Iraq A Return to home2000 Jan 9,
Iraqi TV reported that US and British air strikes in southern Iraq
wounded 3 people.
(SFC, 1/10/00, p.A11)
2000 Jan 26, The UN appointed
Hans Blix of Sweden to be the new weapons inspector for Iraq.
(SFC, 1/27/00, p.A12)
2000 Jan 27, The execution of
26 political prisoners at the Abu Gharib prison reportedly took
place. Another 13 political detainees were later reported to have
died there in the last 2 months from torture neglect and
(SFC, 2/19/00, p.C1)
2000 Feb 13, In Iraq top UN
official Hans von Sponeck quit in protest that sanctions were
undermining humanitarian efforts.
(SFC, 2/17/00, p.D16)
2000 Feb 15, In Iraq a 2nd UN
official, Jutta Burghardt, quit in protest that sanctions were
undermining humanitarian efforts.
(WSJ, 2/16/00, p.A1)(SFC, 2/17/00, p.D16)
2000 Feb 28, It was reported
that Iraq and Syria had established diplomatic ties that were
cut in Aug 1980 when Damascus sided with Iran just before the
(SFC, 2/28/00, p.C2)
2000 Mar 15, In Iraq US and
British warplanes hit southern targets and Iraq reported that one
civilian was killed and 6 injured.
(SFC, 3/16/00, p.A15)
2000 Mar 21, In Iraq a mortar
attack on a Baghdad apartment building killed 4 people and injured
38. Persian agents were blamed.
(SFC, 3/23/00, p.D2)
2000 Mar 24, The US agreed to
double the amount of money Iraq was allowed to spend to repair its
oil industry and lifted holds on over $100 million in equipment.
(SFC, 3/25/00, p.A10)
2000 Mar 31, The UN Security
Council decided to let Iraq spend more money to repair its oil
industry, an investment intended to boost the amount of food and
medicine Baghdad could buy through the UN humanitarian program.
(SFC, 4/1/00, p.A12)(AP, 3/31/01)
2000 Mar 28, Odai Hussein (35),
the eldest son of Saddam Hussein, won a victory in parliamentary
(SFC, 3/29/00, p.A16)
2000 Apr 4, In Iraq US and
British warplanes bombed military sites in the south and Iraqi news
reported 2 civilians killed and 2 wounded.
(SFC, 4/5/00, p.A11)
2000 Apr 6, In Iraq US and
British warplanes bombed military sites in the south and Iraqi
military reported 14 civilians killed and 19 wounded.
(SFC, 4/7/00, p.D2)
2000 May 17, In Iraq a
US-British air attack killed Omran Harbi Jawair (13), a shepherd
boy, near Toq al-Ghazalat. 4 other shepherds were injured. Some 300
Iraqis were killed and 800 wounded over the last 18 months from US
and British bombing.
(SFC, 6/23/00, p.A18)
2000 Jun 8, The UN voted
(Resolution 1302) to extend Iraq’s oil for food program. Over the
next 2 years the extensions were repeated every 180 days.
(SFC, 9/24/02, p.A12)
2000 Jun 28, In Iraq 2 UN
staffers were shot and killed in a UN building in Baghdad. Fowad
Hussein Haydar (38) was arrested in the attack which he staged to
protest int’l. sanctions.
(SFC, 6/29/00, p.A10)
2000 Jun 29, Iraq said US and
British warplanes bombed North Rumeila and killed a woman shepherd
and injured her husband.
(SFC, 6/30/00, p.A18)
2000 Jul 26, The US Navy
reported that an F-14 Tomcat jet crashed in Saudi Arabia during a
training flight. Iraqi air defense later reported that Iraqi units
had shot down a US Air Force F-14 over southern Iraq in mid July and
that the Navy report was a coverup.
(SFEC, 8/20/00, p.B16)
2000 Jul, Iraq’s 1st Internet
café opened with surfing censored.
(NW, 9/23/02, p.39)
2000 Aug 10, In Baghdad Pres.
Chavez of Venezuela held talks with Pres. Saddam Hussein in support
of upcoming oil talks in Caracas.
(SFC, 8/11/00, p.A15)
2000 Aug 11, British and US
bombers struck southern Iraq and Iraqi military reported 2 people
killed and 19 injured.
(SFC, 8/14/00, p.A12)
2000 Aug 12, British and US
bombers struck southern Iraq for a 2nd day and Iraqi military
reported 3 people injured.
(SFC, 8/14/00, p.A12)
2000 Aug 15, US warplanes
bombed air defense sites in northern Iraq.
(SFC, 8/16/00, p.A18)
2000 Aug 21, Iraq threatened to
retaliate against Turkey over airstrikes that left some 40 civilians
(WSJ, 8/22/00, p.A1)
2000 Aug 25, German
intelligence confirmed that it had discovered a secret Iraqi missile
factory near Baghdad. Some 250 technicians were reported working on
ARABIL-100 short-range missiles.
(SFC, 8/26/00, p.A9)
2000 Aug 28, Iraq charged that
311 of its citizens had been killed and 927 wounded by US and
British warplanes since the bombing campaign began in Dec 1998.
(WSJ, 8/28/00, p.A1)
2000 Aug, Iraq reopened its
(SFC, 9/23/00, p.A8)
2000 Sep 22, France allowed a
chartered aircraft with humanitarian personnel to fly to
(SFC, 9/23/00, p.A8)
2000 Sep 27, Jordan planned a
flight to Iraq regardless of clearance from the UN sanctions
(SFC, 9/27/00, p.A15)
2000 Oct 4, Tunisia flew a
plane carrying humanitarian aid and a soccer team to Iraq.
(SFC, 10/9/00, p.a10)
2000 Oct 9, Turkey became the
9th nation to send a token humanitarian flight to Iraq.
(SFC, 10/10/00, p.A13)
2000 Oct 14, A Saudi jetliner
was hijacked with over 100 people and landed in Baghdad. 2 hijackers
(SFEC, 10/15/00, p.A10)
2000 Oct, Pres. Hussein called
for volunteers for the "Jerusalem Army," a force to wrest control of
Jerusalem from Israel.
(SFC, 3/12/01, p.A12)
2000 Nov 2, A US and British
air strike in southern Iraq wounded 3 people.
(SFC, 11/3/00, p.A18)
2000 Nov 5, In Iraq passenger
flights resumed in the no-fly zones in a challenge to US and British
(SFC, 11/6/00, p.A12)
2000 Nov 8, Saudi Arabia opened
its border with Iraq and signed export contracts to nearly $600
million under exceptions to US sanctions.
(WSJ, 11/8/00, p.A1)
2000 Nov 14, In Iraq a bomb
killed 6 people in Irbil.
(SFC, 11/17/00, p.D6)
2000 Nov, Syria opened a
pipeline to Iraq’s oil that generated at least $2 per day for Saddam
(SFC, 1/23/01, p.A11)
2000 Dec 1, Iraq halted oil
production due to the UN’s refusal to authorize a new payment
arrangement for the oil-for-food program. Production was resumed
after 2 days.
(SFC, 12/4/00, p.A12)
2000 Dec 11, In Iraq Saddam
Hussein sent troops into the northern Kurdish zone. Kurds and other
non-Arab Iraqis were being displaced further north.
(WSJ, 12/12/00, p.A1)(SFC, 12/13/00, p.B6)
2000 Richard Butler, former
chief UN weapons inspector, authored "Saddam Defiant."
(SFC, 5/26/00, p.A14)
2000 Iraq began levying an
illegal surcharge of 50 cents a barrel on its oil-for-food sales in
order to create a revenue stream directly back to Baghdad
instead of the UN’s humanitarian fund.
(WSJ, 9/18/02, p.A1)
2000 The Czech Security
Information Service (BIS) learned that Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein
planned to use an anti-tank rocket to attack the US-funded Radio
Free Europe/Radio Liberty in Prague and warned Hussein that they
were aware of his plans.
2000 Ukraine’s Pres. Kuchma
authorized the sale of an advanced $100 million radar system to Iraq
in violation of UN sanctions. Evidence of the sale emerged in 2002.
(SFC, 4/16/02, p.A7)
2000 By this time Saddam
Hussein’s policy to drain the wetlands of Iraq reduced the area by
85%. Hundreds of thousands of native Madans had left leaving as few
as 20,000. After the fall of Hussein scientists reflooded the area
and by 2007 about 50% was restored. Madan residents rose to about
(WSJ, 3/21/07, p.B11)
2001 Jan 3, Iraq denied reports
that Pres. Saddam Hussein was hospitalized with a stroke following a
parade Dec 31.
(SFC, 1/4/01, p.A12)
2001 Jan 4, It was reported
that Saddam Hussein had sent moral support and distributed some 270
checks for $10,000 each to the families of Palestinians killed in
clashes with Israelis since Nov.
(SFC, 1/5/01, p.A17)
2001 Jan 7, Iraqi Kurdish
officials reported that at least 500 Turkish troops had pushed 100
miles into northern Iraq in response to a call for help from the
PUK. The PUK was fighting the PKK and had lost 200 soldiers in
recent weeks. Some 10,000 Turkish troops had entered northern Iraq
since Dec 20.
(SFC, 1/8/01, p.A9)
2001 Jan 20, The Iraqi
government said US and British warplanes killed 6 citizens in air
attacks over southern Al-Muthana province.
(SSFC, 1/21/01, p.D4)
2001 Feb 16, Two dozen US and
British aircraft bombed 5 radar and other anti-aircraft sites around
Baghdad with guided missiles. A number of new guided bombs, AGM-154A
priced from $250-700k, missed their targets.
(SFC, 2/17/01, p.A1)
2001 Feb 18, The Iraqi press
referred to Pres. Bush as "son of the snake" and "the new dwarf"
following the Feb. 16 bombing attacks.
(SFC, 2/19/01, p.A9)
2001 Apr 18, Iran launched 56
Scud missiles against an Iraq-based opposition group. At least 3
People’s Mujahideen camps were hit.
(WSJ, 4/19/01, p.A1)
2001 Apr 22, Ahmed Khalil
Ibrahim Samir al-Ani, an Iraqi diplomat, was expelled from the Czech
Republic. He was later reported to have met with Mohamed Atta and
planned an attack on Radio Free Europe. Five others were
expelled in March 2003.
(SFC, 11/10/01, p.A5)(AP, 11/30/09)
2001 Jun 1, The Bush
administration removed curbs on the sale of $800 million in goods to
Iraq. A UN oil-for-food exchange was extended for 1 month rather
than the normal 6 months. Iraq responded by saying it wouldn’t
resume oil exports.
(SFC, 6/2/01, p.A9)(WSJ, 6/4/01, p.A1)
2001 Jun 19, Iraq claimed that
23 civilians were killed when Western planes bombed a soccer field
during a match in the northern town of Tall Afar. US and Britain
denied responsibility and blamed a malfunctioning Iraqi
(WSJ, 6/21/01, p.A1)(SFC, 6/21/01, p.A12)
2001 Jun 25, In southern Iraq a
US Navy fighter jet attacked an anti-aircraft site in response to
(SFC, 6/26/01, p.C2)
2001 Jul 3, Muhammad
al-Humaimidi, a high-ranking Iraqi diplomat, asked for asylum in
(SFC, 7/4/01, p.A10)
2001 Jul 5, Iraq accepted a
5-month UN extension for the oil-for-food program.
(SFC, 7/6/01, p.D6)
2001 Aug 10, About 20 US and
British jets bombed air-defense installation south of Baghdad in
retaliation for increased anti-aircraft activity. Iraqis claimed 1
civilian was killed and 11 wounded.
(SFC, 8/11/01, p.A8)
2001 Aug 14, US warplanes
attacked an Iraqi air defense system modernized with fiber optics by
(WSJ, 8/15/01, p.A1)
2001 Aug 27, An unmanned US
reconnaissance aircraft, Predator, was reported shot down over
southern Iraq near Basra. In northern Iraq US planes attacked a
missile and Iraq claimed 1 civilian was killed.
(SFC, 8/28/01, p.A7)(WSJ, 8/28/01, p.A1)
2001 Aug 30, US warplanes
bombed an Iraqi radar site near Basra’s airport.
(WSJ, 8/31/01, p.A1)
2001 Sep 10, Iraq said it shot
down a 2nd US spy plane. The US reported an unmanned plane missing.
(SFC, 9/12/01, p.C3)
2001 Sep 27, US and British
warplanes struck 2 artillery sites in Iraq’s southern no-fly zone.
(SFC, 9/28/01, p.D6)
2001 Oct 10, An unmanned US spy
plane was lost over southern Iraq, the 3rd since Aug 27.
(WSJ, 10/11/01, p.A1)
2001 Oct 24, A Greek captain
provided the UN Security Council with a letter that admitted the
illegal export of 500,000 barrels of Iraqi crude oil during 2 trips
in May and August.
(SFC, 10/26/01, p.D4)
2001 Oct 25, Ismat Kittani,
Iraqi diplomat, died at age 71. He served in the UN under 5
secretaries-general and was president of the 36th UN General
Assembly from 1981-1982.
(SFC, 10/26/01, p.D7)
2001 Oct, Mohammad F. Abdul
Razak, the 1st secretary at the Iraqi Embassy in Romania, was asked
to leave for unsavory practices.
(WSJ, 12/20/01, p.A12)
2001 Nov 17, Two US sailors,
Benjamin Johnson and Vincent Parker, were missing after the oil
tanker Samra sank in the northern Persian Gulf. The ship was
suspected of smuggling Iraqi oil.
(SFC, 11/19/01, p.A14)(SSFC, 11/25/01, p.A20)
2001 Nov 29, The UN Security
Council extended for 6 months the sanctions program that let Iraq
sell some oil to buy civilian goods. The US and Russia agreed to
overhaul the program before the next vote.
(WSJ, 11/30/01, p.A1)
2001 Dec 20, It was reported
that Adnan Ihsan Saeed al-Haideri, a defector from Iraq, said he
worked on renovations of secret facilities for biological, chemical
and nuclear weapons in Iraq before fleeing a year ago.
(SFC, 12/20/01, p.A5)
2001 Dec, Oscar Wyatt (81),
chairman of Coastal Corp., agreed to a surcharge of about $200,000
to be paid to bank account in Jordan controlled by officials of
Iraq’s State Oil Marketing Organization. This was in violation of
the UN’s oil-for-food program. Wyatt was arrested in 2005 at his
home in Houston. In 2007 Wyatt was sentenced to over a year in jail
after admitting approval of the surcharge.
(SFC, 10/22/05, p.A3)(WSJ, 11/28/07, p.B10)
2001 Saddam Hussein authored
the novel "Zabibah and the King." It was released as a "novel by its
author." A rape scene was set on Jan 17, 1991, the bombing of
Baghdad during Operation Desert Storm.
(SSFC, 6/23/02, p.D2)
2001 Saddam Hussein built the
Hussein Al-Majid Mosque in Tikrit over the grave of his father.
(SFC, 1/10/04, p.A10)
2001 Ansar al-Islam, blamed for
attacks in Iraq and supported by a network of members in Europe, was
founded in late 2001 in Kurdish part of northern Iraq by Mullah
Krekar, who had lived as refugee in Norway since 1991.
2002 Jan 4, The WSJ quoted Ali
K. Shukri, retired Jordanian general: a strike on Iraq "is not a
question of whether it’s going to happen, but when—and it is
coming." Action in the Spring was suggested.
(WSJ, 1/4/02, p.A6)
2002 Jan 5, It was reported
that funds for the Iraqi National Congress (INC), the leading
opposition group to Saddam Hussein, were suspended due to accounting
(SFC, 1/5/02, p.15)
2002 Jan 27, Iran’s Pres.
Khatami met with Iraqi Foreign Minister Naji Sabri in Tehran as part
of an effort to restore ties.
(SFC, 2/1/02, p.A18)
2002 Jan 27, Iraq admitted an
int’l. nuclear-inspection team (IAEA) on a 4-day mission to a site
(WSJ, 1/28/02, p.A1)
2002 Jan 29, Pres. Bush made
his 1st State of the Union address and declared that the "war
against terror is only beginning." Bush singled out Iran, Iraq and
North Korea as an "axis of evil."
(SFC, 1/30/02, p.A1)(SFC, 1/31/02, p.A1)
2002 Feb 12, Sec. of State
Colin Powell said the Bush administration was considering a variety
of options to topple Iraq’s Saddam Hussein.
(SFC, 2/12/02, p.A17)
2002 Mar 11, It was reported
that the US CIA and State Dept. was interviewing former Iraqi
generals for a possible overthrow of Saddam Hussein.
(SFC, 3/12/02, p.A12)
2002 Mar 13, Pres. Mubarek of
Egypt said he would press Iraq to readmit UN weapons inspectors and
had received indications of agreement.
(SFC, 3/14/02, p.A6)
2002 Mar 29, Iraq expressed
interest in resuming relations with Kuwait.
(SFC, 3/30/02, p.A11)
2002 Apr 4, It was reported
that Saddam Hussein of Iraq had raised financial payments to the
relatives of suicide bombers from $10k to $25k.
(SFC, 4/4/02, p.A10)
2002 Apr 4, Pres. Bush
responded to British TV journalist Trevor McDonald’s question "Have
you made up your mind that Iraq must be attacked?" by saying: "I
made up my mind that Hussein needs to go."
(SFC, 6/15/02, p.A13)
2002 Apr 7, Saddam Hussein
pledged to defeat the US if attacked and promised to continue
supplying Palestinians to defend against Israel.
(SFC, 4/8/02, p.A9)
2002 Apr 7, Pres. Bush ended
weekend talks with Britain’s PM Tony Blair in Texas. Blair said he
would back a US military action against Iraq.
(SFC, 4/8/02, p.A9)
2002 May 2, A report on Iraq’s
oil sales showed that illegal surcharges allowed Iraq to siphon off
large amounts for its war chest.
(WSJ, 5/2/02, p.A1)
2002 May 5, Iraq voted to
resume oil exports.
(SFC, 5/6/02, p.A3)
2002 May 14, The UN Security
Council revamped its sanctions against Iraq in order to ease the
delivery of civilian goods and tighten controls on military items.
(SFC, 5/15/02, p.A12)
2002 Jun 9, Iraq and Qatar
signed a free-trade agreement to drop customs duties and ease the
flow of goods between the two Arab countries, further mending
relations damaged by the 1990-91 Gulf War.
2002 Jun 16, The Bush
administration revealed a secret plan to for the CIA to undermine
and possibly kill Iraqi Pres. Saddam Hussein. [see Apr 4]
(SFC, 6/17/02, p.A1)
2002 Jul 4, American warplanes
bombed an Iraqi air defense system after coming under attack from
Iraqi anti-aircraft artillery.
2002 Jul 6, Nation of Islam
leader Louis Farrakhan arrived in Baghdad for a two-day visit
Saturday to discuss steps that could be taken to avert a possible
U.S. military campaign against Iraq.
2002 Jul 13, In southern
Iraq 7 civilians were reported injured in U.S. air raids.
