Timeline Macedonia

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Borders Albania to the west, Bulgaria to the east, Serbia to the north and Greece to the south. Macedonians of Slav origin are the predominant ethnic group, although ethnic Albanians account for about a third of the population of 2 million. Traditionally the poorest of the former Yugoslavia's six republics, Macedonia is struggling to get its postwar economy back on track. Corruption is rampant, joblessness is about 40 percent and the average per-capita income is about $300 a month.

The gadulka is a Macedonian fiddle like instrument.
 (NH, 6/97, p.66)

c3000BC    The town of Ohrid was established on Lake Ohrid, the 2nd deepest lake in the world.
    (SFC, 8/9/99, p.A8)

400BC-300 BC     King Bardhylus united Illyria, Molossia (Epirus) and part of Macedonia. The Illyrian kingdom reaches its peak.
    (www, Albania, 1998)

c359BCE    Heraclea was established.
    (SFC, 8/9/99, p.A10)

359BC-336BC        Philip II ruled the Greek kingdom of Macedonia. During this period he founded Plovdiv, Bulgaria.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1081)(SFC, 7/18/96, p.E1)

358BC     Philip II of Macedonia marched his men into territories he had ceded to Paionia, Illyria and Thrace, where he routed his enemies and forced them to pledge allegiance to Macedonia.
    (www, Albania, 1998)(ON, 4/2011, p.10)

356BC        Olympias, the forth wife of Philip II of Macedonia, gave birth to Alexander the Great (d.323) in Pella. Philip later hired Aristotle to be the boy’s tutor.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_the_Great)(WSJ, 5/15/98, p.W11)(ON, 4/2011, p.10)

337BC        The city states of Greece agreed to terms set down by Philip II of Macedon unifying the country un Philip.
    (ON, 4/2011, p.12)

336BCE    Alexander inherited the throne of Macedonia and all of Greece. He went to see the Oracle of Delphi but was initially refused entry. He forced his way and dragged the seeress into the temple. Plutarch wrote: “As if conquered by his violence, she said, ‘My son, thou art invincible.’" “That is all the answer I desire," replied Alexander. He began his campaign to acquire new territory in Asia at age 22. Within 4 years he conquered the entire Persian Empire.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.50)(NG, Jan,1968 p.1,4)(http://eawc.evansville.edu, p.13)

c333 BCE    Hittite lands and the village known as Ancyra (later Angora, Ankora) was conquered by Macedonians led by Alexander the Great.
    (HNQ, 4/15/02)

323BC        Jun 10, Alexander died in Persia at Babylon at the age of 32. His general, Ptolemy, took possession of Egypt. Apelles was a painter in Alexander's court. He had been commissioned by Alexander to paint a portrait of Campaspe, Alexander's concubine. Apelles fell in love with Campaspe and Alexander granted her to him in marriage. In 1984 Curtius Quintas Rufus authored "the History of Alexander." In 1991 Peter Green authored "Alexander of Macedon, A Historical Biography." “Alexander the Great" by Norman F. Cantor (d.2004) was published in 2005.
    (BS, 5/3/98, p.12E)(WSJ, 2/11/00, p.W6) (ON, 1/01, p.11)(SSFC, 12/25/05, p.M3)

285BC        Ptolemy II (b.c309, Philadelphus) of Macedonia began his rule of Egypt. During his reign (285-247) he founded the Cyprian port of Famagusta.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1162)(NG, 8/04, Geographica)

199BC-150BC        Early in the 2nd century BCE the Romans made Macedonia into a province and obliterated the city of Corinth.
    (WSJ, 12/26/97, p.A7)

42BC        Octavian and Mark Antony defeated Brutus and Cassius at Philippi in Macedonia.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1081)

9CE         Emperor Tiberius of Rome subjugated the Illyrians and divided present day Albania between Dalmatia, Epirus, and Macedonia.
    (www, Albania, 1998)

c67CE        St. Paul, Catholic apostle to the Gentiles and writer of many epistles, died. He founded one of the first Christian churches in Europe at Philippi in Macedonia.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1058,1081)

700-800    Invading Slavs assimilated the Thracians in the area of modern Bulgaria and parts of Greece, Romania, Macedonia and Turkey.
    (SFC, 8/17/05, p.A2)

886        Aug 29,  Basilius I, the Macedonian, Byzantine emperor (867-886), died.
    (MC, 8/29/01)

1335        The Orthodox church of St. Atanasie and the Holy Virgin in Lesok was begun. A monastery was added that played a role in Christian resistance to the Ottoman Empire.
    (SFC, 8/22/01, p.A10)

1689        The Macedonian city of Skopje, under Ottoman rule at this time, was torched by the Austrians.
    (Econ, 1/5/12, p.69)

1895        Jul 15, Stephen Stambulov, ex-prime minister of Bulgaria was murdered by Macedonian rebels.
    (HN, 7/15/98)

1903        Sep 8, Between 30,000 and 50,000 Bulgarian men, women and children were massacred in Monastir by Turkish troops seeking to check a threatened Macedonian uprising.
    (HN, 9/8/98)

1908        Feb 14, Russia and Britain threatened action in Macedonia if peace was not reached soon.
    (HN, 2/14/98)

1910        Aug 26, Agnes Gonxhe Bojaxhiu (d.1997), later known as Mother Teresa and care-taker of the poor in Calcutta, was born to an ethnic Albanian family in Uskub (later Skopje, Macedonia). In 1950 she founded the Missionaries of Charity in Calcutta and in 1979 was awarded a Nobel Peace Prize for her work.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mother_Teresa)(SFC, 8/26/97, p.C3)(AP, 9/26/04)

1912         May, Albanians rose against the Ottoman authorities and seized Shkup (Skopje, Macedonia).
    (www, Albania, 1998)

1912        Aug 25,  Different nationalities battled with each other in Macedonia.
    (chblue.com, 8/25/01)

1912        Oct 18, The First Balkan War broke out between the members of the Balkan League-- Serbia, Bulgaria, Greece and Montenegro--and the Ottoman Empire. A small Balkan War broke out and was quelled by the major powers. Albanian nationalism spurred repeated revolts against Turkish dominion and resulted in the First Balkan War in which the Turks were driven out of much of the Balkan Peninsula. Austria-Hungary’s 1908 annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina spurred Serbian efforts to form the Balkan alliance with its neighbors.  As a result of the war on Turkey, Serbia doubled its territory with the award of Northern Macedonia. Albanian leaders affirmed Albania as an independent state. [see Oct 8]
    (V.D.-H.K.p.290)(CO, Grolier’s/ Albania)(HN, 10/18/98)(HNQ, 3/27/99)(www, Albania, 1998)

1912        Oct, Fighting against Turkish dominion began throughout Macedonia.
    (www.maknews.com/html/articles/stefov/stefov61.html)

