Timeline French Guiana

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French Guiana (French Guyana)

A Dept. of France on the NE coast of South America.
    (WUD, 1994, p.567)

1749        Jean Godin, French geographer, left Peru in an attempt to leave the continent by an eastern route and became stranded in French Guiana for over 20 years. In 2004 Robert Whitaker authored ďThe Mapmakerís Wife: A True Tale of Love, Murder, and Survival in the Amazon." It was an account of Jean Godin (d.1792), French mapmaker, and his Peruvian wife.
    (Econ, 5/15/04, p.81)
1852        France established its penal colony at Devilís Island, French Guiana. It was one of 3 islands called the Iles du Salut (Islands of Salvation). Some 70,000 convicts were sent there until 1946. The penal colony operated until 1951.
    (SSFC, 12/15/02, p.L5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_Guiana)
1895        Jan 5, French Capt. Alfred Dreyfus, convicted of treason, was publicly stripped of his rank. He was ultimately vindicated. Dreyfus, a Jew falsely accused of spying for the Germans, was imprisoned alone on Devilís Island until 1899.
    (AP, 1/5/98)(SSFC, 12/15/02, p.L5)
1899        Sep 19, French Capt. Alfred Dreyfus won a pardon after a retrial was forced by public opinion. He was soon released from Devil's Island in French Guiana.
    (PCh, 1992, p.628)(www.spiritus-temporis.com/alfred-dreyfus/)
1953        Aug 22, France closed the penal colony on Devil's Island.
    (MC, 8/22/02)
1968        Kourou, French Guiana, launched its 1st commercial satellite. A space center opened there in 1970.
    (AP, 8/27/02)
1996        Jun, The 1st Ariana 5 test rocket crashed on launch at Kourou.
    (WSJ, 10/22/98, p.B2)
1996        In the capital of Cayenne high school students demonstrated against French control of the school system.
    (SFEC, 12/1/96, p.T9)
1997        Oct, The 2nd Ariana 5 test rocket was launched at Kourou and experienced a spin problem.
    (WSJ, 10/22/98, p.B2)
1998        Oct 21, The 3rd Ariana 5 test rocket was launched at Kourou. It successfully simulated the launch of a mockup satellite.
    (WSJ, 10/22/98, p.B2)
2003        Sep 27, Europe's first mission to the moon blasted off aboard a European Ariane rocket from French Guiana. The SMART-1 probe made it to within 3,100 miles of the moon on Nov 15, 2004, and proceeded to move into an elliptical orbit. The spacecraft ended its mission Sep 3, 2006, when it crashed into the lunar surface.
    (AP, 9/28/03)(SFC, 11/17/04, p.A3)(SSFC, 9/3/06, p.A5)
2004        Jul 17, An Ariane 5 rocket took off from French Guyana (Guiana) carrying the heaviest commercial telecom satellite ever.
    (WSJ, 7/19/04, p.A1)
2009        May 14, A French rocket carrying the largest space telescope ever was launched into space on a mission that European scientists hope will help unravel the mystery of the universe's creation. The Ariane-5 rocket was loaded with the Herschel space telescope and the Planck spacecraft, carrying a payload of 5.3 tons (4.81 metric tons) when it launched from the city of Kourou near the jungles of French Guiana.
    (AP, 5/15/09)
2010        Jan 10, Voters in French Guiana overwhelmingly rejected a proposal to give local government more autonomy while remaining a part of France. 70% voted "no," with 48% turnout.
    (AP, 1/10/10)
2011        Sep 9, Anglo Dutch Shell announced that it had discovered oil in deep waters around 150 km (90 miles) off the coast of French Guiana following a joint venture drilling project with venture energy partners Total, Tullow and Northpet.
    (AFP, 9/9/11)
2011        Oct 21, A Russian rocket launched the first 2 satellites of the EUís Galileo navigation system from French Guiana, in an ambitious bid to rival the American GPS network.
    (SFC, 10/22/11, p.A2)
2011        Dec 16, A Soyuz rocket carrying six satellites launched from French Guiana in the Russian-built rocket model's second mission this year. It was to first release a French Earth observation satellite, Pleiades 1. Next to come would be four French micro-satellites and a Chilean Earth observation satellite was to be released last.
    (AP, 12/16/11)
2012        May 16, In French Guiana an Ariane 5 rocket successfully launched two Asian telecoms satellites into orbit from the Kourou space center. It placed into orbit two geostationary satellites, the JCSAT-13 for the Japanese SKY Perfect JSAT Corporation, and the VINASAT-2 of the Vietnam Posts and Telecommunications Group.
    (AFP, 5/16/12)
2014        Apr 3, The European Space Agency launched its Sentinel 1A satellite on a Russian Soyuz rocket from French Guiana. It was the first of six satellites for a new system designed to better monitor climate change, environmental disasters and catastrophes like floods, volcanic eruptions and earthquakes.
    (AP, 4/3/14)(SFC, 4/5/14, p.A2)

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