Timeline Jordan

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Jordan is about the size of New Jersey. It is home to 3 of the world’s most enthralling travel attractions: the Dead Sea, the lost city of Petra, and the deserts of Wadi Rum.
    (SSFC, 7/24/05, p.F5)

13000BC    Early Natufian settlements began in the Middle East according to archeological evidence later found in Jordan. A drying climate from 10,800 BC to 9,500 BC made them nomadic again. A 2nd attempt to settle began around 9.500 BC and became known as Pre-Pottery Neolithic.
    (Econ, 6/27/09, p.86)

c10000BC    Hunter gatherers settled for part of the year at a site later called Wadi Hammeh in the Jordan Valley.
    (NH, 11/1/04, p.15)

9,400BC-9,200BC In 2006 researchers reported the discovery of nine carbonized fig fruits stored in Gilgal I, an early Neolithic village, located in the Lower Jordan Valley, which dated to this time.
    (Reuters, 6/2/06)

c7000BC    The Ain Ghazal farming settlement in Jordan dated to this time. It was uncovered in 1974 during road construction near Amman.
    (SSFC, 11/9/03, p.C7)

300BC-68BC    The Dead Sea Scrolls of Qumran, Jordan, date to this period. The scrolls are usually identified with the Jewish-monkish cult, the Essenes, know for their pathological aversion to stool. In 2004 Chicago Prof. Norman Golb authored “Who Wrote the Dead Sea Scrolls." In 2009 Israeli scholar Rachel Elior theorized that the Essenes, did not exist. She suggested they were really the renegade sons of Zadok, a priestly caste banished from the Temple of Jerusalem by intriguing Greek rulers in 2nd century BC. When they left, they took the source of their wisdom - their scrolls - with them.
    (AM, Mar/Apr 97 p.74)(WSJ, 5/15/98, p.W11)(SFC, 9/6/04, p.A4)(TIME, 3/17/09)
300BC-68BC    The Dead Sea Scrolls dating to this period were discovered by Bedouin at the caves of Qumran in Jordan in 1947. The scrolls predated the Christian gospels, but contained many similarities. They also contained some differences from the traditional (Masoretic) text of the Hebrew Bible. In 1955 Edmund Wilson published "The Scrolls from the Dead Sea." In 1998 Hershel Shank published "The Mystery and meaning of the Dead Sea Scrolls." From 1978-1998 over 6,000 books were written about the scrolls. The discovery date was later contested as were many of the historic circumstances surrounding the scrolls [see Jordan 1947].
    (WSJ, 5/15/98, p.W11)(WSJ, 6/22/98, p.A20)

106CE        Nabatae, whose capital was Petra, became a Roman province under Trajan.
    (WUD, 1994, p.948)(SFEM, 4/11/99, p.8)(AM, 3/04, p.60)

230        The St. Georgeous Church was built in Jordon. In 2008 archeologists found a cave under the church with evidence that it was used as a church by 70 disciples of Jesus in the first century after his death, which would make it the oldest Christian site of worship in the world.
    (AP, 6/11/08)

c293CE    The Roman fort at Qasr Bashir, Castra Praetorii Mobeni, was built under Aurelius Asclepiades, governorship of Arabia.
    (AM, 11/00, p.14)

363CE         A devastating earthquake leveled half the city of Petra, the principal city of Nabatea.
    (AP, 6/21/03)

632-661    The Rashidun Caliphate, also known as the Rightly Guided Caliphate, comprising the first four caliphs in Islam's history, was founded after Muhammad's death. At its height, the Caliphate extended from the Arabian Peninsula, to the Levant, Caucasus and North Africa in the west, to the Iranian highlands and Central Asia in the east. It was the one of the largest empires in history up until that time.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rashidun_Caliphate)

661        Muawija became caliph. He moved the capital from Medina to Damascus. His followers were called the Umayyads. Muawija was one of the soldiers who helped capture Damascus and for 25 years he had served as governor of Syria. Muawija began the practice of appointing his own son as the next caliph, and so the Umayyads ruled for the next 90 years. Muslim forces expanded into North Africa and completely conquered Persia. The Islamic Empire continued to expand into Afghanistan and Pakistan. After the Omayyad Caliphs conquered Damascus, they build the palace at Qasr Al-Kharaneh (in Jordan) as a recreational lodge.
    (ATC, p.67,78)SFEC, 4/11/99, p.9)

1187        Jul 4, In the Battle of Hittin (Tiberias) Saladin defeated Reynaud of Chatillon. Salah al Din, who ruled from his imperial seat in ancient Syria, defeated Christian armies of the Crusaders and forced their retreat from the Holy Land. The battle was depicted in a mosaic that was found and restored for the palace of Pres, Hafez Assad of Syria. Saladin personally executed Crusader Reynaud of Chatillon (b.1124/5). Reynaud of Chatillon, Lord of Kerak, Jordan, had violated twice violated a tenuous truce and earlier this year attacked a caravan of pilgrims returning from Mecca.
    (WSJ, 9/30/96, p.A1)(Econ, 5/30/09, p.24)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raynald_of_Chatillon)

1812        Swiss explorer Jean Louis Burckhardt rediscovered the ancient city of Petra in present-day Jordan. Burckhardt was a classic nineteenth-century adventurer, the kind of man who would spend years polishing his disguise as an Arab so he could pass unnoticed through the Middle East, a land not always hospitable to curious Europeans. Under contract to the African Association, a private group of wealthy men in Britain who sponsored exploration, Burckhardt planned to cross the Sahara and seek the source of the River Niger. He first perfected his traveling persona as an Arab trader. On the way from Damascus toward Cairo he decided to take a look inside valley in the hilly region north of the Red Sea, rumored to contain the ancient ruins of a lost city. Burckhardt told his reluctant guide that he had promised to sacrifice a goat at the tomb of the prophet Aaron, which lay on a mountaintop inside the valley. Although his guide grew increasingly suspicious of his charge’s interest in the archeological wonders, Burckhardt's ruse allowed him to become the first European to see Petra in a millennium.
    (HNQ, 5/26/01)

1880        Jordan, Lebanon and Palestine were part of Syria under Ottoman rule.
    (Econ, 5/27/06, p.80)

1916        May 19, The Sykes-Picot Agreement was a secret understanding between the governments of Britain and France defining their respective spheres of post-World War I influence and control in the Middle East. The boundaries of this agreement still remains in much of the common border between Syria and Iraq. Britain and France carved up the Levant into an assortment of monarchies, mandates and emirates. The agreement enshrined Anglo-French imperialist ambitions at the end of WW II. Syria and Lebanon were put into the French orbit, while Britain claimed Jordan, Iraq, the Gulf states and the Palestinian Mandate. Sir Mark Sykes (d.1919 at age 39) and Francois Picot made the deal.
    (WSJ, 2/27/00, p.A17)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sykes-Picot_Agreement)

1918        Sep 27, Arab forces attacked and seized Deraa (Jordan).
    (ON, 10/05, p.8)

1920        Apr 20, Balfour Declaration was recognized following a conference in San Remo, Italy. It was agreed that a mandate to Britain should be formally given by the League of Nations over an area, which in 2010 comprised Israel, Jordan and the Golan Heights, to be called the "Mandate of Palestine". The Balfour Declaration was to apply to the whole of the mandated territory. The doctrine was named after British Foreign Secretary Arthur James Balfour, who had first articulated it as a policy on 2 November 1917.
    (www.ijs.org.au/The-Balfour-Declaration/default.aspx)

1921        Mar 12, The Cairo Conference, called by Winston Churchill, convened to establish a unified British policy in the Middle East. Britain and France carved up Arabia and created Jordan under Emir Abdullah; his brother Faisal became King of Iraq. France was given influence over Syria and Jewish immigration was allowed into Palestine.  Faisal I died one year after independence and his son, Ghazi I succeeded him. Colonial Sec. Winston Churchill wanted to keep an air corridor to Iraq, where the Royal Air Force was dropping poison gas on rebellious Arab tribes.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cairo_Conference_%281921%29)(SSFC, 10/14/01, p.D3)(Econ, 7/13/13, SR p.5)

1922        The West Bank became an unallocated portion of the Palestine Mandate.
    (SFC, 6/24/96, p.A19)

1923        May 25, Britain recognized Transjordan with Abdullah as its leader.
    (SC, 5/25/02)

1924        Mar 3, Kemal Ataturk forced the abolition of the Muslim caliphate through the protesting assembly and banned all Kurdish schools, publications and associations. This ended the Ottoman Empire and created the modern Middle East, though Iraq, Jordan, Syria and Saudi Arabia were still colonies of Britain and France.
    (WSJ, 2/11/99, p.A24)(SSFC, 10/14/01, p.A3)

1929        Feb, The state of Transjordan, created in 1921 under British protection in the aftermath of the Ottoman Empire's collapse, held its first elections for a mostly powerless legislative council.
    (AP, 1/23/13)

1931        Mar 26, Iraq and Trans-Jordan (Transjordan) signed a peace treaty.
    (SS, 3/26/02)

1935        Nov 14, King Hussein ibn Talal I of Jordan was born in Amman to Prince Talal bin Abdullah and princess Zein al-Sharaf bint Jamil of the Hashemite dynasty. [see 1936]
    (SFEC, 11/15/98, p.A19)(SFEC, 2/7/99, p.A22)(AP, 11/14/07)

1946        Mar 22, The British mandate in Transjordan came to an end. Britain signed a treaty granting independence to Jordan.
    (AP, 3/22/97)(HN, 3/22/97)

1946        May 25, Transjordan (now Jordan) gained independence from Britain and became a kingdom as it proclaimed its new monarch, King Abdullah Ibn Ul-Hussein.
    (AP, 5/25/97)(HN, 5/25/98)

1946        Jordan recognized the Muslim Brotherhood as a charity.
    (Econ, 2/18/12, p.50)

1947        The Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered by Bedouin at the caves of Qumran in Jordan. The scrolls predated the Christian gospels, but contained many similarities. They also contained some differences from the traditional (Masoretic) text of the Hebrew Bible. In 1955 Edmund Wilson published "The Scrolls from the Dead Sea." In 1998 Hershel Shank published "The Mystery and meaning of the Dead Sea Scrolls." From 1978-1998 over 6,000 books were written about the scrolls. The discovery date was later contested as were many of the historic circumstances surrounding the scrolls. In 2010 Geza Vermes authored “The Story of the Scrolls: The Miraculous Discovery and the True significance of the Dead Sea Scrolls."
    (WSJ, 5/15/98, p.W11)(WSJ, 6/22/98, p.A20)(Econ, 2/20/10, p.82)

1948        May 15, Hours after declaring its independence, the new state of Israel was attacked by Transjordan, Egypt, Syria, Iraq and Lebanon.
    (AP, 5/15/97)

1948        Dec 8, Jordan annexed Arabic Palestine. The old city of East Jerusalem came under Jordanian control until 1968. Transjordan was given to a client Arab family, the Hashenites (led by King Hussein’s grandfather), and was run out of Mecca by the Saudis. The country now has an ethnic Palestinian majority. Elections chose a body evenly divided between Jordan and the Palestinian territories.
    (SFC, 6/24/96, p.A19)(WSJ, 4/9/97, p.A14)(AP, 1/23/13)

1948-1949    Iraqi troops participated in the Arab League invasion of the new state of Israel. Iraq joined Transjordan and other Arab states to fight Israel. Most of Iraq’s 120,000 Jews fled to Israel or the West.
    (SFC, 2/24/98, p.A9)(SFC, 9/24/02, p.A10)

1949        Apr 3, Israel signed a ceasefire agreement with Transjordan.
    (www.wikipedia.org)

1949        Jun 2, Transjordan was renamed the Hashemite Kingdom Jordan.
    (TOH, 1982, p.1949)(SC, 6/2/02)

1949        Jordan began hosting Palestinian refugees.
    (Econ, 3/8/14, p.51)

1950        Apr 24, Jordan annexed the West Bank and offered citizenship to all Palestinians wishing to claim it.
    (SFC, 2/8/99, p.A6)

1951        Jul 20, Jordan's King Abdullah Ibn Hussein was assassinated in Jerusalem by a  Palestinian extremist. Prince Hussein (15) witnessed the murder. Talal became king with the assassination of his father, Abdullah ibn-Hussein, who ruled when Jordan was a British mandate.
    (AP, 7/20/97)(HN, 7/20/98)(SFC, 2/6/99, p.A13)(MC, 7/20/02)

1951        Jordan banned homosexual acts.
    (AP, 6/12/15)   

1952        Jan 11, Jordan adopted a constitution, which enshrined the king’s right to hire and fire unelected prime ministers.
    (Econ, 2/5/11, p.32)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constitution_of_Jordan)

1952        Jul 24, In Iraq-Jordan a disgusted military overthrew the corrupt government of King Farouk.
    (MC, 7/24/02)

1952        Aug 11, King Talal abdicated the throne to Prince Hussein due to mental illness.
    (SFC, 2/6/99, p.A13)

1953        May 2, Prince Hussein became King Hussein (17) as he inherited the royal title from his father Talal. King Hussein was installed on the throne after his father, King Talal, had been declared insane.
    (SFC, 1/23/99, p.A10)(SFC, 2/6/99, p.A13)(HNQ, 8/20/00)

1953        Oct 14, Ariel Sharon, who had formed the elite Israeli commando unit "101" to fight Palestinian guerrillas, led it in a raid against the Jordanian village of Qibya killing some 70 civilians.
    (SFC, 10/10/98, p.A8)(Econ, 12/16/06, p.85)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qibya_massacre)

1953        Nov 16, The US joined in the condemnation of Israel for its raid on Jordan.
    (HN, 11/16/98)

1954        Oct 14, An Israeli act of revenge in Qibiya, Jordan, killed 53.
    (MC, 10/14/01)

1955        May 29, Jordan government of Tewfik Abdul Huda resigned.
    (SC, 5/29/02)

1956        Jul 25, Jordanians attacked the UN Palestine truce.
    (SC, 7/25/02)

1956        Oct, With anti-colonialism on the rise throughout the Arab world, leftists took about half the seats in elections considered among Jordan's freest ever.
    (AP, 1/23/13)

1957        Apr, Jordan's Western-allied King Hussein suspended parliament for four years after an attempted leftist coup.
    (AP, 1/23/13)

1958        Feb 14, The Arab Federation of Iraq and Jordan formed under Iraq’s Faisal II. King Hussein forged a federation with Iraq, which was led by his cousin, Faisal II. The federation failed when Faisal was killed during a revolution in Iraq.
    (HNQ, 8/20/00)(MC, 2/14/02)

1958        Jul 14, In Iraq Gen. Abdel Karim al-Kassem (Qassim) assassinated Faisal II with his son and premier. Karim proclaimed a republic. Jordan’s King Hussein succeeded Faisal. Faisal II, Hashemite King of Iraq (1939-58), was assassinated at Baghdad and Noeri el-Said, premier of Iraq, was murdered. Mohammed Hadid (d.1999 at 92) served as the first finance minister under the government of Abdel Karim Qassem.
    (PC, 1992 ed, p.963)(AP, 7/14/97)(USAT, 3/24/99, p.18A) (SFC, 8/6/99, p.D4)
   
1958        Jul 20, King Hussein of Jordan broke off diplomatic relations with UAR.
    (MC, 7/20/02)   

1958        Aug 1, Jordan’s King Hussein dissolved the Arab Federation of Jordan and Iraq.
    (PCh, 1992, p.963)

1960        Feb 7, Old handwriting was found in at Qumran, Jordan, near the Dead Sea. [see 1947]
    (MC, 2/7/02)

1963-1994    King Hussein of Jordan (1935-1999) held at least 55 secret meetings with leading Israelis including at least seven prime and foreign ministers.
    (Econ, 11/24/07, p.88)   

1965        Apr 1, King Hussein bin Talal of Jordanian appointed his younger brother, Prince Hassan bin Talal, as crown prince and heir to the Hashemite throne.  This required a change to the Jordan constitution to allow for fraternal succession.
    (MC, 4/1/02)

1966        Nov 10, A land mine near Hebron killed 3 Israeli policemen. Israel retaliated with a weekend strike against West Bank villagers and ran into Jordanian troops in Samu. Palestinians rioted and demanded the overthrow of Jordan’s Pres. Hussein. The Arab legion was forced to fire and killed at least 4.
    (WSJ, 6/5/02, p.D7)

