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Timeline Mexico 1998-2002

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1998        Jan 2, Judge Maria Claudia Campuzano freed 5 suspects who were held in connection with the Dec 15 murder of John Peter Zarate. The judge claimed conflicting evidence as grounds for the release.
    (SFC, 1/6/98, p.A10)

1998        Jan 5, Francisco Labastida took over as the chief of internal security after Emilio Chuayffet resigned under pressure from the Chiapas massacre.
    (SFC, 1/5/98, p.A10)

1998        Jan 7, Chiapas Gov. Julio Cesar Ruiz Ferro submitted his resignation due to the massacre in Acteal.
    (SFC, 1/8/98, p.A12)

1998        Jan 12, Chiapas state police opened fire on stone-throwing Indian protestors and 1 woman was killed and 2 others wounded. The government said the army arrested 27 state police at the site of the shooting near Ocosingo. Separately Chiapas state police commander Felipe Vazquez Espinosa was indicted for helping arm the paramilitary gunmen of the Acteal massacre.
    (SFC, 1/13/98, p.A10)

1998        Jan 24, Former Gen’l. Jorge Maldonado Vega was arrested for allegedly trying to arrange a pact between two of the largest drug cartels. Captain Rigoberto Silva Ortega was also charged.
    (SFC, 1/26/98, p.B12)

1998        Jan 28, Rubicel Ruiz Gamboa, a peasant organizer in Ocosingo, was gunned down in an ambush.
    (SFEC, 2/1/98, p.A22)

1998        Jan 28, Federal police in Guerrero came upon the anti-kidnapping squad of Morelos with the tortured body of a 17-year-old member of a kidnapping gang. They suspected that the body was to be dumped and arrested the state officers that included Armando Martinez Salgado, chief of the squad.
    (SFC, 2/10/98, p.A10)

1998        Jan 31, Three Indian villagers were found hanged in the Chiapas town of Ocosingo. Also Antonio Gomez Flores, an Ocosingo peasant leader, died when a truck smashed into his car as he left the funeral of Rubicel Ruiz Gamboa.
    (SFEC, 2/1/98, p.A22)

1998        Feb 9, It was reported that flash floods in Tijuana killed at least 13 people.
    (WSJ, 2/9/98, p.A1)

1998        Feb, In Guadalajara Moises Padilla (33) was kidnapped and tortured with knives. He was left naked and bleeding with 68 wounds and told to "Stop saying bad things about the Servant of God." Padilla was a principal witness in charges against Samuel Joaquin Flores and his evangelical group the Light of the World."
    (SFC, 2/19/98, p.A8,10)

1998        Feb 26, The US certified Mexico as a fully cooperating partner in the war on drugs.
    (SFC, 2/27/98, p.A18)

1998        Feb, Rodolfo Montiel and Bautista Martinez helped form the Organization of Peasant Ecologists of the Sierra of Petatlan and Coyuca de Catalan to stop logging and prevent consequent erosion.
    (SFC, 6/1/00, p.C4)

1998        Mar 3, Senator Layda Sansores discovered a government spy center in Campeche. 22 similar operations throughout the country were indicated by the records found.
    (SFC, 4/13/98, p.A11)

1998        Mar 5, In Chiapas 46 prison inmates escaped after a labor group of taxi drivers marched into the Ocosingo jail in a protest demanding the release of some inmates and the withdrawal of government troops.
    (SFC, 3/6/98, p.A13)

1998        Mar 14, The book "Utopia Unarmed: The Latin American Left After the Cold War" by Mexican scholar Jorge Castaneda was mentioned in connection with the recent death of Manuel Pineiro, spymaster of Cuba.
    (SFC, 3/14/98, p.A19)

1998        Mar 20, A new law, the Nationality Act, went into effect that allowed Mexican-born Americans and their children to hold Mexican nationality and US citizenship. The law permitted dual nationality but not dual citizenship.
    (SFC, 3/21/98, p.A10)

1998        Mar 22, In Tijuana the national independent union, STIMAHCS, representing the workers of the Han Young auto parts factory, warned the company of a pending strike if negotiations were not fruitful.
    (SFC, 6/2/98, p.A10)

1998        Mar 26, A mob in Huejutla lynched 2 suspected kidnappers after a judge ordered the 2 men freed on $600 bail. 30 residents were arrested in the lynching.
    (SFC, 3/27/98, p.A14)

1998        Mar 27, Adrian Carrera Fuentes, former director of the Federal Judicial Police, was arrested on charges of being on the payroll of the Arellano Felix drug gang.
    (SFC, 3/28/98, p.A9)

1998        Mar 29, Carol Janet Schlosberg, an American artist, was raped and beaten at Puerto Escondido. She was tossed into the Pacific and drowned. In 1999 Cirilo Olivera Lopez and Rosendo Marquez Gutierrez were convicted and sentenced to 40 years in prison.
    (SFC, 10/7/99, p.C2)

1998        Mar, Pres. Zedillo issued a revised proposal of the 1996 San Andres Larrainzar accord on autonomy for indigenous people.
    (SFC, 5/11/98, p.A8)

1998        Mar, Saudi Arabia, Venezuela and Mexico began talking to reduce oil output. They pledged to take 2-3% of the world’s oil production off the market in what came to be called the Riyadh Pact.
    (WSJ, 6/23/98, p.A1)

1998        Apr 12, Authorities expelled 12 foreigners from Chiapas state saying they had engaged in activity in support of the Zapatista rebels. Two int’l. news photographers were beaten and police attempted to confiscate their film as they boarded a plane for Mexico City. The expelled group reported that they had witnessed a military operation to shut down a town council in Taniperlas, that was raided the previous day by 750 police and troops.
    (SFC, 4/13/98, p.A10)(SFC, 4/14/98, p.C12)

1998        Apr 19, Octavio Paz (84), poet and essayist, died of cancer. His work included "The Labyrinth of Solitude" and the poem "Sun Stone."
    (SFC, 4/20/98, p.A17)(SFC, 4/21/98, p.A12)

1998        Apr 25, It was reported that an average of 20 tourists were attacked each day in Mexico City.
    (SFC, 4/25/98, p.A8)

1998        May 5, A forest fire killed 19 firefighters and left 12 missing.
    (WSJ, 5/6/98, p.A1)

1998        May 8, Immigration authorities put a limit on human rights delegations to Chiapas. Groups of 10 people would only be allowed to stay 10 days.
    (SFC, 5/9/98, p.A12)

1998        May 11, Mexico expelled 40 Italian human-rights activists, labeled as professional provocateurs, who spent 9 days in Chiapas and banned them from returning.
    (WSJ, 5/12/98, p.A1)

1998        May 13, Impeachment procedures began for Jorge Carrillo Olea, governor of Morelos state.
    (SFEC, 5/17/98, p.A22)

1998        May 17, Mexico continued to suffer in its worst drought in 70 years. Some 50 people were reported to have died fighting fires caused by peasants clearing their fields.
    (SFC, 5/18/98, p.A10)

1998        May 18, The US Customs Service ended a 3-year sting operation with the indictment of 3 Mexican banks and 107 people on charges of laundering millions of dollars for drug-smuggling cartels.
    (SFC, 5/19/98, p.A1)

1998        May 21, In Cuernavaca, Mexico, police arrested the wife, son, daughter and daughter-in-law of kidnapper Daniel Arizmendi Lopez. He was wanted for carrying out at least 18 bold and brutal kidnappings since 1996.
    (SFEC, 5/31/98, p.A24)

1998        May 22, In Tijuana the workers of the Han Young auto parts factory went on strike. An attempted strike break and political maneuverings by the company were unsuccessful and the case was to be put before a judge.
    (SFC, 6/2/98, p.A10)

1998        May, The CFC began an investigation of the entire cement industry and after more than a year reported no absolute monopolistic behavior. Cement prices in Mexico were higher than in any other major global market.
    (WSJ, 4/21/02, p.A12)

1998        Jun 2, The military leader of an anti-narcotics investigation was kidnapped and beaten by henchmen of Ramon Alcides Magana, aka El Metro. At the same time his office was robbed of evidence linking Yucatan Gov. Mario Villanueva Madrid to El Metro.
    (SFC, 12/14/98, p.C2)

1998        Jun 3, Mexico announced that it would prosecute US customs officials for breaking numerous Mexican laws in the undercover Casablanca operation that was announced May 18.
    (SFC, 6/4/98, p.A3)

1998        Jun 3, Chiapas Gov. Roberto Albores ordered a thousand police officers and soldiers into the town of Nicolas Ruiz where 141 people were arrested for supporting Zapatista rebels.
    (SFC, 6/4/98, p.A10)

1998        Jun 4, Mexico, Saudi Arabia and Venezuela agreed to cuts in oil production and exports for the 2nd time this year in order to raise prices.
    (WSJ, 6/5/98, p.A2)

1998        Jun 5, In Matamoros Salvador Gomez, a former policeman and drug cartel leader, was arrested.
    (SFC, 6/8/98, p.A12)

1998        Jun 7, Army troops killed 11 leftist rebels of the EPR near Ayutla in Guerrero state. Another 5 were wounded and 21 were arrested. Erika Zamora Pardo, an EPR member, later testified that the guerrillas were shot when they surrendered with their hands up and that 12 were killed. She also testified that civilians trapped in a schoolhouse also tried to surrender, but that soldiers threw a fragmentation grenade in their midst.
    (SFC, 6/8/98, p.A10)(SFC, 6/15/98, p.A14)

1998        Jun 8, Catholic Bishop Samuel Ruiz resigned as chief mediator in peace negotiations with the Zapatista guerrillas. The committee that he led also resigned and accused the government of standing in the way of peace.
    (SFC, 6/9/98, p.A12)

1998        Jun 10, In Mexico 9 people were killed in Chiapas when the army tried to retake control of El Bosque. 52 people were arrested.
    (SFC, 6/11/98, p.A10)

1998        Jun 19, In Mexico the 37th annual US-Mexico Parliamentary Session opened.
    (SFC, 6/22/98, p.A10)

1998        Jun, Adrian Carrera Fuentes, former director of the Federal Judicial Police, was allowed to travel to the US to testify. In Houston he told a grand jury that he had collected nearly $2 million in drug bribes in 1993-1994 and turned the money over to Mario Ruiz Massieu, who fled Mexico in 1995.
    (SFC, 7/15/98, p.A8)

1998        Jul 5, Voters in Mexico elected governors in 10 states. The PRI won in Chihuahua with Patricio Martinez Garcia and in Durango. The PRD won in Zacatecas with Ricardo Monreal.
    (SFC, 7/4/98, p.A8)(SFC, 7/7/98, p.A9)

