Timeline Finland

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  The Kalevala, 12,078 verses, is the national epic.
 (SFC, 2/3/99, p.A9)

7000BC    The Sami people began herding reindeer in northern Europe about this time as the last Ice Age ended. They were later considered to be Europe’s only indigenous people. By 2013 they numbered about 80,000 including 8,000 in Finland, 50,000 in Norway, 20,000 in Sweden and 2,000 in Russia.
    (SFC, 8/30/13, p.A2)

1475        The Olavinlinna castle was founded by the governor of Viipuri on the border between Sweden-Finland and Russia.
    (SFEC, 4/11/99, p.T4)

1550        Helsinki was founded by the Swedes.
    (SFEM, 8/8/99, p.44)

1743        Aug 17, By the Treaty of Abo, Sweden ceded southeast Finland to Russia, ending Sweden's failed war with Russia.
    (HN, 8/17/98)

c1890s          In the late 1800s Rosvo-Ronkainen, a notorious Finnish brigand, recruited only men who proved their worth by carrying heavy weight on a challenging track. This practice later developed into the sport of wife carrying.
    (WSJ, 7/2/03, p.A1)   

1806        May 12, J.V. Snellman, Finnish journalist, statesman and nationalist, was born. The day is remembered in Finland as Snellman day.
    (SC, internet, 5/12/97)

1809        Finland broke free of Sweden to become a Grand Duchy of Russia.
    (SFEC, 4/11/99, p.T4)

1809-1917    Finland was an autonomous grand duchy under the Czar of Russia.
    (WSJ, 12/17/98, p.A1)

1812-1840    Carl Ludvig Engel, a Prussian architect, redesigned and rebuilt Helsinki as the capital of the Grand Duchy of Finland-Russia.
    (SFEM, 8/8/99, p.44)

1852        In Finland the Lutheran Helsinki Cathedral was completed.
    (SSFC, 6/3/12, p.H4)

1854        May 5, English pirate Plumridge robbed along pro-English Finnish coast.
    (MC, 5/5/02)

1862        Jul 10, Helene Schjerfbeck (d.1946), Finnish painter, was born.

1865        Dec 8, Jean Sibelius (d.1957), composer (Valse Triste, Finlandia), was born as Johan Julius Christian in Tavastehus, Finland: “Pay no attention to what critics say. There has never been set up a statue in honor of a critic.
    (SFC,10/14/97,p.B3)(WUD,1994, p.1323)(SFEC,11/16/97, Z1 p.5)(MC, 12/8/01)

1865        In Finland the Nokia Co. began making wood and paper products. Later it diversified to cellular phones.
    (WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R42)(Econ, 12/6/08, p.85)

1867        Jun 4, Carl Gustaf Mannerheim, president of Finland, was born.
    (HN, 6/4/98)

1893        Jean Sibelius composed “Karelia."
    (SFC, 10/14/97, p.B3)

1898        Feb 3, Alvar Aalto (d.1979), Finnish architect, was born.
    (HN, 2/3/01)

1900        Urho Kekkonen, later president, was born in a sauna.
    (SFCM, 1/14/01, p.6)

1902        Mar 8, The 1st performance of Jean Sibelius' 2nd Symphony.
    (MC, 3/8/02)

1903        Dec 2, The play “Kuolema" (Death), a drama by Finnish writer Arvid Järnefelt, was first performed. It included incidental music by Jean Sibelius. The opening number, Valse Triste (Sad Waltz), was later adapted into a separate concert piece.
    (SFC, 10/14/97, p.B3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kuolema)

1906        Oct 1, In Finland the Parliament Act came into force. It replaced the old Diet dating back to the 17th century with a 200-seat unicameral Parliament and introduced universal suffrage.

1907        Mar 15-1907 Mar 16, Finland held elections and Finnish women became the first in the world to attain full political rights.

1908        At the Olympic games in England, Russia objected to separate medal totals and flag-flying for athletes from Finland, die to its control over Finland. The Finns marched with no flag.
    (WSJ, 4/12/08, p.R2)

1910        Aug 20, Eero Saarinen (d.1961), Finnish-US architect (IBM Building, MIT Chapel), was born in Rantasalmi, Finland.
    (MC, 8/20/02)

1915        Dec 8, Jean Sibelius' 5th Symphony in E, premiered.
    (MC, 12/8/01)

1917        Dec 6, Finland declared independence from Russia (National Day).
    (SFEM, 8/8/99, p.44)(MC, 12/6/01)

1917        Dec 9, New Finnish Republic demanded the withdrawal of Russian troops.
    (HN, 12/9/98)

1917        Dec 18, The Soviet regiment under Stalin and Lenin declared Finland Independent.
    (MC, 12/18/01)

1918        Jan 6, Germany acknowledged Finland’s independence.
    (HN, 1/6/99)

1918        Jan 27, Communists attempted to seize power in Finland.
    (HN, 1/27/99)

1918        Feb 22, Germany claimed the Baltic states, Finland and Ukraine from Russia.
    (MC, 2/22/02)

1918        Mar 7, Finland signed an alliance treaty with Germany.
    (HN, 3/7/98)

1918        Jun 3, The Finnish Parliament ratified its treaty with Germany.
    (HN, 6/3/98)

1918        Gustaf Mannerheim led a Finnish victory over much larger Bolshevik and Finnish Red Guard forces.
    (DrEE, 10/26/96, p.4)
1918        Idel-Ural (Volga-Ural), a 1917 union of Finno-Ugric people in the middle of Russia, was crushed by the Bolsheviks. Its foreign minister Sadri Maqsudi Arsal was welcomed in Finland and then Estonia.
    (Econ, 12/24/05, p.73)

1919        Jun 6, Finland declared war on Bolsheviks.
    (MC, 6/6/02)

1919        In Finland the Helsinki Central Station, designed by Eliel Saarinen, was completed.
    (SSFC, 6/3/12, p.H4)

1920        Oct 14, In the Dorpart Treaty the Soviet Bolsheviks reaffirmed Finnish independence, gave Finland the ice-free port of Pechenga towards the Arctic Ocean and put the Finnish border 18 miles west of Leningrad. The treaty, signed by Stalin, was precipitated by Gustaf Mannerheim’s victory over much larger Bolshevik and Finnish Red Guard forces in 1918.
    (DrEE, 10/26/96, p.4)

1921        The League of Nations granted the Aland Island group to the new Finnish Republic. Aland was populated by native Swedes. Under the accord Aland was given veto power in international treaties signed by Finland.
    (WSJ, 12/5/97, p.A1)

