Return to homeAfricaNet: http://www.africanet.com/countries/coted.htm#HISTORY
US Library of Congress: http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/citoc.html
WDR: http://travel.dk.com/wdr/CI/mCI_Intr.htm East of Liberia, formerly part of French West
(WUD, 1994, p.759)
Ivory Coast covers 124,503 square miles of tropical forest and
farmland in the south and savannah in the north. It is slightly
larger than New Mexico.
Ivory Coast has some 60 different ethnic groups, the largest of
which are the Baoule, Bete, Senoufou, Malinke and Agni. French is
the official language. Various African languages are also spoken.
Estimated Muslim 35-40%, Christian 20-30%,
indigenous 25-40% (some of whom are also numbered among Christians
The world's largest cocoa producer. Over 85
percent of the labor force works in agriculture.
(AP, 9/24/02)(SSFC, 11/7/04,
1710-1895 Muslim rulers led the
Kong Empire, also known as the Wattara or Outtara Empire, which
spread across West Africa. It embraced a diversity of religious
groups straddling what later became Burkina Faso and Ivory Coast.
(Econ, 4/23/11, p.51)
1960 Aug 7, Ivory Coast became
independent from France. Felix Houphouet-Boigny (b.1905) began to
rule Ivory Coast as prime minister. Houphouet-Boigny lead the
country until his death in 1993. Encouragement of investment and
stability made it one of region's most prosperous.
(SFC, 12/25/99, p.A12)(AP, 9/24/02)
1960 Nov 3, Felix
Houphouet-Boigny (b.1905) began to rule Ivory Coast as president.
1965 Ivory Coast, formerly
French West Africa, established independence.
(WUD, 1994, p.759)
1971 Abidjan is the capital
(pop. 258,000), a seaport town on the Gulf of Guinea.
(AHD, 1971, p.3)
1975 May 25, ECOWAS Treaty1 was
signed. The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) was
formed in Nigeria with 15 members that included: Benin, Burkina
Faso, Cape Verde, Côte d'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea,
Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone,
1980s Felix Houphouet-Boigny
built a $150 million duplication of St. Paul's Cathedral.
(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R4)
1983 Yamoussoukro became the
official capital of Ivory Coast.
(SSFC, 11/7/04, p.A3)
1990 Nov 7, In Ivory Coast
Alassane Ouattara (b.1942) served as prime minister under Pres.
Felix Houphouet-Boigny. He continued in office to 1993.
1990 Sep 10, In Ivory Coast
Pope Paul II consecrated the Basilique Notre Dame de la Paix on the
condition that a hospital for the poor be built next door. It was
constructed between 1985 and 1989 at a cost of $300 million. Work on
the hospital began in 2012.
(Econ, 6/16/12, p.60)(http://tinyurl.com/ne47e)
1990 Charles Taylor began the
war in Liberia from the Ivory Coast.
(SFC, 5/11/96, p.A-9)
1993 Dec 7, In the Ivory Coast
Felix Houphouet-Boigny (b.1905), Ivory Coast founder and ruler since
1960, died. Pres. Henri Konan Bedie took power.
1994 Pres. Henri Konan Bedie,
an ethnic Baoule, won re-election with 96%, opposition claims sham.
(WSJ, 10/24/95, p.A-1)
1995 Nov, Violence caused the
postponement of elections.
(SFC, 12/30/96, p.A8)
1995 Pres. Bedie disqualified
northerner Ouattara from the presidential race and alienated many
(SFC, 12/25/99, p.A12)
1996 The country has been
flooded with 350,000 Liberian refugees, who have fled across the
border since Charles Taylor began the war from the Ivory Coast six
(SFC, 5/11/96, p.A-9)
1996 Dec 29, The 2nd
multi-party elections, parliamentary by-elections, were held. Eight
of the National Assembly’s 175 seats were contested.
(SFC, 12/30/96, p.A8)
1996 The national debt
increased to $19.7 billion.
(SFC, 1/6/00, p.A10)
1997 Aug 22, Togo-born singer
King Mensah Papavi lived in Paris and was hailed as the best African
singer of 1997. He was backed by his girlfriend Tetia Oyourou of the
(SFC, 8/22/97, p.A1,12)
1997 Dec 25, It was reported
that early marriages in sub-Saharan Africa were still very common.
Islamic law allows the marriage of girls as soon as they can
1998 Feb 5, Kevin Leveille
(26), a Peace Corp worker from Ventura, Ca., was attacked and killed
in Tanda. He had 2 months left in his assigned task of working on
water and sanitation problems.
(SFC, 2/7/98, p.11)
1998 Jun 26, Alioune Blondin
Beye, a diplomat from Mali, crashed in a small plane near Abidjan.
He had just met with Togo Pres. Gnassigbe Eyadema to support peace
talks in Angola. Three other passengers were Koffi Adjovi of Togo,
journalist Moktar Gueye of Senegal, and Baendegar Dessandre of Chad.
(SFEC, 6/28/98, p.A18)
1998 Nov 30, Britain along with
Lesotho, Burkino Faso, the Ivory Coast and Tajikistan signed a
global treaty for an Int’l. Criminal Court to try war crimes. The
accord was approved in July at conference in Rome and 61 countries
had signed on. The court required 60 countries to pass legislation
(SFC, 12/1/98, p.A11)
1998 The French documentary
film “Woubi, Cheri" was about gays and transvestites living in the
(SFC, 5/20/98, p.E3)
1998 The film “Nadro" was about
the Ivory Coast poet and writer Frederic Bruly Bouabre.
(SFEC, 9/20/98, DB p.50)
1999 May 27, Police stormed a
hall at the Universite d'Abidjan and brutally dispersed an FESCI
student gathering planning for nationwide strikes.
(SFC, 5/29/99, p.A14)
1999 Sep 15, Police arrested
several hundred political activists and placed Alassane Dramane
Ouattara under house arrest. Pres. Henri Konan Bedie and the ruling
Democratic Party charged that Ouattara, head of the Rally of the
Republicans, could not run for president because his father was born
in Burkina Faso.
(SFC, 9/16/99, p.A13)
1999 Dec 23, In Ivory Coast
soldiers went on a rampage in Abidjan with gunshots and looting in
protest over money and perks.
(SFC, 12/24/99, p.A12)
1999 Dec 24, In Ivory Coast
Gen. Robert Guei declared a military coup and an end to the rule by
Pres. Henri Konan Bedie. Guei's regime was seen as fomenting ethnic,
political and ethnic unrest in a bid to keep power.
(SFC, 12/25/99, p.A12)(AP, 9/24/02)
1999 Dec 26, In the Ivory Coast
Pres. Henri Konan Bedie fled with his family to Lome, Togo,
following the military coup.
(SFC, 12/27/99, p.A13)
2000 Jan 5, Gen. Robert Guei
announced that he was suspending the country's staggering foreign
(SFC, 1/6/00, p.A10)
2000 Jan 30, A Kenyan Airbus
310 crashed into the sea after takeoff from Abidjan, Ivory Coast.
Kenya Airways Flight 431 carried 179 people. 10 survivors were
pulled from the water.
(SFC, 1/31/00, p.A1)(WSJ, 1/31/00, p.A1)
2000 May 18, Gen. Robert Guei
dissolved the interim government.
(SFC, 5/19/00, p.D4)
2000 Jul 23, Voters cast
ballots for a new constitution intended to restore civilian rule.
The new constitution was approved overwhelmingly.
(SFC, 7/24/00, p.A14)(SFC, 7/26/00, p.A14)
2000 Jul, In the Ivory Coast
the military reached an agreement with mutinous soldiers. Lump sum
payments of $1,600 were promised to soldiers, who had demanded
(SFC, 7/6/00, p.A13)
2000 Aug 30, The elections
scheduled for Sep 17 were postponed to Oct 22.
(SFC, 8/31/00, p.D12)
2000 Aug, Gen. Robert Guei
announced his candidacy for the presidency. He had initially
promised not to seek office.
(SFC, 8/31/00, p.D12)
2000 Sep 12, It was reported
that Waldron’s red colobus, a loud-mouthed, red-cheeked monkey from
Ghana and the Ivory Coast, was last seen in the 1970s and was
(SFC, 9/11/00, p.A10)
2000 Sep 18, Loyalist soldiers
drove back attackers in an assassination attempt on Gen. Guei. 2
bodyguards were killed.
(SFC, 9/19/00, p.A10)
2000 Oct 4, In the Ivory Coast
a bus-station bombing killed 4 people and a state of emergency was
(WSJ, 10/6/00, p.A1)
2000 Oct 6, The Supreme Court
disqualified former Prime Minister Alassane Ouattara and most other
candidates from the presidential elections.
(SFC, 10/7/00, p.A10)
2000 Oct 22, In the Ivory Coast
elections were held with candidates from the 2 biggest parties
excluded. All candidates from the Muslim north, 40% of the
population, were excluded. The tally was halted when early returns
put Socialist Laurent Gbagho ahead.
(SFC, 10/23/00, p.A10)(WSJ, 10/24/00, p.A1)
2000 Oct 24, In the Ivory Coast
Gen. Robert Guei declared himself the winner in presidential
elections and dissolved the electoral commission that showed his
main opponent in the lead. Protests broke out, at least 2 people
were killed and a state of emergency was declared.
(SFC, 10/25/00, p.A15)(WSJ, 10/25/00, p.A1)
2000 Oct 25, A people’s revolt
forced Gen. Robert Guei out of power. Laurent Gbagbo (55) of the
Ivorian Popular Front was introduced over state TV as the new head
(SFC, 10/26/00, p.A16)
2000 Oct 26, Dozens of people
were reported killed as supporters of Alassane Ouattara called for
(SFC, 10/27/00, p.A21)
2000 Oct 27, The bodies of 57
young men were found outside Abidjan. Ouattara claimed the men were
members of his Rally of the Republicans party and were killed by
paramilitary police. 8 gendarmes were acquitted in 2001 due to lack
(SFEC, 10/29/00, p.A22)(SFC, 8/4/01, p.A10)
2000 Dec 4, Protestors clashed
with riot police in Abidjan. The city was paralyzed and least 2
people were killed.
(SFC, 12/5/00, p.A15)
2000 Dec 5, Police battled
opposition supporters for a 2nd day and at least 10 people were
(SFC, 12/6/00, p.A18)
2000 Dec 10, Ivory coast
proceeded with parliamentary elections against the wishes of both
France and the US.