1912-1913    During the Balkan Wars the Kingdom of Greece acquired Macedonia from the Turkish Ottoman Empire.
    (SFC, 4/23/98, p.B4)

1912        Dec 4, An armistice was signed to end the First Balkan War. Following several victories over the Ottoman army, coalition forces occupied Macedonia and forced the Ottoman Empire to seek an armistice.
    (www.maknews.com/html/articles/stefov/stefov61.html)

1913        Jun 24, Greece and Serbia annulled their alliance with Bulgaria following border disputes over Macedonia and Thrace.
    (HN, 6/24/98)

1913        Jun 29, Anticipating assistance from Austro-Hungary the Bulgarian army attacked its former allies. This Second Balkan War was at first waged entirely on Macedonian soil. Bulgaria defeated Greek and Serbian troops.
    (www.maknews.com/html/articles/stefov/stefov61.html)

1913        Jul 10, Rumania entered the Second Balkan War war and four days later the Ottoman Empire joined the general assault on Bulgaria. Faced with four fronts, Bulgarian armies were defeated piecemeal and the government at Sofia was forced to seek peace. Atrocities were widespread. For example, in pursuing the Bulgarian army Greek forces systematically burnt to the ground all Macedonian villages they encountered, mass-murdering their entire populations. Likewise, when the Greek army entered Kukush (Kilkis) and occupied surrounding villages, about 400 old people and children were imprisoned and killed. Nor did the Serbian "liberators" lag behind in destruction and wanton slaughter throughout Macedonia. In Bitola, Skopje, Shtip and Gevgelija, the Serbian army, police and chetniks (guerrillas) committed their own atrocities.
    (www.maknews.com/html/articles/stefov/stefov61.html)

1916        Nov 16, French adjutant-chief Eugene Rouges died with several of his men when a German artillery shell exploded in their trench in Gradesnica, Macedonia. In the 1990s villagers began finding a liquid fortune in vintage cognac buried in the old trenches.
    (AP, 7/23/07)

1917        May 3, Kiro Gligorov (d.2012) was born in the central Macedonian town of Shtip. He later served as the first president of Macedonia (1991-1999).
    (AP, 1/2/12)

1917        Nov 21, German ace Rudolf von Eschwege was killed over Macedonia when he attacked a booby-trapped observation balloon packed with explosives.
    (HN, 11/21/99)

1929        Oct 3, The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes formally changed its name to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. It included the regions of Serbia, Montenegro, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia, Herzegovina, and Macedonia. King Alexander I renamed the Balkan state called the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes, Yugoslavia. The Kingdom had been formed on December 1, 1918 and was ruled by the Serbian Karageorgevic dynasty. It included the previously independent kingdoms of Serbia and Macedonia, the Hungarian-controlled regions of Croatia and Slovenia, the Austrian province of Dalmatia, Carniola and parts of Styria, Carinthia and Istria.
    (AP, 10/3/97)(HN, 10/3/98)(HNQ, 3/26/99)(LCTH, 10/3/99)

1943        Bulgarians occupying Macedonia rounded up and deported 7,148 Macedonian Jews to the death camp at Treblinka. Of a pre-war population of some 8,000 Jews, only 350 remained after the war.
    (Econ, 7/16/11, p.88)

1945        Kiro Gligorov was one of the organizers of the Anti-Fascist Assembly for the People's Liberation of Macedonia, or ASNOM. The organization worked to establish Macedonia's identity and territory within the Yugoslav federation and is considered the cornerstone of the Macedonian state.
    (AP, 1/2/12)

1963        Jul 26, Skopje, Yugoslavia, was destroyed by earthquake and over 1,000 were killed.
    (MC, 7/26/02)

1967        The Orthodox church in Macedonia broke free from its Serb overlords.
    (Econ, 9/10/05, p.50)

1990        Nov, A party that advocated a confederation of independent states of Yugoslavia won power.
    (SFC, 6/11/96, p.A14)

1991        Jan, Kiro Gligorov (1917-2012) became president of Macedonia while it was still a Yugoslav republic. He served two consecutive presidential terms, leading the nation to November 1999.
    (AP, 1/2/12)

1991        Macedonia gained independence from the former Yugoslavia. Its president was Kiro Glogorov. A quarter to a third of the population is Albanian. Its population is about 2 mil. Its capital is Skopje.
    (www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/mk.html)

1992        April, The denar was introduced to replace the old Yugoslav dinar currency.
    (WSJ, 11/27/95, p.A-7C)

1993        Jul, The first American ground troops entered the former Yugoslavia as 300 Americans joined a UN peacekeeping force in Macedonia.
    (WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)

1993        Vevcani, Macedonia, nestled on the forested slopes of the Jablanica mountain about 190 km (120 miles) southwest of the capital Skopje, held its own referendum on independence, in a move tinged with nationalism after members of the country's ethnic Albanian minority living nearby did the same. 96% percent voted in favor of independence, and the 'Republic of Vevcani' was born. Mirte Aluloski drafted the new republic's constitution.
    (AP, 1/19/13)

1993-1999    Feb 28, The US Operations Deny Flight, Provide Promise, Deliberate Force, Decisive Edge, Joint Endeavour and others began in Bosnia and Macedonia. They cost $9.7 billion to date and left 4 US casualties with 5 wounded.
    (WSJ, 9/22/99, p.A8)

1934        Oct 9, In Marseilles, a Macedonian revolutionary associated with Croat terrorists in Hungary assassinated King Alexander of Yugoslavia and French Foreign Minister Louis Barthou. The two had been on a tour of European capitals in quest of an alliance against Nazi Germany. The assassinations brought the threat of war between Yugoslavia and Hungary, but confrontation was prevented by the League of Nations.
    (HN, 10/9/98)

1994        Greece put a 2-year embargo on Macedonia for usurping the name of a northern province.
    (SFEC,11/2/97, p.A22)

1995        Oct 3, Pres. Gligorov (1917-2012), leader of Macedonia, was critically hurt in a car bomb attack in Skopje, Macedonia. The bomb, which targeted his car as he headed to work in the capital, cost him an eye and killed his driver and a bystander.
    (WSJ, 10/4/95, p.A-1)(AP, 1/2/12)

1995        The Macedonian government signed an accord with Athens agreeing to remove a particular symbol from its flag and revising some articles of the constitution. Talks on the country's name have made little progress. In official bodies such as the United Nations, the country is known as the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.
    (AP, 1/2/12)

1996        Apr 9, Yugoslavia and Macedonia established diplomatic relations.
    (WSJ, 4/9/96, p.A-1)

1996        Macedonia opened a stock exchange.
    (WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R42)

1997        Jul, Three ethnic Albanians were shot to death during riots after police removed an Albanian flag from the town hall.
    (SFC, 9/18/97, p.A11)

