Timeline Iraq (B) 2000-2005

Iraq A
Return to home

2000        Jan 9, Iraqi TV reported that US and British air strikes in southern Iraq wounded 3 people.
    (SFC, 1/10/00, p.A11)

2000        Jan 26, The UN appointed Hans Blix of Sweden to be the new weapons inspector for Iraq.
    (SFC, 1/27/00, p.A12)

2000        Jan 27, The execution of 26 political prisoners at the Abu Gharib prison reportedly took place. Another 13 political detainees were later reported to have died there in the last 2 months from torture neglect and malnutrition.
    (SFC, 2/19/00, p.C1)

2000        Feb 13, In Iraq top UN official Hans von Sponeck quit in protest that sanctions were undermining humanitarian efforts.
    (SFC, 2/17/00, p.D16)

2000        Feb 15, In Iraq a 2nd UN official, Jutta Burghardt, quit in protest that sanctions were undermining humanitarian efforts.
    (WSJ, 2/16/00, p.A1)(SFC, 2/17/00, p.D16)

2000        Feb 28, It was reported that Iraq and Syria had established diplomatic ties  that were cut in Aug 1980 when Damascus sided with Iran just before the Iran-Iraq war.
    (SFC, 2/28/00, p.C2)

2000        Mar 15, In Iraq US and British warplanes hit southern targets and Iraq reported that one civilian was killed and 6 injured.
    (SFC, 3/16/00, p.A15)

2000        Mar 21, In Iraq a mortar attack on a Baghdad apartment building killed 4 people and injured 38. Persian agents were blamed.
    (SFC, 3/23/00, p.D2)

2000        Mar 24, The US agreed to double the amount of money Iraq was allowed to spend to repair its oil industry and lifted holds on over $100 million in equipment.
    (SFC, 3/25/00, p.A10)

2000        Mar 31, The UN Security Council decided to let Iraq spend more money to repair its oil industry, an investment intended to boost the amount of food and medicine Baghdad could buy through the UN humanitarian program.
    (SFC, 4/1/00, p.A12)(AP, 3/31/01)

2000        Mar 28, Odai Hussein (35), the eldest son of Saddam Hussein, won a victory in parliamentary elections.
    (SFC, 3/29/00, p.A16)

2000        Apr 3, Turkish warplanes struck Kurdish rebel bases in northern Iraq.
    (SFC, 4/4/00, p.A12)

2000        Apr 4, In Iraq US and British warplanes bombed military sites in the south and Iraqi news reported 2 civilians killed and 2 wounded.
    (SFC, 4/5/00, p.A11)

2000        Apr 6, In Iraq US and British warplanes bombed military sites in the south and Iraqi military reported 14 civilians killed and 19 wounded.
    (SFC, 4/7/00, p.D2)

2000        May 17, In Iraq a US-British air attack killed Omran Harbi Jawair (13), a shepherd boy, near Toq al-Ghazalat. 4 other shepherds were injured. Some 300 Iraqis were killed and 800 wounded over the last 18 months from US and British bombing.
    (SFC, 6/23/00, p.A18)

2000        Jun 8, The UN voted (Resolution 1302) to extend Iraq’s oil for food program. Over the next 2 years the extensions were repeated every 180 days.
    (SFC, 9/24/02, p.A12)

2000        Jun 28, In Iraq 2 UN staffers were shot and killed in a UN building in Baghdad. Fowad Hussein Haydar (38) was arrested in the attack which he staged to protest int’l. sanctions.
    (SFC, 6/29/00, p.A10)

2000        Jun 29, Iraq said US and British warplanes bombed North Rumeila and killed a woman shepherd and injured her husband.
    (SFC, 6/30/00, p.A18)

2000        Jul 26, The US Navy reported that an F-14 Tomcat jet crashed in Saudi Arabia during a training flight. Iraqi air defense later reported that Iraqi units had shot down a US Air Force F-14 over southern Iraq in mid July and that the Navy report was a coverup.
    (SFEC, 8/20/00, p.B16)

2000        Jul, Iraq’s 1st Internet café opened with surfing censored.
    (NW, 9/23/02, p.39)

2000        Aug 10, In Baghdad Pres. Chavez of Venezuela held talks with Pres. Saddam Hussein in support of upcoming oil talks in Caracas.
    (SFC, 8/11/00, p.A15)

2000        Aug 11, British and US bombers struck southern Iraq and Iraqi military reported 2 people killed and 19 injured.
    (SFC, 8/14/00, p.A12)

2000        Aug 12, British and US bombers struck southern Iraq for a 2nd day and Iraqi military reported 3 people injured.
    (SFC, 8/14/00, p.A12)

2000        Aug 15, US warplanes bombed air defense sites in northern Iraq.
    (SFC, 8/16/00, p.A18)

2000        Aug 21, Iraq threatened to retaliate against Turkey over airstrikes that left some 40 civilians dead.
    (WSJ, 8/22/00, p.A1)

2000        Aug 25, German intelligence confirmed that it had discovered a secret Iraqi missile factory near Baghdad. Some 250 technicians were reported working on ARABIL-100 short-range missiles.
    (SFC, 8/26/00, p.A9)

2000        Aug 28, Iraq charged that 311 of its citizens had been killed and 927 wounded by US and British warplanes since the bombing campaign began in Dec 1998.
    (WSJ, 8/28/00, p.A1)

2000        Aug, Iraq reopened its international airport.
    (SFC, 9/23/00, p.A8)

2000        Sep 22, France allowed a chartered aircraft with humanitarian personnel  to fly to Baghdad.
    (SFC, 9/23/00, p.A8)

2000        Sep 27, Jordan planned a flight to Iraq regardless of clearance from the UN sanctions committee.
    (SFC, 9/27/00, p.A15)

2000        Oct 4, Tunisia flew a plane carrying humanitarian aid and a soccer team to Iraq.
    (SFC, 10/9/00, p.a10)

2000        Oct 9, Turkey became the 9th nation to send a token humanitarian flight to Iraq.
    (SFC, 10/10/00, p.A13)

2000        Oct 14, A Saudi jetliner was hijacked with over 100 people and landed in Baghdad. 2 hijackers were arrested.
    (SFEC, 10/15/00, p.A10)

2000        Oct, Pres. Hussein called for volunteers for the "Jerusalem Army," a force to wrest control of Jerusalem from Israel.
    (SFC, 3/12/01, p.A12)

2000        Nov 2, A US and British air strike in southern Iraq wounded 3 people.
    (SFC, 11/3/00, p.A18)

2000        Nov 5, In Iraq passenger flights resumed in the no-fly zones in a challenge to US and British imposed sanctions.
    (SFC, 11/6/00, p.A12)

2000        Nov 8, Saudi Arabia opened its border with Iraq and signed export contracts to nearly $600 million under exceptions to US sanctions.
    (WSJ, 11/8/00, p.A1)

2000        Nov 14, In Iraq a bomb killed 6 people in Irbil.
    (SFC, 11/17/00, p.D6)

2000        Nov, Syria opened a pipeline to Iraq’s oil that generated at least $2 per day for Saddam Hussein’s regime.
    (SFC, 1/23/01, p.A11)

2000        Dec 1, Iraq halted oil production due to the UN’s refusal to authorize a new payment arrangement for the oil-for-food program. Production was resumed after  2 days.
    (SFC, 12/4/00, p.A12)

2000        Dec 11, In Iraq Saddam Hussein sent troops into the northern Kurdish zone. Kurds and other non-Arab Iraqis were being displaced further north.
    (WSJ, 12/12/00, p.A1)(SFC, 12/13/00, p.B6)

2000        Richard Butler, former chief UN weapons inspector, authored "Saddam Defiant."
    (SFC, 5/26/00, p.A14)
2000        Iraq began levying an illegal surcharge of 50 cents a barrel on its oil-for-food sales in order to create a revenue stream directly back to Baghdad  instead of the UN’s humanitarian fund.
    (WSJ, 9/18/02, p.A1)
2000        The Czech Security Information Service (BIS) learned that Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein planned to use an anti-tank rocket to attack the US-funded Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty in Prague and warned Hussein that they were aware of his plans.
    (AP, 11/30/09)
2000        Ukraine’s Pres. Kuchma authorized the sale of an advanced $100 million radar system to Iraq in violation of UN sanctions. Evidence of the sale emerged in 2002.
    (SFC, 4/16/02, p.A7)
2000        By this time Saddam Hussein’s policy to drain the wetlands of Iraq reduced the area by 85%. Hundreds of thousands of native Madans had left leaving as few as 20,000. After the fall of Hussein scientists reflooded the area and by 2007 about 50% was restored. Madan residents rose to about 90,000.
    (WSJ, 3/21/07, p.B11)

2001        Jan 3, Iraq denied reports that Pres. Saddam Hussein was hospitalized with a stroke following a parade Dec 31.
    (SFC, 1/4/01, p.A12)

2001        Jan 4, It was reported that Saddam Hussein had sent moral support and distributed some 270 checks for $10,000 each to the families of Palestinians killed in clashes with Israelis since Nov.
    (SFC, 1/5/01, p.A17)

2001        Jan 7, Iraqi Kurdish officials reported that at least 500 Turkish troops had pushed 100 miles into northern Iraq in response to a call for help from the PUK. The PUK was fighting the PKK and had lost 200 soldiers in recent weeks. Some 10,000 Turkish troops had entered northern Iraq since Dec 20.
    (SFC, 1/8/01, p.A9)

2001        Jan 20, The Iraqi government said US and British warplanes killed 6 citizens in air attacks over southern Al-Muthana province.
    (SSFC, 1/21/01, p.D4)

2001        Feb 16, Two dozen US and British aircraft bombed 5 radar and other anti-aircraft sites around Baghdad with guided missiles. A number of new guided bombs, AGM-154A priced from $250-700k, missed their targets.
    (SFC, 2/17/01, p.A1)

2001        Feb 18, The Iraqi press referred to Pres. Bush as "son of the snake" and "the new dwarf" following the Feb. 16 bombing attacks.
    (SFC, 2/19/01, p.A9)

2001        Apr 18, Iran launched 56 Scud missiles against an Iraq-based opposition group. At least 3 People’s Mujahideen camps were hit.
    (WSJ, 4/19/01, p.A1)

2001        Apr 22, Ahmed Khalil Ibrahim Samir al-Ani, an Iraqi diplomat, was expelled from the Czech Republic. He was later reported to have met with Mohamed Atta and planned an attack on Radio Free Europe.  Five others were expelled in March 2003.
    (SFC, 11/10/01, p.A5)(AP, 11/30/09)

2001        Jun 1, The Bush administration removed curbs on the sale of $800 million in goods to Iraq. A UN oil-for-food exchange was extended for 1 month rather than the normal 6 months. Iraq responded by saying it wouldn’t resume oil exports.
    (SFC, 6/2/01, p.A9)(WSJ, 6/4/01, p.A1)

2001        Jun 19, Iraq claimed that 23 civilians were killed when Western planes bombed a soccer field during a match in the northern town of Tall Afar. US and Britain denied responsibility and blamed a malfunctioning Iraqi anti-aircraft missile.
    (WSJ, 6/21/01, p.A1)(SFC, 6/21/01, p.A12)

2001        Jun 25, In southern Iraq a US Navy fighter jet attacked an anti-aircraft site in response to artillery fire.
    (SFC, 6/26/01, p.C2)

2001        Jul 3, Muhammad al-Humaimidi, a high-ranking Iraqi diplomat, asked for asylum in NYC.
    (SFC, 7/4/01, p.A10)

2001        Jul 5, Iraq accepted a 5-month UN extension for the oil-for-food program.
    (SFC, 7/6/01, p.D6)

2001        Aug 10, About 20 US and British jets bombed air-defense installation south of Baghdad in retaliation for increased anti-aircraft activity. Iraqis claimed 1 civilian was killed and 11  wounded.
    (SFC, 8/11/01, p.A8)

2001        Aug 14, US warplanes attacked an Iraqi air defense system modernized with fiber optics by Chinese technicians.
    (WSJ, 8/15/01, p.A1)

2001        Aug 27, An unmanned US reconnaissance aircraft, Predator, was reported shot down over southern Iraq near Basra. In northern Iraq US planes attacked a missile and Iraq claimed 1 civilian was killed.
    (SFC, 8/28/01, p.A7)(WSJ, 8/28/01, p.A1)

2001        Aug 30, US warplanes bombed an Iraqi radar site near Basra’s airport.
    (WSJ, 8/31/01, p.A1)

2001        Sep 10, Iraq said it shot down a 2nd US spy plane. The US reported an unmanned plane missing.
    (SFC, 9/12/01, p.C3)

2001        Sep 27, US and British warplanes struck 2 artillery sites in Iraq’s southern no-fly zone.
    (SFC, 9/28/01, p.D6)

2001        Oct 10, An unmanned US spy plane was lost over southern Iraq, the 3rd since Aug 27.
    (WSJ, 10/11/01, p.A1)

2001        Oct 24, A Greek captain provided the UN Security Council with a letter that admitted the illegal export of 500,000 barrels of Iraqi crude oil during 2 trips in May and August.
    (SFC, 10/26/01, p.D4)

2001        Oct 25, Ismat Kittani, Iraqi diplomat, died at age 71. He served in the UN under 5 secretaries-general and was president of the 36th UN General Assembly from 1981-1982.
    (SFC, 10/26/01, p.D7)

2001        Oct, Mohammad F. Abdul Razak, the 1st secretary at the Iraqi Embassy in Romania, was asked to leave for unsavory practices.
    (WSJ, 12/20/01, p.A12)

2001        Nov 17, Two US sailors, Benjamin Johnson and Vincent Parker, were missing after the oil tanker Samra sank in the northern Persian Gulf. The ship was suspected of smuggling Iraqi oil.
    (SFC, 11/19/01, p.A14)(SSFC, 11/25/01, p.A20)

2001        Nov 29, The UN Security Council extended for 6 months the sanctions program that let Iraq sell some oil to buy civilian goods. The US and Russia agreed to overhaul the program before the next vote.
    (WSJ, 11/30/01, p.A1)

2001        Dec 20, It was reported that Adnan Ihsan Saeed al-Haideri, a defector from Iraq, said he worked on renovations of secret facilities for biological, chemical and nuclear weapons in Iraq before fleeing a year ago.
    (SFC, 12/20/01, p.A5)

2001        Dec, Oscar Wyatt (81), chairman of Coastal Corp., agreed to a surcharge of about $200,000 to be paid to bank account in Jordan controlled by officials of Iraq’s State Oil Marketing Organization. This was in violation of the UN’s oil-for-food program. Wyatt was arrested in 2005 at his home in Houston. In 2007 Wyatt was sentenced to over a year in jail after admitting approval of the surcharge.
    (SFC, 10/22/05, p.A3)(WSJ, 11/28/07, p.B10)

2001        Saddam Hussein authored the novel "Zabibah and the King." It was released as a "novel by its author." A rape scene was set on Jan 17, 1991, the bombing of Baghdad during Operation Desert Storm.
    (SSFC, 6/23/02, p.D2)
2001        Saddam Hussein built the Hussein Al-Majid Mosque in Tikrit over the grave of his father.
    (SFC, 1/10/04, p.A10)
2001        Ansar al-Islam, blamed for attacks in Iraq and supported by a network of members in Europe, was founded in late 2001 in Kurdish part of northern Iraq by Mullah Krekar, who had lived as refugee in Norway since 1991.
    (AP, 1/8/05)

2002        Jan 4, The WSJ quoted Ali K. Shukri, retired Jordanian general: a strike on Iraq "is not a question of whether it’s going to happen, but when—and it is coming." Action in the Spring was suggested.
    (WSJ, 1/4/02, p.A6)

2002        Jan 5, It was reported that funds for the Iraqi National Congress (INC), the leading opposition group to Saddam Hussein, were suspended due to accounting problems.
    (SFC, 1/5/02, p.15)

2002        Jan 27, Iran’s Pres. Khatami met with Iraqi Foreign Minister Naji Sabri in Tehran as part of an effort to restore ties.
    (SFC, 2/1/02, p.A18)
2002        Jan 27, Iraq admitted an int’l. nuclear-inspection team (IAEA) on a 4-day mission to a site near Baghdad.
    (WSJ, 1/28/02, p.A1)

2002        Jan 29, Pres. Bush made his 1st State of the Union address and declared that the "war against terror is only beginning." Bush singled out Iran, Iraq and North Korea as an "axis of evil."
    (SFC, 1/30/02, p.A1)(SFC, 1/31/02, p.A1)

2002        Feb 12, Sec. of State Colin Powell said the Bush administration was considering a variety of options to topple Iraq’s Saddam Hussein.
    (SFC, 2/12/02, p.A17)

2002        Mar 11, It was reported that the US CIA and State Dept. was interviewing former Iraqi generals for a possible overthrow of Saddam Hussein.
    (SFC, 3/12/02, p.A12)

2002        Mar 13, Pres. Mubarek of Egypt said he would press Iraq to readmit UN weapons inspectors and had received indications of agreement.
    (SFC, 3/14/02, p.A6)

2002        Mar 29, Iraq expressed interest in resuming relations with Kuwait.
    (SFC, 3/30/02, p.A11)

2002        Apr 4, It was reported that Saddam Hussein of Iraq had raised financial payments to the relatives of suicide bombers from $10k to $25k.
    (SFC, 4/4/02, p.A10)

2002        Apr 4, Pres. Bush responded to British TV journalist Trevor McDonald’s question "Have you made up your mind that Iraq must be attacked?" by saying: "I made up my mind that Hussein needs to go."
    (SFC, 6/15/02, p.A13)

2002        Apr 7, Saddam Hussein pledged to defeat the US if attacked and promised to continue supplying Palestinians to defend against Israel.
    (SFC, 4/8/02, p.A9)
2002        Apr 7, Pres. Bush ended weekend talks with Britain’s PM Tony Blair in Texas. Blair said he would back a US military action against Iraq.
    (SFC, 4/8/02, p.A9)

2002        May 2, A report on Iraq’s oil sales showed that illegal surcharges allowed Iraq to siphon off large amounts for its war chest.
    (WSJ, 5/2/02, p.A1)

2002        May 5, Iraq voted to resume oil exports.
    (SFC, 5/6/02, p.A3)

2002        May 14, The UN Security Council revamped its sanctions against Iraq in order to ease the delivery of civilian goods and tighten controls on military items.
    (SFC, 5/15/02, p.A12)

2002        Jun 9, Iraq and Qatar signed a free-trade agreement to drop customs duties and ease the flow of goods between the two Arab countries, further mending relations damaged by the 1990-91 Gulf War.
    (AP, 6/9/02)

2002        Jun 16, The Bush administration revealed a secret plan to for the CIA to undermine and possibly kill Iraqi Pres. Saddam Hussein. [see Apr 4]
    (SFC, 6/17/02, p.A1)

2002        Jul 4, American warplanes bombed an Iraqi air defense system after coming under attack from Iraqi anti-aircraft artillery.
    (AP, 7/4/02)

2002        Jul 6, Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan arrived in Baghdad for a two-day visit Saturday to discuss steps that could be taken to avert a possible U.S. military campaign against Iraq.
    (AP, 7/6/02)

2002        Jul 13,  In southern Iraq 7 civilians were reported injured in U.S. air raids.
    (AP, 7/14/02)

2002        Jul 19, US and British warplanes destroyed a military communications facility in southern Iraq. Iraq said the strike killed 5 people including a couple and their children.
    (SFC, 7/20/02, p.A11)

2002        Jul 21, In Iraq executions of 15 political dissidents took place in the Abu Ghraib prison, west of Baghdad, and the bodies were buried at night in a mass grave at al-Karkh cemetery in Baghdad. The Iraqi opposition group Center for Human Rights reported this Sep 30.
    (AP, 9/30/02)

2002        Jul 23, A memo from 10 Downing St. described an earlier meeting of Sir Richard Dearlove, head of British Intelligence, with US officials in Washington in which he noted a shift in attitude in the Bush administration, which saw military action as inevitable in Iraq and that it would be justified by the conjunction of terrorism and WMD. The memo became public in 2005.
    (SFC, 7/4/05, p.B6)