1998        Jul 7, Mexican courts ordered the attorney general’s office to rehire more than half the 826 agents dismissed 6 months ago for failed drug tests and alleged corruption.
    (SFC, 7/10/98, p.A16)

1998        Jul 13, In Chiapas a technical junior high school in Oventic was inaugurated by Comandante Ezequiel and Peter Brown of the US. Brown was deported 2 weeks later for violating Mexican laws, i.e. building a school on a tourist visa.
    (SFEC, 7/26/98, p.A18)

1998        Jul 23, Three girls escaped capture by police in Mexico City. They had been held for 4 days and the two youngest were repeatedly raped. Sixteen officers were later arrested.
    (SFC, 7/28/98, p.A8)

1998        Aug 2, Felipe Gonzalez of the National Action (PAN) led the lections in Aguascalientes.
    (SFC, 8/3/98,  p.A8)

1998        Aug 3, It was reported that Mexico’s bill for preventing the collapse of its banking system in 1995 was up to $65 billion.
    (SFC, 8/3/98,  p.A1)

1998        Aug 12, Vincente Fox, governor of Guanajuato, announced plans to run for president in the year 2000 and to have every one of his state’s 4,500 communities provided with potable water, sewers, electricity, telephones and health services within a half hour for everyone.
    (SFC, 8/14/98, p.A10)

1998        Aug 18, Near Mexico City police nabbed Daniel Arizmendi (39) and 9 others. Arizmendi was the leader of a kidnapping gang that sent the ears of victims to their families to pressure for ransom.
    (SFC, 8/19/98, p.A12)

1998        Aug 22, Elena Garro (b. 1920), novelist, playwright and former wife of Octavio Paz, died at age 77. Her foremost novel was "Recuerdos del Porvenir" (Remembrances of the Future).
    (SFEC, 8/23/98, p.D4)

1998        Aug 24, Tropical Storm Charley dropped a foot of rain on South Texas and northern Mexico and left at least 14 people dead and over 60 missing.
    (SFC, 8/25/98, p.A1)

1998        Aug, The Tequila Express Train began running between Guadalajara and Tequila with a $40 round trip charge with complementary drinks.
    (WSJ, 5/12/99, p.A1)

1998        Sep 8, In Mexico a flood in Chiapas left 25 people dead and Gov. Roberto Albores Guillen declared a disaster zone along the Pacific Coast. 6 other people were confirmed dead from flooding in Veracruz and Jalisco.
    (SFC, 9/9/98, p.A9)

1998        Sep 11, The death toll in Chiapas reached over 100 as 20,000 people were forced from their homes due to the flooding from Tropical Storm Javier. the toll grew to 162 and 450,000 were left homeless.
    (SFC, 9/12/98, p.A2,C18)(SFC, 9/18/98, p.A13)

1998        Sep 17, In Ensenada, Mexico, 20 people were shot and 18 were killed by gunmen. The victims included 8 children. Fermin Castro (38), aka "The Ice Man," was the principal target and leader of one of 6 gangs linked to the Arellano Felix drug cartel. Castro, a native Pai Pai Indian, was tortured before being shot and was in a coma. In Dec. Tijuana police arrested Hector Flores Esquivias and Cruz Medina Perez, the wife of gang leader Marinez Gonzalez. In 2008 US immigration officials in Los Angeles arrested Jesus Ruben Moncada (33), believed to be one of the Ensenada gunmen, and turned him over to Mexican authorities.
    (WSJ, 9/18/98, p.A1)(SFC, 9/18/98, p.A1)(SFC, 10/17/98, p.A12)(SFC, 12/5/98, p.A13)(SFC, 8/25/08, p.A3)

1998        Sep 18, A secret, 269 page Swiss report asserted that Raul Salinas assumed control of practically all drug shipments in Mexico in 1988 when his brother became president.
    (SFC, 9/19/98, p.A12)

1998        Sep 28, In central Mexico heavy rains caused mudslides in Mexico City that left 6 people dead in the squatter hillsides south of the city.
    (SFC, 9/29/98, p.A10)

1998        Oct 1, In central Mexico a flooded irrigation canal killed 12 people when it washed away tin and cardboard homes along its banks.
    (SFC, 10/2/98, p.B3)

1998        Oct 4, In Mexico the Indians of San Juan Chamula in Chiapas boycotted the elections in protest for the jailing of 5 men accused of murder. They were jailed a year ago during a dispute between Catholic and Protestant converts.
    (SFC, 10/5/98, p.a10)(SFC, 10/6/98, p.A10)
1998        Oct 4, Hector Teran, governor of Baja California and leader of the opposition National Action Party, died at age 67.
    (SFC, 10/5/98, p.A17)

1998        Oct 10, Gustavo Petricioli Iturbe, a former treasury secretary and ambassador to the US, died at age 70.
    (SFEC, 10/11/98, p.D10)

1998        Oct 13, A gas explosion in Tultepec killed at least 16 people and wounded dozens. The blast was related to the manufacture of illegal fireworks.
    (SFC, 10/14/98, p.A10)

1998        Oct 18, The Zapatista rebels called for talks with the Cocopa group, a multi-party peace commission set up in 1994.
    (SFC, 10/19/98, p.A14)

1998        Oct 20, In Switzerland officials announced that they seized over $90 million from Raul Salinas after an investigations revealed that the money was received for protecting drug shipments. Swiss authorities requested that Britain seize an additional $23.4 million deposited in England.
    (SFC, 10/21/98, p.A10)

1998        Oct 12, A protest was planned at the Mexican border against plans to put low-level radioactive waste at Sierra Blanca in Texas, 16 miles from the border. This appeared to be in violation of the 1983 La Paz Treaty in which the US and Mexico agreed to reduce pollution within 60 miles of their common frontier.
    (SFC, 10/10/98, p.A8)

1998        Oct 22-1998 Nov 9, Hurricane Mitch was one of the Caribbean's deadliest storms ever causing at least at least 9,000 deaths in Central America. The storm hit Honduras, Nicaragua, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, Panama, Jamaica, and Costa Rica. Later reports put the death toll in Honduras to 6,076. In Nicaragua the deaths reached 4,000, in Guatemala it was157, and in El Salvador it was 222. The storm parked over Honduras and rain poured for 6 days straight.  Aid of $66 mil was ordered from the US, $8 mil from the EU, $11.6 mil from Spain along with pledges from other countries and private organizations.
    (SFC, 11/4/98, p.A9)(SFC, 11/6/98, p.A14)(AP, 9/11/04)(www.wunderground.com)   

1998        Nov 8, The PRI led gubernatorial elections in Puebla and Sinaloa but lost in Tlaxcala Alfonso Sanchez Anaya of the leftist Democratic Revolution Party.
    (SFC, 11/10/98, p.A12)

1998        Nov 11, Carlos Cabal Peniche (42), accused of making some $700 million in loans from his banks to companies he owned, was arrested in Melbourne, Australia. He had vanished in 1994 just days before his Grupo Financiera Cremi-Union was seized by the government for fraud and mismanagement.
    (SFC, 11/12/98, p.C18)

1998        Nov 18, Frederick McPhail (27), a graduate student from NYU, was found dead in a car in Mexico City. In 1999 13 current and former police officers were arrested as suspects in a gang that robbed and kidnapped tourists. In 2000 6 former police officers received sentences as long as 98 years for the death of McPhail, whom they robbed and forced to drink a bottle of alcohol.
    (SFC, 2/1/99, p.A7)

1998        Nov 21, It was reported that hundreds of people had been evacuated from villages near Volcan de Fuego, which threatened to erupt within days.
    (SFC, 11/21/98, p.A6)

1998        Nov 23, In Mexico City detectives arrested 44 city officers on charges that included, murder, rape, extortion and abuse of power under orders by Police Chief Alejandro Gertz Manero, who took office in August.
    (SFC, 11/24/98, p.A12)

1998        Dec 14, In Mexico the Senate approved a new law that ended restrictions limiting foreign ownership of the nation’s top banks.
    (SFC, 12/15/98, p.C2)
1998        Dec 14, In Chiapas 11 former officials were barred from holding public office for 10 years for failing to stop the Dec 1997 massacre of 45 unarmed Indians.
    (SFC, 12/15/98, p.C2)

1998        Dec 16, Philip True (50), a reporter for the San Antonio Express-News, was found dead in a remote mountain range between Jalisco and Nayarit states in Mexico. He went hiking the area Nov 29 to photograph and write about the Huichol Indians and apparently fell into a deep ravine. A coroner’s report later indicated that he had been strangled and dropped into the ravine. In 2002 an appeals court overturned the acquittal of 2 Huichol Indians, who were arrested with True’s camera and backpack. In 2005 Robert Rivard authored “Trail of Feathers: Searching for Philip True.”
    (SFC, 12/18/98, p.D6)(SFC, 5/31/02, p.A22)(SSFC, 12/11/05, p.M2)

1998        Dec 18, Fifty military officers marched in Mexico City decrying corruption and injustice and attempted to present Pres. Zedillo a letter calling for reform. The officers called themselves the Patriotic Command to Raise the Consciousness of the People.
    (SFC, 1/18/99, p.A11)

1998        Dec 27, In Mexico 2 Huichol Indians, Juan Chivarrer Lopez and Miguel Hernandez de la Cruz, were arrested for the murder of reporter Philip True.
    (SFC, 12/28/98, p.B1)

1998        Aline Hernandez, former wife of Sergio Andrade, published "To Glory Through Hell," an account of public accusations of sexual abuse of young starlets against pop music star Gloria Trevi and her manager Sergio Andrade.
    (SFC, 8/9/99, p.A9)

1998        Chilean poet Gonzalo Rojas won the Mexican Octavio Paz Prize for poetry and essay writing.
    (SFC, 3/1/99, p.E5)

1998        High lead levels amongst children living near the Met-Mex Penoles silver refinery at Torreon were found. Met-Mex dispatched cleaning equipment and set up a mobile clinic and agreed to put $6.6 million in a trust fund for cleanup and medical costs. The 5,000-worker plant is the world's largest producer of refined silver.
    (SFEC, 5/30/99, p.A24)

1999        Jan 6, In Mexico police chief Alejandro Gertz fired 6 of his top 8 subordinates for failing to reduce crime and corruption.
    (SFC, 1/7/99, p.A10)

