Timeline Haiti

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CIA Factbook: http://www.odci.gov/cia/publications/factbook/ha.html
Early History: http://pasture.ecn.purdue.edu/~agenhtml/agenmc/haiti/history.html
Island Connoisseur: http://www.caribbeansupersite.com/haiti/history.htm
Haiti Global Village: http://www.haitiglobalvillage.com/
MedaliaArt: http://pasture.ecn.purdue.edu/~agenhtml/agenmc/haiti/history.html
Lanic: http://lanic.utexas.edu/la/cb/haiti/
Religious History: http://www.hartford-hwp.com/archives/43a/index-i.html
Timeline: http://www.language-works.com/Haiti/history.htm
USLC: http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/httoc.html
USSD: http://www.state.gov/www/background_notes/haiti_0398_bgn.html

Haiti and the Dominican Republic comprise the Island of Hispaniola.
    (WUD, 1994, p.673)(SFC, 1/10/96, p.A15)
Haiti and the Dominican Republic share a 243-mile border on the Caribbean island of Hispaniola, but the countries have long had an uneasy coexistence.
    (AP, 3/3/06)
1492        Dec 5, Columbus discovered Hispaniola (Haiti and the Dominican Republic).
    (http://tinyurl.com/dfzzk)

1492        Dec 24-1492 Dec 25, The Santa Maria under Columbus ran aground on a reef off Espanola on Christmas eve, and sank the next day. With the remains of the Santa Maria, Columbus built a fort and called it La Navidad
    (http://tinyurl.com/dfzzk)

1493        Jan 2, Columbus left 40 crew members on La Navidad, Hispaniola, and sailed eastward along the coast. He left behind instructions for the crew to obtain gold and find its source. When he returned on his 2nd voyage he found the town burned and all the Spaniards dead.
    (www1.minn.net/~keithp/v1.htm)

1493        Jan 16, Columbus aboard the Nina departed Hispaniola along with the Pinta to return to Spain.
    (www1.minn.net/~keithp/v1.htm)

1493        Nov 22, Christopher Columbus arrived at Hispaniola.
    (AM, 7/97, p.54,60)(http://www1.minn.net/~keithp/v2.htm)

1493        Nov 28, Christopher Columbus arrived La Navidad, Hispaniola. He found the fort burned and his men from the 1st voyage dead. According to the account of Guacanagari, the local chief who had befriended Columbus on the first voyage, the men at Navidad had fallen to arguing among themselves over women and gold.
    (http://www1.minn.net/~keithp/v2.htm)

1493        Dec 8, Christopher Columbus and his crew of 1,500 built the town of La Isabela on the northern coast of the Dominican Republic. It was abandoned within 5 years due in part to poor relations with the Taino Indians. This area was part of the chiefdom of Higuey.
    (AM, 7/97, p.54,60)(http://www1.minn.net/~keithp/v2.htm)

1496        Mar 10, Christopher Columbus concluded his 2nd visit to the Western Hemisphere as he left Isabela, with 2 ships for Spain. He returned to Spain to ask for more support for his colony on Hispaniola.
    (AM, 7/97, p.59)(http://www1.minn.net/~keithp/v2.htm)

1522        A massive slave rebellion, the first of dozens, was crushed in Hispaniola.
    (TL-MB, p.12)

1537        Maria de Rojas y Toledo, widow of Christopher Columbus' son Diego, was allowed to send the bones of her husband and his father to the cathedral in Santo Domingo for burial. There they lay until 1795, when Spain ceded the island of Hispaniola to France and decided Columbus' remains should not fall into foreigners' hands. A set of remains that the Spaniards thought were Columbus' were then dug up from behind the main altar in the newly built cathedral and shipped to a cathedral in Havana, where they remained until the Spanish-American War broke out in 1898 and Spain brought them to Seville. But in 1877, workers digging inside the Santo Domingo cathedral unearthed a leaden box containing 13 large bone fragments and 28 small ones. It was inscribed "Illustrious and distinguished male, don Cristobal Colon." The Dominicans said these were the real remains of Columbus and that the Spaniards must have taken the wrong remains in 1795.
    (AP, 5/20/97)(HN, 5/20/99)(AP, 10/13/02)(SFC, 1/18/05, p.A8)

1697        Sep 20, The Treaty of Ryswick was signed in Holland. It ended the War of the Grand Alliance (aka War of the League of Augsburg,1688-1697) between France and the Grand Alliance. Under the Treaty France’s King Louis XIV (1638-1715) recognized William III (1650-1702) as King of England. The Dutch received trade concessions, and France and the Grand Alliance members (Holland and the Austrian Hapsburgs) gave up most of the land they had conquered since 1679. The signees included France, England, Spain and Holland. By the Treaty of Ryswick, a portion of Hispaniola was formally ceded to France and became known as Saint-Domingue. The remaining Spanish section was called Santo Domingo.
    (www.caribbeanguides.net/hispaniola.htm)(www.jacobite.ca/documents/1697ryswick.htm)

1743        May 20, [Francois D] Toussaint L'Ouverture, Haitian leader, was born on the Breda plantation in Santo Domingo.
    (MC, 5/20/02)(AP, 4/7/03)

1772        Jun 6, Haitian explorer Jean Baptiste-Pointe DuSable settled Chicago. [see Mar 12, 1773]
    (MC, 6/6/02)

1773        Mar 12, Jeanne Baptiste Pointe de Sable settled what is now known as Chicago. [see Jun 6, 1772]
    (MC, 3/12/02)

1780        Oct 10, A Great Hurricane killed 20,000 to 30,000 in Caribbean.
    (MC, 10/10/01)

1785        Apr 26, John James Audubon (d.1851), American naturalist, bird watcher (ornithologist) and artist, was born in Haiti and educated in France. The engraving of America's indigenous turkey, which Benjamin Franklin nominated as the national bird, appeared in John James Audubon's classic work "Birds of America," a book of 435 hand-colored engravings prepared from his wildlife paintings begun in 1820. An artist and naturalist, Audubon was one of the first to study and paint American birds in their natural surroundings. Audubon came to America at 18 and failed in several business ventures.
    (440 Int’l. internet,4/26/97, p.5)(AP, 4/26/98)(HN, 4/26/98)(HNPD, 7/15/98)

1790        Oct 23, Slaves revolted in Haiti.
    (MC, 10/23/01)

1791        Aug 14, Haitian slaves, led by voodoo priest Boukman Dutty, gathered to plan a revolution.
    (SFCM, 5/30/04, p.9)( http://tinyurl.com/yun3k3)

1791        In St. Domingue Toussaint L’Ouverture joined the slave rebellion against plantation owners and later led a colonial revolt against France. In 1995 Madison Smart Bell authored "All Souls Rising," a novel set in this period.
    (SFEC, 1/26/97 BR, p.10)(SSFC, 4/8/01, BR p.4)(SFCM, 5/30/04, p.10)

1793        Aug 29, Slavery was abolished in the French colony of Santo Domingo (Haiti).
    (HN, 8/29/98)(MC, 8/29/01)

1793        Sep, The 1st British soldiers came ashore at St. Domingue.
    (SFCM, 5/30/04, p.10)

1794        Feb 4, France’s First Republic (Convention) voted for the abolition of slavery in all French colonies. The abolition decree stated that "the Convention declares the slavery of the Blacks abolished in all the colonies; consequently, all men, irrespective of color, living in the colonies are French citizens and will enjoy all the rights provided by the Constitution." Slavery was restored by the Consulate in 1802, and was definitively abolished in 1848 by the Second Republic, on Victor Schoelcher’s initiative.
    (www.ambafrance-uk.org/Slavery-Slavery-was-abolished-in.html)
1794        Feb 4, Slaves in Haiti won emancipation.
    (AP, 4/7/03)(WSJ, 3/1/04, p.A16)

1794        May 6, In Haiti Toussaint Louverture (L’Ouverture), Haitian rebel leader, ended his alliance with the Iberian monarchy and embraced the French Republicans. An order followed that led to the massacre of Spaniards.
    (www.travelinghaiti.com/history_of_haiti/toussaint_louverture.asp)(WSJ, 1/19/07, p.W4)

1794        Jun 4, British troops captured Port-au-Prince, Haiti.
    (HN, 6/4/98)

1794-1801    In 2001 Madison Smart Bell authored "Master of the Crossroads," a novel set in this period.
    (SSFC, 4/8/01, BR p.4)

1795        Jul 22, Spain signed the Peace of Basel, a treaty with France ending the War of the Pyrenees. The treaty ceded Santo Domingo to France.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peace_of_Basel)

1795        A set of remains that the Spaniards believed to be of Christopher Columbus were dug up from behind the main altar in the newly built cathedral of Santo Domingo and shipped to a cathedral in Havana, where they remained until the Spanish-American War broke out in 1898, when Spain brought them to Seville. In 1877 workers digging inside the Santo Domingo cathedral unearthed a leaden box containing 13 large bone fragments and 28 small ones. It was inscribed "Illustrious and distinguished male, don Cristobal Colon." The Dominicans said these were the real remains of Columbus and that the Spaniards must have taken the wrong remains.
    (SFC, 1/18/05, p.A8)

1796        Apr 2, Haitian revolt leader Toussaint L’Ouverture commanded French forces at Santo Domingo.
    (AP, 4/2/99)

1797        Mar 4, Vice-President John Adams, elected President on December 7, to replace George Washington, was sworn in. Adams soon selected Timothy Pickering as his secretary of state. Pickering extended aid to Haitian slaves in their ongoing revolt against French colonists. This policy was reversed under Jefferson.
    (HN, 3/4/99)(SSFC, 11/2/03, p.M6)

1798        Oct, In Saint-Domingue (later Haiti) Gen. Toussaint L’Ouverture negotiated a secret peace agreement in which the British renounced all claim to the colony’s lands in exchange for the right to trade freely on an equal basis with France.
    (ON, 2/10, p.7)

1799        Apr 27, In Saint-Domingue (later Haiti) Gen. Toussaint L’Ouverture signed a treaty of friendship with the US under Pres. John Adams. Certain elements were kept secret in order not to alienate France.
    (ON, 2/10, p.8)

1799        May, In Saint-Domingue (later Haiti) Gen. Toussaint L’Ouverture signed a trade agreement with Britain. Certain elements were kept secret in order not to alienate France.
    (ON, 2/10, p.8)

1799        Jul 3, In Saint-Domingue (later Haiti) Gen. Toussaint L’Ouverture formally declared Gen. Andre Rigaud, the leader of a revolutionary army in the south and west of Saint-Domingue, a rebel.
    (ON, 2/10, p.8)

1800        May 20, In Saint-Domingue (later Haiti) forces under Gen. Toussaint L’Ouverture cornered Gen. Andre Rigaud near the town of Acul.
    (ON, 2/10, p.9)

1800        Jul 29, In Saint-Domingue (later Haiti) Gen. Andre Rigaud, defeated by Gen. Dessalines, set sail for France.
    (ON, 2/10, p.9)

1800        Dessalines, a lieutenant of Haitian rebel leader Toussaint L'Ouverture (Louverture),  butchered many mulattoes (the estimates range from 200 to 10,000).
    (http://tinyurl.com/22xwby)(WSJ, 1/19/07, p.W4)

1801        Jan, Toussaint Louverture, ignoring the commands of Napoleon Bonaparte, overran Spanish Santo Domingo, where slavery persisted.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toussaint_L'Ouverture)

1801        Jul 7, A new constitution, drafted by a committee appointed by Toussaint Louverture (L’Ouverture), went into effect and declared independence of Hispaniola. The constitution made him governor general for life with near absolute powers. L’Ouverture seized power in Haiti from French control.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toussaint_L'Ouverture)(WSJ, 3/1/04, p.A16)

1802        Feb, Napoleon sent a large army under his brother-in-law, Charles Leclerc, to regain control of St. Domingue. Thousands of soldiers died mainly to yellow fever and French control was abandoned so as to support military ventures in Europe. Toussaint L'Ouverture turned to guerrilla warfare inspired by the ideals of the French Revolution and its motto of "Liberty, Equality, Fraternity."
    (CO, Grolier's, 11/10/95)(AP, 4/7/03)

1802        May, In Saint-Domingue (later Haiti) Gen. Toussaint L’Ouverture surrendered to French forces. Many of his generals continued to wage a guerilla campaign against the French.
    (ON, 2/10, p.9)

1802        Jul 8, Toussaint L'Ouverture, Saint-Domingue (later Haiti) general, was sent to France in chains.
    (AP, 4/7/03)

1802        Aug 7, Napoleon ordered the re-instatement of slavery on St. Domingue (Haiti).
    (MC, 8/7/02)

1802        Aug 25, Toussaint L'Ouverture was imprisoned in Fort de Joux, Jura, France.
    (MC, 8/25/02)

1803        Apr 7, Francois D. Toussaint L'Ouverture (Louverture), Haitian revolutionary, died in a dungeon at Fort Joux in the French Alps. In 2007 Madison Smartt Bell authored “Toussaint Louverture: A Biography.”
    (AP, 4/7/03)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toussaint_L'Ouverture)(SFC, 1/15/07, p.D7)

1803        Nov 18, The Battle of Vertieres was fought. Jean-Jacques Dessalines (b.1758), Haitian rebel leader, led his army to decisive victory over the French with his slogan "Cut off their heads and burn down their houses."
    (HFA, ‘96, p.42)(AP, 4/7/03)(www.hartford-hwp.com/archives/43a/168.html)

1804        Jan 1, Jean-Jacques Dessalines proclaimed the Republic of Haiti and declared independence from France. Documentation of his speech was then lost and only re-discovered in 2010 by a Canadian graduate student searching in the British National Archives.
    (WSJ, 3/1/04, p.A16)(SFCM, 5/30/04, p.19)(SFC, 4/2/10, p.A2)

1804        Apr 20, Jean-Jacques Dessalines, Haitian rebel leader, commanded a massacre of the French at town of Cape Francois. It is generally thought that Dessalines had around 20,000 French slaughtered in early 1804.
    (http://tinyurl.com/yu94s8)(http://tinyurl.com/23fdxf)

1804        Oct 6, Jean-Jacques Dessalines (b.1758) had himself crowned James I, Emperor of Haiti. He was murdered two years later in a conspiracy under Christophe and Pétion.
    (www.hartford-hwp.com/archives/43a/168.html)

1806        Oct 17, Jean-Jacques Dessalines (b.1758), Emp. Jacques I of Haiti, was assassinated.
    (www.hartford-hwp.com/archives/43a/168.html)

1810        Dec, Gen. Andre Rigaud (1761-1811) returned to Haiti yet a third time, establishing himself as President of the Department of the South, in opposition to both Alexandre Petion and Henri Christophe.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andr%C3%A9_Rigaud)

1825        A French emissary of Charles X demanded that Haiti pay 150 million gold francs in exchange for recognition as French warships cruised over the horizon. The deal required 5 annual payments of 30 million and required a loan from a French bank for the 1st payment. Haiti renegotiated the debt in 1838.
    (WSJ, 1/2/04, p.A1)

1838        France agreed to reduce Haiti's 1825 "debt" to 60 million fold francs to be paid over 30 years. The final payment was made in 1883. Payments on loans made to repay France continued to 1947.
    (WSJ, 1/2/04, p.A6)(Econ, 3/12/11, p.47)

1844        Feb 27, Dominican Republic rebels, under the leadership of Francisco del Rosario Sanchez and Ramon Mella, launched their uprising and gained independence from Haiti (National Day). [see Nov 6]
    (www.onwar.com/aced/data/delta/dominican1844.htm)

1844        Nov 6, The first constitution of the new Dominican Republic was signed in San Cristobal. Pedro Santana, fearing political instability, controlled revisions to the newly written constitution that allowed him to stay in power, and declared himself president of the nation, a post he would hold from 1844-1848, 1853-1856, and 1858-1861. Spain granted independence to the Dominican Republic. The Dominican Republic won independence from next door Haiti after 2 occupations. [see Feb 27]
    (http://dr1.com/articles/history_1.shtml)(SFC, 5/16/96, p.A-9)(Econ, 2/20/10, p.35)

1883        Haiti made its final payment to France of the 1825 "debt," renegotiated in 1838. In 2004 Haiti demanded nearly 22 billion in restitution.
    (WSJ, 1/2/04, p.A1)

1907        Apr 14, Francois "Papa Doc" Duvalier, dictator of Haiti, was born.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

c1913-1997    Simone Duvalier, wife of Francois "Papa Doc" and mother of Jean-Claude "Baby Doc" Duvalier.
    (SFC,12/31/97, p.A17)

1915        Jul 28, The United States occupation of Haiti began as 330 US Marines landed at Port-au-Prince on the authority of President Woodrow Wilson to safeguard the interests of US corporations. Roger Gaillard (d.2000 at 77), historian, later wrote a multi-volume chronicle of the US Marine occupation of Haiti from 1915-1934.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_occupation_of_Haiti)(SFC, 5/27/00, p.a26)

1915        Sep 4, The U.S. military placed Haiti under martial law to quell a rebellion in its capital Port-au-Prince.
    (HN, 9/4/98)

1916        Feb 28, Haiti became the first U.S. protectorate.
    (HN, 2/28/98)

1934        Aug 16, US ended its occupation of Haiti (begun in 1915).
    (MC, 8/16/02)

1937        Mar 6, Jose Pena Gomez (d.1998 at 61), advocate for the poor and later mayor of Santo Domingo, was born in Valverde, Dominican Republic, to Haitian immigrants. According to Jose Pena Gomez, a Dominican massacre of Haitians forced his parents to flee back to Haiti. Jose was adopted by a Dominican family.
    (SFC, 5/12/98, p.A21)

1937        Thousands of Haitian immigrants were massacred in the Dominican Republic under dictator Rafael Leonidas Trujillo. An estimated 30,000 Haitians and black Dominicans were rounded up at gunpoint and executed, often by machetes (to give the impression that peasants had committed the murders). In 1998 the novel “The Farming of Bones” by Edwidge Danticat was based on this event.
    (SFEC, 12/13/98, BR p.3)(http://tinyurl.com/yhso9ty)

1939        Simone Ovide, illegitimate daughter of Jules Faine, a mulatto merchant and scholar, married Francis Duvalier, a young doctor.
    (SFC,12/31/97, p.A17p.A17)

1939        The Dominican Rep. and Haiti in their “Agreement on Migration” said that all Haitian descendants in the Dominican Rep. are Haitians as provided in the Haitian constitution.
    (Econ, 1/4/14, p.11)

1947        Haiti completed loan payments incurred in 1825 to pay reparations to France following its 1804 revolution.
    (Econ, 3/19/11, p.47)

1949        Francois Duvalier became the minister of public health and labor.
    (SFC,12/31/97, p.A17)

1951        Jul 3, Jean-Claude Duvalier, [Papa Doc], deposed Haitian president-for-life, was born.
    (MC, 7/3/02)

1953        Jul 15, Jean-Bertrand Aristide, president of Haiti (1991, 1994-1995 ), was born.
    (MC, 7/15/02)

1953        Felix Morisseau-Leroy (d.1998 at 86) premiered his play "Antigone" in Port-au-Prince. It was the first serious play in the native Creole language.
    (SFC, 9/7/98, p.A21)

1954        Sep 25, Francois "Doc" Duvalier won the Haitian presidential election.
    (MC, 9/25/01)

1957        Sep 22, In Haiti Francois Duvalier (1907-1971) won the election for the presidency. He spent 14 years in office. His reign of terror exceeded the ruthless American occupation (1915-1934).
    (Econ, 2/18/12, p.85)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fran%C3%A7ois_Duvalier)

1963        Oct 4-1963 Oct 8, Hurricane Flora, killed some 7-8,000 people in Cuba and Haiti.
    (SFC, 11/30/98, p.A2)

1963-1975     Rene Preval lived in exile from Haiti, while it was ruled by the Duvalier dictatorship.
    (WSJ, 12/14/95, p.A-10)

1966        In 2007 researchers said HIV was brought to Haiti by an infected person from central Africa, and then came to the United States in about 1969. The researchers think an unknown single infected Haitian immigrant arrived in a large city like Miami or New York, and the virus circulated for years, first in the US population and then to other nations.
    (AP, 10/30/07)

1968        Marie Vieux-Chauvet (1916-1973) published her Haitian trilogy “Love, Anger, Madness.” It was withdrawn soon after publication France following a government warning that it would endanger the author’s family. It was released again in France in 2005 and in English in 2009.
    (Econ, 8/15/09, p.78)

1968        Jean Dominique (d.2000) purchased the lease on Radio Haiti Inter and initiated broadcasts in Creole. Dominique was forced in to exile in 1980, but returned in 1986.
    (SFC, 4/30/04, p.E6)

1971        Apr 21, In Haiti Francois "Papa Doc" Duvalier (b.1907) died. He was succeeded by his teenage son Jean-Claude "Baby-Doc" Duvalier (19), under the guidance of Simone Duvalier, aka "Mama Doc."
    (SFC,12/31/97, p.A9)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fran%C3%A7ois_Duvalier)

