1764 The French
established the 1st settlement on the Falkland Islands.
(Econ, 7/15/06, p.36)
France handed its settlement on the Falkland Islands over to Spain.
(Econ, 7/15/06, p.36)
Spain established a small settlement on the Falkland Islands, which
lasted to 1811. An Argentine outpost was established in the 1820s.
(Econ, 4/7/07, p.36)
Jul 9, Argentina declared independence from Spain. Argentina assumed
that the Malvina Islands (Falkland Islands) were included.
(AP, 7/9/97)(SFC, 6/19/98, p.A12)
1833 Jan 3, Britain ousted a small
group of Argentine settlers and seized control of the Malvina
Islands (Falkland Islands) in the South Atlantic. In 1982 Argentina
seized the islands, but Britain took them back after a 74-day war.
(AP, 1/3/98)(SFC, 4/3/02, p.A7)
1914 Dec 8, The German cruisers
Scharnhorst, Gneisenau, Nurnberg, and Leipzig were sunk by a British
force under Adm. Sturdee in the Battle of the Falkland Islands.
1,800 German sailors were killed including Adm. Von Spee and his 2
sons. Over 2,500 lives were lost in a single day.
3/02, p.11)(SSFC, 10/6/02, p.C12)
Jul 1, Great Britain and Argentina signed an accord on sea and air
links to the Falkland Islands, which later caused a war (1982).
Jan 13, Argentina ousted a British envoy in dispute over the
Falkland Islands War.
Apr 2, Several thousand troops from Argentina
seized the disputed Falkland Islands, located in the south Atlantic,
from Britain but Lady Thatcher had Britain take them back the
following June. Britain fought with Argentina in the Falkland
Islands War, also known as the Falklands War, the Malvinas War and
the South Atlantic War. The short, undeclared war between the two
nations was fought over claims to the Falkland Islands (Islas
Malvinas) and neighboring islands. Argentina had laid claims to the
territories since the 19th century, but spurred by a related dispute
on South Georgia island and political expediency, the military
government of Argentina invaded the Falkland Islands. A British
naval task force was assembled and headed towards the war zone by
late April. British forces established a beachhead on the Falklands
in late May. With the surrender of the Argentine garrison at Stanley
on June 14, the conflict was essentially over.
(TMC, 1994, p.1982)(AP, 4/2/99)(HNQ, 1/10/01)
Apr 3, Britain dispatched a naval task force to the south Atlantic
to reclaim the disputed Falkland Islands from Argentina. The UN
Security Council demanded Argentina withdraw from Falkland Islands.
May 2, In the Falklands War the Argentine cruiser General Belgrano
was sunk by the British submarine Conqueror, killing more than 350
men. Some 600 Argentine sailors were killed when the Belgrano was
sunk. Lord Terence Thornton Lewin (d.1999 at 78), British military
commander, was regarded as the one who persuaded Margaret Thatcher
to order the sinking.
(SFC, 1/25/99, p.A20)(http://tinyurl.com/gbplz)
May 4, The British destroyer HMS Sheffield was hit by Exocet rocket
off the Falkland Islands. 20 men died and a further 24 were injured
in the sinking of the Sheffield, the first British warship to be
lost in 37 years.
May 21, During the Falklands War, British amphibious forces landed
on the beach at San Carlos Bay.
Jun 14, Argentine forces surrendered to British troops on the
disputed Falkland Islands. 970 people were killed including 255
British soldiers. Argentine dictator Leopaldo Galtieri led the
initial attack in the 72-day war. The dead in the ten-week war
included 712 Argentines, 255 Britons and 3 islanders. In 2003 it was
revealed that some British ships carried nuclear depth charges. In
2005 Lawrence Freedman authored “The Official History of the
Falklands Campaign, Volumes I and II. In 2007 Hugh McManners
authored “Forgotten Voices of the Falklands: The Real Story of the
Falklands War in the Words of Those Who Were There."
