province of Homs killing 10 workers while security forces shot dead 4 civilians in several Homs neighborhoods. Damascus pledged to withdraw its forces from protest centers under a plan put forth by the Arab league. Not timetable was set.
    (AFP, 11/2/11)(AFP, 11/3/11)

2011        Nov 3, Egypt's military rulers triggered a new public outcry with a proposal that critics saw as an attempt to enshrine a supreme political role for themselves in a new constitution.
    (AP, 11/3/11)

2011        Nov 4, Farid al-Dib, lawyer for the family of Hosni Mubarak, said in a published interview that $340 million held in Swiss banks by the two sons of the ousted Egyptian president, and frozen there, are "legal profits" from consulting abroad.
    (AFP, 11/4/11)

2011        Nov 6, In Egypt 11 Hungarian tourists were killed and 27 injured when their bus overturned in the Red Sea resort of Hurghada.
    (AFP, 11/6/11)

2011        Nov 10, In Egypt 2 explosions a gas pipeline halting supplies to Israel and Jordan.
    (AP, 11/10/11)

2011        Nov 12, Egyptian police arrested Abdel-Halim Hassan Heneidi, a militant leader, in the northern Sinai town of el-Arish.
    (AP, 11/13/11)
2011        Nov 12, In Egypt Jeff Francois, a Canadian tourist, died of a gunshot wounds He was shot on Nov 9 when members of a feuding family opened fire on his car when his driver refused to stop at an illegal checkpoint in the town of al-Samata.
    (AP, 11/12/11)

2011        Nov 13, Egyptian security forces arrested Mohammed Eid Muslih Hamad, aka "El-Tihi," in the northern Sinai town of el-Arish. Officials said he was the leader of an al-Qaida-inspired group in the Sinai peninsula that was behind attacks on police and on a gas pipeline that transports fuel to Israel and Jordan.
    (AP, 11/13/11)

2011        Nov 14, Egyptian security forces arrested Abdel Karim Mohammed Ahmed and Ahmed Salem Awad of the radical Islamist Al-Takfeer wal Hijra during a sweep in the north Sinai town of El-Arish.
    (AFP, 11/14/11)

2011        Nov 17, In Egypt attackers threw rocks and broken glass at a march by Coptic Christians in Cairo, injuring 10, in the latest outbreak of sectarian violence.
    (AP, 11/17/11)

2011        Nov 18, Tens of thousands of Egyptians, dominated by the Muslim Brotherhood, rallied in Cairo's Tahrir square to protest against what they say are attempts by the country's military rulers to designate themselves as the guardians of a new Egypt. It was one of the largest rallies in Egypt in recent months.
    (AP, 11/18/11)

2011        Nov 19, Egyptian police fired rubber bullets and tear gas in clashes with protesters on as they broke up a sit-in organized by people injured during the Arab Spring, triggering a heated skirmish. Two protesters were killed.
    (AFP, 11/19/11)(SSFC, 11/20/11, p.A6)

2011        Nov 20, Egyptian riot police clashed for a second day in downtown Cairo with some five thousand rock-throwing protesters demanding that the ruling military quickly announce a date to hand over power to an elected government. Egypt's culture minister resigned in protest at the government response to demonstrations in Cairo's Tahrir Square.
    (AP, 11/20/11)(AFP, 11/21/11)

2011        Nov 21, Egyptian security forces fired tear gas and clashed with several thousand protesters in Cairo's Tahrir Square in the third straight day of violence that has turned into the most sustained challenge yet to the rule of Egypt's military. 19 more people were killed over night raising the death toll to 24 since the violence began on Nov 19. Egypt's military-appointed cabinet of civilian officials announced its resignation late in the day, but state television quoted a SCAF source as saying this was rejected by the military. 3 American students (Derrik Sweeney (19) of Georgetown University, Luke Gates (21) of Indiana University student, and Gregory Porter (19) of Drexel University student) accused of throwing firebombs, were among those arrested. They were ordered released on Nov 24.
    (AP, 11/21/11)(AFP, 11/22/11)(SFC, 11/23/11, p.A4)(AP, 11/24/11)

2011        Nov 22, In Egypt tens of thousands of protesters swarmed Cairo's Tahrir Square to demand an end to military rule, as the ruling Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) was locked in crisis talks with a number of political forces in a bid to defuse the crisis.
    (AFP, 11/22/11)

2011        Nov 23, Egyptian police clashed with anti-government protesters for a fifth day in central Cairo as a rights group raised the overall death toll from the ongoing unrest to at least 38. The UN strongly condemned what it called the use of excessive force by security forces.
    (AP, 11/23/11)

2011        Nov 24, Egypt's military rulers said that parliamentary elections will start on schedule next week despite escalating unrest and they rejected protesters' calls for them to immediately step down. A court ordered the release of 3 American university students arrested on Nov 21. Mona Eltahawy (44), a prominent Egyptian-born US columnist, was sexually assaulted by local police, who beat and blindfolded her after she was detained near Tahrir Square during clashes, leaving her left arm and right hand broken and in casts.
    (AP, 11/24/11)

2011        Nov 25, Egypt's military rulers announced that Kamal el-Ganzouri (78), a prime minister from ousted leader Hosni Mubarak's era, will head the next government. Tens of thousands of demonstrators packed Cairo's Tahrir Square after days of deadly clashes, demanding the military rulers step down and rejecting their choice of new prime minister. The Tahrir protest was countered by a rival demonstration in a square about three km (two miles) away, where more than 10,000 people gathered to show support for the military chanting "Down with Tahrir."
    (AP, 11/25/11)(AFP, 11/26/11)
2011        Nov 25, In Egypt masked gunmen blew up a gas pipeline which supplies Egyptian gas to Israel, in the eighth such attack this year.
    (AFP, 11/25/11)
2011        Nov 25, In Egypt Mona al-Gharib (25), the pregnant wife of Syrian dissident and journalist Thaer al-Nashef, was reportedly abducted in Egypt by Syrian intelligence agents.
    (AP, 11/26/11)

2011        Nov 26, Egyptian security forces clashed with protesters camped outside the Cabinet building, leaving one man dead, as tensions rose two days ahead of parliamentary elections being held despite mass demonstrations against military rule. Field Marshal Hussein Tantawi met separately with Nobel Peace laureate Mohamed ElBaradei and another presidential hopeful Amr Moussa, who was the former Arab League chief. 24 protest groups, including two political parties, have announced they are creating their own "national salvation" government to be headed by ElBaradei.
    (AP, 11/26/11)

2011        Nov 27, In Egypt thousands of protesters filled Cairo's Tahrir Square for another massive demonstration to push for the military to immediately return to their barracks in favor of a civilian presidential council.
    (AP, 11/27/11)

2011        Nov 28, Egyptians turned out in long lines at voting stations in their nation's first parliamentary elections since Hosni Mubarak's ouster, a giant step toward what they hope will be a democracy after decades of dictatorship.
    (AP, 11/28/11)

2011        Nov 29, In Egypt long lines formed at polling stations for a second day of voting and the head of the election commission, Abdel-Mooaez Ibrahim, proclaimed turnout so far had been "massive and unexpected." The voting process is staggered over the next six weeks across 27 provinces, divided into thirds with runoffs held a week after the first round in each location.
    (AP, 11/29/11)

2011        Nov, In Egypt nearly two weeks of street fighting on downtown Cairo's Mohammed Mahmoud street left 42 people dead.
    (AP, 1/19/13)

2011        Dec 3, Early results from Egypt's first post-revolution election showed Islamist parties sweeping to victory, including hardline Salafists, with secular parties trounced in many areas. Full results after the first Nov 28-29 voting, which saw 62 percent turnout, have been delayed several times.
    (AFP, 12/3/11)

2011        Dec 4, In Egypt initial election results showed that Islamist parties won 65% of all votes cast for parties in the first round of parliamentary polls. The secular liberals, who played a key part in the January-February uprising, managed just 13.4%.
    (AFP, 12/4/11)

2011        Dec 5, Egyptian voters headed to the polls for two days of runoffs in the country's first parliamentary elections since Hosni Mubarak's ouster. Islamist parties have already captured an overwhelming majority of the votes in the first round.
    (AP, 12/5/11)

2011        Dec 7, Egypt's military ruler swore-in a new government that he says will have more powers than its predecessor. Field Marshal Hussein Tantawi promised to transfer some of his ruling military council's executive powers to PM Kamal el-Ganzouri. The Freedom and Justice Party said in a statement that it won 36 of the 56 seats awarded to individual candidates in voting which concluded on Dec 6. A member of the junta said the army would have a final say over those appointed to write a new constitution next year.
    (AP, 12/7/11)(AFP, 12/8/11)

2011        Dec 8, Egypt's biggest political group the Muslim Brotherhood clashed with the country's army leaders on Thursday, accusing them of trying to "marginalize" parliament over the writing of a new constitution.
    (AFP, 12/8/11)

2011        Dec 13, Egyptian PM Kamal al-Ganzuri said that 20,103 political prisoners had been released since February when a popular uprising toppled Hosni Mubarak.
    (AFP, 12/13/11)

2011        Dec 14, Egyptians turned out in large numbers to vote in the second round of parliamentary elections that have become a stiff competition between dominant Islamist parties likely to steer the country in a more religious direction. A military court sentenced a political activist to two years in prison after convicting him of criticizing the armed forces and publishing false information. Maikel Nabil Sanad was arrested in March and sentenced to three years, but the case was appealed and sent for retrial.
    (AP, 12/14/11)

2011        Dec 15, Egyptians headed to the polls again in a phased election to choose the first post-revolution parliament, as liberals faced an uphill battle to compete with Islamist parties.
    (AFP, 12/15/11)

2011        Dec 16, Egyptian troops clashed with petrol bomb-throwing protesters against military rule in Cairo, as the worst violence in weeks overshadowed the count in the second phase of a landmark general election. Fighting raged from dawn well into the night. The clashes left at least 8 people dead.
    (AFP, 12/16/11)(AFP, 12/17/11)

2011        Dec 17, In Egypt violence raged for a second day in the administrative heart of Cairo as troops and police deployed in force. The count continued in the second stage of elections for the lower house of parliament.
    (AFP, 12/17/11)

2011        Dec 18, Egypt's military sought to isolate pro-democracy activists protesting against their rule, depicting them as conspirators and vandals, as troops and protesters clashed for a third straight day. At least 10 protesters have been killed and 441 others wounded in the three days of violence.
    (AP, 12/18/11)

2011        Dec 19, Egyptian soldiers in riot gear swept through Cairo's Tahrir Square and opened fire on protesters demanding an immediate end to military rule. The Health Ministry said at least three people were killed, bringing the death toll for four days of clashes to 14.
    (AP, 12/19/11)

2011        Dec 20, Egyptian troops and riot police raided Tahrir again in their latest attempt to evict protesters. Some 10,000 angry women marched in central Cairo to denounce the attacks on protesters and call on the ruling generals to step down. Their anger was mostly focused on the case of the woman stripped half naked and beaten. At least 14 people have been killed in five days of clashes. 
    (AP, 12/20/11)(AP, 12/21/11)

2011        Dec 21, In Egypt voting in election runoffs for the first parliament since Hosni Mubarak's ouster resumed without the long lines outside polling centers seen in previous rounds of the staggered vote.
    (AP, 12/21/11)

2011        Dec 22, Egypt's military-appointed PM Kamal el-Ganzouri called for national dialogue to resolve the country's political crisis and pleaded for a two-month calm to restore security after weeks of protests and bloodshed. Some 3,000 students from Ain Shams University in Cairo marched after a prayer service for a student killed in the recent clashes. Turnout was light in the second day of voting in run-off elections.
    (AP, 12/22/11)

2011        Dec 23, Several thousand Egyptians rallied in Cairo's central Tahrir Square to denounce violence against protesters, especially outraged by images of women protesters dragged by their hair, beaten and kicked by troops. Thousands turned out for rival protests in Cairo, exposing the widening rifts among Egyptians over the ruling military's handling of transition from Hosni Mubarak's rule.
    (AP, 12/23/11)(AFP, 12/23/11)

2011        Dec 24, In Egypt Islamist parties consolidated earlier gains in the multistage parliamentary elections, winning nearly 70 percent of the seats determined so far. The Muslim Brotherhood said it won around 86 of estimated 180 seats up for grabs in the round, or 47%.
    (AP, 12/24/11)

2011        Dec 25, An Egyptian investigative judge ordered the release today of Alaa Abdel-Fattah (30), a prominent blogger detained on Oct 30 by the ruling military, which had accused him of attacking soldiers during deadly clashes in October.
    (AP, 12/25/11)

2011        Dec 27, An Egyptian court ordered the Egyptian army to stop forced virginity tests on female detainees, months after the practice sparked a national outcry and stained the ruling military's reputation.
    (AFP, 12/27/11)

2011        Dec 29, Egyptian soldiers and police stormed non-governmental organization offices throughout the country, banning employees inside from leaving while they interrogated them and searched through computer files. At least 18 offices were targeted in the raid. A court acquitted five policemen of charges of killing five protesters and wounding six others during the 18-day uprising that toppled Hosni Mubarak's longtime regime.
    (AP, 12/29/11)

2011        Nezar AlSayyad authored “Cairo: Histories of a City."
    (SSFC, 7/24/11, p.F7)

2012        Jan 3, Egyptians lined up in front of polling centers in nine provinces to cast their ballots in the third and final round of the country's first parliamentary elections following the ouster of Hosni Mubarak. The two-day balloting is taking place in areas known as strongholds of Islamist parties and is unlikely to change the outcome of the elections.
    (AP, 1/3/12)

2012        Jan 4, Egyptians voted again in the final round of a phased election to choose the first parliament since a popular uprising toppled Hosni Mubarak in February last year.
    (AFP, 1/4/12)

2012        Jan 7, Egypt's two main Islamist parties claimed to have together taken 62.2 percent of the vote in the final stage of a general election, maintaining their lead in the overall contest.
    (AFP, 1/7/12)

2012        Jan 11, Egypt called off an annual Jewish festival in the Nile Delta, which draws Israeli pilgrims every year to the tomb of holy man Abu Hassira (Abi Hasira, aka Yaakov Abuhatzeira), a renowned religious figure from Morocco, who fell ill and died in Damanhur, Egypt, in 1880.
    (AFP, 1/11/12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Damanhur)
2012        Jan 11, Clashes between Egyptian troops and Bedouin in the Suez district east of Cairo killed three people as military police tried to evict the Bedouin from state-owned land.
    (AFP, 1/11/12)

2012        Jan 14, Egyptian telecom magnate Naguib Sawiris, a billionaire Coptic Christian who founded the liberal Free Egyptians party, faced trial for tweeting a cartoon of Mickey Mouse with a beard and Minnie Mouse in a face veil, joking that the cartoon characters would be forced to dress conservatively if Islamists took power. The trial was delayed as Sawiris failed to show.
    (AFP, 1/9/12)(AFP, 1/14/12)
2012        Jan 14, Egypt's reform leader Mohamed ElBaradei (69) said he is pulling out of the country's presidential race to protest the military's failure to put the country on the path to democracy.
    (AP, 1/14/12)

2012        Jan 16, Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood, the big winner in the first election since the ousting of President Hosni Mubarak last February, said it has joined several other parties in backing Saad el-Katatni. He's the secretary-general of the Brotherhood's own party.
    (AP, 1/16/12)

2012        Jan 18, In Egypt assailants attacked Nawara Negm, a prominent activist, as she left work at Cairo's Nileside state television headquarters. She said the beating took place while scores of policemen and army soldiers assigned to the protection of the TV building stood by and watched. Field Marshal Hussein Tantawi, delivered a thinly veiled warning to anti-military activists planning a wave of protests to mark the Jan. 25 anniversary of the start of the uprising.
    (AP, 1/19/12)

2012        Jan 19, Egypt’s Al-Ahram newspaper reported that a safe containing radioactive material was stolen from a site in Al-Dabaa, on the Mediterranean coast. The low-level radioactive material was stolen from a laboratory at a construction site for a nuclear power plant that is not yet operational. A day later the Al-Akhbar newspaper said that the experts who toured the site a day earlier found "no evidence of any theft of radioactive material" or any radioactive leakage.
    (AFP, 1/19/12)

2012        Jan 23, Egypt's parliament met for the first time since a popular uprising ousted Hosni Mubarak. The parliament elected Saad al-Katatni, a leading member of the powerful Muslim Brotherhood, as speaker. The exact role of parliament remained unclear, with power remaining in the hands of the generals who took power from former president Mubarak.
    (AFP, 1/23/12)

2012        Jan 24, Egypt's military ruler decreed a partial lifting of the nation's hated emergency laws, saying the draconian laws will remain applicable to crimes committed by "thugs." This would become effective Jan 25, the first anniversary of the start of the popular uprising that toppled longtime authoritarian ruler Hosni Mubarak.
    (AP, 1/24/12)

2012        Jan 25, Tens of thousands of Egyptians rallied to mark the first anniversary of the country's 2011 uprising, with liberals and Islamists gathering on different sides of Cairo's Tahrir Square. The ruling generals have declared Jan. 25 a national holiday to mark the occasion. Previously, Jan. 25 was Police Day.
    (AP, 1/25/12)

2012        Jan 26, It was reported that Egypt has banned the son of US Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood and a number of other Americans from leaving the country as tensions rise over moves by Egyptian authorities to restrict the work of international rights organizations. LaHood's organizations was one of 10 raided last month by Egyptian authorities, who said they sought to determine if the groups were operating legally.
    (AP, 1/26/12)

2012        Jan 27, In Egypt protesters marched to Cairo's Tahrir Square to join thousands there demanding democratic change. Today’s rallies marked a year since the army was deployed to control the deadly protests calling for an end to Mubarak's regime. Muslim Brotherhood supporters and secular protesters hurled bottles and rocks at each other and got into fistfights in Tahrir Square.
    (AFP, 1/27/12)(AP, 1/27/12)

2012        Jan 29, Egyptians voted for the upper house of parliament, in elections that are the latest step in the country's planned transition from military to civilian rule. Voting took place in 13 provinces for the first stage of elections for the largely advisory Shura Council. A second stage will take place on Feb. 14-15.
    (AP, 1/29/12)

2012        Jan 30, In Egypt 7 gunmen charged into the New Cairo branch of HSBC Bank on the city's outskirts, firing their weapons in the air, and took money from tellers. 3 gunmen robbed an armored car as it unloaded money at another bank in southern Cairo, fleeing with over 3 million Egyptian pounds ($542,000 dollars).
    (AP, 1/30/12)

2012        Jan 31, Egypt's newly elected lawmakers took aim at the country's military rulers Tuesday, accusing them of trampling on democratic norms and overstepping their powers by passing laws, including a crucial one regulating presidential elections. Several hundred protesters rallied outside parliament, calling on lawmakers to press the military rulers to hold speedier and fair trials for former regime officials and settle retribution claims by the families of those killed during protests.
    (AP, 1/31/12)
2012        Jan 31, Egyptian Bedouins took 25 Chinese factory workers hostage in the northern Sinai Peninsula. The group demanded the release of militants jailed for a 2005 bombing in Sharm el-Sheikh at the tip of the Egyptian Sinai. All 25 workers were released by the next day.
    (AFP, 1/31/12)(AFP, 2/1/12)

2012        Feb 1, In Egypt fans from the local Al-Masry team in Port Said chased supporters of the visiting Al-Ahly soccer club with knives, clubs and stones. Hundreds fled into the exit corridor, only to be crushed against a locked gate, their rivals attacking from behind. The Interior Ministry said 74 people died, including one police officer, and 248 were injured, 14 of them police.
    (AP, 2/2/12)

2012        Feb 2, Egyptians ranging from soccer fans to lawmakers blamed the country's military rulers for a bloody post-match riot as anger mounted over the failure of police to stop the violence. PM Kamal el-Ganzouri dissolved the Egyptian Soccer Federation's board and referred its members for questioning by prosecutors.
    (AP, 2/2/12)
2012        Feb 2, The World Bank said Egypt has asked for a $1.0 billion loan to help it rebuild its economy.
    (AFP, 2/2/12)

2012        Feb 3, In Egypt Bedouin gunmen intercepted a tourist minivan and snatched two female American tourists and their Egyptian guide at gunpoint near St. Catherine's Monastery in the Sinai Peninsula. They were released unharmed after several hours. 4 masked gunmen stopped the vehicle of two Italians working for a local food factory in the nearby city of Suez, taking their car, more than 10,000 euros ($13,000) and their laptops. Police in Cairo fired salvos of tear gas and birdshot at protesters angry over a deadly soccer riot as fresh clashes on Egyptian streets killed 5 people. 6 more died of the wounds over the next 24 hours.
    (AP, 2/3/12)(AFP, 2/3/12)(AP, 2/4/12)

2012        Feb 4, In Egypt protesters faced off with police in Cairo for a third day in deadly clashes sparked by anger at the failure of military rulers to prevent football-linked violence that left scores dead.
    (AFP, 2/4/12)

2012        Feb 5, Egyptian investigating judges referred 44 NGO workers, including 19 Americans, to trial before a criminal court for allegedly being involved in banned activities and illegally receiving foreign funds. The decision also slapped a travel ban on all those referred to trial. The military rulers faced mounting pressure on two fronts, with a fourth day of violent street protests spearheading calls to speed up the transfer of power to a civilian administration and the US threatening to cut more than a billion dollars in badly needed aid. Since Feb 2 twelve people have been killed in Cairo and Suez.
    (AP, 2/5/12)(AFP, 2/5/12)

2012        Feb 6, In Egypt a 5th day of clashes with police continued outside Cairo's security headquarters in the wake of deadly football violence and calls by activists for civil disobedience. At least one protester was killed.
    (AFP, 2/6/12)

2012        Feb 8, An Egyptian production company said "the student members of the Muslim Brotherhood at Ain Shams University had prevented the film crew from the 'Dhat' TV series from shooting the scenes set at the university." The series, adapted from the novel "Dhat" by Egyptian author Sonallah Ibrahim, takes place in the 1970s, "when women wore short clothing."
    (AFP, 2/9/12)

2012        Feb 10, In Egypt hundreds of protesters marched to the defense ministry in Cairo demanding the military rulers' ouster, on the eve of a planned civil disobedience campaign to mark Hosni Mubarak's overthrow a year ago. Armed tribesmen kidnapped three South Korean tourists and their Egyptian guide in the Sinai peninsula. All 4 were released the next day and plan to continue their tour.
    (AFP, 2/10/12)(AP, 2/10/12)(AFP, 2/12/12)

2012        Feb 11, In Egypt student activists held strikes to mark a year since they toppled Hosni Mubarak, leaving an increasingly unpopular and defiant military in charge. The planned day of civil disobedience and strikes saw only a small turnout.
    (AFP, 2/11/12)

2012        Feb 12, In Egypt a UN freelance consultant was fatally shot in the head while driving through an upscale Cairo neighborhood in a random daytime shooting. She was a consultant with the women's fund at the United Nations in Cairo and also worked at a medical lab.
    (AP, 2/12/12)
2012        Feb 12, The Arab League foreign ministers meeting in Cairo adopted a draft resolution calling for an immediate cease-fire in Syria and called on the UN Security Council to pass a resolution creating a joint peacekeeping force for Syria. Al-Qaida chief Ayman al-Zawahri threw the terror network's support behind Syrian rebels trying to topple President Bashar Assad. Arab League chief Nabil Elaraby accepted the resignation of Gen. Mohammed Ahmed Al-Dabi, the head of the Syrian observer mission, and nominated former Jordanian Foreign Minister Abdullah al-Khatib as the new envoy.
    (AP, 2/12/12)

2012        Feb 17, Thousands of Egyptians rallied in the Mediterranean city of Port Said, saying that its residents were not behind a deadly soccer riot earlier this month that killed 74 people.
    (AP, 2/17/12)

2012        Feb 18, A Palestinian official in Gaza said Egypt has promised to provide diesel fuel for the Gaza Strip's sole power plant, which went down Feb 14 after running out of fuel.
    (AFP, 2/18/12)

2012        Feb 19, Egypt said it was withdrawing its ambassador to Syria, the latest Arab country to scale back its relations with the embattled regime in Damascus.
    (AP, 2/19/12)

2012        Feb 23, In Egypt Abdel-Moneim Abolfotoh, a leading Islamist and presidential hopeful, suffered a concussion after a carjacking attack on a highway to Cairo.
    (AP, 2/24/12)

2012        Feb 28, Egyptians voted the Shura Council, a feeble upper house of parliament. Voter turnout shrank to 6.5%.
    (Econ, 3/10/12, p.58)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shura_Council)
2012        Feb 28, In Egypt all three judges pulled out of the trial of 43 pro-democracy workers, including 16 Americans, throwing into question the case that has ripped US-Egypt relations.
    (AP, 2/29/12)

2012        Feb 29, Egypt announced that 7 American pro-democracy workers, accused of instigating unrest, are free to leave the country. 9 other Americans up for trial had had already left the country. Altogether 15 NGO suspects left the country after each defendant had paid two million pounds (roughly $330,000/247,000 euros) in bail.
    (SFC, 3/1/12, p.A2)(AFP, 3/1/12)
2012        Feb 29, Saudi Arabia said that it would honor a pledge of $3.75 billion in aid to Egypt, after complaints by the Egyptian premier that donor countries were failing to respect their commitments.
    (AFP, 2/29/12)

2012        Mar 3, Egyptian lawmakers clashed over who should have the right to draft the country's constitution, in a heated debate focusing on the influence of Islamists on the crucial document and how religiously conservative Egypt will be.
    (AP, 3/3/12)
2012        Mar 3, A Cairo court dismissed a complaint against Christian tycoon Naguib Sawaris accused of insulting Islam with a cartoon of Mickey Mouse and Minnie Mouse in conservative Muslim garb. Hardline Islamist lawyer and MP Mamduh Ismail said he would appeal.
    (AFP, 3/3/12)

2012        Mar 5, In Egypt the ultra conservative Islamist party al-Nur said Islamist MP Anwar al-Bilkimy has been forced to resign from parliament and from his party after claiming that he was injured in a carjacking, when he had in fact had a nose job.
    (AFP, 3/5/12)
2012        Mar 5, Egyptian security officials said the number of weapons smuggled into Egypt across the Libyan border is on the increase, with thousands of weapons flooding into the country. Residents of southern Egypt, where extended families often accumulate large arsenals to protect property and settle feuds, were the main buyers. Security officials said militants have again blown up a gas pipeline in the Sinai peninsula that transports fuel to Israel.
    (AP, 3/5/12)(SFC, 3/6/12, p.A2)

2012        Mar 7, In Egypt the Cairo Criminal Court acquitted policeman Mohammed Abdel-Moneim, who was sentenced to death for shooting 20 protesters on Jan. 28 last year in front of a Cairo police station. The court did not give reasons for its ruling.
    (AP, 3/7/12)

2012        Mar 8, In Egypt a trial against foreign non-profit groups reopened. Robert Becker, the last American facing criminal charges in the trial, appeared in court. 15 other Americans had already left Egypt, but Becker chose to stay and face charges.
    (SFC, 3/9/12, p.A2)

2012        Mar 10, Arab and Russian foreign ministers meeting in Cairo called for an end to the violence in Syria "whatever its source," as they struggled try to find common ground on ways to resolve the deadly conflict. Qatari Foreign Minister Sheikh Hamad bin Jassim al-Thani said that it was time to send Arab and foreign troops to Syria.
    (AFP, 3/10/12)

2012        Mar 12, Egyptian police said 10 people were killed when the soil caved in on them as they were illegally digging for ancient treasures under a house in the village of Arab al-Manasra, north of Luxor.
    (AFP, 3/12/12)

2012        Mar 15, Egypt's top prosecutor charged 75 people in connection with the deadly Feb 1 soccer riot last month in the Mediterranean city of Port Said in which authorities said fans were thrown to their death off the stadium walls and others killed by explosives as they tried to flee.
    (AP, 3/15/12)

2012        Mar 16, Hundreds of Egyptian activists rallied in Cairo, lambasting a recent military tribunal ruling that cleared a military doctor of charges he forced a "virginity test" on female activists.
    (AP, 3/17/12)

2012        Mar 17, In Egypt Pope Shenouda III (b.1923), the patriarch of the Coptic Orthodox Church since 1971, died. He led Egypt's Christian minority for 40 years during a time of increasing tensions with Muslims.
    (AP, 3/18/12)

2012        Mar 19, An Egyptian military court acquitted Mohammed al-Zawahiri, the brother of Al-Qaeda's leader Ayman, overturning a death sentence in a new trial. The trial also acquitted several other former militants including Sayyed Imam Fadl, once the spiritual leader of the Egyptian Islamic Jihad and mentor of Ayman al-Zawahiri.
    (AFP, 3/19/12)

2012        Mar 20, A Egyptian court in Cairo gave suspended one-year sentences to 11 policemen accused of killing 22 protesters and wounding 44 others during last year’s uprising that ousted Pres. Mubarek.
    (SFC, 3/21/12, p.A2)

2012        Mar 22, A dispute between Egypt and Gaza's Hamas government has produced the worst energy crisis here in years: Gazans are enduring 18-hour-a-day blackouts, fuel is running low for hospital backup generators, raw sewage pours into the Mediterranean Sea for lack of treatment pumps and gas stations have shut down. The Gaza power plant shut down on Feb. 10 and has been mostly offline since.
    (AP, 3/22/12)

2012        Mar 23, Egyptian officials reached an agreement with Israel to permit the transfer of fuel to enable Gaza's sole power plant to function. Some 450,000 liters of fuel were delivered to the crisis-hit Gaza Strip through Israel's Kerem Shalom border crossing.
    (AFP, 3/23/12)
2012        Mar 23, The Obama administration said it would resume military aid to Egypt.
    (SFC, 3/24/12, p.A2)

