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CIA Factbook: http://www.odci.gov/cia/publications/factbook/pu.html
Excite travel: http://www.excite.com/travel/countries/guinea-bissau/
West coast of Africa, west of Guinea. Formerly
(WSJ, 1/2/98, p.8)(WUD, 1994, p.629)
Guinea-Bissau is about the size of Massachusetts.
Pereira (1924-2011) co-founded of the African Party for the
Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde, or PAIGC, which operated in
secret in Guinea-Bissau and in Cape Verde.
1973 Sep 24, The PAIGC (African
Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde) declared the
independence of Guinea-Bissau from Portugal. This became national
day for Guinea-Bissau.
1975 May 25, ECOWAS Treaty1 was
signed. The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) was
formed in Nigeria with 15 members that included: Benin, Burkina
Faso, Cape Verde, CŰte d'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea,
Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone,
1980 Nov 13, A military coup
led by Joao Bernardo Viera deposed President Luis Cabral of the
Republic of Guinea-Bissau.
1994 Guinea-Bissau held
1998 Jan, Brig. Geníl. Ansumane
Mane was fired amid allegations of smuggling arms to separatists in
(SFC, 6/15/98, p.A12)
1998 Jun 9, Senegal and Guinea
sent troops to aid Pres. Vieira in Guinea-Bissau. Rebels led by
Ansumane Mane had just staged a coup to end the 18-year rule of
Pres. Vieira, who was accused of corruption.
(SFC, 6/10/98, p.A9)
1998 Jun 11, Between 1,500 and
2,000 foreigners, mostly Portuguese, were evacuated by ship from the
capital of Guinea-Bissau, where civil war raged.
1998 Jun 12, Some 200 people
drowned as they fled the country by boat.
(SFC, 6/15/98, p.A12)
1998 Jun 14, In Guinea-Bissau
the fighting intensified and thousands of people sought escape
(SFC, 6/15/98, p.A12)
1998 Jun 16, Senegal fired
artillery into Guinea-Bissau to support Pres. Vieira.
(WSJ, 6/17/98, p.A1)
1998 Jul 5, Heavy fighting
covered the capital in smoke. A regional intervention force was
(WSJ, 7/6/98, p.A1)
1998 Jul 11, In Guinea-Bissau
Radio Bombolon mixed music and junta rhetoric and featured the Iva
and Ichy local hit duo.
(SFC, 7/11/98, p.A10)
1998 Jul 26, Army rebels and
the government agreed to a cease-fire and promised to open peace
(SFC, 7/27/98, p.A10)
1998 Oct 21, In Guinea-Bissau
heavy artillery fire rocked the capital and rebels claimed to have
captured Bafata, the 2nd largest town.
(SFC, 10/22/98, p.C5)
1998 Nov 2, In Guinea-Bissau
the government and rebels signed an agreement to end the 5-month
(SFC, 11/3/98, p.C12)
1999 Feb 1, In Guinea-Bissau
thousands fled the capital as fighting intensified between rebels
and loyalists. At least 15 people were reported killed. Most of the
6,000 member army joined the rebellion to depose Pres. Joao Bernardo
(SFC, 2/2/99, p.A9)
1999 Feb 2, In Guinea-Bissau a
grenade destroyed a church and killed 3 people. 35 people were
reported killed since fighting began Jan 31.
(SFC, 2/3/99, p.A10)
1999 Feb 3, In Guinea-Bissau
Pres. Joao Bernardo Vieira agreed to a cease fire with rebel leader
(SFC, 2/4/99, p.A12)
1999 May 7, Renegade troops
forced the surrender of the 600-man presidential guard and ousted
Pres. Joao Bernardo Vieira, who sought refuge in the Portuguese
(SFC, 5/8/99, p.C14)
1999 May 14, In Guinea-Bissau
Malan Bacai Sanha (52), former head of parliament, was declared the
(SFC, 5/15/99, p.A14)
2000 Jan, In Guinea-Bissau
Kumba Yala won the presidency with 72% of the vote.
