Timeline Grenada

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 St. George is the capital. The Grand Etang National Park rain forest is here.
 (Hem., Nov.'95, p.104)

20 Mil BC    Grenada was formed as an underwater volcano.
    (SSFC, 12/11/05, p.F4)

1498        Columbus sailed by Grenada and named the island Concepcion.

1609        The British attempted to settle Grenada.

1651        As the French attempted to tame Grenada the last 4 dozen native Caribs flung themselves off a cliff at the island’s northern tip.
    (SSFC, 12/11/05, p.F4)

1705        The French began the construction of Fort George on Grenada. It was completed by the British.
    (SSFC, 12/11/05, p.F5)

1779        Jul 4, French fleet occupied Grenada.

1895        On Grenada the 340-foot Sendall Tunnel was built through Fort George Point for horse carriages.
    (SSFC, 12/11/05, p.F4)

1955        Sep 22, Hurricane Janet hit Grenada (British West Indies). 500 people were killed in the Caribbean area. 75% of the nutmeg trees of Grenada were destroyed.
    (PCh, 1992, p.952)(MC, 9/22/01)

1967        Mar 3, Grenada became an associated state of Britain. Full independence came on Feb 7, 1974.

1967-1981    The West Indies Associated State were group of territorial islands in the West Indies in association with the United Kingdom. The original members included Antigua, Dominica, Grenada, St. Kitts-Nevis-Anguilla, St. Lucia, St. Vincent, and adjacent islands. All the member islands became independent except Anguilla.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1623)

1974        Feb 7, The island nation of Grenada won independence from Britain. This included the northern islands of Carriacou and Petite Martinique.
    (SFC, 7/1/97, p.A9)(AP, 2/7/97)(SSFC, 12/11/05, p.F4)

1979        In Grenada the New Jewel Movement of Maurice Bishop overthrew a corrupt government led by Eric Gairy and allied itself with Cuba. Cuba then gave Grenada millions of dollars for the construction of the Point Saline International Airport. US strategists feared the airport would project Cuban air power into South America.
    (SFC, 7/25/98, p.A10)(SSFC, 12/11/05, p.F5)

1983        Oct 19, In Grenada an extremist Marxist faction executed PM Maurice Bishop and 4 Cabinet ministers. 17 men were later convicted of the killings during the coup that prompted a US invasion. Their death sentences were later commuted to life in prison. In 2005 they were allowed to appeal to the London-based Privy Council. In 2009 Bernard Coard and the six others — Dave Bartholomew, Callistus Bernard, Leon Cornwall, Liam James, Ewart Layne and Selwyn Strachan — were released. Ten others convicted in the killings, including Coard's wife, were previously released. The bodies of Bishop and 10 men killed with him had not been found.
    (SFC, 7/25/98, p.A10)(Econ, 10/18/03, p.38)(AP, 6/29/05)(AP, 6/28/06)(AP, 9/5/09)

1983        Oct 21, US Pres. Ronald Reagan sent a ten-ship task force to Grenada.
    (HN, 10/21/98)

1983        Oct 25, Some 1,800 US Marines and Rangers, assisted by 300 soldiers from six Caribbean nations, invaded Grenada at the order of President Reagan, who said the action was needed to protect US citizens there. Protection for the American students at St. George’s Medical School was a pretext for the invasion. 45 Grenadians were killed along with 29 Cubans and 19 Americans. This day later became celebrated as Grenada’s Thanksgiving Day.
    (AP, 10/25/97)(SFC, 7/25/98, p.A10)(SFC, 8/3/98,  p.A8)(HN, 10/25/98)(SFC, 3/12/07, p.B4)

1983        Oct 28, US forces led by Vice Adm. Joseph Metcalf III took control of Grenada 3 days after invading the island. Deputy PM Bernard Coard, leader of the rebellion, was captured. The fighting left 19 Americans dead along with 45 Grenadans.
    (SFC, 3/12/07, p.B4)

1984        In Grenada after a gradual withdrawal of peacekeeping forces, a centrist coalition led by Herbert A. Blaize won a parliamentary majority.

1995        In Grenada the New National Party (NNP), led by Keith C. Mitchell, won a majority in the parliamentary elections. He won reelection again in 1999 and 2003.

1997        Jun 18, It was reported that Japan was paying 5 Caribbean nations extensive aid and investment in order to gain support to block protections for endangered species. Grenada, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Vincent, St. Lucia and Dominica were all reported to have been bribed.
    (SFC, 6/18/97, p.A8)

1998        Aug 2, Fidel Castro visited Grenada following an invitation from Prime Minister Keith Mitchell.
    (SFC, 7/25/98, p.A10)(SFC, 8/3/98,  p.A8)

1999        Jan 18, Keith Mitchell's New National party won all 15 parliamentary seats. His government had collapsed 7 weeks previous under allegations of corruption.
    (SFC, 1/20/99, p.A10)

2002        Aug 8, Ralph Bhola (80), who served as Grenada's acting prime minister in the 1960s and played a key role in the Caribbean country's development, died after a lengthy illness.
    (AP, 8/9/02)

2003         May 13, George Louison, a leftist who helped overthrow Grenada's government in 1979, died of a heart attack in Trinidad.
    (AP, 5/14/03)

2003        Nov 27, In Grenada a record 64 candidates from six parties, including 2 independents, competed for the chamber's 15 seats. PM Keith Mitchell's governing New National Party won parliamentary balloting by a slim margin.
    (AP, 11/27/03)

