Timeline Northern Ireland

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 Belfast is a seaport and the capital of Northern Ireland.
    (WUD, 1994 p.135)

1689        Mar, In Northern Ireland the gates of Londonderry were shut in the face of Catholic forces. The event was later celebrated by the Protestant Apprentice Boys as the Lundy’s Day demonstration. [see August 1, 1689]
    (SFEC,12/14/97, p.A26)

1689        Aug 1, A siege of Londonderry, Ireland, by the Catholic Army of King James II ended in failure. The Protestants were victorious and the event led to the annual Apprentice Boy’s March. The group is named in honor of 13 teenage apprentices, all Protestants, who bolted the city gates in front of the advancing Catholic forces at the start of the 105-day siege.
    (SFEC, 8/11/96, p.A13)(HN, 8/1/98)(AP, 8/13/06)

1690        Jul 1, England's Protestant King William III of Orange was victorious over his father-in-law, the Catholic King James II (from Scot) in Battle of Boyne (in Ireland). This touched off three centuries of religious bloodshed. Protestants took over the Irish Parliament. This marked the beginning of the annual Drumcree parade, held by the Loyal Orange Lodge on the first Sunday of July. Due to calendar changes in 1752 this later became commemorated on Jul 12.
    (PC, 1992, p.265)(WSJ, 7/11/96, p.A1)(SFEC, 12/22/96, Z1 p.6)(SFEC, 7/4/99, p.A18)

1690        Jul 12,  Due to British calendar changes in 1752, the July 1, 1690, Battle of Boyne (in Ireland) was adjusted for celebration on Jul 12.
    (SFEC, 9/27/98, BR p.5)(AP, 7/11/05)

1795        The Loyal Orange Institution was established in Portadown to proclaim Protestant ascendancy. The Orange Order was founded as a force for uniting disparate Protestant denominations under one anti-Catholic banner. It was instrumental in creating Northern Ireland in 1921 shortly before the predominantly Catholic rest of Ireland won independence from Britain.
    (SFEC, 12/22/96, Z1 p.6)(SFC, 7/12/99, p.A19)(AP, 7/12/13)

1867        May 26, Mary, queen of Great Britain-North Ireland, was born.
    (MC, 5/26/02)

1884        Roger Casement of Ulster joined an expedition up the Congo River led by Henry Morton Stanely. After 20 years in Africa he became the leading figure in an int’l. campaign to denounce the abuses committed by the Congo’s Belgian colonizers.
    (Econ, 7/7/12, p.75)

1914        Jul 20, Armed resistance against British rule began in Ulster.
    (MC, 7/20/02)

1916        Jun 29, Sir Roger David Casement, the Irish-born diplomat knighted by King George V in 1911, was convicted of treason for his role in Ireland's Easter Rebellion, and sentenced to death. He had been caught on an Irish beach during a foiled attempt to 20,000 German rifles.
    (www.firstworldwar.com/bio/casement.htm)(Econ, 7/7/12, p.75)

1916        Aug 3, Roger Casement, knighted for his service in the Congo, was hanged at London’s Pentonville Prison for his activities on behalf of Irish independence.
    (SFEM, 8/16/98, p.12)(www.firstworldwar.com/bio/casement.htm)

1918        Sep 17, Chaim Herzog (d.1997), president (Israel, 1983-93), was born in Belfast.
    (www.pmo.gov.il/PMOEng/Government/Memorial/Presidents/Hertsog.htm)

1920        Dec 23, Ireland was divided into 2 parts, each with its own parliament. An act of British Parliament split Northern Ireland from Ireland.
    (SFC, 6/18/96, p.A8)(MC, 12/23/01)

1921        Jun 7, James Craig (1871-1940) became the first prime minister of Northern Ireland and served until his death in 1940.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prime_Minister_of_Northern_Ireland)

1921        Jul 8, Great Britain and Ireland agreed to end hostilities after centuries of strife. In December British and Irish representatives signed a treaty in London providing for creation of an Irish Free State a year later on the same date. Southern Ireland was granted independence and 6 counties in Northern Ireland remained part of the UK.
    (SFC, 10/14/99, p.C5)(AP, 12/6/06)

1921        Dec 6, British and Irish representatives signed a treaty in London providing for creation of an Irish Free State a year later on the same date. The partition created Northern Ireland. [see Jul 8] Ireland’s 26 southern counties became independent from Britain forming the Irish Free State.
    (HN, 12/6/00)(AP, 12/6/06)

1931        Lady Caroline Blackwood was born in Northern Ireland. She later married British painter Lucian Freud, American composer Israel Citkowitz, and American poet Robert Lowell. In 2001 Nancy Schoenberger authored “Dangerous Muse: The Life of Lady Caroline Blackwood.”
    (SSFC, 7/15/01, DB p.61)

1932        May 20, Amelia Earhart took off from Newfoundland to become the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic. Because of weather and equipment problems, Earhart set down in Northern Ireland after 13 ˝ hours instead of her intended destination, France.
    (HFA, '96, p.30)(HN, 5/20/01)(AP, 5/20/07)(ON, 12/07, p.9)

1939        Jun, In Britain 50 letter bombs exploded in postboxes and post offices in London, Birmingham and Manchester. The IRA claimed responsibility as part of their S-Plan campaign.
    (Econ, 11/6/10, p.74)

1939        Nov 18, The Irish Republican Army exploded three bombs in Piccadilly Circus.
    (HN, 11/18/98)

1942        Jan 26, The first American expeditionary force to go to Europe during World War II went ashore in Northern Ireland.
    (AP, 1/26/98)(HN, 1/26/99)

1942        In Northern Ireland Joe Cahill and 5 other IRA members were sentenced to death for the killing of a police officer. Tom Williams was hanged and the rest had their sentences commuted to life. Cahill was freed in 1949.
    (SFC, 7/26/04, p.B4)

1947        Sep 14, Sam Neill, actor (Jurassic Park, Dead Calm, Piano), was born in Omagh, Northern Ireland.
    (http://entertainment.msn.com)

1948        Dec 21, The state of Eire (formerly the Irish Free State) declared its independence.
    (AP, 12/21/97)

1949        May 17, The British House of Commons adopted the Ireland Bill that recognized the independence of the Republic of Ireland, but affirmed the position of Northern Ireland within the United Kingdom.
    (EWH, 1968, p.1166)

1951        Ian Paisley, the son of a Baptist minister, founded the Free Presbyterians during a conflict with Presbyterian leaders over whether he could lead an evangelical mission.
    (AP, 9/9/07)

1953        Mar 24, Mary (85), queen of Great Britain and North Ireland, died.
    (MC, 3/24/02)

1962        Chinese immigrants began to arrive in Northern Ireland. By 1996 they began experiencing racial prejudice and violence against their businesses, mostly in the form of robberies.
    (SFC, 6/30/96, A11)

1963        Sep 3, Louis MacNeice (b.1907), northern Irish poet, died. His name was often subsumed under the collective name of Macspaunday, which referred to the generation of politically-committed 1930s poets: MacNeice, Stephen Spender, W.H. Auden and C. Day-Lewis. MacNeice’s collected poems were published in 2007.
    (Econ, 9/29/07, p.89)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_MacNeice)

1966        May 7, In Northern Ireland a group of loyalists led by Gusty Spence (1933-2011) petrol bombed a Catholic-owned pub on Shankill Road, Belfast. Fire also engulfed the house next door, killing the elderly Protestant widow who lived there.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ulster_Volunteer_Force)

1966        May 21, In Northern Ireland a group calling itself the "Ulster Volunteer Force" issued the following statement: “From this day, we declare war against the Irish Republican Army and its splinter groups. Known IRA men will be executed mercilessly and without hesitation. Less extreme measures will be taken against anyone sheltering or helping them, but if they persist in giving them aid, then more extreme methods will be adopted... we solemnly warn the authorities to make no more speeches of appeasement. We are heavily armed Protestants dedicated to this cause.”
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ulster_Volunteer_Force)

1966        May 27, In Northern Ireland 4 Ulster Volunteer Force men were sent to kill an IRA volunteer, Leo Martin, who lived on Falls Road. Unable to find their target, the men drove around in search of a Catholic. They shot dead John Scullion, a civilian, as he walked home.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ulster_Volunteer_Force)

1966        Jun 26, The pro-British Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF), killed a Catholic civilian. Gusty Spence (1933-2011), one of the UVF founders, was charged with the murder, but the charges were dropped. The UVF had "declared war" on the Irish Republican Army (IRA), which wanted Northern Ireland to sever its connection to Britain and unite with the Republic of Ireland.
    (AP, 9/25/11)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ulster_Volunteer_Force)

1966        Oct, In Northern Ireland Gusty Spence was given life in prison for the murder of an 18 year-old Catholic barman, Peter Ward. In his 18 years behind bars, Spence turned away from violence and on his release became involved in politics.
    (AP, 9/25/11)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gusty_Spence)

1968        Oct 5, Catholic demonstrators in Londonderry, Northern Ireland, clashed with police.
    (http://tinyurl.com/n9nhn)(SFC, 6/18/96, p.A8)

1969        Apr, In England Bernadette Devlin (b.1947) of Northern Ireland became the youngest woman ever elected to British Parliament. Her 1969 book, “The Price of My Soul,” did much to publicize widespread discrimination against Roman Catholics in Northern Ireland.
    (SFEC, 3/23/97,  p.A15)(www.socialistworker.co.uk/art.php?id=6234)

1969        Aug 12, In Northern Ireland the Apprentice Boys, a Protestant fraternal group, led a parade that ignited rioting in the Bogside section of Londonderry, that led to the bloody period known as The Troubles. Loyalists attacks on Catholic areas set off rioting in Belfast. Eight people died and British troops were sent in. The Provisional Irish Republican Army began a 25-year sniping and bombing campaign.
    (SFC, 8/10/96, p.A8)(SFEC, 12/22/96, Z1 p.7)(http://tinyurl.com/ddovv8)

1969        Aug 14, British troops arrived in Northern Ireland to intervene in sectarian violence between Protestants and Roman Catholics. The outlawed Irish Republican Army came into Northern Ireland to protect and encourage Catholics and the Provisional IRA soon began terrorist actions against the British troops and Protestant civilians. This culminated in an attack on the Bogside which started on August 12 and ended Aug 14. Some 500 houses were burned to the ground, 1,500 people forced from their homes, and 9 people murdered.
    (SFC, 6/18/96, p.A8)(AP, 8/14/97)(HNQ, 8/17/99)

1969        Dec, The modern Irish Republican Army was founded in Belfast with the aim of forcing Northern Ireland out of the United Kingdom. The modern “provisional wing of the IRA” was founded with Joe Cahill (1920-2004) as the 1st Belfast commander. The original IRA was founded in 1919.
    (SFC, 7/26/04, p.B4)(AP, 7/29/05)

1969        The current "troubles" began. Loyalists attacks on Catholic areas set off rioting in Belfast. Eight people died and British troops were sent in. The Provisional Irish Republican Army began a 25-year sniping and bombing campaign.
    (SFEC, 12/22/96, Z1 p.7)

1970        The Irish Republican Army (IRA) split between more Marxist officials and soon-to-be dominant Provisionals.
    (SSFC, 9/14/03, p.M3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Irish_Republicanism_in_Northern_Ireland)

1970-1997    The IRA killed 1,775 people and wounded more than 20,000 others during this period in hopes of forcing Northern Ireland out of the United Kingdom and into the Irish Republic.
    (AP, 4/26/07)

1971        Aug 9, British begin internment without trial in Northern Ireland when almost 300 men were arrested and interned under the Special Powers Act in dawn swoops that ended around  August 14th. Not one unionist extremist was interned. Word soon got out of the internment camps that the men were being routinely mistreated and tortured. Sectarian attacks continued, supported by the British army. These actions and other repressive actions by the British administration of the time lead to the peaceful march which turned bloody on  30 January 1972, now known as Bloody Sunday.
    (SFC, 1/30/97, p.A18)(www.bloodysundaytrust.org/eduintern.htm)

1971        Nov 10, Two women were tarred and feathered in Belfast for dating British soldiers. In Londonderry, Northern Ireland, a Catholic girl was tarred and feathered for her intention of marrying a British soldier.
    (HN, 11/10/98)

1971        In Northern Ireland Ian Paisley founded the uncompromising Democratic Unionist Party. He was virulently anti-Catholic and sought the military defeat of the IRA.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Democratic_Unionist_Party)(SFC, 4/11/98, p.A8)

1972        Jan 30, In Londonderry (Derry), Northern Ireland, British troops fired on a civil rights march in the Bloody Sunday massacre. 13-14 people were killed by soldiers of the First Parachute Regiment, six of whom were only 17. The British embassy in Dublin was burned down. One man who was photographed being arrested and taken into a British army Saracen was later found shot dead. The march, which was called to protest internment, was "illegal" according to British government authorities. Internment without trial was introduced by the British government on August 9, 1971. The British government-appointed Widgery Tribunal found soldiers were not guilty of killing the 13 marchers. The 1997 book “Eyewitness Bloody Sunday” by Don Mullan included 113 accounts by participants and bystanders. In 1998 an independent commission said that the identities of the soldiers would not be protected. In 2001 Martin McGuinness admitted that he was 2nd in command of the IRA at the time of the massacre. The Saville Inquiry heard its last oral testimony in 2004. A report in 2010, 12 years in the making, blamed British soldiers for the killings.
    (SFEC, 12/22/96, Z1p.7)(SFC, 1/30/97, p.A18)(SFEM, 1/18/98, p.11)(SFC, 12/18/98, p.D4)(SFC, 5/1/01, p.A8)(Econ, 2/14/04, p.51)(SFC, 6/16/10, p.A2)

1972        Mar 24, Great Britain imposed direct rule over Northern Ireland. The province’s parliament was suspended at the height of sectarian violence.
    (HN, 3/24/98)(SFC, 4/11/98, p.A1)

1972        Jul 21, A total of 22 IRA-bombs exploded in Belfast killing 9 people including two soldiers. 130 civilians were injured in what came to be called Bloody Friday.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bloody_Friday_(1972))

1972        Jul 31, The British army launched "Operation Motorman" to regain control of Catholic parts of Belfast and Londonderry that had been closed off by IRA road barricades since 1971.  An IRA attack followed in Claudy, Northern Ireland, and 3 car bombs killed 9 people. In 2002 a court case was reopened following allegations that Rev. Jim Chesney (d.1980), a deceased Roman Catholic priest, had led the Claudy attack. In 2010 a new report said the British government and the Roman Catholic church colluded to cover up the involvement of Rev. Jim Chesney.
    (AP, 10/1/02)(AP, 11/29/05)(AP, 8/24/10)(Econ, 8/28/10, p.46)

1972        Dec 7, Jean McConville was abducted from her home in Belfast and was never seen alive again. Her 10 children were put into foster care. In 1999 the IRA admitted responsibility and revealed the general location of her body. Her body was found in Aug, 2003.
    (SFEC, 5/30/99, p.A17)(AP, 11/1/03)

1972        Sean O’Callaghan (18), IRA member, was arrested for the first time. He was a bomb instructor for the IRA at the time.
    (SFC, 3/1/97, p.C2)
1972        In Northern Ireland some 500 people were killed as the period of Troubles peaked.
    (Econ, 3/29/14, p.62)

1973        Feb 25, In Northern Ireland Gordon Gallagher (9) stumbled across an IRA bomb while playing in his backyard in Londonderry. In 2012 The IRA admitted responsibility and apologized for killing the boy after his parents called publicly for Sinn Fein politician Martin McGuinness, the former IRA commander in Londonderry, to tell them who planted a bomb in their children's play area and why.
    (AP, 2/24/12)