1997        Sep 17, In Macedonia the mayor of Gostevar, Rufi Osmani, was sentenced to 13 years in prison on charges of inciting ethnic hatred in the July riots.
    (SFC, 9/18/97, p.A11)

1998        May 28, NATO Ministers agreed to help Albania and Macedonia strengthen their border patrols.
    (SFC, 5/29/98, p.A16)

1998        Oct 18, In Macedonia elections were held and the opposition coalition later claimed victory by winning 44 seats of the 120-seat Assembly. Ljubco Georgievski became the prime minister.
    (SFC, 10/20/98, p.C12)(SFEC, 4/11/99, p.A26)

1998        Nov 1, A 2nd round of elections was scheduled. Right-wing parties unseated the ruling ex-Communists. The center-right coalition of VMRO-DPMNE and Democratic Alternative parties won 59 of the 120 seats in parliament.
    (WSJ, 11/2/98, p.A1)(SFC, 11/3/98, p.C3)

1998        Dec 2, Macedonia agreed to provide a base for NATO to get to Kosovo it the need should arise.
    (WSJ, 12/3/98, p.A1)

1999        Jan, Prime Minister Ljubco Georgievski took office after an alliance led by his center-right Democratic Party for Macedonian National Unity ousted the former Communists, who had been in power for 8 years.
    (SFC, 4/22/99, p.A14)

1999        Feb 9, China severed relations with Macedonia after the government in Skopje recognized Taiwan.
    (WSJ, 2/10/99, p.A1)

1999        Feb 24, China announced that it would veto a Security Council resolution to renew a UN peacekeeping force in Macedonia, which had recently established relations with Taiwan.
    (SFC, 2/25/99, p.A10)

1999        Feb, Ismail Bexheti (40), an ethnic Albanian and a Muslim, was appointed as the police chief in Tetovo. Most of his officers were Slavic Christians.
    (WSJ, 5/28/99, p.A1)

1999        Mar 29, Albania and Macedonia appealed for help as thousands of refugees fled Kosovo on the 6th day of bombing. NATO said Serbs were targeting ethnic Albanian leadership for executions and the US accused Milosevic of "crimes against humanity."
    (WSJ, 3/30/99, p.A1)(SFC, 3/30/99, p.A1)

1999        Mar 31, Three peacekeeping US soldiers were captured by Serb forces near the Yugoslav-Macedonia border. James Stone, Stevem Gonzales and Andrew Martinez were shown on Serbian TV. Azen Syla, founder of the KLA, said that his guerrilla supply lines from Albania were cut off when the bombing began. Yugoslav soldiers herded ethnic Albanians onto trains bound for the Macedonian border as NATO bombing continued for the 8th day.
    (SFC, 3/31/99, p.A1,12)

1999        Apr 3, Macedonia, overwhelmed by some 70,000 Kosovar Albanians, declared that it won't accept any more refugees unless they are sent on to other European countries.
    (SFEC, 4/4/99, p.A10)

1999        Apr 5, In Macedonia ethnic Albanians were blocked at the border due to extremely slow processing by government officials. Political stability was feared and the UN was denied a mandate to process the refugees.
    (SFC, 4/6/99, p.A8)

1999        Apr 7, In Macedonia the government evacuated a huge refugee encampment overnight and sent them to locations in Albania, Greece and Turkey.
    (SFC, 4/8/99, p.A1)

1999        Apr 14, Some 3,000 refugees reached the border of Macedonia and another 7,000 were expected. Another 3,000 arrived in Albania. An estimated 18,000 were making their way to Montenegro. Over the last 3 weeks 305,000 arrived in Albania, 121,000 in Macedonia, and 61,000 in Montenegro.
    (SFC, 4/15/99, p.A12)

1999        Apr 16, NATO troops began to pull out of refugee camps in Macedonia. Management of the camps was turned over to Macedonian NGOs supervised by the UNHCR. Refugees were reported to be in fear of the Macedonian police.
    (SFC, 4/16/99, p.A17)
1999        Apr 16, Thousands of refugees poured out of Kosovo as NATO blasted oil refineries, military barracks and airports around Yugoslavia. At least 5,000 refugees crossed into Macedonia, and 8,000 into Albania. Some 100,000 were believed to be enroute to Macedonia.
    (SFC, 4/17/99, p.A1)

1999        Apr 20, NATO bombing continued in Yugoslavia. The UN refugee agency in Macedonia declared its camps full beyond capacity and left 2,000 to 3,000 refugees at the border. Another few thousand crossed the border to the hamlet of Milana. The border with Albania was again opened but only a few crossed over.
    (SFC, 4/21/99, p.A1,10)

1999        Apr 21, Macedonia allowed another 3,000 Kosovo refugees to enter from the frontier.
    (SFC, 4/22/99, p.A14)

1999        Apr 26, Over 2,000 ethnic Albanians arrived from Kosovo.
    (SFC, 4/27/99, p.A8)

1999        Apr 27, Up to 5,000 ethnic Albanians entered Macedonia and many more were said to be following. Another 2,000 entered at the Lojane border post.
    (SFC, 4/28/99, p.A10)

1999        Apr 29, In Macedonia another 6,500 refugees arrived. 3 refugees were killed by a mine as they attempted to cross the border northwest of Blace.
    (SFC, 4/30/99, p.A13)

1999        May 3, British PM Tony Blair visited the Stankovec I refugee camp in Macedonia and pledged to double Britain's aid from $32 million to $64 million.
    (SFC, 5/4/99, p.D1)

1999        May 14, In Macedonia Hillary Clinton announced a $21 million aid package to support Kosovo refugees and the Macedonian people who have helped take them in.
    (SFC, 5/15/99, p.A10)

1999        May 18, NATO missiles hit at least 4 cities in Yugoslavia and one woman was reported killed and 12 injured. Some 1000 ethnic Albanians crossed into Macedonia.
    (SFC, 5/19/99, p.A14)

1999        May 23, Some 14,000 ethnic Albanians crossed the border from Kosovo to Macedonia in the last 2 days.
    (SFC, 5/24/99, p.A12)

1999        May 25, As many as 150,000 Kosovo refugees were reportedly bound for Macedonia.
    (SFC, 5/26/99, p.A10)

1999        Aug 29, In Macedonia a NATO soldier from Norway was arrested for a car crash that killed a Macedonian official, his wife and daughter.
    (WSJ, 8/31/99, p.A1)

1999        Oct 31, In Macedonia elections Tito Petkovski, representing the former communist Social Democratic Party, led with 38% of the vote vs. Boris Trajkovsky (VMRO) with 24.6%. A runoff was scheduled in 2 weeks.
    (SFC, 11/2/99, p.A14)