2004        Sep 8, Hurricane Ivan made a direct hit on Grenada, killing at least three people. The most powerful storm to hit the Caribbean in 10 years also damaged homes in Barbados, St. Lucia and St. Vincent, just days after Hurricane Frances rampaged through.
    (AP, 9/8/04)

2004        Sep 9, Hurricane Ivan grew into the deadliest of storms overnight, packing winds of 160 mph as it made a beeline for Jamaica after pummeling Grenada, Barbados and other islands, causing at least 20 deaths. Police in Grenada battled looters.
    (AP, 9/9/04)(WSJ, 9/9/04, p.A1)(WSJ, 9/10/04, p.A1)

2004        Sep 12, Hurricane Ivan skirted Grand Cayman with winds near 155 mph as it churned toward Cuba. The storm has been blamed for 56 deaths across the Caribbean so far, including 34 in Grenada and 11 in Jamaica.
    (AP, 9/12/04)

2004        Sep 13, In Grenada at least 39 people were killed from Hurricane Ivan. Roughly 90 percent of the country's homes were damaged or destroyed. The country's nutmeg industry was severely damaged. The airport was damaged but soon reopened for some commercial flights.
    (AP, 9/14/04)

2004        Oct 15, Former President Jimmy Carter urged the US and other international lenders to forgive part of Grenada's debt, saying the Caribbean country needs the money to recover from the devastation of Hurricane Ivan.
    (AP, 10/15/04)

2005        Jan 27, Taiwan formally severed ties with Grenada after accusing the tiny Caribbean island of trying to exploit the rivalry between China and Taiwan to get more financial aid.
    (AP, 1/27/05)

2005        Feb 28, In Grenada Alister Hughes (86), respected journalists known for his coverage of Grenada's political woes and the US invasion in 1983, died of a stroke.
    (AP, 3/2/05)

2005        Jul 15, Hurricane Emily blew over Grenada and gathered force in the eastern Caribbean with winds of 135 mph. At least one person was killed.
    (AP, 7/15/05)

2005        Jul 18, In a program to be screened on ABC TV, the fisheries chief of the Solomon Islands in the South Pacific says Japan poured money into the country in exchange for its support over whaling and cheap access to tuna. Similar charges were made by former officials from the tiny Caribbean nations of Dominica and Grenada.
    (AP, 7/18/05)

2005        Sep 6, Nine countries: Antigua, Belize, Grenada, Guyana, Dominica, Suriname, St. Kitts, St. Vincent and the Dominican Republic, signed oil deals with Venezuela in Jamaica. Cuba and Jamaica had previously signed. Chavez urged Caribbean governments to consider Cuba-style socialism as an alternative to capitalism.
    (AP, 9/11/05)

2008        Jul 8, Tillman Thomas, former political detainee, returned his party to power in Grenada after 13 years in opposition. The apparent win by the National Democratic Congress was a stunning setback for PM Keith Mitchell's conservative New National Party, which was seeking an unprecedented 4th consecutive term in legislative elections.
    (AP, 7/9/08)

2008        Jul 9, In Grenada Tillman Thomas, former political detainee, was sworn in as the new prime minister.
    (AP, 7/9/08)

2009        Sep 9, Grenada’s PM Tillman Thomas said Grenada has sold some 100 Venezuelan-built houses at a deep discount to people left homeless by Hurricane Ivan in 2004. Venezuela financed the construction of 120 homes. They were finished three years ago, but electrical inspections delayed their sale. Valued at $92,000 each, the structures were sold for only $2,000, to help cover the cost of the land title transfer. The government selected mostly single mothers who were renting or living with relatives. The unsold structures were planned to be used as shelters for victims of domestic violence and sexual abuse.
    (AP, 9/9/09)

2010        May 3, In Grenada Steve Gorrie (36) walked into a precinct station with two severed human heads in a bucket and presented his haul to horrified police. Police later found two hacked-up, headless bodies in a rural field, including the owner of a local tavern.
    (AP, 5/4/10)(AP, 5/7/10)

2010        Aug 25, In Grenada businessman Michael Raeburn-Delfish was reported missing. His severed head and limbs were found in three shallow pits on Sep 5, 2010. Suspect Ronald Michael Phillip (55), had been deported in 2000 from the United States to Granada the day after leaving a state prison in Uncasville, Connecticut, where he had spent more than six years. Phillip had been arrested in December 1993 on assault and drug charges.
    (www.grenadabroadcast.com/content/view/9046/1/)(AP, 9/25/10)

2011        May 25, Grenada's director of public prosecution said a 41-year-old man was charged with having sex with an unidentified 17-year-old man. The Caribbean island had a law against homosexual acts on the books but was rarely enforced. A 2010 United Nations report said the penalty on most Caribbean islands, including Grenada, is up to 10 years in prison, although Barbados and Guyana have life imprisonment.
    (AP, 5/25/11)

2011        Dec 26, In Grenada Oscar Bartholomew (39) of Toronto, was beaten into a coma after he mistook a plainclothes female police officer for a friend and lifted her for a hug in front of a police station. Bartholomew was visiting family on the island and died the next day. Officers Kenton Hazzard and Wendell Sylvester were detained on Dec 29. On Jan 1, 2012, police officers Edward Gibson, Shaun Ganness and Ruddy Felix were also arrested and charged in the beating death.
    (AP, 1/1/12)

2013        Mar, The government of Grenada defaulted on its dollar bonds.
    (Econ, 11/9/13, p.78)

2013        Jun 28, Legislators in Grenada approved a bill that makes it a crime to offend people through websites such as Facebook and Twitter.
    (AP, 6/29/13)

2013        The population of Grenada was about 100,000.
    (Econ, 11/9/13, p.78)

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