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Timeline Mexico (D) 2003-2014

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2003        Jan 6, In Mexico a bus with failing brakes swerved off a mountain highway and into a deep ravine in Zacatecas state, killing 18 people and injuring 23.
    (AP, 1/7/03)

2003        Jan 15, Former New York City Mayor Rudolph Giuliani ended a two-day visit to Mexico's capital, declaring that fighting government corruption will be crucial in lowering crime.
    (AP, 1/15/03)

2003        Jan 19, Alfredo Zalce (b.1908), Mexican revolutionary artist, died.
    (www.zalce.com/)

2003        Jan 21, A 7.6-7.8 earthquake ripped through western and central Mexico, killing at least 29 people and leaving 10,000 homeless.
    (SFC, 1/23/03, p.A1)(AP, 1/21/04)
2003        Jan 21, Mexico appealed to the World Court to stop the execution of 51 of its citizens in the United States.
    (AP, 1/21/03)

2003        Jan 28, In Mexico, gunmen in San Juan Chamula ambushed police trying to arrest murder suspects, sparking a gunbattle that left 5 people dead.
    (AP, 1/28/03)

2003        Jan 31, In Mexico City tens of thousands of farmers clogged main streets, demanding greater protection against U.S. imports and seeking more government aid.
    (AP, 1/31/03)

2003        Feb 5, The World Court ruled that the United States must temporarily stay the execution of three Mexican citizens on U.S. death rows.
    (AP, 2/5/03)

2003        Feb 10, Mexican army troops seized 2.2 tons of cocaine from a plane that landed in northern Mexico after it reported mechanical problems. The three men onboard were arrested.
    (AP, 2/11/03)

2003        Feb 13, Thailand officials arrested SF financier Thomas Frank White at the request of the Mexican government for the rape of a teenage boy. In 2004 White was indicted in SF on 2 counts of sex tourism.
    (SSFC, 9/11/05, p.A2)

2003        Feb 14, Popocatepetl volcano southeast of Mexico City erupted but caused no significant damage.
    (AP, 2/14/03)

2003          Feb 16, In Mexico’s central Mexico state voters overwhelmingly approved a referendum in support of executing kidnappers, armed robbers and murderers.
    (AP, 2/17/03)

2003          Feb 17, In Mexico the bodies of 3 women were found in the desert outside of Ciudad Juarez, the latest victims in a string of killings in the border city.
    (AP, 2/18/03)

2003          Feb 25, In Mexico a court upheld the conviction of an Egyptian man,  Abdel Latif Sharif, for one of the first in a series of murders of women in the border city of Ciudad Juarez, but lowered the man’s prison sentence to 20 years.
    (AP, 2/26/03)

2003          Mar 10, Two helicopters from Mexico’s Attorney General’s office were shot down near Tlapa, Guerrero, in the nation’s western mountains during an anti-narcotics operation, killing all 5 officials on board.
    (AP, 3/11/03)

2003        Mar 14, In Matamoros, Mexico, police arrested drug lord Osiel Cardenas Guillen (35), aka "El Loco."
    (SFC, 3/15/03, p.A7)

2003        Mar 24, Mexico City police chief Marcelo Ebrard said that Leoluca Orlando, former mayor of Palermo, Italy, will be hired to combat crime. His work will complement Rudolph Giuliani's who hired on for $4.3 million.
    (AP, 3/25/03)

2003        Mar 24, In Texas a fire in a sugar-cane field killed 5 illegal Mexican immigrants hiding there.
    (WSJ, 3/25/03, p.A1)

2003        Mar 27, Mexican federal agents killed 2 suspected drug runners in a shootout near the Texas border.
    (AP, 3/27/03)

2003        Mar 29, In Mexico a small government plane crashed in the mountains of southern Mexico, killing all five people aboard. Passengers included Porfirio Encino Hernandez, state sec. for Indian affairs; his son and brother; Berenice Lopez, the daughter of former Gov. Javier Lopez; and pilot Guadalupe Gil.
    (AP, 4/1/03)

2003        Apr 2, In Mexico 9 people were found tortured and killed near the border city of Nuevo Laredo in apparent drug-related violence.
    (AP, 4/2/03)

2003        Apr 4, Mexican police over the last 2 days arrested 9 members of the powerful Juarez Cartel during raids across the country.
    (AP, 4/4/03)
2003        Apr 4, Adalberto Martinez (87), song and dance actor, died. He appeared in over 100 Mexican films and TV series from 1947-2000.
    (SSFC, 4/6/03, p.A23)

2003        Apr 7, Mexico said it would prepay $3.84 billion in the last outstanding Brady par bonds. They originally totaled $34 billion.
    (WSJ, 4/9/03, p.A10)

2003        Apr 9, Abraham Zabludovsky (78), Polish-born Mexican architect, died. His projects included the Rufino Tamayo Museum in Mexico City.
    (SFC, 4/11/03, p.A28)

2003        Apr 12, Mexican army troops manning a roadblock near the Arizona border seized a truck packed with more than four tons of marijuana.
    (AP, 4/13/03)

2003        Apr 21, In Uruapan, western Mexico, gunmen disguised as police killed six members of a family in a suspected drug gang dispute.
    (AP, 4/21/03)

2003        May 21, The Mexican Justice Department said that 258 women had been killed since 1993 in Ciudad Juarez.
    (AP, 5/22/03)

2003        Jun 6, In Balastrera, Mexico, a landslide followed by the blast of a ruptured gas pipeline hit a truck-stop town between Mexico City and Veracruz. 15 people were missing from the area.
    (AP, 6/6/03)

2003        Jun 12, The first-ever Mexican freedom of information law took effect, designed to expose the government and its once guarded records and secrets to greater public scrutiny.
    (AP, 6/12/03)

2003        Jun 18, Andrew Luster, a convicted rapist who is heir to the Max Factor fortune, was arrested after 5 months on the run. He was picked up by Mexican police in Puerto Vallarta as he scuffled with bounty hunters who had trailed him from California.
    (AP, 6/18/03)

2003        Jul 4, In Mexico gunmen in Las Choapas, Veracruz, killed a man believed to be a migrant trafficker and then fatally shot four bystanders, including a 12-year-old boy, apparently to avoid leaving witnesses.
    (AP, 7/5/03)

2003        Jul 6, Mexican voters issued a severe judgment on Pres. Vicente Fox's first three years in office, electing another divided Congress in which his party will have fewer seats and increasing the power of the former ruling party and the leftist opposition.
    (AP, 7/7/03)

2003        Jul 17, A US company launched Mexican sales of microchips that can be implanted under a person's skin and used to confirm health history and identity.
    (AP, 7/17/03)
2003        Jul 17, In Mexico a landslide triggered by heavy rains in the southern state of Oaxaca swept away two houses and killed nine people, including five children.
    (AP, 7/18/03)

2003        Jul 30, The last Volkswagen Beetle was produced in Puebla, Mexico. The first Beetles had arrived in 1956. Mexico had begun producing its own version of the Beetle in 1964.
    (WSJ, 7/31/03, p.A1)(SSFC, 9/14/08, p.A10)

2003        Aug 1, Mexican soldiers used a bazooka to return fire against cars believed to be carrying drug traffickers during a wild pre-dawn battle, killing three suspects.
    (AP, 8/1/03)

2003        Aug 4, Mexico's federal government dispatched some 650 federal agents to Tijuana in the latest attempt to curb smuggling and corruption in the rough border city.
    (AP, 8/4/03)

2003        Aug 15, Mexican troops arrested one of the country's most-wanted drug-traffic suspects, Armando Valencia, along with seven top figures in his ring in Tlajomulco near Guadalajara.
    (AP, 8/16/03)

2003        Aug 24,  Hurricane Ignacio sideswiped the southern tip of the Baja California peninsula.
    (AP, 8/24/08)

2003        Aug 29, In central Mexico a truck carrying sulphuric acid collided head-on with a sport-utility vehicle on a mountain road, killing five people and forcing dozens of people to hospitals after they inhaled the fumes.
    (AP, 8/30/03)

2003        Sep 3, It was reported that Lake Chapala in Jalisco state had lost some 80% of its water over the last 10 years due to heavy development in central Mexico and agricultural diversion of water from the Rio Lerma.
    (WSJ, 9/3/03, p.B1)

2003        Sep 10, In Cancun, Mexico, the WTO began its fifth ministerial meeting, with trade ministers from 146 countries expected to attend a five-day gathering to thrash out many problems surrounding the latest "round" of trade liberalization talks.
    (AP, 9/10/03)
2003        Sep 10, In Puebla, Mexico, a clandestine fireworks factory exploded, killing at least six people and injuring 12 others.
    (AP, 9/10/03)

2003        Sep 14, In Cancun, Mexico, the WTO talks collapsed when delegates from Africa, the Caribbean and Asia walked out accusing wealthy nations of failing to offer sufficient compromises on agriculture and other issues.
    (SFC, 9/15/03, p.A3)(AP, 9/14/08)

2003        Sep, British scientists found 40,000-year-old human footprints in central Mexico, shattering theories that mankind arrived in the Americas tens of thousands of years later from Asia. The footprints were found in an abandoned quarry close to the Cerro Toluquilla volcano and were subsequently studied and dated by a multinational team of scientists.
    (AFP, 7/5/05)

2003        Oct 10, It was reported that members of an elite Mexican army unit have deserted and formed a drug gang, using their military training to launch a violent battle for control of Nuevo Laredo. An estimated 31 of 350 members of the Special Air Mobile Force Group, posted to the border state of Tamaulipas in the 1990s, had deserted and joined the drug turf war.
    (AP, 10/10/03)

2003        Oct 20, Pres. Bush met with Mexico's Pres. Vicente Fox in Thailand and asked him to set aside disputes over immigration and Iraq.
    (AP, 10/20/03)

2003        Oct 24, In Mexico Mariano Diaz Mendez, a Pentecostal pastor of Indian descent, was shot twice inside the car in a roadside ditch in San Juan Chamula, a majority Catholic township just outside San Cristobal.
    (AP, 10/25/03)

2003        Oct 27, The southern California fires crossed into Mexico. The death toll climbed to 15 and damages were estimated to top $500 million.
    (SFC, 10/28/03, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/28/03, p.A1)

2003        Oct 28, In Mexico City high-level officials of the Organization of American States ended two day of talks with a new security agenda.
    (AP, 10/29/03)

2003        Oct 29, A Mexican electoral court annulled the results of the July 6 elections for the governorship of the southern state of Colima after concluding that the outgoing governor interfered in the race.
    (AP, 10/30/03)

2003        Nov 4, In Arizona Mexican President Vicente Fox stressed the importance of continuing a dialogue on immigration issues with the United States as he started a tour of 3 border states.
    (AP, 11/5/03)

2003        Nov 5, Mexican President Vicente Fox asked New Mexico state leaders for better treatment of illegal immigrants from his country.
    (AP, 11/5/03)

2003        Nov 7, The defending champion US baseball team failed to qualify for the 2004 Athens Olympics, losing to Mexico 2-1 in the quarterfinals of a qualifying tournament in Panama City, Panama.
    (AP, 11/7/08)

2003        Nov 11, Mexican diplomat Adolfo Aguilar Zinser (1949-2005), gave a speech to students at Mexico City's Ibero-American University, in which he claimed that the political and intellectual class of the United States sees Mexico as "a country whose position is that of a back yard" (patio trasero) and that Washington was only interested in "a relationship of convenience and subordination" and "a weekend fling" (un noviazgo de fin de semana). President Fox requested his resignation on 18 November.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adolfo_Aguilar_Z%C3%Adnser)

2003        Nov 12, Imelda Ortiz Abdala, a former Mexican consul to Lebanon, was arrested on charges of helping a smuggling ring move Arab migrants into the United States from Mexico. Federal agents over the previous 2 days arrested alleged ring leader Salim Boughader Mucharrafille along with alleged collaborators Melissa Ataja Valdez and Orlando Alfaro, in Tijuana. Ortiz Abdala was released in Feb 2005 after Foreign Relations Department officials testified that she acted properly and was never in a position to authorize visas on her own, according to Mexican court documents.
    (AP, 11/13/03)(AP, 7/15/05)

2003        Nov 17, Mexico dismissed UN Ambassador Adolfo Aguilar following his comments that the US regards Mexico as a 2nd-class country.
    (SFC, 11/19/03, p.A17)

2003        Nov 25, Sales of Mexican green onions plunged after a hepatitis outbreak in the US was traced to northwestern Mexico, forcing farmers in this valley to defend the safety of their produce and find ways to stay afloat financially.
    (AP, 11/25/03)

2003        Nov 27, Mexican government prosecutors said that they've uncovered a document showing that soldiers tortured suspected rebel prisoners during the 1970s, sometimes forcing them to drink gasoline and then setting them afire.
    (AP, 11/27/03)
2003        Nov 27, In Mexico City union members, left-wing activists and farmers by the thousand marched to the central plaza in a major display of opposition to the president's plans to raise taxes on food and medicine and sell state-owned assets.
    (AP, 11/27/03)

2003        Nov, Mexico broke a decades-old tradition of rejecting U.S. aid workers and decided to grant permission for the first group of U.S. Peace Corps volunteers ever to work there.
    (AP, 1/26/04)

2003        Dec 1, In Mexico Isidro Galeana (65), a former state judicials police commander, was declared a fugitive after a judge ordered his arrest on suspicion of kidnapping alleged leftists during the Mexican government's campaign against radical activists in 1974.
    (AP, 12/2/03)

2003        Dec 5, A bus plunged into a valley in the northern Mexico state of Zacatecas, killing 15 people and injuring 15 others.
    (AP, 12/6/03)

2003        Dec 9, In southern Mexico Salvatrucha gang members attacked illegal immigrants from Central America on a train, killing three people and wounding four in the latest in a series of violent incidents in the region. The Mara Salvatrucha spanned Central America. It was named for its Salvadoran founders, who claimed to be as wise as trout.
    (AP, 12/10/03)(Econ, 5/22/04, p.31)

2003        Dec 12, Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao arrived in Mexico in a bid to extend a string of recent diplomatic and economic successes in North America. In 2002 China shipped $6.3 billion in goods to Mexico, undercutting many local goods.
    (SFC, 12/4/03, p.A22)(AP, 12/12/03)

2003        Dec 13, Chinese Premier Web Jiabao sought to assure Mexican leaders that their country's economy is not threatened by China's lower wages and cheaper goods, saying the two nations are partners, not rivals.
    (AP, 12/13/03)

2003        Dec 27, Juan Garcia Ponce (71), a renowned Mexican art critic, translator and prize-winning novelist, died. Ponce was born in Merida, the capital of Yucatan state, on Sept. 22, 1932. The author of at least 50 books, Ponce wrote novels, plays, screenplays and essays and was considered a master of erotic literature.
    (AP, 12/28/03)(SFC, 12/29/03, p.A12)

2003        The Mexican housing industry built some 450,000 new homes, many of them near the town of Tecamac, north-east of Mexico City.
    (Econ, 8/28/04, p.33)

2003        Ricardo Salinas Pliego beat administrative insider-trading charges in Mexico on procedural grounds. Later he and a partner set up a shell company to buy Unefon debt for pennies and then resold the debt to Unefon, which they controlled, for the full price. The move netted them $109 million each at Unefon’s expense.
    (WSJ, 12/8/05, p.A11)

2003        Mexico passed legislation calling for native languages to be recognized as official languages of the state along with Spanish. Mexico also created a National Institute of Indigenous Languages, which began mapping where different indigenous languages were spoken.
    (WSJ, 2/24/06, p.A8)

2004        Jan 3, Isidro Galeana (65), a former state police commander and the first former government official to face arrest for his role in Mexico's "dirty war" of the 1960s and 1970s, died of a heart attack.
    (AP, 1/4/04)

2004        Jan 5, In Mexico heavily armed men in military and police-style uniforms raided the western prison at Apatzingan in Michoacan state and freed 25 inmates.
    (AP, 1/6/04)

2004        Jan 12, A 2-day meeting began for leaders of the 34 members of the Organization of American States opened in Monterrey, Mexico.
    (AP, 1/12/04)

2004        Jan 13, In Mexico the 34-nation Summit of the Americas ended. The United States reached out to its neighbors on free trade and battling corruption, smoothing tense relations with Latin American leaders.
    (AP, 1/13/04)(SFC, 1/14/04, p.A1)

2004        Jan 20, In Mexico gunmen ambushed and shot to death two federal agents and an army captain as they drove along a Mexico City expressway.
    (AP, 1/21/04)

2004        Jan 27, Mexican Army troops arrested Javier Torres Felix, an alleged leader of one of the largest drug trafficking organizations in western Mexico.
    (AP, 1/28/04)
2004        Jan 27, Mexican authorities in Ciudad Juarez said at least 11 bodies were found at a house that had been occupied by alleged drug lord Humberto Santillan Tabares.
    (ST, 1/28/04, p.A8)

2004        Jan, La Gloria English School opened on Isla Mujeres, Mexico. Maggie and Tom Washa of Wisconsin opened the school to help the local Mayan children.
    (SSFC, 9/25/05, E5)

2004        Feb 1, In Tepeyac, Mexico, a fight broke out between two families at an illegal cockfighting den, and seven people were killed.
    (AP, 2/3/04)

2004        Feb 6, In Mexico deputy ministers from 34 nations in the Americas failed to reach agreement on a framework for the Free Trade Area of the Americas, stymied by differences on the contentious issue of U.S. farm subsidies.
    (AP, 2/6/04)

2004        Feb 11, The bodies of 2 Americans, Francisco A. Antonielli (33) and James F. Bowtte (43), were discovered in a parking garage at the airport in Tijuana, Mexico, the apparent victims of a drug-related gunbattle.
    (AP, 2/11/04)

2004        Feb 17, Jose Lopez Portillo (83), former Mexican president (1976-1982) who governed through an oil-driven boom to a debt-induced bust, died of complications from pneumonia.
    (AP, 2/18/04)

2004        Mar 5, Pres. Bush welcomed Mexican Pres. Fox to his Texas ranch for a 2-day visit.
    (SFC, 3/06/04, p.A3)
2004        Mar 5, Mexican Air Force pilots filmed 11 unidentified flying objects in the skies over southern Campeche state. The video was publicly aired May10.
    (AP, 5/11/04)

2004        Mar 6, It was reported that 4 compromising videos have been released showing Mexican political party leaders and public servants accepting briefcases full of cash, gambling at the high rollers' table in Las Vegas and offering to procure business contracts for millions of dollars.
    (AP, 3/6/04)

2004        Mar 16, It was announced that Carlos Slim, owner of Mexico’s Telmex, planned to buy a controlling interest in Brazil’s biggest long distance operator, Embratel.
    (Econ, 3/20/04, p.64)

2004        Mar 19, A Mexican police raid led to the arrests of 42 immigration agents and other government employees accused of running a network that smuggled migrants into the US.
    (AP, 3/23/04)(SFC, 3/24/04, p.A1)

2004        Mar 27, Adan Sanchez (19), Mexican-American singer, died in a car crash in Sinaloa, Mexico. He was the son of narco-ballad singer Chalino Sanchez, murdered in 1992.
    (WSJ, 4/9/04, p.B1)

2004        Mar 29, In Mexico Pres. Fox unveiled a sweeping revision of the legal system.
    (WSJ, 3/30/04, p.A16)

2004        Mar 30, Cuba arrested Carlos Ahumada, a Mexican businessman, wanted in Mexico for his role in a graft scandal involving Mexico City Mayor Manuel Lopez Obrador. Ahumada was soon deported to Mexico.
    (WSJ, 4/29/04, p.A14)

2004        Mar 31, The International Court of Justice ruled that the United States violated the rights of 51 Mexicans on death row and ordered their cases be reviewed.
    (AP, 3/31/04)

2004        Mar, A biology professor said the monarch butterfly population wintering in Morelia, Mexico, was down 75%. Logging had severely impacted the area.
    (SFC, 2/24/05, p.A10)

2004        Apr 5, A flash flood swept through two border communities in northern Mexico, flooding rivers, washing away houses and killing 15 people. Dozens more were reported missing.
    (AP, 4/5/04)

2004        Apr 10, In Mexico a gas explosion leveled two buildings, killed at least six people and injured more than a dozen others in the border town of Nuevo Progreso.
    (AP, 4/11/04)

2004        Apr 12, In Mexico Morelos state Gov. Sergio Estrada ordered the firing of all 552 state police officers following charges that commanders provided protection to drug traffickers.
    (SFC, 4/13/04, p.A2)

2004        Apr 15, In western Mexico, an explosion tore through a small fireworks store in Tonala, killing seven people including a small child.
    (AP, 4/16/04)

2004        Apr 21, Otto Herrera (39), a Guatemalan man described by U.S. authorities as Central America's most-wanted drug smuggler, was captured by Mexican agents at Mexico City's Juarez Int'l. Airport. Mexico made the arrest at the request of U.S. authorities who had offered a $5 million reward for his capture.
    (AP, 4/22/04)

2004        May 2, In Mexico a small plane carrying federal anti-narcotics agents crashed, killing all seven people on board.
    (AP, 5/4/04)

2004        May 5, Mexico celebrated the 142nd anniversary of its victory over French forces.
    (AP, 5/6/04)

2004        May 6, A Mexican court sentenced eight drug-gang members to 40 years each in prison for their roles in the 1993 shooting of Cardinal Juan Jesus Posadas Ocampo and 6 others at a Guadalajara airport.
    (AP, 5/7/04)

2004        May 10, In Matamoros, Mexico, drug outlaw Alberto Guerrero, his bodyguard and 3 teenage girls were killed by a spray of bullets outside the Wild West dance hall. Ex-army commandos turned traffickers, known as Zetas, were responsible.
    (SFC, 6/22/04, p.D3)

2004        May 22, Bombs exploded outside three banks in Jiutepec, central Mexico, heavily damaging them but causing no injuries. A note near the bombing sites signed by a group calling itself the Comando Jaramillista Morelense 23 de Mayo — in tribute to the peasant leader Ruben Jaramillo, who was murdered along with his family by state forces on May 23, 1962.
    (AP, 5/23/04)

2004        May 27, Cuba and Mexico agreed to return their respective ambassadors following a dispute earlier this month.
    (WSJ, 5/28/04, p.A1)

2004        May 31, Felipe Calderon, Mexico's energy secretary resigned, a day after President Vicente Fox criticized him for an early jump into the 2006 presidential races.
    (AP, 5/31/04)

2004        May, A small poll of Mexicans ranked Mexico’s Congress as the worst government institution. Lawmakers met for only 2 days a weeks and 21 weeks a year. The average deputy earned $146,000 plus benefits. 200 of 500 lower house deputies were picked by party leaders.
    (WSJ, 7/8/04, p.A10)