1967        Jun 5, The Six Day War erupted in the Middle East as Israel, convinced an Arab attack was imminent, raided Egyptian military targets. Syria, Jordan and Iraq entered the conflict. Jordan lost the West Bank, an area of 2,270 sq. miles. War broke out as Israel reacted to the removal of UN peace-keeping troops, Arab troop movements and the barring of Israeli ships in the Gulf of Aqaba.
    (AP, 6/5/97)(HN, 6/5/98)(NG, 5/93, p.58)(HNQ, 5/22/00)
1967        Jun 5-1967 Jun 10, Israel fought the Six-Day War against Syria and captured the Golan Heights, the Gaza Strip, the West Bank and East Jerusalem. Allegations that Israeli soldiers killed hundreds of Egyptian prisoners with the knowledge of national leaders were made by Israeli historians in 1995. Israel occupied Syrian territory. The Gaza Strip and the West Bank were captured by Israel. Israel annexed the largely Arab East Jerusalem, which included the Old City, and has since ringed it with Jewish neighborhoods.
    (WSJ, 8/17/95, p.A-1)(WSJ,11/24/95, p.A-1)(WSJ, 5/6/96, p.A-13)(SFC, 6/25/96, p.A10)(SFC, 1/22/98, p.B12)(SFC, 4/24/98, p.A17)

1967        Jun 8, On the 4th day of the Six-Day War Israel captured the Gaza Strip and Sinai Peninsula from Egypt, as well as the West Bank and Eastern Jerusalem from Jordan. Israel’s occupation of Gaza continued for the next 38 years.
    (SSFC, 6/3/07, p.E6)(Econ, 1/10/09, p.9)

1967        Jun 10, Israel completed its final offensive in the Golan Heights in the 6-Day Middle East War. The next day Israel and Syria agreed to observe a United Nations-mediated cease-fire. Israel took Gaza and the Sinai from Egypt, Old Jerusalem and the West Bank from Jordan, and the Golan Heights from Syria. In 2002 Michael B. Oren authored "Six Days of War: June 1967 and the making of the Modern Middle East." Israeli military historian Arieh Yitzhaki later said that his research showed Israeli troops killed 300 Egyptian prisoners of war. Israel said soldiers on both sides committed atrocities. In 2007 Tom Segev authored “1967: Israel, the War and the Year that Transformed the Middle East."
    (AP, 6/10/97)(WSJ, 6/5/02, p.D7)(AP, 3/6/07)(Econ, 5/26/07, p.97)

1967        Jun 11, Israel and Syria accepted a UN cease-fire. The UN brokered a cease-fire between Israel and the defeated Egypt, Syria, and Jordan, ending the Six-Day War with Israel occupying the Sinai, West Bank, East Jerusalem and the Golan Heights. Israel annexed the largely Arab East Jerusalem, which included the Old City, and has since ringed it with Jewish neighborhoods.
    (HN, 6/11/98)(AP, 6/11/03)(SFC, 6/25/96, p.A10)

1968        Mar 21, Israeli forces attacked a Palestinian base belonging to Fatah in the  village  of Al-Karameh in Jordan. Israeli forces engage in a battle with Palestinian fighters for the first time. On 24 March 1968, the Security Council adopted resolution 248 (1968), condemning the large scale and premeditated military actions by  Israel against Jordan. The Karameh mission failed. Muki Betser, Israeli commando, was wounded. He later became commander of the Sayeret Matkal, Israel’s elite counter-terrorist unit.
    (SFC, 7/16/96, p.E5)(www.un.int/palestine/chron60.shtml)

1970        Jun 11, Palestinian guerrillas and King Hussein's army signed a truce in Jordan after week of heavy clashes.
    (AP, 6/11/03)

1970        Aug 7, Israel, Jordan and Egypt agreed to a ceasefire under the terms of the US proposed Roger Plan. The Roger Plan was originally proposed in a December 9, 1969, speech at an Adult Education conference. The plan was formally announced on 19 June 1970.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_of_Attrition)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rogers_Plan)

1970        Sep 6, Palestinian guerrillas of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine seized control of three jetliners which were later blown up on the ground in Jordan after the passengers and crews were evacuated. This triggered a civil war in and the expulsion of Palestinians from Jordan.
    (SFC, 12/13/96, p.B4)(AP, 9/6/97)

1970        Sep 15, The Jordanian army attacked Palestinian positions. Within days PLO officials and commandos were expelled from Jordan and forced to move to Lebanon.
    (www.nmhschool.org/tthornton/mehistorydatabase/arabisraeliwars.php)(SFC, 2/8/99, p.A6)

1970        Sep 16, The Black September conflict began when King Hussein of Jordan declared military rule in response to a fedayeen coup d’état to seize his kingdom. This resulted in the deaths or expulsion of thousands of Palestinians from Jordan.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_September_Organization)

1970        Sep 21, King Hussein sent a plea to Israel for air support via the British embassy. Israel did not respond. The Black September crises left 2,000 people dead in 13 days of fighting.
    (SFC, 1/3/01, p.A12)

1970        Sep 27, A cease-fire accord was signed in Cairo between the Jordanian army and Palestinian guerrillas by King Hussein and Yasser Arafat brokered by the Arab peace committee headed by Bahi Ladgham of Tunisia.
    (SFC, 4/16/98, p.B4)(http://tinyurl.com/6e3v9s)

1970        Sep, During "Black September" army troops loyal to King Hussein put down a revolt by Palestinian guerrillas, who demanded the ouster of the King. Cmdr. Habes al-Majali (d.2001 at 87) crushed the rebellion led by followers of Yasser Arafat.
    (SFC, 2/6/99, p.A13)(SFC, 4/24/01, p.B2)

1971        Jul 13-1971 Jul 19, Jordanian troops proceeded to wipe out Palestinian guerrillas; some 1,500 prisoners were brought to Amman; Iraq and Syria soon broke off relations with Jordan.
    (www.onwar.com/aced/data/bravo/blacksept1970.htm)(WUD, 1994, p. 1688)

1971        Jul 23, Walid Ahmad Nimer al-Naser (b.1934), aka, Abu Ali Iyad, a senior Palestinian field commander based in Syria and Jordan, was reported killed by the Jordanian army. The PLO claimed he was captured and tortured to death by Jordanian forces days earlier. A splinter group seeking revenge soon developed within Fatah and came to be known as the Black September Organization.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abu_Ali_Iyad)

1971        Aug 12, Syrian Pres Assad dropped diplomatic relations with Jordan.
    (www.answers.com/topic/1971)

1971        Fatah, the armed faction of the Palestine Liberation Organization, arrived in Lebanon following its ouster from Jordan after losing the battles of "Black September".
    (SFC, 9/28/98, p.A10)(Econ, 1/24/15, p.42)

1973        Oct 6, The fourth Arab-Israeli war in 25 years was fought. Israel was taken by surprise when Egypt, Syria, Iraq and Jordan attacked on the Jewish holy day of Yom Kippur, beginning the Yom Kippur War. Syria tried to regain the Golan Heights with a massive attack with 1,500 tanks. The assault, empowered by Russian equipment, was repulsed by air power.
    (WSJ, 5/6/96, p.A-13)(TMC, 1994, p.1973)(AP, 10/6/97)(HN, 10/6/98)(Econ, 3/16/13, p.54)

1973        Dec 21, Israel, Egypt, Syria, Jordan, US and USSR leaders met in Geneva. The Geneva Conference of 1973 was an attempt to negotiate a solution to the Arab-Israeli conflict as called for in UN Security Council Resolution 338 which was passed after the 1973 Arab-Israeli War.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geneva_Conference_(1973))

1974        Oct 30, An Arab summit in Rabat, Jordon, decided that King Hussein would no longer speak for the Palestinians and named the PLO under Yasir Arafat as the sole, legitimate representative.
    (www.palestinefacts.org/pf_1967to1991_rabat_1974.php)(SFC, 2/6/99, p.A13)

1974        Nov, Jordanian women gained the right to vote.
    (AP, 1/23/13)

1977        Ahmad Chalabi (b.1944), Iraqi-born and US educated banker, founded Petra Bank in Jordan. The bank collapsed in 1990 following a scandal that involved an Iraqi account in exile. Chalabi fled Jordan, was convicted in absentia of bank fraud. He denied any wrongdoing.
    (WSJ, 11/7/05, p.A4)

1978        Jun 15, Lisa Halaby (b.1951), American-Arab of New York, married Jordan’s King Hussein and became Queen Noor.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Queen_Noor_of_Jordan)(AP, 6/15/97)

1983        Apr 10, King Hussein of Jordan, officially renounced pursuing any negotiations to implement the Reagan Plan, and ceased negotiations with PLO.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2q6ska)

1985        Feb 11, Jordan’s King Hussein and PLO leader Arafat signed an accord.
    (http://tinyurl.com/yy39mx)

1985        The Bani Hamida Women's Weaving Project was founded with a $5,000 grant from the US-based Save the Children group.
    (WSJ, 11/26/99, p.A1)

1986        Feb 22, Jordan King Hussein delivered a televised address in which he denounced PLO leader Yasser Arafat and accused him of reneging of previous promises made to accept resolutions 242 and 338.
    (http://tinyurl.com/mlurr)

1986        Apr 17, At London's Heathrow Airport, a bomb was discovered in a bag carried by an Irish woman about to board an El Al jetliner; she had been tricked into carrying the bomb by her Jordanian boyfriend.
    (AP, 4/17/06)

1986        Jul 7, Jordan’s government shut down all 25 offices of al-Fatah, the mainstream group in the divided Palestine Liberation Organization.
    (http://tinyurl.com/ycprwn)

1987        Jordan’s King Hussein helped Palestinian Islamists set up their armed group Hamas with a base in Amman.
    (Econ, 1/24/15, p.42)

1988        Jun 4, US Secretary of State George Shultz flew to Jordan, where he met with King Hussein. Afterward, Shultz said the Jordanian monarch was reluctant to engage in peace talks with Israel unless Israel agreed to give up land on the West Bank.
    (AP, 6/4/98)

1988        Jul 30, Jordan's King Hussein dissolved his country's lower house of Parliament, half of whose 60 members were from the Israeli-occupied West Bank. Hussein renounced sovereignty over the West Bank to the PLO.
    (AP, 7/30/98)(MC, 7/30/02)

1988        Jul 28, Jordan cancelled a $1.3 billion development plan in West Bank.
    (www.kinghussein.gov.jo/88_july31.html)

1988        Jul 30, Jordan's King Hussein dissolved his country's lower house of Parliament, half of whose 60 members were from the Israeli-occupied West Bank. Hussein renounced sovereignty over the West Bank to the PLO.
    (AP, 7/30/98)(http://tinyurl.com/ov6pf)

1988        Jul 31, In a televised speech, Jordan's King Hussein called for an independent Palestinian state in the Israeli-occupied territories as he told the Palestinians to take affairs into their own hands. Hussein renounced claims to the West Bank, paving the way for new elections and reforms.
    (HN, 7/31/98)(AP, 1/23/13)

1988        In Jordan soon after the beginning of the "intifada," King Hussein renounced rights to the West Bank and retained a role as guardian of Jerusalem's holy places.
    (SFC, 2/6/99, p.A13)

1989        Nov 8, Jordan held elections. Each voter cast one ballot for an individual candidate and another for an electoral list. Islamists formed the largest bloc in parliament.
    (AP, 1/23/13)

1989        Economic reforms were enacted.
    (SFC,11/5/97, p.C2)

1989        Ahmad Chalabi (b.1944), founding head of Petra Bank (1977), fled Jordan following a bank scandal that involved an Iraqi account in exile. 13 people were convicted including 9 Chalabis. Ahmed, who claimed the charges were politically motivated, was sentenced in absentia to 22 years hard labor for embezzling $300 million of state funds.
    (Econ, 10/4/03, p.44)(WSJ, 11/7/05, p.A4)

1990        Aug 16, President Bush met with Jordan’s King Hussein in Kennebunkport, Maine, where he urged the monarch to close Iraq’s access to the sea through the port of Aqaba.
    (AP, 8/16/00)

1990        Aug 30, UN Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar arrived in Jordan to try to mediate the Persian Gulf crisis.
    (AP, 8/30/00)

1990        Aug 31, UN Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar met twice with Iraqi Foreign Minister Tariq Aziz in Amman, Jordan, trying to negotiate a solution to the Persian Gulf crisis.
    (AP, 8/31/00)

1990s        Journalist Annie Caulfield made a number of visits to Jordan and later authored "Kingdom of the Film Stars: Journey into Jordan."
    (SSFC, 3/10/02, p.C6)

1990-1991    King Hussein maintained neutrality during the Gulf War.
    (SFC, 2/6/99, p.A13)

1991        Feb 6, Jordan’s King Hussein tilted sharply toward Iraq in the Gulf War, describing the conflict as an effort by outsiders to destroy Iraq and carve up the Arab world.
    (AP, 2/6/01)

1991        Jul 7, Jordan’s king abolished most provisions of martial law.
    (AP, 1/23/13)

1991        Jul 21, Jordan became the fourth Arab country to sign on to a US-backed Middle East peace conference.
    (AP, 7/21/01)

1991        Nov 1, The 3-day session of the Middle East peace conference recessed in Madrid, Spain. The conference led to Israeli deals with Jordan and the Palestinians and established the principle of land for peace.
    (AP, 11/1/01)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Madrid_Conference_of_1991)(Econ, 5/24/08, p.68)

1992        Jan 13, Israeli, Palestinian and Jordanian negotiators began talks in Washington on Palestinian autonomy.
    (AP, 1/13/98)

1992        Jan 14, Historic Mideast peace talks continued in Washington, with Israel and Jordan holding their first-ever formal negotiations, and the Israelis continuing exchanges with Palestinian representatives.
    (AP, 1/14/02)

1992        Jordan began allowing political parties.
    (AP, 1/23/13)

1993        Sep 14, Israel and Jordan signed a framework for negotiations, a day after the signing of a PLO-Israeli peace accord.
    (AP, 9/14/03)

1993        Nov, Jordan held new elections in which each voter has one vote. King Hussein let Islamic parties run for Parliament but rewrote voting rules to limit the number of seats that they could win. This angered the Muslim Brothers who said that the system favors local politicians with tribal ties rather than ideologically based lists. They win only a handful of seats and boycott the next elections.
    (WSJ, 7/3/96, p.A1)(AP, 1/23/13)

1993         Jordan lifted press restrictions.
    (AP, 1/23/13)

1994        Jul 25, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and Jordan's King Hussein signed a declaration at the White House ending their countries' 46-year-old formal state of war.
    (AP, 7/25/97)

1994        Aug 8, Israel and Jordan opened the first road link between the two once-
    warring countries.
    (AP, 8/8/99)

1994        Oct 17, Leaders of Israel and Jordan initialed a draft peace treaty.
    (AP, 10/17/99)

1994        Oct 26, Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin of Israel and Prime Minister Abdel Salam Majali of Jordan signed a peace treaty in a ceremony attended by President Clinton.
    (WSJ, 5/30/96, p.A4)(SFC, 6/15/96, p.A7)(SFC, 4/24/98, p.A17)(AP, 10/26/97)

1995        Feb 2, The leaders of Egypt, Israel, Jordan and the Palestinians held an unprecedented summit in Cairo to try to revive the Mideast peace process.
    (AP, 2/2/00)(http://tinyurl.com/255pml)

1995        Dec, France just signed an accord with Jordan providing for joint war games and technical assistance as well as French training for the army and air force.
    (WSJ, 12/18/95, p.A-10)

1995        The city of Amman was the site of the 1995 MENA Economic Summit.
    (WSJ, 10/27/95, p.A-1)

1996        Aug 19, King Hussein said 2 days of rioting over higher bread prices was quelled.
    (WSJ, 8/19/96, p.A1)

1997        Mar 13, A Jordanian soldier fired on Israeli junior high school girls on a field trip to the Jordan River island known as Naharayim or Island of Peace. Seven girls were killed and six injured.
    (SFC, 3/14/97, p.A13)

1997        Mar 16, In Beit Shemesh, Israel, Jordan's King Hussein knelt in mourning with the families of seven Israeli schoolgirls gunned down by a Jordanian soldier.
    (AP, Internet, 3/16/98)(SFC, 2/6/99, p.A10)

1997        Sep 25, In Jordan Khaled Mashaal, the political leader of Hamas, was chemically attacked by two men with forged Canadian passports in Amman. Hamas accused the men of being Israeli Mossad agents. Jordan's King Hussein intervened, forcing Israel to send the antidote that saved the Hamas leader's life and release the group's jailed founder in exchange for the freedom of its captured agents.
    (SFC, 10/2/97, p.A10)(SFC, 10/3/97, p.B4)(SFC, 10/12/97, p.A17)(AP, 9/25/04)

1997        Sep 29, It was reported that Jordan shut down 13 weekly newspapers for allegedly failing to maintain assets and cash to $430,000.
    (SFC, 9/29/97, p.A12)

1997        Oct 1, Israel under PM Netanyahu freed Sheik Ahmed Yassin (61), the founder and spiritual leader of Hamas. The ill Yassin was taken to Jordan and hospitalized. As part of the deal an antidote for the chemical used on last week’s Meshaal attack was demanded by Jordan and Israel requested the release of the Meshaal attackers. This secured the release of two Mossad agents arrested in Jordan following a botched assassination attempt against Hamas political leader Khalid Mashaal.
    (SFC, 10/2/97, p.A10)(AP, 10/1/98)(Econ, 10/15/11, p.55)

