Timeline Kashmir

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48Mil BC    Indohyus, a creature about the size of a raccoon, lived about this time and spent much of its time in the water. Fossils of Indohyus were later unearthed in Kashmir and revealed evolutionary similarities to what later developed into the earliest whales and dolphins.
    (SFC, 12/20/07, p.A23)

c1890        A maharajah decreed that that no non-Kashmiri could buy land. The British went on to establish villages on water.
    (SFC, 4/29/00, p.D4)

1947        Aug 15, India gained independence after some 200 years of British rule. Prior to independence, 565 princes ruled a third of India. After independence the government let the royals retain their titles and assets in return for incorporating their principalities into the new nation. Independence in Pakistan and India led to bloody conflicts and thousands died.
    (WSJ, 1/9/95, A-8)(TMC, 1994, p.1947)(WSJ, 12/21/95, p.A-12)(WSJ, 5/16/96, p.A-10)(SFEC, 8/3/97, p.A15)(AP, 8/15/97)

1947        Oct 27, The Hindu maharajah of Muslim-majority Kashmir joined India. The accession, not recognized by Pakistan, led to a war.
    (SSFC, 12/30/01, p.A22)(SFC, 6/8/02, p.A20)

1947        Nov 2, Jawaharlal Nehru said: "We have declared that the fate of Kashmir is ultimately to be decided by the people. That pledge we have given, and the Maharaja has supported it not only to the people of Kashmir but the world. We will not, and cannot back out of it. We are prepared when peace and law and order have been established to have a referendum held under international auspices like the United Nations. We want it to be a fair and just reference to the people, and we shall accept their verdict. I can imagine no fairer and juster offer."
    (http://tinyurl.com/8sovl)

1947        A Pushtun force of Wazirs and Mehsuds poured into Kashmir for the newly formed Islamic republic of Pakistan, sparking the first Indo-Pakistan war.
    (Econ, 1/2/10, p.17)(Econ, 5/21/11, p.48)

1948        May, India and Pakistan went to war over the Himalayan region of Kashmir, which was divided between the two nations at partition. The Pakistani third was known as Jammu and Kashmir, while India controlled the eastern two-thirds where 8 million people lived. The region was mostly Muslim.
    (SFEC, 8/3/97, p.A15)(WSJ, 5/22/98, p.A15)(WSJ, 10/12/01, p.A1)

1949        Jan 1, The UN brokered a cease-fire in Kashmir. It granted Kashmir the right to vote on whether to remain in India or to join Pakistan. No vote took place.
    (SSFC, 12/30/01, p.A22)(SFC, 6/8/02, p.A20)

1954        Ardito Desio (d.2001 at 104) of Italy organized the 1st expedition to reach the top of K2, the world’s 2nd highest peak.
    (SFC, 12/14/01, p.A33)

1962        Oct 20, A Chinese army landed in India for a brief border war in the Himalayas. The northeast Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh, twice the size of Switzerland, was occupied in a week-long assault by China and closed to foreign tourists, due to the border war. Some 3,000 Indian officers and men were killed. China gained control from India of the northeast region of Kashmir known as Aksai Chin. Arunachal Pradesh re-opened in 1993.
    (WSJ, 5/16/96, p.A-10)(SFC, 11/29/96, p.A1)(http://countrystudies.us/nepal/19.htm)(SSFC, 12/30/01, p.A22)(SSFC, 1/4/04, p.C10)(Econ, 7/5/08, p.95)(Econ, 8/21/10, p.17)

1965        Aug 6, Indian troops invaded Pakistan. Indo-Pakistani fighting spread to Kashmir and to the Punjab, The 2nd Indo-Pakistani conflict started without a formal declaration of war. Skirmishes with Indian forces started as early as August 6 or 7.
    (http://ph.infoplease.com/ce6/history/A0858805.html)(MC, 8/6/02)

1965        Sep 6, India and Pakistan began a second war over Kashmir. Pakistan paratroopers raided Punjab. It ended in a cease-fire that left India with control of two-thirds of Kashmir.
    (WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A12)(SFEC, 8/3/97, p.A15)(HN, 9/6/98)(SFC, 6/8/02, p.A20)

1971        Dec 17, A cease fire began between India and Pakistan in Kashmir.
    (MC, 12/17/01)

1972        Jul 2, India and Pakistan signed the Simla Agreement that provided for a bilateral settlement of disputes and a "Line of Control" in Kashmir. Article 6 of the accord clearly states: "Both governments agree... to discuss further the modalities and arrangements for the establishment of durable peace and normalization of relations," including "a final settlement of the Jammu and Kashmir."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shimla_Agreement)(SSFC, 12/30/01, p.A22)

1981        Asiya Andrabi founded Dukhtaran-e-Millat (Daughters of the Faith) in Indian administered Kashmir. The group supported terrorism and was banned by the Indian government from 1990-2004. In 2007 it was running 75 part-time madrassas in Kashmir.
    (Econ, 4/14/07, p.46)

1984        Feb 3, Ravindra Mhatre, India's deputy high commissioner in Britain, was kidnapped in Birmingham, England. His body was found on Feb 5. A group calling itself the Kashmir Liberation Army claimed responsibility and demanded a ransom of 1 million pounds ($1.84 million) and the release of political prisoners in India.
    (AP, 11/4/04)(http://tinyurl.com/az5uudh)

1984        Feb 11, Mohammad Maqbool Butt, founder of the pro-independence Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front (JKLF), was hanged in New Delhi's Tihar jail for the murder of intelligence officer Ravindra Hareshwa Mhatre. In 2004 Mohammed Aslam (49) was charged with the kidnap, false imprisonment and murder of Mhatre.
    (AP, 11/4/04)(AFP, 2/11/07)(AP, 2/11/13)

1988        The Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front (JKLF) set off 2 bomb blasts in Srinagar. Pakistan allowed JKLF fighters to be trained in Azad Kashmir (the Pakistan controlled section of Kashmir).
    (WSJ, 1/21/02, p.A10)

1988        Pakistan's main spy agency (ISI) gave military training to Kashmiri rebels (JKLF) battling security forces in Indian-administered Kashmir. ISI training ended in 1989. The information was only made public in 2005 by JKLF leader Amanullah Khan in the 1st volume of his Urdu-language biography "Jehed-e-Musalsal" (Continuous Struggle).
    (Reuters, 6/17/05)

1989        Nov, Rebellion erupted in India-held Kashmir and small arms sniping between Indian soldiers and rebels became routine. Many of the Islamic separatists trained in Pakistan. By 2007 over 68,000 people dead due to the insurgency.
    (SFC, 6/12/99, p.A12)(SFC, 6/8/02, p.A20)(SSFC, 12/2/07, p.A17)

1989        Javed Hussain Shah completed 6 months of training in Afghanistan and led a Kashmiri insurgent group later dubbed the Jihad Force. He fought along with al-Qaida members and later became a Kashmiri legislator.
    (SSFC, 6/23/02, p.A13)

1989-2002    Some 6,000 people disappeared in Indian-Kashmir over this period. Violence over this time claimed some 60,000 lives.
    (SFC, 9/27/02, p.A16)

1990        Jan, India opened fire in Kashmir. Over 30,000 people were killed over the next 12 years.
    (SSFC, 12/30/01, p.A22)

1990        Jul, India’s 1958 Armed Forces Special Powers Act, was extended to Kashmir. It allowed soldiers to search houses without warrants and shoot anyone suspected of being a terrorist.
    (http://tinyurl.com/27uour9)(Econ, 9/18/10, p.58)

1990-2001    Over 1,000 Jammu-Kashmir civilians were killed by land mines over this period along with nearly 9,000 injuries.
    (SSFC, 1/13/02, p.A18)

1993        Javed Hussain Shah led the Kashmiri insurgent Jihad Force and fought along with al Qaeda members. Shah later became a Kashmiri legislator.
    (SSFC, 6/23/02, p.A12)

1995        Jul, Four hostages: Donald Hutchings, Keith Mangan, Paul Wells and Dirk Hasert were seized by Kashmir guerillas, who call themselves Al Faran. In May ‘96 a Muslim insurgent, who claimed to have been involved, said the men were killed and buried in the mountains in Dec. The captured rebel Nasir Mehmood said in a police report that the hostages were killed Dec 13, 1995 by guerrillas of Harkat-ul-Ansar, a group based in Pakistan. The Al Faran name was coined to confuse Indian authorities. The Harkatul Mujahedeen kidnapped the tourists.
    (SFC, 5/27/96, p.A6)(SFC, 12/23/96, p.A12)(SFC, 4/8/98, p.A12)(WSJ, 10/12/01, p.A6)

1995        Aug 13, Hans-Christian Ostro, a 27-year-old Norwegian who had come to India to study dance was found dead in the Pahalgam district with his severed head balanced between his thighs, close to the sight of a previous kidnapping by Kashmir guerillas.
    (SFC, 5/27/96, p.A6)

1996        Mar, Jaleel Andrabi, a Kashmiri human rights lawyer, disappeared in Srinagar at the height of an anti-India uprising. His body was recovered 19 days later in a local river. He had been shot in the head and his eyes gouged out. Avtar Singh, a major in the Indian army, fled the country after he was accused of killing Andrabi. India called for Singh’s extradition after his location was discovered following his Feb 21, 2011, arrest in California in a domestic violence case.
    (AP, 3/1/11)

1996        Osama bin Laden established training camps for Kashmir fighters in Khost, Afghanistan.
    (WSJ, 10/12/01, p.A6)

1997        Jul 7, Abdul Rashid Wani (30) disappeared in Srinagar, Kashmir, while running an errand on the day of his niece’s wedding.
    (SSFC, 12/2/07, p.A17)

1998        Jan, Masked gunmen killed 23 people in a village near Srinagar, the summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir.
    (SFC, 6/20/98, p.D1)

1998        Apr, Suspected separatist guerrillas shot and killed 29 Hindus in the Jammu and Kashmir region.
    (SFC, 6/20/98, p.D1)

1998        Jun 19, Suspected separatist guerrillas shot and killed 25 male members of 2 Hindu wedding parties in Jammu and Kashmir state.
    (SFC, 6/20/98, p.D1)

1998        Aug 10, Fighting in Kashmir resumed and 19 people were reported killed in battles between Indian security forces and Pakistan-backed separatist rebels.
    (WSJ, 8/11/98, p.A1)

1998        Sep 19, In Pakistani controlled Kashmir Indian artillery fire killed 9 people and wounded 11 others over the last 2 days.
    (SFEC, 9/20/98, p.A17)

1999        Jan 19, Indian and Pakistani troops clashed in Kashmir and 4 Pakistani soldiers were killed.
    (WSJ, 1/20/99, p.A1)

1999        Feb, The Pakistan Army began to re-occupy the posts it had abandoned on its side of the Line of Control in the Kargil region, but also sent forces to occupy some posts on the Indian side of the LOC. Pakistani army chief Gen. Musharaff sent troops there without informing PM Nawaz Sharif.
    (Econ, 6/19/10, p.46)

1999        May 27, India lost 2 fighter jets, a MiG-21 and a MiG-27, to Pakistani fire on the Pakistani side of Kashmir. Pakistan promised to return one dead pilot and to hold the other as hostage.
    (SFC, 5/28/99, p.A12)

1999        May 28, In the Kashmir border conflict Muslim guerrillas shot down an Indian helicopter and 4 Indian soldiers were killed. Pakistan offered to hold peace talks with India.
    (SFC, 5/29/99, p.A10)(SFC, 5/31/99, p.A10)

1999        May 30, In Kashmir Indian fighter jets pounded militants in the Kargil sector for the 5th day.
    (SFC, 5/31/99, p.A10)

1999        Jun 2, In Kashmir Islamic guerrillas rejected India's offer of safe passage out of the battle zone.
    (SFC, 6/3/99, p.C4)

1999        Jun 12, India and Pakistan met for talks on Kashmir with little success as each blamed the other for the insurgency.
    (SFEC, 6/13/99, p.A13)

1999        Jun 16, Pakistan admitted deep involvement on the Kashmir border war with India.
    (SFC, 6/17/99, p.C3)

1999        Jun 29, In Kashmir Indian fighters raided 13 guerrilla positions at Point 4700 and at least 40 people were killed, 25 of them Indians.
    (SFC, 6/30/99, p.A9)

1999        Jul 2, The Pakistani army reported that 58 Kashmiri civilians had been killed and 158 wounded over the last 2 month by Indian shelling.
    (SFC, 7/3/99, p.A9)

1999        Jul 4, Pakistani PM Nawaz Sharif met with Pres. Clinton and announced that it would abandon its seized positions in Kashmir. Meanwhile India claimed a victory at Tiger Hill.
    (SFC, 7/5/99, p.A8)

1999        Jul 6, In Kashmir fighting continued despite a US-Pakistan pact to push for peace. India reported 55 mercenaries killed along with 9 Indian soldiers.
    (SFC, 7/7/99, p.A10)

1999        Jul 10, In India the prime minister said most of the Pakistani soldiers had been cleared out of the Indian side of Kashmir.
    (SFEC, 7/11/99, p.A26)

1999        Jul 11, In India and Pakistan top commanders agreed to the withdrawal of Islamic militants from Kashmir along with a complete cease fire.
    (SFC, 7/12/99, p.A1)

1999        Jul 13, Islamic militants of the United Jihad Council said they would change positions but not pull out of the disputed region.
    (WSJ, 7/14/99, p.A1)

1999        Jul 20, 20 Hindus were killed in 3 separate incidents by Muslim insurgents.
    (SFC, 7/21/99, p.C2)

1999        Jul 27, A bomb in Pakistan-ruled Kashmir killed 7 people and injured 40 when it exploded on a bus in the Kotli district.
    (WSJ, 7/28/99, p.A1)

1999        Aug 4, In Kashmir 4 days of fighting left at least 50 people dead including 32 militants and 7 Indian soldiers.
    (SFC, 8/6/99, p.A16)

1999        Aug 6, Violence in Kashmir left 32 dead.
    (SFC, 8/7/99, p.A12)

1999        Aug 14, Separatist rebels in India killed at least 7 people in Kashmir and Assam attacks on Pakistan Independence Day.
    (WSJ, 8/16/99, p.A1)

1999        Sep 1, In Kashmir Pakistani soldiers attacked Indian posts over the last 2 days and left 22 soldiers dead.
    (SFC, 9/2/99, p.A16)

1999        Oct 25, In Kashmir Indian troops killed 4 Pakistani soldiers with artillery and small arms in the mountainous Uri sector.
    (SFC, 10/27/99, p.C2)

1999        Oct 28, In Kashmir separatist militants fired 6 rocket-propelled grenades at the main government building in the capital and 3 people were killed and 28 injured.
    (SFC, 10/29/99, p.D3)

1999        Nov 3, Kashmiri guerrillas killed an army major and 5 others at Indian army headquarters in Srinagar.
    (SFC, 11/4/99, p.A18)

1999        Dec 14, In Jammu-Kashmir, India, at least 6 people were killed in clashes between secessionist guerrillas and security forces.
    (SFC, 12/15/99, p.B3)

1999        The Taliban of Afghanistan sent 200 guerrillas of the 055 al Qaeda Brigade to fight in Kashmir.
    (SSFC, 6/23/02, p.A12)

2000        Jan 3, In India controlled Kashmir a land mine killed 17 people.
    (WSJ, 1/4/00, p.A1)

2000        Jan 4, In Srinagar, Kashmir, 13 people and a horse were blown up in an explosion set by insurgents in a vegetable market used by Indian troops.
    (SFC, 1/22/00, p.A10)

2000        Feb 10, In Jammu-Kashmir a train explosion killed at least 5 people. In northern Kashmir gunmen burst into 2 homes in Pattan village and killed 6 people with 3 wounded.
    (SFC, 2/11/00, p.D2)

2000        Feb 18, In Kashmir a land mine killed 10 police officers in Tral. Another 6 were seriously wounded. Militants for independence or union with Pakistan claimed responsibility.
    (SFC, 2/19/00, p.C1)

2000        Feb 25, Pakistan accused India that soldier had crossed the border of Pakistan-controlled Kashmir and killed 14 civilians.
    (SFC, 2/28/00, p.C2)

2000        Feb 27, India claimed that Pakistani soldiers had crossed the cease-fire line of Jammu-Kashmir and killed one Indian officer and 6 other soldiers.
    (SFC, 2/28/00, p.C2)

2000        Mar 20, In Kashmir gunmen massacred 35 Sikhs in Chati Sionghpura Mattan.
    (SFC, 3/21/00, p.A12)

2000        Mar, The Jaish-e-Mohammad group formed in Pakistan as a merger of militant Islamic groups dedicated mostly to freeing Muslims from Indian rule in Kashmir.
    (SFC, 11/10/03, p.A1)

2000        Jun 2, In Kashmir an explosive device killed at least 11 people in Gundqasim during Shiite Muslim religious services.
    (SFC, 6/3/00, p.A12)

2000        Jul 4, In India the Cabinet rejected a demand for political autonomy by the Kashmir state legislature.
    (SFC, 7/5/00, p.A12)

2000        Jul 11, Muslim militants killed 3 Buddhist monks at a vehicle check at Rangdum and escaped with Harfurth Rolf, a German tourist. Rolf’s body was found Aug 3 on a glacier in the Kishtwar mountain range.
    (SFC, 8/5/00, p.A11)

2000        Jul 30, In Kashmir a Pakistan-based rebel group opposed to a cease-fire attacked Indian security forces and killed at least 3 soldiers.
    (SFC, 8/1/00, p.A10)

2000        Aug 1, In Kashmir terrorists killed nearly 50 people in 2 attacks. 18 men at a village in the Anantnag area were killed as well as 30 Hindu pilgrims and Muslim porters on their way to the Amarmath cave shrine at Pahalgam.
    (SFC, 8/2/00, p.A13)