1923        Aug 22, Paavo Nurmi of Finland ran a world record mile (4:10.4).
    (MC, 8/22/02)

1924        The US dominated the summer Olympics in Paris and Finland ranked a distant 2nd.
    (Ind, 2/16/02, 6A)

1926        Apr 3, 1st performance of Jean Sibelius' 7th Symphony in C.
    (MC, 4/3/02)

1926        May 24, Paavo Nurmi ran world record 3000 meters in 8:25.4.
    (MC, 5/24/02)

1928        Finland signed the Berne Convention on Copyright (1886).
    (Econ, 2/18/12, ILp.21)

1930-1955    Finland engaged in a forced sterilization program that sterilized some 1,460 people over this period.
    (SFC, 8/28/97, p.A12)

1935        Feb 4, Martti Talvela, operatic basso, was born in Hiitola, Karelia, Finland.
    (MC, 2/4/02)

1939        Aug 23, German Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop and Soviet Commissar for Foreign Affairs Vyacheslav M. Molotov signed a Treaty of Non-Aggression, the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact freeing Hitler to invade Poland and Stalin to invade Finland. Secret protocols, made public years later, were added that assigned Finland, Estonia, Latvia and Bessarabia to be within the Soviet sphere of influence. Poland was partitioned along the rivers Narev, Vistula and San. Germany retained Lithuania enlarged by the inclusion of Vilnius. Just days after the signing, Germany invaded Poland, and by the end of September, both powers had claimed sections of Poland.
    (WP, 6/29/96, p.A16)(AP, 8/23/97) (HNPD, 8/22/98)(HN, 8/23/98)

1939        Oct 5, Soviet Foreign Minister Molotov invited the Finnish Foreign Minister, Elias Erkko, to come to Moscow for political discussions. The Finns delayed the meeting until Oct 12. Field Marshall Gustaf Mannerheim prepared Finland for war.
    (DrEE, 10/26/96, p.4)

1939        Oct 9, Full scale mobilization for war was called.
    (DrEE, 10/26/96, p.4)

1939        Oct 12-Nov 8, Finnish special envoy, Juho Paasikivi, began negotiations in Moscow. The Finns refused to allow the establishment of Soviet military bases.
    (DrEE, 10/26/96, p.4)

1939        Nov 10-Mar 13,1940, Finland began to wage a defensive war against the Soviet Union for 104 days.
    (DrEE, 10/26/96, p.4)

1939        Nov 26, Soviets charged Finland with an artillery attack on border leading to a 105-day Winter War. Soviet Foreign Minister V.M. Molotov accused Finnish troops of firing at the Russians across the 800-mile (1,300km) border near the southeastern  village of Mainila.
    (AP, 11/26/02)(AP, 11/30/09)

1939        Nov 28, USSR scraped its non-aggression pact with Finland.
    (HN, 11/28/98)

1939        Nov 29, Soviet planes bombed an airfield at Helsinki, Finland.
    (HN, 11/29/98)

1939        Nov 30, The Russo-Finnish war began when Stalin attacked Finland with 4 armies, 540,000 men, 2485 tanks, and 2000 guns. Finnish troops were led by Field Marshall Gustaf Mannerheim. Over the next two weeks, a greatly outnumbered Finnish army resisted the invasion of nearly fifty Red Army divisions--over one million men. The Finnish used forest combat to inflict heavy damage on the Russian invaders. The British and French came to the Finnish defense in mid-December but by March, the "Peace of Moscow" treaty was signed, and Finland ceded 16,000-square miles of land to the Soviet Union, including the city of Vyborg and the Karelian Isthmus.
    (DrEE, 10/26/96, p.4)(AP, 11/30/99)(MC, 12/30/01)

1939        Dec 6, Britain agreed to send arms to Finland.
    (HN, 12/6/98)

1939        Dec 9, A Russian air raid was made on Helsinki.
    (MC, 12/9/01)

1939        Dec 25, Finnish troops entered Soviet territory.
    (HN, 12/25/98)

1940        Jan 12, Soviet bombers raided cities in Finland.
    (HN, 1/12/99)

1940        Mar 2, Soviet armies conquered Tuppura Island, Finland.
    (SC, 3/2/02)

1940        Mar 12, Finland surrendered to Russia. Finland and the Soviet Union concluded an armistice during World War II. Fighting between the two countries flared again the following year.
    (HN, 3/12/98)(AP, 3/12/98)

1940        Mar 13, The 105-day war between Russia and Finland ended with the signing of a treaty in Moscow. Finland capitulated conditionally to Soviet terms, but maintains its independence. Some 27,000 Finnish soldiers were killed and 43,000 wounded in a population of 3.7 million. The Soviet Union put its losses at 217,500 dead or wounded.
    (HN, 3/13/01)(AP, 11/30/09)

1941        Jun 22, Finland invaded Karelia. When Germany attacked the Soviet Union in summer 1941, Finland joined in and began re-taking the lost territory.

1941        Jun 25, Finland declared war on the Soviet Union.
    (HN, 6/25/98)

1941        Jun 26, Finland entered WW II against Russia.
    (MC, 6/26/02)

1943        Feb 3, Finland began talks with the Soviet Union.
    (HN, 2/3/99)

1944        Mar 21, Finland rejected a Soviet armistice.
    (HN, 3/21/98)

1944        May 28, Katri Vala (42), Finnish poet, died.
    (MC, 5/28/02)

1944        Sep, Finland began fighting Nazi Germany in the Lapland War and continued to April 1945.
    (Econ, 3/30/13, p.54)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lapland_War)

1944        Retreating German troops burned Rovaniemi to cinders. The town was redesigned by Alvar Aalto, Finland's patron saint of modern design.
    (SFEC, 1/31/99, p.T8)

1945        Mar 3, Finland declared war on the Axis.
    (HN, 3/3/99)

1945        Jul 7, Matti Salminen, operatic basso (King Philip-Don Carlos), was born in Turku, Finland.
    (MC, 7/7/02)

c1945        Karelia was ceded to the Soviet Union as part of the peace terms following the 2 Finnish-Soviet wars from 1939-1944.
    (SFC, 12/12/00, p.B4)

1946        Jan 28, Helene Schjerfbeck (b.1862), Finnish painter, died. She did a 5 painting series of self-portraits that represented herself at various ages.
    (Econ, 11/24/07, p.91)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helene_Schjerfbeck)

1949        Aug-Sep, In Finland a wave of Communist strikes were defeated by firm government action and the loyalty of non-Communist workers.
    (EWH, 1968, p.1203)

1951        Armi Ratia, Finnish designer, expanded her husband's printing business into a fashionable "total work of art" business (Gesamtkunstwerk) that became "Marimekko."
    (WSJ, 1/6/04, p.D10)

1952        Aug 3, The 15th Olympic Games concluded in Helsinki. US competitors won 40 gold medals.
    (SFC, 8/2/02, p.E4)(SC, 8/3/02)

