49 The Puyo tribe, living along
the Sungari River in Manchuria, had their chief recognized as a wang
(king) by the Chinese. Koguryo developed into a state during the
long reign of Taejo that began four years later.
244 The Chinese state of Wei
sent a force of 20,000 and took the Koguryo capital while the Puyo
made an alliance by supplying the Chinese troops.
1900 Nov 9, Russia completed
its occupation of Manchuria.
1900 Greeks from the island of
Kefalonia began to migrate to Manchuria after 1900 and flourished in
the liquor and property business. Their world collapsed in 12949
when the Communists took power.
(Econ, 8/23/08, p.52)
1904 Feb 4, Russia offered
Korea to Japan and defended its right to occupy Manchuria.
1904 Feb 6, Japan's foreign
minister severed all ties with Russia, citing delaying tactics in
negotiations over Manchuria.
1905 Jan 27, Russian General
Kuropatkin took the offensive in Manchuria. The Japanese under
General Oyama suffered heavy casualties.
1905 Feb 27, Japanese pushed
Russians back in Manchuria, and cross the Sha River.
1905 Mar 5, Russians began to
retreat from Mukden in Manchuria.
1907 Mar 22, Russians troops
completed the evacuation of Manchuria in the face of advancing
(HN, 3/22/97)(AP, Internet, 3/22/99)
1909 Oct 26, Hirobumi Ito
(b.1841), Japan’s resident general in Seoul, was gunned down in
Harbin in Russian-controlled Manchuria by Korean nationalist Chang
Ahn Gun (aka Ahn Jung-geun).
1909 In the Kando convention
Japan gave China a chunk of Korean Manchuria in return for
(Econ, 3/31/07, SR p.8)
1910 Jan 21, Japan rejected the
American proposal to neutralize ownership of the Manchurian Railway.
1928 Jun 3, Manchurian warlord
Chian Tso-Lin died as a result of a bomb blast set off by the
Japanese, who were planning to invade and claim Manchuria.
1928 The Japanese army
unilaterally instigated armed clashes in China's Manchuria region to
justify full-scale intervention.
1929 Sep 21, Fighting between
China and the Soviet Union broke out along the Manchurian border.
1929 Nov 18, Stalin sent troops
1929 Dec 22, Soviet troops left
Manchuria after a truce was reached with the Chinese over the
Eastern Railway dispute.
1931 Sep 18-1931 Sep 19, The
Mukden Incident was initiated by the Japanese Kwangtung Army in
Mukden. It involved an explosion along the Japanese-controlled South
Manchurian Railway. It was soon followed by the Japanese invasion of
Manchuria and the eventual establishment of the Japanese-dominated
state of Manchukuo. The neutrality of the area, and the ability of
Japan to defend its colony in Korea, was threatened in the 1920s by
efforts at unification of China. Within three months Japanese troops
had spread out throughout Manchuria. The occupation ended at the
conclusion of the Second World War in 1945.
1931 Sep 19, Japan invaded
Manchuria and established a puppet state called Manchukuo, which
lasted until the end of WWII. Nobosuke Kishi, later PM of Japan,
oversaw the development of Japanese-occupied Manchuria in the 1930s.
(SSFC, 9/23/12, p.A4)(Econ, 5/18/13, p.26)
1931 Nov 20, Japan and China
rejected the League of Council terms for Manchuria at Geneva.
1931 Ten years of comparative
peace ended when Japan attacked and seized Manchuria to ensure
a supply of natural resources. The Japanese army invaded Manchuria
without its own government's consent.
(TMC, 1994, p.1931)(SFC, 7/18/96, p.E6)(Jap.
Enc., BLDM, p. 216)(SFC, 12/2/97, p.A22)(HN, 2/18/98)
1932 Jan 2, Japanese forces in
Manchuria set up a puppet government known as Manchukuo.
1932 Feb 18, Manchurian
independence was formally declared.
1932 Mar 9, Former Chinese
emperor Henry Pu-Yi was installed as head of Manchuria.
1932-1945 In 1994 Sheldon Harris (d.2002) authored
“Factories of Death: Japanese Biological Warfare, 1932-1945, and the
American Cover-Up." It was about Japanese medical units in Manchuria
that engaged in horrific warfare experiments on humans.
(SFEC, 12/1/96, p.C4)(SFC, 9/9/02, p.A22)
1933 Feb 24, League of Nations
told the Japanese to pull out of Manchuria.
1934 Mar 1, Henry Pu Yi was
crowned emperor Kang Teh of Manchuria.
1935 Jan 31, The Soviet premier
told Japan to get out of Manchuria.
1935 Sep 1, Seiji Ozawa,
conductor (Boston Symphony Orchestra), was born in Hoten, Manchuria
(now Shenyang, Liaoning, China).
1939 May, In Manchuria a
Japanese punitive attack failed and combined Soviet and Mongolian
forces wiped out a 200-man Japanese unit. This marked the beginning
of the conflict called the Nomonhan Incident by Japanese, the Battle
of Khalkhin Gol by Russians. Gen. Georgy Zhukov destroyed the
(http://tinyurl.com/ml2j3oh)(Econ, 11/7/15, p.79)
1939 Aug, The Soviet Union and
Japan fought a massive tank battle at Khalkhin-Gol on the Mongolian
border. It was the largest armored battle in the world until that
point. By the end of the month the Soviets claimed victory over the
Japanese army at the Khalkhyn Gol river. This helped fend off a
possible Japanese invasion of Russia with Nazi Germany in 1941.
1939 Sep 15, The Soviet Union
and Japan agreed to a cease-fire in Manchuria (later Mongolia),
which took effect the following day.
1942 Sep, More than 400
villagers died of bubonic plague in China’s eastern Zhejiang
province after Japanese warplanes of medical Unit 731 dropped germ
bombs. Unit 731 was stationed on the outskirts of Harbin, China,
until the Soviet Union entered the war. The unit deposited typhus
into the water supply flowing into Manchuria.
(SFEC, 12/8/96, p.C8)(SFC, 8/30/97, p.A12)(SFC,
1945 Aug 16, Lieutenant General
Jonathan Wainwright, who was taken prisoner by the Japanese on
Corregidor on May 6, 1942, was released from a POW camp in Manchuria
by U.S. troops.
1945 Aug, In Manchuria some 1
million Japanese civilians were stranded as the war ended. An
estimated 179,000 are thought to have died trying to get back to
(Econ, 8/15/15, p.37)
1948 May 23, China’s People's
Liberation Army began to encircle the Nationalist defenders in
Changchun, while cutting off air transportation. The siege lasted
for 150 days and ended when the People's Liberation Army under Gen.
Lin Biao entered Changchun after the Nationalist 60th Army and New
7th Army surrendered. Some 160,000 civilians died, mainly of hunger,
trapped in a killing zone outside the city walls.
1948 Nov 1, During the Chinese Civil War
(1945-1949) Mao's Red army conquered Mukden, Manchuria.
(DoW, 1999, p.113)
1949 The Russians, having
liberated Manchuria from the Japanese, handed the key industrial
base over to the Chinese communists.
(Econ, 5/28/05, p.83)
1951 Aug 6, Typhoon floods
killed 4,800 in Manchuria.
1952 Nov 29, John T. Downey
(22) and Richard G. Fecteau (25), CIA spies, were shot down over
Manchuria and captured by the Chinese. The 2 men spent 20 years in a
(SFC, 7/3/98, p.A11)
1996 Harbin is the capital of
the rich agricultural and coal region of Hailongjiang Province,
formerly know as Manchuria.
(Hem., 2/96, p.117)