Timeline Lithuania 1930-2015

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1930        Feb 23, Jonas Jablonskis (b.1860), linguist and author of a prescriptive grammar of the Lithuanian language, died.
    (LC, 1998, p.4,30)

1930      Mar 10, Justinas Marcinkevicius, Lithuanian poet, was born.
    (LHC,3/10/03)

1930        Jun 9, Adomas Varnas designed a set of Lithuanian stamps to mark the 500th anniversary of the death of Vytautas in 1430. Also featured were prime minister Juozas Tubelis and president Antanas Smetona.
    (DrEE, 11/9/96, p.6)

1930        Jun 7, The Univ. of Lithuania in Kaunas was renamed Vytautas Magnus Univ.
    (DrEE, 11/23/96, p.4)(LC, 1998, p.18)

1930        Jun 30, Lithuania held its 3rd national Song Festival with 200 choirs and 9000 singers to commemorate the 500th anniversary of the death of Vytautas the Great.
    (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GAbLnCvuM5E&feature=related)

1930        Jul 24, Marija Peckauskas (b.1877), aka Satrijos Ragana, died.
    (LC, 1998, p.20)

1930        Aistros, billed as the first Lithuanian magazine, was first published.
    (www.youtube.com/watch?v=7fonhorB54Y&feature=related)

1931        May 6, A 1926 treaty with the Soviet Union was extended for 5 years.
    (LC, 1998, p.16)

1931        Dec 3, Danielius Dolskis (b.1891), Lithuanian-Jewish singer, died. His songs included “Onyte, einam su manim pašokti" (Dear Anna, Come Dance With Me) (1930).
    (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_2JR_OYmQIc&feature=related)

1932        May 4, A parliament for Klaipeda was elected.
    (LC, 1998, p.16)

1932        Jun 21, Heavyweight Max Schmeling lost a title fight by decision to Jack Sharkey (American Lithuanian Sarkis Zukauskas); Schmeling’s manager, Joe Jacobs, exclaimed: "We was robbed!"
    (AP, 6/21/97)(LC, 1998, p.18)

1932        Jun 28, Maironis (b.1862), priest and poet, died in Kaunas.
    (LC, 1998, p.18)

1932        Aug 11, Hearings at the Hague over control of Klaipeda ended with Lithuania given sovereignty.
    (LC, 1998, p.22)

1932        Oct 29, The railroad line between Telsiai and Kretinga opened.
    (LC, 1998, p.26)

1932        Dec 1-7, Adomas Varnas designed 2 sets of stamps sold for one week as the "Second Lithuanian Child Issue." Between 1932-1933 there 8 child issues.
    (DrEE, 11/9/96, p.6)

1932        Svetlana Beriosova (d.1998) was born in Kaunas. Her father, Nicholas Beriozoff, worked at the Lithuanian State Opera. He later danced for the Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo. Svetlana went on to become a leading ballerina with the Royal Ballet of England.
    (SFC, 11/14/98, p.A23)

1933        Apr 29, Juozas Tumas (Vaizgantas), writer, died in Kaunas.
    (LC, 1998, p.14)

1933        Jul 6-7, Steponas Darius and Stasy Girenas, Lithuanian pilots, flew across the Atlantic and died when their plane crashed near Soldin, Germany (later Poland). Their portrait is on the 10-litas note.
    (LC, 1998, p.4,20)(LHC, 1/8/03)

1933        Lithuanian popular singer Antanas Sabaniauskas sang "Pasaka" (Story).
    (www.youtube.com/watch?v=ik0xTVUZXeE&NR=1)

1934        Sep 12, Estonia, Latvia & Lithuania signed the Baltic Entente in Geneva against the USSR.
    (LC, 1998, p.24)(MC, 9/12/01)

1934-1940    Povilas Zadeikis (d.1957) replaced Mr. Balutis as Lith. representative in Washington. He continued even with no official government to consult with and no official funding until 1957.
    (Dr, 7/96, V1#1, p.4)

1935        Jun 15-20, Lithuanian folk dancers traveled to London to perform at an Int’l. dance festival.
    (TLFDF, 7/6/96)

1935        Aug 11-17, In Kaunas the 1st Lithuanian World Congress was held.
    (LC, 1998, p.22)

1936        Feb 6, All political parties in Lithuania were forbidden except for the Union of Tautininkai (Homelander’s Union).
    (LHC, 2/6/03)

1936        Feb 16, The new War Museum in Kaunas opened.
    (Dr, 7/7/96, p.4)

1936        Jun 25, The Board of Ministries approved the concept of establishing a Veterinary Academy.
    (DrEE, 12/14/96, p.5)

1936        Jun 30, The Seimas was again convened. Voters rights were restricted. Political parties were disbanded and candidates loyal to the regime were nominated by municipal councils.
    (DrEE, 10/5/96, p.5)

1936        Sep 1, The Veterinary Academy was established under the order of the Ministry of Agriculture.
    (DrEE, 12/14/96, p.5)

1936        Sep 19, The Veterinary Academy was ceremoniously opened at the State Veterinary Bacteriological Institute in Kaunas.
    (DrEE, 12/14/96, p.5)

1936        Lithuanian folk dancing was introduced as part of the national high school program.
    (TLFDF, 7/6/96)

1936        The original Kaunas Museum closed.
    (Dr, 7/7/96, p.4)

1936        The Central Library became a legal depository.
    (WWW)

1937        Jun 27-29 The first mass Lith. Folk Dance Festival in Lithuania was held in Kaunas.
    (TLFDF, 7/6/96)

1938        Feb 11, The 4th Lithuanian parliament accepted Lithuania’s 3rd Constitution, which was proclaimed May 12, 1938. The Constitution reduced the powers of the Seimas. It could only consider the draft laws and give recommendations to the president.
    (DrEE, 10/5/96, p.5)(LHC, 2/11/03)

1938      Mar 17, The Polish government presented an ultimatum to Lithuania to establish diplomatic ties. (LHC, 3/17/03)

1938      Mar 19, Lithuania accepted a Polish peace ultimatum and established diplomatic ties.
    (HN, 3/19/98)(LHC, 3/19/03)

1938        Jun 20-25 Lithuanian fold dancers and choir from the Kaunas Vytauto Didziuojo Univ. were invited to Czechoslovakia and performed concerts at Prague and Pilzen.
    (TLFDF, 7/6/96)

1938-1940    Chiune Sugihara, a Japanese diplomat, and Jan Zvartendijk, a Dutch diplomat, worked together to save 6-8 thousand Polish Jews, who had fled to Lithuania by issuing them visas for Japan, China and the Dutch colonies in South America. In 1997 Ken Mochizuki published "Passage To Freedom: The Sugihara Story."
    (SFC, 9/7/96, p.A13)(SFEC, 4/27/97, BR p.10)

1939        Mar 22, Germany marched into Klaipeda (Memel), Lithuania. The Lithuanian warship Prezidentas Smetona was left without a harbor. The ship soon settled at Latvia’s port of Liepaja. In December Ltn. P. Labanauskas was named captain. In 1940 Soviet occupiers called for the ship to raise the Soviet flag, but Captain Labanauskas sailed the ship out of Soviet territory. The ship was later handed over to the Soviet Baltic fleet. On Jan 11, 1945, it hit a mine and sank off the coast of Finland.        
    (Voruta #27-28, Jul 1996, p.2)(http://tinyurl.com/cs545k)

1939        Mar 23, Germany marched into and occupied Klaipeda.
    (LC, 1998, p.12)

1939        Aug 19, Vyacheslav Molotov outlined the Soviet requirements to the German Ambassador, Friedrich von Schulenburg. He insisted that trade agreements be signed and that a special protocol be made defining the German and Soviet spheres of interest.
    (DrEE, 10/26/96, p.4)

1939        Aug 20, Soviet and German trade agreements were signed.
    (DrEE, 10/26/96, p.4)

1939        Aug 23, German Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop and Soviet Commissar for Foreign Affairs Vyacheslav M. Molotov signed a Treaty of Non-Aggression, the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact freeing Hitler to invade Poland and Stalin to invade Finland. Secret protocols, made public years later, were added that assigned Finland, Estonia, Latvia and Bessarabia to be within the Soviet sphere of influence. Poland was partitioned along the rivers Narev, Vistula and San. Germany retained Lithuania enlarged by the inclusion of Vilnius. Just days after the signing, Germany invaded Poland, and by the end of September, both powers had claimed sections of Poland.
    (WP, 6/29/96, p.A16)(AP, 8/23/97) (HNPD, 8/22/98)(HN, 8/23/98)

1939        Sep 17, The Soviet Union attacked Poland.
    (DrEE, 10/26/96, p.4)

1939        Sep 28, The Boundary and Friendship Treaty between the USSR and Germany was supplemented by secret protocols to amend the secret protocols of Aug 23. Among other things Lithuania was reassigned to the Soviet sphere of influence. Poland’s partition line was moved eastwards from the Vistula line to the line of the Bug. Germany kept a small part of south-west Lithuania, the Uznemune region. A separate Soviet mutual defense pact was signed with Estonia
    (DrEE, 9/28/96, p.3)(DrEE, 10/26/96, p.4)(DrEE, 10/26/96, p.4)

1939        Oct 10, Lithuania signed a treaty that allowed a soviet garrison of 20,000 troops to be stationed in the country in return for Vilnius and other regions with a population of 600,000.
    (DrEE, 10/12/96, p.3)(DrEE, 10/26/96, p.4)

1939        Oct 28, The Lithuanian army marched into Vilnius.
    (LC, 1998, p.26)

1939        Dec 6, Prime Minister Antanas Merkys made a speech that mentioned the "Oct 10 treaty with friendly Soviet Union."
    (DrEE, 10/12/96, p.3)

1939        At the European Basketball championships in Kaunas, Pranas Lubinas as player coach led the Lithuanian team to victory over Latvia in the final seconds 36-35.
    (DrEE, 9/28/96, p.2)

1940        Jun 14, The Soviets presented an ultimatum that demanded the free entry of an unlimited number of troops. The government surrendered and Pres. Smetona left the country.
    (DrEE, 10/26/96, p.4)

1940         Jun 15, The Soviet Red Army invaded Lithuania. Pres. Antanas Smetona protested the occupation and left Lithuania.
    (DrEE, 10/26/96, p.4)(LC, 1998, p.18)

1940        Jun 16, Soviet Foreign Minister Molotov presented August Rei, Estonia’s envoy in Moscow, an ultimatum to allow an unlimited number of Soviet troops, which was accepted. Latvia received a similar ultimatum.
    (DrEE, 10/26/96, p.4)(www.historycommission.ee/temp/conclusions_frame.htm)

1940        Jun 17, The Soviet Union occupied Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia.
    (HN, 6/17/98)

1940        Summer, The Lithuanian weekly Nepriklausoma Lietuva (Independent Lithuania) was launched in Toronto, Canada.
    (DrEE, 11/9/96, p.3)

1940        Jul 14-15, Soviet occupiers organized elections for a People's Parliament.
    (LC, 1998, p.20)

1940        Jul 21, The new USSR-organized parliaments of Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania held simultaneous sessions. They declared their countries to be soviet socialist republics and applied for admission to the USSR.
    (www.historycommission.ee/temp/conclusions_frame.htm)

1940            Jul, Jan Zwartendijk, a Dutch diplomat, and Chiune Sugihara, a Japanese diplomat, worked together to save some 2,000 thousand Polish Jews, who had fled to Lithuania by issuing them visas for Japan, China and the Dutch colonies in South America. Zwartendijk wrote out the so called Curacao visas, while Sugihara issued the transit visas. The Sugihara family was later captured by the Russians and placed in a concentration camp for 1 1/2 years.
    (www.remember.org/witness/righteous.html)(SFC, 9/7/96, p.A13)(SFC, 9/9/96, p.A16)

1940        Jul, Rigged elections of the People’s Seimas were held. Documents drafted by this Seimas formally legalized the annexation of Lithuania to the Soviet Union.
    (DrEE, 10/5/96, p.5)

1940        Aug 3, The Supreme Soviet officially registered the acceptance of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania into the USSR.
    (SC, 8/3/02)(www.historycommission.ee/temp/conclusions_frame.htm)

1940        Aug 21, Leon Trotsky, exiled Communist revolutionary, died in Mexico City from wounds inflicted by an assassin the day before. Earlier this year Josef Grigulevich (27), a Lithuania-born KGB agent, established a safe house at Zook's Pharmacy in Santa Fe, NM, for the assassins of Leon Trotsky. The pharmacy, visible in archive photos, was replaced in 1990 by a Haagen-Dazs ice cream shop. Grigulevich was recruited by Soviet strongman Josef Stalin's secret police as a university student in Paris and learned the assassin's trade during the Spanish civil war. He later published 58 books on Latin American history. In 2011 intelligence expert E.B. Held authored "A Spy's Guide to Albuquerque and Santa Fe."
    (AP, 8/21/08)(AFP, 2/4/11)

1940        Aug 25, The ‘parliaments’ of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania declared themselves ‘provisional Supreme Soviets’ and adopted new constitutions that were composed according to the example of the constitutions of already existing union republics of the USSR.
    (www.historycommission.ee/temp/conclusions_frame.htm)

1940        Aug 30, Senpo Chinne Sugihara, the Japanese diplomat in Lithuania, received orders from Japan to stop issuing visas immediately. He disobeyed the order and continued issuing visas until the end of the month when the consulate closed. In all Sugihara issued visas to some 3,500 Jewish refugees.
    (SFC, 9/7/96, p.A13)(SFC, 9/9/96, p.A16)

1940        Aug, The Armies of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania were reorganized as territorial rifle corps of the Red Army and placed under the control of the political leaders of the Red Army.
    (www.historycommission.ee/temp/conclusions_frame.htm)

1940        Sep 17, Lithuanian Activist Front or LAF (Lithuanian: Lietuvos aktyvistų frontas), a short-lived resistance organization, was established after Lithuania was occupied by the Soviet Union. The LAF was ferociously anti-Polish and anti-Jewish.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithuanian_Activist_Front)(Econ, 2/12/11, p.60)

1940-1944    Members of the Lithuanian Security Police (Saugumas) persecuted Jews and other civilians in collaboration with the Nazi government. In 1998 in New York Aloyzas Balsys, suspected of collaboration, refused to answer questions on his wartime activities based on the US 5th amendment and fear of foreign prosecution. He claimed to have lived in hiding in Plateliaia at the time and filed to enter the US in 1961. The case was to be heard by the US Supreme Court. The Supreme Court ruled that Balsys was required to testify, but he refused and left for Lithuania on May 29, 1999.
    (SFC, 1/17/98, p.A3)

1940-1947    The Lithuanian embassy in Washington published a bulletin titled The Lithuanian Situation.
    (Dr, 7/96, V1#1, p.4)

1941        Mar 25, Russian occupiers ended the litas as Lithuanian currency.
    (LHC, 3/25/03)

1941        Apr, The NKVD of the USSR arranged a list of Russian, Uzbek and Kazakh regions and autonomous republics where Lithuanian residents would be deported for a period of 20 years.
    (Dr, 7/96, V1#1, p.3)

1941        Jun 14, The Russian secret police gathered up some 40,000 men, women and children and exiled them to Siberia in cattle cars. This was the first of many shipments. Some 10,000 Estonians, more than 15,000 Latvians and between 16,000 and 18,000 Lithuanians were herded onto cattle trains and transported to the far eastern reaches of the Soviet Union, where many of them died.
    (WP, 6/29/96, p.A16)(http://tinyurl.com/5jxmas)

1941        Jun 21, War began between Russia and Germany.
    (LC, 1998, p.18)

1941        Jun 22, The second world war began in Lithuania. Lithuania rebelled against Russian occupation.
    (LC, 1998, p.18)

