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Timeline Guatemala

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Guatemala is about the size of Ohio. It has three climates: tierra caliente, tierra fria, and tierra templada.
 (NG, 6/1988, p.783)(SFC, 11/28/03, p.C2)
 The word Guatemala is a Spanish corruption of the Mayan word Quauhlemallan meaning land of many trees.
 (SFEM, 6/13/99, p.8)
 Native groups include the Cakchiquel, Quiche of the highlands and the Tzotzil of Zinacantan.
 (SFC, 5/27/97, p.A12)(AM, 7/97, p.52)

1600BC-1250BC    An earthen mound on the southern Mexico-Guatemala border dated to this period and was considered part of a chiefdom center of the Mokaya people.
    (Arch, 1/06, p.43)

1200BC    The tradition of the Mokaya people at coastal Chiapas and Guatemala came to a sudden end about this time. This appeared to coincide with the rise of the Olmec people.
    (Arch, 1/06, p.43)

1000BC    The settlement at Canton Corralito on the southern Mexico-Guatemala border covered at least 60 acres by this time and was believed to be a colony of the Gulf Olmec people. About this time the nearby Coatan River began to rise and engulfed the settlement.
    (Arch, 1/06, p.44)

800BC        In Guatemala some structures at San Bartolo dated to about this time.
    (AM, 7/05, p.51)(http://sanbartolo.org/research.htm)

c800BC-200CE     The Mayan city of Takalik Abaj, in later day Guatemala, served as one of the most important economic and cultural centers of pre-Columbian times.
    (NG, May, 04, p.70)

500BC-300BC        Cival, about 25 miles east of the much better known city of Tikal, was discovered in 1984. It was abandoned about 100 CE. Artifacts at the site dated to this time.
    (LAT, 5/5/04)

250BC-150BC        The Mayan site at El Mirador flourished during this period. In the 1980s archeologist Richard Hansen found Mayan carvings at El Mirador, Guatemala, that were sculpted well before Christ.
    (WSJ, 11/12/05, p.A1)(www.mostlymaya.com/el_mirador.html)

300BC-200BC        In 2006 archaeologists at the San Bartolo site in Guatemala dated Mayan hieroglyphs painted on plaster and stone to this period.
    (Reuters, 1/5/06)

c150BC    Cival was a large and sophisticated Mayan city of some 10,000 people.
    (USAT, 5/11/04, p.7D)
150BC        In 2005 archaeologists at the San Bartolo site in Guatemala led by Guatemalan Monica Pellecer Alecio found the oldest known Maya royal burial, from around 150 BC. Excavating beneath a small pyramid, that team found a burial complex that included ceramic vessels and the bones of a man, with a jade plaque, the symbol of Maya royalty, on his chest.
    (AP, 12/14/05)

100BC        In 2005 archaeologist William Saturno said he was awe-struck when he uncovered a Maya mural not seen for nearly two millennia. Discovered at the San Bartolo site in Guatemala, the mural covers the west wall of a room attached to a pyramid.
    (AP, 12/14/05)
   
100-1BC    The painted cave of Naj Tunich in the Peten of Guatemala began attracting pilgrims.
    (AM, 7/97, p.52)

c100CE    A mural was painted about this time at the Mayan ceremonial site of San Bartolo (Guatemala). It was uncovered by archeologist William Saturno of the Univ. of New Hampshire in 2001.
    (SFC, 3/13/02, p.A4)(USAT, 1/16/04, p.10A)

c250-900    During this time about a hundred thousand Mayans lived in the area of Tikal (meaning "the place where spirit voices are heard"). It was abandoned after some 15 hundred years of continuous habitation.
    (SFEM, 6/13/99, p.8)

250-900    The classic period of Maya culture.
    (SFC, 6/23/96, p.A10)

300        The city of Cancuen was already established by this time. Ruins of the city were discovered in 1999.
    (SFC, 9/9/00, p.A2)

378        Tikal saw the establishment of a new line of kings following its military victory over many cities of the Maya Lowlands. The 1st king was Nuun Yax Ain (Green Crocodile) and he claimed descent from a Teotihuacan lord that scholars later dubbed Spear-thrower Owl.
    (Arch, 9/00, p.27)

562        Tikal in Guatemala was conquered possibly by the Mayans of Calakmul city in Mexico. Calakmul is one of the largest of Mayan cities with more than 6,000 structures. It was the capital of a widespread hegemony of Lowland Maya kingdoms during the Late Classic (600-900).
    (AM, May/Jun 97 suppl. p.G)(Arch, 9/00, p.27)

600-700    Lady K'abel, considered the greatest ruler of the Mayan Late Classic period, ruled with her husband, K'inich Bahlam, for at least 20 years in the 7th century. She was the military governor of the Waka kingdom for her family, the imperial house of the Snake King, and she carried the title "Kaloomte" — translated as "Supreme Warrior," higher in authority than her husband, the king. In 2012 her tomb was discovered in northern Guatemala.
    (AP, 10/4/12)

682-721    Ah Cacaw (Lord of Cocoa) ruled over Tikal during this period. His burial tomb was later found deep inside the 145-foot height Temple of the Great Jaguar.
    (SFEM, 6/13/99, p.8)

740        Tah ak Chaan began a 50 year rule over the city of Cancuen in what later became Guatemala.
    (SFC, 9/9/00, p.A2)

765-790    The Mayan palace of Cancuen, one of the largest in Guatemala, was built by King Taj Chan Ahk.
    (AP, 4/23/04)

795        Taj Chan Ahk, the Mayan ruler of Cancuen (Guatemala), died.
    (SFC, 11/17/05, p.A17)

796        A 600-pound limestone altar was carved to honor a treaty in the Mayan city of Cancuen (Guatemala). It was uncovered in 2001 and soon stolen. It was retrieved in 2003.
    (USAT, 10/30/03, p.12D)(SFC, 10/30/03, p.A11)

800        About this time unidentified conquerors destroyed the Mayan palace at Cancuen (Guatemala) and killed the members of the court. Archeologists in 2005 reported that King Maax, son of Taj Chan Ahk, was found buried in full regalia.
    (SFC, 11/17/05, p.A17)

800-900    The Mayan site of Xultun (Guatemala) dated to about this time. It was discovered in 1912. In 2010 paintings were discovered at the site dating to this period. Figures were captioned as "Older Brother Obsidian," or "Senior Obsidian," and "Younger Brother Obsidian," or perhaps "Junior Obsidian."
    (www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-18018343)

1200-1330    A Mayan city in Peten state, the “El Pajaral” site, dated to the post-classic period of this time. The ruins were found in 2000.
    (SFC, 5/15/00, p.A13)

1522        Guatemala was conquered by Spanish armies.
    (TL-MB, p.12)   

1524        Pedro de Alvarado, a lieutenant of Cortez, marched into the Guatemalan highlands. He played the local Indian tribes against one another and won a major battle fought at a river in western Guatemala against warriors of the Quiche tribe led by Tecun Uman.
    (NG, 6/1988, p.790)

1541        A volcano crater filled with water cracked and a mud slide engulfed the capital town of Ciudad Vieja. Over 1,000 people were buried. The volcano was named Agua from that point on.
    (SFEC, 1/10/99, Z1 p.8)

1543        The town of Antigua was built by the Spanish.
    (SFEM, 6/13/99, p.32)

1543-1773    The Palacio de los Capitanes in Antigua was the center for Spanish rule over Chiapas, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua during this period.
    (SFEM, 6/13/99, p.32)

1549        A Spanish royal mansion was built in Antigua that later became the Café Condesa.
    (SFEM, 6/13/99, p.32)

1550s        The Popol Vuh, the sacred book of the Quiche-Maya, was written. It later disappeared.
    (SFEM, 6/13/99, p.33)

1636        The Antigua mansion, later known as Casa Popenoe, was built. It was purchased in 1931 by the American botanist Dr. Wilson Popenoe.
    (SFEM, 6/13/99, p.32)

1642        In Antigua a Dominican monastery was built.
    (SFEM, 6/13/99, p.32)

1773        A large earthquake destroyed so much of Antigua that the Spanish moved away and built a new capital on a plateau 30 miles away that became Guatemala City.
    (NG, 6/1988, p.798)(SFEM, 6/13/99, p.33)

19th cent    Maria Encarnacion Rosal, a 19th century Guatemalan nun, was beatified in 1997 by Pope John Paul II.
    (SFC, 5/5/97, p.A8)

1821        Sep 15, A junta convened by the captain-general in Guatemala declared independence for its provinces Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua San Salvador and Chiapas.
    (NG, 6/1988, p.781)(AP, 9/15/97)(EWH, 1968, p.843)

1823        Jul 1, The United Provinces of Central America (Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and San Salvador) gained independence from Mexico. The union dissolved by 1840.
    (PC, 1992, p.393)(ON, 12/99, p.5)

1839        Apr 17, Guatemala formed a republic.
    (MC, 4/17/02)

1839        Oct 3, John Lloyd Stephens and Frederick Catherwood departed NYC for Central America. They arrived in Guatemala 3 weeks later.
    (ON, 12/99, p.5)

1839        Nov 30, John Lloyd Stephens left Copan for Guatemala City to locate the government of the United Provinces of Central America.
    (ON, 12/99, p.8)

1840        Apr 7, John Lloyd Stephens and Frederick Catherwood left Guatemala City and traveled north into Mexico where they explored Palenque.
    (ON, 12/99, p.8)

1859        A treaty between Britain and Guatemala defined the boundaries of Belize.
    (SFC, 11/2/00, p.A12)

1898-1920    Pres. Manuel Estrada Cabrera was one of the first Latin dictators to create his own secret police. He plundered the treasury, expanded the standing army and systematically oppressed his opponents.
    (WSJ, 3/3/99, p.A18)

1902        Oct 25, Santa Maria, Guatemala, was hit by an earthquake and about 6,000 died.
    (MC, 10/25/01)

1904        The Postal Code created the General Administration of Mail and Telegraphs (GAMT). The system grew to become very inefficient and in the 1980s private delivery businesses began to spring up.
    (WSJ, 6/5/98, p.A15)

1913        Sep 14, Jacobo Guzman Arbenz (d.1971), president of Guatemala (1951-54) was born. He was overthrown by the CIA. Arbenz, soldier and nationalist politician and president Guatemala, was the son of a Swiss pharmacist who emigrated to Guatemala, Arbenz joined a group of army officers that overthrew dictator Jorge Ubico in 1944. Arbenz became president with the support of army and leftists, including the Communist Party. His radical policies, especially regarding expropriation of portions of the United Fruit Company holdings, led to a U.S. backed coup in 1954 and his fleeing to Mexico. Arbenz died in 1971 in Mexico City.
     (NG, 10/1988,)(HNQ, 1/14/00)(http://www.bookrags.com/biography/jacobo-arbenz-guzman/)

1912        The Mayan site of Xultun (Guatemala) was first discovered. In 2010 paintings were discovered at the site dating to around 800. Figures were captioned as "Older Brother Obsidian," or "Senior Obsidian," and "Younger Brother Obsidian," or perhaps "Junior Obsidian."
    (www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-18018343)

1931-1944    Jorge Ubico took over Guatemala as dictator. He liked to ride around the country in his motorcycle and had all the potholes fixed. He ended debt peonage for Indians and clamped down on corruption.
    (SFEC, 11/24/96, zone 1 p.2)(WSJ, 3/3/99, p.A18)

1940        Guatemala declared the 1859 treaty void and reasserted its claim to Belize.
    (SFC, 11/2/00, p.A12)

1944        A revolution in Guatemala occurred against the eccentric strongman Jorge Ubico.
    (NG, 6/1988, p.781)(HNQ, 1/30/99)(WSJ, 3/3/99, p.A18)

1946-1948    US scientific researchers infected hundreds of Guatemalan mental patients with sexually transmitted diseases. The researchers were trying to determine whether the antibiotic penicillin could prevent syphilis infection, not just cure it. The practice only came to light in 2010 thanks to the work of an academic researcher. On Oct 1, 2010, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and Health and Human Services Secretary Kathleen Sebelius issued a formal apology to Guatemala, and to Guatemalan residents of the United States. A 2011 report said 2,082 people were infected with syphilis, gonorrhea or chancroid. Previous studies had said about 1,300 people were exposed, including soldiers, prostitutes, prisoners and mental patients.
    (www.msnbc.msn.com/id/39456324/ns/health-sexual_health/)(AP, 12/7/11)

1951-1954    Jacobo Guzman Arbenz (1913-1971) served as president of Guatemala. Arbenz became president with the support of army and leftists, including the Communist Party. Jacobo Arbenz Guzman, aroused rightist opposition by allowing Communists in positions of power among peasants, labor unions, even the government itself. His radical policies-especially regarding expropriation of portions of the United Fruit Company holdings-led to a U.S. backed coup in 1954 and his fleeing to Mexico.
    (HNQ, 1/30/99)(WSJ, 3/3/99, p.A18)

1954        Jun 27, CIA-sponsored rebels overthrew the elected government of Guatemala. A US supported force of Guatemalan mercenaries invaded from Honduras. Sam Zemurray, head of United Fruit, helped fund the rebels. Pres. Arbenz was toppled and replaced by 30 years of military rule. He spent much of his exile in Cuba. Arbenz died in 1971 in Mexico City. It was disclosed in 1997 to have been motivated by US economic interests with 58 Guatemalan politicians put on a list of potential targets for political killing. In 1982 “Bitter Fruit: The Untold Story of the American Coup in Guatemala” by Stephen Schlesinger and Stephen Kinzer, was published by Doubleday. In 2011 Guatemalan President Alvaro Colom acknowledged the state's responsibility in overthrowing Arbenz and apologized to his family.
    (NG, 6/1988, p.783)(SFC, 5/24/97, p.A1)(WSJ, 3/3/99, p.A18)(AP, 10/21/11)(SSFC, 7/8/12, p.F5)

1954        Jul 8, Carlos Castillo Armas of Guatemala became president. He was assassinated in 1957.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1685)

1957        Jul 26, Pres. Carlos Castillo Armas was assassinated.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1685)

1959        Belize and Guatemala signed a border treaty
    (AP, 9/19/02)

1960        Jul 14, Fire raging through a Guatemala City, Guatemala, insane asylum and 225 were killed with 300 severely injured.
    (MC, 7/14/02)

1960        Oct 30, Guatemala's "La Hora" reported a plan for the invasion on Cuba.
    (MC, 10/30/01)

1960        Nov 14, President Dwight Eisenhower ordered U.S. naval units into the Caribbean after Guatemala and Nicaragua charged Castro with starting uprisings.
    (HN, 11/14/98)

1960        In Guatemala rebellious army officers took to the hills and began the long attempt to overthrow a tyrannical regime.
    (SFC, 1/3/97, p.A26)

1960        The Central American Common Market was set up by a treaty between El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and later Costa Rica. It fell apart by the end of the decade.
    (Econ, 5/14/05, p.41)(www.bartleby.com/65/ce/CentrACM.html)

1960-1996    During the civil war some 150,000 people fled to Mexico for refuge and as many as 50,000 hid out in the mountains and jungles for years.
    (SFC, 7/13/00, p.A12)

1961        A long civil war began. The military retained power and the first Marxist guerilla organization took up arms.
    (WSJ, 3/22/96, p.A-1)(SFC, 11/12/96, p.A13)

1961        Apr 17, About 1,500 CIA-trained Cuban exiles launched the disastrous Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba in a failed attempt to overthrow the government of Fidel Castro. The US clandestinely invaded Cuba in the Bay of Pigs operation and the operation failed completely without any of the promised air support from the United States. Cuban forces killed 200 rebels and captured 1,197 in less than 72 hours. 26 survivors were rescued after 3 days of fighting. A single copy of a CIA report written by inspector general Lyman Kirkpatrick was made public in 1998. The operation, which had been devised during the Eisenhower Administration, was nonetheless endorsed by the new president, John F. Kennedy. In 1979 Peter Wyden wrote “Bay of Pigs: The Untold Story.” Portion of the 1961 Taylor Report was made public in 1977 and 1986. Most of the report was made public in 2000 and it showed that the CIA knew that the Soviets knew the exact date of the attack. In 2009 Guadeloupe apologized to Cuba for allowing the CIA to train Cuban exiles on its soil.
    (AP, 4/17/97)(TMC, 1994, p.1961)(SFEC, 2/22/98, p.A19)(HNQ, 4/11/00)(SFC, 4/29/00, p.A7)
    (AP, 2/18/09)

1966        Jan 4, A US State Dept. security official wrote a memo describing how a safe house was set up in the presidential palace for use by Guatemalan security agents and their US contacts.
    (SFC, 3/11/99, p.A12)

1966        Mar 6, Security forces arrested 32 people suspected of aiding Marxist guerrillas. They all disappeared. A later CIA cable identified 3 of the missing as terrorists executed by Guatemalan authorities on Mar 6.
    (SFC, 3/11/99, p.A12)

1966        The US sent in the Green Berets to help “train” the Guatemalan armed forces in counter-insurgency techniques.
    (SFC, 1/3/97, p.A26)

1967        Oct 23, A secret US State Dept. cable reported that covert Guatemalan security operations included "kidnapping, torture and summary executions."
    (SFC, 3/11/99, p.A12)

