Timeline France (H) 2016-2018

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2016        Jan 5, Pierre Boulez (90), the former principal conductor of the New York Philharmonic, died at his home in Germany. The French conductor moved between conducting, composition and teaching over a long career that made him one of the leading figures in modern classical music.
    (AP, 1/6/16)(Econ, 1/16/16, p.92)

2016        Jan 7, In France Salim Benghalem (35), a key French member of the Islamic State group, was sentenced in absentia by a Paris court to 15 years in prison. He had ties to the Charlie Hebdo attackers. Six other men, who have returned from Syria and Iraq, were given sentences of between six and nine years.
    (AFP, 1/7/16)
2016        Jan 7, Paris police shot dead a man wielding a knife after he tried to enter a police station shouting "Allahu Akbar" (God is Great) and wearing what turned out to be a fake suicide belt.
    (Reuters, 1/7/16)

2016        Jan 11, In France an ethnic Kurd Turkish teenager (15) stabbed a Jewish teacher with a machete in the southern city of Marseille. The teen claimed to have been acting for the Islamic State.
    (AFP, 1/11/16)

2016        Jan 13, In the French Alps a deadly avalanche hit a high school skiing group killing 2 students and a Ukrainian skier.
    (SFC, 1/14/16, p.A2)

2016        Jan 14, A French court convicted British ex-soldier Rob Lawrie of endangerment for trying to spirit a 4-year-old Afghan girl from a squalid migrant camp in Calais to family members in Britain, but dropped a tougher smuggling charge and handed him only a suspended fine.
    (AP, 1/14/16)
2016        Jan 14, French investigators confirmed that Belgian-Moroccan Chakib Akrouh, who blew himself up when trapped by police on Nov 18, was the third member of the three-man unit that killed dozens of cafe-goers.
    (Reuters, 1/15/16)
2016        Jan 14, In northern Iraq French warplanes bombed overnight an Islamic State communications hub near Mosul.
    (AFP, 1/14/16)

2016        Jan 15, French authorities said one man was brain dead and three others faced possible permanent brain damage after volunteering to take part in a drug trial for a painkiller based on a natural brain compound similar to the active ingredient in marijuana.
    (AP, 1/15/16)
2016        Jan 15, Moroccan police arrested Gele Attar, a Belgian man of Moroccan descent, who had a direct relationship to the terrorists who carried out the Nov 13 attacks in Paris that killed 130 people.
    (SFC, 1/19/16, p.A2)

2016        Jan 17, A man died in a French hospital after taking part in a drug trial for a painkiller based on a compound similar to cannabis. He had already been in a state of brain death. Five other participants remained hospitalized.
    (AP, 1/17/16)

2016        Jan 18, In France an avalanche killed at least 5 military personnel and seriously injured two others while they were skiing in Valfrejus in the department of Savoie.
    (Reuters, 1/18/16)
2016        Jan 18, Saudi Arabia suspended the import of poultry, eggs and dairy products from seven French regions over a bird flu outbreak. The regions included southwestern Dordogne, where the highly virulent H5N1 strain of the virus was identified in November.
    (AFP, 1/18/16)

2016        Jan 20, In France the defense ministers of seven countries leading the battle against the Islamic State group met in Paris to review strategy as the jihadists spread their influence around the globe. The French and US defense ministers hosted the meeting attended by their Australian, British, Dutch, German and Italian counterparts.
    (AFP, 1/20/16)

2016        Jan 22, France said it will provide one billion euros ($1.1 billion) to Tunisia over the next five years as part of an economic support package.
    (AFP, 1/22/16)
2016        Jan 22, French farmers in the western region of Brittany blocked a national highway with a pile of smoldering tires to protest falling prices.
    (AP, 1/22/16)

2016        Jan 24, French Pres. Hollande began a 3-day visit to India.
    (SFC, 1/25/16, p.A2)

2016        Jan 25, India signed an inter-governmental pact to buy 36 French-built Rafale fighter planes, but the leaders of both countries said there was still work to do to finalize financial terms after months of talks.
    (Reuters, 1/25/16)

2016        Jan 26, In France one in five flights were canceled at Paris airports and other flights faced delays as air traffic controllers staged a walkout and taxi drivers disrupted roads. Paris police fired tear gas and taxi drivers lit bonfires on a major highway amid nationwide strikes and protests over working conditions and competition from non-traditional services such as Uber.
    (AP, 1/26/16)
2016        Jan 26, French authorities said one person died and another was injured in a tunnel collapse at a future nuclear waste storage site in Bure.
    (Reuters, 1/26/16)

2016        Jan 30, In France thousands of people marched through Paris and in other cities to decry the proposed extension of a state of emergency imposed after the November Paris attacks.
    (AFP, 1/30/16)

2016        Feb 1, Cuba's President Raul Castro began an official state visit to France, his first ever to Europe, which is being seen as a key step in rebuilding his island nation's ties with the West.
    (AFP, 2/1/16)

2016        Feb 3, In France police cleared a sprawling slum-like camp along railroad tracks on the edge of Paris that housed hundreds of Roma, citing sanitary concerns.
    (AP, 2/3/16)

2016        Feb 8, France's former budget minister Jerome Cahuzac (63), who stashed millions abroad while cracking down on tax cheats at home, went on trial for tax fraud and money laundering.
    (AFP, 2/9/16)

2016        Feb 9, A sweep involving teams of sniffer dogs and a helicopter was conducted simultaneously in Paris and Craiova, in southern Romania. The joint operation by Romania and France against pickpockets targeting visitors to Disneyland Paris and other French tourist sites nabbed the ringleaders. The probe began last March after local police noted a spike in pickpocketing by Romanians and ethnic Roma outside Disneyland and on the train that links Paris to the amusement park.
    (AFP, 2/19/16)

2016        Feb 10, French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius (69) announced he was leaving the government ahead of a wider reshuffle that President Francois Hollande hopes can help bolster his chances for the 2017 presidential elections.
    (Reuters, 2/10/16)

2016        Feb 11, In western France at least six children were killed when a school minibus crashed into a truck in Rochefort, a day after another road accident involving a school bus left two youngsters dead near the Swiss border.
    (AFP, 2/11/16)

2016        Feb 24, The French newspaper Le Monde reported that French special forces and intelligence commandos are engaged in covert operations against Islamic State militants in Libya in conjunction with the United States and Britain.
    (Reuters, 2/24/16)

2016        Feb 29, France interior minister Bernard Cazeneuve said Parisian police will be given assault rifles and Kalashnikov-resistant shields in a first for the French capital's officers nearly four months after a devastating terror attack killed 130 people.
    (AFP, 2/29/16)
2016        Feb 29, French riot police clashed with migrants as bulldozers moved into the grim shantytown on the edge of Calais known as the "Jungle" to start destroying hundreds of makeshift shelters.
    (AFP, 2/29/16)

2016        Feb, Thomas Gallay, a French engineer, working in Morocco, was arrested in an anti-terror sweep and accused of supporting a terrorist organization. Moroccan authorities said he was a convert to Islam who gave 70 euros to two Moroccan members of a terror cell. Gallay received a six-year prison sentence. Gallay later claimed he had signed a confession in Arabic that he could neither read nor understand.
    (AP, 2/22/17)

2016        Mar 1, France razed parts of the "Jungle" migrant camp for a second day while thousands of refugees remained blocked in Greece.
    (AFP, 3/1/16)

2016        Mar 2, In northern France dozens of riot police moved in for a third day to demolish the shantytown on the outskirts of the port city of Calais after half a dozen shelters were burned down overnight.
    (AFP, 3/2/16)

2016        Mar 3, In France a group of Iranian migrants sewed their mouths shut in a disturbing protest at the ongoing demolition of the "Jungle" migrant camp in the port city of Calais.
    (AFP, 3/3/16)

2016        Mar 8, In France Jacobus van Nierop (51), a Dutch man dubbed by French media the "dentist of horror," went on trial after allegedly causing horrific injuries to the mouths of more than 100 patients. On April 26, 2016, Nierop was found guilty of assault and fraud and sentenced to eight years in prison.
    (AFP, 3/8/16)(AP, 4/26/16)
2016        Mar 8, French researchers said the Zika virus, suspected of causing brain damage in babies and a neurological ailment in adults, has now also been linked to the paralyzing disorder myelitis.
    (AFP, 3/8/16)

2016        Mar 9, French students and trade unions staged protest marches across the country against far-reaching labor reforms.
    (Reuters, 3/9/16)

2016        Mar 12, French police detained 14 young extreme right activists after they torched tires and tried to block migrants in the port of Calais from entering the center of town.
    (AP, 3/12/16)

2016        Mar 14, French PM Manuel Valls unveiled a revised labor reform bill that makes concessions to trade unions following mass protests against the measures.
    (Reuters, 3/14/16)

2016        Mar 15, Belgian and French police officers arrived to search a flat in a Brussels suburb in a raid targeting suspects in the Nov 13 Paris attacks. They came under a barrage of automatic weapons fire through a door from at least two people barricaded inside, injuring four officers. A special forces sniper shot dead Algerian gunman Mohamed Belkaid (35) when he tried to fire at police from a window. An Islamic State flag was found next to his body. Two suspects were detained.
    (Reuters, 3/16/16)(AFP, 3/16/16)

2016        Mar 17, French unions said the government will lift a six-year-old freeze on civil servants' pay, but that the resulting wage increase was too little.
    (Reuters, 3/17/16)
2016        Mar 17, In France thousands of youths held street protests to reject the government's new labor changes.
    (AP, 3/17/16)
2016        Mar 17, French lawmakers approved plans for a total ban on some widely used pesticides blamed for harming bees, going beyond EU restrictions in a fierce debate that has pitched farmers and chemical firms against beekeepers and green groups.
    (Reuters, 3/18/16)

2016        Mar 24, French authorities arrested French national Reda Kriket (34) in the Paris suburb of Argenteuil. He was suspected of belonging to a militant network planning an attack. Explosives were found in the man's house as well as a Kalashnikov AK-47 and a machine pistol from Croatia.
    (Reuters, 3/25/16)(AFP, 3/25/16)(Econ, 4/16/16, p.44)

2016        Mar 27, Basque separatist group ETA called for peace talks with the Spanish and French governments and the return of ETA prisoners to the northern Basque region.
    (AFP, 3/27/16)

2016        Mar 30, President Francois Hollande abandoned plans to strip French nationality from people convicted of terrorism.
    (Reuters, 3/30/16)

2016        Mar 31, In France demonstrators clashed with police in the streets during fresh protests over labor reforms. Official figures said at least 200,000 people had joined demonstrations in around 50 towns around the country despite rainy weather.
    (AFP, 3/31/16)

2016        Apr 2, In Spain 7 people died in a pre-dawn crash between two cars near the northern city of Figueres. 5 people of a car with French license plates were between 19 and 22 and not wearing seatbelts.
    (AP, 4/2/16)

2016        Apr 4, Air France decided to allow female flight attendants to refuse to work the company's new route to Iran, beginning April 17, for which they must wear a headscarf.
    (AP, 4/4/16)

2016        Apr 5, French finance minister Michel Sapin said France will put Panama back on its blacklist of uncooperative tax jurisdictions, after media revelations about a Panamanian law firm specialised in setting up offshore firms.
    (Reuters, 4/5/16)
2016        Apr 5, Paris riot police fired tear gas and charged youths throwing stones, bottles and eggs during fresh protests against France's proposed labor reforms, making over 100 arrests.
    (AFP, 4/5/16)

2016        Apr 6, A Paris court convicted Jean-Marie Le Pen (87), founder and former head of France's far-right National Front party, of denying crimes against humanity for repeating that the Nazi gas chambers are a "detail" of World War II history.
    (AP, 4/6/16)
2016        Apr 6, France's lower house of parliament held a final vote on a bill against prostitution and sex trafficking that bans buying sex, not selling it. Customers would face fines and be required to attend classes on the harms of prostitution.
    (AP, 4/6/16)
2016        Apr 6, French economics minister Emmanuel Macron and Benjamin Griveaux co-founded the En Marche! (On the Move!) political movement. Following Macron’s election in 2017 the party was renamed “La Republique en Marche" (LRM).
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/En_Marche!)(Econ, 7/16/16, p.41)(Econ 5/13/17, p.14, 44)   

2016        Apr 9, In western France clashes broke out between police and demonstrators in Rennes as thousands took to the streets for a sixth day of nationwide protests against a draft law that seeks to loosen some labor protections.
    (Reuters, 4/9/16)

2016        Apr 10, In France Paris police made eight arrests after demonstrators protesting the government's labor reforms went on a rampage across the capital, attacking a police building, damaging cars and vandalizing bank offices.
    (AP, 4/10/16)

