Timeline Iraq 2008-2016

Iraq A thru 1999
Iraq B 2000-2005
Iraq C 2006-2007
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2008        Jan 1, Iraq began curbing its food ration system. By June it planned to end the program altogether for many of the country’s citizens. A suicide attacker detonated an explosives-rigged vest at a Shiite funeral in Baghdad, killing 36 people gathered to mourn the death of an Iraqi army officer killed in a car bombing. In Jalula the bodies of a Sunni policeman and four of his relatives were found hours after gunman abducted them from their home. Also in Diyala province, a Shiite man and his 16-year-old son were killed in a drive-by shooting as they stood outside their home.
    (AP, 1/1/08)(AP, 1/2/08)(WSJ, 2/26/08, p.A5)

2008        Jan 2, In Iraq a suicide bombing in Baqouba killed seven people, including Abu Sadjat, a local tribal chief, and wounded 22 others.
    (AP, 1/2/08)(SFC, 1/3/08, p.A11)

2008        Jan 3, Iraqi PM Nuri al-Maliki held talks with PM Gordon Brown, notably discussing the plight of five Britons seized in Baghdad last year. Abdul-Aziz al-Hakim, a top Shiite politician, acknowledged the contribution of US-backed Sunni Arab groups to the decline in violence across Iraq and called for their use in the continuing fight against al-Qaida. The Samarra dam bridge, one of the entrances into Samarra, reopened. For the past 8 months, the entrances to the city were essentially closed due to the levels of violence. At least 5 people were killed in two separate attacks in Baghdad, one targeting a local member of the prime minister's party. One woman was killed and another civilian wounded when a rocket slammed into the primarily Shiite neighborhood of Washash in northwest Baghdad. Iraqi authorities ordered a one-day vehicle ban in Baqouba in response to a series of deadly suicide bombings and other attacks by al-Qaida in Iraq against predominantly Sunni fighters that have allied with the United States. The US military killed two insurgents and detained 12 in the Diyala region. But the operations also resulted in the deaths of two American soldiers the wounding of another in a small arms attack.
    (AFP, 1/3/08)(AP, 1/3/08)(AP, 1/4/08)(AP, 1/5/08)

2008        Jan 5, In Iraq a roadside bomb struck a passing minibus north of the town of Muqdadiyah, killing six people. In Baqouba another roadside bomb wounded three civilians.
    (AP, 1/5/08)

2008        Jan 6, Two Iraqi soldiers threw themselves on a suicide bomber who slipped into a crowd celebrating Iraq's Army Day, but the attacker detonated an explosives vest, killing both soldiers and nine other people. A series of attacks across Baghdad that left as many as 16 people dead. Near Muqdadiyah a joint Iraqi-US patrol discovered five severed heads. Near the city of Khalis in Diyala province suspected al-Qaida in Iraq fighters attacked the house of a local sheik and kidnapped him and 13 members of his family.
    (AP, 1/6/08)

2008        Jan 7, In Iraq a double suicide attack outside an agency that cares for Sunni mosques and shrines killed a prominent leader of a US-backed group fighting al-Qaida and at least five others. 12 people died in the twin bombing. In eastern Baghdad, a roadside bomb detonated near a technology university, killing four people, including a student, and wounding 11 others. In Baghdad's Jadriyah neighborhood, two roadside bombs went off minutes apart, killing one civilian and wounding four other people, including three policeman. Gunmen kidnapped 8 members of a newly-formed US-backed Shiite armed group in northern Baghdad's Shaab neighborhood.
    (AP, 1/7/08)(AP, 1/8/08)

2008        Jan 8, The US military said US and Iraqi forces have launched operation Phantom Phoenix to strike against al-Qaida in Iraq and other extremists, hoping to build on a recent reduction of violence and push militants from their strongholds. The head of the municipality of Baghdad's primarily Sunni neighborhood of Yarmouk was killed when a bomb attached to his car exploded. A suicide bomber detonated his explosives at a checkpoint manned by police special forces in the Madain area, about 15 miles southeast of Baghdad, killing two members of the special forces and wounding five people. 3 US soldiers were killed and two wounded in an attack in Salahuddin province.
    (AP, 1/8/08)(AP, 1/10/08)

2008        Jan 9, The WHO, based on door-to-door surveys of nearly 10,000 households, estimated that 151,000 Iraqis had died from the start of war in March, 2003, to June, 2006. 2 policemen were found dead inside their vehicle in the al-Azizyah area, 35 miles southeast of Baghdad. 4 bodies were retrieved from the Tigris River in Suwayrah, 25 miles south of Baghdad. 6 US soldiers were killed and four were wounded in a booby-trapped house in Diyala.
    (SFC, 1/10/08, p.A9)(AP, 1/9/08)(AP, 1/10/08)

2008        Jan 10, In central Baghdad, two bombs exploded almost simultaneously near a military checkpoint, killing two policemen and one soldier. 11 others were wounded, including four civilians. US bombers and jet fighters unleashed 40,000 pounds of explosives during a 10-minute airstrike, flattening what the military called safe havens for al-Qaida in Iraq on the southern outskirts Baghdad. Al-Jibouri, leader of Arab Jabour's Awakening Council, said the airstrikes killed at least 21 al-Qaida militants including a group leader.
    (AP, 1/10/08)(AP, 1/11/08)

2008        Jan 11, In Iraq an influential Shiite leader called for Sunnis and secular parties to rejoin the government and help break months of deadlock. In Baghdad a car bomb exploded near a bakery killing 4 people.
    (SFC, 1/12/08, p.A6)

2008        Jan 12, Iraq's parliament voted to allow some former members of Saddam Hussein's Baath party to reclaim government jobs and said others could receive pensions but could not return to work. A US soldier died after a bomb struck his vehicle in northern Iraq.
    (AP, 1/12/08)(SFC, 1/14/08, p.A19)

2008        Jan 13, In Iraq several Shiite and Sunni political factions united to pressure Kurds over control of oil and the future of Kirkuk, which the Kurds wished to annex.
    (SFC, 1/14/08, p.A19)

2008        Jan 14, In Iraq gunmen assassinated Sunni Judge Amir Jawdat al-Naeib as he headed to work in Baghdad. Gunmen who apparently followed two Iraqi soldiers from a military camp opened fire on them, killing both. To the north in Buhriz, a booby-trapped house exploded as Iraqi police searched the building. A police officer and 2 members of the local Awakening Council were killed. Haji Uday, a senior member of the Awakening Council in Baquba was killed in a collision with a dump truck. In Kut 4 people were killed when US troops opened fire in an intersection. Alternately the US military said a suspected criminal was killed when 2 vehicles failed to stop as they approached a US-Iraqi patrol in Kut.
    (AP, 1/14/08)(SFC, 1/15/08, p.A15)

2008        Jan 15, In Iraq 5 school children were killed after being struck by a car in the convoy of a top judicial official during a chaotic gunbattle with checkpoint guards in Baghdad.
    (AP, 1/16/08)
2008        Jan 15, Turkish warplanes bombed Kurdish rebel targets in northern Iraq in the latest in a series of cross-border air strikes.
    (AFP, 1/15/08)

2008        Jan 16, In Iraq a woman wearing a vest lined with explosives blew herself up near a popular market and Shiite mosque in turbulent Diyala province, killing eight civilians. Small arms fire killed 3 US soldiers conducting operations in Salahuddin province.
    (AP, 1/16/08)

2008        Jan 17, In Iraq a suicide bomber blew himself up inside a Shiite mosque on the outskirts of Baqouba, killing at least 11 and wounded 15.
    (AP, 1/18/08)

2008        Jan 18, In Iraq heavy security was set up in Karbala, where some 30,000 troops watched over hundreds of thousands of pilgrims performing the culmination of Ashoura rites. Militant Sunnis look upon Ashoura with contempt. They believe some of its rituals, like self flagellation and the use of images, amount to pagan worship and violate Islamic teachings. In Basra at least 44 people were killed, including seven officers, two civilians and 35 gunmen, after the fighting with members of the Soldiers of Heaven cult. Cult leader Ahmed Hassan Yamani was among the dead along with 4 police officers. About 60 gunmen were arrested. Aziz Khazim Alwan, the governor of Dhi Qar, of which Nasariyah is the capital, said at least 28 people were killed in that city, including 10 police.
    (AP, 1/18/08)(AP, 1/19/08)(SFC, 1/19/08, p.A7)

2008        Jan 19, Hundreds of thousands of Shiites beat their heads and chests and whipped themselves with chains across much of Iraq to honor the martyrdom of one of their most revered saints. Two bombs hidden under trash struck an Ashoura procession in the city of Kirkuk, killing at least two. A rocket attack also struck a busy market in the northern city of Tal Afar, killing at least 7 people and wounding 17. Three suicide bombers targeted a police station in Ramadi, the capital of Anbar and a former Sunni insurgent stronghold. Guards killed one attacker, but two others detonated their explosives at the entrance, killing at least five officers. A US Marine was killed during fighting in Anbar. A roadside bomb killed another soldier in the rural al-Qaida in Iraq stronghold of Arab Jabour. The soldier who died was the gunner who sits atop the MRAP vehicle. The V-shaped hull of the huge Mine-Resistant, Ambush-Protected (MRAP) truck is designed to deflect blasts from roadside bombs. Three crew members tucked inside the cabin were wounded.
    (AP, 1/19/08)(AP, 1/20/08)(AP, 1/21/08)(AP, 1/22/08)

2008        Jan 20, In western Iraq a suicide bombing killed six people near Fallujah. The attacker (18) was a relative carrying a box of candy at a gathering of tribal members to celebrate the recent release of a relative, Hadi Hussein, who had been released after more than a week in US custody. Hussein and five other people were killed in the blast.
    (AP, 1/20/08)(AP, 1/21/08)

2008        Jan 21, In Iraq a suicide bomber apparently targeting a senior security official blew himself up inside a funeral tent, killing 18 people in Hajaj. US troops killed two al-Qaida-linked militants and detained 18 during raids in central and northern Iraq. A parked car bomb exploded as an Iraqi army patrol passed by south of Mosul, killing two civilians.
    (AP, 1/21/08)(AP, 1/22/08)

2008        Jan 22, Iraq's parliament passed a law to change the Saddam Hussein-era flag, meeting the demands of Iraq's Kurdish minority who threatened not to fly the banner during a pan-Arab meeting in the Kurdish-run north next month. A suicide bomber detonated his explosives in front of a high school in Baqouba. One 25-year-old male bystander was killed and 21 people were wounded, including 12 students and eight teachers. Gunmen broke into a house and killed six men in a family for cooperating with the Iraqi army. The men had given information on al-Qaida movements to local Awakening Council members. A US soldier was killed and another was injured when their vehicle rolled over in the northern city of Kirkuk.
    (AP, 1/22/08)(AP, 1/23/08)

2008        Jan 23, In Iraq an explosion struck an apartment building in Mosul shortly after police arrived to investigate a tip about a weapons cache inside, killing at least 38 people and injuring 225. The huge blast destroyed about 50 buildings in the Mosul slum. It was later blamed on the Seifaddin Regiment, some 150 foreign and Iraqi fighters who entered Iraq from Syria a few months earlier. A relief organization later said more than 60 people were killed and 280 wounded based on estimates from relatives who buried victims without officially registering them. Gunmen opened fire on an Iraqi army checkpoint in central Baghdad, killing 8 soldiers and wounding two.
    (AP, 1/23/08)(AP, 1/24/08)(SSFC, 1/27/08, p.A7)(AP, 1/28/08)

2008        Jan 24, A suicide bomber killed Brig. Gen. Salah Mohammed al-Jubouri, the director of police for Ninevah province, and two other officers after they toured the site of the wreckage of a blast a day earlier that devastated a predominantly Sunni neighborhood in the northern city of Mosul. A roadside bomb also struck a police patrol in central Baghdad, killing two officers and injuring two, along with 3 civilians. In Karbala a roadside bomb targeted a senior aide of Iraq's Shiite spiritual leader Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani. The aide, Abdul-Mahdi al-Karbalai, escaped with a wound to the arm, but two of his bodyguards were killed and two were wounded.
    (AP, 1/24/08)(AP, 1/25/08)

2008        Jan 25, Iraq’s PM al-Maliki announced that the government was preparing to strike back against al-Qaida in the northern city of Mosul after two days of deadly bombings killed nearly 40 people. He promised the fight "will be decisive." The US military said that American and Iraqi killed an estimated 41 suspected al-Qaida in Iraq militants.
    (AP, 1/25/08)

2008        Jan 26, A security chief for Sunni tribesmen who rose up against al-Qaida in Iraq said the Jan 23 explosion in northern Iraq was spearheaded by foreign fighters under the sponsorship of Seif al-Islam Gadhafi, son of the Libyan leader. A former city official was stabbed to death along with his wife and daughter in their home in a predominantly Shiite neighborhood in Baghdad. An American soldier was killed by a bomb while on foot patrol in Baghdad.
    (AP, 1/26/08)(AP, 1/27/08)

2008        Jan 27, In Iraq an American soldier was killed in a roadside bombing.
    (AP, 1/27/08)

2008        Jan 28, In Iraq a roadside bomb struck a minibus carrying a coffin and mourners to a funeral in the predominantly Shiite southeastern neighborhood of New Baghdad, killing three passengers. Insurgents attacked 4 policemen heading home from work south of Mosul, killing two and wounding the other two. US troops detained 18 al-Qaida-linked militants in two days of operations ending today north of Baghdad. 5 American soldiers were killed in a complex attack in Mosul, described as one of al-Qaida in Iraq's last strongholds.
    (AP, 1/28/08)(AP, 1/29/08)

2008        Jan 29, A suicide car bomber targeted a US patrol in Mosul, killing at least one Iraqi and wounding as many as 15. Iraqi police north of Baghdad found 19 bullet-riddled bodies near the former insurgent stronghold of Muqdadiyah. In Baghdad a bombing at a checkpoint wounded five American soldiers and three civilians. Iraqi officials claimed it was a suicide bombing and said two people were killed. An Iraqi television cameraman and his driver were killed in a roadside bombing north of Baghdad. The female correspondent and camera assistant traveling with them were wounded.
    (AP, 1/29/08)(AP, 1/30/08)

2008        Jan 31, In Iraq militants fired 20 rockets at Britain’s airport base in Basra. British gunners responded with artillery fire and 10 Iraqi civilians were killed or wounded. A bomb-rigged car blew up in Baghdad killing at least 5 people in a Shiite enclave. 2 US soldiers were killed, one by a roadside bomb in Baghdad and another by a rocket or mortar attack on a convoy support center south of the capital.
    (AP, 2/1/08)(SFC, 2/1/08, p.A13)

2008        Feb 1, In Iraq 2 female suicide bombers blew themselves up in separate attacks on Baghdad pet bazaars, killing at least 68 people and wounding dozens. The attacks were the deadliest in the Iraqi capital since 30,000 more American troops flooded into the center of the country last spring. The next day officials raised the death toll to at least 99, including 62 people killed at the central al-Ghazl market and 37 others killed about 20 minutes later across town. PM al-Maliki said the suicide bombers were both mentally disabled and that their suicide vests were remotely controlled.
    (AP, 2/1/08)(AP, 2/2/08)

2008        Feb 2, Iraqi forces raided two villages north of the capital, killing seven suspected militants and arresting four others. Near Samarra, Iraqi police killed four men and captured a senior aide to an al-Qaida in Iraq leader. Near Tal Afar Iraqi commandos killed three wanted men and arrested three others. The US military accidentally killed nine Iraqi civilians near Iskandariyah during an operation targeting al-Qaida in Iraq, the deadliest known case of mistaken identity in recent months.
    (AP, 2/2/08)(AP, 2/4/08)
2008        Feb 2, An Iraqi government official said Iraq has halted oil exports to Austria's OMV, the leading oil and gas group in central Europe, to protest a deal with the self-ruled Kurdish region.
    (AP, 2/3/08)

2008        Feb 3, Iraq's presidency council issued a controversial law that allows lower-ranking former Baath party members to reclaim government jobs, the final step for the first US-backed benchmark approved by parliament. A senior Interior Ministry official and his bodyguard were wounded and his driver was killed by a bomb planted on his car. A mortar round slammed into a street in a northeastern section of the capital, killing an Iraqi soldier on foot patrol. An Iraqi policeman was killed in a drive-by shooting near Kut.
    (AP, 2/3/08)

2008        Feb 4, At least 3 Iraqis were killed and one child was injured after American soldiers stormed a tiny one-room house in the village of Adwar, 10 miles south of Tikrit, and opened fire. Iraqi police, relatives and neighbors said a couple and their son (19) were shot to death in their beds. Iraqi police said two young girls were wounded and one died the next day at a hospital.
    (AP, 2/5/08)
2008        Feb 4, Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said the UN has transferred $161 million from the defunct oil-for-food program to a development program for Iraq.
    (AP, 2/4/08)
2008        Feb 4, Turkey’s warplanes bombed some 70 Kurdish rebel targets in northern Iraq.
    (AP, 2/4/08)

2008        Feb 5, A new Iraqi flag, stripped of the three green stars of Saddam Hussein's toppled Baath party, was hoisted over the Iraqi Cabinet building in a symbolic break with the past nearly five years after the US-led invasion. In Taji, north of Baghdad, a suicide bomber detonated his explosives near the convoy of a sheik working with US forces, killing two of his followers. Those killed were members of the Taji Awakening Council.
    (AP, 2/5/08)

2008        Feb 6, Iraqi and US officials said videotapes seized during US raids on suspected al-Qaida in Iraq hide-outs show the terror group training young boys to kidnap and assassinate civilians. A roadside bomb exploded near a police convoy transporting suspected Shiite militia fighters south of Baghdad, killing four passers-by and wounding nine other people. At least 19 people were killed or found dead across the country. The US military said that its troops, along with Iraqi forces, had killed seven suspected insurgents and detained 45 others in five days of raids across Iraq. The US military said videos seized from suspected al-Qaida in Iraq hideouts show militants training children who appear as young as 10 to kidnap and kill. A US soldier killed by a roadside bomb in western Baghdad.
    (AP, 2/6/08)(AP, 2/7/08)

2008        Feb 7, In Iraq gunmen stormed a house near Baqouba, separated out the women and children inside and killed three brothers, all members of a US-backed neighborhood watch group. A roadside bomb killed three awakening council members and wounded eight others south of Baghdad. A truckload of weapons, ammunition and explosives were seized at an Iraqi police checkpoint at the entrance to Karbala. US troops captured an alleged Shiite militia leader and three other suspects in a raid south of Baghdad. 15 suspected militants were detained in sweeps through Sadr City, and one person was killed.
    (AP, 2/7/08)(AP, 2/8/08)

2008        Feb 8, Iraqi President Jalal Talabani welcomed an expected Russian decision to write off 91 percent of Iraq's estimated $13 billion debt, calling it a "historic turning point" in relations between the two countries. 5 American soldiers were killed in two roadside bombings, 4 in Baghdad and one in Tamim province.
    (AP, 2/8/08)(AP, 2/9/08)

2008        Feb 9, Iraqi police killed Abu Omar al-Dori, a local al-Qaida in Iraq leader, in his home in Samarra. 12 decomposed bodies were discovered in a mass grave near Baqouba. Iraqi police arrested 31 Shiite activists in early morning raids south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 2/9/08)

2008        Feb 10, In northern Iraq car bombs and gunmen struck new US allies, police and civilians. At least 80 people were reported killed or found dead in a spasm of violence that coincided with a visit by US Defense Secretary Robert Gates to Baghdad. A US soldier was killed in a roadside bombing. 8 masked gunmen wielding machine guns stormed the Sultan Palace Hotel in Basra and seized a British reporter and his Iraqi interpreter. Richard Butler was seized in Basra with his translator and held hostage for two months. Butler was rescued on April 14. In 2011 the Iraqi central criminal court issued a 15-year prison sentence against a defendant for kidnapping the British journalist Richard Butler.
    (AP, 2/11/08)(SFC, 2/11/08, p.A14)(AP, 2/12/08)(AFP, 7/2/11)

2008        Feb 11, Twin car bombs struck near the compound of Abdul-Aziz al-Hakim, one of Iraq's most powerful Shiite politicians, killing at least six civilians and wounding 20.
    (AP, 2/11/08)

2008        Feb 12, Hisham Michwit Hamdan (27), an Iraqi journalist who disappeared after leaving his offices two days ago to buy some supplies, was found shot to death in central Baghdad. A police officer was killed and two others wounded when gunmen in a speeding car attacked their patrol just south of Basra. Gunmen opened fire on a school bus in Diyala province, killing two girls and a boy and wounding the driver and two other pupils. The attack happened as the bus traveled between the predominantly Sunni town of Kanaan and the mainly Shiite town of Balad Ruz. Iraqi police and forensics officials said a mass grave with 13 decomposed bodies was uncovered in an orchard near Muqdadiyah.
    (AP, 2/12/08)

2008        Feb 13, Iraq's parliament passed three key pieces of legislation that set a date for provincial elections, allot $48 billion for 2008 spending, and provide limited amnesty to detainees in Iraqi custody. Following the session the parliament began a five-week holiday.
    (AP, 2/13/08)

2008        Feb 14, An Iraqi police officer in Salahuddin province said that a house in Zab belonging to a Sunni Arab and tribal leader was bombarded in a US air strike, and that six family members died. A US military account said troops returned fire from insurgents, killing two and then called in air support, which killed another four militants.
    (AP, 2/15/08)(SFC, 2/16/08, p.A6)

2008        Feb 15, In Iraq 2 suicide bombers, one apparently armed with a grenade as well as an explosive vest, killed at least three people and wounded 17 as worshippers left a Shiite mosque after prayers in the northwestern city of Tal Afar. 3 neighborhood security guards were killed and 2 others injured when US attack helicopters fired at their checkpoint south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 2/15/08)(SFC, 2/16/08, p.A6)

2008        Feb 17, In Iraq a female suicide bomber struck in a predominantly Shiite area of central Baghdad, killing at least three people in an attack that occurred as officials have been stressing the capital's increased security. In Mosul a police officer and two civilians were killed when a bomb in a parked car detonated. Two US soldiers were killed by small-arms fire in the volatile Diyala province.
    (AP, 2/17/08)(AP, 2/18/08)

2008        Feb 21, In Iraq 4 British soldiers were wounded near their base outside the southern city of Basra, an attack the Iraqi police described as a roadside bomb explosion that targeted a British patrol.
    (AP, 2/21/08)
2008        Feb 21, Australia's new government confirmed that it would withdraw its combat troops from Iraq by mid-year but pledged strong ties with the United States ahead of landmark talks this week.
    (AP, 2/21/08)

2008        Feb 21, Turkish troops launched a ground incursion across the border into Iraq in pursuit of separatist Kurdish rebels.
    (AP, 2/22/08)

2008        Feb 22, Muqtada al-Sadr announced that he has extended a cease-fire order to his Shiite Mahdi Army by another six months. A bomb hidden under a horse-drawn cart exploded in downtown Baghdad, killing three civilians. 2 policemen died when a booby-trapped car exploded in Tikrit.
    (AP, 2/22/08)

2008        Feb 23, In Iraq rockets or mortars hit the US-protected Green Zone. Shihab al-Timimi, the head of the Iraqi Journalists Union, was shot and wounded. A boat carrying 11 Shiites to the holy city of Karbala overturned in the Tigris river and six people drowned. a suicide bomb attack killed Sheik Ibrahim Mutayri al-Mohamaday, the leader of one Awakening Council in Saqlawiyah, in Anbar province. A group of gunmen first opened fire on a checkpoint, killing one police officer. Then three of the attackers armed with explosives belts stormed the checkpoint, two blowing themselves up.
    (AP, 2/23/08)(AP, 2/24/08)

2008        Feb 24, In Iraq a suicide bomber struck Shiite pilgrims as they were resting in Iskandariyah during a days-long walk to a Shiite shrine in Karbala, killing at least 56 people and wounding 68. Earlier, extremists attacked another group of pilgrims in the predominantly Sunni Baghdad neighborhood of Dora, killing three and wounding 36. In Hawija, about 30 miles southwest of Kirkuk, a parked car bomb went off next to a patrol of Sunni tribesmen who aligned with US forces to fight al-Qaida in Iraq. One civilian bystander was killed and 10 people were wounded.
    (AP, 2/24/08)(AP, 2/25/08)

2008        Feb 25, A roadside bomb killed four Shiite pilgrims and wounded 15 south of Baghdad in at least the third fatal attack on people traveling to one of their sect's most sacred gatherings. A suicide bomber in a wheelchair talked his way into Samarra’s operations center and blew himself up, killing the deputy commander, Abdul Jabbar Rabeia. Gunmen opened fire on a police convoy in Mosul. Four officers were killed in the attack.
    (AP, 2/25/08)
2008        Feb 25, Turkey's military said it had killed 41 more separatist Kurdish rebels in clashes in northern Iraq, raising the reported guerrilla death toll in a cross-border operation to 153.
    (AP, 2/25/08)

2008        Feb 26, The Iraqi government demanded for the first time that Turkey immediately withdraw from northern Iraq, warning it feared the ongoing incursion could lead to clashes with the official forces of the semiautonomous Kurdish region.
    (AP, 2/26/08)
2008        Feb 26, A suicide bomber attacked a bus outside the city of Mosul. The Iraqi army said 9 were killed and 9 injured. The US military put the toll at 8 dead and 8 injured. Gunmen in civilian clothes stopped two buses at a fake checkpoint on a highway in volatile Diyala province and kidnapped 21 men. They later released three women. 15 gunmen broke into a house in the village of Tuz Khormato, killing an Iraqi soldier and wounding his brother. In Hawija two members of the local awakening council, Sunni fighters who have turned against al-Qaida, were killed after gunmen opened fire on a checkpoint.
    (AP, 2/26/08)

2008        Feb 27, Shihab al-Timimi (74), the chief of the Iraqi Journalists' Union died of wounds suffered in an ambush on Feb 23. Shiite pilgrims headed to a major religious gathering were again targeted by extremists when a roadside bomb detonated near a bus in Baghdad, killing one traveler. US soldiers killed an Iraqi civilian who raised suspicion and failed to heed warnings to stop as he approached their foot patrol north of Baghdad. A young Iraqi man that may have been mentally disabled was shot and wounded after he ran toward a patrol in Tahrir. Jar Allah, also known as Abu Yasir al-Saudi, and another Saudi known only as Hamdan, were both killed in Mosul by a guided missile fired from a military helicopter. The wanted al-Qaida in Iraq leader was responsible for numerous attacks and including the bombing deaths of five American soldiers on Jan 28.
    (AP, 2/27/08)(AP, 2/28/08)(AP, 3/2/08)
2008        Feb 27, Turkey said the death toll for rebels reached 230 during the operation in northern Iraq that began last week. The death toll for soldiers stood at 24. Troops killed 77 Kurdish rebels in night-long clashes with 5 Turkish soldiers killed.
    (AP, 2/27/08)

2008        Feb 28, In Iraq the US military captured an insurgent leader who was recruiting and training women, including his wife, to wrap themselves in explosives and blow themselves up, the latest sign that al-Qaida in Iraq plans to keep using women to carry out suicide attacks.
    (AP, 3/1/08)

2008        Feb 29, In Iraq gunmen killed 3 people and abducted Chaldean Archbishop Paulos Faraj Rahho (65) soon after he left Mass in Mosul, the latest in what church members called a series of attacks against Iraq's small Christian community. A British serviceman was killed in a rocket attack in southern Iraq, taking the Britain’s death toll since the start of the conflict to 175.
    (AP, 3/1/08)(AFP, 3/1/08)
2008        Feb 29, Turkey's military said it has ended a ground offensive against Kurdish rebels in Iraq, but said that foreign influence did not play a role in its decision.
    (AP, 2/29/08)

2008        Mar 1, In Iraq 2 separate attacks on buses of Shiites killed five people and wounded 11. The US military said it had killed six insurgents and detained 13 suspects in the last 24 hours during operations against al-Qaida in Iraq in central and northern Iraq.
    (AP, 3/1/08)

2008        Mar 2, Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad said his landmark visit to Iraq opened a new chapter in "brotherly" relations between the two countries, which were once bitter enemies. 13 gunmen were killed and eight were injured in clashes with American and Iraqi forces in the town of Tal Afar. 2 police officers were also killed and four were injured. In two other separate attacks in Diyala, police reported that five people were killed when a roadside bomb hit a bus, while another assault killed a patrolling police officer. The US military found a grave in Samarra with 14 bodies, believed to be members of the Iraqi security forces executed by al-Qaida in Iraq. A car bomb in Samarra had killed four people, including one child. Police in Samarra, however, reported that at least seven people were killed and 10 people were injured. In central and northern Iraq US and Iraqi forces killed 9 suspected insurgents and detained 44 others in raids targeting al-Qaida. 3 Iraqi troops were killed in one of the operations. During the operation, the SWAT teams found bomb-making materials, a rocket-propelled grenade launcher, rifles, grenades, a landmine and ammunition.
    (AP, 3/2/08)(AP, 3/3/08)(AP, 3/6/08)

2008        Mar 3, In Iraq Pres. Talabani and Iran’s Pres. Ahmadinejad signed 7 memorandums of understanding on issues including industrial development, trade and customs. At least 23 people were killed and dozens were wounded when two suicide car bombs exploded in different parts of Baghdad. 3 police officers were killed by a parked car bomb in the town of Shikaat, north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 3/3/08)

2008        Mar 5, Iraq's cabinet gave the green light to the Oil Ministry to sign agreements with international oil companies to help increase the nation's crude output. An Iraqi official said Turkish warplanes attacked Kurdish separatist rebels in northern Iraq less than a week after the end of a large-scale ground operation. The US military freed two former Health Ministry officials after an Iraqi court dropped charges of kidnapping, murder, and corruption stemming from Shiite militia activity.
    (AP, 3/5/08)

2008        Mar 6, In Iraq an attack killed 68 people in a Baghdad shopping district. 120 were wounded. Many of the victims were teens or young adults.
    (AP, 3/7/08)

2008        Mar 7, Bombings in the northern city of Mosul killed at least 4 people and wounded 46. Twin bombings in the central part of the city killed one person and injured 14 others. An American soldier was killed during an operation in Diyala province.
    (AP, 3/7/08)(AP, 3/8/08)

2008        Mar 8, In Turkey Iraq's Pres. Jalal Talabani, on the 2nd day of his visit, said he wants a "strategic" partnership with Turkey, including getting the neighboring nation's businesses to invest in his oil-rich but war-torn country.
    (AP, 3/8/08)
2008        Mar 8, As many as 5,000 people took to the streets in Basra, protesting deteriorating security in the southern city where Iraqi forces assumed responsibility for safety last December. Two separate bombings in Diyala province left six people dead. The US military said that Iraqi security forces had discovered a mass grave near Khalis in Diyala province containing perhaps 100 bodies. Police also reported that the bullet-ridden bodies of 13 men were found near the same town.
    (AP, 3/8/08)

2008        Mar 10, A female suicide bomber in the predominantly Sunni town of Kanaan, 13 miles east of Baqouba. killed the head of a local group of Sunni fighters in who had turned against al-Qaida insurgents. A suicide bomber killed five American soldiers on a foot patrol after detonating his explosives vest in central Baghdad. 3 more American soldiers killed by a roadside bomb north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 3/10/08)(AP, 3/11/08)

2008        Mar 11, At least 42 people were killed across Iraq. A roadside bomb hit a bus traveling in southern Iraq, killing at least 16 civilians, while gunmen opened fire on another bus in the capital, leaving one person dead. The Pentagon said up to 90% of the foreign fighters in Iraq cross from Syria.
    (AFP, 3/11/08)(AP, 3/12/08)(WSJ, 3/12/08, p.A1)

2008        Mar 12, In Iraq coalition soldiers killed a young Iraqi girl after firing a warning shot at a woman who "appeared to be signaling to someone" along a road where several bombs had recently been found. Chaldean Catholic Archbishop Paulos Faraj Rahho was found dead near the city of Mosul, where he was kidnapped last month. 3 US soldiers died in a rocket attack on Combat Outpost Adder near Nasiriyah.
    (AP, 3/13/08)
2008        Mar 12, An Austrian weekly magazine reported that severed fingers of 5 Western contractors were sent to the US military in Iraq. 4 had been abducted on Nov 16, 2006. The 5th was abducted Jan 5, 2007.
    (SFC, 3/14/08, p.A15)

2008        Mar 13, A parked car bomb exploded in a commercial district of central Baghdad, killing 18 people and wounding 57. 5 members of an Awakening Council were killed when gunmen attacked two separate checkpoints near Tikrit. A female suicide bomber attacked an Awakening Council gathering in the village of Zab outside Kirkuk and 3 people were killed with seven others wounded.
    (AP, 3/13/08)(AP, 3/14/08)
2008        Mar 13, Chile said it has agreed to receive 117 Palestine refugees from Iraq who have spent months living in tents along the desert border with Syria.
    (AP, 3/14/08)

2008        Mar 15, Iraqi security forces clashed with a breakaway faction of Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr's Mahdi Army in Kut, leaving five dead and 15 wounded.
    (AP, 3/15/08)

2008        Mar 16, Sen. John McCain, the Republican Party's presumptive nominee for president who has linked his political future to US success in Iraq, was in Baghdad for meetings with Iraqi and US diplomatic and military officials.
    (AP, 3/16/08)

2008        Mar 17, In Iraq police said they found the bodies of three members of a US-allied group fighting al-Qaida in Udaim. Sen. John McCain stressed the importance of a US commitment to Iraq during talks with Iraq's prime minister. Explosions struck Baghdad during twin visits by the presumptive Republican presidential nominee and Vice President Dick Cheney. A female suicide bomber struck Shiite worshippers in Karbala, killing at least 32 people with 51 wounded. The blast was the deadliest in a series of attacks that left at least 78 Iraqis dead.
    (AP, 3/17/08)(AP, 3/18/08)(AP, 3/19/08)

2008        Mar 18, Iraq's main Sunni bloc boycotted a conference aimed at reconciling the nation's sectarian groups. A roadside bomb near a gas station in northern Baghdad killed three people, including two police officers. Vice President Dick Cheney, delving into internal Iraqi politics, pushed a Kurdish leader to play a helpful role in passing legislation to foster national reconciliation and forge a new agreement for US-Iraq relations in years to come.
    (AP, 3/18/08)

2008        Mar 19, In Iraq a female suicide bomber detonated an explosives vest packed with ball bearings near a bus terminal northeast of Baghdad, killing at least three people. US troops accidentally killed three Iraqi policemen and wounded another, the latest in a series of friendly fire incidents.
    (AP, 3/19/08)

2008        Mar 20, Turkish warplanes bombed Kurdish rebel hideouts in northern Iraq.
    (AP, 3/20/08)

2008        Mar 21, Iraqi security forces clashed with Shiite militia fighters southeast of Baghdad for a second day. At least two police officers and two gunmen had died in the fighting in the city of Kut when factions of the Mahdi Army militia attacked security checkpoints.
    (AP, 3/21/08)

2008        Mar 22, A US airstrike struck two checkpoints manned by US-allied Sunni fighters in Samarra, killing six and injuring two. A suicide bomber drove a truck laden with explosives into the home of the mayor in Samarra. 3 security guards were killed and four others injured. A bomb exploded on a minibus in a predominantly Shiite area of eastern Baghdad, killing at least one passenger and injuring 8. An awakening council member in western Baghdad's Mansour neighborhood was killed and four others were injured in a mortar blast. A roadside bomb targeting a police patrol killed one passer-by and injured 7, in the northern city of Kirkuk. A roadside bombing northwest of Baghdad killed 3 US soldiers and two Iraqi civilians.
    (AP, 3/22/08)(AP, 3/23/08)

2008        Mar 23, In Iraq a suicide car bomber killed at least 13 Iraqi soldiers and wounded dozens more people in Mosul. At least 10 civilians were killed and 20 more were wounded in rocket or mortar blasts in scattered areas of eastern Baghdad. The US-protected Green Zone in Baghdad came under fire from either mortars or rockets, and a round that fell short injured two bystanders. An American financial analyst working for the US Embassy in Baghdad was severely wounded in the rocket attack and died soon after. The overall US death toll in Iraq rose to 4,000 after four soldiers were killed in a roadside bombing in Baghdad.
    (AP, 3/23/08)(AP, 3/24/08)(AP, 3/26/08)
2008        Mar 23, Iranian artillery shelled three border towns in northern Iraq where Iranian Kurdish rebels are believed to be operating.
    (AP, 3/23/08)

2008        Mar 24, In Iraq PM al-Maliki announced that Operation Charge of the Knights would begin the next day in Basra. He sent over 30,000 Iraqi troops into Basra, mentored by US Marines, to clean out the Shia militias.
    (www.prospect-magazine.co.uk/article_details.php?id=10635)(Econ, 5/2/09, p.47)

2008        Mar 25, Iraqi forces clashed with Shiite militiamen in the southern oil port of Basra and least 22 people were killed. 5 suspected militants were killed in Basra while attempting to place a roadside bomb. Gunmen patrolled several Baghdad neighborhoods as followers of Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr ordered a nationwide civil disobedience campaign to demand an end to the crackdown on their movement. 2 bombs exploded in central Baghdad, killing one civilian and wounding eight others. A US-allied Sunni fighter was killed in a drive-by shooting northeast of the capital. In August it was reported that a secret deal with an Iran-backed militia kept British forces out of the battle, leaving US and Iraqi forces to fight alone. The Ministry of Defense denied any deal was struck and said it held back to ensure that the operation was seen as Iraqi-led. The effect was that 4,000 British soldiers were kept out of action for six days until a deal brokered in Iran ended heavy fighting.
    (AP, 3/25/08)(AP, 8/5/08)

2008        Mar 26, Iraq's prime minister gave gunmen in the southern oil port of Basra three days to surrender their weapons and renounce violence as clashes between security forces and Shiite militia fighters erupted for a second day. Officials said at least 40 people were killed and 200 wounded in the fighting in Basra. 3 Americans were seriously injured by rockets or mortars fired into Baghdad’s Green Zone. A mortar shell or rocket that apparently fell short struck a minibus in the mainly Shiite district of Karradah, killing at least 3 passengers and wounding 9 others. Two rounds also slammed into another area of Karradah, killing 3 civilians and wounding six. Two other Iraqis were killed and 4 wounded when another round struck a residential area in a Shiite neighborhood in western Baghdad. Gunmen killed a US-allied Sunni fighter and wounded his wife and daughter after storming his house in Samarra. Several Iraqi civilians were killed or injured in separate fighting between US troops and suspected al-Qaida in Iraq insurgents in the northern town of Tikrit. A US airstrike there left 7 bodies in the rubble of houses and a local judge who owned one of the houses was among the dead. Two American soldiers were killed in separate attacks in Baghdad.
    (AP, 3/26/08)(AP, 3/27/08)

2008        Mar 27, Iraq’s PM Nouri al-Maliki promised to pursue his fight against Shiite militias in Basra to "the end." Al-Sadr called for a political solution to the burgeoning crisis and an end to the "shedding of Iraqi blood." Tens of thousands of Shiites took to Baghdad's streets to protest the government crackdown on militias in Basra as heavy fighting between Iraqi security forces and gunmen erupted for a third day in the southern oil port and the capital. The death toll in the Shiite city of Hillah, about 60 miles south of Baghdad, rose to at least 60. Tahseen Sheikhly, the Sunni civilian spokesman for the Baghdad security operation, was kidnapped and three bodyguards killed. A booby-trapped car exploded near the Iraqi Red Crescent Society's offices in Baghdad, killing two civilians and wounding five.
    (AP, 3/27/08)(AP, 3/28/08)
2008        Mar 27, Turkey's armed forces killed 15 members of the outlawed Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) in northern Iraq using long-range land weapons.
    (Reuters, 3/29/08)

2008        Mar 28, PM Nouri al-Maliki's office says the Iraqi government has given residents of Basra until April 8 to turn over "heavy and medium-size weapons" in return for a reward. US warplanes carried out at least two airstrikes overnight in Basra for the first time since clashes between Shiite militias and Iraqi security forces erupted this week. A US warplane strafed snipers in the southern city of Basra, killing at least 16 suspected militants after Iraqi troops came under heavy fire. Shiite militants also clashed with government forces for a fourth day in Iraq's oil-rich south and sporadic fighting broke out in Baghdad. A US helicopter also fired a Hellfire missile during fighting in the Baghdad's militia stronghold of Sadr City, killing four gunmen. Iraqi police and hospital officials in Sadr City said 5 civilians were killed and 4 others wounded in the attack. A US air assault in the Kazamiyah neighborhood, west of Sadr City, killed 10 militants. At least 12 militia fighters were killed and 7 others wounded in fighting in Mahmoudiya. Fierce fighting in the Mahdi Army stronghold of Nasiriyah killed at least 4 people. 2 Iraqi security forces were killed and 3 wounded in Kut.
    (AP, 3/28/08)(AP, 3/29/08)(AP, 3/30/08)
2008        Mar 28, Turkish warplanes hit Kurdish rebel targets in northern Iraq.
    (AP, 3/29/08)

2008        Mar 29, Al-Sadr called on his followers to defy government orders to surrender their weapons, saying arms of the Mahdi Army should only be turned over to a national leadership "that can get the occupier," meaning the Americans their coalition allies, out of Iraq. Iraq's Health Ministry reported at least 75 civilians have been killed and at least 500 others injured in a week of clashes and airstrikes in Sadr City and other eastern Baghdad neighborhoods. US jets widened the bombing of Basra, dropping two precision-guided bombs on a suspected militia stronghold north of the city. Iraqi police said a US warplane strafed a house and killed eight civilians, including two women and one child. Mortars landed in Shiite areas of eastern Baghdad, killing at least one person and injuring 12. American troops and Iraqis unearthed 14 significantly decomposed bodies in a mass grave northeast of Baghdad.
    (AP, 3/29/08)(AP, 3/30/08)

2008        Mar 30, Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr offered to pull his fighters off the streets of Basra and other cities if the government halts raids against his followers and releases prisoners held without charge.
    (AP, 3/30/08)
2008        Mar 30, In Syria Iraq refused to endorse the final declaration of the Arab summit because it did not condemn terrorism in the country, a divisive end to a gathering marred by disputes and boycotts.
    (AP, 3/30/08)

2008        Mar 31, In Iraq the fortified Green Zone came under fresh attack, less than 24 hours after anti-American Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr told his fighters to stand down following a week of clashes with government forces. Near Buhriz unknown gunmen in a car attacked a checkpoint manned by US-backed Sunni fighters. Four of the fighters were killed.
    (AP, 3/31/08)

2008        Apr 1, Iraq’s PM Nouri al-Maliki said in a statement that his office will recruit 10,000 more police and army forces and will move to enhance public services Basra. His comments came after a peace deal between radical Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr and the Iraqi government brought a tense calm following a week of clashes. Interior Ministry spokesman, Maj. Gen. Abdul-Karim Khalaf, said that 200 people had been killed, 600 wounded and 170 suspects detained during operations in Basra. Britain froze plans to withdraw about 1,500 soldiers from its 4,000-strong military force this spring and hand over more security responsibility to the Iraqis.
    (AP, 4/1/08)(AP, 4/2/08)

2008        Apr 2, In northern Iraq, a suicide bomber attacked an Iraqi checkpoint west of Mosul, killing seven people, including a woman and a 5-year-old child. A US airstrike destroyed a house in the southern city of Basra, killing a militant, the US military said, and Iraqi witnesses and hospital officials said at least three civilians were among the dead. A roadside bomb targeting a US convoy exploded near a restaurant in Baghdad's main Shiite district of Sadr City, killing at least 3 Iraqi civilians and wounding 13. 4 US-allied fighters were killed and 4 others abducted at a fake checkpoint near Duluiyah.
    (AP, 4/2/08)(AP, 4/3/08)

2008        Apr 3, Iraqi troops killed 7 militants and detained 16 in three separate incidents in the Basra area. A coalition air strike there killed two militants. A parked car bomb targeting a police patrol in western Baghdad killed at least one civilian and wounded 10 other people, including three officers. A roadside bomb struck an Iraqi army patrol elsewhere in the predominantly Sunni Yarmouk neighborhood in the capital, killing one soldier and wounding three others. The office of Muqtada al-Sadr called for a "million-strong" turnout for an anti-American demonstration next week to mark the fifth anniversary of the capture of Baghdad by invading US troops. A US airman was killed by a roadside bomb in Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/3/08)(AP, 4/4/08)

2008        Apr 4, Iraq's prime minister ordered a nationwide freeze on raids against suspected Shiite militants after the leader of the biggest militia complained that arrests were continuing even after he ordered fighters off the streets. A suicide bomber killed at least 15 people and wounded 8 when he blew himself up during a policeman's funeral in Sadiyah. Military and police officials in Basra said a number of Iraqi soldiers and police were reported to have mutinied or refused to engage al-Sadr's militants during last week's fighting. A roadside bomb killed four policeman and wounded one in Hillah. In the Hayaniyah area of Basra a house was destroyed in an airstrike. Police said five people were killed, acknowledging they included an unspecified number of militants who had fired a mortar at Iraqi security forces.
    (AP, 4/4/08)(AP, 4/5/08)

2008        Apr 5, Youssef Adel, an Assyrian Orthodox priest, was killed in a drive-by shooting in Baghdad. Elsewhere in Baghdad, a bomb exploded on a minibus carrying morning commuters on the busy Palestine Street, killing at least four passengers and wounding 15.
    (AP, 4/5/08)

2008        Apr 6, Iraqi troops backed by US forces battled Shiite fighters in Baghdad's Sadr City in clashes that killed 20 people and wounded more than 50 despite a cease-fire between the government and the militia. 3 US service members were killed and dozens wounded in rocket attacks on the fortified Green Zone. 2 more US soldiers died in roadside bombings.
    (AP, 4/6/08)(AP, 4/7/08)(SFC, 4/7/08, p.A17)

2008        Apr 7, Iraq’s prime minister issued his strongest warning yet to radical Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr to disband his Mahdi Army militia or face political isolation. The Sadrists said a move to ban them from elections would be unconstitutional. Hospital officials said nine more people were killed, including five children and two women, and dozens wounded as gunbattles continued. That pushed the two-day death toll to at least 25.
    (AP, 4/7/08)

2008        Apr 8, Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr threatened to lift a seven-month freeze on his Mahdi Army militia if the Iraqi government does not halt attacks on his followers or set a timetable for a US withdrawal. military spokesman Brig. Gen. Qassim al-Moussawi said a total of 82 militants, 36 civilians and 37 soldiers had been killed since March 16 in fighting in Baghdad, mostly in Sadr City.
    (AP, 4/8/08)(AP, 4/9/08)
2008        Apr 8, Iran's Foreign Ministry condemned for the first time rocket and mortar attacks against the US-controlled Green Zone in Baghdad by supporters of anti-American Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr. A US soldier died from wounds sustained when his vehicle was destroyed in a roadside bombing the previous evening.
    (AP, 4/8/08)

2008        Apr 9, In Washington US commander Gen. David Petraeus called for an open-ended suspension of US troop withdrawals this summer because of concern over the renewed fighting.
    (AP, 4/9/08)
2008        Apr 9, Iraq’s PM Nouri al-Maliki told Pres. Bush during a 20-minute telephone conversation that Iraqi security forces are capable of carrying out their duties and US troops should be pulled out as the situation permits. 23 people, including 3 children, died in Baghdad's Sadr City as clashes between security forces and Shiite militiamen continued on the fifth anniversary of the fall of Baghdad. 2 US soldiers died from non-combat related injuries. 3 US soldiers died in a roadside bombings in Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/9/08)(AP, 4/10/08)(SFC, 4/10/08, p.A3)

2008        Apr 10, A US airstrike targeted a building in Baghdad's Sadr City, hours after American soldiers clashed with Shiite militants in fighting that left 15 people dead. Police said the four killed in the air strike were civilians, including two brothers who were under 10 years old.
    (AP, 4/10/08)

2008        Apr 11, Riyadh al-Nouri, a senior aide to radical Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr was assassinated in Najaf. A roadside bomb destroyed an armored vehicle in eastern Baghdad, killing an Iraqi. An unmanned drone fired on a group of gunmen carrying grenades and mortars overnight in Sadr City, killing six of them. A helicopter hit a group of gunmen in the Hayaniyah district of central Basra overnight, killing six of them.
    (AP, 4/11/08)

2008        Apr 12, Shiite militants fought US and Iraqi forces around Baghdad's Shiite district of Sadr City despite a call for calm by anti-American cleric Muqtada al-Sadr following the assassination of one of his top aides. At least 13 Shiite militants died in the clashes, which erupted the previous evening and tapered. Iraqi soldiers acting on tips from detained Shiite militiamen found 14 bodies that had been buried in a field south of Baghdad. The bodies were found after members of al-Sadr's Mahdi Army militia were detained and confessed to killing and burying dozens of Sunnis as well as some Shiites killed for criminal purposes. A US soldier was killed by a roadside bomb in Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/12/08)(SSFC, 4/13/08, p.A5)

2008        Apr 13, Officials said the Iraqi government has dismissed about 1,300 soldiers and policemen who deserted or refused to fight during last month's offensive against Shiite militias and criminal gangs in Basra. Gunmen in Basra assassinated police Maj. Ali Haider, a commander in the department's serious crimes directorate. Militants firing rocket-propelled grenades ambushed an American patrol in eastern Baghdad. Fire from armed helicopters and an Abrams tank repulsed the attack, killing six of the gunmen. US soldiers discovered a mass grave near Muqdadiyah, which contained 20 to 30 badly decomposed bodies that appeared to have been buried nearly eight months. 2 US Marines were killed by a roadside bomb in Anbar province.
    (AP, 4/13/08)(AP, 4/14/08)(AP, 4/16/08)

2008        Apr 14, Richard Butler, a kidnapped British journalist, was rescued by Iraqi troops after two months in captivity in Basra. A roadside bomb in downtown Baghdad killed five people and wounded nine. In northern Iraq 18 people were killed in two car bombings and a suicide attack. The US military said it will release Associated Press photographer Bilal Hussein, more than two years after he was detained by US Marines on suspicions of links to insurgents. The military said it has determined Hussein is not a threat and plans to free him Apr 16.
    (AP, 4/14/08)(AP, 4/15/08)

2008        Apr 15, A parked car bomb targeting a police patrol in central Baghdad, killed four civilians who were passing by and wounding 15 other people. In Baqouba a car parked in front of a restaurant exploded killing at least 35 people. In Ramadi a parked car bomb exploded near a kebab restaurant killing at least 13 people. US soldiers backed by an airstrike killed six militants during clashes in the Sudayrah area near Baghdad's Sadr City. American troops killed four militants who fired rocket-propelled grenades at a tank elsewhere in the area. More clashes in Sadr City left four militiamen killed and 15 others wounded.
    (AP, 4/15/08)

2008        Apr 16, The Iraqi government said 33,121 detainees have been released since a general amnesty went into effect in February. The US military released Associated Press photographer Bilal Hussein after holding him for more than two years without filing formal charges. An unmanned US drone fired two Hellfire missiles at militants attacking Iraqi soldiers in a Shiite militia stronghold in Basra, killing four of the gunmen. In Baghdad, clashes between US-backed Iraqi troops and Shiite militiamen in the Sadr City district killed two men and wounded 18 others. A mortar shell slammed into a house in eastern Baghdad, killing at least three civilians and wounding three others. Gunmen opened fire on a minibus near Muqdadiyah, killing two women and wounding three men.
    (AP, 4/16/08)
2008        Apr 16, Turkish warplanes hit a group of Kurdish rebels reportedly trying to infiltrate Turkey from the Avasin-Basyan region of northern Iraq. A clash between Turkish troops and Kurdish rebels near Turkey's southeastern border with Iraq left a Turkish soldier dead.
    (AP, 4/17/08)

2008        Apr 17,     A suicide bomber struck the funeral of two anti-al-Qaida Sunni tribesmen in a town north of Baghdad, killing at least 50 people and wounding dozens. An unmanned drone killed two gunmen in Baghdad's Sadr City district.
    (AP, 4/17/08)

2008        Apr 18, Iraqi police said a company of government troops in Sadr City retreated when they came under attack from Shiite militiamen who used the cover of a sandstorm. Overnight clashed killed two people and injured nine. Ayman al-Zawahri, Al-Qaida's No. 2, said in a new audiotape that the US will lose whether it stays in Iraq or withdraws, and he sneered that President Bush just wants to pass the problem on to his successor. It was reported that US commanders have begun releasing Iraqi detainees. 8,000 have been released since September with plans to release half of the 23,000 currently held.
    (AP, 4/18/08)(WSJ, 4/18/08, p.A1)

2008        Apr 19,     Twelve people died in overnight clashes in Baghdad's Sadr City district. The US military said one of its attack helicopters located and hit a mortar crew in Sadr City at 3:30 a.m., killing two gunmen and destroying the weapon. In the town of Suq al-Shiyoukh a firefight killed one militant and left six policemen injured. The US military said an American soldier was killed by a roadside bomb while on patrol in Salahuddin province.
    (AP, 4/19/08)

2008        Apr 20,     US troops killed 12 militants during an "uptick" in fighting, as fierce clashes broke out in Baghdad's Sadr City district after radical cleric Muqtada al-Sadr warned he will declare war if a crackdown against his followers persists. 6 civilians, four men and two boys ages 8 and 10, were killed in fighting in Sadr City after midnight. An armed drone fired a Hellfire missile at a group of gunmen killing all three. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice arrived in Baghdad for a trip she said was intended to promote fresh political gains she sees to be flowing from the government-led assaults on radical militias.
    (AP, 4/20/08)(AP, 4/21/08)

2008        Apr 21, Iraq’s    PM Nouri al-Maliki urged other Arab countries to reopen their embassies in the capital as a show of support for his government as it cracks down on Shiite militias in Iraq. 6 people died in clashes in Baghdad's embattled Shiite enclave of Sadr City. They included 3 policemen and 3 civilians. In Baqouba a woman wearing an explosive vest blew herself up at the headquarters of group of US-allied Sunni fighters. The blast killed 3 people and wounded 4. An unmanned drone killed two gunmen in Baghdad's embattled Sadr City district. US troops were hit by a roadside bomb and then attacked with small-arms fire. They returned fire and killed 3 attackers. 2 US soldiers were killed by a bomb in Salahuddin province.
    (AP, 4/21/08)(AP, 4/22/08)(SFC, 4/22/08, p.A10)
2008        Apr 21, The 6-member Gulf Cooperation Council met in Bahrain, along with representatives from Egypt, Jordan and Condoleeza Rice for the US, to discuss diplomatic support for Iraq as well as other issues. Rice failed to secure firm commitments on debt relief for Iraq.
    (SFC, 4/22/08, p.A10)(WSJ, 4/22/08, p.A10)

2008        Apr 22, Iraqi PM Nouri al-Maliki, at a meeting in Kuwait, urged neighboring countries to help dry up "the springs of terrorism" by preventing militants from obtaining weapons and financing from abroad.
    (AP, 4/22/08)
2008        Apr 22, In Iraq a Shadow reconnaissance crashed south of Baghdad. A female suicide bombing in Diyala province killed 18 people including 10 Iraqi civilians, a Kurd and 7 Iraqi policemen. In Baghdad 21 suspected gunmen were killed in Shiite militia strongholds. Officials said 15 civilians were among the dead, including two women.
    (AP, 4/22/08)(AP, 4/23/08)

2008        Apr 23, Two US soldiers were killed in an accident in Salahuddin province when their vehicle rolled onto its side. Another American soldier died in a single-vehicle accident on a highway in neighboring Kuwait.
    (AP, 4/24/08)
2008        Apr 23, Syria handed over a trove of some 700 looted artifacts to Iraq after seizing the items from traffickers since the US-led invasion that toppled Saddam Hussein.
    (AP, 4/24/08)

2008        Apr 24, Britain's foreign secretary held talks with Iraqi PM Nouri al-Maliki. PM al-Maliki said all political blocs have agreed to return to the government. At least 13 people were reported killed in the ongoing fighting between Shiite militiamen and Iraqi and US-led forces. A US soldier was killed in a roadside bombing south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/24/08)(AP, 4/25/08)(WSJ, 4/25/08, p.A1)

2008        Apr 25, Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr called for an end to clashes between his militia fighters and Iraqi troops, saying that his threat of an "open war" applied only to US-led foreign forces. The US military said American and Iraqi forces killed 10 militants in overnight clashes in northeastern Baghdad. Local hospital officials said 7 people, including two women, were killed and 45 others were wounded in the clashes.
    (AP, 4/25/08)
2008        Apr 25, Turkish warplanes and artillery units struck Kurdish rebels in northern Iraq who were preparing to cross the border to carry out attacks. The strikes continued the next day.
    (AP, 4/26/08)

2008        Apr 26, Clashes continued in the Mahdi Army stronghold of Sadr City, a sprawling district in northeastern Baghdad, although they did not appear as fierce in recent days. Hospital officials said 8 bodies were received of people killed in overnight fighting. 12 other people, including a schoolboy, were wounded early in the day. 3 suicide car bombers also targeted Iraqi security forces, killing at least 7 people in Mosul. Another suicide car bomber struck a police patrol elsewhere in the city, killing 4 people and wounding 7.
    (AP, 4/26/08)

2008        Apr 27, Iraq's PM al-Maliki met with the Sunni Arab vice president to discuss reintegrating Sunni political parties into the Shiite-dominated government. Police said five people died in violence in Baghdad. Elsewhere in Baghdad, a suicide car bomber blew himself up at a security checkpoint in the eastern neighborhood of Zayouna killing three people and injuring nine. Shiite extremists lobbed rockets or mortar shells at the US protected Green Zone as American and Iraqi troops engaged militants in the most violent clashes in weeks in Baghdad. Abrams tanks were used to repel attacks on two army checkpoints, killing 22 militants in one clash. 16 other militants were killed in separate firefights. A US military statement said an unmanned drone had killed a total of five militants using Hellfire missiles in three separate engagements.
    (AP, 4/27/08)(AP, 4/28/08)

2008        Apr 28, Shiite extremists lobbed more rockets or mortar shells at the US protected Green Zone. A suicide attacker on a motorcycle struck a checkpoint manned by US-allied Sunni fighters in eastern Baghdad, killing at least one and wounding four other members of the awakening council. Gunmen killed a local commander of al-Sadr, Ali Ghalib, in Basra. US soldiers killed 7 extremists in Sadr City after coming under small arms fire. 4 US soldiers were killed in Baghdad by rocket or mortar fire.
    (AP, 4/28/08)(SFC, 4/29/08, p.A5)

2008        Apr 29, In Iraq a roadside bomb hit Dhia Jodi Jaber, director general at the Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs, as he left his Baghdad home in his car. Militants killed the nephew of Maj. Gen. Abdul-Karim Khalaf, an Interior Ministry spokesman, and hanged the body from an electric pole in Baghdad. The attack was in apparent retaliation for the spokesman's role in a government crackdown against Shiite militias. US soldiers killed 28 militants during a four-hour firefight in Baghdad's Shiite militia stronghold of Sadr City. 2 US were killed soldiers in separate attacks in Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/29/08)(AP, 4/30/08)(SFC, 5/1/08, p.A2)

2008        Apr 30, Baghdad sent a delegation to Tehran with "evidence, confessions and pictures" indicating that Iran is supplying weapons and training fighters who are locked in a violent standoff with US and Iraqi troops. PM al-Maliki accused the Mahdi Army of using civilians as human shields, and vowed to continue the crackdown against militias. 2 people were killed and 16 wounded overnight in Sadr City. Clashes in Baghdad killed at least 25 people. 3 US soldiers were killed in Baghdad. A US soldier was killed by an explosion in Ninevah province.
    (AP, 4/30/08)(AP, 5/1/08)(SFC, 5/1/08, p.A2)

2008        May 1, A double suicide bombing killed at least 36 people during a wedding procession as people cheered the bride and groom in Balad Ruz, a town northeast of Baghdad. A car bomb aimed at a US patrol in Baghdad killed at least nine Iraqi civilians and wounded 26. A roadside bomb struck an Iraqi patrol car, killing two Iraqi soldiers in Mosul. 3 al-Qaida insurgents fired on US soldiers as they tried to stop a vehicle near Mosul. The soldiers returned fire, killing all three as well as the driver of the vehicle. The US military said it killed 18 militants overnight amid escalating fighting in the Shiite slum Sadr City. Around Iraq, at least 1,080 Iraqi civilians and security forces were killed nationwide last month, average of 36 a day, according to an AP tally, down from March's total of 1,269, or an average of 41 per day.
    (AP, 5/1/08)(AP, 5/2/08)

2008        May 2, Shiite clerics offered sharply different visions in the showdown between government forces and Shiite militias, one predicting that armed groups will be crushed in Baghdad and another calling for the prime minister to be prosecuted for crimes against his people. Al-Qaida insurgents, mostly Sunnis, raked a police car with automatic weapons, killing 8 Iraqi policemen in the town of Qaim on the Syrian border. 2 civilians were killed and 7 others wounded in Baghdad's central Salihiyah district after a mortar round apparently fired by Shiite extremists toward the US-protected Green Zone fell short. According to US military 10 militants were killed in fighting, including a sniper and a triggerman accused of planting armor-piercing roadside bombs in Sadr City and the adjacent Ubaydi area. A roadside bomb attack in eastern Baghdad killed a US soldier. A roadside explosion killed 4 Marines in western Anbar province.
    (AP, 5/2/08)(AP, 5/3/08)(AP, 5/4/08)
2008        May 2, A rebel spokesman said Turkish warplanes bombed Kurdish rebel bases deep inside Iraq for three hours overnight. The Turkish military said the raid in northern Iraq killed more than 150 Kurdish rebels.
    (AP, 5/2/08)(AP, 5/3/08)

2008        May 3, The US military fired missiles at a target about 50 yards away from the general hospital in Baghdad's Sadr City district, wounding more than 20 people and destroying ambulances. US soldiers killed four militants elsewhere in Baghdad. A US soldier died of wounds sustained in a roadside bomb that struck the soldier's vehicle during a combat patrol in eastern Baghdad a day earlier.
    (AP, 5/3/08)

2008        May 4, A bomb hit a motorcade carrying Iraq's first lady through Baghdad. Iraqi health officials said at least 10 people, including two children, were killed in the past 24 hours in the Baghdad neighborhood of Sadr City. 2 Iraqi civilians were wounded in a Hellfire missile attack in Baghdad's southwestern Aamel neighborhood and were evacuated to a military hospital.
    (AP, 5/4/08)(AP, 5/5/08)

2008        May 5, Iraqi health officials said 41 that people, including women and children, have been wounded in the last 24 hours in the militia stronghold of Sadr City. At least 6 people were killed by US air strikes in Sadr City. An attack in Mosul killed three prostitutes and wounded two others. 2 policemen were killed in clashes with unidentified gunmen in Mosul. In eastern Mosul 2 gunmen were killed by police. In Tikrit a car bomb targeting a police patrol exploded in the central part of the city killed four people and wounded 8 others. US and Iraqi forces raided two police stations and arrested 48 policemen suspected of having links to Shiite militias. A US Air Force gunship strafed Shiite extremists who attacked US soldiers in Baghdad.
    (AP, 5/5/08)(AP, 5/6/08)(SFC, 5/7/08, p.A3)

2008        May 6, At least four civilians were killed overnight in the Baghdad Shiite neighborhood of Sadr City. The US military announced that about 3,500 American soldiers are scheduled to leave Iraq in the coming weeks. US Hellfire missiles killed 3 militants planting a roadside bomb in the Shiite neighborhood of New Baghdad.
    (AP, 5/6/08)(SFC, 5/7/08, p.A3)

2008        May 7, In Iraq 7 militants were killed in clashes around Baghdad. 5 suspected al-Qaida members, including a Moroccan national, were killed in an operation in Samarra. 4 Sunni insurgents were killed in the province of Salahuddin when they attacked a checkpoint manned by Awakening Council fighters.
    (AP, 5/8/08)

2008        May 8, A rocket hit a downtown Baghdad park, killing two people as American and Iraqi forces battled Shiite militants believed responsible for many such attacks. A bomb went off on a minibus in Baghdad's eastern Zayona neighborhoods, killing two passengers and injuring five. 9 militants were killed in two American missile attacks in the New Baghdad neighborhood. US soldiers killed six Shiite extremists, who attacked US forces with shoulder fired rockets and small arms, in several clashes in Baghdad's Shiite militia stronghold of Sadr City.
    (AP, 5/8/08)(AP, 5/9/08)

2008        May 10, Shiite militants agreed on a ceasefire in Baghdad's embattled neighborhood of Sadr City, holding out hope that weeks of clashes in the capital could be at an end. In Mosul an Iraqi army commander announced the start of a long anticipated offensive against al-Qaida in Iraq's last urban stronghold. 4 people, including a woman and a child, were killed in an operation against al-Qaida near Mosul. One US soldier was killed when the vehicle he was traveling in rolled over near al-Asad.
    (AP, 5/11/08)
2008        May 10, Turkish warplanes and artillery units destroyed key Kurdish rebel positions in northern Iraq, including a communications center, in a second day of raids on rebel positions.
    (AP, 5/11/08)

2008        May 11, A Quran, with 14 bullet holes and graffiti marked on its paged, was found by Iraqis near a former base outside the town of Radwaniyah, west of Baghdad. An American sniper had used a Quran for target practice. On May 17 an apology was made by the US military. The unidentified soldier was disciplined and removed from Iraq.
    (AP, 5/19/08)

2008        May 12, Representatives of firebrand cleric Muqtada al-Sadr and lawmakers from Iraq's main Shiite political bloc signed a four-day cease-fire in an effort to end seven weeks of fighting in Baghdad's Sadr City slum. The fragile cease-fire failed to stop fighting in Baghdad's Sadr City where clashes between Shiite extremists and US-backed Iraqi forces killed 11 men and wounded 19. The latest cease-fire came as the US military largely finished the building of a barrier to isolate extremists from using the southern section of Sadr City and disrupt supply and escape routes for militants.
    (AP, 5/12/08)(AP, 5/13/08)
2008        May 12, Iraqi Kurdish officials said Turkish jets overnight struck suspected Kurdish rebel targets close to the border in northern Iraq.
    (AP, 5/12/08)

2008        May 13, In Iraq a Sunni grammar school principal who was shot and killed in Abu Minasir, a village west of Baghdad. A US soldier was killed when a roadside bomb exploded next to his vehicle in northwest Baghdad.
    (AP, 5/14/08)

2008        May 14, Iraq’s PM Nouri al-Maliki visited the northern city of Mosul to supervise a military offensive against al-Qaida in Iraq in its last major stronghold. In Sadr City skirmishes left five dead and 22 wounded. In western Baghdad a car bomb detonated next to a convoy carrying a lawmaker from the mostly-Sunni Islamic Party, Ayad al-Samarrie, but he was not hurt. One civilian was killed and 6 others wounded, including four guards. A suicide bomber killed 22 people and wounded at least 35 at the funeral of a Sunni school principal west of Baghdad. A girl strapped with explosives killed an Iraqi officer. 2 militants were killed and a third was wounded by an air-to-ground Hellfire missile as they placed a roadside bomb on a road between Sadr City and the northern Sunni district of Azamiyah. In Sadr City one person was killed when another Hellfire missile hit a group of militants also attempting to plant a bomb.
    (AP, 5/14/08)(AP, 5/15/08)(WSJ, 5/15/08, p.A1)

2008        May 15, Government troops began house-to-house searches for al-Qaida in Iraq militants in Mosul, part of a major security operation to cleanse Iraq's third largest city from cells of the terror network. An Iranian Embassy convoy came under fire in Baghdad, wounding four people, including three Iranians and an Iraqi. Overnight and early morning clashes between US-backed Iraqi forces and militiamen loyal to al-Sadr left eight men killed and 19 wounded.
    (AP, 5/15/08)(AP, 5/16/08)

2008        May 16, Iraq’s PM Nouri al-Maliki offered members of armed groups in Mosul an amnesty in exchange for surrendering their weapons. Ali Mansour Mohammed, an Iraqi detainee, was shot and killed by US soldiers at or near their forward operating base, Summerall, near Beiji. 1st Lt. Michael C. Behenna and Staff Sgt. Hal M. Warner were later charged with the shooting.
    (AP, 5/16/08)(AP, 9/21/08)

2008        May 17, Iraq’s PM al Maliki met with US House Speaker Nancy Pelosi in Baghdad. Her visit came amid complaints the Iraqi government is not contributing enough financially to the reconstruction of the oil-rich country. Mortar shells slammed into a residential area north of the Iraqi capital, killing at least four people, a man and 3 children, and wounding 30. US airstrikes killed six militants and destroyed a weapons cache after troops were attacked by rocket-propelled grenades and small-arms fire near Khan Bani Saad, north of Baghdad. American soldiers killed two other militants after coming under attack by a roadside bomb and small-arms fire in Baghdad’s northern Shiite neighborhood of Kazimiyah.
    (AP, 5/17/08)(AP, 5/18/08)

2008        May 18, A parked car bomb struck an Iraqi army patrol in eastern Baghdad, killing two soldiers and wounding six other people.
    (AP, 5/18/08)

2008        May 19, The Iraqi Interior Ministry reported the arrest of Abdul-Khaliq al-Sabawi, a top al-Qaida in Iraq figure in the northern city of Mosul, where security forces have been carrying out an intensified crackdown to root out the terror network. Lt. Col. Farhan Qassim, the police chief of the southern town of Suq al-Shiyoukh, was killed by a bomb that exploded in his office.
    (AP, 5/19/08)

2008        May 20, Thousands of Iraqi troops moved unchallenged into Baghdad's Sadr City to seize the Shiite militia stronghold. Four anti-al-Qaida fighters were killed by gunmen in an ambush near Duluiyah, north of Baghdad. A boy (7) was killed when a suicide bomber blew himself up near the house of the head of the so-called awakening council in Mandali, east of the capital. Shells slammed into the center of Balad Ruz, 45 miles northeast of Baghdad, killing three civilians and wounding nine others.
    (AP, 5/20/08)

2008        May 19, The Iraqi Interior Ministry reported the arrest of Abdul-Khaliq al-Sabawi, a top al-Qaida in Iraq figure in the northern city of Mosul, where security forces have been carrying out an intensified crackdown to root out the terror network. Lt. Col. Farhan Qassim, the police chief of the southern town of Suq al-Shiyoukh, was killed by a bomb that exploded in his office. Suspected Sunni insurgents near the Syrian border ambushed a minibus carrying Iraqi recruits killing all 11 passengers.
    (AP, 5/19/08)(SFC, 5/20/08, p.A8)

2008        May 21, At least 11 people were killed when gunfire broke out after a roadside bombing in a Shiite militia stronghold in eastern Baghdad near Sadr City, scene of a major military clampdown. The shooting occurred in the Obeidi neighborhood after three roadside bombs targeted joint US-Iraqi troops. An Iraqi television cameraman, Wissam Ali Auda, of Afaq TV, was killed in the fighting. A second journalist was killed north of Baghdad. The bullet-riddled body of Hashim al-Hussein (35), a correspondent for the Sharq newspaper kidnapped a day earlier, was found dumped near the city of Baqouba. A US helicopter strike north of Baghdad killed 8 civilians, including several children. The US military said the assault targeted al-Qaida fighters but acknowledged that children died.
    (AP, 5/21/08)(AP, 5/22/08)

2008        May 22, Pres. al-Maliki met with the Iraq’s most influential Shiite spiritual leader, Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani, to discuss his government crackdowns. Iraq's most influential Shiite cleric has been quietly issuing religious edicts declaring that armed resistance against US-led foreign troops is permissible.
    (AP, 5/22/08)(AP, 5/23/08)

2008        May 24, Lawmakers loyal to anti-US cleric Muqtada al-Sadr accused the Iraqi government of trying to crush the movement and warned of "black clouds" on the horizon for truces that have eased fighting between al-Sadr's militia and security forces. Clashes broke out before midnight between Shiite gunmen and US-Iraqi troops in the Amin area in eastern Baghdad, killing two civilians and wounding three others, including a 4-year-old boy.
    (AP, 5/24/08)(AP, 5/25/08)

2008        May 25, In Iraq a roadside bomb targeted a patrol of US-allied Sunni Arab fighters near a mosque in northern Baghdad, killing one of the so-called Awakening Council members and wounding three others. An American soldier was killed and two others were wounded in a roadside bombing in Qadisiyah province.
    (AP, 5/25/08)(AP, 5/27/08)

2008        May 26, In Iraq 6 teenage boys who said they were being trained as suicide bombers were detained in Mosul. Initial investigations showed they were being trained by a Saudi militant who was killed in military operations. A suicide bomber on a motorcycle struck a checkpoint manned by Iraqi police and US-allied Sunni fighters north of Baghdad, killing four people. Suspected al-Qaida fighters kidnapped an awakening council leader, Sheik Saleh al-Karkhi, and his brother after blowing up his house in the village of Busaleh in Diyala province. A US soldier was killed and two others wounded in a roadside bombing in the northern Salahuddin province.
    (AP, 5/26/08)

2008        May 27, An al-Qaida in Iraq front group warned that insurgents were waiting for the right moment to retaliate against a US-Iraqi security crackdown in the northern city of Mosul. Gunmen killed a policeman near his station in Mosul, when attackers opened fire with machine guns shortly before noon. A car bomb in northern Iraq killed 4 civilians. A US-allied fighter was killed and two others were wounded when a bomb under their vehicle exploded near a market in northern Baghdad's predominantly Sunni area of Azamiyah.
    (AP, 5/27/08)(WSJ, 5/27/08, p.A1)

2008        May 28, Iraq's largest Sunni Arab political bloc said it has suspended talks on ending its boycott of the Shiite-led government due to a dispute over which positions it would assume. The Sunni National Accordance Front held 44 of 275 parliamentary seats. Sporadic gunbattles broke out in a Shiite stronghold in southeastern Baghdad as detentions and raids against al-Sadr's followers continue to strain a truce. 3 civilians were killed and five others wounded in the fighting. A roadside bomb struck a car in the Qara Taba district, northeast of Baghdad, killing a farmer and his son. US troops captured eight suspected insurgents, including a man believed to be a longtime al-Qaida in Iraq leader who was involved in a June 30, 2007, attack on American forces in a remote area in Anbar province known as Donkey Island.
    (AP, 5/28/08)

2008        May 29, In Iraq a suicide bomber blew himself up in a crowd of police recruits in the northwestern town of Sinjar, killing at least 16 men and wounding 14 others. Iraq's PM al-Maliki, at a UN conference in Sweden, called for neighboring countries to forgive debts and war reparations that he said hindered his nation's recovery despite a reduction in violence. Iraq has at least $67 billion in foreign debt, most incurred during the rule of Saddam Hussein and owed to Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, the United Arab Emirates and Qatar.
    (AP, 5/29/08)

2008        May 30, Tens of thousands of Shiites, meanwhile, took to the streets in Baghdad and other cities to protest plans for a long-term security agreement with the United States. The rallies after Friday prayer services were the first to follow a call by anti-US cleric Muqtada al-Sadr for weekly protests against the deal. The US military removed a trooper from duty for handed out coins promoting Christianity to Muslims in Fallujah.
    (AP, 5/30/08)

2008        May 31, In Iraq 10 people were killed when a suicide bomber struck a police checkpoint in Hit, a town west of Baghdad. The dead included six policemen and four civilians.
    (AP, 5/31/08)

2008        Jun 1, In Baghdad a car bomb exploded near the Iranian embassy in Baghdad during morning rush hour, killing at least two civilians and wounding five. A senior police official was wounded when a bomb that was stuck to his car exploded in a busy Baghdad intersection. A traffic officer was killed and four other people were wounded in the attack. Ten al-Qaida linked insurgents were captured in US-led operations in Mosul and north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/1/08)
2008        Jun 1, Australia, a staunch US ally and one of the first countries to commit troops to the Iraq war five years ago, ended combat operations there.
    (AP, 6/1/08)

2008        Jun 2, In Iraq US troops killed two suspects in Tikrit. The military said it had captured 31 others and destroyed bomb-making materials over the past two days in raids targeting al-Qaida in Iraq in central and northern swaths of the country. In Mosul a suicide car bomber killed 9 people including 5 police officers.
    (AP, 6/2/08)(SFC, 6/3/08, p.A6)

2008        Jun 3, In Iraq the US military captured two al-Qaida in Iraq bombing suspects and a Shiite militia leader in separate raids north and south of Baghdad. The bodies of at least 23 Iraqis were discovered in a shallow grave and a sewer shaft at separate sites near Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/3/08)(AP, 6/4/08)

2008        Jun 4, Iraq’s parliament approved a bill to combat oil smuggling. To become a law, the measure needs the signature of Iraq's three-member presidential council. A suicide truck bomber struck near the Baghdad home of an Iraqi police general, killing 16 people in the biggest such attack on the capital in months. A 2nd car bomb killed 7 people, including 3 police commandos, in the Jadriya neighborhood of Baghdad. Iraqi police said they uncovered a large weapons cache near Samarra. The US military said it detained nine suspects and destroyed two "terrorist safe houses" in raids targeting al-Qaida in Iraq across central and northern parts of the country. 3 US soldiers were shot dead in northern Tamim province.
    (AP, 6/4/08)(AP, 6/5/08)(SFC, 6/5/08, p.A3)

2008        Jun 5, The US military captured two Shiite militia suspects south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/5/08)

2008        Jun 6, In Iraq two suspected Shiite militia leaders surrendered during raids by US forces, while tens of thousands of Shiite faithful streamed out of mosques to join protests against a security agreement with the United States. The arrests and demonstrations came on the eve of PM Nouri al-Maliki's trip to Iran, the second such visit in a year. A suicide bomber, believed to be a woman, exploded herself near a checkpoint in a village outside Ramadi, wounding two policemen.
    (AP, 6/6/08)

2008        Jun 7, In Baghdad 4 police recruits were killed in a blast at the National Police headquarters. US soldiers captured a Basra-based "special groups" leader at a hideout in eastern Baghdad. The US military killed four suspected militants, captured five others and destroyed two safehouses in northern Iraq. An American soldier died when his vehicle was struck by a roadside bomb in eastern Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/7/08)(AP, 6/8/08)

2008        Jun 8, A blast just outside Baghdad's Green Zone killed three civilians and wounded 10. 6 shepherds were killed execution-style before dawn by suspected militants linked to al-Qaida masquerading as fellow herders east of Baghdad. The US military captured six more suspected Sunni extremists in Mosul, including an alleged al-Qaida in Iraq leader and another man who is a wiring expert in charge of a bombing cell there. In northern Tamim province a suicide truck bomber, with explosives concealed under tanned animal hides, struck a US patrol base killing one US soldier and wounding 18 other Americans.
    (AP, 6/8/08)

2008        Jun 9, Iran's supreme leader told the visiting Iraqi prime minister that the US military presence is the main cause of Iraq's problems. A parked car packed with munitions exploded near a passing Iraqi army patrol in eastern Baghdad, killing three civilians and an army lieutenant. An alleged al-Qaida in Iraq bomber was captured with another suspect in Mosul, and another five men were arrested south of the city. Gunmen broke into three gold shops in west Baghdad killing 3 goldsmiths and wounding another. US soldiers under heavy fire during a raid in northwestern Iraq called in airstrikes and killed five suspected al-Qaida in Iraq militants.
    (AP, 6/9/08)(SFC, 6/10/08, p.A12)

2008        Jun 10, Sheik Ali al-Nida, the head of Saddam's tribal clan, and one of his guards died in an explosion that Iraqi police blamed on a bomb that had been glued to the undercarriage of their car in Ouja.
    (AP, 6/11/08)

2008        Jun 11, A bomb planted near a bridge in northern Baghdad killed 6 people on passing minibuses during rush hour. 2 mortar rounds hit a busy street in the central Baghdad area of Karrada, killing a civilian and wounding five others. The US military said it captured an Iranian-trained bomb expert southeast of Baghdad during a raid on the man's home. Elsewhere a Marine died in a non-combat related incident.
    (AP, 6/11/08)(AP, 6/12/08)(AP, 6/13/08)

2008        Jun 12, In Iraq US airstrikes destroyed a booby-trapped house believed to be an al-Qaida in Iraq hideout, killing four suspected insurgents northeast of Baghdad. A car bomb exploded as a police convoy passed through a commercial area in central Baghdad. Two people, one a policeman, were killed and 15 others were wounded. An American soldier was killed by a roadside bomb in Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/12/08)(AP, 6/13/08)

2008        Jun 13, Iraq's PM Al-Maliki said that talks with the US on proposals for a long-term security pact have reached an impasse over objections that Iraq's sovereignty is at stake. Al-Maliki told reporters in Amman, Jordan, that Iraqi negotiators had rejected US proposals because they would infringe on Iraqi sovereignty. US troops killed five suspected Shiite gunmen and detained two others during a raid near Hillah, about 60 miles south of Baghdad. An Iraqi police spokesman said two civilians, including a woman, also were killed and three others wounded after they were caught in the crossfire. American jets fired on militants who were trying to launch rockets at Iraqi security forces and coalition troops in Amarah.
    (AP, 6/13/08)(AP, 6/14/08)

2008        Jun 14, US helicopters blanketed the southern city of Amarah with pamphlets urging residents to cooperate with Iraqi security forces as they prepare for a new operation against Shiite militia fighters. A bomb hidden on a bus exploded in a Shiite neighborhood in eastern Baghdad, killing two people and wounding eight.
    (AP, 6/14/08)

2008        Jun 17, Iraq's deputy speaker said parliament will start holding sessions outside the US-protected Green Zone in the fall. Muhieddin Abdul-Hamid (50), an Iraqi state TV reporter, was shot to death near his apartment in Mosul. A suicide bomber on a motorcycle struck a Baghdad checkpoint manned by US-allied fighters, killing one and wounding four. A deadly truck bombing in a Baghdad Shiite neighborhood killed at least 65 people. A US spokesman believed the attack was carried out by a Shiite special group led by Haydar Mehdi Khadum al-Fawadi, described as a "murderous thug" seeking to incite violence "for his individual profit and gain."
    (AP, 6/17/08)(AP, 6/18/08)(SFC, 6/19/08, p.A2)

2008        Jun 19, Iraqi troops arrested Rafia Abdul-Jabbar, the top official in Amarah, a Muqtada al-Sadr loyalist, drawing swift condemnations from followers of the anti-US cleric as a military operation against Shiite militias got under way. Iraqi troops arrested 11 people on the wanted list who were believed be members of armed groups and seized an unspecified number of weapons during overnight raids in Basra. US troops captured six suspected insurgents, including a wanted man believed to have ties to local al-Qaida in Iraq leaders. 15 others were captured during operations targeting al-Qaida elsewhere in northern Iraq.
    (AP, 6/19/08)

2008        Jun 20, In Iraq hundreds of followers of anti-US cleric Muqtada al-Sadr took to the streets after prayers in Shiite areas to protest plans for a long term security pact between Iraq and the US.
    (AP, 6/20/08)

2008        Jun 20, In Iraq hundreds of followers of anti-US cleric Muqtada al-Sadr took to the streets after prayers in Shiite areas to protest plans for a long term security pact between Iraq and the US. An American soldier was killed and five others wounded by roadside bombs northeast of Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/20/08)(AP, 6/21/08)

2008        Jun 21, In Iraq two Shiite brothers, kidnapped just weeks after their family returned to a mainly Sunni area outside Baqouba, were found shot to death.
    (AP, 6/21/08)

2008        Jun 22, In Iraq a female suicide bomber struck near a government compound in Baqouba, killing at least 15 people and wounding 40. At least 21 suicide attacks have been carried out this year by women. A roadside bomb apparently targeting a police patrol struck a civilian car instead, killing four people, including two women, near the northern city of Kirkuk. A mortar attack in Udaim, 70 miles north of Baghdad, killed 10 members of a US-allied Sunni group that has joined forces with the Americans against al-Qaida in Iraq.
    (AP, 6/22/08)(AP, 6/23/08)

2008        Jun 23, In Iraq a gunman opened fire on US soldiers attending a municipal council meeting in Madain, southeast of Baghdad, killing two of them and wounding three soldiers. An interpreter was also killed.
    (AP, 6/23/08)(AP, 6/24/08)

2008        Jun 24, A bomb struck a municipal council building in Baghdad's Shiite Sadr City district, killing four Americans, including two soldiers and two US government civilian employees. At least six Iraqi civilians also died. US troops captured a suspect who tested positive for explosive residue after fleeing the scene. Gunmen killed the head of the local council in Abu Dshir, a Shiite enclave in the mainly Sunni area of Dora in southern Baghdad. A roadside bomb killed three American soldiers and an interpreter north of Baghdad. Abu Khalaf, Al-Qaida in Iraq's top leader in Mosul, was killed along with two other extremists in a gunbattle.
    (AP, 6/24/08)(AP, 6/25/08)(AP, 6/26/08)

2008        Jun 25, Iraqi police reported 14 Shiite gunmen were arrested after fighting south of the capital. US soldiers in Baghdad killed 3 alleged gunmen who had reportedly fired on an American convoy that had stopped along the side of the road just west of the city's airport. Hospital officials identified the 3 people as a manager and 2 female bank employees. On July 27 the US military acknowledged that soldiers had killed 3 law abiding citizens. Outside Tikrit 6 people were killed in a farmhouse that was destroyed by a US airstrike.
    (AP, 6/25/08)(SFC, 6/26/08, p.A10)(SFC, 7/28/08, p.A3)

2008        Jun 26, The Iraqi Football Association said it has dissolved the national soccer team and dismissed the Iraqi coach four days after the team's loss to Qatar ended the country's hopes of qualifying for the 2010 World Cup. A suicide bomber struck inside a municipal building in Garma (Karma), west of Baghdad, killing at least 20 people at a meeting of tribal sheiks opposed to al-Qaida. The dead included the mayor and tribal chief of the town as well as 3 US Marines. Another 18 people were killed and about 60 wounded in a car bombing near a government headquarters in Mosul. Judge Kamil al-Showaili, head of one of Baghdad's two appeals courts, was assassinated by drive-by shooters while traveling in eastern Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/26/08)(AFP, 6/26/08)(AP, 6/27/08)(SFC, 6/27/08, p.A3)

2008        Jun 27, A relative of Iraq’s PM al-Maliki was killed in Hindiyah, about 12 miles east of Karbala, in a raid conducted by 60 US soldiers supported by four helicopters and a fighter jet. Karbala is one of 9 Iraqi provinces where the US has handed over security to local officials.
    (AP, 6/29/08)(SSFC, 6/29/08, p.A9)

2008        Jun 28, In Iraq 2 militants were killed in a gunfight in Sharqat, about 170 miles north of Baghdad. One of the dead was identified as a wanted member of a network that carries out bombings. A suspected militant was killed in Kirkuk during a raid on a cell believed to have carried out kidnappings. Gunmen killed the head of Basra's intelligence department in a night time drive-by shooting in eastern Baghdad. The US military detained a suspected al-Qaida in Iraq member in Udaim in an operation that destroyed two structures rigged with explosives.
    (AP, 6/28/08)(AP, 6/29/08)

2008        Jun 29, A truck bomb, in Duluiyah 45 miles north of Baghdad, detonated by remote control killing six policemen and a member of a local group of Sunni volunteers who have turned against the insurgents. Awakening council members opened fire on a would-be female suicide bomber, triggering her explosives belt, as she approached their headquarters 25 miles northeast of Baqouba. In separate violence near Baqouba, mortars killed two women and a child 40 miles north of the city in al-Udaim.
    (AP, 6/29/08)

2008        Jun 30, Iraq announced that it was opening six major oil fields and two natural gas fields to development by foreign firms.
    (AP, 7/1/08)
2008        Jun 30, President Bush signed legislation to pay for the war operations in Iraq and Afghanistan for the rest of his presidency and beyond, hailing the $162 billion plan as a rare product of bipartisan cooperation.
    (AP, 6/30/08)

2008        Jul 1, In Iraq militants killed seven people in a series of attacks in Iraq's eastern Diyala province, and a local official said government crackdowns against Sunni extremists elsewhere in the country were driving them back to the area. Staffan de Mistura, the UN envoy to Iraq, said it was unlikely that the country would be able to hold provincial elections by the beginning of October as planned because lawmakers had failed to approve a new election law.
    (AP, 7/1/08)

2008        Jul 2, Iraqi security forces arrested two locally prominent supporters of radical Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr as part of their crackdown against Shiite militias in the southern city of Amarah. Police said Abdul-Jabar Wahid Humaidi, head of the provincial council in Maysan, where Amarah is the capital, and Fadhil Niama, head of the council's security committee, were suspected of supporting Shiite militias. A string of mortar shells hit the residential area of al-Amil in western Baghdad, killing one civilian and wounding eight others. In eastern Diyala province, US-allied Sunnis killed two al-Qaida terrorists south of Baqouba.
    (AP, 7/2/08)

2008        Jul 4, In Basra, Iraq, gunmen on a motorcycle assassinated Sheik Salim al-Dirraji, an official of Iraq's biggest Shiite party.
    (AP, 7/5/08)

2008        Jul 5, The last major remnant of Saddam Hussein's nuclear program — a huge stockpile of concentrated natural uranium, reached a Canadian port to complete a secret US operation that included a two-week airlift from Baghdad and a ship voyage crossing two oceans. In Iraq one American soldier died of a non-combat cause.
    (AP, 7/6/08)(AP, 7/5/08)

2008        Jul 6, In Iraq a car bomb in northern Baghdad killed six people and injured 14 others, including three policemen. Ali Abdul Ridha al-Badri, the head of an awakening council in Iskandariyah, and was killed by a bomb attached to his car after meeting with US forces. A roadside bomb in Diyala province killed a high-ranking member of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan along with 7 others. 2 civilians were killed in Baquba when police clashed with members of the Awakening Councils.
    (AP, 7/6/08)(SFC, 7/7/08, p.A5)

2008        Jul 7, PM al-Maliki said Iraq has proposed a short-term memorandum of understanding with the US rather than trying to hammer through a formal agreement on the presence of US forces. A roadside bomb near a dress shop in Baqouba killed a woman and injured 14 others.
    (AP, 7/7/08)

2008        Jul 8, Iraq's national security adviser said his country will not accept any security deal with the United States unless it contains specific dates for the withdrawal of US-led forces.
    (AP, 7/8/08)

2008        Jul 9, In Iraq a suicide bomber killed 8 civilians in an attack on a military convoy in Mosul. A bomb in Fallujah killed four police officers and one civilian. A bomb killed a US soldier in Samarra. In total bombs and bullets killed 20 Iraqis.
    (AP, 7/9/08)(SFC, 7/10/08, p.A7)

2008        Jul 10, Iraq's Oil Ministry said that it is close to signing contracts to build two new oil refineries in southern Iraq. Turkey's PM Recep Tayyip Erdogan became the first Turkish leader to visit Iraq in nearly 20 years.
    (AP, 7/10/08)

2008        Jul 11, In Iraq the US military detained nine people suspected of involvement in the al-Qaida in Iraq group in raids in Baghdad and the cities of Beiji and Mosul.
    (AP, 7/11/08)

2008        Jul 13, In Iraq gunmen attacked a soccer game near Duluiya killing a police officer and a Sunni Muslim allied with the US against al-Qaida. A roadside bomb in Fallujah killed 4 police officers. A bomb hit a truck near Baquba. The driver and his assistant died of their wounds at a nearby hospital. Some 70 women graduated in the first Daughters of Iraq, a group of female security volunteers.
    (SFC, 7/14/08, p.A3)

2008        Jul 15, In Iraq 2 suicide bombers blew themselves up in a crowd of army recruits at the Saad military camp in Baqouba, where devastating attacks persist despite security improvements elsewhere. At least 28 people died. In western Mosul, a bomb near an Iraqi police station killed four Iraqi civilians. Half an hour later, one Iraqi police officer and seven civilians died in a suicide car bombing in the east of the city. Three other bombs in Mosul wounded 15 people. The US military said it had captured the Iranian-trained leader of an explosives cell in Baghdad.
    (AP, 7/15/08)

2008        Jul 16, Coalition forces handed the Iraqi government control of a province south of Baghdad, reflecting security improvements across the country. US and Polish forces operated in the mostly Shiite province of Qadisiyah, the tenth of 18 provinces to revert to Iraqi authority. A car bomb killed at least 7 children and 11 other people in the northern city of Tal Afar. 90 people also were injured in the blast at a popular outdoor market. A car bomb killed two civilians in Mosul.
    (AP, 7/16/08)

2008        Jul 17, Kuwait's official news agency says the tiny Gulf country has named an ambassador to Iraq for the first time since the 1991 Gulf War.
    (AP, 7/17/08)

2008        Jul 18, In Iraq two suspected insurgents, linked to the June 26 suicide attack, were captured in a near Tarmiyah, north of Baghdad.
    (http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20080801/ap_on_re_mi_ea/iraq)