2000        Aug 2, In Kashmir the death toll from guerrilla attacks climbed to 101.
    (SFC, 8/3/00, p.A12)

2000        Aug 8, The militant Hizbul Mujahedeen called off its cease-fire.
    (SFC, 8/9/00, p.A11)

2000        Aug 10, In Srinagar 11 people were killed and 19 wounded from a car bomb set off by the Hizbul Mujahedeen.
    (SFC, 8/11/00, p.A14)

2000        Aug 13, In Kashmir 16 people were killed and dozens injured in explosions and gun battles across the province.
    (SFC, 8/14/00, p.A13)

2000        Aug 13, In Kashmir 16 people were killed and dozens injured in explosions and gun battles across the province. 2 land mines killed 6 soldiers and 10 rebels died in battles with government troops.
    (SFC, 8/14/00, p.A13)(SFC, 8/15/00, p.A14)

2000        Aug 21, In Kashmir Muslim guerrillas used booby traps to kill 5 Indian soldiers, while Indian security forces killed 8 people believed to be part of the separatist movement. Indian shelling into the Pakistani controlled side killed a man and an 8-year-old girl. In Jachil Dhara guerrilla set explosives killed an Indian general and a colonel.
    (SFC, 8/22/00, p.A12)

2000        Aug 24, India and Pakistan traded accusations over a clash in Kashmir. India claimed that 10 Pakistani fighters were killed, while Pakistan said 2 were killed.
    (SFC, 8/25/00, p.D8)

2000        Nov 19, India announced a 1-month unilateral cease-fire in Kashmir.
    (SFC, 11/20/00, p.A9)

2000        Nov 22, In Kashmir Islamic militants assaulted 2 Indian military positions and killed several soldiers. 3 militants were also reported killed.
    (SFC, 11/23/00, p.D6)

2000        Nov 28, In Kashmir Muslim separatists attacked Indian forces and 12 people were killed.
    (SFC, 11/29/00, p.A18)

2000        Dec 4, In India the military was attacked twice by suspected Islamic guerrillas and at least 5 people were killed. In Kashmir a bus carrying police officers fell into a gorge at Baithi Chashma in the Donda district and at least 27 officers were killed.
    (SFC, 12/5/00, p.A15)
2000        Dec 4, Pakistan said it won’t insist to being party to Indian peace talks with Kashmiri separatists but that it must be a party to the final settlement.
    (WSJ, 12/5/00, p.A1)

2000        Dec 20, India and Pakistan took steps to reduce tensions in Kashmir. India extended its cease-fire and Pakistan announced a partial troop withdrawal.
    (SFC, 12/21/00, p.A20)

2000        Dec 25,  In Kashmir a car bomb went off in Indian controlled Srinagar and 8 people were killed with 23 injured. The Pakistan-based rebel groups Jamaat-ul Mujahedeen and Jaish-e-Mohammad claimed responsibility.
    (SFC, 12/26/00, p.C4)(WSJ, 12/26/00, p.A1)

2001        Jan 16, In Kashmir 11 people died when militants attacked the airport at Srinagar. The Pakistan-based Lashkar-e-Taiba guerrillas claimed responsibility. The group was later banned in Pakistan but reappeared under the name Jamaat-ud-Dawa.
    (SFC, 1/17/01, p.A11)(Econ, 7/29/06, p.39)

2001        Jan 23, India extended its cease-fire in Kashmir for a 3rd month.
    (WSJ, 1/24/01, p.A1)

2001        Feb 22, India extended a Kashmir cease-fire.
    (WSJ, 2/23/01, p.A1)

2001        Apr 11, In northern India 8 Islamic separatists and 2 government soldiers were killed in gun battles in Jammu and Kashmir.
    (SFC, 4/12/01, p.C2)

2001        May 9, In Kashmir Islamic guerrillas, members of the Pakistan based Lashkar-e-Tayyaba group, set off explosives in a paramilitary camp in Magam and killed themselves and 6 civilians.
    (SFC, 5/10/01, p.C5)

2001        May 10, In Kashmir suspected Islamic guerrillas beheaded 8 Hindu villagers after abducting them near Sajan.
    (SFC, 5/11/01, p.D8)

2001        May 23, India called off a 6-month cease-fire in Kashmir and at the same time invited Pakistan’s military leader to visit and discuss how to bring peace to the region.
    (SFC, 5/24/01, p.C2)

2001        Jul 10, In Kashmir 25 people were killed as India pressed an offensive against Islamic insurgents.
    (SFC, 7/11/01, p.A8)

2001        Jul 14, Gen. Pervez Musharraf of Pakistan arrived in India for talks on Kashmir and other issues with PM Atal Bihari Vajpayee.
    (SSFC, 7/15/01, p.A12)

2001        Jul 16, In India the leaders of Pakistan and India failed to agree on a peace settlement for Kashmir but did agree to meet later in the year in Pakistan.
    (SFC, 7/17/01, p.A6)

2001        Oct 1, In Srinagar, capital of Jammu and Kashmir, a Pakistani-based suicide squad struck at the Legislative Assembly and 38 people were killed.
    (SFC, 10/3/01, p.A11)(WSJ, 11/7/01, p.A17)(AP, 10/1/06)

2001        Oct 2, India demanded that Pakistan shut down the Jaish-e-Mohammed (Army of the Prophet Mohammad) militant group responsible for the Oct 1 attack in Srinagar that killed 40 people. India also asked the US to outlaw the group and to freeze its assets.
    (SFC, 10/3/01, p.A11)

2001        Oct 15, India shelled Pakistani posts along their line in Jammu Kashmir for aiding Islamic militants. One woman was killed and 25 civilians wounded.
    (SFC, 10/16/01, p.B1)

2001        Oct 27, In Kashmir Islamic rebels fought Indian troops in several areas and at least 21 people were killed.
    (SSFC, 10/28/01, p.A20)

2001        Nov 2, In  Kashmir Indian forces killed at least 25 suspected Islamic militants who tried to cross over to Pakistan.
    (SFC, 11/3/01, p.C2)

2001        Nov 10, In Kashmir Indian forces battled suspected Islamic militants and 18 people were killed.
    (SFC, 11/12/01, p.A14)

2001        Nov 21, India border forces in Kashmir killed at least 12 suspected Islamic guerrillas trying to cross a cease-fire line with Pakistan.
    (SFC, 11/22/01, p.A21)

2001        Dec 13, In India 5 gunmen and a suicide bomber tried to enter a gate at the parliament building in New Delhi. 6 policemen and the attackers were killed and 18 wounded. The Kashmiri Lashkar-e-Tayyaba separatist group was held responsible. 5 gunmen were killed after they had killed 7 Indians.
    (SFC, 12/13/01, p.A4)(SFC, 12/14/01, p.A3)(WSJ, 12/14/01, p.A1)(SFC, 12/15/01, p.A3)(SSFC, 12/16/01, p.A14)

2002        Jan 1, Pakistan ordered the country’s military intelligence agency to cut off backing for Islamic militant groups fighting in Kashmir.
    (SFC, 1/2/02, p.A3)

2002        Jan 2, In India, Kashmir, militants detonated 2 grenades near the legislature killing 1 police officer and wounding at least 24. 2 soldiers were later killed by militants at an Indian military post in Darhal.
    (SFC, 1/3/02, p.A3)

2002        Jan 8, India and Pakistan traded fire on their Kashmir border.
    (WSJ, 1/9/02, p.A1)

2002        Jan 21, In Kashmir 21 people died in violence.
    (WSJ, 1/22/02, p.A1)

2002        Mar 4, In Kashmir separatist violence left at least 17 people dead. This included 8 Islamic militants killed by Indian soldiers.
    (SFC, 3/5/02, p.A7)

2002        Mar 30, In Kashmir suspected Islamic militants exchanged fire with Indian police in Jammu and 10 people were killed.
    (SSFC, 3/31/02, p.A17)

2002        May 14, In Kashmir 3 Islamic militant attacked an Indian army base and  killed 34 civilians and soldiers in Kaluchak. India held Pakistan responsible.
    (SFC, 5/14/02, p.A13)(SFC, 5/15/02, p.A11)(WSJ, 5/16/02, p.A1)

2002        May 18, India and Pakistan traded fire for a 2nd day across the Line of Control. India gave its Pakistan ambassador 1 week to return home and bombarded 13 sectors in Kashmir.
    (SSFC, 5/19/02, p.A11)

2002        May 19, Weekend fighting in Kashmir between India and Pakistan left at least 15 people killed.
    (SFC, 5/20/02, p.A8)

2002        May 20, Palestine called for int’l. monitors for the Kashmir border. 2 Indian soldiers were killed in fighting.
    (SFC, 5/21/02, p.A9)

2002        May 21, Fighting between Indian and Pakistan soldiers in Kashmir killed 9 civilians and wounded 7 others. Gunmen in Srinagar assassinated Abdul Ghani Lone (70), a moderate Kashmiri separatist leader.
    (SFC, 5/21/02, p.A9)(SFC, 5/22/02, p.A13)(WSJ, 5/22/02, p.A1)

2002        ~May 24, Pres. Vajpayee announced a $1.3 billion aid package for Kashmir and promised fair elections.
    (WSJ, 5/30/02, p.A10)

2002        May 25, Pakistan tested a medium-range Ghauri missile. Mortar fire was traded with India on the Kashmir border and 3 suspected Islamic militants were killed along with 2 Indian soldiers.
    (SSFC, 5/26/02, p.A12)
2002        May 25, Pres. Bush and Putin pressured Pakistan’s Pres. Musharraf to stop incursions into Indian-controlled Kashmir.
    (SSFC, 5/26/02, p.A12)

2002        May 29, In Kashmir cross-border shelling killed at least 23 people and wounded 17.
    (WSJ, 5/30/02, p.A1)

2002        Jun 3, India and Pakistan exchanged fire in Kashmir and at least 8 civilians were killed and 23 injured.
    (SFC, 6/4/02, p.A8)

2002        Jun 5, India PM Vajpayee said his country would consider jointly monitoring the disputed Kashmir border with Pakistan. Pakistan rejected India’s proposal for joint patrols in Kashmir.
    (SFC, 6/5/02, p.A1)(SFC, 6/6/02, p.A8)

2002        Jun 14, In Kashmir India and Pakistan continued cross border shelling. Pakistan reported Indian shelling killed 6 civilians, including 3 children.
    (SFC, 6/15/02, p.A8)

 2002        Jun 16, In Indian Kashmir suspected Islamic militants hurled grenades and opened fire on police, sleeping villagers and Hindu pilgrims, killing 12 people over the last 24 hours. 21 people, including five Hindu villagers, were killed in several incidents of separatist violence.
    (AP, 6/16/02)(Reuters, 6/16/02)(SFC, 6/17/02, p.A8)

2002        Jun 21, In Kashmir 13 suspected Islamic militants were killed in the Indian-controlled section. Rebels killed Ghulam Rasool, a member of the governing national Conference Party. In the Pakistan-controlled section a sniper opened fire on a truck carrying 22 people and 10 were killed when it plunged into a ravine.
    (SFC, 6/22/02, p.A6)

2002        Jun 27, In India’s Jammu-Kashmir 9 people, including three soldiers, were killed and 22 wounded in separate incidents of violence.
    (Reuters, 6/27/02)(SFC, 6/28/02, p.A14)

2002        Jul 6, In Indian-ruled Kashmir 2 soldiers and two separatist rebels were killed in fighting.
    (Reuters, 7/6/02)

2002        Jul 12, In India's Kashmir region at least 10 people were killed and 15 wounded, some critically, in a shootout. Shops and businesses downed shutters in Srinagar, the summer capital of India's disputed state of Jammu and Kashmir, in response to a strike call by separatists to honor Kashmiri "martyrs".
    (Reuters, 7/13/02)(SFC, 7/13/02, p.A14)

2002        Jul 13, Outside Jammu, Kashmir, a grenade and gun attack on a Hindu slum that left 27 people dead, dozens wounded and rekindled fears of war with nuclear neighbor Pakistan.
    (Reuters, 7/14/02)(SSFC, 7/14/02, p.A12)

2002        Jul 16, In India-controlled Kashmir a grenade wounded at least 13 people in Anantnag.
    (SFC, 7/17/02, p.A7)

2002        Jul 22, In Indian Kashmir 4 suspected separatist rebels were killed in a shootout with troops while a policeman and a civilian were wounded in separate blasts.
    (Reuters, 7/22/02)

2002        Aug 6, In Kashmir suspected Islamic militant lobbed a grenade and opened fire on a group of Hindu pilgrims 175 miles north of Jammu.
    (SFC, 8/6/02, p.A7)

2002        Aug 20, Indian troops killed 14 Muslim rebels trying to sneak into Kashmir from Pakistan.
    (WSJ, 8/21/02, p.A1)

2002        Aug 24, Suspected rebels shot dead eight Muslim villagers, including three women, in Indian Kashmir as a U.S. envoy took his peace mission to Islamabad to try to cool tensions on the subcontinent.
    (Reuters, 8/24/02)

2002        Aug 28, Police in India reported that 14 people, including 10 Muslim militants, were killed in clashes between Indian security forces and separatist rebels in India's Jammu and Kashmir state.
    (Reuters, 8/28/02)

2002        Aug 29, Indian soldiers killed 5 guerrillas after they crossed into the India-controlled portion of Kashmir.
    (SFC, 8/30/02, p.A19)

2002        Sep 6, In Indian Kashmir suspected Muslim rebels shot dead Sheikh Abdul Rehman, a politician contesting state elections, in the first killing of a candidate since the campaign began.
    (Reuters, 9/6/02)

2002        Sep 11, In Indian-controlled Kashmir Islamic militants killed Mushtaq Ahmad Lone (44), a state law minister and legislative candidate. 15 others were killed in 2 other attacks.
    (SFC, 9/12/02, p.A5)

2002        Sep 16, Indian-ruled Kashmir ended the first stage of state assembly elections against a backdrop of violence and in the shadow of a tense confrontation between nuclear powers India and Pakistan. Indian troops killed 9 suspected Islamic rebels in a border sweep hours before the elections. A 44% turnout was reported.
    (Reuters, 9/16/02)(WSJ, 9/16/02, p.A1)(SFC, 9/17/02, p.A10)

2002        Sep 18, In Srinagar, Kashmir, 2 ruling party workers were gunned down and a ruling lawmaker was attacked ahead of the second round of voting in a state election dogged by anti-poll violence that left 13 people dead.
    (Reuters, 9/18/02)(SFC, 9/19/02, p.A10)

2002        Sep 22, In Kashmir 6 police were wounded and one Muslim militant killed following an attack on a police compound in Srinagar.
    (SSFC, 9/22/02, p.A12)

2002        Sep 23, In Kashmir Muslim separatists killed 10 people in grenade attacks on polling stations to frighten voters.
    (SFC, 9/24/02, p.A13)

2002        Sep 25, Indian forces killed five suspected Islamic militants trying to cross into Indian Kashmir from Pakistan as new tensions were stoked between the nuclear rivals over an attack on an Indian temple.
    (AP, 9/25/02)

2002        Oct 1, In Indian Kashmir gunmen killed 9 people on a bus and attacked several polling stations as voters shunned the third round of elections in the troubled state's separatist heartland. 6 paramilitary troopers were killed when their vehicle exploded south of Srinagar.
    (Reuters, 10/1/02)(SFC, 10/2/02, p.A12)

2002        Oct 3, India said it had killed eight Islamic militants trying to enter Indian Kashmir from Pakistani territory as the state battles a surge in rebel violence just days before the end of a disputed election.
    (Reuters, 10/3/02)

2002        Oct 8, In Indian Kashmir suspected Muslim separatist militants disguised as policemen stormed a polling station, gunning down two soldiers, as turbulent state elections ended. A 44% turnout ousted the pro-Indian national Conference.
    (Reuters, 10/8/02)(SFC, 10/11/02, p.A10)

2002        Oct 9, India claimed victory after completing a turbulent state election in Indian Kashmir which it long saw as an essential rite of passage before it could consider talks with Pakistan.
    (AP, 10/9/02)

2002        Oct 18, India assumed direct control over Kashmir after elections failed to produce a viable government.
    (WSJ, 10/18/02, p.A1)

2002        Oct 19, In Indian Kashmir at least 4 suspected militants were shot dead while others detonated a bomb, killing a policeman and wounding 15 people.
    (Reuters, 10/19/02)

2002        Oct 27, Kashmir's new ruling coalition vowed to release political prisoners and probe custodial deaths as a first step to end a separatist revolt.
    (AP, 10/27/02)

2002        Nov 2, In Kashmir Mufti Muhammad Sayeed, head of the People’s Democratic Party, was sworn in as chief minister after 2 rifle grenades were thrown at his home. 16 people were killed in violence that followed.
    (SSFC, 11/3/02, p.A10)(WSJ, 11/4/02, p.A1)

2002        Nov 11, Islamic militants in Kashmir killed 13 police in a bomb attack.
    (WSJ, 11/12/02, p.A1)

2002        Nov 23, In Indian-ruled Kashmir 12 people, including six soldiers, were killed and 23 injured when their bus ran over a landmine planted by suspected militants.
    (Reuters, 11/23/02)

2002        Nov 24, In Kashmir militants stormed a Hindu temple and engaged security forces in a 10-hour gunfight that killed 14 people.
    (SFC, 11/27/02, p.A17)

2002        Nov 25, Indian security forces shot dead two suspected Muslim militants who had attacked Hindu temples in Indian Kashmir, ending a bloody siege that cast a shadow over efforts to bring peace to the disputed region.
    (AP, 11/25/02)

