Timeline Kyrgyzstan or the Kyrgyz Republic

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WHI: http://www.emulateme.com/history/kyrgyhist.htm

  A mountainous state between China, Kazakstan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan with 4.5 million people. A land of nomads with almost no written history.
 (SFC, 1/2/97, p.A10)

  Kyrgyzstan is twice the size of the state of Michigan and had a population of some 4.7 million in 1999. 52%of the people were Kyrgyz, 21% Russian and 13% were Uzbek. The capital is Bishkek.
 (MT, Spg. '99, p.5)(SSFC, 9/30/01, p.A2)

220 Million    The fossil of a birdlike reptile from this time was found in Kyrgyzstan around 1970. The reptile was named Longisquama insignis and its evolution appeared to precede the development of dinosaurs. The imprint of feathers and hollow shafts related it to modern birds. The feather imprints were later claimed to be just thick scales.
    (SFC, 6/23/00, p.A1)(SFC, 11/23/00, p.A14)

c1000BC    The capital city of Bishkek was founded.
    (MT, Spg. 99, p.4)

745-840    The Uighur of eastern Turkestan formed an empire in the north that was ended by an invasion of the Kyrgyz peoples.
    (www.gobiexpeditions.com)

751        The Chinese army was beaten by the Arabs of the Abassid Caliphate at the Battle of Talas (Kyrgyzstan). Chinese prisoners soon taught Arabs the technology for making paper.
    (http://tinyurl.com/lwk9h5a)(Econ, 6/7/14, p.87)

c924        A 1000 year-old poem passed down orally tells of a warrior-liberator known as Manas. The long version is about 500,000 lines and takes 3 weeks to recite by a professional Manas-teller.
    (SFC, 1/2/97, p.A10)   

1924        Stalin divided remnants of Turkestan into the current Central Asian republics.
    (SFC, 1/2/97, p.A10)

1936        Dec 5, Armenian SSR, Azerbaijan SSR, Georgian SSR, Kazakh SSR & Kirghiz SSR became constituent republics of Soviet Union.
    (MC, 12/5/01)

1944        Mar 8, The Soviet government celebrated International Women's Day by forcibly deporting almost the entire Balkar population to Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Omsk Oblast in Siberia. Starting on 8 March and finishing the following day, the NKVD loaded 37,713 Balkars onto 14 train echelons bound for Central Asia and Siberia.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Balkars)

1989        Chingiz Aitmatov (b.1928), Kyrgyzstan writer and member of the Soviet Parliament, returned home to help mediate a conflict between Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan. His novels included The Day Lasts More Than a 100 Years (1980).
    (WSJ, 2/24/05, p.D8)

1990        Jun, In Kyrgyzstan about 300 people were killed in a violent land dispute between Kyrgyz and Uzbeks in Osh, and only the quick deployment of Soviet troops quelled the fighting.
    (SFC, 10/21/99, p.AA5)(AP, 6/13/10)(Econ, 6/19/10, p.27)

1991        Aug 31, Uzbekistan and Kirghizia declared their independence, raising to 10 the number of republics seeking to secede from the Soviet Union.
    (AP, 8/31/01)

1991        Dec 13, Five Central Asian republics of the Soviet Union (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan) agreed to join the new Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) being organized by Russian President Boris Yeltsin.
    (AP, 12/13/01)(www.therussiasite.org/legal/laws/CISagreement.html)

1991        Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan were left with numerous tailings dumps of radioactive waste following the collapse of the soviet Union. By 2015 cancer rates were rising as radioactive waste leached into the water supply.
    (Econ, 7/11/15, p.40)

1996        Apr 26, The Shanghai Five grouping was created with the signing of the Treaty on Deepening Military Trust in Border Regions in Shanghai. Boris Yeltsin and the presidents of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan visited Shanghai and signed a treaty with Pres. Jiang Zemin at the Jin Jiang Hotel that demarcated their borders with China.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shanghai_Cooperation_Organisation)(WSJ, 3/5/97, p.A16)

1996        Jun 28, Pres. Askar Akayev hoped to develop the Kumtor gold fields with the help of Cameco, a Canadian mining firm out of Saskatchewan.
    (WSJ, 6/28/96, p.A6)

1996        Dec, Pres. Askar Akayev ordered computers for every high school in Kyrgyzstan.
    (SFC, 1/2/97, p.A10)

1997        Nov, In Bishkek Hillary Clinton dedicated a campus building at one of the countrys 43 universities. Pres. Aska Askaev had earlier received a financial commitment of $2 million each from the Soros Foundation and the US.
    (SFC, 2/20/98, p.A12)

1997        Mar 24, Prime Minister Apas Dzhumagulov (63) resigned due to age and said new forces were needed for reform. He was expected to be appointed as an ambassador.
    (SFC, 3/25/98, p.C14)

1997        The Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) Program was initiated. The 8-member group included Azerbaijan, Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.
    (www.adb.org/CAREC/default.asp)

1997        Kyrgyzstans population numbered about 4.5 million people.
    (SFC, 1/2/97, p.A10)

1998        Apr, Kyrgyzstan became the 1st country in the region to adopt a comprehensive drugs law including the death penalty for large-scale trafficking.
    (Econ, 7/26/03, p.46-7)

1998        May 20, A truck spilled 20 tons of cyanide and forced 600 people to seek medical treatment. 3,876 pounds of cyanide leached out of the truck but did not seem to hurt any local residents. Some fish died in the river and the water flowed into the 113-mile-long Lake Ysyk Kol. The Cameco Corp. of Canada ran the Kumtor gold mine and contributed  some 15% of the countrys GNP.
    (WSJ, 5/28/98, p.A1)(WSJ, 11/18/98, p.A18)

1998        Dec, Zhumabek Ibraimov was appointed Prime Minister to address the nation's economic problems.
    (WSJ, 4/5/99, p.A1)

1999        cApr 4, Prime Minister Zhumabek Ibraimov (50) died following recent surgery in Russia.
    (WSJ, 4/5/99, p.A1)

1999        Aug 23, Militants (IMU) from Tajikistan crossed into Kyrgyzstan taking hostages and claiming control of several villages. Some 1,000 religious fighters took a swath of land and 13 hostages that included a Kyrgyz general and 4 Japanese geologists.
    (SFC, 8/24/99, p.A11)(SFC, 10/21/99, p.AA5)

1999        Aug 25, In Kyrgyzstan Boris Yeltsin met with Jiang Zemin to forge a closer alliance to counterbalance US global clout. The meeting preceded a 5-day Central Asia summit.
    (SFC, 8/26/99, p.A13)

1999        Sep 22, Kyrgyz jets bombed Islamic militants near the villages of Sai and Syrt in the mountainous Osh region. Officials claimed that 30 rebels were killed.
    (SFC, 9/24/99, p.A14)

1999        Oct 25, In Kyrgyzstan 4 Japanese geologists were freed after 2 months of captivity by the IMU. A $2-5 million ransom was suspected.
    (SFC, 10/27/99, p.A13)(WSJ, 9/24/01, p.A19)

2000        May 26, Gunmen opened fire on a visiting Chinese delegation and one official was killed. The visitors planned to investigate an arson attack at a Chinese market.
    (SFC, 5/27/00, p.A13)

2000        Aug 12, Four American climbers were captured by Uzbek rebels in the Karasu Valley and held hostage for 6 days before they managed to escape.
    (SFC, 8/25/00, p.A14)

2000        Aug 14, In Kyrgyzstan a 4-day clash between Islamic militants and government troops left as many as 95 people dead. The militants were said to belong to the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan, which was trying to carve out an independent state.
    (SFC, 8/15/00, p.A14)

2000        Oct 29, In Kyrgyzstan Pres. Askar Askaev coasted to a 3rd term in flawed elections where 5 rivals were given no real chance to win. Askaev claimed 73% of the vote.
    (WSJ, 10/30/00, p.A1)(SFC, 10/31/00, p.A14)

2000        Garth Willis of St. Paul, Minn., founded the Alpine Fund to train local Kyrgyzstan children as mountain guides.
    (SSFC, 11/24/02, p.F5)

2001        May 17, In Kyrgyzstan a bus fell into a mountain ravine and 19 people were killed.
    (SFC, 5/18/01, p.D4)

2001        Jun 15, The Shanghai Five member nations (China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Russia), having admitted Uzbekistan, signed the Declaration of Shanghai Cooperation Organization.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shanghai_Cooperation_Organisation)

2001        Jul, The IMU attacked government troops in southern Uzbekistan and a TV transmitter in southern Kyrgyzstan.
    (AP, 3/30/04)

2002        Mar 17, In Karadzigach 5 people were killed during a protest over the sentencing of lawmaker Azimbek Beknazarov. Beknazarov was jailed for asking why Pres. Akayev ceded territory to China in 2001.
    (SFC, 3/19/02, p.A7)(WSJ, 5/13/02, p.A13)

2002        May 22, Kyrgyzstan Pres. Akayev accepted the resignation of PM Kurmanbek Bakiev and his entire government amid protests over clashes with police that killed 6 people in March.
    (SFC, 5/23/02, p.A12)(Econ, 3/26/05, p.44)

2002        Jun 28, A Kyrgyzstan court overturned the corruption sentence on against an opposition lawmaker, whose case spawned nationwide protests in the former Soviet republic.
    (AP, 6/28/02)