1999        Jan 8, In Mexico City 5 dissident army officers of the Patriotic Command to Raise the People's Consciousness were arrested. They had tried to present Pres. Zedillo with a letter on Dec. 18 complaining of abuses of soldiers by army commanders.
    (SFC, 1/9/99, p.A14)(SFC, 1/18/99, p.A11)

1999        Jan 14, Mexican officials authorized the first extradition of a major drug suspect to the US. Jesus Amezcua faced federal indictments for methamphetamine smuggling in California. His brother Adan Amezcua was released from prison on May 19 after a judge found he had committed no crime.
    (SFC, 1/15/99, p.A15)(SFC, 5/20/99, p.A13)

1999        Jan 21, Raul Salinas de Gortari was convicted and sentenced to 50 years for the 1994 assassination of Jose Francisco Ruiz Massieu.
    (SFC, 1/22/99, p.A10)

1999        Jan 22, Pope John Paul II began a 5-day pilgrimage to Mexico and St. Louis. He was greeted by Pres. Zedillo some 2 dozen official sponsors who would help defray the $2 million costs of the 4-day visit.
    (SFC, 1/22/99, p.A1)(SFC, 1/23/99, p.A10)

1999        Jan 25, Abecnego Monje Ortiz (18) was shot in the back by a DEA agent as he crossed the Rio Grande in an inner tube with 14 others near Eagle Pass, Texas. In 2001 the DEA agreed to pay Ortiz $1.75 million to help pay medical costs. The DEA agent was sentenced in 2000 to 15 years in prison.
    (SFC, 2/7/01, p.A14)

1999        Jan 27, In Mexico Jorge Aguirre Meza (39), president of the Sinaloa state bar and a human rights activist, was shot to death in Novalato.
    (SFC, 1/30/99, p.A14)

1999        Feb 1, Hector Alejandro Galindo, film director, died at age 93. He directed or scripted over 70 films and won at least 8 Ariels, the Mexican equivalent of the Oscar.
    (SFC, 2/11/99, p.A25)

1999        Feb 2, Gov. Gray Davis on a visit to Mexico disclosed an agreement to get Mexico's leading telecommunications firm to relocate its US headquarters from Houston to San Diego. He negotiated the deal with Telmex chairman Carlos Slim Helu.
    (SFC, 2/3/99, p.A1)

1999        Feb 3, Gov. Davis met with Fernando Canales Clariond, governor of Nuevo Leon, and witnessed a "Direct Line" meeting between the governor and citizens seeking direct action.
    (SFC, 2/4/99, p.A2)

1999        Feb 4, The Mexican government revealed a new high-tech strategy against drug trafficking.
    (SFC, 2/5/99, p.A12)

1999        Feb 7, The state governorship election in Baja California Sur elected Leonel Cota of the PRD to a landslide victory. The PRD lost in Guerrero and clamed fraud and campaign spending violations.
    (SFC, 2/9/99, p.A8)(WSJ, 2/09/99, p.A1)

1999        Feb 10, In Mexico 4 armed seized teacher Roberto Mejia Guzman from a classroom at San Pedro Petlacala and killed him.
    (SFC, 2/13/99, p.A18)

1999        Feb 14, Pres. Clinton traveled to Merida, Mexico, for talks with Pres. Ernesto Zedillo.
    (SFC, 2/15/99, p.A8)

1999        Feb 15, President Clinton continued his whirlwind visit to Mexico, where he conferred with President Ernesto Zedillo. Clinton and Pres. Zedillo signed several accords on economic measures and the drug war.
    (AP, 2/15/04)(WSJ, 2/16/99, p.A1)

1999        Feb 17, In Mexico armed men kidnapped Alvaro Campos, the father of soccer star Jorge Campos, near Acapulco. Campos was released after 6 days.
    (SFC, 2/19/99, p.A15)(SFC, 2/24/99, p.A9)

1999        Feb 22, Governor elections in Quintana Roo, Mexico, were held to replace Gov. Mario Villanueva, whose term was scheduled to end Apr 5. Federal authorities wished to charge the governor with drug money laundering, but he was immune while holding office. His Swiss bank account was said to hold $73 million. The PRI won the statehouse with just over 43% of the vote. In Hidalgo the PRI took the governorship with a 50% of the vote. Joaquin Hendricks won the election in Quintana Roo.
    (SFEC, 2/21/99, p.A23)(SFC, 2/23/99, p.A14)(SFC, 4/1/99, p.C2)
1999        Feb 22, From Mexico it was reported that fisherman found 9 dead gray whales in the Magdalena Bay.
    (SFC, 2/22/99, p.A14)

1999        Feb 26, Mexico was certified as a US partner in the drug war by Pres. Clinton.
    (WSJ, 3/1/99, p.A1)

1999        Feb 27, Brazilian poet Haraldo de Campos (b.1929) won the Mexican Octavio Paz Prize for poetry and essay writing. His major works include "Chess Game of the Stars" and "The Education of the Five Senses."
    (SFC, 3/1/99, p.E5)

1999        Mar 3, The PRI announced that it would elect its candidate for year 2000 in a primary instead of the traditional "dedazo," i.e. presidential appointment.
    (SFC, 3/4/99, p.C5)

1999        Mar 10, In Mexico a power failure at the Penitas hydroelectric plant cause a blackout across the Yucatan for several hours.
    (SFC, 3/11/99, p.A10)

1999        Mar 12, The Mexican environmental Group of 100 reported a record number of dead gray whales near the Baha California peninsula. The ESSA salt works, a Mitsubishi-Mexican partnership, was blamed. Government officials proposed other reasons.
    (SFC, 3/13/99, p.A14)

1999        Mar 14, The PRD held party elections, which were later revoked due to vote-rigging and corruption.
    (SFC, 4/3/99, p.A4)

1999        Mar 19, Jaime Sabines (72), poet and politician, died. He served as a congressman for the PRI from 1976-1979 and in 1988.
    (SFC, 3/20/99, p.A21)

1999        Mar 24, Fernando Hernandez Leyva was arrested near Cuernavaca for the suspected murders of some 137 people, 6 kidnappings and robberies. He was later sentenced to 30 years in prison for the murder of a former police officer.
    (SFC, 8/18/99, p.C2)

1999        Mar 27, Quintana Roo Gov. Mario Villanueva vanished 9 days before he was to leave office. In May 2001 he was arrested by Mexican police in Cancun.
    (WSJ, 11/28/01, p.A1,8)

1999        Mar 29, Two of the largest banks agreed to plead guilty to laundering millions of dollars for the Cali and Juarez drug cartels. Bancomer will pay $9.9 million in fines while Banca Serfin will pay $4.7 million.
    (SFC, 3/30/99, p.F2)

1999        Mar 29, Quintana Roo Gov. Mario Villanueva failed to appear before anti-drug authorities in Mexico City and it was suspected that he had gone into hiding.
    (SFC, 4/1/99, p.C2)(SFC, 2/21/00, p.A14)

1999        Mar, Five Juarez bus drivers were charged with the murders of some 20 women. They all confessed but most later retracted their statements saying they were tortured by police.
    (SFC, 2/23/01, p.A17)

1999        Apr 1, Effective on this day the midday break, siesta, for government was eliminated. Electricity savings were estimated to be $192 million.
    (SFC, 3/17/99, p.C2)

1999        Apr 1, In Chilpancingo, Guerrero, Rene Juarez was sworn into office as governor while thousands protested that he won by fraud.
    (SFC, 4/2/99, p.D2)

1999        Apr 6, Jorge Madrazo, Attorney Gen'l. of Mexico, called for the arrest of former Gov. Mario Villanueva and over 100 public officials in Quintana Roo for narcotics corruption with the Juarez cartel.
    (SFC, 4/8/99, p.A12)

1999        Apr 20, Students at the National Univ. in Mexico City (UNAM) went on strike to protest a proposed increase in the cost of education from 2 cents to $200 per year. The majority of students did not support the strike but radical students forced the closure of classes and increased their demands with a call for the return of an 'Automatic promotion" rule that would give Univ. access regardless of academic performance.
    (WSJ, 6/11/99, p.A19)

1999        Apr 23, A truck with 55 passengers plunged into a ravine killing 46 people, 28 of them children from the hamlet of Chiquixvil in Chiapas.
    (SFEC, 4/25/99, p.A9)

1999        May 2, Rodolfo Montiel, a peasant leader in a struggle to protect the forests of the southern Sierra Madre, was arrested, tortured and jailed on trumped-up drug and weapons charges for his battle against US and local logging companies. Teodoro Cabrera was also arrested. Pres. Fox ordered the release of Montiel and Teodoro Cabrera on Nov 8, 2001.
    (SFC, 4/6/00, p.A16)(SFC, 11/9/01, p.A20)

1999        May 12, It was reported that a drought in northern Mexico was entering its 5th year and the governor of Sonora said that his state had only a 25 day supply of water.
    (SFC, 5/15/99, p.A11)

1999        May 17, The PRI approved new party rules to select its presidential candidate in primary elections.
    (SFC, 5/18/99, p.A1,11)

1999        May 18, Pres. Zedillo of Mexico planned a 3-day visit to California.
    (SFC, 5/8/99, p.A1)

1999        May 21, The northern states of Coahuila, Chihuahua, Sonora, Durango and Sinaloa were declared disaster areas due to the ongoing drought.
    (SFC, 5/22/99, p.A16)

1999        May, Jorge Castenada published "The Inheritance," an account of how the last 5 Mexican presidents named their successors.
    (SFEC, 5/23/99, p.A21)

1999        May, Altos Hornos de Mexico SA (Ahmsa) faced $2.4 billion in debt and filed for bankruptcy. The large steel maker company was taken private in 1991 by Alonso Ancira and Xavier Autrey. Ahmsa employed 17,000 people and accounted for almost 30% of the business activity in Coahuila state.
    (WSJ, 6/16/99, p.A1)

1999        Jul 1, Mexico planned to introduce a $15 per person entry fee for travel into the country beyond the border.
    (SFEC, 3/7/99, p.A21)

1999        Jun 7, In Mexico City Francisco "Paco" Stanley Albaitero (56), a popular TV and radio personality, was shot to death after leaving a restaurant. A parking attendant was also killed and 3 people were wounded by unknown gunmen. Traces of cocaine were later found in Stanley's car. Stanley was later reported to be in big debt to drug lord Luis Ignacio Amezcua Contreras, who ordered his murder. Stanley's sidekick, Mario Rodriguez Bezares, was indicted for the murder along with Contreras and Paola Durante (23), an aspiring actress.
    (SFC, 6/8/99, p.A10)(SFC, 6/9/99, p.C2)(SFEC, 8/29/99, p.A20)(WSJ, 1/22/00, p.A1)