2004        Jun 7, Russian President Vladimir Putin flew to Mexico for talks with his Pres. Fox, who has said he hoped to increase military cooperation with Moscow. Putin, the 1st Russian head-of-state to visit Mexico, said the two major oil producing nations should share knowledge on oil exploration and the energy sector.
    (AP, 6/7/04)
2004        Jun 7, The US Supreme court ordered US highways to be opened to long-haul Mexican trucks, rejecting objections by labor and environmental groups.
    (SFC, 6/8/04, A1)

2004        Jun 16, Jose Fernando Jimenez Lecona, Mexico City police official, was shot to death outside his home. Lecona, head of a high-risk crimes unit, was investigating a string of brazen kidnappings.
    (SFC, 6/18/04, p.A3)

2004        Jun 22, Francisco Ortiz Franco, Mexican newspaper, editor was shot to death in Tijuana.
    (AP, 6/22/05)

2004        Jun 27, Hundreds of thousands of Mexicans wearing white staged a silent march through the heart of their nation's capital to protest kidnappings, violent crimes and the failures of law enforcement to curb them.
    (AP, 6/27/04)

2004        Jul 5, Pres. Fox named Emilio Goicoechea Luna, a business chamber leader and senator, as the new chief of staff, and Ruben Aguilar Valenzuela, a presidential analyst, as media relations chief. The 2 positions were held by Alfonso Durazo who resigned saying that the first lady's political ambitions are out of control and Fox is acting like the autocrats he replaced.
    (AP, 7/6/04)
2004        Jul 5, Voters in Zacatecas, Mexico, elected Amalia Garcia (PRD), the country's first female governor since the end of one-party dominance. Pres. Fox's National Action Party lost badly in Chihuahua and Durango. It finished a distant third in Zacatecas,
    (AP, 7/5/04)

2004        Jul 18, Mexico and Cuba said they will reinstate ambassadors in each other's countries at the end of the month.
    (AP, 7/18/04)

2004        Jul 25, Carmen Gutierrez, a doctor who won Mexico's Woman of the Year award (1997), was found dead in a canal on the outskirts of Mexico City. She was kidnapped Jul 22.
    (AP, 7/29/04)

2004        Jul, The ship Mary Nour, filled with Russian cement, was denied permission to unload its cargo in Mexican ports under pressure from Cemex SA.
    (WSJ, 12/14/04, p.A12)

2004        Aug 1, Ulises Ruiz Ortiz (b.1958) was elected governor of Oaxaca, Mexico, by a narrow 2% margin. Defeated candidate Gabino Cue, nominated by an alliance mainly of Convergencia and the Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD), repeatedly alleged electoral fraud.
    (http://tinyurl.com/jnpk8)(Econ, 9/30/06, p.48)

2004        Aug 8, In San Juan Chamula, Mexico, hundreds of enraged residents of this impoverished Indian community locked the mayor and three other municipal officials in jail, claiming they embezzled funds from public works projects.
    (AP, 8/8/04)

2004        Aug 22, Gilberto Higuera Guerrero, alleged leader of the powerful Arellano Felix drug gang, was arrested before dawn at a house in the border city of Mexicali.
    (AP, 8/23/04)

2004        Aug 29, Mexico City's leftist Mayor Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador led more than 150,000 demonstrators in a march to protest efforts to impeach him.
    (AP, 8/30/04)

2004        Aug 30, Mexico’s state oil company said it believes that vast untapped oil reserves lie in the deep waters of the Gulf of Mexico.
    (WSJ, 8/31/04, p.A10)

2004        Aug 31, In Mexico suspects beat to death Francisco Arratia Saldierna (55), a newspaper columnist and dumped his body outside the offices of the Red Cross in the border city of Matamoros.
    (AP, 8/31/04)

2004        Sep 1, Capping a day of angry street protests and a strike by some 200,000 health care workers, President Vicente Fox spent much of his state-of-the-nation speech urging Mexicans to not give up on democracy, saying its "inherent problems are not cause for discouragement.
    (AP, 9/1/04)

2004        Sep 17, Mexico and Japan signed a free trade agreement that Mexicans hope will ease their reliance on the United States while encouraging Japan to build more factories there. PM Junichiro Koizumi wrapped up a four-day Latin American trip then headed for New York to pitch for a permanent Japanese seat on the UN Security Council.
    (AP, 9/17/04)

2004        Oct 13, A Mexican judge found bus driver Victor Garcia Uribe, guilty of eight slayings, giving prosecutors their second conviction in the decade-long series of murders of women in the border city of Ciudad Juarez.
    (AP, 10/13/04)

2004        Oct 21, Four gunmen abducted three U.S. citizens on a rural highway in southern Mexico, shot and killed two of them and left the third, a pregnant woman, bound and gagged. Her testimony led to arrests the next day of Isidro Diaz Pineda, Reynaldo Hernandez Ramirez, Francisco Velazquez Paredes and David Gaona Mondragon, all of Tierra Caliente.
    (AP, 10/23/04)

2004        Oct 29, Mexican police and federal agents alleged Zetas leader Rogelio Gonzalez Pizana, alias "El Kelin," a top drug hit man during a fierce shootout in the border city of Matamoros. Scores of suspected assassins and drug smugglers used hand grenades and assault rifles to fire back at authorities.
    (AP, 10/30/04)

2004        Nov 7, In central Mexico gunmen, identified as local police officers, opened fire on a group of revelers returning from a weekend dance, killing 7 people, including 2 children.
    (AP, 11/9/04)

2004        Nov 12, Mexico and a US environmental group agreed on a plan to protect 370,000 acres of tropical forest on the Yucatan Peninsula. Officials said it was the largest conservation project in the country's history.
    (AP, 11/12/04)

2004        Nov 15, Mexico's former ruling party, trying to fight its way back to the presidency, overwhelmingly won two gubernatorial elections and held razor-thin leads in two other races.
    (AP, 11/16/04)

2004        Nov 23, In Mexico City a mob angry about recent child abductions cornered plainclothes federal agents taking photos of students at a school and burned the officers alive, mistaking the agents for kidnappers.
    (AP, 11/24/04)

2004        Nov 25, In Mexico the bodies of 9 people, including three federal agents, were discovered at two sites outside Cancun, and police are blaming the killings on a drug turf war.
    (AP, 11/26/04)
2004        Nov 25, Mexican federal investigators said that two Mexico City police and 27 other people face homicide charges in the horrific vigilante killings of two federal agents this week.
    (AP, 11/26/04)

2004        Nov 28, In Mexico gunmen killed Gregorio Rodriguez, a newspaper photographer, as he and his family ate in a restaurant the state of Sinaloa, the home turf of nearly all of Mexico's top drug bosses.
    (AP, 11/29/04)

2004        Dec 2, Interior Secretary Santiago Creel announced authorities had arrested 224 street gang members during a weeklong sweep across Mexico.
    (AP, 12/3/04)

2004        Dec 5, Authorities outside Mexico City found the body of Enrique Salinas (51), the former Pres. Salinas’ brother, with a bag tied around his head. 2 federal police officers were arrested in 2005 for trying to extort money Salinas prior to his murder.
    (AP, 7/15/05)   

2004        Dec 6, President Vicente Fox fired Mexico City's police chief for allegedly bungling the response to a mob attack that killed two federal police officers.
    (AP, 12/6/04)(WSJ, 12/7/04, p.A1)(SFC, 7/15/05, p.A3)

2004        Dec 19, It was reported that Pres. Vicente Fox’s administration had failed thus far  to dent corruption inside Mexico’s 445 prisons and jails.
    (SSFC, 12/19/04, p.A21)

2004        Dec 22, In Mexico an explosion at a pumping station near Santiago Tuxtla caused a burst of high pressure that ruptured the oil line 70 miles away in Nanchital. 210,000 gallons of oil flowed into the Coatzacoalcos River, creating a 10-mile-long slick extending into the gulf.
    (AP, 12/24/04)

2004        Dec 23, Mexico's state-owned oil monopoly will be fined as much as $200,000 and could face criminal charges for spilling 5,000 barrels of crude into a river leading to the Gulf of Mexico a day earlier.
    (AP, 12/23/04)

2004        Dec, The Mexican government began distributing a comic-book guide that warns would-be migrants about the perils of crossing illegally into the US and offers tips to stay safe.
    (AP, 1/5/05)

2004        Jorge Hank (48) was elected major of Tijuana. His father was a former mayor of Mexico City and Jorge himself had amassed an estimated $1 billion fortune through hundreds of casinos and betting parlors throughout Latin America.
    (SSFC, 8/5/07, p.A15)

2004        Development began of the new Film Colony on the edge of San Miguel de Allende, Mexico’s 1st privately financed film studio complex.
    (Econ, 1/10/04, p.31)

2004        Mexico’s population grew almost 1.1 million in 2004 to 105,909,000.
    (SFC, 12/29/04, p.A3)

2004        Earl Shorris authored “The Life and Times of Mexico,” a collective biography of the country’s people.
    (SSFC, 12/12/04, p.E6)

2005        Jan 1, Mexico was forecast for 3.1% annual GDP growth with a population at 106.2 million and GDP per head at $6,300.
    (Econ, 1/8/05, p.92)

2005        Jan 6, President Vicente Fox announced that all Mexican children with cancer will receive free treatment as long as they need it.
    (AP, 1/6/05)
2005        Jan 6, In Ciudad Juarez, Mexico, 10 alleged gang members were convicted in the killings of 12 women, some of the hundreds who have been found slain there in recent years. The Los Toltecas members were arrested in 1999, after the reputed leader of their group, Jesus Manuel Guardado, alias "El Tolteca," was identified by a 14-year-old girl as the man who sexually assaulted and tried to kill her.
    (AP, 1/7/05)

2005        Jan 11, Mudslides in Tijuana, Mexico, killed 3 children and damaged 140 homes.
    (SFC, 1/13/05, p.A3)

2005        Jan 14, Over 750 Mexican federal police and soldiers seized control over the nation's top-security prison amid reports of a planned escape, possible murder plots and a jailhouse alliance between two reputed drug trafficking kingpins.
    (AP, 1/14/05)(SFC, 1/15/05, p.A3)

2005        Jan 20, In Mexico 6 prison workers were shot to death and left outside their lockup in Matamoros, following a federal crackdown against drug gangs at lockups across the nation.
    (AP, 1/20/05)

2005        Jan 22, Consuelo Velazquez (84), whose song "Besame Mucho" became a standard in many languages and styles of music, died in Mexico City.
    (AP, 1/25/05)

2005        Jan 24, China's vice president expressed a strong desire to increase economic and diplomatic cooperation with Mexico while meeting with Mexican lawmakers.
    (AP, 1/24/05)

2005        Feb 5, In Mexico assailants staged 3 nearly simultaneous guerrilla-style attacks in Acapulco, killing 3 police officers and a teenage boy a day before a tense gubernatorial election.
    (AP, 2/6/05)

2005        Feb 6, Mexico's main leftist party, the Democratic Revolution Party, ended 76 years of rule by the Institutional Revolutionary Party, or PRI, in the Pacific coast state of Guerrero. Democratic Revolution held on to the governorship of Baja California Sur, while the PRI held on to Quintana Roo, the site of Cancun.
    (AP, 2/7/05)

2005        Feb 15, In Mexico the bodies of 12 men killed by hitmen believed linked to drug gangs were found in the northern state of Sinaloa, in what appears to be one of the deadliest one-day tolls in violent drug battles in recent years.
    (AP, 2/15/05)

2005        Feb 17, Two US Border Patrol agents in Texas stopped a van carrying 743 pounds of marijuana and shot Osvaldo Aldrete-Davila, an admitted Mexican drug smuggler, as he fled back across the Rio Grande. In 2006 agents Ignacio Ramos and Jose Compean were sentenced to 11 and 12 years in prison for offenses that included violating the smuggler’s civil rights and failure to report the shooting to superiors. In 2007 Latino gang members beat Ignacio Ramos at the Yazoo City Federal Correctional Complex in Mississippi. Both agents were freed in 2009 following a commute of their sentences by outgoing Pres. George Bush.
    (SFC, 10/20/06, p.A6)(SSFC, 2/18/07, p.A11)(SFC, 2/18/09, p.A6)

2005        Feb 23, Mexico’s high court blocked prosecution of ex-President Echeverria for “dirty war” crimes in the 1970s ruling that the statute of limitations has run out.
    (WSJ, 2/24/05, p.A1)

2005        Feb 24, In western Mexico an executive jet crashed, killing the governor of Colima state and all five other people aboard.
    (AP, 2/24/05)

2005        Feb 28, Mexican prosecutors charged 27 state, federal and local police in Cancun with running a drug ring or aiding in the murder of their fellow officers, busting one of Mexico's largest police-protection rackets and solving the mystery behind the killing of three federal agents in November.
    (AP, 3/1/05)

2005        Mar 9, In southern Mexico a federal government helicopter searching for gunmen protecting drug plantations crashed into a mountain, killing all nine soldiers and two pilots onboard.
    (AP, 3/10/05)

2005        Mar 13, Vigilantes in Oaxaca, Mexico, killed a state police officer setting him on fire in revenge for the shooting of a taxi driver in a barroom brawl.
    (AP, 3/13/05)

2005        Mar 23, Pres. Bush, Pres. Fox, and PM Paul Martin at a one-day summit in Texas signed a deal that provides for sweeping co-operation between Canada, Mexico and the US on security, economic and health issues. There was no sign of progress on touchy trade disputes. They agreed to boost border security and forge common approaches on everything from cargo inspection to maritime and aviation safety.
    (AP, 3/24/05)

2005        Apr 5, Guadalupe Garcia Escamilla (39), radio reporter, was wounded in the chest, abdomen, legs and arms during an attack in the Mexican border city of Nuevo Laredo, across from Laredo, Texas. She died from her wounds April 16.
    (AP, 4/17/05)

2005        Apr 7, Mexico City's leftist mayor formally declared his intention to run for president next year even as Congress was to decide whether he should face criminal charges for allegedly disobeying a court order in a land-use case.
    (AP, 4/8/05)

2005        Apr 8, Lawmakers stripped Mexico City's mayor of immunity from prosecution, clearing the way for criminal charges. The shaky legal case against Lopez Obrador alleges that in 2001, the city government failed for 11 months to obey a court order to vacate contested land that it had expropriated for the purpose of building a road.
    (AP, 4/8/05)
2005        Apr 8, Raul Gibb Guerrero, director of La Opinion of Poza Rica newspaper, was shot to death in an apparent ambush by drug hit men, the 2nd attack on Mexican journalists in a week.
    (AP, 4/9/05)

2005        Apr 14, In Mexico 3 would-be casino developers were killed outside a popular Monterrey restaurant. The murders delayed a congressional vote to amend a gambling ban and sparked calls for stricter controls on the few places Mexicans are allowed to place bets.
    (AP, 5/1/05)

2005        Apr 18, The annual Goldman Environmental Prizes were awarded in San Francisco. Recipients included Isidro Baldenegro (39) of Mexico for his efforts on land rights and forest protection for the Tarahumara Indians
    (SFC, 4/18/05, p.B2)

2005        Apr 20, Mexican prosecutors charged Mexico City's popular leftist mayor with abuse of authority in a case that could knock him out of the 2006 presidential race.
    (AP, 4/21/05)(WSJ, 4/21/05, p.A1)

2005        Apr 24, Hundreds of thousands of demonstrators thronged Mexico City's central square and surrounding streets to protest the federal prosecution of the capital city mayor, a leading contender for president in 2006.
    (AP, 4/25/05)

2005        May 4, Mexico's government cleared the capital's mayor of wrongdoing, conceding defeat in a nasty political fight that ousted an attorney general and raised criticisms that President Vicente Fox was trying to block his top rival from running for president.
    (AP, 5/5/05)

2005        May 9, Leftist Mexico City Mayor Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador announced that he will resign on July 31 to run for president.
    (AP, 5/9/05)

2005        May 13, Pres. Fox praised the dedication of Mexicans working in the US, saying they're willing to take jobs that "even blacks" won't do. Pres. Fox apologized for his comments a few days later saying he regretted any hurt feelings his statements may have caused.
    (AP, 5/17/05)(SFC, 5/17/05, p.A3)

2005        May 16, Mexican President Vicente Fox regretted any hurt feelings for saying that Mexicans in the United States were doing the work that even blacks wouldn't.
    (AP, 5/16/06)

2005        May 24, In Mexico Eduardo Villalobos, the director of a state prison in the border city of Mexicali, was shot to death in an ambush outside his home.
    (AP, 5/24/05)

2005        Jun 3, Oscar Espinosa Villarreal, former Mexico City mayor (1994-1998) and tourism secretary, was sentenced to seven and a half years in prison for embezzling government funds and ordered to pay more than $26 million in reparations.
    (AP, 6/4/05)

2005        Jun 5, Adolfo Aguilar Zinser (b.1949), Mexican scholar and diplomat, died.
    (Econ, 6/18/05, p.83)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adolfo_Aguilar_Z%C3%Adnser)

2005        Jun 8, In Mexico Alejandro Dominguez took office as police chief of Nuevo Laredo, saying he wasn't afraid of anything. Nine hours later, he was ambushed and killed by gunmen who fired some three dozen times.
    (AP, 6/9/05)

2005        Jun 10, In Mexico lawyers for the brother of a former Mexican president sought his release on bail after an appeals court threw out his 27-year murder sentence.
    (AP, 6/10/05)

2005        Jun 11, In Mexico a plain clothes federal officer, sent to investigate the killing of the police chief of Nuevo Laredo, was shot and killed a local policeman. In response the government announced new program dubbed “Safe Mexico” to curb drug related violence and corruption.
    (Econ, 6/18/05, p.34)

2005        Jun 14, Raul Salinas, the brother of former Mexican president Carlos Salinas de Gortari, was released on bail after 10 years in prison on charges he masterminded the 1994 killing of a political rival.
    (AP, 6/14/05)

2005        Jun 15, Mexico's Supreme Court ruled that former Mexican President Luis Echeverria can be charged with genocide for his alleged involvement in the 1971 massacre of student protesters.
    (AP, 6/15/05)

2005        Jun 19, Mexico City introduced metrobus, a new Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) system.
    (SSFC, 8/7/05, p.A11)

2005        Jun 21, Nuevo Laredo Mayor Daniel Pena said that 150 police officers will be fired after failing a screening process that included background checks and drug testing. Former Mexican soldiers, turned into drug hit men (Zetas), have taken the border city to the brink of anarchy, infiltrating local police and threatening anyone who gets in their way.
    (AP, 6/21/05)

2005        Jun 22, Consuelo Velazquez (b.1916), Mexican pianist and composer, died. Her music included Besame Mucho, first recorded in 1941 by Emilio Tuero. It was the romantic vision of a chaste, convent-educated teenager growing up in 1930s Mexico, and was inspired by the sight of a smooching couple in the street.
    (www.guardian.co.uk/news/2005/jan/26/guardianobituaries.artsobituaries1)

2005        Jun 26, In Nuevo Laredo, Mexico, 44 kidnap victims were freed in a series of raids by soldiers and federal agents. Deputy Attorney General Gilberto Higuera said those rescued were apparently "involved in criminal activities and were not victims of kidnappings" for ransom.
    (AP, 6/27/05)

2005        Jun 28, Lawmakers overwhelming approved a law allowing millions of Mexicans living abroad to vote by mail in next year's presidential election.
    (AP, 6/28/05)
2005        Jun 28, Mexico's Zapatista rebels suggested they would seek to open a political front with workers, farmers and students, a decision the government interpreted as a move toward joining mainstream politics and away from armed struggle.
    (AP, 6/28/05)

2005        Jun 29, Mexico released a series of five stamps depicting a child character from a comic book started in the 1940s that is still published in Mexico. The stamps depicted an exaggerated black cartoon character known as Memin Pinguin.
    (AP, 6/30/05)

2005        Jun 30,  Pres. Fox signed a bill allowing millions of Mexicans living abroad to vote by mail in next year's presidential election.
    (AP, 7/1/05)
2005        Jun 30, In Honduras Central American leaders agreed to create a regional special forces unit to fight drug trafficking, gang violence and terrorism within their borders. The 2-day regional meeting included the presidents of Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, Nicaragua, and Panama.
    (AP, 6/30/05)

2005        Jul 3, In Mexico State the former ruling party (PRI) added momentum for the upcoming presidential race with a crushing victory.
    (AP, 7/4/05)

2005        Jul 6, In Mexico Omar Pimentel (37), Nuevo Laredo's new police chief, survived his 1st day on the job with 3 bodyguards shadowing his every move, but one of his police officers was killed and 2 other policemen badly wounded by shots fired from a truck at their private car.
    (AP, 7/7/05)
2005        Jul 6, In Acapulco, Mexico, gunmen fired a spray of bullets at Jose Ruben Robles Catalan, a former Guerrero state official as he entered a hotel lobby with his 6-year-old grandson, killing him and his chauffeur.
    (AP, 7/6/05)

2005        Jul 8, In rural southeastern Mexico a series of explosions at a natural gas pipeline killed two people and set fire to houses, cars and cattle near Cunduacan.
    (AP, 7/10/05)

2005        Jul 11, Hugo Alberto Wallace (36), a divorced entrepreneur, was kidnapped as he left a movie theater in Mexico City. In 2007 Brenda Quevedo was arrested in Louisville, Kentucky, after Maria Isabel Miranda, the mother of Wallace, received a tip and tracked her down. Frustrated with investigators' lack of progress in her son's 2005 kidnapping, Miranda launched her own investigation, tracking down five suspects. In 2009 Quevedo was extradited to Mexico.
    (www.nytimes.com/2006/04/04/world/americas/04kidnapping.html)(AP, 9/26/09)

2005        Jul 18, Hurricane Emily slammed into Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula as a powerful Category 4 storm.
    (AP, 7/18/05)

2005        Jul 20, In Mexico more than 1,000 people marched through the streets of the colonial capital of southern Oaxaca state to demand that picketers disband a blockade that has trapped journalists inside a newspaper building for about a month.
    (AP, 7/21/05)
2005        Jul 20, Hurricane Emily slammed into northeastern Mexico with 125 mph winds.
    (AP, 7/20/05)

2005        Jul 22, Mexican authorities raided a kidnapping ring that filmed its victims being held inside a cage and beaten. An abducted businessman was freed and five people were arrested. The gang operated in Mexico City and outlying areas in Puebla and Mexico State.
    (AP, 7/23/05)

2005        Jul 31, In southern Mexico former soldier Oscar Flores (35) killed his wife, infant nephew and a police officer in a vicious rampage that left 10 people dead before being wounded by police and killed by an angry crowd.
    (AP, 8/1/05)