1956        Finland’s conservative party rule ended.
    (AP, 2/6/12)

1957        Sep 20, Jean Julius Christian Sibelius (b.1865), Finnish composer (Finlandia), died. He had published no music for the last three decades of his life.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean_Sibelius)(Econ, 2/18/12, ILp.20)

1958        Jun 30, Esa-Pekka Salonen, conductor (Giro), was born in Helsinki, Finland.
    (MC, 6/30/02)

1960        Aug 7, Vaino Hannikainen (60), Finnish composer, died.
    (MC, 8/7/02)

1957        Sep 20, Jean Julius Christian Sibelius (b.1865), Finnish composer (Finlandia), died.
    (SFC, 10/14/97, p.B3)(WUD, 1994, p.1323)(AP, 9/20/07)

1960        In Finland 3 teenage camping companions were found stabbed to death inside a tent by Lake Bodom. A 4th survived with multiple stab wounds. In 2005 Nils Gustafsson (63), the survivor, was charged with murdering his 3 companions.
    (AP, 8/16/05)

1961        May 29, Uuno Kalervo Klami (60), composer, died.
    (SC, 5/29/02)

1961        Sep 1, Eero Saarinen (51), Finnish-US architect (Dulles Airport), died.
    (MC, 9/1/02)

1964-1966    Johannes Virolainen (d.2000 at 86) served as prime minister.
    (SFC, 12/12/00, p.B4)

1965        Martti Ahtisaari, a primary school teacher, joined the Foreign Ministry.
    (SFC, 6/4/99, p.A10)

1967        Emil Petaja (d.2000 at 85), American science fiction writer, authored “Lord of the Green Planet." His 13 novels included a series based on the Kalevala, a Finnish epic poem. These included “Saga of Lost Earth" and “Tramontane."
    (SFC, 8/19/00, p.A19)

1972        May 18, Eero Aukusti Sipila (53), Finnish composer, died.

1972        Finland introduced comprehensive schools, a merger of specialist academic and vocational institutions, in the north and into the rest of the country over the next 4 years. In 2006 Finland ranked at the top in OECD Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) tests.
    (Econ, 6/28/08, p.66)

1973        Jul 3, The Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe (CSCE) opened in Helsinki with 35 states sending representatives.

1973        Oct 2, Paavo "Flying Finn" Nurmi (b.1897), Finnish runner, died. He won a total of 9 Olympic gold medals and 3 silver medals between 1920 and 1928.

1974        In Finland the home of composer Jean Julius Christian Sibelius, near Lake Tuusula, opened as a museum.
    (Econ, 2/18/12, ILp.20)

1975        Jul 30, Representatives of 35 countries convened in Finland for a conference on security and human rights that resulted in the Helsinki accords.
    (AP, 7/30/00)

1975        Aug 1, A 35-nation summit in Helsinki, Finland, concluded with the signing the Helsinki Accords, dealing with European security, human rights and East-West contacts.  The Helsinki Final Act, signed by 35 states, was an attempt to improve the relations between the Communist bloc and the West.
    (AP, 8/1/00)(www.hri.org/docs/Helsinki75.html)

1975        Joonas Kokkonen (1921-1996), Finnish composer, had his opera "The Last Temptations" first performed by the Finnish National Opera. He also composed 4 symphonies and numerous chamber and choral pieces.
    (http://virtual.finland.fi/netcomm/news/showarticle.asp?intNWSAID=26983)(SFC, 10/3/96, p.C6)

1976        May 11, Alvar Aalto (b.1898), Finnish architect, died. A show in 1998 featured his work and an accompanying book was published that covered his Nordic classicism of the 1920s to the completion of his Finlandia Hall in Helsinki in 1971.
    (WSJ, 7/28/00, p.W11C)(www.imdb.com/name/nm2043227/bio)

1987        In Finland the conservative party broke 21 years of being in the opposition when it joined the Social Democrats in government.
    (AP, 2/6/12)

1989        Oct 25, Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev began a three-day visit to Finland.
    (AP, 10/25/99)

1989        Nov 1, A Scandinavian Airlines System (SAS) and Finnair ban on smoking took effect for all Nordic flights.

1991        In Finland government action to rescue banks began with assistance to Skopbank.
    (http://tinyurl.com/26dosm)(Econ, 3/22/08, p.88)

1992        Mar 5, In Copenhagen the Ministers for Foreign Affairs of Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Poland, Russia and Sweden, in the presence of the representative from the European Commission, opened a 2-day meeting and decided to establish a Council of the Baltic Sea States to serve as a forum for guidance and overall coordination among the participating states. Iceland joined the CBSS in 1995
    (Econ, 6/7/08, p.63)(www.bmwi.de/English/Navigation/European-policy/baltic-market.html)

1992        Mar 18, Finland formally applies to join the European Communities.

1992        Mar, In Finland the US signed the Open Skies Treaty with 26 other nations to promote openness by allowing countries to gather information about each other through unarmed observation flights.
    (SFC, 8/5/97, p.A2)

1992        Apr, A state guarantee fund was set up in Finland. When this was restructured in February 1993, parliament resolved that the government would guarantee payments by Finnish banks. At its peak, Finland’s financial assistance to its banks was equivalent to 10% of GDP, offset by collection of receivables and proceeds from the sale of assets. The banks continued to produce operating losses until 1996.

1992        The Wife Carrying contest was initiated to revive a 200 year old tradition from when Ronkainen the Robber tested aspiring members of his gang by making them carry huge sacks on their backs through an obstacle course. Cash prizes and the wife’s weight in beer was awarded to the winners.
    (SFEC, 7/5/98, p.A2)

1994        Mar 1, Martti Ahtisaari was inaugurated as President of Finland.
    (SFC, 6/4/99, p.A10)(SC, 3/1/02)

1995        Jan 1, Austria, Finland and Sweden joined the European Union. Sweden held their elections to the parliament later that year on 17 September. Austria held its elections on 13 October, 1996 and Finland on 20 October, 1996.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_European_Union)(Econ, 5/1/04, p.26)

1995        Mar 19, Finnish voters throw out the center-right coalition government and give the opposition Social Democratic Party its biggest election victory since World War II.
    (AP, 3/19/02)

1996        Mar, Motorcycle gang Bandido leader Jarkko Kokko was shot dead on a central Helsinki street.
    (SFEC, 8/11/96, p.A13)

1996        May, The Finnish food company Raisio Group has invented a new product that blocks the body’s absorption of cholesterol. The new “pharmafood" is called benecol and based on a plant extract known as beta sitostanol, a plant sterol extracted from Nordic pine trees.
    (WSJ, 5/31/96, p.B3C)