1997        Nov 4, It was reported that Jordan receives $225 million in annual aid from the US. Voter turnout reached only 54.5% and tribal leaders loyal to King Hussein won a majority of parliament, 47 of 80 lower house seats.
    (SFC,11/4/97, p.A8)(SFC,11/5/97, p.C2)

1997        Dec 10, Jordan expelled 7 Iraqi diplomats after Iraq executed 4 Jordanians accused of smuggling $850 worth of auto parts.
    (SFC,12/11/97, p.A18)

1998        Jan 18, Assailants assassinated 8 people in a hilltop villa that included a top Iraqi diplomat, Hikmet Hajou, and Iraqi businessman Namir Ochi, who handled food imports to Iraq for Saddam Hussein.
    (SFC, 1/19/98, p.B2)

1998        Jan 26, The Supreme Court suspended an amendment to the press law, passed last May, and cleared the way for 12 newspapers to resume publishing.
    (SFC, 1/27/98, p.A10)

1998        Feb 20, In Jordan a pro-Iraq march turned violent and one person was killed.
    (SFC, 2/21/98, p.A8)

1998        Mar 21, Sheik Assad Bayyoud Tamini (86), a militant Muslim leader who later advocated peace with Israel, died in Amman.
    (SFC, 3/24/98, p.B2)

1998        Jul 13, King Hussein went to the US to receive treatment for cancer.
    (SFC, 11/28/98, p.A12)

1998        Aug 19, In Jordan the cabinet resigned over polluted drinking water in Amman and King Hussein appointed Fayez Tarawneh to form a new administration. Hussein was at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester for lymphatic cancer.
    (SFC, 8/20/98, p.A16)

1998        Oct 20, King Hussein of Jordan joined Pres. Clinton to press for the Israeli-Palestinian compromise.
    (WSJ, 10/21/98, p.A1)

1998        Jordan began a divestiture program. By 2004 it reaped over $1 billion from the sale of state-owned companies and expected to raise another $600 million.
    (WSJ, 11/10/04, p.A15)

1998        Jordan received ok from the American CIA to sell 50,000 surplus AK-47 assault rifles to Peru. Many of the rifles went to leftist guerrillas in Colombia and Vladimiro Montesinos, Peru’s spy chief, was implicated.
    (SFC, 11/6/00, p.A12)

1998        Samih Toukan founded Maktoob in Amman, Jordan, a software firm dedicated to replacing English with Arabic in e-mail systems. Maktoob.com was the world’s 1st Arab language Web site. In 2000 the firm received a $2.5 million cash injection from an Egyptian investment bank and launched the first Arabic e-mail.
    (SFC, 9/9/00, p.A14)(SSFC, 5/15/05, p.C1)(Econ, 4/12/14, p.40)

1999        Jan 19, In Jordan King Hussein returned home following cancer treatment at the Mayo Clinic.
    (SFC, 1/20/99, p.A10)

1999        Jan 22, King Hussein informed his brother Hassan that he would be removed as successor and would be appointed as a deputy. Hussein desired to move his own sons in line for the Crown.
    (SFC, 1/23/99, p.A10)

1999        Jan 25, In Jordon King Hussein named his eldest son, Abdullah, as heir to the throne.
    (SFC, 1/26/99, p.A12)

1999        Jan 26, In Jordan King Hussein left for the Mayo clinic and his son Abdullah was sworn in to run the country in his absence.
    (SFC, 1/27/99, p.A7)

1999        Feb 5, In Jordan King Hussein was pronounced clinically dead but his heart continued and his family kept him on life support systems.
    (SFC, 2/6/99, p.A1)

1999        Feb 7, In Jordan King Hussein (63) officially died from Hodgkin's lymphoma. He was succeeded by his eldest son, who takes the throe as Abdullah II. In 2008 “Lion of Jordan: The Life of King Hussein in War and Peace," by Avi Shlaim was published.
    (SFC, 2/8/99, p.A1)(AP, 2/7/00)(Econ, 11/24/07, p.88)(AP, 1/23/13)

1999        Mar 26, In Jordan security authorities released more than 20 activists of an illegal Islamic party who were sentenced to different jail terms over the past year. The decision to release Al Tahrir Party activists followed a public amnesty signed by His Majesty King Abdullah last week under which more than 2,500 prisoners and detainees are expected to be freed.
    (www.jordanembassyus.org/033099003.htm)

1999        Jun 20, It was reported that honor killings, the killing of girls and women by their relatives to cleanse "soiled honor," regularly claim about 25 lives a year.
    (SFEC, 6/20/99, p.A4)

1999        Aug 23, The National Popular Campaign for Ending So-Called Honor Crimes began efforts to get rights for women and harsher laws against men who kill female relatives for family honor.
    (SFC, 8/24/99, p.A12)

1999        Aug 30, Police in Amman stormed offices linked to the radical Palestinian Hamas movement.
    (SFC, 8/31/99, p.A13)

1999        Nov 21, In Jordan King Abdullah pardoned 25 Hamas members and expelled 4 of them to Qatar. Jordanian authorities expelled Khalid Mishal, Ibrahim Ghawsha, and two other members to Qatar; released the remaining detainees; and announced that the HAMAS offices would remain closed permanently. Charges against the HAMAS officials included possession of weapons and explosives for use in illegal acts. 
    (www.fas.org/irp/threat/terror_99/mideast.html)(SFC, 11/22/99, p.A13)(Econ, 10/10/09, p.50)

1999        Abu Musab Al-Zarqawi, whose real name is Ahmed Fadheel Nazzal al-Khalayleh, was freed from a prison in Jordan under a royal amnesty. He was doing jail time for militant activities aimed at toppling the monarchy.
    (AP, 11/21/05)

1999-2003    The US Volcker report of 2005 said that Australia's wheat exporter, AWB Ltd., paid over $221 million during this period to the Jordanian company, Alia, and that some of the money was for the benefit of the Iraqi government.
    (Econ, 1/28/06, p.41)   

2000        Feb 22, In Jordan a 15-year-old boy strangled his sister (14) in a "crime of honor" because he considered her to have shamed his family. An autopsy revealed that the girl was a virgin.
    (SFC, 2/25/00, p.D4)

2000        Mar 20, Pope John Paul II arrived in Jordan for the beginning of his Holy land tour. He prayed at Mt. Nebo where the bible says Moses first viewed the Promised Land.
    (WSJ, 3/20/00, p.A1)(SFC, 3/21/00, p.A1)

2000        Mar 28, Jordan with US intelligence help indicted 28 followers of Osama bin Laden for plotting attacks against American tourists in Dec.
    (SFC, 3/29/00, p.A14)

2000        Apr 23, King Abdullah II made his first state visit to Israel and spent 4 hours in Eilat with Prime Minister Barak.
    (SFC, 4/24/00, p.A12)

2000        Jun 18, In Jordan King Abdullah II accepted the resignation of Prime Minister Abdur-Ra-‘uf Rawabdeh and appointed economist Ali Abu Ragheb (54) to form a cabinet.
    (SFC, 6/19/00, p.A9)

2000        Jul 25, In Jordan a US-made C-130 transport plane crashed and 13 soldiers were killed.
    (SFC, 7/26/00, p.A14)

2000        Sep 18, A military tribunal sentenced 6 Muslim militants to death for planned terrorist attacks against US and Israeli targets in Jordan. 4 of the 6 were at large and tried in absentia.
    (SFC, 9/19/00, p.A12)

2000        Sep 27, Jordan planned a flight to Iraq regardless of clearance from the UN sanctions committee.
    (SFC, 9/27/00, p.A15)

2000        Oct 24, The US signed a free trade deal with Jordan that included labor rights and environmental standards.
    (SFC, 10/25/00, p.A16)

2000        Nov 19, An Israeli envoy was wounded in an apparent assassination attempt.
    (SFC, 11/20/00, p.A8)

2000        Dec, Raed Hijazi (33), a California-born alleged operative of Osama bin Laden, was extradited from Syria to Jordan for planning bomb attacks on Christian, Jewish and US targets as part of a foiled millennium plot. [see Feb 11, 2002]
    (SFC, 10/3/01, p.A7)

2000        The Jordanian village of Taybet Zaman near Petra was bought wholesale and transformed into a contemporary hotel.
    (SSFC, 7/24/05, p.F5)

2000        The so-called Gabriel Stone was reportedly found in Jordan. It features an unknown prophetic text from the time of the Second Jewish Temple. In 2013 it went on exhibit at the Israel Museum in Jerusalem.
    (AP, 4/30/13)

2001        Mar 28, An Arab summit convened in Amman. Delegates had already approved a draft resolution for the UN to allow Baghdad to fund the Palestinian uprising.
    (WSJ, 3/27/01, p.A17)

2001        Apr 10, Pres. Bush met with Jordan’s King Abdullah and both agreed that ending violence in the Middle East was the main goal for the region.
    (WSJ, 4/11/01, p.A1)

2001        Apr, King Abdullah went on a 5-day national tour with Peter Greenberg of the Travel Channel. "His majesty ran me ragged."
    (SSFC, 9/23/01, Par p.15)

2001        Sep 24, The US rewarded Jordan for its role in the anti-terrorist coalition with the passage of a free trade treaty.
    (SFC, 9/25/01, p.A1)

2001        Nov 4, It was reported that some 400,000 Iraqis lived in Jordan, most of them refugees from the Gulf War, and that Iraqi intelligence agents operated there freely.
    (SSFC, 11/4/01, p.A3)

2001        Nov 9, King Abdullah II said his country would consider sending troops to Afghanistan to help the anti-terrorism coalition.
    (SFC, 11/10/01, p.A3)

2001        Dec 25, Arab gunmen ambushed Israeli troops along the Jordan border. One Israeli soldier was killed along with 2 of the gunmen. Israel lifted a blockade around Jericho.
    (SFC, 12/26/01, p.A3)(WSJ, 12/26/01, p.A1)

2001        At Washington’s request the UN Security Council ordered that the assets of Yassin Qadi, a Saudi businessman and multimillionaire, be frozen soon after the Sep 11 attacks in NYC. He was alleged to be a financier of Islamic terrorism with close links to al-Qaida. The EU froze the assets of Yasin al-Qadi, a Saudi businessman, and the Al-Barakaat International Foundation, a Sweden-based charity suspected of funding al-Qaida terror groups. In 2008 the EU's highest court overturned the decision saying the order failed to offer those on a terror blacklist any legal rights to a judicial review under European law. Also frozen were the assets of Omar Mohammed Othman, also known as Abu Qatada, an extremist Muslim preacher from Jordan. In 2009 an EU court voided the freeze on Othman due to lack of proper judicial review. Othman has lived in Britain since 1993, has been arrested several times there under anti-terrorist legislation and currently faced deportation to Jordan.
    (WSJ, 8/29/07, p.A1)(AP, 9/3/08)(AP, 6/11/09)

2002        Feb 11, In Jordan Raed Hijazi (33) was convicted and sentenced to be hung for plotting to blow up tourist sites during millennium celebrations. [see Dec 2000]
    (SFC, 2/12/02, p.A12)

2002        Feb 19, In Jordan a military prosecutor froze the assets of some prominent businessmen and former intelligence officials. Fraudulent loans were reported to be as much as $85 million.
    (WSJ, 2/20/02, p.A18)

2002        Feb 28, In Amman a bomb killed 2 passersby and destroyed the car of a top anti-terrorism official’s wife.
    (WSJ, 3/1/02, p.A1)

2002        Mar 12, In Amman US VP Cheney met with King Abdullah II, who expressed concern over any possible strike against Iraq.
    (SFC, 3/13/02, p.A11)

2002        Mar 21, King Abdullah II visited Los Angeles on his way to the UN conference in Mexico.
    (SSFC, 3/24/02, p.A15)

2002        Apr 4, The UN released $995 million in compensation to Kuwait for Iraq’s 1990 invasion. Most went to 1,058 individuals. Saudi Arabia received $82.6 million and Jordan got $44.9.
    (SFC, 4/5/02, p.A12)

2002        Apr 9, Queen Rania led a pro-Palestinian march in Amman.
    (SFC, 4/10/02, p.A18)

2002        May 14, It was reported that the Jordanian court had recently granted the country’s 1st divorce under a new law.
    (SFC, 5/15/02, p.A13)

2002        May 16, A military court convicted Toujan Faisal, Jordan's 1st female lawmaker, of harming the government's reputation in an open letter accusing the PM of financial wrongdoing. She was sentenced to 1 ½ years in prison.
    (SFC, 5/17/02, p.A20)

2002        Jul 1, Jordan reported that 11 people, including a Palestinian-Jordanian who fled the American bombing on Osama bin Laden's stronghold in Afghanistan, have been detained in connection with an alleged plot to attack American targets.
    (AP, 7/1/02)

2002        Sep 1, Israel and Jordan announced their largest joint project ever, an $800 million pipeline intended to save the shrinking Dead Sea from environmental devastation.
    (AP, 9/1/02)

2002        Oct 28, In Jordan an assassin pumped eight shots into Laurence Foley (62), an employee of the US Agency for International Development, outside his home in the first known killing of a Western envoy in Amman. 2 suspects were arrested Dec 14. Abu Musab Zarqawi was suspected in the murder. In 2009 a military court convicted Al-Qaida militant Mohammed Ahmed Youssef al-Jaghbeer in a retrial for the murder of Foley and sentenced him to death.
    (AP, 10/28/02)(WSJ, 12/16/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 2/10/04, p.A8)(SFC, 7/14/09, p.A2)

2002        Nov 10, In Jordan police clashed with a gang of alleged smugglers led by a Muslim extremist who escaped from custody 10 days ago, and several people were killed.
    (AP, 11/10/02)

2002        Nov 24,  In Maan, Jordan, one person was killed and several wounded in shootings between officers and crowds who attacked police patrols. The city is home to conservative Bedouin tribesmen who are heavily armed and oppose the government's pro-Western stance and Jordan's 1994 peace treaty with Israel.
    (AP, 11/27/02)

2002        Dec 14, Jordanian police announced the arrest of two alleged al-Qaida members in the October killing of American diplomat Laurence Foley.
    (AP, 12/14/03)

2003        Apr 1, In Jordan authorities said they had foiled two recent Iraqi terror plots, including one by Iraqi diplomats allegedly planning to contaminate water supplies to Jordanian and US troops on Jordan's desert border with Iraq.
    (AP, 4/1/03)

2003        Jun 17, Jordanians voted for a new parliament, six years after the previous one was dissolved. Allies of King Abdullah II won more than half of the seats in Jordan's parliamentary elections. Jordan's parliament, unlike many Arab legislatures, can block bills and dismiss a prime minister and his Cabinet.
    (AP, 6/17/03)(AP, 6/18/03)

2003        Jul 31, Two of ousted Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein's daughters and their nine children were granted refuge in Jordan.
    (AP, 7/31/04)

2003        Jul, Samih Battikhi, former Jordanian intelligence chief, was sentenced to 4 years in jail for corruption.
    (Econ, 7/19/03, p.36)

2003        Aug 7, In Iraq a car bomb shattered a street outside the walled Jordanian Embassy, killed 19 people — including two children.
    (SFC, 8/9/03, p.A1)(AP, 8/7/08)

2003        Oct 22, Jordan's king asked a royal court minister to form a new government.
    (AP, 10/22/03)

2003        Oct 25, In Amman, Jordan, Faisal al-Fayez (51) was sworn in as the new PM along with 20 Cabinet members.
    (AP, 10/26/03)

2003        Nov 19, A Jordanian truck driver fired on a crowd of tourists crossing into Israel, killing one and wounding four, in an attack near the Red Sea resort of Eilat. The gunman was killed by Israeli security personnel.
    (AP, 11/19/03)

2004        Mar 9, Groundbreaking ceremonies were set for a research center on the Israeli-Jordan border. The Bridging the Rift foundation, launched in 1999, planned a $30 million environmental research center created with the assistance of California's Stanford Univ.
    (SFC, 2/28/04, p.A8)

2004        Mar 18, Jordan's King Abdullah and PM Ariel Sharon held a secret meeting at the Israeli leader's ranch to discuss Sharon's plan to withdraw unilaterally from Palestinian areas.
    (AP, 3/19/04)

2004        Apr 6, Jordan's military court convicted 8 Muslim militants and sentenced them to death for the 2002 killing of U.S. aid official Laurence Foley in a terror conspiracy linked to al-Qaida.
    (AP, 4/6/05)

2004        Apr 17, Sgt. Maj. Ahmed Mustafa Ibrahim Ali, a Jordanian policeman, shot into a group of U.N. police officers in a prison compound in Kosovo. Two Americans and the Jordanian assailant were killed. 10 U.S. officers and an Austrian were wounded in the gunbattle.
    (AP, 4/18/04)(SSFC, 4/18/04, p.A14)

2004        Apr 20, In Jordan police shot and killed three suspected terrorists who were believed to have planned to detonate a bomb that would have flattened a large part of the capital Amman.
    (AP, 4/20/04)