2005        Aug 1, In Tonala, Mexico, assailants threw grenades into a crowded cockfighting ring before dawn, killing four people and wounding 25 others.
    (AP, 8/2/05)

2005        Aug 6, Leonardo Rodriguez Alcaine (b.1919), Mexican trade union leader and a long-serving legislator of the Revolutionary Institutional Party, died. He presided over the Workers' Confederation of Mexico (CTM) from July 21, 1997 until his death.
    (Econ, 11/12/05, p.39)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leonardo_Rodr%C3%ADguez_Alcaine)

2005        Aug 12, A Mexican judge issued an arrest warrant for Gen. Francisco Quiros, accused of ordering the disappearance of leftist folk singer Rosendo Radilla on Aug 25, 1974. Quiros was already in prison serving a drug sentence.
    (AP, 8/12/05)
2005        Aug 12, New regulations in Tijuana, Mexico, called for the city to issue electronic cards to replace pink, pocket-size health history books given to Tijuana's 4,700 registered prostitutes. The new standards were modeled after those in the Mexican cities of Monterrey and Acapulco.
    (AP, 9/16/05)
2005        Aug 12, Peter Hommerson, a fugitive charged with killing a wealthy Illinois couple on Jan 23, 1996, was captured at a Mexican resort after tourists recognized him from a crime watch television program.
    (AP, 8/12/05)

2005        Aug 25, In central Mexico a rain-swollen river overflowed its banks and flooded the town of Aguililla, leaving five people dead and five others missing.
    (AP, 8/26/05)

2005        Aug, Judi Werthein (38), Argentine-born artist, introduced special shoes at Insite, an art exhibition in San Diego and Tijuana, designed to help migrants cross the US-Mexico border. The “Brinco” sneakers were equipped with a compass, flashlight and other special features.
    (SFC, 11/18/05, p.A2)

2005        Sep 1, President Vicente Fox, in his last state-of-the-nation address, urged citizens to stay committed to Mexico's newfound democracy and to remind them that they are in charge of the nation's future.
    (AP, 9/2/05)

2005        Sep 3, In Tlacotepec, Mexico, 75 miles north of Acapulco, fireworks stored at a building that also illicitly sold gasoline exploded, killing seven people and injuring four.
    (AP, 9/3/05)

2005        Sep 8, A Mexican army convoy began crossing into the US to bring aid to victims of Hurricane Katrina.
    (AP, 9/8/05)
2005        Sep 8, El Salvador said that “Operation International” simultaneous raids this week in El Salvador, the US, Honduras, Guatemala, and Mexico netted 660 dangerous gang members.
    (AP, 9/9/05)

2005        Sep 10, In Mexico 7 Guatemala men were caught near the Guatemalan border with six large-caliber rifles and 1,600 rounds of ammunition. They faced charges of weapons trafficking.
    (AP, 9/30/05)

2005        Sep 11, Mexico's ruling National Action Party gave former Energy Secretary Felipe Calderon a surprise victory in the first round of its three-part presidential primary.
    (AP, 9/11/05)

2005        Sep 12, In Mexico Chinese President Hu Jintao promised Mexican leaders that he would crack down on the millions of dollars worth of Chinese contraband entering their nation, goods that undermine Mexican businesses ranging from sandal makers to religious icon sellers.
    (AP, 9/12/05)

2005        Sep 15, A fire engulfed Mexico's most famous fireworks market, setting off a chain of explosions in Tultepec, a town northeast of the nation's capital. The fire destroyed hundreds of open-air stands just ahead of Independence Day celebrations.
    (AP, 9/15/05)

2005        Sep 16, The Volcano of Fire in western Mexico blasted ash and gas three miles high, with an explosion that was heard in villages 10 miles from the crater.
    (AP, 9/16/05)

2005        Sep 19, In Mexico a special federal prosecutor sought the arrest of ex-President Luis Echeverria and other former officials for their alleged involvement in the massacre of student protesters in 1968.
    (AP, 9/19/05)

2005        Sep 21, A cabinet minister who helped lead Mexico's anti-drug fight, his deputy and seven others died in a helicopter crash in the mountains west of Mexico City. The helicopter, carrying Public Safety Secretary Ramon Martin Huerta, Federal Preventive Police Chief Tomas Valencia, five other passengers and a crew of two, had taken off from a military parade ground in Mexico City.
    (AP, 9/22/05)

2005        Sep 26-2005 Sep 27, Intense rains throughout southern Mexico and parts of Central America caused rivers to overflow, killing at least 3 people and forcing thousands to flee their homes.
    (AP, 9/28/05)

2005        Sep, In Mexico Bishop Ramon Godinez declared that drug traffickers often donate to the church. He argued that the money is "purified" once it passes through parish doors.
    (AP, 10/5/05)

2005        Oct 1, The outer bands of Hurricane Otis lashed the coast of western Mexico as the storm crawled toward the Baja California peninsula, forcing hundreds of families to evacuate their homes and flooding roads in Cabo San Lucas.
    (AP, 10/2/05)

2005        Oct 2, Felipe Calderon, Mexico's former energy secretary, appeared headed toward another victory in the 2nd round of the ruling National Action Party's 3-part presidential primary.
    (AP, 10/2/05)

2005        Oct 4, Hurricane Stan slammed into Mexico’s Gulf coast.
    (AP, 10/4/06)

2005        Oct 5, Hurricane Stan knocked down trees, ripped roofs off homes and washed out bridges in southeastern Mexico, but it was the storms it helped spawn that were far more destructive, killing more than 65 people in Central America. Officials in El Salvador said 49 people had been killed, mostly due to two days of mudslides sparked by rains. 9 people died in Nicaragua, including six migrants believed to be Ecuadorians killed in a boat accident. Four deaths were reported in Honduras, three in Guatemala and one in Costa Rica.
    (AP, 10/5/05)

2005        Oct 6-2005 Oct 8, In Guatemala rescue workers searched for victims of a mudslide near Lake Atitlan, a volcano-ringed lake popular with tourists. Panabaj and Tzanchaz were entombed by a mudflow half a mile wide. The death toll in the region from flooding sparked by Hurricane Stan soon climbed to 617 with 42 dead in Mexico, 72 dead in El Salvador and 11 dead in Nicaragua.
    (SFC, 10/7/05, p.A3)(AP, 10/9/05)(Econ, 10/15/05, p.43)

2005        Oct 11, It was reported that a serial killer, dubbed the "Mataviejitas," or "Little Old Lady Killer," was stalking Mexico City. The killer was said to wear women's clothes and strangled and battered old ladies in their homes.
    (AP, 10/11/05)

2005        Oct 21, Hurricane Wilma slammed into the island of Cozumel, starting a long, grinding march across Mexico's resort-studded coastline. Wilma flooded streets, knocked out power and stranded thousands of tourists in sweltering shelters. Hurricane Wilma tore into Mexico’s Yucatan peninsula, after killing 13 people in Haiti and Jamaica.
    (AP, 10/21/05)(AP, 10/22/06)

2005        Oct 22, Hurricane Wilma crawled over Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula, keeping some 30,000 tourists huddled in hotels and shelters amid shrieking winds and shattering glass.
    (AP, 10/22/05)

2005        Oct 23, Mexico's ruling party chose Felipe Calderon, the nation's former energy secretary, as its candidate for presidential elections next July.
    (AP, 10/23/05)
2005        Oct 23, Hurricane Wilma drifted northward away from Mexico’s Yucatan peninsula where the storm left 8 people dead. In 2006 insurers put the damage from Wilma at $3 billion, the largest insured losses in Mexican history.
    (AP, 10/23/05)(Econ, 10/29/05, p.38)(AP, 10/19/06)

2005        Oct 24, Luis Velasquez (51), A Roman Catholic parish priest was found shot to death in his car with his hands cuffed in the rough border city of Tijuana, in what police said appeared to be an organized-crime killing.
    (AP, 10/24/05)

2005        Oct 27, The Mexican government announced that former "bracero" guest workers, who labored in the United States between the 1942 and 1964, will get a one-time payment of about $3,500. The aging workers, who have protested for years, described the payment as insulting and said it should be at least $9,175.
    (AP, 10/27/05)(SFC, 10/28/05, p.A22)

2005        Oct 28, Mexico became the 100th country to ratify the treaty founding the world's first permanent war crimes tribunal, which the United States has opposed.
    (AP, 10/28/05)

2005        Nov 4, In Argentina Mexico’s Pres. Vicente Fox said that a majority of nations in the Western Hemisphere will consider moving forward with negotiations to create a huge new free trade zone without the participation of dissenting countries like Venezuela.
    (AP, 11/4/05)

2005        Nov 9, Mexico reported that consumer prices fell to a record low in October and that inflation was rapidly approaching the central bank’s target of 3%.
    (WSJ, 11/10/05, p.A15)

2005        Nov 10, Mexican prosecutors announced they have filed kidnapping and organize crime charges against seven police officers accused of protecting hit men working for the feared Tijuana-based Arellano Felix drug cartel.
    (AP, 11/11/05)

2005        Nov 11, Mexican agents arrested Ricardo Garcia Urquiza, a former medical student, who seized control of the remnants of the Juarez cartel.
    (AP, 11/21/05)

2005        Nov 14, Mexico said it will sever diplomatic ties with Venezuela if Pres. Chavez doesn't apologize for warning Mexican leader Vicente Fox: "Don't mess with me." Mexico and Venezuela called their ambassadors home in a sharp dispute between presidents Hugo Chavez and Vicente Fox over the latter's relations with Washington.
    (AP, 11/14/05)(AP, 11/15/05)

2005        Nov 15, In northwest Mexico a tanker truck hauling toxic ammonium chloride slammed into a passenger bus, killing 38 people as both vehicles plunged down an embankment.
    (AP, 11/16/05)

2005        Nov 16, Mexico’s Supreme Court ruled that rape within marriage is a crime.
    (SFC, 11/17/05, p.A12)

2005        Nov 17, Mexico's Supreme Court voted 11-1 that the Pascual Cooperative, a bottler specializing in Mexico's traditional fruit-flavored and fruit-based soft drinks, did not rate protection as a public interest.
    (AP, 11/18/05)

2005        Nov 20, The Vatican beatified 13 Mexicans who died during a Roman Catholic uprising in the late 1920s that was crushed by the Mexican government.
    (AP, 11/20/05)

2005        Nov 28, Mexico changed its constitution to allow state and local police to pursue drug traffickers, removing a major stumbling block in anti-drug efforts that had long been the exclusive realm of federal officers.
    (AP, 11/28/05)

2005        Nov 29, Mexico's Supreme Court ruled that suspects facing life in prison can be extradited, overturning a 4-year-old ban that had prevented many of the country's most notorious criminals from being sent to the United States.
    (AP, 11/29/05)
2005        Nov 29, CINTRA sold Mexicana airlines and its subsidiary, Click Mexicana, to the Mexican hotel chain Grupo Posadas for USD$165.5 million.
    (Econ, 8/14/10, p.53)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mexicana_de_Aviaci%C3%B3n)

2005        Nov 30, Mexican officials said that they are investigating a homemade DVD purporting to show four drug hitmen for the Gulf Cartel being beaten and interrogated, then one of them being shot in the head.
    (AP, 12/01/05)

2005        Dec 1, The Mexican Attorney General's office said 11 federal agents were charged with kidnapping for picking up four alleged drug hit men and possibly helping kill them.
    (AP, 12/02/05)

2005        Dec 2, The Mexico City government said 5 federal agents arrested in connection with the videotaped torture and killing of drug hitmen have been released from prison for lack of evidence.
    (AP, 12/03/05)

2005        Dec 10, Mexican police raided a house outside Mexico City, capturing two alleged kidnappers and rescuing three people, including an 8-year-old girl, who had been held for more than two months. Police detained Israel Vallarta, a Mexican, and Marie Louise Cassez Florence, a Frenchwoman. The two allegedly belonged to a gang called "The Zodiac," tied to at least 10 kidnappings and one murder. Florence Cassez was later sentenced to 60 years in prison for 3 kidnappings. In 2010 Florence Cassez released a book about her case. It describes a series of inconsistencies in the case that she says weren't taken into account.
    (AP, 12/10/05)(AP, 3/10/09)(AP, 9/23/10)

2005        Dec 14, Officials said Mexico and the US broke up a counterfeiting ring that printed an estimated $5 million in fake $100 bills in Mexico and sold them across the border.
    (AP, 12/15/05)
2005        Dec 14, Carlos Delgadillo Martinez died after losing his grip on an inner tube while trying to cross the Rio Grande near Laredo, Texas. In 2011 jurors acquitted helicopter pilot James Peters (41) of lying about his role in Delgadillo’s death.
    (SFC, 9/3/11, p.A4)(http://tinyurl.com/3nzc2z7)

2005        Dec 15, A Mexican judge committed 8 relatives to the psychiatric ward of a prison for the ritualistic slayings of two young family members that shocked Mexico with their brutality. Officials said the parents, grandparents and aunts of a 7-month-old and 13-year-old hacked a baby to death and fatally stoned a teenager earlier this month after they became convinced the girls were demons or possessed by the devil.
    (AP, 12/16/05)

2005        Dec 17, The Mexican government slammed the US Congress for approving an immigration bill that would tighten border controls and make it harder for undocumented immigrants to get jobs.
    (AP, 12/17/05)
2005        Dec 17, In Mexico 6 people were stabbed or battered to death during a prison gang fight in Ciudad Juarez, across the US border from El Paso, Texas.
    (AP, 12/17/05)

2005        Dec 20, The Mexican government, angered by a U.S. proposal to extend a wall along the border to keep out migrants, pledged to block the plan and organize an international campaign against it.
    (AP, 12/21/05)

2005        Dec 29, Seven policemen in the southern Mexican state of Chiapas were detained on suspicion of stealing relief packages intended for hurricane victims.
    (AP, 12/29/05)

2005        Dec 31, Guillermo Martinez (18) died in a Tijuana hospital one day after he was shot by a US Border Patrol agent near a metal wall separating that city from San Diego. On Jan 2 Mexico opened an investigation into the killing saying he was shot while sneaking into California, using the death to draw attention to a contentious US anti-immigration measure. In 2008 the US Dept. of Justice cleared the Border Patrol agent of any wrongdoing.
    (AP, 1/3/06)(SFC, 2/16/08, p.A4)

2005        Dec, Mexico’s attorney general’s office released a report that said 1,493 of 7,000 federal agents had been investigated for possible wrongdoing and that 457 had been indicted.
    (SFC, 12/28/05, p.A9)
2005        Dec, In Mexico Lydia Cacho, a journalist who wrote a book about pedophilia in Cancun, was arrested and charged with libel. Titled "The Demons of Eden," the book linked Jean Succar Kuri to a prominent businessman in the central state of Puebla. Cacho was freed on bail and Kuri was extradited from the US in 2006 to face charges in Mexico.
    (AP, 7/16/06)

2005        The US SEC filed civil fraud charges against Ricardo Salinas Pliego and 2 other top executives at TV Azteca for allegedly failing to disclose their involvement in Unefon under a provision of the 2002 Sarbanes-Oxley law. Salinas pulled his companies from the NYSE.
    (WSJ, 12/8/05, p.A11)

2005        Mexico counted 1,600 murders this year linked to organized crime.
    (Econ, 6/16/07, p.45)

2006        Jan 1, Subcomandante Marcos (b.1957), identified by the Mexican government as Rafael Guillen, began a tour of 31 Mexican states under the name “Delegate Zero.” The leader of Mexico's Zapatista rebels, wearing a ski mask to protect his identity, railed against the government and free trade to kick off a six-month tour of Mexico aimed at reshaping the nation's politics.
    (WSJ, 1/5/06, p.A12)(AP, 1/2/06)

2006        Jan 6, Comandante Ramona (47), a leader of Mexico's Zapatista rebel movement and an advocate for women's rights, died after a decade-long struggle with a kidney disease.
    (AP, 1/6/06)

2006        Jan 9, Diplomats from Mexico and Central America demanded guest worker programs and the legalization of undocumented migrants in the United States, while criticizing a US proposal for tougher border enforcement.
    (AP, 1/10/06)

2006        Jan 11, Felipe Calderon, ruling-party presidential hopeful, registered his campaign with election officials, saying he understands the problems facing common Mexicans and will stem the flow of migrants who head north in search of higher-paying jobs.
    (AP, 1/12/06)

2006        Jan 13, Raul Anguiano (b.1915), Mexican painter, sculptor and muralist, died in Mexico City.
    (SFC, 1/17/06, p.B5)

2006        Jan 23, Raul Osiel Marroquin was arrested in Mexico City. On Jan 26 he described killing four gay men. His arrest was the 1st confirmation of a serial killer targeting homosexuals.
    (AP, 1/26/06)

2006        Jan 24, A Mexican government commission said it will distribute at least 70,000 maps showing highways, rescue beacons and water tanks in the Arizona desert to curb the death toll among illegal border crossers.
    (AP, 1/24/06)
2006        Jan 24, At least 10 men in Mexican military-style uniforms crossed the Rio Grande into the United States on a marijuana-smuggling foray, leading to an armed confrontation with Texas law officers near Neely's Crossing, Texas. The three sport utility vehicles made a quick U-turn and headed south toward the border, a few miles away.
    (AP, 9/6/09)

2006        Jan 25, Juana Barraza (48) was arrested while fleeing from a home where an elderly woman was slain. She was suspected to be the serial murderer known as the "Mataviejitas," or "Little Old Lady Killer." Barraza's fingerprints matched those left at the scene of 10 other murders, plus at the scene of an attempted murder.
    (AP, 1/26/06)
2006        Jan 25, US authorities discovered what they say is the largest and most sophisticated tunnel under their border with Mexico, one that was used by drug trafficking gangs. The tunnel began near Tijuana’s airport and ended 2,400 feet away in a warehouse on the US side of the border. The find included 2 tons of marijuana.
    (AFP, 1/27/06)(SFC, 1/27/06, p.B14)

2006        Jan 26, Mexico said it will suspend its plan to distribute maps to migrants wanting to cross the US border illegally. An official said the decision was made because the maps would show anti-immigrant groups where migrants likely would gather.
    (AP, 1/26/06)

2006        Jan 27, Angel Hidalgo Espinosa, the leader of a farmers' group in Mexico's southern Chiapas state, was convicted in the 2001 slayings of 8 peasants and sentenced to 37 years in prison.
    (AP, 1/27/06)
2006        Jan 27, In Mexico authorities got into a shootout with drug traffickers in Acapulco and at least 4 people were killed.
    (SFC, 1/28/06, p.A6)

2006        Jan 29, The Mexican government said the US Border Patrol in New Mexico arrested Francisco Javier Gutierrez, a Mexican immigration official, who was allegedly trying to help a group of undocumented migrants sneak into the US.
    (AP, 1/30/06)

2006        Feb 2, Mexican authorities captured Oscar Arriola Marquez, leader of the Arriola Marquez cartel, wanted in the US on cocaine trafficking and money laundering charges, and ranked among the world's most-wanted fugitives.
    (AP, 2/3/06)

2006        Feb 4, A three-day energy meeting in Mexico City wrapped up after moving to a Mexican-owned hotel. It was the first private-sector oil summit between Cuba and the US. The meeting between Cuban officials and US energy executives was moved to another hotel after the Hotel Maria Isabel Sheraton asked the Cubans to leave. On Feb 6 Mexico launched an investigation into whether the US government pressured the American-owned hotel into expelling Cuban guests.
    (AP, 2/6/06)

2006        Feb 7, The owner of a Mexican newspaper in Nuevo Laredo said there will be no more investigative coverage of drug gangs, a day after the paper's offices were sprayed with bullets and a reporter hospitalized with five gunshots.
    (AP, 2/7/06)

2006        Feb 13, In Monterrey, Mexico, 2 police chiefs, Hector Ayala and Javier Garcia, were shot and killed within hours of each other in a violence-plagued region near the US where drug smugglers have been battling for control of key routes across the border.
    (AP, 2/14/06)

2006        Feb 14, In Nuevo Laredo, Mexico, armed men forced their way into a hospital and killed a teenager under treatment for an earlier attempt on his life.
    (SFC, 2/18/06, p.A10)

2006        Feb 15, In central Mexico a bus careened off a windy highway and into a ravine in the Sierra Gorda mountains, killing 23 people and injuring 14.
    (AP, 2/16/06)

2006        Feb 19, A gas explosion in a northern Mexico coal mine trapped 65 miners some 600 feet below ground with a limited supply of oxygen. In 2007 a judge ordered the arrest of 5 mine managers and inspectors on charges of negligent homicide in the deaths of the miners.
    (AP, 2/19/06)(WSJ, 2/21/06, p.A1)(AP, 3/20/07)

2006        Feb 21, In Cancun, Mexico, Domenico Ianiero, 59, and his wife, Annunziata, 55, of Woodbridge, Ont., were found in their hotel rooms at the all-inclusive five-star resort on the Mayan Riviera in the early morning. Their throats had been slashed. The crime apparently took place after a rehearsal dinner ahead of a wedding in which the Lily, one of the Ianieros' twin girls, was to be married at the resort. Prosecutors in Cancun said two Canadian women were suspected in the killing and had fled to Canada.
    (CP, 2/22/06)

2006        Feb 25, In Mexico mining officials said there was little hope of finding any of miners alive from the Feb 19 gas explosion at the Industrial Minera Mexico mine near San Juan Sabinas.
    (SSFC, 2/26/06, p.A3)

2006        Feb 28, Mexico City officials moved to shut down a US-owned hotel that angered many Mexicans when it kicked out a Cuban delegation under pressure from Washington. The Sheraton Maria Isabel Hotel would be closed because it was in violation of building codes. The hotel could reopen when it had corrected the violations and paid a $15,000 fine. The threat of closure was dropped the next day.
    (AP, 3/1/06)(AP, 3/2/06)
2006        Feb 28, Some 4,000 Mexican miners struck copper mines owned by the operator of the coal mine where 65 men died in an explosion last week.
    (AP, 2/28/06)

2006        Mar 6, In Mexico Diego Santoy (21) was captured at a police roadblock in the southern state of Oaxaca, four days after he allegedly stabbed his ex-girlfriend, Erika Pena, 18, strangled her 3-year-old sister and stabbed to death her 7-year-old brother.
    (AP, 3/8/06)

2006        Mar 7, More than 20,000 union workers marched in downtown Mexico City, accusing the government of meddling in the affairs of the national miners union by seeking to oust its leader.
    (AP, 3/7/06)
2006        Mar 7, In Nuevo Laredo, Mexico, heavily armed assailants killed a state police chief and an officer and wounded two more officers in a brazen midmorning ambush.
    (AP, 3/7/06)