2016        Apr 11, The French government announced about half a billion euros in aid for students in an attempt to defuse anger from protesters who said they would gather again on a central Paris square for the 12th night in a row.
    (Reuters, 4/11/16)

2016        Apr 12, In northern Mali 3 French peacekeeping soldiers died after their armored car ran over a landmine.
    (AFP, 4/13/16)
2016        Apr 12, Spanish police arrested Antoine Denive (27), a Frenchman who they believe supplied weapons to Paris attacker Amedy Coulibaly for use in the January 2015 attacks in the French capital.
    (AP, 4/13/16)

2016        Apr 14, Britain, France, Germany, Italy and Spain agreed to share information on company ownership to make it harder for criminals and tax cheats to avoid the law.
    (SFC, 4/16/16, p.A2)

2016        Apr 15, France's top administrative court overturned a 2014 ban on a type of genetically modified (GMO) maize in a symbolic victory for GMO supporters that will not allow such crops to be grown in France because of subsequent legislation reinforcing the ban.
    (Reuters, 4/15/16)

2016        Apr 16, French President Francois Hollande arrived in Beirut at the start of a regional tour that will take him to Egypt and Jordan.
    (AP, 4/16/16)
2016        Apr 16, The French and German foreign ministers arrived in Libya for talks with the head of the unity government Fayaz Seraj to offer support as he seeks to stabilize the North African state.
    (Reuters, 4/16/16)
2016        Apr 16, French police arrested twenty-two people in Paris during overnight clashes at a demonstration over labor reforms seen as threatening workers' rights.
    (AFP, 4/16/16)

2016        Apr 26, French train services were severely disrupted as tens of thousands of state rail workers protested over plans to reduce rest periods and other protective work practices in preparation for Europe-wide deregulation.
    (Reuters, 4/26/16)
2016        Apr 26, Australian PM Malcolm Turnbull announced that France has beaten Japan and Germany to win a A$50 billion ($40 billion) deal to build a fleet of 12 submarines for Australia, one of the world's most lucrative defense contracts.
    (Reuters, 4/26/16)

2016        Apr 27, The French billionaire and art collector Francois Pinault announced the creation of a new contemporary art museum in central Paris.
    (AP, 4/27/16)
2016        Apr 27, Paris attacks suspect Salah Abdeslam, Europe's most wanted fugitive until his capture in Belgium last month, was returned to France to face justice. His lawyer said Abdeslam is willing to cooperate.
    (AP, 4/27/16)

2016        Apr 28, French protesters were back on the streets over proposed reforms to the country's labor rules and strikers have forced cancellations and delays at two airports serving Paris.
    (AP, 4/28/16)
2016        Apr 28, Paris-based Drug maker Sanofi said it has made a $9.3 billion bid for San Francisco pharmaceutical firm Medivation, part of the firm's effort to expand its portfolio of cancer treatments.
    (AP, 4/28/16)

2016        Apr 29, French riot police arrested 27 people during overnight clashes with dozens of youths in central Paris, following a day of protest marches over labor law reforms that turned violent.
    (Reuters, 4/29/16)

2016        Apr 29, French Defense Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian said France will increase the number of its troops in Ivory Coast from 500 to 900, on a trip to the African nation which hosts a regional base for French forces.
    (AFP, 4/30/16)

2016        May 4, French riot police clashed with demonstrators outside a school building in Paris, prompting government and police calls for an end to weeks of violent protests mainly linked to plans for a loosening of France's highly protective labor laws.
    (Reuters, 5/4/16)
2016        May 4, In Qatar French Pres. Francois Hollande attended a ceremony to mark the sale of 24 Rafale combat jets plus missiles to the United Arab Emirates.
    (Econ, 5/14/16, p.55)

2016        May 5, In Belgium high-speed car chase in which police shot suspected migrant-smugglers as they fled across the border led to a fatal pile-up on a motorway in northern France. A Dutch motorcyclist died when he struck a stationary truck near the French port of Dunkirk. Four Iraqi suspects were hospitalized.
    (Reuters, 5/5/16)

2016        May 8, In France the sight of cars thundering down Paris's most famous boulevard was replaced by people strolling, cycling and taking selfies in the sun as the Champs-Elysees went traffic-free.
    (AFP, 5/8/16)

2016        May 10, France's government decided to bypass parliament and impose a relaxation of the country's protective labor laws by decree, sidestepping a rebellion against one of socialist President Francois Hollande's flagship reforms.
    (Reuters, 5/10/16)
2016        May 10, In France a 19-year-old woman committed suicide by throwing herself in front of a suburban train near Paris and streamed the act live on Periscope. A judicial source said the victim "spoke of a rape and named the aggressor" during the filming, adding that the claims were being treated with caution at this stage.
    (AFP, 5/11/16)

2016        May 12, French prosecutors said that $2 million tied to Tokyo's winning bid for the 2020 Olympics was apparently paid to an account linked to Papa Massata Diack (50), the son of disgraced former IAAF president Lamine Diack, in the months immediately before and after the Japanese capital won the games.
    (AP, 5/12/16)

2016        May 16, French energy giant Total officially opened the Shetland Gas Plant in Britain's northernmost outpost, which cost $5 billion (4.4 billion euros) to build.
    (AFP, 5/16/16)

2016        May 18, Strikes by French railway and port workers halved train services and prompted cancellation of ferry links to Britain. French police staged demonstrations in about 60 cities against a surge of "anti-cop hatred" which they say they have suffered at a series of anti-government protests in recent months.
    (Reuters, 5/18/16)(AFP, 5/18/16)(SFC, 5/19/16, p.A2)

2016        May 19, In northern Spain 3 French people were killed when the light aircraft they were flying crashed in Arbizu after reportedly colliding with a vulture.
    (AP, 5/20/16)

2016        May 20, Four French gendarmes were killed when a helicopter crashed in a mountainous area of southwest France.
    (AFP, 5/20/16)

2016        May 22, In France director Ken Loach took the Palme d'Or in Cannes for "I, Daniel Blake," a film partly funded by the European Commission.
    (AP, 5/23/16)
2016        May 22, In France Jaclyn Jose (52), famous in the Philippines mostly as a soap opera star, won best actress in Cannes for her mesmerizing performance as a Manila slum matriarch who falls prey to corrupt police in acclaimed Filipino director Brillante Mendoza's "Ma' Rosa".
    (AFP, 5/23/16)
2016        May 22, In France the Iranian "The Salesman" won two prizes at the Cannes film festival. Lead actor Shahab Hosseini won a Palme d'Or for best actor and director Asghar Farhadi picked up the award for best screenplay.
    (AP, 5/27/16) 

2016        May 23, In France petrol shortages caused long tailbacks of motorists in parts of the country, as protesters angry over government labor reforms blockaded some of the country's oil refineries and fuel depots.
    (AFP, 5/23/16)

2016        May 24, France's government stepped up efforts to break blockades and strikes at refineries that are threatening to paralyze the country just three weeks ahead of the Euro 2016 football tournament.
    (AFP, 5/24/16)

2016        May 25, The French oil industry federation said France has started using its strategic oil reserves for the first time since 2010 to counter union blockades of its refineries. The industry said it has been using the strategic reserves for two days. Workers at the hardline CGT union voted for a 24-hour strike at Nogent-sur-Seine nuclear plant.
    (Reuters, 5/25/16)

2016        May 26, In France 11 of 58 nuclear power plants were hit with unplanned outages after unionized workers at utility EDF joined a rolling nationwide strike against planned government reforms.
    (Reuters, 5/26/16)

2016        May 27, A French transport ministry spokesman said the fuel supply situation in the country is improving after a week of disruption and shortages caused by strikes and all but one of the country's fuel depot blockades has been cleared. Union activists disrupted the Marseille airport and halted activity at half of the country's oil refineries in protests over changes to France's labor system, but nationwide gasoline shortages eased slightly after government intervention.
    (Reuters, 5/27/16)(AP, 5/27/16)

2016        May 31, French company Technip signed a preliminary $500 million deal to upgrade a key Libyan oil facility, along with Italy's Eni and Libya's state oil company.
    (AP, 5/31/16)

2016        Jun 1, Transport chaos hit France, just nine days before the Euro 2016 football tournament, as railway workers went on strike in the latest salvo of a months-long battle between the government and unions.
    (AFP, 6/1/16)
2016        Jun 1, In France Paris City Hall closed roads along the shore of the Seine from the Left Bank in the east to the Eiffel Tower neighborhood in the west after the Seine River overflowed its banks and floods hit towns across France.
    (AP, 6/1/16)
2016        Jun 1, Egyptian and French investigators said a French search vessel has picked up signals from one of the black boxes of EgyptAir flight MS804, which crashed May 19.
    (Reuters, 6/1/16)

2016        Jun 3, In France the Louvre and Orsay museums in Paris moved scores of art works and precious artifacts to safety and soldiers evacuated residents trapped in some outlying suburbs as the swollen river Seine hit its highest level in 30 years.
    (Reuters, 6/3/16)

2016        Jun 4, In France the Seine River peaked early today around Paris, hitting its highest level in nearly 35 years, almost 4.5 meters (15 feet) above average. Authorities warned it could take up to ten days for the river to return to normal.
    (AP, 6/4/16)

2016        Jun 6, In France a fire in an apartment building near the national stadium in  Saint-Denis left at least 5 people dead and 11 injured.
    (AP, 6/7/16)

2016        Jun 8, The French government released an emergency alert application intended to send swift warnings to smartphone users in the event of a bombing, shooting or other disaster.
    (AP, 6/8/16)

2016        Jun 9, A French court convicted and fined Uber and two of its executives for deceptive commercial practices and illegal business activity over its lowest-cost ride service. The court did not hand prison terms.
    (AP, 6/9/16)
2016        Jun 9, In France Rifaat al-Assad (78), Syrian President Bashar al-Assad's uncle, was charged with corruption. He was suspected of using ill-gotten gains to build a real estate empire in France. He had commanded Syria's notorious internal security forces in the 1970s and early 1980s.
    (AFP, 6/28/16)

2016        Jun 11, About a quarter of Air France pilots went on strike to demand better working conditions. Up to a fifth of flights were canceled, both domestic and international. Among those affected were flights carrying spectators to cities holding matches for the European Championship soccer tournament. Train drivers and garbage collectors continued their strikes.
    (AP, 6/11/16)

2016        Jun 12, European soccer's governing body, UEFA, launched disciplinary proceedings against the Russian Football Union after violence marred the end of Russia's Euro 2016 match against England in Marseille the previous evening.
    (AP, 6/12/16)
2016        Jun 12, Police in Spain, France and Paraguay have arrested around 14 people and freed up to 15 women as part of a 3-day joint operation against sex trafficking that began on June 7.
    (AP, 6/12/16)

2016        Jun 13, In France Officer Jean-Baptiste Salvaing and police administrator Jessica Schneider were knifed to death in their home in the Paris suburb of Magnanville by Larossi Abballa (25), who claimed allegiance to Islamic State. Abballa was killed after a three-hour siege and police raid.
    (AP, 6/14/16)(AFP, 6/18/16)

2016        Jun 14, In France tens of thousands of people rallied in Paris under heavy police presence for a protest against a planned change of labor laws that would make hiring and firing easier. Masked troublemakers hurled paving stones and other projectiles at businesses and the Necker Hospital. Some 30 police officers and protesters were injured.
    (Reuters, 6/14/16)(AP, 6/15/16)

2016        Jun 15, French leaders told the hardline CGT labor union it would be denied permission for further street rallies unless it rooted out troublemakers, a day after violent battles between masked youths and police during protest marches in Paris.
    (Reuters, 6/15/16)
2016        Jun 15, President Francois Hollande signed a bill formally ratifying the Paris climate agreement reached last December by nearly 200 countries to limit global warming. The agreement will become binding when 55 countries representing 55 percent of emissions of greenhouse gases ratify it. 17 states have done so already.
    (Reuters, 6/15/16)
2016        Jun 15, The WHO's research arm issued a report downgrading its classification of coffee as a possible carcinogen, declaring there isn't enough proof to show a link to cancer. The Lyon-based International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) also announced in a report that drinking "very hot" beverages of any kind could potentially raise the cancer risk, and it classified them as "probably carcinogenic" to humans.
    (AP, 6/15/16)

2016        Jun 16, France sentenced three Russian fans to prison and planned to deport 20 others next week for their role in the violence in Marseille that marred Russia's opening soccer match against England.
    (AP, 6/16/16)

