Return to homeKenya
GHIE Profile: http://220.127.116.11/HORN/kenya/kenya.html
Int'l. Exped.: http://www.ietravel.com/destafrkenyaculhis.html
Kenya Links: http://www.links2go.com/topic/Kenya
Upenn: http://www.africa.upenn.edu/Country_Specific/Kenya.html Kenya was also called British East Africa.
(SFEC, 7/26/98, p.T10) Kenya has 43 ethnic groups. The population in 1998
was 28 million. The country covered 220,000 square miles, about
twice the size of Nevada.
(SFC, 6/18/97, p.A8)(SFC, 8/8/98, p.A12)
The Bukusu are a Bantu speaking people. They were surrounded by the
Nilotic speaking Iteso, Sabaot, and Nandi. The Ndorobo were
hunter-gatherers. Other ethnic groups include: the Aweera, the
hunter-gatherer Dahalo, the Kamba, Waata, and Boni (Sanye); the
pastoral Orma and Somali; and the agricultural Malakote, Pokomo, and
Mijikenda. The Cushites were hunter gatherers and pastoralist.
(NH, 6/97, p.40,43)(SFC,12/26/97, p.B7)
Kiswahili is a native Bantu language.
(NH, 6/97, p.40)
9.8Mil BC In 2007 Researchers in
Kenya unveiled a 10-million-year-old jaw bone they believe belonged
to a new species of great ape that could be the last common ancestor
of gorillas, chimpanzees and humans. A Kenyan and Japanese team
found the fragment, dating back to between 9.8 and 9.88 million
years, in 2005 along with 11 teeth. The fossils were unearthed in
volcanic mud flow deposits in the northern Nakali region of Kenya.
6Mil BC In 2000 French researchers found bones in
the Rift Valley of Central Kenya that they called their Millennial
Ancestor and believed to be a direct precursor of humans. Dr. Martin
Pickford and co-discoverers named the fossil Orrorin tugenensis
(orrorin means original man in the Tugen language). The bones were
found in the Lukeino Formation of the Tugen Hills.
(SFC, 2/7/01, p.A10)(SSFC, 4/8/01, p.A12)(AM,
4Mil BC - 2Mil BC A crocodile that grew to over 27
feet lived in Kenya during this period. Fossilized remains were
reported in 2012.
(SFC, 5/9/12, p.A2)
c3.5 Million It was reported in 2001 that a new
flat-faced hominid skull found by Justus Erus of the Leakey group
near Kenya’s Lake Turkana dated to this time. Maeve Leakey named it
Kenyanthropus platyops, “the flat-faced man of Kenya."
(SFC, 3/22/01, p.A2)(AM, 7/01, p.24)
1.76Mil BC US and French researchers in 2011
identified Acheulian stone tools dating to about this time near the
shoreline of Kenya’s Lake Turkana.
(SFC, 9/1/11, p.A6)
1.6Mil BC Homo erectus found at Kenya’s Lake
Turkana (Koobi Fora) was dated to this time by Dr. Francis Brown of
the Univ. of Utah using chemical analysis of volcanic ash. Homo
ergaster, the "Turkana boy" skull from Nariokotome, Kenya, was
discovered in 1984. A team led by Richard Leakey unearthed hominid
bones date to this time at Nariokotome in West Turkana, in northern
Kenya. The skeleton of the 5-foot-3 Turkana Boy, who died at age 12,
was preserved in marshland before its discovery.
(NG, Nov. 1985, p.588)(NH, 4/97, p.71)(AP,
1.44Mil BC In 2007 Meave Leakey reported that a
Homo habilis jaw from Kenya, found in 2000, dated to this time. It
was the youngest ever found from a species that scientists
originally figured died off somewhere between 1.7 and 2 million
years ago. It enabled scientists to say that Homo erectus and Homo
habilis lived at the same time.
900,000BP In 2004 Scientists from the US, Britain
and Kenya reported that a skull fragment of a small adult with some
characteristics of Homo erectus was about 900,000 years old. It was
found in 2003 in Olorgesalie, 100 miles southeast of the capital,
100-200AD In East Africa coastal people lived in
village communities. They smelted and forged iron.
(NH, 6/97, p.42)
700-800 The village site of Galu produced the
world’s oldest crucible steel.
(NH, 6/97, p.44)
800-900 A timber mosque was built at Shanga.
(NH, 6/97, p.43)
1200-1300 The great palace and main mosque at Gede
(Gedi) were built.
(NH, 6/97, p.41)
1300-1400 Lamu Town on Lamu Island dates to at
least the 14th century.
(SSFC, 4/15/01, p.T6)
1300-1600 Tombs with decorated pillars called
phallic pillars by the locals are widespread among the Oromo of
Somalia and Kenya, where they symbolize manhood and indicate
(NH, 6/97, p.45)
1405 Admiral Zheng He, a Muslim
eunuch, led a Ming dynasty fleet with 28,000 men through Southeast
Asia to India and on to Africa and the Middle East. From 1405 to
1433 Zheng He led 7 voyages to promote trade and recognition of the
(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R51)(WSJ, 11/18/06, p.P11)(AP,
1418 A massive fleet led by
Ming dynasty admiral Zheng reached Malindi, Kenya. Kenyan lore later
told of shipwrecked Chinese sailors settling in the region and
marrying local women. In 2010 China and Kenya made plans to search
Chinese ships wrecked during a visit by Ming dynasty admiral Zheng
1498 Apr 7, Vasco da Gama,
Portuguese explorer, arrived at Mombasa, Kenya, where the Arabs
repelled him. He sailed on to Malindi and came to terms with the
local sultan, who supplied a pilot that knew the route to Calicut
(Kozhikode), the most important commercial port in Southwest India
at the time.
c1500 Gede was abandoned owing
to the salinization of the wells and external invasion. The
Portuguese arrived with little resistance.
(NH, 6/97, p.43,46)
1500-1700 Lamu Island, off the coast of Kenya, was
dominated by the Portuguese after which the Sultan of Oman made it
part of his kingdom.
(SSFC, 4/15/01, p.T6)
1810 Lamu Fort was built on
(SSFC, 4/15/01, p.T7)
1858 John Hanning Speke
(1827-1864), British explorer, became the first European to visit
Lake Victoria, Africa’s largest lake. Its shoreline touched Kenya,
Tanzania and Uganda.
1863 Feb 15, Samuel and
Florence Baker encountered John Speke and James Grant at the
frontier village of Gondokoro (southern Sudan). Speke and Grant said
they had found the Nile’s headwaters at a lake they named Victoria
(Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda).
(ON, 10/01, p.9)
1880-1940 This period in the colonial history of
Kenya was chronicled with a collection of photographs in 2008 by
Nigel Pavit in his book “Kenya: A Country in the Making."
(WSJ, 9/27/08, p.W11)
1891 Oct 20, Jomo Kenyatta,
Kenya opposition leader and 1st premier (1963-78), was born.
1895 Modern-day Kenya became
part of the British East African Protectorate.
(WSJ, 1/30/08, p.A18)
1895 Work began on a rail line
between Nairobi and Mombasa, Kenya, and became the Lunatic Express
from media speculation that the planners were insane. [see 1905]
(SSFC, 12/22/02, p.C4)(AP, 10/19/05)
1898 John Henry Patterson (29),
a British army engineer, was commissioned to oversee the
construction of a bridge for the Uganda Railway in British East
Africa (later Kenya). His job was to build a bridge over the Tsavo
River and finish laying rails for 30 miles on either side of Tsavo,
a stop on the old slave caravan route. Male lions killed about 30
mainly Indian laborers. By the end of the year Patterson killed 2
man eating lions. In 1907 he published “The Man-Eaters of Tsavo."
(ON, 10/20/11, p.7)(Econ., 2/28/15, p.39)
1899 When British engineers
were building a railway from the coastal town of Mombasa to what is
now Uganda, they chose the Masai's emergency watering hole as a
watering point for their steam engines and it eventually became
Nairobi, Kenya's capital.
1900 The population of Kenya at
this time was about 1 million.
(Econ, 6/9/07, p.50)
1900-1997 In 1999 Brian Herne of Kenya published
"White Hunters," an anecdotal history of safari hunting over this
(WSJ, 7/9/99, p.W10)
1902 The African
Standard was inaugurated at the completion of the East African
Railway from the Indian Ocean port of Mombasa to Lake Victoria. It
was launched by A.M. Jeevanjee, a Karachi-born trader. Jeevanjee
sold the paper in 1905 to two British businessmen, who changed the
name to the East African Standard and in 1910 moved its headquarters
to Nairobi. A few months before independence in 1963, the
British-based Lonrho Group bought the newspaper. In 1977, it became
a tabloid and the name was changed to the Standard. In 1995 Lonrho
sold its controlling interest to the Standard Newspapers Group
Limited, a company in which prominent Kenyan politicians are
believed to have considerable interests. The name was changed back
to the East African Standard.
1903 Aug 7, Louis Leakey,
anthropologist, archeologist and paleontologist, was born in Kenya.
He believed that Africa was the cradle of mankind.
1904-1911 In Kenya a deal between the British and
the Masai forced the pastoral people from their land in the western
(WSJ, 1/30/08, p.A18)
1905 Oct 19, Kiotalel arap
Samoei was murdered in Kenya's central Rift Valley. He led tribal
opposition to the construction of the so-called "Lunatic Express,"
the Kenya-Uganda Railway, from the Indian Ocean Port of Mombasa
through Nandiland in the Rift Valley to Lake Victoria. More than
12,000 people are believed to have been killed in a bloody 10-year
struggle over the railroad that began in 1895 when surveyors first
marked Nandi territory as a route for the tracks.
1907 The British forced the
abolition of slavery on the new Sultan of Zanzibar and Lamu Island
went into an economic decline.
(SSFC, 4/15/01, p.T7)
1910 Nov 24, Robert
Baden-Powell, who founded the scout movement in Britain in 1907,
organized the first scout meeting in Africa at a church in Nairobi.
1914-1931 Karen Blixen (1885-1962), Danish author,
lived on a farm near Nairobi, Kenya. Her lover was Denys
Finch-Hatton. She wrote under the name Isak Dinesen. The two were
featured in the 1985 film “Out of Africa" that starred Robert
Redford and Meryl Streep. The country was then called British East
(SFC, 6/17/98, p.E1)(SFEC, 7/26/98, p.T10)
1915 Under British law Africans
were declared “tenants at will of the Crown" and kicked off their
ancestral land. In Kenya’s Rift Valley the Kalenjins became
(WSJ, 1/30/08, p.A18)
1920 Kenya became a colony
under the British crown.
(SFC, 9/4/97, p.A10)(WSJ, 1/30/08, p.A18)
1924 Daniel arap Moi was born.
(WP, 6/29/96, p.A20)
1925 Kenya’s population was
about 2.6 million.
(Econ, 9/23/06, p.94)
1931 May 14, Denys
Finch-Hatton, British adventurer and lover to writer Isak Dinesen
(Karen Blixen), died when his plane crashed shortly after take-off
from Kenya’s Voi airport. In 2007 Sara Wheeler authored “Too Close
to the Sun: The Audacious Life and Times of Denys Finch Hatton."
1936 Mar 22, Roger Whittaker,
country singer (Durham Town), was born in Nairobi, Kenya.
1938 Karen Blixen (Isak
Dinesen) wrote her novel: “Out of Africa."
(SFEC, 11/3/96, BR p.5)
1941 Jan 24, Josslyn Victor
Hay, the 22nd Earl of Erroll, was shot to death in Kenya. He was
having an affair with Diana Delves Broughton. The story was covered
in a 1982 book “White Mischief" by James Fox, which was made into a
1988 movie. The BBC television drama The Happy Valley, first
transmitted on 6 September 1987, told the story of Erroll's murder,
as seen through the eyes of 15 year-old the Hon. Juanita Carbery,
daughter of Lord Carbery, to whom John Delves Broughton confessed
his guilt even before he was arrested. Alice de Janze committed
suicide not long after the acquittal Broughton. In 2010 Paul Spicer
authored “The Temptress: The Scandalous Life of Alice de Janze and
the Mysterious Death of Lord Erroll.
1944 Jan 19, Richard [Erskine
Frere] Leakey, anthropologist, was born in Nairobi, Kenya.
1952 In Kenya the Mau Mau
rebels of the Kikuyu tribe turned to force. The Mau Mau movement was
in part due to the white domination of the rich plateau region. The
Mau Mau separatist group used a toxic plant to poison 33 steers in
an act of rebellion. In 2004 David Anderson authored “"Histories of
the Hanged: The Dirty War in Kenya and the End of Empire." Caroline
Elkins authored “Imperial Reckoning: The Untold Story of the End of
Empire in Kenya."
(SFC, 9/4/97, p.A10)(WSJ, 9/18/01, p.B1)(Econ,
1952 British PM Winston
Churchill declared a state of emergency in Kenya and sent British
and African soldiers to help colonial administrators capture May May
fighters and send them to detention camps.
c1952 The film “Mogambo" was shot in Kenya. Bunny
Allen (d.2002 at 95), professional hunter, managed a 300-tent camp
for the actors and crew that included Clark Gable and Grace Kelly.
(SFC, 2/18/02, p.B6)
1952-1960 Some 32 white settlers were killed by
Mau Mau rebels in Kenya. More than 10,000 people were killed during
the Mau Mau uprising, with some figures going much higher. In 2011
four may Mau colleagues won court approval in Britain to sue the
British government over brutality they claim they suffered in the
(Econ, 1/1/05, p.66)(AFP, 7/21/11)
1953 Apr 8, Jomo Kenyatta
(1891-1978), one of modern Africa's earliest nationalist leaders,
was convicted by Kenya's British rulers for leading the Mau Mau
Rebellion against the white settlers of his country. Along with five
other Mau Mau leaders, he was subsequently sentenced to seven years'
1953-1958 In Kenya 1,090 Kikuyu were hanged by
British authorities due to the Mau Mau rebellion.
(Econ, 1/1/05, p.66)
1954 The British government
began making preparations for the country’s Independence.
(SFC, 9/4/97, p.A10)
1954 In Kenya British forces
allegedly used pliers to castrate Paulo Nzili, a Mau Mau rebel. He
survived the severe beatings which killed many other Mau Mau and in
2009 launched a bid with 4 others to win compensation from Britain
over claims they were tortured and unlawfully imprisoned during
Britain’s colonial rule.
1961 Sep 10, Jomo Kenyatta
returned to Kenya from exile, during which he had been elected
president of the Kenya National African Union.
1961 May 3, A British Colonial
Office telegram stated the general guidance for keeping papers out
of the hands of newly elected independent governments. Items should
be disposed of if they "might embarrass members of the police,
military forces, public servants or others eg police informers;
might compromise sources of intelligence" -- or might be used
"unethically" by incoming ministers. Under "Operation Legacy",
officials in Kenya, Uganda, Malaysia, Tanzania, Jamaica and other
former colonial territories were briefed on how to dispose of
documents that "might embarrass Her Majesty's government." This was
only made public in 2013.
1963 May 27, Jomo Kenyatta was
elected 1st prime minister of Kenya.
1963 Jun 1, Kenya assumed
internal self rule. This was later celebrated as Madaraka Day.
(SSFC, 5/25/14, p.P3)
1963 Dec 12, Kenya gained
independence from Britain and the Kenyan African National Union
Party (KANU) began ruling. Jomo Kenyatta, a Kikuyu, was the first
president and served until 1978. The Kikuyu and closely related Meru
and Embu groups comprised some 28% of Kenya’s people. Kenya’s
population at this time was under 8 million. This was later
commemorated as Jamhuri Day.
(SFC, 10/17/96, A8)(SFC, 7/1/97,
p.A9)(AP,12/12/97)(SFC,12/23/97, p.D4)(SFC, 8/8/98, p.A12)(Econ,
2/28/09, p.87)(Econ, 3/14/09, p.49)(SSFC, 5/25/14, p.P3)
1964 Dec 12, Kenya formally
became a republic. Its population at this time was about 8 million.
(SFC, 9/4/97, p.A10)(HN, 12/12/98)(Econ, 1/26/13,
1967 The East African Community
(EAC) of Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda established a common shilling.
The EAC lasted only a decade as cooperation fizzled. The project was
revived in 1999 and expanded in 2007 to include Burundi and Rwanda.
(WSJ, 1/13/98, p.A1)(Econ, 9/5/09, p.52)
1969 Jul 5, Tom Mboya (b.1930)
of Kenya’s Luo tribe was assassinated in Nairobi. He was the
expected successor to Pres. Jomo Kenyatta (1894-1978).
1971 Ngugi wa Thiongo, Kenyan
writer, published his novel “Petals of Blood." He was soon
imprisoned by the government of Pres. Daniel arap Moi for his
satire. Upon his release he went into exile and established himself
as an American academic.
(Econ, 8/19/06, p.70)
1971 In Kenya the Norwegian
government designed a fish processing plant at Lake Turkana to
provide jobs to the nomadic Turkana people. The plant was completed
and soon shut down due to high operating costs for the freezers in
(SFC, 12/21/07, p.A31)
1972 Oct 1, Louis Leakey
(b.1903), Kenyan archeologist and naturalist, died in London. He was
flown home and interred at Limuru, Kenya, near the graves of his
1972 In Kenya skull 1470 was
found by Bernard Ngeneo, a member of a team led by anthropologist
Richard Leakey, at Koobi Fora on the east side of Lake Rudolf (now
Lake Turkana) in Kenya. Its estimated age is 1.9 million years.
1973 In Kenya the Undugu
Society was founded to help needy children. In 2006 children on the
streets of Nairobi numbered in the tens of thousands.
1974 Nov 5, Jomo Kenyatta
(1894-1978), a Kikuyu, began his 3rd term as president of Kenya.
1977 Kamoya Kimenu, asst. to
Drs. Louis and Mary Leakey, and later to their son Richard Leakey,
was appointed curator of prehistoric sites for the National Museums
of Kenya. In Oct. 1985, the Nat’l. Geog. awarded him with the John
Oliver La Gorce Medal for accomplishment in geographic exploration.
(NG, Nov. 1985, edit.)
1977 Kenya banned all hunting.
Over the next 20 years a half to a third of the wildlife still
(WSJ, 7/23/96, p.A22)
1977 Wangari Maathai
established the Green Belt Movement in Kenya under the auspices of
the Maendeleo Ya Wanawake (National Council of Women of Kenya). The
movement organizes poor rural women in Kenya to plant trees,
combating deforestation, restoring their main source of fuel for
cooking, and stopping soil erosion.
1977 Kenya Airways began
(SFC, 1/31/00, p.A5)
1978 May 13, Henry Rono
(b.1952) of Kenya, running for Washington State Univ., set an NCAA
record for 3,000 meter steeplechase (8:05.4).
1978 Aug 22, In Kenya Pres.
Jomo Kenyatta (1963-1978), a leading figure in Kenya's struggle for
independence, died at age 83. He was succeeded by Vice President
Daniel Arap Moi of the Kalengin tribe, head of the Kenya African
(WUD, 1994, p.1691)(SFC, 6/18/97,
p.A8)(SFC,11/27/97, p.B6)(AP, 8/22/98)
1979 Elephant hunting was
banned in Kenya with the herd down to 1.3 million.
(SFC, 4/11/00, p.D2)
1980 Jan 3, Conservationist Joy
Adamson, author of "Born Free," was killed in northern Kenya by a
(AP, 1/3/98)(WSJ, 9/8/00, p.W4)
1980 Dec 31, A bomb blast
wrecked the Jewish-owned Norfolk Hotel in Nairobi, Kenya, killing 16
people and wounding more than 80.
1980 In Nairobi the Carnivore
Restaurant was established by Martin and Geraldine Dunford.
(SFEC, 6/20/99, p.T14)
1982 Aug 1, In Kenya there was
a coup attempt against Pres. Daniel arap Moi. Oginga Odinga, Kenya’s
1st vice-president, was implicated in the coup along with his son
Raila Odinga, who was put into solitary confinement for 6 years for
his alleged involvement.
1984 Feb, During a truth
commission in Kenya in 2011 human rights groups and residents said
up to 3,000 people died in February 1984 in a government-sanctioned
operation meant to crack down on ethnic Somalis who were holding
illegal weapons. The killings occurred at Wagalla airstrip, a town
some 310 miles (500 km) northeast of Nairobi.
1984 Kenya’s Equity Building
Society started operations as a check-cashing venture for farmers.
By 2012 half of all bank accoutns in the country were with Equity.
(Econ, 12/8/12, p.76)
1984 A team led by Richard
Leakey unearthed hominid bones at Nariokotome in West Turkana, in
the far northern reaches of Kenya. The skeleton of 5-foot-3 Turkana
Boy, who died at age 12, was preserved in marshland before its
1987 Nov 1, Ibrahim Hussein of
Kenya won the New York City Marathon in two hours, 11 minutes and
one second; Priscilla Welch of Britain led the women in two hours,
30 minutes and 16 seconds.
1987 Ngonya wa Gakonya founded
his Tent of the Living God, with an anti-Western creed based on
traditional rituals for age-based groups of the Kikuyu. The sect was
banned in 1990 and Gakonya was briefly jailed. The Mungiki was a
(SFC, 4/1/00, p.A12,14)
1987 The book "White Mischief"
(1982) by James Fox was made into a film starring Charles Dance and
Greta Scacchi. The book highlighted the free-spending, and often
alcoholic ways of much of the early colonial set in Kenya.
1988 Sep, Julie Ward was killed
in the Maasai Mara National Reserve. In 1998 game warden Simon ole
Makallah was arrested for the murder.
(SFC, 9/16/98, p.C2)
1989 May 11, Kenya announced
that it would seek a worldwide ban on the trade of ivory -- a move
intended to preserve its fast-dwindling elephant herds.
1989 Aug 20, British
conservationist George Adamson (83) was shot and killed by bandits
in Kenya. The husband of Joy Adamson was slaughtered at his Kora
wilderness preserve. In 2000 the TV documentary “To Walk with Lions"
dramatized his final days.
(AP, 8/20/99)(WSJ, 9/8/00, p.W4)
1989 Paleontologist Richard
Leakey founded the Kenya Wildlife Service.
(SFC, 9/1/04, p.A10)
1989 Kenya burned a vast pile
of elephant tusks in Nairobi National Park in an effort to curb the
killing of elephants.
(Econ, 2/8/14, p.60)
1990 Feb 12, Robert Ouko
(b.1931), Kenya’s foreign minister and member of the Luo tribe, was
murdered during his investigation of corruption charges against the
1990 Nov 4, Douglas Wakiihuri
of Kenya and Wanda Panfil of Poland won the New York City Marathon.
1990-1993 In Kenya’s "Goldenberg affair" millions
of dollars were paid for non-existent exports of gold and diamonds.
Some $600 million was secreted abroad and into the bank accounts of
numerous ministers and their friends. A firm called Goldenberg
International manipulated export compensation. A commission of
inquiry from 2003-2005 presented its report to Pres. Kibaki in 2006.
1990-2009 In Kenya the forests shrank during this
period by a at least 60%.
(Econ, 8/29/09, p.22)
1991 Foreign donors forced
Daniel arap Moi to agree to multiparty politics as a condition to
(SFC, 10/17/96, C2)
1991 Pres. Daniel Arap Moi
altered the constitution to insure his being elected. The winner was
required to take at least 25% of the vote in 5 of 8 provinces. Only
a party with a national base could thus win.
(SFC, 6/18/97, p.A8)
1991 Thousands of Bantus fled
Somalia for Kenya. In 1999 the US designated this group of people as
persecuted and eligible for resettlement in the US.
(NW, 9/2/02, p.35)
1991-1995 In Kenya an estimated 1500 were killed
and 300,000 forced from their homes in clashes between Pres. Daniel
arap Moi’s Kalenjin ethnic group and the Kikuyu, Luo and Luhya
tribes over this time.
(SFC, 6/19/97, p.A12)
1992 Apr 20, Defending champion
Ibrahim Hussein of Kenya became the sixth three-time winner of the
Boston Marathon, while Russia's Olga Markova won the women's
1992 Dec 29, Daniel arap Moi
(b.1924) was re-elected with 36% of the vote in the first multiparty
elections in Kenya in 26 years.
(SFC, 10/17/96, A8)(http://tinyurl.com/33kpow)
1992 In Kenya the Kakuma camp
was founded for some 30,000 refugees from Sudan.
(WSJ, 10/23/02, p.B1)
1992 In Kenya Rev. Angelo
D’Agostino (1926-2006) founded the Nyumbani orphanage for children
(SFC, 11/22/06, p.B7)
1992 The Kenya government
stopped licensing any new parties that applied for registration.
(SFC, 10/17/96, C2)
1992 In Rift Valley province
state security forces stood by as the Kalenjin and Kikuyu tribes
battled each other prior to the presidential elections. Ethnic
Kikuyus, Luhyas and Luos, who supported the opposition, were
attacked by members of Moi’s home province Kalenjin group.
(WSJ, 12/10/96, p.A22)(SFC, 9/4/97, p.A10)
1992 In Kenya three Somali
clans in the Wajir district -- the Ajuran, Ogaden and Degodia broke
out into war after the elections. More than 2,000 people were
1993 Jul 10, Kenyan runner
Yobes Ondieki became the first man to run 10,000 meters in less than
1993 Paleontologist Richard
Leakey lost his legs in a plane wreck.
(SFC, 9/1/04, p.A10)
1993 The Serengeti plain in
northern Tanzania and south-western Kenya experienced a devastating
(Econ, 12/1/12, p.88)
1993-1995 Some 50,000 flamingos died in the area
of Lake Nakuru.
(SFC, 3/20/00, p.A14)
1994 Apr 29, A ferry boat
capsized near Mombasa, Kenya, and 272 people were killed.
1994 Ayisi Makatiani, a student
at MIT, co-founded Africa Online with 2 Kenyan friends. It was
purchased by Prodigy and in 1998 underwent a management buyout. In
2000 it was purchased by African Lakes, an investment firm.
(Econ, 8/5/06, p.58)(http://tinyurl.com/j5nxk)
1995 Jul, Paleontologist
Richard Leakey began a new political party, Safina, as an
alternative to KANU (Kenya African National Union) and FORD-Kenya
(Forum for Restoration of Democracy).