2006        Mar 10, An anchorman for a Mexican radio station was shot to death by gunmen waiting for him in the bushes in front of his house in the border city of Nuevo Laredo.
    (AP, 3/10/06)

2006        Mar 13, Mexico’s attorney general said he will close a special prosecutor's office dedicated to investigating atrocities committed by the government during its two-decade campaign to weed out suspected guerrillas and leftists.
    (AP, 3/13/06)

2006        Mar 14, Mexico announced a new deepwater oil discovery that could exceed the declining reserves at the giant offshore Cantarell field.
    (WSJ, 3/14/06, p.A11)

2006        Mar 16, The 4th World Water Forum opened in Mexico City.
    (AP, 3/16/06)

2006        Mar 16, In Nuevo Laredo, Mexico, 4 plainclothes federal police agents were killed after an unknown number of gunmen sprayed the unmarked pickup truck they were riding in with more than 30 bullets. The slayings came a day after 600 new members of the Federal Preventative Police arrived in Nuevo Laredo as part of extra-security efforts.
    (AP, 3/16/06)

2006        Mar 17, A bus carrying dozens of teenagers on a school field trip toppled off a bridge on the outskirts of Mexico's capital, killing 7 people and injuring at least 28.
    (AP, 3/18/06)

2006        Mar 22, In Mexico Omar Pimentel (38), the police chief of the border city of Nuevo Laredo, resigned. He said he was tired from the stress of working in a city dominated by drug cartels fighting a bloody turf war.
    (AP, 3/24/06)

2006        Mar 24, The Mexican government said a US-owned hotel that expelled Cuban guests under pressure from the Treasury Department must pay $112,000 in fines for violating Mexican commerce law.
    (AP, 3/24/06)

2006        Mar 26, In Mexico the bodies of six men, blindfolded, handcuffed and shot to death, were found packed inside a pickup truck on the side of a highway leading to the Texas border.
    (AP, 3/26/06)

2006        Mar 27, The US Senate Judiciary Committee approved a proposal to legalize undocumented migrants and provide temporary work visas. Mexicans cheered the approval and credited huge marches of migrants across the US as the decisive factor behind the vote.
    (AP, 3/28/06)

2006        Mar 28, A Mexican judge ordered an Argentine journalist to remove references to one of the first lady's sons in a book that claims he benefited financially from his family's political connections. The book "Cronicas Malditas," or roughly "Accursed Chronicles" (2005), alleged that two of Sahagun's three sons, principally Manuel Bribiesca, had used their connections to get preferential treatment on federal government work contracts during the administration of President Vicente Fox, which began in December 2000.
    (AP, 3/28/06)

2006        Mar 30, Pres. Bush arrived in Cancun, Mexico, for 2 days of North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) talks with Canadian PM Stephen Harper and Mexico’s Pres. Fox.
    (Reuters, 3/30/06)(WSJ, 3/30/06, p.A1)
2006        Mar 30, Mexico’s Congress passed legislation dubbed the Televisa Law” confirming the country’s longstanding TV duopoly. President Vicente Fox officially signed off on controversial reforms to the country’s Federal Radio and Television law on April 11. In 2007 the legislation faced court actions.
    (http://cbrayton.wordpress.com/2007/05/11/mexico-the-birth-of-the-televisa-law/)

2006        Mar 31, President Bush, closing a three-nation NAFTA summit, defended requiring secure documents from border-crossing Canadians and pushed Mexico to prevent more of its people from illegally entering America.
    (AP, 3/31/06)

2006        Apr 3, Dozens of Mexican newspapers, frustrated by fruitless police probes of slain and missing journalists, simultaneously published the first in a series of reports on the cases.
    (AP, 4/3/06)

2006        Apr 6, In Mexico hundreds of machete-wielding farmers opposed to a hydroelectric dam project briefly seized a pumping plant, cutting off much of the water supply to Acapulco just days before tourists flock to the Pacific resort for their Easter vacations.
    (AP, 4/6/06)

2006        Apr 7, The US Court of International Law ruled that US Customs violated a provision of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) in applying a law known as the Byrd amendment to antidumping and countervailing duties on goods from Canada and Mexico.
    (Reuters, 4/7/06)

2006        Apr 10, Mexican soldiers seized 128 suitcases packed with 5.6 metric tons of cocaine worth more than $100 million from a commercial plane arriving from Venezuela. Smugglers had purchased the DC-9 plane with laundered funds transferred through US banks Wachovia Corp. and Bank of America. In 2010 court papers said a gang under Walid Makled operated the DC-9 and flew the cocaine from Simon Bolivar International to Campeche, Mexico. Makled was arrested Aug 19, 2010 in Colombia in the border city of Cucuta. In Nov 2010 Colombia denied an extradition request for Makled by the US, saying that the suspect will be sent back to face charges in his home country.
    (AP, 4/12/06)(SFC, 6/30/10, p.D1)(AP, 11/17/10)

2006        Apr 12, Two people were killed in a grenade attack on a restaurant and a shop owner was gunned down as violence shook towns on Mexico's resort-studded Pacific coast.
    (AP, 4/13/06)

2006        Apr 16, The Rev. Cesar Torres (42) killed Veronica Andrade Salinas (22), who was pregnant, at his parish on Mexico City's eastern outskirts. He used a kitchen knife to cut off her head and hack her body to pieces, which he packed the pieces into plastic bags and dumped near a cemetery in Chimalhuacan. The couple had an 18-month-old daughter. Torres admitted to the murder on April 19.
    (AP, 4/19/06)

2006        Apr 17, In Mexico an overcrowded bus speeding home from a religious festival veered off a highway emergency ramp and crashed through a metal barrier, plunging more than 650 feet into a ravine near Maltrata, a town about 125 miles east of the capital. 58 people were killed. There were 2 survivors.
    (AP, 4/19/06)

2006        Apr 19, The Mexican Congress enacted a law that allows journalists to protect the confidentiality of their sources.
    (SFC, 4/20/06, p.A3)

2006        Apr 20, In Mexico a violent confrontation between 800 federal and state police agents and more than 500 striking steelworkers left two workers dead and dozens of workers and police agents injured at the Siderurgica Lazaro Cardenas-Las Truchas, SA (Sicartsa) steel plant in the port city of Lazaro Cardenas in the state of Michoacan. The decapitated heads of two police officials were found dumped in front of a government building in Acapulco.
    (http://ww4report.com/node/1879)(AP, 4/20/06)

2006        Apr 26, A Mexican boycott urged people to shun all products from U.S. businesses on May 1, a sort of "Day Without Americans," timed to coincide with the "Day Without Immigrants" boycott planned by activists north of the border.
    (AP, 4/26/06)
2006        Apr 26, In southern Mexico a speeding truck loaded with Guatemalan migrants en route to the United States collided head-on with another truck, killing 10 migrants and injuring 16.
    (AP, 4/27/06)

2006        Apr 28, Mexican lawmakers approved a bill that would allow people to possess small amounts of cocaine, heroin, even ecstasy for their personal use.
    (AP, 4/29/06)
2006        Apr 28, Mexican police in Tijuana found the body of a US citizen kidnapped nearly 3 weeks earlier. They said he had been beaten, strangled, stripped naked and stashed in the trunk of a car. George Kwok Choi Chu, a seafood wholesaler, worked in Tijuana but lived across the border in San Diego.
    (AP, 4/29/06)

2006        May 1, A day-long protest dubbed "A Day Without Gringos" drew thousands of Mexicans into the streets and kept many away from US-owned supermarkets and fast-food restaurants to support rallies in the United States demanding immigration reform.
    (AP, 5/1/06)

2006        May 3, Mexican President Vicente Fox refused to sign a drug decriminalization bill, hours after US officials warned the plan could encourage "drug tourism."
    (AP, 5/3/06)
2006        May 3, In Mexico one person was killed as machete-wielding protesters near Mexico City clashed with police, blocking highways, throwing molotov cocktails and briefly seizing six officers. The residents attacked police after several of their companions were arrested in the nearby town of Texcoco.
    (AP, 5/4/06)

2006        May 4, Just before dawn hundreds of law enforcement officials fired tear gas and crashed through human barricades to take control of San Salvador Atenco, a rebellious town outside Mexico City, hours after protesters released six badly beaten police hostages.
    (AP, 5/4/06)

2006        May 9, Mexican lawmakers handed federal investigators a box of evidence that they claim shows that two of President Vicente Fox's stepsons were involved in fraud and illicit enrichment through real estate deals.
    (AP, 5/9/06)

2006        May 14, Mexican President Vicente Fox telephoned President Bush to express his concern about the border between the two nations, a day before Bush's planned Oval Office speech on immigration.
    (AP, 5/14/07)

2006        May 15, Pres. Bush endorsed a guest worker program and a program for citizenship for many of the estimated 12 million illegal immigrants. He also called for the development of a tamper-proof ID card for workers and pledged to send the National Guard to tighten security along the US border with Mexico.
    (SFC, 5/16/06, p.A1)

2006        May 19, The Vatican said it had asked Rev. Marcial Maciel, the Mexican founder of the conservative order Legionaries of Christ (1941), to renounce celebrating public Masses and live a life of "prayer and repentance" following its investigation into allegations he sexually abused seminarians.
    (AP, 5/19/06)

2006        May 23, Mexico’s Pres. Fox began a five-day trip to the US in Utah before moving on to Washington state and California. Immigration was the major focus of Fox's trip as the US Senate considered legislation to strengthen border security
    (AP, 5/23/06)
2006        May 23, In Mexico 3 men were shot to death in two different attacks in the border city of Nuevo Laredo, bringing to at least 115 the number of people slain by violence this year.
    (AP, 5/24/06)

2006        May 25, Mexican President Vicente Fox addressed the California legislature. He praised a US Senate which had just approved sweeping immigration reforms as a "monumental step forward" in the relationship between his country and the United States.
    (AP, 5/26/06)

2006        Jun 1, California Gov. Schwarzenegger reluctantly reached an agreement with the federal government to deploy 1,000 members of the California National Guard along the US-Mexico border.
    (SFC, 6/2/06, p.B1)

2006        Jun 5, Mexico proposed creating an environmental reserve (the Rio Bravo del Norte proposal) about 30 feet wide and 600 miles long on the Texas border, a "green wall" to protect the Rio Grande from the roads and staging areas that smugglers use to ferry drugs and migrants across the frontier.
    (AP, 6/5/06)

2006        Jun 8, The US offered a reward of up to $5 million for information leading to the capture of Jorge Eduardo Costilla Sanchez, a reputed Mexican drug cartel chieftain, whose group allegedly smuggles tons of cocaine and marijuana north each year.
    (AP, 6/9/06)

2006        Jun 14, In Mexico some 3000 elements of the state ministerial police, preventive police and Oaxaca state firemen began to violently remove a sit-in of 70,000 workers from Section 22 of the National Union of Education Workers (SNTE) with tear gas, smoke grenades, stun grenades and firearms. Thus far there have been 13 reported arrests, 4 injuries, 5 bullet wounds, and between 6 and 9 deaths, as well as a break-in to the Teachers' Union building and the destruction of the installations of Radio Plantón (a free/non-licensed community radio station that has been a point of reference for social movements in Oaxaca).
    (www.indymedia.org/en/2006/06/840911.shtml)

2006        Jun 17, Mexican authorities in Guadalajara arrested Pedro Castorena, the leader of a far-flung ring that allegedly made and distributed forged immigration and identification documents in the US. Castorena was indicted in Denver last July on charges of conspiracy, fraud, misuse of visas and money laundering.
    (AP, 6/19/06)

2006        Jun 23, In Mexico Enrique Rueda Pacheco, the leader of about 70,000 striking teachers in southern Oaxaca state, said they won't interfere with the July 2 presidential election, and promised to meet with a civic commission to try to resolve their pay demands. The monthlong strike has left 1.3 million children in grade and high schools in Oaxaca without classes.
    (AP, 6/23/06)

2006        Jun 26, In Mexico assailants armed with automatic rifles shot and killed a top policeman and his bodyguard as they drove home in the resort city of Cancun.
    (AP, 6/27/06)

2006        Jun 28, Gunmen shot and killed Ignacio Perales Gomez, a prominent Mexico City police investigator, outside his home. Perales was a lead investigator in several of the city's notable cases including that of jailed businessman Carlos Ahumada, a Mexico City construction mogul linked to a bribery scandal that rocked the country in 2004.
    (AP, 6/29/06)

2006        Jun 29, Mexican police found a human head by the main entrance to Acapulco’s City Hall, the fourth such grisly discovery this year.
    (AP, 6/30/06)

2006        Jun 30, Former Mexican President Luis Echeverria was placed under house arrest on genocide charges stemming from a 1968 student massacre, an unprecedented move coming just two days before the country elects a new president. Authorities found two more human heads in front of a government office in Acapulco, accompanied with threatening messages linked to the drug trade.
    (AP, 7/1/06)

2006        Jul 2, Mexico held presidential elections. Felipe Calderon (43) calling himself “the candidate of jobs,” faced Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador: “For everyone’s good, the poor first.” Lopez Villanueva, head of the Francisco Villa Popular Front, arranged to have 10,000 members as poll watchers for Lopez Obrador. A tight race delayed the results to July 5. The per capita GDP was $10,000. Oil production was 3.35 million barrels per day. On July 6 Calderon was named the winner by 234,000 votes. The final outcome rested with the electoral court, Trife, and its decision was due by September 6.
    (Econ, 6/10/06, p.36)(WSJ, 6/28/06, p.A1)(Econ, 7/15/06, p.35)(AP, 7/7/07)

2006        Jul 3, Two bitter rivals declared themselves Mexico's next president, sparking fears of violence. Electoral officials said they wouldn't name a winner until a vote-by-vote hand count.
    (AP, 7/3/06)

2006        Jul 4, Lopez Obrador, Mexico’s leftist presidential candidate, called for a recount of election results that showed him trailing his conservative rival by 1 percentage point.
    (AP, 7/4/06)

2006        Jul 5, Mexico’s recount of election results put Lopez Obrador ahead of Louis Calderon with 83% of the votes tallied.
    (WSJ, 7/6/06, p.A1)

2006        Jul 6, Felipe Calderon won the official count in Mexico's disputed presidential race, a come-from-behind victory for the stiff technocrat. But his leftist rival refused to concede and said he'd fight the results in court. Calderon won 35.9% of the vote against Obrador’s 35.3%.
    (AP, 7/7/06)(Econ, 11/18/06, Survey p.4)

2006        Jul 8, Leftist presidential candidate Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador urged his supporters to take to the streets, claiming the governing party stole his victory in Mexico's extremely narrow elections. Obrador called on a huge crowd of supporters to keep peacefully protesting as he goes to court to challenge what he called his fraudulent electoral defeat.
    (AP, 7/8/06)(AP, 7/9/06)
2006        Jul 8, A Mexican federal judge threw out genocide charges against former President Luis Echeverria, ruling that a 30-year statute of limitations had run out.
    (AP, 7/9/06)
2006        Jul 8, In western Mexico 4 children, who won an airplane ride for good grades at school, were killed along with the pilot when the small aircraft crashed near Tepic.
    (AP, 7/12/06)

2006        Jul 11, In Mexico a man was shot to death in front of Acapulco's City Hall and a naval officer was abducted, the latest violence in this resort city hit by a wave of drug-related crime. The 2 men slain were later identified as military officers responsible for the mayor's security.
    (AP, 7/11/06)(AP, 7/13/06)

2006        Jul 12, Tens of thousands of supporters of leftist presidential candidate Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador headed to Mexico City, leaving mountain towns and sprawling industrial cities to demand a ballot-by-ballot recount.
    (AP, 7/12/06)

2006        Jul 15, US authorities extradited Jean Succar Kuri, a Mexican businessman with alleged ties to associates of a powerful state governor, to face charges in Mexico of child pornography, statutory rape and corruption of minors.
    (AP, 7/16/06)

2006        Jul 16, In Mexico City Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador led hundreds of thousands of marchers demanding a full recount of in the disputed election.
    (SFC, 7/17/06, p.A3)

2006        Jul 21, In Oaxaca, Mexico, protests initiated by striking teachers continued. Protest leaders said their fight is not with the tourists but with Gov. Ulises Ruiz, whom they accuse of rigging the state election in 2004 and using force to repress dissent.
    (AP, 7/21/06)

2006        Jul 24, Gunmen raided a pharmaceutical laboratory in Mexico City, killing four guards and stealing about a ton of ephedrine, a key ingredient in making methamphetamine.
    (AP, 7/24/06)

2006        Jul 31, In Mexico supporters of the country’s leftist presidential candidate paralyzed the Mexico City’s financial district and said they won’t leave until the top electoral court rules on their demands for a recount in the disputed race.
    (AP, 7/31/06)
2006        Jul 31, Mexican police found the body of a woman on a dirt road in the border city of Ciudad Juarez. Abigail Rodriguez (29), who apparently had been killed by a blow to the head and thrown out of a moving car, was the 14th woman found dead in Juarez so far this year.
    (AP, 8/1/06)

2006        Aug 2, In Oaxaca, Mexico, about 500 women banging spoons against pots and pans seized a state-run television station and broadcast a homemade video that showed police kicking protesters out of Oaxaca's main square last month. In southern Monte Orden village heavy rains caused a mountainside to give way, burying 2 homes and killing 11 people, 4 of them children.
    (AP, 8/2/06)
2006        Aug 2, Production at Cantarell, Mexico’s biggest oil field, was reported to be declining. The site accounted for about 60% of Mexico’s oil. A third of Mexico’s federal budget depended on oil sales.
    (WSJ, 8/2/06, p.A4)

2006        Aug 3, In Mexico Mrs. Alberta Alcantara Juan and Mrs. Teresa Gonzalez Cornelio were arrested (along with Jacinta Francisco Marcial) for events that supposedly occurred on March 26, 2006 when Federal Investigation Agents attempted to confiscate local merchants’ goods and damaged some of them. In 2010 Mexico's Supreme Court overturned kidnapping convictions and ordered the release of the two Otomi Indian market vendors whose case received international attention. Marcial was freed last year.
    (http://tinyurl.com/373f25t)(AP, 4/28/10)

2006        Aug 4, In Mexico's southernmost Chiapas state a 7-year-old boy and his father died, bringing to 10 the number of people killed after eating poisonous mushrooms. Officials said recent genetic mutations have made some mushrooms, consumed for years in Indian communities, newly poisonous.
    (AP, 8/4/06)

2006        Aug 5, Mexico's top electoral court rejected a full recount in the disputed presidential election, ordering a 9% partial count instead, angering leftist protesters camped in the capital demanding a new vote-by-vote tally over their fraud allegations.
    (AP, 8/5/06)(WSJ, 8/7/06, p.A1)

2006        Aug 9, In Mexico the body of Enrique Perea Quintanilla (50), publisher of the magazine Dos Caras, Una Verdad (Two Faces, One Truth) was found on a dirt road about 10 miles from Chihuahua City. Authorities said that organized crime was likely behind the killing.
    (AP, 8/11/06)

2006        Aug 10, In Mexico leftist activists blockaded bank headquarters and called for a march on the offices of federal prosecutors, as officials recounted some of the ballots from the disputed presidential election.
    (AP, 8/10/06)

2006        Aug 12, A passenger bus skidded off a highway in central Mexico and rolled down a 320-foot slope, killing 13 people and injuring a dozen others.
    (AP, 8/12/06)

2006        Aug 13, In Mexico a recount confirmed Calderon as the next president. Lopez Obrador vowed to mount new legal challenges.
    (WSJ, 8/14/06, p.A1)

2006        Aug 14, US authorities arrested Tijuana drug lord Francisco Javier Arellano Felix (38) aboard a boat off Mexico's Pacific coast. Mexican analysts doubted the significance of Arellano Felix's arrest as the gang has effectively lost much of its influence over the years. In 2007 Felix pleaded guilty to federal crimes that carried a mandatory life sentence. He agreed to forfeit $50 million and the yacht on which he was captured.
    (AP, 8/17/06)(SFC, 9/18/07, p.A3)

2006        Aug 15, US officials arrested Edgar Alvarez Cruz on immigration violations in Denver. He was suspected of participating in the rapes and killings of at least 10 women in the border city of Ciudad Juarez, where more than 100 young women have been killed since 1993.
    (AP, 8/17/06)

2006        Aug 19, Mexican prosecutors announced that they have charged two policemen with protecting the Arellano Felix drug trafficking gang. Mexican police said they had broken up a vote-buying scheme in Chiapas on the eve of state elections.
    (AP, 8/20/06)

2006        Aug 21, In Mexico’s Chiapas state Juan Sabines, of Lopez Obrador's Democratic Revolution Party (PRD), held a razor-thin lead over Jose Antonio Aguilar Bodegas, of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), who also is backed by President Vicente Fox's National Action Party. Oaxaca sank further into chaos as protesters armed with machetes, pipes and clubs seized 12 private radio stations, cut off highways, and blockaded bus terminals and newspaper offices.
    (AP, 8/21/06)

2006        Aug 23, Assailants threw grenades at the offices of a newspaper in the resort city of Cancun in the latest in a series of attacks on news outlets across Mexico.
    (AP, 8/24/06)

2006        Aug 27, Mexican electoral officials said Juan Sabines, a leftist candidate, won the governor's race in Mexico's volatile southernmost state of Chiapas, edging out Jose Antonio Aguilar, backed by President Vicente Fox's party by about 6,300 votes.
    (AP, 8/27/06)

2006        Aug 28, Mexico’s top electoral court announced that a partial recount found no widespread evidence of fraud.
    (SFC, 8/29/06, p.A1)

2006        Aug 29, Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, Mexico's leftist presidential candidate, rejected a court decision upholding his rival's slim lead in the disputed July 2 race and called on his supporters not to recognize a government led by Felipe Calderon.
    (AP, 8/29/06)

2006        Aug 30, Hurricane John lashed tourist resorts with heavy winds and rain as the dangerous Category 4 storm marched up Mexico's Pacific coast.
    (AP, 8/30/07)

2006        Aug 31, Hurricane John pummeled Mexico's resort-studded Pacific Coast with wind and rain.
    (AP, 8/31/06)

2006        Sep 1, In Mexico City riot police, steel barriers, and water cannons surrounded Mexico's Congress as protesters vowed to stop President Vicente Fox from delivering his final state-of-the-nation address. Mexican lawmakers, protesting conservative Felipe Calderon's victory in the July 2 presidential election, stormed the congressional stage and refused to yield, making Fox the first president in modern Mexican history not to deliver his annual address to Congress. Fox handed in a written copy of his report and delivered it over television.    
    (AP, 9/1/06)(AP, 9/2/06)

