Timeline Iraq 2006-2007

Iraq A thru 1999
Iraq B 2000-2005
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2006        Jan 1, Insurgents exploded 13 car bombs across Iraq, including eight in Baghdad within a three-hour span, but the New Year's Day onslaught killed no one and injured only 20 people.
    (AP, 1/1/06)

2006        Jan 2, In Iraq the main Sunni Arab group, the Iraqi Accordance Front, and Kurdish regional Pres. Massoud Barzani agreed on broad outlines for a coalition government.
    (SFC, 1/3/06, p.A5)
2006        Jan 2, A suicide car bomber targeted a busload of police recruits north of Baghdad, killing seven people, and gunmen in the capital killed five workers.
    (AP, 1/2/06)
2006        Jan 2, US aircraft bombed a house in Beiji, 155 miles north of Baghdad, killing seven people and wounding four. Iraqis claimed an innocent family was killed. US military said a recon drone had recorded men planting a roadside bomb and traced them to the building.
    (AP, 1/3/06)(SFC, 1/4/06, p.A3)

2006        Jan 3, Gunmen attacked a car carrying construction workers in western Baghdad, killing three and wounding two. Gunmen in the same neighborhood fired on a car carrying civilians, killing two and wounding three. The sister of Iraqi Interior Minister Bayan Jabr was kidnapped and her bodyguard killed. The nephew of Maj. Gen. Ali Al-Yasiri, Baghdad rescue police commander, was kidnapped.
    (AP, 1/3/06)(SFC, 1/4/06, p.A3)

2006        Jan 4, An Iraqi Interior Ministry official said more than 7,000 Iraqis, most of them civilians, were killed in violence in 2005, the first year that Iraqi officials have kept such records.
    (AP, 1/4/06)
2006        Jan 4, In Iraq a suicide bomber killed 32 mourners and wounded dozens at a funeral for the nephew of a Shiite politician, one of several attacks across the country that killed a total of 53 people.
    (AP, 1/4/06)

2006        Jan 5, A suicide bomber infiltrated a line of police recruits in Ramadi, killing at least 58 and wounding dozens including a US Marine and soldier. 11 US troops were slain during the day. 5 soldiers were killed by a roadside bomb south of Karbala. 2 soldiers were killed in the Baghdad area when their vehicle hit a roadside bomb. 2 US Marines were killed by separate small arms attacks while conducting combat operations in Fallujah. An explosion near one of Shiite Islam's holiest shrines killed at least 5 people. The day’s death toll rose to at least 136 people in a series of attacks as politicians tried to form a coalition government.
    (AP, 1/6/06)
2006        Jan 5, Iraq's largest oil refinery closed again, a day after insurgents ambushed a convoy of tanker trucks carrying gas from the facility.
    (AP, 1/5/06)

2006        Jan 6, A suicide car bomber struck a police patrol in Baghdad, killing one officer.
    (AP, 1/6/06)

2006        Jan 7, In Iraq gunmen kidnapped Jill Carroll, a female American journalist, and killed her Iraqi translator in western Baghdad. Carroll was freed almost three months later.
    (AP, 1/7/07)(www.csmonitor.com/2006/0110/p01s04-woiq.html)
2006        Jan 7, Talib Enezy Ghadban, an Iraqi detainee held at the US-controlled Abu Ghraib prison in Baghdad, died in custody. The military said he died of complications from an apparent stroke and an investigation was under way.
    (AP, 2/6/06)
2006        Jan 7, A US Black Hawk helicopter crashed in northern Iraq, killing all 12 Americans believed to be aboard. 2 US Marines were killed by roadside bombs in separate incidents.
    (AP, 1/8/06)
2006        Jan 7, The French engineer, Bernard Planche (52), was pushed out of a car near a checkpoint in a Baghdad suburb. He had been kidnapped Dec 5.
    (AP, 1/8/06)
2006        Jan 7, Visiting Foreign Secretary Jack Straw has said it was hoped Britain's 8,000 troops would start to withdraw from Iraq in a matter of months.
    (AP, 1/7/06)

2006        Jan 8, In Iraq 3 Marines were killed by small arms attacks in Fallujah, 40 miles west of Baghdad. 5 people were killed in separate attacks in Baghdad, including a policeman killed by a suicide car bomber that targeted an Interior Ministry patrol. Seven others were wounded.
    (AP, 1/8/06)

2006        Jan 9, In Iraq insurgents exploded a suicide car bomb and launched two mortar shells at the Interior Ministry during National Police Day celebrations, killing 29 people and injuring 18.
    (AP, 1/9/06)

2006        Jan 11, In Iraq US troops in Baghdad killed 6 insurgents, including 2 wearing explosive belts.
    (WSJ, 1/12/06, p.A1)

2006        Jan 12, A German court convicted Amin Lokman Mohamed (33), an Iraqi man, of aiding a terror group in his home country and sentenced him to seven years in prison.
    (AP, 1/12/06)

2006        Jan 13, A US Army reconnaissance helicopter was shot down by insurgents in the northern city of Mosul, killing its two pilots.
    (AP, 1/13/06)(SFC, 1/14/06, p.A6)

2006        Jan 14, The chief judge in Saddam Hussein's trial (Rizgar Mohammed Amin) submitted his resignation. He was succeeded by Raouf Rasheed Abdel-Rahman. An Iraqi sailor was killed and nine were captured by an Iranian Navy vessel during a skirmish in the Gulf near the southern Iraqi city of Basra. Iraqi coast guardsmen were pursuing suspected oil smugglers in disputed territorial waters. 
    (AP, 1/17/06)(SFC, 1/18/06, p.A7)(AP, 1/14/07)

2006        Jan 15, The US military freed 509 Iraqi detainees from three prisons in Iraq, including two journalists who work for Reuters.
    (AFP, 1/15/06)

2006        Jan 16, In Baghdad, Iraq, a car bomb detonated next to a police convoy, killing a 6-year-old child and five police officers. A US military helicopter crashed north of Baghdad killing the two crew members. It was the third American chopper to go down in 10 days.
    (AP, 1/16/06)

2006        Jan 17, In Iraq masked gunmen killed two people in attacks on an election headquarters and a Kurdish political party office in the northern city of Kirkuk. Hostage American reporter Jill Carroll appeared in a silent 20-second video aired by Al-Jazeera television, which said her abductors had given the United States 72 hours to free female prisoners in Iraq or she would be killed. Carroll was freed unharmed on March 30, 2006.
    (AP, 1/17/06)(AP, 1/17/07)

2006        Jan 18, In Iraq gunmen killed at least 10 security guards and seized an African engineer from Malawi in an ambush. 2 Americans were killed in a roadside bombing in Basra. The sister of Iraq's interior minister was freed by kidnappers about two weeks after being seized in Baghdad. The bodies of three men were found in a Baghdad apartment with gunshot wounds to the head. Sadad al-Batah, a Sunni Arab tribal leader related to Defense Minister Saadoun al-Dulaimi, was killed along with his nephew and a third person. 30 people were dragged from their cars and shot execution style in Nibaei.
    (AP, 1/18/06)(SFC, 1/19/06, p.A8)

2006        Jan 19, In Iraq 2 near-simultaneous bombings targeted a crowded downtown Baghdad coffee shop and nearby restaurant, killing at least 23 people and wounding 26.
    (AP, 1/19/06)

2006        Jan 20, Iraq’s election commission said an alliance of Shiite religious parties won the most seats in Iraq's new parliament but not enough to rule without coalition partners.
    (AP, 1/20/06)
2006        Jan 20, A top Sunni politician appealed for the release of American journalist Jill Carroll and urged US and Iraqi forces to stop arresting Iraqi women as a deadline set by the reporter's kidnappers was set to lapse.
    (AP, 1/20/06)

2006        Jan 21, In Iraq Sunni Arab politicians called for a government of national unity and signaled they will use their increased numbers in parliament to curb the power of rival Shiites, who have claimed the biggest number of seats in the new legislature.
    (AP, 1/21/06)
2006        Jan 21, A spate of bombings and shootings across Iraq killed at least eight Iraqis. Britain announced the death of a British security worker in a roadside blast.
    (AP, 1/21/06)

2006        Jan 22, Bomb blasts, shootings and rocket-propelled grenade attacks killed at least 13 people throughout Iraq, including a policeman's four children. Sunni Arab leaders opposed anyone linked with sectarian violence being given ministries in the next government. 2 American airmen died in a roadside bombings near Taji. Another car bomb exploded on a highway about 20 miles south of Baghdad, killing one Iraqi civilian and wounding four others. Drive-by gunmen shot dead a doctor who worked at the Iraqi Health Ministry as he drove to work in Baghdad's Saydiyah neighborhood.
    (AP, 1/22/06)(AP, 1/23/06)
2006        Jan 22, The US military confirmed that the last of 2 Reuters journalists detained by US military in Iraq was freed after nearly eight months without being charged. 2 others were released Jan 15.
    (AP, 1/23/06)

2006        Jan 23, A suicide car bomber killed at least three Iraqis Monday near the Green Zone housing the US Embassy and Iraqi government. 2 American servicemen died in a roadside bombing in Baghdad. 2 Marines died in a vehicle accident in western Iraq. Armed men, some wearing police commando uniforms, raided homes and a mosque in a predominantly Sunni Arab neighborhood of northern Baghdad. They shot and killed three men on the spot and detained more than 20.
    (AP, 1/23/06)(AP, 1/24/06)

2006        Jan 24, In northern Iraq gunmen wearing Iraqi army uniforms kidnapped two German engineers. Both were later released. British troops detained several police officers among more than a dozen people linked to a series of killings, bombings and kidnappings in the southern city of Basra. US Marines and Iraqi soldiers killed 7 insurgents in Ramadi. Mahmoud Zaal (30), a cameraman for the Baghdad TV network, was mistaken for a combatant and killed by Marine fire.
    (SFC, 1/26/06, p.A10)(AP, 1/24/07)

2006        Jan 25, The Iraqi Ministry of Justice said it would release 5 of 8 female detainees as part of a larger release program.
    (SFC, 1/26/06, p.A10)
2006        Jan 25, Iraqi police shot dead a Sunni cleric at a checkpoint north of Baghdad. Gunmen killed a policeman in the capital's Sadr City neighborhood.
    (AP, 1/25/06)
2006        Jan 25, Kamal Said Qadir (48), an Austrian citizen sentenced by a court in northern Iraq to 25 years in prison last month after being convicted of dishonoring the Kurdish cause, was released from custody. After moving to Austria a few years ago, he wrote articles that accused the powerful Kurdistan Democratic Party of corruption.
    (AP, 1/26/06)
2006        Jan 25, In Iraq a US soldier was killed and another wounded by a roadside bomb blast south of Baghdad, while three Iraqi police died in a similar attack.
    (AP, 1/26/06)

2006        Jan 26, In Iraq the US military released five Iraqi women detainees, a move demanded by the kidnappers of an American reporter to spare her life, but an official said the release was coincidental.
    (AP, 1/26/06)

2006        Jan 27, Basra's governor threatened to stop dealing with British forces unless they release several Iraqis detained this week, including policemen suspected of links to local killings and kidnappings. Iraqi special forces backed by US troops raided houses in Baghdad and detained 60 suspected insurgents.
    (AP, 1/27/06)(WSJ, 1/28/06, p.A1)

2006        Jan 28, According to a new tape the kidnappers of four Christian peace activists threatened to kill them unless all Iraqi prisoners are released from Iraqi and US prisons. The aired tape was date Jan 21. The 4 workers disappeared last Nov 26.
    (AP, 1/28/06)
2006        Jan 28, A Sunni Arab leader condemned recent police crackdowns on Sunni neighborhoods in the Iraqi capital and demanded government protection from further raids. At least eight people were killed in attacks across Iraq. A US soldier was killed in a roadside bomb blast in Baghdad.
    (AP, 1/28/06)(SFC, 1/30/06, p.A7)

2006        Jan 29, In Iraq ABC news anchor Bob Woodruff and camera operator Doug Vogt were seriously injured in a roadside bombing near Taji.
    (AP, 1/29/06)
2006        Jan 29, Car bombs exploded in a synchronized spree of attacks outside at least four churches in Baghdad and the northern city of Kirkuk, killing at least three Iraqis and wounding 9. US troops killed three suspected insurgents wearing Iraqi police uniforms in Kirkuk. A bomb killed 11 people in a shop selling sweets in the town of Iskindiraya south of Baghdad overnight. Violence killed at least 20 people, including 13 Iraqi policemen and soldiers. A car bomb killed 4 Iraqi soldiers in Uja. Former Lt. Gen. Mahmoud Idham was assassinated near Tikrit.
    (AP, 1/29/06)(Reuters, 1/29/06)(SFC, 1/30/06, p.A7)

2006        Jan 30, Iraqi and UN health officials said a 15-year-old girl who died this month was a victim of the deadly H5N1 strain of the bird flu virus, the first confirmed case of the disease in the Middle East.
    (AP, 1/30/06)
2006        Jan 30, In Iraq US soldiers backed by warplanes killed two militants in Ramadi, while at least one Iraqi policeman died and dozens were wounded in a suicide car bomb attack on their base south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 1/30/06)

2006        Jan 31, A British soldier was killed in a roadside bombing, the second member of the country's armed forces to die in Iraq in as many days and the 100th fatality since the conflict began nearly three years ago.
    (AP, 1/31/06)
2006        Jan 31, In Iraq the bodies of 11 men were found in western Baghdad. Some had been shot repeatedly and bore marks of torture. Gunmen killed 2 members of the Dawra district council. Gunmen killed Malik Razoki Abd, a district council member in western Baghdad.
    (SFC, 2/1/06, p.A8)
2006        Jan 31, Japan said it will begin withdrawing its troops from Iraq in March and complete the pullout by May, ending its largest military mission since the end of World War II.
    (AP, 1/31/06)

2006        Feb 1, Saddam Hussein and four other defendants refused to attend their trial, and their defense attorneys boycotted the proceedings, demanding the removal of the chief judge they claim is biased against the former Iraqi leader.
    (AP, 2/1/06)
2006        Feb 1, A bomb exploded alongside a group of Iraqi men waiting for work in eastern Baghdad, killing at least eight and wounding more than 50. A key Sunni Arab leader threatened to call for a nationwide "uprising" unless the Shiite interior minister is replaced.
    (AP, 2/1/06)
2006        Feb 1, A roadside bomb blast killed three US soldiers south of Baghdad, while a fourth soldier died the same day from wounds sustained in a small-arms fire attack in the capital's southwest. A US Marine was fatally wounded during combat near the western city of Fallujah.
    (AP, 2/2/06)

2006        Feb 2, A US helicopter fired rockets into a crowded Shiite neighborhood of eastern Baghdad, killing a young woman, after the aircraft was fired on. In eastern Baghdad 2 bombs exploded about 20 minutes apart, killing at least 11 Iraqis and wounding dozens. A US soldier was killed in a roadside bombing north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 2/2/06)(SFC, 2/4/06, p.A7)
2006        Feb 2, In Iraq a mortar attack on the Northern Oil. Co. in Kirkuk resulted in devastating pipeline fires and a shut down of all oil operations in the area. The director of the plant was arrested 2 days later along with several employees and police officials and all were charged with helping to orchestrate the attack.
    (SSFC, 2/5/06, p.A18) 

2006        Feb 3, The bullet-riddled bodies of 14 Sunni Arab men purportedly seized by Shiite-led forces last week were found in Baghdad. The next day a prominent Sunni politician accused the government of pushing Iraq toward "civil war." Iraqi police rounded up nearly 60 people in Baghdad and Basra in a security crackdown.
    (AP, 2/4/06)(SFC, 2/4/06, p.A7)

2006        Feb 5, The head of a government watchdog agency said Iraqi authorities issued arrest warrants for Meshaan al-Jiburi, a Sunni Arab member of parliament and his son, Yazin, accusing them of embezzling millions of dollars meant to protect vulnerable oil pipelines.
    (AP, 2/5/06)
2006        Feb 5, In Iraq the bullet-riddled bodies of two Shiites were found in the latest round of killings between rival Sunni and Shiite groups.
    (AP, 2/5/06)

2006        Feb 6, Police uncovered the bullet-riddled bodies of two Sunni brothers in Baghdad. Gunmen also shot and killed a retired teacher, aged 60, and wounded his son in another drive-by shooting in southern Baghdad. Drive-by gunmen and roadside bombs killed at least 11 people across Iraq.
    (AP, 2/6/06)(AP, 2/7/06)
2006        Feb 6, In Iraq 3 US Marines were killed by a bomb blast in Hit, 85 miles west of Baghdad. Another Marine died from wounds caused by a bomb blast a day earlier in an unspecified location within Anbar province.
    (AP, 2/7/06)
2006        Feb 6, El Salvador said it will send another contingent of 380 soldiers to Iraq, making it the country's sixth group to serve six-month rotations in the war-torn nation.
    (AP, 2/7/06)

2006        Feb 7, Masked gunmen assassinated a Sunni Arab cleric who headed the city council in once-restive city of Fallujah, and two bombs exploded minutes apart near a central Baghdad square, killing at least seven people and wounding 20.
    (AP, 2/7/06)

2006        Feb 9, A roadside bomb blast killed two US Marines near the western Anbar province city of Fallujah.
    (AP, 2/10/06)
2006        Feb 9, Kidnapped American journalist Jill Carroll appeared in a video aired on a private Kuwaiti TV channel, appealing for her supporters to do whatever it takes to win her release and saying "there is a very short time." She was freed on March 30, 2006.
    (AP, 2/9/06)(AP, 2/9/07)

2006        Feb 10, A car bomb exploded outside a Sunni Muslim mosque in Baghdad, killing at least 8 people. Masked gunmen appeared at the scene later, killing one woman and wounding several other people near the blast-damaged building.
    (AP, 2/10/06)

2006        Feb 11, An Iraqi army spokesman was assassinated in Basra.
    (AP, 2/11/06)

2006        Feb 12, Shiite lawmakers chose incumbent Ibrahim al-Jaafari to be Iraq's new prime minister, taking a key step in forming a government nearly two months after national elections.
    (AP, 2/12/06)
2006        Feb 12, Video images of British soldiers allegedly beating Iraqi youths with batons and fists aired throughout the Middle East and Britain, outraging locals and prompting British Prime Minister Tony Blair to vow a full investigation.
    (AP, 2/12/06)
2006        Feb 12, Bomb blasts and shootings killed at least three people in Baghdad and north of the Iraqi capital, including an Education Ministry official and an elderly woman. At least 22 people were wounded.
    (AP, 2/12/06)

2006        Feb 13, In Baghdad a suicide bomber detonated an explosive belt in a line of Iraqis waiting to receive government payments, killing 8 people and wounding about 30, including children. 11 other people were killed in attacks elsewhere in the country, including five members of a Shiite religious party and four policemen, among them a colonel.
    (AP, 2/13/06)

2006        Feb 14, Gunmen attacked a group of Iraqi Shiites working on a farm north of Baghdad, killing 11 and wounding two. A roadside bomb killed a US Marine in western Baghdad in one of two attacks that also wounded six coalition military personnel.
    (AP, 2/14/06)

2006        Feb 15, Nermine Othman, Iraq's human rights minister, said that some 170 Iraqis were tortured last year in a secret prison in Baghdad and she would recommend prosecutions of officials, including judges who did not report the abuses. The torture occurred in Interior Ministry buildings, including one in Baghdad's Jadriyah district.
    (AP, 2/15/06)
2006        Feb 15, A bomb exploded on a central Baghdad street, killing three girls and a boy walking to school. The dead included two sisters and their brother. At least 14 other people, including six policemen, died in car bombings and shootings across the Iraqi capital. In July, 2006, Spc. Nathan Lynn (21) of South Williamsport, Penn., was acquitted of voluntary manslaughter and conspiracy to obstruct justice over the death of Gani Ahmed Zaben during a Feb. 15 raid on a suspect's house.
    (AP, 2/15/06)(AP, 7/23/06)
2006        Feb 15, An Australian television network broadcast photographs and video clips that it said were previously unpublished images of the abuse of Iraqis held in US military custody at Abu Ghraib prison in 2003. Many of the images broadcast were more graphic than those previously published, showing what appear to be dead bodies, as well as wounded people and prisoners performing sex acts.
    (AP, 2/15/06)
2006        Feb 15, Russia's foreign minister said that Iran must eliminate international concerns it could use its nuclear program to make weapons before Moscow will support Tehran's right to domestically enrich uranium.
    (AP, 2/15/06)

2006        Feb 16, A top official said Iraq's Interior Ministry has launched an investigation into claims that Shiite-led death squads have been operating in the country. Attacks around the country killed at least 19 people, including six Iraqis in a car bombing and three sheiks in a drive-by shooting.
    (AP, 2/16/06)(WSJ, 2/17/06, p.A1)
2006        Feb 16, In Baghdad, Iraq, gunmen wearing Iraqi special forces uniforms kidnapped Ghalib Abdul Hussein Kubba, director-general of the Basra International Bank, and his son after killing five of their bodyguards.
    (AP, 2/17/06)
2006        Feb 16, In southern Iraq 2 Macedonians working for a cleaning company were abducted in Basra. A $1 million ransom was demanded for their release.
    (AP, 2/18/06)

2006        Feb 17, In Iraq authorities also found the bodies of three men who had been bound and shot in the head in northern Baghdad. 2 gunmen stormed into a fashion accessories store in southern Baghdad's Maalif area and killed two brothers working there. Drive-by gunmen killed a cigarette salesman in Husseiniyah, a town about 20 miles northeast of Baghdad.
    (AP, 2/17/06)
2006        Feb 17, An Iraqi contractor pleaded guilty to adding $1.14 million in fraudulent surcharges after Halliburton hired his company to fly in military cargo.
    (WSJ, 2/18/06, p.A1)

2006        Feb 18, A spate of roadside bombings in Baghdad and north of the capital killed a US soldier and at least 11 Iraqis.
    (AP, 2/18/06)
2006        Feb 18, A German plane from Azerbaijan went missing in northern Iraq. 5 Germans and an Iraqi on board were found dead the next day.
    (AP, 2/19/06)

2006        Feb 19, Gunmen ambushed a convoy of trucks carrying construction material to US military north of Baghdad, killing four Iraqi drivers. A police general also died in a roadside bombing in northern Iraq.
    (AP, 2/19/06)

2006        Feb 20, Zalmay Khalilzad, US ambassador to Iraq, warned Iraqi politicians they risk a loss of American support if they do not establish a genuine national unity government, saying the US will not invest its resources in institutions run by sectarians. At least 24 people, including an American soldier, were killed by bombings in Baghdad and elsewhere. Two Macedonian contractors were freed by kidnappers four days after they were abducted in Basra.
    (AP, 2/20/06)
2006        Feb 20, In Iraq the governing council of Karbala province said it was suspending contact with US forces over the behavior of soldiers during a visit to the governor's office two days ago.
    (AP, 2/20/06)

2006        Feb 21, In Iraq a car bomb exploded on a street packed with shoppers in a Shiite area of Baghdad, killing 22 people and wounding 28. Elsewhere 8 other Iraqis were killed.
    (AP, 2/21/06)(WSJ, 2/22/06, p.A1)

2006        Feb 22, In Iraq suspected Sunni extremists dressed as police set off a large explosion that heavily damaged the golden dome of the Askariya shrine in Samarra, one of Iraq's most famous Shiite shrines. The attack spawned mass protests and triggered reprisal attacks against Sunni mosques. The shrine contains the tombs of the 10th and 11th imams, Ali al-Hadi, who died in 868 A.D., and his son Hassan al-Askari, who died in 874 A.D. and was the father of Al-Mahdi, the hidden imam. Atwar Bahjat, a well-known Iraqi TV journalist, was abducted while covering the bombing. In 2009 police arrested Yasser Mohammad al-Takhy in southwest Baghdad along with three others for the rape and murder of Bahjat. In 2011 Yusri Fakhir, a Tunisian man, was convicted and executed for the bombing of the Askariya shrine.  
    (AP, 2/22/06)(WSJ, 2/23/06, p.A1)(AP, 8/5/09)(AP, 11/17/11)
2006        Feb 22, Bulgaria's parliament endorsed a government decision to send a 120-member non-combat unit to Iraq.
    (AP, 2/22/06)
2006        Feb 22, In Iraq 7 US soldiers were killed by a roadside bombs in Hawija north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 2/23/06)(SFC, 2/24/06, p.A1)

2006        Feb 23, Gunmen pulled factory workers off buses northeast of Baghdad and shot dead 47 of them. They left their bodies in a ditch as militia battles and sectarian reprisals followed the bombing of a sacred Shiite shrine. Sunni Arabs suspended their participation in talks on a new government. The bodies of 23 men were found dumped at six sites in Baghdad, most of them in predominantly Shiite parts of the city. In total over 100 people were killed across Iraq.
    (AP, 2/23/06)(SFC, 2/24/06, p.A1)
2006        Feb 23, The bodies of 3 Iraqi Sunni journalists were found near Samarra. They included Atwar Bahjat, a well-known correspondent for Al-Arabiya television, and her colleagues engineer Adnan Khairullah and cameraman Khalid Mahmoud.
    (AP, 2/24/06)

2006        Feb 24, In Iraq Abu Asma, (aka Abu Anas and Akram Mahmud al-Mushhadani), Al-Qaida in Iraq's leader in northern Baghdad, was killed in a raid. Gunmen stormed a house south of Baghdad and shot dead five Shiite men.
    (AP, 2/24/06)

2006        Feb 25, In Iraq leaders of rival factions held an emergency meeting and agreed to condemn sectarian violence.
    (SSFC, 2/26/06, p.A1)
2006        Feb 25, A car bomb exploded in Karbala, a Shiite holy city, killing 5 people. In Buhriz 13 members of one Shiite family were gunned down northeast Baghdad. The surge of attacks killed at least 30 people despite heightened security aimed at curbing sectarian violence following the bombing of a revered Shiite shrine. The government extended the daytime curfew for a second day in Baghdad and the flashpoint provinces of Babil, Diyala and Salaheddin, where the shrine bombing took place. The bodies of 14 Iraqi police commandos were found near a Sunni mosque in southern Baghdad. Gunmen fired on the funeral procession of correspondent Atwar Bahjat and bombed an Iraqi military patrol that was escorting mourners. At least three people were killed and six injured.
    (AP, 2/25/06)

2006        Feb 26, In Iraq bomb blasts and gunfire killed at least 7 people, including two US soldiers, in Baghdad and to the south as an extraordinary daylight curfew was lifted in three provinces following the bombing of a Shiite shrine and a wave of retribution against Sunnis.
    (AP, 2/26/06)

2006        Feb 27, A top Sunni figure said Sunni Arabs are ready to end their boycott of talks to form a new government if rival Shiites return mosques seized in last week's sectarian attacks and meet other unspecified demands.
    (AP, 2/27/06)
2006        Feb 27, A security official said Iraqi Interior Ministry forces had captured Abu al-Farouq, a top aide to al-Qaida in Iraq leader Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, along with 5 other operatives during a raid in al-Bakr in western Iraq.
    (AP, 2/27/06)
2006        Feb 27, A US soldier was killed by small-arms fire west of Baghdad. At least 2,292 members of the US military have died since the war began, according to an AP count. Iraqi officials reported 36 people killed in violence that included a fierce gunbattle between Iraqi commandos and insurgents southeast of the capital.
    (AP, 2/28/06)

2006        Feb 28, A suicide bomber detonated an explosives belt at a crowded gas station killing 23 people with 51 injured. 9 bullet-riddled bodies, including that of a Sunni Muslim tribal sheik, were found off a road southeast of Baghdad. Sunnis and Shiites in Baghdad traded bombings and mortar fire mainly at religious targets, killing at least 75 people.
    (AP, 2/28/06)(AP, 3/1/06)(SFC, 3/1/06, p.A1)
2006        Feb 28, A car bomb targeted a British patrol in Amarah, 180 miles from Baghdad, and 2 British soldiers were killed. The deaths raised the British toll in the Iraq conflict to 103.
    (AP, 2/28/06)
2006        Feb 28, Iraqi border guards captured, Abdullah Salah al-Harbi, a Saudi who admitted he was involved in the suicide attack on the Abqaiq oil facility in Saudi Arabia.
    (AP, 3/2/06)

2006        Mar 1, In Iraq a car bomb near a traffic police office in a primarily Shiite neighborhood in southeast Baghdad killed at least 23 people and wounded 58. A bomb hidden under a car detonated as a police patrol passed near downtown Tahrir Square. 3 civilians died and 15 were wounded. Mortar shells fell on 3 houses in the mixed Sunni-Shiite town of Mahmoudiya, 20 miles south of Baghdad, killing 3 civilians. A fifth mortar shell slammed into the mixed Qadisiyah neighborhood in west Baghdad, killing a woman and wounding a child. At least 47 people were killed as sectarian and insurgent killings continued.   
    (AP, 3/1/06)(WSJ, 3/2/06, p.A1)

2006        Mar 2, A bomb ripped through a vegetable market in a Shiite section of Baghdad killing 38 people. A leading Sunni politician escaped an attack on his convoy as unrelenting violence pushing Iraq toward civil war.
    (AP, 3/2/06)(WSJ, 3/3/06, p.A1)
2006        Mar 2, John Pace, the former UN human rights chief in Iraq said human rights abuses in Iraq are as bad now as they were under Saddam Hussein. It was reported that sectarian evictions by Sunnis and Shiites were growing in Baghdad neighborhoods
    (AP, 3/2/06)(SFC, 3/2/06, p.A12)

2006        Mar 3, Iraqi security forces in bulletproof vests took to the streets in the bloodied capital to enforce a daytime ban on private vehicles in an effort to blunt a surge of sectarian violence that has pushed Iraq to the edge of civil war. Insurgents attacks near Baghdad killed 19 people.
    (AP, 3/3/06)(WSJ, 3/4/06, p.A1)
2006        Mar 3, US army Gen. George Casey said the US military would continue paying Iraqi newspapers to publish stories favorable to the US after an inquiry found no fault with the practice. The practice would be illegal in the US.
    (SFC, 3/4/06, p.A3)

2006        Mar 4, Iraq's Kurdish president said that he joined Sunni Arab and secular politicians in trying to block the Shiite Muslim prime minister from a second term because Ibrahim al-Jaafari has become a divisive figure.
    (AP, 3/4/06)
2006        Mar 4, The Arab League said it will open offices in Iraq for the first time since the 2003 US-led invasion, part of its efforts to help reconcile the country's Sunni Arab, Shiite and Kurdish communities.
    (AP, 3/4/06)

2006        Mar 5, In Iraq 8 people were killed in bombings and clashes around the country. Two British newspapers, the Sunday Telegraph and Sunday Mirror, quoting unnamed senior British Army sources, said the coalition intended to reduce its presence on the ground over the next 12 months, while withdrawing forces into bases. The US military strongly denied news reports that coalition forces have finalized plans to quit Iraq.
    (AP, 3/5/06)

2006        Mar 6, In Iraq explosions killed at least 10 people and wounded 36 in Baghdad and Baqouba. In Iraq 2 men were burned to death in their car after a shootout with Iraqi police in Basra. Security officials said the victims were British citizens. A car bomb targeting an Iraqi police patrol exploded near a market north of Baghdad, killing at least five people. A Sunni general in charge of Baghdad defenses was killed by snipers. Attacks across Iraq killed at least 25 people.
    (AP, 3/6/06)(WSJ, 3/7/06, p.A1)

2006        Mar 7, Iraq's president postponed a decision on when to call the new parliament into session after the dominant Shiite alliance requested a delay to resolve a deadlock over the composition of the government. Bombings, gunfire and mortars across Iraq left at least 11 people dead and more than a dozen wounded.
    (AP, 3/7/06)
2006        Mar 7, A US military patrol and Iraqi police discovered 18 bodies, many of them handcuffed and strangled, in an abandoned minibus in Baghdad. Bombings, mortar blasts and gunfire killed 19 people. Police also reported finding four bullet-riddled bodies, two with their eyes gouged out. A US soldier was killed and 4 others wounded by a bomb explosion in Tal Afar. A US Marine was killed by insurgents in Anbar province.
    (AP, 3/8/06)(SFC, 3/9/06, p.A9)
2006        Mar 7, Iraqi forces captured Mohammed Hila Hammad Obeidi, also known as Abu Ayman, the prime suspect in last year's kidnapping of Italian journalist Giuliana Sgrena. His capture was not announced until April 6 due to DNA tests to verify his identity.
    (AP, 4/6/06)

2006        Mar 9, Iraq hanged 13 insurgents, marking the first time militants have been executed in the country since the U.S.-led invasion ousted Saddam Hussein nearly three years ago.
    (AP, 3/9/06)
2006        Mar 9, The body of Tom Fox (54), an American man taken hostage with three other Christian peace activists in Nov 26, 2005, was found near a railroad line in Baghdad with gunshots to his head and chest.
    (AP, 3/11/06)
2006        Mar 9, A dust storm enveloped Baghdad as explosions killed 11 people and wounded 19, all civilians. The US military confirmed that a mass abduction from a security firm was the work of kidnappers masquerading as Interior Ministry commandos.
    (AP, 3/9/06)

2006        Mar 10, President Jalal Talabani issued a decree ordering Iraq's new parliament to hold its first session March 19. Bombings and shootings killed at least 17 people. A suicide truck bomb ripped through a line of vehicles waiting at a checkpoint in Fallujah, killing at least 7 civilians.
    (AP, 3/10/06)

2006        Mar 11, In Iraq at least six people including Amjad Hameed (45), director of Iraq’s public TV channel and a human rights activist, were killed in drive-by shootings.
    (AP, 3/11/06)(SSFC, 3/12/06, p.A10)

2006        Mar 12, The Iraqi Defense and Interior ministries signed an agreement requiring them to conduct all raids jointly, in a bid to stop the operations of alleged death squads masquerading as police commandos. Bomb blasts, rocket and gunfire killed over 50 people in eastern Baghdad’s Sadr City and injured over 200. Gunmen and explosions left 12 Iraqis dead elsewhere in Baghdad.
    (AP, 3/12/06)(AP, 3/13/06)(SFC, 3/13/06, p.A10)(Econ, 3/18/06, p.47)
2006        Mar 12, In Iraq a family of 4 in the Khasir Abyad area, about 6 miles north of Mahmoudiya, were found killed. They included Abeer Qassim al-Janabi, who had been raped and shot in the face, her sister and her parents. A neighbor said the Abeer was 14 years old and her sister 10. In June up to 5 US soldiers of the 502nd Infantry Regiment were placed under investigation for the murders. On June 3 federal prosecutors charged former Army Pfc. Steven Green with the rape and killing of Abeer and her family. In 2007 Sgt. Paul Cortez (24) was sentenced to 100 years in prison for the gang rape and murder. Pfc. Jesse Spielman was sentenced to 110 years in prison. 3 other soldiers who pleaded guilty received sentences of 5 to 100 years. In 2009 Pfc. Steven Green was convicted of rape and murder. On September 4 a Kentucky court sentenced him to 5 consecutive life sentences.
    (SFC, 7/3/06, p.A6)(AP, 7/3/06)(SFC, 2/23/07, p.A3)(SSFC, 8/5/07, p.A16)(AP, 5/22/09)(SFC, 9/5/09, p.A2)

2006        Mar 13, Iraqi officials received a report alleging that American soldiers had killed a family of 4 in the Khasir Abyad area, about 6 miles north of Mahmoudiya. Police found four hanged men dangling from electricity pylons in a Baghdad Shiite slum, hours after car bombs and mortars shells ripped through teeming market streets, killing at least 58 people and wounding more than 200. An armed group that says it was created with government backing to drive al-Qaida fighters out of a restive Iraqi province claimed that it had killed five top members of the terrorist group. 2 US soldiers assigned to the 2nd Brigade Combat Team of the 28th Infantry Division, Pennsylvania Army National Guard, were killed in fighting in Anbar province.
    (AP, 3/13/06)(AP, 3/15/06)(AP, 7/1/06)
2006        Mar 13, Defense Secretary John Reid said Britain will cut its forces in Iraq by 10 percent, a reduction of about 800 troops, by May because Iraqi security forces are becoming more capable of handling security.
    (AP, 3/13/06)

2006        Mar 14, Iraqi police over the past 24 hours found the bodies of at least 87 people killed by execution-style shootings, a gruesome wave of apparent sectarian reprisal slayings. 29 of the bodies, dressed only in underwear, were dug out of a single grave in a Shiite neighborhood of Baghdad.
    (AP, 3/14/06)(AP, 3/14/07)

2006        Mar 15, Saddam Hussein, testifying for the first time in his trial, called on Iraqis to stop killing each other and instead fight US troops; the judge reprimanded him for making a rambling, political speech and ordered the TV cameras switched off. US forces bombed a house during a raid north of Baghdad, killing 13 people, mostly women and children, while insurgent attacks elsewhere left four dead. In Baqouba, a suicide bomber on a bicycle missed a police patrol and killed at least two civilians. Interior Ministry officials announced another driving ban, from 8 p.m. Mar 15 to 4 p.m. Mar 16, to protect against car and suicide bombs while the Iraqi parliament meets for the first session since the Dec. 15 election. On June 3 the US military said that it had found no wrongdoing by American troops accused of intentionally killing civilians during a raid in Ishaqi village north of Baghdad. In 2011 the Iraqi government revived a probe into allegations that US forces shot and killed civilians.
    (AP, 3/15/06)(AP, 6/3/06)(AP, 3/15/07)(AP, 9/2/11)

2006        Mar 16, Iraq's new parliament was sworn in, with parties still deadlocked over the next government. Iraqi police found 25 bodies discarded in various parts of Baghdad overnight. The new parliament met briefly for the first time but did no business and adjourned after just 40 minutes, unable to agree on a speaker, let alone a prime minister. US forces, joined by Iraqi troops, launched “Operation Swarmer,” the largest air assault since the US-led invasion, targeting insurgent strongholds north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 3/16/06)(AP, 3/15/07)

2006        Mar 17, In Iraq the Muslim pilgrims' road to the holy city of Karbala was a highway of bullets and bombs for Shiites. Drive-by shootings and roadside and bus bombs killed or wounded 19 people.
    (AP, 3/17/06)

2006        Mar 18, Anti-war protesters marched in Australia, Asia, Turkey and Europe in demonstrations that marked the third anniversary of the US-led invasion of Iraq with a demand that coalition troops pull out.
    (AP, 3/18/06)
2006        Mar 18, Iraq’s Interior Ministry said 16 men were found dead with their hands tied and bullets in their heads.
    (SSFC, 3/19/06, p.A14)
2006        Mar 18, The US military released more than 350 detainees in Iraq. The releases were recommended by a review committee consisting of US officers and Iraqi officials from the ministries of human rights, justice and interior, which found no reason to hold them.
    (AP, 3/20/06)

2006        Mar 20, Protesters marking the third anniversary of the Iraq war made their voices heard around the world, with the largest marches in London, Portland and Chicago, though in numbers that were often lower than in previous years.
    (AP, 3/20/06)
2006        Mar 20, Suspected insurgents killed least seven policemen with roadside bombs on the third anniversary of the US-led invasion of Iraq, and authorities reported finding 10 more bullet-riddled bodies dumped in the capital. One was that of a 13-year-old girl. Insurgents and sectarian gangs killed at least 39 people.
    (AP, 3/20/06)(SFC, 3/21/06, p.F7)
2006        Mar 20, Millions of Shiite pilgrims, some of them flogging themselves with chains, surrounded a shrine in the holy city of Karbala to commemorate the 40th and final day of symbolic mourning for the Prophet Muhammad's grandson.
    (AP, 3/20/06)
2006        Mar 20, Libyan leader Moamer Kadhafi said Saddam Hussein should still be considered Iraq's legal president and the current government illegitimate as it was elected under an occupation regime.
    (AFP, 3/20/06)

2006        Mar 21, Insurgents stormed a jail around dawn in the Sunni Muslim heartland north of Baghdad, killing 19 police and a courthouse guard in a prison break that freed dozens of prisoners and left 10 attackers dead.
    (AP, 3/21/06)

2006        Mar 22, Insurgents attacked a police station for a second day in a row, but US and Iraqi forces captured 50 of them after a two-hour gunbattle.
    (AP, 3/22/06)

2006        Mar 23, US and British troops freed three Christian peace activists in rural Iraq without firing a shot, ending a four-month hostage drama in which an American among the group was shot to death and dumped on a Baghdad street. At least 56 Iraqis died in violence, including a car bombing that killed 25 people in the third major attack on a police lockup in three days. A suicide car bomber detonated his explosives at the entrance to the Interior Ministry Major Crimes unit in Baghdad's central Karradah district, killing 10 civilians and 15 policemen employed there.
    (AP, 3/23/06)
2006        Mar 23, A Danish soldier was killed by a roadside bomb in southern Iraq. He was the third Danish soldier to die in the conflict.
    (AP, 3/23/06)

2006        Mar 24, American and Iraqi troops swept the oil-rich region of Kirkuk for suspected insurgents and captured dozens. Across Iraq drive-by shootings, roadside bombings and sectarian violence killed at least 51 people including 2 US soldiers.
    (AP, 3/24/06)(WSJ, 3/25/06, p.A1)
2006        Mar 24, It was reported that Iraqi documents captured by US forces in 2003 say Russian intelligence had sources inside the American military that enabled it to feed information about U.S. troop movements and battle plans to Saddam Hussein. Russia quickly denied that it provided information on US troops movements and plans to Baghdad during the 2003 invasion.
    (AP, 3/25/06)

2006        Mar 25, In Iraq more than 50 people were killed in violence, many in a gunbattle between Shiite militia forces and insurgents south of Baghdad. A bomb exploded in a booth for traffic police in north Baghdad, killing four civilians.
    (AP, 3/25/06)

2006        Mar 26, Iraqi Interior Ministry officials said authorities arrested Arkan al-Bawi, a police major from Diyala province, for taking part in death squads. Iraqi authorities said that US forces raided an Interior Ministry building and arrested 40 policemen after discovering 17 non-Iraqi prisoners in the facility.
    (Reuters, 3/26/06)(AP, 3/26/06)
2006        Mar 26, Police found 30 more victims of the sectarian slaughter ravaging Iraq, most of them beheaded, dumped on a village road north of Baghdad. At least 16 Iraqis were killed in a US-backed raid at the Mustafa mosque complex in a Shiite neighborhood in northeastern Baghdad. At least 69 people were reported killed in one of the bloodiest days in weeks.
    (AP, 3/26/06)(Econ, 4/1/06, p.40)
2006        Mar 26-2006 Mar 27, In Iraq two days of violence left at least 151 dead.
    (AP, 3/28/06)

2006        Mar 27, Shiite leaders cut off political talks and denounced the US over a weekend raid that they said killed worshippers in a mosque. In northern Iraq a suicide bombing killed at least 40 people at an army recruitment center in Kasak.
    (AP, 3/27/06)(SFC, 3/28/06, p.A3)
2006        Mar 27, In an audiotape broadcast Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri, Saddam Hussein's chief deputy, purportedly called for Arab leaders to back Iraq's Sunni-backed insurgency.
    (AP, 3/27/06)
2006        Mar 27, Gunmen kidnapped 16 employees of an Iraqi trading company in an upscale Baghdad neighborhood.
    (AP, 3/27/06)
2006        Mar 27, Abu Umar, a major Al-Qaeda figure in Iraq, was killed near Baquba.
    (AFP, 4/13/06)

2006        Mar 28, Three groups of gunmen kidnapped 24 Iraqis from a currency exchange and two electronics stores in Baghdad, while a car bomb exploded south of the capital as police exchanged fire with two suicide bombers at a police station, wounding a dozen people. Two US soldiers were killed and three wounded in two attacks outside Baghdad.
    (AP, 3/28/06)(AP, 3/29/06)

2006        Mar 29, Gunmen lined up 14 employees working at an electronics trading company in Baghdad and shot them all, killing eight and wounding six.
    (AP, 3/29/06)

2006        Mar 30, In Iraq Jill Carroll, a freelancer for The Christian Science Monitor, was set free nearly three months after she was kidnapped in a bloody ambush that killed her translator. She said she had been treated well. Assailants in speeding cars gunned down a police commando as he was leaving his house in south Baghdad, and drive-by shooters killed a lawyer as she got out of a taxi in the southern city of Basra.
    (AP, 3/30/06)

2006        Mar 31, In Iraq a mortar round slammed into a street in northeastern Baghdad, killing three women when shrapnel hit their home, and soldiers discovered the bullet-riddled bodies of six men wearing handcuffs in western Baghdad. Gunmen attacked a minibus carrying Shiites northeast of Baghdad, killing six men and wounding one woman. At least 18 other people were killed elsewhere, including three ice cream vendors and a butcher, many in drive-by shootings.
    (AP, 3/31/06)(AP, 4/1/06)

2006        Apr 1, Calls emerged within the Shiite alliance Saturday for PM Ibrahim al-Jaafari to step aside as the bloc's nominee for another term as pressure mounted against him from Sunni Arab and Kurdish politicians.
    (AP, 4/1/06)
2006        Apr 1, A US Apache helicopter crashed southwest of Baghdad. It was believed to have been shot down and the two crew members were presumed dead. Iraqi police reported that at least 39 bodies were found in several neighborhoods of Baghdad. Joint US-Iraqi troops killed four insurgents and wounded another after two failed attacks near Balad, 50 miles north of Baghdad. Two American soldiers were killed by a roadside bomb while on patrol in central Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/2/06)

2006        Apr 2, Iraqi police reported that at least 3 more bodies were found in several neighborhoods of Baghdad. A Sunni clerical association announced that gunmen had assassinated a Sunni Arab sheik, Abdul-Minaam Awad, in his village of Zobaa 40 miles west of Baghdad. 6 insurgents died while manufacturing a homemade bomb inside a house in Madain, about 15 miles southeast of Baghdad. Drive-by shooters killed a police captain outside his home in Baghdad's Dora neighborhood. 5 Marines were killed and one was injured when the seven-ton US military truck rolled over in a flash food. 4 American troops were killed by hostile fire. Gunmen killed a Shiite man and three of his relatives at their home in southern Baghdad. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice and British Foreign Secretary Jack Straw made a surprise trip to Iraq to urge its leaders to form a unified government.
    (AP, 4/2/06)(AP, 4/3/06)(AP, 4/2/07)

2006        Apr 3, A suicide truck bomb exploded near a Shiite mosque in northeastern Baghdad as worshippers were leaving after evening prayers, killing at least 10 people and wounding 30. A car bombing in Baghdad's eastern Shiite slum of Sadr City killed at least two civilians and wounded six others, including a 9-year-old boy. 4 people were wounded when a car bomb struck the central district of Karradah in Baghdad. Six people, a navy officer, two policemen, two workers at an electrical plant and a boy, were killed by drive-by shooters in a market area of the southern city of Basra.
    (AP, 4/3/06)

2006        Apr 4, The Iraq tribunal announced new criminal charges against Saddam Hussein and six others, accusing them of genocide and crimes against humanity stemming from a 1980s crackdown against Kurds. A car bomb exploded in a mostly Shiite area of eastern Baghdad, killing at least 10 and wounding 28. Another blast in Baghdad killed a woman and two of her young sons.
    (AP, 4/4/06)

2006        Apr 5, A video posted on the Internet in the name of an extremist group claimed to show Iraqi insurgents dragging the burning body of a US pilot on the ground after the April 1 crash of an Apache helicopter.
    (AP, 4/5/06)
2006        Apr 5, In Iraq a Sunni professor was found dead hours after he was abducted in the southern city of Basra.
    (AP, 4/5/06)

2006        Apr 6, Shiite politicians also blocked a bid to have parliament try to break the deadlock on forming a new government. A car bomb exploded in the Shiite holy city of Najaf, killing at least 13 people.
    (AP, 4/6/06)(SFC, 4/7/06, p.A3)
2006        Apr 6, An Iraqi soldier allegedly shot and killed a US Marine at a base near the Syrian border. Another American Marine then wounded the Iraqi soldier. One US service member was killed by a roadside bomb near Beiji and another in action in Anbar province.
    (AP, 4/7/06)

2006        Apr 7, At least 2 suicide attackers, one wearing a woman's cloaks, blew themselves up at the Buratha Shiite mosque in northern Baghdad, killing some 79-90 people and wounding scores. One US service member died of wounds suffered while on patrol in western Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/7/06)(AP, 4/8/06)(Econ, 4/22/06, p.48)

2006        Apr 8, Police found four headless bodies showing signs of torture that were dumped on a farm about 20 mile north of Baghdad. 7 other bodies were found in 3 Baghdad neighborhoods. A mortar round hit a house near the Education Ministry in central Baghdad, killing two men. In the southern neighborhood of Dora, gunmen killed a Shiite cigarette vendor and police found the body of a man killed by a roadside bomb near a highway. 6 Shiite pilgrims were blown up by a suicide car bomber on a road leading to Shiite shrines south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/8/06)(AFP, 4/8/06)(SSFC, 4/9/06, p.A14)
2006        Apr 8, The US cost to date of the Iraq war was put at $250 billion. Estimates suggested that the costs could reach $2.24 trillion by 2015.
    (Econ, 4/8/06, p.33)

2006        Apr 9, A Beauty pageant was held in a Baghdad social club and the initial winner, Tamar Goregian, gave back the crown four days later. Silva Shahakian, an Iraqi Christian, received the title of Miss Iraq when the initial winner stepped down after receiving death threats and two other runners-up also bowed out. Shahakian soon went into hiding.
    (AP, 4/12/06)
2006        Apr 9, Five roadside bombs killed at least three people in Iraq, the three-year anniversary of the Baghdad's fall to US forces. American troops killed eight suspected insurgents during a raid north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/9/06)

2006        Apr 11, In Iraq a bomb exploded on a minibus in a Shiite area, killing three people. 5 US soldiers were killed including 3 from an IED north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/11/06)(WSJ, 4/12/06, p.A1)

2006        Apr 12, In Iraq car and roadside bombings killed 13 people, including three US soldiers, and injured dozens. Gunmen in Baghdad hunted down three different government employees and shot them dead on their way to work. A car bomb exploded as worshippers were leaving a Shiite mosque near Baqouba, killing 26 people and injuring 32 others. The US military in Iraq detained Bilal Hussein (35), an Iraqi citizen and an Associated Press photographer. He was accused of being a security threat but charges were never filed and no public hearing was permitted. 5 months later military officials said Hussein was being held for "imperative reasons of security" under UN resolutions. In the few years since the first shackled Afghan shuffled off to Guantanamo, the US military has created a global network of overseas prisons, its islands of high security keeping 14,000 detainees beyond the reach of established law.
    (AP, 4/12/06)(WSJ, 4/13/06, p.A1)(AP, 9/17/06)

2006        Apr 13, Al-Qaida's deputy leader Ayman al-Zawahri urged all Muslims to support insurgents fighting in Iraq "for the dignity of Islam" and said the "enemy has begun to falter," according to a video posted on the Internet.
    (AP, 4/13/06)
2006        Apr 13, In Iraq dozens of policemen were missing and some 20-30 were dead after insurgents ambushed a police convoy near a US base. By the next day only 35 of 80 policemen had returned to Najaf, after picking up new vehicles at the US base of Taji. In western Iraq 2 US Marines were killed and 22 wounded two of them critically, in fighting in Anbar province.
    (AP, 4/14/06)(SFC, 4/15/06, p.A3)

2006        Apr 14,  A roadside bomb exploded in the southern Baghdad neighborhood of Dora, killing three Iraqi soldiers. In the southern city of Basra, four gunmen killed the director of traffic police as he was driving to work. At least one civilian was killed in fierce fighting between insurgents and the army in Fallujah.
    (AP, 4/15/06)

2006        Apr 15, Shiite politicians suggested a formula for replacing their nominee for prime minister to break the deadlock over Iraq's new unity government. At least 12 Iraqis died in a car bombing near a Baghdad restaurant and other attacks. 4 US Marines were killed in combat in western Anbar province.
    (AP, 4/15/06)(AP, 4/16/06)

2006        Apr 16, In Iraq 6 people were killed during a raid as American troops hunted down an al-Qaida suspect at a safehouse south of Baghdad. In Baghdad, a bomb hidden in a shopping bag on a minibus killed 4 passengers. A car bombing near a market in the town of Mahmudiyah, 30 kilometers (20 miles) south of Baghdad left 10 dead and 25 wounded.
    (AFP, 4/16/06)

2006        Apr 17, In central Iraq a car apparently driven by a suicide bomber exploded in front of a US observation post. At least one civilian was killed and seven wounded in a gunbattle between insurgents and the Iraqi army in northern Baghdad. Police recovered 17 bullet-riddled bodies in Baghdad as rebels killed nine people in fresh attacks across the country. At least 5 insurgents were killed and two Iraqi troops wounded in fighting. The body of Taha al-Mutlaq, the brother of the Iraqi Front for National Dialogue leader, was discovered in a Shiite area of western Baghdad. He had disappeared last month en route to Salahuddin province north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/17/06)(AFP, 4/17/06)(AP, 4/18/06)

2006        Apr 18, In northern Baghdad clashes left 5 Iraqis dead and six people, including civilians, wounded. A bomb exploded at a Baghdad cafe frequented by police in the eastern neighborhood of Suleikh, killing at least three policemen and four civilians and wounding more than 20 other people. Authorities discovered 15 dead men shot in the head in various parts of Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/18/06)(SFC, 4/19/06, p.A8)

2006        Apr 19, Militants broke into two schools in a mainly Shiite district of Baghdad and allegedly killed a school guard in front of students and a teacher as he arrived. The attack occurred at the Amna and Shaheed Hamdi elementary schools in Baghdad's Shaab neighborhood. Police in the neighborhood denied that the attack occurred.
    (AP, 4/19/06)(AP, 4/20/06)
2006        Apr 19, The 2006 US estimated cost of the war in Iraq was put at $94 billion.
    (SFC, 4/20/06, p.A1)

2006        Apr 20, Bowing to intense pressure, Iraqi Prime Minister Ibrahim al-Jaafari agreed to abandon his claim to another term.
    (AP, 4/20/07)

2006        Apr 21, Shiite politicians nominated Nouri al-Maliki as Iraq's prime minister after outgoing PM Ibrahim al-Jaafari gave up his bid for another term. 6 off-duty Iraqi soldiers were captured and shot execution-style outside a restaurant in Beiji in northern Iraq. In Baghdad, a Shiite baker was killed in a drive-by shooting as he headed to work, and the bullet-riddled bodies of four other Iraqis were found in the capital. A senior UN official said some 15,000 detainees are being held in Iraq by government ministries in violation of Iraqi law, and nearly as many are being held by US-led multinational forces.
    (AP, 4/21/06)(AP, 4/22/06)

2006        Apr 22, Iraq president formally designated Shiite politician Jawad al-Maliki to form a new government, starting a process aimed at healing ethnic and religious wounds and pulling the nation out of insurgency and sectarian strife. Parliament elected President Jalal Talabani, a Kurd, to a second term and gave the post of parliament speaker to Mahmoud al-Mashhadani, a Sunni Arab. Suspected insurgents set off two bombs in a public market in northern Iraq, the second one timed to hit emergency crews arriving at the scene, and the blasts killed at least two Iraqis and wounded 17.
    (AP, 4/22/06)
2006        Apr 22, In Fallujah, Iraq, Sheik Shaukit al-Kubaisi, a Sunni cleric and imam of a local mosque, was killed by gunmen. 5 US soldiers were killed in bombings in southern Baghdad. US and Iraqi forces fought an hour-long gunbattle with insurgents in Ramadi.
    (AP, 4/22/06)(AP, 4/23/06)

2006        Apr 23, In Iraq 3 US soldiers were killed when their vehicle hit a roadside bomb northwest of Baghdad. More than 20 Iraqis also died in other violence, including 7 who were killed in 3 explosions that occurred just outside the heavily guarded Green Zone in Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/23/06)