2002 Jul 19, US and British
warplanes destroyed a military communications facility in southern
Iraq. Iraq said the strike killed 5 people including a couple and
(SFC, 7/20/02, p.A11)
2002 Jul 21, In Iraq executions
of 15 political dissidents took place in the Abu Ghraib prison, west
of Baghdad, and the bodies were buried at night in a mass grave at
al-Karkh cemetery in Baghdad. The Iraqi opposition group Center for
Human Rights reported this Sep 30.
2002 Jul 23, A memo from 10
Downing St. described an earlier meeting of Sir Richard Dearlove,
head of British Intelligence, with US officials in Washington in
which he noted a shift in attitude in the Bush administration, which
saw military action as inevitable in Iraq and that it would be
justified by the conjunction of terrorism and WMD. The memo became
public in 2005.
(SFC, 7/4/05, p.B6)
2002 Jul 28, Aircraft from
U.S.-British air patrols over southern Iraq bombed an Iraqi
communications site, the sixth strike this month in retaliation for
what the Pentagon says were hostile actions by Iraq.
2002 Jul, Alexander Downer,
Australia’s foreign minister, accused Saddam Hussein of developing
weapons of mass destruction. Iraq soon after announced that it would
cut its wheat purchases from Australia. Directors of AWB,
Australia's wheat exporter, flew to Iraq and struck a new deal for
(Econ, 1/28/06, p.42)
2002 Aug 1, Opponents of Iraqi
leader Saddam Hussein shot and wounded his younger son, Qusai (35),
in an assassination attempt in Baghdad. The Iraqi National Congress
opposition group reported the event 2 weeks later.
2002 Aug 2, Facing an
increasing possibility of U.S. military action, Iraq gave the first
solid indication in nearly four years that it will allow U.N.
weapons inspectors to return and invited the chief inspector to
Baghdad for talks.
2002 Aug 8, Saddam Hussein
organized a big military parade and then warned "the forces of evil"
not to attack Iraq as he sought once more to shift the debate away
from world demands that he live up to agreements that ended the Gulf
2002 Aug 12, Iraq's information
minister, Mohammed Saeed al-Sahhaf told the Arabic satellite
television station Al-Jazeera that there was no need for U.N.
weapons inspectors to return to Baghdad and branded as a "lie"
allegations that Saddam Hussein still had weapons of mass
2002 Aug 14, Aircraft from the
U.S.-British coalition patrolling southern Iraq bombed two Iraqi air
2002 Aug 16, Russia and Iraqi
officials planned to sign a 5-year $40 billion economic cooperation
(SFC, 8/17/02, p.A1)
2002 Aug 16, Sabri al-Banna,
aka Abu Nidal (65), Palestinian guerrilla commander and head of the
Fatah-Revolutionary Council, died from gunshot wounds in his Baghdad
home. Iraqi officials said he killed himself.
(Reuters, 8/19/02)(WSJ, 8/20/02, p.A18)(AP,
2002 Aug 20, In Germany 5
members of the Iraqi Opposition of Germany took over the Iraqi
embassy for 5 hours to protest against Saddam Hussein.
(SFC, 8/20/02, p.A7)
2002 Aug 23, U.S. warplanes
bombed an air defense site in northern Iraq after being targeted by
an Iraqi missile guidance radar system.
2002 Aug 25, Iraq said US and
British bombing killed 8 people near Basra. A U.S.-British air raid
in southern Iraq destroyed a major military surveillance site that
monitors American troops in the Persian Gulf
(WSJ, 8/26/02, p.A1)(AP, 8/27/02)
2002 Aug 26, US VP Cheney said
that there is "no doubt" that Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein is
amassing weapons of mass destruction for use against America and its
(SFC, 8/27/02, p.A1)
2002 Aug 30, For the 6th time
in a week, coalition aircraft bombed an Iraqi defense facility in
one of the no-fly zones patrolled by U.S. and British pilots.
2002 Sep 1, Secretary of State
Colin Powell said the US should first seek a return of U.N. weapons
inspectors to Iraq before taking any further steps.
2002 Sep 2, Russia urged Iraq
to admit U.N. weapons inspectors to avoid a war that could
jeopardize multibillion-dollar economic deals between the trading
2002 Sep 3, Iraq said it was
ready to discuss a return of U.N. weapons inspectors, but only in a
broader context of ending sanctions and restoring Iraqi sovereignty
over all its territory.
2002 Sep 5, The U.S. military
stated that American and British planes attacked an air defense
command and control facility at a military airfield 240 miles
southwest of Baghdad.
2002 Sep 7, Pres. Bush met with
British PM Tony Blair at Camp David, Md., to work out a strategy for
taking action against Iraq’s Saddam Hussein.
(SSFC, 9/8/02, p.A3)
2002 Sep 9, Allied aircraft
struck Iraq for the third time in a week, bombing a military
facility southeast of Baghdad.
2002 Sep 12, Pres. Bush
addressed the UN and laid out his case against Iraq’s Pres. Saddam
Hussein. Bush was expected to announce US plans to rejoin Unesco,
headquartered in Paris. France favored a demand for weapons
inspectors in Iraq along with force if Iraq resisted.
(WSJ, 9/12/02, p.A1,4)(SFC, 9/13/02, p.A1)
2002 Sep 13, Iraq will pay up
to $5,000 each to Palestinians whose home is demolished in the
Israeli campaign against suspected militants, a pro-Iraqi group said
Friday, hinting also that Iraq is supplying weapons to the
2002 Sep 13, A top Iraqi
official said Baghdad opposes the return of U.N. weapons inspectors
and President Bush’s speech to the United Nations was "full of
lies." Iraq will attack Israel if it takes part in a U.S. strike
against President Hussein’s government, an Iraqi minister said in
2002 Sep 13, Foreign ministers
of the U.N. Security Council’s permanent five nations said that
Iraq’s refusal to obey past U.N. resolutions "is a serious matter
and that Iraq must comply." Russia, Europe and key Arab states piled
pressure on Iraq on Friday to readmit U.N. weapons inspectors to
avert possible U.S.-led military action.
(AP, 9/13/02)(Reuters, 9/13/02)
2002 Sep 15, U.S. and British
warplanes bombed Iraqi installations in the southern no-fly zone.
Major air defense sites were being targeted.
(AP, 9/15/02)(SFC, 9/17/02, p.A12)
2002 Sep 15, At least 5 Iraqi
agents graduated from a 2-week course in surveillance techniques at
the "Special Training Center" in Moscow.
(SSFC, 4/13/03, p.A1)
2002 Sep 16, Iraq said it would
allow UN weapons inspectors unconditional access to suspected
weapons sites. Naji Sabri, Iraq’s minister of foreign affairs,
addressed the letter to UN Sec. Gen. Kofi Annan. The inspection
commission, headed by Hans Blix, is responsible for overseeing the
destruction of Iraq’s chemical and biological weapons and the
long-range missiles to deliver them. Core staff: 63 people from 17
(SFC, 9/17/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 9/17/02, p.A3)(AP,
2002 Sep 17, Weapons inspectors
and Iraqi officials agreed to meet in Vienna in 10 days to complete
arrangements for the inspectors’ return. The UN said Iraq had
abandoned its illegal surcharges in the oil-for-food program.
(AP, 9/17/02)(WSJ, 9/18/02, p.A1)
2002 Sep 21, Iraq rejected U.S.
efforts to secure a U.N. resolution threatening war, with Iraqi
state-run radio announcing Baghdad will not abide by unfavorable new
resolutions adopted by the U.N. Security Council.
2002 Sep 24, Iraq dismissed a
British government report that said Saddam Hussein is pursuing
chemical, biological and nuclear weapons.
2002 Sep 24, Allied aircraft
struck Iraqi air defense facilities again in a double strike at two
southeastern installations. Precision-guided weapons were aimed at a
radar facility near Al Amarah about 165 miles southeast of Baghdad
and a defense communications facility at Tallil, about 170 miles
southeast of the capital.
2002 Sep 27, Three U.S.
lawmakers, all Democrats, arrived in Baghdad to gauge the possible
effects of war on ordinary Iraqi citizens. The visit by Rep. Jim
McDermott of Washington and fellow House Democrats David Bonior of
Michigan and Mike Thompson of California followed a Sept. 14 visit
by a delegation led by Rep. Nick Rahall, a West Virginia Democrat.
2002 Sep 28, Iraq rejected a
U.S.-British plan for the United Nations to force President Saddam
Hussein to disarm and open his palaces for weapons searches.
2002 Sep 28, U.S. jets raided
the Basra civilian airport for the second time inside a week,
targeting its radar systems and the passenger terminals.
2002 Oct 1, Allied aircraft
launched an airstrike in the southern no-fly zone over Iraq after
Iraqi aircraft penetrated the restricted area. Iraq agreed to a plan
for the return of UN weapons inspectors for the first time in nearly
four years, but ignored US demands for access to Saddam Hussein's
palaces and other contested sites. Iraq said it expected an advance
party in Baghdad in two weeks.
(AP, 10/1/07)(AP, 10/2/02)
2002 Oct 2, Iraq said it would
not accept any new U.N. resolution to cover the operations of arms
inspectors on its soil and vowed it would hit back hard against any
U.S. attack on Baghdad.
2002 Oct 4, Hans Blix, UN
weapons inspector, endorsed a US demand that Iraq make a full
declaration of its weapons program before inspections resume.
(SFC, 10/5/02, p.A7)
2002 Oct 7, In a somber address
to the nation to support his action against Iraq, President Bush
labeled Saddam Hussein a "homicidal dictator" and said the threat
from Iraq was unique and imminent: "We refuse to live in fear."
(SFC, 10/8/02, p.A1)(AP, 10/7/03)
2002 Oct 10, Allied planes
bombed radar and missile sites in the southern no-fly zone over
Iraq, targeting President Saddam Hussein’s air defenses for the
third time this week.
2002 Oct 10, The US Congress
gave Pres. Bush authorization to use armed forces against Iraq. The
House voted 296-133 in favor.
(SFC, 10/11/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/11/02, p.A1)
2002 Oct 15, In Iraq Saddam
Hussein won the presidential referendum for another 7-year term. He
claimed a 100% victory the next day.
(SFC, 10/16/02, p.A9)
2002 Oct 15, Allied planes
bombed a military command facility in the southern no-fly zone over
Iraq after taking fire from Iraqi forces.
2002 Oct 16, The US offered a
compromise proposal at the UN that called for serious consequences
if Iraq does not comply with weapons inspections.
(SFC, 10/17/02, p.A1)
2002 Oct 16, President Bush
signed a congressional resolution authorizing war against Iraq.
2002 Oct 18, Five trucks
carrying looted Kuwaiti archives left the Iraqi capital, bound for
2002 Oct 20, In Iraq President
Saddam Hussein issued an amnesty to all political prisoners and
exiles to mark his perfect 100 percent uncontested election.
2002 Oct 21, President Bush
said he would try diplomacy "one more time," but did not think
Saddam Hussein would disarm, even if doing so would allow the Iraqi
president to remain in power.
2002 Oct 22, Allied planes
bombed a military air defense site in the northern no-fly zone over
Iraq after taking fire from Iraqi forces.
2002 Oct 23, Allied planes
bombed two military air defense sites in the southern no-fly zone
over Iraq in the third round of strikes in a week.
2002 Oct 24, In Iraq officials
told many foreign journalists to leave due to coverage of recent
(SFC, 10/25/02, p.A3)
2002 Oct 30, Allied warplanes
bombed Iraqi defense systems in the northern no-fly zone over Iraq
after being fired upon during routine patrols.
2002 Nov 2, Pres. Bush called
Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein a "dangerous man" with links to
terrorist networks, and said that UN inspections for weapons of mass
destruction were critical.
2002 Nov 8, The UN Security
Council unanimously approved a tough new Iraq resolution, aimed at
forcing Saddam Hussein to disarm or face "serious consequences."
Iraq has until Nov. 15 to accept its terms and pledge to comply.
Iraq has until Dec. 8 to provide weapons inspectors and the Security
Council with a complete declaration of all aspects of its chemical,
biological and nuclear programs. Weapons inspectors have until Dec.
23 to resume their work in Iraq. Weapons inspectors are to report to
the Security Council 60 days after the start of their work. If
inspectors resume their work on Dec. 23, the latest they would be
able to report to the council would be Feb. 21, 2003.
2002 Nov 8, Pres. Bush said the
new UN Resolution 1441 presented the Iraqi regime "with a final
2002 Nov 10, U.S. warplanes
flying from an aircraft carrier in the Gulf struck missile sites in
southern Iraq in response to hostile acts.
2002 Nov 11, Iraqi lawmakers
denounced a new UN resolution on weapons inspections as dishonest,
provocative and worthy of rejection. But the Iraqi parliament said
it ultimately would trust whatever President Saddam Hussein decided.
2002 Nov 13, Iraq accepted a
tough new U.N. resolution that will return U.N. weapons inspectors
to the country after nearly four years.
2002 Nov 15, US aircraft
exchanged fire with Iraqi ground forces near An Najaf, about 85
miles south of Baghdad.
(SFC, 11/16/02, p.A6)
2002 Nov 16, In an open letter
to the Iraqi Parliament, Pres. Saddam Hussein said he had no choice
but to accept a tough new UN weapons inspection resolution because
the US and Israel had shown their "claws and teeth" and declared
unilateral war on the Iraqi people.
2002 Nov 18, UN inspectors
returned to Iraq after a 4-year hiatus to resume the search for
weapons of mass destruction.
2002 Nov 21, The 19 NATO
leaders demanded that Iraq "fully and immediately" comply with a UN
resolution to disarm. It was at the NATO Summit in Prague that
the NATO Response Force initiative was announced together with the
other major military transformation initiatives, the Prague
Capabilities Commitment and the fundamental revision of the NATO
military command structure. The NRF concept was approved by
Ministers of Defense in June 2003 in Brussels.
2002 Nov 24, In a letter to UN
Secretary-General Kofi Annan, the Iraqi government complained that
the small print behind upcoming weapons inspections would give
Washington a pretext to attack.
2002 Nov 26, Iraqi air defense
units fired at American and British warplanes that carried out
dozens of sorties in the country.
2002 Nov 27, International arms
monitors searched a military missile-testing range and a state
factory outside Baghdad, starting a new round of inspections that
could determine the future of peace in the Middle East.
2002 Dec 3, U.N. weapons
inspectors made their first unannounced visit to one of Iraqi leader
Saddam Hussein's presidential palaces.
2002 Dec 4, Iraqi forces shot
at allied aircraft patrolling the no-fly zone and U.S. planes
retaliated by bombing part of the country’s air defense system.
2002 Dec 4, Kurdish militiamen
of the PUK battled Islamic militants (Ansar al-Islam) believed to be
linked to al-Qaida in northern Iraq, and as many as 30 militiamen
were killed or wounded.
(AP, 12/4/02)(SFC, 12/6/02, p.A18)
2002 Dec 7, The Iraqi
government presented to the rest of the world a 12,000 page
declaration detailing its nuclear, chemical and biological
activities and formally declaring to the UN that it has no weapons
of mass destruction. Saddam Hussein grudgingly apologized to
Kuwaitis for invading their country in 1990.
(AP, 12/7/02)(SSFC, 12/8/02, p.A1)
2002 Dec 8, Iraq's massive
dossier detailing its chemical, biological and nuclear programs
arrived in New York; the U.N. Security Council agreed to give full
copies to the United States and the four other permanent council
members — Britain, France, Russia and China.
2002 Dec 9, The United States
received a copy Monday of Saddam Hussein’s massive arms declaration
as inspectors began combing the dossier for clues about whether Iraq
is free of weapons of mass destruction.
2002 Dec 10, A U.S. F-16
fighter bombed an Iraqi surface-to-air missile system after Iraq
moved it deep into the southern no-fly zone.
2002 Dec 17, Iraqi exiles in
London declared they want to build a "new Iraq" and agreed on a
power-sharing plan that for the first time recognizes the political
clout of Shiite Muslims, a majority in a nation long controlled by
Sunni Muslims such as Saddam Hussein. Some delegates walked out of
the London meeting warning of possible civil war if they were
sidelined in any new government.
(AP, 12/17/02)(Reuters, 12/17/02)
2002 Dec 17, Mohammed Jawad
allegedly attacked US troops with a grenade. He was arrested and
later transferred to Guantanamo Bay. US authorities claimed he was
at least 16-years old at the time of his arrest, but it later
emerged he may have been as young as 12.
2002 Dec 19, U.N. weapons
inspectors reported that Iraq’s new arms declaration contained
inconsistencies and contradictions and didn’t answer key questions
about its nuclear, chemical and biological programs.
2002 Dec 19, US Secretary of
State Colin Powell declared Iraq in "material breach" of a U.N.
2002 Dec 20, U.N. weapons
inspectors put Iraq on notice that it must provide far more evidence
about its weapons of mass destruction. Chief U.N. weapons inspector
Hans Blix urged the United States and Britain to hand over any
evidence they have about Iraq’s secret weapons programs so U.N.
inspectors can check it on the ground. The US began sharing
sensitive information with the UN.
(AP, 12/20/02)(AP, 12/21/02)(SFC, 12/21/02, p.A7)
2002 Dec 20, U.S. jets fired on
two Iraqi air defense sites in the southern no-fly zone after an
Iraqi jet entered the restricted air space.
2002 Dec 23, Iraqi aircraft
shot down a U.S. unmanned surveillance drone over southern Iraq.
2002 Dec 24, Saddam Hussein
said in an address read on television that Iraqis were ready to
fight a holy war against the United States.
2002 Dec 24, Israeli PM Sharon
said Saddam Hussein had transferred chemical and biological weapons
(SFC, 12/25/02, p.A16)
2002 Dec 28, Iraq delivered a
list to UN officials naming over 500 scientists who have worked on
nuclear, chemical, biological and missile programs.
2002 Dec 30, British and US
warplanes flying multiple missions attacked Iraq air defense
facilities after an Iraqi fighter jet penetrated the southern no-fly
2002 Dec 30, The UN passed a
resolution by a 13-0 vote with Russia and Syria abstaining that put
new limits on Iraq for purchases of certain communications equipment
2002 Curt Coughlin authored
"Saddam: King of Terror."
(SSFC, 11/24/02, p.M1)
2002 Saddam Hussein authored a
2nd novel "The Impregnable Fortress." 2 million copies were printed
and his son Udai ordered 250,000 copies.
(SSFC, 6/23/02, p.D2)
2002 Sandra Mackey authored
"The Reckoning: Iraq and the Legacy of Saddam Hussein."
(SSFC, 6/30/02, p.M1)
2002 Kenneth M. Pollack
authored "The Threatening Storm: The Case for Invading Iraq."
(WSJ, 10/10/02, p.D10)
2002 The US opened formal
contacts with Daawa leader Ibrahim al Jaafari after clearing him in
(WSJ, 4/28/05, p.A1
2003 Jan 1, U.S. and British
warplanes attacked an Iraqi mobile radar system after it entered the
southern no-fly zone.
2003 Jan 6, U.S. warplanes
bombed two Iraqi anti-aircraft radars that threatened pilots
patrolling the southern no-fly zone.