1980        Aug 5, Hurricane "Allen" battered the southern peninsula of Haiti, leaving more than 200 dead in its wake. Hurricane Allen went on to hit the southeastern US.
    (AP, 8/5/00)(SFEC, 6/6/99, p.A17)

1980        Jean-Claude Duvalier married Michele Bennett in a lavish wedding ceremony.
    (SFC,12/31/97, p.A17)

1980        In Haiti Journalist Richard Brisson (d.1982) was sent into exile under the rule of dictator Jean-Claude Duvalier.
    (SFC, 10/20/98, p.C12)

1982        Jan, In Haiti journalist Richard Brisson was murdered. He was part of a small group of guerrillas attempting to overthrow dictator Jean-Claude Duvalier. Brisson died in detention between Jan. 11 and March 26 after interrogation by the military. The manager of his station, he was arrested with two others on Jan. 11 and charged with attempting to topple the government of then-President Jean-Claude Duvalier.
    (SFC, 10/20/98, p.C12)(www.newseum.org/scripts/Journalist/Detail.asp?PhotoID=465)

1985        Apr, Students in Gonaives, Haiti, began a popular uprising that led to the fall of the Duvalier family dictatorship. After protests by religious groups against Duvalier's leadership, bloody confrontations are sparked between anti-government demonstrators and Duvalier's private militia, called Tonton Macoutes.
    (Econ, 2/14/04, p.33)(AP, 1/17/11)

1985        Nov 27, In Haiti 3 students were slain by security forces in Gonaives in the first of several bloody confrontations with anti-government demonstrators.
    (AP, 1/17/11)

1985        Dec, Protests broadened across Haiti. Duvalier ordered a significant reshuffle of his Cabinet.
    (AP, 1/17/11)

1986        Jan 31, Following weeks of unrest, White House spokesman Larry Speakes announced the collapse of the Duvalier government, a report that was later denied by Haitian and US officials.
    (AP, 1/17/11)

1986        Jan, In Haiti Duvalier's administration closed schools and universities and forbade radio stations to report on the turmoil engulfing the country. More than 50 people were killed in disturbances, most by Tonton Macoutes. Duvalier declared 30-day state of siege.
    (AP, 1/17/11)

1986        Feb 1, In Haiti 2 days of anti-government riots in Port-au-Prince resulted in 14 dead.
    (HN, 2/1/99)

1986        Feb 7, Haitian President-for-Life Jean-Claude "Baby Doc" Duvalier was ousted from power and fled his country, ending 28 years of family rule. He fled to France with his wife and mother. Henri Namphy became leader of Haiti. Duvalier and his cronies reportedly embezzled some $500 million during his last decade of rule.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1986)(SFC,12/31/97, p.A17)(AP, 2/7/97)(WSJ, 4/16/03, p.A1)

1986        Feb 10, In Haiti a provisional government, headed by Namphy, named a 19-member Cabinet. It dissolved the Assembly and Tonton Macoutes, reopened schools, freed political prisoners, and sought to recover Duvaliers' assets. US aid resumed after being halted because of Duvalier abuses.
    (AP, 1/17/11)

1987        Mar 29, Haiti’s Constitution barred Duvalierists from candidacy for 10 years. The new Constitution also abolished the death penalty.
    (SFC, 9/21/00, p.C6)(AP, 1/17/11)

1987        In Haiti Paul Farmer, American doctor and anthropologist, helped create a community-based health care system called Zanmi Lasante (Partners in Health). Partners In Health (PIH) was founded by Farmer, Thomas J. White, and Todd McCormack to support activities in Cange. In 2003 Tracy Kidder authored “Mountains Beyond Mountains,” the story of Dr. Farmer. In 2004 Farmer authored “Pathologies of Power.”
    (Econ, 1/3/04, p.61)(www.pih.org/whoweare/history.html)(SFC, 2/8/08, p.E1)

1988        Jan 17, Haiti held a presidential election run by the military-led junta that was boycotted by the opposition.
    (AP, 1/17/98)

1988        Jan 24, The government of Haiti declared Leslie Manigat winner of that country's presidential election. However, Manigat was overthrown by Haiti's military leader, Lt. Gen. Henri Hamphy, the following June.
    (AP, 1/24/98)

1988        Feb 7, Leslie Manigat was sworn in as Haiti's president. However, he lost power the following June.
    (AP, 2/7/97)

1988        Sep 17, Haitian President Henri Hamphy was ousted in a coup; Lt. Gen. Prosper Avril declared himself president the following day.
    (AP, 9/17/98)

1988        Sep 11,  In Haiti 12 people died when the San Juan Bosco Church was burned.
    (www.country-data.com/cgi-bin/query/r-5568.html)

1988        Some 4,000 tons of toxic ash from an incinerator in Philadelphia, that wandered the oceans since 1986, was dumped in Lapierre, Haiti.
    (SFC, 3/14/98, p.A10)

1989        In Haiti Guy Francois (d.2006), commander of the feared Dessalines Battalion in Port-au-Prince, was accused of conspiring with other officers in a failed attempt to topple dictator Lt. Gen. Prosper Avril. The plot was foiled and Francois fled to Venezuela. He later returned.
    (AP, 9/15/06)

1990        Mar 10, Haitian ruler Lt. Gen. Prosper Avril resigned during a popular uprising against his military regime.
    (AP, 3/10/00)

1990        Dec 16, Jean-Bertrand Aristide, a left-leaning former Catholic priest, was elected president of Haiti in the country’s first democratic elections. He was overthrown in a military coup in 1991, but was later restored to power.
    (SFC, 3/9/99, p.A12)(AP, 12/16/00)

1991        Jan 7, Loyalist troops in Haiti crushed a coup attempt that had threatened the transition of power to the country’s first freely elected president, Jean-Bertrand Aristide.
    (AP, 1/7/01)

1991        Feb 7, The Rev. Jean-Bertrand Aristide was sworn in as Haiti's first democratically elected president.
    (AP, 2/7/97)

1991        Sep 30, In Haiti the military under Lt. Gen. Raoul Cedras overthrew Jean-Bertrand Aristide, the country's first freely elected president. He was later returned to power. The Prime Minister, Rene Preval, managed to escape to the French embassy hidden in the trunk of a car.
    (WSJ, 12/14/95, p.A-10)(AP, 9/30/01)(ST, 3/2/04, p.A1)

1991        Oct 1, President Bush strongly condemned the military coup in Haiti, suspending U.S. economic and military aid and demanding the immediate return to power of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide.
    (AP, 10/1/01)

1991        Oct 2, Ousted Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide asked the Organization of American States in Washington to send a delegation to his homeland to demand that the newly installed military junta surrender power immediately.
    (AP, 10/2/01)

1991        Oct 4, Pres. Bush signed Executive Order 12775 which prohibited certain transactions with respect to Haiti.
    (www.archives.gov/federal-register/executive-orders/1991.html#12775)

1991        Oct 29,  The US suspended all trade with Haiti, excluding basic foods and medicines and commercial flights, and ordered home all nonessential US government employees and their dependents.
    (www.hrw.org/reports/1992/WR92/AMW2.htm)

1991        Nov 23, The bodies of 35 drowned Haitian refugees were recovered off the coast of eastern Cuba.
    (AP, 11/23/02)

1991        Haitian refugees fled to the US base at Guantanamo, Cuba. Hundreds were refused further passage to the US, many because of HIV infection.
    (SSFC, 1/20/02, p.A7)

1991-1994    Emmanuel "Toto" Constant headed the Front for the Advancement and Progress of Haiti. He was also a paid US CIA agent and members of FRAPH were believed responsible for many of the 3,000 political killings over this period. Louis-Jodel Chamblain co-founded FRAPH.
    (SFC, 6/21/96, p.A14)(ST, 3/2/04, p.A3)

1992        Feb 2, The U.S. Coast Guard shipped home 250 more Haitian refugees from the Guantanamo Bay Naval Base in Cuba, a day after repatriating a shipload of about 150 Haitians.
    (AP, 2/2/02)

1992        May 21: The Coast Guard announced that high-seas interdiction of Haitian refugees was being drastically scaled back because refugee camps at the U.S. naval base at Guantanamo, Cuba, were filled.
    (AP, 5/21/97)

1992        May 23, Pres. Bush issued Executive Order 12807 authorizing the repatriation of Haitian refugees interdicted by the Coast Guard.
    (http://uscis.gov/graphics/aboutus/history/nov91.htm)

1992        May 26, The White House announced that the Coast Guard was returning a group of Haitian refugees picked up at sea to their homeland under a new executive order signed by Bush.
    (AP, 5/26/97)

1992        Jun 19, Marc Louis Bazin (1932-2010) became prime minister of Haiti and served for one year.
    (AP, 6/17/10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marc_Bazin)


1992        Aug 1, The US Supreme Court permitted the Bush administration to continue returning Haitians intercepted at sea to their Caribbean homeland.
    (AP, 8/1/97)

1993        Feb 16-1993 Feb 17, An overcrowded ferry carrying up to 1,500 people sank between Jeremie and Port-au-Prince, Haiti, killing an estimated 500-700 people; only 285 people were known to have survived.
    (AP, 2/17/98)(AP, 2/3/06)

1993        Mar 16, President Clinton met with ousted Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide; afterward, Clinton announced he was sending a special envoy to Haiti to seek a return to democracy.
    (AP, 3/16/98)

1993        Jun 16, The UN authorized an arms and oil embargo against Haiti.
    (www.un.org/News/ossg/haiti.htm)

1993        Jun 21, The US Supreme Court ruled that Haitian boat people could be stopped at sea and returned home without asylum hearings.
    (AP, 6/21/98)

1993        Jul 3, Ousted Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide and Haiti's military chief, Lt. Gen. Raoul Cedras, separately signed an accord designed to return Aristide to power.
    (AP, 7/3/98)

1993        Aug 27, The U.N. Security Council suspended 2 1/2-month-old economic sanctions against Haiti to spur the country's return to democracy. They were reimposed the following October.
    (AP, 8/27/98)

1993        Aug 30, Robert Malval was installed as prime minister of Haiti during a ceremony at the Haitian Embassy in Washington.
    (AP, 8/30/98)

1993        Sep 11, Antoine Izmery, a prominent supporter of exiled Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, was shot and killed outside a church in Port-au-Prince; the UN mission accused Haitian armed forces of involvement. Louis-Jodel Chamblain was later convicted in absentia for his role in the murder.
    (AP, 9/11/98)(SFC, 3/24/04, p.A9)

1993        Oct 11, In Haiti, army-backed toughs prevented American troops from landing as part of a U.N. peace mission and drove away U.S. diplomats waiting to greet the soldiers.
    (AP, 10/11/98)

1993        Oct 12, Hundreds of militant right-wingers in Haiti cheered as an American warship retreated in a major setback for a U.N. mission to restore democracy.
    (HN, 10/12/98)

1993        Oct 13, The U.N. Security Council voted to reimpose sanctions on Haiti unless military leaders there stopped violating a U.N.-brokered accord.
    (AP, 10/13/98)

1993        Oct 14, In Haiti, gunmen assassinated Justice Minister Guy Malary, a supporter of ousted President Jean-Bertrand Aristide.
    (SFEC, 10/13/96, p.A15)(AP, 10/14/98)

1993        Oct 15, President Clinton sent six warships to the waters off Haiti to enforce trade sanctions in the face of defiant Haitian military rulers.
    (AP, 10/15/98)

1993        Oct 16, The U.N. Security Council endorsed the deployment of U.S. warships to block arms and oil shipments to Haiti in an attempt to increase pressure on Haiti's military leaders.
    (AP, 10/16/98)

1993        Oct 19, The United States intercepted its first ship bound for Haiti since an oil and weapons embargo was reimposed by United Nations.
    (AP, 10/19/98)

1993        Oct 28, A US CIA report mentioned FRAPH and Emmanuel Constant in connection with the killing of Justice Minister Guy Mallory. The report says the Haitian junta’s chief of staff, Gen. Philippe Biamby and his associates coordinated the murder.
    (SFEC, 10/13/96, p.A15)
1993        Oct 28, Ousted Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, speaking at the United Nations, called for a trade blockade to Haiti to force out its military leaders.
    (AP, 10/28/98)

1993        Oct 30, A United Nations deadline for ousted Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide to return to power passed with the country's military still in control.
    (AP, 10/30/03)

1993        Nov 5, Talks on restoring ousted Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide to power collapsed when military representatives failed to attend.
    (AP, 11/5/98)

1994        Feb 15, US asked Aristide to adopt a peace plan for Haiti.
    (http://tinyurl.com/bwfuh)

1994        Apr 22, In Robateau, Haiti, a shantytown of Gonaives city, soldiers and paramilitary burst into dozens of homes and beat and killed a number of people. In 2000 16 ex-soldiers and cohorts were found guilty of the massacre. Another 38 people, charged with masterminding the killings and all living in exile, were scheduled for a later trial. Another 37 defendants were tried in absentia and sentenced to life in prison. Louis-Jodel Chamblain was among those convicted in absentia for his role in the murders.
    (SFC, 11/11/00, p.A14)(SFC, 11/17/00, p.D6)(SFC, 3/24/04, p.A9)

1994        May 22, A worldwide trade embargo against Haiti went into effect to punish Haiti's military rulers for not reinstating the country's ousted elected leader, Jean-Bertrand Aristide.
    (AP, 5/22/99)

1994        Jun 10, President Clinton intensified sanctions against Haiti's military leaders, suspending U.S. commercial air travel and most financial transactions between the two countries.
    (AP, 6/10/99)

1994        Jun 27, U.S. Coast Guard cutters intercepted 1,330 Haitian boat people on the high seas in one of the busiest days since refugees began leaving Haiti following a 1991 military coup.
    (AP, 6/27/99)

1994        Jul 5, In an attempt to halt a surge of Haitian refugees, the Clinton administration announced it was refusing entry to new Haitian boat people.
    (AP, 7/5/99)

1994        Jul 11, Haiti's army-backed regime ordered the expulsion of international human rights observers.
    (AP, 7/11/99)

1994        Jul 31, The U.N. Security Council authorized member states to use "all necessary means" to oust the military leadership in Haiti.
    (AP, 7/31/99)

1994        Aug 1, Supporters of Haiti's military rulers declared their intention to fight back in the face of a U.N. resolution paving the way for a U.S.-led invasion.
    (AP, 8/1/99)

1994        Sep 10, President Clinton, Vice President Al Gore and top national security advisers met to discuss intervention in Haiti, but made no final decisions.
    (AP, 9/10/99)

1994        Sep 18, Haiti's military leaders agreed to an Oct. 15 departure deadline, thereby averting a U.S.-led invasion to force them from power.
    (AP, 9/18/04)

1994        Sep 19, Some 3,000 U.S. troops peacefully entered Haiti to enforce the return of exiled President Jean-Bertrand Aristide. The US operation Uphold Democracy began in Haiti and ended Mar 31, 1995. They cost $1.1 billion and left 4 US casualties with 3 wounded.
    (AP, 9/19/99)(www.au.af.mil/au/aul/bibs/haiti/haiti99.htm)

1994        Sep 22, The United States stepped up its military control of Haiti, breaking up heavy weapons, guarding pro-democracy activists and giving U.S. troops more leeway to use force.
    (AP, 9/22/99)

1994        Sep 24, A firefight erupted between U.S. Marines and a group of armed Haitians outside a police station in the northern coastal city of Cap-Haitien; 10 of the Haitians were killed.
    (AP, 9/24/99)

1994        Sep, Pres. Clinton ordered 20,000 US troops into Haiti to restore a democratically elected government and to stop the flow of boat people to Florida.
    (SFC, 8/27/99, p.A14)

1994        Oct 2, U.S. soldiers in Haiti detained several leaders of the country's pro-army militias as part of an effort to dismantle armed opposition to restoration of elected rule.
    (AP, 10/2/99)

1994        Oct 3, U.S. soldiers in Haiti raided the headquarters of a hated pro-army militia.
    (AP, 10/3/99)

1994        Oct 4, Exiled Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide vowed in an address to the U.N. General Assembly to return to Haiti in 11 days.
    (AP, 10/4/99)

1994        Oct 10, Lt. Gen. Raoul Cedras resigned as commander-in-chief of Haiti's armed forces and pledged to leave the country.
    (AP, 10/10/99)

1994        Oct 11, U.S. troops in Haiti took over the National Palace.
    (AP, 10/11/99)

1994        Oct 15, Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide returned to his country, three years after being overthrown by army rulers. The U.N. Security Council welcomed Aristide's return by voting to lift stifling trade sanctions imposed against Haiti. The US had led an invasion, Operation Restore Democracy, to restore Pres. Aristide. Emmanuel "Toto" Constant left Haiti for the US when Jean-Bertrand Aristide was reinstated as president. The US invasion was described in 1999 by Bob Shacochis in "The Immaculate Invasion." Shacochis served there for 18 months as a Special Forces noncombatant.
    (SFC, 7/15/96, p.A10)(SFC, 6/21/96, p.A14)(SFEC, 2/14/99, BR p.1)(WSJ, 2/18/99, p.A20)(AP, 10/15/99)

1994        Oct, US Pres. Clinton cited FRAPH as a primary reason for US military intervention.
    (SFC, 6/21/96, p.A14)

1994        Nov 8-21, Hurricane Gordon caused 1,137 deaths in the Caribbean and eight in the United States. The storm hit Nicaragua, Cuba and Haiti before striking Florida.
    (AP, 9/11/04)(www.wunderground.com)

1994        Nov 14, Heavy rains and flooding from Tropical Storm Gordon swept across Haiti, killing several hundred people.
    (AP, 11/14/99)

1994        Police chief Lt. Col. Michel Francois fled to the Dominican Republic 2 weeks after the arrival of US troops.
    (SFC, 3/8/96, p.A10)

1994        Susie Scott Krabacher, Miss Playboy for May 1983, organized the construction of a health-care center and food-kitchen for abandoned children in Haiti.
    (WSJ, 3/1/04, p.A1)

1995        Jan 6, Haitians housed at Guantanamo Bay Naval Base in Cuba were sent home by the U.S. military against the refugees' will and over protests of refugee advocates.
    (AP, 1/6/00)

1995        Jan 12, In Port-au-Prince, Haiti, an American soldier was killed and another wounded during a shootout with a former Haitian army officer who also was killed.
    (AP, 1/12/00)

1995         Feb 6, Pres. Jean-Bertrand Aristide disbanded the Haitian army and replaced it with a civilian police force.
    (AP, 2/11/04)

1995        Feb 23, Former U.S. President Jimmy Carter arrived in Haiti to help prepare for peaceful elections.
    (AP, 2/23/00)

1995        Feb 25, Former President Jimmy Carter wound up a 54-hour visit to Haiti, denying he'd been given a chilly reception by Haitians whom he'd helped save from a potentially bloody U.S.-led intervention.
    (AP, 2/25/00)

1995        Mar, The UN began a mission to train a new Haitian police force to replace the demobilized army.
    (SFC, 8/27/99, p.A14)

1995        May 13, Army Capt. Lawrence Rockwood was convicted at his court-martial in Fort Drum, N.Y., of conducting an unauthorized investigation of reported human rights abuses at a Haitian prison. Rockwood was dismissed from the military the next day.
    (AP, 5/13/05)

1995        Nov 23, A wave of violence in Haiti claimed at least 3 more deaths following President Jean-Bertrand Aristide's Nov. 7 call for a disarmament campaign.
    (AP, 11/23/02)

1995         Nov, Port-au-Prince, a member of Haiti's Parliament was shot dead and another seriously wounded.
    (WSJ, 11/7/95, p.A-1)
1995         Nov, Aristide agreed to step down on Feb. 7, 1996 and the elections would be held on Dec. 17, 1995. Last week 47 boat people drowned trying to get to the US.
    (WSJ, 11/28/95, p.A-1)

1995         Dec 17, Low voter turnout marked the elections and Rene Preval appears to have won in the field of 14 candidates.
    (WSJ, 12/18/95, p.A-1)

1995         Dec 23, Rene Preval, Aristide's protege, was elected president. Term limit prohibited Aristide from running.
    (AP, 2/11/04)

1995         The home of presidential candidate Leon Jeune was sprayed with bullets. He was a front runner against the incumbent party, Lavalas, whose candidate was Rene Preval.
    (WSJ, 12/15/95, p.A-17)

1995        In Haiti Jean Jean-Pierre produced the First Int'l. Haitian Roots Music Festival.
    (NH, 12/98, p.8)

1996        Apr 2, More than 100 Haitians died when a ferry sank.
    (WSJ, 4/3/96, p.A-1)

1996        May 31, Residents of a small town were enraged at the slaying of their mayor in Port-au-Prince and stormed a rural police station where 7 suspects were being held and hacked them to death.
    (SFC, 6/1/96, p.A12)