2004        May 3, California Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger paid a hastily arranged visit to King Abdullah II of Jordan following criticism from Arab-Americans that his Mideast trip excluded a meeting with Arabs.
    (AP, 5/3/04)

2004        May 15, In Jordan a three-day World Economic Forum began. Augusto Lopez-Claros, chief economist and director of the Global Competitiveness Program in the World Economic Forum, said "oil will remain a source of instability in the world, and perhaps in the short-term it is the most significant factor."
    (AP, 5/14/04)(AP, 5/15/04)

2004        Jun 5, The European Investment Bank (EIB) granted a loan of 100 million euros (122 million dollars) to Egypt's state-run natural gas holding company (EGAS) to finance pipeline construction in Jordan.
    (AFP, 6/6/04)

2004        Jun 16, A Jordanian military court convicted 15 men, only one of whom was in custody, for a terror conspiracy targeting U.S. and Israeli interests.
    (AP, 6/16/04)

2004        Jul 26, A suicide car bomber attacked near a U.S. base in the northern city of Mosul, killing three Iraqis. Assassins gunned down a senior Interior Ministry official and militants said they kidnapped two Jordanian truck drivers in spiraling violence in Iraq.
    (AP, 7/26/04)

2004        Jul 27, The chief executive of a Jordanian firm working for the U.S. military in Iraq said he was withdrawing from the country to secure the release of two employees who have been kidnapped by militants.
    (AP, 7/27/04)

2004        Oct 17, Jordan's military prosecutor indicted Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, one of the most wanted insurgents in Iraq, and 12 other alleged Muslim militants for an alleged al-Qaida linked plot to attack the U.S. Embassy in Amman and Jordanian government targets.
    (AP, 10/17/04)

2004        Nov 3, Gunmen abducted a Lebanese-American contractor who worked with the U.S. Army from his Baghdad home. 4 Jordanian truck drivers were seized by assailants in a separate kidnapping. Gunmen also killed an Oil Ministry official, Hussein Ali al-Fattal, in a driveby shooting.
    (AP, 11/3/04)

2004        Dec 27, Jordan's military court on acquitted 13 Muslim militants, including three Saudi fugitives, of conspiring to commit terror attacks against U.S. targets in Jordan, but sentenced 11 of them to prison terms ranging from six to 15 years for possessing explosives.
    (AP, 12/27/04)

2004        The book “Forbidden Love" by Norma Khouri was published as a true story about an honor killing in Jordan. In the US it was published as “Honor Lost." Publishers in the US and Australia later withdrew the book over allegations of its truthfulness.
    (SFC, 7/29/04, p.E2)

2004-2008    Jordan stripped some 2,700 Jordanians of Palestinian origin of their citizenship during this period. Nearly half the kingdom’s people were of Palestinian origin. The government allegedly feared that if Palestinians were to become a majority, it would disrupt the its delicate demographic balance.
    (SFC, 2/2/10, p.A2)

2005        Jan 1, Jordan was forecast for 5.1% annual GDP growth with a population at 5.8 million and GDP per head at $2,010.
    (Econ, 1/8/05, p.94)

2005        Jan 27, Jordan’s King Abdullah II said he would introduce some limited democratic reforms in his kingdom.
    (AP, 1/27/05)

2005        Mar 18, King Abdullah II of Jordan proposed a new peace strategy that drops traditional Arab demands that Israel give up all land seized in the 1967 war and offers the Jewish state normalized relations with Arab countries.
    (AP, 3/19/05)

2005        Mar 19, Jordan, under pressure from other Arab countries, accepted amendments to its contentious proposal that was designed to revise Arab demands on Israel in return for normal relations.
    (AP, 3/19/05)

2005        Mar 20, In Jordan an appeals court has overturned the conviction of a Jordanian found guilty of financing Abu-Musab al-Zarqawi's insurgent group in Iraq. The Court of Cassation said the Oct. 31 conviction of Bilal Mansur al-Hiyari by the military State Security Court "fell short of adequate justifications and causes."
    (AP, 6/7/05)

2005        Mar 22, A Jordanian military court convicted three Iraqis of smuggling rockets and hand grenades into the kingdom in connection with a plot to attack U.S. and Israeli targets.
    (AP, 3/22/05)

2005        Apr 17, Israel's Cabinet unanimously approved the release of nine Jordanian prisoners.
    (AP, 4/17/05)

2005        May 18, In Petra, Jordan, Elie Wiesel, the Dalai Lama and other Nobel Prize laureates debated solutions to challenges facing the modern world.
    (AP, 5/18/05)

2005        May 22, Jordan, Israel and the Palestinian Authority said they had agreed terms for a feasibility study on transferring water from the Red Sea to the Dead Sea, to save the world's lowest sea from vanishing.
    (AP, 5/22/05)

2005        Jun 5, In Jordan 14 men who earlier admitted plotting terrorism and sparking riots that killed six people in southern Jordan testified that they were tortured into confessing. The men then pleaded innocent before a military court.
    (AP, 6/5/05)

2005        Jun 24, In Jordan Saddam Hussein's daughter said his family will publish next week a novel written by the ousted Iraqi leader before the U.S.-led war.
    (AP, 6/24/05)

2005        Jun 26, Jordan barred publication of Saddam Hussein's fourth novel, titled "Get Out, Damned One," due to political concerns. Saddam's eldest daughter, Raghad, said her father finished the novel March 18, 2003, a day before the U.S.-led war on Iraq began
    (AP, 6/26/05)

2005        Jul 6, In Jordan over 170 leading Muslim scholars in Amman concluded an Int’l Islamic Conference. They affirmed their authority and announced a mutual recognition between Islam’s 8 main schools of legal interpretation: 4 Sunni, 2 Shia, the Ibadis of Oman and the small but prestigious Zahiri school.
    (Econ, 7/30/05, p.41)(www.asmasociety.org/home/)

2005        Aug 4, A Jordanian prosecutor said Jordan has arrested 17 militants linked to al-Qaida who were allegedly plotting to attack U.S. troops and Jordanian intelligence agents.
    (AP, 8/4/05)

2005        Aug 14, A legal source said Jordan will charge London-based radical Muslim cleric Abu Qatada (44) with plotting to stage terrorist attacks when he is extradited from Britain.
    (AFP, 8/14/05)

2005        Aug 19, Attackers fired at least three rockets from Jordan, with one narrowly missing a US Navy ship docked at Aqaba and killing a Jordanian soldier. It was the most serious militant attack on the Navy since the USS Cole was bombed in 2000.
    (AP, 8/19/05)

2005        Aug 23, Iraq's al-Qaida wing claimed responsibility for the Aug 19 rocket attack that barely missed U.S. warships docked in the Jordanian port of Aqaba.
    (AP, 8/23/05)

2005        Sep 11, In Jordan 12 Islamic militants screamed praise for the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks as a Jordanian court jailed them for up to three years for plotting terrorist strikes against the American and Israeli embassies.
    (AP, 9/11/05)

2005        Sep 12, King Abdullah II of Jordan paid Pope Benedict XVI a visit, saying he wanted to foster an honest dialogue between the West and moderate Islam.
    (AP, 9/12/05)

2005        Sep 16, Israeli PM Ariel Sharon met with Jordan's King Abdullah II, their first talks in months and a further sign of warming relations between the Jewish state and the Arab world after Israel's Gaza withdrawal.
    (AP, 9/16/05)

2005        Sep 21, The Kremlin issued a letter from President Vladimir Putin to Jordanian King Abdullah II, delivered personally by Moscow-backed Chechen President Alu Alkhanov during his Middle Eastern tour. Putin said in the letter that the situation in Chechnya was "steadily normalizing." Jordan has a large Chechen Diaspora.
    (AP, 9/21/05)

2005        Oct 14, Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas arrived in Jordan for talks with King Abdullah II.
    (AP, 10/14/05)

2005        Oct 22, In Haiti Muhammed Khalaf (32), a UN peacekeeper from the Jordanian army.  was shot while on patrol near the volatile Cite Soleil slum of Port-au-Prince. He died 2 days later.
    (AP, 10/24/05)

2005        Nov 9, Suicide bombers In Jordan carried out nearly simultaneous attacks on three U.S.-based hotels in the capital of Amman in what appeared to be an al-Qaida assault. 2 Americans were among at least 59 people killed and 115 wounded.
    (AP, 11/10/05)(WSJ, 11/11/05, p.A1)

2005        Nov 10, After Jordanians took to the streets to call for terror leader Abu Musab al-Zarqawi  to "burn in hell,"  an al-Qaida manifesto said the Grand Hyatt, the Radisson SAS and the Days Inn, were used by NATO as a rear base "from which the convoys of the crusaders and the renegades head back and forth to the land of Iraq where Muslims are killed and their blood is shed."
    (AP, 11/10/05)

2005        Nov 11, Al-Qaida in Iraq claimed that four Iraqis, including a husband and wife, carried out the Nov 9 suicide bombings against three Amman hotels, and police arrested 120 Jordanians and Iraqis in the hunt for anyone who might have aided them.
    (AP, 11/11/05)
2005        Nov 11, In Jordan Moustapha Akkad, the Syrian-born producer of the "Halloween" horror films, died from wounds sustained in the triple hotel bombings.
    (AP, 11/11/05)

2005        Nov 12, Jordan's deputy premier said 3 "non-Jordanian" suicide bombers belonging to al-Qaida in Iraq carried out Amman's triple hotel attacks that killed at least 57 people.
    (AP, 11/12/05)

2005        Nov 13, Jordanian security forces arrested Sajida Ubarak Atrous al-Rishawi (35), an Iraqi woman, whose husband is suspected of blowing up one of three Amman hotels. Al-Rishawi confessed on television to trying to blow herself up with her husband in one of the three Nov. 9 suicide attacks in Amman. This followed a tip off by an al-Qaida claim that a husband-and-wife team participated in the attacks that killed 57 other people. Her husband was Ali Hussein Ali Shamari. The 2 other bombers were identified as Rawad Jassem Mohammed Abed (23) and Safaa Mohammed Ali (23). The bombers were from Fallujah.
    (AP, 11/13/05)(SFC, 11/14/05, p.A3)

2005        Nov 15, Jordan introduced strict security measures aimed at foreigners and said it was drafting the country's first anti-terror specific legislation to prevent further attacks like last week's the triple hotel bombings.
    (AP, 11/15/05)
2005        Nov 15, A US Embassy official said a 4th American has died from wounds sustained in last week's triple hotel bombings in the Jordanian capital.
    (AP, 11/16/05)

2005        Nov 24, Jordan's King Abdullah II named Marouf al-Bakhit as the new prime minister hours after the resignation of Adnan Badran. The king urged the new PM to launch an all-out war against Islamic militancy in the wake of the triple hotel bombings earlier this month that killed 63 people.
    (AP, 11/24/05)(SFC, 11/25/05, p.A3)

2005        Nov 29, In Jordan more than 370 members of the clan of al-Qaida in Iraq leader Abu Musab al-Zarqawi joined his family in publishing a full-page letter in Jordanian newspapers disowning him.
    (AP, 11/29/05)

2005        Dec 18, Jordan's military court sentenced al-Qaida in Iraq chief Abu Musab al-Zarqawi to death for a second time for a failed suicide bombing along the Iraqi border a year ago.
    (AP, 12/18/05)

2005        Dec 20, Jordan named a tough anti-terrorism general to replace the country's top intelligence operative and approved a new Cabinet, part of a political and security overhaul since last month's deadly hotel bombings.
    (AP, 12/20/05)

2005        Dec 24, Iraq’s governing Shiite coalition called on Iraqis to accept results showing the religious bloc leading in parliamentary elections and moved ahead with efforts to form a “national unity" government. The electoral commission said it would carry out a court decision to remove 90 people who were members of Saddam's Hussein's outlawed Baath party from the tickets of political parties and coalitions that participated in Dec. 15 elections. Militants released a video of a Jordanian hostage, giving Jordan 3 days to cut ties with the Baghdad government and free a female would-be suicide bomber involved in November attacks in Amman.
    (AP, 12/24/05)(AP, 12/24/06)

2006        Jan 8, Jordan's parliament approved a law that prevents Amman handing over US citizens accused of war crimes to the international criminal court (ICC).
    (Reuters, 1/8/06)

2006        Jan 17, In Haiti gunmen killed two Jordanian UN peacekeepers and seriously wounded a third at a checkpoint in Cite Soleil, a slum in Port-au-Prince.
    (AP, 1/17/06)

2006        Jan 31, Saudi Arabia and Jordan pressed the Islamic militant group Hamas to moderate its stand on Israel and to entice the defeated Fatah party into a deal to share power.
    (AP, 1/31/06)

2006        Feb 4, Jihad Momani, a Jordanian tabloid editor, was arrested after his newspaper published controversial cartoons depicting the Prophet Mohammed, while an investigation was launched into a second weekly newspaper that also printed the cartoons. Momani, editor-in-chief of the weekly gossip newspaper Shihane, was fired from his job the previous day.
    (AFP, 2/4/06)

2006        Feb 15, A Jordanian military court sentenced to death nine men, including al-Qaida in Iraq leader Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, for a plot to carry out a chemical attack against the kingdom. Al-Zarqawi and three others received the death penalty in absentia.
    (AP, 2/15/06)

2006        Mar 1, Inmates of Juweideh prison released Jordan's top prison official along with a half-dozen police officers they had taken hostage, ending a 14-hour riot in 3 prisons that broke out over the fate of two convicted al-Qaida killers.
    (AP, 3/2/06)

2006        Mar 8, A Jordanian military court convicted 11 militants, including five fugitives, of running a network that recruited and smuggled fighters into Iraq to attack US forces.
    (AP, 3/8/06)

2006        Mar 11, In Jordan 2 militants were executed by hanging for the killing in Amman of a US diplomat.
    (AP, 3/11/06)

2006        Mar 12, In Jordan 5 Islamic militants were convicted of plotting terrorist attacks on Jordanian intelligence agents, foreign tourists and upscale hotels and sentenced to prison terms ranging from 10 years to life.
    (AP, 3/12/06)

2006        Mar 14, Jordan indicted Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, the leader of al-Qaida in Iraq, and 7 others for the November bombings in Amman.
    (SFC, 3/15/06, p.A3)

2006        Mar 31, Jordanian health officials announced the kingdom's first human case of the bird flu in a worker (31) believed to have contracted the deadly strain in his home village in Egypt.
    (AP, 3/31/06)

2006        Apr 3, In Jordan a bomb exploded at a shop selling Iraqi scrap metal, killing two people and wounding four.
    (AP, 4/3/06)

2006        Apr 13, In Jordan security forces stormed a prison to put down a riot after inmates claimed they had taken two policemen hostage. One prisoner was killed in the clashes while 15 police and 20 inmates were injured.
    (AP, 4/13/06)

2006        Apr 18, Jordan accused Hamas activists of smuggling missiles and other weapons into the kingdom and said it was canceling a planned visit of the Palestinian foreign minister, the second diplomatic snub for the Hamas-led government in a week. Jordan later reported that it had detained more than 20 Hamas activists for smuggling arms from Syria.
    (AP, 4/18/06)(AP, 5/10/06)

2006        May 23, Ziad Khalaf Raja al-Karbouly, an Iraqi government contractor, confessed on Jordanian television to kidnapping and killing on the orders of al-Qaida in Iraq before he was lured to Jordan and arrested.
    (AP, 5/23/06)

2006        May 29, In Washington DC Jordan's King Abdullah II met with President Bush and urged him to pursue Israeli-Palestinian peace efforts.
    (AP, 5/29/06)

2006        Jun 11, Jordan arrested four lawmakers who visited the family of slain terrorist leader Abu Musab al-Zarqawi. They were charged with "instigating sectarian strike" and "fueling national discord" and remained jailed, serving 15-day detention orders.
    (AP, 6/18/06)

2006        Aug 17, Jordanian envoy Ahmed al-Lozi has presented his credentials to the Iraqi government, becoming the first fully accredited Arab ambassador in the country since the fall of Saddam Hussein.
    (AP, 8/18/06)

2006        Aug 25, In Jordan top leaders of Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas' Fatah party gave their leader the go-ahead to begin forming a unity government with the militant Hamas in an effort to end internal feuding and international isolation.
    (AP, 8/25/06)

2006        Aug 27, Jordan's parliament endorsed the country's first anti-terrorism law despite objections by some lawmakers that the bill curtails freedoms.
    (AP, 8/27/06)

2006        Sep 4, Nabeel Ahmed Issa al-Jaourah opened fire on tourists near a popular Roman ruins site in Jordan's capital, killing Christopher Stokes, a British man, and wounding five other foreigners and a local police officer. Police overpowered and arrested the attacker at the scene. Al-Jaourah was sentenced to death in December.
    (AP, 9/4/06)(AP, 12/21/06)