1996        Jun, Finland’s latest unemployment rate was 16.7%.
    (SFC, 6/9/96, Par, p.9)

1996        Sep 19, The Arctic Council was founded to promote joint scientific research and to study pollution, conservation and mapping. The Ottawa Declaration named eight members of the Arctic Council: Canada, Russia, Norway, Denmark, Iceland, the United States, Sweden and Finland. The first step towards the formation of the Council occurred in 1991 when eight Arctic countries signed the Arctic Environmental Protection Strategy (AEPS).
    (Econ, 3/24/12, p.61)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arctic_Council)

1997        Mar 20, Bill Clinton and Boris Yeltsin met in Helsinki for talks on arms control and NATO expansion. They agreed to negotiate a new arms accord to reduce strategic warheads, and to give Russia a more formal role in the Group of Seven leading industrialized nations.
    (WSJ, 3/21/97, p.A1)(SFC, 3/22/97, p.A1)(AP, 3/20/98)

1997        Mar 21, President Clinton and Russian President Boris Yeltsin wrapped up their summit in Helsinki, Finland, still deadlocked over NATO expansion, but able to agree on slashing nuclear weapons arsenals.
    (AP, 3/21/02)

1998        May, The Kiasma Museum of Contemporary Art, designed by Steven Holl, opened in Helsinki. The name was taken after the Greek word for intersection, the x shape of the letter chi, and meant it to stand for a synthesis of building and landscape.
    (WSJ, 5/14/98, p.A20)

1998        Jul 4, In the annual Wife Carrying World Championships, 2 Estonian couples won top honors in the 278 yard course in Sonkajarvi.
    (SFEC, 7/5/98, p.A2)

1998        Jun, The Tampere Convention was negotiated in Finland to end excessive import duties and minimize barriers across national borders for telecommunications under emergency situations.
    (SFC, 11/18/98, p.C5)

1998        Dec, Martii Ahtisaari served as president.
    (WSJ, 12/17/98, p.A10)

1999        Jan 1, Finland along with 10 other European Union nations made the transition to the new Euro monetary system.
    (SFC, 1/1/99, p.A8)

1999        Feb 12, In Finland the parliament voted 171 to 4 to reduce the president's influence on foreign affairs and government formation.
    (SFC, 2/13/99, p.A5)

1999        Mar 21, In Finland the ruling social Democrats under Prime Minister Paavo Lipponen lost 12 seats but kept 51 in the 200-member Eduskunta. The Center Party gained 4 seats with voter frustration over unemployment.
    (SFC, 3/22/99, p.A10)(WSJ, 3/22/99, p.A1)

1999        Mar 27, Maria Butyrskaya of Russia won the World Figure Skating Championships in Helsinki, Finland; defending champion Michelle Kwan of the United States finished second.
    (AP, 3/27/00)

1999        May 17, Pres. Martti Ahtisaari, appointed as the new Balkans mediator, consulted with German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder.
    (SFC, 5/18/99, p.A8)

1999        Aug 7, In Finland the village of Kutemajarvi planned a sex fair for people over age 45 to commemorate the UN designation of 1999 as the Int'l. Year of Older Persons.
    (SFC, 1/16/99, p.A12)

1999        Dec 9, European leaders gathered in Helsinki for an EU summit. On the agenda was the creation of a defense force, expansion to 28 members and clearing the path for Turkey to join.
    (SFC, 12/10/99, p.D4)

1999        The Finnish film "Juha" by Aki Kaurismaki was a silent black and white work based on a classic 1911 novel. It starred Sakari Kuosmanen and Kati Outinen.
    (SFC, 4/22/99, p.E4)

1999        Finland’s government began issuing electronic ID cards.
    (Econ, 2/9/13, p.60)
1999        Finland’s government updated some laws on fines for traffic violations and based fines on net income rather than gross income.
    (WSJ, 1/02/00, p.A1)

2000        Feb 6, In Finland Tarja Halonen was elected as the 1st woman Prime Minister over Esko Aho 51.5-48.4%.
    (SFC, 2/7/00, p.A14)

2000        Mar 1, Tarja Halonen assumed office as Finland’s first female president.

2000        Mar, Annikki Luukela, a light artist, designed and installed 45 moving lamps in the Washington DC Metro station under a commission by Helsinki Mayor Eva-Riita Siitonen.
    (SFEC, 4/2/00, p.T3)

2000        Martti Ahtisaari founded the Helsinki-based Crisis Management Initiative, a non-governmental conflict resolution organization.
    (Econ, 7/2/11, p.50)

2001        Jun 27, Tove Jansson (b.1914), writer and creator of the Moomin family of trolls, died in Finland. She began her 1st Moomin book in 1939. The Swedish-speaking Finnish novelist, painter, illustrator and comic strip author received the Hans Christian Andersen Medal in 1966. In 2014 Tuula Karjalainen’s “Tove Jansson: Work and Love" became available in English.
    (SFC, 7/17/01, p.A15)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tove_Jansson)

2001        Aug 26, The 6th Annual Air Guitar World Championship was held in Oulu.
    (WSJ, 8/29/01, p.A1)

2002        Oct 11, In Vantaa, Finland, a blast in the Myyrmanni shopping mall of suburban Helsinki killed 7 people, including chemistry student Petri Gerdt (19), the suspected bomber. 80 others were injured.
    (AP, 10/12/02)(SSFC, 10/12/02, p.A20)(SFC, 10/16/02, p.A14)

2003        Apr 14, In Finland 3 political parties agreed to form a center-left government led by Anneli Jaatteenmaki.
    (AP, 4/14/03)

2003        Apr 15, Finnish lawmakers appointed Anneli Jaatteenmaki the country's first female prime minister, making Finland the only state in Europe with women as president and premier.
    (AP, 4/15/03)

2003        Jun 18, In Finland PM Anneli Jaatteenki resigned amid accusations that she lied about sensitive political information during her election campaign.
    (SFC, 6/19/03, p.A14)

2003        Jun 24, Finland's parliament elected Matti Vanhanen as PM.
    (SFC, 6/25/03, p.A3)

2003        Jul 6, The annual Wife Carrying World Championship took place in Sonkajarvi, Finland.
    (WSJ, 7/2/03, p.A1)

2003        Finland commissioned a new nuclear reactor. It was the 1st order in Western Europe in 13 years.
    (WSJ, 9/22/05, p.B6)

2004        Jan 16, Kalevi Sorsa (73), Finland's longest serving prime minister, died.  Sorsa headed four coalition governments from 1972 to 1987 and led the Social Democrats, Finland's largest party, for 12 years.
    (AP, 1/17/04)

2004        Feb 17, Finnish technology group Setec said it won the first order for passports with new biometric technology required by international aviation authorities and the U.S. government.
    (AP, 2/17/04)