2002        Jun 30, In Bishkek, Kyrgyz, police reported that a Chinese diplomat was shot and killed by unknown gunmen in an apparent gangland dispute.
    (AP, 6/30/02)

2002        Nov 16, Kyrgyzstan police detained more than 200 activists who traveled to the Kyrgyz capital, Bishkek, for an anti-government assembly calling on Pres. Askar Akayev to resign. They were all released by the next day.
    (AP, 11/17/02)

2002        Dec 27, In Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan, 7 people were killed and 26 injured when a container of fireworks exploded, detonating a gas tank in the Dordoi market.
    (AP, 12/27/02)

2003        Mar 27, in Kyrgyzstan a fire engulfed a crowded passenger bus, killing 40 people on board.
    (AP, 3/27/03)

2003        Apr 20, In southern Kyrgyzstan a landslide swept through a village, killing 38 people.
    (AP, 4/20/04)

2003        Sep 23, China signed agreements with Russia and four Central Asian neighbors (Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Kazakhstan) in an effort to strengthen a 7-year-old security alliance and encourage economic links across a largely undeveloped region.
    (AP, 9/23/03)

2003        Oct, Pres. Putin attended the opening a Russian air base in Kant, Kyrgyzstan.
    (Econ, 11/1/03, p.40)

2004        Apr 26, In southern Kyrgyzstan a landslide buried a village, and up to 33 people were feared dead.
    (AP, 4/26/04)

2004        Aug 28, The foreign ministers of Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan approved Russian membership to their economic block at talks in Astana, the Kazakh capital.
    (AP, 8/28/04)

2004        Sep 21, China's PM Wen Jiabao hailed a series of agreements with neighboring Kyrgyzstan including an agreement on the thorny issue of the countries' common border.
    (AFP, 9/21/04)

2004        Sep 29, Kyrgyzstan police arrested a man for attempting the black market sale of 60 small containers of what was confirmed as plutonium.
    (WSJ, 9/30/04, p.A1)

2005        Feb 27, Kyrgyzstan faced a key test of its commitment to democracy in parliamentary elections amid tension over the exclusion of a number of opposition figures and prominent lawmakers. Some opposition figures and prominent politicians disqualified from the ballot in a country once seen as an island of democracy in former Soviet Central Asia.
    (AP, 2/27/05)(AP, 2/28/05)
2005        Feb 27, Bayaman Erkinbayev, a wealthy playboy and head of the Palvan Corporation, led 2,000 fighters trained in Alysh, Kyrgyzstan's answer to Kung Fu, to protests launched after the first round of a parliamentary election.
    (AP, 3/28/05)

2005        Mar 10, Kyrgyzstan opposition parties united around former PM Kurmanbek, who will coordinate national protests sparked by the 1st round of elections.
    (WSJ, 3/11/05, p.A9)

2005        Mar 13, Kyrgyzstan held parliamentary runoff elections amid rising tension over signs the longtime leader plans to extend his rule beyond constitutional limits. President Askar Akayev (60) won an overwhelmingly loyal Parliament in runoff elections. The opposition won 6 of 75 seats and said the vote was riddled with abuses.
    (AP, 3/14/05)(SFC, 3/15/05, p.A3)

2005        Mar 20, In Kyrgyzstan protesters stormed a police station in Jalal-Abad forcing officers to flee, a day after baton-wielding police evicted demonstrators from two government buildings they had occupied to protest alleged election fraud. 4 policemen were reported killed.
    (AP, 3/20/05)(WSJ, 3/21/05, p.A1)

2005        Mar 22, Kyrgyzstan President Askar Akayev's spokesman said protests sweeping are part of a "coup" designed by criminals. The government signaled it has no intention of accepting election fraud charges that have fueled the massive rallies.
    (AP, 3/22/05)

2005        Mar 24, In Kyrgyzstan protesters stormed the presidential compound, seizing control of the seat of state power after clashing with riot police during a large opposition rally. President Askar Akayev reportedly flew to Russia. The ITAR-Tass news agency said President Askar Akayev has resigned. This came to be called Kyrgyzstans Tulip revolution.
    (AP, 3/24/05)(SFC, 3/25/05, p.A1)(Econ, 8/1/09, p.38)

2005        Mar 25, In Kyrgyzstan Kurmanbek Bakiyev (55) was appointed acting president by parliament. The opposition scrambled to restore order in Bishkek, a capital described as "gone mad" with looting and vandalism, after driving President Askar Akayev from power.
    (AP, 3/25/05)(SFC, 3/26/05, p.A3)

2005        Mar 27, In Kyrgyzstan 2 rival parliaments competed for power, raising political uncertainty in the former Soviet nation. Both groups, the parliament newly elected in a disputed vote that sparked massive discontent, and the one that lost the election, met in separate chambers over the weekend, each claiming to represent the people.
    (AP, 3/27/05)

2005        Mar 28, Interim leader Kurmanbek Bakiyev recognized Kyrgyzstan's new parliament as legitimate even though it was chosen in disputed elections, a move designed to end a struggle between the rival legislatures.
    (AP, 3/28/05)

2005        Apr 4, Kyrgyz President Askar Akayev, who fled the country last month after demonstrators stormed his offices, signed a resignation agreement.
    (AP, 4/4/05)

2005        Apr 11, The Kyrgyz parliament accepted the resignation of ousted Pres. Askar Akayev.
    (AP, 4/11/05)

2005        May 22, A top Kyrgyz official said Uzbeks who fled into neighboring Kyrgyzstan to escape violence in their Central Asian country are not refugees and must return home.
    (AP, 5/22/05)

2005        Jun 1, About 200 people, some throwing stones, broke into Kyrgyzstan's Supreme Court and evicted activists who had occupied the building for more than a month in a protest on behalf of five losing parliamentary candidates.
    (AP, 6/1/05)

2005        Jun 6, In Kyrgyzstan an arrest warrant was issued for former prime minister Nikolai Tanayev, accused of illegally transferring about $1 million in state funds to a private construction company run by his son. A request for Tanayevs extradition was sent to Moscow.
    (AP, 6/6/05)

2005        Jun 10, Jyrgalbek Surabaldiyev, a Kyrgyz lawmaker and owner of Kyrgyzstan's largest automobile market, was gunned down. He was a close ally of the country's former leader.
    (AP, 6/10/05)

2005        Jun 13, In Kyrgyzstan guards outside a hotel opened fire on hundreds of traders who had come to the southern city of Osh to demand fair market practices. 4 people were hurt.
    (AP, 6/13/05)

2005        Jun 17, In Kyrgyzstan several hundred unarmed supporters of a presidential hopeful who was denied registration in next month's election stormed the government headquarters. Troops with truncheons and tear gas beat back protesters in the biggest unrest in Kyrgyzstan since its longtime president was ousted in March. The clash injured 39 people.
    (AP, 6/17/05)

2005        Jun 18, In Kyrgyzstan Mukar Cholponbayev, who served as speaker of the Central Asian nation's lower parliament house in the late 1990s, was arrested in the capital Bishkek for allegedly helping to organize the previous days takeover of the government headquarters.
    (AP, 6/19/05)

2005        Jun 27, The UN said it wanted to move hundreds of Uzbek refugees to third countries from camps in Kyrgyzstan because there were fears Uzbekistan might try to snatch them and take them home by force.
    (AP, 6/27/05)

2005        Jul 5, An alliance of Russia, China and central Asian nations called for the US and coalition members in Afghanistan to set a date for withdrawing from member states, reflecting growing unease over America's regional military presence. The Shanghai Cooperation Organization includes China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.
    (AP, 7/5/05)

2005        Jul 10, Kyrgyzstan held presidential elections. With more than three-quarters of the ballots counted from 95 percent of the districts, Kurmanbek Bakiev (Bakiyev) received nearly 89 percent of the vote. He had teamed up with Felix Kulov, his most serious rival, by promising him the position of prime minister.
    (AP, 7/11/05)(Econ, 7/16/05, p.39)

2005        Jul 27, The UN started evacuating more than 400 refugees from a camp in Kyrgyzstan and will fly them to a third country to keep them from being sent home to Uzbekistan where they fear prosecution. Uzbekistan has been pressuring Kyrgyzstan to hand over the refugees, and Kyrgyz officials relented in recent weeks, sending at least 87 of them back.
    (AP, 7/27/05)

2005        Jul 29, A plane with 440 Uzbek refugees left Kyrgyzstan for Romania.
    (AP, 7/29/05)

2005        Aug 1, A prosecutor said that Kyrgyzstan will send 15 Uzbeks asylum seekers back to their home country, despite pleas from the United Nations and rights groups that it violates international treaties on refugees.
    (AP, 8/1/05)

2005        Aug 14, Kurmanbek Bakiyev, Kyrgyzstans new president, pledged in his inaugural speech that the former Soviet Central Asian nation, which hosts both US and Russian military bases, will pursue an independent foreign policy under his leadership.
    (AP, 8/14/05)

2005        Aug 15, New Kyrgyz President Kurmanbek Bakiyev appointed Felix Kulov, a former opposition politician who was jailed under the country's ousted Soviet-era leader, as acting prime minister.
    (AP, 8/15/05)

2005        Sep 5, Kyrgyzstan President Kurmanbek Bakiyev said that his Central Asian nation will allow the US military base on its territory for as long as necessary to bring stability to Afghanistan, but he also said the rent will increase.
    (AP, 9/5/05)