(Econ, 9/20/03, p.46)
2002 Guinea-Bissau Pres. Kumba
Yala dissolved Parliament and delayed elections 3 times.
2003 Sep 14, In the West Africa
country of Guinea-Bissau the army launched a coup, arresting the
president and ordering government ministers detained. Verissimo
Correia Seabre and fellow senior officers arrested the elected
president, Kumba Yala.
2003 Sep 16, Guinea-Bissau's
army chief of staff who overthrew the West African nation's
president has won an agreement from political leaders to have
presidential powers until new elections are held.
2003 Sep 28, In Guinea-Bissau
senior army officers, who staged a recent coup, installed
Henrique Rosa as civilian president and Artur Sanha as prime
minister to govern the West African country until elections. Civil
servants hadn't been paid in nearly a year and teachers hadn't been
paid in two. Soldiers were getting bags of rice instead of
(AP, 9/29/03)(AP, 10/6/03)
2003 Guinea-Bissauís population
was about 1 million. Its average annual per capita gross domestic
product was about $180.
2004 Mar 8, Guinea-Bissau
soldiers released deposed Pres. Kumba Yala from house arrest, six
months after he was ousted in a bloodless coup on Sep 14.
2004 Sep 15, Eight French
speaking African countries began retiring over 1 billion in decaying
currency with new CFA francs. Benin, Burkina Faso, Guinea-Bissau,
Ivory Coast, Mali, Niger, Senegal and Togo had until Dec 31 to turn
in old bills for new ones.
(SFC, 9/15/04, p.C8)
2004 Oct 6, In Guinea-Bissau
soldiers recently back from a U.N. peacekeeping mission and angry
over unpaid wages staged a revolt, surrounding a main military
building in the West African nation's capital.
2005 Jun 19, Guinea-Bissau
began its first presidential election since a 2003 coup, with 13
contenders vying to become the West African country's leader. The
candidates include the man the military ousted two years ago.
2007 Jan 3, China's Foreign
Minister Li Zhaoxing arrived in the central African nation of
Guinea-Bissau for cooperation talks. His 7-nation tour reflected
Chinese interest in Africa.
2007 Jan 10, Former
Guinea-Bissau PM Carlos Gomes Jr. sought asylum at the local UN
office, three days after he said President Vieira was behind the
assassination of an ex-military commander last week.
2007 Jan, Guinea-Bissau
officials learned that Whoopi Goldberg (51) had taken a DNA test
that indicated her ancestors came from the indigenous Papel and
Bayote tribes. They soon extended to her a formal invitation to
(SFC, 2/8/07, p.A2)
2007 Apr 17, Guinea-Bissau's
new PM Martinho Ndafa Cabi announced an opposition-dominated
government after being chosen to lead the poor west African nation
following a political crisis.
2007 Jun 9, Recent large
seizures of cocaine confirmed that Guinea-Bissau had become a major
drug distribution hub. The cocaine from Latin America arrived by
boat and plane and was sent on to markets mostly in Europe.
Guinea-Bissauís army controlled the local trade.
(Econ, 6/9/07, p.54)(Econ, 4/21/12, p.64)
2007 Aug 6, South Africa stated
its readiness to assist Guinea Bissau in tackling drug trafficking
as the tiny west African nation has been used as a transit hub for
2007 Nov 1, A top UN official
said South American traffickers are moving billions of dollars worth
of cocaine through Guinea-Bissau, amid growing demand in Europe, an
amount so large it dwarfs all other economic sectors combined and
could destabilize the coup-prone country.
2007 Dec 19, Donors pledged
millions of dollars at a conference in Spain to help Guinea Bissau,
which a top UN official called "under siege" by drug cartels who
might even sway the country's future polls.
2008 Aug 8, Guinea Bissau's
army announced it had arrested rear admiral Jose Americo Bubo Na
Tchute, the head of the navy, over an attempted coup.