(SFC, 10/17/96, A8)
1995 Ethnic riots continue for
a second day in Nairobi, capital of Kenya, between the Luos and the
(WSJ, 10/17/95, A-1)
1995 Pres. Daniel arap Moi
defended the Nigerian government in the hanging of Ken Saro-Wiwa.
(SFC, 10/22/95, P.5)(WSJ, 12/15/95, p.A16)
1995 In Kenya the three Somali
clans in the Wajir district -- the Ajuran, Ogaden and Degodia,
settled their differences in a peace agreement that led to the
formation of the Wajir Peace and Development Committee.
1995 German-Jewish writer
Stefanie Zweig (1932-2014) authored her autobiographical novel
"Nowhere in Africa.". The book retold the story of her family's time
in Kenya. A movie adaptation won an Oscar for Best Foreign Language
Film in 2003.
1996 May 22, Amnesty
International reported that Kenyan doctors were pressured to ignore
evidence of torture.
(SFC, 5/22/96, p.A9)
1996 Aug, A new rite was
instituted as an alternative to female circumcision. The “ntanira na
mugambo" (circumcision through words) rite included a week-long
counseling program capped by a “coming of age day."
(SFC, 9/16/98, p.A23)
1996 Dec 9, Archaeologist and
anthropologist Mary Leakey died in Nairobi, Kenya at age 83.
(SFC, 12/10/96, p.A6)(AP,12/9/97)
1996 Dec 18, Police killed 2
students who were protesting the killing of another student on the
(SFC, 12/19/96, p.C4)
1996 Wycliffe Olouch, head
librarian in the Garissa District, began using camels to bring books
to children in remote areas.
(SFC, 12/9/98, p.B3)
1997 Jan 5, The Daily Nation
reported that a man stole $1 million by impersonating a Citibank
bank employee. The money had been shipped from NY to a Kenyan
airport freight terminal at the Nairobi Int’l. Airport.
(SFC, 1/9/96, p.A12)
1997 Jan 25, It was reported
that mass starvation was threatening after a widespread draught this
(SFC, 1/25/97, p.A18)
1997 Feb 22, Wadih el-Hage, a
secretary to Osama bin Laden, returned to Kenya from Sudan.
(SFEC, 1/23/00, p.A24)
1997 Jun, The IMF froze $30
million in direct aid after the Moi administration dropped charges
against a group of KANU businessmen accused of defrauding the state
of about $500 million.
(SFC, 7/12/97, p.A11)
1997 Jun-Nov, A cholera
epidemic in Kisumu and other towns around Lake Victoria killed 200
people over this period due to contaminated drinking water. The
disease peaked in January after some 3,000 deaths across East
(SFEC,11/2/97, p.T14)(SFC, 1/22/98, p.E4)
1997 Jul 7, In Kenya 9 people
died during protests for constitutional reform.
(SFC, 7/8/97, p.A8)(SFC, 7/12/97, p.A10)
1997 Jul 9, Armed police shut
down the Univ. of Nairobi and clubbed students who demanded free and
(SFC, 7/10/97, p.C2)
1997 Jul 14, Thousands of
students fought riot police in Nairobi and demanded constitutional
reforms. Nairobi Univ. and Jomo Kenyatta Univ. were closed
(SFC, 7/15/97, p.A10)
1997 Aug 8, A nationwide strike
was called and declared illegal by the government. In Nairobi a
crowd of some 2,000 gathered and killed Gilbert Simiyu, a
plainclothes police officer. The strike turned into a riot with
(SFC, 8/9/97, p.C1)
1997 Aug 12, It was reported
that the World Bank joined the IMF in withholding credit due to
(SFC, 8/12/97, p.A1)
1997 Aug 14, Six officers and 7
civilians were killed in Mombasa when assailants burned down a
(SFC, 8/15/97, p.A17)
1997 Aug 19, Some 300 kiosks
were burned in Malindi.
(SFC, 8/21/97, p.A12)
1997 Aug 20, Police arrested 2
KANU politicians for instigating violence along the coastal region.
Karisa Maitha and Omar Masumbuko lent credence that KANU officials
were attempting to divert attention from the reformist movement.
(SFC, 8/21/97, p.A12)
1997 Aug 22, Armed marauders
attacked a church filled with some 2,500 refugees and killed 2
refugees and wounded a police guard in Linkoni.
(SFC, 8/23/97, p.A12)
1997 Aug 29, Thousands fled
from the Kenya’s Indian Ocean coast in fear of ethnic violence and
attacks from government security forces.
(SFC, 8/30/97, p.A12)
1997 Aug, Kenyan police with US
investigators raided the home of Wadih el-Hage and seized his papers
and computer. Hage was arrested a year later for his ties to Osama
bin Laden and terrorist conspiracy.
(SFEC, 1/23/00, p.A21)
1997 Sep 4, It was reported
that the unemployment rate was 35%.
(SFC, 9/4/97, p.A10)
1997 Sep 11, The Parliament
approved some constitutional reforms but opponents charged the
measures were only meant to diffuse protests. Detention without
trial was ended and greater media access to the opposition was to be
(WSJ, 9/12/97, p.A1)
1997 Oct 6, The government
refused to legalize the Safina (Swahili for ark) Party led by
(SFC, 10/7/97, p.A18)
1997 Oct 10, Riot police beat
up opposition members of parliament while Pres. Moi gave a speech on
“Moi Day," marking 19 years in power.
(SFC, 10/11/97, p.A10)
1997 Oct 13, Teachers ended a
12-day strike after the government agreed to a 200% raise. Their
salaries had averaged $35 per month.
(SFC, 10/14/97, p.A12)
1997 Nov 2, John Kagwe of Kenya
won the 28th New York City Marathon in two hours, 8 minutes and 12
(WSJ, 11/3/97, p.A1)
1997 Nov 7, Pres. Daniel arap
Moi signed a package of political and constitutional reforms that
make Kenya a multiparty democracy and provide residents greater
freedom of speech.
1997 Nov 10, Pres. Moi
dissolved parliament in preparation for general elections. The
National Convention Assembly denounced the move as illegal.
1997 Nov 26, The government
lifted a ban on the liberal Safina party.
1997 Dec 29, General elections
were scheduled. The law required the winner to receive 25% of the
vote. The elections were extended one day amid widespread delays and
confusion at the polls. Two people were killed during a riot near
(SFC,11/13/97, p.B2)(SFC,12/26/97, p.B7)(WSJ,
1997 Dec 31, Projected counts
indicated that Moi would win the elections with about 40% of the
vote. Former vice-president Mwai Kibaki had about 30%.
(SFC, 1/1/98, p.A17)
1997 Dec, In north-eastern
Kenya large numbers of cattle, goats and sheep began dying in
the Garissa district. A month later people began dying as the Rift
Valley Fever infected some 90,000 people. Hundreds died in 5
(Econ, 5/23/09, p.83)
1997 Oscar Kamau Kingara
(d.2009 at 37) set up a legal aid organization called the Oscar
Foundation to help poor Kenyans fight courts that favored the rich.
(SFC, 3/7/09, p.A2)
1997 Safaricom Ltd. was formed
as a fully owned subsidiary of Telkom Kenya. It grew to become the
leading mobile network operator in Kenya. In May 2000, Vodafone
group Plc of the United Kingdom acquired a 40% stake and management
responsibility for the company.
1998 Jan 5, Daniel arap Moi was
scheduled to be inaugurated as president after the elections gave
him 40% or 2,445,801 votes.
(SFC, 1/5/98, p.A12)
1998 Jan 16, The WHO
recommended that travelers take precautions against Rift Valley
Fever, a mosquito born disease that has killed 300 people.
(SFC, 1/17/98, p.A10)
1998 Jan 28, It was reported
that 77 people died in the month in attacks aimed at ethnic Kikuyus,
who opposed Pres. Moi’s re-election.
(WSJ, 1/28/98, p.A1)
1998 Feb 5, Pres. Moi imposed a
curfew on towns in the Rift Valley where over 100 people have died
in ethnic and political violence. Jomo Kenyatta Univ. in Nairobi was
closed following a protest against the violence.
(WSJ, 2/6/98, p.A1)
1998 Mar 26, A fire at a school
near Mombasa killed 25 teenage girls in their dormitory.
(WSJ, 3/26/98, p.A1)
1998 Apr 20, Moses Tanui of
Kenya won the 102nd Boston Marathon in 2 hrs, 7 min . and 43 sec.
(WSJ, 4/21/98, p.A1)
1998 May 15, Three African
nations, Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania, announced plans for an
economic, political and social union.
(SFC, 5/16/98, p.A11)
1998 May 16, Rwanda’s former
interior minister Seth Sendashonga (b.1951), a Hutu, was shot dead
in Nairobi, Kenya.
1998 Jul 8, It was reported
that elephant poaching had increased in Kenya.
(SFC, 7/9/98, p.A11)
1998 Jul 23, John Msafari, head
of the revenue collection authority, was ordered arrested along with
15 other officials and businessmen on charges of defrauding the
government of some $3.9 million.
(SFC, 7/24/98, p.D2)
1998 Jul 29, John Harun Mwau,
head of the anti-corruption authority, was suspended by Pres. Moi.
(SFC, 7/31/98, p.D2)
1998 Aug 7, Two powerful bombs
exploded at the US embassies in Nairobi, Kenya and Dar es Salaam,
Tanzania. At least 147 [244-247] people were killed and over 4,800
were injured. 11  of the dead were Americans. In Nairobi at
least 53 buildings were damaged. The adjacent Ufundi Cooperative
House was demolished and the 22-story Cooperative Bank House had all
its windows shattered. Haroun Fazil of the Comoros Islands was later
the 3rd bombing suspect to be charged in the Kenya bombing. Ali
Mohamed, a former US Army sergeant, was involved in the US Embassy
bombings. In 2000 he pleaded guilty for his role under the direction
of Osama bin Laden. In 2001 Mohamed Rashed Daoud Al-‘Owhali (24) of
Saudi Arabia, Khalfan Khamis Mohamed (27) of Tanzania, Wadi El-Hage
(40) of Texas, and Mohamed Sadeek Odeh (36) of Jordan were convicted
on 302 counts. In 2007 Walid Muhammad bin Attash told a military
tribunal at Guantanamo that he was responsible for organizing the
2000 Cole attack in Yemen as well as the 1998 bombings in Kenya and
Tanzania. In 2014 Adel Abdul Bary, a suspect in the bombings,
pleaded guilty to lesser charges of making threats against
(SFC, 8/8/98, p.A1)(SFEC, 8/9/98, p.A1)(WSJ,
9/18/98, p.A1)(AP, 8/7/99)(SFC, 10/21/00, p.A1)(SFC, 5/30/01,
p.A13)(SFC, 9/21/01, p.A1)(SFC, 3/20/07, p.A3)(SFC, 9/20/14, p.A5)
1998 Aug 7, Catherine Bwire
(25) was one of 25 people blinded by the bombing in Nairobi. She was
pregnant and gave birth to a daughter on Oct 27.
(SFC, 11/25/98, p.A16)
1998 Aug 7, In Pakistan Sadik
Howaida (34), later named as Mohammed Saddiq Odeh, was detained at
the Karachi airport. He reportedly confessed to participating in the
bombing in Nairobi. He said that he and 2 coconspirators had left
Nairobi and planned to enter Afghanistan a few days before the
bombing. He acknowledged that the team was recruited and financed by
Osama bin Laden who was ensconced in a fortress-style hideout in
Kandahar. Odeh later refused to admit responsibility to American
(SFEC, 8/16/98, p.A17)(SFC, 8/17/98,
p.12,17)(SFC, 8/18/98, p.A6)
1998 Aug 8, A group called the
Liberation Arm of the Islamic Sanctuaries claimed responsibility and
threatened more attacks. Israeli troops began to arrive to assist in
(SFC, 8/8/98, p.A1)(SFEC, 8/9/98, p.A1)(SFC,
1998 Aug 8, Pres. Clinton in
weekly radio address vowed the bombers of 2 US embassies in Africa
would be brought to justice, "no matter how long it takes or where
it takes us.''
1998 Aug 9, Americans, Kenyans
and Tanzanians held church and memorial services to mourn those
killed in bombing attacks on two U.S. embassies.
1998 Aug 18, FBI agents, acting
on a tip from Mohammed Saddiq Odeh, raided The Hilltop Hotel in
Nairobi and confiscated 175 pounds of TNT. The room was reported to
have been occupied by 2 Palestinians, a Saudi and an Egyptian from
Aug 3 to Aug 7.
(SFC, 8/19/98, p.A1)
1998 Aug 27, Two suspects in
the August 7 bombing of the US Embassy in Kenya were sent to the
United States to face charges. Mohamed Rashed Daoud al-'Owhali and
Mohammed Saddiq Odeh were convicted in 2001 of conspiring to carry
out the bombing; both were sentenced to life in prison.
1998 Sep 7, In Kenya the
Central Bank took closed the Reliance Bank due to insufficient
deposits. Five businessmen and 4 officials were charged with fraud.
(WSJ, 9/21/98, p.A22)
1998 Sep 17, In Kenya the
Central Bank took over the Trust Bank due to insufficient funds, the
2nd closure in 10 days.
(WSJ, 9/21/98, p.A22)
1998 Sep, Richard Leakey was
asked by Pres. Moi to head Kenya’s wildlife services. In Oct. Leakey
resigned from parliament to spend full time with the wildlife
(SFC, 10/28/98, p.A12)
1998 Oct 5, In Kenya teachers
went on a nationwide strike over failed pay raises. 7 million
students were idled.
(SFC, 10/6/98, p.A12)
1998 Nov 1, John Kagwe of Kenya
won the NY Marathon in 2:8:45. Franca Fiacconi of Italy won among
the women in 2:25:17.
(WSJ, 11/2/98, p.A1)
1998 Kenya’s population at this
time was about 28 million.
(SFC, 8/8/98, p.A12)
1999 Jan 19, From Kenya it was
reported that Pres. Daniel arap Moi ordered the prohibition of new
(SFC, 1/19/99, p.A6)
1999 Feb 1, In Nairobi, Kenya
students protested for a 3rd day against plans for construction in a
(SFC, 2/2/99, p.A10)
1999 Feb 3, It was reported
that Kenyan fisherman were using toxic agricultural chemicals
instead of nets to increase their catch and income from $8 to $240.
The idea supposedly originated in Uganda. Some fishermen were
arrested and beaches were closed.
(SFC, 2/3/99, p.A9)
1999 Feb 16, Turkish commandoes
captured Abdullah Ocalan in Kenya.
(SFC, 2/17/99, p.A1)
1999 Mar 24, In Kenya a train
enroute to Mombasa derailed at high speed in Tsavo East National
Park and at least 32 people were killed.
(SFC, 3/25/99, p.A9)
1999 Apr 14, The US pledged $37
million to help the Kenyan victims of the 1998 US Embassy bombing in
(SFC, 4/15/99, p.A15)
1999 Apr 19, The 103rd Boston
Marathon was won by Joseph Chebet of Kenya in 2h:9m:52s. Fatuma Roba
of Ethiopia won the women's category in 2:23:25.
(WSJ, 4/20/99, A1)
1999 May 29, It was reported
that army worms had destroyed over 247,000 acres in Kenya alone and
that Burundi and Rwanda were also infested.
(SFC, 5/29/99, p.A4)
1999 Jul, An estimated 3,000
members of the 28,000 member Mukurwe-ini Coffee Growers Cooperative
took up arms in an effort to split and sell directly to bean millers
due to alleged corruption. Farmers were lucky to see 6 cents per
pound for beans that sold fort $1.06 to $1.16 per pound on the
(SFC, 11/26/99, p.B5)
1999 Sep 23, In Kenya police
reported that 23 people in Embu were killed by methanol liquor
disguised as whiskey.
(SFC, 9/24/99, p.A14)
1999 Sep 30, In Kenya Catholic
bishops issued a pastoral letter that warned of civil arrest due to
corruption, poverty and other problems. Pres. Moi was blamed for
stalling constitutional reform.
(SFC, 10/1/99, p.D4)
1999 Oct 2, It was reported
that the flamingos of Lake Nakuru had migrated away to other
locations. Environmental stress from industrial refuse and other
wastes was blamed. Fluctuating salinity was also suspect in that
flamingoes feed on the algae spirulina platensis, which blooms in
saline waters. It was later reported that tens of thousands of
flamingos on Lake Bogoria had died since July due to heavy metals.
Flamingo deaths in 2000 were estimated at 600 per day.
(SFC, 10/2/99, p.A9)(SFC, 3/4/00, p.A8)(SFC,
1999 Oct 22, US Sec. of State
Albright visited Kenya and discussed efforts to curb AIDS which was
claiming 500 Kenyans a day.
(SFC, 10/23/99, p.A11)
1999 Oct 30, In Kenya it was
reported that thousands of residents were feared to have been
exposed to radiation from a thorium compound used in roadway
construction materials in Msambweni
(SFC, 10/30/99, p.A8)
1999 Kenya's census found the
country's population at 28.7 million, but it did not make public the
figures about ethnicity.
1999 The US designated the
Somali Bantus in Kenya as persecuted and eligible for resettlement
in the US.
(NW, 9/2/02, p.35)
2000 Jan 16, Prince Ernst
August of Hannover (b.1954), a great-grandson of the last German
emperor, Wilhelm II, slapped hotel owner Josef Brunlehner on Lamu
Island, Kenya, allegedly as a symbolic reproach over noise from a
disco. He was pursued in Germany where the law allows prosecutors to
charge citizens who commit crimes abroad. August was convicted in
2004 and fined $633,000. In 2010 August was retried on charges of
causing serious bodily harm. On march 9, 2010, a German judge
sentenced Prince August to pay a fine of euro200,000 ($270,000)
after convicting him for the decade-old altercation.
(AP, 1/13/10)(SFC, 1/14/10,
2000 Jan 24, In Uganda members
of the Karamojong tribe attacked and killed 14-100 herders from
Kenya's Pokot tribe in the northern Moriat Hills.
(SFC, 1/28/00, p.A15)
2000 Jan 30, A Kenyan Airbus
310 crashed into the sea after takeoff from Abidjan, Ivory Coast.
Kenya Airways Flight 431 carried 179 people. 10 survivors were
pulled from the water.
(SFC, 1/31/00, p.A1)(WSJ, 1/31/00, p.A1)
2000 Mar 18, It was reported
that some 10,000 cattle, 25,000 camels and 20,000 goats had starved
to death over the last 3 months. 2 million people face famine and 20
died in the last 2 weeks in the Wajir district.
(SFC, 3/18/00, p.C16)
2000 Mar 29, In Kenya at least
101 people were killed when a speeding bus collided with another bus
in Kericho. The death toll was reduced to 74.
(SFC, 3/30/00, p.A18)(SFC, 3/31/00, p.E4)
2000 Apr 17, Elijah Lagat of
Kenya won the 104th Boston Marathon. Catherine Ndereba of Kenya won
the women’s race.
(WSJ, 4/18/00, p.A1)
2000 Apr, Nearly 200 lions were
culled from the Aberdare National Park in an effort to protect the
bongo antelope population from extinction.
(SFC, 4/29/00, p.A11)
2000 Jun 17, An ongoing drought
was reported to have caused hungry baboons into villages in search
of food. A crop failure for the 3rd consecutive year placed 22
million Kenyans on the brink of starvation.
(SFC, 6/17/00, p.D8)
2000 Jul 21, It was reported
that the drought in Kenya had caused water and electricity rationing
in Nairobi and an appeal to the UN for $88 million to feed 3.3
million people. 13 million people in 6 countries around the Horn of
Africa were at risk of starvation.
(SFC, 7/21/00, p.B7)
2000 Aug 20, In Kenya 16 people
were killed after 9 runaway train cars carrying liquefied gas
derailed and exploded at the Athi River station. 9 of 37 injured
died soon after.
(SFC, 8/21/00, p.A10)(SFC, 8/22/00, p.A12)
2000 Aug 24, John Kaiser (67),
an American priest of the Society of St. Joseph, was found shot to
death near Naivasha, Kenya. Kaiser was critical of the government’s
human rights record. In 2007 a Kenyan court ruled that his death was
(SFC, 8/25/00, p.D7)(AP, 8/11/03)(AP, 8/1/07)
2000 Sep 4, It was reported
that Tiomin Resources, a Canadian mining firm, planned to build a
$150 million strip mine at a 6,000-acre site at Kwale, 39 miles
south of Mombasa. Some 5,000 small farmers were to be affected.
Tiomin was offering deeded owners $115 an acre and $25 per year for
use of the acre. A 20-year production run was planned to start in
(SFC, 9/4/00, p.A8)
2000 Sep 18, It was reported
that Kenya was losing 50,000 ebony trees annually due to the
thriving wood-carving industry. An estimated 80,000 carvers used the
(SFC, 9/18/00, p.A8)
2000 Nov 16, Officials reported
that 68 people had died over the last 2 days from home-brewed
alcohol laced with high-octane fuel and mentholated spirit. The toll
was raised to 113 a day later.
(SFC, 11/17/00, p.D2)(SFC, 11/18/00, p.C16)
2001 Jan 15, In East Africa the
presidents of Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda formed a regional
partnership, reviving one that collapsed in 1978.
(SFC, 1/16/01, p.A10)
2001 Mar 6, In Kenya the 1st
experimental AIDS vaccine, specifically designed for Africa, was
(SFC, 3/7/01, p.A10)
2001 Mar 26, A dorm fire at the
Kyanguli Secondary School in Machakos killed 58 youths. One of 2
doors was bolted shut and arson was suspected. The toll soon rose to
64 as more students died from burns.
(SFC, 3/27/01, p.F1)(SFC, 3/30/01, p.D4)
2001 Apr 1, A bus rammed a
vehicle on a bridge and both plunged into the Sabaki River. At least
35 people were killed.
(SFC, 4/14/01, p.A10)
2001 Apr 16, Lee Bong Ju of
South Korea won the men’s Boston Marathon in 2:09:43. Catherine
Ndereba of Kenya won among the women in 2:23:53.
(WSJ, 4/17/01, p.A1)
2001 May 26, Sec. of State
Colin Powell met with Pres. Daniel arap Moi of Kenya and urged to
step aside for the 2002 elections.
(SSFC, 5/27/01, p.A12)
2001, Aug 25, It was reported
that Eric Wainaina (27), singer, had a hit with his song “Nchi Ya
Kitu Kidogo," Kiswahili for “The Country of Something Small," a
reference to bribes and corruption.
(SFC, 8/25/01, p.A8)
2001 Nov 4, Tesfaye Jifar of
Ethiopia won the NYC Marathon in record time, 2:07:43. Margaret
Okayo of Kenya set a woman’s record of 2:24:21.
(WSJ, 11/5/01, p.A1)
2001 Dec 10, In Kenya Sheikh
Ahmed Salim Swedan, an al Qaeda operative, was arrested in Mandera
near the Somalia border for involvement in the Aug 7, 1998 US
(SFC, 12/11/01, p.A13)
2002 Mar 3, In Kenya the
Taliban gang (Kikuyu) killed 2 members of the Mungiki gang (Luo).
The violence in east Nairobi left at least 20 people dead.
(SFC, 3/5/02, p.A7)
2002 Apr, The government ended
an air traffic controllers’ strike by firing them.
(SSFC, 4/21/02, p.C7)
2002 May 8, The parliament
approved an Amended Books and Newspapers Act that made it illegal to
sell publications that had not been submitted to the government for
(SFC, 5/10/02, p.A20)
2002 Jun, A Masai village
donated 14 cows to the US after belatedly hearing of the Sep 11
(SSFC, 6/9/02, p.A15)
2002 Jul 13, Police in northern
Kenya opened fire on protesters outside a U.N. refugee camp, killing
2002 Jul 19, Kenyan police
fired tear gas to disperse university students protesting in
downtown Nairobi in a second day of rioting over the shooting death
of a student.
2002 Jul 19, Britain's
government said it would pay $7 million in compensation to more than
220 Kenyans who say they are victims of unexploded ammunition left
behind by British troops.
2002 Oct 14, In Kenya Pres. Moi
anointed Uhurru Kenyatta (41), the son of former 1st Pres. Jomo
Kenyatta, as his successor. Tens of thousands gathered to protest
(SFC, 10/15/02, p.A9)
2002 Oct 24, In Kenya would-be
carjackers shot and killed Esterlin Abdi Arush (45), a Somali human
rights activist, at the gate of the house where she was staying in
2002 Oct 25, In Kenya Pres.
Daniel arap Moi announced the end of his 24-year rule, dissolved
parliament and kicked off the campaign for a new elections.
(SFC, 10/26/02, p.A6)
2002 Nov 3, The NYC marathon
was won by Rodgers Rop of Kenya in 2:08:06; Joyce Cehpchumba of
Kenya won the women’s title in 2:25:55.
(WSJ, 11/4/02, p.A1)
2002 Nov 28, In Kenya 3 suicide
bombers attacked an Israeli-owned hotel, killing 13 other people.
Gunmen fire two MANPADS at a Boeing jet carrying 271 passengers and
crew as it took off from Mombasa, Kenya. Both missiles missed.
(AP, 11/28/02)(SFC, 11/29/02, p.A1)(SFC,
11/30/02, p.A1)(AP, 6/11/13)
2002 Dec 5, Kenya’s Pres. Moi
and Ethiopian PM Meles Zenawi met at the White House with Pres. Bush
to discuss terrorism as well as drought, AIDS and other problems
2002 Dec 27, In Kenya political
veteran Mwai Kibaki (71), head of an opposition alliance that
promised to fight corruption and revive Kenya's ailing economy, won
the elections over Uhuru Kenyatta 62% to 31%. The opposition
alliance won 125 of 210 elective seats in the National Assembly,
breaking the ruling party's 39-year grip on power. Kibaki promised
to curb corruption.
(AP, 12/28/02)(SFC, 12/28/02, p.A11)(AP,
1/2/03)(Econ, 12/18/04, p.65)
2003 Jan 6, In Kenya 12 people
were killed when members of the outlawed Mungiki sect attacked
minibus operators over control of bus stops in Nakuru, 84 miles
northwest of Nairobi. 38 people were soon arrested.