1941        Jun 23, Juozas Ambrzevicius (Juozas Brazaitis), one of the leaders of the Lithuanian Activist Front (LAF), began serving as the acting PM of the Provisional Government of Lithuania and continued to August 5, 1941. He died in exile in 1974. He published memoirs “All Alone" (Lithuanian: Vienų vieni) in 1964 under the name of N. E. Sudūvis.
    (Econ, 2/12/11, p.60)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juozas_Ambrazevi%C4%8Dius)
1941        Jun 23, The German army entered Kovno (Kaunas), Lithuania.
    (WSJ, 1/19/08, p.W8)

1941        Jun 24, The entire Jewish male population of Gorzhdy, Lithuania, was exterminated.
    (MC, 6/24/02)
1941        Jun 24, Germans advanced into Russia and took Vilnius, Brest-Litovsk and Kaunas.
    (MC, 6/24/02)

1941        Jun 26, Lithuanian fascists massacred 2,300 Jews in Kovno.
    (MC, 6/26/02)

1941         Jun, Former Lithuanian Pres. Aleksandras Stulginskis and his wife were arrested by the Soviet NKVD and deported to a gulag in the Krasnoyarsk region. His wife was deported to the Komi area. After World War II in 1952 he was officially sentenced by the Soviet authorities to 25 years in prison for his anti-socialist and clerical policies in pre-war Lithuania. Released after Joseph Stalin's death in 1956, he was allowed to emigrate, yet he refused and returned to Lithuanian SSR.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aleksandras_Stulginskis)

1941        Jul 7, Nazis executed 5,000 Jews in Kovno, Lithuania.
    (MC, 7/7/02)

1941        Jul 8, All Jews living in Baltic States were obligated to wear Star of David.
    (MC, 7/8/02)

1941        Jul 14, 6,000 Lithuanian Jews were exterminated at Viszalsyan Camp.
    (MC, 7/14/02)

1941        Jul 24, Nazis massacred the entire Jewish population of Grodz, Lithuania.
    (MC, 7/24/02)   

1941        Jul 29, All the Jews at Linkuva were killed.
    http://www.btinternet.com/~ablumsohn/lurie.htm

1941        Jul, In northwestern Lithuania some 9,000 Jews were killed by Lithuanian police.
    (WSJ, 1/19/08, p.W8)

1941        Aug 15, Lithuanian Jews in Kaunas were herded into the Slobodka ghetto.
    (MC, 8/15/02)

1941        Sep 6, Jews of Vilna, Poland (Lithuania), were confined to their ghetto.
    (MC, 9/6/01)

1941        Sep 8, The entire Jewish community of Meretsch, Lithuania was exterminated.
    (MC, 9/8/01)

1941        Sep 15, Nazis killed 800 Jewish women at Shkudvil, Lithuania.
    (http://www.shtetlinks.jewishgen.org/shkudvil/shkudvil.html)

1941        Oct 7-1941 Oct 8, There was a massacre of over 3,700 Jews over a 2-day period near Svencionys, Lithuania. Vincas Valkavickas, a prison guard during the massacre, emigrated to the US in 1950 and was forced to leave in 1999 for concealing his wartime service.
    (SFC, 6/15/99, p.A3)(http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_pjus/is_199904/ai_1291869401)

1941        Oct 14, The 1st mass deportations took place at Kovno, Lodz, Minsk & Riga.
    (MC, 10/14/01)

1941        Oct 16, Antanas Gustaitis (b.1898), Lithuanian aviation engineer, was shot to death in Moscow. He had designed 9 ANBO airplanes.
    (LHC, 3/26/03)

1941        Oct 28, In Kaunas (Kovno), about 70 miles from Vilna, on a hill, just outside the city is the infamous Ninth Fort, an ancient fortress, later used by the Nazis and their local collaborators as a prison with cells and torture chambers. 9,000 Jews were murdered on 28 October 1941. 900 French Jews died there on 18 May 1944. The place is grim, cold, and forbidding. There were a handful of miraculous escapes, and there are names and photographs of some of these.
    http://www.btinternet.com/~ablumsohn/story.htm#story

1941        Nov 24, "Life Certificates" were issued to some Jews of Vilna. The rest were exterminated.
    (MC, 11/24/01)

1941        Dec 25, In northwestern Lithuania some 400 young Jewish women were killed by Lithuanian police.
    (WSJ, 1/19/08, p.W8)

1941        In Lithuania arrests and deportations totaled some 34,260 people.
    (Dr, 7/96, V1#1, p.3)
1941        In Lithuania Alexandras Lileikis (d.2000 at 93) was chief of the Saugumas secret police force of Vilnius. He ordered the arrests of Jewish men, women, and children, who were turned over to the occupying Germans and subsequently executed. Lileikis was indicted in 1998, but maintained his innocence until he died.
    (SFC, 5/25/96, p.A2)(SFC, 9/29/00, p.D6)
1941        The German minority in Lithuania was repatriated in accord with German and Russian negotiations.
    (DrEE, 9/28/96, p.3)
1941        At the Rainis Forest in the Telsiai region 74 Lithuanians were killed by Soviet NKVD and KGB troops.
    (Voruta #27-28, 7/1996, p.2)
1941        In Lithuania German forces slaughtered some 12,000 Jews in Stoklishki (Alytus).
    (WSJ, 1/19/08, p.W8)

1941-1942    At the beginning of the war there were about 60,000 Jews in Vilnius. A year later, only 18,000 remained. In 1998 Schoschana Rabinovici published her non-fiction account: "Thanks To My Mother" a description of the murder of Polish Jews in Vilnius through the eyes of a child.
    (SFEC, 4/26/98, BR p.8)

1941-1944    Some 40,000 Jews are believed to have been slaughtered in Vilnius, Lithuania. An estimated 60,000 Jews lived there when the Nazis moved in and fewer than 5,000 remained when the Soviets recaptured the country. The Nazis killed some 240,000 Jews in Lithuania. Almost 55,000 Jews were executed at Paneriai, outside of Vilnius.
    (SFC, 5/25/96, p.A2)(SFEC, 11/24/96, p.A15)(SFC, 5/31/99, p.A4)
1941-1944    The Lithuanian Security Police, also referred to as Saugumas, was a Lithuanian  Nazi collaborationist police force that operated during this period. It had a staff of approximately 400 people, 250 of them in Kaunas  and around another 130 in Vilnius. Kazys Gimžauskas, a deputy in the Vilnius branch under Aleksandras Lileikis, returned to Lithuania after US authorities began to investigate him in 1996. Gimžauskas was convicted in 2001 of participation in genocide.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithuanian_Security_Police)(SSFC, 4/4/10, Par. p.5)
1941-1944    Anton Gecas (d.2001 at 85) allegedly served as a lieutenant in the 12th police battalion and took part in the execution of Jews in Lithuania and Belarus. Extradition attempts in 2001 failed to get him out of Edinburgh, Scotland.
    (SFC, 9/5/01, p.A9)(SFC, 9/13/01, p.C7)
1941-1944    Jonas Stelmokas served as a unit commander in 2 voluntary Nazi-sponsored detachments that helped the Nazis kill thousands of Jews and partisans. In 1997 he was to be deported from Lansdowne, Pa., in the US after he was accused of being a former member of the Lithuanian police force that helped Nazis kill Jews. In 1998 Stelmokas (82)  was ordered to be deported but appealed.
    (SFEC,11/10/97, p.A4)(SFC, 4/24/98, p.A3)
1941-1944    Avraham Tory (d.2002, a Jewish lawyer in Kovno (Kaunas), kept a diary on the horrors of Nazi rule during this period. They were published in Hebrew in 1988 and in English in 1990 as: "Surviving the Holocaust: The Kovno Ghetto Diary."
    (SFC, 3/19/02, p.A20)

1942        Feb, The Soviet government established the Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee (JAC) to drum up int’l. support as the Red Army struggled against the German onslaught. As the war progressed the group collected evidence of atrocities and genocide and planned to publish its “Black Book." Incomplete versions appeared in the 1980s and the first complete version was published in Lithuania in 1993. In Russia it was published as “The Unknown Black Book." In 2008 an English translation was edited by Joshua Rubenstein and Ilya Altman.
    (WSJ, 1/19/08, p.W8)

1942        May 7, A Nazi decree ordered all Jewish pregnant women of Kovno Ghetto executed.
    (MC, 5/7/02)

1943      Mar 17, The German occupation authority closed Lithuanian schools of higher education and the Academy of Education.
    (LHC, 3/17/03)

1943        May 15, The German Gestapo liquidated the local electorates.
    (LC, 1998, p.16)

1943-1945    Balys Sruoga (b.1896), writer, was imprisoned in the Stutthof concentration camp in Germany. He described his time there in his novel "Dievu Miskas" (The Forest of Gods). It was translated by his granddaughter and made ready for publication in English in 1996.
    (DrEE, 9/14/96, p.4)

1944        Jan 3, Jurgis Baltrusaitis (b.1873), poet and ambassador, died.
    (LC, 1998, p.14)

1944        Jan 9, Antanas Smetona (b.1874), former 1st and 6th Lithuanian president, died in Cleveland, Ohio.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antanas_Smetona)

1944        Feb 13, A Lithuanian Home Army was formed under P. Plechavicius. It was disbanded May 15-21.
    (LHC, 2/13/03)

1944        Mar 27, Some 2,000 Jews were murdered in Kaunas, Lithuania.
    (HN, 3/27/98)(MC, 3/27/02)

1944        Jul 16, Soviet troops occupy Vilna, Lithuania, in their drive towards Germany.
    (HN, 7/16/98)

1944        Jul 31, The Soviet army took Kovno [Kaunas], the capital of Lithuania.
    (HN, 7/31/98)

1944        Aug 2, Jewish survivors of Kovno Ghetto, Lithuania, emerged from their bunker.
    (MC, 8/2/02)

1944        Oct 5, The Russian army entered southern Lithuania (Zemaitija).
    (LC, 1998, p.26)

1945        Jan 28, The Red Army captured Klaipeda, the last German-held Lithuanian city.
    (LHC, 1/28/03)

1945        Jan 30, Nazi SS guards shot down an estimated 4,000 Jewish prisoners on the Baltic coast at Palmnicken, Kaliningrad. The town was later renamed by the Russians to Yantarny. Some 7,000 prisoners had been marched 25 miles from Koenigsberg to a vacant lock factory at Palmnicken where they were mowed down with machine guns. The prisoners had been vacated from a network of 30 camps that made up Poland's Stutthoff concentration camp. 90% of the Jews were women from Lithuania and Hungary.
    (SFC, 1/31/00, p.C1)

1945        Feb 18, Soviet Gen. Ivan Chernyakhovsky (b.1906) died from wounds received outside Konigsberg. Chernyakhovsky was buried in Vilnius, Lithuania, near a square named in his honor. After Lithuania declared its independence from the Soviet Union in 1990 and following the dissolution of the Soviet Union itself in 1991, Chernyaknovsky's remains were reburied at the Novodevichy Cemetery in Moscow in 1992.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ivan_Chernyakhovsky)

1945      Mar 14, A supreme Lithuanian independence committee was re-formed in Germany. The committee was 1st formed Nov 25, 1943, in Lithuania.
    (LHC, 3/14/03)

1945        Mar-Nov, Julius Slavinas, aka "Kharis," was an investigator in the Kaunas dept. of the Soviet NKVD.
    (DrEE, 11/23/96, p.6)

1945        May 17, Soviet activists participated in the Leopoldas Gaidzys and 3 family members in the village of Saliniai.
    (DrEE, 11/9/96, p.1)

1945        Dec 5, Petras Kalpokas (b.1880), Lithuanian painter, died in Kaunas.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Petras_Kalpokas)

1945        The 2nd Communist invasion occurred.
    (DrEE, 11/23/96, p.3)

1945-1952    Lithuanian Freedom Fighters (partizanai) continued resistance against Soviet occupation.
    (DrEE, 11/23/96, p.6)

1946        Jan 8-9, The Baltic Camp University was founded in Germany by 40 Estonian, Latvian and Lithuanian scientists in Hamburg and Pinneberg.
    (DrEE, 9/21/96, p.1)

1946        Jun 25, Fr. Pranciskus Sulskis, a young Marion priest in Marijampole, was transporting religion textbooks from Kaunas when Soviet soldiers tried to seize his truck for transportation. The driver of the truck tried to evade seizure and the soldiers opened fire. Fr. Sulskis was wounded in the upper back and paralyzed from his mid-point down.
    (DrEE, 10/12/96, p.5)

1946        A second faculty, Zootechnology (currently animal husbandry technology), was added to the Veterinary Academy.
    (DrEE, 12/14/96, p.5)

1946        The Lithuanian Philatelic Society was founded in the US.
    (DrEE, 11/23/96, p.6)

1946-1956    Lithuania lost more than 1,600,600 of its people (primarily to emigration and secondarily to deportations).
    (Dr, 7/96, V1#1, p.3)

1947        Oct 16, Balys Sruoga, Lithuanian writer, died. He wrote many dramatic works and poetry during his life, but his best known work is the novel "The Forest of Gods" (Dievų miškas), based on his own life experiences as a prisoner in Nazi German concentration camps, where he was sent in March 1943 together with other forty-seven Lithuanian intellectuals.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Balys_Sruoga)

1948        Feb 14, Winthrop Rockefeller (1912-1973), later governor of Arkansas (1967-1971), married Barbara Sears (1916-2008), the Pennsylvania-born daughter of Lithuanian immigrants. They had one child, Winthrop Paul Rockefeller, but the marriage dissolved in a high-profile divorce in 1954. Barbara Bobo Rockefeller, born as Jievute Paulekiute in Noblestown, Pa., was featured as Miss Lithuania at the 1933 Chicago World's Fair. She later was known as Eva Paul.
    (www.thetimes.co.za/PrintEdition/Insight/Article.aspx?id=772208)

1948        Mar 20, The Communist administration of Lithuania decided on a plan for the organization of collective farms.
    (LHC, 3/20/03)

1948        Dec, The founding meeting of the Lithuanian-Canadian Writers’ Union was held at the home of Marija Aukstaite.
    (DrEE, 11/9/96, p.3)

1948        Constantine Jurgela (b.1904), Lithuania-born historian, authored “History of the Lithuanian Nation."
    (http://nla.gov.au/nla.cat-vn1635910)

1949        Feb 2-22, Lithuanian partisan leaders gathered and established Lithuanian Freedom Fighters' Union instead of General Democratic Resistance Movement.
    (LHC, 2/2/03)

1949        Mar 25, Soviet occupiers of Lithuania began Operation "Priboj," a 2nd major deportation program (Mar 25-28).
    (LHC, 3/25/03)

1949        Jun 14, Lithuanians in exile proclaimed the Lithuanian Charter, principles for the exiles to uphold pending Lithuania’s freedom.
    (XXIA, 7/21/99)

1951        Sep 4, Juozas Luksa (b.1921), aka “Skirmantas" or “Daumantas," Lithuanian partisan, was killed by Soviet counterintelligence. In 2003, director Jonas Vaitkus released a movie based on his life, “Utterly Alone."
    (VilNews, 5/10/10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juozas_Luk%C5%A1a)

1951        The idea for a Lithuanian Foundation was first proposed by Petras  Lickus and Pranas Puronas.
    (DrEE, 10/12/96, p.5)

1952        Jan 31, The town of Naujoji (New) Akmene was founded in the place of  Karpenai village.
    (LHC, 1/31/03)

1953        May 30, Jonas Zemaitis (b.1909), the last Lithuanian anti-Soviet partisan commander, was captured and transported to Moscow to be interviewed by intelligence chief Lavrenti Beria.  Beria was executed this year. Zemaitis was executed in 1954.
    (www.lka.lt/index.php/en/194837/)

1954      Nov 26, Jonas Zemaitis (b.1909), a founder of the Lithuanian independence movement and presidium head, was shot to death in Moscow.
    (LHC, 3/15/03)

1955        Dr. Adolfas Damusis (1908-2003), head of the American Lithuanian Roman Catholic Federation, founded Dainava, a Lithuanian youth camp in Manchester, Mich.
    (www.bernardinai.lt/index.php?url=articles/80541)