2008        Jul 19, Iraq's largest Sunni Arab political bloc ended a nearly yearlong boycott of the Shiite-led government in another step toward healing the sectarian rifts that once brought almost daily bloodshed. In Baghdad British PM Gordon Brown said plans are being made to scale back troops, but refused to consider an "artificial timetable" for withdrawing Britain's remaining 4,000 soldiers.
    (AP, 7/19/08)

2008        Jul 20, In Iraq a new airport opened in Najaf in what the prime minister said was a key step in the reconstruction of a country devastated by war. The government said an oil refinery in Iraq's western desert has resumed production. American soldiers killed two armed relatives of a provincial governor during a raid in Salahuddin province against al-Qaida in Iraq. 2 private security contractors were killed in a car bombing in Mosul. 8 Iraqis were injured in the blast.
    (AP, 7/20/08)(AP, 7/21/08)

2008        Jul 21, Barack Obama began his first on-the-ground inspection of Iraq since launching his bid for the White House, with US commanders ready to brief him on progress in a war he long opposed and Iraqi leaders wanting more details of his proposals for troop withdrawals. The US military in Iraq arrested a suspected propaganda expert in Baghdad linked to a militant group that receives training from Iran. Soran Mama Hama (23), a reporter for the Kurdish-language magazine Leven, was shot and killed near Kirkuk.
    (AP, 7/21/08)(AP, 7/22/08)

2008        Jul 22, Iraqi PM Nouri al-Maliki met with German Chancellor Angela Merkel for talks aimed at strengthening economic ties between the two countries.
    (AP, 7/22/08)

2008        Jul 23, Iraq's Kurdish government has denounced a draft law paving the way for US-backed provincial elections and urged the presidential council to reject it. The 18-year-old son of the chief editor of a US-sponsored newspaper was shot to death as an American patrol passed nearby in the northern city of Kirkuk.
    (AP, 7/23/08)(AP, 7/25/08)
2008        Jul 23, Turkish warplanes bombed 13 Kurdish rebel targets in the Zab region of northern Iraq.
    (AP, 7/24/08)

2008        Jul 24, In northern Baghdad gunmen in a speeding car opened fire on two different awakening council checkpoints in the Azamiyah neighborhood killing three of its guards and leaving another wounded. A female suicide bomber blew herself up near US-allied Sunni Arab fighters walking in a crowded area of Baqouba, killing at least eight of the guards and wounding 24 other people.
    (AP, 7/24/08)
2008        Jul 24, Iraq was told it's not welcome to the Beijing Olympics because of a political feud in Baghdad that angered the games' guardians and exiled a country that arrived to a roaring ovation at the opening ceremony four years ago.
    (AP, 7/25/08)

2008        Jul 27, In Iraq gunmen hiding in reeds in Madain, a Sunni town south of Baghdad, killed seven Shiite pilgrims as they were marching to a shrine in the capital for a major holiday.
    (AP, 7/27/08)
2008        Jul 27, In Istanbul, Turkey, bomb blasts killed 17 people in a crowded square in the residential neighborhood of Gungoren. 5 of the dead were children. Turkish warplanes bombed 12 Kurdish rebel targets on Mount Qandil in northern Iraq.
    (AP, 7/28/08)(AP, 7/27/08)

2008        Jul 28, In Iraq 3 female suicide bombers blew their explosive vests in the middle of pilgrims in Baghdad, moments after a roadside bomb attack, killing at least 32 people and wounding 102. In Kirkuk 25 people were killed and 185 wounded when a blast tore through a crowd of Kurds protesting a draft provincial elections law. A roadside bomb attack killed four civilians near Balad Ruz.
    (AP, 7/28/08)

2008        Jul 29, US and Iraqi forces launched a new operation aimed at clearing al-Qaida in Iraq from the volatile Diyala province, considered the last major insurgent safe haven near the capital.
    (AP, 7/29/08)
2008        Jul 29, The International Olympic Committee agreed to allow Iraq to participate in the Beijing games, reversing itself after Baghdad pledged to ensure the independence of its national Olympics.
    (AP, 7/30/08)
2008        Jul 29, Turkish warplanes attacked Kurdish rebels in Iraq's north, killing a group of guerrillas gathered at a mountain cave.
    (AP, 7/29/08)

2008        Jul 30, Nearly 50,000 Iraqi police and soldiers were involved in a US-backed operation against al-Qaida in Iraq in one of its last major strongholds near the capital. A roadside bomb targeted an Iraqi army patrol in eastern Baghdad, killing at least one Iraqi soldier and wounding seven other people.
    (AP, 7/30/08)

2008        Jul 31, In Iraq a suicide car bomber rammed an explosives-laden vehicle into the wall of a police station near the northern city of Mosul, killing three policemen and wounding four. A judge died of wounds suffered in an attack the day before in Mosul. Insurgents clashed with US-allied Sunni Arab fighters and killed one of them near the village of al-Waib, south of Baqouba.
    (AP, 7/31/08)

2008        Jul, Kadisiya became the 10th of 18 Iraqi provinces to come under Iraqi command.
    (Econ, 8/2/08, p.48)

2008        Aug 1, In Iraq a roadside bomb attack has killed two Iraqi soldiers and wounded two others in northern city of Kirkuk.
    (AP, 8/1/08)

2008        Aug 2, More than 1,000 Sunni Arabs and Turkomen staged a demonstration to protest calls by Kurds to annex the oil-rich city of Kirkuk to their autonomous region as Iraqi officials met in Baghdad to defuse tension over the disputed city. The U.S. military said it has released more than 10,000 detainees in Iraq so far this year, more than in all of 2007, as it continues to try phase out its running of Iraqi prisons. A roadside bomb in Baghdad killed one member of the US-allied Sunni fighters and wounded two others. An American soldier died and another was injured in a vehicle accident southwest of Baghdad.
    (AP, 8/2/08)(AP, 8/3/08)

2008        Aug 3, In Iraq a truck bomb exploded during rush hour on a busy street in northern Baghdad, killing at least 12 people and wounding about two dozen. A roadside bomb killed six people, including three Iraqi soldiers, and wounded 13 others south of Baghdad. In Tarmiyah a clash between US-allied fighters and civilians killed one civilian and wounded 10 others.
    (AP, 8/3/08)

2008        Aug 4, Iraqi officials reported that at least nine Iraqis died in a separate series of bombings. 2 American soldiers were killed and one was wounded by a roadside bomb in Baghdad that also killed 2 Iraqis.
    (AP, 8/4/08)

2008        Aug 5, It was reported that Muqtada al-Sadr planned to reorganize his Mahdi Army militia into a social services organization. Gunmen killed Sheik Ibrahim al-Karbouli, a senior leader of a US-allied Sunni group, and six of his guards in an ambush in Youssifiyah. Police also discovered the bodies of three awakening council members who were abducted several days ago. Roadside bombings also killed another person and wounded a dozen, in a second consecutive day of bombings in the capital.
    (WSJ, 8/4/08, p.A1)(AP, 8/5/08)
2008        Aug 5, The US General Accounting Office predicted Iraq could finish the year with as much as a $79 billion cumulative budget surplus due to the influx of oil revenues. The GAO estimated that Iraqi oil revenues from 2005 through the end of this year will amount to at least $156 billion.
    (AP, 8/7/08)

2008        Aug 7, Sheik Salah al-Obeidi said Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr will call on his fighters to maintain a cease-fire against American troops but may lift the order if a planned Iraq-US security agreement lacks a timetable for the withdrawal of American forces. A roadside bomb killed eight Bedouins, including three women and two children, on a remote desert highway west of Nasiriyah frequently used by US and Iraqi troops. Gunmen killed a senior member of the Sunni Iraqi Islamic Party, Mahmoud Younis Fathi, and a colleague as they were driving to work in the northern city of Mosul. Elsewhere in Mosul, three Iraqi policemen were killed when a booby-trapped wooden cart exploded after they arrived to collect a body that had been left on the street beside it.
    (AP, 8/7/08)

2008        Aug 8, Anti-US cleric Muqtada al-Sadr ordered most of his followers to disarm but said he will maintain an elite fighting unit to resist the Americans in Iraq. Ashraf al-Yas (19) talked his way through a police checkpoint, drove his vehicle into a crowded farmers market and detonated his explosives. He killed 28 people and injured 72 in Tal Afar. A roadside bombing in Baghdad killed an American soldier and wounded 2 others.
    (AP, 8/8/08)(AP, 8/9/08)(SSFC, 8/10/08, p.A19)(AP, 8/30/08)

2008        Aug 9, In Iraq a bodyguard who works for Youth and Sports minister Jassim Mohammed Ja'afar was gunned down outside his home near the city of Kirkuk. Unidentified gunmen shot dead a 50-year-old woman outside her home in the al-Maamoun district in Mosul.
    (AP, 8/9/08)
2008        Aug 9, Georgia, the third largest contributor to the U.S.-led coalition in Iraq, said it's pulling out its 2,000-strong contingent from Iraq to join the fighting in the breakaway province of South Ossetia.
    (AP, 8/9/08)

2008        Aug 10, Iraqi Foreign Minister Hoshiyar Zebari said the US must provide a "very clear timeline" to withdraw its troops from Iraq as part of an agreement allowing them to stay beyond this year. A series of bombs struck Iraqi security forces and commuters in the Baghdad area, killing at least seven people and wounding 25 others. A female suicide bomber killed a US soldier and at least four Iraqis in a complex attack in Tarmiyah. An Iraqi police official said 17 Iraqis were killed in the Tarmiyah attack, including 3 members of the Awakening Council.
    (Reuters, 8/10/08)(AP, 8/10/08)(AP, 8/11/08)(SFC, 8/11/08, p.A5)

2008        Aug 11, The Iraqi government said it has halted military operations in Diyala province for a week to give insurgents time to surrender. A female suicide bomber (15) struck a market checkpoint in the provincial capital of Baqouba, killing at least one policeman and wounding 14 other people. Another bomb exploded in the Wijaihiyah area, about 12 miles east of Baqouba, killing 5 Iraqi women. A bomb stuck under a car exploded in eastern Baghdad, killing the driver and wounding two other people.
    (AP, 8/11/08)(SFC, 8/12/08, p.A7)

2008        Aug 12, A male suicide bomber, dressed as a woman, struck an Iraqi army convoy carrying senior officials in Baqouba, killing at least two people. US soldiers over the last 24 hours captured nine suspected militants linked to what the military called an Iranian-backed group known as the Hezbollah Brigades in northern Baghdad.
    (AP, 8/12/08)(SFC, 8/13/08, p.A6)

2008        Aug 13, A suicide truck bomber targeted the mayor of a town near the oil-rich city of Kirkuk, while another car bomb struck civilians elsewhere in northern Iraq. A bomb in a parked car struck a local market in the Qayara area south of the northern city of Mosul, killing at least two people and wounding five.
    (AP, 8/13/08)

2008        Aug 14, In Iraq 2 roadside bombs went off in separate Baghdad locations, killing one policeman and wounding 17 people, including 14 Shiite pilgrims headed on foot to the holy city of Karbala for a major religious festival. Gunmen shot dead an off-duty policeman and army soldier in separate incidents in the northern city of Mosul. A female suicide bomber blew herself up in Iskandariyah. The US military said 18 people were killed in the attack, but Iraqi police in the area gave a higher death toll of 26.
    (AP, 8/14/08)(AP, 8/15/08)
2008        Aug 14, A senior US military intelligence officer said Iraqi Shiite assassination teams are being trained in at least four locations in Iran by Tehran's elite Quds force and Lebanese Hezbollah and are planning to return to Iraq in the next few months to kill specific Iraqi officials as well as US and Iraqi troops.
    (AP, 8/15/08)

2008        Aug 15, Iraqi security forces began taking over checkpoints near the Iranian border previously manned by Georgian troops before they redeployed home following recent fighting with Russia. A roadside bomb struck a minibus beginning the trip in eastern Baghdad morning, killing at least one passenger and wounding 10 others. A passenger van packed with explosives blew up at a bus station in Balad, north of Baghdad. 9 people were killed and 40 wounded.
    (AP, 8/15/08)(AP, 8/16/08)

2008        Aug 16, In Iraq a car bomb exploded as Shiite pilgrims were boarding minibuses in Baghdad, killing at least 3 people, in a third straight day of attacks on travelers heading to a religious ceremony in Karbala. Iraqi police and hospital employees said six people were killed and 11 injured. The US military put the toll at three dead and eight injured.
    (AP, 8/16/08)

2008        Aug 17, In Iraq Farooq al-Obeidi, deputy head of a group of US-allied Sunni fighters, was killed by a suicide bomber, dressed in a woman’s robe, along with at least 9 other people in the Azamiyah neighborhood of northern Baghdad.
    (SFC, 8/18/08, p.A6)(AP, 8/18/08)

2008        Aug 18, In southern Iraq masked gunmen ambushed a bus carrying electoral officials south of Basra, killing two and seriously wounding a third. A suicide bombing killed 7 policemen in Ramadi.
    (AP, 8/18/08)(WSJ, 8/19/08, p.A1)

2008        Aug 19, Iraqi troops raided local government offices in the volatile Diyala province, arresting two people, including a university president. They then advanced to the provincial governor's office where exchanged fire with the government forces, prompting a gunfight that killed the governor's secretary, Abbas al-Tamimi, and injured four guards. Iraqi troops detained the son of a prominent Sunni leader during a raid in Baghdad.
    (AP, 8/19/08)(AP, 8/20/08)

2008        Aug 21, US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice and Iraqi Foreign Minister Hoshyar Zebari said they agree that timetables should be set for the withdrawal of US troops. A key part of the US-Iraqi draft agreement envisions the withdrawal of American forces from Iraq's cities by next June 30. The US military released an Iraqi television cameraman for the Reuters news agency and other news organizations without charges after 26 days in detention.
    (AP, 8/21/08)(AP, 8/22/08)

2008        Aug 22, Supporters of Shiite leader Muqtada al-Sadr said Iraqi troops have raided an al-Sadr stronghold, killing one of his guards and arresting another.
    (AP, 8/22/08)

2008        Aug 23, The US military released Ahmed Nouri Raziak (38), a cameraman for Associated Press Television News, without charges after detaining him for nearly three months. Gunmen in Basra killed Haider al-Saymari (38), a Shiite cleric and outspoken critic of sectarian militias, in an ambush on a car that also carried his wife, mother and sister, who were not harmed.
    (AP, 8/23/08)(AP, 8/24/08)

2008        Aug 24, In Baghdad, back-to-back roadside bombs targeting a police patrol killed three Iraqi civilians and wounded 20, including six police officers. A bomb in a pile of hay killed 3 farmers southeast of Baghdad. Three separate attacks in Diyala province killed 9 people. A suicide bomber struck west of Baghdad, killing at least 25 people. A teenage Iraqi girl wearing a vest packed with explosives turned herself in rather than go through with a suicide bombing in a violence-torn city north of Baghdad. The US military announced the arrest of Salim Abdallah Ashur Shujayri (aka Abu Uthman), a Baghdad leader of al-Qaida in Iraq believed to have planned the 2006 abduction of US journalist Jill Carroll.
    (AP, 8/24/08)(Reuters, 8/25/08)(SFC, 8/25/08, p.A8)

2008        Aug 26, In Iraq a suicide bomber attacked police recruits in Jalula in Diyala province killing 28 people and wounding 25. A bomb planted in a parked car killed 5 people and wounded 8, including three policemen, in the city of Tikrit.
    (AP, 8/26/08)(SFC, 8/27/08, p.A7)

2008        Aug 27, American forces arrested Ali al-Lami, a top Iraqi Shiite government official, as he stepped off a plane at Baghdad's airport. The US said the man arrested was a leader of Iranian-backed militias and was behind a bombing that killed 10 people on June 24, including four Americans. An American soldier died of wounds suffered in a roadside bombing a day earlier in northeast Baghdad.
    (AP, 8/27/08)(AP, 8/28/08)
2008        Aug 27, China and Iraq signed a $3 billion deal revising a prewar agreement for China's biggest oil company to help develop the Ahdab oil field. On Sep 2 Iraq’s Cabinet approved the deal with China National Petroleum Corp.
    (AP, 8/28/08)(AP, 9/2/08)

2008        Aug 28, Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr released a statement saying his largely disbanded Mahdi Army militia would extend its cease-fire "until further notice." An American soldier died of wounds he received after coming under fire while patrolling northern Baghdad a day earlier.
    (AP, 8/28/08)

2008        Aug 29, A gunmen killed a member of a local US-allied Sunni group and his family in the village of Withah, Diyala province. His father, mother and an infant were also killed in the attack, which was in coordination with an assault on a nearby Iraqi army checkpoint that wounded one Iraqi soldier.
    (AP, 8/30/08)

2008        Aug 30, The US military said more than 11,000 Iraqis have been released from American detention centers this year, leaving some 19,700 still in custody.
    (AP, 8/30/08)

2008        Sep 1, The US military handed over control of once brutally violent Anbar province to Iraqi forces, marking a major milestone in America's plan to eventually send its troops home.
    (AP, 9/1/08)
2008        Sep 1, Most of the Muslim Mideast began the first day of Ramadan, but Iraqi Shiites, some Lebanese Shiites and Iran will start observing the holy month of fasting on Sep 2.
    (AP, 9/1/08)

2008        Sep 2, Iraq’s Cabinet approved an oil deal, signed August 27, with China National Petroleum Corp. An American soldier died of non-combat related causes in Baghdad. Ibrahim Jassam, an Iraqi freelance photographer working for Reuters, was detained during a raid on his home in the town of Mahmoudiya. A US military spokesman said Jassam was detained because he was "assessed to be a threat" to Iraq and coalition forces. Jassam was released after 17 months in detention.
    (AP, 9/2/08)(AP, 9/3/08)(AP, 2/10/10)

2008        Sep 3, A friendly fire shootout between Iraqi security forces and American soldiers killed six Iraqis in Tarmiyah, 30 miles north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 9/3/08)

2008        Sep 4, The US military arrested an Iraqi cameraman and three of his family members during a raid on their home in Baghdad. Omar Husham (28) was arrested in the predominantly Sunni neighborhood of Azamiyah.
    (AP, 9/4/08)

2008        Sep 5, The Iraqi government reacted sharply to published allegations that the US spied on Iraq's PM Maliki, warning that future ties with the United States could be in jeopardy if the report were true. An explosion in the western Baghdad neighborhood of Mansour killed six bodyguards of ex-Iraqi deputy prime minister and former Pentagon favorite, Ahmad Chalabi, who escaped the suicide car bomb attack on his convoy.
    (AP, 9/6/08)

2008        Sep 6, In Iraq a suicide car bomber blasted an outdoor market in northern Tal Afar city, killing six people and wounding 54. Kurdish security forces raided a house in Irbil province, killed a suspected member of an al-Qaida front group and captured a 17-year-old girl wearing an explosives vest.
    (AP, 9/6/08)

2008        Sep 9, The Iraqi oil ministry said Anglo-Dutch energy giant Royal Dutch Shell has agreed to a gas joint venture with Iraq worth up to four billion dollars, becoming the first Western oil major to gain access to the violence-wracked country's vast energy reserves.
    (AP, 9/9/08)

2008        Sep 10, Two bombs exploded an hour apart in the Shiite holy city of Karbala, killing at least two people and wounding 15 others, including women and children. Health officials said cholera has killed two people in a province south of Baghdad, indicating that water quality and sanitation remain poor in a country that has endured years of war.
    (AP, 9/10/08)

2008        Sep 11, Japan said it was ending an air mission in Iraq, wrapping up a military deployment which was historic for the pacifist nation but deeply unpopular among the public.
    (AFP, 9/11/08)

2008        Sep 13, Bombs and shootings killed at least 16 people in Iraq, including four employees of an Iraqi television station. They were abducted in Mosul while filming a program about the Islamic holy month of Ramadan. At night in western Baghdad a bomb exploded in the car of Fuad Ali Hussein, killing him and his deputy and two bodyguards. Hussein was head of a neighborhood awakening council.
    (AP, 9/13/08)(AP, 9/14/08)

2008        Sep 14, Roadside bombs killed five Iraqi policemen and injured eight others north of Baghdad. An American soldier in Iraq died of causes unrelated to combat.
    (AP, 9/14/08)

2008        Sep 15, A suicide bomber blew herself up among police officers who were celebrating the release of a comrade from US custody, killing at least 22 people. Separate bombings in Iraq killed 13 other people.  A member of a Sunni group allied with US forces was killed by a bomb stuck to his car in a mainly Sunni neighborhood in northern Baghdad.
    (AP, 9/15/08)(AP, 9/16/08)

2008        Sep 16, In Iraq a bicycle laden with explosives exploded near a military truck in a market north of Baghdad, killing 2 civilians and wounding 19. Gen. Ray Odierno took over as the top American commander of the Iraq conflict.
    (AP, 9/16/08)

2008        Sep 18, In Iraq an explosives-laden car parked at a bus station in the southern city of Nasiriyah killed two people and wounded one. 7 American soldiers were killed in southern Iraq when their helicopter crashed as it was flying into the country from Kuwait.
    (AP, 9/18/08)

2008        Sep 19, Seven Iraqis were killed in a raid by American troops backed by attack aircraft targeting al-Qaida in Iraq. Those killed in the Sunni town of Adwar included four suspected insurgents and three women. Iraqi officials and neighbors said the family had no connection to the insurgency. Gunmen killed Sheik Oday Ali Abbas al-Ajrish, a cleric loyal to US foe Muqtada al-Sadr, in the southern city of Basra.
    (AP, 9/19/08)(AP, 9/20/08)
2008        Sep 19, South Korea said it will completely withdraw its remaining troops from Iraq by December, ending five years of military deployment.
    (AP, 9/19/08)

2008        Sep 21, Iraqi interior ministry Brig. Adel Abbas was injured along with his driver in a drive-by shooting in western Baghdad. Earlier reports said he had been killed. A finance ministry director was seriously wounded when a bomb exploded in his car, also in western Baghdad. An American soldier was killed when his patrol came under small-arms fire in Baghdad. Suicide truck bombings in Mosul and Kirkuk killed 6 people including police or police cadets.
    (AP, 9/21/08)(AP, 9/22/08)(SFC, 9/22/08, p.A10)

2008        Sep 22, Iraq and Royal Dutch Shell PLC signed a deal to establish a joint venture that will tap natural gas in southern Iraq. A mortar round apparently aimed at an Iraqi military base missed its target and slammed into a house in northwestern Baghdad, killing one man and wounding four others. A car bomb struck a mainly Shiite area in central Baghdad. Police said two men and a woman were killed and seven people wounded. In Mosul a bomb hidden under trash killed at least 5 children playing soccer.
    (AP, 9/22/08)(SFC, 9/23/08, p.A10)

2008        Sep 23, Two bombs apparently targeting Iraqi security forces struck different areas in Baghdad, killing at least one civilian and wounding seven others. US soldiers accidentally killed Jassim al-Garrout, a US-allied Sunni group leader in Siniyah.
    (AP, 9/23/08)(SFC, 9/24/08, p.A9)

2008        Sep 24, Iraq's parliament overwhelmingly approved a provincial elections law, overcoming months of deadlock and giving a boost to US-backed national reconciliation efforts. An ambush against Iraqi forces raiding Othmaniyah, a Sunni village northeast of Baghdad killed 35, most of them commandos sent to the area as part of a US-backed military crackdown. A suicide bomber killed a US soldier in Diyala province.
    (AP, 9/24/08)(AP, 9/25/08)

2008        Sep 25, Iraq's Health Ministry reported that a total of 327 cholera cases had been confirmed in central and southern Iraq since an outbreak of the disease last month. A roadside bomb killed an American soldier south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 9/25/08)(AP, 9/26/08)

2008        Sep 27, Iraqi police fatally shot Riya Qahtan, a Kurdish politician, in Diyala province, a killing that underlines the growing tensions between Kurds and Arabs in parts of the north. The US military arrested five Iranian-backed Shiite extremists, in 3 separate locations in eastern Baghdad. accused in recent rocket attacks on Iraqi and American forces. The extremists were suspected of links to the Hezbollah Brigades, a Shiite extremist group that the US believes is backed by Iran.
    (AP, 9/27/08)

2008        Sep 28, In Iraq 3 explosions in Baghdad killed at least 31 people.
    (SFC, 9/29/08, p.A19)

2008        Sep 30, An American soldier was killed by small-arms fire in northern Baghdad, one of only eight US deaths during fighting in September. At least 159 Iraqi police, soldiers and Sunni armed guards who have joined forces with the Americans against al-Qaida in Iraq were killed in September. At least 503 Iraqis were killed in September, a more than 50 percent drop compared with 1,023 reported last September.
    (AP, 10/1/08)

2008        Oct 1, The Iraqi government took responsibility for paying some 54,000 members of Sunni Arab groups fighting al-Qaeda. A bombing in a car parked outside a kebab restaurant in the mostly Shiite commercial district of Karradah in central Baghdad killed at least three people.
    (AP, 10/1/08)(WSJ, 10/2/08, p.A14)

2008        Oct 2, Suicide bombers targeted Shiite worshippers as they left morning prayers at two Baghdad mosques, killing 24 people and injuring 50 others. Gunmen fatally shot six Sunnis as they traveled in a minibus in the mainly Shiite town of Wajihiyah, 60 miles north of Baghdad. A suicide bomber in western Baghdad wounded four American soldiers and 2 Iraqis.
    (AP, 10/2/08)(WSJ, 10/3/08, p.A14)

2008        Oct 3, Iraq's presidential council officially approved a law that paves the way for US-backed provincial elections to be held by the end of January. Iraq's parliament had approved the law unanimously on Sept. 24 following months of deadlock centering on a Kurdish-Arab dispute over the city of Kirkuk. Kurdish legislators agreed to the latest proposal after all sides accepted a UN compromise to put off the vote in Tamim province, which includes Kirkuk, and form a committee to recommend separate legislation for elections there by March 31. The US military killed Mahir Ahmad Mahmud al-Zubaydi, also known as Abu Assad or Abu Rami, an al-Qaida in Iraq leader. He was suspected of masterminding the Oct 2 attacks in Baghdad as well as recent bombings and the 2006 videotaped execution of a Russian official. American troops also killed the man's wife in a firefight as they tried to capture him in the northern neighborhood of Azamiyah in Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/3/08)(AP, 10/4/08)

2008        Oct 4, A ceremony in Diwaniyah marked the departure of Polish troops from Iraq. Poland sent combat troops into Iraq as part of the US-led coalition and had 2,500 troops deployed there at its peak. The last 900 were being pulled out this month. Two US helicopters collided while landing at a base in Baghdad. One Iraqi soldier was killed.
    (AP, 10/4/08)(AP, 10/5/08)

2008        Oct 5, Ahmed Abul Gheit, the first Egyptian foreign minister to visit Iraq in nearly two decades, arrived in Baghdad and promised to help Iraq face its challenges. 11 people, including women and children, were killed after US forces came under attack by gunfire and a suicide bomber during a raid in Mosul. There were no casualties among American forces. Elsewhere in the northern city, gunmen opened fire on mourners in a funeral tent, killing 5 people and wounding 7 others. American troops acting on a tip killed Abu Qaswarah (also known as Abu Sara), the No. 2 leader of al-Qaida in Iraq in a raid in the northern city of Mosul. The Moroccan was known for his ability to recruit and motivate foreign fighters.
    (AP, 10/5/08)(SFC, 10/6/08, p.A3)(AP, 10/15/08)

2008        Oct 7, In Iraq an American soldier was fatally shot by an al-Qaida in Iraq extremist in Mosul. An Iraqi policeman was also killed in the fighting.
    (AP, 10/7/08)

2008        Oct 8, In Iraq a female suicide bomber detonated an explosives vest in Baqouba, the provincial capital of Diyala province, killing 10 people and wounding 21. A man accompanying the woman failed to detonate his explosives vest and was arrested at the scene.
    (AP, 10/8/08)(SFC, 10/9/08, p.A4)

2008        Oct 9, Saleh al-Auqaeili, an Iraqi lawmaker loyal to anti-U.S. Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr, was killed when a bomb struck his convoy in Baghdad. At least one bystander was also killed in the bombing.
    (AP, 10/9/08)

2008        Oct 10, In Iraq Diyar Abbas Ahmed (28), a Kurdish journalist, was gunned down in Kirkuk. A New York-based journalists' group said it was the 136th killing of a reporter since the US-led invasion of Iraq five years ago. A car bomb exploded in a market in southern Baghdad killing at least 14 people. Bombings and shooting around the country killed 24 people.
    (AP, 10/11/08)(SFC, 10/11/08, p.A3)

2008        Oct 12, In Iraq Qassim al-Aboudi, the spokesman for the election commission, said there's not enough time to organize a ballot this year but that it will take place soon after the New Year. 2 Iraqi soldiers were killed in the Yarmouk district of Baghdad. A car bomb exploded in a commercial street of southwestern Baghdad, killing 7 people and wounding 9 others. Another car bomb in Mosul killed 6 people. A Christian music store owner was shot to death in Mosul, the latest in a series of killings that has caused thousands of members of the religious minority to flee the city. Iraq deployed around 1,000 police in Christian areas of Mosul as thousands of members of the minority group fled the worst violence against them in 5 years. A spate of attacks on Christians in Mosul since September 28 had killed at least 11 people.
    (AP, 10/12/08)(AFP, 10/12/08)(AP, 10/13/08)(SFC, 10/13/08, p.A12)

2008        Oct 13, Iraq's oil minister met 34 oil company representatives in London to set out the ground rules for foreign multinationals' first bite at the country's enormous energy reserves since the U.S.-led invasion in 2003.
    (AP, 10/13/08)

2008        Oct 15, Baghdad and Washington reached final agreement on a pact requiring US forces to withdraw from Iraq by 2012. The agreement, reached after months of difficult negotiations, would allow US troops to remain here after their UN mandate expires Dec. 31. The US military detained 2 suspected insurgents in raids targeting al-Qaida in Iraq's leadership in the northern Iraqi city of Mosul. A US soldier died of noncombat causes.
    (WSJ, 10/16/08, p.A1)(AP, 10/16/08)(AP, 10/17/08)(SFC, 10/17/08, p.A9)

2008        Oct 16, A heavy sandstorm turned Iraq's capital into a pinkish haze, sending dozens of people to the hospital with respiratory problems and delaying a number of international flights. The US military detained 2 more suspected insurgents in raids targeting al-Qaida in Iraq's leadership in the northern Iraqi city of Mosul. A US soldier was killed in Diyala province.
    (AP, 10/16/08)(SFC, 10/17/08, p.A9)
2008        Oct 16, The International Committee of the Red Cross said Iran and Iraq have signed an agreement to trace missing persons from the war between the two countries. About 1 million people died in the eight-year war that began when Saddam Hussein launched an attack on Iran in 1980.
    (AP, 10/16/08)

2008        Oct 17, A bomb planted near a Baghdad mosque killed three Shiite worshippers as they were leaving prayers. Iraqi mosques used the Muslim week's holy day to address recent attacks against Christians.
    (AP, 10/17/08)

2008        Oct 18, Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr called on Iraq's parliament to reject a US-Iraqi security pact as tens of thousands of his followers rallied in Baghdad against the deal.  Abdul-Hadi al-Janabi, the leader of a US-allied Sunni group that turned against al-Qaida, was killed in a drive-by shooting south of Baghdad. Masked gunmen attacked the home of a US-allied Sunni group in Balad, north of Baghdad, killing 5 people.
    (AP, 10/18/08)(SSFC, 10/19/08, p.A22)

2008        Oct 19, Iraq’s PM Nouri al-Maliki's ruling Shiite alliance said that parts of the draft security agreement that would keep US troops here for three more years needs more discussion and amendments before it can be approved. A roadside bomb targeting an Iraqi police patrol killed two people and wounded 10 in southeastern Baghdad. A second roadside bomb in the same neighborhood blew up shortly afterward, wounding three other policemen traveling in car and four civilians in another vehicle. A US Marine died in a non-combat incident at Asad Air Base in the west of Iraq.
    (AP, 10/19/08)(AP, 10/20/08)

2008        Oct 20, The United States and Iraq announced a $14 million program to set up a conservation and historic preservation institute, refurbish the National Museum in Baghdad and enhance the training of museum and archaeological professionals in Iraq. An Iraqi policeman was arrested for allegedly using police vehicles to smuggle weapons to Baghdad. Bombs struck a double-decker bus and a taxi in eastern Baghdad, killing four people.
    (AP, 10/20/08)

2008        Oct 21, Iraq's Cabinet decided to ask the Americans for unspecified changes in the draft security pact. A bomb targeting a police patrol exploded in eastern Baghdad, wounding two civilians.
    (AP, 10/21/08)

2008        Oct 22, A car bomb exploded in the northern Iraqi city of Mosul, killing four civilians. Local government acknowledged it has yet to persuade frightened Christians to return to the homes they fled. In Baghdad three separate blasts killed a sick man being transported in an ambulance and wounded 11 others. An influential Iraqi cleric living in Iran issued a fatwa condemning a US-Iraqi security pact that would keep American troops in Iraq for three more years and warned Iraqi leaders not to back the deal.
    (AP, 10/22/08)

2008        Oct 23, The US relinquished control of a southern province that includes Sunni areas once known as the "triangle of death," handing security responsibility to the Iraqi government. Babil was the 12th of 18 Iraqi provinces to be placed under Iraqi control. In Baghdad Iraq's labor minister escaped assassination when a suicide bomber rammed an explosives-laden SUV into his convoy, killing at least nine people.
    (AP, 10/23/08)

2008        Oct 25, About 300 Shiites rallied in the southern city of Basra against a security pact being negotiated that allows US troops to stay in Iraq for three more years. In Baghdad, bombs killed an Iraqi army brigadier general and a soldier.
    (AP, 10/25/08)

2008        Oct 27, In Iraq US forces killed 5 assailants in the eastern district of New Baghdad. A roadside bomb exploded later in the same district killing 3 civilians. A car bomb in Baghdad killed a doctor and his friend. A car bomb in Tuz Khormato killed an Iraqi soldier.
    (SFC, 10/28/08, p.A8)(SFC, 10/28/08, p.A8)

2008        Oct 28, In Iraq 4 police officers were killed in a drive-by shooting in the northern city of Mosul and three civilians were killed in a separate Baghdad bombing.
    (AP, 10/28/08)
2008        Oct 28, Turkey's warplanes and artillery struck Kurdish rebel targets inside northern Iraq.
    (AP, 10/28/08)

2008        Oct 29, In Iraq the US military handed over security responsibilities for the southern province of Wasit to Iraqi authorities. A new commuter rail was launched that travels 15 miles through Sunni and Shiite neighborhoods in the heart of Baghdad. At least 8 people were killed and wounded dozens in separate attacks. A bombing in eastern Baghdad killed six people.
    (AP, 10/29/08)(AP, 10/30/08)
2008        Oct 29, The UN panel overseeing compensation for victims of Iraq's 1990 invasion of Kuwait said it has paid an $888.6 million (709.4 million euros) installment from Iraqi oil funds to cover losses and damages suffered by governments and private companies.
    (AP, 10/29/08)

2008        Oct 30, An Iraqi opposition lawmaker claimed that thousands of his countrymen are being mistreated in detention centers outside the official prison system. A car bomb exploded near a market in north Baghdad, killing one person and wounding five.
    (AP, 10/30/08)

2008        Nov 1, In Iraq a police quick reaction force for Anbar province moved to the border town of Qaim, about 200 miles northwest of Baghdad, to prevent al-Qaida from moving into the area from Syria. Unknown assailants gunned down a policeman on a foot patrol along Palestine Street in Shiite eastern Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/1/08)

2008        Nov 3, In Iraq PM Nouri al-Maliki pledged to protect Iraq's Christian minority, which has faced a spate of attacks this month in the northern city of Mosul. Parliament approved legislation restoring guaranteed seats on provincial councils to Christians and other small religious communities, the last major hurdle to holding provincial elections next year. A string of bombings in Baghdad and Baqouba killed nine people and wounded at least 33 others.
    (AP, 11/3/08)

2008        Nov 4, In Iraq bombs exploded at a bus station and a small market in Baghdad, killing at least 15 people and wounding 29 others. One person died when a roadside bomb targeted the convoy of a Shiite government official and former member of the Iraqi Governing Council in central Baghdad. In Mosul a suicide bomber rammed his car into a passing police patrol, injuring four officers. One civilian died on the scene of a road accident with coalition troops near the city of Tikrit. A second Iraqi died after being rushed to an aid station.
    (AP, 11/4/08)(SFC, 11/5/08, p.A17)

2008        Nov 5, In Iraq a suicide bomber rammed his car into a police patrol on the road to Baghdad’s airport, killing 6 people. In Amara a police officer died from a roadside bomb.
    (SFC, 11/6/08, p.A2)

2008        Nov 6, A series of bomb blasts across Baghdad killed six people and injured more than 20 others, in the fourth consecutive day of heightened violence in the Iraqi capital. The al-Qaida leader, known as Abu Ghazwan, was killed during a raid on a weapons cache. An American soldier has died of noncombat related causes.
    (AP, 11/6/08)(AP, 11/7/08)(AP, 11/8/08)
2008        Nov 6, Romania's defense minister says the country's 501 peacekeepers in Iraq will all leave by the end of the year.
    (AP, 11/6/08)

2008        Nov 8, PM Nouri al-Maliki called for changes to the Iraqi constitution to give more power to the central government, especially in security and other key fields. Kurdish politicians promptly dismissed al-Maliki's proposals, defending their regional rule. Iraq's presidential council signed off on legislation giving Christians and other religious minorities fewer guaranteed seats on provincial councils than the UN and some political groups had recommended. A suicide bomber slammed his car into a police checkpoint, killing eight civilians and wounding 17 policemen on a highway near Ramadi.
    (AP, 11/8/08)

2008        Nov 9, In Iraq a female suicide bomber blew herself up at a hospital west of Baghdad, killing three people and injuring five others. 2 women and a 10-year-old girl were killed in the attack in Amiriyat al-Fallujah near Fallujah. A roadside bomb in Mosul killed 3 Iraqi soldiers and wounded 4 others. A bomb attached to a bike in Khalis killed at least 2 people.
    (AP, 11/9/08)(SFC, 11/10/08, p.A12)

2008        Nov 10, In Iraq a suicide bomber struck in a crowd gathered at the site of an explosion that moments earlier had damaged a bus filled with schoolgirls. Both blasts killed 31 people and wounding 71 others. A female suicide bomber attacked a security checkpoint in Baqouba, killing five people including a local leader of Sunni group opposed to al-Qaida.
    (AP, 11/10/08)(AP, 11/11/08)
2008        Nov 10, Iraq and China signed the final agreement on a $3 billion deal to develop the Ahdab oil field south of Baghdad over a 22 year-period.
    (AP, 11/11/08)

2008        Nov 11, The Imams Bridge in north Baghdad reopened. It had closed 3 years ago after a stampede during a Shiite procession killed almost 1,000 people. A pair of roadside bombs exploded in quick succession in east Baghdad during the morning rush hour, killing 3 people and wounding 14 others. An Internet monitoring service said 10 Iraqi insurgent groups have agreed to escalate attacks against US and Iraqi forces to derail the proposed US-Iraqi security agreement. Hajji Hammadi, a leader of al-Qaida in Iraq, was killed. He was blamed in the April, 2004, abduction and murder of Army reservist Staff Sgt. Matt Maupin of Batavia, Ohio.
    (AP, 11/11/08)(AP, 11/12/08)(AP, 11/20/08)

2008        Nov 12, In Iraq a series of bombings shook Baghdad for the third straight day, killing at least 11 people and wounding about 60. In Mosul unidentified gunmen killed two sisters from a Christian family as they were waiting in front of their house for a ride to work. Barzan Mohammed Abdullah, an Iraqi soldier, opened fire on US troops after a quarrel broke out in Mosul, killing two American soldiers and wounding six in a military compound before he was shot to death.
    (AP, 11/12/08)(SFC, 11/13/08, p.A3)

2008        Nov 13, An American soldier died of a noncombat cause in western Iraq. A civilian cargo aircraft crashed in the desert south of Fallujah.
    (AP, 11/14/08)(AP, 11/13/08)

2008        Nov 14, Azerbaijan lawmakers voted 86-1 to back President Ilham Aliev's request to withdraw the 150 troops serving as part of the US-led coalition in Iraq.
    (AP, 11/14/08)
2008        Nov 14, Iraq's national security advisor said all British troops will be out of Iraq by the end of next year.
    (AFP, 11/14/08)

2008        Nov 15, A senior aide to PM Nouri al-Maliki said US and Iraqi negotiators have agreed on a draft of a security pact that would allow American troops to stay in Iraq for three more years after their UN mandate expires Dec. 31. A suicide car bomber struck a commercial district in the northern city of Tal Afar, killing 10 people and wounding 20. In Baghdad a car bomb parked near the National Theater exploded in the mainly Shiite district of Karradah, killing at least five people and wounding 23. An American Marine died from wounds suffered in a roadside bombing west of Baghdad a day earlier.
    (AP, 11/15/08)

2008        Nov 16, Iraq's Cabinet approved a security pact with the United States that will allow American forces to stay in Iraq for three years after their UN mandate expires at the end of the year. 7 people died and 7 others were wounded in a suicide car bombing at a police checkpoint in Diyala province. A roadside bomb in a Sunni enclave of Baghdad killed three people and wounded 7 at a checkpoint belonging to US-backed fighters. The US military said Iraq's Shiite-dominated government is making good on promises to pay thousands of US-backed Sunni fighters in Baghdad, despite some government unease over the alliance.
    (AP, 11/16/08)

2008        Nov 17, Baghdad Mayor Sabir al-Issawi said in statement that Iraq's Cabinet has earmarked $3 billion for a Baghdad subway project.
    (AP, 11/17/08)

2008        Nov 18, Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani. Iraq's top Shiite cleric, said that the US-Iraqi security pact would only be viable if the country's main political groups backed it and it restored the country's full sovereignty. Iraqi lawmakers loyal to Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr disrupted a parliamentary debate ahead of a Nov. 24 vote on a US-Iraqi security agreement that would keep American troops in Iraq for three more years. An alleged senior member of Iran's elite security forces suspected of funneling arms into Iraq was detained by Iraqi police at Baghdad International Airport while he was trying to leave the country. The man was released on Nov 21.
    (AP, 11/18/08)(AP, 11/19/08)(AP, 11/23/08)

2008        Nov 20, Iraqi opposition lawmakers shouted and pounded their desks in protest in a second day of emotional debate in parliament over a proposed agreement with the US that would allow American forces to stay in Iraq for three more years. An American soldier died of non-combat-related causes.
    (AP, 11/20/08)(AP, 11/21/08)

2008        Nov 21, In Iraq thousands of followers of a radical Shiite cleric protested a proposed US-Iraqi security deal, burning an effigy of President George W. Bush in the same square where Iraqis beat a toppled Saddam Hussein statue five years ago.
    (AP, 11/21/08)

2008        Nov 23, Baghdad authorities killed more than 200 stray dogs, the opening day of a campaign to cull dog packs roaming the capital that was prompted by a spate of fatal attacks on residents. According to Baghdad's provincial council 13 people died in August alone in the capital after being attacked by dogs.
    (AP, 11/23/08)

2008        Nov 24, In Iraq a female suicide bomber blew herself up near an entrance to the US-protected Green Zone killing 7 people. A bomb tore through a minibus carrying Iraqi government employees and killed at least 13 people, most of them women. Three more people were killed in bomb attacks on police patrols in Baghdad and Baqouba. An American soldier died of noncombat-related causes in Diyala province.
    (AP, 11/24/08)(AP, 11/25/08)(SFC, 11/25/08, p.A13)
2008        Nov 24, Adel Hussein was sentenced six months in jail by a court in Irbil, capital of the Kurdish-ruled region, for violating a public decency law by writing a story about homosexuality. The case centered on an April 2007 article Hussein wrote for the independent weekly Hawlati that detailed the physical effects of homosexual sex.
    (AP, 12/3/08)

2008        Nov 25, In northern Iraq 2 American servicemen were killed when a gunman in an Iraqi army uniform opened fire while they were distributing humanitarian aid.
    (AP, 11/26/08)

2008        Nov 26, In Iraq intense deal making among political factions delayed by one day a parliamentary vote on a security pact that would allow American forces to stay in the country through 2011 under tight Iraqi supervision. A roadside bomb killed two civilians and wounded four in central Baghdad. 18 young women, purportedly belonging to a suicide bombing network in northern Iraq, surrendered and signed a form promising not to conduct attacks as part of a reconciliation program.
    (AP, 11/26/08)(AP, 11/27/08)

2008        Nov 27, Iraq's parliament approved a security pact with the United States that lets American troops stay in the country for three more years, setting a clear timetable for a US exit for the first time since the 2003 invasion. Under the security pact, US forces will withdraw from Iraqi towns and cities by June 30 and the entire country by Jan. 1, 2012.
    (AP, 11/27/08)(AP, 11/28/08)

2008        Nov 28, In Iraq a suicide bomber blew himself up among worshippers waiting to be searched outside a mosque run by followers of anti-American Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr, killing at least 12 people.
    (AP, 11/28/08)
2008        Nov 28, Japan announced it would end its airlift operations in Iraq by the end of the year, citing security improvements and moves toward democracy in Iraq.
    (AP, 11/28/08)

2008        Nov 29, In Iraq a rocket attack in Baghdad’s fortified Green Zone killed 2 people. In Diyala province Mayor Sayid al-Anbaki of Salam district announced the discovery of 7 mass graves in the village of Botoama. Al-Qaida in Iraq had dominated the region in 2006-2007.
    (SSFC, 11/30/08, p.A19)

2008        Nov 30, Iraqi and Iranian troops exchanged the remains of soldiers killed during the 1980-1988 war between the two countries. It was the first such handover since the two signed an agreement in October to work together in tracing thousands still missing after the war.
    (AP, 11/30/08)

2008        Dec 1, A series of suicide bomb attacks struck US and Iraqi security forces in Baghdad and the northern city of Mosul, killing at least 32 people and wounding dozens.
    (AP, 12/1/08)(SFC, 12/2/08, p.A4)

2008        Dec 2, A special Iraqi court sentenced Saddam Hussein's notorious cousin, "Chemical Ali" Hassan al-Majid, to death after convicting him of crimes against humanity for his part in crushing the 1991 Shiite uprising in southern Iraq. A series of bombs in northern and southern Iraq killed at least 14 Iraqis.
    (AP, 12/2/08)(SFC, 12/3/08, p.A17)

2008        Dec 3, In Iraq a sticky bomb attached to a minibus carrying Education Ministry employees exploded, killing at least one civilian and wounding five others in eastern Baghdad. Another such bomb attached to a car exploded near the entrance of the heavily fortified Green Zone, wounding the driver, an Iraqi contractor working with US forces.
    (AP, 12/3/08)

2008        Dec 4, Iraq's presidential council approved a security pact that sets out a three-year timeframe for US troops to leave, the final step for the agreement to replace a UN mandate that expires Dec. 31. Two suicide bombers in explosives-laden trucks took aim at police stations in the former Sunni insurgent stronghold of Fallujah, killing at least 15 people and wounding more than 100. A suicide car bomber killed two US soldiers and wounded nine Iraqi civilians near a checkpoint in the northern city of Mosul. A bomb in Baquba killed 3 people.
    (AP, 12/4/08)(SFC, 12/5/08, p.A23)

2008        Dec 5, In Iraq three women were killed in Balad Ruz, north of Baghdad, when a bomb planted in a radio exploded.
    (AP, 12/5/08)

2008        Dec 6, A series of attacks targeted Iraqi security forces in Baghdad and in the north, killing at least six people, including a senior member of an anti-al-Qaida group.
    (AP, 12/6/08)

2008        Dec 7, In Iraq a bomb hidden in an abandoned store exploded as the mayor of Baqouba was leading a tour through the city center. The blast wounded the mayor, Abdullah al-Hiali, and 34 other people. In northern Iraq Dr. Adel Hussein, freelance journalist, was pardoned by Massoud Barzani, the president of the self-ruled Kurdish region in the country's north. He had been imprisoned for 13 days for violating a public decency law by writing a story in 2007 about homosexuality. He was among 121 people pardoned by the president in advance of the Muslim celebration of Eid al-Adha.
    (AP, 12/7/08)(AP, 12/10/08)

2008        Dec 8, The US military captured four suspected members of a Shiite militant group in Iraq allegedly trained and funded by Iran.
    (AP, 12/8/08)

2008        Dec 11, In northern Iraq a suicide bomber struck a crowded restaurant where Kurdish officials were meeting with Arab tribal leaders to discuss long-standing ethnic tensions, killing at least 48 people and wounding nearly 100.
    (AP, 12/11/08)(SFC, 12/12/08, p.A4)

2008        Dec 14, Pres. George W. Bush visited Baghdad just 37 days before he hands the war off to President-elect Barack Obama, who has pledged to end it. At the end of nearly two hours of meetings, Bush defended the war, now in its sixth year, as a reporter threw his shoes at him. The reporter was later identified as Muntadar al-Zeidi, a correspondent for Al-Baghdadia television, an Iraqi-owned station based in Cairo, Egypt. Bush then traveled to Afghanistan where he spoke to US soldiers and Marines at a hangar on the tarmac at Bagram Air Base. On March 12 shoe thrower was convicted of assaulting a foreign leader and sentenced to 3 years in prison. On April 7 the sentence was soon reduced to one year. In 2010 Muntadhar al-Zeidi published his first book, entitled "The Last Salute to President Bush."
    (AP, 12/14/08)(AP, 12/15/08)(AP, 3/12/09)(AP, 4/7/09)(AP, 12/14/10)
2008        Dec 14, It was reported that a 513-page draft version of “Hard Lessons: The Iraq Reconstruction Experience," was circulating among technical reviewers in Baghdad and Washington. It was compiled by the Office of the Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction led by Stuart Bowen, a Republican lawyer, and detailed the blunders of reconstruction efforts in Iraq.
    (SSFC, 12/14/08, p.A24)

2008        Dec 15, Thousands of Iraqis took to the streets to demand the release of a reporter who threw his shoes at President George W. Bush, as Arabs across many parts of the Middle East hailed the journalist as a hero and praised his insult as a proper send-off to the unpopular US president. A suicide truck bomber killed at least five people at a checkpoint west of Baghdad. A security official said three gunmen killed the imam of a local Sunni mosque in Saadiya, Diyala province. US troops killed three suspected insurgents and detained three others in separate operations targeting al-Qaida networks in northern Iraq. The US military handed over 39 detainees, described as former members of Saddam Hussein's regime, to the government.
    (AP, 12/15/08)(AP, 12/16/08)

2008        Dec 16, In Iraq Muntadhar al-Zeidi, the journalist who threw his shoes at President George W. Bush, was handed over to the Iraqi judiciary, a move that signals the start of criminal proceedings. 3 bombings in Baghdad and another in Diyala province killed four people and wounded at least 30.
    (AP, 12/16/08)

2008        Dec 17, British PM Gordon Brown said his country's troops will leave Iraq by May 31, ending a mission that provided the second-largest military presence in Iraq after the United States. Police said a double-bombing in Baghdad targeting traffic police left at least 18 people dead and 52 others wounded. The US military reported nine killed and 43 wounded.
    (AP, 12/17/08)
2008        Dec 17, Bulgaria's last 155 troops stationed in Iraq returned home. 13 Bulgarian soldiers and six civilians have died in Iraq since 2003. Bulgaria also has troops in international military missions in Afghanistan, Kosovo and Bosnia.
    (AP, 12/17/08)

2008        Dec 18, Iraqi officials said that up to 25 people from the three major security ministries have been arrested over the past week on accusations of conspiring to restore the Baath party, whose exiled leaders staunchly oppose the current government. On Dec 23 the police and security officials, arrested on suspicion of forging identity cards and badges, were released on bail. A police officer said gunmen stormed the Kirkuk home of Nahla Hussein al-Shaly (37) and shot and beheaded her.
    (AP, 12/18/08)(AP, 12/23/08)
2008        Dec 18, Albania's Defense Ministry said the country is pulling its 218 troops out of Iraq.
    (AP, 12/18/08)

2008        Dec 24, The prime ministers of Turkey and Iraq vowed to step up their cooperation in the fight against Turkish Kurdish rebels whose presence in northern Iraq has cast a shadow over relations.
    (AP, 12/24/08)

2008        Dec 25, Iraq's Christians, a scant minority in this overwhelmingly Muslim country, quietly celebrated Christmas with a present from the government, which declared it an official holiday for the first time. A bombing outside a restaurant frequented by police killed four people and wounded 25 others in Baghdad’s Shiite neighborhood of Shula. An American soldier was killed in a rocket or mortar attack near the northern city of Mosul.
    (AP, 12/25/08)

2008        Dec 26, Three suspected al-Qaida in Iraq insurgents broke out of jail during a riot that killed six police officers and seven prisoners in the western city of Ramadi.
    (AP, 12/26/08)(SFC, 12/27/08, p.A5)

2008        Dec 27, In Iraq a bomb tore through a busy square in Baghdad at midday, killing at least 24 people and wounding 54. A suspected al-Qaida in Iraq fugitive was killed in a gun battle with police in the western city of Ramadi. He was one of four suspected al-Qaida in Iraq members who escaped during a jailbreak and ensuing riot at a Ramadi police station a day earlier that left six policemen and seven insurgents dead. An Iraqi soldier and two other people were killed when a car bomb exploded as they were trying to defuse it in Musayyib. Police in the northern city of Kirkuk also arrested six suspected insurgents, including the former driver of Hassan al-Majid — Saddam Hussein's cousin who is also known as "Chemical Ali."
    (AP, 12/27/08)(SSFC, 12/28/08, p.A4)

2008        Dec 28, In Iraq a suicide bomber on a bicycle blew himself up amid a crowd of demonstrators in Mosul, who were protesting Israel's airstrikes on Gaza. One demonstrator was killed with 16 others wounded. A bomb exploded on the outskirts of Fallujah, killing two civilians and wounding four others. A roadside bomb killed a US soldier in Baghdad’s Sadr City.
    (AP, 12/28/08)(SFC, 12/29/08, p.A12)

2008        Dec 30, Iraqi forces arrested Arshad Abid Dayem, a leader of the "Soldiers of Heaven" cult, along with 4 of his aides. The cult has carried out bloody attacks during the Shiite Ashura holiday the past two years. Ashura this year falls on Jan 7.
    (AP, 12/31/08)

2008        Dec 31, In Iraq Oil Minister Hussein al-Shahristani kicked off the country's second postwar bidding round, naming 11 oil and gas fields or groups of fields as eligible for development proposals. 8 people were killed in four bombings in the north. At least 314 US soldiers died in 2008, down from 904 in 2007.
    (AP, 12/31/08)(AP, 1/1/09)

2008        Linda J. Bilmes and Joseph E. Stiglitz authored “The Three Trillion Dollar War: The True Cost of the Iraq Conflict.
    (Econ, 3/15/08, p.98)
2008        Patrick Cockburn authored “Muqtada: Muqtada al-Sadr, the Shia Revival, and the Struggle for Iraq."
    (Econ, 3/29/08, p.110)
2008        Ron Suskind authored “The Way of the World," in which he claimed that the White House in 2003 ordered the CIA to forge a back-dated, handwritten letter from Tahir Jalil Habbush al-Tikriti, the head of Iraqi intelligence, to Saddam Hussein.
    (http://tinyurl.com/5tzhxl, 8/5/08)
2008        Abu Deraa, the nom de guerre of Ismail al-Lami, fled Iraq to Iran. He was a military leader of Sadr's Mahdi Army until he was disowned by the militia for alleged atrocities during sectarian Shiite-Sunni conflicts that peaked in 2006-2007.
    (AFP, 8/10/11)

2009        Jan 1, The United States handed over control of the Green Zone and Saddam Hussein's presidential palace to Iraqi authorities in a ceremonial move described by the country's prime minister as a restoration of Iraq's sovereignty. British forces handed over control of Basra airport, its main military base in southern Iraq, to Iraqi officials in accordance with an agreement signed with Baghdad this week. A roadside bomb killed two Iraqi soldiers in the town of Jalula, 80 miles northeast of Baghdad. In Mosul a parked truck bomb killed three police officers trying to search it and wounded a bystander. In Kirkuk Iraqi and US troops killed three suspected al-Qaida gunmen during a raid. American soldiers shot and wounded a woman after she failed to heed warnings to stop near a Baghdad checkpoint recently targeted by suicide and car bombs.
    (AP, 1/1/09)(AFP, 1/1/09)(AP, 1/3/09)

2009        Jan 2, In Iraq a suicide bomber sneaked into a luncheon gathering called by the leader of a local tribe in Youssifiyah, killing at least 23 people and wounding 110. Gunmen killed two people when they opened fire on a checkpoint manned by members of the Sons of Iraq in Jurf al-Sakhar. Four other people were reported wounded in the attack 40 miles south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 1/2/09)(SFC, 1/3/09, p.A3)

2009        Jan 3, In Iraq two brothers were killed and another was wounded when a bomb they were concealing in their car exploded near the town of Sinjar, 75 miles west of Mosul.
    (AP, 1/3/09)

2009        Jan 4, In Iraq a female suicide bomber blew herself up among a crowd of pilgrims worshipping at a revered Shiite shrine in northern Baghdad, killing at least 38 people and wounding about 72.
    (AP, 1/4/09)

2009        Jan 5, In Iraq the US inaugurated its largest embassy ever in the heart of the Green Zone, officially opening the $700 million fortress-like compound that was built as a testament to America's commitment to Iraq. Four bombs exploded in different parts of Baghdad just before noon, killing four people and wounding 19. Subhi Hassan, who handles political relations for the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan, and a bodyguard were killed after unidentified gunmen chased down their car after it passed through a checkpoint. US troops killed a civilian in a vehicle after the driver failed to heed warnings to stop in Baqouba.
    (AP, 1/5/09)(AP, 1/6/09)

2009        Jan 7, In northern Iraq a female suicide bomber allegedly planning to blow herself up among Shiite pilgrims was arrested, as millions joined processions across the country to honor the martyrdom of one of their most revered saints.
    (AP, 1/7/09)

2009        Jan 8, In Iraq 2 simultaneous roadside bombs tore through an Iraqi army patrol responding to a mortar attack north of Baghdad, killing six Iraqi soldiers. Two other Iraqi soldiers died in another blast near the city of Kirkuk.
    (AP, 1/8/09)

2009        Jan 9, In Iraq a roadside bomb targeting worshippers on their way to pray at a Shiite mosque in Baghdad killed three people.
    (AP, 1/9/09)

2009        Jan 11, In Iraq US soldier Pfc. Sean McCune died of a non-combat related injury near Samarra north of Baghdad. Sgt. Miguel A. Vegaquinones later pleaded guilty to involuntary manslaughter in the accidental shooting death of McCune. Vegaquinones was sentenced in July to three years in jail for the shooting. A US Marine died in a non-combat related incident west of Baghdad.
    (AP, 1/12/09)(SFC, 1/12/09, p.A3)

2009        Jan 12, In Iraq a series of bombs targeted Iraqi security forces in Baghdad. At least 10 people died as Vice President-elect Joe Biden arriving in Baghdad following trips to Afghanistan and Pakistan.
    (AP, 1/12/09)

2009        Jan 14, In Iraq two people were killed and two wounded in a suicide car bombing in the northern city of Mosul.
    (AP, 1/14/09)

2009        Jan 15, Iraq's minister of higher education escaped injury when a roadside bomb exploded near his convoy in central Baghdad. A government security guard was killed and four people were wounded in another blast. Iraqi police arrested 13 suspected Sunni insurgents north of Baghdad, including three senior members of an al-Qaida front group.
    (AP, 1/15/09)

2009        Jan 16, In Iraq a Shiite candidate for provincial elections was assassinated while campaigning south of Baghdad, underscoring fears that political rivalries will lead to a spike in violence ahead of a Jan. 31 vote.
    (AP, 1/16/09)

2009        Jan 17, The US Department of Defense announced that it transferred six detainees out of Guantanamo, leaving about 245 at the offshore prison. Four detainees were sent to Iraq, one to Algeria and one to Afghanistan. Since 2002, more than 525 detainees have departed Guantanamo. Haji Bismullah (29) of Afghanistan had always insisted that he was no terrorist.
    (AP, 1/18/09)(SFC, 1/19/09, p.A4)

2009        Jan 20, In Iraq the spokesman of PM al-Maliki said Iraq is willing to have the US withdraw all its troops and assume security for the country before the end of 2011, the departure date agreed to by former Pres. George W. Bush. In Baghdad 2 bombings left 5 people dead.
    (AP, 1/21/09)(SFC, 1/21/09, p.A22)

2009        Jan 21, In Iraq a top Sunni politician escaped assassination in a Baghdad car bombing that killed at least 2 other people. Samira Ahmed Jassim (nickname Umm al-Mumineen), a woman suspected of recruiting more than 80 female suicide bombers, was arrested, dealing a major blow to one of the most effective forms of attacks in Iraq.
    (WSJ, 1/22/09, p.A1)(AP, 2/3/09)

2009        Jan 22, In Iraq gunmen killed eight members of a Sunni family and kidnapped two others in a tense area northeast of Baghdad where Shiite militiamen still operate. A US soldier was killed in a non-combat vehicle accident.
    (AP, 1/23/09)
2009        Jan 22, Estonia said it will end its nearly six-year military mission in Iraq after it failed to agree with the Iraqi government on terms for its troop deployment.
    (AP, 1/22/09)

2009        Jan 23, Iraqi Foreign Minister Hoshiyar Zebari said Turkey, Iraq and the United States have agreed to set up a joint command center in northern Iraq to gather intelligence to fight Kurdish PKK rebels in the region.
    (Reuters, 1/23/09)
2009        Jan 23, Iraq's top security official called a decision by his government to close Camp Ashraf, housing some 3,500 members of an armed Iranian opposition group north of Baghdad "irreversible," saying the Iraqi authorities do not allow anti-Iran activities on their soil. Members of the terrorist People's Mujahedeen, known as the Mujahedeen-e-Khalq, will either be deported to Iran or be given the option of going to a third country. A bomb hidden inside a traffic police booth exploded in western Baghdad, killing a 7-year-old boy and wounding his mother.
    (AP, 1/23/09)

2009        Jan 24, In Iraq a suicide car bomber struck a police patrol in the former insurgent stronghold of Karmah west of Baghdad, killing four people, including a senior officer, and wounding six others. Gunmen opened fire on a checkpoint south of the capital manned by government-backed Sunni fighters who have joined forces with the Americans against al-Qaida in Iraq. Two of the so-called Sons of Iraq were killed in the attack in Jurf al-Sakr and two others were wounded. North of Baghdad a man and a woman were killed and a child was wounded during a US-Iraqi military operation in Hawija.
    (AP, 1/24/09)

2009        Jan 26, In northern Iraq 2 US helicopters crashed in Tamim province, killing four American troops, in the deadliest single incident for US forces in more than four months. Enemy fire was later reported as the cause of the collision.
    (AP, 1/26/09)(WSJ, 2/28/09, p.A1)

2009        Jan 27, In Iraq a car bomb exploded near a Kurdish party's office in the northern city of Mosul, killing at least three Iraqi soldiers only days before pivotal elections. A Sunni insurgent group claimed responsibility for downing two US helicopters that crashed a day earlier, killing four US troops. The US military denied the claim.
    (AP, 1/27/09)

2009        Jan 28, In Iraq special voting began for those needed on duty for Jan 31 elections, such as security forces and government officials. Iraqis held in detention also were expected to take part in the early voting.
    (AP, 1/28/09)
2009        Jan 28, Japan's former prime minister Shinzo Abe signed a partnership accord with Iraq, on a rare visit to the country for a senior leader of the close US ally.
    (AFP, 1/28/09)

2009        Jan 29, Iraq said it will bar Blackwater Worldwide from providing security protection for US diplomats because its contractors used excessive force, sanctioning a company whose image was irrevocably tarnished by the 2007 killings of 17 Iraqi civilians. Hazim Salim al-Zaidi (51), former Iraqi army officer in Mosul, was among three Sunni candidates killed two days ahead of elections. One of the other Sunnis was killed in a drive-by shooting in western Baghdad. The third was abducted along with his brother and cousin in the Diyala province town of Mandali near the Iranian border. Their bullet-riddled bodies were found later in the day.
    (AP, 1/29/09)(AP, 1/31/09)

2009        Jan 31, Iraq’s provincial elections wrapped up without any reports of serious violence. The polls decided who sits on the councils that run 14 of Iraq’s 18 provinces. The turnout was 51% of the 7.5 million eligible voters. US soldiers killed two Iraqi policemen after coming under fire during an operation against al-Qaida in northern Iraq. An American soldier died of a noncombat-related injury in the northern city of Kirkuk.
    (AP, 1/31/09)(AP, 2/1/09)(Econ, 1/24/09, p.54)(Econ, 2/7/09, p.40)

2009        Feb 1, In Iraq according to unofficial projections allies of Iraq's US-backed prime minister appeared to have made gains in the provincial elections, rewarding groups credited with reining in insurgents and militias.
    (AP, 2/1/09)

2009        Feb 2, In Iraq a roadside bomb targeting an American convoy exploded. Two people were killed and six others were wounded.
    (AP, 2/2/09)

2009        Feb 4, An Iraqi lawmaker said the prime minister's coalition will talk to other parties about sharing power in mostly southern areas after initial projections showed the Shiite leader's allies were the big winners in last weekend's provincial elections. Early results showed that PM al-Maliki’s allies, the Coalition of the State of Law, finished first in 10 of the 14 provinces.
    (AP, 2/4/09)

2009        Feb 5, The Iraqi election commission said that PM Nouri al-Maliki's party won 38 percent of the votes in Baghdad in the Jan 31 election, followed by allies of anti-US cleric Muqtada al-Sadr and a Sunni party with nine percent each. A suicide bomber blew himself up inside a crowded restaurant in a Kurdish city near the Iranian border, killing at least 12 people.
    (AP, 2/5/09)

2009        Feb 8, In Iraq Spc. James M. Dorsey (23) of Beardstown, Ill., was found unresponsive by fellow troops in Baghdad and attempts to resuscitate him were unsuccessful.
    (AP, 2/12/09)

2009        Feb 9, A senior Iraqi security official said that four prisoners have been transferred from the US military detention center in Guantanamo Bay to Iraqi custody. A suicide bomber detonated his car near a US Army patrol in Mosul killing 4 soldiers and their Iraqi translator.
    (AP, 2/9/09)(SFC, 2/10/09, p.A3)

2009        Feb 10, President Nicolas Sarkozy made the first-ever visit by a French head of state to Iraq, seeking to reassert French influence in the country even as the US prepares to draw down its forces.
    (AP, 2/10/09)

2009        Feb 11, In Iraq at least 12 people were killed and 25 others wounded in bombings in Baghdad targeting Shiite pilgrims traveling to Karbala.
    (AP, 2/11/09)(SFC, 2/13/09, p.A4)

2009        Feb 12, In Iraq a bomb attack targeting Shiite pilgrims in Karbala killed 8 people and injured 52 others.
    (AP, 2/12/09)(SFC, 2/13/09, p.A4)

2009        Feb 13, In Iraq a female suicide bomber attacked a tent filled with women and children resting from a pilgrimage to Karbala, killing 40 people and injuring 60 others. It was the deadliest attack in Iraq this year and the third straight day of bombings against Shiite pilgrims.
    (AP, 2/13/09)

2009        Feb 14, In Iraq a roadside bomb killed two civilians and wounded four others, including a soldier, when it exploded near an Iraqi army patrol in western Mosul.
    (AP, 2/14/09)

2009        Feb 15, Iraqi officials nullified election results in more than 30 polling stations across the country due to fraud in last month's provincial balloting, but the cases were not significant enough to require a new vote in any province. A bomb hidden in a garbage pile killed one person and injured 18 others in Sadr City. In Mosul one civilian and one police officer were killed in two separate attacks on police patrols. Police arrested a would-be suicide bomber south of Baghdad who had explosives under his clothes and said he was also planning to target pilgrims headed to Karbala. US Staff Sgt. Dean D. diamond (41) was killed after an improvised explosive device detonated near his vehicle.
    (AP, 2/15/09)(SFC, 2/18/09, p.B5)

2009        Feb 16, In Iraq roadside bombs struck two minibuses filled with Shiite pilgrims returning to Baghdad, killing eight people, in the latest of a series of deadly attacks targeting the pilgrims.
    (AP, 2/16/09)

2009        Feb 17, Frank-Walter Steinmeier, Germany's foreign minister met with top Iraqi leaders in Baghdad in the latest high-level visit by a major Western nation that opposed the 2003 US-led invasion but has promised to help Iraq rebuild now that security has improved.
    (AP, 2/17/09)
2009        Feb 17, In southern Iraq a bus filled with Shiite pilgrims collided with a British military vehicle, killing seven pilgrims and injuring 27 others.
    (AP, 2/18/09)

2009        Feb 18, In Iraq a roadside bomb targeting a police patrol in the northern city of Mosul killed one policeman. In Baghdad gunmen killed a local official from the Sunni Iraqi Islamic Party.
    (AP, 2/18/09)

2009        Feb 20, A US Army medic was convicted of murder for his involvement in the execution-style slayings of four bound and blindfolded Iraqi detainees shot in the back of the head in the spring of 2007. The court sentenced him to life in prison.
    (AP, 2/21/09)

2009        Feb 21, Iraq's infamous Abu Ghraib prison reopened as the Baghdad Central Prison, with official promises of humane treatment in a lockup notorious as a center for abuse, both under Saddam Hussein and the US military.
    (AP, 2/21/09)

2009        Feb 22, A military official said Iraqi authorities have issued an arrest warrant for a Sunni lawmaker accused of masterminding a series of high-profile attacks, including mortar strikes on the Green Zone and a 2007 suicide bombing inside the parliament building. Lawmaker Mohammed al-Dayni denied the allegations.
    (AP, 2/22/09)

2009        Feb 23, Iraq's restored National Museum was formally dedicated, nearly six years after looters carried away priceless antiquities and treasures in the chaos following the US-led invasion. Iraq's Interior Ministry said it has arrested a Shiite police gang accused of killing the Sunni vice president's sister. 3 US soldiers and an interpreter were killed during fighting north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 2/23/09)(AP, 2/24/09)

2009        Feb 24, Two Iraqi police officers opened fire on 4 American soldiers and two interpreters inside a police station in Mosul. One US soldier and an interpreter were killed. The assailants, believed to be associated with Al-Qaida, escaped. The two policemen an officer and a sergeant, were arrested in June by US and Iraqi forces and handed over to Iraqi custody.
    (SFC, 2/25/09, p.A2)(AP, 6/18/09)
2009        Feb 24, South Korea signed a $3.55 billion deal with Iraq to help rebuild the war-ravaged country in return for oil and gas. The deal was inked by South Korean President Lee Myung-bak and his Iraqi counterpart Jalal Talabani.
    (AP, 2/24/09)

2009        Feb 25, Iraqi authorities ordered the mid-flight return of a plane carrying a Sunni lawmaker accused of directing a private terror cell, forcing him back to Baghdad hours before parliament lifted his immunity and cleared the way for his arrest. Mohammed al-Dayni faced allegations he masterminded a string of attacks that include a 2007 suicide bombing inside the parliament building and mortar strike on Baghdad's Green Zone. Al-Dayni was picked up by his personal security contingent before government security arrived. He was later believed to be in Syria where he appeared on a cooking show.
    (AP, 2/25/09)(SFC, 2/26/09, p.A2)(AP, 5/30/09)

2009        Feb 26, In Iraq an American soldier died while conducting a combat patrol in Baghdad.
    (AP, 2/27/09)

2009        Feb 27, President Barack Obama outlined his plan for withdrawing combat troops from Iraq by Aug. 31, 2010.
    (AP, 2/28/09)

2009        Feb 28, A US Marine died in a non-combat related incident in Iraq's western Anbar province.
    (AP, 3/1/09)

2009        Feb, US jets shot down an Iranian unmanned surveillance aircraft over Iraqi territory about 60 miles northeast of Baghdad. The Ababil 3 was tracked for about 70 minutes before US jets shot it down "well-inside Iraqi airspace."
    (AP, 3/17/09)

2009        Mar 1, In Iraq about 2,000 Shiites staged marches to protest the results of provincial elections in tense Diyala province.
    (AP, 3/1/09)

2009        Mar 2, In Iraq Ali Hassan al-Majid, aka “Chemical Ali," was sentenced to death for a 3rd time, following his conviction relating to the Feb 19, 1999, death of ayatollah Mohammed Sadiq al-Sadr. Previous convictions related the killing of Kurds in the late 1980s and the 1991 crackdown on Shiites in southern Iraq.
    (SFC, 3/3/09, p.A3)

2009        Mar 3, In Iraq the body of Munther Mohammed Shaheen, the son of a newspaper editor, was found in Kirkuk. One American soldier was killed in Mosul as insurgents attacked an US-Iraqi base there.
    (AP, 3/4/09)(SFC, 3/4/09, p.A2)

2009        Mar 4, In Iraq a suicide bomber triggered an explosives-packed belt as he walked among members of a police intelligence unit in central Baghdad, killing three people. A suicide car bomb exploded at a police checkpoint in Mosul, killing at least two policemen and wounding 15 people. Gunmen killed a Sunni sheik, his wife and two sons near Samarra, 60 miles (100 kilometers) north of Baghdad. Gunmen killed Brig. Gen. Salam Salman Mohammed, a senior Ministry of Interior official, as he drove to work in Baghdad.
    (AP, 3/4/09)(SFC, 3/6/09, p.A2)

2009        Mar 5, Iraq's parliament passed a $58.6 billion budget after agreeing to sharp cuts amid falling oil prices. A car bomb exploded in a crowded livestock market selling sheep, cattle and goats south of Baghdad, killing at least 12 people and wounding dozens. Justin Pope (25), a US veteran who returned to Iraq as a civilian contractor, was shot to death overnight while protecting American diplomats in Kirkuk.
    (AP, 3/5/09)(AP, 3/8/09)

2009        Mar 7, Iraq's PM Nouri al-Maliki called for an end to the practice of distributing top government jobs along religious and ethnic lines, saying the system leads to weakness and mismanagement.
    (AP, 3/7/09)

2009        Mar 8, The US military announced that 12,000 American and 4,000 British troops will leave Iraq by September, hours after a suicide bomber struck police and recruits lined up at the entrance of Baghdad's main academy, killing about 30 people, including 5 police officers.
    (AP, 3/8/09)(SFC, 3/9/09, p.A2)

2009        Mar 9, In Iraq rockets slammed into the British military base outside the southern city of Basra, killing one civilian. It was the first such attack on the base in nearly three months.
    (AP, 3/9/09)

2009        Mar 10, In Iraq a suicide bomber struck Sunni and Shiite tribal leaders touring a market after a reconciliation meeting west of Baghdad, killing 33 people. A US Marine died in an incident that did not involve combat.
    (AP, 3/10/09)

2009        Mar 12, Turkish warplanes carried out new bombing raids against Kurdish rebel positions in northern Iraq. The strike targeted hideouts of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) in the Zap-Avashin region of the Kurdish-held autonomous north of Iraq.
    (AFP, 3/13/09)

2009        Mar 16, In Iraq a 12-year-old girl was killed when American soldiers fired at a vehicle speeding toward them and Iraqi police near Mosul. The military said the girl was standing about 100 yards (meters) behind the vehicle and was struck by a round. In Baghdad a US soldier was fatally injured during combat operations.
    (AP, 3/17/09)

2009        Mar 18, In Iraq a bomb killed a farming couple in Diyala province. A suicide car bomber struck a patrol, killing a policeman and wounding two others in Mosul.
    (AP, 3/18/09)

2009        Mar 19, A US airstrike on a militant hideout south of Balad Ruz in Diyala province killed at least 11 insurgents. A US soldier died from non-combat causes.
    (AP, 3/20/09)

2009        Mar 20, In Iraq followers of anti-US Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr protested US presence on the 6th anniversary of the start of the Iraq war. In Baghdad’s Karrada district a pair of roadside bombs exploded within 10 minutes of one another wounding 4 police officers and 3 civilians.
    (SFC, 3/21/09, p.A3)

2009        Mar 23, Turkey's president began the first visit to Iraq by a Turkish head of state in more than 30 years, seeking to press Iraqi leaders to stop Kurdish rebels from launching cross-border attacks on Turkey. In northern Iraq a suicide bombing against a Kurdish funeral in Jalula killed 27 people. 8 people were killed in a bombing at a bus stop west of Baghdad. A suicide blast in Tel Afar killed police officer and wounded 8 people.
    (AP, 3/23/09)(AP, 3/24/09)(SFC, 3/24/09, p.A2)

2009        Mar 24, Kurdish rebels rejected calls by Iraq's president to stop fighting against Turkey and leave Iraqi territory as the visiting Turkish president stepped up pressure on the Baghdad government to act against the group.
    (AP, 3/24/09)

2009        Mar 25, In Iraq an American soldier has died of non-combat injuries.
    (AP, 3/27/09)

2009        Mar 26, In Iraq a car bomb exploded near a crowded market in a mainly Shiite area of Baghdad, killing at least 20 people, including 4 women and 4 children, in the country’s sixth major attack this month. A bomb attached to a car exploded elsewhere in eastern Baghdad, wounding four people. Gunmen killed Sheik Abdul-Kareem Saleh, a Sunni Arab cleric, and wounded his son at Jalula, a town northeast of Baghdad where a suicide bomber struck a Kurdish funeral this week. A foreign contractor was shot and killed at a base north of Baghdad. Pfc. Carl T. Stovall III (25) of Kennesaw, Georgia, was taken into custody soon after the shooting at the US base in Taji.
    (AP, 3/26/09)(AP, 3/27/09)(SFC, 3/27/09, p.A4)(AP, 4/5/09)

2009        Mar 28, Iraqi troops in Baghdad arrested the head of Fadhil's Awakening Council for alleged terrorist activity and for purportedly leading an armed group loyal to Saddam Hussein's ousted party. Adil al-Mashhadani was believed to have been involved in murder, extortion and other crimes as well as leading an armed wing of Saddam's Baath party.
    (AP, 3/29/09)

2009        Mar 29, US-backed Iraqi forces swept through a central Baghdad slum, disarming government-allied Sunni fighters who launched a two-day uprising to protest the arrest of their leader. Up to 30% of the Sunni paramilitaries involved in the uprising escaped with their weapons. A roadside bomb exploded near a security patrol in the southern city of Basra, killing one security guard and three civilians.
    (AP, 3/29/09)(AP, 4/1/09)

2009        Mar 31, In Iraq a suicide truck bomber plowed through a sandbag barrier to strike a police station in the northern city of Mosul, killing at least eight people and wounding 12. The British military transferred over coalition command of the oil-rich southern province of Basra to the US. A US Marine died as the result of a non-combat incident in Anbar province. A US soldier died in a "noncombat-related incident" in Salahuddin province.
    (AP, 3/31/09)(AP, 4/1/09)

2009        Apr 2, An Iraqi military spokesman said the government will next week start paying Sunni paramilitary groups in the Baghdad area despite weekend clashes with one of the units. In Baghdad two gunmen firing from a car killed an Iraqi army officer in the Mansour district. One of the gunmen was killed and the other captured. Militants hurled a grenade at an American patrol on Palestine Street in east Baghdad, wounding two civilians. In Mosul a roadside bomb exploded near a small restaurant frequented by police, wounding four of them and a civilian. A US aircraft attacked a group of men believed to be members of a government-allied Sunni paramilitary group as they were planting a roadside bomb at night north of Baghdad, killing one and wounding two. Two gay men were killed Sadr City by relatives who were shamed by their behavior, after a leading cleric repeatedly condemned homosexuality. The killings come weeks after Iraqi police found four bodies near Sadr City with the word pervert written on their chests.
    (AP, 4/2/09)(AP, 4/3/09)(AP, 4/4/09)

2009        Apr 3, In Iraq an American soldier died of noncombat-related causes in Anbar province.
    (AP, 4/4/09)

2009        Apr 5, In Iraq Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas won assurances that Iraqi leaders will protect Palestinians living in Iraq, including thousands stranded in desert refugee camps, during his first visit to the country since the US-led invasion of 2003. Two roadside bombs in Fallujah killed one officer and wounded three other people. Someone threw a grenade at a police patrol in Samarra, killing one policeman and wounding four. 8 people, including seven policemen, were wounded by a bomb that blasted their patrol in the northern oil city of Kirkuk.
    (AP, 4/5/09)

2009        Apr 6, In Iraq a series bombs rocked Shiite neighborhoods of Baghdad, killing 37 people and wounding more than 100 in a dramatic escalation of violence.
    (AP, 4/6/09)(AP, 4/7/09)

2009        Apr 7, President Barack Obama flew into Iraq from Turkey on a trip shrouded in secrecy, for a brief look at a war he opposed as a candidate and now vows to end as commander in chief. A car bomb in a Shiite neighborhood of Baghdad killed at least nine people and wounded 18 others. A suicide car bomb killed three people at a police checkpoint in Fallujah. In Iskandariyah police found the bullet-riddled body a member of the Awakening Council, a group of former Sunni insurgents who sided with the US in the fight against al-Qaida in Iraq. The councilman was kidnapped a day earlier. A car bombing in Kazimiyah killed nine people, including a mother who was riding in a taxi with her infant son.
    (AP, 4/7/09)(AP, 4/8/09)

2009        Apr 8, In Iraq a bomb left in a plastic bag exploded near the most important Shiite shrine in Baghdad, killing seven people and wounding 23.
    (AP, 4/8/09)
2009        Apr 8, A fishing vessel carrying 45 boatpeople, believed to be from Iraq, landed on Australia’s remote Christmas Island, island, a day after the opposition party said a softer stance on refugees had prompted a "surge" in illegal immigrants.
    (AFP, 4/8/09)

2009        Apr 9, In Iraq tens of thousands of supporters of an anti-US Shiite cleric demanded an end to the US military presence and burned effigy of ex-President George W. Bush in a rally marking the sixth anniversary of the fall of Baghdad to American forces. Police raided a cartoon exhibition in the Shiite city of Karbala and seized a drawing depicting PM Nouri al-Maliki with a long nose trying to repair a car labeled "sectarian distribution of jobs." On Apr 12 a parliamentary committee criticized police for raiding the exhibition.
    (AP, 4/9/09)(AP, 4/12/09)

2009        Apr 10, In northern Iraq a suicide bomber rammed his explosives-laden truck into a sandbagged wall surrounding a police headquarters in Mosul, killing five American soldiers and two Iraqi policemen in the single deadliest attack against US forces in more than a year.
    (AP, 4/10/09)
2009        Apr 10, In Moscow Iraqi PM Nouri al-Maliki met with Russian President Dmitry Medvedev and PM Vladimir Putin. Al-Maliki told Medvedev in the Kremlin that Iraq is interested in Russian investment, and Putin said at a joint news conference that talks focused on oil and gas cooperation.
    (AP, 4/11/09)

2009        Apr 11, In Iraq a suicide bomber walked into a crowd of US-allied Sunni paramilitaries and detonated his explosives belt, killing nine and wounding 30 others waiting in line for their salaries in Jbala.
    (AP, 4/11/09)
2009        Apr 11, In Moscow Iraqi PM Nouri al-Maliki met with Russian business leaders to encourage them to take an active part in rebuilding Iraq's economy.
    (AP, 4/11/09)

2009        Apr 12, In Iraq a roadside bomb killed a US soldier north of Baghdad. A second roadside bombing struck two cars carrying Iraqis in the Jisr Diyala area, about 10 miles (16 km) southeast of Baghdad. Nine people were wounded in the explosion, including two women and a teenage boy.
    (AP, 4/12/09)

2009        Apr 13, In Iraq an American soldier was killed by an armor-piercing bomb south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/13/09)

2009        Apr 15, In Iraq 11 Oil Ministry guards were killed and 13 wounded in a car bombing in Kirkuk.
    (AP, 4/17/09) 

2009        Apr 16, In Iraq a suicide bomber dressed in an army uniform detonated an explosives belt among Iraqi soldiers lined up for lunch at a base in Habbaniyah, killing at least 16 and wounding 50. Officials later maintained no one died but the attacker. An American Marine died as a result of a noncombat related incident in western Anbar province.
    (AP, 4/16/09)(AP, 4/17/09)

2009        Apr 17, In Iraq mortar rounds killed at least 4 people in the Shiite Jisr Diyala district south of Baghdad.
    (SFC, 4/18/09, p.A2)

2009        Apr 19, Iraq's parliament ended months of political paralysis by electing Ayad al-Samarraie, a prominent Sunni lawmaker, as its new speaker. Armed with pistols equipped with silencers simultaneously raided two jewelry stores near one another in northern Baghdad. At least 7 people were killed in the daylight heist.
    (AP, 4/19/09)(SFC, 4/20/09, p.A2)

2009        Apr 20, In Iraq a suicide bomber killed 4 Iraqi police officers and wounded eight US soldiers visiting the mayor of Baqouba city. At least 9 civilians were also injured.
    (AP, 4/20/09)(SFC, 4/21/09, p.A4)(Reuters, 4/23/09)

2009        Apr 22, In Iraq a suicide bomber killed at least five people and wounded 15 inside a mosque in central Iraq. A US soldier died from combat related injuries sustained during a patrol in an eastern section of Baghdad.
    (Reuters, 4/23/09)(AP, 4/23/09)

2009        Apr 23, In Iraq two suicide bombers blew themselves up in separate attacks, killing at 88 people. One blast in Baghdad killed 31 people. In the other near Muqdadiya 57 dead included visiting Shiites from Iran.
    (AP, 4/23/09)(AP, 4/24/09)
2009        Apr 23, Iran's official news agency says Tehran has reached an agreement with Iraq to build a pipeline that will feed Iraqi crude to an Iranian refinery.
    (AP, 4/23/09)

2009        Apr 24, In Iraq back-to-back, female suicide bombings killed 71 people outside Baghdad’s Shiite shrine of Imam Mousa al-Kazim. Among the dead were 25 Iranian pilgrims. An American soldier died as a result of a noncombat related incident in the northern Salahuddin province.
    (AP, 4/24/09)(AP, 4/25/09)

2009        Apr 26, In southern Iraq a pre-dawn raid by US forces killed a woman in Kut. It drew sharp fallout from Iraqi authorities who demanded an investigation and ordered the arrest of two high-ranking Iraqi military officers for allegedly allowing the operation to happen. Iraqi police officials say the wife and brother of a local clan leader were killed. US forces arrested six members of so-called "special groups," Shiite militia factions that were once part of the Mahdi Army of Muqtada al-Sadr. 3 Christians were killed in the northern city of Kirkuk. Police said the slayings appear to be an attempt by al-Qaida to spark sectarian clashes.
    (AP, 4/26/09)(AP, 4/27/09)

2009        Apr 29, An Iraqi-US patrol was ambushed while distributing grants to Iraqi businesses near the northern city of Kirkuk. Iraqi officials said two civilians were killed when the Americans returned fire, but the US military said those killed were enemy fighters. Five bombs hit various neighborhoods of Baghdad, killing at least 48 people in another powerful strike by suspected Sunni insurgents seeking a return to sectarian chaos.
    (AP, 4/29/09)(SFC, 4/30/09, p.A2)

2009        Apr 30, British forces formally ended combat operations in Iraq, one month ahead of schedule. A solemn ceremony remembered 179 dead comrades from six years of warfare.
    (AFP, 4/30/09)(SFC, 5/1/09, p.A2)
2009        Apr 30, Turkey's military said its warplanes struck Kurdish rebel targets overnight in northern Iraq.
    (AP, 4/30/09)

2009        Apr 30, The Iraqi government decided to kill three wild boars at the Baghdad Zoo amid worldwide fears of swine flu. No date was set for their killing. Two US Marines and a sailor were killed during combat operations in Anbar province.
    (AP, 5/1/09)(SFC, 5/2/09, p.A2)

2009        May 1, In northern Iraq Ammar Afif Hamada (19), a would-be Syrian suicide bomber linked to al-Qaida in Iraq, was tackled by guards on the doorstep of a mosque in Kirkuk.
    (AP, 5/2/09)

2009        May 2, In Iraq a roadside bomb also exploded near a car and a cement mixer in Kirkuk, killing at least 3 civilians and wounding 3 others. Two American soldiers were killed after a gunman opened fire at a combat outpost near Mosul. The attacker was described as a soldier, who also served as a Sunni Muslim preacher for his unit. Iraqi police arrested Mullah Nadim Jibouri, an Awakening leader in Duluija, along with 2 of his brothers.
    (AP, 5/2/09)(SSFC, 5/3/09, p.A6)(SFC, 5/4/09, p.A3)(SFC, 5/6/09, p.B5)

2009        May 4, Iraq’s Foreign Ministry summoned the Iranian ambassador to Baghdad and handed him a letter of protest, demanding that Iran halt shelling against Kurdish rebels in the country's north and warned the "extremely dangerous violations" of Iraqi territory could harm relations between the two countries.
    (AP, 5/5/09)

2009        May 5, A South Korean official said 3 South Korean army personnel have been convicted of accepting or seeking bribes while serving as part of a US-led alliance aimed at rebuilding Iraq. A captain identified by his surname Park, was sentenced last month by a South Korean military court to three years in prison for taking $25,000 and a digital camera worth $800 from a local firm involved in construction projects in the northern city of Irbil in return for administrative favors. A master sergeant and a major received suspended jail terms for demanding bribes from other Iraqi firms. The captain and the two others were arrested in South Korea in December following a joint US-South Korean investigation.
    (AP, 5/5/09)

2009        May 6, In Iraq a car bomb exploded at the entrance to a fruit and vegetable market in south Baghdad, killing 15 people and wounding about 40. Hours later, another car bomb exploded in the capital's Karradah district, killing two people and wounding six.
    (AP, 5/6/09)

2009        May 7, The Baghdad contract for the security firm once known as Blackwater Worldwide ended, although the company will temporarily continue operations elsewhere in Iraq. US troops in Mosul shot dead a 12-year-old Iraqi boy suspected of throwing a grenade at them. It was believed insurgents were paying children to help them. The boy was found with 10,000 Iraqi dinars, or around $8.50, in his hand.
    (AP, 5/7/09)(AP, 5/10/09)

2009        May 9, PM Nouri al-Maliki said Iraq should launch an anti-corruption campaign that would match the fight it has waged against insurgents and militias, amid increasing complaints over criminality in the government.
    (AP, 5/9/09)

2009        May 11, In Iraq Brig. Gen. Abdul-Hussein al-Kadhoumi, a high ranking traffic police officer, was fatally shot in central Baghdad. Sgt. John M. Russell (44), who had served previously in Iraq, fatally shot five fellow soldiers at a US military counseling clinic at the Camp Liberty base near the Baghdad Int’l. Airport. Russell was charged with murder and aggravated assault. A 325-page report on Russell was released on Oct 16. It painted a picture of a soldier on his third deployment who began to show obvious signs of unraveling nearly two weeks before the shootings at the clinic. In 2013 Russell found guilty of premeditated murder.
    (AP, 5/11/09)(AP, 5/12/09)(AP, 10/20/09)(SFC, 5/14/13, p.A5)
2009        May 11, Australia’s armed forces chief announced that Australia will formally end its military mission in Iraq at the end of July, bringing the country's involvement in one war to a close even as it prepares to send more troops to Afghanistan.
    (AP, 5/11/09)

2009        May 12, In Iraq a suicide bomber rammed his car into a police truck in the northern city of Kirkuk, killing five policemen and a civilian.
    (AP, 5/12/09)

2009        May 13, In Iraq Ali Mohammed Kazim of the Public Integrity Commission, a senior anti-corruption official, was assassinated on his way to work. The US Army handed over its base at the 6,000-year-old archaeological site of Ur to the Iraqi military in a ceremony.
    (AP, 5/13/09)

2009        May 14, Iraq's Trade Minister Falah al-Sudani submitted his resignation following allegations of widespread corruption in his department. PM Nouri al-Maliki delayed accepting it to allow parliament to review the allegations. Acceptance was announced on May 25.
    (AP, 5/25/09)

2009        May 16, A joint US-Iraqi force targeted an al-Qaida cell involved in funneling arms and weapons into Iraq from Syria, arresting three people over the last 24 hours near Mosul. A mortar round crashed into a house in the eastern part of Baghdad, killing a 2-year-old child and wounding three others. Two policemen were killed west of Baghdad by a roadside bomb that went off near their patrol. In southern Iraq an American soldier was killed during combat.
    (AP, 5/16/09)

2009        May 17, In Iraq a gunman killed an off-duty prison officer in Mosul. Hours later a car bomb went off near the governor's residence in Mosul, killing a policeman and wounding three civilians.
    (AP, 5/17/09)