2012        Mar 24, Egypt's Islamist-dominated parliament and senate began meeting to elect a panel to draft a new constitution amid calls by liberal groups for protests against Islamist influence over the charter.
    (AFP, 3/24/12)
2012        Mar 24, Egyptian soldiers and police clashed overnight with thousands of angry soccer fans in a Suez Canal city over the suspension of their club following a deadly riot last month. One teenager was reported killed with a gunshot to the back.
    (AP, 3/24/12)

2012        Mar 25, Egypt's newly empowered Islamists have tightened their grip, giving themselves a majority on a 100-member panel tasked with drafting a constitution that will define the shape of the government in the post-Hosni Mubarak era. The panel will have nearly 60 Islamists, including 37 legislators selected the day before by parliament's two chambers.
    (AP, 3/25/12)

2012        Mar 26, In Egypt two prominent liberal politicians pulled out from a panel tasked with drafting a new constitution after Islamists won a majority of seats on the body. The 100-member panel selected over the weekend includes nearly 60 Islamists and only six women and six minority Christians.
    (AP, 3/26/12)
2012        Mar 26, In Egypt 3 people were killed and a dozen others injured when a tugboat engine exploded in the Suez Canal. Movement in the vital waterway was not affected.
    (AFP, 3/26/12)

2012        Mar 27, In Egypt liberal and leftist parties announced that they have pulled out of a panel drafting Egypt's new constitution, accusing Islamists of monopolizing the process that will deliver the country's post-revolution charter. Cairo's Administrative Court began looking into the legitimacy of the constitutional panel after lawsuits were filed by several legal experts who argue that the constitution cannot be drafted by those whose role it will define.
    (AFP, 3/27/12)

2012        Mar 28, In Egypt members of a controversial panel tasked with drafting a new constitution elected Muslim Brotherhood member Saad al-Katatni, currently the speaker of parliament, to head the committee.
    (AFP, 3/28/12)

2012        Mar 29, Egyptian political parties reached an agreement to boost their representation in a disputed constitutional panel dominated by Islamists. 14 parties, including the main Islamist ones, supported the compromise and five opposed.
    (AFP, 3/29/12)

2012        Mar 30, In Egypt dozens of anti-military activists tore down a wall in central Cairo erected by the military in December to end bloody clashes with protesters.
    (AFP, 3/30/12)

2012        Mar 31, Five Egyptian Copts, including two teenage girls, were crushed to death at the tomb of their spiritual leader Pope Shenuda III who died last week. Monastery officials had allowed visitors to visit Shenuda's tomb, prompting a rush to the desert monastery.
    (AFP, 3/31/12)

2012        Apr 2, Egypt's official MENA news agency reported that the Coptic Orthodox church has decided to boycott an Islamist-dominated panel charged with drafting the future constitution.
    (AFP, 4/2/12)

2012        Apr 5, Egyptian security forces and military aircraft searched south-eastern Sinai for militants believed to be behind a rocket launch against Israel. A rocket fired from Egypt's Sinai desert hit the southern Israeli resort city of Eilat early today There were no injuries.
    (AP, 4/5/12)

2012        Apr 10, An Egyptian court suspended a 100-member panel selected by lawmakers from the Islamist-dominated parliament and tasked with drafting the country's new constitution. The verdict referred the case to a panel of senior judges to look into the legality of the panel.
    (AP, 4/10/12)
2012        Apr 10, In Egypt residents blocked a motorway on the Libyan border to protest security restrictions on cross-border traffic and increased tariffs for lorries. Security forces intervened, leading to clashes that left two people dead and four injured.
    (AFP, 4/11/12)

2012        Apr 11, In Egypt Salafist politician Hazem Abu Ismail looked set to rejoin the presidential race after a court ruled that his mother was not a US citizen.
    (AFP, 4/11/12)

2012        Apr 12, Egypt’s Islamist-dominated parliament passed a new bill stripping senior Mubarak regime figures, such as ex-spy chief Omar Suleiman, from the right to run for office for the next 10 years. The ruling military council must ratify the bill before it can go into effect.
    (AP, 4/13/12)

2012        Apr 13, In Egypt thousands of Islamists packed Cairo's Tahrir Square to pressure the country's ruling generals to bar Hosni Mubarak-era officials, including his former spy chief, from running in the upcoming presidential elections.
    (AP, 4/13/12)

2012        Apr 14, Egypt's election commission disqualified 10 presidential hopefuls, including Hosni Mubarak's former spy chief and fundamentalist Islamists, from running in the race for the country's first post-revolutionary leader.
    (AP, 4/15/12)

2012        Apr 15, In Egypt Islamist militants driving vehicles mounted with machine guns opened fire on a police checkpoint in the Sinai peninsula, killing two policemen and injuring a third. In the port city of Suez, one person died and 24 were injured during a fire that raged for nearly 20 hours in the storage facilities of an oil company.
    (AP, 4/15/12)

2012        Apr 17, Egypt’s electoral commission on technical grounds barred 10 of 23 presidential candidates.
    (Econ, 4/21/12, p.62)
2012        Apr 17, A prominent Egyptian human rights lawyer, Ahmed el-Gezawi, was arrested upon his arrival in the Saudi port of Jiddah. He was on his way to perform a minor pilgrimage. El-Gezawi had earlier filed a lawsuit in Egypt against King Abdullah over the alleged arbitrary detention of hundreds of Egyptians living in the kingdom. A rights group said he has criticized the monarch in television interviews.
    (AP, 4/24/12)

2012        Apr 20, In Egypt tens of thousands of protesters packed Cairo's downtown Tahrir Square in the biggest demonstration in months against the ruling military. But the crowds in Tahrir were divided between rival groups with differing complaints and goals.
    (AP, 4/20/12)

2012        Apr 22, Egypt said it had scrapped the 2005 gas export deal with Israel, which generates 40 percent of its electricity from natural gas, with Egypt providing 43 percent of its gas supplies. The balance comes from Israel's own Yam Thetis offshore gas field. East Mediterranean Gas Company (EMG), which exports the gas to Israel, said it was cancelled because the Israeli company failed to respect conditions stipulated in the contract.
    (AFP, 4/23/12)

2012        Apr 23, Egyptian authorities said they have denied permission to eight American nonprofit groups to operate locally, including a center headed by former President Jimmy Carter that monitors elections.
    (AP, 4/23/12)

2012        Apr 24, An Egyptian court upheld a conviction against popular comedian Adel Imam (71) for offending Islam in some of his most popular films. He was sentenced to 3 months in jail and fined around $170. On Sep 12 an appeals court said the lawyer was not personally harmed by the movies and had no standing to sue.
    (SFC, 4/25/12, p.A2)(AP, 9/12/12)
2012        Apr 24, Hundreds of Egyptians noisily protested outside the Saudi Embassy to demand the release of an Egyptian human rights lawyer detained on April 17 in Saudi Arabia for allegedly insulting the kingdom's monarch.
    (AP, 4/24/12)

2012        Apr 26, Egypt's election commission released a final list of 13 candidates eligible to run in the May 23-24 presidential elections.
    (AP, 4/26/12)

2012        Apr 28, In Egypt reform leader Mohamed ElBaradei launched the Constitution Party, a new political party that he said aims to unite Egyptians and save the country's revolution from a messy democratic transition. Assailants attacked demonstrators gathered outside the Defense Ministry in Cairo to call for an end to military rule with rocks and firebombs, killing one protester and wounding 30.
    (AP, 4/28/12)(AP, 4/29/12)
2012        Apr 28, Saudi Arabia's official news agency said the kingdom has closed its embassy and consulates in Egypt and recalled its ambassador following protests over a detained Egyptian human rights lawyer Ahmed el-Gezawi.
    (AP, 4/28/12)

2012        Apr 29, Egypt's Islamist-dominated parliament decided to suspend sessions for a week in protest at the ruling military refusing to sack the government and name the Muslim Brotherhood's party to head a new one. One person was killed and 119 injured in clashes between Abu Ismail supporters and residents of the Abbassiya neighborhood in Cairo, where the defense ministry is located.
    (AFP, 4/29/12)(AFP, 5/2/12)

2012        May 2, In Egypt suspected supporters of the military rulers attacked predominantly Islamist anti-government protesters outside the Defense Ministry in Cairo, setting off clashes that left 20 dead as political tensions rise three weeks before crucial presidential elections.
    (AFP, 5/2/12)

2012        May 4, In Egypt thousands rallied against the country's ruling military council, two days after a flare-up of street violence left at least nine dead and fueled a wave of Islamist-led opposition to the generals ahead of presidential elections. Military prosecutors detained some 320 Egyptian protesters following clashes outside the country's Defense Ministry. Two people were reported killed and over 300 people injured.
    (AP, 5/4/12)(AFP, 5/5/12)

2012        May 5, Egypt's military ruler attended an unprecedented public funeral for a soldier killed in clashes with protesters. The army decided to hold 179 people, including 13 women, for 15 days pending investigation.
    (AFP, 5/5/12)

2012        May 6, Egypt's Islamist-dominated parliament approved a ban on the country's next president from sending civilians for trial by military tribunals, but preserving that power for the military itself.
    (AP, 5/6/12)

2012        May 7, In Egypt investigating judges sent 293 people to trial on charges related to protests last December that left 14 people dead in 4 days of clashes.
    (SFC, 5/8/12, p.A2)

2012        May 8, An Egyptian court upheld a one-year prison sentence for prominent activist Asmaa Mahfouz for assaulting a witness in an ongoing trial over a deadly clash between soldiers and Christians. She was in the United States and unable to attend the sentencing.
    (AFP, 5/8/12)

2012        May 11, Egyptian expatriates voted to replace ousted leader Hosni Mubarak in what were hoped to be the first genuinely contested presidential elections in the country's history. The general election begins May 23.
    (AP, 5/11/12)

2012        May 17, In Egypt a Cairo court found 14 policemen not guilty in the killing of protesters during last year’s popular uprising. They were among 200 security officers and former regime officials facing trial for the deaths of nearly 850 protesters.
    (SFC, 5/18/12, p.A2)
2012        May 17, Algerian singer Warda al-Jazairia (72), the Algerian Rose, died in Cairo. She was a regional icon whose powerful patriotic tunes were matched in popularity by her romantic ballads. She performed for presidents and popular audiences, reinventing herself over the decades to appeal to old and young alike.
    (AFP, 5/18/12)

2012        May 19, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development approved investment of 1.0 billion euros for expansion into north Africa and the Middle East under its first British president, Suma Chakrabarti, who a day earlier replaced Thomas Mirow from Germany. The EBRD is planning to invest specifically in Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia and Jordan.
    (AFP, 5/19/12)

2012        May 21, An Egyptian court sentenced 12 Christians to life in prison and acquitted 8 Muslims in relations to the April, 2010, strife in Minya province that left 2 Muslims dead.
    (SFC, 5/22/12, p.A2)

2012        May 22, An Egyptian court sentenced five policemen to 10 years in prison in absentia for killing protesters, in a rare conviction of security officials accused of using deadly force against the demonstrations that overthrew Hosni Mubarak in 2011. Out of the 17 defendants who appeared before the Giza Criminal Court, two others received one-year suspended sentences while ten other policemen were acquitted.
    (AP, 5/22/12)

2012        May 23, Egyptians voted in presidential elections for the first time in generations. A field of 13 candidates ran in the 2-day vote. This first run was not expected to produce an outright winner. A runoff between the two top vote-getters will be held June 16-17.
    (AP, 5/23/12)

2012        May 25, Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood predicted its candidate, Mohammed Morsi, would face former prime minister Ahmed Shafiq, a veteran of Mubarak's rule, in a runoff to be held on June 16-17. Counts from stations around the country reported by the state news agency gave Mohammed Morsi 25.3% and Ahmed Shafiq 24.9% with less than 100,000 votes difference.
    (AP, 5/25/12)(AP, 5/26/12)

2012        May 26, Egyptian presidential candidate Ahmed Shafiq (70) paid tribute to the "glorious revolution" that toppled Hosni Mubarak. Shafiq, the last prime minister to serve under Mubarak, vowed there would be no "recreation of the old regime" as he prepared to face off against Mohammed Morsi of the Muslim Brotherhood in a runoff on June 16-17.
    (AP, 5/26/12)

2012        May 27, An Egyptian criminal court convicted Zakaria Azmi, Hosni Mubarak's chief of staff, of corruption and sentenced him to seven years in prison. He was also fined 36.3 million pounds ($6 million).
    (AP, 5/27/12)

2012        May 29, In Egypt final election results showed that that Mohammed Morsi won close to 5.8 million votes, or almost 25%, while Ahmed Shafiq garnered 5.5 million votes, or nearly 24%. Finishing third was leftist candidate Hamdeen Sabahi with 4.8 million votes, or about 21%.
    (AP, 5/29/12)

2012        May 30, In Egypt Hosni Mubarak's two sons were accused with insider trading in a new case. 7 others were also accused of conspiring to stealthily buy a controlling 80 percent stake in Al Watany Bank of Egypt without declaring their share to the stock market authority.
A criminal court convicted and sentenced to five years in prison a policeman for his part in the shooting death of 18 protesters on January 28, 2011, the bloodiest day of Egypt’s uprising.
    (AP, 5/31/12)

2012        May 31, Egypt's notorious emergency law, in force since 1981, lapsed at the end of a two-year extension passed by ousted President Hosni Mubarak's parliament.
    (AP, 5/31/12)

2012        Jun 2, In Egypt Hosni Mubarak was sentenced to life in prison for failing to stop the killing of protesters during the uprising that forced him from power last year. His former Interior Minister Habib el-Adly, who was in charge of the police and other security forces at the time of the uprising, was also convicted of failing to act to stop the killings. The ousted president and his sons were acquitted, however, of corruption charges in a mixed verdict that swiftly provoked a new wave of anger on Egypt's streets.
    (AP, 6/2/12)

2012        Jun 3, In Egypt hundreds of people occupied Cairo's Tahrir Square after a night of rage against what they feel are lenient sentences given to ousted dictator Hosni Mubarak and his security chiefs.
    (AFP, 6/3/12)

2012        Jun 5, Egyptians in their hundreds began gathering in Cairo's iconic Tahrir Square ahead of a mass demonstration to protest against verdicts handed down in ex-president Hosni Mubarak's murder trial.
    (AFP, 6/5/12)

2012        Jun 8, In Egypt a mob of hundreds of men assaulted women holding a march demanding an end to sexual harassment, with the attackers overwhelming the male guardians and groping and molesting several of the female marchers in Cairo's Tahrir Square.
    (AP, 6/8/12)

2012        Jun 14, Egypt's highest court ruled that former PM Ahmed Shafiq, the last prime minister to serve under Hosni Mubarak, can stay in the presidential race and that a third of lawmakers in parliament were illegally elected, forcing a re-vote in a potential blow to Islamists who dominate the legislature.
    (AP, 6/14/12)

2012        Jun 15, Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood warned that a court ruling to dissolve the Islamist-led parliament and let Hosni Mubarak's former prime minister run for president is a move toward reversing the gains of the revolution.
    (AP, 6/15/12)

2012        Jun 16, Egyptians entered their latest round of elections in a race between Ahmed Shafiq, a career air force officer, and the Muslim Brotherhood's Mohammed Morsi. The two-day balloting will produce Egypt's first president since the ouster of Mubarak. The military told parliament it has been dissolved and banned its members from entering the house after a court annulled the last legislative poll.
    (AP, 6/16/12)(AFP, 6/16/12)

2012        Jun 17, Egyptians voted for a 2nd day in a presidential runoff pitting Hosni Mubarak's last prime minister against a conservative Islamist. Mohammed Morsi of the Muslim Brotherhood took nearly 52% of the vote to defeat Mubarak's last PM Ahmed Shafiq with about 48%. The military council issued an interim constitution just as polls were closing that gave the generals sweeping authority to maintain their grip on power and subordinate the nominal head of state. The interim constitution declared the military rulers the country's lawmakers in lieu of the dissolved parliament, gave them control over the budget and the power to determine who writes the permanent constitution that will define the country's future.
    (AP, 6/17/12)(AP, 6/18/12)

2012        Jun 18, In Egypt Ahmed Shafiq angrily dismissed claims of victory by his rival Mohammed Mursi, accusing the Muslim Brotherhood candidate of using false figures. Official results were not expected until June 21.
    (AFP, 6/18/12)
2012        Jun 18, Israel carried out an air strike on northern Gaza, killing two Palestinians who were identified by local witnesses as members of the radical Islamic Jihad movement. Hours earlier a group of militants, who sneaked across the Egyptian border, killed an Israeli civilian sparking a firefight which left at least two gunmen dead.
    (AFP, 6/18/12)

2012        Jun 19, Egypt's Hosni Mubarak (84) suffered a stroke in prison and was put on life support. State news initially said Mubarek was “clinically dead."
    (AFP, 6/19/12)(AP, 6/20/12)(SFC, 6/20/12, p.A4)

2012        Jun 20, In Egypt Hosni Mubarek was in a coma but off life support and his heart and other vital organs were functioning following a stroke a day earlier.
    (AP, 6/20/12)

2012        Jun 22, In Egypt tens of thousands rallied in Cairo's Tahrir Square to support Mohammed Morsi, the Brotherhood's candidate for president. A delay in the run-off results, which had been due a day earlier, widely raised suspicions that the result was being negotiated rather than counted.
    (AP, 6/22/12)

2012        Jun 24, Egypt’s head of the electoral commission announced that Muslim Brotherhood member Mohamed Morsi with 51.73% of the vote is declared the first president of Egypt since a popular uprising ousted Hosni Mubarak. Tens of thousands packed into Cairo's Tahrir Square in the largest celebration the protest hub has witnessed since Hosni Mubarak's ouster, to celebrate their new president-elect, Mohamed Morsi.
    (AFP, 6/24/12)

2012        Jun 26, Egypt’s state media reported that Hassan Abdel Rahman, the former head of the feared State Security Investigations, will face trial with 40 police co-defendants for destroying records. A court had acquitted on June 2 Abdel Rahman and six police commanders for failing to prevent the killings of protesters. Egypt's administrative court suspended a justice ministry decision that had empowered the military to arrest civilians, responding to an appeal by 17 rights groups against the controversial June 13 decree.
    (AFP, 6/26/12)(AFP, 6/27/12)

2012        Jun 26, Egypt’s losing presidential candidate Ahmed Shafiq fled to the UAR hours after a top prosecutor ordered an investigation into allegations that he had wasted public funds.
    (SFC, 6/27/12, p.A2)

2012        Jun 28, An Egyptian court jailed for 15 years each former oil minister Sameh Fahmi and fugitive businessman Hussein Salem for selling natural gas to Israel below market value. Five former high ranking officials from the oil and gas authority received jail sentences raging from three to 10 years on similar charges.
    (AFP, 6/28/12)

2012        Jun 30, In Egypt Mohamed Morsi took the oath of office to become the country’s first Islamist president and its first elected head of state since the revolt that overthrew Hosni Mubarak overthrow last year.
    (AFP, 6/30/12)
2012        Jun 30, Egyptian press reported that security forces have seized a large weapons consignment, including Grad rockets, that had been smuggled from Libya and could have been headed to the Gaza Strip.
    (AFP, 6/30/12)

2012        Jul 2, Syria's main exiled opposition groups met in Cairo to try to forge a common vision for a political transition in Syria. Rebel fighters and activists based in Syria announced they would boycott the Cairo meeting. The Observatory said at least 5 civilians were killed today.
    (AFP, 7/2/12)

2012        Jul 3, The Syrian Revolution General Commission (SRGC) pulled out of the Cairo conference, citing political disputes. The Syrian Kurdish National Council stormed out of the meeting, protesting that the final document failed to specifically mention the Kurds.
    (AFP, 7/4/12)

2012        Jul 4, Egyptian security officials said university student Ahmed Hussein Eid (20) was fatally stabbed as his girlfriend looked on after three suspected Islamic militants confronted the couple and told them they should not be together in public. The killing followed murders of two musicians, also by suspected militants.
    (AP, 7/4/12)
2012        Jul 4, Syria's fractured opposition groups wound up talks in Cairo that descended into chaos and even fist fights as they tried to forge a common vision for a transition in their country. They did agree on the final documents, which included an end to the Assad regime, support of the Free Syrian Army, and agreement on basic constitutional principles of justice, democracy and pluralism.
    (AFP, 7/4/12)
2012        Jul 4, Sweden granted permanent residency to Ahmed Agiza (49), a former Egyptian terror suspect. The Swedish government has acknowledged blame for the circumstances of the 2001 deportation and that Agiza and fellow Egyptian Muhammed Alzery were tortured in Egypt. It has awarded them 3 million kronor ($433,000) each in compensation for circumstances related to their deportations.
    (AFP, 7/4/12)

2012        Jul 7, Egyptian border guards arrested 68 Eritreans and Ethiopians trying to sneak across the border into Israel.
    (AFP, 7/8/12)

2012        Jul 8, Egypt's new President Mohamed Morsi issued a decree annulling the Supreme Court's June 14 dissolution of the Islamist-dominated parliament.
    (AFP, 7/8/12)

2012        Jul 9, Egypt's highest court insisted that its ruling that led to the dissolution of the Islamist-dominated parliament was final and binding, setting up a showdown with the country's newly elected president. Egypt's MENA state news agency said speaker Saad el-Katatni has called for parliament to meet on July 10.
    (AP, 7/9/12)

2012        Jul 10, Egypt's Islamist-dominated parliament opened a new front in the country's leadership showdowns by meeting in defiance of orders that disbanded the chamber and brought President Mohammed Morsi in conflict with both the powerful military and the highest court. The session was brief, lasting just five minutes. The Supreme Constitutional Court on annulled a decree by newly-elected President Mohamed Morsi reinstating the Islamist-led lower house of parliament. Thousands of protesters rallied in Tahrir Square in support of Morsi.
    (AP, 7/10/12)(AFP, 7/11/12)

2012        Jul 11, Egypt's President Mohamed Morsi said he will respect a court ruling overturning his decree for the dissolved Islamist-dominated parliament to convene.
    (AFP, 7/11/11)

2012        Jul 13, Egypt's new Islamist President Mohammed Morsi and Tunisian President Moncef Marzouki told reporters in Cairo that the two nations will rebuild ties after what he described as years of stagnant, routine relations.
    (AP, 7/13/12)
2012        Jul 13, In Egypt Bedouin men kidnapped two US tourists and their guide in the lawless Sinai. Police said that they were demanding the release of a jailed tribesman in exchange for the hostages. Rev. Michel Louis (61) and Lissa Alphonse (39) and their guide, Haytham Ragab, were released on July 16.
    (AFP, 7/13/12)(AP, 7/16/12)

2012        Jul 14, In northern Egypt some 23,000 textile workers went on strike in Mahalla al-Kobra, demanding higher wages.
    (AP, 7/15/12)
2012        Jul 14, In Egypt an 11-storey building in the poor Alexandria neighborhood of al-Gomrouk collapsed onto three adjacent buildings, reducing much of the structures to rubble. 19 people were reported killed.
    (AP, 7/15/12)(AFP, 7/16/12)

2012        Jul 16, Egypt’s ousted leader Hosni Mubarek (84) was returned to a Cairo prison.
    (SFC, 7/17/12, p.A2)

2012        Jul 19, In Egypt bearded men in the short robes, favored by some Islamists, machine-gunned 2 soldiers as they were walking on foot in Sheikh Zweid town near the Gaza Strip. Pres. Morsi, who was sworn in last month as Egypt's first elected civilian president, issued an order to pardon 572 people convicted by military tribunals.
    (AP, 7/19/12)(AFP, 7/23/12)
2012        Jul 19, In Ohio Omar Suleiman (76), Egypt's former spy chief, died in Cleveland. Suleiman was appointed vice president on Jan. 29, 2011, at the peak of last year's revolution.
    (AP, 7/19/12)

2012        Jul 21, An Egyptian court sentenced Ali Wanees, an ultraconservative former lawmaker and cleric, to a year in prison for public indecency, after police said they found him fondling a woman on his lap in a parked car at night. He was tried in absentia and is allowed a retrial. The court sentenced the woman he was with to six months in jail.
    (AP, 7/21/12)

2012        Jul 22, In Egypt attackers blew up a gas pipeline in the Sinai used to export fuel to Israel and Jordan, the 15th such attack since 2011.
    (AFP, 7/22/12)

2012        Jul 23, Egypt began to release detainees held by the military following a decree last week by President Mohamed Morsi.
    (AFP, 7/23/12)
2012        Jul 23, Egypt's ambassador to the West Bank Yasser Othman said transiting Palestinians can enter Egypt for 72 hours to arrange their own travel. A Palestinian official in Cairo said more easing of restrictions are being negotiated.
    (AP, 7/23/12)

2012        Jul 24, Egypt's president designated Hesham Kandil, a young, independent US-educated irrigation minister, as the new prime minister to form a government that will be tasked with turning the country's economy and security around.
    (AP, 7/24/12)

2012        Aug 2, A judge in Egypt investigating corruption charges against former Hosni Mubarak premier Ahmed Shafiq ordered Mubarak's two sons detained for allegedly buying land from Shafiq at below market price.
    (AFP, 8/2/12)

2012        Aug 5, In Egypt some 35 suspected Islamists attacked a checkpoint in the Sinai Peninsula near Rafah, killing 16 soldiers before stealing two of their vehicles and bursting through a security fence into Israel. 8 militants were killed by Israeli forces who struck from the air, as well as with tanks and artillery.
    (AP, 8/6/12)(AP, 8/8/12)

2012        Aug 7, In Egypt gunmen opened fire late this night on three security checkpoints around el-Arish, the capital of North Sinai province. Egypt’s military in response started a joint military-police ground operation in Sinai, backed by warplanes, to "restore stability and regain control" of the Sinai.
    (AP, 8/8/12)

2012        Aug 8, Egypt's state television reported the military killed 20 militants in unprecedented air strikes. Egypt said the attackers who killed 16 Egyptian soldiers had help from Gaza. In response Egypt closed its border crossing and shut down hundreds of smuggling tunnels. Gazans said the sealing of their territory following a weekend attack by Islamic militants has sent prices soaring and is leaving hundreds of medical patients stranded. President Mohammed Morsi fired his intelligence chief for failing to act on an Israeli warning of an imminent attack days before militants stormed a border post in the Sinai Peninsula.
    (AFP, 8/8/12)(AP, 8/8/12)

2012        Aug 9, In Egypt a massive power cut hit large parts of Cairo, home to some 18 million people, halting much of its metro service and delaying trading on the stock exchange.
    (AP, 8/9/12)

2012        Aug 10, Egyptian troops stormed a house in Sheik Zweid, close to Rafah border crossing with Gaza Strip, and caught 9 Islamic militants while they were asleep. Gunmen attacked a checkpoint in the Sinai Peninsula overnight, causing no casualties, as the army massed troops to quell increasingly deadly Islamist militants.
    (AP, 8/10/12)(AFP, 8/10/12)

2012        Aug 11, Egypt's official news agency said Qatar has granted Egypt a $2 billion loan to help the country's flagging economy.
    (AP, 8/11/12)

2012        Aug 12, Egypt's President Morsi announced a surprise decision to retire the defense minister and chief of staff and seize back the powers the military grabbed from his office. Security forces killed 6 suspected militants during raids on hideouts in two villages in northern Sinai. They seized landmines, an anti-aircraft missile, heavy machine-guns and grenades. Separately 3 policemen were killed and four others injured when their car turned over while chasing a group of criminals in central Sinai.
    (AP, 8/12/12)

2012        Aug 14, Egyptian Cabinet ministers and World Bank officials signed off on a $200 million project aimed at creating 250,000 jobs after more than a year of slow economic growth.
    (AP, 8/14/12)
2012        Aug 14, Egypt's security forces exchanged fire with militants in the Sinai peninsula, as the military continued its campaign against Islamists in the lawless region.
    (AFP, 8/14/12)
2012        Aug 14, Egypt opened its border with Hamas-ruled Gaza for a 3-day period ahead of a major Muslim holiday this weekend, but imposed tight restrictions on who can travel and did not say whether it would resume normal border operations. From its side, Hamas also temporarily prevented access to the illegal underground tunnels in a show of goodwill toward Egypt.
    (AP, 8/14/12)

2012        Aug 16, In Egypt a Cairo court charged controversial TV presenter Tawfiq Okasha with suggesting the killing of Pres. Morsi during his nightly TV show. The court also referred the chief editor of el-Dustour daily, Islam Afifi, for his newspaper's harsh criticism of Morsi.
    (AP, 8/17/12)

2012        Aug 18, In Egypt militants wounded three policemen in the Sinai Peninsula in an ambush of their vehicle with a rocket propelled grenade.
    (AFP, 8/18/12)

2012        Aug 23, A Cairo court ordered Islam Afifi, the chief editor of the privately-owned el-Dustour daily newspaper, detained pending trial on charges of insulting Egypt’s president and "spreading lies." Afifi was released from jail just hours later after Pres. Morsi issued a law banning the imprisonment of journalists accused of media-related offenses.
    (AP, 8/23/12)(AP, 8/24/12)

2012        Aug 24, In Egypt some 200 hundred protesters rallied in Tahrir Square to denounce the country's Islamist president and his Muslim Brotherhood group.
    (AP, 8/24/12)

2012        Aug 25, Egyptian security officials said military engineers have blocked 120 tunnels used for smuggling to and from the Gaza Strip since the start of operations in the neighboring Sinai Peninsula.
    (AFP, 8/25/12)
2012        Aug 25, A boat carrying some 40 Egyptian migrants sank off the coast of Libya. Fisherman rescued 33 migrants but 7 remained missing.
    (AFP, 8/27/12)(AFP, 8/28/12)

2012        Aug 26, An Egyptian security official says Egypt has reopened its passenger terminal with the Gaza Strip and resumed normal operations there after nearly three weeks of disruption following a deadly attack on Egyptian soldiers by Islamic militants.
    (AP, 8/26/12)
2012        Aug 26, In Egypt Ibrahim Madhan, a suspected militant, was killed while riding a motorcycle in the Sinai Peninsula some 15 km (9 miles) from the Israeli border.
    (AP, 8/26/12)