2002        Jul 28, Aircraft from U.S.-British air patrols over southern Iraq bombed an Iraqi communications site, the sixth strike this month in retaliation for what the Pentagon says were hostile actions by Iraq.
    (AP, 7/29/02)

2002        Jul, Alexander Downer, Australia’s foreign minister, accused Saddam Hussein of developing weapons of mass destruction. Iraq soon after announced that it would cut its wheat purchases from Australia. Directors of AWB, Australia's wheat exporter, flew to Iraq and struck a new deal for wheat shipments.
    (Econ, 1/28/06, p.42)

2002        Aug 1, Opponents of Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein shot and wounded his younger son, Qusai (35), in an assassination attempt in Baghdad. The Iraqi National Congress opposition group reported the event 2 weeks later.
    (AP, 8/14/02)

2002        Aug 2, Facing an increasing possibility of U.S. military action, Iraq gave the first solid indication in nearly four years that it will allow U.N. weapons inspectors to return and invited the chief inspector to Baghdad for talks.
    (AP, 8/2/02)

2002        Aug 8, Saddam Hussein organized a big military parade and then warned "the forces of evil" not to attack Iraq as he sought once more to shift the debate away from world demands that he live up to agreements that ended the Gulf War.
    (AP, 8/8/03)

2002        Aug 12, Iraq's information minister, Mohammed Saeed al-Sahhaf told the Arabic satellite television station Al-Jazeera that there was no need for U.N. weapons inspectors to return to Baghdad and branded as a "lie" allegations that Saddam Hussein still had weapons of mass destruction.
    (AP, 8/12/03)

2002        Aug 14, Aircraft from the U.S.-British coalition patrolling southern Iraq bombed two Iraqi air defense sites.
    (AP, 8/15/02)

2002        Aug 16, Russia and Iraqi officials planned to sign a 5-year $40 billion economic cooperation agreement.
    (SFC, 8/17/02, p.A1)
2002        Aug 16, Sabri al-Banna, aka Abu Nidal (65), Palestinian guerrilla commander and head of the Fatah-Revolutionary Council, died from gunshot wounds in his Baghdad home. Iraqi officials said he killed himself.
    (Reuters, 8/19/02)(WSJ, 8/20/02, p.A18)(AP, 8/21/02)

2002        Aug 20, In Germany 5 members of the Iraqi Opposition of Germany took over the Iraqi embassy for 5 hours to protest against Saddam Hussein.
    (SFC, 8/20/02, p.A7)

2002        Aug 23, U.S. warplanes bombed an air defense site in northern Iraq after being targeted by an Iraqi missile guidance radar system.
    (AP, 8/23/02)

2002        Aug 25, Iraq said US and British bombing killed 8 people near Basra. A U.S.-British air raid in southern Iraq destroyed a major military surveillance site that monitors American troops in the Persian Gulf
    (WSJ, 8/26/02, p.A1)(AP, 8/27/02)

2002        Aug 26, US VP Cheney said that there is "no doubt" that Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein is amassing weapons of mass destruction for use against America and its allies.
    (SFC, 8/27/02, p.A1)

2002        Aug 30, For the 6th time in a week, coalition aircraft bombed an Iraqi defense facility in one of the no-fly zones patrolled by U.S. and British pilots.
    (AP, 8/30/02)

2002        Sep 1, Secretary of State Colin Powell said the US should first seek a return of U.N. weapons inspectors to Iraq before taking any further steps.
    (AP, 9/1/02)

2002        Sep 2, Russia urged Iraq to admit U.N. weapons inspectors to avoid a war that could jeopardize multibillion-dollar economic deals between the trading partners.
    (AP, 9/2/02)

2002        Sep 3, Iraq said it was ready to discuss a return of U.N. weapons inspectors, but only in a broader context of ending sanctions and restoring Iraqi sovereignty over all its territory.
    (AP, 9/3/02)

2002        Sep 5, The U.S. military stated that American and British planes attacked an air defense command and control facility at a military airfield 240 miles southwest of Baghdad.
    (AP, 9/6/02)

2002        Sep 7, Pres. Bush met with British PM Tony Blair at Camp David, Md., to work out a strategy for taking action against Iraq’s Saddam Hussein.
    (SSFC, 9/8/02, p.A3)

2002        Sep 9, Allied aircraft struck Iraq for the third time in a week, bombing a military facility southeast of Baghdad.
    (AP, 9/9/02)

2002        Sep 12, Pres. Bush addressed the UN and laid out his case against Iraq’s Pres. Saddam Hussein. Bush was expected to announce US plans to rejoin Unesco, headquartered in Paris. France favored a demand for weapons inspectors in Iraq along with force if Iraq resisted.
    (WSJ, 9/12/02, p.A1,4)(SFC, 9/13/02, p.A1)

2002        Sep 13, Iraq will pay up to $5,000 each to Palestinians whose home is demolished in the Israeli campaign against suspected militants, a pro-Iraqi group said Friday, hinting also that Iraq is supplying weapons to the Palestinians.
    (AP, 9/13/02)
2002        Sep 13, A top Iraqi official said Baghdad opposes the return of U.N. weapons inspectors and President Bush’s speech to the United Nations was "full of lies." Iraq will attack Israel if it takes part in a U.S. strike against President Hussein’s government, an Iraqi minister said in published remarks.
    (AP, 9/13/02)
2002        Sep 13, Foreign ministers of the U.N. Security Council’s permanent five nations said that Iraq’s refusal to obey past U.N. resolutions "is a serious matter and that Iraq must comply." Russia, Europe and key Arab states piled pressure on Iraq on Friday to readmit U.N. weapons inspectors to avert possible U.S.-led military action.
    (AP, 9/13/02)(Reuters, 9/13/02)

2002        Sep 15, U.S. and British warplanes bombed Iraqi installations in the southern no-fly zone. Major air defense sites were being targeted.
    (AP, 9/15/02)(SFC, 9/17/02, p.A12)
2002        Sep 15, At least 5 Iraqi agents graduated from a 2-week course in surveillance techniques at the "Special Training Center" in Moscow.
    (SSFC, 4/13/03, p.A1)

2002        Sep 16, Iraq said it would allow UN weapons inspectors unconditional access to suspected weapons sites. Naji Sabri, Iraq’s minister of foreign affairs, addressed the letter to UN Sec. Gen. Kofi Annan. The inspection commission, headed by Hans Blix, is responsible for overseeing the destruction of Iraq’s chemical and biological weapons and the long-range missiles to deliver them. Core staff: 63 people from 17 nations.
    (SFC, 9/17/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 9/17/02, p.A3)(AP, 9/18/02)

2002        Sep 17, Weapons inspectors and Iraqi officials agreed to meet in Vienna in 10 days to complete arrangements for the inspectors’ return. The UN said Iraq had abandoned its illegal surcharges in the oil-for-food program.
    (AP, 9/17/02)(WSJ, 9/18/02, p.A1)

2002        Sep 21, Iraq rejected U.S. efforts to secure a U.N. resolution threatening war, with Iraqi state-run radio announcing Baghdad will not abide by unfavorable new resolutions adopted by the U.N. Security Council.
    (AP, 9/21/02)

2002        Sep 24, Iraq dismissed a British government report that said Saddam Hussein is pursuing chemical, biological and nuclear weapons.
    (AP, 9/24/02)
2002        Sep 24, Allied aircraft struck Iraqi air defense facilities again in a double strike at two southeastern installations. Precision-guided weapons were aimed at a radar facility near Al Amarah about 165 miles southeast of Baghdad and a defense communications facility at Tallil, about 170 miles southeast of the capital.
    (AP, 9/25/02)

2002        Sep 27, Three U.S. lawmakers, all Democrats, arrived in Baghdad to gauge the possible effects of war on ordinary Iraqi citizens. The visit by Rep. Jim McDermott of Washington and fellow House Democrats David Bonior of Michigan and Mike Thompson of California followed a Sept. 14 visit by a delegation led by Rep. Nick Rahall, a West Virginia Democrat.
    (AP, 9/27/02)

2002        Sep 28, Iraq rejected a U.S.-British plan for the United Nations to force President Saddam Hussein to disarm and open his palaces for weapons searches.
    (AP, 9/28/03)
2002        Sep 28, U.S. jets raided the Basra civilian airport for the second time inside a week, targeting its radar systems and the passenger terminals.
    (AP, 9/29/02)

2002        Oct 1, Allied aircraft launched an airstrike in the southern no-fly zone over Iraq after Iraqi aircraft penetrated the restricted area. Iraq agreed to a plan for the return of UN weapons inspectors for the first time in nearly four years, but ignored US demands for access to Saddam Hussein's palaces and other contested sites. Iraq said it expected an advance party in Baghdad in two weeks.
    (AP, 10/1/07)(AP, 10/2/02)

2002        Oct 2, Iraq said it would not accept any new U.N. resolution to cover the operations of arms inspectors on its soil and vowed it would hit back hard against any U.S. attack on Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/2/02)

2002        Oct 4, Hans Blix, UN weapons inspector, endorsed a US demand that Iraq make a full declaration of its weapons program before inspections resume.
    (SFC, 10/5/02, p.A7)

2002        Oct 7, In a somber address to the nation to support his action against Iraq, President Bush labeled Saddam Hussein a "homicidal dictator" and said the threat from Iraq was unique and imminent: "We refuse to live in fear."
    (SFC, 10/8/02, p.A1)(AP, 10/7/03)

2002        Oct 10, Allied planes bombed radar and missile sites in the southern no-fly zone over Iraq, targeting President Saddam Hussein’s air defenses for the third time this week.
    (AP, 10/10/02)
2002        Oct 10, The US Congress gave Pres. Bush authorization to use armed forces against Iraq. The House voted 296-133 in favor.
    (SFC, 10/11/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/11/02, p.A1)

2002        Oct 15, In Iraq Saddam Hussein won the presidential referendum for another 7-year term. He claimed a 100% victory the next day.
    (SFC, 10/16/02, p.A9)
2002        Oct 15, Allied planes bombed a military command facility in the southern no-fly zone over Iraq after taking fire from Iraqi forces.
    (AP, 10/15/02)

2002        Oct 16, The US offered a compromise proposal at the UN that called for serious consequences if Iraq does not comply with weapons inspections.
    (SFC, 10/17/02, p.A1)

2002        Oct 16, President Bush signed a congressional resolution authorizing war against Iraq.
    (AP, 10/16/07)

2002        Oct 18, Five trucks carrying looted Kuwaiti archives left the Iraqi capital, bound for Kuwait.
    (AP, 10/18/02)

2002        Oct 20, In Iraq President Saddam Hussein issued an amnesty to all political prisoners and exiles to mark his perfect 100 percent uncontested election.
    (AP, 10/20/02)

2002        Oct 21, President Bush said he would try diplomacy "one more time," but did not think Saddam Hussein would disarm, even if doing so would allow the Iraqi president to remain in power.
    (AP, 10/21/03)

2002        Oct 22, Allied planes bombed a military air defense site in the northern no-fly zone over Iraq after taking fire from Iraqi forces.
    (AP, 10/22/02)

2002        Oct 23, Allied planes bombed two military air defense sites in the southern no-fly zone over Iraq in the third round of strikes in a week.
    (AP, 10/23/02)

2002        Oct 24, In Iraq officials told many foreign journalists to leave due to coverage of recent protests.
    (SFC, 10/25/02, p.A3)

2002        Oct 30, Allied warplanes bombed Iraqi defense systems in the northern no-fly zone over Iraq after being fired upon during routine patrols.
    (AP, 10/30/02)

2002        Nov 2, Pres. Bush called Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein a "dangerous man" with links to terrorist networks, and said that UN inspections for weapons of mass destruction were critical.
    (AP, 11/2/03)

2002        Nov 8, The UN Security Council unanimously approved a tough new Iraq resolution, aimed at forcing Saddam Hussein to disarm or face "serious consequences." Iraq has until Nov. 15 to accept its terms and pledge to comply. Iraq has until Dec. 8 to provide weapons inspectors and the Security Council with a complete declaration of all aspects of its chemical, biological and nuclear programs. Weapons inspectors have until Dec. 23 to resume their work in Iraq. Weapons inspectors are to report to the Security Council 60 days after the start of their work. If inspectors resume their work on Dec. 23, the latest they would be able to report to the council would be Feb. 21, 2003.
    (AP, 11/8/02)
2002        Nov 8, Pres. Bush said the new UN Resolution 1441 presented the Iraqi regime "with a final test."
    (AP, 11/8/03)

2002        Nov 10, U.S. warplanes flying from an aircraft carrier in the Gulf struck missile sites in southern Iraq in response to hostile acts.
    (AP, 11/11/02)

2002        Nov 11, Iraqi lawmakers denounced a new UN resolution on weapons inspections as dishonest, provocative and worthy of rejection. But the Iraqi parliament said it ultimately would trust whatever President Saddam Hussein decided.
    (AP, 11/11/03)

2002        Nov 13, Iraq accepted a tough new U.N. resolution that will return U.N. weapons inspectors to the country after nearly four years.
    (AP, 11/13/02)

2002        Nov 15, US aircraft exchanged fire with Iraqi ground forces near An Najaf, about 85 miles south of Baghdad.
    (SFC, 11/16/02, p.A6)

2002        Nov 16, In an open letter to the Iraqi Parliament, Pres. Saddam Hussein said he had no choice but to accept a tough new UN weapons inspection resolution because the US and Israel had shown their "claws and teeth" and declared unilateral war on the Iraqi people.
    (AP, 11/16/03)

2002        Nov 18, UN inspectors returned to Iraq after a 4-year hiatus to resume the search for weapons of mass destruction.
    (AP, 11/18/03)

2002        Nov 21, The 19 NATO leaders demanded that Iraq "fully and immediately" comply with a UN resolution to disarm. It was at the NATO Summit in Prague that  the NATO Response Force initiative was announced together with the other major military transformation initiatives, the Prague Capabilities Commitment and the fundamental revision of the NATO military command structure. The NRF concept was approved by Ministers of Defense in June 2003 in Brussels.
    (AP, 11/21/02)(http://www.nato.int/issues/nrf/index.html)

2002        Nov 24, In a letter to UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan, the Iraqi government complained that the small print behind upcoming weapons inspections would give Washington a pretext to attack.
    (AP, 11/24/03)

2002        Nov 26, Iraqi air defense units fired at American and British warplanes that carried out dozens of sorties in the country.
    (AP, 11/26/02)

2002        Nov 27, International arms monitors searched a military missile-testing range and a state factory outside Baghdad, starting a new round of inspections that could determine the future of peace in the Middle East.
    (AP, 11/27/02)

2002        Dec 3, U.N. weapons inspectors made their first unannounced visit to one of Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein's presidential palaces.
    (AP, 12/3/03)

2002        Dec 4, Iraqi forces shot at allied aircraft patrolling the no-fly zone and U.S. planes retaliated by bombing part of the country’s air defense system.
    (AP, 12/4/02)

2002        Dec 4, Kurdish militiamen of the PUK battled Islamic militants (Ansar al-Islam) believed to be linked to al-Qaida in northern Iraq, and as many as 30 militiamen were killed or wounded.
    (AP, 12/4/02)(SFC, 12/6/02, p.A18)

2002        Dec 7, The Iraqi government presented to the rest of the world a 12,000 page declaration detailing its nuclear, chemical and biological activities and formally declaring to the UN that it has no weapons of mass destruction. Saddam Hussein grudgingly apologized to Kuwaitis for invading their country in 1990.
    (AP, 12/7/02)(SSFC, 12/8/02, p.A1)

2002        Dec 8, Iraq's massive dossier detailing its chemical, biological and nuclear programs arrived in New York; the U.N. Security Council agreed to give full copies to the United States and the four other permanent council members — Britain, France, Russia and China.
    (AP, 12/8/03)

2002        Dec 9, The United States received a copy Monday of Saddam Hussein’s massive arms declaration as inspectors began combing the dossier for clues about whether Iraq is free of weapons of mass destruction.
    (AP, 12/9/02)

2002        Dec 10, A U.S. F-16 fighter bombed an Iraqi surface-to-air missile system after Iraq moved it deep into the southern no-fly zone.
    (AP, 12/10/02)

2002        Dec 17, Iraqi exiles in London declared they want to build a "new Iraq" and agreed on a power-sharing plan that for the first time recognizes the political clout of Shiite Muslims, a majority in a nation long controlled by Sunni Muslims such as Saddam Hussein. Some delegates walked out of the London meeting warning of possible civil war if they were sidelined in any new government.
    (AP, 12/17/02)(Reuters, 12/17/02)
2002        Dec 17, Mohammed Jawad allegedly attacked US troops with a grenade. He was arrested and later transferred to Guantanamo Bay. US authorities claimed he was at least 16-years old at the time of his arrest, but it later emerged he may have been as young as 12.
    (SFC, 7/31/09, p.A5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mohamed_Jawad)

2002        Dec 19, U.N. weapons inspectors reported that Iraq’s new arms declaration contained inconsistencies and contradictions and didn’t answer key questions about its nuclear, chemical and biological programs.
    (AP, 12/19/02)
2002        Dec 19, US Secretary of State Colin Powell declared Iraq in "material breach" of a U.N. disarmament resolution.
    (AP, 12/19/03)

2002        Dec 20, U.N. weapons inspectors put Iraq on notice that it must provide far more evidence about its weapons of mass destruction. Chief U.N. weapons inspector Hans Blix urged the United States and Britain to hand over any evidence they have about Iraq’s secret weapons programs so U.N. inspectors can check it on the ground. The US began sharing sensitive information with the UN.
    (AP, 12/20/02)(AP, 12/21/02)(SFC, 12/21/02, p.A7)
2002        Dec 20, U.S. jets fired on two Iraqi air defense sites in the southern no-fly zone after an Iraqi jet entered the restricted air space.
    (AP, 12/20/02)

2002        Dec 23, Iraqi aircraft shot down a U.S. unmanned surveillance drone over southern Iraq.
    (AP, 12/23/02)

2002        Dec 24, Saddam Hussein said in an address read on television that Iraqis were ready to fight a holy war against the United States.
    (AP, 12/24/03)
2002        Dec 24, Israeli PM Sharon said Saddam Hussein had transferred chemical and biological weapons to Syria.
    (SFC, 12/25/02, p.A16)

2002        Dec 28, Iraq delivered a list to UN officials naming over 500 scientists who have worked on nuclear, chemical, biological and missile programs.
    (AP, 12/28/02)

2002        Dec 30, British and US warplanes flying multiple missions attacked Iraq air defense facilities after an Iraqi fighter jet penetrated the southern no-fly zone.
    (AP, 12/31/02)
2002        Dec 30, The UN passed a resolution by a 13-0 vote with Russia and Syria abstaining that put new limits on Iraq for purchases of certain communications equipment and antibiotics.
    (AP, 1/2/03)

2002        Curt Coughlin authored "Saddam: King of Terror."
    (SSFC, 11/24/02, p.M1)
2002        Saddam Hussein authored a 2nd novel "The Impregnable Fortress." 2 million copies were printed and his son Udai ordered 250,000 copies.
    (SSFC, 6/23/02, p.D2)
2002        Sandra Mackey authored "The Reckoning: Iraq and the Legacy of Saddam Hussein."
    (SSFC, 6/30/02, p.M1)
2002        Kenneth M. Pollack authored "The Threatening Storm: The Case for Invading Iraq."
    (WSJ, 10/10/02, p.D10)

2002        The US opened formal contacts with Daawa leader Ibrahim al Jaafari after clearing him in embassy bombings.
    (WSJ, 4/28/05, p.A1

2003        Jan 1, U.S. and British warplanes attacked an Iraqi mobile radar system after it entered the southern no-fly zone.
    (AP, 1/1/03)