2009        May 20, An Iraqi government agency reported that nearly one in four Iraqis lives below the poverty line. A car bomb exploded near a group of restaurants in the Shiite Shula neighborhood of northwest Baghdad, leaving 41 people dead and more than 70 others injured.
    (AP, 5/21/09)(SFC, 5/21/09, p.A3)

2009        May 21, In Iraq a suicide bomber killed 8 US-backed Sunni paramilitaries as they waited in a line to receive salaries at an Iraqi military base in the northern city of Kirkuk. A bomb exploded inside a police station in western Baghdad, killing 2 policemen and wounding 19 others. 3 American soldiers were killed in a bombing in Baghdad that also killed 12 Iraqis.
    (AP, 5/21/09)(SFC, 5/22/09, p.A4)

2009        May 22, In Iraq the body of Jim Kitterman (60), an American civilian contractor, was found stabbed to death in a vehicle in the Green Zone. Another contractor was killed by a rocket attack near the American Embassy. An American soldier died in a noncombat incident in Baghdad province. In June Iraqi authorities detained 4 Americans and one Iraqi in connection with the death of Kitterman, in what could be the first case of Americans facing local justice under a joint security pact that took effect this year. 3 of the detained American were soon released due to insufficient evidence.
    (AP, 5/23/09)(AP, 6/7/09)(AP, 6/8/09)(AP, 6/11/09)

2009        May 25, In western Iraq a roadside bomb struck a US convoy in Fallujah, killing three Americans, including a State Department employee.
    (AP, 5/26/09)

2009        May 27, In Iraq a car bomb exploded near a medical compound in Abu Ghraib west of Baghdad, wounding at least 15 Iraqis. A roadside bomb killed a US soldier in Baghdad, making May the deadliest month for the American military since September.
    (AP, 5/27/09)

2009        May 28, In Iraq a roadside bomb struck a civilian car on a highway linking the towns of Khanaqin with Qara Tappah. The blast killed two boys ages 8 and 10 and their father.
    (AP, 5/29/09)
2009        May 28, Turkish warplanes attacked Kurdish rebels in northern Iraq, hours after a land mine blast on the Turkish side of the border killed six soldiers.
    (AP, 5/28/09)
2009        May 28, Swedish media reported that a 16-year-old Iraqi immigrant living in Sweden has cracked a maths puzzle that has stumped experts for more than 300 years. Mohamed Altoumaimi has found a formula to explain and simplify the so-called Bernoulli numbers, a sequence of calculations named after the 17th century Swiss mathematician Jacob Bernoulli.
    (AFP, 5/28/09)

2009        May 29, In Iraq a local leader of a government-backed Sunni paramilitary group was killed when a bomb hidden on a motorcycle exploded as he opened his butcher store on the outskirts of Baqouba. Another bomb exploded inside a bus station north of Baghdad in the Shiite enclave of Khalis, killing at least four people and wounding 10. In northern Iraq an American soldier was killed in a grenade attack in Ninevah province.
    (AP, 5/29/09)

2009        May 30, Iraq's former trade minister, Abdul-Falah al-Sudani, wanted on a corruption charge was arrested at the Baghdad airport after attempting to leave the country. The minister's brothers are accused of having skimmed millions of dollars in kickbacks on food imports. One of them is in custody after attempting to flee the country while the other is still at large. A man purporting to be Abu Omar al-Baghdadi, the head of the Islamic State of Iraq, issued a 40-minute tape that was posted on militant Web sites.
    (AP, 5/30/09)(AP, 6/1/09)

2009        May 31, An Iraqi sports broadcaster was killed by a bomb attached to his car in northern Iraq, while two other journalists were wounded in a similar blast in Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/1/09)

2009        Jun 1, Iraq's self-ruled Kurdish region officially started pumping crude oil to the international market. A bomb in a Baghdad market killed four people. A suicide bomber exploded his car at a police checkpoint in Jalula, killing a 7-year-old child and wounding eight other people. A grenade thrown at a US patrol in the northern city of Mosul missed the Americans but killed one Iraqi and wounded 15 others.
    (AP, 6/1/09)

2009        Jun 2, The Iraqi and US militaries tentatively agreed to keep a joint base on the edge of Baghdad's Shiite slum of Sadr City, maintaining an American presence in a strategic area even after the June 30 deadline for US combat troops to pull out of the capital. An American soldier died of wounds from a roadside bombing in Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/2/09)(AP, 6/3/09)

2009        Jun 4, In northern Iraq an American soldier was killed in a grenade attack in Tamim province. Another American soldier was killed in a grenade attack north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/4/09)(AP, 6/5/09)

2009        Jun 5, In Iraq an American soldier died as the result of a non-combat related incident.
    (AP, 6/5/09)

2009        Jun 6, A senior Iraqi police official escaped an assassination attempt by a suicide car bomber in the former insurgent stronghold of Anbar province. The US military said Insurgents are increasingly using teenagers to stage attacks against American and Iraqi security forces.
    (AP, 6/6/09)

2009        Jun 8, In Iraq a bomb tore through a minibus during morning rush hour in a mainly Shiite area in Baghdad, killing at least nine people and wounding 24.
    (AP, 6/8/09)

2009        Jun 10, In Iraq a rare car bomb ripped through a market in the town of Bathaa, in the southern Shiite heartland, as shoppers were buying meat and vegetables, killing at least 29 people and wounding dozens.
    (AP, 6/10/09)

2009        Jun 12, In Iraq a senior Sunni lawmaker was killed after delivering a sermon during at a mosque in a former insurgent stronghold in western Baghdad. Harith al-Obeidi (47) led the main Sunni bloc in parliament and was known as a fierce advocate of human rights and the rights of mainly Sunni detainees. The assailant was chased down the street by mosque guards and then detonated a grenade, killing himself and an undetermined number of pursuers. A bomb on a bicycle exploded in eastern Baghdad, killing two people and wounding nine others. An American soldier was killed by a roadside bomb.
    (AP, 6/12/09)(AP, 6/13/09)

2009        Jun 16, In Iraq a commuter bus traveling from Baghdad to a southern city caught fire near Kut, killing 14 passengers on board. An American soldier was killed by a roadside bomb southeast of Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/16/09)

2009        Jun 17, Iraqi forces acting on tips arrested Ahmed Abid Uwaid (45), a suspected al-Qaida in Iraq leader, who was believed to be a mastermind of the June 12 assassination Harith al-Obeidi, a prominent Sunni lawmaker in Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/17/09)(SFC, 6/18/09, p.A3)

2009        Jun 18, In Iraq a special committee set up by PM al-Maliki began an investigation into allegations of widespread abuse and torture in Iraq's prisons, which is threatening to become a major issue ahead of Jan. 30 national elections. Four bodies bearing signs of gunshot wounds were found in Baghdad’s Sadr city. Lawmakers loyal to Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr later claimed that men appearing to be Iraqi soldiers had stormed two houses in Sadr City and arrested four men, whose bodies were found the next day.
    (AP, 6/18/09)(http://en.aswataliraq.info/?p=114910)(AP, 6/23/09)

2009        Jun 19, The bodies of two men were handed over to the British embassy in the Iraqi capital with the Foreign Office saying the remains were "highly likely" to be those of Jason Swindlehurst (38) and Jason Creswell (39). They were among four guards protecting Peter Moore when around 40 heavily armed militants seized all five men at the finance ministry in central Baghdad on May 29, 2007.
    (AP, 6/22/09)

2009        Jun 20, Iraq’s PM Nouri al-Maliki called the withdrawal of US troops from cities by the end of this month a "great victory" and promised it would go ahead as scheduled. Hour later in northern in Taza, a mostly Turkomen city, a truck bomb exploded near a Shiite mosque following prayers, killing 82 people and wounding 163.
    (AP, 6/20/09)(AP, 6/21/09)(AP, 6/27/09)

2009        Jun 22, In Iraq bombings killed as many as 18 people in the Baghdad area as violence intensified ahead of a planned withdrawal next week of US troops from major cities and urban areas. Bombings and shooting killed over 30 people across Iraq. An explosion late in the day killed 78 people in Sadr City.
    (AP, 6/22/09)(SFC, 6/23/09, p.A3)

2009        Jun 24, In Iraq an explosion late in Sadr City killed 78 people and wounded 158. The bomb was built using about 200 kilograms (441 pounds) of high explosives packed with steel bearing and other metal objects. It was apparently loaded on a motorcycle pulling a cart.
    (AP, 6/25/09)(SFC, 6/26/09, p.A3)(AP, 6/27/09)

2009        Jun 25, A bombing at a bus station in a Shiite neighborhood in southwest Baghdad killed at least 7 people and wounded 31 others. Another three bombs and a mortar killed two more people around the capital. At least 3 other bombs exploded in the country as US forces prepared to withdraw from Iraqi cities by June 30.
    (AP, 6/25/09)(SFC, 6/26/09, p.A3)

2009        Jun 26, In Iraq a booby-trapped motorcycle loaded with nails and ball-bearings exploded in a crowded bazaar in Baghdad, killing 19 people. The attack struck just four days before the deadline for US combat troops to withdraw from cities. Senior cleric Ayatollah Ahmed Khatami called for harsh retribution for dissent. Opposition leader Mousavi lost his main link to the world after his official Web site Kalemeh, came up blank and stripped of any text or pictures.
    (AP, 6/26/09)(AP, 6/27/09)
2009        Jun 26, Iraqi authorities captured Ali Hussein Alwan Hamid al-Azzawi, a senior leader of a militant group linked to al-Qaida in Iraq who oversaw the Aug 19, 2003, bombing of the UN headquarters in Baghdad and other attacks. His capture was not announced until Jan 16, 2010, to ensure the capture of other suspects believed to be linked to him.
    (AP, 1/16/10)

2009        Jun 28, In Iraq a roadside bomb targeting a US convoy in eastern Baghdad wounded six bystanders. It was unclear if anyone in the convoy was injured. A car bomb also exploded in the parking lot of a police academy in western Baghdad, killing one police officer and wounding six others. Insurgents were apparently taking advantage of a major sandstorm that blanketed Baghdad and reduced visibility to just a few yards in some places.
    (AP, 6/28/09)

2009        Jun 29, In Iraq four US soldiers were killed in combat shortly before the American military completed a withdrawal from Iraq's cities. PM al-Maliki assured Iraqis that government forces taking control of urban areas on June 30 were more than capable of protecting the country.
    (AP, 6/30/09)

2009        Jun 30, Iraq's long-awaited licensing round to develop some of its massive oil reserves stumbled as oil and gas companies dug in their heals, demanding more money for their efforts than the government was willing to pay. Iraq celebrated National Sovereignty Day, a new public holiday, following the withdrawal of US forces from its cities. An explosion in Kirkuk killed at least 30 people.
    (AP, 6/30/09)(SFC, 7/1/09, p.A2)(AP, 7/2/09)
2009        Jun 30, The Dutch Supreme Court upheld the war crimes conviction of businessman Frans van Anraat for selling chemicals to Iraq, which were turned into poison gas and unleashed in 1988 by the regime of Saddam Hussein on Kurds and Iranians. The court shaved six months off Anraat’s 17-year sentence because his case took so long.
    (AP, 6/30/09)

2009        Jul 1, Iraq's government approved a BP-led consortium's offer to develop a giant southern oil field near Basra, moving forward with the only deal struck during a disappointing international oil auction. On Oct 16 the Iraqi government approved the deal by BP and its Chinese partner CNPC to develop the 17.8 billion barrel Rumaila field, the 2nd largest in the Middle East. A bombing in Kirkuk killed at least 30 people.
    (AP, 7/1/09)(AP, 7/2/09)(AP, 10/17/09)(Econ, 12/4/10, p.58)

2009        Jul 2, In Iraq bombings killed at least three people in the Baghdad area in the first significant violence since Iraqi forces assumed responsibility for securing cities after the withdrawal of US combat troops from urban areas earlier this week.
    (AP, 7/2/09)

2009        Jul 5, In Iraq an attack on the checkpoint in western Baghdad killed two Iraqi police officers and three soldiers.
    (AP, 7/6/09)

2009        Jul 6, In Iraq a car bomb targeted a police patrol in Mosul but missed, killing an 18-year-old man and injuring eight other bystanders.
    (AP, 7/6/09)

2009        Jul 8, In Iraq car bombs in two Shiite villages near Mosul killed 16 civilians and injured more than two dozen.
    (AP, 7/10/09)

2009        Jul 9, In Iraq 2 suicide bombings in Tal Afar, in Nineveh province, killed 38 people and wounded 66. Tal Afar is mainly home to minority Turkmen of the Shiite Muslim faith. In Baghdad, 8 people were killed and 30 wounded by two bombs in a market in Sadr City, a poor, Shiite Muslim area. 10 more people were killed by bombs elsewhere in Baghdad. US forces released five Iranian officials detained in January 2007 in northern Iraq on suspicion of aiding local Shiite militants. An Iranian television report identified the men as Mohsen Bagheri, Mahmoud Farhadi, Majid Ghaemi, Majid Dagheri and Abbas Jami. A car driver was killed in a head-on collision with a US Army Stryker vehicle, the lead vehicle of a US-Iraqi convoy in western Diyala province.
    (Reuters, 7/9/09)(AP, 7/9/09)(AP, 7/10/09)(AP, 7/11/09)

2009        Jul 10, In Iraq an American soldier in Iraq shot and killed a truck driver who did not respond to warnings to stop on a highway between Tikrit and Balad.
    (AP, 7/11/09)

2009        Jul 11, In Iraq a car bomb has exploded in Gugjeli a Shiite village in northern Iraq, killing at least four people. Another 6 people died in bombings in Baghdad.
    (AP, 7/11/09)(SSFC, 7/12/09, p.A2)

2009        Jul 12, In Iraq bombings in or near churches killed at least four people, including one that happened as worshippers were leaving Mass in eastern Baghdad.
    (AP, 7/13/09)
2009        Jul 12, Five Iranian officials held in Iraq for more than two years by US forces returned home after the US released them under pressure from the Iraqi government. They were handed over to Iraqi officials on July 9. The Iranians were detained in the northern Iraqi city of Irbil in January 2007. At the time, US authorities said the men included the operations chief and other members of Iran's elite Quds Force, which is accused of arming and training Iraqi militants.
    (AP, 7/12/09)

2009        Jul 13, Iraqi authorities imposed vehicle bans in two mostly Christian towns and increased security around churches in Baghdad after attacks targeting the Christian minority. An Iraqi soldier was killed when a bomb attached to his private vehicle exploded at noon in an area of northern Mosul.
    (AP, 7/13/09)

2009        Jul 14, In Iraq one person was killed and nine others were wounded when a bomb exploded near an Internet cafe late at night in south Baghdad. Two traffic policemen were killed in eastern Baghdad by 2 gunmen who refused to stop at a checkpoint near the fortified Green Zone.
    (AP, 7/15/09)

2009        Jul 15, In Iraq a suicide bomber killed six people, including an Iraqi policeman, in an attack on security forces in Ramadi, a former insurgent stronghold in western Anbar province. A bombing in Sadr City killed 5 people.
    (AP, 7/15/09)(SFC, 7/16/09, p.A2)

2009        Jul 16, In Iraq 18 people were injured in an explosion that targeted a minibus transporting Shiite pilgrims to a holy shrine in Najaf. 3 US soldiers were killed in a rocket attack on a base outside of Basra. On July 18 an Iranian-backed militiaman confessed to the rocket attack near the Basra airport.
    (AP, 7/16/09)(AP, 7/17/09)(AP, 7/18/09)

2009        Jul 17, In Iraq two bombs exploded around 3 a.m. in Karmah near the house of police Capt. Bahjat Khawam. The bombs were planted under the police officer's car and near a gate to his house. The officer's daughter (12) and a granddaughter (4) were killed in the attack. In Baghdad bombings killed 3 Iraqis and injured over 40 others. One bomb planted under a bridge killed a married couple who were among hundreds of thousands of Shiite pilgrims heading to a shrine to commemorate Imam Mousa al-Kazim.
    (AP, 7/17/09)(SFC, 7/18/09, p.A2)

2009        Jul 18, In Iraq a government spokesman said the Iraqi Cabinet had approved a measure to confiscate the assets of the family of toppled dictator Saddam Hussein and 52 former close aides who had used their powers to take over or misuse public properties or funds. A bomb killed three people, including the son of a tribal leader, near Fallujah.
    (AP, 7/18/09)

2009        Jul 21, In Iraq bombs killed 19 people and wounded 80 across the country. 6 bombs exploded in Baghdad killing 14 people and wounded at least 30 others. These included 2 bombs near a group of day laborers in Baghdad's Sadr City area.
    (AP, 7/21/09)(SFC, 7/22/09, p.A2)

2009        Jul 22, In Iraq gunmen in four cars opened fire on a convoy of buses carrying Iranian pilgrims through Iraq, killing five of them near the village of Kebasi. Some 35 others were wounded.
    (AP, 7/22/09)

2009        Jul 24, In northern Iraq Fakri Hadi Gari, the deputy commander of a radical Sunni Islamic group linked to al-Qaida, was arrested. Ansar al-Islam is believed by the military to be behind attacks on US and Iraqi troops in Mosul. Gari, also known as Abu Abbas and Mullah Halgurd, was arrested with nine other suspected members. An American soldier died of non-combat related injuries.
    (AP, 8/4/09)(AP, 7/24/09)

2009        Jul 25, Iraqis voted in elections in the self-ruled Kurdish north. Regional Kurdish President Massoud Barzani, who has been a consistent critic of the central government, won re-election with almost 70% of the vote, while the leading candidate from the opposition party, Kamal Mirawdeli, received 25%. A coalition of the two ruling parties, Barzani's Kurdistan Democratic Party and Iraqi President Jalal Talabani's Patriotic Union of Kurdistan, received a little over 57% of the vote for the 111-seat parliament, while the opposition Gorran, or Change, party took about 23%.
    (AP, 7/25/09)(AP, 7/29/09)

2009        Jul 26, In Iraq 5 people were killed in a daylight attack at a popular money exchange office, a reflection of the increasing crime in Iraq even as violence is on the decline. 5 more people were killed and 23 others wounded when a suicide bomber struck a Ramadi funeral for a police officer, who had been killed the day before in a roadside bomb attack.
    (AP, 7/26/09)(AP, 7/27/09)

2009        Jul 27, In Iraq 2 people were killed in bombings targeting police officers, considered the weakest link among the Iraqi security forces that have taken the lead from withdrawing American forces. The first bombing came in eastern Baghdad, when a roadside bomb targeted a police patrol but missed, killing one civilian. A short time later, a bomb attached to a car exploded in Fallujah, killing a police captain.
    (AP, 7/27/09)

2009        Jul 28, Iraqi forces raided Camp Ashraf, an Iranian opposition settlement north of Baghdad. The standoff continued into the next day and left 11 people dead. A gang made up of members of the presidential guard and led by the head of security for the 2nd biggest Shia party robbed a bank in central Baghdad killing 8 security guards. Initially police said the gunmen made off with 8 billion Iraqi dinars ($6.9 million). Five members of Iraq's security forces charged in the bank robbery went on trial on Aug 23. They had allegedly made off with $4.8 million. On Sep 2 four members of the security forces, convicted of the robbery, were sentenced to hang. 
    (AP, 7/29/09)(SFC, 7/29/09, p.A2)(Econ, 8/8/09, p.43)(AP, 8/23/09)(SFC, 9/3/09, p.A2)
2009        Jul 28, Britain said it will withdraw its remaining 100-odd troops in Iraq to Kuwait by the end of the month after the Iraqi parliament failed to pass a deal allowing them to stay to protect oil platforms and provide training.
    (AP, 7/28/09)

2009        Jul 30, In Iraq a bomb blast in a building used by a Sunni-backed political group in Iraq's Diyala province killed at least seven people. Government spokesman Ali al-Dabbagh confirmed that seven people were killed when Iraqi forces seized control of the Iranian Camp Ashraf on July 28. The government said it will change the name of the camp to New Iraqi Camp to remove the Iranian reference. The camp was originally named for one of the founders of the People's Mujahedeen, Ashraf Rajavi.
    (AP, 7/30/09)

2009        Jul 31, In Iraq bombs exploded near five Shiite mosques in Baghdad, killing at least 29 people, in an apparent coordinated attack that targeted worshippers leaving Friday prayers. Iraqi police announced they had recovered millions of dollars stolen on July 28 from a state-run bank in a robbery that left eight guards dead.
    (AP, 7/31/09)

2009        Aug 1, The war in Iraq became an American-only effort after Britain and Australia, the last of its international partners, pulled out. In Iraq a bomb hidden inside a toilet struck a Sunni mosque south of Baghdad, injuring two people, the latest in a wave of attacks against Islamic sites of worship. Al-Jazeera television broadcast an audio clip purportedly from Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri, a former top deputy of Saddam Hussein, calling on Sunni insurgents to unite under one political umbrella.
    (AP, 8/1/09)

2009        Aug 2, In Iraq Tariq Aziz, one of Saddam Hussein's best-known lieutenants, was convicted of helping to plan the forced displacement of Kurds from northeastern Iraq and sentenced to seven years in jail. The ruling came more than four months after Aziz was sentenced to 15 years in prison for crimes against humanity in the 1992 execution of Iraqi merchants. Rania Ibrahim, a teenage Iraqi girl, was sentenced to seven and a half years in prison for attempting to blow herself up at a checkpoint in Baqouba in August, 2008. She claimed her husband's female relatives strapped explosives on her. An explosives-laden car exploded near an outdoor market in a mainly Sunni area of Haditha, killing at least 5 people and wounding 34, raising concern that sectarian violence could resurge.
    (AP, 8/2/09)(SFC, 8/4/09, p.A2)(AP, 8/6/09)

2009        Aug 3, In Iraq Asaib Ahl al-Haq (League of the Righteous), a group believed to be responsible for killing US soldiers and kidnapping British soldiers, agreed to renounce violence following a weekend meeting with PM al-Maliki. A suicide car bomber detonated his explosives at a police checkpoint in Saqlawiya. 3 civilians were killed and 7 people were wounded including 3 police officers.
    (SFC, 8/4/09, p.A2)

2009        Aug 6, Iraq's cabinet approved a bill to ban smoking in public places. A roadside bomb struck a car full of Shiite pilgrims in southern Baghdad, killing one and wounding four others. Gunmen broke into a goldsmith shop in the western Baghdad district of Baiyaa, killing the owner and making off with an unknown quantity of gold.
    (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/8188265.stm)(AP, 8/6/09)(AP, 8/7/09)

2009        Aug 7, In Iraq a suicide car bomb devastated a Shiite mosque in northern Iraq, one of a series of attacks that killed 61 Shiite pilgrims and worshippers. The deadliest blast occurred in Rasheediyah, north of Mosul, when a suicide car bomb struck a mosque, killing at least 44 people and trapping dozens more underneath the rubble. In Baghdad 3 roadside bombs targeting Shiite pilgrims killed 7 people returning from Karbala.
    (AP, 8/7/09)

2009        Aug 9, Iraqi authorities arrested Daniel Fitzsimmons, a British contractor, on murder charges over the shooting deaths of a British and an Australian contractor in Baghdad's protected Green Zone. Two employees of ArmorGroup Iraq, identified as Paul McGuigan of Britain and Darren Hoare of Australia, were killed in the firearms incident. On Feb 28, 2011, An Iraqi court convicted Fitzsimmons and sentenced him to 20 years in prison, making him the first Westerner convicted in an Iraqi court since the 2003 US invasion.
    (AP, 8/9/09)(AP, 8/10/09)(AP, 2/28/11)

2009        Aug 10, In Iraq a double truck bombing tore through the village of a small Shiite ethnic minority near the northern city of Mosul killing at least 35 people in Khazna. 9 blasts wracked Baghdad in a wave of violence that killed 22 people. All told more than 250 were left wounded.
    (AP, 8/10/09)(SFC, 8/11/09, p.A4)

2009        Aug 13, In Iraq a gunfight erupted during an attempted bank heist in Baghdad, as a court official announced that five members of Iraq's presidential guard will go on trial later this month for their alleged roles in the deadly July 28 robbery of Baghdad’s Rafidain Bank. In the northwest city of Sinjar 2 suicide bombers blew themselves up at a popular cafe killing 21 people and wounding 30 others.
    (AP, 8/13/09)(SFC, 8/14/09, p.A2)

2009        Aug 14, In Iraq journalists took to the streets in Baghdad to protest what they say is political pressure to silence the media. The rally came as journalist Ahmed Abdul-Hussein was threatened with a lawsuit over editorials related to the July 28 Baghdad bank robbery that left eight security guards dead.
    (AP, 8/14/09)

2009        Aug 15, Three Iraqi men herding cattle were killed near Taji after wandering into the middle of a US-Iraqi mortar training exercise north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 8/16/09)

2009        Aug 17, Human Rights Watch said Iraqi militiamen are torturing and killing gay men with impunity in a systematic campaign that has spread from Baghdad to several other cities.
    (AP, 8/17/09)

2009        Aug 18, Iraqi forces seized a launcher loaded with 13 Iranian-made rockets after an attack the previous day against the US base outside the southern city of Basra.
    (AP, 8/18/09)

2009        Aug 19, In Iraq a truck bomb tore through the Foreign Ministry, knocking out concrete slabs and windows and leaving a mass of charred cars outside killing at least 65 people and wounding 250. A suicide truck bomber took aim at the Finance Ministry complex causing part of a nearby overpass to collapse killing least 28 people. A wave of explosions around Baghdad killed at least 8 more people as mortars struck inside the Green Zone. The total death toll from the string of blasts was later set at 106. One of the suspected masterminds said in a confession broadcast on Aug 23 that attackers paid $10,000 to get a bomb-laden truck past checkpoints and next to the Finance Ministry. A US soldier died of a non-combat related injury.
    (AP, 8/19/09)(AP, 8/20/09)(AP, 8/23/09)(AP, 9/8/09)(AFP, 1/19/12)

2009        Aug 20, The Iraqi government announced the detention of 11 army and police commanders, accusing them of negligence in the previous day’s bombings. The government also decided to keep concrete blast barriers around potential targets. A bicycle bomb exploded near a restaurant in Baghdad killing two people. There were three bombings in Babil province, a region once so notorious for violence it was called the Triangle of Death. A bomb attached to a minibus killed three and wounded eight in Hillah, while two bombs at a market in Musayyib wounded 45.
    (AP, 8/20/09)(AP, 8/21/09)(SFC, 8/21/09, p.A4)

2009        Aug 21, In Iraq a small truck passed through an Iraqi police checkpoint in southern Baghdad but was not searched minutes before exploding at the front gate of the market, killing two and wounding 20.
    (AP, 8/21/09)

2009        Aug 22, In Iraq an attack on a police checkpoint in the Azamiyah district of Baghdad left two officers dead.
    (AP, 8/23/09)

2009        Aug 23, The Iraqi military broadcast the confession of a Sunni man, Wisam Ali Khazim Ibrahim (57), identified as the mastermind of one of two Aug 19 suicide truck bombings targeting government buildings in Baghdad. In northern Iraq gunmen attacked a police checkpoint in Mosul, killing one police officer. An American soldier died of injuries sustained during an attack on a US patrol in the Iraqi capital.
    (AP, 8/23/09)

2009        Aug 24, Iraqi lawmakers said major Shiite groups have formed a new alliance that will exclude Iraqi PM al-Maliki, a step likely to stoke fears of increasing Iranian influence and shake up the political landscape before January parliamentary elections. The new bloc, called the Iraqi National Alliance, will include the largest Shiite party, the Supreme Iraqi Islamic Council, or SIIC, and anti-US cleric Muqtada al-Sadr's bloc, which both have close ties to Tehran, as well as some small Sunni and secular parties.
    (AP, 8/24/09)

2009        Aug 25, Iraq recalled its ambassador from Syria and demanded that Damascus hand over two suspected Saddam Hussein loyalists it has linked to the Aug 19 suicide attacks.
    (AP, 8/25/09)

2009        Aug 26, Abdul-Aziz al-Hakim (b.1950), the scion of a revered clerical family, died of lung cancer in Iran, the country that was long his key ally. He channeled rising Shiite Muslim power after the fall of Saddam Hussein to become one of Iraq's most influential politicians.
    (AP, 8/26/09)

2009        Aug 27, In Iraq car bombs targeted primarily Iraqi troops in the city and a northern Baghdad suburb, killing one and wounding 22 people. Iraqi forces tightened security around Shiite mosques, shrines and political party offices ahead of the funeral of Abdul-Aziz al-Hakim, a top Shiite leader, who died in Iran a day earlier.
    (AP, 8/27/09)

2009        Aug 28, In Iraq two American soldiers died following an attack on a patrol in eastern Baghdad.
    (AP, 8/28/09)

2009        Aug 29, In Iraq a suicide truck bomber attacked a small police station in the remote village of Hamad north of Baghdad, killing at least 12 people. a second attack occurred near Mosul in the city of Sinjar, where a parked truck bomb killed at least four people and wounded 23 others. A suicide bomber on a motorcycle killed 2 people in a market in eastern Baghdad.
    (AP, 8/29/09)(SSFC, 8/30/09, p.A7)

2009        Aug 31, Muhsin Mohammed Muhsin (11) was kidnapped around noon on his way home from a neighbor's funeral in Baghdad's eastern Shiite district of Sadr City. Kidnappers demanded $100,000, but the father of six said he only had $10,000. 3 days later police found the boy dumped in the garbage with his head and hands chopped off. His body showed burns and marks of torture.
    (AP, 9/22/09)

2009        Sep 1, Ammar al-Hakim (38), the son of the late leader of Iraq's largest Shiite political party, acknowledged setbacks and reached out to political rivals as he formally replaced his father at the helm of the Iranian-backed Supreme Islamic Iraqi Council. Two American soldiers were killed in a vehicle accident in northern Iraq.
    (AP, 9/1/09)(AP, 9/3/09)

2009        Sep 3, In Iraq a car bomb apparently targeting Osama al-Tikriti, the leader of Iraq's largest Sunni political party (the Iraqi Islamic Party), wounded four people in Baqouba. The politician escaped unharmed. Police arrested Adnan al-Obeidi, the deputy transport minister, after he was allegedly filmed taking a bribe in a sting operation. Police had filmed al-Obeidi accepting a $100,000 bribe from a company doing work at the Baghdad airport.
    (AP, 9/3/09)
2009        Sep 3, A water rights battle over the historic Tigris and Euphrates rivers simmered, as Iraq and Syria appealed for increased water flows to cope with severe drought but Turkey said it was already too overstretched.
    (AP, 9/3/09)
2009        Sep 3, In Iraq Ahmed Hashim Abed, suspected of masterminding the March 31, 2004, attack on Blackwater guards, was captured in a covert operation by US Navy SEALs. Abed later alleged that he was beaten by US Navy SEALs. In 2010 two of the 3 accused Navy SEALs were acquitted. Petty Officer 2nd Class Matthew McCabe, of Perrysburg, Ohio, the SEAL charged with assaulting Abed, was scheduled to be court-martialed May 3, 2010, in Virginia.
    (AP, 4/22/10)(http://tinyurl.com/yd5smcb)(AP, 4/23/10)

2009        Sep 5, In Iraq hundreds of Sunni Arabs opposed to the presence of Kurdish troops in disputed areas of northern Iraq demonstrated against a plan to deploy a mixed force of American, Kurdish and Iraqi soldiers in the area.
    (AP, 9/5/09)

2009        Sep 6, In Iraq a gunman broke into a house in Mosul, killing a 3-year-old girl and her grandmother before fleeing. Gunmen also attacked checkpoints in the city, killing three policemen. In southeast Baghdad, a car parked near a security checkpoint exploded, killing one person and wounding five civilians.
    (AP, 9/6/09)

2009        Sep 7, In western Iraq a suicide car bomber targeted a line of vehicles stopped at a checkpoint near Ramadi, killing eight people and wounding 16. In Baghdad a bomb killed a driver as he approached a military checkpoint in Sadr City district. Two children playing with a hand grenade they found in a stream were killed when it exploded in the northern city of Kirkuk. Abdul-Basit Turki, director general of the Finance Ministry’s auditing department, was charged with wasting public funds.
    (AP, 9/7/09)

2009        Sep 8, In Iraq a roadside bomb killed Lt. Col. Zaid Hussein Khalaf, the head of an anti-terrorism police unit, and four of his bodyguards in the northern town of Armili, home to a large Shiite population. A roadside bomb struck a police patrol near the town of Daqouq, killing two policemen and wounding 3 others. A Health Ministry official escaped an assassination attempt when a roadside bomb hit his convoy in the eastern part of Baghdad, but one ministry employee died in the blast. Roadside bombs killed 4 US soldiers in separate incidents.
    (AP, 9/8/09)

2009        Sep 8, In Iraq a roadside bomb killed Lt. Col. Zaid Hussein Khalaf, the head of an anti-terrorism police unit, and four of his bodyguards in the northern town of Armili, home to a large Shiite population. A roadside bomb struck a police patrol near the town of Daqouq, killing two policemen and wounding 3 others. A Health Ministry official escaped an assassination attempt when a roadside bomb hit his convoy in the eastern part of Baghdad, but one ministry employee died in the blast. Roadside bombs killed 4 US soldiers in separate incidents.
    (AP, 9/8/09)

2009        Sep 9, In Iraq a car bomb exploded outside a house in the flash point city of Kirkuk, killing eight people inside the building and wounding one. US-backed Iraqi soldiers raided a home in southeastern Baghdad before dawn, killing two men inside and arresting an Iraqi soldier from an intelligence unit. A roadside bomb struck an Iraqi patrol in the Abu Ghraib district, killing one soldier and injuring two others. An Iraqi army colonel was killed by a bomb attached to his car in the insurgent stronghold of Mosul.
    (AP, 9/9/09)

2009        Sep 10, In northern Iraq a suicide truck bomber hit the Kurdish village of Wardek before dawn, killing at least 25 people and injuring 50 others, in what appeared to be the latest in a string of attacks targeting Kurds and other ethnic and religious groups in the region. The government of the semiautonomous Kurdish region arrested the head of the provincial intelligence service, Brig. Abdul-Rahman Ali, on accusations he was directly involved in the planning of an Aug. 13 bombing near Mosul. 3 successive bombs exploded at a popular market in the city of Mahmoudiya, killing 4 people and wounding 30. Violence broke out at Abu Ghraib prison and two prisoners were killed.
    (AP, 9/10/09)(AP, 9/11/09)

2009        Sep 11, In Iraq prison inmates at Abu Ghraib rioted for a 2nd day to demand better conditions. The facility, now under Iraqi control, has been renamed the Baghdad Central Prison.
    (SFC, 9/12/09, p.A3)

2009        Sep 12, In Iraq 2 bombs exploded moments apart near the tomb of a revered Shiite religious figure in central Baghdad, killing three people and wounding 22. A bomb attached to a civilian car exploded in the northwest of Baghdad, killing the driver and wounding two passengers. 4 people were killed by a roadside bomb in Diyala province. In the northern city of Mosul, a roadside bomb went off near an Iraqi army patrol, prompting soldiers to open fire to scare off any attackers. A stray bullet from the shooting killed a traffic policeman.
    (AP, 9/12/09)

2009        Sep 13, In Iraq gunmen broke into the home of a Kurdish policeman in Kirkuk, killing his wife and three children execution-style with shots to the head as they slept. Two separate police patrols were hit with roadside bombs in southern Kirkuk, wounding six policemen. Four people were killed in an area about 60 miles (100km) south of Mosul in a tribal dispute. A civilian contractor was shot and killed on an American military base in Tikrit. A US soldier was detained in connection with the incident. US and Iraqi forces killed one fighter, captured another and seized a truck loaded with weapons in Mosul, an area of that remains an insurgent stronghold. Later Iraqi policemen searching for the gunman who escaped clashed with insurgents. Two policemen and two insurgents were killed.
    (AP, 9/13/09)(AP, 9/14/09)

2009        Sep 15, Three rockets were fired at Baghdad's heavily fortified Green Zone, where visiting Vice President Joe Biden was spending the night. A fourth rocket fell short and hit a residential building, killing two and injuring five others. US-Iraqi forces arrested three militants suspected of firing the rockets.
    (AP, 9/16/09)
2009        Sep 15, In Turkey security talks failed over Syria's refusal to extradite some suspects accused of deadly bombings in Baghdad. Senior Iraqi and Syrian diplomats attended the talks.
    (AP, 9/16/09)

2009        Sep 16, In Iraq the US military closed Camp Bucca, an isolated desert prison that was once its largest lockup in Iraq, as it moved to release thousands of detainees or transfer them to Iraqi custody before the end of the year. American Marines shot and wounded an Iraqi man in the former flashpoint city of Fallujah believing he was throwing a grenade at them. Local police and witnesses said the object was only the man's slipper. Al-Jumaili, a 30-year-old auto mechanic, said he ran after throwing his slipper, but was slowed after a bullet grazed his leg.
    (AP, 9/16/09)(AP, 9/17/09)

2009        Sep 18, In Iraq a car bomb exploded at a market in Mahmoudiya, a region that was once the scene of frequent attacks on Shiites, killing seven people and wounding 21 others.
    (AP, 9/18/09)

2009        Sep 20, In Iraq a roadside bomb exploded on a main road in Iskandariyah, 30 miles (50km) south of Baghdad, killing the driver of a car and injuring four passengers. A Black Hawk helicopter crashed at a Balad Air Base, killing one US service member and injuring 12 others.
    (AP, 9/20/09)

2009        Sep 21, A Danish court rejected the military's request to stop a book by a former special forces soldier from being published. Denmark's armed forces had asked the Bailiff's Court in Copenhagen to ban Thomas Rathsack's book, "Ranger: At War With the Elite," for national security reasons. It describes operations that he took part in as a member of an army ranger unit in Afghanistan and Iraq.
    (AP, 9/21/09)

2009        Sep 23, In Iraq a bomb in southwestern Baghdad killed a woman and her 2 children. Other bombings in Baghdad and the northern city of Mosul killed at least 7 Iraqi security personnel and a local politician. 5 al-Qaida-linked prisoners awaiting execution and 11 other inmates broke out of a prison, just before midnight, in Saddam Hussein's hometown of Tikrit, prompting a massive manhunt. More than 100 prison officials and guards were soon detained for questioning. 6 of the escaped convicts, including 3 of the al-Qaida linked inmates, were arrested by late Sep 25. Iraqi security teams recaptured two more of prisoners on Sep 26.
    (AP, 9/23/09)(AP, 9/24/09)(AP, 9/25/09)(AP, 9/26/09)

2009        Sep 25, In Iraq a controlled explosion of weapons confiscated by the Iraqi military went awry east of Mosul, killing 15 soldiers.
    (AP, 9/25/09)

2009        Sep 26, In northern Iraq a US military drone crashed, hitting a regional office of Iraq's largest Sunni political party in Mosul, an area that remains an insurgent stronghold.  At least six suspected insurgents were killed in a raid by Iraqi police about 50 miles (85km) northwest of Kirkuk. Gunmen killed an off-duty policeman during a drive-by shooting in central Mosul.
    (AP, 9/27/09)

2009        Sep 28, In Iraq a tanker truck packed with explosives ripped through a police outpost, killing at least 7 people in a suicide attack at a former insurgent stronghold outside Ramadi. In a separate attack, at least three Iraqi soldiers were killed in a double roadside bombing in the predominantly Sunni neighborhood of Ghazaliyah in western Baghdad. In southern Iraq, bomb attached to a bus exploded in mostly Shiite southern Iraq, killing at least six. In northern Iraq, a roadside bomb targeting a police patrol in Mosul killed two officers and wounded two. The US military freed another 35 members of a group linked to the abduction of five British citizens from Iraq's Finance Ministry in 2007. The prisoner release means nearly 100 members of Asaib Ahl al-Haq, or League of the Righteous, have left U.S. custody since late last week. In total, about 250 have been freed since July as talks intensify over the fate of Peter Moore, the sole British hostage believed to be still alive.
    (AP, 9/28/09)

2009        Oct 1, In Iraq an American soldier was killed in a mortar attack at Baghdad's Camp Liberty. The death raises to at least 4,348 members of the US military who have died in the Iraq war since it began in March 2003, according to an Associated Press count.
    (AP, 10/2/09)

2009        Oct 3, An Iraqi commander said security forces have detained more than 100 suspects in sweeps through Mosul to try to cripple the country's last major stronghold of Sunni insurgents.
    (AP, 10/3/09)

2009        Oct 4, In Iraq a fuel tanker exploded near a checkpoint outside of Baghdad International Airport, along a route once known as the world's deadliest road because of frequent attacks there during the height of the insurgency. The cause of the fire was under investigation. The body of Imad Elia (45), an employee at Kirkuk's health directorate, was found dumped in a field south of Kirkuk. He was shot in the chest and authorities believe the captors kept shooting into his body after he was dead. Elia was kidnapped two days before, but his family was unable to pay the ransom demands. At least 10 Christian families have left Kirkuk in recent weeks, fearing kidnap-for-ransom gangs that have turned their sights on Christians.
    (AP, 10/4/09)(AP, 10/5/09)

2009        Oct 5, In Iraq a suicide bomber killed at least six mourners at funeral for a member of a prominent tribe with ties to both security forces and insurgents in Haditha, Anbar province.
    (AP, 10/5/09)

2009        Oct 6, In Iraq a car bomb blew up in front of a restaurant near Fallujah and killed 9 people with dozens more wounded.
    (SFC, 10/7/09, p.A2)

2009        Oct 7, In Iraq a group of 36 Iranian opposition members were returned to Camp Ashraf, after nearly three months in Iraqi custody and despite an ongoing effort to expel them. A roadside bomb struck a police patrol in Jalula, Diyala province, killing three officers. PM Nouri al-Maliki told a group of business leaders gathered in Baghdad that Iraq's budget was strained by the number of police and soldiers needed to protect the country.
    (AP, 10/7/09)(AP, 10/8/09)

2009        Oct 9, In Iraq Jamal Humadi, a Sunni cleric who denounced insurgents in Iraq, was killed north of Baghdad when a bomb tore through his car, the second such attack against religious officials in as many weeks.
    (AP, 10/9/09)

2009        Oct 10, It was reported that local Iraqi authorities have outlawed alcohol in the province of Najaf, home to the holiest Shiite city, saying it contradicts the principles of Islam. The Najaf provincial council's decision followed a similar measure taken in August by authorities in Basra.
    (AP, 10/10/09)

2009        Oct 11, In Iraq a series of bombings killed at least 19 people and wounded 60 in Ramadi, Anbar province.
    (AP, 10/11/09)

2009        Oct 13, Iraqi lawmakers approved the return of a limited number of British troops to Iraq to help protect the country's southern oil ports, an area where Iraq is lagging in its ability to provide security. The Iraqi Human Rights Ministry released a report as part of a larger study on the country's human rights situation, saying 85,694 people were killed from 2004-08, and 147,195 were wounded during the same period that followed the US-led invasion. UNESCO said drought has forced more than 100,000 people in northern Iraq to abandon their homes since 2005, with 36,000 more on the verge of leaving.
    (AP, 10/13/09)(AP, 10/14/09)

2009        Oct 14, In Iraq PM al-Maliki suspended classes for one week and banned political activities at Mustansirija Univ., one of Baghdad's leading universities, following student protests on campus. Members of the “Students League," with alleged ties to the government, had recently pistol-whipped education Prof. Abdullah al-Bayati (63). Attacks took place in Baghdad and the holy Shiite city of Karbala, where three bombs exploded near simultaneously. At least 12 people were killed and more than 50 wounded.
    (AP, 10/14/09)(AP, 10/15/09)(SFC, 10/20/09, p.A3)

2009        Oct 15, Iraq’s PM Nouri al-Maliki warned Turkish PM Recep Tayyip Erdogan to stop conducting military operations across Iraq's northern border targeting Kurdish rebels and stressed that Iraq's sovereignty can not be violated. The two met in Baghdad and were to sign agreements boosting economic ties between their countries. A roadside bomb struck an Iraqi army patrol in Baghdad, killing one Iraqi soldier.
    (AP, 10/15/09)

2009        Oct 16, In northern Iraq a suicide bomber opened fire on worshippers during prayers at a mosque in Tal Afar and then blew himself up after running out of ammunition, killing at least 15 people. 65 were wounded in the attack. A government aide said Mohammed al-Dayni, a Sunni lawmaker accused of being an insurgent ringleader, has been detained in Malaysia.
    (AP, 10/16/09)(AP, 10/17/09)

2009        Oct 17, In Iraq a suicide bomber driving a dynamite-laden truck destroyed a key bridge on a highway used by the departing US military outside Ramadi. An attack on an Iraqi army convoy just outside of the city of Fallujah killed four Iraqi soldiers and wounded 14. Attackers threw hand grenades at an Iraqi army patrol near Kirkuk, killing two civilians and wounding two others. In Mosul 2 policemen and one civilian were killed in three unrelated incidents.
    (AP, 10/17/09)

2009        Oct 18, In Iraq a bomb attached to a motorcycle exploded near a popular cafe in a largely Sunni district of Baghdad killing five people. In the north an American soldier was killed in a vehicle accident.
    (AP, 10/19/09)

2009        Oct 19, An Iraqi Army patrol in western part of Mosul shot dead an armed man, who was firing at the patrol. An American solider was killed and two others were wounded when a roadside bomb detonated near their vehicle in Ninevah province.
    (AP, 10/20/09)

2009        Oct 20, In Iraq a car packed with explosives blew up at a gas station in Saqlawiyah, 45 miles (75km) west of Baghdad, killing 3 policemen and one civilian. In northern Baghdad, one civilian was killed and 4 were wounded when a bomb attached to a minibus exploded in Kazimiyah, a primarily Shiite suburb of the capital. Minutes later, a roadside bomb targeting a police patrol in western Baghdad wounded 3 civilians. In Hilla, just south of Baghdad, a roadside bomb targeting a police patrol killed one policeman and wounded two others. In Mosul a roadside bomb targeted an Iraqi army patrol, wounding two soldiers and one civilian.
    (AP, 10/20/09)

2009        Oct 21, In Iraq a blast in Kirkuk killed cameraman Orhan Hijran, who worked for Baghdad-based television station Al-Rasheed, and wounded correspondent Mohammed Shahid of Cairo-based Al-Baghdadiyah.
    (AP, 10/21/09)

2009        Oct 22, In Iraq a local police chief said 6 suspected al-Qaida members, including two who were formerly detained by US troops, were arrested near the western Iraqi city of Fallujah. They had been released in July for lack of evidence. A local criminal court in Diyala province issued an arrest warrant for parliamentarian Tayseer al-Mashhadani a Sunni member of parliament, and her husband, Hashim al-Hiyali, on suspicion of financing and inciting sectarian violence.
    (AP, 10/22/09)(AP, 10/24/09)

2009        Oct 24, In Iraq a suicide bomber wearing an explosive vest in Tikrit killed two people outside the offices of a Sunni political party called National Unity.
    (AP, 10/24/09)

2009        Oct 25, In Iraq 2 suicide car bombs exploded in downtown Baghdad, killing 155 people. The car bombs targeted the Justice Ministry and the Baghdad provincial administration. The explosions also injured some 500 people who were taken to six area hospitals. 11 army officers and 50 security officials were soon taken into custody over the bombings. Three jailed suspects in the bombings later said they filmed the targeted buildings before the attack and escorted the car bombs in a convoy into Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/25/09)(AP, 10/26/09)(AP, 10/30/09)(AP, 11/22/09)

2009        Oct 26, In Iraq a car bomb at a police checkpoint near Karbala killed at least 4 people.
    (AP, 10/26/09)

2009        Oct 28, Kurdish President Massoud Barzani said the Kurds would not accept a proposed "special status," referring to distinct voting rules specifically for Kirkuk in Iraq's January election, which Kurds say would favor other ethnicities.
    (AP, 10/30/09)

2009        Oct 30, Two American soldiers in Iraq died of noncombat related injuries in separate incidents.
    (AP, 10/30/09)

2009        Oct, Turkish ministers traveled to Baghdad and Damascus to sign a package of 48 co-operation deals with Iraq and 40 with Syria, covering everything from tourism to counter-terrorism and joint military exercises.
    (Econ, 10/31/09, p.57)

2009        Nov 1, In southern Iraq a bomb attached to a bicycle near Hillah killed five people and wounded 37. In the western city of Ramadi, two people — including a policeman — were killed when twin car bombs exploded minutes apart in the visitors' parking lot of the city's Traffic Police Directorate. 3 people were killed when a bomb that was detonated remotely exploded on a bus as the vehicle approached a police checkpoint in the southern city of Karbala.
    (AP, 11/1/09)

2009        Nov 2, In Iraq an American soldier died of noncombat related injuries.
    (AP, 11/3/09)

2009        Nov 4, In Iraq 2 American soldiers died, one in combat and one of noncombat-related injuries.
    (AP, 11/5/09)

2009        Nov 5, A consortium grouping US and European oil giants Exxon Mobil Corp. and Royal Dutch Shell PLC signed a $50 billion deal to develop one of Iraq's most prized oil fields, as the OPEC nation looks to revamp its battered energy sector. The deal to develop the 8.6 billion West Qurna Stage 1 field is the third such agreement in less than a week between a foreign oil consortium and Iraq, which sorely needs foreign company expertise and funding to revive an oil sector hammered by years of neglect, sanctions and, most recently sabotage.
    (AP, 11/5/09)

2009        Nov 8, In Iraq 2 American pilots were killed in a helicopter crash while a Marine died of noncombat related injuries in a separate incident.
    (AP, 11/9/09)

2009        Nov 15, In gunmen wearing Iraqi army uniforms abducted and killed 13 men and boys in the village of al-Saadan, a village west of Baghdad, in what some described as revenge against Sunnis who helped fight al-Qaida. Many of the victims were beheaded, while others were shot and mutilated.
    (SFC, 11/17/09, p.A8)

2009        Nov 16, In Kirkuk a parked car bomb exploded in a market, killing two civilians and wounding 10 others. An American soldier died of injuries sustained in a vehicle accident during a patrol. California Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger dropped in on US troops in Iraq, thanking them for the sacrifices they and their families are making.
    (AP, 11/16/09)(AP, 11/17/09)(SFC, 11/17/09, p.A8)
2009        Nov 16, US federal prosecutors said the Kuwait logistics firm, Public Warehousing co., had inflated prices and defrauded the US government under its multi-billion dollar contract to feed American troops. The contract was set to expire in December 2010.
    (SFC, 11/17/09, p.D2)

2009        Nov 22, An American soldier was killed in action in Iraq.
    (AP, 11/23/09)

2009        Nov 23, Iraqi lawmakers voted to change the system for distributing parliamentary seats. But lawmakers from the Sunni minority walked out before the vote, saying they will lose seats under the change.
    (AP, 11/23/09)

2009        Nov 25, In Iraq a double bombing killed 4 people and injured 25 civilians in Karbala ahead of the 4-day Islamic holiday of Eid al-Adha. 6 others were killed in an overnight raid by insurgents on a home north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/25/09)(SFC, 11/26/09, p.A2)

2009        Nov 27, In Iraq a US soldier died of noncombat-related injuries.
    (AP, 11/27/09)

2009        Nov 29, In Iraq an American soldier died of injuries unrelated to combat.
    (AP, 11/29/09)

2009        Dec 2, In northeast Iraq an American airstrike killed one gunman after a joint US-Iraqi foot patrol was attacked in what a police official described as a case of mistaken identity. A police official said the gunmen opened fire on the soldiers in Sadiyah, believing they were insurgents.
    (AP, 12/2/09)

2009        Dec 3, In Iraq Ahmed Subhi al-Fahal, a top counterterrorism officer, was killed in a suicide bombing in Tikrit. The bombing also killed two of his bodyguards and two bystanders. Within hours dozens of Web sites affiliated with al-Qaida in Iraq celebrated the death of their longtime nemesis.
    (AP, 12/4/09)

2009        Dec 6, In Iraq gunmen killed four policemen at a checkpoint west of Baghdad in an early morning attack.
    (AP, 12/6/09)

2009        Dec 7, In Iraq an explosion outside an elementary school in Sadr City, a Shiite district of Baghdad, killed at least 8 people including 6 children. Gunmen stormed a checkpoint near Tarmiyah, north of Baghdad, killing five members of an anti-al-Qaida group. A roadside bomb killed one soldier and wounded two others in southeastern Baghdad, and in the west of the capital, a bomb attached to a vehicle killed one civilian.
    (AP, 12/7/09)

2009        Dec 8, In Iraq a series of coordinated attacks struck Baghdad, including two suicide car bombers and another vehicle that blew up near government sites. At least 127 were killed and over 500 hundred wounded in the worst wave of violence in the capital in more than a month.
    (AP, 12/8/09)(AP, 12/9/09)

2009        Dec 9, In Iraq a bomb attached to a minibus exploded in northern Baghdad, killing two and injuring 11. A bomb hidden in a garbage heap killed two street sweepers and injured three passers-by in northern Baghdad. An hour later in the same neighborhood a gunman killed a police officer at a checkpoint.
    (AP, 12/9/09)

2009        Dec 10, Iraq’s PM Nuri al-Maliki accused rivals of stoking political rows that have put security at risk, as US Defense Secretary Robert Gates arrived on a surprise visit. One US soldier died of injuries unrelated to combat.
    (AFP, 12/10/09)

2009        Dec 11, In Iraq at least six people were killed after a two-pronged bomb attack south of Baghdad that was apparently designed to ambush bystanders. A US soldier in northern Iraq died of injuries unrelated to combat.
    (AP, 12/11/09)(AP, 12/12/09)
2009        Dec 11, Iraq struck deals with consortiums led by Anglo-Dutch and Chinese giants Shell and CNPC over massive southern oil fields, as part of a two-day auction that seeks to dramatically boost the country's crude output.
    (AP, 12/11/09)

2009        Dec 12, Iraq sold Russian firm Lukoil rights to the West Qurna-2 oil field, one of the world's biggest untapped oil fields, on the 2nd day of an auction. Lukoil will work with junior partner StatoilHydro of Norway.
    (AP, 12/12/09)

2009        Dec 13, Iraq's top security chiefs said that the US military had warned them in advance about an imminent attack but the tip came too late to act on before last week's deadly Baghdad bombings against government sites. The also said that 13 al-Qaida-linked suspects have been detained in connection with the Dec 8 bombings.
    (AP, 12/13/09)

2009        Dec 15, In Iraq car bombs and other explosions ripped through Baghdad and Mosul, killing nine people and highlighting once again the apparent ease with which insurgents can slip past security. 3 car bombs in Baghdad killed 5 people. 2 car bombs in Mosul killed 4 people.
    (AP, 12/15/09)
2009        Dec 15, Disarmed Iranian rebels and their families defied Iraqi police instructions to leave a camp near the border which the government has ordered closed.
    (AP, 12/15/09)

2009        Dec 16, Iraq’s PM Nuri al-Maliki said the Iraqi cabinet has approved a plan to offer rewards of up to 85,000 dollars for tip-offs about car bombs. A bomb attached to a car killed an Awakening Council member and injured two others in Madain, about 14 miles south of Baghdad. A bomb hidden inside a sack left in a minibus killed two passengers and wounded 6 others mid-afternoon in Baghdad's northern Kazimiyah neighborhood.
    (AFP, 12/16/09)(AP, 12/16/09)

2009        Dec 17, In Iraq a car bomb exploded outside a popular restaurant in central Baghdad, killing 3 people and wounding 16 as diners were out enjoying the start to their weekend.
    (AP, 12/17/09)
2009        Dec 17, Iranian forces took control of Well 4, a southern Iraqi oil well on a disputed section of the border in Maysan province. Well 4 lies in the Fauqa Field, part of a cluster of fields Iraq unsuccessfully put up for auction to oil majors in June. The field has estimated reserves of 1.55 million barrels. There have been a number of meetings in recent years aimed at reaching agreement on border fields, so far without success.
    (AFP, 12/18/09)(AP, 12/19/09)

2009        Dec 19, An Iraqi official said a mass grave discovered in northeast Iraq contains dozens of bodies, mostly of women and children, believed killed during a crackdown against Kurds by former dictator Saddam Hussein. The grave was originally found nearly two years ago west of Kirkuk, though its discovery was only made public this week after forensic pathologists began examining it.
    (AP, 12/19/09)
2009        Dec 19, Iraqi troops massed near an oil well on the border in a standoff with Iranian forces that seized control of the site in a sudden flare up of tension between the two uneasy neighbors.
    (AP, 12/19/09)

2009        Dec 20, Iraqi oil workers returned to the disputed oil well No. 4 in southern Iraq that was seized by Iranian forces Dec 17. Baghdad also confirmed that Iranian troops left the well.
    (AP, 12/20/09)
2009        Dec 20, Iraq's PM Nouri al-Maliki opened a landmark visit to Egypt in what aides described as an ambitious attempt to improve relations with one of the Arab world's most powerful players.
    (AP, 12/20/09)

2009        Dec 21, In northern Iraq a suicide bomber attacked the convoy of a Tel Afar city council chief, killing Hussein Akrash and three guards.
    (AP, 12/21/09)

2009        Dec 23, In northern Iraq a bomb targeting the Mar Toma Church (Church of St. Thomas) killed 2 men and damaged the historic building in Mosul, a day before Christmas Eve services that will be heavily guarded for fear of more attacks on the country's Christian minority. Gunmen stormed a checkpoint in Abu Ghraib, west of Baghdad, killing four Iraqi police officers. A bomb planted on a minibus killed two people and injured five in a Shiite neighborhood in north Baghdad. In East Baghdad a bomb struck Shiite pilgrims marching toward Karbala killing 3 people. Saud al-Essawi, a Sunni Arab candidate for Iraqi parliamentary elections, and his two bodyguards were killed when a magnetic "sticky bomb" attached to his car exploded in Fallujah. Another bomb in Fallujah targeted an Anbar University professor but missed and killed the man's brother.
    (AP, 12/23/09)(AFP, 12/23/09)(SFC, 12/24/09, p.A3)

2009        Dec 24, In Iraq explosions killed at least 26 people across the country, most of them Shiite pilgrims taking part in a holy mourning ceremony. Twin explosions targeting Shiite Muslim pilgrims in Hillah killed at least 13 people and injured 74 others. In Baghdad a bomb targeting a funeral killed nine and wounded 33 in Sadr City. In a southern Baghdad neighborhood, a bomb killed four Shiite pilgrims and wounded 10 others on their way to Karbala.
    (AP, 12/24/09)

2009        Dec 25, In Iraq a roadside bomb killed 6 Shiite Muslim pilgrims in a procession marking the ten-day Shiite festival of Ashoura, which ends Dec 27.
    (AP, 12/25/09)(SFC, 12/26/09, p.A5)

2009        Dec 26, In Iraq a roadside bomb killed three Shiite pilgrims in eastern Baghdad, the latest round of violence to strike worshippers during a revered mourning observance. Another pilgrim was killed in southern Baghdad late in the day when a bomb struck a procession.
    (AP, 12/26/09)(AP, 12/27/09)

2009        Dec 27, In northeast Iraq a bomb killed five Shiite pilgrims in a procession in the town of Tuz Khormato. Blasts in Baghdad killed 2 more pilgrims as millions of people marched to commemorate Ashoura, the most important Shiite religious observance. The 10-day religious ceremonies culminated today with huge processions.
    (AP, 12/27/09)(SFC, 12/28/09, p.A4)

2009        Dec 28, An Iraqi government official said around 40 Iranians held in an Iraqi prison in Nasiriyah are on a hunger strike to demand meetings with Iranian officials about their cases. The prisoners were convicted of illegally crossing the border to commit terrorist acts and were sentenced to between five and seven years behind bars.
    (AP, 12/28/09)

2009        Dec 29, In central Iraq gunmen killed five Sunni security guards, including one by beheading, in a gruesome pre-dawn slaying at a Tal Massoud village checkpoint. The victims were part of the Sunni tribe of Khazraj. They are the latest example of attacks on Sahwa, the Arabic word for Awakening. An Iraqi army intelligence officer was killed in the eastern Baghdad neighborhood of al Baladiyat. Drive-by shooters targeted Iraqi Army 1st Lt. Wadi Direa Atiyah as he was driving his car.
    (AP, 12/29/09)

2009        Dec 30, In Iraq staggered explosions killed at least 26 people in Ramadi, 13 of them policemen, and wounded Anbar provincial governor Kassim Mohammad Fahdlawi as well as some 100 others. Peter Moore, a British hostage held for over two years by militants, was released safely in Baghdad. In the town of Khalis, about 50 miles (80km) northeast of Baghdad, a bomb killed 7 pilgrims taking part in a procession to commemorate the death of a Shiite revered saint.
    (AP, 12/30/09)(Reuters, 12/30/09)(SFC, 12/31/09, p.A3)
2009        Dec 30, An Iraqi official said the Angolan national oil company Sonangol has signed preliminary deals to develop two small oil fields in northern Iraq.
    (AP, 12/30/09)

2009        Dec 31, US District Judge Ricardo Urbina dismissed the case against the Blackwater guards accused of the shooting in a crowded Baghdad intersection on Sep 16, 2007.
    (AP, 1/1/10)

2010        Jan 1, In Iraq a US soldier died of injuries unrelated to combat.
    (AP, 1/2/10)

2010        Jan 4, In Iraq 3 policemen were killed and eight people were wounded by two explosions in the northern oil-rich city of Kirkuk.
    (AFP, 1/4/10)

2010        Jan 6, Five Iraqis were killed and eight injured after their minibus collided with a US military vehicle that was traveling in the wrong lane 80 km south of Baghdad. In northern Iraq a US army soldier died of injuries unrelated to combat.
    (AP, 1/6/10)(AP, 1/7/10)

2010        Jan 7, In Iraq a series of 5 blasts killed at least 8 people in western Anbar province. In Diyala province a bomb exploded near a police station, killing one policeman and injuring ten other people near the Iranian border.
    (AP, 1/7/10)(SFC, 1/8/10, p.A4)

2010        Jan 11, In Iraq a bomb attached to a pickup truck in an Iraqi Shiite lawmaker's convoy wounded five people, including three of his bodyguards, when it exploded in Baghdad.
    (AP, 1/11/10)

2010        Jan 12, Iraqi security forces locked down large swathes of Baghdad, seized hundreds of pounds of explosives and arrested 25 men suspected of plotting terror attacks possibly timed to coincide with the run-up to parliamentary elections in March.
    (AP, 1/12/10)

2010        Jan 13, Iraqi police arrested Khalid al-Khonfisi, a man wanted for his alleged involvement with al-Qaida in Iraq. He was captured in a police raid of his hideout near Jurf al-Sakhar, about 43 miles south of Baghdad. A water truck loaded with explosives was detonated in a suicide attack in Saqlawiya, Anbar province, killing 7 people.
    (AP, 1/14/10)(SFC, 1/14/10, p.A2)

2010        Jan 14, Iraq's electoral commission barred 500 candidates from running in March's parliamentary election, including a prominent Sunni lawmaker, in a decision that is sure to deepen Iraq's sectarian divides. A Baghdad court sentenced 11 Iraqis to death by hanging after convicting them of carrying out the first of a series of audacious attacks on Aug 19, 2009, targeting government buildings in the heart of the city.
    (AP, 1/14/10)

2010        Jan 16, In Iraq gunmen in a speeding car opened fire on a police checkpoint in the western neighborhood of Baiyaa, killing two policemen.
    (AP, 1/16/10)

2010        Jan 17, In Iraq Saddam Hussein's notorious cousin "Chemical Ali" was convicted and sentenced to death by hanging for ordering the gassing of Kurds in 1988, killing more than 5,000 in an air raid thought to be the worst single attack of its kind on civilians.
    (AP, 1/17/10)

2010        Jan 18, In Iraq gunmen broke into the office of an Iraqi humanitarian organization in Baghdad and killed five employees.
    (AP, 1/18/10)

2010        Jan 19, The head of an Iraqi national reconciliation committee said he hopes to place all the estimated 96,000 members of the Sons of Iraq movement in government jobs by the middle of the year. The government said it has found jobs for nearly 50,000 Sunni fighters who played a key role in US efforts to fight insurgents.
    (AP, 1/19/10)

2010        Jan 20, In Iraq an audacious robbery attempt in Baghdad left 3 dead and 6 wounded. The suspects escaped. A roadside bomb struck a patrol in Kirkuk killing a police lieutenant. A US soldier died of injuries from a vehicle accident that was not related to combat.
    (AP, 1/20/10)(AP, 1/21/10)

2010        Jan 22, In northern Iraq Saad Uwayid Obeid Mijbil al-Shammari, also known as Abu Khalaf, a key al-Qaida in Iraq leader was killed during a joint Iraqi-US raid in Mosul. Intelligence officials said he was responsible for bringing hundreds of suicide bombers across the border from Syria.
    (AP, 1/28/10)

2010        Jan 23, The US Marine Corps wrapped up nearly seven years in Iraq, handing over duties to the Army and signaling the beginning of an accelerated withdrawal of American troops as the US turns its focus away from the waning Iraqi war to a growing one in Afghanistan. Iraqi-American contractor Issa T. Salomi (60) went missing in Baghdad. Shiite militants executed the kidnapping after luring him into central Baghdad with promises of visiting distant relatives. In a video that later surfaced, his abductors from the League of the Righteous, demanded the release of militants and the prosecution of Blackwater security contractors accused of killing 17 Iraqis in 2007 in Baghdad. Salomi was freed on March 25 in exchange for 4 militants.
    (AP, 1/23/10)(AP, 2/6/10)(SFC, 8/13/10, p.A3)

2010        Jan 25, In Iraq suicide bombers struck near three hotels popular with Western journalists and businessmen just as Iraq announced the execution of Saddam Hussein's notorious cousin known as "Chemical Ali." At least 41 people were killed and more than 104 injured. The explosions came hours after an Iraqi security official defended the ADE651, made by the British company ATSC, a bomb-detecting device that Britain banned for export to Iraq because of questions about whether it works, saying it would be a "big mistake" to withdraw it from checkpoints.
    (AP, 1/25/10)(Econ, 1/30/10, p.57)

2010        Jan 26, In Iraq a suicide car bomber struck a police crime lab in central Baghdad, killing at least 22 people and injuring dozens a day after suicide attacks hit several hotels favored by Western journalists. Baghdad officials put the death toll at 17.
    (AP, 1/26/10)(SFC, 1/27/10, p.A2)

2010        Jan 28, In southern Iraq an American soldier died of injuries unrelated to combat.
    (AP, 1/29/10)

2010        Jan 30, In Iraq a suicide bomber detonated an explosives belt at a restaurant popular with security forces in Samarra, a city that was once a flash point for sectarian slaughter, killing at least two people.
    (AP, 1/30/10)

2010        Feb 1, In Iraq a female suicide bomber mingling among Shiite pilgrims in northern Baghdad detonated an explosives belt, killing at least 54 people on the outskirts of the Shiite neighborhood of Shaab.
    (AP, 2/1/10)

2010        Feb 3, An Iraqi appeals court struck down a ban imposed on hundreds of candidates for suspected ties to Saddam Hussein's regime, allowing them to run in next month's election. A bomb planted on a parked motorcycle ripped through a crowd of Shiite pilgrims, killing at least 20 people and wounding more than 100, as hundreds of thousands of pilgrims made their way to an important annual Shiite religious observance. Hours earlier, two separate roadside bombs targeting Shiite pilgrims exploded in Baghdad, killing one and wounding seven others. A senior security official said agents arrested 13 suspects believed involved in making explosive belts for suicide attacks.
    (AP, 2/3/10)

2010        Feb 5, In Iraq twin car bombs tore through a crowd of Shiite pilgrims packing a highway as they walked to Karbala south of Baghdad for a major religious observance, killing at least 40 people and wounding 154 others. A roadside bomb struck a bus carrying pilgrims through Baghdad, killing one and wounding 13.
    (AP, 2/5/10)

2010        Feb 6, Iraqi leaders pushed the country's highest court to issue a quick ruling on hundreds of candidates who have been banned from running in March elections, warning that parliament will settle the controversy if the judges don't.
    (AP, 2/6/10)

2010        Feb 10, In Iraq an American soldier died of injuries unrelated to combat.
    (AP, 2/11/10)

2010        Feb 11, The Iraqi interior minister said he had expelled 250 ex-employees of the American security firm Blackwater, whose guards were charged with killing unarmed civilians in Baghdad.
    (AP, 2/11/10)

2010        Feb 12, In Iraq a joint raid by American and Iraqi security forces on suspected weapons smugglers in the village of Ali al-Sharqi near the Iranian border left at least five people dead.  The troops were searching for weapons allegedly smuggled across the border by suspected Iranian-backed Kateb Hezbollah fighters.
    (AP, 2/12/10)(AP, 2/13/10)

2010        Feb 13, In Iraq about 10 rockets struck Camp Sparrowhawk near Amarah early in the morning, injuring two Iraqi soldiers and damaging equipment.
    (AP, 2/13/10)

2010        Feb 14, Iraqi officials said only one in five candidates accused of being loyalists to Saddam Hussein's regime successfully fought an order banning them from running in the national elections. Armed assailants in Mosul killed Rayan Salem Elias, a Chaldean, outside his home.
    (AP, 2/14/10)(AFP, 2/20/10)

2010        Feb 15, In Iraq greengrocer Fatukhi Munir was gunned down inside his Mosul shop in a drive-by shooting.
    (AFP, 2/20/10)

2010        Feb 16, In Iraq Zia Toma (21), an engineering student, was killed in Mosul, the third in as many days, as community leaders warned of rising violence against the minority ahead of Iraq's March 7 general election. The gunman also wounded pharmacy student Ramsin Shmael (22), both Assyrian Christians.
    (AFP, 2/16/10)(AFP, 2/20/10)

2010        Feb 17, In Iraq the bullet-riddled body of Assyrian Christian student Wissam George (20) was recovered in Mosul after he went missing the same morning.
    (AP, 2/20/10)
2010        Feb 17, Defense Secretary Robert Gates announced that the Obama administration has decided to give the war in Iraq a new name, "Operation New Dawn," effective Sept 1, to reflect the reduced role US troops will play in securing the country this year as troop levels fall.
    (http://tinyurl.com/3dhn288)

2010        Feb 18, In Iraq a suicide car bomb exploded outside the gate of the main government compound in Ramadi, the capital of Anbar province, killing at least 13 people, including 4 police. At least 26 people were wounded.
    (AP, 2/18/10)

2010        Feb 19, Iraq rejected calls to abolish or suspend capital punishment made during a review by the UN's top human rights body. Iraq has also dismissed suggestions that it should reduce the number of crimes for which the death penalty can be imposed.
    (AP, 2/19/10)

2010        Feb 20, Iraq's main Sunni party said it is dropping out of next month's national elections, seizing on U.S. concerns about Iran's influence in the political process as proof that the vote will not be legitimate. Iraqi police said they found Adnan al-Dahan (57), a Syrian Orthodox shopkeeper, shot to death in Mosul, the fifth Christian killing in a week thought to be related to March elections.
    (AP, 2/20/10)(AFP, 2/20/10)
2010        Feb 20 - 2010, Feb 23, In Iraq 8,080 computers, worth $1.8 million from US taxpayers, arrived at the port of Umm Qasr destined for school children in Babil, but failed to reached their destination. In August Iraqis auctioned 4,200 of the computers for $45,700. Whereabouts of the rest were unknown. In Sep arrest warrants were issued for 10 customs officials at Umm Qasr and investigations continued.
    (SSFC, 9/26/10, p.A4)

2010        Feb 21, Kathryn Bigelow's Iraq war movie "The Hurt Locker" swept the board at the BAFTA awards in London, winning the best film and director awards and leaving ex-husband James Cameron almost empty-handed.
    (AFP, 2/22/10)

2010        Feb 22, In Iraq assailants killed 8 members of a Shiite family in a village outside Baghdad, shooting some and beheading others, just one of a series of pre-election shooting and car bombing attacks that swept the country, killing at least 23 people.
    (AP, 2/22/10)(SFC, 2/23/10, p.A3)

2010        Feb 23, In Iraq an American soldier died in a vehicle related accident in Baghdad.
    (AP, 2/24/10)

2010        Feb 25, In Iraq Saleh al-Mutlaq, a top Sunni lawmaker who just last week pulled his party out of the upcoming election, announced that his National Dialogue Front would contest the crucial March 7 vote.
    (AP, 2/25/10)

2010        Feb 26, Iraq reinstated 20,000 former army officers dismissed after the 2003 US-led invasion for serving under the former dictator, a landmark gesture at reconciliation ahead of the March 7 elections.
    (AP, 2/27/10)

2010        Mar 3, In Iraq a string of three deadly suicide bombings killed 30 people in the former insurgent stronghold of Baqouba, including a blast from a suicide bomber who rode in an ambulance with the wounded before blowing himself up at a hospital.
    (AP, 3/3/10)

2010        Mar 4, In Iraq a string of blasts ripped through Baghdad targeting early voters and killing 17 people, raising tensions in an already nervous city as early ballots are cast for the March 14 parliamentary elections.
    (AP, 3/4/10)

2010        Mar 6, In Iraq a car bomb exploded near a bus for pilgrims in the Shiite city of Najaf, killing at least three people, including two Iranians, on the eve of key national elections.
    (AP, 3/6/10)

2010        Mar 7, Iraq held its 2nd election since the 2003 ouster of Saddam Hussein. 62% of Iraqis voted. Insurgents bombed a polling station and lobbed grenades at voters, killing at least 37 people in 136 attacks aimed at intimidating those taking part in an election that will determine whether the country can overcome the sectarian divisions that have plagued it since the 2003 US-led invasion. PM Nuri al-Maliki, the Shiite who helped ease Iraq's sectarian strife, soon emerged as a front-runner in a parliamentary election. Former PM Ayad Allawi edged out chief rival PM Nouri al-Maliki by two seats, 91-89.
    (AP, 3/7/10)(AFP, 3/8/10)(SFC, 3/9/10, p.A3)(SFC, 3/11/10, p.A2)(AP, 3/27/10)

2010        Mar 8, In Iraq 2 American soldiers died in a vehicle accident.
    (AP, 3/9/10)

2010        Mar 10, Iraqi PM Nouri al-Maliki underwent surgery. He was released from the hospital the next day in good health. US troops opened fire on a car in western Baghdad, killing Iraqi journalist Aseel al-Obeidi and her husband.
    (AP, 3/11/10)(AP, 3/11/10)

2010        Mar 11, Preliminary election results released by Iraq's electoral commission showed PM Nouri al-Maliki leading in Babil province by nearly 14,000 votes and in Najaf by 7,000, two Shiite provinces in southern Iraq. Manaf Abdul al-Rawi, alleged Baghdad leader of Al-Qaida in Iraq, was arrested. He soon gave investigators information that eventually led to the April 18 strike that killed Abu Omar al-Baghdadi and Abu Ayyub al-Masri.
    (AP, 3/11/10)(SFC, 4/23/10, p.A2)(AP, 5/1/10)

2010        Mar 14, In Iraq early results released by the electoral commission showed the prime minister's political coalition ahead in oil-rich Basra province, strengthening his lead in the country's parliamentary elections.
    (AP, 3/14/10)

2010        Mar 15, In Iraq the US military turned over the Taji prison holding some 2,900 detainees to Iraqi authorities. A suicide car bomber killed 8 people and wounded 28 others when his vehicle exploded in a busy street during the morning rush hour in Fallujah. In northern Iraq an American soldier died in a vehicle accident.
    (AP, 3/15/10)(AFP, 3/15/10)(AP, 3/16/10)

2010        Mar 19, In Iraq a roadside bomb and a gun attack killed four people and wounded seven others in Baghdad.
    (AP, 3/19/10)

2010        Mar 20, In Iraq the latest partial results showed PM al-Maliki's secular Shiite challenger, former PM Ayad Allawi, pulling ahead again by a slim margin over the prime minister's coalition in the overall tally. Al-Maliki called on the election commission overseeing the counting to quickly respond to requests from political blocs for a recount.
    (AP, 3/21/10)

2010        Mar 22, In Iraq 4 people were killed, including two policemen, in shootings in Baghdad.
    (AFP, 3/22/10)

2010        Mar 24, In Iraq gunmen riding in two cars shot dead five Iraqi soldiers at a checkpoint in the suburbs of Baghdad. Iraqi forces arrested 17 suspects in the area.
    (AP, 3/24/10)

2010        Mar 26, Iraq’s election commission announced that former PM Ayad Allawi edged out chief rival PM Nouri al-Maliki by two seats, 91-89, in the March 7 vote for a 325-member parliament.
    (AP, 3/27/10)

2010        Mar 27, Iran used an ancient new year celebration to reach out to Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Iraq, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, and Turkey at a summit meeting that projected Iranian leadership in the strategic region straddling the Middle East and Central Asia.
    (AP, 3/27/10)

2010        Mar 28, In Iraq several bombs exploded near a house linked to a prominent Sunni figure who ran in this month's parliamentary elections, killing five people and wounding 26 others.
    (AP, 3/28/10)

2010        Mar 29, In Iraq the names of candidates elected for the 325-member parliament were published in newspapers. Several prominent politicians, long considered untouchable in the political arena, failed to make it into parliament following the country's March 7 elections. A pair of car bombs in the holy city of Karbala killed at least four people and wounded 22, with the second blast detonating near the provincial governor's home.
    (AP, 3/29/10)

2010        Mar 31, In Iraq gunmen fatally shot Mohammed Chillab, a health ministry official, at his home in Baghdad in the latest slaying apparently targeting government employees. A mobile phone shop owner was gunned down and killed as he was closing his store for the night.
    (AP, 4/1/10)

2010        Mar, Iraq ranked 162nd in the world in income per head. It was also reported to be the 4th most corrupt country in the world and 153rd in the world for ease of doing business. 25% of Iraqis had access to adequate and the same percent received needed electricity, 22% of the people were malnourished. Unemployment in rural areas was said to approach 80%. Over the last 7 years the US has spent $800 billion on Iraq. [That would be about $2600 per every US man, woman and child.]
    (Econ, 3/6/10, p.32,34)

2010        Apr 2, In Iraq Ammar al-Hakim, who heads the Supreme Islamic Iraqi Council, offered support for Ayad Allawi, a secular candidate for prime minister in Iraq, a major blow to the incumbent Nouri al-Maliki. Gunmen trying to pass themselves off as US and Iraqi soldiers raided a Sunni village outside Baghdad and killed at least 24 people in an execution-style attack.
    (AP, 4/2/10)(http://tinyurl.com/yb6qm8d)

2010        Apr 3, Gunmen in Iraqi military uniforms raided a village outside Baghdad and killed at least 24 people in an execution-style attack, apparently targeting a Sunni group that revolted against al-Qaida and helped turn the tide of the Iraq war.
    (AP, 4/3/10)

2010        Apr 4, In Iraq suicide attackers detonated three car bombs near embassies in Baghdad, killing over 40 people and wounding more than 200 in back-to-back attacks. Security forces shot and killed a man wearing a suicide belt before he could detonate a fourth bomb-rigged car near the former Germany Embassy, which is now a bank. An earlier blast, believed to be caused by a bomb underneath a parked car killed one civilian and injured nine others.
    (AP, 4/4/10)(AFP, 4/7/10)(AP, 4/9/10)

2010        Apr 5, In Iraq a Shiite couple and four of their children were gunned down in their home outside Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/6/10)

2010        Apr 6, In Iraq at least five bombs ripped through apartment buildings across Baghdad and another struck a market, killing some 50 people and wounding more than 160. Officials blamed al-Qaida in Iraq insurgents for the violence.
    (AP, 4/6/10)(AFP, 4/7/10)(AP, 4/9/10)

2010        Apr 7, In Iraq spokesman Salah al-Obeidi announced that a survey of supporters of anti-American cleric Muqtada al-Sadr voted 24% for him to support Shiite politician Ibrahim al-Jaafari, who was interim prime minister from 2005 to 2006. Iraq's incumbent PM Nouri al-Maliki and his chief rival Ayad Allawi received only 10% and 9% of votes respectively. In northern Iraq 2 American soldiers died in combat while conducting a patrol.
    (AP, 4/7/10)(AP, 4/8/10)

2010        Apr 10, In Iraq five people including a child were killed in a pair of attacks near the northern city of Mosul. A second roadside bomb targeting an Iraqi army patrol south of Mosul went off around noon, killing a soldier and a child.
    (AP, 4/10/10)

2010        Apr 11, Iraqi PM Nouri al-Maliki's political party said its investigation into the March 7 parliamentary election has thrown into question some 750,000 votes, enough to change the results of the nationwide poll.
    (AP, 4/11/10)

2010        Apr 12, In Iraq a suicide bomber blew up a car in Mosul killing a policeman and a civilian, as two soldiers were killed near Baghdad.
    (AFP, 4/12/10)

2010        Apr 13, In Iraq a bomb planted inside a Baghdad liquor store killed three people and wounded seven.
    (AP, 4/13/10)

2010        Apr 14, In Iraq gunmen killed Sheik Ghazi Jabouri (48), a Sunni cleric, outside a Baghdad mosque where he had just finished leading morning prayers in the latest wave of attacks in the Iraqi capital that left five people dead. Iraqi police arrested members of a militant network allegedly behind the April 4 suicide car bombings against three embassies in Baghdad, which killed 46 people. The arrests were based on evidence given by a failed bomber caught on the day of the attacks. On May 4 videotaped confessions were shown of a man identified as the failed suicide bomber, Haitham Ahmed Khalaf, and the network's alleged ringleader, Mubarak Mohammed Abbas.
    (AP, 4/14/10)(AP, 5/4/10)

2010        Apr 17, In northern Iraq an American soldier was killed and 3 others were wounded in a helicopter crash near Tikrit.
    (AP, 4/18/10)

2010        Apr 18, In Iraq Abu Omar al-Baghdadi and Abu Ayyub al-Masri, leaders of al-Qaida in Iraq, were killed in a nighttime raid on their safehouse near Tikrit. 4 dead men were identified as al-Masri, his assistant, al-Baghdadi and al-Baghdadi's son. An American soldier died of non-combat related injuries.
    (AP, 4/19/10)(AP, 4/20/10)

2010        Apr 19, An Iraqi panel investigating election complaints ordered a recount of more than 2.5 million votes cast in Baghdad during the March 7 election, agreeing to a demand by PM Nouri al-Maliki that could swing the outcome in his favor.
    (AP, 4/19/10)

2010        Apr 20, Iraqi and US troops killed Ahmed al-Obeidi (Ahmad Ali Abbas Dahir al-Ubayd), a regional leader of al-Qaida in Iraq, in an early morning raid in the northern province of Ninevah. Five family members of a local chief of an anti-Qaeda militia were gunned down in their homes in Tarmiyah, north of Baghdad, with the children also beheaded. A police colonel and his driver were killed by a roadside bomb in the western city of Hit, while 7 other policemen and 4 civilians were injured in bombings in Ramadi and Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/20/10)(AFP, 4/20/10)(SFC, 4/23/10, p.A2)

2010        Apr 21, In Iraq US diplomats visited a Baghdad prison that PM al-Maliki has ordered closed. The prison on the grounds of the Old Muthanna military airfield had been undisclosed and held hundreds of detainees from northern Iraq.
    (SFC, 4/22/10, p.A5)

2010        Apr 22, In Iraq an American soldier died of injuries that were not a result of combat.
    (AP, 4/23/10)

2010        Apr 23, In Iraq a series of bomb attacks mainly targeting Shiite worshippers killed 72 people, including 25 near the main Baghdad office of an anti-US Shiite cleric. An Iraqi soldier was killed as he stormed a house west of Baghdad where insurgents had stockpiled explosives.
    (AP, 4/23/10)(AFP, 4/23/10)(AP, 4/24/10)

2010        Apr 25, In Iraq troops raided the town of al-Safra and arrested Burhan Mahmoud Mohammed, a local leader of the Islamic State of Iraq. An explosion inside an iron factory in Irbil killed five workers, including two Indians, two Arabs, a Kurd, and wounded 15.
    (AP, 4/25/10)
2010        Apr 25, Kifah Hassan, chief executive of Iraqi Airways, had his passport seized and the plane he arrived on was impounded at Gatwick Airport in a long-running legal dispute with Kuwait Airways. The dispute dated back to Saddam Hussein's invasion of Kuwait in 1990, when, according to the oil-rich emirate, 10 of its planes and aircraft parts were plundered after its airport was seized.
    (AFP, 4/30/10)

2010        Apr 26, An Iraqi court disqualified 52 candidates from the country's parliamentary elections, including two who won seats, and threw out their votes in a decision that could potentially change the outcome of the March 7 vote.
    (AP, 4/26/10)

2010        Apr 27, Two Iraqi soldiers were killed in an overnight mortar attack on a security station in a Shiite neighborhood in northern Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/27/10)

2010        Apr 28, In Iraq former PM Ayad Allawi, the front-runner in the recent parliamentary elections, called for the formation of an impartial, internationally supervised caretaker government to prevent the country from sliding into violence and counter what he says are efforts to change the vote results. The US military said an American soldier has been killed by a roadside blast in the Diyala province in northern Iraq.
    (AP, 4/28/10)

2010        Apr 29, Iraq's election commission said recounting all the ballots from the key Baghdad province will take around 2 to 3 weeks, further delaying the formation of a long awaited new government. 8 people were killed and 20 injured in car bomb outside a Baghdad liquor store. Iraq's banned Baath party, booted out of power in the 2003 US-led invasion, held its first public meeting in the Syrian capital.
    (AP, 4/29/10)(AFP, 4/30/10)

2010        May 1, In Iraq gunmen robbed a jewelry store in northern Baghdad and killed its owner. As they were making their escape, a car bomb exploded nearby, killing three policemen who were responding to the robbery.
    (AP, 5/1/10)

2010        May 2, In Iraq 2 bombs exploded minutes apart near buses carrying Christian students in the northern city of Mosul, killing at least one bystander and injuring around 100 others.
    (AP, 5/2/10)

2010        May 3, In Iraq two American soldiers died from injuries sustained in separate incidents unrelated to combat. Sardasht Othman (23), a Kurdish journalist, was kidnapped in front of the campus of University of Salahuddin in the regional capital of Irbil. His handcuffed and bullet-riddled body was found four days later outside the Kurdish region in Mosul.
    (AP, 5/4/10)

2010        May 4, Iraq's two main Shiite blocs seeking to govern the country signed an agreement that gives the final decision on all their political disputes to top Shiite clerics. The provision would likely further alienate Iraq's Sunni minority, which already feels excluded by Shiite dominance and had been hoping that March's election would boost their say in power. Sardasht Osman (22) was kidnapped in the regional capital Arbil. He had written articles critical of the rule of Kurdish regional president Massud Barzani. His corpse was found a day later in Mosul with a single bullet to the head. On Sep 15 an investigative committee formed by Barzani said that Osman was killed because of his ties to an extremist group.
    (AP, 5/5/10)(AFP, 9/16/10)

2010        May 7, In Iraq gunmen late at night attacked a car in downtown Kirkuk carrying two members of the Peshmerga, the military force of the nearby Kurdish autonomous region, killing one and injuring the other.
    (AP, 5/8/10)
2010        May 7, The Turkish air force struck Kurdish rebel hideouts in neighboring northern Iraq after an attack inside Turkey left two soldiers dead.
    (AFP, 5/8/10)

2010        May 8, In northern Iraq bombs planted inside the home of a policeman exploded, killing him, his mother and one other resident. The bombing was one of several attacks around Iraq's north that killed a total of nine people since the previous evening. The kidnapped teenage son of a wealthy Sufi sheik was found dead. Mohammed Tahir Said (16) was kidnapped on April 27 and a $250,000 ransom was demanded. Hundreds of students and other activists rallied to protest the kidnap and murder of Sardasht Othman, a Kurdish journalist in northern Iraq, with many blaming the regional government for his death. 
    (AP, 5/8/10)(AP, 5/9/10)

2010        May 10, In Iraq a suicide bomber blew himself up outside a Hillah textile factory in a crowd that gathered after two car bombings at the same spot. At least 50 people were killed and 140 wounded. Attacks killed 119 people across the country, the deadliest day this year. After Hillah, Basra was the hardest hit, with the morgue reporting a total of 30 people dying in three bombings.
    (AP, 5/10/10)(AP, 5/11/10)

2010        May 12, In Iraq more than a thousand Kurds poured into the streets of the northern Iraqi city of Sulaimaniyah in a growing wave of outrage, blaming authorities for the kidnapping and murder of a young Kurdish journalist. A late night car bomb tore through a cafe in Baghdad's Sadr City neighborhood killing nine people. It appeared to have detonated prematurely, also blowing up three suspected militants in the vehicle.
    (AP, 5/12/10)(AP, 5/13/10)

2010        May 12, In Iraq more than a thousand Kurds poured into the streets of the northern Iraqi city of Sulaimaniyah in a growing wave of outrage, blaming authorities for the kidnapping and murder of a young Kurdish journalist. A late night car bomb tore through a cafe in Baghdad's Sadr City neighborhood killing nine people. It appeared to have detonated prematurely, also blowing up three suspected militants in the vehicle. The dead included young people who had gathered to drink tea and play dominoes. A roadside bomb exploded near a police patrol in Baghdad's central al-Nahda square, killing a bystander and wounding 8 others, including five policemen. An Iraqi army lieutenant was shot dead by a sniper in the afternoon while manning a checkpoint in New Baghdad.
    (AP, 5/12/10)(AP, 5/13/10)(SFC, 5/13/10, p.A2)(AP, 5/14/10)

2010        May 14, Iraq’s election commission said a full recount of votes for Baghdad province from the parliamentary elections showed no fraud or major irregularities and is unlikely to change the vote's final results. Al-Qaida in Iraq's new leader warned Shiites that "dark days soaked with blood" lie ahead and that a new campaign of attacks was under way. The Iraqi insurgent umbrella group, the Islamic State of Iraq, named al-Nasser Lideen Allah Abu Suleiman as its new minister of war, replacing the Egyptian Abu Ayyub al-Masri, killed in a US-Iraqi military strike on a safe house in April. Within hours of the warning, a car bomb exploded outside a Shiite mosque south of Baghdad just after Friday prayers, wounding 20 worshippers.
    (AP, 5/14/10)

2010        May 17, An Iraqi official said security forces have detained Abdullah Azam Saleh al-Qahtani, an al-Qaida militant suspected of planning an attack targeting the World Cup in South Africa next month. Al-Qahtani entered Iraq in 2004 and was suspected in several attacks in the capital and elsewhere in the country. Assailants disguised in Iraqi military uniforms beheaded a Sunni cleric and stuck his head on an electricity pole in Sadiyah, where he had preached against al-Qaida.
    (AP, 5/17/10)

2010        May 18, In Iraq Abdullah Azam Saleh al-Qahtani, an alleged al-Qaida militant, said he had talked to friends about attacking Danish and Dutch teams at the World Cup in South Africa next month to avenge insults against the Prophet Muhammad.
    (AP, 5/19/10)

2010        May 20, In Iraq a US Division-North soldier died of injuries sustained in a non-combat related incident. The circumstances surrounding that incident were under investigation.
    (AP, 5/22/10)
2010        May 20, Twenty Turkish warplanes bombed Kurdish rebels in northwestern Iraq.
    (SFC, 5/21/10, p.A2)

2010        May 21, In Iraq a car bombing at an open-air market in Khalis, a Shiite town northeast of Baghdad, left 30 people dead. A US Division-North soldier was killed near Mosul in an incident that was put under investigation.
    (AP, 5/22/10)

2010        May 23, The Iraqi cabinet said in a statement that a court has sentenced to death a man accused of the kidnapping and killing of five Russian embassy civil servants.
    (Reuters, 5/23/10)

2010        May 24, In Iraq gunmen in Mosul killed newly elected lawmaker Bashar Mohammed Hamid Ahmed, part of a Sunni-backed list that narrowly won the March elections.
    (SFC, 5/25/10, p.A2)

2010        May 25, In Iraq some 17 masked gunmen shot up a gold jewelry market in Baghdad, killing 15 people before they fled with a large quantity of gold in their arms.
    (AP, 5/25/10)(SFC, 5/26/10, p.A2)

2010        May 26, Iraq's government dissolved state-owned Iraqi Airways over a decades-old financial dispute dating back to Saddam Hussein's invasion of his oil-rich neighbor Kuwait. A lawyer for Kuwait Airways called the Iraqi government's strategy a "cynical tactic" and said it will not end the dispute because Kuwait will still hold the government accountable for the debt.
    (AP, 5/26/10)

2010        May 28, In Iraq robbers stole $5.5 million from a bank near the Iraqi city of Najaf after a policeman drugged fellow bank guards by slipping sleeping medication into their tea.
    (AP, 5/28/10)

2010        May 31, In Iraq 4 people were killed and several others wounded in separate attacks. Among the dead was Nael al-Azami, a prominent local leader of anti-insurgent Sunni forces known as Awakening Councils, who was shot by two gunmen armed with silenced pistols. A series of other early morning blasts across Baghdad wounded 11 more people.
    (AP, 5/31/10)