2016        Jun 18, A French prosecutor announced terrorism charges against Charaf-Din Aberouz (29) and Saad Rajraji (27). They were charged with having links to a terrorist group, but were not found to have any connection to the June 13 IS-inspired murder of the police couple carried out by Larossi Abballa.
    (AFP, 6/18/16)
2016        Jun 18, France expelled a Russian far-right leader of a football supporters group, Alexander Shprygin, and 19 other fans after the troubles with England soccer fans at Euro 2016.
    (AFP, 6/18/16)
2016        Jun 18, Protesters rallied outside the French embassy in London after an aid convoy intended for migrants was turned back by French border police. A 38-ton truck full of aid was allowed through.
    (AFP, 6/18/16)

2016        Jun 23, In France tens of thousands of people marched in Paris to protest planned labor reforms, gathering for a demonstration that authorities had initially considered banning due to the violence that has accompanied similar recent events. Police arrested around 100 protesters.
    (AP, 6/23/16)(AFP, 6/23/16)
2016        Jun 23, A French court ordered the extradition of US rapper Freddie Gibbs (34) to Austria, where he is accused of rape.
    (AFP, 6/23/16)

2016        Jun 25, In southern France 2 men were killed with a Kalashnikov assault rifle and a 14-year-old girl seriously wounded in a shooting early today in Marseille, which is known for its high crime levels.
    (AFP, 6/25/16)

2016        Jun 27, The Paris-based International Energy Agency (IEA) warned that each year about 6.5 million deaths worldwide are linked to air pollution, a number that could grow in coming decades unless the energy sector steps up its efforts to slash emissions.
    (AP, 6/27/16)

2016        Jul 1, Paris banned old, exhaust-belching cars from its streets in a war on air pollution that environmentalists hope will also drive dirty vehicles from the centers of other European cities. Any car registered before Jan. 1, 1997, will be barred from the city's streets from Monday to Friday, from 8 a.m. to 8 p.m.
    (Reuters, 7/1/16)
2016        Jul 1, Yves Bonnefoy (b.1923), France's most famous contemporary poet, died. The celebrated translator of Shakespeare had poems translated into 30 languages.
    (AFP, 7/2/16)

2016        Jul 2, Michel Rocard (b.1930), former French prime minister (1988-1991) under François Mitterrand, died in Paris. He created the Revenu minimum d'insertion (RMI), a social minimum welfare program for indigents, and achieved the Matignon Accords regarding the status of New Caledonia.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michel_Rocard)

2016        Jul 4, Billionaire French industrialist Serge Dassault (91), of aviation and software giant Dassault Group, went on trial for allegedly stashing millions of euros in tax havens.
    (AFP, 7/4/16)

2016        Jul 5, France's government forced approval of a contested labor bill in the lower house of Parliament without a vote — for a second time — because of resistance from the left and right.
    (AP, 7/5/16)
2016        Jul 5, Dozens of French farmers protested against the presence of bears in the Pyrenees mountains, after a flock of 125 sheep took fright and fell to their death in a ravine over the weekend. brown bears were reintroduced to the area 20 years ago after disappearing in the early 1990s.
    (AP, 7/5/16)

2016        Jul 6, In France Karim Mohammed-Aggad, the brother of one of the Islamist attackers who killed 130 people in Paris, was sentenced to nine years' jail for traveling to Syria to train as a militant fighter.
    (Reuters, 7/6/16)

2016        Jul 7, France-based Danone, the world’s largest yogurt maker, agreed to buy WhiteWave Foods, a natural-food group, for $12.5 billion.
    (Econ, 7/9/16, p.53)

2016        Jul 10, Portugal beat France 1-0 in extra time in Paris to win the European Championship for its first major soccer trophy.
    (AP, 7/11/16)

2016        Jul 13, The French weekly Canard Enchaine reported that Pres. Francois Hollande's hair is kept perfectly groomed at a cost of of 9,895 euros ($10,900) a month. Canard Enchaine also reported that in addition to his salary, the hairdresser was entitled to a "housing allowance" and other "family benefits".
    (AFP, 7/13/16)

2016        Jul 14, In France a truck attack in Nice left at least 84 people dead including ten children. The attacker drove a heavy truck at high speed into dense crowds as a fireworks display to mark France's Bastille Day national holiday came to an end. The attacker was soon identified as Mohamed Lahouaiej Bouhlel (31), a Tunisian living in the city. Five suspects were soon arrested for alleged roles in helping Bouhlel.
    (AP, 7/15/16)(Reuters, 7/15/16)(SFC, 7/22/16, p.A2)(Econ, 7/23/16, p.40)

2016        Jul 15, Brazil said it has deported the Franco-Algerian nuclear physicist Adlene Hicheur after rejecting a request for an extension to his work visa. He was convicted in 2012 for his involvement in a French terror plot. Local press reports said Hicheur had been deported to France.
    (Reuters, 7/16/16)

2016        Jul 17, In Libya 3 French special forces soldiers were killed. Officials in Libya later said the Islamist militia shot down a helicopter near Benghazi. The deaths provided the first confirmation that France has troops in the country where the Islamic State group has several bases.
    (AP, 7/20/16)

2016        Jul 19, Authorities in southern France detained a man who stabbed a woman and her three daughters at an Alps resort, apparently upset at what they were wearing.
    (AP, 7/19/16)
2016        Jul 19, In Libya  a French warplane bombed positions of Islamic militias outside the eastern city of Benghazi, killing at least 16 fighters and destroying the militias' weapons. The bombing came in retaliation for the July 17 killing of members of the French special forces by the militias.
    (AP, 7/21/16)

2016        Jul 20, The French government forced a divisive labor bill through Parliament without a vote for third and final time.
    (AP, 7/20/16)

2016        Jul 22, President Francois Hollande said France will supply weapons to Iraq to support its fight against the Islamic State group, but ruled out any troop deployment in the country.
    (AFP, 7/22/16)
2016        Jul 22, IMF chief Christine Lagarde was ordered to stand trial in France over a massive state payout to a colourful tycoon when she was French economy minister.
    (AFP, 7/22/16)

2016        Jul 24, Chris Froome (31) became the first British cyclist to win the Tour de France three times.
    (http://tinyurl.com/hbh6jnm)
2016         Jul 24, British border agents moved in to help French officials deal with gigantic backups for travelers trying to cross the English Channel into France. The delays come at the start of the British holiday season when tens of thousands of vacationers head to continental Europe.
    (AP, 7/24/16)

2016        Jul 26, In France two attackers took hostages inside a church during morning Mass in the small Normandy town of Saint-Etienne-du-Rouvray, killing Father Jacques Hamel, (85) by slitting his throat before being shot and killed by police. The Islamic State group claimed responsibility for the attack. The attackers were soon identified as Adel Kermiche (19) and Abdel Malik Petitjean (19).
    (AP, 7/26/16)(AFP, 7/28/16)

2016        Jul 28, French President Francois Hollande confirmed that a National Guard would be formed from existing reserve forces to better protect citizens facing terror attacks.
    (AFP, 7/28/16)

2016        Jul 29, Air France cancelled 10 percent of its long-distance flights, during a period of high traffic due to summer vacations, because of a strike by cabin crew.
    (AP, 7/29/16)

2016        Aug 6, In northern France a fire sparked by birthday cake candles tore through the Au Cuba Libre bar in Rouen, killing at least 13 people.
    (AFP, 8/6/16)

2016        Aug 9, France said it has agreed to sell 30 Caracal military helicopters to Kuwait as part of the countries' strategic partnership. The deal was said to be worth more than 1 billion euros ($1.1 billion).
    (AP, 8/9/16)

2016        Aug 11, In France forest fires raged through parts of the Mediterranean coast, with the worst in almost two decades burning around Marseille, injuring seven people and forcing authorities to evacuate thousands from their homes.
    (Reuters, 8/11/16)

2016        Aug 24, India said it is investigating the extent to which secrets about French Scorpene submarines being built in the country have been compromised, after a leak of documents relating to its combat capabilities. The leak contains more than 22,000 pages outlining the secret capabilities of six submarines that French builder DCNS has designed for the Indian Navy.
    (Reuters, 8/24/16)

2016        Aug 25, Sonia Rykiel (86), the French fashion designer known as the Queen of Knitwear, died in Paris after a long battle with Parkinson's disease.
    (AFP, 8/25/16)

2016        Aug 26, A top French court suspended a ban on full-body burkini swimsuits that has angered Muslims, feminists and civil liberties campaigners.
    (Reuters, 8/26/16)

2016        Aug 31, In France the Marseille prosecutor's office said it has opened an investigation into trafficking and importing illegal drugs after workers at a Coca-Cola factory in Signes opened a shipment of orange juice but instead found 370 kg of cocaine.
    (AP, 8/31/16)

2016        Sep 20, Air France canceled its morning flight to Kinshasa amid an escalation of street violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo capital over opposition claims the president wants to extend his mandate.
    (Reuters, 9/20/16)

2016        Sep 23, India signed a deal to buy 36 Rafale fighter jets from France for around $8.7 billion, the country's first major acquisition of combat planes in two decades and a boost for PM Narendra Modi's plan to rebuild an ageing fleet.
    (Reuters, 9/23/16)

2016        Oct 3, In France armed robbers early today forced their way into a private Paris residence where Kim Kardashian West was staying, tied her up and locked her in a bathroom before making off with more than $10 million worth of jewelry. On Jan 13, 2017, six more suspects were charged in the robbery raising the number of people facing preliminary charges to 10.
    (AP, 10/3/16)(SFC, 1/14/17, p.A2)

2016        Oct 5, A trio of European scientists has won the 2016 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for developing molecular machines that could one day be injected to fight cancer or used to make new types of materials and energy storage devices. Frenchman Jean-Pierre Sauvage, Scotland's J. Fraser Stoddart and Dutchman Bernard Feringa developed molecules that produce mechanical motion in response to a stimulus, allowing them to perform specific tasks.
    (Reuters, 10/5/16)

2016        Oct 21, Prosecutors from Belgium, France, Morocco and Spain called for the ability to unlock phones and computers and to gain access to encrypted communications to aid in the fight against terrorism following a 2-day meeting in Paris.
    (AP, 10/21/16)

2016        Oct 31, French Defence Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian said that France would be ready to intervene in Central African Republic if necessary, despite ending its peacekeeping mission in its former colony.
    (Reuters, 10/31/16)

2016        Oct, French journalists Gerard Davet and Fabrice Lhomme authored "Un président ne devrait pas dire ça..." (A president should not say that), based on 61 interviews with President Francois Hollande over four years.
    (Econ, 11/5/16, p.44)

2016        Nov 4, French police removed thousands of migrants from a squalid camp in northeast Paris that had doubled in size after the closure last week of the "Jungle" camp in Calais.
    (Reuters, 11/4/16)

2016        Nov 5, French police in Ascain arrested Mikel Irastorza, the leader of the debilitated Basque militant group ETA. Spanish police said Irastorza, who had been in hiding since 2008, became ETA's leading member a year ago.
    (AP, 11/5/16)

2016        Nov 8, Authorities identified a Belgian named Oussama Atar as the possible organizer of deadly Islamic State attacks on Paris and Brussels over the past year. The whereabouts of Abu Ahmed, a pseudonym of the suspected attack coordinator, was unknown.
    (AP, 11/8/16)

2016        Nov 20, French conservatives voted in a nationwide primary for the first time to choose their nominee for next year's presidential election, after a campaign marked by concerns about immigration and Islamic extremism. The three leading candidates included Nicolas Sarkozy (61) and former prime ministers Francois Fillon (62) and Alain Juppe (72). Francois Fillon won 44 percent of the votes.
    (AP, 11/20/16)(Reuters, 11/21/16)

2016        Nov 21, In France two Qatari women were targeted on the A1 highway en route to Paris' high-end 16th arrondissement after arriving at the Le Bourget Airport. Two masked thieves stopped their car, sprayed them with tear gas and stole belongings worth as much as 5 million euros ($5.3 million).
    (AP, 11/22/16)

2016        Nov 25, In France British photographer David Hamilton (b.1933), known for his widely published nude images of underage girls, was found dead in his Paris home with a plastic bag over his head. Flavie Flament (42), who modelled for Hamilton almost 30 years ago, published an autobiographical novel last month in which she described being raped by a famous photographer during a shoot.
    (AP, 11/26/16)

2016        Nov 27, French conservatives voted for their nominee in next year's presidential election. Francois Fillon (62) faced Alain Juppe (71), both high-profile leaders of the center-right Republicans party.
    (AP, 11/27/16)

2016        Nov 29, Airbus said it wants to cut more than 1,100 jobs across Europe after presenting a reorganization plan to the works council in Toulouse.
    (AP, 11/29/16)

2016        Dec 1, The French-German human rights award in Berlin was presented to Wang Qiaoling, whose husband Li Heping, a prominent lawyer, was detained by Chinese authorities in 2015.
    (Reuters, 12/2/16)