(AP, 6/14/97)(WSJ, 12/8/03, p.A1)(Econ, 7/16/05,
p.81)(Econ, 5/19/07, p.88)
Jun 17, Pres. Galtieri resigned after leading Argentina to defeat in
Falkland Islands War.
1982 Falkland Islands Gov. Sir
Rex Hunt (d.2012) returned to the islands after British forces
defeated Argentine invaders. He had been captured by Argentine
forces and expelled to Uruguay.
(SFC, 11/14/12, p.C3)
Aug 13, In the Maldives 3,000 people gathered outside the police
headquarters Friday demanding the release of prisoners. The
government arrested 185 people, including a former minister and a
one-time attorney general.
Jul 15, GDP for the Falkland Islands was estimated at $25,000 per
head. Fishing licenses around the Falkland Islands generated some
$40 million a year. Seismic studies indicated a possible 500,000
barrels of oil in the surrounding waters. Britain insisted that it
would not discuss sovereignty of the islands unless its 3,000
citizens there requested it.
(Econ, 7/15/06, p.38)
Nov 5, Queen Elizabeth II approved a new constitution for the
Falkland Islands. It formalizes the system of self-government on the
South Atlantic archipelago, while giving Britain the final say on
foreign policy, policing and the administration of justice.
Feb 16, Argentina’s Pres. Cristina Fernandez issued a decree seeking
to control all shipping to and from the Falkland Islands, escalating
her fight with Britain over drilling for oil and gas in the South
(SFC, 2/17/10, p.A2)
2010 Feb 22, Latin American and
Caribbean nations backed Argentina's claim of sovereignty to the
Falkland Islands in a growing dispute with Britain over plans to
drill for oil off the islands in the Atlantic. British exploration
company Desire Petroleum PLC said it started drilling for oil about
62 miles north of the disputed islands.
(AP, 2/23/10)(SFC, 2/23/10, p.A2)
2010 May 18, Britain rebuffed a
new appeal by Argentina to resume talks with London over the
long-disputed Falklands Islands in the south Atlantic.
2011 Dec 20, The South American
trading bloc Mercosur -- which includes Brazil, Argentina and
Uruguay -- agreed to close its ports to ships flying the flag of the
British-controlled Falkland Islands.
2012 Feb 7, Argentina's Pres.
Cristina Fernandez accused Britain of "militarizing the South
Atlantic" and said she would complain to the UN, as tension rises
ahead of the 30th anniversary of the Falklands war.
2012 Feb 10, Argentina accused
Britain of sending nuclear weapons to the disputed Falkland islands,
while UN leader Ban Ki-moon appealed to both sides to avoid an
"escalation" of their sovereignty battle.
2012 Feb 28, Argentina's
Industry Minister Debora Giorgi called on firms importing British
products to buy substitute goods elsewhere, amid rising tension over
the disputed Falkland islands.
2012 Feb 29, Britain accused
Argentina of pursuing a "policy of confrontation" over the disputed
Falkland Islands after the country's industry minister called for a
block on British imports.
2012 Jun 4, Argentina declared
British oil exploration off the Falklands "illegal" and immediately
set about suing five companies for pursuing activities around the
2013 Jan 3, Argentine Pres.
Cristina Fernandez called on Britain to relinquish control of the
(SFC, 1/4/13, p.A2)
2013 Mar 10, Falkland Islanders
began voting in a 2-day referendum on their political status as the
government mobilized a major effort to get as many of its 1,650
registered voters as possible.
2013 Mar 11, Residents of the
Falkland Islands voted almost unanimously to stay under British rule
in a referendum. The official count showed 99.8 percent of islanders
voted in favor of remaining a British Overseas Territory in the
2014 Nov 19, Argentina’s lower
house of Congress approved a measure ruling that all public
transportation must display a sign saying “Las Malvina son
Argentinas" (The Falklands are Argentine), after getting approval
from the Senate.
(SFC, 11/21/14, p.A2)