2005        Sep 21, Unidentified gunmen in Bishkek killed Bayaman Erkinbayev (38), a Kyrgyz lawmaker and wealthy businessman. He had survived an assassination attempt 5 months ago.
    (AP, 9/22/05)

2005        Oct 3, The UN ambassadors of Britain, France and the US sent a letter emphasizing their continued opposition to a proposal to create a nuclear-weapons free zone in Central Asia. The letter, sent to the UN ambassadors of the five Central Asian nations, says that a draft treaty to create the zone still does not address their biggest concerns and that further discussions are needed. It calls for consultations "very soon." The five nations agreed to the draft text for a Central Asian nuclear-free zone in February. Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan had originally put forward a proposal for a nuclear-weapon free zone in 1997, but divisions both internal and external over the text have stalled progress. Moscow claims that a 1992 treaty that Russia signed with Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan could allow missiles to be deployed in the region.
    (AP, 10/4/05)

2005        Oct 20, Inmates at a prison hospital in Kyrgyzstan killed a parliamentarian and two other people after taking him and his entourage hostage.
    (AP, 10/20/05)

2005        Oct 24, Hundreds of demonstrators rallied in front of the Kyrgyz parliament for a third day to demand that the PM resign over the slaying of a lawmaker during a prison uprising.
    (AP, 10/24/05)

2005        Nov 1, Gunfire erupted and at least four inmates were killed at two Kyrgyz prisons after riot police entered to restore order following a bloody uprising.
    (AP, 11/1/05)

2005        Dec 29, Kyrgyzstan's president effectively ended the use of the death penalty in this ex-Soviet republic by extending a moratorium on the punishment until its planned abolition. Kyrgyzstan first imposed the moratorium in 1998 and has since repeatedly extended it.
    (AP, 12/30/05)

2005        The population of Kyrgyzstan was about 5 million.
    (SSFC, 9/30/01, p.A2)(SFC, 3/25/05, p.A12)

2006        Feb 27, Omurbek Tekebayev, the speaker of Kyrgyzstan's parliament, stepped down in response to the president's criticism of lawmakers. Tekebayev had submitted his resignation on Feb. 10 after saying that President Kurmanbek Bakiyev "should go hang himself if he is a man."
    (AP, 2/27/06)

2006        Apr 12, In Kyrgyzstan Edil Baisalov, leader of a coalition of civic groups called For Democracy and Civil Society, suffered a gunshot wound in the back of the head when he was leaving his office in the capital, Bishkek. Baisalov has led a campaign against a bid by alleged criminal boss Ryspek Akmatbayev to become a lawmaker.
    (AP, 4/12/06)

2006        Apr 19, In Kyrgyzstan Pres. Bakiyev threatened to expel American troops from the Central Asian nation unless the US agrees to pay more for its military presence.
    (AP, 4/19/06)

2006        Apr 29, In Kyrgyzstan thousands of protesters demanding reform gathered in the main square in Bishkek but dispersed peacefully after President Bakiyev and PM Felix Kulov addressed the crowd.
    (AP, 4/29/06)

2006        May 10, In Kyrgyzstan a gunman in a passing car shot and killed Ryspek Akmatbayev, a reputed crime boss, who was recently elected to parliament.
    (AP, 5/10/06)

2006        May 12, Gunmen attacked border posts on both sides of the frontier between Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, killing five people and injuring two.
    (AP, 5/12/06)

2006        May 27, In Kyrgyzstan thousands of protesters demonstrated in the capital Bishkek to demand that the government undertake promised constitutional reforms.
    (AP, 5/28/06)

2006        Jun 15, The Shanghai Cooperation Organization, a Russian and Chinese-led bloc of Asian states, said it plans to set up an expert group to boost computer security and help guard against threats to their regimes from the Internet. SCO members (China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan) are mostly authoritarian states that maintain tight controls on communications technology, including the Internet.
    (AP, 6/15/06)

2006        Jul 11, An officials said Kyrgyzstan's Foreign Ministry has decided to expel two US diplomats for "inappropriate" contacts with nongovernment organizations.
    (AP, 7/11/06)

2006        Jul 14, Kyrgyzstan and the US resolved a payment dispute that had threatened the future of the US military base near Bishkek.
    (AP, 7/14/06)

2006        Jul 18, Kyrgyz police in Osh arrested six men suspected of taking part in an uprising in neighboring Uzbekistan last year and seized 14 ounces of TNT from them.
    (AP, 7/19/06)

2006        Aug 6, In Kyrgyzstan Imam Mokhammadrafik Kamalov (53) was killed in the city of Osh along with two suspected Islamic radicals during an operation to track down men suspected of attacking Kyrgyz and Tajik border posts in May, killing nine people.
    (AP, 8/8/06)

2006        Sep 5, In Kyrgyzstan Maj. Jill Metzger (33), a US Air Force officer, went missing while shopping in the capital of Bishkek. Metzger reappeared 3 days later and said she had been seized by three young men and a woman in a minibus and held in a rural area about 30 miles from the capital.
    (AP, 9/6/06)(AP, 9/9/06)

2006        Sep 9, Five central Asian countries (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan) signed a nuclear-free zone treaty, but it did not cancel out a 1992 agreement to allow Russia to transport and deploy nuclear weapons there under certain circumstances.
    (SSFC, 9/10/06, p.A18)

2006        Nov 6, Kyrgyzstan President Kurmanbek Bakiyev agreed to several opposition demands after five days of rallies demanding his resignation. Police officers guarding the presidential headquarters switched over to the protesters' side.
    (AP, 11/6/06)

2006        Nov 7, In Kyrgyzstan protesters demanding the Kyrgyz president's resignation clashed with government supporters, but fears of deadly violence eased after lawmakers on both sides said they had agreed on a compromise draft constitution.
    (AP, 11/7/06)

2006        Nov 9, Kyrgyzstan's President Kurmanbek Bakiyev signed an amended constitution limiting his own powers in a bid to defuse the deepest political crisis this Central Asian nation has experienced since the 2005 uprising that carried him to power.
    (AP, 11/9/06)

2006        Dec 6, A US serviceman fatally shot a civilian at the US air base in Kyrgyzstan "in response to a threat."
    (AP, 12/6/06)

2006        Dec 7, In Kyrgyzstan President Kurmanbek Bakiyev called for US troops deployed in the former Soviet nation to be stripped of diplomatic immunity after a US serviceman fatally shot a Kyrgyz civilian. The US air base said the serviceman who fatally shot a Kyrgyz truck driver had been threatened with a knife and responded as his training required.
    (AP, 12/7/06)

2006        Dec 19, Kyrgyzstans President Kurmanbek Bakiyev accepted the resignation of the government due to a dispute with parliament, adding new tension to the troubled politics of a country of strategic interest to both Russia and the United States.
    (AP, 12/19/06)

2007        Jan 15, Kyrgyzstan Pres. Bakiyev signed into law constitutional amendments strengthening his powers that he had pushed through after threatening to dissolve parliament.
    (AP, 1/15/07)

2007        Apr 11, In Kyrgyzstan thousands of opposition supporters gathered in the main square of Bishkek to press President Kurmanbek Bakiyev to resign. Bakiyev had sought to head off the opposition protest by signing constitutional amendments curtailing his power a day earlier, but the opposition rejected his move and showed up in full force.
    (AP, 4/11/07)

2007        Apr 19, Kyrgyzstan police used tear gas and stun grenades to disperse thousands of opposition protesters who had marched to the president's office in Bishkek to demand his resignation.
    (AP, 4/19/07)

2007        May 30, Medical officials in Kyrgyzstan confirmed that PM Almazbek Atambayev was poisoned after receiving death threats but said they have not yet identified the toxin.
    (AP, 5/30/07)

2007        Aug 17, The six members of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) held their first joint maneuvers on Russian land in a demonstration of their growing military ties and a shared desire to counter US global clout. The presidents of Russia, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan attended the unprecedented joint military exercises in Chelyabinsk near the Kazakh border.
    (AFP, 8/17/07)

2007        Sep 19, Kyrgyzstan's Pres. Kurmanbek Bakiyev called a national referendum on changing the constitution to elect the Parliament by party list, a change that would hurt the country's many small parties and independent politicians.
    (AP, 9/19/07)

2007        Oct 21, Kyrgyzstan held a national referendum on changing the constitution to elect the Parliament by party list. On Oct 23 the main trans-Atlantic security and rights group and the US Embassy said the referendum on constitutional change was marred by numerous violations.
    (AP, 10/23/07)

2007        Oct 22,     Kyrgyz President Kurmanbek Bakiyev signed a decree dissolving parliament, a day after voters overwhelmingly approved a referendum on constitutional changes that his critics called a power grab.
    (AP, 10/22/07)

2007        Oct 24,     In southern Kyrgyzstan Alisher Saipov (26), a prominent independent ethnic-Uzbek journalist, was shot to death. He had close ties to the opposition to the authoritarian regime in neighboring Uzbekistan.
    (AP, 10/24/07)(Econ, 6/19/10, p.28)

2007        Nov 28, Kyrgyzstan's president signed an order relieving PM Almazbek Atambayev of duty, nine months after he was appointed in a move to appease opposition groups.
    (AP, 11/28/07)