2003        Jan 6, U.S. warplanes bombed two Iraqi anti-aircraft radars that threatened pilots patrolling the southern no-fly zone.
    (AP, 1/7/03)
2003        Jan 6, Iraqi President Saddam Hussein accused U.N. inspectors of engaging in "intelligence work" instead of searching for suspected nuclear, chemical and biological weapons in his country.
    (AP, 1/6/04)
2003        Jan 6, Thousands of Marines, sailors and soldiers headed for the Persian Gulf region, shipping out from California, Georgia and Maryland as the buildup for a possible war with Iraq accelerated sharply.
    (AP, 1/6/04)

2003        Jan 9, UN weapons inspectors said there's no "smoking gun" to prove Iraq has nuclear, chemical or biological weapons, but they demanded that Baghdad provide private access to scientists and fresh evidence to back its claim that it had destroyed its weapons of mass destruction.
    (AP, 1/9/08)

2003        Jan 10, The European Union proposed a diplomatic initiative to avoid war against Iraq and increased pressure on Washington to pursue a peaceful solution to the crisis over Iraq’s arms programs.
    (AP, 1/10/03)
2003        Jan 10, Iraq blocked all e-mail services following a batch of messages from disguised US agencies urging dissent and military defections. Some service was restored the next day.
    (SSFC, 1/12/03, p.A14)

2003        Jan 13, US warplanes struck an anti-ship missile launcher in southern Iraq. US planes also dropped leaflets over An Najaf, about 85 miles southeast of Baghdad. It was the 14th drop in 3 months.
    (AP, 1/13/03)
2003        Jan 13, U.N. inspectors took their hunt for banned arms to science and technology colleges in Baghdad, and the top nuclear inspector said his teams’ mission would take several more months.
    (AP, 1/13/03)
2003        Jan 13, It was reported that Iraq has experienced a dramatic increase in child cancers in recent years. Blame was cast on the US use of depleted uranium during the 1991 Gulf War.
    (SFC, 1/13/03, p.A1)

2003        Jan 17, On the 12th anniversary of the Gulf War, a defiant Saddam Hussein called on his people to rise up and defend the nation against a new U.S.-led attack.
    (AP, 1/17/04)
2003        Jan 17, Iraq and Russia signed three oil agreements for exploration and development of oil fields in southern and western Iraq.
    (AP, 1/17/03)

2003        Jan 18, UN officials warned Iraq it was running out of time to cooperate and avoid war.
    (AP, 1/18/08)

2003        Jan 19,  Hans Blix and Mohamed El Baradei, the chief U.N. arms inspectors, sat down for urgent talks with Iraqi officials.
    (AP, 1/19/03)
2003        Jan 19, Syria and Iran support Turkey’s proposal for a regional summit to seek a peaceful way out of the Iraq standoff. Turkey has offered to hold the summit where Egypt, Iran, Jordan, Saudi Arabia and Syria would discuss the standoff over Iraq.
    (AP, 1/19/03)

2003        Jan 20, The chief U.N. arms inspectors and Iraqi officials agreed on practical steps to greater Iraqi cooperation in the U.N. disarmament program, including Baghdad’s encouragement of weapons scientists to submit to private U.N. interviews.
    (AP, 1/20/03)

2003        Jan 22, France and Germany joined forces to prevent any U.S.-led war on Iraq.
    (Reuters, 1/22/03)

2003        Jan 24, American warplanes bombed an Iraqi air defense site, the 12th strike in the southern flight interdiction zone this month.
    (AP, 1/24/03)

2003        Jan 27, The Bush administration moved toward a military showdown with Iraq and suggested a decision could come as early as next week after UN inspectors credited Iraq with only limited cooperation in the search for weapons. Meanwhile, chief U.N. inspector Hans Blix charged that Iraq had never genuinely accepted U.N. resolutions demanding its disarmament and warned that "cooperation on substance" was necessary for a peaceful solution.
    (AP, 1/27/03)(SFC, 1/28/03, p.A1)

2003        Jan 28, Pres. Bush in his State of the Union vowed to use the "full force and might of the U.S. military" if needed to disarm Saddam Hussein's Iraq. Bush pledged of $15 billion for AIDS assistance in Africa, a domestic agenda of tax cuts, medical malpractice caps and a ban on certain late abortions. Bush also announced a $1.2 billion hydrogen fuel initiative.
    (www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/02/20030206-2.html)(AP, 1/29/03)(WSJ, 1/29/03, p.A1)

2003        Jan 31, Top U.N. arms inspectors said they would not agree to new talks in Baghdad unless Iraq demonstrated more cooperation and met unspecified conditions.
    (AP, 1/31/03)

2003        Jan, Pres. Bush received classified reports from the National Intelligence Council that an American-led invasion of Iraq would increase support for political Islam and result in a deeply divided Iraqi society prone to violent internal conflict.
    (SFC, 9/28/04, p.A3)
2003        Jan, In Baghdad, Iraq, Hayder Mounthir staged his play "Where Is the Government." The entire cast was briefly jailed after one performance. He re-staged the play at the National Theater with a new ending in Nov.
    (WSJ, 11/10/03, p.A1)
2003        Jan, An environmental assessment on Iraq was finalized for the US government. It indicated that Iraqis had ordered 8 million pounds of sodium dichromate, a deadly toxin, to keep water pipes from corroding. Months later US soldiers were sickened after they arrived at the Qarmat Ali water treatment plant. Oregon Nat’l. Guard soldiers sued military contractor KBR in 2009. KBR said it only knew of the presence of the toxin July 2003.
    (SFC, 4/5/12, p.A8)

2003        Feb 3, It was reported that the US and Britain had mapped out a strategy to limit arms inspections in Iraq to no more than 6 more weeks.
    (SFC, 2/3/03, p.A1)
2003        Feb 3, A new British report said Iraqi security agents have bugged every room and telephone of the U.N. weapons inspectors based in Baghdad and have hidden documents in Iraqi hospitals, mosques and homes.
    (AP, 2/4/03)

2003        Feb 5, Secretary of State Colin Powell, made his case that Iraq had defied all demands that it disarm, presented tape recordings, satellite photos and statements from informants that he said was "irrefutable and undeniable" evidence that Saddam Hussein is concealing weapons of mass destruction.
    (AP, 2/5/03)(SFC, 2/6/03, p.A1)

2003        Feb 8, The chief UN arms inspectors arrived in Baghdad for a new round of crucial talks with Iraqi officials.
    (AP, 2/8/04)
2003        Feb 8, In Iraq gunmen posing as defectors from an Islamic extremist group killed  Gen. Shawkat Haji Mushir, a political leader of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan and two other Kurdish officials.
    (AP, 2/9/03)

2003        Feb 10, Iraq agreed to allow U-2 surveillance flights over its territory, meeting a key demand by U.N. inspectors searching for banned weapons; President Bush, however, brushed aside Iraqi concessions as too little, too late.
    (AP, 2/10/04)

2003        Feb 11, A group of around 50 Western anti-war activists received visas to enter Iraq where they plan to form "human shields." Iraq said it would allow U-2 surveillance flights.
    (Reuters, 2/11/03)(SFC, 2/11/03, p.A10)

2003        Feb 13, American Special Forces were reported to be in various parts of Iraq for what seemed to be the initial phases of a ground war.
    (SFC, 2/12/03, p.A14)

2003        Feb 14, Saddam Hussein banned all weapons of mass destruction from Iraq, meeting a long time U.N. demand.
    (AP, 2/14/03)
2003        Feb 14, UN weapons inspectors haven’t found any weapons of mass destruction in Iraq but chief inspector Hans Blix said many proscribed materials remain unaccounted for.
    (AP, 2/14/03)(SFC, 2/15/03, p.A1)

2003        Feb 15, American warplanes bombed two anti-aircraft missile sites in southern Iraq.
    (AP, 2/15/03)
2003          Feb 15, Rattled by an outpouring of anti-war sentiment, the US and Britain began reworking a draft resolution to authorize force against Saddam Hussein.
    (AP, 2/15/03)
2003          Feb 15, Millions of protesters, many of them marching in the capitals of America’s allies, demonstrated against possible US plans to attack Iraq.
    (AP, 2/15/03)(AP, 2/16/03)

2003          Feb 21, It was reported that Iraq had recently begun shipping large quantities of oil through its Khor al Amaya port.
    (WSJ, 2/21/03, p.A1)
2003          Feb 21, Chief UN inspector Hans Blix ordered Baghdad to begin destroying dozens of illegal missiles and their components by March 1.
    (AP, 2/22/03)(SFC, 2/22/03, A1)

2003          Feb 23, In Iraq Saddam Hussein met separately with Russian Yevgeny Primakov and former US attorney gen’l. Ramsay Clark. Clark said Hussein feared that Pres. Bush had made up his mind to attack and that there was nothing he could do to prevent it.
    (SFC, 2/25/03, A10)
2003          Feb 23, The UN Children’s Fund and Iraqi health teams began a five-day campaign to vaccinate 4 million Iraqi children against polio.
    (AP, 2/23/03)

2003          Feb 24, Dan Rather interviewed Saddam Hussein via satellite and Hussein proposed a live debate with Pres. Bush. Hussein said he would rather die than leave his country and that he would not destroy its wealth by setting fire to its oil wells in the event of a U.S.-led invasion.
    (SFC, 2/25/03, A10)(AP, 2/26/03)
2003        Feb 24, Seeking U.N. approval for war against Iraq, the United States, Britain and Spain submitted a resolution to the Security Council declaring that Saddam Hussein had missed "the final opportunity" to disarm peacefully and indicating that he had to face the consequences.
    (SFC, 2/25/03, A1)(AP, 2/24/04)

2003        Feb 25, Chief U.N. weapons inspector Hans Blix said Iraq was showing new signs of real cooperation, but President Bush was dismissive, predicting Saddam Hussein would try to "fool the world one more time."
    (AP, 2/25/04)
2003          Feb 25, Iraq provided new information about its weapons and reported the discovery of 2 bombs, including one possibly filled with a biological agent.
    (AP, 2/25/03)

2003          Feb 26, French Prime Minister Jean-Pierre Raffarin warned that waging war against Iraq now, would split the international community and "be perceived as precipitous and illegitimate."
    (AP, 2/26/03)

2003        Feb 27, Iraq agreed in principle to destroy its Al Samoud Two missiles, two days before a U.N. deadline.
    (AP, 2/27/04)

2003          Feb 28, Iraq agreed to begin destroying its Al Samoud 2 missiles within 24 hours.
    (AP, 2/28/03)

2003        Feb, Saddam Hussein accepted an 11th-hour offer to flee into exile weeks ahead of the U.S.-led invasion, but Arab League officials scuttled the proposal. The exile initiative was spearheaded by the late president of the United Arab Emirates, Sheik Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, at an emergency Arab summit held in Egypt. This was not made public until 2005 when Sheik Mohammed Bin Zayed Al Nahyan, the son of Sheik Zayed, reported it in an interview aired by Al-Arabiya TV.
    (AP, 10/29/05)

2003          Mar 1, Iraq destroyed 4 of over 100 Al Samoud 2 missiles and agreed with the UN on a timetable to dismantle the rest of the missile program.
    (AP, 3/1/03)(SSFC, 3/2/03, A1)
2003          Mar 1, Arab leaders held a summit in Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt. The UAR became the 1st Arab country to call for Saddam Hussein to step down.
    (SSFC, 3/2/03, A8)
2003          Mar 1, Turkey's parliament failed to approve a bill allowing in American combat troops to open a northern front against Iraq. Lawmakers voted 264-250 in favor of stationing US troops but that was 3 votes shy of a constitutionally mandated simple majority.
    (AP, 3/2/03)(AP, 3/1/08)

2003        Mar 2, Iraq crushed another six Al Samoud II missiles, as ordered by UN weapons inspectors. Iraqi scientist Mahmud Faraj Bilal al-Samarrai, implicated in Saddam Hussein's weapons of mass destruction (WMD), surrendered to the CIA. He was freed in 2012.
    (AP, 3/2/08)(AFP, 4/15/12)

2003          Mar 4, Iran called for UN-supervised elections in neighboring Iraq and urged the divided Iraqi opposition to reconcile with Pres. Saddam Hussein as part of a plan aimed at averting a US-led war on Iraq.
    (AP, 3/4/03)
2003        Mar 4, It was later reported that CNN top people found out that the US war on Iraq would begin Mar 19.
    (SFC, 4/3/03, p.W2)
2003          Mar 4, In northern Iraq Kurdish soldiers killed 5 Muslim men in a possible case of mistaken identity.
    (AP, 3/4/03)(SFC, 3/5/03, p.A10)

2003          Mar 6, President Bush held a new conference and warned that he was prepared to go to war soon in Iraq with or without U.N. backing.
    (AP, 3/7/03)(SFC, 3/7/03, p.A1)
2003          Mar 6, Britain offered to compromise on a US-backed resolution by giving Saddam Hussein a short deadline to prove he has eliminated all banned weapons or face an attack.
    (AP, 3/6/03)

2003          Mar 7, Kazem al-Sahir (41), Iraqi pop singer with over 30 million records sold, scheduled a benefit concert at the Berkeley Community Theater. His US tour was set to raise medical and school supplies for Iraqi children.
    (SSFC, 3/2/03, A28)(SFC, 3/6/03, p.F1)
2003          Mar 7, The US and its allies moved to set March 17 as the final deadline for Saddam Hussein to prove he has given up his weapons of mass destruction.
    (AP, 3/8/03)(SFC, 3/8/03, p.A1)
2003          Mar 7, Mohamed ElBaradei, UN chief nuclear weapons inspector, expressed frustration at the quality of US information on Iraqi weapons and charged that some documents may have been faked.
    (SFC, 3/8/03, p.A11)

2003          Mar 8, Iraq resumed the destruction of banned Al Samoud 2 missiles after taking a day off and called on the UN to lift sanctions after arms inspectors gave a positive assessment of Baghdad’s cooperation. Iraq also demanded that the UN strip Israel of weapons of mass destruction, require withdrawal from occupied Palestinian territory and that the UN brand the US and Britain as liars.
    (AP, 3/8/03)(SSFC, 3/9/03, p.A8)
2003          Mar 8, Former US president and Nobel Peace Prize winner Jimmy Carter condemned preparations for a unilateral US attack on Iraq.
    (AP, 3/9/03)
2003          Mar 8, Thousands of US women staged "Code Pink" marches against a possible war with Iraq. Some 4,000 marched near the White House.
    (SSFC, 3/9/03, p.A3)
2003          Mar 8, In Romania 5 Iraqi diplomats were expelled for "activities incompatible with their status."  Last week the US expelled two U.N.-based Iraqi diplomats and identified 300 Iraqis in 60 countries, some operating as diplomats out of Iraqi embassies, whom it wanted expelled.
    (AP, 3/10/03)

2003          Mar 9, In Rawalpindi, Pakistan, hundreds of thousands of people protested a possible US war with Iraq.
    (SFC, 3/10/03, p.A11)

2003        Mar 10, Facing almost certain defeat, the United States and Britain delayed a vote in the U.N. Security Council to give Saddam Hussein an ultimatum to disarm.
    (AP, 3/10/04)
2003          Mar 10, Russian Foreign Minister Igor Ivanov warned the Kremlin would vote against the US and British resolution that gives Saddam Hussein a March 17 deadline to disarm.
    (AP, 3/10/03)

2003          Mar 11, Iraq destroyed more Al Samoud 2 missiles raising the total destroyed to 52 of some 100.
    (AP, 3/11/03)
2003          Mar 11, Kofi Annan said military action against Iraq without support of the UN security council would be out of conformity with the UN charter. The US and Britain considered a short extension past March 17, but rejected a 45-day deadline back by 6 council members.
    (SFC, 3/11/03, p.A1)(SFC, 3/12/03, p.A1)
2003          Mar 11, A top Australian intelligence adviser resigned to protest the government’s hardline policy on Iraq. Andrew Wilkie, one of its senior intelligence analysts argued that, based on U.S. and other intelligence information he has seen, there is currently no justification for a war on Iraq.
    (IPS, 3/12/03)

2003        Mar 12, Brittain proposed compromise language giving Saddam Hussein until Mar 17 to take 6 concrete disarmament steps.
    (WSJ, 3/13/03, p.A1)

2003        Mar 15, Many thousands of anti-war demonstrators marched in SF, Washington DC and around the world against plans for a war with Iraq.
    (SFC, 3/16/03, p.A1)(AP, 3/15/08)

2003        Mar 17, Pres. Bush gave Saddam Hussein 48 hours to go into exile or face military onslaught.
    (SFC, 3/19/03, p.A1)
2003        Mar 16, Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein warned that if Iraq were attacked, it would take the war anywhere in the world "wherever there is sky, land or water."
    (AP, 3/16/04)
2003        Mar 17, In Denmark Nizar Al-Khazraji, former Iraqi general, disappeared.
    (WSJ, 4/9/03, p.A1)
2003        Mar 17-May 25, Iraq was scheduled to take over as chairman of the UN disarmament organization, but declined the position.
    (SSFC, 2/9/03, p.A16)

2003        Mar 18, Some $900 million in US bills and as much as 100 million in euros was taken from Iraq's Central Bank by Saddam Hussein and his family. The New York Times reported on May 5 that Saddam ordered the money taken from the Central Bank and sent his son Qusai in the middle of the night. This became the largest cash theft in recent history.
    (AP, 5/6/03)(AP, 2/28/06)

2003        Mar 19, President Bush ordered the start of war against Iraq. Because of the time difference, it was early March 20 in Iraq. Operation Iraqi Freedom began with a few US targeted strikes in Baghdad against Saddam Hussein, targeting him personally with a barrage of cruise missiles and bombs as a prelude to invasion. Iraq responded hours later, firing missiles toward American troops positioned just across its border with Kuwait. The codename for the invasion of Iraq was Cobra II. In 2006 Michael Gordon and Bernard Trainor authored “Cobra II: The Inside Story of the Invasion and Occupation of Iraq.
    (SSFC, 3/30/03, p.W12)(AP, 3/19/04)(Econ, 4/8/06, p.82)
2003        Mar 19, It was reported that Iraq had some 10 million land mines.
    (WSJ, 3/19/03, p.A1)

2003        Mar 20, Hundreds of thousands of people marched on American embassies in world capitals to protest the war against Iraq.
    (AP, 3/20/03)
2003        Mar 20, Operation Iraqi Freedom began with a few targeted strikes in Baghdad against Saddam Hussein, targeting him personally with a barrage of cruise missiles and bombs as a prelude to invasion. Iraq responded hours later, firing missiles toward American troops positioned just across its border with Kuwait. US Sec. of State Rumsfeld warned that the attack in Iraq would be "of a force and scope and scale that is beyond what has been seen before." A "shock and awe" strategy was planned based on a 1996 "rapid dominance" strategy. The US seized $1.74 billion in frozen Iraqi assets and declared it would be used for humanitarian purposes. Saddam Hussein appeared on state-run television accusing the United States of a "shameful crime" and urging his people to "draw your sword" against the invaders. Iraq set fire to at least 10 oil wells.
     (SFC, 3/20/03, p.W1)(SFC, 3/21/03, p.W11)(WSJ, 3/21/03, p.A1)(AP, 3/20/04)
2003        Mar 20, UN Sec. Gen’l. Kofi Annan asked to be put in charge of a humanitarian program to aid Iraq.
    (SFC, 3/21/03, p.W14)
2003        Mar 20-2003 Apr 9, At least 1,700 Iraqi civilians were killed and over 8,000 injured in the battle for Baghdad.
    (SSFC, 5/18/03, p.A1)

2003        Mar 21, In the 3rd day of Operation Iraqi Freedom the "shock and awe" air campaign began. 2 days of US air attacks killed 4 civilians in Baghdad and left some 242 injured.
    (SSFC, 3/23/03, p.W10)(SSFC, 3/30/03, p.W12)
2003        Mar 21, A CH-46 Sea Knight helicopter crashed in Kuwait and killed 12 British and 4 US soldiers. US Marines captured the strategic port in the southern Iraqi city of Umm Qasr.
    (AP, 3/21/03)