2006        Apr 24, In Iraq 7 car bombs exploded across Baghdad, killing at least six people and wounding dozens, as politicians met to try to finalize a new Cabinet. Mortar attacks killed at least 15 people. Police discovered 28 bodies in Baghdad and Mosul, 15 of them security forces recruits.
    (AP, 4/24/06)(SFC, 4/25/06, p.A3)(WSJ, 4/25/06, p.A1)

2006        Apr 25, In a rare video posted on the Internet, al-Qaida in Iraq leader Abu Musab al-Zarqawi swore allegiance to Osama bin Laden and said any government formed in Iraq would be merely a "stooge." A bomb hidden in a minibus exploded near the offices of anti-American cleric Muqtada al-Sadr in eastern Baghdad, killing two Iraqi civilians and wounding three.
    (AP, 4/25/06)(AP, 4/25/07)

2006        Apr 26, US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice and Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld paid a surprise visit to Iraq, where they embraced the country's fledgling leaders as independent and focused on the future.
    (AP, 4/26/07)
2006        Apr 26, In Iraq US Marines killed Hashim Ibrahim Awad (52) in Hamdaniya for allegedly setting a land mine. On June 21 the US military announced murder and kidnapping charges against 7 Marines and a Navy corpsman in connection with Awad’s death. Lance Cpl. Jerry Shumate (21) was accused of killing Awad. On Oct 6 Corpsman Melson J. Bacos (21) pleaded guilty to kidnapping and conspiracy and agreed to testify about what he saw. On Nov 15 Pfc. John J. Jodka III pleaded guilty to reduced charges and was sentenced to 18 months in custody. On Nov 16 Lance Cpl. Tyler Jackson was sentenced to 21 months in prison after he pleaded guilty to reduced charges. On Nov 21 Lance Cpl. Jerry E. Shumate Jr. pleaded guilty to lesser charges and was sentenced to 21 months in prison. In 2007 a military jury in San Diego handed a bad conduct discharge to Marine Cpl. Trent Thomas, convicted of kidnapping and conspiracy to murder in the execution of Awad. Marine Cpl. Marshall Magincalda was found guilty of conspiracy, but acquitted of premeditated murder and kidnapping.
    (SFC, 6/22/06, p.A13)(SFC, 6/22/06, p.A13)(SFC, 9/13/06, p.A12)(SFC, 10/7/06, p.A3)(SFC, 11/16/06, p.A17)(SFC, 11/17/06, p.A19)(SFC, 11/22/06, p.A10)(SFC, 8/2/07, p.A13)

2006        Apr 27, A sister of Iraq's new Sunni Arab vice president was killed in a drive-by shooting in Baghdad, a day after the politician called for the Sunni-dominated insurgency to be crushed by force. In southern Iraq a bomb blast rocked an Italian convoy at a base, killing three Italian soldiers and a Romanian.
    (AP, 4/27/06)

2006        Apr 28, US forces killed a local al-Qaida in Iraq leader and two other insurgents in a raid north of Baghdad. Roadside bombs killed an American soldier and an Iraqi policeman. The death toll in two days of fighting in Baqouba climbed to 58, including seven Iraqi soldiers.
    (AP, 4/28/06)

2006        Apr 29, In Iraq 6 people were killed in scattered violence. A top Iraqi official said sectarian violence has forced about 100,000 families across Iraq to flee their homes. A US Army soldier died when a roadside bomb hit his convoy near Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/29/06)
2006        Apr 29, Thousands of US anti-war demonstrators converged on lower Manhattan to call for an immediate withdrawal of troops from Iraq.
    (AP, 4/29/06)

2006        Apr 30, In Iraq the office of President Jalal Talabani said he had met with representatives of seven armed groups and was optimistic they may agree to lay down their weapons. Bombs and drive-by shootings killed 12 people. The bodies of 7 Iraqi men, who apparently were kidnapped and tortured, were found in three areas of the capital. Three security contractors were killed and two others injured in a roadside bomb attack 30 miles south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/30/06)(AP, 5/1/06)

2006        Apr, A report produced by the US National Intelligence Ground Center said more than 500 chemical munitions have been discovered in Iraq since 2003. They were produced in the 1980s for the Iran-Iraq war.
    (www.humaneventsonline.com/article.php?id=15738)

2006        May 2, Iraq's parliament speaker said in a nationally televised speech that the new government's top priority will be ending widespread bloodshed in cities such as Baghdad. But insurgents launched new attacks, killing at least seven Iraqis and a US soldier. US soldiers raided an al-Qaeda site and killed 10 insurgents, including 3 in suicide vests. German engineers Rene Braeunlich and Thomas Nitzschke were released unharmed following 99 days in captivity.
    (AP, 5/2/06)(WSJ, 5/3/06, p.A1)(AP, 5/3/07)

2006        May 3, Sunni insurgents boldly attacked fellow Sunni Arabs, the latest in a growing campaign against those who cooperate with the US-backed Iraqi government. A suicide bomber cloaked in explosives killed two policemen and 13 police recruits gathered in Fallujah. Three more of the new Iraqi soldiers were found dead in Khaldiyah. The bodies of 20 Iraqi men were found in several areas of the capital, apparent victims of death squads that kidnap civilians of rival Muslim sects, torture them, and dump their bodies. In Wasit province southeast of Baghdad, masked gunmen broke into the home of a Shiite family, killing the husband, two of his sons and his sister.
    (AP, 5/3/06)

2006        May 4, A suicide bomber attacked a crowd of people waiting outside a heavily guarded court building in Baghdad, killing 10 Iraqis and wounding 52. Two US soldiers died in a roadside bomb attack.
    (AP, 5/4/06)

2006        May 5, A roadside bomb killed three US soldiers south of Baghdad. Coalition forces shot to death three insurgents in Samarra, the site of the bombing of a Shiite shrine in February that set off a wave of sectarian killings in Iraq. An American soldier was killed by the roadside bomb in Baghdad.
    (AP, 5/5/06)(AP, 5/6/06)

2006        May 6, At least seven people, including three Iraqi army officers and two children, were killed and seven others kidnapped in a series of rebel attacks across Iraq.
    (AP, 5/6/06)
2006        May 6, A chemical weapons expert for a major Islamic extremist group was killed by security forces in Baghdad. Ali Wali, a member of Ansar al-Islam, died during a raid on a suspected militant safe house in the western Baghdad neighborhood of Mansour.
    (AP, 5/8/06)
2006        May 6, A British military helicopter crashed in Basra and the 5 people were killed. Flight Lieutenant Sarah Mulvihill died in the crash in the southern city of Basra along with Wing Commander John Coxen, Lieutenant Commander Darren Chapman, Lieutenant David Dobson and Marine Paul Collins. Iraqis hurled stones at British troops and set fire to at least one armored vehicle that rushed to the scene. Four Iraqi adults and a child were reported killed during in the melee when Shiite gunmen exchanged fire with British soldiers. 2 insurgents were killed in Tikrit while they were planting a roadside bomb.
    (AP, 5/6/06)(AP, 5/7/06)(AFP, 5/8/06)

2006        May 7, In Iraq 3 car bombs rocked northern Baghdad within a span of half an hour while another struck Karbala, killing at least 17 and wounding 44. Elsewhere in Iraq, the bound and bullet-ridden bodies of 8 men were found in eastern Baghdad. Two other bodies with bullet wounds were found separately in eastern Baghdad. An American soldier was killed and one wounded near Tal Afar while US troops were helping Iraqi forces attack a building where insurgents were firing at civilians and soldiers. A total of about 30 Iraqis were killed in Baghdad and Karbala. Over the last 24 hours 51 bodies were found in Baghdad.
    (AP, 5/7/06)(AP, 5/8/06)(SFC, 5/8/06, p.A3)

2006        May 8, In Iraq a roadside bomb killed a US soldier. A car bomb went off near a main courthouse in western Baghdad, killing at least five people and wounding 10. In eastern Baghdad, a car bomb exploded during morning rush hour near a police patrol on Palestine street in eastern Baghdad, killing two policemen and wounding 12 Iraqis. Gunmen killed 4 police officers in Ramadi and 2 Iraqi soldiers in Tikrit. Violence across Iraq left at least 34 dead.
    (AP, 5/8/06)(Reuters, 5/8/06)(WSJ, 5/9/06, p.A1)(SFC, 5/10/06, p.A3)

2006        May 9, In Iraq a suicide truck bomber hit a crowded public market in the northern city of Tal Afar, killing at least 19 people and wounding 35. In Suwayra police recovered the corpses on 11 people, 9 of whom had been beheaded. In Salahuddin province 3 Iraqi detainees were shot and killed by US soldiers near Samarra. On June 19 the US military announced murder charges against 4 US soldiers of the 101st Airborne Division’s 3rd Brigade. The soldiers said they were under orders to kill all military-age males on “Objective Murray.” In 2007 Spec. Juston Graber pleaded guilty to reduced charges. On Jan 25, 2007, Pfc. Corey Clagett (22) was sentenced to 18 years in prison for murdering a detainee and taking part in the killing of 2 others. In 2007 Staff Sgt. Ray Girouard was found guilty on 3 counts of negligent homicide. He was sentenced to 10 years in prison.
    (AP, 5/9/06)(SFC, 5/10/06, p.A3)(SFC, 6/20/06, p.A4)(SFC, 7/22/06, p.A3)(SFC, 1/4/07, p.A3)(SFC, 1/26/07, p.A3)(SFC, 3/17/07, p.A3)(AFP, 3/20/07)

2006        May 10, In Iraq suspected insurgents opened fire on a bus near Baqouba, killing at least 11 people and wounding three.
    (AP, 5/10/06)

2006        May 11, In Iraq 2 US soldiers were killed near Batrah when their vehicle was hit by a roadside bomb. Another soldier died in a similar bombing near Zaybaq in a separate attack. 4 US Marines drowned when their tank rolled off a bridge and plunged into a canal, adding that while the accident occurred in a Sunni insurgent stronghold, it was not the result of an enemy action. Officials said a reporter, who worked for a pro-Sunni Iraqi television station, had been gunned down in Baghdad last week, making him at least the fourth media worker killed in Iraq this month.
    (AFP, 5/11/06)(AP, 5/12/06)

2006        May 12, Eight Iraqis died in violence, including a soldier and a civilian killed in an armed confrontation between two Iraqi army units.
    (AP, 5/13/06)

2006        May 13, Gunmen killed Ahmed Midhat al-Mahmoud (22), the son of Iraq's top judge, along with two of his bodyguards and dumped their bodies in Baghdad. Other attacks outside Baghdad killed five Iraqis and a US soldier. The bodies of three other Iraqis who had been kidnapped and tortured were found in the capital. In Mosul suspected insurgents shot and killed Idrees Shihatha, a local tribal sheik, as he drove his car. In another part of Mosul, a drive-by shooting killed four Iraqis and wounded one.
    (AP, 5/13/06)
2006        May 13, In Iraq 2 British soldiers were killed by a roadside bomb as they patrolled in an armored vehicle near the southern Iraqi city of Basra.
    (AP, 5/14/06)

2006        May 14, In Iraq 2 suicide car bombings killed 14 Iraqis and injured at least six near a main checkpoint leading to Baghdad's international airport. 5 roadside bombings in Baghdad killed 12 people with some 55 injured. Six Shiite shrines were damaged in a series of blasts around the Baqouba area northeast of the capital. US forces, planes and helicopters attacked an insurgent haven in Youssifiyah, killing 25 insurgents. Insurgents shot down a US helicopter south of Baghdad and killed two soldiers, bringing the weekend death toll of American service members to seven.
    (AP, 5/14/06)(AP, 5/15/06)

2006        May 15, The chief judge formally charged Saddam Hussein with crimes against humanity, including torture of women and children, murder and the illegal arrest of 399 people in a crackdown against Shiites in the 1980s. A defiant Saddam refused to enter a plea.
    (AP, 5/15/06)
2006        May 15, Iraq's interior ministry arrested two al-Qaida in Iraq members: Salah Hussein Abdul-Razzaq in Ramadi and Omar Ahmed Salah in Baghdad. Two US soldiers from 3rd Heavy Brigade Combat Team, 4th Infantry Division, were killed when their vehicle struck a roadside bomb near Balad. Gunmen killed Nazar Abdel-Zahra, a manager of a local soccer team, near his home in the southern city of Basra.
    (AP, 5/16/06)

2006        May 16, Militants raided a parking lot in a predominantly Shiite neighborhood of Baghdad. The shot dead 5 militiamen working as guards and left behind a car bomb that killed 18 would-be rescuers. A roadside bomb near Rasheed airfield killed a US soldier. Suspected insurgents attacked a police patrol in Kirkuk, killing two policeman. Gunmen in eastern Baghdad killed police 1st Sgt. Latif Abdullah, who worked in Interior Ministry intelligence.
    (AP, 5/16/06)(SFC, 5/17/06, p.A8)
2006        May 16, In Iraq gunmen kidnapped UAR diplomat Naji Rashid al-Nuaimi (28) as he left the home of the United Arab Emirates' cultural affairs attache in Baghdad's Mansour district. On May 30 it was reported that Al-Nuaimi was released.
    (AP, 5/17/06)(AP, 5/31/06)

2006        May 17, In Iraq 3 roadside bombs and a drive-by shooting targeted Iraqi forces in Baghdad, killing one policeman. The bodies of two Iraqi men, handcuffed and shot in the head, were found in western Baghdad. A US sailor died in fighting with insurgents in Anbar province. 15 Tae kwon do athletes were kidnapped in western Anbar province while driving to a training camp in neighboring Jordan. In 2009 Iraqi commandoes and US forces arrested a suspect in the kidnapping and murder of the tae kwon do team.
    (AP, 5/17/06)(AP, 5/18/06)(SFC, 9/28/09, p.A2)

2006        May 18, At least 18 people were killed and a police chief narrowly escaped an assassination attempt in attacks in Baghdad and Basra. Coalition forces killed three insurgents and wounded 10 in fighting in and around the northern city of Mosul. In Karbala gunmen killed a math teacher and former senior Baath party member as he was leaving his house. In northern Kirkuk, police reported that two people had been killed in a drive-by shooting. They also said they found the beheaded body of woman labor activist affiliated with the Kurdistan Democratic party. Four US soldiers and their Iraqi interpreter were killed when a roadside bomb struck their vehicle northwest of Baghdad.
    (AP, 5/18/06)

2006        May 19, Roadside bombs and other attacks killed 10 Iraqis and wounded 26 people, including a US soldier riding through Baghdad in a minesweeper.
    (AP, 5/19/06)

2006        May 20, Iraq's parliament approved a national unity government, achieving a goal Washington hopes will reduce violence so U.S. forces can eventually go home. But as the legislators met, a series of attacks killed at least 27 people and wounded dozens.
    (AP, 5/20/06)

2006        May 21, Iraq's new PM Nouri al-Maliki promised to use "maximum force" if necessary to end the brutal insurgent and sectarian violence racking his country. A suicide bomber killed at least 13 people and injured 17 when he blew himself up in a downtown Baghdad restaurant frequented by police. The attack came as PM Nouri al-Maliki pledged to soon fill vacancies in his two key security ministries. Bombs and killings across Iraq left a total of 30 people dead.
    (AP, 5/21/06)(SFC, 5/22/06, p.A6)(AP, 5/21/07)

2006        May 22, In Iraq car bombs and drive-by shootings killed 17 people, including seven police officers, hours before Iraq's parliament met for its first session after swearing in a new government.
    (AP, 5/22/06)

2006        May 23, A bomb went off in a motorcycle parked in the courtyard of a Shiite mosque in Baghdad, killing 11 people and wounding at least nine, the deadliest of the attacks across Iraq that claimed 40 lives. A US soldier died when his patrol was attacked by small arms fire and rocket-propelled grenades south of Balad.
    (AP, 5/23/06)(AP, 5/25/06)
2006        May 23, Ziad Khalaf Raja al-Karbouly, an Iraqi government contractor, confessed on Jordanian television to kidnapping and killing on the orders of al-Qaida in Iraq before he was lured to Jordan and arrested.
    (AP, 5/23/06)

2006        May 24, Iraq announced the arrest in Lebanon of Bashar Sabawi Ibrahim Hassan al-Tikriti, a nephew of Saddam Hussein, for crimes allegedly committed after the fall of Saddam's regime. Drive-by shootings killed 12 people, including a provincial official in northern Iraq and two of his bodyguards. Authorities found the corpses of nine people who apparently had been kidnapped and tortured.
    (AP, 5/24/06)

2006        May 25, Gunmen wounded an Iraqi general in southeast Baghdad and a blast killed three people in the heart of the capital.
    (AP, 5/25/06)

2006        May 26, In Iraq a powerful bomb exploded in an outdoor market in a majority Shiite part of east Baghdad, killing at least nine people and wounding 30.
    (AP, 5/26/06)
2006        May 26, Italy said it will pull 1,100 of its troops from Iraq in June, giving its first specific numbers about the planned withdrawal.
    (AP, 5/26/06)

2006        May 27, A US Marine AH-1 Cobra helicopter crashed in an insurgent stronghold in western Iraq, and two crew members were missing.
    (AP, 5/27/06)

2006        May 28, Sheik Osama al-Jadaan, a prominent Sunni Arab tribal leader, was assassinated in Baghdad. He had provided fighters to help battle al-Qaida in western Iraq.
    (AP, 5/28/06)
2006        May 28, The BBC reported that at least 1,000 troops have "deserted" the armed forces since the US-led war was launched in Iraq three years ago.
    (AFP, 5/28/06)

2006        May 29, In Iraq 8 bombs killed at least 33 people and wounded dozens in the worst wave of violence to hit Baghdad in days. A car bomb exploded in Baghdad, killing two British members of a CBS News crew, a US soldier and an Iraqi interpreter, and seriously injuring CBS correspondent Kimberly Dozier. The Iraqi government captured Ahmed Hussein Dabash Samir al-Batawi, a key terror suspect who allegedly confessed to hundreds of beheadings. Samir al-Batawi was arrested by a terrorist combat unit in Baghdad.
    (AP, 5/29/06)(AP, 5/30/07)

2006        May 30, Iraq's prime minister held meetings aimed at finding new defense and interior ministers. A bomb hidden in a plastic bag detonated outside a bakery in east Baghdad, killing at least nine people and injuring 10. Car bombs targeting Shiite areas devastated a bustling outdoor market and an auto dealership, part of a relentless onslaught that killed 54 people and prompted the US to deploy more troops to combat insurgents in western Iraq.
    (AP, 5/30/06)(AP, 5/31/06)
2006        May 30, The Pentagon said that the Sunni Arab heart of the Iraqi insurgency seems likely to hold its strength the rest of the year, and some of its leaders are now collaborating with al-Qaida terrorists.
    (AP, 5/30/06)

2006        May 31, Two Iraqi women were shot to death north of Baghdad after coalition forces fired on a vehicle that failed to stop at an observation post. Iraqi police and relatives said one of the women was about to give birth. Ali Jaafar (25), a sportscaster for state-run al-Iraqiya TV, was gunned down in a drive-by shooting near his home in southwestern Baghdad. A parked car packed with explosives hit a police patrol in the northern city of Mosul, killing at least five policemen and wounding 14. At least 25 Iraqis were killed across the country.
    (AP, 5/31/06)(WSJ, 6/1/06, p.A1)

2006        May, A series of top secret US special operations were launched to locate, target, and kill key individuals in extremist groups. The campaign may have been the greatest factor in reducing violence in Iraq. This was revealed in Bob Woodward’s 2008 book “The War Within: A Secret White House History, 2006-2008.”
    (SFC, 9/15/08, p.B11)

2006        Jun 1, The Iraqi government decided to launch its own investigation into reports that US Marines killed unarmed civilians last year. The top US general in Iraq ordered American commanders to conduct ethical training on battlefield conduct. In Iraq a bomb struck a group of construction workers seeking jobs in central Baghdad, killing at least two and wounding 18. A mortar barrage struck a number of houses in Baghdad's southern Dora district. A first barrage of seven mortar rounds killed nine and wounded 40, while another five rounds killed four and wounded 29. Gunmen opened fire on Col. Ziyad Tariq, deputy-commander of the oil protection force in the northern city of Kirkuk, killing him and a bodyguard and wounding another bodyguard as they left a restaurant. Police set up roadblocks around the oil-rich southern city of Basra as a monthlong state of emergency declared by Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki went into effect.
    (AP, 6/1/06)(AP, 6/2/06)

2006        Jun 2, The leader of al-Qaida in Iraq urged Sunnis to confront Shiites and ignore calls for reconciliation in a new audiotape posted on the Web, saying Shiite militias are killing and raping the Sunni Arab minority. 2 bombs struck in quick succession at a pet market in central Baghdad, killing at least five people and wounding 57. Some 10 minutes later, an explosion near a Shiite mosque in the eastern Baghdad neighborhood of Jadida killed two civilians and injured five.
    (AP, 6/2/06)

2006        Jun 3, Gunmen attacked a car belonging to the Russian Embassy in Baghdad, killing one diplomat and kidnapping four employees. Gunmen ambushed a police checkpoint in Baqouba, killing seven policemen and wounding five pedestrians. A suicide attacker blew up his car bomb at the main market in the oil-rich southern city of Basra, killing at least 27 people and injuring 67.
    (AP, 6/3/06)(SSFC, 6/4/06, p.A4)

2006        Jun 4, Gunmen dragged passengers off 2 minibuses northeast of Baghdad and killed 21 people, including a dozen high school students. The attackers spared four Sunni Arabs in one the worst sectarian atrocities in recent weeks. A gunbattle broke out after Iraqi police surrounded a Sunni Arab mosque in the southern city of Basra, leaving at least 9 people dead.
    (AP, 6/4/06)(WSJ, 6/5/06, p.A1)

2006        Jun 5, Gunmen in police uniforms raided bus stations in central Baghdad, seizing at least 50 people, including drivers and passengers preparing to travel outside Iraq. At least 2 students were shot dead elsewhere in Baghdad. Mustafa Mohammed Jubouri was jailed for life by a Baghdad court for the kidnapping and killing in 2004 of aid activist Margaret Hassan, a British-born Iraqi citizen. At least 26 people died in Iraq, including 15 in Baghdad alone. In southern Iraq a bomb exploded near an Italian patrol killing one Italian soldier and wounding four.
    (AP, 6/5/06)(AFP, 6/5/06)(AP, 6/6/06)

2006        Jun 6, In Iraq PM Nouri al-Maliki said that 2,500 Iraqi prisoners will be freed from US and Iraqi-run detention centers as part of reconciliation efforts. Police found 9 severed heads in fruit boxes in a village northeast of Baghdad, which followed a similar discovery there 2 days earlier. A decapitated body was found in Aziziyah. A roadside bomb missed a US military convoy in central Baghdad but killed a woman and wounded 3 other pedestrians. 3 local council workers were killed in a drive-by shooting in western Baghdad. 2 mortar rounds slammed into an eastern Baghdad neighborhood, killing 2 bystanders and wounding 9 others.
    (AP, 6/6/06)

2006        Jun 7, Iraq’s PM Nouri al-Maliki released nearly 600 detainees, making good on a pledge intended to ease feuding between Sunni Arabs and Shiites. Violence was unabated with at least 14 deaths reported. Al-Zarqawi and five aides, including spiritual adviser Sheik Abdul Rahman, were killed in a remote area 30 miles from Baghdad in the volatile province of Diyala, just east of the provincial capital of Baqouba. He was killed when US warplanes dropped 500-pound bombs on his isolated safehouse.
    (AP, 6/7-8/06)(WSJ, 6/9/06, p.A1)

2006        Jun 8, Iraq's parliament approved three new key ministers, including Abdul-Qader Mohammed Jassim al-Mifarji, a Sunni Arab, to head the defense ministry. Bombs struck a busy outdoor market and a police patrol in a mostly Shiite area of Baghdad. At least five bombs, most them packed in vehicles, detonated in and around Baghdad, killing at least 40 people. Gunmen kidnapped Muthanna al-Badri, a senior Iraqi oil official in Baghdad, as he was returning home from work. In Ghalbiyah, near where al-Zarqawi was killed, five civilians were killed and three were wounded in a firefight.
    (AP, 6/8/06)(AP, 6/9/06)

2006        Jun 9, A roadside bomb hit a police patrol in the northern city of Mosul, killing one person and wounding two, and three oil refinery workers were shot to death near Tikrit. 8 bullet-riddled bodies were found floating near Kut, and a firefight west of Baqouba killed five civilians and wounded three. A roadside bomb near Kirkuk killed a US soldier and wounded another.
    (AP, 6/9/06)(AP, 6/10/06)

2006        Jun 10, A roadside bomb targeting a police patrol exploded in an outdoor market in Baghdad, killing four people and wounding 27. Insurgents signaled the fight is still on after Abu Musab al-Zarqawi's death, posting an Internet video showing the beheading of three alleged Shiite death squad members in revenge for killing Sunnis.
    (AP, 6/10-11/06)

2006        Jun 11, Iraqi and US officials released some 200 detainees from Abu Ghraib. Al-Maliki has promised to release 2,500 prisoners by the end of this month. At least five Iraqis were killed and a British soldier wounded in a firefight which broke out between Shiite militiamen and British troops in the southern city of Al-Amara. Al-Qaida in Iraq vowed "major attacks" after the death of leader Abu Musab al-Zarqawi in a US airstrike.
    (AFP, 6/11/06)(AP, 6/12/06)(AP, 6/11/07)

2006        Jun 12, US-led forces raided a house near a volatile city northeast of Baghdad, killing nine people, including two children. A suicide car bomber plowed into a gas station in northern Iraq, killing four civilians and wounding more than 40. A bomb also struck a minivan of workers in southern Baghdad, killing six people and wounding 10. A roadside bomb detonated next to a police patrol east of Kirkuk, but missed and struck a civilian car. One person was killed in the explosion, two more were injured. Two mortar rounds struck a neighborhood in southern Baghdad, killing three civilians just moments after gunmen strafed the area with random fire. Al-Qaida in Iraq said in a Web statement that a militant named Abu Hamza al-Muhajer was the group's new leader.
    (AP, 6/12/06)

2006        Jun 13, President Bush, seeking to bolster support for Iraq's burgeoning government and US war policy at home, made a surprise visit to Iraq to meet newly named Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki and discuss the next steps in the troubled 3-year-old war. A series of explosions struck the northern city of Kirkuk, killing at least 15 people. Gunmen killed Ibrahim Seneid, an Iraqi journalist. He worked for a newspaper accused by insurgents of publishing US propaganda in the western city of Fallujah.
    (AP, 6/13/06)(AP, 6/14/06)

2006        Jun 14, Tens of thousands of Iraqi police and soldiers searched cars and secured roads in Baghdad as PM Nouri al-Maliki launched a major security crackdown aimed at ending the violence that has devastated the capital.
    (AP, 6/14/06)

2006        Jun 15, The US military said American and Iraqi forces have carried out 452 raids since last week's killing of terrorist leader Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, and 104 insurgents were killed during those actions. Gunmen shot and killed 10 Shiites after pulling them off a bus in Baqouba. The US military said the man claiming to be the new al-Qaida in Iraq leader is Abu Ayyub al-Masri, an Egyptian with ties to Osama bin Laden's deputy, Ayman al-Zawahri. Gunmen stormed a Sunni mosque near Tikrit, killing four people and wounding 15.
    (AP, 6/15/06)

2006        Jun 16, A shoe bomber blew himself up inside an important Shiite Mosque during prayers, killing at least 10 people and wounding 20. A mortar barrage struck a commercial area near the Taji air base in the northern Baghdad suburb of Saaba al-Bour, killing at least two people and wounding 16. Two US soldiers went missing after an attack that killed one of their comrades at a traffic checkpoint in the so-called "Triangle of Death" just south of Baghdad. Mansour Suleiman Mansour Khalifi al-Mashhadani, or Sheik Mansour, and two foreign fighters were killed as they tried to flee in a vehicle near the town of Youssifiyah. Mansour "reportedly served as a right-hand man of Zarqawi's, and also served as a liaison between al-Qaida in Iraq and the various tribes in the Youssifiyah area. Three 101st Airborne Division soldiers were killed in an attack while two others were abducted. Their mutilated bodies were found 3 days later. In 2008 Ibrahim al-Qaraghuli, Walid al-Kartani and Kazim al-Zubaie were the first to face court proceedings in the deaths of the three Americans. In 2008 al-Qaraghuli, a 29-year-old farmer, was convicted in the deaths of David J. Babineau (25) of Springfield, Mass.; Pfc. Kristian Menchaca (23) of Houston; and Pfc. Thomas Tucker (25) of Madras, Ore. The other two Iraqis on trial, Walid al-Kartani and Kazim al-Zubaie, were acquitted for lack of sufficient evidence.
    (AP, 6/16/06)(AP, 6/17/06)(AP, 6/20/06)(AP, 6/16/07)(AP, 10/16/08)(AP, 10/28/08)

2006        Jun 17, A series of explosions struck commercial areas in Baghdad within hours, killing at least 17 people.
    (AP, 6/17/06)

2006        Jun 18, Gunmen seized 10 workers from a bakery in a predominantly Shiite neighborhood in Baghdad, while a car bomb exploded near a university in the northern city of Mosul, killing a woman and wounding 19 other people.
    (AP, 6/18/06)

2006        Jun 19, A parked car bomb struck an Iraqi army convoy, killing five people and wounding nine. An umbrella group linked to al-Qaida in Iraq claimed that it had kidnapped two American soldiers reported missing south of Baghdad, where 8,000 Iraqi and US troops were conducting a massive search. Hundreds of American and Iraqi troops backed by a US gunship pushed into an insurgent-infested section of eastern Ramadi. The bodies of two US soldiers, Pfc. Kristian Menchaca (23) of Houston, and Pfc. Thomas L. Tucker (25) of Madras, Ore., were found. The men were "killed in a barbaric way." Al-Qaida in Iraq claimed responsibility, and said the successor to slain terror leader Abu Musab al-Zarqawi had "slaughtered" them. The US Army said it has charged three soldiers in connection with the May 9 deaths of 3 Iraqis who were in military custody in northern Iraq. The US military captured a senior al Qaeda in Iraq member near an area where the group's leader Abu Musab al-Zarqawi was killed in a US air strike two weeks ago. Hamed Jumaa Farid al-Saeedi, known as Abu Humam or Abu Rana, was captured north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/19/06)(AP, 6/20/06)(Reuters, 6/23/06)AP, 9/6/06)
2006        Jun 19, It was reported that the Iraqi government was pumping millions of barrels of an oil refinery byproduct called “black oil” into a mountainous area called Makhul near the Tigris River where it was burned. The insurgency prevented the substance from being exported for further refining at more modern facilities.
    (SFC, 6/19/06, p.A1)

2006        Jun 20, US-led forces killed 15 terror suspects and detained three others during raids in a village northeast of Baghdad. Residents said 13 civilians also were killed. 4 Marines were killed in insurgency-ridden Anbar province, three of them in a roadside bombing and a fourth in a separate operation. The US military recovered the booby-trapped bodies of two missing soldiers in Iraq.
    (AP, 6/20/06)(AP, 6/22/06)(AP, 6/20/07)
2006        Jun 20, Japan ordered the withdrawal of its ground troops from Iraq, declaring the humanitarian mission a success and ending a groundbreaking dispatch that tested the limits of its pacifist postwar constitution.
    (AP, 6/20/06)

2006        Jun 21, Khamis al-Obeidi, one of Saddam Hussein's main lawyers, was shot to death after he was abducted from his Baghdad home by men wearing police uniforms. This was the third killing of a member of the former leader's defense team since the trial started some eight months ago. An al-Qaida-led insurgent group said in an Internet statement that it has decided to kill four Russian Embassy workers, kidnapped on June 3, after a deadline for meeting its demands passed. A parked car bombing struck a Shiite slum in Baghdad, killing at least two people and wounding three. Gunmen abducted about 85 workers and family members at the end of a factory shift at the al-Nasr plant between Baghdad and Taji. About 30 of the hostages, mainly women and children, were released shortly after they were taken captive. A US soldier died south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/21/06)(AP, 6/22/06)
2006        Jun 21, Australian soldiers in Baghdad mistakenly opened fire on Iraqi Trade Minister Abdul Falah al-Sudany's bodyguards, killing one and wounding three people. The Australian government apologized the next day.
    (AP, 6/22/06)
2006        Jun 21, The US Marine Corps announced that seven Marines and a sailor had been charged with murdering an Iraqi civilian in April. The sailor and three Marines later pleaded guilty to lesser charges.
    (AP, 6/21/07)

2006        Jun 22, Iraqi police stormed a farm north of Baghdad and freed at least 17 people who were snatched a day earlier in a mass kidnapping of about 85 workers and family members at the end of a factory shift. An explosion of sectarian and revenge killings in Mosul over the past three days claimed 19 lives. The US military announced that four Marines were killed during operations in Anbar province, three of them in a roadside bombing.
    (AP, 6/22/06)(AP, 6/25/06)

2006        Jun 23, The Iraqi government declared a state of emergency and imposed a curfew after insurgents set up roadblocks in central Baghdad and opened fire on US and Iraqi troops outside the heavily fortified Green Zone. A bomb struck a Sunni mosque northeast of Baghdad, killing at least 12 worshippers and wounding 15 in the same town where Abu Musab al-Zarqawi was slain earlier this month. 3 armed members of the Mahdi army militia of radical Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr were killed while battling US forces in eastern Baghdad. 5 Iraqi soldiers and 3 police died during the clashes on Haifa Street and 8 suspected insurgents were arrested. 5 bodies found in the Tigris River were confirmed as part of the group kidnapped June 21 in Taji. One US soldier was killed by a roadside bomb in Baghdad and another in a "non-combat incident" that was being investigated.
    (AP, 6/23/06)(AFP, 6/23/06)(AP, 6/24/06)(SFC, 6/24/06, p.A3)

2006        Jun 24, Iraqi agencies reported that at least 50,000 Iraqis had died since the 2003 US-led invasion, 20,000 higher than previously acknowledged by the Bush administration. A roadside bomb struck a police patrol near the al-Sadiq University for Islamic Studies in a predominantly Shiite area in northern Baghdad, killing 2 policemen and wounding 3 others. Police found an unidentified body of a man who had been handcuffed, bound by the legs and shot to death in Baghdad. A roadside bomb aimed at a patrol of police commandos missed its target but killed a civilian and wounded 4 others in western Baghdad. In Kirkuk, a roadside bomb killed the local chief of intelligence, Maj. Gen. Mussa Hatam, along with two of his guards.  A US soldier was killed by a bomb during a foot patrol south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/24/06)(SSFC, 6/25/06, p.A18)

2006        Jun 25, PM Nouri al-Maliki offered an olive branch to insurgents who join in rebuilding Iraq and that lawmakers should set a timeline for the Iraqi military and police to take control of security nationwide. Maliki presented a 24-point national reconciliation plan to parliament aimed at stemming sectarian tensions and violence. An al-Qaida-linked group posted a Web video showing the killings of 3 Russian embassy workers abducted earlier this month in Iraq. A fourth also was said to have been killed.
    (AP, 6/25/06)(Econ, 7/1/06, p.42)

2006        Jun 26, Gunmen attacked a convoy assigned to Iraq's most senior Sunni Arab politician, killing one bodyguard. Bombs killed at least 40 people at markets in Baqouba and Hillah, hours after key lawmakers said 7 Sunni Arab insurgent groups offered the government a conditional truce. A security company headed by Henry E. Wilkins, a former US State Department official, said it will oversee the $300 million construction of a large international airport in the southern Iraqi city of Najaf.
    (AP, 6/26/06)

2006        Jun 27, One of Iraq's largest Sunni Arab groups endorsed the prime minister's national reconciliation plan, and the government announced new benefits to help freed detainees return to normal lives. A suicide car bomb also struck a busy gas station in the northern city of Kirkuk, killing at least three people and wounding 17. A professor at a technology university in Baghdad was gunned down in a drive-by shooting in the upscale neighborhood of Mansour. Police found the bullet-riddled bodies of five men, including three who were handcuffed, in two areas of Baghdad. A US Marine and a soldier were killed in separate attacks west and south of Baghdad, while another US soldier died the day before in the volatile Anbar province.
    (AP, 6/27/06)

2006        Jun 28, Iraq's PM Nouri-al-Maliki said that several insurgent groups have shown a willingness for reconciliation, but that any amnesty for insurgents would exclude militants who killed American forces or Iraqis. A security official said Iraqi forces had captured Yousri Fakher Mohammed Ali, a Tunisian also known as Abu Qudama, a key al-Qaida suspect wanted in the bombing of a Shiite shrine. The mastermind of the attack that brought the country to the brink of civil war was still at large. A suicide car bomber blew up himself near a Sunni mosque in a market south of the northeastern city of Baqouba, killing one person and wounding 12. A roadside bomb targeting a US convoy exploded in western Baghdad, killing an Iraqi civilian and wounding another. Gunmen killed Riyadh Abdul-Majid Zuaini, the customs director for central Baghdad, and his driver in the predominantly Sunni neighborhood of Amariyah.
    (AP, 6/28/06)

2006        Jun 29, In Iraq a trash collector and the head of security for Baghdad University were slain. At least six other deaths were reported in Baghdad, including two merchants, a baker, an electrical worker and a woman sitting in her car with three of her sons, who were wounded. Police also found the body of a man who had been blindfolded, handcuffed and shot in the head in western Baghdad. Police in Kirkuk found the body of a 15-year-old girl who had been kidnapped five days ago.
    (AP, 6/29/06)

2006        Jun 30, The US military said 5 US Army soldiers are being investigated for allegedly raping a young woman, then killing her and three members of her family in Mahmoudiya. The soldiers also allegedly burned the body of the woman they are accused of raping. Police found three bodies that had been bound and shot in different areas Baghdad. A Marine was killed in fighting in the volatile Anbar province west of Baghdad. On Nov 15 Spc. James P. Barker (23) pleaded guilty and agreed to testify against other soldiers. The deal called for Barker to serve 90 years in prison, but he would be eligible for parole in 20 years.
    (AP, 6/30/06)(SFC, 11/17/06, p.A19)
2006        Jun 30, Russia offered a $10 million reward for information on the killers of five Russian Embassy staff workers in Iraq.
    (AP, 6/30/06)

2006        Jul 1, A parked car bomb exploded at a popular outdoor market in a Shiite slum in Baghdad, killing at least 66 people and wounding dozens. It was the bloodiest attack to hit Iraq since the death of terror leader Abu Musab al-Zarqawi. Gunmen in Baghdad kidnapped a Sunni female legislator along with seven of her bodyguards. Iraqi and US authorities freed 495 prisoners from US facilities, completing a mass release announced by the prime minister last month as part of his national reconciliation efforts.
    (AP, 7/1/06)

2006        Jul 2, Iraq’s largest Sunni Arab bloc in parliament said it was suspending its participation in the legislature until a kidnapped colleague was released, dealing a blow to efforts to involve the disaffected minority in the political process. A roadside bomb in Baghdad killed Col. Muthanna Faeq Abdul-Razzaq, the assistant commander of the Iraqi army's 7th Division, and wounded his driver. 2 policemen were killed and six were wounded in a shootout between gunmen and Iraqi police. A bomb struck a house in Baqouba, killing two people and wounding four. Clashes between insurgents and Iraqi police southwest of Kirkuk left one policeman and two insurgents dead.
    (AP, 7/2/06)

2006        Jul 3, Iraq’s parliament convened despite a boycott by Sunni Arab legislators protesting a colleague's abduction. Bombs struck markets north and south of Baghdad, with nationwide attacks killing at least 10 people and wounding dozens.
    (AP, 7/3/06)
2006        Jul 3, Former Private Steven D. Green was charged in federal court in Charlotte, N.C., with raping a 14-year-old Iraqi girl (Abeer Qassim al-Janabi) and killing her (March 11), her parents and sister. Four members of Green's unit were charged as well; one later pleaded guilty and was sentenced to 100 years in prison.
    (AP, 7/3/07)

2006        Jul 4, Iraq’s justice minister demanded that the UN Security Council ensure that a group of US troops are punished in the March 11 rape and murder of a young Iraqi and the killing of her family. In eastern Baghdad gunmen in camouflaged uniforms kidnapped Iraq's deputy electricity minister along with 11 of his bodyguards. The minister was released after several hours.
    (AP, 7/4/06)

2006        Jul 5, An Iraqi vice president said kidnappers of a Sunni legislator have demanded the release of all detainees, a timetable for the withdrawal of foreign troops and an end to attacks on Shiite mosques in exchange for her freedom.
    (AP, 7/5/06)

2006        Jul 6, In Iraq a suicide car bomb tore through buses carrying Iranian pilgrims near a Shiite shrine on the outskirts of Kufa, killing 14 people and wounding 38.
    (AP, 7/7/06)(SFC, 7/7/06, p.A10)

2006        Jul 7, Iraqi forces backed by US aircraft battled militants in a Shiite stronghold of eastern Baghdad, killing or wounding more than 30 fighters and capturing an extremist leader who was the target of the raid. Residents claimed up to 11 civilians died. A series of bombs and a mortar round targeting the main Islamic weekly service struck four Sunni mosques in the Baghdad area and a Shiite mosque in northern Iraq, killing 17 people and wounding more than 50.
    (AP, 7/7/06)(AP, 7/8/06)
2006        Jul 7, The first batch of Japanese troops began pulling out of Iraq.
    (AP, 7/7/06)

2006        Jul 8, The US military charged 4 more US soldiers with rape and murder and a fifth with dereliction of duty in the alleged rape-slaying of a young Iraqi woman and the March killings of her relatives in Mahmoudiya.
    (AP, 7/9/07)
2006        Jul 8, In Iraq 3 American soldiers were killed in fighting in the western province of Anbar. Gunmen in two cars stopped a vehicle in Baghdad's Dora neighborhood, forced the two passengers to get out and killed them in front of horrified bystanders. Gunmen killed three people working in an ice cream shop in the mostly Shiite Baghdad neighborhood of Nahrawan. Police also reported finding two bodies in separate locations in eastern Baghdad. At least 17 others died in a wave of bombings and mortar attacks against mostly Sunni mosques in the Baghdad area and northern Iraq. Iraqi and US authorities released 368 prisoners as they continue to whittle down the number of inmates.
    (AP, 7/8/06)

2006        Jul 9, Masked Shiite gunmen stopped cars in western Baghdad and grabbed people off the streets, singling out the Sunni Arabs among them and killing at least 42. Gunmen killed an Iraqi intelligence officer in the Shiite city of Karbala, one of several deadly shootings targeting security forces. Iraqi troops launched a pre-dawn raid on Kadhimiya, a mainly Shi'ite district next to Shula, killing nine militants and capturing seven.
    (Reuters, 7/9/06)(AP, 7/9/06)

2006        Jul 10, In Iraq 2 car bombs struck a Shiite district in Baghdad, killing at least eight people and wounding dozens. Gunmen also ambushed a bus in the predominantly Sunni neighborhood of Amariyah in western Baghdad, killing six passengers, including a woman, and the driver. A bomb exploded in the Shurja market in central Baghdad, killing 3 people and wounding 18. In Kirkuk a suicide truck bomber struck an office of one of the main Kurdish political parties in Iraq, the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan, killing five people and wounding 12. A member of the provincial council in Diyala, Adnan Iskandar al-Mahdawi, was killed and two of his guards were wounded in a drive-by shooting. A former high-ranking officer from Saddam Hussein's army, ex-staff Maj. Gen. Salih Mohammed Salih, was killed in a shootout in the southern city of Basra.
    (AP, 7/10/06)

2006        Jul 11, Sunni Arab representatives said they will end their boycott of Iraq's parliament following promises that a kidnapped colleague will be released and a call for reconciliation by a radical Shiite cleric. Gunmen in Baghdad intercepted a minivan carrying a coffin to the Shiite city of Najaf, killing all 10 people on board. Another five people were killed in a double bombing at a restaurant near the Green Zone. Bombings and shootings killed at least 50 people Baghdad. An al-Qaida-linked group posted a Web video purporting to show the mutilated bodies of two US soldiers, claiming it killed them in revenge for the rape-slaying of a young Iraqi woman by American troops from the same unit. The Mujahedeen Shura Council had previously claimed responsibility for killing the two soldiers, who were seized in a June 16 attack near the town of Youssifiyah. The bodies were found on June 20. Gunmen kidnapped Wissam Jabr al-Awadi, an Iraqi diplomat who specializes in relations with Iran, as he was driving near his home in Baghdad.
    (AP, 7/11/06)(SFC, 7/12/06, p.A1)

2006        Jul 12, The Iraqi Accordance Front, the largest Sunni bloc in parliament, lifted its legislative boycott. It thanked the parliament for its help in seeking the release of kidnapped legislator Tayseer al-Mashhadani and called for a new spirit of cooperation. Gunmen stormed a bus station in Muqdadiya, seizing over 24 people and killing 22 of them. A suicide bomber blew himself up in a restaurant in the southeastern mixed Sunni-Shiite neighborhood of New Baghdad, killing eight people and wounding 30. Gunmen on a motorcycles killed a former member of the ousted Baath Party and a taxi driver in separate attacks in Kut. The US military said Saddam Hussein and three of his co-defendants have been on a hunger strike for nearly a week to protest what the defense says is a lack of security for their attorneys. At least 45 people were killed across Iraq.
    (AP, 7/12/06)(SFC, 7/13/06, p.A10)

2006        Jul 13, British and Australian forces handed over security duties for a relatively peaceful southern province to Iraqis in the first such transfer of an entire province. Gunmen killed the coach of Iraq's national wrestling team in a botched abduction attempt but a player escaped. A suicide car bomber struck a police patrol in the northern city of Mosul, killing five people and wounding five. 31 people were killed in attacks nationwide.
    (AP, 7/13/06)(WSJ, 7/14/06, p.A1)

2006        Jul 14, A bomb struck a Sunni mosque in Baghdad, killing seven people and wounding five, while mortars barraged a Shiite mosque north of the capital, leaving five wounded. At least 26 people were killed across Iraq, including 13 Iraqi soldiers in an attack on their checkpoint near the northern oil hub of Kirkuk.
    (AFP, 7/14/06)

2006        Jul 15, Heavy clashes between Iraqi soldiers and gunmen in downtown Baghdad left 11 people wounded. Provincial police in Ramadi confirmed that gunmen had killed a member of the Iraqi Islamic Party. Gunmen kidnapped Ahmed al-Sammarai, the head of Iraq's Olympic committee, and more than a dozen employees storming a sports conference in Baghdad. The kidnappers wore camouflage Iraqi police uniforms and security guards outside the meeting said they did not interfere because they thought the gunmen were legitimate law enforcement.
    (AP, 7/15/06)(AP, 8/22/08)

2006        Jul 16, A suicide bomber detonated explosives inside a cafe packed with Shiites in Tuz Khormato, a mostly Turkomen city 130 miles north of Baghdad. 26 people were killed and 22 injured. In the south, a British soldier was killed and 3 others wounded in two different attacks near Iraq's main southern city of Basra. 17 people were killed in rebel violence across Iraq. Six of 29 people seized at an Iraqi Olympic Committee meeting were released in Baghdad.
    (AP, 7/17/06)(AFP, 7/16/06)

2006        Jul 17, Iraq and the US signed a commercial cooperation agreement. In Mahmoudiya dozens of heavily armed attackers raided an open air market, killing at least 41 people and wounding about 90. Police said they found 12 bodies in different parts Mahmoudiya, possible victims of reprisal killings.  A bomb killed two people and wounded nine in east Baghdad. 3 American soldiers were killed in separate attacks, two in the Baghdad area and one in Anbar province west of the capital.
    (AP, 7/17/06)(AP, 7/18/06)

2006        Jul 18, In southern Iraq a suicide car bomber detonated explosives in a crowd of laborers gathered across the street from a major Shiite shrine in Kufa, killing 59 people and wounding 105. National Security Adviser Mouwafak al-Rubaie said Diyar Ismail Mahmoud (known as Abu al-Afghani), a Jordanian who killed two U.S. soldiers last month, was fatally wounded in a clash with security forces. The country's largest Sunni Arab party called for a conference of all religious and political leaders to end sectarian killing and save the country from sliding into civil war.
    (AP, 7/18/06)(WSJ, 7/19/06, p.A1)
2006        Jul 18, The UN reported that nearly 6,000 civilians were slain across Iraq in May and June, a spike that coincided with rising sectarian attacks. The report said 2,669 civilians died in May and 3,149 in June, the first full month of the al-Maliki government.
    (AP, 7/19/06)

2006        Jul 19, In Iraq gunmen kidnapped 20 employees of a government agency that cares for Sunni mosques and shrines nationwide, and the organization suspended its work until further notice. At least 49 people were killed in a string of bombings and shootings, mostly in Baghdad. Sixteen other bodies were found in widely separate parts of the country, apparent victims of sectarian death squads. An explosion in a cafe killed 5 people in Kirkuk. In Basra assailants slit the throats of a mother and her 3 children and killed the mother’s sister. The family had fled there to escape threats that they had cooperated with Americans.
    (AP, 7/19/06)(SFC, 7/20/06, p.A3)

2006        Jul 20, Iraq's top Shiite cleric urged his followers to refrain from reprisal violence against Sunnis, his strongest call yet for an end to increasing sectarian bloodshed that threatens to erupt into full-scale civil war. Car bombs in Baghdad killed 9 police officers and 6 civilians. A roadside bomb in eastern Baghdad killed 2. Police in Baghdad found 38 bodies, most of whom were shot in the head. A car bomb exploded at a village gas station in Tikrit, killing 13 people who had gathered around the vehicle after discovering a corpse inside. An explosion in Kirkuk killed 7 people. Gunmen assassinated a former official of Saddam's Baath party in Karbala.
    (AP, 7/20/06)(SFC, 7/21/06, p.A3)

2006        Jul 21, In Iraq US troops raided a neighborhood northeast of Baghdad, killing 5 people, including two women and a child, after gunmen fired from the rooftops of buildings. Bombs killed two worshippers at mosques in Iraq during prayers and the authorities extended a daytime curfew on Baghdad after one of the bloodiest weeks this year.
    (AP, 7/21/06)(Reuters, 7/21/06)

2006        Jul 22, Iraq's parliament speaker Mahmud Mashhadani bitterly criticized US forces in Iraq, accusing them of "butchery" and demanded that they pull out of the country. 7 Shiite workers were gunned down in a religiously mixed area of west Baghdad, and explosions in the heart of the capital shattered a one-day calm after a ban on private vehicles expired. 3 people were killed and 5 injured in a bombing and shooting in the market in Baqouba. At least 6 more people died in attacks elsewhere across Iraq. US and Iraqi troops battled Mahdi fighters in Musayyib, 40 miles south of Baghdad in a three-hour gunbattle that killed 15 extremists and one Iraqi soldier. 2 US soldiers were killed in Baghdad, one from a roadside bomb, the other from small arms fire.
    (AP, 7/22/06)(AP, 7/23/06)(SSFC, 7/23/06, p.A8)

2006        Jul 23, PM Al-Maliki left for Washington for talks on reversing the country's slide toward civil war. A suicide bomber detonated an explosives-laden minibus amid a crowd of day laborers seeking work in a crowded market in Baghdad's mainly Shiite district of Sadr City, killing at least 34 people. This was followed by a bomb attack in front of the area's town hall, which killed eight. Three hours later a one-ton car bomb exploded outside a courthouse in the mixed northern city of Kirkuk, leaving at least 22 dead and 100 injured.
    (AFP, 7/23/06)

2006        Jul 24, Iraqi PM Nuri al-Maliki condemned Israel's bombing of Lebanon's civilian infrastructure and vowed to push for a ceasefire during talks with his British PM Tony Blair. Gunmen ambushed an Iraqi police unit in central Baghdad, triggering a gunbattle in which six officers were killed and 30 were wounded. Mahmoud Ali Hussein al-Nida, the head of Saddam Hussein's Baijat tribe, was killed when gunmen attacked a meeting in the office of a prominent sheik in Tikrit. The gunmen also killed a lawyer and wounded sheik Mizahim al-Mustafa. Two other civilians caught in the crossfire also were killed.
    (AFP, 7/24/06)(AFP, 7/25/06)(AP, 7/25/06)

2006        Jul 25, In Iraq police in Diyala province said five bodies were found on the streets in Muqdadiyah. Gunmen killed a police officer in front of his office in Mosul. 2 roadside bombs exploded in Baghdad, killing two civilians and wounding two bystanders and a policeman. 4 other civilians were shot dead around the capital. Two members of a Shiite family were killed and one was wounded when their removal van was sprayed with bullets. US and Iraqi soldiers captured six members of an alleged "death squad" in Baghdad, hoping to quell the rampant sectarian violence dividing the capital. Attacks elsewhere in Iraq left at least 34 people dead, including an American soldier.
    (AP, 7/25/06)(AFP, 7/25/06)
2006        Jul 25, President Bush was visited at the White House by Iraqi PM Nouri al-Maliki, who said he and Bush agreed that training and better arming Iraqi forces as quickly as possible was central to efforts to stabilizing his country. A Darfur rebel leader was in Washington to meet President Bush, who is trying to convince Khartoum to accept UN peacekeepers to quell the increasing violence in Sudan's remote west. President Bush pressed Darfur rebel leader Minni Arcua Minnawi to help implement a deal aimed at ending the violence in western Sudan.
    (AP, 7/25/06)(Reuters, 7/25/06)(AP, 7/25/07)

2006        Jul 26, Iraq’s PM Nouri al-Maliki addressed US Congress and asked for more US reconstruction aid. He did not talk of sectarian violence in Iraq and did not mention Hezbollah.
    (SFC, 7/27/06, p.A12)

2006        Jul 27, In Iraq a rocket and mortar barrage followed by a car bomb blasted an upscale, mostly Shiite district of Baghdad, killing 32 people and wounding 153. 4 US Marines died in action in western Anbar province. A Salvadoran soldier was killed in Iraq, the 2nd soldier from El Salvador to be killed in the conflict in 8 days. Armed men in Iraqi army uniforms and driving Iraqi army vehicles stole $1.35 million in Iraqi currency in West Baghdad. Gunmen killed 3 men working for a foreign security company in Baghdad’s Mansour neighborhood. The bodies of at least 19 men, shot in the head and bearing signs of torture, were found in various parts of Baghdad.
    (AP, 7/27/06)(AP, 7/28/06)(SFC, 7/28/06, p.A3)(Reuters, 7/29/06)

2006        Jul 28, A bomb planted between a Sunni mosque and a youth center exploded during prayers, killing four people and wounding another nine. gunmen in Tikrit killed two civilians who were employed by US troops.
    (AP, 7/28/06)

2006        Jul 29, A car packed with explosives blew up in a residential district of Kirkuk, killing four people and injuring 13. A Sunni cleric from a tribe opposed to al-Qaida in Iraq was killed while driving in Samarra. 4 unidentified bodies riddled with bullets were found, two behind a school in western Baghdad and two by the Tigris river. Gunmen fired on a taxi in Baghdad carrying a father and son, killing the boy. The US command announced that it was sending 3,700 troops to Baghdad to try to quell the sectarian violence sweeping the capital, and a US official said more American soldiers would follow as the military gears up to take the streets from gunmen. The tours of 4,000 US soldiers in Iraq were extended for up to 4 months. 4 US Marines were killed in combat in Anbar province.
    (AP, 7/29/06)(AP, 7/30/06)(SSFC, 7/30/06, p.A3)(SFC, 7/31/06, p.A3)

2006        Jul 30, In Iraq gunmen killed at least 23 pilgrims on their way to Najaf. A car bomb in Kirkuk killed 6 people and wounded 17.
    (SFC, 7/31/06, p.A3)