2007        Dec 16, Kyrgyzstan held parliamentary elections. Critics have said election code changes, introduced in October, were designed to evict all opposition politicians from the legislature. The Central Election Commission said Kyrgyz President Kurmanbek Bakiyev's Ak Jol party won 71 out of 90 parliament seats in the parliamentary election. The top opposition party failed to win parliament seats and the party accused the government of rigging the vote and said it would appeal the results in court.
    (AP, 12/17/07)(AP, 12/20/07)

2007        Dec 24, In Kyrgyzstan Igor Chudinov, a former energy and industry minister was, named prime minister.
    (AP, 12/24/07)

2008        Aug 24, In Kyrgyzstan a Boeing 737 passenger jet carrying 90 people to Iran crashed near Bishkeks Manas Intl. Airport. At least 65 people were killed.
    (AP, 8/24/08)

2008        Oct 5, A 6.6-magnitude earthquake struck the mountains of Central Asia, destroying Nura village in Kyrgyzstan and killing at least 75 people including 41 children.
    (AP, 10/6/08)(AP, 10/7/08)(SFC, 10/11/08, p.B6)

2008        Dec 5, Kyrgyzstan's state radio station was reported to have taken BBC programming off the airwaves, days after withdrawing broadcasting rights from US-funded Radio Liberty's Kyrgyz Service.
    (AP, 12/5/08)

2009        Jan 18, Kyrgyzstan began to come under a massive cyber attack attributed to Russian cyber-militia. Less than 20% of the countrys 5.3 million population had online access. Proposed reasons for the attacks included the US use of an air base for operations in Afghanistan or a hit on the fledgling Kyrgyz opposition, which has used the Internet to express its discontent.    
    (WSJ, 1/28/09, p.A10)

2009        Feb 3, Kyrgyzstan said it would end the US lease of an air base that supports military operations in Afghanistan. Kyrgyzstan President Kurmanbek Bakiyev announced his intention to shut the base, at least for the moment, after Russia agreed to provide Kyrgyzstan with $2 billion in loans plus another $150 million in financial aid. The lease deal obliges Kyrgyzstan to give the US 180 days notice to clear the base.
    (AP, 2/4/09)

2009        Feb 4, Russia sought to bolster its security alliance with six other ex-Soviet nations (Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan) by forming a joint rapid reaction force in a continuing effort to curb US influence in energy-rich Central Asia.
    (AP, 2/4/09)

2009        Feb 6, Russia granted transit rights to nonlethal US military supplies headed to Afghanistan, but only after pressuring Kyrgyzstan to close an air base leased to the US.
    (SFC, 2/7/09, p.A3)

2009        Feb 19, Kyrgyzstan's parliament voted to close a key US air base in the country, a move that could hamper Pres. Obama's efforts to increase the number of US forces in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 2/19/09)

2009        Feb 20, Kyrgyzstan ordered US forces to depart within six months from an air base key to military operations in Afghanistan, complicating plans to send more troops to battle rising Taliban and al-Qaida violence. A US military official said Uzbekistan will allow non-lethal US military cargo heading to Afghanistan to transit through the country.
    (AP, 2/20/09)

2009        Feb 26, Kazakhstan announced it was pulling out of the Central Asian power grid to protect its energy supplies, a move that forced rolling blackouts and electricity rationing on Kyrgyzstan, its tiny, power-starved neighbor.
    (AP, 2/26/09)

2009        Mar 3, In Kyrgyzstan Syrgak Abdyldayev, a journalist with the Reporter-Bishkek weekly, was stabbed repeatedly by four assailants after leaving his office. Opposition parties described the attack as an attempt to stamp out freedom of expression.
    (AP, 3/4/09)

2009        Mar 6, Kyrgyz lawmakers voted overwhelmingly to suspend an agreement that allows US-led coalition forces fighting in Afghanistan to use an air base on its territory.
    (AP, 3/6/09)

2009        Mar 11, Prosecutors in Kyrgyzstan charged a prominent opposition leader with murder in a case that government critics say is politically motivated. Alikbek Jekshenkulov was accused of involvement in the shooting of a Turkish citizen in late 2007 and illegal possession of a weapon. Jekshenkulov was foreign minister until February 2007.
    (AP, 3/11/09)

2009        Mar 13, In Kyrgyzstan Medet Sadyrkulov, a key opposition figure to Pres. Bakiyev, was killed in an alleged car crash that left him and 2 passengers burned beyond recognition.
    (WSJ, 3/14/09, p.A6)(Econ, 1/9/10, p.45)

2009        Mar 16, In Kyrgyzstan opposition parties called for protests across the country this month, amid worsening economic conditions and mounting accusations of government repression.
    (AP, 3/17/09)

2009        Mar 18, Kyrgyzstan police detained several prominent activists as they held a ceremony to mark the seventh anniversary of shootings that left six protesters dead.
    (AP, 3/18/09)

2009        Apr, In Kyrgyzstan Sanjarbek Kadyraliev became the 4th parliamentarian to be assassinated since the 2005 revolution.
    (Econ, 8/1/09, p.38)

2009        Jun 23, A Kyrgyz parliamentary committee approved a deal in which the United States has agreed to pay more than triple the previous rent for use of a key air base in Kyrgyzstan to ship non-lethal military supplies to Afghanistan.
    (AP, 6/23/09)

2009        Jun 25, Kyrgyzstan's parliament unanimously approved a deal allowing the US to continue using an air base crucial to military operations in Afghanistan, sharply shifting course months after ordering American forces out by August. President Kurmanbek Bakiyev signed the agreement into law in early July.
    (AP, 6/25/09)(AP, 7/7/09)

2009        Jun 27, Kyrgyzstan security forces killed three alleged members of a terrorist organization in a shootout. Authorities identified the gunmen as Islamic militants and said one of those killed was their leader, a Kyrgyz citizen who had received training at a terrorist camp in Pakistan. Another of the dead was from Khanabad, a town in neighboring Uzbekistan. The security ministry said they belonged to the Islamic Jihad Group (IJG), an obscure organization that Uzbek authorities have claimed is a splinter group of the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan.
    (AP, 6/29/09)

2009        Jul 12, In Kyrgyzstan government critic Almaz Tashiyev (Tashiev) died of complications from head injuries after surgery. Relatives said he told them before the operation that he had been beaten by eight police officers earlier in the week. His death came after a series of attacks on reporters and shortly before next week's presidential election, reinforcing concerns about the risks faced by independent journalists in the Central Asian nation. Junior lieutenant Shukurbek Nurmatov was arrested July 16 on suspicion of being involved in the beating.
    (AP, 7/13/09)(AP, 7/17/09)(Econ, 8/1/09, p.38)

2009        Jul 23, In Kyrgyzstan Almazbek Atambayev, the main opposition candidate, said he was no longer taking part in this days presidential election, citing widespread ballot-stuffing and the intimidation of election monitors. Pres. Bakiyev (59) won another 5-year term with 76% of the ballots. International monitors said the election was marred by ballot-box stuffing and widespread irregularities in vote counting.
    (AP, 7/23/09)(AP, 8/2/09)

2009        Jul 29, In Kyrgyzstan a number of protestors were detained, as police suppressed a series of demonstrations against the disputed re-election of President Kurmanbek Bakiyev. Police said 42 protesters were detained in Bishkek. The opposition reported that about 80 people were detained in Besh-Kungei.
    (AP, 7/29/09)

2009        Aug 1, Kyrgyzstan allowed Russia to open a second military base on its territory, expanding Moscow's military reach to balance against the US presence.
    (Reuters, 8/1/09)

2009        Sep 23, Officials in Kyrgyzstan called for the death penalty to be reinstated and said public executions could be carried out, a sharp reversal that will likely draw international condemnation.
    (AP, 9/23/09)

2009        Oct 20, Kyrgyzstan's Cabinet resigned as part of a sweeping government reform campaign the president said will save money and make the Central Asian nation's leadership more effective. Opposition leaders dismissed President Kurmanbek Bakiyev's reform push as a bid to increase his own power.
    (AP, 10/20/09)

2009        Nov 30, Tajikistan unveiled a Chinese-built 500-kilowatt transmission line that will link the northern and central parts of the country. This would add to the poor nation's debt to China but reduce reliance on Uzbekistan, which planned to withdraw on Dec 1 from the Soviet-era power grid that unites four Central Asian countries. This prompted fears of electricity shortages that could make for a winter of hardship in impoverished Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. Tajikistan, said the move will cut it off from gas-rich Turkmenistan.
    (AP, 11/30/09)

2009        Dec 22, In Kazakhstan journalist Gennady Pavlyuk (51) of Kyrgyzstan died six days after being thrown from a 6th story window in central Almaty.
    (Econ, 1/9/10, p.45)

2009        Dilip Hiro authored Inside Central Asia: A Political and Cultural History of Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkey and Iran.
    (Econ, 9/26/09, p.98)

2010        Mar 17, In Kyrgyzstan thousands of demonstrators rallied in the capital Bishkek to protest recent sharp increases in heating and electricity tariffs and alleged oppression of government opponents.
    (AP, 3/17/10)

2010        Mar 23, Kyrgyzstan's Pres. Kurmanbek Bakiyev said that Western-style democracy has run its course in the ex-Soviet Central Asian country, prompting fears of a further decline in political freedoms.
    (AP, 3/23/10)

2010        Apr 3, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon repeatedly criticized Kyrgyzstan for human rights problems, a strong rebuke to the country once regarded as former Soviet Central Asia's "island of democracy."
    (AP, 4/3/10)

