Timeline of Guam

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One of the Marianas, a group of 15 islands in the Pacific, E. of the Philippines formerly mandated to Japan and now under US  trusteeship. Saipan is part of the Marianas. Guam is just 30 miles long.
    (WUD, 1994, p.876, 1261)(AP, 2/13/13)       
The commonwealth is exempt from American labor, immigration and customs laws.
    (SFC, 8/10/99, p.A3)
1500BC    In Guam the pre-latte period dates to about this time when the first wave of migration is believed to have taken place. Between 2006 and 2008, excavations at the Naton Beach site turned up more than 400 burials from the pre-latte and latte periods of prehistoric Guam.
    (AP, 9/13/15)

950        Guam’s latte period refers to the time when lattes were first introduced about this time and continued up to the arrival of Ferdinand Magellan in 1521. Latte stones consist of a pillar capped by a hemispherical stone capital.
    (AP, 9/13/15)(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Latte_stone)

1521        March 6, Magellan made landfall at the island of Guam in the Marianas.
    (HN, 3/6/98)(V.D.-H.K.p.177-178)

1668        The Spaniards established a permanent settlement on Guam. They forced the Chamorros to convert to Catholicism. Under Spanish rule the Chamorro numbers were reduced to some 2,000.
    (SFEC, 3/7/99,Z1 p.4)

1672        Apr 2, Pedro Calungsod (b.1654), a Filipino teenager, was killed in Tumon, Guam, along with Diego Luis de San Vitores, his Jesuit missionary priest, by natives resisting their conversion efforts. In 2012 Pedro was named a saint in the Catholic church.
    (AP, 10/20/12)( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pedro_Calungsod)

1720        The Spanish quashed Chamorro resistance and forcibly evacuated to Guam all Chamorros on Saipan and the other Northern Marianas.
    (SFEC, 3/7/99, Z1 p.4)

1810        A typhoon devastated the Caroline Islands, 500 miles south of the Marianas. The survivors sailed to Guam but only half survived. Spanish authorities sent the Carolinians to Saipan and Tinian to manage the Spanish cattle herds.
    (SFEC, 3/7/99, Z1 p.4)

1880s        The Spanish began to allow the Chamorros to return from Guam to the Northern Marianas. Successive Spanish, German, Japanese and American rulers favored the Chamorros over the traditionalist semi-nude Carolinians.
    (SFEC, 3/7/99, Z1 p.4)

1898        Jun 20, During the Spanish-American War on the way to the Philippines to fight the Spanish, the U.S. Navy cruiser Charleston seized the island of Guam.
    (AP, 6/20/98)(HN, 6/20/98)

1898        Jun 21, Guam became a US territory. [see Jun 20, Jul 21]
    (MC, 6/21/02)

1898        Aug 12, Fighting in the Spanish-American War came to an end. The peace protocol ending the Spanish-American War was signed Dec 10 after three months and 22 days of hostilities. 460 US soldiers died in battle. The US paid Spain $20 million to vacate Cuba, Guam, Puerto Rico and the Philippines. Over the next 3 years US casualties in the Philippines war totaled over 4,000.
    (AP, 8/12/97)(WSJ, 2/23/98, p.A20)(HN, 8/12/00)(SSFC, 3/30/03, p.D1)(WSJ, 7/2/03, p.B1)

1898        Dec 10, The United States and Spain signed the Treaty of Paris, ending the Spanish-American War. This ceded Puerto Rico, the Philippines and Guam to the United States. The US Senate ratified the treaty February 6, 1899. The US military governed Puerto Rico from October 1898 until May 1900, when the US Congress instituted a civil government. The civil government underwent many changes until a Constitutional Assembly formed in 1950 and established a Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, which was proclaimed on July 25, 1952. [see Aug 12]
    (AP, 12/10/97)(HN, 12/10/98)(HNQ, 7/28/01)

1898        Guam became a US naval base after the Spanish-American War.
    (WSJ, 2/20/97, p.A20)

1903        Jul 3, The first cable across the Pacific Ocean was spliced between Honolulu, Midway, Guam and Manila. [see Jul 4]
    (HN, 7/3/98)

1903        Jul 4, Pacific Cable (SF, Hawaii, Guam, Philippines) opened, and Pres. Teddy Roosevelt sent a message. [see Jul 3]
    (Maggio, 98)

1941        Dec 10, Japanese troops invaded the Filipino island of Luzon and overran Guam.
    (WUD, 1944, p.1683)(HN, 12/10/98)(MC, 12/10/01)

1941        Dec 18, Defended by 610 fighting men, the American-held island of Guam fell to more than 5,000 Japanese invaders in a three-hour battle.
    (HN, 12/18/98)

1944        Feb 25, U.S. forces destroyed 135 planes in Marianas and Guam.
    (HN, 2/25/98)

1944        Jun 11, U.C. carrier-based planes attacked Japanese airfields on Guam, Rota, Saipan and Tinian islands, preparing for the invasion of Saipan.
    (HN, 6/11/99)