2016        Dec 3, In Abu Dhabi representatives of around 40 countries approved plans to establish a fund to protect heritage sites in war zones and a network of safe havens for endangered artworks. The meeting, co-sponsored by France and the United Arab Emirates, was spurred by the systematic destruction and looting of archaeological treasures in Iraq and Syria by the Islamic State group. France committed $30 million toward protecting cultural heritage sites during wartime.
    (AFP, 12/3/16)(AP, 12/3/16)

2016        Dec 6, In France former interior minister Bernard Cazeneuve took over as prime minister, replacing Manuel Valls who resigned to fight for the Socialist party nomination in presidential elections next year.
    (AFP, 12/6/16)

2016        Dec 7, Paris, France, was smothered by its worst winter pollution in a decade, with commuters enjoying free public transport and half of all cars ordered off the road to try to clear the air.
    (AFP, 12/7/16)

2016        Dec 8, Former French budget minister Jerome Cahuzac (64), whose brief in government was to crack down on tax dodgers, was sentenced to three years in prison for tax fraud and money laundering. The hidden wealth of Cahuzac and his wife Patricia Menard was estimated at 3.5 million euros ($3.8 million) in 2013, when Cahuzac was forced to resign after only 10 months in office.
    (AFP, 12/8/16)(AP, 12/8/16)

2016        Dec 9, In France Kazakh opposition figure Mukhtar Ablyazov was released from prison after France's highest administrative authority blocked his extradition to Russia, where he is accused of embezzling billions of dollars.
    (AFP, 12/10/16)

2016        Dec 10, In France US Secretary of State John Kerry was given the Legion d'Honneur, France's highest honor, with his French counterpart calling him "the most French of American officials".
    (AFP, 12/10/16)

2016        Dec 12, French police hunted for four men suspected of stealing gold dust worth an estimated 1.5 million euros from an armored truck before setting cars ablaze near a major highway and fleeing.
    (AP, 12/12/16)

2016        Dec 13, In France the Eiffel Tower, normally open every single day of the year, closed because of a strike over salaries and working conditions.
    (AP, 12/13/16)

2016        Dec 14, French police detained dozens of Greenpeace protesters who were blocking the Paris headquarters of EDF, the public electricity company that operates the nuclear power plants in France.
    (AP, 12/14/16)

2016        Dec 16, In France an elderly electrician and his wife were convicted of illicitly procuring hundreds of Picasso artworks that they kept for almost 40 years in the garage of their home. An appeals court in the southern city of Aix-en-Provence gave a two-year suspended sentence to Pierre Le Guennec (77), who carried out electrical work at the home of Pablo Picasso's last wife in the early 1970s, along with his wife, Danielle. The 180 paintings, other artworks as well as a book of 91 drawings were estimated at a combined worth of $63-$105 million.
    (Reuters, 12/16/16)
2016        Dec 16, French and Spanish police made five arrests after discovering a suspected weapons trove for the Basque militant group ETA in southern France.
    (AP, 12/17/16)

2016        Dec 18, In Paris the Eiffel Tower reopened to the public after a closedown of five consecutive days due to workers' strike.
    (AP, 12/18/16)

2016        Dec 19, In France Christine Lagarde, the International Monetary Fund's managing director, was convicted without punishment of negligence by a special French court for her role in a contentious and generous arbitration award in 2008 to tycoon Bernard Tapie in 2008 over the botched sale of sportswear maker Adidas in the 1990s.
    (AP, 12/19/16)
2016        Dec 19, A draft report released by a European Parliament probe accused France, Italy and Spain of trying to slow down the introduction of tougher auto emissions tests despite knowing that the old ones were causing more pollution.
    (AP, 12/19/16)

2016        Dec 26, Frenchman Thomas Coville sailed into the Brittany port of Brest completing his sail around the world alone, to set a new world record: 49 days, 3 hours, 7 minutes and 38 seconds.
    (AP, 12/26/16)

2016        Dec 28, French President Francois Hollande pardoned Jacqueline Sauvage, who had been convicted for the murder of her violent husband. She had been sentenced to 10 years in jail for shooting dead her husband in 2012 after he beat her up for decades.
    (Reuters, 12/28/16)

2016        Franch presidential candidate Emmanuel Macron authored “Revolution."
    (Econ, 2/25/17, p.44)
2016        Another 5,000 French Jews emigrated to Israel this year, continuing a trend that has seen tens of thousands quit the country after a series of attacks targeting the community.
    (AFP, 1/9/17)

2017        Jan 4, In France former Kosovar PM Ramush Haradinaj was arrested at Basel Mulhouse Freiburg airport on a Serbian warrant. He faced possible extradition to Serbia to face war crimes charges.
    (AP, 1/5/17)
2017        Jan 4, French customs officials intercepted 70 kg of Captagon, dubbed the "jihadists' drug", at Paris's Charles de Gaulle airport, a first for France. Another 67 kg of the drug were found at the airport in February. Captagon, a type of amphetamine, is one of the most commonly used drugs among fighters in the Syrian war.
    (AFP, 5/30/17)

2017        Jan 5, French authorities started slaughtering ducks in the main foie gras-producing region to try to contain a dangerous form of bird flu.
    (AP, 1/5/17)

2017        Jan 6, In southwestern France workers wearing masks and protective clothes gassed thousands of ducks, in a massive cull that was ordered in an attempt to prevent a spread of the H5N8 bird flu virus.
    (Reuters, 1/6/17)

2017        Jan 8, In eastern France a bus skidded off a slippery stretch of Route 79, killing four Portuguese passengers and leaving more than a dozen injured.
    (AP, 1/8/17)

2017        Jan 9, French police arrested 17 people in relation to the robbery last Oct 3 in Paris of more than $10 million in jewels from Kim Kardashian West.
    (SFC, 1/10/17, p.A2)

2017        Jan 10, EU anti-trust regulators cleared the French government's massive restructuring of troubled state-owned nuclear reactor builder Areva.
    (AFP, 1/10/17)

2017        Jan 15, In France representatives from 70 countries met in Paris to try to revive stalled Israeli-Palestinian peace efforts. Neither Israel nor the Palestinians attended the conference.
    (AFP, 1/15/17)

2017        Jan 16, It was announced the Italy’s Luxottica, a maker of fancy specs, will merge with Essilor, a French producer of eye lenses.
    (www.essilor.com/en/investors/essilor-and-luxottica/)(Econ, 1/21/17, p.54)

2017        Jan 18, A court in southwest France gave the go-ahead for the extradition of Stephen Carruthers (43), a suspected pedophile arrested on Jan 8, who is one of Britain's most wanted fugitives.
    (AFP, 1/18/17)

2017        Jan 19, In France it was announced that aircraft-engine company Safran has agreed to buy seat and cabin manufacturer Zodiac Aerospace in a deal worth 8.5 billion euros ($9.1 billion).
    (AP, 1/19/17)

2017        Jan 22, French left-wing voters cast ballots in a nationwide presidential primary aimed at producing a Socialist candidate strong enough to confront formidable conservative and nationalist rivals in the April-May general election.
    (AP, 1/22/17)

2017        Jan 24, French Interior Minister Bruno Le Roux said that his government has requested blocks for 834 websites and that 1,929 more be pulled from search engines' results as part of the fight against "child pornographic and terrorist content". He also said French authorities ordered the blockage or removal of more than 2,700 websites in 2016.
    (AP, 1/24/17)
2017        Jan 24, The board of state-run Electricite de France voted to start the process of closing the two reactors at the 39-year-old Fessenheim plant, near the German border.
    (AP, 1/24/17)

2017        Jan 25, French investigators launched a preliminary probe into claims the wife of presidential candidate Francois Fillon earned 500,000 euros ($538,000) for a suspected fake job as his parliamentary aide.
    (AFP, 1/25/17)
2017        Jan 25, Poland's state-run defense firm PGZ said it has signed a memorandum of understanding with French military shipbuilder DCNS that could allow them to work together on building submarines in Poland.
    (Reuters, 1/25/17)

2017        Jan 26, French skipper Francis Joyon smashed the record for the fastest sail around the world by more than four days and he won the Jules Verne Trophy.
    (AP, 1/26/17)

2017        Jan 27, It was reported that Belgium has sealed an agreement with France and the Netherlands to draw up passenger lists and introduce passport checks on Thalys and Eurostar international rail services.
    (AP, 1/27/17)

2017        Jan 28, France and Germany expressed mounting alarm at key decisions by US Pres. Donald Trump in his first week in office, saying they raised many issues of concern.
    (AFP, 1/28/17)

2017        Jan 29, In France more than 1.3 million voters took part in the runoff vote organized by Socialists to pick their candidate for the presidential election, a higher turnout than at the same time in last week’s first round. Benoit Hamon (49) won the party nomination with almost 59% of the vote.
    (Reuters, 1/29/17)(SFC, 1/30/17, p.A2)

2017        Jan 30, In the Philippines Iris Mittenaere (23), a dental student from Lille city, France, won the Miss Universe crown in a pageant, saying her triumph will make the beauty contest more popular in Europe and help her efforts to put more underprivileged children in school.
    (AP, 1/30/17)

2017        Feb 1, Embattled French presidential candidate Francois Fillon said he would run in France's upcoming election despite fake job allegations targeting his wife that have put his campaign on the rocks.
    (Reuters, 2/1/17)

2017        Feb 2, In France an identity check degenerated in the Paris suburb of Aulnay-sous-Bois. A man (22) was severely injured after allegedly being sodomized with a police baton. One police officer was soon charged with rape and three others with assault.
    (AP, 2/6/17)

2017        Feb 3, A French soldier shot and wounded a man armed with a machete and carrying two bags on his back as he tried to enter the Paris Louvre museum in what the government said appeared to have been a terrorist attack. The attacker was shot four times after slightly injuring a soldier patrolling the nearby underground mall. An Egyptian Interior Ministry official confirmed the next day that the attacker is Egyptian-born Abdullah Reda Refaie al-Hamahmy (28).
    (Reuters, 2/3/17)(AP, 2/4/17)

2017        Feb 4, France's far-right National Front detailed 144 proposals for party leader Marine Le Pen's election bid, including leaving the euro and a vote on EU membership.
    (Reuters, 2/4/17)

2017        Feb 6, French presidential candidate Francois Fillon apologized for the "error" he made in hiring his wife as a parliamentary aide and denied she was paid for a fake job.
    (AFP, 2/6/17)

2017        Feb 7, Former French president Nicolas Sarkozy was ordered to stand trial in an inquiry into alleged campaign finance fraud during his failed 2012 re-election bid.
    (AP, 2/7/17)
2017        Feb 7, Gangs of French youths torched cars and bins in a showdown with police in a north Paris suburb overnight in a grim reminder of the simmering tension that sparked weeks of more serious rioting in the area a decade ago. It was the third night of tension since four police officers were suspended pending an inquiry into accusations they had used excessive force on Feb 2 while arresting a 22-year-old man there, including shoving a baton into his anus.
    (Reuters, 2/7/17)

2017        Feb 9, A French court threw out a complaint by a federation of Catholic families that dating site Gleeden's business model is illegal and anti-social because it encourages extramarital affairs.
    (AP, 2/9/17)
2017        Feb 9, French carmaker PSA Group, maker of Peugeot and Citroen vehicles, said it has been referred to prosecutors over its diesel emissions.
    (Reuters, 2/9/17)

2017        Feb 10, French anti-terrorist police arrested four people in Montpellier, including a girl (16), suspected of preparing an "imminent" attack.
    (AFP, 2/10/17)

2017        Feb 11, In France some 15,000 people marched in the eastern city of Strasbourg demanding that Turkey release Kurdish separatist leader Abdullah Ocalan, as Europe's Kurds held their biggest annual gathering.
    (AFP, 2/11/17)
2017        Feb 11, In France 37 people were arrested in the Paris suburbs when clashes erupted after a protest over the Feb 2 assault of a young black man allegedly sodomized with a police truncheon.
    (AFP, 2/12/17)

2017        Feb 13, In the French Alps at least four skiers were killed in an avalanche near the resort of Tignes. Rescuers said they are trying to dig out five others from the snow with shovels.
    (AP, 2/13/17)

2017        Feb 16, France's parliament approved a bill criminalizing websites that carry purposely false information with the aim of dissuading women from having abortions.
    (AP, 2/16/17)
2017        Feb 16, In France the Troadec family -- Pascal and Brigitte, both aged around 50, their son Sebastien (21) and his sister Charlotte (18) – were last seen in Nantes. Bloodstains found in the house in a suburb of Nantes later matched the DNA of three of the four missing persons. On March 5 the sister and brother-in-law of Pascal Troadec were remanded in custody.
    (AFP, 2/28/17)(AFP, 3/5/17)

2017        Feb 19, French activists demonstrated in Paris and other cities against corruption amid a presidential campaign marked by a fake jobs investigation and other legal scandals.
    (AP, 2/19/17)