2010        Apr 6, In Kyrgyzstan hundreds of protesters angry over rising heat and power prices seized a government building in Talas, took a governor hostage and clashed with troops after trying to seize a regional governor.
    (AP, 4/6/10)(Econ, 4/10/10, p.43)
2010        Apr 6, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon criticized as "unacceptable" Uzbekistan's placing of land mines along parts of its border with Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan that have not been delineated.
    (AP, 4/6/10)

2010        Apr 7, In Kyrgyzstan anti-government unrest rocked Bishkek as thousands of protesters stormed the main government building, set fire to the prosecutor's office and looted state TV headquarters. At least 83 people were killed and some 1500 injured in clashes nationwide.
    (AP, 4/7/10)(AP, 4/8/10)(Econ, 4/17/10, p.46)

2010        Apr 8, Kyrgyzstan President Kurmanbek Bakiyev told a Russian radio station he is not admitting defeat despite a bloody uprising and the formation of an interim government. Opposition leader Roza Otunbayeva, a former foreign minister, said earlier parliament was dissolved and she would head an interim government that would rule for six months until elections were held. Otunbayeva replaced PM Daniyar Usenov following his resignation. The country's new defense chief said that the nation's 5 million people now have nothing to fear from the security forces.
    (AP, 4/8/10)(SFC, 4/9/10, p.A2)(Econ, 4/10/10, p.43)

2010        Apr 13, Kyrgyzstan's deposed president said he will resign if the interim authorities guarantee his security, and the head of the security services said he was ready to make such a promise. Kyrgyzstan's interim leader said her government will extend the lease of a US air base key to the war in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 4/13/10)

2010        Apr 15, Deposed Kyrgyzstan President Kurmanbek Bakiyev' left the country for neighboring Kazakhstan, just hours after gunfire erupted at a rally where he was speaking to supporters.
    (AP, 4/15/10)

2010        Apr 20, Kyrgyzstan's ousted president was in exile in Belarus, as the interim authorities controlling the Kyrgyz capital warned he would be imprisoned if he tried to return to the Central Asian country.
    (AP, 4/20/10)

2010        Apr 27, In Kyrgyzstan the leader of the interim authorities said ousted president Kurmanbek Bakiyev has been charged with organizing mass killings in the deadly uprising that forced him from office in this Central Asian country earlier this month.
    (AP, 4/27/10)

2010        May 3, Kyrgyzstan's interim government offered cash rewards for information leading to the arrest of fugitive relatives and colleagues of deposed President Kurmanbek Bakiyev. Rewards from $20,000 to $100,000 were offered to those who can help find them, colossal bounties in a country where the average salary is $130 per month. Bakiyevs brother Zhanybek was wanted for ordering police to open fire on protestors.
    (AP, 5/3/10)

2010        May 13, In Kyrgyzstan opponents of the interim rulers stormed two regional government headquarters, threatening the delicate peace that has reigned since the violent overthrow of the president last month.
    (AP, 5/13/10)

2010        May 14, In Kyrgyzstan gunfire erupted as hundreds of interim government backers fought supporters of deposed Pres. Kurmanbek Bakiyev for control over regional government buildings. At least one person was killed and more than 60 injured in the worst violence since last month's forceful government change.
    (AP, 5/14/10)

2010        May 18, In Kyrgyzstan several thousand people tried to storm a university in a burst of ethnic violence that left at least 2 people dead and 50 wounded, prompting the interim government to call a local state of emergency.
    (AP, 5/19/10)

2010        May 19, In southern Kyrgyzstan ethnic violence broke out in Jalalabad. Ethnic Kyrgyz supporters of ousted Pres. Bakiyev clashed with the Uzbek minority, supporters of the interim government.
    (AP, 5/20/10)(SFC, 5/20/10, p.A2)

2010        Jun 7, Kyrgyzstan's fragile interim government suffered its first major defection as Edil Baisalov, the acting president's chief of staff, announced his resignation and disclosed plans to create a new political party.
    (AP, 6/7/10)

2010        Jun 10, In Kyrgyzstan five simultaneous attacks by masked men carrying guns took place in Osh. The perpetrators were said to be Bakiyev-financed criminal gangs and ethnic Uzbek groups financed by someone else.
    (Econ, 6/19/10, p.27)

2010        Jun 11, In southern Kyrgyzstan clashes between the ethnic Kyrgyz and the minority Uzbek community erupted overnight and killed at least 37 people leaving more than 450 wounded in Osh. Officials declared a state of emergency in part of the Central Asian nation that hosts US and Russian military bases.
    (AP, 6/11/10)

2010        Jun 13, Kyrgyz mobs burned Uzbek villages and slaughtered their residents in the worst ethnic rioting this Central Asian nation has seen in 20 years. Officials said more than 75,000 Uzbek refugees have fled the rising ethnic violence, amid reports of Kyrgyz mobs torching Uzbek villages and slaughtering their residents. At least 371 people were killed in the rioting that began on June 10.
    (AP, 6/13/10)(Econ, 10/2/10, p.44)

2010        Jun 14, Some 100,000 minority Uzbeks fleeing a purge by mobs of Kyrgyz massed at the border, as the deadliest ethnic violence to hit this Central Asian nation in decades as fires raged in the southern city of Osh for a fourth day.
    (AP, 6/14/10)

2010        Jun 15, The Intl. Red Cross said several hundred people have been killed in Kyrgyzstan since rioting began on June 10. The interim government blamed the inner circle of former Pres. Bakiyev for inciting the rioting. Uzbekistan closed its borders saying it could take no more refugees.
    (AP, 6/15/10)(SFC, 6/16/10, p.A5)(Econ, 6/19/10, p.26)

2010        Jun 17, The United Nations said some 400,000 people have been displaced by ethnic violence in southern Kyrgyzstan, dramatically increasing the official estimate of a crisis that has left throngs of desperate, fearful refugees without enough food and water in grim camps along the Uzbek border.
    (AP, 6/17/10)

2010        Jun 18, Kyrgyzstan's interim Pres. Roza Otunbayeva said that 2,000 people may have died in the ethnic clashes that have rocked the country's south, many times her government's official estimate, as she made her first visit to a riot-hit city since the unrest erupted.
    (AP, 6/18/10)
2010        Jun 18, In Kyrgyzstan Azimzhan Askarov (59), a reporter and human rights activist, set out to report on the death of a police officer, but was instead accused of inciting the crime. Kyrgyzstan broke ties with the US after the State Department gave him a prestigious bravery award in 2015. In 2016 the UN determined his conviction was completely unjust.
    (Insider, 5/3/20)

2010        Jun 19, A top US envoy called for an independent investigation into the violence that has devastated southern Kyrgyzstan, as amateur video emerged of unarmed Uzbeks gathering to defend their town during the attacks.
    (AP, 6/19/10)

2010        Jun 21, Kyrgyz government forces swept into an ethnic Uzbek village, beating men and women with rifle butts in an assault that left at least two dead and more than 20 wounded.
    (AP, 6/21/10)

2010        Jun 22, Kyrgyzstan troops reportedly beat several dozen men and women in an Uzbek neighborhood in Osh in a raid that deepened refugees' fears about returning to an area seared by an eruption of deadly ethnic violence.
    (AP, 6/22/10)

2010        Jun 25, Kyrgyz authorities said they have arrested Sandjar Bakiyev (27), a nephew of deposed President Kurmanbek Bakiyev, and charged him with helping organize the ethnic rioting that tore apart this Central Asian nation's south.
    (AP, 6/25/10)

2010        Jun 27, Kyrgyzstan held a referendum on a new constitution, amid deadly ethnic tensions. The interim government hoped it would legitimize their hold on power until new elections in October. Interim Pres. Roza Otunbayeva said voters have approved a new constitution that will allow the nation to form a legitimate government after months of turmoil.
    (AP, 6/26/10)(AP, 6/27/10)

2010        Jun, In southern Kyrgyzstan rioting and pogroms this month took over 400 lives.
    (Econ, 4/20/13, p.46)

2010        Jul 3, In Kyrgyzstan Roza Otunbayeva was sworn in as president. She would hold office for 18 months and would be ineligible to stand for election.
    (SSFC, 7/4/10, p.A3)(Econ, 7/3/10, p.42)

2010        Jul 21, Kyrgyzstan police detained Akhmat Bakiyev, a brother of deposed President Kurmanbek Bakiyev, in the latest effort to solidify control over the country's tense south and dismantle the former leader's entourage. International health and rights groups said that minority ethnic Uzbeks in southern Kyrgyzstan are being deprived of medical treatment and opportunities to seek refuge in neighboring Uzbekistan.
    (AP, 7/21/10)(AP, 7/22/10)

2010        Jul 27, Kyrgyzstan's government appealed to an international donors conference for $1.2 billion in aid to rebuild the country after months of political and ethnic violence.
    (AP, 7/27/10)

2010        Aug 5, Kyrgyzstan government forces fired into the air to disperse hundreds of anti-government forces and arrested Urmat Baryktabasov, leader of the Mekin-Tuu political party, backed by the family of former Pres. Bakiyev.
    (SFC, 8/6/10, p.A4)

2010        Aug 20, Kyrgyzstan's interim government suffered a humiliating blow as Osh Mayor Melis Myrzakmatov, a powerful opponent, refused to step down as mayor of the southern city devastated by deadly ethnic violence two months ago.
    (AP, 8/20/10)