1999        Jun 15, A 6.7 earthquake killed at least 12 people in Puebla. The death toll rose to 19 and 4,000 people were forced from their homes.
    (SFC, 6/16/99, p.A1)(SFC, 6/17/99, p.A12)(SFC, 6/18/99, p.D3)

1999        Jun 29, In Mexico City armed gunmen stole a $50,000 military payroll and killed an army colonel and a lieutenant 2 blocks from the residence of Pres. Zedillo.
    (SFC, 6/30/99, p.A9)

1999        Jul 4, In Mexico City elections for governor were scheduled. Arturo Montiel (55), a PRI former congressman, faced Jose Luis Duran (38), a PAN mayor of Naucalpan. PRI candidate Arturo Montiel defeated Jose Luis Duran of the National Action Party. In Nayarit Antonuio Echeverria, a coalition candidate, led a victory over the PRI.
    (SFC, 7/3/99, p.A12)(SFC, 7/5/99, p.A8)

1999        Jul 6, It was reported that Angel Salvador "El Chava" Gomez, leader of the Gulf drug cartel, was killed execution style.
    (SFC, 7/7/99, p.A10)

1999        Jul 16, A judge cut the 50 year prison sentence of Raul Salinas in half and a Swiss court overturned the seizure of his stashed fortune, though the money remained frozen pending further investigation.
    (SFC, 7/17/99, p.A11)

1999        Aug 27, US prosecutors detailed a 25-count narcotics and money laundering indictment against former deputy attorney general Mario Ruiz Massieu.
    (SFC, 8/28/99, p.A1)

1999        Sep 15, In New Jersey Mario Ruiz Massieu (48), former Mexican official indicted on drug charges, committed suicide. He left a suicide note that implicated Pres. Zedillo in the 1994 killing of his brother and presidential candidate Luis Donaldo Colosio.
    (SFC, 9/16/99, p.A12)(WSJ, 9/17/99, p.A1)

1999        Sep 22, The FBI hit a big Mexican drug ring, formerly run by Amado Carillo Fuentes, with 93 arrests in the US and the Dominican Republic.
    (WSJ, 9/23/99, p.A1)

1999        Sep 25, From Mexico it was reported that assaults on trucks had increased from 350 in 1993 to an estimated 40,000 a year.
    (SFC, 9/25/99, p.A12)

1999        Sep 26, In Mexico 63 people were killed in a series of explosions in the city of Celaya, 120 miles northwest of Mexico City. Powder from fireworks was blamed. Three government officials were later arrested for abetting illegal sales of fireworks and officials seized some 14 tons of gunpowder. 6 government officials and 7 business owners were later arrested in connection with the explosion.
    (SFC, 9/27/99, p.A16)(SFC, 9/30/99, p.D14)(SFC, 10/13/99, p.A12)

1999        Sep 26, In Coahuila PRI candidate Enrique Martinez won 60% of the vote and PRI mayors won in the cities of Saltillo, Torreon, Piedras Negras and Monclova.
    (SFC, 9/28/99, p.C16)

1999        Sep 28, Cuauhtemoc Cardenas stepped down as mayor of Mexico City to launch his 3rd bid for the presidency.
    (SFC, 9/29/99, p.A10)

1999        Sep 29, Rosario Robles was sworn in as the first female mayor of Mexico City.
    (SFC, 9/30/99, p.D14)

1999        Sep 30, A 7.5 slab earthquake was centered in Oaxaca state and killed 12 people. The death toll rose to 20 and 3,850 buildings were reported damaged.
    (SFC, 10/1/99, p.A14)(SFC, 10/2/99, p.A12)(SFC, 1/18/01, p.A15)

1999        Oct 5, Flooding from Tropical Depression No. 11 killed at least 83 people in ten states including 42 in Puebla after 7 rivers overflowed following heavy rains. The death toll soon reached at least 342. A large mudslide in Teziutlan left 72 confirmed dead and 30 people missing. The Catholic Church expected the toll to reach near 600.
    (SFC, 10/6/99, p.A16)(SFC, 10/7/99, p.A15)(SFC, 10/8/99, p.A1)(SFC, 10/9/99, p.A10)(SFC, 10/11/99, p.A12)(SFC, 10/12/99, p.A11)

1999        Oct 7, The Nahuatl village of Acalana was buried under a collapsed mountain killing all but 30 people. As many as 200 people had lived there.
    (SFC, 10/12/99, p.A11)

1999        Oct 18, In Nuevo Laredo, Mexico, an explosion in a candy store that sold illegal fireworks killed at least 5 people.
    (SFC, 10/20/99, p.B3)

1999        Oct 22, Police arrested Jacobo Silva Nogales (41), aka Comandante Antonio, leader of the Revolutionary Army of the Insurgent People, ERPI.
    (SFC, 10/26/99, p.B2)

1999        Oct 23, The first monarch butterflies arrived at sanctuaries in Michoacan in their annual migration.
    (SFC, 11/6/99, p.A24)

1999        Oct 24, In Guadalajara Victor Castaneda Casas was detained for his alleged role in the kidnapping of an 18-year-old. He died in the attorney general's office after receiving 40 blows to the head, 2 broken ribs and a burst lung. Police denied any torture.
    (SFC, 12/7/99, p.B3)

1999        Oct 30, Police reported that Juan Jose Quintero Payan (57), a Juarez Cartel boss, was arrested in Guadalajara.
    (SFC, 11/1/99, p.A13)

1999        Nov 1, Mexico announced plans to increase its border deposit for US registered vehicles from $11 to as much as $800 for new models for travel beyond the 15-mile border zone.
    (SFC, 10/30/99, p.A1)

1999        Nov 7, Francisco Labastida, the PRI candidate, led the presidential primary elections far ahead of Roberto Madrazo. Labastida (57) won 272 of the 300 districts.
    (SFC, 11/8/99, p.A1)(SFC, 11/9/99, p.A12)

1999        Nov 9, A TAESA DC-9 jet exploded in flight near Uruapan and all 18 people onboard were killed.
    (SFC, 11/10/99, p.A14)

1999        Nov 23, Mexico suspended the operations of Taesa Airline.
    (SFC, 11/24/99, p.C5)

1999        Nov 24, Mexico and the EU agreed on terms for a free trade treaty.
    (SFC, 11/25/99, p.A14)

1999        Nov 29, Authorities worked with a US FBI team to unearth as many as 100 bodies of disappeared Mexicans and Americans near Ciudad Juarez. Drug traffickers were believed responsible. By Dec 7 eight bodies were recovered. Nine bodies were discovered after 3 weeks and initial estimates were deemed in error. In 2000 Vicente Carillo Fuentes, believed to be in charge of all drug trafficking in Ciudad Juarez, was charged with killing 10 people in the area.
    (SFC, 11/30/99, p.A1)(SFC, 12/8/99, p.A16)(SFC, 12/18/99, p.A16)(SFC, 9/15/00, p.A18)

1999        Dec 1, Border deposits of as much as $800 for US registered cars began.
    (SFC, 11/27/99, p.A18)

1999        Dec 2, Pres. Zedillo suspended the controversial border car-deposit program under angry opposition.
    (SFC, 12/3/99, p.D5)

1999        Dec 10, Masked men with guns attacked a prison in Chiapas and 44 of 239 inmates fled and a 5-month old child, whose mother was visiting her husband, was killed.
    (SFC, 12/11/99, p.C2)

1999        Dec 14, A passenger bus collided head-on with a gas truck and at least 26 people were killed near Salvatierra in Guanajuato.
    (SFC, 12/15/99, p.B3)

1999        Ricardo Salinas Pliego used Mexico’s TV Azteca to fund cellphone start-up Unefon SA, despite assuring shareholders that he would not use the company to fund outside ventures.
    (WSJ, 12/8/05, p.A11)

2000        Jan 13, In Brazil Mexican singer Gloria Trevi was arrested with her manager Sergio Andrade and Maria Raquenal Portillo on Mexican charges of corrupting Karina Yapor (17). Trevi became pregnant in May and rape was suspected. Brasilia federal police chief Paulo Magalhaes was removed from his post in October.
    (SFC, 1/15/00, p.A10)(SFC, 10/18/01, p.C2)

1999        Manuel Gonzales published "Mexicanos: A History of Mexicans in the United States."
    (SFEC, 8/22/99, BR p.10)

1999        The documentary film "A Place Called Chiapas" was directed by Canadian Nettie Wild.
    (SFC, 6/10/99, p.E3)

2000        Jan 5, A student takeover of the El Mexe Rural Teachers College began in Tepatepec, Hidalgo.
    (SFC, 2/21/00, p.A10)

2000        Jan 20, It was reported that the TV soap "The Candidate" used significant political events of the day as part of its show segments.
    (SFC, 1/20/00, p.A12)

2000        Jan-Mar, Some 2,300 head of cattle died on 92 ranches in Chiapas from rabies due to vampire bats.
    (SFC, 4/5/00, p.A10)

2000        Feb 1, In Mexico 171 radical students were arrested in a skirmish with anti-strike students and security forces at a university-affiliated high school in Mexico City.
    (SFC, 2/4/00, p.D5)

2000        Feb 1, In Chiapas 3 supporters of the Zapatista rebels were killed in an ambush at Chavajebal. Paramilitary supporters of the government were suspected.
    (SFC, 2/4/00, p.D8)

2000        Feb 6, In Mexico City police raided the main campus of the university and arrested some 632 striking students including 8 student leaders.
    (SFC, 2/7/00, p.A14)(WSJ, 2/7/00, p.A1)

2000        Feb 19, People in Tepatepec, Hidalgo, captured at least 65 policemen after state police raided  the El Mexe Rural Teachers College. The police were later freed after the release of hundreds of students and supporters.
    (SFC, 2/21/00, p.A10)

2000        Feb 21, Nicolas Caletri (44), kidnapping mastermind, was captured in southern Oaxaca.
    (SFC, 2/26/00, p.C1)

2000        Feb 27, In Tijuana municipal police chief Alfredo de la Torre Marquez (49) was shot to death by assassins who sprayed his car with over 100 bullets.
    (SFC, 2/28/00, p.A1)

2000        Mar 8, Police announced that 6 suspects were arrested for the slaying of a police chief in Tijuana and 14 other people. The suspects were reported to be acting as hit men under orders from Vicente Zambada Niebla, the son of a drug trafficker in Sinaloa.
    (SFC, 3/9/00, p.A11)