2006        Jul 31, In Iraq gunmen wearing military fatigues kidnapped 26 employees and customers from a mobile phone store in the main shopping area of Baghdad. Sectarian killings claimed 30 lives.
    (AP, 8/1/06)(WSJ, 8/1/06, p.A1)

2006        Jul, Some 162,000 Iraqis had registered as refugees with 30,000 in this month alone. About 3,500 violent deaths were reported across Iraq including 1,500 in the Baghdad area for just this month. Figures showed a steady increase in killings since the beginning of the year.
    (Econ, 7/29/06, p.45)(AP, 8/9/06)(WSJ, 8/17/06, p.A1)

2006        Aug 1, Bombings and shootings across Iraq killed over 70 people, including 24 people in a bus destroyed by a roadside bomb in Beiji. In the Karradah neighborhood of Baghdad, a car bomb exploded during morning rush hour near a bank, killing at least 14 people and injuring 37. A US report said graft in Iraq reconstruction is running at $4 billion a year and growing.
    (AP, 8/1/06)(AP, 8/2/06)(WSJ, 8/2/06, p.A1)

2006        Aug 2, President Jalal Talabani said that Iraqi forces will assume security duties for the whole country by the end of the year, taking over responsibility from US and other foreign troops now policing all but one of the 18 provinces. Sectarian and political violence claimed at least 53 lives, including 11 young soccer players and spectators who died when two bombs exploded in a field in a Shiite neighborhood of Baghdad. 2 US Marines died in Anbar province.
    (AP, 8/2/06)(AP, 8/3/06)(SFC, 8/4/06, p.A9)

2006        Aug 3, In Iraq an improvised explosive device in a pile of garbage exploded in the center of Baghdad, killing at least 10 people and injuring 32. Gunmen shot to death four people in separate incidents in Baghdad, Amarah, Mosul and Basra. The bodies of 9 men were found floating in separate places in the Tigris River. At least two of the bodies were blindfolded, bound and shot. Coalition forces killed at least three "terrorists" during an air strike and multiple raids southeast of Baghdad. A suicide bomber drove into a soccer field in the town of Hatra near Mosul, setting off a blast that killed 7 spectators and 3 policemen. Gunmen shot and killed 4 people and wounded 8 from a Shiite family in Dujail. 2 more US Marines were killed in Anbar province.
    (AP, 8/3/06)(AP, 8/4/06)(SFC, 8/4/06, p.A9)
2006        Aug 3, Japanese Foreign Minister Taro Aso arrived in Baghdad on a surprise visit, bringing with him a loan of 3.3 billion yen ($29 million) to jump-start Iraq's economic development.
    (AP, 8/3/06)

2006        Aug 4, Hundreds of thousands of Shiites chanting "Death to Israel" and "Death to America" marched through the streets of Baghdad's biggest Shiite district in a massive show of support for Hezbollah in its battle against Israel. At least 35 people were killed elsewhere in Iraq, many of them in a car bombing and gunbattle in the northern city of Mosul. Some 3,700 soldiers of the Army's 172nd Stryker Brigade moved into Baghdad from the northern city of Mosul. In Mosul 20 militants were believed to have been killed during prolonged street gunfights with security forces in the city's eastern neighborhoods. Gunmen killed a bodyguard of a senior Justice Ministry official in western Baghdad, and a police commando was killed by a roadside bomb in the central city of Samarra.
    (AP, 8/4/06)(AP, 8/5/06)

2006        Aug 5, In Iraq 2 members of Saddam's former regime were shot dead in separate incidents. A US soldier died in Anbar province.
    (AP, 8/5/06)

2006        Aug 6, In Iraq 3 US soldiers were killed in a roadside bombing southwest of Baghdad.
    (AFP, 8/7/06)

2006        Aug 7, A suicide truck bomber struck the provincial headquarters of an Iraqi police commando force north of Baghdad, killing ten policemen. In Baquba six Iraqi soldiers were killed and another 15 wounded when insurgents attacked their checkpoint. In all insurgent and militia attacks left at least 30 Iraqis killed or found dead. Two Iraqi journalists were killed in separate incidents in Baghdad. Mohammed Abbas Hamad (28), a journalist for the Shiite-owned newspaper Al-Bayinnah Al-Jadida, was shot by gunmen at he left his home. Police found the bullet-riddled body of freelance journalist Ismail Amin Ali (30), about a half mile from where he was abducted two weeks ago.
    (AP, 8/7/06)(AFP, 8/7/06)(AP, 8/8/06)(WSJ, 8/8/06, p.A1)

2006        Aug 8, A series of bombings and shootings killed at least 31 people in Baghdad and other parts of Iraq as more US troops were seen in the capital as part of Operation Together Forward, a campaign to reduce Sunni-Shiite violence that threatened civil war. A US Army helicopter crashed in Iraq's western Anbar province, leaving two crew members missing and four injured. A policeman was killed and another wounded when they were trying to defuse a roadside bomb in Samarra. An explosion at a mosque in Baqouba left four people dead.
    (AP, 8/8/06)(AP, 8/9/06)(Econ, 9/2/06, p.44)

2006        Aug 9, Gunmen on two motorcycles assassinated Col. Qassim Abdel-Qadir, administrative head of an Iraqi army division in the southern city of Basra. A roadside bomb exploded near a US patrol in eastern Baghdad's Shiite neighborhood of Habibiya, killing one bystander and wounding one US soldier. Police found the bodies of three men who were shot in the head and dumped in two locations in southwestern Baghdad.
    (AP, 8/9/06)

2006        Aug 10, In Iraq a suicide bomber detonated a belt of explosives near a highly revered Shiite shrine in Najaf, killing at least 35 people and injuring 122.
    (AP, 8/10/06)(SFC, 8/11/06, p.A8)

2006        Aug 11, US soldiers raided a funeral and detained 60 men suspected of ties to al-Qaida car bombings in the first major roundup of suspected insurgents since troop reinforcements began arriving for a new crackdown in Baghdad.
    (AP, 8/12/06)

2006        Aug 12, The government said PM Nouri al-Maliki had banned the Kurdistan Workers Party, a rebel group fighting for autonomy in southeastern Turkey, from operating in Baghdad. Two people were killed in the southern city of Basra when a bomb exploded at a shop selling CDs featuring sermons and interviews of radical Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr. Police found a dozen bodies trapped in a grate in the Tigris River, and a roadside bomb killed two US soldiers on a foot patrol south of Baghdad as nearly 50 violent deaths were reported across Iraq.
    (AP, 8/12/06)(AP, 8/13/06)
2006        Aug 12, Oil smuggling in Iraq was said to be worth $4 billion a year.
    (Econ, 8/12/06, p.40)

2006        Aug 13, Iraq's health minister, who is aligned to a powerful Shiite militia, claimed that US forces arrested seven of his personal guards in a surprise pre-dawn raid on his office. 4 vehicle bombs killed 63 Iraqis and wounded 140 in a predominantly Shiite neighborhood of Baghdad.
    (AP, 8/13/06)(AP, 8/14/06)(SFC, 8/16/06, p.A6)

2006        Aug 14, At least 10 people were killed in shootings and bombings across Iraq, including three blacksmiths shot by gunmen in the northern city of Mosul.
    (AP, 8/14/06)

2006        Aug 15, A suicide bomber killed nine people at the party headquarters of the Iraqi president. In Basra tribal leader Faisal Raji al-Asadi, an anti-American Shiite cleric, was killed. Gunbattles between his supporters and Iraqi forces left at least six people dead. In Karbala street battles between security forces and followers of anti-American cleric Mahmoud al-Hassani, left 12 dead, including two Iraqi soldiers. A suicide car bomber killed nine people in an attack on the Mosul headquarters of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan, a Kurdish party headed by President Jalal Talabani.
    (AP, 8/15/06)(AP, 8/16/06)(SFC, 8/17/06, p.A14)

2006        Aug 16, Bombings in Baghdad, killed 21 people and wounded 59. One American soldier was also killed as he was distributing candy to the children. British troops drove off gunmen who attacked the Basra governor's office, apparently to avenge a tribal leader killed the day before. In Mosul armed clashes between police and assailants in three predominantly Sunni Arab neighborhoods killed least five gunmen with six arrested. A roadside bomb exploded near an Iraqi army patrol north of Hillah, killing three soldiers and wounding four. In Karbala 10 militia fighters were killed and 281 arrested. A US soldier died of wounds suffered in Anbar province.
    (AP, 8/16/06)(SFC, 8/17/06, p.A14)(AP, 8/17/06)

2006        Aug 17, In central Baghdad 2 car bombs killed 13 people and injured 55, hours after another bomb killed 8 laborers. One US soldier killed when a roadside bomb exploded near a foot patrol south of Baghdad. A gallon of gasoline on the black market in Baghdad sold for about $4.92, although the official price was 64 cents a gallon. Iraq said it had doubled the money allocated for importing oil products in August and September to tackle the country's worst fuel shortage since Saddam Hussein's 2003 ouster.
    (AP, 8/17/06)(SFC, 8/18/06, p.A7)
2006        Aug 17, Jordanian envoy Ahmed al-Lozi has presented his credentials to the Iraqi government, becoming the first fully accredited Arab ambassador in the country since the fall of Saddam Hussein.
    (AP, 8/18/06)

2006        Aug 18, In Iraq 7 pilgrims heading to a major Shiite religious gathering were shot dead in a Sunni neighborhood.
    (AP, 8/19/06)

2006        Aug 19, At least 13 people were killed around Iraq, including four Iraqi soldiers in a roadside bomb explosion in Diwaniyah. An American soldier was killed in combat in Anbar province.
    (AP, 8/19/06)(AP, 8/20/06)

2006        Aug 20, Snipers firing from rooftops and a cemetery killed 20 people and wounded dozens in a series of attacks on a Shiite religious procession that drew hundreds of thousands of pilgrims to Baghdad. The "terrorist assaults" took place when the pilgrims were walking through Sunni areas on their way to the shrine of Imam Moussa Kadhim. 2 US Marines and a sailor were killed in the western province of Anbar.
    (AP, 8/20/06)(AP, 8/21/06)(Reuters, 8/21/06)

2006        Aug 21, In Iraq a US serviceman was killed when the vehicle he was traveling in was hit by a roadside bomb north of Baghdad. A defiant Saddam Hussein refused to enter a plea on genocide charges and dismissed the court as illegitimate as his second trial began.
    (Reuters, 8/21/06)(AP, 8/21/07)

2006        Aug 22, In Iraq two people were killed in a bomb explosion in Baghdad and two people were killed during clashes between British forces and gunmen in the southern city of Amarah. A policeman was shot to death in a drive-by shooting in Al-Hay, north of Amarah.
    (AP, 8/22/06)(AP, 8/23/06)

2006        Aug 23, A roadside bomb exploded in Baghdad and narrowly missed the interior minister's convoy, killing two civilians and wounding several traffic policemen. A suicide bomber blew himself up outside a police headquarters in Mosul, killing at least one person. An Iraqi army officer, 1st Lt. Hassanein Saadi al-Zerjawi (29) was gunned down in a drive-by shooting in Amarah. A roadside bomb missed a US military convoy in Fallujah, 40 miles west of Baghdad, killing two pedestrians and injuring 12. One US soldier was killed during a raid to capture "foreign terrorists." Two militants also were killed.
    (AP, 8/23/06)(AP, 8/24/06)
2006        Aug 23, A leader of Kurdish rebels battling Turkey's government said in a rare interview that his guerrillas will not give in to US pressure to disarm without a "political project" that fulfills their calls for autonomy. PKK party officials met with a group of journalists in the rugged, isolated Qandil Mountain in Iraq's northeast corner where the group is based.
    (AP, 8/24/06)

2006        Aug 24, In Iraq gunmen overnight killed at least three people. A US soldiers was killed south of Baghdad. 3 car bombs in Baghdad and a series of bombings and shootings across the country killed 16 Iraqis and two US soldiers. Police found four handcuffed bodies dumped separately in the streets of Kut.
    (AP, 8/24/06)(AP, 8/25/06)

2006        Aug 25, Looters ravaged Camp Abu Naji in Amarah, a former British base, a day after the camp was turned over to Iraqi troops, taking everything from doors and window frames to corrugated roofing and metal pipes. A police officer was killed in a drive-by shooting in downtown Samarra.
    (AP, 8/25/06)

2006        Aug 26, Iraq's PM Nouri al-Maliki urged hundreds of tribal leaders to join his efforts to end sectarian strife and terrorism Kidnapped Sunni lawmaker Tayseer al-Mashhadani was released after being held for nearly two months. Al-Mashhadani and 7 of her bodyguards were seized July 1 by gunmen in a Shiite area of east Baghdad. Gunmen in a speeding car opened fire on two sisters working as translators for the British consulate, killing one of them and seriously wounding the other. 26 people were killed in dozens of attacks across Iraq. One US soldier was killed by a roadside bomb.
    (AP, 8/26/06)(AP, 8/27/06)(AP, 8/28/06)

2006        Aug 27, In Baghdad 2 explosions killed at least 12 people and wounded dozens. Gunmen in 3 cars opened fire at the outdoor market of Khalis, a mostly Shiite town. 12 people were killed and 25 others were wounded. 7 US soldiers were killed in and around Baghdad, 6 by roadside bombs and one by gunfire. Bombings and shootings killed at least 73 people across the country.
    (AP, 8/27/06)(AP, 8/28/06)(SFC, 8/28/06, p.A3)

2006        Aug 28, In Iraq a suicide car bombing in Baghdad killed 16 people. Clashes in Diwaniyah between Shiite militia and Iraqi security forces left 73 people dead. A US service member died of wounds sustained in a vehicle accident in Balad north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 8/28/06)(AP, 8/29/06)

2006        Aug 29, The bodies of 13 people, believed to have been aged between 25 and 35, were found dumped behind a Shiite mosque in the Turath neighborhood in western Baghdad. All were handcuffed, showed signs of torture and had been shot in the head. 11 of the bullet-riddled corpses were found near a school in the Shiite dominated Maalif neighborhood in southern Baghdad. A pipeline carrying oil byproducts exploded near Diwaniyah, killing at least 36 people with 45 injured.
    (AP, 8/29/06)(AP, 8/30/06)

2006        Aug 30, A roadside bomb exploded in Baghdad's oldest and largest wholesale market district, killing at least 24 people and wounding 35. An explosives-rigged bicycle detonated near an army recruiting center in Hillah killed at least 12 people and wounded 28. Bloodshed left at least 52 dead. 2 American soldiers and a Marine were killed.
    (AP, 8/30/06)(AP, 9/1/06)

2006        Aug 31, PM Nouri al-Maliki said Iraqi security forces will take over Dhi Qar province in September, and will take over the control of more provinces during the rest of the year. A suicide car bomb targeting a line of cars waiting at a Baghdad gas station killed two people and wounded 13. A barrage of coordinated attacks across eastern Baghdad neighborhoods killed at least 64 people and wounded 286 within half an hour. The dead included at least 13 women and a dozen children. A total of 85 people were killed across the country.
    (AP, 8/31/06)(AP, 9/1/06)(SFC, 9/1/06, p.A3)

2006        Sep 1, In Iraq gunmen fatally shot one policeman in each of two towns outside of Baghdad in separate incidents. Police said they found the body of a Saddam Hussein-era intelligence officer who had been kidnapped and shot. Kurdish leader Massoud Barzani ordered the Iraqi national flag to be replaced with the Kurdish one in his northern autonomous region. A US soldier died from wounds sustained during action in Anbar province.
    (AP, 9/1/06)(AP, 9/3/06)

2006        Sep 2, In Iraq attacks killed 13 Pakistani and Indian pilgrims south of Baghdad and three bombings left six people dead.
    (AP, 9/2/06)

2006        Sep 3, Iraq's national security adviser said that Iraqi and coalition forces had arrested the second most senior figure in al-Qaida in Iraq. Hamed Jumaa Farid al-Saeedi, known as Abu Humam or Abu Rana, was captured north of Baghdad "along with another group of his aides and followers. A later report dated his capture to June 19. At least 16 Iraqis and two US soldiers were killed in bomb attacks and shootings nationwide. A US soldier died from wounds in Anbar province and 2 Marines were killed while fighting there.
    (AP, 9/3/06)(AP, 9/5/06)(AP, 9/6/06)

2006        Sep 4, In Iraq a popular Iraqi soccer star was kidnapped. 33 bullet-riddled bodies were found in Baghdad and 2 more in Kut. At least two people also were killed and six were wounded in and around Baqouba. Two suicide bombers slammed into a checkpoint on the outskirts of Baghdad, killing an Iraqi soldier and wounding eight. Gunmen in Ramadi killed Maj. Gen. Mohammad Thumeil, who had served in former Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein's military. An American soldier was killed by a roadside bomb north of Baghdad, while a 2nd soldier died of non-combat related injuries. 2 US Marines and one sailor were killed in fighting Anbar province.
    (AP, 9/4/06)(AP, 9/5/06)
2006        Sep 4, Lt. Col. Marshall Gutierrez (41), whistleblower on food overcharging for the Iraq war, was found dead in his quarters in Kuwait. A Kuwaiti contractor had accused Gutierrez of seeking bribes.
    (WSJ, 10/20/07, p.A1)

2006        Sep 5, The Iraqi parliament voted to extend the country's state of emergency for 30 more days.
    (AP, 9/5/06)

2006        Sep 6, Iraq executed 27 "terrorists" convicted by Iraqi courts of killings and rapes in several provinces. 2 bombs exploded in northern Baghdad within minutes of each other, killing at least nine people and wounding 39 others. In northeastern Baghdad, gunmen opened fire on a procession of pilgrims heading to the Shiite holy city of Karbala, 50 miles south of Baghdad, killing one person and wounding two. Mortar attacks in residential areas in Diyala province, north of Baghdad, killed three people: a 2-year-old child in the Khan Bani Saad area and two people in Muqdadiyah. In Baqouba gunmen killed three construction workers waiting for a bus. An employee in the Diyala police and army coordination office was shot to death as she left her house in the city's Tahrir neighborhood. Gunmen also killed the owner of a food store in the same area. Gunmen, in Baghdad kidnapped the nephew of Iraq's parliament speaker, Mahmoud al-Mashhadani. 2 American soldiers were killed in separate incidents. Attacks across Iraq left 36 dead and 29 corpses were found.
    (AP, 9/6/06)(AP, 9/7/06)(WSJ, 9/7/06, p.A1)

2006        Sep 7, Coalition forces handed over control of Iraq's armed forces command to the government. Initially, this would apply only to the 8th Iraqi Army Division, the air force and the navy. The other nine Iraqi division remain under US command, with authority gradually being transferred. Six bomb attacks targeting police patrols in Baghdad killed at least 17 people and wounded more than 50. A British soldier died of injuries sustained when his patrol came under fire in Qurnah.
    (AP, 9/7/06)(AP, 9/8/06)

2006        Sep 8, A roadside bomb in Baghdad and a mortar attack on Shiite pilgrims south of the capital killed five people. A roadside bomb also struck an Iraqi army convoy in a village near Karmah, 50 miles west of Baghdad, killing four Iraqi soldiers. An American soldier died after being wounded in a roadside bomb explosion south of Baghdad. 3 mortar rounds landed on a procession of pilgrims heading to Karbala for a ceremony, killing at least three and wounding 22. A roadside bomb targeting a police patrol In Baghdad killed two people and wounded six.
    (AP, 9/8/06)

2006        Sep 9, In Iraq the US-led coalition said an Iraqi court has convicted 38 people of charges related to the insurgency, including kidnapping and murder. Their sentences ranged from six months to life. At least 15 violent deaths were reported across the country. Millions of Shiite pilgrims thronged Karbala for a religious festival that ended peacefully amid tight security. Authorities found the bullet-riddled bodies of 6 people dumped in Mahmoudiya. One unidentified body, blindfolded with hands and feet bound, was found in the Tigris River in Suwayah.
    (AP, 9/9/06)(AP, 9/10/06)

2006        Sep 10, Wrangling forced Iraq's parliament to suspend debate on a bill that Sunni Arab groups fear would break up the country. At least 27 people were killed across Iraq. In Kut 6 bodies bearing signs of torture were found in the Tigris River. 2 bodies were found in Musayyib and 3 more near the Duluiya bridge.
    (AP, 9/10/06)(SFC, 9/11/06, p.A3)

2006        Sep 11, In Iraq a mini bus carrying a bomb exploded outside an army recruiting center in Baghdad and killed 16 people, the deadliest of a string of attacks that left 29 Iraqis dead. A US soldier also died over the weekend.
    (AP, 9/11/06)

2006        Sep 12, Iraqi PM Nouri al-Maliki made his first official visit to Iran since taking office and planned to ask Tehran to prevent al-Qaida members believed to be in Iran from crossing into Iraq to carry out attacks. A parked car bomb detonated in Baghdad's upscale Mansour neighborhood, killing at least six people and wounding 18 others. Bombings, mortar attacks and shootings overnight and during the day left at least 24 people dead and dozens wounded around the country.
    (AP, 9/12/06)

2006        Sep 13, In Iraq police found the bodies of 65 men who had been tortured, shot and dumped, most around Baghdad. Car bombs, mortar attacks and shootings killed at least 39 people around Iraq and injured dozens more.
    (AP, 9/13/06)(WSJ, 9/14/06, p.A1)

2006        Sep 14, Iraqi officials said Abu Jaafar al-Liby, described by the ministry as either the second or third most important figure in al-Qaida in Iraq, was killed by police earlier this week. Car bombs and drive-by shootings killed at least 19 people, including 5 US soldiers, in a series of attacks around central Iraq. Death squads left behind at least 22 bodies.
    (AP, 9/14/06)(AP, 9/15/06)(SFC, 9/15/06, p.A14)

2006        Sep 15, Iraq’s Interior Minister said the government will ring Baghdad with a series of trenches  and traffic checkpoints to control movement. Police found 30 bodies bearing signs of torture in Baghdad. A US Marine was killed in Anbar province just hours after an American soldier was killed by a roadside bomb northwest of Baghdad. In central Baghdad, a gunman opened fire from the top of an abandoned building in a Sunni Arab neighborhood, killing an Iraqi civilian and wounding five others. Sheik Muhanad al-Gharairi was a spokesman for the Conference of People of Iraq, a Sunni Arab party headed by Adnan al-Dulaimi, was killed by gunmen.
    (AP, 9/15/06)(SFC, 9/16/06, p.A1)

2006        Sep 16, Iraq’s PM Nuri al-Maliki launched a fresh peace bid and the US pledged more troops to help restore stability in the Iraqi capital. At least eight people were killed in rebel attacks.  Police recovered 48 bodies from across Baghdad. Most were those of young men who had been tortured, blindfolded, handcuffed and shot several times. Iraqi police uncovered a large munitions cache stored in the southern town of Ad Dayr.
    (AP, 9/16/06)(SSFC, 9/17/06, p.A23)(AP, 9/17/06)

2006        Sep 17, In Iraq a series of attacks, including two suicide car bombings in the northern city of Kirkuk, killed 24 people and wounded dozens. A series of near simultaneous mortar and bomb attacks targeting police patrols in Fallujah killed 4 people, including two policemen, and wounded 10. In Baghdad a bomb left in plastic bag exploded on the central commercial Jumhouriyah street, killing two civilians and wounding 8. The bullet-riddled bodies of 4 unidentified men were found in separate neighborhoods in east Baghdad. Another two bodies were found in the Tigris river in central Baghdad. Both had been shot, and one had been decapitated. Another blindfolded and bound body was found dumped in a river in the city of Kut. Ahmed Riyadh al-Karbouli (25), an Iraqi journalist, was killed in Ramadi.
    (AP, 9/17/06)(AP, 9/19/06)

2006        Sep 18, The Iraqi army's 4th division took over operational control of central Salahuddin province from the US-led coalition. Sheik Fassal al-Guood, a prominent Sunni tribal leader, said 15 of Ramadi's 18 tribes "have sworn to fight those who are killing Sunnis and Shiites," and said they had an armed force of about 20,000 men. Bombers and gunmen killed 8 people in Baqouba as security forces prepared to further tighten security ahead of the holy month of Ramadan. In southern Basra police found the body of Lt. Col. Fawzi Abdul Karim al-Mousawi, chief of the city's anti-terrorism department. Gunmen killed a former member of the defunct Ba'th Party in Hillah. Police in Baghdad found the bodies of 3 men, bound, blindfolded and shot in the head. Six bombs killed 24 people and wounded 84 in Kirkuk. The tortured bodies of 15 people were found elsewhere. In total bombers and gunmen killed at least 41 people and wounded dozens across Iraq, while parliament leaders again put off debate on legislation that some Iraqis fear could threaten the country's unity and bring even more violence. 3 US soldiers died, including one killed by a roadside bomb explosion and another after being shot. A third soldier died from non-battle-related injuries.
    (AP, 9/18/06)(AP, 9/19/06)

2006        Sep 19, The Iraqi government said it will shut down all offices belonging to the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) around the country. The chief judge in Saddam Hussein's genocide trial was replaced amid complaints he was being too easy on the deposed Iraqi leader. A rocket attack on a Shiite neighborhood in southern Baghdad killed 10 people and wounded 19. In northern Iraq at least 17 people were killed and 11 wounded in twin bombings in the town of Al-Shurqat.
    (AP, 9/19/06)(AFP, 9/20/06)(AP, 9/19/07)
2006        Sep 19, A British soldier pleaded guilty to one count of inhumanely treating Iraqi civilians, while he and his comrades denied all other charges in a landmark court-martial.
    (AP, 9/19/06)

2006        Sep 20, An Iraqi police headquarters in Baghdad was hit by a suicide truck bomb, killing at least 7 people. Rebels killed at least 16 people in Iraq in a series of bombings and shootings.
    (AFP, 9/20/06)

2006        Sep 21, Iraq’s Defense Ministry said insurgents are no longer using just volunteers as suicide car bombers but are instead kidnapping drivers, rigging their vehicles with explosives and blowing them up. Italy formally handed over security responsibility of the southern Dhi Qar province to Iraqi forces, the second of the country's 18 provinces to be handed over to local control. 2 people were killed and another nine were wounded when a car bomb exploded near an electricity company office in Baghdad. The number of Iraqi civilians killed in July and August hit a record-high 6,599. An American soldier was killed after his vehicle was hit by a roadside bombing in eastern Baghdad.
    (AP, 9/21/06)(AP, 9/22/06)

2006        Sep 22, In Iraq gunmen opened fire on Sunni mosques and homes in a religiously mixed Baghdad neighborhood, killing four people in an attack that drew the condemnation of Sunni leaders across the city. Muntasir Hamoud Ileiwi al-Jubouri, an alleged leader of Ansar al-Sunnah, and two of his aides were captured. He is a leader of the group believed to be behind the 2004 attack on a US military mess hall. An American contractor working for the State Department was killed in a rocket attack in the southern city of Basra. Police found the blindfolded and bound bodies of nine men from a Sunni tribe who had been dragged out of a wedding dinner in east Baghdad the night before by men dressed in Iraqi army uniforms. Four other bodies were found in other parts of the capital, again blindfolded and with their hands and legs tied.
    (AP, 9/22/06)(AP, 9/23/06)

2006        Sep 23, A bombing in the Shiite slum of Sadr City killed 38 people and wounded 42 as they stocked up on fuel for Ramadan. The severed heads of 10 Iraqi soldiers that were tossed into a crowded market in Beiji by unidentified gunmen. Minority Sunnis began the fasting month of Ramadan. Police Col. Ismaiel Chehayyan was killed by gunmen while having his Ramadan fast-breaking dinner at a friend's house. Iraqi security forces arrested a leader of the al-Ashreen Brigades, a group responsible for attacks and kidnappings. The leader along with 7 aides were captured in Kharnabat. 5 apparent death squad victims were turned in to the morgue in Kut. The victims were blindfolded with their arms and hands bound, and showed signs of torture.
    (AP, 9/23/06)(AP, 9/24/06)

2006        Sep 24, Iraq’s PM Nouri al-Maliki called for Shiites and Sunnis to use the Islamic holy month of Ramadan to put aside their differences. Iraq's parliamentary groups agreed to open debate on a contentious Shiite-proposed draft legislation that will allow the creation of federal regions in Iraq. Authorities reported that at least 20 people were killed in scattered violence across the country. Authorities reported that 45 bodies were received at the morgue, the apparent victims of sectarian death squads.
    (AP, 9/24/06)(SFC, 9/25/06, p.A9)

2006        Sep 25, Iraq's feuding ethnic and sectarian groups moved ahead with forming a committee to consider amending the constitution after their leaders agreed to delay any division of the country into autonomous states until 2008. In Basra British forces shot and killed Omar al-Farouq, a leading al-Qaida terrorist, more than a year after he embarrassed the US military by making an unprecedented escape from a maximum security military prison in Afghanistan in July, 2005. A US soldier died of wounds sustained from enemy fire in Mosul. A US Marine and soldier were killed in action in western Anbar province.
    (AP, 9/25/06)(AP, 9/26/06)(AP, 9/27/06)

2006        Sep 26, Iraqi security forces arrested another leader of the 1920 Revolution Brigades, a group accused of numerous attacks on US forces. A series of bomb explosions killed at least 21 people and wounded dozens in and around Baghdad, where police also found 23 tortured bodies, apparently victims of sectarian death squads.
    (AP, 9/26/06)(AP, 9/27/06)(WSJ, 9/27/06, p.A1)

2006        Sep 27, In Iraq the US military said it killed four suspected terrorists and four civilians, including a pregnant woman, in a raid in Baqouba. An investigation followed as surviving family members said the attack was unprovoked. Gunmen killed 10 people near a Sunni mosque at Ramadan prayers.
    (AP, 9/27/06)(SFC, 9/28/06, p.A19)(WSJ, 9/28/06, p.A1)

2006        Sep 28, Iraq's Central Criminal Court said it had convicted 22 suspected insurgents of a range of crimes, including weapons violations and illegally entering the country. The bodies of 60 people who been tortured were found in and around Baghdad in a span of 24 hours. 5 people died from a car-bomb explosion near a restaurant. Attacks left 21 Iraqis dead. Al-Qaida in Iraq released an audiotape calling for nuclear scientists to join in a holy war and urged insurgents to kidnap Westerners.
    (AP, 9/28/06)(SFC, 9/29/06, p.A12)(WSJ, 9/29/06, p.A1)

2006        Sep 29, In Iraq Kadhim Abdul-Hussein, the brother-in-law of Judge Mohammed Oreibi al-Khalifa, the new judge presiding over Saddam Hussein's genocide trial, was killed and his nephew was wounded in a shooting in Baghdad. Al-Khalifa had been deputy to the original chief judge in the trial. 3 other people died in scattered attacks. 10 bodies with signs of torture were found in and around Baghdad, apparently victims of the sectarian death squads. The names of more than 150 people who allegedly spied on their fellow Kurds for Saddam's mukhabarat intelligence service after the Kurdish uprising of 1991 were published by the Awina (Mirror) and Hawalati (Citizen) newspapers.
    (AP, 9/29/06)(AFP, 10/1/06)

2006        Sep 30, In Iraq 6 people were killed in scattered violence around the country. Police found 10 bodies in Baghdad, apparently victims of sectarian death squads. Two other bodies were turned in to the morgue in Kut.
    (AP, 9/30/06)

2006        Sep, The English-language Univ. of Kurdistan opened in Kurdish controlled Iraq with some 300 undergraduates and 50 graduate students.
    (SFC, 8/3/07, p.A10)

2006        Oct 1, In Iraq violence killed at least 17 people in Baghdad and elsewhere including a woman and a girl who died in a crossfire during a joint US-Iraqi raid on a suspected militia member's home. Insurgents fired mortar rounds at British targets at the Shat Al-Arab hotel in Basra. One landed on a nearby home, killing a 7-year-old boy and his 3-year-old sister and wounding a third child. Gunmen kidnapped 26 workers from a refrigerated food factory in western Baghdad in what appeared to be a new sectarian attack. The kidnapped workers included Shiites and Sunnis, and they included 3 women. 7 bodies found in the predominantly Sunni neighborhood of Dora were identified as victims of the food factory kidnapping, but the whereabouts of the others were unknown. The headless bodies of seven people, apparently the victims of sectarian death squads, were found in Suwayrah, 25 miles south of Baghdad. A US soldier died when his vehicle was struck by a roadside bomb west of Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/1/06)(AP, 10/2/06)(AP, 10/3/06)

2006        Oct 2, Iraq’s Parliament extended the state of emergency as gunmen seized 14 employees from computer stores in downtown Baghdad in the second mass kidnapping in as many days. A police patrol was ambushed in southern Iraq by gunmen who killed two officers and injured three. At least 50 corpses were discovered scattered around Baghdad overnight. 4 US soldiers were killed in Baghdad in separate small-arms fire attacks. Another four were killed in a roadside bomb attack on their patrol northwest of Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/2/06)(AP, 10/3/06)

2006        Oct 3, Iraqi lawmakers across party lines endorsed the prime minister's new plan for stopping sectarian killings, but Shiite and Sunni leaders still must work out details of how to put aside sharp divisions and work together to halt the bloodshed. A suicide bomber unleashed a blast in a Baghdad fish market and two Shiite families were found slain north of the capital as violence across Iraq claimed at least 53 lives. A raid killed four terror suspects in the western Iraqi town of Haditha. A US soldier was killed in a shooting in Baghdad. A second died from gunfire in Kirkuk.
    (AP, 10/3/06)(AP, 10/4/06)(AP, 10/5/06)

2006        Oct 4, Iraqi authorities took a brigade of up to 700 policemen out of service and put members under investigation for "possible complicity" with death squads following a mass kidnapping earlier this week. A series of bombs went off in rapid succession in a shopping district in a mainly Christian neighborhood of Baghdad, killing 16 people and wounding 87. The dead were among 26 people killed in attacks across Iraq. A suicide bomber attacked an Iraqi police base in the town of Ramadi, but guards shot at the explosives-packed vehicle and detonated it before it could hit the base.
    (AP, 10/4/06)(AP, 10/5/06)

2006        Oct 5, Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice visited Baghdad, where she warned Iraqi leaders they had limited time to settle their differences. A car bomb exploded in the mainly Shiite neighborhood of Hurriyah in Baghdad, killing two people and wounding two more. Another bomb struck a group of laborers waiting for work at a downtown square in the capital, killing two and wounding 26. Bombings and shooting in and around Baqouba left seven dead. Mohammed Ridha Mohammed, a Kurdish lawmaker, was kidnapped and shot to death and Shiite militias were held responsible for killing. Mohammed was a member of the Islamic Group, a conservative Sunni party in the Kurdish Alliance. One person was killed and four wounded in a double bombing outside a neighborhood power generator in Baghdad’s Qahira district. Police found the bodies of five men in their 30s, the apparent victims of sectarian death squads, their hands and feet bound and signs of torture on their bodies. Police found 7 bodies floating in the area of Suwayrah. Gunmen killed Naseer Shamil (37), a former Iraqi national volleyball player and a Shiite, in his shop in Baghdad. One American soldier with the 3rd Brigade, 82nd Airborne Division, died near Beiji.
    (AP, 10/6/06)(AP, 10/7/06)(AP, 10/5/07)

2006        Oct 6, Petty Officer 3rd Class Melson J. Bacos, a Navy medic, pleaded guilty to kidnapping and conspiracy, telling his court-martial at Camp Pendleton, Calif., that he stood and watched as seven members of a Marine squadron murdered an innocent Iraqi civilian.
    (AP, 10/6/07)

2006        Oct 7, In northern Iraq a suicide bomber rammed a police checkpoint with an explosives-laden vehicle in Tal Afar, killing 14 people, including some who died when their homes collapsed in the blast. More than two dozen people died in violence around the country. 7 bullet-riddled bodies were found in Baghdad. In two raids in the province of Diyala, Iraqi forces killed two al-Qaida suspects and captured 40. 2 US soldiers were killed in Iraq.
    (AP, 10/7/06)(AP, 10/8/06)

2006        Oct 8, Iraqi and US forces clashed with Shiite militiamen in the southern city of Diwaniyah after a raid on the home of a leader of the Mahdi Army, accused of killing Sunnis. 30 militiamen were killed in the fighting. 350-400 Iraqi policemen fell sick and 3 died from poisoning at a base in southern Iraq after the evening meal breaking their daily Ramadan fast. A number of people were arrested, including the man in charge of the mess hall. Spoiled food served at the mess hall was later determined as the cause. At least 13 other violent deaths were reported nationwide, including a Shiite woman and her young daughter who were killed when gunmen opened fire on their minivan in Baqouba, northeast of Baghdad. The driver also was killed. Police found 51 bullet-riddled bodies in various parts of Baghdad during the last 24-hour period. One US soldier was killed in Tikrit by a roadside bomb.
    (AP, 10/8/06)(AFP, 10/9/06)(AP, 10/10/06)

2006        Oct 9, Iraqi forces arrested Sabah Ireimit al-Issawi, a high-ranking member of the al-Qaida in Iraq terror organization. Gunmen wearing military uniforms assassinated Lt. Gen. Amir al-Hashimi, a Defense Ministry adviser and the brother of Iraq's Sunni Arab vice president in his home, the third sibling the official has lost this year to the country's violence. 11 Iraqi soldiers were kidnapped in a brazen attack on a checkpoint in Sadr City. Iraqi and US troops killed at least nine fighters in clashes with the Mahdi Army, Iraq's most powerful Shiite militia, in the southern city of Diwaniya, the second straight day of battles there. Gunmen killed police Lt. Col. Salih al-Karkhi in the Diyala capital of Baqouba. In west Baghdad, two security guards at a municipal building were killed by unidentified gunmen. In the northern town of Tal Afar, a suicide car bomber slammed into a police checkpoint, killing one policeman. One US soldier was killed on patrol in Baghdad. 3 US Marines died from enemy action in Anbar province.
    (AP, 10/9/06)(AP, 10/10/06)

2006        Oct 10, Iraq's government forged ahead with a plan aimed at ending sectarian attacks, even as a bombing in the capital killed 10 people. Officials said that all security checkpoints in Baghdad would soon be manned by an equal number of Shiite and Sunni Arab troops to ensure the security forces do not allow sectarian attacks. Officials discovered the mutilated bodes of 60 men in the last 24-hours.
    (AP, 10/10/06)

2006        Oct 11, The Shiite-dominated parliament passed a law allowing the formation of federal regions in Iraq, despite opposition from Sunni lawmakers and some Shiites who say it will dismember the country and fuel sectarian violence. A controversial new study said nearly 655,000 Iraqis have died because of the war, suggesting a far higher death toll than other estimates. More than 2,660 Iraqi civilians were killed in the capital in September according to figures from the Iraqi Health Ministry. Insurgents hit an ammunition dump on a US base in Baghdad with a mortar round, setting off fiery explosions through the night that shook buildings miles away. Renewed attacks killed at least 14 people, primarily in Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/11/06)

2006        Oct 12, Gunmen stormed the headquarters of a new Sunni Arab satellite television station, killing the board chairman and 10 others, the second attack on an Iraqi station in the capital in as many weeks.
    (AP, 10/12/06)

2006        Oct 13, At least 15 people were killed in attacks around Iraq, including the commander of a battalion of special Interior Ministry police and six women and two girls who were shot south of Baghdad near Suwayrah. Police found the corpses of 21 murder victims in Duluiyah many of them riddled with bullets and showing signs of torture. Gunmen attacked a farmhouse in Saifiyah and killed an entire family, including five women and three children, in an attack apparently motivated by sectarian hatred. A US soldier was killed in a roadside bombing southwest of Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/13/06)(AFP, 10/14/06)(AP, 10/14/06)(AP, 10/15/06)

2006        Oct 14, A spokesman said the ministry in charge of Iraq's police force will change top commanders and has already fired some 3,000 employees accused of corruption or rights abuses. Suspected Shiite militiamen killed at least 27 Sunni Arabs in Balad in apparent retaliation for the slayings of 17 Shiites, whose decapitated bodies were found in an orchard on the town's outskirts a day earlier. South of Baghdad three women and four men were killed in drive-by shootings in the predominantly Shiite village of Wahda. A US Marine was killed in combat in Anbar province. 3 US soldiers died in a roadside bombing south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/14/06)(AFP, 10/14/06)(AP, 10/15/06)(SSFC, 10/15/06, p.A20)

2006        Oct 15, At least 83 people were killed during a two-day spree of sectarian revenge killings. Suspected Shiite militiamen killed at least 20 more Sunni Arabs in Balad. A string of bombings in Kirkuk killed 10 people, including two girls who died when a man detonated explosives strapped to his body in front of the al-Mallimin girls high school. In Baghdad Interior Ministry undersecretary Hala Shakir Salim survived a roadside bomb attack that killed seven others, four bystanders and three bodyguards. A husband, wife and two of their sons were killed, and two daughters-in-law critically wounded when gunmen burst into their home in Mosul. Two US soldiers were killed and two other American soldiers were wounded on after coming under fire in the province of Kirkuk.
    (AP, 10/15/06)(Reuters, 10/16/06)

2006        Oct 16, Saddam Hussein issued an open letter, saying Iraq's "liberation is at hand" and calling for an end to sectarian killings. The brother of the prosecutor in his genocide trial was shot to death at home, the latest death linked to proceedings against the deposed leader. Unidentified gunmen in police uniforms hijacked 13 civilian cars and abducted their occupants at a checkpoint outside Balad after the post had shut down for the night. Sunnis fleeing Balad across the Tigris River to Duluiyah said Shiite police in the city had teamed up with death squads who killed at least 74 Sunnis. A pair of roadside bombs exploded near a bank in central Baghdad, killing a policeman, while the bullet-riddled bodies of eight men were found dumped around the Iraqi capital overnight. Across Iraq bombings and shootings killed at least 32 people, including 10 who died in shootings in the predominantly Shiite city of Basra. In Karmah a roadside bomb killed five Iraqi soldiers as their convoy passed through the town. Gunmen stormed into the house of a Shiite family in Balad Ruz, 45 miles northeast of Baghdad before dawn, killing the mother and four adult sons and injuring the father. 708 Iraqis have been reported killed in war-related violence this month, or more than 44 a day.
    (AP, 10/16/06)(AP, 10/17/06)

2006        Oct 17, In Iraq attacks left Iraqis dead and 16 more corpses turned up in Baghdad. 8 US soldiers and one Marine were killed by roadside bombs and enemy fire in and around Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/18/06)(WSJ, 10/18/06, p.A1)

2006        Oct 18, In Iraq PM Nouri al-Maliki consulted with Iraq's Shiite spiritual leader Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani and radical cleric Muqtada al-Sadr in Najaf in a bid to enlist support for efforts to build political consensus and tackle the Sunni-Shiite killings. A bomb planted on the main highway between the cities of Amarah and Basra killed Ali Qassim al-Tamimi, head of intelligence for the Maysan provincial police force, along with four bodyguards. At least four people were killed and 13 wounded when a pair of roadside bombs went off in quick succession in the same spot in a residential part of the southern Dora district of Baghdad.  Elsewhere in Dora gunmen opened fire on a police station, killing 4 policemen. An American soldier was killed in combat in Anbar province.
    (AP, 10/18/06)(AP, 10/19/06)

2006        Oct 19, In Iraq a suicide bomber driving a fuel tanker struck a major police station in the northern city of Mosul, killing 12 people and wounding 25. Another suicide car bomb detonated in Kirkuk killed 12 people and wounded 68. Fighting broke out in Amara after the head of police intelligence in the surrounding province, a member of the rival Shiite Badr Brigade militia, was killed by a roadside bomb, prompting his family to kidnap the teenage brother of the local head of the a-Madhi Army. At least 66 Iraqis died in fighting and sectarian killings.
    (AFP, 10/19/06)(AP, 10/20/06)(WSJ, 10/20/06, p.A1)

2006        Oct 20, The Shiite militia run by anti-American cleric Muqtada al-Sadr seized total control of the southern Iraqi city of Amarah in one of the boldest acts of defiance yet by one of the country's powerful, unofficial armies. At least 15 people, including five militiamen, one policeman and two bystanders, were killed in clashes. Clashes between Shiite and Sunni tribes just south of Baghdad left 4 people dead. Five tortured bodies were found dumped along roads or in the Tigris River.
    (AP, 10/20/06)(AP, 10/21/06)
2006        Oct 20, Shiite and Sunni religious figures met in Mecca in a bid to stop sectarian bloodshed, and issued a series of edicts forbidding violence between Iraq's two Muslim sects.
    (AP, 10/20/06)
2006        Oct 20, President Bush conceded in an Associated Press interview that "right now it's tough" for American forces in Iraq, but the White House said he would not change US strategy in the face of pre-election polls indicating voters were upset.
    (AP, 10/20/07)

2006        Oct 21, In Najaf, Iraq, Interior Minister Jawad al-Bolani met with Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr in an attempt to rein marauding militias. 5 bicycle bombs and a hail of mortar shells killed 32 people with scores more wounded in a market in Mahmoudiyah. Rival Shiite militiamen battled near the ancient city of Babylon until American forces and helicopters rushed to separate the combatants. At least two people were killed in Hamza al-Gharbi and 25 in Amarah, a city of 750,000 people at the head of Iraq's famous marshlands. At least 21 more people were killed in violence around the country, including 7 who died in a suicide bombing on a Baghdad bus. A US Marine was killed in fighting in Anbar province west of Baghdad and another soldier died in fighting in Salahuddin province.
    (AP, 10/21/06)(AP, 10/22/06)(SSFC, 10/22/06, p.A14)(AP, 10/23/06)

2006        Oct 22, Iraq's former finance minister alleged in a US television report that up to $800 million meant to equip the Iraqi army had been stolen from the government by former officials through fraudulent arms deals. In Iraq militants targeted police recruits and shoppers rounding up last-minute sweets and delicacies for a feast to mark the end of the Ramadan holy month. Gunmen in five sedans ambushed a convoy of buses carrying police recruits near the city of Baqouba, killing at least 15 and wounding 25 others. At least 44 Iraqis were killed or their bodies were founded dumped along roads or in the Tigris River. The killings raised to at least 950 the number of Iraqis who have died in war-related violence this month, an average of more than 40 a day. Six US soldiers were killed, three by small arms fire west of the capital and three by roadside bombs within Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/23/06)

2006        Oct 23, Iraqi PM Nouri al-Maliki ordered security forces to crack down on unlawful acts by armed factions. A bombing in Baghdad killed 3 Iraqis. 52 bodies were found across Baghdad. Ahmed Qusai al-Taayie, a 41-year-old reserve soldier from Ann Arbor, Mich., went missing and was believed kidnapped in Baghdad. On Feb 22, 2012, the remains of Ahmed al-Taie were turned over to Iraqi authorities.
    (AP, 10/24/06)(SFC, 10/24/06, p.A5)(AP, 11/18/06)(AP, 2/27/12)

2006        Oct 24, In Iraq sectarian violence persisted in the southern city of Amarah, with at least two more policemen shot to death.
    (AP, 10/24/06)

2006        Oct 25, Iraqi and US forces raided Sadr City, the stronghold of the feared Shiite militia led by radical anti-American cleric Muqtada al-Sadr, but PM Nouri al-Maliki disavowed the operation, saying he had not been consulted and insisting "that it will not be repeated." Four people were killed and 18 wounded in overnight fighting in the overwhelmingly Shiite eastern district. 6 people killed when a roadside bomb destroyed their vehicle in Balad Ruz.
    (AP, 10/25/06)

2006        Oct 26, In Iraq fighting between Sunni insurgents and Iraqi police near Baqouba, 35 miles northeast of Baghdad, killed one civilian and 24 police. US troops later joined the fight, aiding in a counterattack in which 18 insurgents died. 4 people were killed and 5 wounded near Baqouba when gunmen fired on a van carrying Shiites returning from the funeral of a relative in Najaf. 4 US Marines and a sailor died of wounds suffered while fighting in the same Sunni insurgent stronghold. The US military said 96 US troops have died so far in October, the most in one month since October 2005, when the same number was killed.
    (AP, 10/26/06)(AP, 10/27/06)

2006        Oct 27, Iraq’s embattled PM Nouri al-Maliki and President Bush in a video conference agreed to expedite the hand-over of full control of Iraq's army to the government as they seek to quell the insurgency and sectarian bloodshed. Iraq a five-day trend toward diminished violence continued. Attacks typically rose during Ramadan, in part because some Muslims believe dying during the holiday bestows additional blessings in the afterlife. The US military announced the death of a Marine in restive Anbar province west of Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/27/06)(AP, 10/28/06)

2006        Oct 28, Iraqi soldiers, backed by American forces, raided an insurgent hide-out near Baghdad at dawn, killing 15 fighters and capturing eight. In a separate raid south of Baghdad an insurgent dressed as a woman was killed when he opened fire on American soldiers who had rounded up 10 comrades. A rocket hit an outdoor market in southern Baghdad, killing one person and wounding 35. A bomb exploded in a minibus in the capital's east, killing one and wounding nine. 9 Iraqi soldiers were kidnapped on the increasingly dangerous highway linking Baghdad with Kirkuk. In Baqouba police said they had found two bodies of apparent sectarian violence in the city's central al-Mu'allimeen district. A third body was pulled from the Diyala river. Police reported the shooting deaths of two men in a Baqouba market. A US Marine was killed in fighting in Anbar province raising the death toll among US service members this month to 100.
    (AP, 10/28/06)(AP, 10/30/06)
2006        Oct 28, President Bush spoke by video conference with Iraqi PM Nouri al-Maliki as he sought to reaffirm support for the Iraqi leader.
    (AP, 10/28/07)

2006        Oct 29, In Iraq an affidavit to the supreme judiciary charged Judge Radhi al-Radhi, head of Iraq’s Commission on Public Integrity, with corruption. Al-Radhi later said the pressure on his office might be a reaction to his attempts to ferret out corruption inside key Shiite-controlled ministries. Gunmen killed 15 policemen working as instructors at the local police academy and two translators in the southern city of Basra. The men were forced off a bus on the city's outskirts in the afternoon and their bodies were found hours later dumped in several locations.
    (AP, 10/29/06)(SSFC, 11/12/06, p.A5)

2006        Oct 30, In Iraq at least 81 people were killed or found dead, including 33 victims of a bomb attack on laborers lined up to find a days work in Baghdad's Sadr city Shiite slum. Essam al-Rawi, a leading Iraqi academic and prominent hardline Sunni political activist, was fatally shot by three gunmen as he was leaving his Baghdad home.
    (AP, 10/30/06)(SFC, 10/31/06, p.A3)
2006        Oct 30, In Amman, Jordan, a delegation of Iraq lawmakers met with a newly formed group of Iraqi political activists and agreed to hold a national reconciliation conference next month.
    (AP, 10/3o/06)

2006        Oct 31, Al-Sadr ordered Sadr City closed to the Iraqi government until US troops lifted what he called their "siege" of the neighborhood. US troops abandoned checkpoints around Sadr City on orders from Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki. Iraqi state television presenter, Sherin Hamid, and her driver were found dead in central Baghdad, a day after they were abducted by gunmen. 3 people were killed and five injured by a car bomb in Sadr City. At least three Iraqi policemen were also reported killed in Baghdad and Fallujah. The bodies of five unidentified people, including a woman, were found dumped in eastern Baghdad. 5 more bodies in similar condition were floating in the Tigris River near Suwayrah. The morgue in the town of Kut reported receiving 10 bodies, including those of five people allegedly killed by US forces in a raid on a house in the Shejeriyah area. In Baqouba unidentified gunmen killed 3 people in a downtown market and attacked a police patrol, killing one officer and injuring two others. 5 bodies were found in the Abu Seida district, 25 kilometers northeast of the city. More than 40 Shiites were abducted along a dangerous highway just north of Baghdad near the town of Tarmiyah. At least 8 other people were either found dead or slain in new attacks. A suicide bombing at a wedding party in Baghdad killed 23, including 9 children. Haidar Muhsin, an Iraqi translator with US forces, was shot dead in front of his home in Diwaniyah. US troops killed five suspected insurgents and detained one during a raid in Baghdad. The US military announced the deaths of two soldiers in fighting in the Baghdad area, one from small arms fire, the other from a roadside bomb.
    (AP, 10/31/06)(AP, 11/1/06)(AP, 11/2/06)
2006        Oct 31, In Kuwait an Iraqi government spokesman said Iraq needs around $100 billion in the next four to five years to recover and rebuild its infrastructure at the opening of an international aid meeting.
    (AP, 110/31/06)
2006        Oct 31, Bechtel Corp.’s last government contract in Iraq expired. During its 3 years of work there 52 employees were killed.
    (SFC, 11/1/06, p.A1)

2006        Nov 1, In Iraq unknown gunmen riding in a private car shot dead police officer Izzaddin Abbas in central Baghdad as he rode his motorcycle home. A clerk with the Ministry of Industry was shot and killed in northeastern Baghdad as he was driving to work. Two court officials were killed when their jeep exploded as it crossed a bridge leading over the Tigris. A car bomb and a mortar attack killed two police officers and six civilians. A police officer was among three people shot dead in the northern city of Mosul. Mosul police also discovered the charred body of an apparent murder victim. The bodies of three people who were shot after being blindfolded and bound at the wrists were found dumped in the capital's eastern districts. US military killed Rafa al-Ithawi, also known as Abu Taha, a mid-ranking member of al-Qaida in Iraq and his driver in an air strike in Ramadi. Gunmen abducted a man who coached blind athletes and the head of Iraq's national basketball federation.
    (AP, 11/1/06)(AFP, 11/1/06)(AP, 11/2/06)

2006        Nov 2, Iraqi President Jalal Talabani said on a trip to France that it would take his country two or three years to set up its own security forces and send U.S.-led troops home. Gunmen killed Jassim al-Asadi, the Shiite dean of Baghdad University's school of administration and economics, along with his wife and son. Abdul-Majid Ismail Khalil, an Iraqi journalist who was kidnapped Oct 18, was found dead. A motorcycle rigged with explosives blew up in a crowded market in Baghdad's Shiite Sadr City district, killing at least seven people and wounding 45. Attacks across the country left 45 Iraqis dead. 3 US soldiers died when the vehicle they were riding in was struck by a roadside bomb in eastern Baghdad. One Marine died from injuries "due to enemy action" in Anbar province.
    (AP, 11/2/06)(AP, 11/3/06)(WSJ, 11/3/06, p.A1)

2006        Nov 3, In Iraq spiraling violence included the discovery of 56 bodies in Baghdad bearing signs of torture. US troops acting on intelligence reports raided a building in Mahmoudiya killing 13 suspected insurgents.
    (AP, 11/3/06)

2006        Nov 4, Iraqi and US security forces killed 53 suspected insurgents in a raid near Madain, southeast of Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/5/06)

2006        Nov 5, Saddam Hussein was convicted and sentenced to hang for crimes against humanity in the 1982 killings of 148 people in the Mainly Shiite town of Dujail. Hussein, his half brother and another senior official in his regime were convicted and sentenced to death by the Iraqi High Tribunal. Iraqi security forces closed two Sunni Muslim television stations for violating curfew and a law that bans airing material that could undermine the country's stability. The bodies of 50 murder victims were discovered, the bulk of them in Baghdad. The US military announced the death of an Army soldier in fighting in western Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/5/06)(AP, 11/6/06)(Econ, 11/11/06, p.8)

2006        Nov 6, Iraq’s Shiite-dominated government offered a major concession to Sunnis that could give jobs back to members of the Baath Party. A US helicopter crashed in Salahuddin province, killing two American soldiers on board. 2 Marines and a soldier were killed in fighting in Anbar province. In northern Iraq flash floods caused by heavy rain killed 18 people and injured 20.
    (AP, 11/6/06)(SFC, 11/7/06, p.A13)