2010        May, In Iraq some 337 people were killed this month including 275 civilians, as compared to 328 in April.
    (Econ, 6/19/10, p.48)

2010        Jun 1, Iraq's Supreme Court took the first major step toward resolving the nation's election crisis, ratifying the results and declaring a secular alliance the biggest winner in the March 7 parliamentary vote. The election results gave 91 seats to the Iraqiya political alliance led by Ayad Allawi, a former prime minister and secular Shiite. The alliance is heavily backed by Iraq's once-dominant Sunni Arab minority. The US military withdrew from the last 9 checkpoints of the Green Zone.
    (AP, 6/1/10)(SFC, 6/2/10, p.A3)

2010        Jun 2, In Iraq a US soldier died in Baghdad in a noncombat related accident.
    (AP, 6/3/10)

2010        Jun 4, Kurdish rebels based in northern Iraq announced they had ended their unilateral ceasefire with Turkey a day after Iraqi Kurdish leader Massoud Barzani met Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu and pledged "all efforts" to stop rising rebel violence.
    (AP, 6/4/10)

2010        Jun 5, A senior Kurdish official in northern Iraq said Iranian troops have crossed the Iraqi border in pursuit of Iranian Kurdish rebels. Jabar Yawar, a deputy minister in the Kurdish autonomous region in northern Iraq, said that 35 Iranian soldiers remain in the Iraqi village of Perdunaz after crossing the border on June 3.
    (AP, 6/5/10)

2010        Jun 6, In Iraq a car bomb exploded outside a Baghdad police station in the deadliest of a pair of attacks that killed six people in the capital.
    (AP, 6/6/10)

2010        Jun 7, In Iraq attackers targeted police and anti-insurgent fighters in a campaign of intimidation that left at least 13 people dead, including three killed when a car bomb loaded with ball bearings exploded in a Baghdad shopping area.
    (AP, 6/7/10)(SFC, 6/8/10, p.A2)

2010        Jun 8, In Iraq 5 people were killed, including a policeman and a soldier, in bomb attacks and shootings in and around Baghdad.
    (AFP, 6/8/10)

2010        Jun 9, In Iraq a suicide bomber riding on a motorcycle killed two bystanders while targeting an American military convoy in Muqdadiyah. Masked gunmen killed three jewelers before fleeing with a large amount of gold in a sophisticated attack Basra, underscoring fears that street crime is soaring as sectarian fighting wanes.
    (AP, 6/9/10)(AP, 6/10/10)

2010        Jun 11, A car bomb struck a joint US-Iraqi military convoy north of Baghdad, killing at least five people, including two American troops. 3 people were killed when a bomb hidden in a pile of trash exploded at a market in southern Baghdad. That explosion, in the capital's Dora neighborhood, wounded 10 people.
    (AP, 6/11/10)

2010        Jun 12, In Iraq American-backed Iraqi security forces killed 2 suspected insurgents and arrested 7 other south of Baghdad. Iraqi officials said the killed were civilians.
    (SSFC, 6/13/10, p.A5)

2010        Jun 13, In Iraq gunmen trying to rob the central bank in Baghdad battled security forces for hours after bombs ripped through a nearby area, leaving as many as 26 dead, including 3 suicide bombers. Police blamed al Qaeda in Iraq.
    (AP, 6/13/10)(SFC, 6/14/10, p.A4)

2010        Jun 14, Iraq's new parliament convened for just under 20 minutes in what was little more than a symbolic inaugural session because of unresolved differences over key government positions.
    (AP, 6/14/10)

2010        Jun 15, In Iraq Saleh Mahdi Saleh, head of Sadiyah's municipal council, was taken into custody and charged with terrorism and police found 11 pounds (5kg) of TNT and three remote controlled devices. Police acted on the confession of Saleh's son who was arrested two days ago on terrorism charges and said his family kept explosives in their home. A roadside bomb in the northern town of al-Hajaj, about 80 miles (130 km) north of Baghdad, exploded as a car was driving by, killing the driver and wounding a passenger. One American soldier died in Baghdad of injuries sustained in a noncombat related accident.
    (AP, 6/15/10)

2010        Jun 16, In Iraq 2 separate blasts in eastern Baghdad killed one person and wounded eight people.
    (AP, 6/16/10)
2010        Jun 16, Human Rights Watch called on Kurdish authorities in northern Iraq to ban the practice of female genital mutilation, and said in a new report that the majority of women in the self-ruled region undergo the medically risky and emotionally painful procedure.
    (AP, 6/16/10)

2010        Jun 17, In Iraq an anti-al-Qaida fighter and four family members were killed as they slept in their garden to escape the heat in a former insurgent stronghold west of Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/17/10)

2010        Jun 18, In Iraq at least 5 people were killed and more than 40 wounded in a car bombing in Tuz Khormato, a mainly Shiite Turkomen town, 210 km north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/18/10)

2010        Jun 19, In Iraq a protest over electricity shortages in the southern port city of Basra turned deadly with troops fatally shooting one demonstrator. A series of bombings and a rocket attack struck Baghdad late in the day, killing five people.
    (AP, 6/19/10)(AP, 6/20/10)

2010        Jun 20, In Iraq two suicide car bombers struck a crowded area outside a state-run bank in Baghdad, killing 27 people. Police and morgue officials said the decomposed bodies of six women and a man were found buried in the backyard of a deserted house in the religiously mixed Zayouna neighborhood in eastern Baghdad. The seven victims apparently were killed two to three months ago. In Tikrit at least 5 people were killed by a suicide bomber as police and onlookers responded to a roadside bomb, apparently set as a trap.
    (AP, 6/20/10)(SFC, 6/21/10, p.A2)
2010        Jun 20, Turkish forces pushed into northern Iraq, killing 4 people, including a girl (15), as they hit back against hideouts of Kurdish rebels who killed 12 soldiers over the last 2 days.
    (AFP, 6/20/10)

2010        Jun 21, In Iraq riot police used water hoses to disperse an angry crowd protesting lengthy power outages in Nasiriyah, where soaring temperatures have pushed tensions to a boiling point. Many impoverished Iraqis in the south have been left without air conditioning or fans despite high humidity and summer temperatures that frequently rise above 110 degrees.
    (AP, 6/21/10)

2010        Jun 22, In Iraq bombs killed at least nine Iraqis, including two leaders of government-backed Sunni militias that have fought al-Qaida in Iraq.
    (AP, 6/22/10)

2010        Jun 23, In Iraq 7 police officers were killed in suicide bombings and a checkpoint shooting in Mosul.
    (SFC, 6/25/10, p.A2)

2010        Jun 24, In Iraq 2 police officers were killed by a roadside bomb in Baghdad.
    (SFC, 6/25/10, p.A2)

2010        Jun 26, In western Iraq gunmen raided a jewelry shop in Fallujah, killing four people before fleeing with a large amount of gold. One policeman was killed and five others wounded when a roadside bomb detonated near a patrol in the northern city of Mosul.
    (AP, 6/26/10)

2010        Jun 28, In Iraq attacks in Baghdad killed two women civilians and an intelligence officer, while two policemen died trying to defuse a bomb.
    (AFP, 6/28/10)

2010        Jun 29, In Iraq a series of bombings claimed 13 lives, including four policemen, a Baghdad provincial council official, an Iraqi army general and a 9-year-old girl.
    (AP, 6/29/10)

2010        Jul 1, In Iraq 2 soldiers and 2 members of a government-backed Sunni militia fighting Al-Qaida were killed in a day of attacks.
    (WSJ, 7/2/10, p.A2)

2010        Jul 3, It was reported that checkpoints in Iraq, set up for fighting insurgents, have turned into shady customs stations where police demand a $9 bribe if a lorry driver’s papers are in order and multiples of that if not.
    (Econ, 7/3/10, p.46)

2010        Jul 5, It was reported that three decades of wars, massacres and sectarian killings in Iraq have left as many as a million widows. More than 100,000 lost their husbands in the US-led invasion and violent aftermath. The struggling postwar government was of little help.
    (AP, 7/5/10)

2010        Jul 6, In Iraq Army Specialist Bradley Manning, an American soldier suspected of leaking a military video of an attack on unarmed men, was charged with multiple counts of mishandling and leaking classified data and putting national security at risk [see July 12, 2007]. 9 Shiite Muslims taking part in the pilgrimage in Baghdad were killed and dozens were wounded in mortar attacks and roadside bomb explosions.
    (AP, 7/6/10)(AP, 7/7/10)

2010        Jul 7, In Iraq militants targeted the homes of security forces west of Baghdad, blowing them up and killing three family members despite heightened security around the capital for a Shiite religious occasion. In a separate attack in the predominantly Sunni neighborhood of Dora in southern Baghdad, police Maj. Abdul-Rahman Sobhi was killed when a bomb attached to his car detonated as he drove to work. Nearly 60 people were killed in attacks in and around Baghdad, including 35 by a suicide bomber who targeted pilgrims heading to a mosque in northern Baghdad. Two people were killed near Ramadi, when insurgents blew up the houses of three policemen.
    (AP, 7/7/10)(AP, 7/8/10)

2010        Jul 8, In Iraq three separate roadside bombings in eastern and northern Baghdad left 14 people dead and at least 63 wounded. The attacks targeted the hundreds of thousands of pilgrims who defied violence to take part in the final day of a Shiite religious holiday.
    (AP, 7/8/10)(AP, 7/9/10)

2010        Jul 9, In Iraq a suicide bomber drove an explosives-laden car into an Iraqi army check point in western Baghdad, killing six people and injuring 20.
    (AP, 7/9/10)

2010        Jul 10, Baghdad officials said 58,000 stray dogs have been killed in and around the Iraqi capital over the past three months as part of a campaign to combat dog attacks.
    (AP, 7/10/10)

2010        Jul 11, An Iraqi judge said a court has ordered the arrest of 39 members of members of the People's Mujahideen Organization of Iran (PMOI), an exiled Iranian opposition group, accusing them of crimes against humanity in helping Saddam Hussein to crush a revolt almost two decades ago.
    (AP, 7/11/10)

2010        Jul 13, In Iraq 3 people were killed by a device which blew up in a mock coffin during a demonstration. In Yusifiyah, 25 km (15 miles) south of Baghdad, gunmen killed a leader of the Sahwa militia, which has sided with US forces against Al-Qaeda, and four family members in their home. Two bombs exploded near a petrol station in Baghdad’s central district of Muhandicin, killing two and wounding five others. A man was killed in the western city of Fallujah when a "sticky bomb" attached to his car blew up.
    (AFP, 7/13/10)
2010        Jul 13, Iraqi Oil Minister Hussain al-Shahristani said the cabinet had decided to summon representatives of the Kurdish regional government to discuss oil smuggling to Iran and "to put an end to it, as it harms Iraq's national and economic interests." Reports about the oil smuggling surfaced just over a week after the US imposed new sanctions barring the export of refined fuels to Iran.
    (AP, 7/13/10)

2010        Jul 14, Iraq's deputy justice minister said that US has handed over 55 former members of Saddam Hussein's inner circle, including the longtime int’l. face of the regime, Tariq Aziz. As of July 15, Iraqi security officials will control Camp Cropper, and the US will hand over roughly 1,600 Iraqi prisoners currently in American custody.
    (AP, 7/14/10)

2010        Jul 15, In Iraq the US handed over the last detention facility under its control to Iraqi authorities, a milestone in Iraq's push for complete sovereignty. A car bomb in Tikrit and two other attacks killed 8 people, including 4 police officers, and wounded 14 others. A double suicide bombing against a Shiite mosque in southeast Iran killed 27 people, including members of the elite Revolutionary Guard in the provincial capital Zahedan. The insurgent group, Jundallah, claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 7/15/10)(AP, 7/16/10)
2010        Jul 15, In northern Iraq a fire in a five-story hotel killed 28 people, half of them foreigners, in a harrowing blaze that forced several victims to jump to their deaths to escape a building without fire escapes in the Kurdish city of Sulaimaniyah.
    (AP, 7/16/10)

2010        Jul 18, In Iraq twin suicide bombings killed 48 people, including dozens from a government-backed, anti-al-Qaida militia lining up to collect their paychecks near a military base southwest of Baghdad.
    (AP, 7/18/10)

2010        Jul 19, In Iraq a British national was killed in a car bomb attack on a convoy in the northern city of Mosul. A car bomb exploded near a restaurant in Baqouba, killing six people.
    (AFP, 7/19/10)(AP, 7/22/10)

2010        Jul 20, Iraqi officials discovered that 4 al-Qaida-linked detainees escaped from Karkh prison in the Baghdad area, which was handed over by the US to Iraqi authorities a week ago. The four men were officially listed in a security report as Mohammed Hamid, Qais Azmi, Malik Nazzal and Hussein Ahmed. A car bomb  near a roadside restaurant just north of Baghdad killed one person and wounded seven Iranian pilgrims heading to Karbala.
    (AP, 7/22/10)(AP, 7/23/10)

2010        Jul 21, In Iraq a car bomb outside a Shiite mosque in Baqouba, Diyala province, killed 15 people, the third deadly attack in the region in as many days. A US soldier was killed in a separate bombing in the same province. Iraqi soldiers arrested Saleem Khalid al-Zawbayi, the minister of defense for the Islamic State of Iraq (ISI). Zawbayi was suspected of organizing a July 18 suicide bombing in the town of Radwaniyah.
    (AP, 7/21/10)(AP, 7/25/10)

2010        Jul 22, In Iraq 2 Ugandans and a Peruvian who worked as security contractors for the US government were killed during a rocket attack on the Green Zone. In Mosul a bombing and a series of drive-by shootings killed an Iraqi army brigadier general, a Sunni cleric, two policeman, a soldier and two civilians.
    (AP, 7/23/10)

2010        Jul 26, In Iraq a suicide bomber driving a minibus blew himself up in front of the Baghdad office of a  Saudi-funded television channel, killing 4 people. Twin car bombs killed 21 people in the Shiite city of Karbala, while four people died in a suicide attack on a Saudi-funded television channel in Baghdad.
    (AP, 7/26/10)(AFP, 7/27/10)

2010        Jul 27, In Iraq mortars killed 7 people and wounded 46 in the Shiite holy city of Karbala.
    (AP, 7/28/10)
2010        Jul 27, An audit by the US Special Investigator for Iraq Reconstruction said the US Defense Department is unable to properly account for over 95 percent of $9.1 billion in Iraqi oil money tapped by the US for rebuilding the war ravaged nation.
    (AP, 7/27/10)

2010        Jul 28, In Iraq a sandstorm downed an Iraqi military helicopter, killing its five-man crew. Midmorning bombings in Baghdad killed 6 people.
    (AP, 7/28/10)

2010        Jul 29, In Iraq militants flew an al-Qaida flag over a Baghdad neighborhood after killing 16 security officials and burning some of their bodies in a brazen afternoon attack that served as a grim reminder of continued insurgent strength in Iraq's capital. A suicide bomber drove a minibus into the main gate of an Iraqi army base near Tikrit, killing 4 soldiers and wounding 10. Two road side bombs, targeting Iraqi army patrols exploded in Fallujah, 40 miles (65 km) west of Baghdad, killing two Iraqi soldiers and wounding eight others. In Mosul a bomb attached to a police vehicle killed one policeman and injured two others.
    (AP, 7/29/10)
2010        Jul 29, The UN released $650 million in Iraqi compensation to Kuwait, the latest payment of a war reparation scheme that began in 1994. The payment brings the total sum of compensation paid to Kuwait to $30.15 billion. A further $22.3 billion is due to Kuwait.
    (AFP, 7/29/10)

2010        Jul 30, In Iraq the head of a five-member family was killed when a roadside bomb hit the car in which they were traveling. He was a local leader of a government-backed Sunni armed group known as an Awakening Council. The man, his wife and three children, two boys and a 4-year-old girl, were killed in the attack.
    (AP, 7/31/10)

2010        Jul 31, In Iraq a roadside bomb killed four people, including three army soldiers, and wounded 11 people south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 7/31/10)

2010        Aug 2, In Iraq 2 bombings and a drive-by shooting killed eight people.
    (AP, 8/2/10)
2010        Aug 2, President Barack Obama said the United States will end its combat mission in Iraq as scheduled on August 31 despite a recent flare-up in violence.
    (AFP, 8/2/10)

2010        Aug 3, In Iraq a car bomb in Kut killed at least 15 people. Suspected al-Qaida militants killed 5 Iraqi soldiers in a brazen dawn attack at a western Baghdad checkpoint and planted the terror group's black banner before fleeing the scene. An Iraqi soldier and a policeman were killed and nine people were wounded in other attacks across Baghdad.
    (AP, 8/3/10)(SFC, 8/4/10, p.A3)

2010        Aug 4, In Iraq a judge said Khamis Sirhan al-Muhammadi, No. 54 out of 55 on a former US military list of most-wanted Saddam officials, has been released from prison after he was found innocent of helping the former regime punish opponents by draining the country's fabled marshlands. 3 traffic policemen were killed in drive-by shootings in western Baghdad while gunmen stormed the house of a policeman, killing him, his wife and a relative.
    (AP, 8/4/10)(AP, 8/5/10)

2010        Aug 5, In Iraq gunmen stormed a Baghdad money exchange and killed three people, the latest in recent brash daylight attacks on banks, financial and trade centers in the Iraqi capital, many of which have been blamed on insurgents.
    (AP, 8/5/10)

2010        Aug 6, In Iraq a drive-by shooting and a bomb hidden in a motorcycle killed three traffic policemen in Baghdad, taking to eight the number from the city's force killed this week.
    (AP, 8/6/10)

2010        Aug 7, In Iraq explosions killed at least 20 people at Basra’s al-Ashaar market. 5 policemen were killed in an overnight shootout at a suspected bomb workshop in Baghdad. One policeman was shot dead at a checkpoint in Fallujah. A suicide bomber killed a policeman and injured 3 others on foot patrol in Mosul.
    (SSFC, 8/8/10, p.A5)(AP, 8/7/10)

2010        Aug 8, In Iraq a suicide car bomber struck a police patrol west of Baghdad and killed 8 people, mostly civilians.
    (SFC, 8/9/10, p.A2)

2010        Aug 9, In Iraq a rush-hour bombing at a western Baghdad police precinct killed two traffic cops and one civilian. Iraqi traffic police began to arm themselves with high-powered weapons for the first time in two years following an escalation in attacks against the force.
    (AP, 8/9/10)(AFP, 8/9/10)

2010        Aug 10, In Iraq the leader of an anti-Qaeda militia was gunned down outside his home, while bombs killed three civilians in a series of attacks south of Baghdad.
    (AFP, 8/10/10)

2010        Aug 11, In Iraq gunmen burst into a house in Sadiyah, Diyala province, killing three people and sending the surviving children to an Iraqi army checkpoint to lure soldiers to the residence. As the troops arrived at the booby-trapped house, it blew up, leaving 8 soldiers dead. Gunmen broke into the house of a senior female doctor in Baghdad and killed her. the gunmen used pistols fitted with silencers and stole 250 million Iraqi dinars (about $215,000).
    (AP, 8/11/10)

2010        Aug 14, In Iraq two policemen were shot dead and their bodies set ablaze at a Baghdad checkpoint. A drive-by shooting killed 2 more police officers in Baghdad. An anti-Qaeda fighter was killed at a checkpoint manned by government-backed Sunni fighters in northeast Baghdad. A bomb attached to a police officer’s car in Baghdad blew up, killing the driver and wounding 2 passengers. Mohammed Ali al-Deen (34), who returned less than a month ago after completing a pharmacy course in Washington DC, was gunned down at his home in Noamaniyah in the central province of Wasit.
    (AFP, 8/14/10)(AFP, 8/15/10)(SFC, 8/15/10, p.A8)

2010        Aug 15, In Iraq drive-by shootings and a spate of bombings killed 11 people and wounded dozens. Five of the dead were Iraqi police and security forces. 3 Sunni Muslims were gunned down as they left Abid Wais mosque in Jurf al-Sakhr, 50 km (30 miles) south of the capital in the mainly Shiite province of Babil. Three others, including an off-duty policeman, were killed when their minibus was struck by a bomb attack as it travelled to the centre of Baghdad from an eastern quarter. A traffic policeman and a civilian were also killed, and a police officer was wounded, when a roadside bomb exploded near Al-Shaab stadium in the east of the capital. Another person was killed and seven others wounded by three roadside bombs in northern Baghdad. In Mosul, one Iraqi soldier was killed and another wounded in a shooting at a security checkpoint in the east of the northern city.
    (AP, 8/15/10)(AFP, 8/15/10)

2010        Aug 16, In Iraq a car bomb killed four Iranian Shiite pilgrims and an Iraqi citizen travelling on a bus northeast of Baghdad with women among nine others wounded.
    (AFP, 8/16/10)

2010        Aug 17, In Iraq a suicide bomber sat for hours among hundreds of army recruits before detonating nail-packed explosives strapped to his body, killing 61 people and casting new doubt on the ability of Iraqi forces as US troops head home.
    (AP, 8/17/10)

2010        Aug 18, In Iraq 3 farmers were killed and leaflets pinned to their bodies warning against cooperation with American and Iraqi forces in a brutal act of intimidation as thousands of US troops leave.
    (AFP, 8/18/10)

2010        Aug 19, In Iraq insurgents kept up a relentless campaign against the country's institutions and security forces, killing five Iraqi government employees in roadside bombings and other attacks. The 4th Stryker Brigade, 2nd Infantry Division, officially designated the last combat brigade to leave Iraq under Obama's plan to end combat operations in Iraq by Aug. 31, headed home.
    (AP, 8/19/10)

2010        Aug 22, In southern Iraq an American solider was killed in a rocket attack, marking the first American fatality since the last combat unit in Iraq pulled out of the country. A bomb struck a popular cafe in the capital's southwest. The explosion killed one person and wounded 15 people. A late night grenade attack on an Iraqi army checkpoint in Amariyah, a Sunni area in western Baghdad, killed one soldier and injured 2 others.
    (AP, 8/22/10)(AP, 8/23/10)

2010        Aug 23, In Iraq unknown attackers in a speeding car threw a grenade in the mixed Sunni-Shiite eastern neighborhood of New Baghdad. The blast killed one policeman and wounded another.
    (AP, 8/23/10)

2010        Aug 25, In Iraq bombers and gunmen launched an apparently coordinated string of attacks against Iraqi government forces, killing at least 61 people, one day after the number of US troops fell below 50,000 for the first time since the start of the war. In the deadliest attacks a suicide bomber blew up a car inside a security barrier between a police station and the provincial government's headquarters in Kut, killing 20 people, 15 of them policemen. A suicide bomber detonated a car bomb in a parking lot behind a police station in Baghdad killing 15 people, including six policemen.
    (AFP, 8/25/10)(AP, 8/26/10)(SFC, 8/26/10, p.A2)

2010        Aug 26, In Iraq insurgents killed six members of a government-allied Sunni militia using a roadside bomb and ambush near the town of Muqdadiyah.
    (AP, 8/26/10)

2010        Aug 27, In northern Iraq gunmen killed three anti-Qaeda militiamen overnight in the latest revenge attack against the force credited with turning the tide against the jihadists.
    (AFP, 8/27/10)
2010        Aug 27, The US military said it is demanding to know what happened to $1.9 million worth of computers intended for Iraqi schoolchildren. The computers were allegedly auctioned off by Iraqi officials for less than $50,000.
    (SFC, 8/28/10, p.A2)

2010        Aug 30, It was reported that over $5 billion in American aid to Iraq has been wasted on abandoned or incomplete projects. This was over 10% of US reconstruction efforts in Iraq.
    (SFC, 8/30/10, p.A4)

2010        Aug 31, President Barack Obama marked the symbolic end of US combat operations in Iraq. Vice President Joe Biden presided over the formal end to US combat operations in Iraq. Biden made a new appeal to Iraqi leaders, including PM Nouri al-Maliki, to end the political deadlock and seat a new government. Since the US invasion in March, 2003, almost 5,000 American and allied soldiers lost their lives as well as some 150,000 Iraqis. Over 2 million Iraqis fled the country.
    (AFP, 8/31/10)(AP, 8/31/10)(Econ, 8/28/10, p.37)

2010        Sep 1, The United States changed commanders in Iraq, beginning the final phase of American military involvement in the country despite political uncertainty and persistent violence.
    (AP, 9/1/10)

2010        Sep 2, Iraq signed an agreement to pay $400 million to Americans who say they were abused by Saddam Hussein's regime. The signing was made public on Sep 10. the money would be given to Americans who were affected by the Iraqi invasion of neighboring Kuwait in 1990. Generally such agreements have to be approved by the Cabinet, but this settlement would likely be extremely unpopular among Iraqis who survived years under Saddam only to suffer vicious sectarian fighting after the American invasion.
    (AP, 9/10/10)

2010        Sep 3, The Iraqi National Alliance, a powerful Iranian-backed Shiite bloc, added a third man to the political wrangling by naming Adel Abdul-Mahdi, Iraq's Shiite vice president, their candidate for the job.
    (AP, 9/3/10)

2010        Sep 5, In Iraq a car bomb and suicide bombers hit a Baghdad military headquarters and killed 12 people, two weeks after an attack on the same site pointed to the failure of Iraqi forces to plug even the most obvious holes in their security. Five soldiers were among the dead. American troops found themselves battling heavily armed militants assaulting an Iraqi military headquarters in the center of Baghdad.
    (AP, 9/5/10)

2010        Sep 7, In Iraq Riad al-Saray, a prominent state television anchorman, was shot dead as he was driving in the capital. Reporters Without Borders has tallied 230 cases of journalists and media staff killed in the country since the conflict broke out on 20 March 2003. An Iraqi soldier, Soran Rahman Saleh Wali, opened fire on a group of American troops protecting one of their commanders during a visit to an Iraqi army base. Two American soldiers were killed and nine others were wounded in the attack. Wali was killed and his brother, who works as a policeman in Tuz Khurmatu, was arrested. A grenade attack on a US military convoy in the Salaheddin provincial capital Tikrit wounded two American soldiers and four Iraqi civilians. One of the attackers was killed.
    (AFP, 9/7/10)(AP, 9/8/10)(AFP, 9/8/10)

2010        Sep 8, In Iraqi 4 prisoners with links to al-Qaida have escaped from the US-controlled part of the Karkh maximum-security prison, formerly Camp Cropper, in Baghdad.
    (AFP, 9/9/10)

2010        Sep 13, Amnesty International said tens of thousands of detainees are being held without trial in Iraqi prisons and face violent and psychological abuse as well as other forms of mistreatment.
    (AFP, 9/13/10)

2010        Sep 15, Iraqi and US forces launched a raid on the former insurgent stronghold of Fallujah, killing seven people in the second incident this week in which American troops were involved in fighting despite the official end of combat. 2 Iraqi soldiers were killed in the fight. 9 Iraqi soldiers were killed near Mosul when a bomb exploded on a bus as they left their base in Tal Afar for vacation. An American airman was killed and a soldier wounded in a controlled detonation at the US Joint Base Balad.
    (AP, 9/15/10)(AFP, 9/15/10)(AP, 9/16/10)

2010        Sep 16, The Iraqi government said its Cabinet has unanimously approved a $400 million settlement for Americans who say they were abused by Saddam Hussein's regime.
    (AP, 9/17/10)

2010        Sep 19, Iraq signed a deal with Turkey to extend for 15 years the use of the main pipeline linking its northern oilfields to the Mediterranean port of Ceyhan. 3 car bombs tore through Baghdad and the former insurgent stronghold of Fallujah, killing at least 36 people. Al-Qaida's front group in Iraq later claimed responsibility for the two Baghdad bombings that killed at least 31 people at a government security agency and what it called an "evil" mobile phone provider.
    (AFP, 9/19/10)(AP, 9/19/10)(AP, 9/24/10)

2010        Sep 21, In Iraq blast targeting an army patrol on the outskirts of Kirkuk killed 2 Iraqi soldiers.
    (AP, 9/21/10)

2010        Sep 22, Several dozen Iraqis who failed to gain asylum in Europe were returned to Iraq despite concerns the situation is still too dangerous.
    (AP, 9/22/10)

2010        Sep 23, In Iraq a "verbal altercation" broke out among four American soldiers in Fallujah and suspect Spc. Neftaly Platero "allegedly took his weapon and began shooting the other soldiers." 2 soldiers died the next day and one was left wounded. On Oct 20 Platero (32) was charged with killing the 2 soldiers and wounding a third.
    (AP, 9/28/10)(AP, 10/20/10)

2010        Sep 26, Iraq inaugurated the first in a fleet of new US-built patrol boats, part of efforts to boost its naval capacity and secure key oil platforms ahead of an American withdrawal at the end of next year. A car packed with explosives blew up near the former insurgent stronghold of Fallujah, killing 4 policemen in the latest sign that insurgents could be trying to win back old strongholds. Attacks elsewhere in the country killed at least 4 others.
    (AFP, 9/26/10)(AP, 9/26/10)

2010        Sep 27, Iraqi police officials said a bomb exploded as Alaa Muhsen, a news anchor for Iraqiya television, drove through southern Baghdad.
    (AP, 9/27/10)

2010        Sep 30, In Iraq a gang using bombs and automatic weapons tried to storm a bank in Baghdad in a failed robbery attempt that left three people dead, including two policemen.
    (AP, 9/30/10)

2010        Oct 1, In Iraq aides said Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr has agreed to support the bid by Iraq's PM al-Maliki to retain power. A roadside bomb exploded and killed at least three people, including two members of an anti-insurgent militia, and wounded seven others in a mostly Sunni district of southern Baghdad. In Mosul gunmen killed a policeman and a roadside bomb killed an Iraqi soldier on foot patrol.
    (AP, 10/1/10)

2010        Oct 4, In Iraq 5 people were killed in violence in Baghdad and central Iraq, including a roadside bomb targeting a junior minister.
    (AFP, 10/4/10)

2010        Oct 5, In Iraq gunmen in the northern city of Mosul ambushed and killed the director of the city's crime lab in the latest targeted killing of security officials and government workers.
    (AP, 10/5/10)

2010        Oct 7, In Iraq back-to-back bombings at a vegetable market south of Baghdad killed at least five people, including a policeman who was searching for explosives.
    (AP, 10/7/10)

2010        Oct 11, In Iraq gunmen wearing military uniforms raided the homes of several anti-al-Qaida Sunni fighters. They killed four men in an execution-style slaying and left 2 wounded before dawn near the town of Youssifiyah.
    (AP, 10/11/10)

2010        Oct 12, In Iraq Al-Qaida's umbrella group threatened to kidnap family members of Iraqi politicians and ministers unless the wife and children of its slain leader, Abu Ayyub al-Masri, are released from prison.
    (AP, 10/12/10)

2010        Oct 13, In Iraq targeted explosions in Baghdad and northern Iraq wounded 28 people, among them 7 Iranian pilgrims and 9 policemen.
    (AFP, 10/13/10)
2010        Oct 13, Syrian President Bashar al-Assad told visiting Iraqi premier Nuri al-Maliki that better ties between the two nations will be strengthened by the formation of a new Iraqi government.
    (AP, 10/13/10)

2010        Oct 14, In Iraq a roadside bomb hit the car of Abdul Karim al-Mohammadawi, a prominent member of the Sunni-backed Iraqiya alliance, killing four people and wounding six others, including the politician.
    (AP, 10/14/10)

2010        Oct 17, In Iraq two policemen and two gunmen were killed in gunfights between security forces and armed groups attempting to rob Baghdad jewelry stores. 5 gunmen escaped.
    (AP, 10/17/10)(SFC, 10/18/10, p.A2)
2010        Oct 17, The New York Times reported that possibly hundreds of members of Iraq's Awakening Councils, a group affiliated with the US military, have switched their loyalty to Al-Qaeda.
    (AP, 10/17/10)

2010        Oct 18, Iraqi PM Nuri al-Maliki was in Tehran to drum up support for his premiership bid, as his chief rival Iyad Allawi accused Iran of meddling in Baghdad's political affairs. In Iraq a roadside bomb hit a convoy carrying Jassim al-Saiedi, a member of Baghdad's local government, killing him and wounding eight people. Two Associated Press journalists were among those assaulted by Iraqi soldiers while trying to cover the bombing.
    (AFP, 10/18/10)(AP, 10/18/10)(AP, 10/19/10)

2010        Oct 19, In Iraq a bomb exploded near the house of a policeman in Saddam Hussein's hometown of Tikrit, killing his 6-month-old niece, both her parents and five other members of the same family. In Samarra a roadside bomb struck a police patrol, killing two policemen and wounding two. In Baghdad two bombs attached to buses exploded and wounded 15 Iranian pilgrims. Chief UN envoy AD Melkert finished meeting with Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani and was leaving the Shiite city of Najaf when his convoy hit a roadside bomb. A member of the Iraqi security forces was killed and several others were injured in the attack.
    (AP, 10/19/10)(AP, 10/19/10)

2010        Oct 22, The WikiLeaks website released 391,831 purported Iraq war logs in the biggest leak of secret information in US history. The documents date from the start of 2004 to Jan 1, 2010. They suggested that far more Iraqis died than previously acknowledged during the years of sectarian bloodletting and criminal violence unleashed by the American-led invasion in 2003. Accounts of civilian deaths included deaths unknown or unreported before now, as many as 15,000 by the count of one independent research group.
    (AP, 10/23/10)

2010        Oct 23    , Iraq's PM Nouri al-Maliki accused WikiLeaks of releasing documents that detail prisoner abuse by Iraqi security forces to sabotage his re-election hopes.
    (AP, 10/23/10)

2010        Oct 24, Iraq's highest court ordered parliament back to work after a seven-month political impasse that has blocked the formation of a new government. In the Sunni-dominated northern city of Mosul, a car bomb killed two passers-by and wounded 19.
    (AP, 10/24/10)

2010        Oct 25, In Iraq masked gunmen in Baghdad stole more than $27,000 in cash intended for university workers' salaries in a daylight ambush of a money courier's car.
    (AP, 10/25/10)

2010        Oct 26, In Iraq Saddam Hussein's longtime foreign minister, Tariq Aziz, was sentenced to death by hanging for persecuting members of Shiite religious parties under the former regime. Thieves armed with guns and hand grenades stormed a jewelry shop in northern Iraq and killed 10 people during a robbery attempt.
    (AP, 10/26/10)
2010        Oct 26, An annual report by Transparency Int’l. marked Somalia as the most corrupt county in the world, followed by Afghanistan, Myanmar and Iraq. Denmark, New Zealand and Singapore tied as the world’s least corrupt nations. The US declined to 22nd from 19th last year.
    (SFC, 10/27/10, p.A2)

2010        Oct 27, In Iraq a bomb blast near a Sunni religious organization in Baghdad killed two security guards. Elsewhere in Baghdad, a bomb hidden in a pickup truck exploded, killing the driver and injuring three passers-by.
    (AP, 10/27/10)

2010        Oct 28, In Iraq a suicide bomber blew up his car outside a police checkpoint in Mosul, killing one policeman and injuring seven. In Baghdad small bombs stuck on cars owned by ranking police officials killed one and wounded another.
    (AP, 10/28/10)

2010        Oct 29, In Iraq a suicide bomber blew himself up inside a popular café in Balad Ruz, Diyala province. 22 people were killed with 68 wounded.
    (AFP, 10/30/10)(Reuters, 11/1/10)

2010        Oct 31, In Iraq an al Qaeda attack left 68 people dead including 46 hostages, 7 police and 5 attackers, at the Sayidat al-Nejat Syriac Christian cathedral (Our Lady of Salvation) in Baghdad. The attack ended with police storming the church to free more than 100 hostages. Officials said most of the casualties were killed or wounded when the security forces raided the place and that the attack was aimed at driving the Christian minority out of the country. Al-Qaida cited the cases of 2 Egyptian women, wives of Coptic priests, who had converted to Islam in order to get away from their abusive husbands. On August 2, 2011, a Baghdad court convicted 3 Iraqis and sentenced them to death for their role in the church siege. A fourth man was sentenced to 20 years in prison.
    (Reuters, 11/1/10)(AFP, 11/1/10)(SFC, 12/27/10, p.A2)(AP, 8/2/11)
2010        Oct 31, A French airliner landed at Baghdad International Airport, becoming one of the first passenger planes to fly into the Iraqi capital direct from western Europe since the Gulf War and opening a potential new route to stronger international business ties.
    (AP, 10/31/10)

2010        Nov 2, In Iraq Shiite Baghdad neighborhoods were targeted in a series of bombings and mortar strikes that took place over the span of about an hour. In Sadr City 21 people were killed by car bomb near a market. In 12 other neighborhoods at least 55 more were killed. In total some 91 people were killed and some 232 people were wounded. The Islamic State of Iraq, an umbrella group that includes al-Qaida in Iraq and other Sunni insurgent factions, soon claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 11/3/10)(SFC, 11/3/10, p.A3)(AP, 11/4/10)(AP, 11/5/10)

2010        Nov 4, In northern Iraq a rocket confiscated by authorities blew up in the back of a police pickup truck, killing four people. Two people died in a roadside bomb explosion west of Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/4/10)

2010        Nov 5, Iraqi civil society groups said they are to launch a legal battle for Iraqi MPs left idle since a March 7 poll to return 40 million dollars received in salaries and allowances over the past eight months.
    (AFP, 11/5/10)
2010        Nov 5, Britain began a 3-day hearing on Iraqi civilian claims of abuse. Lawyers for 222 Iraqi civilians were suing the British government, claiming their clients were subjected to a regime of systematic abuse by British soldiers and interrogators, and that their only realistic remedy is a far-reaching public investigation into how the U.K. treated its captives in Iraq.
    (AP, 11/5/10)

2010        Nov 6, Iraq's political rivals reached a breakthrough power-sharing deal in which Nuri al-Maliki, a Shiite, retains the premiership. The deal came 8 months after inconclusive elections. The deal was between the National Alliance, which represents the main Shiite parties, and the Kurdish coalition, while the Sunni-backed Iraqiya's support hinged on its agreement over the posts of speaker and president. A roadside bomb killed two Sunni anti-Qaeda militiamen and two Iraqi soldiers died in separate attacks on checkpoints north of Baghdad. Twin mortar attacks in Baghdad wounded two people. 25 people were wounded when three car bombs exploded outside the homes of officials of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan in the northern Iraqi city of Kirkuk.
    (AFP, 11/6/10)(AFP, 11/7/10)(AFP, 11/7/10)

2010        Nov 8, In Iraq leaders of all the main political blocs met for the first time since March elections in a new push to break the eight-month deadlock over forming a new government. Car bombs struck Karbala and Najaf killing 16 people.
    (AP, 11/8/10)(SFC, 11/9/10, p.A3)

2010        Nov 10, Iraq's fractious politicians agreed to return Shi'ite Nuri al-Maliki as prime minister, ending an eight-month deadlock that raised fears of renewed sectarian war. The deal will see Kurd Jalal Talabani retain the presidency and give Iyad Allawi's bloc the speaker post in parliament and other Iraqiya members cabinet jobs, such as foreign minister. Allawi himself will head a council of strategic policies.
    (Reuters, 11/11/10)
2010        Nov 10, In Iraq a coordinated series of at least 11 roadside bombs blew up in predominantly Christian neighborhoods of Baghdad, killing 6 people and sowing panic among the minority, many of whom now want to flee. 2 mortar rounds also struck Christian enclaves of the predominantly Sunni neighborhood of Dora in south Baghdad. An estimated 800,000 Christians lived in Iraq before the 2003 invasion but that number has since shrunk to around 500,000.
    (AFP, 11/10/10)

2010        Nov 11, In Iraq Shi'ite Nuri al-Maliki was re-nominated as prime minister. Lawmakers from the Sunni-backed Iraqiya alliance of former PM Iyad Allawi walked out of the parliamentary session. Parliament met for only the 2nd time since the inconclusive March 7 election, electing Jalal Talabani, a Kurd, as president and Iraqiya lawmaker Osama al-Nujaifi, a Sunni, as speaker.
    (Reuters, 11/11/10)

2010        Nov 13, In Iraq the Sunni-backed Iraqiya political bloc said it will join efforts to produce a national unity government, backing away from a threat to boycott parliament. Lawmakers approved an agreement to bring all of Iraq's feuding political blocs into a new government.
    (AP, 11/13/10)(AP, 11/14/10)

2010        Nov 15, In northern Iraq the Badoosh prison commander and his body guard were killed when twin car bombs detonated outside a residential complex housing prison guards and staff on the outskirts of Mosul. In downtown Baghdad an Iraqi policeman was killed when a roadside bomb struck a patrol, while four policemen were wounded when another roadside bomb detonated in eastern part of the capital. In the town of Qaim on the Syrian border some 340 km (210 miles) west of Baghdad, two people were killed and five others wounded by two roadside bombs, including one in a market. Gunmen in Mosul killed two Christians, in the latest assault on the country's dwindling Christian community.
    (AFP, 11/15/10)(AP, 11/16/10)

2010        Nov 17, Iraq’s Pres. Jalal Talabani said he would never sign former deputy premier Tareq Aziz's execution order, stressing it was time to turn the page on Iraq's history of capital punishment.
    (AP, 11/17/10)

2010        Nov 19, In Iraq 4 Jordanians of Palestinian origin from Zarqa were killed while fighting American troops. The men were all in their 20s and 30s and with the exception of one, had served jail terms in Jordan for plotting anti-American terror attacks.
    (AP, 12/22/10)

2010        Nov 22, In Iraq gunmen shot and killed, Saad and Raad Hannah, two Christian brothers in the northern city of Mosul in the latest in a spate of attacks targeting the religious minority.
    (AP, 11/22/10)

2010        Nov 23, In Iraq a surgeon and an engineer at Baghdad International Airport were gunned down in a mostly Sunni neighborhood in western Baghdad. an Education Ministry professor was shot in another Sunni area in northeastern Baghdad. A passer-by was slain in a drive-by shooting in the northeastern city of Kirkuk.
    (AP, 11/24/10)

2010        Nov 24, In Iraq a roadside bomb killed four people in the town of Shurqat, 155 miles (250 km) northwest of Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/24/10)

2010        Nov 25, Iraq's PM Nouri al-Maliki appealed to the country's warring political factions for unity after formally accepting a request by the president to form the next government, part of a deal to end an eight-month deadlock over who would lead the country the next four years.
    (AP, 11/25/10)

2010        Nov 27, Iraq arrested 12 militants suspected of helping take Christians hostage in a church siege that killed 44 worshippers and two priests on Oct 31. Among those apprehended were Huthaifa al-Batawi, the Baghdad chief of the Islamic State of Iraq, the Al-Qaeda front group which carried out the attack, while senior ISI leader Ammar al-Najadi was killed.
    (AFP, 11/27/10)

2010        Nov 28, In Iraq US troops, who thought they were under attack, killed an Iraqi airport employee as he drove near a military convoy on his way to work. In the village of al-Meshahda gunmen wearing Iraqi security forces uniforms invaded the home of Sunni Sheik Abdul Kerim Talab Mutlak al-Halbussi, a leader of the local Sahwa, in a pre-dawn raid and shot him and his son (15). In Baghdad a roadside bomb in a western neighborhood killed a passer-by and wounded 3 during rush hour at the start of the local work week.
    (AP, 11/28/10)
2010        Nov 28, More than 250,000 classified US State Department documents were released by online whistleblower WikiLeaks. Among the leaked memos was information that Iranian Red Crescent ambulances were used to smuggle weapons to Lebanon's militant Hezbollah group during its 2006 war with Israel. Memos said the "IRC shipments of medical supplies served also to facilitate weapons shipments." Documents also detailed concerns by US officials in Baghdad about Iran’s influence on Iraq. Memos also said King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia had repeatedly urged the United States to attack Iran to destroy its nuclear program to stop Tehran from developing a nuclear weapon.
    (AP, 11/28/10)

2010        Nov 29, An Iraqi court convicted Tariq Aziz (74), Saddam Hussein's longtime foreign minister, of terrorizing Shiite Kurds during the Iran-Iraq war, sentencing him to 10 years in prison. He already faced an execution sentence from another case. The Iraqi military said its forces have thwarted an attempt by a suicide bomber to blow up a vehicle by the French embassy using intelligence gathered after a bloodbath at a Baghdad cathedral.
    (AP, 11/29/10)(AFP, 11/30/10)

2010        Dec 2, Iraqi officials said security forces have arrested 39 suspected Al-Qaeda members in the mostly Sunni western province of Anbar. 2 insurgents were killed and 2 others wounded in an army raid in the northern province of Salaheddin. One of those wounded was a Moroccan fighter. Violence in Baghdad and the restive northern city of Mosul left three dead, including an 18-year-old girl, and nine wounded.
    (AP, 12/2/10)

2010        Dec 3, In Iraq 24 people, including 22 Iranian pilgrims visiting Shiite holy sites, died when two buses collided head-on south of Baghdad. A sniper shot and killed a policeman manning a checkpoint in Baghdad. Gunmen with silencers opened fire from a speeding car on a police colonel and wounded him.
    (AP, 12/3/10)

2010        Dec 4, In Iraq bombs killed 17 people across Baghdad, including Iranian pilgrims near a revered shrine and shoppers at a Shiite neighborhood market.
    (AP, 12/4/10)

2010        Dec 7, Jordanian computer engineer Mohammed Rateb Qteishat (33) was killed by Iraqi forces in Mosul. He was an al-Qaida operative fighting American forces in Iraq. In 2006, he was sentenced to death in absentia in his native Jordan for plotting attacks on Americans in Jordan and attempting to blow up hotels in Amman.
    (AP, 12/22/10)

2010        Dec 8, In Iraq a car bomb outside a restaurant killed 3 people in Taji. Scattered bombings and gunfire left a total of 5 people dead and 24 wounded. A roadside bomb in Baghdad wounded 7 Iranian pilgrims on a bus traveling to a Shiite religious festival. In southern Iraq a US soldier was killed during operations.
    (AP, 12/8/10)(AP, 12/9/10)(SFC, 12/9/10, p.A2)

2010        Dec 9, In Iraq attacks on a police patrol in northern Baghdad and a checkpoint north of the city killed two policemen.
    (AP, 12/9/10)

2010        Dec 12, In Iraq a suicide bomber blew up his car outside government offices in Ramadi, killing at least 13 people, including women and elderly people waiting to collect welfare checks. Six police officers were among the dead. Near Baquba a suicide bomber detonated his explosives-laden vest near an Ashura procession, killing three people.
    (AP, 12/12/10)(AFP, 12/13/10)(SFC, 12/13/10, p.A3)

2010        Dec 13, In Iraq four Shiites were killed and 17 others wounded when a suicide bomber detonated explosives in Balad Ruz. Insurgents killed a woman and her daughter when they bombed the house of a member of Sahwa, the anti-Qaeda militia, in the town of Jurf al-Sakhr.
    (AFP, 12/13/10)

2010        Dec 15, Iraqi authorities said they have obtained confessions from captured insurgents who claim al-Qaida is planning suicide attacks in the US and Europe during the Christmas season. Hundreds of thousands of Shiites descended on Karbala ahead of the climax of Ashura ceremonies, surrounded by heavy security over fears of attacks. The UN Security Council lifted most of the sanctions imposed on Iraq following its 1990 invasion of Kuwait.
    (AP, 12/15/10)(AFP, 12/15/10)(SFC, 12/16/10, p.A5)
2010        Dec 15, At least 27 refugees, thought to be from Iran and Iraq, died after their wooden boat shattered in violent seas off Australia before horrified witnesses, with fears as many as 50 could have perished.
    (AFP, 12/15/10)
2010        Dec 15, Sweden deported 5 Iraqi Christians, part of a group of at least 20 Iraqis, who failed to gain asylum and were flown out of the country. On Dec 17 the UN refugee agency called itself "dismayed" over the deportation and called on countries to take in Iraqis from Baghdad, Kirkuk and three northern provinces that the UN considers unsafe because of repeated attacks, sectarian tensions and human rights violations.
    (AP, 12/17/10)

2010        Dec 16, In Iraq bombs hidden in trash cans exploded near a group of pilgrims in a town north of Baghdad, killing two people as millions of Shiites headed to ceremonies to mark Ashura, a day of mourning. Karbala provincial council chief Mohammed al-Mussawi said "We were able to destroy 14 terrorist cells and arrest 73 people, including 37 wanted persons."
    (AP, 12/16/10)(AFP, 12/16/10)

2010        Dec 17, In Iraq a roadside bomb in southeast Baghdad exploded as Shiite pilgrims were returning home from Karbala, after final ceremonies ended for Ashura, the Shiite Muslims' most solemn religious event of the year. Eight pilgrims were wounded. The UN refugee agency said an "exodus" of thousands of Iraqi Christians was taking place following a deadly church attack in Baghdad carried out by Al-Qaeda militants at the end of October.
    (AP, 12/17/10)(AFP, 12/17/10)

2010        Dec 18, Iraq's parliament took a major step toward creating a unity government, lifting a ban on three Sunni Muslim politicians who were barred from running in national elections last March after being accused of having ties to Saddam Hussein's ousted regime.
    (AP, 12/18/10)

2010        Dec 20, Iraqi army special forces killed three Libyans allegedly planning suicide bombings ahead of Christmas in a raid in the northern city of Mosul.
    (AFP, 12/20/10)

2010        Dec 21, Iraqi lawmakers unanimously approved a new government to be headed by incumbent Shiite PM Nouri al-Maliki, ending nine months of political deadlock that threatened to stall economic development and suck the country back into sectarian violence. They also adopted a 43-point program aimed at liberalizing the economy and fighting terrorism. Women made up a quarter of the 325-seat Parliament but were given only two ministries in the 44-member Cabinet, approved after a nine-month delay.
    (AP, 12/21/10)(AFP, 12/21/10)(AP, 12/23/10)

2010        Dec 22, In Iraq a large military operation targeting Al-Qaeda and their sleeper cells was launched overnight in Anbar province. 93 suspects were arrested, including 60 wanted men. Gunmen with silenced weapons raked the car of General Imad Hasham with gunfire in a Baghdad street, killing him and wounding his daughter. Gunmen also with silenced weapons shot and wounded police Lieutenant Colonel Majid Hamid as he was driving through the Amiriya area of Baghdad.
    (AFP, 12/23/10)

2010        Dec 23, In Iraq police patrol discovered the body of Barbaros Mohammed Habeeb, a member of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan, Iraqi President Jalal Talabani's party, in the disputed northern oil hub of Kirkuk. Security forces, searching for a young woman on suspicion she had ties to al-Qaida, raided her father's home outside Baqouba. During questioning Najim al-Anbaky told police he had killed his daughter, Shahlaa, a month earlier because he found out she intended to blow herself up in a suicide attack.
    (AFP, 12/23/10)(AP, 12/24/10)

2010        Dec 24, In Iraq a Shiite militia leader, his wife and three children were killed in a bomb attack on their home in Haswa, south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 12/24/10)

2010        Dec 27, In Iraq 2 suicide bombers blew themselves up, killing nine people at the government compound in Ramadi, the provincial capital of Anbar province. 43 people were injured by the blasts. 3 members of the same family were killed when a roadside bomb hit their car outside the town of Dujail, 50 miles (80km) north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 12/27/10)

2010        Dec 29, In Iraq 3 al-Qaida suicide bombers attacked a police building in Mosul, leveling the building and killing Lt. Col. Shamil al-Jabouri, the city's top commander. He had escaped at least five previous assassination attempts. On of the suicide bombers was shot dead before setting off his explosives belt.
    (AP, 12/29/10)

2010        Dec 30, In Iraq at least four Christian homes in Baghdad were hit in the first string of attacks since al-Qaida-linked militants last week renewed their threats of violence against Christians. 2 people were killed when a bomb exploded outside a Christian family's house in Baghdad's eastern neighborhood of al-Gahdir.
    (AP, 12/31/10)

2011        Jan 2, Across Iraq bomb and gun attacks killed at least 9 people, including six members of the Iraqi security forces and a city engineer. Two American soldiers were killed during operations in central Iraq.
    (AFP, 1/2/11)(AP, 1/3/11)(SFC, 1/3/11, p.A2)

2011        Jan 3, In Iraq a suicide bomber detonated an explosives-laden car in Baquba, killing 2 people with 16 wounded, many of them schoolgirls in a passing minibus. A policeman was killed in a drive-by shooting in Baghdad and a Christian woman was shot to death by armed men who broke into her house.
    (AP, 1/3/11)(SFC, 1/4/11, p.A3)

2011        Jan 5, Anti-American cleric Muqtada al-Sadr (36) returned to Iraq. He led several Shiite uprisings against American forces in Iraq before going into exile in neighboring Iran at least three years ago.
    (AP, 1/5/11)

2011        Jan 7, In Iraq unidentified gunmen killed a family of five in a predawn attack on a home in Hussainya, 25km northeast of Baghdad.
    (AP, 1/7/11)

2011        Jan 10, Iraqi fishermen killed a Kuwaiti coast guard member during a shootout in one of the more serious incidents between the neighboring countries in years. 4 Iraqi fishermen were then detained by Kuwaiti forces.
    (AP, 1/11/11)

2011        Jan 12, Kuwait's PM Sheikh Nasser Mohammad al-Ahmad al-Sabah received a red carpet welcome on his first visit since Iraq's 1990 invasion of its oil-rich neighbor. Both sides pledged to redouble efforts to resolve issues from that conflict.
    (AFP, 1/12/11)

2011        Jan 13, In Iraq NP Joe Biden emphasized to Iraqi leaders that the US wants nothing more than for Iraq to be a free and democratic country in a daylong visit that officials said would focus on the departure of American troops from the country. Three bombings near mosques in central and northern Baghdad killed two people. Gunmen also killed a jewelry shop owner.
    (AP, 1/13/11)(AFP, 1/13/11)

2011        Jan 14, In Iraq a dozen terror suspects disguised in police uniforms broke out of a jail in Basra, prompting a manhunt across the nation's south for what officials called a dangerous group of top-ranking insurgents linked to al-Qaida.
    (AP, 1/14/11)

2011        Jan 15, The prime ministers of Iraq and Syria agreed to boost cooperation in security and economic affairs during talks aimed at improving relations strained by Baghdad's allegations that the Syrians were harboring Iraqi insurgents.
    (AP, 1/15/11) 
2011        Jan 15, In Iraq 2 US troops were killed by an Iraqi soldier who apparently smuggled real bullets into a training exercise in Mosul and opened fire. The shooter was immediately killed by American soldiers. Another American soldier was killed during an unrelated military operation in central Iraq.
    (AP, 1/15/11)

2011        Jan 16, In Iraq a bomb planted near offices of the military wing of one of Iraq's dominant Shiite political parties exploded, killing one worker and wounding three people. The afternoon bomb followed two earlier explosions in Baghdad that police and health officials said wounded 10 people during the morning rush hour.
    (AP, 1/16/11)

2011        Jan 17, The governor of Iraq's western Anbar province survived at least a fourth assassination attempt in just over a year, escaping unharmed a suicide attack that left six people wounded in Ramadi. Tamim provincial Gov. Abdul-Rahman Mustafa said an electricity dispute with the central government has spurred him to cut the power supply to Baghdad emanating from his oil-rich region. A US soldier died in an incident in northern Iraq unrelated to combat.
    (AP, 1/17/11)

2011        Jan 18, In Iraq a suicide bomber blew himself up in a crowd of police recruits, killing at least 65 people in Tikrit.
    (AP, 1/18/11)(AP, 1/19/11)

2011        Jan 19, In Iraq a suicide attacker driving an explosives-packed ambulance crashed through the front gate of an Iraqi guard force headquarters in Baqouba, killing at least 13 people, wounding 74 and toppling a building. Another suicide bomber detonated an explosive-packed belt among a group of Shiite pilgrims walking to holy sites to observe a major religious ritual next week. 2 people were killed and 15 were injured.
    (AP, 1/19/11)(SFC, 1/20/11, p.A4)

2011        Jan 20, In Iraq 56 people were killed in triple suicide bombings at security checkpoints targeting pilgrims headed to the Shiite holy city of Karbala for rituals. As many as 175 people were believed to be wounded.
    (AP, 1/20/11)(AP, 1/21/11)

2011        Jan 21, Iraqi authorities announced the arrest of several suspects in the deadly suicide bombings outside Karbala that have provoked criticism of the security forces for not protecting the pilgrims flocking to the shrines. Police in Hillah arrested the local leader of a government-backed Sunni Muslim militia for planning the deadly bombings on Shiite pilgrims this week.
    (AP, 1/21/11)(AP, 1/22/11)

2011        Jan 23, In Iraq a flurry of morning bombs killed 10 people and wounded 34 around Baghdad. At least two car bombs exploded, apparently targeting police patrols, killing two policemen and a bystander, while two other people were killed when the offices of the government sewage department in downtown was bombed. Another bomb exploded as a bus of Iranian pilgrims drove by, killing one and injuring nine. In the town of Taji, a car bomb killed a farmer and his son heading to a nearby market. In the nearby town of Tarmiyah, a bomb planted outside a school went off, killing two young boys.
    (AP, 1/23/11)

2011        Jan 24, In Iraq 2 car bombs struck Shiite pilgrims in Karbala, killing at least 26 people as crowds massed for religious rituals marking the end of a 40-day mourning period for the Islamic sect's most beloved saint. 2 bombs in Baghdad killed an Iraqi Army intelligence officer and his driver and wounded 8 bystanders in separate strikes that hit a Shiite and a Sunni neighborhood. Unknown gunmen killed two members of a government-backed Sunni militia known as Awakening Councils, of Sahwa, as they were driving in their cars southwest of the city of Kirkuk. A roadside bomb exploded near Tikrit as Salahuddin provincial Gov. Ahmed Abdullah al-Jubouri's motorcade was driving by, wounding five of his bodyguards.
    (AP, 1/24/11)

2011        Jan 26, Iraq and Kuwait pledged to work toward resolving border disputes and debt issues as the two former enemies seek to repair relations damaged by Saddam Hussein's 1990 invasion of the oil-rich emirate.
    (AP, 1/26/11)

2011        Jan 27, In Iraq a car bomb ripped through a funeral tent in a mainly Shiite area of Baghdad, killing at least 51 people and prompting scuffles between police and Iraqis angry about security failures. 3 other Iraqis were killed in sporadic bombings targeting Iraqi troops and an electricity official earlier in the day.
    (AP, 1/27/11)(AP, 1/28/11)

2011        Feb 1, Human Rights Watch said elite Iraqi troops controlled by PM Nouri al-Maliki's office are holding prisoners at a secret jail and torturing inmates at another facility.
    (AP, 2/1/11)

2011        Feb 3, In Iraq the 8-year-old son of a local anti-terrorism chief was killed in a food market by gunmen aiming for his father in Tuz Khormato. A demonstration near the southern city of Diwaniyah left four people wounded when police fired into the air to disperse a crowd.
    (AP, 2/4/11)(AFP, 2/16/11)

2011        Feb 4, Iraq’s PM al-Maliki said that he’ll return half of his annual salary to the government’s treasury in a symbolic effort to narrow the gaps between the nation’s rich and poor. Iraqis seized on Egypt's unrest to protest what they call corruption in their own security forces, rampant unemployment and scant electricity and water supply.
    (SFC, 2/5/11, p.A2)(AP, 2/4/11)

2011        Feb 6, In Iraq protesters scuffled with riot police and marched along sewage-filled streets in demonstrations across the country to demand better utilities and job security from their government. In a press conference PM al-Maliki said he would increase monthly food rations for all Iraqis by about 15,000 Iraqi dinars, or about $12. He also rejected the use of violence against demonstrators.
    (AP, 2/6/11)

2011        Feb 9, In Iraq a suicide bomber posing as a dairy deliveryman struck a Kurdish security headquarters, setting off a series of rapid-fire attacks against the oil-rich Iraqi city of Kirkuk. Three car bombs killed 10 people and wounded up to 80. The attacks were blamed on Sunni militant group Ansar Al-Islam.
    (AP, 2/9/11)(AFP, 2/9/11)(SFC, 2/10/11, p.A2)

2011        Feb 10, In Iraq a car bomb killed 8 pilgrims on the road to the Shiite shrine in Samarra, a highly sensitive site still being rebuilt after a 2006 attack that sheered off its gleaming golden dome and engulfed the country in years of sectarian bloodshed. Iraqi lawyers called for the end of judicial corruption and prisoner abuse in a protest that was one of the biggest anti-government demonstrations in Iraq since the start of popular uprisings in Egypt and Tunisia.
    (AP, 2/10/11)

2011        Feb 12, In Iraq a suicide bomber blew himself up on a bus carrying Shiite pilgrims, killing 36 people on their way to the al-Askari mosque in Samarra that has been a flash point in Iraqi sectarian strife.
    (AP, 2/12/11)(AP, 2/13/11)

2011        Feb 15, In Iraq 4 people were killed in two bomb explosions today in a marketplace in Zafaraniyah. A policeman was killed when a bomb exploded outside his home in Baquba.
    (AFP, 2/15/11)

2011        Feb 16, A Iraqi teenager was killed when private guards shot at protesters who set fire to several government offices in Kut, the capital of Wasit province. 3 demonstrators were killed in Kut. Baghdad’s city government demanded that the US pay $1 billion and apologize for damage to the city caused by blast walls erected during the nearly 8-year long war.
    (AFP, 2/16/11)(AP, 2/17/11)(Econ, 3/5/11, p.54)

2011        Feb 17, In Iraq Kurdish security forces opened fire in Sulaimaniyah on a crowd of protesters surrounding the headquarters of the party affiliated with Kurdish President Massoud Barzani. Two people were killed and 54 injured. Hundreds of demonstrators massed in the southern city of Basra to demand the local governor's ouster. Protesters in Nasir stormed a local government building. Gunmen in a speeding car shot and killed a spokesman for the provincial government in the northern city of Mosul.
    (AP, 2/17/11)(AFP, 2/19/11)

2011        Feb 18, Iraqis demanding better public services, jobs and pensions blocked a bridge in the southern oil hub of Basra, as spreading Middle East unrest emboldens Iraqis to take on government officials over poor living standards.
    (AP, 2/18/11)

2011        Feb 19, In Iraq around 2,000 university students demonstrated in Sulaimaniyah province, demanding an apology from regional president Massud Barzani after protests earlier in the week left two dead. Ten protesters were wounded in clashes with Kurdish security forces.
    (AFP, 2/19/11)

2011        Feb 20, In Iraq gunmen burst into the Kurdish NRT television station in Sulaimaniyah, shooting up the equipment and setting fire to the building, apparently in retaliation for footage they aired earlier in the week of a deadly protest.
    (AP, 2/20/11)

2011        Feb 21, In Iraq a suicide attacker detonated a car bomb at a police station in Samarra, killing at least 12 police officers. Police and hospital officials in Sulaimaniyah said two protesters died, including a teenager, and 46 were wounded as a result of injuries sustained during overnight protests.
    (AP, 2/21/11)

2011        Feb 24, In Iraq a suicide bomber trying to assassinate the deputy head of the provincial council killed 11 people including 7 policemen and a bodyguard in Ramadi, Anbar province. Security forces killed al-Nasser Lideen Allah Abu Suleiman, the top military leader of an al-Qaida front group, surrounding his hideout and firing shots that blew up his booby-trapped getaway car in Hit, Anbar province. The Kurdish government sent thousands of its troops into positions around Kirkuk saying it feared that demonstrations planned for the next day could turn violent.
    (AP, 2/24/11)(AP, 2/25/11)(AP, 3/9/11)

2011        Feb 25, In Iraq thousands marched on government buildings and clashed with security forces in cities across the country, in the largest and most violent anti-government protests here since political unrest began spreading in the Arab world several weeks ago. The "Day of Rage" clashes between security forces and demonstrators in the city of Mosul and town of Hawija left 8 dead and dozens wounded. At least two people were killed and 14 others injured in riots in Anbar province. One person was killed in Tikrit and another in Kalar. In a bid to head off protests, Iraq slashed politicians' pay, increased food funds for the needy and delayed a planned law that would raise import tariffs and, thus, prices of goods in markets. 2 teens died of their injuries the next day. Altogether at least 19 people were killed.
     (AP, 2/25/11)(AFP, 2/25/11)(AP, 2/26/11)(SFC, 2/26/11, p.A4)

2011        Feb 26, In Iraq gunmen before dawn attacked the Baiji Refinery, Iraq's largest oil refinery, killing one engineer and forcing a shutdown that threatened to exacerbate acute electricity shortages that have prompted violent protests. The bodies of three protesters turned up in Kirkuk. Police said all three took part in a Feb 25 demonstration. They were shot in the head and their hands bound.
    (AP, 2/26/11)(SSFC, 2/27/11, p.A8)(AP, 3/8/11)

2011        Feb 28, Iraq's PM Nouri al-Maliki called for new provincial elections following anti-government protests that killed 14 people last week in a demonstration of the simmering anger many Iraqis feel at a government they say fails to provide basic services.
    (AP, 2/28/11)

2011        Mar 3, In Iraq a suicide bomber struck a group of soldiers collecting their paychecks in Haditha, killing eight people. Massoud Barzani asked the Kurdish parliament to study the possibility of early general elections in the Kurdish region. A spokeswoman said former PM Ayad Allawi, who led a political coalition heavily supported by Iraq's minority Sunnis, has turned down a position in the new government. The step could further marginalize Sunnis.
    (AP, 3/3/11)

2011        Mar 4, In Iraq thousands rallied across Baghdad and elsewhere in the country in anti-government demonstrations that defied security checkpoints and a vehicle ban that forced many to walk for hours to the heart of the capital.
    (AP, 3/4/11)

2011        Mar 6, In southern Iraq a roadside bomb killed six people and wounded 12 in the oil-rich city of Basra. A radio station in Kalar, called Voice, was vandalized. The independent station in the Kurdish region was established by two young journalists about two years ago.
    (AP, 3/6/11)

2011        Mar 11, In Iraq protesters gathered in Baghdad's Tahrir Square, one of at least four demonstrations in major Iraqi cities. The largest rally was in northern Kurdish city of Sulaimaniyah, with an estimated turnout of 4,000. Some protesters accused security forces of detaining and beating them for taking part in demonstrations calling for better services and a corruption-free government.
    (AP, 3/11/11)

2011        Mar 12, Iraq’s lawmakers tentatively agreed to cut their annual pay in half to $60,000 and reduce the salaries of top leaders in hopes of appeasing protesters. Gunmen ambushed 7 Iraqi soldiers as they were leaving work outside the northern city of Mosul, killing them and fleeing before they could be captured.
    (SSFC, 3/13/11, p.A4)(AP, 3/12/11)

2011        Mar 13, In Iraq 22 people, including 15 guards, were injured in a melee that started after officials found holes in the prison's steel fence and discovered an escape plan by inmates linked to al-Qaida in Salahuddin province. One inmate was killed by jumping off the roof in an effort to escape from prison during a riot.
    (AP, 3/14/11)

2011        Mar 14, In Iraq a suicide bomber blew up his booby-tapped car outside an army battalion headquarters, killing 10 soldiers and wounding 29 people in Kanan, Diyala province.
    (AP, 3/14/11)

2011        Mar 15, In northern Iraq 2 top Kurdish politicians resigned from local government in what appeared to be a political maneuver to challenge Arabs for control of the oil-rich city of Kirkuk.
    (AP, 3/15/11)

2011        Mar 16, An Iraqi court ordered the execution of an al-Qaida leader and five of his lieutenants for masterminding some of Baghdad's deadliest bombings. Munaf al-Rawi was convicted and sentenced to death for the attacks that included the August 2009 government ministry bombings that killed more than 100 people. A car bombing in Kirkuk killed three people, including a four-month old baby and the baby's mother.
    (AP, 3/16/11)

2011        Mar 18, In Iraq thousands of protesters rallied in mostly Shiite cities against what some are calling "sectarian attacks" by security forces against Shiite-led protesters in the Sunni-ruled kingdom of Bahrain.
    (AP, 3/18/11)

2011        Mar 21, The US military said an American soldier has died from wounds sustained from a roadside bomb attack during operations in southern Iraq.
    (AP, 3/21/11)

2011        Mar 29, In northern Iraq gunmen wearing military uniforms and suicide bomb belts stormed a government headquarters in Tikrit in an attempt to take hostages. At least 57 people were killed and 98 wounded. Among the dead was journalist Sabah al-Bazi, a correspondent for Al-Arabiya satellite TV channel and a freelancer for CNN.
    (AP, 3/29/11)(AP, 3/30/11)

2011        Apr 1, In Iraq a suicide bomber disguised as a street cleaner walked up to soldiers outside a mosque and blew himself up, killing two of the troops and a worshipper in Fallujah, a city that was once an al-Qaida hotbed. Hundreds of anti-government protesters rallied in Baghdad's Tahrir Square and in Sulaimaniyah, one of the three provinces of autonomous Kurdish region in Iraq's north, demanding better government services, an end to corruption and more jobs.
    (AP, 4/1/11)

2011        Apr 2, In southern Iraq 2 US soldiers were killed in a rocket attack that struck their unit.
    (AP, 4/3/11)

2011        Apr 3, In northern Iraq an American soldier died in a non-combat incident.
    (AP, 4/4/11)

2011        Apr 4, Iraq handed over the remains of 17 Iranian soldiers killed in the grinding war between the two countries throughout the 1980s. The two governments signed an agreement in October 2008 to find tens of thousands of fighters still missing after the war.
    (AP, 4/4/11)
2011        Apr 4, In Iraq gunmen killed six people sleeping in their home in Youssifiyah, an area south of Baghdad that remains an al-Qaida stronghold. An Iraqi army patrol hit a roadside bomb near the northeast Iraqi city of Kirkuk, killing one soldier and wounding two others. An American soldier died in a noncombat incident in central Iraq.
    (AP, 4/5/11)

2011        Apr 5, Iraq's environment ministry says the war-plagued country has an estimated 25 percent of the world's unexploded land mines, making it one of the most contaminated. Most of the land mines were left behind from the 1980-88 Iran-Iraq war, when Saddam Hussein's regime planted them in the desert near the border. There are no existing maps to show where they are located.
    (AP, 4/5/11)

2011        Apr 8, Iraqi forces stormed an Iranian exile camp that Iraq's Shiite-dominated government has tried to close for years. Both sides reported casualties in the raid. A hospital official in Baqouba said 10 people were killed and 16 wounded in the clashes. A UN spokesman later said the Iraqi army raid on Camp Ashraf left 34 Iranian exiles dead. Iraqi officials said three died.
    (AP, 4/8/11)(AP, 4/14/11)(Reuters, 6/18/11)

2011        Apr 9, In northern Iraq an American soldier died in a non-hostile incident.
    (AP, 4/10/11)

2011        Apr 11, In central Iraqi bombings in two cities killed at least 10 people, with twin blasts near a school and market in a former insurgent stronghold leaving six dead.
    (AP, 4/11/11)
2011        Apr 11, Iraq’s government voted to shut down a camp of Iranian dissidents and move them out of the country by year’s end, but not back to Iran.
    (SFC, 4/12/11, p.A2)

2011        Apr 12, In Iraq bombings in a town west of Baghdad killed five people, including three family members of Ahmed Jassim, a former pro-government Sunni fighter.
    (AP, 4/12/11)

2011        Apr 14, In Iraq roadside bombs killed three people, including 2 policemen, at a market in Mahmoudiya.
    (AP, 4/14/11)

2011        Apr 16, In Iraq gunmen late at night stormed the home of a Shiite family living in a mostly Sunni neighborhood of Baghdad and killed all four family members.
    (AP, 4/17/11)

2011        Apr 17, Iraqi police opened fire on stone-throwing crowds protesting corruption in the northern Kurdish region. At least 35 people were wounded.
    (SFC, 4/18/11, p.A2) 

2011        Apr 18, In Iraq suicide bombers detonated two explosives-packed cars outside Baghdad's heavily fortified Green Zone, killing at least 9 people and wounding 23. Two carloads of robbers stormed two jewelry shops in Baghdad's eastern al-Amin area, sparking a shootout with police. A shop owner and a customer were killed. Police also shot dead one of the robbers before the attackers fled with a bag of gold and gems. Gunmen stormed a house in Kirkuk, a northern, ethnically mixed city, killing 3 Shiite Arab women who had recently moved there.
    (AP, 4/18/11)(AP, 4/19/11)

2011        Apr 19, In Iraq a senior Education Ministry official was killed by a bomb that was hidden on his car in Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/19/11)

2011        Apr 21, An Iraqi court sentenced three members of Saddam Hussein's regime to death for their involvement in the assassination of a Saddam opponent, Shiite dissident Talib al-Suhail, in 1994. The court acquitted Tariq Aziz, who has already been sentenced to death for persecuting members of Shiite religious parties under the former regime.
    (AP, 4/21/11)

2011        Apr 22, In southern Iraq two American soldiers were killed while conducting operations.
    (AP, 4/23/11)

2011        Apr 23, A Kurdish protester (28) died of gunshot wounds, becoming the tenth person killed in more than two months of rallies in Iraq's northern autonomous region. Hardi Farukh was wounded by a bullet to the head during demonstrations on April 18 in Sulaimaniyah.
    (AFP, 4/23/11)

2011        Apr 24, In Iraq a bomb exploded outside the entrance of a Baghdad church injuring at least 7 people.
    (AP, 4/24/11)
2011        Apr 24, Iran and Iraq signed agreements to return each others' detainees, which could lead to the forced repatriation of an Iranian opposition group based in Iraq.
    (AP, 4/25/11)

2011        Apr 27, In southern Iraq a US soldier died in a non-combat related incident.
    (AP, 4/28/11)

2011        Apr 28, In northern Iraq a car bomb explosion killed a police officer and three of his guards in Hawija. A suicide bomber blew himself up in a Shiite mosque in Balad Ruz.
    (AP, 4/28/11)(SFC, 4/29/11, p.A2)

2011        Apr 29, In Iraq attacks around the country killed six people, including the 8-year-old daughter of an imam who preached against violence and three brothers who fought al-Qaida. In southern Iraq an American soldier was killed while conducting military operations.
    (AP, 4/29/11)(AP, 4/30/11)

2011        Apr 30, Two Iraqi lawmakers said parliament has approved a $400 million settlement to Americans who claim they were abused by Saddam Hussein. A judge, his wife and daughter were killed when their house in Taji was blown up.
    (AP, 4/30/11)

2011        May 3, In Iraq a car bomb tore through a cafe packed with young men watching a football match in Baghdad, killing at least 16 people. Earlier in the day a police colonel in northern Iraq was killed by a roadside bomb.
    (AP, 5/4/11)

2011        May 5, In central Iraq a suicide car bomber rammed his explosive-packed vehicle into a barrier outside a police building in Hillah, killing 20 police officers and wounding dozens more. At least four other people were killed in scattered violence around the country.
    (AP, 5/5/11)

2011        May 7, In Iraq thieves armed with guns fixed with silencers stormed a currency exchange company in Baqouba, killing five people, and detonated a bomb to fend off pursuing police. The assailants managed to make off with four billion Iraqi dinars, about $3.4 million. Nine people were wounded including four policemen when a sticky bomb attached to a civilian car exploded near a checkpoint in Baghdad's southern Dora area.
    (AP, 5/7/11)

2011        May 8, In Iraq Abu Huthaifa al-Battawi, the man accused of masterminding an attack on a Baghdad church last year, wrestled a gun from a guard at a detention facility, freed his comrades and launched an hours-long assault that ended with 17 people dead, including a top counterterrorism officer. A group of the detainees, including al-Battawi, managed to seize a car and were driving toward the gate of the compound when a guard opened killed them with a machine gun.
    (AP, 5/8/11)

2011        May 13, In Iraq more than 500 protesters gathered in downtown Baghdad, demanding better government services and more jobs.
    (AP, 5/13/11)

2011        May 15, In Iraq gunmen broke into a house and fatally shot a family of three as they slept in Baghdad’s mixed Sunni-Shiite neighborhood of Baiyaa. Separately, mortar rounds struck in central Baghdad, killing two.
    (AP, 5/15/11)

2011        May 16, In Iraq two members of the security forces were killed and two Norwegian contractors injured in attacks in Baghdad, part of a recent uptick in violence as US troops prepare to leave the country by year's end.
    (AP, 5/16/11)

2011        May 19, In Iraq twin bombs that lured policemen out of their fortified headquarters in Kirkuk killed 27 people, most of them police officers. A third bomb, planted on a road, set cars and trucks ablaze when it exploded about 550 yards (500 m) away, targeting a police patrol near a mosque wounding eight people.
    (AP, 5/19/11)

2011        May 21, In northern Iraq violence in the disputed  province of Kirkuk left five people dead, just two days after a string of anti-police attacks in the region killed 29.
    (AP, 5/21/11)

2011        May 22, In Iraq a rapid-fire series of explosions in and around Baghdad killed 20 people, including 10 people who died when a suicide bomber blew himself up in a crowd of police officers in Taji. 2 US soldiers were killed by a bomb near Camp Victory. In the northern city of Kirkuk, police found the dead body of a man believed to be in his late 20s. The man's hands were tied behind his back and he was killed execution-style with a bullet to the back of his head.
    (AP, 5/22/11)(SFC, 5/23/11, p.A3)
2011        May 22, The last of Britain's military forces in Iraq pulled up anchor, ending more than eight years of fighting militants and training security forces since invading in 2003.
    (AP, 5/22/11)

2011        May 23, Iraq's Electricity Ministry spokesman said a five-year plan with Iran will let Iraq buy 25 million cubic meters of natural gas each day to feed two power plants in northeastern suburbs of Baghdad, one built by Iran and the other by South Korea's Hyundai conglomerate.
    (AP, 5/23/11)
2011        May 23, In Iraq two bomb blasts targeting security forces in Kirkuk and Baghdad killed two people and wounded 20, underscoring instability. PM Nouri al-Maliki insisted that security forces have been mostly successful in curbing insurgent attacks.
    (AP, 5/23/11)

2011        May 25, In Iraq 4 people were killed in the explosion of a bomb in a parked car in a Sunni neighborhood of southwestern Baghdad.
    (AP, 5/25/11)

2011        May 26, In Iraq tens of thousands of militiamen and followers of anti-American cleric Muqtada al-Sadr led a massive rally, marching in Baghdad in a show of force as Iraqi leaders weigh whether to keep US troops in the country beyond the end of the year. A suicide bomber struck an Iraqi army patrol in western Baghdad, killing four soldiers and wounding 11 others. Ali al-Lami, a Shiite who was responsible for purging loyalists of deposed ruler Saddam Hussein, was fatally shot by gunmen while driving his car. He was often accused of working with neighboring Shiite Iran to sideline Sunnis from power and re-ignite sectarian tensions. On June 17 an al-Qaida-linked group in Iraq claimed responsibility for the killing of al-Lami.
    (AP, 5/26/11)(AP, 5/27/11)(AP, 6/17/11)

2011        May 28, A senior Iraqi intelligence officer said security forces have arrested a Sunni insurgent who confessed to involvement in attacks that killed 70 people, including nearly two dozen at a wedding in 2006.
    (AP, 5/28/11)

2011        May 29, In Iraq a roadside bomb planted outside a suburban liquor shop west of Baghdad killed an Iraqi soldier and a firefighter as security forces tried to extinguish a blaze from explosions minutes earlier.
    (AP, 5/29/11)

2011        May 31, Iraqi authorities said that they've arrested a man suspected in the May 26 killing of Ali al-Lami, a prominent Shiite official who was responsible for purging loyalists of deposed ruler Saddam Hussein. The official was once implicated in a bombing that killed Americans.
    (AP, 5/31/11)

2011        Jun 2, In Iraq a series of bombings ripped through the capital of western Anbar province, killing nine people. New York-based Human Rights Watch said Iraq's central government and regional Kurdish leaders are beating and illegally detaining protesters to try to stop demonstrations calling for reforms.
    (AP, 6/2/11)(AP, 6/3/11)

2011        Jun 3, In Iraq a suicide bomber detonated explosives at a Sunni mosque during Friday prayers, killing 16 people, including a police commander and a judge in Tikrit. Victims were taken to a hospital. Another suicide bomber walked into the hospital and blew himself up near the emergency room, where family members had gathered, killing 5 more people.
    (AP, 6/3/11)

2011        Jun 6, In Iraq five members of the US military who were serving as advisors to the Iraqi security police, were killed by a rocket attack on their residence in Baghdad. This was the worst single-day loss of life for American troops in Iraq in two years. Kataib Hezbollah claimed responsibility for the rocket attack.
            (AP, 6/6/11)(AP, 6/30/11)

2011        Jun 11, In northern Iraq two car bombs killed 6 people and wounded 52 in Mosul. A separate attack in Tikrit killed the 3 sons and a daughter of a  school teacher. A human rights activist was killed in Baghdad.    
            (AP, 6/11/11)(SSFC, 6/19/11, p.A4)

2011        Jun 13, In Iraq two American soldiers were killed.
    (SFC, 6/15/11, p.A4)

2011        Jun 14, In Iraq PM al-Maliki linked assassinations of security officials to his own government and said a militia of more than 400 men had been set up within the Interior Ministry. At least 8 people were killed after gunmen stormed a local council office in Baquba, Diyala province.
    (SFC, 6/16/11, p.A3)(SFC, 6/15/11, p.A4)

2011        Jun 16, An Iraqi court sentenced 15 alleged al-Qaida members to death for their role in the 2006 wedding party massacre of 70 people, considered one of the most horrific attacks carried out by Sunni-led militants during the insurgency.
    (AP, 6/16/11)

2011        Jun 17, In Iraq hundreds rallied in Baghdad's Tahrir Square in dueling pro- and anti-government demonstrations.
    (AP, 6/17/11)

2011        Jun 20, In Iraq a roadside bomb exploded next to a French Embassy convoy traveling through downtown Baghdad, wounding seven Iraqis. Nearly an hour later, a parked car bomb targeted a passing police patrol in the northeastern Shaab neighborhood, killing one policeman and wounding four others.
    (AP, 6/20/11)

2011        Jun 21, In Iraq suicide bombers detonated two explosives-laden vehicles near a government compound by Diwaniyah Gov. Salim Hussein Alwan’s home, killing at least 27 people and wounding dozens. In Baghdad, a bomb attached to a minibus killed the driver while the bus was traveling in the capital's western Harithiya neighborhood. Two soldiers were killed and five other people were wounded when a roadside bomb hit an Iraqi army patrol in Baghdad's eastern Palestine Street.
    (AP, 6/21/11)(SFC, 6/22/11, p.A3)
2011        Jun 21, Iraqi Kurdistan approved a draft law banning female genital mutilation by the regional government. The Family Violence Bill has to be ratified by the regional president, Massud Barzani.
    (AFP, 7/26/11)

2011        Jun 22, Iraqi lawmakers said they are trying to figure out what happened to about $17 billion that was supposed to be used for reconstruction. Gunmen attacked an Iranian oil delegation visiting Baghdad. A series of attacks in Baghdad during rush hour left one person dead and 30 others wounded.
    (AP, 6/22/11)(Reuters, 6/22/11)
2011        Jun 22, Iraq said it would donate 10 million dollars in disaster relief to Japan and offered oil sales, as Tokyo struggles with the devastation of a March 11 tsunami.
    (AFP, 6/22/11)

2011        Jun 23, In Iraq 3 bombs ripped through Shiite neighborhoods in Baghdad, killing 24 people in the worst violence the capital has seen in months. An American civilian aid specialist working to improve education in Iraq was killed in a separate attack.
    (AP, 6/24/11)(AFP, 6/26/11)
2011        Jun 23, In Iraq Hasna Ali Yahya, the Yemeni wife of Abu Ayyub al-Masri, was convicted and sentenced to 20 years in prison on terrorism-related charges.
    (AP, 6/26/11)

2011        Jun 24, French junior transport minister Thierry Mariani said French engineering group Alstom is in exclusive talks to build a high-speed rail line between Baghdad and Basra in Iraq.
    (AFP, 6/24/11)

2011        Jun 25, In Iran Pakistani Pres. Asif Ali Zardari and his Afghan counterpart Hamid Karzai attended an international anti-terrorism conference alongside Sudan's Pres. Omar al-Bashir, Iraqi Pres. Jalal Talabani and Tajik Pres. Emomali Rahmon. The presidents of Afghanistan, Iran and Pakistan agreed to join forces in combating militancy.
    (AP, 6/25/11)(AFP, 6/25/11)

2011        Jun 26, In Iraq a suicide bomber in a wheelchair blew himself up at the entrance to a police station in Tarmiyah, 50 km (30 miles) north of Baghdad, killing 3 people and wounding 18 others. An American soldier died in southern Iraq in an incident that was not related to combat.  On July 19 the Islamic State of Iraq said in a statement posted on its website that it was behind the suicide bombing in Tarmiyah.
    (AFP, 6/26/11)(AP, 6/27/11)(SFC, 6/27/11, p.A2)(AP, 7/19/11)

2011        Jun 29, An Iraqi judiciary official said a Baghdad court has handed a life jail sentence to the widow of Abu Omar al-Baghdadi, Al-Qaeda's top chief in Iraq, who was killed last year in a joint US-Iraqi military raid. A rocket attack on a US base near the border with Iran killed three American soldiers. The strike was blamed on a Shiite militia linked to Tehran.
    (AP, 6/29/11)(AP, 6/30/11)

2011        Jun 30, In northern Iraqi two police officers were killed in a late night ambush at a fake checkpoint in Wana.
    (AP, 7/1/11)

2011        Jun, UN Statistics Division said 70 territories would be holding censuses in 2011. Only Iraq, Lebanon, Myanmar, Somalia, Uzbekistan and Western Sahara would fail to hold a count in this ten-year round.
    (Econ, 6/4/11, p.71)

2011        Jul 1, In central Iraq the Al-Ahdab oil field, operated by China National Petroleum Corp, began production with 60,000 barrels per day. The contract with CNPC, signed in 2008, allows the Chinese company to develop the field for 23 years.
    (AFP, 7/1/11)

2011        Jul 3, In Iraq gunmen wearing police uniforms kidnapped and killed five Iraqi policemen in Anbar province, a former insurgent stronghold west of Baghdad.
    (AP, 7/3/11)

2011        Jul 4, In Iraq several insurgent attacks around the country killed seven people and wounded 14. A late night rocket attack on Baghdad's heavily fortified Green Zone killed four people and wounded 10.
    (AP, 7/4/11)

2011        Jul 5, In Iraq double blasts from a car bomb and a roadside bombing at a parking lot outside the Taji city council building north of Baghdad killed 37 people with 54 wounded. On July 19 the Islamic State of Iraq said in a statement posted on its website that it was behind the double bombings in Taji.
    (AP, 7/5/11)(SFC, 7/6/11, p.A2)(AP, 7/19/11)

2011        Jul 6, In Iraq two police officers were killed in a suicide bombing outside a car dealership in al-Hedaid, just outside Baqouba, Diyala province. Authorities uncovered a mass grave with 900 corpses near the central city of Diwaniyah, believed to be Kurds killed during the rule of ousted dictator Saddam Hussein.
    (AP, 7/6/11)(AFP, 7/6/11)

2011        Jul 7, In Iraq a roadside bomb killed 2 US soldiers outside the main American military base in Baghdad.
    (SFC, 7/8/11, p.A2)

2011        Jul 8, In Iraq a roadside bombing west of Baghdad killed two Iraqi army officers.
    (AP, 7/8/11)

2011        Jul 11, In Iraq 3 rockets slammed into Baghdad's heavily-fortified Green Zone, wounding a woman and her children, officials said, as US Defence Secretary Leon Panetta began the second day of a visit to press Iraqi leaders on security.
    (AFP, 7/11/11)

2011        Jul 12, In Iraq a suicide bomber killed five members of a government-backed Sunni militia at a security checkpoint just outside Baghdad in the western suburb of Abu Ghraib.
    (AP, 7/12/11)

2011        Jul 15, In southern Iraq a US soldier was killed while conducting military operations.
    (AP, 7/16/11)

2011        Jul 16, In Iraq a bomb, hidden in an empty rickshaw, blew up near Shiite pilgrims headed to the holy city of Karbala, killing two people and wounding 26. In Baghdad, a bomb in a minibus parked outside a restaurant and nightclub in the Karradah neighborhood killed three passers-by and wounded at least nine. Pediatrician Safi Harzan (48) was freed in a village south of Kirkuk after spending three weeks in captivity after his family paid $500,000 to kidnappers.
    (AP, 7/16/11)(AFP, 7/17/11)

2011        Jul 17, In Iraq a roadside bomb targeting a security patrol killed one policeman and a passer-by in western Baghdad. An American soldier died in Iraq in a noncombat incident.
    (AP, 7/17/11)(AP, 7/18/11)
2011        Jul 17, Several Iranian Kurdish rebels based in Iraq were wounded in hours of clashes with Tehran's forces along the two countries' border.
    (AFP, 7/17/11)

2011        Jul 18, Iran’s state news said Revolutionary Guard forces have taken control of three bases of an Iranian Kurdish opposition group in neighboring Iraq and that "a large number" of members of the Iranian Kurdish opposition group PEJAK have been killed in fierce ongoing clashes over the past two days. PEJAK claimed to have killed 53 Iranian soldiers and wounded 43 while only two PEJAK members were killed and seven wounded in clashes.
    (AP, 7/18/11)

2011        Jul 22, In Iraq separate bomb and gun attacks killed five policemen and wounded 17 other people in Baghdad and Baquba.
    (AFP, 7/22/11)

2011        Jul 24, An Iraqi anti-terrorism official said security forces have smashed an Al-Qaeda network allegedly responsible for more than 100 killings in Baghdad, including attacks on Oct 31, 2010, May 8 and May 26 this year. The network consisted of 16 militants and had been led by Wissam Yasin Alwan, also known as Abu Samir, who committed suicide last week when police tried to arrest him in central Baghdad's Baab al-Muadham district.
    (AFP, 7/24/11)

2011        Jul 25, Iranian forces shelled suspected rebel outposts in Iraq's semiautonomous Kurdish region, killing two Iraqi civilians.
    (AP, 7/25/11)

2011        Jul 28, In Iraq a suicide bomber and a car bomb struck an Iraqi bank in Tikrit where policemen were picking up their paychecks, killing 12 and wounding 34 people. An Iraqi Kurd boy (10) was killed in shelling by Tehran's forces of Iranian Kurdish separatist bases in Battas, northern Iraq.
    (AP, 7/28/11)(AP, 7/29/11)

2011        Jul 30, A US-Iraqi raid north of Baghdad killed tribal sheikh Hamid Hassan and two of his family members. Local leaders branded the attack as a "massacre" of civilians. Hassan (65) was the leader of a branch of the Rufayat tribe.
    (AFP, 7/30/11)

2011        Aug 2, In Iraq a car bomb outside the Syrian Catholic church in Kirkuk wounded 23 people. Police discovered two more car bombs parked outside the Christian Anglican church and the Mar Gourgis church, both in downtown Kirkuk. Unidentified gunmen evening shot dead Iraqi army Lieutenant Colonel Azad Mohammed Ahmed in the Khadra area in the south of Kirkuk while he was driving to his house with one of his guards. 2 members of an anti-Qaeda tribal militia, the Sahwa, which turned against Al-Qaeda and sided with the US military from late 2006, were shot dead north of the city of Baquba by unknown gunmen. Successive bombings targeting an alcohol shop on Baghdad's western outskirts killed 2 policemen at the beginning of the holy Muslim fasting month of Ramadan.
    (AP, 8/2/11)(AP, 8/3/11)

2011        Aug 3, An Iraqi policeman was killed by an improvised explosive device (IED) in the Al-Rusafa prison complex. The interior ministry said 3 Iraqi translators wounded and that two US soldiers were killed. A spokesman for US forces said that there was an IED attack in the Rusafa area, but that it did not result in any US casualties.
    (AP, 8/3/11)

2011        Aug 5, In Iraq 4 prisoners and a guard were killed in clashes at a prison in the central city of Hilla, during which 8 inmates escaped.
    (AP, 8/6/11)

2011        Aug 7, In Iraq insurgents killed at least two people and wounded 11 in an  overnight bomb attack on the home of a Shiite family in the mainly Sunni town of Iskandiriyah.
    (AFP, 8/7/11)

2011        Aug 11, In Iraq the criminal court of Salaheddin issued a death sentence for a lieutenant colonel, the former deputy commander of an oil protection unit in Salaheddin province, for smuggling 116 tankers of kerosene, saying he aimed to "finance terrorism" with proceeds from the kerosene sales. 2 roadside bombs went off in Ramadi killing 3 people. 24 people were wounded in the attack, which appeared to target worshippers as they came out of a mosque.
    (AFP, 8/11/11)(AP, 8/12/11)

2011        Aug 13, In Iraq bombings and shootings, including an attack near cafes and ice cream shops, killed five Iraqis and wounded 14 in Baghdad and Al-Baghdadi, Anbar province.
    (AP, 8/13/11)

2011        Aug 14, In Iraq a pair of bombs hit an Iraqi army patrol in north Baghdad, killing five security personnel and injuring 10 other people.
    (AP, 8/14/11)