2006        Sep 5, The president of Mexico's top electoral court recommended that the full tribunal uphold the slim lead of ruling party candidate Felipe Calderon. Marcelo Garza, the top police investigator for Nuevo Leon, a northern Mexican state that borders Texas, was shot to death by a lone gunman outside an art gallery.
    (AP, 9/5/06)(AP, 9/6/06)

2006        Sep 6, Mexico’s newly declared President-elect Felipe Calderon began building his government and his supporters called on backers of leftist Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador to end weeks of national protests over the disputed July 2 election. Gunmen barged into a bar in central Mexico and tossed five human heads on the dance floor. An avalanche left 10 villagers dead in northern Mexico.
    (AP, 9/6/06)(AP, 9/7/06)

2006        Sep 7, In Mexico a landslide buried buses and cars on a highway in the central state of Puebla and killed at least four travelers.
    (AP, 9/7/06)

2006        Sep 8, In Mexico a small plane crash near Ensenada on the US-Mexico border killed three American medical volunteers.
    (AP, 9/10/06)

2006        Sep 12, In Mexico gunmen ambushed and killed Enrique Barrera, police chief of the town of Linares in the border state of Nuevo Leon, in the latest slaying of a law officer in a region ravaged by a war between drug gangs.
    (AP, 9/13/06)

2006        Sep 15, Mexico’s President Vicente Fox backed down from a confrontation with thousands of leftist sympathizers of Manuel Lopez Obrador, moving the annual Independence Day celebration away from Mexico City's main square to avoid protesters. Fox decided to move the ceremony to the central town of Dolores Hidalgo, where Miguel Hidalgo made the first call for independence from Spain in 1810. Supporters of leftist Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador ended the street protest that clogged the heart of the capital for nearly seven weeks, but they vowed to find other ways to resist the incoming conservative president.
    (AP, 9/15/06)

2006        Sep 16, In Mexico hundreds of thousands of supporters of leftist Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador elected him the leader of a "parallel government" opposed to President-elect Felipe Calderon's administration. Mexico extradited accused drug kingpin Francisco Rafael Arellano Felix to the US, making him the first major Mexican drug lord to be sent north to face trial on drug charges. He later pleaded guilty to federal charges of selling cocaine in a San Diego motel. Hurricane Lane, a Category 3 storm, battered Mazatlan.
    (SFC, 9/18/06, p.A7)(AP, 9/17/07)

2006        Sep 18, The 184-nation IMF approved reforms to increase the voice of China, South Korea, Turkey, and Mexico to reflect their growing economic sway.
    (SFC, 9/19/06, p.D2)

2006        Sep 19, A group of sexual abuse survivors filed a lawsuit against Mexican Cardinal Norberto Rivera, claiming he hid evidence to protect a priest accused of molesting boys. A lawyer for the Chicago-based Survivors Network of Those Abused by Priests filed the lawsuit in Los Angeles Superior Court. Rivera, now Mexico's top-ranking cardinal, helped cover up abuse by the Rev. Nicolas Aguilar involving 50 boys when Aguilar served as a parish priest in central Puebla state in 1987. Rivera was bishop of Tehuacan in Puebla state at the time.
    (AP, 9/19/06)

2006        Sep 23, In Mexico the governor of Oaxaca state warned 70,000 striking teachers that they would be replaced and lose their pay unless they immediately returned to work.
    (AP, 9/24/06)

2006        Sep 28, Mexico’s President-elect Felipe Calderon asked Congress to get tougher on criminals, create a universal health care system and generate jobs so millions of Mexicans do not have to migrate to the US to find work. Calderon also called for reducing the gap between rich and poor and called for a return to life sentences for hardened criminals, including violent kidnappers.
    (AP, 9/28/06)

2006        Sep 29, In Mexico a judge and four jail guards were killed in separate attacks in the Pacific resort city of Acapulco.
    (AP, 9/29/06)

2006        Oct 5, In Oaxaca, Mexico, a teacher was hacked to death. A colleague claimed the man was killed for opposing a teachers' strike. Jaime Rene Calva Aragon was on his way to a meeting when he was killed by two assailants wielding hefty ice picks.
    (AP, 10/6/06)

2006        Oct 14, In Mexico at least one man opened fire on protesters manning a roadblock in Oaxaca paralyzed by months of conflict, killing one demonstrator and wounding another.
    (AP, 10/15/06)

2006        Oct 15, Mexican authorities arrested a soldier accused of opening fire on a street barricade in Oaxaca, killing one demonstrator and wounding another. Elections in Mexico’s Tabasco state showed Andres Rafael Granier of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) defeating Democratic Revolution candidate Cesar Raul Ojeda by 10 points. The next day the PRD accused its rivals of fraud.
    (AP, 10/15/06)(AP, 10/16/06)

2006        Oct 17, In central Mexico an explosion in an area packed with small fireworks factories Capulhuac, 20 miles west of Mexico City, left four people dead and a man with severe burns. In western Mexico 14 people were killed when a passenger bus crashed into the back of a tractor trailer. A spark touched off an explosion aboard a gasoline tanker ship at Pemex's Pajarito marine terminal in the city of Coatzacoalcos, killing eight people and injuring nine others.
    (AP, 10/17/06)

2006        Oct 18, Mexican police discovered two human heads in a backpack in the Pacific state of Guerrero, the latest decapitation victims in a continuing wave of violence.
    (AP, 10/19/06)

2006        Oct 19, Mexico's Senate ruled there was no reason to oust Oaxaca's embattled state governor, eliminating the last formal legal recourse for thousands of protesters who for months have demanded the resignation of Gov. Ulises Ruiz. Jorge Bustos, a commander with the defunct Federal Security Directorate, was arrested in Mexico City in connection with the 1974 disappearance of six alleged guerrilla members. Bustos had arrested six members of the Brigada Lacandona, a 1970s guerrilla faction, who disappeared after Hidalgo state authorities turned them over to the federal intelligence agency.
    (AP, 10/19/06)(AP, 10/20/06)

2006        Oct 20, In Mexico radical protesters and teachers, who have taken over the city of Oaxaca, appeared to be parting ways after the teachers' leaders agreed to end a strike and return to work.
    (AP, 10/21/06)

2006        Oct 21, In Mexico’s Michoacan state, the home state of President-elect Felipe Calderon, 420 homicides were reported for this year, including 19 police chiefs and commanders. Juan Antonio Magana, the state's attorney general, said well over half the killings were drug-related.
    (AP, 10/21/06)

2006        Oct 26, Teachers in the southern Mexican state of Oaxaca voted to end a five-month-old strike, allowing 1.3 million children to return to classes and potentially taking the sting out of anti-government protests besieging this historic city.
    (AP, 10/26/06)
2006        Oct 26, President Bush signed a bill authorizing 700 miles of new fencing along the U.S.-Mexico border, hoping to give Republican candidates a pre-election platform for asserting they're tough on illegal immigration.
    (AP, 10/26/06)

2006        Oct 27, In Oaxaca, Mexico, Bradley Roland Will (36), a US journalist and two Mexican men were shot to death. The clashes occurred as leftist protesters barricaded streets as part of a five-month-old campaign to oust the governor. In 2008 two supporters of a protest movement in southern Mexico were arrested for the fatal shooting of the US journalist. Officials said Juan Manuel Martinez, was the gunman, and Octavio Perez was an accomplice who helped cover up the crime. Eight other alleged accomplices were still sought. In 2010 Juan Martinez Moreno was cleared by a federal court.
    (AP, 10/28/06)(Econ, 11/4/06, p.48)(AP, 10/18/08)(AP, 2/17/10)

2006        Oct 28, Mexico’s President Vicente Fox announced he was sending federal police into the violence-wracked southern state capital of Oaxaca after a US journalist and two Mexican men were shot to death. The bodies of 3 state police officers, one of whom had been decapitated, were found in a sport utility vehicle abandoned outside the resort city of Acapulco.
    (AP, 10/28/06)(AP, 10/28/06)

2006        Oct 29, In Mexico federal forces stormed Oaxaca and pushed protesters and striking teachers out of the city center they had occupied for five months, leaving the colonial city resembling a battleground, with riot police and burned vehicles lining the streets. At least one demonstrator was killed.
    (AP, 10/30/06)

2006        Oct 30, The Mexican government authorized the extradition of ex-Guatemalan President Alfonso Portillo (2000-2004) to face embezzlement charges in his country.
    (AP, 10/31/06)

2006        Oct 31, In Mexico youths roamed the streets of Oaxaca tossing gasoline bombs, hijacking vehicles and vowing to keep fighting for the state governor's ouster. Congress urged the governor to resign and leftist leaders urged national support for the movement.
    (AP, 10/31/06)

2006        Nov 2, In Mexico, protesters besieging Oaxaca City forced federal police to retreat from the gates of the state university after six hours of pitched fighting and the rector's call for an end to the government "attack."
    (AP, 11/3/06)

2006        Nov 3, In Mexico Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, who refused to accept an election tribunal's decision that his opponent narrowly won the presidential election, named his "resistance" government Cabinet.
    (AP, 11/3/06)

2006        Nov 6, In Mexico City simultaneous explosions hit the Federal Electoral Tribunal, a bank branch and the headquarters of the former ruling party early in the day. Authorities deactivated a homemade explosive device at a second bank branch.
    (AP, 11/6/06)

2006        Nov 7, More than 15,000 white-clad supporters of Oaxaca's embattled governor marched through Oaxaca in their biggest show of strength in a six-month conflict that has left at least nine people dead.
    (AP, 11/7/06)

2006        Nov 9, Mexico City's assembly passed legislation to legally recognize gay civil unions in the capital, the first such vote by a legislative body in the history of the conservative country.
    (AP, 11/9/06)

2006        Nov 10, In Mexico Misael Tamayo Hernandez, editor of El Despertar de la Costa, was found dead in a hotel room in Zihuatanejo, a day after running stories about organized crime and corruption in the city government. Hector Gaxiola, a district police chief in the border city of Tijuana, was shot and killed a day after surviving another attempt on his life. His brother was found next to him. Both had been shot dozens of times.
    (AP, 11/11/06)

2006        Nov 14, Second-grader Saul Arellano, a US citizen, appeared in Mexico's 500-member Chamber of Deputies to plead for help in lobbying Washington to stop the deportation of his mother, an illegal immigrant who has taken refuge in a Chicago church. His efforts paid off with a resolution calling on the US Congress to suspend the deportation of Elvira Arellano (31) and any other illegal immigrant parents of US citizens. US officials said there is no right to sanctuary in a church under US law, and nothing to prevent them from arresting Elvira Arellano, who has lived at the church since Aug. 15, the day she was supposed to surrender for deportation.
    (AP, 11/14/06)

2006        Nov 15, Aides to former leftist presidential candidate Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador said he will seek contributions from ordinary Mexicans to support a parallel, "legitimate" administration he declared after losing the July 2 elections to President-elect Felipe Calderon by a razor-thin margin.
    (AP, 11/16/06)

2006        Nov 16, Jose Manuel Nava (53), a former general manager of one of Mexico's oldest newspapers, was found slain in his apartment in the capital, officials said, a week after he went public with his book criticizing the federal government, the business community and newspaper employees.
    (AP, 11/16/06)

2006        Nov 18, The Mexican government released a long-awaited report that for the first time officially blamed "the highest command levels" of three former presidencies for the massacres, tortures and slayings of hundreds of leftists from the 1960s to the 1980s. In Michoacan state at least three of 10 lawyers being held hostage by inmates were killed after police raided the Mil Cumbres prison in Morelia to try to rescue them.
    (AP, 11/18/06)

2006        Nov 19, In Mexico a public defender died of his injuries after being shot by inmates who took a group of lawyers hostage near the central Mexican city of Morelia, bringing the death toll in the incident to five.
    (AP, 11/20/06)
2006        Nov 19, Mexican Gen. Francisco Quiros, imprisoned for drug trafficking and implicated in the disappearance of leftists during Mexico's "dirty war," died from cancer. In 2005 a judge ordered Quiros arrested for the 1974 kidnapping of singer Rosendo Radilla, who disappeared after being seized by soldiers at a roadblock.
    (AP, 11/20/06)

2006        Nov 20, Mexico’s defeated presidential candidate Lopez Obrador planned to be sworn in as the country's "legitimate president" as Mexico celebrated its 1910 revolution.
    (AP, 11/20/06)

2006        Nov 21, Roberto Marcos Garcia (50), chief reporter for the weekly Testimonio crime magazine in Mexico’s port city of Veracruz, was toppled from his motorcycle and run over by unidentified assailants who then shot him at close range.
    (AP, 11/21/06)(SSFC, 12/10/06, p.A21)

2006        Nov 22, In Mexico a violent Mexican drug gang took out a rare, half-page ad in newspapers in which they claimed to be anti-crime vigilantes who wanted to stop kidnapping, robbery and the sale of methamphetamine in the western state of Michoacan.
    (AP, 11/23/06)

2006        Nov 23, In Mexico Police chief Baltazar Gomez and Osvaldo Rodriguez, both of the Monterrey suburb of Santa Catarina, were killed just after midnight by a gunman who followed them inside a convenience store where they had gone after attending a funeral. Crusading journalist Jesus Blancornelas, who relentlessly investigated drug cartels and government corruption despite an attempt on his life and the killing of colleagues, died of a chronic illness in Tijuana.
    (AP, 11/23/06)

2006        Nov 25, In Mexico singer Valentin Elizalde (27) was ambushed and gunned down along with his manager and driver following a performance in Reynosa. His ballads included narco-corridos, which honored the exploits of drug dealers.
    (SSFC, 11/26/06, p.A19)

2006        Nov 26, In Mexico bands of youths rampaged through downtown Oaxaca, torching buildings and cars hours after federal police used tear gas to drive off a violent mob of leftists in the latest spasm of protests against the state governor. 30 to 40 armed men entered the La Barranca hunting ranch near the US border and kidnapped five men including 3 Texans. Librado Pina Jr. (49), owns the popular deer-hunting ranch near Hidalgo, was released on Dec 18. His son and 2 others had been released earlier. There was no word on the ranch's Mexican cook, Marco Ortiz.
    (AP, 11/26/06)(AP, 11/29/06)(AP, 12/18/06)
2006        Nov 26, Raul Velasco (73), who hosted one of Mexico's most popular and enduring television programs, "Siempre en Domingo," died at his home in Acapulco.
    (AP, 11/26/06)

2006        Nov 28, In Mexico gunmen attacked a police car in the border city of Tijuana, killing Gerardo Santiago Prado, the police chief of Mesa de Otay, his bodyguard and a secretary.
    (AP, 11/30/06)

2006        Nov 29, A Mexican court reinstated an arrest warrant for former President Luis Echeverria, just four months after a federal judge had dismissed the same charges of genocide in connection with a 1968 student massacre.
    (AP, 11/29/06)

2006        Nov 30, Mexican police found the bullet-ridden bodies of two men, including a missing journalist, just days after the body of another slain reporter was found in the area. Police discovered the body of reporter Adolfo Sanchez Guzman (32) near Ciudad Mendoza, 75 miles west of Veracruz, not far from where his car was found abandoned on Nov 28. Police on Dec 1 arrested Juan Carlos Palestino (30) and Julian Rosas Palestino (34) after witnesses said the two brothers had been looking for Martinez. The brothers had accused Martinez of stealing their truck.
    (AP, 12/1/06)(AP, 12/5/06)

2006        Nov, In Mexico credit card interest rates averaged over 30% despite efforts by Guillermo Ortiz, head of the Central Bank, to get banks to lower their costs. 80% of the country’s banking assets were foreign owned.
    (Econ, 11/25/06, p.76)

2006        Dec 1, Felipe Calderon took the oath of office as Mexico's president amid jeers and whistles, in a chaotic ceremony before congress preceded by a brawl between lawmakers still divided over the nation's tight presidential election.
    (AP, 12/1/06)

2006        Dec 2, Mexico's new president pledged to substantially raise the wages of the armed forces, calling them a crucial weapon against heavily armed drug gangs terrorizing the nation.
    (AP, 12/2/06)

2006        Dec 3, Mexico’s newly sworn-in president Felipe Calderon decreed a 10% pay cut for himself and his cabinet members, echoing a central campaign promise of the leftist rival he beat by a razor-thin margin.
    (AP, 12/3/06)

2006        Dec 5, Mexico’s Pres. Calderon, under pressure to promote the social programs his leftist rival championed, presented an austere budget that increases spending for social programs to help the country's poorest. Mexican police arrested Flavio Sosa, the symbolic leader of a six-month-long protest movement that took over southern Oaxaca city, hours after he gave a news conference saying he had come to the capital to start talks with the government.
    (AP, 12/5/06)

2006        Dec 6, Mexico’s President Felipe Calderon announced a program to help Mexico's 100 poorest communities, responding to leftist critics who accuse the conservative leader of wanting to help only the rich.
    (AP, 12/7/06)

2006        Dec 8, In Mexico more than 100 prisoners escaped from a state penitentiary a few miles from Cancun's resort zone after hundreds of inmates overpowered guards with knives and bats. Police quickly recaptured most of the men, but there were still 17 at large. More than 250 federal police agents surrounded the offices of the Oaxaca state police force and seized its weapons to determine whether any were used in shootings during six months of demonstrations in Oaxaca City. Assailants shot dead an Indian activist in Mexico's conflict-ridden state of Oaxaca. The bullet-ridden corpse of Raul Marcial Perez was found on a road near the Mixtec Indian community of Agua Fria about 120 miles north of Oaxaca City.
    (AP, 12/9/06)(AP, 12/10/06)

2006        Dec 10, Leonel Cota, president of the Democratic Revolution Party (PRD), Mexico's largest leftist party, led thousands of protesters in a march to the center Oaxaca, demanding the resignation of the state governor and the withdrawal of thousands of federal police.
    (AP, 12/11/06)

2006        Dec 12, Mexico's new president launched his first major offensive against drug gangs, sending more than 6,500 federal forces to Michoacan, his violence-plagued home state, to crack down on turf wars that have left hundreds dead in a wave of execution-style killings and beheadings. The body of Luis Felipe Zavala, cousin of Mexico's first lady Margarita Zavala, was found in his minivan in the city of Naucalpan in Mexico State.
    (AP, 12/12/06)(AP, 12/14/06)

2006        Dec 13, A group of about 300 Mazahua Indians briefly seized a water treatment plant on Mexico City's western outskirts and temporarily cut off one of the main sources of water for the metropolis of 18 million people. The protest was motivated by demands for more government development aid. The government teamed up with doctors, academics and a US-based drug company to announce a campaign to reduce the number of smokers in Mexico by more than 10 percent in three years.
    (AP, 12/14/06)

2006        Dec 15, In Mexico Elias Valencia, a suspected head of the Valencia cartel, was arrested along with four other people at a mountain ranch near the town of Aguililla in Michoacan state.
    (AP, 12/17/06)

2006        Dec 16, In Mexico hundreds of federal police officers packed up their tents and marched out of Oaxaca’s central square, ending their seven-week occupation to put down a lengthy protest by leftists that had left nine people dead. A Mexican air force plane crashed into the sea near the resort city of Acapulco and rescue teams were searching for its four crew members.
    (AP, 12/16/06)

2006        Dec 19, Officials said thousands of soldiers sent to seize control of one of Mexico's top drug-producing regions have discovered widespread cultivation of a hybrid marijuana plant that is easy to grow and difficult to kill.
    (AP, 12/19/06)

2006        Dec 28, In central Mexico a passenger bus collided with a freight train, killing 22 people.
    (AP, 12/28/06)

2006        Mexico’s Transportation and Communications Secretary Luis Tellez alleged in a recorded conversation that former President Carlos Salinas (1988-1994) stole from a secret government fund. The contents of the conversation were made public in February, 2009. Tellez resigned 2 weeks later following threats that other recordings would be revealed.
    (SFC, 3/4/09, p.A2)
2006        In Mexico some Zetas, former military special-forces members, broke away from their Gulf cartel associations to form the La Familia organized crime group. La Familia was formed when the gang, then known as "The Business," broke off from the Gulf cartel and declared its independence by rolling the severed heads into a disco in the mountain city of Uruapan.
    (Econ, 7/25/09, p.34)(AP, 12/11/10)
2006        Mexico, the world’s largest Spanish-speaking country, counted a population of some 106 million people. An estimated 500,000 Mexicans left the country each year in search of better opportunities.
    (Econ, 11/18/06, Survey p.3,16)
2006        Mexico counted 2,200 murders this year linked to organized crime. Reporters Without Borders later counted 9 journalists killed this year in Mexico along with 3 missing.
    (Econ, 6/16/07, p.45)(Econ, 10/27/07, p.47)

2006-2010    Mexico seized some 55,000 assault weapons, most of which were bought legally in the United States.
    (Econ, 10/16/10, p.16)

2007        Jan 2, Mexico said it is sending some 3,300 soldiers and federal police officers to fight drug gangs in the crime-plagued border city of Tijuana, which has become a major smuggling route for cocaine and methamphetamine entering the United States.
    (AP, 1/3/07)

2007        Jan 4, Jorge Bajos Valverde, a Mexican state legislator, was gunned down in the center of Acapulco on his way to an interview at a radio and TV station.
    (AP, 1/5/07)

2007        Jan 5, Mexican officials in Michoacan state said they had found nine bodies in a shallow grave in the city of Uruapan.
    (AP, 1/6/07)

2007        Jan 6, Mexican federal and state police manned checkpoints within Tijuana’s city limits as local police suspended their patrols because soldiers sent to crack down on drug gangs and corruption seized most of their guns on suspicion they aided traffickers.
    (AP, 1/6/07)

2007        Jan 9, In Mexico Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, who has refused to accept his slim loss to President Felipe Calderon in July's election, launched a weekly TV show mocking the government's battle against crime and unemployment and promising to promote a law targeting Mexico's monopolies.
    (AP, 1/10/07)

2007        Jan 12, Francisco Javier Dominguez-Rivera (22) of Puebla, Mexico, was killed in a confrontation with the unidentified agent north of the US-Mexico border in Arizona between Bisbee and Douglas. On Jan 16 the Mexican government sent a diplomatic note to the United States protesting the fatal shooting.
    (AP, 1/16/07)

2007        Jan 13, It was reported that swarms of locusts had descended on the Mexican state of Yucatan and threatened over 12,000 acres of vegetation.
    (SFC, 1/13/07, p.B8)

2007        Jan 14, Gunmen burst into the home of Jaime Meraz Martinez, a political leader in the northern Mexican state of Durango, and fatally shot him, two family members and an employee.
    (AP, 1/15/07)