(SFC, 12/11/00, p.A13)
2001 Jan 7, In the Ivory Coast
mutinous soldiers attacked the broadcasting facilities and offices
of state television and radio in Abidjan. The coup attempt was
reported to have failed. 32 people were arrested and at least 8
people were killed.
(SFC, 1/8/01, p.A9)(SFC, 1/9/01, p.A15)
2001 Jan 14, Special elections
for 26 parliamentary seats were completed in northern Ivory Coast.
(SFC, 1/15/01, p.A15)
2001 Jan 19, Thousands of
people fled the Ivory Coast for Burkino Faso to escape attacks on
foreigners. As many as 10,000 were arriving each week and others
were fleeing to Mali, Ghana and Niger.
(SFC, 1/20/01, p.A14)
2002 Jun 28, In Abidjan, Ivory
Coast, a court certified the nationality of Alassane Dramane
Ouattara, the main opposition leader.
(SSFC, 6/30/02, p.A20)
2002 Jul 6, Residents of the
Ivory Coast voted in local elections seen as a test of whether
President Laurent Gbagbo's government has turned the page on two
years of ethnic and political turbulence.
2002 Jul 8, In the Ivory Coast
local elections meant to close the door on years of turbulence ended
with complaints by angry crowds that they were not allowed to vote.
2002 Sep 14, In Ivory Coast’s
Azagny National Park there were only 39,000 western chimpanzees left
of an original 600,000. The western chimpanzee, one of four
subspecies of the common chimpanzee, was already extinct in the wild
in Benin, Gambia and Togo. It was almost extinct in Senegal, Burkina
Faso, Guinea, Guinea Bissau and Ghana.
2002 Sep 19, Ivory Coast's
former junta leader, Gen. Robert Guei, was killed after heavily
armed forces attacked government and security installations in
Abidjan and other cities in the West African country.
2002 Sep 20, Rebel soldiers dug
in at two Ivory Coast cities, reinforcing positions with heavy
weapons and handing out uniforms and guns to recruits, a day after
the government said it had crushed a bloody coup attempt.
2002 Sep 22, In the Ivory Coast
thousands of angry civilians marched through a rebel-held city of
Bouake, screaming anti-government slogans and cheering the
insurgents behind this West African nation's bloodiest military
2002 Sep 25, US military C-130s
and US troops landed in Ivory Coast to rescue Americans. American
schoolchildren escaped a rebel-held Ivory Coast city that was under
siege as US special forces and French troops moved in to rescue
Westerners caught in the West African nation's bloody uprising.
(AP, 9/25/02)(AP, 9/25/07)
2002 Sep, In Ivory Coast a
nine-month civil war began. It pitted northern rebels, led by
Guillaume Soro, against President Laurent Gbagbo and fueled
anti-foreigner hatred in the south. Fighting killed more than 3,000
people, uprooted more than 1 million others and split the country
into the rebel-held north and loyalist south.
(AP, 4/14/04)(Econ, 3/10/07, p.43)
2002 Oct 1, The French
bolstered their forces in Ivory Coast, flying in reinforcements and
establishing a tactical command post for military action in its
embattled former colony.
2002 Oct 16, Rebels controlling
the northern half of Ivory Coast agreed to a truce with the
government they attempted to overthrow.
2002 Oct 18, Ivory Coast began
a new cease-fire ending four weeks of fighting between government
and rebel forces.
2002 Nov 27-2002 Nov 28,
Fighting resumed in Ivory Coast, shattering a month long truce,
after rebel forces attacked government positions in the west of the
country. Government soldiers slaughtered more than 120 civilians
suspected of collaborating with rebels in Monoko-Zohi.
(AP, 11/27/02)(AP, 12/7/02)
2002 Nov 30, In the Ivory Coast
French troops evacuated the city of Man. The western rebels called
themselves the Ivorian Popular Movement for the Greater West and
held Danane. The northern rebels called themselves the Patriotic
Movement of Ivory Coast and denied connection to the western rebels.
(SSFC, 11/30/02, p.A18)
2002 Nov, 52 governments
ratified and adopted the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme
setting up an internationally recognized certification system for
rough diamonds and establishing national import/export standards.
This followed meetings that had begun in Kimberley, South Africa, in
2000. The scheme was fully implemented in August 2003.
2002 Dec 19, In the Ivory Coast
rebels captured the city of Man in the coffee-rich west and vowed to
continue their push until they reached the commercial capital, as
French troops prepared to face them.
2002 Dec 21, French forces
opened fire on rebels in western Ivory Coast, trying to stop the
insurgents from pushing past them toward the commercial capital
2002 Dec 30, In the Ivory Coast
a rebel helicopter bombing killed 12 civilians and injured several
2002 French president Jacques
Chirac received three million euros ($4 million) from Ivory Coast's
Laurent Gbagbo to finance his electoral campaign. This was made
public in 2011 by Robert Bourgi, a lawyer with a network of African
contacts who advised Chirac before changing camps in 2005 to aid
French President Nicolas Sarkozy. Bourgi also named Senegal's
Abdoulaye Wade, Burkina Faso's Blaise Compaore, and
Congo-Brazzaville's Denis Sassou Nguesso and Gabon's Omar Bongo as
2003 Jan 3, Ivory Coast Pres.
Laurent Gbagbo pledged to cease hostilities and send home foreign
mercenaries fighting with loyalist troops.
2003 Jan 4, Ivory Coast's main
rebel movement agreed to respect an oft-violated cease-fire and to
resume peace talks with the government later this month in Paris.
2003 Jan 6, Rebels in western
Ivory Coast attacked French troops and French officials said 30
rebels were killed and nine soldiers wounded.
2003 Jan 11, It was reported
that former combatants from Liberia and Sierra Leone were pouring
into Ivory Coast to fight with the rebels.
(SFC, 1/11/03, p.A8)
2003 Jan 15, Peace talks to
stop Ivory Coast's descent into war opened in Paris with a stern
warning from France that Africa's future was at stake.
2003 Jan 24, Ivory Coast
negotiators, trying to end a four-month-old civil war, reached a
draft peace settlement.
2003 Jan 25, Ivory Coast Pres.
Laurent Gbagbo accepted a peace plan to end the 4-month civil war.
Former PM Seydou Diarra would lead until new elections.
(SSFC, 1/26/03, p.A14)(WSJ, 1/27/03, p.A1)
2003 Jan 26, In Ivory Coast
loyalists, enraged by a peace deal with rebels, attacked the French
Embassy and army base.
(SFC, 1/27/03, p.A5)
2003 Jan 28, Ivory Coast's army
said it opposed a new peace deal with rebel forces. Ethnic fighting
flared amid violent protests over the proposed peace accord. A 4th
day of ethnic clashes reportedly killed 10 people.
(AP, 1/28/03)(AP, 1/29/03)
2003 Feb 1, In Ivory Coast
nearly 100,000 loyalists marched through Abidjan, burning French
flags and calling for the death of the French president in the
biggest protest yet against a French-brokered peace deal.
2003 Feb 28, Ivory
Coast-based mercenary fighters attacked and captured Toe Town on
Liberia’s eastern border. Liberia’s government considered the
assault “highly provocative" and “tantamount to a declaration of
war" by Ivory Coast.
2003 Mar 1, In the Ivory
Coast government helicopter gunships attacked a rebel-held
Bin-Houye, killing 20 civilians and injuring many others.
2003 Apr 3, Ivory Coast's
insurgents ended their boycott of a new unity government and urged
the international community to help make it work.
2003 Apr 17, The Ivory Coast
new unity government held its first Cabinet meeting with newly
sworn-in rebel ministers, even as the rebels accused the government
of new attacks.
2003 Apr 25, Fighters from
Sierra Leone and Liberia killed rebel leader Sgt. Felix Doh near the
town of Gbinta, in western Ivory Coast.
2003 Apr 28, The United States
pledged $4 million to help keep peacekeepers in the Ivory Coast in
addition to the $5 million it has already given to ECOWAS.
2003 May 4, In Ivory Coast a
new cease-fire agreement took effect, just hours after rebels
accused government forces of fresh attacks.
2003 May 12, The UN Security
Council tentatively agreed to send peacekeepers to the Ivory Coast
to help enforce an agreement aimed at ending nine months of civil
2003 Jun 17, Ivory Coast army
and rebel forces agreed to pull their forces back from battle
positions, strengthening a cease-fire in the former French colony.
2003 Jun 30, Ivory Coast Rebels
announced that they were suspending participation in the
power-sharing government, accusing the government of violating an
agreement ending nine months of civil war.
2003 Jul 4, Ivory Coast's
government and rebel officials declared an official end to the civil
war, 9 months after fighting erupted following a failed attempt to
oust Pres. Laurent Gbagbo.
2003 Jul 29, In Ivory Coast
thousands of college students rioted in Abidjan, demanding
compensation for a lost school year canceled by Ivory Coast's civil
2003 Aug 25, In Ivory Coast 2
French soldiers, part of a peacekeeping force, were killed.
2003 Sep 10, Ivory Coast
created a commission made up of members of the army and rebel
movements to chart the course of disarmament and reunification after
a 9-month civil war.
2003 Sep 23, Ivory Coast rebel
leaders said they were abandoning their posts in Ivory Coast's
power-sharing government and halting disarmament.
2003 Sep 26, In Ivory Coast
gunmen broke into a bank and sparked a night-long street battle that
left over 20 people dead. French troops rushed in the next day to
try to impose order.
2003 Oct 21, In Ivory Coast
Jean Helene, a French radio reporter, was shot and killed by a
police officer at police headquarters in Abidjan. On Jan 22, 2004,
police sergeant Dago Sery was sentenced to 17 years in prison for
(AP, 10/21/03)(WPR, 3/04, p.29)
2003 Dec 3, Ivory Coast
security forces fired tear gas at protesters who rallied for a 3rd
day outside the main French military base, demanding that
peacekeepers withdraw to allow resumed government attacks on rebels.
2003 Dec 11, Ahmadou Kourouma,
Ivorian writer, died. His 5th novel, incomplete, was published in
French in 2004.
(Econ, 8/28/04, p.76)
2003 Dec 12, Ivory Coast state
security forces repulsed an assault near the state television
station after a two-hour battle that left 18 people dead.
2003 Dec 22, Ivory Coast rebel
officials said they will rejoin a power-sharing government meant to
secure peace after a nine-month civil war in the divided West
2003 The African Development
(AfDB) fled its home in the Ivory Coast and set up operations in
(Econ, 5/19/07, p.50)
2004 Mar 12, Ivory Coast's
ruling party accused opposition groups of plotting with rebels to
overthrow the government, and it called on militant youth supporters
to "mobilize" in defense.