2004        Feb 28, In Finland hundreds of trucks prepared to roll onto frozen roads at midnight, stocked with beer and hard cider for a population that eagerly awaits a historic government measure that will cut alcohol prices by nearly 40 percent.
    (AP, 2/28/04)

2004        Mar 19, In southern Finland a bus crashed into a truck in icy conditions, killing 24 people and injuring 15.
    (AP, 3/19/04)

2004        Mar 22, The Finnish Foreign Ministry said two Finnish businessmen were shot and killed in Baghdad.
    (AP, 3/22/04)

2004        Apr 15, Tim Berners-Lee, inventor of the world wide web, became the 1st recipient of Finland’s $1.2 million Millennium Technology Prize.
    (Econ, 5/14/05, p.84)(www.infoworld.com/article/04/04/16/HNbernerslee_1.html)

2004        Nov 2, More than 3,000 workers walked out of 22 UPM-Kymmene forest industry plants throughout Finland, in a 24-hour strike to protest the timber and paper products company's planned layoffs and closures.
    (AP, 11/2/04)

2005        Jan 1, Finland was forecast for 3% annual GDP growth with a population at 5.3 million and GDP per head at $37,740.
    (Econ, 1/8/05, p.88)

2005        Apr 16, A Finnish mediator said Aceh rebels and Indonesian government delegates have made a "breakthrough" at peace talks on the tsunami-ravaged province, and will continue negotiations in Finland May 26-31.
    (AP, 4/16/05)

2005        May 20, The Finnish paper industry, which accounts for 15% of world production, remained at a standstill after labor talks between unions and employers ended without resolution.
    (AP, 5/20/05)

2005        Jul 16, In Finland Indonesia's government and Aceh rebels reached a tentative peace deal to end a 29-year insurgency in the tsunami-devastated province. They agreed to sign a peace accord on Aug 15 in exchange for more autonomy.
    (AP, 7/17/05)(WSJ, 7/18/05, p.A1)

2005        Aug 6-2005 Aug 14, Helsinki, Finland, hosted the 10th IAAF World Championships. The International Amateur Athletic Federation was founded in 1912 by 17 national athletic federations who saw the need for a governing authority, for an athletic program, for standardized technical equipment and world records.

2005        Nov 16, Nokia Corp. said it is paying $430 million to acquire Intellisync Corp., a provider of wireless e-mail service for cellular carriers, adding to the mobile phone maker's growing arsenal of products to compete with BlackBerry.
    (AP, 11/16/05)

2005        Dec 2, A Finnish man was jailed for 11 years for sexually abusing dozens of boys during trips to Thailand in what the court called the biggest pedophile case in Finland's history. Jouko Jaatinen (43) was detained in April on suspicion of molesting at least 445 Thai boys aged 13 or younger over the last 15 years and creating massive amounts of pornography.
    (AP, 12/02/05)

2005        In Olkiluoto, Finland, construction began on a 1,630-megawatt reactor, the first generation 3 European Pressurized Water Reactor, a joint venture between France's nuclear plant builder Areva SA and Germany's Siemens AG. Completion was expected in 2009.

2006        Jan 15, Finnish President Tarja Halonen won the first round of the country's presidential election, but failed to obtain an absolute majority and will be forced into a runoff.
    (AP, 1/15/06)

2006        Jan 29, Finland's first female president said she was confident of re-election in a runoff vote. Polls suggested a close race after a steady surge in support for her conservative challenger. Pres. Tarja Halonen clinched a narrow re-election victory over a rival with a pro-alliance agenda. She won a new six-year term with 51.8 percent of the vote.
    (AP, 1/29/06)(AFP, 1/30/06)

2006        Feb 14, Sanyo and Nokia announced they will set up a joint venture to make advanced cell phones, underlining the ambitions of the Japanese and Finnish manufacturers to grow globally in the competitive mobile market.
    (AP, 2/14/06)

2006        Mar 25, It was reported that Finnish 15-year-olds have the highest level of mathematical skills, scientific knowledge and reading literacy of any rich industrialized country.
    (Econ, 3/25/06, p.58)

2006        May 20, Lordi, a Finnish metal band with monster masks and apocalyptic lyrics, won the Eurovision contest in Greece.
    (AP, 5/21/06)

2006        Jun 1, Jorma Ollila stepped down as chief of Finland’s Nokia Corp. He was succeeded by Olli-Pekka Kallasvuo. The new Nokia Nseries included the N73 camera-phone; the N91 phone, which doubled as an iPod-style music player; the N92, a mobile TV; and the N93, a mobile video camera.
    (Econ, 5/27/06, p.64)

2006        Jul 1, Finland began its 6-month rotating presidency of the EU.

2006        Sep 9, In Finland leaders and top officials from 38 Asian and European nations gathered in Helsinki for the Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM). The agenda included security issues, trade and global warming.
    (AFP, 9/10/06)

2006        Sep 11, In Helsinki, Finland, European and Asian leaders representing nearly half the world's population promised to work to reduce global warming, to get world trade talks back on track and to keep up the battle against terrorism. They pledged to set new carbon dioxide emissions targets that go beyond those now set for 2012 under the UN's Kyoto Protocol.
    (AP, 9/11/06)

2006        Oct 20, In Lahti, Finland, 25 EU leaders held a one-day summit on energy. Russian President Vladimir Putin defended his government's tough stance on Georgia and dodged EU leaders' demands that he commit to a legally binding energy charter that would guarantee better access to Russia's oil and gas fields.
    (AP, 10/20/06)

2006        Oct 25, In Finland the US and the EU ended a 2-day meeting on cleaner energy. They agreed on tighter cooperation on renewable energy and other environmental policies despite splits over the UN’s Kyoto Protocol on global warming.
    (WSJ, 10/26/06, p.A6)

2006        Nov 6, Transparency International, a watchdog group, reported that nearly three-quarters of 163 countries ranked in a new survey suffer from a perception of serious corruption, while in nearly half it is seen as rampant. Finland, Iceland and New Zealand ranked as the least corrupt, while Haiti, Guinea and Myanmar ranked as most corrupt.
    (AP, 11/6/06)(Econ, 11/11/06, p.69)

2006        Dec 4, The Estlink cable connected power grids of the Baltic States with Finland. The cost of Estlink, which measures 100 kilometers (60 miles), was around 110 million euros (132 million dollars). It was built by Swiss-Swedish group ABB.
    (AP, 12/4/06)

2006        Dec 8, In Finland officials said alcohol is now the leading killer of Finnish adults, with consumption reaching an all-time high last year.
    (AP, 12/9/06)

2007        Jan 8, In Finland 2 newspaper editors were fined for publishing a letter that said violence against Jews was justified and that the Holocaust was acceptable.
    (AP, 1/9/07)