2000        Mar 8, Juan Manuel Izabal, a top aide to the attorney general, was found dead from suicide. A stash of $700,000 was also found.
    (SFC, 3/10/00, p.A12)

2000        Mar 12, Police captured Jesus Labra, leader of the Arellano Felix drug organization at a soccer game in Tijuana.
    (SFC, 3/13/00, p.11)

2000        Mar 15, Gustavo Galvez Reyes (32), the lawyer for Jesus Labra, was found slain in southern Mexico City. Labra, a Tijuana businessman and uncle of the Arellano Felix brothers, was in jail on narcotics charges.
    (SFC, 3/18/00, p.C1)

2000        Apr 5, Rodolfo Montiel, an imprisoned peasant leader, was awarded the $125,000 Goldman Environmental Prize for his efforts to protect the forests of the Sierra Madre.
    (SFC, 4/6/00, p.A16)

2000        Apr 13, In Mexico 7 people died in a train carrying illegal immigrants from Central America in a bid to enter the US. 46 people were hospitalized from suffocating conditions.
    (WSJ, 4/14/00, p.A10)

2000        Apr, The population reached 100 million this year.
    (SFC, 4/27/00, p.A10)

2000        Apr, Three Mexican special agents, probing the Arellano Felix cartel, were found killed along the Rumorosa Highway between Tijuana and Mexicali. In October 3 former federal police officers were arrested for the killing.
    (SFC, 10/4/00, p.A12)

2000        May 3, Police arrested Ismael Higuera Guerrero, a senior member of the Arellano Felix drug gang, along with his son (15) and 8 others near Ensenada.
    (SFC, 5/5/00, p.A15)

2000        May 11, Mexico reached a free-trade agreement with Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras.
    (SFC, 5/12/00, p.D2)

2000        Jun 15, US federal agents made over 170 arrests in the breakup of a Mexican heroin ring based in Nayarit state. The US-based ringleader, Oscar Hernandez (35), and his wife, Maria Lopez (39), were arrested in Panorama City. Operation Tar Pit began last October in San Diego.
    (SFC, 6/16/00, p.A5)

2000        Jun 16, American expatriates Norris (67) and Nancy (62) Price were found shot to death in Ajijic near Guadalajara. A land dispute was suspected.
    (SFC, 6/17/00, p.A10)

2000        Jun, In the weeks before the presidential elections Pemex illegally gave $120 million to its union which in turn turned it over to the PRI to help finance the campaign. It was later suspected that some or all of the money was diverted to private pockets.
    (WSJ, 2/15/02, p.A17)

2000        Jul 2, In Mexico Vincente Fox (58) and his national Action Party (PAN) claimed victory over the ruling PRI. This ended the Institutional Revolutionary Party’s 71-year reign. In 2004 Julia Preston and Samuel Dillon authored "Opening Mexico: The Making of a Democracy."
    (SFC, 7/3/00, p.A1)(WSJ, 7/3/00, p.A8)(AP, 7/2/01)(SSFC, 2/14/04, p.M1)

2000        Jul 3, The elections showed 42.7% for Vincente Fox, 35.8% for Labastida, and 16.5% for Cardenas.
    (SFC, 7/4/00, p.A11)

2000        Jul 4, President-elect Vincente Fox promised to fight corruption, to restart talks with the Zapatista rebels, and to strip the Interior Ministry of all functions but those involving political relations between the federal and state governments.
    (SFC, 7/5/00, p.A4)

2000        Jul 10, In Mexico Augustin Vasquez Mendoza was arrested in Tehuacan. In 2005 he was extradited from Mexico to the United States to stand trial for his role in the murder of DEA Special Agent Richard Fass in Glendale, Arizona, on June 30, 1994.
    (SFC, 7/11/00, p.A10)(http://crime.about.com/b/a/145527.htm)

2000        Jul 22, Mexican women staged a one-day strike, more symbolic than massive, over housework.
    (SFEC, 7/23/00, p.B16)

2000        Jul 31, Aides of Vincente Fox announced plans to transform the police and judiciary and to demilitarize the anti-narcotics programs.
    (SFC, 8/1/00, p.A8)

2000        Aug 4, Ildefonso Salido Ibarra, owner of the El Debate newspaper, was kidnapped in Sinaloa state. He was released after 4 days.
    (SFEC, 11/12/00, p.A19)(http://tinyurl.com/25oh9b)

2000        Aug 18, Fifteen people were killed when violence broke out during the inauguration of Mayor Jesus Tolentino in Chimalhuacan, a suburb of Mexico City and part of the area known as the misery belt. Tolentino defeated Guadalupe Buendia a PRI cacique (power broker). Buendia supporters battled with Antorcha Popular (Popular Torch), widely regarded as a paramilitary movement. [see Aug 27]
    (SFC, 8/19/00, p.A9)(WSJ, 8/28/00, p.A1)(SFEC, 9/3/00, p.A20)

2000        Aug 20, In Chiapas Pablo Salazar, an ally of Vincente Fox, was elected governor over Sami David of the PRI 57% to 42%.
    (SFC, 8/21/00, p.A8)

2000        Aug 24, Pres. Clinton met with Pres.-elect Vincente Fox of Mexico. Fox promoted his ideas on an open border.
    (SFC, 8/25/00, p.A14)

2000        Aug 27, Guadalupe Buendia, the defeated PRI mayor of Chimalhuacan known as the "She Wolf," was arrested for the earlier attack on a rival faction that killed 15 people. She had also reportedly emptied the city treasury. Buendia was the founder of the Organizacion de Pueblos y Colonias (OPC), an organization of villages and neighborhoods, and drew support from thousands of housewives and municipal workers.
    (WSJ, 8/28/00, p.A1)(SFEC, 9/3/00, p.A20)

2000        Aug 28, Rodolfo Montiel, winner of a 2000 Goldman environmental prize for fighting rampant deforestation, was convicted on drugs and weapons charges and sentenced to 6 years and 8 months in jail. Human rights groups allege that he was tortured and that the charges were trumped up.
    (SFC, 8/29/00, p.A1)

2000        Aug 31, Retired Gen. Francisco Hermosillo and Brig. Gen. Mario Arturo Acosta Chaparro were arrested for collaborating with the Juarez drug cartel.
    (SFC, 9/2/00, p.A14)

2000        Sep 1, Pres. Zedillo gave his last State of the Nation address.
    (SFC, 9/2/00, p.A12)

2000        Oct 5, Cuco Sanchez, singer, actor and composer, died at age 79.
    (SFC, 10/6/00, p.D5)

2000        Oct 6, In Reynosa, Mexico, a DC932 plane with 83 passengers overran a runway and crashed into a group of homes and then a canal. 6 people walking along the canal were killed.
    (SFC, 10/7/00, p.A12)

2000        Oct 20, In Mexico City a fire at the Lohobombo salsa club killed at least 19 people.
    (SFC, 10/21/00, p.A13)

2000        Oct 22, Manuel Andrade (PRI) was declared the winner of the governor’s race in Tabasco by 8,000 votes over Raul Ojeda. A federal court overturned the victory. New elections were held in 2001.
    (SFC, 10/24/00, p.A16)(SFC, 8/6/01, p.A8)

2000        Nov, Some 50,000 unionized sugar-mill workers went on a nation-wide strike. The industry was antiquated and in deep debt following years of PRI subsidies.
    (WSJ, 11/30/00, p.A1)

2000        Dec 1, Pres. Vicente Fox assumed office.
    (WSJ, 12/1/00, p.A1)

2000        Dec 2, In Chiapas Subcommander Marcos announced that he would begin talks with the government in Mexico City in Feb.
    (SFC, 12/4/00, p.A12)

2000        Dec 5, Adolfo Aguilar Zinser, the new chief of the national security council, vowed to end illegal wiretapping.
    (SFC, 12/6/00, p.C3)
2000        Dec 5, In Mexico City Manuel Andres Lopez Obrador took office as mayor and vowed to delegate power and resources down to the 1,352 neighborhood governments. Obrador appointed women to 9 of his 15 cabinet seats.
    (SFC, 12/6/00, p.C3)

2000        Dec 6, Pres. Fox submitted a tight $142 billion budget.
    (SFC, 12/7/00, p.C9)

2000        Dec 15, Pres. Fox planned to be at border crossings to receive Mexicans returning home for the holidays. He planned to reduce or eliminate blackmailing and cheating by border guards.
    (SFC, 12/4/00, p.A12)

2000        Dec 17, Thousands were ordered to evacuate the area around the Popocatepetl volcano due to the formation of a lava dome.
    (WSJ, 12/18/00, p.A1)

2000        Dec 18, Popocatepetl volcano began spraying hot rock and ashes in its biggest eruption in 1200 years.
    (SFC, 12/21/00, p.A22)

2000        Dec 19, In Mexico over 30,000 people were evacuated from the area of the Popocatepetl volcano as the volcano resumed activity.
    (SFC, 12/20/00, p.A1)

2000        Dec 22, In Mexico the army closed a base in Chiapas and continued to pull troops from the region.
    (SFC, 12/23/00, p.A14)

2000        Dec 28, Congress voted to register millions of 2nd hand vehicles imported illegally in past years.
    (SFC, 12/29/00, p.B3)

2000        Dec 29, Congress approved a $140 million budget.
    (SFC, 12/30/00, p.A10)
2000         Dec 29, A court ruled that the governor’s race in Tabasco was fatally marred and called for new elections.
    (SFC, 12/30/00, p.A8)

2000        Dec 30, In Chiapas the head prosecutor freed 17 jailed Zapatista rebels.
    (SFC, 12/31/00, p.A18)
2000        Dec 30, The legislature of Tabasco state amended the state constitution to delay the elections for 18 months.
    (SFC, 12/31/00, p.A18)

2000        Dec 31, Pres. Fox ordered a 2nd military base closed in Chiapas.
    (SFC, 1/1/01, p.A12)
2000        Dec 31, The outgoing Tabasco state Congress named Enrique Priego as acting governor.
    (SFC, 1/1/01, p.A12)

2000        Dec, In Oaxaca state dozens of hooded men dressed in black stormed into the town of Nazareno de Etla and announced a "New Revolution." They called themselves the Armed Forces of the People’s Revolution (FARP).
    (SFC, 1/5/01, p.A16)