1957        Jun 30, The first Lith. Folk Dance Festival in the US was held in Chicago.
    (Dr, 7/96, V1#1, p.5)(TLFDF, 7/6/96)

1957      Nov 29, Adolfas Ramanauskas-Vanagas, born in the US in 1918, was shot to death in Vilnius for partisan activities in southern Lithuania.
    (LHC, 3/6/03)

1957-1976    Juozas Kajeckas replaced Povilas Zadeikis as Lithuanian Legate in Washington.
    (Dr, 7/96, V1#1, p.4)

1960        The Lithuanian embassy in Washington published "Lithuania’s Occupation by the Soviet Union."
    (Dr, 7/96, V1#1, p.4)

1960        Dr. Antanas Razma published an article in Draugas titled: "A Million Dollar Fund for Lithuanian Needs."
    (DrEE, 10/12/96, p.5)

1961        Sep 2-3, The Lith.-Amer. Community Board of Directors met in New York and accepted By-laws for the Lithuanian Foundation as proposed by Dr. A. Razma.
    (DrEE, 10/12/96, p.5)

1962        The executive committee of the Lith. Folk Dance Institute in Chicago published "Musu Sokiai" (Our Dances).
    (Dr, 7/96, V1#1, p.5)

1963        May 15, The first general meeting of the Lithuanian Foundation took place. There were 230 members and a capital base of $71,670.
    (DrEE, 10/12/96, p.5)

1963        Jul 7, The 2nd Lith. Folk Dance Festival in the US was held in Chicago.
    (TLFDF, 7/6/96)

1963        Jul 17, The first fund raising committee of the Lithuanian Foundation was organized.
    (DrEE, 10/12/96, p.5)

1964        Sep 23, The fund raising committee of the Lithuanian Foundation was dissolved by the Board of Directors. It was recommended that every Foundation member become active in raising funds.
    (DrEE, 10/12/96, p.5)

1964        Joseph B. Koncius published "Vytautas The Grand Duke of Lithuania" at Franklin Press, Miami, Fl.
    (DrEE, 11/9/96, p.6)

1964        The Lithuanian embassy in Washington published "The Story of Captive Lithuania." It was published again in 1969.
    (Dr, 7/96, V1#1, p.4)

1965        The Vilnius String Quartet made its debut.
    (PG, 11/7/04)

1966        The M.K. Ciurlionis Museum opened in Kaunas and featured a folk devil collection put together by Antanas Zmuidzinavicius (1876-1966).
    (DrEE, 11/9/96, p.5)

1966        The Lith. Folk Dance Inst. issued a long-playing record for Lithuanian ethnic dances.  Descriptions of the dances followed in 1967 booklets.
    (Dr, 7/96, V1#1, p.5)

1966        The Balzekas Museum of Lithuanian Culture was founded on the south-west side of Chicago. The museum publishes 2 periodicals: The Lithuanian Museum Review (bimonthly) and Geneologija (semi-annual). 6500 S. Pulaski, Chicago, IL. 60629.
    (DrEE, 9/21/96, p.6)

1967        The first US Lithuanian dancing camp workshop was held at the Jonynas summer place near Chicago. Since then summer camps have been held every 2 years at Camp Dainava, near Manchester, Mich.
    (Dr, 7/96, V1#1, p.5)

1968        Jul 7, The 3rd Lith. Folk Dance Festival in the US was held in Chicago.
    (TLFDF, 7/6/96)

1968        Stasy Saparnis won a bronze medal in the pentathlon at the Olympic Games in Mexico City.
    (Dr, 7/96, V1#1, p.2)

1969      Sep 22, Aleksandras Stulginskis (b.1885), the 2nd president of Lithuania, died in Kaunas.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aleksandras_Stulginskis)

1969        The book Devils was published in Vilnius. It featured most of the folk devil collection of Zmuidzinavicius.
    (DrEE, 11/9/96, p.5)

1972      Mar 19, The illegal Soviet-era journal "Chronicle of the Lithuanian Catholic Church" was 1st published. 5 issues were published up to 1987.
    (LHC, 3/19/03)

1972        Jul 2, The 4th Lith. Folk Dance Festival in the US was held in Chicago.
    (TLFDF, 7/6/96)

1973        May 26, Jacques Lipchitz (b.1891), Lithuanian-born, French-US cubist sculptor, died on Capri and was buried in Jerusalem.
    (www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1B1-370321.html)

1973        Jun 13, Jonas Aistis (b.1904), Lithuanian born poet, died in Washington, DC.
    (www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/11135/Jonas-Aistis)

1974        Jan 27, Pavel Rafalovich Bermon(d)t-Avalov, (b.1877 in Tbilisi), died in New York. He was an Ussuri Cossack and warlord. He adopted his second surname Avalov after his adoptive father, Georgian prince Mikhail Avalishvili. At the end of WWI he was appointed to lead the German-established Russian army (subsequently frequently known after his name as "the Bermontians") which was meant to go to fight the Bolsheviks in the Russian Civil War, but, believing that communists would be defeated without his help, he decided to strike against the newly independent nations of Lithuania and Latvia instead. The Bermontians managed to capture a large part of Samogitia and western Latvia and entered Riga, but later were defeated by the Lithuanian and Latvian armies, with the help of the Estonian forces.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pavel_Bermondt-Avalov)

1975        May 13, Jonas Rimsa (b.1903), Lithuania-born artist, died in Santa Monica.
    (www.anykstenai.lt/asmenys/asm.php?id=573)

1976        Aug 5, The 5th Lith. Folk Dance Festival in the US was held in Chicago.
    (TLFDF, 7/6/96)

1976-1987    Stasy Backis replaced Juozas Kajeckas as Lithuanian Legate in Washington.
    (Dr, 7/96, V1#1, p.4)

1980        Jul 6, The 6th Lith. Folk Dance Festival in the US was held in Chicago.
    (TLFDF, 7/6/96)

1980        The Book of Lithuanian Folklore Songs began to be published. By 1996 the 12th and 13 volumes were under development.
    (DrEE, 10/26/96, p.4)

1981        Hannibal Lecter first appeared in the book "Red Dragon" by Thomas Harris, and then in 1988 in "Silence of the Lambs," made into a 1991 Oscar-winning movie with Anthony Hopkins as Lecter. In 2007 a Lithuanian travel agency offered a tour of Vilnius as part of a theme package for the fictional character’s native country.
    (Reuters, 2/15/07)

1983        Stasys Lozoraitis Sr., chief of Lithuanian Diplomatic services in Washington, died. Stasys Backis took over his duties.
    (Dr, 7/96, V1#1, p.4)

1983        The first nuclear reactor at Ignalina was commissioned.
    (DrEE, 10/12/96, p.4)

1983        The Lithuanian Foundation published its first book on its organization, members and works.
    (DrEE, 10/12/96, p.5)

1984        Jul 1, The 7th Lith. Folk Dance Festival in the US was held at Richfield College near Cleveland, Ohio.
    (TLFDF, 7/6/96)

1985      Mar 11, Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev visited Lithuania.
    (LHC, 3/11/03)

1985        Jun 15, In St. Petersburg, Russia, a middle-aged Lithuanian man pulled out a knife and slashed the stomach and thigh of the nude woman, Danaë, depicted in the Rembrandt masterpiece. He then hurled a jar of acid at the picture and splashed a militiaman in the face. He was overpowered by guards who found explosives strapped to his legs and trousers. The painting was restored and put back on exhibit in 1997.
    (SFC, 10/14/97, p.B5)

1986        Algirdas Kauspedas and his Lithuanian band Antis, meaning duck or false political sensation, burst onto the scene. He later created a respected architecture company and had a brief stint in politics after the band broke up for the first time in 1990. In 2008 they got back together and had another tour.
    (www.baltictimes.com/news/articles/20605/)

1986        The film “Partisans of Vilna" was produced and co-written by Washington, DC, filmmaker Aviva Kempner. It featured a grammy-nominated soundtrack and rare archival film footage. Partisans tells the story of the men and women who formed the resistance movement in the Vilna, Lithuania, ghetto during World War II.
    (www.nga.gov/programs/filmart.shtm#film_list)

1986        Six hundred years of Christianity in Lithuania was celebrated.
    (Dr, 7/96, V1#1, p.5)

1986        The 2nd nuclear reactor at Ignalina was commissioned. It was an RBMK reactor, graphite moderated, and used a direct cycle boiling water process for generating electricity. Its planned life span was 25 years with a reactor channel replacement after 15 to 20 years. A 1996 estimate for replacement was US$100 million.
    (DrEE, 10/12/96, p.4)

1987        Feb 9, Antanas Sabaniauskas (b.1903), Lithuania's leading pop tenor, died.
    (http://lt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antanas_%C5%A0abaniauskas)

1987        Antanas Maceina (b.1908), philosopher and representative of modern Lithuanian Catholicism, died.
    (LHC, 1/27/03)

1987        Apr 26, Marija Aukstaite, writer, died in Port Hope, Ontario, Canada.
    (DrEE, 11/9/96, p.3)

1987        Jun 25-Jul 2, Lith. ethnic dancers performed in Rome, Italy.
    (Dr, 7/96, V1#1, p.5)

1987        Nov 15, Stasys Lozoraitis Jr. replaced Stasys Backis as chief of Lithuanian Diplomatic Services in Washington.
    (Dr, 7/96, V1#1, p.4)

1987        In Vilnius the 1st private restaurant since Soviet occupation opened.
    (USAT, 6/11/04, p.4D)

1988        Jul 3, The 8th Lith. Folk Dance Festival in the US was held at Copps Coliseum, Hamilton, Canada.
    (TLFDF, 7/6/96)

1988        Sarunas Marciulionis led the Soviet basketball team to a gold medal at the Seoul Olympics.
    (SSFC, 2/17/02, p.B2)

1989        Aug 23, Approximately two million people joined their hands to form an over 600 km (373 mi) long human chain across the three Baltic states: Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. This original demonstration was organized to draw the world's attention to the common historical fate which these three countries suffered. It marked the 50th anniversary of August 23, 1939, when the Soviet Union and Germany in the secret protocol of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact divided spheres of interest in Eastern Europe, which led to the occupation of these three states.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baltic_Way)

1989        Sarunas Marciulionis signed an NBA contract to play basketball with the SF Warriors.
    (SSFC, 2/17/02, p.B2)

1989        Dr. Saulius Caplinskas started an AIDS Center in Vilnius. In 1997 there were 60 reported cases of HIV, but the actual number was estimated to be between 200-300.
    (SFC, 4/16/97, p.A10)

1989        The National Geographical Institute of France calculated that Europe’s geographical center was in Lithuania, close to Vilnius.
    (WSJ, 7/14/04, p.A7)

1990        Jan 11, Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev visited Lithuania, where he sought to assure supporters of independence that they would have a say in their republic's future. Some 300,000 people gathered in Vilnius for a meeting on a "Free and Independent Lithuania."
    (AP, 1/11/00)(LHC, 1/11/03)

1990        Feb 7, The Supreme Soviet of the Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic annulled the acts of annexation.
    (LHC, 2/7/03)

1990        Feb 24, Free elections to the Supreme Council were held. Winners in the elections were backed by the Reform Movement Sajudis.
    (DrEE, 10/5/96, p.5)

1990        Mar 11, The Lithuanian parliament voted to break away from the Soviet Union and restore its independence. The Supreme Council promulgated the historic document: "On the Re-establishment of the Independent State of Lithuania." Validity of the 1938 Constitution was briefly reinstated and the provisional Fundamental Law was adopted. Vytautas Landsbergis was elected president of Lithuania under the party Sajudis. Landsbergis was elected Chairman of the Council with Bronislovas Juozas Kuzmickas, Kazimieras Motieka and Ceslovas Stankevicius as Vice Chairmen, with Liuvikas Sabutis as Secretary. Four governments were formed under tenure of the Council. They were led by Kazimiera Danute Prunskiene, Albertas Simenas, Gediminas Vagnorius and Aleksandras Algirdas Abisala. Moscow responded with an economic blockade that brought industry and transportation to a standstill. In June the Lithuanians agreed to suspend independence.
    (DrEE, 10/5/96, p.5)(CSOE)(HN, 3/11/98)(AP, 3/11/00)

1990        Mar 17, The president of Lithuania, Vytautas Landsbergis, rejected a deadline set by Moscow for renouncing the republic's independence.
    (AP, 3/17/00)

1990        Mar 19, Kremlin warned Lithuania against taking over factories, putting up border posts.
    (AP, 3/19/03)

1990        Mar 21, Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev increased pressure on the breakaway republic of Lithuania, ordering its citizens to turn in their guns.
    (AP, 3/21/00)

1990        Mar 24, Soviet military vehicles rumbled through the heart of the Lithuanian capital of Vilnius as lawmakers in the breakaway Baltic republic voted to transfer their power to foreign soil if they were attacked or arrested.
    (AP, 3/24/00)

1990        Mar 27, Soviet soldiers began rounding up Lithuanians who had fled the Red Army after the republic's declaration of independence.
    (AP, 3/27/00)

1990        Mar 31, Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev warned the defiant Baltic republic of Lithuania to annul its declaration of independence or face "grave consequences."
    (AP, 3/31/00)

1990        Apr 1, More Soviet military vehicles rolled through the Lithuanian capital of Vilnius, a day after Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev warned the Baltic republic to annul its declaration of independence.
    (AP, 4/1/00)

1990        Apr 2, In a conciliatory gesture, the president of Lithuania invited Kremlin officials to discuss the republic's secession drive.
    (AP, 4/2/00)

1990        Apr 3, A delegation from the rebellious republic of Lithuania met with an adviser to Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev.
    (AP, 4/3/00)

1990        Apr 4, Secretary of State James Baker met in Washington with his Soviet counterpart, Eduard Shevardnadze, for three days of talks on the Lithuanian crisis and arms control.
    (AP, 4/4/00)

1990        Apr 14, Lithuanian officials, facing a Kremlin deadline to back away from their declaration of independence, acknowledged that an economic blockade threatened by Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev could result in huge layoffs.
    (AP, 4/14/00)

1990        Apr 17, President Bush warned the Soviet Union against carrying out an economic blockade of Lithuania, hinting at "appropriate responses."
    (AP, 4/17/00)

1990        Apr 18, The Soviet Union shut off a pipeline that supplied the rebellious republic of Lithuania with crude oil; a day later, the Soviets severely reduced the flow of natural gas.
    (AP, 4/18/00)

1990        May 12, The presidents of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania forged a united front by reviving a 1934 political alliance in hopes of enhancing their drive for independence from the Soviet Union.
    (AP, 5/12/00)

1990        May 17, Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev met in Moscow with Lithuanian Prime Minister Kazimiera Prunskiene, Gorbachev's first face-to-face meeting with a senior official of the defiant Baltic republics.
    (AP, 5/17/00)

1990        Oct, The Open Society Fund-Lithuania (OSFL) was established in Vilnius as an independent, non-governmental, non-profit organization. It was one of 22 foundations financed by George Soros to help create open societies.
    (DrEE, 10/5/96, p.2)

1990        Oct 31, The Presidium of the Supreme Council of Lithuania adopted a decree that made June 14, 1941 a Day of Mourning and Hope.
    (Dr, 7/96, V1#1, p.4)

1990        R. L. Tarnstrom authored "Poland and the Baltic Republics."
    (XXIA, 7/21/99)

1990        The Iceland parliament sent its congratulations to the Lithuanian people.
    (DrEE, 1/4/97, p.4)

1990-1991    Kazimiera Prunskiene served as Lithuanian Prime Minister.
    (Econ, 6/26/04, p.55)

1991        Jan 8, Pro Soviet demonstrators protested price rises and surrounded the parliament in Vilnius. Fresh Soviet troops began rolling across Baltic borders from Pskov, Russia, allegedly to deal with Baltic youth who have been evading the Soviet draft.
    (www.balticsww.com/news/features/crackdown.htm)

1991        Jan 9, Lithuanians gathered to support the parliament in Vilnius.
    (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iT0lb9SWgCk)