1996        Mar, More than 100 people were drowned when a ferry sank off the southwest peninsula.
    (SFC, 9/9/97, p.A10)

1996        Jun 21, The US refused to return Emmanuel "Toto" Constant to Haiti to face charges of leading a terror campaign against pro democracy forces while being paid as a CIA agent.
    (SFC, 6/21/96, p.A14)

1996        Jun 26, At least 30 children died of acute kidney failure after taking contaminated liquid acetaminophen made by a company in Haiti. Another 38 were being treated for acute kidney failure. Glycerin from China was contaminated with diethylene glycol as it was shipped to Haiti. It was then used in children's medication that killed 86 people from 1995-1996.
    (SFC, 6/26/96, p.A9)(AP, 10/27/06)

1996        Jun 28, The UN Security Council voted to extend the peacekeeper force in Haiti for 5 more months.
    (SFC, 7/15/96, p.A10)   
1996        Aug 12, The unemployment rate hovered at 80%.
    (SFC, 8/12/96, p.A14)

1996        Aug 19, In Haiti about 20 former soldiers attacked the Port-au-Prince police headquarters. One person, a shoeshine man, was killed and several injured.
    (SFC, 8/20/96, p.A10)

1996        Aug 20, Two conservative politicians were killed in drive-by shootings.
    (SFC, 8/21/96, p.A9)

1996        Sep 26, The US announced the return to Haiti of documents confiscated 2 years ago from the Haitian army and pro-military party.
    (SFC, 9/27/96, p.A13)

1996        Oct 1, It was confirmed that a plot to undermine the government was squelched. The Committee of Soldiers’ Demands, representing former soldiers, had plotted to destabilize the government. More US trained Haitian-American police officers and money from the IMF was expected before the expiration of the current UN mandate.
    (SFC, 10/2/96, p.A7)

1996        Nov 30, The current UN mandate in Haiti expired. It was extended one year.
    (SFC, 10/2/96, p.A7)(SFEC,11/30/97, p.A20)

1996        The Aristide Foundation was founded to low-cost loans and assistance to the Haitian people.
    (SFC, 3/9/99, p.A12)

1997        Jan 9, Former Pres. Jean-Bertrand Aristide began forming a new political party called the Lavalas Family. Lavalas means flash flood and is synonymous with democracy.
    (SFC, 1/10/96, p.A15)

1997        Jan 16, Strikes swept the country and protestors demanded the resignation of premier Rosny Smarth and an end to IMF-backed austerity measures..
    (WSJ, 1/17/97, p.A1)

1997        Mar 7, The former Haiti police chief, Lt. Col. Michel Francois, was arrested in Honduras for helping to smuggle 33 tons of Columbian drugs through Haiti into the US. Francois had fled to the Dominican Republic in 1994.
    (SFC, 3/8/96, p.A10)

1997        Jun 9, Premier Rosny Smarth resigned over differences in the legislative voting of Apr 6 that many observers say was rigged. At stake was an int’l. austerity plan supported by Smarth and opposed by Aristide.
    (SFC, 6/10/97, p.A16)

1997        Jul 17, Disney sub-contractor H.H. Cutler announced that it would terminate its business in Haiti due to slumping sales of children’s clothes. Some 2,300 jobs would be lost. Int’l. activists had criticized the operations for wages as low as $.28 per hour. The unemployment rate was at 80%.
    (SFC, 7/18/97, p.A12)

1997        Sep 8, In Haiti the ferry, Pride of Gonave, sank in the Saint Marc Channel off Montrouis. The 60-foot vessel was chartered for only 80 passengers. The recovered bodies numbered 170. A Haitian ferry, the Pride of Gonave, capsized, killing about three-quarters of the 200 people aboard.
    (SFC, 9/9/97, p.A10)(SFC, 9/10/97, p.A10)(WSJ, 9/17/97, p.A1)(AP, 9/8/98)

1997        Nov 5, It was reported that falling orders for H.H. Cutler, a contractor for the Walt Disney Corp., left some 800 employees without jobs. The minimum wage was quoted as $2.12 per day.
    (SFC,11/5/97, p.C2)

1997        Nov 30, The UN mandate for peace-keeping forces ended and 1,170 soldiers prepared to leave.
    (SFEC,11/30/97, p.A20)

1997        Dec 26, Simone Duvalier, wife of Francois "Papa Doc" and mother of Jean-Claude "Baby Doc" Duvalier, died in France.
    (SFC,12/31/97, p.A17)

1998        Jan, In the Dominican Republic the 6-month sugar cane harvest began and thousands of Haitians were entering the country illegally to work.
    (SFC, 1/21/98, p.A9)

1998        Apr 4, During a visit to Haiti, Secretary of State Madeleine Albright urged leaders to stop political infighting that had paralyzed the Caribbean nation for nearly a year.
    (AP, 4/4/99)

1998        Jun 9, Some 30 Haitians drowned when police in the British Turks and Caicos Islands fired on a boat jammed with about 100 refugees.
    (WSJ, 6/10/98, p.A1)

1998        Jun 30, In Haiti Theodore Beaubrun, a leading comedian, died at age 79.
    (SFC, 7/4/98, p.C2)

1998        Sep 15-Oct 1, Hurricane Georges caused 602 deaths in the Caribbean and four in the United States. The storm hit the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Cuba, Puerto Rico, Antigua, Guadeloupe, St. Kitts and Nevis, Anguilla and British and U.S. Virgin Islands before striking Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Florida.
    (AP, 9/11/04)(www.wunderground.com)

1998        Sep 23, The death toll from hurricane Georges reached 110. 17 people were killed in Haiti and 17 in the Dominican Republic as the storm hit Cuba.
    (SFC, 9/24/98, p.A12)(WSJ, 9/24/98, p.A1)

1998        Sep 24, The death toll from Hurricane Georges reached 172.
    (SFC, 9/25/98, p.A16)(SFC, 10/3/98, p.A11)(SFC, 10/7/98, p.A12)

1998        Oct 16, In Haiti a former judge, Luckner Pierrex, was arrested for the 1982 slaying of journalist Richard Brisson.
    (SFC, 10/20/98, p.C12)

1999        Jan 11, Pres. Preval announced that he would bypass the Parliament and appoint a new government by decree.
    (SFC, 1/13/99, p.A10)

1999        Jan 12, In Haiti 2 gunmen on motorcycle opened fire on a vehicle carrying the sister of Pres. Rene Preval. She was seriously wounded and her driver was killed.
    (SFC, 1/13/99, p.A10)

1999        Mar 1, In Haiti Senator Jean-Yvon Toussaint (47) was shot in the head in Delmas.
    (SFC, 3/2/99, p.A9)

1999        Mar 6, Some 40 Haitians were apparently drowned when 2 boats loaded with refugees sank. There were 3 survivors.
    (SFC, 3/8/99, p.A4)

1999        Mar 15, In Haiti a UN helicopter crashed in the mountains and 13 people were killed. They included 6 Argentines, 6 Russians and 1 American.
    (SFC, 3/16/99, p.A9)

1999        Mar 25, In Haiti Pres. Preval appointed a new government by decree.
    (WSJ, 3/26/99, p.A1)

1999        Aug 19, Guy Durosier, Haitian born singer, composer, saxophonist and organist, died at his home in Seattle at age 68.
    (SFC, 8/25/99, p.B2)

1999        Aug 26, US officials reported that its permanent military presence in Haiti would be replaced by temporary missions.
    (SFC, 8/27/99, p.A14)

1999        Dec 23, In Haiti violence began when a customer was killed trying to cash in a winning lottery ticket. 50 tin-roofed shacks were torched in Cite Soleil.
    (SFC, 12/24/99, p.A20)

2000        Jan 10, The child slave system in Haiti was described. Jean-Robert Cadet examined the slave children system of Haiti known as restavek, a Haitian term meaning "staying with" in his book "Restavec: From Haitian Slave Child to Middle-Class American," an account of his personal experiences.
    (SFC, 1/10/00, p.A10)

2000        Feb 25, It was reported that the number of HIV infected people in the Caribbean region ranged from 500,000-700,000. Cases in Haiti were estimated to be 330,000 and 150,000 in the Dominican Republic
    (SFC, 2/26/00, p.A10)

2000        Mar 3, Haiti postponed elections that were scheduled for Mar 19 due to organizational chaos that left 1 million voters unregistered.
    (WSJ, 3/6/00, p.A1)

2000        Apr 3, Jean Dominique (69), radio journalist, was killed by 2 gunmen as he drove in for a morning newscast in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. In 2004 Jonathan Demme debuted his documentary film "The Agronomist," a paean to Dominique.
    (SFC, 4/4/00, p.A12)(WSJ, 1/29/02, p.A1)(SFC, 4/30/04, p.E6)

2000        Apr 8, Violence broke out following the funeral of Jean Dominique and Aristide supporters set fire to offices of the Confederation of Democratic Unity in Port-au-Prince. The government continued to delay elections.
    (SFEC, 4/9/00, p.C13)

2000        Apr 21, Some 224 migrant Haitians landed in the Bahamas.
    (SFC, 4/28/00, p.D4)

2000        Apr 26, Some 122 migrant Haitians landed on Inagua, the southernmost island of the Bahamas. 15 Haitians were arrested when they landed near Key Biscayne, Florida.
    (SFC, 4/28/00, p.D4)

2000        Apr 27, Some 288 migrant Haitians were rescued from Flamingo Cay in the Bermuda Islands after their boat ran aground. 2-14 of the migrants died of exposure and dehydration while awaiting rescue.
    (SFC, 4/28/00, p.D4)(SFC, 4/29/00, p.A12)

2000        May 6, Ary Bordes, a prominent physician, was shot and killed by gunmen in a traffic jam.
    (SFC, 5/27/00, p.A26)

2000        May 21, In Haiti elections began for 7,625 positions. The Family Lavalas party of former Pres. Aristide won 14 of 19 senate seats. The international community put millions in foreign aid on hold until results are revised.
    (SFC, 5/22/00, p.A11)(SFC, 5/27/00, p.A13)(SFC, 5/31/00, p.A13)(AP, 2/11/04)

2000        May 26, Haitian rights activists denounced the arrests of dozens of opposition candidates following the apparent victory of the Lavalas party. Most of the arrested opposition candidates were soon released.
    (SFC, 5/27/00, p.A13)(SFC, 5/31/00, p.A13)

2000        Jun 18, Leon Manus (78), the top election official, refused to approve the results of the election and fled to the US.
    (SFC, 6/19/00, p.A9)

2000        Jun 19, Militant supporters of Pres. Aristide shut down the 3 largest cities and demanded the release of election results. The Elections Council in response announced that Aristide’s party won control of the Senate.
    (SFC, 6/20/00, p.A12)

2000        Jul 9, Voters in Haiti cast ballots for 44 seats of the 83-member Chamber of Deputies. Most voters ignored the balloting and int’l. observers called the elections "fundamentally flawed."
    (SFC, 7/10/00, p.A9)(WSJ, 7/14/00, p.A1)

2000        Sep 18, Clausel Debrosses (85), chief justice of the Supreme Court, died.
    (SFC, 9/21/00, p.C6)

2000        Nov 22, 7 bombs exploded around Port-au-Prince. One teenage boy was killed and 14 people were injured as weekend elections approached.
    (SFC, 11/23/00, p.D6)

2000        Nov 23, An explosion in Carrefour killed a 7-year-old girl on her way to school and injured 2 other people.
    (SFC, 11/24/00, p.D8)

2000        Nov 26, Major opposition parties boycotted the presidential elections and charged that legislative actions favored the candidates of Jean-Bertrand Aristide. Aristide won 92% of the votes.
    (SFC, 11/27/00, p.A8)(SFC, 11/30/00, p.A18)

2000        Nov, A Haitian court sentenced Emmanuel "Toto" Constant to life in prison following his conviction for in absentia for the 1994 massacre of slum dwellers loyal to Pres. Aristide.
    (SFC, 12/26/00, p.C6)

2000        Dec 4, It was reported that a mutated oral polio vaccine infected at least 3 people in the Dominican Republic and Haiti. That standard vaccine appeared to work against the mutated strain.
    (SFC, 12/4/00, p.E2)(WSJ, 4/16/02, p.A1)

2001        Jan 9, In Port-au-Prince Paul Raymond, a militant priest of the Little Church Community read a statement that threatened death to 80 establishment politicians, journalists and clerics opposed to Pres. Aristide.
    (SFC, 2/3/01, p.A8)

2001        Feb 6, The 15-party opposition alliance Convergence named Gerard  Gourgue as the country’s provisional president.
    (SFC, 2/7/01, p.A12)

2001        Feb 7, Pres. Aristide took power in Haiti for a 2nd term and offered a series of national reforms with plans for new schools, roads, electricity systems and an independent court in each of the country’s 565 townships.
    (SFC, 2/8/01, p.C3)(AP, 2/11/04)

2001        Mar 20, Violence flared in Port-au-Prince as Aristide supporters attacked an opposition party office with firebombs.
    (SFC, 3/21/01, p.A13)

2001        Apr 5, Marc Ashton, a US businessman, was kidnapped in front of his home near Port-au-Prince.
    (SFC, 4/6/01, p.D6)

2001        Jun 26, A bus crash near St. Louis du Sud left 41 people dead.
    (SFC, 6/28/01, p.A10)

2001        Dec 17, In Haiti 33 gunmen, ex-members of the disbanded military, attacked the national penitentiary, were rebuffed and moved on to the National Palace. At least 10 people were killed. Opposition buildings were attacked in response. Pres. Aristide called the attack a failed coup. Opposition called the attack a staged event to crush dissent. A captured former soldier later said the attack was a coup attempt and that fellow conspirators included a former colonel and 2 former police chiefs. Former Col. Guy Francois was accused of helping plot the attack and  spent two years in prison for his alleged role despite maintaining his innocence.
    (SFC, 12/18/01, p.A3)(SFC, 12/19/01, p.A4)(WSJ, 12/18/01, p.A1)(SFC, 12/21/01, p.A3)(AP, 12/17/02)(AP, 9/15/06)

2001        Dec, Fearing a mass exodus of Haitian boatpeople, the Bush administration made a secret decision to keep Haitian asylum seekers jailed until their cases are decided.
    (AP, 2/11/04)

2002        Jan 21, Haiti’s prime minister quit amid political and economic woes. The government of Jean-Marie Cherestal was bedeviled by doubts of legitimacy in the 2000 elections.
    (WSJ, 1/22/02, p.A1)

2002        Jan 25, A boat full of Haitian migrants capsized near the Bahamas and at least 14 people were drowned.
    (SFC, 1/26/02, p.AA8)

2002        May 10, A crowded Haitian boat capsized as it was approached by a US Coast Guard cutter and 12 people drowned.
    (SFC, 5/11/02, p.A12)

2002        Jun 1, In Haiti many co-ops shut down and the owners vanished with the depositors' savings. Many lost their life savings and property to a cooperative banking scheme that left untold thousands across Haiti in despair.
    (AP, 7/27/02)

2002        Jul 5, In Guyana the Caribbean Community trading bloc wrapped up a summit that was marred early on by violence and admitted Haiti as its 15th member.
    (AP, 7/5/02)

2002        Jul, Government-endorsed cooperative banks collapsed across Haiti, losing the life savings of thousands, amid allegations the accounts were used to launder drug money. Violent protests ensue and more Haitians try to reach U.S. shores.
    (AP, 2/11/04)

2002        Aug 2, In Gonaives, Haiti, gunmen broke through the wall of a prison, freeing  Amiot Metayer, a former presidential supporter and head of the Cannibal Army, a militant communal group. 159 of 221 inmates escaped.
    (AP, 8/3/02)

2002        Aug 10, A UNICEF report said about 2,500 Haitian children are smuggled illegally into the Dominican Republic each year to work as manual laborers or beggars.
    (AP, 8/10/02)

2002        Oct 29, More than 200 illegal Haitian migrants jumped overboard and rushed onto a major Miami highway, bringing attention to the plight of a people desperate to escape the unending violence created by Haiti's politics and poverty.
    (AP, 2/11/04)

2002        Nov 28, Thousands of Haitians demonstrated against President Jean-Bertrand Aristide's government and clashed with whip-wielding Aristide supporters.
    (AP, 11/29/02)

2002        Edwidge Danticat authored "After the Dance: A Walk Through Carnival in Haiti."
    (SSFC, 8/25/02, p.M2)
2002        Derek Walcott authored "Haitian Trilogy," an attempt to capture Haitian history in verse.
    (SSFC, 5/19/02, p.M4)

2003        Jan 24, In Haiti thousands of business leaders, taxi drivers and doctors held a general strike, clamoring for a better life in the poor nation.
    (AP, 1/24/03)

2003        Apr 3, Haiti's government officially sanctioned voodoo as a religion, allowing practitioners to begin performing ceremonies from baptisms to marriages with legal authority.
    (AP, 4/10/03)(AP, 2/11/04)

2003        Apr 14, A boat off the coast of the Dominican Republic loaded with more than 100 Haitian migrants struck a reef and capsized after drifting nearly a week, killing 4 passengers.
    (AP, 4/15/03)

2003        May 12, Haiti agreed to cut spending and stabilize its currency in a deal with the International Monetary Fund.
    (AP, 5/13/03)

2003        Jul 9, Haiti paid $32 million in arrears to the Inter-American Development Bank, nearly wiping out its foreign reserves in its effort to resume frozen international loans.
    (AP, 7/10/03)

2003        Jul 21, In Haiti a high tension wire snapped and fell, electrocuting 15 people who were gathered to watch the final match of a basketball game in Petit-Goave. All 15 died.
    (AP, 7/22/03)

2003        Jul 25, In Haiti gunmen ambushed a delegation from the Interior Ministry on a central highway, killing 4 and seriously wounding one.
    (AP, 7/25/03)

2003        Jul 26, In Haiti  a 4-day Voodoo religion pilgrimage, ended. It began with rituals to Ogou, the god of war, and ended with rites to the goddess of love, Erzuli. This year's crowd of more than 10,000 was half the turnout of last year.
    (AP, 7/28/03)

2003        Aug 24, A twin-engine turboprop Let L-410 crashed in Haiti and 21 people were killed.
    (AP, 8/26/03)

2003        Aug 29, In Haiti's west-coast city of St. Marc torrential rains burst river banks, left at least 24 people dead and destroyed dozens of flimsy riverside shacks.
    (AP, 9/2/03)(AP, 9/11/03)

2003        Sep 22, In Haiti the bullet-riddled body of Amiot Metayer (39) was found, more than a year after he escaped from prison and allegedly went on a rampage terrorizing government opponents. 3 days of protests followed the news.
    (AP, 9/23/03)(SFC, 9/26/03, p.A3)

2003        Oct 2, In Haiti police trying to raid a shantytown touched off a gunfight that killed five men in the city of Gonaives.
    (AP, 10/3/03)

2003        Oct 5, In Port-Au-Prince, Haiti, landslides caused by heavy rains swept down on poor areas of the capital, killing at least 12 people and leaving dozens of others homeless.
    (AP, 10/6/03)

2003        Oct 14, In St. Marc, Haiti, protesters hurled rocks at police and blocked streets with flaming tire barricades for a 2nd day, demanding President Jean-Bertrand Aristide's resignation.
    (AP, 10/14/03)

2003        Oct 26, In western Haiti anti-government protesters loyal to a slain gang leader attacked a police station. Gunfire killed a girl on her bicycle and wounded the police chief and 2 officers.
    (AP, 10/26/03)

2003        Oct 27, In Haiti police raided Raboteau, a slain gang leader's seaside slum, and arrested a dozen of his cronies in retaliation for a police station attack the day before. At least one person was killed.
    (AP, 10/28/03)

2003        Nov 13, In Haiti hundreds of government opponents protested in Port-au-Prince, calling for the resignation of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide because of deepening poverty and insecurity in the Caribbean country.
    (AP, 11/13/03)

2003        Nov 14, In Haiti riot police fired tear gas at thousands of rock-throwing protesters as a demonstration against President Jean-Bertrand Aristide was overpowered by throngs of supporters of the Haitian leader.
    (AP, 11/15/03)

2003        Dec 11, In Haiti police fired tear gas and warning shots at thousands of students calling for President Jean-Bertrand Aristide's ouster, as four private radio stations shut down because government supporters called in death threats.
    (AP, 12/11/03)(SFC, 12/12/03, p.A3)

2003        Dec 16, In Haiti a strike to press for the ouster of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide closed down schools, stores and banks in Port-au-Prince.
    (AP, 12/16/03)

2003        Dec 17, Haiti police stormed and shut down a pro-opposition radio station, smashing studio equipment in what they said was a search for weapons.
    (AP, 12/18/03)

2003        Dec 22, In Haiti an armed gang opened fire on anti-government protesters during a clash that killed one man and left President Jean-Bertrand Aristide facing growing unrest. A radio station later reported that the death toll rose to eight.
    (AP, 12/22/03)(AP, 12/25/03)