1973        Mar 8, In London a bomb inside a parked car exploded in front of the Old Bailey near Trafalgar Square. It hurled nearby vehicles into the air, wrecked a pub and smashed hundreds of windows. Marian Price and her sister Dolores (d.2013) were among 9 people convicted over the bombing, which killed one person and left almost 200 others injured. Jerry Kelly was convicted of causing explosions and conspiracy to cause explosions after he planted four car bombs in London in March 1973. Dolores received early parole in 1980. She alleged that Gerry Adams was her IRA commander in Belfast in the early 1970s and was involved in ordering several Catholic civilians to be abducted, executed and buried in secret.
    (AP, 11/17/09)(http://tinyurl.com/yfzl7th)(AP, 1/24/13)

1973        Nov 22, Britain announced a plan for moderate Protestants and Catholics to share power in Northern Ireland.
    (HN, 11/22/98)

1973        Shaun Herron authored “The Whore-Mother,” a novel about the Troubles in Northern Ireland.
    (WSJ, 10/28/06, p.P12)
1973        The Irish Navy caught Joe Cahill as he tried to smuggle 5 tons of Russian-made explosives, guns and ammunition from Libya.
    (SFC, 7/26/04, p.B4)
1973         Kathleen Feeney (14) was killed in Londonderry, Northern Ireland. The IRA long insisted that British soldiers killed her, but in 2005 they apologized for her death, which took place during a botched ambush on a British patrol.
    (AP, 6/24/05)

1974        May 17, In Northern Ireland three cars exploded amidst crowds of Dublin shoppers and commuters walking toward a train station. A fourth detonated about an hour later outside a pub in the border town of Monaghan. In 2007 an investigation into the bombings was finally completed by lawyer Patrick MacEntee. The government had tasked MacEntee in 2005 with finding out why Ireland's national police force, the Garda Siochana, closed down its investigation in 1974 and failed to follow up important leads.
    (AP, 3/13/07)
 
1974        May 29, Northern Ireland was brought under direct rule from Westminster.
    (www.uhb.fr/langues/cei/nicons74.htm)

1974        Aug 23, In Northern Ireland Sean O'Callaghan, IRA member, and 2 other teenagers gunned down police inspector Peter Flanagan in Broderick's Bar in Omagh. O'Callaghan later served 8 years of a 539-year terrorism sentence and was released in Dec, 1996 for becoming an informer.
    (SFC, 3/1/97, p.C2)(http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/sutton/chron/1974.html)

1974        Oct 5, Eugene McQuaid, a Catholic civilian, was killed near a British army checkpoint on Northern Ireland's border on the main Belfast-Dublin road. In 2006 the IRA leadership offered its sincere apologies to the McQuaid family for the death of Eugene and for the heartache and trauma that the IRA actions caused.
    (AP, 4/14/06)

1974        Nov 25, Irish Republican Army was outlawed in Britain following deaths of 21. IRA bombs in British pubs killed 28 and wounded over 200 in the last 2 months.
    {Northern Ireland, Britain}
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prevention_of_Terrorism_Act_(Northern_Ireland))(WSJ, 3/12/04, p.A11)

1974        Dec 20, A temporary cease fire was established.
    (SFC, 6/18/96, p.A8)

1974        Protestant loyalists and trade unionists stopped a power-sharing plan backed by the British government  by shutting down power stations.
    (SFC, 6/3/98, p.A12)

1975        Jan 16, The Irish Republican Army called an end to a 25-day cease fire in Belfast.
    (HN, 1/16/99)

1975        Jan 17, A 25-day cease-fire in Northern Ireland ended.
    (SFC, 6/18/96, p.A8)

1975        Jul 1, Eamon Molloy, a Belfast IRA member, disappeared after being branded a traitor. His body was recovered in 1999. His mother-in-law vanished from the Divis Flats in Belfast in March 1972. Jean McConville (38) was a widowed mother of 10. His brother, Anthony, was shot dead by loyalists in June 1975.
    (http://tinyurl.com/3o6v79)(http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/355041.stm)

1975        In Northern Ireland the practice of interning suspected extremists ended as it clearly fueled support for terrorism.
    (Econ, 10/6/07, p.70)

1976        Mar 1, The Maze Prison opened in Northern Ireland. Its 8 H-shaped blocks were designed to hold 800 prisoners. It closed in 2000.
    (SFEC, 10/1/00, p.D14)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maze_(HM_Prison))

1976        Aug 14, Some 10,000 Northern Ireland women demonstrated for peace in Belfast.
    (http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/othelem/chron/ch76.htm)
1976        Aug 14, In Northern Ireland Majella O'Hare (12) was shot in the back, as she walked with other schoolgirls to a Catholic Church to give their confessions in the village of Whitecross in South Armagh, a borderland powerbase for the IRA. Her father, who died in 1992, witnessed the shooting and watched her die in an army helicopter as she was being evacuated to hospital. The family received a 1,500-pound ($2,400) payment from the British government in 1976 as compensation for the killing. In 2011 the family received a face-to-face apology from Britain's senior government official in Northern Ireland.
    (AP, 3/29/11)

1976        Oct, Mairead Corrigan Maguire was a co-winner of the Nobel Prize for Peace for her efforts to stop bloodshed in Northern Ireland.
    (SFC, 10/8/99, p.A12)

1976        IRA soldier Pat McGeown (1956-1996) was arrested for the bombing of Belfast’s Europa Hotel in 1975.
    (SFC, 10/5/96, p.A21)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pat_McGeown)
1976        Jimmy Smythe was accused of the attempted murder of an off-duty prison guard in Belfast. He was sentenced to 20 years in prison.
    (SFC, 7/4/96, p.A20)

1977        May 14, Capt. Robert Nairac (29), an underground British soldier, was abducted from a border pub by an IRA gang, taken across the border into a Republic of Ireland forest, and shot through the head. In 2008 the Police Service of Northern Ireland press office confirmed the arrest of Kevin Crilly (57), an IRA veteran, on suspicion of involvement in Nairac's killing. On April 1, 2011, Crilly was acquitted of all charges against him.
    (AP, 5/20/08)(AP, 4/1/11)

1977        Oct 5, Seamus Costello (b.1939), founder of the Irish National Liberation Army (INLA), was shot to death by an Irish Republican Army member in Dublin.
    (AP, 10/11/09)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seamus_Costello)

1978        Nov 26, Albert Miles, governor of the maze prison, was murdered when gunmen forced their way into his home and shot him while restraining his wife. Two men were later convicted of his murder and given life sentences.
    (www.palacebarracksmemorialgarden.org/Northern%20Ireland%20Prison%20Service.htm)

1978        Dec 14, In Northern Ireland John Murdie McTier, Belfast Prison officer, was driving home with two colleagues when a number of shots were fired from a passing car by the IRA. Both his passengers survived the attack but Mr. McTier died three days later from his wounds. He was survived by his wife and three small children.
    (www.palacebarracksmemorialgarden.org/Northern%20Ireland%20Prison%20Service.htm)

1978        The film "A Quiet Day in Belfast" with Margot Kidder about the hopelessness of the Irish civil war.
    (SFEC, 3/15/98, DB p.57)

1978        The Barnett Formula, devised by Joel Barnett, was introduced as mechanism used by The Treasury in the UK to adjust the amounts of public expenditure allocated to Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales automatically to reflect changes in spending levels allocated to public services in England, England and Wales or Great Britain, as appropriate.
    (Econ, 10/26/13, p.65)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barnett_formula)

1978        An off-duty Belfast prison official was murdered.
    (SFC, 12/11/96, p.A15)

1979        Mar 25, In Northern Ireland Gerard Evans (24) disappeared after leaving a dance. His body was found in 2010. He had been abducted, executed and secretly buried by the IRA for passing information on IRA activities to the police.
    (AP, 10/17/10)(www.tribune.ie/article/2009/jan/18/put-that-family-out-of-its-misery/)

1979        Mar 30, Northern Ireland spokesman Airey Neave, a leading member of the British parliament, was killed by a bomb planted by the Irish National Liberation Army (INLA) in the House of Commons car park in London.
    (AP, 3/30/99)(AP, 2/8/10)

1979        May 1, In Northern Ireland Frederick Lutton (39), a recently retired police reservist, was murdered by two IRA gunmen.
    (http://metro.co.uk/2007/08/19/security-force-spy-to-be-named-47857/)(Econ, 2/23/13, p.55)

1979        Aug 27, In Northern Ireland 18 British militia died in ambush and bomb attack at Warrenpoint, South Down.
    (http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/august/27/newsid_3891000/3891055.stm)

1979        In Northern Ireland John Hume (b.1937) became the leader of Northern Ireland’s main Catholic party, the Social Democratic and Labor Party. Hume was also elected this year to represent Northern Ireland in the European Parliament at Strasbourg.
    (SFC, 4/11/98, p.A8)(www.politics.ie/wiki/index.php?title=John_Hume)

1979        Robert “Basher” Bates pleaded guilty to 10 murders. He was a member of the Shankhill Butchers, a Protestant gang that kidnapped and tortured Catholics. He received 14 life sentences but was released in 1996 after turning state’s evidence and converting to a born-again Christian. In 1997 he was shot to death in revenge.
    (SFC, 6/18/97, p.A8)

1979        Lord Louis Mountbatten, his 14-year-old grandson, Lady Bradbourne (82), and a teenage boat-helper were killed in an IRA bombing off the coast of Sligo, Ireland.
    (SFEC, 12/22/96, Z1 p.7)

1980        Oct 27, Brendan "The Dark" Hughes (1948-2008), a senior IRA commander, led a hunger strike at Northern Ireland’s Maze Prison that lasted 53 days.
    (www.socialistreview.org.uk/article.php?articlenumber=9819)

1980        Dec 18, IRA's Sean McKenna became critically ill and ended his hunger strike.
    (www.pittsburghirish.org/AOHDiv32/Hungerstrike.htm)

1981        Jan 16, In Northern Ireland, Protestant gunmen shot and wounded Irish nationalist leader Bernadette Devlin McAliskey and her husband.
    (AP, 1/16/01)

1981        Mar 1, Irish Republican Army member Bobby Sands began a hunger strike at the Maze Prison in Northern Ireland; he died 65 days later.
    (AP, 3/1/00)

1981        Apr 10, Imprisoned IRA hunger striker Bobby Sands was declared the winner of a by-election to the British Parliament.
    (AP, 4/10/07)

1981        May 5, Irish Republican Army hunger-striker Bobby Sands, an elected member of the Irish Parliament,  died at the Maze Prison in Northern Ireland on his 66th day without food.
    (SFC, 11/15/96, p.B2)(SFEC, 12/22/96, Z1 p.6)(AP, 5/5/97)

1981        Aug 20, In Northern Ireland Pat McGeown (1956-1996) lapsed into a coma during the Maze Prison hunger strike. About 25 men went on strike and a 10th died when McGeown’s family agreed to medical intervention. This was the background for the 1996 film “Some Mother’s Son.”
    (http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/events/hstrike/chronology.htm)(SFC, 10/5/96, p.A21)

1981        Oct 3, IRA prisoners at Maze Prison in Belfast, Northern Ireland, ended a seven-month hunger strike in which 10 men died. Imprisoned Irish Republic Army leader Bobby Sands initiated the protest on March 1, the fifth anniversary of the British policy of "Criminalization" of Irish political prisoners. Many of these prisoners did not have trials.
    (AP, 10/3/97)(http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/events/hstrike/chronology.htm)

1981        Paddy Doherty, a Londonderry civil rights activist, founded the Inner City Trust, to restore the downtown area.
    (SFC, 12/1/97, p.A14)

1981        Taxi driver Kevin Artt was arrested for the 1978 murder of a Belfast prison official but later claimed that he was beaten and psychologically coerced into falsely confessing.
    (SFC, 12/11/96, p.A15)

1981        Joe Doherty and 7 IRA comrades shot their way out of Belfast’s Crumlin Road Jail during their trial for killing a British army commando in 1980. Doherty escaped to New York where he was arrested in 1983. He was paroled in 1998.
    (SFC, 11/7/98, p.A14)

1982        Dec 6, In Northern Ireland 11 soldiers and six civilians were killed when a bomb planted by the Irish National Liberation Army exploded in a pub in Ballykelly.
    (AP, 12/6/97)

1983        Sep 25, In Northern Ireland Jimmy Smythe escaped from the Maze prison near Belfast along with 37 other prisoners. He made his way to San Francisco where he was arrested and released on bail in 1992. Kevin Barry Artt, Terence Kirby, and Pol Brennan also escaped and made their way to California. The were arrested in the 1990s and held in a federal prison in Pleasanton, CA. (http://larkspirit.com/ipow/hb4/kbabio.html).
    (SFC, 7/4/96, p.A20)(SFC, 10/10/98, p.A8)

1983        Dec 7, Edgar Graham (b.1954), member of the Northern Ireland Assembly, was shot dead by IRA.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edgar_Graham)

1983        Gerry Adams became the president of Sinn Fein, the rising voice of Northern Ireland’s Catholic minority. He was an alleged senior IRA commander in the 1970s, but has always denied being an IRA member.
    (SFC, 4/11/98, p.A8)

1984        Oct 12, The IRA bombed the hotel where PM Margaret Thatcher was staying in Brighton. Thatcher escaped but five people were killed. Patrick McGee was sentenced to 8 life sentences for his role in the bombing. McGee was freed in 1999 as part of the Northern Ireland peace accord.
    (SFEC, 12/22/96, Z1 p.7)(SFC, 6/23/99, p.A10)(http://tinyurl.com/bxt64)

1985        Nov 15, British PM Margaret Thatcher and the Irish Taoiseach Garret FitzGerald signed the Anglo-Irish Agreement giving Dublin an official consultative role in governing Northern Ireland.
    (AP, 11/15/97)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anglo-Irish_Agreement)

1985        Nov 27, The British House of Commons approved the Anglo-Irish accord giving Dublin a consultative role in the governing of British-ruled Northern Ireland.
    (AP, 11/27/97)

1985        Nov 28, The Irish Senate approved the Anglo-Irish accord concerning Northern Ireland.
    (AP, 11/28/00)

1986        Apr 29, Seamus McElwaine (25), Irish IRA-terrorist, was killed by undercover members of the British Army in County Fermanagh.
    (http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/sutton/chron/1986.html)

1987        Nov 8, Eleven people were killed when a bomb planted by the Irish Republican Army exploded as crowds gathered in Enniskillen, Northern Ireland, for a ceremony honoring Britain's war dead.
    (AP, 11/8/97)

1988        Mar 6, British SAS officers killed 3 IRA suspects in Gibraltar.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2xbne)

1988        Mar 16, Three people were killed when Michael Stone, a pro British paramilitary member, armed with guns and grenades attacked an IRA graveside service in Belfast, Northern Ireland. Stone was also responsible for  killing 3 Catholics in the mid 1980s. In 2000 Stone was released from prison as part of a peace accord.
    (AP, 3/17/98)(SFC, 7/25/00, p.A12)

1988        Mar 19, Two British soldiers were shot to death after they were dragged from a car and beaten by mourners attending an Irish Republican Army funeral in Belfast, Northern Ireland.
    (AP, 3/19/98)