1999        Nov 14, Boris Trajkovsky (43) of the right centrist VMRO DPMNE party was the winner in a runoff election with 53% of the vote. Some 35,000 people later protested the results.
    (SFC, 11/19/99, p.D2)

1999        Nov 28, The high court nullified the election results in 230 mainly Albanian districts and threw Boris Trajkovsky's victory into doubt.
    (WSJ, 11/29/99, p.A1)

1999        Dec 5, A repeat ballot in 239 contested polling stations upheld the election of Boris Trajkovsky and the ruling coalition.
    (SFC, 12/6/99, p.A14)

1999        Caroline Baron founded Film Aid Int’l. as a one-time trial to show films to the refugees in Macedonia. The project was later expanded Africa.
    (WSJ, 10/23/02, p.B1)

1999        The 2 million population included about 25% ethnic Albanians.
    (SFC, 4/22/99, p.A12)

2001        Mar 4, Macedonia sealed its border with Kosovo after 3 soldiers were killed in heavy fighting with ethnic Albanian rebels, led by Ali Ahmeti.
    (WSJ, 3/5/01, p.A1)(Econ, 4/14/12, p.62)

2001        Mar 5, In Macedonia heavy fighting against ethnic Albanian rebels continued for a 2nd day on the border with Kosovo.
    (SFC, 3/6/01, p.A12)

2001        Mar 9, Ethnic Albanian rebels launched attacks on Macedonian and Yugoslav forces on the Kosovo border. 2 people were killed.
    (SFC, 3/10/01, p.A8)

2001        Mar 12, Yugoslavia and NATO agreed to use their forces to squeeze Albanian rebels from separate flanks as the rebels signed a cease-fire.
    (SFC, 3/13/01, p.A15)

2001        Mar 14, The ethnic Albanian National Liberation Army (UCK) extended its fight to Tetovo, the country’s 2nd largest city.
    (SFC, 3/15/01, p.A12)

2001        Mar 15, Prime Minister Ljubco Georgievski said that a direct involvement of NATO troops might be required to stem rebel attacks.
    (SFC, 3/16/01, p.A14)

2001        Mar 16, Albanian rebel mortar shells exploded in Tetovo.
    (SFC, 3/17/01, p.A12)

2001        Mar 18, The government ordered a general mobilization to counter the guerrilla assault.
    (SFC, 3/19/01, p.A8)

2001        Mar 19, NATO asked for additional troops in Kosovo to help stop Albanian guerrillas from crossing into Macedonia. Macedonia moved tanks and troops into Tetovo.
    (SFC, 3/20/01, p.A10)(WSJ, 3/20/01, p.A1)

2001        Mar 20, Security forces began a heavy attack against guerrilla fighters and issued an ultimatum that weapons be laid down.
    (SFC, 3/21/01, p.12)

2001        Mar 21, The government rejected a rebel cease-fire and planned to proceed with its military offensive.
    (SFC, 3/22/01, p.A10)

2001        Mar 22, Two Albanians were killed by police at a checkpoint when they appeared to pull grenades. The EU urged Macedonia to show restraint and intensify discussions with Albanian militants.
    (SFC, 3/23/01, p.D4)

2001        Mar 24, Macedonia began using attack helicopters against ethnic Albanian rebels.
    (SSFC, 3/25/01, p.C2)

2001        Mar 25, The government sent infantry troops backed by tanks and helicopters into the hills above Tetovo to push back ethnic Albanian insurgents.
    (SFC, 3/26/01, p.A8)

2001        Mar 28, Macedonia began final assaults on rebels near the Kosovo border as political talks were set to begin.
    (SFC, 3/29/01, p.A10)

2001        Mar 29, Macedonian forces chased rebels into Kosovo and 3 people were killed from mortar fire in Kosovo.
    (SFC, 3/30/01, p.A16)

2001        Mar 30, Macedonia declared a successful conclusion to their offensive against ethnic Albanian insurgents.
    (SFC, 3/31/01, p.A10)

2001        Mar 31, Rebels engaged government troops in a firefight.
    (SSFC, 4/1/01, p.C5)

2001        Apr 28, In Macedonia 8 government soldiers and police were killed by rebels near the Kosovo border.
    (SFC, 4/30/01, p.A8)

2001        May 1, Slavs rioted in Bitola and trashed Albanian shops following the funerals of soldiers killed in a rebel ambush. US Sec. of State Powell met with Pres. Trajkovski.
    (SFC, 5/2/01, p.A8)

2001        May 3, Troops backed by helicopter gunships began a fresh offensive against ethnic Albanian rebels after 2 soldiers were killed and one kidnapped in an ambush.
    (SFC, 5/4/01, p.A13)

2001        May 6, Macedonian forces lobbed shells into villages seized by ethnic Albanian rebels.
    (SFC, 5/7/01, p.C1)

2001        May 7, Prime Minister Georgievski said parties agreed to form a coalition government to include all main ethnic Albanian and Slav parties.
    (WSJ, 5/8/01, p.A1)

2001        May 9, Macedonian forces intensified assaults on suspected ethnic Albanian positions.
    (WSJ, 5/10/01, p.A1)

2001        May 10, Macedonian and Serb leaders agreed to work together to fight ethnic Albanian guerrillas.
    (WSJ, 5/11/01, p.A1)

2001        May 12, The Parliament approved a national unity government. The VMRO, DPA, SDSM and PDP made the move to avert an all out war.
    (WSJ, 5/14/01, p.A1)(SFC, 5/25/01, p.A14)

2001        May 15, The new unity government ordered a halt to attacks on ethnic Albanian rebels but warned them to clear out of northern villages within 2 days or face full-scale assaults.
    (SFC, 5/16/01, p.A10)

2001        May 20, Government troops shelled ethnic Albanian positions in response to machine gun and sniper fire.
    (SFC, 5/22/01, p.A11)

2001        May 24, Albanians said that government fire killed 7 civilians.
    (WSJ, 5/25/01, p.A1)

2001        May 25, Government troops began a ground assault against rebels and some 3,000 civilians fled the area.
    (SFC, 5/26/01, p.B12)

2001        May 29, Key leaders agreed to set aside a dispute over a joint declaration signed by ethnic Albanian politicians and a guerrilla leader that did not require an immediate stop to fighting.
    (SFC, 5/30/01, p.A10)

2001        Jun 1, The government offered amnesty to the ethnic Albanian militants if they lay down their weapons.
    (SFC, 6/2/01, p.A9)

2001        Jun 5, US Defense Sec. Donald Rumsfeld visited Macedonia as Albanian rebels clashed with government troops near Tetovo.
    (WSJ, 6/6/01, p.A1)