1944        Jul 20, US invaded Japanese occupied Guam. Japanese aircraft carrier Hijo was sunk by US air attack.
    (MC, 7/20/02)

1944        Jul 21, US Army and Marine forces landed on Guam in the Marianas during WW II.
    (AP, 7/21/97)(HN, 7/21/98)

1944        Jul 26, There was a Japanese suicide attack on US lines in Guam.
    (MC, 7/26/02)

1944        Jul 27, U.S. troops completed the liberation of Guam.
    (HN, 7/27/98)

1944        Aug 8, On the island of Guam US Marine Corps patrols from the 21st Regiment discovered 45 bodies of young Chamorro men in Chagui'an, beheaded and with their hands tied behind their backs. The site of the massacre was later disputed as the Guam Preservation Trust moved to put the Chagui'an Massacre site in Yigo into the National Register of Historic Places.
    (AP, 4/4/15)

1944        Aug 10, During World War II, American forces overcame Japanese resistance on Guam.
    (AP, 8/10/97)

1944        The Japanese forced the indigenous people into slave labor.
    (SFEC, 3/7/99,Z1 p.4)

c1946        The brown tree snake, Boiga irregularis, arrived on Guam shortly after WW II and began to feed on the native bird population. By 1998 an estimated 9 of 11 native birds were eliminated.
    (SFC, 7/25/98, p.A8)(WSJ, 7/1/99, p.B1)

1947-1978    The US governed the Northern Marianas Islands as a UN Trust Territory. The natives largely abandoned fishing and Spam and Budweiser became staples.
    (SFEC, 3/7/99,Z1 p.4)

1949        Pres. Truman appointed Carlton Skinner (d.2004) as the 1st civilian governor of Guam. Skinner established the island‘s 1st university and wrote a constitution.
    (SSFC, 8/29/04, p.B7)

1969        Jul 25, The Nixon Doctrine was put forth in a press conference in Guam. He stated that the US henceforth expected its Asian allies to take care of their own military defense.
    (Internet)

1970s        In the late 70s Washington signed a covenant whereby Saipan became the capital of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. The 34,000 permanent residents became US citizens but could not in US presidential elections. The CNMI was allowed to set its own tax, immigration and labor policies.
    (WSJ, 2/20/97, p.A20)

1972        Jan 24,  In Guam Shoichi Yokoi (d.1997 at 82), a WWII Japanese soldier, was found by hunters near the Talofofo River. He had survived since 1944 in adherence to his army code of never surrendering. Yokoi returned to Japan as a national hero: "It is with much embarrassment that I return."
    (SFC, 9/23/97, p.A19)(http://ns.gov.gu/scrollapplet/sergeant.html)

1975        In local elections 78.8% of the residents approved a covenant under which the Northern Marianas would become a US Commonwealth.
    (SFEC, 3/7/99,Z1 p.4)

1990        Guam passed a law that prohibited nearly all abortion procedures. In 1992 The U.S. Supreme Court sustained women's basic right to abortion, voting 6-3 against reviving the Guam law.
    (AP, 11/30/97)

1994        Guam began to use Jack Russell terriers to check outgoing cargo for brown tree snakes.
    (SFC, 7/25/98, p.A8)

1995        May, A Kmart store opened on Guam.
    (WSJ, 7/12/99, p.A17)

1997        Jun 10, It was reported that Gov. Froilan Tenorio and Rep. Heinz Hofschneider had proposed a Parental Choice Scholarship Program that would be implemented in the fall. Every student would get a $1500 scholarship for the school of their choice.
    (WSJ, 6/10/97, p.A16)

1997        Aug 6, Korean Air Flight 801 from Seoul, a Boeing 747-300 jumbo jet, crashed into a hillside a short distance from Guam’s Agana International Airport killing 228 with 26 survivors. A programming glitch in the ground radar system was later identified as a contributing factor but not the cause.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Korean_Air_Flight_801)(WSJ, 4/8/99, p.A1)(AP, 8/6/98)(WSJ, 11/13/01, p.A14)

1999        Dec 12, On Guam a referendum was scheduled to choose independence, US statehood or free association status.
    (SFC, 11/24/98, p.A14)

1999        On Guam a new strategy to control the brown tree snakes used aspirin, toxic to the snakes, inserted into frozen baby mice.
    (WSJ, 7/1/99, p.B1)

2001        Mar 23, It was reported that 22 Guam teenagers had committed suicide over the past 26 months. Members of a secretive club called Prestigious Angels promised to kill themselves if their friends would follow.
    (SFC, 3/23/01, p.D6)

2002        Dec 8, Typhoon Pongsona hit Guam with wind gusts of more than 180 mph. The U.S. territory was declared a federal disaster area.
    (AP, 12/11/02)