1988        Oct 19, Britain banned broadcast interviews with IRA members. Douglas Hurd introduced a notice under clause 13(4) of the BBC License and Agreement and section 29(3) of the Broadcasting Act 1981 prohibiting the broadcast of direct statements by representatives or supporters of eleven Irish political and military organizations.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1988)(http://tinyurl.com/f857x)

1988        Oct 20, Britain ended a suspects right to remain silent in crackdown on IRA.
    (http://tinyurl.com/gghzx)

1989        Feb 12, In Belfast Pat Finucane, a lawyer active in the defense of IRA suspects, was shot and killed by a lone gunman as he sat down to dinner with his family at home. The Ulster Defense Association claimed responsibility but nobody was ever charged. In 1999 a report asserted that the British army was linked to the slaying. A suspect (48) was arrested in 1999. In 2003 a London police report said the British Army and police were involved in the murder. In 2004 Ken Barrett (41), former Protestant paramilitary and police informer in Northern Ireland, was sentenced to 22 years in prison for the murder of Finucane. In Oct 12, 2011, Britain offered an official apology for its forces' role in the 1989 killing of a Northern Ireland lawyer and pledged to publish a public report into the extent of police and army collusion in the attack. The report in December 2012 found shocking levels of state collusion.
    (SFC, 2/12/99, p.A3)(SFC, 6/24/99, p.A12)(AP, 4/17/03)(AP, 9/16/04)(AP, 10/12/11)(AP, 12/12/12)

1989        Mar 20, In Northern Ireland Harry Breen and Bob Buchanan, two senior Northern Ireland police officers, were murdered by the Irish Republican Army outside the village of Jonesborough, County Armagh. On Dec 3, 2013, a judge-led inquiry in London found that Irish police colluded in the murder.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1989_Jonesborough_ambush)(AP, 12/3/13)

1990        Seamus Heaney (b.1939), Nobel Prize winning poet (1995), wrote the play "The Cure at Troy" based on Sophocles’ play "Philoctetes."
    (WSJ, 12/3/97, p.A20)(www.ibiblio.org/ipa/poems/heaney/biography.php)

1991        Feb 18, The Irish Republican Army claimed responsibility for a bomb that exploded in a London rail station, killing a commuter.
    (AP, 2/18/01)

1992        Jan 17, Eight Protestant laborers were killed in an IRA bombing in Northern Ireland.
    (AP, 1/17/02)

1992          Feb 5, In Northern Ireland Protestant guerrillas shot and killed 5 Catholic men in the Sean Graham betting shop on the Lower Ormeau Road.
    (www.nuzhound.com/articles/Irelandclick/arts2002/bookies2-1-02.htm)

1992        Feb 19, Former Irish Republican Army member Joseph Doherty was deported from the United States to Northern Ireland following a 10-year battle for political asylum.
    (AP, 2/19/02)

1992        Oct 16, Sheena Campbell, a political activist, was shot in Belfast.
    (SFEC, 12/22/96, Z1 p.7)

1992        The film “Hear My Song” starred Ned Beatty and was based on the story of Irish tenor singer Josef Locke (d.1999 at 82).
    (SFC, 10/16/99, p.A26)

1992        Billy Wright in an interview admitted that he had planned the killings of more than a dozen Catholics. [see Dec 27, 1997]
    (SFEC,12/28/97, p.A10)

1992-1996    Conor O’Clery covered this period in his 1997 book “Daring Diplomacy,” on how the US played a role in the search for peace.
    (SFEC, 6/15/97, BR p.6)

1993        Oct 23, An IRA bomb exploded in Belfast, Northern Ireland, killing 10 people, including an IRA operative at a fish & chips shop on Shankill Road.
    (AP, 10/23/03)(http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/othelem/chron/ch93.htm)

1993        Nov 28, The British government confirmed reports of contacts with the Irish Republican Army that were aimed at ending the violence in British-ruled Northern Ireland.
    (AP, 11/28/98)

1993        Dec 15, Britain and Ireland issued a “framework for peace.”
    (SFC, 6/18/96, p.A8)

1993        Paddy Devlin (d.1999 at 74), co-founder of the Social Democratic and Labor Party, published his autobiography "Straight Left."
    (SFC, 8/16/99, p.A21)

1994        Aug 31, The Irish Republican Army (IRA) announces a "complete cessation of military operations," opening the way to a political settlement in Ireland for the first time in a quarter of a century.
    (SFC, 6/18/96, p.A8)(AP, 8/31/99)(HN, 8/31/99)

1994        Sep 6, Irish Prime Minister Albert Reynolds and Gerry Adams, head of the IRA's political ally, Sinn Fein, made a joint commitment to peace after their first face-to-face meeting.
    (AP, 9/6/99)

1994        Oct 13, Pro-British Protestant paramilitaries in Northern Ireland announced a cease-fire matching the Irish Republican Army's six-week-old truce.
    (AP, 10/13/99)

1994        Oct, The Loyalist Volunteers were founded by hard-line dissidents opposed to the truces called by the Ulster Defense Assoc. and the Ulster Volunteer Force, the north’s 2 major pro-British gangs.
    (SFC, 5/16/98, p.A11)

1994        Dec 9, Representatives of the Irish Republican Army and the British government opened peace talks in Northern Ireland.
    (AP, 12/9/99)

1994        Johnny "Mad Dog" Adair was convicted and sentenced to 16 years in prison for "directing terrorism." He was pardoned in 1999 under a peace accord.
    (SFC, 9/15/99, p.C2)(SFC, 9/15/99, p.C2)

1995        Jan 15, British soldiers ended daytime patrols in Belfast.
    (SFC, 6/18/96, p.A8)

1995        Mar 24, For the first time in 20 years, no British soldiers were patrolling the streets of Belfast, Northern Ireland.
    (AP, 3/24/00)

1995        Jul 3, Irish Republican Army sympathizers rioted in Northern Ireland’s two largest cities in outrage over the early parole of a British soldier convicted of killing a Roman Catholic woman.
    (AP, 7/3/00)

1995        Sep, David Trimble became the leader of the Ulster Unionist Party. He favored a stable government within Northern Ireland and cooperation with the Irish Republic.
    (SFC, 4/11/98, p.A8)

1995        Nov 30, President Clinton became the first U.S. chief executive to visit Northern Ireland.
    (AP, 11/30/97)

1996        Feb 9, The IRA announced an end to the cease-fire and detonated a truck bomb in east London’s Docklands at Canary Wharf. Two people were killed and scores wounded.
    (SFC, 6/18/96, p.A8)

1996        Feb 18, Nine people were injured when an IRA bomb exploded on a double-decker bus.
    (SFC, 6/18/96, p.A8)

1996        May 30, Voters selected 110 members for a forum on negotiations to determine its future status. Protestants want their British ties and majority position secured. Catholic leaders want linkage with the Irish Republic where they form the overwhelming majority.
    (SFC, 5/31/96, A15)

1996        May 31, On the Protestant side moderates headed by David Trimble won 30 seats and hard-liners led by Rev. Ian Paisley won 24. On the Catholic side moderates led by John Hume won 22 seats and Sinn Fein got 17. Minor parties shared the remaining 19 seats.
    (SFC, 6/1/96, p.A12)

1996        Jun 7, IRA men killed one police officer and wounded another in a robbery attempt in Adare, western Ireland. Detective sergeant Jerry McCabe was killed with 15 bullets from a Kalashnikov. In 1999 Pearse McCauley and Kevin Walsh were sentenced to 14 years in prison , Jeremiah Sheehy to 12 years, and Michael O’Neill to 11 years. O’Neill was released in 2007. Sheehy was released in 2008.
    (SFC, 6/18/96, p.A8)(SFC, 2/6/99, p.A11)(AP, 5/15/07)(AP, 2/4/08)

1996        June 10, All party peace talks opened in Northern Ireland. IRA allies in Sinn Fein were excluded because the cease-fire was not restored.
    (SFC, 6/18/96, p.A8)

1996        Jun 15, A truck bomb exploded in Manchester, England, and injured more than 200 people.
    (SFC, 6/18/96, p.A8)

1996        cJun, Billy Wright, while in prison, was expelled from the Ulster Volunteer Force for refusing to recognize a cease fire. He formed the Loyalist Volunteer Force which went on to kill 3 Catholics in 1997.
    (SFEC,12/28/97, p.A10)

1996        Jul 8, In Northern Ireland Michael McGoldrick Jr. (31), a taxi driver, was abducted and fatally shot, two days after graduating from a Belfast university. He was the first victim of the Loyalist Volunteer Force, an outlawed Protestant gang that opposed Northern Ireland's peace process.
    (AP, 4/5/06)

1996        Jul 9, In Portadown, riot police prevented the Orange Order from marching through the Catholic quarter.
    (SFC, 7/9/96, p.A8)

1996        Jul 12, In Northern Ireland authorities relented and allowed the Orange Order to march through the village of Drumcree.
    (SFC, 7/12/96, p.A1)(SFC, 7/13/96, p.A8)

1996        Jul 14, A car bomb at the Killyhevlin Hotel in the town of Enniskillen injured 17 people.
    (SFC, 7/15/96, p.A1)

1996        Jul 20, Rioters fought with police in Omagh after rival parades ended.
    (SFC, 7/21/96, p.A8)

1996        Oct 7, In Lisburn, Northern Ireland, the Irish Republican Army detonated two car bombs inside the British army's headquarters, wounding 31 people. Two bombs of 500 and 1000 pounds exploded near Thiepval Barracks and near the base hospital.
    (SFEC, 10/8/96, A8)(AP, 10/7/97)

1997        Mar 26, A bomb exploded at a police station in Coalisland, 30 miles west of Belfast.
    (SFC, 3/27/97, p.A14)

1997        Apr, Police officer Alice Collins of the Protestant-dominated Royal Ulster Constabulary was shot in the back by an IRA gunman.
    (SFC, 12/1/97, p.A14)

1997        Jun 16, The British government broke off contacts it had just renewed with Sinn Fein after the Irish Republican Army killed two Protestant policemen in Lurgan, Northern Ireland.
    (AP, 6/16/98)(SFC, 6/17/97, p.A1)

1997        Jun 21, A terrorist bomb rocked Belfast. Three people were slightly injured and pro-British loyalist forces were suspected to be responsible.
    (SFEC, 6/22/97, p.D1)

1997        Jun 24, David Trimble of the main Protestant party said he would accept an Anglo-Irish recommendation to set up an int’l. commission to oversee the gradual disarmament of the IRA and pro-British paramilitary gangs as wider negotiations progress.
    (SFC, 6/25/97, p.A8)

1997        Jul 6, In Portadown, Northern Ireland, British troops cleared the streets to allow the Orange Order to march through the Catholic enclave along Garvaghy Road amidst scattered violence.
    (SFC, 7/7/97, p.A8)

1997        Jul 8, In Northern Ireland masked members of the IRA boarded, cleared and set fire to a Dublin to Belfast train.
    (SFC, 7/9/97, p.A6)

1997        Jul 10, The Orange Order canceled planned to march through Catholic neighborhoods in 2 main cities over the weekend.
    (SFC, 7/11/97, p.A10)

1997        Jul 15, Pro-British militants shot and killed Bernadette Martin while she slept beside her Protestant boyfriend.
    (SFEC,10/26/97, p.A20)

1997        Jul 18, The Sinn Fein party urged its allies in the IRA to call a cease fire.
    (SFC, 7/19/97, p.A8)

1997        Sep 9, Sinn Fein, the IRA's political ally, accepted the Mitchell Principles and formally renounced violence as it took its place in talks on Northern Ireland's future.
    (AP, 9/9/98)(MC, 9/9/01)

1997        Sep 15, The IRA allied Sinn Fein party entered Northern Ireland's peace talks for the first time. All party talks for peace were to begin in Belfast.
    (SFC, 7/5/97, p.A8)(AP, 9/15/98)

1997        Oct 25, In Northern Ireland a small bomb exploded under the car seat of Glen Greer (28) in Belfast and killed him as the car burst into flames. It was the first political killing in three months.
    (SFEC,10/26/97, p.A20)

1997        Dec 13, In Northern Ireland gangs of Catholic youths attacked police during a protest march by rival Protestants in the annual Lundy’s Day demonstration in Londonderry.
    (SFEC,12/14/97, p.A26)

1997        Dec 27, In Northern Ireland inmate Billy Wright (37), aka King Rat and Northern Ireland's most notorious Protestant militant, was shot and killed by another inmate of the Irish National Liberation Army (INLA), an IRA splinter group at the Maze prison. In 1998 3 Irish extremists, Christopher McWilliams, John Kennaway and John Glennon, were sentenced to life in prison for the killing.
    (SFEC,12/28/97, p.A1)(SFC, 10/21/98, p.C2)(AP, 12/27/98)

1997        Dec 27, In Northern Ireland masked killers shot and killed Seamus Dillon (45), a Catholic security guard at the Glengannon Hotel. Two other bouncers and a 14-year-old bar worker were wounded. The attack was a response to the killing of Billy Wright.
    (SFC, 12/29/97, p.A6)

1997        Dec 31, Masked gunmen opened fire at the Clifton Tavern in Belfast and left one man dead and 5 wounded. The Loyalist Volunteer Force admitted killing Eddie Trainor (31) and wounding 5 others.
    (SFC, 1/1/98, p.A16)(SFC, 1/2/98, p.A15)

1998        Jan 9, Mo Mowlam, British secretary for Northern Ireland, met with prisoners at the Maze prison and got their endorsement for the Ulster Democratic Party to return to peace talks. Talks with the Progressive Unionist were scheduled for the next day.
    (SFC, 1/10/98, p.A8)

1998        Jan 11, Terry Enwright (28), a relative of Gerry Adams, was slain outside the Space nightclub in Belfast. The Protestant Loyalist Volunteer Force claimed responsibility.
    (SFC, 1/12/98, p.A10)

1998        Jan 12, Britain and Ireland proposed a power-sharing compromise to reconcile the divided Protestants and Roman Catholics. Home rule was offered to Northern Ireland under an assembly elected by proportional representation.
    (SFC, 1/13/98, p.A10)

1998        Jan 18, Fergal McCusker (28) was killed by the Loyalist Volunteer Force in Maghera.
    (SFC, 1/19/98, p.A8)

1998        Jan 19, In Northern Ireland Jim Guiney (38), a Protestant shopkeeper, was shot and killed in his Belfast carpet store. Later a 52-year-old Catholic taxi driver was shot and killed in Belfast in apparent retaliation for Guiney.
    (SFC, 1/20/98, p.D1)

1998        Jan 23, In Belfast Liam Conway, a Catholic worker, was shot and killed. The Ulster Freedom Fighters earlier claimed responsibility for 3 Catholic deaths since new year’s Eve. The Ulster Volunteer Force was suspected in Conway’s death.
    (SFC, 1/24/98, p.A10)

1998        Jan 26, The Ulster Democratic Party, the largest pro-British paramilitary group, withdrew from peace talks.
    (SFC, 1/27/98, p.A8)

1998        Feb 9, A Protestant drug dealer, Brendan Campbell (33), and a Protestant militant, Bobby Dougan (38), were slain in separate incidents. Police blamed the IRA and a dissident gang.
    (SFC, 2/11/98, p.B3)

1998        Feb 20, In Northern Ireland Sinn Fein was suspended from peace talks for 17 days.
    (SFC, 2/21/98, p.A8)
1998        Feb 20, A 500-pound bomb in Moira left 11 people injured and wrecked a police station. It was blamed on the Continuity Army Council, an IRA splinter group.
    (SFEC, 2/22/98, p.A21)