2002        Nov 26, In Kashmir’s Kralapora village 3 schoolboys were killed when they hit a live grenade that they mistook for a cricket ball.
    (SFC, 11/27/02, p.A17)

2002        Nov 30, At least 11 people were killed and 30 wounded in separatist clashes in the northern Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
    (AP, 11/30/02)

2002        Dec 1, In Kashmir 10 people, including 4 militants, were killed in fresh clashes between Muslim guerrillas and Indian security forces.
    (Reuters, 12/1/02)

2002        Dec 7, In Kashmir 14 people, including eight Muslim rebels, were killed in fresh separatist violence, as a four-day truce announced by a hardline militant group neared its end.
    (Reuters, 12/8/02)

2002        Dec 19, Suspected militants killed three young women (21-22) in their homes just days after posters appeared in India's Jammu and Kashmir state ordering women to wear a veil.
    (Reuters, 12/20/02)

2002        Dec 24, In India's mainly Muslim state of Kashmir 4 civilians and 9 separatist guerrillas were killed in the latest rebel violence.
    (Reuters, 12/24/02)

2002        Sudha Koul, US resident since the 1970s, authored her memoir “The Tiger Ladies: A Memoir of Kashmir."
    (WSJ, 5/29/02, p.D7)

2003          Feb 20, In Indian-controlled Kashmir explosives hidden in snow near a town market of Baramula killed six civilians.
    (AP, 2/20/03)

2003          Mar 4, In the Indian-controlled portion of Kashmir a bus fell into a deep gorge, killing at least nine people and injuring 52.
    (AP, 3/4/03)

2003          Mar 7, Heavy snow set off avalanches along the cease-fire line dividing Kashmir between India and Pakistan, killing at least 17 people, mostly soldiers, and stranding hundreds.
    (AP, 3/7/03)

2003        Mar 23, In Kashmir gunmen shot to death Abdul Majid Dar, the former leader of Kashmir's largest Islamic rebel group, in what may have been retribution for talks with the Indian government.
    (AP, 3/23/03)

2003        Mar 24, Suspected Islamic militants in Indian army uniforms dragged 24 Hindus from their homes, lined them up outside a temple and shot them to death in a remote village in Indian-controlled Kashmir.
    (AP, 3/24/03)

2003        Mar 28, In Jammu-Kashmir suspected Islamic militants attacked and mutilated 5 Kashmiri Muslim villagers, accusing them of being police informants.
    (AP, 3/28/03)

2003        Apr 2, In Indian-controlled Kashmir the chief of the largest militant group was killed in a shootout with police in the strife-torn Himalayan province.
    (AP, 4/2/03)

2003        Apr 6, Indian troops killed Fayaz Ahmad Khan, a top commander of Harkat-ul Mujahedeen, a Kashmiri guerrilla group that is suspected in the 1995 abduction of six Western tourists and a 1999 airliner hijacking.
    (AP, 4/6/03)

2003        Apr 19, India's prime minister acknowledged the government had manipulated elections in Indian-controlled Kashmir and promised residents it would not be repeated.
    (AP, 4/19/03)

2003        Apr 22, In Kashmir a bomb exploded beside a rural road, killing five people and injuring 12 others, as former Indian Home Secretary N.N. Vohra made a weeklong visit to the state to explore the possibility of talks with separatist groups.
    (AP, 4/22/03)

2003        Apr 25, In the northern state of Kashmir a powerful explosion ripped through a courthouse, killing three people and injuring 34.
    (AP, 4/25/03)

2003        Apr 26, In Indian-controlled Kashmir a car bombing and ensuing gunbattle at the offices of state-run radio and television killed 3 suspected Islamic militants and 2 soldiers. A boat carrying 30 schoolchildren capsized in a mountain waterway in Kashmir, drowning at least three, police said. 21 other children were missing.
    (AP, 4/26/03)

2003        Apr 29, Indian troops raided a base of suspected Islamic militants in Kashmir, sparking a firefight that lasted more than five hours and resulted in 17 deaths.
    (AP, 4/29/03)

2003        Jun 28, Two suspected Islamic militants stormed an army camp in Kashmir, killing 12 soldiers before being slain themselves.
    (AP, 6/28/03)

2003        Jul 4, In Indian-controlled Kashmir suspected Islamic guerrillas tossed a grenade and opened fire at a meeting between a minister and health officials, killing 2 people and wounding 28.
    (AP, 7/5/03)

2003        Jul 13, In Kashmir a bus skidded off a mountain road after hitting another vehicle and fell into a river, killing at least 16 people and injuring 19.
    (AP, 7/13/03)

2003        Jul 22, In Indian-held Kashmir 3 suspected Islamic guerrillas attacked an army camp, killing at least 8 soldiers and wounding more than a dozen others before being slain.
    (AP, 7/22/03)

2003        Sep 6, In Indian-controlled Kashmir a bomb targeting an army convoy exploded in the main wholesale market for fruit, killing six people, including an army officer, and wounding 25.
    (AP, 9/6/03)

2003        Sep 13, In Indian-controlled Kashmir suspected Islamic rebels killed a former lawmaker as gunbattles and other violence escalated across Indian-controlled Kashmir, leaving 20 people dead and 37 wounded.
    (AP, 9/13/03)

2003        Sep 20, The Indian army said it killed six suspected separatist guerrillas from a Pakistan-based group after a fierce battle in Indian-controlled Kashmir.
    (AP, 9/20/03)

2003        Sep 21, In India's portion of Kashmir a bomb hidden inside a videocassette recorder exploded in a busy market, killing 3 people and wounding 28 others.
    (AP, 9/21/03)

2003        Sep 24, India rejected Pakistan's invitation to negotiate a settlement concerning the disputed province of Kashmir.
    (AP, 9/25/03)

2003        Sep 29, India's army said that it killed 15 Islamic militants as they tried overnight to sneak into Indian-controlled Kashmir from Pakistan-controlled territory.
    (AP, 9/29/03)

2003        Oct 18, India commandos raided a Srinagar, Kashmir, shopping center where suspected Islamic guerrillas were holed up, killing both men and ending a one-day standoff.
    (AP, 10/18/03)

2003        Nov 27, Indian security forces battled rebels in villages along the border in Kashmir and suspected insurgents detonated a grenade in a busy market. The violence left 12 people dead.
    (AP, 11/27/03)

2003        Dec 7, In Indian-held Kashmir an overcrowded bus skidded off a steep mountain road and plunged 1,500 feet into a gorge, killing 23 passengers and injuring 13 others.
    (AP, 12/7/03)

2003        Dec 30, At least 34 Indian soldiers were wounded in Kashmir when militants detonated a bomb in a shop as the bus carrying the troops passed by.
    (Reuters, 12/30/03)

2003        Sumantra Bose authored "Kashmir: Roots of Conflict, Paths to Peace."
    (SSFC, 9/28/03, p.M1)

2004        Jan 9, In Kashmir a hand grenade exploded at a mosque, wounding at least 15 worshippers who had gathered for prayers.
    (AP, 1/9/04)

2004        Jan 17, Indian soldiers and Islamic rebels clashed in disputed Kashmir in two separate gunbattles that killed eight guerrillas and two paramilitary soldiers.
    (AP, 1/17/04)

2004        Feb 5, Indian soldiers shot and killed 10 suspected Muslim militants in the forests of northern Kashmir.
    (AP, 2/5/04)

2004        Feb 16, India and Pakistan began historic meetings aimed at preparing for a sustained peace dialogue on Kashmir and other disputes.
    (AP, 2/16/04)

2004        Feb 17, India and Pakistan reached a broad agreement on the timetable for sustained peace talks on disputed Kashmir and other tough issues separating the South Asian neighbors.
    (AP, 2/17/04)

2004        Apr 8, In Indian-held Kashmir a grenade explosion and gunfire at an election rally killed 9 people and wounded at least 60, including the state's tourism and finance ministers.
    (AP, 4/8/04)(WSJ, 4/9/04, p.A1)

2004        May 23, In India's portion of Kashmir suspected Islamic militants blew up a military bus, killing at least 33 soldiers and relatives, and wounding 15.
    (AP, 5/23/04)(SFC, 5/24/04, p.A7)

2004        Jun 12, In Iraq gunmen killed Bassam Salih Kubba, a deputy foreign minister as he went to work in Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/12/04)

2004        Jun 26, In Indian-controlled Kashmir suspected Islamic rebels raided a village and shot to death 12 Muslims while they slept.
    (AP, 6/26/04)

2004        Jul 3, In the Indian portion of Kashmir a mountain gunbattle, a time bomb hidden in a fruit seller's hand cart and a grenade lobbed in a busy market killed 8 people and wounded 44.
    (AP, 7/3/04)

2004        Jul 5, A suspicious fire gutted Kashmir's oldest educational institution, destroying 30,000 rare books on Islam, including some of the world's oldest copies of the Quran.
    (AP, 7/5/04)

2004        Jul 11, Suspected Muslim guerrillas sliced off the nose, ears and tongue of Mariam Begum, a 14-year-old girl in Indian Kashmir, believing her to be an informer for the Indian army. Elsewhere in Kashmir, 16 Muslim rebels and four soldiers were killed in separate gun battles over the weekend.
    (Reuters, 7/11/04)

2004        Jul 17, At least 15 people were killed and many more injured when a crowded bus skidded off a road and fell into a gorge in Kashmir.
    (AP, 7/17/04)

2004        Jul 19, Kashmir militants attacked a Congress party rally in Duru and killed 5 people.
    (WSJ, 7/20/04, p.A1)

2004        Jul 25, In Kashmir a group of 9 militants barged into the home of Mohammed Shafi in a remote village in Rajouri district and beheaded him. They also killed his 22-year-old son and 15-year-old daughter.
    (AP, 7/26/04)

2004        Aug 4, In Kashmir Muslim militants killed nine Indian troopers in an attack on a paramilitary camp, just hours before India and Pakistan, which both claim the region, began a round of peace talks.
    (AP, 8/5/04)

2004        Sep 4, India's PM Singh said his government was ready to talk to any militant group, including those in Kashmir, abandoning previous preconditions that the rebels must first disarm.
    (AP, 9/4/04)

2004        Sep 6, India and Pakistan ended 2-day talks to settle their dispute over Kashmir. Yasin Malik, the chairman of pro-independence Jammu Kashmir Liberation Front (JKLF), said the dispute could not be settled unless residents of the region are included in talks.
    (AFP, 9/6/04)

2004        Sep 18, Indian troops shot dead 14 Islamic militants in clashes across Indian-administered Kashmir, while suspected rebels killed four civilians.
    (AP, 9/18/04)

2004        Sep 22, Four Islamic militants were killed in a clash with Indian troops along the disputed border in Kashmir on the eve of a summit between the two countries' leaders.
    (AP, 9/23/04)

2004        Sep 30, Two gunmen in Srinagar shot dead a member of the moderate faction of Kashmir's main separatist alliance.
    (AP, 9/30/04)

2004        Oct 4, Six separatist rebels were killed in a clash between separatist rebels and security forces in a thickly forested area in Jammu and Kashmir.
    (AP, 10/4/04)

2004        Oct 7, In Kashmir 4 Islamic militants were killed by Indian forces while rebels killed a paramilitary soldier and critically wounded a pro-India political activist.
    (AP, 10/7/04)

2004        Oct 24, Militants bombed mourners arriving at a Kashmir graveyard for the funeral of a murdered opposition party leader, killing one and wounding six.
    (AP, 10/24/04)

2004        Nov 3, Indian troops killed five Islamic militants in a fierce gunbattle in insurgency-hit Kashmir after the rebels barricaded themselves inside a mosque.
    (AP, 11/3/04)

2004        Nov 7, Kashmiri separatists gave a cautious welcome on to India's offer to allow them to visit Pakistan. Thousands of people in Indian Kashmir staged a protest, alleging that soldiers had raped a 10-year-old girl and her mother.
    (Reuters, 11/7/04)

2004        Nov 11, Indian PM Manmohan Singh announced a reduction in troops in disputed Kashmir in a fresh initiative to push forward a fraying peace process with Pakistan.
    (AP, 11/11/04)

2004        Nov 16, India said its army will start reducing the number of troops in revolt-hit Kashmir  to coincide with a visit to the state by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. Military experts estimate that India has about 250,000 troops in Kashmir.
    (AP, 11/16/04)

2004        Nov 17, India's PM Manmohan Singh paid a rare visit to the divided Himalayan region of Kashmir, marking the start of a partial troop withdrawal that has been hailed by rival Pakistan as an important step in easing tensions. Pakistan's powerful Islamic parties dismissed the partial pullout of Indian troops from Indian-administered Kashmir as tokenistic "eyewash", saying a plebiscite was the only solution to the half-century dispute. India began pulling an estimated 40k of some 500k soldiers from Kashmir.
    (AP, 11/17/04)(AFP, 11/17/04)(WSJ, 11/18/04, p.A1)

2004        Nov 20, India pulled out around 3,000 troops from Kashmir.
    (AP, 11/20/04)

2004        Nov 23, In Kashmir suspected Muslim rebels shot dead five people in overnight attacks.
    (AP, 11/23/04)
2004        Nov 23, Pakistani Prime Minister Shaukat Aziz arrived in India to help push forward a fragile peace process.
    (AP, 11/23/04)

2004        Dec 5, In Kashmir a remote-controlled roadside bomb blew up an army patrol car in a pre-dawn attack, killing an Indian army major and 10 other soldiers.
    (AP, 12/5/04)

2004        Dec 24, Suspected militants hurled a grenade in a village market in Indian Kashmir, killing one person and wounding eight others.
    (Reuters, 12/24/04)

2005        Jan 7, In Indian-controlled Kashmir police said militants stormed a government building, setting it on fire with 70 employees still trapped inside. Three people were killed in the fighting.
    (AP, 1/7/05)

2005        Jan 8, Indian security forces killed the last rebel holed up inside a government office in Kashmir, ending a two-day battle during which guerrillas took over the building and set it on fire with dozens of employees inside.
    (AP, 1/8/05)

2005        Jan 15, In Kashmir separatist guerrillas stormed a government building in Srinagar, triggering a gunbattle with security forces days ahead of Republic Day celebrations.
    (AP, 1/15/05)

2005        Jan 16, A 25-hour stand-off between Islamic guerrillas and Indian forces in Srinagar, Kashmir, ended after two militants holed up inside an indoor stadium were killed by troops.
    (AP, 1/16/05)

2005        Jan 27, India has decided to open the main airport in disputed Kashmir to international flights to draw more tourists to the scenic Himalayan region.
    (Reuters, 1/27/05)

2005        Jan 29, In insurgency-hit Indian Kashmir voters turned out in big numbers to cast ballots in the first leg of municipal polls to be held in over a quarter of a century.
    (AFP, 1/29/05)

2005        Feb 6, in Kashmir an overcrowded bus skidded off a mountain road and crashed into a ravine, killing at least 28 passengers and injuring 33.
    (AP, 2/6/05)

2005        Feb 9, In Kashmir suspected Muslim rebels shot dead a popular municipal councilor outside a mosque. Separately Indian troops killed 4 militants in a gunbattle inside a mountain cave.
    (AP, 2/9/05)

2005        Feb 11, Kashmir police said 10 people died, including a pro-India party worker slain by Muslim rebels, a day ahead of the next round of violence-hit municipal polls.
    (AP, 2/11/05)

2005        Feb 13, In Indian Kashmir at least 35 people were wounded when suspected separatist guerrillas threw a grenade on a crowded road.
    (AP, 2/13/05)

2005        Feb 16, India and Pakistan agreed to start a bus service across a ceasefire line dividing the disputed Himalayan region of Kashmir beginning on Apr 7.
    (Reuters, 2/16/05)(Econ, 2/19/05, p.39)

2005        Feb 21, An official said avalanches and slides triggered by heavy weekend snowfall in India's portion of Kashmir had killed at least 249 people.
    (AP, 2/21/05)(AFP, 2/26/05)

2005        Feb 24, In Indian-controlled Kashmir 2 armed militants stormed a government office complex, prompting a four-hour gunbattle that left seven people dead, including the attackers.
    (AP, 2/24/05)

2005        Mar 24, Suspected Muslim insurgents shot dead the brother of Kashmir's junior home minister while he was walking to a market.
    (Reuters, 3/24/05)

2005        Mar 27, Kashmir police said suspected militants shot dead a grandmother, mother and her infant daughter after the child's father, a former Kashmiri separatist rebel, surrendered to Indian security forces.
    (AP, 3/27/05)

2005        Apr 5, Rebels opposed to a bus link joining parts of Kashmir controlled by rivals India and Pakistan set off bombs and fought gun battles with troops, two days before the service was due to start.
    (AP, 4/5/05)

2005        Apr 6, In Srinagar 2 suspected Islamic militants stormed a building housing passengers on the eve of a historic bus ride across the divided Himalayan territory of Kashmir, in an attack targeting the biggest India-Pakistan peace gesture in decades. Both attackers were killed and at least six people wounded, but all the bus passengers were safe.
    (AP, 4/6/05)

2005        Apr 7, Passengers on historic bus trips between the Pakistani and Indian portions of Kashmir crossed a bridge spanning the de facto border, voyages both sides hope will lead to lasting peace on the subcontinent. Kashmiris walked across the “Peace Bridge," on the Line of Control between India and Pakistan.
    (AP, 4/7/05)(SFC, 4/8/05, p.A3)

2005        Apr 8, The Gulmarg Gondola was inaugurated. The Jammu and Kashmir Cable Car Corporation (JKCCC) made the second phase of the Gulmarg Gondola operational taking it to the heights of the Afarwat peak.
    (SSFC, 2/26/06, p.E1)(www.natives.co.uk/news/2005/04/13indi.htm)