2006        Nov 7, A somber Saddam Hussein called on Iraqis to forgive each other, when he returned to court two days after being sentenced to death for crimes against humanity in another case. Iraq's Interior Ministry said that it has charged 57 members of the Iraqi police, including a general, in the alleged torture of hundreds of detainees at a prison in eastern Baghdad. Mortar attacks across the Tigris between Shiites and Sunnis killed 21 people. 15 bodies, victims of sectarian torture, were found south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/7/06)(WSJ, 11/8/06, p.A1)

2006        Nov 8, Iraq's parliament voted to extend the country's state of emergency for 30 more days. A pair of mortar rounds slammed into a soccer field while young men were playing a game in a Shiite district of Baghdad as more than 60 people were killed in attacks nationwide.
    (AP, 11/8/06)

2006        Nov 9, Nearly simultaneous car bombs struck two markets in predominantly Shiite areas of Baghdad, killing at least 16 people, as many Iraqis cheered the resignation of US Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld. Iraqi soldiers descended on a building in the city of Rawah, 175 miles northwest of Baghdad, where they arrested local al-Qaida commander Abu Muhayyam al-Masri, whose name is a pseudonym meaning, "the Egyptian." 2 aides, Abu Issam al-Libi, or "the Libyan," and Abu Zaid al-Suri, "the Syrian," were also arrested, along with 9 other members of the cell. 3 unidentified bodies were found in Muqdadiyah. 2 US soldiers and a Marine were killed, bringing the number of Americans who have died in the country so far this month to 23.
    (AP, 11/9/06)(AP, 11/10/06)

2006        Nov 10, A new recording attributed to the leader of al-Qaida in Iraq (Abu Hamza al-Muhajir) mocked President Bush as a coward whose conduct of the war had been rejected at the polls, and challenged him to keep US troops in Iraq to face more bloodshed. Al-Qaida claimed to be winning the war faster than expected, saying it had mobilized 12,000 fighters. 6 Iraqi soldiers were killed and 10 wounded when a suicide bomber drove his explosives-rigged car into an army checkpoint in the northern city of Tal Afar. Three members of a family were killed by gunmen who stormed their home near Baqouba. At least 59 Iraqi civilians were killed or found dead.
    (AP, 11/10/06)(SFC, 11/11/06, p.A12)(AP, 11/10/07)

2006        Nov 11, In Iraq a pair of car bombs tore through a downtown shopping district in the capital, killing 8 people, while a Slovak and Polish soldier were reported killed overnight by a roadside bomb south of the capital. Police special forces said they killed two suspected insurgents and arrested 10 others during an overnight search for those behind a suicide bombing a day earlier that killed six Iraqi soldiers in Tal Afar. A suicide bomber drove a car rigged with explosives into the police station in the northern town of Zaganya, killing the police chief, setting four vehicles on fire, and badly damaging the building. In Baqouba a staffer with the local agriculture directorate, Zuhair Hussein Alwan, was shot and killed. 2 bodies that had been bound and shot in the head and chest were pulled from the Tigris River in Suwayrah. At least 52 people were killed or found dead across Iraq. 3 US soldiers were killed in combat in Anbar province.
    (AP, 11/11/06)(SSFC, 11/12/06, p.A5)(AP, 11/13/06)

2006        Nov 12, Iraqi PM Nouri al-Maliki rebuked lawmakers for putting party and sectarian loyalty ahead of Iraq's stability, and said he was planning a sweeping Cabinet reshuffle on a day when at least 150 Iraqis died. A pair of suicide bombs ripped through a crowd of would-be police recruits in Baghdad, killing at least 35. 50 bodies found behind a regional electrical company in Baqouba, and 25 others found scattered throughout Baghdad. 5 people were killed in drive-by shootings in Baqouba. In Baghdad police Brig. Abdul-Mutalib Hassan was shot to death as he left home. Hassan was head of a unit in charge of registering vehicles that is widely seen as corrupt. Sunni gunmen near Latifiyah murdered 10 Shiite passengers before taking about 50 captives. 4 British soldiers were killed and three seriously wounded in an attack on a patrol boat in Basra.
    (AP, 11/12/06)(WSJ, 11/13/06, p.A1)

2006        Nov 13, Sectarian violence across Iraq left 43 people dead. A bomb tore through in a minibus in a largely Shiite Baghdad neighborhood, killing at least 20 people and wounding 18. Gunmen killed at least 10 people, including a television cameraman, a city councilman and a Sunni sheik, in executions and assassinations around Iraq. US forces raided the homes of followers of radical anti-American Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr. Police put the death toll at five, though an aide to the cleric said nine people were killed.
    (AP, 11/13/06)(SFC, 11/14/06, p.A17)
2006        Nov 13, President Bush met with the bipartisan Iraq Study Group and promised to work with the incoming Democratic majority toward "common objectives." At the same time, Bush renewed his opposition to any timetable for withdrawing US troops.
    (AP, 11/13/07)

2006        Nov 14, Gunmen dressed as police commandos kidnapped up to 150 staff and visitors in a lightning raid on a Baghdad higher education office. Some 70 people were released the following day, but the fate of dozens remains unknown. The district police chief and 5 aides were soon arrested for aiding the plot. Attacks, bombings and sectarian murders left at least 117 Iraqis dead. In the day's worst violence, 21 people were killed and 25 injured in a car bombing targeting traffic along a highway toward the Shiite slum of Sadr City. At least 31 Iraqis were killed in clashes in the western city of Ramadi, where US ground troops and warplanes have conducted a series of operations over recent days targeting Sunni insurgents. 4 US troops, a soldier and three Marines, were killed in combat in Anbar Province. 2 US soldiers died when their vehicle was struck by a roadside bomb in northwest Baghdad. A US soldier was killed by small-arms fire during an operation in Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/15/06)(WSJ, 11/15/06, p.A1)(AP, 11/16/06)(AP, 11/14/07)

2006        Nov 15, In Iraq sectarian violence left 105 Iraqis dead, including two journalists. Officials said about 70 of the people abducted in a brazen raid on the offices of the Higher Education Ministry have been released. Ministry spokesman Basil al-Khatib said 40 employees were released yesterday and another 32 were freed today. A car bomb exploded in a parking lot in central Baghdad, killing eight people and wounding 32. A US soldier died in action in Diyala province.
    (AP, 11/15/06)(WSJ, 11/16/06, p.A1)

2006        Nov 16, The Iraqi Interior Ministry issued an arrest warrant for Harith al-Dhari, the head of the influential Sunni Association of Muslim Scholars. A government official said kidnappers who snatched scores of Iraqis from a government ministry building in Baghdad tortured and killed some of them. Gunmen opened fire on a bakery in Baghdad, killing seven people and wounding two. In southern Iraq 4 American security contractors and their Austrian co-worker were held hostage after their convoy was hijacked. 9 civilians who were traveling with the convoy when it was hijacked, including men from India, Pakistan and the Philippines, were soon released. In 2008 Steve Fainaru authored “Big Boy Rules: America’s Mercenaries Fighting in Iraq,” which described the kidnapping of the Crescent Security Group staffers.
    (AP, 11/16/06)(AP, 11/17/06)(SFC, 11/28/08, p.E2)
2006        Nov 16, Turkey's PM Erdogan offered training for the Iraqi police and army, and he urged power-sharing among ethnic groups in the Iraqi oil center of Kirkuk.
    (AP, 11/16/06)

2006        Nov 17, The influential Association of Muslim Scholars called on Sunni politicians to quit Iraq's government and parliament, a day after the Shiite interior minister issued an arrest warrant for the association's leader. In southern Iraq British ground forces and US military helicopters fought with gunmen where four American security contractors and their Austrian co-worker were abducted in a convoy hijacking. An Austrian was killed and an American was seriously wounded after their convoy of security contractors was hijacked in southern Iraq.
    (AP, 11/17/06)

2006        Nov 18, Iraqi forces searching for four American security contractors and an Austrian, who were kidnapped in southern Iraq, detained about 200 suspected insurgents. Islamic Companies, a previously unknown group, claimed responsibility for the kidnapping, according to an Iranian-run Arabic-language satellite news station. US military killed 11 insurgents and detained 24 suspected ones in raids in and around the Iraqi cities of Tikrit, Baqouba, Hit, Youssifiyah and Baghdad. Ten people were killed, including three policemen shot by insurgents in Diyala province. Police found 23 corpses in Iraq, including 20 in Baghdad. Britain's Treasury chief Gordon Brown, who is expected to replace PM Tony Blair as Britain's leader next year, made an unannounced visit to Iraq to meet with Iraqi officials and British soldiers.
    (AP, 11/18/06)(AP, 11/19/06)

2006        Nov 19, In Iraq a suicide bomber in a minivan lured day laborers to his vehicle with promises of a job then blew it up, killing 22 people and wounding 44 in the mainly Shiite southern city of Hillah. Attacks by suspected insurgents in other areas of Iraq killed 30 people and wounded 58.
    (AP, 11/19/06)
2006        Nov 19, Henry Kissinger, former US Secretary of State, said in a television interview that military victory is no longer possible in Iraq.
    (AP, 11/19/06)

2006        Nov 20, Assassins killed Walid Hassan (47), a popular Baghdad television comedian and a professor at a university south of the capital, but failed in attempts to kill two government officials as the country's leader met with Syria's foreign minister about improving security and reopening diplomatic relations. At least 25 Iraqis were killed in a series of attacks in Baghdad, Ramadi and Baquba. The bodies of 75 Iraqis, who had been kidnapped and tortured, were found in Baghdad, Dujail and in the Tigris River in southern Iraq.  It was reported that at least 21 Iraqi interpreters had been kidnapped and shot in the head in Basra over the last month.
    (AP, 11/20/06)(SFC, 11/20/06, p.A9)(AP, 11/21/06)(SFC, 11/21/06, p.A13)
2006        Nov 20, Iran invited Iraq and Syria to talks in Tehran aimed at curbing violence in Iraq.
    (SFC, 11/21/06, p.A1)

2006        Nov 21, Iraq restored diplomatic relations with Syria as part of a wider regional effort to clamp off violence in Iraq. Iraqi and US forces raided Baghdad's Sadr City and detained seven militia members, including one believed to have information about an American soldier kidnapped last month. A young boy and two other people were killed in the early morning raid. A US soldier died of a non-hostile injuries north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/21/06)(AP, 11/22/06)

2006        Nov 22, The UN said that 3,709 Iraqi civilians were killed in October, the highest monthly toll since the March 2003 US invasion. Gunmen in Baghdad shot dead a bodyguard of the parliament speaker and wounded another. Raad Jaafar Hamadi, an Iraqi journalist working for the state-run al-Sabah newspaper in Baghdad, was killed in a drive-by shooting. At least 13 Iraqis were killed and six wounded in attacks by suspected insurgents using drive-by shootings and bombings in Baghdad and other areas of Iraq.
    (AP, 11/22/06)

2006        Nov 23, In the deadliest attack since the beginning of the Iraq war, suspected Sunni-Arab militants used suicide car bombs and mortar rounds on the capital's Shiite Sadr City slum killing 215 people with 256 wounded.
    (AFP, 11/24/06)(AP, 11/23/07)

2006        Nov 24, Shiite militiamen grabbed six Sunnis during worship services, doused them with kerosene and burned them alive. Iraqi soldiers at a nearby army post failed to intervene in the assault by suspected members of the Shiite Mahdi Army militia or subsequent attacks that killed a total of 25 Sunnis, including women and children. Another 87 people were killed or found dead in sectarian violence across Iraq. A US Marine died from wounds sustained while fighting in Anbar province.
    (AP, 11/24/06)(AP, 11/25/06)

2006        Nov 25, Gunmen broke into two Shiite homes and killed 21 men in front of their relatives in Baladruz. Coalition forces north of Baghdad attacked 3 vehicles carrying 12 insurgents. Soldiers opened fire on the cars when they ignored warning shots, and all the militants were killed. 13 bodies were found dumped in various parts of Baghdad. Iraqi police killed at least 36 insurgents and wounded dozens after scores of militants armed with assault rifles and rocket-propelled grenades attacked government buildings in the center of Baqouba. At least 11 more suspected militants were killed in Baqouba after nightfall. One US soldier was killed in Diyala by a roadside bomb. 2 US Marines were killed in Anbar province.
    (AP, 11/25/06)(AP, 11/26/06)(SSFC, 11/26/06, p.A13)

2006        Nov 26, Iraq's leaders promised to track down those responsible for the war's deadliest attack by insurgents, and urged the country's Shiite, Sunni and Kurdish politicians to stop fanning sectarian violence by arguing with one another. A suicide car bomber slammed into an Iraqi police checkpoint on a highway near a Sunni mosque in Mahmoudiya city, killing five policemen and wounding 23. In Baquoba at least 17 insurgents were killed and 15 detained. 20 civilians were kidnapped and three bodies found in Diyala province. US soldiers shot and killed 11 civilians and wounded five in Husseiniya. 3 US soldiers were killed and two wounded during combat operations in Baghdad. The New York Times reported that the Iraq insurgency has become financially self-sustaining, raising tens of millions of dollars a year from oil smuggling, kidnapping, counterfeiting, corrupt charities and other crimes.
    (AP, 11/26/06)(Reuters, 11/26/06)(AP, 11/27/06)
2006        Nov 26, Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad said he would help the US calm Iraq if Washington changes what he described as its "bullying" policy toward Iran.
    (AP, 11/26/06)

2006        Nov 27, Iraqi President Jalal Talabani arrived in Tehran to meet with his Iranian counterpart amid increasing calls for Washington to enlist Iran's help in calming the escalating violence in neighboring Iraq. In Baghdad gunmen opened fire on a crowded street, killing six Iraqis and wounding three, some of whom were sitting in a parked car. Police in western Baghdad found the bodies of two Iraqis who had been kidnapped, blindfolded and shot. A bomb exploded under an oil pipeline and set it on fire south of Baghdad. A US Air Force F-16 jet crashed northwest of Baghdad and Maj. Troy Gilbert was killed.
    (AP, 11/27/06)(SFC, 11/30/06, p.A12)
2006        Nov 27, Italian Premier Romano Prodi said the last of Italy's soldiers in Iraq, some 60-70 troops, will return home this week, ending the Italian contingent's presence in the south of the country after more than three years.
    (AP, 11/27/06)

2006        Nov 28, The Iraqi Parliament voted unanimously to extend Iraq's state of emergency for 30 more days, and suspected Sunni insurgents set off bombs that killed eight people and wounded 40 across the country. The UN Security Council voted unanimously to extend for one year the mandate of the 160,000-strong multinational force in Iraq. US soldiers fought with suspected insurgents in Ramadi, the capital of Anbar province, killing six Iraqis: one man and five females, including an infant. A roadside bomb killed one US Army soldier and wounded another in Salahuddin province.
    (AP, 11/28/06)(AP, 11/29/06)
2006        Nov 28, The South Korean government approved a plan to halve the size of its troop deployment in Iraq but to extend the mission for another year.
    (AFP, 11/28/06)

2006        Nov 29, Iraqi lawmakers and Cabinet ministers loyal to anti-American cleric Muqtada al-Sadr said they have carried out their threat to suspend participation in Parliament and the government to protest PM Nouri al-Maliki's summit with US Pres. George W. Bush in Jordan. The first of two high-profile meetings in Jordan between Bush and PM al-Maliki was abruptly canceled amid conflicting explanations. Bush met al-Maliki the next day. 13 insurgents and 15 citizens were killed in Iraq, including two females who were caught up in a coalition raid north of the capital. Iraqi forces found 28 bodies in what may be a mass grave south of the city of Baqouba. In Basra gunmen killed Nasir Gatami, the deputy of the local Sunni Endowment chapter, and three of his bodyguards in an attack on their two-car convoy. A US army soldier died from wounds suffered in Anbar province. A US soldier was killed during combat in Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/29/06)(AP, 11/30/06)(AP, 11/29/07)

2006        Nov 30, President Bush in Jordan said the US will speed a turnover of security responsibility to Iraqi forces but assured PM Nouri al-Maliki that Washington is not looking for a "graceful exit" from a war well into its fourth violent year. Today's meetings were supposed to be Bush's second set of strategy sessions in Amman. But the first meeting between Bush and al-Maliki, a day earlier along with Jordan's king, was scrubbed. PM Nouri al-Maliki called on lawmakers and Cabinet ministers loyal to an anti-American cleric to end their boycott of the government in response to his summit with President Bush. 47 people were killed across Iraq including 37 bodies found dumped in various regions. An American soldier was killed during combat in Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/30/06)(AP, 12/1/06)(SFC, 12/1/06, p.A15)

2006        Dec 1, An Interior Ministry official said that 1,846 civilians were killed in Iraq in November, a 43 percent increase from the estimated toll in October. Iraqi forces backed by US helicopters swept through one of the oldest area of Baghdad in house-to-house fighting that killed at least three Iraqis and wounded 11. Scattered sectarian violence elsewhere killed 12 other people. A US Army soldier also was killed in fighting in the volatile Anbar province.
    (AP, 12/1/06)(AP, 12/2/06)

2006        Dec 2, In Baghdad the death toll from a triple car bombing at a food market in a predominantly Shiite area rose to 53 civilians dead and 121 wounded. Gunmen attacked the main gate of Yarmouk Hospital, killing one policeman and wounding three, and the bodies of 12 people who had been handcuffed and shot to death were found by police. US and Iraqi forces began an offensive operation in Baqouba. One al-Qaida in Iraq insurgent was killed and 43 detained, including two foreigners. Drive-by shootings in two towns near Baqouba killed 2 civilians and wounded 5. A truck driving at high speed slammed into a bus stop in al-Wahada, 22 miles south of Baghdad, killing about 20 people waiting for buses to the capital and wounding 15. US forces killed an insurgent who was caught planting a roadside bomb on a major highway about 40 miles south of Baghdad. A roadside bomb also hit a police patrol in Youssifiyah killing one policeman and wounding six. In the town of Karmah coalition ground and air forces killed six insurgents while destroying two buildings that militants were using. Gunmen in two cars intercepted a vehicle carrying Haithem Yassin, a Shiite adviser to Iraq's minister of electricity, in northeast Baghdad, kidnapping him, his driver and two bodyguards. 3 American soldiers were killed by roadside bombs.
    (AP, 12/2/06)(AP, 12/3/06)

2006        Dec 3, Seven Iraqis were killed and 12 wounded including 3 policemen killed by a suicide bomber at a checkpoint near the northern city of Kirkuk. The bullet-ridden body of the Sunni Arab chairman of one of Iraq's leading soccer clubs was found, several days after he was kidnapped in the capital. A US soldier was killed during combat in Baghdad.
    (AP, 12/3/06)(AP, 12/6/06)

2006        Dec 4, Drive-by shootings and a suicide car bomber killed at least seven Iraqis and wounded five. American forces killed two militants and destroyed a vehicle packed with explosives. A US helicopter went down in Lake Qadisiyah west of the Iraqi capital, killing one Marine and leaving three missing in Anbar province. An insurgent attack on an American military patrol in Baghdad killed Pfc. Ross McGinnis and wounded five. Another US serviceman died in southern Iraq in an accident involving his vehicle. In 2008 Pres. Bush awarded the Medal of Honor to McGinnis, who had placed his body between a grenade and 4 comrades.
    (AP, 12/4/06)(AP, 12/5/06)(WSJ, 6/3/08, p.A4)(www.iraqwarheroes.org/mcginnisra.htm)

2006        Dec 5, Iraq’s PM Nouri al-Maliki said his government will send envoys to neighboring countries to pave the way for a regional conference on ending the rampant violence. Maj. Gen. William Caldwell, the top American military spokesman in Iraq, said the US military expects all of Iraq to be under the control of Iraqi forces by mid-2007. Suspected insurgents set off a car bomb to stop a minibus carrying Shiite government employees in Baghdad, then shot and killed 15 of them. In another attack in the capital, two car bombs exploded in a commercial district, killing 15 other Iraqis.
    (AP, 12/5/06)

2006        Dec 6, In Iraq a mortar attack killed at least eight people and wounded dozens in a secondhand goods market in a shelling in the Sadr City Shiite district of Baghdad. Soon after a suicide bomber on a bus in Sadr City detonated explosives hidden in his clothing, killing two people and wounding 15. A bomb also exploded near a shop in Iskandariyah, 30 miles south of Baghdad, killing four people and wounding 12. Drive-by shootings and mortar attacks north and south of the capital killed four Iraqis and wounded five. US ground and air forces conducted a raid targeting foreign insurgents near the Iranian border, killing a militant who opened fire on an aircraft. At least 75 people were killed or found dead across Iraq, including 48 whose bullet-riddled bodies were found in different parts of Baghdad. 11 US troops were killed in 5 separate incidents in Iraq. An Iraqi court sentenced a Libyan member of al-Qaida in Iraq to death after he admitted taking part in eight attacks on US-led coalition forces and Iraqi targets.
    (AP, 12/6/06)(AP, 12/7/06)(AP, 12/16/06)
2006        Dec 6, The top-level bipartisan Baker-Hamilton panel, the Iraq Study Group (ISG), called for a complete overhaul of US policy in Iraq. This included talks with Iran and Syria, a withdrawal of most combat troops by 2008, and threats to press Iraqi leaders to quell violence.
    (AFP, 12/6/06)(WSJ, 12/7/06, p.A1)(Econ, 12/9/06, p.31)
2006        Dec 6, Britain’s PM Tony Blair has conceded that US-led forces are not winning the war in Iraq, as he headed for Washington to discuss strategic options in the war-scarred country.
    (AP, 12/6/06)

2006        Dec 7, A series of bombings and shootings killed at least 23 people in Iraq, including a 7-year-old girl and two college professors. Iraqi police found 35 bullet-riddled bodies that had been bound and blindfolded and left in different parts of the capital. A roadside bomb killed an American soldier during a joint patrol with the Iraqi army.
    (AP, 12/7/06)(AP, 12/8/06)
2006        Dec 7, Pres. Bush and Britain’s PM Tony Blair vowed to fight to victory in Iraq and both were skeptical that talks with Iran and Syria would be useful. President Bush gave a chilly response to the Iraq Study Group's proposals for reshaping his policy, objecting to talks with Iran and Syria, refusing to endorse a major troop withdrawal and vowing no retreat from embattled US goals in the Mideast.
    (WSJ, 12/8/06, p.A1)(AP, 12/7/07)

2006        Dec 8, US-led coalition forces killed 20 insurgents, including two women, in fighting and airstrikes that targeted al-Qaida in Iraq militants northwest of Baghdad. The final death toll in the US attack on the Sunni village of al-Ishaqi in Salahuddin province stood at 8 children, 7 women and 4 men. Key Iraqi officials and others familiar with the flow of cash were reported to have said that private Saudi citizens are giving millions of dollars to Sunni insurgents in Iraq and much of the money was used to buy weapons, including shoulder fired anti-aircraft missiles. At least 47 Iraqis were killed or found dead, including 25 who were struck in a mortar attack that night on a poor Shiite neighborhood on the outskirts of Baghdad.
    (AP, 12/8/06)(AP, 12/9/06)

2006        Dec 9, Iraq's influential Association of Muslim Scholars and the country's largest Sunni Arab political party condemned a deadly US military attack they say killed civilians in the predominantly Sunni village of al-Ishaqi in Salahuddin province. A suicide car bomb struck near a Shiite shrine, killing at least five people. A suicide car bomb exploded outside of the Al-Abbas shrine in Karbala killing five Iraqis with 44 wounded. Outgoing Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld paid a surprise visit to Iraq and said American forces should not quit the war until the enemy is defeated. Gunmen attacked two Shiite homes in western Baghdad, killing 10 people. A nephew of Saddam Hussein serving a life sentence for making bombs for Iraq's insurgency escaped from prison in northern Iraq.
    (AP, 12/9/06)(AP, 12/10/06)

2006        Dec 10, Iraqi President Jalal Talabani said the Iraq Study Group report offered dangerous recommendations that would undermine his country's sovereignty and were "an insult to the people of Iraq." Gunmen killed nine members of two Shi'ite families in Baghdad. Omar Abdul-Sattar, a member of the Sunni Arab Iraqi Islamic Party, said that an organized effort was under way in the Hurriyah neighborhood of Baghdad to force Sunnis out. Anti-American cleric Muqtada al-Sadr sharply criticized PM Nouri al-Maliki's government and once again demanded that all foreign troops leave the country.
    (AP, 12/10/06)(Reuters, 12/10/06)

2006        Dec 11, Iraqi soldiers rushed to Ghazaliyah, a primarily Sunni area of west Baghdad, to free 23 Iraqis right after they were taken hostage at a checkpoint set up by suspected Shiite militiamen. One terrorist was killed and 4 others arrested. Three explosions struck Baghdad within a span of two hours, after a roadside bomb in the capital killed 3 US soldiers and wounded two on a late-night patrol. A parked car bomb detonated near al-Maamoun college in western Baghdad, killing one student and wounding two others and two policemen. A suicide car bomb hit an abandoned house being used by policemen as an outpost in Dora killing one policeman and wounding five. In Baghdad 3 mortar rounds killed four people and wounded 15, and gunmen stole $1 million from a bank truck and kidnapped its four guards. 3 policemen and four civilians were gunned down in a village near Kirkuk. A huge fire broke out at an oil storage facility after explosions in a volatile area south of Baghdad. At least 66 people were killed or found dead across Iraq. They included 46 men who were bound, blindfolded and shot to death in Baghdad.
    (AP, 12/11/06)(AP, 12/12/06)
2006        Dec 11, More than 30 prominent Islamic clerics from Saudi Arabia called on Sunni Muslims around the Middle East to support their brethren in Iraq against Shiites and praised the insurgency.
    (AP, 12/12/06)
2006        Dec 11, US Military experts gave Pres. Bush a dire assessment of the war in Iraq, but shared a skeptical view of the recent Iraq Study Group report.
    (SFC, 12/12/06, p.A1)

2006        Dec 12, In Iraq 2 car bombs targeting day laborers looking for work exploded within seconds of each other on a main square in central Baghdad, killing at least 63 people and wounding scores. A television cameraman working for The Associated Press was shot to death by insurgents while covering clashes in Mosul.
    (AP, 12/12/06)

2006        Dec 13, A car bomb exploded near a crowded bus stop in eastern Baghdad during morning rush hour, killing 11 people and wounding 27. In northern Iraq 2 suicide car bombers attacked an Iraqi army base, killing four soldiers and wounding 10. A car bomb killed two policemen who were trying to defuse it in Sadr City.
    (AP, 12/13/06)(AP, 12/14/06)
2006        Dec 13, Jordanian and Iraqi interior ministers and their security officials met to coordinate plans and share intelligence on terrorist groups such as al-Qaida, which has staged devastating attacks in both states.
    (AP, 12/13/06)
2006        Dec 13, Syria said it has admitted more than 800,000 Iraqis who have fled the violence in their country.
    (AP, 12/13/06)

2006        Dec 14, Gunmen in military uniforms kidnapped 50-70 people from a major commercial area in central Baghdad, the second mass abduction in the capital in a month. Gunmen stormed a boys' school in the southwestern Alam neighborhood, killing a Shiite guard. 2 US Marines were reported killed in fighting in Anbar province. US-led forces captured a senior al-Qaida leader who was responsible for hundreds of civilian deaths and housed foreign fighters who carried out suicide bombings.
    (AP, 12/14/06)(AP, 12/15/06)(AP, 12/20/06)

2006        Dec 15, In Iraq gunmen killed a Shiite tribal sheik linked to British forces in a drive-by shooting in the southern city of Basra. Gunmen in Kut opened fire on a civilian near a bus station, killing him.
    (AP, 12/15/06)

2006        Dec 16, Iraq's army has "opened its doors" to all former members of Saddam Hussein's army, the prime minister said at a national reconciliation conference boycotted by one of his main Shiite allies, a major Sunni group and Iraq's exiled opposition. Iraqi and US forces detained six suspects in a raid and an airstrike on the Shiite slum of Sadr City that left one fighter dead and another wounded. A roadside bomb killed three American soldiers and injured a fourth serviceman north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 12/16/06)(AP, 12/17/06)

2006        Dec 17, Britain’s PM Blair and his Iraqi counterpart, Nouri al-Maliki, discussed preparations by British military units in Basra, the main city in southern Iraq, to turn over security to Iraqi forces. Gunmen in Iraqi army uniforms burst into Red Crescent offices and kidnapped more than two dozen people at the humanitarian organization in the latest sign of the country's growing lawlessness. Others killed in violence included two policeman, an Iraqi soldier and a municipal official in Baghdad; and a police officer in Kut. Former Electricity Minister Ayham al-Samaraie, a dual US-Iraqi citizen and the country's only postwar Cabinet minister to be convicted of corruption, escaped police custody in Baghdad for a second time.
    (AP, 12/17/06)(AP, 12/18/06)

2006        Dec 18, Syria’s official SUNA news agency said Syria and Iraq had signed on to a plan to cooperate in combating terrorism and crime.
    (AP, 12/18/06)

2006        Dec 19, Iraqi authorities executed 13 men by hanging after they were convicted of murder and kidnapping, lining them up in hoods and green jumpsuits with their hands bound behind their backs. Gunmen in military uniforms robbed government accountants as they left a Baghdad bank with bags of cash in the second such theft in a week. Roadside bombs killed at least two civilians in the capital. Gunmen in Baghdad killed Mitashar al-Sudani (60), a veteran Iraqi actor and comedian. He was known for his stage portrayal of the lighter side of life in Baghdad during Ottoman rule in the early 1900s.
    (AP, 12/19/06)(AP, 12/20/06)

2006        Dec 20, Iraqi forces assumed security responsibilities in relatively peaceful Najaf province, marking the first such handover by US troops as Washington struggles to get Iraq's fragile government to stand on its own. Robert Gates, the new US Defense Secretary, began a surprise visit to Baghdad. 2 suicide car bombers killed at least 12 people in separate attacks in Baghdad. A bomb killed an American soldier and wounded three others south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 12/20/06)(AP, 12/21/06)

2006        Dec 21, Delegates representing Shiite groups forming the largest bloc in Iraq's parliament gathered in Najaf at the home of the country's top Shiite cleric to seek his blessing for a new coalition that would promote national reconciliation. Radical cleric Muqtada al-Sadr agreed to allow his supporters to go back to their positions in the Iraqi government after a three-week boycott to protest the Iraqi prime minister's meeting with US President George W. Bush. A suicide bomber killed 15 people and wounded 15 others in a crowd of police volunteers in eastern Baghdad. 4 American troops died from combat wounds in Anbar province.
    (AP, 12/21/06)(AP, 12/22/06)
2006        Dec 21, The US Marine Corp. charged 4 Marines at Camp Pendleton with multiple counts of murder for the Nov 19, 2005, slayings of 2 dozen civilians in Haditha, Iraq. 4 officers were also charged with crimes related to their alleged failure to investigate and report the slayings.
    (SFC, 12/22/06, p.A1)(AP, 12/21/07)

2006        Dec 22, Iraqi citizens filed a $200 million lawsuit against a prominent European bank and an Australian wheat exporter, saying they were cheated out of humanitarian goods when the companies permitted the UN oil-for-food program to be corrupted.
    (AP, 12/22/06)
2006        Dec 22, A parked car bomb killed two people and wounded four in Samarra. US-led forces launched multiple raids across Iraq, killing one terrorist and capturing 25 terror suspects. A US soldier died when his patrol came under fire.
    (AP, 12/22/06)

2006        Dec 23, Shiite lawmakers said Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani, Iraq's most revered Shiite cleric, withheld support for a US-backed plan to build a coalition across sectarian lines. US-led forces killed one person and detained nine other suspects in a raid on a militant hideout in Ramadi. 1st Lt. Hussein Jabir, An Iraqi military intelligence officer, was slain in a drive-by shooting in Diwaniyah. A roadside bomb killed 3 American soldiers in Baghdad and a suicide bomber killed at least 7 Iraqi policemen north of the capital.
    (AP, 12/23/06)(AP, 12/24/06)

2006        Dec 24, In Iraq an American soldier and a Marine had died from combat wounds suffered in Anbar province.
    (AP, 12/25/06)

2006        Dec 25, In southern Iraq British troops killed 7 gunmen in a raid on a renegade police unit, and a car bomb that exploded next to an open-air market in Baghdad killed 9 civilians and wounded 11. In another part of eastern Baghdad, a suicide bomber exploded in a minibus, killing three people and injuring 19. A suicide bomber killed 3 policemen at checkpoint at a university entrance in Ramadi. Police in Baghdad found 40 bodies, apparent victims of sectarian violence. 3 US soldiers were killed.
    (AP, 12/25/06)(AP, 12/26/06)(WSJ, 12/26/06, p.A1)

2006        Dec 26, An Iraqi appeals court has upheld the death sentence imposed on Saddam Hussein at his first trial, and a tribunal official said the verdict will be carried out within 30 days even if the presidency doesn't ratify it. Over 100 Iraqis died in attacks and bombings, including a coordinated strike that killed 25 in western Baghdad. 3 US service members were killed in roadside bombings northwest of Baghdad. Another US soldier was killed south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 12/27/06)(SFC, 12/27/06, p.A3)(WSJ, 12/27/06, p.A1)
2006        Dec 26, Ayham al-Samaraie, a former minister of electricity with dual US and Iraqi citizenship, arrived in Jordan on a US plane. Al-Samaraie, who escaped from a Baghdad prison this month, was serving time for corruption when he escaped mid-December.
    (AP, 12/26/06)

2006        Dec 27, Saddam Hussein's Baath Party threatened to retaliate if the ousted Iraqi leader is executed, warning in an Internet posting it would target US interests anywhere. Saddam Hussein urged Iraqis to embrace "brotherly coexistence" and not to hate U.S.-led foreign troops in a goodbye letter posted on a Web site a day after Iraq's highest court upheld his death sentence. A car bomb explosion killing 8 civilians and wounding 10 near an Iraqi army checkpoint in Baghdad. Police found the bodies of 51 people apparent victims of sectarian killings. US and Iraqi troops in Najaf killed Sahib al-Amiri, a top deputy of Muqtada al-Sadr. 2 Latvian soldiers were killed and 3 were wounded when a roadside bomb exploded under their Humvee in Diwaniyah. 3 US soldiers were killed by roadside bombs in and around Baghdad.
    (AP, 12/27/06)(AP, 12/28/06)(SFC, 12/28/06, p.A12)(WSJ, 12/28/06, p.A1)(AP, 12/27/07)

2006        Dec 28, President Bush worked nearly three hours at his Texas ranch to design a new US policy in Iraq as Saddam Hussein's lawyer made a last-ditch effort to impede his client's execution.
    (AP, 12/28/07)

2006        Dec 29, US troops killed six people and destroyed a weapons cache in separate raids in Baghdad and northwest of Baghdad. Suicide bomber Murtada Latif Kadhem (9) bombed a Shiite mosque in Khales, north of Baghdad. The attack killed at least nine people, including the imam of the mosque, and wounded at least eight. The boy’s mother, Suad al-Obaidi, and boyfriend, Hamid Alwan, were arrested in 2011.
    (AP, 12/29/06)(AFP, 11/4/11)

2006        Dec 30, Saddam Hussein (b.1937) was executed at a former military intelligence headquarters in Baghdad's Shiite neighborhood of Kazimiyah. Within hours of his death, bombings killed at least 80 people, including one planted on a minibus that exploded in a fish market in a mostly Shiite town south of Baghdad. 12 bodies were found dumped in Baghdad.
    (AP, 12/30/06)(SFC, 12/30/06, p.A8)(AP, 12/31/06)

2006        Dec 31, Saddam Hussein was buried in the Ouja, the village of his birth, 24 hours after his execution. The death toll for Americans killed in the Iraq war reached 3,000 as President Bush struggled to salvage a military campaign that has scant public support.
    (AP, 12/31/06)(AP, 1/1/07)

2006        Dec, US military commanders showed US lawmakers mortar rounds and other munitions and fragments that had Iranian serial numbers and markings. The news was made public Feb 9, 2007.
    (AP, 2/10/07)

2006        Rajiv Chandrasekaran authored “Imperial Life in the Emerald City,” a look at the civilian administration of Baghdad since the fall of Saddam Hussein.
    (WSJ, 11/11/06, p.P11)
2006        Ahmed S. Hashim, a professor at the naval War College at Newport, RI., authored “Insurgency and Counter-Insurgency in Iraq.”
    (Econ, 2/4/06, p.74)
2006        Christian Miller authored “Blood Money: Wasted Billions, Lost Lives, and Corporate Greed in Iraq.”
    (SFC, 9/1/06, p.E2)
2006        Vali Nasr authored “The Shia Revival: How Conflicts within Islam will Shape the Future.”
    (Econ, 9/9/06, p.80)
2006        Thomas E. Ricks authored “Fiasco: The American Military Adventure in Iraq.”
    (WSJ, 8/16/06, p.D12)(Econ, 8/19/06, p.71)
2006        James Longley produced his 92-minute documentary film “Iraq in Fragments.”
    (Econ, 7/15/06, p.82)
2006        The Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS) was formed as a broad jihadist group that included al-Qaida in Iraq.
    (Econ, 10/12/13, p.61)

2007        Jan 1, Iraqi authorities reported that 16,273 Iraqis, including 14,298 civilians, 1,348 police and 627 soldiers died violent deaths in 2006. Iraqi police reported finding the 40 handcuffed, blindfolded and bullet-riddled bodies in Baghdad. The US military killed six Iraqis during a raid on the offices of a prominent Sunni political figure, where American forces believed al-Qaida fighters had taken refuge. A US soldier was killed by a roadside bomb southwest of Baghdad. The blast wounded three others, including an interpreter, as they talked with local residents about sectarian violence.
    (AP, 1/2/07)

2007        Jan 2, Gunmen attacked the car of a provincial councilman northeast of Baghdad, killing the official and three relatives. A roadside bomb killed three Iraqi civilians and wounded seven others in eastern Baghdad. US troops killed a suspected al-Qaida weapons dealer and two other people in Baghdad raids. Police found 15 bodies dumped in northern Baghdad.
    (AP, 1/2/07)

2007        Jan 3, Iraq arrested 3 men who were present at Saddam Hussein's execution, including the person believed to have recorded the event on a cell phone camera. US troops detained 23 people suspected of ties to senior al-Qaida leaders in raids in western Iraq. Police in Baghdad found 27 bodies, most of them with gunshot wounds to the head. Four Americans and an Austrian abducted in southern Iraq spoke briefly and appeared uninjured in a video.
    (AP, 1/3/07)(SFC, 1/4/07, p.A3)(WSJ, 1/4/07, p.A1)(AP, 1/3/08)

2007        Jan 4, Two car bombs exploded near a fuel station, killing 13 people and wounding 25 amid a relative downturn in violence in Baghdad during an Islamic holiday that ended this week.
    (AP, 1/4/07)

2007        Jan 5, A prominent Sunni Arab group charged that some officials in the Iraqi government have links with Shiite militias involved in sectarian violence and said authorities should be held responsible for any attacks by the armed groups. Mortar rounds killed four civilians on Baghdad's outskirts, and gunmen attacked an Iraqi army checkpoint north of the capital, killing four soldiers. Police in the southern city of Basra reported that an American contractor and two Iraqis were abducted. The 2 Iraqis were later found dead. The body of Ahmed Hadi Naji (28), an Associated Press employee, was found in Baghdad shot in the back of the head, 6 days after he was last seen by his family leaving for work. A US soldier died from combat wounds sustained in Iraq's Anbar province.
    (AP, 1/5/07)(AP, 1/6/07)(SFC, 1/6/07, p.A5)(AP, 1/7/07)
2007        Jan 5, The White House announced a planned shuffling of military leaders in the Iraq war. Adm. William Fallon ended up replacing Gen. John Abizaid as top US commander in the Middle East; Army Lt. Gen. David Petraeus succeeded Gen. George Casey as top American general in Iraq; Casey replaced retiring Gen. Peter Schoomaker as Army chief of staff.
    (AP, 1/5/08)

2007        Jan 6, In Baghdad two car bombs killed four civilians. Across the country at least 8 more people were reported killed or found dead as a result of sectarian violence. 27 bodies were discovered in a heavily Sunni district just north of the Green Zone. Most of the victims showed signs of torture.
    (AP, 1/6/07)
2007        Jan 6, The Iraqi army reported killing 30 militants in a Sunni insurgent stronghold in the center of Baghdad. In Baghdad two car bombs killed four civilians. Across the country at least 8 more people were reported killed or found dead as a result of sectarian violence. 27 bodies were discovered in a heavily Sunni district just north of the Green Zone. Most of the victims showed signs of torture. A US soldier died after coming under fire in Baghdad.
    (AP, 1/6/07)(AP, 1/7/07)

2007        Jan 7, Three US airmen died in a car bombing in Baghdad, among at least 17 people killed in violence across Iraq as Iraqi troops launched a fresh battle to oust militias and pacify the capital. Two American soldiers were killed north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 1/7/07)(AP, 1/8/07)

2007        Jan 8, In Iraq 9 workers, primarily Shiite, were killed in an ambush near Baghdad's airport. 6 bodies found in a largely Sunni neighborhood in southern Baghdad.
    (AP, 1/8/07)

2007        Jan 9, Iraqi and US soldiers, backed by American warplanes, battled suspected insurgents for hours in central Baghdad, and 50 militant fighters were killed. A cargo plane carrying Turkish construction workers crashed during landing at an airport near Baghdad, killing 32 people and injuring two. 4 members of a family died when their house in Baghdad's Sadr City section was destroyed. Police initially said the attack was from two mortar shells, but later a police official and witnesses said the home was fired on by US aircraft. 3 US soldiers were killed in Anbar province.
    (AP, 1/9/07)(AP, 1/10/07)(SFC, 1/11/07, p.A15)

2007        Jan 10, Bombings and shootings across Iraq killed at least 99 people, including a US soldier who died from a gunshot wound in Diyala province. A suicide bomber killed four civilians in a crowd outside a police station in the northern city of Tal Afar.
    (AP, 1/10/07)(SFC, 1/11/07, p.A15)
2007        Jan 10, Pres. Bush said that an additional 21,500 US troops will head to Iraq soon to try improve the security situation mainly in Baghdad and the western province of Anbar. Bush’s plan became known as “the surge.”
    (AP, 1/15/07)(Econ, 1/13/07, p.11)

2007        Jan 11, In Iraq US-led multinational forces detained six Iranians at Tehran's diplomatic mission in the northern city of Irbil. A suicide truck bomber hit the house of the head of the municipal council in Samarra, killing three people and wounding 33. Gunmen killed a professor driving home from the University of Mosul. Suspected Sunni insurgents set fire to a large oil pipeline in northern Iraq, interrupting the flow from the Kirkuk oil fields.
    (AP, 1/11/07)

2007        Jan 12, In Iraq at least 19 people were reported killed or dead including 10 bullet-riddled bodies found in Baghdad and Khudr Younis al-Obaidi, an Iraqi journalist killed in a drive-by shooting in Mosul.
    (SFC, 1/13/07, p.A9)

2007        Jan 13, In Iraq at least 11 people were killed or found dead, including a Sunni cleric who was shot to death near his home in Samarra, 60 miles north of Baghdad and five who were slain in separate attacks in northern Iraq.
    (AP, 1/13/07)

2007        Jan 14, The US military said 5 Iranians arrested in northern Iraq last week were connected to an Iranian Revolutionary Guard faction that funds and arms insurgents in Iraq. At least 78 people were reported killed or found dead, including 41 bullet-riddled bodies discovered in Baghdad. The US military also said two American soldiers died from roadside bombs in Baghdad.
    (AP, 1/14/07)(AP, 1/15/07)
2007        Jan 14, President Bush, facing opposition from both parties over his plan to send more troops to Iraq, said on CBS' "60 Minutes" that he had the authority to act no matter what Congress wanted. On "Fox News Sunday," Vice President Dick Cheney asserted that lawmakers' criticism would not influence Bush's plans and he dismissed any effort to "run a war by committee."
    (AP, 1/14/08)

2007        Jan 15, Two top aides to Saddam Hussein were hanged before dawn, and the head of one of them, the former Iraqi dictator's half brother Barzan Ibrahim, was severed from his body during the execution. 3 policemen were killed and two hurt when a roadside bomb targeted their car in a southeastern section of Baghdad.
    (AP, 1/15/07)

2007        Jan 16, Baghdad was struck by two bombings apparently targeting Shiite neighborhoods one near a university as students were leaving classes for the day that killed at least 31, and another at a used motorcycle marketplace that killed at least 15 people. The death toll across Iraq approached 150 including four who died when a roadside bomb struck a police patrol in a predominantly Shiite area of downtown Baghdad. Gianni Magazzeni, the chief of the UN Assistance Mission for Iraq in Baghdad, said 34,452 civilians were killed and 36,685 were wounded last year.
    (AP, 1/16/07)(WSJ, 1/17/07, p.A1)

2007        Jan 17, A suicide car bomb struck a market in the Shiite district of Sadr City and police said 17 people died. Another suicide car bomb exploded earlier at a checkpoint in the city of Kirkuk after guards opened fire as the driver approached a police station. The blast killed eight people and injured dozens. A mortar attack on a residential area in Iskandariyah killed a woman and injured 10 people. Police found the body of an Iraqi policeman whose hands and legs had been bound hanging by electric wire, two days after he was kidnapped while going to his home in the same area. Gunmen in a car also opened fire on two brothers, aged 30 and 35, on their way to work as construction workers in Mahaweel, 35 miles south of Baghdad. One was killed and the other was wounded. In Baghdad, a civilian was killed in a drive-by shooting and police found 5 unidentified bodies. An attack in Baghdad on a convoy of a Western democracy institute killed a 28-year-old Ohio woman and three security contractors.
    (AP, 1/17/07)(AP, 1/19/07)
2007        Feb 17, US Senate Republicans foiled a Democratic bid to repudiate President Bush's deployment of 21,500 additional combat troops to Iraq. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice made a surprise visit to Baghdad.
    (AP, 2/17/08)
2007        Feb 17, At Camp Pendleton, Calif., Marine Lance Cpl. Robert B. Pennington was sentenced to 8 years in military prison for his role in the kidnapping and killing of an Iraqi civilian.
    (AP, 2/17/08)

2007        Jan 18, In Iraq at least 59 people were killed or found dead. 3 car bombs detonated within minutes of each other in front of a wholesale vegetable market near a Shiite enclave on the edge the predominantly Sunni neighborhood of Dora in southern Baghdad, killing at least 10 people and wounding 30. The US military acknowledged that coalition forces had searched the Sudanese Embassy in Baghdad.
    (AP, 1/18/07)(SFC, 1/19/07, p.A10)

2007        Jan 19, Iraqi and US forces arrested one of Muqtada al-Sadr's top aides in Baghdad as pressure increased on the radical Shiite cleric's militia ahead of a planned security crackdown in the capital. Al-Sadr said in an interview with an Italian newspaper that the crackdown had already begun and that 400 of his men had been arrested. A US Marine died from wounds due to enemy action in the Sunni insurgent stronghold of Anbar province. Another was killed by a roadside bomb while conducting combat operations in Ninevah province.
    (AP, 1/19/07)(AP, 1/20/07)

2007        Jan 20, Elite Iraqi police forces dropped off by US helicopters staged a raid against an al-Qaida-linked Sunni militant group, killing 15 insurgents and capturing five others. At least 25 American service members were killed in military operations in the deadliest day for US forces in two years, including 13 who died in a helicopter crash and five slain in an attack by militia fighters in Karbala. An American general later said Iranian forces helped plan the Karbala raid in which gunmen posed as an American security team and launched an attack that killed five US soldiers. Laith al-Khazali, a key member of a group called Asaib Ahl al-Haq (League of the Righteous), and his brother Qais, were later accused of organizing the Karbala raid. Laith al-Khazali was released in June, 2009, as part of national reconciliation efforts by the Iraqi government. 4 US soldiers and a Marine were killed during combat in Anbar province. In 2009 Shiite militant Laith al-Khazali, accused of being involved in the killings at Karbala, was released as part of "the wider Iraqi government reconciliation process of reaching out to groups that are willing to set aside violence in favor of taking part in the political process." In January, 2010, Qais al-Khazali was released by the Iraqi government.
    (AP, 1/20/07)(AP, 1/21/07)(WSJ, 1/22/07, p.A1)(AP, 7/2/07)(AP, 6/9/09)(SFC, 8/4/09, p.A2)(SFC, 1/6/10, p.A3)

2007        Jan 21, Radical Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr's bloc announced it is lifting its political boycott, some seven weeks after it began to protest the Iraqi prime minister's summit with President Bush. A bomb struck a small bus in Baghdad as it headed to a predominantly Shiite area, killing six passengers and wounding 10. Two US Marines were killed in separate attacks in the Anbar province. Another US soldier was killed in fighting south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 1/21/07)(AP, 1/22/07)(AP, 1/23/07)

2007        Jan 22, A suicide bomber crashed his car into a central Baghdad market crowded with Shiites just seconds after another car bomb tore through the stalls where vendors were hawking DVDs and used clothing, leaving 88 dead in the bloodiest attack in two months. An Egyptian embassy worker was kidnapped in Baghdad while on a trip outside the compound. 137 people were killed or found dead across Iraq. Two US soldiers were killed in Iraq, one in fighting in Anbar province and the other in a roadside bombing.
    (AP, 1/22/07)(AP, 1/23/07)

2007        Jan 23, The UN refugee agency said that men allegedly wearing uniforms of the Iraqi security forces abducted a group of 17 Palestinian refugees from a building rented by the agency in Baghdad. Two bombs struck separate Shiite targets in Baghdad, killing five people. A Blackwater USA security helicopter crashed in a Sunni neighborhood in central Baghdad and 5 men were shot execution style in the back of the head.
    (AP, 1/23/07)(AP, 1/24/07)

2007        Jan 24, Iraqi and US troops clashed with gunmen in a Sunni insurgent stronghold north of the heavily fortified Green Zone. As many as 30 militants were killed and 27 captured.
    (AP, 1/24/07)

2007        Jan 25, Iraq's prime minister told parliament that the coming US-Iraqi security sweep in Baghdad, dubbed "Operation Imposing Law," would not be the last battle against militants. A suicide car bomber struck a predominantly Shiite neighborhood in central Baghdad, killing at least 19 people and wounding 23. At least 3 policemen were among the dead.
    (AP, 1/25/07)

2007        Jan 26, US House Speaker Nancy Pelosi and Rep. John Murtha, both vocal war critics, were in the Iraqi capital at the head of a delegation of House members on a fact-finding mission. A bomb hidden in a box holding pigeons tore through a crowded pet and livestock market in Baghdad, killed 15 people and wounded dozens. 38 bullet-riddled bodies were found in Baghdad. A former member of Saddam Hussein's ousted Baath Party and an interpreter who works for the US military were killed in two separate drive-by shootings in Kut. The body of a well-known Shiite boxer was found in central Baghdad near the dangerous street where he was kidnapped several days ago. A US Marine was killed in fighting in Anbar province.
    (AP, 1/26/07)(SFC, 1/27/07, p.A9)
2007        Jan 26, An Iranian opposition group based in France claimed Iran has thousands of paid operatives working in neighboring Iraq.
    (AP, 1/26/07)

2007        Jan 27, Two car bombs in quick succession struck a market in a mainly Shiite district in Baghdad, killing at least 13 people and wounding more than 40. US airstrikes killed 14 terror suspects and destroyed a safe house for foreign fighters during a raid south of Baqouba that also led to the capture of two other suspects. At least one rocket struck Baghdad's heavily fortified Green Zone, and two people suffered minor injuries. Two mortar shells slammed into a residential district in the western Baghdad neighborhood of Hurriyah, killing two people and wounding seven others. Armed men who wore commando uniforms and drove cars with license plates commonly used by the Interior Ministry stormed a computer company and kidnapped seven people, including shoppers, in the mainly Christian neighborhood of Sina'a. A taxi driver was shot to death after he was caught in the crossfire during clashes in the northern city of Mosul. The bodies of five men were pulled from the Tigris River in Suwayrah. A US Marine died from wounds suffered in fighting in Anbar province, and two soldiers were fatally injured in separate bombings in the Baghdad area.
    (AP, 1/27/07)(AP, 1/28/07)
2007        Jan 27, The Netherlands' government extradited Iraqi-born Wesam al Delaema (32), a naturalized Dutch citizen, to the US. He was charged with involvement in terror attacks on US troops in Iraq. In 2009 Delaema was sentenced in Washington DC to 25 years in prison. His actual term was up to the Netherlands. In 2010 a court in Rotterdam slashed the sentence to eight years and released him for time served.
    (AP, 1/28/07)(SFC, 4/17/09, p.A6)(AP, 10/13/10)

2007        Jan 28, US-backed Iraqi forces killed 263 militants in a daylong battle near Najaf against a group called the Jund al-Samaa, or Soldiers of Heaven. The group's leader and foreign fighters were among the dead. The US military confirmed a report that a helicopter crashed during the battle and that the two crew members were killed. Mortar shells rained down on a girls' secondary school in a mostly Sunni area of western Baghdad, killing five pupils and wounding 20. At least seven other people died in a series of bombings and shootings across the capital, mostly in Shiite areas. Drive-by shooters killed a high-ranking Shiite official at the Iraqi industry and mines ministry, along with his 27-year-old daughter and two other people. Two car bombs exploded within a half-hour of each other in the northern oil city of Kirkuk, killing a total of 11 people and wounding 34. US troops captured 21 suspected terrorists including an al-Qaida courier in a series of raids in Baghdad and Sunni areas north and west of the capital. At least 61 people were killed and scores wounded across Iraq. Ghanim al-Qureyshi, the provincial police chief of Diyala province, said the mayor of Baqouba and 1,500 provincial police officers have been fired in a bid to end the raging violence.
    (AFP, 1/28/07)(AP, 1/29/07)(AP, 1/30/07)

2007        Jan 29, In Iraq a prominent Shiite leader said that setting up federal regions in Iraq would solve the country's problems, adding that Shiites are being subjected to mass killings but they should not retaliate by using violence. Bombings and mortar attacks targeting Shiites killed at least 15 people. A parked car bomb struck a bus carrying Shiites to a holy shrine in northern Baghdad, killing at least four people. Mortar rounds rained down on a Shiite neighborhood in the Sunni-dominated town of Jurf al-Sakhar. 10 people were killed, including three children and four women, and five other people were wounded. A US Marine was killed in fighting in Anbar province and an American soldier died in an accident northwest of Nasiriyah.
    (AP, 1/29/07)(AP, 1/30/07)

2007        Jan 30, Assailants struck Shiite worshippers in three Iraqi cities, killing at least 39 people in bombings and ambushes during the climax of ceremonies marking Ashoura, the holiest day in the Shiite calendar. Mortar shells slammed into predominantly Sunni neighborhoods in Baghdad hours later, killing at least five people and wounding 20. Bloodshed killed at least 58 people despite heightened security surrounding Ashoura ceremonies. A morgue official in the city of Kut said his facility received six more bodies from previously unreported Ashoura-related violence. Two US soldiers and one Marine died of wounds sustained due to enemy action in Anbar province.
    (AP, 1/30/07)(AP, 1/31/07)
2007        Jan 30, The Saudi foreign minister said Saudi Arabia and Iran are working together to try to calm the crises in Iraq and Lebanon.
    (AP, 1/30/07)

2007        Jan 31, A series of car bombs struck mostly Shiite areas in Baghdad, killing eight people, while a mortar attack on a Sunni neighborhood killed four in more retaliatory sectarian violence. The bodies of three Sunni professors and a student also turned up in the morgue, three days after they were abducted by gunmen from a law school in a predominantly Shiite area in northern Baghdad. A suicide bomber driving an oil truck blew himself up after he was stopped at a checkpoint near an Iraqi army headquarters north of Baghdad, wounding 9 soldiers. A parked car bomb also struck a police patrol in the northern city of Mosul killing one policeman and wounding two others. In the cities of Fallujah and Ramadi at least eight bodies were found with their hands and legs bound and showing signs of torture.
    (AP, 1/31/07)