1998        Feb 23, A bomb leveled 2 buildings in Portadown. The Continuity IRA was suspected in the blast that started a fire and damaged roofs and windows across the town.
    (SFC, 2/24/98, p.A8)

1998        Mar 3, In Northern Ireland Damien Trainor (25) and Phillip Allen (34) were shot and killed by sectarian gunmen in the Railway Bar in Poyntzpass. Three others were wounded.
    (SFC, 3/5/98, p.A12)

1998        Mar 10, Guerrillas launched 2 mortar bombs at a police station in Armagh.
    (SFC, 3/9/98, p.A9)

1998        Mar 16, David Keys (26), one of the jailed suspects in the Mar 3 murders, was found hanged in his cell at Maze Prison. His death was violent and considered a murder.
    (SFC, 3/17/98, p.B2)
1998        Mar 17, More than 10,000 Catholics marched in the first-ever St. Patrick’s Day parade in Belfast.
    (SFC, 3/18/98, p.A11)

1998        Mar 27, A former policeman was shot and killed by masked gunmen in Armagh.
    (SFC, 3/28/98, p.A8)

1998        Apr 2, Police intercepted a 980-pound bomb at Dublin’s ferry port.
    (SFC, 4/3/98, p.B8)

1998        Apr 9, This day was set as a deadline for peace talks. The talks continued past the deadline.
    (SFC, 3/26/98, p.B3)(WSJ, 4/10/98, p.A1)

1998        Apr 10, The Good Friday Agreement was announced 17 hours after the deadline as negotiators reached a landmark settlement to end 30 years of bitter rivalries and bloody attacks. Gerry Adams signed for the IRA. It was to face referendums in the Irish Republic and Northern Ireland on May 22. If approved there would be June elections to create a local governing assembly for Northern Ireland.
    (SFC, 4/11/98, p.A1)(AP, 4/10/99)(SSFC, 9/14/03, p.A1)

1998        Apr 11, The executive committee of the Ulster Union Party voted 55-23 to support the Northern Ireland peace accord and its leader, David Trimble, who had outmaneuvered rebels in his ranks.
    (AP, 4/11/99)

1998        Apr 12, Sinn Fein leader Gerry Adams appealed to IRA supporters to accept Northern Ireland's compromise peace accord.
    (AP, 4/12/99)

1998        Apr 18, In Northern Ireland the Ulster Unionists, despite fierce internal dissent, voted to support the peace agreement by a 72% margin.
    (SFEC, 4/19/98, p.A1)(AP, 4/18/99)

1998        Apr 22, In Ireland legislation was passed for a May 22 referendum on the Northern Ireland peace agreement. Northern Ireland voters would also vote on the referendum. A constitutional amendment would result in which Ireland would renounce its claim on the territory of Northern Ireland.
    (SFC, 4/23/98, p.A12)

1998        Apr 30, The IRA refused to disarm as part of the peace accord, which demanded the decommission of weaponry to begin in June and finish in 2 years.
    (SFC, 5/1/98, p.D2)

1988        May 10, In Northern Ireland Sinn Fein (We Ourselves) voted to let their leaders participate in the new compromise administration.
    (SFC, 5/11/98, p.A1)

1998        May 12, Britain offered Northern Ireland a $500 million package of financing and tax breaks for roads, railways and the reduction of unemployment.
    (SFC, 5/13/98, p.A11)

1998        May 15, The Loyalist Volunteers announced a cease-fire to encourage Protestant voters to reject the peace accord referendum.
    (SFC, 5/16/98, p.A11)

1998      May 22, A vote on the referendum on the Northern Ireland peace agreement was held in Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. Voters showed 71% support in Northern Ireland and 94% support in the Republic of Ireland.
    (SFC, 4/23/98, p.A12)(SFC, 5/23/98, p.A1)(SFEC, 5/24/98, p.A1)

1998        May 23, Official returns showed two convincing "yes" votes for the Northern Ireland peace accord: a surprisingly strong 71.1 percent in British-linked Northern Ireland, and 94.4 percent in the Republic of Ireland.
    (AP, 5/23/99)

1998        Jun 24, In Northern Ireland a car bomb exploded in Newtownhamilton and injured a 13-year-old boy. The INLA claimed responsibility.
    (SFC, 6/26/98, p.A12)

1998        Jun 25, A new 108-seat Northern Ireland Assembly was to be elected if the peace referendum was passed in Ireland and Northern Ireland.
    (SFC, 4/23/98, p.A12)

1998        Jun 25, In Northern Ireland voters chose members for the new Northern Ireland Assembly. Parties committed to the peace settlement emerged as victors. Anti-agreement forces accounted for 29 of the 108 seats.
    (SFC, 6/26/98, p.A12)(SFC, 6/27/98, p.A10)

1998        Jul 1, David Trimble, head of the Ulster Unionist Party, became the first minister of the new Northern Ireland Assembly. Seamus Mallon was elected deputy first minister.
    (SFC, 7/2/98, p.A14)

1998        Jul 2, In Northern Ireland 10 Roman Catholic churches were set on fire by arsonists.
    (SFC, 7/3/98, p.A1)

1998        Jul 5, British forces blocked the Protestant march by the Orangemen outside of Portadown. Some 1,000 members of the Orange Order began a protest and threatened violence. Rioting erupted in south-central Belfast.
    (SFC, 7/6/98, p.A1)

1998        Jul 6, Mobs battled police across Northern Ireland for a 2nd day even after a Parade’s Commission decided to permit a July 13 Protestant march in Belfast’s Lower Ormeau section.
    (SFC, 7/7/98, p.A8)

1998        Jul 7, Britain sent more troops to Northern Ireland to help quell the rioting.
    (SFC, 7/8/98, p.A10)

1998        Jul 10, Police in England and Ireland arrested 9 people and thwarted a plot to bomb central London. The arrested were members of the 32 County Sovereignty Committee, a hard-line dissident Catholic group opposed to the peace settlement that was led by Bernadette Sands. Her husband, Michael McKevitt, was the reputed leader of the Real IRA.
    (SFC, 7/11/98, p.A1)(SFC, 8/18/98, p.A8)(SFC, 8/20/98, p.A14)

1998        Jul 12, In Ballymoney, Northern Ireland a firebomb killed 3 young boys, Richard, Mark and Jason Quinn, who had been asleep in their beds. Garfield Gilmour (24) was later arrested, convicted of murder and sentenced to 3 life sentences for his role. Gilmour admitted that he drove an Ulster Volunteer Force gang to the house that night, but that he was coerced. He identified his companions but there was insufficient evidence for charges.
    (SFC, 7/13/98, p.A1)(AP, 7/12/99)(SFC, 10/30/99, p.A13)

1998        Jul 19, In North Belfast Andrew Kearney (33) was shot in the ankle and behind each knee in retaliation for a bar fight with an IRA man. He bled to death in a lift before help arrived.
    (SFC, 9/3/98, p.A14)
1998        Aug 1, In Northern Ireland a car bomb exploded in Banbridge and wounded 35 people.
    (SFEC, 8/2/98,  p.A18)

1998        Aug 3, In Northern Ireland Protestant marchers and Catholic residents compromised on the Aug 8 Apprentice Boys parade scheduled in Londonderry.
    (SFC, 8/4/98, p.A12)

1998        Aug 8, Some 15,000 Apprentice Boys marched through Londonderry with a few minor scuffles.
    (SFEC, 8/9/98, p.A17)

1998        Aug 15, In Northern Ireland a car bomb killed 29 people in Omagh and wounded 220. A splinter group called the Real IRA took responsibility. It was affiliated with the political organization called the 32-County Sovereignty Committee. Families of the dead filed civil suit in 2001. In 2002 Colm Murphy (50), a veteran anti-British militant, was convicted of aiding the bombers and sentenced to 14 years in prison. In 2005 Murphy was released on bail pending a retrial. In 2003 Michael McKevitt, head of a dissident IRA faction, was sentenced to 20 years in prison for directing the group. In 2005 Sean Gerard Hoey (35) was charged with murdering 29 people in the attack. Detectives had used “low copy DNA profiling” to link Sean Hoey to the bombing. In 2007 a judge acquitted Hoey, saying he was not satisfied beyond a reasonable doubt of the evidence's integrity. In 2009 a Belfast court found 4 dissidents liable for the bombing. Michael McKevitt, leader of the Real IRA,  Liam Campbell, Colm Murphy and Seamus Daly were found liable in a civil case brought by the families of those killed. A fifth man, Seamus McKenna, was cleared of involvement. In 2011 an appeals court ruled that the original trial judge gave too much credence to evidence identifying two of the men, Colm Murphy and Seamus Daly, as members of the Real IRA. The judges ordered a civil retrial for Murphy. In 2014 Daly was arraigned on 29 charges of murder.
    (SFC, 8/17/98, p.A9)(SFC, 1/23/02, p.A6)(SFC, 1/26/02, p.A8)(SFC, 8/8/03, p.A3)(AP, 5/26/05)(AP, 12/21/07)(AP, 6/8/09)(AP, 7/7/11)(AP, 4/11/14)

1998        Aug 16, Protestants and Catholics in Northern Ireland united in uncomprehending grief over the car bomb slaughter of 29 people in Omagh a day earlier.
    (AP, 8/16/03)

1998        Aug 18, In Northern Ireland a splinter group claimed responsibility for the bombing in Omagh. The group offered apologies for the dead and declared an immediate cease-fire.
    (SFC, 8/19/98, p.A12)

1998        Sep 2, In Northern Ireland the IRA-allied Sinn Fein party announced that Martin McGuiness, its senior negotiator, would work with the Canadian-led commission charged with disarming paramilitary groups.
    (SFC, 9/3/98, p.A14)

1998        Oct 16, The Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to John Hume, head of the Irish Catholic Social Democratic and Labor Party, and to David Trimble, leader of the Protestant Ulster Unionist Party.
    (SFEC, 10/18/98, p.D1)(AP, 10/16/99)

1998        Oct 29, The deadline for the creation of a new North-South Ministerial Council faced delay due to a dispute over disarmament. An estimated 100 ton arsenal including several tons of Semtex was still hidden on both sides of the border.
    (SFC, 10/26/98, p.A8)

1998        Oct 31, In Northern Ireland Brian Service (35) was killed in Belfast. Later the Red Hand Defenders claimed responsibility. A red-colored hand is the traditional symbol of the province of Ulster.
    (SFC, 11/2/98, p.A14)

1998        Dec 16, There was a bomb attack on a Catholic-owned country pub in Crumlin. No one was hurt and 2 pro-British, Protestant extremist groups claimed responsibility.
    (SFC, 12/18/98, p.D9)

1998        Sean McPhilemy published “The Committee: Political Assassination in Northern Ireland.” He outlined a secret alliance of 50-60 individuals who conspired with police officials to murder political enemies.
    (SFEC, 7/19/98, BR p.3)

1999        Jan 27, Eamon Collins, author of the 1997 book "Killing Rage," was found beaten to death near Newry. He had been the IRAs intelligence officer from 1980-1985 and offended his associates with the book.
    (SFC, 1/28/99, p.C4)

1999        Feb 16, The Northern Ireland Assembly voted 77 to 29 to create a 12-member executive council to help pave the way for the transfer of some powers from the British government.
    (SFC, 2/17/99, p.A8)

1999        Feb 21, In Ireland and Northern Ireland police arrested 7 men associated with the 1998 Omagh car bombing that killed 29 people.
    (SFC, 2/22/99, p.A14)

1999        Feb 27, Three men were arrested in Dundalk in connection with the Omagh bombing.
    (SFC, 3/1/99, p.A12)
1999        Feb 28, A woman was arrested in Dublin in connection with the Omagh bombing.
    (SFC, 3/1/99, p.A12)

1999        Mar 8, Britain and Ireland signed 4 treaties for the Northern Ireland peace accord. Formation of a new government was postponed.
    (WSJ, 3/9/99, p.A1)

1999        Mar 15, In Northern Ireland Rosemary Nelson (40), a Catholic human rights lawyer, was killed by a car bomb in Lurgan. In 2000 William Thompson, a former British soldier, was arraigned on terrorist charges following an inquiry into Nelson's death.
    (SFC, 3/16/99, p.A8)(SFC, 3/17/00, p.D4)

1999        Mar 17, In Belfast gunmen killed Frankie Curry, a Protestant extremist recently paroled from prison.
    (SFC, 3/18/99, p.A12)

1999        Mar 21, In Northern Ireland masked men beat a 13-year-old boy with baseball bats at Newtownards.
    (SFC, 3/22/99, p.A10)

1999        Apr 1, Bertie Ahern and Tony Blair called for the rival paramilitary groups to surrender their weapons on a new all-Ireland holiday, a "day of reconciliation" devoted to peace.
    (SFC, 4/2/99, p.D2)

1999        Jun 30, Peace talks in Northern Ireland, set for a midnight deadline by British PM Tony Blair, were extended in an attempt to reach an accord.
    (SFC, 7/1/99, p.A12)

1999        Jul 2, In Northern Ireland Britain's Tony Blair and Ireland's Bertie Ahern issued a take-or-leave-it plan for a new local government to begin in 2 weeks before the IRA gives up any of its guns with disarmament to begin later.
    (SFC, 7/3/99, p.A1)

1999        Jul 10, The Parades Commission reversed a previous ban and gave the Protestant Orange Order permission to gather at Ormeau Park after the parade route was altered.
    (SFEC, 7/11/99, p.A24)

1999        Jul 14, In Northern Ireland the Ulster Unionists under David Trimble rejected a compromise for the creation of a power sharing government.
    (SFC, 7/15/99, p.A12)

1999        Aug 14, Violence broke out in Londonderry and Belfast before and during the Apprentice Boys of Derry march.
    (SFEC, 8/15/99, p.A21)

1999        Sep 10, The Independent Commission on Policing for Northern Ireland issued its recommendations which included more Catholics on the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) police force.
    (SFC, 9/10/99, p.A12)

1999        Nov 17, In Northern Ireland the IRA said that it would back the peace agreement and agreed to appoint a go-between to the commission charged with disarming the paramilitaries.
    (SFC, 11/18/99, p.A16)

1999        Nov 27, In Northern Ireland the Ulster Unionist Party approved its leader-centering government with rivals from Sinn Fein. The Ulster Unionists cleared the way for the speedy formation of an unprecedented Protestant-Catholic administration.
    (SFEC, 11/28/99, p.A1)(AP, 11/27/04)

1999        Nov 29, Protestant and Catholic adversaries formed an extraordinary Northern Ireland government to bring together every branch of opinion within the bitterly divided society.
    (SFC, 11/30/99, p.A1)(AP, 11/29/00)

1999        Dec 1, Queen Elizabeth approved a law that granted semiautonomy to Northern Ireland and a midnight power passed formally from London to Belfast.
    (SFC, 12/2/99, p.A24)

1999        Dec 6, The new lawmakers approved a nearly 30% salary increase for themselves from $47,000 to $60,800.
    (SFC, 12/7/99, p.B3)

1999        Dec 8, In Northern Ireland Gerry Adams accused British spies of eavesdropping on secret discussions with IRA commanders using hidden surveillance gear in one of his party's cars.
    (SFC, 12/9/99, p.C4)

1999        Dec 13, Ireland and Northern Ireland began cross-border cooperation with a meeting in Armagh. Twice yearly summits called the North-South Ministerial Summit represented the first political link since partition in 1920.
    (SFC, 12/14/99, p.A12)