1991        Jan 11-13, Soviet troops tried to occupy public buildings and 14 people were killed. In 1999 6 former Communist leaders were sentenced to prison for siding with the Soviets.
    (SFC, 8/27/99, p.D3)

1991        Jan 13, Soviet troops besieged the Vilnius TV tower and crushed a woman under a tank, but failed to quash the drive for independence. The assault claimed 14 lives. The Soviets occupied strong points in Vilnius, Lithuania, in an attempt to stop the independence movement.
    (Wired, Dec., '95, p.94)(DrEE, 9/28/96, p.1)(AP, 1/13/01)(LHC, 1/12/03)

1991        Jan 17, Lithuania established a volunteer national guard.
    (LHC, 1/17/03)   

1991        Jan 18-20, Iceland’s foreign minister, Jon Baldvin Hannibaldsson, visited the 3 Baltic states and affirmed that the journey constituted a de facto recognition of their independence.
    (DrEE, 1/4/97, p.4)

1991        Feb 9, In a national poll 3 quarters of Lithuanian citizens called for independence from the Soviet Union in a non-binding plebiscite.
    (AP, 2/9/01)(LHC, 2/9/03)

1991        Feb 11, The parliament of Iceland confirmed that the recognition of Lithuania from 1922 was fully valid and that diplomatic relations would be established as soon as possible. Lithuania received de jure recognition from Iceland.
    (DrEE, 1/4/97, p.4)(LHC, 2/11/03)

1991        Feb 15, The Law on Science and Studies came into force. There were 17 universities and academies in Lithuania.
    (WWW)

1991        Jun, The first US-Baltic Foundation municipal management seminar was held in Vilnius.
    (USBF, V.7, #2, p.1)

1991        Jul 31, In Lithuania 7 border guards were shot to death and one was wounded as OMON commandos from the Soviet Interior Ministry raided the Medininkai checkpoint on the border of Lithuania and Belarus.
    (AP, 5/11/11)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Medininkai)

1991        Sep 6, In the Soviet Union, the State Council, a new executive body composed of President Mikhail S. Gorbachev and republic leaders, recognized the independence of the Baltic states of Estonia Latvia, and Lithuania. All three were admitted into the UN later this month.
    (AP, 9/6/01)(http://countrystudies.us/lithuania/25.htm)

1991        Sep 14, US Secretary of State James A. Baker III met with leaders of the Baltic nations, which had declared independence from the Soviet Union.
    (AP, 9/14/01)

1991        Sep 17, The U.N. General Assembly opened its 46th session, welcoming new members Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, North and South Korea, the Marshall Islands and Micronesia.
    (AP, 9/17/01)

1991        The Soviets occupied strong points in Vilnius, Lithuania in an attempt to stop the independence movement. A number of civilians are killed in confrontations with the military. In Sept. Yeltsin’s reformers gained power in Moscow and the USSR recognized the Independence of Lithuania.
    (Compuserve, Online Encyclopedia)

1991        Stasys Lozoraitis Jr. was accredited as the Lithuanian ambassador in Washington.
    (Dr, 7/96, V1#1, p.4)

1991        Lithuanian Children’s Hope was founded by the Lith. Human Services Council of the Lith.-American Community, Inc. Its mission was to provide medical assistance to children in Lithuania crippled by orthopedic diseases or suffering from burns.
    (Dr, 7/96, V1#1, p.6)

1991        Madison, Wi., and Vilnius signed a charter to become Sister Cities.
    (DrEE, 9/21/96, p.6)

1991        A Citizenship Law was passed.
    (DrEE, 10/5/96, p.4)

1992        Mar 5, In Copenhagen the Ministers for Foreign Affairs of Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Poland, Russia and Sweden, in the presence of the representative from the European Commission, opened a 2-day meeting and decided to establish a Council of the Baltic Sea States to serve as a forum for guidance and overall coordination among the participating states. Iceland joined the CBSS in 1995
    (Econ, 6/7/08, p.63)(www.bmwi.de/English/Navigation/European-policy/baltic-market.html)

1992        Jul 5, The 9th Lith. Folk Dance Festival in the US was held in Chicago, Ill.
    (TLFDF, 7/6/96)

1992        Jul 25, Greg Spiers created the Lithuanian Basketball Team’s tie-died shirt featuring the Grateful Dead’s skeleton slam-dunking. He later sued for a share of the profits on the shirts.
    (SFEC, 8/18/96, DB p.44)

1992        The American Professional Partnership for Lithuanian Education (APPLE) was organized.
    (BN, 10/97, p.6)

1992        The Lith. basketball team won a bronze medal at the Olympics in Barcelona, Spain. Sarunas Marciulionis led an effort to raise team funds with help from the Grateful Dead in the form of tie-dyed T-shirts.
    (Dr, 7/96, V1#1, p.2)(SSFC, 2/17/02, p.B2)

1992        A Constitution was adopted by referendum. It established a 141-member unicameral legislature for a 4-year term, the Seimas; a directly elected President; and a government formed by a prime Minister and other ministers, appointed by the President and approved by the Seimas. 71 of the parliamentary seats were to be elected directly and 70 through proportional representation.
    (DrEE, 10/5/96, p.4)

1992        The Democratic Labor Party (LDDP) led by Chairman Algirdas Brazauskas won a majority of parliamentary seats in Lithuania. Unemployment, high-prices, and fuel shortage caused the electorate to return to power many former communists.
    (Compuserve, Online Encyclopedia)(DrEE, 10/5/96, p.4)

1992        A land reform program was begun.
    (WSJ, 12/1/97, p.A18)

1993         Feb 25, Algirdas Mykolas Brazauskas took the oath as President.
    (DrEE, 10/5/96, p.4)(LC, 1998, p.3)

1993      May 1, Vytautas Landsbergis-Zemkalnis (b.1893), Lithuanian architect, died in Vilnius.
    (LHC,3/10/03)

1993        Jun 25, The litas became the only legal currency.
    (LC, 1998, p.4)

1993        Jul, The US Lithuanian Orphan Care Committee was organized under the umbrella of the Lith. Human Services Council of the USA Inc., Lithuanian-American Community.
    (Dr, 7/96, V1#1, p.6)

1993        Aug 31, Russia withdrew its last soldier from Lithuania, the first Baltic nation to eject all former Soviet troops.
    (AP, 8/31/98)

1993        Sep, The OSFL project Transformation of Education for Lithuania’s Future was consolidated with the resources of the Ministry of Education and Science.
    (DrEE, 10/5/96, p.2)

1993        Oct, Stasys Lozoraitis Jr. was appointed as Lithuanian ambassador to Italy.
    (Dr, 7/96, V1#1, p.4)

1993        Dec 9, Dr. Alfonsas Eidantas, historian and author of 7 books on 20th cent. Lith. history, presented his credentials as Lith. ambassador to Pres. Clinton.
    (Dr, 7/96, V1#1, p.4)

1993        Parliament passed the Preventive Detention Law. It was a temporary measure to detain suspected criminals up to 2 months to give prosecutors time to investigate and file charges.
    (DrEE, 10/5/96, p.4)

1993        A Labor Safety Law went into effect. The law established a State labor Inspection Service.
    (DrEE, 10/5/96, p.4)

1993        The Sunlight Committee to aid orphans In Lithuania was established under the auspices of the Lithuanian world Community. There were some 20,000 orphans in Lithuania housed in over 100 orphanages.
    (Dr, 7/96, V1#1, p.6)

1993        Vytautas Kavolis (d.1996), prof. and scholar of comparative civilizations, received the Lithuania’s National prize for Culture and Art. He published 16 books and more than 130 articles and book reviews and was one of the founders of Metmenys cultural and society magazine.
    (DrEE, 9/14/96, p.6)

1993        The non-profit Draugas Foundation was established in Chicago to raise revenue for the daily Draugas newspaper.
    (Dr, 7/96, V1#1, p.6)

1994        Feb 2, Marija Alseika-Gimbutas (b.1921), Lithuanian-born archeologist and pre-historian, died in LA, Ca.
    (LHC, 1/23/03)

1994      Mar 18, Lithuania and Poland signed an agreement in Warsaw on friendship and neighborly cooperation.
    (LHC, 3/18/03)

1994        Jun 13, The Lithuanian Ambassador to Italy, Stasys Lozoraitis Jr., died.
    (Dr, 7/96, V1#1, p.4)

1994        Jul 5-10, A world Lithuanian Song and Dance Festival was held in Vilnius.
    (Dr, 7/96, V1#1, p.5)(TLFDF, 7/6/96)

1994        Aug 31, Russia officially ended its military presence in the former East Germany and the Baltics after a half-century.
    (AP, 8/31/99)

1994        The Lithuanian Free Speech Center  (LFSC e-mail to: lzc@lzc.vno.osf.lt) was established with support from the National Endowment for Democracy and the Int’l. Media Fund.
    (USBF, V.7, #2, p.7)

1994        Estonia became the 1st European country to introduce a flat tax (26%) on personal and corporate income. Latvia and Lithuania soon followed suit.
    (Econ, 3/5/05, p.54)

1994        The infant death rate was 16.4 per 1000 births.
    (DrEE, 9/21/96, p.5)

1995        Jun 6, The law on libraries went into effect and the LNB (Central Library of Lithuania) became a legitimate coordination center for library activities.
    (WWW)

1995        Dec 20, A moratorium was announced to the activities of the oldest private bank, the Joint-Stock Innovation Bank (LAIB). Its assets comprised 13% of Lithuania’s total bank assets. Two days before it shutdown, Prime Minister Adolfas Slezevicius withdrew his personal assets.
    (DrEE, 9/28/96, p.5)

1995        Vilnius erected a statue of Frank Zappa on an empty plinth that had been used for Soviet era statues.
    (WSJ, 6/3/02, p.B1)

1995        A new important sculpture park, Europos Parkas, was visited by San Francisco artist Benbow Bullock.
    (SFC, 4/14/96, T-11)

1995        The Thomas Mann house at the Baltic beach village of Nida, Lithuania was declared a museum.
    (CNT, 3/04, p.152)

1995        The infant death rate dropped to 12.4 per 1000 births.
    (DrEE, 9/21/96, p.5)

1995        The Mercedes of the top police official in Vilnius was found to have been stolen from Germany and smuggled in through Poland.
    (SFC, 8/12/97, p.A9)

1996        Jan-Dec, Under Pres. Clinton’s Warsaw Initiative, each Baltic state received $1.75 million. An increase to 2.25 million was requested for FY97. The International Military Education and Training (IMET program) was about $410,000 per Baltic country.
    (Dr, 7/96, V1#1, p.1)

1996        Jan 23, Prime Minister Slezevicius was dismissed as was Ratkevicius, chairman of the LAIB Bank. Mindaugas Stankevicius was appointed Prime Minister and Reinoldijus Sarkinas was made chairman of the bank.
    (DrEE, 9/28/96, p.5)

1996        Feb. Police seized 220 pounds of a radioactive material that may be uranium and arrested 7 people.
    (WSJ, 2/13/96, p.A-1)

1996        Apr 17, Normundas Valteris, a member of the Lith. peacekeeping detachment in Bosnia, was killed when his patrol car drove over an antitank mine.
    (Dr, 7/96, V1#1, p.5)

1996        May, The population numbered 3,708,000.
    (Dr, 7/96, V1#1, p.4)

1996        Jun 25, Sweden donated the vessel "Lilian", the 5th coast guard cutter, to Lithuania.
    (Dr, 7/96, V1#1, p.3)

1996        Jun, A free trade agreement was signed with Poland. A agreement was already completed with Slovenia and talks were to begin soon with Hungary.
    (DrEE, 9/21/96, p.1)

1996        Jun, Unemployment for the 2nd quarter was 14.2%.
    (DrEE, 9/14/96, p.2)

1996        Jul 6, The 10th Lithuanian Song and Dance Festival in the US was held in Rosemont, Ill., at the Rosemount Horizon and featured 2,000 dancers before an audience of 7,000.
    (Dr, 7/96, V1#1, p.5)(DrEE, 11/9/96, p.4)

1996        Jul 1, Draugas, the Lithuanian daily newspaper published in Chicago, issued its first English version edition and planned a weekly English edition. The first subscribed edition was planned for Aug 31.
    (Dr, 7/96, V1#1, p.3)

1996        Jul, Some 65 athletes representing Lith. will participate in the Olympics at Atlanta.
    (Dr, 7/96, V1#1, p.2)

1996        Sep 11, It was expected that Latvia would recognize the Curonian Spit (Kursiu Nerija) to be a part of the Lithuanian Baltic coast.
    (DrEE, 9/21/96, p.1)

1996        Sep 27, US Defense Sec. William Perry said the 3 Baltic nations would not be among the first new NATO members drawn from Eastern Europe.
    (SFC, 9/28/96, p.A8)

1996        Oct 1, McChicken was introduced at the Vilnius McDonald’s restaurant, one of three in Lithuania.
    (DrEE, 10/26/96, p.4)

1996        Oct 5, Ingrid G. Bublys was named honorary consul general of Lithuania for Greater Cleveland and Ohio.
    (DrEE, 11/23/96, p.5)

1996        Oct 13, Charges were filed against former Prime Minister Adolfas Slezevicius in a banking scandal. he withdrew funds from Innovation Bank 2 days before it shut down last Dec. If convicted he could be imprisoned for 4 years or fined.
    (WSJ, 10/14/96, p.A13)

1996        Oct 16, The IMF approved an $80 million loan contingent on continuing reforms.
    (WSJ, 10/18/96, p.A11)

1996        Oct 20, In the first round of parliamentary elections the Conservative Party led by Vytautas Landsbergis and Gediminas Vagnorius won.
    (SFC, 10/22/96, p.B1)(DrEE, 10/26/96, p.1)

1996        Oct 26, The "Lithuanian Literature History" in English was compiled by the Lithuanian Language Institute and due to be published by the Vaga publishing house within several months. The volume on 20th Century Literature was published in 1995 and two more volumes on ancient and 19th century literature were still being prepared.
    (DrEE, 10/26/96, p.4)

1996        Nov 10, In the final round of Parliamentary elections the ex-Communists were swept from power. The Conservative Party led by Vytautas Landsbergis will govern in an alliance with the Christian Democrats.
    (WSJ, 11/12/96, p.A1)

1996        Dec 12, Jonas Mekas, president of the Anthology Film Archives, received a special citation from the New York Film Critics’ Circle for his longtime contributions of independent film.
    (SFC, 12/13/96, p.C8)

1997        Jan-Dec, The Parliament declared this year to be the year of the First Lithuanian Book in commemoration of the 500-year anniversary of the Mosvidius catechism.
    (DrEE, 9/14/96, p.4)

1997        Jan 1, A free trade agreement with Poland and another with Estonia and Latvia went into effect.
    (DrEE, 1/4/97, p.1)

1997        Jan, A Lithuanian brewery will sign a contract with Pepsi Cola General Bottlers to produce 5 sorts of drinks.
    (DrEE, 1/4/97, p.1)

1997        Jun, Terms of the Baltnet Group, an Air Surveillance System for Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia, were established in Oslo, Norway.
    (http://tinyurl.com/a6o2n)

1997        Aug 12, It was reported that the country has become a favorite transit point for smugglers. Cigarettes, alcohol, home appliances, oil, amber, gas, cars and illegal narcotics were crossing the borders.
    (SFC, 8/12/97, p.A10)

1997        Oct, A border treaty was signed with Russia.
    (WSJ, 12/1/97, p.A18)

1997        Oct, William Yusavage (Jusevicius), a veteran cost estimator for the California Dept. of Transportation, died at age 79. He was born in Forest City, Pa., the son of Lithuanian immigrants. His projects included the Antioch and Dunbarton bridges and the resurfacing of the Golden Gate Bridge.
    (SFC,10/24/97, p.A22)

1997        Dec 22, In Lithuanian a vote count showed Arturas Paulauskas leading the country’s 2nd presidential vote since breaking with the Soviet Union. A runoff with Vladas Adamkus was set for Jan 4. Vytautas Landsbergis, who ran third, threw his support behind Adamkus.
    (SFC,12/22/97, p.A11)(WSJ, 12/23/97, p.A1)

1998        Jan 5, Vladas Adamkus (71), former administrator of the US Environmental Protection Agency, won the presidency in a runoff election with 49.9% vs. 49.3% for Arturas Paulauskas.
    (SFC, 1/6/98, p.A8)

1998        Jan 16, Baltic leaders signed an agreement, the US-Baltics Charter of Partnership, at the White House strengthening US and NATO ties with Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia. The leaders also established a $15 million fund with equal contributions from the Agency for Int’l. Development and George Soros to promote nongovernmental organizations (NGOs).
    (WSJ, 1/16/98, p.A1)(SFC, 1/17/98, p.A8)

1998        Feb 1, Lithuania became an official associate in the European Union.
    (LHC, 2/1/03)

1998        Sep 14, In Chicago Vincas Valkavickas (78), a retired factory worker, was put under deportation proceedings. A complaint alleged that he assisted Nazi forces as a Lithuanian police officer and guarded Jewish men, women and children between 1941-1944 at Sviencionys, Lithuania.
    (SFC, 9/16/98, p.A3)

1998        Oct 10, Violeta Urmana, mexxo-soprano, made her US opera debut in SF as Brangane, Isolde’s nurse in "Tristan und Isolde."
    (SFC, 10/12/98, p.)