2003        Mar 22, In the 4th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom intermittent explosions were heard throughout the day in Baghdad and by late afternoon at least 12 huge columns of smoke could be seen rising from all along the southern horizon of the city. US and British forces reached half way to Baghdad and British forces were left surrounding Basra.
    (AP, 3/22/03)(SSFC, 3/23/03, p.W1)
2003        Mar 22, A 4-man ITN TV crew drove into a war zone near Az Zubayr, Iraq, and reporter Terry Lloyd (50) was killed. 2 men went missing and one escaped.
    (WSJ, 5/2/03, p.A1)

2003        Mar 23, In the 5th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom US-led warplanes and helicopters attacked Republican Guard units defending Baghdad while ground troops advanced to within 50 miles of the Iraqi capital. Pres. Bush put a $75 billion price tag on a down payment for the war. The 507th Maintenance Company was ambushed after it made a wrong turn into Nasiriya; 11 soldiers were killed, seven were captured, including Pfc. Jessica Lynch. Lori Piestewa (23) was killed, with the gruesome distinction of being the first native American in the US army to be killed in combat. Lynch was rescued on April 1, 2003.
    (AP, 3/24/03)(SFC, 4/14/03, p.A1)(www.nativeweb.org/weblog/piestewa/)(AP, 3/23/08)
2003        Mar 23, Iraqi state television showed two men said to have been the US crew of an Apache helicopter forced down during heavy fighting in central Iraq. Iraqi forces captured at least 5 soldiers of an Army maintenance company. US Central Command reported 12 missing. About 20 Americans were captured or killed at Nasiriyah.
    (AP, 3/24/03)(SFC, 3/24/03, p.W1)(WSJ, 3/24/03, p.A1)
2003        Mar 23, A US bomb struck a bus at a service area in al-Rutba, Iraq, enroute from Baghdad to Syria. 5 people were killed.
    (SFC, 3/25/03, p.W7)
2003        Mar 23, A British Royal Air Force Tornado jet was shot down by a U.S. Patriot missile in the first reported incident of "friendly" fire in Iraq.
    (AP, 3/23/03)
2003        Mar 23, Arab nations called for an emergency Security Council meeting to demand an end to the US-led war against Iraq and the withdrawal of all invading forces.
    (AP, 3/24/03)

2003        Mar 24, Saddam Hussein appeared on Iraqi TV telling his nation that "victory is soon."
    (SFC, 3/24/03, p.W1)
2003        Mar 24, In the 6th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom US forces began strikes against the Medina Division of the Republican Guard guarding Baghdad. Hussein appeared on Iraqi TV as coalition forces held over 3,000 prisoners. 10 Marines were killed in combat around Nasiriya.
    (WSJ, 3/25/03, p.A1)(SSFC, 3/30/03, p.W12)(SSFC, 5/4/03, p.C2)

2003        Mar 25, In the 7th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom US aircraft dropped more than 2,000 precision-guided bombs on Iraq since the war's start. The "smart" bombs were produced for a relatively cheap $20,000 each. Sandstorms slowed coalition movement and air missions. US officials reported 150-200 Iraqi soldiers were killed near Najaf.
    (AP, 3/25/03)(SSFC, 3/30/03, p.W12)(SSFC, 5/4/03, p.C2)
2003        Mar 25, Six satellite jamming devices, which Iraq was using to try to thwart American precision guided weapons, were destroyed in the last 2 nights.
    (AP, 3/25/03)   
2003        Mar 25, Some 150-500 Iraqi fighters were killed in fighting east of Najaf.
    (AP, 3/25/03)(SFC, 3/26/03, p.W1)
2003        Mar 25, Saudi Arabia contacted the United States and Iraq with a peace proposal and was still awaiting a response.
    (AP, 3/25/03)

2003        Mar 26, In the 8th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom Baghdad officials said two cruise missiles hit a residential area, killing 14 people. Iraq said 36 civilians were killed and 215 wounded in US airstrikes on Baghdad. Some 1,000 US paratroopers jumped into northern Iraq as sandstorms eased.
    (AP, 3/26/03)(AP, 3/27/03)(SSFC, 3/30/03, p.W12)

2003        Mar 27, In the 9th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom a British armored unit destroyed 14 Iraqi tanks trying to break out of the besieged city of Basra. A sea-borne relief operation was postponed after discovering Iraqi mines in the shipping channel leading to the recently captured Iraqi port of Umm Qasr. Heavy bombing on Baghdad destroyed a main telephone exchange.
    (AP, 3/27/03)(SFC, 3/28/03, p.W1)
2003        Mar 27, The Bush administration seized $1.62 billion in Iraqi assets already frozen in the US. The money would be used to help rebuild Iraq once Saddam Hussein is ousted.
    (AP, 3/28/03)

2003        Mar 28, In the 10th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom the biggest bombs dropped on Baghdad so far, two 4,700-pound "bunker busters," struck a communications tower. In the south, Iraqi fighters defending the besieged city of Basra fired on hundreds of civilians trying to flee. The British supply ship Sir Galahad docked at the port of Umm Qasr. The Bush administration said fighting might not be over for months. At least 58 people were killed in a crowded market in northwest Baghdad by what local officials called a coalition bombing. A US pilot was heard saying "I'm going to be sick," then "we're in jail, dude," after firing on the British convoy in the southern Iraqi city of Basra. Lance Corporal of Horse Matty Hull was killed by American pilots.
    (AP, 3/28/03)(SFC, 3/29/03, p.W1)(AP, 2/6/07)(Econ, 2/10/07, p.58)

2003        Mar 29, In the 11th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom a suicide bomber driving a taxi killed four American soldiers at a checkpoint near Najaf, Iraq. US jets destroyed a building in Basra where paramilitary fighters were meeting and 200 were reported killed.
    (AP, 3/29/03)(SSFC, 5/4/03, p.C3)
2003        Mar 29, A low-flying Iraqi missile avoided the detection of US defense systems and landed just off the coast of Kuwait City, shattering windows at the seaside Souq Sharq shopping mall.
    (AP, 3/29/03)(SFC, 3/29/03, p.W5)

2003        Mar 30, In the 12th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom an Iraqi general, captured by British forces in southern Iraq, was pressed to provide information. A British TV correspondent covering the war in Iraq died after apparently falling from a hotel roof.
    (AP, 3/30/03)

2003        Mar 31, In the 13th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom US-led troops fought pitched battles with Saddam Hussein's Republican Guard within 50 miles of the capital. B-1, B-2 and B-52 bombers struck communication and command centers in Baghdad, and cruise missiles set Iraq's Information Ministry ablaze. Casualties from the war to date US total: 40 dead, 7 captured, 18 missing; British total: 25 dead. Of 8,000 precision bombs dropped since the war began, 3,000 fell in the last 3 days. Port operations at Umm Qasr looked to be delayed for weeks.
    (AP, 3/31/03)(WSJ, 4/1/03, p.A1)
2003        Mar 31, US troops between Karbala and Najaf shot and killed 10 Iraqi civilians including women and children, when the driver of a van failed to stop at a checkpoint. The Pentagon reported 7 killed.
    (AP, 4/1/03)(SFC, 4/1/03, p.A1)
2003        Mar 31, NBC said it severed its relations with reporter Peter Arnett after he told Iraqi television that the US war plan against Saddam Hussein had failed. Arnett was quickly hired by London’s Daily Mirror.
    (AP, 3/31/03)(WSJ, 4/1/03, p.B1)

2003        Mar, In 2007 British media reported that Iran had offered to cut off aid and support for the Lebanese Shiite militia Hezbollah and the Palestinian group Hamas, and promised full transparency on its nuclear program in a secret letter to the US soon after the 2003 invasion of Iraq. Iran also offered to use its influence to support stabilization in Iraq, and in return asked for a halt in hostile American behaviour, an abolition of all sanctions, and the pursuit and repatriation of members of the Mujahedeen Khalq (People's Mujahedeen MKO). Lawrence Wilkerson, former chief of staff to Colin Powell, said: “As soon as it got to the Vice-President's (Dick Cheney) office, the old mantra of 'we don't talk to evil' ... reasserted itself."
    (AFP, 1/18/07)
2003        Mar-Apr, US warplanes dropped firebombs similar to napalm on Iraqi troops to clear the way for troops headed to Baghdad.
    (SFC, 8/6/03, p.A3)

2003        Apr 1, In the 14th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom American soldiers on the road to Baghdad fought bloody street-to-street battles with militants loyal to Saddam Hussein. The US opened the assault on Karbala. US cluster bombs reportedly killed 11 civilians in Hilla.
    (AP, 4/1/03)(WSJ, 4/2/03, p.A1)(SFC, 4/3/03, p.W1)
2003        Apr 1, Pfc. Jessica Lynch (19), part of the 507th Maintenance Company captured on Mar 23, was rescued in a U.S. commando raid on an Iraqi hospital in Nasiriyah. 11 bodies were also recovered and 8 were identified as US personnel. It was later reported that Iraqi troops had already left the hospital. Later in the year Rick Bragg authored "I Am A Soldier, Too," an account of the Lynch story. About the same time Mohammed Odeh al-Rehaief and Jeff Coplon authored "Because Each Life Is Precious." Rehaief, a former Iraqi lawyer, disclosed Lynch's location to US forces and provided detailed information prior to her rescue.
    (AP, 4/2/03)(SFC, 5/29/03, p.A3)(WSJ, 11/14/03, p.W8-9)

2003        Apr 2, In the 15th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom American forces crossed the Tigris River in the drive toward the Iraqi capital and destroyed the Baghdad Division of Iraq's Republican Guard. Gen. Richard Myers, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, supported the war plan along with Defense Sec. Donald Rumsfeld against criticism. US Marines took Numaniya, a city of 80,000. American forces fought their way to within sight of the Baghdad skyline; Iraqi soldiers discarded their military uniforms by the roadside to hide their identity. 
    (SFC, 4/2/03, p.A1)(SFC, 4/4/03, p.W1)(AP, 4/2/08)
2003        Apr 2, Saddam Hussein declared that "victory is at hand," and issued a new statement urging Iraqis to fight on and defend their towns according to a broadcast on Iraqi satellite television.
    (AP, 4/2/03)
2003        Apr 2, In Iraq a US B-52 bomber dropped 2 new CBU-105 bombs, made by Textron Defense Systems, on the first 30 vehicles of an Iraqi armored convoy approaching a small American reconnaissance unit. The bombs each released 10 submunitions, each of which ejected 4 disks that used infra-red scanners to locate the vehicles. Soldiers in the remaining 70 vehicles surrendered immediately.
    (Econ, 1/30/10, p.88)
2003        Apr 2, A Navy F/A-18C Hornet after his fighter jet went down during a bombing run over Karbala. In 2004 it was reported that the jet was shot down by an Army Patriot missile. 7 US Army soldiers were killed when their Black Hawk helicopter was shot down.
    (AP, 4/3/03)(SFC, 4/3/03, p.A1)(SFC, 12/11/04, p.A12)
2003        Apr 2, Polish troops fighting with the US-led coalition in Iraq reported encountering many Iraqi combatants in civilian clothes.
    (AP, 4/2/03)

2003        Apr 3, In the 16th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom US Marines and infantry moved with surprising speed toward Baghdad. Central Command said there was "increasing evidence" that Saddam Hussein's regime had lost control of its fighting forces. US troop casualty totaled: 51 dead, 16 missing and 7 captured. A power blackout in Baghdad coincided with heavy artillery fire. US forces attacked Saddam Int'l. Airport.
    (AP, 4/3/03)(SFC, 4/4/03, p.W1)(SSFC, 5/4/03, p.C3)
2003        Apr 3, A car exploded at a US checkpoint in western Iraq, killing 3 coalition soldiers, a pregnant woman and the car's driver. Banditry and plundering were reported across the countryside. Atlantic magazine editor Michael Kelly (46), became the first American journalist to be killed while covering the war when his Army Humvee came under fire and rolled into a canal.
    (WSJ, 4/3/03, p.A1)(AP, 4/4/03)(AP, 4/3/08)

2003        Apr 4, On the 17th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom thousands of Iraqis fled Baghdad as US forces seized the international airport to the west and armored convoys pressed in from the south. Army Sgt. 1st Class Paul Ray Smith was killed in the battle. In 2005 Pres. Bush awarded him the 1st US Medal of Honor of the Iraq campaign. A Marine unit found concentrations of cyanide and mustard-gas agents in the Euphrates River near Nasiriyah.
    (AP, 4/4/03)(SFC, 4/5/05, p.A3)(WSJ, 4/7/03, p.A7)
2003        Apr 4, Peter Arnett, fired by NBC earlier this week for giving an interview to state-run Iraqi television, began reporting for pan-Arab satellite channel Al-Arabiya. Atlantic Monthly journalist Michael Kelley was killed in a humvee accident near Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/5/03)(SSFC, 5/4/03, p.C3)

2003        Apr 5, In the 18th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom US 3rd Infantry troops entered Baghdad for the first time. Coalition troops took several objectives surrounding the capital in the north and northwest. US warplanes hit Iraqi positions near the commercial center of Mosul. Up to 3,000 Iraqi fighters were killed as American armored vehicles moved into Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/5/03)(AP, 4/6/03)(SSFC, 4/6/03, p.A1)
2003        Apr 5, Ali Hassan al-Majid (king of spades), Saddam Hussein’s 1st cousin and dubbed "Chemical Ali" by opponents for ordering a 1988 poison gas attack that killed thousands of Kurds, was reported killed by an airstrike on his house in Basra. Majid was captured in August.
    (AP, 4/7/03)(SFC, 4/26/03, A14)(AP, 8/21/03)

2003        Apr 6, In the 19th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom 18 Kurdish fighters were killed and 45 wounded in northern Iraq when a US warplane mistakenly bombed a convoy. The 1st US transport plane landed at Baghdad Airport. US forces near Baghdad reportedly found a weapons cache of around 20 medium-range Rockets, BM-21 missiles, equipped with sarin and mustard gas and "ready to fire." David Bloom (39), NBC correspondent, died of a pulmonary embolism south of Baghdad. Ahmed Chalabi, Iraqi exile leader, was airlifted by the US along with 700 "freedom fighters" to southern Iraq to join coalition troops and form the nucleus of a new national army.
    (AP, 4/6/03)(SFC, 4/7/03, p.A1)(WSJ, 4/7/03, p.A1)(WSJ, 4/8/03, p.A10)(AP, 4/6/08)
2003        Apr 6, The Int'l Committee of the Red Cross said the number of casualties in Baghdad was so high that hospitals have stopped counting the number of people treated. A convoy of Russian diplomats, including the ambassador, came under fire as the group was evacuating Baghdad. British forces made their deepest push into Basra, Iraq's second-largest city.
    (AP, 4/6/03)(AP, 4/6/08)

2003        Apr 7, In the 20th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom US forces in tanks and armored vehicles stormed into the center of Baghdad, seizing Saddam Hussein's Sijood and Republican palaces. As many as 5 marines were killed. Many Iraqis died in constant suicidal attacks. It was later speculated that the US and the Baath regime arranged a secret deal (safqua) to hand over Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/7/03)(SFC, 4/7/03, p.A1)(WSJ, 4/8/03, p.A1)(SSFC, 4/20/03, p.D3)
2003        Apr 7, A US warplane dropped 4 precision-guided 2,000-pound JDAMs and left a smoking crater 60 feet deep in the upscale al-Mansour section of western Baghdad, where Saddam Hussein was believed to have been in a meeting with top officials.
    (AP, 4/8/03)(SFC, 4/8/03, p.A1)
2003        Apr 7, Capt. Harry Alexander Hornbuckle on the road to Baghdad led 80 US soldiers against 300 Iraqi and Syrian fighters. 200 enemy were killed with no US casualties.
    (WSJ, 11/11/03, p.A1)
2003        Apr 7, Ahmad Chalabi, head of the exiled Iraqi National Congress, returned to Iraq.
    (SSFC, 5/4/03, p.C3)

2003        Apr 8, In the 21st day of Operation Iraqi Freedom George W. Bush and Tony Blair met in Northern Ireland and endorsed a "vital role" for the United Nations when fighting ends in Iraq.
    (AP, 4/8/03)
2003        Apr 8, In Iraq 2 cameramen and one other journalist were killed and at least 3 others wounded when an American tank hit the Hotel Palestine where they were staying. An Al-Jazeera journalist was killed by US fire. In 2005 a Spanish judge issued an arrest warrant for the 3-member US tank crew, for the death of Jose Couso, who worked for the Spanish television network Telecinco. Khalid Ibrahim Sa'id, Iraqi physicist, was killed in Baghdad by a US tank crew as he rode in a car to check on his home. British forces began establishing the first post-war administration, putting a local sheik into power in the southern city of Basra. Looting erupted shortly after their troops took control of the city. A US warplane was shot down near Baghdad. US forces seized Rasheed military airport.
    (AP, 4/8/03)(AP, 4/9/03)(SFC, 4/9/03, p.A1)(AP, 10/19/05)(SSFC, 11/9/03, p.A14)(SSFC, 5/4/03, p.C3)(SSFC, 3/6/11, p.F6)
2003        Apr 8, A US errant rocket struck in Iran near the Iraqi border and killed a 13-year-old boy.
    (SFC, 4/9/03, p.A21)

2003        Apr 9, In the 22nd day of Operation Iraqi Freedom US commanders declared Saddam Hussein's rule over Baghdad over and jubilant crowds swarmed into the streets here, dancing, looting, cheering and bringing down images of the Iraqi leader. No more than 150 Iraqis gathered in Farbus Square to watch American Marines, not Iraqis, pull down a statue of Hussein.
    (AP, 4/9/03)(SFC, 4/10/03, p.A1)(AP, 4/16/03)

2003        Apr 10, In the 23rd day of Operation Iraqi Freedom US and Kurdish troops seized oil-rich Kirkuk without a fight and held a second city within their grasp as opposition forces crumbled in northern Iraq. Looting in Baghdad prompted orders for US Marines to crack down on thieves. Over 40 suicide vests were found in a Baghdad school. Looting in Kirkuk stripped the North Oil Co. facilities and pumping of 850,000 barrels a day ceased.
    (AP, 4/10/03)(SFC, 4/11/03, p.A1)(SSFC, 4/13/03, p.W8)(SSFC, 4/20/03, p.A3)
2003        Apr 10, In Najaf clerics Haider al-Kadar, a widely hated loyalist of Saddam, and Abdul Majid al-Khoei, a high-ranking Shiite cleric and son of one of the religion's most prominent spiritual leaders, were hacked to death at the shrine of Imam Ali by a crowd during a meeting of reconciliation. Majid al-Khoei had been give as much as $13 million by the CIA to cultivate supporters.
    (AP, 4/10/03)(SFC, 5/2/03, p.A14)

2003        Apr 11, In the 24th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom the northern city of Mosul fell into US and Kurdish hands after an entire corps of the Iraqi army surrendered. The Pentagon said no major military forces remain in the country. Defense Sec. Rumsfeld called Iraqi looting and chaos a natural "untidiness" that accompanies the transition from tyranny to freedom. The US military issued a most-wanted list in the form of a deck of 55 cards.
    (AP, 4/11/03)(SFC, 4/12/03, p.A10)(SSFC, 5/4/03, p.C3)

2003        Apr 12, In the 25th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom US officials said 1,200 police and judicial officers will go to Iraq to help restore order. In western Iraq, US forces stopped a busload of men who had $630,000 in cash and a letter offering rewards for killing American soldiers. Baghdad Museum lost some 50,000 artifacts after 48 hours of looting. Unesco later reported 150,000 items lost with a combined value in the billions. It was later reported that losses were minimal and that curators had put away most valuables into vaults before the war began.
    (AP, 4/12/03)(SSFC, 4/13/03, p.W1)(WSJ, 4/16/03, p.B1)(WSJ, 6/12/03, p.D8)
2003        Apr 12, Lt. Gen. Amer al-Saadi (7 of diamonds), Saddam Hussein's science adviser, surrendered to US military authorities. He insisted Iraq had no weapons of mass destruction and that the invasion was unjustified.
    (AP, 4/12/03)