1999        The 1600 page book "Lost Lives" covered every killing over 30 years of the Troubles. Over 3,600 people were documented from all sides by David McKitrick of the London Independent, Seamus Kelters of the BBC, Chris Thornton of the Belfast Telegraph, and Brian Feeney of the Irish News.
    (SFC, 10/27/99, p.A12)

2000        Feb 1, Northern Ireland was on the brink of political crises after a disarmament report confirmed rebel groups had not surrendered any weapons.
    (WSJ, 2/2/00, p.A1)

2000        Feb 3, The British government announced that it would resume control over Northern Ireland within days if the IRA did not take steps to disarm.
    (SFC, 2/4/00, p.A10)

2000        Feb 6, In Northern Ireland suspected IRA members bombed a Mahon's Hotel in County Fermanagh.
    (SFC, 2/7/00, p.A14)

2000        Feb 9, In Britain the House of Commons passed a bill to suspend home-rule in Northern Ireland.
    (WSJ, 2/10/00, p.A1)

2000        Feb 11, Britain suspended the 10-week old power-sharing government of Northern Ireland. An independent panel reported progress on the question of disarmament by the IRA.
    (SFC, 2/12/00, p.A1)

2000        Feb 15, In Northern Ireland the IRA quit talks on disarmament in reprisal for Britain's suspension of the power-sharing government.
    (SFC, 2/16/00, p.A8)

2000        Mar 25, David Trimble defeated Rev. Martin Smyth with 57% of the vote of the ruling Ulster Party Council. Henry MacDonald was the author of a new biography on Trimble.
    (SFEC, 3/26/00, p.A21)

2000        May 27, In Belfast the Ulster Unionist Party’s ruling council voted to accept an IRA offer to put its weapons beyond use.
    (SFEC, 5/28/00, p.A1)

2000        Jun 20, In Northern Ireland Ulster Freedom Fighters threatened break their cease-fire and accused Catholic groups of attacking protestant homes.
    (SFC, 6/21/00, p.A12)

2000        Jun 26, In Northern Ireland the IRA allowed an independent examination of its clandestine arms for the 1st time in its 81 year history.
    (SFC, 6/27/00, p.A12)

2000        Jul 2, Police block the marchers of the Orange Order at Portadown.
    (SFC, 7/3/00, p.A12)

2000        Jul 4, In Northern Ireland protestors clashed with police in Belfast for a 2nd night due to restrictions on traditional parades in Catholic areas.
    (SFC, 7/5/00, p.A10)

2000        Jul 5, Rioting continued for a 4th day in Belfast to force authorities to allow the Orange Order to parade down Garvaghy Road in Portadown.
    (SFC, 7/6/00, p.A12)

2000        Jul 6, In Northern Ireland British authorities banned a 2nd Protestant parade from passing through Catholic territory.
    (SFC, 7/7/00, p.A12)

2000        Jul 8, A bomb exploded at the Stewartstown Royal Ulster Constabulary station with no injuries. The Orange Order announced plans to bring the country to a halt the next day if they are not allowed to march down Garvaghy Road in Portadown.
    (SFEC, 7/9/00, p.C12)

2000        Jul 9, In Northern Ireland some 2000 Orange Order marchers held a peaceful march at Drumcree.
    (SFC, 7/10/00, p.A8)

2000        Jul 28, In Northern Ireland 78 prisoners were released from the Maze Prison as part of the Good Friday Peace Accord.
    (SFC, 7/29/00, p.A12)

2000        Aug 12, Members of the Protestant Apprentice Boys marched through Londonderry following a deal with the mostly Catholic city.
    (SFEC, 8/13/00, p.B9)

2000        Aug 21, Britain deployed troops in Belfast after 2 men were killed in a feud between Protestant paramilitary factions. Sam Rocket was gunned down 2 days later in retaliation. The Ulster Defense Assoc. and the Ulster Volunteer Force appeared to be feuding over control of rackets.
    (WSJ, 8/22/00, p.A1)(SFC, 8/25/00, p.D5)(WSJ, 8/25/00, p.A1)

2000        Sep 30, In Northern Ireland the last 4 inmates left the Maze prison as part of the Good Friday Peace agreement. The prison was scheduled for shutdown.
    (SFEC, 10/1/00, p.D14)

2000        Dec 13, Pres. Clinton spoke in Northern Ireland and urged compromise to push forward the peace process. Disputes over police reform, British military installations and IRA weapons stayed unresolved.
    (SFC, 12/14/00, p.C4)

2001        Feb 28, Officials in Northern Ireland confirmed hoof-and-mouth disease in sheep imported from England. 8 more cases were confirmed in England and Wales.
    (SFC, 3/1/01, p.A10)

2001        May 16, The US State Dept. decided to designate the Real IRA as a terrorist organization and banned US fund raising by the group and its supporting organizations.
    (SFC, 5/18/01, p.D4)

2001        Jun 14, Riot police protected Catholic children going to school in North Belfast.
    (SFC, 12/30/01, p.D3)

2001        Jun 20, In Belfast police battled sectarian mobs in the worst rioting since 1998.
    (WSJ, 6/21/01, p.A1)

2001        Jun 21, In Belfast police and British soldiers battled Catholic and Protestant rioters for a 2nd day and 3rd night. 39 police officers were injured.
    (SFC, 6/22/01, p.A14)(WSJ, 6/22/01, p.A1)

2001        Jun 22, Riots in Belfast continued after Britain ordered more troops into the area in anticipation of weeks of confrontations.
    (SFC, 6/23/01, p.A8)

2001        Jun 23, David Trimble was re-elected as leader of the Ulster Unionist party and said he would quit the government next week if the IRA does not begin disarming by July 1.
    (SSFC, 6/24/01, p.A13)

2001        Jun 30, David Trimble, Ulster Unionist leader, resigned as the 1st minister of the joint Catholic-Protestant government.
    (SFC, 7/1/01, p.A13)

2001        Jul 8, Some 500 Orangemen marched at Drumcree and dispersed when confronted by police at Portadown.
    (SFC, 7/9/01, p.A8)

2001        Jul 10, Protestant militants withdrew support for the Northern Ireland peace accord.
    (WSJ, 7/11/01, p.A1)

2001        Jul 12, In Belfast police fought with rioters following a day of marches by Protestants.
    (SFC, 7/13/01, p.A14)

2001        Jul 29, In Northern Ireland Gavin Brett (18), a Protestant, was killed while standing with Catholic friends in Belfast. The Red Hand Defenders took credit, their 2nd this month.
    (SFC, 7/31/01, p.A7)

2001        Aug 6, The IRA announced a method of destroying its arsenal that raised hopes for a peace accord in Northern Ireland.
    (SFC, 8/7/01, p.A1)

2001        Aug 9, The IRA offered publicly to put its arsenal of weapons “completely and verifiably beyond use.”
    (SFC, 8/10/01, p.A16)

2001        Aug 10, Britain stepped in to save Northern Ireland's power-sharing government by taking away its powers for a day, a legal maneuver that removed a deadline to elect a new leader of the Catholic-Protestant government.
    (SFC, 8/11/01, p.A8)(AP, 8/10/02)

2001        Aug 11, Britain restored power-sharing in Northern Ireland after a 1-day suspension in order. The move allowed a 6-week postponement of whether or not to call new elections.
    (SSFC, 8/12/01, p.A1)
2001        Aug 11, In, Bogota, Colombia 3 members of the Irish Republican Army were arrested after spending 5 weeks training FARC rebels in explosives and terrorist tactics.
    (SFC, 8/14/01, p.A7)

2001        Aug 14, The IRA withdrew a plan to dispose of its weapons.
    (SFC, 8/15/01, p.A1)

2001        Aug 17, Britain revealed plans for overhauling Northern Ireland’s police department. Both Catholic and Protestant groups opposed the changes.
    (SFC, 8/18/01, p.A10)

2001        Sep 3, In Northern Ireland rioting broke out after Protestants screamed abuse and threw bottles at Catholic girls walking to Holy Cross Primary School through their Glenbryn-Ardoyne neighborhood. The 12-week protests ended Nov 24.
    (WSJ, 9/4/01, p.A1)(SSFC, 11/25/01, p.A16)

2001        Sep 5, Protestant extremists threw a homemade bomb at Catholic girls walking to school through a gauntlet of riot police. 2 police officers were wounded. The paramilitary Red Hand Defenders took responsibility.
    (SFC, 9/6/01, p.A1)

2001        Sep 26-27, Riots took place on north Belfast’s Crumlin road. 46 police officers were wounded by gasoline bombs, rocks and fire-crackers. The Ulster Defense Association (UDA) was blamed.
    (SFC, 9/29/01, p.B2)

2001        Sep 28, In Northern Ireland Martin O’Hagan (51), a Catholic journalist, was killed in a driveby shooting in Lurgan. O’Hagan had written exposes of Protestant extremists and their criminal activities. In 2008 police charged 3 suspected members of the outlawed Protestant paramilitary group, the Loyalist Volunteer Force,  with the murder.
    (SFC, 9/29/01, p.B2)(SFC, 11/23/01, p.D2)(AP, 9/25/08)

2001        Oct 12, The British government officially announced that 3 Protestant para-military forces in Northern Ireland had ended a 7-year cease fire.
    (SFC, 10/13/01, p.C1)

2001        Oct 18, In Northern Ireland Protestant politicians announced that they were pulling out of the power-sharing agreement with Catholics to protest the failure of the IRA to surrender its weapons.
    (SFC, 10/19/01, p.D4)

2001        Oct 21, In Northern Ireland Catholic and Protestant groups pelted each other with homemade grenades in the Limestone Road area of north Belfast.
    (SFC, 10/22/01, p.B2)

2001        Oct 23, The IRA began to destroy its arsenal of weapons in a move to save the Northern Ireland peace process.
    (SFC, 10/24/01, p.C3)

2001        Oct 24, Britain began tearing down 4 military installations in Northern Ireland in response to the IRA’s decision to disarm.
    (WSJ, 10/25/01, p.A1)

2001        Nov 2, Political leaders failed to agree on a leader.
    (SFC, 11/3/01, p.C1)

2001        Nov 6, In Northern Ireland David Trimble overcame blocking tactics and was re-elected 1st minister of the N. Ireland Assembly.
    (SFC, 11/7/01, p.A13)

2001        Dec, William Stobie, former British soldier and police informer, was shot dead in Belfast. He was the only man charged in connection with the 1989 murder of Patrick Finucane.
    (SFC, 4/18/03, p.A3)

2001        Marianne Elliott authored “The Catholics of Ulster,” a history of the province of Ulster.
    (WSJ, 3/13/01, p.A24)

2002        Jan 12, In Northern Ireland Protestant militants, the Red Hand Defenders, killed a Catholic postman, Daniel McColgan (20). On Jan 16 the group announced that it was disbanding and lifting its threat to kill Catholic workers.
    (WSJ, 1/14/02, p.A1)(SFC, 1/17/02, p.a10)

2002        Jun 5, In Belfast Alex Maskey, a Sinn Fein candidate, was elected mayor with 26 votes from the 51-member city council.
    (SFC, 6/6/02, p.A10)

2002        Jun 23, Rival groups of Protestants and Catholics clashed on the streets of north Belfast, Northern Ireland, following a weekend of sporadic sectarian violence.
    (AP, 6/23/03)

2002        Jul 7, In Northern Ireland Protestant hard-liners battled riot police after being barred from parading through the main Catholic section of Portadown.
    (AP, 7/7/02)

2002        Jul 22, In Northern Ireland Gerald Lawlor (19), a Catholic man, was shot to death after a night of gun attacks left two others wounded in north Belfast. The Ulster Defense Assoc. claimed responsibility. UDA attackers selected Lawlor because he was walking through a predominantly Catholic area and wearing the green-and-white shirt of Glasgow Celtic, a Scottish soccer club supported exclusively by Catholics in Northern Ireland.
    (AP, 7/22/02)(SFC, 7/23/02, p.A6)(AP, 7/26/02)

2002        Aug 1, In Northern Ireland a Protestant construction worker was killed with a booby-trap bomb. Police blamed the IRA.
    (SFC, 8/2/02, p.A17)

2002        Aug 3, In Londonderry, Northern Ireland, Catholic mail carriers went on strike, over fears they could be targeted in revenge for the latest killing of a local Protestant. Chris Whitson (20), a Catholic, was pummeled outside of Kelly’s nightclub in Belfast. He died Aug 13.
    (AP, 8/3/02)(AP, 8/13/02)

2002        Aug 8, In Northern Ireland  gunmen shot the son of Protestant extremist Johnny “Mad Dog” Adair in both legs, an act known as kneecapping.
    (WSJ, 8/9/02, p.A1)

2002        Oct 14, Britain suspended Northern Ireland's power-sharing government after a spying row threw the fledgling peace process into its worst political crisis since the Good Friday peace accord was signed in 1998.
    (AP, 10/14/02)

2002        cNov 4, An Ulster Catholic man was beaten and his hands were nailed to a fence post outside Belfast.
    (WSJ, 11/5/02, p.A1)

2003        Feb 1, In northern Ireland a protestant paramilitary commander and his friend were gunned down because of an apparent feud within his outlawed group.
    (AP, 2/2/03)

2003        Apr 8, In the 19th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom George W. Bush and Tony Blair met in Northern Ireland and endorsed a "vital role" for the United Nations when fighting ends in Iraq.
    (AP, 4/8/03)

2003        Oct 1, Prime Minister Bertie Ahern said Ireland will ban smoking from all workplaces, including pubs, in January despite rising opposition from lawmakers and business owners.
    (AP, 10/1/03)

2003        Nov 26, Northern Ireland voted for representatives to their provincial legislature. Hard-liners defeated moderates in Northern Ireland's legislative elections.
    (AP, 11/26/04)

2003        Nov 28, In Northern Ireland hard-liners defeated moderates in the Nov 26 legislative elections. The Democratic Unionists won 30 seats in the 108-member Assembly. The Ulster Unionists won 27 and Sinn Fein, the IRA-linked party, won 24.
    (AP, 11/28/03)(SFC, 11/29/03, p.A3)

2003        Richard English authored "Armed Struggle: The History of the IRA."
    (SSFC, 9/14/03, p.M3)

2004        May 18, Brian Stewart (34), a suspected member of an outlawed anti-Catholic gang, was shot dead in Belfast. Police said a likely motive was feuding between paramilitary extremists over control of rackets and criminal profits.
    (AP, 5/18/04)

2004        Jun 6, In Saudi Arabia Simon Chambers (36), an Irish cameraman working for the BBC, was killed in a shooting in Riyadh. A BBC correspondent was injured.
    (SFC, 6/7/04, A8)

2004        Jul 23, Joe Cahill (b.1920), a founding father of the modern Irish Republican Army who once narrowly avoided the hangman's noose, died in Belfast.
    (AP, 7/24/04)(SFC, 7/26/04, p.B4)

2004        Sep 18, Northern Ireland's rival Protestant and Roman Catholic parties are being left to find common ground on their own, after three days of intensive high-level talks failed to come up with a deal to revive power-sharing government in the province.
    (AFP, 9/19/04)

2004        Dec 8, British and Irish leaders published a detailed plan for reviving a Catholic-Protestant administration in Northern Ireland.
    (AP, 12/8/04)

2004        Dec 9, The Irish Republican Army declared for the first time that it's willing to get rid of its entire weapons stockpile within weeks.
    (AP, 12/9/04)