2004 Mar 24, In the Ivory Coast
about a dozen people were killed during a massive protest march.
2004 Mar 25, Rebels and the
main opposition party, Rally of Republicans, withdrew from Ivory
Coast's power-sharing government after security forces in Abidjan
fired on protesters demanding implementation of a peace deal. At
least 25 people were killed.
(AP, 3/25/04)(SFC, 3/26/04, p.A2)(SFC, 3/27/04,
2004 Apr 16, In Ivory Coast
journalist Guy-Andre Kieffer (b.1949), a dual citizen of France and
Canada, was kidnapped. He was working in the commercial capital,
Abidjan, as an independent journalist, writing articles about
2004 May 19, Ivory Coast's
president fired 3 rebel and opposition ministers from a national
unity government, including the leader of insurgents holding the
northern half of the country.
2004 Jun 22, In the Ivory Coast
dozens of boys and men suffocated in an airless, sweltering shipping
container. Rebels locked up more than 100 people for days. 75 bodies
were pulled out.
2004 Jul 30, Parties to Ivory
Coast's moribund peace process committed themselves again to
knitting their civil-war divided country back together, setting new
target dates for implementation of their peace deal at a summit in
2004 Sep 15, Eight French
speaking African countries began retiring over 1 billion in decaying
currency with new CFA francs. Benin, Burkina Faso, Guinea-Bissau,
Ivory Coast, Mali, Niger, Senegal and Togo had until Dec 31 to turn
in old bills for new ones.
(SFC, 9/15/04, p.C8)
2004 Nov 4, Ivory Coast
government warplanes bombed Boauke, the largest city in rebel-held
north, in what a military commander said was the launch of a new
offensive to reunite the war-divided nation. Guillaume Soro, rebel
leader of the New Forces, said 85 civilians were killed.
(AP, 11/4/04)(Econ, 11/13/04, p.52)
2004 Nov 6, Ivory Coast
warplanes bombed French peacekeepers, killing 8 French soldiers and
wounding 23. French forces responded by destroying the entire Ivory
Coast air force, 2 Russian-made jets and 5 helicopter gunships.
(AP, 11/6/04)(SSFC, 11/7/04, p.A3)
2004 Nov 6, The African Union
mandated South African President Thabo Mbeki to launch an urgent
mission to resolve the crisis in Ivory Coast.
2004 Nov 7, Machete-waving mobs
looted and burned in Ivory Coast's largest cities, laying siege to a
French military base and searching house to house for French
families after a day of sudden clashes between forces of France and
its former colony. France seized strategic control of Abidjan and
deployed new forces to stop the rampage.
(AP, 11/7/04)(SFC, 11/8/04, p.A3)
2004 Nov 8, In Ivory Coast
clashes with French troops left another 5 people dead and some 250
(SFC, 11/9/04, p.A3)
2004 Nov 9, In Ivory Coast
French soldiers killed at least 7 Gbagbo loyalists in a presidential
(WSJ, 11/10/04, p.A1)
2004 Nov 10, France and the UN
began evacuating thousands of French and other expatriates in Ivory
2004 Nov 15, The UN Security
Council imposed an immediate arms embargo on Ivory Coast's hard-line
2004 Nov 15, France concluded
its evacuation efforts in Ivory Coast, where 5,000 Westerners fled a
renewed civil war.
(WSJ, 11/16/04, p.A1)
2004 The Ivory Coast population
was about 17 million people.
(AP, 9/24/02)(SSFC, 11/7/04, p.A3)
2005 Apr 4, A one year mandate
for UN forces in the Ivory Coast ended. 6,000 UN and 4,000 French
troops separated the northern New Forces rebels from the southern
half under Pres. Laurent Gbagbo.
(Econ, 3/19/05, p.52)
2005 Apr 6, Ivory Coast's
warring factions agreed to end hostilities, start immediate
disarmament and make plans for new elections.
(AP, 4/6/05)(Econ, 4/16/05, p.39)
2005 Jun 2, The US and France
reached a tentative deal to boost the size of the UN peacekeeping
mission in Ivory Coast by nearly 2,000 troops and police to help
enforce a shaky peace deal. Meanwhile thousands fled a region where
a village was burned and 55 people killed by unidentified gunmen.
(AP, 6/3/05)(WSJ, 6/3/05, p.A1)
2005 Jul 23, In Abidjan, Ivory
Coast, unidentified assailants attacked two security force posts,
sparking gunfights that reportedly killed at least four people.
2005 Aug 20, General Mathias
Doue, former head of the Ivory Coast armed forces, said that the
departure of Pres. Laurent Gbagbo is the condition for a return to
(Econ, 8/27/05, p.40)
2005 Aug 30, South Africa's
foreign ministry called a halt to its role as peace mediator in
strife-torn Ivory Coast, saying it was in "no mood" to consider new
demands from rebels threatening to boycott October elections.
2005 Aug 31, In the Ivory Coast
a UN peacekeeper was killed in a knife attack in a northern rebel
stronghold of the war-divided country.
2005 Sep 10, In Ivory Coast
Guillaume Soro, head of the former rebel New Forces (FN), insisted
that his side no longer recognized South Africa's President Thabo
Mbeki as a mediator. UN Secretary General Kofi Annan admitted that
next month's planned presidential election would have to be
2005 Oct 6, Africa Union
leaders said Ivorian President Laurent Gbagbo's could stay in power
after his term expires on October 30, giving him up to a year more
in office in a bid to resolve the crisis in his divided country.
2005 Oct 13, The UN adopted AU
proposals giving Ivorian President Laurent Gbagbo a year more in
office with the caveat that he cede some powers to the prime
(Econ, 10/22/05, p.50)
2005 Oct 30, Ivory Coast
President Laurent Gbagbo, whose mandate was due to go into extra
time following the west African state's failure to hold elections,
pledged to do everything he could to organize a vote before a
one-year deadline set by the United Nations.
2006 Jan 18, In western Ivory
Coast 4 pro-government protesters were killed when UN peacekeepers
opened fire to repel an attack on their base in a third day of
2006 Jan 19, Violent street
protests erupted in Ivory Coast for a fourth day as hundreds of
government supporters ignored the president's call to stay home,
angry about a deadly firefight involving UN peacekeepers.
2006 Jan 25, The UN said that
thousands of refugees were without help after riots forced it to
curtail operations in Ivory Coast.
2006 Jan 29, Republic of Congo
President Denis Sassou-Nguesso launched his role as a top African
peace mediator, meeting with the prime minister of civil war-divided
Ivory Coast days after taking over as African Union head.
2006 Feb 6, In Ivory Coast 12
villagers were shot and hacked to death in an apparent grudge attack
over a pay dispute not far from the western town of Guiglo.
2006 Feb 7, In Ivory Coast the
UN was due to enforce sanctions on three political leaders judged to
have blocked a peace process.
2006 Feb 10, The UN said
Secretary-General Kofi Annan has sent Ivory Coast President Laurent
Gbagbo a $3.6 million bill for UN property and equipment damaged or
lost during January riots.
2006 Mar 4, Youssef Fofana, the
suspected leader of a gang accused of torturing to death a young
Jewish man near Paris, was extradited from the Ivory Coast to
2006 Jun 2, The UN Security
Council added 1,500 peacekeepers to its mission in Ivory Coast in
renewed efforts to restore order in the troubled West African
2006 Jun 21, The Ivory Coast
soccer team, the Elephants, won their 1st ever World Cup match in a
Group C consolation game against Serbia-Montenegro 3-2. They lost
their first 2 games against Argentina and the Netherlands.
2006 Jul 26, Pro-government
militia fighters in western Ivory Coast began laying down arms, the
first step of a delayed nationwide disarmament program.
2006 Aug 19, In Ivory Coast
waste, which contained hydrogen sulphide, was unloaded from a
Panamanian-registered ship, the Probo Koala, at Abidjan port and
then dumped in at least eight open air sites, including the city's
main rubbish dump. By mid-September 6 people had died and 16,000 had
sought treatment. Dutch-based Trafigura Beheer BV, one of the
world's leading commodities traders, said it had chartered the ship
and said the material was a "mixture of gasoline, water and caustic
washings" following the unloading of a cargo of gasoline in Nigeria.
The sludge was later blamed for killing 15 people and sickening
100,000 more. In 2009 Greenpeace said it had obtained internal
e-mails and other documents that show Trafigura Beheer BV executives
were aware the sludge was hazardous.
(Reuters, 9/7/06)(Econ, 9/16/06, p.58)(AP,
2006 Aug 25, A military truck
carrying UN peacekeepers crashed in Ivory Coast, killing six
Bangladeshi troops and injuring 11 others.
2006 Sep 7, Ivory Coast PM
Charles Konan Banny announced the resignation of his cabinet over
the Aug 19 toxic waste scandal.
2006 Sep 15, Ivory Coast
protesters beat up the transport minister in response to the Aug 19
toxic sludge shipment that sickened 30,000 people.
(WSJ, 9/16/06, p.A1)
2006 Sep 16, Ivory Coast named
a new Cabinet, replacing the ministers of transport and environment
but reappointing most others, after a toxic waste dumping scandal
prompted the resignation of the entire 32-member body last week.
2006 Sep 19, Ivory Coast
authorities arrested 2 French executives of Trafigura Beheer BV, the
Dutch commodities company implicated in the recent dumping of toxic
waste. Claude Dauphin and Jean-Pierre Valentini, charged with
poisoning and infractions of toxic waste laws, were sent to
(WSJ, 9/20/06, p.A10)
2006 Sep 29, The World Diamond
Council suggested that all Ghanaian rough-diamond exports be
suspended to ensure that Ivorian diamonds were not being illegally
exported. Rebel-controlled mines in Ivory Coast produced diamonds
worth up to $23 million that were being smuggled to Mali and Ghana,
violating UN sanctions and funding the rebel war effort.
(Econ, 11/11/06, p.53)
2006 Oct 8, Liberia’s
presidency said ECOWAS leaders, who met in Nigeria on Oct 6, had
agreed for an extension of the term of office of Ivory Coast
President Laurent Gbagbo by 12 months, paving the way for
presidential and general elections there.
2006 Oct 10, A draft UN report
said smugglers in the Ivory Coast were violating a UN ban on diamond
sales, illegally exporting the gems to neighboring countries for
2006 Oct 13, An Ivory Coast
Health Ministry spokesman said the number of people who have died
following the dumping of toxic waste around Abidjan has risen to 10.