2011        Aug 15, In Iraq bomb blasts ripped through more than a dozen Iraqi cities, killing at least 89 security forces and civilians in the worst attack this year. 7 explosions went off in different towns in Diyala province alone. In Kut a bomb went off in a freezer used to keep drinks cold. As rescuers and onlookers gathered, a parked car bomb exploded killing 35 people with 64 injured. Gunmen wearing military uniforms pulled seven people from a Sunni mosque in Youssifiyah and then shot and killed them execution-style. After the killings, the gunmen shouted they were fighters from the Islamic State of Iraq, a front group for al-Qaida in Iraq.
    (AP, 8/15/11)(AP, 8/16/11)(SFC, 8/16/11, p.A2)(Econ, 8/20/11, p.44)

2011        Aug 17, In Turkey Kurdish PKK rebels ambushed a military convoy in Cukurca township near the border with Iraq killing 9 soldiers. Officials vowed strong military retaliation. Turkey's air force attacked 60 suspected Kurdish rebel targets in northern Iraq. The military it vowed to continue the assault until the guerrilla group is "rendered ineffective."
    (AP, 8/17/11)(AP, 8/18/11)(Econ, 8/27/11, p.43)

2011        Aug 18, In southern Turkey the PKK attacked police and military stations in simultaneous overnight rocket strikes in Siirt province, killing two soldiers and wounding three civilians. Turkey's air force attacked 28 suspected Kurdish rebel targets in northern Iraq, in a second day of cross-border strikes in retaliation for stepped up attacks by the guerrillas.
    (AP, 8/19/11)

2011        Aug 19, Al-Qaida in Iraq vowed to carry out "100 attacks" across the country, starting in the middle of the Muslim holy month of Ramadan, to exact revenge for the death of Osama bin Laden. Aug 15 marked the middle of Ramadan.
    (AP, 8/20/11)
2011        Aug 19, Turkey's military hit 85 rebel targets with artillery fire. Warplanes bombed 20 suspected Kurdish rebel targets in northern Iraq in a third day of cross-border strikes.
    (AP, 8/20/11)

2011        Aug 21, Turkish airstrikes on suspected rebel targets in northern Iraq killed seven Iraqi civilians, including five children and a woman, in an attack on Kortak mountain. Police used tear gas and pepper spray to disperse Kurdish protesters who tried to march to a main square in Istanbul to denounce the Turkish raids. In demonstrators marched to protest the PKK.
    (AP, 8/21/11)

2011        Aug 23, Turkey's military said air strikes on suspected Kurdish rebel targets in northern Iraq this week have killed an estimated 90 to 100 guerrillas and warned that it would press ahead with offensives against the group both inside Turkey and across the border.
    (AP, 8/23/11)

2011        Aug 24, Across Iraq 12 people, among them six policemen, were killed and 14 others wounded in a series of attacks.
    (AFP, 8/24/11)

2011        Aug 27, In Iraq 24 people, all but one of them women and children, were killed when a bus caught fire after being hit by a car in the northern city of Kirkuk. 3 more people were killed in the car.
    (AFP, 8/27/11)(SSFC, 8/28/11, p.A6)
2011        Aug 27, National carrier Egyptair resumed direct flights to Iraq after a break of 21 years.
    (AFP, 8/27/11)

2011        Aug 28, In Iraq a pair of bombs killed 2 people and wounded 5 in Shiite Muslim areas of Baghdad. A suicide bomber killed 29 people at Baghdad's largest Sunni mosque. He had disguised himself as an injured beggar and attended prayers there for nearly a week.
    (AP, 8/28/11)(AP, 8/29/11)
2011        Aug 28, Nechirvan Barzani, deputy chief of the most powerful political party in Iraq's autonomous Kurdish region, called on separatist groups in the area to lay down their arms in an interview published.
    (AFP, 8/28/11)

2011        Aug 31, In Iraq car bomb parked outside a shopping area in southwestern Baghdad killed 5 people and wounded 22.
    (AP, 8/31/11)

2011        Sep 1, In Iraq 35 terror suspects tunneled their way out of a detention facility in northern Ninevah province. 21 were quickly recaptured. Within days police arrested two fugitive prisoners and found four others drowned.
    (AP, 9/1/11)(AFP, 9/4/11)

2011        Sep 3, A young Kurdish shepherd was killed by an Iranian sniper on the Iraq-Iran border. Iran also shelled the border area, appearing to target bases of the Iranian Kurdish rebel group PEJAK, which has been involved in sporadic cross-border clashes with Iranian forces in recent years.
    (AP, 9/3/11)

2011        Sep 5, Iran said its Revolutionary Guard soldiers have killed at least 30 members of Kurdish opposition group in fighting outside the border city of Sardasht in an operation that began on Sep 2. Inside Iraq a PEJAK spokesman declared an immediate, unilateral cease-fire, which Iran rejected.
    (AP, 9/5/11)

2011        Sep 6, In Iraq gunmen ambushed and killed 9 government soldiers as they were returning to base after a midnight shift in Anbar province. US authorities informed PM Nouri al-Maliki that the American military withdrawal has officially begun. Under a 2008 agreement between Washington and Baghdad, all US troops are slated to leave by Dec 31, 2011.
    (AP, 9/6/11)(SFC, 9/7/11, p.A3)

2011        Sep 8, Iraqi journalist Hadi al-Mehdi (30), was shot by gunmen using silenced pistols in his Baghdad home. He (al-Mahdi) had criticized the government and helped organize pro-reform protests.
    (AP, 9/9/11)(Econ, 4/6/13, p.58)

2011        Sep 10, In Iraq gunmen attacked an army patrol, opening fire from speeding cars in the Bab al-Muadham area of Baghdad. 3 soldiers were killed in the attack.
    (AP, 9/10/11)

2011        Sep 11, Iraq's autonomous Kurdistan region halted crude exports, nearly a week after it rejected a new oil and gas law approved by the central government.
    (AFP, 9/11/11)

2011        Sep 12, Iraq's former anti-corruption chief, Rahim Hassan al-Uqailee (44), slammed the nation’s leaders, describing graft as "part of the struggle for power" in what international monitors say is one of the world's most corrupt countries. 22 Shiite pilgrims were executed by gunmen who hijacked their bus at a fake checkpoint in Anbar province.
    (AFP, 9/12/11)(AP, 9/13/11)

2011        Sep 14, In Iraq attacks on Iraqi security forces killed over 20 people and wounded more than 50 across the country. This included 16 people killed and 46 wounded by a car bomb in the southern town of al-Shumali, Babel province.
    (AP, 9/14/11)(SFC, 9/15/11, p.A3)

2011        Sep 15, Iraq’s anti-graft watchdog published a statement, made public on Sep 17, saying Iraq has recovered $116 million from bank accounts in France belonging to an official from ex-dictator Saddam Hussein's regime.
    (AFP, 9/17/11)

2011        Sep 16, In Iraq thousands of Al-Sadr followers rallied for more jobs and government aid in demonstrations that showed his support among Shiites. Al-Sadr has repeatedly demanded full withdrawal of US troops by the end of the year, as required under a 2008 security agreement between Baghdad and Washington. 41 experts, former lawmakers and top officials in the administration of former President George W. Bush called on Obama to keep far more than 4,000 troops in Iraq, a figure the White House is reportedly considering.
    (AP, 9/16/11)

2011        Sep 19, In Iraq 8 inmates were killed in an early morning fire at Interior Ministry jail in Baladiyat, a mostly Shiite neighborhood in eastern Baghdad.
    (AP, 9/19/11)

2011        Sep 20, In Iraq 2 suicide bombers blew themselves up in front of a government office in Ramadi, Anbar province, killing four people and wounding eight others.
    (AP, 9/19/11)

2011        Sep 23, In Iraq five people were killed in a series of blasts in western Baghdad.
    (AP, 9/23/11)

2011        Sep 25, In Iraq a series of 4 blasts killed at least 10 people and wounded scores more in what a local official called a sectarian strike on Karbala, whose residents are still reeling from being targeted in a deadly bus hijacking in a Sunni region earlier this month.
    (AP, 9/25/11)

2011        Sep 26, In northern Iraq roadside bomb killed 3 people in Kirkuk. Gunmen in Baghdad assassinated a senior finance ministry official and wounded a senior judge. Army Brig. Gen. Talib Balaasim was killed in a drive-by shooting in western Baghdad. On May 15, 2012, bodyguards of Vice President Tariq al-Hashemi testified that al-Hashemi told them to kill Balaasim and paid $3,000 for the job.
    (AP, 9/26/11)(SFC, 9/27/11, p.A2)(AP, 5/16/12)

2011        Sep 27, In Iraq a late night car bomb killed three people and wounding 10 others near a popular restaurant in a Shiite neighborhood in southwestern Baghdad.
    (AP, 9/28/11)

2011        Sep 28, In Abu Ghraib, Iraq, gunmen wearing military-style uniforms broke into the house of Hameed al-Zobaie, a pro-government Sunni militiaman, and killed five members of his family, including three children.
    (AP, 9/28/11)

2011        Sep 29, In Iraq a suicide bomber detonated his explosives-packed truck outside a bank in Kirkuk killed at least two people.
    (AFP, 9/29/11)

2011        Sep 30, In central Iraq a car bomb ripped through a funeral procession near a mosque in Babil province, killing at least 10 people. Three people were killed, including a policeman, in multiple attacks in the restive province of Diyala. In Baghdad a roadside bomb targeting a shop selling birds in the Zafraniyah neighborhood killed at least one person.
    (AP, 9/31/11)

2011        Oct 2, In Iraq two roadside bombs killed four anti-al-Qaida Sunni militiamen In Mishahda 30 km north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/2/11)

2011        Oct 3, In Iraq 4 insurgents disguised as police officers seized control of a police station in western Anbar province, taking dozens of hostages and killing four of them before Iraqi forces swept in and ended the standoff. 2 insurgents blew themselves up and 2 were killed by police. Gunmen tried to attack another police station about 10 miles (16 km) away, but were repulsed. Security forces killed two insurgents and arrested another three.
    (AP, 10/3/11)

2011        Oct 4, Iraqi leaders said that they need US military trainers to stay beyond a year-end deadline for American forces to leave but that the troops should not be granted immunity from prosecution.
    (AP, 10/5/11)

2011        Oct 5, In Iraq gunmen killed two people and injured three while robbing gold shops in southwestern Baghdad. A car bomb exploded next to a police patrol in western Anbar province, killing one policeman.
    (AP, 10/5/11)

2011        Oct 8, Production at Iraq's biggest oil field was partially halted after two bombs at the Rumaila field damaged a pipeline transporting crude. Iraq currently produces around 2.9 million bpd, and says it will be capable of output of 12 million by 2017.
    (AFP, 10/8/11)(SSFC, 10/9/11, p.A4)
2011        Oct 8, In Iraq six members of a demining team died when a controlled detonation of old land mines went wrong.
    (AP, 10/10/11)

2011        Oct 10, Iraq’s Pres. Jalal Talabani requested that over 5,000 US military trainers stay on past the Dec 31 US withdrawal date. A string of explosions targeting security officials killed at least 10 people in western Baghdad.
    (SFC, 10/12/11, p.A2)(SFC, 10/11/11, p.A2)
2011        Oct 10, Turkish air raids in northern Iraq reportedly killed 7 Kurdish rebels including three senior operatives.
    (AP, 10/22/11)

2011        Oct 12, In Iraq a slew of bombings targeted Iraqi police in Baghdad, including blasts by two suicide bombers who tried to ram their vehicles through police station gates. 25 people died and over 70 were wounded in the carnage.
    (AP, 10/12/11)(SFC, 10/13/11, p.A5)

2011        Oct 13, In Iraq 2 night time explosions in Sadr City, a Shiite neighborhood of eastern Baghdad, killed 17 people and wounded around 50 others.
    (AP, 10/14/11)
2011        Oct 13, Turkey's foreign minister said that Iraq should move to prevent Kurdish attacks on his country from Iraqi soil as the two countries renewed their commitment to fight the rebels.
    (AP, 10/13/11)

2011        Oct 16, Iraqi Deputy PM Hussein al-Shahristani called on a visiting Indian delegation to make much-needed investments in Iraq's energy, industry and housing sectors.
    (AFP, 10/16/11)
2011        Oct 16, In Iraq hundreds rallied in the disputed town of Khanaqin to demand the reversal of a central government ruling barring the flag of the autonomous Kurdish region in official buildings.
    (AFP, 10/16/11)

2011        Oct 18, Turkey shelled northern Iraq's autonomous Kurdistan region, in the first report of Turkish bombardment there in more than two weeks. The shelling began the previous evening. A roadside blast killed five policemen and two civilians in Turkey's southeast Bitlis province.
    (AFP, 10/18/11)(AP, 10/18/11)

2011        Oct 19, Turkish soldiers, air force bombers and helicopter gunships launched an incursion into northern Iraq, hours after Kurdish rebels killed 24 soldiers and wounded 18 in attacks along the border. The United States and NATO both issued statements supporting the offensive, the largest in more than three years.
    (AP, 10/19/11)(AFP, 10/21/11)

2011        Oct 20, About 10,000 elite Turkish soldiers took part in a ground offensive against Kurdish rebels in southeastern Turkey and across the border in Iraq, making it the nation's largest attack on the insurgents in more than three years.
    (AP, 10/20/11)

2011        Oct 21, Turkish jets kept up bombing raids on Kurdish rebel bases in northern Iraq overnight, as the rebels confirmed that some Turkish troops crossed into Iraq. Turkey and Iran vowed to collaborate against the PKK and its Iranian wing, the Party of Free Life of Kurdistan, or PJAK, during a visit by Iranian Foreign Minister Ali Akbar Salehi.
    (AFP, 10/21/11)(AP, 10/22/11)

2011        Oct 22, Iraq's PM Nouri al-Maliki said that US troops are leaving Iraq after nearly nine years of war because Baghdad rejected American demands that any US military forces to stay would have to be shielded from prosecution or lawsuits. Nearly 40,000 US troops remain in Iraq, all of whom will withdraw by Dec 31. About 160 US troops will remain at the U.S. Embassy in Baghdad to help oversee training plans.
    (AP, 10/22/11)
2011        Oct 22, Turkey’s military said its troops over the last 2 days have killed at least 49 Kurdish rebels in a valley near the Iraqi border, as hundreds of troops also pursued Kurdish fighters within northern Iraq.
    (AP, 10/22/11)

2011        Oct 24, In Iraq two separate attacks against traffic policemen left five people dead in Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/24/11)

2011        Oct 25, In Iraq a roadside bomb killed a traffic policemen in Baghdad, on the second morning in a row in which traffic patrols appear to have been targeted by insurgents. Armed men in a night attack killed Ali al-Massudi, the Shiite mayor of the Iskandiriyah sub-district.
    (AP, 10/25/11)(AFP, 10/26/11)

2011        Oct 26, In Iraq bomb and gun attacks killed 8 people, including four soldiers and two family members of a Shiite cleric, and wounded 29 others.
    (AFP, 10/26/11)

2011        Oct 27, In Iraq two blasts, which took place at a music store in a Shiite neighborhood in Baghdad, killed at least 32 people and wounded 71 others. Among the dead were 8 security officers, including an army lieutenant colonel, 4 women and at least 8 children.
    (AP, 10/28/11)

2011        Oct 29, Iraq’s PM Nouri al-Maliki said that 615 people have been detained in a security sweep targeting members of the former ruling Baath Party.
    (SSFC, 10/30/11, p.A9)

2011        Nov 2, In Iraq a triple bombing in the southern oil port city of Basra killed seven people sitting at nearby cafes.
    (AP, 11/3/11)

2011        Nov 3, In Iraq a pair of near-simultaneous bombings killed 5 security guards who were waiting in line to pick up their paychecks outside an Iraqi military base near Baqouba. 26 people were wounded. The dead all were members of Sahwa, or Awakening Councils, Sunni militia that sided with US forces against al-Qaida in a major turning point of the war. A roadside bomb exploded in Baghdad's neighborhood of Karradah, killing two passers-by. Police who rushed to the scene were hit with a second blast, killing two policemen and wounding three others. An American service member was killed while conducting military operations in northern Iraq.
    (AP, 11/3/11)(AP, 11/4/11)(AFP, 11/5/11)
2011        Nov 3, Top UN envoy to Iraq, Martin Kobler, offered to broker the peaceful closing of out of Camp Ashraf, a camp of Iranian exiles, before the government in Baghdad forces its residents out at the end of the year.
    (AP, 11/3/11)

2011        Nov 4, In Iraq Sunni widow Suad al-Obaidi (47) was arrested along with her allegedly Al-Qaeda boyfriend, after attacks on anti-Qaeda Sahwa (Awakening) militia in Diyala province a day earlier. Her boyfriend had convinced her to send her little boy (9) on a suicide mission, December 29, 2006, and then failed to stop the attack after she had a change of heart.
    (AFP, 11/4/11)

2011        Nov 5, In Iraq four bombs at the Taji home of anti-Qaeda militia leader Yassin Issa Daud, killed five people and wounded 13 others. Border police Brigadier General Mohammed Jalil Mansur was shot dead with a silenced weapon while driving near Al-Shaab football stadium in eastern Baghdad. A magnetic sticky bomb on a minibus in the Sadr City area of Baghdad killed one person and wounded five others.
    (AFP, 11/5/11)

2011        Nov 7, In Iraq Anbar officials considered joining other provinces to create a semi-autonomous Sunni region. The governor of Anbar province, Qasim al-Fahadawi, escaped unhurt after a roadside bomb hit his motorcade as it headed to Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/7/11)

2011        Nov 8, In Iraq US forces handed Joint Base Balad, a sprawling base north of Baghdad that once housed some 36,000 personnel, over to Iraqi control.
    (AFP, 11/9/11)

2011        Nov 9, Iraq's PM Nuri al-Maliki called on members of Saddam Hussein's former Baath party to declare their rejection of the party in writing, and threatened prosecution if they do not.
    (AFP, 11/9/11)

2011        Nov 13, Turkish warplanes bombed the Qandil border area in Iraqi Kurdistan for about an hour.
    (AFP, 11/13/11)

2011        Nov 16, In Iraq two Iranian pilgrims visiting Shiite shrines were killed when a bomb went off next to a minibus in which they were traveling.
    (AP, 11/16/11)
2011        Nov 16, Iraq executed a Tunisian man convicted of the 2006 bombing of a revered Shiite shrine that set off the worst of the country's sectarian violence. Yusri Fakhir was convicted earlier this year of the bombing on the al-Askari shrine in Sunni city of Samarra.
    (AP, 11/17/11)

2011        Nov 17, In Iraq four people were killed when a car bomb went off next to an Iraqi military patrol in Mahmoudiya.
    (AP, 11/17/11)

2011        Nov 18, In Iraq bombs targeting security personnel killed 9 people including 5 family members of a policeman in Saqlawiyah and 4 people in the Baghdad suburb of Abu Graib.
    (AP, 11/18/11)

2011        Nov 22, Iraqi and American officials said the US has handed over all of the remaining detainees in US custody in Iraq, except for Ali Mussa Daqduq, a Lebanese Hezbollah commander linked to the death of four American troops.
    (AP, 11/22/11)
2011        Nov 22, A British court ruled in favor of a group of more than 100 Iraqi civilians who have demanded a new public inquiry into allegations of torture against British soldiers. Some 128 Iraqis claim torture and inhuman and degrading treatment by British soldiers and interrogators in Iraq between March 2003 and December 2008.
    (AFP, 11/22/11)
2011        Nov 22, In Malaysia former US president George W Bush and British ex-prime minister Tony Blair were found guilty at a mock tribunal for committing "crimes against peace" during the Iraq war. The Kuala Lumpur War Crimes Tribunal, part of an initiative by former Malaysian premier Mahathir Mohamad, a fierce critic of the Iraq war, found the former leaders guilty after a four-day hearing.
    (AFP, 11/22/11)

2011        Nov 24, Iraq executed 16 Al-Qaeda members convicted of involvement in the massacre of 70 people at a wedding in 2006, although they were officially put to death for other murders. A string of bombings in Basra killed 19 people.
    (AFP, 11/24/11)(SFC, 11/25/11, p.A7)

2011        Nov 26, In central Iraq bomb and gun attacks killed at least 16 people and wounded more than 20 others.
    (AFP, 11/26/11)

2011        Nov 27, In Iraq a gunman in Baghdad killed national security official Ibrahim Saleh Mahdi and his wife. On May 15, 2012, Ahmed al-Jubouri, a bodyguard of Vice President Tariq al-Hashemi, testified that Mahdi was ordered killed because he had become "a source of annoyance" to al-Hashemi.
    (AP, 5/16/12)(http://tinyurl.com/7djvb7u)

2011        Nov 28, In Iraq a suicide bomber slammed a car packed with explosives into the gate of al-Hout prison north of Baghdad, killing at least 19 people in Taji. In Baghdad, 5 people were killed by a suicide car bomb inside the Green Zone. 2 civilian bystanders were killed and 5 others wounded by a roadside bomb targeting a police patrol in western Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/28/11)(SFC, 11/30/11, p.A7)

2011        Dec 1, In Iraq 2 separate attacks killed 17 people in northeastern Diyala province. The attacks came as US Vice President Joe Biden met with Iraqi officials on a trip designed to chart a new relationship between the two countries ahead of the withdrawal of US forces by the end of this year.
    (AP, 12/1/11)

2011        Dec 2, In Iraq the Camp Victory base complex, at its height was home to 46,000 people, was handed over to the Iraqi government as part of American efforts to move all US troops out of the country by the end of the year.
    (AP, 12/2/11)

2011        Dec 4, In Iraq explosions killed six people, including a father and son who were assembling a makeshift bomb that accidentally detonated inside their home in Kirkuk. In Baghdad a roadside bomb targeted an Iraqi military convoy in the capital's western suburb of Abu Ghraib. 4 soldiers were killed.
    (AP, 12/4/11)

2011        Dec 5, In Iraq 5 bomb attacks targeting Shiite pilgrims south of Baghdad killed some 30 people and wounded nearly 100 others during Ashura, an important religious ritual for the Muslim sect.
    (AP, 12/5/11)(Econ, 1/21/12, p.52)

2011        Dec 7, In Iraq a series of attacks mainly targeting security forces killed at least 5 people.
    (AP, 12/7/11)

2011        Dec 8, NATO informed Iraq that it will withdraw its training mission at year-end after Baghdad refused to grant it legal immunity, mirroring the nearly-complete pullout of US forces.
    (AFP, 12/11/11)

2011        Dec 10, In Iraq a spate of gun and bomb attacks across northern and central Iraq killed seven people and left four others wounded.
    (AFP, 12/10/11)

2011        Dec 13, In Iraq pumping from the southern Rumaila field fell following two explosions to 700,000 barrels per day, down from 1.4 million barrels. Oil exports were not affected. The pipelines were expected to be repaired in about a week.
    (AP, 12/14/11)

2011        Dec 17, The secular Iraqiya bloc, which won most of the votes of Iraq's disenchanted Sunni Arab minority, walked out of parliament sparking a political crisis days after US forces ended their mission.
    (AFP, 12/17/11)

2011        Dec 18, The last US soldiers rolled out of Iraq across the border into neighboring Kuwait at daybreak. The war cost nearly 4,500 American and well more than 100,000 Iraqi lives and $800 billion from the US Treasury.
    (AP, 12/18/11)
2011        Dec 18, In Iraq Baghdad security said three of Sunni vice-president Tareq Hashemi's bodyguards were arrested for "suspected terrorist activity," and the vice president was briefly escorted off a domestic flight from Baghdad to the autonomous Kurdish region's capital Arbil.
    (AFP, 12/19/11)

2011        Dec 19, Iraqi officials said judges have barred Sunni Vice President Tareq al-Hashemi from travelling overseas.
    (AP, 12/19/11)

2011        Dec 21, Iraq's PM Nouri al-Maliki said he has granted a six-month extension on a deadline to close Camp Ashraf, which has housed Iranian exiles for decades. The six-month extension started in November. He also said the UN would relocate 400 to 800 of the residents to other countries by end of December. Al-Maliki also told Kurdish authorities to hand over Sunni vice president Tariq Al-Hashemi, who fled to the semiautonomous region to escape an arrest warrant on charges he ran hit squads targeting government officials.
    (AP, 12/21/11)(SFC, 12/22/11, p.A4)

2011        Dec 22, In Iraq a wave of at least 14 morning bombings ripped across Baghdad, killing 69 people in the worst violence in Iraq for months. The bombings bore all the hallmarks of al-Qaida's Sunni insurgents. 4 more bombings in the evening killed 3 more people.
    (AP, 12/22/11)(SFC, 12/23/11, p.A3)(AP, 12/27/11)

2011        Dec 25, The Iraqi government and the UN announced an agreement to relocate several thousand Iranian exiles living in Camp Ashraf in northeastern Iraq.
    (AP, 12/26/11)

2011        Dec 26, An Iraqi Shiite militia group said it would join the political process. The Asaib Ahel al-Haq, or League of the Righteous, was behind the kidnap of a British consultant and his four bodyguards, and has been blamed for the killing of US troops. A suicide bomber set off a car bomb at a checkpoint leading to the Iraqi Interior Ministry, killing seven people and injuring 32 others. A roadside bomb hit a passing army patrol in the Abu Ghraib area west of Baghdad, killing two soldiers and injuring two others.
    (AFP, 12/26/11)(AP, 12/26/11)

2011        Dec 27, In Iraq a car bomb exploded near a police station in the town of Hawija, 150 miles (240 km) north of Baghdad, killing two civilians and injuring another.
    (AP, 12/27/11)

2011        Dec 28, Turkish warplanes killed at least 34 people in an air strike on the Iraq border in an attack which a pro-Kurdish political party described as a "massacre" of civilians. Ankara's joint military command said in a statement that its jets bombed an area inside Iraq "regularly used" by PKK rebels. Those killed were smugglers aged 18-28, who routinely brought in Iraqi fuel and cigarettes with the full knowledge of local authorities. On Jan 2 Turkey said it will compensate the families of the civilians mistakenly killed in the airstrike.
    (AFP, 12/29/11)(AP, 1/3/12)(Econ, 1/7/12, p.46)

2012        Jan 3, Iraq’s Cabinet voted to declare the missing Iraqiya ministers "on leave." That decision sidesteps for now the possibility that boycotting ministers would be replaced.
    (AP, 1/4/12)

2012        Jan 4, In Iraq 6 roadside bombs targeted the homes of police officers in Baqouba. Two children died in the blasts and nine people were wounded. Gunmen stormed the house of a leader in the anti al-Qaida militia in the predominantly Sunni suburb of Abu Ghraib, west of the capital, killing him and his wife.
    (AP, 1/4/12)

2012        Jan 5, In Iraq explosions struck two Shiite neighborhoods in Baghdad, killing at least 27 people. Hours later a suicide attack hit Shiite pilgrims heading to the holy Shiite city of Karbala, killing 45. A series of bombings targeting members of Iraq's Shiite Muslim majority claimed the lives of at least 78 people.
    (AP, 1/5/12)(AP, 1/6/12)

2012        Jan 6, The Iraqi official in charge of reconciling with the country's armed groups said an Iranian-backed Shiite militia, Asaib Ahl al-Haq, that carried out deadly attacks on US troops has agreed to lay down its arms and join the political process. Roadside bombs killed two Shiite pilgrims.
    (AP, 1/6/12)

2012        Jan 7, In Iraq a roadside bomb targeting Shiite pilgrims killed two people and wounded eight others south of Baghdad. In Basra about 400 people staged a protest to denounce a decision by Iraqi president Jalal Talabani, a Kurd, to shelter the country's top Sunni politician after an arrest warrant was issued against him.
    (AP, 1/7/12)

2012        Jan 8, Iraq's Shiite-led government has formally demanded that authorities in the semiautonomous Kurdish region hand over the country's top Sunni official, who is wanted on terrorism charges. Vice President Tariq al-Hashemi has denied the allegations and says he cannot get a fair trial in Baghdad.
    (AP, 1/8/12)

2012        Jan 9, In Iraq a roadside bomb killed two Shiite pilgrims walking to Karbala. 3 car bombs killed at least 17 people in Baghdad.
    (AP, 1/9/12)(SFC, 1/10/12, p.A4)

2012        Jan 11, In Iraq gunmen ambushed a police station and killed three officers in a former insurgent stronghold outside a police post in Qaim near the Syrian border.
    (AP, 1/11/12)

2012        Jan 13, Iraq's deputy premier called for PM Nouri al-Maliki to step down and warned that the country's festering political crisis risks sparking a wider sectarian conflict. Sunni Deputy PM Al-Mutlaq's Sunni-backed Iraqiya party has been boycotting parliament and Cabinet meetings since last month to protest what it sees as efforts by al-Maliki to consolidate power.
    (AP, 1/13/12)

2012        Jan 14, In Iraq a bomb killed at least 53 Shiite pilgrims near the town of Zubair as pilgrims marched toward the Shiite Imam Ali shrine on the outskirts of the town on the last of the 40 days of Arbaeen.
    (AP, 1/14/12)

2012        Jan 15, The Iraqi Supreme Judicial Council said in a statement that the appeals court ruled that Sunni Vice President Tareq al-Hashemi must stand trial in Baghdad. Security forces battled 5 gunmen who detonated a car bomb before blasting their way into a government compound and killing seven policemen in Ramadi. All the attackers were killed.
    (AP, 1/15/12)

2012        Jan 16, In Iraq car bombs ripped through Mosul and Hillah, killing at least 11 people.
    (AP, 1/16/12)

2012        Jan 17, In western Iraq insurgents attacked a checkpoint killing five policemen in the Anbar province town of Rutba.
    (AP, 1/17/12)

2012        Jan 18, In Iraq suspected insurgents killed a member of the government-allied Sunni militia along with three of his sons in Latifiyah, about 20 miles (30 km) south of Baghdad. Riyadh al-Adhadh, deputy chief of Baghdad provincial council, was arrested while on his way to work in connection with funding insurgent groups. Adhadh is a member of the Iraqi Islamic Party, a Sunni grouping under the broader Iraqiya coalition.
    (AP, 1/18/12)(AFP, 1/19/12)

2012        Jan 19, Iraq's presidency approved the death penalty for 11 men, including Al-Qaeda militants, convicted two years ago of being behind devastating attacks against two ministries on Aug 19, 2009.
    (AFP, 1/19/12)

2012        Jan 21, Iraqi police said gunmen attacked the house of a police officer near the northern oil-rich city of Kirkuk, killing one of his guards.
    (AP, 1/21/12)

2012        Jan 22, Human Rights Watch said Iraq’s Shiite-led government is turning the country into a “budding police state" as security forces routinely abuse protesters, harass journalist, torture detainees and intimidate activists.
    (SFC, 1/23/12, p.A2)

2012        Jan 23, The Honein jihadist forum posted a message vowing further attacks against Iraqi Shiites.
    (AFP, 1/24/12)

2012        Jan 24, In Iraq a series of car bombs exploded in Shiite areas of Baghdad. At least 19 people were killed and over 60 injured as insurgents targeted day laborers, government workers and a police captain. Mullah Nadhum al-Jubouri, the leader of a Sunni militia that turned against al-Qaida in Iraq and sided with the US troops, died in a drive-by shooting in western Baghdad.
    (AFP, 1/24/12)(AP, 1/25/12)(SFC, 1/25/12, p.A2)

2012        Jan 26, Iraq said it will take legal action to ensure justice for the families of 24 unarmed Iraqi civilians killed in a US raid in Haditha seven years ago. Insurgents bombed a house belonging to two policemen and their families in central Iraq early, killing 10 people inside. A motorcycle bomb missed a passing police patrol in Kirkuk, but killed two civilians and wounded five others. 7 people were killed in attacks on Baghdad's s two mostly Sunni districts.
    (AP, 1/26/12)(AP, 1/27/12)

2012        Jan 27, In Iraq a suicide bomber detonated an explosives-packed car near a funeral procession in southeastern Baghdad, killing 33 people, half of them policemen who were guarding the march. Minutes after the explosion, gunmen opened fire at a checkpoint in Zafaraniyah, killing two police officers.
    (AP, 1/27/12)(AP, 1/29/12)

2012        Jan 28, Iraqi Kurdish leader Massud Barzani backed minority Kurds in Syria, who have rallied against the rule of President Bashar al-Assad during 10 months of nationwide protests. He spoke at a two-day conference of Syrian Kurds in the Iraqi Kurdish capital of Arbil.
    (AFP, 1/28/12)

2012        Jan 29, An official with Iraq's Sunni-backed political alliance said its leaders have decided to end a parliament boycott, but the bloc's ministers will stay away from Cabinet meetings to protest arrests and prosecution of Sunni officials. A roadside bomb targeting a police patrol in southeastern Baghdad killed one person.
    (AP, 1/29/12)

2012        Jan 30, Iraq said interior ministry security forces have detained 16 members of Vice President of the Republic Tareq al-Hashemi's guard, who were said to be practicing assassinations with silenced rifles and pistols targeting interior ministry officers and judges.
    (AFP, 1/31/12)

2012        Jan 31, Iraqi MPs from the secular Iraqiya bloc returned to parliament, ending a boycott begun last month to protest the prime minister's alleged centralization of power.
    (AFP, 1/31/12)

2012        Feb 7, Ministers from Iraq's Sunni-backed bloc ended their boycott of the Cabinet. Iraq executed 14 people, most of them Al-Qaeda members, bringing to at least 65 the number of executions so far this year.
    (AP, 2/7/12)(AFP, 2/8/12)

2012        Feb 11, In Iraq a car bomb seriously wounded Lt. Col. Salman Kadhim, a local police chief in Jbala. Two of Kadhim’s guards were also wounded in the explosion.
    (AP, 2/11/12)
2012        Feb 11, Turkish warplanes bombed suspected Kurdish rebel targets in northern Iraq.
    (AP, 2/12/12)

2012        Feb 13, In Iraq a police commander Col. Saad al-Shameri, who for years hunted militants, was ambushed and killed in a former insurgent stronghold west of Baghdad. His driver was also killed.
    (AP, 2/13/12)

2012        Feb 14, In Iraq 2 separate attacks against Iraqi security forces in Mosul and Baghdad killed three people and wounded 18 others.
    (AP, 2/14/12)

2012        Feb 15, In Iraq gunmen wearing military uniforms seriously wounded a policeman and killed his wife and two children in an attack on his home in Jurf al-Sakhar, south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 2/15/12)

2012        Feb 16, An Iraqi judicial panel said that Sunni Vice President Tariq al-Hashemi and his employees ran death squads that for years carried out deadly attacks on security officials and Shiite pilgrims. Al-Hashemi was in Iraq's northern Kurdish region, where he has sought refuge from the central government in Baghdad.
    (AP, 2/16/12)
2012        Feb 16, Iranian opposition group the National Council of Resistance said it has agreed to begin evacuating its long-time base in a camp in central Iraq to transfer to a UN-approved site near Baghdad.
    (AFP, 2/16/12)

2012        Feb 18, In Iraq some 400 members of an Iranian exile group reluctantly moved from Camp Ashraf in the northwest to Camp Liberty, a deserted military base outside Baghdad in what they called a show of good faith that they eventually will be allowed to leave the country peacefully. It was the first group to move of the more than 3,300 members of the People's Mujahedeen Organization of Iran who have lived at the camp for three decades.
    (AP, 2/18/12)

2012        Feb 19, In Iraq a suicide bomber detonated his car as a group of police recruits left their academy in Baghdad, killing 20 in the latest strike on security officials that angry residents blamed on political feuding. investigators in the southern port city of Um Qasr said a Shiite mosque that was partially destroyed in an overnight fire was likely an act of sabotage.
    (AP, 2/19/12)

2012        Feb 20, Iraq's fugitive Vice President Tareq al-Hashemi in a broadcast interview said his bodyguards and other employees are being held in secret prisons and subjected to torture.
    (AFP, 2/20/12)

2012        Feb 22, Iraq's Interior Ministry announced the capture of Waleed Khalid Ali, accused as a top leader of the Ansar al-Sunna insurgent group linked to al-Qaida. The remains of US Staff Sgt. Ahmed al-Taie were turned over to Iraqi authorities. He had been abducted on October 23, 2006, during a visit to his wife and family on a Muslim holiday. He was killed within a year.
    (AP, 2/23/12)(AP, 2/27/12)

2012        Feb 23, In Iraq A rapid series of attacks spread over a wide swath of Iraqi territory killed 55 people, targeting mostly security forces in what appeared to be a vicious strike by al-Qaida militants bent on destabilizing the country. 225 were wounded. The Islamic State of Iraq said in an Internet message that it targeted security forces and government officials in "revenge for the elimination and torture campaigns that Sunni men and women face in the prisons of Baghdad and other cities."
    (AP, 2/23/12)(AP, 2/24/12)

2012        Feb 27, Iraqi Kurdistan said it has granted refugee status to 30 Kurdish Syrian troops who defected to the region in the first such instance in the revolt against Bashar al-Assad's regime.
    (AFP, 2/27/12)

2012        Mar 1, In Iraq American gym teacher Jeremiah Small was shot and killed at a school in Sulaimaniyah in the northern Kurdish region. Student Biyar Sarwar (18) pulled out a gun and shot the teacher. Sarwar shot and killed himself as his terrified classmates fled the room.
    (AP, 3/1/12)(SFC, 3/2/12, p.A2)

2012        Mar 5, In western Iraq a gang of gunmen disguised in military-style uniforms and carrying forged arrest warrants killed 27 police, then hoisted the battle flag of al-Qaida in a carefully planned early morning shooting spree in Haditha. 3 attackers were reported killed.
    (AP, 3/5/12)

2012        Mar 6, Iraqi authorities arrested four men in Salaheddin province in connection with a shooting spree a day ago that left 27 policemen dead. One of the terrorists blew himself up when they were surrounded.
    (AFP, 3/6/12)

2012        Mar 7, In northern Iraq 2 bombs exploded in swift succession killing 13 people near a crowded restaurant in Tal Afar. Separate car bombings in Baghdad killed four people and wounded 14 in a Sunni area of the capital.
    (AP, 3/7/12)

2012        Mar 8, Turkey's air force carried out air strikes on border areas of north Iraq.
    (AFP, 3/9/12)

2012        Mar 10, Iraqi security and hospital sources said at least 14 youths have been stoned to death in Baghdad in the past three weeks in what appears to be a campaign by Shi'ite militants against youths wearing Western-style "emo" clothes and haircuts. Officials and human rights groups said Iraqi teenagers widely perceived to be gay are being brutally killed in Baghdad with Shiite militias distributing lists of targets warning of further assaults.
    (Reuters, 3/10/12)(AFP, 3/11/12)

2012        Mar 11, In Iraq gun and bomb attacks north of Baghdad killed eight people, including Adnan Hezbar, the bodyguard of the mayor of Tarmiyah, along with four of Hezbar’s female relatives. In Baquba a roadside bomb set off in front of a popular cafe killed two civilians and wounded another. A bomb attached to a motorcycle also exploded near an Iraqi army patrol in Saadiyah, killing one soldier.
    (AFP, 3/11/12)

2012        Mar 12, In Iraq gunmen killed eight people in an attack on a jewelry shop in Baghdad. Gunmen also carried out two separate attacks in Tarmiyah, 45 km (30 miles) north of Baghdad. Three policemen were killed in an attack carried out after midnight by unknown gunmen on the municipal headquarters. Gunmen also attacked a police patrol in Tarmiyah this morning, not far from the first attack, killing two more policemen.
    (AFP, 3/12/12)

2012        Mar 15, In Iraq Amir Sarbut Zaidan al-Batawi (33), the bodyguard of Vice President Tareq al-Hashemi, died while under government detention. Authorities later said he died of kidney failure.
    (AP, 3/22/12)

2012        Mar 17, In Iraq wearing a US Army uniform and flanked by Iraqi lawmakers, an American citizen announced that he was being released from more than nine months of imprisonment by a Shiite militia that for years targeted US troops. US-issued military and contractor ID cards identified him as Randy Michael Hultz (59). He said the kidnappers were from the Promised Day Brigade, a branch of the Mahdi Army, a militia controlled by the anti-American cleric Muqtada al-Sadr.
    (AP, 3/17/12)

2012        Mar 20, In Iraq a torrent of bombings and shootings ripped across 20 towns and cities, targeting police and Shiite pilgrims and killing 52 people with 255 wounded.
    (AP, 3/20/12)(AFP, 3/21/12)(Econ, 3/24/12, p.48)

2012        Mar 21, In Iraq assailants killed a Shiite mother and her three children after breaking into their house in a Sunni neighborhood of Baghdad.
    (AP, 3/21/12)
2012        Mar 21, Iraqi Vice President Tareq al-Hashemi, wanted by Baghdad on terror charges, released photographs showing his bodyguard, Amir Sarbut Zaidan al-Batawi, was tortured before his body was handed to his family. A senior Iraqi general and a judicial spokesman, however, said Batawi died of kidney failure and other conditions after refusing treatment. Investigators reportedly filmed Batawi confessing to criminal activity on January 14.
    (AFP, 3/22/12)

2012        Mar 22, Libya restored full diplomatic relations with Iraq and plans to send an ambassador to Baghdad more than eight years after cutting off ties.
    (AFP, 3/23/12)
2012        Mar 22, Russia’s Lukoil signed a $1 billion deal with South Korea's Samsung Engineering to develop Iraq's second-biggest oil field, in which the energy giant has a majority stake.
    (AFP, 3/22/12)

2012        Mar 23, In northern Iraq 19 detainees, including two men sentenced to death and members of Al-Qaeda and Ansar al-Sunna, escaped from Al-Tasfirat prison in Kirkuk.
    (AFP, 3/23/12)(AFP, 3/24/12)

2012        Mar 24, Iraq detained 22 policemen after 19 inmates, including two men on death row, escaped from a prison in the northern city of Kirkuk a day earlier.
    (AFP, 3/24/12)

2012        Mar 27, Arab officials gathered in Baghdad this week for a series of meetings. Their agenda of tourism, tackling water security and organizing regional responses to natural disasters was overshadowed by the crisis in Syria.
    (AFP, 3/27/12)

2012        Mar 28, In Iraq Arab foreign ministers met in Baghdad to debate a draft resolution calling on Damascus to end violence and hold talks with the opposition.
    (AFP, 3/28/12)

2012        Mar 29, In Iraq 10 of 22 leaders of the Arab world showed up at an Arab summit in Baghdad. Qatar's prime minister said the lower representation was to protest what he called the Baghdad government's marginalization of Iraq's Sunni Muslim minority. The summit is the first held by the Arab League since the Arab Spring revolts began sweeping through the region more than a year ago.
    (AP, 3/29/12)
2012        Mar 29, In Bulgaria Massud Barzani, the leader of Iraq's autonomous Kurdistan, sought investment in the region's farming, health and construction sectors during a meeting with PM Boyko Borisov.
    (AFP, 3/29/12)

2012        Mar 31, In Iraq unknown gunmen shot dead a member of the Sahwa anti-Qaeda militia forces along with his wife and son north of Baghdad in Diyala province.
    (AFP, 3/31/12)

2012        Apr 1, Fugitive Iraqi Vice President Tariq al-Hashemi traveled to Qatar on what the gulf nation called an “official visit."
    (SFC, 4/2/12, p.A2)

2012        Apr 2, Iraq’s Kurdish region said it has halted oil exports over a payment quarrel with the central government, which reportedly has failed to send any money since May even as the region has been exporting 50,000 barrels per day.
    (SFC, 4/3/12, p.A2)
2012        Apr 2, Iraq said that Qatar hosting fugitive Vice President Tareq al-Hashemi was "unacceptable" and called on Doha to hand him over, a demand he said was unconstitutional after talks with Qatar's emir.
    (AFP, 4/2/12)

2012        Apr 4, Iraq approved a request from Kuwait's Jazeera Airways to operate services to Baghdad and Najaf, more than 20 years after direct flights between the neighbors were halted.
    (AFP, 4/5/12)
2012        Apr 4, Iraq's fugitive Vice President Tariq al-Hashemi, accused of running a death squad, left the Gulf state of Qatar for Saudi Arabia.
    (AFP, 4/4/12)
2012        Apr 4, In central Iraq a car bomb apparently targeting a local police chief killed five people and wounded 10 near the town of Dhuluiyah.
    (AFP, 4/4/12)

2012        Apr 5, US President Barack Obama dropped in on a meeting between Vice President Joe Biden and Massud Barzani, the visiting leader of Iraq's autonomous Kurdish region. Barzani, also met with US Defense Secretary Leon Panetta.
    (AFP, 4/5/12)

2012        Apr 7, An online video showed Izzat Ibrahim al-Duri, Saddam Hussein's vice president and the highest-ranking member of his regime still on the run, in what appears to be his first video message since 2003.
    (AFP, 4/7/12)

2012        Apr 8, Iraqi security forces said they have dismantled a 25-person cell belonging to Ansar al-Islam, a radical Sunni Arab group.
    (SFC, 4/9/12, p.A2)

2012        Apr 10, Iraq's fugitive vice president Tariq al-Hashemi said two more of his bodyguards have been tortured to death by security forces during a terrorism investigation last month.
    (AP, 4/11/12)

2012        Apr 12, In Iraq Hamed Yussef Hamadi (72), the culture minister under Saddam Hussein, was released after over six years in prison and left the country. Hamadi was arrested on January 24, 2006.
    (AFP, 4/13/12)

2012        Apr 15, In Iraq unknown attackers blew up a house north of Baghdad, killing three members of a family including a five-year-old boy and also wounding a two-year-old girl.
    (AFP, 4/15/12)

2012        Apr 16, In Iraq gunmen shot dead four Shiite farmers working in an orchard in the predominantly Sunni village of Rashidiyah, just north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/16/12)

2012        Apr 19, In Iraq bombings struck several areas in Baghdad and to the north. Al-Qaida extremists launched dozens of bombings and shootings in 7 different provinces killing 38 people and wounding more than 170.
    (AP, 4/19/12)(AFP, 4/20/12)

2012        Apr 22, Iraq’s PM Nouri al-Maliki was given a red carpet welcome by Iran’s First Vice President Mohammad Reza Rahimi at Saadabad Palace in north Tehran. He was scheduled to meet with Supreme Leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, and President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad during a two-day official visit.
    (AP, 4/22/12)

2012        Apr 26, In Iraq two civilians died when a roadside bomb went off near a passing army patrol in the eastern Sadr City neighborhood of Baghdad. A parked car bomb went off next to a police patrol in the northern Hurriyah neighborhood, killing three civilians and injuring 15 others. A suicide car bombing near a cafe in Abu Garma followed by another bombing inside it as the casualties were being carried out killed eight people and wounded 18 others.
    (AP, 4/26/12)(AFP, 4/27/12)

2012        Apr 27, In central Iraq a Sunni mother and her three children were shot dead in an apparent sectarian attack in the village of Abu Garma, Diyala province.
    (AFP, 4/27/12)

2012        Apr 28, Top Iraqi politicians, many of whom feel marginalized by PM Nuri al-Maliki's style of governing, called in Arbil, the capital of Kurdistan, for greater democracy in running the country.
    (AFP, 4/28/12)

2012        May 7, An Iraqi court declared Hezbollah commander Ali Mussa Daqduq, accused of killing US solders in 2007, not guilty for lack of evidence and ruled that he be set free. Under Iraqi law the verdict will be appealed automatically so Daqduq has still not been released.
    (AP, 5/7/12)

2012        May 8, Interpol said it has put Iraq's fugitive Sunni vice president on its most-wanted list after issuing a so-called "red notice" for Tariq al-Hashemi, who is currently in Turkey. The Lyon, France-based organization said on its website the move came at the request of the government in Baghdad.
    (AP, 5/8/12)

2012        May 10, In central Iraq authorities found the corpses of seven men, all handcuffed, blindfolded and shot in the head, in a desert area north of Fallujah.
    (AFP, 5/10/12)

2012        May 13, In Iraq a series of bomb attacks mostly targeting security forces, including a suicide car bombing, killed five people across the country and wounded several more.
    (AFP, 5/13/12)
2012        May 13, The Philippines foreign ministry said it has lifted an 8-year ban on its nationals working in Iraq, but only for the Middle Eastern country's autonomous Kurdistan region.
    (AFP, 5/13/12)

2012        May 14, In central and northern Iraq 6 people were killed in attacks, including five who died in a spate of bombings in the former insurgent bastion of Fallujah.
    (AFP, 5/14/12)

2012        May 15, In Iraq Ahmed al-Jubouri, the bodyguard for Iraq's fugitive Vice President Tariq al-Hashemi, testified that he was paid $3,000 to assassinate security official Ibrahim Saleh Mahdi in November 2011 on al-Hashemi's orders. Mahdi's wife also was killed in the drive-by shooting on a Baghdad highway. Al-Hashemi has hotly denied the confessions, saying his bodyguards were tortured into making the statements.
    (AP, 5/15/12)

2012        May 18, In Iraq 3 bombs struck near simultaneously at a busy bird market in Sadr City in eastern Baghdad, killing five people and wounding dozens. An anti-terror officer, his wife and three children were shot dead by gunmen in north Baghdad.
    (AP, 5/18/12)(AFP, 5/19/12)

2012        May 20, In Iraq lawyers for the fugitive Sunni vice president charged with running death squads that targeted Shiite officials and pilgrims quit the case in protest after judges would not let them present evidence at the trial.
    (AP, 5/20/12)

2012        May 22, In Iraq bombings in the center of the ethnically-mixed city of Baquba, killed six people including four children. The attacks struck the homes of a Sunni anti-Qaeda militiaman and a formerly internally-displaced Shiite family.
    (AFP, 5/22/12)

2012        May 30, Iraq kicked off a two-day auction of a dozen energy exploration blocks, but hopes that the sale would up reserves and boost its role as a key producer were dampened when just one deal was agreed with a consortium led by a Kuwaiti energy company.
    (AFP, 5/30/12)(AP, 5/30/12)

2012        May 31, In Iraq bombs exploded at 5 locations in Baghdad, among attacks that killed at least 18 people and wounded 53. In one attack a parked car exploded outside a busy restaurant in the Shiite neighborhood of Shula, killing 13 people and wounding 37.
    (AP, 5/31/12)
2012        May 31, Iraq closed a landmark auction of energy exploration blocks with just three contracts awarded out of a potential 12, dampening hopes the sale would cement its role as a key global supplier. Pakistan Petroleum and a partnership between Russian energy giant Lukoil and Japan's Inpex won contracts today.
    (AFP, 5/31/12)

2012        Jun 4, In Iraq a suicide bomber detonated an explosive-rigged car outside Iraq's main religious affairs office for Shiite Muslims, shearing off the facade of the three-story building and killing at least 23 people in the deadliest single attack in the country in three months.
    (AP, 6/4/12)

2012        Jun 7, In Iraq Abed Hamid Hmoud, Saddam Hussein's trusted personal secretary, was executed by hanging. He was once No. 4 on the US most-wanted list in Iraq.
    (AP, 6/7/12)
2012        Jun 7, Qatar Airways completed its first flight to Baghdad since Saddam Hussein's 1990 invasion of Kuwait, a month after launching services to Iraq's autonomous Kurdish region.
    (AFP, 6/7/12)

2012        Jun 8, In Iraq gunmen opened fire on the car of a colonel in the civil defense forces, killing him and his wife and wounding their three children in western Baghdad. Assailants in Baghdad also killed an aide to Qusai al-Suhail, the deputy speaker of parliament. An Iraqi soldier was killed and four were wounded by a roadside bomb in Bala Ruz.
    (AP, 6/8/12)

2012        Jun 9, In northern Iraqi 5 bombs exploded at an oil field, damaging two pipelines without affecting the country's vital crude exports. The Kirkuk-Ceyhan pipeline pumps between 450,000 to 500,000 barrels of crude oil per day.
    (AFP, 6/9/12)

2012        Jun 10, Iraqi premier Nuri al-Maliki called for a national dialogue after President Jalal Talabani said his rivals lacked the 163 parliamentary votes required to oust the PM, but a protracted political row looked set to drag on. Two mortar shells hit a procession in Kazimiyah late today, killing seven and wounding 38. Pilgrims have already started to arrive in Baghdad for the commemorations marking the eighth century death of Imam Moussa ibn Jaafar al-Kadhim.
    (AFP, 6/10/12)(AP, 6/11/12)

2012        Jun 13, In Iraq a wave of car bombs struck Shiite pilgrims in 7 cities and towns, from Baghdad to Hillah, Karbala, Taji and Balad, killing over 80 people in 22 separate explosions targeting an annual Shiite pilgrimage commemorating the 8th century death of revered imam. Al-Qaeda's front group, the Islamic State of Iraq, later claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 6/13/12)(AP, 6/14/12)(AFP, 6/22/12)(Econ, 6/16/12, p.57)

2012        Jun 16, In Iraq car bombs targeting religious processions in Baghdad killed 32 people on the last day of the Shiite al-Kadhim pilgrimage already hit three times in some of the deadliest violence since American troops withdrew.
    (AP, 6/16/12)(AFP, 6/17/12)

2012        Jun 17, In Iraq bombings killed five people and wounded 34 others, after a bloody week that cost the lives of more than 100 people.
    (AFP, 6/17/12)

2012        Jun 18, In Iraq a suicide bomber detonated his explosive belt in funeral tent packed with mourners for a Shiite tribal leader in Baqouba, killing 22 people in what officials described as an al-Qaida attempt to reignite sectarian violence.
    (AFP, 6/18/12)

2012        Jun 21, The Sunni speaker of Iraq's parliament, Osama al-Nujaifi, reaffirmed that lawmakers are prepared to oust Shiite PM Nouri al-Maliki if he refuses to share authority with his political opponents and break a deadlock that has all but paralyzed the government.
    (AP, 6/21/12)

2012        Jun 22, In Iraq 2 bombs tore through a market full of shoppers in Baghdad, killing 14 people and wounding more than 100. Gunmen opened fire on a police checkpoint in western Baghdad, killing three officers, A bomb exploded in a car parked near the entrance of the Shiite al-Askari shrine in Samara, killing one pilgrim and injuring 13 other people.
    (AP, 6/22/12)

2012        Jun 23, In France thousands of Iranian exiles led a Paris rally to demand democratic change in Iran and help for Iranian resistance members in Iraq's refugee camps.
    (AP, 6/23/12)

2012        Jun 24, An Iraqi press freedom group condemned the government for ordering the closure of 44 news organizations, including a US-funded broadcaster.
    (AP, 6/24/12)
2012        Jun 24, Turkey’s army said its warplanes have carried out strikes on suspected Kurdish militant targets in northern Iraq. Air strikes had hit 9 PKK targets over the last 3 days.
    (AFP, 6/24/12)

2012        Jun 25, In Iraq the Communications and Media Commission said it has decided to place restrictions on 39 media outlets including the BBC and Voice of America over alleged license problems. An Iraqi media rights organization, said that the CMC had in fact recommended banning 44 news outlets, and called for the move, which it said violated the constitution, to be reversed. Bomb blasts in Hilla and Baquba killed 11 people.
    (AFP, 6/25/12)(SFC, 6/26/12, p.A2)

2012        Jun 26, Iraq’s Communications and Media Commission, which regulates the news media, reversed course and said it will give 44 targeted media organizations more time to pay outstanding fees and renew lapsed licenses.
    (AP, 6/26/12)

2012        Jun 27, Iraqi PM Nuri al-Maliki called for early elections a released statement after a series of political crises escalated into calls for his removal. Bombs in Baghdad targeting the homes of Shiite cleric and a member of a Sunni militia that fights al-Qaida killed at least 11 people, including four teenagers.
    (AFP, 6/27/12)

2012        Jun 28, In Iraq a car bomb exploded near a Shiite place of worship in Baquba, killing six people and wounding 51, while two people were killed and four wounded in another bombing. Bombings and shootings killed 22 people and wounded more than 50. The spike in violence made June Iraq's bloodiest month in almost a half a year.
    (AP, 6/28/12)(AFP, 6/29/12)

2012        Jun 29, In Iraq gunmen shot dead four anti-Qaeda militiamen a checkpoint in Khan Bani Saad, south of the city of Baquba, while a roadside bomb killed an Iraqi soldier.
    (AFP, 6/29/12)

2012        Jun 30, In Iraq 3 policemen died when a suicide car bomb and three roadside bombs exploded at a security checkpoint in Samarra. The bombing raised the death toll for June to at least 237.
    (AP, 7/1/12)

2012        Jul 1, In Iraq 4 coordinated bomb attacks within minutes of each other hit the central city of Tikrit, 130 km (80 miles) north of Baghdad. A civilian walking by was killed and two others were wounded.  A gunman assassinated a jurist in Mosul.
    (www.ninanews.com/english/News_Details.asp?ar95_VQ=FMFFJL)(SFC, 7/2/12, p.A2)

2012        Jul 2, In Iraq a roadside bomb missed a police patrol that was moving through an intersection in Mansour neighborhood. The blast killed a nearby traffic policeman and wounded eight passers-by instead.
    (AP, 7/2/12)

2012        Jul 3, In central Iraq a truck bomb blamed on Al-Qaeda killed at least 40 people at a crowded market in Diwaniyah. Two car bombs killed 6 people in Karbala. Two separate gun and bomb attacks in Diyala province killed 4 people. In Taji a policeman was among 2 people killed in simultaneous bomb attacks. Another bomb attack in the town of Tuz Khurmatu killed a policeman and wounded another. In Baghdad, a series of assassinations by gunmen using silenced pistols left 3 people dead two police officers and a parliament official. An army major was killed while leading raids on two suspected Al-Qaeda safe houses in which five alleged insurgents were detained.
    (AFP, 7/3/12)(AFP, 7/4/12)(SFC, 7/4/12, p.A3)

2012        Jul 4, In central Iraq a car bombing at a market Iraq killed eight people and three others were murdered in Baghdad, the latest in a spike in nationwide unrest ahead of Shiite rituals.
    (AFP, 7/4/12)

2012        Jul 5, Iraq's top diplomat said he had "solid information" that al-Qaida militants were crossing from Iraq to Syria to carry out attacks. Explosions in Baghdad and Mosul killed at least six people and wounded 17 more. The Baghdad attack targeted the house of a government official killing his wife and two daughters.
    (AFP, 7/5/12)

2012        Jul 6, In Iraq millions of Shiite pilgrims commemorated the birth of a central figure in Shiite Islam in Karbala under heavy security measures after a series of recent attacks targeting worshippers. A suicide bomber detonated an explosives-rigged belt at a gathering of his own family, killing his pro-government cousin and six other relatives in Ramadi.
    (AFP, 7/6/12)(AP, 7/7/12)
2012        Jul 6, The United States again urged members of an exiled Iranian opposition group, the People's Mujahedeen of Iran, also known as the Mujahedeen-e Khalq (MEK), to leave their long-time base in Iraq, saying a move could facilitate their removal from a US terror blacklist.
    (AFP, 7/6/12)

2012        Jul 8, Iraqi Kurdistan said it has begun sending oil produced in its three-province autonomous region out of the country without the express permission of the central government. It was being exported to Turkey so it could be refined into various products before being brought back to Kurdistan.
    (AFP, 7/8/12)
2012        Jul 8, Kuwait's Zain telecom said its Iraqi unit has been fined $12,877 a day since September 1 for failing to list on the Iraqi bourse but will seek to have the penalty that has reached $4 million scrapped.
    (AFP, 7/8/12)

2012        Jul 13, In Iraq 2 people were killed and 16 others wounded in five separate attacks.
    (AFP, 7/13/12)

2012        Jul 14, In northern Iraq gunmen killed five soldiers and policemen when they attacked a checkpoint in the Turkmen town of Rashidiyah.
    (AFP, 7/14/12)

2012        Jul 15, Iraq signed a gas exploration deal with Pakistan Petroleum.
    (AFP, 7/15/12)

2012        Jul 16, Iraq signed an initial deal with a Kuwait-led consortium made up of Kuwait Energy, Dubai-based Dragon Oil and Turkey's TPAO. A contract was awarded to a Russia-led group to drill for energy, part of Baghdad's efforts to strengthen its role as a major producer.
    (AFP, 7/16/12)

2012        Jul 17, Iraq's government urged all its citizens living in Syria to return home immediately to escape the escalating civil war.
    (AP, 7/17/12)

2012        Jul 19, Chevron made public a deal to hunt for oil in the Kurdish region of northern Iraq.
    (SFC, 7/20/12, p.A1)

2012        Jul 20, Iraqi officials said hundreds of Iraqis had flown out of Syria over the past two days to escape an escalating civil war. They said an estimated 50 buses, some 3,000 people, had so far come through al-Walid.
    (AP, 7/20/12)
2012        Jul 20, In Turkey an explosion and fire shut down twin pipelines that carry oil from Iraq to the Mediterranean.
    (AP, 7/21/12)

2012        Jul 21,  Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, who became head of the Islamic State of Iraq in 2010, claimed that the Al-Qaida affiliated militant network is returning to the old strongholds from which it was driven by US forces and their Sunni allies prior to the American withdrawal at the end of last year.
    (AP, 7/22/12)

2012        Jul 22, In Iraq a car bomb in the center of Najaf wounded 23 people. 17 people were killed across the country.
    (AFP, 7/22/12)(AFP, 8/1/12)

2012        Jul 23, In Iraq bombings and shootings killed 115 people in the deadliest day this year. 29 coordinated attacks in 19 cities sent a chilling warning that al-Qaida is slowly resurging in the security vacuum created by a weak government in Baghdad and the departure of the US military seven months ago.
    (AP, 7/23/12)(AFP, 7/24/12)(AP, 7/26/12)(AFP, 8/1/12)(AP, 8/17/12)

2012        Jul 24, In Iraq a car bomb in the town of Ad-Dawr, in Salaheddin province north of Baghdad, killed the wife and four children of a police captain. A roadside bomb in south Baghdad killed at least two people and wounded three others.
    (AFP, 7/25/12)

2012        Jul 25, The Islamic State of Iraq claimed responsibility for the July 23 attacks that left 113 dead in a statement posted on jihadist forum Honein.
    (AFP, 7/25/12)

2012        Jul 26, In Iraq militants downed an army helicopter killing one soldier. Overnight gun battles around the town of Hadid killed at least 19 people including 11 policemen, in what appeared to be part of an al-Qaida surge to retake one of its former strongholds.
    (AP, 7/26/12)

2012        Jul 29, In Iraq 7 police were killed in two bombings and a drive-by shooting in the former al-Qaida stronghold of Fallujah.
    (AP, 7/29/12)

2012        Jul 30, In Iraq gunmen shot dead television presenter Ghazwan Anas and wounded his mother, wife and four-month-old baby boy in Mosul.
    (AP, 7/31/12)
2012        Jul 30, A report by the Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction was released. It found that the American Embassy in Baghdad never got a written commitment from Iraq to participate in a Police Development Program. US auditors have concluded that more than $200 million was wasted on the program that Baghdad says is neither needed nor wanted.
    (AP, 7/30/12)

2012        Jul 31, In Iraq twin car bombs in Baghdad targeted the security headquarters killing 21 people, while another attack west of the capital left two people dead.
    (AFP, 7/31/12)(AFP, 8/1/12)(SFC, 8/14/12, p.A2)

2012        Aug 1, Iraqi official figures were released showing July as the deadliest month in Iraq in almost two years, with 325 people killed in attacks, and included the deadliest day since December 2009.
    (AFP, 8/1/12)

2012        Aug 2, In Iraq 3 attacks on separate checkpoints north of Baghdad killed eight people, including four policemen and three anti-Qaeda militiamen. In all 33 people were killed in attacks mainly targeting the security forces.
    (AFP, 8/2/12)(AFP, 8/3/12)
2012        Aug 2, Iraq's Kurdistan region said it will resume oil exports during the first week of August as a confidence-building measure, after stopping them for more than four months following a row with Baghdad. Kurdistan halted oil exports to the federal government on April 1 over $1.5 billion it said is owed to foreign oil companies working in the region, that Baghdad has allegedly withheld.
    (AFP, 8/2/12)

2012        Aug 3, In Iraq a roadside bomb killed four soldiers at an army patrol east of Dhuluiyah.
    (AFP, 8/3/12)

2012        Aug 6, In southeastern Turkey an overnight blast interrupted oil flow from Iraq. Kurdish rebels were suspected to be behind the explosions. The blast hit the Kirkuk-Ceyhan pipeline in Mardin province close to the border with Syria. Repairs were expected to take up to 10 days. The oil flow was reported restored on August 28.
    (AFP, 8/6/12)(AFP, 8/28/12)

2012        Aug 8, In Iraq a car bomb targeting Shiite Muslims in Al-Tanmiyah village and the shooting of a lawyer and his family in Baiji left 21 people dead, after Al-Qaeda warned it would target lawyers and retake territory in a new campaign.
    (AFP, 8/8/12)

2012        Aug 9, In Iraq two roadside bombs exploded in a market in Al-Wehda area south of Baghdad, killing two people and wounding 19 others. Gunmen armed with silenced weapons killed a member of the Sahwa anti-Qaeda militia in northern Baghdad.
    (AFP, 8/9/12)

2012        Aug 10, In Iraq a bombing against a police patrol in Diyala province killed 3 policemen. In Anbar province city councilman Nabil Shaaker was killed and two of his brothers wounded when gunmen fired on their car.
    (AFP, 8/10/12)

2012        Aug 12, In Iraq twin bombings and a shooting in and around Baghdad killed five people, including three Iraqi policemen.
    (AFP, 8/12/12)

2012        Aug 13, A government spokesman says Iraq has asked French oil giant Total S.A. to choose between working with the self-ruled northern Kurdish region or to quit developing one of the major oil fields in southern Iraq.
    (AP, 8/13/12)

2012        Aug 15, In Iraq attacks in Baquba and Maqdadiya left 13 people dead.
    (AFP, 8/16/12)(SFC, 8/16/12, p.A2)

2012        Aug 16, In Iraq a wave of attacks killed at least 93 people. More than 100 people were wounded in 15 explosions, including seven car bombs, a suicide attack, and a shooting, in nine cities and towns nationwide.
    (AFP, 8/16/12)(AP, 8/17/12)
2012        Aug 16, In Iraq Banin Haider (4) was kidnapped in Zubair, a rundown town just outside the city of Basra. Police later found her body in a derelict area with her hands and legs bound. She was raped multiple times, and her head was smashed by what was believed to be a large brick. An off-duty soldier assigned to a nearby army base, Akram al-Mayahi, was arrested in connection with the Banin's murder. He was found guilty on Oct. 22 and sentenced to death for abusing and killing the girl.
    (AP, 11/9/12)

2012        Aug 18, In northern Iraq gunmen raided two family homes in Mosul, killing six people. Mosul was once an al-Qaida stronghold.
    (AP, 8/18/12)
2012        Aug 18, In Iraq Maryam Rajavi, president of the National Council of Resistance of Iran, which includes the People's Mujahedeen Organization of Iran (PMOI), said: “As a gesture of goodwill, the residents of Ashraf will commence the 6th convoy of 400 residents from Camp Ashraf to Camp Liberty on August 23."
    (AFP, 8/18/12)

2012        Aug 19, In Iraq Sunni religious leader Mehdi al-Sumaidaie, was critically wounded by a car bomb as the Eid al-Fitr festival began in Baghdad. 4 others were killed. He had called on Iraqis to fight US troops but has more recently advocated national reconciliation.
    (AFP, 8/19/12)(SFC, 8/20/12, p.A2)
2012        Aug 19, The New York Times reported that Iraq is helping its neighbor Iran skirt international sanctions by smuggling oil and letting Tehran secretly move large amounts of cash through bank auctions.
    (AFP, 8/19/12)

2012        Aug 23, Syrian military planes crossed into Iraqi airspace in order to carry out air strikes against the border town of Albu Kamal, which is held by rebel forces. Rebels waged fierce battles with regime troops in a town along the Iraqi border, capturing a string of security posts and the local police headquarters despite heavy government shelling and bombing runs by warplanes. The Syrian army recaptured Christian areas in Aleppo.
    (AFP, 8/23/12)(AP, 8/23/12)

2012        Aug 24, In Iraq a mortar attack targeting Shiite worshippers killed three people in eastern Baghdad. Authorities were investigating whether attackers set off explosions that sparked an early morning fire at a nightclub that left six dead.
    (AP, 8/24/12)

2012        Aug 25, In northern Iraq separate shootings in Mosul left three people dead, including a local councilor.
    (AFP, 8/25/12)
2012        Aug 25, Turkish warplanes bombed areas of northern Iraq in a bid to target rear bases of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK).
    (AFP, 8/25/12)

2012        Aug 27, Iraqi officials said gunmen with silenced weapons killed army Brig. Gen. Abdul-Muhsen Khazal in the Sunni town of Taji. Two civilians died in separate attacks in Haditha and Mosul.
    (AP, 8/27/12)

2012        Aug 26, In Iraq gunmen with silenced weapons killed five people in two attacks in Baghdad.
    (AP, 8/26/12)

2012        Aug 29, In Iraq attackers killed 2 military officers in Baghdad including Brig. Gen. Nadhum Tayeh. 3 policemen were killed in Kirkuk.
    (AP, 8/29/12)

2012        Aug 31, In Iraq gunmen shot dead four Shiite worshippers in three separate attacks in Baghdad.
    (AP, 8/31/12)
2012        Aug 31, An Iranian opposition organization said that a final convoy of 680 of its members will leave Camp Ashraf on September 12 for the new Hurriya transit center near Baghdad.
    (AFP, 9/1/12)

2012        Sep 2, In Iraq two bomb attacks against security forces killed four people including two policemen and two soldiers in Tuz Khurmatu and the northern city of Kirkuk.
    (AFP, 9/4/12)

2012        Sep 4, In northern Iraq bombings and shootings, mostly targeting security forces, left eight people dead, including six soldiers and a police general.
    (AFP, 9/4/12)

2012        Sep 5, American senators visiting Iraq warned the Baghdad government that it risked damaging relations with the US if it is allowing Iran to fly over its airspace to deliver weapons to Syria.
    (AP, 9/5/12)

2012        Sep 7, In Iraq 3 separate bomb attacks against Shiite mosques in Kirkuk killed eight civilians and injured 70 others.
    (AP, 9/8/12)

2012        Sep 9, In Iraq insurgents killed at least 92 people in a wave of bombings and attacks against Iraqi security forces, gunning down soldiers at an army post and bombing police recruits waiting in line to apply for jobs.
    (AP, 9/9/12)(AP, 9/10/12)
2012        Sep 9, Iraq's fugitive Sunni vice president Tariq al-Hashemi was sentenced to death after a Baghdad court found him guilty of masterminding the killings of a lawyer and a government security official.
    (AP, 9/9/12)

2012        Sep 10, In Iraq Iraqi gunmen shot dead three anti-al-Qaida fighters manning a security checkpoint north of Baghdad. A car bomb killed 8 people and wounded 32 outside a restaurant in the southwestern Baghdad.
    (AP, 9/10/12)

2012        Sep 16, In Iraq the last big batch of a group of controversial Iranian exiles reluctantly left Camp Ashraf, their decades-old home in northeast Iraq, and moved to a refugee camp outside Baghdad, taking what officials say is a necessary step towards resettling them in other nations. An estimated 200 exiles remained to try to sell off the property that was left behind in the move.
    (AP, 9/16/12)

2012        Sep 17, In Iraq slammed a car packed with explosives into one of the gates of Baghdad’s Green Zone killing 8 people.
    (SFC, 9/18/12, p.A2)

2012        Sep 22, In Iraq a roadside bomb attack killed 5 soldiers on a military convoy near the predominantly Sunni town of Duluiyah.
    (SSFC, 9/23/12, p.A8)

2012        Sep 23, In Iraq attacks killed five people in Baghdad, targeting security forces and Shiite Muslims in the small but steady stream of continuing violence.
    (AP, 9/23/12)

2012        Sep 24, In Iraq a suicide car bomb went off near a school in western Anbar province, killing four children.
    (AP, 9/24/12)

2012        Sep 28, In Iraq prisoners overnight  seized weapons and set off hours-long clashes with security guards at a prison in Tikrit that left 20 dead, including 16 security force members. Of 303 inmates at the prison, 102 escaped in the jailbreak, including 47 al-Qaida-linked inmates awaiting execution. The Interior Ministry called it an inside job. In Basra gunmen shot dead the former governor, Mohammed al-Wailie, as he was driving his car in the city center.
    (AP, 9/28/12)(AP, 9/29/12)

2012        Sep 30, In Iraq bombs striking Shiite neighborhoods, security forces and other targets across the country killed at least 26 people. In all, at least 94 people were wounded in the wave of attacks.
    (AP, 9/30/12)

2012        Oct 2, Iraq signed a $14 million deal with a US consortium to modernize a major port in the country's southern province of Basra in a move aimed at developing key infrastructure neglected during years of war and sanctions. The 10-year agreement was with a consortium led by North America Western Asia Holdings.
    (AP, 10/2/12)

2012        Oct 3, An Iraqi court sentenced an American citizen to life in prison on charges of assisting al-Qaida and financing terrorist activities in Iraq. According to the Interior Ministry Omar Rashad Khalil (53) was recruited by al-Qaida in Iraq in 2005. Khalil, an architectural engineer, is of Palestinian descent and entered Iraq in 2001. Five bystanders were killed and 13 people wounded in a morning car bombing in Baghdad. Six people convicted on terrorism charges were executed today, bringing the number of executions since the beginning of this year to 102.
    (AP, 10/4/12)

2012        Oct 5, In Iraq a double bombing near a Shiite mosque in Baghdad killed five people, including four worshippers.
    (AP, 10/5/12)

2012        Oct 7, Turkish jets struck suspected Kurdish rebel targets in two separate cross-border raids in northern Iraq.
    (AP, 10/8/12)

2012        Oct 9, In Iraq a series of attacks across the country killed six people, including three soldiers and a judge.
    (AP, 10/9/12)

2012        Oct 10, An Iraqi official says the government has decided to stop paying the salary of the country's fugitive Sunni Vice President Tariq al-Hashemi, a month after he was sentenced to death for terrorism-related crimes.
    (AP, 10/10/12)

2012        Oct 11, In Iraq Abeer Ali (5) was abducted while her family attended a wedding in Zubair. Her body was found 12 hours later in an empty lot, bearing similar signs of trauma to Banin Haider, who was raped and killed in the same area on Aug 16. Abeer was strangled with a shoelace. The suspected kidnapper phoned nine friends and invited them to take part in the rape. So far, eight people have been arrested and have confessed. All of those arrested in the two cases were drug addicts under the influence at the time of the crimes.
    (AP, 11/9/12)

2012        Oct 15, In Iraq a string of insurgent attacks killed four people. This included a pair of car bombs in the ethnically divided northern city of Kirkuk that left one dead and 20 people wounded.
    (AP, 10/15/12)

2012        Oct 16, In Iraq a string of insurgent attacks killed eight people. This included three car bombs in Kirkuk that left 3 dead and 23 wounded. Gunmen in a speeding car attacked an army check point in the city of Tuz Khormato outside Kirkuk, killing two soldiers. Gunmen fatally shot two brothers who are members of the anti-al-Qaida group known as Sahwa, after breaking into their house in Samarra. In Baghdad gunmen staged a drive-by shooting against a civilian car in a southern suburb, killing an army officer and wounding three others.
    (AP, 10/16/12)

2012        Oct 17, In Iraq a roadside bomb hit a police patrol in western Baghdad, killing two policemen and wounding two others. Another bomb went off in a grocery market in southern Baghdad, killing two civilians and wounding seven. A third bomb exploded in a market in the city's east killing one person and wounding six others.
    (AP, 10/17/12)

2012        Oct 19, In Iraq a roadside bomb struck the pilgrim's bus near the town of Balad. After the bomb exploded gunmen opened fire on the bus from the roadside. 4 Pakistani Shiite pilgrims heading to a shrine died in the attack. 14 others were wounded. Gunmen shot dead a police lieutenant colonel who worked with the State Identity Directorate.
    (AP, 10/19/12)(AP, 10/20/12)

2012        Oct 20, In Iraq a roadside bomb near a Shiite shrine and a string of shootings that targeted security forces killed at least 17 people in Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/20/12)(SSFC, 10/21/12, p.A4)

2012        Oct 23, In Iraq a series of attacks struck Shiite neighborhoods in Baghdad early today, killing nine people and wounding 26.
    (AP, 10/23/12)

2012        Oct 24, Iraqi insurgents launched a new wave of attacks in Baghdad and Kirkuk targeting security forces and a local politician, killing four members of the security forces and one child.
    (AP, 10/24/12)

2012        Oct 26, In Iraq a car bomb exploded near a Shiite mosque south of Baghdad and gunmen opened fire on a security checkpoint elsewhere, leaving 4 dead and 8 wounded.
    (SFC, 10/27/12, p.A2)

2012        Oct 27, In Iraq a bombing near playing children and other insurgent strikes killed 40 people, challenging government efforts to promote a sense of stability by preventing attacks during a major Muslim holiday.
    (AP, 10/27/12)(AP, 10/28/12)

2012        Oct 28, In Iraq twin bombings near a market southeast of Baghdad killed three people and wounded eight others in Madain.
    (AP, 10/28/12)

2012        Nov 1, An Iraqi court unexpectedly convicted the country's fugitive Sunni vice president Tariq al-Hashem on charges of instigating bodyguards to assassinate a senior government official and sentenced him to death for a 2nd time. The criminal court in Baghdad also sentenced al-Hashemi's son-in-law, Ahmed Qahtan, to death on the same charges.
    (AP, 11/1/12)

2012        Nov 3, Iraqi insurgents gunned down three soldiers at a checkpoint in Taji,     20 km from Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/3/12)

2012        Nov 4, An Iraqi court handed the country's fugitive Sunni vice president a new death sentence after finding him guilty of ordering his bodyguards to attack Shiite pilgrims last December. It was the third case in which Tariq al-Hashemi was sentenced to death since last spring. The court also sentenced his son-in-law, Ahmed Qahtan, to death on similar charges.
    (AP, 11/4/12)

2012        Nov 5, In Iraq a car bomb struck an army patrol in Taji, wounding eight people. Another bombing near an outdoor market in a Shiite neighborhood on Baghdad's outskirts killed four.
    (AP, 11/6/12)

2012        Nov 6, In Iraq a suicide bomber driving a car packed with explosives detonated the vehicle near an Iraqi military base in Taji as soldiers changed shifts, killing at least 32 people and wounding more than 46.
    (AP, 11/6/12)

2012        Nov 7, In Iraq  two car bombs in a predominately Yazidi town near the northern city of Mosul killed two people.
    (AP, 11/8/12)

2012        Nov 8, In Iraq 3 car bombs in towns south of Baghdad killed four people and injured 16 others.
    (AP, 11/8/12)

2012        Nov 14, In Iraq insurgents unleashed a new wave of bombings across the country targeting security forces and civilians. At least 20 people were killed and over 100 wounded in the latest challenge to government efforts to promote a sense of stability.
    (AP, 11/14/12)(SFC, 11/15/12, p.A7)

2012        Nov 16, In Iraq Ali Mussa Daqduq, a Hezbollah commander wanted by the United States,  was released from house arrest in Baghdad. The US believes Daqduq was the mastermind of a 2007 raid on an American military base in Karbala that killed five US soldiers.
    (AP, 11/16/12)
2012        Nov 16, Iraqi government forces and Kurdish guards clashed for the first time, sparked by a police hunt for a smuggler who sought refuge in a Kurdish political party office. A civilian was killed.
    (AP, 11/20/12)

2012        Nov 17, In Iraq 7 people, including 3 Iranian pilgrims, were killed when an explosives-laden car detonated as they were exiting a rest stop in Balad, 50 km north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/17/12)

2012        Nov 18, In Iraq a suicide car bomber drove his explosive-laden car into a police check point in the town of Khalis, killing two civilians and one policeman. 16 other people were wounded.
    (AP, 11/18/12)

2012        Nov 20, Iraqi President Jalal Talbani, a leading Kurdish figure, met the head of the autonomous region, Massoud Barzani. The commander of Kurdish Peshmerga forces warned that his troops might attack Iraqi government soldiers at "any minute" after the central government sent tanks and armored vehicles toward the disputed city of Kirkuk.
    (AP, 11/20/12)

2012        Nov 27, In Iraq insurgents launched attacks against security forces and civilians in Baghdad, Kirkuk city and Diyala province. At least 30 people were killed and dozens wounded. Shiite mosques in Baghdad were main targets. 
    (AP, 11/27/12)(SFC, 11/28/12, p.A2)

2012        Nov 28, In Iraq gunmen broke into the home of two anti-al-Qaida militiamen, killing seven family members in the town of Tarmiyah.
    (AP, 11/28/12)

2012        Nov 29, In southern Iraq back-to-back explosions tore through tents housing Shiite pilgrims in Hillah killing at least 29 people. A wave of bombings nationwide killed at least 43 people. The nationwide death toll was the highest since Oct. 27 when 40 people were killed in a string of bombings and other attacks.
    (AP, 11/29/12)

2012        Dec 2, In Iraq gunmen broke into the house of an anti-al-Qaida militiaman near Samarra and killed him and his two sons.
    (AP, 12/2/12)

2012        Dec 4, In Iraq gunmen broke into a house in eastern Baghdad, killing six members of an Iraqi family.
    (AP, 12/4/12)

2012        Dec 6, Iraq’s PM Nouri al-Maliki said Baghdad and leaders of the Kurds' self-ruled autonomous region have agreed that units will be formed from local ethnic and sectarian groups to replace Iraqi and Kurdish forces currently in the disputed areas, claimed by Arabs, Turkomen and Kurds.
    (AP, 12/6/12)
2012        Dec 6, In Iraq gunmen killed five policemen in an attack on a checkpoint south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 12/6/12)

2012        Dec 9, In Iraq a bomb exploded near the house of an anti-al-Qaida militiaman south of Baghdad, killing him, his 8-year-old son and another family member in Iskandariyah.
    (AP, 12/9/12)

2012        Dec 12, In Iraq a suspected al-Qaida detainee tried to blow himself up inside a prison cell in Baghdad, wounding himself and six others.
    (AP, 12/12/12)

2012        Dec 13, Iraq's President Jalal Talabani announced that the central government and Kurdish leaders have reached a deal aimed at easing a military standoff that began last month.
    (AP, 12/13/12)
2012        Dec 13, In Iraq a car bomb went off in a commercial street in western Baghdad, killing four people and wounding eight others. In Anbar province two soldiers were killed after another bomb exploded near their observation post in the city of Fallujah.
    (AP, 12/13/12)

2012        Dec 16, In Iraq a car bomb explosion near a Kurdish party office killed two people in Julala, a disputed city north of Baghdad. 6 others died in a series of blasts aimed at Shiite targets in Kirkuk.
    (AP, 12/16/12)(SFC, 12/17/12, p.A2)
2012        Dec 16, A British medical watchdog ruled that Derek Keilloh, a former army doctor, failed to protect detainees and acted dishonestly following the death of Baha Mousa, an Iraqi civilian beaten and killed in the custody of UK troops in Sep, 2003.
    (AP, 12/17/12)

2012        Dec 17, In Iraq a wave of bombings across the country hit a number of targets, including residents of ethnically disputed areas, killing 25 people and wounding dozens.
    (AP, 12/17/12)

2012        Dec 18, Iraqi President Jalal Talabani suffered a stroke and was in intensive care at a Baghdad hospital, injecting new uncertainty into the country's political future a year after the US military left.
    (AP, 12/18/12)

2012        Dec 19, In Iraq the Sunni chief of Finance Minister Rafia al-Issawi's protection force was arrested on the strength of confessions made by some suspects. The chief reportedly confessed that he took part in terrorist attacks. 9 other bodyguards of al-Issawi were arrested and under investigation. The next day Al-Issawi angrily denounced the arrests.
    (AP, 12/21/12)

2012        Dec 21, In Iraq Sunni Deputy PM Saleh al-Mutlaq threatened that his Iraqiya bloc could withdraw from the political process altogether if lawmakers and independent bodies are not allowed to monitor the investigation involving al-Issawi's staff.
    (AP, 12/23/12)
2012        Dec 21, British Dr. Derek Keilloh was stripped of his medical license for misconduct and dishonesty over the death of an Iraqi man who was beaten and killed while in the custody of British troops. Keilloh had treated Baha Mousa, a hotel clerk who died at a British base after being detained in Basra in September 2003.
    (AP, 12/21/12)

2012        Dec 22, In Iraq a bomb hidden in a plastic bag exploded near the shop in the town of Qazaniyah 180 km northeast of Baghdad. 4 people were killed and 11 wounded.
    (AP, 12/22/12)

2012        Dec 23, In Iraq thousands of protesters demonstrated in the western Sunni heartland following the arrest of bodyguards assigned to Finance Minister Rafia al-Issaw, briefly blocking the main highway linking Baghdad with neighboring Jordan and Syria.
    (AP, 12/23/12)

2012        Dec 25, An Iraqi-Kurd official said the northern Kurdish region has suspended oil exports over a payment dispute with baghdad.
    (SFC, 12/26/12, p.A5)

2012        Dec 26, Thousands of Iraqi demonstrators massed in Sunni-dominated Anbar province, determined to keep up the pressure on a Shiite-led government that many accuse of trying to marginalize them.
    (AP, 12/26/12)

2012        Dec 28, Tens of thousands of Iraqi Sunnis angry over perceived second-class treatment by the Shiite-led government massed along a major western highway and elsewhere in the country for the largest protests yet in a week of demonstrations.
    (AP, 12/28/12)

2012        Dec 30, In western Iraq gunshots wounded at least two people at demonstrations when bodyguards protecting a senior Sunni politician opened fire to disperse protesters near Ramadi.
    (AP, 12/30/12)

2012        Dec 31, In Iraq insurgents launched a wave of attacks across the country, primarily targeting Shiite communities and pilgrims and killing at least 36 people. 4 policemen were killed in the northern city of Kirkuk while trying to defuse a bomb the center of the city. Another a policeman was killed when a bomb hit a police convoy in the town of Tuz Khormato.
    (AP, 12/31/12)(Econ, 1/5/12, p.35)

2013        Jan 3, Iraqi authorities ordered the release of 11 women facing criminal charges and pledged to transfer other women prisoners to jails in their home provinces, in a move to address a main demand during a wave of protests by the country's Sunni minority against the Baghdad government. A car bomb struck a procession of Shiite pilgrims in the town of Musayyib, about 60 km south of Baghdad, killing at least 20 and wounding dozens.
    (AP, 1/3/13)

2013        Jan 8, A lawyer for former detainees of Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq said 71 former detainees received a portion of a $5.28 million settlement involving US defense contractor Engility Holdings. The company’s L-3 Services subsidiary was accused of conspiring to torture the detainees.
    (SFC, 1/9/13, p.A3)

2013        Jan 11, In Iraq a dozen prisoners, including al-Qaida-linked death row inmates, escaped from the Taji prison near Baghdad. Thousands of mostly Sunni protesters rallied in the capital and other parts of the country, keeping pressure on the government for the release of detainees and changes to a tough counterterrorism law that Sunnis believe unfairly targets their sect.
    (AP, 1/11/13)

2013        Jan 12, In Iraq Shiite demonstrators took to the streets of Baghdad to show support for PM Nouri al-Maliki's government, which has faced angry protests in Sunni provinces in a sign of growing sectarian tensions.
    (AP, 1/12/13)

2013        Jan 13, In Iraq insurgent attacks in separate parts of the country killed four people including a 7-year-old boy and wounded five others. Attackers detonated a bomb next to a convoy carrying the Iraqi finance minister Rafia al-Issawi. He was not hurt in the bombing.
    (AP, 1/13/13)

2013        Jan 15, In western Iraq a suicide bomber in Fallujah assassinated Ifan Saadoun, a Sunni lawmaker, raising tensions in a part of the country that has been roiled by weeks of demonstrations.
    (AP, 1/15/13)

2013        Jan 16, In northern Iraq a suicide bomber driving a vehicle packed with explosives blew himself up outside the offices of a major Kurdish party in Kirkuk killing at least 19 people. A 3rd bomb at a nearby facility used by Kurdish security forces killed 4 more. Morning attacks across the country killed at least 33 people.
    (AP, 1/16/13)(AP, 1/17/13)(SFC, 1/17/13, p.A5)

2013        Jan 17, In Iraq insurgents unleashed a string of bomb attacks, mainly targeting Shiite Muslim pilgrims across the country, killing at least 26 people.
    (AP, 1/17/13)

2013        Jan 18, In western and central Iraq thousands of Sunnis rallied against the Shiite-led government's policies they see as sidelining their minority group.
    (AP, 1/18/13)

2013        Jan 19, In Iraq gunmen shot and killed the two policemen in a drive-by-shooting near the northern city of Mosul. In Kirkuk a civilian driver was killed when his truck hit a roadside bomb. A roadside bomb exploded just south of Baghdad, killing a policeman and wounding three others while they were on patrol.
    (AP, 1/19/13)

2013        Jan 20, In Iraq a man, identified by police as Talal Ali Abbas, ignited himself in a central square in Mosul where protesters have been rallying for weeks. They say other protesters quickly put the blaze out by smothering the flames with their coats.
    (AP, 1/20/13)

2013        Jan 22, In Iraq a string of car bomb attacks, most of them in and around Baghdad, killed at least 25 people and wounded dozens.
    (AP, 1/22/13)(SFC, 1/23/13, p.A2)

2013        Jan 23, In northern Iraq a suicide bomber blew himself up among Turkmen mourners at a Shiite funeral, killing at least 35 people in Tuz Khormato. Another 117 were wounded.
    (AP, 1/23/13)(SFC, 1/24/13, p.A4)

2013        Jan 25, Iraqi troops killed five protesters when they opened fire at demonstrators angry at the troops for preventing them from attending an anti-government rally in Fallujah. Gunmen attacked an army checkpoint in Fallujah, killing two soldiers and prompting local authorities to impose a curfew in the city.
    (AP, 1/25/13)

2013        Jan 26, In Iraq  170 lawmakers voted in favor of a law limiting the terms on the prime minister and other top officials. Lawmakers from al-Maliki's State of Law bloc boycotted the session. Gunmen killed two Iraqi soldiers and abducted three others in Fallujah as hundreds of mourners gathered for the funeral of protesters killed during a shooting by army troops a day earlier.
    (AP, 1/26/13)

2013        Jan 31, An Iraqi official said security forces arrested French journalist  Nadir Dendoune several days ago while he was taking photos  of a security location in Baghdad's southern Dora neighborhood.
    (AP, 1/31/13)

2013        Feb 1, In western Iraq tens of thousands of Sunni protesters blocked a major highway, as an al-Qaida-affiliated group called on Sunnis to take up arms against the Shiite-led government.
    (AP, 2/1/13)

2013        Feb 3, In Iraq a suicide car bomber joined by other suicide attackers on foot assaulted a provincial police headquarters in Kirkuk, killing at least 16 people and wounding 90 others.
    (AP, 2/3/13)(AP, 2/4/13)

2013        Feb 4, In Iraq a suicide bomber struck a group of anti-al-Qaida fighters in Taji, killing 21 people and wounding 44.
    (AP, 2/4/13)(AP, 2/5/13)

2013        Feb 5, In Iraq a suicide bomber rammed his explosives-laden car into an army checkpoint in Taji, killing at least four people — two soldiers and two civilians.
    (AP, 2/5/13)

2013        Feb 6, In central and northern Iraq assailants opened automatic fire on police checkpoints, killing four officers and wounding five.
    (AP, 2/6/13)

2013        Feb 8, In Iraq car bombs struck two outdoor markets and a group of taxi vans in Shiite areas across the country, killing at least 36 people and wounding nearly 100. Tens of thousands of Sunni protesters rallied in five major cities against PM Nouri al-Maliki.
    (AP, 2/8/13)

2013        Feb 9, In Iraq rockets and mortar rounds struck a refugee camp for Iranian exiles, members of Mujahedeen-e-Khalq, next to Baghdad's international airport before dawn, killing six people and wounding about 40. One of the injured died on Feb 12. The UN urged the Iraqi government to ensure the safety of the about 3,100 camp residents and move quickly to find the still-unidentified attackers. Another of the injured died on March 13.
    (AP, 2/9/13)(AP, 2/12/13)(AP, 3/14/13)

2013        Feb 10, In Iraq gunmen killed four people in three attacks in the northern city of Mosul.
    (AP, 2/10/13)

2013        Feb 11, In Iraq suicide bomber detonated his explosives-laden truck late at night at the gate of a military base inside the city of Mosul. 7 people were killed and 15 wounded. Elsewhere in Mosul assailants broke into a house, stabbing to death two men and two women, including a provincial officer's bodyguard.
    (AP, 2/12/13)