2003        Apr 13, In the 26th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom US troops pushed into Tikrit. Army engineers worked to help restore electricity in Baghdad. US-led forces announced the capture of Watban Ibrahim Hasan, a half-brother of and adviser to Saddam Hussein. After three weeks of captivity, seven US POW's, including Army Specialist Shoshana Johnson, were released by Iraqi troops near Tikrit, Iraq.
    (AP, 4/13/03)

2003        Apr 14, In the 27th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom US troops poured into Saddam Hussein's hometown of Tikrit and fought pockets of hard-core defenders. Iraqis and US troops began jointly patrolling the streets of Baghdad to quell the lawlessness. US commandos in Baghdad captured Abul Abbas, the leader of the violent Palestinian group that killed an American on the hijacked cruise liner Achille Lauro in 1985. Abbas died in 2004 while in US custody.
    (AP, 4/14/03)(AP, 4/15/03)(AP, 4/14/04)

2003        Apr 15, US forces about this time cut off oil flow from Iraq to Syria. Oil flow had reached 130,000 barrels a day providing both countries over $10 million a month in profits.
    (SFC, 4/11/03, p.A18)
2003        Apr 15, In the 28th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom selected Iraqi leaders met with retired US Lt. Gen. Jay Garner to shape a new government with 13 goals, the 1st being "Iraq must be democratic." Secretary of State Colin Powell said the United States has no plans to go to war with Syria. Looters and arsonists ransacked and gutted Iraq's National Library and the principal Islamic library. Marines came under fire while seizing an airstrip on the outskirts of Tikrit. 7 Iraqis died when American troops opened fire to keep an angry crowd from storming a government complex in Mosul. US troops in Baghdad arrested Abul Abbas, head of the Palestinian terrorist group that attacked the Italian cruise ship Achille Lauro in 1985.
    (AP, 4/15/03)(SFC, 4/16/03, p.A1, A16)(AP, 4/15/04)(SSFC, 5/4/03, p.C3)
2003        Apr 15, US forces signed a cease-fire agreement with the People's Mujahedeen (Mujahedeen Khalq), a designated terrorist organization. The Iranian group had an estimated 10,000 members and was led by a woman.
    (SFC, 4/29/03, A10)

2003        Apr 16, In the 29th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom shooting in Mosul killed three people and wounded at least 11 and some Iraqis blamed US troops. War casualties totaled 121 US soldiers with 16 from friendly fire; 31 British troops with at least 4 from friendly fire; at least 3,160 Iraqi soldiers dead along with over 1,250 Iraqi civilians.
    (AP, 4/16/03)(WSJ, 4/16/03, p.A8)

2003        Apr 17, In the 30th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom American forces released more than 900 Iraqi prisoners, beginning the process of sorting through the thousands detained in the war. Coalition forces still held 6,850 prisoners. The Bush administration planned to send in a 1,000-man team to search for weapons of mass destruction. US Special Forces captured Barzan Ibrahim Hasan al-Tikriti (5 of clubs), a half brother of Saddam Hussein. He was 3rd the list of 55 former Iraqi officials wanted by the US. The US Mobile Exploitation Team Alpha (MET Alpha) found an Iraqi scientist who led them to sites that contained precursors for a banned toxic agent. A riot broke out at a Baghdad bank after thieves blew a hole in the vault and dropped children in to bring out fistfuls of cash. US troops calmed the situation by arresting the thieves and removed $4 million in US dollars for safekeeping.
    (AP, 4/17/03)(AP, 4/18/03)(WSJ, 4/17/03, p.A3)(SFC, 4/18/03, p.A12)(SFC, 4/21/03, p.A1)
2003        Apr 17, Bechtel was awarded a contract for up to $680 million to rebuild Iraqi infrastructure.
    (SFC, 4/18/03, p.A1)

2003        Apr 18, Iraqi opposition leader Ahmad Chalabi said he expects an Iraqi interim authority to take over most government functions from the US military in "a matter of weeks rather than months." Protesters marched in Baghdad denouncing US presence. Kurds were reported expelling Arab families from towns and villages where they had lived decades ago. Samir Abd al-Aziz al-Najim (4 of clubs), a senior leader of the shattered Baath party, was handed over to US forces overnight by Iraqi Kurds near the northern city of Mosul. Iraqi police captured Hikmat Ibrahim al-Azzawi (8 of diamonds), a deputy prime minister and number 45 on an American list of the 55 most wanted Iraqis. US troops in Baghdad uncovered numerous boxes of UC currency estimated at $650 million. Videotape was shot by a Minnesota television crew traveling with US troops in Iraq when they first opened the bunkers at the Al-Qaqaa munitions base nine days after the fall of Saddam Hussein. The tape shows what appears to be high explosives still in barrels and bearing the markings of the International Atomic Energy Agency.
    (AP, 4/18/03)(SFC, 4/19/03, p.A1,A10)(AP, 10/29/04)

2003        Apr 19, US forces captured Abd al-Khaliq Abd al-Ghafar (4 of hearts), Saddam's scientific research minister.
    (AP, 4/21/03)

2003        Apr 20, It was reported that the US planned a long-term military relationship with the emerging government in Iraq to include access to military bases in the region. US Army forces took control of Baghdad from the Marines in a changing of the guard that thinned the military presence in the capital. Celebrating Easter, the Reverend Emmanuel Delly, a longtime Iraqi bishop, pleaded for safeguards against the persecution of Christians in the new Iraq.
    (SSFC, 4/20/03, p.A3)(AP, 4/20/04)

2003        Apr 21, The Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA) was established as the temporary governing body of Iraq. Retired Lt. Gen. Jay Garner, Pres. Bush’s appointed post-war administrator, arrived in Baghdad. His priority was to restore basic services such as water and electricity.
    (AP, 4/21/03)(WSJ, 4/19/04, p.A14)
2003        Apr 21, Muhammad Hamza al-Zubaydi (queen of spades), was captured by the Iraqi opposition. He was known as Saddam's "Shiite Thug" for his role in Iraq's bloody suppression of the Shiite Muslim uprising of 1991.
    (AP, 4/22/03)(SFC, 4/26/03, A14)

2003        Apr 22 American soldiers in Baghdad found $112 million sealed inside 7 animal kennels.
    (SFC, 4/23/03, A12)
2003        Apr 22, Hundreds of thousands of Shiite pilgrims marched to the holy shrine in Karbala, where Hussein, the grandson of Muhammad, was killed in the 7th century Battle of Karbala between a small group of his followers and the Umayyad Army.
    (AP, 4/22/03)
2003        Apr 22, France proposed that the UN suspend economic sanctions against Iraq, but continue to operate the oil-for-food program.
    (SFC, 4/23/03, A8)

2003        Apr 23, US forces captured 4 more former Iraqi government officials, including 3 on the top wanted list: Muzahim Sa'b Hassan al-Tikriti (queen of diamonds), Gen. Zuhayr Talib Abd al-Sattar al-Naqib (7 of hearts), and Muhammad Mahdi al-Salih (6 of hearts).
    (SFC, 4/24/03, A14)(SFC, 4/26/03, A14)

2003        Apr 24, Tariq Aziz (8 of spades), Iraqi deputy prime minister, surrendered to US forces.
    (AP, 4/25/03)(SFC, 4/25/03, A1)

2003        Apr 25, Farouk Hijazi, who once helped run Saddam Hussein's intelligence service and was linked to al-Qaida, was delivered by Syria to US forces.
    (AP, 4/25/03)(SFC, 4/26/03, A1)

2003        Apr 26, In Iraq attackers fired into an ammunition dump guarded by Americans on Baghdad's southeastern outskirts, setting off thunderous explosions that killed at least six Iraqis and wounded four. As many as 40 were thought killed.
    (AP, 4/26/03)(SSFC, 4/27/03, A18)

2003        Apr 27, In Iraq Lt. Gen. Hossam Mohammed Amin al-Yasin (6 of clubs), chief Iraqi liaison with UN weapons inspectors, surrendered to US forces. The US military arrested the self-anointed mayor of Baghdad, Mohammed Mohsen al-Zubaidi, reflecting US determination to brook no interlopers in its effort to build a consensus for administering Iraq.
    (AP, 4/28/03)(AP, 4/27/04)

2003        Apr 28, On Saddam Hussein's 66th birthday, some 300 prominent Iraqis met in Baghdad under US direction to convene a national conference to create an interim government.
    (SFC, 4/29/03, A1)(AP, 4/28/04)
2003        Apr 28, US soldiers opened fire on Iraqis at a nighttime demonstration against the American presence here after people shot at them with automatic rifles. The director of the local hospital said 13 people were killed and 75 injured. Amer Mohammed Rashid (6 of spades), known to UN weapons inspectors as the "Missile Man" and ranked 47th on the US most-wanted list of 55 members of Saddam's inner circle, surrendered.
    (AP, 4/29/03)

2003        Apr 30, Donald Rumsfeld visited Iraq and hailed its liberation. US soldiers fired on anti-American protesters in the city of Fallujah; the mayor said two people were killed and 14 wounded.
    (AP, 4/30/03)(SFC, 5/1/03, A1)

2003        Apr, Ali Shahin Brisam, general director of irrigation for Nasiriya, ordered the demolition of one dam and opened regulators in others to return water to the dried marshlands of southern Iraq. After 8 months marsh recovery jumped from about 7% of their original size to about 16%.
    (SSFC, 12/28/03, p.A6)
2003        Apr, Officials at the Iraqi Embassy in Prague handed over weapons to Czech authorities. Iraqi spies had used a diplomatic vehicle to smuggle in the weapons for an attack on Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. The weapons included an RPG-7 anti-tank missile, six machine guns and ammunition.
    (AP, 11/30/09)

2003        May 1, Pres. Bush, standing on a Navy aircraft carrier in San Diego, announced that "major combat operations in Iraq have ended."
    (SFC, 5/2/03, p.A1)(SSFC, 4/11/04, p.A22)
2003        May 1, Three top members of Saddam Hussein's ousted regime: Mizban Khadr Hadi (military commander),  Abdel Tawab Mullah Huweish (director of the Office of Military Industrialization and a deputy prime minister in charge of arms procurement), and Taha Muhie-eldin Marouf (a Kurd who served as one of two ceremonial vice presidents), were captured.
    (AP, 5/2/03)

2003        May 3, The US picked a new head of Iraq's Health Ministry on Saturday, a Baath Party member, whose appointment was so critical that US officials designated the announcement "Public Notice No. 1."
    (AP, 5/4/03)
2003        May 3, In Baghdad, Iraq, schools re-opened for the 1st time since the start of war.
    (SSFC, 5/4/03, p.A11)

2003        May 4, Huda Salih Mahdi Ammash (49), a top biological weapons scientist and among the top 55 most wanted members of Saddam Hussein's fallen regime, was taken into custody.
    (AP, 5/5/03)

2003        May 6, Ghazi Hammud, Baath regional chairman in the Kut district, was put in custody. He is No. 32 on Central Command's list of the 55 most-wanted members of Saddam's regime.
    (AP, 5/7/03)

2003        May 9, The US and its allies asked the UN Security Council to legitimize their occupation of Iraq and sought permission to use revenue from the world's second-largest oil reserves to rebuild the war-battered country.
    (AP, 5/9/03)
2003        May 9, In northern Iraq 3 U.S. soldiers were killed when their helicopter crashed into the Tigris River.
    (AP, 5/9/03)

2003        May 10, The leader of Iraq's largest Shiite Muslim group, Ayatollah Mohammad Baqir al-Hakim, returned triumphantly to his U.S.-occupied homeland after two decades in Iranian exile.
    (AP, 5/10/04)

2003        May 12, L. Paul Bremer, the new American civilian administrator, took over the task of piecing Iraq together. He replaced retired Army Lt. Gen. Jay Garner. In 2006 Bremmer with Malcolm McConnell authored “My Year in Iraq."
    (AP, 5/12/03)(WSJ, 1/13/06, p.P10)
2003        May 12, US officials said Rihab Rashid Taha, called "Dr. Germ" for her work with germ warfare agents, was reported to be in coalition custody. Ibrahim Ahmad Abd al Sattar Muhammad, No. 11 on the most-wanted list, was also reported in custody.
    (USAT, 5/13/03, p.11A)

2003        May 13, L. Paul Bremer, the new US administrator in Iraq, reportedly authorized troops to shoot looters on sight. Rumsfeld said muscle would be used to stop looting.
    (SFC, 5/14/03, p.A3)(WSJ, 5/15/03, p.A1)

2003        May 14, In Iraq villagers pulled body after body from a mass grave in Mahaweel, exhuming the remains of up to 3,000 people they suspect were killed during the 1991 Shiite revolt against Saddam Hussein's regime.
    (AP, 5/14/03)
2003        May 14, A Belgian attorney filed suit against US Gen. Tommy Franks and Col. Brian P. McCoy for war crimes in the war in Iraq. The use of some 1,500 cluster bombs in Iraq was part of the suit.
    (SFC, 5/15/03, p.A6)

2003        May 15, The Development Fund for Iraq was established to fund reconstruction projects with Iraqi oil revenue.
    (WSJ, 10/28/03, p.A4)
2003        May 15, US Army forces stormed into a village near the northern city of Tikrit before dawn, seizing more than 260 prisoners, including one man on the most-wanted list of former Iraqi officials.
    (AP, 5/15/03)

2003        May 17, In Iraq US forces arrested Kamal Mustafa Abdallah Sultan al-Tikriti, former secretary of the Republican Guard (listed as No. 10 and the queen of clubs). Univ. students and teachers returned to their campuses.
    (SSFC, 5/18/03, p.A12)

2003        May 18, In Kirkuk, Iraq, a weekend of Arab-Kurdish violence left at least 11 people dead and a U.S. soldier wounded.
    (AP, 5/20/03)

2003        May 19, In central Iraq 4 US Marines on a resupply mission were killed when their Ch-46 Sea-Knight helicopter crashed into a canal and a fifth drowned trying to save them.
    (AP, 5/20/03)

2003        May 21, In Iraq US forces captured Aziz Saleh Numan, former Baath regional command chairman for west Baghdad. He was No. 8 on the most wanted list.
    (SFC, 5/23/03, p.A20)
2003        May 21, NATO's 19 nations agreed unanimously to start planning to help Poland lead a multinational peacekeeping force in Iraq.
    (AP, 5/21/03)

2003        May 22, The UN Security Council overwhelmingly approved an end to 13-year-old sanctions against Iraq and gave the United States and Britain extraordinary powers to run the country and its lucrative oil industry. Security Council Resolution 1483 identified the US and Britain as “occupying powers" in Iraq.
    (AP, 5/22/03)(Econ, 4/19/08, p.102)

2003        May 23, US defense officials reported that American troops had confiscated gold bars valued at $34 million from a truck in northern Iraq.
    (AP, 5/23/03)

2003        May 24, Coalition forces captured two more wanted Iraqis: Sayf al-Din al-Mashadani, No. 46 on the list and Sad Abd al-Majid al-Faysal, No. 55. The US-led coalition ordered Iraqis to give up their weapons by mid-June.
    (AP, 5/27/03)(AP, 5/24/04)

2003        May 27, In Iraq a US weapons-inspection team arrived at Al Qaqaa weapons site and found that the IAEA seals were broken and the high explosives missing. Two Iraqis shot and killed two American soldiers in Fallujah, a hotbed of support for Saddam Hussein.
    (WSJ, 10/27/04, p.A3)(AP, 5/27/08)

2003        May 29, US forces in Iraq numbered some 200,000. An extended stay was expected.
    (SFC, 5/29/03, p.A12)

2003        May 31, American forces arrested 15 members of Saddam Hussein's banned Baath Party as they met at a police college in Baghdad.
    (AP, 5/31/03)

2003        May, Alleged British mistreatment of Iraqi prisoners took place at an aid camp near Basra, Iraq. Photographs of prisoner abuse were made public in 2004. In 2005 court martial proceedings began. In 2006 3 British soldiers were cleared of manslaughter charges in the death of Ahmad Jabbar Kareem (15), who drowned in the Shatt al-Basra canal in Basra.
    (Econ, 1/22/05, p.51)(AP, 6/6/06)
2003        May, In Iraq a Jewish archive was found when US troops looking for weapons of mass destruction got a tip to check out the basement of a building of the Mukhabarat, Saddam's secret police. In a flooded basement they found books, photos and papers floated in the murky water. Accumulated over the years were photos, parchments and cases to hold Torah scrolls; a Jewish religious book published in 1568; 50 copies of a children's primer in Hebrew and Arabic; books in Arabic and English, books printed in Baghdad, Warsaw and Venice, the lost heritage of what was once one of the largest Jewish communities in the Middle East, dating to the 6th century B.C. The collection was saved and soon taken to the US for preservation.
    (AP, 1/17/10)

2003        Jun 2, Thousands of sacked Iraqi soldiers marched on the U.S.-led administration and threatened to launch suicide attacks on American troops in Baghdad unless they were paid wages and compensation.
    (AP, 6/2/03)

2003        Jun 6, An Iraqi prisoner (52) of war was found dead at a camp run by the 1st Marine Division near Nasiriyah. On Oct 8 Marine reservists stationed at Camp Pendleton were charged in connection with his death.
    (AP, 10/18/03)

2003        Jun 10, An AP tally of civilian deaths in Iraq totaled at least 3,240, with 1,896 dead in Baghdad. Allied deaths were 205 from Mar 20-Apr 20.
    (WSJ, 6/11/03, p.A1)(SFC, 6/11/03, p.A3)
2003        Jun 10, In Iraq US forces launched Operation Peninsula Strike aimed at rounding up Hussein loyalists around Thuluya, 45 miles north of Baghdad.
    (SFC, 6/12/03, p.A7)

2003        Jun 11, The US military launched a massive operation to crush opposition north of Baghdad and captured nearly 400 suspected Saddam Hussein loyalists in a bid to end daily attacks against American soldiers.
    (AP, 6/11/03)

2003        Jun 12, A US helicopter gunship was shot down in western Iraq, just hours after US fighter jets bombed "a terrorist training camp" in central Iraq. US troops stormed through Sunni Muslim towns, seeking Saddam Hussein loyalists in one of the biggest American military assaults since the war began.
    (AP, 6/12/03)(AP, 6/12/08)

2003        Jun 13, US forces killed 27 Iraqi fighters in a ground and air pursuit after the Iraqis attacked an American tank patrol north of Baghdad, bringing the opposition death toll in four days of skirmishes to about 100.
    (AP, 6/13/03)
2003        Jun 13, Five Iraqi civilians were shot by American troops who apparently mistook them for militants fleeing after attacking a U.S. tank patrol.
    (AP, 6/14/03)

2003        Jun 15, With a deadline passed for Iraqis to hand in heavy weapons, U.S. forces fanned out across Iraq to seize arms and put down potential foes.
    (AP, 6/15/04)

2003        Jun 16, Abid Hamid Mahmud al-Tikriti, No. 4 on the wanted list, surrendered at a private home in Tikrit following informants' tips. Nearby US soldiers found two boxes, each counting $4 million in bundled hundred-dollar bills, along with hundreds of pieces of jewelry, a sniper rifle and two pounds of plastic explosive.
    (AP, 6/19/03)(SFC, 6/19/03, p.A1)

2003        Jun 18, A demonstration by former Iraqi army officers demanding back pay turned violent after an American soldier fired into the crowd. 2 Iraqis were killed. One American was killed in a drive-by shooting in south Baghdad.
    (SFC, 6/19/03, p.A16)

2003        Jun 19, In Iraq The special "Task Force 20" commando team was joined in the convoy operation by an AC-130 gunship and other air support, attacking by ground and air along a known escape and smuggling route near the western city of Qaim.
    (AP, 6/24/03)(SFC, 6/25/03, p.A18)

2003        Jun 22, Iraq returned to world oil markets with its first crude oil exports since the U.S.-led invasion. A fuel pipeline exploded and caught fire west of Baghdad, a possible act of sabotage that sent flames high into the sky.
    (AP, 6/22/03)