1998        Oct 25, Algis Zhuraitis, music conductor of the Bolshoi Theater, died at age 70.
    (SFC, 10/27/98, p.B6)

1998        Nov 19, It was reported that Skandinavska Enskilda, controlled by the Wallenberg family, was negotiating a deal to acquire interest in Vilniaus Bank.
    (WSJ, 11/19/98, p.A16)

1998        A documentary video on the Baltic States: "Seven years of Success and Still Growing" was produced.
    (BN, 10/98, p.6)

1998        Mushroom magnate Viliumas Malinauskas (57) won the right to display 50 Soviet-era statues at his estate near Grutas. He planned to feature a theme park for the old Soviet sculptures.
    (WSJ, 7/24/00, p.A1)
1998        Sue's Indian Raja restaurant started in Vilnius, Lithuania. Despite many challenges by 2008 it was a roaring success.
    (www.newkerala.com/one.php?action=fullnews&id=78691)

1999        May 28, Aloyzas Balsys (86), left the US for Lithuania after refusing to testify on wartime activities. Balsys had claimed the 5th amendment to avoid prosecution outside the US, but the Supreme Court refused his argument.
    (SFC, 5/31/99, p.A4)

1999        May, Rolandas Paksas, former mayor of Vilnius, replaced Gediminas Vagnorius as premier. Vagnorius stepped down following a clash with Pres. Adamkus.
    (SFC, 10/28/99, p.D14)

1999        May, In Sunny Hills, Fla., Vytautas Gecas (77) was ordered to jail for refusing to testify about his wartime activities in Lithuania.
    (SFC, 5/31/99, p.A4)

1999        Oct 27, In Lithuania Prime Minister Rolandas Paksas resigned in protest over the Cabinet’s 11-3 vote in favor of the sale of Mazeikiai Oil to US based Williams Int'l. Williams spent $75 million for a 33% stake and operating control of the gas refinery at Mazeikiai. Williams transferred its interest to a Russian firm.
    (SFC, 10/28/99, p.D14)(WSJ, 8/2/01, p.A10)(Econ, 1/17/04, p.57)

1999        Dec 10, The EU granted preliminary consideration for membership to Bulgaria, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia, and Malta.
    (SFC, 12/11/99, p.A16)

2000        Oct 8, The Social Democrat coalition led by former CP boss, Algirdas Brazauskas, surpassed the ruling Conservatives.
    (SFC, 10/9/00, p.A11)

2000        Sep 22, "Parallel lines" was recorded live at the "Vilnius Jazz 2000" festival with Dainius Pulauskas on keyboards, synthesizers and Valerijus Ramoska on  trumpet, flugelhorn, percussion.
    (LG, 2/5/03)

2000        Lithuania enacted legislation that required ex-KGB agents and informers to file their past activities with a special commission in a confidential database.
    (SFC, 3/8/00, p.A26)

2000        Vygaudas and Loreta Usackas inherited that Bajoriskiai farm in Utena. They decided to create a program of educational opportunities for rural children and in 2002 created Lithuanian Kaimas Fund for computer training and athletics for youth in rural villages.
    (www.ltembassyus.org/personell/BiographyAmbassador.html)

2001        Mar 13, Vygaudas Usackas was named Ambassador of Lithuania to the US and Mexico.
    (www.ltembassyus.org/personell/BiographyAmbassador.html)

2001        Apr, Viliumas Malinauskas, a Lithuania millionaire, founded Grutas Park (aka Stalin’s World), a theme park near Vilnius dotted with relics of Lithuania's communist past.
    (www.dominicantoday.com/app/article.aspx?id=13008)(SSFC, 5/7/06, p.G6)

2002        Mar 18, The 2000-2001 UNESCO Cities for Peace Prize were presented to five cities: Africa, Lubumbashi (Democratic Republic of the Congo), for the Arab States, Sharm el-Sheikh (Egypt), for Asia and Pacific, Bukhara (Uzbekistan), for Latin America and the Caribbean, Cotacachi (Ecuador) and for Europe Vilnius, Lithuania, during an official ceremony to be held in  Marrakech, Morocco, on the occasion of the 107th Inter-Parliamentary Conference.
    (vilnius.lt, Labas NL)

2002        Mar 28, The International Intellectual Property Alliance (IIPA), stated in its annual report that Lithuania remains one of the largest transportation hubs for pirated goods and is the main re-exporter of pirated goods in the region. The report said: "Failures by the police, prosecutors, and especially by customs officials, to engage in effective domestic criminal enforcement are destroying the possibility of establishing legitimate markets for copyrighted materials in Lithuania." IIPA reported that 90 percent of video cassettes, 85 percent of sound recordings, and 75 percent of business software sold last year in Lithuania were pirated versions.
    (Labas NL)

2002        May 14, The Health Ministry scrapped a Soviet-era rule that required women to undergo gynecological examinations to qualify for a driver’s license.
    (SFC, 5/15/02, p.A2)

2002        Jul 11, Bernardas Brazdzionis (95), Lithuanian émigré poet, died in Los Angeles.
    (SFC, 7/19/02, p.A27)

2002        Oct 9, The European Union's executive Commission declared Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Cyprus, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, and Slovakia nearly ready for EU membership and recommended they be invited to join in 2004. Romania and Bulgaria likely will be delayed until 2007 because of weak economies, the Commission said, adding Turkey was the weakest link among candidates.
    (AP, 10/9/02)

2002        Nov 14, In Panevezys, Lithuania, LNK TV sponsored a Miss Captivity Pageant with 8 finalists from the local women’s prison. Kristina (21) won $1,150 in the contest that was broadcast nationally the next day.
    (SFC, 11/29/02, p.K10)

2002        Nov 21, The Baltic nations of Latvia, Estonia and Lithuania joined former communist states Bulgaria, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia as the next wave of NATO states.
    (AP, 11/21/02)

2002        Nov 22-23, President Bush stopped in Vilnius after a NATO summit at which Lithuania and six other former communist countries received invitations to join the alliance: "The long night of fear, uncertainty and loneliness is over."
    (AP, 11/23/02)

2002        Dec 13, The EU reached agreement to accept 10 new countries in 2004. These included Czech Republic, Cyprus, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia.
    (SFC, 12/14/02, p.A3)

2002        Dec 22, In Lithuania Valdas Adamkus failed to get an absolute majority (35.2%) in national elections, forcing him into a Jan. 5 runoff with former Prime Minister Rolandas Paksas (19.8%).
    (AP, 12/23/02)

2002        Lithuania had Europe's top performing economy with 6.7% real growth.
    (Econ, 7/19/03, p.41)

2002        In Massachusetts a US marshal knocked on the door of Lithuanian immigrant Vladas Zajanckauskas (b.1915) to serve him with papers alleging he was a high-ranking noncommissioned officer in a Nazi training camp who took part in one of the most heinous massacres of World War II, the 1943 liquidation of the Warsaw Ghetto. Zajanckauskas denied having been in Warsaw.
    (www.evri.com/person/vladas-zajanckauskas-0xad165)(SSFC, 4/4/10, Par. p.5)

2003        Jan 5, In Lithuania rightist Rolandas Paksas (46), a former stunt pilot and PM in 1999 and 2000, was elected president in a surprise victory over Pres. Adamkus, 54.9% vs. 45%. Paksas promised to keep Lithuania closely aligned with the West. The election of Paksas was bankrolled by Yuri Borisov, a Russian-born dealer in helicopter parts.
    (AP, 1/6/03)(Econ, 1/10/04, p.46)

2003        Jan 12, The Vilnius String Quartet performed a concert at the Kohl Mansion in Burlingame, Ca. The program included the music of MK Ciurlionis (1875-1911), D. Shostokovich (1906-1975), and R. Schumann (1810-1856).
    (KMB, 2003)

2003      Feb 27, In Lithuania Rolandas Paksas became the country’s 3rd president since it gained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.
    (AP, 2/27/03)

2003        May 10, Lithuanians began casting ballots in a two-day referendum that could allow this nation of 3.5 million people to become the first ex-Soviet republic to vote itself into the EU.
    (AP, 5/10/03)

2003        May 11, In Lithuania's 2-day referendum to join the European Union 91 percent voted in favor of joining, while 9 percent voted "no." Election officials said more 64 percent of the nation's 2.7 million registered voters cast ballots over two days of voting this weekend. The country will become the first former Soviet republic to vote itself into the EU bloc.
    (AP, 5/11/03)(AP, 5/12/03)

2003        Aug 1, Marie Trintignant (41) died after several days on a respirator in France. She was initially hospitalized in the Lithuanian capital, Vilnius, on July 27 after French rock star Bertrand Cantat (39) allegedly beat her at the hotel where they were staying with her mother and one of her sons. Trintignant, had been in Lithuania since June filming a joint French-Lithuanian television movie, "Colette," about the French female writer. Bertrand Cantat was later sentenced to 8 years in prison for manslaughter. He was released for good behavior in October 2007 after serving four years.
    (AP, 8/5/03)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marie_Trintignant)

2003        Nov 22, In Lithuania thousands of protesters rallied near President Rolandas Paksas' office in Vilnius, demanding his resignation amid allegations that he has ties with a businessman involved with organized crime.
    (AP, 11/22/03)

2003        Dec 1, A Lithuanian Parliament investigation concluded that the office of Pres. Rolandas Paksas has links to organized crime. This prompted calls for his resignation.
    (SFC, 12/2/03, p.A12)

2003        Dec 18, The Lithuanian Parliament launched impeachment proceedings against Pres. Rolandas Paksas over charges that his office had connections with organized crime.
    (SFC, 12/19/03, p.A3)

2004        Feb 20, Lithuania expelled three Russian diplomats for trying to gather information related to the impeachment of Lithuanian President Rolandas Paksas "in an improper and illegal way."
    (AP, 2/27/04)

2004        Mar 29, Pres. Bush hosted a White House ceremony to welcome Bulgaria, Estonia, Lithuania, Latvia, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia into the NATO alliance.
    (WSJ, 3/30/04, p.A1)
2004        Mar 29, A Lithuanian court found French rock star Bertrand Cantat (40) guilty of man-slaughter for the 2003 beating death of his movie-star girlfriend, Marie Trintignant (41), and sentenced him to 8 years in prison.
    (AP, 3/29/04)

2004        Mar 31, Lithuania's highest court ruled that President Rolandas Paksas violated the constitution by arranging citizenship for a businessman with alleged mob ties, a verdict that will likely set the stage for an impeachment vote.
    (AP, 3/31/04)

2004        Apr 2, In Brussel an official ceremony welcomed Bulgaria, Estonia, Lithuania, Latvia, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia into the NATO alliance.
    (SFC, 4/3/04, p.A11)

2004        Apr 6, In Lithuania lawmakers narrowly ousted Rolandas Paksas, the scandal-ridden president, for abuse of office, passing all three accusations against Paksas: that he illegally arranged citizenship for one of his chief financial backers, businessman Yuri Borisov; that he divulged state secrets; and that he used his office for financial gain.
    (AP, 4/6/04)

2004        Apr 27, Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov and EU officials signed an accord extending the EU-Russia partnership accord to Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, Cyprus and Malta, which join May 1.
    (AP, 4/27/04)

2004        May 1, Revelers across ex-communist eastern Europe celebrated their historic entry to the European Union. 10 new members (Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia) joined. Malta joined with 70 exemptions to EU rules. Poland had 43 exemptions. Latvia had 32. The Turkish occupied area of Cyprus was suspended from entry.
    (AP, 5/1/04)(Econ, 2/28/04, p.50)(Econ, 4/16/05, p.16)

2004        Jun 13, Valdas Adamkus won the 1st round to succeed Pres. Paksas as voters participated in EU balloting. On Jun 27 he faced center-left candidate Kazimira Prunskiene.
    (Econ, 6/19/04, p.51)

2004        Jun 27, In Lithuania Valdas Adamkus won the 2nd round of elections against center-left candidate Kazimira Prunskiene.
    (WSJ, 6/28/04, p.A1)

2004        Oct 10, Lithuanian voters chose the Labor Party under Viktor Uspaskich in the 1st round of parliamentary elections with 28.5% of the votes.
    (Econ, 10/16/04, p.46)

2004        Oct 24, Lithuania's traditional parties teamed up in a bid to prevent a Russian-born tycoon from winning more support in a second round of parliamentary elections. The pro-Moscow Labor Party, led by Russian-born businessman Viktor Uspaskich, won 23 seats, more than any other party, in the first round of voting on Oct. 10 after pledging lower taxes and higher pay.
    (AP, 10/24/04)

2004        Nov 7, The Vilnius String Quartet performed its 2nd concert at the Kohl Mansion in Burlingame, Ca. The program included the music of Beethoven, S. Prokofiev and Franz Schubert.
    (KMB, 2004)

2004        Nov 11, Lithuanian lawmakers ratified the newly signed EU constitution, making one of the bloc's newest members the first country to approve the historic document.
    (AP, 11/11/04)

2004        GetJar, an independent app sales portal, was founded in 2004 by Lithuanian-born serial entrepreneur Ilja Laurs. By 2010 with roughly 57,000 applications contributed by about 350,000 registered developers, the GetJar catalog yielded about 60 million downloads per month, up from 15 million monthly a year ago and second in volume only to the App Store.
    (www.entrepreneur.com/magazine/entrepreneur/2010/february/204586.html)

2005        Jan 1, Lithuania was forecast for 6.5% annual GDP growth with a population at 3.4 million and GDP per head at $7,110.
    (Econ, 1/8/05, p.88)

2005        Mar 31, Two Lithuanian illusionists have begun an attempt to break the record for staying inside a giant ice cube, set by US magician David Blaine in 2000 when he spent nearly 62 hours inside a block of ice.
    (AFP, 4/1/05)

2005        Sep 15, A Russian Su-27 fighter bomber crashed in Lithuania during a flight across the former Soviet republic to the Russian Baltic enclave of Kaliningrad.
    (AP, 9/15/05)

2005        Sep 16, The Lithuanian government denied Moscow's requests to hand over a Russian pilot whose fighter jet crashed in the NATO member's territory after violating its airspace, saying it must first complete an investigation.
    (AP, 9/16/05)

2005        Sep 23, The Lithuanian film “Dievu Miskas) Forest of the Gods, based on the 1957 memoir by Balys Sruoga (1896-1947), premiered in Lithuania. It was directed by Algimantas Puipa.
    (http://www.obuolys.lt/kinozona/filmas/1558/)
2005        Sep 23, Lithuania’s defense minister said the crash of a Russian military jet in Lithuania was almost certainly accidental and the pilot will be sent home when the investigation ends, but he criticized Moscow for sending a plane armed with missiles into the country's airspace.
    (AP, 9/23/05)