2005        Apr 10, In Indian Kashmir 2 civilians were killed and 20 others wounded when suspected Muslim rebels hurled a grenade in a crowded area.
    (Reuters, 4/10/05)

2005        Apr 25, Indian troops killed 6 Islamic militants in a mountainous Kashmir district bordering the Pakistani-zone of the divided state, while suspected rebels hanged to death a civilian.
    (AFP, 4/26/05)

2005        Apr 27, Indian troops killed nine suspected Islamic militants in three separate clashes in Indian-controlled Kashmir.
    (AP, 4/27/05)

2005        Apr 28, Indian troops shot dead four Muslim rebels who infiltrated into Indian Kashmir from the Pakistani-zone of the divided state.
    (AP, 4/29/05)

2005        May 3, In Indian-controlled Kashmir suspected rebels killed six people in attacks, while at least six militants died in an overnight gunbattle with soldiers.
    (AP, 5/3/05)

2005        May 11, In the Indian portion of Kashmir a series of rebel bomb attacks and gunfights with security forces left at least 13 people dead and dozens injured.
    (AP, 5/11/05)

2005        May 12, In Srinagar, Kashmir, a grenade thrown by suspected Islamic rebels exploded outside a school, killing two women and wounding at least 57 people, many of them schoolchildren and their parents.
    (AP, 5/12/05)

2005        May 14, In Indian Kashmir suspected Muslim rebels shot dead the brother of an ex-militant who became a moderate separatist leader.
    (AFP, 5/14/05)

2005        May 17, In Kashmir suspected Muslim rebels threw a grenade at a group of mourners in Srinagar, killing two and wounding at least 20. Earlier in the day suspected rebels killed four villagers by slitting their throats on the outskirts of Srinagar.
    (AP, 5/17/05)

2005        May 26, India and Pakistan exchanged ideas on ending a two-decade-old military standoff on Kashmir's Siachen glacier, as senior defense officials began a two-day meeting.
    (AP, 5/26/05)

2005        Jun 5, Five suspected Islamic militants were killed in an ongoing gunbattle with troops in Indian Kashmir's Rajouri district.
    (AP, 6/5/05)

2005        Jun 13, In Kashmir a bomb hidden in a pickup truck exploded in the bustling town of Pulwama, killing 15 people, including the suspected attacker, and injuring at least 60 others.
    (AP, 6/13/05)

2005        Jun 14, A strike called by Kashmir separatists paralyzed India's portion of the disputed Himalayan province, shutting almost all shops, schools and offices to protest an apparent suicide attack that killed 15 people and injured 60 a day earlier.
    (AP, 6/14/05)

2005        Jun 24, India refused permission for Pakistan's information minister, who once sheltered anti-Indian Kashmiri separatists, to visit its part of Kashmir on a new "peace bus".
    (AP, 6/24/05)

2005        Jun 24, In India's portion of Kashmir Islamic militants triggered a car bomb by remote control as an army convoy drove past a popular park, killing 9 soldiers and wounding 22 other people.
    (AP, 6/25/05)

2005        Jul 5, In Kashmir suspected Islamic militants shot dead five people, two of them Indian soldiers guarding the de facto border with Pakistan. The soldiers were killed during a clash with militants near the Line of Control (LoC) that divides Kashmir.
    (AP, 7/6/05)

2005        Jul 6, In Kashmir Indian troops shot dead, Hizbul Mujahedin, a self-styled divisional commander of the region's main rebel group in the northern district of Baramulla.
    (AP, 7/6/05)

2005        Jul 14, Indian troops recovered the bodies of 5 Islamic militants as they hunted rebels high in the rugged Himalayas in northern Indian Kashmir. 7 people died in other violence. A spokesman identified one of the slain rebels as Abu Lukman, a senior member of the region's main rebel group Hizbul Mujahedin.
    (AFP, 7/14/05)

2005        Jul 16, Security forces in India's portion of Kashmir killed at least 17 suspected Islamic militants, including 13 rebels who had entered the region from Pakistan.
    (AP, 7/17/05)

2005        Jul 20, In Kashmir a car bomb blew up an army jeep, killing 5 soldiers and at least one civilian and injuring 20 others near a school in an elite neighborhood of Srinagar.
    (AP, 7/20/05)

2005        Jul 21, In Indian Kashmir 2 bus passengers were killed and three were wounded when they were caught in an exchange of fire between militants and soldiers.
    (AP, 7/21/05)

2005        Jul 22, In Kashmir separatist militants fighting Indian rule in the country's only Muslim-majority state said they would not allow minority Hindus who fled the region after the revolt broke out 16 years ago to return.
    (AP, 7/22/05)

2005        Jul 24, Indian troops in Kashmir killed 3 innocent teenagers after troops mistook them for militants. Demonstrations followed among angry Kashmiri Muslims in Jammu and Kashmir, largely Hindu India's only Muslim-majority state.
    (Reuters, 7/25/05)

2005        Jul 25, Indian army said it had shot dead five militants in Kupwara district of Kashmir when they were trying to sneak into India from the Pakistani side.
    (Reuters, 7/25/05)

2005        Jul 28, In the Indian-controlled portion of Kashmir suspected Islamic militants raided the village of Dhoob, separated the villagers by religion and killed 5 Hindus by slitting their throats.
    (AP, 7/29/05)

2005        Jul 29, In Kashmir 15 people, including six journalists, were wounded during a fierce gunbattle between troops and Muslim rebels in Srinagar. Rebels killed 2 soldiers in a grenade and gun attack on a police patrol.
    (AP, 7/29/05)(AP, 7/30/05)

2005        Jul 30, In Kashmir militants holed up in buildings on a busy street in Srinagar fired at security forces during a raid.
    (AP, 7/30/05)

2005        Aug 5, Police in Kashmir detained at least 10 protesters as hundreds demonstrated against the death sentence handed out to a Kashmiri Muslim for a raid on the country's parliament four years ago.
    (AP, 8/5/05)

2005        Aug 12, Suspected Islamic militants raided a remote mountain village in India's Jammu-Kashmir state and attacked 2 Hindu families as they dined together, killing 5 people.
    (AP, 8/13/05)

2005        Aug 13, In Indian Kashmir 9 people died in fresh fighting. Troops intensified search operations ahead of India's Aug 15 Independence Day, which separatists observe as a "black day".
    (AFP, 8/14/05)

2005        Aug 20, Indian troops shot dead a Hindu fighting for the biggest Islamic separatist rebel group in Indian Kashmir.
    (AFP, 8/20/05)

2005        Aug 26, In Indian Kashmir at least 15 people, including three soldiers, were wounded when suspected Islamist rebels threw five grenades at different places in Sopore. 4 people, including 2 militants, were killed in separate shootouts across the region in the past 24 hours.
    (AP, 8/26/05)

2005        Aug 28, Aasiya Andrabi, Indian Kashmir's leading female separatist, formed a squad to raid brothels and appealed to people for help in reporting cases of adultery.
    (AP, 8/28/05)

2005        Sep 5, Kashmir's main political separatist alliance started peace talks with the Indian prime minister, seeking trust and an easing of harsh military controls in the troubled region.
    (Reuters, 9/5/05)

2005        Sep 28, In Indian Kashmir 6 Islamic militants were killed in two shootouts including one near the border with Pakistan, while suspected rebels killed a civilian. 4 militants were killed in a gunbattle that erupted when police raided a militant hideout in the northern district of Kupwara near the ceasefire Line of Control with Pakistan. Two other rebels died in a fierce gunfight that broke out when soldiers launched a search for militants in a village in the central district of Budgam.
    (AP, 9/29/05)

2005        Sep 29, A bus accident in India's portion of Kashmir has left 44 people dead and 42 others injured.
    (AP, 9/30/05)

2005        Oct 8, A 7.6-magnitude earthquake hit Kashmir near the Pakistan-India border reaching to Afghanistan. It reduced villages to rubble, triggered landslides and flattened an apartment building, killing thousands of people in India and Pakistan. Pakistani officials said the death toll ranged between nearly 20,000 and 30,000. The newly reopened "Peace Bridge" linking the Indian and Pakistani portions of disputed Kashmir nearly collapsed during the earthquake. The death toll from the quake reached 87,350. The UN estimated that 3 million people were left homeless by the earthquake.
    (AP, 10/9/05)(SSFC, 10/9/05, p.A1)(AP, 11/8/05)(Econ, 5/6/06, p.44)

2005        Oct 13, A female suicide bomber blew herself up minutes before an army convoy was to pass on a key highway in Indian Kashmir, the first such attack by a woman in the region's Islamic separatist conflict.
    (AP, 10/13/05)

2005        Oct 18, Suspected Islamic militants killed the education minister of Indian-controlled Kashmir during a brazen raid days after top insurgents ordered a suspension of attacks in the aftermath of South Asia's devastating earthquake.
    (AP, 10/18/05)
2005        Oct 18, Gen’l. Musharraf announced that Pakistan was ready to allow Kashmiris to cross the “line of control," dividing Indian and Pakistani controlled areas, to help their families.
    (Econ, 10/22/05, p.45)

2005        Oct 19, Two strong aftershocks from the Oct 8 deadly earthquake shook South Asia, unleashing landslides and setting off another wave of panic among survivors of the disaster. A new tally from officials in India and Pakistan pushed the death toll to 79,000.
    (AP, 10/19/05)

2005        Oct 30, Pakistan and India made an unprecedented agreement to open their heavily militarized border in disputed Kashmir to aid the flow of relief goods and reunite divided families in the aftermath of South Asia's colossal earthquake.
    (AP, 10/30/05)

2005        Nov 2, In Kashmir 6 people including a suicide bomber were killed and more than a dozen wounded in a car bomb blast in the Nowgam area on the outskirts of Srinagar. "The car bomb is our first gift to Ghulam Nabi Azad," who was to be sworn is as the Kashmir's new chief minister, said Abu Qudama, spokesman for Jaish-e-Mohammed.
    (AP, 11/2/05)(Econ, 11/5/05, p.44)

2005        Nov 7, India and Pakistan opened their frontier in Kashmir for earthquake relief, but police had to fire tear gas to disperse protesters who were banned from taking part in the symbolic crossing.
    (AP, 11/7/05)

2005        Nov 14, In Kashmir a gunbattle erupted in the main business district of Srinagar after Muslim militants attacked a police compound, killing two civilians and two soldiers and injuring six civilians.
    (AP, 11/14/05)

2005        Nov 16, In Kashmir a car bomb exploded in the main business district of Srinagar, the summer capital of India's Jammu-Kashmir state, killing at least two people and injuring 40.
    (AP, 11/16/05)

2005        Nov 19, India and Pakistan opened their disputed border in Kashmir for the first time in 58 years, a temporary measure to allow divided families to check on each other after the region's devastating earthquake.
    (AP, 11/19/05)

2005        Dec 12, In Kashmir Indian troops shot dead three Islamic militants, while suspected rebels shot dead a shopkeeper in revolt-hit Kashmir.
    (AFP, 12/12/05)

2005        Dec 30, Two Indian soldiers were killed when they stepped on a land mine near the heavily fortified frontier that divides Kashmir between longtime rivals India and Pakistan.
    (AP, 12/30/05)

2005        The conflict in Kashmir took over 1,700 lives in this year. More than 90% were members of the state’s Muslim majority.
    (Econ, 5/6/06, p.43)

2006        Jan 20, A crowded bus veered off a steep mountain road in Indian-controlled Kashmir, killing at least 53 people.
    (AP, 1/20/06)

2006        Jan 28, At least 8 people were killed in a gunfight between Indian security forces and Kashmir rebels.
    (AP, 1/28/06)

2006        Feb 11, In Indian Kashmir 8 people, including three security personnel, were killed in separate overnight clashes and rebel attacks. An Islamic separatist women's group, known for its fierce opposition to Western-style romance, vowed to prevent couples celebrating Valentine's Day.
    (AFP, 2/11/06)

2006        Feb 25, In Indian Kashmir Thousands of Shiite Muslims held noisy demonstrations for a third straight day to protest the bombing of a revered shrine in Iraq.
    (AP, 2/25/06)

2006        Apr 7, A bus skidded off a narrow mountain road and plunged into a river in a remote region of Indian Kashmir and dozens were feared dead.
    (AP, 4/7/06)

2006        Apr 14, In Kashmir a series of grenade attacks by suspected separatist rebels shook Srinagar, killing five people and wounding at least 18.
    (AP, 4/14/06)

2006        Apr 17, In Indian Kashmir 2 guards were killed and a politician injured in a gun attack by suspected Islamic militants. The army announced it had arrested 10 rebels and killed two others.
    (AFP, 4/17/06)

2006        Apr 30, Suspected Islamic militants raided a village in Indian-controlled Kashmir and killed 22 Hindus, lining them outside their homes and shooting them execution-style. Police found the bodies of 4 of 13 Hindu cattle grazers who were abducted over the weekend by suspected Islamic militants. 9 more bodies were found the next day.
    (AFP, 5/1/06)(AP, 5/1/06)

2006        May 3, In New Delhi Muslim separatists met India's prime minister for fresh peace talks on the future of Kashmir. Hours before the talks were due to begin, four rebels and three security men died in gunbattles in Kashmir.
    (AP, 5/3/06)
2006        May 3, India and Pakistan agreed to launch a truck service and a second passenger bus route this summer linking the parts of Kashmir held by each country.
    (AP, 5/3/06)

2006        May 5, In Srinagar a strike and protests to force the government to reveal names of people caught up in a prostitution scandal paralyzed the summer capital of Indian Kashmir and injured 20 people. Civil servants and policemen had been linked to a prostitution ring in which teenage girls had been drugged and abducted to a brothel.
    (AP, 5/5/06)(Econ, 4/14/07, p.46)

2006        May 13, In the Indian-controlled portion of disputed Kashmir suspected Islamic militants hurled a grenade at a Hindu political rally, killing two people and wounding at least 35.
    (AP, 5/13/06)

2006        May 18, In Indian Kashmir one person was killed and 22 wounded in two grenade attacks by suspected Islamic militants at busy markets.
    (AFP, 5/18/06)

2006        May 21, Islamic militants dressed as policemen hurled grenades and shot into a rally by the ruling Congress party in India's portion of Kashmir, killing at least 7 people and wounding 22 others. Two attackers were killed.
    (AFP, 5/21/06)

2006        May 25, In Kashmir PM Manmohan Singh said his country was "committed" to living in harmony with neighboring rival Pakistan and to resolving the issue of Kashmir with a lasting peace treaty. As he left militants killed four people, a man, two women and a child, in an explosion that blew up a bus carrying Indian tourists.
    (AP, 5/25/06)

2006        Jun 1, In Indian Kashmir a 3-day siege left 8 Muslim rebels and a paramilitary soldier dead as troops hunted down armed rebels in ongoing operations.
    (AP, 6/1/06)

2006        Jun 10, In Kashmir one person died and eight were injured when Indian troops opened fire on villagers protesting against the alleged desecration of a mosque by soldiers.
    (AP, 6/10/06)

2006        Jun 12, In Indian Kashmir at least nine people were killed in a series of attacks, including one close to a camp housing Hindu pilgrims, while a boy died in police firing. Suspected Islamic militants shot dead seven Indian laborers.
    (Reuters, 6/12/06)(AP, 6/12/06)

2006        Jun 14-2006 Jun 15, In Indian Kashmir suspected Islamic insurgents shot dead five Muslims, and exploded a bomb that injured four people.
    (AP, 6/15/06)

2006        Jun 16, In Indian Kashmir 2 civilians were killed and three policemen wounded when militants hurled grenades and raked a police motorcade with AK assault rifle fire in Srinagar’s northern Baramulla district.
    (AFP, 6/17/06)

2006        Jun 17, In Indian Kashmir suspected militants shot dead the owner of a public telephone office and separately a former rebel who was working with counter-insurgency police.
    (AFP, 6/17/06)

2006        Jun 18, In the Himalayan region of Indian Kashmir at least 23 people were killed and an equal number hurt when a truck filled with workers plunged into a gorge.
    (AFP, 6/18/06)

2006        Jun 20, A second bus service rolled between the Indian and Pakistani zones of disputed Kashmir, a move hailed as a boost for the peace process between the nuclear-armed rivals.
    (AP, 6/20/06)

2006        Jun 21, In Indian Kashmir 5 Hindu pilgrims were injured in a grenade attack on their bus by suspected Islamic militants. A senior rebel and a political activist were killed in separate incidents.
    (AFP, 6/21/06)

2006        Jun 30, At least eight suspected Islamic militants trying to cross into India's portion of disputed Kashmir from the Pakistani side were killed during a gunbattle. Federal security forces shot dead music composer Inayatullah Bhat (31) near his home in Srinagar. The next day at least two dozen people were hurt as thousands of protesters hurled bricks and stones in a violent demonstration over his killing.
    (AP, 6/30/06)(AFP, 7/1/06)

2006        Jul 3, In India's Jammu-Kashmir state clashes between Indian government forces and suspected Islamic separatist militants killed 13 people.
    (AP, 7/3/06)

2006        Jul 8, In Indian Kashmir a politician and four civilians died and at least 45 others were injured when suspected Islamic rebels hurled a grenade outside a Muslim shrine.
    (AFP, 7/8/06)

2006        Jul 11, In Kashmir a series of grenade attacks killed eight people and wounded more than two dozen in the Srinagar.
    (AP, 7/11/06)

2006        Jul 22, Police said Mudassir, a top Kashmiri militant commander blamed for dozens of attacks and tourist killings, has been arrested in the Indian portion of Kashmir. He was believed to be the chief planner of Lashkar-e-Tayyaba, a Pakistan-based Islamic militant group linked to "25 incidents of grenade attacks and other violent incidents.
    (AP, 7/22/06)