2004        Dec 20, Thieves stole more than $39 million from the Belfast headquarters of Northern Bank, the biggest robbery in Northern Ireland history. In 2008 detectives charged a man with laundering money from the robbery that authorities blamed on the outlawed IRA. In 2009 a jury found Ted Cunningham, a private financier, guilty of handling millions stolen from Northern Bank, a raid blamed on the outlawed IRA.
    (AP, 12/21/04)(SFC, 12/22/04, p.A3)(AP, 3/20/08)(AP, 3/27/09)

2005        Jan 30, In Northern Ireland’s Catholic enclave of Short Strand Robert McCartney (33), a Catholic forklift driver, was stabbed to death outside a pub crowded with Provisional IRA men. On June 3 Terence Davison (49), a reputed IRA veteran, was charged in the murder. In 2008 Davison was acquitted. In 2012 McCartney’s sisters decided to testify against Padraic Wilson (53), an IRA veteran and Sinn Fein activist.
    (Econ, 2/26/05, p.55)(SFC, 6/4/05, p.A3)(SSFC, 6/5/05, p.A3)(AP, 1/30/08)(AFP, 6/27/08)(AP, 11/3/12)

2005        Mar 9, President Bush's envoy to Northern Ireland called for the IRA to disband after the outlawed group made an unprecedented public offer to kill four men, including two of its own expelled members, linked to a Belfast slaying. The family of slain Northern Ireland man Robert McCartney have said they had rejected the IRA's offer of vigilante justice because only in court will "the truth come out."
    (AP, 3/9/05)(AFP, 3/9/05)

2005        Apr 7, The Irish Republican Army said it will consider an appeal by Sinn Fein party chief Gerry Adams to renounce violence, a long-elusive goal in Northern Ireland peacemaking.
    (AP, 4/7/05)

2005        May 7, David Trimble, Nobel Peace Prize laureate and one of the architects of Northern Ireland's 1998 peace accord, resigned as head of the Ulster Unionist Party after losing his seat in this week's parliamentary elections.
    (AP, 5/7/05)

2005        May 10, Northern Ireland State prosecutor Gordon Kerr told Belfast High Court that prosecutors have accepted a police recommendation to charge Sean Gerard Hoey (35) with the murders of all 29 people killed by the Aug. 15, 1998, bomb in Omagh.
    (AP, 5/10/05)

2005        Jun 4, In Northern Ireland Terence Davison (49), a reputed IRA veteran, was arraigned for the Jan 30 killing of Robert McCartney.
    (SSFC, 6/5/05, p.A3)

2005        Jun 17, In Northern Ireland Roman Catholic hard-liners assaulted police and Protestant marchers in a religiously polarized part of Belfast, and nearly 30 people were injured.
    (AP, 6/18/05)

2005        Jun 24, In Northern Ireland veteran negotiator Reg Empey was elected leader of the Ulster Unionists, a once-dominant Protestant party that has seen its support crumble because it backed Northern Ireland's 1998 peace pact.
    (AP, 6/24/05)

2005        Jul 10, In Northern Ireland police using a steel barricade prevented Protestant hard-liners from parading through the main Catholic section of Portadown.
    (AP, 7/11/05)

2005        Jul 12, Two gun attacks in Belfast left one man dead and another critically wounded on the eve of Northern Ireland's tensest day of the year — the divisive "Twelfth" holiday of mass Protestant marches.
    (AP, 7/12/05)

2005        Jul 28, The Irish Republican Army announced it will renounce violence and resume disarmament in a dramatic declaration designed to revive Northern Ireland's peace process.
    (AP, 7/28/05)

2005        Aug 1, Britain revealed a two-year plan for slashing its army garrison and base network to peacetime levels in Northern Ireland in a dramatic, detailed response to Irish Republican Army peace moves.
    (AP, 8/1/05)

2005        Aug 4, In Northern Ireland some 40 police officers were injured trying to break up a five-hour riot by Protestant militants who burned 10 cars and a double-decker bus in Belfast. The mob claimed to be venting their anger over recent police raids on the homes of Protestant paramilitary figures in the area. About 15 homes were raided and six men arrested shortly before the riot began.
    (AP, 8/5/05)

2005        Aug 10, Thomas Devlin (15) was attacked and stabbed to death as he walked home with friends in north Belfast.
    (http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/issues/violence/deaths2005draft.htm)(AP, 10/20/07)

2005        Aug 18, The three IRA-linked fugitives who fled convictions in Colombia surrendered to Irish police after eight months on the run.
    (AP, 8/18/05)

2005        Sep 10, In Northern Ireland Protestant extremists threw homemade grenades, gasoline bombs and other makeshift weapons and at least a dozen police and two civilians were wounded in the latest fury over a restricted Belfast parade. Most of the rioting took place in Belfast’s ten most disadvantaged wards.
    (AP, 9/11/05)(Econ, 9/17/05, p.57)

2005        Sep 12, Protestant extremists attacked Northern Ireland police and British troops into a third day, littering streets with rubble and burned-out vehicles in violence sparked by anger over a restricted parade.
    (AP, 9/12/05)

2005        Sep 14, Britain declared that the Ulster Volunteer Force, a major outlawed Protestant group in Northern Ireland, has abandoned its 11-year-old truce and is an enemy of the peace once again.
    (AP, 9/14/05)

2005        Sep 23, Sinn Fein and Irish government leaders said the outlawed Irish Republican Army is ready to dispose of its stockpiled arms in a long-sought peace move, possibly within the next week, after their first meeting in eight months.
    (AP, 9/24/05)

2005        Sep 26, The Canadian general who supervised the tortuous process said the Irish Republican Army has given up its entire arsenal of weapons.
    (AP, 9/26/05)

2005        Sep 27, Protestant politicians rejected the Irish Republican Army's disarmament as inadequate, and said they would not share power in Northern Ireland's government with the IRA's political party Sinn Fein for years, if ever.
    (AP, 9/27/05)

2005        Sep 29, Detectives said the IRA is still in business as owners of pubs and clubs, smugglers of fuel and cigarettes, bank robbers by night and property investors by day. Ireland's Criminal Assets Bureau, the United Kingdom Assets Recovery Agency and the Police Service of Northern Ireland estimate that IRA rackets generate more than $20 million annually.
    (AP, 9/29/05)

2005        Oct 4, Jim Gray (43), one of Northern Ireland's most high-profile Protestant militants was shot to death outside his home in east Belfast, more than six months after he was ousted by his outlawed group.
    (AP, 10/4/05)

2005        Oct 7, In Belfast, Northern Ireland, police and secret service agents arrested Sean Garland (71) and 6 accomplices of an IRA splinter group for conspiring with North Korea to distribute counterfeit $100 bills.
    (WSJ, 10/12/05, p.A1)

2005        Oct 17, The British government announced that smoking will be banned at all workplaces as well as pubs and restaurants in Northern Ireland from April 2007.
    (AP, 10/17/05)

2005        Nov 2, Police in Northern Ireland arrested a 30-year-old man in Belfast a day after two others were taken into custody in the city of Kilcoo in relation to last year's $47 million bank robbery.
    (AP, 11/2/05)

2005        Nov 22, Detectives arrested a suspected Irish Republican Army dissident on suspicion of involvement in a 1998 car-bombing that killed 29 people in Omagh.
    (AP, 11/22/05)

2005        Nov 24, In Northern Ireland Abbas Boutrab (32), an Algerian man, was convicted of possessing information on making a concealed bomb that could be used to blow up a commercial airliner. Police initially arrested Boutrab in 2003 on suspicion of being an illegal immigrant.
    (AP, 11/24/05)

2005        Nov 29, In Northern Ireland 2 bank employees were arrested on suspicion of involvement in the Dec 20, 2004, robbery of their Belfast bank, raising questions about whether the British-record theft could have been an inside job.
    (AP, 11/29/05)

2005        Dec 7, In Northern Ireland Chris Ward (24), a Northern Bank supervisor who claimed he aided a gang of robbers under the threat of death, was charged as a willing participant in the record Dec 20, 2004, $50 million heist.
    (AP, 12/07/05)

2005        Dec 16, In Northern Ireland Sinn Fein expelled Denis Donaldson (55), a prominent party member, for serving as a British agent for the past two decades. Donaldson said he worked both as an important backroom official for Sinn Fein and as a paid informer for the British.
    (AP, 12/17/05)(AP, 12/23/05)

2005        Dec 19, The United Kingdom's first gay couple to win legal recognition under a new civil partnership law drove past protesters to make their vows inside Belfast City Hall.
    (AP, 12/19/05)

2006        Feb 1, A joint British and Irish report said the Irish Republican Army has halted violence but is still gathering intelligence on enemies and remains deeply involved in organized crime.
    (AP, 2/1/06)

2006        Feb 24, In Northern Ireland a gang stole $350,000 from a bank in Belfast. The tactics used were similar to the Feb 22 robbery in London.
    (AP, 2/24/06)

2006        May 7, In Northern Ireland Michael McIlveen (15), a Roman Catholic teenager, was hospitalized in critical condition after being bludgeoning with baseball bats in the overwhelmingly Protestant town of Ballymena. He died the next day. Police interrogated 5 Protestant men on suspicion of the attack.
    (AP, 5/8/06)

2006        May 15, Northern Ireland's legislature, shut down for more than three years, sprang back to life as a first step toward forming a Roman Catholic-Protestant administration, the elusive goal of the Good Friday peace accord eight years ago.
    (AP, 5/15/06)

2006        Jul 10, Britain unveiled a $6 million program to replace Belfast's towering paramilitary wall murals in the most hard-line Protestant areas with more positive, less threatening art works.
    (AP, 7/10/06)

2006        Jul 12, Protestants will share power with the Catholics of Sinn Fein "over our dead bodies," Ian Paisley thundered as tens of thousands of Protestant marchers celebrated the most divisive day on Northern Ireland's calendar.
    (AP, 7/13/06)

2006        Aug 12, In Northern Ireland about 15,000 Protestants paraded through Londonderry, predominantly Roman Catholic city, following a night of Catholic rioting.
    (AP, 8/12/06)

2006        Oct 4, British PM Tony Blair said the Irish Republican Army's violent campaign in Northern Ireland is over, following a report into paramilitary activity that raised hopes of reviving self-rule.
    (AP, 10/4/06)

2006        Oct 30, Northern Ireland began demolition of the Maze prison for a sports complex.
    (WSJ, 10/31/06, p.A1)

2006        Nov 22, Britain's parliament passed legislation allowing the Northern Ireland Assembly to be dissolved in January and an election held weeks later in hopes of reviving a Catholic-Protestant administration.
    (AP, 11/22/06)

2006        Nov 24, Michael Stone (51), a Protestant extremist, triggered a panicked evacuation of the Northern Ireland Assembly. He was charged the next day with attempting to murder 4 people. In 2008 Stone was found guilty of trying to murder Sinn Fein leaders Gerry Adams and Martin McGuinness at the Northern Ireland Assembly. He was sentenced to 16 years in prison.
    (AP, 11/25/06)(AP, 11/14/08)(AFP, 12/8/08)

2006        Dec 29, Sinn Fein leaders voted to convene an emergency conference and confront a pivotal issue in Northern Ireland peacemaking, whether the IRA-linked party should support the police.
    (AP, 12/29/06)

2007        Jan 22, In Northern Ireland a report was published that detailed how some in the old Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) protected a band of loyalist paramilitary killers.
    (Econ, 1/27/07, p.56)

2007        Jan 26, William James Fulton, a Protestant extremist was convicted on 48 terror counts and sentenced to 28 years in prison, following the longest criminal trial in Northern Ireland's history. The court found him guilty of killing a grandmother with a pipe bomb, wounding four police officers with a grenade, possessing firearms used for other killings, smuggling drugs and a host of other crimes.
    (AP, 1/26/07)

2007        Jan 28, Sinn Fein members overwhelmingly voted to begin cooperating with the Northern Ireland police, formally abandoning their decades-old hostility to legal law and order in the British territory.
    (AP, 1/28/07)

2007        Mar 9, In Northern Ireland substantial election results showed the polar extremes of politics have strengthened their grip on the province's legislature, ensuring they will control any future Catholic-Protestant administration. Anna Lo (56), a Hong Kong native who has lived in Northern Ireland for 32 years, became the first ethnic minority to be elected to political office. Lo was one of seven people elected to the 108-member Northern Ireland Assembly from the Alliance Party, which seeks to draw support from all sides of the community.
    (AP, 3/9/07)(AP, 3/10/07)

2007        Mar 22, Gordon Brown, Britain’s Chancellor of the Exchequer, said the government will grant 35 billion pounds to Northern Ireland over the next four years.
    (AP, 3/22/07)

2007        Mar 26, The leaders of Northern Ireland's major Protestant and Catholic parties, sitting side by side for the first time in history, announced a breakthrough deal to forge a power-sharing administration May 8.
    (AP, 3/26/07)

2007        Mar 27, British lawmakers unanimously passed an emergency bill to preserve the Northern Ireland Assembly and permit its Protestant and Catholic leaders to forge a historic administration by a new May 8 deadline.
    (AP, 3/27/07)

2007        Mar 29, Northern Ireland's largest paramilitary group ousted one of its commanders in what it called an effort to crack down on criminal rackets. The Ulster Defense Association, an outlawed Protestant organization, removed Gary Fisher, a so-called "brigadier" of an area that includes predominantly Protestant northern suburbs of Belfast.
    (AP, 3/30/07)

2007        Mar 31, In Northern Ireland the public sector employed more than a third of 770,000 people in jobs.
    (Econ, 3/31/07, p.16)

2007        Apr 4, In Northern Ireland protestant leader Ian Paisley shook hands with Irish PM Bertie Ahern in public for the first time, marking another small step on the path to peace.
    (AP, 4/4/07)

2007        Apr 23, In Northern Ireland Brendan Cranston (42), was shot through both legs and beaten, while his 38-year-old partner, Linda Doherty, also was assaulted. A brother-in-law of Martin McGuinness, the Sinn Fein deputy leader supposed to oversee a new power-sharing government for Northern Ireland, was charged on April 26 with kidnapping and assaulting the couple in an IRA-style operation.
    (AP, 4/26/07)

2007        May 3, The Ulster Volunteer Force, an outlawed Northern Ireland group that for decades attacked the province's Catholic minority, renounced violence and pledged to disarm.
    (AP, 5/3/07)

2007        May 8, In Northern Ireland Protestant firebrand Ian Paisley and IRA veteran Martin McGuinness formed a long-unthinkable alliance as power-sharing went from dream to reality.
    (AP, 5/8/07)

2007        Jun 19, Students at a Northern Ireland high school were receiving counseling after three 15-year-old classmates hanged themselves over the past month.
    (AP, 6/19/07)

2007        Jun 25, The final British troops withdrew from the Northern Ireland borderland long known as "bandit country," ending a 37-year mission to keep watch over the Irish Republican Army's most dangerous power base.
    (AP, 6/25/07)

2007        Jul 12, Tens of thousands of Protestant hard-liners marched without trouble through Northern Ireland's streets in an annual event that once ignited conflict with Catholics, but passed peacefully this year, thanks to a succeeding peace process. An estimated 75,000 Orangemen accompanied by fife-and-drum units popularly known as "kick the pope" bands paraded through Belfast and 17 other cities and towns.
    (AP, 7/12/07)

2007        Jul 31, The British army marked a milestone of peacemaking as it formally ended its 38-year mission to bolster security in Northern Ireland.
    (AP, 7/31/07)

2007        Aug 21, In Northern Ireland animal rights officials seized more than a dozen dogs bred for combat in the latest crackdown on illegal dogfighting.
    (AP, 8/22/07)