2010        Sep 15, In Kyrgyzstan the Nooken District Court convicted Azimjon Askarov, an ethnic Uzbek, on charges including complicity in murder, participating in mass violence and hostage-taking during deadly ethnic unrest that roiled the south in June. Amnesty International condemned the life sentence saying Askarov had gathered evidence implicating police in the violence before being detained. On Jan 24, 2017, a Kyrgyzstan court upheld his life sentence.
    (AP, 9/16/10)(AP, 1/24/17)

2010        Oct 10, In Kyrgyzstan about 56% of eligible voters turned out to elect a new and empowered parliament with the right to approve a government and appoint a prime minister. The nationalist Ata-Zhurt party, which opposed the new constitution, pulled ahead with around 8.6 percent of eligible votes. The Social Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan, trailed in second place with 8.2 percent of the eligible vote.
    (AP, 10/10/10)(AP, 10/11/10)(Econ, 10/16/10, p.52)

2010        Nov 10, In Kyrgyzstan a new and more powerful parliament convened for the first time, an important step in the former Soviet nation's rough path toward democratic reform. The Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) said Kyrgyzstan should build on the new constitutions provision of media freedoms and decriminalize defamation and libel.
    (AP, 11/10/10)(http://tinyurl.com/3kxgjal)

2010        Nov 17, Kyrgyzstan put its deposed president, Kurmanbek Bakiyev, on trial in his absence, with prosecutors seeking a long prison term for Kurmanbek Bakiyev on charges that he ordered troops to fire on demonstrators, killing 78 people. Bakiyev, in self-imposed exile in Belarus, was being tried along with 27 other former officials for their alleged involvement in the deaths during April street protests that led to the fall of his government.
    (AP, 11/17/10)

2010        Nov 24, A court in southern Kyrgyzstan sentenced 17 people to life in jail for violence that wracked the region in June. Judge Damirbek Nazarov ruled the men killed 16 people on the highway linking the south with the capital, Bishkek. All defendants in the trial that ended the previous day were ethnic Uzbeks. International rights activists largely agree the Uzbek minority sustained the bulk of the violence that left 370 people dead.
    (AP, 11/24/10)

2010        Nov 29, In southern Kyrgyzstan at least four Islamic militants were killed in a clash with security forces.
    (AP, 11/29/10)

2010        Nov 30, In Kyrgyzstan Social Democrat Party leader Almazbek Atambyev said that the leaders of two other parties have agreed on posts they would take in the government ending weeks of political uncertainty. Atambyev says he is set to become prime minister.
    (AP, 11/30/10)

2010        Dec 17, Kyrgyzstan's fractious parliament named a new prime minister and formed a government, ending weeks of political uncertainty. Social Democrat Party leader Almazbek Atambayev was named premier with 92 out of 114 votes.
    (AP, 12/18/10)

2010        The population of Kyrgyzstan was about 5.4 million.
    (Econ, 5/15/10, p.49)

2011        Feb 15, Kyrgyzstan officials say budgetary constraints are forcing them to shoot an estimated 10,000 stray dogs in Bishkek rather than build shelters for them.
    (AP, 2/15/11)

2011        Mar 3, A Kyrgyzstan court sentenced Eugene Gourevich, an American businessman, to 15 years in jail in absentia for selling a fuel depot in Kyrgyzstan to a US company at $3 million below the market rate. Gourevich fled Kyrgyzstan after the overthrow last year of President Kurmanbek Bakiyev. Kyrgyz authorities believed the Bakiyev family benefited financially from opaque fuel supply deals with the US air base.
    (AP, 3/16/11)

2011        Apr 4, The 7-member Kyrgyz Inquiry Commission (KIC) found that some military people were at least complicit in ethnic clashes that rocked southern Kyrgyzstan last June leaving some 470 people dead.
    (Econ, 5/14/11, p.54)(http://tinyurl.com/3nrhdt6)

2011        Jul 11, Kyrgyzstan President Roza Otunbayeva approved an amendment to the criminal code to decriminalize libel.
    (AP, 7/19/11)(http://tinyurl.com/42bowvh)

2011        Jul 20, A magnitude-6.1 temblor centered in Kyrgyzstan hit shortly after midnight in a mountainous area some 20 miles (35 km) away from the eastern Uzbek city of Ferghana, which has a population of more than 200,000. The earthquake killed at least 14 people, including 13 in Uzbekistan and one in Tajikistan.
    (AP, 7/20/11)

2011        Sep 3, In Tajikistan leaders from eight former Soviet states (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan) gathered to celebrate enduring cooperation over the two decades since their nations collectively gained independence, but mutual acrimony and recriminations cast a shadow over the event.
    (AP, 9/3/11)

2011        Sep 23, Kyrgyzstan's PM Almazbek Atambayev said he will step aside and hand duties over to his deputy in order to run in the Central Asian nation's Oct. 30 presidential election.
    (AP, 9/23/11)

2011        Sep 27, Kyrgyzstan officials said Gazpromneft-Aero Kyrgyzstan, a Russian-controlled company, will soon start supplying 20 percent of the aviation fuel to the Manas Transit Center, strategically vital US air base, and it could eventually increase that share. Family members of the two previous Kyrgyz presidents, both of whom were overthrown in popular uprisings, have been accused of profiting from dealings with the base.
    (AP, 9/27/11)

2011        Oct 30, Voters in Kyrgyzstan cast their ballots in a presidential election that could set a democratic example for authoritarian neighbors. The election pitted front-runner Almazbek Atambayev against two popular nationalist politicians, Kamchibek Tashiyev and Adakhan Madumarov. Monitors from the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe criticized irregularities as preliminary returns showed Atambayev winning over 60 percent of votes.
    (AP, 10/30/11)(AP, 10/31/11)

2011        Dec 16, In Kyrgyzstan 4 parties agreed to form a broad coalition government, a development that could create much-needed political stability.
    (AP, 12/16/11)

2011        Dec 28, In southern Kyrgyzstan a Soviet-built jet operated by a Kyrgyz carrier broke its wing, overturned and caught fire as it tried to land in deep fog in Osh, leaving 31 people injured.
    (AP, 12/28/11)

2012        Jan 28, It was reported that more than 1,000 prisoners in Kyrgyzstan have sewn their lips together, a grotesque act inmates describe as a protest of their dismal conditions, but which authorities blame on organized criminal gangs who resent attempts to break the power they wield in prisons.
    (AP, 1/28/12)

2012        Feb 2, Kyrgyzstan's government said it will reprimand officials responsible for allowing contaminated radioactive coal to be imported into the country from neighboring Kazakhstan.
    (AP, 2/2/12)

2012        Apr 9, Kyrgyzstan authorities began testing members of the new anti-corruption agency on live television in a bid to display an unusual level of transparency in this corruption-riddled Central Asian nation.
    (AFP, 4/9/12)

2012        Apr 25, A Kyrgyzstan utilities company turned off the gas supply to a major war memorial in the capital, Bishkek, after city authorities failed to clear a 3-year $9,400 debt.
    (AP, 4/25/12)

2012        Jun 4, NATO concluded agreements with Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan to allow it to evacuate military equipment from Afghanistan and completely bypass Pakistan.
    (SFC, 6/5/12, p.A2)

2012        Aug 22, The 8-month old government of Kyrgyzstan collapsed as a coalition partner defected citing corruption and failure to turn the economy around. Kyrgyzstan ranked 164th out of 183 countries in Transparency Internationals corruption perception index.
    (Economist, 9/1/12, p.41)

2012        Oct 12, London police arrested Maksim Bakiyev (34), the fugitive son of Kyrgyzstan's deposed president, on a US extradition warrant on suspicion of fraud. released on bail until his next court hearing on Dec 7.
    (AP, 10/13/12)

2012        Dec 21, Kyrgyzstan's state-owned natural gas company said it is to be sold to Russia's energy monopoly Gazprom, raising hopes of an end to debilitating energy shortages in the impoverished Central Asian nation.
    (AP, 12/21/12)

2013        Feb, Kyrgyzstans Parliament voted to scrap its existing contract with Canadas Centerra Gold, operator of the Kumtor mine. This mine accounts for as much as 12% of the countrys GDP and half of its exports, while contributing nearly a tenth of the national budget.
    (Econ, 3/16/13, p.42)
2013        Feb, The Kyrgyzstan Supreme Court voted to keep secret the salaries of MPs.
    (Econ, 3/16/13, p.42)

2013        May 3, An American KC-135 military tanker refueling plane carrying 3 crew members crashed in the mountains of Kyrgyzstan, the Central Asian nation where the US operates an air base key to the war in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 5/3/13)

2013        May 21, Kyrgyzstan's President Almazbek Atambayev reaffirmed that next year the Central Asian nation will evict the US air base that supports military operations in nearby Afghanistan.
    (AP, 5/22/13)

2013        May 31, In Kyrgyzstan hundreds of stone-throwing protesters besieged the offices of the Kumtor gold mine, owned by Torontos Centerra Gold, clashing with riot police and prompting the Central Asian nation to declare a state of emergency. Protesters wanted the mine to be nationalized and the company to provide more benefits.
    (AP, 5/31/13)(SFC, 6/1/13, p.A2)