2005        Oct 6, In Lithuania authorities released the pilot of a Russian military plane that crashed in Lithuania, saying he was no longer suspected of violating the Baltic country's airspace.
    (AP, 10/6/05)

2005        Nov 14, EU Council decision Nr. 2005/815/EB officially gave Vilnius, Lithuania, and Linz, Austria, status as a European Capital of Culture for the year 2009.
    (www.culturelive.lt/en/european_capitals_of_culture)

2005        Nov 25, In Lithuania the prosecutor general's office said a Lithuanian man suspected of helping Nazis round up Jews during World War II will stand trial in a Vilnius court. Algimantas Dailide (84), who moved to the US in 1955 and lived there until he was deported in 2003 for lying about his wartime past, is accused of being a member of the Nazi-sponsored Lithuanian Security Police, known as the Saugumas, which took part in the arrests of Jews during the war.
    (AP, 11/25/05)

2005        Dec, Respublika, a leading Lithuanian tabloid, published attacks on George Soros and painted him as a malevolent outside meddler in Lithuania’s affairs. The local Soros foundation, run by locals, had already spent some $65 million on new school textbooks, translations and other projects that included work on drug addiction and AIDS.
    (Econ, 12/10/05, p.58)

2006        Jan 13, In Lithuania Mykolas Burokevicius (78), former Communist Party leader, was freed from Lukiskes Prison after serving 12 years for murder and other crimes.
    (AP, 1/13/06)

2006        Mar 21, Algimantas Dailide, an 85-year-old man deported from Florida, went on trial in his native Lithuania on charges of helping Nazis round up Jews during World War II. Dailide was convicted on March 27 of helping Nazis murder Jews during World War II, but the judge said the man was too frail to serve prison time.
    (AP, 3/21/06)(AP, 3/27/06)

2006        Apr 13, Chinese Vice-President Zeng Qinghong met with Lithuanian Foreign Minister Antanas Valionis in Beijing. Zeng said the relations between China and Lithuania are developing smoothly with frequent high-level contacts and fruitful cooperation in economic and cultural sectors.
    (http://news.xinhuanet.com)
    (AP, 5/3/06)

2006        May 4, Lithuania hosted leaders from the European Union, United States and the burgeoning democracies in the Black Sea region at a summit on the future of the EU and the NATO military alliance. Vice President Dick Cheney, in remarks that caused a stir in neighboring Russia, accused President Vladimir Putin of restricting the rights of citizens and said that "no legitimate interest is served" by turning energy resources into implements of blackmail.
    (www.defensenews.com/story.php?F=1746272&C=europe)(AP, 5/4/06)

2006        May 20,  Lithuanian police arrested Vidmantas Sungaila (41) for driving his truck down the center of a two-lane highway 60 miles from Vilnius. Sungaila (41) registered 7.27 grams per liter of alcohol in his blood repeatedly on different devices. Medical experts say anything above 3.5 grams per liter of alcohol in the blood is lethal for most people. Lithuania has one of the worst road safety records in the EU. Last year 760 people died in traffic accidents in this country of 3.5 million residents. Most were alcohol-related.
    (AP, 5/23/06)

2006        May 26, Yukos sold its 53.7% stake in Mazeikiai to the Polish PKN Orlen oil refining company for US$1.49 billion. Orlen signed the agreement in Amsterdam with the Yukos company’s Netherlands-registered subsidiary, Yukos International, which had all along held the legal title to that stake. The Lithuanian government had exercised its right to authorize this sale-and-purchase three days earlier.
    (http://cms2000.isn.ch/news/sw/details.cfm?ID=16079)

2006        May 31, Lithuania's three-party government collapsed with the withdrawal of the Labor Party, a key coalition partner being investigated on corruption allegations. PM Algirdas Brazauskas announced the Baltic country's government was resigning after an emergency meeting with his ministers.
    (AP, 5/31/06)(Econ, 6/10/06, p.50)

2006        Jun 6, EU finance ministers slammed the door on Lithuania's plea to adopt the euro next year, saying the Baltic country has failed to put a lasting lid on inflation. Lithuania planned to appeal to EU government heads at a summit next week in Brussels, before a final decision is made in July.
    (http://tinyurl.com/h9r36)

2006        Jun 8, In Azerbaijan the Presidents Ilham Aliyev of Azerbaijan and Valdas Adamkus of Lithuania met in the presence of the two countries’ delegations following a one-on-one meeting.
    (http://tinyurl.com/ffjol)

2006        Jun 16, EU leaders gave Slovenia a green light to join the eurozone next year, launching a new wave of expansion for the currently 12-nation single currency club. EU leaders also gave their backing to the assessment of the EU's executive arm that Lithuania would not be ready to join the eurozone next year because inflation had overshot the limit required to join.
    (AFP, 6/16/06)

2006        Jun 20, Lithuania plunged deeper into political crisis after lawmakers rejected their president's choice for prime minister, edging the Baltic country toward early elections and its 14th government in 15 years. 52 lawmakers voted in favor of and 48 against Social Democrat Zigmantas Balcytis, who was nominated last week to the premiership by President Valdas Adamkus. There were 32 abstentions.
    (AFP, 6/20/06)

2006        Jul 12, UNESCO, meeting in Vilnius, Lithuania, added 8 sites added to its World Heritage list including a panda refuge in China and an agave producing region in Mexico.
    (AP, 7/12/06)

2006        Aug 23, Vytautas Pociunas, a top Lithuanian spy posted to Belarus, was found dead in Brest. Some linked his death to feuds within the Lithuanian security service (VSD) over freight contracts. A parliamentary committee called for Arvydas Pocius, the VSD chief, to go.
    (Econ, 12/23/06, p.74)(www.data.minsk.by/belarusnews/092006/25.html)

2006        Oct 13, Fire broke out at Lithuania's only oil refinery, causing millions of dollars in damage and forcing the evacuation of all its workers. No injuries were reported.
    (AP, 10/13/06)

2006        Oct 16, Queen Elizabeth II kicked off her first-ever visit to the Baltic states as Lithuania’s PM Gediminas Kirkilas welcomed the British monarch to the northern European region.
    (AP, 10/16/06)

2006        Dec 4, The Estlink cable connected power grids of the Baltic States with Finland. The cost of Estlink, which measures 100 kilometers (60 miles), was around 110 million euros (132 million dollars). It was built by Swiss-Swedish group ABB.
    (AP, 12/4/06)

2006        Daniel Estulin, Lithuanian-born writer, authored "The Secrets of the Bilderberg Club," in which he argues that the international Bilderberg group largely runs the world. It has held a secretive annual forum of prominent politicians, thinkers and businessmen since it was founded in 1954 at the Bilderberg Hotel in Holland. Estulin published a second book, Los secretos del club Bilderberg, released in September 2006. The English version, The Secrets of the Bilderberg Club, was released in the US on September 22, 2007.
    (AP, 8/19/10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daniel_Estulin)

2007        Feb 7, In SF Mayor Gavin Newsom met with Lithuania’s Pres. Valdas Adamkus at the Fairmont Hotel following an address at the World Affairs Council. Pres. Adamkus, accompanied by a Lithuanian business delegation, was here for a one week visit seeking US trade opportunities and potential investors.
    (www.president.lt/en/news.full/7476)

2007        Feb 12, In Washington DC Lithuania’s Pres. Valdas Adamkus met with Pres. Bush ahead of an address at the National Press Club. He was accompanied by a Lithuanian business delegation seeking US trade opportunities and potential investors.
    (http://eupolitics.einnews.com/news/valdas-adamkus)

2007        Feb 26, Audrius Bruzga (b.1966) became ambassador of Lithuania to the United States.
    (www.washdiplomat.com/ambprof/Lithuania.html)

2007        Apr, Stanislovas Jucys, a Lithuanian businessman, disappeared. He was the CEO of a Kaliningrad-based construction company with a majority stake in Lithuanian hands. Jucys' replacement was killed a few months later, and the company was taken over by a Russian firm.
    (Reuters, 3/20/08)

2007        Jun 6, Housing prices in the major cities of Estonia, Latia and Lithuania were reported to average around $202,375.
    (WSJ, 6/6/07, p.B9)

2007        Aug 9, Lithuanian military leaders welcomed home its small contingent of combat troops from Iraq. The 50 troops were withdrawn last week from the southern Iraqi city of Basra, where they had been serving under Danish command. Lithuania also has 137 soldiers and officers deployed in Afghanistan. In June lawmakers approved plans to send 420 troops to the Middle East, the Balkans, the trans-Caucasus republics and other locations.
    (AP, 8/9/07)

2007        Aug 29, Lithuania's top politicians attended an official ceremony in Vilnius to unveil probably the first monument in the world honoring basketball, which is said to be the second religion of this Baltic country.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2omkbv)

2007        Sep 3, A Lithuanian research center launched a Web site that allows the public to access original KGB documents online. The site kgbdocuments.eu contains working documents from various KGB departments, as well as descriptive articles on the activities of Soviet state security agencies in Lithuania from 1940 to 1991.
    (www.baltictimes.com/news/articles/18701/)

2007        Oct 10, Ministers from Azerbaijan, Georgia, Lithuania, Poland and Ukraine signed a deal to build an oil pipeline linking the Black and Baltic seas.
    (WSJ, 10/11/07, p.A18)

2007        Nov 27, In Brussels Valdas Adamkus, President of Lithuania, was declared "European of the Year‘ at the annual EV50 gala awards ceremony hosted by European Voice. President Adamkus was nominated as one of 50 "Europeans of the Year‘. The 2007 winners of the EV50 awards were chosen by European Voice readers from among 50 nominees, selected by a distinguished panel of leading opinion-formers.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2phf99)

2007        Nov 30, Poland's new PM Donald Tusk paid a low-key visit to Lithuania on his first foreign trip. Lithuania and Poland were locked in a dispute about their relative share of the future output of a nuclear power plant that the two countries, plus Latvia and Estonia, planned to build in Lithuania by 2015.
    (www.eubusiness.com/news-eu/1196435824.82)

2007        Dec 17, In Lithuania following a 4,000-strong demonstration by the three largest trade unions in Vilnius several weeks earlier, the government approved an increase in minimum wages starting in 2008, raising minimum salary levels from 700 to 800 litas (231.70 euros).
    (www.baltictimes.com/news/articles/19547/)

2007        Dec 20, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania along with 6 other EU members halted land and sea border controls at midnight, becoming the first in a wave of new members of Europe's passport-free Schengen zone.
    (AFP, 12/20/07)(WSJ, 12/21/07, p.A1)

2008        Jan 1, Smokers took to lighting up on the sidewalks as a ban took effect across France , Germany and Lithuania, the latest European countries to say "no smoking." Across France smokers took advantage of a one-day grace period and savored their last cigarettes over morning coffee in cafes as a ban against lighting up in bars and restaurants took effect.
    (AP, 1/1/08)(AFP, 1/1/08)

2008        Jan 25, In Lithuania a specially established commission on image creation, chaired by PM Gediminas Kirkilas, approved a strategic marketing concept for the presentation of Lithuania around the world.
    (www.baltictimes.com/news/articles/19740/)

2008        Jan, In Lithuania Michael Campbell (35), a prominent IRA dissident, was arrested along with a female companion in a sting operation while allegedly trying to purchase weapons and explosives.
    (AP, 8/21/09)

2008        Feb 7, NATO defense ministers held talks on Afghanistan in Lithuania. France agreed to help Canada in fighting the Taliban in southern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 2/8/08)

2008        Feb 14, The European Commission gave the green light for a 170 million euro ($248 million) grant to build a gas-fired power plant in Lithuania by an agency run by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development.
    (Reuters, 2/14/08)

2008        Mar 15, Vytautas Kernagis (57), popular Lithuanian singer, died of cancer.
    (www.lzinios.lt/lt/2008-03-17.html)

2008        Mar 17, The US administration signed deals with Hungary, Lithuania and Slovakia paving the way for visa-free travel for their citizens despite concerns in Brussels over the bilateral agreements.
    (AFP, 3/17/08)

2008        Apr 1, A woman's severed head was found on a Scottish beach. She was later identified as Jolanta Bledaite (35) from Alytus, Lithuania. On April 4 police arrested two Lithuanian men in connection with the murder.
    (AP, 4/4/08)

2008        Apr 29, European nations failed to convince Lithuania to allow the EU to launch talks on a new partnership pact with Russia.
    (AFP, 4/29/08)

2008        May 22, In western Afghanistan gunfire broke out in Ghor province at a protest against a US sniper in Iraq who used a Quran for target practice. Two civilians were slain and seven others were wounded. A NATO soldier from Lithuania was killed, the first of the Baltic country's troops to die while serving there.
    (AP, 5/22/08)(AFP, 5/22/08)

2008        Jun 9, Bronislovas Lubys (b.1938), former prime minister of Lithuania (1992-1993) and president of Achemos Grupe, was named the richest man in Lithuania with a personal worth of three billion litas (870 million euros). He moved up to the top spot from last year according to the newest rankings by Veidas magazine. Last year’s number one, Nerijus Numavicius fell to second with a value of 2.8 billion litas (810 million euros). In third place was MG Baltic’s owner Darius Mockus with 2.3 billion litas (666 million euros).
    (http://www.alfa.lt/straipsnis/c75542)

2008        Jun 11, The government of Lithuania approved construction of a new museum in Vilnius. The joint project between Lithuania, the Guggenheim and the State Hermitage Museum in Russia, will be designed by Iraq-born Zaha Hadid (b.1950) and is to open in 2013.
    (www.ejpress.org/article/news/27790)

2008        Jun 17, Lawmakers in Lithuania, where many still feel bitter about nearly 50 years of Soviet occupation, approved legislation to ban the display of Nazi and Soviet symbols, such as the swastika and the hammer and sickle. President Valdas Adamus was expected to sign the bill into law later in the month.
    (AP, 6/18/08)

2008        Jun 18, The Lithuanian parliament approved a law prohibiting the public display of Nazi and Soviet symbols, including portraits of Nazi and Soviet leaders, flags, hammer and sickle, swastikas, military symbols, uniforms, and playing the Nazi or Soviet anthems.
    (www.tau.ac.il/Anti-Semitism/updates.htm#280)
2008        Jun 18, Witold Waszczykowski, the chief Polish negotiator on missile defense with the United States, said Washington has been talking with Lithuania about basing part of a missile defense system in that country in case negotiations with Poland break down.
    (AP, 6/18/08)

2008        Jun 30, Lithuania’s national communication regulator's office said that some 300 websites, including those of public institutions such as the national ethics body and the securities and exchange commission, as well as a string of companies, had found themselves under cyber attack.
    (AFP, 6/30/08)

2008        Jul 19, While visiting Buenos Aires Lithuanian President Valdas Adamkus said his country is ready to conduct talks with the US about hosting elements of a missile defense system.
    (UPI, 7/19/08)

2008        Jul 25, Energy companies in the three Baltic states and Poland agreed to set up a joint venture to develop a nuclear power plant in Lithuania.
    (Reuters 7/25/08)

2008        Sep 23, The international organization Transparency International reported that, among 30 member states of the European Union (EU) and other countries of Western Europe, only Romania and Bulgaria encounter worse situation than Lithuania according to the corruption perceptions index.
    (www.baltic-course.com/eng/analytics/?doc=5411)

2008        Oct 12, Lithuanians voted in a general election likely to mark comebacks for ex-president Rolandas Paksas or former political star Viktor Uspaskich. A non-binding referendum was also on the ballot as part of a battle to delay the closure of Ignalina, a Soviet-era nuclear power station which provides 70 percent of Lithuania's electricity. Voters dealt a major blow to Lithuania's leftist government by boosting the conservative opposition as well as some populist leaders, including an impeached ex-president, in weekend elections. Homeland Union leader Andrius Kubilius said he was ready to form a new Cabinet after his party won the most votes in the first round, receiving 19.2 percent. The governing Social Democratic Party, which has controlled the prime minister's office since 2001, finished fourth with 11.7 percent.
    (AFP, 10/12/08)(AP, 10/13/08)