2006        Sep 13, In Jordan a military court convicted 10 suspected militants in two separate terrorism cases that included conspiracies to kill Americans. Lawmakers approved a measure that would only allow a state-appointed council to issue religious edicts, a move aimed at denying Islamic hard-liners a forum for disseminating extremist ideology. The measure will become law with the expected approval of the upper house of Parliament and the king.
    (AP, 9/13/06)(AP, 9/14/06)

2006        Sep 21, Jordan sentenced 7 people to death for triple hotel bombings that killed 60 people in Amman last November. Sajida al-Rishawi (35), an Iraqi woman, was sentenced to death. 6 others were sentenced to death in absentia.
    (AP, 9/21/06)

2006        Sep 27, Jordan's military court convicted five men of plotting attacks against US troops in Iraq, including a cousin of slain al-Qaida in Iraq leader Abu Musab al-Zarqawi.
    (AP, 9/27/06)

2006        Oct 30, In Amman, Jordan, a delegation of Iraq lawmakers met with a newly formed group of Iraqi political activists and agreed to hold a national reconciliation conference next month.
    (AP, 10/3o/06)

2006        Nov 11, In Haiti 2 UN peacekeepers from Jordan were shot to death in Port-au-Prince after coming under attack by gunmen. Jordan counted about 1,500 troops in the force of some 8,800 peacekeepers. Nine peacekeepers have been killed since the force arrived in June 2004.
    (AP, 11/11/06)

2006        Nov 28, Jordan's King Abdullah II called for renewed efforts to settle the Israeli-Palestinian conflict in a speech, but he warned that his country would not accept a deal that causes an influx of Palestinians.
    (AP, 11/28/06)

2006        Nov 29, Iraqi lawmakers and Cabinet ministers loyal to anti-American cleric Muqtada al-Sadr said they have carried out their threat to suspend participation in Parliament and the government to protest PM Nouri al-Maliki's summit with US Pres. George W. Bush in Jordan. 13 insurgents and 15 citizens were killed in Iraq, including two females who were caught up in a coalition raid north of the capital. A US army soldier died from wounds suffered in Anbar province.
    (AP, 11/29/06)

2006        Nov 30, President Bush in Jordan said the US will speed a turnover of security responsibility to Iraqi forces but assured PM Nouri al-Maliki that Washington is not looking for a "graceful exit" from a war well into its fourth violent year. Today's meetings were supposed to be Bush's second set of strategy sessions in Amman. But the first meeting between Bush and al-Maliki, a day earlier along with Jordan's king, was scrubbed. PM Nouri al-Maliki called on lawmakers and Cabinet ministers loyal to an anti-American cleric to end their boycott of the government in response to his summit with President Bush. An American soldier was killed during combat in Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/30/06)(AP, 12/1/06)

2006        Dec 7, A Jordanian military court convicted three Syrians and one Iraqi and sentenced them to death for firing rockets at two US warships in August 2005.
    (AP, 12/7/06)

2006        Dec 13, Jordanian and Iraqi interior ministers and their security officials met to coordinate plans and share intelligence on terrorist groups such as al-Qaida, which has staged devastating attacks in both states.
    (AP, 12/13/06)

2006        Dec 18, Jordanian authorities closed down an isolated desert prison where UN investigators and rights groups alleged inmates were routinely beaten and tortured.
    (AP, 12/18/06)

2006        Dec 19, Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert made a surprise visit to Jordan for talks with King Abdullah II on ways to revive Mideast peacemaking. A wanted Palestinian militant was killed and two others were arrested by Israeli forces in the West Bank city of Nablus. Gunbattles raged in the streets of Gaza City between the Hamas and Fatah movements, killing at least four people in factional fighting that shredded a shaky truce. At least 18 people were wounded, including five children caught in the crossfire.
    (AP, 12/19/06)

2006        Dec 26, Ayham al-Samaraie, a former minister of electricity with dual US and Iraqi citizenship, arrived in Jordan on a US plane. Al-Samaraie, who escaped from a Baghdad prison this month, was serving time for corruption when he escaped mid-December.
    (AP, 12/26/06)

2007        Jan 9, Jordanian police killed one suspected al-Qaida member and detained a second in a crackdown that foiled a terrorist plot against Jordan.
    (AP, 1/9/07)

2007        Jan 19, Jordan's King Abdullah II told an Israeli newspaper that his country wants its own nuclear program for peaceful purposes.
    (AP, 1/19/07)

2007        Jan 23, A Jordanian man fatally shot his 17-year-old daughter whom he suspected of having sex despite a medical exam that proved her chastity. The man surrendered to police hours after the killing, saying he had done it for family honor. On average, about 20 women in the country are killed by their relatives in such cases each year.
    (AP, 1/25/07)

2007        Feb 13, Jordan's King Abdullah II and Russian President Vladimir Putin called for a stronger international push for lasting Mideast peace and urged for a diplomatic solution to Iran's nuclear standoff.
    (AP, 2/13/07)

2007        Mar 5, John Holmes, the new UN humanitarian chief, said the UN plans to open an office in Jordan to deal with the increasingly serious humanitarian problems posed by 1.8 million Iraqis who have fled to neighboring countries and a similar number who have fled their homes and are still inside Iraq.
    (AP, 3/6/07)

2007        Mar 15, Jordan's military court sentenced to death four Iraqi al-Qaida militants charged with terror attacks on Jordanians in Iraq. Of the four, only one is in custody while the other three remain at large and were tried in absentia.
    (AP, 3/15/07)

2007        Apr 2, Jordan's military court convicted six alleged militants of planning suicide attacks against Jordan's main international airport and against hotels hosting Israeli and American tourists.
    (AP, 4/2/07)

2007        Apr 19, Israeli Knesset speaker Dalia Yitzik arrived in Jordan, the second Israeli official to visit the Arab kingdom this week for talks on ways to revive Israeli-Palestinian peacemaking.
    (AP, 4/19/07)

2007        May 18, Jordan's King Abdullah II made a new attempt to rally Mideast peace efforts as he hosted politicians and business leaders at the World Economic Forum. Politicians attending the forum warned of a bleak future for the Mideast if its explosive tensions are not resolved.
    (AP, 5/18/07)

2007        Jun 9, Jordanian police exchanged gunfire with a small group of armed men suspected of stealing electricity and water in a town near the Israeli border. One of the gunmen was killed and several were arrested.
    (AP, 6/9/07)

2007        Jun 26, In Jordan a 70-year-old woman who killed her daughter with an ax for giving birth to an illegitimate child and a man who shot a relative dead were each sentenced to prison in separate "honor crime" prosecutions.
    (AP, 6/26/07)

2007        Jun, The World Monuments Fund added the Jordan River Valley to its list of 100 most endangered sites. Israel, Jordan and Syria diverted over 90% of the Jordan River water annually for drinking and irrigation, reducing flow to the Dead Sea.
    (SSFC, 8/12/07, p.A15)

2007        Jul 5, Israeli troops crossed into the Gaza Strip and engaged Hamas militants in a fierce gunbattle that drew in Israeli aircraft, tanks and bulldozers. 11 militants were killed. A cameraman for Hamas TV, who lay wounded on the ground, came under more fire during a clash with Israeli troops. The shooting was captured on film and broadcast on al-Jazeera satellite television. Imad Ghanem had to have both legs amputated as a result of his injuries. Israel repatriated 4 Jordanian infiltrators who were serving life sentences in Israeli prisons for killing Israeli soldiers.
    (AP, 7/5/07)(AP, 7/6/07)(AP, 7/7/07)

2007        Jul 7, A global poll picked the Great Wall of China, Rome's Colosseum, India's Taj Mahal, Peru’s Macchu Picchu, Jordan’s Petra, Brazil's Statue of Christ Redeemer and Mexico's Chichen Itza pyramid as the new seven wonders of the world. The campaign to name the new wonders was launched in 1999 by the Swiss adventurer Bernard Weber.
    (AP, 7/8/07)

2007        Jul 11, Jordan's military court convicted and sentenced two militants to prison with hard labor for plotting to attack Americans living in the kingdom.
    (AP, 7/11/07)

2007        Jul 25, The foreign ministers of Egypt and Jordan, delegated by the 22-member Arab League, began a historic visit to Israel to formally present an Arab peace plan, saying they were extending "a hand of peace" on behalf of the region.
    (AP, 7/25/07)(Econ, 7/28/07, p.48)

2007        Jul 26, Jordan pleaded for international help to deal with hundreds of thousands of Iraqis who have fled here to avoid the violence at home, saying they cost the kingdom $1 billion a year in basic services.
    (AP, 7/26/07)

2007        Jul 31, Pro-government and independent candidates swept local elections in Jordan, including the first-ever vote for city mayors. The Islamist main opposition group withdrew from Jordan's first mayoral elections and accused the government of fraud.
    (AP, 7/31/07)(AP, 8/2/07)

2007        Aug 24, In Jordan former Iraqi President Abdel-Rahman Aref (91), overthrown more than 35 years ago in a coup that brought Saddam Hussein's Baath party to power, died in Amman.
    (AP, 8/24/07)

2007        Sep 3, President Nicolas Sarkozy said France and Jordan want to work "hand-in-hand" to help resolve crises in the Middle East, following talks with King Abdullah II.
    (AP, 9/3/07)

2007        Sep 16, In Jordan the US Embassy said the US has signed an accord with Jordan on the sidelines of a nuclear energy summit in Vienna, Austria, aimed at supporting the peaceful development of the kingdom's nascent nuclear program.
    (AP, 9/16/07)

2007        Nov 5, Jordan's military court convicted Muammar Ahmed Yousef al-Jaghbeer, an al-Qaida militant of involvement in the deadly suicide car bombing of the Jordanian Embassy in Iraq in 2003 and sentenced him to death.
    (AP, 11/5/07)

2007        Nov 20, Jordan held elections. Supporters of King Abdullah II, a close US ally, handily defeated the country's Islamist opposition in parliamentary elections, dropping their number of parliament seats by nearly two-thirds.
    (AP, 11/21/07)

2008        Jan 13, King Abdullah II of Jordan arrived on a three-day official visit to Morocco. Talks between King Abdullah II and Morocco's King Mohammed VI focused on revitalizing trade between Amman and Rabat.
    (AFP, 1/13/08)

2008        Jan 26, In northern Jordan a tour bus collided with a water tanker, killing at least 21 people with 33 Injured.
    (AP, 1/27/08)
2008        Jan 26, George Habash (81), former PLO leader, died in Jordan. His radical PLO faction gained notoriety after the simultaneous hijackings of four Western airliners in 1970 and the seizure of an Air France flight to Entebbe, Uganda.
    (AP, 1/26/08)

2008        Mar 28, Jordan, Iraq and Yemen announced at the last minute that their top leaders will not attend this weekend's Arab summit in Damascus.
    (AP, 3/28/08)

2008        May 17, Somali pirates hijacked a Jordanian-flagged ship, called the Victoria, in the latest in a string of attacks off the lawless coast of Somalia. Islamic insurgents in Somalia seized a major agricultural center overnight in Jilib. 2 militia fighters were killed. The UAE-owned ship was released on May 23.
    (AP, 5/17/08)(AP, 5/18/08)(AP, 5/23/08)

2008        May 30, Jordan and France signed an agreement to help the Arab kingdom develop its nuclear energy program.
    (AP, 5/30/08)

2008        Jul 17, In Amman, Jordan, a gunman shot and wounded six people near a Roman amphitheater. He shot himself in the head as he was chased by police, and was in critical condition. A police official identified the assailant as Thaer al-Weheidi (19), a resident of Baqaa camp, the largest of 11 Palestinian refugee settlements in Jordan. Al-Weheidi died on July 22.
    (AP, 7/17/08)(AP, 7/22/08)

2008        Aug 4, A Jordanian military court sentenced 12 men to up to five years in jail for planning to join Iraq's insurgency and carry out attacks against US and Iraqi forces. The five men who received the longest jail terms were at large and tried in absentia.
    (AP, 8/4/08)

2008        Oct 8, Human Rights Watch, a New York-based human rights group, accused Jordan's security services of carrying out widespread torture in the country's jails. The torture allegations came from 66 out of 110 prisoners interviewed randomly in seven of Jordan's main prisons in 2007 and 2008.
    (AP, 10/8/08)

2008        Oct 9, Two American journalists, Holli Chmela (27) and Taylor Luck (23), who went missing during a vacation in Lebanon eight days ago were released in Syria and returned to Jordan. The next day they said they had been "kidnapped" by their taxi driver and taken into Syria, where they were held in custody for a week before being released.
    (AP, 10/9/08)(AP, 10/10/08)

2008        Oct 21, Jordanian police arrested a local writer for incorporating verses of the Quran, the Muslim holy book, into his love poetry. Islam Samhan, published his collection of poems, "Grace like a Shadow," without the approval of the Jordanian government, and authorities said it insults the holy book.
    (AP, 10/21/08)

2008        Nov 16, Israeli leaders made a secret journey to neighboring Jordan, listening to pleas from King Abdullah II to avert a large-scale military operation in the Gaza Strip. An Israeli airstrike killed 4 Palestinian militants as they were firing mortars at Israel from the Gaza Strip, just hours after another group of militants struck Israel in a separate rocket attack.
    (AP, 11/16/08)(AP, 11/20/08)

2008        Marwan Muasher (52), former Jordanian ambassador to Israel (1995-1996). authored “The Arab Center: The Promise of Moderation."
    (Econ, 8/23/08, p.72)

2009        Apr 12, Jordanian authorities said a man has confessed to stabbing to death his pregnant sister (28) and mutilating her body to protect the family honor. The incident, the ninth such case this year and the second this month, took place in the village of Basira, in the conservative Bedouin heartland of southern Jordan.
    (AP, 4/12/09)

2009        Apr 24, Jordan's king recorded an interview urging President Barack Obama to take a more forceful role in the peace process between Israelis and Palestinians, warning of a new Mideast war if there is no significant progress in the next 18 months.
    (AP, 4/26/09)

2009        May 8, Pope Benedict XVI arrived in Jordan and expressed deep respect for Islam. He said he hopes the Catholic Church can play a role in Mideast peace as he began his first trip to the region, where he hopes to improve frayed ties with Muslims.
    (AP, 5/8/09)

2009        May 10, In Jordan Pope Benedict XVI urged Middle East Christians to persevere in their faith despite hardships threatening their ancient communities, addressing a crowd of 20,000 who filled a sports stadium where he celebrated the first open-air Mass of his pilgrimage.
    (AP, 5/10/09)

2009        May 14, Jordan's king pressed Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu to immediately commit to the establishment of a Palestinian state, as he pursues a sweeping resolution of the Muslim world's conflicts with Israel.
    (AP, 5/14/09)

2009        May 17, Jordan and Royal Dutch Shell PLC signed a concessionary agreement to explore for oil in the country's vast oil shale deposits.
    (AP, 5/17/09)

2009        May 21, Fathi al-Jahmi, Libyan dissident and human rights activist repeatedly imprisoned in Libya for defying the country's leader Moammar Gadhafi, died after being released earlier this month to Jordan. He never regained consciousness after having slipped into a coma following a stroke on May 4 in a Libyan jail. He was sentenced to death in 2006 for failing to recognize Gadhafi's authority, and remained behind bars until his release to Jordan.
    (AP, 5/22/09)

2009        May 26, A leading rights group urged Jordan to stop the detentions of thousands without trial each year and annul a 55-year-old law that allows people to be held without due process.
    (AP, 5/26/09)

2009        Oct 9, In Haiti 11 UN peacekeepers were killed when a CASA C-212 surveillance flight slammed into a mountain. The victims were Uruguayan and Jordanian troops serving with the 9,000-strong UN peacekeeping force that has been in Haiti since 2004.
    (AP, 10/10/09)

2009        Oct 25, Energy giant BP signed a deal with Jordan to explore for natural gas reserves in the Risheh field near the border with Iraq in an investment that could reach billions of dollars.
    (AFP, 10/25/09)

2009        Nov 14, A Jordanian citizen died after being beaten by police, the second time this week, casting a rare spotlight on the nation's US-trained security forces, that may also have worked as proxy jailers for the CIA. Fakhri Kreishan (47) died two days after slipping into a coma caused by a severe beating to the head due to a clash between police and residents in the southern city of Maan. Sadem al-Saud (20) died Nov 7, three weeks after he was put into a coma by a beating administered during an interrogation in an Amman police station.
    (AP, 11/15/09)

2009        Dec 30, In Afghanistan bombings killed 14 people, including 8 Americans and an Afghan in a suicide attack at a CIA base at the edge of Khost city, and 4 Canadian soldiers and a journalist by a roadside bomb in the southern Kandahar province. Humam Khalil Abu-Mulal al-Balawi (32), a physician from Jordan, was an Al-Qaida triple agent. 7 CIA employees and a Jordanian intelligence officer were among the victims. An airstrike by international forces in Helmand province killed 7 civilians, 2 Taliban and wounded another civilian. The attack took place after an international patrol came under fire from insurgents and called for air support. Suspected Taliban militants kidnapped 2 French journalists working for France's public television and 3 Afghan companions in Kapisa province.
    (AP, 12/31/09)(AFP, 12/31/09)(AP, 1/1/10)(AP, 1/5/10)