1967        Miguel A. Asturias (1899-1974) of Guatemala won the Nobel Prize in Literature.
    (AP, 10/8/09))(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miguel_%C3%81ngel_Asturias)

1970        Jul 1, In Guatemala Gen. Carlos Arana Osorio (1918-2003), a hard-line conservative of the National Liberation Movement, began serving as president and continued to 1974. He expanded efforts to bring armed rebels under control and prosecuted student radicals. He declared a state of siege in his 1st year.
    (AP, 12/6/03)(SFC, 12/8/03, p.A20)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carlos_Manuel_Arana_Osorio)

1974        Sep 18, Hurricane Fifi struck Honduras with 110 mph winds and killed about 8,000. The hurricane made landfall as a Category 2 storm in Belize on the next day, and continued through Guatemala and Mexico as a tropical system. After weakening to a depression, Fifi emerged into the Pacific Ocean, becoming the first crossover storm since Hurricane Irene-Olivia in 1971.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hurricane_Fifi-Orlene)

1974        In Guatemala Kjell Eugenio Laugerud (1930-2009) was elected president and continued to 1978. He was elected with the backing of the far-right National Liberation Movement party in elections marred by violence and accusations of fraud.
    (AP, 12/12/09)

1976        Feb 4, A 7-5-7.9 earthquake hit Guatemala and Honduras. Some 23,000 Guatemalans, mostly Mayan Indians, were killed. It destroyed 58,000 houses in the capital and 300 villages.
    (NG, 6/1988, p.785,797)(SFEM, 6/13/99, p.8)(AP, 2/4/01)(AP, 6/22/02)

1976        The government announced a plan to relocate Achi Indians near Rabinal to make room for a hydroelectric dam along the Chixoy River.
    (SFC, 1/18/99, p.A11)

1977        Guatemala’s Pres. Kjell Eugenio Laugerud announced he would not accept US military aid after the Carter administration criticized Guatemala's human rights situation because of forced disappearances, torture and arbitrary executions. It was largely a symbolic gesture, however, since the aid already was appropriated for that year.
    (AP, 12/12/09)

1978        In Guatemala Fernando Romeo Lucas Garcia began serving as president and continued to 1982.
    (SFC, 6/14/01, p.15)

1978-1983    In Guatemala hundreds of residents from central Guatemala fled to the region north of Chajul and declared themselves neutral to the war. They organized themselves into the Communities of People in Resistance (CPR) and secretly cultivated their lands. They did not come out of hiding until 1998.
    (SFC, 9/8/97, p.A8)(www.refugeesinternational.org/content/article/detail/6344/)

1979        Soldiers protecting the Chixoy River dam project attacked the villagers of Rio Negro, the only village of 15 that refused to move without adequate compensation.
    (SFC, 7/14/00, p.A11)

1980        Jan 31, In Guatemala the Spanish Embassy was attacked and 37 people were killed. The dead included the father of Rigoberta Menchu, who later filed charges in Spain against Rios Montt, 5 Guatemalan generals and 2 civilians for war crimes. Peasant, labor and student activists had taken over the Spanish Embassy in Guatemala City to protest the rule of Pres. Lucas Garcia (1925-2006).
    (AP, 5/29/06)(www.onwar.com/aced/nation/sat/spain/fguatemala1980.htm)

1980        Villagers from Xococ near Rabinal volunteered to join the army and were recruited to help kill rebels.
    (SFC, 1/18/99, p.A11)

1981        Sep 21, Belize gained independence from Britain and joined the UN under protests from Guatemala.
    (www.belizenet.com/bzeguat/chap10.html)

1981        Nov 8, In San Martin Jilotepeque Virginia Tubac’s husband left for the market and never returned. His body was identified in a mass grave in 1997.
    (SFC, 6/17/97, p.D1)

1981        In Cuarto Pueblo, Guatemala, 15 cooperative leaders were killed by government troops.
    (SFC, 12/9/96, p.A18)
1981        In Guatemala some 100,000 Maya villagers were killed this year in a government crackdown on a left-wing insurgency.
    (SFC, 5/19/96, T-11)
1981        In Guatemala eight El Jute residents disappeared. Witnesses later tied Col. Marco Antonio Sanchez and three paramilitaries to the disappearances [see Dec 4 2009].
    (AP, 12/5/09)

1981-1983    In central Guatemala 4,411 people were killed in the area of Rabinal during the civil war.
    (SFC, 1/18/99, p.A10)(Econ, 11/8/03, p.35)

1982        Feb 13, In Guatemala 73 men and women from Rio Negro were ordered by the local military commander to report to Xococ, a village upstream from the reservoir zone which had a history of land conflicts and hostility with Rio Negro. Only one woman out of the 73 villagers returned to Rio Negro, the rest were raped, tortured and then murdered by Xococ's Civil Defense Patrol, or PAC, one of the notorious paramilitary units used by the state as death squads. The Guatemalan army invaded Santa Maria Tzeja and massacred 13 people. Villagers fled their homes following the massacre. In 2004 Beatriz Manz authored "Paradise in Ashes: A Guatemalan Journey of courage, Terror and Hope."
    (http://tinyurl.com/34hubh)(SSFC, 2/14/04, p.M3)(www.rightsaction.org/articles/1095a.htm)

1982        Mar 13, In Guatemala at the Massacre of Rio Negro 177 Achi Maya women and children were killed by Xococ patrolmen. On Nov 30, 1998, three Xococ pro-government fighters, Carlos Chen, Pedro Gonzalez and Fermin Lajuj, were sentenced to death for their war crimes in the massacre. In 2003 the PBS documentary "Discovering Dominga" told the story of a Mayan girl who survived the massacre and her struggle to discover what happened to her family. In 2008 5 former paramilitary members were sentenced to 780 years each in prison for massacring 26 people at Rio Negro.
    (SFC, 12/1/98, p.A11)(SFC, 1/18/99, p.A11)(SFC, 7/14/00, p.A11)(SFC, 7/4/03, p.E3)(AP, 5/30/08)

1982        Mar 14, In Cuarto Pueblo 309 villagers were killed over three days by government troops.
    (SFC, 12/9/96, p.A18)

1982        Mar 23, Gen’l. Efrain Rios Montt seized power from Pres. Lucas Garcia. Under his 17-month rule the army burned Indian villages and killed thousands of suspected leftists. Montt established the Guatemalan Republican Front (FRG).
    (SFC, 7/31/98, p.D3)(SFC, 11/8/99, p.A10)(SFC, 6/14/01, p.A15)

1982        Jun, The village of Chacalte was attacked by guerrillas and an estimated 120 people were killed. The attack was for apparent collaboration by the village with the military’s armed civil patrols.
    (SFC, 9/3/97, p.C3)

1982        Jul 18, In Guatemala soldiers and paramilitary troops massacred 267 people in the remote hamlet of Plan de Sanchez. In 2001 local communities filed genocide charges against  congressional head Efrain Rios Montt, who was the dictator at the time of the massacre. In 2005 Guatemala apologized for the government-directed massacre of 226 people in Plan de Sanchez.
    (SFC, 6/6/01, p.C3)(SFC, 6/14/01, p.A15)(AP, 7/19/05)

1982        Aug 22, Alfonso Portillo, a Guatemalan professor at Mexico’s Guerrero Autonomous Univ., shot and killed 2 political adversaries outside a party. In 1999 Portillo ran as a presidential candidate for the Guatemalan Republican Front and said he had acted in self defense.
    (http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_hb3335/is_200001/ai_n8048120)(SFC, 9/8/99, p.A15)

1982        Sep 27, In San Martin Jilotepeque Maria Concepcion spoke with her husband for the last time. He was dragged from his bed by more than 40 soldiers and never seen alive again. In 1997 his body was identified in a mass grave.
    (SFC, 6/17/97, p.D1)

1982        Oct 13, Guatemala’s army surrounded the mountain village of Santa Anita Las Canoas. 24 men were taken inside a church, where they were chained, tied with ropes and tortured all the night, their screams heard throughout the village. The following morning, 6 men were taken from the group, tied to the barbwire fence of the church and executed in front of the community.
    {Guatemala, Atrocities}
    (SFC, 6/14/01, p.A14)(www.law.wisc.edu/news/index.php?ID=567)

1982        Dec 4, Guatemalan Pres. Rios Montt met with US Pres. Ronald Reagan in Honduras. Reagan dismissed reports of human rights abuses in the region and lifted an arms embargo to resume sales to military rulers.
    (SSFC, 2/14/04, p.M3)(www.consortiumnews.com/2007/012907.html)

1982        Dec 6-1982 Dec 8, In Guatemala a government massacre wiped out the village of Dos Erres. In 2000 two witnesses gave evidence that some 300 men, women and children were killed, tortured and raped by specialists called kaibiles. In 2011 Pedro Pimentel Rios (54), a former member of an elite Guatemalan military force suspected of carrying out the massacre, was extradited from the United States back to Guatemala.
    (SFEC, 4/9/00, p.C14)(AP, 7/12/11)

1982        The Guatemalan civil war reached its peak. The Civilian Self-Defense Patrol was activated under dictator Gen’l. Efrain Rios Montt.
    (NG, 6/1988, p.776)(SFEC, 10/20/96, A14)
1982        Guatemala’s army surrounded the mountain village of Santa Anita Las Canoas and killed a number of fleeing villagers.
    (SFC, 6/14/01, p.A14)

1982-1984    In Guatemala six people who were abducted and presumably killed during the country's civil war. In 2009 Felipe Cusanero was convicted and sentenced to 25 years for each victim who disappeared during this period from the village of Choatalum.
    (AP, 9/2/09)

1983        Mar, In Guatemala on the eve of Pope John Paul’s visit Gen’l. Montt had 6 rebel suspects executed.
    (SFC, 7/31/98, p.D3)(http://tinyurl.com/ckmy6)

1983        Aug 8, In Guatemala Gen’l. Efrain Rios Montt (b.1926) was overthrown and the military government of Gen. Humberto Mejia Victores took power.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Efra%C3%ADn_R%C3%ADos_Montt)(SFC, 7/5/96, p.A13)

1983        Rigoberta Menchu, Guatemalan-born Mayan Indian and human rights activist, authored her book “I, Rigoberta Menchu.” In 1992 she won the Nobel peace Prize. In 1998 David Stoll, a US anthropologist, authored “Rigoberta Menchu and the Story of All Poor Guatemalans.” He asserted a number of inaccuracies in Menchu’s original book.
    (SFEC, 1/19/97, Par p.5) (SFC, 12/15/98, p.C20)
1983        In Guatemala the Peace Brigades Int'l. program began with volunteers standing in support of Nineth Montenegro, the leader of a group of relatives of the disappeared.
    (SFC, 6/11/99, p.A12)

1983-1986    On May 20, 1999, a document was made public that listed the execution of some of the people that disappeared during this period.
    (SFC, 5/20/99, p.C2)

1984        In Guatemala Cival, about 25 miles east of the much better known city of Tikal, was discovered. Cival was abandoned about 100 CE. Artifacts at the site dated from 500-300 BCE.
    (LAT, 5/5/04)

1985        Mar, Nick Blake, a free lance US journalist, and photographer Griff Davis were shot and killed by Guatemalan civil militia. Their remains were found in 1992.
    (WSJ, 8/17/00, p.A23) 

1985        Aug 8, In San Martin Jilotepeque the army stormed the home of Maria Alisa Camei, beat her husband and took him away. He was not seen alive again. In 1997 his body was identified in a mass grave.
    (SFC, 6/17/97, p.D1)

1985        Dec 2, The 2nd round of free elections in Guatemala gave a decisive majority of almost 70% to the centrist Christian Democratic Party candidate, Vinicio Cerezo (b.1942). The army still held much behind-the-scenes power.
    (NG, 6/1988, p.779)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marco_Vinicio_Cerezo_Ar%C3%A9valo)

1986        Jan 13, In Guatemala just before turning over power to Pres. Cerezo, Gen. Humberto Mejia Victores issued a blanket self-amnesty for acts committed during the 3-year rule of the military government.
    (SFC, 7/5/96, p.A13)(www.cidh.org/annualrep/85.86eng/chap4.a.htm)

1986        Jan 14, In Guatemala, Vinicio Cerezo (b.1942) began serving as president.
    (SFC, 7/5/96, p.A13)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vinicio_Cerezo)

1987        Aug 7, The presidents of 5 Central American nations, meeting in Guatemala City, signed an 11-point agreement designed to bring peace to their region.
    (AP, 8/7/97)

1988        Pres. Cerezo declared another blanket amnesty, approved by congress, that covered government acts from 1982-1988.
    (SFC, 7/5/96, p.A13)

1989        Nov 2, Sister Diana Ortiz was raped and tortured in Guatemala. She has claimed that a man called Allejandro appeared in charge and that he spoke colloquial English and spoke of contacts with the US Embassy. The US government has denied any connection.
    (SFC, 5/4/96, p.A-6)(SFC, 5/7/96, p.A-10)

1990        cJun, The bodies of 2 teenage boys and 2 slightly older adult friends, all of whom had lived on the streets, were found on the outskirts of Guatemala City. Police officers implicated in their abduction and killing were cleared of charges. In 1999 an int'l. court ruled that the government failed to protect the victims and the case was expected to reopen.
    (SFC, 12/6/99, p.A14)

1990        Sep 11, In Guatemala City sociologist Myrna Mack was stabbed 27 times to death. Gen’l. Edgar Augusto Godoy and Colonels Juan Valencia Osorio and Juan Guillermo Oliva ordered Noel de Jesus Beteta, a soldier, to kill Mack. Beteta later received a 30 year sentence for the crime. The officers in 1997 sought amnesty under a new treaty. Myrna Mack was an anthropologist working on the ecological effects of the nation’s refugee policies and the genocide of Maya Indians. The officers were ordered to stand trial in 1999. In 2002 Beteta recanted his confession. In 2003 an appeals court freed Col. Juan Valencia.
    (SFC, 1/7/97, p.A10)(SFC, 3/21/97, p.A18)(SFC, 4/28/98, p.A8)(SFC, 1/30/99, p.A14)(AP, 9/18/02)(SFC, 5/8/03, p.A14)

1990        Oscar Berger was elected mayor of Guatemala City and served until 1999.
    (SFC, 12/30/03, p.A11)

1990        Norwegian church groups brought the government of Guatemala and rebels together for peace talks in Oslo.
    (SFC, 12/5/96, p.C1)

1990        American innkeeper Michael Devine was murdered in Guatemala. Allegations have been made that Guatemalan colonel, Julio Roberto Alpirez on CIA payroll, was involved. A review in 1996 showed that Alpirez was on the CIA payroll from 1988-1992 and that he was involved in the cover-up of the murder of Devine and had participated in the interrogation and likely torture of Efraim Bamaca, a captured Guatemalan guerrilla married to an American lawyer.
    (SFC, 5/4/96, p.A-6)(SFC, 5/7/96, p.A-10)

1991        Guatemala recognized the independence of Belize and established full diplomatic relations.
    (SFC, 11/2/00, p.A12)

1991        Rebel guerrillas sacked and burned most of the productive wells of Basic Petroleum in the northwest corner of the Peten.
    (WSJ, 12/26/96, p.A1)

1991        The US Bush administration requested the extradition of Lt. Col. Carlos Ochoa Ruiz on cocaine trafficking charges.
    (WSJ, 8/13/99, p.A11)

1992        Mar 12, Efraim Banaca Velasquez, a guerilla leader in Guatemala married to an American lawyer (Jennifer Harbury), disappeared and was later murdered. Secret US government files later disclosed that the Guatemalan colonel, Julio Roberto Alpirez, oversaw the interrogation and debriefing and that he was on CIA payroll. A suit filed by Harbury in 1995 against a list of US officials was dismissed in 1999 and reinstated in 2000 on appeal.
    (SFC, 5/4/96, p.A-6)(SFEC, 11/17/96, p.C13)(SFC, 3/18/97, p.A10)(SFC, 3/19/02, p.A4)

1992        Oct 16, The Nobel Peace prize was awarded to Rigoberta Menchu, a Guatemalan Indian who spoke on behalf of indigenous people and victims of government repression.
    (SFC, 10/12/96, p.A13)(AP, 10/16/97)

1993        Judge Gonzalez Dubon declared unconstitutional the imposition of martial law by Pres. Jorge Serrano.
    (WSJ, 8/13/99, p.A11)

1993        May 25, President Jorge Serrano Elias engineered a “self-coup.” He moved to live in Panama and faced extradition attempts. After the failed coup the Congress designated Ramiro de Leon Carpio as president and Arturo Herbruger as vice president to serve to Jan 1996.
    (SFC, 7/24/97, p.A11)(SFC, 10/26/99, p.B4)

1993        Rightist civil patrols killed peasants in Colotenango. 12 members of the paramilitary unit were later arrested, tried and sentenced in 1999 to 25 years in prison. They were sprung from jail a day after being sentenced.
    (SFC, 5/1/99, p.B1)

1993        Enron Corp. started building electric power plants on barges with a  project in Guatemala.
    (WSJ, 5/22/96, p.B-1)

1994        Mar, The first of a series of 12 pacts to deal with procedures for recognizing and dealing with violations of human rights was signed.
    (WSJ, 12/13/96, p.A15)