2008 Aug 12, Security forces in
Gambia arrested Rear Adm. Bubo Na Tchuto, the suspected leader of an
alleged plot to topple the government in nearby Guinea-Bissau.
2008 Nov 16, Guinea Bissau,
seen as a major African drugs hub, went to the polls for
parliamentary elections, which observers hoped would bring stability
to the West African nation. The African Party for the Independence
of Guinea and Cape Verde (PAIGC), which has been dominant since
independence from Portugal in 1974, is favorite to win the election.
(AP, 11/16/08)(AFP, 11/17/08)
2008 Nov 23, In Guinea Bissau
mutinous soldiers fought their way into the fortified residence of
President Joao Bernardo Vieira's in a 3-hour gunbattle but did
not hurt the head of state.
2009 Jan 10, In Guinea-Bissau a
boat carrying passengers on the Geba River capsized in strong winds,
leaving 42 people missing.
2009 Mar 2, In Guinea-Bissau
soldiers assassinated President Joao Bernardo "Nino" Vieira in his
palace hours after a bomb blast killed his rival. A pre-dawn
gunfight at the palace erupted hours after armed forces chief of
staff Gen. Batiste Tagme na Waie, a longtime rival of the president,
was killed by a bomb blast at his headquarters. The military
insisted no coup was taking place.
2009 Mar 3, Lawmakers in
Guinea-Bissau voted to uphold the constitution by which parliament
speaker Raimundo Pereira succeeds as interim president, following
the assassination of the head of state. Pereira took the oath of
(AFP, 3/3/09)(SFC, 3/4/09, p.A2)
2009 Jun 5, Guinea-Bissau
authorities said they foiled an attempted coup, and security forces
killed two people allegedly involved, including a candidate in the
upcoming presidential ballot. Guinea-Bissau's intelligence service
said the coup plot was masterminded by former Defense Minister
Helder Proenca and that presidential candidate Baciro Dabo was also
involved. Both men died in separate shootings.
(AP, 6/5/09)(SFC, 6/6/09, p.A2)
2009 Jun 28, Guinea-Bissau held
elections for a new leader to replace the late President Joao
Bernardo "Nino" Vieira, who was assassinated more than three months
ago. The population of Guinea-Bissau stood at about 1.5 million.
Leading a pack of 11 candidates were three former presidents seeking
to retake the post. The election was marked by one of the lowest
turnouts ever. If no candidate wins an overall majority in the first
round, the election will go to a run-off between the two
highest-placed contenders on July 28.
(AP, 6/28/09)(AFP, 6/29/09)
2009 Jul 5, Guinea-Bissau said
the second round of presidential elections has been brought forward
to July 26 to enable farmers to continue harvesting unhindered.
2009 Jul 26, Guinea-Bissau
voters went to the polls for a presidential runoff between two
former heads of state. The West African countryís veteran
leader was assassinated in March. On July 29 election officials
announced that Malam Bacai Sanha was the new president. Sanha took
63.39% of the runoff vote, beating opponent Kumba Yala, who took
(AFP, 7/26/09)(AP, 7/29/09)
2010 Feb 26, Sierra Leone and
five other west African countries (Mauritania, Senegal,
Guinea-Bissau, Gambia and Guinea) signed onto an action plan in
Freetown for sustainable mangrove management.
2010 Apr 1, In Guinea-Bissau
renegade soldiers seized the head of the armed forces and briefly
detained PM Carlos Gomes Jr. in an apparent coup attempt in the
tiny, coup-plagued African nation where the president was
assassinated last year. Hours later, the mutinous soldiers released
the prime minister, but the head of the armed forces Zamora Induta
remained under guard at a military base while Antonio Ndjai, his No.
2, appeared to be in control.
2010 Apr, In Guinea-Bissau
Colonel Samba Diallo, deputy director of military intelligence, was
arrested with other top officers on suspicion of involvement in a
March 2009 attack that killed armed forces chief of staff Gen.