2007        Sep 8, The Rev. Ian Paisley said he is stepping down as leader of the hard-line Protestant church he founded 56 years ago, a decision his opponents say was inevitable after he angered many by cooperating with Sinn Fein to form a Northern Ireland government.
    (AP, 9/9/07)

2007        Oct 20, In Northern Ireland Paul Quinn (21), a truck driver from south Armagh, was brutally beaten to death. Assailants used iron bars and baseball bats studded with nails. His death was said to be related to smuggling diesel fuel. Relatives said he was murdered for defying an IRA order to leave after quarrels in his village of Cullyhanna.
    (Econ, 10/27/07, p.67)(SFC, 12/14/07, p.A22)

2007        Nov 3, Martin Meehan (62), a one-time Irish Republican Army commander who spurred IRA members toward compromise, died of an apparent heart attack in his Belfast home.
    (AP, 11/3/07)

2007        Nov 11, The major Northern Ireland Protestant paramilitary group, the Ulster Defense Association, announced it was formally renouncing violence, but a commander said the group would not surrender its weapons to international disarmament officials.
    (AP, 11/11/07)

2007        Nov 20, The British government announced that the legal age of sexual consent in Northern Ireland will be lowered to 16 in line with the rest of the United Kingdom.
    (AP, 11/21/07)

2007        Nov 21, Owners of the only salmon farm in Northern Ireland said they have lost their entire population of more than 100,000 fish, worth some $2 million, to a jellyfish attack. Pelagia nocticula, popularly known as the mauve stinger, is noted for its purplish night-time glow and its propensity for terrorizing bathers in the warmer Mediterranean Sea. Until the past decade, the mauve stinger has rarely been spotted so far north in British or Irish waters, and scientists cite this as evidence of global warming.
    (AP, 11/22/07)

2008        Jan 18, Ian Paisley, head of Northern Ireland’s Democratic Unionist Party (DUP), stepped away from the helm of the Free Presbyterian Church, which he had founded in 1951.
    (Econ, 1/26/08, p.55)

2008        Mar 4, Ian Paisley, the fiery Protestant preacher who reversed a lifetime of stubbornness to embrace an unlikely peace, announced his retirement as leader of Northern Ireland's power-sharing government with Roman Catholics.
    (AP, 3/4/08)

2008        Jun 4, The rival parties in Northern Ireland's power-sharing administration announced a deal that will permit both sides to elect a new leader and keep their unlikely coalition running.
    (AP, 6/4/08)

2008        Aug 16, A man used Semtex in a rocket-propelled grenade attack against Northern Ireland police officers, the first attack using the deadly explosive since paramilitary groups agreed to hand in their weapons.
    (AP, 8/19/08)

2008        Nov 10, International experts said in a report that Irish Republican Army splinter groups are launching more attacks in Northern Ireland than at any time in recent years, and are increasingly trying to kill police officers.
    (AP, 11/10/08)

2008        Nov 18, Northern Ireland's leaders announced a deal allowing power-sharing cabinet meetings to resume in the British province for the first time in over four months.
    (AFP, 11/18/08)

2008        Nov 23, In Northern Ireland 4 police officers were killed in an early morning road accident.
    (AFP, 11/23/08)

2009        Mar 7, Suspected IRA dissidents opened fire on British troops and pizza delivery men at the entrance to Massereene army barracks in Antrim, west of Belfast, killing two soldiers and wounding four other people. The attackers fired on Mark Quinsey (23) and Patrick Azimkar (21) again as they lay wounded on the ground. A week later 3 men were arrested over the killings. On March 27 Colin Duffy (41), a prominent dissident republican, was remanded in custody after being charged with the murders of the two British soldiers. He was linked to the soldiers' murder by DNA evidence. On April 2 police arrested a 19-year-old man on suspicion of gunning down the two British soldiers. On Jan 20, 2012, Brian Shivers (46) was found guilty of the shooting and sentenced to at least 25 years in prison. Colin Duffy was cleared. On May 3, 2013, a judge dismissed the forensic evidence against Shivers and ruled he was too feeble to have played a role.
    (AP, 3/8/09)(AFP, 3/14/09)(Econ, 3/14/09, p.59)(AFP, 3/27/09)(AP, 4/2/09)(AFP, 1/20/12)(AP, 2/10/12)(AP, 5/3/13)

2009        Mar 9, In Northern Ireland Constable Stephen Paul Carroll (48) was shot in the head in an area known to be home to nationalist republican supporters in Craigavon, 20 miles southwest of Belfast. The Continuity IRA said it killed the police officer. On March 30, 2012, Brendan McConville (40) and John Paul Wootton (20) were both found guilty of murder following a two-month trial.
    (AFP, 3/10/09)(AP, 3/10/09)(AP, 3/30/12)

2009        Mar 10, Police in Northern Ireland arrested 2 suspects in the fatal shooting of Constable Stephen Paul Carroll. On March 24 one of the suspects, a Northern Ireland teenager (17), was charged with the dissident IRA killing of Carroll. The teen had an assault rifle and 26 rounds of ammunition and refused to say a word to his interrogators during 13 days of questioning. On March 25 Brendan McConville (37), a former Sinn Fein councilman was arraigned on charges of murdering Carroll.
    (WSJ, 3/11/09, p.A16)(AP, 3/24/09)(AP, 3/25/09)

2009        Mar 15, Northern Ireland's police commander said about 300 Irish Republican Army dissidents backed by "a few nutters and idiots" are trying to tear apart the peace process, as his detectives interrogated nine people over the killings of two soldiers and a policeman.
    (AP, 3/15/09)

2009        Mar 30, In Northern Ireland suspected IRA dissidents and their supporters hijacked cars in working-class Catholic areas in a coordinated effort to block roads and threaten police stations.
    (AP, 3/31/09)

2009        May 24, In Northern Ireland over 20 militant Protestant supporters of the Glasgow Rangers soccer team beat to death a Catholic man in Coleraine after the Rangers clinched a championship.
    (SFC, 5/26/09, p.A2)

2009        Jun 16, In Northern Ireland racist thugs armed with bricks and bottles forced more than 100 Romanian Gypsies from their Belfast homes in a wave of attacks that sent them fleeing to the safety of a nearby church.
    (AP, 6/17/09)

2009        Jun 23, Northern Ireland’s government said more than 100 Romanian Gypsies who suffered racist attacks and intimidation in Belfast are being flown back home at taxpayer expense.
    (AP, 6/24/09)

2009        Jun 27, Northern Ireland's oldest paramilitary group, the Ulster Volunteer Force, announced its full disarmament, a long-sought peacemaking move that, if confirmed, would formally end the pro-British group's decades of terror against Irish Catholics.
    (AP, 6/27/09)

2009        Sep 8, The British government said the last remaining armed paramilitary groups in Northern Ireland had pledged to decommission all their weapons within six months. Hours later army experts in Northern Ireland defused a massive roadside bomb, averting what could have been a "devastating" explosion in the long-troubled British province.
    (AP, 9/8/09)(AFP, 9/8/09)

2009        Oct 11, The Irish National Liberation Army (INLA), an IRA splinter group responsible for some of the most notorious killings of the Northern Ireland conflict, renounced violence and signaled it could hand over weapons soon to disarmament officials.
    (AP, 10/11/09)

2009        Oct 16, The girlfriend of a Northern Ireland police officer was slightly injured when a bomb exploded under her car in Belfast, sparking fears of a resurgence of violence here.
    (AP, 10/16/09)

2009        Nov 21, In Northern Ireland a car containing a 400-pound (180kg) device, crashed through barriers outside the Belfast headquarters of the province's policing supervision board and partially exploded. Elsewhere, police exchanged shots with paramilitaries in a border village and 3 people were arrested.
    (AFP, 11/22/09)

2009        Dec 30, Irish Roman Catholic Cardinal Cahal Daly (92), a philosopher who led the church in Ireland during some of the worst years of IRA violence, died in Belfast.
    (AP, 12/31/09)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cahal_Daly)

2010        Jan 6, In Northern Ireland the major British Protestant paramilitary group, the Ulster Defense Association, announced it has fully disarmed, finally meeting the key requirement of the province's 1998 peace accord.
    (AP, 1/6/10)

2010        Jan 9, British media reported that Iris Robinson (60), the disgraced wife of Northern Ireland's leader, will step down as a lawmaker within days as pressure mounted on Peter Robinson and the province's shaky coalition government. The reported move follows the revelation that she had an adulterous relationship with a man nearly 40 years her junior, and allegations that she solicited tens of thousands of pounds (dollars) from businessmen to help the teenager launch a cafe. She was 58 at the time, and the man was 19.
    (AP, 1/9/10)

2010        Jan 11, Northern Ireland's speaker of the regional assembly said Protestant leader Peter Robinson will temporarily step down for 6 weeks in the wake of a scandal over his wife's affair with a 19-year-old man. He will be replaced by his Protestant colleague Arlene Foster.
    (AP, 1/11/10)

2010        Jan 25, The British and Irish governments launched a mission to save Northern Ireland's unraveling administration, a Catholic-Protestant coalition that the territory's 1998 peace accord intended would promote a lasting new era of nonviolent compromise.
    (AP, 1/25/10)

2010        Jan 26, The prime ministers of Britain and Ireland held a second day of talks with political parties in Northern Ireland as they struggled to keep the fractious Catholic-Protestant government there from collapsing.
    (AP, 1/26/10)

2010        Jan 27, The prime ministers of Britain and Ireland presented a compromise plan to keep Northern Ireland's fractious politicians from breaking up their Catholic-Protestant government, but neither side accepted the deal.
    (AP, 1/27/10)

2010        Feb 4, The Irish Catholic party Sinn Fein halted marathon negotiations to save Northern Ireland's power-sharing government and said it's now up to the Protestant side to accept a compromise deal.
    (AP, 2/4/10)

2010        Feb 5, A breakthrough deal to save Northern Ireland's Catholic-Protestant government gave a new lease of life to an awkward partnership of former foes that still must overcome many obstacles to survive. The deal commits the Northern Ireland Assembly to elect a justice minister March 9 and Britain to transfer control of more than 20 criminal justice and law-enforcement agencies to Belfast on April 12.
    (AP, 2/5/10)

2010        Feb 6, The Irish National Liberation Army, a ruthless IRA splinter group responsible for some of Northern Ireland's most notorious killings, said it has surrendered its weapons just days before an Anglo-Irish disarmament deadline is due to expire.
    (AP, 2/6/10)

2010        Feb 8, The Irish National Liberation Army (INLA), a paramilitary group responsible for dozens of murders during Northern Ireland's three decades of sectarian violence, said that it had disarmed.
    (AFP, 2/8/10)

2010        Feb 22, In Northern Ireland a car bomb detonated in Newry, between Dublin and Belfast. Irish Republican Army dissidents gave police officers just 17 minutes to evacuate the center of a border town before the blast. The attack on the courthouse was the first of its kind in nearly a decade.
    (AP, 2/23/10)

2010        Feb 24, In Northern Ireland an unidentified man, believed to be between 35 and 40, was found shot in the head with his wrists bound and wearing only his underwear on the outskirts of Londonderry, near the border with Ireland.
    (AFP, 2/25/10)

2010        Mar 2, Ian Paisley (83), the hard-line Northern Ireland evangelist who led Protestants into power-sharing with Catholics, announced he will retire from the British Parliament after a 40-year career.
    (AP, 3/2/10)

2010        Mar 4, Liam Adams, the brother of Sinn Fein party leader Gerry Adams, surrendered to Irish authorities to face 23 charges of sexually abusing his daughter. He fled to the Republic of Ireland to avoid a November 2008 Belfast hearing over the charges of abusing his daughter Aine for eight years when she was a child.
    (AP, 3/4/10)

2010        Mar 31, Scotland and Northern Ireland were battered by snow, gale force winds and torrential rain, leaving thousands of people without power and causing havoc on roads.
    (AP, 3/31/10)

2010        Apr 12, Northern Ireland's Catholic and Protestant lawmakers appointed David Ford their first justice minister, a power-sharing landmark that IRA dissidents protested by bombing the local base of Britain's spy agency MI5.
    (AP, 4/12/10)

2010        May 6, Northern Ireland's First Minister Peter Robinson crashed to a shock defeat in the general election after a sex and cash scandal involving his wife battered his reputation.
    (AFP, 5/7/10)

2010        May 16, Aviation officials closed airports in northern England, Scotland and Northern Ireland due to a drifting, dense cloud of volcanic ash from Iceland.
    (AP, 5/16/10)

2010        May 28, In Northern Ireland a man was shot dead on the Shankill Road in Belfast, a staunchly Protestant area of Northern Ireland's capital. Gunman walked up behind Bobby Moffett on a busy street, shot him once in the torso, then twice more as he lay on the sidewalk. On Sep 15 a panel of terrorism experts ruled that a Protestant militant group in Northern Ireland, the Ulster Volunteer Force, killed Moffett and broke its promise to renounce violence.
    (AFP, 5/28/10)(AP, 9/15/10)

2010        Jun 15, An epic 12-year investigation into Northern Ireland's biggest mass killing by British soldiers reached a bittersweet climax as relatives of the 13 Catholic demonstrators killed on "Bloody Sunday" began reading a 5,000-page report into why the 1972 slaughter happened. The probe ruled that British soldiers were entirely to blame for the killings.
    (AP, 6/15/10)(SFC, 6/16/10, p.A2)

2010        Jun 24, The Police Service of Northern Ireland arrested Fermin Vila Michelena (40), a Basque separatist, in central Belfast. Michelena faced three Spanish arrest warrants over a string of ETA attacks. A ministry statement accused Michelena of membership in an ETA terror cell that committed four car-bomb attacks in Spain  in 2001.
    (AP, 6/25/10)

2010        Jul 12, In Northern Ireland more than 50,000 Protestants assembled at 18 marching locations across this British territory of 1.8 million. They paraded under banners depicting the July 12, 1690, victory of Protestant King William of Orange versus the forces of his rival for the British throne, James II, at the Battle of the Boyne south of Belfast. Some Protestant areas suffered violence early in the morning during eve-of-parade celebrations around hundreds of makeshift bonfires. 27 officers suffered mostly minor injuries during street clashes the previous evening with more than 200 masked Irish Catholics. Fresh rioting by Catholics opposed to Protestant marches in Belfast injured another 28 police officers.
    (AP, 7/12/10)(AFP, 7/13/10)

2010        Jul 14, Northern Ireland police came under live fire during a third straight night of Belfast unrest. No officers were hit by gunfire, but police said several officers suffered minor injuries, adding to the 82 already wounded.
    (AP, 7/14/10)

2010        Aug 3, In Northern Ireland Irish Republican Army dissidents detonated a bomb in a hijacked taxi outside a police base in Londonderry, damaging buildings but wounding no one despite the attackers' inaccurate warning. On Jan 12, 2011, police charged Londonderry resident Martin McCloone with six criminal counts connected to the attack.
    (AP, 8/3/10)(AP, 1/12/11)

2010        Oct 1, In Northern Ireland Paul McCaugherty (43), a self-described senior Irish Republican Army dissident, received a 20-year prison sentence for trying to buy guns, explosives and other weapons from undercover British agents. He had been convicted in June of attempted arms smuggling.
    (AP, 10/1/10)

2010        Oct 5, In Northern Ireland a dissident Irish Republican Army car bomb damaged a hotel, bank and other businesses but caused no injuries in Londonderry, the sixth such attack this year in the British territory.
    (AP, 10/5/10)