2003        Dec 30, Haiti police hurled tear gas and fired warning shots in Port-au-Prince to break up a protest by thousands of government opponents, wounding at least two people.
    (AP, 12/31/03)

2003        Robert Fatton Jr. authored "Haiti’s Predatory Republic: The Unending Transition to Democracy."
    (WSJ, 4/11/03, p.A11)
2003        Tracy Kidder (b.1945) authored “Mountains Beyond Mountains: The Quest of Dr Paul Farmer, A Man Who Would Cure The World” the story of Dr. Farmer (b.1959) and the health clinic Farmer founded in Haiti in 1987.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Farmer)(SFC, 2/8/08, p.E1)

2004        Jan 1, President Jean-Bertrand Aristide pledged to improve life for his impoverished nation as police blocked thousands of anti-government demonstrators during celebrations marking Haiti's 200th anniversary of independence from France. More than 15,000 Aristide supporters rallied outside the National Palace as more than 5,000 government opponents massed in the capital's streets and faced off with police and government partisans.
    (AP, 1/1/04)(AP, 1/2/04)
2004        Jan 1, Pres. Thabo Mbeki of South Africa joined Pres. Aristide for Haiti’s independence celebrations.
    (WPR, 3/04, p.29)

2004        Jan 7, Haiti university students marched against Pres. Jean-Bertrand Aristide, sparking clashes that left at least 2 dead amid a swelling opposition movement against the leader.
    (AP, 1/7/04)

2004        Jan 18, Marches in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, continued against Pres. Aristide. Gunmen hiding inside a state-run TV station killed at least one marcher and wounded several other.
    (SFC, 1/19/04, p.A3)

2004        Jan 28, In Haiti one student was shot and killed as protests mounted against President Jean-Bertrand Aristide.
    (AP, 1/28/04)

2004        Feb 1, Tens of thousands of government opponents marched peacefully to demand President Jean-Bertrand Aristide's resignation. A day earlier Aristide vowed to disarm politically affiliated gangs, reform the police force and implement other measures to end the country's recent unrest.
    (AP, 2/1/04)

2004        Feb 5, In Haiti an armed opposition group, led by Butteur Metayer, seized control of Gonaives, Haiti's fourth-largest city, burning a police station, freeing prisoners and leaving at least four people reported dead and 20 wounded in clashes with police.
    (AP, 2/5/04)(ST, 3/2/04, p.A3)

2004        Feb 7, In Haiti police reinforcements fought bloody battles with gunmen as they tried to retake Gonaives from rebels who seized it. At least 7 police and 2 militants were killed.
    (AP, 2/8/04)

2004        Feb 9, In Haiti government police retook 2 of nearly a dozen towns seized by rebels as the death toll in the violent uprising rose to at least 40.
    (SFC, 2/9/04, p.A5)(AP, 2/9/05)

2004        Feb 10, In Haiti government supporters in Cap-Haitien, the second largest city, built flaming barricades to keep rebels out. UN aid officials warned of a looming humanitarian crisis.
    (AP, 2/10/04)

2004        Feb 11, In Haiti pro-Aristide supporters killed up to 50 residents of St. Marc.
    (Econ, 5/14/05, p.42)(www.haitipolicy.org/content/2969.htm)

2004        Feb 16, Ex-soldiers took Haiti's rebellion to the key central city of Hinche, torching the police station and freeing prisoners.
    (AP, 2/17/04)

2004        Feb 17, In Haiti pres. Aristide said the nation is in the throes of a coup attempt and appealed for international help.
    (WSJ, 2/18/04, p.A1)

2004        Feb 20,  The US and a host of other countries urged Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide and opposition leaders to form a broad-based government as a move toward ending weeks of bloody conflict. Haiti's poorly trained and equipped police put up little resistance as rebels moved against the government.
    (AP, 2/20/04)

2004        Feb 22, In Haiti rebels attacked the government's last major stronghold in the north, Cap-Haitien, and witnesses reported hearing gunfire on the outskirts of the city.
    (AP, 2/22/04)

2004        Feb 23, Rebels who overran Haiti's second-largest city began detaining people identified as supporters of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, and said they soon will attack Haiti's capital. Fifty combat-ready U.S. Marines were on their way to Port-au-Prince to secure the U.S. Embassy and its staff.
    (AP, 2/23/04)

2004        Feb 27, French Foreign Minister Dominique de Villepin held talks with leaders of Haiti's government on how to end a three-week rebellion.
    (AP, 2/27/04)

2004        Feb 28, In Haiti anarchy spread across the capital as residents looted warehouses, government loyalists attacked passers-by and rebels advanced closer to the seat of power.
    (AP, 2/28/04)

2004        Feb 29, Haiti's Pres. Jean-Bertrand Aristide resigned and flew into exile. The capital fell into chaos, and the US said international peacekeepers, including Americans, would be deployed soon. Boniface Alexandre, the Supreme Court Justice, took over as interim president. PM Yvon Neptune continued as head of the government. Guy Philippe (36), head of a band of former exiled soldiers, said his forces would stop fighting.
    (AP, 2/29/04)(ST, 3/2/04, p.A3)

2004        Mar 1, In Haiti rebels rolled into the capital and were met by hundreds of residents dancing in the streets and cheering the ouster of Pres. Jean-Bertrand Aristide. U.S. Marines and French troops moved to take control of the impoverished country as Aristide arrived in South Africa. There were reports of reprisal killings.
    (AP, 3/1/04)(WSJ, 3/2/04, p.A1)
2004        Mar 1, Jean-Bertrand Aristide from the Central African Republic said in a telephone interview that he was "forced to leave" Haiti by U.S. military forces.
    (AP, 3/1/04)(SFC, 3/02/04, p.A1)

2004        Mar 2, Haiti rebel leader Guy Philippe declared himself the new chief of Haiti's military, which had been disbanded by ousted President Jean-Bertrand Aristide.
    (AP, 3/2/04)

2004        Mar 3, Haitian looters found rotting stacks of cash, estimated at $350,000, stashed in a tunnel beneath former Pres. Aristide's mansion.
    (WSJ, 3/4/04, p.A14)
2004        Mar 3, In Petit Goave, Haiti, an armed posse tracked down Ti Roro. They beat him with sticks, took him to the morgue to identify his alleged victims, ringed him with gasoline-soaked tires and burned him alive. As he was burning, he admitted to all of the 15 people he killed in the last year.
    (AP, 3/5/04)

2004        Mar 5, In Haiti some 3 thousand supporters of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide marched on the U.S. and French embassies, shouting their anger at his ouster. A seven-member council met for the first time to help form a transitional government.
    (AP, 3/5/04)

2004        Mar 7, In Haiti U.S. Marines shot and killed one of the gunmen who fired at a huge demonstration of protesters celebrating the flight from Haiti of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide. That raised the toll to six dead and more than 30 injured in the protest.
    (AP, 3/8/04)

2004        Mar 8, In Haiti US Marines shot and killed the driver of a vehicle speeding up to a military checkpoint.
    (AP, 3/9/04)

2004        Mar 9, In Haiti Gerard Latortue (69), a lawyer and economist, was named as interim prime minister.
    (SFC, 3/10/04, p.A8)

2004        Mar 10, U.S. Marines shot and killed at least two Haitians in overnight gun battles.
    (AP, 3/10/04)

2004        Mar 12, Haiti's new prime minister, Gerard Latortue, was sworn into office. US Marines killed two men during a patrol in Haiti and said they were gunmen who had previously fired on the Marines, although their weapons were never recovered. Witnesses said the dead were bystanders.
    (AP, 3/14/04)(AP, 3/12/05)

2004        Mar 14, In Haiti French troops took over patrols in a slum where U.S. Marines killed at least two people.
    (AP, 3/14/04)

2004        Mar 15, Ousted Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide left his temporary exile in Africa and flew to Jamaica despite opposition to his presence in the Caribbean.
    (AP, 3/15/04)

2004        Mar 27, The 15-nation Caribbean Community withheld recognition from Haiti's U.S.-backed interim government as leaders closed a summit renewing calls for a U.N. investigation into the ouster of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide.
    (AP, 3/27/04)

2004        Apr 3, A U.S.-led multinational force trying to bring stability to Haiti helped detain Jean Robert, a rebel sympathizer and gang leader accused of terrorizing supporters of Aristide.
    (AP, 4/9/04)

2004        Apr 7, A U.S.-led multinational force trying to bring stability to Haiti helped detain  Wilford Ferdinand, a top rebel figure.
    (AP, 4/9/04)

2004        Apr 19, Chilean troops prepared to take up posts in central Haiti, extending the peacekeeping presence where as many as 400 rebels still hold sway.
    (AP, 4/19/04)

2004        Apr 22, In Haiti Louis-Jodel Chamblain, a rebel commander convicted of killing supporters of ousted President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, surrendered to justice officials.
    (AP, 4/23/04)

2004        May 4, In Haiti a provisional council was sworn to oversee fresh elections.
    (AP, 5/4/04)

2004        May 24, Heavy rains left as many as 2000 people dead across the island of Hispaniola. Health officials feared up to 1,000 people could be dead in the Haitian town of Mopau. Floods wiped out villages across Haiti and the Dominican Republic. The final toll was over 3,300 dead.
     (AP, 5/27/04)(SFC, 5/28/04, p.A3)(AP, 6/5/04)

2004        May 30, Ousted Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide left Jamaica for South Africa, saying it would be his "temporary home" until he could return to Haiti.
    (AP, 5/30/05)

2004        May 31, Ousted Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide and his family received a first-class diplomatic welcome from South Africa, his new home in exile.
    (AP, 5/31/04)

2004        Jun 1, In Haiti US commanders began turning over authority to a UN force under Gen. Augusto Pereira of Brazil.
    (SFC, 6/2/04, A1)

2004        Jun 19, It was reported that AIDS was the leading cause of death in Haiti, killing about 30,000 people a year. It had orphaned 200,000 children.
    (Econ, 6/19/04, p.39)

2004        Jun 22, In Haiti a fire ripped through a downtown section of Port-au-Prince, destroying more than 30 businesses.
    (AP, 6/23/04)

2004        Jun, Yvon Neptune, former prime minister, was imprisoned for his alleged role in a massacre in St. Marc. In 2005 he was still not charged and began a hunger strike.
    (Econ, 5/14/05, p.42)

2004        Jul 27, NYC Mayor Michael Bloomberg visited a slum in Haiti and met interim leaders.
    (AP, 7/27/04)

2004        Aug 17, In Haiti a jury acquitted Louis-Jodel Chamblain, the leader of a paramilitary group blamed for killing some 3,000 people, after a 14-hour murder trial.
    (AP, 8/17/04)

2004        Sep 13, In Haiti at least three people were killed from Hurricane Ivan. Some 73 homes were destroyed, mainly in the south by surging seas and battering waves.
    (AP, 9/14/04)

2004        Sep 19, Floodwaters brought by Tropical Storm Jeanne killed at least 90 people in Haiti.
    (AP, 9/20/04)

2004        Sep 21, The death toll across Haiti from Tropical Storm Jeanne topped 700, with some 500 of them in Gonaives. Officials expected to find more dead.
    (AP, 9/21/05)

2004        Sep 22, In Haiti, the death toll from Tropical Storm Jeanne topped 1,000.
    (AP, 9/22/05)

2004        Sep 23, Haiti officials said the death toll from Tropical Storm Jeanne rose to more than 1,070 and could double again.
    (AP, 9/23/04)

2004        Sep 26, Haitians surrounded by the destruction of Tropical Storm Jeanne prayed for the 1,500 dead during church services and gave thanks their lives were spared, while the UN rushed more peacekeepers in to stem looting in the ravaged city of Gonaives. Tropical Storm Jeanne wiped out 7% of Haiti’s GDP.
    (AP, 9/27/04)(Econ, 2/14/09, p.45)

2004        Sep 30, In Haiti at least 3 people were killed as Port-au-Prince police battled Aristide backers. Lack of security kept hurricane aid locked in warehouses.
    (WSJ, 10/1/04, p.A1)

2004        Oct 2, In Haiti authorities recovered the decapitated bodies of three policemen, among at least seven people killed in a 2nd day of violence. Aristide supporters demanded his return from exile in South Africa, launching what they called "Operation Baghdad."
    (AP, 10/2/04)(AP, 10/6/04)

2004        Oct 4, Officials in Haiti said they have found hundreds more bodies, raising the death toll from Tropical Storm Jeanne to nearly 2,000 people. Later estimates put the death toll at 3,000.
    (AP, 10/4/04)(AP, 11/1/07)

2004        Oct 7, In Haiti 2 beheaded bodies, one wrapped in tires and set ablaze, turned up Port-au-Prince.
    (AP, 10/8/04)

2004        Oct 10, Gerard Pierre-Charles (b.1935), a prominent Haitian intellectual and politician, died of heart failure in Cuba, where he was receiving emergency treatment for a lung infection. Pierre-Charles was an economist, who wrote at least 16 books, and a longtime communist whose ideology shifted toward the center after the fall of the Berlin Wall.
    (AP, 10/12/04)

2004        Oct 11-12, Records at Haiti’s Port-au-Prince hospital showed 17 people with gunshot wounds died, eight of them in the Cite Soleil seaside slum.
    (AP, 10/13/04)

2004        Oct 15, The US State Department said "restrictions on arms exports" to Haiti remained in place but promised to "consider requests from the interim government."
    (AP, 10/20/04)

2004        Oct 26, In Haiti residents of Port-au-Prince said  13 people were executed by police.
    (AP, 10/29/04)

2004        Nov 5, Latin American leaders wrapped up a two-day summit in Brazil with a pledge to help rid Haiti of political violence and grinding poverty.
    (AP, 11/5/04)

2004        Nov 6, In northwestern Haiti an armed group fired on a police station, prompting officers to flee while prisoners escaped and more than 100 people started a flurry of looting.
    (AP, 11/6/04)

2004        Nov 29, Butteur Metayer, a street gang leader who led the rebellion that forced Haiti's President Jean-Bertrand Aristide to flee, was arrested in Miami.
    (AP, 12/10/04)

2004        Dec 1, A prison riot followed other violence that left at least 11 people dead and scores wounded as Secretary of State Colin Powell visited with Haitian leaders in an effort to stop the country's bloodshed.
    (AP, 12/2/04)

2004        Dec 6, In Haiti gunfire erupted in a stronghold of ousted President Jean-Bertrand Aristide overnight, leaving at least three dead.
    (AP, 12/7/04)

2004        Dec 14, Shootouts erupted between residents of a slum outside Haiti's capital and UN troops after hundreds of international peacekeepers stormed the stronghold of former President Jean-Bertrand Aristide in an attempt to control flashpoints of violence. 4 people were killed.
    (AP, 12/15/04)

2004        Dec 18, In Haiti bands of former soldiers and armed residents looted police arsenals, set bonfires and fired shots into the air amid escalating chaos.
    (AP, 12/19/04)

2004        Dec 28, Haiti’s government agreed to give 10 years back pay to rebel soldiers, who helped overthrow Aristide, in a bid to end their insurrection.
    (WSJ, 12/29/04, p.A1)

2005        Jan 4, Doctors at Haiti's largest public hospital extended a weeklong strike to protest overdue paychecks.
    (AP, 1/4/05)

2005        Jan 14, Assailants robbed and severely beat two reporters for Haiti's largest newspaper while the journalists were covering a cleanup effort by U.N. peacekeepers in a slum.
    (AP, 1/15/05)

2005        Feb 10, In Haiti police hunting a rebel leader stormed a compound used by the disbanded army, exchanging gunfire with defenders. A grade school girl was killed in the crossfire.
    (AP, 2/11/05)

2005        Feb 19, In Haiti heavily armed gunmen attacked the national penitentiary, killing one guard in a shootout that allowed some 500 prisoners to escape.
    (AP, 2/21/05)

2005        Feb 26, In Haiti a Brazilian peacekeeper was wounded and the charred body of a man apparently burned alive with a tire around his neck lay in the deserted street of a slum where shots rang out and people peered fearfully from barred windows.
    (AP, 2/26/05)

2005        Mar 18, World donors approved $1 billion in aid projects for Haiti, promising to repair its roads and rebuild its battered power grid, in an effort to help the Western Hemisphere's poorest nation as it prepares for fall elections.
    (AP, 3/19/05)

2005        Mar 20, UN forces raided a police station occupied by armed former soldiers in Petit-Goave, 45 miles west of Port-au-Prince, setting of a gunbattle that killed two former soldiers and one Sri Lankan peacekeeper.
    (AP, 3/21/05)

2005        Mar 22, Gunmen in Port-au-Prince opened fire on the house of Haiti's justice minister, killing a police officer in a brazen attack that underscored the country's shaky security climate.
    (AP, 3/23/05)

2005        Mar 28, In Haiti gunmen with assault rifles ambushed a group of police in Port-au-Prince, spraying their car with bullets in a bold daylight attack that killed 2 officers and a driver.
    (AP, 3/28/05)

2005        Apr 9, Haitian police shot and killed Remissainthe Ravix, a prominent rebel leader, who helped force former President Jean-Bertrand Aristide into exile last year.
    (AP, 4/10/05)

2005        Apr 14, In Haiti a Filipino soldier was killed as U.N. forces pushed into a volatile slum controlled by heavily armed gangs loyal to deposed President Jean-Bertrand Aristide.
    (AP, 4/15/05)

2005        Apr 18, The annual Goldman Environmental Prizes were awarded in San Francisco. Recipients included Chavannes Jean-Baptiste of Haiti, founder of the Peasant Movement of Papay, for teaching sustainable agriculture and economic development.
    (SFC, 4/18/05, p.B2)

2005        Apr 20, Haiti's former national police commander agreed to plead guilty to two of eight counts in a federal indictment accusing him of smuggling drugs and laundering money.
    (AP, 4/21/05)

2005        Apr 21, Haiti's Supreme Court overturned the convictions of 38 army and paramilitary leaders who were sentenced for their roles in a mass slaying a decade ago. The men had been sentenced in 2000 in connection with a 1994 raid on the seaside shantytown of Raboteau.
    (AP, 5/10/05)
2005        Apr 21, It was reported that the US has quietly given thousands of guns to the Haitian National Police and was moving to approve the sale of thousands more despite a 14-year arms embargo and allegations the force is corrupt, brutal and responsible for unjustified killings.
    (AP, 4/21/05)

2005        Apr 27, Police fired on protesters demanding the release of detainees loyal to Haiti's ousted president, killing at least five demonstrators.
    (AP, 4/27/05)

2005        May 31, In Haiti a fire burned through a large market in Port au Prince moments after a gun fight erupted that killed at least one man.
    (AP, 5/31/05)

2005        Jun 1, In Haiti gunmen killed Paul-Henri Mourral (53), a French diplomat, in Port-au-Prince and stole his car.
    (AP, 6/2/05)

2005        Jun 4, In Haiti police killed at least 4 people and burned 12 homes during raids against gang members in a slum filled with supporters of ousted President Jean-Bertrand Aristide.
    (AP, 6/5/05)

2005        Jun 8, In Haiti Butteur Metayer (34), a gang leader who started the uprising that led to the ouster of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, died of kidney failure.
    (AP, 6/8/05)

2005        Jun 16, Officials said the Peace Corps has suspended operations in Haiti and evacuated its 16 volunteers because of increasing violence.
    (AP, 6/16/05)

2005        Jun 17, In Haiti police raided a slum of Bel Air teeming with gangs loyal to ousted President Jean-Bertrand Aristide. Residents accused the officials of killing two people, including a 17-year-old girl.
    (AP, 6/17/05)

2005        Jun 22, The UN Security Council voted to temporarily enlarge the peacekeeping mission in Haiti by more than 1,000 troops and police in the run-up to elections set for later this year.
    (AP, 6/22/05)

2005        Jun 29, In Haiti hundreds of UN peacekeepers raided a slum filled with gangs loyal to ousted President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, killing six gunmen.
    (AP, 6/29/05)
2005        Jul 29, In Haiti a worker for the International Committee of the Red Cross was kidnapped. Joel Cauvin, a Haitian, was abducted and found dead near his home the next day.
    (AP, 7/1/05)

2005        Jul 4, A UN official said boat carrying dozens of migrants fleeing Haiti sank off the island's coast, killing two people and leaving 11 others feared dead.
    (AP, 7/4/05)

2005        Jul 6, In Haiti hundreds of peacekeepers stormed Cite Soleil, part of an effort to clamp down on politically aligned gangs that have been accused of waging a campaign of violence to destabilize Haiti ahead of October and November elections. Gang leader Emmanuel "Dread" Wilme was killed in the raid.
    (AP, 7/9/05)

2005        Jul 7, Hurricane Dennis, a Category 4 storm with 135-mph winds,  left 10 people dead in Haiti and some 100 missing.
    (AP, 7/9/05)