2013        Jun 1, Kyrgyzstan officials said protesters have lifted their blockade of a Canadian gold mine in the east, but their supporters in the south continued their siege of a local governor's headquarters.
    (AP, 6/1/13)

2013        Jun 20, Kyrgyzstan lawmakers voted 91-5 in favor of ending an agreement with the US to lease the Manas Transit Center in June 2014. Annual rent for Manas was $60 million and an additional $80 million was spent by the base. Pres. Almazbek Atambayev signed the bill on Jun 25.
    (AP, 6/20/13)(http://tinyurl.com/lnl4bfl)(Econ, 12/7/13, p.44)

2013        Aug 27, Kyrgyzstan officials scrambled to control the spread of bubonic plague that killed a rural boy last week as three more people showed possible symptoms of the disease.
    (AFP, 8/27/13)

2014        Jan 23, In Kyrgyzstan 11 people, believed to be members of a militant group of ethnic Uighurs, were killed after illegally crossing the border from China.
    (Reuters, 1/24/14)

2014        Mar 19, Kyrgyzstans governing coalition collapsed after a party withdrew its support over unhappiness at the redevelopment of economically struggling cities in the south.
    (AP, 3/19/14)

2014        Apr, Russia-based Gasprom took over Kyrgyzstans gas network, pledging a stable gas supply. Days later Uzbekistan stopped exporting gas to Kyrgyzstan saying it had no contract to sell to Gasprom.
    (Econ, 7/26/14, p.35)

2014        Jul 25, The Kyrgyzstan Supreme Court found former president Kurmanbek Bakiyev guilty of orchestrating the response to street protests in April 2010. He was convicted and sentenced in absentia to life in prison for his role in violently breaking up an opposition rally, resulting in 77 deaths.
    (AP, 7/25/14)

2014        Aug 25, Tajik police said gun fire from Kyrgyzstan killed a border guard and one civilian and wounded four other civilians. The Kyrgyz border force blamed the incident on Tajikistan, saying Tajik servicemen had tried to erect a border post "on an undelimited part of the border" and started to destroy a bridge across a river used by Kyrgyz citizens.
    (Reuters, 8/26/14)

2014        Sep 11, The Shanghai Co-operation Organization (SCO) opened its 14th annual summit. The 2-day meeting in Dushanbe, Tajikistan, included the groups six member countries: China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. The SCO agreed to adopt procedures for expansion with India and Pakistan likely to join next year.
    (Econ, 9/20/14, p.39)

2014        Nov 11, Kyrgyzstan President Almazbek Atambayev, who has completed a tour seeking help from neighboring countries, said that he obtained a preliminary agreement for gas-rich Turkmenistan to supply up to 1 billion kilowatt hours annually. Kazakhstan last week agreed to provide 1.4 billion kilowatt hours per year, around one-fifth of Kyrgyzstan's average consumption.
    (AP, 11/11/14)

2014        Dec 23, Russia and four other ex-Soviet nations completed the creation of a new economic alliance intended to bolster their integration. The Eurasian Economic Union, which includes Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Armenia and Kyrgyzstan, comes to existence on Jan 1. Belarus President Alexander Lukashenko cracked the ceremonial veneer of the meeting by launching a harsh attack on Moscow for damaging Belarus' economic interests with moves to restrict its exports to Russia.
    (AP, 12/23/14)

2015        Feb, Kyrgyzstan arrested Imam Rashot Kamalov, a popular Uzbek preacher, for talking of an Islamic State caliphate.
    (Econ., 5/2/15, p.35)

2015        Mar 27, Kyrgyzstans secret police, the GKNB, raided the office and home of lawyer Khusanbay Saliev, who represented arrested Uzbek Imam Rashot Kamalov.
    (Econ., 5/2/15, p.35)

2015        Mar 16, Russias Pres. Putin made his first public appearance since March 5 meeting Kyrgyz President Almazbek Atambayev at the Constantine Palace outside Russia's second city of St. Petersburg. More than 45,000 Russian troops as well as war planes and submarines started military exercises across much of the country.
    (Reuters, 3/16/15)

2015        Apr 30, Kyrgyzstan's parliament voted to approve former economy minister Temir Sariyev as prime minister after his predecessor resigned over a mining dispute with Canada's Centerra Gold.
    (Reuters, 4/30/15)

2015        May 21, Kyrgyzstan Pres. Almazbek Atambayev signed a measure to join the Eurasian Economic Union, a Russia-led trade bloc.
    (AP, 5/21/15)

2015        Jul 16, Kyrgyzstan's security police killed at least 2 members of an "international terrorist organization" in a firefight near the center of the capital Bishkek that was still going on. 6 militants killed by security forces in Bishkek belonged to Islamic State. Another seven were reported caught during the operation.
    (Reuters, 7/16/15)(Reuters, 7/17/15)
2015        Jul 16, The US Department of State conferred the 2014 Human Rights Defender Award on Azimjon Askarov, a journalist and activist. His son Sherzod accepted it on his behalf. Askarov, an ethnic Uzbek, was convicted of "organizing mass disturbances" and stirring up ethnic hatred leading to the killing of a policeman during clashes in southern Kyrgyzstan in June 2010, when more than 400 people were killed. The next day Kyrgyzstan protested the award.
    (AP, 7/17/15)

2015        Oct 4, Kyrgyzstan went to the polls for a hotly-contested parliamentary vote.
    (AFP, 10/4/15)

2015        Oct 22, In Kyrgyzstan shooting broke out on the outskirts of Bishkek between police and a man believed to be one of the Islamist militants who escaped from a local prison this month. police believed Altynbek Itibayev, who has been convicted for murder and faces more charges, including those of terrorism, had barricaded himself inside a small building with another unidentified men.
    (Reuters, 10/22/15)

2015        Nov 2, In Kyrgyzstan four parties jointly holding a majority in parliament agreed to establish a coalition and back incumbent PM Temir Sariyev, a move widely expected after the parties' success in the elections last month.
    (Reuters, 11/2/15)

2016        Mar 23, Kyrgyzstan's state security body said it had audio recordings that showed several opposition politicians planned mass riots to oust President Almazbek Atambayev, but two of the accused politicians denounced the recordings as fakes.
    (Reuters, 3/23/16)

2016        Mar 24, Kyrgyzstan accused Uzbekistan of building up its military presence at their shared border in retaliation for Kyrgyzstan's attempt to reclaim a water reservoir at a contested spot.
    (AP, 3/24/16)

2016        Apr 11, Kyrgyz PM Temir Sariyev and his cabinet resigned after a parliamentary commission accused it of corruption, a move highlighting tensions between different factions of President Almazbek Atambayev's supporters.
    (Reuters, 4/11/16)

2016        May 12, Kyrgyzstan security services arrested three politicians including a former minister on charges of plotting a coup, ahead of an anti-government rally later this month.
    (AFP, 5/13/16)

2016        May 30, Kyrgyzstan's Pres. Almazbek Atambayev dismissed the police chief of the Central Asian country after the arrests of politicians suspected of plotting a coup.
    (AFP, 5/30/16)

2016        Aug 27, In Russia a fire in a Moscow printing plant killed 17 people. A representative of the Kyrgyz diaspora in Russia said all the dead were members of its community. Some 500,000 Kyrgyz citizens worked in Russia.
    (Reuters, 8/27/16)

2016        Aug 30, In Kyrgyzstan a van driven by a suicide bomber exploded after ramming through a gate at the Chinese embassy in Bishkek, injuring three people. Only the suicide bomber died.
    (AFP, 8/30/16)

2016        Nov 3, The Kyrgyzstan Social Democratic party formed a new governing coalition, comprising lawmakers who a day earlier voted for constitutional reforms that opponents say are aimed at extending President Almazbek Atambayev's rule.
    (Reuters, 11/3/16)

2016        Dec 11, Kyrgyzstan voters cast ballots in a constitutional referendum that includes amendments that boost the power of prime minister something opposition groups have criticized in the ex-Soviet Central Asian nation.
    (AP, 12/11/16)

2017        Jan 16, A Turkish cargo jet crashed near Kyrgyzstan's Manas airport, killing at least 37 people including 4 crew members. Most of the dead were residents of a village struck by the Boeing 747 as it tried to land in dense fog. 23 of 43 houses in the village were destroyed.
    (Reuters, 1/16/17)(SFC, 1/17/17, p.A3)

2017        Feb 26, In Kyrgyzstan hundreds of people protested after authorities detained a prominent opposition leader on fraud and corruption charges that his supporters say are politically motivated. Omurbek Tekebayev was arrested early today after arriving at the main airport outside the capital Bishkek on a flight from Vienna.
    (AP, 2/26/17)

2017        Mar 25, In Kyrgyzstan about 250 people had gathered in Bishkek to demand the release of Sadyr Japarov, who was arrested when trying to enter the country earlier in the day. Supporters tried to break through a police cordon outside the national security agency's headquarters, but police turned them back with flash grenades. Dozens were arrested. Japarov had lived the past few years in Cyprus after serving a prison sentence for organizing a 2013 protest that turned violent.
    (AP, 3/25/17)

2017        Oct 15, Kyrgyzstan voted in a presidential election with observers predicting no outright winner and a close runoff between two pro-Russian candidates. The main opposition candidate, oil tycoon Omurbek Babanov, has accused the government of attacking his supporters and campaign staff. President Almazbek Atambayev, who backed candidate Sooronbai Jeenbekov, warned he would use any violence as an opportunity to "cleanse" the country.
    (Reuters, 10/15/17)