1994        Apr 1, Judge Gonzalez Dubon was assassinated. He had recently signed an order to extradite to the US former Army Lt. Col. Carlos Ochoa Ruiz on drug trafficking charges.
    (WSJ, 8/13/99, p.A11)

1994        Sep, A 440-member UN human rights mission was installed.
    (SFC, 5/14/96, A-10)

1994        Diane Weinstock, an American tourist, was beaten into a coma in San Cristobal by a mob that suspected her of trying to steal a baby.
    (SFC, 5/1/00, p.A14)

1995        Mar, Sen. Robert Torricelli of the US House Intelligence Oversight Committee accused the CIA of a cover-up in 2 Guatemalan murders. A review in 1996 showed that Alpirez was on the CIA payroll from 1988-1992 and that he was involved in the cover-up of the 1990 murder of Michael Devine and had participated in the 1992 interrogation and likely torture of Efraim Bamaca, a captured Guatemalan guerrilla, killed in captivity and married to an American lawyer.
    (SFC, 5/4/96, p.A-6)(SFC, 5/7/96, p.A-10)(SFEC, 11/17/96, p.A13)

1995        Sep 27-Oct 6, Hurricane Opal caused at least 50 deaths in Guatemala and Mexico and 20 deaths in the United States. The storm hit Central America before striking Florida, Alabama, Georgia, and North Carolina.
    (AP, 9/11/04)(www.wunderground.com)

1995        Oct 5, In Xaman village, Guatemala, 11 war refugees were killed by government soldiers. In 1999 25 soldiers were convicted for homicide. 12 soldiers were sentenced to 5 years in prison and the rest to 4 years already served. In 2004 an officer and 13 soldiers were each sentenced to 40 years in prison for the Xaman massacre of recently returned civil war refugees.
    (SFC, 8/14/99, p.C1)(AP, 7/9/04)

1995        Oct, The government army led a massacre in the region of Chajul.
    (SFC, 9/8/97, p.A9)

1995        Gavin Barker, a social worker from London, founded Quetzaltrekkers, a Guatemala trekking program aimed at funding street children in Xela.
    (SSFC, 11/9/03, p.D3)

1995        Archeologists of the Basic Pete Oil Co. discovered the Mayan city of La Joyanca.
    (WSJ, 12/26/96, p.32)

1996        Jan, Pres. Ramiro de Leon Carpio disbanded the paramilitary Civil Self-Defense Patrols.
    (SFC, 6/18/02, p.A9)

1996         Jan, In a low turnout for presidential elections, Alvaro Arzu Irigoyen, a conservative former foreign minister, beat Alfonso Portillo, backed by ex-dictator, Efrain Rios Montt, by less than 3 %.
    (WSJ, 1/8/96, p.A-1)(SFC, 12/30/96, p.A7)

1996        Mar, The new president ordered the army to halt counterinsurgency operations against leftist guerillas, matching a cease fire offer by the Guatemalan national Revolutionary Unity (URNG) rebels who have fought a 35-year civil war.
    (WSJ, 3/22/96, p.A-1)(SFC, 5/7/96, p.A-10)

1996        May 7, Guatemala’s leftist guerrillas and the government signed a key accord in negotiations to end 35 years of civil war. A Land Fund that would help poor peasant farmers acquire arable land was agreed upon.
    (SFC, 5/7/96, p.A-10)

1996        Jun 13, Guatemala ratified a UN pact on tribal peoples. The pact calls for respect of its indigenous people, the Mayans, and consultation with them on decisions affecting their economic and social development.
    (SFC, 6/14/96, p. A16)

1996        Sep 15,  Crime boss Alfredo Moreno, a former army intelligence officer, was arrested on charges of an enormous smuggling operation.
    (SFC, 9/25/96, p.A9)

1996        Sep 17, In Guatemala 2 generals and 16 officials were fired in a probe of black-market corruption.
    (SFC, 9/19/96, p.A10)

1996        Sep 19, Guatemala’s government and leftist guerillas under Ricardo Arnoldo Ramirez signed a peace accord that called for a 33% troop and budget reduction from 43,000 by 1999. Otto Perez Molina negotiated the accords for the government.
    (SFC, 9/20/96, p.A15)(SFC, 9/15/98, p.A22)(Econ, 1/21/12, p.42)

1996        Sep 24, The government fired 12 National police officers including 5 regional chiefs implicated in a corruption scandal.
    (SFC, 9/25/96, p.A9)

1996        Oct 5, An ongoing program to de-activate some 200,000 citizen soldiers included ceremonious weapons returns.
    (SFEC, 10/20/96, A14)

1996        Oct 16, Soccer fans at a World Cup qualifying match trying to squeeze into Mateo Flores National Stadium in Guatemala City stampeded, killing [83] 84 people. 180 were injured.
    (SFC, 10/17/96, A1)(AP, 10/16/97)

1996        Oct 19, Rafael Augusto Valdizon, rebel commander, was captured in connection with the kidnapping of 86-year-old Olga Novella, wife of a cement company owner, in September. He negotiated his freedom in exchange for her release. She was released and he disappeared.
    (SFC, 10/29/96, p.A8)(SFC, 10/31/96, p.A12)

1996        Oct 28, Peace talks were cancelled due to the Oct 19 incident.
    (SFC, 10/29/96, p.A8)

1996        Nov 1, A Brazilian-made turboprop crashed near Flores in Peten province and 14 people enroute to the Mayan site of Tikal were killed.
    (SFC, 11/2/96, p.C1)

1996        Nov 11, Gen’l. Roberto Letona, the military attaché in Washington, was ordered home after being linked to the Moreno smuggling operation that cheated the government out of some $2.7 billion in taxes and duties over 15 years.
    (SFC, 11/12/96, p.A12)

1996        Nov 11, Pres. Alvaro Arzu and the rebel alliance separately announced a peace agreement to be signed Dec 29.
    (SFC, 11/12/96, p.A13)

1996        Nov 14, Villagers in Momostenango broke into the town jail where 4 men were jailed on charges of assault and robbery of bus passengers. They were beat, doused with gasoline and burned to death. It was later learned that the victims were 2 artists, a dentist, and a minister from a neighboring state hunting rabbits.
    (SFEC, 12/1/96, p.T9)(SFC, 12/3/96, p.E1)

1996        Dec 4, A truce was signed in Oslo, Norway. Two more accords were left to be signed and the final treaty was scheduled to be signed in Guatemala City on Dec 29.
    (SFC, 12/5/96, p.C1)

1996        Dec 29, In Guatemala City the Accord on the Firm and Lasting Peace was signed at the National Palace ending 36 years of civil conflict during which some 200,000 people died or disappeared. One rebel unit in Quezaltenango, the Organization of the People in Arms, refused to take part. The accord included provisions for education in 23 regional languages with Spanish. The peace accord mandated a report by a UN "Historical Clarification Commission." The report was completed and made public in 1999. In 2000 Susanne Jonas authored “Of Centaurs and Doves: Guatemala’s Peace Process.”
    (WSJ, 12/13/96, p.A15)(SFC, 12/30/96, p.A7)(SFC, 5/27/97, p.A12) (AP, 12/29/97)(SFC, 2/26/99, p.A17)(SFEC, 3/7/99, p.A22)(SFEM, 6/13/99, p.33)(SFEC, 8/20/00, BR p.12)

1996        Guatemala enacted a General Telecommunications Law that changed a state ownership and allocated radio spectrum from the bottom up. This allowed for a large increase in phone penetration.
    (WSJ, 12/27/02, p.A11)

1996        The New York based Kroll Associates reported that 900 kidnappings took place in Guatemala in 1996.
    (SFC,11/21/97, p.A15)

1997        Jan 6, Three officers accused of ordering a 1990 assassination sought amnesty under terms of the new treaty.
    (SFC, 1/7/97, p.A10)

1997        Jan 30, More than 1,000 military police seized their own headquarters and demanded at least $7,000 severance pay each when the 4,000 member military police is dissolved later in the year.
    (SFC, 1/31/97, p.A12)

1997        Jan, Bonifassi de Botran (80), the heir to a liquor distillery fortune, was kidnapped in Guatemala City. A ransom was paid but she was found dead. Two members of the kidnapping ring, Los Pasaco, escaped from prison but Luis Amilcar Cetino Perez and Tomas Cerrate Hernandez were executed in 2000.
    (SFC, 6/22/00, p.A12)(SFC, 6/30/00, p.D2)

1997        Jun, A feud erupted between neighboring Maya villages near Totonicapan and 10 people were massacred and 10 homes were burned down.
    (SFC, 9/8/97, p.A8)

1997        Jul 4, Pres. Alvaro Arzu fired 2 top military officials, after they had helped negotiate a peace treaty. They were known as moderates and the hard-liner Gen’l. Hector Barrios took over as the new defense chief.
    (SFC, 7/5/97, p.A10)

1997        Guatemala divided some 1.2 million acres of forest land into 13 logging concessions that required sustainable harvesting. 2 concessions were granted to logging companies and 11 to local communities.
    (WSJ, 11/25/05, p.A9)

1997        A large Mayan site was discovered at the Rio San Pedro Martir drainage in the Peten region of northern Guatemala.
    (AM, Jul/Aug ‘97 p.19)

1997        Sep 8, It was reported that a new rebel group emerged in the Chajul region calling itself the Guerrilla Command Force ‘97.
    (SFC, 9/8/97, p.A8)

1998        Jan 6, Danita Gonzalez Plank de Orellana (32) of Philadelphia was kidnapped with her 6-month old daughter near Quezaltenango. the baby was soon found in a cardboard box. The mother’s body was found 8 days later. Police alleged that a gang under Rigoberto Antonio Morales (23) was responsible. Morales was recaptured 4 days after escaping from prison in June.
    (SFEC, 6/21/98, p.A13)

1998        Jan 16, In Guatemala 13 college students and 3 faculty members from St. Mary's College of Maryland were robbed and 5 women were raped after their bus was ambushed near Santa Lucia. 4 suspects were later arrested and 3 more were sought by police. In 1999 three men, Cosbi Gamaliel Ortiz (38), Rony Leonel Polanco Sil (29) and Reyes Guch Ventura (25), were convicted and sentenced to 28 years in prison.
    (SFC, 1/19/98, p.A8)(SFC, 2/9/99, p.A8)

1998        Jan, Pres. Alvaro Arzu awarded a 5-year concession to administer government postal services to Int’l. Post Services, a subsidiary of Canada Post.
    (WSJ, 6/5/98, p.A15)

1998        Apr 24, The Human Rights Office of the Guatemalan Catholic Church issued a report called “Guatemala: Never Again,” that said 200,000 people died or disappeared during the 36 year civil war that ended in 1996.
    (SFC, 4/25/98, p.A8)

1998        Apr 26, In Guatemala City Bishop Jose Gerardi (75) was killed. He oversaw the recent report: “Guatemala: Never Again.” Marks on the bishop’s body were made by a dog. In July a priest and a cook, Rev. Mario Leonel Orantes Najera and Margarita Lopez, were arrested in connection. In Oct. US forensic experts said that at least 2 attackers were responsible for the bishop’s killing and described it as a political crime. In Oct Rev. Mario Lionel Orantes was charged with the killing. Orantes was released in Feb 1999. In 1999 Prosecutor Calvin Galindo resigned and fled the country in fear of his safety. Two judges had already quit the case. Three army suspects were arrested in Jan 2000. In 2000 Rev. Mario Orantes was again charged with the murder. In 2001 Col. Disrael Lima Estrada (60), Capt. Byron Lima Oliva (31) and Sgt. Jose Obdulio Villanueva (36) and Rev. Orantes were found guilty of the murder of Bishop Gerardi. The officers were sentenced to 30 years in prison and Orantes was sentenced to 20 years. Villanueva was killed during a prison riot Feb 12, 2003. In 2010 The a judge ordered retired Col. Byron Lima freed for good behavior after serving half his 20-year sentence.
    (SFC, 4/28/98, p.A1,8)(SFC, 8/19/98, p.C16)(SFC, 10/7/98, p.A10)(SFC, 10/22/98, p.C5)(SFC, 10/8/99, p.D3)(WSJ, 1/24/00, p.A1)(SFC, 3/11/00, p.A9)(SFC, 6/9/01, p.A8)(SFC, 2/12/03, p.A9)(AP, 3/19/10)

1998        May 23, It was reported that the Pacaya volcano had erupted and covered Guatemala City with a half-inch of grit.
    (SFC, 5/23/98, p.A5)

1998        May, Bishop Mario Rios Montt, the brother of former dictator Gen’l. Efrain Rios Montt, was appointed head of the human rights office.
    (SFC, 7/31/98, p.D3)

1998        Jul 12, Honduras, Guatemala and El Salvador agreed to join forces to build a $2 billion railroad network to link Central America with Mexico.
    (SFC, 7/13/98, p.A8)

1998        Jul 14, Sebastiano Crestani, an Italian priest and chaplain of the army, was attacked gangland-style. Three weeks later his family sent him to Italy.
    (SFC, 8/19/98, p.C16)

1998        Sep 11, Ricardo Arnoldo Ramirez (67), aka Rolando Moran, a former leftist guerrilla commander, died.
    (SFC, 9/15/98, p.A22)

1998        Oct 1, Guatemala sold 95% of its phone monopoly for $700 million to Luca, a consortium of Guatemalan and Central American financial institutions.
    (WSJ, 10/2/98, p.A10)

1998        Oct 20, In Guatemala the former rebels of the National Revolutionary Unity (URVG) asked to be recognized as a political party.
    (SFC, 10/21/98, p.C2)

1998        Oct 22-1998 Nov 9, Hurricane Mitch was one of the Caribbean's deadliest storms ever causing at least at least 9,000 deaths in Central America. The storm hit Honduras, Nicaragua, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, Panama, Jamaica, and Costa Rica. Later reports put the death toll in Honduras to 6,076. In Nicaragua the deaths reached 4,000, in Guatemala it was157, and in El Salvador it was 222. The storm parked over Honduras and rain poured for 6 days straight.  Aid of $66 mil was ordered from the US, $8 mil from the EU, $11.6 mil from Spain along with pledges from other countries and private organizations.
    (SFC, 11/4/98, p.A9)(SFC, 11/6/98, p.A14)(AP, 9/11/04)(www.wunderground.com)

1998        Nov 1, In Guatemala 10 Americans were killed when their C-47 cargo plane crashed while on a mission to distribute medicines and medical care.
    (SFC, 11/3/98, p.A11)

1999        Feb 25, A 100-page summary of a 3,600 page report by the UN mandated Historical Clarification Committee was released. It indicated that the US government and US corporations played a key role in maintaining the right-wing military governments during most of the 36 years of civil war in Guatemala. The report documented a genocide against Mayan Indians with a death toll of some 200,000. The Guatemalan National Revolutionary Unity (UNRG) was responsible for 3% of the atrocities. The Guatemalan Army was blamed for 93% of the human rights abuses.
    (SFC, 2/26/99, p.A1,17)(WSJ, 2/26/99, p.A1)(SFC, 3/13/99, p.A13)

1999        Mar 10, Pres. Clinton visited Guatemala and apologized for US support of rightist regimes that ruled the country for 3 decades.
    (SFC, 3/11/99, p.A1)

1999        Apr 30, In Guatemala some 600 peasants stormed a police station in Huehuetenango and freed 12 former paramilitary members who had just been sentenced to 25 years in prison for killing peasants in Colotenango in 1993.
    (SFC, 5/1/99, p.B1)

1999        May 13, In Guatemala Roberto Belarino Gonzalez (40), ass't. sec. gen'l. for the opposition Democratic Front for the New Guatemala (FDNG), was shot and killed as he left his home.
    (SFC, 5/14/99, p.D5)

1999        May 16, A referendum was scheduled on a package of 50 constitutional reforms that included recognition of the rights of the Indian majority and modernization of the army. Voters rejected the referendum 77% to 23%.
    (SFC, 5/14/99, p.D5)(SFC, 5/17/99, p.A10)

1999        May 20, A document that cited the activities of a Guatemalan military unit that kidnapped, tortured and killed suspected subversives from 1983-1986 was made public by human rights officials. The document indicated that 100 of 183 listed people were executed.
    (SFC, 5/20/99, p.C2)

1999        Jul, Carlos Ochoa Ruiz, a former Army Lt. Col., was sentenced to 14 years in prison for cocaine trafficking by Judge Marco Tulio Molina Lara.
    (WSJ, 8/13/99, p.A11)

1999        Aug 3, A human rights officer asked prosecutors to investigate former president Gen'l. Oscar Humberto Mejia Victores over his role in the kidnapping, torture and disappearance of scores of people during his rule.
    (SFC, 8/5/99, p.A14)

1999        Oct 25, Arturo Herbruger, former vice president, died at age 87.
    (SFC, 10/26/99, p.B4)

1999        Nov 3, In Guatemala City two campaigners for Alfonso Portillo Cabrera were killed by gunmen.
    (SFC, 11/4/99, p.A18)

1999        Nov 7, In Guatemala Alfonso Portillo of the Guatemalan Republican Front (FRG) was in a close race for the presidency with Oscar Berger of the governing National Advancement (PAN). With 97.5% counted Portillo had 47.8% of the vote vs. 30.3% for Berger. The FRG won 61 0f the 110-seat Congress. Portillo was declared the winner with 68% of the vote.
    (SFC, 11/8/99, p.A10)(SFC, 11/9/99, p.A13)(SFC, 11/11/99, p.A22)(SFC, 12/27/99, p.A14)