2009        Yahoo bought Maktoob, a Jordanian Internet portal, for $175 million.
    (Econ, 7/13/13, p.56)

2010        Jan 9, Humam Khalil Abu Mulal al-Balawi, the Jordanian doctor who killed 7 CIA employees in a suicide attack in Afghanistan, said in video clips broadcast posthumously today that all jihadists must attack US targets to avenge the death of Pakistani Taliban chief Baitullah Mehsud. Speaking in Arabic in the video shown on al-Jazeera, the Arabic network, and Aaj, a Pakistani channel, al-Balawi noted that the Pakistani Taliban had given shelter to "emigrants" — Muslim fighters from abroad.
    (AP, 1/9/10)

2010        Jan 14, In Jordan there was an attack on a convoy of Israeli diplomats heading home for the weekend. It was the first roadside bombing in Jordan and exposed a security gap for Israeli diplomats. On Jan 31 a Jordanian security official said authorities have arrested dozens of Muslim militants in connection with the failed bomb attack.
    (AP, 1/31/10)

2010        Jan 31, A Jordanian security official said more than 40 alleged Islamist extremists have been arrested in Jordan since a Jordanian blew himself up in Afghanistan in December, killing seven CIA agents.
    (AFP, 1/31/10)

2010        Apr 30, Jordanian doctor Humam Khalili Abu-Mulal al-Balawi, who killed seven CIA employees in a suicide attack in Afghanistan late last year, called on Muslims to wage jihad and become martyrs in a posthumous message posted on extremist websites.
    (AP, 4/30/10)

2010        May 3, A team of Israeli, Jordanian and Palestinian environmental scientists said large stretches of the biblical Jordan River could dry up by 2011. In 1847, a US Naval officer visiting the area reported on the "deafening roar of the tumultuous waters."
    (AP, 5/4/10)

2010        May 11, In Jordan John Zinn (33), president and chief executive officer of South Carolina-based Defense Venture Group, died. A top security official said an investigation showed that Zinn was "highly intoxicated." He was in Amman for a military exhibition. Security officials said he fell to his death from the second floor of a deserted building in Amman. Preliminary reports show no indication of foul play or attempted suicide.
    (AP, 5/13/10)

2010        Aug 2,  A string of rockets was fired toward the Israeli resort city Eilat, and one hit in neighboring Jordan, killing one person and wounding four. On Aug 3 Jordan said it has evidence that the rocket attack originated from neighboring Egypt's Sinai Peninsula.
    (AP, 8/2/10)(AP, 8/3/10)

2010        Nov 9, Jordanians lined up to cast ballots for a new parliament in a vote that was dominated by anger at Israel over stalled peace talks and widespread frustration over an economic crisis. Loyalists of King Abdullah II won a majority of seats in the next parliament. The Islamist opposition boycotted the elections in protest of electoral laws they said were unfair. Votes in the capital carried only a quarter of the weight as ones cast in the hinterlands.
    (AP, 11/9/10)(AP, 11/10/10)(Econ, 11/6/10, p.60)

2010        Nov 14, Sri Lanka officials said they are probing allegations that one of its nationals, a housemaid identified as D.M. Chandima employed in Jordan, was forced to swallow nails, in the third case involving alleged torture in three months.
    (AFP, 11/14/10)

2010        Nov 19, In Iraq 4 Jordanians of Palestinian origin from Zarqa were killed while fighting American troops. The men were all in their 20s and 30s and with the exception of one, had served jail terms in Jordan for plotting anti-American terror attacks.
    (AP, 12/22/10)

2010        Dec 7, Jordanian computer engineer Mohammed Rateb Qteishat (33) was killed by Iraqi forces in Mosul. He was an al-Qaida operative fighting American forces in Iraq. In 2006, he was sentenced to death in absentia in his native Jordan for plotting attacks on Americans in Jordan and attempting to blow up hotels in Amman.
    (AP, 12/22/10)

2010        Dec 9, Jordan appointed a woman, Ihsan Barakat (46), as chief district attorney of the country's capital, marking the first time a woman has held a top prosecutor's post in the pro-American Arab kingdom.
    (AP, 12/9/10)

2010        Dec 10, In Jordan fans of rival soccer teams clashed after a match, injuring 250 people in violence that pointed to the deep divisions between the nation's native Bedouin clans and its Palestinians.
    (AP, 12/11/10)

2010        Dec 15, Jordanian engineer Maath Mohammed Kamal Alia (45) was arrested in Yemen on suspicion of throwing a bomb at a US Embassy vehicle.
    (AP, 12/22/10)

2010        Jordan’s population numbered about 6 million. Half of the people were of Palestinian origin.
    (SFC, 2/2/10, p.A2)

2011        Jan 18, Jordan’s powerful Islamist opposition said Jordanians should be able to elect their prime minister and other government officials rather than having them appointed in a rare challenge to Jordan's political system.
    (AP, 1/18/11)

2011        Jan 21, Jordan's opposition vowed continual protests over price increases and inflation until the resignation of PM Samir Rifai and his government. Thousands of Jordanians calling for their government to step down marched in several cities in an outpouring of anger over economic hardship and a lack of democratic reforms in the constitutional monarchy.
    (AP, 1/21/11)

2011        Jan 28, In Jordan the Muslim Brotherhood called for fresh demonstrations to press its demand for political and economic reforms. Thousands of Jordanians demonstrated peacefully in Amman and other cities after weekly prayers to press for political and economic reform, and demanding that the government resign.
    (AP, 1/28/11)(AFP, 1/28/11)

2011        Jan 31, Jordan's King Abdullah II fired his government in the face of smaller street protests, named an ex-prime minister to form a new Cabinet and ordered him to launch political reforms. King Abdullah II named Marouf Bakhit (64), a career soldier and former prime minister, after sacking the government of Samir Rifai (43).
    (AP, 2/1/11)(AFP, 2/2/11)(Econ, 2/5/11, p.32)

2011        Feb 2, Jordan's new premier, Maruf Bakhit, began consultations on forming a government charged with passing reforms and meeting the demands of popular protests, despite objections from the Islamist opposition.
    (AFP, 2/3/11)

2011        Feb 3, Jordan's King Abdullah II widened his political outreach and met with the Muslim Brotherhood for the first time in nearly a decade.
    (SFC, 2/4/11, p.A2)

2011        Feb 5, Unknown saboteurs attacked an Egyptian pipeline supplying gas to Jordan, forcing authorities to switch off gas supply from a twin pipeline to Israel. Egypt supplies about 40 percent of Israel's natural gas. The attack came after Israel expressed concern that its natural gas supplies from Egypt could be threatened if a new regime takes power in Cairo.
    (AFP, 2/5/11)

2011        Feb 6, Jordan's Islamist opposition said it has rejected an offer to join a new government led by PM Marruf Bakhit and tasked with pushing through reforms.
    (AFP, 2/6/11)

2011        Feb 9, Jordan’s King Abdullah II swore in a new 27-member Cabinet following protests demanding jobs, reduced prices for food and fuel and changes to an election law giving government loyalists more seats in the national Assembly.
    (SFC, 2/10/11, p.A2)

2011        Feb 11, Hundreds of Jordanians took to the streets in rival protests, one calling for the ouster of their new prime minister and the other to support toppling Egypt's embattled leader.
    (AP, 2/11/11)

2011        Feb 15, Jordan's interior minister said protest marches will no longer need government permission, bowing to growing pressure to allow wider freedoms. Protesters would still have to inform authorities of any gathering two days in advance to "ensure public safety" and that they would have to observe public order.
    (AP, 2/15/11)

2011        Feb 18, In Jordan clashes broke out in Amman between government supporters and opponents at a protest calling for more freedom and lower food prices, injuring eight.
    (AP, 2/18/11)

2011        Mar 4, In Jordan political opponents amplified their calls for the new PM Marouf al-Bakhit to resign and demanded to be brought into a unity government to usher in swift reforms to open up the kingdom's politics. Al-Bakhit was accused of rigging past elections during a previous term as prime minister from 2005-2007.
    (AP, 3/4/11)

2011        Mar 11, Jordanians demanding democratic reforms protested in the capital for the 10th street week following Muslim prayers, defying an edict by the kingdom's religious leaders not to demonstrate.
    (AP, 3/11/11)

2011        Mar 12, Thousands of Jordanians took to the streets of the capital to voice allegiance to their king in the biggest protest there in weeks.
    (AP, 3/12/11)

2011        Mar 18, In Jordan hundreds of protesters calling for reforms demonstrated peacefully, rejecting the beginning of a national dialogue as insufficient.
    (AP, 3/18/11)

2011        Mar 24, Hundreds of Jordanians set up a protest camp in a main square in the capital to press demands for the ouster of the prime minister and wider public freedoms. About 35 people were hurt in one of the most violent incidents in three months of demonstrations.
    (AP, 3/24/11)

2011        Mar 25, In Jordan pro-government supporters attacked a gathering of protesters in central Amman demanding the dissolution of parliament and the firing of the country's prime minister, pelting them with stones and injuring six people.
    (AP, 3/25/11)

2011        Mar 26, Jordan's Islamist opposition, leftists and trade unions demanded the ouster of PM Maaruf Bakhit, who they blame for violence that has killed one person and injured 130. The resilient opposition protest movement demanded political reforms and new elections. Some 7 thousand supporters of King Abdullah II took to the streets of Amman to express their loyalty.
    (AFP, 3/26/11)(AP, 3/26/11)(SSFC, 3/27/11, p.A2)

2011        Apr 1, Jordanian police moved in to separate hundreds of government supporters and pro-reform activists who were holding rival rallies outside the municipal offices in Amman.
    (AP, 4/1/11)

2011        Apr 7, In Jordan Mohammed Abdul-Karim (45) set himself on fire outside the prime minister’s office and was in critical condition with 3rd degree burns to his face and body. On April 20 a  forensics official said Abdul-Karim has died of his wounds.
    (SFC, 4/8/11, p.A2)(AP, 4/20/11)

2011        Apr 11, Jordan released four jailed members of a radical Islamist group that had threatened to stage a mass demonstration over their detentions.
    (AP, 4/12/11)

2011        Apr 15, In Jordan hundreds of protesting Islamic Salafi hard-liners clashed with supporters of King Abdullah II, wounding dozens, in the latest move by the extremist movement to assert itself amid the country's wave of anti-government demonstrations. 70 Islamic hardliners were soon arrested for suspected armed attacks that left 83 policemen wounded. Ayman al-Balawi (38), the brother of an al-Qaida triple agent who blew himself up in a CIA outpost in Afghanistan in Dec, 2009, was detained in a sweep along with 102 other members of the ultraconservative Muslim Salafi sect.
    (AP, 4/15/11)(AP, 4/16/11)(AP, 4/19/11)

2011        May 10, The Gulf Co-operation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, Oman, Saudi Arabia, UAE) said it welcomed Jordan’s request to join the 6-member group. Jordan had first applied for membership in the mid-1980s. The GCC said it would encourage Morocco to also join.
    (Econ, 5/21/11, p.54)(http://abcnews.go.com/Business/wireStory?id=13586238)

2011        May 13, In Jordan heeding a call from Palestinian Facebook organizers, several hundred Jordanians took to the streets of the capital demanding a sovereign Palestinian state and that refugees be given the right to return home.
    (AP, 5/13/11)

2011        May 17, Pres. Obama met with Jordan’s King Abdullah II. They discussed the sweeping political and social changes in the Middle East.
    (SFC, 5/18/11, p.A4)

2011        Jun 3, In Jordan pro-reform activists took to the streets, stepping up their calls for PM Marouf al-Bakhit to resign because they say he has failed to fight corruption.
    (AP, 6/3/11)

2011        Jun 12, Jordan’s King Abdullah II, in response to demonstrations in favor of reform, agreed that he will soon allow the election of Cabinets, rather than maintaining the current policy of appointing the members. 
            (AP, 6/12/11)

2011        Jun 27, Jordanian MPs failed to impeach PM Maaruf Bakhit for his alleged role in a suspected graft case about a multi-million-dollar deal that his government singed with a British-based company to build a casino, between 2005 and 2007 when he first served as premier.
    (AFP, 7/1/11)

2011        Jun, A petition campaign against a Jordanian garment maker was begun by US labor activists after a Bangladeshi worker told police that her Sri Lankan manager, Anil Santha, had raped her three times since March. This prompted several US retailers to stop placing orders with the Classic Fashion factory.
    (AP, 9/9/11)

2011        Jul 1, In Jordan about 2,000 people demonstrated across the country to demand the dissolution of the "parliament of shame," over a suspected corruption case involving a gambling.
    (AFP, 7/1/11)

2011        Jul 2, Jordan’s King Abdullah II issued a decree approving the first reshuffle of the cabinet, which was formed in February, bringing in nine newcomers, and changing the portfolios of two ministers.
    (AFP, 7/2/11)

2011        Jul 8, Hundreds of pro-reform Jordanians demonstrated in Amman and other cities, demanding the resignation of the government nearly a week after Prime Minister Maaruf Bakhit reshuffled his cabinet.
    (AFP, 7/8/11)

2011        Jul 15, In Jordan government supporters attacked pro-reform protesters to stop them from gathering in a main square in the capital. At least 17 people, including journalists and policemen, were injured when police tried to stop clashes between pro-reform demonstrators and government supporters in central Amman.
    (AP, 7/15/11)(AFP, 7/16/11)

2011        Jul 16, In Jordan 4 policemen suspected of attacking journalists at a demonstration in the Amman were arrested.
    (AFP, 7/16/11)

2011        Jul 22, More than Jordanian 300 youths demonstrated in Amman to condemn government "oppression" and "terrorizing" of the media, a week after several journalists were beaten up as they covered a pro-reform sit-in.
    (AFP, 7/22/11)

2011        Jul 25, Israeli security forces intercepted on the Dead Sea carrying assault rifles and ammunition from Jordan.
    (AP, 7/25/11)

2011        Jul 28, In Jordan a military court convicted the Palestinian-born mentor of al-Qaida in Iraq's slain leader Abu Musab al-Zarqawi on terrorism charges and sentenced him to five years in prison. Isam Mohammed Taher al-Barqawi, better known as Sheik Abu-Mohammed al-Maqdisi, was found guilty of "plotting terrorism" and recruiting militants in Jordan to join the Taliban in Afghanistan. Three other Jordanian-Palestinians, including a fugitive who was tried in absentia, were found guilty of the same charges.
    (AP, 7/28/11)

2011        Jul 29, In Jordan some 3,000 Muslim Brotherhood activists in Amman took an oath to continue peaceful protests until their demands for political reform are met.
    (SFC, 7/30/11, p.A2)

2011        Aug 13, Jordan's Popular Democratic Unity party said at least 8 of its members were wounded in the southern city of Karak during a protest demanding government reforms.
    (AP, 8/12/11)

2011        Aug 14, In Jordan a reform committee presented constitutional changes to King Abdullah II, but activists said the changes do not go far enough. The 42 proposed changes included limiting the jurisdiction of military courts to only terrorism and espionage cases.
    (AP, 8/14/11)

2011        Sep 3, A Jordanian father shot and killed his 24-year-old widowed daughter in hospital after she gave birth to twins.
    (AFP, 9/4/11)

2011        Oct 1, In Jordan ex-MP Leith Shbeilat, an outspoken opposition figure and former member of parliament, was pelted with stones while making a speech criticizing the slow pace of reform in the kingdom.
    (AFP, 10/2/11)

2011        Oct 17, In Jordan PM Marouf al-Bakhit (64) resigned after a majority of 70 out of 120 parliamentarians called for his ouster. Jordan's King Abdullah II designated Awn al-Khasawneh (61), a well known international judge, as the new prime minister.
    (AP, 10/17/11)

2011        Oct 22, Jordan’s King Abdullah II urged the World Economic Forum meeting in Amman to create new strategies for the Arab region, insisting political change is needed for economic reforms.
    (AFP, 10/22/11)

2011        Oct 24, Jordan's King Abdullah II swore in a new 30-strong cabinet led by PM Awn Khasawneh, an international judge tasked with bringing in political reform.
    (AFP, 10/24/11)

2011        Oct 26, Jordan’s King Abdullah II said he will give lawmakers a say in appointing the Cabinet, beginning next year. The change will allow the 120-seat parliament to choose a prime minister, whom the king can either appoint or veto.
    (SFC, 10/27/11, p.A2)
2011        Oct 26, A Jordanian man (46) was sentenced to death for raping and impregnating his daughter then cutting her open to remove the fetus and letting her bleed to death. The man had been charged with the murder of the 19-year-old in May 2010 and confessed to having had sex with his daughter for five years.
    (AFP, 10/28/11)