2003 Jan 17, In Kenya informer
William Mwaura Munuhe (27) was found dead at his home in the
affluent Nairobi suburb of Karen, two days after the U.S. Embassy
and Kenyan police tried to trap genocide suspect Felicien Kabuga.
2003 Jan 24, A plane carrying
members of Kenya's new government crashed, killing one minister, two
pilots and injuring at least three other members of the government.
2003 Feb 25, In Kenya
Pres. Mwai Kibaki ordered the release of 28 death row inmates and
commuted the death sentences of another 195 inmates to life in
prison, following his campaign pledge to reform Kenya’s prison
2003 Mar 3, In Kenya US
diplomats opened a new embassy in Nairobi, replacing the one
destroyed 4 ½ years ago when terrorists launched attacks.
2003 May 4, In Kenya floods
caused by two weeks of heavy rain have washed out roads and
submerged entire villages, killing at least 30 people and forcing
thousands from their homes.
2003 May 15, Britain cancelled
all flights to and from Kenya following US warnings of a possible
(SFC, 5/16/03, p.A12)
2003 May 26, Thomas R. Odhiambo
(72), the Kenyan scientist who founded an int'l insect research
center renowned for giving African farmers low-cost solutions for
pest control, died. He founded the African Academy of Sciences
2003 Jun 3, Police in Nairobi,
Kenya, said a landlord's thugs had hacked 9 people to death in a
campaign to drive out shanty tenants and raise rents.
(WSJ, 6/4/03, p.A1)
2003 Jul 2, A group of 650
Kenyan women won the right to sue the British Ministry of Defense
for rapes by British soldiers that took place over a 26 year period
beginning in 1977.
(SFC, 7/3/03, p.A14)
2003 Jul 19, In Kenya a
twin-engine plane carrying 12 American tourists and two South
African crew members en route to a game reserve crashed into Mount
Kenya, apparently killing everyone on board.
2003 Aug 1, In Kenya a
terrorist suspect detonated a hand grenade as he was being arrested
near Mombasa's central police station, killing himself and a
2003 Aug 19, It was reported
that women in Kenya had begun rebelling against a traditional
"cleansing" ritual whereby new widows were required to sleep with a
designated "cleanser" in order to be inherited by male relatives and
freed of haunting spirits.
(SFC, 8/19/03, p.A10)
2003 Aug 23, Michael Kijana
Wamalwa (58), Kenya's 8th Vice President, died of an undisclosed
illness after several months of treatment in a hospital near London.
2003 Aug, Odhiambo Mbai, Kenya
political scientist, was assassinated. He was a key man in efforts
to redraft the constitution.
(Econ, 10/11/03, p.50)
2003 Sep 15, In Kenya gunmen
burst into the home of a senior delegate to a constitutional
convention and shot him to death.
2003 Oct 6, Pres. Bush met with
Kenya's Pres. Kibaki, who asked for help in stabilizing Somalia.
(WSJ, 10/7/03, p.A1)
2003 Oct, In Kenya Pres. Kibaki
suspended half of the 12-man appeal court and 17 of the high court's
44 judges. 82 or the country's 254 magistrates were also sent home.
An official inquiry revealed that some judges had specific charges
for favorable verdicts. Replacements were chosen by members of the
"Mount Kenya Mafia," a group of ministers and mates from the
president's Kikuyu tribe.
(Econ, 11/29/03, p.44)
2003 Nov 4, Kenyan-born former
physicist M.G. Vassanji was awarded this year's Giller Prize,
Canada's most glamorous and lucrative literary award. He took home
C$25,000 prize for his novel, "The In-Between World of Vikram Lall."
2003 Nov 11, It was reported
that the 1st issue of Kwani (So What) magazine, edited by Binyavanga
Wainaina (32), was launched as a quarterly journal of Kenyan
(SFC, 11/11/03, p.D9)
2003 Dec 4, In Kisumu, Kenya,
Tommy Thompson, US Sec. of Health and Human Services, dedicated a
new $6.4 million field laboratory to be operated by the CDC. It was
the largest of its kind in Africa. The local TB and malaria rates
were among the highest in the world.
(SFC, 12/5/03, p.A5)
2003 Kenya launched a free
primary school education program. It soon earned praise across the
world as more than 1 million children who had never been to school
2004 Jan 8, In Kenya a new
agreement, between the Ministry of Education and the country's
largest and oldest orphanage for HIV-positive children, allowed a
group of children infected with the virus that causes AIDS to attend
2004 Feb 7, In northern Kenya
tribal fighting between cattle rustlers and herdsmen killed at least
13 people, including three children.
2004 Feb 19, In Kenya a fire
raced through a Nairobi slum, destroying hundreds of ramshackle tin
and timber houses and leaving 4,500 families homeless.
2004 Apr 19, In the Boston
Marathon Timothy Cherigat of Kenya won for the men at 2:10:37;
Catherine Ndereba of Kenya won for the women at 2:24:27.
(WSJ, 4/20/04, p.A1)
2004 Apr, Pres. Kibaki’s
government announced that Kenya would no longer recognize Somali
(Econ, 6/12/04, p.46)
2004 Aug 1, A Kenyan government
spokesman said 7 truck drivers taken hostage in Iraq have been
2004 Aug 11, Ngugi wa Thiongo
(b.1938), exiled Kenyan writer, was accosted by assailants during a
return trip to Nairobi. His face was burned with cigarettes and his
wife was raped.
2004 Sep 28, Kenya said it will
push for an international ban on trade in lion trophies and skins,
expressing concern that the African lion is "under threat."
2004 Oct 8, Wangari Maathai
(64) of Kenya won the 2004 Nobel Peace Prize. During the 1980s and
1990s, she also campaigned against government oppression and founded
Kenya's Green Party in 1987. She was repeatedly arrested and beaten
for protesting former President Daniel arap Moi's environmental
policies and human rights record. In 1991 Maathai won the Goldman
(AP, 10/8/04)(SFC, 10/9/04, p.A14)
2004 Nov 18, The UN Security
Council opened an extraordinary two-day session in Nairobi, the
first outside its New York headquarters in 14 years. Sudan topped
the agenda. Great Lakes regional foreign ministers approved a pact
for greater cross-border cooperation and confidence-building. It was
due to be adopted at a summit in Dar es Salaam.
(AP, 11/18/04)(AP, 11/19/04)
2004 Nov 19, Rebel officials
and the Sudanese government committed themselves to ending the
21-year civil war in southern Sudan before January, signing an
agreement at a special meeting of the UN Security Council in Kenya.
2004 Nov 19, UN Secretary
General Kofi Annan urged leaders of Africa's blood-soaked Great
Lakes region to implement a peace plan that could herald a "new era"
for millions of Africans.
2004 Nov 29-Dec 3, Kenya hosted
a conference on landmines in Nairobi. An estimated 40 people per day
were killed by landmines. 144 countries had signed the 1997 Ottawa
treaty banning landmines, but China, Russia, Pakistan, India and the
US still refused to sign.
(www.reviewconference.org/)(Econ, 12/4/04, p.46)
2004 Kenyan MPs awarded
themselves an average $169,625 a year in salary. The average Kenyan
income was $400.
(Econ, 12/18/04, p.65)
2005 Jan 1, Kenya was forecast
for 3.7% annual GDP growth with a population at 33.3 million and GDP
per head at $360.
(Econ, 1/8/05, p.94)
2005 Jan 29, In northern Kenya
fighting over the last 2 weeks between the Garre and Murule clans
forced 30,000 people to flee and left 30 people dead. Recent
fighting between Masai and Kikuyu left 10-30 people dead.
(Econ, 1/29/05, p.46)
2005 Feb 7, John Githongo,
Kenya president's adviser on corruption, stepped down. The US in
response quickly suspended $2.5 million in funding for
anti-corruption work. He fled to Oxford Univ. after receiving death
(AP, 2/11/05)(Econ, 1/28/06, p.45)
2005 Apr 18, The Boston
Marathon was won by Hailu Negusie of Ethiopia, 2:11:45; Catherine
Ndereba of Kenya led the women, 2:25:13.
(WSJ, 4/19/05, p.A1)
2005 Jun 25, In Kenya 24 people
were killed after drinking an illegal brew laced with industrial
alcohol. By the next day death toll climbed to 49 with 174 people
(AP, 6/26/05)(SFC, 6/27/05, p.A3)
2005 Jul 12, A raid by hundreds
of Ethiopian bandits on a remote village in northern Kenya, left at
least 45 people dead, including more than two dozen children. Kenyan
security forces pursued the bandits, who numbered between 300 and
500, and killed 16 of them.
2005 Jul 13, In Kenya in an
apparent revenge attack, men believed to be from the Gabra tribe
killed 10 members of the rival Borana tribe as they were being
driven to a seminar in Marsabit, 250 miles northeast of Nairobi.
2005 Jul 14, In central Kenya
Luigi Locati (b.1928), the bishop of Isiolo diocese, was shot to
death in what appeared to be an attempted robbery. Five men shot and
killed the Bishop after a row over cash donated to the Isiolo
diocese. In 2014 Father Waqo Guyo was named as the mastermind of the
plot. He and four others were sentenced to death on Nov 6, 2014.
(AP, 7/15/05)(AFP, 11/6/14)
2005 Jul 20, In Kenya riot
police beat demonstrators with truncheons and fired tear gas
canisters as protests in Nairobi persisted over proposed
constitutional amendments that critics say leave the president with
too much power.
2005 Jul 26, John Goldson (69),
a prominent British hotelier, was killed in Kenya’s central Rift
Valley when he went to investigate a break-in by about seven gunmen
at the lodge outside Naivasha, some 90 kilometers (55 miles)
northwest of Nairobi. In 2006 police arrested Ibrahim Abdi Noor,
believed to be the leader of the gang that shot and killed Goldson.
2005 Jul, Britain banned
Kenya’s minister Chris Murungaru from visiting Britain. No reason
was given but allegations of corruption in Kenya were believed to be
a major factor.
(Econ, 8/13/05, p.38)
2005 Oct 14, A consortium led
by South Africa’s Sheltam Trade Close won the privatization bid for
the rail line linking Mombasa, Kenya, and Kampala, Uganda. Nicknamed
since 1895 as the “lunatic express," it was renamed the Rift Valley
(Econ, 10/22/05, p.68)
2005 Nov 6, Paul Tergat of
Kenya won the NYC marathon by a third of a second in the closest
finish ever. Jelena Prokopcuka of Latvia took the women’s race.
(WSJ, 11/7/05, p.A1)
2005 Nov 11, Police fired on a
rally in Mombasa against Kenya's draft constitution, fatally
wounding four men. Police broke up the rally because President Mwai
Kibaki, who has supported the proposed constitution ahead of a
referendum on Nov. 21, was visiting the port city at the time.
2005 Nov 21, Kenya held a
referendum on the country’s 1st proper constitution since
independence. Voters divided into 2 factions over the referendum:
bananas called for a yes vote and oranges said no. Voters rejected
the new constitution (57-43%), supported by Pres. Kibaki, the most
serious political setback since he was elected nearly 3 years ago.
(AP, 11/22/05)(Econ, 11/26/05, p.58)
2005 Nov, John Githongo,
Kenya’s former adviser on corruption, sent a 36-page summary of his
investigations to Pres. Kibaki and to the Kenya Anti-Corruption
Commission. When neither responded he passed the dossier to a Kenyan
newspaper, the Daily Nation, which began exposing the contents on
Jan 22, 2006.
(Econ, 1/28/06, p.45)
2005 Dec 9, Kenya swore in a
new Cabinet whose difficult formation reflected increasing questions
about the president's political strength.
2005 Dec 17, A first group of
southern Sudanese refugees began their journey home after two
decades of living in a camp in Kenya.
2005 Dec 29, Drought was
reported to have triggered extreme food shortages in the East
African countries of Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia, putting millions
of people at risk of famine as the lean dry season approaches.
2005 Kenya’s population grew to
some 34 million.
(Econ, 9/23/06, p.94)
2006 Jan 1, East African
leaders said that millions of people in the region faced hunger
because poor rains had affected vital crops and pasture. Burundi,
Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia and Tanzania faced acute food shortages.
2005 David Anderson authored
“Histories of the Hanged: The Dirty War in Kenya and the End of
(SSFC, 5/8/05, p.B1)
2005 Caroline Elkins authored
“Imperial Reckoning: The Untold Story of Britain’s Gulag in Kenya."
(SSFC, 5/8/05, p.B1)
2006 Jan 12, In Kenya gunmen
shot and killed, Joan Wells Root (69), a well-known British
environmentalist and wildlife filmmaker, at her home in the central
2006 Jan 13, A battle for
livestock between Ethiopian and Kenyan nomads left 38 people dead in
drought-stricken northern Kenya, in the remote village of
Lokamarinyang, along the Kenya-Ethiopia border. The fighting killed
30 of the Dongiro raiders and eight Kenyans, all of them women and
children. A drought that has impoverished some 11.5 million people
in the area, most of them nomads, has exacerbated tensions between
2006 Jan 23, In Kenya a
five-story building collapsed in central Nairobi with more than 280
construction workers inside, killing at least 14 people and injuring
more than 60. The government next day said the owner and contractor
of a building were rushing workers to complete the structure before
the concrete on lower levels had set.
2006 Feb 1, In Kenya Four
suspended senior officials of the City Council of Nairobi were
charged with negligence in the Jan 23 collapse of a building in
Nairobi that killed at least 17 people and injured more than 100.
2006 Feb 1, In Kenya David
Mwiraria resigned as finance minister under allegations of
involvement in a multimillion-dollar scandal.
(SFC, 2/2/06, p.A3)
2006 Feb 8, Kenya’s government
and the UN said Kenya needs $221.5 million in aid to help feed
3.5 million people threatened by starvation due to drought and avoid
a "massive humanitarian catastrophe."
2006 Feb 18, Conservation
officials said a searing drought in Kenya and neighboring Tanzania
has killed dozens of hippopotamuses and other wild animals, and
disrupted the annual migration of wildebeests and zebras between the
two East African nations.
2006 Mar 2, In Kenya masked
gunmen identifying themselves as police raided the country's oldest
newspaper and its sister television station, two days after three
journalists were detained for a story about Kenya's president. The
closures of The Standard and the Kenya Television Network, ordered
by security minister John Michuki, appeared to mark the first time a
Kenyan government has shut down the operations of a major media
(AP, 3/2/06)(Econ, 3/25/06, p.52)
2006 Apr 10, A Kenyan military
plane carrying politicians to a peace conference crashed while
attempting to land in northern Kenya, killing a Cabinet minister,
six other politicians and at least seven other people.
2006 Apr 17, In the Boston
Marathon was won by Kenyan Robert Cheruiyot in a record time of
2:07:14. Rita Jeptoo of Kenya won among the women in 2:23:38.
(WSJ, 4/18/06, p.A1)(AP, 4/17/07)
2006 Apr 18, In Kenya officials
said the Sabaki River, swollen by heavy rains, had overflowed its
banks, forcing at least 10,000 people to flee their homes.
2006 Apr 28, Chinese President
Hu Jintao signed an oil exploration contract with Kenya, the latest
in a series of deals designed to keep Africa's natural resources
flowing to China's booming economy.
2006 May 13, The Kenyan
government banned smoking in public places in order to protect
non-smokers from the harmful effects of tobacco.
2006 May 18, In Kenya hundreds
attended the burial of Robert Wambugu, a black man shot by Thomas
Patrick Gilbert Cholmondeley, one of Kenya's wealthiest landowners.
In 2005 Cholmondeley was charged with murder in the shooting a
Massai game warden investigating reports of illegal wildlife
trading. The charge was dropped for lack of evidence.
(AP, 5/18/06)(AFP, 5/7/09)
2006 May 21, In SF some 62,000
runners participated in the annual Bay to Breakers race. Gilbert
Okari (27) of Kenya won in 34 minutes and 20 seconds. Among the
women Ukrainian Tetyana Hladyr won in 39:09. Mayor Newsom finished
the 7.46 miles in 59:04.
(SFC, 5/22/06, p.A1)
2006 May 24, Thomas Patrick
Gilbert Cholmondeley (38), a descendant of Kenya's first white
settlers, was charged with murder in the shooting of Robert Njoya
Wambugu (37), who was shot in the back and died en route to a
hospital. Cholmondeley’s attorney said the victim unleashed several
dogs on Cholmondeley after the man was caught poaching an
impala. In 2009 Cholmondeley (40) was convicted of
manslaughter and was sentenced to 8 months in prison. He was
released on Oct 23.
(AP, 5/24/06)(AP, 5/14/09)(AP, 10/23/09)
2006 May 31, Kenya approved
legislation that included provisions to punish those found guilty of
child prostitution and sex tourism and trafficking. The new law
aimed at curbing increasing sex abuse drew protest for failing to
criminalize marital rape while penalizing false rape reports.
2006 Jun 9, In Kenya police
commissioner Hussein Ali deported Artur Margariyan and Arthur
Sargsian, who claimed to be Armenian brothers, for mercenary
activities including organizing police raids on television and
(Econ, 6/17/06, p.54)
2006 Jun 24, Transparency
International, a global anti-corruption group, fired Mwalimu Mati,
the executive director of its Kenya chapter, accusing him of
misusing at least $26,800 through double billing and other financial
2006 Jul 6, It was reported
that African scholars have launched the continent's first bible
commentary which tackles issues like female circumcision, HIV/AIDS
and ethnic violence to make the scriptures more relevant for
Africans. The African Bible Commentary was launched this week in
Kenya and is meant to interpret the bible for Africans by using
local proverbs and tradition and by applying Christian teaching to
contemporary problems on the poorest continent.
2006 Jul, Some 15% of Kenyans
attended Pentecostalist churches. Muslims made up about 8% of the
(Econ, 7/22/06, p.46)
2006 Aug 11, In north Kenya
authorities said they caught at least 45 sympathizers or members of
the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF), a small Ethiopian group operating
on the border. Brigadier General Kemal Gelchu, a dissident Ethiopian
general who defected this week to neighboring Eritrea, said that he
would be joining the OLF to fight for his Oromo people's rights.
2006 Aug 28, US Sen. Barack
Obama urged Kenyans to take control of their country's destiny by
opposing corruption and ethnic divisions in government during a
policy speech at the main university in his father's homeland.
2006 Aug 31, Kenya stepped up
criticism of US Senator Barack Obama, accusing him of insulting the
Kenyan people and trivializing their achievements during a visit to
his father's homeland. Obama had rebuked Kibaki's government for
failing to address corruption and said Kenya's democratic progress
"is in jeopardy... being threatened by corruption."
2006 Sep, In Kenya farmers in
the Machakos region built small dams and water retention ponds on
the Ikiwe River with some $70,000 in aid from people in Archbold,
Ohio. The Archbold Mennonite Church project was part of Foods
Resource Bank, a Michigan-based hunger fighting organization that
connects urban churches with rural farm groups.
(WSJ, 4/23/07, p.A1)
2006 Oct 6, The UN refugee
agency said the number of Somalis fleeing fighting to seek refuge in
Kenya has risen dramatically and could stretch the capacity of aid
organizations to critical levels.
2006 Oct 17, Kenya reported its
first case of polio in 22 years at a refugee camp near the Somali
border as the United Nations appealed for urgent help to cope with a
surge in refugees from Somalia.
2006 Nov 6, In Kenya thousands
of delegates from around the world opened a UN conference on next
steps to ward off the worst effects of climate change.
2006 Nov 8, A Kenyan
environmentalist and Nobel Peace Prize winner called on people
around the world to plant 1 billion trees in the next year, saying
the effort is a way ordinary citizens can fight global warming.
2006 Nov 16, In Kenya the UN
conference on climate change ended. The participating 180 countries
reached no agreement on how to cut greenhouse gas emissions.
2006 Nov 17, UN aid bodies said
torrential rains and floods have hit up to 1.8 million people in the
Horn of Africa, driving tens of thousands from their homes and
threatening to trigger epidemics. Torrential rains have pounded the
Horn of Africa this month, bringing misery to large parts of Kenya,
Somalia, Ethiopia, Sudan and Eritrea.
2006 Nov 30, The East African
Community (EAC) said Rwanda and Burundi have been accepted as
members, expanding the regional economic bloc to five nations. The
EAC previously grouped Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania, which hoped to
transform the region into a political federation.
2006 Dec 15, In Kenya 11
African heads of state attending the 2nd International Conference on
the Great Lakes Region signed a landmark $2 billion
(1.5-billion-euro) security and development pact to forestall fresh
violence in the area.
2006 In the waters off East
Africa unmarked fishing ships carried 23mm anti-aircraft guns and
fished illegally impacting the local fishermen of Kenya, Somalia and
Tanzania. Fish stocks fell as coral reefs were ripped, and
numberless dolphins and turtles were getting snagged.
(Econ, 8/5/06, p.43)
2006 Family and friends of San
Francisco-based Stefan Lyon (11) traveled to Kakamega, Kenya, to
supervise the conversion of a cowshed into classroom. The project
was begun by Stefan Lyon with funds raised by selling cookies and
selling “My Adventures with Stitch," a book about his pet rat.
(www.stefanlyon.com)(SSFC, 12/7/08, p.B1)
2007 Jan 2, Ethiopian
helicopters pursuing Somali Islamists missed their target and bombed
a Kenyan border post, prompting Kenyan fighter planes to rush to the
area. A gun collection program in Mogadishu began with little
(AFP, 1/2/07)(SFC, 1/3/07, p.A3)
2007 Jan 3, Kenya sent extra
troops to its border with Somalia to keep Islamic militants from
entering the country after Ethiopian helicopters attacked a Kenyan
border post by mistake while pursuing suspected fighters.
2007 Jan 4, Kenya said it has
closed its border with Somalia in an apparent effort to keep Islamic
militants and refugees from entering the country.
2007 Jan 7, A senior Kenyan
health official said about 75 people have died of Rift Valley fever
(hemorrhagic fever) during the past three weeks and another 183 are
infected with it. The last outbreak of the disease in East Africa
was between 1997-1998, when 478 people died in Somalia and Kenya.
Currently there was no human vaccine.
(AP, 1/8/07)(WSJ, 1/9/07, p.A1)
2007 Jan 16, In Kenya deaths
due to Rift Valley fever (hemorrhagic fever) had climbed to at least
95 for the past month.
2007 Jan 17, Alice Lakwena, a
Ugandan warrior priestess who led an insurgency in the 1980s, died
at a Kenyan refugee camp. She was known as Alice Auma and claimed to
have been possessed by a spirit called Lakwena, which gave her
spiritual powers to protect her fighters from bullets by anointing
them with oil. Her cousin, Joseph Kony, is the messianic leader of
the Lord's Resistance Army.
(AP, 1/18/07)(Econ, 1/27/07, p.87)
2007 Jan 20, In Nairobi, Kenya,
more than 80,000 people from around the globe descended on the
massive Kibera shanty-town, home for at least 700,000 of Kenya's
poorest, to kick-off the seventh annual World Social Forum.
2007 Jan 20, The last major
warlord in Somalia surrendered his weapons and 200 militiamen to the
army, while an Islamic leader claimed responsibility for a string of
guerrilla attacks and promised there would be more until the
government agreed to talks. An Ethiopian military convoy was
ambushed in a new round of deadly violence in the Somali capital
Mogadishu, hours after the African Union agreed to send peacekeepers
to the war-torn country. Kenya handed over 34 Islamic militiamen to
Somalia's transitional government. A Somali government spokesman
said that some of them may be senior leaders of the country's
(AP, 1/20/07)(AFP, 1/20/07)(AP, 1/21/07)
2007 Jan 26, In Kenya a
regional director for the aid agency CARE was killed.
(SSFC, 2/11/07, p.G2)
2007 Jan 27, Gunmen carjacked a
US Embassy vehicle on the outskirts of the Kenyan capital and killed
two women in the car.
2007 Feb 4, In Kenya a top
Kenyan AIDS researcher was killed and an American woman traveling
with him was shot in the face.
(SSFC, 2/11/07, p.G2)
2007 Feb 7, The US Embassy
issued a travel advisory saying violent crime was on the increase in
(SSFC, 2/11/07, p.G2)
2007 Mar 23, A human rights
group said Kenya has deported more than 100 people from 19 countries
to Somalia after they crossed the border between the two countries
illegally during fighting earlier this year, and the deportees were
subsequently arrested by Ethiopian troops.
2007 Apr 16, Robert Cheruiyot
of Kenya won his 3rd Boston Marathon in 2:14:13. Russia’s Lidiya
Grigoryeva won in 2:29:18.
(WSJ, 4/17/07, p.A1)
2007 May 5, A Kenya Airways jet
with 114 people on board crashed after sending out a distress signal
over a remote rainforest in southern Cameroon. The Boeing 737-800
was carrying 114 people, including 105 passengers, from 23
countries. There were no survivors.
(AP, 5/5/07)(AP, 5/7/07)
2007 May 20, In Kenya 6 men
were beheaded over the weekend in villages on the outskirts of
Nairobi. This came weeks after members of the Mungiki sect fought
with the police over control of minibus terminals, where they have
been extorting money from drivers. 7 people were soon arrested in
connection with the beheadings.
2007 May 31, Government
spokesman Alfred Mutua said Kenya’s police over the last few months
have arrested 2,464 suspected followers of Mungiki, an outlawed
religious sect whose members are believed to have beheaded several
people in recent months.
2007 Jun 2, Virgin Atlantic
chairman Sir Richard Branson announced a program aimed at saving
elephants in Kenya, as he boarded his airline's first flight to the
east African nation.
2007 Jun 5, Kenyan police
overnight killed more than 20 suspected members of Mungiki, an
outlawed religious sect, accused in a string of beheadings and the
deaths of two police officers in the Mathare slum the previous day.
2007 Jun 7, Gunfights erupted
in a Nairobi slum, killing at least 10 people, as police conducted
house-to-house searches for members of an outlawed sect accused of
terrorizing Kenyans and leaving behind a string of beheaded corpses.
2007 Jun 9, A concrete wall
collapsed onto a maze of homes in a Kenyan slum, killing at least 10
people, including three babies.
2007 Jun 11, In Kenya an
explosion went off outside a hotel in downtown Nairobi during
morning rush hour, killing two people, injuring more than 30.