1999        Dec 21, In Guatemala City a Cubana de Aviacion DC-10 skidded and crashed on landing. At least 26 people were killed.
    (SFC, 12/22/99, p.C9)

1999        In Guatemala Candido Noriega, a paramilitary from the Quiche region, was sentenced to 50 years in 1999 for dozens of killings while working for the army in the 1980s. He was not tried for forced disappearances.
    (AP, 9/2/09)

1999        Belize troops killed 2 Guatemalan civilians in a disputed border area.
    (SFC, 11/2/00, p.A12)

2000        Jan, The Pacaya Volcano south of Guatemala City erupted and injured over 50 people with falling lava.
    (SFC, 1/22/00, p.A6)

2000        Apr 30, In Guatemala villagers in Todos Santos Cuchuman stoned to death a Japanese tourist, Tetsuo Yamahiro (40), and his tour’s bus driver, Edgar Castellanos (35), in the belief that they had come to steal children. The driver was cremated with gasoline.
    (SFC, 5/1/00, p.A14)

2000        May 11, Mexico reached a free-trade agreement with Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras.
    (SFC, 5/12/00, p.D2)

2000        May 15, It was reported that archeologists had found the remains of a large Mayan city in Peten state. The “El Pajaral” ruins dated to the post-classic period from about 1200 to 1330.
    (SFC, 5/15/00, p.A13)

2000        Jul 8, Some 200 Indian villagers in Xalvaquiej burned alive 8 men suspected of kidnapping a raping a young girl last year.
    (SFC, 7/12/00, p.A12)

2000        Jul, The legislature passed a 20% tax on alcoholic beverages. Rios Montt, head of Congress, was later accused of changing the tax to 10%.
    (SFC, 8/25/00, p.D2)

2000        Nov 28, Angry Q’eqchi’ Indians burned to death 5 men, aged 16-18, suspected in the fatal shooting of a local man during a robbery in Las Conchas.
    (SFC, 11/30/00, p.C7)(SFC, 12/1/00, p.D2)

2000        Dec 20, The Congress approved the use of the US dollar for everyday business.
    (SFC, 12/21/00, p.C6)

2000        Dec 24, Thieves stole equipment in Guatemala City that included computer files of the “Out of the Dump” project begun in 1991 by Nancy McGirr.
    (SFC, 12/31/00, p.B10)

2000        Guatemala officials claimed that the British mistakenly awarded to Belize some 4,739 square miles of Guatemalan territory.
    (SFC, 11/2/00, p.A12)

2001        Mar 12, In Guatemala Judge Hugo Martinez of Senahu was hacked to death and burned by a mob after he ruled that there was not sufficient evidence to hold 2 rape suspects.
    (SFC, 3/14/01, p.C12)

2001        Mar 21, The highest court ordered former dictator Efraim Rios Montt and 5 ruling-party lawmakers to give up their congressional posts to face impeachment charges.
    (SFC, 3/23/01, p.D2)

2001        May 5, Barbara Ann Ford (62), a member of the Sisters of Charity of New York, was shot and killed in an apparent robbery.
    (SFC, 5/7/01, p.C4)

2001        Jun 8, In Guatemala 3 soldiers and a priest were found guilty of the 1998 murder of Bishop Juan Jose Gerardi. The officers were sentenced to 30 years in prison and Rev. Orantes was sentenced to 20 years. An appeals court in 2002 granted a new trial.
    (SFC, 6/9/01, p.A8)(AP, 10/8/02)

2001        Jun 12, A judge ordered investigations into criminal charges against ex-President Fernando Romeo Lucas Garcia and Efrain Rios Montt.
    (SFC, 6/14/01, p.A14)

2001        Jun 13, Pres. Portillo fired the top 4 officials of the Communications, Infrastructure and Housing Ministry following a report of $51 million of improper or unjustifiable spending.
    (SSFC, 6/24/01, p.A12)

2001        cAug 12, Two professional soccer players were killed when lightning hit a metal rail and electrified all who sat on it. 10 people were badly burned.
    (WSJ, 8/13/01, p.A1)

2001        Aug 18, It was reported that a month-long drought ravaged Central America. Honduras lost 80% of its basic grains, El Salvador lost 80% of grains in its eastern provinces, Nicaragua lost 50% and Guatemala lost 80% of its beans in the eastern provinces. Hundreds of thousands of peasants were affected.
    (SFC, 8/18/01, p.A1)

2001        In Guatemala Armando Llort testified in 2011 at an embezzlement trial of Alfonso Portillo that in 2001 he passed three loads of 30 million quetzales ($3.5 million) apiece from the bank to the head of Pres. Portillo's security detail, who took the money away in an armored car.
    (AP, 2/24/11)

2002        Jan 9, In Guatemala City the interior minister fired the civil police chief and replaced him with Luis Arturo Paniagua, chief of the military academy from 1980-1993.
    (SFC, 1/10/02, p.A7)

2002        Feb 10-11, A 2,100 foot stretch of lava flowed down from Volcano del Fuego near Antigua.
    (SFC, 2/16/02, p.A26)

2002        May 21, It was reported that scientists in Guatemala had found the source of jade deposits used by the Olmecs and Mayans.
    (SFC, 5/22/02, p.A2)

2002        Jun 10, Economic Minister Arturo Montenegro unveiled a sweeping economic stimulus package Monday designed to double the country's 3 percent annual growth rate.
    (AP, 6/10/02)

2002        Jun 15, In Guatemala despite accusations that he oversaw massacres in the 1980s and corruption scandals in the 1990s, durable former dictator Efrain Rios Montt won yet another term as leader of the ruling party.
    (AP, 6/15/02)

2002        Jun 17, In northern Guatemala about 8,000 ex-paramilitary fighters, wielding machetes and clubs, blocked roads, demanding payment from the government for their services during the country's 36-year guerrilla war. They were disbanded in 1996.
    (AP, 6/17/02)(SFC, 6/18/02, p.A9)

2002        Jul 19, In eastern Guatemala a passenger bus slammed head-on into a semi truck, killing 16 people.
    (AP, 7/19/02)

2002        Jul 29, Pope John Paul II arrived in Guatemala. Thousands of young people packed into a soccer stadium and spent the night waving candles and chanting "John Paul II, Guatemala loves you.
    (AP, 7/30/02)

2002        Jul 30, In Guatemala City Pope John Paul II canonized his 463rd saint, Pedro de San Jose Betancur, a 17th century Spanish missionary and Central America's first saint.
    (SFC, 7/31/02, p.A2)(AP, 7/30/07)

2002        Aug 6, Surgeons in LA completed a 22-hour operation on Guatemalan twins, Maria de Jesus Quiej Alvarez and sister Maria Teresa, joined at their heads. UCLA doctors donated their services in the $1.5 million operation. They returned to Guatemala Jan 13, 2003.
    (SFC, 8/7/02, p.A1)(SFC, 8/8/02, p.A3)(SFC, 2/7/03, p.A12)

2002        Sep 1, President Alfonso Portillo announced plans to cut the size of Guatemala's armed forces by 20% and convert the extra military installations into schools.
    (AP, 9/1/02)

2002        Sep 8, In Guatemala local media reported that anthropologists digging under a school in Rabinal, in Guatemala's northern highlands, had unearthed the remains of 47 people killed during the country's 1960-1996 civil war.
    (AP, 9/8/02)

2002        Sep 9, In El Salvador a small plane crashed into the slopes of a mountain, killing four prominent Guatemala businessmen and the pilot.
    (AP, 9/9/02)

2002        Sep 12, In western Guatemala heavy rains loosened a mountainside, burying about 30 homes and killing at least 17 people. Officials said that nearly two dozen others were missing.
    (AP, 9/13/02)

2002        Sep 11, The Guatemala Congress enacted a law that prohibited racial discrimination.
    (SFC, 9/13/02, p.A11)

2002        Sep 13, In Guatemala Miguel Angel Orozco (33), a policeman who had shot a woman, was seized and burned to death by an angry mob in Coatepeque. Radio stations quoted witnesses as saying Orozco had been drunk at the time.
    (AP, 9/14/02)

2002        Sep 17, The foreign secretaries of Belize and Guatemala announced a proposed border settlement in their countries. The proposal retains the border between the two countries established in a 1959 treaty, which Guatemala has rejected, and suggests a series of measures aimed at sharing resources.
    (AP, 9/19/02)

2002        Sep 29, In Guatemala a bus carrying at least 45 passengers plunged into the Selegua River, and 23 of them drowned.
    (AP, 9/30/02)(AP, 10/3/02)

2002        Oct 3, In Guatemala Col. Juan Valencia was found guilty of ordering the killing of human rights activist Myrna Mack in 1990 and sentenced to a maximum 30 years in prison. But two other military officials were acquitted.
    (AP, 10/4/02)

2002        Dec 24, A brutal riot by prisoners in a jail outside Guatemala's capital left 18 inmates dead over two days, including one person by decapitation and 14 others who were burned to death.
    (AP, 12/25/02)

2002        Richard Hansen, part-time archeologist and Idaho potato farmer, persuaded Pres. Alfonso Portillo to declare the Mayan site of El Mirador a protected area. Hansen hoped to help create a 525,000–acre Mayan national park.
    (WSJ, 11/12/05, p.A1)

2002        In Guatemala anti-drug forces led a bloody raid on Chocon, a corn-growing village. 2 locals were killed but no drug seizures were made. In 2003 16 members of the drug force were sentenced to 25 years in prison for the violent raid.
    (AP, 4/10/03)

2003        Jan 26, In Guatemala a security guard opened fire with a shotgun at thousands of people gathered for a political convention of the National Union of Hope party. Isaias Caal Ichich wounded 5 people.
    (AP, 1/27/03)

2003        Feb 8, Augusto Monterosso (81), Honduras-born Guatemalan writer, died in Mexico City. His work included “Perpetual Movement” (1972); “The Letter E: Fragments of a Diary” (1987); and “The Magic Word” (1983).
    (SFC, 2/10/03, p.B5)

2003        Feb 12, A bloody prison riot near Guatemala City left at least 6 inmates dead, and a man convicted in the high-profile murder case of Roman Catholic Bishop Juan Gerardi was among the dead.
    (AP, 2/13/03)

2003         Feb 26, In Guatemala striking teachers seized a pumping station on the nation’s only oil pipeline to press their demands for a hefty wage increase and better schools. About 60,000 of the country’s 80,000 teachers are striking to demand a near-doubling of salaries that now range from about $190 to $390 per month. They also seek improved school buildings, more books and better school lunches.
    (AP, 2/27/03)

2003        Apr 2, Guatemala City police raided the house of a suspected drug lord and found $14 million in cash.
    (SFC, 4/4/03, p.A18)

2003        Apr 23, A mudslide in western Guatemala killed seven people and left more than a dozen missing.
    (AP, 4/24/03)

2003        Jul 24, In Guatemala protesters demanding that former dictator Rios Montt be allowed to run for president touched off a wave of violence that paralyzed the capital.
    (AP, 7/25/03)

2003        Jul 30, Guatemala's highest court cleared the way for former dictator Efrain Rios Montt to run for president.
    (AP, 7/30/03)

2003        Sep 4, Mario Monteforte Toledo, Guatemalan writer and activist, died. His work included the 1952 novel "En Donde Acaban los Caminos" (Where the Roads End).
    (SFC, 9/5/03, p.A23)

2003        Oct 26, In Guatemala 4 journalists from the Prensa Libre newspaper were seized by ex-paramilitary members and apparently were being held to press the group's demand that the government pay them wages for their service in the 1980s.
    (AP, 10/26/03)

2003        Oct 28, Former Guatemala paramilitary fighters released four journalists and three other hostages after the government promised to pay the ex-soldiers for their services during the 36-year civil war.
    (AP, 10/28/03)

203        Nov 9, Guatemala held presidential elections. Polls showed that former Guatemala City Mayor Oscar Berger (57) was statistically tied with center-left engineer Alvaro Colom (52).
    (AP, 11/7/03)

2003        Nov 10, With 20 percent of the vote counted, former Guatemala City Mayor Oscar Berger had 47.6 percent of the vote compared with 26.4 percent for center-left candidate Alvaro Colom and 11.2 percent for retired Gen. Efrain Rios Montt.
    (AP, 11/10/03)

2003        Nov 28, AIDS in Guatemala was reported to kill an estimated 10 people a day.
    (SFC, 11/28/03, p.C2)

2003        Dec 6, Guatemala former president and Gen. Carlos Arana Osorio (85), a hard-line conservative who ruled from 1970 to 1974, died in a Guatemala City military hospital.
    (AP, 12/6/03)

2003        Dec 7, Former Guatemala Pres. Arnoldo Aleman, dogged by corruption allegations for years, was convicted of embezzling millions of dollars from his impoverished country and sentenced to 20 years in prison.
    (AP, 12/8/03)

2003        Dec 17, The Bush administration reached a free-trade deal with El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua for immediate duty-free access to half of all US farm exports and 80% of consumer goods.
    (WSJ, 12/18/03, p.A1)

2003        Dec 28, Guatemala's presidential polls opened in a runoff featuring a former Guatemala City mayor popular with the country's elite facing an engineer backed by former leftist rebels.
    (AP, 12/28/03)

2003        Dec 29, Oscar Berger, the pro-business former mayor of Guatemala City won an easy victory in the presidential run-off, four years after he left politics and swore he would never come back. Berger won 54% vs. 46% for Alvaro Colom.
    (AP, 12/29/03)(Econ, 1/3/04, p.24)

2003        Dec, Jane Fonda traveled to Guatemala to attract media attention to the cases of over 700 women slain since 2001. Legal investigations had only produced 32 arrests and 11 convictions.
    (SFC, 12/30/03, p.E1)

2004        Jan 7, Guatemala signed an accord to let UN prosecutors handle organized crime and human-rights cases.
    (AP, 1/8/04)(WSJ, 1/8/04, p.A1)
2004        Jan 7, In southwestern Guatemala men with automatic weapons hijacked a minibus carrying 13 American tourists, killing one passenger. In 2005 Henry Giovanny Vicente (27), and Marvin Sebastian Berganza (29) were convicted by a 3-judge panel of being accomplices in the killing of Brett Richards, a 52-year-old architect from Ogden, Utah, who died during a confrontation with bandits who hijacked a bus of Mormon tourists visiting Mayan ruins.
    (AP, 1/8/04)(WSJ, 1/8/04, p.A1)(AP, 11/30/05)

2004        Jan 8, A Guatemalan court ordered the government to stop providing back pay to members of civilian defense patrols for their services in the 36-year civil war.
    (AP, 1/9/04)

2004        Jan 14, Rios Montt lost his parliamentary immunity when he had to give up his seat as president of the Guatemalan Congress.
    (WPR, 3/04, p.26)

2004        Jan 17, In Guatemala Nobel Peace Prize winner Rigoberta Menchu said she will become one of new President Oscar Berger's top officials in charge of monitoring adherence to the U.N.-brokered peace accords that ended 36 years of civil war.
    (AP, 1/18/04)

2004        Jan 31, Pres. Oscar Berger said Guatemala will distribute 970 tons of food to some 77,000 people in a bid to alleviate hunger in poverty-stricken towns.
    (AP, 1/31/04)

2004        Mar 3, Guatemala's Congress fired Oscar Dubon, the government's chief accountant, after he fled the country amid allegations of political corruption.
    (AP, 3/4/04)

2004        Mar 18, In northeast Guatemala a bus collided with a tractor-trailer, killing at least 14 people.
    (AP, 3/19/04)

2004        Apr 1, Pres. Oscar Berger said Guatemala will cut its army in half and slash the military budget to comply with peace accords that ended a 36-year civil war.
    (AP, 4/1/04)

2004        Apr 21, Otto Herrera (39), a Guatemalan man described by U.S. authorities as Central America's most-wanted drug smuggler, was captured by Mexican agents at Mexico City's Juarez Int'l. Airport. Mexico made the arrest at the request of U.S. authorities who had offered a $5 million reward for his capture.
    (AP, 4/22/04)

2004        Apr 22, Guatemala Pres. Oscar Berger joined the heads of Congress and the Supreme Court in publicly acknowledging government responsibility in the 1990 killing of human rights leader Myrna Mack.
    (AP, 4/22/04)

2004        May 28, US officials and 5 Central American countries (Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua) signed a free trade pact (CAFTA), to be later approved by Congress. The Dominican Republic would be included later.
    (SFC, 5/29/04, p.A4)

2004        Jul 28, Francisco Reyes, former Guatemalan vice president (2000-2004), was arrested on charges of illegally taking over a government property worth $2.4 million.
    (AP, 7/29/04)

2004        Jul 31, In Guatemala the number of murders for the year reached close to 2,000.
    (Econ, 7/31/04, p.32)

2004        Aug 31, In southern Guatemala landless farm workers resisted police attempts to remove them from a farm they had occupied and at least four police officers and three farmers died in the battle.
    (AP, 8/31/04)

2004        Sep 7, Hundreds of angry farmers seized Guatemala's largest hydroelectric dam, threatening to shut off power to large parts of the country unless the government agrees to return nearby lands to them.
    (AP, 9/7/04)