2011        Nov 10, In Egypt 2 explosions a gas pipeline halting supplies to Israel and Jordan.
    (AP, 11/10/11)

2011        Nov 14, Jordan's King Abdullah II said Syria’s Pres. Assad should step down for the good of his country, the first Arab leader to publicly make such a call.
    (AP, 11/15/11)

2011        Nov 16, In Jordan Najm Zoubi (20) hung himself after he and two others were arrested for questioning in a case whose details remain unknown. Relatives, suspecting that policemen beat Zoubi to death, torched the state building and four cars in the northern town of Ramtha.
    (AP, 11/17/11)

2011        Nov 21, Jordan's King Abdullah II paid a rare visit to the West Bank to show support for Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas.
    (AP, 11/21/11)

2011        Nov 24, A Jordanian prosecutor said the country's military court has freed 22 suspected Islamists on bail as a goodwill gesture. It brings up the total number of freed Salafis to 37. They were part of 103 Salafis on trial on charges of terrorism and stabbing policemen with swords during an April protest.
    (AP, 11/24/11)

2011        Dec 11, Syrian troops battled army defectors in clashes that set several military vehicles ablaze. The fighting and other violence around the nation killed at least eight people. Opposition activists called for a general strike starting today in a bid to squeeze the government and push it to stop its bloody crackdown. About a dozen Syrians attacked their embassy in Jordan’s capital, Amman, injuring at least two diplomats and four other consulate employees. Another activist group, called the Local Coordination Committees, put today’s death toll at 18.
    (AP, 12/11/11)

2012        Jan 3, Israel's Yitzhak Molcho and Palestinian Saeb Erekat met in Jordan in the presence of envoys from the US, Russia, the EU and the UN. The Palestinian president threatened to take "new measures" against Israel if a much-anticipated meeting in Jordan fails to bring about a resumption of peace talks. There were no significant breakthroughs but both sides agreed to continue the dialogue.
    (AP, 1/3/12)(SFC, 1/4/12, p.A3)

2012        Jan 26, Jordanian activist Odai Abu-Issa (18) was found guilty of "harming the king's dignity" for burning a street poster of the monarch and has been sentenced to two years in prison. Abu-Issa torched King Abdullah II's poster in front of a government office in southwestern Jordan two weeks ago.
    (AP, 1/26/12)

2012        Jan 29, In Jordan Hamas chief Khaled Meshaal met with King Abdullah II on his first official visit since his 1999 expulsion, calling the trip a "new good start" towards better ties with the kingdom.
    (AFP, 1/29/12)

2012        Feb 9, A Jordanian prosecutor said he has ordered, Mohammed al-Dahabi, the former head of the General Intelligence Department, to be detained for 14 days pending a probe on charges of embezzlement of public funds, money laundering and abuse of office.
    (AP, 2/9/12)
2012        Feb 9, Jordanian public school teachers ignored government calls to halt their strike to press for full annual bonuses, leaving hundreds of thousands of students at home.
    (AFP, 2/9/12)

2012        Feb 26, A Jordanian government official said more than 80,000 Syrian refugees have fled the nearly 11 months of violence in their homeland and settled in neighboring Jordan.
    (AP, 2/26/12)

2012        Mar 23, Hundreds of Jordanians demonstrated against what they charged was "procrastination" on reform in the country, as opposition Islamists vowed to continue their protests.
    (AFP, 3/23/12)

2012        Mar 31, Amnesty International urged Jordan to free six political activists charged with insulting King Abdullah II, saying that at least three of them were beaten during interrogation. The men were arrested and charged by military prosecutors in mid-March after a demonstration in the southern city of Tafileh. Jordanian security forces arrested 12 activists for insulting the country's King Abdullah II in a rally in Amman.
    (AFP, 3/31/12)(AP, 3/31/12)

2012        Apr 15, Jordan's King Abdullah II ordered the release of 19 political activists charged with insulting him during pro-reform demonstrations last month.
    (AFP, 4/15/12)

2012        Apr 17, British authorities arrested radical Islamist cleric Abu Qatada (51), who is accused of ties to late Al-Qaeda chief Osama Bin Laden, as they resumed efforts to deport him to Jordan. The UK government has been trying to extradite the Jordanian since 2005 arguing that he is a threat to national security. He was convicted in Jordan in absentia of involvement in terror attacks in 1998, and faces a retrial on his return.
    (AFP, 4/17/12)

2012        Apr 24, Jordanian authorities detained journalist of Jamal Muhtaseb for publishing online statements alleging misconduct by royal officials. On May 13 Muhtaseb, chief editor of Gerasa News, was released on bail after publishing a report on a graft probe into a $7 billion housing project.
    (AP, 4/24/12)(AFP, 5/13/12)

2012        Apr 26, Jordan's PM Awn Khasawneh (62) submitted his resignation to King Abdullah II, barely six months after he formed a government to bring in much-needed reforms. Khasawneh cited interference from the palace.
    (AFP, 4/26/12)(Econ, 5/5/12, p.48)

2012        Apr, In Jordan girl (14) was shopping in the northern city of Zarqa when a man (19) kidnapped her, took her to the desert where he had a pitched a tent, and raped her for three consecutive days. Within days news emerged that the boy had agreed to marry the girl, while all charges against him were dropped. Article 308 allows rape charges to be dropped if the perpetrator agrees to marry the victim. He cannot divorce the woman for five years. Jordanians, particularly women activists, have held several street protests against the law.
    (AFP, 6/28/12)

2012        May 19, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development approved investment of 1.0 billion euros for expansion into north Africa and the Middle East under its first British president, Suma Chakrabarti, who a day earlier replaced Thomas Mirow from Germany. The EBRD is planning to invest specifically in Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia and Jordan.
    (AFP, 5/19/12)

2012        May 27, In Jordan Vivian Salameh (45) a Christian woman, said she is suing her Gulf Arab employer for arbitrary dismissal after she refused a new dress code forcing her to cover her head. She had worked at Jordan's Industrial Development Bank for 25 years when it was acquired in 2010 by the Jordan Dubai Islamic Bank, an offshoot of the Dubai Islamic Bank.
    (AP, 5/27/12)

2012        Jun 14, Jordanian schoolboy Omar Botush (17) pleaded "mistreatment" as prosecutors pressed murder charges over the killings of his father, mother, two brothers and an uncle.
    (AFP, 6/14/12)

2012        Jun 21, Syrian pilot Colonel Hassan Merei al-Hamade sought political asylum after landing his MiG fighter jet in neighboring Jordan, in the first such defection of the revolt. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said at least 77 people were killed today in violence across the country, among them 49 civilians, 26 soldiers, and two rebels.
    (AFP, 6/21/12)

2012        Jul 10, Jordan said it has set up a camp to accommodate a growing number of refugees fleeing violence in Syria.
    (AP, 7/10/12)

2012        Jul 12, In Jordan the Muslim Brotherhood's shura advisory council voted to boycott parliamentary elections because of "lack of political reform."
    (AFP, 7/13/12)

2012        Jul 15, Jordanian anti-riot police fired tear gas to break up a crowd of some 200 angry Libyans who attacked Tripoli's embassy with stones, over unpaid medical bills.
    (AFP, 7/15/12)

2012        Jul 22, A top US official said that Washington has given $100 million in aid to Jordan to help host tens of thousands of Syrians who have fled the unrest back home and taken refuge in the kingdom.
    (AFP, 7/22/12)

2012        Jul 25, The International Monetary Fund announced it had reached a preliminary deal with Jordan for a $2 billion loan to steady the country's battered economy. Jordan currently is hosting more than 140,000 Syrians, and is building more camps to house the refugees.
    (AFP, 7/25/12)

2012        Jul 26, Syrian troops prepared to launch an all-out offensive on rebel-held districts across Aleppo, as pro-regime media warned of a looming "mother of all battles." Jordanian authorities reported that the Syrian army shot dead a six-year-old Syrian boy while firing at his parents and a dozen other refugees as they tried to cross the border fence. Ikhlas Badawi, a female lawmaker from Aleppo, defected to Turkey.
    (AFP, 7/26/12)(AFP, 7/27/12)(AP, 7/29/12)

2012        Jul 28, Jordan opened its first tent camp for Syrians fleeing violence in their country, as government officials said a surge of refugees left them no other choice. After 3 years the Zaatari Refugee Camp held 81,000 people and was counted as the ninth-biggest city in Jordan.
    (AP, 7/29/12)(SFC, 8/3/15, p.A2)

2012        Aug 6, A Jordanian official and a rebel spokesman said Syria's PM Riad Hijab has defected and fled to neighboring Jordan.
    (AP, 8/6/12)

2012        Aug 19, Jordan's government spokesman sternly criticized Syria for artillery shelling on its northern border that wounded a Jordanian girl and panicked other civilians. Four shells landed in Jordan during clashes between the Syrian military and rebel forces on the Syrian side of the border.
    (AP, 8/20/12)

2012        Aug 23, Jordan's Paralympic committee said it has withdrawn three members from a pre-Games training camp in Northern Ireland over charges of sex offences.
    (AFP, 8/23/12)

2012        Aug 29, Jordanian PM Fayez Tarawneh said that Syrian refugees responsible for violence in a camp near the border will be deported. About 200 of 21,000 refugees went on a rampage the previous evening at Zaatari Camp to protest conditions there.
    (AP, 8/29/12)

2012        Sep 1, Jordan and the UN's refugee agency issued an urgent call to international donors for $700 million to handle the rapidly rising number of Syrian refugees seeking safe haven in the country.
    (AP, 9/1/12)

2012        Sep 4, A Jordanian teenager (17) stabbed to death Cheryll Harvey (55), a Texas missionary living in the kingdom, during an argument that broke out when she caught him stealing from her apartment.
    (AP, 9/7/12)

2012        Oct 5, Thousands of Jordanians rallied to call for a boycott of upcoming legislative elections, a challenge to King Abdullah II who has promoted a parliament-centered reform process to stave off an Arab Spring uprising in his country.
    (AP, 10/5/12)

2012        Oct 10, Jordan's King Abdullah II appointed Abdullah Ensour, a veteran independent politician, as his new caretaker prime minister ahead of parliamentary elections. The new parliament will choose the next prime minister.
    (AP, 10/10/12)
2012        Oct 10, US Defense Secretary Leon Panetta said the United States has sent 150 military troops to the Jordan-Syria border to bolster that country's military capabilities in the event that violence escalates along its border with Syria.
    (AP, 10/10/12)(SFC, 10/11/12, p.A2)

2012        Oct 11, Britain asked Jordan to pardon radical Islamist preacher Abu Qatada (51) because evidence used to convict him of terrorism there was obtained through torture. The Palestinian-born Jordanian cleric, whose real name is Omar Mahmoud Mohammed Othman, has been convicted in absentia in Jordan over bomb plots and faces retrial if extradited.
    (AP, 10/11/12)

2012        Oct 15, Jordan said it is planning to open a second camp for Syrian refugees, whose numbers are expected to climb to 250,000 by the year's end.
    (AP, 10/15/12)

2012        Oct 21, Jordanian officials said 11 men with suspected links to al-Qaida have been charged with terrorism conspiracy for allegedly planning attacks on shopping malls and Western diplomatic missions.
    (AP, 10/21/12)

2012        Oct 22, A Jordanian soldier was killed in clashes with armed militants trying to cross the border into Syria.
    (AP, 10/22/12)

2012        Oct 24, Jordan released 18 activists, after a pardon from the king, arrested during a protest last month when they allegedly chanted against the country's monarch. Two other men detained with the group remained in custody because they were not part of the youth activist movement.
    (AP, 10/25/12)

2012        Nov 11, A Jordanian criminal court sentenced the kingdom's ex-intelligence chief to 13 years and three months in prison for embezzlement of public funds, money laundering and abuse of office. The court also demanded in court that Mohammed al-Dahabi pay 21 million Jordanian dinars ($29.6 million) in fines to the state and return money he allegedly laundered and embezzled during his 2005-2008 tenure.
    (AP, 11/11/12)

2012        Nov 12, British judges ruled that Abu Qatada, a radical Islamist cleric described by prosecutors as a key al-Qaida operative in Europe, cannot be deported from Britain to Jordan to face terrorism charges. Britain's Special Immigration Appeals Commission said it was not convinced that Jordan would guarantee Abu Qatada a fair trial.
    (AP, 11/12/12)

2012        Nov 13, In Jordan tensions rose late in the day after the government announced it was raising prices for cooking and heating gas by 54% to reduce a massive budget deficit and secure a $2 billion loan from the International Monetary Fund.
    (AP, 11/14/12)

2012        Nov 14, Hundreds of Jordanians poured into the streets of several cities for a second day, burning tires and pelting riot police with stones to protest a government decision to lift fuel subsidies and raise prices. Jordanian teachers went on strike to protest price hikes. Gunmen attacked two police stations and one attacker was killed.
    (AP, 11/14/12)

2012        Nov 16, Thousands of Jordanians took to the streets across the country to call for the ouster of their US-backed monarch in the fourth day of unrest sparked by fuel price hikes that have threatened the stability of this Arab kingdom.
    (AP, 11/16/12)

2012        Nov 18, A Jordanian official said the country's military prosecutor has charged 89 activists with inciting violent revolt, after protests over price hikes swept through the US-allied kingdom last week.
    (AP, 11/18/12)

2012        Dec 10, Jordan's King Abdullah II ordered the release of 116 protesters jailed for their involvement in last month's violent rallies against hikes in fuel prices.
    (AP, 12/11/12)

2013        Jan 8, In Jordan Syrian refugees in a refugee camp attacked aid workers with sticks and stones, frustrated after cold, howling winds swept away their tents and torrential rains flooded muddy streets overnight.
    (AP, 1/8/13)

2013        Jan 9, The fiercest winter storm to hit the Mideast in years brought a rare foot of snow to Jordan, caused fatal accidents in Lebanon and the West Bank, and disrupted traffic on the Suez Canal in Egypt. At least eight people died across the region.
    (AP, 1/9/13)

2013        Jan 16, In Jordan a civil defense spokesman said a fire in a center for Syrian refugees has killed seven members of a family.
    (AP, 1/16/13)

2013        Jan 17, Jordan's PM Abdullah Ensour said Jordan will prevent a mass exodus of Syrian refugees from entering its territory if President Bashar Assad's regime collapses, and will instead create a safe haven inside Syria to protect them.
    (AP, 1/17/13)

2013        Jan 18, Some 1300 Jordanian Islamists, youth activists and other opposition groups rallied in the capital, Amman, calling for a boycott of next week's parliament elections.
    (AP, 1/18/13)

2013        Jan 23, Jordanians voted in a first electoral test for their king's political reforms. A boycott from his Islamist-led opponents cast doubt over whether the vote would quell two years of simmering dissent in the streets. Islamists and other government critics won 37 seats of 150 up for grabs in the newly empowered parliament.
    (AP, 1/23/13)(AP, 1/24/13)

2013        Jan 24, Jordan’s election commission said 1.3 million Jordanians, or 56.7 percent of nearly 2.3 million people who were registered to vote, had cast their ballots.
    (AP, 1/24/13)

2013        Jan 29, In Jordan a wave of 21,000 Syrian refugees arrived in the past week, moving into northern Jordan at about five times the usual daily rate. The crowded Zatari camp, already struggling with flooding, short supplies and tent fires, was overwhelmed.
    (AP, 1/29/13)

2013        Jan 30, At a conference in Kuwait Gulf nations answered UN calls to boost humanitarian aid for Syria with $900 million in pledges even as more refugees poured into neighboring Jordan and its leader warned resources were strained to the limit.
    (AP, 1/30/13)

2013        Feb 5, Syrian rebels and Jordanian security officials said intense fighting has broken out near Syrian government installations and border posts near Jordan, leaving 17 civilians wounded.
    (AP, 2/5/13)

2013        Feb 25, Jordan said it has no official word from Saudi Arabia about one of its citizens, youth activist Khaled Natour, apprehended by authorities there 50 days ago.
    (AP, 2/25/13)

2013        Feb 27, A Jordanian official said there is a new surge in Syrians fleeing across the border to Jordan as fighting intensifies in southern Syria.
    (AP, 2/27/13)

2013        Feb 28, Sulaiman Abu Ghaith, the son-in-law of Osama bin Laden, was captured by the FBI in Jordan as he was being deported to Kuwait from Turkey. On March 9 he pleaded not guilty in federal court in NY to conspiring to kill Americans.
    (SFC, 2/9/13, p.A5)

2013        Mar 9, Jordan's parliament voted for the monarchy's caretaker prime minister to form a new Cabinet, the first time in the country's history that the legislature rather than the king has decided who will be head of government. Abdullah Ensour, a former liberal lawmaker, was elected.
    (AP, 3/9/13)

2013        Mar 16, In Jordan a bus carrying Palestinian pilgrims overturned and crashed into a trailer on a highway near the Israeli border, killing 15 people. 32 pilgrims were injured.
    (AP, 3/16/13)