2006        Jul 26, In Indian Kashmir 5 people were killed and 12 wounded, including nine in a tourist area, in 4 different gun battles.
    (AFP, 7/26/06)

2006        Jul 29, A strike protesting against a visit by India's president to Indian Kashmir shut much of the region for a second day, while four soldiers were reportedly hurt in a rebel attack.
    (AFP, 7/29/06)

2006        Jul 30, In Indian Kashmir 6 people were killed in shootings and 10 wounded in a grenade attack on a bus carrying Hindu pilgrims.
    (AFP, 7/31/06)

2006        Jul 31, In Indian Kashmir four rebels and a policeman were killed in three separate gunbattles in southern Poonch and Pulwama districts.
    (AP, 8/1/06)

2006        Aug 1, In Indian Kashmir 4 security personnel were killed in a shooting at a popular tourist spot.
    (AP, 8/1/06)

2006        Aug 12, In Indian Kashmir 7 people, including two civilians mistaken by the army for Islamic guerrillas, died as a strike paralyzed life in the region's main city.
    (AFP, 8/12/06)

2006        Aug 16, In Kashmir 5 Islamic rebels were shot dead by Indian troops after they sneaked across the de facto border from the Pakistani zone. The army suffered one casualty.
    (AP, 8/16/06)

2006        Aug 23, In Indian-controlled Kashmir a crowded bus swerved off a steep mountain road and plunged into a gorge, killing at least 16 people and injuring 35 others.
    (AP, 8/23/06)

2006        Sep 9, In Indian Kashmir suspected Muslim militants shot dead two policemen in an attack on a police check post. They also looted arms and ammunition.
    (AFP, 9/9/06)

2006        Sep 16, Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf and Indian PM Manmohan Singh held "historic" talks on the disputed Kashmir region, on the sidelines of a developing-world summit in Havana. They also agreed to restart peace talks suspended since train bombings killed more than 200 people in Mumbai in July.
    (AFP, 9/16/06)(AP, 9/16/06)

2006        Sep 23, In Indian Kashmir suspected militants shot dead a man and a woman near Srinagar. A border guard hurt in a bomb explosion died the next day.
    (AFP, 9/24/06)

2006        Sep 24, In Indian Kashmir 4 suspected Islamic militants were shot dead by troops in northern Uri district in a gunbattle with troops. 2 more were killed in nearby Bandipora.
    (AP, 9/24/06)

2006        Oct 7, India's army killed five militants as they tried to sneak into the Indian portion of Kashmir from Pakistan. Two soldiers were also killed in the gunbattle. The head of a man from Gund Brath village, abducted the previous day, was found on a road in nearby Sopore town. The body was recovered in a different part of the town. A note tied to the man's head that said he was beheaded because he allegedly worked as an informer for Indian security forces.
    (AP, 10/8/06)

2006        Oct 28, In the Indian-controlled section of Kashmir 3 Indian border guards and 18 civilians were injured when suspected Islamic rebels hurled a grenade in a busy market.
    (AFP, 10/28/06)

2006        Nov 2, India's army chief has ordered an investigation into a string of recent incidents of soldiers fatally shooting their colleagues in India's insurgency-wracked portion of Kashmir. There have been at least four cases over the past 10 days of distraught soldiers in Kashmir shooting colleagues to death, then committing suicide.
    (AP, 11/2/06)

2006        Nov 5, In the Indian-controlled portion of Kashmir 4 members of a family and two suspected Islamic militants were killed in separate incidents.
    (AP, 11/6/06)

2006        Nov 9, In Pakistan's part of Kashmir 5 high-school students who mistook a bomblet for a toy were fatally wounded when the explosive went off as they played with it in a field.
    (AP, 11/10/06)

2006        Nov 10, Suspected militants hurled a grenade into a crowd outside a mosque in a village in Indian Kashmir, killing at least five people and wounding nearly 30.
    (AP, 11/10/06)

2006        Nov 14, Nuclear-armed India and Pakistan resumed peace talks with alleged Pakistan-sponsored terrorism high on the agenda as a car bomb exploded in revolt-hit Indian Kashmir, injuring 16 people.
    (AP, 11/14/06)

2006        Nov 30, Indian troops shot dead four Islamic militants in revolt-hit Kashmir, including a commander (Ali Baba alias Abu Hufeza) believed to have been involved in last year's bombings in New Delhi.
    (AFP, 12/1/06)

2006        Dec 5, Pakistan President Gen. Pervez Musharraf said he is willing to give up its claim to all of Kashmir if India agrees that the disputed Himalayan region should become self-governing and largely autonomous. Troops shot dead three Islamic militants in Indian Kashmir, while 19 civilians were injured and a guerrilla was killed in a grenade blast.
    (AP, 12/5/06)(AFP, 12/5/06)

2006        Dec 28, In Indian Kashmir 9 people including five Islamic rebels were killed and 10 injured in separate incidents over the last 2 days.
    (AP, 12/28/06)

2007        Jan 5, In Pakistan's part of Kashmir a landslide triggered by recent heavy rains swamped a minibus and a car on a narrow mountainous road, killing 15 people and injuring three others.
    (AP, 1/6/07)

2007        Jan, Police in India’s Jammu & Kashmir state turned up 5 bodies of Kashmiris buried as Pakistani militants. 8 police officers in the Ganderbal district were arrested including Hansraj Parihar, Ganderbal’s top policeman.
    (Econ, 2/17/07, p.44)

2007        Feb 10, In Indian Kashmir 2 suspected Muslim rebels and a civilian died in a gunbattle with troops when militants opened fire on an army patrol.
    (AFP, 2/10/07)

2007        Feb 11, Indian Kashmir was hit by clashes between police and protesters as separatists held a general strike marking the anniversary of the execution of a prominent rebel.
    (AP, 2/11/07)

2007        Feb 28, In Kashmir Indian officials charged 7 policemen in Srinagar with murdering a man and claiming he was an Islamic militant, the first charges in an alleged plot by officers to kill innocent people and earn rewards.
    (AP, 2/28/07)

2007        Mar 1, Avalanches and landslides in Kashmir forced Indian security teams to airlift thousands of people to safe areas, while at least eight Pakistani soldiers were feared dead after they were buried under a snowslide near the Afghan border.
    (AP, 3/2/07)

2007        Mar 7, In Indian-controlled Kashmir cable operators said 4 foreign television channels have been pulled from the air after Islamic militant groups demanded cable companies stop airing "obscene" shows.
    (AP, 3/7/07)

2007        Mar 20, Heavy rains triggered landslides that buried three homes in Pakistan's portion of Kashmir, leaving 31 people dead.
    (AP, 3/21/07)

2007        Apr 7, The 17-year insurgency in Kashmir continued with an average of 3 lives lost every day. India had an estimated 600,000 soldiers and paramilitary police stationed in Jammu & Kashmir state.
    (Econ, 4/7/07, p.14)

2007        Apr 21, In Indian-held Kashmir police found the bodies of 2 Hindus with their throats slit, as hundreds protested the killing of a Muslim woman.
    (AFP, 4/22/07)

2007        Jun 1, In Indian-controlled Kashmir suspected Islamic militants attacked a paramilitary camp, a police post and an army vehicle in an upsurge in violence, killing three government soldiers and wounding another 22.
    (AP, 6/1/07)

2007        Jun 7, It was reported that police and security forces in the Indian-controlled portion of Kashmir have destroyed hundreds of acres of poppy fields and arrested 125 people.
    (AP, 6/7/07)

2007        Jun 9, Indian officials said a group claiming to represent the al-Qaida terror network declared a holy war on India over its partial control of the divided Himalayan region of Kashmir.
    (AP, 6/9/07)

2007        Jun 24, In Indian Kashmir 3 suspected Muslim rebels were shot dead trying to cross from the Pakistan side of the divided state. The region's main guerrilla group vowed to continue attacks and shun peace talks. A landmine attack by rebels on an Indian police convoy wounded 10 on the outskirts of Srinagar.
    (AFP, 6/24/07)

2007        Jul 7, In Indian-controlled Kashmir protesters clashed with police in Srinagar a day after a teenager was killed when police fired on a crowd protesting alleged human rights abuses.
    (AP, 7/7/07)

2007        Jul 20, Suspected Islamic rebels attacked Hindu pilgrims with hand grenades for the second time in a week in India's portion of Kashmir, wounding 11 people.
    (AP, 7/21/07)

2007        Sep 11, In Kashmir 20 people were hurt when thousands of Kashmiri protesters clashed with Indian police over the killing of an alleged militant who they say was just a college student. Police said Mohammed Ramzan Shah (20) died during a gunfight Sep 11 in the state's northern Kupwara district. Shah's brother said "He was arrested by the army Sep 10 when he was on his way to attend a function at his aunt's place."
    (AFP, 9/11/07)

2007        Sep 25, In Indian Kashmir 5 suspected Muslim militants and a policeman were killed in three gunbattles in Poonch, Kupwara and Kulgam districts.
    (AFP, 9/26/07)

2007        Sep 26, In Indian Kashmir 4 suspected Muslim militants were killed as they crossed into southern Poonch and northern Kupwara districts from the Pakistani-zone of the divided state. Government troops also shot dead two "wanted" commanders of the pro-Pakistan rebel group Hizbul Mujahedin in southern Doda district.
    (AFP, 9/26/07)

2007        Oct 19,     In Indian Kashmir Rawathpora village residents claimed that Indian soldiers detained teacher Abdul Rashid Mir (26) outside a school, then tortured and fatally shot him while he was in custody. The Indian army said Mir was accidentally shot after he got into a squabble with an army patrol team. Violence quickly erupted.
    (AP, 10/20/07)

2007        Oct 20, In Indian Kashmir thousands of angry Rawathpora villagers torched government vehicles in street battles that injured 30 police one day after army soldiers allegedly shot dead a schoolteacher.
    (AP, 10/20/07)

2007        Nov 6, In Kashmir a 4-day gunbattle began that left five Islamic militants and four Indian soldiers killed.
    (AFP, 11/9/07)

2007        Dec 15, In Kashmir one person was killed when police fired on hundreds of students calling for a college to be set up in their town. The protest in Magam township, 30 kilometers (18 miles) west of Srinagar, came a day after the Kashmir government said it would set up 18 new colleges across the insurgency-racked state. Magam was not included.
    (AFP, 12/15/07)

2007        Dec 16, In the Indian portion of Kashmir hundreds of people clashed with police, hours after burying a 20-year-old man killed by police a day earlier. At least 35 people were injured.
    (AP, 12/16/07)

2007        Dec 24, In Indian Kashmir 5 worshippers were being held hostage inside a mosque for a second day by Muslim rebels as security forces sought to end siege peacefully. Indian forces killed three suspected Islamic militants ending the two-day hostage standoff and sparking angry protests that injured dozens of people.
    (AFP, 12/24/07)(AP, 12/25/07)

2008        Feb 8, In the Indian-controlled part of Kashmir avalanches killed at least eight people and forced hundreds more to leave their snowbound villages.
    (AP, 2/8/08)

2008        Mar 6, Officials said authorities in Indian Kashmir have begun poisoning stray dogs in an anti-rabies drive that aims to kill some 100,000 dogs in the region's main city.
    (AP, 3/6/08)

2008        Mar 21, In Indian Kashmir two boys, aged five and 14, were killed when a hand grenade they mistook for a toy exploded.
    (AP, 3/21/08)

2008        Mar 23, In Indian Kashmir 4 policemen and a senior member of a hardline Islamic militant group were killed in a fierce gun battle near Srinagar.
    (AP, 3/23/08)

2008        Apr 5, In Kashmir police fired tear gas to break up a protest by stone-throwing demonstrators against alleged prison abuses as a strike paralyzed life in revolt-hit Srinagar.
    (AFP, 4/5/08)

2008        May 11, Indian forces and suspected Islamic militants clashed in two separate incidents in Indian-controlled Kashmir, killing six people, including two civilians and a news photographer.
    (AP, 5/11/08)

2008        May 21, India and Pakistan signed a pact in Islamabad granting consular access to prisoners in each other's jails but reported no significant progress in negotiations on the disputed Himalayan region of Kashmir.
    (AP, 5/21/08)

2008        May, Kashmir’s state government gave the overseers of the Hindu Amarnath shrine the right to build facilities on 98 acres along the route to the shrine. Separatist politicians portrayed this as loss of territory and rouse violent protests, which eventually forced the government to change its mind, which in turn infuriated the Hindus.
    (Econ, 8/16/08, p.33)

2008        Jun 13, In Indian-controlled Kashmir Islamic rebels ambushed an army vehicle and killed five Indian soldiers, including two senior officers.
    (AP, 6/14/08)

2008        Jun 24, Sixty people were hurt in Indian Kashmir in escalating protests about the handing over of land to Hindu pilgrims visiting the Muslim-majority region.
    (AFP, 6/24/08)

2008        Jun 25, Police in Muslim-majority Indian Kashmir fought running battles with protesters for the third consecutive day as anger mounted over the provision of land to Hindu pilgrims.
    (AP, 6/25/08)

2008        Jun 26, Tens of thousands of Kashmiris filled the streets for a fourth day of protests, after police killings during earlier demonstrations enflamed their anger over the transfer of land to a Hindu shrine in this Muslim-majority region.
    (AP, 6/26/08)

2008        Jun 27, In Indian-controlled Kashmir tens of thousands of angry demonstrators filled the streets, burning flags and effigies of Indian leaders on the fifth day of protests against the transfer of land to a Hindu shrine in the Muslim-majority region.
    (AP, 6/27/08)

2008        Jun 28, In Indian Kashmir at least 50 people were injured when police and protesters clashed for a sixth day as resistance to the transfer of land to a Hindu pilgrim group deepened.
    (AP, 6/28/08)

2008        Jun 30, In Indian Kashmir shops, schools and offices remained shut for the eighth day running as protesters demanded formal revocation of an order to hand over land to a Hindu pilgrim body.
    (AFP, 6/30/08)

2008        Jul 1, In Muslim majority Indian-held Kashmir authorities reversed a controversial plan to transfer land to a Hindu shrine as Muslim and Hindu protesters held massive rallies across the region assailing the state government for its handling of the politically sensitive issue.
    (AP, 7/1/08)

2008        Jul 2, In Kashmir the Indian army said 11 Muslim rebels and an Indian soldier have been killed in two days of fierce fighting in a district bordering the Pakistani part of the disputed state.
    (AFP, 7/2/08)

2008        Jul 4, Fierce fighting raged in India's portion of Kashmir, killing five army soldiers and a suspected Muslim rebel near the de facto border with Pakistan.
    (AP, 7/4/08)

2008        Jul 5, In Kashmir thousands of protesters clashed with police in Srinagar over allegations that government forces set fire to Jenab Sahib, a local Muslim shrine.
    (AP, 7/5/08)

2008        Jul 7, In Indian Kashmir Ghulam Nabi Azad, the chief minister said he was stepping down following protests over the government’s handling of the transfer of government land to the Shiri Amarnath Shrine Board, a trust running the revered Hindu shrine.
    (WSJ, 7/8/08, p.A12)

2008        Jul 13, In Indian Kashmir 10 people were hurt when police had to fire shots in the air and use tear gas to disperse a crowd that was attacking pro-India politicians.
    (AP, 7/13/08)

2008        Jul 18, Suspected Muslim rebels threw a grenade at a crowded bus terminal in the Indian portion of Kashmir, wounding 35 people, including seven children.
    (AP, 7/19/08)

2008        Jul 19, In Kashmir at least 10 Indian soldiers were killed and 14 others injured when their bus was hit by an improvised explosive device in the disputed Himalayan region.
    (AFP, 7/19/08)(SSFC, 7/20/08, p.A2)

2008        Jul 24, In Indian Kashmir a suspected Islamic militant threw a hand grenade at a group of migrant laborers, killing a woman and her four children in one of two attacks that claimed a total of nine lives.
    (AP, 7/24/08)

2008        Jul 29, Indian and Pakistani soldiers traded fire across the heavily armed Kashmir frontier for more than 12 hours overnight and into the day in what the Indian army called the worst violation of a 2003 cease-fire agreement between the nuclear-armed neighbors.
    (AP, 7/29/08)

2008        Aug 4, Indian officials pledged to stop Hindus from imposing an economic blockade on the mainly Muslim Kashmir valley as tensions heightened with the deaths of protesters. Police opened fire at hundreds of stone-throwing Hindu protesters angry over a government decision to not transfer land to a Hindu shrine, killing two people. A Muslim protester was also killed by a tear gas shell.
    (AFP, 8/4/08)(AP, 8/4/08)(WSJ, 8/6/08, p.A10)

2008        Aug 6, In Indian Kashmir a Hindu protester was shot dead in army firing as Premier Manmohan Singh was due to hold talks with political parties in a bid to defuse tensions in the region.
    (AP, 8/6/08)

2008        Aug 11, Indian troops shot dead Sheikh Abdul Aziz (52), a prominent Kashmiri separatist leader, and three other protesters. The shooting came as Indian security forces tried to prevent about 100,000 Muslims from marching towards the de facto border with Pakistan.
    (AFP, 8/11/08)

2008        Aug 12, Indian security forces shot dead 15 Muslim demonstrators in Kashmir amid a wave of anger against New Delhi's control over the disputed region.
    (AP, 8/12/08)(Econ, 8/23/08, p.33)

2008        Aug 13, Riots erupted across Indian-controlled Kashmir as Muslims mourned 15 people killed in a day of bloody violence, as the protests spread to other parts of India. Indian police say they have issued orders to shoot protesters defying a curfew in the town of Kishtwar in Indian-controlled Kashmir.
    (AP, 8/13/08)

