Timeline Falkland Islands

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The Argentines call these islands Islas Malvinas.
    (SFEC, 12/20/98, p.T2)

See Falkland Island Timeline by Roger Lorton:

1690        An Englishman made the 1st landing on the Falkland Islands.
    (Econ, 7/15/06, p.36)

1764        The French established the 1st settlement on the Falkland Islands.
    (Econ, 7/15/06, p.36)

1766            France handed its settlement on the Falkland Islands over to Spain.
    (Econ, 7/15/06, p.36)

1774            Spain established a small settlement on the Falkland Islands, which lasted to 1811. An Argentine outpost was established in the 1820s.
    (Econ, 4/7/07, p.36)

1816            Jul 9, Argentina declared independence from Spain. Argentina assumed that the Malvina Islands (Falkland Islands) were included.
    (AP, 7/9/97)(SFC, 6/19/98, p.A12)

1833       Jan 3, Britain ousted a small group of Argentine settlers and seized control of the Malvina Islands (Falkland Islands) in the South Atlantic. In 1982 Argentina seized the islands, but Britain took them back after a 74-day war.
    (AP, 1/3/98)(SFC, 4/3/02, p.A7)

1914        Dec 8, The German cruisers Scharnhorst, Gneisenau, Nurnberg, and Leipzig were sunk by a British force under Adm. Sturdee in the Battle of the Falkland Islands. 1,800 German sailors were killed including Adm. Von Spee and his 2 sons. Over 2,500 lives were lost in a single day.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SMS_Leipzig)(ON, 3/02, p.11)(SSFC, 10/6/02, p.C12)

1971            Jul 1, Great Britain and Argentina signed an accord on sea and air links to the Falkland Islands, which later caused a war (1982).

1976            Jan 13, Argentina ousted a British envoy in dispute over the Falkland Islands War.
    (HN, 1/13/99)

1982            Apr 2,    Several thousand troops from Argentina seized the disputed Falkland Islands, located in the south Atlantic, from Britain but Lady Thatcher had Britain take them back the following June. Britain fought with Argentina in the Falkland Islands War, also known as the Falklands War, the Malvinas War and the South Atlantic War. The short, undeclared war between the two nations was fought over claims to the Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) and neighboring islands. Argentina had laid claims to the territories since the 19th century, but spurred by a related dispute on South Georgia island and political expediency, the military government of Argentina invaded the Falkland Islands. A British naval task force was assembled and headed towards the war zone by late April. British forces established a beachhead on the Falklands in late May. With the surrender of the Argentine garrison at Stanley on June 14, the conflict was essentially over.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1982)(AP, 4/2/99)(HNQ, 1/10/01)

1982            Apr 3, Britain dispatched a naval task force to the south Atlantic to reclaim the disputed Falkland Islands from Argentina. The UN Security Council demanded Argentina withdraw from Falkland Islands.
    (AP, 4/3/02)

1982            May 2, In the Falklands War the Argentine cruiser General Belgrano was sunk by the British submarine Conqueror, killing more than 350 men. Some 600 Argentine sailors were killed when the Belgrano was sunk. Lord Terence Thornton Lewin (d.1999 at 78), British military commander, was regarded as the one who persuaded Margaret Thatcher to order the sinking.
    (SFC, 1/25/99, p.A20)(http://tinyurl.com/gbplz)

1982            May 4, The British destroyer HMS Sheffield was hit by Exocet rocket off the Falkland Islands. 20 men died and a further 24 were injured in the sinking of the Sheffield, the first British warship to be lost in 37 years.

1982            May 21, During the Falklands War, British amphibious forces landed on the beach at San Carlos Bay.
    (AP, 5/21/07)

1982            Jun 14, Argentine forces surrendered to British troops on the disputed Falkland Islands. 970 people were killed including 255 British soldiers. Argentine dictator Leopaldo Galtieri led the initial attack in the 72-day war. The dead in the ten-week war included 712 Argentines, 255 Britons and 3 islanders. In 2003 it was revealed that some British ships carried nuclear depth charges. In 2005 Lawrence Freedman authored “The Official History of the Falklands Campaign, Volumes I and II. In 2007 Hugh McManners authored “Forgotten Voices of the Falklands: The Real Story of the Falklands War in the Words of Those Who Were There."
    (AP, 6/14/97)(WSJ, 12/8/03, p.A1)(Econ, 7/16/05, p.81)(Econ, 5/19/07, p.88)
1982            Jun 17, Pres. Galtieri resigned after leading Argentina to defeat in Falkland Islands War.