2003 Jan 6, Iraqi President
Saddam Hussein accused U.N. inspectors of engaging in "intelligence
work" instead of searching for suspected nuclear, chemical and
biological weapons in his country.
2003 Jan 6, Thousands of
Marines, sailors and soldiers headed for the Persian Gulf region,
shipping out from California, Georgia and Maryland as the buildup
for a possible war with Iraq accelerated sharply.
2003 Jan 9, UN weapons
inspectors said there's no "smoking gun" to prove Iraq has nuclear,
chemical or biological weapons, but they demanded that Baghdad
provide private access to scientists and fresh evidence to back its
claim that it had destroyed its weapons of mass destruction.
2003 Jan 10, The European Union
proposed a diplomatic initiative to avoid war against Iraq and
increased pressure on Washington to pursue a peaceful solution to
the crisis over Iraq’s arms programs.
2003 Jan 10, Iraq blocked all
e-mail services following a batch of messages from disguised US
agencies urging dissent and military defections. Some service was
restored the next day.
(SSFC, 1/12/03, p.A14)
2003 Jan 13, US warplanes
struck an anti-ship missile launcher in southern Iraq. US planes
also dropped leaflets over An Najaf, about 85 miles southeast of
Baghdad. It was the 14th drop in 3 months.
2003 Jan 13, U.N. inspectors
took their hunt for banned arms to science and technology colleges
in Baghdad, and the top nuclear inspector said his teams’ mission
would take several more months.
2003 Jan 13, It was reported
that Iraq has experienced a dramatic increase in child cancers in
recent years. Blame was cast on the US use of depleted uranium
during the 1991 Gulf War.
(SFC, 1/13/03, p.A1)
2003 Jan 17, On the 12th
anniversary of the Gulf War, a defiant Saddam Hussein called on his
people to rise up and defend the nation against a new U.S.-led
2003 Jan 17, Iraq and Russia
signed three oil agreements for exploration and development of oil
fields in southern and western Iraq.
2003 Jan 18, UN officials
warned Iraq it was running out of time to cooperate and avoid war.
2003 Jan 19, Hans Blix
and Mohamed El Baradei, the chief U.N. arms inspectors, sat down for
urgent talks with Iraqi officials.
2003 Jan 19, Syria and Iran
support Turkey’s proposal for a regional summit to seek a peaceful
way out of the Iraq standoff. Turkey has offered to hold the summit
where Egypt, Iran, Jordan, Saudi Arabia and Syria would discuss the
standoff over Iraq.
2003 Jan 20, The chief U.N.
arms inspectors and Iraqi officials agreed on practical steps to
greater Iraqi cooperation in the U.N. disarmament program, including
Baghdad’s encouragement of weapons scientists to submit to private
2003 Jan 22, France and Germany
joined forces to prevent any U.S.-led war on Iraq.
2003 Jan 24, American warplanes
bombed an Iraqi air defense site, the 12th strike in the southern
flight interdiction zone this month.
2003 Jan 27, The Bush
administration moved toward a military showdown with Iraq and
suggested a decision could come as early as next week after UN
inspectors credited Iraq with only limited cooperation in the search
for weapons. Meanwhile, chief U.N. inspector Hans Blix charged that
Iraq had never genuinely accepted U.N. resolutions demanding its
disarmament and warned that "cooperation on substance" was necessary
for a peaceful solution.
(AP, 1/27/03)(SFC, 1/28/03, p.A1)
2003 Jan 28, Pres. Bush in his
State of the Union vowed to use the "full force and might of the
U.S. military" if needed to disarm Saddam Hussein's Iraq. Bush
pledged of $15 billion for AIDS assistance in Africa, a domestic
agenda of tax cuts, medical malpractice caps and a ban on certain
late abortions. Bush also announced a $1.2 billion hydrogen fuel
1/29/03)(WSJ, 1/29/03, p.A1)
2003 Jan 31, Top U.N. arms
inspectors said they would not agree to new talks in Baghdad unless
Iraq demonstrated more cooperation and met unspecified conditions.
2003 Jan, Pres. Bush received
classified reports from the National Intelligence Council that an
American-led invasion of Iraq would increase support for political
Islam and result in a deeply divided Iraqi society prone to violent
(SFC, 9/28/04, p.A3)
2003 Jan, In Baghdad, Iraq,
Hayder Mounthir staged his play "Where Is the Government." The
entire cast was briefly jailed after one performance. He re-staged
the play at the National Theater with a new ending in Nov.
(WSJ, 11/10/03, p.A1)
2003 Jan, An environmental
assessment on Iraq was finalized for the US government. It indicated
that Iraqis had ordered 8 million pounds of sodium dichromate, a
deadly toxin, to keep water pipes from corroding. Months later US
soldiers were sickened after they arrived at the Qarmat Ali water
treatment plant. Oregon Nat’l. Guard soldiers sued military
contractor KBR in 2009. KBR said it only knew of the presence of the
toxin July 2003.
(SFC, 4/5/12, p.A8)
2003 Feb 3, It was reported
that the US and Britain had mapped out a strategy to limit arms
inspections in Iraq to no more than 6 more weeks.
(SFC, 2/3/03, p.A1)
2003 Feb 3, A new British
report said Iraqi security agents have bugged every room and
telephone of the U.N. weapons inspectors based in Baghdad and have
hidden documents in Iraqi hospitals, mosques and homes.
2003 Feb 5, Secretary of State
Colin Powell, made his case that Iraq had defied all demands that it
disarm, presented tape recordings, satellite photos and statements
from informants that he said was "irrefutable and undeniable"
evidence that Saddam Hussein is concealing weapons of mass
(AP, 2/5/03)(SFC, 2/6/03, p.A1)
2003 Feb 8, The chief UN arms
inspectors arrived in Baghdad for a new round of crucial talks with
2003 Feb 8, In Iraq gunmen
posing as defectors from an Islamic extremist group killed
Gen. Shawkat Haji Mushir, a political leader of the Patriotic Union
of Kurdistan and two other Kurdish officials.
2003 Feb 10, Iraq agreed to
allow U-2 surveillance flights over its territory, meeting a key
demand by U.N. inspectors searching for banned weapons; President
Bush, however, brushed aside Iraqi concessions as too little, too
2003 Feb 11, A group of around
50 Western anti-war activists received visas to enter Iraq where
they plan to form "human shields." Iraq said it would allow U-2
(Reuters, 2/11/03)(SFC, 2/11/03, p.A10)
2003 Feb 13, American Special
Forces were reported to be in various parts of Iraq for what seemed
to be the initial phases of a ground war.
(SFC, 2/12/03, p.A14)
2003 Feb 14, Saddam Hussein
banned all weapons of mass destruction from Iraq, meeting a long
time U.N. demand.
2003 Feb 14, UN weapons
inspectors haven’t found any weapons of mass destruction in Iraq but
chief inspector Hans Blix said many proscribed materials remain
(AP, 2/14/03)(SFC, 2/15/03, p.A1)
2003 Feb 15, American warplanes
bombed two anti-aircraft missile sites in southern Iraq.
2003 Feb 15, Rattled by
an outpouring of anti-war sentiment, the US and Britain began
reworking a draft resolution to authorize force against Saddam
2003 Feb 15, Millions of
protesters, many of them marching in the capitals of America’s
allies, demonstrated against possible US plans to attack Iraq.
(AP, 2/15/03)(AP, 2/16/03)
2003 Feb 21, It was
reported that Iraq had recently begun shipping large quantities of
oil through its Khor al Amaya port.
(WSJ, 2/21/03, p.A1)
2003 Feb 21, Chief UN
inspector Hans Blix ordered Baghdad to begin destroying dozens of
illegal missiles and their components by March 1.
(AP, 2/22/03)(SFC, 2/22/03, A1)
2003 Feb 23, In Iraq
Saddam Hussein met separately with Russian Yevgeny Primakov and
former US attorney gen’l. Ramsay Clark. Clark said Hussein feared
that Pres. Bush had made up his mind to attack and that there was
nothing he could do to prevent it.
(SFC, 2/25/03, A10)
2003 Feb 23, The UN
Children’s Fund and Iraqi health teams began a five-day campaign to
vaccinate 4 million Iraqi children against polio.
2003 Feb 24, Dan Rather
interviewed Saddam Hussein via satellite and Hussein proposed a live
debate with Pres. Bush. Hussein said he would rather die than leave
his country and that he would not destroy its wealth by setting fire
to its oil wells in the event of a U.S.-led invasion.
(SFC, 2/25/03, A10)(AP, 2/26/03)
2003 Feb 24, Seeking U.N.
approval for war against Iraq, the United States, Britain and Spain
submitted a resolution to the Security Council declaring that Saddam
Hussein had missed "the final opportunity" to disarm peacefully and
indicating that he had to face the consequences.
(SFC, 2/25/03, A1)(AP, 2/24/04)
2003 Feb 25, Chief U.N. weapons
inspector Hans Blix said Iraq was showing new signs of real
cooperation, but President Bush was dismissive, predicting Saddam
Hussein would try to "fool the world one more time."
2003 Feb 25, Iraq
provided new information about its weapons and reported the
discovery of 2 bombs, including one possibly filled with a
2003 Feb 26, French
Prime Minister Jean-Pierre Raffarin warned that waging war against
Iraq now, would split the international community and "be perceived
as precipitous and illegitimate."
2003 Feb 27, Iraq agreed in
principle to destroy its Al Samoud Two missiles, two days before a
2003 Feb 28, Iraq agreed
to begin destroying its Al Samoud 2 missiles within 24 hours.
2003 Feb, Saddam Hussein
accepted an 11th-hour offer to flee into exile weeks ahead of the
U.S.-led invasion, but Arab League officials scuttled the proposal.
The exile initiative was spearheaded by the late president of the
United Arab Emirates, Sheik Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, at an
emergency Arab summit held in Egypt. This was not made public until
2005 when Sheik Mohammed Bin Zayed Al Nahyan, the son of Sheik
Zayed, reported it in an interview aired by Al-Arabiya TV.
2003 Mar 1, Iraq
destroyed 4 of over 100 Al Samoud 2 missiles and agreed with the UN
on a timetable to dismantle the rest of the missile program.
(AP, 3/1/03)(SSFC, 3/2/03, A1)
2003 Mar 1, Arab leaders
held a summit in Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt. The UAR became the 1st Arab
country to call for Saddam Hussein to step down.
(SSFC, 3/2/03, A8)
2003 Mar 1, Turkey's
parliament failed to approve a bill allowing in American combat
troops to open a northern front against Iraq. Lawmakers voted
264-250 in favor of stationing US troops but that was 3 votes shy of
a constitutionally mandated simple majority.
(AP, 3/2/03)(AP, 3/1/08)
2003 Mar 2, Iraq crushed
another six Al Samoud II missiles, as ordered by UN weapons
inspectors. Iraqi scientist Mahmud Faraj Bilal al-Samarrai,
implicated in Saddam Hussein's weapons of mass destruction (WMD),
surrendered to the CIA. He was freed in 2012.
(AP, 3/2/08)(AFP, 4/15/12)
2003 Mar 4, Iran called
for UN-supervised elections in neighboring Iraq and urged the
divided Iraqi opposition to reconcile with Pres. Saddam Hussein as
part of a plan aimed at averting a US-led war on Iraq.
2003 Mar 4, It was later
reported that CNN top people found out that the US war on Iraq would
begin Mar 19.
(SFC, 4/3/03, p.W2)
2003 Mar 4, In northern
Iraq Kurdish soldiers killed 5 Muslim men in a possible case of
(AP, 3/4/03)(SFC, 3/5/03, p.A10)
2003 Mar 6, President
Bush held a new conference and warned that he was prepared to go to
war soon in Iraq with or without U.N. backing.
(AP, 3/7/03)(SFC, 3/7/03, p.A1)
2003 Mar 6, Britain
offered to compromise on a US-backed resolution by giving Saddam
Hussein a short deadline to prove he has eliminated all banned
weapons or face an attack.
2003 Mar 7, Kazem
al-Sahir (41), Iraqi pop singer with over 30 million records sold,
scheduled a benefit concert at the Berkeley Community Theater. His
US tour was set to raise medical and school supplies for Iraqi
(SSFC, 3/2/03, A28)(SFC, 3/6/03, p.F1)
2003 Mar 7, The US and
its allies moved to set March 17 as the final deadline for Saddam
Hussein to prove he has given up his weapons of mass destruction.
(AP, 3/8/03)(SFC, 3/8/03, p.A1)
2003 Mar 7, Mohamed
ElBaradei, UN chief nuclear weapons inspector, expressed frustration
at the quality of US information on Iraqi weapons and charged that
some documents may have been faked.
(SFC, 3/8/03, p.A11)
2003 Mar 8, Iraq resumed
the destruction of banned Al Samoud 2 missiles after taking a day
off and called on the UN to lift sanctions after arms inspectors
gave a positive assessment of Baghdad’s cooperation. Iraq also
demanded that the UN strip Israel of weapons of mass destruction,
require withdrawal from occupied Palestinian territory and that the
UN brand the US and Britain as liars.
(AP, 3/8/03)(SSFC, 3/9/03, p.A8)
2003 Mar 8, Former US
president and Nobel Peace Prize winner Jimmy Carter condemned
preparations for a unilateral US attack on Iraq.
2003 Mar 8, Thousands of
US women staged "Code Pink" marches against a possible war with
Iraq. Some 4,000 marched near the White House.
(SSFC, 3/9/03, p.A3)
2003 Mar 8, In Romania 5
Iraqi diplomats were expelled for "activities incompatible with
their status." Last week the US expelled two U.N.-based Iraqi
diplomats and identified 300 Iraqis in 60 countries, some operating
as diplomats out of Iraqi embassies, whom it wanted expelled.
2003 Mar 9, In
Rawalpindi, Pakistan, hundreds of thousands of people protested a
possible US war with Iraq.
(SFC, 3/10/03, p.A11)
2003 Mar 10, Facing almost
certain defeat, the United States and Britain delayed a vote in the
U.N. Security Council to give Saddam Hussein an ultimatum to disarm.
2003 Mar 10, Russian
Foreign Minister Igor Ivanov warned the Kremlin would vote against
the US and British resolution that gives Saddam Hussein a March 17
deadline to disarm.
2003 Mar 11, Iraq
destroyed more Al Samoud 2 missiles raising the total destroyed to
52 of some 100.
2003 Mar 11, Kofi Annan
said military action against Iraq without support of the UN security
council would be out of conformity with the UN charter. The US and
Britain considered a short extension past March 17, but rejected a
45-day deadline back by 6 council members.
(SFC, 3/11/03, p.A1)(SFC, 3/12/03, p.A1)
2003 Mar 11, A top
Australian intelligence adviser resigned to protest the government’s
hardline policy on Iraq. Andrew Wilkie, one of its senior
intelligence analysts argued that, based on U.S. and other
intelligence information he has seen, there is currently no
justification for a war on Iraq.
2003 Mar 12, Brittain proposed
compromise language giving Saddam Hussein until Mar 17 to take 6
concrete disarmament steps.
(WSJ, 3/13/03, p.A1)
2003 Mar 15, Many thousands of
anti-war demonstrators marched in SF, Washington DC and around the
world against plans for a war with Iraq.
(SFC, 3/16/03, p.A1)(AP, 3/15/08)
2003 Mar 17, Pres. Bush gave
Saddam Hussein 48 hours to go into exile or face military onslaught.
(SFC, 3/19/03, p.A1)
2003 Mar 16, Iraqi leader
Saddam Hussein warned that if Iraq were attacked, it would take the
war anywhere in the world "wherever there is sky, land or water."
2003 Mar 17, In Denmark Nizar
Al-Khazraji, former Iraqi general, disappeared.
(WSJ, 4/9/03, p.A1)
2003 Mar 17-May 25, Iraq was
scheduled to take over as chairman of the UN disarmament
organization, but declined the position.
(SSFC, 2/9/03, p.A16)
2003 Mar 18, Some $900 million
in US bills and as much as 100 million in euros was taken from
Iraq's Central Bank by Saddam Hussein and his family. The New York
Times reported on May 5 that Saddam ordered the money taken from the
Central Bank and sent his son Qusai in the middle of the night. This
became the largest cash theft in recent history.
(AP, 5/6/03)(AP, 2/28/06)
2003 Mar 19, President Bush
ordered the start of war against Iraq. Because of the time
difference, it was early March 20 in Iraq. Operation Iraqi Freedom
began with a few US targeted strikes in Baghdad against Saddam
Hussein, targeting him personally with a barrage of cruise missiles
and bombs as a prelude to invasion. Iraq responded hours later,
firing missiles toward American troops positioned just across its
border with Kuwait. The codename for the invasion of Iraq was Cobra
II. In 2006 Michael Gordon and Bernard Trainor authored “Cobra II:
The Inside Story of the Invasion and Occupation of Iraq.
(SSFC, 3/30/03, p.W12)(AP, 3/19/04)(Econ, 4/8/06,
2003 Mar 19, It was reported
that Iraq had some 10 million land mines.
(WSJ, 3/19/03, p.A1)
2003 Mar 20, Hundreds of
thousands of people marched on American embassies in world capitals
to protest the war against Iraq.
2003 Mar 20, Operation Iraqi
Freedom began with a few targeted strikes in Baghdad against Saddam
Hussein, targeting him personally with a barrage of cruise missiles
and bombs as a prelude to invasion. Iraq responded hours later,
firing missiles toward American troops positioned just across its
border with Kuwait. US Sec. of State Rumsfeld warned that the attack
in Iraq would be "of a force and scope and scale that is beyond what
has been seen before." A "shock and awe" strategy was planned based
on a 1996 "rapid dominance" strategy. The US seized $1.74 billion in
frozen Iraqi assets and declared it would be used for humanitarian
purposes. Saddam Hussein appeared on state-run television accusing
the United States of a "shameful crime" and urging his people to
"draw your sword" against the invaders. Iraq set fire to at least 10
(SFC, 3/20/03, p.W1)(SFC, 3/21/03,
p.W11)(WSJ, 3/21/03, p.A1)(AP, 3/20/04)
2003 Mar 20, UN Sec. Gen’l.
Kofi Annan asked to be put in charge of a humanitarian program to
(SFC, 3/21/03, p.W14)
2003 Mar 20-2003 Apr 9, At
least 1,700 Iraqi civilians were killed and over 8,000 injured in
the battle for Baghdad.
(SSFC, 5/18/03, p.A1)
2003 Mar 21, In the 3rd day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom the "shock and awe" air campaign began. 2
days of US air attacks killed 4 civilians in Baghdad and left some
(SSFC, 3/23/03, p.W10)(SSFC, 3/30/03, p.W12)
2003 Mar 21, A CH-46 Sea Knight
helicopter crashed in Kuwait and killed 12 British and 4 US
soldiers. US Marines captured the strategic port in the southern
Iraqi city of Umm Qasr.
2003 Mar 22, In the 4th day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom intermittent explosions were heard
throughout the day in Baghdad and by late afternoon at least 12 huge
columns of smoke could be seen rising from all along the southern
horizon of the city. US and British forces reached half way to
Baghdad and British forces were left surrounding Basra.