2017        Feb 20, In France Vjeran Tomic (49), a criminal known as "Spiderman," was jailed for eight years for stealing five paintings in 2010 worth 100 million euros ($106 million) from a Paris museum.
    (AP, 2/20/17)

2017        Feb 22, France and Germany won backing from the European Union's executive for proposals to tighten security across Europe, which include giving more powers to governments to monitor frontiers with other EU states.
    (Reuters, 2/22/17)

2017        Feb 23, Hundreds of French high-school students staged an unauthorized anti-police rally, blocking the entrances to a dozen schools in Paris in the latest in a series of protests over the Feb 2 alleged rape of a young black man with a police baton.
    (Reuters, 2/23/17)

2017        Feb 24, France's centrist presidential candidate Emmanuel Macron (39) gave the first clear outlines of his economic program, promising a mix of public spending cuts and fresh investment to stimulate sluggish growth.
    (AFP, 2/24/17)

2017        Feb 25, France said it will send a contingent of counterterror forces to help the army in Niger after militants ambushed a military patrol on Feb 22 killing 16.
    (AFP, 2/26/17)

2017        Mar 3, In France charities expressed outrage as the mayor of the port Calais, which has symbolized Europe's refugee crisis, signed a ban a day earlier on gatherings that could stop aid groups distributing meals to migrants and refugees.
    (Reuters, 3/3/17)

2017        Mar 6, French carmaker PSA announced the acquisition of General Motors' European subsidiary, which includes the Opel and Vauxhall brands, for 1.3 billion euros ($1.38 billion).
    (AFP, 3/6/17)
2017        Mar 6, The French-made Peugeot 3008 was voted European car of the year on the eve of the opening of the Geneva motor show.
    (Econ, 3/11/17, p.63)

2017        Mar 7, In France poachers broke into the Thoiry Zoo overnight and shot a 5-year-old rhinoceros named Vince three times in the head. They used a chain saw to remove the animal's ivory horn.
    (AP, 3/7/17)

2017        Mar 9, The Ile de France region passed a new rule obliging laborers on public building sites to use French, copying action taken elsewhere in France to squeeze out foreign workers.
    (AP, 3/10/17)

2017        Mar 14, French presidential candidate Francois Fillon was put under formal investigation by magistrates on suspicion of embezzling state funds.
    (AP, 3/14/17)

2017        Mar 16, In Paris, France, a female employee of the International Monetary Fund suffered injuries to her face and arms when a letter bomb addressed to the world lender's European representative blew up as she opened it.
    (Reuters, 3/16/17)
2017        Mar 16, In southern France Killian Barbey (16) was arrested with a cache of weapons after a shooting at the Alexis de Tocqueville high school in Grasse that left eight people injured including the head teacher.
    (AFP, 3/16/17)(AP, 3/17/17)(SFC, 3/17/17, p.A2)

2017        Mar 17, A visit of Segolene Royal, the French minister of ecology, to French Guiana was cut short after masked demonstrators from the collective stormed into a regional conference on biodiversity she was attending in the department's capital city of Cayenne.
    (AP, 3/25/17)
2017        Mar 17, Txetx Etcheverry, a prominent figure in the French Basque community, said the Basque separatist group ETA will complete its disarmament by April 8.
    (AP, 3/17/17)

2017        Mar 18, In France a man was shot to death after attempting to seize a soldier's weapon at the Orly Airport. He was soon identified as Ziyed Ben Belgacem, a 39-year-old born in France. Judicial sources said he became a radicalized Muslim when he served a prison term several years ago for drug-trafficking.
    (AP, 3/18/17)(Reuters, 3/19/17)

2017        Mar 20, French Pres. Francois Hollande said world donors pledged more than $75 million to an historic UNESCO-backed alliance to protect cultural heritage sites threatened by war and the wave of ideological-driven destruction carried out by Islamic State group militants.
    (AP, 3/20/17)

2017        Mar 24, President Vladimir Putin granted an audience to French far-right party leader Marine Le Pen in the Kremlin, bestowing a level of international recognition that has so far eluded her in the countdown to France's presidential election.
    (Reuters, 3/24/17)
2017        Mar 24, The US government to issue a travel warning for French Guiana in South America. Large protests have spread throughout the territory, blocking roads to neighboring Brazil and Suriname.
    (AP, 3/25/17)

2017        Mar 26, In France Shaoyo Liu (56), a Chinese man, was shot and killed in his home by a plainclothes police officer. The killing prompted angry demonstrations the next day from the Asian community in Paris' multicultural northeast where the killing occurred. Liu’s daughter said her father was cooking dinner when she heard a loud knocking and that police broke down their door and shot him as he held scissors.
    (AP, 3/28/17)(AP, 3/29/17)

2017        Mar 27, French energy company Total announced the launching a multi-billion-dollar petrochemical joint venture in Texas as it tries to profit from the "business-friendly environment" under the current US administration.
    (AP, 3/27/17)
2017        Mar 27, French Guiana faced a nationwide strike over crime and economic difficulties, amid protests that have paralyzed the French territory in South America, halted flights and a rocket launch and prompted a US travel warning.
    (AP, 3/27/17)

2017        Mar 28, A French court sent Carlos the Jackal, once one of the world's most wanted criminals, back to jail for his third life sentence after convicting him of a grenade attack 42 years ago on a Paris shop that killed two people.
    (Reuters, 3/28/17)
2017        Mar 28, London and Paris signed a business agreement, to be launched in 2018, to cooperate in attracting visitors and companies.
    (AP, 3/28/17)

2017        Mar 29, The mayors of Paris and London announced a new scheme for monitoring emissions from vehicles, aimed at improving air quality in the two capitals.
    (Reuters, 3/29/17)

2017        Mar 31, In France hemmed in and closely watched by police, hundreds of Muslims unrolled rugs and mats and prayed outdoors in the busy streets of a Paris suburb to protest the closure of their prayer hall.
    (AP, 3/31/17)

2017        Apr 1, France announced a billion euros ($1.07 billion) aid for strike-hit French Guiana, as representatives of the Guianese told visiting ministers the South American territory should be given "special status".
    (AFP, 4/1/17)

2017        Apr 6, France's foreign minister called for the prosecution of President Bashar Assad's government amid growing international outrage over the April 4 assault in Syria's Idlib province that activists say killed 86 people.
    (AP, 4/6/17)
2017        Apr 6, French Bishop Herve Gaschignard (57) resigned at the behest of the Vatican over "inappropriate behavior" towards youths, just weeks after complaints came to the attention of his diocese.
    (AFP, 4/6/17)

2017        Apr 7, The Basque separatist group ETA, which has promised to give up all its remaining arms by April 8, said it has handed over the weapons to members of "civil society" in France. Analysts estimated ETA's arsenal at 130 handguns and two tons of explosives.
    (AFP, 4/7/17)

2017        Apr 8, Basque militant group ETA effectively ended an armed separatist campaign after almost half a century, leading French authorities to the sites where it says its caches of weapons, explosives and ammunition are hidden.
    (Reuters, 4/8/17)
2017        Apr 8, In eastern France Hani Ramadan, a Swiss Islamic preacher with extremist views, was arrested in Colmar as he was taking part in a conference. Police escorted him to the Swiss border.
    (AP, 4/9/17)d

2017        Apr 9, The French government published a decree for closing the country's oldest nuclear plant at Fessenheim, fulfilling a campaign-trail pledge made by President Francois Hollande who is now in the final weeks of office.
    (AFP, 4/9/17)

2017        Apr 11, In France a huge fire overnight gutted Grande-Synthe facility, one of the country’s biggest migrant camps housing 1,500 people. It started after a brawl involving hundreds of Afghans and Kurds. At least 10 people were injured.
    (AFP, 4/11/17)

2017        Apr 13, Facebook said it has targeted 30,000 fake accounts linked to France ahead of the country's two-round April 23-May 7 presidential election, as part of a worldwide effort against misinformation.
    (AP, 4/14/17)

2017        Apr 18, French police arrested two men in Marseille on suspicion of planning an attack just days before the first round of a presidential election, with bomb-making materials and guns found in searches.
    (AFP, 4/18/17)

2017        Apr 20, In France a gunman shot and killed a policeman and wounded two others in Paris late today, an attack claimed by the Islamic State group. Frenchman Karim Cheurfi (39) pulled out an automatic weapon and opened fire on a police van just a few hundred meters from the iconic Arc de Triomphe.
    (AFP, 4/21/17)

2017        Apr 23, French voters flocked to the polls under heavy security in the first round of a highly unpredictable presidential election seen as vital for the future of the ailing European Union. Centrist Emmanuel Macron won 23.74 percent of votes while far-right leader Marine Le Pen won 21.53 and will face off in the all-important second round on May 7.
    (AFP, 4/23/17)(Reuters, 4/24/17)

2017        Apr 25, Japan-based Trend Micro, a cybersecurity research group, said French presidential candidate Emmanuel Macron's political campaign was targeted by a group of Russian hackers last month.
    (AFP, 4/25/17)

2017        Apr 26, French intelligence services said they have scientific proof that the Syrian regime was responsible for the April 4 suspected chemical attack that killed 87 people.
    (AFP, 4/26/17)

2017        Apr 27, French riot police clashed with youths in central Paris when a demonstration against far right leader presidential candidate Marine Le Pen and her centrist rival Emmanuel Macron turned violent.
    (Reuters, 4/27/17)
2017        Apr 27, A French court turned down a Serbian request to extradite Ramush Haradinaj, a former guerilla commander and prime minister of Kosovo. A prosecutor said Haradinaj, who was arrested earlier this year, has been released.
    (SFC, 4/28/17, p.A2)

2017        May 1, In France one police officer was seriously burnt and two others injured in clashes at a May Day demonstration in Paris in which protesters threw Molotov cocktails and other missiles.
    (Reuters, 5/1/17)

2017        May 4, It was reported that France has granted political asylum to Russian artist Pyotr Pavlensky (33), who once memorably nailed his scrotum to Red Square to denounce state power.
    (AFP, 5/4/17)   

2017        May 5, French presidential candidate Emmanuel Macron's campaign said it had been the target of a "massive" computer hack that dumped its campaign emails online 1-1/2 days before voters choose between the centrist and far-right rival, Marine Le Pen.
    (Reuters, 5/6/17)
2017        May 5, In France the Cartooning for Peace group, founded by French cartoonist Plantu, said cartoonists were increasingly becoming the victims of repressive crackdowns on free speech. Ten countries including Russia, Turkey and India were condemned for censoring, locking up or threatening cartoonists in a new report published by the group.
    (AP, 5/5/17)

2017        May 6, The French electoral commission said media should not republish information hacked from the campaign team of centrist presidential candidate Emmanuel Macron.
    (Reuters, 5/6/17)

2017        May 7, France held presidential elections. Opinion polls predicted that the former economy minister Emmanuel Macron (39) would win the five-year presidency, seeing off the National Front's Marine Le Pen after an election campaign full of scandal and upsets. Macron beat far-right leader Marine Le Pen by 66 percent to 34.
    (Reuters, 5/7/17)(Reuters, 5/8/17)
2017        May 7, Thierry Frezier, an employee of a French mining company operating in Chad, arrived in the Sudanese capital Khartoum after being rescued in a raid organized by France, Chad and Sudan. He was kidnapped in Chad in March and taken to the Darfur area of Sudan. Five kidnappers were arrested in the raid.
    (Reuters, 5/7/17)

2017        May 8, French police said a hundred and forty-one people were arrested in Paris after trouble flared overnight following Emmanuel Macron's victory. The demonstrators were protesting both against Macron and his defeated far-right rival, Marine Le Pen.
    (Reuters, 5/8/17)

2017        May 9, In the French Alps an avalanche swept away a group of cross-country skiers, killing three people.
    (Reuters, 5/9/17)

2017        May 10, French carmaker Peugeot said shareholders of parent company PSA Group have agreed to the financial plans for buying General Motors' European operations, including the Opel and Vauxhall brands.
    (AP, 5/10/17)

2017        May 13, Romanian carmaker Dacia, owned by France's Renault, said some of its production had been hit by yesterday’s global ransomware cyber-attack that has infected computers in nearly 100 countries. Renault stopped production at several sites.
    (Reuters, 5/13/17)

2017        May 14, Emmanuel Macron (39) took power as president of France, vowing to restore the country's status in Europe and the world and heal divisions in society -- a nod to the bitter campaign the pro-EU centrist fought to defeat a far-right leader.
    (Reuters, 5/14/17)

2017        May 15, Newly-inaugurated French President Emmanuel Macron appointed Edouard Philippe (46), the center-right mayor of Le Havre, as prime minister in a move to broaden his political appeal and weaken his opponents before legislative elections in June.
    (Reuters, 5/15/17)(Econ 5/20/17, p.46)