2006 Oct 14, The UN election
chief in Ivory Coast said the war-divided nation's long-delayed vote
would be postponed for another year and should be held before
2006 Oct 16, Cocoa farmers
across Ivory Coast went on strike, holding back their crops to
protest low retail prices and high export taxes in a move that could
affect the world market.
2006 Nov 1, The UN Security
Council voted unanimously to extend Ivory Coast's transitional
government for a final year and give new powers to the country's
unelected prime minister to implement a peace plan and prepare for
2006 Nov 7, A shipload of toxic
waste arrived in France for disposal. It was collected from the
Ivory Coast following illegal dumping last August.
(WSJ, 11/8/06, p.A1)
2006 Dec 5, Ivory Coast police
fired into a crowd protesting President Laurent Gbagbo's regime and
killed one person, as political opponents mounted rallies in several
towns in the southern part of the divided West African country.
2007 Feb 7, Michel Niaucel, a
French diplomat with the European Union in Ivory Coast, was shot to
death in his home overnight. Niaucel was in charge of West Africa
security operations for the EU.
2007 Feb 13, Officials in the
Ivory Coast said that Trafigura, a Dutch-based oil trading company,
agreed to pay $197 million to secure the release of three executives
from an Ivory Coast prison and settle claims that it dumped toxic
waste that killed at least 10 people in the West African nation.
2007 Mar 4, Ivory Coast's Pres.
Laurent Gbagbo signed a peace accord with Guillaume Soro, the
country's main rebel leader, calling for a new government to hold
elections by the year's end, and for the dismantling of a vast
buffer zone separating the two sides. The latest deal is the result
of meetings between the two camps that started in early February
under the oversight of Burkina Faso President Blaise Compaore.
2007 Mar 20, The African Union
urged the UN Security Council to back a peace deal signed between
Ivorian President Laurent Gbagbo and the opposition by gradually
pulling its troops out of the country.
2007 Mar 27, Ivory Coast rebels
and mediators said Guillaume Soro, the main rebel leader, will
become prime minister in a new government called for in the
country's latest peace plan.
2007 Apr 4, New Ivory Coast PM
Guillaume Soro, a rebel leader who has controlled the north for four
years, took office, a key step in an accord aimed at bringing a
2007 Apr 11, The Ivory Coast
government and rebels signed an agreement with foreign peacekeepers
to dismantle a buffer zone dividing the west African nation since
2002. The deal required the head of the UN mission to sign off on
(AFP, 4/11/07)(Econ, 12/4/10, p.60)
2007 May 10, Guillaume Soro,
Ivory Coast's former rebel chief-turned Prime Minister, called for
the fostering of new era ties between Africa and Europe, in line
with modern developments.
2007 Jun 27, In Abidjan, Ivory
Coast, Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi said his plan for a United
States of Africa should include creating a two million strong army
to staunch recurrent conflicts which have ravaged many of the
continent's nations. He was on his way to an African Union summit
beginning on July 1 in neighboring Ghana's capital Accra.
2007 Jun 29, A plane carrying
Ivory Coast's PM Guillaume Soro came under heavy gunfire as it
landed at an airport in a northern region dominated by rebels allied
with the leader. 3 rockets killed four of his team and wounded 14
(AP, 6/29/07)(Econ, 7/21/07, p.48)
2007 Jul 20, The UN said that
it had confined a group of peacekeepers to their base in Ivory Coast
after receiving allegations of widespread sexual abuse, the latest
in a string of accusations of sexual violations by UN forces around
2007 Dec 22, Hundreds of
government soldiers withdrew from a vast buffer zone dividing Ivory
Coast, the first stage of a long-delayed nationwide disarmament
2007 Dec 30, Ivory Coast's New
Forces rebel group, now part of the unity government, accused
Ibrahim Coulibaly, one of its former leaders, of trying to stage a
2008 May 27, UN
Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon said the UN will investigate
allegations by a leading children's charity that UN peacekeepers are
involved in widespread sexual abuse of children. The report by Save
the Children UK was based on field research in southern Sudan, Ivory
Coast and Haiti.
2008 Sep 24, A US federal
appeals court ruled Ivory Coast plantation workers, who claimed they
were sterilized by a US-made pesticide, cannot sue the manufacturers
and distributors of the chemical in the US, because they can’t show
that the companies intended them harm. Some 700 workers accused US
companies of genocide for marketing DBCP abroad after the pesticide
was banned in the US.
(SFC, 9/25/08, p.B3)
2008 Oct 22, An Ivory Coast
court jailed Salomon Ugborugbo (39), a Nigerian man, for 20 years
for the 2006 dumping of hundreds of tons of toxic waste from an
international oil trader that killed at least 16 people and left
more than 100,000 needing treatment. Essouoin Koua Desire, who
played a key role in Ugborugbo's local company Tommy securing the
US$20,000 waste disposal contract, was also convicted and jailed for
2009 Jan 28, French PM Francois
Fillon said 1,000 French 1,650 soldiers would be pulled out from the
EUFOR mission to protect refugees in Chad. He also says France's
1,800-strong contingent in Ivory Coast will be reduced by half.
2009 Feb 27, The UN Children's
Fund said 53 million children are being targeted by a mass
immunization drive against polio in Benin, Burkina Faso, Ivory
Coast, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, and Togo. Some 844 polio cases were
reported in the 8 countries in 2008, 95% of them in Nigeria.
2009 Mar 29, In Abidjan, Ivory
Coast, a stampede at the Felix Houphouet-Boigny stadium left 19 dead
and at least 132 injured at a World Cup qualifying match.
2009 Sep 20, Trafigura, a
Netherlands-based oil trading company, said it has agreed to a
settlement with people who claim they fell ill after a tanker dumped
hundreds of tons of waste around the Ivory Coast's main city of
Abidjan in 2006. Trafigura paid Ivory Coast's government euro152
million (US$197 million) in 2007 to assist in cleaning up the waste
without admitting responsibility.
2009 Sep 22, The UN Office for
the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs announced that flash floods
and lighting have claimed 187 lives and affected 635,273 people in
west Africa since the rainy season started in June. This included
103 dead in Sierra Leone, followed by Ghana (24), Mali (20), Ivory
Coast (19), Burkina Faso (8), Niger (7) and Senegal (6).
2009 In the Ivory Coast a
random poll of 10 underage girls in Toulepleu by aid group Save The
Children U.K. found that eight performed sexual acts for UN-Benin
peacekeepers on a regular basis in order to secure their most basic
needs. A 2010 diplomatic cable revealed that "Eight of the 10 said
they had ongoing sexual relationships with Beninese soldiers in
exchange for food or lodging," citing information shared with the
embassy by a protection officer.
2010 Feb 12, Ivory Coast Pres.
Laurent Gbagbo declared that he is dissolving the government and
election commission. The move threw into doubt a political
reconciliation process that had former rebels serving in top
(SFC, 2/13/10, p.A2)
2010 Feb 13, Ivory Coast's
opposition declared it would no longer recognize Laurent Gbagbo as
president, a move likely to complicate his efforts to form a new
2010 Feb 19, In Ivory Coast
anti-government demonstrations spread to at least eight cities.
Police fired on demonstrators at a rally in Gagnoa, killing 5 people
and wounding a dozen others in the latest protest since the
president dissolved the government a week ago.
(AP, 2/19/10)(SFC, 2/20/10, p.A2)
2010 Feb 22, In Ivory Coast at
least two protesters died during an opposition demonstration that
turned violent, deepening the crisis sparked by the president's
dissolution of the government earlier this month.
2010 Feb 23, Ivory Coast PM
Guillaume announced a new unity government. The opposition coalition
said it will participate in a new government, raising hope for an
end to nearly two weeks of deadly protests after the president
dissolved the previous one.
(AP, 2/23/10)(SFC, 2/24/10, p.A2)
2010 Mar 4, The new Ivory Coast
government announced it is now made up of 16 ministers drawn from
President Laurent Gbagbo's FPI party and the former New Forces
rebels as well as 11 ministers representing opposition parties.
2010 Jun 12, In Ivory Coast two
people were killed and 30 wounded in a stampede at a reggae concert
in the rebel-controlled city of Bouake. Local reggae star Alpha
Blondy had organized the concert to promote peace and reconciliation
in the West African nation.
2010 Jun 20, Ivory Coast
President Laurent Gbagbo asked a state prosecutor to investigate
whether Interior Minister Desire Tagro has been skimming state
funds. Gbagbo specifically mentioned payments made by Dutch
oil-trading company Trafigura to victims of a 2006 toxic waste spill
2010 Jul 23, A Dutch court
slapped a one million euro fine on Trafigura, a Swiss-based company
whose chartered ship dumped hazardous waste the Ivory Coast says
killed 17 people on its soil. It was also found guilty of concealing
what the charge sheet referred to as the "harmful nature" of the
waste on board the Probo Koala ship that arrived at the port of
Amsterdam on July 2, 2006, but was redirected to the Ivory Coast.
2010 Aug 27, Some Nigerian
women and girls are being forced into prostitution in neighboring
Ivory Coast after being deceived with promises of a better life
outside of their country, according to a new report by Human Rights
2010 Sep 13, The US government
and the chocolate industry pledged $17 million to help end child
labor — some of it forced and dangerous — in Ghana and the Ivory
Coast, where much of the world's cocoa is grown.
2010 Sep 22, Ivory Coast began
paying former rebel soldiers who disarmed ahead of elections set for
next month, bringing the West African nation a step closer to ending
years of crisis.
2010 Oct 22, Human Rights Watch
said banditry, violence, and rape are widespread in Ivory Coast's
western provinces even as the country gears for historic national
2010 Oct 31, Ivory Coast held a
long-awaited presidential election, the first since civil war
erupted in 2002 and split the world's leading cocoa producer in
half. Pres. Laurent Gbagbo won 38% followed by 32% for Alassane
Ouattara, the main opposition leader. Former Pres. Henri Konan Bedie
came in third with 25% and later endorsed Ouattara in a run-off, set
for Nov 28.
(AP, 10/31/10)(AP, 11/3/10)(SFC, 11/3/10,
2010 Nov 27, Ivory Coast
President Laurent Gbagbo issued a decree calling for a nationwide
curfew from 10 p.m. to 6 a.m. Nov 27-Dec 1 to prevent any tampering
with vote counting. Opposition candidate Alassane Ouattara said the
move was illegal and unconstitutional, adding a curfew should only
come after the election if there is trouble.