2007 Jun 22, In Kenya at least
20 people were killed overnight in and around Nairobi, including two
people found beheaded and 14 killed in gunbattles.
2007 Jun 26, Kenyan police
killed two suspected members of a banned sect blamed for a string of
recent murders and beheadings in a mounting crackdown.
2007 Jul 1, Kenya police said
12 suspected criminals and members of a murderous sect were killed
over the last 24 hours, as a fierce crackdown on surging crime
2007 Jul, Rwanda and Burundi
became members of the East African Community (EAC), which included
Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda.
(AP, 11/17/07)(Econ, 9/5/09, p.52)
2007 Aug 15, In Kenya hundreds
of journalists wearing black gags marched silently through Nairobi
to protest a proposed law that would allow courts to compel
reporters to reveal their sources.
2007 Aug 28, In Kenya a crash
in the Kisii area killed 22 people when the bus they were traveling
in rammed a truck head-on.
2007 Aug 30, In Kisii, Kenya,
an oil tanker truck rolled down a hill and smashed into four
minibuses, killing 29 people and injuring more than 30. The death
toll was expected to rise.
2007 Sep 7, The Kenya Wildlife
Service warned in a report that wild animals are vanishing from
Nairobi National Park, Kenya's oldest game reserve which borders the
airport at Nairobi.
2007 Sep 21, The Red Cross
warned that a massive aid effort is needed to cope with floods in 18
countries across Africa that have already affected at least 1.5
million people and killed at least 270 in Ghana, Kenya, Somalia,
Sudan, Togo, Uganda and other countries.
2007 Oct 5, Record floods, that
have wreaked havoc across Africa, killed at least 20,000 wildebeests
making their way to Kenya during their annual “great migration." The
animals, also known as gnus, were swept away by a river that broke
its banks in southern Kenya's Maasai Mara park. Kenya Wildlife
Service on Oct 13 said floods that have wreaked havoc across Africa
killed 5,000 wildebeests, and not tens of thousands, blaming
tourists for exaggerating the toll.
(AFP, 10/11/07)(AFP, 10/13/07)
2007 Oct 6, In western Kenya
Stanley Livindo, a ruling party candidate for parliament, was
arrested after his bodyguards allegedly shot and killed a supporter
of Kenya's largest opposition party and injured two others. The
shootings came as tens of thousands of people rallied in the capital
to kick off the presidential campaign of Raila Odinga, who has
mounted a serious challenge to President Mwai Kibaki in December
2007 Nov 7, Kenya’s official
human rights commission reported that state security agents had
killed 454 people since the summer in and around Nairobi. They were
said to be members of the Mungiki sect, a Kikuyu gang that has
terrorized central Kenya for years.
2007 Nov 13, Researchers in
Kenya unveiled a 10-million-year-old jaw bone they believe belonged
to a new species of great ape that could be the last common ancestor
of gorillas, chimpanzees and humans. A Kenyan and Japanese team
found the fragment, dating back to between 9.8 and 9.88 million
years, in 2005 along with 11 teeth. The fossils were unearthed in
volcanic mud flow deposits in the northern Nakali region of Kenya.
2007 Nov 14, The EU reached an
accord with the East African Community (EAC) states of Burundi,
Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda. They will enjoy duty free, quota
free access to the EU for all products, except sugar and rice, from
January 1. Originally established in 1967, the EAC collapsed a
decade later amid diverging economic philosophies. It was
resurrected in 2000 as Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda agreed to create
an EU-style common market for their 90 million citizens. Rwanda and
Burundi became members in July this year.
(AP, 11/17/07)(Econ, 9/5/09, p.52)
2007 Dec 7, Officials said
swarms of desert locusts have invaded Kenya's arid northeast for the
first time since 1962.
2007 Dec 25, Mobs in Kenya's
opposition heartland beat up and killed at least 3 policemen accused
of taking part in a plan to rig Dec 26 elections in favor of
President Mwai Kibaki.
2007 Dec 27, Kenya held
elections. President Mwai Kibaki tried to fend off fiery opposition
leader Raila Odinga. In Nairobi monitors from the EU saw tens of
thousands of votes pinched for Kibaki. In 2009 Philip Alston, a UN
investigator, published a report documenting around 500 death-squad
executions in the months leading up the elections.
(AP, 12/27/07)(Econ, 1/5/08, p.37)(Econ, 3/14/09,
2007 Dec 29, Kenya's
presidential rivals were neck-and-neck with nearly 90 percent of
official results counted as accusations of rigging ignited ethnic
violence across the east African nation.
2007 Dec 30, President Mwai
Kibaki was declared the winner of the closest presidential election
in Kenya's history, a contest marked by allegations of rigging and
two days of deadly violence. Kibaki beat Raila Odinga by 231,728
votes. Kivuitu, the electoral commission chairman, acknowledged
problems, including a constituency where voter turnout added up to
115 percent and another where a candidate ran away with ballot
2007 Dec 31, Kenyan police
battled thousands of opposition supporters enraged over President
Mwai Kibaki's allegedly fraudulent re-election, firing tear gas and
live ammunition as the death toll from the violence rose to 103.
2007 In Kenya Pastor Jacob
Momposhi Samperu founded the Hope for the Maasai Girls center to
rescue girls from circumcision.
2007 In Kenya police death
squads killed some 500 people this year.
(Econ, 7/31/10, p.34)
2007 In 2011 prosecutors at the
world war crimes court said Kenya's Deputy PM Uhuru Kenyatta
organized deadly attacks on the opposition after disputed 2007 polls
to keep the ruling party's power by "any means necessary."
2007 Kenya’s population climbed
to 38 million people, half under age 20, and projections suggested
it would reach 57 million by 2025. The official minimum wage stood
at about $700 per year, with GDP per head at about $1,500. An MP’s
salary was about $60,000, which doubled with allowances. The Kikuyu
tribe comprised about 22% of Kenya’s population.
(Econ, 6/9/07, p.50)(Econ, 1/5/08, p.38)(Econ,
2007 Safaricom, Kenya’s largest
mobile phone operator, launched M-PESA, a mobile-money scheme. It
allowed people to pay bills and even save money, though without
(Econ, 9/26/09, SR p.17)
2007 Uganda began construction
of the $860 Million Bujagali Dam for hydroelectric power from Lake
Victoria water. About 55% of lower water levels on Lake Victoria
were attributed dams built by the Ugandan government. This severely
impacted farmers fishermen in adjoining Kenya and Tanzania as well
(SFC, 6/24/08, p.A14)
2008 Jan 1, In Kenya a mob
torched a church sheltering hundreds of people fleeing election
violence. Up to 50 ethnic Kikuyus were killed in the fire in the
Assemblies of God Church in the Rift Valley city of Eldoret. The
death toll from ethnic riots triggered by President Mwai Kibaki's
disputed re-election soared to nearly 200.
(AP, 1/1/08)(Reuters, 1/1/08)(AP, 1/2/08)
2008 Jan 2, International
pressure mounted on Kenya's leaders to end postelection violence
that has killed more than 300 people. Vice President Moody Awori
told a local television station that the violence has cost the
country $31 million a day.
2008 Jan 3, In Kenya riot
police fired tear gas and water cannons to beat back crowds heading
for a banned rally to protest the disputed election, and the
president said he is willing to talk to the opposition once calm has
2008 Jan 4, Kenya's opposition
called for a new presidential election to settle a dispute that has
sparked deadly riots from the capital to the coast, but a government
spokesman said a new vote could come on only on orders from the
highest court. The World Food Program warned that 100,000 people
faced starvation in western Kenya.
(AP, 1/4/08)(SFC, 1/5/08, p.A3)
2008 Jan 5, Kenya’s government
said President Kibaki is ready to form "a government of national
unity" to help resolve disputed elections that caused deadly riots.
Some 300 people have been killed and the UN said 250,000 made
homeless in violent protests and clashes since the vote.
2008 Jan 7, Kenya's opposition
leader canceled nationwide protests, saying he wanted to avoid new
violence and give mediation a chance to resolve the election dispute
that has killed nearly 500 people in political and ethnic
bloodletting. The chief US envoy for Africa said the vote count from
Kenya's election was rigged, but both parties could have been
involved, declining to blame either President Mwai Kibaki or the
opposition leader who ran against him.
2008 Jan 8, Kenya's opposition
leader rejected talks with the president, describing an invitation
to meet as "public relations gimmickry" that would undermine
attempts to end the ethnically-charged election standoff that has
killed more than 500 people.
2008 Jan 9, African Union chief
John Kufuor met Kenyan leaders to try to break a political deadlock
following disputed presidential polls that sparked widespread
violence and left at least 600 dead. Hundreds of Kenyans tried to
flee the country's west amid escalating opposition anger after the
president named half of a new Cabinet, a line-up packed with his
(AFP, 1/9/08)(AP, 1/9/08)
2008 Jan 10, An African Union
statement said former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan is taking over
mediation in Kenya's disputed presidential election. Kenya's feuding
political leaders agreed to an immediate cessation of violence and
any acts that may harm efforts to end the country's post-election
(AP, 1/10/08)(AFP, 1/10/08)
2008 Jan 12, A leading Kenyan
human rights group said some of the worst violence in the country's
deadly disputed presidential election was the work of militias paid
and directed by politicians. Maina Kiai, chairman of the
state-funded human rights body, said that in response to attacks on
Kikuyu, government politicians have recruited the Mungiki, a Kikuyu
gang blamed for a string of beheadings carried out in Nairobi's
slums this year. The EU, US and UN urged Kenya's politicians to
agree to a peaceful and democratic end to violence that has killed
some 575 people since the disputed December 27 polls. The
instability thus far cost the country and estimated $1 billion.
(AP, 1/12/08)(Reuters, 1/12/08)(WSJ, 1/14/08,
2008 Jan 15, Kenya’s
legislators chose an opposition member as parliament speaker in a
close vote, giving a victory to foes of the president as they
prepared for mass protest rallies. Grace Kaindi, the police chief of
Kisumu, said she had ordered her officers to fire on a rioting
crowd, saying she was forced to because police were overwhelmed
during protests over disputed elections. Of the 612 deaths
government officials have attributed to election violence, 53 were
in Kisumu; hospital records show 44 of those were killed by police
2008 Jan 16, In Kenya police
fired tear gas and bullets to disperse thousands of protesters in
several cities at the start of three days of opposition rallies that
reignited post-election violence. At least one person was fatally
shot by police.
2008 Jan 18, In Kenya a
weakened opposition said it would turn to economic boycotts and
strikes to keep up pressure over the East African nation's disputed
election. 12 new deaths raised the toll to at least 22 people killed
in three days of protests called by the opposition, all but five
blamed on police.
(AP, 1/18/08)(AP, 1/19/08)(SFC, 1/19/08, p.A3)
2008 Jan 19, In Kenya 5 people
died in ethnic clashes when three ethnic groups, Kalenjin, Kisii and
Kikuyu, fought each other with bows and arrows and machetes in
villages around the Catholic Kipkelion Monastery in the Rift Valley.
2008 Jan 20, In Kenya renewed
ethnic fighting broke out in a Nairobi slum following the deaths of
more than 20 people in demonstrations against the disputed
re-election of President Mwai Kibaki. Several people were beaten and
hacked to death with machetes.
(AP, 1/20/08)(AP, 1/21/08)
2008 Jan 24, In Kenya Pres.
Kibaki and Opposition leader Odinga talked for the first time since
the election, but the president angered the opposition by insisting
after the hour-long meeting, mediated by former UN Secretary-General
Kofi Annan, that his position as head of state was not negotiable.
2008 Jan 25, In Kenya street
battles engulfed the western city of Nakuru, tense with ethnic
rivalries, leaving bodies in the roadways with gashes in their heads
and arrows lodged in their torsos in the latest fighting set off by
the disputed presidential election. Overnight, half the town of
Total Station was burned down and at least two people were killed.
2008 Jan 26, In Kenya sporadic
gunshots rang in Nakuru as those forced from their homes by
postelection violence threatened revenge. Police took 16 charred
bodies to a mortuary, where onlookers sobbed.
2008 Jan 27, In western Kenya
gangs armed with machetes and bows and arrows burned and hacked to
death members of a rival tribe, as the death toll from the latest
explosion of violence over disputed presidential elections rose to
2008 Jan 28, In Nakuru, Kenya,
the provincial capital of the fertile Rift Valley, 64 bodies were
counted at the morgue. In Kisumu on the shore of Lake Victoria,
armed mobs of young men torched houses and buses, burning alive
anyone inside and blocking blood-spattered roadways.
2008 Jan 29, In Kenya former UN
chief Kofi Annan launched formal mediation efforts to end the
post-election crisis, where the killing of an opposition legislator
stoked bloody protests. Gunmen killed Mugabe Were, an opposition
lawmaker in Nairobi, triggering a new flare-up of the ethnic
fighting. A gang hefting machetes dragged a doctor from the
president's Kikuyu tribe from his clinic "and then cut and cut until
his head was off."
(Reuters, 1/29/08)(AP, 1/29/08)
2008 Jan 31, In Kenya an
opposition lawmaker was gunned down by a police officer in the
second fatal shooting of an opposition legislator this week.
National police chief Hussein Ali said the police officer, who has
been arrested, shot David Too in a dispute over the officer's
girlfriend. The opposition said it was an assassination plot. Kenyan
police killed four people as mobs set scores of houses and
businesses ablaze in a western Kenyan town. In Kisumu police fired
tear gas and then live rounds at scores of protesters trying to
block the main road. Kofi Annan suspended crisis talks aimed at
ending Kenya's political crisis after the lawmaker was shot dead,
triggering further clashes. In Ethiopia UN Secretary General Ban
Ki-moon met with Pres. Kibaki at the African Union summit and warned
that the violence in Kenya could spiral out of control unless quick
action was taken.
(AP, 1/31/08)(AFP, 1/31/08)(AP, 2/1/08)
2008 Feb 1, Kenya's rival sides
said they had agreed to take action to end monthlong violence from a
disputed presidential election, but the death toll mounted when
police fired on mobs setting homes and businesses ablaze in the west
of the country. At least 14 people were killed as the death toll
rose to over 800 with some 300,000 forced from their homes.
(AP, 2/2/08)(SFC, 2/2/08, p.A5)
2008 Feb 3, The leader of
Kenya's opposition called for the African Union to send peacekeepers
to help stem violence sparked by the country's disputed presidential
2008 Feb 4, Kenya said violence
over disputed elections had eased enough to lift a monthlong ban on
live television broadcasts. The fighting has killed over 1,000
people and made 300,000 homeless since the Dec. 27 presidential
election. Violence continued as former UN secretary-general Kofi
Annan said the government and governing party have rejected his
choice to lead mediation efforts. At least 7 people were killed
overnight in battles between Kisii and Kalenjin communities 155
miles west of the capital.
2008 Feb 7, The US said it was
barring 10 leading Kenyan politicians from entering the US, the
first time Washington has blamed them for the postelection violence
that has brought the African country to the brink of collapse.
2008 Feb 8, Former UN chief
Kofi Annan, who is mediating talks between Kenya's political rivals,
said they were close to a deal aimed at ending weeks of postelection
bloodshed but no power-sharing agreement had been reached yet.
2008 Feb 9, Raila Odinga,
Kenya's opposition leader, demanded that Pres. Kibaki resign, a
sharp turnaround from his conciliatory tone during talks with the
government earlier this week.
2008 Feb 13, Kenya's rival
parties sequestered themselves at a luxury lodge in a game park as
they attempted to hammer out a peace deal to end weeks of bloodshed.
2008 Feb 14, A UN spokesman
said political rivals trying to lead Kenya out of weeks of violence
signed an agreement, but no details were released and the talks were
to continue next week.
2008 Feb 26, Mediator Kofi
Annan suspended the talks to end Kenya's deadly postelection crisis
after weeks of negotiations brought little progress.
2008 Feb 28, Kenya's rival
politicians, aided by AU chairman Jakaya Kikwete, signed a
power-sharing agreement and shook hands after weeks of bitter
negotiations on how to end the country's deadly postelection crisis.
(AP, 2/28/08)(Econ, 3/1/08, p.49)
2008 Mar 3, In western Kenya
dozens of people with assault rifles and machetes stormed a village,
killing at least 13 people, including six children. Some were burned
alive in their homes. National Police spokesman Eric Kiraithe said
the attack in Embakasi village was over land, not the country's
disputed Dec. 27 presidential election.
2008 Mar 8, It was reported
that Kenya’s wild animal populations has fallen by about 70% in the
last 30 years.
(Econ, 3/8/08, p.86)
2008 Mar 9, An army operation
began in western Kenya pursuing members of a group linked to bloody
clashes over land. Up to 30,000 people fled their homes.
2008 Mar 18, Kenya's President
Mwai Kibaki signed into law two bills passed by parliament that put
in place a power-sharing deal which halted post-election unrest.
2008 Apr 1, In Kenya police
tear gassed about 100 protesters who demonstrated in Nairobi against
plans to increase the number of Cabinet posts.
2008 Apr 3, Kenya’s president
and opposition leader agreed on a cabinet as part of their
power-sharing deal to end violence.
(WSJ, 4/4/08, p.A1)
2008 Apr 8, Kenya’s opposition
party suspended talks with the government and hundreds of backers
set fires to protest delays in reaching a power-sharing agreement.
(SFC, 4/9/08, p.A7)
2008 Apr 13, Kenya’s President
Mwai Kibaki named rival Raila Odinga as prime minister, implementing
a power-sharing deal after protracted negotiations over the
agreement they signed more than a month ago.
2008 Apr 14, Kenyan police in
Nairobi fired bullets and tear gas to clear machete-waving Mungiki
gang members who blocked roads and set a police post on fire to
protest the killing of an imprisoned gang leader's wife. At least 13
people were killed.
(AP, 4/14/08)(AP, 4/15/08)
2008 May 6, Kenya froze the
assets of businessman Felicien Kabuga, the most wanted suspect in
Rwanda's genocide, saying it would stop him avoiding capture or
helping other fugitives.
2008 May 14, In Kenya an
international aid worker said officials backed by armed police are
forcing some 9,000 Kenyans displaced by postelection violence to
leave a refugee camp in Kitale.
2008 May 25, A nationwide power
outage hit Kenya as a result of a transmission fault from its
hydro-electric plants, sparking panic in the east African nation.
2008 Jun 9, Safaricom Ltd., a
Kenya-based mobile-phone operation, made its debut in East Africa’s
largest public offering valued at about $800 million. Shares in a
25% stake were offered at 5 Kenyan shillings and closed at 7
shillings. The company enabled customers to transfer money and at
this time moved some $1.5 million a day across Kenya.
(WSJ, 6/10/08, p.C1)(Econ, 6/7/08, p.78)
2008 Jul 8, Amos Kimunya,
Kenya’s finance minister, was forced to resign following the sale of
the Grand Regency Hotel to Libyans, without taking bids and
advertising the sale. The hotel had been confiscated from Kamlesh
Paul Pattni, a businessman alleged to have paid hundreds of millions
to individuals close to former Pres. Daniel arap Moi, for the export
of gold and diamonds that did not exist.
(Econ, 7/12/08, p.60)
2008 Jul 16, The United States
signed a pair of agreements to boost trade and investment ties with
countries in southern and eastern Africa. These included the Trade,
Investment and Development Cooperation Agreement with the Southern
Africa Customs Union (SACU), which includes Botswana, Lesotho,
Namibia, South Africa and Swaziland; and the Trade Investment and
Framework Agreement (TIFA) with the East African Community, which
includes Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda.
2008 Jul 21, An aid agency said
Kenyan armed forces are preventing aid workers from helping
homeless, hungry families caught between a brutal militia and an
2008 Aug 24, Kenya took home 14
medals from the Beijing Olympics, 5 of them gold.
(Econ, 9/6/08, p.55)
2008 Sep 25, Pirates seized the
530-foot, Ukrainian cargo vessel, MV Faina, with 21 people aboard
off eastern Somalia. Russia's navy soon sent a warship to Somalia's
coast a day after pirates seized the Ukrainian vessel loaded with 33
tanks, ammunition and 3 Russian crew members. The ITAR-Tass news
agency said the military equipment had been sold to Kenya. It was
later reported that the arms were destined for southern Sudan and
that Kenya’s cooperation would be rewarded in the future with cheap
oil. The shipped was released on Feb 5, 2009, following a ransom of
(AP, 9/26/08)(SFC, 9/27/08, p.A5)(Econ, 10/4/08,
2008 Sep 29, US warships and
helicopters surrounded a hijacked cargo ship loaded with Sudan-bound
tanks and other arms to keep the weapons from falling "into the
wrong hands." The shipment of 33 Russian-designed tanks, rifles and
ammunition on the Ukrainian-operated Faina was headed for Sudan, not
Kenya as previously claimed by Kenyan officials. Somali pirates
demanded a $20 million ransom.
(AP, 9/29/08)(SFC, 9/29/08, p.A12)
2008 Oct 1, Kenyan police
arrested Andrew Mwangura, a maritime watchdog official, on suspicion
of criminal activity just days after the official gave reporters
sensitive information about a hijacked arms freighter off Somalia's
2008 Oct 7, In Kenya Jerome
Corsi, who wrote "The Obama Nation: Leftist Politics and the Cult of
Personality," was picked up by police and deported for not having a
2008 Oct 16, In Kenya violence
re-started between the Murule and Garre in Mandera town triggered by
need for space for 920 families displaced by flash floods. A
security operation was then set up to intervene following a request
by the area members of parliament when the conflict took a
cross-border dimension with one clan getting support from Al-Shabaab
militants from Somalia. In 2009 Human Rights Watch issued a 51-page
report, called "Bring the Gun or You'll Die," saying Kenyan security
forces tortured hundreds of civilians and raped at least a dozen
women during a three-day operation to disarm militias in the Mandera
2008 Oct 16, The European
Commission announced 15 million euros (20 million dollars) of
emergency food aid for victims of drought and soaring food prices in
five east African countries. The biggest share will go to Ethiopia
and Somalia and smaller amounts to Kenya, Uganda and Djibouti.
2008 Nov 5, Africans across the
continent sang, danced in the streets and wrapped themselves in US
flags to cheer for America's first black president. Kenya will party
for two days, after Pres. Kibaki declared a national holiday for Nov
6 in honor of Obama.
2008 Nov 10, Gunmen in northern
Kenya seized two Italian Catholic nuns from a church before dawn and
took them across the border into a Somali region largely controlled
by Islamist insurgents. The nuns were free on February 19, 2009.
(AP, 11/10/08)(AP, 2/19/09)
2008 Nov 17, The Kenya Wildlife
Service (KWS) said a ton of ivory items and 57 suspects were netted
in a four-month operation billed Africa's largest-ever crackdown on
wildlife crime. Operation Baba also seized cheetah, leopard, serval
cat and python skins as well as hippo teeth at several markets,
airports and border crossings in Congo Brazzaville, Ghana, Kenya,
Uganda and Zambia.
2008 Nov 23, Kenyan PM Raila
Odinga called for the deployment of African Union peacekeepers to
Zimbabwe to bring President Robert Mugabe back into line.
2008 Dec 2, In Kenya a
government anti-corruption watchdog said it is suing seven current
and former Kenyan officials for a total of a quarter of a million
dollars, saying they obtained the money dishonestly.
2008 Dec 7, Kenya’s PM Raila
Odinga said foreign troops should prepare to intervene in Zimbabwe
to end a worsening humanitarian crisis and Zimbabwean President
Robert Mugabe should be investigated for crimes against humanity.
2008 Dec 16, Somalia's
UN-backed government crumbled further as the president defied
parliament and Kenya announced sanctions against him in a strong
2009 Jan 2, Kenya's Pres. Mwai
Kibaki signed into law a media bill that opponents say threatens the
country's hard-fought reputation for having one of Africa's most
vigorous press. A controversial part of the bill, which parliament
passed last month, allows the government to shut down media outlets
by declaring a state of emergency. Kibaki said that part was not
included in the bill he signed.
2009 Jan 9, Kenya’s government
said 10 million people risked going hungry after harvests failed
following a drought.
(WSJ, 1/10/09, p.A1)
2009 Jan 16, Kenya's president
declared the country's food crisis a national disaster and asked
international donors to contribute $406 million toward emergency
food aid. The US and Britain signed legal agreements with Kenya,
essentially extradition treaties, in which Kenya agreed to try
(AP, 1/16/09)(WSJ, 2/17/09, p.A8)
2009 Jan 28, In Kenya a massive
fire swept through a supermarket in downtown Nairobi. 28 shoppers
were burned alive.
(AP, 1/30/09)(AP, 2/3/09)(Econ, 2/7/09, p.42)
2009 Jan 31, In Kenya an
overturned gasoline tanker exploded as hundreds of people tried to
scoop up free fuel. Some 120 people were killed and 200 injured in
the inferno. Several witnesses said some police were charging 1,000
Kenya shillings ($13) for 60 liters of fuel, an amount that usually
costs about $65, which enraged the crowd.
(AP, 2/1/09)(AP, 2/2/09)(AP, 2/3/09)
2009 Feb 24, The Kenya National
commission on Human Rights released a video showing a Kenyan
policeman, who was later killed, saying he saw other officers
execute 58 suspects instead of arresting them.
(SFC, 2/25/09, p.A2)
2009 Feb 24, Iran’s Pres.
Ahmadinejad arrived in Kenya with a delegation of nearly 100
officials and business people. He soon struck a deal to export 4
million tons of crude oil a year, to open direct flights between
Tehran and Nairobi, and to provide scholarships for study in Iran.
(http://tinyurl.com/yewhqnk)(Econ, 2/6/10, p.49)
2009 Feb 25, Kenya announced
its first polio infection in 20 years, after a 4-year-old girl was
diagnosed with the disease along the country's remote border with
2009 Mar 5, In Kenya Oscar
Kamau Kingara (37) and John Paul Oulu, who investigated
extrajudicial killings, were shot at close range night while
their car was stuck in traffic near the Univ. of Nairobi. The next
day Kenya's top human rights group charged that the slaying was part
of a pattern of assassinations of people who made allegations about
police death squads.
2009 Mar 6, The EU and Kenya
agreed to allow the country to prosecute suspected pirates captured
by European forces on the high seas.