2007        Feb 15, Nokia, the world's leading maker of mobile phones, said it would shed some 700 jobs, with Finland taking the brunt of the cuts.
    (AFP, 2/15/07)

2007        Feb, In Finland "The Prime Minister's Bride," a book by Susan Kuronen (36), a twice-divorced mother of three and the former girlfriend of PM Matti Vanhanen, was released as parliamentary campaigning began. It immediately hit the country's nonfiction best seller list.
    (AP, 3/15/07)

2007        Mar 18, Finns voted in a parliamentary election in a tight race between PM Matti Vanhanen's Center Party, its left-leaning coalition partner and the Conservative opposition. The ruling centrist party of PM Matti Vanhanen retained power. The Center Party won 23.1% of the vote while the Conservatives had 22.3% and the Social Democrats 21.4%, according to provisional results.
    (AP, 3/18/07)

2007        May 12, In Finland Bosnia-Herzegovina opened this year's Eurovision Song Contest. Marija Serifovic from Serbia won the 2007 Eurovision Song Contest at the Hartwall Arena in Helsinki, early Sunday May 13, 2007 with a song entitled 'Prayer.'
    (AP, 5/12/07)

2007        May 23, A bomb in northern Afghanistan killed a Finnish soldier and an Afghan civilian, while a suicide attacker in Kabul killed two people, including a policeman. Two operations in southern Afghanistan killed 18 suspected militants, including seven "foreigners," while six people died when a stash of ammunition exploded in the east.
    (AP, 5/23/07)(AP, 5/24/07)

2007        Jun 2, Iran detained 3 Finns for allegedly straying into its territorial waters during a fishing trip in the Persian Gulf. In June 6 Iran agreed to release them.
    (AP, 6/6/07)

2007        Aug 31, In Finland representatives of feuding Sunni and Shiite groups in Iraq began a 2-day meeting at a seminar behind closed doors to discuss ways of ending the bloodshed.
    (AP, 8/31/07)

2007        Sep 26, Transparency International's 2007 index ranked Myanmar and Somalia as the most corrupt nations. Both received the lowest score of 1.4 out of 10. Denmark, Finland and New Zealand were ranked the least corrupt, each scoring 9.4.
    (AP, 9/26/07)

2007        Oct 1, Nokia Corp. said it is buying US navigation-software maker Navteq Corp. for around $8.1 billion as the world's largest mobile phone maker continues to expand services and content.
    (AP, 10/1/07)

2007        Oct 5, Finland’s justice ministry said PM Matti Vanhanen is suing his ex-girlfriend for revealing details of their relationship in a tell-all book published earlier this year.
    (AP, 10/5/07)

2007        Nov 7, In southern Finland 8 people were killed and 11 wounded after Pekka-Eric Auvinen (18) opened fire at Jokela High School in Tuusula. He then shot himself in the head and died hours later in a hospital.
    (AP, 11/7/07)(AP, 11/8/07)

2007        Nov 8, Nordic countries again dominated the World Economic Forum's ranking of gender-equal countries. New Zealand squeezed into the top five and the US fell to 31st place. Sweden, Norway, Finland and Iceland retained the top four spots in the 2007 Gender Gap Index released by the Swiss-based think tank.
    (Reuters, 11/8/07)

2007        Nov 9, Finland said it will raise the minimum age for buying guns from 15 to 18 in the wake of the Nov 7 rampage by a teenage student.
    (SFC, 11/10/07, p.A3)

2008        Jan 15, Finland's Nokia, the top global mobile phone manufacturer, said that it planned to close a factory in Germany by mid-year which employs 2,300 workers.
    (AFP, 1/15/08)

2008        Feb 1, Scientists in Finland said they had replaced a 65-year-old patient's upper jaw with a bone transplant cultivated from stem cells isolated from his own fatty tissue and grown inside his abdomen.
    (Reuters, 2/1/08)

2008        Apr 8, Chilean police said Marko Kulju (26), a Finnish tourist who chipped an earlobe off an ancient Moai on Easter Island, is being allowed to go home after paying a US$17,000 (euro10,830) fine and agreeing not to return for three years.
    (AP, 4/9/08)

2008        Apr 19, In southern Spain a crash of a bus filled with Finnish tourists left nine people dead near the resort town of Benalmadena. Police arrested the driver of the other vehicle, who was not seriously injured, after he failed a blood alcohol test.
    (AP, 4/20/08)

2008        Jun 15, In northern Finland an 88-year-old man killed his two disabled adult daughters and shot his bedridden wife before turning the gun on himself.
    (AP, 6/16/08)

2008        Sep 1, Some three weeks before the Slovenian parliamentary elections, allegations were made in Finnish TV in a documentary broadcast by the Finnish national broadcasting company YLE that Slovenia’s PM Jansa had received bribes from the Finnish defense company Patria (73.2% of which is the property of the Finnish government) in the so-called Patria case. Jansa rejected all accusations as a media conspiracy concocted by left-wing Slovenian journalists, and asked YLE to provide evidence or to retract the story. Jansa's naming of individual journalists, including some of those behind the 2007 Petition Against Political Pressure on Slovenian Journalists, and the perceived use of diplomatic channels in an attempt to coerce the Finnish government into interfering with YLE editorial policy, drew criticism from media freedom organizations such as the International Press Institute.

2008        Sep 23, In western Finland Matti Juhani Saari (22), whose violent YouTube postings made police bring him in for questioning, opened fire at his trade school, killing 8 women and 2 men before shooting himself.
    (AP, 9/23/08)(AP, 9/24/08)

2008        Oct 10, Finland's ex-president Martti Ahtisaari won the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to build a lasting peace from Africa and Asia to Europe and the Middle East. The Norwegian Nobel Committee said it honored Ahtisaari for important efforts over more than three decades to resolve international conflicts.
    (AP, 10/10/08)

2008        Oct 21, Top US and Russian military officers held an unannounced meeting in Helsinki in an effort to maintain dialogue after Moscow's crushing defeat of American ally Georgia.
    (Reuters, 10/21/08)

2008        Nov 20, Finland's Finance Ministry said four Nordic countries will lend Iceland $2.5 billion (euro1.98 billion) to help the country recover from its economic meltdown.
    (AP, 11/20/08)

2009        Mar 4, The Finnish Parliament approved controversial legislation that allows employers to track workers' e-mails.
    (AP, 3/4/09)

2009        Jul, Slovenian prosecutors charged a Finnish journalist who had quoted unnamed sources alleging that former PM Janez Jansa (2004-2008) had taken bribes.
    (Econ, 10/24/09, p.62)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Janez_Jan%C5%A1a)