2003        Aug 8, A US federal judge ruled that some 264,000 square miles of submerged lands in the Northern Mariana Islands, a US commonwealth, belong to the United States.
    (AP, 8/8/03)

2004        Mar 31, Air America Radio went live in 3 of largest US markets with a left-leaning, round-the-clock, talk format featuring Al Franken and Janeane Garofalo. Air America was conceived by Anita and Sheldon Drobny of Chicago. The idea was purchased by Guam entrepreneurs Evan M. Cohen and Rex Sorensen, who resigned May 5.
     (SFC, 3/31/04, p.C1)(WSJ, 6/21/04, p.A1)

2004        Jul 20, Former Guam Gov. Carl Gutierrez (1995-2003) was acquitted on charges he used government workers and public money to build and improve his cliffside ranch.
    (AP, 7/21/04)

2005        Jan 7, The nuclear submarine USS San Francisco ran aground 350 miles off the Pacific Ocean territory of Guam, injuring about 20 crew members. One died the next day.
    (AP, 1/8/05)(AP, 1/9/05)

2005        Feb 15, The Guam-based Citizens Security Bank (CSB) ended credit card and other services to the Bank of Marshall Islands. Residents of the Marshall Islands will be unable to use their credit cards after the central Pacific nation's leading bank was cut off from a US partner by the anti-terrorist Patriot Act.
    (AFP, 2/10/05)

2005        Guam’s population was about 170,000.
    (SSFC, 10/2/05, p.C3)

2006        Jun 20, One of the largest US military exercises in decades got underway off Guam island in the western Pacific.
    (AP, 6/20/06)

2008        Feb 23, A B-2 stealth bomber crashed on take-off from the Pacific island of Guam, the first such incident involving the futuristic craft. Both pilots on board ejected safely as the 1.2-billion-dollar radar-evading plane went down at Andersen airbase.
    (AFP, 2/23/08)

2008        May 4, Democrat Barack Obama beat rival Hillary Clinton by just 7 votes in Guam's nominating contest after record numbers of residents voted in the tiny US territory's primary.
    (AP, 5/4/08)

2008        Jul 21, A US B-52 bomber that was due to fly in a Liberation Day parade in the US territory of Guam crashed into the Pacific Ocean soon after take-off. All of the bomber's six-man crew were killed.
    (AFP, 7/21/08)(AP, 7/23/08)

2009        Feb 17, In Japan US Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton warned North Korea against following through on a threatened missile launch, saying it would damage its prospects for improved relations with the United States and the world. Clinton also signed an agreement with Japan that will move 8,000 Marines off the southern Japanese island of Okinawa to the US territory of Guam.
    (AP, 2/17/09)

2011        Japanese accounted for 73 percent of the 1.1 million visitors to Guam in this fiscal year.
    (AP, 2/12/13)

2013        Feb 12, In Guam a man drove a Toyota Yaris onto a sidewalk striking seven tourists at an upscale shopping area fronting the Outrigger Guam Resort in Tumon Bay. Chad Ryan DeSoto (21) of Tamuning was charged with two counts of murder, 13 counts of attempted murder and 13 counts of aggravated assault. One of the wounded died the next day.
    (AP, 2/12/13)(AP, 2/14/13)

2013        Feb 22, American scientists prepared to drop dead mice laced with painkillers on Guam's jungle canopy as a prescription for the brown tree snake, a headache that has caused Guam misery for more than 60 years.
    (AP, 2/22/13)

2013        Apr 3, The United States said it will soon send a missile defense system to Guam to defend it from North Korea, as the US military adjusts to what US Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel described as a "real and clear danger" from Pyongyang.
    (Reuters, 4/3/13)

2013        The population of Guam was about 180,000.
    (AP, 2/13/13)

2014        Nov 6,  A Guam jury convicted three people of mailing drugs from Las Vegas to Guam. Nine other defendants signed plea deals in the case.
    (AP, 11/6/14)

2015        Jan 28, A Guam attorney agreed to drop his legal challenge to a voter-approved medical marijuana initiative. Howard Trapp had filed a federal lawsuit against the Guam Election Commission in late October to prevent it from certifying the results of the November medical marijuana vote.
    (AP, 2/2/15)

2015        Apr 15, Guam’s attorney general directed officials to immediately begin processing same-sex marriage applications.
    (SFC, 4/16/15, p.A7)

2015        Jun 5, Guam Gov. Eddie Calvo said marriage license applications from same-sex couples will be accepted after a federal judge's decision made the island the first US territory to recognize gay marriage. The decision goes into effect at 8 a.m. on June 9, when gay couples can begin applying for marriage licenses.
    (AP, 6/5/15)

2015        Jul 12, Guam's war against the coconut rhinoceros beetles, which have ravaged many coconut trees, was reported to have become more challenging as the beetles seemed to have developed an immunity to the Oryctes nudivrus, which has been used to kill the beetles.
    (AP, 7/12/15)   

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