2000        Carlos Fuentes authored his novel "The Years with Laura Diaz," a chronicle of the 20th century through the eyes of a Mexican woman.
    (SSFC, 12/17/00, BR p.3)
2000        Carlos Salinas, a former president, authored "Mexico: A Difficult Step Toward Modernity." Salinas blamed his successor Ernesto Zedillo, for Mexico’s 1995  financial crises.
    (SFC, 10/11/00, p.A12)
2000        Imprisoned Gen. Jose Francisco Gallardo contributed several chapters to the book "Always Near, Always Far: The Armed Forces in Mexico," which included proposed military reforms.
    (SFC, 9/1/00, p.D3)
2000        The Mexican film “Amores Perros,” a gritty tale of dogs, crime and violence, was produced.
    (Econ, 9/14/13, p.46)
2000        In Mexico Alberto Patishtan was arrested for the murder of seven policemen, who were killed in an ambush in Chiapas state. Although he denied committing the crime, he was convicted in 2002 and sentenced to 60 years in prison. On Oct 31, 2013, he was released under a pardon by President Enrique Pena Nieto after the government found evidence the teacher's rights had been abused.
    (Reuters, 10/31/13)
2000        Pernod Ricard SA acquired the Mexican tequila producer Viuda de Romero.
    (WSJ, 9/7/05, p.B2)

2001        Jan 1, In Tabasco opposition legislators from the leftist Democratic Revolution Party rejected the interim governor chosen the previous day by the outgoing legislature with a violent brawl.
    (SFC, 1/2/01, p.A10)
2001        Jan 1, In Mexico rebels soon called for the closure all 7 military bases near rebel strongholds.
    (SFC, 1/2/01, p.A9)
2001        Jan 1, In Acapulco 8 armed men charged into the home of journalist Jorge Torres Palacios and killed his father, brother and cousin. Police sought Abel Arizmendi Flores, the top elected official from the reporter’s village.
    (SFC, 1/2/01, p.A9)

2001        Jan 2, In Tabasco opposition legislators elected a 2nd interim governor, Adan Lopez, sec.-gen. of the state PRI.
    (SFC, 1/3/01, p.A10)

2001        Jan 10, The government shut down a 3rd military base in Chiapas.
    (SFC, 1/11/01, p.A14)

2001        Jan 11, In Tabasco Adan Augusto Lopez stepped aside as governor and agreed to recognize rival Enrique Priego.
    (SFC, 1/12/01, p.A18)

2001        Jan 17, Chihuahua Gov. Patricio Martinez was wounded by a shot from Victoria Loya, a former police officer.
    (SFC, 1/18/01, p.A16)

2001        Jan 18, The Supreme Court ruled 10-1 to allow the extradition to the US of 2 drug traffickers.
    (SFC, 1/20/01, p.A10)

2001        Jan 19, Joaquin Guzman Loera, aka "El Chapo," escaped from the maximum-security prison in Jalisco state. Leonardo Beltran, the prison director, and 30 officers were detained for possible involvement in the cocaine trafficker’s escape. 78 people were later implicated.
    (SSFC, 1/21/01, p.D4)(SFC, 2/21/01, p.A11)

2001        Jan 30, Rodolfo Morales, Oaxacan artist, died at age 75.
    (SFC, 2/2/01, p.D7)

2001        Feb 2, Mexico agreed to sell a small amount of power to California.
    (SFC, 2/3/01, p.A8)

2001        Feb 3, Mexico followed Canada and the US in a ban on beef from Brazil due to fears of mad cow disease.
    (WSJ, 2/5/01, p.A17)

2001        Feb 6, A trade tribunal ordered the US to allow Mexican trucks to cross the border following a NAFTA arbitration process.
    (SFC, 2/7/01, p.A3)

2001        Feb 9, Pres. Fox inaugurated a $50 million aid plan for Chiapas. Yucatan’s PRI Gov. Victor Cervera refused to accept a state electoral commission.
    (SFC, 2/10/01, p.A10)(WSJ, 2/12/01, p.A18)

2001        Feb 15, Hooded gunmen shot and killed 12 villagers in the village of Limoncito de Ayala in Sinaloa state.
    (SFC, 2/16/01, p.D2)

2001        Feb 16, Pres. Bush met with Pres. Fox in Mexico. They announced a joint agenda to expand trade, protect immigrant rights and reduce drug trafficking.
    (SFC, 2/17/01, p.A1)

2001        Feb 22, Jose Juarez Rosales (24) was arrested in Dallas for alleged multiple sexual assaults and murders in Ciudad Juarez.
    (SFC, 2/23/01, p.A17)

2000        Feb 24, Zapatista rebel leader Subcommander Marcos began a 2,000-mile caravan to Mexico City to lobby for Indian rights.
    (SSFC, 2/25/01, p.A14)

2001        Feb 27, Some 30 protesters were injured and another 30 arrested near the meeting of the World Economic Forum in Cancun.
    (SFC, 2/28/01, p.A10)

2001        Feb, It was reported that millions of monarch butterflies had died at a hilltop reserve in Michoacan. Insecticides were suspected while officials blamed cold weather.
    (SSFC, 4/8/01, p.C6)

2001        Mar 11, Some 100,000 supporters filled the square of Mexico City as the Zapatista rebels arrived. "We are here to shout for and to demand democracy, liberty and justice."
    (SFC, 3/12/01, p.A1)

2001        Mar 12, The Fox administration announced its " Plan Puebla-Panama," an effort to close the economic gap between the north and poorer south.
    (SFC, 3/13/01, p.A16)
2001        Mar 12, Zapatista rebels invaded the Naha nature preserve in southern Chiapas, home of Lacandon Indians, and took over some 250 acres of the 7,500-acre preserve.
    (SFC, 3/13/01, p.A16)

2001        Mar 21, Pres. Vicente Fox arrived in California for his 1st foreign trip as President of Mexico. He appealed to Gov. Davis to allow Mexicans in California greater access to doors of opportunity.
    (SFC, 3/21/01, p.A1)(SFC, 3/22/01, p.A1)

2001        Mar 22, The Chamber of Deputies voted to allow Zapatista leaders to speak before an informal session of Congress.
    (SFC, 3/23/01, p.D2)

2001        Mar 28, Zapatistas told the Mexican legislature that the military phase of their struggle was over and that political efforts would take precedence.
    (SFC, 3/29/01, p.A1)

2001        Apr 3, US agents seized over 7 tons of marijuana from a tractor-trailer at the Tijuana border. It was believed to be the largest seizure along the US-Mexican border and was valued at $12.1 million.
    (SFC, 4/5/01, p.A4)

2001        Apr 5, Brig. Gen. Ricardo Martinez was arrested with aides Capt. Pedro Maya and Lt. Javier Quevedo on drug trafficking charges.
    (SFC, 4/7/01, p.A14)

2001        Apr 19, There was an execution style slaying of 8 peasants of the Fray Bartolome Alliance in the Chiapas village of Canalucum. [see Jun 25]
    (SFC, 6/26/01, p.C2)

2001        Apr 21, Humberto Iribe Monroy (26) was arrested as a suspect in the Tijuana slayings of 2 US citizens, a 1998 killing of an American investigator, and the July murder of the son of singer Beatriz Adriana Flores.
    (SFC, 4/23/01, p.A10)

2001        Apr 28, The Congress approved broad constitutional reforms granting autonomy and other rights to millions of indigenous people.
    (SSFC, 4/29/01, p.A16)

2001        Apr 30, Zapatista rebels broke off contact with the government due to the watered down Indian rights legislation.
    (SFC, 5/1/01, p.A9)

2001        May 3, Pres. Bush met with Pres. Fox of Mexico and discussed temporary visas for Mexican workers and plans for long-range energy development.
    (SFC, 5/4/01, p.D3)

2001        May 4, In Putla, Oaxaca, Fidel Bautista Guerrero (33), a Mixtec Indian, was shot to death. He had organized Indian farmers to conserve forests. The killers were pursued to the ranch of timber baron Efrain Cruz Bruno and 8 men with AK 47s and other rifles were arrested.
    (SFC, 7/5/01, p.A10)

2001        May 17, It was reported that the Mexican government would provide survival kits to citizens planning to cross into the US illegally.
    (SFC, 5/17/01, p.A1)

2001        May 23, In Arizona 12 illegal Mexican immigrants were found dead due to dehydration. 2 more were found dead the next day. In 2002 Jesus Lopez-Ramos, one of 3 smugglers, was sentenced to 16 years in prison. In 2004 Luis Alberto Urrea authored "The Devil's Highway: A True Story," about the ill-fated crossing.
    (SFC, 5/24/01, p.A3)(SFC, 5/25/01, p.A3)(SFC, 2/23/02, p.A5)(SSFC, 4/11/04, p.M2)

2001        May 27, In gubernatorial elections in Yucatan Patricio Patron of the National Action Party led Orlando Paredes of the PRI.
    (SFC, 5/28/01, p.B12)

2001        May 29, In Mexico City Jesus Ignacio Carrola Gutierrez, a former director of the judicial police, was found slain execution-style with his 2 brothers. Carrola had resigned in 1997 under pressure of alleged links to drug traffickers and human rights abuses by police under his command.
    (SFC, 5/30/01, p.A12)

2001        May, Mexican police in Cancun arrested former Quintana Roo Gov. Mario Villanueva, who had vanished in 1999 just prior to the end of his term.
    (WSJ, 11/28/01, p.A1,8)

2001        Jun 12, Alcides Ramon Magana, former federal police officer and drug kingpin, was arrested in Villahermosa.
    (SFC, 6/14/01, p.C3)

2001        Jun 15, Mexico’s Pres. Fox launched his Plan Puebla-Panama aimed at helping the poorer south and the poor countries of Central America. The program was launched June 15, but by 2007 only $4.5 billion of a projected $50 billion had been invested. In 2007 Pres. Calderon re-launched the program.
    (Econ, 4/14/07, p.41)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plan_Puebla_Panama)

2001        Jun 22, The US and Mexico unveiled a new border safety pact with measures to prevent migrants from crossing at deadly transit points and planned to equip US agents with nonlethal weapons.
    (SFC, 6/23/01, p.A1)
2001        Jun 22, Ron Lavender (75), an Iowa-born real estate agent, was kidnapped in Acapulco. A ransom of $2.5 million was demanded. Lavender was released Oct 16 and refused to file a criminal complaint.
    (SFC, 10/18/01, p.C2)

2001        Jun 25, In Chiapas some 300 police officers arrested 13 members of the leftist House of the People. They were suspected to be connected to the Apr 19 slaying of 8 peasants of the Fray Bartolome Alliance.
    (SFC, 6/26/01, p.C2)