2008        Aug 14, Thousands of Muslims poured into the streets of Kashmir, demanding independence from India hours after archival Pakistan called on the United Nations to stop what it characterized as gross human rights violations in the divided Himalayan region. Police shot dead another protester, bringing the death toll from days of rioting to 22 as security was boosted on the eve of India's Independence Day celebrations.
    (AP, 8/14/08)(AFP, 8/14/08)

2008        Aug 15, In India's part of Kashmir tens of thousands of Muslims took to the streets again, ignoring a plea by the country's prime minister for an end to weeks of violence that has left 34 people dead.
    (AP, 8/15/08)

2008        Aug 16, Tens of thousands of Muslims marched in India's portion of Kashmir in honor of a prominent separatist leader killed in a recent wave of violence that has rocked the volatile Himalayan region.
    (AP, 8/16/08)

2008        Aug 18, Tens of thousands of Muslims waving green and black protest flags gathered in Indian Kashmir's main city for a march to UN offices demanding freedom from India and intervention by the world body.
    (AP, 8/18/08)

2008        Aug 22, In Indian Kashmir hundreds of thousands of Muslims marched in Srinagar in the largest protest against Indian rule in over a decade. Police estimated the crowd at 275,000.
    (AP, 8/22/08)(SFC, 8/23/08, p.A8)

2008        Aug 24, In Kashmir soldiers and police fired at Muslim protesters demanding an end to Indian rule killing one person, as authorities arrested top separatist leaders in a bid to quash unrest that has left at least 37 people dead since June.
    (AP, 8/25/08)(SFC, 8/25/08, p.A3)

2008        Aug 27, In Indian-administered Kashmir police traded fire with militants allegedly holding 8 people hostage, including 6 children, in a building in Jammu. 3 soldiers and 3 civilians died in the violence. The militants had illegally crossed into Indian Kashmir from Pakistan a day earlier.
    (AP, 8/27/08)(AP, 8/28/08)

2008        Aug 28, In Indian Kashmir Government forces ended a hostage crisis in the mainly Hindu city of Jammu when they killed the last of three rebels believed to have seized eight people. 2 hostages died in the gunbattle.
    (AP, 8/28/08)

2008        Sep 6, In Indian Kashmir thousands of angry people took to the streets to denounce the killing of a protester by government troops, who fired rubber bullets and tear gas shells at Muslim demonstrators chanting anti-India slogans.
    (AP, 9/6/08)

2008        Sep 12, Tens of thousands of Muslims joined pro-independence rallies across Indian-controlled Kashmir, leading to scattered clashes with police that left at least two protesters dead and dozens injured.
    (AP, 9/12/08)

2008        Oct 10, Police in Srinagar shot and killed two people and at least four protesters were wounded, as thousands of Muslims took to the streets of Indian Kashmir to protest the visit of India's prime minister.
    (AP, 10/10/08)

2008        Oct 11, India's PM Singh launched Kashmir's first train service, the fruit of an eight-year project that overcame tough terrain and rebel strife, on a visit overshadowed by violence. Shops, businesses and schools were shut to protest Singh’s visit.
    (AFP, 10/11/08)(AP, 10/12/08)

2008        Oct 21, In Kashmir trucks laden with fruit, honey, garments and spices crossed the heavily armed frontier as India and Pakistan opened a trade route between the two sides of the divided region for the first time in six decades.
    (AP, 10/21/08)

2008        Oct 26, Government troops in Indian Kashmir opened fire on hundreds of angry protesters demanding the release of several people arrested during a recent strike, killing one and wounding at least three others.
    (AP, 10/26/08)

2008        Nov 16, In Indian-controlled Kashmir a bridge under construction over an icy Himalayan river collapsed, killing four workers and leaving 19 others missing and feared dead.
    (AP, 11/16/08)

2008        Nov 17, Large crowds voted in some towns in Indian Kashmir while protesters clashed with police in others as state elections began amid boycott calls by Muslim separatists.
    (AP, 11/17/08)

2008        Nov 23, In Indian Kashmir turnout was high for a 2nd round of voting despite boycott calls by Muslim separatists and clashes in some towns between protesters and security forces.
    (AP, 11/23/08)

2008        Dec 7, Large crowds voted in several towns in Indian Kashmir, while separatists in other areas boycotted the polls and clashed with government forces in the fourth phase of state elections in the disputed Himalayan region.
    (AP, 12/7/08)
2008        Dec 7, Security forces overran a militant camp on the outskirts of Pakistani Kashmir's main city and seized Zaki-ur-Rehman Lakhvi, an alleged mastermind of the attacks that shook India's financial capital last month. At least 11 others were seized at the camp run by the banned group Laskhar-e-Taiba.
    (AP, 12/8/08)

2008        Dec 13, Voters cast their ballots in the fifth phase of state elections in Indian Kashmir as scattered clashes between protesters and government forces left one person dead.
    (AP, 12/13/08)

2008        Dec 17, In Indian Kashmir thousands of security forces patrolled towns to protect voters in state elections. Muslim separatists urged residents to boycott the vote and called for a general strike.
    (AP, 12/17/08)

2008        Dec 21, India arrested 3 suspected Islamic militants, including a Pakistani soldier, for allegedly planning a suicide attack in Indian-controlled Kashmir. The suspects were members of Jaish-e-Mohammed, one of more than a dozen groups fighting since 1989 to oust India from Kashmir.
    (SFC, 12/24/08, p.A5)

2008        Dec 24, In Indian Kashmir police fired tear gas and clashed with protesters, where tens of thousands of soldiers were deployed for the 7th and final leg of multi-stage state elections.
    (AFP, 12/24/08)

2008        Dec 28, Indian PM Manmohan Singh called the higher than expected turnout in elections in disputed Kashmir a "vote for democracy," as results showed no one party dominated the polls.
    (AP, 12/28/08)

2008        Dec 30, In Indian Kashmir the National Conference, which with 28 seats won more than any other party, and the Congress party, which won 17, struck an agreement to form a new coalition, giving them a majority in the state parliament.
    (AP, 12/30/08)

2009        Jan 4,  In a densely forested region of Indian Kashmir a gun battle between government forces and suspected Islamic insurgents raged for a fourth day leaving at least seven combatants killed.
    (AP, 1/4/09)

2009        Jan 5, In Indian Kashmir Omar Abdullah (38), a young pro-India Muslim, was sworn in as the new chief minister after elections that attracted a higher turnout than many politicians and voters expected.
    (AFP, 1/5/09)

2009        Jan 14, Police in Indian-controlled Kashmir said they have arrested Mohammed Ahsan Dar, the founder and commander of the region's largest rebel group, calling it a major setback for the separatists.
    (AP, 1/14/09)

2009        Feb 21, In Kashmir two men were killed when soldiers opened fire after a group of Kashmiri youths hurled stones at them and chanted anti-India slogans. On March 21 the Indian army said it would punish three soldiers for their role in the shooting.
    (AFP, 3/21/09)

2009        Mar 25, The Indian army said it had killed 17 militants from Lashkar-e-Taiba in Kashmir. Recent fighting has left at least 25 people dead.
    (AP, 3/26/09)
2009        Feb 25, A passenger bus plunged into a river in the Indian part of Kashmir, killing at least 33 people.
    (AP, 2/25/09)

2009        Apr 11, Sajad Lone (41), an outspoken Kashmiri separatist and head of the People's Conference, said he would run in India's elections starting next week, marking a radical departure for the movement which has until now boycotted polls.
    (AFP, 4/11/09)

2009        Apr 14, In Himalayan Kashmir an avalanche hit an Indian army post, killing 7 soldiers.
    (AP, 4/14/09)

2009        May 7, In Kashmir scores of protesters clashed with government troops in Srinagar as residents went to the polls in the disputed Himalayan region and other Indian key states in a monthlong parliamentary election.
    (AP, 5/7/09)

2009        May 8, Indian police used teargas and batons to disperse hundreds of rock-throwing Kashmiris protesting against the holding of national elections in the revolt-hit region.
    (AP, 5/8/09)

2009        May 29, In Kashmir the bodies of two young women (17 & 22) were found in Shopian town. The pregnant wife of Shakeel Ahmed Ahangar and his teenage sister were allegedly raped and murdered by Indian soldiers.
    (Reuters, 6/20/09)(Econ, 6/27/09, p.48)

2009        May 30, In Indian Kashmir massive protests and clashes erupted after the bodies of two young women were found amid claims that they were raped and murdered by Indian soldiers.
    (AP, 5/30/09)

2009        May 31, In Indian Kashmir more than 40 people were wounded as clashes continued for a 2nd day between Indian police and Kashmiris demonstrating over the recent deaths of two young Muslim women.
    (AFP, 5/31/09)

2009        Jun 6, In Kashmir protesters clashed with police as a separatist strike over the alleged rape and murder of two young Muslim women paralyzed Indian Kashmir for a sixth day.
    (AP, 6/6/09)

2009        Jun 8, In Indian Kashmir security forces opened fire on protesters, wounding at least seven people, including two critically, in the worst clash since unrest broke out last week over the deaths of two young women.
    (AP, 6/8/09)

2009        Jun 9, In Indian Kashmir 30 protesters were hurt when police fired shots in the air and teargas during fresh protests over the alleged rape and murder of two Muslim women.
    (AFP, 6/9/09)

2009        Jun 12, Indian Home Minister P. Chidambaran, speaking in Srinagar, said India is to phase out the controversial presence of large numbers of its troops in towns across the Muslim-majority Kashmir region. Indian troops and paramilitaries were thought to number up to 500,000.
    (AFP, 6/12/09)

2009        Jun 20, Kashmir valley closed down in the latest protest over the alleged rape and murder of two Muslim women that has triggered massive anti-India demonstrations in the disputed Himalayan region.
    (AP, 6/20/09)

2009        Jun 22, In Kashmir 4 Indian police officials were suspended over their handling of a rape and murder case that has sent shockwaves through the disputed Muslim-majority region.
    (AFP, 6/22/09)

2009        Jun 24, In Indian-ruled Kashmir thousands of people defied a ban on protest marches with a fresh demonstration over the alleged rape and murder of two young Muslim women by Indian troops.
    (AFP, 6/24/09)

2009        Jun 26, In Kashmir a Taliban suicide bomber blew himself up near an army vehicle, killing at least two soldiers in the first such assault in Pakistan's part of divided Kashmir, marking an escalation in the militant campaign against security forces.
    (AP, 6/26/09)

2009        Jul 3, In Kashmir police used batons and tear gas to break up fresh anti-India protests, with more than two dozen people injured in the clashes in Srinagar and Baramullah.
    (AFP, 7/3/09)

2009        Jul 8, Protesters in Indian Kashmir set fire to a police van and stoned other security vehicles after the body of a missing young man was recovered in the regional capital Srinagar.
    (AFP, 7/8/09)

2009        Jul 15, A court in Indian-run Kashmir ordered the arrest of four police officers for allegedly destroying evidence in the rape and murder of two women that triggered violent protests last month.
    (AP, 7/15/09)

2009        Aug 8, India’s army said its troops killed three Islamic militants along the de facto Kashmir border, thwarting the seventh attempt by rebels to infiltrate from Pakistan in a week.
    (AFP, 8/8/09)

2009        Aug 20, The Association of Parents of Disappeared People (APDP) said their workers have discovered several unmarked graves containing about 1,500 unidentified bodies in Indian Kashmir, and alleged that some of corpses were likely innocent people killed by government forces. APDP said at least eight of the graves held more than one body.
    (AP, 8/20/09)

2009        Sep 12, In Indian-administered Kashmir suspected Islamic militants set off a powerful bomb blast killing three people and wounding at least seven others.
    (AP, 9/12/09)

2009        Sep 17, In Pakistan-controlled Kashmir a speeding bus, whose driver apparently was eager to break his daylong Ramadan fast, spun out of control and plunged off a mountainous road, killing 25 people and injuring 30 others.
    (AP, 9/17/09)

2009        Oct 29, India banned pre-paid mobile telephones in Kashmir, following concerns that militants were using them to trigger bombs and hide their identities.
    (AFP, 10/30/09)

2009        Nov 2, In Kashmir the bodies of 2 senior rebels, mauled to death by a wild bear, were recovered. Police said they were members of the region's most powerful group, Hizbul Mujahedin and had been active in Indian Kashmir for more than six years.
    (AFP, 11/3/09)

2009        Nov 14, Indian troops shot dead five suspected Islamic militants as they tried to enter Indian Kashmir from the Pakistani side of the disputed state.
    (AFP, 11/14/09)

2009        Nov 21, In Pakistani Kashmir 3 suspected Taliban militants blew themselves up as police chased them.
    (Reuters, 11/21/09)

2009        Dec 2, Researchers from the International People's Tribunal on Human Rights and Justice, an Indian Kashmir-based rights group, issue a report titled “buried Evidence." It said nearly 2,600 bodies have been discovered in single unmarked and mass graves throughout mountainous Indian Kashmir. They found the graves in 55 villages during a three-year survey that concluded last month.
    (AP, 12/2/09)

2009        Dec 4, Fazal Haque Qureshi (64), an Indian Kashmiri separatist leader who supports talks with New Delhi over the restive region's future, was critically wounded by unknown attackers.
    (AFP, 12/5/09)

2009        Dec 18, India said it has withdrawn 30,000 soldiers from Kashmir as rebel attacks decreased over the past two years. Hundreds of thousands are believed to remain in the heavily militarized region also claimed by Pakistan.
    (AP, 12/18/09)

2009        Dec 26, In Indian Kashmir some 40 people were injured when police fired teargas and used batons to break up banned religious processions by Shiite Muslims.
    (AP, 12/26/09)

2009        Dec 28, In Pakistan a suicide bomber in Karachi targeted Pakistan's largest procession of Shiite Muslims on their holiest day, killing 44 people and wounding dozens more in defiance of a major security crackdown. In Pakistan-administered Kashmir a suicide bomber attacked a Shiite procession in Muzaffarabad, killing 8 people and wounding another 80.
    (AFP, 12/28/09)(AP, 1/1/10)(AP, 1/6/10)

2010        Jan 6, In Indian Kashmir suspected Muslim militants opened fire in the main market area of Srinagar, killing one police officer and sending residents running for cover. A suicide bomber struck an army facility in the Pakistan-controlled portion of Kashmir, killing four soldiers and wounding 11 others in an area where such attacks are rare.
    (AFP, 1/6/10)(AP, 1/6/10)

2010        Jan 7, In Indian-controlled Kashmir government forces ended a 20-hour gunbattle with suspected rebels in  Srinagar, shooting and killing the two attackers who paralyzed the region's main city.
    (AP, 1/7/10)

2010        Jan 8, Government forces in Indian Kashmir killed two suspected rebels in a gunbattle. The fighting started after troops cordoned off a house in Khrew village after receiving a tip that suspected militants were hiding there.
    (AP, 1/8/10)

2010        Jan 16, In the Pakistani section of Kashmir a suicide bomber attacked an army vehicle, wounding two soldiers.
    (AP, 1/16/10)

2010        Jan 29, In the Indian-controlled portion of Kashmir suspected Muslim rebels ambushed army soldiers, killing two troops.
    (AP, 1/29/10)

2010        Jan 31, In the Indian-controlled portion of Kashmir Wamiq Farooq (14), a Muslim boy, died after being struck by a shell fired by police to quell a demonstration by separatists in Srinagar.
    (AFP, 2/2/10)(AP, 2/13/10)

2010        Feb 2, In Kashmir Indian police and Muslim protesters clashed for the second day running over the death of a Muslim boy killed by a police tear-gas shell.
    (AFP, 2/2/10)

2010        Feb 5, In Indian Kashmir paramilitary soldiers charged at a group gathered in a playground in Srinagar, and began firing as they fled, killing Zahid Farooq Shah (17). The incident threatened to enflame protests that have rocked the city following the death of another boy on Jan 31.
    (AP, 2/5/10)

2010        Feb 8, In Kashmir 17 Indian soldiers were killed in an avalanche that slammed into a group of 70 combat troops at a high-altitude warfare training camp.
    (AP, 2/8/10)

2010        Feb 13, Fourteen Indian border guards were suspended for suspected involvement in the Feb 5 shooting death of Zahid Farooq Shah (17) in the Indian-ruled portion of Kashmir.
    (AP, 2/13/10)

2010        Mar 14, In Kashmir 6 policemen were hurt when suspected separatist militants attacked their patrol with a grenade in Indian Kashmir's main city of Srinagar.
    (AP, 3/14/10)

2010        Mar 16, In Indian Kashmir 2 civilians and a policeman were killed and 8 other people wounded when suspected militants attacked police patrols at two major markets in Sopore and Srinagar.
    (AFP, 3/16/10)

2010        Mar 23, Pakistani hardliners vowed to wage a holy war to liberate the disputed Himalayan state of Kashmir from Indian control.
    (AFP, 3/23/10)

2010        Mar 31, In Kashmir 4 Indian soldiers and 10 separatist guerrillas were killed in clashes, the highest number of people killed in firefights in 24 hours in recent months.
    (AP, 4/1/10)

2010        Apr 13, In Indian Kashmir one person was killed and 24 hurt during a strike to protest the conviction of six Muslims, including a Kashmiri separatist, for a 1996 bombing in New Delhi.
    (AFP, 4/13/10)

2010        Apr 16, India banned some phone users in insurgency-hit Kashmir from sending SMS text messages, causing anger on the streets and provoking the wrath of the volatile region's chief minister. Kashmir chief minister Omar Abdullah termed the ban "harassment."
    (AFP, 4/16/10)