2013        Feb 13, The Iraqi panel tasked with purging government ranks of former members of Saddam Hussein's party removed Chief judge Medhat al-Mahmoud (80), the country's top judge, from his post because of alleged ties to the now-dissolved Baath party. On Feb 19 a judicial panel rejected the decision to remove al-Mahmoud from his post.
    (AP, 2/14/13)(AP, 2/19/13)

2013        Feb 15, In Iraq tens of thousands of Sunni Muslims rallied in several cities to protest what they describe as unfair treatment by the country's Shiite-led government, extending concerns over rising sectarian tension in the country.
    (AP, 2/15/13)

2013        Feb 16, In Iraq a suicide bomber, pretending to ask for help, assassinated Brig. Gen. Ali Aouni, the head of the Iraq Defense Ministry's intelligence academy, and three bodyguards at his home in the Tal Afar.
    (AP, 2/16/13)

2013        Feb 17, In Iraq multiple car bombs exploded within minutes of each other as Iraqis were out shopping in and around Baghdad, killing at least 37 people and wounding more than 100 in mainly Shiite areas.
    (AP, 2/17/13)

2013        Feb 21, In Iraq gunmen attacked an army checkpoint in Duluiayah, 75 km north of Baghdad, killing four soldiers and wounding four others.
    (AP, 2/21/13)

2013        Feb 22, In Iraq gunmen wearing military uniforms killed seven anti-al-Qaida militiamen in an attack in Tuz Khormato north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 2/22/13)

2013        Feb 27, An Iraqi plane landed in Kuwait for the first time since Saddam Hussein's 1990 invasion of the tiny emirate.
    (AP, 2/27/13)

2013        Feb 28, In Iraq  a car bomb tore a crowded livestock market in the town of Aziziyah, killing three and wounding eight people.
    (AP, 3/1/13)
2013        Feb 28, In Iraq a one-story boat moored to the shore of the Tigris River as part of the popular Lebanese Club restaurant complex, sank leaving 8 people dead in Baghdad.
    (AP, 3/1/13)

2013        Mar 1, Iraq's Sunni Finance Minister Rafia al-Issawi announced during a protest in the western city of Ramadi that he will resign from the government, heightening the country's political crisis. 2 car bombs struck a livestock market south of Baghdad, killing five and wounding dozens in Diawaniyah.
    (AP, 3/1/13)

2013        Mar 3, In central Iraq 3 separate attacks in Shiite-dominated areas killed at least four people and wounded 14.
    (AP, 3/3/13)

2013        Mar 4, In Iraq a suicide attacker drove a car laden with explosives into a police checkpoint in Mosul, killing five policemen and wounding 12 other people.
    (AP, 3/4/13)
2013        Mar 4, Syrian rebels pushed government troops from most of the northern city of Raqqa. Rebels launched an offensive to seize the military air base of Mannagh near the Turkish border and clashed with government forces at a historic mosque in Aleppo. Gunmen killed 48 Syrian soldiers who had crossed into Iraq for refuge. 9 Iraqi soldiers were also killed. Iraqi officials blamed the attack on al-Qaida's Iraq arm. On March 11 Al-Qaida's branch in Iraq claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 3/4/13)(AP, 3/5/13)(AP, 3/11/13)

2013        Mar 5, In Iraq a local leader of anti-al-Qaida militiamen was shot dead in western Baghdad, one of four people killed in violence in the city.
    (AP, 3/5/13)

2013        Mar 6, Iraq's Chaldean Catholic Church enthroned a new patriarch during a ceremonial mass that was held amid tight security in Baghdad. Louis Sako (64) replaced Emmanuel III Delly, who has retired.
    (AP, 3/6/13)

2013        Mar 7, Iraq's parliament approved a $118.6 billion national budget after months of wrangling over how much should be allocated to foreign oil companies working in the country's self-ruled northern Kurdish region. Police and health officials said six people were killed and 10 others were wounded in attacks across Iraq.
    (AP, 3/7/13)

2013        Mar 8, Iraqi Agricultural Minister Izzeddin al-Dolah announced his resignation after police opened fire on Sunni demonstrators in Mosul, killing one protester and wounding 5 others.
    (SFC, 3/9/13, p.A2)

2013        Mar 10, In Iraq gunmen shot and killed Bunyan Sabar al-Obeidi, a spokesman for the Sunni protesters in Kirkuk, as he was driving his car in the oil-rich city of Kirkuk.
    (AP, 3/10/13)

2013        Mar 11, In northern Iraq a suicide attacker drove his explosives-laden car into a police station, killing five people in Dibis near Kirkuk. Attacks elsewhere in the country killed six more Iraqis.
    (AP, 3/11/13)

2013        Mar 13, Kurdish rebels based in northern Iraq freed eight captured Turkish soldiers and officials as part of peace efforts between Turkey and the rebel group aimed at ending a decades-long conflict.
    (AP, 3/13/13)

2013        Mar 14, In Iraq attackers unleashed a carefully planned assault with car bombs and gunmen disguised as police on the Justice Ministry. The attack left at least 24 people dead and dozens wounded. The Islamic State of Iraq, an al-Qaida-linked group, soon claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 3/14/13)(AP, 3/17/13)

2013        Mar 15, In Iraq protesters clashed with police trying to prevent them from reaching the Abu Hanifa mosque, the most venerated Sunni mosque in Baghdad, as sect members again massed for anti-government rallies in several Iraqi cities. Several people were reported injured.
    (AP, 3/15/13)

2013        Mar 17, In Iraq 2 car bombs went off in Basra, killing 9 and wounding 24 in a rare attack in the Shiite-dominated south of the country.
    (AP, 3/17/13)

2013        Mar 19, In Iraq a wave of bombings tore through the Baghdad area, killing 65 people on the eve of the 10th anniversary of the US-led invasion and more than a year after the withdrawal of American troops. The next day the Islamic State of Iraq said the car bombs and other explosions came to avenge the executions and "massacres" of convicted Sunni inmates held in Iraqi prisons.
    (AP, 3/19/13)(AP, 3/20/13)

2013        Mar 20, In Iraq  a car bomb in eastern Baghdad killed two civilians and wounded four on the 10th anniversary of the US-led invasion.
    (AP, 3/20/13)

2013        Mar 22, In Iraq a police officer gunmen fatally shot Hussein Muslah, local leader of a militia opposed to al-Qaida, and his sons as they left their house in a village near Dujail.
    (AP, 3/22/13)

2013        Mar 26, In Iraq shootings and blasts killed five people, including two local politicians in a town north of Baghdad who died when a bomb attached to their car exploded.
    (AP, 3/26/13)

2013        Mar 27, In Iraq  a parked car bomb ripped through a residential area in the town of Musayyib, killing three civilians and wounding 14. Another bomb targeted a restaurant in the town of Madain, killing two people and wounding 11.
    (AP, 3/27/13)

2013        Mar 29, Iraqi government spokesman Ali al-Moussawi said Iraq would conduct more random searches to check for weapons heading for the forces of Syrian Pres. Assad or rebels seeking to topple his regime.
    (AP, 3/29/13)
2013        Mar 29, In Iraq a string of bombings targeting Shiite mosques killed at least 23 people and wounded dozens. 19 of the deaths were in Baghdad and 4 in Kirkuk.
    (AP, 3/29/13)

2013        Apr 1, In Iraq a suicide bomber drove a fuel-laden truck into a police station in Tikrit, killing 7 policemen. Gunmen attacked workers at a remote gas field near the Syria border, killing two men and kidnapping one. Some 50 assailants broke into the offices of four independent newspapers in Baghdad and stabbed and beat five employees there. They dragged one reporter to the building's roof and hurled him off, breaking both his legs.
    (AP, 4/1/13)(AP, 4/2/13)

2013        Apr 3, In Iraq  gunmen shot dead Yousef Sayhoud, a member of an anti-al-Qaida Sunni militia, along with his mother in the suburb of Abu Ghraib west of Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/3/13)

2013        Apr 5, In Iraq attackers detonated a bomb as an army jeep was driving through the western Baghdad neighborhood of Abu Ghraib, killing 3 soldiers. Another bomb exploded near a vegetable stand, killing 3 civilians and wounding 15 in the Shiite-dominated city of Hillah. In Baqouba a roadside bomb exploded as worshippers left a Sunni mosque, killing two and wounding a dozen people.
    (AP, 4/5/13)

2013        Apr 6, In Iraq a suicide bomber killed 20 people and wounded dozens at a political rally for a Sunni candidate in Baqouba.
    (AP, 4/6/13)
2013        Apr 6, An Iraqi Shiite militant group, the Hezbollah Brigades, said one of its members, Arfad Mohsen al-Hemedawi, was killed in Syria.
    (AP, 4/6/13)

2013        Apr 7, In Iraq 3 bombs exploded in Mosul killing 4 security officers and wounding 7 other people.
    (SFC, 4/8/13, p.A2)

2013        Apr 8, In Iraq a roadside bomb targeting an army vehicle in the Baghdad neighborhood of Abu Ghraib killed two soldiers and wounded another eight. Another roadside bomb exploded near a police car in Mosul, killing a policeman. A car bomb in Kirkuk killed a fighter with the pro-government group known as the Sahwa.
    (AP, 4/8/13)
2013        Apr 8, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, leader of the Islamic State of Iraq, Al-Qaida's branch in Iraq, announced a merger with Syria's extremist Jabhat al-Nusra, a move that shows the rising confidence of radicals within the Syrian rebel movement.
    (AP, 4/9/13)

2013        Apr 12, In Iraq a pair of bombs struck in quick succession outside a Sunni mosque north of Baghdad, killing at least 11 people and wounding more than 30. Minutes after the Kanaan attack, a bomb exploded near a Shiite mosque in western Baghdad, wounding eight.
    (AP, 4/12/13)

2013        Apr 14, In Iraq  a roadside bomb explosion followed by a gunbattle north of Baghdad killed three people, including Najam Saeed, a Sunni candidate running in the upcoming provincial elections. A series of attacks around the country killed a total of 10 people, including Saeed.
    (AP, 4/14/13)

2013        Apr 15, In Iraq insurgents launched what appeared to be a highly coordinated string of attacks, killing at least 55 and wounding more than 200 across the country.
    (AP, 4/15/13)
2013        Apr 15, The annual Goldman Environmental Prize was awarded to six activists for their efforts to protect the world ecosystem. They included Nohra Padilla (50) of Colombia, who began organizing waste pickers in Bogota in 1990 into the Bogota Recyclers’ Assoc.; Rossano Ercolini (57) of Italy for setting up a trash collection and conservation system; Kimberly Wasserman (36) of Chicago her grassroots campaign to close polluting coal-fired power plants; Aleta Baun (50) of Indonesia for organizing villages on west Timor against mining companies clearing forests for marble; Azzam Alwash (54) of Iraq for his efforts to restore Mesopotamian marshland; Jonathan Deal of South Africa for his efforts against hydraulic fracturing in Karoo.
    (SFC, 4/15/13, p.A10)

2013        Apr 16, In Iraq  a car bomb went off targeting an army patrol north of Baghdad, killing 2 soldiers and wounding 7 people, 5 of them civilians. Another car bomb exploded near a car repair shops in Aziziyah town, killing 7 people with 20 wounded.
    (AP, 4/16/13)

2013        Apr 17, Iraq executed by hanging 21 prisoners convicted on terrorism charges and links to al-Qaida, setting off fresh criticism from an international human rights expert over Baghdad's insistence on carrying out capital punishment. 9 people were killed and 32 were wounded in four separate attacks in Baghdad and Anbar province.
    (AP, 4/17/13)

2013        Apr 18, In Iraq a suicide bombing attack on a Baghdad cafe killed 36 people and wounded dozens. A car bomb exploded, killing three soldiers and wounding five others traveling in an army convoy in Mosul. Hours later, one policeman was killed and three others were wounded when gunmen attacked a security checkpoint in western Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/18/13)(AP, 4/19/13)

2013        Apr 19, In Iraq mortar fire and bombs targeting worshippers killed 9 people and wounded 29 others in two attacks north of Baghdad shortly after noon prayers. The dead included 7 in Khalis and 2 in Kirkuk. An Iraqi soldier was killed in Hawija.
    (AP, 4/19/13)(Econ, 4/27/13, p.46)

2013        Apr 20, Iraqis braved the fear of violence to vote in the first election since the US military withdrawal. Officials have delayed voting in two largely Sunni provinces, Anbar and Ninevah, where large anti-government protests have been held, citing security concerns. The largely autonomous northern Kurdish region will hold local elections in September. Voters are also not balloting in the ethnically disputed and oil-rich province of Kirkuk, which has not had a chance to elect local officials since 2005 because residents cannot agree on a power-sharing formula there.
    (AP, 4/20/13)

2013        Apr 21, Iraqi election monitors reported multiple irregularities in the country's first provincial vote since US troops left, but were unclear as to whether results would be affected. A bomb went off in a popular kebab shop in Fallujah, killing eight and wounding 25.
    (AP, 4/21/13)

2013        Apr 22, Many of Iraq's Sunnis held a day of civil disobedience to protest the Shiite-led government's policies they perceive as being discriminatory against their minority.
    (AP, 4/22/13)

2013        Apr 23, Iraqi security forces backed by helicopters raided a Sunni protest camp before dawn, prompting clashes that left at least 56 people dead in the former insurgent stronghold of Hawija. Abdul-Karim Al-Sammarraie, the minister of science and technology, and Mohammed Tamim, the Minister of Education, submitted their resignations in the wake of the killings in Hawija. 3 soldiers were killed in the fighting.
    (AP, 4/23/13)(AP, 4/24/13)(AP, 4/25/13)(Econ, 4/27/13, p.46)

2013        Apr 24, In Iraq clashes erupted between the Iraqi army and armed Sunni tribesmen who sealed off two central Iraqi towns, leaving 38 dead. Security forces killed 3 gunmen who attacked a checkpoint in the country's north amid escalating Sunni-Shiite tensions. 10 gunmen and 4 police officers were killed in clashes in Mosul, and 12 policemen were wounded. Police reported fierce clashes in Suleiman Beg with 4 soldiers and 12 others killed, including some gunmen.
    (AP, 4/24/13)(AP, 4/25/13)

2013        Apr 25, In Iraq gunmen took over Suleiman Beg, a Sunni town north of Baghdad, after a firefight with security forces. Fighting since April 23 in Sunni towns in western and northern Iraq have left more than 100 people dead in clashes and other violence.
    (AP, 4/25/13)
2013        Apr 25, A pro-Kurdish news agency said Kurdish rebels will start withdrawing thousands of guerrilla fighters from Turkey on May 8 and retreat across the border to northern Iraq, in an important milestone toward ending the nearly three-decade old insurgency that has cost tens of thousands of lives.
    (AP, 4/25/13)

2013        Apr 26, Iraqi soldiers backed by tanks retook control of  Suleiman Beg, a Sunni town north of Baghdad, after gunmen withdrew without a fight. A bomb blast hit Sunni worshippers as they were leaving a mosque in western Baghdad, killing 5 worshippers and wounding 22 others. Minutes later, a Sunni was killed and six others were wounded after bomb struck Sunnis near a mosque in the Rashidiyah area.
    (AP, 4/26/13)

2013        Apr 27, In Iraq gunmen killed five soldiers in Ramadi near the main Sunni protest camp west of Baghdad. Gunmen also opened fire on a checkpoint manned by government-allied Sunni fighters, killing five of them, near the city of Tikrit.
    (AP, 4/27/13)

2013        Apr 28, Iraqi authorities announced that they have revoked the operating licenses of pan-Arab broadcaster Al-Jazeera and nine other satellite TV channels, alleging that they are promoting a sectarian agenda as the country grapples with a wave of violence.
    (AP, 4/28/13)

2013        Apr 29, In central and southern Iraq 5 car bombs struck in predominantly Shiite cities and districts, killing 36 people and wounding dozens in the latest wave of violence roiling the country.
    (AP, 4/29/13)

2013        May 1, In Iraq two car bombs in Baghdad and Fallujah killed at least eight people and wounded 27.
    (AP, 5/1/13)

2013        May 2, In Iraq gunmen and security forces clashed in several districts of the former Sunni insurgent stronghold of Mosul. 9 police and 4 militants were killed in the fighting.
    (AP, 5/3/13)
2013        May 2, The UN said it recorded 712 people killed in Iraq last month, including 117 members of the security forces. More people were killed in violent attacks across the country in April than in any other month since June 2008.
    (AP, 5/2/13)

2013        May 3, In Iraq a bomb attack outside the al-Ghofran mosque in a primarily Sunni area of Rashidiya killed 7 worshippers as Sunnis continued to hold demonstrations to protest what they say is second-class treatment by the Shiite-led government.
    (AP, 5/3/13)

2013        May 5, In Iraq bomb went off near the Sunni Zein al-Abideen mosque in the western suburbs of Baghdad. One by-passer was killed, six others were wounded. Hours later gunmen stormed the house of a district mayor in Mahmoudiya town, killing the mayor and his son. Altogether 9 people were killed in series of explosions in and around Baghdad.
    (AP, 5/5/13)(AP, 5/6/13)

2013        May 6, In Iraq two car bombs blew up in a Baghdad suburb, killing 6 people in the deadlier of two attacks that left at least 10 dead. Attackers in a speeding car threw grenades at Sunni worshippers leaving al-Ihsan mosque in Baghdad's Mansour neighborhood, killing 7 and wounding 16.
    (AP, 5/6/13)

2013        May 8, In Iraq at least 8 people were killed and nearly 40 were wounded in separate attacks in Fallujah, Kirkuk, Mosul and Baghdad.
    (AP, 5/8/13)

2013        May 9, Iraq rejected a key element of an accord to bring an end to a long Kurdish uprising in Turkey — offering refuge to rebel fighters in country's north.
    (AP, 5/9/13)

2013        May 10, In Iraq a bombing at a Sunni mosque near Baghdad killed three worshippers and wounded seven others. Iraq’s border with Jordan was reopened this morning for the first time since April 29.
    (AP, 5/10/13)

2013        May 11, In Iraq  a suicide tanker truck packed with explosives blew up outside the home of an army intelligence officer, killing three people and wounding 18 others in al-Shurqat, 250 km northwest of Baghdad.
    (AP, 5/11/13)

2013        May 12, In Iraq gunfire attacks killed five people. They included 3 civilians in Mishada, a police officer in Baghdad and Ali Hussein, a Sunni member of the Basra Provincial Council.
    (AP, 5/12/13)

2013        May 14, In Iraq a convoy of gunmen opened fire on a row of liquor stores in eastern Baghdad immediately after sunset, killing 11 people and wounding five others.
    (AP, 5/14/13)
2013        May 14, The first Kurdish fighters crossed from Turkey into northern Iraq as part of a peace deal to end a long uprising despite Iraqi objections to the transfer. The Iraqi Cabinet reiterated its rejection of the deal and of the presence of PKK fighters.
    (AP, 5/14/13)

2013        May 15, In Iraq a wave of bombings struck in mainly in Shiite neighborhoods, killing 33 people and raising concerns over a return to the sectarian bloodshed.
    (AP, 5/16/13)
2013        May 15, Fourteen members of the Mujahedeen-e-Khalq arrived in Albania from Iraq, the first of 210 set to travel to new homes in Albania.
    (AP, 5/16/13)

2013        May 16, In Iraq car bombs struck Shiite neighborhoods of Baghdad and Mosul, killing 21 people. Gunmen in Baghdad shot dead the brother of a Sunni lawmaker.
    (AP, 5/16/13)

2013        May 17, In Iraq bombs ripped through Sunni areas in Baghdad and surrounding areas, killing at least 76 people. The deadliest blast struck worshippers as they were leaving the main Sunni mosque in Baqouba. Another explosion went off shortly afterward as people gathered to help the wounded, leaving 41 dead and 56 wounded. In Baghdad a bomb exploded near a shopping center in the mainly Sunni neighborhood of Amariyah, killing 21 people. Another bomb in a commercial district in the Dora neighborhood killed 4 people. A blast struck a cafe in Fallujah killing 2 people. A roadside bomb during a Sunni funeral procession in Madain killed 8 mourners.
    (AP, 5/17/13)

2013        May 18, In Iraq gunmen kidnapped 8 policemen who were guarding a post on the main highway to Jordan and Syria. Gunmen broke into the house of an anti-terrorism police officer in the southern suburbs of Baghdad, killing 5 people including Cap. Adnan Ibrahim and his sleeping family. In Basra gunmen shot and killed a Sunni cleric, Assad Nassir, as he was leaving his house. 2 Iraqi soldiers were killed and two others wounded when a roadside bomb exploded in Mosul. A string of attacks across the country killed at least 16 people.
    (AP, 5/18/13)

2013        May 20, In Iraq a wave of car bombs and shootings killed at least 113 people in Shiite and Sunni areas. This included ten car bombs in Baghdad, killing at least 46 people and wounding more than 150. Authorities found 13 dead bodies in a remote desert area of Anbar province. The bodies included eight policemen who were kidnapped by gunmen on May 17, had been killed with a gunshot to the head.
    (AP, 5/20/13)(AP, 5/21/13)

2013        May 21, Iran’s Guardian Council approved eight hopefuls, most of them hard-line candidates associated with the clerical establishment. It barred ex-president Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani (78), a centrist who had revitalized reformist hopes as well as Esfandiar Rahim Mashaei, the top aide of Pres. Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.
    (AP, 5/22/13)
2013        May 21, In Iraq new attacks killed 7 people and wounded dozens more in Tarmiyah, Tuz Khormato and Kirkuk. A car bomb targeting worshippers in Baghdad’s western neighborhood of Abu Ghraib, killed 10 people and left 21 wounded. A bomb also targeted a tea house in Baghdad's mainly Sunni southern Dora neighborhood, killing 3 people and wounding 14.
    (AP, 5/21/13)

2013        May 23, In Iraq gunmen shot dead 4 soldiers at an army checkpoint in Taji, a former insurgent stronghold. Militants exchanged fire with military forces and pro-government Sunni militia in the western village of Karma, near Fallujah. 3 soldiers were killed and 18 people wounded, including seven Sunni fighters.
    (AP, 5/23/13)

2013        May 25, In Iraq  a car bomb exploded near a bus carrying Iranian pilgrims north of Baghdad, killing six Iranians and one Iraqi.
    (AP, 5/25/13)

2013        May 26, In Iraq militants in a speeding car killed 3 civilians and wounded another in northern Baghdad. A policeman was killed in another attack in northern Baghdad. Militants with silenced pistols shot and killed a secondary school teacher in Baghdad. In Mosul a car bomb went off at a house while a joint army-police unit was conducting door-to-door searches. The blast killed 3 policemen and one soldier. Militants in Mosul also gunned down a policeman in his car. Authorities also found a body floating in the Tigris river, shot at close range with hands bound behind the back. In Anbar province 3 soldiers were killed and five wounded in two attacks by roadside bombs on their patrols. At least 14 people were killed in total.
    (AP, 5/26/13)

2013        May 27, In Iraq more than a dozen car bombs hit commercial areas in mostly Shiite areas of Baghdad, killing 71 people and wounding nearly 200 others.
    (AP, 5/28/13)

2013        May 28, In Iraq a bomb left on a Sadr City minibus killed at least 12 people and wounded 33 others. Back-to-back bombings in the Dora neighborhood of Baghdad killed 9 people and wounded 10. Blasts and shootings in Tarmiyah and Mosul killed 7 people.
    (AP, 5/28/13)(AP, 5/29/13)

2013        May 29, In Iraq evening bomb blasts in two Baghdad neighborhoods killed least 30 people, including several members of a wedding party in the mixed Sunni-Shiite Jihad neighborhood.
    (AP, 5/30/13)

2013        May 30, In Iraq a series of bomb explosions in Baghdad, Mosul and Tal Afar killed at least 30 people and wounded dozens.
    (AP, 5/30/13)

2013        May 31, In Iraq a bomb exploded amid Sunni worshippers leaving the Omar mosque in west Baghdad killing 4 people and wounding 11 others. Two carloads of gunmen attacked a security checkpoint Fallujah killing 3 policemen.
    (AP, 5/31/13)

2013        Jun 1, UN figures showed that 1,045 civilians and security personnel were killed in Iraq in May. That surpassed the 712 killed in April, the deadliest month recorded since June 2008.
    (AP, 6/1/13)

2013        Jun 2, Gunmen in Iraq killed 3 Syrian truck drivers on a main highway linking Baghdad to Syria and Jordan. The gunmen also kidnapped four Iraqis in the same area.
    (AP, 6/2/13)

2013        Jun 5, In Iraq gunmen ambushed a group of travelers at a fake checkpoint in the western Anbar province, killing at least 14 people execution-style.
    (AP, 6/5/13)

2013        Jun 6, In Iraq a series of car bomb explosions in and around Baghdad killed 14 people including 7 policemen in Taji.
    (AP, 6/6/13)

2013        Jun 7, In Iraq suicide attackers rammed car bombs into a bus carrying Iranian pilgrims and a police checkpoint west of Baghdad, killing 11 people with 31 wounded. Later attackers drove two more car bombs into a major highway checkpoint between Fallujah and Ramadi in Sunni-dominated Anbar province, detonating them nearly simultaneously killing 4 police officers and 4 civilians.
    (AP, 6/7/13)

2013        Jun 8, In Iraq 2 car bombs, one in a Baghdad Shiite neighborhood and the other targeting a police convoy in Mosul, killed five people.
    (AP, 6/8/13)

2013        Jun 9, Al-Qaida leader Ayman al-Zawahri urged leaders of the Iraqi al-Qaida branch and the Nusra Front in Syria to end their disagreements and "stop any verbal or actual attacks against one another."
    (AP, 6/10/13)

2013        Jun 10, In Iraq a string of deadly attacks in several Iraqi cities killed at least 63 people.
    (AP, 6/11/13)

2013        Jun 11, In Iraq a bomb struck a military convoy in Mosul, killing 3 soldiers and 2 officers. A policeman in Mosul was also killed when a roadside bomb hit his convoy.
    (AP, 6/11/13)

2013        Jun 12, Kuwait's PM Sheik Jaber Al Mubarak Al Sabah arrived in Baghdad on an official visit, signaling the improving ties between the two neighbors.
    (AP, 6/12/13)

2013        Jun 13, The governor of Iraq's northern Sunni-dominated province of Ninevah escaped an assassination attempt in Mosul that left 2 people killed and three others wounded.
    (AP, 6/14/13)

2013        Jun 15, In Iraq a rocket attack on the sprawling Camp Liberty near Baghdad killed 2 members of an Iranian exile group, the Mujahedeen-e-Khalq. The attack also killed an Iraqi and wounded 9 Iranians and 7 Iraqis. The Shiite Mukhtar Army militia later claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 6/17/13)
2013        Jun 15, In an audio message posted online, a speaker identified as Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, leader of al-Qaida's Iraq arm, insisted that a merger he announced in April with Syria's Jabhat al-Nusra rebel group to create a cross-border movement known as the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant will continue.
    (AP, 6/15/13)

2013        Jun 16, In Iraq a string of nearly a dozen apparently coordinated bombs and a shooting in cities across the country killed at least 51 and wounded dozens. Most of the car bombs hit Shiite-majority areas.
    (AP, 6/16/13)(AP, 6/17/13)

2013        Jun 17, In Iraq 3 bomb attacks, including a blast in a roadside restaurant in Taji, killed 15 people.
    (AP, 6/17/13)

2013        Jun 18, In Iraq two suicide bombers targeted a Shiite mosque in Baghdad, one blowing himself up at a nearby checkpoint while the other slipped inside during prayers. 3 guards were killed and the blasts left 34 dead and 57 people wounded. A suicide attack killed Younis al-Rammah, a local political leader, and four of his relatives in Ninevah.
    (AP, 6/18/13)(AP, 6/19/13)(SFC, 6/19/13, p.A2)
2013        Jun 18, US oil giant Chevron said it has signed a deal with Iraq's Kurdish regional government to expand its oil exploration territory in the northern self-rule region.
    (AP, 6/18/13)

2013        Jun 19, In Iraq a suicide bomber blew himself up inside politician Younis al-Rammah's guest house in Ninevah province. Al-Rammah and 4 relatives were killed, and six others were wounded.  A bomb placed near a juice cart exploded in the Shiite neighborhood of Shula in Baghdad, killing 2 people and wounding eight others. 7 people were killed and 24 were wounded when two bombs exploded simultaneously on a soccer field while teenagers and young adults were playing in Fallujah.
    (AP, 6/19/13)(AP, 6/20/13)

2013        Jun 20, In Iraq a mortar attack killed one person in Ramadi, Anbar province, while polls were open. A suicide bomber blew himself up inside a ballot-counting center in Ramadi, killing at least 4 people, after the polls closed in elections in two of the country's most volatile province.
    (AP, 6/20/13)

2013        Jun 21, In Iraq 2 civilians were killed and nine wounded when a bomb ripped through a small market late today in Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/22/13)

2013        Jun 22, In Iraq a suicide bombing inside a Shiite mosque during evening prayers and other attacks north of Baghdad killed 23 people.
    (AP, 6/22/13)
2013        Jun 22, The UN said another 27 residents of an Iraqi camp housing members of an Iranian exile group have been relocated to Albania.
    (AP, 6/22/13)

2013        Jun 23, In northern Iraq suicide bombers and a gunman assaulted a police station near the town of Hawija, one of several attacks across the country that left 7 dead.
    (AP, 6/23/13)

2013        Jun 24, In Iraq an attacker rammed his explosive-laden car into an army patrol in Mosul, killing a soldier and a police officer. A 2nd bomber blew set off his explosive-rigged belt inside a university campus in the city of Tikrit, killing a police officer. A series of evening bombings near markets in and around Baghdad and other blasts north of the capital killed at least 42 people altogether and wounded dozens of others.
    (AP, 6/24/13)

2013        Jun 25, In Iraq  bomb blasts struck a minibus carrying Shiite pilgrims to Karbala and a gathering of demonstrators in Tuz Khormato, an ethnically disputed northern city, killing at least 6 and wounding dozens. This was the deadliest in a spate of attacks that killed at least 23 people.
    (AP, 6/25/13)

2013        Jun 27, In Iraq a series of bombings targeting soccer fans watching the Confederations Cup semifinal between Spain and Italy in cafes in Baghdad, Jbala and Baqouba killed 36 people.
    (AP, 6/28/13)

2013        Jun 28, In western Iraq two bombs exploded near a checkpoint run by government-allied Sunni militiamen, killing at least 11 people in the village of Zangoura, just south of Ramadi. Twin blasts at a neighborhood football stadium killed 5 players in Madaen. A roadside bomb near a bakery shop in the west of Baghdad left 3 people dead. A suicide bomber attacked a funeral in the mainly Shi'ite city of Dujail, killing at least 4 others.
    (AP, 6/28/13)(Reuters, 6/29/13)

2013        Jun 29, In Iraq a bomb went off in an outdoor market in west Baghdad killing 4 people. Attackers using guns fitted with silencers killed 3 off-duty policemen in a drive-by shooting near Fallujah. Bombs targeting soccer players and young men who had gathered to watch a match killed 7 people.
    (AP, 6/29/13)(Reuters, 6/29/13)

2013        Jul 1, In Iraq the bodies of 8 pro-government, anti-al-Qaida Sunni militiamen, were found in an orchard. They had been kidnapped in Mishada and killed over the last two days by gunmen. The UN mission to Iraq said violence last month claimed the lives of 761 Iraqis. A suicide bomber blew himself up at a mourning ceremony inside a Shi'ite mosque, killing at least 22 people in Muqdadiya. A suicide bomber blew himself up inside a cafe in the restive city of Baqouba, killing 8 people.
    (AP, 7/1/13)(Reuters, 7/1/13)

2013        Jul 2, In Iraq at least 49 people were killed in a wave of attacks across the country. 7 militants were also killed.
    (AP, 7/2/13)

2013        Jul 3, In Iraq a roadside bomb killed at least 7 people in a Baghdad suburb while the bodies of 3 construction workers were found elsewhere in the capital. A bombing at a teahouse in Baghdad killed 3 people.
    (AP, 7/3/13)(AP, 7/4/13)

2013        Jul 4, In Iraq gunmen in speeding cars shot and killed 3 people in Baghdad. A suicide bomber rammed an explosives-laden car into police patrolling Tuz Khormato, killing two police.
    (AP, 7/4/13)

2013        Jul 5, In Iraq a car bomb explosion killed 7 Sunni protesters in Samarra. A suicide bomber killed 15 people as they left a Shi'ite mosque in Baghdad. Protest organizers in Samarra blamed Shi'ite militia for the bombing and said security forces were complicit as the explosives-packed vehicle had passed through several checkpoints.
    (AP, 7/5/13)(Reuters, 7/5/13)

2013        Jul 7, The president of Iraqi Kurdistan, Masoud Barzani, visited Baghdad for the first time in more than two years, in a step towards resolving long-running disputes between the central government and the autonomous region over land and oil.
    (Reuters, 7/7/13)
2013        Jul 7, In Iraq gunmen stopped a family of a policeman while they were driving home from a wedding party in a remote area near the town of Musayyib, killing the policeman, his parents, wife and two young children.
    (AP, 7/8/13)

2013        Jul 8, In Iraq a bomb exploded near a youth center in Madain killing 6 civilians. In Mosul a car bomb exploded in a commercial area, killing one civilian. Also in Mosul two militant groups shot and killed a police officer and a civilian in two separate attacks.
    (AP, 7/8/13)

2013        Jul 10, In Iraq gunmen overran an Iraqi army checkpoint and special oil industry police assigned to protect a nearby pipeline. They opened fire on a trailer packed with policemen breaking their Ramadan fast, killing 14 in Anbar province.
    (AP, 7/11/13)(AP, 7/12/13)

2013        Jul 11, In Iraq gunmen opened fire on two checkpoints guarding oil installations on the road between Haditha and Baiji, killing 11 people. A suicide bomber rammed his explosives-laden motorcycle into a funeral tent for a Shiite family in the town of in Muqdadiyah,  killing 11     people. A car bomb in eastern Baghdad killed 4 people. Three roadside bombs targeted police patrols in the city of Tikrit, killing 3 policemen. In Mosul 3 suicide car bombs targeted checkpoints killing 4 policemen. The overall death toll reached 44.
    (Reuters, 7/11/13)(AP, 7/12/13)

2013        Jul 12, In Iraq a suicide car bomber struck a police patrol outside Mosul, killing 4 policemen, a police officer and a medical official. Outside Tikrit drive-by shooters armed with pistols fitted with silencers killed a senior police officer in the town Shirqat. A suicide attack in Kirkuk killed 39 people when a bomber detonated his explosives in a crowded coffee shop.
    (AP, 7/12/13)(AP, 7/13/13)

2013        Jul 13, In Iraq a bomb exploded outside two Sunni mosques in Baghdad, killing at least 23 people leaving prayers. A separate attack at a funeral northeast of the capital killed at least 3 others.
    (AP, 7/13/13)(Reuters, 7/15/13)

2013        Jul 14, In Iraq a wave of coordinated blasts that tore through overwhelmingly Shiite cities shortly before the breaking of the Ramadan fast and other attacks killed at least 38.
    (AP, 7/14/13)

2013        Jul 15, In Iraq attacks across the country killed 9 people, including a 10-year-old boy.
    (AP, 7/15/13)

2013        Jul 17, In Iraq a bombing at a stream in Wajihiya where youngsters had sought refuge from the summer heat killed 4 people. Attacks targeting diners in cafes in Mosul and Baghdad killed at least 6 people.
    (AP, 7/17/13)

2013        Jul 19, In central Iraq a bomb exploded inside the Abu Bakir al-Sideeq mosque in the town of Wijaihiya during midday prayers, killing at least 26 people.
    (AP, 7/19/13)

2013        Jul 20, In Iraq a coordinated wave of 12 late-night car bombings and other attacks killed 57 people. These attacks and others around the country killed a total of 71.
    (AP, 7/21/13)

2013        Jul 21, In Iraq a bomb exploded in a fish market in Taji, killing 4 and wounding one. Another bomb exploded outside the house of an anti-al-Qaida Sunni militia leader in the town of Basmaiya, killing 2 and wounding four. Gunmen attacked a checkpoint manned by the Kurdish security forces known as peshmerga near Kirkuk, killing 5 of them. Gunmen also sprayed a security checkpoint with bullets in Mosul, killing 2 soldiers. Late-night jailbreak attempts at Taji and Abu Ghraib prisons outside Baghdad killed dozens, including at least 25 members of Iraq's security forces and at least 10 militants. Hundreds of inmates were set free including some al-Qaida followers.
    (AP, 7/21/13)(AP, 7/22/13)(AP, 7/23/13)

2013        Jul 22, In northern Iraq a suicide bomber rammed his explosives-laden car into an army convoy in Mosul, killing at least 13 people,  including 10 soldiers.
    (AP, 7/22/13)(AP, 7/24/13)

2013        Jul 23, An Iraqi government spokesman said Baghdad has signed a 4-year deal with Iran to import natural gas for power generation, further intertwining the economies of the two Shiite-dominated countries. Police found the bodies of 4 off-duty policemen on a road with bullet wounds in their heads.
    (AP, 7/23/13)(AP, 7/24/13)

2013        Jul 24, In northern Iraq insurgents ambushed a police headquarters in Bashmaya, killing at least 9 policemen. Gunmen ambushed a minibus on the road to Mosul from Baghdad, shooting dead 4 soldiers in western Tikrit. In Baghdad police found 3 bullet-ridden corpses. A car bomb exploded as an army patrol passed by outside Kirkuk, killing an officer and a soldier.  The surge of attacks this month killed more than 500 people.
    (AP, 7/24/13)(Reuters, 7/24/13)

2013        Jul 25, In Iraq  militants ambushed a truck convoy with Iraqi Shiites in a remote area in the country's north and killed 14 drivers. At least 28 more people were killed in bombings and shootings across the country.
    (AP, 7/25/13)(Reuters, 7/25/13)

2013        Jul 28, In northern Iraq a suicide car bomber rammed his vehicle into a Kurdish security patrol killing 8. Attacks around the country killed at least 4 more people.
    (AP, 7/28/13)

2013        Jul 29, In Iraq at least 58 people were killed in 18 bombings across the country. 9 people were killed after twelve car bombs exploded in Baghdad's Shiite neighborhoods within one hour. Other bombs around Baghdad, mostly Shiite-dominated suburbs as well as the town of Mahmoudiya killed 31 more people. Car bombs in Kut killed at least 10, one in Basra killed 4. Two bombs in Samawa killed 2. A roadside bomb killed a senior police officer, his aide and two guards when it hit their convoy near Baiji.
    (AP, 7/29/13)(Reuters, 7/29/13)(AP, 7/30/13)

2013        Jul 30, In Iraq a suicide bomber set off his explosives amid Shiite worshippers leaving a mosque in the city's suburb of Hussainiya, killing 7. Another bomb striking a Sunni mosque in the ethnically-mixed northern town of Tuz Khormato killed 4. These attacks brought the death toll from shootings and explosions today to 23.
    (AP, 7/31/13)

2013        Jul 31, In Iraq a carload of gunmen sped through a commercial street in Baghdad's Shiite-dominated Ur district and opened fire apparently at random, killing 5 pedestrians and wounding nine others. In the suburb of Nahrawan, also a majority-Shiite area, drive-by shooters sprayed farmers in a pickup truck with bullets, killing 2 and wounded three. The attacks including bombings of Shiite and Sunni mosques left 26 dead.
    (AP, 7/31/13)

2013        Aug 2, In Iraq an explosion and fire disabled a pipeline carrying gas from northern oilfields to power stations early today.
    (Reuters, 8/2/13)

2013        Aug 3, In Iraq  gunmen in a car killed 2 off-duty policemen near the northern city of Mosul. In Tikrit a roadside bomb explosion killed a father and his son. In western Baghdad a bomb went off near a line of car spare-part stores, killing 2 people and wounding seven others. Southeast of Baghdad a blast missed a police patrol but killed 2 civilian passers-by. Bombings and shootings across the country killed 19 people.
    (AP, 8/3/13)

2013        Aug 4, In Iraq a roadside bomb struck an army patrol near the northern city of Mosul, killing 3 soldiers. In Tikrit a car bomb killed judge Sajid Abdul-Amir as he was driving to his work. In eastern Baghdad, 2 people were killed in a blast in a commercial street. Mortar rounds landed on houses in Baghdad’s western suburbs, killing two people.
    (AP, 8/4/13)

2013        Aug 5, Iraqi security forces killed 11 suspected militants and arrested dozens in a large military-led operation north of Baghdad in response to a deadly attack on a checkpoint last month. A series of attacks including a bombing of a bakery in Baghdad, killed 9 people.
    (Reuters, 8/5/13)(AP, 8/6/13)

2013        Aug 6, In Iraq 8 car bombs targeting busy markets and shopping streets in and around Baghdad killed 31 people and wounded more than 100. An initial report put the number killed at 51.
    (Reuters, 8/6/13)(AFP, 8/28/13)

2013        Aug 7, In Iraq a roadside bomb struck a police patrol in Mosul, killing 3 policemen and wounding two others. Another bomb in Mosul missed a police convoy but killed one civilian passer-by and wounded two others. Later, a bomb attached to a car killed two people in Musayyib. Gunmen attacked on a policeman's home in Tikrit killing the policeman, his wife, two sons and one daughter. As people gathered car bomb parked about 10 meters away exploded, killing 8 people and wounding 30.
    (AP, 8/7/13)(AP, 8/8/13)

2013        Aug 10, In Iraq a bomb near a park in Zubeidiyah killed 4 people, including 2 children, who were celebrating the Eid al-Fitr holiday. Deadly bombings across the country left 69 dead.
    (AP, 8/10/13)(AP, 8/11/13)
2013        Aug 10, The president of Iraqi Kurdistan vowed to defend the large Kurdish population across the border in neighboring Syria from al-Qaida-linked fighters.
    (AP, 8/10/13)

2013        Aug 11, In Iraq a roadside bomb hit a military convoy south of Baghdad killing 3 soldiers. 2 more soldiers were killed and nine wounded when a suicide bomber drove his explosive-laden car into an army checkpoint in Baghdad's western suburbs of Abu Ghraib.
    (AP, 8/11/13)

2013        Aug 12, In Iraq at least 16 people were killed and 41 wounded in a suicide bomb attack on a crowded cafe in Balad. Hours later 6 people were killed and 17 others wounded in a bomb explosion near a restaurant in Baqouba. Gunmen near Mosul intercepted a car carrying 3 soldiers and shot them dead. A suicide car bomber drove his vehicle into an army checkpoint near Fallujah, killing 5 soldiers.
    (AP, 8/12/13)

2013        Aug 13, In Iraq 2 policemen were killed as they were trying to defuse a car bomb left on the road near Kirkuk. A mosque bombing in the town of Madain killed 5 people and left 13 wounded.
    (AP, 8/13/13)
2013        Aug 13, A bomb attack stopped oil flows through the Kirkuk-Ceyhan pipeline linking Iraq to Turkey.
    (Reuters, 8/13/13)

2013        Aug 14, In Iraq twin roadside bombs exploded in Baquba, killing 14 people and wounding 26.
    (Reuters, 8/14/13)

2013        Aug 15, In Iraq a wave of car bombs hit Baghdad, killing 33 people and wounding dozens.
    (AP, 8/15/13)
2013        Aug 15, Thousands of Syrian refugees poured into the Kurdistan region of northern Iraq, taking advantage of a new bridge along the largely closed border.
    (Reuters, 8/16/13)

2013        Aug 16, In Iraq two bombings around Baghdad killed 7 people.
    (SFC, 8/17/13, p.A2)

2013        Aug 17, In Iraq a truck bomb exploded at the Umm Qasr commodities port near the oil-exporting southern city of Basra. Four people were wounded. Shipping traffic was not affected. Attacks on security checkpoints in central Iraq killed 9 soldiers and wounded five others.
    (Reuters, 8/17/13)(AP, 8/17/13)

2013        Aug 18, In Iraq  two separate bomb attacks in commercial areas of predominantly Sunni neighborhoods of Baghdad killed at least 4 civilians.
    (AP, 8/18/13)

2013        Aug 19, Iraq's Justice Ministry said that authorities have executed 15 Iraqis and an Egyptian convicted of terrorism for "carrying out crimes against Iraqi people." The last was convicted of another unspecified criminal offense. Two of those hanged were women. It didn't say when the executions were carried out.
    (AP, 8/19/13)

2013        Aug 20, In Iraq separate car bombings in three southern cities killed at least 10 people and wounded dozens.
    (AP, 8/20/13)
2013        Aug 20, In northeastern Syria Kurdish militias battled al-Qaida-linked rebel groups in the latest round of heavy fighting that has helped fuel a mass exodus of civilians from the region into neighboring Iraq.
    (AP, 8/20/13)

2013        Aug 21, In Iraq two bomb attacks halted the flow of crude oil through a pipeline running from the Kirkuk oil fields to the Mediterranean port of Ceyhan in Turkey, causing severe damage.
    (Reuters, 8/21/13)

2013        Aug 22, In Iraq insurgent attacks across the country killed at least 24 people. One suicide bombing targeted a Shiite wedding party.
    (SFC, 8/23/13, p.A2)

2013        Aug 23, In Iraq violence killed 37 people. This included a suicide bombing that killed 25 people in a Baghdad park.
    (AFP, 8/24/13)(Reuters, 8/25/13)

2013        Aug 25, In Iraq at least 46 people were killed across the country, including 5 soldiers who were shot dead by gunmen who then burned their bodies  in Qaiyara town.
    (Reuters, 8/25/13)(AP, 8/25/13)

2013        Aug 26, In Iraq militants in police uniforms claiming to be carrying out a security operation kidnapped and killed 6 men in a pre-dawn attack north of Baghdad.
    (AFP, 8/26/13)

2013        Aug 28, In Iraq more than a dozen bombings ripped through Shiite neighborhoods in and around Baghdad, the bloodiest in a wave of attacks that killed at least 86 people across the country.
    (AP, 8/28/13)(Reuters, 8/28/13)

2013        Aug 29, In Iraq a blast in a market in Samarra killed 18 and wounded 32 people. In Abu Ghraib a car bomb killed 5 and wounded 8.
    (SFC, 8/30/13, p.A2)

2013        Aug 30, In northern Iraq a bomb blast in a residential area of Tuz Khormato killed 12 and wounded 10.
    (AP, 8/30/13)

2013        Aug 31, In Iraq hundreds of protesters took to the streets of Baghdad as well as central and southern Iraq against generous pension payments to lawmakers as many still struggled to get jobs and basic services. A bombing and shootings in and west of Baghdad killed 13 people. A car bomb killed 12 people and wounded at least 20 other in Ramadi.
    (Reuters, 8/31/13)(AP, 8/31/13)(SSFC, 9/1/13, p.A5)

2013        Sep 1, In Iraq members of an Iranian dissident group were killed at Camp Ashraf, home to about 100 members of the Mujahedeen-e-Khalq. MEK spokesman, Shahin Gobadi, said 52 were killed and some of them were found handcuffed behind the back.
    (AP, 9/1/13)(SFC, 9/2/13, p.A6)

2013        Sep 2, In Iraq two suicide bombers attacked the motorcade of Wisam al-Hardan, recently appointed head of the Sunni militia known as Sahwa, near his house in Baghdad's western Harthiyah neighborhood. He escaped the assassination attempt but 5 bodyguards were killed and four others wounded.
    (AP, 9/2/13)

2013        Sep 3,  In Iraq shootings and a car bombing in and south of Baghdad killed at least 67 people.
    (AP, 9/4/13)(SFC, 9/4/13, p.A2)

2013        Sep 4, In Iraq gunmen shot dead at least 16 members of a Shi'ite Muslim family before blowing up their two homes overnight in Latifiya. A suicide bomber attacked a police headquarters in Mosul, killing 5 policemen. A roadside bomb also struck a patrol in Tarmiya, north of Baghdad, killing 5 soldiers.
    (Reuters, 9/4/13)

2013        Sep 7, In Iraq attacks north of Baghdad, including a suicide bombing at a government building and the detonation of a booby-trapped corpse, killed 4 people.
    (AFP, 9/7/13)

2013        Sep 9, In Iraq twin bombings near an oil refinery north of Baghdad were among a series of attacks that killed 8 people.
    (AFP, 9/9/13)

2013        Sep 10, In Iraq a wave of bombings and a shooting killed 24 people, including 6 shot dead when gunmen stormed a house where a corpse was being ritually washed ahead of a funeral.
    (AFP, 9/10/13)(SFC, 9/11/13, p.A2)

2013        Sep 11, Attacks in Iraq killed six people, including a school principal who was among several victims in a spate of shootings in the north. A suicide attacker stage a double bombing near a Shiite mosque in northern Baghdad killing at least 35 people.
    (AFP, 9/11/13)(SFC, 9/12/13, p.A2)

2013        Sep 12, In Iraq a spate of attacks across the country killed 7 people, including three who died when a suicide car bomber struck as recruits were leaving a military base.
    (AFP, 9/12/13)

2013        Sep 13, In Iraq a bomb struck a Sunni mosque during prayers in Umm al-Adham village, on the outskirts of Baqouba, killing at least 30 people.
    (AFP, 9/13/13)

2013        Sep 14, In northern Iraq a suicide bomber killed at least 25 people at the funeral of a member of Iraq's Shabak minority in Ninevah.
    (Reuters, 9/14/13)(SSFC, 9/15/13, p.A4)

2013        Sep 15, In Iraq a wave of car bombs and shootings across the country killed at least 58 people.
    (Reuters, 9/15/13)(SFC, 9/16/13, p.A2)

2013        Sep 17, In Iraq attacks across the country left 31 people dead. Sunni leaders in Basra said unknown gunmen have killed 17 Sunnis in the Shiite dominated city over the past two weeks.
    (SFC, 9/18/13, p.A2)

2013        Sep 19, In Iraq children discovered the handcuffed and blindfolded corpses of 10 unidentified young men in eastern Baghdad, apparently killed by gunshots to the head. A further 10 people were killed in two roadside bombings, one in Abu Ghraib and the other near Fallujah.
    (Reuters, 9/19/13)

2013        Sep 20, In Iraq two bombs hidden inside air conditioners exploded in a Sunni mosque packed with worshippers in Samarra, killing at least 18 people. 7 more people died in other attacks.
    (AFP, 9/20/13)

2013        Sep 21, In Iraq an explosives-packed car driven by a suicide attacker has struck a funeral in Sadr City, a Shiite part of Baghdad, killing at least 73 people and wounding over 200. The attack followed a suicide assault on a police headquarters and other insurgent attacks in northern Iraq earlier in the day that killed 11 members of the security forces. Attacks across the country left a total of at least 96 people dead.
    (AP, 9/21/13)(AFP, 9/22/13)(SSFC, 9/22/13, p.A5)
2013        Sep 21, Iraq's Kurds voted in their first election in four years as their autonomous region grapples with disputes with Baghdad and as fellow Kurds fight bloody battles in neighbouring Syria. The Kurdistan Democratic Party, led by Kurdish regional President Massoud Barzani, secured 38 seats in the vote for the 111-seat regional parliament.
    (AFP, 9/21/13)(AP, 10/2/13)

2013        Sep 22, In Iraq two separate bombings, including a suicide car bomb attack, killed 2 security force members and wounded 37 people in Kirkuk and Mosul.
    (AP, 9/22/13)

2013        Sep 23, In Iraq gunmen broke into the home of a Shiite family in a Sunni-dominated area south of Baghdad and killed 3 family members. A double bomb attack on Sunni mourners killed 14 people.
    (AP, 9/23/13)(SFC, 9/24/13, p.A2)

2013        Sep 24, In western Iraq militants launched a coordinated assault against police and military sites with car bombs, rockets and machine guns, killing at least 9 policemen in Anbar province. Separately  2 Iraqi soldiers and 3 militants were killed during clashes in the Himreen basin northeast of Baghdad, where army units were launching a big operation. Gunmen tried to take over Ana, a small Sunni town in the county's west, sparking battles that left 11 people including six attackers dead.
    (Reuters, 9/24/13)(AP, 9/24/13)

2013        Sep 25, Attackers in Iraq set off three car bombs and engaged security forces in the country's north, killing 9 people in Hawija. Violence in the north left a total of 33 people dead.
    (AP, 9/25/13)(AFP, 9/26/13)

2013        Sep 26, In Iraq bombings hit two markets in Baghdad province, killing at least 23 people, while gunmen shot dead 5 members of one family south of the capital. A magnetic "sticky bomb" on a car killed a policeman and wounded two civilians in the northern city of Mosul. A similar device killed an employee of a local television station and wounded a second in Baquba. In Kirkuk a bomb killed a man and wounded his brother, while 2 alleged Al-Qaeda militants were shot dead by gunmen west of the city.
    (AFP, 9/26/13)(SFC, 9/27/13, p.A2)
2013        Sep 26, In Syria an Iraqi woman was killed when a mortar round slammed into Iraq's consulate in Damascus.
    (AP, 9/26/13)

2013        Sep 27, In Iraq bombs exploded near two Sunni mosques in Baghdad as a series of attacks nationwide left 10 people dead.
    (SFC, 9/28/13, p.A2)
2013        Sep 27, Iraq ratified the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), an accord that however cannot enter into force until the United States, China and six other states follow suit. This raised the number of countries that have adhered fully to the treaty to 161.
    (AFP, 9/27/13)

2013        Sep 28, In Iraq militants planted bombs around four houses belonging to policemen and government employees in Tarmiyah, killing 4 civilians and wounding 14 others. A bomb in an outdoor market in Baghdad's southeastern suburb of Nahrawan killed 2 civilians and wounded 15. A roadside bomb killed a civilian in Baiji, while militants attacked a checkpoint near the town, leaving 2 gunmen and a soldier dead.
    (AFP, 9/28/13)

2013        Sep 29, In Iraq 6 people were killed in Erbil in a series of blasts targeting a security directorate of the usually peaceful autonomous Kurdistan region, the first such attack since 2007. A wave of attacks in Baghdad killed at least 55 people.
    (Reuters, 9/29/13)(SFC, 9/30/13, p.A2)(Econ, 10/5/13, p.54)

2013        Sep 30, In Iraq 12 car bombs, mainly targeting Shiite-majority areas of Baghdad province, killed 55 people and wounded more than 14. Al-Qaida's local franchise in Iraq claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 9/30/13)(AP, 10/1/13)

2013        Oct 1, In Iraq a suicide bomber killed five police in in Tikrit, as an Al-Qaeda front group claimed a wave of deadly bombings.
    (AFP, 10/1/13)

2013        Oct 2, In Iraq gunmen downed at dawn a military helicopter north of Baghdad during clashes, killing its 5-member crew. 4 militants were killed in the gunbattle outside the city of Tikrit. In Kirkuk  a car bomb went off in a commercial area, killing one civilian and wounding 13 others.
    (AP, 10/2/13)

2013        Oct 3, In Iraq a bomb exploded near a football field, killing 5 people and wounding at least 11 in Madain.
    (AFP, 10/3/13)

2013        Oct 5, In Iraq attacks across the country killed 56 people. This included two television journalists, killed by unidentified gunmen, as they were filming in the northern city of Mosul. The journalists worked for television channel al-Sharqiya News, which is often critical of the government and is popular among the Sunni minority. 51 people were killed in a suicide bombing in Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/5/13)(SFC, 10/14/13, p.A3)

2013        Oct 6, In northern Iraq suicide car bombers attacked an elementary school and a police station in Qabak, a small Shiite Turkomen village. The dead included 12 children, the school principal and 2 policemen. Another on foot detonated his payload among Shiite pilgrims in Baghdad, killing at least 12 people. Attacks altogether killed at least 33 people.
    (AP, 10/6/13)(SFC, 10/7/13, p.A2)

2013        Oct 10, Iraq’s justice ministry said 42 "terrorism" convicts were executed over the past week, defying international condemnation of its extensive use of the death penalty. Violence killed 21 people, among them four anti-Al-Qaeda fighters and an AFP journalist's brother.
    (AFP, 10/10/13)
2013        Oct 10, Iraq's prime minister said his country has signed a $6 billion contract with Swiss company Satarem to build and run an oil refinery in the southern province of Maysan.
    (AP, 10/11/13)

2013        Oct 12, In Iraq a pickup truck packed with explosives blew up at an Iraqi vegetable market, killing 17 and wounding dozens.
    (AP, 10/12/13)

2013        Oct 13, In Iraq a series of bombs killed at least 42 people in mostly Shi'ite Muslim provinces ahead of the Muslim feast of Eid al-Adha. Altogether 11 bombs were detonated by remote control.
    (AP, 10/13/13)(SFC, 10/14/13, p.A3)

2013        Oct 15, In northern Iraq a bomb ripped through a crowd of Sunni worshippers coming out of a mosque after prayers at the start of a major Muslim holiday, killing 12 people and wounding 24 in Kirkuk. A study put the death toll in the war-torn country at nearly half a million since the US-led 2003 invasion.
    (AP, 10/15/13)

2013        Oct 17, In northern Iraq a suicide bomber blew up his explosives-laden car among houses in the Shabak village of al-Mouafaqiyah near Mosul, killing at least 15 people. Attacks on Shi'ite Muslims killed at least 61 people across the country.
    (AP, 10/17/13)

2013        Oct 18, In Iraq a car bomb near an ice-cream shop in Baghdad killed 12 people, while 7 died in other attacks.
    (AFP, 10/18/13)

2013        Oct 19, In Iraq  a car bomb on a commercial street in northern Baghdad killed 3 people.
    (AP, 10/19/13)

2013        Oct 20, In Iraq 8 suicide bombers targeted police and local officials in Rawa, northwest of Baghdad, killing 8 people. In southwestern Baghdad 41 people were killed and 65 were wounded in a crowded cafe in the primarily Shiite neighborhood of Amil, bringing the death toll from violence across Iraq to 51.
    (AFP, 10/20/13)(AP, 10/21/13)

2013        Oct 21, In Iraq militants attacked police and electricity headquarters in Fallujah, killing 7 police officers.
    (AP, 10/21/13)

2013        Oct 22, In Iraq gunmen killed 5 people in and around Mosul. Anbar province was hit by a series of attacks that killed 28 people.
    (AFP, 10/23/13)

2013        Oct 23, In Iraq gunmen killed 6 people in the northern city of Mosul. In Baghdad a roadside bomb in the Ghazaliyah area killed at least 3 people and wounded 11. Another roadside bomb killed 4 people and wounded at least nine in Madain. 2 Sahwa anti-Al-Qaeda fighters were kidnapped and killed in the northern province of Kirkuk.
    (AFP, 10/23/13)

2013        Oct 25, A senior Iraqi security official said the Baghdad government wants the immediate delivery of US drones and F-16 fighter jets in order to combat al Qaeda insurgents. Bombings in central Iraq that targeted a market, a cafe and the homes of police officers killed 13 people.
    (Reuters, 10/25/13)(AP, 10/25/13)

2013        Oct 26, Attacks in Iraq killed 10 people, 7 of them from the same family.
    (AFP, 10/26/13)

2013        Oct 27, In Iraq a new wave of car bombs hit Shiite neighborhoods of Baghdad and a suicide bomber targeted soldiers in Mosul in attacks that killed at least 66 across the country.
    (AP, 10/27/13)(SFC, 10/28/13, p.A3)

2013        Oct 29, Iraq's PM Nuri al-Maliki travelled to the United States to press for urgent help and arms to combat the worst upsurge of violence in years.
    (Reuters, 10/29/13)
2013        Oct 29, In Iraq 2 suicide bombers killed 12 military and police officers and wounded 19 late today by blowing themselves up outside a Sunni militia leader's house in Tarmiyah, north of Baghdad. In a village outside Mosul, a suicide bomber rammed his car into a checkpoint leading to a police station, killing 3 policemen and 4 civilians. When an ambulance rushed to the scene, gunmen opened fire on its crew, killing one and wounding three.
    (Reuters, 10/29/13)(AP, 10/30/13)

2013        Oct 31, In Iraq twin car bombs north of Baghdad killed 6 people, while attacks elsewhere in the country left 6 others dead.
    (AFP, 10/31/13)

2013        Nov 2, In northern Iraq militants bombed a major oil pipeline in Nineveh province, disabling it and forcing pumping to be suspended.
    (AFP, 11/2/13)

2013        Nov 4, In Iraq a double suicide bombing and other attacks killed 12 people. Legislators passed a law laying the groundwork for next year's parliamentary elections.
    (AP, 11/5/13)

2013        Nov 7, Attacks in Iraq, including a car bomb targeting Shiite Muslims, killed 30 people.
    (AP, 11/7/13)

2013        Nov 8, In Iraq a double bombing targeting a Sunni mosque in Baghdad and other attacks around the country killed at least 19 people.
    (AP, 11/8/13)

2013        Nov 10, Turkey and Iraq pledged greater cooperation on trade and counter-terrorism while admitting to disagreements over Syria's war during a landmark visit to Baghdad by the Turkish foreign minister.
    (AFP, 11/10/13)

2013        Nov 11, In Iraq attacks north of Baghdad killed 5 people. Police found two corpses bearing signs of torture, a scene reminiscent of the country's all-out sectarian war. Gunmen seized a power plant in Anbar province, handcuffed the guards and bombed the facility, leaving the surrounding town of Kubaisa without electricity. In Fallujah police shot dead 2 militants wearing suicide vests, including one who was driving a vehicle rigged with explosives, at the entrance to a police station.
    (AFP, 11/11/13)

2013        Nov 13, In Iraq at least 27 people were killed in bomb attacks targeting Iraqi police and pilgrims. Gunmen in Fallujah assassinated the city’s mayor.
    (AFP, 11/13/13)(SFC, 11/14/13, p.A2)

2013        Nov 14, In Iraq a suicide attacker and twin bomb blasts targeted Shiites marking a somber religious ritual, killing 47 people and wounded more than 100. This included 32 people killed by a suicide bomber at an Ashura event in al-Saadiyah.
    (AP, 11/14/13)(SFC, 11/15/13, p.A4)

2013        Nov 15, Nickolay Mladenov, the UN's new envoy to Baghdad, said Iraq's security forces require "massive amounts of re-training" in human rights to better conduct operations and combat the country's deadliest violence since 2008.
    (AFP, 11/15/13)

2013        Nov 16, In Iraq a series of attacks in Baghdad and north Iraq left 4 policemen dead and a dozen people wounded.
    (AFP, 11/16/13)
2013        Nov 16, Masoud Barzani, the president of Iraqi Kurdistan, called on Turkey's Kurds to back a flagging peace process with Ankara, making his first visit to southeastern Turkey in two decades in a show of support for PM Tayyip Erdogan.
    (Reuters, 11/16/13)

2013        Nov 17, Iraqi authorities executed a dozen "terrorism" convicts, defying widespread international condemnation of Baghdad's use of the death penalty as violence nationwide has surged. Attacks across Iraq killed at least 10 people.
    (AP, 11/17/13)(AFP, 11/18/13)

2013        Nov 18, Attacks across Iraq killed 8 people.
    (AP, 11/18/13)

2013        Nov 20, Iraqi officials said flooding in central and southern Iraq has killed at least 11 people as rising waters swamped city streets and toppled buildings, sparking anger over the dilapidated sewage system. A wave of attacks hit commercial areas in Baghdad, killing 37 people and wounding over 80 in mostly Shiite areas.
    (AFP, 11/20/13)(AP, 11/20/13)(SFC, 11/21/13, p.A2)

2013        Nov 21, In northeastern Iraq a car bomb exploded in a busy market in Sadiyah, killing at least 31 people and wounding more than 30. A wave of attacks across the country left a total of at least 48 people dead.
    (AP, 11/21/13)(SFC, 11/22/13, p.A4)

2013        Nov 22, In Iraq attacks mostly targeting Sunni-majority areas killed at least 23 people. The minority community shuttered countless mosques nationwide complaining that security forces were failing to provide adequate protection. The death toll from flooding across the country rose to 13.
    (AP, 11/22/13)(AFP, 11/22/13)(Reuters, 11/22/13)

2013        Nov 23, Iraqi Sunni religious leaders said that they have decided to close down the sect's mosques in Baghdad indefinitely to protest attacks targeting clerics and worshippers, highlighting the country's deepening sectarian rift. In the north a car bomb and a suicide bomber killed at least nine people and wounded 54 in Tuz Khurmato.
    (AP, 11/23/13)(Reuters, 11/24/13)

2013        Nov 25, In Iraq a double bombing at a market and other attacks killed at least 27 in and around Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/25/13)(SFC, 11/26/13, p.A4)
2013        Nov 25, France offered weapons, training and intelligence cooperation to help Iraq combat worsening violence amid fears the country is on the verge of returning to all-out sectarian bloodshed.
    (AFP, 11/25/13)

2013        Nov 27, In Iraq police around found the corpses of 19 men  around Baghdad with gunshot wounds to their heads, as other attacks in the country killed at least 27.
    (AFP, 11/27/13)
2013        Nov 27, Turkey and Iraqi Kurdistan signed a package of landmark contracts that will see the semi-autonomous region's oil and gas exported via pipelines through Turkey.
    (Reuters, 11/29/13)

2013        Nov 28, In Iraq three car bombs exploded at outdoor markets and on a street full of shops near Baghdad, the deadliest of a series of attacks across the country that killed at least 29 people.
    (AP, 11/28/13)(SFC, 11/29/13, p.A2)

2013        Nov 29, Iraqi police discovered the bodies of 18 men who were abducted from their homes and shot in the head in a town near Baghdad, the deadliest this year in a spate of execution-style killings across Iraq. A wave of violence killed 52 people across the country, most of whom were kidnapped and shot dead with their corpses abandoned.
    (Reuters, 11/29/13)(AFP, 11/29/13)

2013        Nov 30, In Iraq a car bomb killed 4 people and wounded seven near a bus stop in Mahmoudiya, a town just south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/30/13)

2013        Nov, Iran signed a deal to sell Iraq arms and ammunition worth $195 million. Public notice of the deal was only made public in Feb 2014.
    (Reuters, 2/24/14)

2013        Dec 1, In northern Iraq a suicide bomber blew himself up at the funeral procession of a Sunni Muslim tribal sheikh, killing at least 10 people and wounding 25. Attacks across the country killed 28 people.
    (Reuters, 12/1/13)(AFP, 11/2/13)

2013        Dec 2, In Iraq bombings near the homes of government employees killed 3 people in a Sunni suburb west of Baghdad.
    (AP, 12/2/13)
2013        Dec 2, Turkey said it stood by a bilateral oil deal with Iraq's Kurdistan region that bypassed central government but sought to appease Baghdad by drawing it into the arrangement.
    (Reuters, 12/2/13)

2013        Dec 3, In Iraq attacks mostly targeting Sunni Arab areas of Baghdad as well as northern and western Iraq killed at least 23 people.
    (AFP, 12/3/13)

2013        Dec 4, In Iraq a car bomb exploded at the gate of the Police Intelligence Department in the religiously-mixed city of Kirkuk. Later, gunmen and suicide bombers attacked a police intelligence headquarters and a nearby shopping mall in a coordinated attack in Kirkuk, killing 11 people and wounding 70.
    (AP, 12/4/13)(Reuters, 12/5/13)

2013        Dec 5, In Iraq gunmen shot dead magazine editor Kawa Ahmed Germyani (32). He was investigating corruption in the autonomous Kurdistan region. Police stormed a mall in Kirkuk killing 3 militants. Attacks elsewhere in the country left 7 dead.
    (AFP, 12/6/13)(SFC, 12/6/13, p.A2)

2013        Dec 7, In Iraq a bomb went off inside an outdoor market in the northern city of Mosul, killing two shoppers and wounding 15 others. An hour later 2 people were killed and seven others wounded when a roadside bomb exploded on a road frequently used by military convoys in Mishahda village, just north of Baghdad. Attacks nationwide killed 16 people, nine of whom were shot dead at alcohol shops in Baghdad.
    (AP, 12/7/13)(AP, 12/8/13)

2013        Dec 8, In Iraq a series of bombings across the country, including 14 blasts in and around Baghdad, killed 39 people and wounded over 130.
    (AP, 12/8/13)(AFP, 12/9/13)

2013        Dec 9, In Iraq a car bomb near a cafe in Buhruz, Diyala province, killed 11 people. A roadside bomb also exploded near a market in the Besmaya area southeast of Baghdad, killing at least 2 people and wounding at least eight. In the Suwaib area of south Baghdad, a roadside bomb killed 2 Sahwa anti-Al-Qaeda fighters and wounded at least two others. A blast in Madain killed at least one soldier and wounded at least two. At least 21 people were killed across the country.
    (AFP, 12/9/13)(AP, 12/9/13)

2013        Dec 10, In Iraq a suicide bomber killed 11 people and wounded 19 at the Abu Idris shrine in Baquba.
    (AFP, 12/10/13)
2013        Dec 10, The UN said it would for the first time begin airlifting food and other aid items across the border from Iraq to Syria after receiving the go-ahead from both governments.
    (AFP, 12/10/13)

2013        Dec 12, Iraq signed a $1.1 billion deal to buy 24 multi-role light fighters from South Korea. Korea Aerospace Industries (KAI) said it would deliver the T-50IQ, a variant of its T-50 supersonic aircraft, to Baghdad between 2015 and 2016.
    (AFP, 12/12/13)

2013        Dec 13, Twenty-two Iraqi suspects facing terrorism charges escaped from a prison in northern Baghdad after killing a security guard, but most were rearrested later in the day. Masked gunmen killed 18 people, most of them Iranians, working on a gas pipeline outside the northeastern town of Muqdadiya. Violence across the country killed 37 people.
    (AP, 12/13/13)(Reuters, 12/13/13)(AFP, 12/13/13)

2013        Dec 14, In Iraq bombings and a shooting killed 12 people around Baghdad.
    (AP, 12/14/13)(SSFC, 12/15/13, p.A8)

2013        Dec 15, In northern Iraq gunmen in Mosul murdered Nawras al-Nuaimi, a female TV presenter, making her the sixth journalist to be killed in the country since October.
    (AFP, 12/15/13)
2013        Dec 15, The first UN aid flight from Iraq landed in northeastern Syria with badly needed supplies, after a winter storm delayed it for several days.
    (AFP, 12/15/13)

2013        Dec 16, In Iraq militants attacked and temporarily occupied a city council headquarters in Tikrit and assaulted a police station in Baiji, as violence across the country killed at least 54 people.
    (AFP, 12/16/13)(Reuters, 12/16/13)

2013        Dec 17, In Iraq bombings in and near Baghdad killed 10 Shiite pilgrims as they were making their way on foot to Karbala.
    (AP, 12/17/13)

2013        Dec 18, An Iraqi policeman gave his own life in an attempt to protect pilgrims, embracing a suicide bomber just moments before an attack to shield others from the blast. The bomber struck in Khalis, northeast of Baghdad, killing 5 people and wounding 10. Attacks across the country killed 11 people, including 3 Pakistani Shiite pilgrims.
    (AFP, 12/18/13)(AP, 12/18/13)

2013        Dec 19, In Iraq suicide bombings targeting Shiite pilgrims around Baghdad on their way to Karbala and other violence across the country killed at least 36 people.
    (AP, 12/19/13)(AFP, 12/20/13)
2013        Dec 19, Iraq received 75 Hellfire air-to-ground missiles from the US to help combat operations against the country’s branch of al-Qaida.
    (SFC, 12/26/13, p.A2)

2013        Dec 20, Bombings in Iraq, including two in a market and a third at a cemetery where victims of the earlier attack were to be buried killed 14 people.
    (AFP, 12/20/13)

2013        Dec 21, In Iraq 5 senior officers, including a divisional commander, and 10 soldiers were killed in a raid on an Al-Qaeda hideout in Anbar province. Violence elsewhere killed 5 policemen, including the police chief of Al-Sharqat district northwest of Baghdad.
    (AFP, 12/21/13)

2013        Dec 23, In Iraq suicide bombers in Tikrit assaulted a television station headquarters, killing 5 journalists in the latest in a series of attacks against the media. Two of the bombers blew themselves up and security forces killed the other two when they stormed the building. Other violence in the country killed 17 people.
    (AFP, 12/23/13)

2013        Dec 25, In Iraq at least 34 people were killed in three bombings in Christian areas of Baghdad, including a car bomb that exploded as worshippers were leaving a Christmas service. Attacks killed at least 44 people across the country.
    (Reuters, 12/25/13)(AFP, 12/25/13)

2013        Dec 26, In Iraq a barrage of rockets were fired on Camp Liberty, home to members of the Mujahedeen-e-Khalq, the militant wing of the National Council of Resistance of Iran, a Paris-based group opposed to Iran's cleric-led government. 3 residents were killed and over 50 wounded.
    (AP, 12/27/13)

2013        Dec 27, In Iraq violence across the country left six people dead.
    (AP, 12/27/13)

2013        Dec 28, Iraqi security forces raided the Ramadi home of Sunni MP Ahmed al-Alwani, who backs anti-government protesters, arresting him and sparking clashes that killed his brother and five guards. An Iraqi soldier was also killed in the raid.
    (AFP, 12/28/13)

2013        Dec 29, The United Nations said that it has completed the first aid airlift from Iraq to Syria, providing much-needed supplies to a difficult-to-access region of the war-torn country.
    (AFP, 12/29/13)

2013        Dec 30, Iraqi security forces killed 10 gunmen in clashes that broke out in the Ramadi area as they tore down a year-old Sunni Arab protest camp. Iraqi forces battled militants in Fallujah as clashes spread after an anti-government protest camp was demolished.
    (AFP, 12/30/13)

2013        Dec 31, In Iraq clashes between security forces and gunmen killed four more people in Ramadi, a day after the closure of a sprawling anti-government protest site.
    (AFP, 12/31/13)

2013        Toby Dodge authored: “Iraq: From War to a New Authoritarianism."
    (Econ, 3/16/13, p.84)
2013        Iraqi deaths due to sectarian strife left some 9000 dead this year.
    (Econ, 3/22/14, p.49)

2014        Jan 1, In Iraq militants freed more than 100 prisoners, clashed with security forces and burned police stations in Fallujah and Ramadi. In Mosul a car bomb exploded near an army checkpoint, killing a civilian and four soldiers, including three officers.
    (AFP, 1/1/14)
2014        Jan 1, The UN said that violence claimed the lives of 7,818 civilians in Iraq in 2013, the highest annual death toll in years.
    (AP, 1/1/14)

2014        Jan 2, Iraqi security forces arrested a controversial Shiite cleric who leads an Iranian-backed militia, a move apparently aimed at bolstering Sunni support as the Shiite-led government and allied tribes battled Islamic militants who rose up in multiple Sunni-dominated cities. Fighting continued in Fallujah and Ramadi. A truck packed with explosives blew up in Balad Ruz, killing at least 19 people. At least 35 people were reported killed in Anbar province. Militants bombed a major oil pipeline in the north, causing a fire and forcing pumping to be suspended.
    (AP, 1/2/14)(AFP, 1/2/14)(SFC, 1/3/14, p.A4)

2014        Jan 3, In Iraq Sunni Muslim tribesmen backed by Iraqi troops fought al Qaeda-linked militants for control of Anbar province. More than 100 people were killed as police and tribesmen battled ISIS (Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham, aka ISIL) fighters, Al-Qaeda-linked militants who took over parts of Fallujah and Ramadi.
    (Reuters, 1/3/14)(AFP, 1/3/14)(Econ, 1/11/14, p.39)

2014        Jan 5, In Iraq a new wave of bombings hit Baghdad, killing at least 20 people. Government forces battling an al Qaeda offensive near the Syrian border launched an air strike on Ramadi killing 25 Islamist militants. 22 soldiers and 12 civilians were killed in the fighting.
    (AP, 1/5/14)(Reuters, 1/5/14)

2014        Jan 6, Iraq's PM Nouri al-Maliki urged residents and tribes of Fallujah to "expel" al-Qaida militants from the Sunni-dominated city to avoid an all-out battle. An army officer and 4 soldiers were captured near Fallujah.
    (AP, 1/6/14)(AP, 1/7/14)

2014        Jan 7, In Iraq efforts to retake Ramadi left 4 civilians dead and 14 wounded. Missile strikes outside Ramadi killed 25 militants. Troops delayed an assault on Fallujah as fierce clashes erupted between government special forces and al-Qaida-linked militants outside the city.
    (AFP, 1/7/14)(SFC, 1/8/14, p.A3)

2014        Jan 8, Iraq's PM al-Maliki urged al-Qaida-linked fighters who have overrun two cities west of Baghdad to give up the battle, vowing to press forward with a push to regain control of the mainly Sunni areas. NGOs said  more than 13,000 families have fled Fallujah.
    (AP, 1/8/14)(AFP, 1/8/14)
2014        Jan 8, Iraq's self-ruled northern Kurdish region said it has unilaterally started sending its crude to Turkey and is going ahead with plans to export oil despite objections by the central government in Baghdad. The flow of oil to Turkey started in early January.
    (AP, 1/9/14)

2014        Jan 9, In Iraq a suicide bomber blew himself up at a military recruiting center in Baghdad killing at least 21 people. Human Rights Watch said that Iraqi forces appear to have used mortar fire indiscriminately in civilian areas in recent days in their effort to dislodge militants in Anbar province.
    (AP, 1/9/14)

2014        Jan 10, In Iraq  fierce clashes erupted between special forces and al-Qaida-linked militants in al-Bubali, a village between Fallujah and Ramadi in western Anbar province.
    (AP, 1/10/14)

2014        Jan 12, Iraqi PM Nuri al-Maliki threatened to cut central government funding for Iraq's autonomous Kurdistan region if the Kurds pursued a drive to pipe oil exports to Turkey without Baghdad's approval.
    (Reuters, 1/12/14)
2014        Jan 12, In Iraq two car bombs exploded in Baghdad killing at least 21 people. Government employees returned to work under tight security in Ramadi, but militants still held parts of the Anbar provincial capital and all of Fallujah.
    (Reuters, 1/12/14)(AFP, 1/12/14)(SFC, 1/13/14, p.A2)

2014        Jan 13, Iraq’s PM Nuri al-Maliki publicly rebuked UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon's call for the country to halt executions while standing beside him at a joint news conference. Ban Ki-moon called for Iraqi leaders to address the "root causes" of a surge in bloodshed as security forces clashed with gunmen in violence-wracked Anbar province. A series of attacks in the Baghdad area, including four car bombs targeting civilians, killed at least 30 people
    (AFP, 1/13/14)(AP, 1/13/14)(AFP, 1/14/14)

2014        Jan 14, In Iraq at least 12 people were killed in violence across the country, mostly in bombings and shootings in Baghdad. Al-Qaida militants blew up an explosives laden fuel tanker at an army checkpoint, killing 3 soldiers, on a small bridge near Saqlawiya.
    (Reuters, 1/14/14)(SFC, 1/16/14, p.A2)

2014        Jan 15, In Iraq a wave of attacks, including car bombs in Baghdad, killed at least 73 people as militants took more territory from security forces in crisis-hit Anbar province. Overnight clashes erupted periodically in Ramadi and on the outskirts of Fallujah, leaving 2 children killed and 13 civilians wounded.
    (AFP, 1/15/14)(Reuters, 1/15/14)(AFP, 1/15/14)

2014        Jan 18, In Iraq clashes between militants and government troops as well as two bombings at marketplaces killed 6 people. At least a half-dozen car bombs killed 25 people and left more than 70 wounded.
    (AP, 1/18/14)(AFP, 1/18/14)

2014        Jan 19, Iraqi tribesmen backed by police special forces and helicopter gunships assaulted al Qaeda-linked militants in the eastern and southern outskirts of the city of Ramadi. Authorities imposed an indefinite curfew in Ramadi to try to avert civilian casualties. Iraq hanged 26 people convicted of "terrorism" offences.
    (Reuters, 1/19/14)(Reuters, 1/21/14)

2014        Jan 20, In central Iraq a series of bombs killed 28 people, mostly in Baghdad, as security forces battled Sunni Muslim militants around the western cities of Falluja and Ramadi.
    (Reuters, 1/20/14)(SFC, 1/21/14, p.A2)

2014        Jan 21, Iraq's Shiite-led government said it has decided in principle to create three new provinces from contested parts of the country in an apparent attempt to address Sunni grievances and counter the expansion of the Kurdish self-rule region.
    (AP, 1/21/14)
2014        Jan 21, Iraqi forces pressed their attack on anti-government fighters holding parts of the restive city of Ramadi. Violence elsewhere killed 10 people. The UN warned of "an exponential increase in the number of displaced and stranded families", with more than 22,000 families having registered as internally displaced.
    (AFP, 1/21/14)

2014        Jan 22, In Iraq several neighborhoods in south Fallujah were hit by shelling late today, with four people killed and 18 others wounded.
    (AFP, 1/22/14)

2014        Jan 23, Iraq hanged 11 people convicted of terrorist offences.
    (Reuters, 1/23/14)

2014        Jan 24, In Iraq violence in parts of Anbar province held by anti-government fighters killed 3 people. A UN report said more than 140,000 Iraqis have fled parts of Anbar province over clashes between security forces and al-Qaida militants since its brutal 2006-08 sectarian conflict.
    (AFP, 1/24/14)(AP, 1/24/14)

2014        Jan 25, In Iraq at least 17 people were killed in violence that included car bombs and a mortar attack on a Shi'ite Muslim village near Baquba.
    (Reuters, 1/25/14)(AFP, 1/25/14)

2014        Jan 26, In Iraq militants appeared to have captured 5-22 Iraqi soldiers near Fallujah. At least 13 people were killed elsewhere amid a nationwide surge in unrest.
    (AFP, 1/26/14)

2014        Jan 27, In Iraq a suicide bomber killed 4 troops near Fallujah while attacks elsewhere in the country killed 4 people.
    (AP, 1/27/14)

2014        Jan 28, In Iraq gun attacks north of Baghdad killed 7 members of the security forces.
    (AFP, 1/28/14)

2014        Jan 30, In Iraq at least 6 gunmen burst into the state-run Company for Transportation ministry building in Baghdad and killed at least 2 people. Police shot and killed 4 of the militants while two others blew themselves up. Officials blamed the Sunni Muslim ISIL (ISIS) rebels. Attacks across the city left 11 dead.
    (Reuters, 1/30/14)

2014        Jan 31, In Iraq a suicide car bomb killed 5 soldiers and destroyed a bridge in Hit, Anbar province.
    (SFC, 2/1/14, p.A2)

2014        Feb 2, Iraqi government forces pressed their assault on militant strongholds in Anbar province as attacks elsewhere killed 13 people.
    (AFP, 2/2/14)

2014        Feb 3, Iraqi army troops and allied tribesmen killed 57 ISIL fighters in Anbar province. A series of attacks in and around Baghdad, including a spate of car bombings, killed 17 people.
    (Reuters, 2/3/14)(AFP, 2/3/14)

2014        Feb 4, In Iraq attacks in and around Baghdad killed 7 people as government forces made steady progress against militants in Anbar province.
    (AFP, 2/4/14)

2014        Feb 5, In Iraq multiple bombings rocked central Baghdad, striking mainly near the heavily fortified Green Zone where key government offices are located, killed at least 34 people.
    (AFP, 2/5/14)(SFC, 2/6/14, p.A4)

2014        Feb 6, In Iraq seven car bombs exploded across Baghdad, killing at least 13 people in apparently coordinated attacks that targeted mainly Shi'ite Muslim districts.
    (Reuters, 2/6/14)
2014        Feb 6, Human Rights Watch said Iraqi authorities are illegally detaining thousands of women, many of whom are subjected to torture and ill-treatment including the threat of sexual abuse. Many were rounded up for alleged terrorist activities by male family members.
    (AP, 2/6/14)

2014        Feb 9, In Iraq 9 people were found dead in two brutal incidents, one where militants forced Shiite policemen to pray before killing them, and another where decapitated heads were left in a market.
    (AFP, 2/9/14)

2014        Feb 10, In Iraq militants accidentally set off their own car bomb at a training camp in an orchard in the village of al-Jalam, leaving 21 dead and resulting in two dozen arrests.
    (AP, 2/10/14)

2014        Feb 11, In Iraq militants in pick-up trucks ambushed army outposts protecting a major oil export pipeline in Nineveh province overnight, killing at least 16 soldiers by shooting them and slitting their throats.
    (Reuters, 2/11/14)

2014        Feb 13, In northern Iraq gunmen seized part of Sulaiman Bek and nearby villages. Bombs killed at least two people at a historic Baghdad market and set it ablaze.
    (AFP, 2/13/14)

2014        Feb 14, Iraqi troops backed by helicopter gunships regained ground in the northern town of Sulaiman Pek, a day after parts of it were overrun by Sunni Islamist insurgents. At least 12 militants were killed by the army.
    (Reuters, 2/14/14)

2014        Feb 15, Iraqi troops fought to retake full control of Sulaiman Pek from militants who overran parts of it earlier this week. South of Baghdad ISIL militants killed at least 8 soldiers in overnight clashes in Jurf al-Sakha. 12 militants were also killed. Fighting erupted in Ramadi between militants and security forces backed by tribesmen. PM Nuri al-Maliki announced over $83 million in construction funds and training for allied tribal militia during a visit Saturday to Ramadi.   
    (Reuters, 2/15/14)(AFP, 2/15/14)
2014        Feb 15, In Iraq Shi'ite Muslim cleric Moqtada al-Sadr, who led revolts against US forces in Iraq before their pullout and became a major influence in the government, said he is leaving political life and has dissolved his movement.
    (Reuters, 2/16/14)

2014        Feb 18, In Iraq bombs exploded in predominantly Shi'ite Muslim districts of Baghdad killing 14 people. Another 35 people were killed in seven car explosions in the southern city of Hilla and nearby towns.
    (Reuters, 2/18/14)

2014        Feb 22, Iraq's defense ministry announced a 72-hour halt to military operations in Fallujah, which has been held by anti-government fighters for weeks. The announcement raised the possibility of negotiations to end the crisis, during which gunmen have also seized parts of Ramadi. 4 military officers and five soldiers were killed as bombs targeted an army patrol in al-Saadiyah. In Tikrit blasts near the homes of local security and civilian officials killed five people and wounded 18. A military helicopter crashed in a remote area west of Baghdad, killing its four-member crew.
    (AFP, 2/22/14)(AP, 2/22/14)(AP, 2/23/14)

2014        Feb 23, In Iraq separate attacks around Baghdad killed at least 10 people.
    (SFC, 2/24/14, p.A2)
2014        Feb 23, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi held talks in Baghdad on issues ranging from trade to arming Iraq's hard-pressed security forces, on the first such visit in over a decade.
    (AFP, 2/23/14)

2014        Feb 24, In Iraq Atheel al-Nujaifi, governor of Nineveh province and the parliament speaker's brother, survived the third attempt on his life this month, as violence across the country killed 35 people.
    (AFP, 2/24/14)(AFP, 2/25/14)

2014        Feb 25, In Iraq attacks, including a suicide bombing near the Anbar provincial council headquarters in Ramadi, killed 12 people.
    (AFP, 2/25/14)

2014        Feb 27, In Iraq at least 21 people were killed in bombings around the capital, Baghdad.
    (AP, 2/27/14)

2014        Mar 2, In Iraq attacks in predominantly Sunni Arab areas north and west of Baghdad killed 6 people, all members of the security forces.
    (AFP, 3/2/14)

2014        Mar 3, In Iraq violence killed at least 10 people. Sabah Noori, spokesman for Iraq's Counter-Terrorism Service, said its forces had killed 52 jihadist militants in fighting over the last 24 hours in Ramadi.
    (AFP, 3/3/14)

2014        Mar 4, In Iraq militants stormed a government building in Samara, killing at least 6 people including 3 police and 3 civilians. 2 suicide bombers and 5 attackers were also killed.
    (AP, 3/4/14)

2014        Mar 5, In Iraq a series of explosions killed at least 24 people.
    (AP, 3/6/14)(SFC, 3/6/14, p.A2)

2014        Mar 6, In central Iraq a series of bombings and clashes near Fallujah left at least 42 people dead.
    (AP, 3/6/14)

2014        Mar 7, In Iraq shelling in Fallujah, held by anti-government fighters for more than two months, and a shooting targeting a local official killed seven people.
    (AFP, 3/7/14)

2014        Mar 8, Attacks in Iraq killed 9 people, including a parliamentary candidate and four children. A suicide bomber used a stolen police Humvee to pass through a military checkpoint and set off his explosives, wounding 14 people in Ramadi.
    (AFP, 3/8/14)(AP, 3/8/14)

2014        Mar 9, In southern Iraq a suicide bomber driving a minibus packed with explosives killed 21 civilians and 15 security personnel in Hillah. A gun attack on a checkpoint North of Hilla left 2 policemen dead and four others wounded. In Abu Ghraib gunmen shot dead at least 2 soldiers and wound one at an army checkpoint. Six attacks north of the capital killed 3 policemen and two soldiers and wound nearly 40.
    (www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-26505128)(SFC, 3/10/14, p.A2)

2014        Mar 14, In Iraq bombings in and around Baghdad, including blasts near two markets, killed 7 people.
    (AFP, 3/14/14)

2014        Mar 18, In Iraq a series of bombings targeting commercial streets and security forces in and south of Baghdad killed 8 people.
    (AP, 3/18/14)

2014        Mar 19, In Iraq violence across the county killed 30 people. This included 15 dead from shelling and clashes in Fallujah.
    (AFP, 3/19/14)

2014        Mar 20, In Iraq a suicide bomber struck a Baghdad café overnight killing at least 12 people.
    (SFC, 3/21/14, p.A2)

2014        Mar 21, In Iraq militants controlled the northern village of Sarha for several hours as attacks nationwide killed 27 people, including at least 10 policemen, amid a surge in bloodshed ahead of parliamentary elections. Scores of gunmen took over a federal police headquarters in Injana before driving a tanker laden with explosives into the building, killing many.
    (AFP, 3/21/14)(Reuters, 3/21/14)

2014        Mar 22, In Iraq a series of attacks killed 15 members of the security forces and civilians in areas north of Baghdad. A police officer was killed in a relatively rare attack in the port city of Basra, while security forces reopened a key highway after retaking a village from militants.
    (AP, 3/22/14)(AFP, 3/22/14)
2014        Mar 22, In Iraq a presidential guard, a captain in the Kurdish peshmerga forces, shot dead Mohammed Bidaiwi, a senior Iraqi journalist, during an argument in Baghdad and then fled, briefly sparking a standoff in which PM Nuri al-Maliki demanded he be handed over.
    (AFP, 3/22/14)

2014        Mar 27, Iraqi army forces began shelling the region of Zoba, just south of Fallujah, sparking clashes with militants. At least 3 people were killed and 53 wounded in the shelling and firefights. A series of attacks targeting commercial areas killed 26 people. In Ramadi 4 soldiers were killed and 10 wounded in a  booby-trapped building.
    (AFP, 3/28/14)(AP, 3/28/14)(AP, 4/1/14)

2014        Mar 28, In Iraq a triple bombing struck a busy market area in northern Baghdad, killing 4 people.
    (AP, 3/28/14)

2014        Mar 29, In southern Iraq commercial production on one of the biggest undeveloped oilfields in the world. Russian energy giant Lukoil was the principal firm developing the enormous West Qurna-2 field.
    (AFP, 3/29/14)

2014        Mar 30, In Iraq attackers sprayed with bullets a group of troops manning a checkpoint near Mosul killing 7 soldiers. A suicide bomber detonated a vehicle packed with explosives on a major bridge in Ramadi killing 7 people. Parts of the al-Houz bridge fell into the Euphrates river. Two police officers were killed by a roadside bomb that exploded near their car in Tikrit. A bomb explosion at the entrance of an out-door market killed 4 shoppers and wounded nine others in Baghdad's suburb of Youssifiyah.
    (AFP, 3/30/14)(AP, 3/30/14)

2014        Apr 1, In Iraq a national election campaign officially kicked off ahead of the April 30 vote. A series of attacks north of Baghdad killed 8 soldiers.
    (AP, 4/1/14)

2014        Apr 2, In Iraq a series of bombings killed 8 people, including army recruits, as the country prepared for April 30 parliamentary elections.
    (AP, 4/2/14)

2014        Apr 3, In Iraq fighting between government troops and al-Qaida-inspired militants killed 40 gunmen and an army officer near Baghdad, as attacks continued elsewhere in the country ahead of elections this month.
    (AP, 4/3/14)

2014        Apr 4, In Iraq separate attacks targeting the military and a marketplace in Baghdad killed 6 people, including members of the security forces.
    (AP, 4/4/14)

2014        Apr 5, In Iraq an explosion at a booby-trapped house near Fallujah, ensuing clashes with militants and roadside bombings killed 21 soldiers.
    (SSFC, 4/6/14, p.A2)

2014        Apr 6, In Iraq gunmen near Baghdad kidnapped and later shot to death 6 men, the deadliest of a series of attacks that killed at least 15 people across the country.
    (AP, 4/6/14)(SFC, 4/7/14, p.A2)

2014        Apr 7, In Iraq a suicide car bomb attack on a police checkpoint near Samarra killed 5 people, including 3 policemen.
    (AP, 4/7/14)