2001        Jun 6, The government threatened to declare a state of war after 5 soldiers were killed in an attack by ethnic Albanian rebels.
    (SFC, 6/7/01, p.A12)

2001        Jun 8, Rebels seized Aracinovo, 5 miles from Skopje, without firing a shot.
    (SFC, 6/13/01, p.D2)

2001        Jun 10, Ethnic Albanian rebel leader Commander Hoxha threatened to take the insurgency into the cities unless government stopped fighting in the north.
    (SFC, 6/11/01, p.A10)

2001        Jun 11, In Macedonia ethnic Albanian rebels and the government announced cease-fires.
    (SFC, 6/12/01, p.A10)

2001        Jun 12, Macedonia broke ties with Taiwan and restored relations with China.
    (WSJ, 6/13/01, p.A1)
2001        Jun 12, Gunmen shot dead Naser Hani (42), an intermediary between militants and government parties.
    (SFC, 6/14/01, p.C3)

2001        Jun 14, Macedonia asked for NATO troops the help disarm ethnic Albanian rebels. NATO Sec. Gen. Lord Robertson ruled out military intervention.           
    (SFC, 6/15/01, p.D6)

2001        Jun 15, Rebels declared a unilateral cease-fire as politicians began talks to resolve the crises.
    (SFC, 6/16/01, p.A7)

2001        Jun 22, Government troops ended an 11-day cease-fire and attacked ethnic Albanian rebels with tanks and helicopter gunships.
    (SFC, 6/23/01, p.A9)

2001        Jun 25, In Skopje rioting erupted after US troops escorted rebels away from the capital.
    (WSJ, 6/27/01, p.A1)

2001        Jul 5, The government and ethnic Albanian rebels signed a cease-fire agreement under pressure from Western powers. Fighting continued.
    (SFC, 7/6/01, p.A16)

2001        Jul 20, Two int’l. monitors and their interpreter were found killed by a land mine near Tetovo.
    (SFC, 7/21/01, p.E1)

2001        Jul 22, Ethnic Albanian rebels attacked government forces in the Tetovo area.
    (SFC, 7/23/01, p.A8)

2001        Jul 23, In Macedonia security forces engaged ethnic Albanian rebels in fierce fighting around Tetovo. Macedonian mobs in Skopje, angered by Western efforts at mediation, attacked symbolic targets.
    (SFC, 7/24/01, p.A6)

2001        Jul 30, Peace talks dragged into a 3rd day as rebels controlled part of Tetovo.
    (SFC, 7/31/01, p.A7)

2001        Aug 4, Ethnic Albanian rebels lobbed mortars at Macedonian police stations near Tetovo.
    (SSFC, 8/5/01, p.A14)

2001        Aug 5, Rival factions agreed to restructure the police force and removed a major barrier to a peace accord.
    (SFC, 8/6/01, p.A8)

2001        Aug 6, Peace talks hit a snag over government demands for a quick rebel disarmament.
    (SFC, 8/7/01, p.A6)

2001        Aug 7, Police conducted a predawn raid in Skopje and 5 members of the National Liberation Army were killed.
    (SFC, 8/8/01, p.A8)

2001        Aug 8, Political leaders initialed a peace agreement as rebels ambushed an army convoy and killed 10 soldiers.
    (SFC, 8/9/01, p.A8)

2001        Aug 9, Government forces battled rebels for control of Tetovo and one policeman was killed. A peace agreement was scheduled to be formally signed Aug 13.
    (SFC, 8/10/01, p.A12)

2001        Aug 10, Two mines hit military trucks near Skopje and 7 soldiers were killed. The army retaliated with an assault on Ljuboten.
    (SFC, 8/11/01, p.A8)

2001        Aug 10-12, Security forces killed 6 ethnic Albanian civilians and burned at least 22 houses in the village of Ljuboten. Another 3 were killed from indiscriminate shelling and another died when shot while fleeing.
    (SFC, 9/6/01, p.E4)

2001        Aug 12, Macedonia's interior minister Ljube Boskovski watched from a distance as police under his control rampaged through Ljuboten, killing seven ethnic Albanian men and torching and blowing up houses. In 2007 defendants Boskovski and a top police official faced a possible punishment of life imprisonment. The policemen who allegedly carried out the killings were not on trial.
    (AP, 4/16/07)

2001        Aug 13, In Macedonia a peace deal was signed by rival leaders of the 2 main ethnic groups and paved the way for NATO troops to arrive and disarm ethnic Albanian rebels. Representatives of the EU, USA and NATO helped Macedonian politicians produce a plan for peace at Lake Ohrid called the Ohrid agreement.
    (http://tinyurl.com/y8j2yh)(AP, 8/13/02)(Econ, 10/21/06, p.62)

2001        Aug 14, Albanian guerrillas agreed to disarm under NATO supervision and the government agreed to extend amnesty for the fighters.
    (SFC, 8/15/01, p.A6)

2001        Aug 15, NATO authorized 400 first wave peacekeepers for Macedonia.
    (SFC, 8/16/01, p.A1)

2001        Aug 17, NATO’s 1st advance troops of Operation Essential Harvest arrived in Skopje.
    (SFC, 8/18/01, p.10)

2001        Aug 19, Government shelled the rebel-held village of Neprusteno for 4 hours.
    (SFC, 8/21/01, p.A6)

2001        Aug 21, In Macedonia a 14th century monastery, St. Atanasie and the Holy Virgin, in Lesok was bombed. Each side blamed the other.
    (SFC, 8/22/01, p.A10)

2001        Aug 22, NATO members gave formal approval for alliance soldiers to collect weapons from Albanian guerrillas in Macedonia.
    (SFC, 8/23/01, p.A8)

2001        Aug 23, NATO soldiers streamed into Macedonia as part of a mission to help end 6 months of ethnic hostilities by collecting and destroying rebel weapons.
    (AP, 8/23/02)

2001        Aug 24, Rebels agreed to hand over some 3,000 weapons. The government had earlier charged that the rebels had 85,000 weapons.
    (SFC, 8/25/01, p.A8)

2001        Aug 26, An explosion at a hotel in Celopek killed 2 Macedonian Slavs.
    (SFC, 8/27/01, p.A6)

2001        Aug 27, In Macedonia NATO troops began collecting rebel weapons and one British soldier was killed when a suspected block of concrete was thrown at his vehicle by Macedonian youths.
    (SFC, 8/28/01, p.A6)(WSJ, 8/28/01, p.A1)

2001        Aug 30, NATO troops suspended arms collections to await a parliamentary vote on proceeding forward with the peace accord.
    (SFC, 9/1/01, p.A7)

2001        Sep 9, EU foreign ministers agreed on the need for a new int’l. military force to provide security in Macedonia after NATO withdrawal.
    (SFC, 9/10/01, p.B1)