2001        Jul 2, Mexican President Vicente Fox married his spokeswoman and long-time love, Martha Sahagun, a year to the day after his election victory.
    (AP, 7/2/02)

2001        Jul 5, The Security Ministry reported that Mexico’s police solved only 8% of the nation’s crimes.
    (WSJ, 7/6/01, p.A1)

2001        Jul 18, Congress gave final approval to an Indian rights law that was opposed by many Indian organizations.
    (SFC, 7/20/01, p.A17)

2001        Jul 25, Carlos Pacheco Beltran was lynched in the Magdalena Petlacalpo neighborhood of Mexico City after trying to steal from the neighborhood church.
    (SFC, 8/1/01, p.A9)

2001        Aug 2, Carlos Natividad Garibay (21), a suspected thief, died of skull injuries In Guadalajara after being beaten by shopkeepers.
    (SFC, 8/4/01, p.A10)

2001        Aug 3, Banamex was acquired by Citigroup in a $12.5 billion deal.
    (SFC, 8/9/01, p.A9)

2001        Aug 5, New governor elections were held in Tabasco with Manuel Andrade facing Raul Ojeda. Early results gave the victory to Andrade of the PRI.
    (SFC, 8/6/01, p.A8)(SFC, 8/7/01, p.A6)

2001        Aug 8, In Mexico City branches of Banamex were bombed. Police later arrested 5 alleged members of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of the People (FARP).
    (SFC, 8/15/01, p.A7)

2001        Aug 22, Maria A. Caraveo of Brownsville was found shot to death with her 3 children, aged 9-13, outside Guadalajara. Police searched for Benito Martin Mar, Caraveo’s husband.
    (SFC, 8/24/01, p.D2)

2001        Aug 30, On the Int’l. Day of the Disappeared relatives of some of the 500 people who disappeared from 1970 to 2000 filed a criminal complaint against the last 5 presidents.
    (SFC, 8/31/01, p.D6)

2001        Sep 1, Pres. Fox gave his 1st state-of-the-union address. He asked for more time to live up to promises and appealed to Congress for help.
    (SSFC, 9/2/01, p.A12)

2001        Sep 3, The government announced the expropriation of 27 of 60 privately owned sugar mills from some $110 million. All were on the brink of bankruptcy.
    (SFC, 9/4/01, p.A7)

2001        Sep 4, The US and Mexico agreed on small measures to improve food safety, enhance law enforcement and fight money laundering as Pres. Fox came to visit with Pres. Bush.
    (SFC, 9/5/01, p.A3)

2001        Sep 5, Maria de los Angeles Tames, attorney and daughter of a former senator, was killed. On Mar 5, 2002, Juan Antonio Dominguez, mayor of Atizapan, was arrested in connection with the slaying of the city council member, who had planned to reveal evidence of corruption and drug trafficking. On Apr 10, 2002 Dominguez and his former chief of staff Daniel Garcia were charged with masterminding the murder.
    (SFC, 3/7/02, p.A7)(WSJ, 4/12/02, p.A1)

2001        Sep 12, In Mexico a twin-engine LET 410 plane crashed in the Yucatan and all 19 people aboard were killed. The 16 passengers were all Seattle-area tourists on a Holland America cruise.
    (SFC, 9/13/01, p.C3)(SFC, 9/14/01, p.A32)

2001        Oct 19, Digna Ochoa (38), a prominent human rights lawyer, was found shot to death in Mexico City. She was shot once in the left leg and again in the head. In 2003 a prosecutor said her death was a probable suicide.
    (SSFC, 10/21/01, p.A22)(AP, 7/19/03)

2001        Oct 22, The government selected a site in the lake Texcoco area for a new $2.3 billion airport for Mexico City. The decision had been deferred since 1968.
    (SFC, 10/23/01, p.A13)

2001        Oct 30, Felipe Santander (68), playwright, died in Ocotepec. His work included "El Extensionista."
    (SFC, 11/1/01, p.A23)

2001        Oct, Mexico's Supreme Court ruled that life in prison, or any term without guaranteed parole, constitutes cruel and unusual punishment under the constitution.
    (SSFC, 8/10/03, p.A1)

2001        Nov 6, Authorities in Ciudad Juarez found the bodies of 3 young women. 5 more bodies were found the next day. Mexican authorities later built a somber memorial of concrete benches, a circular water fountain also made of concrete and a cement plaque with the names of the eight victims. The families of three of the women appealed in 2003 for the court, which is a body of the Organization of American States, to take up the case. On Nov 7, 2011, Mexico's government publicly apologized for failing to prevent the killings of the three women and for the negligence of officials in investigating the crimes.
    (SFC, 11/8/01, p.A19)(AP, 11/7/11)

2001        Nov 11, Lazaro Cardena of the leftist PRD won 42% of the votes for governor in Michoacan state vs. 37% Alfredo Anaya of the PRI.
    (SFC, 11/13/01, p.A14)

2001        Nov 27, The Nat’l. Human Rights Commission issued a 3,000 page report that acknowledged at least 275 leftists disappeared while in government hands during the 1970s. The names of 74 officials implicated in the forced disappearances were not made public.
    (SFC, 11/28/01, p.A4)

2001        Dec 3, Gov. Davis of California met with Pres. Fox and Mexican legislators in Mexico City to discuss economic solutions on mutual interests.
    (SFC, 12/4/01, p.A3)
2001        Dec 3, Juan Jose Arreola (83), nationalist author, died. His work included "La Feria" (1962).
    (SFC, 12/5/01, p.A23)

2001        Jorge Emilio Gonzalez took over leadership of Mexico’s Green Party from his father.
    (WSJ, 7/8/04, p.A10)

2002        Jan 3, Juan Garcia Esquivel, pianist and composer, died at age 83. He turned out 10 albums in the US from 1957-1963.
    (SFC, 1/10/02, p.A16)

2002        Jan 6, It was reported that Mexico had a national service program that required participation by all university graduates and that medical students were required to work in disadvantaged communities for one year before being licensed.
    (SSFC, 1/6/02, p.A3)

2002        Jan 12, Amparo Montes (Amparo Meza Cruz), boleros singer, died in Mexico City. She was 77-81 years old.
    (SFC, 1/14/02, p.B5)
2002        Jan 12-13, A rain storm was followed by a freeze and as many as 270 million monarch butterflies were killed at the Rosario and Sierra Chincua colonies in Michoacan state.
    (SFC, 2/12/02, p.A4)(SFC, 2/18/02, p.A3)

2002        Jan 18, Feliz Alonso Fernandez Garcia, editor of the weekly Nueva Opcion magazine, was shot and killed after filing a report that linked former mayor Raul Rodriguez Barrera and drug traffickers.
    (SFC, 1/24/02, p.A8)

2002        Jan 19, Federal officials froze the bank accounts 9 current and former executive of Petroleos Mexicano in a $120 million corruption scheme tied to the PRI.
    (SFC, 1/22/02, p.A8)

2002        Feb 3, In Cuba Fidel Castro met with Pres. Fox of Mexico.
    (SFC, 2/4/02, p.A4)

2002        Feb 4, In Havana Pres. Fox of Mexico met with 7 prominent dissidents.
    (SFC, 2/5/02, p.A7)

2002        Feb 10, Sinaloa state police reportedly shot and killed drug boss Ramon Felix Arellano (37).
    (SFC, 2/23/02, p.A12)

2002        Feb 24, In Mexico City the PRI held its 1st ever open election for party leadership.
    (SFC, 2/25/02, p.A7)

2002        Mar 4, The PRI named Roberto Madrazo, former gov. of Tabasco, as its new leader.
    (WSJ, 3/5/02, p.A1)

2002        Mar 8, In Mexico Ines Fernandez and Valentina Rosendo, two indigenous Me'phaa women from the state of Guerrero, reported that they had been raped and tortured by members of the Mexican Army. Since then, they have been subject to a constant stream of threats to keep them from speaking about the incidents. On Dec 15, 2011, Interior Secretary Alejandro Poire offered what he called "the most sincere of apologies" to Valentina Rosendo.
    (http://tinyurl.com/7bdvlyk)(AP, 12/16/11)

2002        Mar 9, In Pueblo police arrested Benjamin Arellano Felix, head of the Tijuana drug cartel.
    (SSFC, 3/10/02, p.A14)

2002        Mar 13, Manuel Herrera Barraza, a senior member of the Arellano Felix gang, was arrested.
    (SFC, 3/15/02, p.A12)

2002        Mar 21, A UN meeting on poverty, despair and violence opened in Mexico City.
    (SFC, 3/22/02, p.A13)

2002        Mar 22, Pres. Bush addressed the UN meeting in Monterey, Mexico, and called on wealthy nations to link foreign aid to economic reform.
    (SFC, 3/23/02, p.A1)

2002        Mar 24, Rosario Robles, former mayor of Mexico City, was declared head of the Democratic Revolution Party.
    (SFC, 3/25/02, p.A9)

2002        Apr 8, Pres. Fox and the Maquila and Export Industry Council signed an agreement to improve working conditions for female factory workers.
    (SFC, 4/9/02, p.A9)

2002        Apr 9, In Mexico the Senate voted 71-41 to deny Pres. Fox permission to travel to the US and Canada next week. They wanted him to spend more time on domestic concerns.
    (SFC, 4/10/02, p.A14)

2002        Apr 10, In Mexico 41 state and city police from Tijuana and Tecate were arrested in Baja on charges of corruption and smuggling during a meeting at the state police academy.
    (SFC, 4/11/02, p.A10)(SFC, 4/12/02, p.A9)

2002        May 6, Jose Luis Nieto (56) raced his pickup into a crowd of toddlers in Ecatepec, near Mexico City, and killed 2 children aged 2 and 3. A daily school ceremony had blocked access to his house.
    (SFC, 5/7/02, p.A12)

2002        May 10, Masked gunmen killed 11 people at a Mother’s Day party in Santiago de la Ajoya, 40 miles north of Mazatlan.
    (SSFC, 5/12/02, p.A11)
2002        May 10, A truck with 8 tons of sodium cyanide was hijacked in central Mexico. The truck was later found but 76 drums of the chemical were missing. Most of the drums were found dumped near the village of Honey following an 18-day search. All the drums were later recovered.
    (SFC, 5/28/02, p.A7)(SFC, 5/30/02, p.A8)(SFC, 5/31/02, p.A11)

2002        May 13, Two police officers were killed in a shootout with suspected ERP rebels at a water treatment plant in Buena Vista de Cuellar, Guerrero state.
    (SFC, 5/14/02, p.A13)