2005        Jul 10, Hurricane Dennis swamped homes, ripped off roofs and felled power lines and trees when it hurtled into northwest Florida and Alabama with 120-mph (190-kph) winds. The storm left at least 16 dead in Haiti. Dennis killed at least 16 people in Cuba, damaged or destroyed 15,000 homes and caused an estimated $1.4 billion in property damage.
    (Reuters, 7/11/05)(WSJ, 7/11/05, p.A1)(AP, 7/12/05)

2005        Jul 13, Rudy Therassan, Haiti's former national police commander (2201-2003), was sentenced to almost 15 years in prison. He was accused of protecting Colombian cocaine shipments through his destitute homeland. He pleaded guilty in federal court in April to conspiring to import at least 22 pounds of cocaine into the US and laundering money.
    (AP, 7/14/05)

2005        Jul 14, The body of Jacques Roche, a well-known Haitian journalist, was found shot to death with signs of torture, 5 days after he was seized while driving in the capital.
    (AP, 7/15/05)

2005        Jul 29, The U.N. mission to Haiti said it will receive 750 more peacekeeping troops to help control the violence that threatens to undermine fall elections.
    (AP, 7/29/05)

2005        Aug 5, Haiti’s American ambassador said the US will provide Haitian police with firearms and tear gas to aid the fight against militants ahead of elections this fall.
    (AP, 8/5/05)

2005        Aug 10, In Haiti police stormed a volatile slum in Port-au-Prince in an attack on well-armed gangs that witnesses said left at least five people dead.
    (AP, 8/10/05)

2005        Aug 11, Louis-Jodel Chamblain, a Haitian rebel leader who once led a paramilitary group accused of killing and torturing thousands of people, was released from prison.
    (AP, 8/12/05)

2005        Aug 20, In Haiti black-uniformed riot police ordered all participants to lie down and allowed hooded attackers to hack to death as many as 20 people during a soccer tournament in the slum of Martissant.
    (Econ, 9/3/05, p.36)

2005        Aug 25, Haiti recalled its top diplomat to the Dominican Republic after 3 Haitian migrants were beaten and burned to death in an attack that has added to growing tensions between the uneasy Caribbean neighbors.
    (AP, 8/25/05)

2005        Sep 16, In Haiti investigative Judge Cluny P. Jules decided that former PM Yvon Neptune and 29 others should stand trial for the February 2004 massacre in the western town of St. Marc. A list of calls from Neptune's cell phone showed that he had spoken for at least 350 minutes with the alleged perpetrators of the killings from Feb. 7 to Feb 13, when the killings were either being organized or taking place at St. Marc.
    (AP, 9/21/05)

2005        Sep 23, In Haiti Dumarsais Simeus (65), owner of a Texas-based food services company, was rejected as a presidential candidate because he has US citizenship. Simeus appealed the decision.
    (AP, 9/24/05)

2005        Sep 28, In Haiti Rev. Gerard Jean-Juste, a jailed Catholic priest who was suspended from his religious duties for political activities, appealed to church authorities to reverse a punishment that supporters claim was intended to halt his growing influence in the Western Hemisphere's poorest nation.
    (AP, 9/28/05)

2005        Oct 11, Haiti's highest court ruled that Dumarsais Simeus, a Haitian-born U.S. businessman, may run for president. Simeus said this marked a turning point in the roles expatriate Haitians could play in their homeland.
    (AP, 10/11/05)

2005        Oct 12, In Port-au-Prince, Haiti, kidnappers shot and killed businessman Archange Honore, on a busy street after he resisted being taken, then sped off in his car with his wife and 2 children.
    (AP, 10/13/05)

2005        Oct 17, The European Union unblocked $87 million in development aid for Haiti, ending a freeze imposed almost five years ago because of allegedly flawed elections in the Western Hemisphere's poorest nation.
    (AP, 10/17/05)

2005        Oct 19, Hurricane Wilma swirled into the most intense Atlantic storm ever recorded, a Category 5 monster whose 175 mph winds and heavy rains were blamed for killing at least 11 people in Haiti and one in Jamaica as it bore down on Central America.
    (AP, 10/19/05)

2005        Oct 22, In Haiti Muhammed Khalaf (32), a UN peacekeeper from the Jordanian army.  was shot while on patrol near the volatile Cite Soleil slum of Port-au-Prince. He died 2 days later.
    (AP, 10/24/05)

2005        Oct 24, Alpha, the Atlantic season's record-breaking 22nd named storm, left at least 10 people dead in Haiti and the Dominican Republic before moving north into the Atlantic Ocean.
    (AP, 10/24/05)

2005        Nov 2, Haiti's interim government filed a federal lawsuit against former Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, accusing him of stealing millions from the Haitian treasury and state-owned telephone company.
    (AP, 11/3/05)

2005        Nov 3, In Haiti demonstrators marched out of two slums and across the capital in support of former Pres. Rene Preval's bid to regain the presidency in Dec elections.
    (AP, 11/3/05)

2005        Nov 8, Haiti's police chief said 14 police officers will face charges for their alleged involvement in the Aug 20 slayings of at least 11 civilians at a soccer game.
    (AP, 11/8/05)

2005        Nov 15, In Haiti UN peacekeepers and gang members traded gunfire in the volatile Cite Soleil slum of the Haitian capital, leaving at least four people dead.
    (AP, 11/15/05)

2005        Dec 5, UN peacekeepers at a checkpoint in Port-au-Prince opened fire on a car full of Haitian police officers wounding two.
    (AP, 12/09/05)

2005        Dec 9, Haiti's interim government said it has removed five of the 10 judges from the Supreme Court, another move in a tense power struggle ahead of next month's national elections.
    (AP, 12/9/05)

2005        Dec 12, In Haiti protesters angry over the treatment of Haitian migrants in neighboring Dominican Republic clashed with police during a visit by the Dominican president, and at least three people were wounded by gunshots.
    (AP, 12/12/05)

2005        Dec 20, A Canadian police officer serving as a UN peacekeeper in Haiti was shot to death near a volatile slum on the outskirts of the capital.
    (AP, 12/21/05)

2005        Dec 24, In Haiti a UN peacekeeper from Jordan was shot to death while on patrol in Cite Soleil, a slum that has seen almost daily violence since the ouster of President Aristide.
    (AP, 12/25/05)

2005        Kathie Klarreich authored “Madame Dread.” Her first-person tale of love, voodoo and civil strife in Haiti covered her years in Haiti under the rule of Pres. Aristide.
    (WSJ, 10/28/05, p.W6)

2006        Jan 1, In Haiti 2 kidnapped American journalists, who said their captors threatened to kill them, were freed after friends and family assembled a ransom for their release.
    (AP, 1/1/06)

2006        Jan 5, The leader of Haiti's largest business association called for a general strike next week to protest the wave of kidnappings that has sparked fear in the capital and contributed to the chaos that prompted authorities to postpone elections.
    (AP, 1/5/06)

2006        Jan 7, In Haiti Brazilian Lt. Gen. Urano Teixeira da Matta Bacellar, commander of UN peacekeepers, was found dead in an apparent suicide in a room at the Montana hotel in Port-au-Prince.
    (AP, 1/7/06)

2006        Jan 9, In Haiti business ground to a halt in a general strike called to protest a wave of kidnappings that has terrified people and cast a shadow over already troubled efforts to restore democracy.
    (AP, 1/9/06)

2006        Jan 10-2006 Jan 11, The bodies of 24 Haitian migrants, who apparently suffocated crossing the border in a sealed truck, were found in the Dominican Republic. The victims were among 69 Haitians, mostly adult men, who were driven across the border illegally at the northern Dominican town of Dajabon.
    (AP, 1/12/06)

2006        Jan 11, In Haiti clashes between gangs and UN peacekeepers reportedly killed one person and wounded at least 17.
    (AP, 1/12/06)

2006        Jan 17, In Haiti gunmen killed two Jordanian UN peacekeepers and seriously wounded a third at a checkpoint in Cite Soleil, a slum in Port-au-Prince.
    (AP, 1/17/06)

2006        Jan 20, In Haiti a judge dropped charges against Rev. Gerard Jean-Juste (59), a supporter of ousted President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, in the death of a journalist, but indicted him on two lesser counts.
    (AP, 1/20/06)

2006        Jan 23, Brazilian Gen. Jose Elito Carvalho de Siqueira (59) took command of the UN peacekeepers in Haiti, vowing to make the impoverished nation secure for elections on Feb. 7.
    (AP, 1/23/06)

2006        Jan 25, In Haiti 2 French missionaries and two Haitians were kidnapped near Cite Soleil, a volatile slum outside Port-au-Prince. Last month, there were 162 reported kidnap cases in Haiti, and January has seen 37 so far. The actual number is probably much higher because victims' families often prefer to negotiate with kidnappers rather than notify police.
    (AP, 1/26/06)

2006        Jan 27, Three French citizens and a Haitian who were kidnapped near a volatile slum outside of the capital were released unharmed.
    (AP, 1/27/06)

2006        Feb 4, Dumarsais Simeus (65), a presidential candidate whose name was dropped from the ballot despite two Haitian Supreme Court rulings, said the interim president, the prime minister and the electoral council should be jailed.
    (AP, 2/4/06)

2006        Feb 7, Haitians jammed polling stations as UN peacekeepers fanned out to guard the country's first presidential election in nearly six years.
    (AP, 2/7/06)

2006        Feb 9, Rene Preval took a strong lead in Haiti's presidential election, with most of the first votes counted going to the former president who is seen as a champion of the poor.
    (AP, 2/10/06)

2006        Feb 13, In Haiti election results showed the former president Preval slipping further below the 50 percent needed to avoid a runoff.
    (AP, 2/13/06)

2006        Feb 15, Rene Preval was declared the winner of Haiti's presidential election under an agreement between the interim government and electoral council.
    (AP, 2/16/06)(Econ, 2/18/06, p.35)

2006        Feb 19, Jacques Bernard, the head of Haiti's electoral council, fled the country after opponents threatened his life and burned down his farmhouse nearly two weeks after disputed elections.
    (AP, 2/20/06)

2006        Mar 1, Two Haitian security guards employed by the US Embassy were shot to death near the American ambassador's official residence.
    (AP, 3/2/06)

2006        Mar 2, Haiti's newly elected Pres. Rene Preval met with Dominican Republic President Leonel Fernandez in Santo Domingo amid rising tensions between their countries over immigration and security.
    (AP, 3/3/06)

2006        Mar 5, Jacques Bernard, a top election official who fled Haiti under threat, returned to help organize a legislative runoff needed to form a new government.
    (AP, 3/6/06)

2006        Mar 25, In Haiti 17 human skulls were found in a trash-strewn wooded lot outside Port-au-Prince, including at least some discovered inside a container that had been tossed from a passing car.
    (AP, 3/25/06)

2006        Mar 27, In Haiti scavengers found 10 human skulls in a trash heap, the second such grisly find in as many days in Port-au-Prince, where authorities speculated that the bones may have come from a Voodoo ritual.
    (AP, 3/27/06)

2006        Apr 10, Haiti's interim leader PM Gerard Latortue announced a probe into the finances of all government agencies amid allegations of corruption by state officials in the aftermath of a bloody revolt that toppled the previous government.
    (AP, 4/10/06)

2006        Apr 21, In Haiti polling stations were nearly empty in a crucial legislative runoff. Hundreds of candidates from more than a dozen parties sought 127 legislative seats.
    (AP, 4/21/06)

2006        Apr 24, In Haiti partial results indicated that President-elect Rene Preval's party had won at least 11 of 30 senate seats in the parliamentary runoff.
    (AP, 4/24/06)

2006        May 14, Rene Preval was sworn in as Haiti's president for the second time in a decade. Prisoners rioted at Haiti's main prison, with gunfire heard within its walls and scores of inmates massing on the roof and holding what appeared to be two dead bodies.
    (AP, 5/14/06)(AP, 5/14/07)

2006        May 22, Haiti’s President Rene Preval said he has nominated former Cabinet member and close ally Jacques Edouard Alexis as prime minister. UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan appointed Edmond Mulet (b.1951) of Guatemala as his Special Representative in Haiti and Head of the UN Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH). Mr. Mulet succeeded Júan Gabriel Valdés of Chile.
    (AP, 5/22/06)(www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2006/sga1007.doc.htm)

2006        Jun 6, Haiti's president Rene Preval appointed a coalition government in an effort to unite the impoverished nation.
    (AP, 6/6/06)

2006        Jun 17, In Haiti kidnappers seized Ed Hughes, a Canadian missionary, from his residence and demanded $45,000 in ransom. After 5 days the ransom was lowered to $10,000. Hughes lost an arm in December 2005 trying to stop the abduction of Haitian-American missionary Daniel Phelusmar. Hughes was shot and badly wounded in the arm. Phelusmar was held hostage for four days.
    (AP, 6/22/06)

2006        Jun 24, In Haiti Ed Hughes (72), a Canadian missionary, was released after kidnappers received a ransom raised by his friends and colleagues.
    (AP, 6/26/06)

2006        Jul 6, Emmanuel "Toto" Constant (49), an elusive former strongman from Haiti, accused of sanctioning rape to silence dissent there in the early 1990s, was arrested in a mortgage fraud scheme on Long Island, NY.
    (AP, 7/7/06)

2006        Jul 7, UN peacekeepers in Haiti found the bodies of 16 people believed killed in a surge of gang violence.
    (AP, 7/8/06)

2006        Jul 15, In Haiti thousands of demonstrators demanding the return of ousted president Jean-Bertrand Aristide marched to the National Palace, pushing past riot police in a dramatic show of support for the exiled former leader.
    (AP, 7/16/06)

2006        Jul 22, In Haiti a new rash of kidnappings has raised fears that well-armed, politically aligned street gangs are seeking to destabilize the new government, threatening UN-led efforts to restore security 2 1/2 years after a crippling revolt. At least 30 people have been kidnapped so far in July, about the same number for all of June.
    (AP, 7/22/06)

2006        Jul 27, Former Haitian PM Yvon Neptune was released from jail, more than two years after his arrest on charges of orchestrating the killing of political opponents at the start of a rebellion that engulfed the country.
    (AP, 7/27/06)

2006        Jul 28, In Haiti hundreds of people fled their homes in a hillside slum of Port-au-Prince to escape fierce fighting between gangs that has killed at least 30 people in the past 2 months.
    (AP, 7/29/06)

2006        Aug 3, UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan, making his first trip to Haiti, called for strengthening the national police force to stem an upsurge in kidnapping and lawlessness.
    (AP, 8/3/06)

2006        Aug 7, Gunmen in Haiti killed Guido Vitiello (67), an Italian businessman, and kidnapped his wife, Gigliola Martino (65), amid a spate of violence in the impoverished Caribbean nation. Martino was released Aug 10.
    (AP, 8/8/06)(AP, 8/11/06)

2006        Aug 15, The UN Security Council voted unanimously to extend the UN peacekeeping mission in Haiti for six months and urged its troops and police to help fight gang violence and kidnapping.
    (AP, 8/15/06)

2006        Aug 21, In Haiti Amaral Duclona, the leader of a major gang, defied President Rene Preval's orders to disarm, saying his followers would give up their weapons only if UN peacekeepers stop conducting raids in the slums.
    (AP, 8/21/06)

2006        Aug 28, Tropical Storm Ernesto hit Cuba west of the US naval air base at Guantanamo after killing 2 people in Haiti.
    (AP, 8/28/06)(AP, 8/29/06)

2006        Sep 11, In Haiti 3 gang members surrendered their guns in the first handover of weapons in a UN-led effort to disarm hundreds of Haitian criminals.
    (AP, 9/11/06)

2006        Sep 14, Ex-Col. Guy Francois, former army commander twice accused of plotting to overthrow Haiti's government, was shot to death in an upscale suburb of the capital.
    (AP, 9/15/06)

2006        Oct 10, The US Embassy in Haiti said the US has partially lifted a 15-year-old arms embargo, allowing Haiti to buy weapons for police battling violent, and often better armed, street gangs.
    (AP, 10/11/06)

2006        Oct 27, Hundreds of protesters marched peacefully through Haiti's largest slum to demand the withdrawal of UN peacekeepers, accusing the troops of killing civilians during gunbattles with street gangs.
    (AP, 10/27/06)

2006        Nov 6, Transparency International, a watchdog group, reported that nearly three-quarters of 163 countries ranked in a new survey suffer from a perception of serious corruption, while in nearly half it is seen as rampant. Finland, Iceland and New Zealand ranked as the least corrupt, while Haiti, Guinea and Myanmar ranked as most corrupt.
    (AP, 11/6/06)(Econ, 11/11/06, p.69)

2006        Nov 11, In Haiti 2 UN peacekeepers from Jordan were shot to death in Port-au-Prince after coming under attack by gunmen. Jordan counted about 1,500 troops in the force of some 8,800 peacekeepers. Nine peacekeepers have been killed since the force arrived in June 2004.
    (AP, 11/11/06)

2006        Nov 17, Sonia Pierre (43) received the Robert F. Kennedy Human Rights Award at a ceremony in Washington, a prize of $30,000 and a promise from the center founded in honor of the late senator to help her cause. Her tireless work securing citizenship and education for Dominican-born ethnic Haitians has made her the target of threats at home, but has earned her recognition from overseas as a fierce defender of human rights.
    (AP, 11/17/06)

2006        Dec 3, Haitians cast ballots in municipal and local elections that were billed as the final step in the troubled country's return to democratic rule following a bloody February 2004 revolt that toppled former President Jean-Bertrand Aristide.
    (AP, 12/3/06)

2006        Dec 4, In Haiti as many as 30 inmates escaped through a small hole in a prison wall in the latest of several breakouts from the overcrowded National Penitentiary.
    (AP, 12/6/06)

2006        Dec 5, In Haiti at least 8 people were killed over the last few days in the Martissant slum during a gang feud set off by the Dec 3 murder of a police officer. The officer's killing reignited an ongoing battle between the rival Grand Ravine and Ti Manchet gangs.
    (AP, 12/7/06)

2006        Dec 13, In Haiti gunmen abducted 10 children after hijacking a school bus and another car in brazen daylight assaults. 7 of the children were released the next day.
    (AP, 12/14/06)(AP, 12/15/06)

2006        Haiti’s numbered some 8.5 million people with a police force of about 6,000. Foreign aid accounted for over 65% of the state budget.
    (Econ, 2/10/07, p.35)

2007        Jan 24, In Haiti UN troops traded gunfire with armed gangs after seizing an abandoned primary school that had been used to stage attacks on the peacekeepers. Witnesses said one person died and five were injured.
    (AP, 1/25/07)

2007        Jan 30, The United Nations said it will send 350 more peacekeepers to Haiti in the latest effort to flush out armed gangs from the capital's slums.
    (AP, 1/30/07)

2007        Feb 4, Armed kidnappers seized an American missionary as he left his church near Haiti's capital and have demanded a ransom for his release.
    (AP, 2/5/07)

2007        Feb 9, Hundreds of UN peacekeepers raided Haiti's largest and most violent slum, seizing a portion of it in a six-hour gunbattle that left a gang member dead and two soldiers wounded.
    (AP, 2/10/07)

2007        Feb 28, A boat carrying Haitian migrants caught fire off the coast of the Dominican Republic, leaving at least eight passengers dead and 44 missing.
    (AP, 3/1/07)

2007        Mar 12, Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez shadowed his political foil President Bush on a tour of Western Hemisphere nations, stopping in Haiti after passing through Jamaica to promote aid packages and discuss development projects.
    (AP, 3/12/07)

2007        Mar 16, The Inter-American Development Bank announced it would forgive $4.4 billion in debt owed by five of the poorest countries in Latin America and the Caribbean. The bank excused the foreign debts of Bolivia, Honduras, Nicaragua, Haiti and Guyana in an announcement ahead of its annual meeting.
    (AP, 3/16/07)

2007        Apr 28, President Hugo Chavez said that Venezuela is ready to become the sole energy supplier to Cuba, Bolivia, Nicaragua and Haiti, presenting the countries with his most generous offer yet of oil-funded diplomacy in the region.
    (AP, 4/29/07)

2007        May 4, A boat loaded with Haitian migrants capsized while being towed by a police boat from the Turks and Caicos Islands. 78 of some 160 people survived. Haitian migrants later claimed a Turks and Caicos naval vessel rammed their crowded sailboat twice before it capsized.
    (AP, 5/4/07)(SFC, 5/5/07, p.A8)(AP, 5/8/07)

2007        May 16, In northwestern Haiti gunmen killed journalist Alix Joseph (38), shooting him 11 times outside his fiancé’s house.
    (AP, 5/17/07)

2007        May 18, Haitian President Rene Preval declared a "war without end" against corruption, calling crooked state officials traitors who rob the deeply impoverished nation of vital investment and jobs.
    (AP, 5/18/07)