2001        Sep 17, Macedonia approved the deployment of a modest NATO security force.
    (WSJ, 9/18/01, p.A1)

2001        Sep 20, NATO troops began the 3rd stage of Essential Harvest.
    (SFC, 9/21/01, p.D3)

2001        Sep 25, NATO agreed to keep troops in Macedonia beyond the Sep 26 expiration of its mission.
    (WSJ, 9/26/01, p.A1)

2001        Sep 27, Ethnic Albanian rebels declared that they had formally disbanded and were returning to civilian life.
    (SFC, 9/28/01, p.D4)

2001        Oct 4, Macedonian security forces, in opposition to external warnings, took control of 3 ethnic Albanian villages but met with resistance from others.
    (SFC, 10/5/01, p.D4)

2001        Oct 9, Macedonia decreed amnesty for rebels.
    (WSJ, 10/10/01, p.A1)

2001        Oct 11, Police found a cache of arms in an area held by ethnic Albanian rebels.
    (WSJ, 10/12/01, p.A1)

2001        Oct 21, In Macedonia Pres. Boris Trajkovski approved a plan to deploy ethnically mixed police units in areas that had been seized by ethnic Albanian revels.
    (SFC, 10/22/01, p.B2)

2001        Nov 12, Three policemen were killed in fighting following the seizure of hostages by ethnic Albanians near Tetovo in response to a police raid.
    (WSJ, 11/13/01, p.A1)

2001        Nov 16, The parliament adopted constitutional changes giving ethnic minority Albanians more rights.
    (SFC, 11/17/01, p.A17)

2002        Mar 2-3, Macedonia police killed 7 men who allegedly attempted an ambush near Butel, a suburb of Skopje. Police said the attackers were probably Pakistanis. Foreign officials later discounted these assertions and suspected that they were illegal immigrants. A 2 year investigation followed in the so-called "Rastanski Lozja" action, and revealed police staged the killing to show they were participating in the U.S.-led campaign against terrorism. A bomb blast at the Macedonia consulate in Karachi on Dec 5, 2002, killed 3 people in apparent retaliation.
    (SSFC, 3/3/02, p.A15)(WSJ, 3/8/02, p.A8)(SFC, 4/5/02, p.H1)(AP, 4/30/04)(SFC, 5/1/04, p.A7)

2002        Aug 29, In western Macedonia police killed two ethnic Albanians after gunmen abducted at least five people from a bus, as tension soared. The 5 abducted people were released after 2 days.
    (AP, 8/30/02)(AP, 8/31/02)

2002        Sep 14, In Macedonia an ethnic Albanian was killed and two were wounded in a clash with police, as tensions soared on the eve of key elections.
    (AP, 9/14/02)

2002        Sep 15, Voters chose candidates for the 120-seat assembly from 30 parties. The Macedonian side was led by the center-right VMRO party, which rules in a coalition with the Democratic Party of Albanians, and the formerly communist Social Democrats, which was well ahead of the VMRO in pre-election polls. Ethnic Albanians were represented mainly by the DPA and the Democratic Union for Integration, a new party led by former rebel leader Ali Ahmeti, which was leading among ethnic Albanian parties in pre-election polls.
    (AP, 9/15/02)
2002        Sep 15, In Macedonia the opposition led by Branko Crvenkovski swept the ruling coalition from power in the country's first elections since last year's armed uprising. Premier Ljubco Georgievski confirmed the nationalists’ defeat.
    (AP, 9/16/02)(WSJ, 9/16/02, p.A1)

2002        Dec 5, In Pakistan a bomb exploded at the Macedonian Consulate and 3 people were killed. Revenge for a Mar 2 killing of 7 militants in Skopje was suspected.
    (SFC, 12/6/02, p.A16)

2003        Mar 31, In Macedonia the EU began its first military operation by taking over peacekeeping duties from NATO.
    (AP, 3/31/03)

2003        Sep 7, Macedonian police clashed with ethnic Albanian militants in the volatile north, and reported killing several men in what they said was a major sweep against groups that threaten the Balkan country's fragile peace.
    (AP, 9/7/03)

2003        Nov 1, Macedonia launched a lottery to reduce the number of light arms held by the public. An amnesty for turning in arms was set to expire Dec 15.
    (SSFC, 12/14/03, p.A14)

2003        Dec 31, Security forces boarded a bus in Macedonia and snatched a German citizen named Khaled el-Masri (b.1963). For the next five months, el-Masri was a ghost. Only a select group of CIA officers knew he had been whisked to a secret prison for interrogation in Afghanistan. He was the wrong guy. El-Masri was dumped in Albania in a remote hillside on May 28, 2004, without explanation or apology. Five months later Germany withdrew warrants for the arrest of 13 CIA agents. In 2012 el-Masri took his case to Europe’s human rights court.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khalid_El-Masri)(AP, 2/9/11)(SSFC, 3/6/11, p.F6)(SFC, 5/17/12, p.A4)

2004        Feb 26, Macedonian President Boris Trajkovski, a moderate leader who helped unite his ethnically divided country, was killed when his plane crashed in bad weather in mountainous southern Bosnia.
    (AP, 2/26/04)

2004        Apr 14, Macedonians voted to replace the president who was killed in a February plane crash.
    (AP, 4/14/04)

2004        Apr 15, Branko Crvenkovski, Macedonia's PM, took the lead in elections to replace the president who died in a plane crash, but he didn't get enough votes to avoid a runoff.
    (AP, 4/15/04)

2004        Apr 28, Macedonians chose between a liberal prime minister and a nationalist candidate in presidential elections. Front-runner Branko Crvenkovski, the current PM, and right-wing opposition politician Sasko Kedev, a U.S.-educated doctor with little political background, competed in the runoff election for the mostly ceremonial post. Oremier Crvenkovski claimed victory and Kedev claimed fraud.
    (AP, 4/28/04)(WSJ, 4/29/04, p.A1)

2004        Oct 18, A militant group in Iraq said it had executed two Macedonian men accused of spying for the US. Macedonia has 32 soldiers stationed in Taji, north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/18/04)

2004        Nov 4, Greece sharply protested a US decision to recognize the former Yugoslav state on its northern border as "Macedonia."
    (AP, 11/4/04)

2004        Nov 7, In Macedonia voters cast ballots on a referendum that would repeal a Western-brokered law that effectively grants local autonomy to the country's ethnic Albanians. The referendum fell short of a required 50% turnout.
    (AP, 11/7/04)(WSJ, 11/8/04, p.A1)

2004        Nov 10, Macedonia politicians gathered at Lake Ohrid to recommit themselves to a reconciliation process begun there in 2001.
    (Econ, 11/13/04, p.57)

2004        Nov 15, Macedonia’s PM Hari Kostov resigned over disagreements with ethnic Albanian coalition partners.
    (SFC, 11/16/04, p.A3)