2009 Mar 10, In Kenya youths
threw stones at police officers and looted stores and cars following
a march by about 1,000 university students through the Nairobi to
protest the deaths of a fellow student and two activists.
2009 Mar 10, Germany's navy
handed over nine suspected Somali pirates to Kenyan authorities and
they will be taken to a court to face charges. The nine were
arrested March 3 after they attacked the Hamburg-based MV Courier
2009 Apr 6, In Kenya justice
minister Martha Karua resigned in protest of Pres. Kibaki’s decision
to appoint judges without consulting her.
(Econ, 4/25/09, p.53)
2009 Apr 8, Somali pirates
hijacked a US-flagged cargo ship with 20 American crew members
onboard. The 17,000-ton Maersk Alabama was carrying emergency relief
to Mombasa, Kenya.
2009 Apr 21, In central Kenya
villagers clashed overnight with an outlawed criminal gang using
machetes, axes and clubs, killing about 40 people. Residents near
the town of Karatina fought Mungiki members because the gang had
been extorting money from them.
(AP, 4/21/09)(Econ, 4/25/09, p.53)
2009 Apr 21, The 114th Boston
Marathon was won by Ethiopia’s Deriba Merga for the men and Salina
Kosgei of Kenya for the women.
(WSJ, 4/21/09, p.A1)
2009 Apr 25, It was reported
that Kenya’s government included 94 ministers and deputies, each
earning over $15,000 a month.
(Econ, 4/25/09, p53)
2009 Apr 27, In Kenya 2 men
pleaded guilty in court to illegally possessing 1,500 pounds (700
kilograms) of elephant tusks in what was believed to be the largest
seizure of illegal ivory in recent years. Rangers and police
arrested the two, a Kenyan and a Tanzanian, on April 25, when the
Kenya Wildlife Service acted on a tip about planned ivory smuggling
in Amboseli National Park.
2009 Jun 10, The US Navy handed
over 17 suspected Somali pirates to Kenya, taking the total number
held in the east African nation to 101.
2009 Jun 26, The UN refugee
agency said that the bloody conflict in Somalia has created the
world's largest refugee camp, with 500 hungry and exhausted refugees
pouring into a wind-swept camp in neighboring Kenya every day.
2009 Jun, In Kenya three young
men and a boy told police that Rev. Renato Kizito Sesana, an Italian
priest, had been sexually molesting them for years at a shelter for
poor children. No church investigation followed. Kenyan police later
said they found no evidence and believed Sesana is innocent. Soon
after going to the police, three of the four complainants, including
a 17-year-old, withdrew their accusations, saying they had been
forced to make them by con men planning to take over church
property. But in 2010 the 17-year-old told the AP that he recanted
only because he and his mother repeatedly received anonymous text
messages threatening them with death. He insisted he really had been
abused but did not seek to press charges again because he felt no
one would believe him.
2009 Jul 9, An African Union
panel said former UN chief Kofi Annan handed the International
Criminal Court the names of key suspects in Kenya's post-poll
violence which he helped end last year.
2009 Jul 14, In Nairobi, Kenya,
authorities seized over 660 pounds of illegal ivory and black
rhinoceros horn, some of it still bloody, on a Mozambique-to-Asia
(SFC, 7/15/09, p.A2)
2009 Jul 21, In southwest Kenya
a bus driver swerved at a sharp corner and collided with another
bus, killing at least 22 people and injuring dozens.
2009 Aug 3, Kenya's Pres. Mwai
Kibaki said all prisoners on death row will immediately have their
sentences commuted to life imprisonment. Kenya's 97 prisons were
built for a population of about 15,000 but currently have an inmate
population of more than 40,000.
2009 Aug 5, In Nairobi, Kenya,
US Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton criticized Kenya for
rampant graft and corruption as she made the case that business and
trade across Africa cannot grow without good governance and solid
2009 Aug 11, In southeastern
Kenya assailants armed with arrows, spears and machetes killed
Campbell Bridges (72), a Scottish-born geologist, in an apparent
dispute over mining rights. In 1968 Bridges became the first to
record the discovery of gemstone-quality tsavorite, in Tanzania.
Tsavorite, mined in Tanzania and Kenya, is a green variety of garnet
that shines even before polishing. On Aug 19 Kenyan police arrested
Alfred Makogo Njiruka, the chairman of a small miners association
and the suspected mastermind in the killing of Bridges.
(AP, 8/13/09)(AP, 8/20/09)
2009 Aug 24, Kenya began its
first national census in a decade amid an outcry over one question
that asks people to identify their ethnic group, a contentious issue
in this East African nation. Kenya’s 2009 census put the population
at about 39 million.
(AP, 8/24/09)(Econ, 10/30/10, p.45)
2009 Aug 25, The World Food
Program said that 3.8 million Kenyans need emergency food aid
because of a prolonged drought, which is even causing electrical
blackouts in the capital because there's not enough water for
2009 Sep 8, Kenya replaced its
police chief on months after human rights groups complained that
some his officers killed and raped during the violent aftermath of
the disputed December 2007 elections, but activists said more
reforms are needed to restore confidence in a notoriously predatory
2009 Sep 9, Conservationists
said poaching and drought-related hunger have killed more than 100
of Kenya's famous elephants in the north of the country so far this
year. Around 23,000 elephants live in Kenya but populations can be
devastated by poaching within a couple of years. A recent survey in
Chad showed its elephant population had declined from 3,800 to just
over 600 in the past three years.
2009 Sep 11, A Kenyan
magistrate sentenced Jon Cardon Wagner, an American who founded a
popular chain of coffee shops, to 15 years' imprisonment for the
statutory rape of three teenage Kenyan girls. Wagner's lawyer
Mohammed Nyaoga said his client is the victim of an extortion racket
and will appeal. Nairobi Java House began a culture of gourmet
coffee drinking nine years ago and now has eight coffee shops in the
2009 Sep 15, In Kenya clashes
between the Samburu and Pokot tribes killed 24 people and wounded
dozens as the country's scorching drought exacerbates tensions over
land and water in the arid north.
2009 Sep 16, Kenyan government
trucks took 1,500 slum residents to new homes as part of a UN-backed
plan to eliminate the shantytowns that house more than half the
2009 Sep 29, Ethiopian and
Kenyan authorities seized more than 2,600 pounds (1,200 kilograms)
of ivory from nearly 100 illegally killed elephants. Specially
trained dogs sniffed out a consignment of bloodstained tusks at
Kenya's national airport. Another shipment of tusks sent by the same
individual had been seized a day earlier at the airport in
2009 Sep 30, Aaron Ringera,
Kenya's anti-corruption chief, resigned after weeks of public
protest and a parliamentary vote against his reappointment. Ringera
led the Kenya Anti-Corruption Commission for five years before
President Mwai Kibaki reappointed him in August. The commission had
not successfully concluded one case of high-level corruption.
Ringera blamed the commission's lack of powers to prosecute.
2009 Oct 16, A top southern
Sudanese official said former enemies in north and south Sudan have
reached agreement on details for a key referendum on the south’s
full independence. Clashes broke out in the remote border region
between southern Sudan and north-west Kenya. At least three Kenyan
soldiers were reported killed in cross border raids.
(AFP, 10/16/09)(AFP, 10/17/09)
2009 Oct 19, In Kenya a 3-story
building collapsed in Nairobi killing at least 6 people with 14 left
(AP, 10/20/09)(SFC, 10/20/09, p.A2)
2009 Oct 23, A Kenyan court
released gang leader, Maina Njenga, after prosecutors dropped 28
murder charges against him. He had been in prison since 2006. His
Mungiki gang was notorious for beheading its victims.
2009 Nov 16, It was reported
that thousands of people, including children, are being secretly
recruited and trained inside Kenya to battle Islamic insurgents in
neighboring Somalia. Recruiters, about 2 months ago, started openly
operating in Kenyan towns and in nearby huts and tents of the
2009 Nov 18, In Uganda a new 12
million dollar family planning drive was launched in Kampala
highlighting how Obama administration funding has revamped a
contraception drive in Africa and developing states. Uganda,
Ethiopia, Nigeria, Senegal, Tanzania and Kenya will share in the
12-million dollar funding, but international organizations still
have to persuade certain African governments that it is in their
interest to curb population growth.
2009 Nov 20, In Tanzania
members of the East Africa Community (Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda,
Tanzania, Uganda) signed a common market agreement in Arusha,
headquarters of the EAC.
2009 Nov 30, Interpol and the
Kenya Wildlife Service said African authorities over the last 3
months had raided shops, intercepted vehicles at checkpoints and
used sniffer dogs to detect and seize over 3,800 pounds (1,768kg) of
illegal elephant ivory in a six-nation operation. This involved the
wildlife authorities, police and customs departments of Burundi,
Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda.
2009 Dec 4, Kenyan health
officials said a cholera epidemic was sweeping across the country
with 4,700 cases reported in the past month along with 119 deaths.
(SFC, 12/5/09, p.A2)
2009 Dec 7, Kenyan police
arrested a suspected weapons smuggler with up to 100,000 bullets and
an assortment of guns, a huge cache in a country with stringent gun
2009 Dec 12, In Kenya 12
players of the Eritrean national football squad failed to show up at
the airport to return home. They were later reported to have
disappeared in Nairobi with the intention of seeking asylum.
2009 Dec 17, Oxfam said some
areas of East Africa had received less than 5% of the normal
November rains and that many people are malnourished in Uganda,
Tanzania, Somalia, Kenya and Ethiopia. It was the sixth failed rainy
season for war-ravaged Somalia and the worst drought there for 20
years. The European Commission announced that it would immediately
release an extra $75 million to fund emergency relief for
drought-stricken areas of East Africa. It estimated that 16 million
people will need aid in the coming months.
2009 Dec 18, Kenya was said to
be steadily losing the democratic gains it has made in recent years
as human rights abuses increase and perpetrators aren't held
accountable according to the Release Political Prisoners Trust, a
human rights watchdog.
2009 Dec 20, Four of the
world's last known 8 northern white rhinos landed in Kenya and were
transported to a game park. No white rhinos are known to remain in
the wild, and the animals transported have produced no offspring
after nearly 24 years in a Czech zoo. Officials hoped the endangered
mammals will reproduce and save their subspecies. Two northern
whites remained behind; two others are in San Diego.
2009 Dec 28, In central Kenya
poachers killed an endangered southern white rhino in a privately
owned ranch and cut off its horns. Wildlife Service rangers tracked
down the suspected poachers and suspected buyers on Dec 3 and caught
them with two rhino horns weighing more than 7 kg (16 pounds) and
647,000 Kenyan shillings ($8,500) in cash. 12 suspects, all of them
Kenyans, were arrested as other suspects escaped.
2009 The book “It's Our Turn to
Eat," written by the veteran British journalist Michaela Wrong, was
published in the UK. It is the story of whistleblower John
Githongo's crusade against political corruption in Kenya. It
portrays President Mwai Kibaki and his ethnic group, despite pledges
to clean up one of the sleaziest bureaucracies in the world, as bent
on making themselves rich and keeping power at all costs.
2010 Jan 4, In Kenya US citizen
Sharon Brown (39) and her daughter Margaux (1) were trampled to
death when a lone elephant charged out of the brush just outside
Mount Kenya National Park.
2010 Jan 5, Sheik Abdullah
el-Faisal, a Jamaican-born radical Muslim cleric, was stuck in Kenya
despite attempts to deport him because other nations are refusing to
allow him to transit through their countries. He has called for
Americans, Hindus and Jews to be killed. The British government has
said he was a key influence on July 7 bomber Jermaine Lindsay.
2010 Jan 5, In Nairobi, Kenya,
public transit was paralyzed after minibus drivers went on a 3-day
strike following claims of extortion and corruption by police.
(SSFC, 1/10/10, p.A4)
2010 Jan 7, Kenya attempted to
deport Sheik Abdullah el-Faisal, a Jamaican-born radical Muslim
cleric, to Gambia after several countries, including the United
States, denied him a transit visa. Kenya's immigration minister said
Gambian authorities have agreed to help el-Faisal find his way home
to Jamaica. Attempts to deport el-Faisal failed because he was
denied a transit visa when he arrived in Nigeria en route to Gambia,
which had agreed to host him. El-Faisal was flown back to Kenya on
(AP, 1/7/10)(AP, 1/11/10)
2010 Jan 15, In Kenya at least
two people were killed during a demonstration in Nairobi by Muslim
youth protesting the arrest of a radical Jamaican-born Muslim cleric
whose teachings influenced one of the 2005 London transport system
2010 Jan 21, In Kenya radical
Muslim cleric Sheik Abdullah el-Faisal was flown out of the country
enroute to Jamaica. El-Faisal once served four years in a British
jail for inciting murder and stirring racial hatred by urging
followers to kill Americans, Hindus and Jews.
2010 Jan 26, In Kenya US
Ambassador Michael Ranneberger said the US has suspended a five-year
plan to fund Kenya's education programs following allegations that
more than $1 million in funds went missing at the Education
Ministry. Britain announced in December it was suspending its
funding of the program.
2010 Mar 25, Kenyan police
arrested an American of Somali origin who was on a terror watch list
as he and two associates attempted to fly to Somalia. American
Suleman Essa, Canadian Ahmed Ali Hassan and Kenyan Muhammed Hussein
Hash were about to board a plane ferrying aid to Somalia when they
were arrested. All 4 were released the next day.
(AP, 3/25/10)(AP, 3/26/10)
2010 Apr 1, Kenya's parliament
unanimously passed a draft constitution that is one of several key
reforms experts say are needed to avoid a repeat of political
violence that shook the country after the disputed 2007 election.
This set the stage for Kenya to go to a referendum on the draft
charter within 90 days, marking the final steps in a decades-long
process to rewrite the constitution.
2010 Apr 1, The International
Criminal Court announced that it will investigate members of Kenya's
two ruling parties on charges that they instigated violence that
killed more than 1,000 people after the disputed 2007 presidential
2010 May 19, Kenya signed a new
treaty for the equitable sharing of waters of the Nile after four
other upstream countries inked the deal last week.
2010 Jun 6, In Kenya police
arrested Philip Onyancha after tracking him down through a mobile
phone he was using to send ransom demands to the family of a
9-year-old kidnap victim. Onyancha soon confessed to killing 19
people in three years and told police he was planning to kill 100
2010 Jun 13, In Kenya 2 grenade
blasts ripped through a downtown Nairobi park at dusk as a rally
against the country's proposed constitution was concluding. 6 people
were killed as the crowd of thousands stampeded out of the park
after the second explosion. Those at the rally opposed the draft
constitution because it would allow abortions in life-threatening
pregnancies and recognize Islamic courts. The draft will be voted on
(AP, 6/14/10)(AP, 6/15/10)(Econ, 6/19/10, p.50)
2010 Jun 17, Human Rights Watch
(HRW) released a report released saying Somalis seeking safety must
first get past abusive Kenyan police trying to take what little they
have left. Kenya's police rejected the report.
2010 Jun 29, In Kenya doctors
drilled a hole in the head of PM Raila Odinga to drain fluids that
were putting pressure on his brain.
2010 Jul 2, Kenyans expressed
outrage after members of parliament this week recommended giving
themselves a $175,000 annual pay package as farmworkers averaged $40
(SFC, 7/2/10, p.A2)
2010 Jul 17, In Kenya Pastor
John Kamau and accomplice Samuel Chege Gitau were arrested with a
substance believed to be ammonium nitrate, a detonator and a safety
2010 Aug 4, Kenyans formed long
lines before sunrise across the country to vote on a new
constitution that would reduce the powers of the presidency in the
nation's first ballot since postelection violence left more than
1,000 dead. 67% of Kenyans backed the new constitution to replace a
British colonial-era draft that inflated the powers of the
president. The new constitution provided for a wider measure of
devolution to 47 new counties.
(AP, 8/4/10)(AP, 8/6/10)(SFC, 8/6/10, p.A3)(Econ,
2010 Aug 24, A Kenyan official
said wildlife officers have seized two tons of elephant ivory and
five rhino horns at the main airport that were to be illegally
shipped to Malaysia.
2010 Aug 26, Interpol said
police have seized about 10 metric tons of counterfeit medicines and
arrested 80 people in a sweep across eastern Africa. Authorities
across Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda and Zanzibar took
part in the bust.
2010 Aug 27, Kenya's President
Mwai Kibaki signed a new constitution into law that institutes a
US-style system of checks and balances and has been hailed as the
most significant political event since Kenya's independence nearly a
half century ago.
2010 Aug 27, Sudan's President
Omar al-Bashir, for whom international arrest warrants have been
issued over the Darfur conflict, returned home after a trip to
2010 Sep 3, Kenya allowed the
International Criminal Court to open an office in the country, a
development that comes after Kenya's commitment to the court came
into question when the nation hosted Sudan's indicted leader last
2010 Sep 6, A Kenyan court
convicted and sentenced seven Somali pirates to five years in jail.
A court in the Kenyan port town of Mombasa found the Somalis guilty
of attacking a German naval supply ship in the Gulf of Aden on March
29 last year.
2010 Sep 15, Uganda police
arrested Al-Amin Kimathi of the Kenyan Muslim Human Rights Forum and
lawyer Mbugua Mureithi as they arrived to attend the hearing of 34
people charged for allegedly taking part in the July 11 bomb
attacks, that targeted large groups gathered to watch the televised
World Cup final. Uganda's police said the two were with a wanted
al-Shabab militant that police had been trailing for days before the
2010 Sep 21, The International
Criminal Court (ICC) said it will launch cases against as many as
six suspected instigators of postelection violence in Kenya that
left more than 1,000 people dead in 2007-08.
2010 Oct 23, In Kenya 7 fans
died in a stampede while trying to enter a stadium where a football
match between two of the country’s most popular teams in Nairobi.
2010 Oct 27, Kenya's foreign
minister Moses Wetangula said he is resigning to allow
investigations into allegations of a multimillion dollar scandal
involving five Kenyan embassies in Africa, Europe and Asia.
2010 Nov 6, In Kenya a police
officer in Siakago town went on a shooting rampage, killing 10
people in three different bars. The man was said to be accusing a
girl of having infected him with HIV and when he went to look for
her he did not find her.
2010 Nov 8, Three gunmen from
Somalia crossed the Kenyan border and killed a community organizer
working with Somali refugees.
2010 Nov 9, A judge in Kenya's
second-highest court said that the country does not have
jurisdiction to try pirates if attacks have taken place outside
Kenya's waters, a decision that could harm US and international
efforts to have pirates tried in East Africa.
2010 Nov 16, The United States
said it has banned four senior Kenyan government officials and a
prominent Kenyan businessman from traveling to the US because they
are suspected of being involved in drug trafficking.
2010 Nov 26, Kenya’s Wildlife
Service said its agents shot dead 2 suspected poachers shooting at a
herd of elephants in a national park.
(SFC, 11/27/10, p.A2)
2010 Nov 28, Kenya’s PM Raila
Odinga said homosexuals who are found in the midst of sex acts will
be arrested. Odinga's spokesman said in a statement later that night
that the prime minister was quoted out of context.
2010 Dec 3, In Kenya two
attacks in Nairobi killed three police officers. Police asked the US
FBI for help and hoped that advanced forensics would determine
whether the attacks were linked and if they were carried out by
2010 Dec 15, Kenya's police
commissioner said authorities will act swiftly and firmly against
any outbreaks of violence connected to the announcement of suspects
by the International Criminal Court's prosecutor. ICC prosecutor
Luis Moreno Ocampo was expected to announce the names of six Kenyan
leaders suspected of fanning the flames of violence after the
country's December 2007 presidential election. Officials from the
UK, Canada, World Bank and UNICEF demanded that the Kenyan
government prosecute corrupt officials who stole money earmarked to
help send poor children to school.
2010 Kenya’s technology-related
services exploded to $360 million, compared to $16 million in 2002.
Products were designed for mobile phones rather than computers.
(Economist, 8/25/12, p.52)
2010 The population of Kenya
was estimated at over 40 million.
(Econ, 2/20/10, p.46)
2011 Jan 4, Kenya's
industrialization minister resigned over a car imports scandal that
will see the country's anti-graft agency taking him to court on
2011 Jan 20, In Kenya photos on
the front page of Daily Nation, Kenya's largest newspaper, showed
shocking images of what appeared to be undercover police shooting
three compliant suspects at point-blank range in the middle of the
day on a busy Nairobi highway. 3 police officers were suspended and
placed under investigation.
(AP, 1/20/11)(SFC, 1/20/11, p.A2)
2011 Apr 27, Kenya's government
said it is removing the tax on maize and wheat imports in a bid to
cushion citizens from the effects of rising global food prices. PM
Raila Odinga told parliament that the government also wants to
remove all taxes on kerosene, the main fuel used for cooking.
2011 May 6, Kenyan authorities
said they have seized the tusks of 58 elephants, totaling one ton of
ivory, after sniffer dogs led investigators to containers at the
country's main airport that were bound for Nigeria.
2011 May 8, In Kenya four
children were killed and one seriously injured after playing with
unexploded ordnance they found near a military training ground near
the village of Ole Maroroi.
2011 Jun 22, Kenyan activists
demanded the arrest of the education minister over revelations that
$45 million donated for elementary education was stolen. A
government audit last week found that $45 million in education
funding had been stolen, far above the $1 million a 2009 audit found
had been stolen.
2011 Jun 24, UNESCO added the
Ningaloo Coast in Western Australia, Japan's remote Ogasawara
Islands and the Kenya Lake System in the Rift Valley province, to
its heritage list.
2011 Jun 27, Kenya's PM Raila
Odinga paid more than $37,000 in back taxes to abide by a new
constitution that requires lawmakers to pay taxes on their hefty
allowances. Kenya's Revenue Authority last week said lawmakers'
properties will be auctioned if they don't each pay nearly $21,000
in back taxes.
2011 Jun 28, In Kenya the aid
group Save the Children said more than 800 Somali children arrive
each day at overcrowded refugee camps in the northeast to escape a
devastating drought in their war-ravaged country. They were among
nearly 1,300 people who arrive each day at the Dadaab refugee camps.
2011 Jun 30, In Kenya two
people were killed and dozens injured after a riot broke out in part
of the Dadaab camp, Africa's biggest refugee camp, where thousands
of Somali refugees have been arriving weekly in search of food and
shelter. The population at Dadaab camp surpassed 370,000 last week
and showed no sign of stabilizing.
2011 Jul 10, The head of the UN
refugee agency said that drought-ridden Somalia is the "worst
humanitarian disaster" in the world. The World Food Program
estimated that 10 million people already need humanitarian aid. More
than 380,000 refugees had moved into Kenya’s Dabaab refugee camp.
2011 Jul 12, Aid organization
CARE said that cases of rape and violence against women and girls
fleeing to an overcrowded refugee camp in Kenya have risen sharply
this year. CARE said 136 cases had been reported since January in
two of three camps in Dadaab in the east of Kenya, compared to 66 in
the same period in 2010.
2011 Jul 13, The United Nations
made its first aid delivery to a rebel-held Somalia region after the
insurgents lifted a ban on the operations of foreign aid agencies.
The worst drought in 60 years affected over 10 million people in
northern Kenya, south-eastern Ethiopia, southern Somalia and
(AFP, 7/17/11)(Econ, 7/9/11, p.44)
2011 Jul 15, UNICEF said at
least 17,584 measles cases, including 114 deaths, have been reported
by Ethiopian health officials in the first half of the year. The WHO
said says at least 462 cases of measles, including 11 deaths, have
been confirmed in recent months among Somali refugee children in the
Kenyan refugee complex known as Dadaab.
2011 Jul 20, Kenyan authorities
burned five tons of contraband elephant ivory in hopes of raising
awareness about rising levels of poaching. Africa had 1.3 million
elephants in the 1970s but only 500,000 remained today.
2011 Aug 19, The UN said tens
of thousands of people have already died in Djibouti, Ethiopia,
Kenya and Somalia. It warned that the famine has not peaked and that
12 million people in the area need food aid.
2011 Aug 20, In central Kenya a
group of 23 relatives and friends were killed after their minibus
lost control, hit the barrier of a bridge and crashed down a rocky
slope before landing in a dry river bed 90 miles east of Nairobi.
2011 Sep 6, The chairman of the
Kenya National Union of Teachers said 200,000 teachers in public
schools have started a strike to protest the diversion of funds
meant to hire more teachers and ease classroom overcrowding. The
money has gone to the ministry of defense. The government soon said
it will make all 18,000 temporary teachers permanent and hire 5,000
extra teachers in January. On Sep 9 union head Wilson Sossion said
the union accepts the terms but will formally endorse them on Sep
(AP, 9/6/11)(SFC, 9/7/11, p.A2)(AP, 9/9/11)
2011 Sep 7, Kenya handed
two-time world marathon champion Abel Kirui a three-rank promotion
in the national administration police force in recognition for his
stunning weekend victory at the world athletics championships in
Daegu, South Korea.
2011 Sep 7, In Somalia the
al-Shabab Islamist militia said they have captured two Kenyan
soldiers near the country's shared border.
2011 Sep 9, In Kenya thieves
broke into the offices of a Kenyan investigative magazine, the
Nairobi Law Monthly, and stole computers containing information
about government corruption.
2011 Sep 11, Kenya police said
armed men killed a British man and kidnapped his wife from a beach
resort in the north near the border with lawless Somalia. Publishing
executive David Tebbutt (58) was killed his wife Judith (56) was
taken hostage. On Sep 19 Kenyan Ali Babitu Kololo was charged with
robbery with violence and kidnapping with intention to murder in the
northern coastal town of Lamu. On Sep 21 Issa Sheikh Said was also
charged with robbery with violence and kidnapping with intention to
murder. On July 29, 2013, Kololo was sentenced to death.
(AP, 9/11/11)(Reuters, 9/19/11)(AP,
2011 Sep 12, In Kenya a leaking
gasoline pipeline in Nairobi exploded, turning part of a slum into
an inferno. At least 95 people were killed and more than 100 hurt.
(AP, 9/12/11)(AFP, 9/13/11)(AP, 9/14/11)
2011 Sep 14, Kenya police said
two women and 15 men have died since Sep 11 in different bars in
Nyahururu town after ingesting a locally brewed alcoholic drink. 9
people were reported arrested in connection with the mass poisoning.