2010        May 6, In Kashmir a fierce gunbattle between Muslim rebels and Indian security forces in the Indian-controlled portion killed six insurgents and two soldiers.
    (AP, 5/7/10)

2010        May 14, In Indian Kashmir 4 policemen and 2 civilians were injured in a grenade attack by suspected Muslim militants, minutes after protesters and police clashed.
    (AFP, 5/14/10)

2010        May 21, In Indian Kashmir thousands of people turned out to pay tribute to two slain separatist leaders as a one-day strike called to mark the occasion closed shops and businesses.
    (AFP, 5/21/10)

2010        May 29, Police in Indian Kashmir fired teargas to disperse thousands of villagers protesting against what they said was the staged killing of three Muslims by the security forces.
    (AFP, 5/29/10)

2010        Jun 11, In Kashmir a cycle of protests began after Tufail Ahmed Mattoo (17) was killed by a tear gas shell near Srinagar’s main mosque.
    (Econ, 7/10/10, p.42)(Econ, 8/7/10, p.38)

2010        Jun 20, Indian troops fired on hundreds of demonstrators who tried to torch a paramilitary bunker in Kashmir, killing one person and wounding at least five. More were injured in subsequent clashes.
    (AP, 6/20/10)

2010        Jun 24, Indian authorities arrested a key separatist leader and 40 other activists in a bid to quell spiraling protests in the Indian-controlled portion of Kashmir.
    (AP, 6/24/10)

2010        Jun 27, In Indian Kashmir another man was killed when paramilitary forces fired rubber bullets to disperse protesters who had defied a strict curfew.
    (AFP, 6/27/10)

2010        Jun 28, In Indian Kashmir 2 separatist protesters were killed when security forces opened fire to disperse angry demonstrations.
    (AFP, 6/28/10)

2010        Jun 29, In Indian Kashmir police and paramilitary troops fired on thousands of anti-India protesters, killing at least three people in Anantnag in the worst street violence in a year.
    (AP, 6/29/10)

2010        Jul 6, In Indian Kashmir one person was killed by drowning while fleeing security forces and a woman (25) was killed by a stray bullet at the window of her home.
    (Econ, 7/10/10, p.42)

2010        Jul 7, In Indian Kashmir 2 people were killed  and anger increased when security forces beat people in funeral processions.
    (Econ, 7/10/10, p.42)

2010        Jul 9, In Indian-ruled Kashmir thousands of residents defied a strict curfew prompting police to fire rubber bullets and lob tear gas as fresh rebel attacks injured two policemen. Government forces arrested dozens of suspected separatists in an attempt to stem civil unrest.
    (AP, 7/9/10)

2010        Jul 11, In Kashmir a rigid curfew was lifted from most of the country, but shops and businesses remained shut after separatists called for a strike to protest Indian rule in the Himalayan region.
    (AP, 7/11/10)

2010        Jul 12, In Indian Kashmir shops, schools and offices were shut for a second day as politicians met to discuss how to end weeks of violent and deadly street protests against security forces.
    (AFP, 7/12/10)

2010        Jul 13, In Muzaffarabad, Kashmir, PM Raja Farooq Haider Khan, the top official in Pakistan-held Kashmir, vowed to fight India for control of the disputed territory in a speech to thousands of people assembled by a coalition of banned militant groups.
    (AP, 7/13/10)

2010        Jul 16, In Indian Kashmir hundreds of anti-India protesters clashed with police and paramilitary soldiers despite a rigid curfew being reimposed in most of Kashmir following weeks of unrest that has killed 15 people.
    (AP, 7/16/10)

2010        Jul 23, In Indian Kashmir security forces fired teargas at stone-throwing protesters as fresh protests against Indian rule broke out. A minibus veered off a mountain road under construction and plunged into a river, killing at least 17 people.
    (AP, 7/23/10)(AP, 7/24/10)

2010        Jul 30, In Indian Kashmir paramilitary soldiers fired on thousands of demonstrators, killing three men and wounding at least 80 others as protests against Indian rule spread across the disputed region.
    (AP, 7/30/10)

2010        Jul 31, Across Indian Kashmir violence continued to rage with two people shot dead and five wounded after police in two towns opened fire on protesters who attacked their camps and pelted them with rocks.
    (AP, 7/31/10)

2010        Aug 1, In Indian Kashmir two men and a girl were killed after security forces opened fire at thousands of protesters who defied a curfew, as pro-independence protests spread across the region.
    (AFP, 8/1/10)

2010        Aug 2, Omar Abdullah, the chief minister of Indian Kashmir, held crisis talks on the "cycle of violence" afflicting the region, as five more protesters died, taking the death toll to 37 in two months.
    (AFP, 8/2/10)

2010        Aug 3, In Indian Kashmir 4 more demonstrators died as new protests erupted in defiance of pleas for calm from the region's chief minister.
    (AFP, 8/3/10)

2010        Aug 4, In Kashmir tens of thousands of Kashmiri Muslims marched to a town where seven people were killed over the weekend, defying a curfew in another day of massive protests against Indian rule in the Himalayan region. The Indian government warned that further "mindless violence" in Indian Kashmir could only lead to more deaths after two months of unrest that has already claimed 45 lives.
    (AP, 8/4/10)(AFP, 8/4/10)

2010        Aug 5, In Indian-controlled Kashmir the death toll from civil unrest rose to 48 after two more people were killed when paramilitary forces opened fire on demonstrators angry about decades of Indian rule over the Himalayan region.
    (AP, 8/5/10)

2010        Aug 6, In Indian Kashmir at least 113 people were killed and hundreds injured after rare rainfall triggered flash floods in an area of Ladakh popular with foreign fans of high-altitude adventure sports.
    (AFP, 8/6/10)(SFC, 8/7/10, p.A4)

2010        Aug 10, Rescuers in mountainous Indian-controlled Kashmir raced to save dozens of stranded foreign trekkers and find 500 people still missing in flash floods that have killed 140.
    (AP, 8/10/10)

2010        Aug 13, In Kashmir tens of thousands staged angry street demonstrations after government forces killed four people and injured 31 others during the latest unrest against Indian rule in the disputed Himalayan region.
    (AP, 8/13/10)

2010        Aug 14, In Indian Kashmir fresh clashes erupted between anti-India protesters and security forces, where 55 demonstrators have died during two months of unrest.
    (AFP, 8/14/10)

2010        Aug 15, India's PM Manmohan Singh appealed to the people of Indian-controlled Kashmir to end violent protests and said his government is ready to hold talks to resolve their long-standing problems. An off-duty officer flung a shoe at Chief Minister Omar Abdullah, Indian-controlled Kashmir's top elected official, during India's independence day ceremony.
    (AP, 8/15/10)(AP, 8/16/10)

2010        Aug 19, In Indian Kashmir paramilitary soldiers fired live ammunition to disperse anti-India protesters and wounded 3 people after residents accused troops of attacking their homes.
    (AP, 8/19/10)

2010        Aug 20, In Indian Kashmir a teenager was shot dead by paramilitary forces in northern Sopore town. The death sparked further street protests in which a second man died in southern Bijbehara town.
    (AP, 8/21/10)

2010        Aug 30, In Kashmir police opened fire with live rounds at rock-throwing Kashmiris, sparking violent street protests by hundreds in India's portion of the troubled Himalayan region. At least five people were wounded, one critically.
    (AP, 8/30/10)

2010        Sep 6, In Kashmir Indian government forces fired on protesters hurling stones at them, killing three people and wounding at least 17 other demonstrators.
    (AP, 9/6/10)

2010        Sep 11, In Kashmir police fired warning shots and tear gas to disperse hundreds of demonstrators who attacked a police post and burned government offices, as tens of thousands of people took to the streets to protest Indian rule in the Himalayan region.
    (AP, 9/11/10)

2010        Sep 12, In Indian-administered Kashmir hundreds of stone-throwing protesters defied a curfew and attacked security forces in two towns, injuring 9 police officers and 4 soldiers. The protests erupted hours after police formally accused Mirwaiz Umar Farooq, a key separatist leader, of treason for allegedly inciting participants in a massive rally to torch government offices a day earlier.
    (AP, 9/12/10)

2010        Sep 13, India’s PM Manmohan Singh again voiced his willingness to talk to Kashmiris and to respond to their demands, but the government has not yet responded to a proposal by the separatists for peace talks. Indian forces killed 18 protesters and wounded scores of others in confrontations across Kashmir fueled in part by a report that a Quran was desecrated in the United States. A police officer was also killed.
    (AP, 9/13/10)(AP, 9/14/10)

2010        Sep 14, Indian police opened fire on stone-throwing protesters in Kashmir as small groups took to the streets in defiance of curfew orders.
    (AP, 9/14/10)

2010        Sep 15, Indian police opened fire on Muslim demonstrators in a town near Kashmir, killing four people and wounding 30 as leaders of India's main political parties debated how to end months of separatist protests in the region.
    (AP, 9/15/10)

2010        Sep 16, In the Indian portion of Kashmir protesters defied a round-the-clock curfew and attacked government forces with rocks, wounding six of them.
    (AP, 9/16/10)

2010        Sep 17, India deployed soldiers on the streets of protest-hit Kashmir to restore order, as three more people were shot dead by security forces during violent demonstrations.
    (AFP, 9/17/10)

2010        Sep 18, Kashmir police fired on fresh anti-India demonstrations, killing 3 protesters and bringing the number of civilian deaths in an unprecedented wave of unrest to 102.
    (AFP, 9/18/10)

2010        Sep 19, In Indian Kashmir 3 people wounded during recent protests against Indian rule died ahead of a visit by a delegation of lawmakers seeking ways to defuse months of civil unrest. A 22-year-old woman was killed in Sopore town by security forces.
    (AP, 9/19/10)(AP, 9/20/10)

2010        Sep 20, A delegation of Indian lawmakers launched a mission in Kashmir to find ways of defusing months of deadly unrest, but their trip was immediately derided by the Himalayan region's separatists as a publicity stunt. Fresh protests erupted in Sopore town, a day after a 22-year-old woman was killed by security forces.
    (AP, 9/20/10)

2010        Sep 21, In Pakistan-held Kashmir a van carrying at least 30 schoolchildren plunged into a river, and most of the passengers were confirmed or feared dead.
    (AP, 9/21/10)

2010        Sep 25, The Indian government said it will ask authorities to release hundreds of students and youths detained during months of civil unrest that has left at least 107 people dead in Kashmir and review the massive deployment of security forces there.
    (AP, 9/25/10)

2010        Sep 26, Kashmiri separatist leaders rejected India's offer to release hundreds of young detainees and review the massive deployment of security forces in the Himalayan territory to defuse deadly civil unrest.
    (AP, 9/26/10)

2010        Oct 6, In Indian Kashmir 50 students arrested during months of deadly protests were released from custody in a latest move to defuse tension in the Himalayan region.
    (AP, 10/6/10)

2010        Oct 7, The assembly in Indian-controlled Kashmir erupted in violence when opposition lawmakers scuffled with security guards to protest a suggestion that only a deal between India and Pakistan could bring peace to the region.
    (AP, 10/7/10)

2010        Oct 24, Pakistani soldiers allegedly fired machine guns and rockets on an Indian military post killing an Indian soldier in the Poonch sector of Kashmir.
    (AP, 10/25/10)

2010        Nov 3, In Kashmir two clashes broke out in Srinagar between police and stone-throwing youths chanting pro-independence slogans. Police said government forces have killed seven suspected Muslim rebels in four gunbattles this week.
    (AP, 11/3/10)

2010        Nov 10, In Kashmir suspected Islamist rebels fatally shot two Indian paramilitary soldiers guarding a busy marketplace in Pattan town in India's portion of Kashmir.
    (AP, 11/10/10)

2010        Nov 29, In Indian Kashmir 3 suspected militants and a policeman were killed in a gunbattle in a busy market in Srinagar, as panicked locals ran for cover. Police said one of the slain militants was identified as Abdul Rehman, alias Naveed of Lashkar, a Pakistani national active in the area for the last four years.
    (AFP, 11/29/10)

2010        Dec 10, Police in Indian-controlled Kashmir arrested a college lecturer on charges he gave his students an English exam filled with questions attacking India's crackdown on demonstrations in the disputed region. The exam written by Noor Mohammed Bhat and administered to students across the region on Dec 8 included questions such as, "Are the stone pelters real heroes? Discuss."
    (AP, 12/10/10)

2010        Dec 15, In the Indian portion of Kashmir police fired tear gas and swung batons to disperse hundreds of Muslims participating in religious processions. At least six people were injured.
    (AP, 12/15/10)

2010        Basharat Peer authored “Curfewed Night: One Kashmiri Journalist’s Frontline Account of Life, Love and War in His Homeland."
    (Econ, 5/29/10, p.84)
2010        Kashmir’s population was about 11 million.
    (Econ, 1/1/11, p.35)

2011        Jan 14, In India a senior government official said the government will reduce its enormous military presence in the Kashmir region by 25% if anti-Indian violence there ends.
    (AP, 1/14/11)

2011        Jan 26, In Indian-controlled Kashmir thousands of police prevented a Hindu nationalist party and a separatist group from raising flags for their opposing causes in a central square to mark India's Republic Day.
    (AP, 1/26/11)

2011        Jan 31, In Kashmir attackers carrying automatic rifles whisked Arifa (17) and Akhtara (19) away from their home. Police say the men were rebels, though their mother, Fracha Begum, has said only that they were gunmen. Less than an hour later, police recovered their bodies riddled with bullets about a mile away. Residents seemed convinced the rebels killed the sisters for their alleged association with government forces deployed in the town.
    (AP, 2/16/11)

2011        Apr 8, In the Indian portion of Kashmir a blast outside a mosque killed Moulvi Showkat Ahmed Shah, the president of the religious group Jamiat-e-ahle Hadith. Police within weeks blamed the murder on factional rivalry, arrested three people and accused a top Lashkar-e-Taiba commander of helping the killers with explosives. In August Lashkar-e-Taiba released a report saying the group initially thought Indian forces and institutions had killed Moulvi Showkat Ahmed Shah to weaken rebel groups in Kashmir. It said members of an almost-defunct militant group, Tehreek-ul-Mujahideen, were involved in the killing.
    (AP, 4/8/11)(AP, 8/26/11)

2011        Apr 15, In Indian Kashmir suspected Muslim rebels shot dead Haseena Akhter, a woman candidate contesting village-level polls.
    (AFP, 4/16/11)

2011        Jun 24, India and Pakistan wrapped up a fresh round of peace talks in Islamabad without any breakthrough other than an agreement to meet again in New Delhi ahead of ministerial talks next month. They did agree to work on new nuclear confidence-building measures and expanded trade and travel across the ceasefire line dividing disputed Kashmir.
    (AFP, 6/24/11)(Reuters, 6/24/11)

2011        Jul 15, In Kashmir a handful of fighters, allegedly from Lashkar-e-Taiba, died in a shootout with Indian soldiers.
    (Econ, 7/23/11, p.38)

2011        Jul 22, In Indian-controlled Kashmir thousands hurled rocks and shouted anti-India slogans protesting in a remote village, after a woman told police she was abducted and raped by army soldiers stationed in the disputed Himalayan region.
    (AP, 7/22/11)

2011        Jul 27, An Indian army officer was shot dead in a battle with rebels along the de facto Kashmir border. The latest fighting came after Indian foreign minister S.M. Krishna and his Pakistani counterpart, Hina Rabbani Khar, outlined in New Delhi the countries' commitment to fight militancy, boost trade and sustain the peace process.
    (AFP, 7/28/11)

2011        Aug 3, Kashmiris shut down shops and businesses in a general strike to protest a man's death in police custody in the Indian-controlled portion of the disputed Himalayan region. Separatists called the strike to protest the July 31 death of a 28-year-old man just hours after he was picked up for questioning in connection with an unsolved murder.
    (AP, 8/3/11)

2011        Aug 7, Indian army and police claimed they killed a Pakistani commander of Lashkar-e-Taiba militants during a gunbattle in Poonch region of Kashmir. An investigation found the dead man was a local Hindu resident and mentally unsound. A soldier and police officer were arrested and investigated for murder.
    (AP, 8/8/11)

2011        Aug 20, Indian troops in Kashmir fought a deadly gunbattle with suspected rebels crossing the military Line of Control from Pakistani-controlled territory. One soldier and 11 suspected rebels were reported killed.
    (AP, 8/20/11)

2011        Aug 21, An Indian government report said hundreds of unmarked graves in Kashmir hold more than 2,000 bullet-riddled bodies that may include innocent victims, despite police claims that they were militants fighting Indian rule in the disputed Himalayan territory.
    (AP, 8/21/11)

2011        Aug 25, In Indian-administered Kashmir rebels threw grenades at paramilitary soldiers in two areas, killing two people and wounding 11 others.
    (AP, 8/25/11)

2011        Aug 29, Authorities in the Indian-controlled portion of Kashmir said they are dropping about 1,200 criminal cases against young Kashmiri men for allegedly throwing stones during violent protests against Indian rule last year.
    (AP, 8/29/11)

2011        Aug 31, Three Pakistani soldiers were killed and one Indian trooper was hurt in an exchange of fire by the rival militaries across their sensitive border in divided Kashmir.
    (AFP, 8/31/11)

2011        Sep 5, The state government in Indian Kashmir defended repeated house arrest orders imposed on Syed Ali Geelani, a top hardline separatist leader, saying he was responsible for inciting violence.
    (AFP, 9/5/11)

2011        Sep 13, In Indian-administered Kashmir at least 22 people were killed and 18 others injured when an overcrowded passenger minibus plunged into a deep gorge.
    (AFP, 9/13/11)