2012        Aug 28, Egyptian Deputy Foreign Minister Ramzi Ezzeldin Ramzi formally gave Iran the rotating presidency of the 120-nation Non-Aligned Movement. Iran is currently hosting the weeklong gathering of the 51-year-old group, which ends Aug 31.
    (AP, 8/28/12)

2012        Aug 29, The Egyptian military said that 11 "terrorists" have been killed in its campaign against Islamist militants in the Sinai peninsula. This contradicted earlier claims of having killed 20 militants in helicopter strikes.
    (AFP, 8/29/12)
2012        Aug 29, Egyptian prosecutors said they have charged Safwat el-Sherif, former Pres. Mubarak's minister of information for nearly two decades,  with corruption. An official said he had illegally appropriated villas, lands and apartments originally owned by the state and had also received gifts worth millions of Egyptian pounds from chief editors in the state media in return for keeping them in their positions.
    (AP, 8/29/12)

2012        Aug 30, Egypt’s Pres. Mohammed Morsi urged the world to support the rebels in Syria as he spoke in Tehran before an int’l. meeting of nonaligned nations.
    (SFC, 8/31/12, p.A3)

2012        Aug 31, Egyptian police found the decapitated head in Sinai of Manazil Bereikat, kidnapped by Islamist militants, reportedly for his role in assassinating an extremist. He was from the same tribe of Ibrahim Ouda Bereikat, an extremist killed in a mysterious explosion near the Israeli border on August 26.
    (AFP, 8/31/12)

2012        Sep 1, Egyptian authorities arrested Hamada Abou Shita, a militant wanted for his alleged role in planning and carrying out deadly attacks last year on a police station and a bank in the Sinai Peninsula. A court sentenced Abu Shita to death in absentia on Aug. 14 for his alleged part in the 2011 attacks.
    (AP, 9/1/12)

2012        Sep 2, Egypt's state TV lifted a decades-long ban on veiled female news presenters whom successive secular-leaning regimes have barred from going on air.
    (AP, 9/2/12)

2012        Sep 6, Egypt's PM Hesham Kandil said Qatar has agreed to invest $18 billion in Egypt over the next five years to help boost the country's ailing economy.
    (AP, 9/6/12)
2012        Sep 6, A Cairo court found four senior policemen not guilty of the killing of protesters during last year's popular uprising, the latest acquittal of officials charged in connection to the 850 deaths caused by the crackdown.
    (AP, 9/6/12)

2012        Sep 7, Egypt's national air carrier said it will resume international flights after the airline's flight attendants suspended a 12-hour strike pending negotiations to meet their grievances.
    (AP, 9/8/12)

2012        Sep 9, In Egypt about 150 tour guides demonstrated outside Cairo's famed Egyptian Museum. They said the lack of security and increased lawlessness, which has plagued much of Egypt following the toppling of Mubarak, has exposed them to attacks from vendors and competitors and further complicates attempts to lure tourists back.
    (AP, 9/10/12)

2012        Sep 11, Egyptian protesters scaled the walls of the US embassy in Cairo, tore down the American flag and burned it during a protest over what they said was a film being produced in the United States that insulted Prophet Mohammad.
    (Reuters, 9/11/12)

2012        Sep 13, An Egyptian court convicted former prime minister Ahmed Nazif on corruption charges and sentenced him to three years in prison. Nazif was also fined 4.5 million Egyptian pounds, or about $750,000. Nazif was already serving a seven-year term for his role in awarding contracts for supplying new car license plates without going through legal procedures.
    (AP, 9/13/12)
2012        Sep 13, In Egypt Alber Saber was arrested after neighbors complained he had shared on Facebook the amateur film made in the US that sparked protests across the Muslim world. His arrest came during a wave of public outrage over the film, produced by an Egyptian-American Copt. On Dec 12 a Cairo court convicted and sentenced Saber to three years in prison for blasphemy and contempt of religion.
    (AP, 12/13/12)

2012        Sep 14, In Egypt a 20-year-old died from wounds suffered from rubber bullets. Several hundred protesters have been clashing for several days with police preventing them from reaching the US embassy to protest against an anti-Muslim film. In Egypt's Sinai Peninsula suspected Islamic militants stormed the base of int’l. peacekeepers near the Gaza-Israel border, wounding four officers.
    (AP, 9/14/12)

2012        Sep 16, The CEO of EL AL Airlines said Israel's national airline will stop flying to Cairo, even though the Israel-Egypt peace treaty mandates flights to the country. Eliezer Shkedi said that flights are nearly empty, and the airline cannot afford the high security and operating costs.
    (AP, 9/16/12)
2012        Sep 16, Sudan's President Omar al-Bashir arrived in Egypt for a state visit, even though he is wanted for arrest by the International Criminal Court.
    (AP, 9/16/12)

2012        Sep 18, Egypt's general prosecutor issued arrest warrants for seven Egyptian Coptic Christians and a Florida-based American pastor and referred them to trial on charges linked to an anti-Islam film that has sparked riots across the Muslim world. The prosecutor's office said the seven men and one woman, all of whom are believed to be outside of Egypt, are charged with harming national unity, insulting and publicly attacking Islam and spreading false information.
    (AFP, 9/18/12)

2012        Sep 22, Egypt’s chief forensic doctor said in a published interview that  former Pres. Hosni Mubarak has never suffered a stroke and that he is not in critical condition.
    (SSFC, 9/23/12, p.A6)
2012        Sep 22, Qatar said it will make critical investments in a $3.7 billion oil refinery project in Egypt that's among the biggest economic initiatives since the 2011 fall of Hosni Mubarak.
    (AP, 9/22/12)

2012        Sep 24, An Egyptian court sentenced 14 Salafists to death by hanging and four to life imprisonment for attacks last year on army and police in the Sinai.
    (Reuters, 9/24/12)(Economist, 9/29/12, p.55)

2012        Sep 25, An Egyptian court convicted three Islamists of killing a student this summer as he sat in a quiet park with his fiancée, sentencing them to 15 years in prison in a case that sparked fears of vigilantes trying to enforce strict religious mores.
    (AP, 9/25/12)

2012        Sep 27, An Egyptian court upheld a six-year jail sentence for Michelle Bishoy, also known as Bishoy el-Behiri, a Coptic Christian school teacher convicted of insulting Islam and the country's Islamist president in postings on Facebook.
    (AP, 9/27/12)

2012        Oct 1, Egypt's doctors began a partial strike, abstaining from offering non-emergency services in public hospitals to protest run-down facilities and meager wages.
    (AP, 10/1/12)

2012        Oct 4, An Egyptian court convicted Ahmed Ezz, a Hosni Mubarak-era steel magnate, of money laundering, sentencing him to seven years in prison and fining him 19.5 billion Egyptian pounds (about $3 billion). Ezz was already serving a 10-year sentence for a corruption conviction last year.
    (AP, 10/4/12)

2012        Oct 8, Egypt's new Pres. Mohammed Morsi issued a decree pardoning all those charged with or convicted of acts "in support of the revolution" since the beginning of the popular uprising that forced Hosni Mubarak from power.
    (AP, 10/8/12)
2012        Oct 8, In Egypt a troop carrier overturned on a mountain road in the Sinai Peninsula early today, killing at least 21 members of the security forces stationed on the border with Israel.
    (AP, 10/8/12)

2012        Oct 10, An Egyptian court acquitted 24 loyalists of ousted President Hosni Mubarak who had been accused of organizing one of the most dramatic attacks on protesters during last year's uprising, the "Camel Battle," in which assailants on horses and camels charged into crowds in Cairo's Tahrir Square. The Feb. 2, 2011 assault left nearly a dozen people killed.
    (AP, 10/10/12)
2012        Oct 10, In southern Egypt Abu Bakar, a teacher in Luxor province, punished two 12-year-old schoolgirls for not wearing the Muslim headscarf by cutting their hair. On Nov 6 Bakar was given a 6-month suspended sentence for childe abuse and fined $8.
    (AP, 10/17/12)(AP, 11/6/12)

2012        Oct 12, In Egypt Liberal and leftist groups had called a protest to demand more action from Pres. Morsi after his first 100 days in office. Morsi's supporters called for a separate rally to demand judicial independence following the acquittals of Mubarak loyalists on Oct 10. A melee erupted after Morsi's supporters stormed the activists' stage at Cairo's Tahrir Square, angered by chants from the opposition they perceived as insults to the president.
    (AP, 10/12/12)

2012        Oct 13, Egypt's prosecutor general defied a presidential decision to remove him from his post, entering his office in a downtown Cairo courthouse flanked by security and hundreds of judicial officials. President Morsi had ordered Abdel-Meguid Mahmoud to step down in an apparent bid to appease public anger over the acquittals of ex-regime officials accused of orchestrating violence against protesters last year. Morsi backed down from his decision to remove Mahmoud, keeping him in his post and sidestepping a potential clash with the country's powerful judiciary.
    (AP, 10/13/12)

2012        Oct 17, In Egypt a top parliamentarian suspended the editor-in-chief of a state-owned newspaper for publishing a report deemed an offense to the military.
    (AP, 10/18/12)

2012        Oct 19, In Egypt the political party of the powerful Muslim Brotherhood elected Saad el-Katatny, a former speaker of parliament, as the new leader the Freedom and Justice Party to replace Mohammed Morsi, who resigned from the post after winning the country's presidential election. Several thousand protesters rallied in Cairo to demand the president and his Muslim Brotherhood supporters ensure the country's constitution represents all factions of society.
    (AP, 10/19/12)

2012        Oct 23, Egypt's security forces intercepted a group of smugglers bringing in weapons from Libya.
    (AP, 10/24/12)

2012        Oct 24, In Egypt Karim el-Azizi (35) detonated an explosive device after briefly exchanging gunfire with security forces that had surrounded his building in Cairo's northern suburb of Nasr City. The Libyan national, linked to the Sep 11 deadly attack on the US Consulate, had turned his rented apartment into a small weapons cache before he died. Security forces arrested four other men in a nearby suburb describing them as part of a terrorist cell.
    (AP, 10/25/12)

2012        Nov 3, Egypt’s antiquities ministry says that Czech archaeologists have unearthed the 4,500-year-old tomb of a Pharaonic princess south of Cairo. Princess Shert Nebti's burial site is surrounded by the tombs of four high officials from the Fifth Dynasty dating to around 2,500 BC in the Abu Sir complex near the famed step pyramid of Saqqara.
    (AP, 11/3/12)

2012        Nov 3, In Egypt suspected Islamic militants ambushed police in the northern Sinai Peninsula killing three in El-Arish.
    (SSFC, 11/4/12, p.A4)

2012        Nov 4, Egypt's ancient Coptic Christian church named a new pope. Bishop Tawadros will be ordained Nov. 18 as Pope Tawadros II.
    (AP, 11/4/12)

2012        Nov 6, In Egypt gunmen shot and critically injured Selim Said el-Gamal, a senior security official, in the country's turbulent northern Sinai region.
    (AP, 11/6/12)

2012        Nov 7, Egypt's top prosecutor ordered government ministries to enforce a ban on pornographic websites, three years after a court denounced the sites as "venomous and vile." The order followed a protest by ultraconservative Salafis.
    (AP, 11/7/12)

2012        Nov 10, In Egypt two trains traveling south of Cairo collided, killing at least four people. An error by a switch operator is believed to have caused the accident.
    (AP, 11/10/12)

2012        Nov 16, Thousands of Egyptians protested against Israel's offensive in the Gaza Strip as Egypt's prime minister visited the Palestinian enclave in a symbolic show of support for the territory's Hamas rulers.
    (AP, 11/16/12)

2012        Nov 17, In southern Egypt a speeding train crashed into a bus carrying children to their kindergarten, killing 48 children and 3 adults. On Jun2 29, 2013, a court sentenced two railway workers to ten years in prison over the train crash which left 52 people dead.
    (AP, 11/17/12)(AP, 6/29/13)

2012        Nov 20, In Egypt youth activist Gaber Salah was shot in the neck in Cairo in clashes that started a day earlier, the first anniversary of the deadly confrontation between police and demonstrators known as "Mohammed Mahmoud."
    (AP, 11/21/12)

2012        Nov 21, Egypt’s President Mohammed Morsi mediated a cease-fire between Israelis and Palestinians to end eight days of fierce fighting. The cease-fire deal included agreement to open all border crossings with the Gaza Strip, including with Egypt.
    (AP, 11/22/12)
2012        Nov 21, Egyptian protesters firebombed one of the offices of satellite broadcaster Al-Jazeera and attacked a police chief who tried to negotiate an end to three days of violent protests in central Cairo. Security officials said that authorities have confiscated trucks carrying explosive warheads and a variety of small-arms ammunition smuggled from Libya.
    (AP, 11/21/12)

2012        Nov 22, In Egypt Pres. Mohammed Morsi granted himself sweeping new powers that critics fear can allow him to be a virtual dictator. The temporary decrees included exempting himself from judicial review, as well as a panel writing the new constitution and the upper house of parliament, and the power to enact any other measure he deemed necessary to deal with a "threat" to Egypt's "revolution." Morsi sacked the prosecutor general and ordered a retrial of officials appointed by former Pres. Mubarak.
    (AP, 11/23/12)(SSFC, 11/25/12, p.A4)
2012        Nov 22, The top leader of Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood denounced peace efforts with Israel and urged holy war to liberate Palestinian territories.
    (AP, 11/22/12)
2012        Nov 22, An Egyptian court cleared two policemen of killing protesters during the Jan 28, 2011, uprising that led to toppling Hosni Mubarak.
    (AP, 11/22/12)

2012        Nov 23, In Egypt opponents and supporters of Mohammed Morsi clashed across the country, the day after the president granted himself sweeping new powers. At least 15 were reported injured.
    (AP, 11/23/12)

2012        Nov 24, Egypt's highest body of judges slammed a recent decision by the president to grant himself near-absolute power, calling the move an "unprecedented assault" on the judiciary. Several hundred protesters remained in Cairo's Tahrir Square, where a number of tents have been erected in a sit-in following nearly a week of clashes with riot police.
    (AP, 11/24/12)

2012        Nov 27, In Egypt thousands flocked to Cairo's central Tahrir square for a protest against Pres. Morsi in a significant test of whether the opposition can rally the street behind it in a confrontation aimed at forcing the Islamist leader to rescind decrees that granted him near absolute powers.
    (AP, 11/27/12)

2012        Nov 28, Egypt's two highest appeals courts suspended their work to protest presidential decrees that gave the country's Islamist leader Mohammed Morsi nearly absolute powers, state television reported.
    (AP, 11/28/12)
2012        Nov 28, An Egyptian court convicted in absentia seven Egyptian Coptic Christians and a Florida-based American pastor and sentenced them to death on charges linked to an anti-Islam film that had sparked riots in parts of the Muslim world.
    (AP, 11/28/12)

2012        Nov 30, In Egypt Islamists approved a draft constitution without the participation of liberal and Christian members, seeking to pre-empt a court ruling that could dissolve their panel with a rushed, marathon vote that further inflames the conflict between the opposition and President Mohammed Morsi. Up to 200,000 people packed the streets of Cairo alone, vowing to bring down a draft constitution approved by allies of Pres.  Morsi, and demanding he repeal the decrees that neutralized the judiciary.
    (AP, 11/30/12)(AP, 12/1/12)

2012        Dec 1, In Egypt tens of thousands of people waving Egyptian flags and hoisting large pictures of Pres. Morsi demonstrated across the country in support of him and Islamic law.
    (AP, 12/1/12)

2012        Dec 2, Egypt's top court said it was suspending its work indefinitely to protest "psychological and physical pressures" after supporters of the country's Islamist president prevented judges from entering the courthouse to rule on the legitimacy of a disputed constitutional assembly.
    (AP, 12/2/12)

2012        Dec 4, Thousands of Egyptians massed in Cairo for a march to the presidential palace to protest the assumption by the nation's Islamist president of nearly unrestricted powers and a draft constitution hurriedly adopted by his allies. Several independent Egyptian newspapers suspended publication. The media protest involved at least eight influential dailies and was part of a planned campaign of civil disobedience.
    (AP, 12/4/12)

2012        Dec 5, Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi's supporters and opponents clashed outside the presidential palace in Cairo, pelting each other with rocks and fighting with sticks. At least 5 people were killed.
    (AP, 12/5/12)(Econ, 12/8/12, p.51)

2012        Dec 6, Egypt's Republican Guard ordered protesters supporting and opposing President Mohammed Morsi to leave the area around the presidential palace after overnight clashes in Cairo between supporters and opponents of Egypt's Islamist leader killed at least five people.
    (AP, 12/6/12)

2012        Dec 7, Thousands of Egyptians took to the streets after midday prayers in rival rallies and marches across Cairo, as the standoff deepened over what opponents call the Islamist president's power grab, raising the specter of more violence.
    (AP, 12/7/12)

2012        Dec 9, Egypt's liberal opposition called for more protests, seeking to keep up the momentum of its street campaign. Morsi overnight annulled his Nov. 22 decrees that gave him near unrestricted powers, but refused to rescind a draft constitution going to a referendum on Dec 15.
    (AP, 12/9/12)

2012        Dec 10, The Egyptian military assumed joint responsibility with the police for security and protecting state institutions until the results of a Dec 15 constitutional referendum are announced.
    (AP, 12/10/12)

2012        Dec 11, In Egypt masked gunmen attacked anti-Morsi protesters in Cairo's central Tahrir Square before dawn, firing birdshot at them and wounding nine. Thousands of opponents and supporters of Egypt's Islamist president staged rival rallies in the nation's Cairo.
    (AP, 12/11/12)

2012        Dec 12, Egypt's opposition alliance urged supporters to vote "No" in the referendum on a disputed constitution rather than boycotting, hours after the Islamist government forged ahead by starting overseas voting in diplomatic missions for expatriates. The full referendum was initially scheduled to take place on Dec 15, but in a last minute decree on Dec 11, Morsi ordered the voting stretched into another round on Dec 22.
    (AP, 12/12/12)

2012        Dec 14, Egyptian Islamists clashed with opponents of a draft constitution in the Mediterranean city of Alexandria after an ultraconservative cleric called on worshippers to approve the charter in a referendum.
    (AP, 12/14/12)

2012        Dec 15, Egyptians lined up to vote on a draft constitution after weeks of turmoil that have left them deeply divided between Islamist supporters of the charter and those who fear it will usher in religious rule. Some 1,500 Egyptian women blocked a main road in the Mediterranean port city of Alexandria, claiming a judge prevented them from voting on the draft constitution because they weren't veiled. A 64% majority approved the draft constitution.
    (AP, 12/15/12)(Econ, 7/13/13, SR p.15)

2012        Dec 16, Key Egyptian rights groups called for a repeat of the first round of the constitutional referendum, alleging the vote was marred by widespread violations.
    (AP, 12/16/12)

2012        Dec 18, Egypt's prosecutor general Talaat Abdullah submitted his resignation less than a month after he was swiftly sworn in by the Islamist president, who is embroiled in a power struggle with the judiciary. Hundreds of public prosecutors staged a sit-in outside Abdullah's office in Cairo. The State Council of Judges said it will not oversee the second part of the vote on the draft constitution.
    (AP, 12/18/12)

2012        Dec 20, Talaat Abdullah, Egypt's top prosecutor, retracted his resignation, a decision that could cause a new uproar in the country after he was accused of pressuring a judge not to release protesters opposed to the Islamist president.
    (AP, 12/20/12)

2012        Dec 21, In Egypt Thousands of Islamists clashed with their opponents in Alexandria, on the eve of the second leg of voting on the country's contentious constitution that has deeply polarized the nation.
    (AP, 12/21/12)

2012        Dec 22, Egypt’s Vice President Mahmoud Mekki resigned, saying he realized that politics did not suit his professional background as a judge. Central bank governor, Farouq el-Oqdah, also resigned.
    (AP, 12/22/12)
2012        Dec 22, Egyptians voted in the second and final phase of a referendum on an Islamist-backed constitution that has polarized the nation, with little indication that the result of the vote will end the political crisis in which the country is mired.
    (AP, 12/22/12)

2012        Dec 23, Egypt's opposition called for an investigation into allegations of vote fraud in the referendum on a deeply divisive Islamist-backed constitution after the Muslim Brotherhood, the main group backing the charter, claimed it passed with a 64 percent "yes" vote.
    (AP, 12/23/12)

2012        Dec 26, Egypt's Islamist Pres. Morsi proclaimed the country's newly adopted constitution as the dawning of a "new republic" in a television address, calling on the opposition to join a dialogue with him after a month of violent turmoil and focus on repairing a damaged economy.
    (AP, 12/26/12)

2012        Dec 27, Egypt's chief prosecutor ordered an investigation into the leaders of the country's opposition after a lawyer accused them of incitement to overthrow the regime of newly elected Islamist President Mohammed Morsi.
    (AP, 12/27/12)

2012        Dec 29, An Egyptian security official said that thousands of tons of building materials such as cement and steel are crossing into the Palestinian Gaza Strip, which had previously been under a strict blockade.
    (AP, 12/29/12)

2012        Dec 31, Gunmen drove into Cairo's Tahrir Square before dawnand fired at an anti-government sit-in, seriously wounding a protester who had been jailed and tortured by former military rulers after he witnessed the killing of another activist.
    (AP, 12/31/12)

2012        Steven Cook authored “The Struggle for Egypt: From Nasser to Tahrir Square."
    (Econ, 2/25/12, p.96)
2012        Ahdaf Soueif authored “Cairo: My City, Our Revolution."
    (Econ, 1/28/12, p.81)

2013        Jan 5, In Egypt unidentified gunmen shot and killed an Egyptian policeman in northern Sinai's main city of el-Arish.
    (AP, 1/6/13)

2013        Jan 9, The fiercest winter storm to hit the Mideast in years brought a rare foot of snow to Jordan, caused fatal accidents in Lebanon and the West Bank, and disrupted traffic on the Suez Canal in Egypt. At least eight people died across the region.
    (AP, 1/9/13)

2013        Jan 11, In Egypt Islamist militants attacked a police patrol along a pipeline in the Sinai Peninsula that transports natural gas to Jordan, wounding seven policemen.
    (AP, 1/11/13)

2013        Jan 12, An Egyptian court ordered a religious TV program hosted by a fiery preacher off the air on charges of libeling and defaming a well-known actress. It was one of three legal reverses suffered by Islamists today in cases dealing with the media.
    (AP, 1/12/13)
2013        Jan 12, In Egypt a dozen masked attackers fired birdshot late today at protesters who have camped outside the presidential palace in Cairo for the past month, wounding several along with security forces standing watch nearby.
    (AP, 1/12/13)

2013        Jan 13, In Egypt an appeals court overturned Hosni Mubarak's life sentence and ordered a retrial of the ousted president for failing to prevent the killing of hundreds of protesters during the uprising that toppled his regime.
    (AP, 1/13/13)

2013        Jan 15, In Egypt a train wreck killed 19 soldiers and injured over 100 others. The last carriage of the train disconnected, jumped the tracks and crashed into another train 20 km (12 miles) south of Cairo. Three workers were later sentenced to two years of hard labor for the crash.
    (AP, 1/15/13)(SSFC, 5/5/13, p.A5)
2013        Jan 15, A Saudi court convicted an Egyptian human rights lawyer for smuggling drugs into the kingdom. He was sentenced to five years in prison and 300 lashes. The case of Ahmed el-Gezawi caused an outcry in Egypt where rights groups claimed he was initially detained in April 2012 for criticizing the kingdom's monarch. They claimed he confessed to the smuggling charges under duress.
    (AP, 1/15/13)

2013        Jan 16, An Egyptian prosecutor said ousted President Hosni Mubarak and his family paid back 18 million Egyptian pounds ($3 million) for gifts they received from a state newspaper while he was still in office.
    (AP, 1/16/13)
2013        Jan 16, In Egypt an 8-story apartment building collapsed, killing 26 people in the Mediterranean port city of Alexandria — the second tragic accident in the country as many days.
    (AP, 1/16/13)(AP, 1/17/13)

2013        Jan 18, Egyptian police fired tear gas to disperse hundreds of Muslim protesters outside a church in Qena province. 4 shops owned by Coptic Christians were torched overnight after Marashda villagers accused one of the store owners of molesting a 6-year-old girl.
    (AP, 1/18/13)

2013        Jan 19, Egyptian riot police fired tear gas to disperse demonstrators throwing stones outside an Alexandria courtroom where the city's ex-security director and other officers are on trial for the killing of protesters during the 2011 uprising. A criminal court invoked a presidential amnesty and dismissed charges against 379 people accused of taking part in deadly clashes with police.
    (AP, 1/19/13)

2013        Jan 20, In Egypt overnight clashes between police and residents of a district just north of Cairo left four people dead and 12 wounded. The clashes began when a bystander in Shubra al-Kheima was hit by a stray bullet fired by police chasing a suspected drug dealer. Gunmen raided a post office in the Nile Delta town of Kafr el-Dawar, killing a police guard before making away with 2 million pounds (around $300,000). A courthouse went up in flames in Alexandria during a 2nd straight day of clashes between protesters and riot police.
    (AP, 1/20/13)

2013        Jan 21, In Egypt a speeding truck collided with a minibus on a highway in the country's south, killing 14 people and injuring 13 others.
    (AP, 1/21/13)

2013        Jan 24, Egyptian riot police fired tear gas and clashed with dozens of protesters who were trying to tear down a cement wall built to prevent demonstrators from reaching parliament and the Cabinet building. A video was posted online showing youths dressed in black marching in lines in the Mediterranean city of Alexandria. "We are the Black Bloc ... seeking people's liberation, the fall of corruption and the toppling of the tyrant," proclaimed the video.
    (AP, 1/24/13)(AP, 1/28/13)

2013        Jan 25, Egypt’s schism was on display as the mainly liberal and secular opposition held rallies saying the goals of the pro-democracy uprising have not been met and denouncing Islamist President Mohammed Morsi. At least 11 people were killed as tens of thousands took to the streets to deliver an angry backlash against Morsi and his Muslim Brotherhood.
    (AP, 1/25/13)(AP, 1/27/13)

2013        Jan 26, In Egypt violence left 37 people dead in Port Said after a judge sentenced 21 people to death in connection with a Feb. 1 soccer melee that killed 74 fans of the Cairo-based Al-Ahly team.
    (AP, 1/26/13)(AP, 1/27/13)

2013        Jan 27, In Egypt clashes broke out in Cairo for a 4th straight day, with protesters and police near central Tahrir Square, birthplace of the 2011 uprising. Police fired tear gas as protesters pelted them with rocks. Pres. Morsi declared a 30-day state of emergency and night curfew in the three Suez Canal provinces hit hardest by the wave of violence that has left more than 50 dead in three days.
    (AP, 1/27/13)

2013        Jan 28, In Egypt  riot police fired tear gas at rock-throwing protesters in central Cairo, and one protester died of gunshot wounds. Egypt's main opposition coalition rejected the Islamist president's call for dialogue unless their conditions are met.
    (AP, 1/28/13)

2013        Jan 30, In Egypt two protesters were killed in clashes in Cairo's Tahrir Square and its surroundings. Mohamed ElBaradei, Egypt's liberal opposition leader, called for a broad national dialogue with the Islamist government, all political factions and the powerful military.
    (AP, 1/30/13)
2013        Jan 30, Egypt's Islamist Pres. Morsi, on a one-day visit to Berlin to seek support to rebuild a crumbling Egyptian economy, turned aside repeated criticism of his past comments referring to Jews as "the descendants of apes and pigs," insisting that the remarks were taken out of context and were aimed at criticizing Israeli attacks on Palestinians.
    (AP, 1/3o/13)

2013        Jan 31, Egypt’s opposition National Salvation Front held a meeting with Pres. Morsi's Muslim Brotherhood under the aegis of Egypt's premier Islamic institution, Al-Azhar, in their first ever meeting. They and other politicians signed a joint statement denouncing violence.
    (AP, 2/1/13)
2013        Jan 31, The United Nations demanded that Egyptian authorities act to bring perpetrators of sexual assaults to justice, saying it had reports of 25 sexual assaults on women in Tahrir rallies over the past week.
    (AP, 2/2/13)

2013        Feb 1, Thousands of Egyptians marched across the country, chanting against the rule of the Islamist President Mohammed Morsi, in a fresh wave of protests. Protesters denouncing Pres. Morsi hurled stones and firebombs through the gates of his palace gates, clashing with security forces who fired tear gas and water cannons. Video footage showed at least seven black-clad riot police beating Hamada Saber (48), whose pants are down around his ankles, with sticks before dragging him along the muddy pavement and tossing him into a police van.
    (AP, 2/1/13)(AP, 2/2/13)

2013        Feb 2, An Egyptian court sentenced Habib al-Adly, the country's former interior minister, to three years in prison after finding him guilty of abusing his position in power by forcing police conscripts to work on his mansion and land outside Cairo. The Giza court also convicted former riot police chief Hassan Abdel-Hamid of authorizing the illegal labor and sentenced him to three years in prison. Several thousand anti-government demonstrators marched again on the presidential palace denouncing the police and Islamist President Mohammed Morsi. Over 50 people have been killed in violence over the last 10 days.
    (AP, 2/2/13)(AP, 2/3/13)(SSFC, 2/3/13, p.A3)

2013        Feb 3, In Egypt street vendor Omar Salah (12) was killed during clashes near Tahrir Square. Activists soon accused the government of trying to cover up the death. On Feb 14 the government made a rare admission and apology for mistakenly shooting and killing the boy.
    (AP, 2/14/13)

2013        Feb 4, An Egyptian opposition party claimed police tortured one of its members to death, electrocuting him and beating him repeatedly on the head. Activist Mohammed el-Gindy (28) died of his wounds early today at a Cairo hospital. He had disappeared after a protest and turned up in a hospital in a coma with bruises and internal bleeding. Security officials denied responsibility.
    (AP, 2/4/13)(AP, 2/14/13)