2007        Feb 1, A suicide attack in Hillah killed at least 73 people with 163 wounded. Mortar rounds slammed into a Sunni neighborhood in Baghdad for the third day in a row, killing at least three people and wounding 10. At least 9 people were killed in Baghdad as a bomb tore through a minibus in a predominantly Shiite commercial district and mortars hit a Sunni area. A US soldier died of wounds sustained in fighting in Anbar province.
    (AP, 2/1/07)(AP, 2/2/07)
2007        Feb 1, The departing top US commander in Iraq, Gen. George Casey, told the Senate Armed Services Committee that improving security in Baghdad would take fewer than half as many extra troops as President Bush had chosen to commit.
    (AP, 2/1/08)

2007        Feb 2, US forces killed 18 insurgents in fighting overnight after insurgents opened fire on the Americans from several positions in Ramadi. A roadside bomb struck a police patrol in the northern city of Mosul, killing one officer. A US military helicopter went down near Taji and 2 crew members were killed.   
    (AP, 2/2/07)(SFC, 2/3/07, p.A4)

2007        Feb 3, Iraq's top Shiite cleric called for Muslim unity and an end to sectarian conflict, his first public statement in months on the worsening security crisis. A suicide truck bomber struck a market in a predominantly Shiite area of Baghdad, killing 137 people among the crowd buying food for evening meals, the most devastating strike in the capital in more than two months. A series of car bombs struck the oil-rich northern city of Kirkuk in a 2-hour span, killing at least 2 people and wounding 30. 5 US soldiers died, 4 in fighting and one of an apparent heart attack.
    (AP, 2/3/07)(AP, 2/4/07)

2007        Feb 4, In Iraq at least 103 people were killed or found dead, mostly in Baghdad. A roadside bomb struck a police patrol in a predominantly Sunni area in Baghdad, killing 4 policemen and wounding 3. The US command said it has ordered changes in helicopter flight operations. 4 had been shot down in the last 2 weeks. Gunmen wearing Iraqi army uniforms seized Jalal Sharafi, the second secretary at the Iranian Embassy, as he drove through central Baghdad. Iran said it held the United States responsible for the diplomat's "safety and life."
    (AP, 2/4/07)(SFC, 2/5/07, p.A8)(AP, 2/6/07)

2007        Feb 5, Violence raked Baghdad as an Iraqi general took charge of the security operation in the capital and Iraqi police and soldiers manned new roadblocks, initial steps indicating the start of the long-anticipated joint operation with American forces to curb sectarian bloodshed. At least 29 people died in bomb and mortar attacks across the city, 15 of them as they waited to refill propane cooking tanks when two car bombs blew up in quick succession in south Baghdad. A soldier killed in a roadside bombing in Basra was the 100th British death attributed to hostile action since the US-led invasion in 2003. A US Marine was killed in fighting in the volatile Anbar province. US forces shot and killed Donald Tolfree of Owosso, Mich., a civilian contract truck driver at Camp Anaconda, the huge air base north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 2/5/07)(AP, 2/6/07)(AP, 2/10/07)

2007        Feb 6, Iraqi and US forces set up more checkpoints in preparation for a security sweep in Baghdad amid complaints that the operation was moving too slowly.
    (AP, 2/6/07)

2007        Feb 7, At least 15 people were killed in attacks across Iraq, including two employees of the government-funded Iraqi Media Network in Baghdad. A female census worker was shot to death while she was riding to work with her husband in the northern city of Mosul.  A Sea Knight CH-46 helicopter went down northwest of Baghdad, the fifth helicopter lost in Iraq in just over two weeks. All 7 aboard were killed. Four US Marines were killed in fighting in Anbar province from wounds sustained due to enemy action in two separate incidents. Another 3 US soldiers were killed in fighting Anbar province.
    (AP, 2/7/07)(AP, 2/8/07)(AP, 2/9/07)

2007        Feb 8, Iraqi forces detained a senior Health Ministry official accused of corruption and helping to funnel millions of dollars to Shiite militiamen blamed for much of the recent sectarian violence in the capital. A parked car bomb exploded at a meat market in the predominantly Shiite town of Aziziyah killing 20 people and wounding 45. Car bombs struck Shiite targets in Baghdad and south of the capital. Gunmen burst into two houses belonging to Sunni Muslims northeast of Baghdad and killed at least 10 males after pushing the women and children aside. In northern Iraq a late night US airstrike hit a Kurdish position in Mosul, killing at least eight Kurdish troops and wounding six. The US military said it was looking into the report. A separate US airstrike killed eight suspected terrorists and destroyed a building south of Baghdad. A US airstrike killed 13 insurgents in a volatile area west of Baghdad. Local officials said 45 civilians, including women and children, died in the attack.
    (AP, 2/8/07)(AP, 2/9/07)

2007        Feb 9, Gunmen dressed in Iraqi army uniforms swept into a village south of Baghdad, kidnapping 13 civilians and killing at least 11 of them. A British soldier was killed and three others were hurt in a roadside bomb attack in southern Iraq. 3 US soldiers died in an explosion in volatile Diyala province northeast of Baghdad.
    (AP, 2/9/07)(AFP, 2/9/07)(AP, 2/10/07)

2007        Feb 10, In Iraq Gen. David Petraeus (b.1952) took command of the 135,000-strong US force. Gunmen ambushed two Shiite houses south of Baghdad, killing three members of one family and wounding two of their neighbors. Gunmen killed eight new recruits for the police border forces as they were returning to their homes near the border with Syria.
    (AP, 2/10/07)(AP, 2/11/07)

2007        Feb 11, A suicide truck bomber slammed into a crowd of police lining up for duty near Tikrit, collapsing the station and killing at least 30 people and wounding 50. 21 of the 30 killed were policemen. Minutes later, a roadside bomb struck a car on a highway on the western outskirts of Tikrit killing two civilians and wounding two others. A suicide bomber blew himself up next to a police patrol in the religiously mixed neighborhood of Ilam in southwestern Baghdad, killing one policeman. A parked car bomb exploded near an intersection, killing two people and wounding three in Mansour. A US soldier was killed after coming under small-arms fire northeast of Baghdad. A senior US intelligence officer said high-tech roadside bombs, that have proved particularly deadly to American soldiers, are manufactured in Iran and delivered to Iraq on orders from the "highest levels" of the Iranian government. Another US soldier was killed in fighting in Anbar province.
    (AP, 2/11/07)(AP, 2/13/07)

2007        Feb 12, An Iraqi court raised the sentence against Saddam Hussein's vice president to death by hanging for the killings of Shiites in the town of Dujail. Thunderous explosions and dense black smoke swirled through central Baghdad when 3 car bombs tore through a crowded marketplace, setting off secondary blasts and killing 81 people with 172 wounded.
    (AP, 2/12/07)(AP, 2/13/07)
2007        Feb 12, Police conducted raids across northern Italy, breaking up a leftist militant group that was allegedly planning kidnappings or kneecappings of victims to finance its plots. Police said they arrested 15 suspects accused of belonging to the Politico-military Communist Party (PCPM) in Milan, Turin, Padua and other northern Italian cities. Police in 7 locations across Italy arrested 17 men, including four alleged arms traffickers: Massimo Bettinotti (39), Gianluca Squarzolo (39), Ermete Moretti (55), and Serafino Rossi (64). The luggage of Squarzolo had yielded the original clue to the arms deal. Iraqi and Italian partners had haggled over shipping more than 100,000 Russian-made automatic weapons into Iraq.
    (AP, 2/12/07)(Econ, 2/17/07, p.54)(AP, 8/13/07)

2007        Feb 13, A suicide truck bomber blew himself up near a college and a ration office in a mainly Shiite area of the capital, killing at least 15 people with 27 wounded. Police discovered a booby-trapped ambulance about 500 yards away, but the explosives were defused. Hours later, a parked car bomb exploded near a bakery in another predominantly Shiite area in southeastern Baghdad, killing four people and wounding four.
    (AP, 2/13/07)

2007        Feb 14, The Iraqi government formally launched a long-awaited security crackdown in Baghdad. A parked car bomb struck a predominantly Shiite district elsewhere in central Baghdad, killing four civilians and wounding 10. In Mosul a suicide car bomber targeted an Iraqi army patrol, killing one soldier and four civilians and wounding 20 other people.
    (AP, 2/14/07)

2007        Feb 15, An adviser to Iraq's prime minister said that radical Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr is in Iran, but denied he fled due to fear of arrest during an escalating security crackdown.
    (AP, 2/15/07)
2007        Feb 15, Iraqi and US troops moved into a Sunni neighborhood in southern Baghdad, while insurgents struck back with car bombs that killed seven people. In southern Iraq, British troops sealed off the border with Iran to prevent weapons smuggling. Terror leader Abu Hamza al-Muhajir, also known as Abu Ayyub al-Masri, was wounded and an aide killed in a clash with Iraqi forces near Balad, north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 2/15/07)(AP, 2/16/07)

2007        Feb 16, The number of Iraqi civilians killed in Baghdad's sectarian violence fell drastically overnight. 10 bodies were reported by the morgue in the capital, compared to an average of 40 to 50 per day. A US Marine was killed during combat operations in western Anbar province.
    (AP, 2/16/07)(AP, 2/17/07)
2007        Feb 16, The US House of Representatives voted 246-182 for a non-binding resolution opposing Pres. Bush’s plan to send 21,500 more troops to Iraq. 17 Republicans voted in favor.
    (SFC, 2/17/07, p.A1)

2007        Feb 17, In Iraq a suicide car bomber rammed into a crowded market in Kirkuk moments after a booby-trapped vehicle exploded, killing at least nine people and injuring 60. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice made an unannounced stop in Baghdad before heading for scheduled talks in Israel. Iraqi authorities foiled a potential suicide bomber near Karbala. A minivan came under fire after the driver failed to slowdown at a checkpoint, and then detonated the explosives and was killed in the blast. A US soldier in Baghdad was killed when an insurgent hurled a grenade at his vehicle. Another soldier died when a patrol came under fire north of Baghdad. A US Marine died in western Iraq.
    (AP, 2/17/07)(AP, 2/18/07)(AP, 2/19/07)

2007        Feb 18, Two car bombs exploded in an outdoor market in Baghdad, killing at least 63 people and injuring scores in the deadliest attack since US and Iraqi forces began a major security push around the capital last week. A separate car bomb in the mostly Shiite area of Sadr City killed at least one person and injured 10. A US soldier died in Anbar province.
    (AP, 2/18/07)(AP, 2/19/07)

2007        Feb 19, In Iraq gunmen ambushed a minivan on the main highway from Baghdad to Anbar. The attackers accused the 13 aboard of opposing al-Qaida in Iraq. All 13 were executed, including an elderly woman and two boys. A string of car bombings and other attacks claimed more than 40 civilian lives in Baghdad and elsewhere. Insurgents launched a brazen coordinated attack on a US combat post near Tarmiyah, sending in a suicide bomber and clashing with American troops. Six US service members were killed.
    (AP, 2/19/07)(AP, 2/20/07)(AP, 2/25/07)

2007        Feb 20, A car bomb and a suicide attacker killed at least 11 people across Baghdad. Later in the day a suicide bomber in Baghdad had struck a funeral procession and killed at least seven people. Outside Baghdad nearly 150 people were hospitalized complaining of breathing problems, vomiting and other ailments after a truck carrying a chlorine-based substance was hit by a roadside bomb north of Baghdad. The attack left 7 dead. A government statement said 3 officers of the Shiite-dominated police force have been cleared of allegations that they raped a Sunni woman in their custody. A raid on the car bomb factory near Karmah, in Anbar, uncovered a pickup truck and three other vehicles that were being prepared as car bombs.
    (AP, 2/20/07)(AFP, 2/22/07)(AP, 2/23/07)

2007        Feb 21, A suicide car bomber struck a police checkpoint in the Shiite city of Najaf, killing at 13 people in the spiritual heartland of the militia factions led by Muqtada al-Sadr. A car bomb in the western Baghdad district of Bayya killed at least two and injured 31. Later, a car bomb in the neighborhood killed at least three people. The area is mixed between Sunni and Shiites. PM Nouri al-Maliki fired a top Sunni official who had called for an international investigation into the rape allegations leveled by a Sunni Arab woman against three members of the Shiite-dominated security forces. A tank truck carrying chlorine exploded killing 3 people and wounding at least 25. In Ramadi a six-hour battle broke out after insurgents armed with rocket-propelled grenades attacked US troops from nearby buildings. A Marine spokesman said 12 insurgents were killed and there were no civilian casualties reported. Iraqi authorities said the dead included women and children.
    (AP, 2/21/07)(AFP, 2/22/07)(SFC, 2/22/07, p.A10)(AP, 2/23/07)
2007        Feb 21, PM Tony Blair said Britain will withdraw around 1,600 troops from Iraq in the coming months and aims to further cut its 7,100-strong contingent by late summer if Iraqi forces can secure the country's south.
    (AP, 2/21/07)
2007        Feb 21, Denmark’s PM Rasmussen said that his country will withdraw its 460-member contingent from southern Iraq by August and transfer security responsibilities to Iraqi forces.
    (AP, 2/21/07)

2007        Feb 22, An official said 4 Iraqi soldiers have been accused of raping a 50-year-old Sunni woman on Feb 8 and the attempted rape of her two daughters in the second allegation of sexual assault leveled against Iraqi forces this week. Issa Abdul-Razzaq Ahmed (22), a suspected al-Qaida-linked insurgent leader accused of financing attacks and recruiting fighters, was captured in southern Iraq. 3 US soldiers were killed in combat in Anbar province.
    (AP, 2/22/07)(AP, 2/23/07)

2007        Feb 23, In Iraq US troops arrested Amar al-Hakim, the son of Iraq's top Shiite politician, as he returned to the country from Iran. He was later released and US Ambassador Zalmay Khalilzad issued a rapid apology.
    (AP, 2/23/07)(AP, 2/24/07)

2007        Feb 24, Thousands of Shiites rallied in Najaf to protest the nearly 12-hour detention of the eldest son of Iraq's most influential Shiite politician as he crossed back from Iran. Iraqi commandos backed by US aircraft raided a Sunni insurgent base north of Baghdad, killing dozens. Local authorities said six children and their father were among the dead. Attacks in Baghdad killed at least seven civilians. A suicide truck bombing in Anbar province left 52 dead and 74 injured. The attack was on worshippers leaving a mosque in Habbaniyah. An arsenal was discovered north of Baghdad containing components for so-called EFPs, explosively formed projectiles that fire a slug of molten metal capable of penetrating armored vehicles. The weapons cache contained more than two dozen mortars and 15 rockets. There were enough metal disks to make 130 EFPs.
    (AP, 2/24/07)(AP, 2/25/07)(AP, 2/26/07)

2007        Feb 25, A suicide bomber struck outside a college campus in Baghdad, killing at least 41 people and injuring dozens. Earlier, two Katyusha rockets hit a Shiite enclave in southern Baghdad, killing at least 10, and a bomb near the fortified Green Zone claimed two lives. A separate car bombing in a Shiite district in central Baghdad killed at least one person and injured four. In Mosul US troops killed two gunmen in a raid and captured a suspected local leader of the insurgent group al-Qaida in Iraq. Iraqi and US troops killed 10 militants and seized six weapons stashes in raids in Diyala province.
    (AP, 2/25/07)(AP, 3/1/07)

2007        Feb 26, The Iraqi Cabinet approved a draft law to manage the country's vast oil industry and distribute its wealth among the population, a major breakthrough in US efforts to press the country's Shiite, Sunni and Kurdish groups to reach agreements to achieve stability. Adel Abdul-Mahdi, Iraq's Shiite vice president, escaped an apparent assassination attempt after a bomb exploded in municipal offices where he was making a speech, knocking him down with the force of the blast that left at least 10 people dead. A statement from the US military said that 63 weapons caches have been discovered during major US-Iraqi security sweeps around Baghdad that began Feb. 14. The arsenals included anti-aircraft weapons, armor-piercing bullets, bomb components and mortar rounds.
    (AP, 2/26/07)

2007        Feb 27, Iraqi and US forces staged raids in Baghdad's main Shiite militant stronghold as part of politically sensitive forays into areas loyal to radical cleric Muqtada al-Sadr. At the popular Kabab Abu Ali restaurant, a bomb left in a plastic bag exploded during the busy lunch hours, killing at least three people and injuring 13. About the same time, a suicide bomber struck an area filled with restaurants and ice cream parlors. At least five people were killed and 13 injured. Earlier, a bomb-rigged car exploded in a parking lot, killing at least two people. Near Mosul a suicide bomber struck a factory, killing at least four people. A separate suicide car bombing in Mosul killed at least six policemen and injured 38 police and civilians. Three US soldiers were killed in a roadside bomb blast southwest of Baghdad.
    (AP, 2/27/07)

2007        Feb 28, In Iraq a car bomb killed at least 10 people packed into a Baghdad market. US forces killed 8 suspected militants in a raid north of the city, and captured 6 others in separate operations around Baghdad. Guards outside the Bab al-Sheik police station in central Baghdad fired on a suicide truck bomber as he approached them. The bomber changed course and crashed into a cement barrier, detonating his explosives. An Algerian whose suicide payload was hidden in gas and chlorine bottles, was foiled when his path into Bab al-Sheikh police station in central Baghdad was blocked by a departing policeman's car. Two civilians were killed and two policemen and another civilian were wounded in the blast and exchange of gunfire. Two brothers of a leading Sunni lawmaker were gunned down in Muqdadiyah. In Mosul a high-ranking officer and his driver were killed in a drive-by shooting. The tortured body of another senior police officer was discovered in central Baghdad, about two months after the man disappeared. A US Marine was killed in the western Anbar province. 80 al-Qaida members were killed and 50 captured in fierce clashes between al-Qaida and residents of the village of Amiriyat near Fallujah, 45 kilometers (25 miles) west of Baghdad. The US military could not confirm the report. In 2010 video was made public of Iraqi police who appeared to lynch the failed suicide bomber at the Bab al-Sheikh police station. The police were shown stamping on the bomber's head and kicking his body and faced human rights charges.
    (AP, 2/28/07)(AP, 3/1/07)(AP, 3/2/07)(AFP, 5/1/10)
2007        Feb 28, Syria said it would participate in a Baghdad-organized conference of Iraq's neighbors that the US plans to attend. Iran said it was considering whether to take part.
    (AP, 2/28/07)

2007        Feb, In Iraq American forces began a serious crackdown on oil smuggling.
    (WSJ, 3/15/07, p.A1)

2007        Mar 1, In Iraq one person killed in a roadside bomb in Baghdad. An American Marine was killed in combat in Anbar province.
    (AP, 3/1/07)(AP, 3/2/07)

2007        Mar 2, An al-Qaida-linked Sunni group said that it kidnapped 18 government workers and soldiers in retaliation for the alleged rape of a Sunni woman by members of the Shiite-dominated police force. Hours later, the government said the bodies of 14 security officers had been found. In Baghdad, a pair of car bombs killed 11 people in separate attacks.
    (AP, 3/2/07)

2007        Mar 3, Gunmen stormed the home of a Sunni family threatened with death for meeting with local Shiites, separating out the women and children and executing six men. American warplanes bombed an area near Taji, on Baghdad's northern outskirts, killing "key terrorists" who were using anti-aircraft artillery to fire at military helicopters. In a separate raid in the Taji area, nine suspected insurgents were captured, including two believed to be responsible for recruiting and helping foreign militants join the insurgency in Baghdad. At least 7 other people wee killed in shootings and roadside bombs.
    (AP, 3/3/07)

2007        Mar 4, Hundreds of US soldiers entered the Shiite stronghold of Sadr City in the first major push into the area since an American-led security sweep began last month around Baghdad. US troops raided a mosque in Baghdad and captured three suspected insurgents hiding inside. At least 10 people died in violence, including three women and a child, all Shiite pilgrims heading to the holy city of Karbala, killed in a roadside bombing in Hillah. Two policemen were killed and three hurt in clashes the northern Iraqi city of Mosul. A British-Iraqi raid on a police intelligence headquarters in southern Iraq found 30 prisoners with signs of torture and an alleged death squad leader was captured.
    (AP, 3/4/07)(AP, 3/5/07)

2007        Mar 5, A suicide car bomber shattered a relative lull in Baghdad's violence, killing at least 38 people in a blast that touched off raging fires and a blizzard of bloodstained paper from a popular book market. Gunmen opened fire on Shiite pilgrims in several places around Baghdad, killing at least seven people. Six US soldiers died when a bomb exploded near their vehicles during a combat operation in Salahuddin province. Another three US soldiers died in a roadside bomb attack in Diyala province.
    (AP, 3/5/07)(AP, 3/6/07)
2007        Mar 5, John Holmes, the new UN humanitarian chief, said the UN plans to open an office in Jordan to deal with the increasingly serious humanitarian problems posed by 1.8 million Iraqis who have fled to neighboring countries and a similar number who have fled their homes and are still inside Iraq.
    (AP, 3/6/07)

2007        Mar 6, In Iraq 2 suicide bombers blew themselves up in a crowd of Shiite pilgrims streaming toward a shrine at Hillah, killing at least 120 people and wounding about 190. In the south Baghdad neighborhood of Dora gunmen pumped bullets into a minibus, killing all eight passengers inside. A car bomb nearby killed at least 7 people.
    (AP, 3/6/07)(AP, 3/7/07)
2007        Mar 6, In Iraq US Staff Sgt. Michael Barbera took a knee, leveled his rifle and killed two unarmed brothers as they herded cattle in a grove. Barbera faced a US military trial in 2014.
    (SFC, 4/24/14, p.A6)

2007        Mar 7, In Iraq at least 11 Shiite pilgrims were killed by bombs and gunfire as they streamed toward a Muslim shrine ahead of a weekend holiday. Three American soldiers were killed by a roadside bomb. An Iraqi TV cameraman working for a privately owned Shiite station was among 22 people killed in a car bombing at a police checkpoint in south Baghdad. A suspected financier of insurgents was captured in Kirkuk province. A suicide attacker blew himself up in a cafe northeast of Baghdad, killing 30 people.
    (AP, 3/7/07)(AP, 3/8/07)(AP, 3/11/07)(AP, 3/7/08)

2007        Mar 9, US forces killed a suspected militant and captured 16 others in raids across Iraq.
    (AP, 3/9/07)

2007        Mar 10, In Iraq US and Iranian envoys traded harsh words and blamed each other for the country's crisis at a one-day international conference that some hoped would help end their 27-year diplomatic freeze. 69 delegates represented 13 countries and consented to form committees to address Iraq’s problems. A suicide blast at a checkpoint in Sadr City killed 20 people, including at least six Iraqi soldiers as international envoys met in the Iraqi capital to talk about stabilizing the violence-shattered country. Iraq's prime minister appealed for international help to sever networks aiding extremists and warned envoys from neighbors and world powers that Iraq's growing sectarian bloodshed could spill across the Middle East. US and Iraqi forces captured three suspected members of a bomb-making cell north in Tarmiyah north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 3/10/07)(AP, 3/11/07)(SSFC, 3/11/07, p.A15)
2007        Mar 10, An Iraqi insurgent group threatened to kill a German woman and her son kidnapped in Iraq unless Germany withdrew its troops from Afghanistan within 10 days, according to a video posted by the group.
    (AP, 3/10/07)

2007        Mar 11, At least 58 people were killed in a spate of attacks across Iraq, including 31 Shiite pilgrims who died in a car bombing as they returned from a religious festival.
    (AFP, 3/11/07)

2007        Mar 12, Gen. David Petraeus, the top US commander in Iraq, said in a newly released interview that it's "indisputable" Iran is training and arming militants to fight against US-led troops in Iraq. Police found only nine bullet-riddled bodies in Baghdad, apparent victims of Sunni-Shiite reprisal killings.
    (AP, 3/13/07)

2007        Mar 13, Iraq's Shiite prime minister made a groundbreaking and unannounced visit to Ramadi, the Sunni insurgent stronghold in Anbar province. A roadside bomb hit a minibus carrying Industry Ministry employees in northern Baghdad, killing two workers and wounding six. In Suwayrah police dragged two bodies out of Tigris River. The bodies showed signs of torture. In Kut gunmen killed Ibrahim Sasa, an interpreter working for coalition troops.
    (AP, 3/13/07)

2007        Mar 14, In northern Iraq suicide bombers struck a market and an Iraqi military checkpoint in Baghdad, killing at least 10 people. An Iraqi general warned extremists that they will be "smashed under the foot of the Iraqi people" if they resist efforts to end the violence in the country. A US soldier was killed in fighting in Anbar province. A Marine assigned to Multi National Force-West also died in Anbar in a non-combat-related incident.
    (AP, 3/14/07)(AP, 3/15/07)

2007        Mar 15, A suicide car bomber apparently targeting a senior city official struck an Iraqi military checkpoint in a Shiite neighborhood in Baghdad, killing at least eight people. In Iskandariyah a bomb in a parked car exploded as a bus packed with workers passed by, killing at least four and wounding 24. The top official in Baghdad's Sadr City was seriously wounded when gunmen ambushed his convoy in eastern Baghdad, killing two of his bodyguards. A US soldier was killed in an explosion in Salahuddin province.
    (AP, 3/15/07)(AP, 3/16/07)

2007        Mar 16, Adel Abdul-Mahdi, the Iraqi vice president, presented his country's economic and political reform plan at a UN conference, pledging to adopt a law to the Iraq's oil riches among its often feuding regions and a program to grant amnesty for insurgents who renounce violence. Radical Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr decried US forces as occupiers and called on his followers to shout “No, No America!" Three suicide bombers driving chlorine-laden trucks struck in the Sunni insurgent stronghold of Anbar province, killing two policemen and forcing about 350 Iraqi civilians and six US troops to seek treatment for exposure to the gas. gunmen killed a member of the governmental facilities protection service in Suwayrah. In Kirkuk 2 policemen were killed and three civilians wounded by a roadside bomb and a following ambush. A mortar attack against a Sunni mosque in the southeastern Baghdad neighborhood of Zafaraniyah killed one civilian and wounded two others. 4 US soldiers were killed in a roadside bombing in mainly Shiite eastern Baghdad. The military said it found a sophisticated weapon at the site that was not detonated but was of the type that Washington believes is being supplied by Iran to Shiite militias.
    (AP, 3/16/07)(AP, 3/17/07)
2007        Mar 16, Portugal said it is closing its embassy in Baghdad because of security concerns.
    (AP, 3/16/07)

2007        Mar 17, In Iraq bombings and shootings targeted police patrols, killing five policemen, including two who died after a suicide car bomber struck the checkpoint they were manning near a Sunni mosque in western Baghdad. 7 US troops were killed, including four by a roadside bomb while patrolling western Baghdad.
    (AP, 3/17/07)(AP, 3/18/07)

2007        Mar 18, In Iraq gunmen opened fire on a minibus carrying civilians, killing seven men and wounding four others in Hibhib, just east of Baqouba. A car bomb killed seven Iraqis in a predominantly Shiite district of Baghdad. A roadside bomb hit an Iraqi police convoy in eastern Baghdad, killing two policemen and wounding five. In Shorja market, Baghdad's most popular central shopping district, a man tossed a grenade into a group of workers. One worker was killed and another was wounded. Eleven bodies were found, six in Baqouba, in Diwaniyah and four in Mosul, many with signs of torture and all apparently victims of sectarian killings. US troops captured 12 suspected militants in raids across Iraq.
    (AP, 3/18/07)

2007        Mar 19, An explosion at a Shiite mosque in Baghdad killed at least eight worshippers, the fourth anniversary of the start of the war. About an hour later, four blasts occurred in a 35-minute period in different areas of Kirkuk killing at least 15 people and wounding more than 30. Khalaf Ghargan, the mayor of the small Shiite village of Dijelah was kidnapped on his way to work, and his bullet-riddled body was later found along a highway. Gunmen also attacked a police checkpoint northwest of Samarra killing one policeman and wounding three others. Iraqi and US troops engaged in a major operation as part of a security crackdown in the volatile Hurriyah neighborhood in northern Baghdad. The state-run Iraqiya network said six civilians were killed.
    (AP, 3/19/07)(AP, 3/20/07)
2007        Mar 19, President Bush marked the fourth anniversary of the start of the Iraq war with a plea for patience to let his revised battle plan work; Congress' new Democratic leaders retorted that no patience remained.
    {BushGW, USA, Iraq}
    (AP, 3/19/08)

2007        Mar 20, Taha Yassin Ramadan (69), Saddam Hussein's former deputy, was hanged before dawn, the fourth man to be executed in the killings of 148 Shiites following a 1982 assassination attempt against the former leader in the town of Dujail. At least 15 people were killed or found dead, most in Baghdad, as the war entered its fifth year. Iraqi and US troops backed by American warplanes battled al-Qaida-linked insurgents for more than five hours in clashes in Amiriyah, near Fallujah, that left eight killed and five Iraqi policemen wounded.
    (AP, 3/20/07)(AP, 3/21/07)
2007        Mar 20, Ali Mussa Dakdouk, a senior Lebanese Hezbollah operative, was captured in southern Iraq.
    (AP, 7/2/07)

2007        Mar 21, US troops killed five insurgents and destroyed a bomb-making factory north of Baghdad. Dozens more were detained after fierce clashes in a Sunni-dominated province west of the capital. Scattered violence killed at least nine people. A claim by the US military that insurgents used children in a weekend suicide attack raised concerns about new tactics being adopted by insurgents. Gunmen on a motorcycle shot dead a postgraduate female student at Basra University, Tuhfa Jaafar al-Bachay. Two US soldiers and a Marine were killed in combat.
    (AP, 3/21/07)(AP, 3/22/07)

2007        Mar 22, In Iraq a rocket landed near the prime minister's office during the first visit to Iraq by the head of the UN in nearly a year and a half, sending Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon ducking unharmed behind a podium at a news conference. The US military announced that it had captured the leaders of a Shiite insurgent network "directly connected" to the killing in January of five American soldiers in Karbala by gunmen speaking English, wearing US military uniforms and carrying American weapons. The arrests of Qais Khazaali, his brother Laith Khazaali and several other members of the network took place over the past three days. In Baqouba the bullet-ridden body of a kidnapped local official and mother of three was found dumped on a city street, one day after masked gunmen stormed her house and took her away handcuffed. A US soldier was killed by a roadside bomb in the western section of Baghdad while his unit was engaged in "route clearance operations."
    (AP, 3/22/07)(AP, 3/23/07)

2007        Mar 23, Iraq's deputy prime minister, a Sunni who crossed the country's sectarian divide to join the Shiite-led government, was wounded in a suicide bombing at a mosque in the courtyard of his home. Nine people were killed. A US soldier on a foot patrol was killed by a roadside bomb south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 3/23/07)(AP, 3/24/07)

2007        Mar 24, At least 74 people were killed or found dead in Iraq. A suicide truck bomber struck a police station in Dora, a mainly Sunni area in Baghdad, killing 20 people. 2 mortar shells landed on a Shiite enclave elsewhere in Dora, killing three people and wounding seven. Gunmen ambushed an Iraqi army checkpoint in Baghdad's western Sunni neighborhood of Jami'a, killing a soldier and wounding two others. A militant also was killed in subsequent clashes. At least 11 other people were killed or found dead, including a civilian who died after a parked truck packed with explosives struck a Shiite mosque in Haswa, and the bullet-riddled bodies of 8 men showing signs of torture in Fallujah. The Islamic State in Iraq, an insurgent umbrella group that includes al-Qaida in Iraq, purportedly claimed responsibility for three suicide bombings near the Anbar province city of Qaim, near the Syrian border, saying in an Internet statement that 45 policemen were killed and 48 were wounded. police said only six people had been killed, including five policemen, and 19 other people wounded.
    (AP, 3/24/07)(AP, 3/24/07)

2007        Mar 25, Suspected Shiite militants bombed a Sunni mosque in Haswa in apparent retaliation for a suicide attack the day before against a Shiite shrine in the same city that killed 11 people. Gunmen and Iraqi security forces clashed in a Sunni area in central Baghdad. At least two people were killed in fighting. At least 27 Iraqis were reported killed. 5 US soldiers were killed in roadside bombings.
    (AP, 3/25/07)(SFC, 3/26/07, p.A5)

2007        Mar 26, Zalmay Khalilzad, the departing US ambassador, said American and Iraqi officials are seeking to persuade so-called "reconcilable insurgents" to join forces against al-Qaida. Iskandariyah authorities imposed an indefinite curfew after two people were killed and two others wounded in sectarian clashes sparked by an attack by suspected Shiite militants on a Sunni mosque. Kirkuk police said two elderly Chaldean Catholic nuns were stabbed multiple time by two intruders who raided their home near Kirkuk's Cathedral of the Virgin. The US military also announced the capture of leaders of a car-bombing ring blamed for killing hundreds of Iraqis.
    (AP, 3/26/07)(AP, 3/27/07)

2007        Mar 27, In Iraq 2 nearly simultaneous truck bombs, including one detonated by remote control, ripped through markets in Tal Afar, killing at least 48 people and wounding dozens as violence surged outside the Iraqi capital. It was later reported that the main blast killed 152 people. A suicide car bomber killed at least 10 in a market near Ramadi and a mortar attack on a Shiite district area in southern Baghdad killed at least four people. Clashes broke in Iskandariyah after suspected Shiite militants broke into a Sunni mosque, leaving four Sunni militants dead and one Shiite militant wounded. A roadside bomb struck Iraqi police on a foot patrol in southeastern Baghdad, killing a policeman and wounding two others. Another police officer was killed in a drive-by shooting in eastern Baghdad. Harith Dhaher al-Dhari, a military leader of the 1920 Revolution Brigades, a major Sunni Arab insurgent group, was killed along with 2 associates west of Baghdad. Two Americans, a contractor and a soldier, were killed in a rocket attack on the heavy guarded Green Zone.
    (AP, 3/27/07)(Reuters, 3/31/07)

2007        Mar 28, In Iraq Shiite militants and police enraged by massive truck bombings in the northwestern town of Tal Afar went on a revenge spree against Sunni residents there, killing as many as 60 people. Suicide bombers detonated explosives on trucks carrying highly toxic chlorine in Fallujah, wounding about 15 US and Iraqi security forces.
    (AP, 3/28/07)

2007        Mar 29, US Ambassador Ryan Crocker was sworn in as the new top US envoy to Iraq, saying he was taking over the "most critical foreign policy mission" facing his country. Iraq's government admitted that police were behind the vengeful slaughter of at least 70 Sunni Arabs in Tal Afar. 2 suicide attackers wearing explosives blew themselves up in the Shalal market, which was crowded with shoppers seeking provisions on the eve of the Muslim day of rest and prayer. At least 82 people were killed and 102 were wounded. At least 181 people were killed or found dead as Sunni insurgents apparently stepped up their campaign of bombings to derail the seven-week-old security sweep in Baghdad. A US soldier was killed and another was wounded during a patrol in southern Baghdad.
    (AFP, 3/29/07)(AP, 3/30/07)

2007        Mar 30, The radical cleric Muqtada al-Sadr issued a scathing attack on the US, following one of the country's bloodiest days, blaming Washington for Iraq's troubles and calling for a mass demonstration April 9, the fourth anniversary of the fall of Baghdad.
    (AP, 3/30/07)

2007        Mar 31, A parked car exploded near a hospital in Baghdad's main Shiite district, the deadliest in a series of bombings that killed at least nine people and wounded dozens in Iraq.
    (AP, 3/31/07)

2007        Mar, In Baqouba two Sunni and two Shiite Muslims founded the independent Iraq Radio and Television Network with technical help from the US military.
    (AP, 4/9/07)

2007        Apr 1, An Iraqi military spokesman said that militants fleeing a security crackdown in Baghdad have made areas outside the capital "breeding grounds for violence," spreading deadly bombings and sectarian attacks to areas once relatively untouched. A bomb struck a popular market in Tuz Khormato, 130 miles north of Baghdad, killing three people and wounding four. More than 600 Iraqis were killed in sectarian violence last week alone. 6 US soldiers were killed in roadside bombings over the weekend southwest of Baghdad.   
    (AP, 4/1/07)(AP, 4/2/07)

2007        Apr 2, In Iraq a suicide truck bomber targeted a police station in the oil-rich northern city of Kirkuk, killing at least 13 people and wounding dozens, including many children from a nearby school. A parked car exploded in a garage near a governmental property registration agency in western Baghdad, killing three people and wounding 10. A suicide bomber drove his car into a police checkpoint in the southern insurgent stronghold of Dora, killing four people, including two policemen. A roadside bomb killed four civilians and wounded 20 in the Shiite town of Khalis. A roadside bomb struck an Iraqi military convoy, killing one soldier and wounding 7 in the Qazaniyah area northeast of Baghdad. 4 US soldiers were killed in combat.
    (AP, 4/2/07)(Reuters, 4/3/07)

2007        Apr 3, In Baghdad a senior foreign ministry official said his government was "intensively" seeking the release of five Iranians detained there by the US. Two US soldiers were killed by small-arms fire, one in eastern Baghdad and another on foot patrol in the southern outskirts of the capital. Iraqi and US troops found a huge stash of weapons in a raid on the home of Sunni legislator Khalaf al-Ilyan. They detained at least a dozen men for questioning. Khalaf al-Ilyan, in Jordan for surgery, later denied the charges and accused the Iraqi government and Iran of trying to discredit him because of his criticism of state policies.
    (AP, 4/3/07)(AP, 4/6/07)(AP, 4/9/07)
2007        Apr 3, Iran reported that an Iranian diplomat in Iraq seized two months ago by uniformed gunmen has been released.
    (AP, 4/3/07)
2007        Apr 3, Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono told a meeting of Islamic clerics that Muslim nations should ultimately replace coalition forces in Iraq after a period of national reconciliation.
    (AP, 4/3/07)

2007        Apr 4, Iraq's top corruption fighter said that $8 billion in government money was wasted or stolen over the past three years and claimed he was threatened with death after opening an investigation into scores of Oil Ministry employees. Gunmen opened fire on a minibus carrying power plant workers in a predominantly Sunni area west of Kirkuk, killing six men. Gunmen also attacked a police patrol near Baqouba, killing four officers. 6 of the gunmen were killed in a subsequent gunbattle. Two mortar rounds also slammed into a house in the predominantly Shiite town of Khalis, just after midnight, killing a woman and wounding two other women and a 4-year-old boy. Gunmen wearing police uniforms seized 22 shepherds and their sheep in southern Iraq in the latest mass abduction of Shiite workers by presumed Sunni insurgents. A roadside bomb killed two US soldiers and wounded three others in southern Baghdad. Another blast north of the capital killed two US soldiers and wounded one.
    (AP, 4/4/07)(AFP, 4/4/07)(AP, 4/5/07)

2007        Apr 5, A bomb struck an oil pipeline, cutting off supplies and causing a huge fire in southern Iraq near the border with Kuwait. A US Army helicopter went down south of Baghdad, injuring 4 of the 9 soldiers aboard. A US soldier was killed by small-arms fire while on patrol in eastern Baghdad. 4 British soldiers and a Kuwaiti interpreter were killed in an ambush in southern Iraq. Thaer Ahmed, assistant director of Baghdad TV, was killed when a car bomb struck the television offices in Jami'a, in west Baghdad. 12 people were wounded. Police in west Baghdad found the bullet-riddled body of Khamael Muhsin, a famous television presenter during Saddam Hussein's rule. She was kidnapped two days ago. Gunmen killed 18 Iraqi, British and American soldiers in the past 24 hours in attacks in Baghdad, the southern oil hub of Basra and near the northern city of Mosul.
    (AP, 4/5/07)(Reuters, 4/5/07)(AP, 4/6/07)

2007        Apr 6, Iraq’s government it has ordered that senior officers of Saddam Hussein's military receive pensions and requested that lower-ranking soldiers serve again as part of a sectarian reconciliation plan. The decision was made last month. A suicide bomber driving a truck loaded with TNT and toxic chlorine gas crashed into a police checkpoint in western Ramadi, killing at least 27 people and wounding dozens. American troops swept into the troubled, predominantly Shiite city of Diwaniyah before dawn, killing three militia fighters and capturing 27 in the first day of an assault, named "Operation Black Eagle." In Baghdad, two American soldiers were killed and seven were wounded by two separate roadside bombs.
    (AP, 4/6/07)(AP, 4/7/07)

2007        Apr 7, US warplanes attacked suspected militiamen wielding shoulder-fired rockets in the second day of fierce fighting against Shiite gunmen south of Baghdad. At least one civilian was killed and five were seriously wounded when an American tank fired on their house in Diwaniyah. Iraqi troops killed Abu Baraa al-Libi, a Libyan al-Qaida figure, in a raid on his Baghdad hideout just before the man could detonate an explosives belt he was wearing. US forces also killed one suspect and captured 8 others in raids in Baghdad and south of Ramadi. A roadside bomb exploded next to a joint American-Iraqi army patrol on a highway leading into Annah, 175 miles northwest of Baghdad. Two Iraqi soldiers were killed and two were wounded. Police in Fallujah reported finding four bodies in the center of the city. Four American soldiers were killed in an explosion near their vehicle in Diyala province northeast of Baghdad. Duaa Khalil Aswad (17), a member of the insular Yazidi religious sect, was stoned to death for loving a Sunni Muslim boy [see April 22].
    (AP, 4/7/07)(AP, 4/8/07)(SFC, 5/22/07, p.A8)

2007        Apr 8, The renegade cleric Muqtada al-Sadr urged Iraqi forces to stop cooperating with the US and told his guerrilla fighters to concentrate their attacks on American troops rather than Iraqis. A pickup truck loaded with artillery shells exploded near a hospital in Mahmoudiyah, killing 17 Iraqis. US forces captured a senior al-Qaida leader and two others in a raid in Baghdad. 6 US soldiers were killed in a series of attack.
    (AP, 4/8/07)(AFP, 4/9/07)(SFC, 4/9/07, p.A5)

2007        Apr 9, Tens of thousands draped themselves in Iraqi flags and marched peacefully through the streets from Kufa to Najaf to mark the fourth anniversary of Baghdad's fall. Demonstrators were flanked by two cordons of police as they called for US forces to leave, shouting "Get out, get out occupier!" In southern Baghdad, a sniper killed a civilian and a policeman, and a mortar round killed one person and wounded two others. 4 US soldiers were killed, 3 by a roadside bomb and a secondary explosion in southeastern Baghdad and another in combat in western Anbar province.
    (AP, 4/9/07)(AP, 4/10/07)
2007        Apr 9, Japan lent some 850 million dollars to PM Nuri al-Maliki's government as the oil-hungry Asian power looked to boost output from the war-torn country. Iraqi PM Nouri al-Maliki met with Japan's Emperor Akihito and Empress Michiko, starting off a four-day visit that was delayed after Iran refused to allow his plane to fly over its airspace.
    (AP, 4/9/07)

2007        Apr 10, Iraq's prime minister began a visit to South Korea saying he wants to learn from the Asian nation's fast rise as an economic power. A woman with explosives hidden beneath her abaya detonated them in a crowd of about 200 police recruits in Muqdadiyah, killing at least 16 people. A battle in two Sunni enclaves left 20 suspected insurgents and 4 Iraqi soldiers dead, and 16 US soldiers wounded. A parked car bomb exploded at a checkpoint near Baghdad University, killing at least 6 people and wounding 11. A Katyusha rocket hit a basketball court at a boys school in eastern Baghdad, killing a 6-year-old boy and wounding 17 others. US troops began building a wall around a Sunni enclave in Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/10/07)(AP, 4/11/07)(AP, 4/21/07)

2007        Apr 11, The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) issued a new report titled "Civilians Without Protection: The Ever-worsening Humanitarian Crisis in Iraq." Maj. Gen. William Caldwell, the US military spokesman, said Iranian intelligence operatives have been training Iraqi fighters inside Iran on how to use and assemble deadly roadside bombs known as EFPs.
    (AP, 4/11/07)

2007        Apr 12, A suicide bomber blew himself up in the Iraqi parliament's cafeteria in the deadliest-ever attack in the American-guarded Green Zone. Mohammed Awad, a moderate Sunni lawmaker, was killed in the attack and 22 were wounded. The next day an insurgent umbrella group that includes al-Qaida in Iraq claimed one of its "knights" carried out the parliament suicide bombing. 11 civilians were killed in a bombing of Baghdad’s al-Sarafiya bridge. 7 were killed by a powerful suicide truck bomb, and 4 perished when their cars plummeted into the river. The bodies of radio newscaster and her husband were found in Mosul, three days after being kidnapped by gunmen.
    (AP, 4/13/07)

2007        Apr 13, Iraq's parliament met in an extraordinary session on a Friday, the Muslim day of prayer, and declared it would not bow to terrorism; a bouquet of red roses and a white lily sat in the place of a lawmaker killed in a parliament dining hall suicide bombing. A roadside bomb killed one policeman and wounded four others in southern Baghdad. US forces captured 14 suspected al-Qaida in Iraq members in raids.
    (AP, 4/13/07)(AP, 4/13/08)

2007        Apr 14, A car bomb blasted through a busy bus station near one of Iraq's holiest shrines, killing 47 people and over 200 wounded. The bombing occurred about 200 yards from the Imam Hussein shrine in Karbala. At least 16 children were among the dead. A suicide car bomb killed 10 people on Jadriyah bridge in downtown Baghdad, the second attack on a span over the Tigris river this week. 4 would-be suicide attackers were killed in Kirkuk when one of them detonated his explosives belt prematurely. 3 civilians and a policeman were killed in drive-by shootings in Fallujah and Hillah. American troops captured 17 suspected insurgents, including an alleged al-Qaida in Iraq member, during raids. Two US soldiers were killed.
    (AP, 4/14/07)(AP, 4/15/07)(AP, 4/17/07)

2007        Apr 15, Four bombs exploded in predominantly Shiite sections of Baghdad, killing at least 37 people in a renewal of sectarian carnage. Many women and children were among the casualties. North of Baghdad, two British helicopters crashed after an apparent mid-air collision, killing two service members. The number of bodies found dumped in Baghdad increased sharply to 30. The number of detainees held in US-run facilities in Iraq reached 18,000, with an average stay of one year.
    (AP, 4/15/07)(SSFC, 4/15/07, p.A7)(AP, 4/16/07)

2007        Apr 16, Six Iraqi cabinet ministers loyal to the radical Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr resigned to protest the prime minister's refusal to set a timetable for an American withdrawal. In Mosul a university dean, a professor, a policeman's son and 13 soldiers died near there in attacks that bore the marks of al-Qaida. In Ramadi US forces mistakenly killed three Iraqi police officers during a raid targeting al-Qaida in Iraq members. Thousands of Iraqis upset about poor city services marched peacefully through the streets of Basra, demanding the provincial governor's resignation. Nationwide, at least 51 people were killed or found dead. 3 US soldiers and two Marines were killed. One Marine died in a "non-hostile incident" while on patrol in western Anbar province.
    (AP, 4/16/07)(AP, 4/17/07)
2007        Apr 16, Four Iraqi men were blindfolded, shot in the head and dumped in a Baghdad canal. In 2008 the US Army charged 7 soldiers assigned to 1st Battalion, 18th Infantry Regiment, for their role in the alleged retribution killings. In August the Army held Article 32 hearings investigating the involvement of Staff Sgt. Jess Cunningham and Sgt. Charles Quigley in the incident. They have been charged with conspiracy to commit murder. In September, 2008, Spc. Belmor Ramos (23), of Clearfield, Utah, pleaded guilty to conspiracy to murder and was sentenced to seven months in prison and given a dishonorable discharge. Spc. Steven Ribordy (25) of Salina, Kansas, pleaded guilty on Oct 1, 2008, to charges of accessory to murder and was sentenced to eight months in prison. In 2008 Sgt. Michael P. Leahy Jr. (26) was court-martialed on charges of murder in the killings. Two remaining soldiers said to be involved in the incident, Sgt. John E. Hatley (40) and Sgt. 1st Class Joseph P. Mayo (27) faced charges of murder, conspiracy to commit murder and obstruction of justice. On Feb 20, 2009, Leahy was convicted of murder and sentenced to life in prison. In March 2009 Sgt. Mayo pleaded guilty to charges of premeditated murder and conspiracy and was sentenced to 35 years in prison. On April 15, 2009, John Hatley was convicted of murder. He was sentenced the next day to life in prison with the possibility of parole. In August the army reduced Hatley’s sentence to 40 years; the sentences against Leahy and Mayo were reduced to 20 years.
    (AP, 9/17/08)(AP, 9/18/08)(AP, 10/2/08)(AP, 11/12/08)(AP, 1/13/09)(AP, 2/20/09)(AP, 3/30/09)(AP, 4/16/09)(AP, 8/14/09)

2007        Apr 17, Iraqi PM Nouri al-Malaki said his government was talking with militant groups to try to stop the violence. Abu Omar al-Baghdadi, a top insurgent leader, boasted that his al-Qaida-linked group was now making its own rockets, posting the claim in an audiotape online. Al-Baghdadi's group posted a Web statement saying its religious court had condemned 20 kidnapped Iraqi soldiers to death. The deputy chief of Mosul police was killed in a drive-by shooting along with two of his guards. In Ramadi police uncovered 17 decomposing corpses beneath two school yards. More than 100 bodies turned up across Iraq.
    (AP, 4/17/07)(AP, 4/18/07)(WSJ, 4/18/07, p.A1)

2007        Apr 18, Iraq’s Pres. Maliki declared that Iraqi forces would take over security of the entire country by the end of this year. A few hours later a parked car bomb detonated in a crowd of workers at the Sadriyah market in central Baghdad, killing some 140 people and wounding 148 including men who were rebuilding the market after a Feb. 3 bombing left 137 dead. A suicide car bomber crashed into an Iraqi police checkpoint at an entrance to Sadr City killing at least 30 people, including five Iraqi security officers. A parked car exploded near a private hospital in the central neighborhood of Karradah, killing 11 people and wounding 13. A fourth explosion from a bomb left on a minibus in the northwestern Risafi area, killed four people and wounded six others. 4 policemen were killed when gunmen ambushed their patrol south of the city center. US troops killed five suspected insurgents and captured 30 others in a raid in Anbar province. A suspected insurgent was killed and eight captured in two raids north of Baghdad. More than 230 people died in one of the war's deadliest episodes of violence. Britain turned Maysan province over to Iraqi rule.
    (AP, 4/18/07)(AP, 4/19/07)(SFC, 4/19/07, p.A10)(Econ, 4/21/07, p.54)

2007        Apr 19, A Sunni insurgent coalition posted Web videos naming the head of al-Qaida in Iraq as "minister of war" and showing the execution of 20 men it said were members of the Iraqi military and security forces. A suicide bomber breached Baghdad's heavy security presence, killing at least 12 people and wounded 34 in a mostly Shiite district. A US Marine in a rocket attack on a base south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/19/07)(AP, 4/20/07)

2007        Apr 20, Clashes erupted between gunmen and US and Iraqi forces around a Shiite mosque in western Baghdad before Friday prayers, and two suspected insurgents were killed. US forces killed eight suspected insurgents and captured 41 in several raids across Iraq. A roadside bombing in Diwaniyah killed a Polish soldier.
    (AP, 4/20/07)(AP, 4/21/07)

2007        Apr 21, A wall US troops are building around a Sunni enclave in Baghdad came under increasing criticism, with residents calling it "collective punishment" and a local leader saying construction began without the neighborhood council's approval. A bomb left on a bus exploded in Baghdad's Sadr City neighborhood, killing at least three people. A roadside bomb killed the mayor of Musayyib. 2 bullet-riddled dead bodies were discovered in Musayyib. Gunmen stormed a house in Kirkuk killing a mother, father and their two teenage daughters. One American soldier was killed and two were wounded by a roadside bomb southwest of Baghdad. Sami Abdul-Amir al-Jumaili, the chairman of Fallujah's city council, an outspoken critic of al-Qaida who took the job in the former Sunni insurgent stronghold after his three predecessors were assassinated, was killed in a drive-by shooting.
    (AP, 4/21/07)

2007        Apr 22, PM Nouri al-Maliki, on a tour to ask the mostly Sunni-led governments of the Arab world to help his struggling government stop the violence in Iraq, received a strong endorsement from Egypt. Two suicide car bombers attacked a police station in Baiyaa, a mixed Sunni-Shiite area of western Baghdad, killing at least 19 people and turning nearby buildings into piles of rubble. A former member of Saddam Hussein's Baath Party was gunned down near his house in Fallujah. In Suwayrah three bodies were found floating in the Tigris River, blindfolded with the hands bound, and gunshots in the head and chest. The bodies of three brothers abducted six days ago in Mosul were also discovered. In Basra a suspect accused of attacks on British and Iraqi troops in the area was killed in a raid. Two of the man's brothers were arrested. Gunmen in northern Iraq stopped a bus filled with Christians and members of the tiny, mostly Kurdish, Yazidi religious sect, separating out the groups. 21 of the Yazidi passengers were killed. In Mahmoudiya US and Iraqi forces detained eight suspected insurgents and confiscated three caches of weapons during a raid on an apartment complex, including mortars, rockets and ammunition. The weapons appeared to be new and were stamped with recent dates and Iranian markings.
    (AP, 4/22/07)(SFC, 4/23/07, p.A7)(AP, 4/28/07)

2007        Apr 23, The American ambassador said the US would "respect the wishes" of the Iraqi government after the prime minister ordered a halt to construction of a three-mile wall separating a Sunni enclave from surrounding Shiite areas in Baghdad. A suicide attacker detonated his car in front of an office of the Kurdistan Democratic Party of Massoud Barzani. At least 10 people were killed and 20 wounded in the attack in Tal Uskuf. A suicide car bomb struck a restaurant near Ramadi killing at least 19 people and wounding 35. A suicide car bomber also struck a police station in Baqouba killing at least 10 people and wounding 23. In central Baghdad, a bomber wearing an explosives belt blew himself up in an Iraqi restaurant in the mixed Shiite-Sunni neighborhood of Karradah Mariam, killing at least seven people and wounding 16. Nearby a parked car bomb exploded in a parking lot, killing one civilian and wounding another. 9 US soldiers were killed and 20 wounded in a suicide car bombing against a patrol base in Diyala province. An al-Qaida-linked group posted a Web statement the next day claiming responsibility for a suicide truck bombing. A US soldier was also killed in a roadside bombing in Diyala.
    (AP, 4/23/07)(AP, 4/24/07)

2007        Apr 24, In Baghdad two bombs went off outside the Iranian Embassy for the second consecutive day. Six civilians were injured. In Diyala province gunmen disguised as Iraqi soldiers killed six Iraqis and burned five homes. South of Baghdad a family of seven was shot to death in their beds at dawn by masked gunmen. The Shaibah logistics base, once the main center of British military operations in Iraq, was turned over to the Iraqi national army on for use as a training base.
    (AP, 4/24/07)

2007        Apr 25, A UN report was released that said that violence in Baghdad remains at high levels. The UN Assistance Mission in Iraq singled out Kurdistan in its 10th human rights report on Iraq, expressing concern over infringements on freedom of expression by the regional government. A suicide bomber wearing a hidden belt of explosives attacked a police station in Iraq's volatile province of Diyala, killing at least four policeman. Roadside bombs, mortar rounds and drive-by shootings also killed 10 Iraqis and wounded 23 in the Baghdad area and the cities of Kirkuk, Mosul and Fallujah.
    (AP, 4/25/07)(AP, 4/26/07)