2008        Oct 26, Lithuania's conservatives Homeland Union, led by former PM Andrius Kubilius, won the parliamentary ballot for the first time since 2000, in a run-off vote that cemented their first-round defeat of the ruling Social Democrats two weeks ago. Homeland Union won 44 seats in the 141-member Parliament.
    (AP, 10/26/08)(WSJ, 10/27/08, p.A14)

2008        Dec 9, Andrius Kubilius (b.1956) began serving as the Prime Minister of Lithuania. He already served as the PM 1999. He led the conservative political party Homeland Union – Lithuanian Christian Democrats.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andrius_Kubilius)

2009        Jan 1, Vilnius, Lithuania, a city of about 550,000 people, opened the year sharing the EU Capital of Culture title with Austria’s Linz.
    (SSFC, 7/22/07, p.G6)(www.culturelive.lt/en/european_capitals_of_culture)

2009        Jan 9, Lithuania’s FlyLAL airline, privatized in 2005, announced that SCH Swiss Capital Holdings, a Switzerland-based firm, has purchased it for $1 million and debt of about 1 million euros. On Jan 17 FlyLAL airline said it has suspended its operations after a buyout deal by Swiss investment firm SCH Swiss Capital Holdings failed.
    (AP, 1/9/09)(AP, 1/17/09)

2009        Jan 16, In Lithuania police used tear gas and rubber bullets to disperse some 7,000anti-government protesters throwing rocks and eggs at the Parliament building. They had gathered to demonstrate against unpopular reforms aimed at combating the Baltic state's deepening economic crisis. The Finance Ministry announced it intended to borrow 1 billion euros (US$1.3 billion) from the European Investment Bank to help plug a yawning budget gap.
    (AP, 1/16/09)

2009        Jan 22, Lithuania's Minister of Foreign Affairs Vygaudas Usackas presented discus thrower Virgilijus Alekna with the Star of Lithuania's Millennium for promoting Lithuania's name at the international arena. The Lithuanian Ministry of Foreign Ministry's award the Star of Lithuania's Millennium was established in 2007 and is awarded for merits to the Lithuanian state and its foreign policy.
    (www.baltic-course.com/eng/baltic_news/?doc=2441)

2009        Apr 28, Lithuania reported a 12.6% drop in GDP in the first quarter as compared to a year earlier.
    (WSJ, 4/28/09, p.A8)

2009        May 17, Lithuanians voted in a presidential election. Dalia Grybauskaite (53), EU budget chief and karate black belt, poised to return to politics in her recession-hit homeland as its first female head of state. Grybauskaite stood as an independent, but was nonetheless backed by the ruling Conservatives, although she warned their government is also under watch. Under Lithuanian law, the new president takes the reins in July. The government then has to step down, and the head of state names a premier. Grybauskaite won nearly 70 percent of the vote in a presidential election.
    (AFP, 5/17/09)(AP, 5/18/09)(SFC, 5/18/09, p.A2)

2009        May 18, In Lithuania Pres.-elect Dalia Grybauskaite said she would consider replacing up to five ministers in PM Andrius Kubilius' center-right Cabinet after she takes office on July 12. "They have underestimated the real scale of recession," she said. "The budget was way too optimistic and needs to be revised in nearest time. We must save money." To lead by example said she would only take half of her presidential salary of 312,000 litas ($120,000) a year.
    (AP, 5/18/09)

2009        Jun 13, An Italian court ordered the recall of 10,000 tons of wood fuel pellets imported from Lithuania over fears that they could have dangerous levels of radioactivity. Test results showed that they contained cesium 137, a highly toxic radioactive substance normally produced by a nuclear explosion or from the combustion of a nuclear reactor. The contaminated pellets themselves were not dangerous to humans, but danger comes from the ashes and the smoke produced when they are burned.
    (AFP, 6/14/09)

2009        Jul 14, Lithuania's Parliament approved a censorship bill that sharply curbs the spreading of public information that lawmakers say could harm the mental, physical, intellectual and moral development of youngsters. The bill comes into law on March 2010 at the latest.
    (www.dw-world.de/dw/article/0,,4487209,00.html?maca=en-rss-en-all-1573-rdf)

2009        Aug 4, The Lithuanian ministry said that the Lithuanian-flagged refrigerator vessel Saturnas, with a crew of 14, was attacked by unidentified perpetrators off the coast of Nigeria. Five crew members were said to have been taken hostage. The attackers did not seize the vessel itself but left in a high-speed boat with the hostages. The 5 Lithuanian sailors were reported freed on Aug 14, ending their 11-day ordeal.
    (AFP, 8/4/09)(AFP, 8/14/09)

2009        Sep 15, Lithuanian lawmakers ousted their speaker in a no-confidence vote after he was accused of links to an organized crime syndicate in the Baltic state. Arunas Valinskas (42), a former showbiz personality who took the political stage in last year's parliamentary election, denied any wrongdoing and said he was the victim of a political vendetta by former party allies, among others.
    (AP, 9/15/09)

2009        Oct 21, Lithuanian lawmakers demanded an investigation into allegations that the CIA had established a prison there for al-Qaida suspects. Leaders have denied that Lithuania had hosted clandestine detention centers.
    (SFC, 10/22/09, p.A2)

2009        Oct 27, A Lithuanian lawmaker said there is no evidence that US airplanes with al-Qaida suspects ever landed in the Baltic country. A recent report by ABC News claimed the CIA had a secret prison in Vilnius from September 2004 through November 2005.
    (AP, 10/27/09)

2009        Oct, In Lithuania Egle Kusaite (20) was detained in an undercover operation after police received a tip about her alleged connections to Chechen rebels and radical Islamic groups. She was detained on suspicion of plotting a suicide attack against an undisclosed Russian military target. Information about her detention was kept quiet until her court hearing in May, 2010. In 2013 she was sentenced to 10 months in prison for engaging in terrorist activities. On April 4, 2014, an appeals court overturned her conviction saying she had expressed an intention to commit terror acts, but had no concrete plan.
    (AP, 5/4/10)(AP, 4/4/14)
2009        Oct, In Lithuania Drasius Kedys (31) allegedly shot and killed two people he had accused of abetting an alleged pedophile ring that preyed on his 5-year-old daughter. One of the dead was the mother's sister. He then disappeared, only to be found dead six months later. Two months later, one of three men whom Kedys accused of molesting his daughter, died after ostensibly falling from his dune buggy and drowning in a creek 8 inches deep. The mother, Laimute Stankunaite, claimed Kedys fabricated the pedophilia claims to discredit her.
    (AP, 6/11/12)

2009        Nov 5, Lithuania's parliament voted to investigate allegations that the Baltic state hosted a secret CIA prison for al Qaeda suspects.
    (Reuters, 11/5/09)

2009        Dec 22, Lithuania said it may have hosted two 'war on terror' lock-ups used by American agents to interrogate suspected Al-Qaeda members. Arvydas Anusauskas, the head of an inquiry commission, said the first project was developed from 2002 and that a 2nd site was created in 2004. The probe found that five CIA-linked aircraft landed on Lithuanian soil from 2003 to 2006. Two touched down in Vilnius on February 3, 2003, and October 6, 2005. In the second case, border guards were barred from checking the plane. Three other aircraft landed at Palanga, on the Baltic coast, around 330 km from Vilnius, on January 2 and February 18, 2005, and March 25, 2006.
    (AFP, 12/22/09)

2009        Dec 31, Lithuania began shutting down its the 2nd Ignalina nuclear reactor. It was  scheduled to be disconnected from the power grid an hour before midnight. The 1st reactor was shut down in 2004.
    (AP, 12/22/09)(AP, 12/31/09)

2009        Laimonas Briedis authored “Vilnius: City of Strangers."
    (Econ, 5/2/09, p.83)

2010        Jan 29, The office of Lithuanian Pres. Dalia Grybauskaite said in a statement that she would sign a decree to appoint Audronius Ažubalis as foreign minister. The tough-talking Grybauskaite forced the resignation of the last foreign minister Vygaudas Ušackas.
    (http://irzikevicius.wordpress.com/)

2010        Feb 1, Lithuanian PM Andrius Kubilius visited Silicon Valley, San Francisco. He and his delegation met with managers at Oracle Corp., Cisco Systems and Hewlett-Packard. He also met with one of the most powerful groups in the IT sector, i.e. members of major Venture Capital Association Accel Partners and other IT investors. The participants of the meeting included Ilja Laurs, founder and CEO of GetJar, the only Lithuanian capital company with the head office in the Silicon Valley.
    (http://irzikevicius.wordpress.com/)(EW)

2010        Feb 3, The Lithuania’s Ministry of Finance announced that Standard & Poor’s (S&P) Ratings Services has revised its outlook on Lithuania by increasing it from negative to stable.
    (http://irzikevicius.wordpress.com/)

2010        May 7, A Lithuanian appeals court said a gay pride parade in Vilnius can go ahead as planned this weekend, overturning a ban imposed by a lower court that cited security concerns.
    (AP, 5/7/10)

2010        May 8, Opponents of Lithuania's first gay pride parade threw smoke bombs and tried to break through a barrier but were stopped by police firing tear gas.
    (AP, 5/8/10)

2010        Jun 10, In Vilnius, Lithuania, representatives of the local Jewish community, the diplomatic corps and others met to participate in the first display of books compiled by American Wyman Brent (47). Brent spearheaded the formation of the Litvak Studies Institute, an interdisciplinary academic and arts centre devoted to the language, literature, history, culture and future of Lithuanian Jewry.
    (www.litvakstudiesinstitute.org/)

2010        Jun 23, Lithuania said its Russian gas supplies, which transit through Belarus, had been cut by 30 percent as a result of Russia's energy dispute with Belarus.
    (AP, 6/23/10)

2010        Jun 26, Algirdas Brazauskas (77), Lithuania's first post-independence president (1993-1998), died at his home. In 2000 he returned to politics and was elected prime minister.
    (AP, 6/27/10)

2010        Jul 17, Lithuania’s state-owned forests reportedly amounted to 830,000 hectares or 3204 square miles and were operated by 42 companies. Government plans called for a single forestry company charged with managing the industry on a commercial basis.
    (Econ, 7/17/10, p.57)

2010        Oct 9, A 650-foot Lithuanian-flagged ferry was ablaze in the Baltic Sea after an explosion on the upper deck. Firefighting ships sprayed the vessel with water to keep it from breaking apart and spilling some 170 tons of fuel. 249 people aboard were rescued by six ships that moved in to help after the explosion on the Lisco Gloria around midnight. A four-person team was lowered to the ferry by helicopter and managed to anchor the vessel off the southern tip of the Danish island Langeland to keep it from drifting farther ashore.
    (AP, 10/9/10)

2010        Oct 21, Military-ruled Myanmar unveiled a new national flag. The new flag has horizontal stripes of yellow, green and red with a big white star in the middle. (These horizontal colors are identical to the Lithuanian national flag.)
    (AP, 10/21/10)

2010        Nov 29, In Lithuania the skeletons of 18 of Napoleon’s soldiers were laid to rest, 200 years following the French invasion of Russia. Their remains were found last year by road builders outside Vilnius. The new graves were added to some 2,000 others found during excavations in 2002.
    (SFC, 11/30/10, p.A2)

2010        Nov, A Eurobarometer survey showed that faith in the courts was the lowest in Lithuania among 27 European Union member states.
    (AP, 6/11/12)

2010        Dec 3, Lithuania said a South Korean bidder, Korea Electric Power Corp. (KEPCO), had pulled out of a four-nation nuclear power plant project and another was rejected. Lithuania itself has been aiming to have a stake of around one-third, but there has been disagreement with Estonia, Latvia and Poland about their relative holdings and power share-out.
    (AFP, 12/3/10)

2010        Dec, Lithuania reviewed its 2011 budget and declared war on smuggling to boost revenue as its deficit swelled to 9.2% of economic output. Smuggling of tobacco, alcohol and fuel was costing the country some $193 million a year in lost taxes.
    (SFC, 12/9/10, p.A8)

2011        Feb 4, US Sens. John McCain and Joseph Liberman visited Lithuania. McCain and Lieberman slammed the Belarusian regime, labeling President Alexander Lukashenko a ruthless tyrant and called on Washington to take the lead on imposing sanctions on the country.
    (AP, 2/4/11)

2011        Feb 8, Lithuania sent an 8-member team to train Afghan army helicopter pilots. Defense Minister Rasa Jukneviciene said the Lithuanian military could hand over the central Afghan province of Ghor to local forces by the end of 2012. A Lithuanian force of some 150 has been at the helm since 2005 of what is known in NATO jargon as a Provincial Reconstruction Team in Ghor. Lithuania first sent troops to Afghanistan in 2002 after the US-led overthrow of the Taliban regime.
    (AFP, 2/8/11)

2011        Feb 23, The US National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) and the Republic of Lithuania today announced that they have signed an Implementation Agreement on Cooperation in Preventing Illicit Trafficking of Nuclear and Other Radioactive Material.
    (http://tinyurl.com/4dplcz7)

2011        May 11, In Lithuania Konstantin Mikhailov, a former member of a Soviet special police unit, was found guilty of murder and was sentenced to life in prison for his role in the killings of seven Lithuanian border guards on July 31, 1991. Mikhailov was arrested in Latvia in 2007 and extradited to Lithuania to stand trial. Several other members of the unit are believed to have fled to Russia.
    (AP, 5/11/11)

2011        May 16, Results from Lithuania's census carried out this year show that the country's population has fallen more than 10 per cent over the past decade. Statistics Lithuania says the Baltic country that borders Belarus and Poland now has 3.05 million residents, compared with more than 3.4 million in 2001. The census was carried out from March to May this year.
    (www.litnews.lt/litnews/news.htm)

2011        May 20, The Embassy of the United States of America announced the official opening of the Office of the U.S. Secret Service in Estonia. The Secret Service office will work closely with its law enforcement partners within the criminal investigative infrastructure in the Baltic nations of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
    (www.estonianfreepress.com)

2011        Jun 21, Lithuanian lawmakers voted to pay $53 million in compensation for the seizure of Jewish property by Nazis during WWII, to be paid from 2013-2023 into a fund managed by local organizations for the country’s 5,000 strong Jewish community. Some 95% of the country’s pre-war Jewish population of 222,000 were killed by Nazis and collaborators.
    (SFC, 6/22/11, p.A2)

2011        Jun 30, Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton arrived for the two-day "Community of Democracies" gathering in Vilnius, Lithuania.
    (AP, 6/30/11)

2011        Aug 4, Belarus police detained Ales Belyatsky of the human rights Vesna group outside his home in the capital, Minsk, and also conducted searches in his apartment and country house, as well as the group's offices. The group criticized Lithuanian authorities for providing information on Belyatsky's activities to Belarusian police. The Lithuanian Justice Ministry said it will now cut off communication channels that were used to provide legal information to Belarus.
    (AP, 8/5/11)

2011        Aug 30, A Lithuanian military plane collided midair with a French fighter jet during a NATO training flight and crashed into a swamp in northern Lithuania after its two pilots safely ejected. The French Mirage fighter was only "lightly damaged" and landed safely.
    (AP, 8/30/11)

2011        Sep 22, In Lithuania a memorial ceremony was held in a church in Vilnius with volunteers reading the names of every resident who lived in the local Jewish ghetto in 1942. A large part of the ghetto’s population had died of starvation or disease, and those who survived were shot outside Vilnius or sent to death camps.
    (SFC, 9/23/11, p.A2)