2017        May 18, A French appeals court ruled that tycoon Bernard Tapie (74) must repay the 404 million euros ($449 million) he received in 2008 to settle his long-running dispute with the state over the sale of sports equipment maker Adidas.
    (AFP, 5/18/17)

2017        May 19, Mali’s Pres. Ibrahim Boubacar Keita sat down for talks with visiting French President Emmanuel Macron. Macron visited French troops fighting jihadists and urged faster progress on a peace accord signed in 2015.
    (AFP, 5/19/17)
2017        May 19, In France Stanley Greene (68), an award-winning American photographer of conflict, disasters and humanitarian crises across the globe, died in Paris.
    (AP, 5/19/17)

2017        May 28, In France the Cannes Film Festival awarded the Palme d’Or to Ruben Ostlund’s “The Square." Sofia Coppola became the second woman to win the best director award for her remake of “The Beguiled," Don Siegel’s 1971 Civil War drama.   
    (SFC, 5/29/17, p.A2)

2017        May 29, French Pres. Emanuel Macron held talks with Russian Pres. Vladimir Putin at Versailles. Macron pushed for cooperation on Syria and against the Islamic State group and launched an attack on two Russian media outlets he accused of spreading lying propaganda.
    (SFC, 5/30/17, p.A2)
2017        May 29, The European Union has approved the takeover of the reactor business of Areva by nuclear giant EDF in an all-French transaction, arguing it will not affect healthy competition in the sector.
    (AP, 5/29/17)

2017        May 31, OLAF, the EU's anti-graft watchdog, said it has been "flooded" with alleged fraud cases in the European Parliament and other bodies that have dragged in France's far-right National Front.
    (AFP, 5/31/17)

2017        Jun 3, French President Emmanuel Macron and India’s PM Narendra Modi put forth a common front on the need to fight climate change, with the French leader saying he would travel to India before year's end for a summit on promoting solar energy.
    (AP, 6/3/17)
2017        Jun 3, It was reported that French soldiers in Mali have killed at least 20 jihadists at the border with Burkina Faso.
    (SFC, 6/3/17, p.A2)

2017        Jun 6, In France a man wielding a hammer attacked a police patrol in front of Paris' Notre Dame Cathedral. Farid Ikken was a former Algerian journalist who was working on a doctoral thesis and had not been suspected of radicalization. Ikken remained hospitalized after being shot by police.
    (AP, 6/7/17)(AP, 6/10/17)

2017        Jun 7, French President Emmanuel Macron held a special meeting to create a new counterterrorism unit to improve intelligence-sharing and elaborate security strategies, one day after a man attacked a police officer in front of Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris.
    (AP, 6/7/17)

2017        Jun 9, France's Constitutional Court struck down a measure allowing local authorities to bar protesters and others from their territories as part of the country's prolonged state of emergency.
    (AP, 6/9/17)
2017        Jun 9, French photographer Mathias Depardon was reported freed after a month in custody in Turkey.
    (AP, 6/9/17)

2017        Jun 11, French voters went back to the polls for the first round of parliamentary elections. President Emmanuel Macron's centrist “Republic on the Move" party won 28% of the votes for the National Assembly.
    (AFP, 6/11/17)(SFC, 6/12/17, p.A2)

2017        Jun 12, French urban climber Alain Robert scaled a 29-story hotel in Barcelona with his bare hands and in just 20 minutes.
    (AP, 6/13/17)

2017        Jun 18, French voters returned to the polls for the second round of a parliamentary election. Emmanuel Macron's Republic on the Move (LRM) and its centrist ally MoDem won 350 seats in the 577-seat National Assembly in the runoff vote. The result means LRM can if necessary govern without the support of MoDem, which won 42 seats.
    (AFP, 6/18/17)(AP, 6/19/17)(Econ 6/24/17, p.46)

2017        Jun 19, In France a car exploded as it crashed into a police vehicle on Paris’ Champs Elysees killing only the driver (31), later identified only as Adam D. Police called it a possible terrorist attack.
    (SFC, 6/20/17, p.A2)(SFC, 6/23/17, p.A2)
2017        Jun 19, The European Union approved 377 million euros ($420 million) in state aid from France and Germany for the development of a new Airbus helicopter.
    (AP, 6/19/17)
2017        Jun 19, In Iraq French video journalist Stephan Villeneuve (48) and Iraqi Kurdish journalist Bakhtiyar Haddad (41) were killed in a mine blast while covering the operation to root out Islamic State extremists from Mosul. Swiss journalist Veronique Robert (54) was severely wounded and died later this week after being flown back to France for treatment.
    (AP, 6/20/17)(AFP, 6/24/17)

2017        Jun 20, French Defence Minister Sylvie Goulard announced her resignation over a fake jobs scandal that has hit her small centrist MoDem party, which has allied itself with President Emmanuel Macron's party.
    (AFP, 6/20/17)
2017        Jun 20, In France a truck driver was killed in a highway accident prompted by a roadblock installed by migrants trying to board trucks traveling across to Britain. Nine Eritrean migrants were detained.
    (AP, 6/20/17)

2017        Jun 23, French President Emmanuel Macron and four eastern European Union leaders (Visegrad-4) sought to turn the page after publicly trading barbs over their differences on issues ranging from jobs to the bloc’s fundamental values. Poland, Hungary, Slovakia and the Czech Republic say they should be allowed to compete on lower prices - just as more developed western EU nations compete on quality products and know-how - to catch up after decades of communist stagnation.
    (Reuters, 6/23/17)

2017        Jun 26, French billionaire Francois Pinault unveiled his plans for a spectacular new museum in Paris. Pinault will show his $1.4 billion (1.25 billion euro) collection of modern masters in the domed Bourse de Commerce to open in early 2019.
    (AFP, 6/26/17)

2017        Jun 27, French construction materials company Saint Gobain said that it had been a victim of a cyberattack, and it had isolated its computer systems in order to protect data. The global cyber-attack also hit the property arm of France's biggest bank BNP Paribas, one of the largest financial institutions known to be affected by an extortion campaign.
    (Reuters, 6/27/17)(Reuters, 6/28/17)

2017        Jun 30, Simone Veil (b.1927), a survivor of Auschwitz and one of France's most respected politicians, died. As a member of the center-right Union for French Democracy, she was named health minister under president Valery Giscard d'Estaing and led a battle that marked her generation: the legalization of abortion.
    (AP, 6/30/17)(Econ 7/8/17, p.78)

2017        Jul 1, In Germany the 104th edition of the Tour de France got underway in rainy conditions in Duesseldorf. The three-week Tour concludes in Paris on July 23.
    (AP, 7/1/17)

2017        Jul 2, In Mali French Pres. Emmanuel Macron met with leaders from five regional countries known as the G5 (Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger). He said France will provide military support for operations as well as 70 tactical vehicles and communications, operations and protective equipment to support a new multinational military force against extremists in the vast Sahel region.
    (AP, 7/2/17)

2017        Jul 3, France, Germany and the European Union pledged more money for Libya's coast guard and more support for Italy to cope with a surge of migrant arrivals from Africa.
    (AP, 7/3/17)
2017        Jul 3, French energy giant Total signed a $4.9 billion agreement to develop an Iranian offshore gas field, in the biggest foreign deal since sanctions on Iran were eased.
    (AFP, 7/3/17)
2017        Jul 3,  British authorities said they have seized 79 handguns at a border check on the French side of the Channel Tunnel in the largest such haul on record.
    (Reuters, 7/3/17)

2017        Jul 6, French Ecology Minister Nicolas Hulot said France aims to end the sale of gasoline and diesel vehicles by 2040 and become carbon neutral 10 years later.
    (Reuters, 7/6/17)
2017        Jul 6, French Environment Minister Nicolas Hulot said France will take measures to restrict the use of palm oil in the production of biofuels with the aim of reducing indirect deforestation.
    (Reuters, 7/6/17)
2017        Jul 6, French Interior Minister Gerard Collomb said France is confiscating weapons from roughly 100 people on a watchlist of potential Islamist militants, two weeks after state prosecutors said an assailant inspired by Islamic State had been a gun-club member.
    (Reuters, 7/6/17)
2017        Jul 6, Physicists at the Large Hadron Collider beneath the Swiss-French border, announced the fleeting discovery of a long theorized but never-before-seen type of baryon called Xi cc.
    (AP, 7/6/17)

2017        Jul 7, Paris police moved out nearly 2,771 migrants who had been living rough in the north of the city, in the latest operation to ease strains caused by a human influx to Europe. They were taken mainly to school gymnasiums that have become available during the summer holidays.
    (AFP, 7/7/17)

2017        Jul 9, A storm lashed Paris late today with the highest rainfall ever recorded in the French capital, while other areas of France's center-west saw as much rain as would normally fall in the entire month of July.
    (Reuters, 7/10/17)

2017        Jul 10, State-owned Qatar Petroleum and French energy giant Total said they will formally launch a 25-year joint venture to develop the Al Shaheen oil field this week.
    (AFP, 7/10/17)

2017        Jul 11, Retired French judge Jean-Michel Lambert (65) was found dead at his home with his head in a plastic bag. Lambert had been the first magistrate in charge of the investigation into the 1984 killing of four-year-old Gregory Villemin. The case has haunted France for three decades.
    (Reuters, 7/12/17)

2017        Jul 12, PM Edouard Philippe said France will cut processing time for asylum requests and boost housing for refugees while "systematically" deporting illegal economic migrants.
    (AFP, 7/12/17)
2017        Jul 12, A French court annulled Google’s $1.27 billion bill for back taxes saying that the way the firm operates in France allows it to be exempt from most taxes.
    (SFC, 7/13/17, p.C3)

2017        Jul 13, French President Emmanuel Macron and German Chancellor Angela Merkel have opened the 19th annual summit between the two European countries, centered on security, defense and boosting the European project in a time of doubt.
    (AP, 7/13/17)
2017        Jul 13, France and Germany agreed to develop a European fighter jet to replace their existing fleets, part of a raft of measures to tighten defense and security cooperation, according to a document issued after a Franco-German cabinet meeting in Paris.
    (Reuters, 7/13/17)
2017        Jul 13, French power giant EDF said that it has acquired 11 wind farm projects in Britain as part of its drive to double renewable energy capacity by 2030.
    (AFP, 7/13/17)
2017        Jul 13, US Pres. Donald Trump arrived in France for a brief 24-hour trip to Paris coinciding with the July 14 Bastille Day celebrations.
    (AFP, 7/13/17)

2017        Jul 14, France’s President Emmanuel Macron and US President Donald Trump watched US and French soldiers march together through the Paris sunshine in a double celebration marking 100 years since the United States entered World War One and France's annual Bastille Day holiday.
    (Reuters, 7/14/17)

2017        Jul 15, In France the Energy Observer, a boat that fuels itself, set off around the world from Paris on a six-year journey that its designers hope will serve as a model for emissions-free energy networks of the future. The boat was originally designed in 1983 and enjoyed a successful career in open-sea sailing races before skippers Frederic Dahirel and Victorien Erussard and a French research institute converted it into the Energy Observer project.
    (AP, 7/15/17)

2017        Jul 19, Gen. Pierre de Villiers, France’s armed forces chief, resigned in a dispute with Pres. Emmanuel Macron over defense budget cuts. Gen. Francois Lecointre, a career military officer, was nominated as the new military chief.
    (Reuters, 7/19/17)(AP, 7/19/17)

2017        Jul 25, French firefighters battled wind-whipped infernos along the French Riviera coast as the flames torched vegetation on hills overlooking glitzy Mediterranean resorts thronged by summer holidaymakers.
    (AP, 7/25/17)
2017        Jul 25, Libya's UN-backed PM Fayez al-Sarraj and military strongman rival Khalifa Haftar met near Paris for talks aimed at easing tensions in their violence-wracked country.
    (AFP, 7/25/17)

2017        Jul 27, French politicians will no longer be allowed to employ their spouses or children as parliamentary assistants under rules adopted in response to a scandal involving former PM Francois Fillon and his wife.
    (Reuters, 7/27/17)
2017        Jul 27, The European Commission ordered France and Belgium to end tax breaks for ports, saying they distort competition in the 28-nation European Union.
    (AP, 7/27/17)

2017        Jul 31, French actress Jeanne Moreau (b.1928) died at her home in Paris. She lit up the screen in "Jules et Jim" (1962). Her other films included “Elevator to the Gallows" (1957) and “The Bride Wore Black" (1968).
    (AFP, 7/31/17)(SFC, 9/14/17 p.E8)
2017        Jul 31, Wikileaks published a cache of more than 70,000 emails related to the recent campaign of French Pres. Emmanuel Macron going back to 2009. There were no immediate bombshell disclosures.
    (SFC, 8/1/17, p.A2)