2004        Dec 3, In western Guatemala 2 buses collided head-on along a mountain highway, and one toppled into a nearby ravine, killing 21 people and injuring at least 20.
    (AP, 12/4/04)

2004        Dec 10, President Oscar Berger said Guatemalan academics will create a university dedicated to rescuing and developing the ancient knowledge of the country's Mayan cultures.
    (AP, 12/10/04)

2004        In Guatemala 527 women were murdered. Methods used in the murders were reminiscent of those employed against the guerrillas and the residents of rural indigenous villages during the 1960-1996 civil war.
    (IPS, 6/22/05)

2005        Feb 4, Guatemala's highest court said it cannot try soldiers charged with participating in a wartime massacre of more than 300 civilians until a separate court determines if the country's postwar reconciliation law bars such prosecution.
    (AP, 2/4/05)

2005        Mar 1, In Guatemala City some 8,000 protesters, most of them teachers, demonstrated in the capital against a pending free-trade agreement between Central America and the US.
    (AP, 3/2/05)

2005        Mar 3, The seven Central American nations (Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama) agreed to create a rapid-response force to combat drug trafficking, terrorism and other regional threats.
    (AP, 3/3/05)

2005        Mar 8, In Guatemala City hundreds of protesters blocked lawmakers from voting on a free-trade agreement between Central America and the US and authorities said they were prepared to send troops if the demonstrations continued.
    (AP, 3/8/05)

2005        Mar 14, Protesters across Guatemala denounced a regional free trade deal with the US closed schools, blocked highways and clashed with police in confrontations that left 19 people injured and two arrested.
    (AP, 3/14/05)

2005        Mar 24, Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld announced the US will  release $3.2 million in aid to Guatemala for its progress in overhauling a military once blamed for human rights abuses.
    (AP, 3/24/05)

2005        Mar 31, A UNESCO team arrived in Guatemala to push forward the candidature process  of El Mirador archaeological site as a World Heritage Site. In the spring Pres. Oscar Berger repealed a 2002 decree by Pres. Alfonso Portillo declaring the Mayan site of El Mirador a protected area.
    (WSJ, 11/12/05, p.A5)(http://tinyurl.com/beeku)

2005        Apr 25, In San Pedro Sacatepequez, Guatemala, gunmen killed Jose Victor Bautista Orozco, a judge who ruled on drug smuggling cases, shooting him as he left his home for work.
    (AP, 4/26/05)

2005        May 20, In Guatemala an angry mob in the remote settlement of Cruz Chich set fire to 6 people accused of forming a band of robbers, killing 4 as authorities tried to stop the violence.
    (AP, 5/23/05)

2005        Jun 15, In Guatemala a rain-sodden hillside gave way and buried houses in seven neighborhoods of a rural town, killing at least 21 people.
    (AP, 6/16/05)

2005        Jun 18, In Guatemala huge explosions rocked a weapons storehouse on a military base north of Guatemala City. There were no casualties.
    (AP, 6/19/05)

2005        Jun 30, In Honduras Central American leaders agreed to create a regional special forces unit to fight drug trafficking, gang violence and terrorism within their borders. The 2-day regional meeting included the presidents of Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, Nicaragua, and Panama.
    (AP, 6/30/05)

2005        Jun, In Guatemala City police files were discovered by human rights prosecutors while they searched for explosives in a musty police building. The new files were expected to shed light on details of the abuses and possibly help relatives learn what happened to some of the estimated 40,000 people who disappeared during the war, most between 1975-85.
    (AP, 12/07/05)

2005        Jul 18, Under orders from an international court, Guatemala apologized for the government-directed massacre of 226 people in Plan de Sanchez on July 18, 1982.
    (AP, 7/19/05)

2005        Jul 19, In Guatemala a judge issued an arrest warrant for former President Alfonso Portillo (2000-2004) in connection with the alleged misuse of millions of dollars during his tenure. Portillo, who fled to Mexico, is accused of authorizing the transfer of $16 million from the finance department to the defense department, where investigators allege much of it was converted to cash and pocketed by officials close to Portillo.
    (AP, 7/19/05)

2005        Aug 15, Near-simultaneous attacks and riots at 7 Guatemalan prisons left 31 inmates dead. They showed the organizational power of Central America's gangs, whose members communicate between prisons through cell phones and visitors.
    (AP, 8/16/05)

2005        Sep 6, Dominican Republic legislators overwhelmingly approved a free-trade agreement with the US and five Central American countries, rejecting arguments that the pact would devastate the domestic sugar industry. The other five countries are Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua. Costa Rica and Nicaragua had not yet ratified the pact.
    (AP, 9/6/05)

2005        Sep 8, El Salvador said that “Operation International” simultaneous raids this week in El Salvador, the US, Honduras, Guatemala, and Mexico netted 660 dangerous gang members.
    (AP, 9/9/05)

2005        Sep 10, In Mexico 7 Guatemala men were caught near the Guatemalan border with six large-caliber rifles and 1,600 rounds of ammunition. They faced charges of weapons trafficking.
    (AP, 9/30/05)

2005        Sep 19, In Guatemala gang members armed with guns and grenades burst inside a youth prison and slaughtered 12 inmates, leaving behind a gruesome, bloody scene. Members of the Mara Salvatrucha launched a well-organized attack on imprisoned members of the rival Mara 18 gang as they slept at Etapa II, or Phase II prison.
    (AP, 9/20/05)

2005        Oct 5, Hurricane Stan knocked down trees, ripped roofs off homes and washed out bridges in southeastern Mexico, but it was the storms it helped spawn that were far more destructive, killing more than 65 people in Central America. Officials in El Salvador said 49 people had been killed, mostly due to two days of mudslides sparked by rains. 9 people died in Nicaragua, including six migrants believed to be Ecuadorians killed in a boat accident. Four deaths were reported in Honduras, three in Guatemala and one in Costa Rica.
    (AP, 10/5/05)

2005        Oct 6-2005 Oct 8, In Guatemala rescue workers searched for victims of a mudslide near Lake Atitlan, a volcano-ringed lake popular with tourists. Panabaj and Tzanchaz were entombed by a mudflow half a mile wide. The death toll in the region from flooding sparked by Hurricane Stan soon climbed to 617 with 42 dead in Mexico, 72 dead in El Salvador and 11 dead in Nicaragua.
    (SFC, 10/7/05, p.A3)(AP, 10/9/05)(Econ, 10/15/05, p.43)

2005        Oct 9, A frantic search for about 1,400 people believed to be buried alive by a mudslide in the Maya village of Panabaj, Guatemala, was continuing as the death toll from massive floods throughout Central America and Mexico rose to a staggering 618.
    (AFP, 10/9/05)(WSJ, 10/11/05, p.A1)

2005        Oct 10, Guatemalan officials said they would abandon communities buried by landslides and declare them mass graveyards as reports of devastation trickled in from some of the more than 100 communities cut off from the outside world after killer mudslides.
    (AP, 10/10/05)

2005        Oct 13, Authorities said the number of people missing in Guatemala after last week's flooding and mudslides rose to 828, while the confirmed death toll held steady at 654.
    (AP, 10/13/05)

2005        Oct 22, At least 20 Guatemalan inmates considered to be extremely dangerous escaped from a high-security prison through a tunnel 50 miles south of Guatemala City.
    (AP, 10/23/05)

2005        Oct 29, In Guatemala City a group of gang members opened fire on a prison truck, killing two guards as they were leaving work at the end of their shift and wounding a third.
    (AP, 10/29/05)

2005        Nov 6, Adan Castillo, Guatemala's top anti-narcotics investigator, said he plans to step down in December, after just six months on the job. Castillo said his country's anti-drug agents are no match for some 4,000 smugglers operating in Guatemala.
    (AP, 11/6/05)

2005        Nov 15, Guatemala police found five packages of cocaine and thousands of dollars in cash in the office of Adam Castillo, the country’s top anti-drug cop, shortly after he was lured to America and arrested on charges of conspiring to ship cocaine into the US. Deputies Jorge Aguilar Garcia and Rubilio Palacios were arrested with Castillo.
    (AP, 11/17/05)

2005        Dec 14, The US deported Junior Vinicio Abadio Carrillo (32), the son of Guatemala's former tax chief, to face charges of embezzling millions of public dollars.
    (AP, 12/15/05)

2005        In Guatemala 624 women were murdered this year up from 213 in 2000.
    (Econ, 11/18/06, p.42)

2006        Jan 1, The Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) failed to start due to legal and regulatory reforms. Juan Carlos Paiz of the Guatemalan Union of Nontraditional Products blamed the US in large part for the delay, saying Washington was requiring too much of its poorer partners. The 6 participating nations included, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Honduras, Guatemala and Nicaragua,
    (AP, 1/1/06)

2006        Jan 23, Ugandan rebels killed eight Guatemalan peacekeepers in Congo in an ambush near the border with Sudan. The gunbattle also left 15 attackers dead.
    (AP, 1/23/06)

2006        Feb 2, Guatemalan police said they have arrested 7 Christian fundamentalist vigilantes who extorted travelers and may have killed five people they believed were criminals.
    (AP, 2/2/06)

2006        Mar 30, In western Guatemala 4 people were killed and 12 others were injured in an explosion at a home-based fireworks factory.
    (AP, 3/30/06)

2006        Apr 3, In western Guatemala 4 young men accused of trying to rob a school were whipped by their parents in a sentence dictated by Mayan elders.
    (AP, 4/3/06)

2006        Apr 6, In Guatemala Mario Pivaral, an opposition congressman, was shot to death as he stepped out of his party's headquarters, the 2nd lawmaker assassinated in the past two years.
    (AP, 4/6/06)

2006        Apr 19, In Guatemala a mob burned a man and a woman to death after accusing them of several child abductions in the predominantly Mayan town of Sumpango, where residents have long claimed youngsters are snatched and the police do nothing.
    (AP, 4/19/06)

2006        Apr, Archeologists unearthed a major Maya Indian royal burial site in the Guatemalan jungle, discovering jade jewelry and a jaguar pelt from more than 1,500 years ago. The tomb, found by archeologist Hector Escobedo contained a king of the El Peru Waka city.
    (Reuters, 5/4/06)

2006        May 27, Romeo Lucas Garcia (81), former Guatemalan President (1978-1982), died in Venezuela. His rule was marked by a bloody police raid on the Spanish Embassy.
    (AP, 5/28/06)

2006        Jun 30, A US free-trade agreement with Guatemala took effect.
    (SFC, 7/1/06, p.A3)

2006        Jul 7, A Spanish judge charged two former Guatemalan dictators with genocide and issued international warrants for their arrest. National Court Judge Santiago Pedraz issued warrants on charges of genocide, torture, terrorism and illegal detention against Gen. Efrain Rios Montt, Gen. Oscar Humberto Mejia Victores and six other men.
    (AP, 7/7/06)

2006        Jul 11, Central American presidents agreed on a plan to ease border controls and install a common customs system on the way to negotiating an eventual free-trade agreement with the EU. The agreement signed by Panama, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Nicaragua, El Salvador, Honduras and Belize would allow residents to cross borders without passports or visas.
    (AP, 7/11/06)

2006        Aug 28, Gunmen opened fire with assault rifles in a Guatemala pool hall, killing eight people including a 17-year-old boy. The attack occurred in the poor Guatemala City suburb of Ciudad Quetzal.
    (AP, 8/29/06)

2006        Sep 7, Gunmen held up a truck in a restricted area of Guatemala City's international airport and made off with $8 million of $22 million that was to be shipped from the Bank of Guatemala to the U.S. Federal Reserve.
    (AP, 9/7/06)

2006        Sep 25, Guatemalan security forces took over the Pavon prison farm, which had been controlled for more than 10 years by inmates who produced drugs, lived in spacious homes with luxury goods and even rented space for stores and restaurants. 7 prisoners died when 3,000 police and soldiers firing automatic weapons stormed the prison just after dawn.
    (Reuters, 9/25/06)(AP, 11/14/10)

2006        Oct 8, In northern Guatemala an overcrowded passenger bus driving in heavy rain plunged off a cliff, killing at least 34 people.
    (AP, 10/9/06)

2006        Oct 16, Guatemala topped Venezuela in the first round of voting for a UN Security Council seat, but it failed to get the necessary two-thirds majority to win a two-year term on the decision-making body. The 192-nation General Assembly elected South Africa, Indonesia, Italy and Belgium for the four other open seats in a secret ballot. 10 rounds of voting failed to anoint a winner to fill the spot reserved for Latin America.
    (AP, 10/16/06)(AP, 10/17/06)

2006        Nov 1, Venezuela and US-backed Guatemala agreed to withdraw from the race and support Panama, a compromise reached after voting in the UN General Assembly dragged through 47 rounds of balloting.
    (AP, 11/2/06)

2006        Nov 3, In Guatemala toddler Anyeli Hernandez Rodriguez (b.2004) was snatched. She was later adopted by a Missouri couple. As of 2012 the US would not return the girl because the two countries only signed the Hague Abduction Convention on Jan 1, 2008. The girl left Guatemala on Dec. 9, 2008.
    (SFC, 5/15/12, p.A2)(http://tinyurl.com/btkmzc6)

2006        Nov 20, In Guatemala City an enormous fire broke out at Central America's largest open-air market killing 15 people, including three minors.
    (AP, 11/21/06)

2006        Dec 12, A UN-backed commission, the Int’l. Commission Against Impunity in Guatemala (CICIG), was established to investigate rampant organized crime in Guatemala, which authorities said has become a key point of transit for smugglers bringing drugs into the US.
    (AP, 12/12/06)(Econ, 3/13/10, p.39)

2006        Dec 24, In Guatemala 80 residents of a drug and alcohol treatment center escaped and 13 others were injured in a rebellion that started when patients were told they could not leave to celebrate Christmas.
    (AP, 12/24/06)

2006        Pentecostalism was reported to be sweeping across Guatemala.
    (Econ, 12/23/06, p.49)
2006        In Guatemala the police force numbered some 20,000 officers with the population at around 13 million. 1.5% of the country’s farmers owned 62.5% of the farmland.
    (Econ, 11/18/06, p.42)
2006        In Guatemala nearly 600 women were killed this year. The murder rate for the year was 47 per 100,000 people, the second highest in the Americas.
    (SSFC, 3/25/07, p.E3)(Econ, 9/8/07, p.40)

2007        Jan 14, Guatemala's Pres. Oscar Berger declined to read his state-of-the nation speech to Congress, instead sending a written version to lawmakers after violent clashes erupted between protesting teachers and police outside the legislative building.
    (AP, 1/15/07)

2007        Jan 26, Inmates rioted at a prison on the outskirts of Guatemala City, leaving at least one person dead before 3,000 riot police and soldiers stormed the penitentiary.
    (AP, 1/26/07)

2007        Feb 12, In Guatemala Rigoberta Menchu, Nobel Peace Prize winner, announced the formation of an Indian-led political movement whose primary aim is to back her probable bid for the presidency this fall.
    (AP, 2/13/07)

2007        Feb 19, Police found the charred bodies of three Salvadoran representatives to the Central American Parliament and their driver on a rural road outside Guatemala City.
    (AP, 2/20/07)

2007        Feb 21, Nobel Peace Prize winner Rigoberta Menchu announced that she will run for the presidency of Guatemala in the country's September elections, a move likely fuel talk about an Indian resurgence in Latin American politics.
    (AP, 2/21/07)

2007        Feb 22, In Guatemala a top police official and three other officers were arrested in the killings of three Central American Parliament members, including the son of the alleged founder of El Salvador's death squads.
    (AP, 2/23/07)

2007        Feb 23, In Guatemala a 330-foot-deep sinkhole killed two teenage siblings when it swallowed about a dozen homes and forced the evacuation of nearly 1,000 people in a crowded Guatemala City neighborhood. A 3rd body was found the next day.
    (AP, 2/24/07)

2007        Feb 25, Four imprisoned Guatemalan policemen were killed in their cells, days after being arrested in connection with the deaths of three Salvadoran politicians. Rioting inmates also took the warden and other prison officials hostage.
    (AP, 2/26/07)

2007        Feb 28, The fifth of six former Guatemalan police officers suspected in the killings of three Salvadoran politicians and their driver turned himself. Prosecutors said the ex-officer allegedly bought the gasoline used to burn the victims.
    (AP, 2/28/07)

2007        Mar 6, Guatemala's president ordered the national police to clean out corrupt officers and upgrade training after six members of the force were accused of killing three Central American Parliament members.
    (AP, 3/6/07)

2007        Mar 17, Officials in Guatemala City said China is seeking to join the Inter-American Development Bank, Latin America's largest financing institution, as a way to fuel its economic development and increase its influence in the region.
    (AP, 3/18/07)

2007        Mar 20, Guatemala police arrested 4 people on suspicion of being among those who orchestrated the killings of three Salvadoran politicians and their driver in Feb 19.
    (AP, 3/21/07)

2007        Mar 21, In Guatemala a top human rights official said a newly created international council of experts will oversee and protect extensive police archives exposing atrocities committed during Guatemala's 36-year civil war.
    (AP, 3/21/07)