2011 Sep 15, Somalia officials
and residents said Kenyan helicopter gunships fired missiles around
Elwak region near the Kenyan border. Explosions were also heard
around the Islamist controlled Kismayo region in the south of the
2011 Sep 25, Wangari Maathai
(71), Kenyan environmental activist and Nobel Prize winner (2004),
died. She founded the Green Belt Movement in 1977.
2011 Sep 27, The 6th annual
Internet Governance Forum opened in Nairobi, Kenya. The theme this
year was “Internet as a catalyst for change: access, development,
freedoms and innovation."
(Econ, 10/1/11, p.63)(www.intgovforum.org/cms/)
2011 Oct 1, In Kenya 10 gunmen
snatched Marie Dedieu (66), a disabled Frenchwoman, from her home
near a luxury resort on Manda island and then fled towards Somalia.
Kenyan coastguards attempted to intercept them at sea. Several of
the abductors were injured but they managed to enter Somalia.
(AP, 10/1/11)(AFP, 10/2/11)
2011 Oct 13, Somali Islamist
Shebab rebels kidnapped two female Spanish aid workers from Kenya's
Dadaab refugee camp, the third kidnapping of foreigners in just over
2011 Oct 16, Kenyan military
forces moved into southern Somalia, a day after top Kenyan defense
officials said the country has the right to defend itself after a
rash of militant kidnappings of Europeans inside Kenya.
2011 Oct 16, Kenya police
arrested two British men (18), one of Pakistani origin and the other
of Somali origin, in the resort town of Lamu on suspicion of trying
to join Somali militants. Police said the men would be deported.
Mohamed Mohamed Abdallah, of Somali descent, and Iqbal Shahzad, of
Pakistani descent were deported to Britain on Oct 26. British
authorities arrested them under terrorism laws and then freed them
six hours later.
(AP, 10/18/11)(AFP, 10/20/11)
2011 Oct 17, Somalia's
al-Shabab militant group threatened Kenya with suicide attacks,
saying Nairobi's skyscrapers would be destroyed and its tourism
industry ruined in an ominous warning one day after Kenyan troops
poured into Somalia.
2011 Oct 18, In Somalia a
suicide car bomb exploded near the Foreign Ministry, killing at
least four people even as Somali and Kenyan leaders met and agreed
to cooperate on military action against Islamist insurgents. Kenyan
operations were limited to the Lower Juba region.
(AP, 10/18/11)(AP, 10/19/11)
2011 Oct 19, Kenyan jets struck
in Somalia in a bid to rid the border area of Islamist rebels blamed
for a spate of abductions, including that of a French woman who died
in captivity. The foreign ministry in Paris announced the death of
Marie Dedieu (66), a wheelchair-bound woman who was snatched from
her beach house in the Kenyan resort of Lamu earlier this month and
taken to Somalia by her kidnappers. The first attack reportedly saw
the death of 73 Shebab. Kenyan deaths included five killed in a
2011 Oct 20, Kenya said it
intends to push its troops to Somalia's insurgent stronghold of
Kismayo and will stay until there are no Islamist insurgents left.
2011 Oct 20, Kenyan police
arrested Imam Hassan Mahat Omar, a Muslim cleric on a UN sanctions
list, over his alleged support of an al-Qaida-linked militant group
in neighboring Somalia. 9 other people were arrested including 2
doctors who ran a clinic in the predominantly Somali neighborhood of
2011 Oct 20, France said that
the Somali kidnappers of Marie Dedieu (66), a disabled Frenchwoman
who died after being snatched from her home in Kenya, are demanding
a ransom for the return of her body.
2011 Oct 23, Kenya warplanes
targeted the Shebab-held Somali port city of Kismayo as troops
advanced on the insurgents. The US warned of an imminent threat of
attack on foreigners in Kenya.
2011 Oct 24, In Kenya one
person was killed and 29 were wounded in two grenade attacks in
Nairobi. Police the next day arrested a suspect with 13 grenades and
six guns. On Oct 26 suspect Elgiva Bwire Oliacha (28) said he is a
member of the al-Qaida-linked Somali militant group al-Shabab.
Oliacha had supplied the grenades to Felix Otuko. On Oct 28 Oliacha
was sentenced to life in prison. Felix Otuko, suspected of carrying
out the two grenade attacks, was killed in a standoff with police on
May 18, 2013.
(AP, 10/26/11)(AP, 10/28/11)(AP, 5/19/13)
2011 Oct 24, A French military
spokesman said France would soon help supply Kenyan troops fighting
2011 Oct 24, US Secretary of
State Hillary Clinton pledged another $100 million in food aid to
drought-hit East Africa amid warnings that millions of people face
starvation for drought-affected areas in Ethiopia, Kenya and
2011 Oct 27, Kenyan troops
clashed heavily with Shebab fighters in southern Somalia, the latest
battle since an unprecedented military incursion 12 days ago, while
four people were killed in a rocket attack in northern Kenya.
2011 Oct 29, In Somalia at
least 10 people died during an insurgent attack on an African Union
base in Mogadishu. Kenya said its troops will stay in southern
Somalia until Kenyans feel safe again, raising questions about
whether Kenya risks becoming bogged down in an open-ended occupation
of its war-ravaged neighbor. The Shebab claimed to have killed 80
Ugandan soldiers in the battle. A Shebab spokesman said American
citizen of Somali origin was said to have been one of the two
suicide bombers behind the twin attack.
(AP, 10/29/11)(AP, 10/30/11)
2011 Oct 30, A Kenyan raid on a
southern Somali town killed at least five civilians, including three
children. Kenya insists it hit a Shebab target but witnesses and aid
sources said one bomb ploughed into a camp of displaced civilians.
The air raid struck a camp hosting 9,000 internally-displaced
Somalis in Jilib.
2011 Oct 31, Kenya and Somalia
called for other nations to help in their fight against Islamist
(SFC, 11/1/11, p.A3)
2011 Nov 1, Kenya's military
said it had reliable information that two aircraft landed in the
Somali town of Baidoa with weapons on board intended for al-Shabab
2011 Nov 2, Kenyan military
spokesman Maj. Emmanuel Chirchir said that military planes would
target and attack weapons flown into the Somali town of Baidoa so
they cannot be used. A July UN report said illicit flights with
weapons or fighters for Somali militants could be originating from
Eritrea, Yemen or the United Arab Emirates. The report also said
Eritrea gives about $80,000 a month to al-Shabab-linked individuals
2011 Nov 5, In Kenya attackers
threw a grenade at a house inside a compound of the East African
Pentecostal Church in Garissa late in the day, killing two people
2011 Nov 11, Kenyan military
and Somali government forces killed 4 al-Shabab members.
2011 Nov 12, A Kenyan official
said more than 30 Kenya-based members of Somalia's top militant
group have accepted a police amnesty and are providing information
to help Kenyan police secure the country against threatened suicide
attacks by the group. Kenyan and Somali government troops killed
nine members of an al-Qaida-linked militant group they were pursuing
(AP, 11/12/11)(AP, 11/13/11)
2011 Nov 14, A Kenya government
statement said PM Raila Odinga asked Israeli President Shimon Peres
for assistance in building the capacity of the Kenyan police to deal
with attacks by al-Shabab militants.
2011 Nov 16, The presidents of
Kenya, Uganda and Somalia said the dual-fronted fight against
Islamist al-Shabab militants presents a "historic opportunity" to
restore stability in Somalia.
2011 Nov 24, Kenya said its
warplanes destroyed two Islamist insurgent bases in neighboring
Somalia. Two grenade attacks in the eastern town of Garissa close to
the border with Somalia killed three people and injured 27.
2011 Nov 28, A Kenyan judge
issued a warrant for Sudan's President Omar al-Bashir, wanted by an
international court for genocide, after the government failed to
arrest him during a visit last year.
2011 Dec 3, The Kenyan army
said it had lost four troops killed in action against Somalia's
Shebab Islamist rebels while 10 had been hospitalized with wounds
since it launched its incursion in mid-October.
2011 Dec 5, Kenya military jets
bombed two al-Shabab camps in Somalia, killing an unknown number of
militants. 5 al-Shabab fighters on a boat attacked a Kenyan naval
vessel. The navy sunk the attacking boat. A roadside bomb exploded
in Kenya’s largest refugee camp near the border with Somalia,
killing one police officer and wounding three.
(AP, 12/5/11)(AP, 12/6/11)
2011 Dec 6, Kenya’s military
reported a large battle over the weekend (Dec 3-4) in which it said
11 Somali government soldiers and more than 40 al-Shabab fighters
2011 Dec 7, The Kenyan
parliament approved a plan for their troops in southern Somalia to
join a 9,000 strong African Union force supporting the weak
UN-backed government based in Mogadishu.
2011 Dec 7, In Kenya hundreds
of doctors from public medical facilities marched through Nairobi to
demand a larger stock of drugs in their hospitals, better equipment
and better pay.
2011 Dec 8, The World Bank said
high food and fuel prices, the Horn of Africa drought and the euro
crisis will dampen Kenya's economic growth in 2011, and possibly
2011 Dec 11, In northern Kenya
twin blasts killed one police officer and wounded nine soldiers, in
the latest in a string of attacks since Kenyan troops crossed the
border into Somalia two months ago.
2011 Dec 12, In Kenya an
explosion wounded six people, including a high-ranking intelligence
official, in the northern town of Wajir during celebrations of
Kenya's Independence Day.
2011 Dec 19, In Kenya a police
officer was killed and two others seriously wounded after a
suspected landmine attack on their patrol vehicle in the northern
Dadaab refugee camp.
2011 Dec 20, Kenyan military
jets targeted several locations in Hosingow in the Lower Juba region
of Somalia, close to the Kenyan border. 11 people, most of them
civilians, were reported killed in the raid.
2011 Dec 22, Kenyan authorities
said they have seized 727 pieces of ivory in a container at the main
port of Mombasa in one of the largest hauls of tusks in recent
years. The items were wrapped in plastic bags in a container which
documents said was destined for Dubai.
2011 Dec 29, Kenyan troops
clashed with Somalia's Al-Qaeda linked Shebab militants leaving
several dead, the latest casualties in weeks of dragging conflict in
2011 Dec 31, In Kenya 5 people
were killed in a New Year's Eve hand grenade attack and shooting in
a bar in the eastern town of Garissa near the border with Somalia.
The assailants were described as four men dressed in military
2011 Dec, In Kenya founder
Anthony Ragui (37) launched www.ipaidabribe.or.ke, a website where
people can share their stories on corruption a bribery. He used
software from an Indian site, also called ipaidabribe, that has
collected information on more than 15,000 bribes since it was put up
2012 Jan 1, In Kenya at least
eight people drowned after a boat capsized in rough seas off the
Kenyan tourist island of Lamu. More than 20 of the over 80
passengers on board were unaccounted for.
2012 Jan 4, Kenya's military
said its forces killed three militant fighters from al-Shabab in a
battle in Somalia. A Kenyan soldier was also killed in the battle.
2012 Jan 5, Wilson Sossion of
the Kenya National Union of Teachers said that rioting parents have
forcefully closed at least 10 primary schools. They are angry that
their children failed national exams that determine if the children
get into high school.
2012 Jan 6, Kenyan police
seized landmines and homemade explosive devices in Dadaab, the
world's largest refugee camp and site of several attacks and blasts
in recent months.
2012 Jan 6, In Somalia at least
60 al-Shabab militants were killed in Kenyan airstrikes on
Garbaharey town, a base of the al-Qaida-linked group.
2012 Jan 11, In Kenya alleged
Somali Islamist gunmen killed six Kenyans including four policemen
and abducted three others, in the northeastern region bordering
2012 Jan 12, Human Rights
Watch (HRW) warned that Kenyan security forces were abusing
civilians and Somali refugees in northeastern regions.
2012 Jan 13, Kenyan police
arrested 29 Ugandans suspected of seeking to join Islamist rebels in
2012 Jan 15, Two Kenyan fighter
jets, apparently targeting a southern Somali militant camp, instead
killed five children in Jilib according to an insurgent spokesman
and residents. A resident said she saw 2 dead al-Shabab fighters
being transported after the attack.
2012 Jan 18, Aid agencies said
thousands of people, more than half of them children, died
needlessly and millions of dollars were wasted because the
international community did not respond to early warnings of an
impending famine in East Africa. Earlier this week food donated by
Cargill, the Minnesota-based producer and marketer of food,
agricultural, financial and industrial products, was delivered to
communities in need in Kenya. Cargill donated 10,000 metric tons of
rice to World Food Program USA. The donation, the largest ever food
donation to WFP USA, would feed nearly 1 million people for a month.
2012 Jan 23, The International
Criminal Court ruled that two leading presidential hopefuls are
among four prominent Kenyans whom should face trial over deadly
post-election violence four years ago. The ICC said charges of
crimes against humanity had been confirmed against William Ruto and
Uhuru Kenyatta, the son of the country's founding president. Radio
host Joshua arap Sang (36) and Francis Muthaura (65), the head of
Kenya's civil service, will also face trial.
2012 Jan 26, Kenyan Finance
Minister Uhuru Kenyatta resigned after the International Criminal
Court ruled this week he should stand trial for his alleged role in
2007-8 post-election violence. Head of public service Francis
Muthaura, one of the most influential men in President Mwai Kibaki's
circle, who also had the charges against him confirmed by The
Hague-based court, resigned as well. Kenyatta, one of Africa's
wealthiest men, and Muthaura, often described as Kibaki's right-hand
man, faced five counts including orchestrating murder, rape,
forcible transfer and persecution in the aftermath of the December
2012 Jan 29, Kenyan police
arrested Abdi Rogo Mohammed, a Muslim preacher. They said they found
a cache of weapons in his house. He had been previously arrested but
acquitted of the 2002 bombing of an Israeli-owned hotel near Mombasa
which killed 15 people.
(AFP, 1/29/12)(AP, 1/30/12)
2012 Feb 3, In Kenya gunmen
opened fire in Garissa, killing two people. In western Kenya a truck
crashed into a minibus killing 25 people in Kisumu city.
(AP, 2/3/12)(AP, 2/4/12)
2012 Feb 10, The International
Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies said more than
40,000 people have fled recent clashes between two northern Kenyan
tribes over access to water and pasture. The clashes pit two
traditional rivals, the Borana and the Gabra, around the town of
Moyale on the Ethiopian border.
2012 Mar 2, Kenya launched the
construction of a massive port, railway and refinery near a
UNESCO-listed Indian Ocean island in a project it bills as the
biggest ever in an African nation. Residents of the coastal island
of Lamu had protested against the planned port.
(AP, 3/2/12)(AFP, 3/2/12)
2012 Mar 8, Kenya sacked 25,000
nurses taking part in a strike, creating a potentially devastating
shortage. The nurses went on strike on March 1 to protest the
government's failure to implement a salary increase agreed last
2012 Mar 9, In Kenya hundreds
of nurses marched through the capital in a demand for better pay,
even after the government sacked all 25,000 taking part in the
2012 Mar 10, In Kenya a grenade
attack blamed on Somali Islamist militia killed six people and
wounded 42 at the Machakos bus terminus in Nairobi. 3 more people
died of their wounds over the next two days. Four grenades were
thrown only yards apart from a car driving past the busy terminal. 4
people were soon arrested.
(AFP, 3/11/12)(AP, 3/12/12)(AFP, 3/13/12)
2012 Mar 12, Kenya said it will
avail 4,660 soldiers to the African Union force in Somalia, where it
already has troops fighting the Al Qaeda-linked Shebab insurgents.
2012 Mar 14, In Kenya tens of
thousands of nurses agreed to end a two-week strike after talks with
PM Raila Odinga, who revoked their mass dismissal during the
standoff. It was agreed that all the issues raised by the health
workers would be addressed exhaustively.
2012 Mar 20, Kenya wildlife
officials said fires raging across Mount Kenya may have been set by
poachers trying to create a diversion from their illegal attacks on
(SFC, 3/21/12, p.A2)
2012 Mar 21, British hostage
Judith Tebbutt (57), captured in Kenya on Sep 11, 2011, ago by
gunmen who killed her husband, was released in central Somalia and
flown out to Nairobi.
2012 Mar 26, Kenya’s President
Mwai Kibaki said oil has been struck in the northwestern Turkana
region after exploratory drilling by Anglo-Irish firm Tullow Oil.
Commercial viability was yet to be established.
2012 Apr 4, In Kenya massive
boulders crashed onto houses in Mathare, a Nairobi slum, killing at
least six people and trapping many underground after a night of
2012 Apr 16, Kenyan priest John
Webootsa was awarded a French-German human rights prize for his work
in Korogocho slum, one of the most overcrowded slums in Kenya.
2012 Apr 16, In San Francisco
the annual Goldman Environmental Prizes were presented 6
individuals. They included Sofia Gatica of Argentina work on
diseases related to agrochemicals; Caroline Canon of Alaska for her
village efforts against oil drilling in the Arctic Ocean; Ma Jun of
China for his efforts on air and water violations by major
manufacturers; Ikal Angelei of Kenya for her efforts to protect Lake
Turkana; Evgenia Chirikova of Russia for her efforts to protect the
Khimki Forest; and Father Edwin Gariguez of the Philippines for
advocating against mining developments on indigenous lands.
(SFC, 4/16/12, p.A10)
2012 Apr 21, Kenyan rangers
shot dead five suspected elephant poachers overnight in a firefight
at Chepareria in West Pokot County.
2012 Apr 22, In Kenya 7 people
were killed when flash floods hit as they were trekking through
Hell's Gate national park.
2012 Apr 22, Kenya's Wilson
Kipsang and Mary Keitany triumphed in the London Marathon. Claire
Squires (30) collapsed and died near the end of her charity run in
(AFP, 4/22/12)(SFC, 4/25/12, p.A2)
2012 Apr 24, In Kenya a stone
thrown by a rioter killed one protester in the coastal city of
Mombasa after police blocked members of an outlawed group from
entering a court house. Riot police fired teargas to stop more than
100 members of the Mombasa Republican Council (MRC) from reaching
the court to hear a case in which they are challenging the ban on
their group. The MRC has repeatedly claimed that the Mombasa region,
predominantly Muslim, is not part of Kenya.
2012 Apr 29, In Kenya one
person died and 15 people were wounded when a grenade was thrown at
God's House of Miracles International Church in Nairobi during
Sunday service. A church elder said his church may have been
targeted by neighbors who claim to own the land on which it is
built. On May 15 police charged Ibrahim Kibe Kagwa, a Kenyan, with
six counts of causing grievous body harm during the grenade attack.
(AP, 4/29/12)(AP, 5/16/12)
2012 May 15, In Kenya a
landmine killed a policeman and seriously wounded two others, when
it exploded beneath their vehicle as they escorted aid workers near
the sprawling Dadaab refugee camp. Attackers fired shots and
detonated four grenades outside a nightclub in the coastal town of
Mombasa after they were denied entry, killing a security guard and
wounding 4 people. One suspect was arrested. Both attacks were
blamed on Kenyan recruits of the al-Shabab Somali militant group.
(AFP, 5/15/12)(AP, 5/16/12)
2012 May 22, Sri Lankan
authorities seized 1.5 tons of African ivory marked as plastic waste
and addressed to a buyer in Dubai. They informed the authorities in
the United Arab Emirates and Kenya to take action against the
shipper and the consignee.
2012 May 23, In Kenya Sylvester
Opiyo, also known as Musa Osodo, was abducted by armed men after the
car he was traveling in with five other people broke down in western
Kenya. Police have denied they are holding him. Opiyo, sympathetic
to the Somali militant group al-Shabab, was arrested in March after
three grenades were thrown at a Nairobi bus stop, killing nine
people. He was released without charge.
2012 May 28, In Kenya a blast
ripped through shops in central Nairobi, killing one person and
wounding dozens in what PM Odinga called a "terrorist" attack
despite initial police reports of an accidental cause.
(AFP, 5/28/12)(AP, 5/31/12)
2012 May 30, The Somali
militant group al-Shabab threatened to bring down skyscrapers in
Kenya within two weeks, a warning that followed a bomb attack in
Nairobi's city center. Kenya naval forces bombarded the Somali town
of Kismayo, a key stronghold of the Al-Qaida-linked al-Shabab.
Ground troops attacked Afmadhow.
(AP, 5/31/12)(SFC, 5/31/12, p.A2)
2012 May, In Kenya Magd Najjar,
a Swiss national, was arrested. On June 6 he was charged in Nairobi
of "engaging in organized criminal activities by being a member of
2012 Jun 2, Kenyan troops were
officially integrated into the African Union's peacekeeping mission
in Somalia (AMISOM), with Kenya's defense minister signing an
agreement at AU headquarters in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
2012 Jun 10, Kenya's Internal
Security Minister George Saitoti (66) was killed with five other
people in a helicopter crash near Nairobi.
2012 Jun 19, Double amputee
Spencer West completed his ascent of Mount Kilimanjaro, in Tanzania.
West (31) of Canada, lost the use of both legs at the age of five.
West and his two best friends, David Johnson and Alex Meers made the
ascent to raise money for Free the Children, an organization that
supplies drinking water to hundreds of people in Kenya.
2012 Jun 20, In Kenya 6 lions
were speared to death overnight on the outskirts of Nairobi after
they strayed from the city's national park and killed four goats.
Kenya has been losing 100 lions a year for the best part of the past
decade, leaving the country with just 2,000 of its famous big cats.
On June 22 an official said Maasai warriors who speared to death the
six lions will be arrested for killing wildlife.
(AFP, 6/20/12)(AP, 6/22/12)
2012 Jun 19, Kenyan police
officers arrested two Iranians suspected of being involved in
terrorism. Officials later said the men, who led authorities to a
cache of explosives after their arrest, planned to attack Israeli,
US, British or Saudi targets inside Kenya.
(AP, 6/22/12)(AFP, 7/3/12)
2012 Jun 24, In Kenya a grenade
and gunfire attack on a bar outside the coastal city of Mombasa left
at least 3 people dead and some 25 wounded.
2012 Jun 28, In Kenya
demonstrators in Nairobi left 49 mock coffins at the gates of
parliament to bury 49 years of impunity, charging political rulers
with corruption and calling for change ahead of elections due next
year. Kenya has been mired in multiple corruption scandals since
independence in 1963, but high level suspects have seldom faced
2012 Jun 29, In Kenya gunmen
killed at least one person and kidnapped 4 aid workers in the Dadaab
refugee camp complex near the border with war-torn Somalia. The 4
aid workers were released safely in southern Somalia after a short
overnight gunfight on July 2.
(AFP, 6/29/12)(AFP, 7/2/12)
2012 Jul 1, In Kenya gunmen
killed 17 people and wounded dozens in gun and grenade attacks on
two churches in the town of Garissa near the border with Somalia.
2012 Jul 4, Three Kenyan
musicians were charged for inciting ethnic violence through their
songs, under laws set up following deadly post-poll violence four
2012 Jul 13, Thailand customs
officials discovered a half ton of ivory hidden in crates aboard a
flight from Kenya. One official estimated that the 158 pieces of
ivory were from the tusks of around 50 elephants.
2012 Jul 27, In Kenya Olga
Fonseca Gimenez (57), the charge d'affaires and acting ambassador of
Venezuela, was found dead at her official residence in Nairobi.
Police said she was murdered by strangulation. Fonseca arrived in
Kenya in July to replace Ambassador Gerardo Carillo-Silva, who had
fled the country after three male workers at the ambassador's
residence filed a complaint with the police accusing him of sexual
harassment. Dwight Sagaray, First Secretary at the embassy, was
arrested the next day in connection to the murder.
(AP, 7/27/12)(AFP, 7/30/12)
2012 Aug 3, In Kenya a grenade
attack killed one person in a Somali suburb of Nairobi, on the eve
of a visit by US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton to the city.
2012 Aug 6, Kenyan authorities
charged Dwight Sagaray, the first secretary of Venezuela's embassy,
with the murder of that country's acting ambassador to Kenya. Police
believed the killing was motivated by a battle over embassy
leadership. Mohamed Ahmed Mohamed Hassan, Sagaray's friend and an
alleged co-conspirator, was also charged. Prosecutor Tabitha Ouya
said the two suspects strangled Olga Fonseca Gimenez on the night of
July 26 to 27.
2012 Aug 12, In Kenya three
Russian-made Mi-24 combat helicopters from Uganda went down in a
remote mountainous region. One was found a day later, with all seven
servicemen on board rescued. 3 soldiers were later confirmed dead in
another crash. 8 surviving Ugandan servicemen were found on Aug 14.
The helicopters were flying to Somalia to support African Union
troops battling Shebab insurgents linked to Al-Qaeda.
(AFP, 8/14/12)(AP, 8/15/12)
2012 Aug 22, In southeast Kenya
at least 52 people were killed in clashes over land between pastoral
and farming communities. Another 50 were missing. Last week the
Orma, a pastoralist community, attacked Pokomo
(AP, 8/22/12)(AP, 8/23/12)
2012 Aug 23, Kenya's government
said it will conduct a countrywide operation to disarm all
communities with illegal weapons.
2012 Aug 27, In Kenya deadly
riots broke out in Kenya's main port of Mombasa after the
assassination of a radical cleric linked to Somalia's
Al-Qaeda-allied Shebab militants. Thousands of angry protestors took
to the streets after Aboud Rogo Mohammed, who was on US and UN
sanction lists for allegedly supporting the Shebab, was shot dead.
One civilian was killed in the riots.
(AFP, 8/27/12)(AP, 8/29/12)
2012 Aug 28, In Kenya angry
youths threw a grenade at a police truck, killing a prison officer
and injuring 16 officers as riots rocked the port city of Mombasa
for a 2nd day after the killing of a radical Islamist cleric. Two
more officers died of their wounds the next day.
(AFP, 8/28/12)(AP, 8/29/12)
2012 Aug, Yao Ming, former
basketball star and a goodwill ambassador to WildAid, a nonprofit
dedicated to ending illegal wildlife trading, took a trip to Kenya,
where he spent several days interacting with wildlife officials and
seeing some of the effects of poaching. Ming accepted to work as an
ambassador for elephant conservationists hoping to convice the
Chinese public not to buy trinkets from African ivory.