2013        Feb 5, Iran’s Pres. Mahmoud Ahmadinejad began a three-day visit to Egypt, centered around an Islamic summit. He said his country is ready to provide a "big credit line" to help revive the distressed economy of Egypt.
    (AP, 2/6/13)

2013        Feb 6, In Egypt more than 25 prime ministers and presidents began a two-day summit of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation in Cairo. Leaders of Muslim countries offered conflicting approaches to the crises in Mali and Syria, exposing some of the deep divisions that run through the Islamic world.
    (AP, 2/6/13)

2013        Feb 7, Egypt's PM Hesham Kandil condemned religious edicts by hardline Muslim clerics calling for the killing of opposition leaders and said the government is considering legal action against them. Kandil faced uproar, derision and even lawsuits after he blamed health problems of babies in impoverished villages on nursing mothers who "out of ignorance" don't clean their breasts and talked of village women getting raped in the fields.
    (AP, 2/7/13)
2013        Feb 7, In Egypt an Islamic summit urged Syrian opposition forces and members of Pres. Bashar Assad's regime, whose hands are not tainted by violence, to hold talks to try to resolve the nation's civil war.
    (AP, 2/7/13)

2013        Feb 8, Thousands of Egyptians staged rallies in cities across the country to denounce the rule of Islamist President Mohammed Morsi and his fundamentalist Muslim Brotherhood.
    (AP, 2/8/13)

2013        Feb 9, A Cairo court ordered the government to block access to the video-sharing website YouTube for 30 days for carrying an anti-Islam film that caused deadly riots across the world. The ruling can be appealed and based on precedent may not be enforced.
    (AP, 2/9/13)

2013        Feb 11, Egypt’s Senior Scholars Authority elected Shawki Ibrahim Abdel-Karim, a professor in Islamic jurisprudence, as Grand Mufti. Previously, the Grand Mufti was appointed by the president. Security forces sprayed protesters with water hoses and tear gas outside the presidential palace as Egyptians marked the 2nd anniversary of the fall of Hosni Mubarak's with demonstrations against his elected successor.   
    (AP, 2/11/13)

2013        Feb 12, In Egypt hundreds of low-ranking policemen held protests demanding they not be used as a tool for political oppression in the country's ongoing turmoil.
    (AP, 2/12/13)

2013        Feb 14, Egypt's aviation minister said the hiring of President Mohammed Morsi's son to a highly-paid government job was justified, dismissing accusations of nepotism. On Feb 16 the head of Egypt's holding company for airports and aviation said Morsi's son has applied for a job that pays $133 a month starting salary.
    (AP, 2/14/13)(AP, 2/16/13)

2013        Feb 16, Egypt’s interior ministry announced a move to purchase 100,000 new 9mm pistols for police officers. This ended 5 days of strikes by police demanding greater firepower under increasing lawlessness.
    (SSFC, 2/17/13, p.A4)
2013        Feb 16, A court in Egypt ordered a TV channel that airs belly dancing clips off the air for showing "sexually explicit" content and operating without a broadcast license.
    (AP, 2/16/13)

2013        Feb 17, In Egypt thousands of soccer fans enforced a work stoppage in the city of Port Said to protest "injustices" by the government, disrupting rail services and forcefully evicting workers from their factories and the provincial government's offices.
    (AP, 2/17/13)

2013        Feb 19, In Egypt hundreds of protesters in Port Said pressured government employees to leave work early as they enforced the third day of a general strike.
    (AP, 2/19/13)
2013        Feb 19, Gaza Strip's Hamas government and local smugglers accused Egypt of flooding cross-border tunnels with sewage water in order to halt a thriving smuggling trade. Egyptian engineers began flooding the tunnels in late January.
    (AP, 2/19/13)(Econ, 3/9/13, p.41)

2013        Feb 24, In Egypt thousands of brick workers blocked railroad tracks from a southern city to Cairo for a second day to protest rising industrial oil prices, causing the cancellation of some services. Residents of Port Said pressed their general strike which entered its second week.
    (AP, 2/24/13)

2013        Feb 26, In Egypt a hot air balloon flying over the ancient city of Luxor caught fire and crashed into a sugar cane field, killing at least 19 foreign tourists. The pilot, who sustained severe burns, and a British tourist were the only survivors.
    (AP, 2/26/13)(AP, 3/2/13)

2013        Feb 27, Egyptian authorities confiscated two pick-up trucks carrying 60 anti-tank missiles smuggled across the border from Libya.
    (AP, 2/27/13)

2013        Feb 28, In Egypt dozens of Muslim residents threw firebombs and rocks at police as they tried to storm a church in southern Egypt in search of a woman suspected of converting to Christianity in the town of Kom Ombo. Tensions rose after a 36 year-old Muslim woman, who has been missing for five days, was allegedly seen outside the church with a female Christian friend. The woman was reported found on Feb 2 and police said that "family and social reasons," not religion, were behind her disappearance, and that she had not converted.
    (AP, 3/1/13)(AP, 3/3/13)

2013        Mar 2, In Egypt  Hossam Eldin Abdullah Abdelazim, was killed when an armored police vehicle crushed him to death during clashes between protesters and police in Mansoura. A police car in Port Said hit five protesters along a main road and sped off. The violence came as US Secretary of State John Kerry was in Cairo talking with opposition figures ahead of his meeting with the president and defense minister on March 3.
    (AP, 3/2/13)
2013        Mar 2, A Libyan security official said 50 Egyptians, who were arrested in Benghazi last week for allegedly spreading Christianity, are being charged with illegally entering and working in the country and will be deported.
    (AP, 3/2/13)

2013        Mar 3, In Cairo, Egypt, US Secretary of State John Kerry rewarded Egypt for President Mohammed Morsi's pledges of political and economic reforms by releasing $250 million in American aid to support the country's "future as a democracy."
    (AP, 3/3/13)
2013        Mar 3, In Port Said, Egypt, fighting throughout the day killed two policemen and three civilians as protesters pelted police forces with rocks and fire bombs and the force responded with tear gas, and birdshots.
    (AP, 3/4/13)

2013        Mar 4, Israel's Agriculture Ministry set up an emergency hotline as swarms of the destructive locusts descended on neighboring Egypt and asked Israelis to be vigilant in reporting sightings to prevent an outbreak.
    (AP, 3/4/13)

2013        Mar 5, In Egypt a Cairo court convicted a police sniper for attacks on anti-government protesters and sentenced him to three years in prison. Police officer Mahmoud el-Shenawi became known as the "eye sniper" after he was shown in footage on social networking sites allegedly firing at protesters in the Egyptian capital and aiming for their eyes.
    (AP, 3/5/13)

2013        Mar 6, An Egyptian administrative court ordered the suspension of parliamentary elections scheduled to begin next month, throwing the country's politics deeper into confusion. In Port Said military police deployed around a government complex where demonstrators have been camped out for weeks.
    (AP, 3/6/13)
2013        Mar 6, An Egyptian court convicted Ahmed Ezz, a Mubarak-era steel magnate, of profiteering and squandering public funds. He was sentenced to 37 years in prison and fined $296 million. Ezz was already serving a 17-year sentence for graft and money laundering.
    (SFC, 3/7/13, p.A2)

2013        Mar 7, Egyptian policemen protested for a 4th day in several cities across the country, refusing orders to work and accusing officials of trying to politicize the force.
    (AP, 3/7/13)(SFC, 3/8/13, p.A2)

2013        Mar 8, Egypt's police forces withdrew from the streets of Port Said on the Suez Canal, handing over security to the military after nearly a week of deadly clashes that have killed 8 people, including 2 security officials.
    (AP, 3/8/13)

2013        Mar 9, An Egyptian court confirmed the death sentences against 21 people for taking part in a Feb, 2012, deadly soccer riot but acquitted 7 police officials for their alleged role in the violence. Suspected fans enraged by the verdict torched the soccer federation headquarters and a police club in Cairo in protest. In unrelated violence, at least 2 protesters were killed in clashes between riot police and demonstrators throwing stones on a Nile-side street in central Cairo.
    (AP, 3/9/13)

2013        Mar 10, Egypt's top prosecutor encouraged citizens to arrest anyone breaking the law or committing a crime. This stoked fears of vigilante groups taking over police duties at a time of growing tension and lawlessness.
    (AP, 3/11/13)
2013        Mar 10, An Egyptian Foreign Ministry official said a man suspected of trying to spread Christianity in Libya has died in prison there. The diplomat said Ezzat Atallah, who suffered from diabetes and heart ailments, likely died of natural causes.
    (AP, 3/10/13)

2013        Mar 13, In Egypt a leaked report concluded that police were behind the killing of nearly 900 protesters in Tahrir Square during the 18-day uprising that began on Jan 25, 2011.
    (SFC, 3/14/13, p.A4)

2013        Mar 14, Egyptian prosecutors charged 38 members of the Ultras, a die-hard soccer fan club, with belonging to an illegal group and other offenses.
    (SFC, 3/15/13, p.A2)

2013        Mar 16, An Egyptian court cleared two former ministers of charges that they sold state lands for cut-rate prices in the country's prized Red Sea resort areas. Zuhair Garana was sentenced to up to eight years in prison and Ahmed Maghrabi received a five-year sentence for guilty verdicts in previous corruption trials.
    (AP, 3/16/13)
2013        Mar 16, Egyptian police fired tear gas to disperse thousands of supporters and opponents of President Morsi during clashes that erupted as he launched development projects in Sohag province, where residents have long complained of being neglected by the central government.
    (AP, 3/16/13)

2013        Mar 17, In Egypt dozens of journalists protested in Cairo against alleged assaults the previous evening on their colleagues by members  of Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood from which President Mohammed Morsi hails.
    (AP, 3/17/13)
2013        Mar 17, Egyptian vigilantes beat two men accused of stealing a motorized rickshaw, stripped them half-naked and hung them by their feet in a crowded bus station in the Nile Delta. Both men died.
    (AP, 3/17/13)

2013        Mar 19, Egyptian security forces arrested Ahmed Ahmed Qaddaf al-Dam, a former Libyan intelligence official and a cousin of former dictator Moammar Gadhafi, following an hours-long siege of his home in Cairo.
    (AP, 3/19/13)
2013        Mar 19, In southern Egypt hundreds of Muslim villagers attacked Christian-owned stores in search of a girl whose family claims was abducted in Bani Suef province. The college-aged girl disappeared around one month ago.
    (AP, 3/19/13)

2013        Mar 21, Villagers in Egypt's Nile Delta killed a man suspected of trying to steal a car in the country's latest incident of vigilante violence, dragging him half-naked and bloody as they kicked and hit him with sticks and fists before tying him to a tree to bleed to death.
    (AP, 3/21/13)

2013        Mar 22, Thousands of Egyptian protesters clashed with riot police and backers of the president's Muslim Brotherhood, ransacking several offices nationwide as anger over allegations of beatings and power-grabbing boiled over into the largest and most violent demonstrations yet on the doorstep of the powerful group.
    (AP, 3/22/13)
2013        Mar 22, In Egypt a Bedouin taxi driver said he was driving two tourists, an Israeli-Arab tourist and a Norwegian female, to the popular Red Sea diving site of Dahab when gunmen ambushed his vehicle and captured them. Ingvild Selvik Ask (31) and Amir Hassan were released on March 26.
    (AP, 3/22/13)(AP, 3/26/13)

2013        Mar 24, Egyptian Foreign Minister Mohammed Amr Kamel said that the Syrian opposition can now send an envoy to the two-day Arab League summit beginning March 26 in Doha..
    (AP, 3/24/13)
2013        Mar 24, Dozens of people from Syrian President Bashar Assad's own minority sect met in Cairo to send an unusual message to their fellow Alawites back home: Join the opposition before it is too late.
    (AP, 3/24/13)

2013        Mar 25, Egypt’s top prosecutor issued arrest warrants for 5 rights activists on suspicion of inciting violence against members of the Muslim Brotherhood.
    (SFC, 3/26/13, p.A2)

2013        Mar 26, Prominent Egyptian blogger Alaa Abdel-Fattah handed himself in to authorities, a day after the country's prosecutor general ordered his arrest over his alleged role in instigating violence during clashes between supporters and opponents of the Islamist president. blogger, Abdel-Fattah was freed following his demand that an investigative judge take over his case.
    (AP, 3/26/13)
2013        Mar 26, Egyptian authorities extradited two Libyan officials from the regime of deposed dictator Moammar Gadhafi back to their home country. Former ambassador to Cairo Ali Maria (71) and ex-official Mohammed Ibrahim Gadhafi (44) were handcuffed after resisting the transfer.
    (AP, 3/26/13)

2013        Mar 27, An Egyptian appeals court annulled a November presidential decree dismissing the country's top prosecutor and ordered him reinstated.
    (AP, 3/27/13)
2013        Mar 27, Egypt's naval forces captured three scuba divers who were trying to cut an undersea Internet cable in the Mediterranean. Telecom executives meanwhile blamed a weeklong Internet slowdown on damage caused to another cable by a ship.
    (AP, 3/27/13)

2013        Mar 29, In northern Egypt clashes erupted in Alexandria and Zagazig, and protesters rallied in Cairo in the latest demonstrations against Islamist President Mohammed Morsi, who claims the recent wave of anti-government unrest is the work of conspirators.
    (AP, 3/29/13)

2013        Mar 30, Egyptian state prosecutors issued an arrest warrant for  Bassem Youssef, a popular TV satirist for allegedly insulting Islam and the country's president.
    (AP, 3/30/13)
2013        Mar 30, Egyptian police detained 13 people including five lawyers, accusing them of assaulting police in the city of Alexandria.
    (AP, 3/30/13)

2013        Apr 1, In Egypt an outbreak of food poisoning at al-Azhar University forced the hospitalization of 479 students. It occurred after a meal served at the university dormitories in Cairo's Nasr City district. The outbreak led to student protests.
    (AP, 4/2/13)
2013        Apr 1, Palestinian militant group Hamas re-elected longtime leader Khaled Mashaal (56) in a vote held in Cairo. He ran unopposed in the vote, winning the support of a majority in Hamas' Shura Council which has about 60 members.
    (AP, 4/2/13)

2013        Apr 3, An Egyptian court ruled against the extradition to Libya of Ahmed Qaddaf al-Dam, a former close aide of Moammar Gadhafi. Al-Dam had coordinated relations between Libya and Egypt for decades.
    (AP, 4/3/13)

2013        Apr 4, Egypt's president began a two-day visit to Sudan aimed at boosting cooperation after deteriorating relations between the two nations under ousted leader Hosni Mubarak.
    (AP, 4/4/13)

2013        Apr 6, In Egypt Clashes between Egyptian Muslims and Christians erupted in Shubra el-Kheima, a suburb north of Cairo, leaving at least five people dead. Attackers doused Saber Helal (26), a Copticf Christian, with gasoline and set him on fire. Helal died of hiw wounds on April 11. Police said the clashes started when young Muslims drew inflammatory symbols on an Islamic institute and a local mosque. Residents had different accounts of what sparked the violence.
    (AP, 4/6/13)(AP, 4/11/13)
2013        Apr 6, A Cairo court dismissed a lawsuit filed by an Islamist lawyer demanding that Bassem Youssef's "ElBernameg," or "The Program,"  TV show be banned for allegedly insulting the president and containing excessive sexual innuendo.
    (AP, 4/6/13)

2013        Apr 7, In Egypt clashes clashes broke out following the funeral of four Christians killed in sectarian violence a day earlier. Two more people were killed and another 89 injured outside Cairo's main Coptic cathedral.
    (AP, 4/8/13)
2013        Apr 7, Egyptian train drivers and conductors announced they were on strike to press demands for better pay. A 10% raise was rejected by the train drivers and conductors as too little.
    (AP, 4/7/13)

2013        Apr 8, In Egypt Dutch journalist Rena Netjes was arrested by Egyptian citizens while reporting in Cairo, accused of being a spy and handed to authorities who detained her overnight.
    (AP, 4/9/13)

2013        Apr 11, Egypt's Islamist-dominated legislature approved a revised version of the law organizing the country's parliamentary elections, after a court ruled an earlier version was invalid and delayed the vote.
    (AP, 4/11/13)

2013        Apr 16, An Egyptian court sentenced policeman Osama el-Kounayassi to 15 years imprisonment for manslaughter for torturing an ultraconservative Salafi Muslim to death. The Salafi was arrested along with other suspects in the aftermath of the bombing on Jan 1, 2011, when at least 21 worshippers were killed while leaving a New Year's Eve mass in Alexandria.
    (AP, 4/16/13)
2013        Apr 16, In Egypt gunmen opened fire on a security convoy in central Sinai, killing a police lieutenant and seriously injuring another policeman before fleeing.
    (AP, 4/16/13)

2013        Apr 17, Militants in Egypt's Sinai Peninsula fired at least two rockets at Israel's southern resort town of Eilat. Nobody was hurt in the attack.
    (AP, 4/17/13)

2013        Apr 19, In Egypt thousands of supporters of Islamist Pres. Morsi took to the streets of Cairo, calling on him to "cleanse the judiciary."
    (AP, 4/19/13)

2013        Apr 21, Egypt's state news agency says that a government legal agency representing President Mohammed Morsi has lost an appeal to reverse a court-ordered suspension of parliamentary elections. Justice Minister Ahmed Mekki submitted his resignation, in a move that signaled strong disapproval of the president's handling of a prolonged showdown with the country's judiciary.
    (AP, 4/21/13)
2013        Apr 21, In Egypt a provincial prosecutor ordered a man flogged 80 times for public drunkenness. Police officers in the southern province of Minya refused to carry out the order. The country's top attorney soon ordered Hussein Anani's decision cancelled and referred him to a judicial investigation.
    (AP, 4/22/13)

2013        Apr 23, In Egypt Fuad Gadallah, the most senior legal advisor to Pres. Morse, resigned, issuing a public letter that cited a lack of vision.
    (Econ, 5/4/13, p.52)
2013        Apr 23, Egypt's state news agency reported that former finance minister Yousef Boutros-Ghali, a nephew of former UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali, was found guilty in absentia of squandering around $3.6 million during his final years in the post.
    (AP, 4/23/13)

2013        Apr 24, Egypt's Islamist-led parliament pushed ahead with a law that could force into retirement many of the nation's most senior judges, despite an uproar by the judiciary over fears the president's allies want to control the courts.
    (AP, 4/24/13)

2013        May 2, Prominent Egyptian activist Ahmed Douma was arrested and immediately referred to trial for allegedly insulting the country's president in a TV interview.
    (AP, 5/2/13)

2013        May 9, Ratings agency Standard & Poor's pushed Egypt's sovereign credit ratings deeper into junk status to CCC+ and C, from B- and B, citing "continued pressure" on foreign reserves.
    (AP, 5/9/13)
2013        May 9, In Egypt American national Christopher Stone was attacked and stabbed outside the US Embassy in Cairo. Police arrested the attacker.
    (AP, 5/9/13)(SFC, 5/10/13, p.A2)

2013        May 10, Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood staged an anti-Israel rally in Cairo, the first such protest by the main backers of President Morsi since they rose to prominence in the wake of the country's 2011 uprising. Ahmed Maher, founder of the April 6 Youth Movement, was arrested at Cairo airport as he returned from a trip to the United States.
    (AP, 5/10/13)(AP, 5/11/13)

2013        May 11, Egypt's interior minister said that security authorities have arrested three suspected al-Qaida-linked militants who were planning to carry out suicide attacks on vital installations and an unspecified foreign embassy. Egypt's top prosecutor ordered the release of Ahmed Maher, founder of the April 6 Youth Movement that was at the forefront of the 2011 revolt that ousted longtime President Hosni Mubarak.
    (AP, 5/11/13)

2013        May 16, In Egypt masked gunmen ambushed two taxis at gunpoint outside the city of el-Arish, the capital of North Sinai governorate, fleeing with four border policemen working at the Rafah crossing, a riot policeman, and a military border guard. A 7th person was also taken captive. All 7 men were released on May 22.
    (AP, 5/16/13)(AP, 5/17/13)(AP, 5/22/13)

2013        May 17, Egyptian security forces fired tear gas at protesters hurling firebombs at them in central Cairo, hours after hundreds of opponents of Egypt's President Mohammed Morsi rallied peacefully in the streets denouncing his rule and demanding early presidential elections.
    (AP, 5/17/13)
2013        May 17, In Egypt dozens of disgruntled border policemen forced the closure of the main crossing point into the Gaza Strip to protest the abduction of their colleagues by suspected militants.
    (AP, 5/17/13)

2013        May 18, In Egypt baggage handlers in Cairo went on strike after a baggage handler who works for EgyptAir died when a conveyer belt used to unload luggage fell on his head. The strike did not disrupt flights.
    (AP, 5/18/13)

2013        May 21, Egypt's president signed a new tax law that cut the amount paid by poorer Egyptians in the latest move aimed at reforming the country's economy.
    (AP, 5/21/13)

2013        May 24, An Egyptian security official said 10 male relatives have killed a mother and her two daughters on suspicion of moral offenses, so-called "honor killings."
    (AP, 5/24/13)

2013        May 31, In Egypt a bus carrying Mexican tourists overturned in the Sinai Peninsula before bursting into flames, killing at least six tourists.
    (AP, 5/31/13)

2013        Jun 3, An Egyptian court official said five foreigners have been sentenced to death after being convinced of drug smuggling. They included a Briton, a Pakistani, and 3 individuals from the Republic of Seychelles.
    (AP, 6/3/13)

2013        Jun 4, An Egyptian court convicted 43 nonprofit workers, including at least 16 Americans, of illegally using foreign funds to foment unrest in the country, sentencing them to up to five years in jail. Nonprofit pro-democracy groups have trained thousands of young Egyptians in political activism and organizing, an education that played a key part in the success of the 2011 uprising that toppled Mubarak.
    (AP, 6/4/13)

2013        Jun 5, Egypt's state-run news agency said the state prosecutor has referred 12 activists including several prominent bloggers to trial on charges of instigating violence during a March demonstration at the headquarters of the Muslim Brotherhood, the Islamist group from which the president hails. A signature drive, known as "Tamarod" or "Rebel" in Arabic, has reportedly collected some 7 million signatures calling for the removal of Egypt's Islamist President Mohammed Morsi.
    (AP, 6/5/13)
2013        Jun 5, In Egypt striking workers at the Cairo international airport's largest terminal blocked airplanes on the tarmac and disrupting flights.
    (AP, 6/5/13)

2013        Jun 9, In Egypt suspected militants shot dead a counterterrorism police officer in the Sinai Peninsula after they swerved in front of his car while he was driving. Maj. Mohammed Abdelaziz (30) managed to kill one of his two assailants in the gunfight in the town of el-Arish.
    (AP, 6/9/13)

2013        Jun 10, Egyptian Prime Minister Hesham Kandil said  the country will work diplomatically, legally and technically to negotiate with Ethiopia over the so-called Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam.
    (AP, 6/10/13)

2013        Jun 13, Egyptian pilots working for the national carrier staged a 10-hour sit-in protest, delaying 22 flights in an effort to press their demands for management changes and bonus payments.
    (AP, 6/13/13)

2013        Jun 15, Egypt’s President Mohammed Morsi told supporters at a Cairo rally that his country is severing ties with Damascus and closing its embassy in the Syrian capital. Morsi also called for a UN endorsed no-fly zone over Syria.
    (AP, 6/16/13)

2013        Jun 16, In Egypt a hard-line Muslim cleric received an 11-year suspended sentence for tearing up and burning a Bible. His son was given a suspended sentence of eight years over the same incident.
    (AP, 6/16/13)

2013        Jun 18, In Egypt clashes erupted in the Nile Delta city of Tanta between supporters and opponents of Pres. Morsi and his Muslim Brotherhood over his appointment of new Islamist governors, some in areas where opponents are strong.
    (AP, 6/19/13)

2013        Jun 19, A state security prosecutor in the United Arab Emirates said 30 Egyptian and UAE suspects have been charged with plotting a coup linked to a network of Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood, in a case likely to further strain relations with Cairo.
    (AP, 6/19/13)

2013        Jun 21, In Egypt tens of thousands of supporters of Islamist Pres. Morsi gathered for a huge rally that filled part of a main boulevard near Cairo's presidential palace in a show of force against opponents demanding his ouster, signs of increasing tension and polarization.
    (AP, 6/21/13)

2013        Jun 23, An Egyptian court said that Muslim Brotherhood members conspired with Hamas, Hezbollah and local militants to storm a prison on Jan 29, 2011, and free 34 Brotherhood leaders, including the future President Mohammed Morsi. Adel el-Khayat, a member of a radical Islamist group appointed by Morsi as governor of the ancient city of Luxor, resigned in the face of daily protests outside his office.
    (AP, 6/23/13)
2013        Jun 23, In Egypt a Shiite prayer leader (66) and 3 followers were bludgeoned to death by a Sunni mob. The attack came after Salafi preachers in the village of Zawiyet Abu Muslim gave a small local Shiite community an ultimatum to leave the town by sundown.
    (AP, 6/24/13)(Econ, 6/29/13, p.45)

2013        Jun 28,  In Egypt thousands of backers of Islamist President Morsi rallied in Cairo in a show of support ahead of planned opposition protests this weekend demanding his removal. In Alexandria two people were killed, including American Andrew Pochter (21), a student from Chevy Chase, Md., working in Egypt as an intern for a non-profit education organization. A home-made hand grenade exploded during a protest against Morsi in Port Said. One person was killed and some 15 wounded.
    (AP, 6/28/13)(Reuters, 6/29/13)(AP, 6/29/13)

2013        Jun 29, In Egypt Mahmoud Badr, a leader of the Tamarod, or rebel, movement said that 22,134,460 Egyptians have signed the petition demanding President Mohammed Morsi's ouster.
    (AP, 6/29/13)
2013        Jun 29, A senior Egyptian police officer was shot dead by unknown gunmen who ambushed his car in the Sinai Peninsula town of El Arish.
    (Reuters, 6/29/13)

2013        Jun 30, In Egypt tens of thousands of opponents of Islamist Pres. Morsi massed in Cairo's Tahrir Square and in cities around the country, launching an all-out push to force him from office on the one-year anniversary of his inauguration. At least 16 people were killed and more than 600 wounded in clashes between supporters and opponents of President Morsi.
    (AP, 6/30/13)(Reuters, 6/30/13)(AP, 7/2/13)

2013        Jul 1, Egypt’s military gave Pres. Morsi a July 3 deadline to resolve the country’s political crises. The military said it would "announce a road map for the future and measures to implement it" if Morsi and its opponents cannot reach a consensus within 48 hours. Protesters stormed and ransacked the Cairo headquarters of President Mohammed Morsi's Muslim Brotherhood group early today as demonstrators geared up for a second day of mass rallies aimed at forcing the Islamist leader from power.
    (AP, 7/2/13)

2013        Jul 2, An Egyptian court said Pres. Morsi must reinstate an attorney general fired last year in another blow to his authority. 7 people were killed in clashes in Cairo between supporters and opponents of Pres. Morsi.
    (AP, 7/2/13)

2013        Jul 3, In Egypt at least 16 people were killed and 200 wounded when gunmen opened fire on supporters of President Mohamed Mursi who were rallying outside Cairo University. Egypt's military ousted its first freely elected president after millions protested around the country and demanded Morsi's resignation. Abdel Fattah El Sisi, the head of Egypt's armed forces, announced on state television that Egypt's constitution was suspended, a new civilian government would be installed, and early elections would be held.
    (Reuters, 7/3/13)(AP, 7/4/13)

2013        Jul 4, In Egypt Adli Mansour, the chief justice of the Supreme Constitutional Court, was sworn in as the nation's interim president, taking over hours after the military ousted the Islamist President Mohammed Morsi. The prosecutor's office ordered the arrest of the Muslim Brotherhood's top leader, Mohamed Badie, and his deputy Khairat el-Shater on accusations of inciting violence in which at least 8 people were killed earlier this week.
    (AP, 7/4/13)(Reuters, 7/4/13)

2013        Jul 5, Egyptian troops opened fire on supporters of ousted President Mohammed Morsi marching on Republican Guard facility. Islamist gunmen staged multiple attacks on security forces in the troubled Sinai Peninsula. 5 police offers were killed in El Arish. Two soldiers were killed in el-Gorah. At least 36 people were killed in clashes across the country. Khairat el-Shater, the deputy head of the Muslim Brotherhood was arrested along with his brother. In southern Egypt a mob of Muslim extremists rampaged through the village of Nagaa Hassan and killed Emile Naseem (41) with axes and clubs. His nephew escaped. 3 other Christians were stabbed to death as the mob burned dozens of Christian houses in the village.
    (AP, 7/5/13)(Reuters, 7/5/13)(Reuters, 7/6/13)(AP, 7/6/13)(SFC, 7/11/13, p.A2)(Econ, 7/13/13, p.42)
2013        Jul 5, The African Union suspended Egypt from membership in the continental body after the military ouster of President Mohammed Morsi.
    (AP, 7/5/13)

2013        Jul 6, In Egypt gunmen shot dead a Coptic Christian priest in El Marish in the lawless Northern Sinai in what could be the first sectarian attack since the military overthrow of Islamist President Mohamed Morsi. Several attacks on checkpoints took place in al-Mahajer and al-Safaa in Rafah, as well as Sheikh Zuwaid and al-Kharouba.
    (Reuters, 7/6/13)
2013        Jul 6, In Egypt an explosion hit a gas pipeline in the lawless Sinai peninsula following a spate of attacks on security checkpoints.
    (Reuters, 7/7/13)

2013        Jul 8, Egyptian soldiers and police clashed with Islamists protesting the military's ouster of the president. The bloodshed left 53 pro-Morsi protesters dead as well as 4 members of the security forces.
    (AP, 7/8/13)(AP, 7/9/13)(AP, 7/12/13)

2013        Jul 9, Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood rejected a new timetable announced by the military-backed interim leadership that sets a fast track for amending the Islamist-drafted constitution and holding new parliamentary and presidential elections by early next year. Hazem el-Beblawi was appointed by the interim president as the new prime minister.
    (AP, 7/9/13)(AP, 7/10/13)
2013        Jul 9, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirate promised $8 billion in grants, loans and badly needed gas and oil to Egypt.
    (AP, 7/10/13)