2017        Aug 5, In southern France hundreds of farmers, shepherds and politicians rallied in Aveyron calling for action to halt the slaughter of livestock by packs of wolves.
    (AFP, 8/5/17)

2017        Aug 7, Iran signed the country's biggest-ever car deal o build tens of thousands of cars annually under a joint venture with French automobile manufacturer Groupe Renault, buoying its manufacturing industry in defiance of the Trump administration's moves to isolate the country.
    (AP, 8/7/17)

2017        Aug 8, In France a BMW rammed into a group of soldiers in the Paris suburb of Levallois-Perret. Six soldiers were injured in the attack. Police the next day arrested the chief suspect in the attack. The man was wounded in a gunfight during his capture.
    (AP, 8/9/17)(SFC, 8/10/17, p.A4)

2017        Aug 14, In France a driver (32) rammed his car into a pizzeria near Paris, killing a girl and injuring 13 people. Officials the next day said he had consumed large quantities of medication and had severe mental health problems.
    (AFP, 8/15/17)(SFC, 8/1617, p.A2)

2017        Aug 17, Fadwa Suleiman (44), Syrian actress-turned-activist died in Paris overnight of cancer. She had fled to France after taking part in the 2011 uprising against President Bashar al-Assad. She had warned against the conflict turning into sectarian war, tried unsuccessfully to persuade residents of the predominantly Alawite cities of Latakia and Tartus to join the uprising.
    (AFP, 8/17/17)

2017        Aug 18, French police evicted thousands of migrants living on sidewalks in an area of northern Paris. Interior Minister Gerard Collomb said the latest action proved the system for handling migrants is "dysfunctional".
    (Reuters, 8/18/17)

2017        Aug 21, In France at least one person was killed and another injured in Marseille when a van crashed into two bus shelters in different parts of the city, in an incident not being treated as terrorism at this stage. The driver, a 35-year-old man being treated for psychological problems, was arrested.
    (Reuters, 8/21/17)(SFC, 8/22/17, p.A2)
2017        Aug 21, French oil company Total agreed to buy Danish conglomerate AP Moller-Maersk's oil business for $7.45 billion, in a deal that will strengthen its position in the North Sea.
    (AP, 8/21/17)

2017        Aug 25, French President Emmanuel Macron triggered a furious reaction from Poland after he attacked Warsaw for rejecting tough proposals to overhaul a controversial EU rule on cheap labor.
    (AFP, 8/25/17)

2017        Aug 26, French Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian said France is to grant a 430-million euro loan to Iraq and will help reconstruction and reconciliation efforts as it emerges from the war against Islamic State.
    (Reuters, 8/26/17)(AFP, 8/26/17)

2017        Aug 27, In southeastern France a girl (9) disappeared from a wedding party in Pont-de-Beauvoisin, 85 kilometers (53 miles) from Lyon. Police dogs found the girl's trace but lost it in the village hall's car park, suggesting she may have got into a car. On Sep 3 a local man (34), who was among the guests, was remanded in custody on charges of "kidnapping, illegal confinement or arbitrary detention" after her DNA was found in his car.
    (AP, 8/31/17)(AP, 9/4/17)
2017        Aug 27, In France Mireille Darc (79), a star of French cinema in the 1970s, died in Paris. She caused a sensation in a plunging backless gown in "The Tall Blond Man With One Black Shoe" (1972).
    (AFP, 8/28/17)

2017        Aug 28, The leaders of France, Germany, Italy and Spain met in Paris with counterparts from Libya, Niger and Chad to discuss ways to curb illegal migration across the Mediterranean Sea to European shores.
    (AP, 8/28/17)

2017        Aug 30, French police said some 250 to 300 bottles, worth up to 1,000 euros ($1,200) each, were stolen from the cellar in the 6th arrondissement of Paris sometime between July 28 and Aug 28, while the owner was vacationing.
    (AP, 8/30/17)

2017        Sep 5, The French defense minister said France is set to arm drones for the first time that are currently used exclusively for surveillance and intelligence.
    (AP, 9/5/17)
2017        Sep 5, A French court ruled that celebrity magazine Closer invaded the privacy of Britain's Prince William's wife Kate, the Duchess of Cambridge, when it published topless photos of her in 2012. The court handed the maximum fine of 45,000 euros ($53,500) to both Laurence Pieau, an editor of Closer's French edition, and Ernesto Mauri, chief executive of Italian publisher Mondadori, the magazine's owner.
    (Reuters, 9/5/17)

2017        Sep 6, France's government unveiled a law to ban all production and exploration of oil and natural gas by 2040 on the country's mainland and overseas territories.
    (AP, 9/6/17)
2017        Sep 6, In France two men were detained and the third man a day later linked to an explosives lab found in an apartment in a Paris suburb. They had talked about wanting to target a bank and had made phone calls to unidentified contacts in Syria.
    (AP, 9/7/17)
2017        Sep 6, French corporations LVMH and Kering signed a joint charter on working conditions in the fashion models industry aiming to protect the health of models. The agreement will take effect this month, in time for the spring-summer ready-to-wear runway collections.
    (AP, 9/6/17)
2017        Sep 6, Kate Millett (82), activist, artist and educator, died while on a visit in Paris. Her best-selling "Sexual Politics" (1970) was a landmark of cultural criticism and a manifesto for the modern feminist movement.
    (AP, 9/7/17)

2017        Sep 7, French President Emmanuel Macron kicked off his first official visit to Greece with a call for concerted efforts to tackle climate change.
    (AP, 9/7/17)
2017        Sep 7, French Interior Minister Gerard Collomb told Franc Info that at least eight people died and another 23 were injured when Hurricane Irma walloped the French Caribbean island territories of St. Martin and St. Barthelemy.
    (AP, 9/7/17)
2017        Sep 7, Britain, France and the Netherlands sent water, emergency rations and rescue teams to their stricken territories in the Caribbean hit by Hurricane Irma.
    (AFP, 9/7/17)

2017        Sep 8, French fashion tycoon Pierre Berge (86), the business brains behind the Yves Saint Laurent empire, died at his home at Saint-Remy-de-Provence.
    (AFP, 9/8/17)

2017        Sep 12, In France tens of thousands of protesters marched against President Emmanuel Macron's flagship economic reforms in the first major demonstrations against his pro-business agenda. Riot police clashed with hooded youths on the fringe of a protest in central Paris against Macron's reforms to loosen labor regulations.
    (AFP, 9/12/17)(Reuters, 9/12/17)

2017        Sep 13, French PM Edouard Philippe shrugged off nationwide protests against planned reforms to France's strict labor regulations, saying he was "listening" but would nonetheless press ahead with the bill.
    (Reuters, 9/13/17)

2017        Sep 14, In France the "secret" art collection amassed by Claude Monet, the father of Impressionism, went on display for the first time in Paris, 90 years after the great painter's death.
    (AFP, 9/14/17)

2017        Sep 15, France's highest court ruled that a researcher could be denied access to sensitive archives concerning the 1994 genocide in Rwanda even though they were ostensibly opened to the public in 2015.
    (AFP, 9/15/17)
2017        Sep 15, In France two women were injured by an attacker wielding a hammer and shouting Allahu Akbar in the eastern town of Chalon-sur-Saone in Burgundy. The attacker was on the run.
    (Reuters, 9/15/17)

2017        Sep 17, In France a woman (41) was arrested after she attacked four American women with acid in the Marseille train station.
    (AP, 9/17/17)

2017        Sep 19, French police encircled a makeshift camp in a forest near Dunkirk to force the evacuation of hundreds of migrants.
    (AP, 9/19/17)

2017        Sep 20, Liliane Bettencourt (b.1922), heiress of the L’Oreal cosmetics empire, died at her home near Paris.
    (SFC, 9/22/17 p.D8)

2017        Sep 21, French labor unions staged fresh protests against Pres. Emmanuel Macron's contested labor law reforms, a day before he adopts them by executive order.
    (AP, 9/21/17)

2017        Sep 22, French President Emmanuel Macron formally signed five decrees overhauling labor rules, the first major economic reforms since he took power in May.
    (Reuters, 9/22/17)

2017        Sep 23, In France several thousand demonstrators rallied to a call by firebrand leftist politician Jean-Luc Melenchon to join a protest in Paris against President Emmanuel Macron's sweeping reforms of the labor code.
    (AFP, 9/23/17)

2017        Sep 25, The French government said it is open to phasing out common weedkiller glyphosate, following complaints from farmers worried about a potential imminent ban.
    (Reuters, 9/25/17)
2017        Sep 25, French truck drivers staged road blockages near fuel depots across the country to protest against President Emmanuel Macron's changes to labor laws.
    (AP, 9/25/17)

2017        Sep 27, French President Emmanuel Macron's business-friendly government unveiled its first annual budget. The government confirmed it plans to cut taxes on high-earning finance sector jobs as part of efforts to make Paris more attractive for firms shifting operations out of London due to Brexit.
    (AFP, 9/27/17)

2017        Sep 28, French screen goddess Brigitte Bardot was honored in the Riviera resort of St Tropez, where a 2.5-meter (eight-foot) statue of the actress was unveiled on her 83rd birthday.
    (AFP, 9/26/17)

2017        Sep 29, French President Emmanuel Macron said European Union leaders agreed during a summit dinner in Talinn that they should push ahead more quickly with reforms of the bloc. Macron won backing from Angela Merkel for plans to reform the European Union after Brexit.
    (Reuters, 9/29/17)
2017        Sep 29, French automaker Citroen said it is shutting down its car sharing service in Berlin after struggling to compete against rivals BMW and Daimler effective Oct 29.
    (AP, 9/29/17)

2017        Sep 30, French police arrested five people, including one on a terror watchlist, after discovering a suspected home-made bomb in one of Paris's most exclusive neighborhoods.
    (AFP, 10/3/17)

2017        Sep, French archeologists discovered a medieval treasure at the Cluny abbey. The find included more than 2,000 medieval coins and myriad gold objects. The discovery was only made public on Nov. 14.
    (SFC, 11/16/17, p.A2)

2017        Oct 1, In France two women were stabbed to death and their assailant shot dead by soldiers in the southern port city of Marseille in what police sources described as a "likely terrorist act". The man who fatally stabbed the two young women had been arrested and released the day before the attack.
    (Reuters, 10/1/17)(AP, 10/2/17)
2017        Oct 1, Parisians and tourists were encouraged to stroll through the City of Light as officials banned cars from its streets for a day. Only emergency vehicles, buses and taxis were allowed on the streets from 11 a.m. until 6 p.m.
    (AP, 10/1/17)

2017        Oct 3, France's parliament adopted an anti-terrorism bill that will bolster police surveillance powers and make it easier to close mosques suspected of preaching hatred, but rights groups said it would lead to civil freedoms being infringed.
    (Reuters, 10/3/17)

2017        Oct 5, France offered to mediate in a political crisis pitting Iraq's government against Kurdish regional authorities, and promised to maintain a military presence there until Islamic State was defeated.
    (Reuters, 10/5/17)
2017        Oct 5, French writer and actress Anne Wiazemsky (70), who famously wrote a best-selling account of her short marriage to New Wave director Jean-Luc Godard, died of cancer in Paris. She made her screen debut as an elfin 19-year-old in "Au Hasard Balthazar", Robert Bresson's classic 1966 film about a mistreated Christ-like donkey.
    (AFP, 10/5/17)

2017        Oct 6, A British border guard was one of 12 people arrested in France and Britain as part of an operation against arms and drugs smuggling across the English Channel.
    (Reuters, 10/9/17)

2017        Oct 7, In Italy Anis Hanachi (25) was arrested on an international warrant issued by France while riding a bicycle in the center of the northern city of Ferrara. He is believed responsible for radicalizing his elder brother Ahmed Hanachi, who stabbed two women to death on Oct 1 in Marseille.
    (AP, 10/9/17)

2017        Oct 9, French farmers trucked hundreds of sheep into a central square in Lyon in protest against the government's protection of wolves, which they blame for livestock deaths and heavy financial losses. The president of the National Sheep Federation, said wolves were costing livestock producers 26 million euros a year compared with 1.5 million euros in 2004.
    (Reuters, 10/9/17)

2017        Oct 10, In France more than 100,000 public sector workers angered by Pres. Emmanuel Macron's plans to freeze their pay and eliminate jobs went on strike, amplifying opposition to the president's cost-cutting, pro-business agenda.
    (AFP, 10/10/17)
2017        Oct 10, Vietnam's flag carrier and Air France signed an agreement to deepen their cooperation to tap the growing travel market between Vietnam and Europe.
    (AP, 10/10/17)

