650 The Khazars’ aggressive
territorial expansion drove some Bulgars
westward. These Bulgars soon founded a kingdom in the southeastern
that became known as Bulgaria.
(TJOK, 1999, p.16)
683-685 Khazars invaded Transcaucasia and
inflicted much damage and stole
much booty. The Khazar invaders killed the rulers of Armenia and
Georgia. (TJOK, p.159)
730 Khazar commander Barjik
led Khazar troops through the Darial Pass
to invade Azerbaijan. At the Battle of Ardabil, the Khazars defeated
an entire Arab army. The Battle of Ardabil lasted three days, and
resulted in the death of a major Arab general named Jarrah. The
Khazars then conquered Azerbaijan and Armenia and northern Iraq for
a brief time.
737 Marwan, an Arab general,
captured the Khazar khagan and forced him to pledge support to the
Caliphate and convert to Islam.
861 The Khazar kings converted
to Judaism. A Jewish dynasty of kings presided over the Khazar
kingdom until the 960s.
(TJOK, chap. 6)
896 The founding date of
Hungary. Seven tribes of Magyars settled in the Carpathian Basin.
Kingdom of Hungary was formed by seven Magyar and three Khazar
(WSJ, 12/26/96, p.4)(SFEC, 8/8/99, p.T5)(TJOK, p.
late 930s Khazar baliqchi Pesakh defeated the
Rus. According to an anonymous letter written by a Khazarian Jew in
the 940s, the Rus prince Oleg captured the Khazar-held city
Tmutorokan one night. Pesakh, a prominent Khazar baliqchi
(governor), learned of Oleg’s actions and conquered several Crimean
cities belonging to the Byzantines and also did away with many
Rus. Oleg was badly defeated, and was forced to surrender to
Governor-General Pesakh. This was a major Khazar victory over
965 Part of Khazaria was
conquered by the Kievan Rus prince Svyatoslav.
1999 Kevin A. Brook authored
“The Jews of Khazaria."