2007        Jan 15, President Felipe Calderon launched a program to create jobs for young Mexicans and curb the flow of millions of migrants to the United States.
    (AP, 1/15/07)

2007        Jan 16, Pedro Diaz Parada, a drug cartel leader, was arrested in the southern state of Oaxaca and taken to Mexico City. This was the first major drug arrest under the administration of President Felipe Calderon.
    (AP, 1/18/07)

2007        Jan 18, President Felipe Calderon signed an accord with businesses to curb soaring tortilla prices and protect Mexico's poor from speculative sellers and a surge in the cost of corn driven by the US ethanol industry.
    (AP, 1/18/07)
2007        Jan 18, Truck driver Albano Ramirez Santos tried to commit suicide by throwing himself onto the tracks of the Mexico City subway and was later beaten to death by police. Santos was reportedly despondent over the theft of his truck.
    (AP, 1/21/07)

2007        Jan 19, Mexico extradited four major drug traffickers to the US, including Osiel Cardenas, head of the so-called Gulf Cartel. President Felipe Calderon announced that 7,600 soldiers have massed in the Pacific coast state of Guerrero to go after drug gangs that have committed beheadings and other violence in the resort city of Acapulco in recent months.
    (AP, 1/19/07)(AP, 1/20/07)(Econ, 1/27/07, p.p33)

2007        Jan 20, In Mexico Rodolfo Rincon (54), who worked for the newspaper Tabasco Hoy, was last seen after he reported on local drug dealers. In 2010 Mexican authorities said he was killed by a drug cartel's hit men who dissolved his body in acid.
    (AP, 3/1/10)

2007        Jan 24, In southern Mexico a bus plunged into a ravine in remote mountains, killing at least 29 people.
    (AP, 1/25/07)

2007        Jan 26, Six federal police officers involved in President Felipe Calderon's anti-drug operation were being investigated for extortion after they were videotaped taking money from a driver in the border city of Tijuana.
    (AP, 1/27/07)

2007        Jan 27, Police in Tijuana, Mexico, got their guns back three weeks after they were forced to turn over weapons to federal authorities because of allegations they were colluding with drug traffickers.
    (AP, 1/27/07)

2007        Jan 31, In Mexico City some 75,000 unionists, farmers and leftists marched to protest price increases in basic foodstuffs like tortillas, a direct challenge to the new president's market-oriented economic policies blamed by some for widening the gulf between rich and poor.
    (AP, 2/1/07)
2007        Jan 31, In Mexico a lesbian couple registered what officials called Mexico's first gay civil union in the northern city of Saltillo.
    (AP, 1/31/07)

2007        Feb 1, Mexico’s President Felipe Calderon praised a new law that obligates federal and local authorities to prevent, punish and eradicate violence against women, and he promised a "relentless" fight against gender-related abuse.   
    (AP, 2/1/07)

2007        Feb 3, In Mexico thousands of protesters marched in Oaxaca to demand the resignation of the state governor. A man's chopped up body was discovered in Acapulco dumped in plastic garbage bags.
    (AP, 2/3/07)(Reuters, 2/5/07)

2007        Feb 6, In Mexico more than a dozen armed assailants staged and videotaped simultaneous attacks against two offices of the state attorney general in Acapulco, killing five agents and two secretaries.
    (AP, 2/6/07)

2007        Feb 14, Mexican immigration agents allegedly locked 10 Guatemalan and two Salvadoran migrants in a trailer after they refused to pay a bribe against of $110 each. In late 2008 the country's National Human Rights Commission called for a government investigation.
    (AP, 12/31/08)

2007        Feb 15, Assailants shot dead four police officers in the western Mexican city of Aguascalientes, the latest in a wave of slayings of law enforcement officers across Mexico.
    (AP, 2/15/07)

2007        Feb 18, Officials said the Mexican government will expand its anti-drug raids to two states across the border from Texas, deploying more than 3,000 soldiers, sailors and federal police.
    (AP, 2/19/07)

2007        Feb 19, Mexican President Felipe Calderon announced that soldiers waging an offensive against drug traffickers will get a pay hike of 45 percent this year in a bid to insulate them from corruption. This coincided with a decision to lower his own pay by 10% and abolish pensions for Mexican presidents.
    (AP, 2/19/07)(SSFC, 7/8/07, p.A7)

2007        Feb 22, The Bush administration announced its plan to have US inspectors oversee Mexican trucking companies that carry cargo across the border.  Mexico responded to the US announcement by saying it will allow trucks from 100 US companies to travel across the border. The news that Mexican trucks will be allowed to haul freight deeper into the US drew an angry reaction the next day from labor leaders, safety advocates and members of Congress.
    (AP, 2/23/07)

2007        Feb 26, Four Mexican soldiers were arrested and accused of raping and murdering a 73-year-old woman a day earlier in a case that outraged Indian groups in Soledad Atzompa in Veracruz state. In May a special prosecutor found no evidence that soldiers beat and raped Ernestina Ascensio Rosario. An autopsy on Ascensio's body showed that she died of acute anemia from internal bleeding in her digestive tract.
    (AP, 3/1/07)(AP, 5/1/07)

2007        Feb 27, Mexico's Supreme Court ruled that the armed forces cannot kick out HIV-positive members because doing so is discriminatory and unconstitutional. Mexico's head of migration pledged to improve the agency's detention centers in response to criticism that Mexico fails to give Central American immigrants the same respect it demands for its own citizens in the United States.
    (AP, 2/28/07)
2007        Feb 27, CompUSA said it will close 126 retail stores by the end of May. The restructure would leave 103 stores and include a $440 million cash infusion from parent company US Commercial Corp., a holding company in Mexico City controlled by Carlos Slim.
    (SFC, 2/28/07, p.C3)

2007        Feb, Marcelo Ebrard, Mexico City’s newly elected mayor, sent 600 police on a raid to evict residents from 73 apartments in a building in Tepito, said to be a drug-dealing center. Raids there and nearby netted 2 kilos of cocaine, 30 tons of DVDs and 90 kilos of marijuana.
    (Econ, 3/10/07, p.34)
2007        Feb, Mexican customs agent Jorge Santillan seized a truck crossing from Brownsville, Texas, to Matamoros, Mexico, carrying a grenade launcher and 17 grenades along with 18 rifles and 17 pistols. Days later, the agent was shot to death with a Kalashnikov assault rifle.
    (AP, 8/15/07)

2007        Mar 3, In southern Mexico gunmen killed two members of Mexico's former ruling party in the mountain city of Tlapa in Guerrero state.
    (AP, 3/3/07)

2007        Mar 6, In Mexico gunmen wounded Gen. Francisco Fernandez, the top security official in the Gulf coast state of Tabasco, and killed his driver.
    (AP, 3/7/07)

2007        Mar 9, President Felipe Calderon proposed sweeping reforms to Mexico's justice system, including US-style trials and a unified criminal code. Mexican federal police detained 81 Chinese immigrants and 22 immigration agents after the Chinese were discovered hiding in the Cancun airport terminal, possibly with the protection of Mexican immigration officers.
    (AP, 3/10/07)

2007        Mar 10, In northern Mexico 8 people were killed and 11 were injured when a bus slammed into a tractor trailer carrying aluminum beams.
    (AP, 3/10/07)

2007        Mar 13, In Mexico Pres. Bush met with Pres. Felipe Calderon in Merida. Bush sought to soothe strained ties by promising to prod Congress to overhaul tough US immigration policies, but Mexican President Felipe Calderon criticized US plans for a 700-mile border fence. Hundreds of demonstrators marched to the US Embassy in Mexico City, attacking riot police with concrete blocks, metal bars and tearing down barricades to protest Bush's visit.
    (AP, 3/14/07)(AP, 3/13/08)

2007        Mar 15, Mexican Federal agents seized the cash, eight luxury vehicles, seven weapons and a machine to make pills during a raid at a house in Lomas de Chapultepec. The attorney general later said the $206 million in cash seized was connected to one of the hemisphere's largest networks for trafficking pseudoephedrine, the main ingredient in methamphetamines. The ring had been operating since 2004 and was run by a native of China who had gained Mexican citizenship. A recount put the cashed seized to over $207 million.
    (AP, 3/17/07)(AP, 3/22/07)

2007        Mar 16, In Mexico an economist and a journalist became the first couple united under Mexico City's new gay civil union law.
    (AP, 3/16/07)

2007        Mar 17, Hundreds of Mexican federal police and soldiers surrounded the headquarters of Tabasco's state police and arrested top current and former commanders in a raid apparently linked to an assassination attempt against the state's public safety secretary. Mireya Lopez Portillo, the daughter of a retired Mexican general, and her husband, a television network executive, were shot to death while traveling in a sport utility vehicle in Mexico City. This raised fears the army is being targeted for attacks because of its broadening role in law enforcement.
    (AP, 3/18/07)
2007        Mar 17, The Arenitas waste water treatment plant, that Mexican officials say will help prevent pollution of US waterways, was inaugurated in the city of Mexicali, across the border from Calexico, Calif.
    (AP, 3/18/07)

2007        Mar 26, An American border inspector was sentenced to nearly six years in prison for taking cash and cars from smugglers, allowing them to shuttle illegal immigrants from Mexico into the United States.
    (AP, 3/26/07)

2007        Mar 27, Police in Mexico City kicked off a campaign to exchange guns for computers and other gifts in an attempt to reduce firearm deaths. Two bodies were found wrapped in plastic bags and sheets behind a television station in Mexico's port city of Veracruz, apparent victims of drug-related violence.
    (AP, 3/27/07)(AP, 3/28/07)

2007        Mar 29, In northern Mexico gunmen killed two police officers and six other people in less than 48 hours, the latest victims in a wave of drug-related violence.
    (AP, 3/30/07)

2007        Mar 30, A video purportedly showing the beheading of a drug cartel hit man appeared on video-sharing Web site YouTube, and its makers called on Mexicans to kill more members of the gang.
    (AP, 4/1/07)

2007        Apr 1, In Monterrey, Mexico, a tractor-trailer lost its brakes and killed nine people as it plowed through a residential area. The driver of a tractor-trailer was charged with homicide after testing positive for drugs.
    (AP, 4/2/07)(AP, 4/5/07)

2007        Apr 6, Amado Ramirez, the Acapulco correspondent for Mexico's top television news network, was shot to death.
    (AP, 4/7/07)

2007        Apr 11, A Mexican court ordered the reinstatement of ousted mineworkers union leader Napoleon Gomez Urrutia, more than a year after the government turned him out of office based on complaints of corruption.
    (AP, 4/11/07)

2007        Apr 12, Mexican President Felipe Calderon signed a law eliminating prison sentences for libel or defamation, drawing praise from media watchdog groups.
    (AP, 4/12/07)
2007        Apr 14, In Mexico a speeding bus crashed into a tractor-trailer outside the border city of Ciudad Juarez, killing 28 people and injuring 11 others.
    (AP, 4/15/07)(AP, 4/15/07)

2007        Apr 15, A 14-year-old matador who left Spain to escape his home country's ban on young bullfighters was nearly gored to death in a Mexican City ring, his lung punctured by a 900-pound bull.
    (AP, 4/16/07)

2007        Apr 16, Police found 17 bodies stuffed in cars or dumped on streets in garbage bags across Mexico in the latest wave of violence apparently triggered by warring drug gangs.
    (AP, 4/17/07)
2007        Apr 16, Nicaraguan police announced the arrest of more than two dozen local members of Mexico's powerful Sinaloa drug cartel but said they were still seeking the group's leader.
    (AP, 4/16/07)

2007        Apr 18, Mexican police and soldiers battled gunmen at a hospital in Tijuana in violence that left at least three people dead before the authorities subdued the attackers. Authorities said next day that the gunmen were hit men for the city's Arellano Felix drug cartel.
    (AP, 4/18/07)(AP, 4/19/07)

2007        Apr 21, In Mexico a Durango state police commander was kidnapped and killed and two other officers were shot dead in a gun battle with his abductors.
    (AP, 4/22/07)

2007        Apr 22, Marcos Leyes Perez, the son of the US consul in southern Oaxaca state, was stabbed during an apparent mugging.
    (AP, 4/23/07)

2007        Apr 23, Eleazar Medina Rojas, described as a key member of the powerful Gulf drug cartel, was arrested in the border city of Nuevo Laredo, along with his father, four other cartel members and four women. Authorities reported the killing of Jorge Gonzalez, police chief of Cardenas, in the southern Gulf coast state of Tabasco. Mexican police found the body of Saul Noe Martinez Ortega (36), a newspaper editor abducted last week in the border city of Agua Prieta. He had been dead at least six days and was found in neighboring Chihuahua state.
    (AP, 4/23/07)

2007        Apr 24, Mexico City lawmakers voted to legalize abortion during the first three months of pregnancy, a landmark decision likely to heighten church-state tensions in the Roman Catholic nation and lead to a bitter court battle.
    (AP, 4/25/07)

2007        Apr 26, A new measure legalizing abortions in Mexico City was published into law, allowing doctors to almost immediately begin terminating pregnancies in their first trimester.
    (AP, 4/26/07)

2007        Apr 30, US and Mexican law enforcement officials said Mexican druglords are taking over the business of smuggling migrants into the United States, using them as human decoys to divert authorities from billions of dollars in cocaine shipments across the same border.
    (AP, 4/30/07)

2007        Apr, Mexico’s CompartamosBanco went public as a lender to the poor. It was created in 1990 as a non-Governmental Organization (NGO). ACCION Int’l., a charity that has helped to spread microfinance since the 1970s, was an early investor and banked $140 million in the IPO, while retaining a 9% stake. ACCION had received funding from USAID.
    (Econ, 5/17/08, p.93)(http://tinyurl.com/46esnp)

2007        May 1, In Mexico 5 soldiers, including a colonel, and a suspected drug cartel enforcer were killed in a shootout in the western state of Michoacan, which has been plagued by drug violence and is the target of a military-led anti-drug offensive.
    (AP, 5/2/07)

2007        May 6, More than 18,000 people stripped down and bared it all in Mexico City's vast main square for US photographer Spencer Tunick's biggest nude shoot yet.
    (AP, 5/6/07)

2007        May 7, In western Mexico 4 purported drug smugglers were killed in a shootout with soldiers in Apatzingan, Michoacan state, the second deadly clash in a week between traffickers and troops in the same remote, mountainous region.
    (AP, 5/7/07)

2007        May 9, In Mexico gunmen opened fire on a naval commander in the Pacific resort city of Ixtapa and killed his bodyguard. Suspected drug traffickers attacked a military checkpoint in the Pacific resort of Huatulco. One attacker was killed.
    (AP, 5/10/07)

2007        May 12, In Mexico a severed head accompanied by a note of defiance from organized crime gangs and two hand grenades was found outside a military barracks in Veracruz state.
    (AP, 5/12/07)

2007        May 14, In Mexico City gunmen fatally shot Jose Nemesio Lugo, Mexico’s new federal narcotics intelligence chief, as he was on his way to work at the Attorney General's Office.
    (AP, 5/14/07)(SFC, 5/25/07, p.A1)

2007        May 15, A top Mexican anti-drug official said the US must do more to stop weapons from being smuggled into the hands of drug traffickers who are using them to kill Mexican soldiers and police.
    (AP, 5/15/07)

2007        May 16, In Mexico over 40 armed men abducted and killed 4 police officers south of the Arizona border.
    (SFC, 5/17/07, p.A3)
2007        May 16, Thomas Frank White, a US businessman, was convicted of raping a teenage boy and sentenced to more than 7 years in jail in Mexico. White, who founded the brokerage firm Thomas White & Co. in 1978, was arrested in Thailand in 2003 at the behest of Mexican officials and later extradited.
    (AP, 5/16/07)

2007        May 17, Mexican police chased the remnants of a criminal assault force through the mountains of Sonora near the Arizona border after kidnappings and gunbattles that left at least 22 people dead.
    (AP, 5/17/07)(Econ, 6/16/07, p.45)

2007        May 19, Assailants shot dead a police commander in a wealthy Monterrey suburb, the latest in a wave of killings of law enforcement officials across Mexico.
    (AP, 5/19/07)

2007        May 23, In western Mexico a tractor-trailer loaded with sand smashed into a toll booth and rebounded into other vehicles, setting off a blaze that killed 10 people.
    (AP, 5/24/07)

2007        May 25, In Mexico 2 members of the Popular Revolutionary Army (EPR), a Marxist guerrilla group, disappeared. A week later the group blamed the government and called for their safe return and warned of dire consequences. In July the group began blowing up natural gas pipelines. Attacks took place on July 6,10 and Sep 10.
    (WSJ, 11/14/07, p.A1)

2007        May 27, In southern Mexico assailants armed with Kalashnikov rifles shot dead six family members, including three children, as they ambushed a minivan on a country road.
    (AP, 5/27/07)

2007        May 28, In Mexico City Riyo Mori, a 20-year-old dancer from Japan who hopes to someday open an international dance school, was crowned Miss Universe 2007.
    (AP, 5/28/07)

2007        May 31, Mexico's Televisa network, known around the world for its soap operas, said it plans to expand in China, following the lead of taco chains and other Mexican businesses looking for a slice of the Asian nation's market.
    (AP, 5/31/07)

2007        Jun 1, Mexican soldiers fired on a family traveling to a funeral when they failed to stop after being ordered to do so at the checkpoint near the village of La Joya. 19 Mexican soldiers were sent to a military prison June 4 for the shooting that killed two women and three children. In 2011 the commanding officer received a 40-year sentence in a court martial and another officer received 38 years. A judge gave 12 enlisted soldiers 16-year sentences.
    (AP, 6/5/07)(AP, 11/3/11)

2007        Jun 3, In southern Mexico tons of bananas collapsed the false floor of a tractor-trailer smuggling migrants, killing 6 people hidden inside a secret compartment and wounding a dozen others.
    (AP, 6/4/07)

2007        Jun 11, Mexican police and soldiers arrested three men during an operation to fight illegal logging in a mountain region south of Mexico City where environmentalist Aldo Zamora (21) was killed on May 15.
    (AP, 6/11/07)

2007        Jun 14, Abel Diaz Lucas, also known as Jorge Guevara-Perez, was arrested in El Paso, Texas. The next day he was handed to Mexican authorities, who had been trying to find Diaz for five years. They accused him of running a central Mexico gang notorious for cutting off the fingers and ears of their victims and sending them to their families to demand ransom money.
    (AP, 6/15/07)

2007        Jun 15, In Mexico the government of Oaxaca apologized for the first time for a police raid on protesters last year that led to the country's worst political unrest in years.
    (AP, 6/15/07)

2007        Jun 19, Antonio Aguilar (88), Mexican mariachi singer and actor, died. He recorded more than 150 albums and began his acting career during Mexico's "Golden Era" of cinema. He appeared in 167 films, including "The Undefeated" starring John Wayne.
    (AP, 6/20/07)

2007        Jun 21, Mario Villanueva, the former Mexican governor of Quintana Roo, was freed after six years behind bars and immediately re-arrested on a US extradition request in which he is accused of helping smuggle 200 tons of cocaine into the United States.
    (AP, 6/21/07)

2007        Jun 25, Mexico temporarily removed all 284 of its top federal police officers from their jobs and is forcing them to undergo psychological reviews to prove they will not be corrupted in the fight against drug trafficking.
    (AP, 6/25/07)

2007        Jul 4, In Mexico heavy rains triggered the landslide on a remote winding road near the town of Eloxochitlan in the state of Puebla. As many as 60 passengers were thought to be buried in a bus on the rural road. 32 bodies were recovered.
    (AP, 7/5/07)(AP, 7/6/07)
2007        Jul 4, Mexico’s financial website Sentido Comun reported that telecom tycoon Carlos Slim Helu (67) has overtaken Microsoft founder Bill Gates as the richest person on the planet.
    (AFP, 7/4/07)

2007        Jul 5, Mine workers across Mexico waged a 24-hour strike, hoping to achieve better safety standards and to improve collective labor's footing in the industry.
    (AP, 7/6/07)
2007        Jul 5, In Mexico a small cargo jet failed to take off in Culiacan and barreled onto an adjacent highway, killing at least 9 people, including two soldiers assigned to the Mexican president's security detail.
    (AP, 7/6/07)

2007        Jul 7, A global poll picked the Great Wall of China, Rome's Colosseum, India's Taj Mahal, Peru’s Macchu Picchu, Jordan’s Petra, Brazil's Statue of Christ Redeemer and Mexico's Chichen Itza pyramid as the new seven wonders of the world. The campaign to name the new wonders was launched in 1999 by the Swiss adventurer Bernard Weber.
    (AP, 7/8/07)

2007        Jul 10, Mexico's government called a series of gas pipeline explosions a threat to the nation's democratic institutions and vowed to step up security after a guerrilla group claimed responsibility for the blasts.
    (AP, 7/11/07)

2007        Jul 11, In western Mexico Honda, Hershey's and other multinational companies temporarily shut down their factories after rebels attacked a key natural gas pipeline.
    (AP, 7/12/07)

2007        Jul 12, News reports said Mexico’s Pres. Felipe Calderon has dispatched a new 5,000- strong elite military unit to guard strategic sites, including oil refineries and dams in the wake of recent guerrilla attacks on pipelines operated by Pemex.
    (SFC, 7/13/07, p.A10)

2007        Jul 13, Roman Robles-Cota (32), a police chief in the northern Mexican town of Sonoyta pleaded guilty to charges that he bribed a US Border Patrol agent in 2005 in an effort to help a smuggling operation.
    (AP, 7/13/07)

2007        Jul 16, In Mexico police fired tear gas to prevent hundreds of leftist protesters from reaching the venue of an international folk festival in Oaxaca, in the worst outbreak of violence in the troubled Mexican city since November.
    (AP, 7/16/07)

2007        Jul 23, Zhenli Ye Gon was arrested in a Maryland restaurant, four months after police discovered $207 million at his Mexico City mansion in what US officials have called the world's biggest seizure of drug cash. Mexican officials had 60 days to file their legal arguments for Ye Gon's extradition. Ye Gon has claimed that $150 million of the money belonged to Mexico's ruling party, and that he was forced to store it for party officials in his mansion under threat of death during the 2006 presidential race. Ye Gon later told US prosecutors he had sold tons of a chemical used to make methamphetamine on the black market.
    (AP, 7/24/07)(AP, 10/23/09)

2007        Jul 30, The body of Luis Lazaro Lara Morejon, a Cuban-American who was under investigation in a migrant smuggling case, was found riddled with bullets along a road outside Cancun, Mexico.
    (AP, 7/31/07)
2007        Jul 30, The Mexican Miners and Metalworkers Union (SNTMMRM) struck Grupo Mexico to demand wage increases and improved safety conditions. Striking workers occupied the Cananea copper mine in the northern state of Sonora and continued into 2010.
    (Econ, 4/24/10, p.59)(www.reuters.com/article/idUSN1819816120100218)