2010 Nov 28, Ivory Coast held
its runoff presidential election set to reunite the country eight
years after a civil war divided it in two. 5 months of violence
followed leaving at least 3,000 dead.
(AP, 11/28/10)(Econ, 4/13/13, p.51)
2010 Nov 30, Ivory Coast
opposition leaders accused Pres. Laurent Gbagbo of trying to steal
the presidential election.
(SFC, 12/1/10, p.A2)
2010 Dec 2, In Ivory Coast
military policemen killed four people at an office of the opposition
presidential candidate, as the country tensely waited for the
release of election results that were being blocked by the
president's followers. Election commission chief Youssouf Bakayoko
announced that opposition candidate Alassane Ouattara had won with
54.1% of the vote, compared to 45.9% for Pres. Gbagbo. Shortly
thereafter, two decrees read on state TV announced that the
country's air, land and maritime borders had been closed and that
all foreign radio and TV broadcasts were banned indefinitely.
(AP, 12/2/10)(AP, 12/3/10)
2010 Dec 3, In Ivory Coast new
figures put up by a Gbagbo loyalist said that the incumbent
president had in fact been re-elected. They put Gbagbo on top with
more than 51% of the vote by chucking out some 500,000 ballots from
2010 Dec 4, Ivory Coast
President Laurent Gbagbo was sworn in for a new term even though the
UN and world leaders maintain his opponent won the disputed
election, which was the West African nation's first since a civil
2010 Dec 5, Former South
African leader Thabo Mbeki sought to mediate an end to a dispute
over Ivory Coast's presidential election that has threatened to
trigger unrest in the divided West African nation.
2010 Dec 7, In the Ivory Coast
Laurent Gbagbo, the man who the UN says lost the country’s
presidential election, went ahead with naming his new cabinet
anyway. He tapped Charles Ble Goude as minister of youth,
professional education and employment. Goude was sanctioned in 2006
by both the US and UN. He has been accused of making repeated public
statements advocating violence against foreigners and UN
installations and personnel.
2010 Dec 8, The top UN envoy in
Ivory Coast said that opposition candidate Alassane Ouattara had won
the disputed presidential election by an "irrefutable margin" as the
international community stepped up pressure on the incumbent to
2010 Dec 9, In Ivory Coast
pressure increased on Laurent Gbagbo as continental heavyweights
South Africa and Kenya joined UN calls for him to abandon his bid to
cling to power after disputed polls. The African Union suspended
Ivory Coast until Gbagbo hands over power to Alassane Ouattara, whom
the AU and UN consider the winner of last month's election.
(AFP, 12/9/10)(Reuters, 12/9/10)
2010 Dec 13, The EU said it
will impose sanctions on Ivory Coast unless the incumbent president
recognizes his rival as the winner of last month's election, as
panic spread in Abidjan after shots were briefly fired.
2010 Dec 16, In Ivory Coast
gunfire and explosions shook Abidjan as supporters and security
forces loyal to the two men claiming to be president clashed. An
attempt by Alassane Ouattara’s people to march on the state
television building left about 20 people dead.
(AP, 12/16/10)(AFP, 12/17/10)(Econ, 1/8/11, p.46)
2010 Dec 17, Ivory Coast police
were out in force in Abidjan as supporters of the internationally
recognized winner of Ivory Coast's presidential election vowed to
try once again to seize state institutions after a similar attempt
the day before resulted in up to 30 deaths.
2010 Dec 18, In the Ivory Coast
Laurent Gbagbo, who refused to step down from the presidency,
ordered all UN peacekeepers to leave the country immediately,
calling the global body that has endorsed his political rival an
"agent of destabilization." The UN certified results showed that
opposition leader Alassane Ouattara had won by "an irrefutable
2010 Dec 19, Ivory Coast state
television left no doubt who's in control of the media: Laurent
Gbagbo was shown taking the oath of office with no mention that the
United Nations says he lost the presidential election and should
step down. The UN warned against attacks on its personnel in Ivory
Coast and said it would stay.
2010 Dec 21, The United States
said it has approved travel sanctions against Laurent Gbagbo and
about 30 others following Ivory Coast's disputed presidential
2010 Dec 23, The UN said at
least 173 people have been killed in the Ivory Coast and 90 others
tortured or treated inhumanely because of post-election violence.
The UN General Assembly formally recognized Alassane Ouattara as the
winner of the Nov. 28 runoff vote and rescinded the credentials of
the Ivory Coast UN ambassador, a supporter of Laurent Gbagbo.
(AP, 12/23/10)(AP, 12/24/10)
2010 Dec 24, In Ivory Coast
Laurent Gbagbo, who refused to concede defeat after presidential
elections, faced two major setbacks as officials cut off his access
to the state funds used to pay soldiers and state television
remained off the air in much of the country. The UN said masked
gunmen with rocket launchers were blocking access to what officials
believe may be a mass grave site. West Africa leaders from the
15-country regional bloc ECOWAS, the Economic Community of West
African States, threatened to send military intervention into Ivory
Coast if incumbent Gbagbo refuses to step down peacefully.
(AP, 12/24/10)(AP, 12/25/10)
2010 Dec 25, Benin said three
West African presidents will fly to Ivory Coast to tell incumbent
leader Laurent Gbagbo to quit or face force, a sign of mounting
regional determination to force him out.
2010 Dec 26, In Ivory Coast
allies of Alassane Ouattara called for a general strike to last
until incumbent Pres. Laurent Gbagbo concedes defeat.
(SFC, 12/27/10, p.A4)
2010 Dec 28, West African
leaders Boni Yayi of Benin, Sierra Leone's Ernest Bai Koroma and
Pedro Pires of Cape Verde met with incumbent Ivory Coast leader
Laurent Gbagbo to deliver an ultimatum from the ECOWAS regional bloc
to step down or face removal by force. But Gbagbo's government
signaled he was unlikely to agree to cede power to Alassane
(Reuters, 12/28/10)(SFC, 12/29/10, p.A4)
2010 Dec 29, Canada said it no
longer recognized the Ivory Coast ambassador to Ottawa appointed by
president Laurent Gbagbo, and that it would welcome new diplomatic
representation from the West African nation.
2010 Dec 30, The United Nations
accused Ivory Coast incumbent leader Laurent Gbagbo's security
forces of blocking access to mass graves, saying investigators
believe as many as 80 bodies may be in one building that UN
personnel are being kept from entering.
2010 Dec 31, Britain said it no
longer recognized the ambassador appointed by Ivory Coast strongman
Laurent Gbagbo who is refusing to step down after elections widely
viewed as having been won by his rival Alassane Ouattara. Britain
said it would give support at the UN for the use of force to oust
Ivory Coast's incumbent president Laurent Gbagbo if West African
nations sought backing for a military intervention.
(AFP, 12/31/10)(Reuters, 12/31/10)
2011 Jan 3, African leaders
returned to Ivory Coast in their second visit in a week as they
stepped up pressure on the country's renegade president to cede
power more than a month after the election or face a military
2011 Jan 4, Mediators said
Ivory Coast strongman Laurent Gbagbo has agreed to negotiate a
resolution to the crisis gripping the west African nation and lift a
blockade around his rival's headquarters.
2011 Jan 6, In Ivory Coast
Alassane Ouattara, the man recognized as the winner of the recent
presidential election, called for West African special forces to
remove incumbent president Gbagbo in a commando operation. The UN
mission in Ivory Coast said at least 210 people have been killed
there since a presidential stand-off escalated in mid-December.
2011 Jan 10, Former Nigerian
leader and mediator Olusegun Obasanjo left Ivory Coast as incumbent
Pres. Gbagbo continued to defy the world and insist he had won the
2011 Jan 12, Ivory Coast
security forces loyal to the sitting president, who is refusing to
cede power, descended on an opposition stronghold and opened fire
for the second time in as many days, only hours after opposition
supporters had taken to the streets in protest.
2011 Jan 13, In Ivory Coast
mobs and security forces allied to leader Laurent Gbagbo attacked at
least six UN vehicles, setting some ablaze and injuring two people
in the latest round of violence.
2011 Jan 15, The EU raised
pressure on Ivory Coast leader Laurent Gbagbo to step down, freezing
assets of the country's cocoa-exporting ports, its state oil firm
and three banks.
2011 Jan 18, Ivory Coast
security forces loyal to the incumbent leader who refuses to give up
power opened fire killing at least one person, as military chiefs
from neighboring nations met to plan a possible armed intervention
to depose Laurent Gbagbo.
2011 Jan 19, Switzerland's
federal council said it has agreed to freeze any assets of Tunisia's
ousted president and the incumbent leader of Ivory Coast.
2011 Jan 19, The UN Security
Council voted unanimously to deploy 2,000 additional peacekeepers to
Ivory Coast, where the incumbent president has refused to relinquish
his post to the man internationally recognized as the legitimate
2011 Jan 20, Ivory Coast's
incumbent leader Laurent Gbagbo ordered the military to stop and
search UN vehicles, the latest escalation of hostilities between the
man who refuses to leave office and the global body that declared
his rival the election winner.
2011 Jan 24, In Ivory Coast
Alassane Outtara, the internationally recognized leader, ordered a
one-month ban on cocoa exports in a test of his authority. There was
no guarantee that growers would comply.
(SFC, 1/25/11, p.A2)
2011 Jan 24, Nigeria's foreign
minister called on the UN Security Council to authorize force in
Ivory Coast as West African nations seek to further pressure Laurent
Gbagbo to quit power.
2011 Jan 26, In the Ivory Coast
forces loyal to Laurent Gbagbo seized the Abidjan headquarters of
the Central Bank of West African States (BCEAO), several days after
a Gbagbo ally was forced to resign amid accusations he was
continuing to allow Gbagbo to take out money even after he was
officially cut off.
2011 Jan 29, An African Union
panel on the Ivory Coast crisis said it will aim to help Alassane
Ouattara "exercise power" through a negotiated political deal.
2011 Jan 31, Leaders of 53
African countries met In Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to tackle festering
conflicts in Sudan and Somalia at a summit overshadowed by Egypt's
popular uprising and the leadership crisis in Ivory Coast. The
African Union named a panel of six African presidents to mediate
Ivory Coast's political crisis.
(AFP, 1/31/11)(AP, 1/31/11)
2011 Feb 8, In the Ivory Coast
a fire broke out at the economic ministry building in the capital
destroying untold numbers of financial records as international
sanctions on incumbent leader Laurent Gbagbo, who refuses to give up
power, are beginning to take hold.