(Econ, 11/3/12, p.48)(http://tinyurl.com/au6uxs5)
2012 Sep 4, The Kenyan Navy
said it has shelled Somalia's port town of Kismayo, the remaining
significant stronghold of al-Qaida-linked militants, in preparation
for the ground forces to capture the town. 7 people believed to be
members of the al-Shabab militia group were killed in the shelling
that occurred on Sep 1 and Sep 3.
2012 Sep 7, In southeastern
Kenya fighting between a community of cattle herders and farmers
over land and water killed 12 people in Tana River delta.
2012 Sep 10, In southeast Kenya
clashes between farmers and herders escalated with 38 people killed,
including nine police officers. The Red Cross suggested the military
be deployed to the area.
2012 Sep 11, In Kenya armed
raiders killed four people in the southeast despite a dusk-to-dawn
curfew to prevent further clashes between two tribes that have left
more than 100 people dead.
2012 Sep 14, Kenyan police
disrupted a major terrorist attack in its final stages of planning,
arresting two people with explosive devices and seizing a cache of
weapons and ammunition. A manhunt was launched for eight more
suspects including would-be bombers and the masterminds behind the
2012 Sep 25, Kenya's military
said that its bombing of the Somali port city of Kismayo destroyed a
warehouse and armory belonging to the Islamist militant group
al-Shabab, which controls the city.
2012 Sep 28, One Somali
journalist was shot dead by gunmen. A second journalist, a day
earlier, was beheaded and his body dumped in the street. The two
attacks brought the number of Somali journalists killed this year to
15. Kenyan troops invaded Kismayo, al-Shabab's last stronghold in
Somalia, coming ashore in a predawn assault.
2012 Sep 30, In Kenya an
explosive device set off in a Sunday school class killed one child
and seriously wounded three. The Somali militant group al-Shabab
were suspected behind the attack at an Anglican church in Nairobi.
2012 Oct 5, Britain's High
Court ruled that three elderly Kenyans tortured during a rebellion
against British colonial rule can proceed with compensation claims
against the British government.
2012 Oct 9, Kenya's President
Mwai Kibaki vetoed a move by the country's parliament to award
legislators bonuses of up to $110,000 at the end of their term next
year. The legislators last week quietly awarded themselves the
bonuses, sparking public outrage. Earlier this year parliament
inaugurated a new 350-seat chamber, where each of the seats cost
2012 Oct 15, In Kenya 3 members
of the Mombasa Republican Council, a banned secessionist group, were
killed when its leader Omar Hamisi Mwamnuadzi was arrested. The
group had won a court battle this year to get legal status.
(Econ, 11/3/12, p.48)
2012 Oct 17, In Kenya a terror
suspect threw a grenade at officers, wounding four of them in the
Mombasa area. Three suspects were killed in the clash.
2012 Oct 20, Hong Kong
officials said customs officers have confiscated 4 tons of ivory
valued at $3.4 million in containers shipped from Tanzania and
(SSFC, 10/21/12, p.A4)
2012 Oct 31, A top a top Kenyan
official said more than 2,700 African Union troops from Uganda have
died in Somalia. About three dozen Kenyan forces have died there
over the last year.
2012 Nov 2, In Kenya a
separatist leader said the Mombasa Republican Council will not
allow the coast to take part in general elections in March if their
succession demands are not met.
2012 Nov 10, In
northwestern Kenya at least 34 police officers were killed when they
were ambushed while pursuing men who had stolen cattle. 7 officers
(AP, 11/12/12)(SFC, 11/13/12, p.A3)
2012 Nov 18, In Kenya an
explosion on a bus in Nairobi killed 7 people and wounded 29. A UN
Security official at the scene of the explosion said the blast was
caused by an improvised explosive device.
(AP, 11/18/12)(AP, 11/19/12)
2012 Nov 19, Police in Kenya
fired bullets into the air and tear gas into the streets to stop two
groups from clashing. 3 Kenyan soldiers were killed.
(AP, 11/19/12)(AP, 11/20/12)
2012 Nov 20, In northern Kenya
13 people were shot and one woman died as hundreds of shops burned
to the ground amid rising Somali-Kenyan tensions.
2012 Nov 27, The Open Society
Justice Initiative said four suspects in the Jul 11, 2010, bombings
in Uganda claimed men who identified themselves as US FBI agents
beat them up during questioning. Human rights groups have said Kenya
and Tanzania circumvented their extradition laws to illegally deport
suspects to Uganda where they could be interrogated at length by
local and foreign agents without scrutiny.
2012 Dec 2, In Kenya Deputy PM
Uhuru Kenyatta and former minister William Ruto announced an
alliance to run for the presidential and vice presidential seats in
the country's March election. They both faced crimes against
humanity charges at the International Criminal court. Kenyatta faced
charges of committing murder, forcible deportation, persecution and
rape against supporters of the prime minister after the 2007
election. Ruto has been charged with the murder, forcible
deportation and persecution of supporters of the president's party.
2012 Dec 5, Kenya’s Lewa
Wildlife Conservancy said that two male black rhinos and two female
black rhinos were killed over the weekend. The four deaths brought
Lewa's rhino population to 71. Kenya had about 600 rhinos in total.
2012 Dec 7, In Kenya a grenade
thrown at worshippers leaving a mosque in a Somali neighborhood of
Nairobi killed 3 people and wounded 15.
(SFC, 12/8/12, p.A2)
2012 Dec 13, A Kenyan official
said an intelligence message intercepted from an al-Qaida-linked
Somali militant group shows that the rebels are being offered up to
$8,000 as a reward for killing Kenyan security officers.
2012 Dec 14, Kenya’s government
decided that all refugees and asylum seekers from Somalia must
return to the large refugee camp complex known as Dadaab, a
seemingly endless expanse of refugee housing on the sands of Kenya
close to the Somali border. More than 400,000 refugees live in
Dadaab, the largest refugee camp in the world.
2012 Dec 21, In southeastern
Kenya at least 39 people were killed when farmers raided a village
of herders. The Pokomo tribe of farmers raided a village of the
semi-nomadic Orma herding community at dawn in the Tana River Delta.
13 children, 6 women, 11 men and 9 attackers were killed.
2012 Anthony Sinclair authored
“Serengeti Story: Life and Science in the World’s Greatest Wildlife
(Econ, 12/1/12, p.88)
2013 Jan 4, Hong Kong customs
officials said they have intercepted a container with 779 elephant
tusks weighing 2,900 pounds from Kenya.
(SFC, 1/5/13, p.A2)
2013 Jan 5, In Kenya a poaching
gang used gunfire to kill an entire family of 11 elephants in Tsavo
National Park for their ivory tusks.
2013 Jan 8, Kenya’s The
National Police Service Commission suspended three senior police
officers from the Rift Valley province where Joshua Waiganjo (34)
operated as a fake officer extorting money from civilians.
Commission Chairman Johnston Kavuludi said Waiganjo's case has
prompted a detailed audit of all police to weed out "ghost"
2013 Jan 9, Legislators in
Kenya voted themselves a hefty pay package in a late-evening vote on
the last day of session before national elections. The bill also
would give Kenya's president, vice president and prime minister
hefty retirement packages, in a move that could tempt President Mwai
Kibaki not to veto the legislation.
2013 Jan 9, In eastern Kenya 7
people were killed in tribal violence near the Tana River after more
than 100 people launched an attack on a local village.
2013 Jan 10, A Kenyan community
retaliated with their own tribal assault, killing 10 people and
furthering a tribal feud that threatens to explode as March
2013 Jan 12, Kenya's President
Mwai Kibaki vetoed legislation in which members of parliament gave
themselves a hefty send-off package in a late-evening vote on the
last day of session before national elections. The Salaries and
Remuneration Commission said it was unconstitutional for legislators
to set their own pay under the constitution the country adopted in
2013 Jan 12, The Kenya Red
Cross said at least 200 people have been killed in violence in the
southeast since August in fighting that could be related to
political tensions ahead of March elections.
2013 Jan 15, Kenyan custom
officials in Mombasa seized 638 pieces of illegal elephant ivory
estimated to be worth $1.2 million. The ivory was in a container
destined for Indonesia. The tusks were said to be from Tanzania.
2013 Jan 16, In Kenya hundreds
of demonstrators angered at the conduct of outgoing Kenyan
legislators doused 221 coffins with gasoline and set them on fire,
causing an inferno outside parliament's main entrance.
2013 Jan 16, A Kenyan official
said gunmen suspected to belong to Somalia's al-Qaida-linked rebels
have shot dead five people and seriously wounded three others at a
restaurant in Garissa town.
2013 Jan 25, Twitter suspended
the account used by Somalia's al-Qaida-linked militant group two
days after al-Shabab used the platform to announce a death threat
against Kenyan hostages unless Kenya's government meets its demands.
2013 Feb 11, Millions of
Kenyans watched and listened to the nation's first-ever presidential
debate. The two front-running candidates, Deputy PM Uhuru Kenyatta
and PM Raila Odinga. traded barbs over the looming trial of Kenyatta
in the International Criminal Court.
2013 Feb 13, In Kenya the
families of seven people shot dead in 2007 and eight wounded
survivors filed a lawsuit to sue the government claiming the shots
were fired by police during a dispute over who won Kenya's 2007
2013 Feb 15, In Somalia
Al-Qaeda-linked militants claimed that they have executed a Kenyan
soldier after the Nairobi government failed to meet their demands.
2013 Feb 16, In Kenya a
suspected militant died while planting an improvised explosive
device in Garissa at a venue where one of the country's presidential
contenders was going to hold a campaign rally.
2013 Feb 21, In eastern Kenya
gunmen armed with AK-47 rifles opened fire at a mosque, killing 7
people in the remote and tiny village of Maayleey.
2013 Feb 27, Kenya police said
32 people have died after the bus they were travelling in rolled in
the Tulimani area.
2013 Mar 4, Kenyans waited in
long lines to vote in the nation's presidential election. A
secessionist group in Mombasa and nearby Kilifi launched multiple
attacks which killed 19 people.
2013 Mar 5, In Kenya the
electronic transmission system meant to collate voting results broke
down a day after the elections.
(Econ, 3/9/13, p.44)
2013 Mar 8, In Kenya the latest
vote tally by the election commission showed Uhuru Kenyatta with
50.5 percent of the vote. The Kenyatta family reportedly owned half
a million acres, according to the Kenya Land Alliance pressure
group, along with interests in banking, property, hotels, an airline
and a TV network.
(AP, 3/8/13)(Econ, 3/16/13, p.50)
2013 Mar 9, Kenya's election
commission named Uhuru Kenyatta the winner of the country's
presidential election with 50.07%. Opponent, PM Raila Odinga,
refused defeat and alleged multiple failures in the vote saying
Kenya's democracy was on trial.
(AP, 3/9/13)(SSFC, 3/10/13, p.A5)
2013 Mar 11, The Int’l.
Criminal Court (ICC) dropped charges of crimes against humanity
against Francis Muthaura, Kenya’s former public service chief, after
a key witness recanted..
(SFC, 3/12/13, p.A2)
2013 Mar 16, Police in Kenya
lobbed tear gas on crowds supporting the PM Raila Odinga as he filed
a petition asking the Supreme Court to void the presidential
election, a vote Odinga says was neither free nor fair.
2013 Mar 25, Kenya’s Supreme
Court ordered the election commission to recount votes in 22 of the
country's 291 constituencies to see if any of the tallies exceed the
number of registered voters.
2013 Mar 30, Kenya's Supreme
Court upheld the election of Uhuru Kenyatta as the country's next
president. Protests led to clashes leaving 5 people dead.
(AP, 3/30/13)(SFC, 4/1/13, p.A2)
2013 Apr 9, Uhuru Kenyatta was
sworn in as the Kenya's 4th president in a stadium filled with tens
of thousands and a dozen African leaders.
2013 Apr 18, In Kenya a masked
gunman believed to be a member of an al-Qaida-linked Somalia
militant group stormed a hotel near the border with Somalia and
opened fire with an assault rifle, killing nine people.
2013 May 2, A Kenyan court
found 2 Iranian nationals guilty of terror-related charges.
Officials accused them of planning to attack Western targets inside
Kenya. Ahmad Abolfathi Mohammad and Sayed Mansour Mousavi were
arrested in June 2012 and led officials to a 15-kg (33-pound) stash
of the explosive RDX. On May 6 the two men were sentenced to life in
(AP, 5/2/13)(AP, 5/6/13)
2013 May 13, Kenya police
searched for 40 mentally ill patients who escaped from Mathari
Mental Hospital, the country's only public psychiatric facility. The
escapees had earlier complained that the drugs they were being given
2013 May 18, Kenya police shot
dead a couple suspected to be terrorists after they threw four
grenades, wounding five officers. The man killed was Kenyan national
Felix Otuko, who was suspected of carrying out two grenade attacks
on October 24, 2011.
2013 May 21, Kenyan President
Uhuru Kenyatta received a long-awaited Truth Justice and
Reconciliation Commission report whose findings showed that his
father, the country's first president, presided over a government
responsible for numerous human rights violations, including
political assassinations and illegal allocation of land. The report
also finds that two former presidents, Daniel Arap Moi and Mwai
Kibaki, who succeeded the late Jomo Kenyatta, presided over
governments responsible for massacres, economic crimes and
large-scale corruption, among other violations.
2013 May 25, In Kenya gunmen
believed to be Somali militants killed six people in a late night
attack on police posts near the border with Somalia. Al-Shabab
claimed responsibility in Twitter updates.
2013 May 26, Kenya’s
anti-terrorism police killed Khalid Ahmed, a wanted terrorist, and
recovered a cache of weapons in the port city of Mombasa. The Somali
national had sneaked into Kenya from Somalia where he had undergone
2013 May 28, Kenya MPs
unanimously voted to remove a directive reducing their salaries and
then many walked out following the vote, even though there were
other important reports and motions to be discussed.
2013 May 29, Human Rights Watch
in a report released saying Kenya police had arrested more than
1,000 asylum seekers between mid-November and late January and
accused Kenyan policemen of raping, beating, and extorting money
from refugees of Somali origin.
2013 May 31, A UN official said
more than 23,500 people have fled fighting in South Sudan's Jonglei
state and sought refuge in neighboring countries of Uganda (2.5k),
Kenya (5k) and Ethiopia (16k).
2013 Jun 6, Britain expressed
regret about the abuse of Kenyans by colonial forces during the Mau
Mau insurgency in the 1950s and announced a compensation package for
more than 5,200 survivors worth a total of 20 million pounds.
2013 Jun 17, In Kenya police in
Mombasa killed Kassim Omolo Otieno and Salim Mohammed Nero for
suspected links with terrorists. Family and witnesses later said the
suspects were arrested without a fight. One was handcuffed, one
begged for his life and both were executed.
2013 Jun 28, Kenya's High Court
ordered Deputy President William Ruto to surrender a 100-acre farm
in the lush Rift Valley and pay compensation to a farmer who had
accused the politician of grabbing the land during election violence
five years ago.
2013 Jun 30, Somalia's
government called for a neutral force in the disputed port city of
Kismayo, accusing Kenyan troops there of backing one militia against
others in ongoing fighting for control of the strategic southern
2013 Jul 11, In Kenya Joshua
Walde, a US information management officer at the Nairobi embassy,
rammed into a full mini-bus, killing a father of three whose widow
is six months pregnant. Embassy officials rushed Walde and his
family out of Kenya the next day leaving the crash victims
with no financial assistance to pay for a funeral and for hospital
bills for the eight or so others who were seriously injured.
2013 Jul 24, Kenyan police said
they have discovered a large quantity of explosives packed in boxes
on a bus in the capital Nairobi that was headed to a town in the
2013 Jul 24, The EU said it
will give Kenya 40 billion shillings ($458.45 million) between 2014
and 2020, for use in agriculture and other sectors, extending an aid
program to the African country.
2013 Jul 25, In central Kenya a
small plane went missing. On July 27 three Swiss nationals were
found dead along with the wreckage of their plane on Aberdares
2013 Jul 30, A Kenyan court in
Mombasa sentenced nine Somalis to five years in prison each for
attempting to hijack the German merchant vessel MV Courier in the
Gulf of Aden in March 2009.
2013 Jul 31, A Kenyan court
awarded compensation to 11 victims of the largest illegal
deportation of terrorism suspects in Africa to countries with
appalling human rights records. Their 2007 deportation from Kenya to
Somalia and finally Ethiopia was ruled unlawful and
2013 Aug 4, African leaders
meeting in Uganda said the Somali city of Kismayo "should be handed
over" to the central government, a decision that puts pressure on
Kenyan troops who face charges of backing a powerful militia in the
disputed port city.
2013 Aug 7, A fire engulfed
Kenya's Jomo Kenyatta International Airport, forcing the indefinite
suspension of international passenger flights and choking a vital
travel gateway to east Africa. First responders looted electronics,
a bank and an ATM during and after the blaze.
(Reuters, 8/7/13)(AP, 8/8/13)
2013 Aug 11, In Kenya a white
rhino was found shot and killed by poachers who cut off its horn in
Nairobi National Park, the first poaching death of a rhino in the
urban park in six years. The killing brings to 35 the number of
rhinos killed in Kenya so far this year, a sharp rise from the 29
killed in total in 2012.
2013 Aug 16, In Kenya some 40
armed extremist, believed to be from Somalia's Islamic extremist
group al-Shabab, killed at least 4 police in an attack on a police
post near the Somalia border.
2013 Aug 29, In Kenya a hacked
corpse was left outside the headquarters of the National Police
Service Commission in the center of Nairobi. A box containing a head
and 2 hands, apparently hacked from the same corpse, was sent to
Kenya's police commission chief, viewed as a grim warning against
his efforts to reform the force.
2013 Aug 29, In Kenya the
driver of a bus traveling on a dark, country road lost control of
the vehicle and it plunged into a valley, shearing the roof off as
it rolled and killing at least 41 people.
2013 Sep 5, Kenya’s parliament
voted to pull out of the Int’l. Criminal Court (ICC), after
legislators staged what amounted to a parliamentary revolt against
the trials of President Uhuru Kenyatta and Vice President William
Ruto, scheduled to start next week.
2013 Sep 21, In Kenya gunmen
threw grenades and opened fire killing dozens of people with at
least 175 wounded in an attack targeting non-Muslims at the
upscale Westgate mall in Nairobi that was hosting a children's day
(AP, 9/21/13)(AP, 9/22/13)(AFP, 9/23/13)
2013 Sep 22, Kenyan military
forces engaged in sporadic gun battles with the Islamic extremists
holding an unknown number of hostages inside an upscale Nairobi
2013 Sep 23, In Kenya thick
smoke poured from the besieged Westgate shopping center in Nairobi
where officials said their forces were closing in on Islamists
holding hostages. 2 terrorists were reported killed. Four huge
explosions from military rocket propelled grenades rocked the mall
and officials later said this was the likely time that three floors
collapsed. Soldiers plundered the Westgate center while searching
(Reuters, 9/23/13)(AP, 9/27/13)(Econ, 5/10/14,
2013 Sep 23, The International
Criminal Court briefly excused Kenyan Vice President William Ruto
from his crimes against humanity trial so he can deal with the
bloody Nairobi shopping mall siege.
2013 Sep 24, Kenyan officials
said 3 soldiers have died and 8 others have been injured in a fight
with militants who attacked The Westgate mall in Nairobi. Fighting
there continued for a 4th day with at least 62 people killed.
2013 Sep 25, In Kenya bomb
disposal experts and investigators searched through the wreckage of
the Westgate shopping mall after a four-day attack by Islamist
militants that killed at least 67 people with 39 missing. Militants
attacked a police patrol in Wajor leaving one bystander dead.
(Reuters, 9/25/13)(SFC, 9/27/13, p.A2)(SFC,
2013 Sep 26, In Kenya al-Shabab
fighters attacked the border town of Mandera, killing two police
officers, injuring three others and destroying 11 vehicles.
2013 Sep 26, Interpol issued an
arrest notice on behalf of Kenyan authorities for Samantha
Lewthwaite (29), a Muslim convert and fugitive Briton whom news
media have dubbed the "white widow." Her first husband was one of
the suicide bombers in the 2005 attack on the London transit system
that killed 52 commuters. She was wanted by Kenyan authorities over
alleged involvement in a plot to bomb holiday resorts.
2013 Oct 2, The International
Criminal Court said it has issued an arrest warrant for Walter
Barasa, a Kenyan journalist in Deputy President William Ruto’s
political stronghold of Eldoret, for trying to bribe witnesses to
withdraw testimony against Ruto.
2013 Oct 3, In Kenya Sheikh
Ibrahim Omar was shot dead in Mombasa. He preached at a mosque that
has in the past been linked to the Somali al Shabaab Islamists who
claimed responsibility for the shopping center attack.
2013 Oct 4, In Kenya young
Muslims set fire to a church, burned tires and clashed with police
in the main port city of Mombasa, after the killing of an Islamic
cleric his followers blamed on security forces.
2013 Oct 8, Kenyan customs
officers seized 2 tons of elephant ivory in a shipments bound for
Turkey. This followed a similar seizure on Oct 4.
2013 Oct 10, Kenyans demanded
justice after three men accused of brutally gang raping a school
girl (16) and dumping her in a pit latrine were ordered to cut grass
2013 Oct 12, In Ethiopia
foreign ministers of the 54-member African Union agreed that sitting
heads of state should not be tried by the International Criminal
Court where Kenya's leaders are in the dock. They also called for
deferring the cases of Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta and his
deputy, William Ruto.
2013 Oct 16, Kenya wildlife
officials said they will place microchips in the horn of every rhino
in the country in a bid to stamp out a surge in poaching the
2013 Oct 18, Kenya officials
identified Hassan Abdi Dhuhulow (b.1990), a Norwegian-Somali, as one
of the four attackers of the Westgate Mall on Sep 21. Charred body
parts taken from a collapsed portion of the shopping center still
awaited forensics analysis to determine if they were the remains of
(AP, 10/18/13)(SFC, 10/18/13, p.A2)
2013 Oct 20, Kenya's biggest
selling newspaper “The Nation" reported that security camera footage
showed soldiers appearing to loot goods during last month's Nairobi
shopping mall siege.
2013 Oct 20, In Kenya 2
Christian clerics were found killed in separate attacks.
2013 Oct 23, A Kenya court
sentenced 4 Somali pirates sentenced to seven years each in prison
after they were found guilty of hijacking a fishing dhow in the
Indian Ocean in 2010.
2013 Oct 24, Kenya's media said
the police chief has threatened journalists with arrest after they
reported on looting and disarray among security forces during the
massacre in Nairobi's Westgate shopping mall.
2013 Oct 28, In Kenya a
petition campaign demanding justice topped a million signatures
after three men accused of brutally gang raping a Kenyan schoolgirl
in June were ordered to cut grass as punishment.
2013 Oct 29, Kenyan police said
they are holding five people over last month's attack on Nairobi's
Westgate mall, while two soldiers were court martialed for looting
during the attack.
2013 Oct 30, In Kenya a train
crashed into a passenger bus as it passed through a rail crossing in
the capital, Nairobi, killing at least 11 people.
2013 Oct 31, Kenya MPs voted to
set up and appoint a new Communications and Multimedia Appeals
Tribunal with the teeth to impose penalties of up to 20 million
Kenyan shillings (173,000 euros, $234,000) on offenders and even bar
journalists from working.
2013 Oct 31, Kenyan warplanes
destroyed a Shebab rebel camp in southern Somalia used to train
gunmen who attacked Nairobi's Westgate shopping mall in September.
2013 Nov 1, Kenya's media
reacted with shock and outrage after parliament voted through a bill
that could see journalists and outlets slapped with huge fines for
violating a code of conduct.
2013 Nov 2, Kenya's chief
justice said he has ordered "immediate action" over a case where men
accused of brutally gang raping a schoolgirl last June were ordered
to cut grass as punishment.
2013 Nov 4, A Kenyan court
charged four Somali men with terrorist offences for helping al
Qaeda-linked militants carry out an attack on a shopping mall in
Nairobi that killed 67 people.
2013 Nov 10, The governments of
Kenya and Somalia signed a deal with the UN’s High Commission for
Refugees to facilitate voluntary returns.
(Econ, 11/30/13, p.48)
2013 Nov 17, In Kenya poachers
infiltrated the privately owned Lewa Wildlife Conservancy during the
full moon and killed Meluaya," a 17-year-old black rhino suspected
to have been heavily pregnant and with a two-year-old calf.
2013 Nov 28, Kenya launched
construction of a Chinese-funded 13.8 billion dollar (10-billion
euro) flagship railway project, hoping to dramatically increase
trade and boost Kenya's position as a regional economic powerhouse.
2013 Nov 30, Five east African
countries signed a protocol to establish a monetary union, in a
first step towards creating a single currency. At a summit in
Kampala, leaders from Burundi, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania and Rwanda
inked the framework to set up a single market modelled after the
2013 Dec 5, Kenyan lawmakers
adopted amendments to a controversial media bill despite an
opposition walk out and international concern about press freedom.
2013 Dec 7, In northern Kenya
more than 10 people were killed in fighting in the town of Moyale
where troops have been sent to stop a week of fighting between rival
ethnic groups that has sent thousands fleeing into Ethiopia.
2013 Dec 10, In Kenya gunmen
killed 8 people including 5 policemen and wounded at least two
others in an ambush in the Garissa region close to war-torn Somalia.
(AFP, 12/10/13)(AFP, 12/15/13)
2013 Dec 14, In Kenya one
person was killed and three injured in a double explosion at a
market in the town of Wajir.
2013 Dec 14, In Kenya a
suspected grenade attack on a minibus in Nairobi killed 4 people
near a Somali-dominated area of the city. 2 more died of their
wounds the next day.
(Reuters, 12/14/13)(AFP, 12/15/13)
2013 Teachers in Kenya,
according to a World Bank report, were absent from classrooms about
half the time.
(Econ, 2/22/14, p.42)
2014 Jan 2, In Kenya 10 people
were wounded when attackers hurled a grenade into a restaurant in
Diani, a popular coastal tourist resort town.
2014 Jan 9, The Kenyan military
killed at least 30 Islamic militants in an airstrike on a militant
camp in Somalia.