2013        Jul 10, Egyptian authorities escalated their crackdown on the Muslim Brotherhood by ordering the arrest of Mohammed Badie, its spiritual leader, as well as nine other leading Islamists. The group remained steadfast in its defiance of the new military-backed administration and refused offers to join an interim government. Militants attacked a security checkpoint in the Sinai Peninsula, killing at least two people.
    (AP, 7/10/13)
2013        Jul 10, Kuwait promised $4 billion in aid to Egypt.
    (AP, 7/10/13)

2013        Jul 12, In Egypt Islamist supporters of ousted Pres. Mohamed Mursi protested in Cairo after a week of violence in which more than 90 people were killed in a bitterly divided nation. Militants fired an RPG at an armored car at the checkpoint, killing Lt. Col. Ahmed Mahmoud (40) in el-Arish.
    (AP, 7/12/13)

2013        Jul 13, Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood called for more mass demonstrations in support of ousted President Mohamed Mursi after a huge pro-Mursi march broke up peacefully before dawn, ending a week in which at least 90 people were killed.
    (AP, 7/13/13)

2013        Jul 14, In Egypt Mohamed ElBaradei (71), a leading reform advocate, took office as Egypt's interim vice president, reinforcing the role in the new leadership of liberals who are strongly opposed to the deposed president's Muslim Brotherhood.
    (AP, 7/14/13)

2013        Jul 15, In Egypt at least 3 people were killed and 17 wounded when suspected militants fired rocket-propelled grenades at a bus carrying workers in the North Sinai province early today. Clashes in central Cairo between police and supporters of deposed Pres. Morsi left at least 7 people dead. Authorities arrested 401 people over clashes.
    (Reuters, 7/15/13)(Econ, 7/20/13, p.45)

2013        Jul 16, In Egypt interim Pres. Adly Mansour swore in a Cabinet that included women and Christians, but no Islamists.
    (SFC, 7/17/13, p.A3)(AP, 7/16/13)(Reuters, 7/16/13)

2013        Jul 17, Several hundred supporters of Egypt's deposed Pres. Morsi massed outside the Cabinet building in Cairo, expanding their protests denouncing the country's new government and demanding the reinstatement of the Islamist leader. Suspected militants killed 3 policemen and seriously wounded two in an attack in the Sinai Peninsula.
    (AP, 7/17/13)(AP, 7/18/13)

2013        Jul 19, In Egypt thousands of supporters of deposed President Mohamed Morsi rallied in Cairo to demand the restoration of the ousted Islamist leader, with his opponents also planning protests nearby. A woman and a 13-year-old boy were killed when supporters and opponents of the ousted president clashed in the Nile Delta town of Mansoura.
    (Reuters, 7/19/13)

2013        Jul 21, In Egypt a bus carrying soldiers crashed into a truck on a highway betgween Cairo and Alexandria early today, killing 15 soldiers and a driver.
    (AP, 7/21/13)

2013        Jul 22, In Egypt 2 civilians, 2 army officers and 2 policemen were killed in at least 10 overnight attacks in the Sinai province's northern cities of Rafah and El-Arish against police stations and security and army checkpoints.
    (Reuters, 7/22/13)

2013        Jul 23, In Egypt 6 people were killed in Cairo in clashes between opponents and Islamist supporters of deposed Pres. Morsi.
    (Reuters, 7/23/13)

2013        Jul 24, In Egypt a bomb blast outside the security headquarters in the Nile Delta city of Mansoura wounded 19 people. 11 people have been killed in clashes between supporters and opponents of the ousted president since July 22. A pro-Morsi group claimed another 2 people were killed in a march in Cairo by assailants who fired on them from rooftops.
    (AP, 7/24/13)

2013        Jul 25, Two Egyptian soldiers were killed and four were injured when gunmen opened fire on a military checkpoint near the North Sinai town of Sheikh Zuweid.
    (Reuters, 7/25/13)
2013        Jul 25, Human Rights Watch (HRW) said Egypt has been detaining Syrian refugees without charge and threatening to deport them in a climate of growing hostility since the army seized power last month.
    (Reuters, 7/25/13)

2013        Jul 26, Egyptian prosecutors accused ousted President Mohammed Morsi of conspiring with the Palestinian militant group Hamas and murder in his 2011 escape from prison that left 14 guards dead. Tens of thousands of supporters and many less opponents of the Islamist leader massed for rival rallies. In Alexandria 7 people were killed and over 100 were injured in clashes between supporters and opponents of Morsi.
    (AP, 7/26/13)

2013        Jul 27, In Egypt clashes erupted in Cairo between security forces and supporters of ousted President Mohammed Morsi. More than 80 people were killed in the violence at a Cairo vigil by backers of deposed President Mohamed Morsi. People living on Badr el-Din street in Cairo found two young men dumped in a pile of rubbish by a park. Amr Mohammed Salim (22), a street vendor, was dead, hands bound and body covered with gashes, residents said. Hany Moussa (24), a kitchen helper, was still alive, but barely.
    (AP, 7/27/13)(Reuters, 7/28/13)(AP, 8/6/13)(Econ, 8/3/13, p.13)

2013        Jul 28, Egypt's interim president gave the prime minister the power to grant the military the right to arrest civilians after a weekend of violence between supporters of the country's deposed leader and security forces.
    (AP, 7/28/13)

2013        Jul 29, Egyptian police detained two leaders of a Muslim Brotherhood-allied party in the latest in a wave of arrests of prominent Islamists, while the EU's top diplomat, Catherine Ashton, held talks with officials in Cairo in an attempt to mediate an end to the country's crisis.
    (AP, 7/29/13)

2013        Aug 1, Egypt's army-backed government urged supporters of deposed president Mohamed Mursi to abandon their Cairo protest camps, promising them a safe exit if they gave up without a fight.
    (Reuters, 8/1/13)

2013        Aug 3, Egypt's army-installed government promised supporters of ousted President Mohamed Mursi a safe exit from their protest camps and urged them to rejoin the political process.
    (Reuters, 8/3/13)

2013        Aug 4, Yemen's Nobel Peace Prize winner Tawakkul Karman was denied entry into Egypt after she landed at Cairo airport. She has stated her opposition to the military coup that ousted fellow Islamist Mohammed Morsi on July 3 and was sent back on a flight that brought her to Cairo from the United Arab Emirates.
    (AP, 8/4/13)

2013        Aug 9, In Egypt 4 Islamist militants were killed by a missile strike as they prepared to launch rockets at Israel. The Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis group said that its members were the target of the Israeli drone strike.
    (Reuters, 8/10/13)

2013        Aug 10, Egyptian helicopters fired on a meeting of suspected militants in the country's Sinai Peninsula, killing at least 12 people.
    (AP, 8/11/13)

2013        Aug 12, Egyptian authorities postponed a move to disperse two Cairo sit-ins by supporters of ousted Pres. Morsi to "avoid bloodshed." Islamist supporters stepped up rallies to demand his return to power.
    (AP, 8/12/13)

2013        Aug 13, Egypt’s interim president swore in 20 new provincial governors. This meant the official removal of 10 Brotherhood governors appointed under Morsi.
    (SFC, 8/14/13, p.A2)

2013        Aug 14, Egyptian police in riot gear swept in with armored vehicles and bulldozers to clear two sprawling encampments of supporters of the country's ousted Islamist president in Cairo, showering protesters with tear gas as the sound of gunfire rang out. Over 600 people were killed. Clashes also broke out elsewhere in Cairo and other provinces across the country, with police stations, government buildings and churches attacked or set ablaze. Nobel Peace Prize winner Mohamed ElBaradei resigned late today as Egypt's interim vice president in protest — a blow to the new leadership's credibility with the pro-reform movement. 43 policemen were reported killed, 18 of them in Nasr City.
    (AP, 8/14/13)(AP, 8/15/13)(Econ, 8/17/13, p.19)

2013        Aug 15, In Egypt Morsi supporters tried to storm the building housing the local government in Giza, Cairo's twin city on the west bank of the Nile River. Police repelled the attack, arresting several protesters. In a Cairo mosque the charred and mutilated bodies of more than 200 Egyptians awaited claim, apparently uncounted and unacknowledged by the state after security forces crushed Islamist protest camps.
    (AP, 8/15/13)(Reuters, 8/15/13)

2013        Aug 16, In Egypt tens of thousands of Muslim Brotherhood supporters took to the streets in defiance of a military-imposed state of emergency following bloodshed earlier this week. Street fighting in Cairo and other clashes across the country left 173 people dead.
    (AP, 8/16/13)(AP, 8/17/13)

2013        Aug 17, In Egypt clashes continued near a downtown Cairo mosque, where hundreds of Morsi's supporters remained after barricading themselves inside overnight. A security official said Mohammed al-Zawahri, leader of the ultraconservative Jihadi Salafist group, was detained at a checkpoint in Giza. He is the brother of al-Qaida chief Ayman al-Zawahri.
    (AP, 8/17/13)

2013        Aug 18, Egyptian authorities raided homes of Muslim Brotherhood members in an apparent attempt to disrupt the group ahead of mass rallies by supporters of country's ousted president. 36 people were killed when Muslim Brotherhood detainees tried to escape from a prison truck convoy in northern Cairo. The convoy trucks were carrying more than 600 detainees rounded up in earlier street violence between security forces and supporters of ousted President Mohammed Morsi.
    (AP, 8/18/13)

2013        Aug 190, In Egypt at least 24 policemen were killed and three wounded in an ambush by Islamist militants near the Sinai town of Rafah.
    (Reuters, 8/19/13)

2013        Aug 20, Egypt's military-backed authorities arrested Mohammed Badie, the supreme leader of the country's Muslim Brotherhood. Badie’s son Ammar, was shot dead during violent clashes between security forces and Morsi supporters in Cairo on Aug 16. Egyptian journalist Tamer Abdel-Raouf, working for the state-run  Al-Ahram newspaper, was shot dead by soldiers at a military checkpoint.
    (AP, 8/20/13)

2013        Aug 21, An Egyptian court ordered the release of ousted President Hosni Mubarak.
    (AP, 8/21/13)
2013        Aug 21, The EU decided to suspend exports of weapons and goods that could be used for internal repression but did not halt aid programs for fear of hurting ordinary Egyptians already hit hard.
    (AP, 8/21/13)

2013        Aug 22, Egypt's ousted leader Hosni Mubarak was released from prison and transported to a military hospital in a Cairo suburb where he will be held under house arrest.
    (AP, 8/22/13)

2013        Aug 24, Egyptian troops killed four militants who attacked a military checkpoint in Sinai near the border with Gaza.
    (AP, 8/24/13)
2013        Aug 24, An Egyptian official said the country's border crossing with Gaza, which was closed after a deadly attack on policemen this week, has reopened, but will be open only for four hours every day because security concerns remain high in Sinai.
    (AP, 8/24/13)

2013        Aug 28, Egyptian security officials said police have detained more than 60 supporters and members of the Muslim Brotherhood over the past 24 hours, including relatives of top leaders.
    (AP, 8/28/13)

2013        Aug 30, In Egypt unidentified gunmen in two cars opened fire on a police station in the upscale Cairo neighborhood of Heliopolis, killing an officer. The drive-by attack happened ahead of planned nationwide protests by the Muslim Brotherhood.
    (AP, 8/30/13)

2013        Sep 2, An Egyptian judicial panel advised a court to dissolve the Muslim Brotherhood as a legally registered non-governmental organization, posing a legal challenge to the group as the army-backed government presses a crackdown.
    (Reuters, 9/2/13)

2013        Sep 3, Egypt’s interim Pres. Adli Mansour, in his first televised interview, said “the era of pharaonic rule is over" as he explained why he has lifted a legal ban against insulting Egypt’s leader.
    (Econ, 9/7/13, p.51)
2013        Sep 3, Egyptian helicopter gunships fired rockets at militants in the northern Sinai Peninsula, killing at least 8 and injuring 15 others in an ongoing campaign to put down Islamic radicals who have escalated attacks in the largely lawless region.
    (AP, 9/3/13)
2013        Sep 3, An Egyptian military official says a military tribunal has sentenced 11 supporters of ousted Islamist President Mohammed Morsi to life imprisonment and 45 others to five years in prison over charges of assaulting army troops during riots on Aug 14 and 16 in Suez city.
    (AP, 9/3/13)
2013        Sep 3, A Cairo court ordered the closure of four television channels, including Al-Jazeera Egypt and Ahrar 25, a network belonging to the Islamist Muslim Brotherhood.
    (AFP, 9/3/13)

2013        Sep 4, An Egyptian policeman was shot dead and another wounded at a checkpoint in the southern town of Aswan. The attack was carried out by relatives of a man killed earlier in an exchange of fire with police at the checkpoint.
    (Reuters, 9/4/13)

2013        Sep 5, In Egypt the driver of a car used in an attempt to blow up the interior minister died during the attack. Police killed two attackers who were trying to assassinate the interior minister. Al-Qaida-inspired militants on Oct 26 posted a video saying Waleed Badr, ex-Egyptian army officer, carried out the suicide bombing.
    (AP, 9/5/13)(Reuters, 9/5/13)

2013        Sep 6, In Egypt thopusands of supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood and the nation's ousted president protested across the country against the military-backed government.
    (AP, 9/6/13)

2013        Sep 7, Egyptian helicopter gunships and tanks pounded suspected hideouts of Islamic militants in the northern Sinai Peninsula in a major new offensive in the insurgent stronghold.
    (AP, 9/7/13)

2013        Sep 8, Former presidential candidate and opposition leader Amr Mussa was elected head of Egypt's 50-member panel that has been tasked with drawing up a new constitution.
    (AFP, 9/8/13)
2013        Sep 8, Egyptian Gen. Osama Askar, commander of the 3rd Army, told reporters that the shoulder-fired SAM-7 missiles were found in a mosque and in homes of suspected militants in the southern part of Sheikh Zuweyid town, near the border with the Gaza Strip and Israel.
    (AP, 9/8/13)

2013        Sep 9, Egyptian army troops, backed by helicopter gunships, attacked hideouts of Islamic militants in Sinai, killing nine and arresting 10.
    (AP, 9/10/13)

2013        Sep 10, Egyptian authorities said they will bar 55,000 unlicensed clerics from preaching in mosques in the latest move against sympathizers of deposed Islamist President Mohamed Mursi.
    (Reuters, 9/10/13)
2013        Sep 10, Egyptian security officials said a series of attacks in the restive Sinai peninsula over the past 24 hours, mostly against soldiers, killed at least four people.
    (AFP, 9/10/13)

2013        Sep 11, In Egypt’s Sinai area a pair of near-simultaneous suicide bombers rammed their explosives-laden cars into military targets, killing 6 soldiers in Rafah.
    (AP, 9/11/13)(AFP, 9/12/13)
2013        Sep 11, The Hamas Islamist group ruling Gaza sought to ease tensions with Cairo by ordering Muslim preachers to mute their criticism of the Egyptian government over what some of the clerics have called its war on Islam.
    (Reuters, 9/11/13)

2013        Sep 12, Egypt’s Interim president Adly Mansour extended by two months the state of emergency in force since mid-August.
    (AFP, 9/12/13)
2013        Sep 12, An Egyptian court acquitted all 14 defendants, including policemen, accused of killing 17 protesters during the bloodiest day of a revolt that toppled autocrat Hosni Mubarak over two years ago.
    (Reuters, 9/12/13)

2013        Sep 13, Egyptian soldiers backed by attack helicopters swept through several villages in the strategic Sinai peninsula, part of an offensive aimed at driving out al-Qaida-inspired groups.
    (AP, 9/13/13)

2013        Sep 16, Nine Egyptian policemen were injured when a bomb detonated on a road in North Sinai, scene of a surge in Islamist militancy, near the border with the Gaza Strip.
    (Reuters, 9/16/13)

2013        Sep 17, Egyptian police arrested Gehad el-Haddad, the main English-language spokesman of the Muslim Brotherhood, along with other senior members of the group on charges of inciting violence. Gunmen killed a military officer and a soldier in an attack on an army vehicle northeast of Cairo.
    (Reuters, 9/17/13)(SFC, 9/18/13, p.A2)

2013        Sep 18, Egypt partially reopened its border crossing with the Gaza Strip, a week after it was closed in response to a deadly attack on an Egyptian military headquarters near the frontier.
    (Reuters, 9/18/13)

2013        Sep 19, Egyptian security forces backed by helicopters raided Kerdasa, a town on the outskirts of Cairo known to be an Islamist stronghold, exchanging fire with suspected militants who killed a senior police officer. 32 suspects were arrested in house-to-house raids.
    (AP, 9/19/13)

2013        Sep 25, Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood said authorities overnight shut down the headquarters of the Muslim Brotherhood's Freedom and Justice newspaper in Cairo, the latest move aimed at crushing the Islamist movement.
    (Reuters, 9/25/13)

2013        Sep 27, In Egypt unidentified gunmen shot dead a policeman in the city of El-Arish in North Sinai, near the border with the Palestinian Gaza Strip and Israel. In Alexandria dozens of people were hurt when pro-Morsi protesters clashed with residents.
    (Reuters, 9/27/13)

2013        Sep 28, An Egyptian soldier was shot dead in the Sinai Peninsula. Militants released a video showing attacks against the army in the region where the state is trying to stamp out al Qaeda-linked fighters.
    (Reuters, 9/28/13)

2013        Sep 30, In Egypt gunmen killed two policemen and a soldier in the northern Sinai Peninsula.
    (AP, 9/30/13)

2013        Oct 2, Egypt's interim government decided that insulting the flag and refusing to stand for the national anthem is an offense punishable by law. A high school student was killed when opponents and supporters of deposed Egyptian president Mohamed Morsi clashed in the city of Suez.
    (AP, 10/2/13)(Reuters, 10/2/13)

2013        Oct 4, In Egypt thousands of supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood, defying a crackdown, marched through a Cairo suburb. Hundreds of supporters of Egypt's deposed President Mohamed Mursi clashed with their opponents as they tried to enter Tahrir Square in central Cairo, and police fired tear gas to disperse them. 4 people died in the clashes. Masked gunmen fired on a military vehicle near Ismailiya, killing one soldier and wounding an officer and another soldier.
    (Reuters, 10/4/13)(AFP, 10/4/13)

2013        Oct 6, In Egypt dozens of people were killed in clashes across the country between security forces and supporters of ousted Islamist president Mohamed Morsi. 48 people died in Cairo and 9 in other parts of the country.
    (AFP, 10/6/13)(Reuters, 10/7/13)(AFP, 10/8/13)

2013        Oct 7, In Egypt suspected militants killed 6 soldiers near the Suez Canal and fired rocket-propelled grenades at a state satellite station in Cairo. A car bombing hit the security headquarters in el-Tor near the tourist resorts of southern Sinai, killing 3 policemen and wounding dozens.
    (Reuters, 10/7/13)(AP, 10/7/13)

2013        Oct 9, The US said it is poised stopped shipments of some large-scale military systems as well as halting $260 million in cash aid to Egyptian military leaders, who ousted Pres. Mohamed Morsi in July.
    (AFP, 10/10/13)(SFC, 10/10/13, p.A2)

2013        Oct 10, In Egypt a suicide bomber drove his explosives-laden car into a checkpoint outside el-Arish in the Sinai Peninsula and detonated it, killing 3 soldiers and a policeman.
    (AP, 10/10/13)

2013        Oct 11, The Egyptian coast guard rescued 72 Palestinians, 40 Syrians and 4 Egyptians when a boat carrying illegal migrants and Syrian refugees sank off Egypt's northern coast. 12 people died.
    (Reuters, 10/11/13)

2013        Oct 13, An Egyptian army MiG-21 aircraft crashed near the southern city of Luxor, leaving one person dead and three others injured on the ground after the crew ejected.
    (AFP, 10/13/13)
2013        Oct 13, Egyptian security officials said James Henry (66), a retired US citizen detained in August for violating curfew in Sinai, was found dead in his jail cell after he used his belt and shoe laces to hang himself.
    (AP, 10/13/13)

2013        Oct 18, In Egypt suspected militants killed a police officer in the Sinai Peninsula.
    (AP, 10/18/13)

2013        Oct 19, In Egypt a car bomb exploded near a military intelligence compound in the Suez Canal city of Ismailia, wounding six soldiers.
    (AP, 10/19/13)

2013        Oct 20, Egyptian security forces fired bird shot and teargas to prevent supporters of deposed Islamist President Mohamed Mursi from marching to the site of a protest camp that was destroyed two months ago. An attack outside a Coptic church in Cairo killed 4 people, including an 8-year-old girl.
    (Reuters, 10/20/13)(AP, 10/21/13)

2013        Oct 21, In Egypt thousands of students from the al-Azhar University staged a third day of protests, in one of the boldest challenges to the army since it toppled Islamist President Mohamed Mursi in July.
    (Reuters, 10/21/13)

2013        Oct 22, In Egypt militants ambushed a military convoy in northern Sinai early, killing a soldier and a civilian bystander.
    (AP, 10/22/13)

2013        Oct 24, In Egypt suspected Islamists militants killed a policeman in a drive-by shooting in the Sinai Peninsula, where troops are battling to contain near daily violence. Egypt’s Cabinet said its nighttime curfew will be shortened to four hours, from 1 a.m. to 5 a.m., six days a week.
    (AFP, 10/24/13)(AP, 10/24/13)

2013        Oct 25, In Egypt thousands of supporters of ousted Pres. Morsi and his Muslim Brotherhood group marched in Cairo to keep pressure on the military-backed leadership as it tries to stabilize a country.
    (AP, 10/25/13)

2013        Oct 28, In Egypt gunmen killed 3 policemen at a security checkpoint north of Cairo.
    (AP, 10/28/13)

2013        Oct 30, Egyptian police fired teargas at protesting students at Cairo's al-Azhar university hours after authorities announced the detention of Muslim Brotherhood leader Essam El-Erian.
    (Reuters, 10/30/13)

2013        Nov 1, In Egypt controversial satirist Bassem Youssef's television channel suspended his program, a week after he returned from a four-month break and fired barbs at the country's military. Thousands supporting ousted Pres. Morsi marched in street protests across the country, ramping up pressure on the military-backed interim government ahead of his coming trial next week.
    (AFP, 11/1/13)(AP, 11/1/13)

2013        Nov 3, In Egypt gunmen killed two policemen near Ismailia on the west bank of the Suez Canal.
    (AFP, 11/3/13)

2013        Nov 4, Egypt's deposed Islamist president defiantly rejected a court's authority to try him, saying he was the country's "legitimate" leader and those that overthrew him should face charges instead.
    (AP, 11/4/13)

2013        Nov 6, A court in Egypt upheld an earlier ruling that banned the Muslim Brotherhood and ordered its assets confiscated.
    (AP, 11/6/13)

2013        Nov 8, In Egypt a child and another person died in clashes between supporters and opponents of Egypt's ousted president in Cairo.
    (AFP, 11/8/13)

2013        Nov 12, Egypt's 3-month-old state of emergency ended today after a court ruling. Military and security officials held off from impleneting the ruling amid worries of protests by supporters of deposed Pres. Morsi. Egyptian police fired tear gas at student supporters of Morsi, who were protesting at the university in the Nile Delta town of Mansoura.
    (AP, 11/12/13)(Reuters, 11/12/13)(SFC, 11/13/13, p.A2)

2013        Nov 13, Deposed Egyptian President Mohamed Mursi said, in a leter read by his lawyer, that he was kidnapped by the Republican Guard on July 2, the day before the army announced his removal, and was later held at a naval base for four months. Morsi accused the military chief who deposed him of treason. A police armored personnel carrier ran over a pro-Mursi student who was protesting outside a state-run university in the southern city of Assiut. A court sentenced 12 supporters of deposed Islamist president Mohamed Morsi to 17 years in prison for taking part in a violent student-led protest.
    (Reuters, 11/13/13)(AP, 11/13/13)(AFP, 11/14/13)

2013        Nov 14, Egypt's foreign minister sought to downplay speculation of a major foreign policy shift, saying during a rare top-level Russian visit that Cairo wants to boost ties with Moscow and not replace the United States as its key ally. The defence ministers of Russia and Egypt held discussions on military collaboration between their countries.
    (AP, 11/14/13)(AFP, 11/14/13)

2013        Nov 15, In Egypt several thousand supporters of ousted Pres. Morsi rallied  following the recent end of a curfew. In Alexandria clashes betwwen residents and supporters of Morsi left a boy (16) dead.
    (SFC, 11/16/13, p.A2)

2013        Nov 16, In Egypt a Muslim Brotherhood-led alliance said it is ready for a national dialogue to end the political standoff in the country, in an announcement that did not demand the return of the nation's toppled president to power.
    (AP, 11/16/13)

2013        Nov 17, In Egypt gunmen shot dead Mohamed Mabruk, an officer in charge of the Islamist Muslim Brotherhood file at the interior ministry's national security agency.
    (AFP, 11/18/13)

2013        Nov 18, Egypt's interim PM Hazem el-Beblawi inaugurated the start of what is to be a memorial to protesters killed in the country's revolutionary turmoil in the center of famed Tahrir Square.
    (AP, 11/18/13)
2013        Nov 18, In Egypt a train slammed into at least three vehicles, including a truck, crossing the tracks near the village of Dahshur. 26 people were killed and 28 remained hospitalized.
    (AP, 11/18/13)
2013        Nov 18, The head of Russia's state-controlled industrial holding company said Moscow has signed a deal to provide Egypt with air defense missile systems.
    (AP, 11/18/13)

2013        Nov 19, Hundreds of Egyptians gathered in Cairo's Tahrir Square to commemorate the deaths of protesters killed two years ago and call for the army-backed government to adopt reforms.
    (Reuters, 11/19/13)

2013        Nov 20, In Egypt a suicide bomber rammed his explosive-laden car into one of two buses carrying off-duty soldiers in northern Sinai, killing 11 and wounding 37. A bomb attack on a checkpoint in Cairo wounded four policemen including a major.
    (AP, 11/20/13)(AFP, 11/20/13)

2013        Nov 21, An Egyptian police officer was shot dead in a Nile Delta town while trying to arrest suspects wanted in connection with the killing of a security official.
    (Reuters, 11/21/13)

2013        Nov 22, In Egypt a young boy and a man were killed as supporters and opponents of ousted Islamist president Mohamed Morsi clashed.
    (AFP, 11/22/13)
2013        Nov 22, The UN refugee agency confirmed that 52 refugees of Syrian and Palestinian origin had refused to receive food delivered by a UNHCR-funded charity to the police station where they are held in Egypt’s coastal city of Alexandria.
    (Reuters, 11/22/13)

2013        Nov 23, Egypt said it was expelling Turkey's ambassador and accused Ankara of backing organizations bent on spreading instability - an apparent reference to the Muslim Brotherhood of ousted Egyptian president Mohamed Mursi.
    (Reuters, 11/23/13)

2013        Nov 24, Egypt's interim Pres. Adly Mansour signed a new bill into law restricting rallies and other public gatherings, a move likely to raise fresh questions about the army-backed government's democratic credentials.
    (AFP, 11/24/13)

2013        Nov 25, Egyptian security forces fired tear-gas and dispersed university students who had defied a law passed a day earlier that restricts demonstrations.
    (Reuters, 11/25/13)

2013        Nov 26, Egyptian police fired a water cannon to disperse dozens of protesters near the Ministry of Interior after they defied a new law that restricts demonstrations. Egyptian troops killed a leader of an al-Qaida inspired group in the northern Sinai Peninsula. Mohammed Hussein Muhareb and his son were killed after troops closed in on his motorcade and a firefight ensued.
    (Reuters, 11/26/13)(AP, 11/26/13)
2013        Nov 26, Egyptian security sources said police in Cairo are investigating the disappearance of an Egyptian-born German author and critic of Islam, months after a cleric declared him an infidel and called for his death. Hamed Abdel-Samad, author of "The Downfall of the Islamic World: A Prognosis", went missing in recent days.
    (Reuters, 11/26/13)

2013        Nov 27, Egypt's prosecutor general ordered 24 detained activists to be held for four days for protesting a newly passed law criminalizing demonstrations without permits. Nearly two dozen Islamist women and girls, some as young as 15, were handed heavy prison sentences for protesting in a court ruling that came a day after police beat and terrorized prominent female activists in a crackdown on secular demonstrators under a tough new anti-protest law. On Dec 7 a court reduced the sentences of 14 young women to one year. The sentences of seven teenage girls were reduced to three months. All 21 were freed under suspended sentences.
    (AP, 11/27/13)(AFP, 12/7/13)

2013        Nov 29, In Egypt hundreds of Islamist demonstrators took to the streets in cities across the country, days after a disputed protest law was adopted and police forcefully broke up unauthorized gatherings.
    (AP, 11/29/13)

2013        Nov 30, In Egypt Ahmad Maher, a symbol of the popular uprising that ousted autocrat Hosni Mubarak in 2011, turned himself in to the authorities after an order for his arrest was made for defying a tough new law restricting demonstrations. Security forces fired volleys of tear gas to disperse stone-throwing protesters in central Cairo.
    (Reuters, 11/30/13)

2013        Dec 1, Egypt's constitution-drafting panel approved a charter that preserves the military's wide-ranging powers, including the ability to try civilians, as police fired tear gas to disperse Islamists in Tahrir Square.
    (AFP, 12/2/13)

2013        Dec 2, Egyptian police fired tear gas as more than two thousand students backing ousted Islamist president Mohamed Morsi entered Cairo's Tahrir Square to demonstrate against July's military "coup."
    (AFP, 12/2/13)

2013        Dec 3, Prominent Egyptian youth leader Ahmed Duma was arrested for participating in a protest, the third pro-democracy activist to be detained within a week.
    (AFP, 12/3/13)
2013        Dec 3, Egyptian poet Ahmed Fouad Negm (84), renowned for his revolutionary poetry and outspoken criticism of Arab political leaders, died. He became recognized as a voice of protest in 1967 when he wrote poems on the Arab-Israeli war, which were highly acclaimed.
    (AFP, 12/3/13)