2007        Apr 26, A suicide car bomb attack on an Iraqi army checkpoint in northern Iraq killed 10 soldiers. 4 insurgents were killed as the US targeted suspected al-Qaida in Iraq militants near Taji. 2 women and 2 children were believed to have been killed during the fighting. 2 suicide bombers attacked an office of the Kurdistan Democratic Party of Massoud Barzani, leader of the autonomous Kurdish region in Iraq, killing three of its guards and wounding five. In central Baghdad, a roadside bomb missed a passing police patrol but killed 4 civilians and wounded 9. A parked car bomb exploded near Baghdad University, killing 6 civilians and wounding 18, including some students. US forces killed 3 insurgents during a gunbattle in the Shiite neighborhood Sadr City. The US military announced that Army Lt. Col. William H. Steele has been charged with nine offenses, including aiding the enemy. Violence in Iraq killed at least 72 people, including the bullet-riddled bodies of 27 men dumped in Baghdad, apparent victims of sectarian death squads.
    (AP, 4/26/07)(AP, 4/27/07)

2007        Apr 27, US-led forces detained nine suspected insurgents in raids aimed at al-Qaida in Iraq, including five in Mosul that has seen a recent rise in violence as militants fled there to escape a crackdown in Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/27/07)

2007        Apr 28, A parked car exploded near one of Shiite Islam's holiest shrines in the city of Karbala as people were headed to the area for evening prayers, killing 68 people and wounding dozens. In Baghdad gunmen opened fire on a vehicle in a Sunni-Shiite neighborhood, killing 4 of 7 people aboard. In western Baghdad, two mortar shells hit another residential area of poor, two-story homes, killing 3 Iraqi children, between the ages of 5 and 7, and wounding 10 Iraqis, including 3 children. US forces detained 17 suspected insurgents in raids targeting al-Qaida in Iraq. The Danish military announced that it has sent an unspecified number of special forces to Iraq to reinforce its 460-strong contingent near the southern city of Basra. A US soldier was slain by small arms fire during a patrol in eastern Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/28/07)(AP, 4/29/07)(AP, 4/30/07)

2007        Apr 29, American troops also detained 72 suspected insurgents and seized nitric acid and other bomb-making materials during raids targeting al-Qaida in Iraq in Anbar province. Britain said one of its soldiers was shot to death while on patrol in southern Iraq. In Basra 5 people were reported killed by an explosion. Iraqi police initially said it was a car bomb, but the British military said it appeared the blast accidentally occurred while explosives and weapons were being moved. A roadside bomb killed 3 American soldiers and an Iraqi interpreter on a combat patrol in eastern Baghdad. A Marine was killed during combat operations in Anbar province.
    (AP, 4/29/07)(AP, 4/30/07)

2007        Apr 30, A suicide car bomber apparently targeting an Interior Ministry convoy struck an Iraqi checkpoint near a busy square in the predominantly Sunni Arab area of Harthiyah in western Baghdad, killing 4 people and wounding 10. Some 50 gunmen attacked a police station in a mainly Sunni Arab area in the northern city of Mosul, prompting clashes as police chased the attackers through the streets. 4 gunmen were killed and two were detained, while one policeman was wounded. A parked car bomb struck a police patrol in the same area, killing one policeman and wounding two. A suicide bomber struck a crowd of funeral mourners north of Baghdad killing over 30 people. Nationwide at least 102 people were killed.
    (AP, 4/30/07)(SFC, 5/1/07, p.A12)

2007        May 1, Iraqi officials have received reports that Abu Ayyub al-Masri (aka Abu Hamza al-Muhajer), the leader of al-Qaida in Iraq, was killed by Sunni tribesmen, but the chief government spokesman said the information has not been confirmed. Deputy Prime Minister Barham Saleh said that al-Masri was believed to have been killed April 30 in the Taji area north of Baghdad. Gunmen ambushed travelers on a highway leading from Baghdad to Shiite areas to the south, killing 14 people. Mortar rounds slammed into an area near the Iraqi prime minister's office in the US-controlled Green Zone in Baghdad.
    (AP, 5/1/07)
2007        May 1, Pres. Bush cast the 2nd veto of his presidency rejecting an attempt by both chambers of Congress to set a timetable for bringing troops home from Iraq.
    (Econ, 5/5/07, p.36)

2007        May 2, Bombings and shootings killed 12 people across Iraq as nearly 4,000 American soldiers arrived in the capital to strengthen the 12-week crackdown aimed at quelling sectarian violence.
    (AP, 5/2/07)

2007        May 3, US-led forces conducting a crackdown on al-Qaida in Iraq killed Muharib Abdul-Latif al-Jubouri, described as al-Qaida's information minister. He was responsible for the high-profile kidnappings of several Westerners. Gunmen stormed the offices of an independent radio station in a predominantly Sunni area of Baghdad, killing two employees and wounding five before bombing the building and knocking the station off the air. Police in Fallujah found nine bullet-riddled bodies, four members of a Sunni tribe that recently joined an alliance against al-Qaida in Iraq and five found near the tax office. Gunmen stormed a market in Baqouba killing a plainclothes policeman after a militant read a death sentence issued by al-Qaida and two Shiite men. They then killed a policeman after he arrived at the scene to investigate.
    (AP, 5/3/07)(AP, 5/4/07)
2007        May 3, In Egypt a conference of nearly 50 nations opened at Sharm el-Sheik to rally international support, particularly from Arab nations, for an ambitious plan to stabilize Iraq. US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice met Syria's foreign minister in the first high-level talks between the two countries in years. Hours after the chief military spokesman in Iraq said Syria had moved to reduce "the flow of foreign fighters" across its border.
    (AP, 5/3/07)

2007        May 4, A roadside bomb killed five Iraqi policemen on a patrol in western Baghdad. US forces broke up a Shiite militant cell believed to be smuggling an armor-piercing Iranian weapon responsible for an increasing number of American and Iraqi deaths. 16 suspected militants were arrested in the Baghdad raid. 7 bodies were found floating in the Diyala River in Baqouba. The bullet-riddled bodies of five police officers, dressed in civilian clothes, were discovered outside the city of Beiji. The US military identified two more top al-Qaida aides killed during an operation earlier this week targeting Muharib Abdul-Latif al-Jubouri. A US soldier was killed and two were wounded when their patrol was hit by a roadside bomb south of Baghdad. A roadside bomb killed a US soldier and wounded four others in western Baghdad.
    (AP, 5/4/07)(AP, 5/5/07)(AP, 5/6/07)
2007        May 4, Assailants in western Baghdad looted and burned the building which housed independent Radio Dijla, founded by Ahmed Rikaby in 2004. The attack came one day after staffers fought off some 2 dozen gunmen. Staff moved to new quarters in Sulaymaniya and within 9 days resumed broadcasting.
    (SFC, 11/22/07, p.A25)

2007        May 5, Al-Qaida in Iraq released a recording purportedly of its leader, who had been reported killed in recent fighting, branding the country's Sunni vice president a "criminal" for participating in the government. A suicide bomber, meanwhile, struck an army recruitment center outside Baghdad, killing 15 people, among nearly 40 killed or found dead. Residents and police in a Shiite area in eastern Baghdad said US helicopters fired on three houses, killing six men and wounding a woman and five children. The US military said a helicopter supporting ground operations in the area came under fire but did not shoot back. Two US Marines were killed in fighting in Anbar province.
    (AP, 5/5/07)(AP, 5/6/07)

2007        May 6, A car bomb ripped through a wholesale food market in western Baghdad, flattening cars and shops and killing at least 30 people in the deadliest of a wave of attacks across Iraq that killed at least 95 people. A car bomb near the Ministry of Labor in Baghdad killed five people and wounded 10. Insurgents exploded another car bomb outside a police station in the Sunni town of Samarra, killing 12 officers and disabling the city’s water system. A few minutes later, militants in the town attacked a police checkpoint near the Askariya shrine, killing another police officer. US and Iraqi forces raided the Shiite neighborhood of Sadr City, uncovering a weapons cache, a torture room and killing at least eight insurgents in a gunbattle. In Diyala 6 US soldiers and a Russian photojournalist were killed when a massive bomb destroyed their vehicle. Two American soldiers died in separate bombings in Baghdad.
    (AP, 5/6/07)(AP, 5/7/07)(SFC, 5/7/07, p.A16)(SFC, 5/11/07, p.A18)

2007        May 7, Two suicide car bombers attacked a market and a police checkpoint on the outskirts of Ramadi, killing 13 people and dealing a blow to recent US success in reclaiming the Sunni city from insurgents. A mortar attack also killed five people and wounded two others in Baiyaa, a religiously mixed neighborhood in western Baghdad. Four Iraqi troops were killed in separate attacks in Baqouba. The bullet-riddled body of a policeman bearing signs of torture also was found outside Kirkuk. At least 68 people were killed or found dead nationwide including the bullet-riddled bodies of 30 men found in Baghdad.
    (AP, 5/7/07)

2007        May 8, A suicide car bomber flattened a restaurant in a busy market in the Shiite city of Kufa, killing at least 16 people, including women and children, and wounding 70. A roadside bomb went off next to a passing mini bus in the Shiite area of Zafaraniyah on the southeastern outskirts of Baghdad, killing three passengers and injuring five others. In Jalula a suicide bomber attacked a police station as the night-shift officers gathered in front of the building, preparing to go home. The explosion killed two policemen and wounded 20 others. The bullet-riddled bodies of six men, the apparent victims of sectarian violence, were found with their hands and legs bound and bearing marks of torture in an abandoned field in Baqouba. Also in Baqouba, 12 gunmen trying to rob a bank were confronted by Iraqi police, sparking a gunbattle that killed one police officer and wounded another. An Al-Qaida umbrella group threatened in a video to kill nine abducted Iraqi security officers in 72 hours unless their demands were met, including the release of all Sunni women from Iraqi prisons. An American soldier was killed and four others were wounded in a shooting attack in Diyala province. 2 children were among five people killed when a helicopter fired at militants operating an illegal checkpoint and planting a roadside bomb near Mandali.
    (AP, 5/8/07)(AP, 5/9/07)
2007        May 8, A newspaper owned by Saudi Arabia's royal family said one of seven recently exposed Saudi terrorist cells used Syria as a base for coordinating with al-Qaida in Iraq and held training camps in the desert of neighboring Yemen.
    (AP, 5/8/07)

2007        May 9, US VP Dick Cheney and Iraqi PM Nouri al-Maliki acknowledged problems in the pace of reducing violence in Iraq, but both pledged their governments would continue working together toward a solution. A majority of Iraqi lawmakers endorsed a draft bill calling for a timetable for the withdrawal of foreign troops and demanding a freeze on the number already in the country. A suicide truck bomb ripped through the Interior Ministry headquarters in the Kurdish city of Irbil, killing at least 14 people and wounding dozens. Four Iraqi journalists were killed in a drive-by shooting near the northern oil-rich city of Kirkuk. Gunmen killed two members of the minority Yazidi religious sect and wounded another in a drive-by shooting in Mosul. A car bomb exploded near an Iraqi military checkpoint in Baghdad, killing one civilian and wounding two soldiers. Police found four decapitated heads in the Sabtiyah area north of Baqouba. The body of a security officer was found shot in the head and chest in Diwaniyah. 72 people killed or found dead nationwide.
    (AP, 5/9/07)(AP, 5/10/07)

2007        May 10, US-led forces conducted a raid in the Baghdad neighborhood of Sadr City, killing three militants as they tried to break up a cell accused of smuggling weapons from Iran to fight US forces. Iraqi police and medical officials said the airstrike damaged three houses and killed eight civilians and wounded nine others. 2 gunmen on a motorcycle killed an Iraqi military intelligence officer as he drove through Diwaniyah. Iraqi police discovered two bodies, bound, blindfolded and shot, floating in a river in Mahaweel. Two other bodies of police officers, one of them a colonel, were found in Mosul. An al-Qaida front organization posted a video showing the killings of nine Iraqi security officers who were lined up blindfolded with their hands bound behind them and shot in the back of the head. An explosion in Diyala province killed one US soldier and wounded nine others. One US soldier was killed and two others were wounded when an improvised explosive device detonated on their patrol in eastern Baghdad. One soldier was shot dead in combat security operations in south Baghdad. Another, from the military police, died of his wounds after being hit by gunfire in Diwaniyah.
    (AP, 5/10/07)(AP, 5/11/07)

2007        May 11, Iraq's Kurdish president said his country may need American troops for one or two more years. US-led forces targeting car bombing networks across Iraq killed four suspected insurgents and detained nine others in a series of raids. Two suicide car bombers struck police checkpoints near bridges in a predominantly Shiite area of Baghdad, killing at least 12 people. Near Iskandariyah US snipers killed Genei Nasir al-Janabi in an effort to hide their presence. On June 30 Staff Sgt. Michael A. Hensley from Candler, N.C., and Spc. Jorge G. Sandoval from Laredo, Texas, were charged with the premeditated murder of three Iraqis. A 3rd soldier Sgt. Evan Vela, of Phoenix, Idaho, was similarly charged the next day. In 2008 Sgt. Vela was found guilty on all charges.
    (AP, 5/11/07)(AP, 7/3/07)(AP, 2/10/08)

2007        May 12, Abdul-Aziz al-Hakim, the leader of Iraq's largest Shiite political party, called for a "security agreement" to be negotiated between Iraq and US-led forces to outline the authorities of each side in a further indication of growing frustration over America's role in Iraq. Iraq's parliament objected to the construction of walls around Baghdad neighborhoods and called on PM Nouri al-Maliki to testify about other security issues. 4 Americans and an Iraqi interpreter were killed. 3 soldiers were captured south of Baghdad. The body of Pfc. Joseph Anzack Jr. (20) of Torrance, Calif., was found a year later in the Euphrates River. The bodies of Pvt. Byron W. Fouty (19) of Waterford, Mich., and Army Sgt. Alex Jimenez (25), of Lawrence, Mass., were found in July, 2008.
    (AP, 5/12/07)(AP, 5/12/07)(AP, 5/12/08)(AP, 7/11/08)

2007        May 13, A suicide truck bomber crashed into the offices of a Kurdish political party, killing at least 50 people, including the police chief, and wounding scores. Another bombing at a market in Baghdad killing at least 17 people and wounding 46. Iraqi gunmen drove into the Diyala capital of Baqouba, pulled two handcuffed men out of the trunk and shot them to death, one in view of a bustling market and the other near a movie theater. Three other civilians also were killed execution-style in a market in the city center. Five civilians were killed execution style on the streets of Baquoba by gunmen who appeared to be accusing them of collaborating with the US-led coalition. Gunmen apparently disguised as Iraqi soldiers broke into the house of a Sunni family at the Shiite-dominated al-Wihda district, killing two men and wounding four others, included a 6-year-old child. In all at least 126 people were killed.
    (AP, 5/13/07)(AP, 5/14/07)(SFC, 5/14/07, p.A1)
2007        May 13, The US said it is willing to talk to Iran if discussions deal only with Iraq, where the Bush administration says Tehran is undermining the Baghdad government and exporting deadly roadside bombs. Iran's foreign ministry spokesman said that Tehran has agreed to a formal request from the US to talk about security in Iraq. Vice President Dick Cheney held talks with Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak toward the end of a regional tour, focusing on ways to stem chaos in Iraq and on Iran's impact on security in the Gulf.
    (AP, 5/13/07)

2007        May 14, Iraqi and US forces also exchanged fire with gunmen near Youssifiyah during the house-to-house search operation for 3 missing American soldiers, killing two suspected insurgents and injuring four others. Gunmen opened fire on a police checkpoint in Baqouba killing three policemen and two civilians. Mortar rounds struck an outdoor market in Baghdad killing 3 people. In Suwayrah police dragged two unidentified, bullet-riddled bodies of a man and a women in their 40s from the Tigris River. A roadside bomb near the southern city of Basra also killed one Danish soldier and wounded five. 2 US soldiers on a foot patrol southeast of Baghdad were shot to death. Five US troops were killed in attacks in Baghdad and surrounding areas, while another soldier died of non-combat related causes.
    (AP, 5/14/07)(AP, 5/14/07)

2007        May 15, In Iraq’s Diyala province about 50 suspected insurgents attacked a village north of Baghdad, killing five civilians and wounding 14. Two bombs hidden in plastic bags exploded in shops in central Baghdad, killing at least seven people and wounding 17. A parked car bomb exploded near a market in a Shiite enclave northeast of the capital, killing at least 32 people and wounding 50. Hospital officials and wounded victims said chlorine gas may have been used in the attack, but police denied that.
    (AP, 5/15/07)(AP, 5/16/07)

2007        May 16, In southern Iraq clashes broke out in the mostly Shiite city of Nasiriyah, when a militia fought with police there after they arrested two wanted militia members, police said. Nine Iraqis were killed and 75 wounded. At least nine apparent mortar rounds slammed into the US-controlled Green Zone, wounding at least six people, the second such attack in as many days.
    (AP, 5/16/07)

2007        May 17, Across Iraq at least 58 Iraqis were killed or found dead in bombings, shootings and mortar attacks. They included 42 bullet-riddled bodies of apparent victims of so-called sectarian death squads. Three American soldiers were killed and another was wounded in a roadside bombing south of Baghdad. Mortar rounds hit a US Air Force base north of Baghdad, destroying one helicopter and damaging nine others.
    (AP, 5/17/07)

2007        May 18, About 50 suspected insurgents attacked a US base in the center of Baqouba, sparking a battle with US soldiers and helicopters that left at least six militants dead. In Baghdad two Iraqi journalists working for ABC News were slain as they drove home from work. A suicide car bomber hit a police patrol in the Sunni-dominated town of Jurf al-Sakhar, killing three officers and wounding two. In Kirkuk drive-by shooters killed an Iraqi army officer as he was heading to work. A 24-hour curfew remained in place in Mosul for a third day. It was imposed after insurgents used five suicide vehicle bombs, mortars and small arms fire to destroy two bridges and attack a police station and a jail where suspected insurgents were being held. The attacks killed 15 insurgents, 10 Iraqi policemen, one Iraqi soldier and one civilian. US forces on a raid in northern Baghdad killed Azhar al-Dulaimi, a Shiite militant believed to have masterminded a brazen January attack in Karbala that led to the capture and killing of four US soldiers. 7 US soldiers died in Iraq; 3 were killed when their vehicle was bit by a bomb northeast of Baghdad, one in the western province of Anbar, one by small arms fire south of the capital and two by a roadside bomb and small arms fire in northwestern Baghdad.
    (AP, 5/18/07)(AFP, 5/19/07)(AP, 5/21/07)

2007        May 19, Gunmen wearing Iraqi army uniforms entered a village east of Baghdad, rousted families from their homes and opened fire on the men, killing 15 men and one woman. Shiite militiamen from the Mahdi Army traded gunfire with Iraqi soldiers in southwestern Baghdad's Baiyaa district, killing one of the soldiers. In Tikrit police received the bodies of seven men killed in clashes the night before in Samarra. Outgoing British PM Tony Blair arrived in Baghdad on a farewell visit, and three mortar shells or rockets slammed into the Green Zone where he met with Iraq's leaders. One US soldier died from a roadside bomb south of Baghdad. Six American soldiers and their translator died in a bombing in western Baghdad. Another US soldier was killed and two were wounded when a blast struck their vehicle near Diwaniyah. At least one US soldier was killed and four wounded as insurgents attacked the searchers for 3 missing comrades with guns, mortars and bombs.
    (AP, 5/19/07)(AFP, 5/19/07)(AP, 5/20/07)

2007        May 20, A suicide bomber exploded a tanker truck near an Iraqi police checkpoint outside a market west of Baghdad, killing at least two officers and injuring nine people. A bomb planted under a parked car exploded in the central Baghdad neighborhood of Bab al-Sharji, near the Zahraa Shiite mosque. The blast killed two civilians, wounded 10. A mortar shell landed in a commercial area in central Baghdad, killing one person and wounding three.
    (AP, 5/20/07)

2007        May 21, Gunmen in two cars attacked a minibus outside Hibhib, Diyala Province, killing 7 passengers, including a child. In western Baghdad, a roadside bomb exploded near a group of Iraqi soldiers patrolling the Sunni-dominated Adil neighborhood in western Baghdad, killing three of the soldiers and injuring two. The Iraqi newspaper Azzaman reported that one of its reporters, Ali Khalil (22), was kidnapped while leaving a relative's house in the increasingly volatile Baiyaa neighborhood of Baghdad and found dead several hours later. Two gunmen killed two police officers as they walked by the police station in Muqdadiyah. In Basra gunmen killed one police officer and wounding another in an attack on their patrol. A British soldier and a civilian driver were killed when a supply convoy was attacked in the center of Basra.
    (AP, 5/21/07)(AP, 5/22/07)

2007        May 22, A car bomb exploded at an outdoor market in a Shiite area of Baghdad, killing 25 people and wounding at least 60. Gunmen in two cars drove through the nearby Khadra neighborhood and ambushed a civilian car carrying three plainclothes police from the major crimes unit, killing two and wounding the third. A police officer was killed when a roadside bomb exploded next to a police patrol driving through eastern Baghdad. Gunmen disguised as soldiers set up a fake checkpoint and stopped a minibus bringing college students to the Shiite neighborhood of Sadr City. The militants killed 8 of the students and wounded three others. At another fake checkpoint near Baqouba gunmen killed six people from one family, a woman, her 5-year-old son and four men and stole their car. 2 mortar shells slammed into a teacher's college affiliated with Baghdad University, killing three students and injuring seven. In the Baghdad neighborhood of Dora, a sniper shot two civilians, killing one and wounding the other. At least 100 Iraqis were killed or found dead nationwide. They included 33 people found shot execution-style, presumably by sectarian death squads, and their bodies scattered across Baghdad. US soldiers and two Marines were killed in separate attacks. A US soldiers was killed in a roadside bomb attack near Tikrit.
    (AP, 5/22/07)(AP, 5/23/07)(Reuters, 5/25/07)

2007        May 23, An Iraqi intelligence officer alleged in a published report that 70% percent of insurgents fighting in Iraq come from Gulf countries via Syria where they are provided with forged passports. A suicide bomber walked into a packed market café in the town of Mandali,  and blew himself up, killing 15 people and wounding 20 others. A suicide bomber (17) blew himself up in the house of two brothers who were supporting a Sunni alliance opposed to al Qaida in the Anbar province, killing 10 people, including the men, their wives and their children. A parked car bomb exploded in a parking lot in Jbala, killing three civilians and wounding 15 others. Gunmen drove into a commercial area in central Baghdad and opened fire on shops, killing four civilians and injuring 14 others. US-led forces discovered a cache of Iranian money and bomb-making equipment during a raid in the Shiite neighborhood of Sadr City in Baghdad. Two suspected militants were killed in the raid and 19 others detained. At least 104 people were killed in sectarian violence or found dead, including 32 who died in suicide bombings. US authorities examined a body found in a river south of Baghdad and identified it as Pfc. Joseph Anzack Jr., one of three US soldiers seized in an ambush on May 12. 2 US soldiers were killed during combat operations in Anbar province.
    (AP, 5/23/07)(AP, 5/24/08)
2007         May 23, President Bush, speaking at the US Coast Guard commencement, portrayed the Iraq war as a battle between the US and al-Qaida and contended that Osama bin Laden was setting up a terrorist cell in Iraq to strike targets in America.
    (AP, 5/23/08)

2007        May 24, A car bomb targeting a funeral procession in the turbulent city of Fallujah killed at least 26 people. The funeral was being held for Alaa Zuwaid (60), a restaurant owner who was part of a tribe that had formed an alliance with other tribal leaders against al-Qaida. Zuwaid was killed earlier Thursday in the day unknown militants shot him in front of his house. In Sulaiman Bek, 75 miles south of Kirkuk, a roadside bomb hit an Iraqi police convoy and killed six police officers. A suicide bomber detonated a bomb aboard a minibus driving through Baghdad, killing three civilians and injuring eight others. 5 US soldiers were killed in four separate attacks across Iraq, most of them by roadside bombs.
    (AP, 5/22/07)(Reuters, 5/25/07)
2007        May 24, The US Congress passed a spending bill, providing $95 billion for the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. Pres. Bush signed the bill the next day.
    (AP, 5/26/07)

2007        May 25, Radical Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr appeared in public for the first time in months, delivering a fiery anti-American sermon to thousands of followers and demanding US troops leave Iraq. Gunmen in a speeding car shot and killed a police officer as he was leaving his house in the Shiite-dominated al-Wihda district, 20 miles south of Baghdad. In al-Wijaihiya, about 60 miles northeast of Baghdad, a gunbattle between residents of a Sunni village and their rivals in a neighboring Shiite village, killed two people and injured five others. 6 mortar rounds hit houses in western Baghdad, killing one person. The notorious leader of al-Sadr's Mahdi Army militia in the city of Basra was killed in a shootout as British and Iraq troops tried to arrest him. Wissam al-Waili (23), also known as Abu Qadir, was shot and killed along with his brother and two aides.
    (AP, 5/25/07)(AP, 5/26/07)

2007        May 26, Iraqi PM Nouri al-Maliki, US Ambassador Ryan Crocker and American Cmdr. Gen. David Petraeus flew to Iraq's blistering western desert in a rare joint outing to highlight gains there in the fight against insurgents. American forces raided Sadr City stronghold and killed five suspected militia fighters in air strikes. In Basra 5 Mahdi Army fighters were killed and 15 wounded. The US military reported the deaths of 8 US troops.
    (AP, 5/26/07)(AP, 5/27/07)(AP, 5/26/08)

2007        May 27, Iraqi and US troops raided Baghdad's Sadr City slum, targeting Shiite insurgent cells there for a second day. British forces in the south killed three Shiite militants in overnight fighting. Iraqi and US forces freed 42 kidnapped Iraqis, some of whom had been hung from ceilings and tortured for months, in a raid on an al-Qaida hideout north of Baghdad. In Kut, 100 miles southeast of Baghdad, 70 police officers resigned and handed over their weapons. They cited their fears of being targeted by Mahdi Army militants. Gunmen in two cars threw concussion grenades at a popular market in northern Baghdad and then opened fire at shoppers, killing one person and injuring 8 others. Later, the same gunmen ambushed a minibus, killing the driver, stealing the vehicle and abducting six passengers. Gunmen shot up the car of Lt. Col. Hiyis al-Jubouri, a police commander in the northern Salahuddin province, killing him and another police officer. Gunmen attacked a group of farmers in the al-Nahrawan district, 10 miles east of Baghdad, killing two and injuring nine.
    (AP, 5/27/07)(AP, 5/28/07)

2007        May 28, The US and Iran broke a 27-year diplomatic freeze with a four-hour meeting about Iraqi security. The American envoy said there was broad policy agreement, but that Iran must stop arming and financing militants who are attacking US and Iraqi forces. The Iranian ambassador later said the two sides would meet again in less than a month. Abdul-Rahman al-Essawi, an Iraqi journalist, was shot to death along with his wife, son, parents and three other relatives. A suicide car bomber struck a busy commercial district in central Baghdad, killing at least 21 people and damaging a Sunni shrine. In central Baghdad a battle raged after insurgents hijacked two buses and kidnapped at least 15 passengers. At least 3 policemen were killed. A roadside bomb killed 2 people and injured 9 when it detonated under a parked car in the central Baghdad district of Bab al-Muadham. Another 2 people were killed and 6 were wounded after two mortar rounds slammed into a street in Karrada, a Shiite-dominated neighborhood in downtown Baghdad. 36 people were killed across Baghdad in a wave of attacks. Another 33 bullet-riddled bodies were dead, tortured and abandoned in different parts of the capital. 10 American soldiers were killed in roadside bombings and a helicopter crash in Diyala province.
    (AP, 5/28/07)(AP, 5/29/07)(AP, 5/30/07)

2007        May 29, In Iraq 5 British men were pulled out of a Finance Ministry office by about 40 heavily armed men in police uniforms in broad daylight and driven in a convoy of 19 four-wheel-drive vehicles toward Sadr City. Management consultant Peter Moore and four of his security guards were seized. In 2008 a Shiite militia that claimed responsibility for the kidnapping said a hostage named Jason had committed suicide on May 25. The bodies of Alec MacLachlan (30), Jason Swindlehurst (38), and Jason Creswell (39) were handed over to British officials in 2009. Moore was released on Dec 30, 2009. The body of Alan McMenemy was returned in early 2012. Two car bombers hit neighborhoods on opposite sides of the Tigris River, killing 40 people and wounding more than 100 others. 3 German computer consultants were kidnapped from an Iraqi Finance Ministry office in Baghdad. Gunmen in Samarra set up fake checkpoints on the outskirts of the city and abducted more than 40 people, most of them soldiers, police officers and members of two tribes that had banded together against local insurgents. Col. Hamid Ibrahim al-Jazaa, a Sunni police chief praised by US forces for clearing his city of insurgents, was arrested following an investigation into alleged murder, corruption and crimes against the Iraqi people. Al-Jazaa, his brother and 14 bodyguards were taken into custody in the city of Hit. One US soldier died of wounds from a roadside bomb attack northwest of Baghdad.
    (AP, 5/29/07)(AP, 5/30/07)(AP, 5/31/07)(AP, 7/20/08)(AP, 7/29/09)(AP, 12/30/09)(AFP, 1/20/12)

2007        May 30, Hundreds of Iraqi and US troops cordoned off sections of Baghdad's Sadr City slum and conducted a series of raids after five British citizens were abducted from a nearby government building. 2 civilians were killed and four others injured in crossfire from gunbattles that broke out in one of the raids. Several mortar rounds apparently targeting an American military base in Fallujah missed their mark and landed instead on a courthouse and in a residential neighborhood, killing 9 civilians and wounding 15 others. A police commander's convoy was struck by a roadside bomb in Hamzah, south of Baghdad, killing two guards and injuring two others. Gunmen in 3 cars ambushed 3 soldiers who had stopped to drink orange juice in the center of Karbala, and stole the nearly $396,000 in salaries they were transporting to their unit. In Amarah gunmen mowed down Nazar Abdul-Wahid (33), an Iraqi journalist, as he stood on a city street. Over 25 people were killed across Iraq and the bodies of 25 men, all shot to death, were found in different parts of Baghdad. 3 US soldiers were killed in a roadside bombings in Baghdad.
    (AP, 5/30/07)(AP, 5/31/07)(SFC, 5/31/07, p.A12)(AP, 6/2/07)

2007        May 31, Lt. Gen. Raymond Odierno, the No. 2 US commander in Iraq, said that US military officers were talking with Iraqi militants, excluding al-Qaida, about cease-fires and other arrangements to try to stop the violence. Saif M. Fakhry (26), an Associated Press Television News cameraman, was shot twice and killed in Baghdad while walking to a mosque near his home on his day off. A suicide bomber hit a police recruiting center in Fallujah, killing as many as 25 people. The US military said only one policeman was killed and eight were wounded.
    (AP, 6/1/07)(AP, 5/31/07)

2007        Jun 1, In Iraq an al-Qaida-linked suicide bomber blew himself up in a house sheltering members of the rival 1920 Revolution Brigades, killing two of the other militants and wounding four in Baqouba. American troops killed 3 children near Fallujah when a US tank opened fire on suspected insurgents believed to be planting roadside bombs. A US soldier on a foot patrol was killed after approaching two suspicious men outside a mosque, one of whom blew himself up.
    (AP, 6/1/07)(AP, 6/3/07)(SSFC, 6/3/07, p.A23)

2007        Jun 2, A series of mortar barrages killed 8 civilians and wounded 25 others in a Sunni enclave surrounded by Shiite areas in central Baghdad. A key bridge was damaged by a bomb in northern Iraq. Prominent Sunni sheik, Ali Khudir al-Zind, was killed in a drive-by shooting as he walked near his home in western Baghdad. Gunmen opened fire in two separate locations in western Baghdad, killing three people. Police found two bullet-riddled bodies of people who had been bound and blindfolded and showed signs of torture. Four men were killed and one vehicle and 10 rockets destroyed by Apache fire at rocket firing positions aimed at the Green Zone. 6 suspects were captured by ground forces. Gunmen at a fake checkpoint in Baqouba killed two passengers and wounded eight others when they opened fire on three minibuses that sought to flee from the highway trap. Police found 8 unidentified bodies in an industrial area of the western city of Fallujah. In all at least 57 people were killed of found dead including 26 bullet riddled bodies, bearing signs of torture, found on the streets of Baghdad. US-led forces killed one suspected insurgent and detained eight in a series of raids outside the capital. 7 US soldiers were killed in a series of attacks across Iraq.
    (AP, 6/2/07)(AP, 6/3/07)(SSFC, 6/3/07, p.A23)(AP, 6/4/07)

2007        Jun 3, A car parked near a police station and an open-air market exploded in Balad Ruz, northeast of Baghdad, killing nine civilians and one policeman and wounding 25 other people. Elsewhere in Diyala province gunmen stopped a commuter minibus and raked its passengers with gunfire, killing five people and injuring seven. American helicopter gunships attacked targets in Mahdi Army-dominated Shiite east Baghdad, killing four suspected militants. Mahdi Army militiamen battled with Iraqi troops and local police searching for two militia leaders in the southern city of Diwaniyah. At least three people were killed and 24 wounded. 4 US soldiers died in a single roadside bombing northwest of Baghdad. Two other soldiers were killed and five were wounded along with an Iraqi interpreter in two separate roadside bombings.
    (AP, 6/3/07)(AP, 6/4/07)

2007        Jun 4, The NY Times said US-led forces have control of fewer than one-third of Baghdad's neighborhoods despite thousands of extra troops nearly four months into a security crackdown. Insurgents posted a video claiming to have killed the 3 US soldiers who went missing May 12. The body of Pfc. Joseph Anzack Jr. was later recovered; a year later Spc. Alex Jimenez and Pvt. Byron Fouty remained missing. Iraqi police said at least 6 people were killed and 14 were wounded in 3 separate bombings in Baghdad. At least 16 other people were killed or found dead in attacks elsewhere, including a pregnant woman who died in a mortar barrage targeting a US base in Fallujah.
    (AP, 6/4/07)(SFC, 6/5/07, p.A13)(AP, 6/4/08)

2007        Jun 5, Alert guards gunned down a black-clad woman at a police recruiting station in Baghdad, a would-be suicide bomber who then exploded before their eyes. Another bomber in Amiriyah killed at least 15 people at a gathering of tribal leaders opposed to al-Qaida in the volatile Anbar province. Gunmen assassinated a local leader of Muqtada al-Sadr's radical Shiite Muslim faction south of Baghdad, and to the north insurgents ambushed an Iraqi army vehicle, killing an undetermined number of soldiers. Police Maj. Enad Khattab was shot and killed along with his brother as they drove in central Beiji about 155 miles north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/5/07)(AP, 6/6/07)(WSJ, 6/6/07, p.A1)

2007        Jun 6, Car bombings shook the streets leading to Baghdad's most revered Shiite Muslim shrine, and police reported at least seven people were killed and 27 others wounded. Assassins killed a police official and an aide to Iraq's pre-eminent Shiite cleric. A Sunni insurgent group said it has reached a cease-fire with al-Qaida in Iraq. 4 US soldiers were killed in separate incidents over the last 2 days.
    (AP, 6/6/07)(AP, 6/7/07)

2007        Jun 7, A suicide bomber blew up his explosives-laden truck at a police station in Rabia, near Iraq's border with Syria, killing at least 4 policemen and 5 civilians, and wounding 22 other people. In Ramadi 3 policemen were killed and four others wounded when a suicide driver blew up his automobile at their checkpoint. In Baghdad's eastern Sadr City district, a bomb beneath a parked car exploded at lunchtime outside a falafel restaurant. At least three people were killed and eight wounded. Mortar shells landing in two districts of western Baghdad killed two civilians and wounded 12 others. An Iraqi journalist was shot to death while she was waiting for a taxi in the northern city of Mosul. Iraq's bombings, shootings, mortar attacks and execution-style killings left at least 63 Iraqis dead nationwide. They included 32 unidentified men who were handcuffed, blindfolded and shot to death in Baghdad, apparent victims of so-called sectarian death squads usually run by Shiite militias.
    (AP, 6/7/07)(AP, 6/8/07)
2007        Jun 7, It was reported that US prosecutors have opened an inquiry into allegations that a Kuwaiti contractor used foreign workers against their will in building the US Embassy in Baghdad.
    (WSJ, 6/7/07, p.A1)

2007        Jun 8, Carloads of attackers descended on a police chief's house outside Baqouba at dawn, killing the official's wife, two brothers and 11 guards, and kidnapping three of his grown children. A parked minibus exploded at a bus terminal in the town of Qurnah, and a hospital director said at least 16 people were killed and 32 wounded. Bombings struck a Shiite mosque in a town near the oil-rich city of Kirkuk, killing at least 13 people and wounding 14. Unknown gunmen speeding by in the northern city of Kirkuk shot and killed a soldier, Adnan Mahmoud, as he drove with his 2-year-old daughter. The child also was killed.
    (AP, 6/7/07)

2007        Jun 9, An apparent rocket attack at the US-run Camp Bucca detention facility in southern Iraq killed at least six detainees and wounded 50. 2 suicide bombers on foot blew themselves up at a police checkpoint at an intersection in Baqouba, killing a policeman and wounding three. A suicide car bomber driving a tanker truck struck an Iraqi army checkpoint at Iskandariyah, killing at least 13 soldiers. Gunmen in a speeding car opened fire on police on a foot patrol in Baghdad, killing one officer and wounding another. A parked car exploded as a police patrol drove by in a mostly Shiite neighborhood in Baghdad, killing two people and wounding 7. Clashes between American troops and Shiite militia left at least 5 people dead. An American soldier was killed by small-arms fire in Diyala province. The identification cards of two American soldiers missing since an attack on their unit in May were found in an al-Qaida safe house north of Baghdad, along with video production equipment, computers and weapons.
    (AP, 6/9/07)(AP, 6/10/07)(AP, 6/16/07)

2007        Jun 10, In northern Iraq a suicide truck bomber struck an Iraqi police agency in Tikrit, killing at least 10 people. A roadside bomb struck a police patrol near a gas station in Balad Ruz, killing one policeman and wounding 6 other people. A suicide car bomber smashed into a police patrol about 12 miles south of the provincial capital of Baqouba, killing two policemen and wounding 3. A village police chief northeast of Baqouba was abducted by gunmen who ambushed his car. Gunmen elsewhere in Diyala province killed two policemen and a civilian in separate attacks in a Shiite enclave A roadside bomb killed a US airman and wounded another in southern Iraq. A suicide strike on a vital bridge outside Baghdad killed 3 American soldiers guarding the span.
    (AP, 6/10/07)(AP, 6/11/07)

2007        Jun 11, The Iraqi Parliament voted in a closed session to remove the speaker after a series of embarrassing scandals involving the lawmaker. Mahmoud al-Mashhadani will be replaced by another Sunni Arab. Treasury chief Gordon Brown, Britain's next prime minister met with Iraqi leaders in a surprise visit following promises to study his country's participation in the conflict. A parked truck bomb destroyed a bridge carrying traffic over the Diyala River in Baqouba. At least 11 Iraqis were killed in attacks.
    (AP, 6/11/07)(AP, 6/12/07)

2007        Jun 12, Fierce clashes broke out between joint US-Iraqi forces and al-Qaida militants in Baqouba, leaving two Iraqi soldiers and six militants dead. Suspected Sunni insurgents bombed and badly damaged a span over the main north-south highway leading from Baghdad, the third bridge attack in as many days. Gunmen stormed the house of the Sunni mayor of Muqdadiyah, forcing the family members outside, then blowing up the house. The al-Qaida front group Islamic State in Iraq posted a video showing what it said were 14 captive members of the Iraqi security forces and threatening to kill them in 72 hours if their demands were not met. At least 45 people were killed or found dead including 9 soldiers and civilians in clashes and drive-by shootings.
    (AP, 6/12/07)(SFC, 6/13/07, p.A10)

2007        Jun 13, The UN Security Council agreed to an Iraqi request to extend the mandate of the US-led multinational force after the country's foreign minister said the troops were "vitally necessary." Saboteur bombers destroyed the two minarets of the Shiite Askariya Shrine in Samarra. In Baghdad the 30 members of the Sadrist bloc in parliament issued a statement saying they were boycotting parliament until the government takes "realistic" steps to rebuild the Askariya shrine. The mosque contains the tombs of the 10th and 11th imams, Ali al-Hadi, who died in 868, and his son, Hassan Askariya, who died in 874. Both are descendants of the Prophet Muhammad, and Shiites consider them to be among his successors. In Basra four people were killed and six wounded in attacks on the Kawaz, Othman, al-Abayshi and Basra Grand mosques. Four Sunni mosques near Baghdad also were attacked or burned within several hours of the Samarra bombings. A suicide bomber blew himself up at a police station in a town near the Iranian border, killing five Iraqi policemen and wounding 10. In Ramadi a suicide bomber killed four policemen at a checkpoint. Near Kirkuk militants blew up part of a bridge in the country's 4th attack on a span in as many days. A US soldier died in a non-combat related incident.
    (AP, 6/13/07)(AP, 6/14/07)(AP, 6/15/07)

2007        Jun 14, A handful of Sunni mosques were attacked or burned, but curfews and increased troop levels kept Iraq in relative calm a day after suspected al-Qaida bombers toppled the towering minarets of a prized Shiite shrine. Attackers broke into the Hateen mosque in Iskandariyah and planted bombs inside. Gunmen armed with rocket-propelled grenades attacked the Talha Bin al-Zubair shrine about 13 miles outside Basra. They returned early the next day, planting bombs inside the structure that destroyed it. Insurgents linked to al-Qaida released a videotape showing the execution-style deaths of 14 Iraqi soldiers and policemen after the expiration of a 72-hour deadline for the Iraqi government to meet their demands. 3 US soldiers were killed when a bomb exploded near their vehicle during operations in Kirkuk province. A 4th soldier was killed by small arms fire in Diyala province.
    (AP, 6/14/07)(AP, 6/15/07)

2007        Jun 15, The US launched a large offensive operation in several al-Qaida strongholds around Baghdad. The remains of 13 members of an Iraqi taekwondo team kidnapped last year were found near the main highway leading to Jordan. US attack helicopters killed four suspects and wounded three in operations south of Baghdad. An American soldier was killed in a roadside bombing in southern Baghdad and an Ohio National Guard pilot was killed when his F-16 fighter crashed shortly after takeoff from Balad Air Base in central Iraq.
    (AP, 6/15/07)(AP, 6/16/07)(AP, 6/17/07)

2007        Jun 16, In Iraq bombers loaded into pickup trucks pulled up to the al-Ashrah al-Mubashra mosque in Basra's al-Hakimiya district. Minutes after they left, a huge explosion tore through the building, leveling it. A British soldier died after a road accident in southern Iraq.
    (AP, 6/16/07)

2007        Jun 17, Baghdad sprang to life after a four-day curfew to thwart violence following a provocative attack on a Shiite shrine. A car bomb killed two Kurdish security agents in Iraq's oil-rich northern city of Kirkuk. A roadside bomb went off next to an Iraqi police patrol in Nasiriyah, wounding two policemen. US attack helicopters killed four suspects and wounded three in operations south of Baghdad. A US soldier was killed by a roadside bomb while on a foot patrol in Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/17/07)(AP, 6/18/07)

2007        Jun 18, Iraqi and US forces began major military operations to the north and south of Baghdad. PM Nouri al-Maliki fired the Basra police chief over his force's failure to stop weekend attacks on Sunni mosques in Iraq's second-largest city. In southern Baghdad, two parked car bombs exploded near a gas station, killing at least seven people lined up to buy fuel. Gunmen nearby ambushed an Interior Ministry convoy, killing an Iraqi colonel and his two guards. 4 civilians were killed and 13 injured when a parked car bomb ripped through a busy vegetable market in Fallujah. At least 20 people were killed by coalition airstrikes in Amarah. Iraqi officials said 36 people died in fighting that erupted as British and Iraqi forces conducted house-to-house searches in Nasiriyah. Sectarian fighting killed 111 people. One American soldier was killed by small arms fire in Baghdad.   
    (AP, 6/18/07)(AP, 6/19/07)(WSJ, 6/19/07, p.A1)

2007        Jun 19, A truck bomb struck the Shiite Khillani mosque in central Baghdad, killing at least 87 people and wounding more than 200. About 10,000 US soldiers used heavily armored Stryker and Bradley fighting vehicles to battle their way into an al-Qaida sanctuary in Baqouba. The troops, under cover of attack helicopters, killed at least 22 insurgents in the offensive. A Task Force Lightning soldier was killed by an explosion near his vehicle. In all 142 people were killed or found dead in sectarian violence.
    (AP, 6/19/07)(AP, 6/20/07)

2007        Jun 20, Gunmen blew up two Sunni mosques south of Baghdad, causing heavy damage but no casualties, in an apparent retaliatory attack a day after a suicide truck bombing devastated a revered Shiite mosque in the heart of the capital. The US military said at least 30 al-Qaida fighters were killed and several bombs and weapons caches destroyed as soldiers fought their way through the streets of Baqouba. 4 US soldiers were killed and one was wounded when their convoy was struck by a roadside bomb in a western neighborhood in Baghdad. Southwest of Baghdad. Two US soldiers were killed and 4 were wounded when explosions struck near their vehicle. Two Marines also were killed while conducting combat operations in Anbar province.
    (AP, 6/20/07)(AP, 6/21/07)
2007        Jun 20, Nazek al-Malaika (85), a renowned Iraqi poet, died. She was famous as the first to write Arabic poetry in free verse rather than classical rhyme.
    (AP, 6/20/07)
2007        Jun 20, Japanese lawmakers approved a two-year extension of the country's air force transport mission in Iraq, despite criticism of Tokyo's involvement in the unpopular war.
    (AP, 6/20/07)

2007        Jun 21, A suicide truck bomber struck the Sulaiman Bek city hall in a predominantly Sunni area in northern Iraq, killing at least 17 people, including the mayor, and wounded 66 in a predominantly Sunni area of northern Iraq. 5 US troops were killed in a single roadside bombing that also killed four Iraqis in Baghdad. A rocket-propelled grenade struck a vehicle in northern Baghdad, killing one soldier and wounding three others. US soldiers detained 18 suspected militants in raids targeting roadside bomb networks in the Baghdad area.
    (AP, 6/21/07)(AP, 6/22/07)
2007        Jun 21, China signed an agreement to cancel Iraqi debt at a ceremony after a meeting between Chinese President Hu Jintao and his Iraqi counterpart Jalal Talabani. State media reported no more brightly dyed hair, flashy jewelry or smoking in public for China's police while they're in uniform.
    (AP, 6/21/07)

2007        Jun 22, A suicide attacker wearing an explosives vest struck a police patrol in Fallujah, killing two officers. US helicopters killed 17 al-Qaida fighters as they tried to get by a checkpoint in Baqouba.
    (AP, 6/22/07)(WSJ, 6/23/07, p.A1)

2007        Jun 23, It was estimated that 2.2 million of Iraq’s 27 million people have fled the country for Jordan, Syria and elsewhere. Iraqi and US troops captured two senior al-Qaida militants in Diyala province. US military said that at least 55 al-Qaida operatives have been killed and 23 detained since the start of Operation Arrowhead Ripper. A predawn operation by US forces working with Iraqi informants in Baghdad's main Shiite district of Sadr City netted 3 other militants suspected of ties to Iran. A car bomb in the southern city of Hillah killed at least two people and wounded 18 others. A total of 11 US soldiers were killed, including seven killed by roadside bombs, four by a single blast near Baghdad. An Iraqi man was killed by US troops near Kirkuk. On July 19 two American soldiers were charged with his murder.
    (Econ, 6/23/07, p.54)(AP, 6/23/07)(AP, 6/24/07)(SFC, 7/20/07, p.A15)

2007        Jun 24, The Iraqi High Tribunal sentenced Ali Hassan al-Majid, known as "Chemical Ali," and two others to death for their roles in the bloody offensive said to have killed some 180,000 people during the 1980-88 Iran-Iraq war. Two others sentenced to hang for anti-Kurdish atrocities were former defense minister Sultan Hashim Ahmad al-Tai and Hussein Rashid Mohammed, a former deputy director of operations for the Iraqi armed forces. Two Sunni blocs in the Iraqi parliament, holding 55 seats, began a boycott of the 275-seat house, demanding reinstatement of the Sunni speaker, Mahmoud al-Mashhadani. Journalist Zeena Shakir Mahmoud (35) was shot to death on her way home from work in Mosul, the second female journalist to be killed there this month.
    (AP, 6/24/07)(AP, 6/25/07)

2007        Jun 25, A suicide bomber apparently targeting a meeting of US-allied Sunni sheiks penetrated layers of security and blew himself up in a hotel lobby, killing 13 people including 4 sheiks. The poet Rahim al-Maliki, who wrote about his dreams of Iraqi unity in a place where such appeals are drowned out by daily bombings, was among those killed as a wave of suicide and other bombings left at least 54 people dead across Iraq. A US soldier shot to death in south Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/26/07)(SFC, 6/26/07, p.A17)(AP, 6/25/08)

2007        Jun 26, A Sunni tribal sheik was killed in a drive-by shooting in southwestern Baghdad. Culture Minister Asad Kamal al-Hashimi was identified by two suspected militants as the mastermind of a Feb. 8, 2005, ambush against then-parliamentary candidate Mithal al-Alusi. Al-Alusi escaped unharmed but two of his sons were killed. Newly arrived US troops southeast of Baghdad destroyed boats on the Tigris River and targeted networks believed to be bringing powerful roadside bombs from Iran as the military cracks down on extremists from all directions.
    (AP, 6/26/07)

2007        Jun 27, In Iraq a parked car exploded near a Shiite shrine in the Kazimiya district of Baghdad killing at least 14 people. Roadside bombs killed five policemen in Samarra and another five civilians in Baghdad. In Sadr City two people were killed in separate cars enveloped in a barrage of gunfire. Unknown gunmen opened fire on a civilian car in southwestern Baghdad, killing a man and wounding his son who was riding with him. Gunmen opened fire on a minibus in western Baghdad, injuring five civilians including the driver. In all at least 80 Iraqis were killed or found dead across the country. 3 British soldiers were killed in a roadside bomb in southern Iraq. One American soldier was killed and 4 wounded in a roadside bombing in Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/27/07)(AP, 6/28/07)(SFC, 6/28/07, p.A19)
2007        Jun 27, Gen. Yasar Buyukanit, Turkey's military chief, asked his government to set political guidelines for an incursion into northern Iraq to fight Kurdish guerrillas.
    (AP, 6/27/07)

2007        Jun 28, In Iraq a car bomb killed 22 people in one of the capital's busy outdoor bus stations. A report of 20 beheaded bodies, allegedly discovered on the banks of the Tigris River southeast of Baghdad, was later found to be false. 3 mortar rounds slammed into a popular shopping district in central Baghdad, killing 3 pedestrians. Mortars also fell early in eastern Baghdad's al-Amin neighborhood, killing 2 civilians and wounding 4 others. A car bomb exploded at a fuel station in western Baghdad's Mansour neighborhood, killing one person and wounding 3 others. 2 suspected militants were killed when the bomb they were planting near a house of a US translator detonated prematurely. Insurgents launched a deadly coordinated attack on an American combat patrol, detonating a roadside bomb, then firing guns and rocket-propelled grenades at the soldiers.
    (AP, 6/28/07)(AP, 6/29/07)(AP, 7/1/07)

2007        Jun 29, At least six Iraqi soldiers were killed and five wounded when a suicide truck bomb exploded at their army post north of Baghdad. Two civilians were also killed in a barrage of gunfire that followed. A bomb exploded under an oil pipeline south of Baghdad, spilling crude oil and sparking a huge fire. US forces found around 40 bodies, bound and shot, in a fresh mass grave south of Fallujah. A US soldier was and three wounded when a sophisticated, armor-piercing bomb hit their combat patrol in southern Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/29/07)(AFP, 6/30/07)(AP, 6/30/07)

2007        Jun 30, American soldiers rolled into Baghdad's Shiite Sadr City slum in search of Iranian-linked militants and as many as 26 Iraqis were killed. Iraqi officials said the death toll was much lower. Residents, police and hospital officials said eight civilians were killed in their homes. In Muqdadiyah a suicide bomber blew himself up near a crowd of police recruits, killing at least 23 people and wounding 17. Fighting near the Sunni city of Ramadi left 23 insurgents dead. The Battle of Donkey Island took place between elements of the US 1st Battalion 77th Armored Regiment, the 2nd Battalion 5th Marines and a numerically superior force of Al-Qaeda in Iraq insurgents outside the city of Ramadi in Al-Anbar province.
    (AP, 6/30/07)(SSFC, 7/1/07, p.A16)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Donkey_Island)(AP, 7/2/07)

2007        Jun, In Iraq the US abandoned the construction of a desert prison and handed over the unfinished facility to Iraq's Justice Ministry. The ministry refused to "complete, occupy or provide security" for it. In March 2004, the Corps of Engineers had awarded a $40 million contract to global construction and engineering firm Parsons Corp. to design and build a prison for 3,600 inmates, along with educational and vocational facilities. Work was set to finish in November 2005. Violence in the area caused the project to fall way behind schedule. The US government pulled the plug on Parsons in June 2006.
    (AP, 8/30/10) 

2007        Jul 1, A suicide bomber detonated an explosives-packed truck at a checkpoint at the entrance of the city of Fallujah, west of Baghdad, killing five policemen. In eastern Baghdad, a roadside bomb exploded near policemen, killing two. Gunmen in a vehicle opened fire on a minibus carrying Shiite day laborers in the mixed district of Saydiyah, killing one passenger and wounding four. The bullet-riddled body of a senior police commander was discovered in Basra. Col. Nasser Hamoud, who was in charge of the city's prisons, had been kidnapped along with three of his guards the day before. Five US service members were killed in fighting, including two soldiers who died in attacks in Baghdad and two soldiers and a Marine who died in fighting in western Anbar province.
    (AP, 7/1/07)(AP, 7/2/07)

2007        Jul 2,  A US military Kiowa attack helicopter was shot down by insurgents south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 7/3/07)

2007        Jul 3, PM Nouri al-Maliki's Cabinet approved a draft oil law. In Baghdad, an Iraqi army lieutenant colonel and an Interior Ministry intelligence officer were killed in separate drive-by shootings. A car bomb hit the convoy of an Iraqi police colonel in Kirkuk, killing two passers-by and wounding 17. Oras Mohammed Abdul-Aziz was executed by hanging for his role in the August, 2003, blast that killed Shiite leader Ayatollah Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim and 84 other people.
    (AP, 7/3/07)(AP, 7/6/07)
2007        Jul 3, A human rights group said Kurdish security forces in northern Iraq routinely torture detainees with methods including electric shock and hold them in overcrowded facilities without formal charges or access to legal aid.
    (AP, 7/3/07)

2007        Jul 4, Khaled Abdul-Fattah Dawoud Mahmoud al-Mashhadani (aka Abu Shahid), believed to be the most senior Iraqi in the al-Qaida in Iraq network, was captured in Mosul.
    (AP, 7/18/07)

2007        Jul 5, In southern Baghdad 18 people died after a car bomb blew up outside a photo shop where a wedding party waited as newlyweds had their pictures taken. Security forces found 24 bodies around Baghdad. US forces killed one militant and wounded 6 others in Sadr City. A bomb in Baghdad killed 2 US soldiers. 2 US Marines were killed in western Anbar province and a US soldier died in Baghdad.
    (SFC, 7/6/07, p.A3)(AP, 7/7/07)

2007        Jul 6, A suicide bomber detonated a booby trapped car at a funeral in the Shiite Kurdish village of Zargoush, in the Sadiya region of Diyala province, killing 22 people. Four soldiers were killed in two roadside bomb attacks on their patrols, both in the capital. A suicide car bomber struck the Kurdish village of Ahmad Maref killing 26 people. A US soldier and an Iraqi interpreter were killed when an explosively formed penetrator exploded near their patrol in southeastern Baghdad. A US soldier died of non battle-related cause and his death was under investigation.
    (AP, 7/7/07)(SFC, 7/7/07, p.A7)(AP, 7/10/07)
2007        Jul 6, Turkey's foreign minister said his government and military have agreed on plans for a possible cross-border operation against Kurdish rebels based in northern Iraq.
    (AP, 7/6/07)