2009        Sep 8, Deutsche Telekom AG and France Telecom SA said they intend to combine their British mobile phone units, shaking up the country's intensely competitive market and forming the country's biggest mobile operator. Analysts said Nokia Siemens Networks, the key equipment vendor to British operations of Deutsche Telekom and France Telecom, had most to lose in the merger.
    (AP, 9/8/09)(Reuters, 9/8/09)

2009        Oct 30, The 16-deck Oasis of the Seas, the world's largest cruise liner, began its maiden voyage to Florida, gliding out from a shipyard in Finland with an amphitheater, basketball courts and an ice rink on board. The ship cost euro1 billion ($1.5 billion) and took two and a half years to build at the STX Finland Oy shipyard in Turku.
    (AP, 10/30/09)

2009        Nov 3, Nokia Siemens Networks, a joint venture between Finland's Nokia Corp. and Siemens AG of Germany, said it will lay off up to 5,700 workers globally as part of a move to cut annual costs by euro500 million ($740 million).
    (AP, 11/3/09)

2009        Nov 5, Finland and Sweden approved a Baltic Sea pipeline project that would ship Russian natural gas to Germany, clearing two key obstacles for construction to begin next year.
    (AP, 11/5/09)

2009        Dec 31, In Finland Ibrahim Shkupolli (43) shot himself at his home in Espoo after going on a rampage that killed his ex-girlfriend, then four other people at a local shopping mall where she also worked.
    (AP, 12/31/09)

2010        Jan 21, Finland’s Nokia Corp. said it will offer free navigation services globally for users of its smart phones, in a drive to counter a similar move by Google Inc.
    (AP, 1/21/10)

2010        Feb 15, Nokia, the world's biggest maker of mobile handsets, said it would merge its Linux Maemo software platform, used in its flagship N900 phone, with Intel's Moblin, which is also based on Linux open-sourced software, to create a new platform, MeeGo. The software deal was set to boost Intel's chances of getting its chips into the cellphones of the Finnish company, which controls around 40% of the global phone market.
    (Reuters, 2/15/10)

2010        Mar 26, In Finland Juha Turunen, a corporate lawyer, was convicted of kidnapping heiress Minna Nurminen (26) and holding her captive for two weeks in 2009 until her family paid a multimillion euro (dollar) ransom. He had admitted during the trial that he had kidnapped Nurminen and held her captive at an apartment in Turku, western Finland. She was released unharmed and police recovered the ransom money.
    (AP, 3/26/10)

2010        Mar 26, In Finland Juha Turunen, a corporate lawyer, was convicted of kidnapping heiress Minna Nurminen (26) and holding her captive for two weeks in 2009 until her family paid a multimillion euro (dollar) ransom. He had admitted during the trial that he had kidnapped Nurminen and held her captive at an apartment in Turku, western Finland. She was released unharmed and police recovered the ransom money.
    (AP, 3/26/10)

2010        Jun 9, The Technology Academy of Finland awarded Michael Graetzel of Switzerland, a German-born chemist, the international Millennium Technology Prize for inventing low-cost solar cells used in renewable energy. The prize included euro800,000 ($960,000).
    (AP, 6/9/10)

2010        Jun 11, A Finnish court sentenced former Rwandan pastor, Francois Bazaramba, to life imprisonment for committing genocide against the Tutsi minority in his home country in 1994.
    (AP, 6/11/10)

2010        Jun 18, Finnish PM Matti Vanhanen resigned to allow the ruling Center Party's new leader, Mari Kiviniemi (41) to succeed him as the head of the country's coalition government.
    (AP, 6/18/10)(SFC, 6/19/10, p.A2)

2010        Jul 13, Divers found bottles of champagne in a wreck near the Aland Islands between Finland and Sweden. 5 bottles of dark, foamy beer wee later recovered while salvaging the champagne. The shipwreck was believed to be from the early 19th century. In 2011 Finnish scientists said they hoped to re-brew an old ale after studying the ancient beer found in the shipwreck. On June 8, 2012, 11 bottles of the champagne were auctioned for over $156,000.
    (http://tinyurl.com/4kawd2n)(AP, 2/8/11)(SFC, 6/9/12, p.D3)

2010        Sep 3, Finland and Sweden urged the European Union to create an independent peace institute to broaden the scope of the bloc's peacekeeping efforts around the world.
    (AP, 9/3/10)

2010        Sep 10, Finland’s Nokia Corp. said it is replacing CEO Olli-Pekka Kallasvuo  with top Microsoft executive Stephen Elop as the world's top handset maker aims to regain lost ground in the fiercely competitive smartphone market.
    (AP, 9/10/10)

2010        Sep 11, In Finland Hossein Alizadeh (45), a senior official at the Iranian embassy, said that he has resigned from his post to join the political opposition against President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad. Alizadeh's mission in Finland had ended on August 20.
    (AP, 9/11/10)(AFP, 9/11/10)

2010        Sep 14, Nokia, the Finnish phone giant, unveiled of 3 new touchscreen smartphones.

2010        Oct 1,  In Finland tobacco sales were pushed under shop counters as a new law, set to progress in stages, came into effect. Finland is the first country to target an end to smoking through legal means.
    (AP, 10/2/10)

2010        Oct 21, Finland’s Nokia, the world's top mobile phone maker, announced 1,800 jobs cuts right on the heels of stellar third-quarter results and just one month after a new chief executive took the helm.
    (AFP, 10/21/10)

2010        Oct 29, In Finland the Allure of the Seas, the second in a pair of the largest cruise liners in the world, set sail for its new home port in Florida. Sister ship, the Oasis of the Seas, was also delivered to Royal Caribbean Cruise Lines last year with a price tag of about $1.5 billion.
    (AP, 10/29/10)

2011        Feb 11, Finland’s Nokia corp. announced plans to make Microsoft Windows its primary software in the competition for smart-phone customers.
    (SFC, 2/12/11, p.D1)

2011        Mar 29, Finland’s Nokia said it is suing Apple in the United States for allegedly infringing patents in "virtually all" of its mobile phones, portable music players, tablets and computers.
    (AP, 3/29/11)

2011        Apr 17, Finns turned out in droves for a parliamentary vote marked by the meteoric rise of the nationalist True Finns party, which could tip the political scale to the right and even block Finnish approval of EU bailouts. The pro-EU conservative National Coalition Party topped the vote with 44 seats but the coalition it previously belonged to no longer held a parliamentary majority. As a result, the party is expected to begin difficult negotiations on forming a new government with at least one euroskeptic party. The nationalist True Finns gained 33 seats to 39 vs 42 for the Social Democrats.
    (AFP, 4/17/11)(AP, 4/18/11)(SFC, 4/18/11, p.A2)

2011        Jun 17, In Finland 6 parties across the political spectrum united to form a government, saving Finland from the embarrassment of having no prime minister at a key European Union summit next week.
    (AP, 6/17/11)