2011 Feb 9, An Ivory Coast
regulatory board loyal to incumbent leader Laurent Gbagbo ordered
United Nations radio off the air. UN radio director Sylvain
Semilinko said the next day that work continued as normal at UN
radio headquarters as preparations were being made in case their
signal was jammed.
2011 Feb 14, Ivory Coast's
incumbent leader Laurent Gbagbo filed a lawsuit against the West
African regional bloc for recognizing his rival as the winner of the
country's recent presidential election.
2011 Feb 16, In the Ivory Coast
bodies of people, who voted for the opponent of Laurent Gbagbo, have
continued to turn up at city morgues. It was reported that at least
296 people have been killed since the Nov 28 elections. The number
was based on calls to a UN hot line from family members. Another 100
people were said to be missing.
(SFC, 2/16/11, p.A4)
2011 Feb 18, It was reported
that 9 banks have closed this week in Ivory Coast further squeezing
Pres. Laurent Gbagbo, who still refused to leave office after nearly
3 months of being declared the loser in presidential elections.
(SFC, 2/18/11, p.A2)
2011 Feb 19, In the Ivory Coast
an opposition meeting was disrupted by security forces loyal to
incumbent leader Laurent Gbagbo.
(SSFC, 2/20/11, p.A6)
2011 Feb 21, In the Ivory Coast
at least 6 people were killed when soldiers entered opposition areas
in Abidjan firing machine guns.
(SFC, 2/22/11, p.A2)
2011 Feb 22, In the Ivory Coast
a battle between forces for the country's two political rivals
involving rocket-propelled grenades left at least 10 policemen and 2
civilians dead. This was the fourth consecutive day of violence in
Abidjan, the commercial capital of Ivory Coast. The "invisible
commandos" allied with Ouattara launched their own attack. They
claimed in a statement overnight that they killed 27 police officers
in an ambush in Abobo.
(AP, 2/23/11)(AP, 2/24/11)
2011 Feb 24, In the Ivory Coast
residents reported automatic arms fire in the Abobo district of
Abidjan. Hundreds of people fled the area on foot on the main road
leading from the neighborhood. The UN warned that heavy fighting
over the country's disputed election may augur a return to civil
2011 Mar 3, Ivory Coast
security forces, loyal to Laurent Gbagbo, the former president still
clinging to power, fatally shot 7 women protesting his refusal to
leave office. The UN said more than 200,000 people have fled the
(AP, 3/3/11)(Econ, 3/12/11, p.17)
2011 Mar 6, In the Ivory Coast
rebels, known by their French acronym FN, seized Toulepleu extending
gains made earlier with the seizure of Zouan-Hounien. Both towns
have historically been controlled by Laurent Gbagbo. A top Ouattara
adviser said gangs of youth, actively aided and supported by
uniformed police, have ransacked at least 10 houses belonging to
senior ministers, mayors and other allies of the internationally
recognized president. Nearly 400 people have already been killed,
most of them civilians who voted for Ouattara.
(AP, 3/7/11)(AP, 3/6/11)
2011 Mar 7, In the Ivory Coast
the government of the democratically elected president confirmed
that rebels allied with their leader had seized control of a nearly
30-mile corridor along the country's border with Liberia following
an intense weekend battle.
2011 Mar 8, In Ivory Coast
soldiers backing rogue leader Laurent Gbagbo opened fire on
civilians again, killing at least four people hours after hundreds
took to the streets to protest the deaths of seven women gunned down
at a march last week.
2011 Mar 10, Ivory Coast's
entrenched incumbent president imposed a no-fly order on UN
aircraft, possibly complicating the return of the internationally
recognized election winner who was attending an African Union summit
in Ethiopia. Envoys of Laurent Gbagbo rejected an African Union
proposal aimed at ending a violent power struggle.
(AP, 3/10/11)(Reuters, 3/10/11)
2011 Mar 11, The African Union
reaffirmed Alassane Ouattara as the legal president of Ivory Coast,
but his future remained uncertain as an aide warned of death threats
and the country's strongman refused to budge from the presidential
2011 Mar 14, Ivory Coast
fighters allied with the internationally recognized Pres. Alassane
Ouattara said they are trying to seize control of a district loyal
to the incumbent leader Laurent Gbagbo, who refuses to cede power.
2011 Mar 15, In Ivory Coast
elected leader Alassane Ouattara extended an offer to former Pres.
Laurent Gbagbo a national unity government, a fusion of their armed
forces and a truth and reconciliation committee to avoid civil war.
(SFC, 3/16/11, p.A2)
2011 Mar 16, In the Ivory Coast
violence reached a new level after Gbagbo rejected last week's
African Union decision to endorse Ouattara's victory. In the
Attecoube district of Abidjan UN doctors treated 55 people, four of
whom died, bringing the total number of deaths since November's
election to 410.
2011 Mar 17, In Ivory Coast
mortars from a military police base controlled by Pres. Gbagbo
killed up to 30 people in Abidjan.
(SFC, 3/18/11, p.A2)
2011 Mar 21, Military officials
loyal to Ivory Coast's internationally recognized president claimed
to have seized a fifth town in the country's far west, amid a
deepening political crisis.
2011 Mar 24, The Economic
Community of West African States (ECOWAS) called on the UN Security
Council to take immediate steps to force Laurent Gbagbo to cede
power in Ivory Coast.
(SFC, 3/25/11, p.A2)
2011 Mar 25, In Ivory Coast
about 1,000 people frantically crowded around buses rented by Mali
to evacuate its citizens, as the UN said up to 1 million have fled
their homes amid fears of civil war.
2011 Mar 27, Ivory Coast's
embattled strongman Laurent Gbagbo accepted the African Union's
choice to mediate a bloody post-election crisis. But former Cape
Verde's foreign minister Jose Brito was rejected by presidential
rival Alassane Ouattara.
2011 Mar 28, In Ivory Coast
forces loyal to Alassane Ouattara, the internationally recognized
president, seized the city of Duekoue.
(SFC, 3/29/11, p.A2)
2011 Mar 29, In Ivory Coast
more than 800 civilians were reportedly killed over the last 3 days
in Douekoue, a western town where hundreds of UN peacekeepers were
based. Other observers later questioned the number, but at least 200
people were killed. Some of those slaughtered apparently were killed
by "mercenaries" from nearby Liberia. Liberian mercenaries have been
reported to be fighting for both Gbagbo and Ouattara.
(AP, 4/2/11)(Econ, 4/9/11, p.53)
2011 Mar 30, In Ivory Coast a
spokesman for incumbent Laurent Gbagbo called for a cease-fire as
rebel forces backing Alassane Ouattara, the internationally
recognized winner of the disputed election, advanced toward the
capital from two different directions. Choi Young-jin, the top
United Nations envoy in Ivory Coast, told French radio that as many
as 50,000 soldiers, police and members of the security force have
abandoned Gbagbo in recent days.
(AP, 3/30/11)(AP, 4/1/11)
2011 Apr 1, In Ivory Coast
heavy fighting raged near the presidential palace and mansion and
the state TV broadcaster in Abidjan as armed forces loyal to the
elected leader tried to install him to power and oust the country's
2011 Apr 2, In Ivory Coast an
offensive aiming to unseat strongman Laurent Gbagbo appeared to
encounter resistance, as soldiers loyal to the entrenched ruler
seized back the state television station and broadcast a call to
2011 Apr 4, In Ivory Coast UN
and French forces opened fire with attack helicopters on the home of
incumbent Pres. Laurent Gbagbo and 3 strategic military garrisons as
foot soldiers backing Alassane Ouattara pierced the limits of
Abidjan. Two Frenchmen, a Malaysian and a citizen of Benin were
seized from the downtown Hotel Novotel by pro-Gbagbo troops.
(SFC, 4/5/11, p.A4)(AP, 4/16/11)
2011 Apr 5, In Ivory Coast
strongman Laurent Gbagbo, surrounded by troops backing Alassane
Ouattara, huddled in a bunker at his home with his family and tried
to negotiate terms of surrender. Ouattara, the democratically
elected leader, has urged forces loyal to him to take Gbagbo alive.
2011 Apr 6, Ivory Coast forces
loyal to presidential claimant Alassane Ouattara launched a heavy
attack on the bunker where Laurent Gbagbo was defying efforts to
force him to cede power.
2011 Apr 7, Forces allied with
Ivory Coast's internationally recognized president Alassane Ouattara
have stormed the gates of Laurent Gbagbo's home. French forces
wearing night vision goggles rappelled from a helicopter to rescue
the Japanese ambassador and 7 others, as strongman leader Laurent
Gbagbo remained in an underground bunker amid the fighting.
2011 Apr 8, Ivory Coast's
democratically elected leader imposed a blockade around the
presidential residence where the country's entrenched strongman
remains holed up underground and said he'll focus on normalizing
life in the corpse-strewn city of Abidjan.
2011 Apr 10, In the Ivory Coast
UN and French helicopters fired rockets on strongman Laurent
Gbagbo's residence in an assault the UN said was to retaliate for
attacks by his forces on UN headquarters and civilians.
2011 Apr 12, Ivory Coast's
internationally recognized president, Alassane Ouattara, called for
peace after his rival was arrested with the help of French forces.
He faced a huge task reuniting a country shattered by civil war.
Gbagbo's interior minister, Desire Tagro, died after being badly
beaten by fighters who captured him a day earlier along with Gbagbo.
(Reuters, 4/12/11)(AP, 4/16/11)
2011 Apr 13, In Ivory Coast
forces loyal to recognized president Alassane Ouattara went house to
house searching for former soldiers, whom they shot and killed. The
UN human rights office in Geneva said 536 people had been killed in
the country's west in recent weeks.
2011 Apr 14, In Ivory Coast
teams of Red Cross workers shoveled charred corpses into bags in
Abidjan, while UN peacekeepers gathered weapons hidden in basements,
throwing them into dump trucks for disposal. Residents of Yopougon,
a suburb of Abidjan, said the pro-Ouattara forces were shooting into
the air to frighten people into fleeing, and then pillaging their
homes and shops.
(AP, 4/14/11)(AP, 4/16/11)
2011 Apr 15, In Ivory Coast
Gen. Brunot Dogbo Ble, head of the Republican Guard, was captured.
The Guard had stood beside Gbagbo and fought fiercely in Abidjan.