(AP, 3/22/03)(SSFC, 3/23/03, p.W1)
2003 Mar 22, A 4-man ITN TV
crew drove into a war zone near Az Zubayr, Iraq, and reporter Terry
Lloyd (50) was killed. 2 men went missing and one escaped.
(WSJ, 5/2/03, p.A1)
2003 Mar 23, In the 5th day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom US-led warplanes and helicopters attacked
Republican Guard units defending Baghdad while ground troops
advanced to within 50 miles of the Iraqi capital. Pres. Bush put a
$75 billion price tag on a down payment for the war. The 507th
Maintenance Company was ambushed after it made a wrong turn into
Nasiriya; 11 soldiers were killed, seven were captured, including
Pfc. Jessica Lynch. Lori Piestewa (23) was killed, with the gruesome
distinction of being the first native American in the US army to be
killed in combat. Lynch was rescued on April 1, 2003.
(AP, 3/24/03)(SFC, 4/14/03,
2003 Mar 23, Iraqi state
television showed two men said to have been the US crew of an Apache
helicopter forced down during heavy fighting in central Iraq. Iraqi
forces captured at least 5 soldiers of an Army maintenance company.
US Central Command reported 12 missing. About 20 Americans were
captured or killed at Nasiriyah.
(AP, 3/24/03)(SFC, 3/24/03, p.W1)(WSJ, 3/24/03,
2003 Mar 23, A US bomb struck a
bus at a service area in al-Rutba, Iraq, enroute from Baghdad to
Syria. 5 people were killed.
(SFC, 3/25/03, p.W7)
2003 Mar 23, A British Royal
Air Force Tornado jet was shot down by a U.S. Patriot missile in the
first reported incident of "friendly" fire in Iraq.
2003 Mar 23, Arab nations
called for an emergency Security Council meeting to demand an end to
the US-led war against Iraq and the withdrawal of all invading
2003 Mar 24, Saddam Hussein
appeared on Iraqi TV telling his nation that "victory is soon."
(SFC, 3/24/03, p.W1)
2003 Mar 24, In the 6th day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom US forces began strikes against the Medina
Division of the Republican Guard guarding Baghdad. Hussein appeared
on Iraqi TV as coalition forces held over 3,000 prisoners. 10
Marines were killed in combat around Nasiriya.
(WSJ, 3/25/03, p.A1)(SSFC, 3/30/03, p.W12)(SSFC,
2003 Mar 25, In the 7th day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom US aircraft dropped more than 2,000
precision-guided bombs on Iraq since the war's start. The "smart"
bombs were produced for a relatively cheap $20,000 each. Sandstorms
slowed coalition movement and air missions. US officials reported
150-200 Iraqi soldiers were killed near Najaf.
(AP, 3/25/03)(SSFC, 3/30/03, p.W12)(SSFC, 5/4/03,
2003 Mar 25, Six satellite
jamming devices, which Iraq was using to try to thwart American
precision guided weapons, were destroyed in the last 2 nights.
2003 Mar 25, Some 150-500 Iraqi
fighters were killed in fighting east of Najaf.
(AP, 3/25/03)(SFC, 3/26/03, p.W1)
2003 Mar 25, Saudi Arabia
contacted the United States and Iraq with a peace proposal and was
still awaiting a response.
2003 Mar 26, In the 8th day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom Baghdad officials said two cruise missiles
hit a residential area, killing 14 people. Iraq said 36 civilians
were killed and 215 wounded in US airstrikes on Baghdad. Some 1,000
US paratroopers jumped into northern Iraq as sandstorms eased.
(AP, 3/26/03)(AP, 3/27/03)(SSFC, 3/30/03, p.W12)
2003 Mar 27, In the 9th day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom a British armored unit destroyed 14 Iraqi
tanks trying to break out of the besieged city of Basra. A sea-borne
relief operation was postponed after discovering Iraqi mines in the
shipping channel leading to the recently captured Iraqi port of Umm
Qasr. Heavy bombing on Baghdad destroyed a main telephone exchange.
(AP, 3/27/03)(SFC, 3/28/03, p.W1)
2003 Mar 27, The Bush
administration seized $1.62 billion in Iraqi assets already frozen
in the US. The money would be used to help rebuild Iraq once Saddam
Hussein is ousted.
2003 Mar 28, In the 10th day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom the biggest bombs dropped on Baghdad so far,
two 4,700-pound "bunker busters," struck a communications tower. In
the south, Iraqi fighters defending the besieged city of Basra fired
on hundreds of civilians trying to flee. The British supply ship Sir
Galahad docked at the port of Umm Qasr. The Bush administration said
fighting might not be over for months. At least 58 people were
killed in a crowded market in northwest Baghdad by what local
officials called a coalition bombing. A US pilot was heard saying
"I'm going to be sick," then "we're in jail, dude," after firing on
the British convoy in the southern Iraqi city of Basra. Lance
Corporal of Horse Matty Hull was killed by American pilots.
(AP, 3/28/03)(SFC, 3/29/03, p.W1)(AP,
2/6/07)(Econ, 2/10/07, p.58)
2003 Mar 29, In the 11th day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom a suicide bomber driving a taxi killed four
American soldiers at a checkpoint near Najaf, Iraq. US jets
destroyed a building in Basra where paramilitary fighters were
meeting and 200 were reported killed.
(AP, 3/29/03)(SSFC, 5/4/03, p.C3)
2003 Mar 29, A low-flying Iraqi
missile avoided the detection of US defense systems and landed just
off the coast of Kuwait City, shattering windows at the seaside Souq
Sharq shopping mall.
(AP, 3/29/03)(SFC, 3/29/03, p.W5)
2003 Mar 30, In the 12th day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom an Iraqi general, captured by British forces
in southern Iraq, was pressed to provide information. A British TV
correspondent covering the war in Iraq died after apparently falling
from a hotel roof.
2003 Mar 31, In the 13th day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom US-led troops fought pitched battles with
Saddam Hussein's Republican Guard within 50 miles of the capital.
B-1, B-2 and B-52 bombers struck communication and command centers
in Baghdad, and cruise missiles set Iraq's Information Ministry
ablaze. Casualties from the war to date US total: 40 dead, 7
captured, 18 missing; British total: 25 dead. Of 8,000 precision
bombs dropped since the war began, 3,000 fell in the last 3 days.
Port operations at Umm Qasr looked to be delayed for weeks.
(AP, 3/31/03)(WSJ, 4/1/03, p.A1)
2003 Mar 31, US troops between
Karbala and Najaf shot and killed 10 Iraqi civilians including women
and children, when the driver of a van failed to stop at a
checkpoint. The Pentagon reported 7 killed.
(AP, 4/1/03)(SFC, 4/1/03, p.A1)
2003 Mar 31, NBC said it
severed its relations with reporter Peter Arnett after he told Iraqi
television that the US war plan against Saddam Hussein had failed.
Arnett was quickly hired by London’s Daily Mirror.
(AP, 3/31/03)(WSJ, 4/1/03, p.B1)
2003 Mar, In 2007 British media
reported that Iran had offered to cut off aid and support for the
Lebanese Shiite militia Hezbollah and the Palestinian group Hamas,
and promised full transparency on its nuclear program in a secret
letter to the US soon after the 2003 invasion of Iraq. Iran also
offered to use its influence to support stabilization in Iraq, and
in return asked for a halt in hostile American behaviour, an
abolition of all sanctions, and the pursuit and repatriation of
members of the Mujahedeen Khalq (People's Mujahedeen MKO). Lawrence
Wilkerson, former chief of staff to Colin Powell, said: “As soon as
it got to the Vice-President's (Dick Cheney) office, the old mantra
of 'we don't talk to evil' ... reasserted itself."
2003 Mar-Apr, US warplanes
dropped firebombs similar to napalm on Iraqi troops to clear the way
for troops headed to Baghdad.
(SFC, 8/6/03, p.A3)
2003 Apr 1, In the 14th day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom American soldiers on the road to Baghdad
fought bloody street-to-street battles with militants loyal to
Saddam Hussein. The US opened the assault on Karbala. US cluster
bombs reportedly killed 11 civilians in Hilla.
(AP, 4/1/03)(WSJ, 4/2/03, p.A1)(SFC, 4/3/03,
2003 Apr 1, Pfc. Jessica Lynch
(19), part of the 507th Maintenance Company captured on Mar 23, was
rescued in a U.S. commando raid on an Iraqi hospital in Nasiriyah.
11 bodies were also recovered and 8 were identified as US personnel.
It was later reported that Iraqi troops had already left the
hospital. Later in the year Rick Bragg authored "I Am A Soldier,
Too," an account of the Lynch story. About the same time Mohammed
Odeh al-Rehaief and Jeff Coplon authored "Because Each Life Is
Precious." Rehaief, a former Iraqi lawyer, disclosed Lynch's
location to US forces and provided detailed information prior to her
(AP, 4/2/03)(SFC, 5/29/03, p.A3)(WSJ, 11/14/03,
2003 Apr 2, In the 15th day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom American forces crossed the Tigris River in
the drive toward the Iraqi capital and destroyed the Baghdad
Division of Iraq's Republican Guard. Gen. Richard Myers, chairman of
the Joint Chiefs of Staff, supported the war plan along with Defense
Sec. Donald Rumsfeld against criticism. US Marines took Numaniya, a
city of 80,000. American forces fought their way to within sight of
the Baghdad skyline; Iraqi soldiers discarded their military
uniforms by the roadside to hide their identity.
(SFC, 4/2/03, p.A1)(SFC, 4/4/03, p.W1)(AP,
2003 Apr 2, Saddam Hussein
declared that "victory is at hand," and issued a new statement
urging Iraqis to fight on and defend their towns according to a
broadcast on Iraqi satellite television.
2003 Apr 2, In Iraq a US B-52
bomber dropped 2 new CBU-105 bombs, made by Textron Defense Systems,
on the first 30 vehicles of an Iraqi armored convoy approaching a
small American reconnaissance unit. The bombs each released 10
submunitions, each of which ejected 4 disks that used infra-red
scanners to locate the vehicles. Soldiers in the remaining 70
vehicles surrendered immediately.
(Econ, 1/30/10, p.88)
2003 Apr 2, A Navy F/A-18C
Hornet after his fighter jet went down during a bombing run over
Karbala. In 2004 it was reported that the jet was shot down by an
Army Patriot missile. 7 US Army soldiers were killed when their
Black Hawk helicopter was shot down.
(AP, 4/3/03)(SFC, 4/3/03, p.A1)(SFC, 12/11/04,
2003 Apr 2, Polish troops
fighting with the US-led coalition in Iraq reported encountering
many Iraqi combatants in civilian clothes.
2003 Apr 3, In the 16th day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom US Marines and infantry moved with
surprising speed toward Baghdad. Central Command said there was
"increasing evidence" that Saddam Hussein's regime had lost control
of its fighting forces. US troop casualty totaled: 51 dead, 16
missing and 7 captured. A power blackout in Baghdad coincided with
heavy artillery fire. US forces attacked Saddam Int'l. Airport.
(AP, 4/3/03)(SFC, 4/4/03, p.W1)(SSFC, 5/4/03,
2003 Apr 3, A car exploded at a
US checkpoint in western Iraq, killing 3 coalition soldiers, a
pregnant woman and the car's driver. Banditry and plundering were
reported across the countryside. Atlantic magazine editor Michael
Kelly (46), became the first American journalist to be killed while
covering the war when his Army Humvee came under fire and rolled
into a canal.
(WSJ, 4/3/03, p.A1)(AP, 4/4/03)(AP, 4/3/08)
2003 Apr 4, On the 17th day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom thousands of Iraqis fled Baghdad as US
forces seized the international airport to the west and armored
convoys pressed in from the south. Army Sgt. 1st Class Paul Ray
Smith was killed in the battle. In 2005 Pres. Bush awarded him the
1st US Medal of Honor of the Iraq campaign. A Marine unit found
concentrations of cyanide and mustard-gas agents in the Euphrates
River near Nasiriyah.
(AP, 4/4/03)(SFC, 4/5/05, p.A3)(WSJ, 4/7/03,
2003 Apr 4, Peter Arnett, fired
by NBC earlier this week for giving an interview to state-run Iraqi
television, began reporting for pan-Arab satellite channel
Al-Arabiya. Atlantic Monthly journalist Michael Kelley was killed in
a humvee accident near Baghdad.
(AP, 4/5/03)(SSFC, 5/4/03, p.C3)
2003 Apr 5, In the 18th day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom US 3rd Infantry troops entered Baghdad for
the first time. Coalition troops took several objectives surrounding
the capital in the north and northwest. US warplanes hit Iraqi
positions near the commercial center of Mosul. Up to 3,000 Iraqi
fighters were killed as American armored vehicles moved into
(AP, 4/5/03)(AP, 4/6/03)(SSFC, 4/6/03, p.A1)
2003 Apr 5, Ali Hassan al-Majid
(king of spades), Saddam Hussein’s 1st cousin and dubbed "Chemical
Ali" by opponents for ordering a 1988 poison gas attack that killed
thousands of Kurds, was reported killed by an airstrike on his house
in Basra. Majid was captured in August.
(AP, 4/7/03)(SFC, 4/26/03, A14)(AP, 8/21/03)
2003 Apr 6, In the 19th day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom 18 Kurdish fighters were killed and 45
wounded in northern Iraq when a US warplane mistakenly bombed a
convoy. The 1st US transport plane landed at Baghdad Airport. US
forces near Baghdad reportedly found a weapons cache of around 20
medium-range Rockets, BM-21 missiles, equipped with sarin and
mustard gas and "ready to fire." David Bloom (39), NBC
correspondent, died of a pulmonary embolism south of Baghdad. Ahmed
Chalabi, Iraqi exile leader, was airlifted by the US along with 700
"freedom fighters" to southern Iraq to join coalition troops and
form the nucleus of a new national army.
(AP, 4/6/03)(SFC, 4/7/03, p.A1)(WSJ, 4/7/03,
p.A1)(WSJ, 4/8/03, p.A10)(AP, 4/6/08)
2003 Apr 6, The Int'l Committee
of the Red Cross said the number of casualties in Baghdad was so
high that hospitals have stopped counting the number of people
treated. A convoy of Russian diplomats, including the ambassador,
came under fire as the group was evacuating Baghdad. British forces
made their deepest push into Basra, Iraq's second-largest city.
(AP, 4/6/03)(AP, 4/6/08)
2003 Apr 7, In the 20th day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom US forces in tanks and armored vehicles
stormed into the center of Baghdad, seizing Saddam Hussein's Sijood
and Republican palaces. As many as 5 marines were killed. Many
Iraqis died in constant suicidal attacks. It was later speculated
that the US and the Baath regime arranged a secret deal (safqua) to
hand over Baghdad.
(AP, 4/7/03)(SFC, 4/7/03, p.A1)(WSJ, 4/8/03,
p.A1)(SSFC, 4/20/03, p.D3)
2003 Apr 7, A US warplane
dropped 4 precision-guided 2,000-pound JDAMs and left a smoking
crater 60 feet deep in the upscale al-Mansour section of western
Baghdad, where Saddam Hussein was believed to have been in a meeting
with top officials.
(AP, 4/8/03)(SFC, 4/8/03, p.A1)
2003 Apr 7, Capt. Harry
Alexander Hornbuckle on the road to Baghdad led 80 US soldiers
against 300 Iraqi and Syrian fighters. 200 enemy were killed with no
(WSJ, 11/11/03, p.A1)
2003 Apr 7, Ahmad Chalabi, head
of the exiled Iraqi National Congress, returned to Iraq.
(SSFC, 5/4/03, p.C3)
2003 Apr 8, In the 21st day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom George W. Bush and Tony Blair met in
Northern Ireland and endorsed a "vital role" for the United Nations
when fighting ends in Iraq.
2003 Apr 8, In Iraq 2 cameramen
and one other journalist were killed and at least 3 others wounded
when an American tank hit the Hotel Palestine where they were
staying. An Al-Jazeera journalist was killed by US fire. In 2005 a
Spanish judge issued an arrest warrant for the 3-member US tank
crew, for the death of Jose Couso, who worked for the Spanish
television network Telecinco. Khalid Ibrahim Sa'id, Iraqi physicist,
was killed in Baghdad by a US tank crew as he rode in a car to check
on his home. British forces began establishing the first post-war
administration, putting a local sheik into power in the southern
city of Basra. Looting erupted shortly after their troops took
control of the city. A US warplane was shot down near Baghdad. US
forces seized Rasheed military airport.
(AP, 4/8/03)(AP, 4/9/03)(SFC, 4/9/03, p.A1)(AP,
10/19/05)(SSFC, 11/9/03, p.A14)(SSFC, 5/4/03, p.C3)(SSFC, 3/6/11,
2003 Apr 8, A US errant rocket
struck in Iran near the Iraqi border and killed a 13-year-old boy.
(SFC, 4/9/03, p.A21)
2003 Apr 9, In the 22nd day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom US commanders declared Saddam Hussein's rule
over Baghdad over and jubilant crowds swarmed into the streets here,
dancing, looting, cheering and bringing down images of the Iraqi
leader. No more than 150 Iraqis gathered in Farbus Square to watch
American Marines, not Iraqis, pull down a statue of Hussein.
(AP, 4/9/03)(SFC, 4/10/03, p.A1)(AP, 4/16/03)
2003 Apr 10, In the 23rd day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom US and Kurdish troops seized oil-rich Kirkuk
without a fight and held a second city within their grasp as
opposition forces crumbled in northern Iraq. Looting in Baghdad
prompted orders for US Marines to crack down on thieves. Over 40
suicide vests were found in a Baghdad school. Looting in Kirkuk
stripped the North Oil Co. facilities and pumping of 850,000 barrels
a day ceased.
(AP, 4/10/03)(SFC, 4/11/03, p.A1)(SSFC, 4/13/03,
p.W8)(SSFC, 4/20/03, p.A3)
2003 Apr 10, In Najaf clerics
Haider al-Kadar, a widely hated loyalist of Saddam, and Abdul Majid
al-Khoei, a high-ranking Shiite cleric and son of one of the
religion's most prominent spiritual leaders, were hacked to death at
the shrine of Imam Ali by a crowd during a meeting of
reconciliation. Majid al-Khoei had been give as much as $13 million
by the CIA to cultivate supporters.
(AP, 4/10/03)(SFC, 5/2/03, p.A14)
2003 Apr 11, In the 24th day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom the northern city of Mosul fell into US and
Kurdish hands after an entire corps of the Iraqi army surrendered.
The Pentagon said no major military forces remain in the country.
Defense Sec. Rumsfeld called Iraqi looting and chaos a natural
"untidiness" that accompanies the transition from tyranny to
freedom. The US military issued a most-wanted list in the form of a
deck of 55 cards.