2002        May 24, In Mexico Pres. Fox announced that all of Mexico’s waters are a preserve for whales and off-limits to whale hunting.
    (SFC, 5/25/02, p.A13)

2002        May 26, In Veracruz police arrested Jesus Albino Quintero Meraz along with 6 associates and a federal police officer for cocaine trafficking.
    (SFC, 5/28/02, p.A9)

2002        May 31, In southern Mexico gunmen ambushed a truckload of people and killed 26 in Agua Fria. The dead were all from Santiago Xochiltepec and were victims of a land dispute. 16 suspects were later arrested.
    (SSFC, 6/2/02, p.A12)(SFC, 6/3/02, p.A3)

2002        Jun 9, A farmer and his two grown children were hacked to death with machetes by their relatives in a family dispute over a plot of land in southern Oaxaca state.
    (AP, 6/9/02)

2002        Jun 10, President Vicente Fox signed Mexico's first freedom of information law on Monday, exposing the government and its records to greater public scrutiny.
    (AP, 6/10/02)

2002        Jun 19, President Vicente Fox is releasing nearly 80 million secret intelligence files collected over decades, vowing that Mexico's government will never again use spying and violence against its critics.
    (AP, 6/19/02)

2002        Jun 28, In Mexico City gunmen with assault rifles tried to hold up an armored car, killing three guards and wounding two others, but getting no money.
    (AP, 6/28/02)

2002        Jul 3, In western Mexico 5 people returning from a political rally, among them a 101-year-old man, were ambushed and shot to death.
    (AP, 7/3/02)
2002        Jul 3, Brazil and Mexico signed a trade agreement that reduced import duties on some 800 products.
    (WSJ, 7/5/02, p.A1)

2002        Jul 5, In Mexico Katy Jurado (78), the actress who played a sultry wildcat in some of the top American films of the 1950s and gained an Academy Award nomination, died.
    (AP, 7/5/02)

2002        Jul 12, In Mexico farmers desperate to keep their land from being seized for a new Mexico City airport threatened to kill about a dozen hostages and spark uprisings across the country.
    (AP, 7/12/02)

2002        Jul 14, Mexican state officials freed 10 prisoners in hopes of winning freedom for hostages held by farmers protesting construction of a new Mexico City airport.
    (AP, 7/15/02)

2002        Jul 15, In Mexico farmers ended their protest of a proposed new airport for Mexico City and released 19 hostages after the government promised to reconsider construction terms.
    (SFC, 7/16/02, p.A5)

2002        Jul 26, Jose Juan Palafox, a regional director of Mexico's main intelligence agency was slain in the border city of Tijuana, the 11th person killed this week in what authorities say is an escalating drug war.
    (AP, 7/27/02)

2002        Jul 30, Pope John Paul II began a three-day visit to Mexico to canonize Juan Diego, the first Indian saint. He arrived from Guatemala to a greeting by President Vicente Fox and tens of thousands of people lining Mexico City's streets.
    (AP, 7/30/02)

2002        Jul 31, Pope John Paul II canonized Juan Diego, an Indian peasant to whom church tradition says the Virgin Mary appeared 500 years ago, in a ceremony in Mexico that drew more than 1 million believers into the streets.
    (AP, 8/1/02)
2002        Jul 31, In Mexico 6 masked gunmen kidnapped a federal congressman from a town in the Pacific coast state of Guerrero.
    (AP, 8/1/02)

2002        Aug 1, In Mexico the government decided to yield to protests by machete-wielding farmers and radicals and cancelled plans to build a new international airport on the eastern outskirts of Mexico City.
    (AP, 8/2/02)

2002        Aug 6, In western Mexico the brakes apparently failed on a 26-year-old bus before it plowed through a highway toll booth and slammed into a concrete wall, killing at least 33 people, 10 of them children, headed for a re-enactment of the Last Supper. About 20 people were injured.
    (AP, 8/6/02)

2002        Aug 10, In northwestern Mexico a bus crashed through a railing and into a shallow river near Hermosillo, killing 16 passengers and injuring two dozen others.
    (AP, 8/12/02)

2002        Aug 14, Mexican President Vicente Fox angrily canceled a scheduled meeting with President Bush hours after Texas executed a Mexican national for killing a Dallas police officer despite pleas from the Mexican leadership. Javier Suarez Medina, a Mexican national, was never told he could contact the Mexican consulate for help after his 1988 arrest, a violation of the 1963 Vienna Convention of Consular Relations.
    (AP, 8/14/03)(AP, 8/15/02)
2002        Aug 14, Texas Gov. Rick Perry denied a reprieve for Javier Suarez Medina and authorities in Huntsville gave Suarez a lethal injection as he sang the hymn "Amazing Grace."
    (AP, 8/15/02)

2002        Aug 15, Heavy rains caused the San Luis Potosi and Los Dolores dams to burst, sending a wave of floodwaters roaring over villages in central Mexico, where authorities said at least eight people were killed and six others were missing and feared dead.
    (AP, 8/16/02)
2002        Aug 15, A train in Tlaxcala, Mexico, struck and killed six young people (13-25) as they were walking along railroad tracks during a religious procession.
    (AP, 8/15/02)

2002        Aug 17, In Mexico 8 men and a woman were lined up against a wall and gunned down with assault rifles and pistols at a ranch in the western state of Michoacan in what reports said may have been a drug-related massacre.
    (AP, 8/18/02)

2002        Aug 31, It was reported that Mexican police had arrested Juan Heriberto Carrillo Olivas, a Mexican citizen, headed a gang in El Paso, Texas, that used a fleet of tractor-trailers to transport cocaine to other U.S. cities.
    (AP, 8/31/02)

2002        Sep 6, Mexico said it was withdrawing from the 1947 Inter-American Reciprocal Defense Treaty designed to protect the Americas against communism, a year after President Vicente Fox called the agreement obsolete.
    (AP, 9/6/02)

2002        Sep 10, Radical farmers in San Salvador, Mexico, have declared this town outside Mexico City to be autonomous, two months after they forced the government to abandon plans for a new airport.
    (AP, 9/11/02)

2002        Sep 23, Hurricane Isidore left two dead and 300,000 homeless in Mexico’s Yucatan and moved toward the U.S. Gulf coast.
    (AP, 9/24/02)

2002        Sep 26, In Mexico Martha Sahagun de Fox launched a conference of first ladies of the Americas with a promise to forge creative answers to the problem of child poverty.
    (AP, 9/26/02)

2002        Sep 27, A Mexican military court charged three army officers (Gen. Francisco Quiros Hermosillo, Brig. Gen. Mario Arturo Acosta Chaparro and Maj. Francisco Barquin)  with homicide in the killings of 143 leftist activists and revolutionaries, the first prosecution of soldiers for crimes committed during the so-called "dirty war" of the 1970s.
    (AP, 9/27/02)(SFC, 9/28/02, p.A6)

2002        Oct 14, In New Mexico VP Cheney met with representatives of Bajagua, a start-up waste processing firm targeting waste water in Tijuana, Mexico. Waste from Tijuana flowed into San Diego County and its Tijuana River estuary. Bajagua spent $585,000 in lobbying efforts from 2001-2006. Estimates of costs to the US ranged from $580-780 million. A 1999 environmental impact statement called the Bajagua plan not feasible.
    (WSJ, 1/27/07, p.A15)

2002        Oct 15, Former New York City Mayor Rudolph Giuliani will be paid $4.3 million plus expenses for a one-year contract to advise Mexico City's mayor on reducing crime.
    (AP, 10/15/02)

2002        Oct 19, In Mexico Manuel Alvarez Bravo (100), a photographer whose remarkable 80-year portfolio contained everything from mystical portraits of a bygone era to the striking realism of murdered laborers, died.
    (AP, 10/20/02)

2002        Oct 21, In Mexico officials said 25 people were arrested who had infiltrated the army, police and attorney general’s office on behalf of drug kingpins.
    (SFC, 10/22/02, p.A11)

2002        Oct 25, Hurricane Kenna hit Mexico’s Pacific coast and over 150 people were injured in the states of Jalisco, Nayarit and Sinaloa. 3 people were later reported killed. Damages were estimated in tens of millions.
    (SFC, 10/26/02, p.A7)(SSFC, 10/27/02, p.A20)

2002        Nov 16, In Mexico unidentified assailants killed a family of five, including two children aged 8 and 14 and two of the family's servants, by slitting their throats or shooting them.
    (AP, 11/17/02)

2002        Nov 22, In Mexico City thousands of teachers marched to protest the deaths and disappearances of some 152 teachers over the last 10 years.
    (SFC, 11/23/02, p.A10)

2002        Nov 26, About 2,000 members of Mexico's former ruling party seized government buildings in two Guerrero state towns, claiming fraud in the recent election of the towns' mayors.
    (AP, 11/27/02)

2002        Nov, Pres. Bush approved the annual US entry of some 30,000 Mexican trucks beyond the current 20-mile border zone. On Jan 16, 2003, a federal appeals court halted the plan for environmental reviews.
    (SFC, 1/17/03, p.A5)

2002        Dec 5, In Mexico City an angry mob beat to death two of three youths who allegedly tried to rob a taxi driver.
    (AP, 12/6/02)

2002        Dec 11, Bank of America agreed to pay $1.6 billion for a 25% stake in Grupo Financiero Santander Serfin, one of Mexico’s largest banks.
    (WSJ, 12/12/02, p.A1)

2002        Dec 31, Mexico City's only English-language newspaper, The News, shut down along with its sister Spanish-language publication, Novedades, after more than 50 years in operation.
    (AP, 12/31/02)
2002        Dec 31, In Mexico illegal fireworks stands ignited in the port city of Veracruz as revelers thronged a marketplace to buy New Year's supplies. The blaze quickly engulfed an entire city block and killed at least 28 people.
    (AP, 1/1/03)

2002        Dec, Gunmen hired by Ricardo Salinas Pliego, owner of TV Azteca, took control of a small UHF TV station in Mexico City.
    (WSJ, 2/27/04, p.A1)

2002        Carlos Fuentes published his novel “La silla del aguila,” in Mexico. In 2006 an English translation by Kristina Cordero was published as “The Eagle’s Throne.”
    (SSFC, 5/27/06, p.M1)
2002        Mexico ended its visa requirement for Brazilians as both countries liberalized their trade regimes. Illegal immigration of Brazilians to the US via Mexico quickly increased.
    (WSJ, 1/24/05, p.A16)

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