2011 Apr 16, Ivory Coast
officials began drawing up a list of ministers, generals and
journalists to be charged with blood crimes, corruption and hate
speech, as shooting erupted between residual forces of a pro-Gbagbo
militia and forces of democratically elected President Ouattara.
2011 Apr 19, Forty one Ivorians
were arrested by United Nations forces as they attempted to cross
the border into Liberia with cars, guns and ammunition shortly after
the capture of former Ivorian president Laurent Gbagbo.
2011 Apr 20, In Ivory Coast
die-hard forces loyal former President Laurent Gbagbo still battled
troops of the democratically President Alassane Ouattara in an
Abidjan neighborhood. Troops loyal to Ouattara lobbed shells into
the Yopougon suburb as pro-Gbagbo civilian supporters tried to get
2011 Apr 21, The African Union
lifted sanctions on Ivory Coast, ending four months of diplomatic
isolation, but fighting between armed groups underscored the
challenges facing the new president.
2011 Apr 22, Ivory Coast
President Alassane Ouattara ordered Gen. Ibrahim "IB" Coulibaly, who
led two coups in Ivory Coast and commands the Invisible Commando
force, to lay down arms or be forcibly disarmed. Coulibaly agreed
but said it would take time to organize.
2011 Apr 27, Ivory Coast
renegade warlord Ibrahim "IB" Coulibaly (47), a two-time coup
plotter who began the pro-democracy battle for Abidjan, was killed
in fighting with one-time allies turned enemy. A commander for
Defense Minister Guillaume Soro said Coulibaly appeared to have
killed himself rather than surrender.
2011 May 6, In Ivory Coast UN
investigators headed to a soccer field in Yopougon believed to be
the site of a new mass grave. 29 bodies were counted in the grave. A
resident said that militants loyal to arrested strongman Laurent
Gbagbo swept through the neighborhood amid celebrations over
Gbagbo's April 11 arrest.
2011 May 16, Ivory Coast's
President Alassane Ouattara told citizens of Burkina Faso that they
are welcome to return to his country, and vowed to put an end to the
xenophobia and racial targeting that characterized his predecessor's
2011 May 21, In Ivory Coast
Alassane Ouattara was inaugurated as the president, in a ceremony
meant to mark the return of constitutional order and the end of a
political standoff that sparked a conflict that killed hundreds
earlier this year.
2011 Jun 2, Human Rights Watch
said that forces loyal to Ivory Coast President Alassane Ouattara
carried out revenge attacks on supporters of Laurent Gbagbo,
concentrated in a pro-Gbagbo neighborhood in Abidjan.
2011 Jun 27, Ivory Coast state
media said 15 ex-ministers, who served under the arrested former
strongman Laurent Gbagbo, were indicted over the weekend for crimes
against the state, embezzlement and other offenses.
2011 Jul 1, Ivory Coast said it
has issued international arrest warrants for youth leader Charles
Ble Goude and other close aides of former president Laurent Gbagbo.
15 members of Gbagbo's inner circle were charged last week.
2011 Jul 7, Ivory Coast's
government named Gen. Soumaila Bakayoko, a former rebel leader, as
the new army chief, replacing Gen. Philippe Mangou, who served under
the former strongman Laurent Gbagbo.
2011 Jul 21, Ivory Coast
President Alassane Ouattara called on the new army to "clean up" its
ranks as alleged violations continue three months after the end of
the post-electoral crisis.
2011 Jul 30, Ivory Coast
President Alassane Ouattara fired the head of public television
after no news team was sent to cover his return from a trip to the
2011 Aug 9, Ivory Coast public
television was back on air, pushing a message of reconciliation
after months of deadly post-vote fighting in which it relayed
propaganda and its equipment was destroyed.
2011 Aug 10, An Ivory Coast
official said 12 people, including the son of Laurent Gbagbo, the
country's former strongman, have been detained and charged over
their actions during six months of postelection violence that left
2011 Aug 11, The UN’s Ivory
Coast mission said there were 26 extrajudicial killings in the Ivory
Coast in the past four weeks, mostly blamed on fighters who helped
President Alassane Ouattara take power. The killings were reported
between July 11 and August 10.
2011 Aug 16, Ivory Coast
Minister of Defense Paul Koffi Koffi said the government plans to
disarm and demobilize some 10,000 fighters in the wake of
postelection violence earlier this year. He said the process should
be completed by the end of the year.
2011 Aug 18, Ivory Coast's
former strongman Laurent Gbagbo was charged with economic crimes
including aggravated theft and embezzlement of public funds.
2011 Aug, In the Ivory Coast
fighters loyal to ex-President Laurent Gbagbo crossed over the
border at night and killed villagers, including women and children,
and then disappeared back into the Liberia's dense jungle just a
couple of miles away.
2011 Sep 5, The Ivory Coast
government announced the formation of a truth and reconciliation
panel including footballer Didier Drogba, to probe post-election
violence which left over 3,000 dead.
2011 Sep 10, Leaders of Ivory
Coast and Liberia were joined by counterparts from West Africa for
talks on security along the border between their two countries after
a bloody post-poll crisis. Presidents Alassane Ouattara and Ellen
Johnson Sirleaf were joined by Blaise Compaore of Burkina Faso,
Abdoulaye Wade of Senegal, John Atta Mills of Ghana and Nigerian
summit host Goodluck Jonathan, under the aegis of regional bloc
2011 Sep 15, In the Ivory Coast
armed men from Liberia began attacking villagers. They killed at
least 23 people in days of attacks before retreating across the
(AP, 9/17/11)(AP, 9/19/11)
2011 Sep 15, The IMF said it
has agreed in principle to give Ivory Coast a $600-million loan to
help revive its economy devastated by recent post-election violence.
2011 Sep 28, Ivory Coast
politicians and the country’s most famous soccer player, Chelsea
striker Didier Drogba, launched a Truth and Reconciliation
Commission that aims to find peace after months of postelection
violence rocked the country.
2011 Oct 6, Human Rights Watch
said that 13 military leaders from both sides of Ivory Coast's
political divide committed war crimes during months of postelection
violence in the West African nation, and called on the government to
prosecute all suspects equally.
2011 Nov 2, Ivory Coast Ivory,
the world's biggest cocoa producer, said it will reintroduce minimum
price guarantees for farmers after a decade of liberalization in the
2011 Nov 4, The International
Monetary Fund awarded a $616 million loan to Ivory Coast to help
revive its economy devastated by post-election violence.
2011 Nov 7, France marked the
resumption of security cooperation with Ivory Coast after a
seven-year hiatus with the delivery of police vehicles in Abidjan.
2011 Nov 10, An Ivory Coast
appeal court conditionally released 12 aides to former president
Laurent Gbagbo, held after a post-electoral crisis. The release
brings to 20 the number of Gbagbo's associates who have been set
free since the crisis, which began after Gbagbo refused to
acknowledge defeat in elections in December last year.
2011 Nov 15, The Paris Club of
mostly industrialized countries said it had reached an agreement
with Ivory Coast to defer over 10 years most of its debt coming due
and to forgive $1.8 billion in its foreign debts.
2011 Nov 30, Former Ivory Coast
President Laurent Gbagbo (66) was taken into custody by the
International Criminal Court at The Hague to face charges of murder,
rape and other crimes allegedly committed by his supporters as he
clung to power after last year's elections.
2011 Dec 1, Ivory Coast
President Alassane Ouattara arrived in Conakry for a one day visit
in which he and his Guinean counterpart Alpha Conde will discuss
reconciliation efforts in their troubled countries.
2011 Dec 5, In South Africa
Global Witness said it has left the Kimberley Process, accusing the
international diamond regulatory group of refusing to address links
between diamonds, violence and tyranny. The rights watchdog cited
what it called failures in Ivory Coast, Venezuela and Zimbabwe.
2011 Dec 6, In Ivory Coast 3
journalists from a newspaper loyal to ousted president Laurent
Gbagbo were released from jail after being acquitted on charges of
insulting his successor. Cesar Etou, publication director at the
daily Notre Voie, political service head Boga Sivori and chief
editor Didier Depry, arrested on November 24, were found not
2011 Dec 8, Ivory Coast
officials said 5 people have died since the start of the campaign
for legislative elections, warning against a repeat of the poll that
tore the country apart last year.
2011 Dec 11, Ivory Coast held
parliamentary elections. The 2nd national poll in 11 years drew
little voter interest. The opposition party of former strongman
Laurent Gbagbo, which had called for a boycott of the poll,
estimated that as few as 10 percent of voters participated.
Officials results published by the Independent Electoral Commission
on March 8, 2012, said Ouattara's Rally of Republicans (RDR) party
won 138 of the parliament's 253 seats on 54.54% of the vote.
(AP, 12/11/11)(AFP, 3/8/12)
2011 Dec 16, In Ivory Coast
final election results from Dec 11 said Ouattara's Rally of
Republicans (RDR) won 127 of the 254 seats contested, with its main
ally, the Ivory Coast Democratic Party (PDCI), getting 77. Turnout
in the vote was 36.56 percent.
2011 Dec 18, In the Ivory Coast
unrest in Vavoua left 5 people dead. Violence started after a
dispute between Republican Forces (FRCI) and youths the previous
night left dead a young man who succumbed to his injuries in
2011 Dec 26, In Ivory Coast 4
people were killed and 15 were injured in inter-ethnic clashes near
the economic capital Abidjan. The violence erupted when an Abidji
youth clashed with a soldier of the Republican Forces of Ivory Coast
(FRCI) and was killed in Sikensi.
2012 Jan 11, Ivory Coast's
former economy minister Paul-Antoine Bohoun Bouabre (54) died in
Israel. He was linked to the 2004 disappearance of Guy-Andre
Kieffer, a well known French-Canadian journalist.
2012 Jan 21, In Ivory Coast at
least one person was killed during an attack in Abidjan on a meeting
of supporters of ex-president Laurent Gbagbo.
2012 Jan 28, Liberia arrested
some 70 people near its southeastern border with Ivory Coast for
their alleged involvement in plans to destabilize the neighboring
2012 Jan 31, Ivory Coast's top
court annulled the election of 11 lawmakers from Pres. Ouattara's
party in a December vote after complaints that they breached
2012 Feb 12, In Ivory Coast
clashes broke out between the ethnic Agni and the Republican Forces
of Ivory Coast (FRCI) backed by ethnic Malinke and continued on to
the next day leaving 3 people killed and a dozen wounded.