2014        Apr 8, Iraq's electoral commission said that there will be no balloting on April 30 in parts of the Sunni-dominated Anbar province engulfed in clashes between security forces and al-Qaida-inspired militants. Attacks left 15 people dead. Security forces said they killed 25 militants near Baghdad amid worries insurgents are encroaching on the capital weeks ahead of elections.
    (AP, 4/8/14)(AFP, 4/8/14)

2014        Apr 9, In Iraq car bombs hit several mostly Shiite neighborhoods of Baghdad and Numaniyah south of the capital, killing at least 34 people and wounding dozens.
    (AP, 4/9/14)(SFC, 4/10/14, p.A4)

2014        Apr 13, In northern Iraq bombings targeting security forces killed at least 16 people.
    (AP, 4/13/14)

2014        Apr 15, In Iraq shelling in Fallujah killed 5 people and wounded 16. Mortar rounds and twin suicide bombings in Anbar provincial capital Ramadi, farther west, left one dead and eight wounded. The justice ministry said Abu Ghraib prison, made infamous by Saddam Hussein's regime and US forces, has been closed due to security concerns following a mass breakout last year.
    (AFP, 4/15/14)

2014        Apr 16, In Iraq two suicide bombers rammed their explosives-laden cars into security checkpoints leading to the military operation command in the city of Ramadi, killing 5 soldiers and 3 police officers.
    (AP, 4/16/14)

2014        Apr 17, In northern Iraq militants launched a brazen attack on a military base outside Mosul, killing at least 10 soldiers and wounding 12. In Baghdad a car bomb exploded on a busy commercial street in the Karrada neighborhood, killing at least 9 people and wounding 22 others.
    (AP, 4/17/14)

2014        Apr 18, In Iraq a bomb planted on a street full of shoppers in Baghdad killed 3 people and wounded five.
    (AP, 4/18/14)

2014        Apr 19, In Iraq two bombs planted on a street full of shoppers in the Dora neighborhood of Baghdad killed 4 people and wounded eight.
    (AP, 4/19/14)

2014        Apr 20, In Iraq a series of attacks, including a coordinated assault on a private Shiite college in Baghdad, killed at least 15 people and wounded nearly 50 others.
    (AP, 4/20/14)

2014        Apr 21, In Iraq suicide bombings and other attacks across the country killed at least 19 people and wounded 36.
    (AP, 4/21/14)
2014        Apr 21, Turkey's energy minister said an oil pipeline carrying crude from Iraq's Kirkuk oil fields to Turkey's Mediterranean port of Ceyhan is unusable because of persistent militant attacks.
    (Reuters, 4/21/14)

2014        Apr 22, In Iraq militants wearing military uniforms carried out an overnight attack against a balloting center in Daqouq village outside Kirkuk and killed 10 guards.
    (AP, 4/22/14)

2014        Apr 24, A UN panel that settles claims for damages resulting from Iraq's 1990 invasion of Kuwait paid out another $990 million. The Geneva-based commission was established by the UN Security Council in 1991 and is funded by a 5 percent tax on the export of Iraqi oil. It makes payments every three months.
    (AP, 4/24/14)

2014        Apr 24, In Iraq a car bomb exploded at a police checkpoint south of Baghdad, killing 8 people.
    (AFP, 4/24/14)

2014        Apr 25, In Iraq a multiple bombing killed at least 33 people at a campaign rally for a militant Shiite group in Baghdad. ISIL claimed responsibility for the attack on the rally, which drew about 10,000 backers of Asaib Ahl al-Haq. Several hours later a senior Sunni politician in the mostly Shiite southern city of Basra was shot dead in what appeared to be a revenge attack.
    (AP, 4/26/14)

2014        Apr 26, Iraqi police found 9 bodies, some bullet-riddled, in several Sunni and Shiite districts of Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/26/14)

2014        Apr 27, Iraqi army helicopters attacked a jihadist convoy inside eastern Syria as it tried to approach the border, killing 8 people.
    (AP, 4/27/14)

2014        Apr 28, In Iraq 25 people were killed in the Kurdish town of Khanaquin as suicide bombers attacked police and soldiers casting their vote early for a national election in two days' time. Over the last two days nearly 50 people were killed in violence across the country.
    (Reuters, 4/28/14)(SFC, 4/29/14, p.A2)

2014        Apr 29, In Iraq a pair of back-to-back bombs ripped through an outdoor market in  al-Saadiyah, 140km northeast of Baghdad, killing at least 17 people and wounding 42.
    (AP, 4/29/14)

2014        Apr 30, Iraqis voted in their first national election since US forces withdrew in 2011, with PM Nuri al-Maliki seeking a third term amid rising violence. Maliki won the largest share of Iraqi parliamentary seats in the elections. 12 people were killed in Sunni parts of the country in election-related violence. Two roadside bombs in a northern town killed two women walking to a polling station to cast ballots.
    (Reuters, 4/30/14)(AP, 4/30/14)(Reuters, 5/19/14)

2014        May 3, In Iraq gunmen killed 4 Sunni anti-al-Qaida militiamen in Tarmiyah.
    (AP, 5/3/14)

2014        May 4, In Iraq shelling in Fallujah, held by anti-government fighters for over four months, killed 11 people over the last 24 hours.
    (AFP, 5/4/14)

2014        May 9, In Iraq army shelling killed 8 civilians and 3 gunmen in the militant-held city of Fallujah.
    (AP, 5/10/14)

2014        May 10, In Iraq a series of bombings killed 14 people. Militants launched an audacious late night attack on a military barracks in the village of Ayn al-Jahish outside of Mosul and killed 20 troops, including some who had been bound and shot at close range.
    (AP, 5/10/14)(AP, 5/11/14)

2014        May 11, In Iraq gunmen in speeding car opened fire on members of the Sahwa militia in Adeim, about 100 km north of Baghdad, killing seven. Outside of Mosul gunmen attacked a joint checkpoint for Iraqi police and the Sahwa, killing 3 police officers and one Sunni militiaman. Another Sahwa member was killed along with his brother and son when gunmen stormed his house in the town of Youssifiyah.
    (AP, 5/11/14)

2014        May 13, In Iraq militants unleashed a wave of car bombings, killing at least 34 people and sending thick, black smoke into the Baghdad skies in a show of force meant to intimidate the majority Shiites as they marked what is meant to be a joyous holiday for their sect.
    (AP, 5/13/14)

2014        May 14, In Iraq attacks targeting security forces killed 13 people across the country.
    (AP, 5/14/14)

2014        May 15, In Iraq a spate of bombings in Baghdad, killing at least 19 people.
    (AP, 5/15/14)(AP, 5/16/14)

2014        May 16, In Iraq separate attacks killed 5 members of an anti-militant Sunni militia. An al-Qaida splinter group claimed responsibility for a spate of Baghdad bombings that killed at least 19 people the day before.
    (AP, 5/16/14)

2014        May 17, In Iraq a bombing at an outdoor market in Tarmiyha, 50 km north of Baghdad, killed 5 people.
    (AP, 5/17/14)

2014        May 18, In Iraq a series of bombings mainly targeting markets and commercial streets killed 14 people.
    (AP, 5/18/14)(SFC, 5/19/14, p.A2)

2014        May 19, In Iraq election results from April 30 were released by the Independent High Electoral Commission and showed that PM al-Maliki's State of Law gained 92 seats, winning the top spot in 10 of 18 provinces. He would need to build support from a total of 165 seats to have a shot at keeping the prime minister's post.
    (AP, 5/19/14)

2014        May 23, Iraq took legal action against Turkey after Ankara announced that oil from Iraq's autonomous Kurdish region was being exported to international markets.
    (AFP, 5/23/14)
2014        May 23, In Iraq violence in Baghdad and in Nineveh killed 9 people as throngs of Shiite pilgrims converged on Baghdad for annual commemoration rituals.
    (AFP, 5/23/14)

2014        May 25, In Iraq a car bomb exploded outside a liquor store in Kirkuk overnight, killing at least 12 civilians.
    (AP, 5/25/14)

2014        May 27, In Iraq a suicide bomber blew himself up inside a Shi'ite mosque in central Baghdad, killing 17 people. Altogether a wave of attacks left 21 people dead.
    (Reuters, 5/27/14)(AP, 5/28/14)

2014        May 28, In Iraq a suicide car bomber struck a police checkpoint in Baghdad, killing at least 6 people in the deadliest in a series of attacks that left 14 people dead.
    (AP, 5/28/14)

2014        Jun 1, In Iraq 40 people were killed in nationwide unrest, including 22 who died as a result of clashes and shelling in and around Fallujah.
    (AP, 6/2/14)

2014        Jun 2, Attacks across Iraq killed at least 15 people.
    (AP, 6/2/14)

2014        Jun 3, In Iraq government shelling of Fallujah killed 18 people and wounded another 43.
    (AFP, 6/3/14)

2014        Jun 4, In Iraq back-to-back car bombs rocked the ethnically mixed city of Kirkuk, in the deadliest of a string of attacks across the country that left 17 people dead.
    (AP, 6/4/14)

2014        Jun 5, In Iraqi militants launched an attack in Samarra, killing 7 members of the security forces and taking control of some areas of the city. Several attackers were killed as the army pushed back the assault. Fierce clashes broke out in Mosul.
    (AP, 6/5/14)(Econ, 6/21/14, p.46)

2014        Jun 6,  In northern Iraq a back-to-back car bomb attack targeting an ethnic minority in Tahrawa and clashes in Mosul killed at least 20 people.
    (AP, 6/6/14)(SFC, 6/7/14, p.A2)

2014        Jun 7, In Iraq fighting in Mosul killed 21 police and 38 militants. In Anbar province ISIL militants stormed Anbar University briefly taking students hostage before withdrawing from the school amid gunfire. 3 policemen and a guard were killed. A wave of car bombs exploded across Baghdad, killing more than 60 people.
    (AP, 6/7/14)(Reuters, 6/7/14)

2014        Jun 8, In Iraq a suicide bomber blew himself up at the headquarters of a Kurdish political party in the ethnically mixed province of Diyala. Minutes later a car bomb exploded as security arrived in Jalula. At least 19 people were killed and 65 wounded. ISIL claimed responsibility.
    {Iraq}
    (AP, 6/8/14)(SFC, 6/9/14, p.A2)

2014        Jun 9, In Iraq at least 30 people were killed in a double bombing targeting the offices of PUK, a Kurdish political party, in the northern town of Tuz Khurmato. ISIL claimed responsibility.
    (Reuters, 6/9/14)

2014        Jun 10, Iraq's PM Nuri al-Maliki has asked parliament to declare a state of emergency after Sunni Islamist insurgents seized control of most of Mosul, the country's second largest city. Militants from the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and their allies overran a military base and freed hundreds of prisoners. The rampage by the militants sent an estimated 500,000 people fleeing from the city. In Baquba two bombs exploded near a funeral procession, killing 20 people. Human Rights Watch later reported that some 600 male Shiite inmates from Badoosh prison outside Mosul were forced to kneel along the edge of a nearby ravine and shot with automatic weapons.
    (Reuters, 6/10/14)(AFP, 6/10/14)(AP, 6/11/14)(AP, 10/30/14)
2014        Jun 10, In Iraq ISIL militants seized 48 Turks from the Turkish consulate in Mosul, including the consul-general, three children and several members of Turkey's special forces. ISIL, numbering some 7-10 thousand fighters, was led by Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi.
    (Reuters, 6/11/14)(SFC, 6/12/14, p.A8)(Econ, 8/2/14, p.41)

2014        Jun 11, In Iraq car bomb struck Shiite pilgrims heading to Karbala, killing four people and wounding 10. Police said a car bomb blast killed three people and wounded 12 in a town just south of Baghdad. Atheel al-Nujaifi, the Ninevah provincial governor, said authorities are determined to recapture the northern city of Mosul. Militants took control of Tikrit and freed hundreds of prisoners, the 2nd provincial capital to fall in two days.
    (AP, 6/11/14)(AFP, 6/11/14)

2014        Jun 11 - 2014 Jun 14, In Iraq militants from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant killed between 160 and 190 men in two locations in Tikrit.
    (AP, 6/27/14)

2014        Jun 12, Iraqi Kurdish forces took control of the northern oil city of Kirkuk, after government troops abandoned their posts in the face of a triumphant Sunni Islamist rebel march towards Baghdad. Sunni militants from the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) overran Tikrit and closed in on the biggest oil refinery in the country, making further gains in their rapid military advance against the Shi'ite-led government in Baghdad. The Islamic State killed at least 1,566 Iraqi Air Force cadets in Tikrit in what came to be called Camp Speicher massacre. A car bombing in a crowded market in the town of Safwan, which sits on Iraq's southernmost border with Kuwait, killed 5 people. Militants executed 10 soldiers and policemen near the town of Riyadh. A suicide bomber blew himself up in Sadr City, killing at least 38 people. 18 people were killed when a car bomb exploded near the northern Kadhimiya district, where there is a Shi'ite shrine. Parliament failed to reach a quorum, preventing it from voting on a request to announce a state of emergency to deal with a major jihadist offensive.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Camp_Speicher_massacre)(AFP, 6/12/14) (Reuters, 6/12/14)
2014        Jun 12, In Iraq militants driving in machine gun-mounted pickups entered the two newly conquered towns in Diyala province late today — Jalula, 125 km (80 miles) northeast of Baghdad, and Sadiyah, 95 km (60 miles) north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/13/14)

2014        Jun 13, Iraqi army helicopters fired rockets on one of the largest mosques in the city of Tikrit. A representative for Iraq's top Shiite cleric urged Iraqis to defend their country. Iran's official IRNA news agency reported that former members of Tehran's powerful Revolutionary Guard have announced their readiness to fight in Iraq against Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL).
    (Reuters, 6/13/14)(AP, 6/13/14)

2014        Jun 14, Iraqi security forces found the burned bodies of 12 policemen when they recaptured Ishaqi, Salaheddin province, from militants. An Iraqi air strike hit a convoy of Kurdish forces, which have moved into an area of eastern Iraq during a militant offensive, killing six fighters.
    (AFP, 6/14/14)(AFP, 6/15/14)

2014        Jun 15, An Iraqi spokesman said security forces have killed 279 "terrorists" in the past 24 hours, as they pushed back against a major militant offensive. A series of explosions in Baghdad killed at least 19 people and injured over 40. Mortar rounds smashed into a central Iraq recruitment centre for civilians volunteering to fight a militant offensive, killing 6 people. Sunni militants attacked Tal Afar. Images posted by ISIL militants indicated some 170 Iraqi soldiers killed following the June 12 capture of Tikrit. A claim of 1,700 killed was not confirmed.
    (AFP, 6/15/14)(Reuters, 6/15/14)(AP, 6/16/14)(SFC, 6/16/14, p.A4)

2014        Jun 16, In Iraq Sunni militants captured Tal Afar, a strategic city along the highway to Syria. Interior Ministry spokesman, Brig. Gen. Saad Maan Ibrahim, told a press conference that Iraqi security forces killed 56 "terrorists" and wounded 21 in operations just outside the capital over the last 24 hours.
    (AP, 6/16/14)
2014        Jun 16, Pres. Obama notified congress that up to 275 soldiers could be sent to Iraq to protect the US Embassy and other American interests.
    (AP, 6/17/14)(SFC, 6/17/14, p.A1)
2014        Jun 16, Secretary of State John Kerry said the Obama administration is willing to talk with Iran over deteriorating security conditions in Iraq.
    (AP, 6/16/14)
2014        Jun 16, Britain said it would ban the Sunni Islamist insurgent group the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), whose stunning offensive in northern Iraq in the past week has spurred fears of all-out sectarian warfare in the Middle East.
    (AP, 6/16/14)

2014        Jun 17, In Iraq pro-government Shiite militiamen killed nearly four dozen Sunni detainees after insurgents tried to storm a jail and free them northeast of Baghdad. 9 of the attackers were reported killed. The Iraqi military, however, insisted the inmates were killed when the attackers shelled the facility. In central Baghdad a sticky bomb attached to a car went off, killing 3 passengers and wounding 11 bystanders.
    (AP, 6/17/14)
2014        Jun 17, In Iraq gunmen loyal to the rebel Free Syrian Army and Al-Qaeda's Syrian franchise Al-Nusra Front took control of Al-Qaim, the Iraqi side of a border crossing with Syria, after security forces withdrew. They had already controlled the Syrian side of the crossing.
    (AFP, 6/17/14)

2014        Jun 18, Iraqi security forces battled insurgents targeting the country's main oil refinery and said it had regained partial control of Tal Afar, a city near the Syrian border. Fighting shut the Baiji refinery.
    (AP, 6/18/14)(Econ, 6/21/14, p.71)
2014        Jun 18, Iraq's autonomous Kurdish region formed a new government after months of wrangling, with premier Nechirvan Barzani using the occasion to call for defending disputed northern territory.
    (AFP, 6/18/14)
2014        Jun 18, The Indian government said 40 Indian construction workers have been seized near Iraq's second-largest city, Mosul, which ISIL and allied Sunni fighters captured last week. The Turkish Foreign Ministry said its diplomats were investigating a Turkish media report that militants grabbed 60 foreign construction workers, including some 15 Turks, near the northern Iraqi oil city of Kirkuk.
    (AP, 6/18/14)

2014        Jun 19, In Iraq Col. Ali al-Qureishi told state-run Iraqiya television by telephone that the Beiji oil facility remained under his control. He said his forces had killed nearly 100 militants since June 17. The Beiji refinery accounts for just over a quarter of the country's entire refining capacity.
    (AP, 6/19/14)
2014        Jun 19, In Iraq the bullet-riddled bodies of 4 handcuffed men, presumably Sunnis, were discovered in the Shiite Baghdad district of Abu Dashir. A roadside bomb hit a police patrol on a highway in the east of Baghdad, killing 2 police officers and wounding two. A car bomb also exploded inside a parking lot in Baghdad's southeastern Shiite neighborhood of New Baghdad, killing 3 people and wounding seven.
    (AP, 6/19/14)

2014        Jun 20, In Iraq Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani, the spiritual leader of the Shiite majority, called for a new, "effective" government, increasing pressure on PM Maliki as an offensive by Sunni militants rages on.
    (AP, 6/20/14)
2014        Jun 20, Iraqi Kurdistan looked set to unload in Israel a first cargo of disputed crude oil from its new pipeline after weeks of seeking an outlet as Iraq's central government has threatened legal action against any buyer.
    (Reuters, 6/20/14)

2014        Jun 21, In Iraq thousands of heavily-armed Shiite militiamen paraded through several cities as Sunni militants seized Qaim and Rawah, two strategically located towns in what appeared to be a new offensive in the western Anbar province.
    (AP, 6/21/14)
2014        Jun 21, The Arbil Citadel that dominates the capital of Iraqi Kurdistan was granted World Heritage Site status.
    (AFP, 6/21/14)

2014        Jun 22, Iraqi military officials said Sunni militants have captured the Turabil crossing with Jordan and the al-Walid crossing with Syria. Militants also seized Rutba in Anbar province, the fourth town to fall in two days.
    (AP, 6/22/14)(Econ, 6/28/14, p.40)

2014        Jun 24, Iraqi air strikes killed at least 32 people as security forces held off attacks on a strategic town and an oil refinery. The UN said at least 1,075 people, the vast majority of them civilians, have been killed in Iraq during June as a Sunni insurgency overtakes key areas of the country.
    (AFP, 6/24/14)(AP, 6/24/14)

2014        Jun 25, Iraq's Shiite PM al-Maliki rejected calls to form an interim "national salvation government" that critics say would allow the country's squabbling sects to quickly present a unified front in the face of a growing threat by Sunni militants. Sunni militants launched a dawn raid on a key Iraqi oil refinery they have been trying to take for days, but security forces fought them back. Militants attacked one of Iraq's largest air bases and seized control of several small oilfields as US military experts began arriving to set up an operations center to help Iraqi security forces counter a mounting Sunni insurgency.
    (AP, 6/25/14)(Reuters, 6/25/14)

2014        Jun 26, Iraq's vice president called on parliament to convene on July 1, taking the first step toward forming a new government to present a united front against a rapidly advancing Sunni insurgency. Militants took a town an hour from Baghdad that is home to four natural gas fields. Iraqi forces launched an airborne assault on rebel-held Tikrit with commandos flown into a stadium in helicopters, at least one of which crashed after taking fire from insurgents.
    (AP, 6/26/14)(Reuters, 6/26/14)
2014        Jun 26, Armed US drones began flying over Iraq.
    (SFC, 6/27/14, p.A2)

2014        Jun 27, Iraqi forces fought for a second day to seize control of a strategically located university in militant-held Tikrit ahead of a full-scale assault on the city.
    (AFP, 6/27/14)
2014        Jun 27, Iraqi Kurdish leader Massud Barzani said there was no going back on autonomous Kurdish rule in oil city Kirkuk and other towns now defended against Sunni militants by Kurdish fighters.
    (AFP, 6/27/14)

2014        Jun 28, Iraqi troops backed by helicopter gunships launched an operation aimed at dislodging Sunni militants from the northern city of Tikrit. The military also carried out three airstrikes on the insurgent held city of Mosul.
    (AP, 6/28/14)
2014        Jun 28, China's Xinhua state news agency said more than 1,200 Chinese workers who were trapped in the embattled northern Iraqi city of Samarra have been evacuated to Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/28/14)

2014        Jun 29, Iraqi helicopter gunships struck suspected insurgent positions in Tikrit as part of a government offensive to retake the northern city from Sunni militants led by the al-Qaida breakaway Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). Insurgents retained control of most of Tikrit.
    (AP, 6/29/14)
2014        Jun 29, The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) proclaimed its leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi to be caliph over territory it controls in Syria and Iraq and demanded all Muslims around the world to pledge allegiance.
    (AP, 6/30/14)

2014        Jun 30, Iraq lifted a 17-day social media ban imposed to disrupt the communications of armed militants who have seized much of its west and north, although about 20 news websites remain blocked.
    (Reuters, 7/1/14)

2014        Jul 1, Iraq's new parliament deadlocked less than two hours into its first session when minority Sunnis and Kurds walked out, dashing hopes for the quick formation of a new government that could hold the country together in the face of a militant blitz.
    (AP, 7/1/14)
2014        Jul 1, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, leader of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) called on Muslims worldwide to join the battle to help build an Islamic state in newly conquered territory. ISIS (aka ISIL) fighters numbered about 11,000.
    (SFC, 7/2/14, p.A2)(Econ, 6/14/14, p.11)

2014        Jul 2, Iraq’s PM Nuri al-Maliki offered a general amnesty in a rare conciliatory move to undercut support for militants whose offensive has overrun swathes of territory and threatens to tear Iraq apart.
    (AFP, 7/2/14)

2014        Jul 3, Iraqi and US security officials said insurgents are preparing for an assault on Baghdad, with sleeper cells planted inside the capital to rise up at "Zero Hour" and aid fighters pushing in from the outskirts.
    (Reuters, 7/3/14)
2014        Jul 3, The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant marched across eastern Syria near the border with Iraq, seizing towns, villages and the country's largest oil field as rival rebel factions gave up the fight. ISIL released 32 Turkish truck drivers who they captured during a lightning offensive across northern and western Iraq last month.
    (AP, 7/3/14)
2014        Jul 3, The president of Iraq's autonomous Kurdish region asked its parliament to plan a referendum on Kurdish independence.
    (Reuters, 7/3/14)
2014        Jul 3, India's Foreign Ministry said that nearly 50 Indian nurses from the southern state of Kerala have been taken against their will from a hospital in the militant-controlled city of Tikrit in Iraq. The 46 nurses, trapped in  Tikrit for more than a week, crossed into the Kurdish region on July 4. All returned to India on July 5.
    (Reuters, 7/3/14)(AP, 7/5/14)
2014        Jul 3, Saudi-owned al-Arabiya television said the government has deployed 30,000 soldiers to its border with Iraq after Iraqi soldiers abandoned the area. Baghdad denied this and said the frontier remained under its full control.
    (Reuters, 7/3/14)

2014        Jul 4, Iraqi government airstrikes targeted Islamic militants trying to capture the country's largest oil refinery, reportedly killing as many as 30 insurgents. Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, ISIL leader and self-proclaimed "caliph," gave a 30-minute sermon in the most venerated mosque in Mosul. A video of the sermon was posted the next day. The US had a $10 million bounty on Baghdadi.
    (AP, 7/4/14)(AFP, 7/6/14)(SFC, 7/7/14, p.A2)

2014        Jul 5, Iran state media reported that Colonel Shoja'at Alamdari Mourjani has been killed while fighting in Iraq, in what is thought to be Tehran's first military casualty during battles against Islamic State jihadists.
    (AFP, 7/5/14)

2014        Jul 6, In Iraq a girl (12) was killed and eight other civilians wounded in an Iraqi airstrike on Tuz Khurmato, a Kurdish-held town in the northern province of Salahuddin. 4 people were killed and 16 wounded in a suicide bomb blast at a cafe in the Washash district of northwestern Baghdad. An Iranian military adviser, who was helping coordinate among Shiite militias, was killed by a roadside bomb north of Baghdad.
    (Reuters, 7/7/14)(AFP, 7/7/14)(AP, 7/9/14)

2014        Jul 7, In Iraq Major General Najm Abdullah al-Sudani, the commander of the army's 6th division, was killed by hostile shelling in Ibrahim bin Ali in the Abu Ghraib area, just west of Baghdad. At least 7 people including four policemen were killed in northern Baghdad when a suicide bomber blew up a car packed with explosives at a checkpoint.
    (AFP, 7/7/14)(Reuters, 7/7/14)

2014        Jul 8, In Iraq a suicide bomber detonated an explosives-rigged vehicle at a checkpoint south of Samarra, killing 5 people. A roadside bomb killed three federal police and wounded two more west of Samarra.
    (AFP, 7/8/14)

2014        Jul 9, Iraqi officials discovered 53 bodies, many of them blindfolded and with their hands bound, in in the predominantly Shiite village of Khamissiya outside the city of Hillah, 95 km (60 miles) south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 7/9/14)(Reuters, 7/9/14)

2014        Jul 10, In Iraq PM Nouri al-Maliki's relationship with the Kurdish minority further frayed, as the Kurds declared their politicians will boycott Cabinet meetings and authorities in Baghdad suspended all cargo flights to the largely autonomous northern Kurdish region.
    (AP, 7/10/14)

2014        Jul 11, In Iraq clashes over the last 24 hours between Sunni militants and security forces near Anbar provincial capital Ramadi killed 11 police and wounded 24.
    (AFP, 7/11/14)
2014        Jul 11, Kurdish forces seized two oilfields in north Iraq and took over operations from a state-run oil company, while Kurdish politicians formally withdrew from PM Nuri al-Maliki's government.
    (Reuters, 7/11/14)

2014        Jul 12, Iraqi forces and tribal fighters beat back a fresh assault by Sunni militants on the town of Haditha. The fighting left 13 militants and four police dead. In Diyala province security forces and civilian volunteers launched a push to retake militant-held areas north of Muqdadiyah. The reported dead included 7 civilians, 15 militia fighters and 24 “terrorists." A UN envoy warned of chaos if divided lawmakers do not make progress toward naming a government.
    (AFP, 7/12/14)(Reuters, 7/12/14)
2014        Jul 12, In Iraq gunmen stormed two buildings in Baghdad's residential district of Zayouna, known in the area for housing rented flats where a notorious pimp kept a "stable" of up to 60 women. At least 31 people were killed, two of them men.
    (AFP, 7/14/14)

2014        Jul 13, Iraq's deadlocked parliament failed to overcome the deep divisions hampering the formation of a new government, making no progress on choosing new leaders. Insurgents barreled unopposed into the town of Duluiyah, some 80 km (45 miles) north of Baghdad. The Iraqi military launched a counterattack. 6 members of the security forces and 6 pro-government Sunni militiamen were killed in the fighting.
    (AP, 7/13/14)

2014        Jul 14, In Iraq two car bombs in commercial areas of Baghdad killed at least 7 people, as government forces and allied Sunni tribal fighters tried to dislodge militants from Duluiyah, 45 miles north of Baghdad. Authorities discovered 12 bloated bodies with gunshot wounds to the head near the village of Nofal.
    (AP, 7/14/14)(SFC, 7/15/14, p.A4)

2014        Jul 15, Iraqi lawmakers broke their deadlock and elected a new speaker of parliament, taking the first formal step toward forming a new government that is widely seen as crucial to confronting militants who have overrun much of the country. Sunni lawmaker Salim al-Jubouri won with 194 votes in the 328-seat parliament. Iraqi forces withdrew from the militant-held city of Tikrit after their new offensive met heavy resistance.
    (AP, 7/15/14)(Reuters, 7/16/14)

2014        Jul 17, In Iraq a bomb attack ripped through a sprawling Baghdad market, killing 5 people. An 18-year-old Australian man was later identified as the suicide bomber. In Taji a suicide bomber rammed his car into a military checkpoint, killing 7 people. Militants attacked the Turkuman town of Amirli overnight, striking from three directions. 9 insurgents and one soldier were killed in the fighting.
    (AP, 7/18/14)(AFP, 7/21/14)
2014        Jul 17, Iraq's autonomous region of Kurdistan pumped an experimental 20,000 barrels of light crude from an oilfield recently seized from the federal authorities. It was the first time the Kurds pumped oil from Bai Hassan field -- 55 km (35 miles) northwest of Kirkuk. The field used to average 190,000 barrels per day.
    (AFP, 7/17/14)

2014        Jul 18, In Iraq jihadists warned all Christians in Mosul to leave by the next day or be killed.
    (Econ, 7/26/14, p.41)

2014        Jul 19, In Iraq a series of bombings, including three over a span of less than 10 minutes, killed at least 27 people across Baghdad. Northwest of Tikrit, heavy fighting raged around an air base that previously served as a US military facility known as Camp Speicher. Hundreds of Christian families fled their homes in Mosul before a jihadist ultimatum threatening their community's centuries-old presence in the northern Iraqi city expired.
    (AP, 7/19/14)(AFP, 7/19/14)
2014        Jul 19, The United Nations accused Islamic State fighters in Iraq of executions, rape and forced recruitment of children during a campaign to seize much of northern Iraq, part of a conflict it said has killed almost 5,600 civilians this year.
    (Reuters, 7/18/14)

2014        Jul 20, In Iraq mortar rounds rained down on Shiite neighborhoods in the town of Mahmoudiya, killing 11 civilians and wounding 31. Islamic State (IS) fighters stormed Mar (Saint) Behnam, a 4th century monastery run by the Syriac Catholic church near the predominantly Christian town of Qaraqosh, and expelled its five resident monks.
    (AP, 7/21/14)(AFP, 7/21/14)

2014        Jul 21, In Iraq a roadside bomb struck an army patrol overnight in Baghdad's western suburb of Abu Ghraib, killing 2 soldiers and 3 volunteers who took up arms following the recent Sunni militant push.
    (AP, 7/21/14)

2014        Jul 22, In Iraq a suicide bombing in Baghdad killed 31 people. The Islamic State group claimed responsibility for a deadly attack on a checkpoint near a revered Shiite shrine in the heart of the capital. Deadly clashes erupted between government security forces and militants outside the city of Ramadi, Anbar province, killing 8 militants.
    (AP, 7/23/14)

2014        Jul 24, Iraqi lawmakers elected a veteran Kurdish politician Fouad Massoum (76) as the nation's new president. Hours earlier militants fired mortar shells at an army base where suspects facing terrorism charges were being held in Taji. As the prisoners were being bussed a gunbattle erupted  leaving 52 prisoners and 8 soldiers dead.
    (AP, 7/24/14)
2014        Jul 24, In Iraq Islamic militants blew up the Mosque of the Prophet Younis (aka Jonah) in Mosul. They also blew up the Imam Aoun Bin al-Hassan mosque.
    (SFC, 7/25/14, p.A6)
2014        Jul 24, UN official Jacqueline Badcock said Jihadists in Iraq have ordered that all women between the ages of 11 and 46 must undergo female genital mutilation, which could affect up to four million women and girls in the war-ravaged country.
    (AP, 7/24/14)

2014        Jul 25, In northern Iraq a series of blasts outside Shiite prayer halls killed four people and wounded 19 others in Kirkuk. Gunmen traveling in 10 black SUVs seized Riyadh al-Adhdah, a senior Sunni politician who had previously been jailed on terrorism charges, from his home in Baghdad.
    (AFP, 7/25/14)(AP, 7/26/14)

2014        Jul 26, In Iraq several members of Daash (the Arabic acronym for the  Islamic State) were killed in a battle just north of Muqdadiyah.
    (AFP, 7/27/14)

2014        Jul 27, In Iraq Shiite militiamen in Baquba dragged four bodies of Islamic State jihadist fighters (Daash) through the streets and hung them from a bridge and a utility pole. Fighting between government forces and IS in the Ramadi region  killed 9 policemen in 17 hours of battle. Militants destroyed the Prophet Jirjis Mosque and Shrine in Mosul.
    (AFP, 7/27/14)(AFP, 7/28/14)(SFC, 7/28/14, p.A2)
2014        Jul 27, A tanker carrying crude oil from Iraqi Kurdistan was cleared by the US Coast Guard to unload its cargo at sea off Texas. Iraq's central government, in a court filing the next day, laid claim to the cargo that it says was sold by the regional government of Kurdistan without permission from Baghdad. In response a US judge signed an order telling the US Marshals Service to seize the cargo. On July 29 federal magistrate Nancy K. Johnson said that because the tanker was some 60 miles (100 km) offshore, and outside territorial waters, an order she issued to seize the cargo could not be enforced.
    (Reuters, 7/28/14)(Reuters, 7/29/14)

2014        Jul 28, An Iraqi government raid on jihadist targets in Jurf al-Sakhr, a flashpoint town southwest of Baghdad, killed 17 people, including at least 3 civilians. North of Baghdad 3 fighters from the Shiite militia Asaib Ahl al-Haq were killed and five wounded near Mansuriyah while defending the Hamrin dam from an IS attack. Attacks around Baghdad killed 10 people. 17 unidentified bodies with bullet wounds were found in different, mainly Shiite, districts of Baghdad over the last 24 hours.
    (AFP, 7/28/14)(AP, 7/28/14)

2014        Jul 29, The United States said it plans to sell 5,000 Hellfire missiles to Iraq in a $700 million deal, as Washington tries to help Baghdad retake ground captured by Sunni militants.
    (AFP, 7/29/14)

2014        Jul 30, Lebanese sources said Hezbollah commander Ibrahim al-Haj has been killed in a battle near Mosul, indicating the Lebanese group that is already fighting in Syria's civil war may be involved in a second conflict in the region.
    (Reuters, 7/30/14)

2014        Jul 31, In Iraq car bomb attacks in Baghdad left 21 dead.
    (Reuters, 7/31/14)

2014        Aug 1, In Iraq at least 17 soldiers were killed in a fierce battle against jihadists south of Baghdad. 23 jihadists from the Islamic State were also killed. Bombs in and around the capital left another 16 people dead. In northern Iraq Islamic State fighters killed 16 Kurdish troops in attacks on Zumar.
    (AFP, 8/1/14)(AFP, 8/2/14)

2014        Aug 2, In Iraq Islamic State militants fought Kurdish forces for the northern town of Zumar located near an oil field and the Syrian border amid conflicting reports of who was in control.
    (Reuters, 8/2/14)

2014        Aug 3, In Iraq Islamic State fighters seized control of Mosul Dam, the biggest dam in the country, an oilfield and three more towns after inflicting their first major defeat on Kurdish forces since sweeping through the region in June. some 40,000 Yazidis, a minority religious sect, fled the northern towns of Sinjar and Zumar.
    (Reuters, 8/3/14)(AP, 8/4/14)

2014        Aug 4, Baghdad's air force and Kurdish fighters from Syria joined forces with Iraq's embattled peshmerga to push back jihadists whose latest attacks sent thousands of civilians running for their lives.
    (AFP, 8/4/14)

2014        Aug 6, An Iraqi army airstrike targeting the Islamic State group in Mosul killed some 60 suspected militants. In northern Iraq Kurdish forces attacked Islamic State fighters near the Kurdish regional capital of Arbil in a change of tactics supported by the Iraqi central government to try to break the Islamists' momentum. A roadside bomb killed 3 Shi'ites who volunteered to fight the Islamic State on a road between the town of Samarra and Mosul. At least 5 car bombs killed 51 people in Shiite neighborhoods of Baghdad.
    (AP, 8/6/14)(Reuters, 8/6/14)(SFC, 8/7/14, p.A3)
2014        Aug 6, Kurds from Iraq, Syria and Turkey joined forces in north Iraq to try to reclaim areas lost to jihadists and rescue thousands of civilians, many of them from the Yazidi minority, stranded in mountains without food or water.
    (AFP, 8/6/14)

2014        Aug 7, Iraqi government forces, Shiite militiamen and Kurdish troops launched a large operation to free Amerli, a Turkmen town that has been besieged by jihadists for 50 days.
    (AFP, 8/7/14)
2014        Aug 7, Jihadists seized Qaraqosh, Iraq's largest Christian town and surrounding areas, sending tens of thousands of panicked residents fleeing in what was being called a humanitarian disaster. In Kirkuk a blast ripped through a Shiite mosque where displaced people had sought refuge, killing at least eight and wounding 47.
    (AFP, 8/7/14)
2014        Aug 7, Sunni militants from the Islamic State group seized the Mosul Dam, Iraq's largest dam, forcing Kurdish forces to withdraw from the area and placing them in control of enormous power and water resources and access to the river that runs through the heart of Baghdad.
    (AP, 8/7/14)
2014        Aug 7, Turkish officials said up to 800 people from Iraq's Yazidi community have fled across the border to Turkey after escaping a lightning offensive by jihadists from the Islamic State (IS) group.
    (AFP, 8/7/14)
2014        Aug 7, Pres. Obama said he has authorized targeted US airstrikes against Islamic State fighters in northern Iraq and military airdrops of humanitarian supplies to besieged religious minorities.
    (Reuters, 8/7/14)

2014        Aug 8,  An Iraqi official said hundreds of women from the Yazidi religious minority have been taken captive by Sunni militants. US jets pounded jihadist positions to pave the way for Iraq's federal and Kurdish forces and also dropped aid to stranded Yazidi civilians on Mount Sinjar.
    (AP, 8/8/14)(AFP, 8/9/14)

2014        Aug 9, In Iraq gunmen in Madaen killed a government-backed Sunni militiaman opposed to the Islamic State. His family was also killed. In Uwerij, on the southern outskirts of Baghdad, authorities found the bodies of 4 men who had been blindfolded and shot in the head execution-style. Islamic State insurgents who seized Iraq's biggest dam in an offensive have brought in engineers for repairs, as nervous Kurds stocked up on arms to defend Arbil.
    (Reuters, 8/9/14)

2014        Aug 10, Iraq's human rights minister said Islamic State militants have killed at least 500 members of the Yazidi ethnic minority during their offensive in the north. At least 20,000 had managed to flee the siege, with the help of Kurdish troops, and cross into northern Iraq's Kurdistan region via Syria, but thousands reportedly remained on Mount Sinjar.
    (Reuters, 8/10/14)(AFP, 8/10/14)
2014        Aug 10, Kurdish forces, reinvigorated by American airstrikes,  retook Gwer and Makhmur from Sunni militants, achieving one of their first victories after weeks of retreating.
    (AP, 8/10/14)(Econ, 8/16/14, p.19)

2014        Aug 11, Iraqi police said Islami State fighters have seized the town of Jalawla, 115 km (70 miles) northeast of Baghdad, after driving out the forces of the autonomous Kurdish regional government. PM Nuri al-Maliki battled to keep his job, deploying forces across Baghdad as Iraq's president asked Haider al-Abadi, the Shi'ite coalition's nominee for prime minister, to form a government.
    (Reuters, 8/11/14)
2014        Aug 11, The United States said it has begun urgently shipping weapons to the Iraqi Kurdish forces battling an advance by extremist Islamic State militants.
    (AFP, 8/11/14)

2014        Aug 12, Iraq's incumbent PM Haider al-Abadi ordered the security forces not intervene in the current political crisis over who will be the next prime minister, amid fears that he might go to any lengths to stay in power.
    (AP, 8/12/14)
2014        Aug 12, Another 130 US troops arrived in Iraq on what the Pentagon described as a temporary mission to assess the scope of the humanitarian crisis facing thousands of displaced Iraqi civilians trapped on Sinjar Mountain and evaluate options for getting them out to safety.
    (AP, 8/13/14)
2014        Aug 12, Britain said it will send Chinook helicopters to help refugees trapped in northern Iraq, particularly on Mount Sinjar.
    (Reuters, 8/12/14)
2014        Aug 12, UN rights monitors called for the global community to take urgent action to avoid a potential genocide against the Yazidi community in Iraq. 20,000-30,000 Yazidi people were reported trapped on Mount Sinjar. An Iraqi helicopter crashed while delivering aid to the displaced Yazidis.
    (AFP, 8/12/14)(AP, 8/12/14)
2014        Aug 12, The Vatican called on Muslim religious leaders to condemn "unspeakable criminal acts" by Islamic State militants who have taken a series of cities in northern Iraq.
    (AP, 8/12/14)

2014        Aug 13, In Iraq suicide bomber attacks a checkpoint near the home of the new Prime Minister in Baghdad, causing severe damage. PM Maliki continued to defy international pressure to step aside, declaring that it would take a federal court ruling for him to quit.
    (Reuters, 8/13/14)(AFP, 8/13/14)
2014        Aug 13, In Iraq thousands more Yazidis poured across a bridge into camps in the autonomous Kurdish region after trekking from Mount Sinjar, most with nothing but the clothes they wore. A US assessment team found the humanitarian situation for the Yazidis on Mount Sinjar not as grave as expected. Roughly 4,500 people remained atop Sinjar Mountain. Nearly half were herders who lived there before the siege and have no interest in being evacuated.
    (AP, 8/13/14)(Reuters, 8/14/14)(AP, 8/14/14)
2014        Aug 13, France said it would start supplying arms to the Kurdish forces fighting Sunni extremists from the Islamic State group.
    (AP, 8/13/14)

2014        Aug 14, In Iraq Nuri al-Maliki finally stepped down as prime minister under heavy pressure from allies at home and abroad late today. US jets and drones launched more air strikes in northern Iraq to destroy vehicles operated by extremist fighters from the so-called Islamic State.
    (Reuters, 8/15/14)(AFP, 8/15/14)

2014        Aug 15, Iraqi tribal leaders and clerics from the Sunni heartland said they would be willing under certain conditions to join a new government that hopes to contain sectarian bloodshed and an offensive by Islamic State militants that threatens Baghdad. 25 Sunni tribes in Anbar province, including some that had previously been on the fence, announced that they were launching a coordinated effort to oust IS fighters. Militants entered the northern Yazidi village of Kocho and killed about 80 people. They took the women and children of Kocho to the nearby city of Tal Afar.
    (Reuters, 8/15/14)(AFP, 8/16/14)(AP, 8/16/14)
2014        Aug 15, The EU sought to forge a unified response to the rapid advance of Islamic militants in Iraq and the resulting refugee crisis, with several nations pledging more humanitarian aid and raising the possibility of directly arming Kurdish fighters battling Sunni insurgents.
    (AP, 8/15/14)
2014        Aug 15, The UN Security Council unanimously adopted a resolution intended to weaken the Islamic State - an al Qaeda splinter group that has seized swaths of territory in Iraq and Syria and declared a caliphate - and al Qaeda's Syrian wing, Nusra Front. Saudi Arabia and Kuwait the next day agreed to comply with the resolution after four of their nationals were named among a group blacklisted by the international body.
    (Reuters, 8/17/14)

2014        Aug 16, In Iraq airstrikes pounded the area around the Mosul Dam in an effort to drive out militants who captured it earlier this month. Germany's Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier announced in Baghdad that his government would provide more than 24 million euros ($32.2 million) in humanitarian aid to Iraq.
    (AP, 8/16/14)

2014        Aug 17, In Iraq Kurdish fighters advanced towards the militant-held city of Mosul, aiming to reverse gains by Islamic State insurgents. Kurdish forces took over parts of Mosul Dam less than two weeks after it was captured by the Islamic State extremist group.
    (Reuters, 8/17/14)(AP, 8/17/14)

2014        Aug 18, Iraqi Kurdish forces said they had recaptured the country's biggest dam from Islamic State militants, although an employee at the site said jihadist fighters still controlled key points on the vulnerable structure.
    (Reuters, 8/18/14)
2014        Aug 18, The UN said it is undertaking a massive polio vaccination program in Iraq following two cases discovered earlier this year in Baghdad.
    (SFC, 8/19/14, p.A2)

2014        Aug 19, Iraqi forces launched an offensive to drive Islamic State fighters out of Tikrit, home town of executed dictator Saddam Hussein.
    (Reuters, 8/19/14)
2014        Aug 19, Islamic State militants posted a video that showed the beheading of American journalist James Foley in revenge for US air strikes against the insurgents in Iraq. Foley (40) was kidnapped by armed men on Nov. 22, 2012, in northern Syria while on his way to the Turkish border. Prior to the execution militants had sent an e-mail demanding $132.5 million in exchange for Foley. Steven Sotloff, who appeared at the end of the video, went missing in northern Syria while reporting in July 2013.
    (Reuters, 8/20/14)(SFC, 8/21/14, p.A3)

2014        Aug 20, In Iraq scattered attacks killed at least 11 people in and near Baghdad. Shiite Turkmens of Amrili, besieged by Sunni militants, appealed to Iraq's military and the international community to intervene to end the siege. The UN refugee agency launched a massive air, road and sea 10-day operation to help the displaced, including a four-day airlift with Boeing 747 planes that will bring in aid from Aqaba, Jordan, to Iraq's northern Kurdish region.
    (AP, 8/20/14)
2014        Aug 20, The United States launched a new barrage of airstrikes against the Islamic State extremist group that beheaded American journalist James Foley and that has seized a swath of territory across Iraq and Syria.
    (AP, 8/20/14)

2014        Aug 21, In Iraq the Islamic State stoned a man to death in Mosul.
    (AP, 8/22/14)

2014        Aug 22, Iraqi Shi'ite militiamen opened fire on minority Sunni Muslims in a village mosque, killing dozens. Over 70 people were killed in the sectarian attack. This attack led two major Sunni parliamentary blocs to pull out of talks on forming a new government.
    (Reuters, 8/22/14)(AP, 8/23/14)(SFC, 8/23/14, p.A3)

2014        Aug 23, In Iraq a suicide bomber hit an Interior Ministry building in central Baghdad, killing at least 11 people. Explosions rocked the northern city of Kirkuk, killing at least 42 people and injuring dozens.
    (AP, 8/23/14)(SSFC, 8/24/14, p.A7)

2014        Aug 24, The United States used aircraft and drones to strike targets in northern Iraq to try to rein in Islamic State militants.
    (AFP, 8/24/14)

2014        Aug 25, Iraq's PM-designate Haider al-Abadi called on the country's numerous Shiite militias and tribes to come under government control and stop acting independently, as violence across the country killed 58 people in areas where the Muslim sect dominates. Iraqi Foreign Minister Hoshyar Zebari urged greater support from the international community for its fight against jihadists.
    (AP, 8/25/14)(AFP, 8/25/14)(AP, 8/26/14)

2014        Aug 26, In Iraq a car bomb exploded in a busy Shiite area in eastern Baghdad, killing at least 11 people.
    (AP, 8/26/14)

2014        Aug 28, In northern Iraq retreating jihadists set three wells ablaze at the Ain Zalah oil field as they battled Kurdish forces who launched a major attack nearby. Iraqi security forces backed by volunteer militiamen retook several villages located on the way to the town of Amerli.
    (AFP, 8/28/14)

2014        Aug 29, The jihadist Islamic State group posted video of the execution of a captured Kurdish fighter, in a warning to Iraqi Kurdish leaders to end military cooperation with Washington.
    (AFP, 8/29/14)

2014        Aug 30, Iraqi security forces, Shiite militiamen and Kurdish fighters launched a major operation to break the more than two-month jihadist siege of Amerli, a Shiite Turkmen-majority town. The US military launched fresh attacks on Islamic State forces in Iraq, using fighter aircraft and drones to carry out strikes near the Mosul dam.
    (AFP, 8/30/14)
2014        Aug 30, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said several dozen Yazidi women, kidnapped by Islamic State jihadists in Iraq, have been taken to Syria, forced to convert and sold into marriage to militants.
    (AFP, 8/30/14)

2014        Aug 31, Iraqi forces broke through to the jihadist-besieged Shiite town of Amerli, where thousands of people have been trapped for more than two months with dwindling food and water supplies. The US announced that it carried out three air strikes in the Amerli area, expanding its air campaign outside the far north for the first time, while Australian, British, French and US aircraft dropped relief supplies for the town. Two suicide bombers detonated explosives-rigged vehicles near positions of security forces in the city of Ramadi, killing 13 people and wounding 17. Iraqi troops and militia looted and burned homes and destroyed villages after breaking the Islamic State group's months-long siege of Amerli.
    (AFP, 8/31/14)(AFP, 3/18/15)
2014        Aug 31, PM Tony Abbott said Australia will drop military equipment and aid to Kurdish forces fighting Islamic State militants in northern Iraq in response to a request from the United States.
    (Reuters, 8/31/14)

2014        Sep 1, In Iraq a suicide bomber crashed an explosives-laden Humvee into a construction site, killing 37 people in Anbar province. A government airstrike hit the town of al-Alam near Tikrit, killing 31 civilians including 24 children.
    (Reuters, 9/1/14)(SFC, 9/15/14, p.A2)

2014        Sep 2, In Iraq angry relatives of soldiers missing in the Islamic State June assault on Mosul stormed the parliament building in Baghdad, attacked MPs and began a sit-in in its main chamber.
    (AFP, 9/2/14)
2014        Sep 2, The Islamic State released a video showing the beheading of US journalist Steven Sotloff in retaliation for US air strikes in Iraq.
    (Reuters, 9/3/14)

2014        Sep 3, Pres. Obama said the United States plans to fight Islamic State until it is no longer a force in the Middle East and will seek justice for the killing of American journalist Steven Sotloff.
    (Reuters, 9/3/14)

2014        Sep 4, In Iraq jihadists kidnapped some 50 residents of the northern village of Tal Ali in Kirkuk province after villagers burned one of their positions along with a jihadist flag. Air strikes in Ninevah province killed Abu Hajr al-Suri, the top aide of jihadist Islamic State (IS) chief Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi. Two car bombs exploded in Shiite-majority areas of Baghdad, killing at least 23 people.
    (AFP, 9/4/14)(AP, 9/4/14)
2014        Sep 4, Bangladesh said it has resumed sending workers to Iraq after a 3-month ban, despite reports of hundreds of Bangladeshi construction laborers being dragged into the country's bloody sectarian conflict.
    (AFP, 9/4/14)

2014        Sep 5, In Iraq a series of attacks across the country killed 17 people, including 4 Shiite militiamen and Sunni tribal chief Maiser al-Waqaa. A mass grave in the northern Suleiman Beg area was found to contain the bodies of 15 Shiite truck drivers killed by Sunni militants.
    (AP, 9/5/14)
2014        Sep 5, PM Stephen Harper said Canada will send 50 to 100 military advisers to Iraq to bolster an effort against Islamic militants.
    (SFC, 9/6/14, p.A2)

2014        Sep 7, The US expanded its month-long air campaign to Iraq's Sunni Arab heartland, hitting Islamic State fighters west of Baghdad as troops and allied tribesmen launched a ground assault.
    (AFP, 9/7/14)

2014        Sep 8, Iraq’s parliament officially named Haider al-Abadi as the new prime minister. An Islamic State suicide bomber killed 16 people at a meeting of Sunni tribal fighters and security troops in Duluiyah. Iraqi security forces retook the Anbar provincial town of Barwana following US airstrikes. The Arab League agreed to take urgent measures to combat extremists like the Islamic State group.
    (AP, 9/8/14)(SFC, 9/9/14, p.A2)

2014        Sep 10, In Iraq bomb attacks killed 19 people in Baghdad as US Secretary of State John Kerry visited the capital for talks on combatting jihadists. Shi'ite militia north of Baghdad forced dozens of Sunni families from their homes during an offensive, stole possessions and burned their houses.
    (AFP, 9/10/14)(Reuters, 9/10/14)

2014        Sep 11, In Iraq car bombs in three Shiite cities sought of Baghdad killed 17 people.
    (SFC, 9/12/14, p.A2)

2014        Sep 13, Islamic State militants publicly executed 8 Sunni men in a small northern Iraqi village over the last 24 hours for allegedly plotting against the group.
    (Reuters, 9/14/14)
2014        Sep 13, The Islamic State released a video showing the beheading of British subject David Haines and threatening the life of another British hostage.
    (AFP, 9/14/14)

2014        Sep 15, In Iraq the United States bombed militants near Baghdad in support of government forces, striking close to the capital for the first time in its expanded campaign against Islamic State jihadists. Attack and fighter aircraft to conduct two air strikes Sunday and Monday in support of Iraqi security forces near Sinjar and southwest of Baghdad.
    (AFP, 9/16/14)
2014        Sep 15, In France world powers backed military measures to help defeat Islamic State fighters in Iraq, boosting Washington's efforts to set up a coalition, but made no mention of the tougher diplomatic challenge next door in Syria. Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius said French aircraft would begin reconnaissance flights over Iraq. Iran ruled out working with any international coalition and rejected American requests for cooperation against the militants.
    (Reuters, 9/15/14)(AP, 9/15/14)

2014        Sep 16, Iraqi lawmakers rejected PM Haider al-Abadi’s nominees to lead the defense and interior ministries.
    (SFC, 9/17/14, p.A2)

2014        Sep 18, In Iraq a series of attacks, including several bombings in commercial areas of Baghdad, killed at least 36 people.
    (AP, 9/18/14)(AP, 9/19/14)
2014        Sep 18, French President Francois Hollande said he's agreed to Iraq's request for air support against Islamic State fighters who've captured swathes of the country. Hollande ruled out carrying out any military action against Islamic State militants in Syria.
    (AP, 9/18/14)(Reuters, 9/18/14)

2014        Sep 19, In Iraq a series of car bombings targeting a Shiite mosque and markets in Baghdad killed at least 20 people.
    (AP, 9/19/14)
2014        Sep 19, France said it has joined American forces in military action in Iraq by conducting its first airstrikes against the militant Islamic State group, destroying a logistics depot that it controlled.
    (AP, 9/19/14)

2014        Sep 20, In Iraq thousands of supporters of Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr held a rally in Baghdad to protest against the United States' military campaign in Iraq against the Islamic State extremist group.
    (AP, 9/20/14)

2014        Sep 21, Iraqi government forces, backed by US air support, launched an operation to rescue an army battalion which has come under repeated attack by militants near the western city of Fallujah. Bomb and mortar fire attacks killed 10 people in Shiite areas in and around Baghdad. Islamic State fighters disguised in Iraqi army uniforms and driving stolen Humvees attacked an Iraqi army camp in Sijir (Sichar), western Anbar province, killing 40 troops and capturing 68.
    (AFP, 9/21/14)(AP, 9/21/14)(SFC, 9/23/14, p.A3)

2014        Sep 22, In Iraq Militants with the Islamic State group publicly killed Samira Salih al-Nuaim, a rights lawyer in Mosul, after their self-styled Islamic court ruled that she had abandoned Islam.
    (AP, 9/25/14)

2014        Sep 23, In Iraq the Islamic State group paraded Iraqi troops captured in battle earlier this week in Sijir. Militants in Siderat broke into the house of a female candidate in the last provincial council elections, killed her and abducted her husband.
    (AP, 9/23/14)(AP, 9/25/14)

2014        Sep 24, In Iraq jihadists controlling the city of Tikrit blew up a Muslim shrine and rigged the Green Church, one of the region's oldest churches, with explosives. Sunni militants killed 19 Shiite militiamen in an ambush in Babilan village, north of Baghdad.
    (AFP, 9/25/14)(SFC, 9/25/14, p.A2)

2014        Sep 25, Germany began arms deliveries to the semi-autonomous Kurdish region, with the ultimate goal of supplying 10,000 Kurdish fighters with some 70 million euros ($90 million) worth of equipment.
    (AP, 9/25/14)

2014        Sep 26, Danish PM Helle Thorning-Schmidt said her government would send four operational planes and three reserve jets along with 250 pilots and support staff in the fight against the Islamic State group in Iraq. The deployment will last for 12 months.
    (AP, 9/26/14)
2014        Sep 26, The head of Interpol, based in Lyon, France, said an international database of foreign would-be jihadis joining extremists in Iraq and Syria that started 18 months ago with little fanfare, and just three countries participating, has expanded to include 33 countries and 1,300 names.
    (AP, 9/26/14)

2014        Sep 30, In Iraq a wave of bombings targeted commercial areas killing at least 19 people and wounded dozens.
    (AP, 9/30/14)

2014        Sep, In Iraq Islamic State militants reportedly used chlorine gas  during clashes late this month in Duluiya and Balad.
    (SFC, 10/25/14, p.A2)

2014        Oct 1, In Iraq an overnight jihadist attack on the Jubur tribe in the Sunni Arab town of Dhuluiyah left at least 7 dead on either side. The tribe has held out for weeks against Islamic State militants.
    (AP, 10/1/14)
2014        Oct 1, The UN said that at least 1,119 Iraqis died in violence in September but that the real figure was likely much higher since the reported death toll did not include killings in areas controlled by the Islamic State group.
    (AP, 10/1/14)

2014        Oct 2, In Iraq the Islamic State group launched attacks on bases in the western towns of Heet (Hit) and Ramadi that left at least 17 members of the security forces and 40 jihadists dead in Anbar province.
    (AFP, 10/2/14)(Reuters, 10/2/14)
2014        Oct 2, Australia authorized the deployment of special forces to advise and assist Iraqi forces alongside British, Canadian and US advisers already on the ground.
    (AFP, 10/3/14)

2014        Oct 4, In Iraq the Islamic State seized the town of Kubaisa two days after the fall of the nearby town of Hit as the group sought to consolidate control in towns west of Anbar’s capital Ramadi. Two bombs exploded just north of Baghdad in the towns of Tarmiyah and Husseiniyah, killing 7 and wounding 18 others. In Diyala province an officer and 7 soldiers were killed in two ambushes in the nearby districts of Mansuriya and Muqdadiya. Coalition airstrikes targeted Fallujah, Sinjar and Hit.
    (Reuters, 10/4/14)(AP, 10/5/14)

2014        Oct 5, In Iraq militants from the Islamic State group publicly killed six Iraqi soldiers in Hit, captured in Anbar province, where the extremists continue to advance despite an expanding US-led campaign of airstrikes.
    (AP, 10/5/14)

2014        Oct 6, In Iraq a suicide bomber rammed an explosives-laden armored vehicle into houses used by Shiite militiamen north of Samarra, killing at least 17 people.
    (AFP, 10/7/14)

2014        Oct 7, Canada's Parliament voted to authorize airstrikes against the Islamic State militant group in Iraq following a US request.
    (AP, 10/7/14)

2014        Oct 8, In Iraq militants with Islamic State group shot down an Iraqi military attack helicopter, killing the 2 pilots on board in the second such incident in a week. A car bomb blast on a busy street of Baghdad's largest Shiite neighborhood killed at least 12 people.
    (AP, 10/8/14)(AFP, 10/9/14)

2014        Oct 10, In Iraq Islamic State group fighters executed 9 people in two northern towns on suspicion of ties to anti-jihadist Sunni organizations. Raad al-Azzawi, a cameraman for Iraq's Salahuddin Television, was killed by militants in the city of Tikrit.
    (AFP, 10/10/14)(AP, 10/11/14)

2014        Oct 11, In Iraq a series of car bomb attacks killed at least 45 people in Shiite-majority areas of Baghdad. 4 Iraqi soldiers died in a friendly-fire incident in the town of Udaim. The US military launched airstrikes north and west of Baghdad, hitting a small Islamic State fighting unit and destroying armed vehicles. Britain participated in the airstrikes.
    (Reuters, 10/11/14)(AP, 10/12/14)

2014        Oct 12, In Iraq a triple suicide bombing killed 26 Kurdish security forces in Diyala province. A roadside bomb killed the police chief of the western Anbar province.
    (AP, 10/12/14)

2014        Oct 14, In Iraq a suicide car bomb killed at least 18 people and wounded 51 others at a checkpoint entrance to the Shi'ite neighborhood of Kadhimiya in Baghdad. Another roadside bomb blew up on a busy street in al-Qahira district of northern Baghdad, killing three passersby.
    (Reuters, 10/14/14)

2014        Oct 15, Iraqi security personnel and tribesmen beat back an hours-long jihadist attack on Ramadi, while reinforcements reached the strategic town of Amriyat al-Fallujah threatened by militants.
    (AFP, 10/15/14)
2014        Oct 15, The US Pentagon named it fight against Islamic State militants in Iraq and Syria as Operation Inherent Resolve.
    (SFC, 10/16/14, p.A3)

2014        Oct 16, In Iraq car bomb attacks and a mortar strike mainly targeting Shi'ite areas of northern Baghdad killed at least 50 people and wounded dozens.
    (Reuters, 10/16/14)(SFC, 10/17/14, p.A2)

2014        Oct 17, The Iraqi government imposed a curfew in the western city of Ramadi over fears that the Islamic State group might try to advance on the strategically important city. Car bombs exploded in three crowded areas of Baghdad, killing at least 23 people.
    (AP, 10/17/14)(AFP, 10/17/14)
2014        Oct 17, It was reported that Iraqi pilots who have joined Islamic State in Syria are training members of the group to fly in three fighter jets captured from the Syrian military.
    (Reuters, 10/17/14)

2014        Oct 18, The Iraqi parliament approved a Sunni Muslim to become defense minister and a Shi'ite to be interior minister, as part of a more inclusive government to help tackle Islamist insurgents. Six Kurdish members of the cabinet were also sworn in.
    (Reuters, 10/18/14)

2014        Oct 19, Australia's foreign minister said she had reached a deal with Baghdad for the deployment of about 200 special forces to assist Iraqi troops in their fight against jihadists.
    (AFP, 10/19/14)

2014        Oct 20, In Iraq militants unleashed a wave of deadly attacks on the country's majority Shiite community, killing at least 43 people in Baghdad and Karbala. The Islamic State jihadist group attacked the Kurdish-controlled town of Qara Tapah, northeast of Baghdad, killing at least 7 peshmerga troops and 3 civilians. Some 300 Islamic State militants with armored vehicles attacked and seized villages near Mount Sinjar and then turned their attention on the mountain itself.
    (AP, 10/20/14)(AFP, 10/20/14)(AFP, 10/23/14)

2014        Oct 21, In Iraq a series of bombs targeting restaurants across Baghdad killed at least 21 people.
    (Reuters, 10/21/14)

2014        Oct 22, In Iraq coalition air strikes killed around 25 Islamic State fighters near the northern city of Baiji. Iraqi army tanks and armored vehicles also fought off an advance by Islamic State militants on the town of Amiriya Fallujah. At least 28 people were killed when car bombs went off near a maternity hospital and a service station in areas of Baghdad where Shiites have frequently been targeted.
    (Reuters, 10/22/14)(AFP, 10/23/14)
2014        Oct 22, In Iraq Al-Sheikh Khayri, a Yazidi commander on Mount Sinjar, was killed by Islamic State group jihadists.
    (AFP, 10/23/14)

2014        Oct 23, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said that 200 Iraqi Kurd peshmerga fighters would travel through Turkey to join the battle in Kobane, where about 1,000 IS militants are believed to be fighting. US-led air strikes in Syria were reported to have killed more than 521 jihadists and 32 civilians over the last month.
    (AFP, 10/23/14)(Reuters, 10/23/14)

2014        Oct 25, In Iraq a suicide bombing killed 8 Shiite militiamen in Taji, just north of Baghdad. 17 people were wounded. The US and its allies conducted 22 air strikes against Islamic State forces with attacks in the frequently targeted areas near the vital Mosul dam, the city of Fallujah and the northern city of Bayji, home of an oil refinery. Kurdish forces retook the northern Iraqi town of Zumar and several nearby villages.
    (AP, 10/25/14)(Reuters, 10/25/14)

2014        Oct 26, Iraqi government forces retook four villages near a mountain ridge overlooking Islamic State supply lines. A suicide bomber in a truck packed with explosives killed three soldiers at an Iraqi army gathering on a highway west of Tikrit. Government forces and Shi'ite militias re-captured Jurf al-Sakha. The bodies of more than 50 Islamic State fighters were scattered across Jurf al-Sakhar, on streets, in trenches, near houses and on the beds of pickup trucks, many of them charred.
    (Reuters, 10/26/14)(Reuters, 10/27/14)

2014        Oct 27, In Iraq a suicide bomber killed at least 27 Shi'ite militiamen on the outskirts of Jurf al-Sakhar after security forces pushed Islamic State militants out of the area over the weekend. Islamic State militants attacked soldiers, policemen and Shi'ite militiamen in the town of al-Mansuriyah, northeast of Baghdad killing 6 members of the Iraqi security forces.
    (Reuters, 10/27/14)

2014        Oct 28, Iraqi peshmerga fighters left Iraq for the besieged Syrian town of Kobani to help fellow Kurds in their battle against Islamic State militants. US forces staged four air strikes on Islamic State militants in Syria and allies joined in nine strikes on the group in Iraq.
    (Reuters, 10/28/14)

2014        Oct 29, Iraqi peshmerga fighters arrived in southeastern Turkey en route for the Syrian town of Kobani to try to help fellow Kurds break an Islamic State siege. The US military conducted 14 air strikes over the last 2 days against the IS in Syria and Iraq. Eight of the strikes were near Kobani.
    (Reuters, 10/29/14)
2014        Oct 29, In Iraq Jihadists from the Islamic State group reportedly executed 46-70 members of the Albu Nimr tribe, who had fought against them in Anbar province. Islamic State militants took some 150 men from their villages to the city of Ramadi and killed them and buried them.
    (AFP, 10/29/14)(Reuters, 10/30/14)

2014        Oct 30, Iraqi authorities found the bodies of 48 Sunni tribesmen killed by the Islamic State group outside the town of Hit, Anbar province.
    (AP, 10/30/14)
2014        Oct 30, A first group of Iraqi Kurdish peshmerga fighters entered the besieged Syrian town of Kobani to help push back Islamic State militants who have defied US air strikes.
    (Reuters, 10/30/14)

2014        Oct 31, In Iraq a series of bomb attacks struck marketplaces near Baghdad, killing at least 19 people. Security forces recaptured parts of Beiji, a Sunni oil town north of Baghdad, from Islamic State militants.
    (AP, 10/31/14)(SFC, 11/3/14, p.A5)
2014        Oct 31, Iraq’s Islamic State group extremists lined up and shot dead at least 50 Al Bu Nimr tribesmen and women in Ras al-Maa village, Anbar province.  35 corpses were found on the outskirts of Ramadi.
    (AP, 11/1/14)(Reuters, 11/1/14)

2014        Nov 2, Iraq's Human Rights Ministry said the number of Al Bu Nimr tribe people killed by Islamic State is 322. A car bomb in central Baghdad killed at least 8 Shi'ite pilgrims.
    (Reuters, 11/2/14)(AP, 11/3/14)(SFC, 11/3/14, p.A5)
2014        Nov 2, In Syria US military forces staged seven air strikes on Islamic State targets over the last 24 hours and were joined by allies in two more attacks in Iraq.
    (Reuters, 11/2/14)

2014        Nov 3, In Iraq Islamic State militants executed at 29 men, 4 women and 3 children of the Al Bu Nimr tribe in Ras al-Maa, Anbar province.
    (SFC, 11/4/14, p.A2)
2014        Nov 3, The United States targeted Islamic State militants with five air strikes in Syria and nine in Iraq over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 11/3/14)

2014        Nov 4, In Iraq hundreds of thousands commemorated the slaying of Prophet Mohammad's grandson Hussein at the battle of Kerbala in AD 680, an event that defines the Shi'ite rift with Sunni Islam. During the ritual in Kerbala Shi'ites beat their heads and chests and gash their heads with swords to show their grief and echo the imam's suffering.
    (Reuters, 11/4/14)

2014        Nov 5, In Iraq a series of attacks, mainly against troops, killed 11 people in Baghdad and in the country's west.
    (AP, 11/6/14)

2014        Nov 7, Iraq said army forces have retaken control of most of the strategic northern town of Baiji from the Islamic State jihadist group. A suicide bomber rammed a truck packed with explosives into a Humvee transporting senior police commander General Faisal Malik, one of the supervisors of the campaign against Islamic State militants surrounding the refinery near Baiji. The general and two policemen were killed.
    (AFP, 11/7/14)(Reuters, 11/9/14)
2014        Nov 7, Pres. Barack Obama unveiled plans to send 1,500 additional troops to Iraq to help Baghdad government forces strike back at Islamic State jihadists, roughly doubling the number of US soldiers in the country.
    (AFP, 11/7/14)

2014        Nov 8, In Iraq car bombs killed 20 people, including 5 soldiers, in Baghdad in attacks that resembled operations carried out by Islamic State militants. An air strike destroyed 10 Islamic State (IS) vehicles after what was believed to have been a gathering of its leaders. Iraqi sources said the strike was near Qaim, US sources said it was near Mosul.
    (Reuters, 11/8/14)(Reuters, 11/9/14)(SSFC, 11/9/14, p.A3)

2014        Nov 9, Iraqi military forces reached the center of the northern city of Baiji to try to break an Islamic State siege of the country's biggest refinery nearby, triggering fierce clashes with the militants.
    (Reuters, 11/9/14)

2014        Nov 10, US Central Command said it launched 23 air strikes in Syria over the weekend including 13 aimed near the key border down of Kobani and 10 hit near Dayr Az Zawr. Another 18 air strikes were launched against the Islamic State in Iraq.
    (Reuters, 11/10/14)

2014        Nov 12, Iraqi PM Haider al-Abadi shook up the country's military, relieving 26 army officers from their command, retiring 10 others and appointing 18 new commanders. Three bombings in and around Baghdad killed at least 17 people and wounded nearly 40.
    (AP, 11/12/14)

2014        Nov 14, Iraqi forces recaptured the strategic oil town of Baiji in a significant victory over the Islamic State group.
    (AFP, 11/14/14)

2014        Nov 16, In Iraq a series of explosions in Baghdad killed at least 5 people. A bombing claimed by the Islamic State militant group near the Baghdad International Airport left 5 wounded.
    (AP, 11/16/14)

2014        Nov 17, In Iraq a pair of car bombs targeted busy commercial areas in Baghdad, killing at least 14 people and wounding 31.
    (AP, 11/17/14)
2014        Nov 17, US Central Command said US military forces conducted 11 air strikes against Islamic militants in Syria and 20 in Iraq since Nov 14.
    (Reuters, 11/17/14)

2014        Nov 19, In northern Iraq French Rafale jets struck Islamic State targets alongside coalition planes near Kirkuk to help breach the group's frontlines. France said it was sending six fighter jets to Jordan to ramp up its strikes.
    (Reuters, 11/19/14)
2014        Nov 19, Iraqi Kurdish forces launched a new offensive targeting Islamic State group extremists as a suicide bomber killed at least five people in Irbil, the Kurds' regional capital.
    (AP, 11/19/14)
2014        Nov 19, In Iraq Radwan Taleb al-Hamdouni, described as the Islamic State leader in Mosul, was killed with his driver when their car was hit by an air strike in a western district of the city.
    (Reuters, 11/20/14)

2014        Nov 20, Iraq PM Haider al-Abadi said that Iraq and Turkey have agred on closer security and intelligence cooperation in the face of threats posed by the Islamic State group.
    (SFC, 11/21/14, p.A4)

2014        Nov 21, In Iraq Islamic State fighters attacked a government complex in the heart of Ramadi, the provincial capital of Anbar province.
    (Reuters, 11/21/14)

2014        Nov 22, Iraqi soldiers backed by Sunni fighters launched a major operation to retake a section of the city of Ramadi seized by Islamic State group militants. Security forces found 25 corpses of men from the Albu Fahd tribe in the Shujariya area of Ramadi.
    (AP, 11/22/14)(Reuters, 11/22/14)

2014        Nov 23, Iraqi forces said they have retaken Jalawla and Saadiya, two towns in Diyala province, from Islamic State fighters. At least 23 peshmerga and militia fighters were killed and dozens were wounded. A car bomb in the Shi'ite town of Yousufiya killed at least people. Two other bombs in towns near Baghdad killed 4 other people.
    (Reuters, 11/23/14)

2014        Nov 24, In Iraq a car bomb near a crowded Baghdad marketplace killed 9 people and wounded 20. US Central Command said coalition aircraft have carried out 15 airstrikes in Iraq and nine in Syria over the past four days targeting the Islamic State group.
    (AP, 11/24/14)

2014        Nov 25, In Iraq Islamic State insurgents battled Iraqi forces in the center of Baiji, a week after the army broke their prolonged siege of the country's largest oil refinery just outside the town.
    (Reuters, 11/25/14)

2014        Nov 26, In Iraq a bomb blast near an outdoor market in southern Baghdad killed three people and wounded seven others. A car bomb exploded at a commercial street in the Shiite neighborhood of Sadr city, killing 7 people and wounding 15 others.
    (AP, 11/26/14)
2014        Nov 26, US Central Command said the US led 17 air strikes on Islamic State targets in Iraq and Syria since Nov 24 as part of Operation Inherent Resolve.
    (Reuters, 11/26/14)

2014        Nov 27, In Iraq militants from the Islamic State group blocked all mobile phone networks in Mosul, accusing informants in the city of tipping off coalition forces to their whereabouts.
    (AP, 11/27/14)

2014        Nov 28, In Iraq bombings and a shooting killed 9 people around the capital, Baghdad. US Central Command said the US military and its allies have hit Islamic State forces with 15 air strikes in Iraq and Syria during a three-day period.
    (AP, 11/28/14)(Reuters, 11/27/14)

2014        Nov 29, In Iraq 17 people of the Albu Hishma tribe were mistakenly killed in air strikes targeting areas controlled by Islamic State militants.
    (Reuters, 11/29/14)

2014        Nov 30, In Iraq two separate bombings killed 7 people in Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/30/14)

2014        Dec 1, Iraqi PM Haider al-Abadi dismissed 24 senior Initerior Ministry officials in an effort to reform and rebuiild security institutions in the country. Islamic State fighters killed 16 Iraqi soldiers in an attack on the al-Waleed border crossing with Syria.
    (Reuters, 12/1/14)(SFC, 12/2/14, p.A3)

2014        Dec 2, Iraqi ministers agreed to take a 50 percent pay cut while the country grapples with a financial crisis brought about by falling oil prices and a war with Islamic State militants.
    (Reuters, 12/2/14)
2014        Dec 2, The Iraqi government reached a deal with the Kurdish local authorities in the country's north to exchange oil from the autonomous region for a nearly 20 percent share of the national budget.
    (AP, 12/2/14)

2014        Dec 3, US officials said they have indications that Iran has carried out air strikes on Islamic State targets in Iraq 10 days earlier.
    (Reuters, 12/3/14)

2014        Dec 4, In Iraq a string of car bombs killed at least 37 people in Baghdad and Kirkuk.
    (AP, 12/4/14)(SFC, 12/5/14, p.A2)
2014        Dec 4, Stuart Jones, America's new Ambassador to Iraq, said the US government has come to an agreement with Baghdad on "privileges and immunities" for US troops based in the country.
    (AP, 12/4/14)

2014        Dec 9, In Iraq a bomb blast and mortar fire targeting Shiites killed 7 people in Baghdad as US Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel visited the capital for a first-hand report on the battle against IS militants.
    (AP, 12/9/14)

2014        Dec 10, In Iraq a suicide car bomb killed 9 Shiite militiamen in an attack near the Iraqi city of Tikrit. A series of attacks in and near Baghdad, including one involving a suicide bomber driving a tanker truck, killed at least 15 people.
    (AFP, 12/10/14)(AP, 12/10/14)
2014        Dec 10, US military officials said the United States and partner nations have launched 20 airstrikes against Islamic State militants in recent days with seven strikes in Syria and led 13 strikes in Iraq.
    (Reuters, 12/10/14)

2014        Dec 11, Iraq's powerful Shi'ite cleric Moqtada al-Sadr put his militia on alert to battle Islamic State militants for the city of Samarra. An Islamic State suicide bomber blew up a Humvee west of the Anbar provincial capital Ramadi, destroying a bridge and killing two soldiers.
    (Reuters, 12/11/14)

2014        Dec 12, In Iraq one person was killed by rocket fire in Kerbala where huge crowds of Shi'ite pilgrims have gathered for religious ceremonies. Mortar fire targeting a Shiite mosque killed 8 worshippers in Muqdadiyah.
    (Reuters, 12/12/14)(AP, 12/12/14)
2014        Dec 12, Islamic State group militants shot down an Iraqi military helicopter, killing the two pilots onboard and raising fresh concerns about the extremists' ability to attack aircraft amid ongoing US-led coalition airstrikes.
    (AP, 12/13/14)
2014        Dec 12, The US and its allies carried out 7 airstrikes on Islamic State targets in Syria and 20 in Iraq in the past three days.
    (Reuters, 12/12/14)

2014        Dec 13, In Iraq millions of Shiite Muslim pilgrims defied the threat of jihadist attacks and thronged the shrine city of Karbala or the climax of annual Arbaeen mourning rituals.
    (AFP, 12/13/14)

2014        Dec 15, Iraqi officials said the government has identified and stopped payment of tens of millions of dollars in salaries previously disbursed to nonexistent troops, known here as "ghost soldiers," as part of the prime minister's vow to tackle corruption in the military and regain a foothold in the battle against the Islamic State group.
    (AP, 12/15/14)
2014        Dec 15, The Islamic State (IS) executed 13 men described as anti-jihadist Sunni tribal fighters near Iraq’s northern city of Tikrit. The executed men were members of an anti-IS group of Sunni tribal fighters known as the Knights of Al-Alam who were captured by jihadists in Tikrit and Al-Alam around 10 days earlier. Pictures of the execution were released.
    (AFP, 12/16/14)

2014        Dec 17, Kurdish forces launched an operation to retake the town of Sinjar in northwestern Iraq after heavy coalition air strikes on Islamic State positions in the area overnight.
    (Reuters, 12/17/14)
2014        Dec 17, The UN Security Council renewed for 12 months its authorization for humanitarian access without Syrian government consent into rebel-held areas of Syria at four border crossings from Turkey, Iraq and Jordan.
    (Reuters, 12/17/14)

2014        Dec 18, Iraqi PM Haider al-Abadi ordered the withdrawal of all government lawsuits against journalists and media outlets, marking a departure from his predecessor Nouri al-Maliki.
    (AP, 12/18/14)

2014        Dec 19, In Iraq Kurdish forces pressed their biggest offensive against the Islamic State group so far, buoyed by US reports that jihadist supremo Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi's top aide in Iraq has been killed. Bombings killed 11 people in Baghdad.
    (AP, 12/19/14)
2014        Dec 19, The US-led coalition conducted 11 air strikes against Islamic State militants in Iraq and 4 in Syria.
    (Reuters, 12/19/14)

2014        Dec 20, Iraqi Kurdish and allied forces pressed on with a vast operation to wrest back swathes of land from the Islamic State jihadist group, a day after a months-old siege on Mount Sinjar was broken.
    (AFP, 12/20/14)

2014        Dec 21, US-led forces attacked Islamic State targets with 13 air strikes in Iraq and three in Syria, using fighter, bomber and other aircraft.
    (Reuters, 12/21/14)
2014        Dec 21, Kurdish fighters, backed by US-led coalition airstrikes, pushed into the northern Iraqi town of Sinjar, touching off heavy clashes with Islamic State militants who have controlled the area for months.
    (AP, 12/21/14)

2014        Dec 22, Kurdish fighters in Iraq pushed deeper into the town of Sinjar, held by the Islamic State group, but faced stiff resistance from the Sunni militants who captured it in August.
    (AP, 12/22/14)

2014        Dec 23, The Iraqi cabinet approved a $102.5 billion budget for 2015 based on a projected oil price of $60 a barrel. The projected deficit for the year was estimated at $19.1 billion.
    (AFP, 12/23/14)

2014        Dec 24, In Iraq a suicide bomber killed 33 people and wounded 55 others in Madaen (Madain), about 25 km (15 miles) south of Baghdad. A senior counter-terrorism officer was shot dead in north Iraq. 4 civilians were killed when a bomb tore through a market in Youssifiyah.
    (Reuters, 12/24/14)(AFP, 12/24/14)(SFC, 12/25/14, p.A4)

2014        Dec 26, The US-led coalition pounded the Islamic State jihadist group with 31 air strikes, including 16 in Syria with 13 in the flashpoint Syrian town of Kobane and 15 in Iraq.
    (AFP, 12/26/14)

2014        Dec 28, Iran media reported that a sniper has killed Revolutionary Guards commander Brigadier General Hamid Taqavi. He was training Iraqi troops and Shi'ite militia fighting Islamic State (IS) militants in the Iraqi city of Samarra.
    (Reuters, 12/28/14)
2014        Dec 28, US-led forces conducted eight air strikes against Islamic State militants in Syria and five strikes on IS targets in Iraq.
    (Reuters, 12/28/14)

2014        Dec 29, In Iraq a suicide bomber struck a funeral outside the mainly Sunni town of Taji, killing 16 mourners and wounded 34 others. A day later the Islamic State group claimed responsibility. A Shiite militia commander was killed by a sniper's bullet during fighting with Islamic State militants in the town of Duluiyah.
    (AP, 12/29/14)(AP, 12/30/14)
2014        Dec 29, The US-led coalition launched 18 air strikes against Islamic State, including 12 in Syria and six in Iraq.
    (Reuters, 12/29/14)

2014        Dec 30, The United States and its allies conducted 15 air strikes against Islamic State militants in Syria and Iraq, hitting several units of fighters and buildings.
    (Reuters, 12/30/14)

2014        Dec 31, Kurdish Iraqi forces launched a large-scale offensive to push Islamic State group extremists from an area outside the militant-held northern city of Mosul. The United States and its allies staged 29 air strikes on Islamic State targets in Syria and Iraq.
    (Reuters, 1/1/15)(AP, 12/31/14)

2014        Ali A. Allawi authored “Faisal I of Iraq."
    (SFC, 2/25/14, p.79)
2014        Justin Marozzi authored “Baghdad: City of Peace, City of Blood."
    (Econ, 6/14/14, p.77)

2015        Jan 1, Iraqi government figures showed violence in the country killed more than 15,000 civilians and security personnel in 2014.
    (AFP, 1/1/15)
2015        Jan 1, In southern Iraq gunmen killed 3 Sunni clerics near the mostly Shiite city of Basra. A roadside bomb exploded in central Baghdad, killing 4 civilians and wounding 12.
    (AP, 1/2/15)

2015        Jan 2, In northern Iraq militants linked to the Islamic State group rounded up dozens of men from the villages of al-Shajara and al-Ghariba following a quarrel that led to the burning of the extremist group's flag.
    (AP, 1/3/15)

2015        Jan 4, Australian PM Tony Abbott made an unannounced visit to Baghdad, meeting with top officials to discuss ways his country can aid Iraqi forces in their fight against the Islamic State group.
    (AP, 1/5/15)

2015        Jan 5, The Islamic State jihadist group posted a series of pictures online indicating the execution of 8 people, four of them policemen, in Iraq's Salaheddin province.
    (AFP, 1/5/15)
2015        Jan 5, The US-led coalition launched 20 more air strikes against Islamic State in Syria and Iraq over the last 24 hours, targeting fighters for the militant group and hitting its crude oil operations.
    (Reuters, 1/5/15)

2015        Jan 6, In western Iraq a suicide blast targeting security forces and subsequent clashes with Islamic State extremists killed at least 23 troops and pro-government Sunni fighters in Anbar province.
    (AP, 1/6/15)
2015        Jan 6, The US-led coalition conducted 10 air strikes against Islamic State in Syria, mostly targeting the contested city of Kobani, and two strikes in Iraq over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 1/6/15)

2015        Jan 8, In Iraq a suicide bomber rammed his explosives-laden car into a police checkpoint in Youssifiyah killing 3 police and 4 civilians. A suicide bomber driving a pickup loaded with explosives struck a checkpoint near Samarra, killing 8 people and wounding 23 others. A suicide bomber set off his explosives belt among Shiite worshippers who were leaving a mosque in western Baghdad, killing 8 worshippers and wounding 16.
    (AP, 1/8/15)
2015        Jan 8, Canada announced that it would welcome 10,000 Syrians over three years and 3,000 more Iraqis fleeing war and Islamic State militants.
    (SSFC, 1/11/15, p.A4)

2015        Jan 10, In northern Iraq Islamic State group fighters attempting to retake Gwer, a town held by Kurdish peshmerga forces, killed at least 30 Kurds.   
    (AP, 1/11/15)

2015        Jan 11, The US military said American-led forces launched 19 air strikes against Islamic State militants in Syria and Iraq over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 1/11/15)

2015        Jan 12, In Iraq suicide car bomb killed 12 Shiite militiamen and soldiers in Abasiyat, a town north of Baghdad, sparking a battle between security forces and fighters with the extremist Islamic State group.
    (AP, 1/12/15)

2015        Jan 17, In Iraq a series of bombings targeting busy markets killed 18 people in and around Baghdad.
    (AP, 1/17/15)
2015        Jan 17, The Islamic State group released about 200 Yazidis held for five months in Iraq, mostly elderly, infirm captives who likely slowed the extremists down.
    (AP, 1/18/15)
2015        Jan 17, Morocco said it has dismantled an Islamist militant cell sending fighters to Syria and Iraq to join Islamic State and mount attacks on returning home. A security source said the government thinks nearly 2,000 Moroccans have fought in Syria's civil war and in Iraq with Islamic State.
    (Reuters, 1/17/15)
2015        Jan 17, A Turkish intelligence report said around 3,000 people in Turkey are believed to be linked to the Islamic State (IS) jihadist group.
    (AFP, 1/17/15)
2015        Jan 17, The United States and its allies conducted 29 airstrikes on Islamic State targets in Syria and Iraq over the last 24-hours.
    (Reuters, 1/17/15)

2015        Jan 20, In Iraq two bombings targeting Shiite neighborhoods killed 8 people in Baghdad.
    (AP, 1/20/15)
2015        Jan 20, The US-led coalition conducted nearly 20 more air strikes against Islamic State militants in Syria and Iraq over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 1/20/15)
2015        Jan 20, A senior Canadian officer said Canadian special forces exchanged gunfire with Islamic State fighters in Iraq in recent days, in the first confirmed ground battle between Western troops and IS.
    (AFP, 1/20/15)

2015        Jan 21, Kurdish security forces launched an offensive on the Islamic State (IS) group in northern Iraq and retook villages the jihadists used to launch attacks. The US and its partners launched 23 air strikes in Syria and Iraq against Islamic State in the last 24 hours.
    (AFP, 1/21/15)

2015        Jan 22, In Iraq a suicide car bomb  at a military base in Taji and an explosive device hidden in a booby-trapped house near Samarra killed 14 soldiers and Shiite militiamen.
    (AP, 1/22/15)
2015        Jan 22, Kurdish officials claimed they had cut a key road linking the IS stronghold of Mosul with Tal Afar to the west as US and coalition bombers, fighter jets and drones carried out a total of 31 air raids over the last 24 hours, including ten in Syria and 21 in Iraq.
    (AFP, 1/22/15)

2015        Jan 23, In Iraq Kurds fired 20 Grad missiles into Mosul after receiving information that Islamic State militants were gathering to meet near the city's Zuhour neighborhood. This was their first attack since Islamic State militants overran the northern Iraqi city last summer
    (Reuters, 1/24/15)
2015        Jan 23, The United States and its coalition partners launched another round of air strikes against Islamic State, conducting 25 strikes in Iraq and Syria in the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 1/23/15)

2015        Jan 24, In Iraq two bombings killed at least 13 people in Baghdad.
    (AP, 1/24/15)(SSFC, 1/25/15, p.A8)
2015        Jan 24, The United States and its coalition partners launched another round of air strikes against Islamic State militants in Iraq and Syria, conducting 26 strikes in the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 1/24/15)

2015        Jul 25, In Iraq two bombings ripped through commercial areas in Baghdad, killing at least 10 civilians and wounding dozens.
    (AP, 1/25/15)
2015        Jan 25, In northern Iraq armed groups of Yazidis raided four Arab villages in Sinjar, killing at least 21 people in reprisals against Sunni villagers they believe collaborated in atrocities inflicted by Islamic State on their community. A further 17 went missing.
    (Reuters, 2/10/15)

2015        Jan 26, In Iraq bombings in and around Baghdad killed 8 people. Shiite militias reportedly massacred 77 Sunni villagers during an operation against jihadists in Diyala province.
    (AP, 1/26/15)(AFP, 1/29/15)
2015        Jan 26, US and partner nations launched 21 air strikes in Syria and 13 in Iraq over the last 24-hours.
    (Reuters, 1/26/15)

2015        Jan 27, In Iraq a bullet hit the fuselage of a Flydubai airliner on its descent into Baghdad, lightly wounding a young girl and prompting many carriers to suspend their flights.
    (AFP, 1/27/15)

2015        Jan 28, A new study said an estimated 550 women who have traveled to Iraq and Syria are expected to marry, keep house and bear children.
    (AFP, 1/28/15)

2015        Jan 30, Iraqi Kurdish forces repelled a major attack by the Islamic State group in Kirkuk province. Brigadier General Shirko Rauf and 5 other members of the Kurdish peshmerga forces were killed and 46 more were wounded. Violence elsewhere left at least 19 dead. Kurdish Brig. Gen. Hussein Mansour was killed by a sniper shot near Kirkuk.
    (AFP, 1/30/15)(AP, 1/31/15)
2015        Jan 30, The US-led coalition said it launched six air strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 1/30/15)

2015        Jan 31, Iraqi Kurdish forces and police retook an oil field in Kirkuk province that was seized by the Islamic State group overnight, and freed 24 workers who had been taken captive. A series of bombings in and around Baghdad killed 9 people.
    (AFP, 1/31/15)(AP, 1/31/15)

2015        Feb 1, In northwest Iraq Kurdish forces found the remains of about 25 members of the Yazidi minority killed by the Islamic State jihadist group in a mass grave.
    (AFP, 2/2/15)
2015        Feb 1, The Islamic State group beheaded an Iraqi police officer and two soldiers, the latest in a long series of atrocities committed by the jihadists, according to pictures posted online today.
    (AFP, 2/1/15)
2015        Feb 1, The United States and its allies have carried out 26 air strikes in Iraq and eight in Syria over the last 24 hours in continued attacks on Islamic State targets.
    (Reuters, 2/1/15)
2015        Feb 1, The UN reported that fighting and other violence in Iraq killed at least 1,375 people including 790 civilians in January.
    (Reuters, 2/1/15)

2015        Feb 3, Iraq's cabinet approved a draft law creating a national guard, which Sunni political figures have described as a necessary step to achieving national reconciliation.
    (Reuters, 2/3/15)
2015        Feb 3, US and allied forces staged airstrikes on 14 Islamic State targets in Iraq and Syria in the last 24-hour period.
    (Reuters, 2/3/15)

2015        Feb 4, The United States and its allies staged 11 airstrikes near the Syrian city of Kobani, and also targeted the insurgent group with six strikes in Iraq over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 2/4/15)

2015        Feb 5, Iraq's PM Haider al-Abadi lifted a decade-old, midnight-to-5 a.m. curfew in Baghdad, ordered that long-blocked streets in the capital be opened up and declared some neighborhoods of the city weapons-free zones effective Feb 7.
    (AP, 2/5/15)

2015        Feb 6, In northern Iraq the remains of 23 men from the Yazidi religious minority were found when a mass grave was excavated.
    (AFP, 2/7/15)
2015        Feb 6, The American military said US-led forces have launched 10 air strikes in Syria and eight in Iraq against Islamic State militants over the last 24 hrs.  A purported statement by the Islamic State group claimed that an American female hostage was killed in a Jordanian airstrike on the outskirts of Raqqa, the militant group's main stronghold. Kayla Jean Mueller (26), an aid worker, was captured in 2013. On May 14 it was reported that Mueller had been raped repeatedly by Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, the self-proclaimed caliph of the IS.
    (Reuters, 2/6/15)(AP, 2/6/15)(AP, 8/15/15)

2015        Feb 7, In Iraq at least 40 people were killed in three bombings around Baghdad. Baghdad's decade-old nightly curfew was set to end at midnight.
    (Reuters, 2/7/15)(AP, 2/8/15)
2015        Feb 7, US-led forces launched 15 air strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and 11 in Syria over the last 24 hours. Nine targets in Syria centered around the border city of Kobani.
    (Reuters, 2/7/15)