2007        Jul 31, In Mexico the bodies of Josue Hernandez (32) and Anibal Sanchez (30), both agents with Mexico's Federal Agency of Investigation, were found in Guerrero state, where they were gathering intelligence on drug traffickers. The agents had taken part in a raid that discovered $205 million in cash in a Mexico City mansion.
    (AP, 8/2/07)

2007        Aug 5, Jose Guadalupe Osuna (51) of Mexico’s National Action Party won the elections for governor in Baha California. He defeated PRI candidate Jorge Hank, a former mayor of Tijuana and self-proclaimed billionaire with links to organized crime.
    (SFC, 8/7/07, p.A9)

2007        Aug 18, Hurricane Dean barreled across the eastern Caribbean and took aim at Hispaniola, Jamaica and Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula, with forecasters saying it could turn into a monster Category 5 storm within 72 hours. Dean claimed at least six lives as it began sweeping past the Dominican Republic and Haiti.
    (AP, 8/18/07)

2007        Aug 19, Elvira Arellano (32), an illegal immigrant who took refuge in a Chicago church for a year to avoid being separated from her American-born son, was deported from the US to Mexico, where she vowed to continue her campaign to change US immigration laws.
    (AP, 8/21/07)(AP, 8/19/08)

2007        Aug 20, Tens of thousands of tourists fled the beaches of the Mayan Riviera as Hurricane Dean roared toward Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula.
    (AP, 8/20/08)

2007        Aug 21, Hurricane Dean slammed into the Caribbean coast of Mexico as a roaring Category 5 hurricane, the most intense Atlantic storm to make landfall in two decades. Dean made landfall after killing 13 people in the Caribbean.
    (AP, 8/22/07)

2007        Aug 22, Hurricane Dean closed in on the Mexican mainland, battering oil platforms on the Bay of Campeche. Dean was downgraded to a tropical storm as it drenched central Mexico.
    (AP, 8/22/07)(WSJ, 8/23/07, p.A1)

2007        Aug 23, The remnants of Hurricane Dean dumped heavy rain across central Mexico, drenching mudslide-prone mountains as it pushed its way inland after slamming into the nation's Gulf Coast as a Category 2 storm. Thousands of Mayan Indians lost homes as Hurricane Dean blew through the Yucatan peninsula, but their real wealth was the trees, now scattered and broken in the storm's wake. Village after village is carpeted with fallen mangoes, oranges, guanabanas and mameys that will never be harvested. Across Mexico at least 10 people died from the storm.
    (AP, 8/23/07)(WSJ, 8/24/07, p.A1)

2007        Aug 31, The World Trade Organization opened a formal investigation into allegations by the US and Mexico that China is providing illegal subsidies for a range of industries.
    (AP, 8/31/07)

2007        Sep 1, In Mexico Tropical Storm Henriette dumped heavy rains on Acapulco, flooding streets and prompting officials to close more than 1,000 schools, while Tropical Storm Felix formed in the Caribbean.
    (AP, 9/1/07)

2007        Sep 5, Hurricane Henriette threatened Mexico's mainland after punishing the Los Cabos resorts.
    (AP, 9/5/07)

2007        Sep 6, Martin Villegas, Mexican boot maker to world leaders, including President Bush and Vicente Fox, was arrested in Colorado along with two other Mexican nationals and two US residents following a three-year undercover operation by US Fish and Wildlife Service agents. The five allegedly made 25 illegal shipments of banned skins into the US since 2005.
    (AP, 9/22/07)

2007        Sep 9, In northern Mexico a truck carrying 25 tons of ammonium nitrate blew up after colliding with another vehicle, killing at least 37 people, including three reporters who came to the scene near Sacramento.
    (AP, 9/10/07)(Econ, 9/15/07, p.40)

2007        Sep 10, Several explosions in Veracruz state, believed to be the work of saboteurs, ripped apart natural gas pipelines for Mexico's state oil monopoly. The explosions forced the evacuation of some 12,000 people. The so-called People's Revolutionary Army (EPR) claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 9/11/07)
2007        Sep 10, In central Mexico a bus carrying worshippers on a pilgrimage to a famous shrine plunged into a valley, killing nine passengers and leaving 38 injured.
    (AP, 9/11/07)

2007        Sep 11, Mexican President Felipe Calderon visited India's technology hub of Bangalore to get a feel for the success of its outsourcing companies, and to encourage them to invest more in Mexico.
    (AP, 9/11/07)

2007        Sep 15, In western Mexico a bus carrying tourists including passengers of a flight from Phoenix crashed, killing at least 17 people.
    (AP, 9/16/07)

2007        Sep 28, In Mexico City more than 30 federal agents arrested Avila Beltran (46), who allegedly spent more than a decade working her way to the top echelons of Mexico's male-dominated drug trade.
    (AP, 10/4/07)
2007        Sep 28, Hurricane Lorenzo crashed into Mexico's Gulf coast before dawn, ripping apart shacks, uprooting trees and sending billboards flying through the air. At least 5 people died.
    (AP, 9/28/07)(AP, 9/29/07)

2007        Oct 8, Police in Mexico City arrested Jose Luis Calva, an aspiring horror novelist, after discovering his girlfriend's torso in his closet, a leg in the refrigerator and bones in a cereal box. Police had come to Calva's apartment to investigate the disappearance of his girlfriend, Alejandra Galeana, a 30-year-old pharmacy clerk and single mother.
    (AP, 10/11/07)

2007        Oct 12, In Mexico more than 1,000 police officers in riot gear blocked street vendors from setting up stands selling knockoff purses and pirated DVDs, clearing Mexico City's clogged historic center for the first time in more than a decade.
    (AP, 10/13/07)

2007        Oct 18, Teenage pop star Belinda (18), who starred in the Disney Channel's "Cheetah Girls 2," won the video of the year award at the MTV Video Music Awards Latin America in Mexico City. The native of Madrid, Spain, who grew up in Mexico, also won best solo artist.
    (AP, 10/19/07)

2007        Oct 16, A boat from Guatemala with over 20 migrants capsized. Mexican authorities by the end of the week recovered the bodies of 15 migrants. The vessel was believed to be carrying more than 20 people. There were 2 survivors.
    (AP, 10/21/07)

2007        Oct 22, The US announced the Merida Initiative. It was signed into law on June 30, 2008. It is a security cooperation between the United States and the government of Mexico and the countries of Central America, with the aim of combating the threats of drug trafficking, transnational crime and money laundering. The assistance includes training, equipment and intelligence.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M%C3%A9rida_Initiative)
2007        Oct 22,     Pres. Bush asked Congress for $196.4 billion for the Iraq war. This included $500 million to help Mexico fight drug traffickers as Mexico and the US announced plans for a $1.4 billion aid package to fight drug trafficking and other organized crime south of the border.
    (SFC, 10/23/07, p.A7)(WSJ, 10/23/07, p.A1)

2007        Oct 23, At least 21 oil workers were killed when a drilling rig hit an oil platform in stormy weather, spilling gas and oil into the Gulf of Mexico. Pemex said the workers who died included four Pemex employees, seven employees of the subcontractor company that operated the rig, at least one rescue boat crew member, and six others who worked for other companies. On Dec 16 Pemex announced that the well was finally capped. Roughly 420 barrels of oil per day had spilled from the damaged platform since the accident.
    (AP, 10/25/07)(AP, 12/16/07)

2007        Oct, Mexican officials seized 23.5 tons of cocaine this month, the largest seizure ever reported in Mexico. A US report, commissioned by Sen. Lugar, later estimated that 530-710 tons of cocaine crossed annually into the US.
    (Econ, 2/2/08, p.45)
 
2007        Nov 2, Rescuers in boats and helicopters worked to evacuate people stranded by a flood the president called "one of the worst natural disasters" to hit Mexico. A week of heavy rains caused rivers to overflow, leaving 70 percent of the Gulf state of Tabasco underwater. Gov. Andres Granier estimated the damage at $5 billion. The death toll reached to about 25.
    (AP, 11/2/07)(Econ, 11/10/07, p.45)

2007        Nov 4, In Mexico a landslide hit a rain-swollen river, triggering what officials called a "mini-tsunami" that wiped San Juan Grijalva, in Chiapas near the Tabasco border, off the map. 15 bodies were later recovered with 9 left missing. The floods killed at least 8 others in Tabasco and elsewhere in Chiapas.
    (AP, 11/6/07)(AP, 11/13/07)(AP, 11/21/07)

2007        Nov 14, A broad electoral reform that infuriated Mexico's broadcast industry by barring political parties from buying radio and television advertisements took effect.
    (AP, 11/13/07)

2007        Dec 2, In Mexico Sergio Gomez, lead performer for the top-selling group K-Paz de la Sierra, was abducted, tortured and strangled to death. His body was found the next day. A day earlier Zayda Pena of the group Zayda and the Guilty Ones was killed execution-style at the hospital where she was recovering from neck surgery for a shooting on Nov 30, in which 2 other people were killed.  Fears rose that singers, whether they have any links to drug cartels or not, get routinely "adopted" by drug gangs, which post Internet videos showing their members torturing and executing rivals to soundtracks of popular tunes.
    (AP, 12/5/07)(SFC, 12/5/07, p.E3)

2007        Dec 4, In Mexico gunmen shot and killed a deputy police chief inside his house in the border city of Tecate.
    (AP, 12/4/07)

2007        Dec 5, Mexican police conducted the biggest anti-logging raid in the nation's history at clandestine sawmills that cut timber on a threatened nature reserve where Monarch butterflies nest in the winter. Authorities in the Mexican border city of Ciudad Juarez said that they plan to exhume the remains of more than 4,000 unidentified people buried in common graves and take DNA samples in an attempt to identify them.
    (AP, 12/5/07)(AP, 12/7/07)

2007        Dec 6, In southern Mexico Jose Luis Aquino (33), a trumpet player, was found dead with his hands and feet bound and a nylon bag over his head, in what authorities said was apparently the country's third murder of a musician in less than a week.
    (AP, 12/7/07)

2007        Former Mexican Pres. Fox authored his ghost-written memoir “Revolution of Hope.” It was published in English prior to a Spanish version.
    (Econ, 10/6/07, p.42)
2007        Sam Quinines authored “Antonio’s Gun and Delfino’s Dream: True Tales of Mexican Migration.”
    (SSFC, 4/22/07, p.M1)
2007        Gregory Rodriguez authored “Mongrels, Bastards, Orphans, and Vagabonds: Mexican Immigration and the Future of Race in America.”
    (Econ, 11/10/07, p.102)
2007        Alberto Nava, a California cave diver, and two Mexican dive budies discovered a human skeleton in a deep underwater cave in Mexico’s Yucatan jungle. In 2014 scientists said the skeleton was that of a young girl who probably fell into the cave over 12,000 years ago. DNA evidence linked her to modern native Americans.
    (SFC, 5/16/14, p.D8)

2008        Jan 1, In Mexico import tariffs on maize, beans, sugar and milk were eliminated.
    (Econ, 1/26/08, p.38)

2008        Jan 7, A shootout between Mexican authorities and suspected criminals just across the border from Texas left three people dead and eight injured.
    (AP, 1/8/08)

2008        Jan 8, In Mexico 3 US residents and seven others linked to the powerful Gulf drug cartel were arrested following a deadly shootout in Rio Bravo just across the border from Texas. In a second shootout, two federal agents were killed and three more injured when they clashed with a group of suspects in the nearby city of Reynosa.
    (AP, 1/9/08)

2008        Jan 10, In Mexico gunmen shot dead two federal agents and a civilian in the central state of Michoacan.
    (AP, 1/11/08)

2008        Jan 11, In central Mexico a helicopter carrying volunteers on a mission to distribute toys to needy children crashed, killing eight people, including a government official.
    (AP, 1/12/08)

2008        Jan 14, In Mexico Tijuana District Commander Jose de Jesus Arias Rico and his assistant Elbert Escobedo Marquez were riddled with bullets as they traveled in a private vehicle after finishing their shift. A car chase and shootout between Tijuana municipal police and at least two people who allegedly tried to rob an armored car after it made a cash pickup at a bank. One suspect was killed and another was wounded.
    (AP, 1/15/08)

2008        Jan 15, In Mexico before dawn Margarito Saldana, Tijuana district commander, was shot dead while he slept in his home.
    (AP, 1/15/08)

2008        Jan 17, In Mexico officials found six bodies inside a Tijuana house where gunmen took refuge during a shootout with soldiers and police.
    (AP, 1/17/08)

2008        Jan 19, In southern California a Hummer, suspected of carrying drugs and heading to Mexico, cut through a campground and hit and killed Luis Aguilar (32), a US Border Patrol, as he threw a spike strip in front of the vehicle. On Jan 23 Jesus Navarro Montes (22) was arrested in the northern state of Sonora for hitting Aguilar. On April 12, 2011, Navarro was found guilty of drug charges and second degree murder for killing Aguilar. On July 1 Navarro was sentenced to life in prison and was given an additional 80 years in prison on drug charges.
    (SFC, 1/21/08, p.A3)(AP, 1/23/08)(Reuters, 4/13/11)(SFC, 7/2/11, p.A5)

2008        Jan 21, Mexico's army captured Alfredo Beltran Leyva, a top lieutenant of the Sinaloa cartel. He allegedly commanded squads of hit men and organized drug shipments north.
    (AP, 1/21/08)

2008        Jan 22, In Mexico 11 alleged hit men for a powerful drug cartel were captured at two Mexico City mansions stocked with grenades and automatic weapons, a day after Mexican authorities reported nabbing one of the cartel's reputed leaders.
    (AP, 1/22/08)

2008        Jan 29, In Mexico City Elvira Arellano, a deported Mexican migrant who holed up in a Chicago church to fight for immigrants' rights, rallied support for Flor Crisostomo (28), another woman now seeking refuge in the same building. Four Mexican military officers and one soldier, were turned over to prosecutors for alleged links to Alfredo Beltran Leyva, but their cases weren't made public until Oct 31.
    (AP, 1/30/08)(AP, 10/31/08)

2008        Jan 30, Fr. Marcial Maciel Degollado (b.1920), Mexican Roman Catholic priest who founded the Legion of Christ and the Regnum Christi movement (1941), died in Texas.
    (www.nytimes.com/2008/02/01/world/americas/01maciel.html)

2008        Jan 31, In Mexico tens of thousands of demonstrators marched through downtown Mexico City to protest recent trade openings that removed the last tariff protections for ancestral Mexican crops like corn and beans.
    (AP, 1/31/08)

2008        Feb 7, Mexican soldiers seized nearly 10 tons of marijuana, a machine gun, scores of assault rifles and three grenades in a raid just across the border from Texas.
    (AP, 2/8/08)

2008        Feb 15, In Mexico City a bomb exploded near the police headquarters killing one man. A singer and two members of his staff were tortured and killed just south of the California border, apparently the latest victims in a string of slayings of Mexican musicians. The border killings were not reported until Feb 20.
    (WSJ, 2/16/08, p.A1)(AP, 2/20/08)

2008        Feb 26, Mexican lawmakers approved judicial reform that would introduce public, oral trials and guarantee the presumption of innocence, even as lawmakers deleted a proposal to allow police to search homes without a warrant. Mexico's Senate approved a law that would ban smoking in workplaces, public buildings and public transportation across the country, allowing it in private businesses only if special, ventilated smoking areas are set up. Investigators found parts from at least 8 bodies in a series of backyard pits at a house in Ciudad Juarez, across the border from El Paso, Texas. In March the body count increased to 36.
    (AP, 2/27/08)(AP, 2/26/08)(AP, 3/3/08)(AP, 3/16/08)

2008        Mar 7, Mexican soldiers seized assault rifles, grenades, marijuana and bulletproof vests bearing police insignia after a brief shootout in the border city of Tijuana. Police commander Ricardo Rodriguez was shot dead in a city plaza by gunmen who opened fire with assault rifles from a moving car. Six gunmen were also killed in the shootout.
    (AP, 3/7/08)(SFC, 3/10/08, p.A3)

2008        Mar 10, In Mexico a researcher said satellite photographs show illegal loggers have clear-cut large swathes of trees in the heart of a monarch butterfly reserve, threatening the insects' habitat. The images show illegal loggers chopped 1,100 acres of trees since 2004 in the core of a wooded park in Michoacan state.
    (AP, 3/11/08)
2008        Mar 10, In central Mexico a sports utility vehicle fell into a canal, killing nine small children but leaving their teacher unharmed.
    (AP, 3/11/08)

2008        Mar 11, Mexico's federal attorney general's office announced an investigation into allegations of corruption against Interior Secretary Juan Camilo Mourino, a confidant of the president who holds the government's second highest profile job.
    (AP, 3/12/08)

2008        Mar 13, Cuba and Mexico declared their once-chilly relations fully restored, and Cuba's foreign minister said he will soon deliver a formal invitation for Mexico's president to visit the island.
    (AP, 3/14/08)
2008        Mar 13, In central Mexico 6 people were shot and killed inside a private law office in Guadalajara.
    (AP, 3/14/08)

2008        Mar 25, In eastern Guatemala at least nine people were killed and seven wounded in a shootout that is likely tied to drug traffickers. Guatemalan drug boss Juan Jose "Juancho" Leon was summoned by Mexican traffickers for what he was told was business. Instead, dozens of attackers ambushed his entourage with grenades and assault rifles, killing Leon and 10 others in a brazen demonstration of power.
    (AP, 3/25/08)(AP, 7/21/09)

2008        Mar 26, In Mexico a confrontation in Sinaloa state left four civilians and two soldiers dead. A military judge later issued an arrest warrant for 5 soldiers considered as suspects.
    (AP, 4/5/08)

2008        Mar 27, The Mexican government said it has sent more than 2,500 soldiers and federal police to curb soaring violence in a border state across from Texas and New Mexico.
    (AP, 3/28/08)

2008        Mar 31, In Mexico Juana Barraza (50), a former female wrestler who terrorized Mexico City as the "Little Old Lady Killer," was sentenced to 759 years in jail for killing 16 elderly women.
    (AP, 3/31/08)

2008        Apr 4, In Mexico two soldiers deserted and were later killed during a gunbattle with police in the state of Nuevo Leon. 3 state police officers and a civilian also died in the violence. The Mexican army said soldiers looking for drug traffickers found $6 million in cash inside a truck near the US border and arrested five men at the scene. The daily El Universal reported that five soldiers had been arrested for passing information to the Sinaloa alliance of Pacific Coast smugglers.
    (AP, 4/5/08)(Reuters, 4/4/08)

2008        Apr 6, In southern Mexico a truck carrying Central American migrants in a hidden compartment plunged into a reservoir, killing at least eight people. Most of the migrants were believed to be from Guatemala.
    (AP, 4/7/08)

2008        Apr 8, In Mexico Pres. Calderon said he would ease some bureaucratic barriers, and allow Pemex to pay outside contractors a "bonus," not a percentage cut, for oil found in deep-water reserves.
    (AP, 4/9/08)

2008        Apr 10, Leftist lawmakers took over both chambers of Mexico's Congress to protest President Felipe Calderon's energy reform bill, which would make it easier for the state oil company to seek outside help to develop oil fields.
    (AP, 4/11/08)
2008        Apr 10, In Mexico police, working with FBI agents in the small town of Tacambaro, arrested Cpl. Cesar Laurean (21). He is charged with first-degree murder in the December, 2007, death at Camp Lejeune, NC, of Marine Lance Cpl. Maria Lauterbach, who had accused him of rape.
    (AP, 4/11/08)

2008        Apr 13, The winners of this year’s Goldman Awards were reported to be: Feliciano dos Santos (43) of Mozambique, the director of Estamos, an environmental group promoting sanitation, sustainable development and reforestation; Marina Rikhvanova (46), founder of Baikal Environmental Wave, which forced the rerouting of an oil pipeline in the Baikal basin; Pablo Fajardo (35) and Luis Yanza (48) of Ecuador, co-founders of the Amazon Defense Front, which accused Texaco (now Chevron) of dumping oil and wastewater into local streams; Rosa Hilda Ramos (63) of Puerto Rico, head of a movement to protect the Las Cicharillas Marsh; Ignace Schops (43) of Belgium, head of a movement to establish Belgium’s 1st and only national park; Jesus Leon (42) of Mexico, co-founder of the Center for Integral Small Farmer Development of the Mixtec (CEDICAM).
    (SSFC, 4/13/08, p.A4)

2008        Apr 15, In Mexico gunmen held up a family of US tourists in Baha and made off with their small plane from a hotel airstrip in Mulege.
    (AP, 4/15/08)

2008        Apr 17, Chief Juan Muniz, the Mexican police chief of the border city of Reynosa, was arrested for allegedly protecting members of the Gulf drug cartel.
    (AP, 4/17/08)

2008        Apr 18, In western Mexico a military helicopter crashed, killing 11 soldiers and seriously injuring another.
    (AP, 4/19/08)

2008        Apr 22, In New Orleans Pres. Bush ended a 2-day meeting with PM Harper of Canada and Pres. Calderon of Mexico as all three defended NAFTA. Bush denied the US is in recession calling the current economic situation a slowdown.
    (SFC, 4/23/08, p.A3)(WSJ, 4/23/08, p.A1)

2008        Apr 23, Officials said the US is scrapping a $20 million virtual fence, developed by Boeing Corp., on the Arizona-Mexico border because the system failed to adequately alert border patrol agents to illegal crossings.
    (SFC, 4/24/08, p.A7)

2008        Apr 26, In Mexico running gunbattles between suspected drug traffickers broke out on the streets of the border city of Tijuana, killing 13 people and wounding nine.
    (AP, 4/26/08)

2008        Apr 29, Migrant rights activists applauded a vote by Mexico's Congress to remove long-standing criminal penalties for undocumented migrants found in the country. President Felipe Calderon's office declined to say whether he would sign the popular measure into law.
    (AP, 4/29/08)

2008        May 1, Roberto Velasco, head of Mexico’s federal police organized crime division, was murdered. Police later said the murder was likely ordered by Arturo Beltran Leyva, a capo in the Sinaloa drug cartel.
    (Econ, 5/17/08, p.45)

2008        May 5, In southern Mexico a prominent cattle rancher hid from gunmen who killed two of his sons and kidnapped his daughter in weekend attacks that left 17 people dead.
    (AP, 5/5/08)