2007        Jul 7, In Iraq a bombing in Armili, a farming town of 26,000, mostly Shiites from Iraq's ethnic Turkoman minority, killed over 130 people. Another car bomb attack against a military checkpoint in Baghdad killed at least 3 people and wounded 10. British troops came under heavy attack by militants in Basra, killing one soldier and wounding 3. An American soldier was killed in combat in Salahuddin province.
    (AFP, 7/7/07)(AP, 7/8/07)

2007        Jul 8, Abu Omar al-Baghdadi, who leads the group Islamic State in Iraq, said in an audiotape that his Sunni fighters have been preparing for four years to wage a battle against Shiite-dominated Iran. He threatened to wage war against Iran unless it stops supporting Shiites in Iraq within two months. A suicide truck bomber killed 23 new Iraqi army recruits when he rammed into their vehicle south of Baghdad. A flurry of bombings in Baghdad killed 26 people. American special operations forces in a raid captured 12 militants in Baghdad who had broken away from the Mahdi Army, and had carried out attacks on US and Iraqi troops.
    (AP, 7/8/07)(Reuters, 7/8/07)(AP, 7/10/07)

2007        Jul 9, Attacks in Baghdad killed 13 people as prominent Shiite and Sunni politicians called on Iraqi civilians to take up arms to defend themselves after a weekend of violence that claimed more than 220 lives. A roadside bomb exploded near an Iraqi military bus north of Baghdad, killing 9 Iraqi soldiers and injuring 21. British warplanes struck the southern town of al-Majar al-Kabir near the Iranian border, killing three militants suspected of smuggling weapons into Iraq.
    (AP, 7/9/07)(AP, 7/10/07)

2007        Jul 10, Extremists unleashed a barrage of more than a dozen mortars or rockets into the Green Zone, killing at least three people, including an American, and wounding 18 in an area once considered the safest in the Iraqi capital. Gunmen in Baghdad kidnapped a senior security official, Abdul Razzaq Aseel al-Assal, the director of the joint security committee in the city of Mosul. Hannelore Krause (61), a German woman who was kidnapped in Iraq, was released after 155 days in captivity, but her son was still held hostage. Sunni extremists attacked Sherween village northwest of Baghdad. A US and Iraqi army force moved into Sherween village and drove out the insurgents in a battle that left at least 19 extremists dead.
    (AP, 7/10/07)(AP, 7/11/07)

2007        Jul 11, Kurdish leaders spoke out against a key oil law, raising further doubts over efforts to pass one of the political benchmarks sought by the United States.
    (AP, 7/11/07)

2007        Jul 12, US troops raided a Shiite neighborhood of Baghdad in a hunt for militiamen linked to Iran, sparking exchanges of fire and a mortar attack. 9 insurgents and two civilians were killed. Iraqi police said 19 people were killed, and residents said some of the casualties were caused by US helicopter fire. Reuters photographer Namir Noor-Eldeen (22) and his assistant Saeed Chmagh (40) were killed in Baghdad in an area where US forces were battling militants. In southern Iraq, clashes erupted between Shiite militants and the Iraqi army, killing a soldier and a civilian in the city of Diwaniyah. Aircraft struck a group of militants planting a roadside bomb before dawn, killing five of the militants. A suicide bomber detonated an explosives belt near a wedding party in Tal Afar. 5 people were killed and 5 wounded. Robbers overnight stole about $680,000 from a bank in central Baghdad. The theft at the private Dar al-Salam bank was discovered by the bank manager when it opened in the morning, and suspicions fell on overnight guards. A detainee died from injuries after apparently being assaulted by other inmates at a US detention facility in Baghdad. On June 7, 2010, the US military said it is holding Army Specialist Bradley Manning of the 2nd Brigade 10th Mountain Division in pretrial confinement in Kuwait and that he is suspected of releasing classified information. A video released in April, 2010, showed US Army helicopters killing two journalists in the July 12, 2007, shooting.
    (AP, 7/12/07)(AP, 7/13/07)(AP, 4/6/10)(SFC, 8/23/13, p.C1)
2007        Jul 12, Iranian artillery shelled near Iraqi Kurd villages as Iranian troops clashed with Kurdish guerrillas making an incursion across the border.
    (AP, 7/12/07)

2007        Jul 13, US forces battled Iraqi police and gunmen, killing six policemen, after an American raid captured an Iraqi police lieutenant accused of leading a cell of Shiite militiamen. 7 gunmen also died in the fight. A volley of at least four mortars were fired from the city's dangerous southern districts at the Green Zone. The mortars hit near the home of a senior Iraqi military official, killing two Iraqi soldiers. Khalid W. Hassan (23), an Iraqi journalist for The New York Times, was shot to death on his way to work. A US soldier was killed by small arms fire near Rusdi Mulla.
    (AP, 7/13/07)(AP, 7/19/07)

2007        Jul 14, PM Nouri al-Maliki said that the Iraqi army and police are capable of keeping security in the country when American troops leave "any time they want," though he acknowledged the forces need further weapons and training. A car bomb in Baghdad leveled a two-story apartment building, and a suicide bomber plowed his explosives-packed vehicle into a line of cars at a gas station. The two attacks killed at least eight people. A group of 24 Iranians escaped from detention in an Iraqi police station in the southern town of Badra. Four were quickly recaptured, but the remainder may have fled across the nearby border.
    (AP, 7/14/07)(AP, 7/16/07)

2007        Jul 15, A car bomb packed with explosives detonated in a central Baghdad square, killing 10 people and wounding 25. At least 18 other people were killed including 7 border guards in the northern Kani Khal area and 8 in shootings in the northern cities of Mosul and Kirkuk and several areas south of Baghdad. 22 bullet-riddled bodies were found dumped in various locations of Baghdad, apparently the latest victims of sectarian violence.
    (AP, 7/15/07)(AP, 7/16/07)
2007        Jul 15, The Los Angeles Times reported that about 45 percent of all foreign militants targeting US troops and Iraqi security forces were from Saudi Arabia, 15 percent from Syria and Lebanon, and 10 percent from North Africa.
    (AFP, 7/15/07)

2007        Jul 16, In Iraq twin suicide car bombings exploded within 20 minutes of each other in Kirkuk, killing at least 80 people and wounding around 150 in attacks targeting a Kurdish political office and ripping through the Haseer outdoor market. A string of attacks in Baghdad killed at least 14 people. An American soldier died from wounds received the day before by a bombing in Ninevah province. American soldiers killed about a dozen insurgents during a three-hour gunfight in Fadhil. A US Marine died in a non-combat related incident in Anbar province.
    (AP, 7/16/07)(AP, 7/17/07)

2007        Jul 17, Lawmakers loyal to anti-US cleric Muqtada al-Sadr said they are ending a nearly five-week boycott of parliament sessions after officials accepted their demands for rebuilding a Shiite shrine damaged by bombings. In eastern Baghdad a suicide driver detonated his vehicle near an Iraqi army patrol in Zayouna, a mostly Shiite area, killing 10 people including six civilians. The bodies of two security guards were found in the western Baghdad neighborhood of Mansour, two days after they were kidnapped from the office of a cell phone company where they worked. 29 members of a Shiite tribe were massacred overnight in Diyala province when dozens of suspected Sunni gunmen raided their village near Muqdadiyah. The dead included four women. 3 American soldiers were killed in separate bombings in Baghdad.
    (AP, 7/17/07)(AP, 7/18/07)

2007        Jul 18, The Iraqi government said Turkish artillery and warplanes bombarded areas of northern Iraq and called on Turkey to stop military operations and resolve the conflict diplomatically. A series of roadside bombs exploded in separate areas of east Baghdad, killing 11 people and wounding more than a dozen. US troops killed three al-Qaida suspects as they tried to slip out of Baqouba. 4 US soldiers and their Iraqi interpreter were killed in a roadside bombing in east Baghdad.
    (AP, 7/18/07)(AP, 7/19/07)

2007        Jul 19, Sunni lawmakers ended their five-week boycott of parliament, raising hopes the factious assembly can make progress on benchmark legislation demanded by Washington. The bodies of two men with bullets in their heads were found dumped near a Sunni mosque in Baghdad. A Kurdish political party member was ambushed and killed in eastern Mosul. Gunmen firing from a speeding car killed a bodyguard of a Sunni parliament member in Mosul. Assailants blew up two bridges in Haditha overnight. The US said two American soldiers have been charged with killing an Iraqi on June 23 near Kirkuk. Insurgents killed three British troops and two American soldiers in separate attacks in southern and central Iraq.
    (AP, 7/19/07)(AP, 7/20/07)

2007        Jul 20, In Iraq 4 people were killed and three wounded when clashes broke out in the Shiite village of Ajemi near Khalis. A roadside bomb killed a U.S. soldier in Diyala province. Iraqi troops detained 46 suspected militants and killed five others in a new operation in eastern Diyala. A US airstrike killed six militants in Husseiniyah, according to US military, disputing claims by Iraqi officials and relatives of the victims that 18 civilians died in the attack.
    (AP, 7/20/07)(AP, 7/21/07)(AP, 7/22/07)

2007        Jul 21, A bomb left on a minibus also exploded shortly after noon in the predominantly Shiite area of Baladiyat in eastern Baghdad, killing at least five Iraqis and wounding 11. A mortar attack also struck the eastern outskirts of Baghdad, killing two people and wounding four. A top aide to Iraq's Shiite spiritual leader Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani was stabbed to death in the city of Najaf. American and Iraqi forces continued operations to clear Sunni extremists from Baqouba. Americans said earlier this week that they have killed at least 67 al-Qaida operatives in Baqouba, arrested 253, seized 63 weapons caches and have destroyed 151 roadside bombs since last month. A roadside bomb killed a US soldier.
    (AP, 7/21/07)(AP, 7/22/07)(AP, 7/23/07)

2007        Jul 22, Army Maj. Gen. Benjamin Mixon, the commander of US forces in northern Iraq, said he has proposed reducing his troop levels and shifting next year to missions focused less on direct combat. A senior officer working with the Interior Ministry was shot to death as he was driving his car in northeastern Baghdad. An Iraqi interpreter working for Americans in Kut, was killed by gunmen. A suicide bomber attacked a checkpoint in a village north of Baghdad killing at least 3 people. A bomb on a motorcycle in central Baghdad killed 2 people and wounded 15. US troops in eastern Iraq detained two suspected weapons smugglers who may be linked to Iran's elite Quds force. In Iraq a roadside bomb killed another US soldier.
    (AP, 7/22/07)(AP, 7/23/07)(SFC, 7/23/07, p.A16)

2007        Jul 23, Three parked cars exploded within 30 minutes in a predominantly Shiite area in Baghdad, killing at least 12 people. Another car packed with explosives blew up on the main road about 200 yards from an entry point to the US-controlled Green Zone, killing at least 4 Iraqis. Also in Baghdad a bomb exploded on a minibus near a busy commercial area, killing one person and wounding nine others. A roadside bomb struck an Iraqi army patrol near the Iranian border, killing five troops. Also near the Iranian border, gunmen ambushed a convoy of trucks loaded with goods being sent from major wholesale markets in Baghdad to Khanaqin, 90 miles northeast of Baghdad. Five people were killed and three others kidnapped. In western Anbar province at least two policemen were killed and 10 wounded when a woman hiding an explosives belt under her Islamic gown blew herself up as she was about to be searched at a checkpoint on the western outskirts of Ramadi. At least 59 people were killed or found dead nationwide.
    (AP, 7/23/07)(AP, 7/24/07)

2007        Jul 24, The US and Iranian ambassadors to Iraq also began talks in Baghdad in a bid to find ways to use their influence to bring stability to Iraq. A suicide bomber struck a busy commercial center in the Shiite city of Hillah, killing at least 24 people and wounding dozens as the streets were packed with shoppers and commuters.
    (AP, 7/24/07)

2007        Jul 25, Iraq's largest Sunni Arab bloc said it has suspended its membership in PM Nouri al-Maliki's coalition government, dealing a new setback to the Shiite leader's efforts to achieve national reconciliation. The Iraqi Accordance Front, which has six Cabinet members as well as 44 of parliament's 275 seats, said it was giving al-Maliki a week to meet their demands or it would quit his 14-month-old Cabinet altogether. 2 suicide bombings killed at least 50 cheering, dancing, flag-waving Iraqis celebrating the national soccer team's semifinal victory in the Asian Cup tournament. A roadside bomb targeting a police patrol on the road between Hillah and Diwaniyah, killed 5 Iraqi officers and wounding 2 as they were on their way home from an operation with US forces. A joint US-Iraqi force backed with helicopter gunships clashed with suspected Shiite militiamen when they raided several homes in eastern Baghdad. Six people were killed and 10 wounded. A senior police officer in Karbala escaped an assassination attempt when a roadside bomb targeted his five-car convoy while he was on his way to work, but 3 of his guards were killed.
    (AP, 7/25/07)(AP, 7/26/07)

2007        Jul 26, A parked car bomb exploded near a market in a predominantly Shiite area of Baghdad, killing 28 people and wounding 74. In northern Iraq a suicide bomber blew himself up at the gate of a police station, killing 7 people and wounding 13 in Mosul. A US soldier was killed by a roadside bomb in Diyala province; 3 more were killed in fighting in Anbar province.
    (AP, 7/26/07)(WSJ, 1/27/07, p.A1)(AP, 7/27/07)(AP, 7/30/07)
2007        Jul 26, Jordan pleaded for international help to deal with hundreds of thousands of Iraqis who have fled here to avoid the violence at home, saying they cost the kingdom $1 billion a year in basic services.
    (AP, 7/26/07)

2007        Jul 27, A fierce gunbattle broke out after a joint US-Iraqi force arrested a rogue Shiite militia leader in the holy city of Karbala, some 50 miles south of Baghdad, leading to an airstrike and the deaths of some 17 militants. A truck bomb in Baghdad’s Shiite neighborhood of Karrada killed at least 105 people and injured 193.
    (AP, 7/27/07)(AP, 7/28/07)(SFC, 9/20/07, p.A17)

2007        Jul 28, A parked car bomb exploded in a busy shopping street in predominantly Shiite eastern Baghdad, killing at least four people and wounding 10. US troops captured 16 suspected insurgents during raids targeting al-Qaida in Iraq in raids in the northern cities of Samarra and Tarmiyah.
    (AP, 7/28/07)

2007        Jul 29, Iraqi authorities announced a ban on vehicles and celebratory gunfire around Baghdad in an effort to prevent a repeat of violence that killed dozens celebrating Iraq's progress to the finals of Asia's top soccer tournament. Iraq celebrated their underdog national soccer team as it won the prestigious Asian Cup against Saudi Arabia. At least 5 people were killed and nearly 30 wounded by gunfire after the game. Gunmen opened fire on shoppers in a Shiite Turkomen village southwest of the oil-rich city of Kirkuk, killing 7 people and wounding six. A bomb struck a minibus in eastern Baghdad, killing one passenger and wounding four others. A policeman was shot to death on his way to work southeast of Baghdad. Bombings, shootings and mortar attacks striking other targets killed at least 58 people nationwide.
    (AP, 7/29/07)(AP, 7/30/07)

2007        Jul 30, A minibus exploded in a Baghdad market, killing at least six people. Relief agencies said about 8 million Iraqis, nearly a third of the population, need immediate emergency aid because of the humanitarian crisis caused by the Iraq war. A US Marine was killed in combat operations in Anbar province.
    (AP, 7/30/07)(AP, 7/31/07)

2007        Jul 31, In Iraq al-Maliki's government faced a threat by the main Sunni bloc in parliament to withdraw its Cabinet members if he doesn't meet a series of demands. At least 11 people were killed or found dead nationwide, including three Iraqi police in a drive-by shooting and one soldier in a roadside bombing. A teacher also was shot to death while driving to work in a mainly Sunni neighborhood in Baghdad. An explosively-formed penetrator, or EFP, detonated near a US soldiers' patrol during combat operations, killing 3 with 6 wounded. Another US soldier was killed by small arms fire in a separate incident. Two US soldiers were killed in a mortar or rocket attack.
    (AP, 7/31/07)(AP, 8/1/07)(AP, 8/2/07)
2007        Jul 31, The Government Accountability Office, the investigative arm of the US Congress, issued a report saying it could not account for 190,000 AK-47 rifles and pistols given to Iraqi security forces in 2004 and 2005, or about half the weapons earmarked for soldiers and police.
    (Reuters, 8/6/07)

2007        Aug 1, Iraq's largest Sunni Arab political bloc announced its withdrawal from the government, undermining efforts to seek reconciliation among the country's rival factions. Two bombing attacks in Baghdad killed at least 67 people. In one attack, 50 people were killed and 60 wounded when a suicide attacker exploded a fuel truck near a gas station in western Baghdad. Another 17 died in a separate car bomb attack in central Baghdad. A parked car bomb killed 3 people and wounded 5 in southern Baghdad in a mostly Christian area. Altogether at least 142 Iraqis were killed or found dead, including 70 who died in three separate bombings in Baghdad. One US soldiers was killed by a roadside bomb.
    (AP, 8/1/07)(AP, 8/2/07)

2007        Aug 2, Much of Baghdad was without running water and had been for at least 24 hours. A suicide car bomber slammed into an Iraqi police station northeast of Baghdad, killing at least 13 people. Fadhil al-Akil (35), an aide to Iraq's top cleric, was killed in the Shiite city of Najaf. A mortar and rocket-propelled grenade landed on homes in Khan Bani Saad, a mixed town northeast of Baghdad, killing four civilians, two of them children. The US military said American and Iraqi troops had killed seven suspects and captured 22 others in two days of raids across Iraq. A total of 58 people were killed or found dead across the country. US troops killed Haitham Sabah Shaker Mohammed al-Badri, the al-Qaida in Iraq mastermind of the bombing that destroyed the golden dome of a famed sacred Shiite shrine last year. 3 US soldiers were killed in a single roadside bombing on Baghdad's east side. The blast wounded 11 other US troops. Another soldier was killed and three wounded in combat in western Baghdad. A US Marine was killed during combat in Iraq's western Anbar province.
    (AP, 8/2/07)(AP, 8/3/07)(AP, 8/4/07)(AP, 8/5/07)
2007        Aug 2, A Marine Corps squad leader was convicted at Camp Pendleton, Calif., of murdering an Iraqi man (52) during a frustrated search for an insurgent in 2006. The next day Sgt. Lawrence G. Hutchins III was sentenced to 15 years in prison for killing Hashim Ibrahim Awad (see Aug 3).
    (AP, 8/2/08)(SFC, 6/18/15, p.A6)

2007        Aug 3, A jury at Camp Pendleton, Calif., sentenced Marine Sgt. Lawrence G. Hutchins III to 15 years in prison for the murder of an Iraqi civilian during a fruitless search for an insurgent. In 2013 the military’s highest court overturned the Hutchins murder conviction saying his rights were violated during his interrogation in Iraq. On June 17, 2015, Hutchins was found guilty of unpremeditated murder.
    (AP, 8/3/08)(SFC, 6/27/13, p.A5)(SFC, 6/18/15, p.A6)

2007        Aug 4, A roadside bomb targeting an Iraqi Army convoy killed one civilian and wounded five others at a busy intersection in central Baghdad. In western Baghdad a mortar round landed on a house in Ghazaliyah, killing another civilian. In northern Iraq Salim Khudaeir, a police lieutenant colonel, was gunned down on his way to work. US forces killed four suspects in a raid targeting an insurgent group believed to be coordinating logistical support from Iran for Shiite militias in Iraq. The killings took place in the town of Qasirin in Diyala province. West of Tarmiyah US troops captured 20 suspects accused of having ties to a high-ranking al-Qaida in Iraq figure. Two more suspects were also arrested for alleged ties to another leader from the same group. Four more suspects were detained for alleged involvement in a sniper cell that employed 35 gunmen. In Kirkuk five people were captured, three accused of association with an al-Qaida media cell, and two for involvement in car bomb attacks. 3 US soldiers died Saturday south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 8/4/07)(AP, 8/7/07)

2007        Aug 5, The US military said 80 suspected insurgents were detained in US and Iraqi raids in the Samarra area over the past week. 13 people were killed and 14 wounded by mortar shells in southeast Baghdad. 6 gunmen were killed and ten others arrested during clashes with Iraqi soldiers in Mosul. Fierce fighting was reported in northwest Baghdad around midday between Iraqi soldiers and members of the Mahdi Army. 60 bodies were found in a mainly Sunni area that had been under the control of al-Qaida in Iraq west of Baqouba. At least 29 people were killed or found dead in other parts of Iraq. The US military said its troops killed 4 suspects and detained 7 others in operations across the country targeting al-Qaida in Iraq. A US soldier was killed and two were wounded during fighting in eastern Baghdad.
    (AP, 8/5/07)(AP, 8/6/07)
2007        Aug 5, The last men of a Danish battalion of 450 ground troops left Iraq.
    (AFP, 8/7/07)

2007        Aug 6, Iranian and US diplomats held "frank and serious" expert-level talks in Baghdad on security issues in Iraq.
    (AP, 8/6/07)
2007        Aug 6, Iraq's political crisis worsened as five ministers loyal to former Iraqi leader Ayad Allawi announced a boycott of Cabinet meetings. A suicide bomber slammed his truck into a densely populated residential area in the northern Iraqi city of Tal Afar, killing at least 28 people, including 19 children. 4 US soldiers were killed in a blast that also wounded 11 in Diyala province. One US soldier was killed and another wounded when their vehicle was targeted by an armor-piercing explosively formed penetrator in a western section of Baghdad. A British soldier died from injuries sustained in a gunbattle in Basra.
    (AP, 8/6/07)(AP, 8/7/07)

2007        Aug 7, Kurdish guerrillas killed a Turkish lieutenant in the southeast, as the Iraqi prime minister arrived for a visit. Turkey and Iraq agreed to try to root out a Kurdish rebel group from northern Iraq, but Iraq's prime minister said his parliament would have the final say on efforts to halt the guerrillas' cross-border attacks into Turkey. Iraq's semi-autonomous Kurdish government approved a regional oil law, paving the way for foreign investment in their northern oil and gas fields even as similar US-backed legislation for the entire country remained stalled. Two US Marines died west of Baghdad, one in fighting and the other in a non-combat incident that was under investigation.
    (AP, 8/7/07)(AP, 8/9/07)

2007        Aug 8, Iraqi PM Nouri al-Maliki arrived in Iran for talks expected to focus on bilateral relations and overcoming "terrorism challenges." Iraqis told they will not get automatic asylum in Britain despite braving death threats to work alongside British troops will now have their cases reviewed. US-led forces swooped into the Shiite militia stronghold of Sadr City, killing 32 suspected militants and detaining 12 others in fighting and an airstrike targeting alleged smuggling networks from Iran. Police and witnesses said 9 civilians were killed in the attack.
    (AP, 8/8/07)

2007        Aug 9, Iranian officials told Iraqi PM Nouri al-Maliki that they were doing everything they could to help stabilize his nation, but only a US pullout would bring true peace.
    (AP, 8/9/07)
2007        Aug 9, In Iraq tens of thousands of Shiite pilgrims converged on a golden-domed shrine in northern Baghdad. 7 pilgrims were killed and four wounded when gunmen in a speeding car opened fire and threw hand grenades at them as they were en route to Baghdad from the Dabouniyah area. Gunmen fired on Iraqi soldiers guarding pilgrims in the predominantly Sunni neighborhood of Yarmouk in western Baghdad, prompting a battle and panic that left one attacker dead and one soldier and three pilgrims wounded. A bomb exploded near the house of a Shiite family, killing a man and his wife, and wounding three, including a 5-year-old child, in the religiously mixed neighborhood of Baiyaa in western Baghdad. 2 British soldiers were killed and two others were seriously wounded when a roadside bomb hit their convoy north of the Rumaylah oil fields west of Basra.
    (AP, 8/9/07)

2007        Aug 10, A car bomb struck a market in a Kurdish area in the northern city of Kirkuk, killing at least eight people and wounding dozens. Scattered violence struck Iraqis nationwide, with at least 15 people killed or found dead. South of Baghdad, the US military said a helicopter was forced down, leaving two soldiers injured.
    (AP, 8/10/07)
2007        Aug 10, A Security Council resolution authorized the UN, at the request of the Iraqi government, to promote political talks among Iraqis and a regional dialogue on issues including border security, energy and refugees as well as help tackling the country's worsening humanitarian crisis.
    (AP, 8/11/07)

2007        Aug 11, A powerful roadside bomb killed Khalil Jalil Hamza, the governor of Qadisiyah province and the police chief. The southern province has seen fierce internal fighting between Shiite factions. Militants bombed the house of a prominent anti-al-Qaida Sunni cleric, seriously wounding him and killing three of his relatives in what appeared to be an increased campaign against Sunnis who have turned against the terror network. The bodies of four men abducted a week ago were found chopped into pieces in Dujail, 50 miles north of Baghdad. A roadside bomb killed one civilian and wounded another while they were driving on the highway south of Baghdad. A local tribal leader in Albu Khalifa, a village west of Baghdad, was gunned down by militants who broke into his home. Gunmen ambushed a police patrol southwest of the northern city of Kirkuk, killing three officers and wounding another. The US military reported the death of a Task Force Lightning soldier in a non-combat incident. 5 American soldiers were killed in southeastern Baghdad, including four in an ambush bombing after a sniper felled a soldier.
    (AP, 8/11/07)(AP, 8/12/07)
2007        Aug 11, Iran’s state-run news network said Iran and Iraq have signed an agreement to build pipelines for the transfer of Iraqi crude oil and oil products.
    (AFP, 8/11/07)

2007        Aug 12, Up to five militants were killed and 13 others detained during a raid on Baghdad's Shiite slum of Sadr City. The US military claimed those they rounded up in that raid were linked to Tehran’s elite Quds Force.
    (AP, 8/13/07)

2007        Aug 13, US troops in Iraq launched a major assault against Al-Qaeda-linked militants and alleged Iranian-aided extremist groups as a Sunni leader accused Iran of plotting genocide against his people. The US military also said it had arrested a top "financier" of Iraqi extremist groups believed to be supported by Tehran’s Quds Force in a Baghdad raid. 3 US soldiers were killed in an explosion near their vehicle in northwestern Ninevah province. Another died of wounds sustained during combat operations in western Baghdad.
    (AFP, 8/13/07)(AP, 8/14/07)

2007        Aug 14, In Iraq four suicide truck bombers struck nearly simultaneously in Qahataniya killing at least 400 victims. Estimates soon rose to over 500 and later to 796. The victims were members of a small Kurdish sect, the Yazidis, who have been the target of Muslim extremists who consider them infidels. The US military blamed al-Qaida. A suicide truck bomber struck the Thiraa Dijla bridge in Taji, sending cars plunging into the river and killing at least 10 people in the 2nd attack on the span in 3 months. Local officials said four civilians, including a 3-year-old girl, were killed and five wounded during a raid by joint US-Iraqi forces in Sadr City. The US military said 4 gunmen were killed and 8 detained after a fierce gunfight, but it had no reports of civilian deaths. Extremists abducted five officials from an Oil Ministry compound in the capital in a raid using gunmen dressed as security officers. Nine US soldiers were reported killed, including five in a helicopter crash.
    (AP, 8/14/07)(AP, 8/15/07)(AP, 8/16/07)(http://tinyurl.com/8abt4y5)

2007        Aug 15, In Mosul a bomb in a parked car killed a civilian and wounded ten others. 5 people were killed in an ambush on a minibus carrying civilians near Khalis. South of Baghdad a suicide car bomber killed two people and wounded seven. US troops killed 11 suspected terrorists and detained four others in operations against al-Qaida in central and northern Iraq. Two US soldiers were killed and six wounded in fighting north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 8/15/07)(AP, 8/16/07)

2007        Aug 16, The Iraqi prime minister and president announced a new alliance of moderate Shiites and Kurds in a push to save the crumbing government, saying a key Sunni bloc refused to join but the door remained open to them. In Baghdad, a car bomb struck a parking garage in a central commercial district during the morning rush hour, killing at least nine people and wounding 17. US troops clashed with suspected Sunni insurgents holed up in a mosque north of Baghdad and launched an air-to-ground Hellfire missile into the structure. One American soldier was killed in the fighting.
    (AP, 8/16/07)(AP, 8/17/07)

2007        Aug 17, PM Nouri al-Maliki told Sunni tribal chieftains in Tikrit that all Iraqis must join to crush al-Qaida in Iraq and extremist Shiite militias "to save our coming generations." The Ansar al-Sunna group posted a video showing the execution of Alaa Abboud Fartous Diab, a Defense Ministry official accused of working with US forces.
    (AP, 8/17/07)(AP, 8/18/07)

2007        Aug 18, About 16 mortar shells rained on houses in the Sharqiya residential area in Khalis, a Shiite enclave north of Baghdad, killing at least 7 people. Overnight a series of bombs struck commercial areas in Kirkuk, killing at least four people and wounding 38.
    (AP, 8/18/07)

2007        Aug 19, In east Baghdad a mortar barrage slammed into a mainly Shiite neighborhood, killing 12 including women and children and wounding 31. French foreign minister Bernard Kouchner arrived in Baghdad on a groundbreaking visit after years of icy relations with the US over Iraq. In central Baghdad gunmen driving several cars waylaid a minibus headed for Sadr City, the capital's Shiite enclave, and abducted 15 passengers, A top US general said American forces are tracking about 50 members of an elite Iranian force who have crossed the border into southern Iraq to train Shiite militia fighters.
    (AP, 8/19/07)

2007        Aug 20, Iraq's embattled PM Nouri al-Maliki came to Syria on his first visit here as prime minister amid efforts to garner neighbors' support for curbing violence at home. Syria said Iraq should set a timetable for the withdrawal of foreign troops. A roadside bomb killed Mohammed Ali al-Hassani (52), the governor of the predominantly Shiite Muthanna province, along with his driver and guard. Two bombings struck the Shiite district of Sadr City and a busy market district elsewhere in Baghdad, killing at least 7 people and wounding more than 20. Thousands rallied against the US in Sadr City, waving Iraqi flags and shouting "No, no to America."
    (AP, 8/20/07)

2007        Aug 21, In Iraq French Foreign Minister Bernard Kouchner called on Europe to play a bigger role in Iraq because "the Americans will not be able to get this country out of difficulty alone." The postwar Iraqi tribunal trying former Saddam Hussein aides opened its third proceeding, putting former Defense Minister Ali Hassan al-Majid, known as "Chemical Ali," and 14 other men on trial.
    (AP, 8/21/07)(AP, 8/21/08)

2007        Aug 22, PM Nouri al-Maliki said: “No one has the right to place timetables on the Iraq government.” In northern Iraq a blast at a police station in Beiji killed 25 policemen and 20 civilians. 57 civilians and 23 officers were wounded. A roadside bomb targeted a police patrol in the center of Tikrit, killing one officer and wounding another, along with two civilians. A suicide bomber on a motorcycle set off a blast near four police vehicles parked near grocery stores in Muqdadiyah, killing six people and wounding 35 others. A twin vehicle bombing at a joint US-Iraqi outpost in north Baghdad killed four Iraqi soldiers and wounded 11 Americans. A Black Hawk helicopter went down in northern Iraq, killing all 14 US soldiers aboard. A US soldier was killed and four were wounded in combat operations west of Baghdad.
    (AP, 8/22/07)(AP, 8/23/07)

2007        Aug 23, Suspected al-Qaida fighters attacked the Sunni Ibrahim al-Yahya village east of Baqouba and killed a leader who had led the community in an uprising against the terrorist organization. A nearby Shiite village came under attack, again by suspected al-Qaida fighters, and a total of 17 people, including seven women, were killed. 7 people were kidnapped. Two of the abducted men were later found shot in the head on a road leading out of town. The rest of the captives were women, and their fate was unknown. 10 attackers were killed as villagers fought back. A police vehicle rushing to the attack scene crashed and 2 policemen were killed. 60 suspected al-Qaida in Iraq fighters hit national police facilities in a coordinated attack in Samarra, sparking two hours of fighting that saw three people killed and more than a dozen insurgents captured.
    (AP, 8/23/07)(Reuters, 8/23/07)(AP, 8/24/07)

2007        Aug 24, A car bomb exploded in northern Baghdad, killing seven passers-by and wounding dozens of others in an apparent sectarian attack near the capital's most important Shiite shrine. US and Iraqi forces killed two insurgents and arrested seven others during raids on two villages along the road linking Baghdad with the northern oil city of Kirkuk. Iraqi security forces killed a man suspected of links to the Islamic State of Iraq, an al-Qaida front group. Ten other al-Qaida suspects were arrested in the raid northeast of Baghdad. US helicopters blasted rooftops in a Shiite neighborhood of north Baghdad in a gunfight that left 8 Shiite gunmen dead. Iraqi police and hospital officials said the dead included a woman and a young boy. Sixteen other people were wounded, including four women and three boys in their early teens who had been sleeping on the roofs to escape the summer heat. One US soldier was killed in an explosion in Salahuddin province.
    (AP, 8/24/07)(AP, 8/25/07)
2007        Aug 24, In Jordan former Iraqi President Abdel-Rahman Aref (91), overthrown more than 35 years ago in a coup that brought Saddam Hussein's Baath party to power, died in Amman.
    (AP, 8/24/07)

2007        Aug 25, Iraqi and US soldiers arrested 54 suspected al-Qaida members in a joint operation on the outskirts of Baqouba.
    (SFC, 8/27/07, p.A13)

2007        Aug 26, Iraqi PM Nouri al-Maliki lashed out at American critics, saying Sen. Hillary Clinton and other Democrats who had called for his ouster should "come to their senses." A US helicopter attacked two Kurdish police outposts, killing four policemen and wounding eight. A spokesman for the Kurdish Peshmerga militia believed the attack was mistaken friendly fire. Waves of Shiite pilgrims descended on Karbala for the Shabaniyah festival marking the birth of the 9th century Hidden Imam. A woman making the 50-mile trek from Baghdad was shot to death by men in a passing car in the southwest of the capital.
    (AP, 8/26/07)(AP, 8/26/08)

2007        Aug 27, A sniper killed a Shiite pilgrim on a Baghdad bridge while another was killed and six injured in other attacks as tens of thousands of faithful made their way to the southern city of Karbala for a major religious commemoration. At least five people were killed in Karbala as scuffles broke out between police and pilgrims. North of Baghdad hundreds of US and Iraqi forces backed by helicopters and jet fighters killed 33 Sunni insurgents who were holding back the water supply to the Shiite town of Khalis. In Fallujah a mosque suicide bombing left 11 dead and 10 people were wounded in an attack that targeted an anti-al-Qaida Sunni sheik who had just returned from Syria.
    (AP, 8/27/07)(AP, 8/28/07)(AP, 8/29/07)
2007        Aug 27, Pres. Sarkozy called for a clear timetable for the withdrawal of foreign troops from Iraq as he outlined an assertive role for France in other world hotspots. Sarkozy urged EU nations to accept a greater share of defense spending to cope with escalating global threats.
    (AFP, 8/27/07)(Reuters, 8/27/07)
2007        Aug 28,  A military court at Fort Meade, Md., acquitted Army Lt. Col. Steven L. Jordan of failing to control US soldiers who abused detainees at Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq, but found him guilty of disobeying an order not to discuss the investigation. However, that conviction was later thrown out.
    (AP, 8/28/08)

2007        Aug 28, Police ordered a curfew in the Shiite city of Karbala and ordered more than one million pilgrims to leave after two days of violence. A city council member in Karbala reported 38 dead and 231 injured in fighting when gunmen believed from the Mahdi Army began firing on security forces and Badr guards. 2 days of bloody clashes in Karbala claimed at least 52 lives.
    (AP, 8/28/07)(AP, 8/29/07)

2007        Aug 29, A group of eight Iranians, including two diplomats, were released by US forces after being detained a day earlier because unauthorized weapons were found in their cars. An aide said Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr has ordered a six-month suspension of activities by his Mahdi Army militia in order to reorganize the force. Marines from the 5th Regimental Combat Team killed 12 suspected al-Qaida in Iraq fighters and destroyed two vehicles in fighting near the Anbar city of Fallujah. 4 al-Qaida fighters and two Sunni tribesmen opposed to the terror movement were killed in gunfights in Haqlaniyah. 2 US service members, a Marine and an Army soldier, were killed in fighting in Anbar province. An American soldier died from wounds suffered the day before in fighting near the northern city of Kirkuk. A US soldier was killed in a roadside bomb attack during combat operations in Iraq's eastern Diyala province.
    (AP, 8/29/07)(AP, 8/30/07)(AP, 8/31/07)
2007        Aug 29, US service officials said the Army will examine as many as 18,000 contracts awarded over the past four years to support US forces in Iraq to determine how many are tainted by waste, fraud and abuse.
    (AP, 8/29/07)

2007        Aug 30, Anti-American cleric Muqtada al-Sadr threatened to rescind the order unless the Iraqi government stops detaining his followers in Karbala and elsewhere within the next 48 hours. In the southeastern city of Nasiriyah about 20 gunmen attacked a Badr headquarters. The attack caused no injuries, but the building was partially burned.
    (AP, 8/30/07)
2007        Aug 30, A draft report by US congressional auditors said that the Iraqi government has failed to meet the vast majority of political and military goals laid out by lawmakers to assess President Bush's Iraq war strategy.
    (AP, 8/30/07)

2007        Aug 31, In Finland representatives of feuding Sunni and Shiite groups in Iraq began a 2-day meeting at a seminar behind closed doors to discuss ways of ending the bloodshed.
    (AP, 8/31/07)
2007        Aug 31, As of today at least 3,737 members of the US military have died since the beginning of the Iraq war in March 2003. The figure includes seven military civilians. At least 3,061 died as a result of hostile action. Iraqi health officials said up to 10 people have died from cholera in northern Iraq.
    (AP, 9/1/07)(SFC, 9/1/07, p.A6)

2007        Sep 1, In Basra gunmen on a motorcycle assassinated Muslim al-Batat, an aide to the country's top Shiite cleric, Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani. US National Public Radio said a draft report from the US embassy in Baghdad says PM Maliki's government is failing to stop officials from committing fraud and is undermining its own watchdog agency, preventing it from carrying out effective investigations. The Hunter unmanned aerial vehicle, or UAV, dropped a precision bomb on two suspected insurgents believed to be preparing to plant roadside bombs. This was the US Army's first-ever use of a drone aircraft to kill enemy fighters in Iraq.
    (AP, 9/1/07)(AFP, 9/1/07)(AP, 9/8/07)

2007        Sep 2, It was reported that at least 1,809 civilians had been killed in August across Iraq, compared to 1,760 in July. This brought to 27,564 the number of civilians killed since the Associated Press began collecting data on April 28, 2005. A US soldier was killed and three others injured when a roadside bomb blew up next to their patrol outside of Baghdad.
    (SSFC, 9/2/07, p.A20)(AP, 9/3/07)

2007        Sep 3, Iraqi soldiers hoisted the nation's flag over the Basra palace compound after British troops withdrew from their last garrison in the city, leaving the country's second biggest city largely in the hands in the hands of Iranian-backed Shiite militias. In a statement posted on an Islamic Web site, the Islamic State of Iraq, made up of 8 insurgent groups, including al-Qaida in Iraq, said its leader Abu Omar al-Baghdadi chose Mohammed Khalil al-Badria for the education position. The so-called 10-member "Islamic Cabinet" was set up in April to challenge the Iraqi government. President Bush made a surprise visit to al-Asad Air Base west of Baghdad, hoping to bolster his case that the buildup of US troops is helping stabilizing the country.
    (AP, 9/3/07)

2007        Sep 4, An Iraqi appeals court upheld death sentences imposed against "Chemical Ali" al-Majid and two other Saddam Hussein lieutenants convicted of crimes against humanity for their roles in a massacre of Kurds. 3 separate attacks in Baghdad killed four US soldiers and at least 11 civilians.
    (AP, 9/4/07)(AP, 9/5/07)

2007        Sep 5, In Karbala US forces captured an Iraqi believed to be working as the local contact to the Iranian Revolutionary Guards Corps's elite Quds Force to supply Shiite militias with Iranian-made weapons.
    (AP, 9/5/07)

2007        Sep 6, The Iraqi government announced it was adding millions of dollars to the budget of the western province of Anbar to help rebuild the region. Gunmen opened fire on Sunni worshippers in a drive-by shooting following evening prayers in Kirkuk, killing at least three people and wounding four. American and Iraqi Special Forces clashed with suspected Shiite militiamen in western Baghdad before calling in airstrikes. Residents and police said at least 14 people were killed. A roadside bomb exploded next to a group of construction workers in the predominantly Shiite area of Zafaraniyah, killing one and injuring five. Authorities discovered five bodies, two in Baghdad's southern Dora area and 3 in the western Amil area, all blindfolded and shot with their hands bound. In Tikrit a car bomb near a gas station killed two civilians and wounded 14 others. In several operations targeting al-Qaida in Iraq, US troops killed six terrorist suspects and detained 25 others. Four US Marines were killed in fighting in Anbar province, and three soldiers were killed by a roadside bomb in northern Iraq.
    (AP, 9/6/07)(AP, 9/7/07)

2007        Sep 7, Grand Ayatollah Mohammad Eshagh al-Fayyadh, one of the top four Shiite clerics in Iraq, called on Muslims to keep religion out of politics and not use mosques and religious events for the interest of political groups, sects or personalities. A roadside bomb struck an Iraqi army patrol near Baqouba, killing one soldier and wounding two, while another roadside bomb killed one civilian and wounded four others southeast of Baghdad. 3 men were killed in an operation targeting a suspected al-Qaida in Iraq leader north of Baghdad. Gen. David Petraeus, the top US commander in Iraq, conceded that the buildup of American combat forces has fallen short of its goal of prompting Iraqi political progress. A US Marine died in Iraq's Anbar province in a non-combat situation.
    (AP, 9/7/07)(AP, 9/9/07)

2007        Sep 8, A small Sunni Arab bloc ended its parliamentary boycott, returning to the legislature as it considers key benchmark legislation demanded by Washington amid increasing pressure to end the political deadlock. A suicide bomber drove through a checkpoint and blew up his car in Baghdad's Shiite district of Sadr City, killing at least 15 people in an attack apparently aimed at a nearby market. A bomb went off midday at a crowded market in the Shiite city of Kufa, 100 miles south of Baghdad, killing four and injuring five. Gunmen in Najaf killed Mohammed al-Qarawi, director of tribal affairs in anti-American cleric Muqtada al-Sadr's office. A mortar shell hit a house in the predominantly Shiite neighborhood of Baladiyat in eastern Baghdad, killing two people and wounding three.
    (AP, 9/8/07)

2007        Sep 9, Iraq's Foreign Minister Hoshyar Zebari urged neighbors to prevent "terrorists and killers" from crossing into his country and warned that the violence in Iraq could spill across its borders. A mortar attack in a predominantly Shiite neighborhood in Baghdad killed one person, and an explosion in a booby-trapped minibus south of the capital, in Mahmoudiya, also killed one. A coordinated attack on a police station in Hajaj, a predominantly Sunni village in northern Iraq, left five policemen and four civilians dead before the gunmen were driven off with the help of residents. A US airstrike in northern Iraq killed an insurgent suspected to be behind the quadruple suicide bombings in August against communities of Yazidis.
    (AP, 9/9/07)

2007        Sep 10, PM Nouri al-Maliki told lawmakers that Iraqi forces were not ready to take over security from the US military across the country. US and Iraqi troops backed by helicopters killed three civilians in the Shiite slum of Sadr City in a pre-dawn raid on the home of a suspected militia leader. A bomb blew up around noon near the Shiite Buratha mosque in northern Baghdad, killing two civilians and wounding six others. An insurgent group in Iraq posted a videotape that showed a German hostage who has been held for more than six months and threatened to kill him unless Germany withdrew its troops from Afghanistan within 10 days. The US command said that a US soldier, whose patrol in the Kirkuk area was hit with rockets a day earlier, had died from injuries sustained in the attack. In the Sunni city of Samarra US and Iraqi troops got into a fierce firefight with suspected al-Qaida in Iraq fighters in a morning assault. 12 of the insurgents were killed and 3 US soldiers were wounded. In western Baghdad 7 US soldiers were killed in a vehicle accident that also claimed the lives of two detainees. Another US soldier was killed and two were injured when their vehicle overturned east of Baghdad.
    (AP, 9/10/07)
2007        Sep 10, America's top commander in Iraq, Gen. David Petraeus, and Ambassador Ryan Crocker testified before Congress about the unpopular Iraq war. Petraeus said last winter's buildup in US troops had met its military objectives "in large measure" and that he envisions the withdrawal of roughly 30,000 US troops by next summer. MoveOn.org, an online network of Americans opposed to the war, published a full-page ad in the NY Times with a banner headline saying “General Petraeus or General Betray Us.”
    (AP, 9/11/07)(Econ, 9/29/07, p.35)
2007        Sep 10, It was reported that the regional government of Kurdistan had signed a deal with Dallas-based Hunt Oil Co. to explore for oil in their region.
    (WSJ, 9/10/07, p.A1)

2007        Sep 11, Iraqi health officials said the cholera epidemic in northern Iraq has infected some 7,000 people and could reach Baghdad within a few weeks. Insurgents fired rockets or mortars at the sprawling garrison that houses the headquarters of American forces in Iraq, killing one person and wounding 11 coalition soldiers.
    (AP, 9/12/07)(SFC, 9/12/07, p.A14)

2007        Sep 12, Gunmen ambushed an Iraqi police checkpoint in the Gayara area south of Mosul before dawn, killing six officers in a sophisticated attack on fledgling Iraqi security installations. In Diyala's al Salam area, gunmen opened fire on a car at 9 a.m. killing two and wounding two others. An hour later in another area, assailants shot into a crowd in central Muqdadiyah killing two and wounding two. Other scattered violence left at least five other Iraqis dead, including a civilian killed by a roadside bomb on Palestine Street, a popular shopping district in Baghdad. The bomb targeted a passing convoy of SUVs, and left five other people wounded. Robbers dressed as police commandos hijacked an armored truck in eastern Baghdad, bound and gagged its guards, and made off with about $550,000 in Iraqi currency.
    (AP, 9/12/07)

2007        Sep 13, Abdul-Sattar Abu Risha, the most prominent figure in a US-backed revolt of Sunni sheiks against al-Qaida in Iraq, was killed with two of his bodyguards by a bomb planted near his home in Anbar province, 10 days after he met with President Bush. In a helicopter assault mission in Karmah, Anbar province, three suspected insurgents were killed and three American soldiers were injured.
    (AP, 9/13/07)(AP, 9/14/07)
2007        Sep 13, Pres. Bush in a nationwide address said the US engagement in Iraq would stretch beyond his presidency. He also said 5,700 US forces in Iraq would be home by Christmas and at least 21,500 would return by July, 2008.
    (SFC, 9/14/07, p.A1)

2007        Sep 14, In Iraq some 1,500 mourners called for revenge as they buried the leader of the Sunni revolt against al-Qaida, Adbul-Sattar Abu Risha, who had been assassinated by a bomb claimed by an al-Qaida front. A suicide truck bomb hit a police checkpoint near Beiji, killing four policemen. South of Baghdad, unidentified gunmen killed three farmers who were taking their turn guarding a village. Farther south in the city of Hillah, gunmen attacked the home of Col. Hussein Ali Hassoon al Khafaji, an Iraqi army battalion commander, killing a guard and wounding another. US Defense Secretary Robert Gates raised the possibility of cutting US troop levels in Iraq to 100,000 by the end of 2008, well beyond the cuts President Bush had approved.
    (AP, 9/14/07)(AP, 9/14/08)
2007        Sep 14, Georgia’s defense minister said Georgia will cut the size of its military contingent in Iraq from 2,000 soldiers and other personnel to around 300 by next summer.
    (AP, 9/14/07)

2007        Sep 15, An al-Qaida front group warned it will hunt down and kill Sunni Arab tribal leaders who cooperate with the US and its Iraqi partners, saying the assassination of the leader of the revolt against the terror movement was just a beginning. Anti-US cleric Muqtada al-Sadr's followers announced their withdrawal from the Shiite alliance in parliament. Al-Sadr's followers hold 30 of the 275 parliament seats. An Iraqi soldier was killed when gunmen attacked a checkpoint in Baqouba. Police and army officials said eight civilians also were killed and five others wounded in attacks in and around Baqouba. A car bomb struck a Baghdad bakery crowded with customers lining up for bread, killing at least 11 people as they ended their daytime Ramadan fast. The leader of al-Qaida in Iraq offered money for the murder of a Swedish cartoonist and his editor who recently produced images deemed insulting to Islam. Fallah Khalifa Hiyas Fayyas al-Jumayli, an Iraqi also known as Abu Khamis, was seized. The al-Qaida linked militant was believed responsible for the Sep 13 death of Sheik Abdul-Sattar Abu Risha.
    (AP, 9/15/07)(AP, 9/16/07)

2007        Sep 16, In Iraq a booby-trapped bicycle exploded near a cafe serving tea and food during Ramadan fasting hours, killing at least five people in Tuz Khormato. Dozens of fighters linked to the Sunni-dominated al-Qaida in Iraq streamed into Shiite villages north of Baghdad, torching homes and killing at least 15 residents in Jichan and Ghizlayat. Blackwater security contractors opened fire in a predominantly Sunni neighborhood of western Baghdad, killing 17 civilians. At least 39 people were killed or found dead nationwide. In 2008 5 Blackwater guards were indicted for the shootings that left 17 civilians dead. On Dec 31, 2009, a US judge dismissed the case against the Blackwater guards. In 2014 Matthew Murphy testified that he saw Paul Slough fire at least hand grenades into a car where a woman and her son died. On Oct 22, 2014, a US federal jury convicted four Blackwater guards for killing 14 Iraqis.
    (AP, 9/16/07)(Econ, 9/22/07, p.61)(AP, 9/16/08)(SFC, 12/6/08, p.A6)(AP, 1/1/10)(SFC, 7/4/14, p.A6)(SFC, 10/23/14, p.A8)

2007        Sep 17, The Iraqi government said that it was revoking the license of an American security firm accused of involvement in the deaths of eight civilians in a firefight that followed a car bomb explosion near a State Department motorcade. Blackwater has an estimated 1,000 employees in Iraq, and at least $800 million in government contracts. A suicide bomber detonated his explosives-laden car near a busy market in Baghdad, killing three people and wounding 10 in an attack that apparently targeted a police patrol.
    (AP, 9/17/07)

2007        Sep 18, The Iraqi government rolled back against Blackwater, suggesting the firm's operations were only suspended pending completion of a joint US-Iraqi investigation. The Ministry of Defense said 20 Iraqis were killed, considerably higher than the 11 dead reported before. The Iraqi Cabinet decided to review the status of all foreign security companies.  Radical Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr called for all contracts of foreign securities firms to be annulled and blamed the government for failing to protect Iraqis. A car bombing occurred in a parking lot near the Health Ministry and a medical complex in central Baghdad, killing seven people and wounding 23. Another parked car bomb targeted a police patrol in Palestine Street, killing two civilians and wounding six. A parked car bomb also struck a busy market in northern Baghdad, killing six people and wounding 26. Two roadside bombs also killed a policeman and two civilians and wounded eight other people in separate attacks in predominantly Shiite areas of eastern Baghdad. A bomb exploded under an oil pipeline near the northern city of Beiji, causing huge quantities of crude oil to spill into the Tigris River. The US military blamed al-Qaida insurgents. An American soldier was killed in an attack in southern Baghdad. In Anbar province a US soldier died in a non-combat incident.
    (AP, 9/18/07)(AP, 9/19/07)(AP, 9/20/07)

2007        Sep 19, Iraqi troops killed 14 militants in clashes in the northern city of Mosul, following a failed suicide car bomb attack on an Iraqi army base in the city's eastern sector. A roadside bomb in Mosul killed one Iraqi soldier and wounded three. A suicide bomber detonated an explosives belt near a US Army checkpoint outside Muqdadiyah, killing one civilian. In a pre-dawn raid in Balad Ruz, US troops killed one Iraqi insurgent who the military said was linked to Iran's paramilitary Quds Force. A US soldier was killed during combat operations in the west of the Iraqi capital and another one died of non-battle related causes.
    (AP, 9/19/07)
2007        Sep 19, In Moscow Iraq's foreign minister said Iraqi authorities have arrested a man suspected of organizing the murder of four Russian diplomats in Baghdad last year. Hoyshan Zebari identified the suspect as a man named Abu Nur and said he was a member of the terrorist group al-Qaida in Iraq.
    (AP, 9/19/07)

2007        Sep 20, Iraqi soldiers arrested Col. Thamir Mohammed Ismail Husseini (Abu Turab), a high-ranking federal police official on suspicion of targeting Sunni Arabs in Baghdad for arrest and torture on behalf of radical Shiite militias.  An Iranian officer accused of smuggling powerful roadside bombs into Iraq was arrested. The suspect, a member of the Quds Force, an elite unit of Iran's Revolutionary Guards, was detained in the Kurdish city of Sulaimaniyah. A car bombing at an Iraqi checkpoint in Baghdad's Sadr City neighborhood killed two Iraqi soldiers and a civilian, and wounded seven others. A roadside bomb struck an Iraqi police patrol near a stadium in eastern Baghdad, killing one officer and wounding 5 people. The chief judge of the mostly Shiite Karrada district court and his driver were shot by masked gunmen in eastern Baghdad. Both died of their wounds later in a hospital. The US military said 7 Shiite extremists were detained following a pre-dawn raid by Iraqi special forces and US troops in Sadr City. Residents claimed a civilian and a 5-year-old boy were killed in the raid. An American soldier was killed in an explosion in Diyala province.
    (AP, 9/20/07)(AP, 9/21/07)(SFC, 9/20/07, p.A11)

2007        Sep 21, Iraqi officials said 25 people have been arrested linked to the assassination of Abu Risha, the leader of the US-backed revolt by Sunni Arab tribesmen in the western Anbar province against al-Qaida in Iraq. Cholera was confirmed in a baby in Basra, the farthest south the outbreak has been detected. American convoys under the protection of Blackwater USA resumed, four days after the US Embassy suspended all land travel by its diplomats and other civilian officials in response to the alleged killing of civilians by the security firm. Followers of Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani refused to attend Friday sermons in their mosques in the southern city of Basra, in protest of the overnight assassination of two aides to the country's top Shiite cleric, one in Diwaniyah province and the other in the southern Basra area. A roadside bomb killed a Romanian soldier near Tallil in southern Iraq.
    (AP, 9/21/07)

2007        Sep 22, Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice met with Iraqi PM Nouri al-Maliki at the United Nations in their first face-to-face talks since a Baghdad shootout involving guards from a US company protecting American diplomats.
    (AP, 9/22/08)
2007        Sep 22, Gunmen ambushed an Iraqi police checkpoint in Baqouba, killing one officer and wounding five others. A civilian was killed in Khalis, a Shiite enclave near Baqouba in the volatile Diyala province, when gunmen opened fire on his car. An American soldier was killed and another wounded when an EFP hit their patrol in eastern Baghdad.
    (AP, 9/22/07)(AP, 9/23/07)

2007        Sep 24, Iraq’s Pres. al-Maliki spoke in NYC at the Council on Foreign Relations. When  asked about the country's various problems, took a jab at the Bush administration, saying that the build-up of Iraq's forces after the collapse of Saddam's regime, was not handled properly. A suicide attacker struck a unity meeting of about 800 people in Baqouba, killing at least 24, including the city's police chief and other top officials.
    (AP, 9/25/07)
2007        Sep 24, Iran closed major border crossings with northeastern Iraq to protest the US detention of an Iranian official the military accused of weapons smuggling.
    (AP, 9/24/07)