1982        Falkland Islands Gov. Sir Rex Hunt (d.2012) returned to the islands after British forces defeated Argentine invaders. He had been captured by Argentine forces and expelled to Uruguay.
    (SFC, 11/14/12, p.C3)

2004            Aug 13, In the Maldives 3,000 people gathered outside the police headquarters Friday demanding the release of prisoners. The government arrested 185 people, including a former minister and a one-time attorney general.
    (AP, 8/15/04)

2006            Jul 15, GDP for the Falkland Islands was estimated at $25,000 per head. Fishing licenses around the Falkland Islands generated some $40 million a year. Seismic studies indicated a possible 500,000 barrels of oil in the surrounding waters. Britain insisted that it would not discuss sovereignty of the islands unless its 3,000 citizens there requested it.
    (Econ, 7/15/06, p.38)

2008            Nov 5, Queen Elizabeth II approved a new constitution for the Falkland Islands. It formalizes the system of self-government on the South Atlantic archipelago, while giving Britain the final say on foreign policy, policing and the administration of justice.
    (AP, 11/7/08)

2010            Feb 16, Argentina’s Pres. Cristina Fernandez issued a decree seeking to control all shipping to and from the Falkland Islands, escalating her fight with Britain over drilling for oil and gas in the South Atlantic.
    (SFC, 2/17/10, p.A2)

2010        Feb 22, Latin American and Caribbean nations backed Argentina's claim of sovereignty to the Falkland Islands in a growing dispute with Britain over plans to drill for oil off the islands in the Atlantic. British exploration company Desire Petroleum PLC said it started drilling for oil about 62 miles north of the disputed islands.
    (AP, 2/23/10)(SFC, 2/23/10, p.A2)

2010        May 18, Britain rebuffed a new appeal by Argentina to resume talks with London over the long-disputed Falklands Islands in the south Atlantic.
    (AFP, 5/18/10)

2011        Dec 20, The South American trading bloc Mercosur -- which includes Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay -- agreed to close its ports to ships flying the flag of the British-controlled Falkland Islands.
    (AFP, 12/23/11)

2012        Feb 7, Argentina's Pres. Cristina Fernandez accused Britain of "militarizing the South Atlantic" and said she would complain to the UN, as tension rises ahead of the 30th anniversary of the Falklands war.
    (Reuters, 2/8/12)

2012        Feb 10, Argentina accused Britain of sending nuclear weapons to the disputed Falkland islands, while UN leader Ban Ki-moon appealed to both sides to avoid an "escalation" of their sovereignty battle.
    (AFP, 2/10/12)

2012        Feb 28, Argentina's Industry Minister Debora Giorgi called on firms importing British products to buy substitute goods elsewhere, amid rising tension over the disputed Falkland islands.
    (AFP, 2/29/12)

2012        Feb 29, Britain accused Argentina of pursuing a "policy of confrontation" over the disputed Falkland Islands after the country's industry minister called for a block on British imports.
    (AFP, 2/29/12)

2012        Jun 4, Argentina declared British oil exploration off the Falklands "illegal" and immediately set about suing five companies for pursuing activities around the contested islands.
    (AFP, 6/4/12)

2013        Jan 3, Argentine Pres. Cristina Fernandez called on Britain to relinquish control of the Falkland Islands.
    (SFC, 1/4/13, p.A2)

2013        Mar 10, Falkland Islanders began voting in a 2-day referendum on their political status as the government mobilized a major effort to get as many of its 1,650 registered voters as possible.
    (AP, 3/10/13)

2013        Mar 11, Residents of the Falkland Islands voted almost unanimously to stay under British rule in a referendum. The official count showed 99.8 percent of islanders voted in favor of remaining a British Overseas Territory in the two-day poll.
    (AP, 3/12/13)

2014        Nov 19, Argentina’s lower house of Congress approved a measure ruling that all public transportation must display a sign saying “Las Malvina son Argentinas" (The Falklands are Argentine), after getting approval from the Senate.
    (SFC, 11/21/14, p.A2)

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Subject = Falkland Islands
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