(AP, 4/11/03)(SFC, 4/12/03, p.A10)(SSFC, 5/4/03,
2003 Apr 12, In the 25th day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom US officials said 1,200 police and judicial
officers will go to Iraq to help restore order. In western Iraq, US
forces stopped a busload of men who had $630,000 in cash and a
letter offering rewards for killing American soldiers. Baghdad
Museum lost some 50,000 artifacts after 48 hours of looting. Unesco
later reported 150,000 items lost with a combined value in the
billions. It was later reported that losses were minimal and that
curators had put away most valuables into vaults before the war
(AP, 4/12/03)(SSFC, 4/13/03, p.W1)(WSJ, 4/16/03,
p.B1)(WSJ, 6/12/03, p.D8)
2003 Apr 12, Lt. Gen. Amer
al-Saadi (7 of diamonds), Saddam Hussein's science adviser,
surrendered to US military authorities. He insisted Iraq had no
weapons of mass destruction and that the invasion was unjustified.
2003 Apr 13, In the 26th day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom US troops pushed into Tikrit. Army engineers
worked to help restore electricity in Baghdad. US-led forces
announced the capture of Watban Ibrahim Hasan, a half-brother of and
adviser to Saddam Hussein. After three weeks of captivity, seven US
POW's, including Army Specialist Shoshana Johnson, were released by
Iraqi troops near Tikrit, Iraq.
2003 Apr 14, In the 27th day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom US troops poured into Saddam Hussein's
hometown of Tikrit and fought pockets of hard-core defenders. Iraqis
and US troops began jointly patrolling the streets of Baghdad to
quell the lawlessness. US commandos in Baghdad captured Abul Abbas,
the leader of the violent Palestinian group that killed an American
on the hijacked cruise liner Achille Lauro in 1985. Abbas died in
2004 while in US custody.
(AP, 4/14/03)(AP, 4/15/03)(AP, 4/14/04)
2003 Apr 15, US forces about
this time cut off oil flow from Iraq to Syria. Oil flow had reached
130,000 barrels a day providing both countries over $10 million a
month in profits.
(SFC, 4/11/03, p.A18)
2003 Apr 15, In the 28th day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom selected Iraqi leaders met with retired US
Lt. Gen. Jay Garner to shape a new government with 13 goals, the 1st
being "Iraq must be democratic." Secretary of State Colin Powell
said the United States has no plans to go to war with Syria. Looters
and arsonists ransacked and gutted Iraq's National Library and the
principal Islamic library. Marines came under fire while seizing an
airstrip on the outskirts of Tikrit. 7 Iraqis died when American
troops opened fire to keep an angry crowd from storming a government
complex in Mosul. US troops in Baghdad arrested Abul Abbas, head of
the Palestinian terrorist group that attacked the Italian cruise
ship Achille Lauro in 1985.
(AP, 4/15/03)(SFC, 4/16/03, p.A1, A16)(AP,
4/15/04)(SSFC, 5/4/03, p.C3)
2003 Apr 15, US forces signed a
cease-fire agreement with the People's Mujahedeen (Mujahedeen
Khalq), a designated terrorist organization. The Iranian group had
an estimated 10,000 members and was led by a woman.
(SFC, 4/29/03, A10)
2003 Apr 16, In the 29th day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom shooting in Mosul killed three people and
wounded at least 11 and some Iraqis blamed US troops. War casualties
totaled 121 US soldiers with 16 from friendly fire; 31 British
troops with at least 4 from friendly fire; at least 3,160 Iraqi
soldiers dead along with over 1,250 Iraqi civilians.
(AP, 4/16/03)(WSJ, 4/16/03, p.A8)
2003 Apr 17, In the 30th day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom American forces released more than 900 Iraqi
prisoners, beginning the process of sorting through the thousands
detained in the war. Coalition forces still held 6,850 prisoners.
The Bush administration planned to send in a 1,000-man team to
search for weapons of mass destruction. US Special Forces captured
Barzan Ibrahim Hasan al-Tikriti (5 of clubs), a half brother of
Saddam Hussein. He was 3rd the list of 55 former Iraqi officials
wanted by the US. The US Mobile Exploitation Team Alpha (MET Alpha)
found an Iraqi scientist who led them to sites that contained
precursors for a banned toxic agent. A riot broke out at a Baghdad
bank after thieves blew a hole in the vault and dropped children in
to bring out fistfuls of cash. US troops calmed the situation by
arresting the thieves and removed $4 million in US dollars for
(AP, 4/17/03)(AP, 4/18/03)(WSJ, 4/17/03,
p.A3)(SFC, 4/18/03, p.A12)(SFC, 4/21/03, p.A1)
2003 Apr 17, Bechtel was
awarded a contract for up to $680 million to rebuild Iraqi
(SFC, 4/18/03, p.A1)
2003 Apr 18, Iraqi opposition
leader Ahmad Chalabi said he expects an Iraqi interim authority to
take over most government functions from the US military in "a
matter of weeks rather than months." Protesters marched in Baghdad
denouncing US presence. Kurds were reported expelling Arab families
from towns and villages where they had lived decades ago. Samir Abd
al-Aziz al-Najim (4 of clubs), a senior leader of the shattered
Baath party, was handed over to US forces overnight by Iraqi Kurds
near the northern city of Mosul. Iraqi police captured Hikmat
Ibrahim al-Azzawi (8 of diamonds), a deputy prime minister and
number 45 on an American list of the 55 most wanted Iraqis. US
troops in Baghdad uncovered numerous boxes of UC currency estimated
at $650 million. Videotape was shot by a Minnesota television crew
traveling with US troops in Iraq when they first opened the bunkers
at the Al-Qaqaa munitions base nine days after the fall of Saddam
Hussein. The tape shows what appears to be high explosives still in
barrels and bearing the markings of the International Atomic Energy
(AP, 4/18/03)(SFC, 4/19/03, p.A1,A10)(AP,
2003 Apr 19, US forces captured
Abd al-Khaliq Abd al-Ghafar (4 of hearts), Saddam's scientific
2003 Apr 20, It was reported
that the US planned a long-term military relationship with the
emerging government in Iraq to include access to military bases in
the region. US Army forces took control of Baghdad from the Marines
in a changing of the guard that thinned the military presence in the
capital. Celebrating Easter, the Reverend Emmanuel Delly, a longtime
Iraqi bishop, pleaded for safeguards against the persecution of
Christians in the new Iraq.
(SSFC, 4/20/03, p.A3)(AP, 4/20/04)
2003 Apr 21, The Coalition
Provisional Authority (CPA) was established as the temporary
governing body of Iraq. Retired Lt. Gen. Jay Garner, Pres. Bush’s
appointed post-war administrator, arrived in Baghdad. His priority
was to restore basic services such as water and electricity.
(AP, 4/21/03)(WSJ, 4/19/04, p.A14)
2003 Apr 21, Muhammad Hamza
al-Zubaydi (queen of spades), was captured by the Iraqi opposition.
He was known as Saddam's "Shiite Thug" for his role in Iraq's bloody
suppression of the Shiite Muslim uprising of 1991.
(AP, 4/22/03)(SFC, 4/26/03, A14)
2003 Apr 22 American soldiers
in Baghdad found $112 million sealed inside 7 animal kennels.
(SFC, 4/23/03, A12)
2003 Apr 22, Hundreds of
thousands of Shiite pilgrims marched to the holy shrine in Karbala,
where Hussein, the grandson of Muhammad, was killed in the 7th
century Battle of Karbala between a small group of his followers and
the Umayyad Army.
2003 Apr 22, France proposed
that the UN suspend economic sanctions against Iraq, but continue to
operate the oil-for-food program.
(SFC, 4/23/03, A8)
2003 Apr 23, US forces captured
4 more former Iraqi government officials, including 3 on the top
wanted list: Muzahim Sa'b Hassan al-Tikriti (queen of diamonds),
Gen. Zuhayr Talib Abd al-Sattar al-Naqib (7 of hearts), and Muhammad
Mahdi al-Salih (6 of hearts).
(SFC, 4/24/03, A14)(SFC, 4/26/03, A14)
2003 Apr 24, Tariq Aziz (8 of
spades), Iraqi deputy prime minister, surrendered to US forces.
(AP, 4/25/03)(SFC, 4/25/03, A1)
2003 Apr 25, Farouk Hijazi, who
once helped run Saddam Hussein's intelligence service and was linked
to al-Qaida, was delivered by Syria to US forces.
(AP, 4/25/03)(SFC, 4/26/03, A1)
2003 Apr 26, In Iraq attackers
fired into an ammunition dump guarded by Americans on Baghdad's
southeastern outskirts, setting off thunderous explosions that
killed at least six Iraqis and wounded four. As many as 40 were
(AP, 4/26/03)(SSFC, 4/27/03, A18)
2003 Apr 27, In Iraq Lt. Gen.
Hossam Mohammed Amin al-Yasin (6 of clubs), chief Iraqi liaison with
UN weapons inspectors, surrendered to US forces. The US military
arrested the self-anointed mayor of Baghdad, Mohammed Mohsen
al-Zubaidi, reflecting US determination to brook no interlopers in
its effort to build a consensus for administering Iraq.
(AP, 4/28/03)(AP, 4/27/04)
2003 Apr 28, On Saddam
Hussein's 66th birthday, some 300 prominent Iraqis met in Baghdad
under US direction to convene a national conference to create an
(SFC, 4/29/03, A1)(AP, 4/28/04)
2003 Apr 28, US soldiers opened
fire on Iraqis at a nighttime demonstration against the American
presence here after people shot at them with automatic rifles. The
director of the local hospital said 13 people were killed and 75
injured. Amer Mohammed Rashid (6 of spades), known to UN weapons
inspectors as the "Missile Man" and ranked 47th on the US
most-wanted list of 55 members of Saddam's inner circle,
2003 Apr 30, Donald Rumsfeld
visited Iraq and hailed its liberation. US soldiers fired on
anti-American protesters in the city of Fallujah; the mayor said two
people were killed and 14 wounded.
(AP, 4/30/03)(SFC, 5/1/03, A1)
2003 Apr, Ali Shahin Brisam,
general director of irrigation for Nasiriya, ordered the demolition
of one dam and opened regulators in others to return water to the
dried marshlands of southern Iraq. After 8 months marsh recovery
jumped from about 7% of their original size to about 16%.
(SSFC, 12/28/03, p.A6)
2003 Apr, Officials at the
Iraqi Embassy in Prague handed over weapons to Czech authorities.
Iraqi spies had used a diplomatic vehicle to smuggle in the weapons
for an attack on Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. The weapons
included an RPG-7 anti-tank missile, six machine guns and
2003 May 1, Pres. Bush,
standing on a Navy aircraft carrier in San Diego, announced that
"major combat operations in Iraq have ended."
(SFC, 5/2/03, p.A1)(SSFC, 4/11/04, p.A22)
2003 May 1, Three top members
of Saddam Hussein's ousted regime: Mizban Khadr Hadi (military
commander), Abdel Tawab Mullah Huweish (director of the Office
of Military Industrialization and a deputy prime minister in charge
of arms procurement), and Taha Muhie-eldin Marouf (a Kurd who served
as one of two ceremonial vice presidents), were captured.
2003 May 3, The US picked a new
head of Iraq's Health Ministry on Saturday, a Baath Party member,
whose appointment was so critical that US officials designated the
announcement "Public Notice No. 1."
2003 May 3, In Baghdad, Iraq,
schools re-opened for the 1st time since the start of war.
(SSFC, 5/4/03, p.A11)
2003 May 4, Huda Salih Mahdi
Ammash (49), a top biological weapons scientist and among the top 55
most wanted members of Saddam Hussein's fallen regime, was taken
2003 May 6, Ghazi Hammud, Baath
regional chairman in the Kut district, was put in custody. He is No.
32 on Central Command's list of the 55 most-wanted members of
2003 May 9, The US and its
allies asked the UN Security Council to legitimize their occupation
of Iraq and sought permission to use revenue from the world's
second-largest oil reserves to rebuild the war-battered country.
2003 May 9, In northern Iraq 3
U.S. soldiers were killed when their helicopter crashed into the
2003 May 10, The leader of
Iraq's largest Shiite Muslim group, Ayatollah Mohammad Baqir
al-Hakim, returned triumphantly to his U.S.-occupied homeland after
two decades in Iranian exile.
2003 May 12, L. Paul Bremer,
the new American civilian administrator, took over the task of
piecing Iraq together. He replaced retired Army Lt. Gen. Jay Garner.
In 2006 Bremmer with Malcolm McConnell authored “My Year in Iraq."
(AP, 5/12/03)(WSJ, 1/13/06, p.P10)
2003 May 12, US officials said
Rihab Rashid Taha, called "Dr. Germ" for her work with germ warfare
agents, was reported to be in coalition custody. Ibrahim Ahmad Abd
al Sattar Muhammad, No. 11 on the most-wanted list, was also
reported in custody.
(USAT, 5/13/03, p.11A)
2003 May 13, L. Paul Bremer,
the new US administrator in Iraq, reportedly authorized troops to
shoot looters on sight. Rumsfeld said muscle would be used to stop
(SFC, 5/14/03, p.A3)(WSJ, 5/15/03, p.A1)
2003 May 14, In Iraq villagers
pulled body after body from a mass grave in Mahaweel, exhuming the
remains of up to 3,000 people they suspect were killed during the
1991 Shiite revolt against Saddam Hussein's regime.
2003 May 14, A Belgian attorney
filed suit against US Gen. Tommy Franks and Col. Brian P. McCoy for
war crimes in the war in Iraq. The use of some 1,500 cluster bombs
in Iraq was part of the suit.
(SFC, 5/15/03, p.A6)
2003 May 15, The Development
Fund for Iraq was established to fund reconstruction projects with
Iraqi oil revenue.
(WSJ, 10/28/03, p.A4)
2003 May 15, US Army forces
stormed into a village near the northern city of Tikrit before dawn,
seizing more than 260 prisoners, including one man on the
most-wanted list of former Iraqi officials.
2003 May 17, In Iraq US forces
arrested Kamal Mustafa Abdallah Sultan al-Tikriti, former secretary
of the Republican Guard (listed as No. 10 and the queen of clubs).
Univ. students and teachers returned to their campuses.
(SSFC, 5/18/03, p.A12)
2003 May 18, In Kirkuk, Iraq, a
weekend of Arab-Kurdish violence left at least 11 people dead and a
U.S. soldier wounded.
2003 May 19, In central Iraq 4
US Marines on a resupply mission were killed when their Ch-46
Sea-Knight helicopter crashed into a canal and a fifth drowned
trying to save them.
2003 May 21, In Iraq US forces
captured Aziz Saleh Numan, former Baath regional command chairman
for west Baghdad. He was No. 8 on the most wanted list.
(SFC, 5/23/03, p.A20)
2003 May 21, NATO's 19 nations
agreed unanimously to start planning to help Poland lead a
multinational peacekeeping force in Iraq.
2003 May 22, The UN Security
Council overwhelmingly approved an end to 13-year-old sanctions
against Iraq and gave the United States and Britain extraordinary
powers to run the country and its lucrative oil industry. Security
Council Resolution 1483 identified the US and Britain as “occupying
powers" in Iraq.
(AP, 5/22/03)(Econ, 4/19/08, p.102)
2003 May 23, US defense
officials reported that American troops had confiscated gold bars
valued at $34 million from a truck in northern Iraq.
2003 May 24, Coalition forces
captured two more wanted Iraqis: Sayf al-Din al-Mashadani, No. 46 on
the list and Sad Abd al-Majid al-Faysal, No. 55. The US-led
coalition ordered Iraqis to give up their weapons by mid-June.
(AP, 5/27/03)(AP, 5/24/04)
2003 May 27, In Iraq a US
weapons-inspection team arrived at Al Qaqaa weapons site and found
that the IAEA seals were broken and the high explosives missing. Two
Iraqis shot and killed two American soldiers in Fallujah, a hotbed
of support for Saddam Hussein.
(WSJ, 10/27/04, p.A3)(AP, 5/27/08)
2003 May 29, US forces in Iraq
numbered some 200,000. An extended stay was expected.
(SFC, 5/29/03, p.A12)
2003 May 31, American forces
arrested 15 members of Saddam Hussein's banned Baath Party as they
met at a police college in Baghdad.
2003 May, Alleged British
mistreatment of Iraqi prisoners took place at an aid camp near
Basra, Iraq. Photographs of prisoner abuse were made public in 2004.
In 2005 court martial proceedings began. In 2006 3 British soldiers
were cleared of manslaughter charges in the death of Ahmad Jabbar
Kareem (15), who drowned in the Shatt al-Basra canal in Basra.
(Econ, 1/22/05, p.51)(AP, 6/6/06)
2003 May, In Iraq a Jewish
archive was found when US troops looking for weapons of mass
destruction got a tip to check out the basement of a building of the
Mukhabarat, Saddam's secret police. In a flooded basement they found
books, photos and papers floated in the murky water. Accumulated
over the years were photos, parchments and cases to hold Torah
scrolls; a Jewish religious book published in 1568; 50 copies of a
children's primer in Hebrew and Arabic; books in Arabic and English,
books printed in Baghdad, Warsaw and Venice, the lost heritage of
what was once one of the largest Jewish communities in the Middle
East, dating to the 6th century B.C. The collection was saved and
soon taken to the US for preservation.
2003 Jun 2, Thousands of sacked
Iraqi soldiers marched on the U.S.-led administration and threatened
to launch suicide attacks on American troops in Baghdad unless they
were paid wages and compensation.
2003 Jun 6, An Iraqi prisoner
(52) of war was found dead at a camp run by the 1st Marine Division
near Nasiriyah. On Oct 8 Marine reservists stationed at Camp
Pendleton were charged in connection with his death.
2003 Jun 10, An AP tally of
civilian deaths in Iraq totaled at least 3,240, with 1,896 dead in
Baghdad. Allied deaths were 205 from Mar 20-Apr 20.
(WSJ, 6/11/03, p.A1)(SFC, 6/11/03, p.A3)
2003 Jun 10, In Iraq US forces
launched Operation Peninsula Strike aimed at rounding up Hussein
loyalists around Thuluya, 45 miles north of Baghdad.
(SFC, 6/12/03, p.A7)
2003 Jun 11, The US military
launched a massive operation to crush opposition north of Baghdad
and captured nearly 400 suspected Saddam Hussein loyalists in a bid
to end daily attacks against American soldiers.
2003 Jun 12, A US helicopter
gunship was shot down in western Iraq, just hours after US fighter
jets bombed "a terrorist training camp" in central Iraq. US troops
stormed through Sunni Muslim towns, seeking Saddam Hussein loyalists
in one of the biggest American military assaults since the war
(AP, 6/12/03)(AP, 6/12/08)
2003 Jun 13, US forces killed
27 Iraqi fighters in a ground and air pursuit after the Iraqis
attacked an American tank patrol north of Baghdad, bringing the
opposition death toll in four days of skirmishes to about 100.
2003 Jun 13, Five Iraqi
civilians were shot by American troops who apparently mistook them
for militants fleeing after attacking a U.S. tank patrol.
2003 Jun 15, With a deadline
passed for Iraqis to hand in heavy weapons, U.S. forces fanned out
across Iraq to seize arms and put down potential foes.
2003 Jun 16, Abid Hamid Mahmud
al-Tikriti, No. 4 on the wanted list, surrendered at a private home
in Tikrit following informants' tips. Nearby US soldiers found two
boxes, each counting $4 million in bundled hundred-dollar bills,
along with hundreds of pieces of jewelry, a sniper rifle and two
pounds of plastic explosive.