2004        Nov 18, The Macedonian parliament accepted the resignation of PM Hari Kostov and his cabinet, leaving President Branko Crvenkovski 10 days to select a new premier.
    (AFP, 11/18/04)

2004        Dec 28, Albania, Bulgaria and Macedonia gave political support to a $1.2 billion private trans-Balkan pipeline that will allow Russian and Caspian crude oil to avoid Turkish waters.
    (WSJ, 12/29/04, p.A7)

2005        Mar 14, The Hague tribunal indicted former Macedonian Interior Minister Ljube Boskovski for war crimes.
    (AP, 3/14/05)

2005        Mar 27, Macedonians cast ballots in municipal elections, but the voting was marred by irregularities that could potentially harm the country's ambitions to join NATO and the EU.
    (AP, 3/27/05)

2005        Jul 27, Bishop Jovan Vraniskovski in Skopje, Macedonia, was sentenced to at least 18 months in jail for “instigating national and religious hatred."
    (Econ, 9/10/05, p.50)

2005        Dec 17, Macedonia moved a step closer to realizing its dream of EU membership when the bloc's leaders gave their blessing for it to start membership talks.
    (AFP, 12/17/05)

2006        Feb 16, In southern Iraq 2 Macedonians working for a cleaning company were abducted in Basra. A $1 million ransom was demanded for their release.
    (AP, 2/18/06)

2006        May 7, Vice President Dick Cheney endorsed the NATO membership aspirations of Croatia, Albania and Macedonia.
    (AP, 5/7/06)

2006        Jul 5, Macedonia held parliamentary elections. President Branko Crvenkovski urged a free and fair vote in a country struggling to ease tensions between majority Macedonian Slavs and the ethnic Albanian minority, which makes up about a quarter of the nation's population.
    (AP, 7/6/06)

2006        Jul 6, PM Vlado Buckovski conceded defeat to the nationalist opposition in Macedonia's parliamentary elections, a vote considered crucial for the tiny Balkan nation's aspirations to join the EU and NATO. Nikola Gruevski led the winning VMRO-DPMNE party.
    (AP, 7/6/06)

2006        Aug, In Macedonia within 3 days of the new government taking office as many as 544 managers and top officials from state companies were sacked or shunted aside.
    (Econ, 10/21/06, p.62)

2007        Macedonia renamed Skopje airport for Alexander the Great.
    (Econ, 4/4/09, p.55)

2008        Jan 12, A Macedonian Army helicopter returning from a peacekeeping mission in Bosnia crashed in foggy conditions, killing all 11 people on board.
    (AP, 1/13/08)

2008        Apr 12, Macedonia's lawmakers voted to dissolve parliament and hold early elections, following a dispute with neighboring Greece that halted the Balkan nation's bid to join NATO.
    (AP, 4/12/08)

2008        Jun 1, Macedonia's parliamentary election was marred by violence in Albanian areas and suspected fraud, with one person shot dead and nine wounded, and voting halted in one town after a gun battle. PM Nikola Gruevski scored an overwhelming election victory but monitors criticized violence that marred the poll and could delay the country's progress towards EU membership. The government said it will repeat voting in 22 poling stations that were shut down due to shootings or alleged ballot fraud.
    (Reuters, 6/1/08)(Reuters, 6/2/08)(WSJ, 6/2/08, p.A10)

2008        Jun 7, Macedonia’s State Election Commission announced it would nullify results from 193 polling stations after detecting fraud and other irregularities in the June 1 violence-marred parliamentary election.
    (AP, 6/8/08)

2008        Jun 15, A peaceful repeat vote at dozens of polling stations in Macedonia confirmed the ruling coalition's landslide victory in parliamentary elections that had initially been marred by violence.
    (AP, 6/15/08)

2008        Jun 23, Vlado Taneski (56), a Macedonian journalist jailed on suspicion of murdering at least two women in crimes he wrote about for his newspaper, was found dead in his cell.
    (AP, 6/23/08)

2008        Jul 5, Macedonia’s leading party said PM Nikola Gruevski has agreed to form a coalition government with the main ethnic Albanian party to aim at getting its NATO and EU bids back on track.
    (Reuters, 7/5/08)

2008        Jul 17, Macedonia's main opposition party walked out of parliament after its deputy leader was arrested and charged in a corruption probe.
    (AP, 7/18/08)

2008        Oct 9, Montenegro and Macedonia recognized Kosovo's independence, despite opposition from Serbia, which called the moves by its Balkan neighbors a betrayal and expelled the Montenegrin ambassador from Belgrade.
    (AP, 10/9/08)

2008        Oct 10, Serbia expelled the Macedonian ambassador, reflecting its fury over the recognition of Kosovo's independence by its closest neighbors.
    (AP, 10/10/08)

2008        The population of Macedonia was about 2 million with about a quarter of them being ethnic Albanian.
    (Econ, 6/7/08, p.64)

2009        Jan 6, A natural gas crisis loomed over Europe, as a contract dispute between Russia and Ukraine shut off Russian gas supplies to six countries and reduced gas deliveries to several others. Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia, Romania, Croatia and Turkey all reported a halt in gas shipments.
    (AP, 1/6/09)

2009        Mar 22, Macedonia held elections. The governing party's Gjorgje Ivanov (49) emerged as favorite to win the presidency in an April 5 runoff vote against 51-year-old Social Democrat Ljubomir Frckoski.
    (AP, 3/23/09)

2009        Apr 5, Macedonia’s conservative candidate Gjorgje Ivanov (49) won the runoff election in a landslide with about two-thirds of the popular vote.
    (WSJ, 4/6/09, p.A8)

2009        Sep 5, The sightseeing boat Ilinden, carrying 55 Bulgarian tourists, sank in Lake Ohrid on Macedonia's western border, and 15 people drowned.
    (AP, 9/5/09)(AFP, 9/6/09)

2009        Oct 16, Kosovo's authorities said they have demarcated a disputed border with Macedonia, a scene of tensions in the past.
    (AP, 10/16/09)

2009        Nov 30, The EU Council of Ministers for Interior and Justice abolished visa requirements for citizens of the Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, and Serbia.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schengen_Area#Current)

2009        Dec 19, The European Union opened its borders unrestricted to more than ten million Serbs, Montenegrins and Macedonians after nearly 20 years, a major boost for the troubled region's hopes for closer ties with the 27-nation bloc.
    (AP, 12/19/09)

2010        May 12, Macedonian police said a shootout between police and an armed group near the country's border with Kosovo has left four people dead. Police had intercepted them attempting to smuggle weapons across the border from Kosovo.
    (AP, 5/12/10)