2007        May 31, Haitian authorities arrested 10 people, including four police officers, who were allegedly transporting 925 pounds of cocaine in two vehicles with government license plates.
    (AP, 5/31/07)

2007        May, A Geneva court temporarily blocked the release of some of the US$6.2 million stashed in Switzerland by Duvalier. Many in Haiti considered the money to have been stolen from public funds before Duvalier was ousted.
    (AP, 1/17/11)

2007        Jun 12, Haitian police and UN peacekeepers killed a suspected gang leader wanted in the kidnap-slaying of a French businessman.
    (AP, 6/12/07)

2007        Jul 16, Haitian radio reported that US Drug Enforcement Administration agents arrested Guy Philippe (39), a former rebel leader and presidential candidate with alleged ties to drug traffickers.
    (AP, 7/16/07)

2007        Aug 18, Hurricane Dean barreled across the eastern Caribbean and took aim at Hispaniola, Jamaica and Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula, with forecasters saying it could turn into a monster Category 5 storm within 72 hours. Dean claimed at least six lives as it began sweeping past the Dominican Republic and Haiti.
    (AP, 8/18/07)

2007        Aug, The Swiss government extended a freeze on Duvalier's funds for a year. Many in Haiti considered the money to have been stolen from public funds before Duvalier was ousted.
    (AP, 1/17/11)

2007        Sep 1, A US Navy hospital ship Comfort brought state-of-the-art medical care to Haiti during a regional goodwill mission aimed at countering leftist Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez's influence.
    (AP, 9/7/07)(http://tinyurl.com/2squrt)

2007        Oct 12, In Haiti a rain-swollen river flooded a town killing at least 20 people.
    (WSJ, 10/13/07, p.A1)

2007        Oct 15, The UN Security Council voted unanimously to extend the UN peacekeeping mission in Haiti for a year, noting significant improvements in security in recent months but saying the situation remains fragile.
    (AP, 10/15/07)

2007        Nov 1, Floodwaters and mudslides spawned by Tropical Storm Noel killed at least 143 people including 84 in the Dominican Republic and 57 in Haiti. By this evening Noel was upgraded to a Category 1 hurricane and rains continued to pound the area.
    (AP, 11/1/07)(AP, 11/4/07)

2007        Nov, In Haiti 108 Sri Lankan soldiers were recalled after investigators found they had paid for sex with Haitians, some of whom were underage.
    (AP, 12/26/07)

2007        Dec 12, Tropical Storm Olga soaked portions of the Caribbean, triggering floods and landslides that killed at least 38 people in the Dominican Republic, Haiti and Puerto Rico.
    (AP, 12/12/07)(AP, 12/13/07)(WSJ, 12/15/07, p.A1)

2008        Feb 4, Dominican merchants closed a popular border market that caters to Haitians, punishing their impoverished neighbor for banning Dominican poultry and egg imports following an outbreak of avian flu.
    (AP, 2/4/08)

2008        Feb 9, In Haiti a man blamed for kidnappings in the Port-au-Prince suburb of Petionville was pummeled with rocks and killed by neighbors in the seaside Cite Soleil slum. The next day UN and Haitian police rescued a suspected kidnapper (27) from a mob in downtown Port-au-Prince.
    (AP, 2/11/08)

2008        Feb 22, Canadian Foreign Minister Maxime Bernier pledged $555 million in fresh aid to Haiti, as he wrapped up a three-day visit to the impoverished Caribbean nation.
    (Reuters, 2/23/08)

2008        Apr 4, At least three Haitians were killed and 25 others injured amid food riots and clashes with UN peacekeepers.
    (AP, 4/4/08)

2008        Apr 7, In Haiti protesters angered by high food prices flooded the streets of Port-au-Prince, forcing businesses and schools to close as unrest spread from the countryside. Witnesses said at least one person was killed by hotel security guards during a protest in the southern city of Les Cayes.
    (AP, 4/8/08)

2008        Apr 8, In Haiti hungry protesters stormed the presidential palace throwing rocks and demanding the resignation of Pres. Rene Preval over soaring food prices.
    (SFC, 4/9/08, p.A4)

2008        Apr 9, In Haiti a desperate appeal from Pres. Preval failed to restore order to Port-au-Prince, and bands of looters sacked stores, warehouses and government offices.
    (AP, 4/9/08)

2008        Apr 12, Haiti’s President Rene Preval announced a drop in the price of rice in a bid to defuse anger of rising food prices that fueled days of deadly protests and looting. Haitian lawmakers dismissed PM Jacques Edouard Alexi, hoping to defuse widespread anger over rising food prices.
    (AP, 4/12/08)

2008        Apr 20,     The US Coast Guard recovered the bodies of 20 migrants, 19 Haitians and one Honduran, from the sea near the Bahamas after their boat apparently capsized.
    (AP, 4/21/08)

2008        Apr 27, President Rene Preval chose Ericq Pierre, an international banking official, to be the troubled country's next prime minister.
    (AP, 4/27/08)

2008        May 10, In Haiti an overloaded ferry capsized off the southern coast, killing at least 13 people.
    (AP, 5/12/08)

2008        May 12, Haitian legislators rejected President Rene Preval's pick for prime minister, extending a monthlong period without a functioning government. International banker Ericq Pierre (63) lost a vote that ended his candidacy 51 to 35, with nine abstentions.
    (AP, 5/12/08)

2008        May 27, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon said the UN will investigate allegations by a leading children's charity that UN peacekeepers are involved in widespread sexual abuse of children. The report by Save the Children UK was based on field research in southern Sudan, Ivory Coast and Haiti.
    (AP, 5/27/08)

2008        Jun 4, In Haiti thousands of protesters, bearing photographs of victims and with fists thrust in the air, marched through Port-au-Prince to demand that officials crack down on a kidnapping scourge. UN police said more than 157 people have been kidnapped this year in Haiti, up 10 percent from last year.
    (AP, 6/4/08)

2008        Jun 26, Cuts in Haitian gasoline subsidies pushed the price of fuel to $6.14 a gallon, further burdening the people as the government redirected money to other programs.
    (AP, 6/27/08)

2008        Jul 26, In southern Haiti at least 29 people were killed when a large truck carrying people and merchandise collided with three pickups east of Cavailon.
    (AP, 7/27/08)

2008        Jul 29, Hundreds of armed former soldiers from Haiti's disbanded army stormed an old barracks and civilian prison to demand the force be reinstated.
    (AP, 7/29/08)

2008        Jul 31, Haitian lawmakers ratified Michele Pierre-Louis to be the country's prime minister, ending more than three months of political bickering and deadlock in Parliament.
    (AP, 8/1/08)

2008        Aug 5, The EU said it will give Haiti $4.6 million to help pay for food in the world's poorest country.
    (AP, 8/5/08)

2008        Aug 16, Tropical Storm Fay lashed Haiti and the Dominican Republic with torrential rains and floods that killed at least 18 people including at least 14 people in Haiti, feared to have died aboard a bus that tried to cross a flooded river.
    (AP, 8/17/08)(AP, 8/18/08)

2008        Aug 26, Hurricane Gustav hit Haiti and triggered flooding and landslides that killed 15 people before weakening to a tropical storm.
    (AP, 8/27/08)(SFC, 8/28/08, p.A2)

2008        Aug 28, Tropical Storm Gustav bore down on Jamaica after leaving 67 people dead on Hispaniola, including 59 in Haiti and 8 in the Dominican Republic.
    (SFC, 8/29/08, p.A2)

2008        Sep 3, Tropical Storm Hanna drenched flood-plagued Haiti, adding to the miseries of a country that has lost more than 100 lives to mudslides and flooding since mid-August.
    (AP, 9/3/08)

2008        Sep 4, Tropical Storm Hanna roared along the edge of the Bahamas ahead of a possible hurricane hit on the Carolinas, leaving behind at least 137 dead in Haiti.
    (AP, 9/4/08)

2008        Sep 7, In Haiti at least 58 people died as Ike's winds and rain swept the impoverished Caribbean nation. Officials also found three more bodies from a previous storm, raising Haiti's death toll from four tropical storms in less than a month to 319. A Dominican man was crushed by a falling tree. Ike damaged most of the homes on Grand Turk island as it roared onto the Bahamas and threatened the Florida Keys on its way to Cuba as a ferocious Category 4 storm.
    (AP, 9/7/08)(AP, 9/8/08)

2008        Sep 19, Haiti said its system of agriculture has been destroyed by the last 4 tropical storms, Fay, Gustav, Hanna and Ike. The storms killed 425 people in less than a month. On Oct 3 authorities said the official death toll from four storms that ravaged Haiti this summer nearly doubled to 793 people.
    (SFC, 9/20/08, p.A10)(AP, 10/3/08)(Econ, 2/14/09, p.45)

2008        Oct 14, The UN Security Council voted unanimously to renew its peacekeeping mission in Haiti for another year.
    (AP, 10/15/08)

2008        Nov 7, In Petionville, Haiti, the collapse of a school killed at least 94 children and teachers. There may have been hundreds of students in La Promesse school when the concrete building collapsed. Fortin Augustin, the preacher who owns and built College La Promesse in suburban Port-au-Prince, was arrested Nov 8 and charged with involuntary manslaughter.
    (AP, 11/8/08)(AP, 11/9/08)(AP, 11/11/08)(SFC, 11/11/08, p.A10)

2008        Nov 19, In Haiti Max Cosci of Doctors Without Borders said at least 26 children had died over a two-week period in the remote, southeastern area of Baie d'Orange. The UN World Food Program says it is sending medical and food aid to the region.
    (AP, 11/20/08)

2008        Nov 24, A Haitian teen shot and killed a classmate in a rare outbreak of school violence in the troubled country.
    (AP, 11/24/08)

2008        Nov 30, In Haiti a dozen men in T-shirts declaring "I am gay" and "I am living with HIV/AIDS" marched with hundreds of other demonstrators through St. Marc in what organizers called the Caribbean nation's first openly gay march.
    (AP, 12/1/08)

2009        Jan 12, In Haiti Police Commissioner Philippe Jean Raymond of Port-de-Paix was poisoned after several million dollars of cash seized from the uncle of a prominent drug smuggler went missing.
    (Econ, 2/14/09, p.46)(http://tinyurl.com/dz7gcq)

2009        Jan 19, Some 25 people, most of them Haitians, were aboard an overloaded boat that was illegally traveling the 100-mile (160-kilometer) passage from the Dutch territory of St. Maarten to the British Virgin Islands. They were apparently island-hopping in hopes of eventually reaching US shores when the boat hit a reef, pitching passengers into the ocean. 13 migrants were rescued by a passing fishing boat.
    (AP, 1/21/09)

2009        Apr 19, In Haiti clear-plastic ballot boxes were nearly as empty as Port-au-Prince's unusually deserted streets as few voters turned out for Senate elections in which candidates from a major populist party were not allowed to run. Supporters of ousted former President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, whose Fanmi Lavalas party was disqualified from the election by Haiti's provisional electoral council, had urged an estimated 4 million registered voters not to participate.
    (AP, 4/19/09)

2009        May 13, Off of Florida an overloaded boat capsized and sank with about 30 people aboard, mainly Haitian immigrants fleeing their country's crushing poverty. At least 9 people were dead. 17 survivors were pulled from the waters. On May 18 Jimmy Metellus (33) of Haiti was charged with human smuggling.
    (AP, 5/14/09)(SFC, 5/14/09, p.A4)(SFC, 5/19/09, p.A5)

2009        May 19, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon formally named Bill Clinton as its special envoy to Haiti.
    (AP, 5/19/09)

2009        May 22, Haiti's civil protection department said floods have killed at least 11 people this week as heavy rains swamp towns still rebuilding from last year's hurricanes.
    (AP, 5/22/09)

2009        May 25, The US Coast Guard cutter Venturous intercepted a smugglers' boat near the Haitian barrier island of La Tortue and took on board 35 of the approximately 100 illegal passengers. 6 armed smugglers threatened other passengers and prevented them from getting on the Coast Guard ship, instead fleeing with them aboard the vessel in shallow water.
    (AP, 5/28/09)

2009        May 27, The Rev. Gerard Jean-Juste, a champion of the poor in Haiti and close supporter of Aristide, died in Miami following complications from a stroke.
    (AP, 6/19/09)

2009        Jun 18, In Haiti a confrontation between UN peacekeepers and mourners for Rev. Gerard Jean-Juste, a popular priest allied with former President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, left one person dead. A video showed marchers throwing rocks at UN soldiers, who periodically turned and fired their assault rifles into the air.
    (AP, 6/19/09)

2009        Jun 21, Haiti held Senate run-offs elections. Fed up with chronic poverty and unresponsive leaders many stayed away from the elections, ignoring government efforts to improve on the paltry voter turnout that undercut the first round of voting in April.
    (AP, 6/21/09)

2009        Jun 29, Haiti’s President Rene Preval's party won five of 11 contests to fill open Senate seats, according to preliminary results released by the provisional electoral council. Turnout in the latest voting was even lower than the 11 percent tallied in the first round. No official percentage has been reported for the June 21 elections.
    (AP, 6/30/09)

2009        Jul 2, Canada said it has forgiven C$2.3 million in debt owed by Haiti as part of a plan that aims to relieve the world's poorest countries of C$1.3 billion in debt.
    (Reuters, 7/2/09)

2009        Jul 8, In Haiti Bill Clinton said a lack of coordination among aid groups and Haitian leaders is hurting efforts to ease poverty in the Caribbean nation, as he wrapped up his first trip here as a special UN envoy.
    (AP, 7/8/09)

2009        Jul 11, A ferry capsized off Haiti's southern coast, killing at least five people. Authorities said it wasn't clear how many people were on board, but as many as two dozen could be missing.
    (AP, 7/11/09)

2009        Jul 27, An overloaded sailboat carrying an estimated 200 Haitian migrants sank off the Turks and Caicos Islands and as many as 85 people were missing.
    (AP, 7/28/09)

2009        Aug 4, Haiti’s lawmakers voted to more than double the minimum wage after long hours of debate and clashes between police and protesters, who complained they can't feed and shelter their families on the current pay of about $1.75 a day.
    (AP, 8/4/09)

2009        Aug 11, Former US President Bill Clinton appointed the physician and Harvard University professor Paul Farmer as the UN Deputy Special Envoy to Haiti to assist in advancing the economic and social development of the impoverished Caribbean nation.
    (www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=31740)

2009        Aug 14, A Swiss court backed the government's plan to give aid agencies 7 million Swiss francs ($6 million) seized from bank accounts linked to Haiti's former dictator Jean-Claude "Baby Doc" Duvalier. The Duvalier family, which wants to reclaim the money, can now appeal the case to Switzerland's highest court. The accounts have been blocked since 2002.
    (AP, 8/14/09)

2009        Sep 24, The Clinton Global Initiative announced $258 million in aid projects for Haiti. The 21 projects included a $2 million pledge by actor mat Damon’s Water.org to get water and sanitation to 50,000 people.
    (SFC, 9/25/09, p.A2)

2009        Oct 8, Leaders of the Dominican Republic and Haiti agreed to cooperate in a campaign aimed at eradicating the last vestiges of malaria from the islands of the Caribbean by 2020.
    (AP, 10/8/09)

2009        Oct 9, In Haiti 11 UN peacekeepers were killed when a CASA C-212 surveillance flight slammed into a mountain. The victims were Uruguayan and Jordanian troops serving with the 9,000-strong UN peacekeeping force that has been in Haiti since 2004.
    (AP, 10/10/09)

2009        Oct 30, Haitian lawmakers ousted PM Michele Pierre-Louis in a power struggle that threatens to undermine a campaign to attract foreign investment to the impoverished country. President Rene Preval turned to Jean-Max Bellerive, the minister of planning and external cooperation, as nominee to be the next premier.
    (AP, 10/30/09)

2009        Nov 10, Haiti’s lawmakers overwhelmingly gave final approval to Jean-Max Bellerive as the new prime minister, making him the sixth person to hold the post since 2004.
    (AP, 11/11/09)

2009        Nov 27, Haiti's UN peacekeeping mission urged local officials to provide a justification for banning 17 political groups from participating in next year's legislative elections.
    (AP, 11/27/09)

2009        Dec 5, In Haiti Francesco Fantoli (54), an Italian journalist, was mortally wounded by gunmen who may have tried to rob him outside a bank in Port-au-Prince. He recently founded a soccer school in the southern city of Jacmel, where he often lived.
    (AP, 12/6/09)

2009        Dec 22, The Pan American Development Foundation reported that poverty has forced at least 225,000 children in Haiti's cities into slavery as unpaid household servants, far more than previously thought.
    (AP, 12/22/09)

2010        Jan 12, A powerful 7.0 earthquake hit Haiti and crushed thousands of structures, from schools and shacks to the National Palace. Thousands of people were believed dead and untold numbers were trapped. An estimated 3 million people were in need of emergency aid. The quake left over 200,000 people dead. Some 4,500 prison inmates escaped during the earthquake. By April they were terrorizing neighborhoods and fighting turf battles. The UN later estimated 222,570 people were killed and 300,572 injured. In 2011 a report commissioned by USAID contended that between 46,000 and 85,000 people were killed by the quake, far below the Haitian government's death toll of 316,000.
    (AP, 1/13/10)(SFC, 3/11/10, p.A2)(SFC, 4/8/10, p.A2)(Econ, 3/19/11, p.46)(AFP, 6/1/11)

2010        Jan 12, Switzerland's highest court ruled that $4.6 million seized from bank accounts linked to Haiti's former dictator Jean-Claude "Baby Doc" Duvalier can be handed over to his family. The decision was not published until Feb 3. Many in Haiti considered that money to be stolen from public funds. Duvalier was ousted in 1986.
    (AP, 2/3/10)

2010        Jan 14, In Haiti planes carrying teams from China, France and Spain landed at Port-au-Prince's airport with searchers and tons of food, medicine and other supplies, with more promised from around the globe. Tens of thousands were feared dead in the Jan 12 earthquake and the international Red Cross estimated 3 million people, a third of the 9 million population, may need emergency relief.
    (AP, 1/14/10)(Econ, 1/16/10, p.38)

2010        Jan 15, In Haiti the UN and other aid organizations struggled to get food and water to stricken millions. Fears spread of unrest among the people in their fourth day of desperation. France urged Haiti’s creditors to cancel the nation’s debt.
    (AP, 1/15/10)(SFC, 1/16/10, p.A2)

2010        Jan 16, President Barack Obama declared one of the largest relief efforts in US history to help Haiti four days after an earthquake killed up to 200,000 people and devastated the Caribbean nation's capital.
    (Reuters, 1/16/10)
2010        Jan 16, Senegal offered free land to Haitians wishing to "return to their origins" following this week's devastating earthquake, which has destroyed the capital and buried thousands of people beneath rubble.
    (AP, 1/17/10)

2010        Jan 17, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon flew to Haiti to support earthquake relief efforts and to visit his staff's devastated headquarters in what the agency is calling the most challenging disaster it has ever faced.
    (AP, 1/17/10)

2010        Jan 18, The European Union said some 200,000 people may have been killed in the magnitude-7.0 quake, quoting Haitian officials who also said about 70,000 bodies have been recovered so far.
    (AP, 1/18/10)

2010        Jan 19, Troops in Haiti struggled to control looters in Port-au-Prince a week after the devastating earthquake, as rescuers continued to pull women and babies from the rubble and kept alive hope of finding more survivors. A riot in a prison in Les Cayes began when some of the 400-plus prisoners tried to escape a week after the Jan 12 earthquake, because they were terrified of aftershocks in the overcrowded prison. Police were later accused of then rushing into the building and opening fire killing at least 10 prisoners. In 2011 13 officers faced trial for murder, attempted murder and other crimes. On Jan 19, 2012, eight police officers were convicted for their role in the prison riot.
    (www.nytimes.com/2010/10/22/world/americas/22haiti.html)(AP, 11/8/11)(AP, 1/19/12)

2010        Jan 20, A 6.1 aftershock struck Haiti, shaking more rubble from damaged buildings and sending screaming people running into the streets eight days after the country's capital was devastated by an apocalyptic quake.
    (AP, 1/20/10)

2010        Jan 21, A Dutch airlift brought 106 children from quake-ravaged Haiti to new lives in the Netherlands and Luxembourg, as anxious families waited to hug children they had been in the process of adopting for months.
    (AP, 1/21/10)

2010        Jan 22, Aid officials said Haitians are fleeing their quake-ravaged capital by the hundreds of thousands, as their government promised to help nearly a half-million more move from squalid camps on curbsides and vacant lots into safer, cleaner tent cities.
    (AP, 1/22/10)

2010        Jan 23, Haiti's government declared the search and rescue phase for survivors of the earthquake over, saying there is little hope of finding more people alive 11 days after much of the capital was reduced to rubble.
    (AP, 1/23/10)