(AP, 6/19/03)(SFC, 6/19/03, p.A1)
2003 Jun 18, A demonstration by
former Iraqi army officers demanding back pay turned violent after
an American soldier fired into the crowd. 2 Iraqis were killed. One
American was killed in a drive-by shooting in south Baghdad.
(SFC, 6/19/03, p.A16)
2003 Jun 19, In Iraq The
special "Task Force 20" commando team was joined in the convoy
operation by an AC-130 gunship and other air support, attacking by
ground and air along a known escape and smuggling route near the
western city of Qaim.
(AP, 6/24/03)(SFC, 6/25/03, p.A18)
2003 Jun 22, Iraq returned to
world oil markets with its first crude oil exports since the
U.S.-led invasion. A fuel pipeline exploded and caught fire west of
Baghdad, a possible act of sabotage that sent flames high into the
2003 Jun 23, The US-led civil
administrators announced the creation of a new Iraqi army.
2003 Jun 24, In Majar al-Kabir,
Iraq, British troops in the Shiite south killed 4 Iraqis in a
gunbattle. In response a 400-strong Iraqi mob descended on the
police station and murdered 6 British troops. 8 suspects were later
detained. One was released in 2009 and cases against 5 were dropped
in 2010. Two suspects were held for trial. On Oct 10, 2010, a
Baghdad court cleared two Iraqi men accused of taking part in the
(WSJ, 6/25/03, p.A1)(BS, 6/26/03, 12A)(AP,
2003 Jun 29, In Iraq US forces
launched a massive operation to crush insurgents and capture senior
figures from the ousted regime.
2003 Jun 30, American troops
detained the U.S.-appointed mayor of Najaf, Iraq, accusing him of
kidnapping and corruption.
2003 Jun 30, In Iraq 10 people
died in a masque blast in Fallujah. US military later said the blast
was due to an accident during a "bomb manufacturing class." US
ground commanders said there was no evidence of a bomb factory and
residents blamed a US war plane.
(WSJ, 7/2/03, p.A1)(SFC, 7/2/03, p.A14)(SFC,
7/3/03, p.A10)(SFC, 7/4/03, p.A17)
2003 Jun, Libya announced it
was breaking off diplomatic ties with Iraq and closing its embassy
shortly after the US-led invasion of the country earlier this year.
2003 Jul 1, In Iraq US troops
killed 4 people who failed to stop at checkpoints.
(WSJ, 7/2/03, p.A1)(SFC, 7/2/03, p.A14)
2003 Jul 3, The US government
put a $25 million bounty on Saddam Hussein and $15 million on his
sons. US troops killed 11 Iraqis who ambushed a convoy outside
(AP, 7/3/03)(AP, 7/4/03)
2003 Jul 4, US forces raided a
Turkish special forces office in northern Iraq and detained 11
soldiers on reports that Turks were plotting to kill the governor of
the oil-rich city of Kirkuk.
2003 Jul 4, A voice purported
to be Saddam Hussein's, aired on the Arab television station
Al-Jazeera, said he is in Iraq directing attacks on American forces
and called on Iraqis to help the resistance against the US-led
(AP, 7/4/03)(SFC, 7/5/03, p.A1)
2003 Jul 5, In Ramadi, Iraq, an
explosion struck a ceremony for Iraqi policemen graduating from US
training, killing at least seven recruits and wounding dozens. In
Baghdad a British TV journalist was shot dead near the national
(AP, 7/5/03)(WSJ, 7/7/03, p.A1)
2003 Jul 8, In Iraq Mizban
Khadr Hadi (No. 23), a high-ranking member of the Baath Party
regional command and Mahmud Diab al-Ahmed (No. 29), the former
interior minister, were taken into custody. The capture of Al-Ahmed
was reported in error. He surrendered Aug 8.
(AP, 7/9/03)(AP, 8/10/03)
2003 Jul 9, It was reported
that occupation authorities had eliminated all import taxes in Iraq
and accelerated the closure of hundreds of local factories unable to
compete with foreign goods. At the same time hundreds of millions of
dollars was pumped in as cash payments to government workers. 2 U.S.
soldiers were killed and a third wounded in separate attacks on
their convoys near Mahmudiyah and Tikrit.
(SFC, 7/9/03, p.A1)(AP, 7/10/03)
2003 Jul 9, Pres. Bush met with
South African President Thabo Mbeki in Pretoria for discussions on
AIDS, the war on terror, trade issues and to seek common ground in
their attempts to deal with the political and economic crisis in
neighboring Zimbabwe. Pleading for patience, President Bush,
continuing his Africa tour, said the United States would "have to
remain tough" in Iraq despite attacks on U.S. soldiers. Bush said he
was "absolutely confident" in his actions despite the discovery that
one claim he'd made about Saddam Hussein's weapons pursuits was
based on false information.
(AP, 7/9/03)(SFC, 7/10/03, p.A3)(AP, 7/9/04)(AP,
2003 Jul 9, US Defense Sec.
Rumsfeld increased the estimate of military costs in Iraq to $3.9
billion a month.
(SFC, 7/9/03, p.A1)
2003 Jul 11, Spain, a leading
U.S. ally during the war to oust Saddam Hussein, agreed to send
1,300 soldiers to Iraq.
2003 Jul 13, In Iraq a
25-member interim Iraqi Governing Council (IGC) of prominent Iraqis
from diverse political and religious backgrounds was named at an
inaugural meeting, the first national body since the fall of Saddam
Hussein. The council abolished a number of old holidays and
established April 9, the fall of Baghdad and Saddam's regime, as a
new national holiday.
(AP, 7/13/03)(WSJ, 4/19/04, p.A14)
2003 Jul 14, Iraq's new
governing council, in its first full day on the job, voted to send a
delegation to the U.N. Security Council and assert its right to
represent Baghdad on the world stage.
2003 Jul 17, The US combat
death toll in Iraq hit a milestone as the Pentagon acknowledged its
casualties from hostile fire reached 147, the same number of troops
who died at enemy hands in the first Gulf War. Gen. John Abizaid,
head of central command, said loyalists are fighting an increasingly
organized "guerrilla-type campaign."
2003 Jul 20, American generals
said a new Iraqi civil defense force would be created over the next
45 days with some 7,000 militia members.
(SFC, 7/21/03, p.A1)
2003 Jul 20, Two soldiers from
the 101st Airborne Division were killed and another wounded when
their convoy came under rocket-propelled grenade and small arms fire
in northern Iraq.
2003 Jul 22, Saddam Hussein's
sons Odai and Qusai were killed in a fiery battle at a Mosul
mansion. Sheik Nawaf al-Zaydan Muhhamad informed US troops of their
presence in his home and became $30 million richer.
(AP, 7/23/03)(AP, 7/24/03)
2003 Jul 23, A new audiotape,
purported to be of toppled dictator Saddam Hussein and dated to Jul
20, was broadcast by an Arab satellite station. It called on former
soldiers to rise up against the American occupation.
2003 Jul 24, In northern Iraq 3
US soldiers died in the 2nd fatal attack on troops from the
101st Airborne Division since they tracked down and killed Saddam
Hussein's sons Uday and Qusai.
2003 Jul 26, In Iraq a grenade
attack killed 3 US soldiers and wounded four while they guarded a
children's hospital in Baqouba.
2003 Jul 29, American soldiers
in Tikrit overpowered and arrested a bodyguard who rarely left
Saddam Hussein's side.
2003 Jul 30, Iraq's U.S.-picked
interim government named its first president: Ibrahim al-Jaafari, a
Shiite Muslim from the Daawa party banned by Saddam Hussein.
(AP, 7/30/04)(WSJ, 4/28/05, p.A1)
2003 Jul, Joseph Wilson, former
American ambassador, alleged that Pres. Bush had falsely accused
Iraq of trying to buy uranium from Niger. Two White House officials
soon called at least 6 Washington journalists and told them that
Wilson’s wife, Valerie Plame, was a undercover CIA agent who had
worked in Niger.
(Econ, 8/21/04, p.28)
2003 Aug 3, As of this day 249
U.S. soldiers have died since the beginning of military operations
2003 Aug 7, In Iraq a car bomb
shattered a street outside the walled Jordanian Embassy, killed 19
people — including two children.
(SFC, 8/9/03, p.A1)(AP, 8/7/08)
2003 Aug 8, Mahmud Dhiyab
Al-Ahmad, Saddam Hussein's former interior minister, (No. 29 on the
list of 55 most-wanted Iraqis) surrendered to coalition forces.
2003 Aug 11, British troops
restored badly needed electricity to parts of Basra and supervised
distribution of gasoline after two days of protests over fuel and
2003 Aug 13, Iraq began pumping
crude oil from its northern oil fields for the first time since the
start of the war.
2003 Aug 13, In Iraq British
Private Jason Smith (32) died of heat stroke as the local
temperature passed the limits of available thermometers. An inquest
in 2007 ruled that troops were not adequately advised on how to cope
with high temperatures. In 2009 the British Ministry of Defense
upheld an earlier judgment that the military had breached Smith’s
right to life.
2003 Aug 14, The UN Security
Council approved a resolution welcoming the Iraqi Governing Council
and created a mission to oversee UN efforts to help rebuild the
country and establish a democratic government.
2003 Aug 15, Saboteurs blew up
a major pipeline and stopped all oil flow from Iraq to Turkey, just
three days after the pipeline between the two countries was
reopened. A following fire raged into the next day. The 600-mile
pipeline runs from the northern city of Kirkuk to the Turkish city
2003 Aug 17, Saboteurs blew a
hole in a giant Baghdad water main, forcing engineers to cut off
water to the capital. Two ferocious blazes raged out of control
along the pipeline that exports Iraq's oil to the north.
2003 Aug 17, Mazen Dana (43),
a Palestinian cameraman for Reuters, was shot dead by US troops in
Iraq while he filmed outside Abu Ghraib prison in western Baghdad.
Soldiers mistook his camera for a rocket-propelled grenade launcher.
The official judgment of the US Military, given five weeks later,
was that The Rules of Engagement required no warning and the tank
crew were justified in shooting Mazen Dana, seeing his TV camera as
a rocket-propelled grenade launcher, or RPG. No disciplinary action
was taken against any US serviceman. Mazen was the 18th foreign
journalist to be killed in Iraq since the occupation by the U.S.
Military on March 20, 2003 and the second Reuters cameraman to be
2003 Aug 19, In Baghdad a car
bomb exploded in front of the hotel housing the UN headquarters,
collapsing the front of the building. UN Special Representative
Sergio Vieira de Mello (55) of Brazil and 22 other people were
killed. UNICEF said that its program co-coordinator for Iraq,
Canadian Christopher Klein-Beekman, was among the dead. In 2008
Samantha Power authored “Chasing the Flame: Sergio Vieira de Mello
and the Fight to Save the World." In 2010 a court sentenced two
Iraqis to life in jail for taking part in the bombing and the kidnap
of two French journalists a year later.
(SFC, 8/20/03, p.A12)(AP, 8/21/03)(SSFC, 2/10/08,
2003 Aug 19, Taha Yassin
Ramadan, a former Iraqi vice president known as "Saddam's knuckles"
for his ruthlessness and No. 20 on the US list of most-wanted
Iraqis, was turned over to US forces in Mosul.
(AP, 8/19/03)(SFC, 8/20/03, p.A13)
2003 Aug 21, The US military
reported that Ali Hassan al-Majid, No. 5 on the list of most-wanted
Iraqis, had been captured. [see Apr 5]
2003 Aug 23, In Iraq a
guerrilla attack killed 3 British soldiers and seriously wounded one
in the southern port city of Basra.
(AP, 8/23/03)(SSFC, 8/24/03, p.A6)
2003 Aug 26, In northern Iraq
the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan and the Iraqi Turkmen Front signed
an agreement in Kirkuk aimed at preventing ethnic violence after
clashes left 11 people dead last week.
2003 Aug 26, The toll of U.S.
troops killed in postwar Iraq surpassed the number killed in major
combat, reaching 139.
2003 Aug 27, In Iraq 2 more US
soldiers were killed in combat, and the international relief agency
Oxfam said it pulled its foreign staff out of Iraq because of the
2003 Aug 29, A new Iraq Trade
Bank was established to provide letters of credit for big shipments
(WSJ, 10/28/03, p.A4)
2003 Aug 29, In Najaf, Iraq, a
massive car bomb exploded at the Imam Ali mosque during prayers,
killing Mohammed Bakir al-Hakim, one of Iraq's most important Shiite
clerics, and at least 85 other people. Two Iraqis and two Saudis
were caught soon after. Attackers fired rocket-propelled grenades at
two U.S. convoys in separate ambushes, killing one American soldier
and wounding six.
(SFC, 9/1/03, p.A1)(AP, 8/29/08)
2003 Sep 1, The U.S.-picked
Iraqi Governing Council named a new Cabinet.
2003 Sep 1, Arab TV broadcast
an audiotape purportedly from Saddam Hussein denying any involvement
in a bombing in Najaf, Iraq, that killed a beloved Shiite cleric.
2003 Sep 10, In Irbil, Iraq, a
suicide car bomber struck the US intelligence headquarters, killing
three Iraqis, including a 12-year-old boy.
(AP, 9/10/03)(WSJ, 9/11/03, p.A1)
2003 Sep 12, US soldiers
mistakenly opened fire on uniformed Iraqi policemen chasing highway
bandits at night, killing eight officers and a Jordanian security
guard in Fallujah.
2003 Sep 13, Angry mourners
swarmed Fallujah, Iraq, a day after eight Iraqi police were killed
in a friendly fire incident involving U.S. troops; the U.S. military
apologized for the deaths.
2003 Sep 14, Lt. Gen. Ricardo
Sanchez, the US military commander in Iraq, authorized the use of
loud rock music, "to create fear, disorient ... and prolong capture
shock." The tactic became common in the US war on terror, with
forces systematically using loud music on hundreds of detainees in
Iraq, Afghanistan and Guantanamo Bay.
2003 Sep 14, In Iraq a roadside
bomb attack on a convoy in the troubled city of Fallujah killed one
US soldier and injured three others.
2003 Sep 15, In Iraq guerrillas
killed a US soldier in a rocket-propelled grenade attack in central
2003 Sep 16, Baha Mousa (26),
an Iraqi hotel receptionist, died after being beaten at a British
military camp in Basra. An autopsy said he died of asphyxia, caused
by a stress position that soldiers forced him to maintain. He was
arrested, along with nine other Iraqis, at the Haitham Hotel in
Basra 2 days earlier by members of the 1st Battalion The Queen's
Lancashire Regiment (QLR). In 2006 Corp. Donald Payne pleaded guilty
to a charge of inhumane treatment of Iraqi civilians, but denied
manslaughter. Payne, who became Britain's first convicted war
criminal, was dismissed by the army and jailed for a year over the
killing. In 2008 the British Ministry of Defense agreed to pay just
under $6 million to the family of Mousa and 9 others who suffered
injuries while in the custody of British forces. In 2009 Britain
opened a public inquiry into the case and Britain's military
apologized for its treatment of Mousa. On Sep 8, 2011, an inquiry
concluded that British soldiers beat Mousa to death in an act of
unjustified violence that left a "very great stain" on Britain's
p.66)(AP, 7/10/08)(AP, 7/13/09)(AP, 9/21/09)(Reuters, 9/8/11)
2003 Sep 18, Iraqi guerrillas
ambushed an American patrol in Al Auja, Saddam Hussein's native
village, killing 3 US soldiers. The number of US killed since the
start of war in March reached 297.
(SFC, 9/19/03, p.A1)
2003 Aug 19, Taha Yassin
Ramadan, a former Iraqi vice president known as "Saddam's knuckles"
for his ruthlessness and No. 20 on the US list of most-wanted
Iraqis, was turned over to US forces in Mosul. Ramadan was tried and
convicted in November 2006 of murder, forced deportation and
torture, and sentenced to life in prison. The court agreed to turn
it to a death sentence in March 2007. Ramadan was hanged before dawn
on Tuesday, March 20, 2007, for his role in the killing of 148 Shia
Iraqis in Dujail.
(AP, 8/19/03)(SFC, 8/20/03,
2003 Sep 20, In central Iraq 3
American soldiers were killed and 13 injured in a mortar attack and
2003 Sep 20, In Iraq gunmen
attacked and wounded Aquila al-Hashimi, one of three women on Iraq's
Governing Council and a leading candidate to become the country's
representative at the United Nations.
2003 Sep 21, In Iraq corporate
and personal income taxes were capped at 15%. All foreign government
entities and their employees were declared exempt.
(WSJ, 10/28/03, p.A4)
2003 Sep 22, A suicide bomber,
his body wrapped in explosives and his car filled with 50 pounds of
TNT, struck a police checkpoint outside UN headquarters in Baghdad,
killing an Iraqi policeman who stopped him and wounding 19 people.
2003 Sep 23, US forces in Iraq
killed 3 civilians in an aerial attack on a farming village.
(SFC, 9/24/03, p.A3)
2003 Sep 25, A mortar blast
tore through a market in Baqouba, Iraq, killing nine civilians and
injuring more than a dozen others. Townspeople suspected American
soldiers stationed nearby may have been the target. Aquila
al-Hashimi (50), the first member of Iraq's American-picked
Governing Council to be targeted for assassination, died, five days
after she was shot in an ambush.
(AP, 9/26/03)(AP, 9/25/03)(WSJ, 9/26/03, p.A1)
2003 Sep 26, US troops fired on
two cars at a checkpoint in Fallujah, killing four Iraqis and
injuring five others. Over 4 days Sheikh Mishkhen al Jumaili lost 9
relatives including his son.
(AP, 9/27/03)(SFC, 10/6/03, p.A1)
2003 Sep, Sadr City chose an
alternative assembly to the US-approved group.
(WSJ, 10/20/03, p.A9)
2003 Sep-2004 Apr, In 2005 it
was reported that members of the US Army’s 82nd Airborne Division
beat and abused prisoners at Camp Mercury, an operating base near
Fallujah. “We kept it to broken arms and legs."
(SFC, 9/24/05, p.A3)
2003 Oct 3, In Iraq US Army
Spc. Jeremy C. Sivits began photographing Iraqi prisoner abuse at
Abu Ghraib prison. He was under instruction from MP Cpl. Charles A.
Graner to not say anything. In 2007 Lt. Col. Steven Lee Jordan (50),
who ran the interrogation center at Abu Ghraib, was court-martialed
on 8 charges including cruelty and maltreatment of prisoners. In
2008 Philip Gourevitch and Errol Morris authored “Standard Operating
Procedure" and produced a documentary film covering the Abu Ghraib
abuses. [See Jan 13, 2004]
(SFC, 5/14/04, p.A12)(SFC, 1/27/07, p.A9)(Econ,
2003 Oct 6, Roadside bombings
in central Iraq killed three U.S. soldiers and an Iraqi interpreter
and wounded six other service members.