2003        Jun 23, The US-led civil administrators announced the creation of a new Iraqi army.
    (AP, 6/23/03)

2003        Jun 24, In Majar al-Kabir, Iraq, British troops in the Shiite south killed 4 Iraqis in a gunbattle. In response a 400-strong Iraqi mob descended on the police station and murdered 6 British troops. 8 suspects were later detained. One was released in 2009 and cases against 5 were dropped in 2010. Two suspects were held for trial. On Oct 10, 2010, a Baghdad court cleared two Iraqi men accused of taking part in the mob slaying.
    (WSJ, 6/25/03, p.A1)(BS, 6/26/03, 12A)(AP, 8/15/10)(AP, 10/10/10)

2003        Jun 29, In Iraq US forces launched a massive operation to crush insurgents and capture senior figures from the ousted regime.
    (AP, 6/29/03)

2003        Jun 30, American troops detained the U.S.-appointed mayor of Najaf, Iraq, accusing him of kidnapping and corruption.
    (AP, 6/30/04)
2003        Jun 30, In Iraq 10 people died in a masque blast in Fallujah. US military later said the blast was due to an accident during a "bomb manufacturing class." US ground commanders said there was no evidence of a bomb factory and residents blamed a US war plane.
    (WSJ, 7/2/03, p.A1)(SFC, 7/2/03, p.A14)(SFC, 7/3/03, p.A10)(SFC, 7/4/03, p.A17)

2003        Jun, Libya announced it was breaking off diplomatic ties with Iraq and closing its embassy shortly after the US-led invasion of the country earlier this year.
    (AFP, 3/23/12)

2003        Jul 1, In Iraq US troops killed 4 people who failed to stop at checkpoints.
    (WSJ, 7/2/03, p.A1)(SFC, 7/2/03, p.A14)

2003        Jul 3, The US government put a $25 million bounty on Saddam Hussein and $15 million on his sons. US troops killed 11 Iraqis who ambushed a convoy outside Baghdad.
    (AP, 7/3/03)(AP, 7/4/03)

2003        Jul 4, US forces raided a Turkish special forces office in northern Iraq and detained 11 soldiers on reports that Turks were plotting to kill the governor of the oil-rich city of Kirkuk.
    (AP, 7/5/03)
2003        Jul 4, A voice purported to be Saddam Hussein's, aired on the Arab television station Al-Jazeera, said he is in Iraq directing attacks on American forces and called on Iraqis to help the resistance against the US-led occupation.
    (AP, 7/4/03)(SFC, 7/5/03, p.A1)

2003        Jul 5, In Ramadi, Iraq, an explosion struck a ceremony for Iraqi policemen graduating from US training, killing at least seven recruits and wounding dozens. In Baghdad a British TV journalist was shot dead near the national museum.
    (AP, 7/5/03)(WSJ, 7/7/03, p.A1)

2003        Jul 8, In Iraq Mizban Khadr Hadi (No. 23), a high-ranking member of the Baath Party regional command and Mahmud Diab al-Ahmed (No. 29), the former interior minister, were taken into custody. The capture of Al-Ahmed was reported in error. He surrendered Aug 8.
    (AP, 7/9/03)(AP, 8/10/03)

2003        Jul 9, It was reported that occupation authorities had eliminated all import taxes in Iraq and accelerated the closure of hundreds of local factories unable to compete with foreign goods. At the same time hundreds of millions of dollars was pumped in as cash payments to government workers. 2 U.S. soldiers were killed and a third wounded in separate attacks on their convoys near Mahmudiyah and Tikrit.
    (SFC, 7/9/03, p.A1)(AP, 7/10/03)
2003        Jul 9, Pres. Bush met with South African President Thabo Mbeki in Pretoria for discussions on AIDS, the war on terror, trade issues and to seek common ground in their attempts to deal with the political and economic crisis in neighboring Zimbabwe. Pleading for patience, President Bush, continuing his Africa tour, said the United States would "have to remain tough" in Iraq despite attacks on U.S. soldiers. Bush said he was "absolutely confident" in his actions despite the discovery that one claim he'd made about Saddam Hussein's weapons pursuits was based on false information.
    (AP, 7/9/03)(SFC, 7/10/03, p.A3)(AP, 7/9/04)(AP, 7/9/08)
2003        Jul 9, US Defense Sec. Rumsfeld increased the estimate of military costs in Iraq to $3.9 billion a month.
    (SFC, 7/9/03, p.A1)

2003        Jul 11, Spain, a leading U.S. ally during the war to oust Saddam Hussein, agreed to send 1,300 soldiers to Iraq.
    (AP, 7/12/03)

2003        Jul 13, In Iraq a 25-member interim Iraqi Governing Council (IGC) of prominent Iraqis from diverse political and religious backgrounds was named at an inaugural meeting, the first national body since the fall of Saddam Hussein. The council abolished a number of old holidays and established April 9, the fall of Baghdad and Saddam's regime, as a new national holiday.
    (AP, 7/13/03)(WSJ, 4/19/04, p.A14)

2003        Jul 14, Iraq's new governing council, in its first full day on the job, voted to send a delegation to the U.N. Security Council and assert its right to represent Baghdad on the world stage.
    (AP, 7/14/04)

2003        Jul 17, The US combat death toll in Iraq hit a milestone as the Pentagon acknowledged its casualties from hostile fire reached 147, the same number of troops who died at enemy hands in the first Gulf War. Gen. John Abizaid, head of central command, said loyalists are fighting an increasingly organized "guerrilla-type campaign."
    (AP, 7/17/03)

2003        Jul 20, American generals said a new Iraqi civil defense force would be created over the next 45 days with some 7,000 militia members.
    (SFC, 7/21/03, p.A1)
2003        Jul 20, Two soldiers from the 101st Airborne Division were killed and another wounded when their convoy came under rocket-propelled grenade and small arms fire in northern Iraq.
    (AP, 7/20/03)

2003        Jul 22, Saddam Hussein's sons Odai and Qusai were killed in a fiery battle at a Mosul mansion. Sheik Nawaf al-Zaydan Muhhamad informed US troops of their presence in his home and became $30 million richer.
    (AP, 7/23/03)(AP, 7/24/03)

2003        Jul 23, A new audiotape, purported to be of toppled dictator Saddam Hussein and dated to Jul 20, was broadcast by an Arab satellite station. It called on former soldiers to rise up against the American occupation.
    (AP, 7/23/03)

2003        Jul 24, In northern Iraq 3 US soldiers died in the 2nd  fatal attack on troops from the 101st Airborne Division since they tracked down and killed Saddam Hussein's sons Uday and Qusai.
    (Reuters, 7/24/03)

2003        Jul 26, In Iraq a grenade attack killed 3 US soldiers and wounded four while they guarded a children's hospital in Baqouba.
    (AP, 7/26/03)

2003        Jul 29, American soldiers in Tikrit overpowered and arrested a bodyguard who rarely left Saddam Hussein's side.
    (AP, 7/29/03)

2003        Jul 30, Iraq's U.S.-picked interim government named its first president: Ibrahim al-Jaafari, a Shiite Muslim from the Daawa party banned by Saddam Hussein.
    (AP, 7/30/04)(WSJ, 4/28/05, p.A1)

2003        Jul, Joseph Wilson, former American ambassador, alleged that Pres. Bush had falsely accused Iraq of trying to buy uranium from Niger. Two White House officials soon called at least 6 Washington journalists and told them that Wilson’s wife, Valerie Plame, was a undercover CIA agent who had worked in Niger.
    (Econ, 8/21/04, p.28)

2003        Aug 3, As of this day 249 U.S. soldiers have died since the beginning of military operations in Iraq.
    (AP, 8/4/03)

2003        Aug 7, In Iraq a car bomb shattered a street outside the walled Jordanian Embassy, killed 19 people — including two children.
    (SFC, 8/9/03, p.A1)(AP, 8/7/08)

2003        Aug 8, Mahmud Dhiyab Al-Ahmad, Saddam Hussein's former interior minister, (No. 29 on the list of 55 most-wanted Iraqis) surrendered to coalition forces.
    (AP, 8/10/03)

2003        Aug 11, British troops restored badly needed electricity to parts of Basra and supervised distribution of gasoline after two days of protests over fuel and power shortages.
    (AP, 8/11/03)

2003        Aug 13, Iraq began pumping crude oil from its northern oil fields for the first time since the start of the war.
    (AP, 8/13/04)
2003        Aug 13, In Iraq British Private Jason Smith (32) died of heat stroke as the local temperature passed the limits of available thermometers. An inquest in 2007 ruled that troops were not adequately advised on how to cope with high temperatures. In 2009 the British Ministry of Defense upheld an earlier judgment that the military had breached Smith’s right to life.
    (Econ, 5/23/09, p.58)(www.operations.mod.uk/telic/smith.htm)

2003        Aug 14, The UN Security Council approved a resolution welcoming the Iraqi Governing Council and created a mission to oversee UN efforts to help rebuild the country and establish a democratic government.
    (AP, 8/14/03)

2003        Aug 15, Saboteurs blew up a major pipeline and stopped all oil flow from Iraq to Turkey, just three days after the pipeline between the two countries was reopened. A following fire raged into the next day. The 600-mile pipeline runs from the northern city of Kirkuk to the Turkish city of Ceyhan.
    (AP, 8/16/03)

2003        Aug 17, Saboteurs blew a hole in a giant Baghdad water main, forcing engineers to cut off water to the capital. Two ferocious blazes raged out of control along the pipeline that exports Iraq's oil to the north.
    (AP, 8/17/03)
2003         Aug 17, Mazen Dana (43), a Palestinian cameraman for Reuters, was shot dead by US troops in Iraq while he filmed outside Abu Ghraib prison in western Baghdad. Soldiers mistook his camera for a rocket-propelled grenade launcher. The official judgment of the US Military, given five weeks later, was that The Rules of Engagement required no warning and the tank crew were justified in shooting Mazen Dana, seeing his TV camera as a rocket-propelled grenade launcher, or RPG. No disciplinary action was taken against any US serviceman. Mazen was the 18th foreign journalist to be killed in Iraq since the occupation by the U.S. Military on March 20, 2003 and the second Reuters cameraman to be killed.
    (Reuters, 8/18/03)(www.truthout.org/docs_2005/030605A.shtml)(http://tinyurl.com/lxu5b)

2003        Aug 19, In Baghdad a car bomb exploded in front of the hotel housing the UN headquarters, collapsing the front of the building. UN Special Representative Sergio Vieira de Mello (55) of Brazil and 22 other people were killed. UNICEF said that its program co-coordinator for Iraq, Canadian Christopher Klein-Beekman, was among the dead. In 2008 Samantha Power authored “Chasing the Flame: Sergio Vieira de Mello and the Fight to Save the World." In 2010 a court sentenced two Iraqis to life in jail for taking part in the bombing and the kidnap of two French journalists a year later.
    (SFC, 8/20/03, p.A12)(AP, 8/21/03)(SSFC, 2/10/08, p.M1)(AFP, 9/22/10)
2003        Aug 19, Taha Yassin Ramadan, a former Iraqi vice president known as "Saddam's knuckles" for his ruthlessness and No. 20 on the US list of most-wanted Iraqis, was turned over to US forces in Mosul.
    (AP, 8/19/03)(SFC, 8/20/03, p.A13)

2003        Aug 21, The US military reported that Ali Hassan al-Majid, No. 5 on the list of most-wanted Iraqis, had been captured. [see Apr 5]
    (AP, 8/21/03)

2003        Aug 23, In Iraq a guerrilla attack killed 3 British soldiers and seriously wounded one in the southern port city of Basra.
    (AP, 8/23/03)(SSFC, 8/24/03, p.A6)

2003        Aug 26, In northern Iraq the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan and the Iraqi Turkmen Front signed an agreement in Kirkuk aimed at preventing ethnic violence after clashes left 11 people dead last week.
    (AP, 8/28/03)
2003        Aug 26, The toll of U.S. troops killed in postwar Iraq surpassed the number killed in major combat, reaching 139.
    (AP, 8/26/03)

2003        Aug 27, In Iraq 2 more US soldiers were killed in combat, and the international relief agency Oxfam said it pulled its foreign staff out of Iraq because of the increasing danger.
    (AP, 8/27/03)

2003        Aug 29, A new Iraq Trade Bank was established to provide letters of credit for big shipments to Iraq.
    (WSJ, 10/28/03, p.A4)
2003        Aug 29, In Najaf, Iraq, a massive car bomb exploded at the Imam Ali mosque during prayers, killing Mohammed Bakir al-Hakim, one of Iraq's most important Shiite clerics, and at least 85 other people. Two Iraqis and two Saudis were caught soon after. Attackers fired rocket-propelled grenades at two U.S. convoys in separate ambushes, killing one American soldier and wounding six.
    (SFC, 9/1/03, p.A1)(AP, 8/29/08)

2003        Sep 1, The U.S.-picked Iraqi Governing Council named a new Cabinet.
    (AP, 9/1/04)
2003        Sep 1, Arab TV broadcast an audiotape purportedly from Saddam Hussein denying any involvement in a bombing in Najaf, Iraq, that killed a beloved Shiite cleric.
    (AP, 9/1/04)

2003        Sep 10, In Irbil, Iraq, a suicide car bomber struck the US intelligence headquarters, killing three Iraqis, including a 12-year-old boy.
    (AP, 9/10/03)(WSJ, 9/11/03, p.A1)

2003        Sep 12, US soldiers mistakenly opened fire on uniformed Iraqi policemen chasing highway bandits at night, killing eight officers and a Jordanian security guard in Fallujah.
    (AP, 9/12/04)

2003        Sep 13, Angry mourners swarmed Fallujah, Iraq, a day after eight Iraqi police were killed in a friendly fire incident involving U.S. troops; the U.S. military apologized for the deaths.
    (AP, 9/13/04)

2003        Sep 14, Lt. Gen. Ricardo Sanchez, the US military commander in Iraq, authorized the use of loud rock music, "to create fear, disorient ... and prolong capture shock." The tactic became common in the US war on terror, with forces systematically using loud music on hundreds of detainees in Iraq, Afghanistan and Guantanamo Bay.
    (AP, 12/10/08)
2003        Sep 14, In Iraq a roadside bomb attack on a convoy in the troubled city of Fallujah killed one US soldier and injured three others.
    (AP, 9/14/03)

2003        Sep 15, In Iraq guerrillas killed a US soldier in a rocket-propelled grenade attack in central Baghdad.
    (AP, 9/15/03)

2003        Sep 16, Baha Mousa (26), an Iraqi hotel receptionist, died after being beaten at a British military camp in Basra. An autopsy said he died of asphyxia, caused by a stress position that soldiers forced him to maintain. He was arrested, along with nine other Iraqis, at the Haitham Hotel in Basra 2 days earlier by members of the 1st Battalion The Queen's Lancashire Regiment (QLR). In 2006 Corp. Donald Payne pleaded guilty to a charge of inhumane treatment of Iraqi civilians, but denied manslaughter. Payne, who became Britain's first convicted war criminal, was dismissed by the army and jailed for a year over the killing. In 2008 the British Ministry of Defense agreed to pay just under $6 million to the family of Mousa and 9 others who suffered injuries while in the custody of British forces. In 2009 Britain opened a public inquiry into the case and Britain's military apologized for its treatment of Mousa. On Sep 8, 2011, an inquiry concluded that British soldiers beat Mousa to death in an act of unjustified violence that left a "very great stain" on Britain's armed forces.
    (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/8143982.stm)(Econ, 9/23/06, p.66)(AP, 7/10/08)(AP, 7/13/09)(AP, 9/21/09)(Reuters, 9/8/11)

2003        Sep 18, Iraqi guerrillas ambushed an American patrol in Al Auja, Saddam Hussein's native village, killing 3 US soldiers. The number of US killed since the start of war in March reached 297.
    (SFC, 9/19/03, p.A1)

2003        Aug 19, Taha Yassin Ramadan, a former Iraqi vice president known as "Saddam's knuckles" for his ruthlessness and No. 20 on the US list of most-wanted Iraqis, was turned over to US forces in Mosul. Ramadan was tried and convicted in November 2006 of murder, forced deportation and torture, and sentenced to life in prison. The court agreed to turn it to a death sentence in March 2007. Ramadan was hanged before dawn on Tuesday, March 20, 2007, for his role in the killing of 148 Shia Iraqis in Dujail.
    (AP, 8/19/03)(SFC, 8/20/03, p.A13)(www.iraqupdates.com/p_articles.php/article/15720)

2003        Sep 20, In central Iraq 3 American soldiers were killed and 13 injured in a mortar attack and a bombing.
    (AP, 9/21/03)
2003        Sep 20, In Iraq gunmen attacked and wounded Aquila al-Hashimi, one of three women on Iraq's Governing Council and a leading candidate to become the country's representative at the United Nations.
    (AP, 9/20/03)

2003        Sep 21, In Iraq corporate and personal income taxes were capped at 15%. All foreign government entities and their employees were declared exempt.
    (WSJ, 10/28/03, p.A4)

2003        Sep 22, A suicide bomber, his body wrapped in explosives and his car filled with 50 pounds of TNT, struck a police checkpoint outside UN headquarters in Baghdad, killing an Iraqi policeman who stopped him and wounding 19 people.
    (AP, 9/22/03)

2003        Sep 23, US forces in Iraq killed 3 civilians in an aerial attack on a farming village.
    (SFC, 9/24/03, p.A3)

2003        Sep 25, A mortar blast tore through a market in Baqouba, Iraq, killing nine civilians and injuring more than a dozen others. Townspeople suspected American soldiers stationed nearby may have been the target. Aquila al-Hashimi (50), the first member of Iraq's American-picked Governing Council to be targeted for assassination, died, five days after she was shot in an ambush.
    (AP, 9/26/03)(AP, 9/25/03)(WSJ, 9/26/03, p.A1)

2003        Sep 26, US troops fired on two cars at a checkpoint in Fallujah, killing four Iraqis and injuring five others. Over 4 days Sheikh Mishkhen al Jumaili lost 9 relatives including his son.
    (AP, 9/27/03)(SFC, 10/6/03, p.A1)

2003        Sep, Sadr City chose an alternative assembly to the US-approved group.
    (WSJ, 10/20/03, p.A9)

2003        Sep-2004 Apr, In 2005 it was reported that members of the US Army’s 82nd Airborne Division beat and abused prisoners at Camp Mercury, an operating base near Fallujah. “We kept it to broken arms and legs."
    (SFC, 9/24/05, p.A3)

2003        Oct 3, In Iraq US Army Spc. Jeremy C. Sivits began photographing Iraqi prisoner abuse at Abu Ghraib prison. He was under instruction from MP Cpl. Charles A. Graner to not say anything. In 2007 Lt. Col. Steven Lee Jordan (50), who ran the interrogation center at Abu Ghraib, was court-martialed on 8 charges including cruelty and maltreatment of prisoners. In 2008 Philip Gourevitch and Errol Morris authored “Standard Operating Procedure" and produced a documentary film covering the Abu Ghraib abuses. [See Jan 13, 2004]
    (SFC, 5/14/04, p.A12)(SFC, 1/27/07, p.A9)(Econ, 5/17/08, p.102)

2003        Oct 6, Roadside bombings in central Iraq killed three U.S. soldiers and an Iraqi interpreter and wounded six other service members.
    (AP, 10/7/03)

2003        Oct 9, A suicide car bomber crashed a white Oldsmobile into a police station in Sadr City, Iraq's largest Shiite Muslim enclave, killing himself, 8 others and wounding as many as 45. Kirk von Ackerman (37), US army contractor, disappeared between Tikrit and Kirkuk. It was later reported that Von Ackerman was about to report on kickbacks to a US Army officer in Iraq. On Dec 14 Ackerman’s associate Ryan Manelick was shot to death near Camp Anaconda. Jose Antonio Bernal Gomez, Spanish military attache, was shot to death in Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/9/03)(SFC, 10/10/03, p.A1)(AP, 10/9/04)(AP, 10/9/08)(SFC, 11/11/03, p.A1)(SSFC, 2/13/05, p.A14)

2003        Oct 10, In Sadr City, Iraq, 2 Americans and 2 Iraqis were killed in a gunfight.
    (SFC, 10/11/03, p.A12)

2003        Oct 12, In Baghdad a suicide attacker, stopped from reaching a hotel full of Americans, detonated his car bomb on a commercial avenue, killing six bystanders and wounding dozens.
    (AP, 10/12/03)