2017        Oct 16, European observers said vote-buying and significant procedural problems marred Kyrgyzstan's presidential vote, though they praised the move towards an orderly transfer of power in the volatile ex-Soviet state. Sooronbai Jeenbekov, a protege of the outgoing president, won the elections with 55 percent, a stronger result than the near tie polls had predicted.
    (Reuters, 10/16/17)

2017        Oct 26, The office of Kyrgyz President Almazbek Atambayev ordered that the country stop commemorating marking the 1917 Bolshevik Revolution because "the date is losing its significance." The order said Kyrgyzstan should instead use November 7 to honor the victims of a bloody Tsarist crackdown in the region in 1916. November 8 is set aside to remember the Kyrgyz victims of Stalinist repression.
    (AFP, 10/27/17)

2017        Dec 25, The leaders of Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan pledged to improve relations, after ties between the two former Soviet republics degenerated into a trade war under the previous Kyrgyz leadership.
    (Reuters, 12/25/17)

2017        In Kyrgyzstan Sadyr Japarov, a firebrand nationalist, was convicted of kidnapping a regional official.
    (AP, 10/11/20)

2018        Feb 17, It was reported that authorities in ex-Soviet Kazakhstan have arrested a lawmaker from neighbouring Kyrgyzstan over contraband. Damirbek Asylbek uulu, an MP with the ruling coalition, was arrested along with three other Kyrgyz citizens.
    (AFP, 2/18/18)

2018        Apr 19, Kyrgyzstan President Sooronbai Jeenbekov fired PM Sapar Isakov and the government following a vote of no confidence.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sapar_Isakov)

2018        Apr 20, Kyrgyzstan's parliament named Mukhammedkaliy Abylgaziyev as prime minister after his nomination by the Social Democratic party which leads the ruling coalition. He replaced Sapar Isakov whose cabinet lost a no-confidence vote this week.
    (Reuters, 4/20/18)

2018        Jun 5, Former Kyrgyzstan PM Sapar Isakov was arrested on corruption charges related to upgrading of the Bishkek Thermal Power Station.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sapar_Isakov)

2018        Sep 19, Human Rights Watch said Kyrgyzstan has convicted hundreds of people for extremism by using an excessively broad definition of the crime, and it urged the largely Muslim Central Asian nation to review such cases. The Bishkek government said that such cases would be reviewed after legal reforms next year.
    (AP, 9/19/18)

2019        Jun 27, Lawmakers in Kyrgyzstan voted to lift the immunity of former president Almazbek Atambayev (62), paving the way for a prosecution that could provoke a political crisis in the fragile Central Asian state.
    (AP, 6/27/19)

2019        Aug 7, Kyrgyzstan special forces failed to capture former president Almazbek Atambayev during a raid on his compound outside Bishkek. One officer was left dead and a police chief in a critical condition.
    (AP, 8/8/19)

2019        Aug 8, Kyrgyz security forces launched a second raid on the house of former president Almazbek Atambayev, after a failed attempt to arrest him the previous day led to violent clashes with his followers. Atambayev surrendered when police raided his home and detained him for questioning over a corruption case, laying bare a power struggle with his successor Sooronbai Jeenbekov that is pushing the Central Asian nation to the brink of political crisis. In 2020 Atambayev was sentenced to 11 years in prison on corruption charges.
    (Reuters, 8/8/19)(AP, 8/13/19)(Econ., 6/27/20, p.27)

2019        Dec 2, In Kyrgyzstan Mira Djangaracheva resigned as director of the national arts museum after receiving death threats from supporters of right-wing nationalist movements who saw the exhibition as offensive to traditional Kyrgyz values. An art exhibition that featured a woman undressing in front of an audience was censored by the government.
    (Reuters, 12/3/19)

2020        Jan 31, The Trump administration announced that it was restricting immigrants from six additional countries that officials said failed to meet minimum security standards, as part of an election-year push to further clamp down immigration. Immigrants from Kyrgyzstan, Myanmar, Eritrea, Nigeria, Sudan and Tanzania will face new restrictions in obtaining certain visas to come to the United States.
    (AP, 1/3120)

2020        Mar 2, Kyrgyz riot police used tear gas, stun grenades and water cannon to disperse hundreds of anti-government protesters who approached the government headquarters in the capital Bishkek. Some 2,000 protesters rallied on Bishkek's central square earlier in the day to demand the release of Sadyr Zhaparov, a former adviser to ex-president Kurmanbek Bakiyev.
    (AP, 3/2/20)

2020        Mar 8, Police in Kyrgyzstan detained dozens of women's rights activists shortly after journalists witnessed the protesters being attacked by masked men.
    (AP, 3/8/20)

2020        Apr 15, It was reported that Tajikistan has applied for the IMF's emergency financing, becoming the second Central Asian nation to do so amid the global crisis prompted by the novel coronavirus outbreak. Kyrgyzstan, which has already received $121 million from the fund.
    (Reuters, 4/15/20)

2020        Jun 17, Kyrgyzstan's parliament approved Kubatbek Boronov as the new prime minister. Former PM Mukhammedkalyi Abylgaziyev resigned on June 15 over a scandal on whether the government had illegally sold radio frequencies.
    (SFC, 6/18/20, p.A2)

2020        Jun 23, Kyrgyz President Sooronbai Jeenbekov abandoned plans to attend the Moscow 75th anniversary Victory Day parade when two members of his delegation tested positive for the virus after arriving in Moscow. He and the delegation returned to Kyrgyzstan and the president went into self-isolation. The parade for the May 9 Victory Day, Russias most important secular holiday, was postponed to June 24 due to the pandemic.
    (AP, 6/24/20)

2020        Jul 25, Azimzhan Askarov (69), an ethnic Uzbek rights activist and human rights defender in Kyrgyzstan, died in a prison clinic. He was serving a life term on charges of involvement in ethnic violence that were widely criticized as trumped-up. He had documented violence and looting during the June 2010 violence between ethnic Kyrgyz and minority Uzbeks in the southern cities of Osh and Jalal-Abad tat left 470 people killed.
    (AP, 7/25/20)

2020        Oct 6, The Central Election Commission of Kyrgyzstan declared the results of the Oct. 4 parliamentary election invalid a day after having awarded the majority of seats to two political parties with ties to the president, Sooronbai Jeenbekov sparking mass protests in Bishkek, and other cities. Opposition groups seized physical control of Parliament in protest of parliamentary elections they called rigged.
    (AP, 10/6/20)(NY Times, 10/7/20)

2020        Oct 9, Kyrgyzstan President Sooronbai Jeenbekov ordered a nearly two-week state of emergency in Bishkek in a bid to end turmoil sparked by a disputed parliamentary election as clashes between rival factions escalated and gunshots were fired at several political leaders. But just hours after the presidential decree, the Interior Ministry said the state of emergency in the capital would only be introduced the following day.
    (AP, 10/9/20)

2020        Oct 10, Authorities in Kyrgyzstan arrested former president Almazbek Atambayev, banned rallies and imposed a curfew in Bishkek, seeking to end a week of turmoil sparked by a disputed parliamentary election. Atambayev was arrested on charges of organizing riots.
    (AP, 10/10/20)

2020        Oct 11, Kyrgyzstans parliament installed Sadyr Japarov, a convicted kidnapper, as the countrys new prime minister less than a week after protesters broke him out of prison. Immediately after Mr Japarov called for President Sooronbai Jeenbekov to resign. This would allow him to consolidate power and complete Kyrgyzstans third revolution in 15 years.
    (AP, 10/11/20)

2020        Oct 14, Kyrgyzstan's Pres. Sooronbai Jeenbekov endorsed the appointment of Sadyr Zhaparov as prime minister. The former lawmaker was freed from jail by demonstrators last week. Jeenbekov also approved Zhaparov's new Cabinet.
    (AP, 10/15/20)

2020        Oct 15, Kyrgyzstans embattled Pres. Sooronbai Jeenbekov (Jeyenbekov) said he was resigning following protests over a disputed parliamentary election, the third time in 15 years that a leader of the Central Asian country has been ousted by a popular uprising.
    (AP, 10/15/20)(Econ., 1/16/21, p.28)

2020        Oct 16, Kyrgyzstan's PM Sadyr Zhaparov (Japarov) became the acting head of state in the wake of Pres. Sooronbai Jeenbekov's resignation.
    (SFC, 10/17/20, p.A2)(Econ., 10/17/20, p.33)

2021        Jan 10, Kyrgyzstan voters gave Sadyr Zhaparov, nationalist politician who was released from prison amid protests that overthrew Pres. Sooronbai Jeenbekov last year, a landslide 79% victory and approved a referendum to change the constitution to give the presidency more power.
    (AP, 1/10/21)

2021        Feb 24, Russian President Vladimir Putin hosted Sadyr Zhaparov (52), the newly elected president of Kyrgyzstan, voicing hope for political stability in the Central Asian nation that recently saw a violent change of government for the third time in 15 years.
    (AP, 2/24/21)

2021        Apr 29, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan traded blame for cross-border shelling and clashes that left at least one person dead.
    (SFC, 4/30/21, p.A4)

2021        May 1, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan agreed to withdraw troops from their borders following an outburst of intense fighting that killed about 40 people.
    (SSFC, 5/2/21, p.A6)

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