2003 Oct 9, A suicide car
bomber crashed a white Oldsmobile into a police station in Sadr
City, Iraq's largest Shiite Muslim enclave, killing himself, 8
others and wounding as many as 45. Kirk von Ackerman (37), US army
contractor, disappeared between Tikrit and Kirkuk. It was later
reported that Von Ackerman was about to report on kickbacks to a US
Army officer in Iraq. On Dec 14 Ackerman’s associate Ryan Manelick
was shot to death near Camp Anaconda. Jose Antonio Bernal Gomez,
Spanish military attache, was shot to death in Baghdad.
(AP, 10/9/03)(SFC, 10/10/03, p.A1)(AP,
10/9/04)(AP, 10/9/08)(SFC, 11/11/03, p.A1)(SSFC, 2/13/05, p.A14)
2003 Oct 10, In Sadr City,
Iraq, 2 Americans and 2 Iraqis were killed in a gunfight.
(SFC, 10/11/03, p.A12)
2003 Oct 12, In Baghdad a
suicide attacker, stopped from reaching a hotel full of Americans,
detonated his car bomb on a commercial avenue, killing six
bystanders and wounding dozens.
2003 Oct 14, In Baghdad a
suicide bomber detonated a car packed with explosives near the
Turkish Embassy, killing the driver and wounding more than a dozen
2003 Oct 15, In Iraq the new
dinar was launched graced with the likeness of an ancient ruler and
a 10th century mathematician. The Iraqi central bank had no tools to
regulate currency value. Exchange of the old currency was set to end
(SFC, 10/16/03, p.A12)(WSJ, 11/7/03, p.A10)
2003 Oct 15, Japan pledged $1.5
billion in reconstruction aid next year for Iraq and more down the
line despite economic woes at home.
2003 Oct 16, Iraqi police
backed by American tanks forced out the renegade Sadr City council.
(WSJ, 10/20/03, p.A9)
2003 Oct 16, The UN Security
Council unanimously adopted a resolution aimed at attracting aid to
stabilize Iraq and putting it on the road to independence.
2003 Oct 17, In Iraq the deaths
of 4 soldiers brought to 101 the number killed since Pres. Bush
declared the end of major combat on May 1.
(SFC, 10/18/03, p.A1)
2003 Oct 18, In Iraq 2 U.S.
soldiers were killed and one was wounded in an ambush north of
2003 Oct 20, Bush
administration officials said some $3 billion of Saddam Hussein's
former government was being held in Syria and Lebanon.
2003 Oct 22, It was reported
that pirated fuel from Iraq totaled some 2,000 tons for a daily loss
(SFC, 10/22/03, p.A1)
2003 Oct 23, A bomb exploded
near a pipeline in northern Iraq, killing two Iraqi Civil Defense
Corps members and wounding 10 others.
2003 Oct 24, Iraq's postwar
reconstruction received a boost as nations from Japan to Saudi
Arabia pledged $13 billion in new aid on top of more than $20
billion from the US. But the figure fell well short of the estimated
$56 billion needed to rebuild the country.
2003 Oct 24, Two U.S. soldiers
were killed and four were wounded in a mortar attack on their base
north of Baghdad.
2003 Oct 26, Iraqi insurgents
attacked the heavily guarded al Rashid hotel with a missile barrage
that killed an American colonel, wounded 18 other people. The
462-room hotel, housing civilian officials of the US-led Coalition
Provisional Authority and US military personnel, is seen as symbol
of the occupation.
(AP, 10/26/03)(SSFC, 10/26/03, p.A1)
2003 Oct 27, In Iraq suicide
car bombers on the 1st day of Ramadan struck the international Red
Cross headquarters and three police stations across Baghdad, killing
43 people and wounding at least 224.
(AP, 10/27/03)(SFC, 10/28/03, p.A1)(WSJ, 4/19/04,
2003 Oct 28, In Iraq a car bomb
exploded near a police station on a major street in the tense city
of Fallujah, killing at least four people.
2003 Oct 28, In Iraq 2 American
soldiers were killed when their Abrams battle tank was damaged by
resistance fighters 45 miles north of Baghdad. Total US deaths reach
115 and surpassed the 114 killed during the initial war Mar 20-May
2003 Oct 28, In southern Iraq 7
Ukrainian peacekeepers were wounded when militants attacked their
patrol. 1,650 Ukrainian troops served in the Polish-led
2003 Oct 29, International
organizations continued their exodus from Iraq in the wake of car
bombings in the capital and attacks against coalition troops.
2003 Oct 30, The UN ordered all
its non-Iraqi staff to leave Baghdad.
(WSJ, 4/19/04, p.A14)
2003 Oct, Sean O'Sullivan (39),
American documentary filmmaker, arrived in Iraq and formed JumpStart
Int'l., a private non-profit effort to clean up bombed and burned
sites in Baghdad using Iraqi labor.
(SSFC, 4/4/04, p.A3)
2003 Nov 1, In Iraq a roadside
bomb killed at least two US soldiers in Mosul.
2003 Nov 1, It was reported
that over a dozen members of Saddam Hussein's government have been
shot dead in the streets of Basra over the last month.
(SFC, 11/1/03, p.A8)
2003 Nov 2, In central Iraq
insurgents shot down a US Chinook helicopter as it carried troops
headed for R&R, killing 16 soldiers and wounding 21. Attacks on
US troops reached 33 a day.
(SSFC, 11/2/03, p.A1)(AP, 11/2/08)
2003 Nov 6, Two American
soldiers were killed near Baghdad and along the Syrian border.
Polish forces suffered their first combat death when a Polish major
was fatally wounded in an ambush south of the capital.
2003 Nov 7, In Tikrit, Iraq, an
Army Black Hawk helicopter crashed, apparently shot down by
insurgents, killing all six U.S. soldiers aboard. 2 other soldiers
were killed near Mosul.
2003 Nov 8, In Iraq insurgents
killed two US paratroopers and wounded another west of Baghdad. In
Tikrit US F-16s battered suspected targets. 5 Iraqis were killed and
16 taken custody in "Operation Ivy Cyclone."
2003 Nov 9, In Iraq a US
military police soldier was killed in a rocket-propelled grenade
attack south of Baghdad. In Sadr City Muhamad al-Kaabi, a
US-appointed district chairman, was shot dead following an argument
with a US soldier guarding his council's headquarters.
(AP, 11/10/03)(WSJ, 11/12/03, p.A16)
2003 Nov 11, In Iraq US troops
opened fire on a truck carrying live chickens near the tense town of
Fallujah, killing 5 civilians aboard the vehicle, including a father
and his two sons.
2003 Nov 11, In Iraq an
explosion on a road frequently used by British troops killed 6
civilians in Basra. The military detained about 20 people suspected
of links to al-Qaida.
2003 Nov 12, In Iraq a suicide
truck bomber attacked the headquarters of Italy's paramilitary
police in Nasiriyah, killing 31 people, including 18 Italians, and
possibly trapping others.
(AP, 11/12/03)(AP, 11/13/03)
2003 Nov 13, Pres. Bush said
the US wants Iraqis to take more responsibility for governing their
troubled country and said coalition forces are determined to prevail
2003 Nov 14, The Bush
administration announced that it intends to hand over sovereignty to
the Iraqis by June 30, 2004.
(SSFC, 4/11/04, p.A22)
2003 Nov 14, Near Tikrit, Iraq,
an Apache helicopter attacked and killed 7 people believed to have
been preparing a rocket attack on a US base.
2003 Nov 15, The Iraqi
Governing Council and the US-led occupation administration in Iraq
signed an agreement to speed up the transfer of power to the IGC by
July, 2004, after a transitional government is selected and assumes
(AP, 11/15/03)(WSJ, 4/19/04, p.A14)
2003 Nov 15, Two US Army Black
Hawk helicopters collided under fire and crashed in the northern
Iraqi city of Mosul, killing at least 17 soldiers.
(AP, 11/16/03)(SSFC, 11/16/03, p.A1)
2003 Nov 15, In Iraq insurgents
and looters overran US bases in Samara when soldiers left in an
effort to let Iraqis handle security.
(WSJ, 11/19/03, p.A1)
2003 Nov 19, In Ramadi, Iraq, a
car bomb exploded late outside the home of a pro-American tribal
leader, killing one child.
2003 Nov 20, In Kirkuk, Iraq, a
bomb apparently hidden in a pickup truck exploded at the offices of
a US-allied Kurdish political party, killing five people and
2003 Nov 21, More than a dozen
rockets fired from donkey carts slammed into Iraq's Oil Ministry and
two downtown Baghdad hotels used by foreign journalists and civilian
2003 Nov 22, In Iraq suicide
attackers detonated bomb-packed vehicles at 2 police stations in
Kahn Bani Saad and Baquoba. 11 police officers and 5 civilians were
(AP, 11/22/03)(SSFC, 11/23/03, p.A18)
2003 Nov 22, A DHL Airbus cargo
jet transporting mail in Iraq was struck and damaged by a MANPAD.
Though hit in the left fuel tank, the plane was able to return to
the Baghdad airport and land safely.
2003 Nov 23, In Iraq the
Governing Council named Rend Rahim Francke, an Iraqi-American woman
and veteran lobbyist who has criticized Washington as being
shortsighted in Iraq, as its ambassador to the United States.
2003 Nov 23, In Iraq gunmen
killed two American soldiers driving through Mosul, and then a crowd
swarmed the scene, looting the soldiers' vehicle and pummeling their
bodies. Another soldier was killed in a roadside bombing north of
2003 Nov 24, The US-appointed
government raided the offices of Al-Arabiya television, banned its
broadcasts from Iraq for broadcasting an audiotape a week ago of a
voice it said belonged to Saddam Hussein.
2003 Nov 24, Gunmen in Mosul
ambushed US soldiers on patrol with a roadside bomb then opened fire
on them, wounding one.
2003 Nov 26, Maj. Gen. Abed
Hamed Mowhoush, an air defense general captured Oct. 5 in a raid
near the Syrian border, died. He was being questioned while in
American custody in Qaim near the Syrian border when he lost
consciousness after complaining he didn't feel well. In 2004 4 US
soldiers were charged with murder.
(AP, 11/27/03)(SFC, 10/5/04, p.A3)
2003 Nov 27, Pres. Bush flew to
Iraq under extraordinary secrecy and security to spend Thanksgiving
with US troops.
2003 Nov 29, In Iraq US
senators Hillary Rodham Clinton and Jack Reed met with local
officials in the oil-rich northern city of Kirkuk. Attackers in
Mahmudiyah killed 7 members of a Spanish intelligence team as it
returned from a mission. In northern Iraq gunmen ambushed and
murdered two Japanese diplomats and their Iraqi driver.
(AP, 11/29/03)(SSFC, 11/30/03, p.A1)(AP,
2003 Nov 30, In western Iraq
guerrillas killed two U.S. soldiers and wounded a third in an
ambush. Gunmen shot and killed 2 South Korean electricians and
wounded 2 others as they drove apparently to a power transmission
plant they were working at in Tikrit.
2003 Nov 30, The US military
said 54 Iraqis were killed in the northern city of Samarra as US
forces used tanks and cannons to fight their way out of simultaneous
ambushes while delivering new Iraqi currency to banks. Residents
said the next that the casualty figure was much lower and that the
dead were mostly civilians.
(AP, 12/1/03)(SFC, 12/2/03, p.A1)
2003 Nov 30, A bus carrying
Kuwaitis returning from the funeral of a Shiite Muslim religious
leader overturned in southern Iraq, killing at least 15 people.
2003 Nov, At least 104 soldiers
were killed in Iraq this month including 79 Americans.
(SFC, 12/2/03, p.A18)
2003 Nov, Cpl. Dustin Berg, a
national Guardsman from Indiana, killed an Iraqi police officer and
then shot himself in the stomach to give the impression of a
gunfight to block investigation. In 2005 Berg pleaded guilty to
negligent homicide. His sentence included 18 months in prison and a
bad conduct discharge.
(SFC, 7/26/05, p.A6)
2003 Dec 2, US troops have
captured or killed a "big fish" in a large military operation in
Kirkuk. American soldiers arrested dozens of people there in an
2003 Dec 3, The head of the
Iraqi Governing Council renewed his demand that a proposed
transitional legislature be elected by Iraqi voters, a move opposed
by U.S. occupation officials. Leaders of the top political parties
agreed with the US-led administration to create a militia picked by
the parties and governing council.
(AP, 12/3/03)(SFC, 12/4/03, p.A16)
2003 Dec 5, Syria continued to
reject US pressure to hand over an estimated $250 million that
Saddam Hussein's regime had deposited there.
(WSJ, 12/5/03, p.A1)
2003 Dec 7, Insurgents attacked
a U.S. military patrol in northern Iraq, killing one soldier and
2003 Dec 9, In Talafar, Iraq, a
suicide bomber blew up a car packed with explosives at the gates of
a military barracks, injuring 41 American troops and six Iraqi
civilians. Hours earlier, 3 soldiers died in a road accident in
central Iraq, and 3 civilians died when a Baghdad mosque was
2003 Dec 10, U.S. allies that
opposed the war in Iraq were angered and surprised by Deputy Sec. of
Defense Paul Wolfowitz's decision to bar their companies from
bidding for $18.6 billion worth of reconstruction contracts, with
France questioning its legality and Canada threatening to halt aid.
The 63-nation eligibility list excluded Germany, France, Russia and
(AP, 12/10/03)(WSJ, 12/10/03, p.A1)(Econ,
2003 Dec 10, Iraq's
U.S.-installed interim government established a special tribunal to
deal with crime against humanity committed by Saddam Hussein's
2003 Dec 10, Iraq's Health
Ministry has ordered a halt to a count of civilians killed during
the war and told its statistics department not to release figures
compiled so far.
2003 Dec 10, In Mosul, Iraq, 2
US soldiers were killed. In a Baghdad suburb armed men robbed a
government bank of almost $1.4 billion dinars ($800,000).
(SFC, 12/11/03, p.A17)
2003 Dec 10, Journalist Michael
Weisskopf (57) was seriously wounded when a grenade thrown into an
Army Humvee exploded as he attempted to throw it back out.
(SFC, 12/12/03, p.A22)
2003 Dec 11, US officials
delayed a conference for companies seeking $18.6 billion in
reconstruction contracts in Iraq by eight days until Dec. 19.
2003 Dec 11, Pentagon officials
said efforts to create a new Iraqi army to help take over the
country's security have suffered a setback with the resignations of
a third of the soldiers trained.
2003 Dec 11, In Iraq a suicide
bomber killed 1 US soldier and wounded 14 others at a military base
(SFC, 12/12/03, p.A22)
2003 Dec 12, Insurgents
detonated a bomb alongside a U.S. military convoy west of Baghdad on
Friday, killing one soldier and wounding two others.
2003 Dec 12, Pres. Bush said
that Halliburton, VP Dick Cheney's former company, should repay the
government if it overcharged for gasoline delivered in Iraq under a
(AP, 12/12/03)(WSJ, 12/12/03, p.A1)
2003 Dec 13, American forces
captured a bearded and haggard-looking Saddam Hussein in an
underground hide-out on a farm in Adwar near his hometown of Tikrit.
2 other Iraqis were arrested. Small arms and $750,000 in bills were
also seized. The 55 most-wanted Iraqis and their status, according
to U.S. Central Command: 39 were in custody, 13 remained at large, 2
were confirmed killed and one was reported killed.
(AP, 12/14/03)(SFC, 12/15/03, p.A13)
2003 Dec 14, In Baghdad a
suspected suicide attacker detonated a car bomb killing at least 17
people and wounding 35 others. A US soldier was killed trying to
diffuse a roadside bomb. Ryan Manelick, A US contract worker for
Ultra Services, was shot to death near Camp Anaconda. He was an
associate of Kirk von Ackerman, who disappeared Oct 9. Manelick had
told Army investigators kickbacks were being made to a US Army
(SFC, 12/15/03, p.A15)(SSFC, 2/13/05, p.A14)
2003 Dec 15, In Iraq a suicide
bomber driving a four-wheel drive taxi killed eight Iraqi policemen
in an attack on a station in Baghdad's northern outskirts.
2003 Dec 16, U.S. special envoy
James A. Baker III said France, Germany and the US agreed to seek
reductions in Iraq's foreign debt within the Paris Club of creditor
(AP, 12/16/03)(SFC, 12/17/03, p.A18)
2003 Dec 16, U.S. troops killed
11 guerrilla attackers, some of whom released a flock of pigeons to
signal the Americans' approach, in an ambush in a town north of
2003 Dec 17, In Baghdad an
explosives-laden truck speeding toward a police station slammed into
a bus and blew up before dawn, killing at least 10 Iraqis.
2003 Dec 17, In Iraq guerrillas
ambushed a U.S. military patrol with small arms fire, killing one
soldier at al-Karmah in northwest Baghdad. The soldier's death
brings the number of U.S. soldiers killed in combat to 314 since the
war started on March 20.
2003 Dec 17, Suspected
followers of Saddam Hussein shot to death Muhammad al-Hakim a
representative of a major Shiite political party and a member of the
Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution.
2003 Dec 19, U.S. troops
mistakenly shot and killed three Iraqi police officers and wounded
two others, thinking they were bandits.
2003 Dec 20, Insurgents
attacked pipelines and an oil storage depot in three parts of Iraq,
setting fires that blazed for hours and lost millions of gallons of
2003 Dec 22, In Iraq a roadside
bomb exploded near a U.S. military convoy, killing two American
soldiers and an Iraqi translator.
2003 Dec 22, Russia agreed to
write off 65% of the debt owed by Iraq.
(WSJ, 12/23/03, p.A1)
2003 Dec 24, In Iraq a string
of separate bombings killed 6 civilians and 3 American soldiers.
2003 Dec 25, In Iraq leaders of
Sunni Muslim groups agreed to form a State Council for the Sunnis in
order to speak with a unified voice during the transition to Iraqi
(SFC, 12/26/03, p.A9)
2003 Dec 26, In Iraq an
American soldier died in a rebel ambush and two others were killed
in bomb explosions.
2003 Dec 27, In Iraq insurgents
launched 3 coordinated attacks in the southern city of Karbala,
killing 13 people, including six Iraqi police officers, 2 Thai
soldiers and 5 Bulgarians.
(AP, 12/28/03)(SSFC, 12/28/03, p.A3)(WSJ,
12/29/03, p.A1)(AP, 12/27/04)
2003 Dec 28, A roadside bomb
killed an American soldier and two Iraqi children in Baghdad.
2003 Dec 29, Rebels lobbed a
grenade and fired on U.S. soldiers searching homes for insurgents in
the northern city of Mosul, triggering a firefight that left three
Iraqis dead and two U.S. soldiers wounded.
2003 Dec 29, Japan pledged to
forgive "the vast majority" of its Iraqi debt if other Paris Club
nations do the same. China later said it would consider the idea.
2003 Dec 31, In Iraq gunfire
erupted in Kirkuk as hundreds of Arabs and Turkmen marched in
protest over fears of Kurdish domination in the oil-rich northern
(AP, 12/31/03)(WSJ, 1/2/04, p.A1)
2003 Dec 31, A New Year's Eve
car bombing at the upscale Nabil restaurant in Baghdad killed 8
people and injured 35.