2010        Oct 30, Northern Ireland police seized a dissident IRA bomb packed into a beer keg and were inspecting a potential car bomb parked outside Belfast International Airport, the latest efforts to undermine peace in the British territory.
    (AP, 10/31/10)

2010        Northern Ireland journalist Ed Moloney authored "Voices From the Grave," a book based on interviews provided by Northern Ireland militants to Boston College researchers on condition they not be published until the interviewees were dead. It identifies Sinn Fein leader Gerry Adams as a key Irish Republican Army figure who directed some of the IRA's most notorious killings and bombings. Moloney had detailed Adams' IRA record in his 2002 book "A Secret History of the IRA." The new book also includes the story of Protestant bomber-turned-peacemaker David Ervine, who died in 2007.
    (AP, 3/29/10)

2011        Apr 2, In Northern Ireland Catholic officer Ronan Kerr (25) was killed by a bomb placed under his car outside his home in Omagh, the scene of Northern Ireland's worst ever terror atrocity. He had completed his training only three weeks ago. A 33-year-old man was later charged with terrorism-related offences related to the mruder. On May 10 police arrested a woman in connection with the car bomb.
    (AFP, 4/3/11)(AFP, 5/10/11)

2011        Apr 9, In Northern Ireland a 500-pound van bomb was diffused near the border town of Newry.
    (SSFC, 4/10/11, p.A4)

2011        May 5, Northern Ireland held elections. Early returns showed strong support for the two dominant pillars in Northern Ireland politics: the Protestants of the Democratic Unionists and the Catholics of Sinn Fein.
    (AP, 5/6/11)

2011        Jun 20, In Northern Ireland sectarian clashes erupted on Belfast's streets as masked Protestant rioters attacked Catholic homes.
    (AP, 6/21/11)

2011        Jul 2, Six Northern Ireland police officers were injured as "significant disorder" erupted on the streets of Belfast, just over a week after the worst clashes there for years.
    (AFP, 7/2/11)

2011        Jul 11, In Northern Ireland serious rioting erupted in Belfast injuring 22 officers, as tension mounted before the culmination of Northern Ireland's main Protestant marching season.
    (AFP, 7/12/11)

2011        Jul 12, In Northern Ireland the Protestant brotherhood's parades themselves passed peacefully, but several hundred Catholic youths attacked police both before and after the sectarian demonstrations.
    (AP, 7/13/11)

2011        Jul 13, Northern Ireland police said 40 officers have been injured during two nights of Catholic riots inspired by the mass parades of the province's Protestant majority. 27 people were arrested.
    (AP, 7/13/11)(AFP, 7/14/11)

2011        Aug 13, Northern Ireland police came under attack from Irish Catholic rioters in the British territory's second-largest city of Londonderry but reported no serious injuries. Several hours of violence followed a peaceful parade through the medieval walled center of Londonderry by about 12,000 members of the Apprentice Boys of Derry.
    (AP, 8/13/11)

2011        Sep 25, Northern Ireland's Gusty Spence (b.1933), a former paramilitary leader turned peacemaker, died.
    (Reuters, 9/25/11)

2011        Sep 26, In Northern Ireland a failed car bomb, planted on a road junction in Londonderry, snarled traffic until it was removed the next day. Police arrested three suspected Irish Republican Army dissidents.
    (AP, 9/27/11)

2011        Oct 12, In Northern Ireland a small bomb in a backpack damaged the entrance of the City of Culture office in Londonderry. An Irish Republican Army splinter group using a recognized code word claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 10/13/11)

2011        Oct 21, A Lithuanian judge found Michael Campbell (39), an Irish man, guilty of trying to buy weapons and explosives in a six-year sting orchestrated by Britain's domestic spy agency MI5, a case that drew attention to a hardcore Irish Republican Army splinter group's plans to spread terror to London. He was sentenced to 12 years in prison for weapons offenses and supporting a terrorist group.
    (AP, 10/21/11)

2011        Oct 25, In Ireland 2 people died and hundreds were stranded in northern and eastern Ireland after torrential rain closed roads and rail lines, left shops and homes under water. Dublin was put on an emergency footing.
    (Reuters, 10/25/11)

2011        Nov 3, In Northern Ireland Liam Adams (56), a brother of Sinn Fein leader Gerry Adams, was sent to jail after he was arraigned on 18 charges of raping and indecently assaulting one of his daughters. He had fled Belfast in 2008 after police charged him with repeatedly abusing his daughter Aine when she was aged 4 to 10.
    (AP, 11/3/11)

2012        Jan 17, In Northern Ireland British Army experts defused a pipe bomb near a Catholic elementary school in Belfast. Police said they found the bomb near the scene of an overnight fire that destroyed a small shop across the street from the school.
    (AP, 1/17/12)

2012        Jan 20, In Northern Ireland officials confirmed that 3 babies have died in the last week to 10 days after an infectious outbreak linked to the pseudomonas bacteria in a Belfast hospital.
    (AFP, 1/20/12)

2012        Feb 9, In Buncrana, Ireland, Andrew "Chubby" Allen (24) died after a gunman on foot opened fire through a window of his home and struck the victim at least once in the head. Allen last year fled his Northern Ireland hometown of Londonderry after receiving death threats from Republican Action Against Drugs, an organization forged by former members of both the IRA and a rival group called the Irish National Liberation Army.
    (AP, 2/10/12)

2012        Mar 30, In Northern Ireland IRA dissidents launched a violent protest against the convictions of Brendan McConville (40) and John Paul Wootton (20) in the March 9, 2009, killing of Constable Stephen Carroll. Masked men hijacked and burned a van and two cars in Craigavon, the town southwest of Belfast where Carroll was killed and McConville lived. Police urged drivers to avoid the area.
    (AP, 3/31/12)

2012        May 19, In Northern Ireland 7 Irish nationalists were charged over the last two days of involvement in militant activity, three under a rarely used law against "directing terrorism."
    (Reuters, 5/19/12)

2012        Jul 12, In Northern Ireland tens of thousands of Protestants from the Orange Order brotherhood marched from their lodges in an annual demonstration that often ends in violence. More than 20 officers were hurt in overnight violence following rival Protestant and Catholic marches through Belfast that saw up to 10 shots fired at them.
    (AP, 7/12/12)(Reuters, 7/13/12)

2012        Aug 23, Jordan's Paralympic committee said it has withdrawn three members from a pre-Games training camp in Northern Ireland over charges of sex offences.
    (AFP, 8/23/12)

2012        Sep 3, Police in Northern Ireland fired plastic bullets and water cannon on rioters late today in a second night of sectarian clashes between Catholics and Protestants. 47 officers were injured in the overnight clashes.
    (Reuters, 9/4/12)(SFC, 9/4/12, p.A2)

2012        Sep 29, In Northern Ireland thousands of Protestants marched peacefully through the heart of Belfast amid a heavy security presence.
    (AP, 9/29/12)

2012        Oct 18, In Northern Ireland a Belfast judge ruled that unmarried and same-sex couples should be allowed to adopt children, overturning a 1987 adoption law that discriminated against both groups.
    (AP, 10/18/12)
2012        Oct 18, The first abortion clinic on the island of Ireland opened in Belfast, sparking protests by conservatives from both the Catholic and Protestant sides of Northern Ireland.
    (AP, 10/18/12)

2012        Nov 1, A veteran Northern Ireland prison officer was killed in a gun ambush as he was driving to work, the first slaying of a security-force member in the British territory in 18 months. David Black (52) worked at Maghaberry Prison, where more than 40 IRA inmates have been waging protests for more than a year. The next day Northern Ireland police arrested 3 suspected Irish Republican Army militants. One was identified as Colin Duffy (44), the most prominent Irish republican in Lurgan. Duffy and another suspect were released on Nov 4.
    (AP, 11/1/12)(AP, 11/2/12)(AP, 11/5/12)

2012        Nov 11, Ireland's PM Enda Kenny laid a wreath in Enniskillen to honor fallen soldiers at a British Remembrance Day service for the first time, the latest gesture of reconciliation between historic foes. Deputy Prime Minister Eamon Gilmore became the first Irish minister to attend a Remembrance Day service at Belfast City Hall, laying a wreath at the city's cenotaph.
    (AP, 11/11/12)

2012        Nov 12, A new Irish Republican Army faction in Northern Ireland claimed responsibility for its first killing and defended the bloodshed as a necessary act of vengeance. The group said its members shot to death David Black on Nov 1 because he worked as a guard at Northern Ireland's top-security Maghaberry prison.
    (AP, 11/13/12)

2012        Nov 26, A man (22) from Northern Ireland was arrested in Britain in connection with the death of Northern Ireland policeman Ronan Kerr, who was killed in April last year when a bomb exploded under his car.
    (Reuters, 11/26/12)

2012        Dec 3, In Northern Ireland a vote in the Belfast City Council reduced sharply the flying of the British flag atop the city hall. The Alliance Party, which represents middle-ground opinion and seeks support from both sides of the community, voted with the Catholic side to take down the flag except for 18 official days annually. Protestants reacted with violence.
    (AP, 12/6/12)

2012        Dec 5, In Northern Ireland more than 1,500 Protestants rallied in the northern suburb of Carrickfergus demanding that the British flag be restored atop Belfast's municipal headquarters. The protest soon descended into attacks on riot police.
    (AP, 12/6/12)

2012        Dec 6, Northern Ireland police rammed a car and seized an Irish Republican Army bomb late today, hours ahead of a visit by US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, a one-day trip being overshadowed by an upsurge in sectarian passions. Police arrested three men in the disabled car and a fourth suspect nearby.
    (AP, 12/7/12)

2012        Dec 12, In Northern Ireland protests began when the Belfast city council voted to limit the number of days the union flag is flown over city hall to about 20 a year.
    (Econ, 1/12/13, p.50)

2013        Jan 3, In Northern Ireland 8 police officers were injured when protests at the removal of the British flag from Belfast City Hall turned violent for the first time in more than two weeks.
    (Reuters, 1/3/13)

2013        Jan 5, Northern Ireland police used water cannons to fend off brick-hurling protesters in Belfast as demonstrations continued over flying the British flag.
    (SSFC, 1/6/13, p.A4)

2013        Jan 8, Pro-British protesters pelted police with petrol bombs and fireworks in a sixth successive night of rioting in Northern Ireland's capital of Belfast.
    (Reuters, 1/8/13)

2013        Jan 11, Police in Northern Ireland fired plastic bullets and water cannon at rioters who wounded four officers with missiles and petrol bombs in the latest outbreak of anger at the removal of the British flag from Belfast City Hall.
    (AP, 1/11/13)

2013        Jan 12, Northern Ireland police fought day-and-night street battles with Protestant militants as a protest march to Belfast City Hall degenerated into riots when many marchers returned home to the Protestant east side. 29 officers were injured.
    (AP, 1/12/13)

2013        Jan 25, Northern Irish police were pelted by petrol bombs for the first time in almost two weeks on Friday after more protests at the removal of the British flag from Belfast City Hall.
    (AP, 1/25/13)

2013        Mar 8, In Northern Ireland 5 police officers were injured in the worst rioting for weeks in Belfast in a dispute over the flying of Irish flags near a predominantly pro-British area.
    (Reuters, 3/8/13)

2013        Mar 23, Northern Irish police defused a bomb in a car in Enniskillen, close to where G8 leaders will meet at a summit in June, and said that the device was likely to have been intended for a police station nearby.
    (AP, 3/23/13)

2013        May 9, Northern Ireland officials said they hope to tear down the so-called “peace lines,” walls of brick steel and barbed wire that have divided Irish Catholic and British Protestant neighborhoods going back to 1970, within a decade.
    (SFC, 5/10/13, p.A3)

2013        Jun 17, President Barack Obama, speaking in Belfast, declared peace in Northern Ireland a "blueprint" for those living amid conflict around the world, while acknowledging that the calm between Catholics and Protestants will face further tests.
    (AP, 6/17/13)
2013        Jun 17, G8 leaders began meeting in Northern Ireland. They dedicated themselves to a political solution to Syria's bloody civil war, even as President Barack Obama and Russian President Vladimir Putin staked out diametrically opposite stands on which side deserves military support.
    (AP, 6/17/13) (AP, 6/18/13)

2013        Jun 18, In Northern Ireland a G-8 initiative reflected widespread anger over the ability of foreign companies to funnel profits to tax-friendly countries. As part of the G-8's plans, to be developed at a G-20 summit later this year, multinationals would be obliged to declare how much tax they pay in each country where they operate.
    (AP, 6/18/13)

2013        Jul 12, In Northern Ireland protestant hardliners attacked lines of Belfast riot police as the annual mass marches by the Orange Order brotherhood reached a furious, chaotic end with running street battles at several conflict zones.
    (AP, 7/12/13)

2013        Jul 13, In Northern Ireland 32 police officers were injured and 11 people arrested during overnight violence around traditional Orange Day parades.
    (Reuters, 7/13/13)

2013        Jul 15, Northern Ireland rioters threw petrol bombs, bricks, bottles and fireworks at police in a third night of violence around traditional Protestant marches, wounding one officer early today.
    (Reuters, 7/15/13)

2013        Jul 16, In Northern Ireland protestant youths hurled petrol bombs at police, wounding at least 27 officers in a fourth night of protests over restrictions on traditional marches.
    (Reuters, 7/16/13)

2013        Aug 9, In Northern Ireland 56 police officers and 2 civilians were injured in clashes in central Belfast in the latest flare-up in tensions between Protestant and Catholic communities.
    (Reuters, 8/10/13)

2013        Nov 24, In Northern Ireland masked men wearing boiler suits hijacked a car, loaded it with a bomb containing about 60 kg (130 pounds) of home-made explosives and told the terrified driver to go to a shopping center. He left his vehicle near the mall car park and raised the alarm, causing police to evacuate the area. As army disposal experts began to disable the bomb the detonator exploded, but failed to trigger the rest of the device, damaging only the empty car.
    (AFP, 11/25/13)

2013        Nov 27, In Northern Ireland Liam Adams (58), the brother of Sinn Fein president Gerry Adams, was jailed for 16 years for raping his own daughter in the late 1970s and early 1980s, when she was between 4 and 9 years old.
    (AFP, 11/27/13)

2013        Dec 2, At a ceremony in Londonderry, Northern Ireland, French artist Laure Prouvost won Britain's Turner prize for contemporary art for her video installation set among a mock-tea party setting entitled "Wantee."
    (AFP, 12/3/13)

2013        Dec 31, Marathon talks between the leaders of Northern Ireland's Catholic and Protestant communities broke down without agreement to ease tensions that have led to one of the worst years of rioting in the British province for a decade.
    (Reuters, 12/31/13)

2014        Mar 13, Edward Haughey (70), Northern Ireland's wealthiest man, died after his helicopter crashed in thick fog in eastern England. He had founded Norbrook Laboratories, a world-leading veterinary drugs company.
    (AP, 3/14/14)

2014        Apr 18, In Northern Ireland gunmen escorted Tommy Crossan (43), a senior Irish Republican Army hard-liner, to a fuel depot and shot him in the head and body at close range. Residents said a Catholic priest was called to give him the last rites. Police soon arrested a man for questioning about the killing.
    (AP, 4/19/14)

2014        Apr 30, In Northern Ireland Sinn Fein leader Gerry Adams (65) was taken into police custody over his alleged role in the 1972 Irish Republican Army's abduction, killing and secret burial of Jean McConvillle a Belfast mother of 10. Adams was released on May 4.
    (AP, 5/1/14)(SFC, 5/5/14, p.A4)

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End of file