2012 Feb 17, Ivory Coast's
President Alassane Ouattara was named the new head of West Africa's
regional bloc, outgoing chief Goodluck Jonathan of Nigeria announced
before the close of the Economic Community of West African States in
2012 Mar 2, In Ivory Coast a
military court put on trial 28 paramilitary police accused of crimes
in the period last year when former president Laurent Gbagbo tried
to cling to power.
2012 Mar 13, Ivory Coast
President Alassane Ouattara named Jeannot Ahoussou-Kouadio as prime
minister, a prominent member of a rival party which had backed his
2010 election bid.
2012 Mar 17, Ivory Coast in a
ceremony started a month of mourning and "purification" after
post-election violence a year ago left about 3,000 people dead.
2012 Mar 29, In the Ivory Coast
Rodrigue Dadje, the lawyer for the firebrand ex-first lady Simone
Gbagbo, was arrested at Abidjan airport after several months abroad.
She faced a raft of charges including threatening national security.
2012 Apr 24, In Ivory Coast 8
people were killed and ten of homes burned in an attack on the
village of Sakre in the restive south-west bordering Liberia. Four
attackers were soon arrested, all of them sympathizers of ousted
strongman Laurent Gbagbo.
2012 Apr 26, In Ivory Coast the
15-member Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) decided
to send troops to coup-hit Mali and Guinea-Bissau to support their
return to civilian rule and demanded coup leaders "return to
barracks" in both countries. They also said Guinea-Bissau and Mali
must prepare for legislative and presidential elections within a
2012 Apr 28, The Ivory Coast
government and opposition agreed to launch a formal dialogue and
meet four times a year to reconcile the country after last year's
2012 May 4, In Ivory Coast
about 50 inmates staged a jailbreak from the main prison on the
fringes of Abidjan. About 20 were apprehended.
2012 May 12, Ivory Coast and
Burkina Faso envoys of ECOWAS quit Mali after failing to reach
agreement with coup leaders on naming the head of a transitional
government. The ex-junta now hoped that coup leader Amadou Haya
Sanago take over as interim leader.
2012 Jun 6, In Togo Moise Lida
Kouassi, the former defense minister of Ivory Coast's disgraced
ex-president Laurent Gbagbo, was arrested. He was accused of trying
to destabilize the new Ivorian regime.
2012 Jun 6, Human Rights Watch
said armed groups in Liberia, who supported Ivory Coast's former
president, have killed at least 40 civilians in cross-border raids
into Ivory Coast since July and are recruiting children as young as
14 into their ranks.
2012 Jun 8, In the Ivory Coast
7 UN peacekeepers from Niger were killed in an ambush. They had been
patrolling in an area between two villages after hearing rumors of
an imminent attack on communities in the region. At least 8
civilians were also killed. Deputy defense minister Paul Koffi Koffi
said the attackers had crossed over from neighboring Liberia, adding
that two Ivorian soldiers and at least one civilian may also have
2012 Jun 21, A UN official said
more than 13,000 people have fled their homes in southwestern Ivory
Coast following attacks in which unidentified armed men killed at
least 22 people this month.
2012 Jun 21, A court in eastern
Liberia ruled to extradite 41 Ivorians, arrested April 19, 2011, to
their home country to stand trial for their role in Ivory Coast's
2011 post-election conflict.
2012 Jun 23, Liberia extradited
41 Ivory Coast nationals for their role in last year's bloody
post-electoral violence in the neighboring West African nation.
2012 Jul 9, An Ivory Coast
official said 12 inmates have escaped from Abidjan's main prison, in
the second prison break in two months. He said an alarm failed to
function because of an electricity outage and that four inmates
remained on the run after the weekend escape.
2012 Jul 19, In the Ivory Coast
4 people were killed in a late night attack town of Duekoue,
inhabited mostly by ethnic Malinke, triggered reprisals by youths
from Kokoma who blamed a group of displaced Guere people and went to
burn their nearby camp.
2012 Jul 20, In the Ivory Coast
nine women were sentenced to two years in prison each for
involvement in female genital mutilation, marking the first time
such a case results in jail time in the West African nation.
2012 Jul 20, In the Ivory Coast
seven people were killed and 13 wounded in an attack on a
UN-protected displaced persons camp. Angry youths from Kokoma
torched the displaced persons' camp at Niambly on the outskirts of
town, populated mainly by Guere people.
2012 Jul 26, The UN Security
Council renewed the mandate of its peacekeeping force in the Ivory
Coast but reduced its size despite persistent ethnic violence in the
west of the country.
2012 Aug 5, In Ivory Coast
gunmen killed five soldiers in twin attacks on a police station and
an army post in Abidjan's Yopougon district.
2012 Aug 6, In Ivory Coast a
raid on the Akouedo army base in Abidjan left 7 soldiers and one
2012 Aug 8, A probe ordered by
Ivorian President Alassane Ouattara on the 2010-2011 post-election
crisis found that his forces killed over 700 people and those of
ex-leader Laurent Gbagbo about twice as many.
2012 Aug 15, In Ivory
Coast gunmen attacked a military checkpoint and freed 150
inmates from a prison in Dabou, near Abidjan, but 50 were soon
recaptured. Officials blamed the attacks on rogue soldiers and
loyalists of former President Laurent Gbagbo.
2012 Aug 16, In Ivory Coast
fighting broke out overnight with villagers near the economic
capital Abidjan reporting heavy gunfire, trapping them in their
homes. Armed men had attacked an army base, a prison and police
stations overnight leaving 3 civilians dead. The local police
commissioner said two gunmen were killed, about a dozen were
arrested and that there were no army fatalities.
2012 Aug 18, In Ivory Coast
armed men attacked former president Laurent Gbagbo's party
headquarters, abducting two people and wounding three. The party
blamed the raid on supporters of President Alassane Ouattara. PM
Jeannot Kouadio Ahoussou called on the perpetrators of attacks
against the army to disarm and not block the country's "revival."
2012 Sep 20, In Ivory Coast two
attacks on military positions killed seven people, including one
soldier, in the commercial capital of Abidjan.
2012 Aug 25, In southern Ivory
Coast a soldier and five assailants were killed when a military
checkpoint came under attack.
2012 Oct 8, A new report from
UN experts accused exiled allies of Ivory Coast's former president
of trying to recruit Islamist rebels who took control of the
northern half of neighboring Mali in a campaign to destabilize the
volatile West African region.
2012 Oct 15, In the Ivory Coast
unidentified gunmen carried out overnight attacks against a power
plant in Abidjan and military positions in the southeastern town of
Bonoua. The gunmen were repelled by security forces.
2012 Oct 26, Amnesty
International alleged that Ivory Coast security officials are
torturing dozens of detainees by administering electric shocks and
other forms of abuse. The victims included people charged with
endangering state security in the wake of a recent spate of attacks
targeting military installations.
2012 Nov 6, Ivory Coast
officials said up to 10 new mass graves have been discovered near
the site of a July 20 attack on a camp for displaced people. Rights
groups have claimed summary executions were carried out by the
Republican Forces of Ivory Coast, known by its French acronym of
2012 Nov 14, Ivory Coast
President Alassane Ouattara dissolved his Cabinet on over an
apparent feud between member parties of his governing coalition.
2012 Nov 19, A report issued by
New York-based Human Rights Watch accused Ivory Coast's military of
undertaking a swift, brutal and illegal campaign of arbitrary arrest
and detention in response to some of the most significant violence
since last year's election crisis.
2012 Nov 21, Ivory Coast
President Alassane Ouattara tapped Foreign Minister Daniel Kablan
Duncan to serve as prime minister in a new government one week after
the surprise dissolution of cabinet.
2012 Nov 22, The International
Criminal Court unsealed an indictment against former Ivory Coast
President Laurent Gbagbo's wife on charges including murder, rape
and persecution. It was the first time in the court's 10-year
history it has charged a woman. An arrest warrant was issued on Feb.
29 for former first lady Simone Gbagbo for crimes against humanity.
2012 Nov 28, A report from the
Internal Displacement Monitoring Center said thousands of people in
Ivory Coast continue to flee their homes because of ongoing land
conflicts and residual tension from last year's postelection
2012 Dec 21, In Ivory Coast say
at least one person was dead after two simultaneous attacks
overnight on Ivorian security forces.
2013 Jan 1, Ivory Coast at
least 64 people, mostly children and teenagers, were killed early
today in a stampede following a New Year's fireworks display in
Abidjan. Survivors blamedmakeshift barricades.
(AP, 1/1/13)(AP, 1/2/13)(AP, 1/4/13)
2013 Jan 17, Authorities in
Ghana arrested Charles Ble Goude, the former leader of an
ultranationalist youth movement in Ivory Coast. He was wanted in
connection with violence linked Ivory Coast’s disputed 2010
presidential elections. Ble Goude was soon charged with war crimes
over his alleged role in violence linked to the and extradicted to
(AP, 1/17/13)(AP, 1/21/13)(Econ, 4/13/13, p.51)
2013 Jan 16, Armed men hijacked
the ITRI, a Panamanian-flagged tanker carrying 5,000 tons of oil,
from the Ivory Coast port at Abidjan. Officials later located the
vessel off neighboring Ghana.
2013 Feb 3, A French-owned oil
tanker, the M/T Gascogne, was reported missing off Ivory Coast with
17 sailors on board. On Feb 6 Sea Tankers said the ship has been
released and that 2 workers suffered injuries in the hijacking.
(AP, 2/4/13)(AP, 2/6/13)
2013 Feb 19, An Ivory Coast
military spokesman says that Guinean soldiers have occupied Kpeaba,
a border village in western Ivorian territory, since early this
2013 Mar 23, In Ivory
Coast Oulai Tako, known as "Tarzan of the West," was among
three assailants killed by soldiers responding to an attack. Two
civilians and a traditional hunter were also killed in the attack on
Petit Guiglo village 15 miles (25km) outside Blolequin.
(AP, 3/24/13)(SSFC, 2/24/13, p.A5)
2013 Mar 26, UN officials in
Liberia said they've temporarily halted the repatriation of tens of
thousands of refugees from Ivory Coast because of continued unrest
near the border between the two countries.
2013 Apr 10, Ivory Coast
lawmakers gave President Alassane Ouattara the authority to rule by
decree on social and economic issues for 2013.
2013 Apr 21, Ivory Coast
residents voted for local officials in the first polling since
deadly postelection violence two years ago. The opposition party of
former Pres. Gbagbo boycotted the polls.
(SFC, 4/22/13, p.A2)