Batiste Tagme na Waie. Diallo He was released after 8 months in
2010 May 31, French President
Nicolas Sarkozy opened a France-Africa summit saying Africa will
fuel world economic growth for decades to come and must have a
stronger voice in global affairs. Guinea Bissau's Pres. Malam Bacai
Sanha, among the 38 African leaders attending the summit in Nice,
called for an international effort to help him fight drug
trafficking in his west African country.
(AP, 5/31/10)(AFP, 5/31/10)
2010 Jul 22, The UN Security
Council pressed for effective actions to combat the growing threat
of drug trafficking and organized crime in the west African nation
2011 Jun 29, Guinea-Bissauís
economy ministry said the World Bank is to allocate 6.4 million
dollars (nearly 4.5 million euros) to help it fight poverty and
2011 Jul 13, In Guinea-Bissau
health workers began a five-day strike to press demands pay bonuses
and better working conditions in the west African country.
2011 Jul 19, In Guinea-Bissau
thousands took to the streets of Bissau for the second rally in five
days to demand the resignation of PM Carlos Gomes Junior, accused of
hindering an assassination probe. The country is classified by the
United Nations as one of the world's poorest, coming in at 175 out
of 177 on the Human Development Index.
2011 Aug 5, In Guinea-Bissau
thousands took to the streets of Bissau for the third rally in three
weeks to demand the resignation of PM Carlos Gomes Junior, who is
accused of hindering an assassination probe.
2011 Aug 31, Guinea-Bissau
Pres. Malam Bacai Sanha was (64) evacuated to neighboring Senegal
for medical care.
2011 Sep 18, Guinea-Bissau's
diabetic Pres. Malam Bacai Sanha returned home after being
hospitalized in Senegal.
2011 Oct, Guinea-Bissau
President Malam Bacai Sanha appointed Jose Americo Bubo Na Tchuto,
labeled by the US Treasury Department as a drug kingpin, to head the
2011 Nov 22, The president of
Guinea-Bissau, Malam Bacai Sanha (64), was hospitalized in Senegal's
capital Dakar and will later be transferred to Paris for treatment.
2011 Dec 13, In Guinea-Bissau a
transport strike paralyzed much of the country, forcing residents to
trek into work by foot, as taxi drivers stayed off the roads to
protest police extortion.
2011 Dec 26, In Guinea-Bissau
soldiers demanding better pay attacked the headquarters of the armed
forces and fanned out across the streets of the small west African
state's capital as the country's president was undergoing treatment
2011 Dec 27, Guinea Bissau's
army clashed with renegade forces overnight, leaving at least two
dead as they combed the capital for suspects after thwarting an
alleged coup attempt. Navy Chief Jose Americo Bubo Na Tchuto, who
has previously been accused of involvement in coup plans and in the
drugs trade, was arrested for plotting a coup. Tchuto and 18 other
co-accused were released on June 20, 2012.
(AFP, 12/27/11)(AFP, 6/21/12)
2011 Dec 28, Guinea-Bissau
security forces executed police officer Major Yaya Dabo as he turned
himself in over his role in what the regime describes as a coup bid.
2012 Jan 9, Guinea-Bissau
President Malam Bacai Sanha (64) died in Paris after a lengthy
hospitalization. He was elected in this tiny, coup-prone nation on
Africa's western coast about two years ago after the previous leader
2012 Jan 10, Guinea-Bissau's
opposition rejected the appointment of the National Assembly leader
Raimundo Pereira as interim head of the chronically unstable state
following the death of President Malam Bacai Sanha in Paris.
2012 Feb 10, Guinea Bissau PM
Carlos Gomes Junior named Adiato Djalo Nandigna, his current
communications minister, to stand in for him until presidential
polls on March 18 in which he is a candidate.
2012 Mar 15, In Guinea-Bissau
soldiers and para-military troops were the first to vote in
presidential elections, three days before the rest of the country.