2003        Oct 14, In Baghdad a suicide bomber detonated a car packed with explosives near the Turkish Embassy, killing the driver and wounding more than a dozen others.
    (AP, 10/14/03)

2003        Oct 15, In Iraq the new dinar was launched graced with the likeness of an ancient ruler and a 10th century mathematician. The Iraqi central bank had no tools to regulate currency value. Exchange of the old currency was set to end Jan 15.
    (SFC, 10/16/03, p.A12)(WSJ, 11/7/03, p.A10)
2003        Oct 15, Japan pledged $1.5 billion in reconstruction aid next year for Iraq and more down the line despite economic woes at home.
    (AP, 10/15/03)

2003        Oct 16, Iraqi police backed by American tanks forced out the renegade Sadr City council.
    (WSJ, 10/20/03, p.A9)
2003        Oct 16, The UN Security Council unanimously adopted a resolution aimed at attracting aid to stabilize Iraq and putting it on the road to independence.
    (AP, 10/16/03)

2003        Oct 17, In Iraq the deaths of 4 soldiers brought to 101 the number killed since Pres. Bush declared the end of major combat on May 1.
    (SFC, 10/18/03, p.A1)

2003        Oct 18, In Iraq 2 U.S. soldiers were killed and one was wounded in an ambush north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/19/03)

2003        Oct 20, Bush administration officials said some $3 billion of Saddam Hussein's former government was being held in Syria and Lebanon.
    (AP, 10/21/03)

2003        Oct 22, It was reported that pirated fuel from Iraq totaled some 2,000 tons for a daily loss of $250,000.
    (SFC, 10/22/03, p.A1)

2003        Oct 23, A bomb exploded near a pipeline in northern Iraq, killing two Iraqi Civil Defense Corps members and wounding 10 others.
    (AP, 10/23/03)

2003        Oct 24, Iraq's postwar reconstruction received a boost as nations from Japan to Saudi Arabia pledged $13 billion in new aid on top of more than $20 billion from the US. But the figure fell well short of the estimated $56 billion needed to rebuild the country.
    (AP, 10/24/03)
2003        Oct 24, Two U.S. soldiers were killed and four were wounded in a mortar attack on their base north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/24/03)

2003        Oct 26, Iraqi insurgents attacked the heavily guarded al Rashid hotel with a missile barrage that killed an American colonel, wounded 18 other people. The 462-room hotel, housing civilian officials of the US-led Coalition Provisional Authority and US military personnel, is seen as symbol of the occupation.
    (AP, 10/26/03)(SSFC, 10/26/03, p.A1)

2003        Oct 27, In Iraq suicide car bombers on the 1st day of Ramadan struck the international Red Cross headquarters and three police stations across Baghdad, killing 43 people and wounding at least 224.
    (AP, 10/27/03)(SFC, 10/28/03, p.A1)(WSJ, 4/19/04, p.A14)

2003        Oct 28, In Iraq a car bomb exploded near a police station on a major street in the tense city of Fallujah, killing at least four people.
    (AP, 10/28/03)
2003        Oct 28, In Iraq 2 American soldiers were killed when their Abrams battle tank was damaged by resistance fighters 45 miles north of Baghdad. Total US deaths reach 115 and surpassed the 114 killed during the initial war Mar 20-May 1.
    (AP, 10/29/03)
2003        Oct 28, In southern Iraq 7 Ukrainian peacekeepers were wounded when militants attacked their patrol. 1,650 Ukrainian troops served in the Polish-led stabilization force.
    (AP, 10/29/03)

2003        Oct 29, International organizations continued their exodus from Iraq in the wake of car bombings in the capital and attacks against coalition troops.
    (AP, 10/29/04)

2003        Oct 30, The UN ordered all its non-Iraqi staff to leave Baghdad.
    (WSJ, 4/19/04, p.A14)

2003        Oct, Sean O'Sullivan (39), American documentary filmmaker, arrived in Iraq and formed JumpStart Int'l., a private non-profit effort to clean up bombed and burned sites in Baghdad using Iraqi labor.
    (SSFC, 4/4/04, p.A3)

2003        Nov 1, In Iraq a roadside bomb killed at least two US soldiers in Mosul.
    (AP, 11/1/03)
2003        Nov 1, It was reported that over a dozen members of Saddam Hussein's government have been shot dead in the streets of Basra over the last month.
    (SFC, 11/1/03, p.A8)

2003        Nov 2, In central Iraq insurgents shot down a US Chinook helicopter as it carried troops headed for R&R, killing 16 soldiers and wounding 21. Attacks on US troops reached 33 a day.
    (SSFC, 11/2/03, p.A1)(AP, 11/2/08)

2003        Nov 6, Two American soldiers were killed near Baghdad and along the Syrian border. Polish forces suffered their first combat death when a Polish major was fatally wounded in an ambush south of the capital.
    (AP, 11/6/03)

2003        Nov 7, In Tikrit, Iraq, an Army Black Hawk helicopter crashed, apparently shot down by insurgents, killing all six U.S. soldiers aboard. 2 other soldiers were killed near Mosul.
    (AP, 11/7/03)

2003        Nov 8, In Iraq insurgents killed two US paratroopers and wounded another west of Baghdad. In Tikrit US F-16s battered suspected targets. 5 Iraqis were killed and 16 taken custody in "Operation Ivy Cyclone."
    (AP, 11/8/03)

2003        Nov 9, In Iraq a US military police soldier was killed in a rocket-propelled grenade attack south of Baghdad. In Sadr City Muhamad al-Kaabi, a US-appointed district chairman, was shot dead following an argument with a US soldier guarding his council's headquarters.
    (AP, 11/10/03)(WSJ, 11/12/03, p.A16)

2003        Nov 11, In Iraq US troops opened fire on a truck carrying live chickens near the tense town of Fallujah, killing 5 civilians aboard the vehicle, including a father and his two sons.
    (AP, 11/12/03)
2003        Nov 11, In Iraq an explosion on a road frequently used by British troops killed 6 civilians in Basra. The military detained about 20 people suspected of links to al-Qaida.
    (AP, 11/11/03)

2003        Nov 12, In Iraq a suicide truck bomber attacked the headquarters of Italy's paramilitary police in Nasiriyah, killing 31 people, including 18 Italians, and possibly trapping others.
    (AP, 11/12/03)(AP, 11/13/03)

2003        Nov 13, Pres. Bush said the US wants Iraqis to take more responsibility for governing their troubled country and said coalition forces are determined to prevail over terrorists.
    (AP, 11/13/03)

2003        Nov 14, The Bush administration announced that it intends to hand over sovereignty to the Iraqis by June 30, 2004.
    (SSFC, 4/11/04, p.A22)
2003        Nov 14, Near Tikrit, Iraq, an Apache helicopter attacked and killed 7 people believed to have been preparing a rocket attack on a US base.
    (AP, 11/14/03)

2003        Nov 15, The Iraqi Governing Council and the US-led occupation administration in Iraq signed an agreement to speed up the transfer of power to the IGC by July, 2004, after a transitional government is selected and assumes sovereignty.
    (AP, 11/15/03)(WSJ, 4/19/04, p.A14)
2003        Nov 15, Two US Army Black Hawk helicopters collided under fire and crashed in the northern Iraqi city of Mosul, killing at least 17 soldiers.
    (AP, 11/16/03)(SSFC, 11/16/03, p.A1)
2003        Nov 15, In Iraq insurgents and looters overran US bases in Samara when soldiers left in an effort to let Iraqis handle security.
    (WSJ, 11/19/03, p.A1)

2003        Nov 19, In Ramadi, Iraq, a car bomb exploded late outside the home of a pro-American tribal leader, killing one child.
    (AP, 11/19/03)

2003        Nov 20, In Kirkuk, Iraq, a bomb apparently hidden in a pickup truck exploded at the offices of a US-allied Kurdish political party, killing five people and wounding 40.
    (AP, 11/20/03)

2003        Nov 21, More than a dozen rockets fired from donkey carts slammed into Iraq's Oil Ministry and two downtown Baghdad hotels used by foreign journalists and civilian defense contractors.
    (AP, 11/21/04)

2003        Nov 22, In Iraq suicide attackers detonated bomb-packed vehicles at 2 police stations in Kahn Bani Saad and Baquoba. 11 police officers and 5 civilians were killed.
    (AP, 11/22/03)(SSFC, 11/23/03, p.A18)
2003        Nov 22, A DHL Airbus cargo jet transporting mail in Iraq was struck and damaged by a MANPAD. Though hit in the left fuel tank, the plane was able to return to the Baghdad airport and land safely.
    (AP, 6/11/13)

2003        Nov 23, In Iraq the Governing Council named Rend Rahim Francke, an Iraqi-American woman and veteran lobbyist who has criticized Washington as being shortsighted in Iraq, as its ambassador to the United States.
    (AP, 11/23/03)
2003        Nov 23, In Iraq gunmen killed two American soldiers driving through Mosul, and then a crowd swarmed the scene, looting the soldiers' vehicle and pummeling their bodies. Another soldier was killed in a roadside bombing north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/23/03)

2003        Nov 24, The US-appointed government raided the offices of Al-Arabiya television, banned its broadcasts from Iraq for broadcasting an audiotape a week ago of a voice it said belonged to Saddam Hussein.
    (AP, 11/24/03)
2003        Nov 24, Gunmen in Mosul ambushed US soldiers on patrol with a roadside bomb then opened fire on them, wounding one.
    (AP, 11/24/03)

2003        Nov 26, Maj. Gen. Abed Hamed Mowhoush, an air defense general captured Oct. 5 in a raid near the Syrian border, died. He was being questioned while in American custody in Qaim near the Syrian border when he lost consciousness after complaining he didn't feel well. In 2004 4 US soldiers were charged with murder.
    (AP, 11/27/03)(SFC, 10/5/04, p.A3)

2003        Nov 27, Pres. Bush flew to Iraq under extraordinary secrecy and security to spend Thanksgiving with US troops.
    (AP, 11/28/03)

2003        Nov 29, In Iraq US senators Hillary Rodham Clinton and Jack Reed met with local officials in the oil-rich northern city of Kirkuk. Attackers in Mahmudiyah killed 7 members of a Spanish intelligence team as it returned from a mission. In northern Iraq gunmen ambushed and murdered two Japanese diplomats and their Iraqi driver.
    (AP, 11/29/03)(SSFC, 11/30/03, p.A1)(AP, 11/30/03)

2003        Nov 30, In western Iraq guerrillas killed two U.S. soldiers and wounded a third in an ambush. Gunmen shot and killed 2 South Korean electricians and wounded 2 others as they drove apparently to a power transmission plant they were working at in Tikrit.
    (AP, 11/30/03)
2003        Nov 30, The US military said 54 Iraqis were killed in the northern city of Samarra as US forces used tanks and cannons to fight their way out of simultaneous ambushes while delivering new Iraqi currency to banks. Residents said the next that the casualty figure was much lower and that the dead were mostly civilians.
    (AP, 12/1/03)(SFC, 12/2/03, p.A1)
2003        Nov 30, A bus carrying Kuwaitis returning from the funeral of a Shiite Muslim religious leader overturned in southern Iraq, killing at least 15 people.
    (AP, 11/30/03)

2003        Nov, At least 104 soldiers were killed in Iraq this month including 79 Americans.
    (SFC, 12/2/03, p.A18)
2003        Nov, Cpl. Dustin Berg, a national Guardsman from Indiana, killed an Iraqi police officer and then shot himself in the stomach to give the impression of a gunfight to block investigation. In 2005 Berg pleaded guilty to negligent homicide. His sentence included 18 months in prison and a bad conduct discharge.
    (SFC, 7/26/05, p.A6)

2003        Dec 2, US troops have captured or killed a "big fish" in a large military operation in Kirkuk. American soldiers arrested dozens of people there in an overnight raid.
    (AP, 12/2/03)

2003        Dec 3, The head of the Iraqi Governing Council renewed his demand that a proposed transitional legislature be elected by Iraqi voters, a move opposed by U.S. occupation officials. Leaders of the top political parties agreed with the US-led administration to create a militia picked by the parties and governing council.
    (AP, 12/3/03)(SFC, 12/4/03, p.A16)

2003        Dec 5, Syria continued to reject US pressure to hand over an estimated $250 million that Saddam Hussein's regime had deposited there.
    (WSJ, 12/5/03, p.A1)

2003        Dec 7, Insurgents attacked a U.S. military patrol in northern Iraq, killing one soldier and wounding two.
    (AP, 12/7/03)

2003        Dec 9, In Talafar, Iraq, a suicide bomber blew up a car packed with explosives at the gates of a military barracks, injuring 41 American troops and six Iraqi civilians. Hours earlier, 3 soldiers died in a road accident in central Iraq, and 3 civilians died when a Baghdad mosque was rocketed.
    (AP, 12/9/03)

2003        Dec 10, U.S. allies that opposed the war in Iraq were angered and surprised by Deputy Sec. of Defense Paul Wolfowitz's decision to bar their companies from bidding for $18.6 billion worth of reconstruction contracts, with France questioning its legality and Canada threatening to halt aid. The 63-nation eligibility list excluded Germany, France, Russia and China.
    (AP, 12/10/03)(WSJ, 12/10/03, p.A1)(Econ, 12/13/03, p.30)
2003        Dec 10, Iraq's U.S.-installed interim government established a special tribunal to deal with crime against humanity committed by Saddam Hussein's regime.
    (AP, 12/10/03)
2003        Dec 10, Iraq's Health Ministry has ordered a halt to a count of civilians killed during the war and told its statistics department not to release figures compiled so far.
    (AP, 12/10/03)
2003        Dec 10, In Mosul, Iraq, 2 US soldiers were killed. In a Baghdad suburb armed men robbed a government bank of almost $1.4 billion dinars ($800,000).
    (SFC, 12/11/03, p.A17)
2003        Dec 10, Journalist Michael Weisskopf (57) was seriously wounded when a grenade thrown into an Army Humvee exploded as he attempted to throw it back out.
    (SFC, 12/12/03, p.A22)

2003        Dec 11, US officials delayed a conference for companies seeking $18.6 billion in reconstruction contracts in Iraq by eight days until Dec. 19.
    (AP, 12/11/03)
2003        Dec 11, Pentagon officials said efforts to create a new Iraqi army to help take over the country's security have suffered a setback with the resignations of a third of the soldiers trained.
    (AP, 12/11/03)
2003        Dec 11, In Iraq a suicide bomber killed 1 US soldier and wounded 14 others at a military base in Ramadi.
    (SFC, 12/12/03, p.A22)

2003        Dec 12, Insurgents detonated a bomb alongside a U.S. military convoy west of Baghdad on Friday, killing one soldier and wounding two others.
    (AP, 12/12/03)
2003        Dec 12, Pres. Bush said that Halliburton, VP Dick Cheney's former company, should repay the government if it overcharged for gasoline delivered in Iraq under a prewar contract.
    (AP, 12/12/03)(WSJ, 12/12/03, p.A1)

2003        Dec 13, American forces captured a bearded and haggard-looking Saddam Hussein in an underground hide-out on a farm in Adwar near his hometown of Tikrit. 2 other Iraqis were arrested. Small arms and $750,000 in bills were also seized. The 55 most-wanted Iraqis and their status, according to U.S. Central Command: 39 were in custody, 13 remained at large, 2 were confirmed killed and one was reported killed.
    (AP, 12/14/03)(SFC, 12/15/03, p.A13)

2003        Dec 14, In Baghdad a suspected suicide attacker detonated a car bomb killing at least 17 people and wounding 35 others. A US soldier was killed trying to diffuse a roadside bomb. Ryan Manelick, A US contract worker for Ultra Services, was shot to death near Camp Anaconda. He was an associate of Kirk von Ackerman, who disappeared Oct 9. Manelick had told Army investigators kickbacks were being made to a US Army officer.
    (SFC, 12/15/03, p.A15)(SSFC, 2/13/05, p.A14)

2003        Dec 15, In Iraq a suicide bomber driving a four-wheel drive taxi killed eight Iraqi policemen in an attack on a station in Baghdad's northern outskirts.
    (AP, 12/15/03)

2003        Dec 16, U.S. special envoy James A. Baker III said France, Germany and the US agreed to seek reductions in Iraq's foreign debt within the Paris Club of creditor nations.
    (AP, 12/16/03)(SFC, 12/17/03, p.A18)
2003        Dec 16, U.S. troops killed 11 guerrilla attackers, some of whom released a flock of pigeons to signal the Americans' approach, in an ambush in a town north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 12/16/03)

2003        Dec 17, In Baghdad an explosives-laden truck speeding toward a police station slammed into a bus and blew up before dawn, killing at least 10 Iraqis.
    (AP, 12/17/03)
2003        Dec 17, In Iraq guerrillas ambushed a U.S. military patrol with small arms fire, killing one soldier at al-Karmah in northwest Baghdad. The soldier's death brings the number of U.S. soldiers killed in combat to 314 since the war started on March 20.
    (AP, 12/18/03)
2003        Dec 17, Suspected followers of Saddam Hussein shot to death Muhammad al-Hakim a representative of a major Shiite political party and a member of the Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution.
    (AP, 12/18/03)

2003        Dec 19, U.S. troops mistakenly shot and killed three Iraqi police officers and wounded two others, thinking they were bandits.
    (AP, 12/20/03)

2003        Dec 20, Insurgents attacked pipelines and an oil storage depot in three parts of Iraq, setting fires that blazed for hours and lost millions of gallons of oil.
    (AP, 12/21/03)

2003        Dec 22, In Iraq a roadside bomb exploded near a U.S. military convoy, killing two American soldiers and an Iraqi translator.
    (AP, 12/22/03)
2003        Dec 22, Russia agreed to write off 65% of the debt owed by Iraq.
    (WSJ, 12/23/03, p.A1)

2003        Dec 24, In Iraq a string of separate bombings killed 6 civilians and 3 American soldiers.
    (AP, 12/24/03)

2003        Dec 25, In Iraq leaders of Sunni Muslim groups agreed to form a State Council for the Sunnis in order to speak with a unified voice during the transition to Iraqi governance.
    (SFC, 12/26/03, p.A9)

2003        Dec 26, In Iraq an American soldier died in a rebel ambush and two others were killed in bomb explosions.
    (AP, 12/26/03)

2003        Dec 27, In Iraq insurgents launched 3 coordinated attacks in the southern city of Karbala, killing 13 people, including six Iraqi police officers, 2 Thai soldiers and 5 Bulgarians.
    (AP, 12/28/03)(SSFC, 12/28/03, p.A3)(WSJ, 12/29/03, p.A1)(AP, 12/27/04)

2003        Dec 28, A roadside bomb killed an American soldier and two Iraqi children in Baghdad.
    (AP, 12/28/03)

2003        Dec 29, Rebels lobbed a grenade and fired on U.S. soldiers searching homes for insurgents in the northern city of Mosul, triggering a firefight that left three Iraqis dead and two U.S. soldiers wounded.
    (AP, 12/29/03)
2003        Dec 29, Japan pledged to forgive "the vast majority" of its Iraqi debt if other Paris Club nations do the same. China later said it would consider the idea.
    (AP, 12/29/03)

2003        Dec 31, In Iraq gunfire erupted in Kirkuk as hundreds of Arabs and Turkmen marched in protest over fears of Kurdish domination in the oil-rich northern city.
    (AP, 12/31/03)(WSJ, 1/2/04, p.A1)
2003        Dec 31, A New Year's Eve car bombing at the upscale Nabil restaurant in Baghdad killed 8 people and injured 35.
    (AP, 1/1/04)(SFC, 1/1/04, p.A1)

2003        Iraqna, a unit of Egypt-based Orascom Telecom Holding SAE, launched cell phone service in Iraq.
    (WSJ, 7/19/05, p.B1)
2003        The US Navy sent several dolphins to Iraq to clear the Umm Qasr harbor of mines.
    (SFC, 5/18/10, p.C2)