2007        Mar 26, Guatemala's interior minister resigned in the wake of a scandal over police investigators' alleged involvement in the grisly murder of three Salvadoran politicians last month. Rioting gang members fired dozens of gunshots, killing three inmates, and took two guards and two food service workers hostage in a southern Guatemala prison.
    (AP, 3/26/07)(AP, 3/27/07)

2007        Mar 27, Guatemala named Adela Camacho de Torrebiarte (57), an anti-crime crusader, as its first female interior minister.
    (AP, 3/27/07)

2007        May 22, Guatemala ratified the Hague Convention on Intercountry Adoptions, an international adoption treaty, committing to bring adoptions under government regulation and make sure babies are not bought or stolen.
    (AP, 5/23/07)

2007        May 27, The inaugural sermon was held at Mega Frater, Central America's biggest church. The new center of the Fraternidad Cristiana, a Neo-Pentecostal church based in the Guatemalan City, includes an auditorium that seats 12,500, a seven-story parking tower topped with a helipad and a day-care center for 3,000 kids.
    (www.freerepublic.com/focus/keyword?k=Guatemala)

2007        Jun 13, A magnitude 6.8 earthquake hit Guatemala, but casualties appeared light.
    (WSJ, 6/14/07, p.A1)

2007        Jun 15, In Guatemala villagers in Muyurco killed a woman and attacked two others after accusing them of kidnapping a 9-year-old girl who was later found dead.
    (AP, 6/17/07)

2007        Jul 2, About 1,500 residents of a remote Guatemalan village rioted over the purported kidnappings of two children, burning down a police station and holding their mayor and another man hostage.
    (AP, 7/2/07)

2007        Jul 10, Railroad Development Corp., a Pittsburgh-based railroad company under Henry Posner III, planned to shut down Guatemala's only train service after years of fighting thieves, squatters and government-backed lawsuits. Posner expected to take his case to int’l. arbitration under CAFTA with a demand for $65 million in lost revenues and investments.
    (AP, 7/10/07)(WSJ, 1/23/07, p.A14)

2007        Jul 18, Guatemalan police rescued a two-month-old boy who had been stolen from his home and arrested four people who were allegedly preparing the baby for illegal adoption.
    (AP, 7/18/07)

2007        Aug 1, Guatemala's Congress voted to create a commission of foreign experts to investigate organized crime and police corruption.
    (AP, 8/1/07)

2007        Aug 11, In Guatemala 46 children believed abducted or coerced from their parents were rescued from Casa Quivira, an adoption home catering to foreigners run by Clifford Phillips of Deland, Fla., and his Guatemalan wife and attorney, Sandra Gonzalez.
    (AP, 8/12/07)

2007        Aug 19, US Customs seized a submarine-like vessel filled with hundreds of millions of dollars worth of cocaine off the Guatemalan coast.
    (AP, 8/23/07)

2007        Sep 5, In Guatemala 2 candidates from Nobel Laureate and presidential hopeful Rigoberta Menchu's political party were shot dead amid a wave of campaign-related violence that has claimed about 50 lives.
    (AP, 9/5/07)

2007        Sep 9, Guatemala held presidential elections. Front runners Alvaro Colom, candidate of the center left National Unity of Hope party, and Otto Perez Molina, of the conservative Patriotic Party, were virtually tied in recent polls. The 2 candidates faced a presidential runoff in November after a close first-round vote.
    (SSFC, 9/9/07, p.A1)(AP, 9/10/07)

2007        Oct 8, In Guatemala City the security guard and secretary of Otto Perez, the leading presidential candidate, were shot and killed. Perez blamed organized crime.
    (SFC, 10/9/07, p.A3)

2007        Oct 16, A boat from Guatemala with over 20 migrants capsized. Mexican authorities by the end of the week recovered the bodies of 15 migrants. The vessel was believed to be carrying more than 20 people. There were 2 survivors.
    (AP, 10/21/07)

2007        Nov 4, In Guatemala Alvaro Colom, a businessman promising to end Guatemala's desperate poverty, won the country's presidential election. Otto Perez Molina (56), a former general vowing a crackdown on rampant crime, had held a slim edge in polls over Alvaro Colom. Only 48% of registered voters went to the polls. Colom’s National Union of Hope will control only 52 of 158 seats in Congress.
    (AP, 11/4/07)(Econ, 11/10/07, p.47)

2007        Dec 11, Guatemalan legislators approved a new law that tightens adoptions, while allowing pending cases, mostly involving US couples, to go through without meeting stricter requirements.
    (AP, 12/11/07)

2007        Dec 21, In Guatemala congressman-elect Marco Antonio Xicay (42) of the conservative Patriotic Party was shot to death by unidentified attackers outside the popular Fuentes Georginas resort.
    (AP, 12/22/07)

2007        In Guatemala 56 politicians or party activists were killed during the presidential campaign.
    (Econ, 5/23/09, p.40)

2008        Jan 1, The US and Guatemala formally ratified the Hague Abduction Convention.
    (SFC, 5/15/12, p.A2)

2008        Jan 14, Alvaro Colom (56) was sworn in for a four-year term as president of Guatemala, along with Vice President Rafael Espada, who gave up a decades-long medical career in Texas to return to Guatemala last year as Colom's running mate.
    (AP, 1/14/08)

2008        Feb 5, In Guatemala 5 bus drivers were shot dead, each while driving passengers on different main roads into Guatemala City. 7 more were killed the following day, prompting their colleagues to go on strike for several days.
    (Econ, 3/22/08, p.40)

2008        Feb 22, An angry mob in Guatemala, that took 29 policemen hostage a day earlier, released the officers in exchange for talks with the government on legalizing their lands and possibly dropping charges against a jailed farm leader.
    (AP, 2/22/08)

2008        Feb 25, In Guatemala President Alvaro Colom announced that a new panel will work to declassify military documents that should shed light on killings, torture and other human rights violations during Guatemala's 36-year civil war.
    (AP, 2/25/08)

2008        Feb 29, In Guatemala an overcrowded bus plunged off a highway and rolled into a gully, killing 45 people and injuring 20 more.
    (AP, 3/1/08)

2008        Mar 10, Guatemala's first trial on "forced disappearance" charges began in connection with six civilians who went missing during the nation's 36-year civil war.
    (AP, 3/11/08)

2008        Mar 25, In eastern Guatemala at least nine people were killed and seven wounded in a shootout that is likely tied to drug traffickers. Guatemalan drug boss Juan Jose "Juancho" Leon was summoned by Mexican traffickers for what he was told was business. Instead, dozens of attackers ambushed his entourage with grenades and assault rifles, killing Leon and 10 others in a brazen demonstration of power.
    (AP, 3/25/08)(AP, 7/21/09)

2008        Apr 6, In southern Mexico a truck carrying Central American migrants in a hidden compartment plunged into a reservoir, killing at least eight people. Most of the migrants were believed to be from Guatemala.
    (AP, 4/7/08)

2008        Apr 8, In Guatemala gunmen killed Victor Rivera, a former top government security adviser, a week after he was fired by President Alvaro Colom amid complaints he had become too powerful.
    (AP, 4/8/08)

2008        May 5, Guatemala's attorney general said 2,286 pending foreign adoptions have been placed on hold for at least a month while officials review related paperwork.
    (AP, 5/6/08)

2008        May 7, Rosalina Rivera, the sister of a Guatemalan congressman, was charged with running an illegal adoption ring after police found nine children in her home. Rivera is the sister of congressman Gudy Rivera, president of a congressional committee on minors and family affairs.
    (AP, 5/7/08)

2008        Jun 27, In Guatemala a helicopter crash killed Interior Minister  Vinicio Gomez and three other people.
    (AP, 6/28/08)

2008        Jul 12, President Hugo Chavez said that he is expanding his Venezuela's Petrocaribe oil-supply pact to include Guatemala.
    (AP, 7/13/08)

2008        Aug 9, In northeastern Guatemala robbers armed with machetes hacked a US tourist to death and seriously wounded his wife in an attack aboard the couple's sailboat on Lake Izabal.
    (AP, 8/10/08)

2008        Aug 24, In Guatemala a Cessna Caravan carrying humanitarian workers crashed about 60 miles east of Guatemala City killing 10 people, including five Americans. At least 2 people survived. The plane was headed to a village in the area of El Estor to build homes for CHOICE Humanitarian, a group based in West Jordan, Utah.
    (AP, 8/25/08)

2008        Sep 17, The US Coast Guard intercepted a submarine-like vessel carrying 7 tons of cocaine about 400 miles south of the Mexico-Guatemala border. The Coast Guard sank the vessel after determining it was too unstable to be towed to port.
    (AP, 9/20/08)

2008        Oct 7, Mexico extradited former Guatemalan President Alfonso Portillo (2000-2004) to face corruption charges, and the ex-leader told a judge there is no evidence to support the allegations against him.
    (AP, 10/7/08)

2008        Oct 22, In Guatemala City Abel Giron (29), a layout designer for El Periodico newspaper, died after being struck in the heart with an arrow fired by assailants waiting for him outside his home.
    (AP, 10/22/08)

2008        Nov 8, In Guatemala 15 bodies were found after a bus burned on an unpaved road in a mountain valley about 90 miles (140 kilometers) east of the capital, Guatemala City. The bus had originated in Nicaragua and all the bodies had been shot before being set on fire. On March 31, 2009, Investigators in Guatemala announced that a drug gang was responsible for the grisly killings of 15 Nicaraguans and a Dutch man aboard the bus. In 2010 Juan Carlos Policarpi was convicted sentenced to multiple life terms. Rony Terraza was also convicted and sentenced to three years in prison. Authorities arrested a former police officer in connection with the attack and sought seven more people in the case.
    (AP, 11/10/08)(AP, 4/1/09)(AP, 6/9/10)

2008        Nov 22, A prison fight in Guatemala has left seven inmates dead, including five who were decapitated. The fight in the Pavoncito prison in Guatemala City erupted because inmates were angry over the transfer of a group of alleged gang members from another prison.
    (AP, 11/22/08)
2008        Nov 22, In Guatemala the head of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Malaysia was among three people killed in a boat accident on Lake Atitlan.
    (AP, 11/24/08)

2008        Nov 30, In Guatemala Mexican and Guatemalan drug traffickers, arguing about a horse race in the rural border town of Santa Ana Huista, began a series of gunbattles in which 17 people died.
    (AP, 12/1/08)

2008        Dec 12, In Guatemala a mob  in San Pedro Solom beat and then shot to death five men suspected of kidnapping a 15-year-old girl.
    (AP, 12/12/08)

2009        Jan 4, A northern Guatemala mudslide left at least 37 people dead. At least 50 people were still missing in Aquil Grande.
    (AP, 1/5/09)(AP, 1/6/09)(AP, 1/7/09)

2009        Jan 30, Guatemala's government filed 3,350 criminal complaints accusing former soldiers, paramilitaries and others of human rights violations against more than 5,000 civilians during the country's 1960-1996 civil war.
    (AP, 1/30/09)

2009        Mar 3, Guatemala’s President Alvaro Colom announced that a new government commission will organize and declassify military documents that could shed light on torture, disappearances and other atrocities during Guatemala's 36-year civil war. Inmates at a Guatemalan juvenile prison killed Winter Vidaurre, one of their teachers, during a riot. They removed his heart before police regained control of the prison using tear gas. The prisoners had taken three of their teachers hostage to protest the transfer of several of their fellow inmates to another detention center.
    (AP, 3/3/09)

2009        Mar 26,  In northern Guatemala a hitman training camp for Mexico's infamous Gulf cartel was found, along with 500 grenades. Officials seized six rifles, three motorcycles and several boxes of ammunition during the operation. The hitmen were among those carrying out nearly daily attacks on Guatemalan buses in which the driver is often killed.
    (AP, 3/27/09)

2009        Apr 9, Guatemala banned more than one person from riding on motorcycles in a policy aimed at stamping out attacks by cycle-mounted hit men.
    (AP, 4/9/09)

2009        Apr 25, In Guatemala police announced that they had seized more than 500 grenades, anti-personnel mines, machine guns, 350 kilograms (770 pounds) of cocaine and two armored cars at a warehouse where five anti-drug agents were killed in a shootout the previous day.
    (AP, 4/26/09)

2009        May 8, In Ireland Dr. Yuri Melini (47), a leading Guatemalan environmentalist who recently survived an assassination attempt, won a human rights award for his efforts to stop the rapid growth of mines in his mineral-rich nation. Melini received the annual Front Line Award for Human Rights Defenders at Risk in a Dublin City Hall ceremony.
    (AP, 5/8/09)

2009        May 10, In Guatemala lawyer Rodrigo Rosenberg was shot to death by unidentified assailants while riding his bicycle. The next day a video tape that emerged alleging that if anything happened to him it would be at the behest of Guatemalan Pres. Alvaro Colom with help from Gustavo Alejos," the president's chief of staff, Gregorio Valdez, a businessman, and the approval of Sandra Torres, Pres. Colom’s wife. Rosenberg said on the tape that officials might want to kill him because he represented businessman Khalil Musa, who was killed along with his daughter Marjorie in March. Rosenberg said Musa, who had been named to the board of Guatemala's Rural Development Bank, was killed for refusing to get involved in purported illicit transactions at the bank. On Dec 9 brothers authorities ordered the arrest of Francisco and Jose Valdes Paiz, cousins of Rosenberg, for allegedly ordering the killing of Rosenberg. Eleven people had already been arrested. On Jan 12, 2010, a special international group commissioned by the government said Rosenberg had contacted cousins of his first wife to help him find a hitman to deal with an extortionist, when he really was orchestrating his own slaying amid severe personal problems. On July 15, 2010, a judge convicted and sentenced eight men to prison for Rosenberg’s killing.
    (AP, 5/12/09)(AP, 5/18/09)(Econ, 5/23/09, p.40)(AP, 12/30/09)(AP, 1/12/10)(AP, 7/15/10)

2009        May 14, A small plane crashed into a yard in Guatemala City, reportedly killing six people on board and setting a home on fire near the airport.
    (AP, 5/15/09)

2009        May 17, In Guatemala thousands protested to demand the resignation of President Alvaro Colom over accusations that he ordered a lawyer killed, a scandal threatening the rule of the country's first leftist leader more than 50 years.
    (AP, 5/18/09)

2009        May 18, In Guatemala government opponents submitted 35,000 signatures to demand that Congress start procedures to strip Pres. Colom of immunity from prosecution over allegations that he ordered a lawyer killed.
    (AP, 5/19/09)
2009        May 18, In Guatemala Rev. Lawrence Rosebaugh (74) of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, was shot and killed by masked gunmen who stopped a car carrying him and four other missionaries to a meeting in Playa Grande. He had put an international spotlight on human rights abuses in Brazil in 1977.
    (AP, 5/19/09)

2009        Jun 4, Guatemala's anti-drug prosecutor said that thousands of bullets and grenades that were part of a Mexican drug cartel's weapons cache belong to the Guatemalan army. In the April weapons seizure, police also found eight anti-personnel mines, 11 M60 machine guns, bullet proof vests and two armored cars that investigators say belong to the Zetas, a group of assassins for Mexico's Gulf drug cartel.
    (AP, 6/4/09)

2009        Jun 16, Guatemalan authorities confiscated nearly 10 million pseudoephedrine pills worth $33 million, the country's biggest seizure of the methamphetamine precursor.
    (AP, 6/17/09)

2009        Aug 7, Guatemala's top three police officials were fired after hundreds of pounds  of cocaine allegedly disappeared from a shipment seized by authorities. Interior Minister Raul Velazquez said police made the 1-ton seizure on Aug 6, but when federal prosecutors weighed the drugs, 258 pounds (117 kilograms) were missing.
    (AP, 8/7/09)

2009        Aug 31, A Guatemalan court convicted and sentenced a former paramilitary to 150 years in prison for the forced disappearance of six people who were abducted and presumably killed during the country's civil war. The sentence against Felipe Cusanero represents 25 years for each victim who disappeared between 1982 and 1984 from the village of Choatalum.
    (AP, 9/2/09)

2009        Sep 7, In Guatemala four prison officials were shot to death in three separate attacks that authorities believed were retaliation for a jail crackdown. Officials over the weekend had seized cell phones and moved inmates to different prisons to break up an extortion ring.
    (AP, 9/7/09)

2009        Sep 8, Guatemalan President Alvaro Colom declared "a state of public calamity" to help mobilize funds and resources to confront a food shortage that will affect thousands of families.
    (AP, 9/9/09)

2009        Sep 11, Authorities in Guatemala arrested nine suspects, including five police officers, in the May 10 killing of lawyer Rodrigo Rosenberg, who accused President Alvaro Colom of involvement in his death in a posthumously released video.
    (AP, 9/11/09)

2009        Sep 15, In Guatemala the bullet-ridden bodies of eight men suspected to be drug traffickers were found in a frontier town near the Mexican border.
    (AP, 9/16/09)

2009        Oct 8, In Guatemala a series of attacks on police in Guatemala City killed two officers and wounded three.
    (AP, 10/9/09)

2009        Oct 10, In Guatemala City gunmen opened fire on a patrol car killing one police officer and wounding 3 others. Assailants attacked another squad car hours later in the capital, wounding three officers.
    (AP, 10/12/09)

2009        Oct 30, In Guatemala an assistant to the judge handling the case of a man who blamed his death on Guatemala's president was killed by gunmen. Court employee Mark Monzon died of gunshot wounds in his car.
    (AP, 10/31/09)