2013        Dec 6, Egyptian police used tear gas to end clashes in Cairo between supporters and opponents of ousted Pres. Mohamed Morsi.
    (Reuters, 12/6/13)
2013        Dec 6, Egyptian cleric Osama Moustafa Hassan Nasr, aka Abu Omar, kidnapped as part of the CIA's extraordinary rendition program, was convicted in absentia by an Italian court of decade-old terror charges and sentenced to six years in prison.
    (AP, 12/6/13)

2013        Dec 7, An Egyptian court acquitted 155 people arrested during deadly clashes in the capital between Islamist protesters and police in October.
    (AFP, 12/8/13)

2013        Dec 9, Water ministers from Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan held talks on an Ethiopian dam project, after Egypt's objections delayed formation of a committee to implement expert advice.
    (AFP, 12/9/13)
2013        Dec 9, An Egyptian court sentenced three supporters of ousted Islamist President Mohamed Morsi to life imprisonment, in the latest tough ruling against opponents of the army-backed interim government.
    (Reuters, 12/9/13)

2013        Dec 10, In Egypt police fired tear gas to prevent students of the Islamic Al-Azhar University from taking protests outside their campus, in the third straight day of unrest there.
    (AP, 12/10/13)

2013        Dec 11, The trial of Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood chief and his deputies on charges related to protest deaths came to an abrupt end when the judges quit in protest at chaos in the dock.
    (AFP, 12/11/13)

2013        Dec 13, Egyptian security forces fired tear gas to disperse dozens of Islamist demonstrators marching across the country to demand the release of detained student protesters. Two young men were killed in the clashes.
    (AP, 12/13/13)(AFP, 12/14/13)

2013        Dec 16, Egyptian security forces fired tear gas at dozens of university students outside their Cairo campus in an attempt to prevent their protest from reaching the nearby defense ministry. Egypt's military killed Silmi Mohammed Masbah, a jihadist suspected of involvement in an ambush that left 16 Egyptian soldiers killed near the border with Israel last year.
    (AP, 12/16/13)(AFP, 12/17/13)

2013        Dec 17, Egypt's security forces clashed with supporters of the former Islamist president at several universities across the country, as an explosive device detonated in a residential area of the capital but caused no injuries or damage.
    (AP, 12/17/13)

2013        Dec 18, Egyptian prosecutors announced a new trial of ousted President Mohammed Morsi and the top leaders of his Muslim Brotherhood, accusing them of conspiring with Hamas, Hezbollah, Iran's Revolutionary Guard and militant groups to carry out a wave of terrorism to destabilize the country.
    (AP, 12/18/13)
2013        Dec 18, Egyptian police raided the offices of an NGO affiliated with a leftist former presidential candidate, arresting three employees and confiscating computers. The Egyptian Center for Economic and Social Rights, founded by former candidate Khaled Ali, has supported striking factory workers and defended activists at trials.
    (AFP, 12/19/13)
2013        Dec 18, The Swiss government said it has decided to keep 760 million Swiss francs ($858 million) in Egyptian and Tunisian assets frozen for three more years.
    (AP, 12/18/13)

2013        Dec 19, An Egyptian court acquitted former leader Hosni Mubarak's two sons and his last prime minister, Ahmed Shafik, of corruption charges.
    (AP, 12/19/13)

2013        Dec 20, In Egypt militants killed a soldier in a gunfight in the Sinai peninsula, as police in Cairo clashed with protesters demanding the reinstatement of deposed Islamist president Mohamed Morsi.
    (AFP, 12/20/13)

2013        Dec 21, Egypt's deposed Islamist president, Mohamed Morsi, and 129 others including members of Hamas and Hezbollah, were referred to trial on murder and other charges related to a mass jail break during the 2011 uprising against Hosni Mubarak.
    (Reuters, 12/21/13)

2013        Dec 22, In Egypt 3 leading figures of the 2011 uprising were jailed for three years each for their role in recent protests, as the army-backed authorities intensified a crackdown on dissent.
    (Reuters, 12/22/13)

2013        Dec 23, In Egypt more than 450 imprisoned Muslim Brotherhood members launched a hunger strike to protest their "inhuman treatment" after being jailed following the military's overthrow of Pres. Morsi.
    (AFP, 12/23/13)

2013        Dec 24, In Egypt multiple explosions at the security headquarters in Mansoura killed 16 and injured more than 100.
    (AP, 12/24/13)(AP, 12/25/13)
2013        Dec 24, Egyptian state television reported the arrest of Hesham Kandil, the country's former prime minister, to serve a one-year prison sentence. He had served under the nation's toppled Islamist president.
    (AP, 12/24/13)
2013        Dec 24, Egypt's football league resumed following repeated suspensions for almost two years after a deadly stadium riot and political unrest in the country.
    (AFP, 12/24/13)

2013        Dec 25, Egypt’s PM Hazem el-Beblawi designated the Muslim Brotherhood a "terrorist" organization after multiple explosions at the security headquarters in Mansoura killed 16 and injured more than 100. The al-Qaida-inspired group Ansar Beit al-Maqdis, or the Champions of Jerusalem, said it had carried out the attack.
    (AP, 12/25/13)(Reuters, 12/26/13)

2013        Dec 26, Egypt escalated its crackdown on the Muslim Brotherhood, detaining at least 38 of the group's supporters on charges of belonging to a terrorist organization the day after it was declared one by the government. A bomb exploded in a busy intersection near schools in Cairo, hitting a bus and wounding five people.
    (Reuters, 12/26/13)(AP, 12/26/13)

2013        Dec 27, In Egypt Muslim Brotherhood supporters and police clashed across the country, leaving at least 5 dead in protests after the army-backed government declared the group a terrorist organization.
    (AP, 12/27/13)

2013        Dec 28, In Egypt riot police moved into eastern Cairo's Al-Azhar campus, claiming that striking students were disrupting end-of-term exams. They fired tear gas and battled demonstrators in a melee that left one protester dead and an administration building torched.
    (AP, 12/28/13)

2013        Dec 29, In Egypt a bomb exploded outside a military intelligence building northeast of Cairo, wounding four people and damaging the structure as protests and security scares roil the country just weeks before a key vote.
    (AP, 12/29/13)
2013        Dec 29, Egyptian authorities arrested four Al Jazeera journalists after the Interior Ministry accused the Qatar-based channel of broadcasting illegally from a hotel suite with a member of the Muslim Brotherhood.
    (AFP, 12/30/13)

2013        Dec 30, An Egyptian court sentenced 139 Islamist supporters of ousted Pres. Morsi to two years in jail over violence that erupted in July. Egyptian security arrested Anas Beltagi, the son of a Muslim Brotherhood leader, along with two other on charges of inciting violence.
    (AFP, 12/30/13)(Reuters, 12/31/13)

2013        Dec 31, In Egypt unknown assailants attacked a natural gas pipeline in the Sinai.
    (Reuters, 12/31/13)

2014        Jan 1, Egypt’s Ministry of Antiquities said 96 artifacts, mostly small figurines and beads, have disappeared from the Aswan Museum's storehouse. Authorities said evidence pointed to an insider theft.
    (AP, 1/1/14)
2014        Jan 1, In Egypt 2 people were killed in violent clashes that erupted late today between pro-Islamist protesters and police in Alexandria.
    (Reuters, 1/1/14)

2014        Jan 2, Egyptian authorities produced what they said was a confession by the son of a senior member of the Muslim Brotherhood. An Alexandria court sentenced seven activists to two years in prison on several charges including protesting without a permit and clashing with police last month.
    (AP, 1/2/14)

2014        Jan 3, Egyptian riot police clashed with supporters of former Islamist Pres. Morsi across the country, leaving 17 dead and 62 injured as the Muslim Brotherhood renewed calls to protest ahead of a key referendum later this month.
    (AP, 1/3/14)(AP, 1/4/14)
2014        Jan 3, An Egyptian security official said police have found a murdered Swiss couple buried in the garden of their house in the Red Sea resort town of Hurgada. They were reportedly killed by the house's guard and two of his friends who wanted to rob the couple.
    (AFP, 1/3/14)

2014        Jan 4, An Egyptian soldier was killed and at least two were wounded when a roadside bomb targeted their armored vehicle in the restive Sinai peninsula.
    (AFP, 1/4/14)
2014        Jan 4, The Tunisian coast guard fired on three Egyptian fishing boats intercepted in its territorial waters. One boat captain was killed.
    (SFC, 1/6/14, p.A2)

2014        Jan 5, An Egyptian court gave suspended one-year sentences to 12 activists including youth leaders of the 2011 uprising for an attack on a former presidential candidate's headquarters.
    (AFP, 1/5/14)

2014        Jan 9, Egyptian courts convicted 113 Muslim Brotherhood supporters on charges including attacking police, rioting and weapons possession in three separate cases brought after protests against the army-backed government.
    (Reuters, 1/9/14)

2014        Jan 10, In Egypt hundreds of Islamists rallied in Cairo and across the country, calling for a boycott of an upcoming constitutional referendum as clashes with security forces killed 3 people.
    (AP, 1/10/14)

2014        Jan 12, In Egypt hundreds of students supporting ousted Pres. Morsi battled security forces at three Cairo universities, two days before a referendum that officials say will be protected by a massive deployment of soldiers and police.
    (AP, 1/12/14)

2014        Jan 14, Egyptians voted on a new constitution in a referendum that will pave the way for a likely presidential run by the nation's top general months after he ousted Islamist President Mohammed Morsi. 11 people were killed on the 1st day of the vote.
    (AP, 1/14/14)(AFP, 1/14/14)(AP, 1/15/14)

2014        Jan 15, Egyptians lined up to vote on the second and final day of a key referendum on the country's new constitution.
    (AP, 1/15/14)

2014        Jan 16, Egypt's state media said the new constitution was overwhelmingly approved in a referendum. A senior official said an overwhelming majority of Egyptians who voted on the country's new constitution have backed the draft charter. An international monitoring group criticized the clampdown ahead of the vote and said authorities had imposed "severe limits" on freedom of expression.
    (Reuters, 1/16/14)(AP, 1/16/14)

2014        Jan 17, In Egypt at least 4 people was killed in clashes between police and Islamists, as the country awaited results of a constitutional referendum billed as an endorsement of president Mohamed Morsi's overthrow.
    (AFP, 1/17/14)(AP, 1/18/14)

2014        Jan 18, Egypt’s elections chief said voters have approved a new constitution by 98.1 percent.
    (AFP, 1/18/14)

2014        Jan 19, Deposed Egyptian president Mohamed Mursi (Morsi) was ordered to stand trial for insulting the judiciary, alongside 24 others including liberal activists who opposed his Islamist rule but have also been critical of the new army-backed order.
    (Reuters, 1/19/14)

2014        Jan 23, In Egypt clashes between rival students at a university in Alexandria killed at least one student. Masked gunmen riding on motorcycles opened fire at a police checkpoint in central Egypt, killing five policemen and wounding two.
    (AFP, 1/23/14)(AP, 1/23/14)

2014        Jan 24, In Egypt a bomb planted on a road hit a convoy of security forces on a busy street in Cairo, killing one person in the fourth bombing in one day. A suicide car bomber blew himself up in the parking lot of a top security compound in central Cairo, killing at least four people.
    (AP, 1/24/14)(Reuters, 1/24/14)

2014        Jan 25, In Egypt at least 49 people were killed during anti-government marches as thousands rallied in support of the army-led authorities on the third anniversary of the country's 2011. A helicopter crash in the Sinai Peninsula killed 5 Egyptian soldiers.
    (Reuters, 1/25/14)(AFP, 1/25/14)(AP, 1/26/14)
2014        Jan 25, In Libya kidnappers seized Egypt's cultural attache and three other embassy staff in Tripoli, a day after another of its diplomats was abducted.
    (AFP, 1/25/14)

2014        Jan 26, In Egypt gunmen killed 3 soldiers in an attack on a bus in the Sinai Peninsula.
    (Reuters, 1/26/14)

2014        Jan 27, In Egypt the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces "unanimously delegated" army chief Gen. Abdel Fattah al-Sisi (el Sissi) to run in presidential elections during an hours-long meeting. The announcement was made shortly after interim Pres. Adely Mansour promoted him to field marshal.
    (AP, 1/27/14)
2014        Jan 27, In a coordinated swap, Egypt released a Libyan militia commander detained over suspected links to the Muslim Brotherhood while six abducted Egyptians, including two diplomats, were released in Libya.
    (AP, 1/27/14)

2014        Jan 28, In Egypt gunmen on a motorbike killed General Mohamed Saeed, head of the technical office of the minister of interior, outside his home in Cairo.
    (AP, 1/28/14)

2014        Jan 29, Egypt's chief prosecutor referred 20 journalists from the Al-Jazeera TV network, including four foreigners, to trial on charges of allegedly joining or assisting a terrorist group and spreading false news that endangers national security.
    (AP, 1/29/14)

2014        Jan 30, Egyptian security forces arrested 11 Muslim Brotherhood members accused of running Facebook pages inciting violence against the police. An government air raid in the Sinai Peninsula hit militants linked to the Muslim Brotherhood of ousted president Mohamed Morsi. 7 militants were reported killed.
    (AP, 1/30/14)(AFP, 1/31/14)

2014        Jan 31, Egyptian military aircraft struck suspected positions of al-Qaida-inspired fighters overnight in villages of the Sinai Peninsula, killing 13 people.
    (AP, 1/31/14)

2014        Feb 3, Egyptian troops backed by helicopters raided suspected militants' hideouts in the northern part of the Sinai Peninsula, killing at least 20 and wounding 25.
    (AP, 2/3/14)

2014        Feb 4, Egypt's Health Ministry said swine flu has killed 24 people across the country over the past two months.
    (AP, 2/4/14)

2014        Feb 7, In Egypt six policemen were wounded in double bombing attack in Cairo, hours before clashes between police and Islamist protesters in several cities killed 3 people. Ajnad Misr, Arabic for Egypt's Soldiers, claimed responsibility for the bomb attack. Late day airstrikes targeted hideouts of "terrorist, extremely dangerous takfiri" militants in the eastern border town of Sheikh Zuweyid. 16 militants were reported killed.
    (AFP, 2/7/14)(AP, 2/8/14)

2014        Feb 9, Egypt's interior ministry said it has broken up a "military wing" of the Muslim Brotherhood, allegedly formed to attack policemen, in the most detailed accusation yet implicating the group in militant attacks.
    (AFP, 2/9/14)
2014        Feb 9, Egypt's Health Ministry said the number of people killed by swine flu in the country since December has reached 38.
    (AP, 2/9/14)

2014        Feb 14, In Egypt police and residents clashed with supporters of ousted Pres. Morsi leaving a man shot dead in Damietta and a child killed in Minya.
    (SFC, 2/15/14, p.A2)

2014        Feb 16, In Egypt a suicide bomber on a tourist bus in the Sinai peninsula killed the Egyptian driver and 3 South Koreans. At least a dozen other tourists on the bus were wounded.
    (AP, 2/16/14)(AP, 2/17/14)

2014        Feb 18, Egyptian authorities charged two Israelis and two Egyptians with forming an espionage ring for Israel, the second such trial to be called for in a month.
    (AP, 2/18/14)

2014        Feb 19, Egypt’s interim Pres. Adly Mansour ordered a pay raise for police after some of them joined factory workers, doctors and pharmacists increasingly on strike over the last month.
    (SFC, 2/20/14, p.A2)

2014        Feb 20, In Egypt two Al-Jazeera journalists who went on trial with other colleagues shouted from the defendants' cage that they faced "psychologically unbearable" conditions in prison.
    (AP, 2/20/14)

2014        Feb 22, An Egyptian court acquitted six police officers on charges of killing 83 protesters during the country's 2011 revolution, the latest in a string of trials that rights group say failed to hold the country's security forces accountable for demonstrators' deaths.
    (AP, 2/22/14)

2014        Feb 24, The military-installed government of Egyptian PM Hazem al-Beblawi said it has resigned, ahead of a presidential poll which will likely bring army chief Abdel Fattah al-Sisi to power. Beblawi said his government would remain in a caretaker role until the interim president signs off on the resignations.
    (AFP, 2/24/14)

2014        Feb 25, Egypt's interim Pres. Adly Mansour named construction magnate Ibrahim Mehlib  to replace Hazem el-Beblaw. Mehlib had led Arab Contractors, Egypt's biggest construction company.
    (AP, 2/25/14)

2014        Feb 26, An Egyptian court convicted 26 people of forming a terrorist group to launch an attack on the country's vital Suez Canal waterway, with almost all receiving death sentences in absentia.
    (AP, 2/26/14)

2014        Feb 28, In Egypt gunmen killed a policeman who was on a security team guarding the home of a judge in the jailbreak trial of ousted president Mohamed Morsi. Sergeant Abdallah Metwally was shot dead as he rode his motorbike across a bridge over the Nile in the city of Mansoura.
    (AFP, 2/28/14)

2014        Mar 1, In Egypt the youngest son of ousted Islamist President Mohammed Morsi was detained by police on suspicion of drug possession.
    (AP, 3/1/14)

2014        Mar 4, An Egyptian court ruled to ban activities of the Palestinian militant group Hamas in a move likely to fuel tension between Cairo's military-backed government and the Islamic group that rules the neighboring Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 3/4/14)

2014        Mar 9, Egypt's powerful military chief launched a housing initiative to build a million homes in cooperation with a major Emirati construction firm, the first campaign-style move by Field Marshal Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi, who is widely expected to run for president.
    (AP, 3/9/14)

2014        Mar 11, Egyptian authorities decided to take control of independent mosques in a move aimed at curbing Islamist dissent. In January, the Religious Endowments Ministry decided to set a theme topic sent to preachers around the country for Friday sermons. In late 2013 the ministry dismissed 55,000 imams (prayer leaders) who did not graduate from Cairo's Al-Azhar University, the most prestigious institution in Sunni Islam.
    (AFP, 3/11/14)
2014        Mar 11, In Egypt Freij (aka Abu Abdullah), one of the founders of Ansar Beit al-Maqdis (Champions of Jerusalem), was killed when a bomb he was carrying was set off by a car accident.
    (AP, 3/15/14)

2014        Mar 12, Egypt's military said it has destroyed 1,370 smuggling tunnels under its border with the Gaza Strip, as Cairo's ties remain sour with the Hamas movement that rules the Palestinian enclave.
    (AP, 3/12/14)

2014        Mar 13, Egypt brokered a ceasefire aimed at ending a flare-up of rocket attacks from Gaza on Israeli towns and Israeli air strikes in the Palestinian enclave.
    (Reuters, 3/13/14)
2014        Mar 13, In Egypt an attack on an army bus killed one officer and wounded three others in Cairo. The army blamed the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood, who in turn strongly condemned the attack.
    (Reuters, 3/13/14)

2014        Mar 15, In Egypt gunmen shot dead six army officers near Cairo, the 2nd attack on Egyptian security forces in three days that the military has blamed on the Muslim Brotherhood of deposed Pres. Mohamed Mursi.
    (Reuters, 3/15/14)

2014        Mar 17, It was reported that Egypt’s crackdown on Islamists has jailed some 16,000 people over the last eight months.
    (SFC, 3/17/14, p.A4)
2014        Mar 17, Ten Egyptians, including a journalist working for a Muslim Brotherhood newspaper, were each sentenced to a year in jail for protesting against a constitutional referendum.
    (AP, 3/17/14)

2014        Mar 18, A Cairo court sentenced a police officer to 10 years in prison with labor in connection with the deaths of 37 Islamists last August. A legal source said the men had died from asphyxiation in the back of a crammed police van while they were being moved to a jail on the outskirts of Cairo.
    (AP, 3/18/14)
2014        Mar 18, In Egypt the al-Qaida-inspired Ansar al-Shariah Brigades claimed it was behind the slayings of 26 Egyptian troops in what it describes as "the first phase of a campaign to punish traitors."
    (AP, 3/18/14)

2014        Mar 19, A raid by Egyptian police, military and special forces on a suspected bomb factory outside of Cairo turned into an hours-long gun battle with insurgents who detonated car bombs in clashes that killed two high-ranking officers and at least 6 militants. A boy (13) was shot dead in clashes in the south of the country between police and protesters supporting deposed Islamist President Mohamed Mursi.
    (AP, 3/19/14)(Reuters, 3/19/14)(SFC, 3/20/14, p.A5)

2014        Mar 20, In Egypt a Cairo court sentenced 17 al-Azhar students to 14 years in jail for rioting, damaging public properties and attacking security personnel.
    (AP, 3/21/14)

2014        Mar 21, Egypt's state news said Cairo University has expelled two dozen students for allegedly taking part in violent protests on campus earlier this week.
    (AP, 3/21/14)

2014        Mar 24, Egyptian judge Said Yusuf sentenced 529 members of the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood to death for murder and other offences.
    (Reuters, 3/24/14)(Econ, 5/3/14, p.45)

2014        Mar 25, Egypt's leader of the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood, Mohamed Badie (70), and 682 others went on trial on charges including murder. Defence lawyers boycotted the court session, attended by 60 of the defendants, after complaining of irregularities. Reporters were barred from the courtroom.
    (Reuters, 3/25/14)
2014        Mar 25, The United Nations human rights office said an Egyptian court's decision to sentence 529 members of the Muslim Brotherhood to death contravened international law.
    (Reuters, 3/25/14)

2014        Mar 26, In Egypt one person was killed near Cairo University when protesters supporting ousted President Mohamed Mursi clashed with security forces.
    (Reuters, 3/26/14)

2014        Mar 27, Egypt’s Field Marshal Abdel Fattah al-Sisi ditched his military fatigues and resigned as Egypt's defense minister, a day after announcing he would run for president.
    (AFP, 3/27/14)

2014        Mar 28, In Egypt Journalist Mayada Ashraf, from the privately owned Al-Dustour newspaper, was shot in the head as she covered clashes between police and supporters of deposed Islamist president Mohamed Morsi in the northern neighborhood of Ein Shams. 4 other people were killed including a Christian woman named Mary Sameh (26). Prosecutors the next day blamed five masked gunmen from the Muslim Brotherhood. A protester who attended the Ein Shams rally said it was the police who opened fire on the crowd as the demonstrators were about to disperse.
    (AFP, 3/29/14)

2014        Mar 29, An Egyptian court sentenced two supporters of former president Mohamed Mursi to death for murder during violence that broke out in Alexandria last year.
    (Reuters, 3/29/14)
2014        Mar 29, Egypt reopened the Gaza Strip's land border after a 50-day closure, but only for three days and then just for special cases.
    (AFP, 3/29/14)

2014        Mar 30, An Egyptian soldier was killed when militants attacked the bus he was driving in the town of Al-Arish in the Sinai Peninsula.
    (Reuters, 3/30/14)

2014        Mar 31, An Egyptian court in Alexandria sentenced 33 supporters of ousted Islamist President Mohammed Morsi to six years in prison each over clashes with opponents last December. Each defendant was also fined 50,000 Egyptian pounds (about $7,100).
    (AP, 3/31/14)

2014        Apr 1, In Egypt violent clashes erupted in Cairo and three other cities between police and university students loyal to the ousted Islamist president.
    (AP, 4/1/14)
2014        Apr 1, Wissam Tarif, a Lebanese national who works for Avaaz, an online activism network, arrived in Egypt in the morning and was deported in the evening. He had come to present officials with a petition bearing over a million signatures asking for the lifting of death sentences against 529 supporters of ousted Islamist Pres. Morsi.
    (AP, 4/4/14)

2014        Apr 2, In Egypt a series of explosions outside Cairo University killed two people, including a police brigadier-general.
    (Reuters, 4/2/14)

2014        Apr 5, In Egypt at least 23 people were killed in overnight clashes between rival families in the southern city of Aswan.
    (Reuters, 4/5/14)

2014        Apr 6, In southern Egypt clashes between an Arab clan and a Nubian family resumed in Aswan, killing 2 people and wounding four. The bloody feud began after a fight last week between school students drew in adults.
    (AP, 4/6/14)

2014        Apr 7, An Egyptian court sentenced four men to up to eight years in prison for practicing homosexuality.
    (AFP, 4/7/14)
2014        Apr 7, Kuwait agreed to supply Egypt with 85,000 barrels of oil daily and 1.5 million tons of fuel for three years as part of a newly agreed commercial deal. The supplies would be valued at market prices and delivered by the end of 2016.
    (AFP, 4/8/14)

2014        Apr 9, Egypt state news said security forces have arrested a man who worked for Qatar's Al Jazeera television network and accused him of inciting and taking part in violence. Abdel Rahman Shaheen was described as a Muslim Brotherhood member.
    (Reuters, 4/9/14)

2014        Apr 11, Egyptian soldiers ambushed and killed Nour Hamdeen, a leader of Ansar Beit al-Maqdis, an al-Qaida inspired group, as part of the government's ongoing campaign against terror groups in the Sinai Peninsula. Separately police were reported to have killed 2 gunmen who tried to set fire to a Nile Delta police station.
    (AP, 4/11/14)(SFC, 4/12/14, p.A2)

2014        Apr 13, Egypt’s state news agency reported the arrest of Wael Ahmed Abdel Fattah, a veteran of the Syrian civil war, on suspicion of planning terrorist acts inside Egypt.
    (Reuters, 4/13/14)

2014        Apr 15, An Egyptian court banned members of the Muslim Brotherhood, a movement listed as a "terrorist group", from running in upcoming elections.
    (AFP, 4/15/14)

2014        Apr 16, An Egyptian court sentenced 119 supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood of former president Mohamed Mursi to three years each in prison in connection with protests last October 6 against his overthrow. Hazem Salah Abu-Ismail, an ultraconservative Islamist and ally of ousted President Morsi, was convicted of forging official documents to conceal that his mother was a US citizen, receiving a seven-year prison sentence.
    (Reuters, 4/16/14)(AP, 4/16/14)

2014        Apr 18, An Egyptian police officer was killed when a bomb targeting a traffic police kiosk in Cairo exploded.
    (AFP, 4/18/14)

2014        Apr 20, An Egyptian court sentenced people to more than three years in prison for violent protests in February in support of deposed Islamist president Mohamed Morsi. Gunmen killed a police captain and a conscript in a firefight on a desert road outside Cairo.
    (AFP, 4/20/14)(AP, 4/20/14)

2014        Apr 23, An Egyptian policeman and a militant were killed when security forces raided a hideout used by radical Islamists near Alexandria. Brig. Gen. Ahmed Zaki was killed near Cairo when a bomb blew up his car. Ajnad Misr (Egypt’s Soldiers), an Islamist militant group, soon claimed responsibility for the attack on Zaki
    (Reuters, 4/23/14)(SFC, 4/25/14, p.A2)

2014        Apr 26, In Egypt hundreds of activists demonstrated in Cairo against an anti-protest law, one month before a presidential election which former army chief Abdel Fattah al-Sisi is widely expected to win.
    (Reuters, 4/26/14)
2014        Apr 26, In Egypt a 27-year-old civil engineer was diagnosed with MERS after returning from Saudi Arabia.
    (AP, 4/26/14)

2014        Apr 27, An Egyptian court sentenced 42 supporters of deposed president Mohamed Morsi to prison terms ranging from three to 15 years on violence-related charges.
    (AFP, 4/27/14)

2014        Apr 28, In Egypt judge Said Yusuf (Youssef) sentenced to death 683 alleged supporters of the country's ousted Islamist president, including the Muslim Brotherhood's spiritual leader. The same judge also upheld the death penalty for 37 of 529 defendants sentenced in a similar case in March, though he commuted the rest of the sentences to life imprisonment. In October Youseff was removed from his criminal court to the civilian judiciary.
    (AP, 4/28/14)(Econ, 5/3/14, p.45)(SFC, 10/2/14, p.A2)
2014        Apr 28, An Egyptian court banned “April 6," a pro-democracy movement that helped ignite the uprising that toppled autocrat Hosni Mubarak in 2011, tightening a crackdown on dissent a month ahead of a presidential election the former army chief is expected to win.
    (Reuters, 4/28/14)

2014        Apr 29, An Egyptian court sentenced 29 people, described as Islamist supporters of ousted Pres. Morsi, to five years imprisonment on charges that included rioting.
    (SFC, 4/30/14, p.A2)
2014        Apr 29, In Egypt Bassem Sabry (31), one of the country’s most respected bloggers who campaigned for civil rights and against repression, died. Security officials said Sabry accidently fell from a balcony under unclear circumstances.
    (AP, 4/30/14)

2014        Apr, Egypt said it has dismissed 12,000 Muslim imams and licensed 17,000 more to make up the shortfall. All were required to give the same sermons on Fridays.
    (Econ, 8/2/14, p.38)

2014        May 2, In Egypt two suicide bombings in South Sinai killed a soldier and wounded at least seven people. Two Cairo bombings killed at least 5 people. In Alexandria two people were shot dead when supporters of deposed President Mohamed Mursi clashed with residents.
    (Reuters, 5/2/14)(SFC, 5/3/14, p.A2)

2014        May 3, An Egyptian court sentenced 102 Islamists to 10 years in prison for rioting as campaigning began for the country's upcoming May presidential election.
    (AP, 5/3/14)

2014        May 6, An Egyptian court banned leaders of the country's former ruling party under ousted President Hosni Mubarak from running in any elections, a vague ruling that could bar former officials of that regime from returning to politics for the time being.
    (AP, 5/6/14)

2014        May 10, Egypt’s chief prosecutor charged 200 suspected militants, all members of al-Qaida-inspired Ansar Beit al-Maqdis, with carrying out the Dec 25, 2013, terrorist attacks that killed 15 civilians and of conspiring with Hamas.
    (SSFC, 5/11/14, p.A6)

2014        May 11, An Egyptian court sentenced 36 students of the prestigious Al-Azhar university to four years in prison each over violent protests backing ousted Pres. Morsi. Suspected militants attacked an army convoy in the Sinai Peninsula, killing one soldier and wounding another.
    (AFP, 5/11/14)(AP, 5/11/14)