2004        Jan 2, A U.S. military helicopter crashed west of Baghdad, killing one soldier and wounding another.
    (AP, 1/2/04)
2004        Jan 2, In central Iraq insurgents hit a U.S. base with mortar shells, killing one American soldier and wounding two others. A US helicopter was shot down near Fallujah killing one American soldier.
    (AP, 1/3/04)(SFC, 1/2/04, p.A5)

2004        Jan 3, In Tikrit, Iraq, American soldiers opened fire with a machine gun on a taxi, killing four Iraqi civilians, including a 7-year-old boy.
    (AP, 1/10/04)

2004        Jan 5, In Iraq 2 French contractors, working on electricity projects, were killed in a drive-by shooting near Fallujah.
    (WSJ, 4/1/04, p.A10)

2004        Jan 6, Iraqi police opened fire on hundreds of stone-throwing former Iraqi soldiers demanding monthly stipends promised by the U.S.-led coalition, and reporters saw at least four protesters shot in the southern town of Basra.
    (AP, 1/6/04)

2004        Jan 7, L. Paul Bremer, the top American civilian official in Iraq, said U.S. authorities will release 506 low-level Iraqi prisoners while increasing the bounties for fugitives suspected of major roles in attacks against coalition forces.
    (AP, 1/7/04)

2004        Jan 8, In Iraq a US Black Hawk medivac helicopter crashed near Fallujah killing all nine soldiers aboard.
    (AP, 1/8/04)

2004        Jan 9, In Baqouba, Iraq, an explosion ripped through a busy street as worshippers streamed out of a Shiite Muslim mosque, killing 5 people and wounding dozens of others. US soldiers in Kirkuk killed 2 Iraqi police officers.
    (AP, 1/9/04)(SFC, 1/10/04, p.A8)(SSFC, 1/11/04, p.A7)
2004        Jan 9, US Officials said Pentagon lawyers had determined that former Iraq leader Saddam Hussein was a prisoner of war since his capture.
    (AP, 1/9/05)

2004        Jan 11,  U.S. paratroopers captured Khamis Sirhan al-Muhammad, a former regional Baath Party chairman and militia commander a former Baath Party official who was No. 54 on the list of 55 most-wanted figures from Saddam Hussein's regime.
    (AP, 1/14/04)
2004        Jan 11, Danish and Icelandic troops reported a cache of 36 shells buried in the Iraqi desert, and preliminary tests showed they contained a liquid blister agent. The 120mm mortar shells are thought to be left over from the eight-year war between Iraq and neighboring Iran, which ended in 1988.
    (AP, 1/11/04)

2004        Jan 12, A roadside bomb explosion in Baghdad killed one U.S. soldier and wounded two, bringing the American death toll to nearly 500 since the start of fighting in March. US soldiers killed an Iraqi man and a boy driving in a car behind a convoy after a roadside bomb went off nearby.
    (AP, 1/12/04)(SFC, 1/13/04, p.A10)

2004        Jan 13, Joe Darby, a US soldier at Abu Ghraib prison, reported US abuses of Iraqi prisoners. Criminal charges were lodged against 6 soldiers on Mar 20. In 2005 Spc. Charles Graner was convicted on 5 counts of assault and sentenced to 10 years in a military stockade. Graner said he had operated under orders from superior officers.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joe_Darby)(SFC, 5/6/04, p.A17)(AP, 1/13/05)(SSFC, 1/16/05, p.A1)
2004        Jan 13, Hostile fire brought down a U.S. Army Apache attack helicopter in Iraq, but the two crew members escaped injury.
    (AP, 1/13/05)

2004        Jan 14, The US Army launched an inquiry into conditions at Abu Ghraib prison a day after photos of abused prisoners were passed up the chain of command.
    (WSJ, 5/7/04, p.A1)
2004        Jan 14, In Iraq a suicide bomber detonated a bomb at a police station in Baquoba that killed 2 passers-by and wounded 26 others.
    (SFC, 1/15/04, p.A8)

2004        Jan 15, Iraqi bank notes bearing Saddam Hussein's portrait became obsolete as a three-month period to exchange old bills for new ones came to an end. The new currency required 27 flights of 747 planes for delivery.
    (AP, 1/15/04)(WSJ, 1/20/04, p.A14)

2004        Jan 16, Paul Bremmer, the U.S. administrator in Iraq, said the US will revise its plan to create self-rule in Iraq, following consultations with President Bush.
    (AP, 1/16/04)
2004        Jan 16, The US Army awarded Halliburton a 2-year contract worth up to $1.2 billion to rebuild the oil industry in southern Iraq.
    (SFC, 1/17/04, p.A8)

2004        Jan 17, A roadside bomb exploded near Baghdad, killing three U.S. soldiers and two Iraqi civil defense troopers. The number of American service members who have died since the Iraq war began reached 500.
    (AP, 1/17/04)
2004        Jan 17, An explosive device being transported in a car exploded near a U.S. Army patrol in Tikrit, killing two men in the vehicle, one of them a relative of Saddam Hussein.
    (AP, 1/18/04)

2004        Jan 18, A suicide bomber blew up a pickup truck packed with 1,000 pounds of explosives outside the headquarters of the U.S.-led coalition, killed at least 31 people and injuring about 120, most of them Iraqis.
    (AP, 1/19/05)

2004        Jan 19, Tens of thousands of Shiite Muslims marched peacefully in Baghdad to demand an elected government.
    (AP, 1/19/04)

2004        Jan 21, In central Iraq a barrage of mortar fire struck a US military encampment, killing 2 American soldiers and critically wounding a third. In separate incidents, gunmen ambushed a vehicle carrying Iraqi women who worked in the laundry at a US military base, killing 4 of them,
    (AP, 1/22/04)

2004        Jan 22, In Iraq gunmen firing from a van killed two Iraqi policemen and wounded three others in an attack on a checkpoint between Fallujah and Ramadi.
    (AP, 1/22/04)

2004        Jan 23, A bomb planted in a meeting room exploded after a gathering of the Iraqi Communist Party, killing two men in an apparent attack on supporters of the U.S.-backed government
    (AP, 1/23/04)

2004        Jan 24, A car bomb exploded in Khaldiya, a town west of Baghdad, killing three American soldiers and injuring six soldiers and several Iraqi civilians. A series of bombings killed 5 U.S. soldiers in the Sunni Triangle.
    (AP, 1/25/04)(WSJ, 2/13/04, p.A1)

2004        Jan 25, In northern Iraq a US helicopter crashed while searching for a river patrol boat that had capsized on the Tigris. A soldier and 2 pilots were missing. 4 Iraqi policemen manning a checkpoint outside Ramadi west of Baghdad were killed in a drive-by shooting. Gunmen also killed three policemen at another checkpoint in Ramadi. US soldiers arrested nearly 50 people and confiscated weapons in several raids in Iraq's volatile Sunni Triangle. Another soldier died of wounds from the previous day's attacks.
    (AP, 1/25/04)(AP, 1/26/04)

2004        Jan 27, Roadside bombs killed 6 US soldiers in 2 blasts outside Baghdad. 2 CNN employees were killed in an ambush as their crew returned to Baghdad from southern Iraq.
    (AP, 1/27/04)(SFC, 1/28/04, p.A9)
2004        Jan 27, In central Iraq US soldiers killed 3 members of a suspected guerrilla cell linked to the former Baathist regime.
    (AP, 1/27/04)

2004        Jan 28, In Iraq some ten thousand Shiite Muslims protested in the south to demand the resignation of the U.S.-appointed provincial governor.
    (AP, 1/29/04)
2004        Jan 28, In Iraq a suicide bomber blew up a van disguised as an ambulance in front of the Shaheen Hotel after speeding through a security barrier in the heart of Baghdad, killing three people, including a South African, and injuring 17.
    (AP, 1/28/04)(SFC, 1/28/04, p.A9)
2004        Jan 28, David Kay, former head of the CIA's weapons search team in Iraq, told Congress no weapons of mass destruction had been found and that prewar intelligence was "almost all wrong." In 2007 Bob Drogin authored “Curveball: Spies, Lies, and the Con Man Who Caused a War." Curveball was the code name for an Iraqi chemical engineer who turned up in Germany in 1999 and served as the source for Iraq’s chemical and biological weapons pro-grams. In 2011 Rafid Ahmed Alwan al-Janabi, identified as the informer called "Curveball," said he is proud that he lied about his country developing mobile biological warfare labs.
    (SSFC, 4/11/04, p.A22)(WSJ, 10/13/07, p.W8)(Econ, 11/3/07, p.100)(AP, 2/16/11)

2004        Jan 29, In central Iraq a roadside bomb exploded in Baqouba, wounding 11 Iraqis.
    (AP, 1/29/04)

2004        Jan 31, In Iraq a car bomb targeting a police station in Mosul killed nine people and injured 45 others, while three American soldiers died when a roadside bomb ripped through their convoy near the oil-rich city of Kirkuk.
    (AP, 1/31/04)

2004        Feb 1, In Irbil, Iraq, 2 suicide bombers struck the offices of two U.S.-backed Kurdish parties in near-simultaneous attacks as hundreds of Iraqis gathered to celebrate a Muslim holiday. At least 101 people were killed and more than 235 were wounded. Also about 20 Iraqis were killed when they accidentally set off an explosion while looting a former Iraqi munitions dump in the Polish-controlled south-central region of the country.
    (AP, 2/2/04)(WSJ, 2/4/04, p.A1)

2004        Feb 5, U.S. and Iraqi forces captured more than 100 suspected guerrillas in raids across the country, arresting one of Saddam Hussein's intelligence chiefs and another Iraqi believed involved in a suicide bombing last month, a U.S.
    (AP, 2/5/04)

2004        Feb 8, In Suwayrah, Iraq, a bomb inside a police station exploded soon after the morning roll call, killing 3 police officer and injuring 11 others.
    (AP, 2/8/04)
2004        Feb 8, A UN team met with Iraqi leaders to discuss the feasibility of early legislative elections, and its leader pledged to do "everything possible" to help the country regain its sovereignty.
    (AP, 2/8/04)

2004        Feb 10, In Iskandariyah, Iraq, a car bomb exploded at a police station south of Baghdad as dozens of would-be recruits lined up to apply for jobs, and a hospital official said at least 53 people were killed and 50 others wounded.
    (AP, 2/10/04)(WSJ, 2/11/04, p.A1)

2004        Feb 11, In Iraq a suicide attacker blew up a car packed with explosives in a crowd of hundreds of Iraqis waiting outside a Baghdad army recruiting center, killing 47 people in the second bombing in two days.
    (AP, 2/11/05)

2004        Feb 14, In Iraq guerrillas launched a bold daylight assault on an Iraqi police station and security compound west of Baghdad, freeing prisoners and sparking a gunbattle that killed 23 people and wounded 33.
    (SSFC, 2/15/04, p.A1)(AP, 2/14/05)

2004        Feb 15, Iraqi police arrested No. 41 on the American military's most-wanted list, Baath Party official Mohammed Zimam Abdul-Razaq.
    (AP, 2/15/04)

2004        Feb 16, In Iraq 3 U.S. soldiers were killed in roadside bomb blasts. A bomb exploded in a schoolyard in a Shiite Muslim neighborhood in Baghdad, killing at least one child and wounding three other people,
    (AP, 2/16/04)(SFC, 2/17/04, p.A3)

2004        Feb 17, In Iraq roadside bombs killed 2 U.S. soldiers in separate attacks in Baghdad and Sunni Muslim areas to the north of the capital.
    (AP, 2/17/04)

2004        Feb 18, In Iraq 2 trucks packed with explosives blew up outside Hilla, Polish-run base south of Baghdad, after coalition forces opened fire on the suicide bombers racing toward them. 11 Iraqi civilians were killed and at least 64 people were wounded.
    (AP, 2/18/04)(SFC, 2/19/04, p.A14)

2004        Feb 19, In Iraq an explosion ripped through an infantry patrol in an insurgent center west of Baghdad, killing two U.S. soldiers and injuring another.
    (AP, 2/19/04)

2004        Feb 21, The International Red Cross visited former Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein, who was in U.S. custody.
    (AP, 2/21/05)

2004        Feb 22,  Gunmen attacked Iraqi police in two northern Iraqi cities, sparking clashes that killed two attackers. Meanwhile, jailed former Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein wrote a letter to his family for the international Red Cross to deliver.
    (AP, 2/22/04)

2004        Feb 23, In Iraq a suicide bomber detonated an explosive-packed vehicle outside an Iraqi police station in a Kurdish neighborhood of Kirkuk, killing at least seven people and wounding at least 35 others.
    (AP, 2/23/04)

2004        Feb 25, Two American soldiers were killed when their Kiowa helicopter crashed in a river west of Baghdad. Witnesses indicated that it was shot down. Gunmen assassinated the deputy police chief in Mosul.
    (AP, 2/25/04)(WSJ, 2/26/04, p.A1)

2004        Feb 28, Iraq's U.S.-picked leaders failed to meet a deadline for adopting an interim constitution.
    (AP, 2/28/05)

2004        Feb, Mohammad Munim al-Izmerly (65), Iraqi weapons scientist, died while in US custody. His body was delivered to Al-Kharkh Hospital in Baghdad. The Egyptian-born scientist had been in US detention since April 2003. The Americans enclosed a death certificate saying he died of "brainstem compression." An Investigation into his death was opened in 2005.
    (AP, 3/25/05)

2004        Mar 1, Iraqi politicians agreed on an interim constitution with 2 official languages, a wide ranging bill of rights and a single chief executive, bridging a gulf between members over the role of Islam in the future government.
    (AP, 3/1/04)(WSJ, 3/2/04, p.A1)

2004        Mar 2, Attacks on Shiite Muslims in Iraq killed at least 180 people as multiple explosions hit Shiite shrines in Baghdad and Karbala on the Shia festival of Ashura. An Iranian vice president blamed al-Qaida for the attacks.
    (AP, 3/3/04)(SSFC, 2/20/05, p.A14)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/March_2004)

2004        Mar 5, The signing of Iraq's interim constitution was delayed indefinitely after five Shiite members of the Governing Council rejected concessions made to Kurds and the makeup of the presidency.
    (AP, 3/5/04)

2004        Mar 7, In Iraq insurgents in a car fired rocket-propelled grenades at a police station in Mosul, and two Iraqi civilians were killed.
    (AP, 3/7/04)

2004        Mar 8, Iraq's Governing Council signed a landmark interim constitution after resolving a political impasse sparked by objections from the country's most powerful cleric.
    (AP, 3/8/04)
2004        Mar 8, Abul Abbas (56), the Palestinian who planned the 1985 hijacking of the Achille Lauro passenger ship in which a wheelchair-bound American tourist was killed and thrown overboard, died of natural causes in Baghdad while in U.S. custody.
    (AP, 3/10/04)

2004        Mar 9, In Iraq 2 US civilians and their Iraqi interpreter were killed. 4 Iraqis were arrested and appeared to be active Iraqi police officers working with a Saddam Hussein loyalist.
    (WSJ, 3/12/04, p.A1)(SFC, 3/13/04, p.A3)

2004        Mar 11, In Iraq 2 American soldiers were killed when the Humvee they were riding in struck a homemade bomb.
    (AP, 3/12/04)

2004        Mar 13, In Tikrit, Iraq, a roadside bomb killed two American soldiers and wounded three. 3 American soldiers died in two bomb explosions in Baghdad. A 4th died from his injuries the next morning.
    (AP, 3/13/04)(AP, 3/14/04)

2004        Mar 15, In Iraq 4 American missionary relief workers were killed in a drive-by shooting in Mosul.
    (SFC, 3/16/04, p.A14)(AP, 3/15/05)

2004        Mar 16, Two contractors, German and Dutch, working on a water-supply project south of Baghdad were shot to death, and their deaths brought to six the number of foreigners killed in drive-by shootings in the past 24 hours.
    (AP, 3/16/04)(WSJ, 4/1/04, p.A10)

2004        Mar 17, In Iraq a car bomb tore apart the five-story Mount Lebanon Hotel in central Baghdad, killing 7 people. In northeastern Iraq gunmen opened fire on a minibus, killing three Iraqi journalists and wounding nine other employees of a coalition-funded TV station. Insurgents killed two U.S. Marines who were on patrol in al-Anbar province. In Mosul 4 US Baptist missionaries were killed in a drive-by shooting.
    (AP, 3/18/04)(SFC, 3/18/04, p.A1)(AP, 3/19/04)(WSJ, 4/1/04, p.A10)

2004        Mar 18, In Iraq a car bomb exploded at a hotel in the southern city of Basra as a British military patrol passed by, killing five Iraqi bystanders. US Army soldiers shot 2 al-Arabiya television network employees. [see Mar 19]
    (AP, 3/18/04)(SFC, 3/30/04, p.A3)

2004        Mar 19, The US Justice Dept. issued a draft opinion that authorized the agency to transfer detainees out of Iraq for interrogation.
    (SSFC, 10/24/04, p.A1)
2004        Mar 19, In Iraq a reporter for Arab satellite television station Al-Arabiya died from his wounds after U.S. soldiers shot him hours earlier along with a cameraman, who died at the scene.
    (AP, 3/19/04)(SFC, 3/30/04, p.A1)

2004        Mar 21, In western Iraq insurgents fired a rocket at U.S. troops, killing two soldiers, while in Baghdad rockets fired toward the U.S.-led coalition headquarters killed two Iraqi civilians and injured a U.S. soldier.
    (AP, 3/21/04)

2004        Mar 22, A car bomb blew up near a U.S. Air Force base north of Baghdad, killing two Iraqi civilians and wounding 25 others. The U.S. military said a bomb killed a U.S. soldier and an Iraqi interpreter in Baghdad.
    (AP, 3/22/04)
2004        Mar 22, The Finnish Foreign Ministry said two Finnish businessmen were shot and killed in Baghdad.
    (AP, 3/22/04)

2004        Mar 23, In Iraq gunmen opened fire on a van filled with police recruits south of Baghdad, killing nine. Other assailants shot and killed two policemen, twin brothers, north of the capital.
    (AP, 3/23/04)

2004        Mar 24, In Iraq a gun battle with insurgents killed one American soldier and three rebels.
    (AP, 3/25/04)
2004        Mar 24, Insurgents bombed an oil well in northern Iraq, sparking a fire that raged for 24 hours before being extinguished.
    (AP, 3/26/04)

2004        Mar 25, A U.S. soldier died in a bombing north of Baghdad amid warnings that attacks will likely increase with fewer than 100 days left before the coalition hands over sovereignty.
    (AP, 3/25/04)

2004        Mar 26, West of Baghdad, U.S. Marines and gunmen fought an hour-long battle that left four Iraqis dead and six wounded. A U.S. Marine and an ABC freelance cameraman were killed during a bitter, hours-long firefight between American troops and Iraqi insurgents in the city of Fallujah, while 18 people died in violence elsewhere across Iraq.
    (AP, 3/26/04)(AP, 3/27/04)

2004        Mar 28, In Iraq US soldiers in the northern city of Mosul shot and killed four rebels suspected of involvement in attacks in the region. Gunmen in Mosul killed 2 British and Canadian electrical engineers. Coalition forces closed Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr's newspaper, claiming it incited anti-US violence.
    (AP, 3/29/04)(WSJ, 4/1/04, p.A10)(WSJ, 4/19/04, p.A14)

2004        Mar 30, In Iraq a suicide bombing outside the house of a police chief killed the attacker and wounded seven others. Elsewhere, a U.S. soldier died in a bomb blast, and Spanish soldiers and Iraqi police quelled a riot by jobseekers.
    (AP, 3/30/04)

2004        Mar 31, In Fallujah, Iraq, jubilant residents dragged the charred corpses of 4 American private security guards, from Blackwater Security Consulting, through the streets and hanged them from a bridge spanning the Euphrates River. 5 American soldiers died in a roadside bombing nearby. In 2011 a judge tossed a lawsuit that blamed Blackwater for the deaths of the 4 contractors.
    (AP, 3/31/04)(SFC, 4/1/04, p.A1)(SFC, 4/2/04, p.A16)<