2013        Mar 20, Jordan’s King Abdullah II warned that a jihadist state could emerge on his northern border in Syria with Islamic extremists trying to establish a foothold in the neighboring country.
    (AP, 3/20/13)

2013        Apr 10, Jordan opened a second camp for Syrians fleeing the civil war at home. Officials feared that the number of Syrians could double in the next six months as the fighting escalates.
    (AP, 4/10/13)

2013        Apr 17, US Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel told Congress that the Pentagon is sending about 200 soldiers from an Army headquarters unit to Jordan to assist efforts to contain violence along the Syrian border and plan for any operations needed to ensure the safety of chemical weapons in Syria.
    (AP, 4/18/13)

2013        Apr 19, In Jordan about 100 Syrian refugees threw stones at Jordanian police for preventing some of them from sneaking out of their desert camp.
    (AP, 4/21/13)

2013        Apr 21, A Jordanian security official said police have arrested eight Syrians on suspicion of inciting riots at a refugee camp near the Jordan-Syria border.
    (AP, 4/21/13)

2013        May 10, In Iraq a bombing at a Sunni mosque near Baghdad killed three worshippers and wounded seven others. Iraq’s border with Jordan was reopened this morning for the first time since April 29.
    (AP, 5/10/13)

2013        May 16, In Jordan a British-made aerobatic T-67 Firefly trainer  crashed near the Syrian border, killing its two Jordanian pilots.
    (AP, 5/16/13)

2013        Jun 3, Jordan said it has blocked 304 unlicensed national news websites in a step toward regulating online media widely criticized by the government and readers for sensational reporting.
    (AP, 6/4/13)

2013        Jun 5, Jordanian officials said that the US will deploy anti-missile batteries and F-16 jet fighters in the kingdom to bolster its defense capabilities in the face of a Syrian attack.
    (AP, 6/5/13)

2013        Jun 17, Canada said it has pledged an additional $98.4 million to Jordan to help the Arab country cope with the costly fallout from the worsening crisis next door in Syria.
    (AP, 6/17/13)

2013        Jun 18, Jordan's King Abdullah II published a royal decree endorsing a treaty with Britain that sets the stage for the possible deportation of radical Muslim preacher Abu Qatada.
    (AP, 6/18/13)

2013        Jun 19, In Jordan infiltrators from Syria clashed with Jordanian soldiers near the border. One infiltrator was killed and two wounded.
    (AP, 6/20/13)

2013        Jun 22, Jordan’s PM Abdullah Ensour said some 900 US military personnel, including dozens staying on from joint military drills, are in Jordan to bolster its defense and prevent the Syrian civil war from spreading across its border.
    (AP, 6/22/13)

2013        Jul 7, Abu Qatada, a radical Muslim cleric once called "Osama bin Laden's right-hand man in Europe," was deported from Britain to Jordan. Qatada pleaded innocent to terrorism charges in Jordan.
    (AP, 7/7/13)

2013        Aug 21, Jordan's King Abdullah II swore in 13 new Cabinet ministers, enlarging the government as part of promised reforms.
    (AP, 8/21/13)

2013        Sep 25, Two Jordanian border patrol officers were shot and seriously wounded after they detected six men, affiliated with the banned Salafi Jihadi movement, attempted to illegally infiltrate into neighboring Syria. On Jan 13, 2014, all six men were sentenced to jail terms.
    (AP, 1/13/14)

2013        Nov 12, Jordan's largest daily, the government-owned Al-Rai, and its sister newspaper suspended publication after staff held a one-day strike in protest at state "interference."
    (AFP, 11/12/13)

2013        Dec 9, Representatives of Israel, Jordan and the Palestinians signed a "historic" agreement to link the Red Sea with the shrinking Dead Sea. The agreement was signed at the World Bank in Washington, water will be drawn from the Gulf of Aqaba at the northern end of the Red Sea.
    (AFP, 12/9/13)

2013        Dec 29, In Jordan the criminal court in Amman sentenced two Jordanian men, aged 20 and 23, to death for killing their sister in June "to cleanse the family’s honour."
    (AFP, 12/29/13)

2013        Dec 31, A Jordanian security official said British resident Mudar Zahran, a Jordanian-Palestinian critic of Jordan's monarchy, has been charged with incitement and insulting the king after calling for revolt on social media.
    (AFP, 12/31/13)

2014        Jan 1, Jordan took over the UN Security Council presidency, the first day of its two-year stint on a 15-nation body struggling to cope with conflicts in Syria, South Sudan.
    (Reuters, 1/1/14)

2014        Feb 15, Jordanian forces wounded 7 and arrested 3 after 10 gunmen from Syria opened fire on troops patrolling a northern border area.
    (AP, 2/16/14)

2014        Mar 10, Israeli soldiers shot and killed a Palestinian judge from Jordan in an altercation at a crossing point between Jordan and the Israeli-occupied West Bank. The Israeli military said Raed Alaa el-Deen Za'eiter (Raed Zeiter) had tried to seize a soldier's gun at the Allenby bridge.
    (Reuters, 3/10/14)

2014        Mar 11, Israel expressed its regret over the death of Jordanian judge Raed Zeiter (38) while he was making his way to the occupied West Bank. He was shot a day earlier by Israeli soldiers after an altercation at the Allenby Bridge crossing.
    (Reuters, 3/11/14)

2014        Mar 14, In Jordan protesters fought with riot police outside of the Israeli Embassy, as some 2,000 demonstrators called on the kingdom to end its peace treaty with the country over the killing of a Jordanian judge.
    (AP, 3/14/14)

2014        Apr 6, Jordanian officials said bloody riots have erupted at the largest camp for Syrian refugees, leaving at least one refugee dead by gunshot and 31 people wounded.
    (AP, 4/6/14)

2014        Apr 15, Jordan's ambassador to Libya was kidnapped in Tripoli by masked gunmen who attacked his car and shot his driver. Fawaz al-Itan was released on May 13. In exchange his government sent back to Tripoli Libyan Islamist militant Mohammed Dersi, who had been serving a life sentence for a bombing plot.
    (Reuters, 4/15/14)(Reuters, 5/13/14)

2014        Apr 16, Jordanian warplanes hit and destroyed several vehicles trying to cross the border from Syria. The targets appeared to have been Syrian rebels with machine guns mounted on civilian vehicles who were seeking refugee from fighting with government forces.
    (Reuters, 4/16/14)

2014        Apr 30, Jordan opened a new, sprawling tent city to accommodate tens of thousands more Syrian refugees who are expected to flee their country's fighting in the deadly war now in its fourth year.
    (AP, 4/30/14)

2014        May 11, In Jordan a man died after being infected with the MERS virus.
    (AFP, 5/12/14)

2014        May 24, Pope Francis called for urgent steps to end Syria's three-year-old civil war as he arrived in neighboring Jordan.
    (Reuters, 5/24/14)

2014        May 26, Jordan ordered Syria's ambassador to leave the country within 24 hours in a humiliating public announcement made on state-run media, accusing him of making "offensive" statements about the kingdom.
    (AP, 5/26/14)

2014        May 28, In Jordan a man (69) died after being infected with the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) coronavirus. This brought to 6 the number of fatalities in Jordan from MERS since it first emerged in 2012.
    (AFP, 6/1/14)

2014        Jun 12, Jordan said it has reached an agreement with Enefit, an Estonian firm, and its partners on a $2.1 billion contract to build a 540 MW shale-fueled power station.
    (Econ, 6/28/14, p.58)

2014        Jun 13, Jordanian border guards opened fire on four vehicles trying to enter illegally from Syria after they ignored orders to stop. State-run news agency did not say whether anyone was killed or wounded in the incident.
    (AP, 6/14/14)

2014        Jun 22, Iraqi military officials said Sunni militants have captured the Turabil crossing with Jordan and the al-Walid crossing with Syria. Militants also seized Rutba in Anbar province, the fourth town to fall in two days.
    (AP, 6/22/14)(Econ, 6/28/14, p.40)

2014        Jun 26, A Jordanian court acquitted radical Muslim cleric Abu Qatada, who was extradited from Britain last year, of charges of conspiring to commit acts of terrorism. Authorities continued to detain the preacher because of separate charges related to a plot to attack tourists during Jordan's New Year celebrations in 2000.
    (Reuters, 6/26/14)

2014        Jun, Jordan freed Isam Mohammed Taher al-Barqawi (aka Sheik Abu-Mohammed al-Maqdisi) a leading ideologue of holy war, after he had served some 16 years in prison. On Oct 27 Maqdisi was again jailed.
    (Econ, 11/1/14, p.46) 

2014        Jul 11, In Jordan Maher Rahhal, head of the Liwa al-Mujahideen Brigade, one of the groups fighting the forces of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, "was shot twice and killed in Abu Nseir district" in Amman.
    (AFP, 7/13/14)

2014        Jul 25, Jordan’s air force shot down a drone near the Syrian border, but it was not clear where it came from.
    (SFC, 7/26/14, p.A6)

2014        Aug 8, In Jordan tens of thousands celebrated the "Gaza victory" in the war against Israel, at a rally organized by the Islamist opposition as hostilities between Israel and Palestinian militants resumed.
    (AFP, 8/9/14)

2014        Aug 13, Jordan's King Abdullah II ordered the activation of a Defense Ministry to support the military, which is under increasing pressure from the wars in neighboring Syria and Iraq as well as a massive influx of Syrian refugees.
    (AP, 8/13/14)

2014        Sep 3, US giant Noble Energy said Israel is to supply Jordan with natural gas from its vast Leviathan offshore gas field over a period of 15 years in a deal valued at $15 billion.
    (AFP, 9/3/14)

2014        Sep 23, The United States and its Arab allies bombed Syria for the first time. Bahrain, Jordan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates participated in or supported the strikes against Islamic State targets. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said at least 70 Islamic State fighters were killed in strikes that hit at least 50 targets in Raqqa and Deir al-Zor and Hasakah provinces. It also said at least 50 fighters and 8 civilians were killed in strikes targeting al Qaeda's Syrian affiliate, the Nusra Front, in northern Aleppo and Idlib provinces.
    (Reuters, 9/23/14)

2014        Sep 24, A Jordanian court acquitted radical Muslim preacher Omar Mahmoud Othman (aka Abu Qatada), known for his fiery pro-al-Qaida speeches, of involvement in a plot to target Israeli and American tourists and Western diplomats in Jordan more than a decade ago.
    (AP, 9/24/14)(SFC, 9/25/14, p.A4)

2014        Sep 27, Air strikes hit Islamic State and other Islamist groups in eastern Syria. US strikes hit the besieged area around Kobani and forces from Saudi Arabia, Jordan and the UAE contributed to strikes around the country. 
    (Reuters, 9/27/14)(SSFC, 9/28/14, p.A8)

2014        Nov 7, In Jordan several thousand protesters took to the streets, calling on the government to scrap its peace deal with Israel following escalating violence at the al-Aqsa mosque in Jerusalem.
    (Reuters, 11/7/14)

2014        Dec 17, The UN Security Council renewed for 12 months its authorization for humanitarian access without Syrian government consent into rebel-held areas of Syria at four border crossings from Turkey, Iraq and Jordan.
    (Reuters, 12/17/14)

2014        Dec 24, In nofthern Syria the Islamic State group captured Jordanian pilot Maaz al-Kassasbeh (26) after his warplane from the US-led coalition was reportedly shot down while on a mission against the jihadists. The US and Jordan’s military dismissed the jihadists' claim to have hit the jet with an anti-aircraft missile.
    (AP, 12/24/14)(AFP, 12/26/14)

2015        Jan 17, Japanese PM Shinzo Abe pledged $2.5 billion in humanitarian and development aid for the Middle East as he launched a regional tour that includes visits to Jordan and Israel.
    (AFP, 1/17/15)

2015        Jan 28, Jordan offered to hand over Sajida al-Rishawi, an Iraqi woman on death row for her role in a 2005 suicide bomb attack, if Lieutenant Muath al-Kasaesbeh captured by Islamic State was released.
    (Reuters, 1/28/15)

2015        Jan 29, Jordan demanded proof from Islamic State militants that a Jordanian pilot they are holding is still alive, despite purported threats by the group to kill the airman at sunset unless an al-Qaida prisoner is freed from death row in Jordan.
    (AP, 1/29/15)

2015        Feb 3, Supporters of the Islamic State insurgent group circulated photos on social media purporting to show captive Jordanian pilot Muath al-Kasaesbeh being burnt alive.
    (Reuters, 2/3/15)

2015        Feb 4, Jordan executed a pair of Iraqi prisoners after a declaration of "punishment and revenge" against the jihadist group. Sajida al-Rishawi and Ziyad Karboli had been sentenced to death in Jordan years ago, the former for an attempted suicide bombing as part of a deadly attack on Amman hotels in 2005, the latter for killing a Jordanian national and working closely with former Al Qaeda in Iraq leader Abu Musab al-Zarqawi.
    (Reuters, 2/4/15)

2015        Feb 5, Jordanian fighter jets pounded Islamic State hideouts in Syria and then roared over the hometown of a pilot killed by the militants while King Abdullah consoled the victim's family below.
    (Reuters, 2/5/15)

2015        Feb 6, Thousands of Jordanians packed the streets of the capital Amman, urging their monarch to step up air strikes on Islamic State to avenge its killing of pilot Mouath al-Kasaesbeh.
    (Reuters, 2/6/15)

2015        Feb 7, Jordan carried out a third straight day of air strikes on Islamic State targets.
    (Reuters, 2/7/15)
2015        Feb 7, The United Arab Emirates said it has ordered a squadron of F-16 fighters to Jordan, which would participate in airstrikes on the Islamic State group after the UAE earlier suspended its involvement.
    (AP, 2/7/15)

2015        Feb 8, Jordan said it has launched 56 airstrikes against Islamic State group weapons depots, training centers and military barracks since militants released a video of them burning a Jordanian pilot to death.
    (AP, 2/8/15)

2015        Feb 10, The European Union said it is providing 100 million euros ($113 million) in loans to Jordan to help it deal with the fallout from crises like the conflicts in neighboring Syria and Iraq.
    (AP, 2/10/15)
2015        Feb 10, The United Arab Emirates launched airstrikes against the Islamic State group from an air base in Jordan.
    (AP, 2/10/15)

2015        Feb 15, A Jordanian court sentenced Zaki Bani Rsheid (57), a senior leader of the Muslim Brotherhood, to 18 months in prison for criticizing a decision by the United Arab Emirates to blacklist his organization.
    (AFP, 2/15/15)
2015        Feb 15, Bahrain said it will send troops to support regional ally Jordan.
    (AP, 2/15/15)

2015        Feb 16, Bahrain said it has deployed fighter planes to help support Jordan, a day after it announced plans to send troops to the kingdom.
    (AP, 2/16/15)

2015        Mar 24, Jordan signed a $10 billion deal with Russia to build the kingdom's first nuclear power plant, with two 1,000-megawatt reactors in the country's north.
    (AP, 3/24/15)

2015        Apr 1, Jordan closed its main border crossing with Syria amid fierce clashes between rebels and pro-regime forces for control of the Jaber post.
    (AFP, 4/1/15)

2015        Apr 6, In Jordan a training propeller airplane crashed during a routine flight, killing two pilots onboard.
    (AP, 4/6/15)

2015        Apr 13, Jordan’s King Abdullah II pledged Jordan's support for efforts by Libya to confront "terrorist organizations", in talks with Libyan army chief Khalifa Haftar.
    (AFP, 4/13/15)

2015        Apr 19, Jordan launched a competition among elite anti-terrorism squads from 18 countries, including fellow members of military coalitions fighting rebels in Yemen and Islamic State extremists in Iraq and Syria.
    (AP, 4/19/15)

2015        May 5, In Jordan thousands of soldiers from 18 countries took part in military drills jointly overseen by the US army.
    (AFP, 5/5/15)

2015        Jun 5, Former Iraqi foreign minister Tareq Aziz (79) died. Aziz had been on death row since October 2010 after being convicted of murder and crimes against humanity. Jordanian authorities soon accepted a request from his family to bring his remains to be buried in Jordan.
    (AFP, 6/6/15)

2015        Jul 28, Twelve Jordanians were sentenced to jail terms of up to 15 years for their involvement in a cell recruiting members for the Palestinian Islamist movement Hamas. Four of the twelve were sentenced in absentia.
    (AFP, 7/28/15)

2015        Jul 29, Jordan handed down jail sentences against seven of its citizens and a Syrian for planning attacks on US soldiers in the country and on the Israeli embassy. The Jordanians were all arrested in May 2014. The Syrian, who was tried in absentia, was sentenced to 15 years.
    (AFP, 7/29/15)

2015        Sep 6, More than 250 people injured in Yemen's conflict were flown in to Jordan for hospital treatment.
    (AFP, 9/6/15)

2015        In Jordan incoming Syrian refugees now made up a fifth of the population.
    (Econ, 7/4/15, p.40)  

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