2015        Feb 9, In Iraq attacks in Baghdad killed 22 people with dozens left wounded.
    (AFP, 2/9/15)(AP, 2/9/15)

2015        Feb 10, In Iraq three bombing attacks killed at least 8 people and wounded 25.
    (AP, 2/10/15)

2015        Feb 11, In Iraq clashes between government forces and militants outside Tikrit along with attacks in Baghdad killed at least 22 people and wounded dozens.
    (AP, 2/11/15)

2015        Feb 12, In Iraq Islamic State militants seized parts of the town of Al-Baghdadi, five miles from the Ayn al-Asad airbase where some 320 US troops were training Iraqi troops.
    (SFC, 2/12/15, p.A2)
2015        Feb 12, US-led forces hit Islamic State targets in Iraq with 12 air strikes and three air strikes in Syria over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 2/12/15)
2015        Feb 12, The UN Security Council unanimously adopted Resolution 2199 aimed at choking off earnings from oil smuggling, antiquities trafficking and ransom payments to the Islamic State group.
    (AFP, 2/12/15)(Econ, 6/13/15, p.46)

2015        Feb 13, The Iraqi army said it has killed 8 assailants near the Ain al-Asad air base, about 85 km (50 miles) northwest of Ramadi following an attack that began a day earlier. The US military said coalition partners conducted seven air strikes against Islamic State militants in Iraq over the last 24 hours, including five strikes about 15 km east of Ain al-Asad base.
    (Reuters, 2/13/15)
2015        Feb 13, In Iraq unidentified gunmen attacked a two-car convoy carrying Sheikh Qassem Sweidan al-Janabi and his nephew, lawmaker Zeid al-Janabi. The lawmaker was later released but the tribal leader, seen as a moderate Sunni, as well as his son and at least six other people, mostly bodyguards, were killed.   
    (AFP, 2/14/15)

2015        Feb 15, In Iraq and Syria the United States and its coalition partners conducted 11 air strikes against Islamic State militants, three in Syria and eight in Iraq over the last 24 hours.
    (AP, 2/15/15)

2015        Feb 16, In Iraq and Syria the United States and its coalition partners launched air strikes against Islamic State targets; two in Syria and 13 in Iraq over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 2/16/15)

2015        Feb 17, In Iraq and Syria the United States and its allies staged six airstrikes around the Syrian town of Kobani and eight strikes on Islamic State in Iraq over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 2/17/15)
2015        Feb 17, Canadian officials said the cost of Canada's six-month bombing mission against the Islamic State group in Iraq was estimated at more than $100 million.
    (AFP, 2/17/15)

2015        Feb 18, In Iraq a suicide car bomber killed 6 troops and Shiite militiamen at a checkpoint jointly manned by the Shiite militia and Iraqi army near Samarra.
    (AP, 2/18/15)

2015        Feb 19, In Iraq and Syria the US-led coalition staged 15 air strikes on Islamic State forces over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 2/19/15)

2015        Feb 21, In Iraq Zekra Alwach, a civil engineer and director general of the ministry of higher education, became the first female mayor of Baghdad, and the first woman to be given such a post in the whole country.
    (AFP, 2/21/15)
2015        Feb 21, In Iraq and Syria the US-led coalition said it has staged six air strikes against Islamic State targets over the past 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 2/21/15)

2015        Feb 22, In Iraq The Islamic State jihadist group released a new video purporting to show captured Kurdish peshmerga fighters paraded through Iraqi streets in cages. Kurdish sources said it was filmed a week earlier in the main market of Hawija, an IS-held town some 50 km from Kirkuk.
    (AFP, 2/22/15)

2015        Feb 23, In Iraq and Syria the United States and its allies staged 25 air strikes on Islamic State fighters over the last 24 hours. About 800 Iraqi forces backed by US warplanes waged a battle to retake the western town of Al-Baghdadi from Islamic State jihadists.
    (Reuters, 2/23/15)(AFP, 2/23/15)

2015        Feb 24, In Iraq a series of bombings killed at least 40 people. Islamic State fighters detained 42 Sunni tribesmen in the village of Rubaidha ahead of a widely expected army offensive. Last week insurgents detained 56 men accused of belonging to a government-backed Sunni militia.
    (AP, 2/24/15)(Reuters, 2/25/15)(SFC, 2/25/15, p.A2)

2015        Feb 25, In Iraq and Syria the US and its partner nations launched 15 air strikes against the Islamic State with six in Iraq and nine in Syria over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 2/25/15)
2015        Feb 25, New Zealand reported that it will be sending 143 troops to Iraq tasked with protecting 16 Kiwi soldiers training Iraqi forces.
    (SSFC, 3/1/15, p.A4)

2015        Feb 26, The Islamic State group released a video showing militants using sledgehammers to smash ancient artifacts in Iraq's northern city of Mosul, describing the relics as idols that must be removed.
    (AP, 2/26/15)

2015        Feb 27, In Iraq at least 8 people were killed by bombs and rocket fire in Baghdad.
    (Reuters, 2/27/15)

2015        Feb 28, Iraq's national museum officially reopened after 12 years of painstaking efforts during which close to a third of 15,000 pieces looted during the US-led invasion were recovered.
    (AFP, 2/28/15)
2015        Feb 28, In Iraq car bombs targeting a crowded market and Shiite militia checkpoints in and north of Baghdad killed 37 people.
    (AP, 2/28/15)(SSFC, 3/1/15, p.A5)

2015        Mar 1, In Iraq and Syria a US-led coalition launched 9 air strikes including seven in Iraq and two in Syria against Islamic State militants over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 3/1/15)

2015        Mar 2, Iraq's armed forces, backed by Shi'ite militia, attacked Islamic State strongholds north of Baghdad as they launched an offensive to retake Tikrit and the surrounding Sunni Muslim province of Salahuddin. American jihadist Abu Dawud al-Amriki carried out a suicide truck bomb attack against Iraqi forces involved in an operation to recapture the city of Tikrit.
    (Reuters, 3/2/15)    (AFP, 3/3/15)

2015        Mar 3, Thousands of Iraqi soldiers and Shi'ite militiamen sought to seal off Islamic State fighters in Tikrit and nearby towns, the second day of Iraq's biggest offensive yet against a stronghold of the radical Sunni Islamist militants.
    (Reuters, 3/3/15)

2015        Mar 4, In Iraq and Syria the US and its allies staged 12 air strikes on Islamic State targets over the last 24-hours.
    (Reuters, 3/4/15)

2015        Mar 5, In Iraq insurgents unleashed a series of attacks mostly targeting civilian areas in and around Baghdad, killing at least 16.
    (AP, 3/5/15)
2015        Mar 5, In Iraq the Islamic State "bulldozed" the ruins of Nimrud near Mosul. Nimrud was founded in the 13th century BC and was considered the jewel of the Assyrian era.
    (AFP, 3/6/15)

2015        Mar 6, Iraqi government forces and Iran-backed militiamen entered a town on the southern outskirts of Saddam Hussein's home city Tikrit, pressing on with the biggest offensive yet against Islamic State militants that seized the north last year.
    (Reuters, 3/6/15)
2015        Mar 6, In Iraq and Syria coalition forces led by the US military targeted Islamic State militants with 16 air strikes over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 3/6/15)

2015        Mar 7, In Iraq gunmen dressed all in black abducted 31 Shiite men from their homes in eastern Baghdad. Officials said they suspect the kidnapped men were involved in prostitution and criminal activities. Separate attacks in the capital killed 6 people.
    (AP, 3/7/15)
2015        Mar 7, Iraqi officials in the northern city of Mosul said that militants with the Islamic State group have begun demolishing the ancient archaeological site of Hatra in a push to rid its territory of symbols it says promote idolatry. In April a video was released showing extremists smashing walls and shooting assault rifles at priceless statues.
    (AP, 3/7/15)(SSFC, 4/5/15, p.A7)
2015        Mar 7, In Iraq and Syria US and coalition forces conducted 17 air strikes against Islamic State fighters over the past 24 hours with 6 in Syria and 11 in Iraq.
    (Reuters, 3/7/15)

2015        Mar 8, Iraqi security forces and Shi’ite militia fighting the Islamic State took control of the center of al-Dour town on the southern outskirts of Tikrit. A series of bombings targeting public places and police have killed 11 people around Baghdad.
    (Reuters, 3/8/15)(AP, 3/8/15)
2015        Mar 8, In Iraq and Syria US and coalition forces conducted 12 air strikes against Islamic State fighters over the past 24 hours. Coalition warplanes bombed a refinery near the Syrian town of Tel Abyad on the Turkish border late today. The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said the strikes killed some 30 people.
    (Reuters, 3/8/15)(AP, 3/9/15)
2015        Mar 8, United Arab Emirates airlines Emirates, flydubai and Etihad Airways said they have suspended flights to Erbil, citing security concerns as Islamic State razes ancient cities in Iraq's north.
    (Reuters, 3/8/15)

2015        Mar 9, In northern Iraq Kurdish forces drove Islamic State militants back from the oil-rich city of Kirkuk, in an attack which was backed by heavy air strikes from a US-led coalition.
    (Reuters, 3/9/15)

2015        Mar 10, Iraqi troops and militias drove Islamic State militants out of the town of al-Alam, clearing the way for an offensive to retake the nearby city of Tikrit from the ultra-radical group.
    (Reuters, 3/10/15)
2015        Mar 10, Photos shared by sympathizers on social media said the Islamic State group has publicly beheaded three men in northern Iraq, two of them for allegedly engaging in homosexual acts.
    (AFP, 3/10/15)
2015        Mar 10, In Iraq and Syria US and coalition forces conducted 12 air strikes against Islamic State fighters over the last 24 hours including eight in Iraq and four in Syria.
    (Reuters, 3/10/15)

2015        Mar 11, Iraqi soldiers and Shiite militiamen entered the Islamic State-held city of Tikrit, breaching one of the biggest strongholds of the extremists in a key test for Iraqi forces.
    (AP, 3/11/15)
2015        Mar 11, In Iraq and Syria US and coalition forces conducted 13 air strikes against Islamic State militants over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 3/11/15)

2015        Mar 12, In Iraq US and coalition partners conducted 13 air strikes against Islamic State militants over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 3/12/15)

2015        Mar 13, In Iraq a bombing in Baghdad and an explosion in a nearby town killed 7 people. Iraqi police claimed around 50 percent of Tikrit was now back in government hands. 6 soldiers were reported killed and 11 wounded in a suicide car bomb Tikrit’s in Al-Dyum neighborhood.
    (AP, 3/13/15)(AFP, 3/13/15)

2015        Mar 14, Iraq's semi-autonomous Kurdistan Regional Government said it has evidence Islamic State used chlorine gas as a chemical weapon against Kurdish peshmerga forces in a January 23 suicide car bombing.
    (Reuters, 3/14/15)
2015        Mar 14, In northeast Syria US-led coalition jets struck Islamic State positions for the second day in a row, in an area where the militants are battling Kurdish forces. The US and its coalition partners staged 10 air strikes on Islamic State militants in Iraq and Syria over the last 24 hours.
    (AP, 3/14/15)(Reuters, 3/14/15)

2015        Mar 15, Islamic State fighters traded sniper fire and mortar rounds with Iraqi troops and allied Shi'ite militia forces in the city of Tikrit but no major advances were made by either side.
    (Reuters, 3/15/15)

2015        Mar 17, Iraq's offensive to retake Tikrit from the Islamic State group was stalled because of streets and buildings rigged with booby trap bombs and by the several hundred jihadists still holding out there. Separate attacks in and outside Baghdad killed at least 9 people.
    (AFP, 3/17/15)(AP, 3/17/15)

2015        Mar 19, In Iraq 13 bodies were unearthed from a mass grave near the city of Tikrit. A new UN report said Islamic State militants may have committed genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity during their rampage across the country.
    (AP, 3/19/15)

2015        Mar 20, In Iraq and Syria the US and its coalition allies staged eight air strikes against Islamic State militants over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 3/20/15)
2015        Mar 20, Islamic State published a video purporting to show the beheading of three Kurdish peshmerga fighters in northern Iraq by militants who threatened to kill "dozens" more of those being held captive. The population under Islamic State control was about eight million people.
    (Reuters, 3/20/15)(Econ., 3/21/15, p.17)

2015        Mar 24, In Iraq Islamic State militants publicly stoned a man and a woman to death on charges of adultery.
    (SFC, 3/25/15, p.A2)

2015        Mar 25, The United States and its allies staged 19 air strikes on Islamic State targets in Syria and Iraq over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 3/25/15)

2015        Mar 26, Iraqi forces buoyed by the first US-led coalition air strikes on Tikrit made a final push to flush diehard jihadists out of Saddam Hussein's hometown. US-led warplanes carried out 17 air strikes against Islamic State jihadists in Tikrit overnight in the first wave of coalition bombing raids in support of an Iraqi government offensive to recapture the town. The Iran-backed Shiite militias pulled out of the offensive in Tikrit in protest over US airstrikes there.
    (AFP, 3/26/15)(AP, 3/27/15)

2015        Mar 27, Iraqi troops pressed their push in Tikrit as fighter planes pounded IS targets from above. Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani called for unity among the country's forces battling the IS group.
    (AP, 3/27/15)

2015        Mar 30, Iran's Revolutionary Guard said a US drone strike killed two of its advisers near the Iraqi city of Tikrit on March 23, where a major offensive is underway against the Islamic State group. The US said its coalition conducted no airstrikes in the area during the time of the incident.
    (AP, 3/30/15)

2015        Mar 30, In Iraq a pair of car bombings in a Baghdad suburb killed at least 11 people and wounded dozens, hours after the arrival of UN Secretary General, Ban Ki-moon, for talks with the Iraqi officials.
    (AP, 3/30/15)

2015        Mar 31, Iraqi PM Haidar al-Abadi said government troops aided by Shi'ite paramilitaries have driven Islamic State out of central Tikrit, but the fight to retake all of Saddam Hussein's home town continued. A suicide bomber targeted a bus carrying Iranian Shiite pilgrims north of Baghdad, killing 6 people, including 4 Iranians.
    (Reuters, 3/31/15)(AP, 3/31/15)(SFC, 4/1/15, p.A2)

2015        Apr 1, Iraq declared a "magnificent victory" over the Islamic State group in Tikrit, a key step in driving the militants out of their biggest strongholds.
    (AP, 4/1/15)

2015        Apr 3, Iraq’s PM Haider al-Abadi ordered government forces to oppose vandalism in the city of Tikrit, retaken from the Islamic State group this week, and arrest those responsible.
    (AFP, 4/3/15)

2015        Apr 5, In Iraq three separate attacks in Baghdad killed at least 9 people and wounded others.
    (AP, 4/5/15)

2015        Apr 6, Iraqi forensic teams began excavating 11 suspected mass grave sites thought to hold the corpses of as many as 1,700 soldiers massacred last summer by Islamic State militants as they swept across northern Iraq. A DNA database registered 1,686 cadets as missing.
    (Reuters, 4/7/15)(SFC, 4/8/15, p.A3)
2015        Apr 6, In Iraq US-led forces targeted Islamic State militants with eight air strikes and conducted five air strikes in Syria over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 4/6/15)

2015        Apr 7, The Islamic State group launched English-language radio news bulletins on its al-Bayan radio network. The first bulletin provided an overview of their activities in Iraq, Syria and Libya. An IS group online propaganda video showed the beheading of four men for armed robbery and murder in the northern Iraqi province of Nineveh.
    (AP, 4/7/15)(AFP, 4/7/15)

2015        Apr 8, Iraqi security forces launched a new offensive against Islamic State insurgents in the Sunni Muslim heartland of Anbar, seeking to build on a victory over the jihadist group last week in the city of Tikrit. Islamic State militants freed 216 Yazidis it was holding captive in northern Iraq.
    (Reuters, 4/8/15)(AP, 4/8/15)
2015        Apr 8, In Iraq and Syria US-led forces targeted Islamic State militants with four air strikes in Iraq and two in Syria over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 4/8/15)

2015        Apr 9, In Iraq Islamic State fighters launched an attack on government-held territory in Anbar province. Over the next 24 hours 25 Iraqi police officers and soldiers were killed and 15 family members of local police were executed as IS fighters overran large parts of Albu Faraj.
    (SFC, 4/11/15, p.A4)
2015        Apr 9, Sweden said it will send up to 120 troops to northern Iraq to train Iraqi and Kurdish fighters as part of the US-led coalition against the Islamic State group.
    (AFP, 4/9/15)

2015        Apr 10, In Iraq a car bomb went off near one of Baghdad's landmark hotels killing at least 3 people. A suicide attacker blew himself up in a restaurant in Mashahdah, 40 km. north of Baghdad, killing at least 5 people.
    (AFP, 4/10/15)

2015        Apr 11, In Iraq Islamic State militants launched suicide attacks against the Baiji oil refinery, the largest in the country. 20 jihadist fighters were reported killed in raids by the Iraqi air force.
    (AFP, 4/11/15)

2015        Apr 12, In Iraq a series of car bombings in Baghdad killed at least 12 people.
    (SFC, 4/13/15, p.A2)

2015        Apr 13, Iraq's PM Haider al-Abadi was reported to have retired more than 300 officers as part of efforts to restructure the army after multiple divisions collapsed during a jihadist offensive last year. A car bomb parked near an outdoor market in a busy commercial area in Baghdad killed at least 10 civilians. Attacks elsewhere in and north of Baghdad killed 5 more people.
    (AFP, 4/13/15)(AP, 4/13/15)
2015        Apr 13, US District Judge Royce Lamberth sentenced former guard Nicholas Slatten to life in prison and three others to 30-year terms for their roles in the 2007 Baghdad shootings that killed 14 Iraqi civilians and wounded 17 others.
    (AP, 4/14/15)

2015        Apr 14, In Iraq attacks in and around Baghdad killed at least 20 civilians, as security forces repelled an attack by the IS group on the country's largest oil refinery.
    (AP, 4/14/15)
2015        Apr 14, Pres. Obama met with Iraqi PM Haidar al-Abadi to discuss the fight against Islamic State at a White House meeting dominated by Iraqi requests for US arms and tension over Iran's role on the battlefield. Obama endorsed the prime minister and offered $200 million in humanitarian aid.
    (Reuters, 4/14/15)(SFC, 4/15/15, p.A2)
2015        Apr 14, The US Central Command said the international coalition carried out 18 airstrikes on militants in Iraq and Syria in the past two days. Of those, 15 were in Iraq, including three near Ramadi.
    (AP, 4/15/15)
2015        Apr 14, Hungary approved a proposal to send up to 150 troops to help guard a military training center in the northern Iraqi city of Irbil as part of international efforts against Islamic State extremists in a mission to continue to December 2017.
    (AP, 4/14/15)

2015        Apr 15, Iraq's PM Haidar al-Abadi said he would seek a sustainable flow of weaponry from the United States during talks in Washington, with payment deferred.
    (Reuters, 4/15/15)
2015        Apr 15, In Iraq the Islamic State group launched an offensive in Anbar province, capturing three villages near the provincial capital of Ramadi and forcing villagers to flee from their homes as fierce clashes were underway between the extremists and government troops.
    (AP, 4/15/15)

2015        Apr 17, Iraqi security forces fought Islamic State militants at the gates of the western city of Ramadi. Local authorities warned it was in danger of falling unless reinforcements arrived soon. Iraqi government forces said Saddam Hussein's former deputy, Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri and 9 bodyguards, have been killed in the Talal Hamreen mountains. Al-Douri, dubbed the “king of clubs" in a deck of playing cards to help American troops identify key regime fugitives, and had remained a wanted fugitive since the 2003 U.S.-led invasion. He later allied himself with Islamic State militants. Bombings in Baghdad killed at least 40 people.
    (Reuters, 4/17/15)(AP, 4/17/15)(SFC, 4/18/15, p.A3)
2015        Apr 17, In Iraq a car bombing claimed by the Islamic State killed 2 ethnically Kurdish Turks and wounded eight people wounded outside the US consulate in Erbil, the capital of Iraq's Kurdistan region. The IS group claimed responsibility. On April 28 Kurdish authorities said they have arrested Kurdish five men who confessed to carrying out the car bombing on behalf of Islamic State.
    (Reuters, 4/17/15)(AP, 4/18/15)(Reuters, 4/28/15)

2015        Apr 18, Iraqi soldiers surrounded and entered the oil refinery at Beiji, days after a number of Islamic State militants carried out a large-scale attack and briefly took over a small part of the complex. Kurdish peshmerga forces recaptured two villages just south of the oil-rich city of Kirkuk. Bombings in and around Baghdad killed 7 people.
    (AP, 4/18/15)
2015        Apr 18, In Iraq and Syria the US and its allies reported the launch of 20 air strikes targeting Islamic State militants over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 4/18/15)

2015        Apr 19, In Iraq and Syria the US and its coalition partners targeted Islamic State militants with 13 air strikes over the last 24 hours with 12 of the strikes in Iraq.
    (Reuters, 4/19/15)

2015        Apr 20, In Iraq and Syria the United States and its allies launched 36 air strikes targeting Islamic State militants over the last 24 hours with 10 in Syria and 26 in Iraq.
    (Reuters, 4/20/15)

2015        Apr 22, In Iraq two bomb blasts in Baghdad killed at least 10 people.
    (AP, 4/22/15)
2015        Apr 22, In Iraq and Syria US-led forces targeted Islamic State militants with 18 air strikes over the last 24 hours including 7 in Syria and 11 in Iraq.
    (Reuters, 4/22/15)
2015        Apr 22, Russia said it is arming Iraq and Syria to help them fight Islamic State, calling the radical militant group the main threat to his own country's security.
    (Reuters, 4/22/15)

2015        Apr 24, Iraqi security forces recaptured a key bridge from Islamic State militants in Ramadi, the capital of Anbar province. Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani renewed calls for national unity among political rivals in the face of the Islamic militant threat. A bomb exploded near an outdoor market in the Sunni town of Tarmiyiah, killing 4 people and wounding eight. A bomb near a courthouse killed 3 people and wounded nine in the town of Mahmoudiyah. Militants near Fallujah launched a complex attack involving a bulldozer packed with explosives against a convoy as it approached an army base guarding a lock system on the canal between Lake Tharthar and the Euphrates River.  The attack killed Iraqi 1st Division commander Brig. Gen. Hassan Abbas Toufan, 3 staff officers and 10 other soldiers. Militants captured an officer and three soldiers.
    (AP, 4/24/15)(AP, 4/25/15)

2015        Apr 25, In Iraq 3 suicide car bombs driven by foreigners targeted the remote Trebill desert border crossing between Iraq and Jordan killing at least 4 Iraqi soldiers. A bomb exploded near an outdoor market in Baghdad's southeastern Jisr Diyala suburb, killing 4 people and wounding 11. Islamic State militants attacked Baiji, the country's largest refinery, but were repelled. 13 soldiers, among them two senior officers, were killed in a bombing and clashes east of Ramadi.
    (AP, 4/25/15)(Reuters, 4/26/15)(AP, 4/27/15)

2015        Apr 26, In Iraq at least 22 people were killed in explosions across the country, including a suicide car bomb attack on a military post in western Anbar province.
An Iraqi staff member of the UN was kidnapped in the eastern province of Diyala.
    (Reuters, 4/26/15)(AP, 4/28/15)

2015        Apr 28, In Iraq the bodies of 6 displaced Sunni men of the Albu Nimr tribe were found dumped in Baghdad with bullet wounds to the head. Police also found 2 bodies dumped by the side of a road in the Amil district of Baghdad.
    (Reuters, 4/28/15)

2015        Apr 30, In Iraq car bombings targeting public places killed 16 people in Baghdad.
    (SFC, 5/1/15, p.A2)

2015        May 1, In Iraq and Syria the US-led military coalition launched 18 air strikes against Islamic State over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 5/1/15)

2015        May 2, In Iraq 7 women and children were killed by a roadside bomb in Diyala province. A suicide blast killed six government troops in Anbar province. Two car bombs outside a popular Baghdad restaurant killed at least 19 people, including 4 policemen and a media figure, for which the IS group claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 5/2/15)(AFP, 5/3/15)(AP, 5/3/15)
2015        May 2, Canadian PM Stephen Harper made an unannounced visit to Iraq days after lawmakers extended and expanded the NATO member's air campaign against the Islamic State jihadist group.
    (AFP, 5/2/15)

2015        May 3, In Iraq and Syria the United States and its allies staged 17 strikes on Islamic State targets over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 5/3/15)

2015        May 5, In Iraq a car bomb blast near the Baghdad headquarters of a Shiite militia fighting the Islamic State jihadist group in Iraq killed at least 4 civilians.
    (AFP, 5/5/15)
2015        May 5, In Iraq Raad al-Jubbouri, a journalist critical of the government, was shot dead at his home in Baghdad with a single bullet wound to the chest after he received threats.
    (Reuters, 5/7/15)

2015        May 7, In Iraq the Islamic State jihadist group launched a fresh offensive against the Baiji refinery, the largest in the country.
    (AFP, 5/7/15)

2015        May 8, In eastern Iraq a twin bomb attack on a Shiite mosque killed at least 11 people including a senior policeman in Balad Ruz, Diyala province. The Islamic State group claimed responsibility. A third suicide bomber in Kanaan killed 4 people with at least 18 wounded.
    (AP, 5/8/15)(AFP, 5/9/15)

2015        May 9, In Iraq a car bomb blast targeting Shiite pilgrims on an annual march to a Baghdad shrine killed at least 7 people and wounded 20. Some 50 inmates and 12 police were killed and 40 inmates escaped in a bloody prison break in Khalis. The Islamic State jihadist group claimed responsibility for both events.
    (AFP, 5/9/15)(Reuters, 5/9/15)
2015        May 9, In Iraq and Syria the United States and its allies conducted 28 air strikes against Islamic State with 15 in Syria and 13 in Iraq in the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 5/9/15)

2015        May 10, In Iraq separate bombings in and around Baghdad killed at least 14 people.
    (AP, 5/10/15)

2015        May 12, In northern Iraq a bomb blast killed senior Kurdish Maj. Gen. Salah Delmani as well as two of his bodyguards. Delmani was prominent in the fight against the Islamic State group.
    (AP, 5/12/15)
2015        May 12, In Iraq Abu Alaa al-Afari (aka Abdul Rahman Mustafa Mohammed), the second most senior member of Islamic State, was killed in a coalition air strike on a mosque where he was meeting with other militants at a mosque in Tal Afar. 6 people were killed in two attacks against worshippers walking towards the shrine of Imam Musa Kadhim in northwestern Baghdad.
    (AP, 5/13/15)(AFP, 5/14/15)

2015        May 14, In Iraq deadly violence erupted overnight when Shiite worshippers marched through a Sunni neighborhood of Baghdad on their way to a shrine for an annual ritual. Police said four people were burned to death trapped inside their torched homes.
    (AFP, 5/14/15)

2015        May 15, In Iraq Islamic State fighters seized the government compound in Ramadi, the capital of Anbar province, and edged closer to what would be their biggest victory in Iraq this year. The IS claimed to have killed 13 Iraqi soldiers in an attack on a hill east of Ramadi and executed 14 Sunni tribal fighters when it took over the central neighborhood of Jamiya.
    (AFP, 5/15/15)

2015        May 16, In Iraq Islamic State militants withdrew from the main government building in Ramadi as air strikes by a US-led coalition forced the militants to retreat.
    (Reuters, 5/16/15)

2015        May 17, In Iraq Islamic State militants overran one of the last remaining districts held by government forces in Ramadi and besieged a key army base on the edge of the western provincial capital. Suicide car bomb attacks killed 15 members of Iraqi security forces in Ramadi. IS militants likely killed up to 500 Iraqi civilians and soldiers and forced 8,000 people to flee from their homes as they captured Ramadi
    (Reuters, 5/17/15)(AP, 5/17/15)(Reuters, 5/18/15)
2015        May 17, In Iraq US and allied forces launched 18 air strikes against Islamic State targets over the last 24 hours, including seven near Ramadi, the western provincial capital recently seized by the militant forces.
    (Reuters, 5/17/15)

2015        May 18, In Iraq a column of 3,000 Shi'ite militia fighters arrived at a military base near Ramadi as Baghdad moved to retake the Sunni dominated city that has fallen to Islamic State militants in the biggest defeat for the government since mid-2014. US-led warplanes stepped up raids against the Islamists, conducting 19 strikes near Ramadi over the past 72 hours at the request of the Iraqi security forces.
    (Reuters, 5/18/15)

2015        May 19, In Iraq local officials said about 500 people were killed in the fighting for Ramadi in recent days. The International Organization for Migration said 40,000 people had been forced to flee Ramadi in the past four days. A Ramadi restaurant owner said the Islamic State found 30 women and 71 men in a detention center. They had been shot in the feet to prevent them escaping when their captors fled. Iraqi forces and allied Sunni tribesmen repelled an Islamic State attack overnight on Khaldiya, a town west of Baghdad between Fallujah and Ramadi.
    (Reuters, 5/19/15)(AP, 5/19/15)

2015        May 20, Iraqi forces said they fought off an overnight attack by Islamic State militants near Ramadi.
    (Reuters, 5/20/15)
2015        May 20, The US-led coalition staged 25 air strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 5/20/15)

2015        May 21, Iraqi forces said that they had thwarted a third attempt by Islamic State militants to break through their defensive lines east of Ramadi overnight.
    (Reuters, 5/21/15)
2015        May 21, Russian Pres. Vladimir Putin said Moscow and Baghdad are expanding military cooperation during talks with Iraqi PM Haider al-Abadi in the Kremlin.
    (Reuters, 5/21/15)

2015        May 23, In Iraq Shi'ite Muslim militiamen and army forces launched a counter-offensive against Islamic State insurgents near Ramadi. the United States and its allies staged 22 air strikes on IS targets over the last 24 hours, including four near Ramadi.
    (Reuters, 5/23/15)
2015        May 23, The Islamic State group executed 16 Iraqi traders taking food from the city of Baiji to the government-controlled western city of Haditha.
    (AFP, 5/24/15)

2015        May 25, Islamic State poured more fighters into Ramadi as security forces and Shi'ite paramilitaries prepared to retake the Iraqi city that fell to the Islamists a week ago in a major setback for the government. The United States and its allies carried out 25 strikes in Iraq in the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 5/25/15)

2015        May 26, Iraq's Shi'ite militia announced that they had taken charge of the campaign to drive Islamic State from the western province of Anbar, giving the operation an openly sectarian codename that could infuriate its Sunni population. Islamic State extremists unleashed a wave of suicide attacks targeting the army outside Fallujah, Anbar province, killing at least 17 troops in a major blow to government efforts to dislodge the militants from the sprawling Sunni heartland.
    (Reuters, 5/26/15)(AP, 5/27/15)

2015        May 28, In Iraq bombings outside two heavily fortified five-star hotels in Baghdad killed 15 people. The Islamic State claimed responsibility for the bombings at the Babylon and Grand Ishtar hotels.
    (Reuters, 5/29/15)(AP, 5/29/15)(SFC, 5/29/15, p.A2)
2015        May 29, The US-led coalition conducted 20 air strikes in Iraq and four in Syria targeting Islamic State militants over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 5/29/15)

2015        May 30, Iraqi forces retook an area west of Ramadi as they pressed their operation aimed at sealing off the jihadists who captured the city two weeks ago.
    (AFP, 5/30/15)

2015        Jun 1, In Iraq 3 Islamic State suicide bombers targeted a police base in western Anbar province with explosives-laden Humvees, killing at least 47 police and Shiite militiamen in the Tharthar area north of the IS-held Ramadi.
    (AP, 6/1/15)(AP, 6/2/15)

2015        Jun 2, In Iraq a car bomb struck near a restaurant in Baghdad, killing 6 people.
    (AP, 6/2/15)
2015        Jun 2, The United States and its allies launched 10 air strikes against Islamic State targets in Iraq and five in Syria over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 6/2/15)

2015        Jun 3, In Iraq bombings targeting public places killed 11 people around Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/3/15)
2015        Jun 3, A Syrian security source said thousands of Iranian and Iraqi fighters have been deployed in past weeks to bolster the defenses of Damascus and its surroundings.
     (AFP, 6/3/15)

2015        Jun 4, An Iraqi official said Islamic State militants have reduced the amount of water flowing to government-held areas in western Anbar province. UN officials urgently called for almost $498 million in donations to provide shelter, food, water and other life-saving services for the next six months to Iraqis displaced or affected by the fighting.
    (AP, 6/4/15)

2015        Jun 5, Former Iraqi foreign minister Tareq Aziz (79) died. Aziz had been on death row since October 2010 after being convicted of murder and crimes against humanity. Jordanian authorities soon accepted a request from his family to bring his remains to be buried in Jordan.
    (AFP, 6/6/15)
2015        Jun 5, US officials said the United States has quietly started delivering promised arms for Iraqi soldiers from a $1.6 billion fund approved by Congress last year.
    (Reuters, 6/5/15)

2015        Jun 6, Iraqi Government forces and Shiite militiamen repelled two Islamic State group attacks in Anbar province. In eastern Iraq a suicide car bomb ripped through roadside restaurants at the entrance to the town of Baladruz, killing at least 15 people.
    (AP, 6/6/15)(AFP, 6/7/15)

2015        Jun 7, Iraqi forces advanced against the Islamic State jihadist group in Baiji as they battled to retake the strategic town for a second time.
    (AFP, 6/7/15)

2015        Jun 9, US and allied forces reported 14 air strikes in Iraq and nine in Syria against Islamic State militants over the last 24 hours.
    (AP, 6/9/15)

2015        Jun 10, Iraq’s human rights minister said the remains of 597 people, believed to have been executed by jihadists in the so-called Speicher massacre near Tikrit in 2014, have been exhumed.
    (AFP, 6/10/15)
2015        Jun 10, In Iraq bomb attacks killed 8 people in and around Baghdad as US-led coalition warplanes targeted Islamic State insurgents west of the capital.
    (Reuters, 6/10/15)
2015        Jun 10, Kuwait announced it will send $300 million in humanitarian aid to conflict-hit neighbors Iraq and Yemen.
    (AFP, 6/10/15)
2015        Jun 10, US President Barack Obama approved the deployment of 450 more troops to Iraq, in what would nudge the ranks of Washington's "train, advise and assist" mission above 3,500.
    (AFP, 6/11/15)

2015        Jun 11, In Iraq anti-IS forces launched a wide-ranging military operation to clear "the last Daesh (IS) pockets along the Tigris River" around Baiji.
    (AFP, 6/11/15)
2015        Jun 11, US and coalition forces conducted 13 air strikes targeting Islamic State in Iraq, as well as 10 strikes against the militant group in Syria.
    (Reuters, 6/12/15)

2015        Jun 12, US and coalition forces conducted 12 air strikes targeting Islamic State in Iraq and three strikes against the militant group in Syria.
    (Reuters, 6/13/15)

2015        Jun 13, In Iraq at least 11 Iraqi security personnel were killed in a quadruple suicide car bombing in Hajjaj, near Baiji. The Islamic State said in a statement that the bombers were a Kuwaiti, a Palestinian, a Briton named Talha Asmal (17) and a German.
    (AFP, 6/13/15)(AP, 6/15/15)
2015        Jun 13, US-led forces conducted 12 air strikes against Islamic State targets in seven Iraqi cities. One strike was conducted in Syria.
    (Reuters, 6/14/15)

2015        Jun 14, In Iraq US and coalition forces launched 16 air strikes targeting Islamic State militants in nine cities.
    (Reuters, 6/15/15)

2015        Jun 15, Iraqi PM Haider al-Abadi said around 40 foreign suicide bombers enter Iraq each month and called for countries in the region to curb the flow of foreign fighters. Ali Awni al-Harzi, a mid-level IS operative, was killed while driving a car in Mosul.
    (AFP, 6/15/15)(CSM, 6/23/15)

2015        Jun 17, US Defense Secretary Ash Carter said the effort to train Iraqi forces to fight Islamic State militants has been slowed by a lack of recruits and the US will not meet its goal to train 24,000 by this fall.
    (AP, 6/17/15)

2015        Jun 18, In Iraq and Syria the United States and coalition allies staged 22 air strikes on Islamic State targets.
    (Reuters, 6/18/15)

2015        Jun 19, In Iraq a pair of bombings in and around Baghdad killed at least 4 people and wounded 13.
    (AP, 6/19/15)
2015        Jun 19, US and coalition forces targeted the Islamic State with 16 air strikes in Iraq and six in Syria.
    (Reuters, 6/20/15)

2015        Jun 20, In Iraq US and coalition forces launched 18 air strikes against Islamic State targets, with four each in Tal Afar and Mosul.
    (Reuters, 6/21/15)

2015        Jun 21, In Iraq separate bombings killed at least 5 people in Mahmudiyah and Madain. Inside Baghdad authorities found the bodies of 3 men dumped in the streets, all shot in the chest and head with their hands and legs tied.
    (AP, 6/21/15)
2015        Jun 21, US-led coalition forces targeted Islamic State militants with seven air strikes in Syria and 22 in Iraq.
    (Reuters, 6/22/15)

2015        Jun 22, In Iraq gunmen in speeding cars opened fire on a vehicle transporting Interior Ministry officials in Baghdad, killing two officers. Attacks in Baghdad and elsewhere in the country killed at least 8 people.
    (Reuters, 6/22/15)(AP, 6/22/15)

2015        Jun 23, In southern Arizona Iraqi Brig. Gen. Rasid Mohammed Sadeeq was killed in an F-16 Fighting Falcon crash during a training mission.
    (AP, 6/26/15)
2015        Jun 23, The Australian Broadcasting Corporation cited people close to the families of Khaled Sharrouf and Mohamed Elomar as saying the pair died in fighting in Mosul in the past week. They were notorious for being pictured holding severed heads.
    (AFP, 6/23/15)

2015        Jun 25, In Iraq Islamic State militants detonated a car bomb and then opened fire on troops in the western province of Anbar, killing 14 soldiers. In the town of Hit, west of Ramadi, artillery fire and rocket attacks targeted the local irrigation department, killing 9 people and wounding 13. A car bomb ripped through a commercial area in Baghdad's northern neighborhood of Shaab, killing six civilians and wounding 16. A bomb struck an outdoor market in Mahmudiyah, about 30 km south of Baghdad, killing 2 people.
    (Reuters, 6/25/15)(AP, 6/25/15)

2015        Jun 27, Iraqi PM Haider al-Abadi announced that security forces have arrested Abdel Baqi al-Sadun, a senior official in the disbanded Baath Party. A series of attacks killed 12 people in Baghdad.
    (Reuters, 6/27/15)(SSFC, 6/28/15, p.A5)
2015        Jun 27, In Iraq and Syria the United States and its allies staged air strikes against Islamic State positions with 10 strikes in Iraq and 17 in Syria.
    (Reuters, 6/28/15)

2015        Jun 28, In Iraq gunmen shot dead Saad al-Karbalaie, a senior oil official working for the state-run North Oil Company (NOC) in Kirkuk.
    (Reuters, 6/28/15)

2015        Jun 29, In Iraq attacks inside and around Baghdad killed at least 7 people. Authorities found the bodies for 4 men and 2 women dumped in different areas in and around Baghdad, all shot in the chest and head with their hands and legs tied.
    (AP, 6/29/15)
2015        Jun 29, In Iraq and Syria the United States and its allies staged 18 air strikes on Islamic State targets.
    (Reuters, 6/30/15)

2015        Jul 1, In Iraq and Syria US-led coalition forces conducted against Islamic State with 18 in Iraq and 10 in Syria.
    (AP, 7/2/15)

2015        Jul 2, Iraqi forces cleared Islamic State militants from most of the northern town of Baiji and hoped to drive them from the nearby oil refinery within days.
    (Reuters, 7/2/15)

2015        Jul 5, In Iraq and Syria US-led forces conducted air strikes against Islamic State forces with 11 in Iraq and 8 in Syria over the last 24 hours.
    (AP, 7/6/15)(SFC, 7/6/15, p.A2)

2015        Jul 6, An Iraqi fighter jet accidentally dropped a bomb on a Baghdad neighborhood, killing at least 12 people on the ground.
    (AP, 7/6/15)

2015        Jul 7, In Iraq and Syria the United States and its allies staged 25 air strikes on Islamic State targets with 14 in Iraq and 11 in Syria.
    (Reuters, 7/8/15)

2015        Jul 8, An Iraqi court in Baghdad sentenced 24 suspected members of the Islamic State terror group to death for their role in the killing of hundreds of soldiers during the extremists' blitz across the country last year.
    (AP, 7/8/15)

2015        Jul 10, Iraqi government and Shiite militia repelled an Islamic State group attack in Anbar province. At least 10 soldiers and 12 IS fighters were killed.
    (SFC, 7/11/15, p.A2)
2015        Jul 10, In Iran and Iraq tens of thousands marched in Tehran and Baghdad in annual Quds (Jerusalem) Day demonstrations in support of Palestinians. Saudi Arabia this year joined arch-foe Israel as the target for protesters.
    (AFP, 7/10/15)
2015        Jul 10, In Iraq and Syria the United States and its allies carried out 34 air strikes against Islamic State militants with 17 in Iraq and 17 in Syria.
    (Reuters, 7/11/15)

2015        Jul 11, In Iraq bombings and a shooting killed at least 11 people in and around Baghdad.
    (AP, 7/11/15)

2015        Jul 12, In Iraq at least 35 people were killed in a series of car bombs and suicide attacks in mainly Shi'ite districts.
    (Reuters, 7/13/15)

2015        Jul 13, Iraqi troops and Shi'ite Muslim militia forces attacked Islamic State fighters on several fronts in Anbar province.
    (Reuters, 7/13/15)

2015        Jul 14, In Iraq and Syria the United States and its coalition partners targeted Islamic State forces with 17 air strikes in Iraq and 16 Syria.
    (Reuters, 7/15/15)

2015        Jul 15, Iraqi journalist Jala al-Abadi (b.1988), who was taken from his home with his phone and laptop on June 4, was executed in Mosul by firing squad after being sentenced by an IS court.
    (AFP, 7/18/15)

2015        Jul 17, In Iraq a powerful blast killed at least 115 people in an attack on a crowded marketplace in the town of Khan Beni Saad, Diyala province. At least 170 people were wounded. The Islamic State group claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 7/18/15)

2015        Jul 18, In Iraq and Syria US-led forces targeted Islamic State militants with 16 air strikes in Iraq and nine in Syria.
    (Reuters, 7/19/15)

2015        Jul 19, Iraqi militants from the Islamic State group blew up a sports stadium near Ramadi, Anbar province. In recent months it was used as a military base for Iraqi security forces and allied militia groups. The IS group also ambushed a military unit near the city of Fallujah, killing the group's commander, Ali Ahmed, and 4 of his men.
    (AP, 7/20/15)

2015        Jul 22, In Iraq two car bombings in a mainly Shi'ite Muslim district of Baghdad killed at least 26 people. IS militants the next day claimed responsibility.
    (Reuters, 7/23/15)(SFC, 7/23/15, p.A2)

2015        Jul 25, In northern Iraq at least 12 people were killed when two suicide bombers attacked a crowded swimming pool in Tuz Khurmatu. Most of the victims were Shi'ites from the country's ethnic Turkmen minority.
    (Reuters, 7/25/15)
2015        Jul 25, In Iraq five US military air strikes in the Ramadi area destroyed IS positions and vehicles.
    (AFP, 7/26/15)
2015        Jul 25, Turkish fighter jets and ground forces hit Islamic State militants in Syria and Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) camps in Iraq overnight, in a campaign Ankara said would help create a "safe zone" across swathes of northern Syria. Kurdish militants said the conditions for maintaining a ceasefire with Turkey were no longer in place, after Turkish warplanes bombed their stronghold in northern Iraq.
    (Reuters, 7/25/15)(AFP, 7/25/15)

2015        Jul 26, Iraqi government forces recaptured Anbar University campus on the outskirts of Ramadi from the Islamic State group, seizing a key position for any offensive to retake the city.
    (AFP, 7/26/15)

2015        Jul 29, In Iraq back-to-back suicide attacks targeting Iraqi security forces near the Islamic State-held city of Ramadi killed at least 12 troops, as the government pressed on with efforts to reclaim territory under the extremists' control.
    (AP, 7/29/15)
2015        Jul 29, Turkish jets launched their heaviest assault on Kurdish militants in northern Iraq overnight since air strikes began last week. A Turkish soldier was killed and three seriously wounded in the eastern province of Agri in what appeared to be a PKK attack.
    (Reuters, 7/29/15)

2015        Jul 30, In Iraq and Syria the United States and its allies hit Islamic State forces. 17 air strikes hit Iraq. In Syria 17 strikes hit Deir ez-Zor and 7 near Hasakeh.
    (Reuters, 7/31/15)

2015        Jul 31, In Iraq and Syria the United States and its allies launched air strikes with 19 in Iraq and 11 in Syria in the coalition campaign against Islamic State militants.
    (Reuters, 8/1/15)
2015        Jul 31, NATO allies agreed on a package of measures to help strengthen Iraqi security and defense forces, including in the fields of military training, demining and countering improvised explosive devices.
    (AP, 7/31/15)

2015        Aug 1, Iraq's Kurdish regional government called on the Kurdistan Worker's Party to "withdraw" from Iraq's Kurdish territory to prevent civilian deaths amid a campaign of Turkish airstrikes targeting the group.
    (AP, 8/1/15)
2015        Aug 1, Turkey’s official Anatolia news agency said around 260 members of the outlawed Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) have been killed and hundreds more wounded in Ankara's week-long campaign of air strikes against targets of the group inside Turkey and in northern Iraq. Turkish air strikes today against the PKK in northern Iraq killed at least 6 people.
    (AFP, 8/1/15)
2015        Aug 1, The UN reported that at least 1,332 Iraqis were killed by violence in July amid the war against the Islamic State group, a slight drop from June.
    (AP, 8/1/15)

2015        Aug 3, In Iraq North Oil Company (NOC) chief engineer Saad Ali Hussain was driving to his office in the northern oil city of Kirkuk when gunmen in a sports utility vehicle opened fire, killing him and his driver.
    (AP, 8/3/15)

2015        Aug 4, The Arab League condemned Turkey's actions and called on Ankara to recognize the sovereignty of Iraq. The Arab League also called on Turkey and Iraq to increase cooperation in order to try and preserve peace. Qatar however, distanced itself from the Arab League declaration.
    (AFP, 8/5/15)

2015        Aug 5, Iraqi forces battled Islamic State militants in Anbar province, leaving at least 17 troops dead. Militants detonated bombs in commercial areas of Baghdad and in northeastern Diyala province, killing at least 8 civilians and wounding 31.
    (AP, 8/5/15)

2015        Aug 6, In eastern Iraq an overnight explosion targeting a power installation disrupted the flow of electricity from neighboring Iran.
    (Reuters, 8/6/15)

2015        Aug 7, In Iraq several thousand demonstrators gathered in Baghdad to protest at rampant corruption and abysmal electricity services, calling for officials to be held to account.
    (AFP, 8/7/15)
2015        Aug 7, In Iraq and Syria the US-led coalition conducted 19 air strikes on Islamic State targets with 10 in Iraq and nine in Syria.
    (Reuters, 8/8/15)

2015        Aug 8, Today marked the anniversary of the US beginning airstrikes against the extremists in Iraq. US-led forces conducted 16 air strikes in Iraq and seven in Syria against Islamic State targets.
    (AP, 8/8/15)(AP, 8/9/15)

2015        Aug 9, Iraqi PM Haider al-Abadi won the support of his cabinet to eliminate a layer of senior government positions, part of a push to reduce corruption and save money in the face of mounting unrest.
    (Reuters, 8/9/15)
2015        Aug 9, Turkey’s official Anatolia news agency reported that 390 members of the outlawed Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) have been killed and hundreds injured in two weeks of Turkish airstrikes on positions in northern Iraq. Operations in the eastern Agri province killed 7 PKK militants.
    (AFP, 8/9/15)(Reuters, 8/11/15)

2015        Aug 10, In Iraq two bombs hit neighborhoods in Diyala province killing at least 35  people in Baquba and 7 in the village of Kanaan.
    (SFC, 8/11/15, p.A2)

2015        Aug 11, In northern Iraq Kurdish forces in the Makhmur area near Arbil were reportedly attacked with Katyusha rockets filled with chlorine. IS has previously been accused of using chlorine against Kurdish forces in Iraq.
    (AFP, 8/13/15)

2015        Aug 12, In Iraq’s Kurdish region Farhad Jaafar Mahmood and wives Khuncha Hassan Ismaeil and Berivan Haider Karim were hanged following convictions in April last year over the kidnapping and murder of two girls.
    (AP, 8/25/15)

2015        Aug 13, In Iraq a truck bomb ripped through the popular Jameela market in a predominantly Shiite neighborhood of Baghdad’s Sadr City early today, killing at least 67 people. The IS group claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 8/13/15)

2015        Aug 14, In Iraq Islamic State militants attacked the outskirts of the northern oil refinery town of Baiji overnight with car bombs and clashed with the army and Shi'ite militias in the town's western districts.
    (Reuters, 8/14/15)
2015        Aug 14, The UN Committee against Torture called on Iraq to close what it described as secret detention centers where militant suspects, including minors, are severely tortured.
    (Reuters, 8/14/15)

2015        Aug 15, In Iraq a car bomb at the Sadr City Habibiya car dealership in Baghdad killed 8 people.
    (AP, 8/15/15)

2015        Aug 16, An Iraqi parliamentary panel called for dozens of security and political officials, including former PM Nuri al-Maliki, to be referred to court in connection with the fall of the northern city of Mosul to Islamic State.
    (Reuters, 8/16/15)
2015        Aug 16, In Iraq Islamic State militants launched an attack against government troops outside the militant-held city of Fallujah, killing at least 17 troops.
    (AP, 8/16/15)

2015        Aug 17, Iraq's judicial council rejected calls for judge Medhat al-Mahmoud, head of Supreme Judicial Council, to retire amid calls for widespread government reform.
    (AP, 8/17/15)

2015        Aug 18, In northern Iraq Fadhil Ahmad al-Hayali, also known as Haji Mutaz, was killed in a US air strike. He was IS leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi's senior deputy and second-in-command of the Islamic State jihadist group.
    (AFP, 8/21/15)

2015        Aug 20, Iraqi PM Haider al-Abadi ordered major cuts in the number of guards for officials, the latest step in a reform drive to curb corruption and streamline the government.
    (AFP, 8/20/15)
2015        Aug 20, Iraqi Kurdistan president Massud Barzani's extended term expired today, leaving the autonomous region in a "legal vacuum" that Kurdish political parties were still trying to resolve.

2015        Aug 21, In Iraq Islamic State militants killed up to 50 soldiers in two separate ambushes in Anbar province.
    (SSFC, 8/23/15, p.A5)
    (AFP, 8/20/15)

2015        Aug 22, Turkey's military said warplanes have conducted new air strikes against Kurdish rebel targets in northern Iraq, killing 29 militants on Aug 20-21.
    (AP, 8/22/15)

2015        Aug 24, Iraqi Shiite cleric Moqtada al-Sadr urged followers to hold anti-corruption protests in Baghdad this week, the first major political figure to issue such a call. A series of Islamic State suicide car bombings targeting a military outpost in Anbar province killed 8 soldiers and wounded six. In Baghdad three separate roadside bombings killed 7 people and wounded 24. In Baghdad Col. Ahmed Zarzour, an Army helicopter pilot, was killed by an explosive device attached to his car.
    (AFP, 8/24/15)(AP, 8/24/15)(SFC, 8/26/15, p.A5)

2015        Aug 25, In Iraq a suicide bomber in an explosives-laden army vehicle drove into a group of soldiers southeast of Ramadi killing 13. A major in the Interior Ministry’s intelligence agency was killed by an explosive device attached to his car in Baghdad.
    (SFC, 8/26/15, p.A5)
2015        Aug 25, The Turkish military said 34 militants from the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) were killed in its latest air strikes on the group's camps in northern Iraq's Qandil mountain region.
    (Reuters, 8/25/15)

2015        Aug 27, The Islamic State said it carried out the suicide car bomb attacks near Ramadi, capital of Iraq's western Anbar province, which had killed at least five people, including two senior military commanders.
    (Reuters, 8/27/15)

2015        Aug 28, In Iraq an explosion ripped through the parking lot of a Baghdad police station when a police bomb squad tried to defuse a car bomb while colleagues looked on, killing 6 and wounding 10.
    (AP, 8/28/15)

2015        Aug 29, In Iraq Islamic State militants detained 200 people in Rutbah, Anbar province, following a rare street demonstration protesting the extremist group's execution of a local resident. A roadside bomb hit a border guard convoy making its way to the border crossing of Trebil on the Jordanian border, killing 5 officers. A pair of roadside bombs killed 5 people and injured 19 south and west of Baghdad.
    (AP, 8/29/15)(AP, 8/31/15)   

2015        Aug 30, The United States and its allies staged 15 airstrikes on Islamic State targets in Iraq and seven in Syria over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 8/30/15)

2015        Aug, A total of 1,325 Iraqis were killed and another 1,811 were injured in violence during the month of August including 585 civilians according to a UN report.
    (AP, 9/1/15)

2015        Sep 1, In Iraq a series of suicide attacks by the Islamic State group outside a town in Anbar province west of Baghdad killed 12 soldiers and allied Sunni militiamen. Airstrikes by the US-led alliance destroyed six IS vehicles and killed 13 militants as they approached the site.
    (AP, 9/1/15)

2015        Sep 2, In Iraq gunmen in military uniform seized 18 Turkish workers from a sports stadium they were building in northeastern Baghdad. Two of the workers were freed on Sep 15. The remaining sixteen were freed on Sep 30.
    (Reuters, 9/2/15)(AFP, 9/16/15)(AP, 9/30/15)
2015        Sep 2, In Iraq army Colonel Muthana al-Daini was shot dead near Baquba, 65 km (40 miles) east of Baghdad, in a killing his family said was politically motivated. Daini was the brother of Sunni lawmaker Nahida al-Daini, who has been outspoken in accusing Shi'ite militias of committing atrocities in Diyala province.
    (Reuters, 9/3/15)

2015        Sep 3, In Iraq at least 12 people were killed in bomb attacks in commercial and residential neighborhoods across Baghdad.
    (Reuters, 9/3/15)

2015        Sep 6, Iraq’s air force said it has put F-16 warplanes acquired from the United States into action against the Islamic State group for the first time with fifteen air strikes in the past four days.
    (AFP, 9/6/15)
2015        Sep 6, In Iraq the US-led coalition conducted 11 air strikes against the Islamic State, as well as four strikes targeting the militant group in Syria.
    (AP, 9/7/15)
2015        Sep 6, In western Iran 11 Iraqi Shiite religious pilgrims returning from Qom were killed after a bus overturned in the western province of Hamadan.
    (AP, 9/7/15)

2015        Sep 7, German media reported that Germany’s foreign intelligence agency BND has collected evidence of mustard gas use in northern Iraq by the Islamic State group.
    (AP, 9/7/15)

2015        Sep 8, In Iraq gunmen in Baghdad kidnapped Abdulkarim Fares, the acting deputy justice minister, and wounded his driver.
    (AFP, 9/8/15)
2015        Sep 8, Turkish warplanes launched a massive air operation against the outlawed Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) in northern Iraq, killing as many as 40 rebels.
    (AFP, 9/8/15)
2015        Sep 8, In Iraq US-led coalition air strikes destroyed an Islamic State operating base at a stadium near Ramadi that was a key supply hub storing weapons and explosives.
    (Reuters, 9/9/15)

2015        Sep 10, Iraqi PM Haider al-Abadi said nearly one in five workers are employed by the government, as he attempted to reform the country's bloated and often-corrupt civil service.
    (AFP, 9/10/15)

2015        Sep 11, In southeastern Turkey Kurdish militants fired on a restaurant frequented by police in Diyarbakir, killing a waiter and wounding three officers after Turkish jets bombed Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) targets in northern Iraq for a fifth straight night. Media reported that at least 60 PKK fighters were killed in the air strikes by F-16 and F-4 jets which hit 64 targets in the group's camps across the region.
    (Reuters, 9/11/15)

2015        Sep 16, US and allied forces conducted 21 air strikes in Iraq and one in Syria against Islamic State militants.
    (Reuters, 9/18/15)

2015        Sep 17, In Iraq bomb attacks claimed by the Islamic State jihadist group killed at least 23 people and wounded 68 others in Baghdad.
    (Reuters, 9/17/15)

2015        Sep 19, Iraqi officials said a suspected cholera outbreak has killed 4 people west of Baghdad, where vulnerable displaced populations have been affected by the lack of clean water.
    (AFP, 9/19/15)
2015        Sep 19, Turkey’s state-run Anatolia news agency reported that Turkish fighter jets carried out a new barrage of cross-border airstrikes this week against Kurdish militants in northern Iraq, killing at least 55 rebels.
    (AFP, 9/19/15)

2015        Sep 24, The United States and its coalition partners targeted Islamic State with 22 fresh airstrikes in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 9/25/15)

2015        Sep 26, A coalition led by the United States conducted 20 air strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and three against the militant group in Syria.
    (Reuters, 9/27/15)

2015        Sep 27, An Iraqi spokesman said Iraq, Russia, Iran and Syria have agreed to set up an intelligence committee in Baghdad aimed at sharing and analyzing information.
    (AFP, 9/27/15)

2015        Sep 29, In Iraq a suicide attack on a security checkpoint north of Baghdad, killing at least 7 people.
    (AP, 9/29/15)   

2015        Sep 30, In northern Iraq Kurdish forces attacked Islamic State in the latest of several offensives aimed at driving the militants away from the oil-rich city of Kirkuk.
    (Reuters, 9/30/15)

2015        Oct 1, In Iraq and Syria the US-led coalition conducted 28 air strikes on Islamic State targets.
    (Reuters, 10/2/15)

2015        Oct 2, In Iraq and Syria the US-led coalition targeted Islamic State insurgents in 27 air strikes.
    (Reuters, 10/3/15)

2015        Oct 3, In Iraq suicide car bomb attacks targeting two mainly Shi'ite Muslim districts of Baghdad killed at least 18 people.
    (Reuters, 10/3/15)
2015        Oct 3, In Iraq and Syria the United States and its allies carried out 16 air strikes against Islamic State militants.
    (Reuters, 10/4/15)

2015        Oct 4, The US-led coalition targeted Islamic State with 13 airstrikes in Iraq and eight in Syria.
    (Reuters, 10/5/15)

2015        Oct 5, In Iraq and Syria the United States and its allies carried out 24 air strikes on Islamic State targets.
    (Reuters, 10/6/15)

2015        Oct 6, In Iraq and Syria the United States and its allies staged 23 air strikes on Islamic State forces in the latest daily round of attacks on the militant group.
    (Reuters, 10/7/15)

2015        Oct 7, Iraqi officials said government forces have retaken several areas north and west of Ramadi as efforts to close in on the Anbar provincial capital seized by jihadists in May intensified.
    (AFP, 10/7/15)
2015        Oct 7, Kurds said Islamic State fighters fired mortar rounds containing mustard agent at peshmerga fighters in northern Iraq during clashes in August.
    (Reuters, 10/7/15)

2015        Oct 8, In Iraq 27 people were killed when mortars landed in the provincial capital of Baquba.
    (AP, 10/8/15)   
2015        Oct 8, In Iraq protesters hurled stones and scuffled with riot police in the second largest city in the Kurdish north, in the most intense show of discontent since an economic crisis hit the region. The economic crisis began in early 2014 when Baghdad slashed funds to the region, and has been exacerbated by the conflict with Islamic State and a drop in oil prices that has pushed the region to the verge of bankruptcy.
    (Reuters, 10/8/15)

2015        Oct 10, In Iraq a series of attacks around Baghdad killed 8 people and wounded nearly two dozen.
    (AP, 10/10/15)
2015        Oct 10, In Iraq thousands of people took to the streets of several towns in the Kurdistan region, urging its long-time president Massud Barzani to step down.
    (AFP, 10/10/15)

2015        Oct 11, Iraqi air forces reportedly bombed the convoy of the terrorist Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi while he was heading to Karabla to attend a meeting with Daesh commanders. Several senior figures from Islamic State were killed in the air strike. A coalition led by the United States conducted 18 air strikes against Islamic State in Iraq.
    (Reuters, 10/11/15)(Reuters, 10/12/15)

2015        Oct 12, In Finland Iraqi asylum seekers rallied in central Helsinki and signed a petition against plans to negotiate a deal with Baghdad that could lead to their deportation, arguing that their country should not be considered safe.
    (Reuters, 10/12/15)

2015        Oct 13, The United States and its allies carried out 18 air strikes on Islamic State targets in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 10/14/15)

2015        Oct 14, The United States and its allies conducted 25 air strikes on Islamic State forces in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 10/15/15)

2015        Oct 15, Iraqi forces battled the Islamic State jihadist group on separate fronts, ramping up operations to retake Baiji and Ramadi.
    (AFP, 10/15/15)
2015        Oct 15, A coalition led by the United States conducted three air strikes against Islamic State in Syria and bombarded the militant group with 21 strikes in Iraq.
    (Reuters, 10/16/15)

2015        Oct 16, Iraqi forces defused booby traps and hunted down holdout jihadists in the strategic Baiji area as part of their biggest advance against the Islamic State group in months.
    (AFP, 10/16/15)
2015        Oct 16, UN experts said the Islamic State group is paying supporters up to $10,000 for each person that they recruit to wage jihad in Syria and Iraq.
    (AFP, 10/16/15)

2015        Oct 17, Iraqi forces pressed their biggest offensive in months to resume their long-stalled northward advance and disrupt jihadist lines.
    (AFP, 10/17/15)
2015        Oct 17, The US-led coalition conducted 18 air strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and five in Syria, according to the task force organizing the military operation.
    (Reuters, 10/18/15)

2015        Oct 18, The Iraqi judiciary said it had issued an arrest warrant against Trade Minister Malas Abdulkarim al-Kasnazani and his brother on corruption charges.
    (AFP, 10/18/15)
2015        Oct 18, A US-led coalition conducted 17 air strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and also targeted the militant group in Syria with a single strike near Manbij.
    (Reuters, 10/19/15)

2015        Oct 19, US-led forces conducted 15 air strikes against Islamic State in Iraq, eight of them near the contested Sinjar area, and two air strikes in Syria.
    (Reuters, 10/20/15)

2015        Oct 20, Iraqi government troops, teamed up with paramilitary forces, drove Islamic State militants out of Beiji, a key oil refinery town north of Baghdad. About a dozen Iraqis were reported killed and 30 wounded in the fight over the last 72 hours.
    (AP, 10/20/15)
2015        Oct 20, A coalition led by the United States conducted 14 air strikes against Islamic State militants in Iraq.
    (Reuters, 10/21/15)

2015        Oct 21, The US-led coalition fighting Islamic State targeted the militant group with 22 air strikes in Syria and Iraq.
    (Reuters, 10/22/15)

2015        Oct 22, In northern Iraq the US military freed a number of Kurdish captives in a rescue mission in the vicinity of Hawija. US Master Sgt. Joshua L. Wheeler (39) was killed in the operation.
    (AP, 10/22/15)(AP, 10/23/15)
2015        Oct 22, The United States and its allies carried out 16 air strikes against Islamic State militants in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 10/23/15)

2015        Oct 23, The United States and its allies carried out 21 air strikes against Islamic State militants in Iraq.
    (Reuters, 10/24/15)

2015        Oct 24, In Iraq huge crowds of black-clad Shiite faithful massed in Karbala, crying and beating their chests to commemorate Ashura, the 7th century killing of the prophet's grandson.
    (AFP, 10/24/15)
2015        Oct 24, The US-led coalition fighting Islamic State militants in Iraq and Syria carried out 22 air strikes.
    (AP, 10/2515)

2015        Oct 25, Former British PM Tony Blair acknowledged the 2003 invasion of Iraq played a part in the rise of the Islamic State militant group, and apologized for some mistakes in planning the war.
    (Reuters, 10/2515)
2015        Oct 25, A US-led coalition conducted 15 air strikes against Islamic state in Iraq.
    (Reuters, 10/2615)

2015        Oct 26, In Iraq a suicide bomber killed 7 people, including 2 police, in an attack on a Shi'ite Muslim procession in a northern Baghdad neighborhood.
    (Reuters, 10/2615)

2015        Oct 27, The United States and its allies carried out 14 air strikes against Islamic State in Iraq.
    (Reuters, 10/28/15)

2015        Oct 28, The United States and its allies conducted 13 air strikes against Islamic State militants in Iraq.
    (Reuters, 10/29/15)

2015        Oct 29, In Iraq a barrage of rockets hit Camp Liberty, a former US military base near Baghdad housing an opposition Iranian refugee group (MEK). 3 Iraqi soldiers were killed and at least 20 Iranian exiles.
    (SFC, 10/30/15, p.A2)
2015        Oct 29, The United States and its allies conducted 11 air strikes against Islamic State militants in Iraq and one in Syria.
    (Reuters, 10/30/15)

2015        Oct 30, The US-led coalition launched seven air strikes against Islamic State targets in Syria and 14 in Iraq.
    (Reuters, 10/31/15)

2015        Oct 31, The US-led coalition conducted nine air strikes against Islamic State targets in Syria and 16 in Iraq. Air strikes by Turkish and US aircraft in Syria killed more than 50 Islamic State militants and wounded around 30.
    (Reuters, 11/1/15)

2015        Nov 1, Iraq’s health ministry said it is carrying out a major vaccination campaign to combat a cholera outbreak that has infected more than 2,200 people.
    (AFP, 11/1/15)
2015        Nov 1, The US-led coalition conducted 10 air strikes against Islamic State in Syria on Sunday and 17 in Iraq.
    (Reuters, 11/2/15)

2015        Nov 2, Iraq's parliament voted unanimously to bar the government from passing important reforms without its approval in an effort to curb PM Haider al-Abadi amid discontent over his leadership style.
    (Reuters, 11/2/15)
2015        Nov 2, Turkish airstrikes hit shelters, underground bunkers and weapon emplacements belonging to the Kurdistan Workers' Party, or PKK, in six locations in northern Iraq, including the Qandil mountains where the rebel leadership is based.
    (AP, 11/3/15)
2015        Nov 2, The United States and its allies conducted 15 air strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and seven in Syria.
    (Reuters, 11/3/15)

2015        Nov 3, In Iraq Ahmad Chalabi (71), a prominent Iraqi politician, died in Baghdad of a heart attack. He became a Pentagon favorite when he helped convince the Bush administration to overthrow Saddam Hussein in 2003 by pushing false allegations of weapons of mass destruction and links to al-Qaida.
    (AP, 11/3/15)
2015        Nov 3, The United States and its allies targeted Islamic State with 25 air strikes in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 11/4/15)

2015        Nov 5, The United States and its allies targeted Islamic State in Iraq with 14 air strikes, and also hit the militant group with nine air strikes in Syria.
    (Reuters, 11/6/15)

2015        Nov 6, In Iraq three blasts in different parts of Baghdad killed at least 6 people and wounded 18.
    (AP, 11/6/15)
2015        Nov 6, US and coalition warplanes carried out 20 air strikes against Islamic State militants in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 11/7/15)

2015        Nov 7, In Iraq bombs in and around Baghdad killed at least 9 people.
    (Reuters, 11/7/15)
2015        Nov 7, The United States and its allies conducted 31 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 11/8/15)

2015        Nov 10, In Iraq attacks in different parts of Baghdad killed at least 10 civilians.
    (AP, 11/10/15)
2015        Nov 10, The United States and its allies conducted 11 strikes against Islamic State in Syria and 17 in Iraq.
    (Reuters, 11/11/15)
2015        Nov 10, Twenty Iraqis at a Czech detention center for migrants began a hunger strike amid fears of being sent back home. By Nov 12 the number had grown to 60.
    (AFP, 11/12/15)

2015        Nov 12, Kurdish peshmerga forces started clearing parts of the northern Iraqi town of Sinjar and have established positions along an Islamic State supply route between its two main strongholds in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 11/12/15)

2015        Nov 13, Iraq's military said its forces had advanced on three fronts to begin clearing Islamic State militants from the western city of Ramadi. A suicide bomber struck a Baghdad memorial service for a Shiite militia fighter killed in battle against the Islamic State group, killing 26 people.
    (Reuters, 11/13/15)(AP, 11/13/15)
2015        Nov 13, In Iraq Kurdish peshmerga forces backed by US air strikes seized the Iraqi town of Sinjar from Islamic State.
    (Reuters, 11/13/15)
2015        Nov 13, The United States and its allies targeted Islamic State in Iraq with 20 air strikes, and also hit the militant group with seven air strikes in Syria.
    (AP, 11/14/15)

2015        Nov 15, Kurdish forces said they uncovered two mass graves outside Sinjar, a northern Iraqi town near the Syrian border that was ruled by the Islamic State group for more than a year before the extremists were driven out last week. The first grave uncovered contained 78 elderly women's bodies. The second grave contained between 50 and 60 bodies of men, women and children.
    (AP, 11/15/15)

2015        Nov 17, The US-led coalition fighting Islamic State conducted 16 air strikes in Iraq and 13 in Syria.
    (Reuters, 11/18/15)

2015        Nov 18, An international coalition led by the United States conducted 19 air strikes against Islamic State in Iraq, targeting the militant group near Kirkuk, Kisik, Mosul, Ramadi and Sinjar. The coalition targeted Islamic State in Syria with eight strikes, including four that hit tactical units and destroyed buildings near Al Hasaka. One strike near Ar Raqqa hit a storage facility.
    (Reuters, 11/19/15)

2015        Nov 19, An international coalition led by the United States targeted Islamic State in Iraq with 20 air strikes. There were no strikes in Syria.
    (Reuters, 11/20/15)

2015        Nov 20, In Iraq bomb attacks on a Shiite mosque and elsewhere in southern Baghdad killed at least 15 people as a top religious official urged unity among Iraqis in the fight against the Islamic State group.
    (AP, 11/20/15)
2015        Nov 20, Turkish army warplanes carried out a new wave of air strikes on northern Iraq hitting 23 suspected targets of the outlawed Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK).
    (AFP, 11/21/15)

2015        Nov 21, In Iraq four separate attacks in Baghdad killed 8 people and wounded 20.
    (AP, 11/21/15)
2015        Nov 21, The United States and its allies conducted 16 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and nine in Syria. The US military destroyed 283 tanker trucks used by the militants to transport oil from producing fields in eastern Syria to smuggling points.
    (Reuters, 11/22/15)(AP, 11/23/15)

2015        Nov 23, A US-led coalition targeted Islamic State in Iraq and Syria with 26 air strikes against the militant group.
    (Reuters, 11/24/15)

2015        Nov 25, The United States and its allies staged 27 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 11/26/15)

2015        Nov 26, Iraq said its forces have cut Islamic State's last supply line into the western city of Ramadi by seizing a key bridge.
    (Reuters, 11/26/15)

2015        Nov 28, The United States and its allies conducted 19 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and three in Syria.
    (Reuters, 11/29/15)

2015        Nov 29, The United States and its allies conducted 15 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 11/30/15)

2015        Nov 30, PM Haider al-Abadi said that Iraq has sufficient forces to fight the Islamic State group, after American senators called for more US troops to be deployed to the country. A suicide bomber targeted Shiite Muslims taking part in an annual pilgrimage in Baghdad, killing 9 people and wounding another 21.
    (AFP, 11/30/15)(AP, 11/30/15)
2015        Nov 30, A coalition led by the United States conducted 12 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq, and hit the militant group with a single strike in Syria.
    (Reuters, 12/1/15)

2015        Nov, Abu Saleh, the Islamic State finance chief in Iraq, was killed late this month along with two associates in a coalition air strike. The two others were identified as Abu Mariam, an enforcer and senior leader in the IS group's extortion networks, and Abu Waqman al-Tunis, who coordinated the group's transfer of people, weapons and information.
    (AFP, 12/11/15)
2015        Nov, The number of Islamic State fighters in Iraq and Syria was estimated at 30 to 100 thousand. Pentagon sources said coalition airstrikes have killed 20,000 IS fighters over the last 14 months. Coalition airstrikes against the IS this month alone numbered more than 3,000.
    (Econ, 11/21/15, p.23)(Econ, 12/12/15, p.47)

2015        Dec 1, In Iraq gunmen shot and killed prominent Sunni councilman Moahmmed Khalil al-Jubouri and his wife in the northern city of Kirkuk.
    (AP, 12/2/15)
2015        Dec 1, The United States and its allies staged 17 air strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 12/2/15)
2015        Dec 1, US Defense Secretary Ash Carter said the United States is deploying a specialized expeditionary targeting force to help Iraq put additional pressure on Islamic State and be positioned to conduct unilateral operations into Syria.
    (Reuters, 12/1/15)

2015        Dec 2, Iraqi PM Haider al-Abadi said his country does not need foreign ground troops to defeat the Islamic State group.
    (AFP, 12/2/15)
2015        Dec 2, Russia's defense ministry said it had proof that Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan and his family were benefiting from the illegal smuggling of oil from Islamic State-held territory in Syria and Iraq.
    (Reuters, 12/2/15)
2015        Dec 2, A coalition led by the United States bombarded Islamic State in Syria with 14 air strikes, and also hit the militant group in Iraq with 18 strikes.
    (Reuters, 12/3/15)

2015        Dec 3, In Iraq millions of Shiite Muslims, beating their heads and chests in mourning, packed the city of Karbala for the culmination of Arbaeen, one of the world's largest religious events.
    (AFP, 12/3/15)

2015        Dec 4, Turkish media said more than 100 Turkish soldiers have been deployed to an area near the northern Iraqi city of Mosul, which is under Islamic State control, to replace a unit providing training to Iraqi troops.
    (AFP, 12/4/15)
2015        Dec 4, The United States and its allies targeted Islamic State with 12 strikes in Iraq and 11 in Syria.
    (Reuters, 12/5/15)
2015        Dec 4, The UN human rights office in Iraq said that it has received reports of 16 mass graves discovered near the town of Sinjar after it was liberated from the Islamic State group last month.
    (SFC, 12/5/15, p.A5)

2015        Dec 5, Iraqi President Fouad Massoum called the deployment of several hundred Turkish troops inside Iraq near the northern city of Mosul "a violation of international norms and law".
    (Reuters, 12/5/15)
2015        Dec 5, The United States and its allies conducted 17 air strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and 12 in Syria.
    (Reuters, 12/6/15)

2015        Dec 7, Turkey said it would not withdraw hundreds of soldiers who arrived last week at a base in northern Iraq, despite being ordered by Baghdad to pull them out within 48 hours.
    (AP, 12/7/15)

2015        Dec 8, Iraqi security forces recaptured a large part of the city of Ramadi from the Islamic State group.
    (AFP, 12/8/15)
2015        Dec 8, The United States and its allies staged 26 air strikes against the Islamic State militant group in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 12/9/15)

2015        Dec 9, Turkey said its fighter jets carried out a new barrage of air strikes against Kurdish rebels in northern Iraq overnight.
    (AFP, 12/9/15)
2015        Dec 9, The United States and its allies conducted 23 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 12/10/15)

2015        Dec 10, Iraqi security forces have made advances on two fronts in the city of Ramadi, clearing Islamic State militants from a key military command base and a sprawling neighborhood on its western edge.
    (Reuters, 12/10/15)
2015        Dec 10, Finnish police said they have arrested two Iraqi brothers believed to have been members of the Islamic State group in Iraq and suspected of fatally shooting "11 unarmed and defenseless prisoners" in June 2014.
    (AP, 12/10/15)
2015        Dec 10, The United States and its allies staged 25 air strikes against the Islamic State militant group in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 12/11/15)

2015        Dec 11, President Tayyip Erdogan declared he would not bow to Iraqi demands he withdraw Turkish troops from a camp close to the Islamic State-held city of Mosul. Baghdad said it would ask the UN Security Council to order them to leave.
    (Reuters, 12/11/15)
2015        Dec 11, The United States and its allies targeted Islamic State with 12 strikes in Iraq and five in Syria.
    (Reuters, 12/12/15)

2015        Dec 12, Thousands of Iraqis protested against Ankara's deployment of troops to a base near the northern city of Mosul.
    (Reuters, 12/12/15)
2015        Dec 12, In Iraq at least 6 border guards were killed when a suicide bomber drove a truck packed with explosives into an outpost near the border with Saudi Arabia in an attack claimed by Islamic State.
    (Reuters, 12/12/15)

2015        Dec 13, The United States and its allies conducted 16 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 12/14/15)

2015        Dec 14, In Iraq gunmen in Kirkuk shot dead a senior employee of the state-run North Oil Company (NOC), the third company official to be killed in the past four months.
    (Reuters, 12/14/15)
2015        Dec 14, Turkey said it withdrew some of its soldiers from a camp in Iraq, days after Iraq had demanded that Turkish troops immediately leave its territory.
    (AP, 12/14/15)

2015        Dec 15, The French air force used its first cruise missiles against Islamic State group targets. The jets targeted buildings in the Al-Qaim area of western Iraq.
    (AFP, 12/15/15)
2015        Dec 15, The United States and its allies staged a fresh round of air strikes against Islamic State, with six in Syria and 11 in Iraq.
    (Reuters, 12/16/15)

2015        Dec 16, In southern Iraq gunmen kidnapped at least 26 Qatari hunters, the second high-profile abduction of foreigners in the country in three months. At least nine of the hunting group managed to escape and crossed into Kuwait.
    (AFP, 12/16/15)(Reuters, 12/17/15)
2015        Dec 16, As many as 69 Canadian special forces took part in a 17-hour counteroffensive east of Mosul. Two CF-18 fighter jets, along with US, British and French warplanes, launched airstrikes.
    (AFP, 12/18/15)
2015        Dec 16, PM Matteo Renzi said Italy will deploy 450 troops near the front line with Islamic State militants in Iraq to protect workers carrying out repairs to the Mosul hydro-electric dam, the country's biggest.
    (Reuters, 12/16/15)
2015        Dec 16, The United States and its allies conducted 18 air strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 12/17/15)

2015        Dec 17, The United States and its allies conducted 22 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 12/18/15)

2015        Dec 18, The United States and its allies staged 20 strikes against Islamic State militants in Iraq and Syria, including one near the Iraqi city of Fallujah that is being investigated as a possible friendly fire incident. The Iraqi Defense Ministry said an Iraqi officer was killed and nine injured by a coalition air strike near Amariyat al-Fallujah.
    (Reuters, 12/19/15)(SFC, 12/19/15, p.A2)

2015        Dec 19, Turkey said it would "continue" to pull its troops out of northern Iraq after US President Barack Obama urged President Recep Tayyip Erdogan to do so in order to de-escalate tensions with Baghdad over the deployment.
    (AFP, 12/19/15)

2015        Dec 20, Iraqi military planes dropped leaflets on Ramadi, asking residents to leave within 72 hours the western city which is under the control of Islamic State militants.
    (Reuters, 12/20/15)
2015        Dec 20, The United States and its allies conducted 15 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 12/21/15)

2015        Dec 22, Iraq's armed forces stormed the center of Ramadi, in a drive to dislodge Islamic State militants from their remaining stronghold in a city they captured in May.
    (Reuters, 12/22/15)

2015        Dec 23, In Iraq a wave of attacks across the country killed at least 15 civilians as government forces pressed on with their offensive to dislodge Islamic State militants from a major city west of Baghdad.
    (AP, 12/23/15)
2015        Dec 23, The United States and its allies conducted 18 air strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and six in Syria.
    (Reuters, 12/24/15)

2015        Dec 24, In Iraq US-led coalition warplanes pounded positions held by Islamic State in the western city of Ramadi.
    (Reuters, 12/24/15)
2015        Dec 24, The United States and its allies conducted 31 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 12/25/15)

2015        Dec 25, The United States hit Islamic State group targets in Iraq and Syria with 17 airstrikes on Christmas Day.
    (AP, 12/26/15)

2015        Dec 26, The United States and its allies conducted 28 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and five in Syria. Abdul Qader Hakim, who facilitated the militants' external operations and had links to the Nov 13 Paris attack network, was killed in Mosul by a US-led coalition air strike.
    (Reuters, 12/27/15)(Reuters, 12/29/15)

2015        Dec 27, Iraqi forces took control of the government complex in central Ramadi, the last Islamic State stronghold in the western city.
    (Reuters, 12/27/15)
2015        Dec 27, The United States and its allies conducted 37 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 12/28/15)

2015        Dec 28, The United States and its allies targeted Islamic State with 31 air strikes in their latest daily operations against the militant group in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 12/29/15)

2015        Dec 29, The United States and its allies staged 28 air strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 12/30/15)

2015        Dec 30, The US-led coalition carried out 24 strikes against Islamic State militants, in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 12/31/15)

2015        Dec 31, The United States and its allies conducted 24 air strikes against Islamic State in Iraq.
    (Reuters, 1/1/16)

2015        Journalists Hassan Hassan and Michael Weiss authored "ISIS: Inside the Army of Terror." The authors spoke to dozens of fighters and members of the group to understand its allure and how it justifies its brutal tactics.
    (AFP, 2/5/15)
2015        Zackeray Hearn authored “The Emergence of Modern Shiism: Islamic Reform in Iraq and Iran."
    (Econ, 7/25/15, p.69)

2016        Jan 1, In Iraq Islamic State militants launched suicide attacks in the western city of Ramadi days after troops drove them out of the city center.
    (AP, 1/2/16)

2016        Jan 2, The United States and its allies conducted 26 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 1/3/16)

2016        Jan 3, In Iraq suicide attackers from the Islamic State group killed at least 12 Iraqi forces in a brazen attack on police training at Speicher base, near Tikrit. Police managed to kill 7 attackers but 3 were able to detonate their suicide vests.
    (AFP, 1/3/16)

2016        Jan 4, Islamic State militants attacked Iraqi troops and allied tribal fighters outside the western town of Haditha, killing at least 11 and wounding dozens. In central Iraq overnight blasts rocked two Sunni mosques, amid fears of renewed sectarian strife following Saudi Arabia's execution of a prominent Shiite cleric.
    (AP, 1/4/16)(AFP, 1/4/16)

2016        Jan 6, Iraqi officials said the Islamic State group has stepped up attacks on the western town of Haditha, where at least 45 Iraqi security forces and Sunni tribal fighters have been killed in clashes over the past three days and another 30 wounded.
    (AP, 1/6/16)
2016        Jan 6, The United States and its allies staged 36 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 1/7/16)

2016        Jan 7, In Iraq clashes between a joint Turkish-Iraqi force and Islamic State militants near the Bashiqa camp training camp outside the city of Mosul reportedly left at least 18 IS fighters dead. The commander of the training camp, Maj Gen. Mohammed Yahya, said there were no such clashes.
    (AP, 1/8/16)
2016        Jan 7, The US-led coalition launched 23 air strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and three in Syria.
    (Reuters, 1/8/16)

2016        Jan 9, Iraqi PM Haider al-Abadi pledged to stamp out corruption this year amid criticism from the nation's highest Shi'ite cleric, Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani, that his government has done little to combat graft.
    (Reuters, 1/9/16)
2016        Jan 9, In northern Iraq 9 fighters from a Shi'ite Muslim militia battling Islamic State were killed when an Iraqi army aviation drone opened fire on mistaken coordinates.
    (Reuters, 1/10/16)
2016        Jan 9, The US-led coalition conducted 11 air strikes against Islamic State forces in Syria and 15 in Iraq.
    (Reuters, 1/10/16)

2016        Jan 11, In Iraq 5 people were killed and 12 others wounded when a car bomb claimed by Islamic State went off in a crowded Baghdad market area. 4-7 gunmen charged into the Jawhara shopping mall in eastern Baghdad after a car bomb exploded outside. 18 people were killed in the mall attack. The two blasts were claimed by the Islamic State. A double-suicide bombing in Muqdadiyah killed 24 people.
    (Reuters, 1/11/16)(Reuters, 1/12/16)(SFC, 1/13/16, p.A2)
2016        Jan 11, The United States and its allies conducted 23 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 1/12/16)

2016        Jan 12, In Iraq a suicide bomber attacked a police convoy near Baquba, critically wounding a senior police officer and killing 3 other members of the security forces. 2 Iraqi journalists were killed outside Baquba. At least seven Sunni mosques and dozens of shops were firebombed in the east.
    (Reuters, 1/12/16)

2016        Jan 13, Iraq sent an armored army division and a police strike force into the southern oil city of Basra to disarm residents amid intensified feuding among rival Shi'ite Muslim tribes.
    (Reuters, 1/15/16)
2016        Jan 13, The US-led coalition conducted 20 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 1/14/16)

2016        Jan 14, In northern Iraq early-morning attacks by the Islamic State on Tal Kusaiba village killed the police station chief and his guard along with nine fighters from a powerful Shi'ite militia and Sunni tribal force. The Iraqi army retook Tal Kusaiba hours later in a counter- attack.
    (Reuters, 1/14/16)
2016        Jan 14, In northern Iraq French warplanes bombed overnight an Islamic State communications hub near Mosul.
    (AFP, 1/14/16)

2016        Jan 15, In Iraq unknown gunmen seized three American citizens from a private apartment in the southeastern Dora district of Baghdad.
    (Reuters, 1/18/16)

2016        Jan 18, The United States and its allies staged two dozen strikes against the Islamic State militant group in Syria and Iraq.
    (Reuters, 1/19/16)

2016        Jan 19, The UN said the number of civilians killed in violence in Iraq over the past two years is "staggering", with at least 18,802 people killed and another 36,245 injured. The figures count only documented casualties from January 1, 2014, through October 31, 2015, and the actual numbers were likely far higher.
    (AFP, 1/19/16)
2016        Jan 19, The UN said an estimated 3,500 people, mainly women and children, are being held as slaves in Iraq by Islamic State militants.
    (Reuters, 1/19/16)
2016        Jan 19, The United States and its allies conducted 14 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq, focused in Ramadi where a half dozen strikes hit multiple targets.
    (Reuters, 1/20/16)

2016        Jan 20, Amnesty International released a report saying Iraqi Kurdish forces are deliberately destroying Arab villages under their control. The group also found that Arab civilians were barred from returning to their villages by Kurdish forces.
    (AP, 1/20/16)
2016        Jan 20, The US-led coalition staged 16 strikes in Iraq and Syria targeting the against Islamic State militant group.
    (Reuters, 1/21/16)

2016        Jan 24, The United States and its allies staged 19 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria in the coalition's latest round of daily attacks on the militant group.
    (Reuters, 1/25/16)

2016        Jan 25, The Czech PM Bohuslav Sobotka said his government has approved a plan to donate further weapons and ammunition to Iraq and also ammunition to Jordan to help them fight Islamic State militants.
    (AP, 1/25/16)
2016        Jan 25, The coalition of the United States and its allies conducted 18 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 1/26/16)

2016        Jan 26, Iraqi security forces found a mass grave in Ramadi containing the remains of at least 18 people killed by the Islamic State group.
    (AFP, 1/26/16)

2016        Jan 27, In western Iraq a series of suicide attacks killed at least 4 security forces and wounded ten others in al-Baghdadi, in Anbar province.
    (AP, 1/27/16)

2016        Jan 29, In Iraq a pipeline for gas used to generate around half the electricity for the northern Kurdistan region was blown up, knocking out power. It was not immediately clear who was behind the attack.
    (Reuters, 1/29/16)

2016        Jan 30, The Islamic State group released a video purporting to show a French-speaking jihadist threatening attacks against the West and executing so-called apostates and spies in Iraq. At the end of the almost eight-minute video, the speaker and other IS fighters shoot dead five kneeling men in orange jumpsuits.
    (AFP, 1/30/16)

2016        Jan 31, The UN launched an appeal for $861 million in international humanitarian assistance to help millions of people in Iraq who are suffering from war and displacement.
    (AFP, 1/31/16)

2016        Feb 3, Iraqi Kurdish leader Massud Barzani declared that the "time has come" for the country's Kurds to hold a referendum on statehood, a move likely to raise tensions with Baghdad.
    (AFP, 2/3/16)

2016        Feb 4, In Iraq a string of roadside bombs and a shooting left 9 people dead and 33 wounded across Baghdad.
    (AP, 2/4/16)

2016        Feb 7, The United States and its allies conducted ten strikes against Islamic State militants in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 2/8/16)

2016        Feb 9, Iraqi forces recaptured territory from Islamic State militants which links the recently recaptured city of Ramadi to a major army base in western Iraq.
    (Reuters, 2/9/16)
2016        Feb 9, Protests intensified in Iraq's Kurdistan region after the government unveiled new austerity measures to avert an economic collapse that officials warn could undermine the war effort against Islamic State.
    (Reuters, 2/9/16)

2016        Feb 13, Powerful Iraqi Shi'ite Muslim cleric Moqtada al-Sadr said the country needed a technocratic government, threatening to quit politics if PM Haider al-Abadi failed to carry out promised reforms.
    (Reuters, 2/13/16)

2016        Feb 16, An Iraqi army helicopter crashed due to a technical malfunction during a routine flight, killing all 9 crew members.
    (Reuters, 2/16/16)

2016        Feb 17, In Turkey a car laden with explosives detonated next to military buses as they waited at traffic lights near the armed forces' headquarters, parliament and government buildings in the administrative heart of Ankara. 28 people were killed. Within hours, Turkish warplanes bombed bases in northern Iraq of the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK), which PM Davutoglu accused of collaborating in the car bombing.
    (Reuters, 2/18/16)
2016        Feb 17, The United States and its allies conducted 19 air strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 2/18/16)

2016        Feb 18, An Iraqi court sentenced 40 men to hang over the June 2014 massacre by Sunni jihadists and allied militants of hundreds of military recruits in Tikrit.
    (AFP, 2/18/16)
2016        Feb 18, An Iraqi militia group said the government has decided to cut the number of state-financed paramilitary forces due to a shortage of funds as the international oil price declines.
    (AP, 2/18/16)   

2016        Feb 19, The United States and its allies targeted Islamic State militants in Iraq with 16 strikes and nine in Syria.
    (AFP, 2/20/16)

2016        Feb 20, Iraqi tribesmen battled Islamic State group militants inside their Fallujah stronghold for a second day, a significant challenge to longstanding jihadist control that may be undermined by a lack of supplies.
    (AFP, 2/20/16)

2016        Feb 24, The United States and its allies said they have conducted 18 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 2/24/16)

2016        Feb 28, In Iraq a double bombing in Baghdad claimed by the IS group killed 73 people in the Shiite district of Sadr City. Iraqi PM Haider al-Abadi warned residents along the Tigris river of a possible collapse of the Mosul Dam and asked residents along the Tigris river to move at least six kilometers (3.7 miles) away from its banks.
    (AP, 2/29/16)
2016        Feb 28, The United States and its allies conducted 24 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 2/29/16)

2016        Feb 29, In Iraq a suicide bomber struck a funeral, killing at least 38 people, including a local Shiite militia leader, in Muqdadiyah. Late in the day four Islamic State group suicide bombers infiltrated an army headquarters in Haditha, killing Staff Brigadier General Ali Aboud, Lieutenant Colonel Farhan Ibrahim and four others.
    (AP, 2/29/16)    (AFP, 3/1/16)(SFC, 3/1/16, p.A2)
2016        Feb 29, The US-led coalition conducted 27 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria in its latest round of daily attacks.
    (Reuters, 3/1/16)

2016        Feb, In northern Iraq US special forces captured the head of the Islamic State group's unit trying to develop chemical weapons in a raid last month. Sleiman Daoud al-Afari had worked for Saddam Hussein's now-dissolved Military Industrialization Authority where he specialized in chemical and biological weapons.
    (AP, 3/9/16)

2016        Mar 1, In Iraq separate attacks in and around Baghdad killed at least 13 people and wounded 31 others.
    (AP, 3/1/16)
2016        Mar 1, The United States and its allies staged 21 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 3/2/16)

2016        Mar 2, Iraq signed a deal with an Italian company to repair and maintain its largest dam, near the northern, Islamic State-held city of Mosul.
    (AP, 3/2/16)
2016        Mar 2, The US and its allies in Iraq and Syria staged 29 strikes against Islamic State.
    (Reuters, 3/3/16)

2016        Mar 3, The United States and its allies conducted 14 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 3/4/16)

2016        Mar 4, Iraq's influential Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr has reiterated calls for government reform as thousands rallied across the country in his support.
    (AP, 3/4/16)
2016        Mar 4, It was reported that a two-day UN assessment this week in Iraq found that nearly every building in Ramadi had been damaged or destroyed in frontline areas. In other districts, one in three or four buildings were damaged. Islamic State fighters still held pockets in the northern and eastern outskirts.
    (Reuters, 3/4/16)
2016        Mar 4, The United States and its allies targeted Islamic State militants in Iraq with 12 strikes and two in Syria. Abu Omar al-Shishani, also known as Omar the Chechen and described by the Pentagon as the group's "minister of war", was targeted near the town of al-Shadadi in Syria. Al-Shishani was critica