2012 Mar 18, Guinea-Bissau
began voting for a new president, an office nobody has held for a
full five-year term. Chronic instability here has fed a booming
cocaine trade. Ex-military intelligence deputy chief Colonel Samba
Diallo was shot dead by men in military uniform in the capital hours
after polls closed in a presidential vote. He was accused of
involvement in a 2009 bombing that killed the country's then army
2012 Apr 12, Guinea-Bissau
soldiers arrested PM Carlos Gomes Jr., hours after the leader's home
was attacked with grenades in what former colonial ruler Portugal
described as a military coup. Gomes had been favored to win the
April 29 runoff after his challenger Kumba Yala, a former president
who was overthrown in a 2003 coup, said he would boycott the vote
because of irregularities in the first round of balloting. President
Raimundo Pereira was also arrested.
(AP, 4/13/12)(AFP, 4/13/12)
2012 Apr 13, In Guinea-Bissau a
communique from an unidentified military commander was released
claiming soldiers do not want to seize power, but instead were
trying to halt an invasion from Angolan troops. The unidentified
military commander claimed that PM Gomes was going to allow troops
from Angola, another former Portuguese colony in Africa, to attack
military forces in Guinea-Bissau. The UN Security Council
unanimously condemned the coup.
2012 Apr 15, In Guinea-Bissau
political parties met with the military junta in an attempt to reach
a political situation days after soldiers arrested the prime
minister. They agreed to set up a transitional body to run the
country, a day ahead of talks with West African bloc ECOWAS.
(AP, 4/15/12)(AFP, 4/15/12)
2012 Apr 17, The African Union
suspended Guinea-Bissau's membership after a coup and the arrests of
2012 Apr 18, Guinea-Bissau's
former ruling party rejected the junta's plans for a transition
government and demanded the release of top political leaders being
held by the military rulers. Former secretary of state Fode Cassama
was seized at his house by soldiers and taken to an unknown
destination. The junta and opposition parties formally dissolved the
government and called for a two-year transition period before new
elections can be held.
2012 Apr 19, Guinea-Bissau's
junta named Manuel Serifo Nhamadjo, a former parliamentary speaker
and independent presidential candidate, to head a two-year
transition government after a deal with the opposition, defying
world calls for a return to democracy.
2012 Apr 26, In Ivory Coast the
15-member Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) decided
to send troops to coup-hit Mali and Guinea-Bissau to support their
return to civilian rule and demanded coup leaders "return to
barracks" in both countries. They also said Guinea-Bissau and Mali
must prepare for legislative and presidential elections within a
2012 Apr 27, Guinea-Bissau's
coup leaders released the country's ousted prime minister and
interim president after more than two weeks of captivity, allowing
the former leaders to travel to Ivory Coast.
2012 Apr 30, The West African
bloc ECOWAS imposed sanctions on Guinea-Bissau's junta after talks
in Banjul failed to yield any progress.
2012 May 3, The European Union
slapped an assets freeze and travel ban on six coup leaders in
2013 May 4, Twelve Senegalese
employees of a South African demining company were kidnapped in
Senegal's southern Casamance region. On May 29 the rebels released 3
women who were kidnapped with the group. The 9 remaining employees
were freed on July 12 in Guinea-Bissau.
2012 May 10, West African
mediators (ECOWAS) entered crisis talks with Guinea-Bissau's former
governing party to mediate a return to civilian rule after a
military junta deposed the government last month.
2012 May 11, Guinea-Bissau coup
leaders and west African mediators agreed that parliamentary speaker
Manuel Serifo Nhamadjo will lead a transition government, ruling out
the return of the toppled team.
2012 May 16, Guinea-Bissauís
interim leader Manuel Serifo Nhamadjo named Rui Duarte Barros, a
former finance minister, to serve as the new prime minister and help
lead a transition following last month's coup.