2017        Oct 11, A Paris judge handed down jail terms of up to seven years to protesters who attacked and torched a police car with two officers inside. Swiss national Joachim Landwehr, who is on the run and was tried in absentia, was sentenced to seven years for throwing a smoke bomb into the car during the attack in May 2016. Six others were also convicted for their part in the attack.
    (AFP, 10/11/17)

2017        Oct 12, French President Emmanuel Macron launched round two of his ambitious domestic reform program. This included major changes to the generous unemployment benefits system, as well as large increases in state-funded training aimed at helping the unemployed back into the workplace.
    (AFP, 10/12/17)
2017        Oct 12, In France eight Greenpeace activists broke into a nuclear power station and set off fireworks to urge better protection for nuclear waste and protest France's dependence on atomic energy.
    (AP, 10/12/17)

2017        Oct 18, The French parliament adopted a controversial anti-terror bill that gives the authorities permanent new powers to search homes, shut places of worship and restrict freedom of movement.
    (AFP, 10/18/17)

2017        Oct 24, In France Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi met with President Emmanuel Macron as part of a three-day visit focusing on economic cooperation and the fight against extremism.
    (AP, 10/24/17)

2017        Oct 26, Paris city hall called an ad linking students with rich men and women "shameful," and said officials will work with police to remove it from the city.
    (AP, 10/26/17)

2017        Oct 27, A French court handed Teodoro Nguema Obiang Mangue (48), the son of Equatorial Guinea's president, a suspended sentence of three years in prison for embezzling millions in public money, in the first of several planned trials in France of foreign figures allegedly thriving on ill-gotten gains.
    (AP, 10/27/17)

2017        Oct 29, French police detained Francois Compaore, the younger brother of former Burkina Faso president Blaise Compaore, at Charles de Gaulle airport on an int’l arrest warrant related to the 1998 murder of Norbert Zongo, who published Burkina Faso's Independent newspaper. Francois Compaore was released the next day.
    (Reuters, 10/30/17)

2017        Oct 30, French President Emmanuel Macron formally signed a sweeping counterterrorism law that replaces a two-year-old state of emergency and is meant to give police more tools to fight violent extremism.
    (AP, 10/30/17)
2017        Oct 30, Swiss pharmaceutical giant Novartis said it has offered to buy Advanced Accelerator Applications of France for $3.9 billion, to bolster its portfolio of cancer treatments.
    (SFC, 10/31/17, p.D2)

2017        Nov 1, France officially ended a two-year state of emergency, replacing it with the introduction of a new security law which critics say undermines civil liberties.
    (Reuters, 11/1/17)

2017        Nov 6, In France Eric Vuillard's "L'Ordre du Jour," or "The Agenda," was awarded the Goncourt Prize in a Paris cafe, part of a long-running tradition. The novel portrays the Nazis as the product of big business interests — including businesses that remain major industrial players today.
    (AP, 11/6/17)

2017        Nov 8, France's National Assembly lifted the immunity from prosecution of far-right leader Marine Le Pen for tweeting pictures of Islamic State group atrocities.
    (AP, 11/8/17)
2017        Nov 8, French President Emmanuel Macron joined Arab leaders to inaugurate the new Louvre Abu Dhabi.
    (AP, 11/8/17)

2017        Nov 9, President Emmanuel Macron said France has sold two Gowind-class corvettes of state-owned shipbuilder Naval Group to the United Arab Emirates.
    (Reuters, 11/9/17)
2017        Nov 9, A report by France's nuclear safety agency said an apparent accident at a Russian facility is suspected of causing a recent spike in radioactivity in the air over much of Europe. It said the release of the isotope Ruthenium-106 posed no health or environmental risks to European countries. The Ruthenium appeared to come from an accident in late September involving nuclear fuel or the production of radioactive material.
    (AP, 11/10/17)

2017        Nov 10, In France Remi Muzeau, the mayor of Paris suburb Clichy-la-Garenne, led more than 100 demonstrators in a show of force to dissuade Muslims from praying on the town's market square.
    (AP, 11/10/17)
2017        Nov 10, UNESCO member states overwhelmingly approved the nomination of France's former culture minister Audrey Azoulay to head the embattled cultural agency.
    (AFP, 11/10/17)

2017        Nov 14, French prosecutors said HSBC Private Bank, a Swiss unit of banking giant HSBC, has agreed to pay 300 million euros ($352 million) to avoid going to trial in France for enabling tax fraud.
    (AFP, 11/14/17)
2017        Nov 14, Airbnb said hosts in central Paris can now only rent out their homes for up to 120 nights a year, a new cap introduced to comply with city regulations.
    (AP, 11/14/17)

2017        Nov 16, France said Lebanese PM Saad Hariri has accepted an invitation to come to France after his surprise resignation from Saudi Arabia nearly two weeks ago that stunned Lebanon and rattled the region.
    (AP, 11/16/17)
2017        Nov 16, Alice Zeniter (31) won the Students' Goncourt prize, France's most lucrative book prize for her novel "The Art of Losing," a powerful account of what happened to an Algerian "harki" family who sided with the French during the country's war of independence.
    (AP, 11/16/17)

2017        Nov 17, Paris region authorities said 1,142 clients of prostitutes have been fined in the French capital since a law that bans buying sex entered into effect in April 2016.
    (AP, 11/17/17)

2017        Nov 18, In France a police officer (31) shot three people dead before turning his gun on himself, in a killing spree sparked by a row with his girlfriend in Sarcelles.
    (AFP, 11/19/17)
2017        Nov 18, In France Saad al-Hariri arrived in Paris, where he met French President Emmanuel Macron. Hariri has said he will return to Lebanon by Nov. 22 for its Independence Day celebrations.
    (Reuters, 11/19/17)
2017        Nov 18, French-Tunisian fashion designer Azzedine Alaia (b.1935) died in Paris after winning a worldwide following.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Azzedine_Ala%C3%AFa)(SSFC, 11/19/17, p.C10)

2017        Nov 19, French authorities said they will stop Muslims from praying in a street north of Paris, after a series of protests by lawmakers and locals over what they view as an unacceptable use of public space.
    (AFP, 11/19/17)

2017        Nov 20, French police arrested Suleiman Kerimov (51), a Russian businessman and lawmaker, at Nice airport in connection with a French tax evasion case. Kerimov built his multi-billion natural resources business through a combination of debt, an appetite for risk, and political connections.
    (Reuters, 11/22/17)

2017        Nov 21, French truck drivers blocked traffic at border crossings with Spain, Italy and Belgium in protest over cut-price competition in the road-freight industry. French truckers faced being priced out by drivers from other EU member states, who are willing to do fixed-term work for lower pay than French drivers might normally receive.
    (Reuters, 11/21/17)

2017        Nov 22, French far-right leader Marine Le Pen accused two banks of launching a "banking fatwa" to silence her National Front party by closing bank accounts of hers and her party's.
    (Reuters, 11/22/17)

2017        Nov 23, France-based Interpol said 40 suspected human traffickers have been arrested and nearly 500 of their victims freed in a vast police operation in five African countries.  The operation earlier this month was carried out in Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger and Senegal.
    (AP, 11/24/17)

2017        Nov 24, A French court halted sales of two pesticides made by US chemicals giant Dow after an environmental group raised fears that the substances could be harmful to bees.
    (AFP, 11/24/17)

2017        Nov 25, France’s President Emmanuel Macron announced an initiative to address violence and harassment against women in France marking the International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women. His plans aimed at erasing the sense of shame that breeds silence among victims and changing what he said is France's sexist culture.
    (AP, 11/25/17)

2017        Nov 27, Teachers at many of France's international schools, a symbol of French soft power around the world, went on strike over planned cuts to budgets and staffing. Paris has 492 schools in 137 foreign countries, catering to some 350,000 students including the children of elite business leaders and diplomats.
    (AFP, 11/27/17)

2017        Nov 28, In Burkina Faso French Pres. Emmanuel Macron kicked off his maiden African tour by vowing to declassify secret French files on Burkina Faso's assassinated leader, Thomas Sankara, hailed as a revolutionary hero in many parts of the continent.
    (AFP, 11/28/17)

2017        Dec 2, French President Emmanuel Macron with Nechirvan Barzani, the prime minister of Iraq's Kurdish region. Macron says France will "do everything" to help preserve Iraq's unity and the recognition of the rights of Iraq's Kurds through new negotiations.
    (AP, 12/2/17)

2017        Dec 4, Ragia Omran, a prominent Egyptian human rights lawyer, was among 15 rights defenders from around the world to receive the Franco-German Prize for Human Rights and the Rule of Law, for her work representing political prisoners and torture victims as well as advocating for women's rights.
    (http://tinyurl.com/y9acyam7)(AP, 12/7/17)

2017        Dec 6, French President Emmanuel Macron made his first official visit to Algeria, announcing that he came as a "friend" despite France's historically prickly relationship with its former colony.
    (AFP, 12/6/17)
2017        Dec 6, French rock star Johnny Hallyday (b.1943) died in Paris. His power ballads and colorful personal life made him a national treasure, loved by everyone from rebellious teens in the 1960s to modern-day presidents.
    (AP, 12/6/17)   

2017        Dec 7, Qatar's ruling emir and French Pres. Emmanuel Macron signed 12 billion euros ($14 billion) in deals during Macron's visit to Doha, including the purchase of 12 French-made Dassault Rafale fighter jets with the option of buying 36 more.
    (AP, 12/7/17)

2017        Dec 8, In Paris Lebanon's PM Saad Hariri appealed for support for his country from world powers at a summit convened by France to bolster Lebanon's institutions as it emerges from a bizarre political crisis.
    (AP, 12/7/17)
2017        Dec 8, In Germany French President Emmanuel Macron was awarded Aachen’s prestigious International Charlemagne Prize for contributions to European unity in recognition of his "vision of a new Europe."
    (AP, 12/7/17)
2017        Dec 8, Britain, France, Germany, Sweden and Italy called on the United States to put forward detailed proposals for peace between Israel and the Palestinians and described as "unhelpful" a decision by President Donald Trump to recognize Jerusalem as Israel's capital.
    (Reuters, 12/8/17)

2017        Dec 9, It was reported that Algerian and French fighters, some arriving from Syria, have joined the ranks of the Islamic State group in northern Afghanistan where the militants have established new bases.
    (AFP, 12/10/17)

2017        Dec 11, French Pres. Emmanuel Macron awarded 18 scientists from the US and elsewhere million of euros to relocate to France for climate research for the rest of Donald Trump’s presidential term.
    (SFC, 12/12/17, p.A3)
2017        Dec 11, French baby milk maker Lactalis and French authorities ordered a global recall of millions of products over fears of salmonella bacteria contamination. The company said it was warned by health authorities in France that 26 infants have become sick since December 1.
    (AP, 12/11/17)

2017        Dec 12, French President Emmanuel Macron told dozens of world leaders and company bosses gathered at a climate summit in Paris that "we are losing the battle" against climate change. Major banks and companies vowed to accelerate the move away from Earth-warming fossil fuels as world leaders met in Paris seeking to unlock new cash for the global economy's shift to greener energy.
    (Reuters, 12/12/17)(AFP, 12/12/17)
2017        Dec 12, It was reported that the owner of Westfield shopping centers is being bought by French property investor Unibail-Rodamco for $15.7 billion. Westfield, which started off in Sydney in the 1950s, is known for its 35 upscale shopping centers in major metropolitan areas, particularly in the US and Britain.
    (AP, 12/12/17)

2017        Dec 13, French President Emmanuel Macron hosted a summit for the leaders of the G5 Sahel (composed of the armies of Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Burkina Faso and Chad) plus Germany and Italy as well as the Saudi and Emirati ministers. Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates committed 130 million euros ($152.75 million) to tackle Islamist militants in the region.
    (Reuters, 12/13/17)
2017        Dec 13, France-based L'Oreal said it is launching its first wholly plant-based hair dye as cosmetics companies look to win over customers who are becoming increasingly wary of chemical ingredients.
    (Reuters, 12/13/17)
2017        Dec 13, Rwanda’s government released an independent report accusing French officials of complicity in Rwanda’s 1994 genocide.
    (SFC, 12/14/17, p.A2)

2017        Dec 14, In southern France a regional train sliced open a school bus, killing four children aged 12 or 13 One more student died the next day. 18 other children and the bus driver were injured in the horrific crash at a crossing close to the Spanish border.
    (AP, 12/15/17)

2017        Dec 17, French sailor Francois Gabart broken the record for sailing around the world alone, circumnavigating the planet in just 42 days and 16 hours. This was more than six days faster than last year’s record, set by fellow Frenchman Thomas Coville.
    (AP, 12/17/17)

2017        Dec 21, French dairy giant Lactalis recalled millions more products globally because of fears of salmonella contamination.
    (AP, 12/21/17)

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