2011        Sep 16, The Jammu-Kashmir State Human Rights Commission broadened its investigation into unmarked graves in the Indian portion of Kashmir to include thousands more in two additional districts. Residents had claims of 3,844 unmarked graves at 208 locations in the remote districts of Rajouri and Poonch.
    (AP, 9/16/11)

2011        Sep 26, In Indian-controlled Kashmir fierce fighting erupted between rebels and government forces. 4 days of fighting left at least 9 people dead.
    (AP, 9/28/11)(AFP, 9/29/11)

2011        Oct 29, A state official said Indian-ruled Kashmir has approved amendments to the PSA, a tough law that allowed detention of people without trial for two years and the arrest of youths as young as 16. The amendments mean that no-one under 18 years of age will be detained under the act.
    (AFP, 10/29/11)

2011        Dec 4, In Srinagar, Kashmir, authorities used batons, tear gas and water canons to break up Muslim religious processions held in defiance of a strict curfew.
    (AP, 12/4/11)

2011        Dec 11, In Indian Kashmir a policeman was killed and a civilian injured when suspected Muslim militants opened fire. The region's senior minister escaped unhurt in the attack.
    (AFP, 12/11/11)

2011        Dec 14, Kashmiri shopkeeper Tariq Ahmad Bhat died two weeks after anti-India protesters allegedly beat him for refusing to close his store during a strike. Four people accused of beating him have been arrested.
    (AP, 12/15/11)

2011        Dec 24, In Kashmir Bashir Ahmed, a shopkeeper and member of the ruling pro-India National Conference, was shot in the head at close range in Srinagar. A group of paramilitary soldiers opened fire on each other inside a camp in Indian Kashmir, killing three soldiers.
    (AP, 12/24/11)(AP, 12/25/11)

2012        Jan 2, Security forces in Indian Kashmir opened fire and killed a protester during a demonstration by hundreds of residents angry about mid-winter power cuts.
    (AFP, 1/2/12)

2012        Jan 24, In Kashmir a huge avalanche buried seven Indian soldiers while they were clearing snow from an army supply road in the mountains near the cease-fire line.
    (AP, 1/24/12)

2012        Feb 11, In Indian Kashmir protesters blocked a main highway after a young man was shot dead by the army in what military officials described as an "accidental" shooting. Ashiq Hussain Rather (22) was killed the previous evening when a soldier accidentally fired his rifle as security forces combed the area for militants.
    (AFP, 2/11/12)

2012        Feb 22, In Kashmir at least 16 Indian soldiers on duty in the mountains were killed and three others were missing in massive avalanches.
    (AFP, 2/23/12)

2012        Mar 15, Kashmir scientists at Sher-i-Kashmir University said they have cloned a rare Himalayan goat, hoping to help increase the number of animals famed for their silky soft undercoats used to make pashmina wool, or cashmere.
    (AP, 3/15/12)

2012        Mar 22, In Indian Kashmir a suspected rebel died and 25 by-standers were injured when explosives that he was carrying in his car detonated by accident.
    (AFP, 3/22/12)

2012        Apr 7, In Pakistan 140 people, including 129 soldiers, were buried when the wall of snow engulfed a military complex on the northern tip of the divided Kashmir region.
    (AFP, 4/7/12)(AP, 12/1/12)

2012        Apr 18, Pakistan called for negotiations with rival nuclear power India over the disputed Siachen Glacier to the north of Kashmir, an apparent softening in attitude toward a neighbor with which it has fought three wars since 1947.
    (AP, 4/18/12)

2012        Jun 10, Hundreds of Kashmiris staged an emotional demonstration on the banks of a fast-flowing river to urge India and Pakistan to withdraw troops from the disputed Himalayan region.
    (AFP, 6/10/12)

2012        Jun 14, The Indian military said Pakistani forces killed one Indian soldier in firing across their disputed frontier in the Himalayan region of Kashmir.
    (AP, 6/14/12)

2012        Jun 25, In Indian Kashmir a major fire gutted a 200-year-old, revered Sufi Muslim shrine, sparking clashes between police and residents in the region's summer capital Srinagar. Nearly two dozen people were injured in the violence.
    (AFP, 6/25/12)

2012        Sep 5, It was reported that the government of Kashmir has rejected wide-scale DNA testing of bodies in thousands of unmarked graves despite pleas by the families of those who disappeared during two decades of fighting in the restive region.
    (AP, 9/5/12)

2012        Nov 30, In Pakistani Kashmir an avalanche killed five Pakistani soldiers and four civilians in the snow-covered Sharda sector in the Himalayan region of Kashmir.
    (AP, 12/1/12)

2013        Jan 6, Pakistan and India traded accusations of violating the cease-fire in the disputed northern region of Kashmir, with Islamabad accusing Indian troops of a cross-border raid that killed one of its soldiers and India charging that Pakistani shelling destroyed a home on its side.
    (AP, 1/6/13)

2013        Jan 8, An Indian army official said Pakistani soldiers crossed the cease-fire line in the disputed Himalayan region of Kashmir and attacked an army patrol, killing two Indian soldiers before retreating back into Pakistani-controlled territory.
    (AP, 1/8/13)

2013        Jan 10, Indian troops fired across the disputed Kashmir border and killed a Pakistani soldier, the third deadly incident in the disputed Himalayan region in recent days.
    (AP, 1/10/13)

2013        Jan 16, India and Pakistan agreed to ease tensions in disputed Kashmir after recent clashes there.
    (AP, 1/16/13)

2013        Feb 6, From Kashmir it was reported that the all-girl rock band Pragaash (First Light) has decided to disband following but one concert last December. The teenage members had received threats on social media and a top Muslim cleric.
    (SFC, 2/6/13, p.A3)

2013        Feb 9, In India Mohammed Afzal Guru, a Kashmiri man convicted in Dec 13, 2001, attack on India's Parliament that left 14 people dead, was hanged after a final mercy plea was rejected. Guru had confessed in TV interviews that he helped plot the attack, but later denied any involvement and said he was tortured into confessing. Protests broke out in at least four parts of Indian Kashmir, including the northwestern town of Sopore, which was Guru's home.
    (AP, 2/9/13)

2013        Feb 10, One person was killed as protests broke out in at least two parts of Indian-controlled Kashmir despite a strict curfew to prevent violence after the execution of a Kashmiri man convicted in a deadly 2001 attack on India's Parliament.
    (AP, 2/10/13)

2013        Feb 11, In Indian-controlled Kashmir 3 young people were left dead in violence despite a curfew that continued for a third day following the Feb 9 execution of a Kashmiri man convicted in a deadly 2001 attack on India's Parliament.
    (AP, 2/11/13)

2013        Feb 14, Indian troops shot and killed a Pakistani soldier who crossed the makeshift border separating Indian and Pakistani held Kashmir.
    (AP, 2/15/13)

2013        Jul 18, Indian paramilitary soldiers fired at protesters in the Kashmir region, killing 4 and wounding 40 members of a crowd demonstrating against what they said was the desecration of the Koran by Indian security forces.
    (Reuters, 7/18/13)

2013        Aug 6, Five Indian soldiers were killed in an ambush by militants and Pakistani soldiers along the disputed border in Kashmir.
    (Reuters, 8/6/13)

2013        Aug 11, India and Pakistan exchanged more gunfire across the disputed border in Kashmir.
    (Reuters, 8/11/13)

2013        Aug 15, In Kashmir two civilians, including a porter working for the Indian army, were reportedly wounded by Pakistani troops firing in Mendhar sector. Indian troops reportedly fired across the disputed border and wounding six civilians in the Kotli sector of Pakistan-held Kashmir.
    (AP, 8/16/13)

2013        Aug 19, Pakistani PM Nawaz Sharif called for better relations with India in a conciliatory gesture on national television after weeks of increased military activity along the two nations' disputed border.
    (Reuters, 8/19/13)

2013        Aug 21, The Pakistani military accused Indian troops of shelling across the disputed Kashmir border and killing an army captain, the latest in a series of alleged attacks over the past two weeks that have sparked tension between the nuclear-armed rivals.
    {pak, India, Kashmir}
    (AP, 8/21/13)

2013        Sep 4, Indian security forces nabbed Talib Lali, a commander of Hizbul Mujahideen, one of five militant groups at large in Kashmir.
    (Econ, 9/7/13, p.42)

2013        Sep 26, The Indian army said it had killed at least a dozen militants from a group of 30 it said had crossed over from Pakistan into northern Kashmir.
    (Reuters, 9/26/13)

2013        Oct 2, The Indian army said its troops have been battling dozens of armed rebels who have crossed over from Pakistan’s border of Kashmir. The army said 12 militants have been killed over the last nine days.
    (SFC, 10/3/13, p.A2)

2014        Feb 24, Indian soldiers killed 7 rebels in a gunbattle in the disputed Himalayan region of Kashmir.
    (AP, 2/24/14)

2014        Mar 3, In Indian-controlled Kashmir suspected rebels ambushed a police vehicle and killed two officers outside a court in Pulwama town.
    (AP, 3/3/14)

2014        Mar 7, Hundreds of people protested in the streets in Indian-controlled Kashmir over the expulsion of dozens of Kashmiri college students because they cheered for the Pakistani cricket team over India's.
    (AP, 3/7/14)

2014        Mar 12, In Kashmir unusually heavy snowfall unleashed avalanches overnight and collapsed homes, killing at least 14 people on both sides of the de-facto border between India and Pakistan.
    (AP, 3/12/14)

2014        Mar 28, In Kashmir at least three gunmen disguised as Indian soldiers opened fire on a car, killing a passenger and triggering a firefight with army troops in the Dayalchak area.
    (AP, 3/28/14)

2014        Apr 8, Indian government forces engaged suspected rebels in a fierce gunbattle overnight that left two rebels dead along with an Indian soldier and two police officers in Kashmir.
    (AP, 4/8/14)

2014        Apr 13, In Kashmir suspected rebels attacked a pro-India politician's house with a hail of bullets killing two police guards.
    (AP, 4/13/14)

2014        Apr 14, In Kashmir a nearly 20-hour gunbattle in Indian-controlled Kashmir ended after government troops killed two suspected rebels in Srinagar.
    (AP, 4/14/14)

2014        Apr 21, In India-controlled Kashmir suspected rebels gunned down two village elders and one victim's son in attacks that police said were aimed at scaring off voters in the country's general election.
    (AP, 4/22/14)

2014        Apr 24, In Kashmir Indian forces used tear gas and wooden batons to disperse scores of demonstrators who shouted anti-India slogans and threw rocks to protest against voting in national elections in the disputed region. Voter turnout was low.
    (AP, 4/24/14)

2014        Apr 26, In Indian-controlled Kashmir a fierce gunbattle over the last 24 hours left 3 suspected rebels and 2 Indian army soldiers dead.
    (AP, 4/26/14)

2014        Apr 29, Indian police and paramilitary officers said they have detained more than 600 Kashmiri residents over the last five days in a crackdown on suspected separatists ahead of voting in a general election.
    (AP, 4/29/14)

2014        Jun 12, In Kashmir bomb explosion killed an Indian army soldier and wounded three others close to the cease-fire line between longtime rivals India and Pakistan.
    (AP, 6/12/14)

2014        Jun 23, In Kashmir a protester was killed and four others were wounded when Indian government forces fired at demonstrators protesting the killing of a suspected rebel in an earlier gunbattle.
    (AP, 6/23/14)

2014        Jul 4, India’s newly elected PM Narendra Modi made his first official trip to Indian-controlled Kashmir, where separatist groups called a strike that shut shops, businesses and schools.
    (AP, 7/4/14)

2014        Jul 16, In Indian-controlled Kashmir an army truck collided with a taxi, outside Srinagar killing 7 people, including a pregnant woman, and triggering violent protests. An Indian border guard was killed by firing from Pakistani border officers.
    (AP, 7/16/14)

2014        Jul 18, Indian government forces used tear gas and wooden canes to disperse hundreds of Kashmiri workers who clashed with them at a sprawling camp for Hindu pilgrims heading for a Himalayan cave, leaving dozens of people injured.
    (AP, 7/18/14)

2014        Aug 6, Pakistani security forces arrested an Indian border guard for allegedly violating their de-facto border in the disputed Himalayan territory of Kashmir.
    (AFP, 8/8/14)

2014        Aug 11, Indian police accused Pakistan of injuring four people during overnight firing along their border in Kashmir, on the eve of PM Narendra Modi's visit to the disputed region.
    (AFP, 8/11/14)

2014        Aug 12, India’s PM Narendra Modi ahead of a visit to Kargil, Kashmir, said Pakistan was waging a "proxy war" in the disputed region.
    (AFP, 8/13/14)

2014        Aug 13, Pakistan dismissed as "baseless rhetoric" claims by Indian PM Narendra Modi that it was waging a "proxy war" in disputed Kashmir.
    (AFP, 8/13/14)

2014        Aug 23, India and Pakistan traded gunfire in the disputed Kashmir region, killing two villagers on each side and wounding several others.
    (AP, 8/23/14)

2014        Aug 30, In Kashmir suspected rebels clashed with Indian soldiers near the highly militarized cease-fire line dividing disputed Kashmir between India and Pakistan, killing one soldier and wounding another. At least 3 Indian soldiers and 5 Kashmiri militants had been reported killed in fighting over the past week in the mountainous Kupwara region.
    (AP, 8/30/14)

2014        Sep 4, In Indian-held Kashmir a bus carrying over 50 wedding guests was swept away by a flooded stream. All but 5 passengers were missing.
    (SFC, 9/5/14, p.A2)

2014        Sep 6, Authorities in northern India and Pakistan said more than 230 people have been killed in torrential monsoon rains which triggered flooding, landslides and house collapses. This included at least 155 people killed in both sides of Kashmir.
    (AFP, 9/6/14)

2014        Sep 9, The death toll from the heaviest rain to fall on Kashmir in 50 years rose to at least 420, including 217 on India’s side and 213 on the Pakistani side.
    (Reuters, 9/9/14)

2014        Sep 10, The death toll from the flooding in India and Pakistan climbed to at least 457. Thousands of people fled their homes in Pakistan as monsoon flooding that has already inundated the disputed Himalayan region of Kashmir coursed down onto the plains. Parts of Srinagar remained under two storeys of water for nearly three weeks.
    (AP, 9/10/14)(Econ, 12/13/14, p.41)

2014        Oct 6, In Kashmir tens of thousands of villagers fled their homes as Indian and Pakistani troops bombarded each other with gunfire and mortar shells over the border separating their portions of the disputed region. 9 civilians were killed.
    (AP, 10/6/14)(AP, 10/7/14)

2014        Oct 7, Indian and Pakistani troops fired bullets and mortar shells across the border between Kashmir and Pakistan for a second day, with both accusing the other of provoking the violence. Police in both countries said troops exchanged fire for hours overnight, killing a Pakistani man and injuring at least 22 others.
    (AP, 10/7/14)

2014        Oct 8, In Kashmir 5 more civilians were killed and thousands took refuge in camps in the disputed region after some of the most intense fighting between nuclear-armed neighbors Pakistan and India in a decade.
    (Reuters, 10/8/14)

2014        Oct 11, India and Pakistan exchanged gunfire across the Kashmir frontier, ending a pause in fighting that has already killed 17 civilians.
    (Reuters, 10/11/14)

2014        Oct 29, In Kashmir 2 suspected rebels were been killed in a fierce gunbattle near the heavily militarized line of control. An Indian army officer and a suspected rebel died a day earlier in the fighting.
    (AP, 10/29/14)

2014        Nov 5, In Indian-controlled Kashmir shops and businesses were closed and small protests broke out after separatists called a strike following the killings of two teenagers by army soldiers at a roadblock.
    (AP, 11/5/14)

2014        Nov 14, In the Indian-controlled portion of Kashmir 2 suspected rebels and a civilian were killed in a fierce overnight gunbattle.
    (AP, 11/14/14)

2014        Nov 20, In Kashmir Indian forces reportedly fired across the border into the Pakistan-administered portion of the disputed Himalayan region, killing a soldier.
    (AP, 11/21/14)

2014        Nov 25, Thousands of Kashmiris cast votes in state elections despite a boycott call by Muslim separatist groups that reject India's sovereignty over the disputed Himalayan region.
    (AP, 11/25/14)

2014        Nov 27, In the Indian-held portion of Kashmir heavily armed militants fought a fierce gunbattle with soldiers. 4 civilians were among the 10 dead.
    (AP, 11/27/14)

2014        Dec 2, Indian soldiers killed 6 militants near the border with Pakistan in Kupwara, northern Kashmir.
    (Reuters, 12/3/14)

2014        Dec 5, In India’s section of Kashmir a series of rebel attacks killed 21 people, including 8 Indian soldiers and 3 police officers. The rebels had crossed over from Pakistani territory.
    (AP, 12/8/14)(Econ, 12/13/14, p.41)

2014        Dec 31, Indian and Pakistani troops exchanged fire near the border that divides the disputed Himalayan region of Kashmir, leaving one dead on the Indian side and two wounded on the Pakistani side.
    (AP, 12/31/14)

2014        Rana Dasgupta authored “Capital: A Portrait of Twenty-First Century Delhi."
    (Econ, 3/1/14, p.84)

2015        Jan 5, Pakistani troops fired gunshots and mortar shells that killed an Indian soldier in northern Kashmir.
    (AP, 1/5/15)

2015        Jan 14, Indian troops killed a suspected rebel in a gunbattle in the northern Kashmir town of Sopore.
    (AP, 1/15/15)

2015        Jan 15, Indian soldiers and police killed five suspected rebels during a fierce gunbattle in the disputed Himalayan region of Kashmir.
    (AP, 1/15/15)

2015        Jan 27, In Kashmir a brief gunbattle between Indian government forces and suspected rebels killed two rebels and two troops.
    (AP, 1/27/15)

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