2012 May 17, In Guinea-Bissau
some 70 ECOWAS soldiers arrived on a mission to restore stability
after the country's April 12 coup, as transitional government PM Rui
Duarte Barros took office.
2012 May 18, The UN Security
Council unanimously ordered sanctions against the leaders of last
month's military coup in Guinea-Bissau and warned it was ready to
take new measures.
2012 May 19, Officials said
Guinea-Bissau's junta, parliament and a group of political parties
have signed a roadmap aimed at ending the crisis created by the
April 12 coup.
2012 May 22, Guinea-Bissau
interim President Manuel Serifo Nhamadjo signed a decree
establishing the 27-member cabinet under PM Rui Duarte Barros, which
includes as defense minister Colonel Celestino Carvalho, a member of
the putschists who ousted the president. The armed forces vowed to
return to their barracks.
2012 May 31, The EU
strengthened its sanctions against Guinea-Bissau's military junta,
slapping an asset freeze and visa ban on a further 15 people.
2012 Jun 6, Angolan troops,
whose presence angered local soldiers and prompted a coup in April,
began leaving Guinea-Bissau. The pullout was completed on June 9.
(AFP, 6/6/12)(AFP, 6/9/12)
2012 Oct 21, In Guinea-Bissau
mutineers were defeated by military loyal to the Chief of General
Staff of the Armed Forces, Antonio Indjai. 6 people were killed when
a group of soldiers attempted to seize control of a military airbase
near the capital. On Oct 27 Coup leader Pansau Ntchama was arrested
outside the capital, Bissau. Ntchama had sought exile in Portugal
after allegedly carrying out the 2009 assassination of
Guinea-Bissau's former president.
(AP, 10/21/12)(AP, 10/28/12)
2012 The population of
Guinea-Bissau was about 1.6 million.
2013 Jan 31, In Ghana former UN
Secretary General Kofi Annan launched a commission to tackle drug
trafficking in West Africa. Annan blamed the international community
for ignoring the threat posed by corrupted states like
2013 Apr 4, Cape Verde Islands
Radiotelevisao Caboverdiana reported that Rear Adm. Jose Americo
Bubo Na Tchuto and four other Guinea-Bissau nationals were
apprehended by US authorities aboard a yacht in international waters
in the eastern Atlantic Ocean. The US Treasury Department designated
Na Tchuto as a drug kingpin in 2010 for his alleged role in the
cocaine trade in Guinea-Bissau.
2013 Apr 25, Guinea-Bissau
sentenced army captain Pansau Ntchama to serve five years in prison
after being found guilty of treason and using illegal weapons while
leading a failed coup last year.
2013 Aug 11, Guinea-Bissau made
its first extradition of a suspected drug trafficker, part of an
effort to shake off its international reputation as a 'narco-state'.
The West African country handed over Telmo Perez Fernandes (48) to
Spanish authorities. The Spanish citizen was arrested on June 5 at
the request of the Spanish police.
2013 Dec 17, Guinea-Bissau's
Interior Minister Antonio Suka Ntchama became the second minister to
step down in the tiny West African country amid an investigation
into how 74 Syrians boarded a flight to Portugal with fake
2014 Apr 3, Former Guinea
Bissau President Kumba Yala (61) died. He had ruled the West African
nation from 2000 to 2003.
2014 Apr 13, Guinea-Bissau held
watershed elections for a president and parliament aimed at ushering
in a new era of stability in a country plagued by drugs and upended
by a military coup.
2014 May 18, Guinea-Bissau
voted in a presidential runoff vote intended to restore
constitutional order in a country known for coups and unrest. Voters
chose between Jose Mario Vaz, whose party won a parliamentary
majority in April's first round, against Nuno Gomes Nabiam, who is
known for having close ties to military leaders.
2014 Sep 26, In Guinea-Bissau
at least 22 people were killed when a vehicle taking them to a
funeral struck a landmine.
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Subject = Guinea Bissau
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