2010        Jan 24, Haiti’s communications minister said the confirmed death toll from the Jan 12 earthquake has topped 150,000 in the Port-au-Prince metropolitan area alone, with many more thousands dead around the country or still buried under the rubble.
    (AP, 1/24/10)

2010        Jan 25, A Saudi foreign ministry spokesman said Saudi Arabia has donated $50 million in relief to Haiti to cope with the devastating earthquake that hit the country nearly two weeks ago, making it the largest donation from the Middle East to date.
    (AP, 1/25/10)

2010        Jan 27, In Haiti teenager Darlene Etienne (17) was rescued from a collapsed home near St. Gerard University, 15 days after a great earthquake killed an estimated 200,000 people, It was the first such recovery since Jan 23, when French rescuers extricated a man from the ruins of a hotel grocery store.
    (AP, 1/28/10)

2010        Jan 29, In Haiti US soldiers halted a violent confrontation between looters and a private security guard who shot and killed one man inside an appliance store and appeared poised to shoot others.
    (AP, 1/29/10)

2010        Jan 30, In Haiti about 20 armed men blockaded a street and attacked UN a convoy carrying food from the airport.  Ten American Baptists were detained for trying to take 33 children across the border into the Dominican Republic without documentation.
    (AP, 2/2/10)(AP, 2/5/10)

2010        Jan 31,  Ten American Baptists were being held in the Haitian capital after trying take 33 children out of Haiti at a time of growing fears over possible child trafficking. Doctors skirted a bureaucratic logjam to save the life of two critically ill child victims of Haiti's earthquake, flying them to US hospitals on a private jet to avoid a military suspension of medical evacuation flights.
    (AP, 1/31/10)

2010        Feb 1, Many schools in Haiti's outlying provinces reopened for the first time since an earthquake devastated the nation, though it may take a month or more to open classrooms in the quake-crushed capital.
    (AP, 2/1/10)

2010        Feb 6, G7 finance leaders met for a 2nd day in Iqaluit’s legislative building of Canada's Arctic territory of Nunavut. A senior official said Europe was determined to solve its problems without the International Monetary Fund. G7 countries told earthquake-ravaged Haiti that any debts it owes them needn't be repaid and international lenders should do the same.
    (Reuters, 2/6/10)

2010        Feb 8, In Haiti the UN warned that it will cut off shipments of free medicine beginning immediately to any Haitian hospitals that it finds are charging patients. Evans Monsigrace (28), a rice vendor, survived 27 days trapped under the rubble of a flea market following the devastating Jan 12 earthquake.
    (AP, 2/8/10)(AP, 2/10/10)

2010        Feb 15, Canada PM Harper began a 2-day visit to Haiti and said his country will build the Haitian government a temporary base.
    (AP, 2/15/10)

2010        Feb 16, Jorge Puello, who surged into the spotlight by providing food, medicine and legal assistance to the 10 Americans jailed in Haiti, acknowledged in a phone interview from the Dominican Rep., that he is named in a 2003 federal indictment out of Vermont that accuses him of smuggling illegal immigrants from Canada into the United States. He was already being pursued by authorities in the Dominican Republic on an Interpol warrant out of El Salvador, where police said he led a ring that lured young women and girls into prostitution.
    (AP, 2/17/10)

2010        Feb 17, In Haiti 8 American missionaries were freed from jail and left for Miami, nearly three weeks after being arrested trying to take 33 children out of the earthquake-stricken country. Group leader Laura Silsby and her former nanny Charisa Coulter remained in jail.
    (AP, 2/17/10)(SFC, 2/19/10, p.A4)
2010        Feb 17, France's Pres. Nicolas Sarkozy made the first visit ever by a French president to Haiti, once his nation's richest colony. Sarkozy said France will cancel Haiti’s 56 million in debt and pledged hundreds of millions in aid for the catastrophic Jan 12 earthquake.
    (AP, 2/17/10)(SFC, 2/18/10, p.A3)

2010        Feb 18, Haiti’s PM Jean-Max Bellerive said the government will appropriate land to build temporary camps for earthquake victims. The decision was potentially explosive in a country where a small elite owns most of the land in and around the capital.
    (AP, 2/19/10)

2010        Feb 21, Haiti’s Pres. Rene Preval said the death toll from his country's earthquake could reach 300,000 once all the bodies are recovered from wrecked buildings.
    (AP, 2/21/10)

2010        Feb 24, Chilean President Michelle Bachelet said a group of South American nations has committed to providing $100 million in aid for earthquake-ravaged Haiti.
    (AP, 2/24/10)

2010        Feb 27, Haitian officials said eight people were killed and two missing after heavy rain pounded the southwest and caused widespread flooding.
    (AP, 2/27/10)

2010        Feb, In a reversal, Switzerland's top court said at least US$4.6 million in Swiss bank accounts previously awarded to charities must be returned to the family of Duvalier. Many in Haiti considered the money to have been stolen from public funds before Duvalier was ousted.
    (AP, 1/17/11)

2010        Mar 8, In Haiti US missionary Charisa Coulter (24), held for more than a month on kidnapping charges, was released from prison, while Laura Silsby (40), the leader of her Baptist group, remained in custody.
    (AP, 3/9/10)

2010        Mar 10, In Haiti kidnappers freed two female European aid workers, one from the Czech Republic and the other Belgium, snatched off the streets of the capital and held for five days.
    (AP, 3/12/10)
2010        Mar 10, Pres. Obama met with Haiti’s Pres. Rene Preval and assured him that the US was committed to Haiti’s recovery and reconstruction following the devastating January 12 earthquake.
    (SFC, 3/11/10, p.A2)

2010        Mar 16, In Haiti two off-duty officers were shot to death near an open-air market in the capital. Such shootings have increased since thousands of prisoners escaped during the Jan. 12 earthquake.
    (AP, 3/16/10)

2010        Mar 19, In Haiti one of the heaviest rainfalls since the Jan. 12 earthquake swamped homeless camps, sweeping screaming residents into eddies of water, overflowing latrines and panicking thousands.
    (AP, 3/19/10)
2010        Mar 19, Japan said it will boost its aid to quake-hit Haiti to 100 million dollars as the country's foreign minister prepared to visit the impoverished Caribbean nation this weekend.
    (AFP, 3/19/10)

2010        Mar 21, A small earthquake struck northern Haiti, collapsing an apartment building and killing at least three people.
    (AP, 3/21/10)

2010        Mar 22, Former US Presidents George W. Bush and Bill Clinton visited Haiti’s capital to raise aid and investment in the country reeling from the Jan 12 earthquake.
    (SFC, 3/23/10, p.A2)

2010        Mar 31, Nearly 50 donors pledged $9.9 billion in reconstruction aid for Haiti at a UN donor conference, but leaders and businessmen stressed private investment would be the key to improving the lot of the hemisphere's poorest nation.
    (AP, 4/1/10)

2010        Apr 13, First lady Michelle Obama made a surprise visit to the ruins of the Haitian capital, a high-profile reminder that hundreds of thousands remain in desperate straits three months after the earthquake.
    (AP, 4/13/10)

2010        Apr 16, In eastern Haiti 4 soldiers died in the fiery crash of a Spanish military helicopter in the rugged mountains of the Fond Verrettes area.
    (AP, 4/16/10)

2010        Apr 26, A Haitian judge said he has dismissed kidnapping and criminal association charges against 10 American missionaries detained for trying to take a busload of children out of the country after the Jan. 12 earthquake.
    (AP, 4/26/10)

2010        May 10, In Haiti police fired tear gas outside the ruins of the national palace to control 2,000 demonstrators calling for President Rene Preval's resignation in the largest political protest since the Jan. 12 earthquake. The driver for the Pan-American Development Foundation was kidnapped along with a British contractor. The contractor was released after four days. The body of the driver was found dead on May 15.
    (AP, 5/10/10)(AP, 5/15/10)

2010        May 17, Haitian protesters marched to the collapsed national palace for a second straight Monday to criticize President Rene Preval, saying he failed the nation in the aftermath of its catastrophic earthquake. Laura Silsby, the last of 10 Americans detained while trying to take 33 children out of Haiti after the Jan. 12 earthquake, was freed when a judge convicted her but sentenced her to time already served in jail.
    (AP, 5/18/10)(SFC, 5/18/10, p.A2)

2010        May 18, Haitian President Rene Preval pledged to step down as scheduled next year, rebuking critics who say he is using the post-earthquake emergency to hold onto power.
    (AP, 5/18/10)

2010        Jun 9, The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation pledged 10 million dollars to coax telecommunications and finance companies to set up mobile phone banking services for Haiti's poor.
    (AP, 6/9/10)

2010        Jun 16, In Haiti Marc Louis Bazin (b.1932), former prime minister of Haiti (1992-1993), died. He lost Haiti's first free presidential election in 1990.
    (AP, 6/16/10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marc_Bazin)

2010        Jun 18, In Haiti UN and Haitian police raided a crowded earthquake survivor camp to capture 30 criminal suspects in the biggest law-enforcement operation since the Jan. 12 earthquake.
    (AP, 6/19/10)

2010        Aug 3, Time magazine reported on that Haitian-American music star Wyclef Jean (37) will announce his bid for president of earthquake-ravaged Haiti this week. A three-time Grammy award-winner, Jean was a founding member of the hip-hop trio The Fugees and won wider fame for his collaboration with Colombian pop star Shakira. He released a song two years ago called "If I Was President". Haiti’s ruling Unity party nominated ousted ex-Prime Minister Jacques-Edouard Alexis to lead the earthquake-ravaged nation.
    (Reuters, 8/4/10)(AP, 8/4/10)

2010        Aug 5, Haitian hip-hop star Wyclef Jean registered as a presidential contender, in a move into politics that generated an outburst of popular enthusiasm in his poor, earthquake-ravaged homeland.
    (Reuters, 8/6/10)

2010        Aug 20, Singer Wyclef Jean's high-profile bid for Haiti's presidency ended after election officials on the earthquake-ravaged Caribbean nation disqualified his candidacy. The singer has not lived in Haiti for the past five years as required.
    (AP, 8/21/10)

2010        Sep 24, In Haiti a freak storm blasted through the capital, killing at least five earthquake survivors as it tore down trees, billboards and tent homes.
    (AP, 9/25/10)

2010        Oct 1, In Haiti gunmen killed Pierre Richard Denis (42), an engineer supervising the building of shelters at the Corail-Cesselesse relocation camp for Haitian earthquake survivors, forcing construction to be suspended on part of the site. Denis worked for International Organization for Migration.
    (AP, 10/2/10)

2010        Oct 6, Former US president Bill Clinton returned to Haiti to participate in a meeting on rebuilding the quake-ravaged nation, as his foundation pledged 500,000 dollars to a huge tent city.
    (AFP, 10/7/10)

2010        Oct 13, In Senegal dancers, traditional praise singers and leaders of three African nations greeted 163 Haitian students who left their earthquake-ravaged country and flew to Senegal, where victims of the calamity are being offered free housing and scholarships.
    (AP, 10/14/10)

2010        Oct 17, In Haiti 2 inmates were shot to death trying to escape from the roof of the quake-damaged national penitentiary. A third was trampled to death inside during a prison riot. Police officials familiar with the prison said some inmates had escaped.
    (AP, 10/17/10)

2010        Oct 18, In Haiti civil protection officials said steady rains toppled hillsides and turned streets into rivers in Port-au-Prince over the weekend, leaving at least 12 people dead and three missing.
    (AP, 10/19/10)

2010        Oct 22, In Haiti aid groups rushed in medicine and other supplies to combat a suspected cholera outbreak. At least 135 people had already died in the rural Artibonite region, host to thousands of quake refugees.
    (AP, 10/22/10)

2010        Oct 23, In Haiti 194 dead were confirmed dead of cholera in the poor Caribbean nation's worst health crisis since the Jan 12 quake. Authorities said more than 2,000 people were sick. Experts were investigating possible cases in Croix-des-Bouquet, a suburb of the capital, and radio reports said there were two dozen cases of diarrhea on Gonave island.
    (AP, 10/23/10)(SFC, 10/23/10, p.A3)

2010        Oct 24, In Haiti a cholera outbreak, that already left 250 people dead and more than 3,000 sickened, was at the doorstep of an enormous potential breeding ground: the squalid camps in Port-au-Prince where 1.3 million earthquake survivors live.
    (AP, 10/25/10)

2010        Oct 25, In Haiti gunmen shot up and robbed a bus carrying journalists covering the campaign of a presidential candidate, killing the driver and injuring a reporter.
    (AP, 10/26/10)

2010        Oct 26, UN officials counted 3,769 cases of cholera in Haiti and raised the death toll to 284.
    (SFC, 10/27/10, p.A2)

2010        Oct 29, In Haiti the death toll from the cholera epidemic rose to 330, as medical teams desperately sought to contain the outbreak.
    (AFP, 10/30/10)

2010        Nov 5, Haiti was lashed by heavy rains and wind from Hurricane Tomas. Leaders of the quake-hit nation called for mass evacuations from tent cities. 6 people were killed. Tomas  weakened the next day and was downgraded from a hurricane to a tropical storm as it passed over the Turks and Caicos Islands.
    (AFP, 11/5/10)(AP, 11/6/10)

2010        Nov 8, Haiti health officials said the cholera epidemic has spread into the capital, imperiling nearly 3 million people living in Port-au-Prince, nearly half of them in unsanitary tent camps for the homeless from the Jan. 12 earthquake. The outbreak had already killed at least 544 people.
    (AP, 11/9/10)

2010        Nov 12, The UN asked for $164 million to fight the cholera outbreak in Haiti, as the death toll reached 724 with 10 of the deaths and 278 cases in the capital Port-au-Prince.
    (AP, 11/12/10)

2010        Nov 15, Haiti's cholera toll rose above 900, including dozens of deaths in the teeming capital, as the epidemic showed no sign of abating just two weeks ahead of presidential elections. Anti-UN riots spread to several cities and towns, as protesters blaming a contingent of Nepalese peacekeepers for a deadly outbreak of cholera barricaded roads and exchanged gunfire with UN soldiers in clashes that lasted late into the night. Protests in Cap Haitien left at least 2 people dead.
    (AFP, 11/15/10)(AP, 11/16/10)(AFP, 11/18/10)

2010        Nov 17, Haiti's health ministry said that 1,100 people have now died from cholera. In Cap-Haitien anti-UN riots disrupted international efforts to tackle a spreading cholera epidemic, increasing the risk of infection and death for tens of thousands of poor Haitians in the north.
    (AFP, 11/18/10)

2010        Nov 22, In Haiti clashes between political factions left two dead as growing violence and a raging cholera epidemic raised fears of wider unrest ahead of key post-quake elections.
    (AFP, 11/24/10)

2010        Nov 27, In Haiti at least one person was killed and several wounded when gunmen opened fire on a rally for presidential candidate Michel Martelly.
    (AFP, 11/27/10)
2010        Nov 27, The British government said it is paying for more than 1,000 medical staff to work in Haiti as part of an aid package worth more than 5.6 million pounds to help combat a deadly cholera outbreak there.
    (AFP, 11/27/10)

2010        Nov 28, Haiti held elections. 96 contenders competed for 11 Senate seats and more than 800 sought to fill the 99-seat lower house. Within hours, ballot boxes were ripped to pieces, protesters were on the streets and nearly every presidential hopeful was united against the government. 12 of the 19 presidential candidates appeared together at a news conference to accuse Pres. Rene Preval of stealing the election and installing his chosen candidate, Jude Celestin. Haitian radio reported one man was shot to death at a polling place in rural Artibonite. Electoral officials said another was killed in southern Haiti. On Dec 7 officials announced that government protege Jude Celestin and former first lady Mirlande Manigat would advance to a runoff in presidential elections.
    (AP, 11/28/10)(AP, 11/29/10)(SFC, 11/29/10, p.A3)(AP, 12/8/10)

2010        Nov 29, International election monitors declared Haiti's vital post-quake elections valid, while two leading presidential candidates rowed back on allegations the polls had been rigged.
    (AFP, 11/29/10)

2010        Dec 3, The death toll in Haiti’s cholera epidemic reached nearly 1,900 people since erupting less than two months ago. The Health Ministry said there have been more than 80,000 cases since it was first detected in late October. The Pan-American Health Organization projected it could sicken 400,000 people within a year.
    (AP, 12/3/10)

2010        Dec 4, In Haiti 17 people died when a group taxi slammed into a truck on a blind curve in the southern peninsula town of Aquin.
    (AP, 12/5/10)

2010        Dec 6, Haitian medical sources said fully 140 people have died of cholera in recent days in the southwest, a region that had been largely spared the epidemic that has killed more than 1,880 people since mid-October.
    (AFP, 12/6/10)
2010        Dec 6, A motorboat overloaded with mostly Haitian migrants slammed into a reef off the British Virgin Islands and capsized as it tried to evade authorities. At least 8 people were killed, including two infants. 25 people were rescued. Police in St. Maarten arrested three Haitians and said they will be charged with human smuggling in the case.
    (AP, 12/7/10)(AP, 12/8/10)

2010        Dec 7, In Haiti furious supporters of an apparently eliminated candidate set fires and manned barricades in the streets of Port-au-Prince after officials announced that government protege Jude Celestin and former first lady Mirlande Manigat would advance to a runoff in presidential elections.
    (AP, 12/8/10)
2010        Dec 7, An expert report submitted to the French foreign ministry said respected French epidemiologist Professor Renaud Piarroux conducted a study in Haiti last month and concluded the epidemic began with an imported strain of the disease that could be traced back to the Nepalese base.
    (AFP, 12/7/10)

2010        Dec 8, In Haiti Michel "Sweet Micky" Martelly urged his backers to nonviolently protest results from Nov 28 presidential elections that demonstrators say were rigged. His campaign manager later said they would formally challenge the tallies released the previous evening to Haiti's Provisional Electoral Council. Thousands of protesters rampaged in Haitian towns, torching buildings in armed clashes that left four dead after election results triggered bitter accusations of vote-rigging.
    (AP, 12/9/10)(AFP, 12/9/10)

2010        Dec 14, In Haiti Michel "Sweet Micky" Martelly, the popular singer-turned-presidential candidate, called for the electoral commission to be replaced and the vote redone with all the original candidates involved. His apparent loss in flawed elections helped spark days of rioting.
    (AP, 12/14/10)

2010        Dec 22, Haitian officials said angry mobs have lynched at least 45 people in recent weeks, accusing them of spreading a cholera outbreak that has killed over 2,500 people across the country.
    (AFP, 12/22/10)
2010        Dec 22, In France 113 children arrived from Haiti to start new lives with adoptive parents in time for the holidays.
    (AP, 12/22/10)

2010        Dec 29, In Haiti Paul Waggoner, an American aid worker, was released from a notoriously overcrowded Haitian prison after a judge apparently cleared him of allegations that he kidnapped an infant from a hospital where he worked as a volunteer. Waggoner had been in custody for 18 days while authorities investigated the allegations of Frantz Philistin, a Haitian man whose infant son was treated at a hospital in Petionville in February.
    (AP, 12/30/10)

2011        Jan 3, The Dominican Republic launched its first major crackdown on illegal Haitian immigrants since last year's devastating earthquake, rounding up and deporting hundreds of people in recent days. Human rights groups criticized the deportations, accusing authorities of stopping and questioning people based on their physical appearance.
    (AP, 1/6/11)

2011        Jan 12, Pope Benedict XVI named a new archbishop for the Catholic church in Haiti on the first anniversary of the devastating earthquake that killed the bishop's predecessor along with dozens of other priests, seminarians and nuns. The Vatican said that Monsignor Guire Poulard, bishop of Les Cayes, is the new archbishop of Port-au-Prince.
    (AP, 1/12/11)

2011        Jan 13, Dominican Republic authorities resumed mass deportations of Haitian migrants after a brief lull, and government officers began demanding passports at bus stations as the country deals with a cholera scare.
    (AP, 1/13/11)

2011        Jan 14, In Haiti violence flared in Port-au-Prince with witnesses reporting gunfire. The trouble flared the morning after international election experts formally handed over a report calling for Jude Celestin to withdraw from the delayed runoff round in the presidential race, because of alleged vote-rigging. A 30-year-old Haitian was killed during a gunbattle between police and protesters.
    (AFP, 1/14/11)(AP, 1/14/11)

2011        Jan 16, Jean-Claude "Baby Doc" Duvalier (59) returned to Haiti after nearly 25 years in exile. The human rights groups Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch issued statements urging Haiti to hold Duvalier accountable for the torture and killing of civilians during his 15-year rule.
    (AP, 1/17/11)

2011        Jan 18, Haitian prosecutors slapped a slew of corruption charges on Jean-Claude "Baby Doc" Duvalier, under 48 hours after the ex-dictator's unexpected return to his homeland. He remained free after four hours of questioning.
    (AFP, 1/19/11)

2011        Jan 20, The United States resumed the deportation of Haitians for the first time since the devastating earthquake that struck the poor Caribbean nation last year.
    (Reuters, 1/20/11)