2009        Oct 31, In Guatemala gunmen killed one prison guard and wounded four others outside a prison in Guatemala City.
    (AP, 11/1/09)

2009        Nov 20, Guatemalan officials announced the resumption of international adoptions after a nearly two-year suspension prompted by the discovery that some babies were being sold.
    (AP, 11/20/09)

2009        Nov 27, In Guatemala a mob of some 400 residents in Solola burned to death two men and a woman suspected of killing a local bus driver.
    (AP, 11/28/09)

2009        Dec 4, In Guatemala retired Col. Marco Antonio Sanchez was convicted and sentenced to 53 years in prison in the forced disappearance of civilians during Guatemala's civil war. The convictions for the 1981 abductions at the village of El Jute were the first ever under charges of failing to respect the rights of civilians.
    (AP, 12/5/09)

2009        Dec 6, In Guatemala a mob in Panahachel beat a suspected criminal to death and threatened to burn three women who were with the victim. It was Guatemala's fifth vigilante killing in three days.
    (AP, 12/6/09)

2009        Dec 9, In Guatemala former Pres. Kjell Eugenio Laugerud (79) died from complications related to cancer. He is credited with helping rebuild Guatemala after the devastating 1976 earthquake.
    (AP, 12/12/09)

2009        Dec 21, It was reported that gunmen in Guatemala have killed more than 170 bus drivers this year to scare them and transportation companies into paying extortion fees that fuel the country's multimillion-dollar organized crime network.
    (AP, 12/21/09)

2009-2010    Guatemala suffered a severe drought following be sever flooding that together caused losses of $1.5 billion.
    (Econ, 4/16/11, p.28)   

2010        Jan 25, In NYC Alfonso Portillo (b.1951), the former president of Guatemala (2000-2004), was charged with using foreign banks to launder millions of dollars plundered from charity and government coffers. He was charged with embezzling $15.7 million. Portillo’s whereabouts were unknown.
    (SFC, 1/26/10, p.A4)(Econ, 6/19/10, p.42)

2010        Jan 26, Guatemalan police captured ex-President Alfonso Portillo at a beach preparing to flee the country by boat, a day after US authorities charged him with laundering money stolen from foreign donations to buy children's books.
    (AP, 1/26/10)

2010        Feb 5, Guatemalan police say they have destroyed about 1,200 acres (500 hectares) of opium poppies along the border with Mexico. The plants were valued at $950 million.
    (AP, 2/5/10)

2010        Feb 9, In Guatemala Manuel Pop Sun and Reyes Collin Gualip, two former sergeants who belonged to a military squad specializing in counterinsurgency, were arrested for their roles in the 1982 massacre of more than 200 people in the village of Dos Erres in the country's northern Peten region. They were among 17 soldiers in the army's elite Kaibil unit blamed for the bloodshed.
    (AP, 2/12/10)

2010        Feb 28, Guatemalan Pres. Alvaro Colom announced that he has fired Interior Minister Raul Velasquez for alleged corruption and replaced him with Carlos Menocal, a former journalist. Local media said that Velasquez authorized a $6.2 million contract with a private company to buy fuel for police but that the company embezzled the money.
    (AP, 3/1/10)

2010        Mar 2, Guatemalan authorities arrested Nelly Bonilla, the country’s anti-drug czar, Police Chief Baltazar Gomez, and police officer Fernando Carrillo, in a case involving stolen cocaine and slain police.
    (AP, 3/2/10)

2010        Mar 17, A Guatemalan court approved the extradition of former President Alfonso Portillo (2000-2004) to the US to face money laundering charges. He is charged in a New York federal court with embezzling $1.5 million in foreign donations intended to buy school library books in Guatemala. He allegedly endorsed checks drawn from a New York bank and deposited them in a Miami account.
    (AP, 3/18/10)

2010        Mar 29, A Guatemalan judge sentenced a man to two years in prison for his role in the May 10, 2009, killing of lawyer Rodrigo Rosenberg, who accused the country's president of his murder in a video made before his death. Cardona was convicted of illicit association, the first verdict among eight people on trial in the slaying of Rosenberg.
    (AP, 3/30/10)
2010        Mar 29, An American doctor living in Guatemala was convicted of sexually abusing four 10-year-old boys and sentenced to six years in prison. Dr. Joshua T. Kotouc was arrested in 2008 with the four boys in bed.
    (AP, 3/29/10)

2010        Apr 12, In Guatemala Noe Vasquez, the chief of the anti-drug office in the Peten region, was arrested along with 2 other police agents for allegedly passing information to Mexico's Zetas drug gang.
    (AP, 4/13/10)

2010        Apr 15, Police in Guatemala said a 13-year-old boy has confessed to shooting a woman to death for a payment of about $12.50. The boy could face 6 years in a juvenile custody facility if convicted.
    (AP, 4/15/10)

2010        Apr 26, In Guatemala the Santiaguito volcano showered sand and ash over a large western area in an "unusual" and "violent" eruption.
    (AFP, 4/27/10)

2010        May 24, Guatemalan authorities said they will require DNA tests for all babies offered for adoption following allegations of child theft that led the government to impose a two-year freeze on international adoptions.
    (AP, 5/24/10)

2010        May 27, Authorities closed Guatemala's international airport after the nearby Pacaya volcano showered as much as 3 inches (8 centimeters) of ash over parts of the city. A television reporter was killed by a shower of burning rocks when he got too close to the volcano, about 15 miles (25 km) south of Guatemala City.
    (AP, 5/28/10)(AP, 5/29/10)

2010        May 29, Tropical Storm Agatha made landfall near the border of Guatemala and Mexico  with wind speeds of up to 45 mph (75 kph), then weakened into a tropical depression. The  torrential rains in the first tropical storm of the 2010 season triggered deadly landslides. The death toll reached 15 but authorities said the number could rise. In El Salvador rains delivered by Agatha triggered at least 140 landslides throughout the country killing two adults and a 10-year-old child.
    (AP, 5/30/10)
2010        May 29, In Guatemala a cavernous and almost perfectly round sinkhole swallowed an entire intersection in Guatemala City during a tropical storm, spooking people in the neighborhood but exciting geologists. The hole was 66 feet (20m) across and plunged nearly 100 feet (30m) deep.
    (AP, 6/2/10)

2010        May 30, Authorities in Central America struggled to clear roads of debris and reach cut-off communities due to landslides and flooding triggered by Tropical Storm Agatha. The death toll rose to include 165 people in Guatemala; in Honduras at least 18 deaths were linked to the storm; El Salvador President Mauricio Funes warned that the danger had not yet passed and reported 10 deaths.
    (AP, 5/30/10)(AP, 5/31/10)(AP, 6/1/10)(AP, 6/2/10)(AP, 6/6/10)(AP, 6/16/10)

2010        Jun 7, In Guatemala Spaniard Carlos Castresana, the chief of a UN commission responsible for battling corruption and crime in the country, resigned accusing the country of failing to keep up its end of the deal. Castresana said one reason for the resignation was the appointment of Conrado Reyes as Guatemala's attorney general, accusing him of having a history of ties to organized crime.
    (AP, 6/8/10)

2010        Jun 10, Guatemala's Constitutional Court removed the new attorney general amid allegations of corruption. Conrado Reyes denied the allegations, but promised to comply with the court's ruling and cede office.
    (AP, 6/11/10)

2010        Aug 9, in Guatemala 7 of 19 suspects were detained after a court issued arrest warrants for 19 people including a former interior minister and a top police official for allegedly participating in the killing of inmates during a 2005 prison escape and a 2007 uprising. Those arrested included two civilians, two former policeman and an officer still on the force.
    (AP, 8/11/10)

2010        Aug 13, Guatemalan police arrested the former head of the national prison system, accusing him of orchestrating the executions of seven prisoners during a 2006 government raid on an infamous jail. Alejandro Giammattei, in charge of penitentiaries during the previous administration of President Oscar Berger, turned himself over to authorities after trying to seek asylum in the Honduran Embassy this week. On May 10,2011, Judge Patricia Flores ordered the release of Alejandro Giammattei, saying there was not enough evidence to prosecute him.
    (Reuters, 8/14/10)(AP, 5/11/11)

2010        Sep 4, In Guatemala torrential rains from a tropical depression caused mudslides killed at least 48 people, most of them in separate disasters along the same highway.
    (AP, 9/5/10)(AP, 9/6/10)

2010        Sep 5, In southern California 7 people were shot at a house party in Lancaster, including a girl (14) who later died of her wounds. Manuel Jamines, a Guatemalan immigrant, was fatally shot by a Los Angeles police officer. His death led to several days of violent protests. Police and witnesses said Jamines was threatening people with a knife.
    (SFC, 9/6/10, p.A4)(AP, 9/21/10)

2010        Sep 10, A Guatemalan court sentenced 6 Mexicans and 8 Guatemalans, all members of Mexico’s Zetas drug gang, to lengthy prison terms for the killing of 11 people two years ago.
    (http://tinyurl.com/34zmpqn)(Econ, 10/16/10, p.31)

2010        Oct 2, Guatemalan police captured a suspected drug trafficker wanted in the US for cocaine smuggling and seized nearly $2 million in cash that his brother was carrying in two bags. Mauro Ramirez Barrios, alias "The Purple One," was arrested in the southern town of San Bernardino after a four-day search. Ramirez, an alleged lieutenant of Juan Ortiz Lopez, was arrested two weeks after he escaped police during a shootout at a Guatemala City shopping mall that killed two officers.
    (AP, 10/3/10)(AP, 3/31/11)

2010        Nov 23, A Spanish judge ordered Carlos Vielmann, a former Guatemalan interior minister, be freed because authorities in the Central American country failed to request his extradition on charges he ordered the extra-judicial execution of seven inmates. He resigned in 2007 after allegations in one of those cases became known.
    (AP, 11/23/10)

2010        Nov 24, In Guatemala Francisco Dall'Anese, the head of a special UN-backed commission (CICIG) prosecuting high crimes there, accused the government of sabotaging efforts to bring back Carlos Vielmann, a former interior minister, on charges of ordering extrajudicial killings of prison inmates. On Nov 23 a Spanish judge freed Vielmann from prison.
    (AP, 11/24/10)

2010        Nov 28, In Guatemala police found the body of Mercedes Vasquez (27), a professional football player, chopped up and left in five plastic bags in a rural area. A message said the player was killed for "messing with other women." He had been kidnapped a day earlier.
    (AP, 11/28/10)

2010        Dec 1, A Guatemalan ex-congressman, Manuel Castillo, was sentenced to 203 years in prison after being found guilty of ordering the assassination of three Salvadoran representatives to the Central American Parliament and their driver in 2007. Two former police officers and four others were also sentenced to between 99 and 210 years.
    (AP, 12/3/10)

2010        Dec 19, The Guatemalan military declared a state of siege in a northern province that authorities say has been overtaken by Mexican drug traffickers.
    (AP, 12/19/10)

2010        Dec 25, Guatemala captured 4 suspected drug traffickers on top of 18 arrested over the past week, as well as automatic weapons and small planes in a country-wide sweep to crack down on Mexican cartels smuggling drugs through Central America.
    (Reuters, 12/26/10)

2010        Dec 27, In Guatemala men claiming to belong to the Zetas drug gang forced radio stations to broadcast a threat of war in a northern Guatemalan province where the government declared a state of siege last week.
    (AP, 12/28/10)

2011        Jan 3, In Guatemala City 7 people were killed and 15 others injured from a fire inside a passenger bus. Guatemalan authorities soon arrested four members of the Mara 18 street gang, including a woman (19) who police say left the bomb on the bus that was then detonated by cell phone. In the following days 2 more people died of the injuries.
    (AP, 1/3/11)(AFP, 1/4/11)(AP, 1/12/11)

2011        Jan 18, Guatemalan President Alvaro Colom said he is extending a state of siege in a violent province on the border with Mexico that has been taken over by Mexico's brutal Zetas drug gang. A monthlong state of siege that began on Dec. 19 in Alta Verapaz province has been successful but that he'll extend it an extra month.
    (AP, 1/18/11)

2011        Jan, In Guatemala work on Paseo Cayala, an independent city just outside Guatemala City, began. By 2013 developers said they have invested $66 million there to date. Plans included a neo-classical church that seats about 700.
    (AP, 1/8/13)

2011        Feb 8, Mexican soldiers rescued 44 Guatemalan migrants who had been locked up by kidnappers in a house in the northern city of Reynosa. 3 Mexican migrants were also rescued.
    (AP, 2/8/11)

2011        Feb 18, The Guatemalan government lifted a two-month-old state of siege in a northern province that authorities said was controlled by Mexican drug traffickers. Xinabajul soccer club vice president Carlos Noe Gomez was ambushed and shot to death by two men as he left a team meeting.
    (AP, 2/18/11)(AP, 2/20/11)

2011        Mar 8, Guatemala's first lady, Sandra Torres de Colom, announced that she will be the presidential candidate of the governing National Unity for Hope party in the September election.
    (AP, 3/22/11)

2011        Mar 21, Guatemala's first lady, Sandra Torres de Colom, began divorce proceedings ending her eight-year marriage to President Alvaro Colom, so that she can seek to succeed him as president. On April 1 a judge temporarily blocked the divorce proceedings. On April 8 a judge dismissed a suit seeking to block the divorce proceedings, clearing the way for her to run for the presidency.
    (AP, 3/21/11)(AP, 4/3/11)(AP, 4/8/11)

2011        Mar 30, In Guatemala Juan Ortiz Lopez, a reputed top drug trafficker, was captured in a joint operation involving the government and the US Drug Enforcement Administration. A US federal indictment was unsealed in Florida charging Ortiz with two counts of conspiracy to distribute cocaine.
    (AP, 3/31/11)
2011        Mar 30, In Guatemala three men were publicly lynched by a mob after being accused of stealing a truckload of coffee in the town of La Democracia. Police said some 3,000 people were involved in the lynching.
    (AP, 3/31/11)

2011        Mar 31, Guatemala police said some 400 people marched in support of Juan Alberto Ortiz Lopez, a reputed top drug trafficker captured by the government and the US Drug Enforcement Administration. Participant Juan Pablo Mendez said the Ortiz did what the government doesn't, create jobs and support families.
    (AP, 4/1/11)

2011        Apr 1, A Spanish court issued an international arrest warrant seeking the extradition of Jorge Sosa Orantes (53), a former Guatemalan soldier for his alleged part in the massacre in the village of Dos Erres in 1982 in which more than 100 people died. Sosa has been in custody in Canada since January on US charges of lying about his role in Guatemala's war when he applied for American citizenship in 2008.
    (AP, 4/4/11)

2011        Apr 26, Guatemalan authorities said police have arrested Waldemar Lorenzana Lima, a rancher sought by the US government on an extradition warrant for his alleged ties to Mexico's Sinaloa drug cartel.
    (AP, 4/26/11)

2011        May 9, A Guatemalan court acquitted former president Alfonso Portillo on charges of embezzling $15 million in defense funds during his 2000-2004 term of office. He remained in prison facing an extradition request from the United States, on charges of embezzling $1.5 million in foreign donations.
    (AP, 5/10/11)

2011        May 14, In Guatemala Haroldo Leon, the brother of alleged Guatemalan drug boss Juan Jose "Juancho" Leon, was killed in Peten province. "Juancho" Leon was killed in 2008 in an ambush that Guatemalan authorities blame on Mexico's Zetas drug cartel.
    (AP, 5/16/11)

2011        May 15, In northern Guatemala assailants killed at least 29 people, decapitating most of the victims, on a ranch in Caserio La Bomba, Peten province, an area plagued by drug cartels.
    (AP, 5/15/11)

2011        May 16, Guatemala declared a 30-day state of emergency for the northern Peten region following the brutal massacre of 27 people at a cattle ranch. President Alvaro Colom called the killings sadistic and perverse, and said they were the work of a drug gang believed to be part of a group called "Z 200." On Feb 21, 2014, nine men were convicted for the murders. They included 3 Mexican men and six Guatemalans.
    (AP, 5/17/11)(SSFC, 2/23/14, p.A4)

2011        May 20, In Guatemala Hugo Gomez Vasquez, the main suspect in the May 16 drug-cartel massacre of 27 farmworkers and relatives in Peten province, was arraigned on charges including conspiracy to murder and kidnapping.
    (AP, 5/20/11)

2011        May 24, In Guatemala officials found the hacked-up body of an assistant prosecutor along with a message allegedly signed by the Zetas. The interior minister said police have arrested five Mexican members of the Zetas drug cartel who are allegedly linked to the chief suspect in the May 15 massacre of 27 people.
    (AP, 5/24/11)

2011        Jun 9, Guatemalan authorities said they have arrested Hector Bol de la Cruz (70), a former national police chief, for his alleged involvement in the civil-war era disappearance of union activist Edgar Fernando Garcia.
    (SFC, 6/10/11, p.A2)

2011        Jun 17, Guatemalan police arrested retired Gen. Hector Mario Lopez (81), a former military chief of staff in the mass killing of government opponents during the country's 36-year civil war. He was the highest-ranking official yet detained for massacres in the 1980s. Lopez was allegedly involved in about 200 massacres committed while he was chief of staff of the Guatemalan military between 1982 and 1983.
    (AP, 6/17/11)