2011        Jul 8, A 225-page international review showing wide variances of Internet freedom gave Finland the best marks for making citizens' access to a broadband connection a legal right. The report was presented at OSCE headquarters in Vienna.
    (AP, 7/8/11)

2011        Aug 18, Four EU countries (Austria, Netherlands, Slovakia, Slovenia) said they want hundreds of millions of euros in collateral as security for a bailout of Greece. Finland had just struck a deal with Greece for cash collateral on Aug 16.
    (SFC, 8/19/11, p.A2)

2011        Sep 7, Finland arrested two Somali people, a man (34) and a woman (28), on suspicion of financing terrorism and performing terror recruitment activities. They had foreign backgrounds and their alleged actions were not aimed at Finland. The woman, released in October, was ordered not to leave the country.
    (AP, 9/17/11)(AP, 10/7/11)

2011        Dec 21, Finnish officials said they have found around 160 tons of explosives and 69 surface-to-air Patriot missiles on a cargo ship bearing a British flag and ultimately destined for China. They didn't know the origin of the missiles or who was supposed to receive them.
    (AP, 12/21/11)

2011        Dec 26, A British-registered ship, the M/S Thor Liberty, held in a Finnish port after authorities discovered 69 surface-to-air missiles and 160 tons of explosives onboard, received permission to travel again, but without those materials or its captain. The Patriot missiles were an official shipment from Germany to South Korea. Finnish authorities said the explosives were a legitimate shipment for China, but the missiles lacked proper transit documents, and the explosives weren't safely stored. On Jan 4 the Finnish government authorized the transport.
    (AP, 12/26/11)(AP, 1/4/12)

2011        Finland's population was about 5.3 million.
    (AP, 4/17/11)

2012        Jan 22, Finns voted for a new president. The front-runner, ex-finance minister Sauli Niinisto, won 37% setting up a 2nd round on Feb 5. Pekka Haavisto of the Greens Party was second with 18.8%. Finland's 12th president since independence from Russia in 1917 will replace Tarja Halonen.
    (AP, 1/22/12)(SFC, 1/23/12, p.A2)

2012        Feb 5, Finland voters chose a leader in a runoff between a veteran conservative and the first openly gay candidate from the small Greens party. Former Finance Minister Sauli Niinisto (63) won the runoff election with 63 percent of the votes against Greens candidate Pekka Haavisto (53) with 37 percent. This restored the National Coalition Party to the presidency after 56 years and giving it the nation's two top posts for the first time.
    (AP, 2/5/12)(AP, 2/10/12)

2012        May 26, In Finland police arrested an 18-year-old gunman who killed two people and wounded seven others in what appeared to be a random shooting in the southern town of Hyvinkaa. Finland has some 650,000 officially recognized gun owners in a population of 5.4 million people, with strong hunting traditions.
    (AP, 5/26/12)

2013        Feb 8, Finnish customs officers confiscated a container on a Finnish freighter, en route to Syria from Russia, because it did not have a transit license and found 9.6 tons of tank spare parts.
    (AP, 2/15/13)

2013        Mar 9, Max Jakobson (89), a former Finnish diplomat, died. He helped shape his country's policy of neutrality during the Cold War.
    (AP, 3/21/13)

2013        Sep 2, Microsoft Corp. announced that it is buying Nokia Corp.'s line-up of smartphones and a portfolio of patents and services for  5.44 billion euros ($7.2 billion) in an attempt to strengthen its fight with Apple Inc. and Google Inc. to capture a slice of the lucrative mobile computing market.
    (AP, 9/3/13)

2013        Oct 10, In western Finland Thursday a 16-year-old boy stabbed and seriously injured four people at a vocational training college in Oulu. Three of the victims were women under the age of 20 and the fourth was the school's caretaker, a 21-year-old man.
    (AFP, 10/10/13)

2013        Oct 22, Finland-based Nokia showed off its first tablet in Abu Dhabi, the Lumia 2520, at its last launch party as much of the company faced acquisition by Microsoft.
    (Econ, 10/26/13, p.73)

2014        Mar, In Finland a man and a woman were arrested for plotting to kill about 50 people in an attack at the University of Helsinki. They were also charged with weapons possession. The suspects had met online and discussed the massacre using encrypted emails.
    (AP, 5/26/14)

2014        Apr 9, Stuart Parkin (58) won the Finnish 1 million-euro ($1.3 million) Millennium Technology Prize for discoveries leading to a thousand-fold increase in digital data storage on magnetic disks. The British-American physicist directed the IBM-Stanford spintronic science center in California.
    (AP, 4/9/14)

2014        Apr 25, Finland-based Nokia said it has completed the 5.44 billion-euro ($7.5 billion) sale of its troubled cellphone and services division to Microsoft Corp.
    (AP, 4/25/14)

2014        Jun 3, Finnish police officers found the bodies of 5 dead babies in packages in a basement cupboard of an apartment building in the western city of Oulu after they were alerted to the scene by emergency services. A woman (35) was arrested on suspicion of manslaughter .
    (AP, 6/4/14)

2014        Jun 24, In Finland former European affairs minister Alexander Stubb took over as the head of the conservative-led government after PM Jyrki Katainen resigned to pursue a position in the European Commission.
    (AP, 6/24/14)

2014        Jul 24, In western Afghanistan gunmen riding on a motorcycle opened fire and killed two Finnish women aid workers in Herat.
    (AP, 7/24/14)

2014        Aug 15, Finnish President Sauli Niinisto told his counterpart Vladimir Putin that Western sanctions against Moscow and the food ban Russia introduced in response were damaging bilateral ties and proposed to seek ways to end the Ukraine crisis.
    (Reuters, 8/15/14)

2014        Sep 18, Finland’s government extended a license to Finnish-Russian consortium Fennovoima to build a nuclear reactor in Pyhajoki. In response the environmentalist Green Party said it's dropping out of the coalition government.
    (AP, 9/18/14)

2014        Sep 26, The head of Interpol, based in Lyon, France, said an international database of foreign would-be jihadis joining extremists in Iraq and Syria that started 18 months ago with little fanfare, and just three countries participating, has expanded to include 33 countries and 1,300 names.
    (AP, 9/26/14)

2014        Oct 30, Researchers in Sweden said they have identified genetic variations at two key sites the human genome that may distinguish extremely violent individuals following a study of some 794 convicts in Finland.
    (SFC, 10/31/14, p.A7)(Econ, 11/1/14, p.75)

2014        Nov 13, Eight northern European nations (Britain, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Sweden) agreed to step up cooperation to counter an increase in Moscow's military activity that has included a tripling of NATO intercepts of Russian jets this year.
    (Reuters, 11/13/14)

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