2011        Jan 21, The US State Department said it has revoked the visas of about a dozen Haitian officials, increasing pressure on the government to drop its favored candidate from the presidential runoff in favor of a popular contender who is warning of renewed protests if he is not on the ballot.
    (AP, 1/21/11)

2011        Jan 26, Haiti's ruling party announced that President Rene Preval's chosen successor, Jude Celestin, is withdrawing from the disputed race for president under pressure from the US, the Organization of American States and local protests.
    (AP, 1/26/11)

2011        Feb 1, Switzerland blocked Haiti ex-dictator Jean-Claude "Baby Doc" Duvalier's frozen Swiss millions under new legislation that came into force today to ease their return to the impoverished country. The "Duvalier law" was rushed through parliament last year to ease the restitution of assets stolen by corrupt or greedy politicians to their home countries.
    (AFP, 2/1/11)

2011        Feb 3, Haitian electoral officials dropped Jude Celestin, the government-backed candidate from the upcoming presidential runoff, ending a standoff with international powers over the results of a first-round of voting that was marred by fraud and disorganization. Former first lady Mirlande Manigat and musician Michel Martelly will contest a presidential run-off next month as the country moved ahead with its dispute-plagued elections process.
    (AP, 2/3/11)(Reuters, 2/3/11)

2011        Feb 7, In Haiti President Rene Preval’s chief of staff said Preval will stay in office for three more months as his country chooses a successor in a delayed election. An emergency law passed by members of Preval's former party in an expiring Senate allowed him to remain in office for up to three more months because his 2006 inauguration was delayed. The Haitian government issued a new passport to former president Jean-Bertrand Aristide, enabling him to end his exile in South Africa and return to Haiti.
    (AP, 2/7/11)(AFP, 2/8/11)

2011        Feb 9, In Haiti Radio Kiskeya journalist Garry Desrosiers was fatally shot on a busy street in Port-au-Prince after withdrawing about $1,000. An off-duty police officer fatally shot one gunman. Two other suspects escaped.
    (AP, 2/9/11)

2011        Feb 18, In Haiti several thousand supporters of ousted President Jean-Bertrand Aristide protested in the capital, waving photos of their exiled leader and vowing to derail a runoff election next month unless he returns.
    (AP, 2/18/11)

2011        Mar 6, In Haiti raucous crowds danced in the streets of the capital as the city celebrated its first Carnival since last year's earthquake forced the cancellation of the annual festivities.
    (AP, 3/7/11)

2011        Mar 15, In Haiti Danny Pye (29), a Christian pastor who runs an orphanage with his wife in the southern city of Jacmel, was released from jail held after being held without charges for five months. Judge Maxon Samdi initially jailed Pye last October over claims he took property from another group of missionaries.
    (AP, 3/16/11)

2011        Mar 17, American actor Danny Glover arrived in South Africa to escort former Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide home.
    (AP, 3/17/11)

2011        Mar 18, In Haiti former President Jean-Bertrand Aristide received celebrity treatment following his arrival after seven years in exile.
    (AP, 3/18/11)

2011        Mar 20, Haiti held a presidential runoff election between Mirlande Manigat, the former first lady, and Michel "Sweet Micky" Martelly, a star of Haitian compas music, the top two finishers in a first-round vote in November. Martelly captured nearly 68 percent of the vote.
    (AP, 3/20/11)(AP, 4/5/11)

2011        Apr 20, In Haiti election officials declared Michel Martelly, a popular singer known by the stage name "Sweet Micky," to be the earthquake-devastated country's next president. The final election results were released late in the day giving victories to 17 Chamber of Deputies candidates and one Senate candidate who ended up with far more votes than they had when preliminary returns were announced April 4. Demonstrations popped up in the countryside and some turned violent. The ruling Unity Party expanded its presence in the Chamber of Deputies, taking 46 of the 99 positions, and gained an absolute majority in the upper Senate with 17 of the 30 seats.
    (AP, 4/21/11)(AFP, 4/22/11)

2011        Apr 22, Haiti's president-elect Michel Martelly urged the international community to "not recognize the results of legislative elections" tainted by fraud to benefit the ruling party.
    (AFP, 4/23/11)

2011        Apr 27, In the Bahamas more than 100 people were left homeless after a fire wrecked a crowded shantytown on Abaco Island filled mostly with Haitian migrants.
    (AP, 4/29/11)

2011        May 8, Haitian lawmakers amended an article in the old constitution to do away with a law banning dual nationality. It would become official after it is published in The Monitor, a government publication.
    (AP, 5/9/11)

2011        May 11, Haitian officials reversed their findings on election results for all but four of 19 legislative races contested by the international community because of concerns about possible fraud.
    (AP, 5/11/11)

2011        May 14, In Haiti Michel Martelly took the oath of office as the new president, assuming the leadership of an impoverished country still in ruins from one of the most destructive earthquakes of modern times.
    (AFP, 5/14/11)

2011        Jun 2, In Haiti relief organization Oxfam said clinics in the Carrefour area west of downtown Port-au-Prince are seeing a sharp rise in cholera, with over 300 new cases per day.
    (AP, 6/2/11)

2011        Jun 7, In Haiti 7 days of heavy rains led to 23 deaths as mudslides and floods battered parts of the south.
            (AP, 6/7/11)

2011        Jun 21, Haitian lawmakers rejected Daniel-Gerard Rouzier, President Michel Martelly's choice for the next prime minister of Haiti, plunging the chronically troubled country into political uncertainty as a new government struggles to get its footing.
    (AP, 6/21/11)

2011        Jun 27, In Haiti high waves flipped a ferry over after it left La Gonave about 50 miles (80 km) west of Port-au-Prince. 5 people died, 7 people were missing, and five people were rescued.
    (AP, 6/28/11)

2011        Jun, In Haiti the number of cholera cases each day spiked to 1,700 in Mid-June.
    (SSFC, 7/10/11, p.A6)

2011        Jul 15, In Haiti four pilgrims died when a boulder fell on them on the peak day of a three-day Voodoo festival at the sacred site of Saut d'Eau.
    (AP, 7/15/11)

2011        Jul 20, In Haiti a man (18) was sexually assaulted by peacekeepers from Uruguay on a UN base along the southern coast. The alleged attack only became public in late August when a video taken by cell phone was circulated and the UN announced an investigation. The six Uruguayan marines were expelled from Haiti in September and jailed at home while military and civilian prosecutors investigated allegations. The former peacekeepers were freed in January, 2012, pending a military trial on charges of violating rules against fraternizing with civilians inside military bases.
    (AP, 9/6/11)(AP, 1/9/12)

2011        Jul 26, In Haiti a sailboat that sank off the country's northern coast killing at least 12 people. Police rescued at least 19 people, but 21 passengers remained missing.
    (AP, 7/29/11)

2011        Aug 2, Haitian lawmakers rejected President Michel Martelly's second pick for prime minister. 16 senators voted against the nomination of Bernard Gousse, a controversial former justice minister. The rest of the 30-member Senate refrained from voting.
    (AP, 8/2/11)

2011        Aug 4, Tropical Storm Emily brushed the southern coast of Hispaniola leaving one person dead in Haiti and three in the Dominican Republic.
    (AP, 8/5/11)

2011        Aug 5, In Haiti Jean-Claude Bajeux (79), a former culture minister, scholar and steadfast human rights activist who targeted both Haiti's long-ruling family dictatorship and the governments that followed, died.
    (AP, 8/5/11)

2011        Aug 26, Haitian notary Emile Giordani was snatched while driving his BMW on a sidestreet near downtown Port-au-Prince. Passers-by found his body the next morning dumped on a hilly road in the Canape Vert neighborhood of the capital.
    (AP, 8/27/11)(AP, 8/31/11)

2011        Sep 4, Haitian President Michel Martelly "vigorously condemned" an alleged sexual assault by UN troops against an 18-year-old man. The incident aggravated mistrust between Haitians and the peacekeeping mission. The UN was investigating allegations that five Uruguayan naval personnel at a UN base in the south sexually molested an 18-year-old man in an attack reportedly captured by a cell phone camera.
    (AP, 9/5/11)

2011        Sep 14, In Haiti protesters calling for the withdrawal of UN peacekeepers clashed with police outside the earthquake-damaged Haitian National Palace.
    (AP, 9/14/11)

2011        Sep 20, In northern Haiti 3 people died when a small, twin-engine turboprop aircraft used by a domestic Haitian airline crashed while trying to land during heavy rain. The single  passenger was a regular customer from Vietnam.
    (AP, 9/20/11)

2011        Oct 4, Haiti’s Senate approved Garry Conille as prime minister, hopefully jump-starting stalled earthquake reconstruction efforts.
    (AP, 10/5/11)

2011        Oct 7, Spain's Queen Sophia started a rare royal visit to Haiti to see some of the aid projects that her country has helped finance in the earthquake-stricken country.
    (AP, 10/7/11)

2011        Oct 10, In Haiti an official with Doctors Without Borders said the number of cholera cases seen in Port-au-Prince has jumped about threefold in recent weeks.
    (AP, 10/10/11)

2011        Oct 13, Haitian President Michel Martelly said he's determined to move forward with a controversial plan to bring back the army to the Caribbean nation.
    (AP, 10/13/11)

2011        Oct 18, In Haiti Dr. Paul Farmer said the local cholera outbreak is now the worst in the world with over 6,000 people killed and over 450,000 people sickened.
    (SFC, 10/19/11, p.A2)

2011        Oct 21, Haitian authorities closed the Son of God orphanage where the director was accused by US missionaries of not feeding children and selling donated goods.
    (AP, 10/21/11)

2011        Oct 25, In Florida Joel Esquenazi (52), the former boss of Terra Telecommunications Corp., was sentenced to 15 years in jail for paying over $890,000 in bribes to Haiti’s national telephone company (2001-2005). He and executive Carlos Rodriguez (55) were convicted on Aug 4. Rodriguez was sentenced to 7 years.
    (Econ, 11/5/11, p.72)(http://tinyurl.com/7tdxara)

2011        Nov 8, The Boston-based Institute for Justice and Democracy in Haiti said it has filed claims with the United Nations seeking damages on behalf of more than 5,000 Haitian cholera victims and their families.
    (AP, 11/8/11)

2011        Nov 11, Haitian Culture Minister Choiseul Henriquez (51), a former journalist and newly appointed, died of a brain hemorrhage while in Canada.
    (AP, 11/12/11)

2011        Nov 27, Haiti hip hop star Wyclef Jean said he's proud of the way his charity responded after the earthquake almost two years ago. His comments followed reports published by The New York Post saying his foundation collected $16 million in 2010 but less than a third of that went to emergency efforts.
    (AP, 11/28/11)

2011        Dec 24, A boat carrying Haitian migrants sank off Cuba's eastern coast. 38 migrants were killed and 87 others rescued by Cuban civil defense forces.
    (AP, 12/24/11)

2011        Dec 27, UN human rights officials in Haiti issued a report accusing the national police department of excessive force, saying there is evidence officers may have killed at least nine people in the capital.
    (AP, 12/27/11)

2011        Paul Farmer, UN Deputy Special Envoy to Haiti, authored “Haiti: After the Earthquake.”
    (Econ, 7/30/11, p.78)

2012        Jan 10, Brazil’s Justice Minister Jose Eduardo Cardozo said Brazil will grant work visas to 2,400 Haitians who are stuck in two Amazon border towns. He said another 1,600 Haitians in Brazil have been given visas already.
    (AP, 1/10/12)

2012        Jan 16, In Haiti 29 people died and 67 were injured after a truck's brakes failed and the vehicle crashed on Route Delmas, one of the busiest streets of  Port-au-Prince.
    (AP, 1/17/12)

2012        Jan 18, In Haiti the driver for a French journalist was killed in a robbery. Haitian driver Maxime Alcius died of gunshot wounds but Anthony Lapeyre and his wife escaped unharmed.
    (AP, 1/20/12)

2012        Jan 19, A Haitian judge convicted seven police officers on a range of charges for their role in a prison riot in which at least 10 prisoners were shot to death on Jan 19, 2010.
    (AP, 1/20/12)

2012        Jan 20, In Haiti Pakistani peace-keepers raped a 14-year-old boy in Gonaives. In March a Pakistani military tribunal convicted two soldiers and sentenced them to one year in prison.
    (Econ, 4/28/12, p.41)

2012        Jan 25, The Haitian government and European Union signed an agreement for building a road to connect the capital with the country's second largest city.
    (AP, 1/25/12)

2012        Jan 31, Haiti’s Pres. Michel Martelly awarded actor Sean Penn the honor of ambassador at large.
    (SFC, 2/1/12, p.A2)

2012        Feb 1, In Haiti visitng Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff said Brazil will offer 6,000 visas to Haitians over a five-year period as one of several efforts that look to help the troubled Caribbean nation get on its feet.
    (AP, 2/1/12)

2012        Feb 24, Haitian PM Garry Conille abruptly resigned his post, giving the country a new political crisis that is likely to distract the government and further delay efforts to rebuild from the devastating January 2010 earthquake. His resignation was thought to have stemmed from disagreements with Pres. Martelly and his inner circle.
    (AP, 2/24/12)

2012        Feb 29, In Haiti thousands of supporters of two-time President Jean-Bertrand Aristide rallied in the capital on the eighth anniversary of the former leader's ouster. The demonstrators accused current President Michel Martelly of not doing enough to improve their lives and pressed for the departure of the country's UN peacekeeping mission.
    (AP, 2/29/12)

2012        Mar 6, In Haiti Venel Joseph, a prominent banker whose son recently pleaded guilty in a US federal bribery case, was shot and killed in Port-au-Prince. Joseph was director of Haiti's Central Bank during former Pres. Jean-Bertrand Aristide's 2nd term from 2001 to 2004.
    (AP, 3/7/12)

2012        Apr 16, Haiti, the United States and international partners launched a nationwide vaccination campaign seeking to curb or prevent infectious diseases.
    (AP, 4/16/12)

2012        Apr, Prospectors in Haiti found the first significant silver ever reported there: between 20 million and 30 million ounces. A flurry of exploratory drilling in the past year has found precious metals worth potentially $20 billion below the ridges in the country's northeastern mountains.
    (AP, 5/11/12)

2012        Jun 1, In the Dominican Rep. new work requirements took effect, but the government said the rules won't be enforced until month's end. A large number of Haitian workers were particularly impacted.
    (AP, 6/11/12)

2012        Jun 19, In southern Haiti a bus overturned in a rain-swollen river. Officials differed about the number of people who died. Local civil protection officials were said to have recovered the bodies of 40 people. The bus owner said there were 27 people aboard and that only eight people are missing.
    (AP, 6/19/12)

2012        Jul 23, In Haiti 4 squatters were shot to death as police and other officials forced them to vacate a woodland in La Visite National Park. Haiti was down to about 2% of its original forest cover.
    (SFC, 8/31/12, p.A4)

2012        Aug 25, Tropical Storm Isaac swept across Haiti's southern peninsula killing 8 people and another two in neighboring Dominican Republic.
    (AP, 8/25/12)(AP, 8/26/12)

2012        Sep 30, In Haiti thousands of people in Port-au-Prince, complaining of the high cost of living and alleged corruption, protested against the government of Pres. Michel Martelly.
    (SFC, 10/1/12, p.A2)

2012        Oct 13, In Haiti visiting Nobel peace laureate Mohammad Yunus, a Bangladeshi banker, announced that his pro-business development group is financing several endeavors through a mix of loans and equity.
    (AP, 10/13/12)

2012        Oct 24, Hurricane Sandy crossed over Jamaica. An elderly man was killed by a boulder that crashed into his clapboard house. Sandy killed 51 people in Haiti. At least 65 people were left dead as Sandy left the Caribbean.
    (AP, 10/25/12)(AP, 10/26/12)(AP, 10/28/12)

2012        Nov 16, Haitian officials confirmed 3,593 cases of cholera and 837 more suspected cases since Hurricane Sandy’s passage.
    (SFC, 11/17/12, p.A2)

2012        Dec 21, Haiti’s government announced that it has awarded permits for the first time in its history to allow two companies to openly mine for gold and copper.
    (SFC, 12/22/12, p.A2)

2012        Laurent Dubois authored “Haiti: The Aftershocks of History.”
    (Econ, 2/18/12, p.85)
2012        Jonathan Katz authored “The Big Truck That Went by: How the World Came to Save Haiti and Left Behind a Disaster.”
    (SSFC, 12/30/12, p.F1)

2013        Jan 25, In Haiti up to 20 people were killed after their truck plunged into a canal.
    (SSFC, 1/27/13, p.A4)

2013        Feb 18, US Attorney General Eric Holder discussed regional crime with Caribbean leaders during a summit in Haiti.
    (AP, 2/18/13)

2013        Feb 21, A Haitian judge summoned Jean-Claude Duvalier (61) to appear in court after the former dictator defied an order to attend a hearing to determine whether he should again face charges for human rights abuses committed during the nearly 15 years of his brutal regime.
    (AP, 2/21/13)

2013        Mar 11, The Clinton Foundation announced that grants for over $700,000 will go toward efforts in Haiti to plant trees, build a coffee farm and train farmers. Heineken NV announced that it would invest $40 million to expand a brewery and help farmers who supply it with sorghum.
    (AP, 3/12/13)

2013        Mar, Deaths from Haiti’s cholera epidemic, which began in 2010, reached 8,205.
    (Econ, 3/2/13, p.38)

2013        Apr 3, George Corvington (88), a prominent Haitian historian, died in Port-au-Prince. His 8-volume, French-language "Port-au-Prince Through the Ages" chronicled the political and social history of Port-au-Prince, from its founding under French colonial rule in 1749 to the departure of President Paul Magloire in 1956.
    (AP, 4/3/13)

2013        Apr 23, Amnesty International said Haiti has violated international human rights obligations by failing to protect people who have been forced to leave the impromptu settlements that sprang up in the Caribbean nation after the 2010 earthquake.
    (AP, 4/23/13)

2013        Apr 25, In Haiti Richard Joyal (62), a Catholic missionary from Manitoba, Canada, was shot to death as he left a bank in Port-au-Prince.
    (Reuters, 4/25/13)

2013        Jun 3, Haiti brought in mining experts from around the world in hopes of developing precious metals in one of the world's poorest countries. Testing has indicated that gold, copper and silver in the country's northeastern mountains could be worth $20 billion.
    (AP, 6/3/13)

2013        Jul 1, Connecticut’s Fairfield Univ. and others that supported a charity, designed to help feed and educate boys in Haiti, reached a $12 million settlement with children who were sexually abused by Douglas Perlitz, a founder of the group. Perlitz  was sentenced to nearly 20 years in prison in 2011 for the assaults at the Project Pierre Toussaint School.
    (SFC, 7/2/13, p.A4)

2013        Jul, Haiti’s government signed a deal with Vietnam to expand cooperation in energy, textiles, food and electronics.
    (Econ, 8/24/13, p.36)

2013        Sep 26, The Dominican Republic's Constitutional Court stripped citizenship from thousands of people born to migrants who came illegally, a category that overwhelmingly includes Haitians brought in to work on farms. The court retroactively stripped the citizenship of people born after 1929  to parents without Dominican ancestry.
    (AP, 9/26/13)(SSFC, 12/1/13, p.A22)

2013        Oct 16, A boat with more than dozen people, including Jamaicans and Haitians, capsized off the coast of South Florida. 4 women died and 11 people were taken into custody.
    (SFC, 10/16/12, p.A7)

2013        Nov 18, In Haiti police fired tear gas in the two main cities to disperse thousands of protesters demanding better living conditions and the resignation of President Michel Martelly.
    (AFP, 11/18/13)

2013        Nov 24, Dominican Rep. soldiers expelled 244 Haitians following the deaths of 3 people killed near the border.
    (SFC, 11/25/13, p.A2)

2013        Nov 25, A sailboat passing through the southern Bahamas islands with about 150 Haitian migrants on board capsized after running aground, killing up to 30 people and leaving the rest clinging to the vessel for hours.
    (AP, 11/27/13)

2013        Nov 29, Thousands of young Haitians demonstrated in several cities demanding that President Michel Martelly step down.
    (AFP, 11/29/13)

2013        Dec 25, A boat capsized off the Turks and Caicos islands and 17 Haitian suspected illegal migrants died. 33 people were rescued.
    (AFP, 12/25/13)(SFC, 12/26/13, p.A2)

2014        Jan 11, Sean Penn’s 3rd annual Help Haiti Home benefit in Beverly Hills raised nearly $6 million.
    (SFC, 1/13/14, p.A4)

2014        Jan 17, In Haiti a judge concluded the investigation into one of the country’s most notorious political assassinations, accusing nine people of having a hand in the 2000 killing of radio journalist Jean Dominique, including several close associates of former Pres. Jean-Bertrand Aristide.
    (Reuters, 1/18/14)

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