2014 Jan 16, In Kenya an
explosive device blew up a trash can and part of the ceiling of the
Java House restaurant near the entrance of an international
departure terminal at Jomo Kenyatta International Airport.
Four suspects, including a man identified as a Somali diplomat, were
2014 Jan 23, A Kenyan court
sentenced 24 Somalis to seven years each in prison for attempting to
hijack an Iranian merchant vessel, FV Ariya, in the Gulf of Oman in
2014 Jan 26, Kenya officials
said poachers have slaughtered a rhino in the capital's Nairobi
National Park, a brazen attack flouting tough new laws designed to
stem a surge of such killings.
2014 Jan 28, A Kenyan court
ordered a Chinese man to pay $230,000 in fines or be jailed seven
years for ivory smuggling in the first of what will likely be many
cases as authorities implement a stringent new law to deter illegal
trading in wildlife products.
2014 Jan 29, South Sudan
released to Kenya seven of the 11 key leaders held after an alleged
coup bid last month, as Nairobi accepted to host the group.
2014 Feb 2, In Kenya gunfire
erupted in and around a mosque in the port city of Mombasa following
a raid by armed police who had received a tip-off that Muslim youths
were being radicalized and trained for militant attacks. At least
one officer and a young man were killed.
(Reuters, 2/2/14)(AP, 2/2/14)
2014 Feb 3, Kenyan police fired
tear gas and rubber bullets to disperse Muslim youths rioting for a
second day in protest against a raid on a mosque used by firebrand
preachers in the port city of Mombasa.
2014 Feb 10, In Kenya gays and
lesbians joined a global effort to protest against an
anti-homosexuality bill passed by Uganda's parliament that is now in
the hands of the country's president.
2014 Feb 12, In Kenya 70 men
arrested during a raid on a mosque in the port city of Mombasa were
formally charged with being members of Somalia's Al-Qaeda-linked
2014 Feb 13, A top Kenyan
official, Francis Kimemia, accused the United States of trying to
overthrow Kenya's government by supporting activists even as
baton-wielding police used tear gas to break up an anti-government
protest in downtown Nairobi. Kimemia served as the chairman of the
National Security Advisory Committee and the secretary of the
2014 Feb 26, A Kenyan court
dropped charges against 41 men and released on bail 29 others
arrested on Feb 2 during a raid on a mosque accused of supporting
2014 Mar 7, Kenya's president
and cabinet agreed to a pay cut as part of austerity measures meant
to reduce the government wage bill and free up funds for use in
economic development. They called on lawmakers to do the same.
2014 Mar 19, In Kenya scientist
Richard Leakey and Paula Kahumbu, the founding former chairman of
the Kenya Wildlife Service, urged Kenya's Pres. Uhuru Kenyatta to
invoke emergency measures to protect the country's elephants and
rhinos from a poaching crisis sweeping Africa.
2014 Mar 20, Kenya's parliament
passed a bill allowing men to marry as many women as they want,
prompting a furious backlash from female lawmakers who stormed out.
Women are not allowed to marry more than one man in Kenya. The bill
must now pass before the president to be signed before becoming law.
2014 Mar 23, In Kenya attackers
shot dead 4 worshippers when they burst into a church service near
the port city of Mombasa, spraying the congregation with bullets.
2014 Mar 25, Kenya’s wildlife
authority said it needs help to curb the killings of elephants and
rhinos for their tusks and horns. Poachers this year have killed 18
rhinos and 51 elephants.
(SFC, 3/26/14, p.A2)
2014 Mar 30, In Kenya a man
died after an explosive device he was assembling blew up in a
residential area of Nairobi. Police looked for three other men who
were seen running out of the apartment after the blast.
2014 Mar 31, In Kenya three
almost simultaneous blasts in Eastleigh, the main Somali district of
Nairobi, left at least 6 people dead.
2014 Apr 1, In Kenya unknown
attackers in Mombasa shot dead Abubakar Shariff Ahmed, more commonly
known as Makaburi (meaning graveyard in Swahili). He was accused by
the US and the UN Security Council of supporting Somali militants.
(Reuters, 4/4/14)(SFC, 4/3/14, p.A2)(Econ,
2014 Apr 8, A Kenyan official
said at least 3,000 people have been arrested during four days of
security operations following a wave of terror attacks. Most of
those arrested were scrutinized by security agencies and released,
but 447 were being held in custody under anti-terrorism laws.
2014 Apr 9, Kenya expelled over
80 Somalis as security forces maintained a major crackdown on
suspected Islamists that has seen thousands rounded up in the
(AFP, 4/9/14)(SFC, 4/10/14, p.A2)
2014 Apr 11, Kenya's Ministry
of Environment and Natural Resources said the central government
will oversee the running of the country's wildlife authority for the
next three months in a bid to stop poaching of the country's
elephants and rhinos.
2014 Apr 11, Kenya's defense
ministry said its troops have freed two Kenyans kidnapped near its
northern border by Somalia's Al-Qaeda-linked Shebab rebels in 2011.
Officials identified the two as James Kiarie Gichuhi, a driver with
CARE International, and Daniel Njuguna Wanyoike, said to be working
with a logistics firm that may have been delivering medicines to the
2014 Apr 13, Wilson Kipsang
(32) of Kenya captured his second London Marathon title by breaking
the course record by 11 seconds in 2 hours, 4 minutes, 29 seconds.
Kenya's Edna Kiplagat saw off compatriot Florence Kiplagat to win
the women's London Marathon.
2014 Apr 13, In the Netherlands
Eliud Kipchoge of Kenya won the Rotterdam Marathon, but failed in
his bid to break the course record on a windy day in the port city.
2014 May 2, Kenya wildlife
authorities caught two police officers with six pieces of ivory at a
road block while travelling from the central town of Meru to
2014 May 3, In Kenya 4 people
were killed when attackers threw an explosive device at passengers
at a bus station in Mombasa, and also targeted a luxury hotel in the
2014 May 4, In
Kenya two buses driving along a busy highway in Nairobi were struck
by explosive devices thrown at them.
2014 May 7, Kenya police and
hospitals said at least 63 people have died this week and dozens
more are sick after consuming toxic alcohol.
2014 May 11, China signed a
deal with East African leaders to build a $3.8 billion rail link
between Kenya's Indian Ocean port of Mombasa and Nairobi, the first
stage of a line that will eventually link Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi
and South Sudan.
2014 May 16, In Kenya at least
10 people were killed and 70 wounded in two explosions in Nairobi.
2014 May 19, In northeast Kenya
Somali militants killed 12 people including 3 police reservists in a
border ambush for which Al-Shabab claimed responsibility.
(SFC, 5/20/14, p.A2)
2014 May 20, Kenyan university
students threw rocks at police in Nairobi as authorities fired back
with tear gas in running battles that didn't end until police
cornered students in a campus building and fired dozens of rounds of
tear gas inside. Students demonstrated in at least four cities
across the country over a proposed increase in university fees.
2014 May 26, Two Kenyan
soldiers were killed when militants from Somalia's Shebab rebels
ambushed a military convoy near Lamu on the Kenya-Somalia border.
2014 May 27, Bus operators in
Kenya unveiled plans for a cashless fare system aimed at protecting
passengers from theft and police extortion which they say siphon a
third of their revenue away.
2014 Jun 5, Kenyan authorities
said they have seized 228 whole elephant tusks and 74 others in
pieces as they were being packed for export in the port city of
2014 Jun 5, Kenyan gunmen shot
and killed an Australian media executive Carey Eaton, a co-founder
of the online marketplace One Africa Media. This was the second such
attack on an Australian citizen in the past year in the crime-ridden
2014 Jun 10, In Kenya gunmen
shot and killed moderate Muslim leader Sheik Mohamed Idris, the
chairman of the Council of Imams and Preachers of Kenya. He was the
fourth prominent Muslim to be shot dead in Mombasa in two years.
2014 Jun 15, In Kenya at least
50 people were killed after suspected al Shabaab gunmen in two
minibuses sped into Mpeketoni town on the coast, shooting soccer
fans watching a World Cup match in a television hall and targeting
two hotels, a police post and a bank.
(Reuters, 6/16/14)(AP, 6/17/14)
2014 Jun 16, In Kenya an attack
in Majembeni village left 10 people died. Majembeni is next to
Mpeketoni where four dozen people were slaughtered a day earlier.
2014 Jun 17, Kenya's president
blamed political leaders inside Kenya for carrying out two nights of
deadly attacks that killed at least 60 people in coastal
communities, saying that despite claims of responsibility from
al-Shabab, the Islamic extremists were not behind it.
2014 Jun 19, Kenyan fighter
jets attacked two bases belonging to Islamist al Shabaab insurgents
in Somalia and killed at least 80 militants. Al Shabaab rebels
denied any of its fighters had been killed.
2014 Jun 20, Kenya's Interior
Ministry said security forces have shot and killed five people
suspected of killing 60 residents in two nighttime attacks on a
coastal town this week.
2014 Jun 23, The first-ever
United Nations Environmental Assembly opened in Kenya, as more than
150 high-level delegations began a weeklong examination of the
intersection between global economic progress and the environment.
2014 Jun 23, In Kenya 5 people
were killed in attacks in Witu, near Mpeketoni where some 60 people
were killed last week.
(SFC, 6/25/14, p.A2)
2014 Jun 25, Kenyan police
arrested Lamu county Governor Issa Timamy in connection with gun
attacks in his area that killed about 65 people. Timamy denied
responsibility and was released on bail on June 30.
(Reuters, 6/26/14)(AP, 6/30/14)
2014 Jul 2, In Kenya 4 people
were killed when a cargo plane crashed shortly after takeoff at the
international airport in Nairobi.
2014 Jul 2, African nations
agreed to suspend military operations for six months against
Congo-based Rwandan rebels in order to give them more time to lay
down their arms. The suspension was announced after a meeting in
Angola of foreign ministers from a regional bloc including Angola,
Burundi, Central African Republic, Republic of Congo, DRC, Kenya,
Uganda, Rwanda, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania and Zambia.
2014 Jul 5, In Kenya at least
22 people were killed in late night attacks by gunmen in the coastal
towns of Hindi and Gamba. Al-Qaida-linked militants claimed
responsibility but Kenyan officials blamed local separatists.
(AP, 7/6/14)(Reuters, 7/6/14)(SFC, 7/7/14, p.A4)
2014 Jul 7, In Kenya thousands
of people rallied in Nairobi against President Uhuru Kenyatta's
rule, with some calling for him to step down because he had failed
to improve the lives of Kenyans more than a year after he came to
2014 Jul 11, In Kenya gunmen
raided Pandanguo village in Lamu County where they locked up men
praying in a mosque, looted medical supplies from a local dispensary
and took six rifles from police reservists.
2014 Jul 12, In Kenya Mohamed
Shahid Butt, a prominent businessman who was facing
terrorism-related charges, was shot and killed by unknown gunmen in
(SSFC, 7/13/14, p.A7)
2014 Jul 24, In Kenya a female
tourist from Germany was killed in the port city of Mombasa in the
same area where a Russian visitor was murdered earlier in July by a
(Reuters, 7/24/14)(AFP, 7/25/14)
2014 Jul 31, Kenyan President
Uhuru Kenyatta said a vast coastal zone nearly the size of
Luxembourg around a proposed multi-billion dollar port area had been
stolen “under dubious and corrupt circumstances" by 22 companies
between 2011 and 2012, fuelling a wave of massacres. Kenyatta said
he ordered the lands ministry "to revoke and repossess these land
parcels with immediate effect."
2014 Aug 1, In Kenya journalist
Godwin Chepkurgor was attacked and killed while on assignment for a
magazine by a bull elephant that scooped him up with its trunk and
threw him in the air. In 2005 Chepkurgor made headlines after
revealing that he had written Clinton to ask for daughter Chelsea's
hand in 2000 during the then-president's visit to Kenya.
2014 Aug 12, Kenya Wildlife
Direct chief executive Paula Kahumbu delivered a petition on this
World Elephant Day calling for the arrest of Feizal Ali Mohamed,
whom Wildlife Direct alleges is a Mombasa-based businessman evading
an arrest warrant in relation to a massive ivory seizure in June.
2014 Aug 14, South Korea’s
Korean Air Lines Co. said will suspend flights to Kenya in a measure
to prevent the spread of Ebola.
2014 Aug 18, Human Rights Watch
said it has documented at least 10 cases of unlawful killings and 10
cases of enforced disappearances carried out by the Kenya
Anti-Terror Police Unit from last November to June.
(SFC, 8/19/14, p.A2)
2014 Aug 20, In Kenya suspected
Shebab Islamist militants kidnapped a group of traders and took them
to the dense Boni forest area in Lamu county. The militants released
three of them who were Muslims and beheaded a Christian.
2014 Aug 27, Muslims for Human
Rights alleged that corrupt Kenyan wildlife rangers have been
killing poachers to cover up the officers' collusion with the
criminals slaughtering the country's elephants. The group has
documented the disappearances of 18 suspected poachers over the last
2014 Aug 28, Somalia took its
maritime border dispute with Kenya to the United Nations' top court,
which could decide the fate of potentially lucrative oil and gas
reserves off east Africa.
2014 Sep 28, In Germany Dennis
Kimetto of Kenya knocked 26 seconds off the world marathon record.
Kimetto won the 41st edition of the Berlin Marathon in 2 hours, 2
minutes, 57 seconds, becoming the first man to complete a marathon
in under 2 hours, 3 minutes.
2014 Oct 1, A Kenyan court
ordered two Iranians held under anti-terrorism laws to serve two
years in jail or pay a hefty fine after they pleaded guilty to using
fake Israeli passports to enter the East African country last month.
2014 Oct 3, In Kenya protesters
blocked truckers on the only highway from Mombasa port to the
capital Nairobi, threatening to choke the main trade artery with
much of east Africa. More than two hundred residents in Voi halted
traffic with burning tires to demand jobs from a Chinese company
contracted to build a section of a railway in the area.
2014 Oct 6, Kenyan President
Uhuru Kenyatta told the nation in an address before parliament that
he would temporarily step down as president while attending a
hearing at the International Criminal Court this week insisting that
he be a private citizen during the court hearing and not the first
president to sit before the court.
2014 Oct 7, International
prosecutors accused the Kenyan government of failing to hand over
phone and bank records they said would help them show President
Uhuru Kenyatta paid collaborators to take part in post-election
violence in 2007.
2014 Oct 7, In Kenya
transgender activist Audrey Mbugua won a landmark case when the High
Court ordered the Kenya National Examinations Council to change her
name on her academic certificates.
2014 Oct 18, Kenyan and Somali
soldiers killed five suspected Islamic extremist bombers attempting
to cross into the country from Ethiopia in a car laden with
explosives and six suicide vests.
2014 Oct 25, In Kenya armed
bandits attacked two vehicles belonging to an advanced security team
and killed three officers and two civilians.
2014 Oct 27, UN chief Ban
Ki-moon announced at the start of a visit to Ethiopia that the EU
and several regional development banks have pledged $8 billion in
development aid for projects across eight countries in the Horn of
Africa. Countries targeted are Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya,
Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, and Uganda.
(AFP, 10/27/14)(AP, 10/27/14)
2014 Nov 1, In northern Kenya
raiders ambushed and killed 22 police. Regional powerbrokers later
said the attackers mistook the police for an invading tribe.
2014 Nov 2, Kenya's Pres. Uhuru
Kenyatta ordered all guns and attackers be turned over to
authorities in the North Rift region after raiders killed 22 police
a day earlier. Troops shot and killed 6 machete-wielding attackers
who tried to gain entry into a barracks on the coast.
2014 Nov 3, In northwestern
Kenya 4 more refugees were killed, bringing the total number of
people killed over the past week to 8. Violence at the Kakuma camps
were sparked by reports of the attempted rape of a young refugee
girl on Oct 28.
2014 Nov 6, A Kenyan Roman
Catholic priest, Father Guyo Waqo, and four others were sentenced to
death by a court in Nairobi for murdering Italian Bishop Luigi
Locati in 2005.
2014 Nov 17, In Kenya nearly
1,000 people marched through the streets of Nairobi to protest a
recent rash of attacks by mobs of men on women who have been deemed
too provocatively dressed. A mob of Kenyan men attacked and stripped
a woman claiming she was inappropriately dressed just hours after
(AP, 11/17/14)(AP, 11/18/14)
2014 Nov 17, Kenyan officials
said police have shot dead a man and arrested about 250 others when
they searched two mosques in Mombasa that they said were used to
recruit militants and stash weapons. About 10 youths chanting
"Allahu Akbar" (God is greatest), killed a shopkeeper who tried to
close his store in case of a riot. The youths killed the two other
men when they attacked people on public transport.
(Reuters, 11/17/14)(Reuters, 11/18/14)
2014 Nov 22, Somalia's al
Shabaab Islamists staged an attack in Kenya in which gunmen ordered
non-Muslims off a bus and shot 28 dead, while sparing Muslim
passengers outside Mandera town. Kenya’s military responded with air
strikes that destroyed the attackers’ camp in Somalia and reportedly
killed over 100 militants.
(Reuters, 11/22/14)(SSFC, 11/23/14, p.A5)(SFC,
2014 Nov 25, Kenyan police used
teargas to disperse demonstrators shouting "President, Stop the
killings!" outside President Uhuru Kenyatta's offices, in a protest
over 28 people killed in a weekend attack claimed by Islamist
2014 Nov 30, Police in Kenya
arrested 37 Chinese nationals with advanced communications equipment
in a house in an upscale Nairobi neighborhood following a fire that
left one person dead. 40 more Chinese nationals were arrested on Dec
3 and police consulted technical experts to see if they were
2014 Dec 2, In northeast Kenya
Somali al Shabaab Islamist militants killed 36 non-Muslim workers at
a quarry near the Somali border. Thus prompted Pres. Uhuru Kenyatta
to sweep out his top security officials to tackle a relentless wave
2014 Dec 4, In Kenya two men
were reported jailed for gang raping children after Kenya's high
court in 2013 ordered the police to re-open 10 cases where officers
had yelled at, demanded bribes from and even locked up girls who
tried to report rape to them.
2014 Dec 4, A Kenyan military
aircraft crashed in the region of the southern Somali city of
Kismayu due to technical problems after a combat mission.
2014 Dec 5, Prosecutors at the
International Criminal Court withdrew their crimes against humanity
charges against Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta. Kenyatta said he
was "vindicated" after the ICC's decision.
(Reuters, 12/5/14)(SFC, 12/6/14, p.A4)
2014 Dec 11, In Kenya more than
20 machete-wielding men, said to be members of the outlawed Mombasa
Republican Council (MRC), attacked a police camp. The outlawed group
wants independence for Kenya's Indian Ocean coastal regions, citing
decades of neglect by the government.
2014 Dec 17, In Kenya 6 people
died and 11 were injured in a central Nairobi building collapse,
with fears that the toll could rise as crews continued to dig
through the rubble.
2014 Dec 18, In Kenya
fistfights and scuffles broke out in parliament as legislators
passed controversial security measures which the government says
will help fight terrorism but which critics say are meant to silence
dissent by curtailing civil liberties.
2014 Dec 19, Kenya's President
Uhuru Kenyatta signed into law a contentious bill saying it will
help the country fight terrorism, but which critics say will be used
to crush dissent by curbing civil liberties.
2014 Dec 22, Kenyan police
arrested Feisal Mohammed Ali, an alleged ivory trafficker, at a
rental house in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. On Dec 24 a Kenyan court
charged him with smuggling tusks.
(AP, 12/23/14)(AFP, 12/24/14)
2014 In Kenya Islamic
extremists killed 173 people this year, the highest number in the
three years that Kenya has experienced violence blamed on
neighboring Somalia's al-Shabab militants.
2015 Jan 2, Kenya's High Court
suspended key parts of a controversial new national security law
that the opposition had warned risked turning the east African
nation into a dictatorship.
2015 Jan 4, In Kenya Fidel
Odinga (41), the son of main opposition leader Raila Odinga, was
found dead in his home near Nairobi, prompting a major police
investigation and minor unrest in the capital.
2015 Jan 4, In Kenya at least 2
people were killed and several others were injured when a six-storey
residential building collapsed in Nairobi.
2015 Jan 14, In Kenya one
soldier and five suspected Islamists insurgents loyal to Somalia's
Al-Qaeda-affiliated Shebab fighters were killed in a battle in the
coastal Lamu district.
2015 Jan 19, Kenyan police
fired tear gas at children as young as eight protesting against the
seizure of their school playground by a property developer.
2015 Jan 26, In Kenya at least
seven people were injured in clashes between police and protesters
from the Maasai ethnic group who accuse a local governor of corrupt
handling of tourism funds from the Maasai Mara game reserve.
2015 Feb 3, Teachers in
northern Kenya bordering Somalia have refused to return to work,
fearing attacks by Islamic extremists. Some 700 teachers
demonstrated outside parliament in Nairobi demanding that the
government transfer them to schools in safer regions.
2015 Feb 7, In Kenya a masked
gunman shot and killed a Kenyan lawmaker on a street in Nairobi.
George Muchai, was killed alongside his two bodyguards and a driver
after they stopped to buy a newspaper.
2015 Feb 17, In Kenya eight
international organizations launched a global campaign to stem the
spread of AIDS among adolescents. They said AIDS has become the
leading cause of death for adolescents in Africa and the second
leading cause of death among adolescents globally.
2015 Feb 23, Kenya's
Constitutional Court threw out parts of a new anti-terrorism law,
including restrictions on the media, but left most of it intact,
including a provision allowing police to hold terrorism suspects for
a year without charge.
2015 Feb 23, Kenyan police
arrested 101 Ethiopian nationals suspected of traveling illegally
through Kenya on their way to South Africa.
2015 Mar 3, Kenyan President
Uhuru Kenyatta set fire to 15 tons of elephant tusks during World
Wildlife Day to discourage poaching.
2015 Mar 4, A court in Kenya
charged 12 businessmen and former officials including an ex-minister
in connection with a multi-million dollar corruption scam involving
bogus state contracts. The case relates to the "Anglo-Leasing
scandal," which came to light in 2004 when it emerged the government
had set up a vast network of phantom companies and inflated invoices
to embezzle money meant for security services.
(AFP, 3/4/15)(AP, 3/4/15)
2015 Mar 12, In Kenya three
Danish women pleaded guilty to breaking customs laws by attempting
to smuggle suitcases stuffed with a narcotic herb out of the
2015 Mar 13, In northern Kenya
Islamic militants attacked the convoy of a governor, killing 3
people in the second attack on Governor Ali Roba's convoy in five
months. Al-Shabab militants from Somalia claimed responsibility for
2015 Mar 13, The International
Criminal Court formally halted proceedings against Kenya's Pres.
Uhuru Kenyatta, three months after prosecutors dropped charges
implicating him in fomenting postelection violence that left more
than 1,000 people dead in 2007 and 2008.
2015 Mar 15, In northern Kenya
Somali Shebab militants killed one man and wounded three others in a
shooting in the town of Mandera.
2015 Mar 17, In Kenya 4 people
were shot dead in a shop Wajir town by unknown gunmen who wounded
three others. Al-Shabab Islamic extremists soon claimed
responsibility, bringing the total number of those killed by the
militants since March 13 to 12.
2015 Mar 20, Kenya launched
Africa's first water fund, a public-private partnership aimed at
raising $15 million to provide clean water to 9.3 million people by
protecting the basin of the country's longest river.
2015 Mar 28, Kenya's president
suspended four cabinet secretaries and 17 other senior officials to
facilitate investigations into allegations of corruption.
2015 Apr 2, In Kenya 148 people
were killed when Islamist militant group al Shabaab stormed the
Garissa University College campus, taking Christians hostage and
engaging security forces in an extended shootout. All four of the
gunmen wore suicide vests packed with explosives, detonating
themselves in huge blasts as the dramatic assault finally ended
after some 16 hours. It was later reported that all four gunmen were
(Reuters, 4/2/15)(AFP, 4/3/15)(AFP, 4/4/15)(AFP,
2015 Apr 3, Kenya offered a
$215,000 (200,000 euro) bounty for the capture of alleged Shebab
commander Mohamed Mohamud, a former Kenyan teacher believed to now
be in Somalia and said to be the mastermind behind the April 2
2015 Apr 4, Kenyan police
paraded the naked corpses of Somali Al-Qaeda-linked Shebab gunmen
who slaughtered 148 people at the Garissa University College campus
on April 2. Five men were reported arrested. President Uhuru
Kenyatta declared three days of national mourning.
2015 Apr 5, Kenya identified
one of the al Shabaab gunmen who massacred students at Garissa
University as Abdirahim Abdullahi, a university of Nairobi law
graduate and the son of government official in Mandera county.
(Reuters, 4/5/15)(AFP, 4/5/15)
2015 Apr 6, The Kenyan air
force said it has destroyed two al Shabaab camps in Somalia, in the
first major military response since the Islamist group massacred
students at Kenya’s Garissa University last week.
2015 Apr 8, Kenya froze key
money transfer companies vital for Somalia after the police chief
issued a list of 85 people and businesses with suspected links to
the Al-Qaeda-linked Shebab.
2015 Apr 11, Kenya gave the
United Nations three months to remove a camp housing more than half
a million Somali refugees, as part of a get-tough response to the
killing of 148 people by Somali gunmen at a Garissa University.
2015 Apr 12, In Kenya one
student was killed and 141 injured in a stampede on the campus of
the University of Nairobi when students mistook several accidental
explosions for an extremist attack.
2015 Apr 20, The annual Goldman
Environmental Prize was awarded in San Francisco to six activists.
They included: Marilyn Baptiste (44) of Canada, for her work to stop
the development of an open pit gold and copper mine that threatened
lakes in British Columbia; Berta Caceres (42) of Honduras for her
efforts fighting the Agua Zarca Dam, which threatened to cut off the
water and hunting grounds of the Lenca people; Phyllis Omido (35) of
Kenya for her work exposing lead fumes from a smelting plant; Jean
Wiener of Haiti (50) for his efforts to protect and restore marine
wildlife; Howard Wood (60) of Scotland for his efforts to restore
undersea ecology; and Myint Zaw (39) of Myanmar for halt the
construction of a hydroelectric plant on the Irrawaddy River that
would submerge 50 villages and displace 18,000
(SFC, 4/20/15, p.A6)