2010        Jun 25, Macedonian authorities said they have broken up an antiquities smuggling ring and recovered thousands of valuable artifacts. Police charged 2 police officers and a former mayor with attempting to sell antiquities abroad.
    (SFC, 6/26/10, p.A2)

2010        Nov 25, Macedonia police raided the building housing A1 television, a private channel often critical of PM Gruevski’s government.
    (Econ, 2/26/11, p.57)(www.youtube.com/watch?v=NP0jAsK9sog)

2010        Dec 24,  Macedonia police arrested Vellija Ramkovski and 14 employees of his private A1 television channel. The channel has often critical of PM Gruevski’s government.
    (http://tinyurl.com/46rkkat)

2010        Macedonia’s MAT airline went bankrupt.
    (Econ, 5/19/12, p.73)

2011        Feb 13, In Macedonia ethnic clashes, mainly Muslim ethnic Albanians and orthodox Christians, broke out at the historic Kale Fortress in a dispute over a new structure being built on the foundations of a 13th-century church. 8 people were injured.
    (AP, 2/16/11)

2011        Mar 10, Macedonia opened a new Holocaust Memorial Center dedicated to the Holocaust and its Jewish community, which was almost wiped out during WWII.
    (Econ, 7/16/11, p.88)(http://tinyurl.com/3uflkpj)

2011        Jun 5, Macedonians voted in early general elections that many hope will move the country closer to EU membership and NATO entry, stalled by a name row with Greece. Conservative PM Nikola Gruevski won but would need to form a coalition to govern for 4 more years.
    (AFP, 6/5/11)(SFC, 6/7/11, p.A2)

2011        Nov 25, The Chinese government donated a gift of 23 buses during a ceremony in Macedonia's capital. News of the donation ignited a torrent of criticism. Many asked: How could China make the donation to a foreign country when Chinese schools contend with shoddy transport?
    (AP, 11/28/11)

2011        Dec 5, The world court ruled that Greece was wrong to block Macedonia's bid to join NATO in 2008 because of a long-running dispute over the fledgling country's use of the name Macedonia.
    (AP, 12/5/11)

2012        Jan 1, Kiro Gligorov (94), the first democratically elected president of Macedonia, died. He shepherded his nation through a bloodless secession from the former Yugoslavia and narrowly survived an assassination attempt.
    (AP, 1/2/12)

2012        Apr 8, In Macedonia 5 Christian fishermen were killed in a lake near Skopje. In 2014 a court convicted six Muslim men of the murders in an alleged plot to destabilize the country, and sentenced them to life imprisonment.
    (AP, 6/30/14)

2012        Dec 13, The European Court of Human Rights ruled in favor of Khaled El-Masri, a German man, who says the CIA illegally kidnapped him and took him to a secret prison in Afghanistan in 2003. It said the government of Macedonia violated El-Masri's rights repeatedly and ordered it to pay €60,000 in damages.
    (AP, 12/13/12)

2012        The population of Macedonia was about 2.1 million, of which about a quarter consisted of ethnic Albanians.
    (Econ, 4/14/12, p.62)

2013        Mar 1, Ethnic Macedonians kicked off the protests in Skopje, angry at the appointment of an ethnic Albanian defense minister, a former rebel commander during the 2001 conflict that pitted the country's two main ethnic groups against each other.
    (AP, 3/3/13)

2013        Mar 2, Violent ethnic riots rattled Macedonia's capital, culminating with hundreds raging through the city center, clashing with police, overturning cars and attacking a bus station. At least 22 people were injured, 13 of them police officers.
    (AP, 3/2/13)

2013        Mar 24, In Macedonia the coalition "For a better Macedonia," led by PM Nikola Gruevski's VMRO-DPMNE party, won 43 of the country's 81 communities in the first round of elections. Social Democrat leader Branko Crvenkovski, head of the left-wing opposition and a former president, said the elections "were not free and fair.
    (AP, 3/25/13)

2013        Sep 9, Kosovo officials said they have banned the import of all products from neighboring Macedonia, in a tit-for-tat trade dispute that could cost Macedonian producers one of their most lucrative markets. A day earlier Skopje said it would impose fees on all Kosovo citizens entering Macedonia.
    (Reuters, 9/9/13)

2013        Sep 10, Macedonian truck drivers blocked the main border crossing with Kosovo in a deepening trade row between the Balkan neighbors that hurt Macedonian producers in one of their biggest markets.
    (Reuters, 9/10/13)

2013        Sep 15, Goods from Kosovo and Macedonia crossed their border, ending a trade dispute that closed the frontier between the Balkan neighbors to goods and vehicles for six days.
    (Reuters, 9/15/13)

2014        Feb 3, Macedonia's parliament adopted a bill imposing chemical castration on repeat offenders convicted of sexually abusing children. On Feb 5 the country's leading child protection group said that the law is still too lenient.
    (AP, 2/5/14)

2014        Feb 16, In Macedonia an explosion wounded five Roma children in western town of Tetovo. Three people were soon detained in the case.
    (AP, 2/17/14)

2014        Mar 6, Macedonia formally set April 27 as the date of the country's early parliamentary election, which was forced after government coalition partners failed to agree on a presidential candidate.
    (AP, 3/6/14)

2014        Mar 7, Macedonian police said they have arrested 13 people, including the head of a customs office at the Macedonia-Bulgaria border crossing, on suspicion of participating in a ring smuggling designer clothing from Greece and Bulgaria.
    (AP, 3/7/14)

2014        Apr 13, Macedonians voted for a new president in a poll seen as a test for the ruling party ahead of general elections later this month in the EU candidate country.
    (AFP, 4/13/14)

2014        Apr 27, Polls opened for Macedonia's double election, a presidential election runoff and snap national elections. PM Nikola Gruevski's ruling center-right party won its fourth consecutive general election victory, but looked likely to fall just short of gaining an outright majority. The main opposition Social Democrats refused to recognize the result.
    (AP, 4/27/14)(AP, 4/28/14)

2014        May 20, Macedonian police said they have detained 18 people following overnight riots in Skopje sparked by the fatal stabbing of a Macedonian teenager by an Albanian bicycle thief. Police arrested a 19-year-old suspect for the slaying.
    (AP, 5/20/14)

2014        Jun 30, A Macedonian court convicted six Muslim men of murdering five Christian fishermen in a lake near the capital Skopje on Easter, 2012, in an alleged plot to destabilize the country, and sentenced them to life imprisonment. Two of the defendants were tried in absentia, because they are serving jail terms in neighboring Kosovo over illegal weapons charges. A seventh suspect was acquitted.
    (AP, 6/30/14)

2014        Jul 4, Macedonian police fired teargas and stun grenades in clashes with around 2,000 ethnic Albanians who took to the streets of the capital to protest against the jailing of six people for murder and terrorism.
    (Reuters, 7/4/14)

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