2014        May 14, Egypt’s army said fifteen tons of a material used to make explosives have been seized in a town straddling the Suez Canal, one of the biggest such hauls since the start of a campaign against Islamist militants in the nearby Sinai.
    (Reuters, 5/14/14)

2014        May 18, Egyptian courts in Cairo and Kafr el-Sheikh convicted 170 suspected supporters of toppled President Mohammed Morsi on charges over violent attacks last year.
    (AP, 5/18/14)

2014        May 19, In Egypt gunmen in a drive-by shooting killed 3 policemen and wounded nine during late night rally by Islamist students in Cairo.
    (AP, 5/20/14)

2014        May 21, In Egypt a criminal court convicted former Pres. Hosni Mubarek of diverting millions of dollars in public money for his personal use.
    (SFC, 5/22/14, p.A2)
2014        May 21, An Egyptian court sentenced 155 Muslim Brotherhood supporters to jail terms and gave 54 of them life sentences in a case related to violence in the Nile Delta province of Mansour last August.
    (Reuters, 5/21/14)

2014        May 22, In Egypt about 150 activists held a protest in Alexandria to demand the release of rights lawyer Mahienoun el-Masry. Police beat protesters with batons and rifle butts and arrested 15 people to disperse a rally against a two-year prison sentence for el-Masry. The army carried out an operation that resulted in the killing of six "extremely dangerous criminal elements."
    (AP, 5/22/14)(Reuters, 5/23/14)

2014        May 23, Egyptian security sources said Shadi al-Menei, an Islamist militant leader in the Sinai Peninsula, has been shot dead along with 5 others by unknown assailants. State news said a security officer was shot dead by unidentified gunmen at a security checkpoint in the North Sinai town of Rafah. In Fayoum, southwest of Cairo, one man was killed and three others wounded at clashes between security forces and supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood.
    (Reuters, 5/23/14)

2014        May 24, An Egyptian court convicted 20 students from an Islamist university in Cairo on charges of rioting during a protest last year in support of ousted Islamist President Mohammed Morsi, sentencing most of them to five years in prison.
    (AP, 5/24/14)

2014        May 26, Egyptians voted in an election expected to install former army chief Abdel Fatah al-Sisi as president, with supporters brushing aside concerns about political freedom and hailing him as the strong leader the country needs. Turnout on the first day was only 15%.
    (AP, 5/26/14)(AP, 5/29/14)

2014        May 27, Egypt’s government and media harangued voters to go to the polls in the second day of the presidential election.
    (AP, 5/27/14)

2014        May 28, Egyptian authorities extended balloting for a third day as they scrambled to rescue the country's presidential election from the embarrassment of low voter turnout.
    (AP, 5/28/14)

2014        May 29, In Egypt with nearly all votes counted, retired field marshal Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi won a crushing victory over his sole opponent in the country's presidential election with more than 92 percent of the votes. The interim president said turnout reached 46 percent.
    (AP, 5/29/14)

2014        May 30, Egypt's state media reported that interim president Adly Mansour has revoked amnesties for 52 people pardoned in 2012-13 by ousted president Mohamed Mursi, including Islamists affiliated with the banned Muslim Brotherhood.
    (AP, 5/30/14)

2014        May 31, Egypt's outgoing interim President Adly Mansour issued a decree making dishonoring the Egyptian flag or not standing for the national anthem a criminal offense, punishable by sentences of up to one year in prison and a fine of more than $4,000.
    (AP, 5/31/14)
2014        May 31, In southwest Egypt smugglers killed 6 army border guards, including an officer, in a gunbattle in in the Wadi el-Gadid province.
    (AP, 6/1/14)

2014        Jun 1, Egypt's stock market witnessed a sharp plunge that forced a temporary suspension of trading after reports of a newly proposed government tax on capital gains which experts said was hardly explained to investors.
    (AP, 6/1/14)

2014        Jun 2, Egypt’s Fayoum Criminal Court sentenced 28 supporters of deposed Islamist President Mohammed Morsi to life sentences in absentia, and 15 others to three years in prison, over violence following the ouster of Morsi last July.
    (AP, 6/2/14)

2014        Jun 3, In Egypt sexual assaults on women took place during public celebrations of Pres. El-Sisi’s electoral victory. On Aug 7 a court sentenced two men to life in prison and a 3rd to 20 years on charges that included kidnapping, attempted rape, torture and attempted murder.
    (SFC, 8/8/14, p.A2)

2014        Jun 5, Egypt’s outgoing Pres. Adly Mansour decreed sexual harassment a crime punishable by up to five years in prison.
    (SFC, 6/6/14, p.A2)

2014        Jun 7, An Egyptian court sentenced 10 supporters of the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood to death in absentia, but postponed sentencing of its leader and other senior members tried in the case. Those sentenced were convicted on charges including inciting violence and blocking a major road north of Cairo during protests after the army toppled Islamist President Mohamed Mursi last July. A Cairo appeals court canceled a prison sentence against a police officer convicted in connection with the deaths of 39 people last year during political violence.
    (Reuters, 6/7/14)

2014        Jun 8, Egypt's former army chief Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi was sworn in as president for a four-year term.
    (AP, 6/8/14)

2014        Jun 11, An Egyptian court convicted Alaa Abdel-Fattah, a prominent activist from the 2011 uprising, for demonstrating without permit and assaulting a policeman, sentencing him to 15 years in prison.
    (AP, 6/11/14)

2014        Jun 12, An Egyptian court acquitted former Hosni Mubarak interior minister Habib al-Adly of corruption in a retrial after he had been sentenced to 12 years in 2011.
    (AFP, 6/12/14)

2014        Jun 13, In Egypt a policeman in Cairo's Maadi district was shot and killed from atop a nearby building while he broke up a pro-Brotherhood protest of about 50 people. Other small protests took place in the provinces of Sharqiya and Daqahliyah as well as in Assiut, south of Cairo.
    (Reuters, 6/13/14)

2014        Jun 14, Egyptian security forces confiscated copies of Wasla (Link), a human rights group's newsletter, saying the publication threatened the government.
    (AP, 6/15/14)

2014        Jun 15, Egyptian security forces said they have seized the Zad chain of supermarkets owned by Khairat el-Shater and the Seoudi chain of Abdulrahman el-Seoud, two leading figures of the Muslim Brotherhood, as part of the government's crackdown against the banned organization.
    (Reuters, 6/15/14)

2014        Jun 16, In Egypt clashes between security forces and Islamist supporters of deposed President Mohammed Morsi left one policeman dead in southern Cairo.
    (AP, 6/16/14)

2014        Jun 17, Egypt released Abdullah Elshamy (26), a jailed Al-Jazeera journalist, citing health conditions. Elshamy had been on a hunger strike for over four months to protest his prolonged detention without charges.
    (SFC, 6/18/14, p.A2)

2014        Jun 18, An Egyptian court sentenced 12 supporters of ousted Islamist president Mohamed Morsi to death on charges connected to the fatal shooting of a police general last year.
    (AFP, 6/18/14)

2014        Jun 20, In Egypt two people were killed in Cairo in clashes during demonstrations by supporters of ousted Islamist president Morsi.
    (AP, 6/20/14)

2014        Jun 21, An Egyptian court confirmed death sentences against Mohamed Badie, the leader of the Muslim Brotherhood, and 182 supporters, in a mass trial of Islamists who ruled Egypt for a year but face a fierce crackdown under the new president, Abdel Fattah al-Sisi.
    (Reuters, 6/21/14)

2014        Jun 23, An Egyptian court convicted three Al-Jazeera journalists, Australian Peter Greste, Canadian-Egyptian Mohamed Fahmy and Egyptian Baher Mohammed, and sentenced them to seven years in prison each on terrorism-related charges in a verdict that stunned their families and raised international outrage.
    (AP, 6/23/14)
2014        Jun 23, An Egyptian court sentenced to life in prison 24 Islamists for killing a taxi driver who had put in his car a picture of Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, the ex-army chief turned president.
    (AFP, 6/23/14)

2014        Jun 24, Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi said he will not interfere in court rulings, rebuffing calls from the United States and other Western governments that he pardon or commute the sentences of three Al-Jazeera journalists handed heavy prison terms a day earlier. El-Sissi also said he will donate half of his personal wealth and half of his salary to help the country's crippling economy, the improvement of which he said requires sacrifices from all Egyptians.
    (AP, 6/24/14)
2014        Jun 24, An Egyptian court convicted Kerolos Ghattas (30), an Egyptian Christian, to six years imprisonment for blasphemy and contempt of religion. He was arrested earlier this month for posting pictures deemed insulting to Islam on his Facebook page.
    (AP, 6/24/14)

2014        Jun 25, In Egypt eight people were hurt in northern Cairo when homemade explosive devices blew up at four metro stations and a courthouse.
    (Reuters, 6/25/14)
2014        Jun 25, In Egypt education authorities overturned a post-revolutionary reform that allowed for deans and presidents of state universities to be elected.
    (Econ, 6/28/14, p.41)

2014        Jun 28, In Egypt two bombs exploded at a small telephone exchange on Cairo's outskirts, killing an 18-year-old woman.
    (Reuters, 6/28/14)

2014        Jun 29, An Egyptian appeals court upheld a blasphemy conviction against Abdel-Nour, a Coptic Christian teacher, and sentenced her to six months in prison, overturning an earlier ruling that only imposed a fine.
    (AP, 6/30/14)

2014        Jun 30, In Egypt 2 police officers were killed while trying to defuse makeshift bombs planted near Cairo's presidential palace close to the anniversary of the army's overthrow of an elected Islamist president. The militant group Ajnad Misr, or Soldiers of Egypt, claimed responsibility.
    (Reuters, 6/30/14)

2014        Jul 1, Egyptian police arrested four Islamist leaders who back Mohamed Morsi, two days ahead of protests their alliance has called to mark the first anniversary of his ouster.
    (AFP, 7/1/14)

2014        Jul 2, Egyptian police arrested four members of Islamist militant group Ansar Beit al-Maqdis (Partisans of Jerusalem) over bomb blasts near a presidential palace, although another group (Ajnad Misr or Soldiers of Egypt) claimed it had planted the explosives.
    (AFP, 7/2/14)

2014        Jul 3, In Egypt 2 men were killed in a bomb blast in Cairo, one of several explosions on the anniversary of the army's removal of Egypt's elected Islamist president Mohamed Mursi. Nearly 200 people were arrested and 3 killed in clashes between security forces and protesters.
    (Reuters, 7/3/14)(Reuters, 7/4/14)(SFC, 7/4/14, p.A2)

2014        Jul 4, In Egypt 3 people were believed killed in an explosion at a house south of Cairo used for making bombs.
    (Reuters, 7/4/14)

2014        Jul 5, An Egyptian court sentenced Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie to life in prison for inciting violence that erupted after the army deposed Islamist President Mohamed Mursi last year. Some 36 other Brotherhood leaders and supporters were convicted for the same crime.
    (Reuters, 7/5/14)
2014        Jul 5, Egypt's government drastically raised fuel prices to tackle a bloated subsidy system, in a potentially unpopular move that might blow back on newly elected President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi.
    (AFP, 7/5/14)

2014        Jul 9, In Egypt a soldier was killed and four others wounded after an armored tank drove over an explosive device in Rafah, near the border with Israel.
    (Reuters, 7/9/14)

2014        Jul 10, Egypt opened its Rafah border crossing to Gaza to receive wounded Palestinians as Israel pounded the enclave with air strikes.
    (AFP, 7/10/14)

2014        Jul 11, In Egypt clashes in Cairo between protesting supporters of ousted Pres. Morsi and local residents opposed to the Muslim Brotherhood left 2 people dead.
    (SFC, 7/12/14, p.A2)

2014        Jul 12, Egyptian police said they have arrested a driver for raping a Russian tourist in a resort town. Cairo police said they have arrested a low-ranking officer who groped a Tunisian woman at Cairo airport.
    (AP, 7/12/14)

2014        Jul 13, In Egypt three small bombs exploded in a western Cairo suburb, targeting an electricity transmission pylon and cutting power to the area for nearly an hour.
    (AFP, 7/13/14)

2014        Jul 14, In Egypt a Cairo appeals court ruled that leaders of the former ruling party of ousted Pres. Mubarek will not be barred from running for elections.
    (SFC, 7/15/14, p.A2)
2014        Jul 14, Israel agreed to an Egyptian truce plan, proposed late today. Under it, a 12-hour period of de-escalation was to begin at mid-morning July 15. Once both sides agree to halt hostilities, they would negotiate the terms of a longer-term truce.
    (AP, 7/15/14)

2014        Jul 15, An Egyptian truce proposal for the conflict in Gaza quickly unraveled, after the Islamic militant Hamas rejected the plan. Gaza militants fired scores of rockets at Israel and Israel responded with more than a dozen air strikes. Aid agencies warned that hundreds of thousands of Gazans were without water after air strikes wrecked the water and sewage system. The whole strip was threatened with a water crisis. Local officials in Gaza said the death toll had risen to 192.
    (AP, 7/15/14)(Reuters, 7/15/14)

2014        Jul 16, An Egyptian court sentenced seven men to life in prison over sexual assaults at Cairo's Tahrir Square, including during celebrations marking Abdel Fattah al-Sisi's presidential election victory last month.
    (AFP, 7/16/14)

2014        Jul 19, Egyptian soldiers in north Sinai prevented an aid convoy of activists from reaching the Rafah border crossing with the embattled Palestinian Gaza Strip.
    (AFP, 7/19/14)
2014        Jul 19, In Egypt militants firing rocket-propelled grenades and machine guns attacked the El-Farafrah border security post., 630 km (390 miles) west of Cairo, killing 22 soldiers and wounding another four near the border with Libya.
    (AFP, 7/20/14)

2014        Jul 23, The Egyptian army reportedly killed 3 militants in their car during a raid in the Sinai region. Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis later said the militants were killed by an Israeli drone.
    (Reuters, 7/25/14)

2014        Jul 25, In Egypt 2 high-ranking police and army officers were shot dead by unknown assailants in the Sinai region near the border with Israel.
    (Reuters, 7/25/14)

 2014        Jul 26, Egyptian soldiers killed 12 suspected militants and arrested 11 others in the northern Sinai. An insurgent-fired rocket struck a house in the town of Sheikh Zuwayed, killing 3 civilians and wounding nine. Egypt's chief prosecutor charged 20 suspected militants of Ajnad Misr (Soldiers of Egypt) with carrying terrorist attacks that killed seven people and wounded more than 100. 26 suspected militants were killed in northern Sinai over the last two days.
    (AP, 7/26/14)(SSFC, 7/27/14, p.A5)
2014        Jul 26, In Egypt 4 children were killed and five other people were injured when a rocket landed near their homes in Rafah, near the Sinai border with Gaza. Security sources said the rocket was likely fired by Islamist militants operating in the Sinai peninsula.
    (Reuters, 7/27/14)
2014        Jul 26, In Libya 23 people, all Egyptian workers, were killed in the capital Tripoli when a rocket hit their home during clashes between rival militias battling over the city's main airport.
    (Reuters, 7/27/14)

2014        Jul 27, Egypt's army said it has destroyed 13 more tunnels connecting the Sinai Peninsula to the Gaza Strip, taking to 1,639 the overall number it has laid waste to.
    (AFP, 7/27/14)

2014        Jul 28, Egyptian troops killed 7 suspected militants and arrested five as part of an ongoing offensive in the volatile Sinai Peninsula. A girl (9) was killed when a rocket hit the ground outside a house in the town of Sheikh Zuwaid, northern Sinai.
    (AP, 7/29/14)(AFP, 7/28/14)

2014        Jul 31, Egypt told the Islamic Jihad it is delaying talks on a long-term Gaza ceasefire after Israel revealed one of its soldiers may have been captured.
    (AFP, 8/1/14)
2014        Jul 31, In Libya 2 Egyptians were killed when Libyan guards opened fire to disperse them as they tried to cross the border to Tunisia.
    (Reuters, 8/1/14)

2014        Aug 1, Tunisia closed its main border crossing with Libya after thousands of stranded Egyptian and foreign nationals, fleeing militias' fighting and violence in Libya, tried to break through the passage. Tunisian guards shot into the air and fired tear gas to stop a group of Egyptians from storming across the border.
    (AP, 8/2/14)(Reuters, 8/1/14)

2014        Aug 2, President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi said an Egyptian truce plan provides a "real chance" to end the Gaza conflict, stressing the need for its speedy implementation.
    (AFP, 8/2/14)

2014        Aug 3, Egyptian troops killed 11 militants in shoot-outs in the restive Sinai Peninsula where security forces have battled an insurgency since president Mohamed Morsi's overthrow.
    (AFP, 8/4/14)
2014        Aug 3, In Libya the exodus of foreigners gathered pace as the government said at least 22 people were killed in clashes in Tripoli and warned of a "worsening humanitarian situation." Thousands of Egyptians seeking to flee were being airlifted home after being allowed into neighbouring Tunisia.
    (AFP, 8/3/14)

2014        Aug 4, Egypt said it plans to build a new Suez Canal alongside the existing 145-year-old historic waterway in a multi-billion dollar project aimed at expanding trade along the fastest shipping route between Europe and Asia.
    (Reuters, 8/5/14)
2014        Aug 4, Palestinian groups including envoys of Hamas and Islamic Jihad held their first formal meeting in Cairo with Egyptian mediators hoping to secure a durable ceasefire with Israel after more than three weeks of fighting. Israel declined to send its envoys.
    (Reuters, 8/4/14)

2014        Aug 5, In Egypt militants attacked a police checkpoint in the Dhabaa area in the coastal province of Matrouh, killing 5 policemen and losing 4 of their own in the ensuing gunbattle.
    (AP, 8/6/14)

2014        Aug 6, A Gaza truce was holding as Egyptian mediators pursued talks with Israeli and Palestinian representatives on an enduring end to a war that has devastated the Hamas Islamist- dominated enclave.
    (Reuters, 8/6/14)

2014        Aug 10, King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia discussed developments in Syria, Iraq, Gaza and Libya with Egypt’s Pres. Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, during Sisi's first visit to his regime's powerful ally since winning May elections.
    (AFP, 8/11/14)

2014        Aug 11, Egyptian authorities stopped the executive director of Human Rights Watch and another US staffer from entering the country ahead of the release of a critical report by the group on mass killings by security forces last summer.
    (AP, 8/11/14)

2014        Aug 12, Russian President Vladimir Putin hosted his Egyptian counterpart Abdel Fattah al-Sisi for talks about Cairo's purchase of advanced surface-to-air missiles and membership in a Moscow-led free trade zone.
    (AFP, 8/12/14)
2014        Aug 12, The New-York based Human Rights Watch called for an international commission of inquiry into mass killings by Egyptian security forces last summer, saying they likely amount to crimes against humanity.
    (AP, 8/12/14)

2014        Aug 14, Egypt 4 Islamist protesters and a policeman were shot dead in Cairo, one year after government forces killed hundreds of demonstrators in the worst bloodshed in Egypt's recent history. 30 members of the Brotherhood were arrested for rioting.
    (Reuters, 8/14/14)(AFP, 8/15/14)

2014        Aug 15, In Egypt 3 people were killed as supporters and opponents of ousted Islamist president Mohamed Morsi clashed after Friday prayers.
    (AFP, 8/15/14)

2014        Aug 16, Egypt’s PM Ibrahim Mehlib blamed saboteurs for some 300 attacks on electricity pylons nationwide that have deepened the country’s energy shortage.
    (SSFC, 8/17/14, p.A4)

2014        Aug 18, In Egypt gunmen shot and killed a policeman on patrol and wounded another in the Nile Delta province of Gharbiya.
    (AP, 8/18/14)
2014        Aug 18, In Libya unidentified warplanes bombed militia positions in Tripoli. They were later identified as aircraft based in Egypt and flown by pilots from the UAE.
    (Reuters, 8/18/14)(Reuters, 8/19/14)(Econ, 8/30/14, p.44)

2014        Aug 20, In Egypt 4 beheaded corpses were found by residents of Sheikh Zuwaid in the Sinai Peninsula. Residents found the bodies two days after the men were abducted by gunmen while travelling in a car in the town. Security sources blamed Islamist militants waging an insurgency against Cairo. On Aug 28 Sinai-based Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis said the four men had been spying for Israel's Mossad spy agency.
    (Reuters, 8/20/14)(Reuters, 8/28/14)

2014        Aug 21, Egypt's Cairo airport and Tunisia cancelled most flights to and from Libya, days after the Libyan government said unidentified war planes had attacked positions of armed groups in Tripoli.
    (Reuters, 8/21/14)

2014        Aug 23, Egypt called on Israel and the Palestinians to halt fire and resume peace talks, but violence continued unabated with Israeli air strikes in the Gaza Strip and Hamas militants firing rockets at the Jewish state. The Israeli military said Palestinian gunmen had fired almost 500 rockets at Israel since the talks broke down and Gaza health officials said 65 Palestinians had been killed in Israeli air strikes since then.
    (Reuters, 8/23/14)
2014        Aug 23, In Libya unidentified war planes attacked positions of an armed faction in Tripoli. They were later identified as aircraft based in Egypt and flown by pilots from the UAE. 15 fighters were reported killed and dozens wounded. Islamist fighters in the Fajr Libya (Libyan Dawn) coalition said they have captured Tripoli's battered international airport. Fighting erupted between renegade general Khalifa Haftar’s troops and allied army special forces with Islamists in two Benghazi suburbs, killing 8 soldiers and wounding 35. Egypt denied any air operations in Libya.
    (AP, 8/23/14)(AFP, 8/24/14)(Reuters, 8/24/14)(SFC, 8/25/14, p.A2)(Econ, 8/30/14, p.44)

2014        Aug 24, In Egypt Mahienour el-Masry, a secular activist sentenced for protesting, began a hunger strike. At least a dozen protesters and activists behind bars have started a hunger strike in the past week, including prominent blogger and activist Alaa Abdel-Fattah.
    (AP, 8/25/14)

2014        Aug 25, Egypt proposed a new ceasefire that would open key crossings into Gaza where violence reverberated with at least 8 Palestinians killed in Israeli air strikes.
    (AFP, 8/25/14)
2014        Aug 25, American officials confirmed that jets of the United Arab Emirates launched two attacks in seven days on the Islamists in Tripoli using bases in Egypt.
    (AFP, 8/26/14)

2014        Aug 26, In Egypt two microbuses racing down a narrow rural road in near the ancient city of Luxor collided and plunged into a canal early, killing 18 passengers including 8 children.
    (AP, 8/26/14)

2014        Aug 30, An Egyptian court sentenced Mohamed Badie, general guide of the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood, and seven others to life in prison for inciting violence during protests last year. Badie and 182 Muslim brotherhood supporters were sentenced to death in a mass trial last June over violence that erupted in Minya governorate which led to the killing of a police officer.
    (Reuters, 8/30/14)

2014        Aug, In Egypt an American supervisor for Apache Oil was killed in an apparent carjacking in the Western Desert. On Nov 30 the militant group Ansar Beit al-Maqdis said it had killed William Henderson (58) and published pictures of his passport and two identification cards.
    (AP, 12/1/14)

2014        Sep 2, In Egypt 11 policemen were killed when a roadside bomb blast struck their armored vehicle in the restive Sinai Peninsula. Ansar Beit al-Maqdis (Partisans of Jerusalem), an Al-Qaeda-inspired group based in the Sinai, soon claimed responsibility.
    (AFP, 9/2/14)(AP, 9/4/14)

2014        Sep 3, An Egyptian policeman was shot dead and two colleagues wounded in attacks in the restive Sinai Peninsula.
    (AFP, 9/3/14)

2014        Sep 6, Egypt charged ousted president Mohamed Mursi and nine others with endangering national security by leaking state secrets and sensitive documents to Qatar, furthering a state crackdown on his outlawed Muslim Brotherhood.
    (Reuters, 9/6/14)
2014        Sep 6, Egypt’s top prosecutor ordered seven men detained and physically examined over accusations of “debauchery," after a video emerged of a same-sex wedding party. On Nov 1 eight men were convicted of “indecent dabauchery" following their appearance at the wedding party.
    (SSFC, 9/7/14, p.A8)(SSFC, 11/2/14, p.A3)

2014        Sep 7, Arab foreign ministers meeting in Cairo agreed to take the "necessary measures" and were prepared to cooperate internationally to confront Islamic State militants.
    (AFP, 9/7/14)

2014        Sep 9, An Egyptian court sentenced Mohamed El-Beltagy, a leader of the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood, and Safwat Hegazy, an Islamist cleric, to 20 years in prison for attempting to kill two policemen.
    (Reuters, 9/9/14)

2014        Sep 14, Egypt’s Interior Minister Mohamed Ibrahim said 7 jihadists were killed in a shootout in the Sinai peninsula during a joint operation by police and the army.
    (AFP, 9/14/14)
2014        Sep 14, The Egyptian coast guard arrested 157 migrants of different nationalities including Palestinians who had been planning to sail illegally in a rickety fishing boat from Egyptian shores to Italy.
    (AP, 9/14/14)

2014        Sep 15, An Egyptian court sentenced the Muslim Brotherhood's top official Mohamed Badie and 14 others to life in jail on charges of murder and inciting violence during a protest near Cairo last year. Prominent activist Alaa Abdel-Fattah was released on 5,000 Egyptian pounds ($714) bail along with two other activists. He faced retrial on a 15-year prison sentence for violating a draconian protest law.
    (Reuters, 9/15/14)(AP, 9/15/14)

2014        Sep 16, In southern Egypt a couple hundred Christian protesters clashed with police after holding a demonstration in front of a police station demanding authorities locate an abducted housewife.
    (AP, 9/16/14)
2014        Sep 16, In Egypt a powerful explosion killed 5 police conscripts and an officer near the border town of Rafah in the restive Sinai Peninsula.
    (AP, 9/16/14)

2014        Sep 17, Alexander Fomin, the head of a Russian state arms agency, said Russia and Egypt have reached a preliminary deal for Cairo to buy arms worth $3.5 billion from Moscow.
    (Reuters, 9/17/14)

2014        Sep 19, In Egypt the decapitated body of a man was found in a town in the Sinai Peninsula, the latest in a series of beheadings allegedly carried out by jihadists.
    (AFP, 9/19/14)

2014        Sep 21, In Cairo, Egypt, at least 2 policemen were killed when a bomb exploded near a checkpoint outside foreign ministry headquarters.
    (AFP, 9/21/14)

2014        Sep 22, In Egypt rival Palestinian factions Hamas and Fatah began reconciliation talks in Cairo, one day ahead of negotiations with Israel on cementing the Aug. 26 truce that ended a 50-day war in Gaza.
    (AP, 9/22/14)

2014        Sep 23, Egyptian-mediated talks resumed in Cairo between Israel and the Palestinians on cementing a ceasefire in Gaza.
    (Reuters, 9/23/14)

2014        Sep 25, Egyptian courts sentenced nearly 100 people to prison for up to 25 years after finding them guilty of violence during protests in support of ousted Islamist president Mohamed Morsi.
    (AFP, 9/25/14)

2014        Sep 28, In Egypt an appeals court acquitted 112 people convicted of holding an illegal protest on the third anniversary of the 2011 revolt that toppled Hosni Mubarak.
    (AFP, 9/28/14)

2014        Oct 2, Egypt's army killed Mohamed Abu Shatiya, a field commander in Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis, the country's most dangerous Islamist militant group, during clashes in the lawless north of the Sinai Peninsula.
    (Reuters, 10/2/14)

2014        Oct 5, An Egyptian jihadist group released a video showing the execution of 4 men, including three being beheaded, accused of spying for the army and for Israel's Mossad intelligence service.
    (AFP, 10/6/14)

2014        Oct 7, Egyptian military officials said troops have killed 16 members of an al-Qaida-inspired militant group in the restive Sinai Peninsula. Four leading members of Ansar Beit al-Maqdis were arrested during the operations.
    (AP, 10/7/14)

2014        Oct 10, Egyptian security arrested 40 supporters of ousted Islamist President Mohammed Morsi's Muslim Brotherhood in Cairo and Egypt's second city Alexandria during protests.
    (AP, 10/10/14)

2014        Oct 11, In Egypt a Cairo court convicted Mohammed el-Beltagy, a leading Muslim Brotherhood figure, and two other Islamists and sentenced them to 15 years in prison each on charges of torturing a man during the 2011 protests against then-President Hosni Mubarak.
    (AP, 10/11/14)

2014        Oct 12, In Cairo, Egypt, US Sec. of State John Kerry presided over a conference on peace in the Middle East and announced an additional $212 million in US aid to Palestinians in the Gaza Strip. Qatar said it would provide $1 billion in reconstruction assistance for Gaza, while fellow Gulf Arab states Kuwait and United Arab Emirates promised $200 million each. Germany also announced it would contribute 50 million euros ($63 million) to reconstruction efforts in Gaza.
    (Reuters, 10/12/14)
2014        Oct 12, Egyptian police backed by armored vehicles stormed the campuses of at least two prominent universities to quell anti-government protests by students.
    (AP, 10/12/14)

2014        Oct 13, In southern Egypt 30 people died in a collision between three minibuses in Aswan province.
    (AFP, 10/13/14)

2014        Oct 16, In Egypt 3 police conscripts were killed in a rocket-propelled grenade attack in the Sinai Peninsula.
    (AP, 10/17/14)

2014        Oct 18, In Egypt at least 3 soldiers died when a smuggling tunnel on the border with the Gaza Strip collapsed on them as they were investigating it. The interior ministry said that security forces have arrested 52 suspected militants who operated in eight different cells with the aim of targeting Egypt's infrastructure.
    (AP, 10/18/14)

2014        Oct 19, In Egypt 6 security force personnel were killed by a remotely detonated roadside bomb in the Sinai Peninsula as they patrolled a natural gas pipeline.
    (AP, 10/19/14)(Reuters, 10/24/14)