2011        Jun 22, In Guatemala the World Bank unveiled a billion-dollar plan to fund security measures in Central America, amid other hundred-million-dollar pledges from donors bidding to cut a wave of drug gang-related violence sweeping the region. The announcement came as leaders of Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama attended the Central American Security Conference aiming to curb crime fueled by a spillover from Mexico's war on drug cartels.
    (AFP, 6/22/11)

2011        Jun 23, The Mexican army discovered 117 migrants, mainly from Guatemala and El Salvador, hidden inside a trailer truck in the southern state of Oaxaca.
    (AP, 6/25/11)

2011        Jul 1, Guatemalan villagers beat, shot and stabbed to death five men and a woman they suspected of robbery in a remote mountain village.
    (AP, 7/2/11)

2011        Jul 5, In Guatemala  Fernando Marroquin, a San Jose Pinula mayoral candidate, was arrested in Antigua. His rival Enrique Ovalle was gunned down in a car on June 11. Five days later Enrique Dardon, another mayoral candidate, was shot to death in a barber shop. Ballistic evidence implicating two of Marroquin's workers.
    (AP, 7/6/11)

2011        Jul 9, Argentine singer Facundo Cabral (b.1937), one of Latin America's most admired folk singers, was killed in Guatemala when three carloads of gunmen ambushed the vehicle in which he was riding. By 1970 became internationally known through his song "No soy de aqui ni alla" (I'm Not From Here Nor There). Authorities later said the target of the attack was Nicaraguan businessman Henry Farinas, who was driving the singer to the airport when they were ambushed.
    (AP, 7/9/11)(AP, 7/31/11)

2011        Jul 12, Pedro Pimentel Rios (54), a former member of an elite Guatemalan military force suspected of carrying out a 1982 massacre, was extradited from the United States and was flown on a government-chartered plane to Guatemala and turned over to authorities.
    (AP, 7/12/11)

2011        Aug 2, A Guatemalan court sentenced three former special forces soldiers to 6,060 years in prison each for the Dec 7, 1982, massacre of 201 men, women and children at Dos Erres during the country's civil war. The sentences for Manuel Pop Sun, Reyes Collin Gualip and Daniel Martinez included 30 years for each death, plus 30 years for crimes against humanity. The three men are former members the Guatemalan military's elite Kaibil unit.
    (AP, 8/2/11)

2011        Aug 8, In Guatemala former first lady Sandra Torres’ bid to succeed her ex-husband came to an end when the constitutional court ruled her ineligible to run because of her relationship to the president.
    (AP, 8/9/11)

2011        Sep 2, Officials announced a joint US-Colombian operation against a major trafficker, in which police arrested 30 people and seized 21 small planes that were ferrying cocaine to Central America. Most of the planes were seized this past week in Guatemala and Honduras. Officials also announced a $2.7 million reward for trafficker Daniel "Loco" Barrera.
    (AP, 9/2/11)

2011        Sep 11, Guatemala held presidential elections. Otto Perez Molina, a former military general who softened his image as the "iron fist" to promote social programs and democracy, appeared to be the leading candidate. Preliminary results showed Otto Perez Molina of the Patriot Party with 36 percent support, followed by businessman Manuel Baldizon with 24 percent and Eduardo Suger with 16 percent. Molina and Baldizon faced a November runoff.
    (AP, 9/11/11)(AP, 9/13/11)

2011        Sep 19, In Guatemala 4 earthquakes struck the southeastern part of the country in less than two hours, causing at least one death. At least three people were reported missing.
    (AP, 9/19/11)

2011        Oct 12, Guatemalan prosecutors arrested former Gen. Mauricio Rodriguez, another former army general who was allegedly involved in dozens of massacres of indigenous people during the Central American nation's civil war. He headed the feared G-2 military intelligence force in 1982 and 1983. A truth commission found the G-2 may have participated in as many as 71 operations against civilians.
    (AP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 12, Hurricane Jova slammed into Mexico’s Pacific coast killing 6 people. Farther south, a low-pressure system continued to dump rain on southern Mexico and Central America, where it was blamed for the deaths of 15 people in Guatemala.
    (SFC, 10/13/11, p.A2)(AP, 10/13/11)

2011        Oct 14, Heavy rains generated by a low-pressure system hammered Central America for a third day. Mudslides and swollen rivers have already killed 36 people. At least 21 people have been killed in Guatemala, 6 in Honduras, and 4 in Nicaragua.
    (AP, 10/14/11)

2011        Oct 20, Heavy rains generated by a low-pressure system hammered Central America for 10 days. Mudslides and swollen rivers killed at least 105 people including 38 in Guatemala, 34 in El Salvador, 15 in Honduras, 13 in Nicaragua and 5 in Costa Rica.
    (AP, 10/20/11)

2011        Oct 24, A Guatemalan court sentenced two women to 16 and 21 years in prison for trafficking a stolen baby who was given for adoption to a US family. The girl, Anyeli Liseth Hernandez Rodriguez was born Oct. 1, 2004, and disappeared Nov. 3, 2006.
    (AP, 10/25/11)

2011        Nov 6, Guatemala held presidential elections. Retired general and former intelligence director Otto Perez Molina (61) of the conservative Patriotic Party won an easy victory, 54% to 46%, in a runoff race against tycoon-turned-political populist Manuel Baldizon of the Democratic Freedom Revival party.
    (AP, 11/7/11)

2011        Nov 8, In Guatemala drug trafficker Elio Lorenzana Cordon, wanted for extradition to the United States, was captured outside Guatemala City by US and Guatemalan authorities.
    (AP, 11/8/11)

2011        Nov 15, Guatemalan President Alvaro Colom said he will grant a US extradition request for former president Alfonso Portillo, who faces charges in the US of embezzling $1.5 million in foreign donations.
    (AP, 11/15/11)

2011        Dec 21, The US government said it is suspending training for new Peace Corps volunteers in the Central American nations of Guatemala and El Salvador while it assesses security concerns. El Salvador has 113 volunteers, and Guatemala, 222. It was also decided to pull all volunteers from Honduras.
    (AP, 12/21/11)(AP, 1/18/12)

2011        Some 250-350 tons of cocaine, almost the whole amount heading for the US, was reportedly passing through Guatemala each year.
    (Econ, 4/16/11, p.25)

2012        Jan 13, Guatemala congressman Oscar Valentin Leal Caal, who was reportedly negotiating a switch to the law-and-order party of the conservative president-elect, was shot to death, a day before the presidential inauguration ceremony. Two attackers killed him and his brother outside the headquarters of the legislator's current party, the populist Democratic Freedom Revival.
    (AP, 1/14/12)

2012        Jan 15, Guatemala began Operation Martillo, a broad effort to stop drug trafficking along the Central American coast. Guatemalan authorities signed a treaty allowing the US military to conduct the operations on July 16.
    (AP, 8/29/12)

2012        Jan 31, The US government said it will give financial aid to Guatemala to help safely dispose of seized chemicals that were destined for use in methamphetamine manufacturing.
    (AP, 1/31/12)

2012        Feb 13, Guatemala’s President Otto Perez Molina said the US inability to cut illegal drug consumption leaves his country with no option but to consider legalizing the use and transport of drugs, a remarkable turnaround for an ex-general elected on a platform of crushing organized crime with an iron fist.
    (AP, 2/14/12)

2012        Feb 28, In Guatemala a civilian helicopter crashed in bad weather, injuring three aboard in northern Peten province. A Guatemalan air force helicopter sent to help went down soon afterward, killing its 10 crew and passengers.
    (AP, 2/28/12)

2012        Mar 12, In Guatemala Pedro Pimentel Rios (54), a former member of the elite Kaibiles Corp team of the Guatemalan military, was sentenced to 6,060 years in prison for his role in the killings of 201 people in a December, 1982 massacre.  Rios was extradited from the United States last July.
    (AP, 3/13/12)(SFC, 3/14/12, p.A2)

2012        Mar 24, Guatemala's Pres. Otto Perez Molina proposed that the United States and other "consumer" countries pick up the tab for the cost of drug seizures. He said the US has a "responsibility" because it has one of the highest rates of drug use.
    (AFP, 3/25/12)

2012        Mar 27, In Guatemala thousands of indigenous farmers finished an 8-day march to the capital to protest government-backed land seizures by large land owners.   
    (SFC, 3/28/12, p.A2)

2012        Apr 3, In Guatemala leading drug trafficker Horst Walther Overdick (44) was arrested and faced extradition to the United States. He helped Mexico's brutal Zetas drug cartel expand into Guatemala.
    (AP, 4/3/12)

2012        Apr 6, Guatemalan authorities said they have begun to see new and disturbing evidence of an alliance between the Mara Salvatrucha street gangs and Zetas, the Mexican paramilitary drug cartel.
    (AP, 4/7/12)

2012        Aug 29, A US military spokesman said a team of 200 US Marines has begun patrolling Guatemala's western coast this week in an unprecedented operation to beat drug traffickers in the Central America region.
    (AP, 8/29/12)

2012        Sep 12, In Guatemala Julio Saquil (35) entered an elementary school in the northern province of Alta Verapaz and slit the throats of two children with a machete. Authorities said he was drunk. A mob lynched Saquil inside the school and then set him on fire in the school's patio and he burned to death.
    (AP, 9/12/12)

2012        Sep 13, In Guatemala the Volcan del Fuego, or Volcano of Fire, erupted in a ferocious lava flow 6 miles from Antigua.
    (AP, 9/14/12)

2012        Sep, In Guatemala Adolfo Vivar, the mayor of Antigua, was charged along with several relatives and members of his administration with establishing a criminal network that stole nearly $3 million from the city’s treasury.
    (SFC, 11/27/13, p.A4)

2012        Oct 4, In western Guatemala at least six people were killed and 30 were shot in a clash near Totonicapan between security forces and protesters opposed to high energy prices. A seventh victim died later at a hospital in the western city of Quezaltenango.
    (AP, 10/5/12)(AP, 10/5/12)

2012        Oct 5, Thousands of indigenous Guatemalans shouted in anger and some threw themselves at the coffins of six local people who were shot to death during a protest over electricity prices and educational reform in a poor rural area.
    (AP, 10/6/12)

2012        Oct 11, Guatemala prosecutors said they have detained 8 army privates and a colonel on allegations of extrajudicial killings by opening fire on a peaceful protests last week that killed 8 people and wounded 34.
    (SFC, 10/12/12, p.A2)

2012        Nov 7, Guatemala was struck by a 7.4-magnitude earthquake. It was centered 15 miles off the coastal town of Champerico and 100 miles southwest of Guatemala City. 40 people died in the state of San Marcos, 11 more were killed in the neighboring state of Quetzaltenango, and one in Solola state. 22 people remained missing.
    (AP, 11/7/12)    (AP, 11/8/12)

2012        Nov 30, The Human Rights Office of the Archbishop of Guatemala said that a probe has found patients in the Federico Mora hospital suffering from a lack of medical attention, along with abuse by staff and inmates from a neighboring prison who were allowed into the hospital. Investigators found more than 300 children in solitary confinement, and patients in locked cells who died of preventable diseases due to lack of medical attention.
    (AP, 11/30/12)

2012        Dec 3, Software company founder John McAfee, wanted for questioning in connection with the killing of a fellow American ex-pat, said he has left Belize and is still on the run. He escaped to Guatemala and requested asylum.
    (AP, 12/3/12)(SFC, 12/5/12, p.E1)

2012        Dec 5, Guatemala police arrested software company founder John McAfee for entering the country illegally, ending his bizarre weekslong journey as a blogging fugitive claiming to be persecuted by authorities in Belize.
    (AP, 12/6/12)

2012        Dec 12, Guatemala released John McAfee from a detention center and put him on a plan for Miami. Authorities in Belize had sought McAfee for questioning about the November slaying of neighbor Gregory Faull.
    (SFC, 12/13/12, p.A7)

2012        Dec 23, Guatemala federal prosecutor Irma Yolanda Olivares, who worked in one of the prosecutor's regional officers, was slain along with an official working for a government social service agency and five others in an attack near the Mexican border. Drug traffickers were blamed.
    (AP, 12/24/12)

2012        Swiss authorities arrested Erwin Sperisen, a former police chief in Guatemala, for planning and directing operations to kill detainees during his tenure from 2004-2007. Sperisen had dual Swiss and Guatemalan nationality and in 2014 was sentenced in Geneva to life in prison.
    (SFC, 6/7/14, p.A2)

2013        Jan 14, In Guatemala gunmen killed Jutiapa Mayor Carlos Castillo. His brother, former congressman Manuel de Jesus Castillo, was serving a prison sentence in the slaying of 3 El Salvador representatives to the Central American Parliament.
    (SFC, 1/15/13, p.A2)

2013        Feb 21, In Guatemalan residents of Peten province reported a gunbattle between drug gangs and said one of the dead resembled Mexico's most-wanted drug lord, Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman. Soldiers and police scanning the area found no sign of any confrontation.
    (AP, 2/22/13)

2013        May 2, Guatemala's government declared a state of emergency and banned public gatherings in four townships east of the capital following several days of violent clashes between police and anti-mining protesters.
    (AP, 5/2/13)

2013        May 10, A Guatemala tribunal convicted former dictator Efrain Rios Montt (86) of genocide and sentenced him to 80 years in prison, a historic moment in a country still healing from a brutal, three-decade civil war.
    (AP, 5/11/13)

2013        May 20, Guatemala's top court overturned the conviction of former dictator Efrain Rios Montt, and ordered that the trial be taken back to the middle of the proceedings.
    (AP, 5/21/13)

2013        May 24, Former Guatemalan President Alfonso Portillo (61) was extradited to the United States to face charges of laundering $70 million in Guatemalan funds through US bank accounts.
    (AP, 5/24/13)

2013        Jun 3, It was reported that coffee leaf rust has devastated coffee plantations across Central America and knocked half a million people out of work. Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras were all severely impacted.
    (SFC, 6/4/13, p.A2)(http://tinyurl.com/alqvfoc)

2013        Jun 4, In Guatemala the Organization of American States (OAS) began its annual meeting.
    (Econ, 6/8/13, p.42)

2013        Jun 14, Guatemala Pres. Otto Perez said a heavily armed group, said to be part of a band of drug traffickers, ambushed and killed 8 police officers 120 miles west of Guatemala City.
    (SFC, 6/15/13, p.A2)

2013        Jun 28, In western Guatemala a small airplane crashed in a wooded area near the border with Mexico, killing all six men on board.
    (Reuters, 6/28/13)

2013        Sep 8, In Guatemala at least 11 people were killed and another 15 injured in an armed standoff at a liquor store in the village of San Jose Nacahuil.
    (AFP, 9/9/13)

2013        Sep 9, In Guatemala at least 44 people were killed and dozens injured when a bus went off a cliff on a hairpin bend, tumbling some 200 meters (660 feet) into a river at the bottom of a ravine near San Martin Jilotepeque.
    (Reuters, 9/9/13)(SFC, 9/10/13, p.A2)

2013        Sep 17, Guatemalan and US law enforcement agents arrested Waldemar Lorenzana, a suspected Guatemalan drug trafficker wanted for ties to Mexico's Sinaloa Cartel, the gang run by drug lord Joaquin "Shorty" Guzman.
    (Reuters, 9/17/13)

2013        Sep 20, A Guatemalan court sentenced Hector Bol de la Cruz, chief of police from 1983 to 1985, to 40 years in prison for orchestrating the disappearance of a student union leader in 1984 during the country's bloody civil war.
    (Reuters, 9/20/13)

2013        Oct 4, Mexican police arrested Eduardo Villatoro, alias "Guayo Cano,” a suspected Guatemalan drug trafficker accused of leading the June 14 slaughter of 8 police officers in Guatemala's western highlands.
    (Reuters, 10/4/13)

2013        Guatemala declared a national emergency regarding its coffee production. Officials estimated that coffee rust had affected 70 percent of the nation's crop.
    (AP, 5/31/14)

2014        Feb 8, In Guatemala 20 men stormed a house in a village in Peten killing 9 people including a girl (5) and baby (3 months). The area was know to be contested by drug traffickers.
    (SFC, 2/10/14, p.A2)

2014        Mar 18, In NYC Guatemala’s ex-president Alfonso Portillo pleaded guilty in federal court to a conspiracy charge saying he accepted $2.5 million in bribes to continue to recognize Taiwan diplomatically during his 2000-2004 presidency.
    (SFC, 3/19/14, p.A2)

2014        Mar 29, German magazine Der Spiegel reported that the US National Security Agency kept more than 300 reports on Chancellor Angela Merkel in a special databank about scores of foreign heads of state. Other leaders listed in the databank include the heads of Peru, Somalia, Guatemala, Colombia and Belarus.
    (AP, 3/29/14)

2014        May 15, In Guatemala Jairo Orellana Morales (40), a suspected local Zetas leader, was captured in Zacapa province after a shootout with federal forces that killed a police officer and two others. The US government last year imposed financial sanctions against the alleged drug trafficker under the Kingpin Act.
    (AP, 5/17/14)

2014        May 16, Dozens of Guatemalan war survivors and human rights activists protested against a congressional resolution that denies there was any attempt to commit genocide during the country's bloody 36-year civil war.
    (AP, 5/17/14)

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