(AP, 1/1/04)(SFC, 1/1/04, p.A1)
2003 Iraqna, a unit of
Egypt-based Orascom Telecom Holding SAE, launched cell phone service
(WSJ, 7/19/05, p.B1)
2003 The US Navy sent several
dolphins to Iraq to clear the Umm Qasr harbor of mines.
(SFC, 5/18/10, p.C2)
2004 Jan 2, A U.S. military
helicopter crashed west of Baghdad, killing one soldier and wounding
2004 Jan 2, In central Iraq
insurgents hit a U.S. base with mortar shells, killing one American
soldier and wounding two others. A US helicopter was shot down near
Fallujah killing one American soldier.
(AP, 1/3/04)(SFC, 1/2/04, p.A5)
2004 Jan 3, In Tikrit, Iraq,
American soldiers opened fire with a machine gun on a taxi, killing
four Iraqi civilians, including a 7-year-old boy.
2004 Jan 5, In Iraq 2 French
contractors, working on electricity projects, were killed in a
drive-by shooting near Fallujah.
(WSJ, 4/1/04, p.A10)
2004 Jan 6, Iraqi police opened
fire on hundreds of stone-throwing former Iraqi soldiers demanding
monthly stipends promised by the U.S.-led coalition, and reporters
saw at least four protesters shot in the southern town of Basra.
2004 Jan 7, L. Paul Bremer, the
top American civilian official in Iraq, said U.S. authorities will
release 506 low-level Iraqi prisoners while increasing the bounties
for fugitives suspected of major roles in attacks against coalition
2004 Jan 8, In Iraq a US Black
Hawk medivac helicopter crashed near Fallujah killing all nine
2004 Jan 9, In Baqouba, Iraq,
an explosion ripped through a busy street as worshippers streamed
out of a Shiite Muslim mosque, killing 5 people and wounding dozens
of others. US soldiers in Kirkuk killed 2 Iraqi police officers.
(AP, 1/9/04)(SFC, 1/10/04, p.A8)(SSFC, 1/11/04,
2004 Jan 9, US Officials said
Pentagon lawyers had determined that former Iraq leader Saddam
Hussein was a prisoner of war since his capture.
2004 Jan 11, U.S.
paratroopers captured Khamis Sirhan al-Muhammad, a former regional
Baath Party chairman and militia commander a former Baath Party
official who was No. 54 on the list of 55 most-wanted figures from
Saddam Hussein's regime.
2004 Jan 11, Danish and
Icelandic troops reported a cache of 36 shells buried in the Iraqi
desert, and preliminary tests showed they contained a liquid blister
agent. The 120mm mortar shells are thought to be left over from the
eight-year war between Iraq and neighboring Iran, which ended in
2004 Jan 12, A roadside bomb
explosion in Baghdad killed one U.S. soldier and wounded two,
bringing the American death toll to nearly 500 since the start of
fighting in March. US soldiers killed an Iraqi man and a boy driving
in a car behind a convoy after a roadside bomb went off nearby.
(AP, 1/12/04)(SFC, 1/13/04, p.A10)
2004 Jan 13, Joe Darby, a US
soldier at Abu Ghraib prison, reported US abuses of Iraqi prisoners.
Criminal charges were lodged against 6 soldiers on Mar 20. In 2005
Spc. Charles Graner was convicted on 5 counts of assault and
sentenced to 10 years in a military stockade. Graner said he had
operated under orders from superior officers.
5/6/04, p.A17)(AP, 1/13/05)(SSFC, 1/16/05, p.A1)
2004 Jan 13, Hostile fire
brought down a U.S. Army Apache attack helicopter in Iraq, but the
two crew members escaped injury.
2004 Jan 14, The US Army
launched an inquiry into conditions at Abu Ghraib prison a day after
photos of abused prisoners were passed up the chain of command.
(WSJ, 5/7/04, p.A1)
2004 Jan 14, In Iraq a suicide
bomber detonated a bomb at a police station in Baquoba that killed 2
passers-by and wounded 26 others.
(SFC, 1/15/04, p.A8)
2004 Jan 15, Iraqi bank notes
bearing Saddam Hussein's portrait became obsolete as a three-month
period to exchange old bills for new ones came to an end. The new
currency required 27 flights of 747 planes for delivery.
(AP, 1/15/04)(WSJ, 1/20/04, p.A14)
2004 Jan 16, Paul Bremmer, the
U.S. administrator in Iraq, said the US will revise its plan to
create self-rule in Iraq, following consultations with President
2004 Jan 16, The US Army
awarded Halliburton a 2-year contract worth up to $1.2 billion to
rebuild the oil industry in southern Iraq.
(SFC, 1/17/04, p.A8)
2004 Jan 17, A roadside bomb
exploded near Baghdad, killing three U.S. soldiers and two Iraqi
civil defense troopers. The number of American service members who
have died since the Iraq war began reached 500.
2004 Jan 17, An explosive
device being transported in a car exploded near a U.S. Army patrol
in Tikrit, killing two men in the vehicle, one of them a relative of
2004 Jan 18, A suicide bomber
blew up a pickup truck packed with 1,000 pounds of explosives
outside the headquarters of the U.S.-led coalition, killed at least
31 people and injuring about 120, most of them Iraqis.
2004 Jan 19, Tens of thousands
of Shiite Muslims marched peacefully in Baghdad to demand an elected
2004 Jan 21, In central Iraq a
barrage of mortar fire struck a US military encampment, killing 2
American soldiers and critically wounding a third. In separate
incidents, gunmen ambushed a vehicle carrying Iraqi women who worked
in the laundry at a US military base, killing 4 of them,
2004 Jan 22, In Iraq gunmen
firing from a van killed two Iraqi policemen and wounded three
others in an attack on a checkpoint between Fallujah and Ramadi.
2004 Jan 23, A bomb planted in
a meeting room exploded after a gathering of the Iraqi Communist
Party, killing two men in an apparent attack on supporters of the
2004 Jan 24, A car bomb
exploded in Khaldiya, a town west of Baghdad, killing three American
soldiers and injuring six soldiers and several Iraqi civilians. A
series of bombings killed 5 U.S. soldiers in the Sunni Triangle.
(AP, 1/25/04)(WSJ, 2/13/04, p.A1)
2004 Jan 25, In northern Iraq a
US helicopter crashed while searching for a river patrol boat that
had capsized on the Tigris. A soldier and 2 pilots were missing. 4
Iraqi policemen manning a checkpoint outside Ramadi west of Baghdad
were killed in a drive-by shooting. Gunmen also killed three
policemen at another checkpoint in Ramadi. US soldiers arrested
nearly 50 people and confiscated weapons in several raids in Iraq's
volatile Sunni Triangle. Another soldier died of wounds from the
previous day's attacks.
(AP, 1/25/04)(AP, 1/26/04)
2004 Jan 27, Roadside bombs
killed 6 US soldiers in 2 blasts outside Baghdad. 2 CNN employees
were killed in an ambush as their crew returned to Baghdad from
(AP, 1/27/04)(SFC, 1/28/04, p.A9)
2004 Jan 27, In central Iraq US
soldiers killed 3 members of a suspected guerrilla cell linked to
the former Baathist regime.
2004 Jan 28, In Iraq some ten
thousand Shiite Muslims protested in the south to demand the
resignation of the U.S.-appointed provincial governor.
2004 Jan 28, In Iraq a suicide
bomber blew up a van disguised as an ambulance in front of the
Shaheen Hotel after speeding through a security barrier in the heart
of Baghdad, killing three people, including a South African, and
(AP, 1/28/04)(SFC, 1/28/04, p.A9)
2004 Jan 28, David Kay, former
head of the CIA's weapons search team in Iraq, told Congress no
weapons of mass destruction had been found and that prewar
intelligence was "almost all wrong." In 2007 Bob Drogin authored
“Curveball: Spies, Lies, and the Con Man Who Caused a War."
Curveball was the code name for an Iraqi chemical engineer who
turned up in Germany in 1999 and served as the source for Iraq’s
chemical and biological weapons pro-grams. In 2011 Rafid Ahmed Alwan
al-Janabi, identified as the informer called "Curveball," said he is
proud that he lied about his country developing mobile biological
(SSFC, 4/11/04, p.A22)(WSJ, 10/13/07, p.W8)(Econ,
11/3/07, p.100)(AP, 2/16/11)
2004 Jan 29, In central Iraq a
roadside bomb exploded in Baqouba, wounding 11 Iraqis.
2004 Jan 31, In Iraq a car bomb
targeting a police station in Mosul killed nine people and injured
45 others, while three American soldiers died when a roadside bomb
ripped through their convoy near the oil-rich city of Kirkuk.
2004 Feb 1, In Irbil, Iraq, 2
suicide bombers struck the offices of two U.S.-backed Kurdish
parties in near-simultaneous attacks as hundreds of Iraqis gathered
to celebrate a Muslim holiday. At least 101 people were killed and
more than 235 were wounded. Also about 20 Iraqis were killed when
they accidentally set off an explosion while looting a former Iraqi
munitions dump in the Polish-controlled south-central region of the
(AP, 2/2/04)(WSJ, 2/4/04, p.A1)
2004 Feb 5, U.S. and Iraqi
forces captured more than 100 suspected guerrillas in raids across
the country, arresting one of Saddam Hussein's intelligence chiefs
and another Iraqi believed involved in a suicide bombing last month,
2004 Feb 8, In Suwayrah, Iraq,
a bomb inside a police station exploded soon after the morning roll
call, killing 3 police officer and injuring 11 others.
2004 Feb 8, A UN team met with
Iraqi leaders to discuss the feasibility of early legislative
elections, and its leader pledged to do "everything possible" to
help the country regain its sovereignty.
2004 Feb 10, In Iskandariyah,
Iraq, a car bomb exploded at a police station south of Baghdad as
dozens of would-be recruits lined up to apply for jobs, and a
hospital official said at least 53 people were killed and 50 others
(AP, 2/10/04)(WSJ, 2/11/04, p.A1)
2004 Feb 11, In Iraq a suicide
attacker blew up a car packed with explosives in a crowd of hundreds
of Iraqis waiting outside a Baghdad army recruiting center, killing
47 people in the second bombing in two days.
2004 Feb 14, In Iraq guerrillas
launched a bold daylight assault on an Iraqi police station and
security compound west of Baghdad, freeing prisoners and sparking a
gunbattle that killed 23 people and wounded 33.
(SSFC, 2/15/04, p.A1)(AP, 2/14/05)
2004 Feb 15, Iraqi police
arrested No. 41 on the American military's most-wanted list, Baath
Party official Mohammed Zimam Abdul-Razaq.
2004 Feb 16, In Iraq 3 U.S.
soldiers were killed in roadside bomb blasts. A bomb exploded in a
schoolyard in a Shiite Muslim neighborhood in Baghdad, killing at
least one child and wounding three other people,
(AP, 2/16/04)(SFC, 2/17/04, p.A3)
2004 Feb 17, In Iraq roadside
bombs killed 2 U.S. soldiers in separate attacks in Baghdad and
Sunni Muslim areas to the north of the capital.
2004 Feb 18, In Iraq 2 trucks
packed with explosives blew up outside Hilla, Polish-run base south
of Baghdad, after coalition forces opened fire on the suicide
bombers racing toward them. 11 Iraqi civilians were killed and at
least 64 people were wounded.
(AP, 2/18/04)(SFC, 2/19/04, p.A14)
2004 Feb 19, In Iraq an
explosion ripped through an infantry patrol in an insurgent center
west of Baghdad, killing two U.S. soldiers and injuring another.
2004 Feb 21, The International
Red Cross visited former Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein, who was in
2004 Feb 22, Gunmen
attacked Iraqi police in two northern Iraqi cities, sparking clashes
that killed two attackers. Meanwhile, jailed former Iraqi leader
Saddam Hussein wrote a letter to his family for the international
Red Cross to deliver.
2004 Feb 23, In Iraq a suicide
bomber detonated an explosive-packed vehicle outside an Iraqi police
station in a Kurdish neighborhood of Kirkuk, killing at least seven
people and wounding at least 35 others.
2004 Feb 25, Two American
soldiers were killed when their Kiowa helicopter crashed in a river
west of Baghdad. Witnesses indicated that it was shot down. Gunmen
assassinated the deputy police chief in Mosul.
(AP, 2/25/04)(WSJ, 2/26/04, p.A1)
2004 Feb 28, Iraq's U.S.-picked
leaders failed to meet a deadline for adopting an interim
2004 Feb, Mohammad Munim
al-Izmerly (65), Iraqi weapons scientist, died while in US custody.
His body was delivered to Al-Kharkh Hospital in Baghdad. The
Egyptian-born scientist had been in US detention since April 2003.
The Americans enclosed a death certificate saying he died of
"brainstem compression." An Investigation into his death was opened
2004 Mar 1, Iraqi politicians
agreed on an interim constitution with 2 official languages, a wide
ranging bill of rights and a single chief executive, bridging a gulf
between members over the role of Islam in the future government.
(AP, 3/1/04)(WSJ, 3/2/04, p.A1)
2004 Mar 2, Attacks on Shiite
Muslims in Iraq killed at least 180 people as multiple explosions
hit Shiite shrines in Baghdad and Karbala on the Shia festival of
Ashura. An Iranian vice president blamed al-Qaida for the attacks.
(AP, 3/3/04)(SSFC, 2/20/05,
2004 Mar 5, The signing of
Iraq's interim constitution was delayed indefinitely after five
Shiite members of the Governing Council rejected concessions made to
Kurds and the makeup of the presidency.
2004 Mar 7, In Iraq insurgents
in a car fired rocket-propelled grenades at a police station in
Mosul, and two Iraqi civilians were killed.
2004 Mar 8, Iraq's Governing
Council signed a landmark interim constitution after resolving a
political impasse sparked by objections from the country's most
2004 Mar 8, Abul Abbas (56),
the Palestinian who planned the 1985 hijacking of the Achille Lauro
passenger ship in which a wheelchair-bound American tourist was
killed and thrown overboard, died of natural causes in Baghdad while
in U.S. custody.
2004 Mar 9, In Iraq 2 US
civilians and their Iraqi interpreter were killed. 4 Iraqis were
arrested and appeared to be active Iraqi police officers working
with a Saddam Hussein loyalist.
(WSJ, 3/12/04, p.A1)(SFC, 3/13/04, p.A3)
2004 Mar 11, In Iraq 2 American
soldiers were killed when the Humvee they were riding in struck a
2004 Mar 13, In Tikrit, Iraq, a
roadside bomb killed two American soldiers and wounded three. 3
American soldiers died in two bomb explosions in Baghdad. A 4th died
from his injuries the next morning.
(AP, 3/13/04)(AP, 3/14/04)
2004 Mar 15, In Iraq 4 American
missionary relief workers were killed in a drive-by shooting in
(SFC, 3/16/04, p.A14)(AP, 3/15/05)
2004 Mar 16, Two contractors,
German and Dutch, working on a water-supply project south of Baghdad
were shot to death, and their deaths brought to six the number of
foreigners killed in drive-by shootings in the past 24 hours.
(AP, 3/16/04)(WSJ, 4/1/04, p.A10)
2004 Mar 17, In Iraq a car bomb
tore apart the five-story Mount Lebanon Hotel in central Baghdad,
killing 7 people. In northeastern Iraq gunmen opened fire on a
minibus, killing three Iraqi journalists and wounding nine other
employees of a coalition-funded TV station. Insurgents killed two
U.S. Marines who were on patrol in al-Anbar province. In Mosul 4 US
Baptist missionaries were killed in a drive-by shooting.
(AP, 3/18/04)(SFC, 3/18/04, p.A1)(AP,
3/19/04)(WSJ, 4/1/04, p.A10)
2004 Mar 18, In Iraq a car bomb
exploded at a hotel in the southern city of Basra as a British
military patrol passed by, killing five Iraqi bystanders. US Army
soldiers shot 2 al-Arabiya television network employees. [see Mar
(AP, 3/18/04)(SFC, 3/30/04, p.A3)
2004 Mar 19, The US Justice
Dept. issued a draft opinion that authorized the agency to transfer
detainees out of Iraq for interrogation.
(SSFC, 10/24/04, p.A1)
2004 Mar 19, In Iraq a reporter
for Arab satellite television station Al-Arabiya died from his
wounds after U.S. soldiers shot him hours earlier along with a
cameraman, who died at the scene.
(AP, 3/19/04)(SFC, 3/30/04, p.A1)
2004 Mar 21, In western Iraq
insurgents fired a rocket at U.S. troops, killing two soldiers,
while in Baghdad rockets fired toward the U.S.-led coalition
headquarters killed two Iraqi civilians and injured a U.S. soldier.
2004 Mar 22, A car bomb blew up
near a U.S. Air Force base north of Baghdad, killing two Iraqi
civilians and wounding 25 others. The U.S. military said a bomb
killed a U.S. soldier and an Iraqi interpreter in Baghdad.
2004 Mar 22, The Finnish
Foreign Ministry said two Finnish businessmen were shot and killed
2004 Mar 23, In Iraq gunmen
opened fire on a van filled with police recruits south of Baghdad,
killing nine. Other assailants shot and killed two policemen, twin
brothers, north of the capital.
2004 Mar 24, In Iraq a gun
battle with insurgents killed one American soldier and three rebels.
2004 Mar 24, Insurgents bombed
an oil well in northern Iraq, sparking a fire that raged for 24
hours before being extinguished.
2004 Mar 25, A U.S. soldier
died in a bombing north of Baghdad amid warnings that attacks will
likely increase with fewer than 100 days left before the coalition
hands over sovereignty.
2004 Mar 26, West of Baghdad,
U.S. Marines and gunmen fought an hour-long battle that left four
Iraqis dead and six wounded. A U.S. Marine and an ABC freelance
cameraman were killed during a bitter, hours-long firefight between
American troops and Iraqi insurgents in the city of Fallujah, while
18 people died in violence elsewhere across Iraq.
(AP, 3/26/04)(AP, 3/27/04)
2004 Mar 28, In Iraq US
soldiers in the northern city of Mosul shot and killed four rebels
suspected of involvement in attacks in the region. Gunmen in Mosul
killed 2 British and Canadian electrical engineers. Coalition forces
closed Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr's newspaper, claiming it
incited anti-US violence.
(AP, 3/29/04)(WSJ, 4/1/04, p.A10)(WSJ, 4/19/04,
2004 Mar 30, In Iraq a suicide
bombing outside the house of a police chief killed the attacker and
wounded seven others. Elsewhere, a U.S. soldier died in a bomb
blast, and Spanish soldiers and Iraqi police quelled a riot by
2004 Mar 31, In Fallujah, Iraq,
jubilant residents dragged the charred corpses of 4 American private
security guards, from Blackwater Security Consulting, through the
streets and hanged them from a bridge spanning the Euphrates River.
5 American soldiers died in a roadside bombing nearby. In 2011 a
judge tossed a lawsuit that blamed Blackwater for the deaths of the
(AP, 3/31/04)(SFC, 4/1/04, p.A1)(SFC, 4/2/04,