2014        Oct 24, In Egypt 30 soldiers were killed in the Sinai Peninsula by a car bomb that targeted two armored vehicles stopped at a checkpoint. Gunmen also shot dead an officer and wounded two soldiers on Friday at another checkpoint south of El-Arish
    (AP, 10/24/14)(AFP, 10/25/14)

2014        Oct 25, Egypt imposed a state of emergency across much of the Sinai Peninsula after 30 soldiers were killed in a suicide car bombing a day earlier by suspected jihadists. Egypt also announced it would close the Rafah crossing into the Gaza Strip.
    (AFP, 10/25/14)

2014        Oct 26, An Egyptian court convicted 23 activists, including prominent rights campaigners, of staging an illegal demonstration and sentenced them each to three years in jail.
    (AP, 10/26/14)

2014        Oct 29, Hundreds of Egyptians living along the border with the Gaza Strip evacuated their homes, after the army ordered them out to make way for a planned buffer zone meant to stop militants and smugglers.
    (AP, 10/29/14)

2014        Oct, In Egypt the National Council for Childhood and Motherhood (NCCM) documented 300 cases of assault on children this month, including 27 boys and girls raped and 23 murdered, 13 of them by parents.
    (AFP, 12/13/14)

2014        Nov 5, In Egypt a bomb on a train killed 4 people including two policemen in Menufiya province. Blasts in the Cairo metro and near a presidential palace wounded several others.
    (AFP, 11/6/14)

2014        Nov 7, In Egypt at least 3 people were killed and eight wounded in separate incidents involving Islamist protesters and militants across the country.
    (Reuters, 11/7/14)

2014        Nov 10, Egypt-based Ansar Beit al-Maqdis, which has carried out a string of deadly attacks from its stronghold in the Sinai Peninsula, said it was pledging its loyalty to the self-declared IS "caliph", Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi.
    (AFP, 11/10/14)

2014        Nov 13, In Egypt Islamic militants set up roadblocks and killed five policemen and soldiers the restive northern Sinai Peninsula, where authorities have declared a state of emergency following a major attack that killed 31 troops last month.
    (AP, 11/13/14)

2014        Nov 17, Egypt’s state MENA news agency said a decision has been taken to increase the buffer zone along the border in Rafah to one km. This came after the discovery of underground tunnels with a total length of 800 to 1,000 meters.
    (Reuters, 11/17/14)
2014        Nov 17, In Egypt a woman (19) diagnosed with bird flu died, the second fatality from the H5N1 virus this year in the country.
    (AP, 11/17/14)

2014        Nov 18, In Egypt 7 civilians and 3 militants were killed in an exchange of fire between militants and the army in North Sinai.
    (SFC, 11/19/14, p.A2)

2014        Nov 20, An Egyptian court acquitted Dr. Raslan Fadl charged with committing female genital mutilation that led to a 13-year-old girl's death in a Nile Delta village. This was the country's first trial on charges of breaking the 2008 ban on the practice.
    (AP, 11/20/14)
2014        Nov 20, Egypt arrested Mohammed Ali Bishr, a leading Muslim Brotherhood member linked to a call for demonstrations at the end of the month. He had played a key role in negotiations between his now-banned group and the government.
    (AP, 11/20/14)

2014        Nov 25, In Egypt an apartment building in Cairo collapsed, killing at least 17 people as rescuers and neighbors frantically dug through rubble with their hands to find survivors. Neighbors said the seven-story building had several floors illegally added onto it.
    (AP, 11/25/14)

2014        Nov 26, Egypt opened the Rafah border crossing for the first time in a month to allow thousands of stranded Palestinians to return to the Gaza Strip. The frontier remained closed in the other direction.
    (Reuters, 11/26/14)

2014        Nov 28, Egyptian security forces quickly put down scattered protests as an attempt by Islamists to hold the first major anti-government rallies in months fizzled, with at least two protesters and three army and navy officers killed in separate incidents.
    (AP, 11/28/14)

2014        Nov 29, An Egyptian court dropped its case against former Pres. Hosni Mubarak (86) over the killing of protesters in the 2011 uprising that ended his 30-year rule and symbolized hopes for a new era of political openness and accountability. Two people were killed and nine were wounded, when security forces fired tear gas and birdshot to disperse about 1,000 protesters who attempted to enter Tahrir Square.
    (Reuters, 11/29/14)(Reuters, 11/30/14)

2014        Nov 30, Protests erupted at universities across Egypt, condemning a court decision to drop criminal charges against Hosni Mubarak, the president whose ouster in the 2011 uprising raised hopes of a new era of political openness.
    (AP, 11/30/14)

2014        Dec 7, Egyptian security forces raided a bath house and arrested 25 men for homosexuality, dragging them naked out of the building in downtown Cairo.
    (AP, 12/8/14)

2014        Dec 9, Egyptian pro-democracy activist Ahmed Douma was sentenced to three years in jail after he accused the judge of bias and denounced his trial on charges of violence against the state as political.
    (Reuters, 12/9/14)

2014        Dec 13, An Egyptian official said Egypt’s top prosecutor has referred over 400 suspected Islamists to military tribunals for last year’s acts of violence and killings of policemen.
    (SSFC, 12/14/14, p.A6)

2014        Dec 14, Egypt's stock market plunged by 22 billion Egyptian pounds (just over $3 billion) in a single day of trading as low oil prices dragged down regional economies.
    (AP, 12/14/14)
2014        Dec 14, In Egypt gunmen killed 2 policemen in a drive-by shooting in El-Arish the Sinai Peninsula.
    (AFP, 12/14/14)
2014        Dec 14, An Egyptian fishing boat crashed into a container ship in the Gulf of Suez, killing 13 fishermen. The captain and first officer of the Kuwaiti container ship were soon detained.
    (AP, 12/14/14)(Reuters, 12/16/14)

2014        Dec 18, An Egyptian court sentenced 40 backers of ousted Islamist president Mohamed Morsi to up to 15 years in jail for violence including torching churches.
    (AFP, 12/18/14)

2014        Dec 21, Egypt opened the Rafah border crossing for incoming passengers from the Gaza Strip for the first time in almost two months. Rafah would open for two days to allow Gazans with serious illnesses to travel to Egypt and beyond for treatment and to allow foreign nationals and students to travel.
    (Reuters, 12/21/14)
2014        Dec 21, Egyptian state media reported that a court has jailed Mohamed Ali Abdel Baki, a Suez Canal shipping services manager, for 10 years on charges of spying for Israel about naval movements through the strategic waterway.
    (AFP, 12/21/14)

2014        Dec 25, In Egypt a roadside bomb explosion struck an army vehicle in the volatile Sinai Peninsula, killing an army captain and a soldier.
    (AP, 12/26/14)

2014        Dec 27, In Egypt gunmen on a motorbike killed a policeman and wounded another in a drive-by shooting in Cairo.
    (AFP, 12/27/14)
2014        Dec 27, An Egyptian appeals court reduced the sentences of eight men convicted on charges of "inciting debauchery" for taking part in an alleged same-sex wedding party from three years to one year in prison.
    (AP, 12/27/14)

2014        Dec 28, Egypt said it has banned Ridley Scott's biblical epic "Exodus: Gods & Kings" because the Hollywood blockbuster distorts Egypt's history and presents a "racist" image of Jews.
    (AP, 12/28/14)
2014        Dec 28, An Egyptian appeals court upheld the conviction of 23 activists, including prominent rights defender Sanaa Seif, for staging an illegal protest, but reduced their sentences from three years to two.
    (AP, 12/28/14)

2015        Jan 1, Egypt’s President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi addressed Muslim clerics and called on them to promote a reading of Islamic text in an enlightened manner and to reconsider concepts that have been made sacred over hundreds of years.
    (SFC, 1/9/15, p.A3)
2015        Jan 1, Defense lawyers said Egypt's highest court has ordered a retrial of three jailed journalists working for Al Jazeera television, citing procedural flaws in last year's trial.
    (Reuters, 1/1/15)

2015        Jan 2, Egyptian troops opened fire on six Gazans who had illegally crossed into the Egyptian Sinai, where the army has created a buffer zone to prevent the movement of militants. Ashraf al-Qudra (17) was killed.
    (AFP, 1/3/15)

2015        Jan 6, In Egypt gunmen opened fire and killed two policemen guarding a Coptic church south of Cairo.
    (AP, 1/6/15)

2015        Jan 8, Egypt’s military said the army is doubling the size of a buffer zone along the border with the Gaza Strip, an operation that will involve the destruction of 1,220 more homes and the eviction of residents.
    (AP, 1/8/15)

2015        Jan 11, In Egypt a police captain was snatched from a taxi by gunmen as he headed to work at the Rafah border crossing with the Gaza Strip. On Jan 13 the officer was found shot dead near the village of el-Muqatta, near the Gaza border. The military said it killed 10 militants in clashes during the search for the kidnapped captain.
    (AP, 1/13/15)(AFP, 1/13/15)

2015        Jan 12, An Egyptian court acquitted 26 men accused of "debauchery" after their night-time arrest last September from a Cairo bathhouse for suspected homosexual activity.
    (AFP, 1/12/15)

2015        Jan 13, An Egyptian appeals court overturned a three-year prison sentence against ousted strongman Hosni Mubarak on corruption charges and ordered a retrial in the sole case pending against him.
    (AFP, 1/13/15)
2015        Jan 13, Britain launched a trade mission to Egypt with more than 40 companies received in Cairo, the largest such effort in over a decade by the top foreign investor in the Arab world's most populous country.
    (AP, 1/13/15)

2015        Jan 17, In Egypt actress Faten Hamama (b.1931), a pillar of Middle Eastern cinema, died after a career that spanned seven decades and graced the golden age of Egyptian filmmaking. Her 1975 film "I Want a Solution" gave a scathing critique of divorce and marriage laws in Egypt, while 1965's "The Sin" focused on the oppression of struggling peasants.
    (AP, 1/18/15)

2015        Jan 22, An Egyptian court ordered the release of ousted president Hosni Mubarak's two sons pending their retrial on corruption charges.
    (AFP, 1/22/15)

2015        Jan 23, An Egyptian student was killed during clashes between Muslim Brotherhood protesters and local residents in the Mediterranean city of Alexandria.
    (Reuters, 1/23/15)

2015        Jan 24, Egyptian judicial sources said a court has ordered a retrial for 37 Muslim Brotherhood members sentenced to death and 115 others sentenced to life in a mass trial last March. Female protester Shaimaa el-Sabagh was fatally shot by police in Cairo.
    (Reuters, 1/24/15)(SSFC, 1/25/15, p.A8)

2015        Jan 25, In Egypt clashes between police and Islamist protesters in an eastern Cairo district left 9 demonstrators dead. Another protester was killed in clashes in the Mediterranean port city of Alexandria. 2 suspected Islamists were killed in the Nile Delta province of Beheira when an explosive device they were planting under a high-voltage tower exploded. Police arrested 516 supporters of the blacklisted Muslim Brotherhood during violence that erupted as the country marked the fourth anniversary of its January 25 uprising. Shaimaa Sabbagh (32) was shot. A photograph of her bleeding to death went viral and caused an international outcry. On March 17 a police officer was charged over her shooting.
    (AP, 1/25/15)(AFP, 1/26/15)(Reuters, 3/17/15)

2015        Jan 26, An Egyptian appeals court convicted a doctor of manslaughter and performing female genital mutilation that led to the death of a 13-year-old girl, sentencing him to two years and three months in prison in the country's first case that came to trial over the widespread practice. Dr. Raslan Fadl was initially acquitted of the 2013 death of Sohair el-Batea.
    (AP, 1/26/15)

2015        Jan 27, Egypt's highest appeal court upheld convictions and three-year prison sentences prominent activists Ahmed Maher, Ahmed Douma and Mohammed Adel, for violating the country's draconian law on protests.
    (AP, 1/27/15)

2015        Jan 29, In Egypt a group of women protested in Cairo against the death of Shaimaa Sabbagh (22) and around 25 other activists allegedly killed by security forces at recent rallies marking the 4th anniversary of Egypt's 2011 uprising.
    (Reuters, 1/29/15)(Econ, 1/31/15, p.40)
2015        Jan 29, In Egypt at least 30 soldiers and police officers were killed in four separate attacks in the Sinai Peninsula. Most of the casualties occurred in the bombing of a military hotel and base in al-Arish. Two children, one of them 6 months old, died a day later from wounds suffered.
    (Reuters, 1/30/15)

2015        Jan 30, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi cut short a visit to Ethiopia for an African Union summit after the Islamic State's Egyptian wing claimed the killing of at least 30 soldiers and police officers in the Sinai Peninsula. An interior ministry employee was killed in North Sinai.
    (Reuters, 1/30/15)(AFP, 1/31/15)

2015        Jan 31, An Egyptian court banned the armed wing of Palestinian group Hamas and listed it as a terrorist organization, a ruling in keeping with a systematic crackdown on Islamists by Pres. Abdel Fattah al-Sisi.
    (Reuters, 1/31/15)

2015        Feb 1, Egypt deported Al-Jazeera reporter Peter Greste to his native Australia after holding him for more than 400 days despite global condemnation. Colleagues, Canadian-Egyptian Mohamed Fahmy and an Egyptian producer, Baher Mohamed, remained in prison.
    (AFP, 2/1/15)
2015        Feb 1, In Egypt three men were killed by police in separate incidents under circumstances indicating abuse of police authority.
    (SFC, 3/7/15, p.A3)

2015        Feb 2, An Egyptian court sentenced 183 supporters of the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood to death. The men were convicted of playing a role in the killings of 16 policemen in the town of Kardasa in August, 2013.
    (Reuters, 2/2/15)

2015        Feb 3, In Egypt a roadside bomb near Alexandria killed a bystander and injured two others. Authorities defused two more explosives at Cairo International Airport.
    (AP, 2/3/15)

2015        Feb 4, An Egyptian court sentenced 230 people, including one of the leading activists behind the country's 2011 uprising, to life in prison after finding them guilty of taking part in clashes between protesters and security forces later that year. All were tried in absentia except Ahmed Douma, a secular activist who is already serving a three-year-sentence for breaking a draconian law regulating protests. Thirty other people, all minors, were sentenced to 10 years in prison.
    (AP, 2/4/15)

2015        Feb 6, Egyptian military air strikes killed 27 Islamic militants in the Northern Sinai in one of the biggest security operations in the region in months.
    (Reuters, 2/6/15)
2015        Feb 6, Hundreds of Palestinians demonstrated outside Egypt's diplomatic mission in Gaza City, to protest a Cairo court ruling designating Hamas's armed wing, the Ezzedine al-Qassam Brigades, as a terrorist group.
    (AFP, 2/6/15)

2015        Feb 7, An alleged audiotape aired on a Brotherhood-allied TV station  in which Egypt’s Pres. Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi and a top aide purportedly banter about how rich Persian Gulf Arabs are and add up the billions they intend to seek. Financial help, estimated at some $32 billion, has helped keep Egypt afloat after years of instability. On Feb 9 el-Sissi called leaders of Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and the UAE, praising their wisdom and saying relations won’t be undermined by “nefarious attempts" to do so.
    (http://tinyurl.com/lyprfja)(SFC, 2/11/15, p.A2)
2015        Feb 7, In Egypt 3 policemen were shot dead and two others injured when they came under fire while conducting a raid against a group of criminals near the southern city of Minya.
    (AP, 2/7/15)

2015        Feb 8, In Egypt 22 soccer fans died of suffocation from tear gas and a stampede outside a Cairo stadium in a melee with security forces. Authorities said it was sparked when hard-core Zamalek fans known as Ultras White Knights tried to force their way into the stadium without tickets. The violence prompted the Cabinet to suspend the national football league indefinitely. Police arrested 21 soccer fans in the wake of the stampede.
    (AP, 2/9/15)(AP, 2/10/15)

2015        Feb 10, Egypt's Pres. Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi said Egypt and Russia have agreed to build a nuclear power plant together. El-Sissi also said the two nations signed agreements to improve natural gas business and investment. They also agreed to create a Russian industrial zone along the Suez Canal. This came during a joint press conference in Cairo with visiting Russian President Vladimir Putin.
    (AP, 2/10/15)
2015        Feb 10, In Egypt five bombs exploded outside police stations in Egypt's second city of Alexandria, wounding 10 civilians.
    (AFP, 2/10/15)

2015        Feb 11, Egypt's highest appeals court overturned death sentences for 36 members of the Muslim Brotherhood, which the government has labelled a terrorist group, and ordered a retrial. The case stemmed from an August 2013 attack on a police station in the southern town of el-Adwa when a police officer and a civilian were killed.
    (AP, 2/11/15)

2015        Feb 12, An Egyptian judge ordered the release on bail of Mohammed Fahmy and Baher Mohammed, a pair of Al-Jazeera English journalists being retried on terror-related charges. Also being freed on bail are 11 other defendants in the case, mostly students charged with involvement with the Muslim Brotherhood.
    (AP, 2/12/15)
2015        Feb 12, France and Egypt agreed a deal worth more than 5 billion euros ($5.7 billion) for the sale of Dassault Aviation-built Rafale fighter jets, a naval frigate and missiles.
    (Reuters, 2/12/15)

2015        Feb 13, In Egypt a roadside bomb in Cairo killed a police captain and wounded eight other people. Egyptian warplanes killed 8 suspected Islamist militants in Rafah, Sinai.
    (Reuters, 2/13/15)

2015        Feb 15, In Egypt gunmen opened fire on a traffic police patrol in the Nile Delta town of Benha, killing one policeman and wounding three others.
    (AP, 2/15/15)
2015        Feb 15, Islamic State militants in Libya released a video showing the beheading of 21 Egyptian Christians. The 21 Egyptian Coptic Christians, who had gone to Libya in search of work, were marched to a beach, forced to kneel and then beheaded on video.
    (Reuters, 2/16/15)

2015        Feb 16, Egyptian jets bombed Islamic State targets in Libya, a day after the group there released a video showing the beheading of 21 Egyptian Christians. 40 to 50 militants were reported killed along with 7 civilians.
    (Reuters, 2/16/15)(Econ., 2/21/15, p.44)

2015        Feb 21, An Egyptian court acquitted former oil minister Sameh Fahmi, as well as five other officials, in a retrial after a 2012 conviction for selling Israel natural gas at below market price. They had served under ex-strongman Hosni Mubarak.
    (AFP, 2/21/15)

2015        Feb 23, An Egyptian court sentenced prominent activist Alaa Abdel Fattah to five years in jail for violating limits on demonstrations, part of one of the toughest crackdowns on dissent in Egypt's history.
    (Reuters, 2/23/15)

2015        Feb 24, It was reported that Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi has issued a law that broadens the state's definition of terrorism to include anyone who threatens public order "by any means," and gives authorities powers to draw up lists of alleged terrorists with little judicial recourse. The legislation was signed in the form of a decree last week and was distributed to reporters today.
    (AP, 2/24/15)
2015        Feb 24, In Egypt a court in Cairo cleared Habib el-Adly, the former interior minister of former Pres. Hosni Mubarak, of the last of several criminal charges that have kept him behind bars.
    (SFC, 2/25/15, p.A2)

2015        Feb 26, In Egypt six small bombs exploded in the Giza district across the Nile from Cairo killing one person and wounding ten others.
    (SFC, 2/27/15, p.A2)
2015        Feb 26, Egyptian police arrested three men suspected of torturing and killing a chained dog with knives, after horrific footage of the incident sparked outrage in the country. On March 11 a court convicted four men over the grisly killing and sentenced them to three years in prison.
    (AFP, 2/26/15)(AP, 3/11/15)

2015        Feb 27, An Egyptian senior army officer was killed and another was injured when a cross-border smuggling tunnel with the Gaza Strip collapsed after troops in Rafah went into it to investigate.
    (AP, 2/27/15)

2015        Feb 28, An Egyptian court listed the Palestinian group Hamas as a terrorist organization. Another court sentenced the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood's top leader Mohamed Badie and 13 others to life in prison while four members received the death penalty. Two of those sentenced to death and three sentenced to life were tried in absentia.
    (Reuters, 2/28/15)

2015        Mar 1, Egypt's army said at least 172 militants were killed in February in joint police and military operations in the restive Sinai.
    (AFP, 3/1/15)

2015        Mar 2, In Egypt an explosion in Cairo near the High Court killed 2 people.
    (SSFC, 3/8/15, p.A4)

2015        Mar 3, In Egypt five improvised bombs exploded in Cairo's Matariya district in an apparent targeting of Vodafone and Mobinil mobile-phone stores.
    (SSFC, 3/8/15, p.A4)(http://tinyurl.com/n2vdh5r)

2015        Mar 7, Egypt Interior Ministry said that Mahmoud Ramadan was executed after being convicted of murder. He was said to be behind the deaths of a young man and a child who were thrown off a roof on July 5, 2013, two days following the ouster of Pres. Morsi.
    (AP, 3/7/15)

2015        Mar 8, In Egypt two bombs exploded in the Mediterranean city of Alexandria, one outside a popular supermarket chain and another near a police station, killing one person and wounding at least 9.
    (AP, 3/8/15)

2015        Mar 9, Egypt temporarily opened a crossing with the Gaza Strip, allowing students, patients seeking medical care and dual nationals to leave the territory for the first time in nearly two months.
    (AP, 3/9/15)
2015        Mar 9, In Egypt a roadside bomb killed 3 soldiers in the Sinai peninsula.
    (AP, 3/9/15)

2015        Mar 10, In Egypt a suicide bomber and roadside explosives targeting police and military in the northeastern Sinai Peninsula killed 2 and wounded 46. In a city south of Cairo, 2 suspected militants died when a bomb they were carrying on a motorbike exploded.
    (AP, 3/10/15)

2015        Mar 13, Egypt opened an int’l. conference to promote an ambitious recovery plan. Kuwait, the UAE and Saudi Arabia all promised investments and aid of $4 billion each.
    (SFC, 3/14/15, p.A2)
2015        Mar 13, Egypt's government announced plans to build a new capital adjacent to Cairo, in a massive new project that in its first phase would cost $45 billion and take up to seven years to complete.
    (AP, 3/13/15)

2015        Mar 14, An Egyptian disciplinary court ordered 41 judges into compulsory retirement for supporting the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood.
    (Reuters, 3/14/15)
2015        Mar 14, In Egypt a garbage collector and his donkey were killed in a bomb explosion in a Cairo district.
    (AP, 3/15/15)
2015        Mar 14, Germany’s Siemens AG signed $10.5 billion deal with Egypt to build power plants to boost the country’s electricity generating capacity by up to a third.
    (SSFC, 3/15/15, p.A4)

2015        Mar 19, An Egyptian court acquitted Habib al-Adly, the former interior minister of ousted president Hosni Mubarak, in the last corruption case he was facing.
    (AFP, 3/19/15)

2015        Mar 21, In Egypt at least 12 workers were killed when their bus plunged into a canal west of Cairo.
    (AP, 3/21/15)

2015        Mar 24, The leaders of Egypt and Ethiopia promised to boost cooperation on the Nile river and turn a page on a long-running row over Addis Ababa's controversial dam project.
    (AFP, 3/24/15)

2015        Mar 26, Warplanes from a Saudi-led Arab coalition bombed Huthi Shiite rebels in support of Yemen's embattled president, as regional rival Iran warned the intervention was a "dangerous" move. Egypt participated in the Saudi-led campaign against Shi'ite Houthis militias in Yemen with its naval and air forces. The US military rescued two Saudi pilots who ejected from their jet off Yemen's coast.
    (AFP, 3/26/15)(Reuters, 3/26/15)(AFP, 3/27/15)

2015        Mar 27, Egyptian and Saudi Arabian warships deployed to the Bab al-Mandab strait off Yemen to secure the strategic sea passage.
    (SFC, 3/28/15, p.A3)

2015        Mar 28, In Egypt a bomb wounded four civilians and four policemen outside Cairo University.
    (AFP, 3/28/15)

2015        Mar 29, Egypt's top prosecutor named 18 Muslim Brotherhood members, including the group's leader and his deputy, as terrorists in the first implementation of an anti-terror law passed earlier this year.
    (AP, 3/29/15)
2015        Mar 29, Arab leaders meeting in Egypt agreed to form a joint military force after a summit dominated by a Saudi-led offensive on Shiite rebels in Yemen and the threat from Islamist extremism.
    (AFP, 3/29/15)
2015        Mar 29, In Egypt 14 people were killed and seven injured in a car crash involving three vehicles in the southern province of Sohag.
    (AP, 3/30/15)

2015        Mar 31, Pres. Obama removed his holds on the delivery of F-16 aircraft, Harpoon missiles and M1A1 tanks kits to Egypt and assured Pres. Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi that he would continue to support $1.3 billion in annual military assistance.
    (SFC, 4/1/15, p.A2)

2015        Apr 1, Egypt's Pres. Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi welcomed the restoration of US military aid, a victory in his quest to eliminate some of the last international penalties on his government following his 2013 overthrow of the country's elected Islamist president.
    (AP, 4/1/15)
2015        Apr 1, Amnesty Int’l. released its latest annual report on the death penalty. It said Egypt and Nigeria had accounted for over 1,000 of the 2,466 death sentences in 55 countries reported last year.
    (SFC, 4/3/15, p.A3)( http://tinyurl.com/k4kowoz)

2015        Apr 2, Jihadists in Egypt's Sinai killed 15 soldiers and 3 civilians in attacks on five checkpoints. Military sources said 15 militants also died in an exchange of fire but the toll could not be verified by medics. The Islamic State's branch in Egypt soon claimed responsibility.
    (AFP, 4/2/15)(AP, 4/3/15)

2015        Apr 5, In Egypt a bomb blast on a bridge leading to an upscale neighborhood in central Cairo killed a policeman and wounded at least two passers-by. The group Ajnad Misr claimed responsibility. Security forces said Hamam Mohamed Attia, the founder and leader of Ajnad Misr, was killed by security forces early today.
    (AP, 4/5/15)(Reuters, 4/5/15)

2015        Apr 11, An Egyptian criminal court sentenced Mohammed Soltan (27), a dual US-Egyptian citizen on a months-long hunger strike, to life in prison on charges of financing an anti-government sit-in and spreading false news. He was arrested in August 2013, when security forces came looking for his father at his house. They didn't find the father at the time, but arrested him instead. The court also sentenced Mohamed Badie, leader of the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood, and 13 other senior members of the group to death for inciting chaos and violence, and gave a life term to a US-Egyptian citizen for ties to the Brotherhood.
    (AP, 4/11/15)    (Reuters, 4/12/15)
2015        Apr 11, Egyptian jihadists, who pledged allegiance to the Islamic State group, posted a video online overnight appearing to show them shooting dead an Egyptian soldier and beheading another captive.
    (AFP, 4/11/15)

2015        Apr 12, In Egypt a roadside attack on an armored military vehicle in the town of Sheikh Zuweid North Sinai, killed six soldiers and wounded two others. Hours later a suicide truck bombing at a police station in El-Arish killed 8 people.
    (Reuters, 4/12/15)(AFP, 4/13/15)

2015        Apr 13, In Egypt separate militant attacks in the Sinai Peninsula killed one soldier and wounded another.
    (AFP, 4/13/15)

2015        Apr 15, In Egypt a Cairo criminal court jailed deposed Islamist president Mohamed Morsi's former chief of staff for three years after he was convicted of abusing his powers. Refaa al-Tahtawi had been charged with hiring someone banned from public service. An official said a roadside bomb has exploded in a Nile Delta city, killing two Military Academy students and wounding five other people.
    (AFP, 4/15/15)(AP, 4/15/15)

2015        Apr 19, An Egyptian court sentenced 11 football fans to death after a retrial over a February 2012 stadium riot in Port Said that left 74 people dead. An appeals court had ordered the retrial of 73 defendants in February last year after rejecting a lower court verdict sentencing 21 people to death for being involved in the incident.
    (AFP, 4/19/15)

2015        Apr 20, An Egyptian court sentenced 22 members of the Muslim Brotherhood to death over an attack on a police station in a district outside Cairo in 2013.
    (Reuters, 4/20/15)

2015        Apr 21, In Egypt Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Mursi was sentenced to 20 years in prison without parole on charges arising from the killing of protesters, nearly three years after he became the country’s first freely elected president. 12 other Brotherhood members were also sentenced to 20 years on charges of violence, kidnapping and torture stemming from the killing of protesters in 2012.
    (Reuters, 4/21/15)

2015        Apr 24, In Egypt 4 Islamists were killed in an accidental explosion while preparing bombs on a farm in the province of Beni Suef south of Cairo.
    (AFP, 4/25/15)

2015        Apr 29, An Egyptian court jailed 69 Islamists for life for torching a church near Cairo in August 2013, as anger flared over a crackdown on supporters of ousted president Mohamed Morsi.
    (AFP, 4/29/15)
2015        Apr 29, The leaders of Cyprus, Egypt and Greece agreed to step up cooperation on combatting terrorism amid fears that worsening security conditions in neighboring countries such as Libya could threaten the region.
    (AP, 4/29/15)

2015        Apr 30, Spain's King Felipe VI hosted Egypt’s Pres. Abdel Fattah al-Sisi for lunch in Madrid after the interior ministers from both nations signed an agreement to boost cooperation against illegal immigration, terrorism and organized crime.
    (AFP, 4/30/15)

2015        May 4, An Egyptian court sentenced to death five men convicted of killing 13 policemen in a town near Cairo during a deadly security crackdown on ousted president Mohamed Morsi's supporters on August 14, 2013.
    (AFP, 5/4/15)

2017        In Egypt A $7.2 billion set of reclamation mega projects was scheduled for completion. The Toshka land reclamation project aimed to create 540,000 acres of new agricultural land.
    (SFC, 12/25/00, p.A16)

2028        It was feared in 1998 that Egypt’s oasis at the Siwa depression would drown due to the increase in private wells. The 35 square mile area is 142 feet below sea level.
    (SFC, 7/11/98, p.A12)

2030        Egypt’s population was expected to reach 116 million by this year.
    (Econ., 2/21/15, p.72)

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