2011        Sep 29, Amnesty Int’l. called on Lithuania to reopen its investigation into CIA prisons and the alleged torturing of terrorist suspects based on what they said was new evidence of a rendition flight to the Baltic state. A Boeing 727 allegedly carrying an al-Qaida suspect, Abu Zubaydah, landed in the Lithuanian capital of Vilnius on Feb. 17, 2005, after taking off from Morocco and refueling in Jordan. Reprieve, a human rights organization, announced earlier this year that it had provided investigators with confidential information that Abu Zubaydah, a Palestinian repeatedly tortured by US investigators had been secretly imprisoned in Lithuania between 2004 and 2006.
    (AP, 9/29/11)

2011        Oct 21, A Lithuanian judge found Michael Campbell (39), an Irish man, guilty of trying to buy weapons and explosives in a six-year sting orchestrated by Britain's domestic spy agency MI5, a case that drew attention to a hardcore Irish Republican Army splinter group's plans to spread terror to London. He was sentenced to 12 years in prison for weapons offenses and supporting a terrorist group.
    (AP, 10/21/11)

2011        Nov 16, Lithuania’s government decided to nationalize Snoras Bankas. On Nov 23 arrest warrants were issued for Vladimir Antonov and Raimondas Baranauskas, former shareholders in the bank, on charges including embezzlement and forgery. At least €300 was thought to be missing.
    (Econ, 11/19/11, p.87)

2011        Dec 6, It was reported that Lithuania’s capital of Vilnius has recently introduced a ban on panhandling punishing those who beg and those who give with fines up to $770.
    (SFC, 12/6/11, p.A2)

2012        Jan 11, In Birmingham, England, Avtar and Carole Kolar were found dead at their home in Handsworth Wood having suffered blunt force trauma to the head in an apparent bungled burglary. On Jan 16 Rimvydas Liorancas (37) from Lithuania was arrested for the murders. On Jan 28 Liorancas was found hanged at Woodhill prison in Milton Keynes.
    (AFP, 1/31/12)

2012        Feb 8, NATO said it has decided to extend until 2018 an operation to protect the airspace of Baltic members Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania with fighter jets.
    (AP, 2/8/12)

2012        Apr 25, European ministers began returning to Belarus. Poland, Lithuania and Sweden sent their representatives back to Minsk today. Other ambassadors will return over the next hours and days.
    (Reuters, 4/25/12)

2012        Jun 2, In Latvia several hundred activists from the Baltic states and neighboring countries braved rain and hail to participate in an annual parade in defense of gay and lesbian rights. The Baltic states of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania have largely proven to be intolerant toward gays and lesbians despite having joined the European Union in 2004.
    (AFP, 6/2/12)

2012        Jul 30, In London Lithuanian Ruta Meilutyte, claimed as an "adopted Brit," became the youngest winner of the Olympic event at 15 years and 133 days when she won the 100m breaststroke final over American world champion Rebecca Soni. She became Lithuania's first Olympic swimming champion.
    (AFP, 8/1/12)

2012        Oct 14, Lithuanians dealt a double-blow to the incumbent conservative government in national elections by handing a victory to opposition leftists and populists. In a referendum nearly two-thirds of voters in the nation of 3 million rejected the idea of a new nuclear facility that could have made the country a net energy exporter.
    (AP, 10/15/12)

2012        Oct 28, Lithuanians cast ballots in the second-round of national elections in a tight race. The main opposition Social Democrats won 38 seats and announced plans to form a left-leaning coalition with the 3rd place Labor party (29 seats) and 4th place Order and Justice Party (11 seats). The conservative Homeland Union of PM Kubilius won 33 seats.
    (AP, 10/28/12)(SFC, 10/30/12, p.A3)(Econ, 11/3/12, p.52)

2012        Oct 29, Lithuania’s Pres. Dalia Grybauskaite moved to block three opposition parties from forming a new government because one of them, the Labor Party, is accused of vote buying and fraudulent financing.
    (SFC, 10/30/12, p.A3)

2013        Feb 4, In Lithuania it was reported that the retail cost of natural gas pumped from Siberia has spiked 450 percent in the past seven years, from $169 to $769 per 1,000 cubic meters.
    (AP, 2/4/13)

2013        Jul 1, Lithuania took the reigns for its six-month presidency of the European Union.
    (AP, 8/20/13)

2013        Jul 27, A group of protesters tried to disrupt Lithuania's second gay pride parade ever, defying an enormous police presence by throwing eggs at marchers and attempting to storm a stage.
    (AP, 7/27/13)

2013        Aug 29, Lithuania fired its ambassador to Azerbaijan and its ambassador to Hungary after their telephone conversations criticizing Pres. Grybauskaite and insulting the countries they served were secretly recorded and uploaded to YouTube.
    (SFC, 8/30/13, p.A2)

2013        Sep 26, In Lithuania the 10th edition of the Vilnius Intl. Theater Festival opened.
    (SSFC, 9/8/13, p.N3)

2013        Sep 13, Lithuania made a formal protest to Russia over extra border checks imposed over the last month that are hampering trade as the countries spar over trade relations with Ukraine. Russia and the EU, of which Lithuania holds the rotating presidency, are each trying to convince Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine to join their respective trade blocs.
    (Reuters, 9/13/13)

2013        Sep 26, Sarah Fulton, a lawyer for the rights watchdog Redress, said Mustafa al-Hawsawi, currently being held in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, was secretly brought to Lithuania in March 2004 and held there until September 2006. Activists urged authorities to re-open an investigation into possible rendition in the Baltic state.
    (AP, 9/26/13)

2013        Oct 2, Lithuania’s foreign minister said his country could block Russia's road and rail access to its enclave of Kaliningrad if Moscow keeps pressuring its neighbors over their ties to the European Union.
    (Reuters, 10/2/13)

2013        Oct 7, Russia suspended imports of dairy products from neighboring Lithuania, turning up trade pressure on the European Union member weeks before it hosts a summit that could pull former Soviet republics further from Moscow's orbit.
    (Reuters, 10/7/13)

2013        Oct 15, Eurocrats and transport industry folk began a two day train ride from Vilnius to Talinn. Rail Baltica, an idea to build a proper rail way connection from Helsinki to Tallinn, Riga, Kaunas, Warsaw and continuing on to Berlin was on the agenda in a conference onboard the train.
    (www.balticsea-region-strategy.eu/item/486861)(Econ, 10/19/13, p.60)

2013        Oct 17, The UN General Assembly elected five new members to the Security Council. The uncontested seats included Chad, Chile, Lithuania, Nigeria and Saudi Arabia.
    (AP, 10/17/13)

2013        Nov 7, The IRS said is issued $4 billion in fraudulent tax returns last year to people using stolen identities. 655 went to a single address in Lithuania, 343 to a lone adress in Shanghai. Miami topped city destinations in the US.
    (SFC, 11/8/13, p.A7)

2013        Nov 28, EU leaders meeting in Vilnius sought to revive a stalled agreement with Ukraine after the former Soviet republic shocked the 28-country bloc last week by opting for closer ties with Russia instead.
    (AP, 11/28/13)

2013        Dec 24, Russian news agency RIA reported that Russia is preparing to lift a suspension it imposed on the import of Lithuanian dairy products on October 7.
    (Reuters, 12/24/13)

2013        In Lithuania the book “Raudonoji Dalia" (Red Dalia) was published and caused major controversy. It accused Lithuania's President Dalia Grybauskaite of having worked for Russia’s Soviet-era spy agency.
    (http://daliagrybauskaite.blogspot.com/2014/04/red-dalia-hidden-pages-of-dalia.html)

2014        Mar 6, Lithuania says six US fighter jets and two tanker planes have arrived following a US decision to increase NATO's air policing mission of the three Baltic states.
    (AP, 3/6/14)

2014        Mar 12, Lithuanian authorities arrested Russian national Yuri Mel (b.1968), suspected of involvement in clashes in January 1991 after declaration of independence from the USSR, at a checkpoint on the Kaliningrad border. Two days later he was placed in detention.
    (http://tinyurl.com/o6ufjc4)

2014        Mar 19, US Vice President Joe Biden met with leaders of Lithuania and Latvia, part of a quick trip to reassure Baltic allies worried about what an emboldened, aggressive Russia might mean for their nations.
    (Reuters, 3/19/14)

2014        Mar 21, Lithuania banned broadcasts of a Russian TV channel for three months for showing a film that authorities said lied about events in 1991, when the Soviet army tried unsuccessfully to remove its pro-independence government.
    (Reuters, 3/21/14)
2014        Mar 21, France said it is suspending military cooperation with Russia as Defense Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian visited Baltic states in a trip designed to reassure them as tensions mount with Russia over its seizure of Ukraine's Crimea region.
    (Reuters, 3/21/14)

2014        Apr 7, Latvia said it is joining Lithuania in banning Russian state TV broadcasts because it found that several programs about the Ukraine crisis were tendentious and not in the Baltic nation's security interests. A three-month suspension of RTR Rossiya broadcasts will begin April 8.
    (AP, 4/7/14)

2014        May 11, Polls opened in Lithuania for the presidential election. Tough-talking incumbent Dalia Grybauskaite was widely expected to be re-elected for a second term. Grybauskaite got nearly 46 percent of the votes. She will face Social Democratic politician Zigmantas Balcytis, who won 13.6 percent, in the runoff.
    (AP, 5/11/14)(AP, 5/12/14)

2014        May 25, Polls opened in Lithuania for the second round of the presidential election, in which incumbent Dalia Grybauskaite competed against the center-left candidate Zigmantas Balcytis. Grybauskaite won the first consecutive presidential term in the country's history.
    (AP, 5/25/14)(AP, 5/26/14)

2014        Jun 4, Lithuania welcomed a preliminary decision by the European Union to accept the Baltic country's application to adopt the joint currency.
    (AP, 6/4/14)

2014        Jun 12, The Lithuanian government said Russian gas giant Gazprom plans to sell its stake in Lithuanian companies for some 417 million litas ($164 million).
    (AP, 6/12/14)

2014        Jul 23, The European Union gave Lithuania the green light to adopt the euro currency starting next year.
    (AP, 7/23/14)

2014        Aug 21, Lithuania signed a deal with Norway's Statoil to supply natural gas to the country's new terminal starting 2015, as the Baltic state strives to cut its dependence on Russian energy.
    (AFP, 8/21/14)

2014        Sep 17, Lithuania's president Dalia Grybauskaite proposed that investments in strategically important sectors of the economy should be vetted by the government to ensure they do not pose a threat to national security. This followed reports that a Russian-led company leased two large plots of land next to Siauliai airport in northern Lithuania.
    (AP, 9/17/14)

2014        Sep 18, The Lithuanian fishing vessel "Juros Vilkas" (Sea Wolf) and its 28-member crew was in international waters when it was seized by Russia’s Navy in the Barents Sea.
    (AP, 10/1/14)
2014        Sep 18, Poland said it will create a joint military unit with Lithuania and Ukraine, with its command headquarters in the eastern Polish city of Lublin.
    (Reuters, 9/18/14)

2014        Oct 27, A floating natural gas terminal, built by South Korea, arrived in the Lithuanian port of Klaipeda, in a move by the Baltic country to further reduce its reliance on energy supplies from Russia. The $330 million "Independence", owned by Norway's Hoegh LNG and leased to Lithuania's SC Klaipedos Nafta terminal operator, will be able to provide 4 billion cubic meters (141 billion cubic feet) of gas a year when it becomes operational in January.
    (AP, 10/27/14)

2014        Nov 13, Eight northern European nations (Britain, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Sweden) agreed to step up cooperation to counter an increase in Moscow's military activity that has included a tripling of NATO intercepts of Russian jets this year.
    (Reuters, 11/13/14)

2014        Nov 24, Ukraine reported that 3 servicemen have been killed in the past 24 hours in fighting with pro-Russian separatists in the east despite a ceasefire in place since early September. President Petro Poroshenko said  Lithuania is to provide Ukraine with some military aid to help in its fight against pro-Russian separatists.
     (Reuters, 11/24/14)

2014        Dec 31, Faustas Strolia (b.1931), Lithuanian composer, musician and teacher, died in Oak Forest, Ill.
    (http://tinyurl.com/ny6qs3f)

2015        Jan 1, Lithuania welcomed a New Year and a new currency, becoming the last Baltic nation to adopt the euro in a bid to boost stability despite fears of inflation and eurozone debt woes.
    (AFP, 1/1/15)(http://tinyurl.com/obb2hfm)

2015        Jan 17, It was reported that Lithuania's defense ministry will issue next week a 98-page booklet, entitled "How to act in extreme situations or instances of war, reflecting jitters over neighboring Russia's intervention in Ukraine and a recent increase of reported airspace violations in the Baltic region.
    (AP, 1/17/15)

2015        Jan 30, NATO said it will deploy small units in six Eastern European nations to help coordinate a spearhead force set up in response to Russia's actions in Ukraine. The units in Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Bulgaria and Romania will be the first of their kind there.
    (AP, 1/30/15)

2015        Feb 24, Lithuania said it will restore compulsory military service for young men as tensions in Ukraine continue to worry the small Baltic nation.
    (AP, 2/24/15)

2015        Mar 9, The United States delivered more than 100 pieces of military equipment to vulnerable NATO-allied Baltic states in a move designed to provide them with the ability to deter potential Russian threats.
    (AFP, 3/9/15)

2015        Mar 11, Lithuania marked the 25th anniversary of its declaration of independence.
    (SFC, 3/12/15, p.A5)

2015        Apr 8, Lithuania's broadcasting regulator banned a Russian TV station for three months, saying it continues to air Kremlin "propaganda" despite repeated warnings.
    (AP, 4/8/15)

2015        May 4, Polish President Bronislaw Komorowski approved a resolution that gave his formal consent to the establishment of a joint Polish-Lithuanian-Ukrainian military unit. The joint brigade will serve separately from the three countries’ military commands, but will participate in NATO, United Nations and European Union operations.
    (Reuters, 5/4/15)

2015        May 6, Lithuania launched a military exercise to simulate an attack on its new gas terminal.
    (Reuters, 5/6/15)

2015        May 14, Lithuania said the Baltic states will formally ask NATO to deploy several thousand troops as a deterrent to Russia, but the alliance gave no assurance that the request would be accepted.
    (AFP, 5/14/15)

2015        May 16, A small Lithuanian plane with two pilots disappeared from radar some two hours after takeoff from Sweden’s southwestern city of Goteborg.
    (AP, 5/17/15)

2015        Jun 1, US-led NATO drills began in the Baltic states and Poland, a move intended to reassure Russia's nervous neighbors amid tensions over Ukraine.
    (AFP, 6/1/15)

2015        Jun 14, Lithuania’s Defense Minister Juozas Olekas said his country is readying itself to host heavy US military equipment while talks continue with the United States on a permanent location for the arms.
    (Reuters, 6/14/15)
2015        Jun 13, A US security officials said the United States plans to store heavy military equipment in the Baltics and Eastern European nations to reassure allies made uneasy by Russian intervention in Ukraine, and to deter further aggression.
    (Reuters, 6/14/15)

2015        Jun 23, US Defense Secretary Ash Carter announced that the United States will pre-position tanks, artillery and other military equipment in eastern and central Europe, moving to reassure NATO allies unnerved by Russian involvement in Ukraine. Carter, during a trip to Tallinn, said the Baltic states - Estonia, Lithuania, Latvia -- as well as Bulgaria, Romania and Poland agreed to host elements of this heavy equipment.
    (Reuters, 6/23/15)

2015        Jun 29, US House Speaker John A. Boehner and a House delegation wrapped up a three-day trip to Lithuania, where aides said he reaffirmed the United States’ commitment to resisting Russian aggression in the region.
    (AP, 6/29/15)

2015        Jul 13, Lithuania said it is removing all the Soviet statues remaining in its capital, prompted by renewed calls to take down the symbols of an oppressive Soviet occupation amid the Ukraine crisis. The four remaining statues, depicting Red Army soldiers, workers, students and peasants, were erected on the historic Green Bridge over the River Neris in 1952.
    (AP, 7/13/15)

2015        Jul 20, Workers in Lithuania began dismantling the last Soviet statues in Vilnius, following calls prompted by the Ukraine crisis that symbols of the Soviet occupation be removed.
    (AP, 7/20/15)

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