2007        Sep 25, A suicide car bomber struck the police headquarters in Basra, killing at least 3 officers and wounding 20 people. In Baghdad at least 7 people were killed, six in a car bombing on a shopping street in an eastern neighborhood near a line of pensioners outside a bank. A US soldier was killed during a small-arms attack in an eastern neighborhood of Baghdad.
    (AP, 9/25/07)(AP, 9/26/07)

2007        Sep 26, Iraq's PM al-Maliki in NYC said national reconciliation was the key to ending the daily barrage of violence in his country. He called on world leaders to help bring bickering factions together but offered few political solutions of his own. A wave of bombings and shootings swept Iraq, killing more than 50 people. A suicide truck bomber struck a Sunni tribal leader's house near the Syrian border, killing at least five people in the latest attack by suspected Sunni extremists on provincial officials and tribal figures. A parked car bomb exploded near a group of black market gasoline vendors in Shurqat, killing five people and wounding seven. At least eight people were killed and 10 wounded in scattered violence in Baqouba, while the bullet-riddled bodies of a Shiite man and three sons also were found left on a street in an eastern section of the city. Northeast of Baghdad a policeman was killed and two others injured in Khan Bani Saad, and a civilian was killed and one wounded by random gunfire in Khalis.
    (AP, 9/26/07)(AP, 9/27/07)
2007        Sep 26, Officials said Turkey and Iraq have agreed to sign a counterterrorism deal cracking down on separatist Kurdish rebels holed up in bases in northern Iraq.
    (AP, 9/26/07)

2007        Sep 27, Iraq's Sunni vice president held a rare meeting with the country's top Shiite cleric to seek support for a 25-point blueprint for political reform. A parked car bomb struck a predominantly Shiite area in eastern Baghdad, killing one civilian and wounding two others.
    (AP, 9/27/07)
2007        Sep 27, In Iraq a road bomb exploded under a US armored vehicle killing US Sergeant First Class Randy Johnson. Fingerprints were later found on adhesive tape used to make two bombs leading to the arrest and May 21, 2015, conviction in London of Anis Sardar. Sardar argued that he had become involved in the conflict in Iraq to protect Sunni villages from attack by Shi'ite militias.
    (Reuters, 5/22/15)


2007        Sep 28, Iraqi PM Nouri al-Maliki rejected a US Senate proposal calling for the decentralization of Iraq's government and giving more control to the country's ethnically divided regions, calling it a "catastrophe." A military panel acquitted U.S. Army Spc. Jorge G. Sandoval (22) on charges he killed two unarmed Iraqis, but it convicted him of planting evidence on one of the men in attempt to cover up the shooting.
    (AP, 9/28/07)
2007        Sep 28, Turkey and Iraq signed a counterterrorism pact aimed at cracking down on separatist Kurdish rebels who have been attacking Turkey from bases in Iraq.
    (AP, 9/28/07)

2007        Sep 29, Three Iraqi soldiers and three civilians, killed in a suicide truck bombing near Mosul, were among 18 victims of sectarian violence across Iraq. Army sniper Spc. Jorge G. Sandoval (22) was sentenced to five months in prison, a reduction in rank and forfeiture of pay for planting evidence in connection with the deaths of two Iraqi civilians. 3 Sunni clerics were killed in Mosul. US aircraft killed more than 20 al-Qaida in Iraq fighters who opened fire on an American air patrol northwest of Baghdad.
    (AP, 9/29/07)(AFP, 9/30/07)(AP, 10/1/07)

2007        Sep 30, Gunmen in the main northern Iraqi city of Mosul sprayed the car of a Sunni politician with bullets, killing him and three bodyguards. Iraqi soldiers killed 44 "terrorists" over the past 24 hours. The operations were centered in Salahuddin and Diyala provinces and around the city of Kirkuk.
    (AFP, 9/30/07)(AP, 10/1/07)

2007        Oct 1, A suicide car bomber detonated his explosives just outside the gates of Mosul University, killing an agriculture professor. An umbrella group for al-Qaida in Iraq confirmed the death of Abu Osama al-Tunisi, a senior Tunisian leader linked to the kidnapping and killings of US soldiers last year. He was killed in a US airstrike south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/1/07)

2007        Oct 2, The United Iraqi Alliance, the Shiite bloc of PM al-Maliki, demanded that the US military abandon its recruitment of Sunni tribesmen into the Iraqi police force. Britain's PM Brown arrived in Iraq to meet troops and lawmakers and announced plans to withdraw more than 1,000 troops from Iraq by year's end, and Iraq said it will take over security from British forces in the southern Basra province within two months. 11 people were killed, including two women, a child and four police officers, in five separate attacks, including a suicide car bombing at a police checkpoint near Khalis, 50 miles north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/2/07)(SFC, 10/3/07, p.A3)

2007        Oct 3, Nearly two dozen previously unknown Iraqi insurgent groups announced a new coalition to fight foreign occupation but it also set conditions for talks with the US in a statement on a Web site affiliated with the country's deposed Baath party. The 22 groups said their leader is Izzat al-Douri, the highest ranking member of Saddam Hussein's former ruling party. The Polish ambassador to Iraq was slightly wounded and two civilians, including a bodyguard, were killed in a roadside bomb attack in downtown Baghdad. About 900 Polish troops are stationed training Iraqi personnel and 21 have died during the conflict. The US military said it had discovered a list of some 500 al Qaeda militants recruited to fight in Iraq from a range of European, Middle East and north African countries. The WHO said the toll of people in Iraq infected with cholera has risen to 3,315.
    (AP, 10/3/07)(Reuters, 10/3/07)

2007        Oct 4, President Jalal Talabani said Iraq has ordered light military equipment from China worth $100 million because the United States is unable to meet Baghdad's requirements. A government minister said the official Iraqi investigation into the Blackwater shooting last month recommended that the security guards face trial in Iraqi courts and that the company compensate the victims. Abbas Hassan Hamza, the mayor of the religiously mixed town of Iskandariyah, was killed along with four of his guards in a roadside bomb attack. Hamza belonged to Iraqi PM Nouri al-Maliki's Dawa party. In Baghdad, a car bomb exploded near people on line at a gas station, killing four civilians and wounding eight others. 3 civilians were shot by American troops near a checkpoint in Abu Lukah set up by Iraqis who have joined forces against extremists. A US soldier was killed by small-arms fire during operations in a southern section of Baghdad.
    (Reuters, 10/4/07)(AP, 10/4/07)(AP, 10/5/07)

2007        Oct 5, US forces backed by attack aircraft killed at least 25 Shiite militia fighters north of Baghdad in an operation targeting a cell accused of smuggling weapons from Iran. An Iraqi army official claimed civilians, including seven children, were among those killed in the raid. A Shiite militia leader accused of forcibly removing Sunnis from their homes north of Baghdad was captured in a raid. 3 Americans were killed in roadside bombings in Baghdad and near Beiji to the north.
    (AP, 10/5/07)(AP, 10/6/07)

2007        Oct 6, Radical Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr and chief rival, Abdelaziz Hakim, reached a truce to end bloodshed between their loyalists. The decapitated bodies of two members of an awakening council in Iskandariyah, south of Baghdad, were found. Both were Sunnis. In Baghdad a US soldier was killed and three others were wounded by a roadside bombing while they were taking part in a raid against suspected insurgents in the capital.
    (AP, 10/6/07)(SSFC, 10/7/07, p.A20)

2007        Oct 7, In Baghdad bombings killed at least nine Iraqis in three separate attacks, including one near Iran's embassy.
    (AP, 10/7/07)

2007        Oct 8, An Iraqi report called for the US government to sever all contracts in Iraq with Blackwater USA within six months. Iraqi authorities want the firm to pay $8 million in compensation to families of each of the 17 people killed when its guards sprayed a traffic circle with heavy machine gun fire last month. Former Blackwater security guard Nicholas Slatten and three other guards were later accused in the deaths of 14 Iraqis killed in the traffic circle. On April 8, 2014, a new indictment was obtained against Slatten weeks after a judge had dismissed all charges because of statute of limitation concerns.
    (AP, 10/9/07)(SFC, 5/10/14, p.A10)
2007        Oct 8, PM Gordon Brown said that Britain will cut its troop levels in Iraq to 2,500 in early 2008, trimming the force by nearly half. Britain ended up postponing the withdrawal amid a spike in militia violence.
    (AP, 10/8/07)(AP, 10/8/08)
2007        Oct 8, Iran reopened five border crossing points with Kurdish-run northern Iraq, closed last month by Tehran to protest the US detention of an Iranian official. An estimated 100 students staged a rare demonstration against Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, calling him a "dictator" and scuffling with hardline students at Tehran University.
    (AP, 10/8/07)

2007        Oct 9, Two suicide car bombers targeted a local police chief and a prominent Sunni sheik working with US forces against al-Qaida in Iraq in Beiji, killing at least 19 people. Three car bombs in Baghdad killed 15 people, including eight who died in an attack near the Shiite Khulani mosque. Drive-by shooters killed the deputy police chief in Mosul. A roadside bomb ripped through and outdoor market near a bus station in Jisr Diyala on Baghdad's southeastern outskirts, killing two civilians and wounding 10 others. The bullet-riddled bodies of three men in their 30s also were found on a highway in Hillah, apparent victims of so-called sectarian death squads largely run by Shiite militias. At least 42 people were killed or found dead across Iraq. Foreign security guards killed two Armenian Christian women when they opened fire on a car in the center of Baghdad. Iraqi authorities blamed the deaths on guards working for Unity Resources Group, a security company owned by Australian partners but with headquarters in the United Arab Emirates. The US military said nine insurgents were killed and 21 suspects detained during operations Oct 8-9 near Baghdad, Mosul, Beiji and Samarra.
    (AP, 10/9/07)(AFP, 10/9/07)(AP, 10/10/07)

2007        Oct 10, A roadside bomb targeted a US military convoy in Baghdad, killing an Iraqi bystander and wounding three others. In northern Iraq, a suicide bomber slammed his minibus into blast walls at the offices of a key Kurdish political party, killing a party official and a guard, and wounding five other guards. A parked car bomb exploded near a market in Saddam's hometown of Tikrit, 80 miles north of Baghdad, killing a policeman and a civilian, and wounding another policeman and three civilians. Two Americans soldiers killed in a mortar attack at Camp Victory and 35 other people were wounded.
    (AP, 10/9/07)(AP, 10/13/07)   
2007        Oct 10, It was reported that Turkey had begun shelling suspected Kurdish rebel camps across the border in northern Iraq. The government appeared unlikely to move toward sending ground troops until next week.
    (AP, 10/10/07)

2007        Oct 11, Clashes between suspected al-Qaida gunmen and police at checkpoints near Baqouba killed at least one officer and wounded two others. East of Baqouba, suspected al-Qaida gunmen took control overnight of 5 Sunni villages, killing 6 people. Gunmen killed 5 Iraqi civilians and wounded four in a morning attack on a minibus making its way from Khalis to Kirkuk. An ophthalmologist, the son of the local head of the Sunni Iraqi Islamic Party, was shot to death in Mosul. Six main Iraqi insurgent groups announced the formation of a "political council" aimed at "liberating" Iraq from US occupation in a video on Al-Jazeera television. A US ground and air assault targeting al-Qaida in Iraq northwest of Baghdad killed 15 civilians, six women and nine children, as well as 19 suspected insurgents.
    (AP, 10/11/07)(AP, 10/12/07)

2007        Oct 12, A parked car bomb went off near a police patrol in a central Baghdad shopping district, killing four people, including two policemen, as Iraq's Sunnis began marking the Eid al-Fitr holiday that ends the Muslim holy month of Ramadan. In northern Iraq, a bomb planted among toys in a cart left near a children's playground in the religiously mixed city of Tuz Khormato, killing 2 children and wounding 17 others.
    (AP, 10/12/07)(Reuters, 10/12/07)

2007        Oct 13, The police commander in Iraq’s northern city of Kirkuk escaped an assassination attempt, although the roadside bomb targeting his convoy killed one of his guards and wounded three others, along with one bystander. Police fatally shot a suicide bomber but his explosives-laden fuel tanker blew up near Samarra's police headquarters, killing 18 and wounding 27 others. Two Catholic priests were kidnapped on their way home from a funeral Mosul. The priests were released the next day.
    (AP, 10/13/07)(AP, 10/14/07)(AP, 10/15/07)

2007        Oct 14, A parked car bomb struck worshippers heading to a Shiite mosque in Baghdad, killing at least 10 people with 18 injured as Iraqis celebrated the end of Ramadan. An Iraqi soldier was killed and four others were wounded when a roadside bomb targeted their patrol in Khan Bani Saad, just northeast of Baghdad. Near the southern town of Hilla, a police officer was fatally shot by gunmen from a speeding car. Salih Saif Aldin (32), an Iraqi journalist who was shot while on assignment for The Washington Post in Baghdad. A US soldier died from a roadside bomb during combat operations in southern Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/14/07)(SFC, 10/15/07, p.A14)

2007        Oct 15,     Gunmen launched simultaneous mortar and machinegun attacks on two mainly Polish military bases in Diwaniyah, after Shi'ite militants vowed to step up pressure on Polish soldiers to force them out. US helicopters fired back during clashes that killed five Iraqi civilians, including two children, and wounded 17. Iraqi journalist Dhi Abdul-Razak al-Dibo (32), a freelance reporter, was killed while driving his BMW with his guards near Kirkuk.
    (AP, 10/15/07)

2007        Oct 16,     A car bomb exploded near an Iraqi army checkpoint in Baghdad, killing at least six people and wounding 25.
    (AP, 10/16/07)

2007        Oct 17, A roadside bomb exploded near a police patrol, killing at least seven officers in a Shiite area south of Baghdad. A suicide bomber driving an explosives-laden truck struck a checkpoint manned by Kurdish forces in Diyala province. The attack in a mountainous area near the Iranian border killed 2 Kurdish soldiers and wounding more than 10 others. A bomb exploded near a residential building in the predominantly Shiite neighborhood of Zafaraniyah, killing two civilians and wounding two others. US troops captured 15 suspected militants in operations targeted al-Qaida in Tikrit, Ramadi, Baqouba and Mosul. Those captured were accused of helping smuggle foreign fighters and weapons into Iraq, including five with alleged connections to Syrian-based extremists.
    (AP, 10/17/07)
2007        Oct 17, Turkey’s Parliament gave the government a one-year window in which to launch cross-border offensives against Turkish Kurd rebels who've been conducting raids into Turkey. The vote removed the last legal obstacle to an offensive.
    (AP, 10/18/07)(AP, 10/20/07)

2007        Oct 18, Sunni and Shiite leaders in southwestern Baghdad signed an agreement intended to halt sectarian violence on the condition that security forces limit their raids and offensive operations. Thousands of Kurds and supporters took to the streets in northern Iraq to protest the Turkish parliament's decision to authorize the government to send troops across the border to root out Kurdish rebels who have been conducting raids into Turkey. Gunmen in Baghdad killed Ahmed al-Mashhadani, an adviser to the leader of the largest Sunni Arab bloc in parliament, Adnan al-Dulaimi.
    (SFC, 10/19/07, p.A15)(AP, 10/18/07)(AP, 10/22/07)

2007        Oct 19, In eastern Diwaniyah, U.S.-led ground forces backed by two Polish helicopters came under fire from machine guns and an anti-tank grenade launcher. No coalition casualties were reported, but two militants were killed. A roadside bomb exploded near a minibus full of Shiite civilians, killing at least three people and wounding nine as they went to visit relatives south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/20/07)
2007        Oct 19,     Lt. Col. William H. Steele (52), a former US commander at the jail that held Saddam Hussein, was acquitted of aiding the enemy by loaning an unmonitored cell phone to an inmate, but a military judge in Iraq convicted him of unauthorized possession of thousands of pages of classified documents and two other charges for which he received two years imprisonment after pleading for leniency.
    (AP, 10/19/07)

2007        Oct 20, A roadside bomb exploded near a minibus full of Shiite civilians, killing at least 3 people and wounding nine as they went to visit relatives south of Baghdad. US-led forces raided houses in search of Shiite extremists elsewhere in the volatile area. The US military said US forces in Iraq discovered nearly 19 tons of explosives in a weapons cache north of Baghdad this week, one of the biggest finds of its kind.
    (AP, 10/20/07)(Reuters, 10/20/07)

2007        Oct 21, Kurdish rebels ambushed a Turkish military convoy less than three miles from the Iraqi border, killing 12 soldiers with 8 missing. The rebels said they are holding them hostage. Turkey shelled the border region in response to the attack, and Iraqi President Jalal Talabani, himself a Kurd, ordered the rebels to lay down their arms or leave Iraq.
    (AP, 10/21/07)(WSJ, 10/22/07, p.A1)(AP, 10/25/07)

2007        Oct 22,     Bombs struck Shiite targets in Baghdad, killing at least seven people and wounding two dozen. Iraqi Kurdish rebels said they were ready to lay down their arms if Turkey stopped targeting the rebels and abandoned plans for an incursion into Iraq, according to a rebel website. Osama bin Laden called for Iraqi insurgents to unite and avoid divisive "extremism," speaking in an audiotape and apparently intended to win over Sunnis opposed to al-Qaida's branch in Iraq.
    (AP, 10/22/07)(AFP, 10/22/07)(AP, 10/22/07)

2007        Oct 23,     A US helicopter opened fire on a group of men as they were planting roadside bombs in a Sunni stronghold north of Baghdad, then chased them into a nearby house, killing 11 Iraqis, including at least six civilians. Iraq pledged to rein in Kurdish rebels who are launching attacks on Turkey from mountain hideouts near the border after Ankara threatened to send forces into Iraqi territory to confront the guerrillas.
    (AP, 10/23/07)(Reuters, 10/23/07)
2007        Oct 23,     Turkey's foreign minister rejected any cease-fire by Kurdish rebels as he met with Iraqi leaders in Baghdad to press them to crack down on the guerrillas. Turkish forces massed on the border and tensions rose over a threatened military incursion.
    (AP, 10/23/07)

2007        Oct 24, Al-Sadr renewed his appeal to his followers to uphold the six-month cease-fire announced in August and threatened to expel those who do not. Nearly simultaneous bombs struck commuters in a predominantly Shiite area on the southeastern edge of Baghdad, killing at least nine people and wounding about two dozen.
    (AP, 10/24/07)(AP, 10/26/07)
2007        Oct 24, Turkish warplanes and helicopter gunships reportedly attacked positions of Kurdish rebels just inside Turkey along the border with Iraq, as Turkey's military stepped up its anti-rebel operations. Masoud Barzani, president of Iraq’s Kurdish region, called on the PKK to end its violence in Turkey.
    (AP, 10/24/07)(Econ, 10/27/07, p.61)

2007        Oct 25, Ahmed al-Janabi (45), a Sunni schoolteacher, was seized from his car in Baghdad, then shot to death by suspected Shiite militia fighters.
    (AP, 10/25/07)

2007        Oct 26, A high-level Iraqi delegation held talks with Turkish officials to try to defuse tensions over Kurdish rebels based in northern Iraq. Turkish helicopters and fighter jets pounded Kurdish rebel positions as diplomatic efforts began in Ankara.
    (AP, 10/26/07)(Reuters, 10/26/07)
2007        Oct 26, A suicide bomber blew himself up near the headquarters of a nationalistic Sunni insurgent group that has turned against al-Qaida in Iraq, killing a woman on her way to the market and wounding four other people. A bomb exploded near a village south of Buhriz, about 35 miles north of Baghdad, killing a farmer and wounding two others. A roadside bomb struck a police patrol in the Daghara area, about 12 miles north of the mainly Shiite city of Diwaniyah, killing two officers and wounding three others. A battle between al Qaeda in Iraq and a major Sunni Arab insurgent group killed at least 16 militants near the ancient city of Samarra.
    (AP, 10/26/07)    (Reuters, 10/27/07)
2007        Oct 26, A British soldier was convicted at a court martial of his part in a plot to smuggle guns out of Iraq and sell them to colleagues at his unit's base in Germany. Lance Corporal Anthony Creswick was involved in selling illegal pistols bought on the black market in Basra.
    (AFP, 10/26/07)

2007        Oct 27, Iraqi troops found 17 decomposed bodies of unidentified men near the restive city of Baquba in a grim reminder of sustained sectarian bloodletting, as 12 other people were killed in the country. Gunmen wearing military uniforms abducted the police chief of the town of Muqdadiyah in Diyala and his seven bodyguards. In Basra a local elections official was gunned down in front of his house. US forces seized a Shiite fighter and shot dead two others, accusing them of ignoring cleric Moqtada al-Sadr's order to freeze militia's activities.
    (AFP, 10/27/07)(AP, 10/28/07)

2007        Oct 28, In Baghdad 10 Sunni and Shiite tribal leaders who joined forces against al-Qaida were abducted. One sheik was soon found shot to death. Shehab Mohammad al-Hiti (27), editor for the fledgling weekly Baghdad al-Youm, was killed in Baghdad. A car bomb ripped through a Kirkuk bus terminal that serves travelers to Iraq's Kurdish region, killing eight people and wounding 26. Gunmen sprayed a car carrying five bodyguards of the head of local Sunni Endowments department in the turbulent city of Basra, killing one of them and injuring the rest.
    (AP, 10/28/07)(SFC, 10/29/07, p.A9)(AP, 10/29/07)

2007        Oct 29, A suicide bomber on a bicycle blew himself up in a crowd of police recruits northeast of Baghdad, killing at least 29 people, most of them struck by iron balls packed with the explosives. A group of Shiite and Sunni tribal leaders, meanwhile, were rescued, one day after they were kidnapped in the capital after meeting with the government to discuss how to coordinate efforts against al-Qaida in Iraq. The US military discovered a weapons cache in Turki village near Balad Ruz, 45 miles northeast of Baghdad. The stash included 20 rocket-propelled grenades, ten mortar rounds and three hand grenades. US Brig. Gen. Jeffrey Dorko was wounded in a roadside bombing in northern Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/29/07)(AP, 10/30/07)(AP, 11/1/07)

2007        Oct 30, In Baghdad, gunmen in a speeding car tossed a hand grenade into a crowd of shoppers in eastern Baghdad, killing one person and wounding five. At least four mortar rounds slammed into a village near Saddam Hussein's hometown of Tikrit, killing a woman and wounding five other civilians. Three US soldiers were killed after their patrol was struck by an explosive and small arms fire in Salman Pak.
    (AP, 10/30/07)(AP, 11/2/07)

2007        Oct 31, The Iraqi government rejected the findings of a US oversight panel that a dam near the northern city of Mosul is on the verge of a collapse that could cause flooding along the Tigris River "all the way to Baghdad." US helicopters opened fire after a ground patrol came under attack southeast of Baghdad, and Iraqi police said three officers were killed and one wounded in the strike. Two American soldiers were killed by an explosion near their vehicle in Iraq's northern Ninevah province.
    (AP, 10/31/07)(AP, 11/1/07)
2007        Oct 31,     The US acknowledged that it had undertaken military moves against Kurdish rebels in Iraq, including spy planes and providing Turkey with more intelligence.
    (WSJ, 11/1/07, p.A1)

2007        Nov 1, Bombs and shootings killed at least 21 people in attacks across Baghdad and its northern suburbs. US and Iraqi troops arrested 85 suspected insurgents in operations around the country. Two US airmen and an Air Force civilian were killed by an explosive near Balad Air Base.
    (AP, 11/1/07)(WSJ, 11/2/07, p.A1)(AP, 11/2/07)

2007        Nov 2, Iraqi police found only six bodies dumped in three Iraqi cities, and no reports of shootings or bombings. The prime minister of Iraq's northern Kurdish region condemned attacks by Kurdish rebel fighters inside Turkey and said he hopes a weekend summit in Istanbul will reduce the threat of Turkish military strikes inside Iraq.
    (AP, 11/2/07)(AP, 11/3/07)
2007        Nov 2, Speaking at a graduation ceremony at Fort Jackson, S.C., President Bush said US military deaths had fallen to their lowest levels in 19 months and the Iraqi people were slowly "taking back their country" in the wake of the American troop buildup there.
    (AP, 11/2/08)

2007        Nov 3, Two Iraqi officers were killed and one was wounded in three separate attacks south of Baghdad. The Basra police chief escaped an apparent assassination attempt. Iraqi troops discovered 22 bodies in a mass grave in the Lake Tharthar area northwest of Baghdad during a joint operation with US troops. It was the second mass grave found in the area in less than a month. The US military said that a female soldier was killed by a roadside bomb south of Baghdad, at least the 90th woman service member to die since the start of the Iraq war.
    (AP, 11/3/07)(AP, 11/7/07)
2007        Nov 3, Some 5,000 Turkish Kurds protested against a military incursion into Iraq, saying such a move would enflame ethnic tensions in the region and plunge the local economy into ruin. Iraq said it was ready to hunt down and arrest Kurdish guerrilla leaders responsible for cross-border raids into Turkey in an effort to avert a major incursion by the Turkish military.
    (AFP, 11/3/07)(Reuters, 11/3/07)

2007        Nov 4, Two carloads of gunman ambushed a top aide to Iraq's Finance Ministry in Baghdad, killing him and his driver. The two were among 15 people killed or found dead in Iraq. Kurdish rebels released eight Turkish soldiers in northern Iraq two weeks after they were captured in a deadly ambush that intensified pressure on the Turkish government to attack the guerrillas in Iraq.
    (AP, 11/4/07)

2007        Nov 5, In Iraq 6 US soldiers were killed in 3 separate attacks, including 5 from 2 roadside bombs near Kirkuk. The 6th died in combat operations in Anbar province.
    (AP, 11/6/07)(SFC, 11/7/07, p.A9)

2007        Nov 6, 2007 became the deadliest year for US troops in Iraq, with at least 853 military deaths.
    (AP, 11/6/08)
2007        Nov 6, Kurdish rebels released another Iranian soldier captured two months ago in northern Iraq.
    (AP, 11/6/07)

2007        Nov 7, The Iraqi Army said 17 bodies were discovered in a mass grave in an area of brush near a school in Hashimiyat, west of Baqouba. In Baghdad a Shiite math teacher was killed in a drive-by shooting in the Sunni-dominated Mansour area. Southeast of Baghdad, two children aged 4 and 8 were killed when a mortar struck their house. In Kut gunmen broke into the home of an Iraqi soldier and shot him to death. A suicide truck bomb exploded at the office of a Kurdish political party in Kirkuk and about 13 people were wounded.
    (AP, 11/7/07)

2007        Nov 8, Iraqi and US authorities freed 500 prisoners from a detention system strained to the limit by thousands of new suspects taken in campaigns to secure Baghdad and surrounding areas. Abu Abdullah, also known as Muhammad Sulayman Shunaythir al-Zubai, was killed north of Baghdad. He was later described as described as an experienced bomb maker and former associate of al-Qaida in Iraq leader Abu Musab al-Zarqawi. US Army Staff Sgt. Michael Hensley of Candler, N.C., charged with premeditated murder in three deaths, was acquitted of murder but convicted of lesser charges. The 3 deaths occurred April 14, April 27 and May 11 during operations south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/8/07)(AP, 11/11/07)(AP, 12/26/07)

2007        Nov 9, Former insurgents, who turned against al-Qaida in Iraq, launched an attack against the terror group near Samarra and killed 18 of its members. Abu Ibrahim of the Islamic Army asked the US military to stay away while the battle raged. Ibrahim said his group captured 16 fighters and lost 5 of his own men. The US military released nine Iranians from custody in Iraq, including two accused of being members of an elite force suspected of arming Shiite extremists. It said they were no longer considered security risks.
    (AP, 11/9/07)(AP, 11/10/07)(SSFC, 11/11/07, p.A23)

2007        Nov 12, In Baghdad an Iraqi taxi driver was shot dead by a private security guard protecting a convoy driving through the city. Tal Afar Mayor Gen. Najim Abdullah said Iraqi soldiers killed four men in clashes that lasted throughout the night after a tribal chieftain was killed in front of his village's mosque. The US military said Rocket and mortar attacks in Iraq have decreased to their lowest levels in more than 21 months.
    (AP, 11/12/07)

2007        Nov 13, In Iraq at least 9 Iraqis were killed, including a policeman and his 13-year-old son in a drive-by shooting.
    (AP, 11/13/07)
2007        Nov 13, Turkish helicopter gunships attacked abandoned villages inside Iraq, the first such airstrike since border tensions have escalated in recent months. Kurdish guerrillas killed four Turkish soldiers in a clash in southeastern Turkey.
    (AP, 11/13/07)

2007        Nov 14, Iraqi troops seized the west Baghdad headquarters of the Association of Muslim Scholars, a powerful Sunni Muslim group. Two bombs exploded on opposite sides of Baghdad, killing at least three civilians. Clashes were under way in two villages, one Shiite and one mixed, east of Baqouba. Five people were killed, two civilians and three al-Qaida members, and six others injured in the fighting. A leader of a Sunni group formed to resist al-Qaida in Iraq claimed that US troops mistakenly killed dozens of his fighters during a 12-hour battle north of Baghdad. He said he tried repeatedly to call the Americans and tell them they were fighting "their friends.” US military officials said American troops killed 24 fighters and captured 16 in a battle in the same area. Penetrators were used in an attack against a US Stryker vehicle near an entrance to the Green Zone, killing an American soldier and wounding five others. 2 Iraqi civilians also were killed. A US soldier was killed in an explosion in Diyala province that wounded four other soldiers.
    (AP, 11/14/07)(AP, 11/15/07)

2007        Nov 15, A suicide bomber rammed his car into a police patrol in Kirkuk, killing six people and wounding more than 20.
    (AP, 11/15/07)

2007        Nov 16, Iraqi police said 8 al-Qaida fighters were killed in a Shiite village near Muqdadiyah. One civilian killed by a roadside bomb outside a motorcycle shop in central Baghdad. Police found the bodies of two men, both with bullet wounds to the head, dumped in a barren area near Sadiyah, 60 miles north of Baghdad. The two were identified as brothers who had disappeared the previous evening in the same town. Muntadhar al-Zaidi (28), a reporter for the Iraqi satellite channel al-Baghdadiyah, disappeared. US helicopters dropped 600 troops into two villages south of Baghdad before sunrise, launching an assault on militants believed to be involved in the May kidnapping of three American soldiers.
    (AP, 11/16/07)(AP, 11/17/07)

2007        Nov 17, A mass grave filled with at least 33 badly decomposed bodies was unearthed in southern Baghdad. It was the third mass grave found in Iraq this month. The US military said its troops killed seven suspects and detained 10 in raids across central and northern Iraq.
    (AP, 11/17/07)

2007        Nov 18, Three members of Iraq's Olympic soccer team and their assistant coach left the team during a trip to Australia and are seeking asylum in the country.
    (AP, 11/19/07)
2007        Nov 18, Bombs planted along Iraq's roads and in a parked car killed at least four people in separate attacks. In Baghdad a car bomb targeting an undersecretary finance minister, killed 10 bystanders. 4 homicide victims were found in Baghdad. Two Iraqis were killed and four wounded in an incident involving a US military convoy in southern Muthanna province. Local officials said the soldiers had opened fire randomly and destroyed a truckload of sheep. In Baquba 3 US soldiers were killed in a suicide bombing that also left 3 children dead and 7 wounded.
    (AP, 11/18/07)(AP, 11/19/07)(SFC, 11/19/07, p.A13)

2007        Nov 19, In Iraq 3 officers were killed in an ambush on their checkpoint northeast of Baghdad. Ten people, most of them women and children, were wounded when a car bomb exploded in front of a police officer's house farther north in Albu-Jawari village, on the northern outskirts of Beiji. Muntadhar al-Zaidi (28), an Iraqi television reporter who was kidnapped in Baghdad last week, was freed. In Baghdad a convoy belonging to Almco, a US-contracted Dubai firm, was involved in a shooting that left a woman wounded. Iraqi troops detained 43 contract workers.
    (AP, 11/19/07)(SFC, 11/20/07, p.A15)

2007        Nov 20, A British Puma helicopter crashed southeast of Baghdad, killing two soldiers and seriously injuring two others. A sophisticated roadside bomb killed a US soldier and an Iraqi interpreter and wounded three other soldiers on patrol in eastern Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/21/07)

2007        Nov 21, A suicide car bomb exploded at a police checkpoint guarding a courthouse in Ramadi, killing at least six people in the largest attack on Anbar province's capital in months. Iraqi security forces found 40 decomposed bodies, including women and children, north of Ramadi near Lake Tharthar in an area controlled until recently by al-Qaida in Iraq. A police officer was killed in a drive-by shooting in central Kut. The US military said six suspected militants were killed and 10 captured in two days of raids across central and northern Iraq.
    (AP, 11/21/07)(AP, 11/22/07)

2007        Nov 22, Some 70 suspected al-Qaida fighters killed two Iraqi soldiers, then used their Humvees to kill at least 18 rival Sunnis, members of the Awakening Council, south of Baghdad. Armed civilians killed 15-20 of the insurgents in fighting that left 3 Iraqi soldiers and 5 civilians dead as well as 4 of the armed civilians. Iraqi security forces killed 19 al-Qaida fighters in Baqouba. Two civilians died and two others were wounded in the crossfire. A mortar attack struck the base in Balad, 50 miles north of Baghdad, killing one Iraqi and wounding two. A parked car bomb in Mosul killed 2 civilians. US military officials reported that about 60 percent of the foreign militants fighting in Iraq have come from US allies Saudi Arabia and Libya.
    (AP, 11/22/07)(Reuters, 11/22/07)(AP, 11/23/07)(SFC, 11/23/07, p.A14)

2007        Nov 23, Two bombs exploded hours apart in a central Baghdad pet market and a police checkpoint in the northern Iraqi city of Mosul, killing 26 people and wounding dozens. A parked car bomb targeted a police patrol in Shurqat, 155 miles northwest of Baghdad, killing one officer and wounding 15 others, along with one civilian.
    (AP, 11/23/07)

2007        Nov 24, In Iraq a US operation near Samarra killed 10 suspected Sunni militants. In the same area 2 men who were confronted in a vehicle detonated a suicide vest leaving both dead.
    (SFC, 11/26/07, p.A18)

2007        Nov 25, In Iraq a parked car bomb exploded in a crowded area near a medical complex in Baghdad, killing at least nine people and wounding more than 30. A roadside bomb targeted an Iraqi army patrol at an intersection in a northeastern Baghdad neighborhood, killing one civilian and wounding eight others. Masked gunmen killed 11 relatives of a journalist critical of the Iraqi government, according to colleagues and the media advocacy group Reporters Without Border.
    (AP, 11/25/07)(AP, 11/27/07)

2007        Nov 27, More Iraqi refugees, heartened by reports of the lull in violence in Baghdad, were beginning to return. A woman wearing an explosives belt blew herself up near an American patrol near Baqouba wounding 7 US troops and 5 Iraqis. East of the city, mortar rounds apparently targeting a local radio station instead landed near homes in the vicinity, killing two people, while a roadside bombing killed one civilian. US troops fired on vehicles trying to drive through roadblocks in Baghdad and north of the Iraqi capital, killing at least five people, including a child, in two separate shootings.
    (AP, 11/27/07)(AP, 11/28/07)

2007        Nov 28, Nearly 6,000 Sunnis joined a security pact with American forces in a bid to close escape routes for extremists. About 20 buses carrying hundreds of Iraqi refugees rolled into a Baghdad depot, the first from the Iraqi-funded effort to speed the return of families. An American soldier was killed by small-arms fire in Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/29/07)(WSJ, 11/29/07, p.A1)

2007        Nov 29, Iraqi police pulled six bodies from the Tigris River about 25 miles south of Baghdad. The bodies were handcuffed and had signs of torture and five, including a young child, had been beheaded. In Baghdad, a bomb on a minibus killed one person.
    (AP, 11/29/07)

2007        Nov 30, Iraqi police captured a suspect believed responsible for supplying and coordinating roadside bomb attacks against American and Iraqi troops. Gunmen abducted Raid al-Saaiy, the dean of a technical institute in Amarah, a Shiite militia stronghold about 200 miles southeast of Baghdad, leaving behind his car and driver. Adnan al-Dulaimi, head of Iraq’s largest Sunni political block (the Iraqi Accordance Front), was placed under house arrest after an employee was found with keys to a car rigged with explosives. Over 40 of his employees were detained including 2 accused of killing a member of a neighborhood watch group.
    (AP, 12/1/07)(SFC, 12/1/07, p.A6)
2007        Nov 30, Australian PM-elect Kevin Rudd said he would pull the country's 550 combat troops out of Iraq by the middle of next year.
    (AP, 11/30/07)

2007        Dec 1, Dozens of militants stormed Dwelah, a Shiite village north of Baghdad, killing at least 13 people and torching homes. The villagers fought back killing three gunmen. Elsewhere in the same region, Iraqi and US troops freed four villages from al-Qaida control.
    (AP, 12/1/07)
2007        Dec 1, The Turkish military said it fired on 50 to 60 Kurdish rebels inside Iraqi territory, inflicting "significant losses."
    (AP, 12/1/07)

2007        Dec 2, The number of Iraqis killed last month fell to 718. A roadside bomb targeting a police patrol in a Sunni-dominated neighborhood of Baghdad killed two officers. A roadside bomb targeting an Iraqi army patrol near Samarra killed three soldiers and injured four. Gunmen in two cars fired on a Sunni Interior Ministry aide, Maj. Gen. Fauzi Hussein Muhammed, as he returned home, killing him and wounding his driver. A mass grave with the remains of 12 people, including a paramedic who disappeared more than a year ago, was unearthed near Lake Tharthar, an area long controlled by al-Qaida in Iraq.
    (AP, 12/2/07)(AP, 12/3/07)

2007        Dec 3, Lawmakers from Iraq's largest Sunni Arab bloc ended their boycott of parliament over the "house arrest" of their leader, Adnan al-Dulaimi, who also attended the session. In Baghdad an Interior Ministry aide was gunned down in his car. The mutilated bodies of four guards at an oil facility who were kidnapped at a checkpoint on their way back from vacation were found north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 12/3/07)

2007        Dec 4, In Iraq Sunni Arab lawmakers ended a yearlong boycott of politics in Kirkuk, after the Kurdish majority agreed to allot one-third of government jobs to Arabs and appoint an Arab as deputy governor. A suicide bomber blew himself up near a police station in Jalula, northeast of Baghdad, killing at least eight people and wounding 30. Kidnappers of five Britons, seized on May 29, demanded that Britain pull all its forces from Iraq, according to a new video broadcast made on Nov 18. The US military said 40 senior al Qaeda in Iraq members were either captured or killed in November, including a senior adviser to the Sunni Islamist group's leader. Three US soldiers were killed in a "complex attack" involving a roadside bomb and small arms fire north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 12/4/07)(AP, 12/5/07)

2007        Dec 5, A blast hit the northern city of Mosul. Police said explosives hidden in a parked car killed a civilian and wounded seven others. A car bomb exploded in a largely Shiite neighborhood of Baghdad and killed at least 14 people. US Defense Secretary Robert Gates said during a visit to the capital that security and stability were within reach, although more work is needed. In Baqouba a suicide car bomber targeted a bus station and killed five civilians with at least 20 others wounded. In Kirkuk a parked car bomb killed three Kurdish soldiers in a convoy guarding a police chief.
    (AP, 12/5/07)

2007        Dec 6, Iraq suspended parliamentary sessions for the year. Drive-by shootings killed at least two people in separate attacks in Baghdad and Muqdadiyah. In Muqdadiyah suspects gunned down a US-backed security volunteer. Clashes broke out between Kurdish peshmerga soldiers and alleged al-Qaida gunmen who attacked a Kurdish checkpoint near Khanaqin, close to the Iranian border. A peshmerga spokesman said 8 Kurdish troops were killed and 5 wounded. 3 militants also died. The US military said its troops killed three suspected insurgents and captured 19 in raids targeting al-Qaida in Iraq along the Tigris River valley. US forces raided a house in the al-Hayy area south of Kut, killing two suspects and wounding two others. Two men were killed in Mosul, one who, wielding a knife, lunged at American soldiers as they entered a building, and another who was wrapped in blanket with wires protruding from it.
    (AP, 12/6/07)(WSJ, 12/7/07, p.A1)

2007        Dec 7, In Iraq’s Diyala province a female suicide bomber attacked the offices of an anti-al-Qaida group that has joined forces with the US, killing 16 people. The bomber was a former member of Saddam Hussein's Baath Party whose two sons joined al-Qaida and were killed by Iraqi security forces. A second attack at a checkpoint manned by Iraqi soldiers and another of the US-backed groups killed 10 people.
    (AP, 12/7/07)(AFP, 12/7/07)

2007        Dec 8, A suicide truck bomber attacked a police station in Beiji, one of Iraq's major oil hubs, killing at least seven people and injuring 13 in a neighborhood home to many refinery workers and engineers. In southeastern Kut a rocket landed on the home of a senior member of the local Sadrist bloc of Shiite politicians, killing him, his wife and their two children. Ten suspected militants were killed in a gunfight and airstrike outside Youssifiyah. In a raid outside Jalula US forces moving against a suspected al-Qaida in Iraq member killed one suspect and discovered an ammunition cache. Two other raids in Mosul and Samarra left one suspected militant dead and 11 detained.
    (AP, 12/8/07)
2007        Dec 8-2007 Dec 11, US soldiers carrying out operations in volatile Diyala province north of Baghdad found graves containing 26 bodies next to what they called a torture center where chains were attached to blood-spattered walls and a metal bed frame was still connected to an electrical shock system. Soldiers found a total of nine caches containing a surface-to-air missile launcher, sniper rifles, 130 pounds of homemade explosives and numerous mortar tubes and rounds, among other weapons.
    (AP, 12/20/07)

2007        Dec 9, Maj. Gen. Jalil Khalaf, the police chief of Basra, said religious vigilantes have killed at least 40 women this year there because of how they dressed. A roadside bomb struck a convoy carrying Brig. Gen. Qais al-Maamouri, the police chief of Babil, the provincial capital of Hillah, a predominantly Shiite province south of Baghdad, killing him and two of his bodyguards. British PM Gordon Brown flew into southern Iraq to rally troops and confirm that Iraqi forces will take command of the last region under British control in mid-December.
    (AP, 12/9/07)(AP, 12/10/07)

2007        Dec 10, In Baghdad mortar shells slammed into an Interior Ministry prison, killing at least seven inmates and wounding 23. A roadside bomb targeting a police patrol in eastern Baghdad killed one policeman and injured five other people. Gunmen on motorcycles fatally shot Dr. Ibrahim Mohammed Ajil, the head of Iraq's largest psychiatric hospital, as he was returning home from work. Iraqi security forces rounded up several Shiite militia fighters in raids targeting suspects in the assassination of a US-backed provincial police chief south of Baghdad. A fire broke out at one of Iraq's main oil refineries, but the US military said it was due to an industrial accident, not an attack. It was reported that some 1,217 people in Iraq’s northern Sulaymaniya province have been infected with cholera since late August.
    (AP, 12/10/07)(SFC, 12/10/07, p.A13)(AP, 12/11/07)

2007        Dec 11, It was reported that policewomen in Iraq have been told to hand in their guns. Female recruits had dropped to zero since Iraqi authorities took over police recruitment and training in 2006. The US had begun training women in 2004 and graduated 1000 from the police academy. A suicide car bomber detonated his explosives at a checkpoint protecting the compounds of Iraq's former prime minister and a Sunni lawmaker, killing two guards in a neighborhood bordering the fortified Green Zone.
    (WSJ, 12/12/07, p.B12)(AP, 12/11/07)

2007        Dec 12, Three car bombs exploded in quick succession in the market district of Amarah, a southern Iraqi city, killing at least 25 people with 150 wounded. The city is the provincial capital of Maysan province, which borders Iran. In eastern Baghdad a parked car bomb apparently targeting a passing police patrol killed five civilians. 13 people were wounded in the late afternoon explosion in Ghadeer. In the Kurdish dominated town of Khanaqin, 90 miles northeast of Baghdad, a roadside bomb killed four civilians and wounded 12. A mass grave holding 16 bodies, all but four of them decapitated, was found in a palm grove in a former al-Qaida in Iraq stronghold outside Muqdadiyah. US soldiers killed two suspected insurgents and destroyed a weapons cache in the village of Bawi, on the outskirts of Salman Pak.
    (AP, 12/12/07)(AP, 12/13/07)(AP, 12/12/08)

2007        Dec 13, In Mosul gunmen stormed a house and killed the woman who owns it, apparently because she had turned a room in the home into a beauty salon. A car bomb went off about 100 yards away from the Italian Embassy in the northern Baghdad neighborhood of Waziriyah. 3 policemen and 4 civilians were wounded. An American soldier was shot to death in an attack in southern Baghdad and another was shot and killed in northern Ninevah province.
    (AP, 12/13/07)(AP, 12/14/07)(AP, 12/15/07)

2007        Dec 14, In northern and central Iraq US forces targeting al-Qaida in Iraq detained 18 suspects and killed four.
    (AP, 12/16/07)

2007        Dec 15, Bomb blasts, ambushes and gunfights left 11 people dead across Iraq, including 4 members of US-backed security patrols.
    (SSFC, 12/16/07, p.A15)

2007        Dec 16, British forces formally handed over responsibility for Basra, the last region in Iraq under their control, marking the start of what Britain hopes will be a transition to a mission aimed at aiding the economy and providing jobs in an oil-rich region beset by militia infighting. A total of 174 British personnel have died in Iraq since the March 2003 invasion. The venture cost Britain some $10 billion.
    (Econ, 12/22/07, p.94)(AP, 12/16/08)
2007        Dec 16, Turkish warplanes hit Kurdish rebel targets, marking an escalation of force against the outlawed separatist group. An Iraqi official said the planes attacked several villages, killing one woman. Turkey’s military later said up to 175 rebels were killed on this day. A Kurdish leader said the figure was exaggerated.
    (AP, 12/16/07)(AP, 12/25/07)

2007        Dec 17, Al-Qaida's No. 2 Ayman al-Zawahri warned of "traitors" among insurgents in Iraq and called on Iraqi Sunni Arab tribes to purge those who help the Americans in a new videotape posted on the Web.
    (AP, 12/17/07)

2007        Dec 18, About 250 Iraqi police raided three villages near Hawija, about 30 miles southwest of Kirkuk, in an operation against suspected al-Qaida in Iraq militants. Police detained 12 al-Qaida in Iraq suspects as well as another eight people, and seized a large weapons cache that included 2,500 mortar rounds, 350 Katyusha rockets, about 150 improvised bombs and about 500 mines. A car bomb targeting a police patrol exploded in central Baghdad killing two policeman and two civilians. A suicide bomber blew himself up inside a cafe near Baquba, killing 13 people and wounding 24.
    (AP, 12/18/07)(AFP, 12/18/07)
2007        Dec 18, The Turkish army sent soldiers about 1.5 miles into northern Iraq in an overnight operation. A Turkish official said the troops seeking Kurdish rebels were still in Iraq by midmorning.
    (AP, 12/18/07)
2007        Dec 18, The UN Security Council voted unanimously to extend the US-led multinational force in Iraq for one year, a move that Iraq's prime minister said would be his nation's "final request" for help.
    (AP, 12/18/07)

2007        Dec 20, A suicide bomber blew himself up outside a city council meeting in Kanaan northeast of Baghdad, killing 6 people, including a US soldier, during a 4-day Islamic holiday. In Baghdad a car bomb exploded outside a liquor store, killing 4 civilians and wounding 36. At least 17 suspected al-Qaeda gunmen were killed in clashes overnight with Iraqi and US troops west of Baquba. An Iraqi soldier was killed in a road bomb attack in Baquba. One al-Qaeda militant was killed by security forces in the town of Abbarah, north of Baquba.
    (AFP, 12/20/07)(SFC, 12/21/07, p.A19)

2007        Dec 21, New Australian PM Kevin Rudd met with al-Maliki during a surprise visit to Baghdad. Rudd said that after the troops withdraw in June, Australia will continue to help train the Iraqi police force and army. A gunmen attacked a family in Diyala province near Balad Ruz, killing two men and kidnapping a third. Just east of Baqouba, the capital of Diyala, two men standing in front of their house were killed by unknown armed men. A double roadside bomb attack killed one US soldier and wounded 11 in northern Kirkuk province.
    (AP, 12/21/07)(Reuters, 12/22/07)

2007        Dec 22, Iraqi Defense Minister Abdul-Qadir al-Obaidi, who is himself a Sunni, said Sunni militias, known as Awakening Councils, will not be allowed to become a separate military force. A suicide car bomb exploded at a checkpoint manned by Iraqi army and police in the western Baghdad neighborhood of Ghazaliyah, killing 4 people and wounding another six. On the southern outskirts of the capital, a roadside bomb wounded five bystanders near a hospital in the town of Madin. In Mosul a roadside bomb targeting a passing police patrol killed one policeman and wounded two others.
    (AP, 12/22/07)(AP, 12/23/07)
2007        Dec 22, Turkish warplanes bombed Kurdish rebel targets in northern Iraq in the third confirmed cross-border offensive by Turkish forces in less than a week.
    (AP, 12/22/07)

2007        Dec 23, A roadside bomb targeting an Iraqi army patrol in Baghdad killed two civilians, as attacks claimed the lives of at least five people.
    (AP, 12/23/07)
2007        Dec 23, Turkish fighter jets bombed Kurdish rebel targets in northern Iraq.
    (AP, 12/23/07)

2007        Dec 24, A bomb hidden inside a minivan exploded near the Baghdad governor's office, killing two people and wounding six others. A train struck a minivan at an intersection near the town of Hillah, about 60 miles south of Baghdad, killing a couple and 11 children. 13 Shiite civilians were abducted north of Baqouba.
    (AP, 12/24/07)(SFC, 12/25/07, p.A4)

2007        Dec 25, In Iraq a suicide truck bomb exploded outside a residential complex belonging to a state-run oil company in Beiji, home to Iraq's largest refinery, killing 25 people and wounding 80. In Baqouba 10 people were killed and five people were wounded in a suicide bombing targeting a funeral procession for two members of an Awakening Council group.
    (AP, 12/25/07)

2007        Dec 26, In Iraq a bomb explosion in the northern province of Ninevah killed three children and wounded another two. An Iraqi soldier allegedly shot dead two American troops while they were patrolling together north of the capital. Three other US soldiers and a civilian interpreter were wounded in the attack. An initial investigation indicated that the Iraqi soldier was linked to local militant groups.
    (AP, 12/26/07)(AP, 1/5/08)
2007        Dec 26, Turkish warplanes hit eight suspected Kurdish rebel hideouts in northern Iraq, the third cross-border air assault in 10 days. Troops killed 6 rebels near the Iraqi border.
    (AP, 12/26/07)(WSJ, 12/27/07, p.A1)

2007        Dec 27, In Iraq a bomb left inside a bus in eastern Baghdad exploded and killed two passengers and wounded 12 others. US troops allegedly killed 11 members of a Mahdi Army splinter group in Kut. A local official said 4 people were killed and that they were innocent. Kut police said 6 suspected militiamen were killed. The military announced that it had detained two more suspects in the capture of 3 US soldiers on May 12. The US military said in a statement that troops killed 12 suspected al-Qaida in Iraq terrorists and detained 37 others during a Dec 22-25 operation near Muqdadiyah.
    (AP, 12/27/07)(AP, 12/28/07)(SFC, 12/28/07, p.A3)

2007        Dec 28, A car bomb detonated in a busy Baghdad market killing at least 14 people and ending what had been a relatively quiet holiday period in the Iraqi capital. The US military said it had killed four gunmen tied to al-Qaida in Iraq in an operation near Muqdadiyah in Diyala. Another was killed in a predominantly Sunni area south of Baghdad. 2 senior insurgents linked to al-Qaida were arrested. Ahmed Turky Abbas, the "defense minister" of the Islamic State of Iraq, an al-Qaida front group, was arrested in a village near Mahmoudiya, about 20 miles south of Baghdad. In Latifiyah the Iraqi army arrested Hussein Ali Turky, considered a local religious leader for al-Qaida in Iraq.
    (AP, 12/28/07)(AP, 12/29/07)
2007        Dec 28, South Korea's parliament voted to extend the country's troop deployment in Iraq for another year, amid protests by activists opposed to the decision. South Korea has 650 troops in Iraq.
    (AP, 12/28/07)

2007        Dec 29, Iraq's interior ministry spokesman said that 75% of al-Qaida in Iraq's terrorist network had been destroyed this year. Muqtada al-Sadr called for reconciliation between his followers and Iraqi security forces in Karbala. Osama bin Laden warned Iraq's Sunni Arabs against fighting al-Qaida and vowed to expand the terror group's holy war to Israel in a new audiotape, threatening "blood for blood, destruction for destruction."
    (AP, 12/29/07)(AP, 12/30/07)

2007        Dec 31, A suicide bomber drove a truck rigged with explosives into a checkpoint manned by members of a US-backed security volunteer group in a town north of Baghdad, killing at least 12 people. Another three people were missing following the explosion in the town of Mishada, 20 miles north of the capital. A female suicide bomber detonated herself near a police patrol, wounding five policemen and four civilians in the town of Baqouba. In the town of Khalis gunmen traded fire with police and Awakening Council members, leaving one council member and one policeman dead. A roadside bomb targeting a patrol near the Iranian border killed two Iraqi soldiers and injured another four. According to Iraqi health, defense and interior ministries, 16,232 civilians, 432 soldiers and about 1,300 policeman died this year compared to 12,371 civilians, 603 soldiers and 1,224 policeman killed in 2006. 2007 was the deadliest year for the US military since the 2003 invasion, with 899 troops killed.
    (AP, 12/31/07)(AP, 1/1/08)
2007        Dec 31, The International Federation of Journalists said at least 134 media workers were killed on assignment this year, most of them in Iraq, which has become the most dangerous place for journalists since the start of the US-led war there.
    (AP, 12/31/07)

2007        Dec, The US Army’s Combating Terrorism Center at West Point made public documents containing individual records of 606 foreign fighters who entered Iraq between August 2006 and August 2007. The documents were discovered in the Fall of 2007 in the northern Iraqi town of Sinjar. They indicated that 90% of the fighters were foreigners and had entered Iraq via Syria. 19% of the fighters were from Libya and 40% were North African.
    (SFC, 1/21/08, p.A14)
2007        Dec, Blackwater Worldwide Pres. Gary Jackson authorized secret payments of about $1 million to Iraqi officials. They were intended to silence criticism following the September 16 episode in which Blackwater guards shot 17 Iraqi civilians. This was acknowledged by former company officials November in 2009.
    (SFC, 11/11/09, p.A3)

2007        John Agresto authored “Mugged by Reality: The Liberation of Iraq and the Failure of Good Intentions.” From Sep 2003 to Jun 2004 Agresto attempted to guide the revitalization of Iraq’s 20 universities and 46 technical institutions as radical Islamic strictures were imposed.
    (WSJ, 3/22/07, p.D7)
2007        Ali A. Allawi, a US and British-educated engineer and financier, authored "The Occupation of Iraq: Winning the War, Losing the Peace." He concluded that the corroded and corrupt state of Saddam was replaced by the corroded, inefficient, incompetent and corrupt state of the new order."
    (AP, 4/8/07)(Econ, 4/21/07, p.93)

2007        The Sons of Iraq, an overwhelmingly Sunni militia, was formed as a paramilitary and neighborhood watch force. The US paid each member $300 per month to man checkpoints throughout Iraq. In 2008 there were some 103,000 members including about 18,000 Shiites.
    (SFC, 6/2/08, p.A8)

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