2008        May 7, In Mexico a leftist rebel group (EPR) linked to a series of oil pipeline blasts on rejected an offer from Mexico's government to hold talks. The People's Revolutionary Army dismissed a proposal by President Felipe Calderon because it said the offer showed no willingness to solve crimes allegedly committed by current and past administrations against its members. 
    (AP, 5/7/08)

2008        May 8, Edgar Millan Gomez (42), Mexico's acting federal police chief, was shot dead outside his Mexico City apartment complex, as drug traffickers increasingly lashed back at a nationwide crackdown on organized crime. Bodyguards at the scene arrested Alejandro Ramirez (34). Edgar Guzman, the son of Sinaloa cartel chief Joaquin Guzman, was shot dead in Culiacan, Sinaloa state. Also killed in the attack was Arturo Meza Cazares, the son of Blanca Margarita Cazares, whom the US has identified as a key money launderer for the cartel. Police later said Millan’s murder was likely ordered by Arturo Beltran Leyva, a capo in the Sinaloa drug cartel.
    (AP, 5/9/08)(SFC, 5/9/08, p.A16)(http://drugpolicycentral.com/bot/xarticle/ajc8708.htm)(Econ, 5/17/08, p.45)

2008        May 10, Juan Antonio Roman Garcia, the No. 2 police officer in a Mexican border city across from Texas, was shot dead, the latest high-ranking official killed in an onslaught of attacks blamed on gangs resisting a crackdown. Gunman sprayed Garcia's car with bullets outside his home in Ciudad Juarez.
    (AP, 5/11/08)

2008        May 12, Mexican authorities said a police officer and four other people, with suspected ties to a powerful drug cartel, have been arrested in the May 8 assassination of Edgar Millan Gomez, the acting federal police chief.
    (AP, 5/13/08)

2008        May 13, In Mexico more than 2,700 soldiers and federal agents were sent to Sinaloa state as part of a crackdown on drug-related violence.
    (AP, 5/15/08)

2008        May 14, In Mexico 2 police officers were shot and killed in Torreon, Coahuila state, when they tried to stop gunmen from kidnapping a family. Assailants opened fire and threw grenades at a police station in Guamuchil in the northern state of Sinaloa.
    (AP, 5/14/08)

2008        May 15, In Mexico Pres. Calderon held a signing ceremony for an agreement with Elba Esther Gordillo, head of the national teacher’s union, to promote the “Alliance for Educational Quality, an effort to improve teacher quality.
    (Econ, 5/24/08, p.55)

2008        May 18, An American woman (28) was among four people found dead in the Mexican beach town of Playas de Rosarito, near border with California.
    (AP, 5/20/08)

2008        May 19, In Mexico the military took over the town of Zirandaro near Texas after all 20 of its police officers were either killed, run out of town or quit.
    (AP, 5/23/08)

2008        May 20, In Mexico’s Durango state two rival groups opened fire at each other with pistols and assault rifles on a highway, killing eight people. Officials said the Mexican military took over the police department of Villa Ahumada this week because all 20 officers on the force have either been killed, run out of town or quit. The body of Victor Enrique Payan, 2nd in command of police in Morelos, was found with a second, unidentified Morelos state police officer in the trunk of a car south of Mexico City.
    (AP, 5/20/08)(AP, 5/22/08)

2008        May 23, Mexico's attorney general said homicides related to organized crime jumped 47 percent in 2008, in a rare confirmation of how bad violence has become.
    (AP, 5/23/08)
2008        May 23, Mexican federal officials said they plan to clean up Acapulco's bay, where an estimated 400 gallons (1,700 liters) of sewage spews into the Pacific ocean every second.
    (AP, 5/23/08)

2008        May 27, In Mexico 7 federal police and a suspected hit man were killed in a shootout as authorities surrounded a suspected drug safe house in Culiacan, home to the Sinaloa drug cartel.
    (AP, 5/27/08)

2008        May 31, Tropical Storm Arthur the first named storm of the 2008 Atlantic Hurricane Season, kicked up surf when it made landfall at the Belize-Mexico border and headed west.
    (AP, 6/1/08)

2008        Jun 1, In western Mexico Marcelo Ibarra, the mayor of Villa Madero, was forced from his car and shot dead. Officials believed the killing was an attempted robbery, although they haven't ruled out other motives.
    (AP, 6/3/08)

2008        Jun 3, In Mexico Claudio Conti (53) was reportedly kidnapped along Zicatela beach in Puerto Escondido, where he operated the Da Claudio restaurant and a hotel. On Feb 28, 2009, Mexican police said they had captured four men suspected of kidnapping the Italian businessman, and that one of the men told police the victim had been ordered killed, though it was not clear if the slaying was carried out.
    (AP, 3/1/09)

2008        Jun 4, A Mexican court sentenced Mario Villanueva, a former Quintana Roo state governor (1993-1996), to 36 years in prison for fomenting drug trafficking, overturning an earlier ruling that had imposed six years on lesser charges. A husband and wife, both state police officers, were shot dead while leaving their home in Ciudad Juarez, the border city where drug gangs have stepped up attacks against security forces.
    (AP, 6/5/08)(AP, 6/4/08)

2008        Jun 9, A note threatening a Mexican journalist was found outside the office of a newspaper in southern Mexico, two days after someone left a severed head there. The letter was directed at Juan Padilla, editor of El Correo de Tabasco, which recently carried reports about migrant smuggling and kidnapping in the area.
    (AP, 6/10/08)

2008        Jun 11, In southern Mexico armed men hijacked a bus carrying 33 Cubans and four Central American migrants detained after forcing immigration agents away at gunpoint. The seized Cubans and Central Americans were being taken to an immigration processing center in the nearby city of Tapachula when the attack occurred. Mexican immigration agents are normally unarmed on such assignments.
    (AP, 6/13/08)

2008        Jun 15, In Sonora, Mexico, one state police officer and two federal agents were killed in a running battle with dozens of gunmen that lasted several hours. One of the gunmen was wounded.
    (AP, 6/17/08)

2008        Jun 17, Mexico’s Pres. Felipe Calderon signed a constitutional amendment that threw open the doors to its judicial system, allowing US-style public trials and creating a presumption of innocence.
    (AP, 6/18/08)(WSJ, 6/18/08, p.A8)

2008        Jun 18, Food manufacturers promised Mexico's government that they would freeze prices on more than 150 food products to help families cope with rising costs.
    (AP, 6/19/08)

2008        Jun 20, Panicked youths rushed for the exits during a police raid on a Mexico City nightclub, leaving 12 people dead in the crush of bodies. The dead included 3 underage teens and 3 police officers. Prosecutors later charged the police commander who led a botched raid with 12 counts of homicide.
    (AP, 6/21/08)(SSFC, 6/22/08, p.A11)(AP, 6/25/08)

2008        Jun 21, Mexican soldiers captured at least 10 suspected members of a Tijuana-based drug cartel in a raid on a child's baptism party in Tijuana. A total of 61 people were arrested in the sweep, including the band hired to play the party and three city police officers.
    (AP, 6/23/08)

2008        Jun 25, In Mexico state police spokesman Cesar Ramirez said 20 people have been killed in less than three days in the border city of Ciudad Juarez. Guerrero state authorities agreed to pay 490,000 pesos (US$48,000) in compensation to 14 indigenous Mexican men coerced into having vasectomies. The men said that state health workers showed up in the southern village of El Camalote in 1998 and demanded that men with more than four children must have vasectomies.
    (AP, 6/25/08)(AP, 6/27/08)

2008        Jun 26, In Mexico gunmen killed Igor Labastida, a top federal police official, and his bodyguard as they ate lunch in Mexico City.
    (AP, 6/27/08)

2008        Jun 27, In Piedras Negras, Mexico, Chad Foster, the mayor of Eagle Pass, Texas, attended a tree planting ceremony for the first of 400,000 trees which will form a "green wall" in protest of the fence the US is building along the border with Mexico.
    (AP, 6/28/08)

2008        Jul 1, In Mexico videos showing Leon police practicing torture techniques on a fellow officer and dragging another through vomit at the instruction of a US adviser created an uproar, which has struggled to eliminate torture in law enforcement.
    (AP, 7/2/08)

2008        Jul 2, In Mexico 4 decapitated bodies were found on a street in Culiacan, blocks away from their severed heads. Four gunmen were killed hours later, after opening fire on federal police patrolling Culiacan, a center for the powerful Sinaloa drug cartel. Under attack, police shot back at the home where the gunmen were holed up, killing the four assailants and capturing two others.
    (AP, 7/3/08)

2008        Jul 6, In northern Mexico a plane carrying a load of auto parts crashed s it was trying to land, killing the pilot and severely injuring the co-pilot.
    (AP, 7/6/08)

2008        Jul 7, Mexican police found six charred bodies on a Tijuana street following a bloody weekend that left 14 people dead.
    (AP, 7/7/08)

2008        Jul 8, The Mexican government said UNESCO has added a Monarch butterfly reserve in southern Mexico to its list of World Heritage sites.
    (AP, 7/8/08)

2008        Jul 10, In northern Mexico, 6 bullet-ridden bodies were found inside the auto body shop in Culiacan, the capital of Sinaloa state, and three more bodies were found on the street just outside the business. A police investigator was found shot to death in his truck near Culiacan's police headquarters.
    (AP, 7/10/08)

2008        Jul 13, In Mexico gunmen opened fire on four cars on a busy street in Guamuchil, killing eight people. Among the victims were a girl (11), two 17-year-old boys and two women aged 18 and 19. On July 16 Mexico's government offered a reward of nearly US$100,000 for information leading to the capture of the gunmen.
    (AP, 7/14/08)(AP, 7/17/08)

2008        Jul 14, In Mexico commander Gerardo Valdes, the head of kidnapping and organized crime investigations in the border state of Coahuila, was seized by at least six men when he was driving in Saltillo. An unidentified man called police and said that Valdes had been grabbed by the Juarez Cartel.
    (AP, 7/17/08)

2008        Jul 16, Mexico's navy seized a homemade submarine carrying a drug shipment off the Pacific coast and arrested its four-man crew.
    (AP, 7/17/08)

2008        Jul 18, Mexico's president replaced a 1791 time capsule discovered atop Mexico City's cathedral with a new one containing messages from golf star Lorena Ochoa, novelist Carlos Fuentes and a boy genius.
    (AP, 7/19/08)

2008        Jul 21, The US FDA issued an advisory for consumers to avoid eating uncooked jalapeno peppers after it found a jalapeno grown in Mexico in a Texas border town warehouse that tested positive with the same strain of salmonella that was earlier associated with tomatoes.
    (SFC, 7/22/08, p.A10)

2008        Jul 22, In Mexico a measure took effect eliminating jail times for illegal immigrants caught in Mexico.
    (AP, 7/22/08)
2008        Jul 22, Dolly was upgraded to hurricane status as it headed toward the US-Mexican border.
    (WSJ, 7/23/08, p.A1)

2008        Jul 23, Hurricane Dolly toppled trees and sent billboards flying in the Mexican city of Matamoros, and authorities south of the US border warned of possible flooding. Dolly also hit south Texas, but by evening it had weakened to a tropical storm.
    (AP, 7/24/08)(SFC, 7/24/08, p.A3)

2008        Jul 24, In Mexico state prison chief Salvador Barreno was shot and killed as he drove in Ciudad Juarez, across from El Paso, Texas. His bodyguard was also killed. 3 other men died in a separate shooting minutes later.
    (AP, 7/25/08)

2008        Jul 27, Mexico City residents voted against the president's proposal to give private companies a bigger role in the country's state-run oil industry in a nonbinding referendum.
    (AP, 7/28/08)

2008        Jul 29, In Mexico a family of six was found dead in their home in western Jalisco state, allegedly targeted by kidnappers aided by corrupt cops. Four victims, including two children, were shot in the head. A teenage boy's throat was slashed. His mother was asphyxiated with a plastic bag.
    (AP, 8/21/08)

2008        Jul 30, Mexican police captured Ever Villafane Martinez, a Colombian cartel operative who represented Colombia's Norte del Valle drug cartel in dealings with Mexico's Beltran Leyva gang. He had escaped from a Colombian prison in 2001 and was wanted on drug charges in the US.
    (AP, 8/1/08)
2008        Jul 30, US federal health officials said the salmonella strain linked to a nationwide outbreak has been found in irrigation water and in a sample from a batch of serrano peppers at a Mexican farm in Nuevo Leon. Mexico's Agriculture Department rejected the FDA's conclusion saying "The farm unit in question ended its harvest more than a month ago, so the sample they say they have lacks scientific validity" because the sample "was taken recently from a tank holding rain water that was not used in production."
    (AP, 7/31/08)

2008        Aug 1, The body of Fernando Marti, the 14-year-old son of a prominent businessman, was found in the trunk of a car in Mexico City. He had been kidnapped in June. The kidnap and murder prompted a wave of anti-crime protests across the nation. In September police detained five suspects including Sergio Ortiz, a former agent of a now-disbanded city detective force, who led the "Flower Gang" responsible for kidnapping Marti in June. In July, 2009, Jose Montiel (34) and Noe Robles (31) were arrested for the kidnapping. They were believed to be members of a Mexico City gang responsible for at least 23 abductions.
    (AP, 9/8/08)(AP, 7/18/09)

2008        Aug 4, A shootout between Mexican police and smugglers driving a truck carrying illegal immigrants left 2 people dead near Agua Dulce.
    (AP, 8/4/08)

2008        Aug 5, Texas executed Jose Medellin (33) for the 1993 rape and killing of two teenage girls in Houston. Mexico protested the execution, which took place despite a world court ruling for a new hearing, and expressed concern for the rights of other Mexicans detained in the US. On Jan 19, 2009, the International Court of Justice at The Hague ruled that the US defied its order when authorities in Texas last year executed a Mexican convicted of rape and murder.
    (AP, 8/6/08)(AP, 1/19/09)

2008        Aug 11, In Acapulco, Mexico, gunmen traveling in a sport utility vehicle fired at a hardware store killing a girl (14) and a man (35).
    (AP, 8/12/08)(www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,402108,00.html)

2008        Aug 13, In Mexico a spokesman for the Attorney General's Office said 6 federal agents have been arrested on suspicion of passing information to a group of powerful drug lords.
    (AP, 8/14/08)

2008        Aug 16, In Mexico gunmen killed 13 people at a family party in the border state of Chihuahua.
    (AP, 8/17/08)

2008        Aug 18, Mexican soldiers rescued 25 Central Americans kidnapped in the Gulf coast state of Veracruz. One man was arrested in the raid in Tierra Blanca.
    (AP, 8/19/08)
2008        Aug 18, Mexico’s Cemex SAB rejected Venezuela’s $500 bid for the companies assets in Venezuela. At midnight oil workers and Venezuelan soldiers occupied Cemex facilities around the country.
    (WSJ, 8/19/08, p.A10)

2008        Aug 21, In Mexico Pres. Calderon, congressional leaders, all state governors and a bevy of others signed a “National Agreement for Security.”
    (Econ, 9/6/08, p.44)

2008        Aug 22, Mexican police captured a man believed to be Ruben Rios Estrada, a key gunman for the Arellano-Felix cocaine cartel, at the Caliente racetrack casino in Tijuana after a chase through the city streets. Another suspected gang member also was arrested. The bullet-riddled body of Jesus Blanco Cano (40) was found at a ranch near Villa Ahumada in Chihuahua state. He had just been on the job for one day as police chief of Villa Ahumada.
    (AP, 8/23/08)(SFC, 8/23/08, p.A3)

2008        Aug 26, In Mexico 3 decapitated bodies were found in an empty lot on the eastern outskirts of Tijuana. The bodies had messages written on their backs in permanent marker saying they worked for "the weakened 'engineer,'" a nickname for Francisco Sanchez Arellano, a top lieutenant in Tijuana's powerful Arellano Felix drug cartel. A day earlier 2 bodies were found in Tijuana, one with the head placed on the upper back.
    (AP, 8/27/08)(SFC, 8/27/08, p.A11)

2008        Aug 27, In Mexico a 38-year-old man from Oregon was arrested in San Jose del Cabo following a fight at an apartment complex. He died in jail hours later. On Aug 31 six Mexican officers  placed under house arrest on suspicion of homicide.
    (AP, 9/2/08)

2008        Aug 28, Mexico's Supreme Court upheld the capital's abortion law, setting a precedent for the rest of the country that could inspire other Latin American cities. Twelve decapitated bodies bearing signs of torture were found in eastern Mexico and authorities were still looking for the heads. 11 of the bodies were found in a suburb of Merida, a 12th in Buctzotz, 70 km to the northeast.
    (AFP, 8/29/08)

2008        Aug 30, Hundreds of thousands of frustrated Mexicans, many carrying pictures of kidnapped loved ones, marched across the country to demand government action against a relentless tide of killings, abductions and shootouts. Hours before the protests, the severed heads of two women were found near the attorney general's offices in the city of Durango.
    (AP, 8/31/08)(AP, 9/1/08)
2008        Aug 30, Gilberto Rincon Gallardo (69), a former socialist presidential candidate who gained respect in Mexico for defending the rights of the disabled, gays and other marginalized groups, died in Mexico City.
    (AP, 8/31/08)

2008        Aug 31, Mexico’s President Felipe Calderon promised to adopt several proposals from civic groups who led more than 100,000 Mexicans in marches against daily kidnappings and killings.
    (AP, 9/1/08)

2008        Sep 5, In Mexico two 18th century paintings, "The Adoration of the Three Kings" and "The Birth of the Virgin," were stolen from the Santa Matilde church in Pachuca, the capital of central Hidalgo state. In February, 2010, they were found in an art gallery in Tlaquepaque, a town near the city of Guadalajara, where they were on sale for $35,000.
    (AP, 2/26/10)

2008        Sep 10, A regulatory filing revealed that Carlos Slim, Mexican businessman, and his family had purchased a 6.4% stake in the New York Times.
    (Econ, 9/20/08, p.78)

2008        Sep 12, Mexican police found the bodies of 24 men with their hands bound and shot to death execution-style outside the capital. On Nov 27 prosecutors charged a municipal police commander and an alleged drug cartel member with homicide in the September massacre.
    (AP, 9/13/08)(AP, 11/28/08)

2008        Sep 14, Mexico's military seized US$26.2 million in cash believed to belong to members of the Sinaloa drug cartel. This was the 2nd biggest seizure since March 2007, when police seized US$207 million linked to a trafficking ring for pseudoephedrine.
    (AP, 9/18/08)

2008        Sep 15, Mexican police and soldiers quelled a riot at a Tijuana prison that left 4 inmates dead and at least 31 prisoners and officials injured.
    (AP, 9/16/08)(AP, 9/19/08)
2008        Sep 15, In Oaxaca, Mexico, Omar Yoguez Singu (32) allegedly had consensual sex with Marcella Grace Eiler (20) of Eugene, Oregon. He then killed her with a machete after an argument. Her badly decomposed body was found Sep 24 in a shack 80 miles south of Oaxaca City. Friends of Singu beat him up after he confessed to the crime and on Sep 24 turned him over to police.
    (AP, 9/28/08)

2008        Sep 16, In Mexico explosions at an Independence Day celebration killed 7 people and injured 101 in the city of Morelia. Michoacan Gov. Leonel Godoy said organized crime was responsible.
    (AP, 9/16/08)

2008        Sep 17, A second riot in three days at an infamous Tijuana prison left close to 2 dozen people dead and 12 injured. 2 American inmates were among the dead. Inmates at La Mesa prison rioted again because they have not been given food or water since Sep 14, when a separate riot led to the deaths of at least three inmates.
    (AP, 9/18/08)(AP, 9/19/08)

2008        Sep 20, It was reported that Mexican officers and prison guards in Michoacan state can now get special deals on houses and financing through a pilot program designed to keep them out of the pockets of organized crime.
    (AP, 9/20/08)

2008        Sep 23, Mexico said it plans to search 10 percent of all vehicles entering the country from the United States in an effort to curb arms smuggling.
    (AP, 9/24/08)

2008        Sep 25, Mexican federal prosecutors in Apatzingan, a drug stronghold in the western state of Michoacan, arrested three drug gang members accused of throwing grenades into crowds of Independence Day revelers. They belonged to a group of infamous Gulf Cartel hit men known as the Zetas.
    (AP, 9/27/08)
2008        Sep 25, In southeastern Mexico storms flooded hundreds of people out of their homes and caused the death of a woman and 4 children whose car plunged into a swollen irrigation ditch in Nanchital, Veracruz state.
    (AP, 9/26/08)

2008        Sep 29, In Mexico the bodies of 11 men and one woman, some with their tongues cut out, were found dumped in an empty lot next to a Tijuana elementary school, an hour before children were scheduled to arrive. A message nearby, written on a white piece of cardboard, read: "This is going to happen to all of those who are with 'The Engineer' for being blabbermouths." Minutes later four other bodies were found in another empty lot in Tijuana. Two other bodies were discovered the day before in a lot next to a factory.
    (AP, 9/30/08)

2008        Sep 30, In Mexico 20 heavily armed men in Sinaloa state stole five small planes that the army had seized in anti-drug operations. Officials on Oct 3 said the planes were found on a ranch in the Pacific coast state of Sinaloa, a hotbed of drug trafficking.
    (AP, 10/1/08)(AP, 10/4/08)
2008        Sep 30, In Mexico Ramiro Guillen Tapia (65), leader of a farmers' group seeking government mediation in a dispute over 620 acres (250 hectares) of land in the Gulf coast state of Veracruz, set himself on fire. Tapia died the next day with third-degree burns over 70 percent of his body.
    (AP, 10/1/08)

2008        Oct 3, Mexican police clashed with hundreds of villagers who seized the entrance to a Mayan archaeological site and six protesters were killed. Hundreds of villagers had occupied the entrance to the Chinkultic ruins for nearly a month, saying they were protesting excessive entrance fees and a lack of investment in the area. 2 men were found shot to death in Tijuana in the same empty lot near the elementary school where the 12 bodies were found on sep 29.
    (AP, 10/4/08)

2008        Oct 4, In Mexico gunmen killed Salvador Vegara, the mayor of Ixtapan de la Sal, a resort town southwest of Mexico City. Vegara was in a car with two other people when the gunmen opened fire from another vehicle. The bodies of 5 men were found asphyxiated in a car in the eastern part of Tijuana. The men were beaten and had their hands bound. The bodies of two beheaded men were found wrapped in blankets on a road elsewhere in the city. The heads were in black plastic bags nearby.
    (AP, 10/4/08)

2008        Oct 5, In southern Mexico 5 state police officers were arrested in connection with a deadly raid to dislodge protesters from a Mayan archaeological site. Mexican authorities seized 7 million pills of pseudoephedrine, the main ingredient used to make methamphetamine, at the Guadalajara airport. More than 1,100 pounds (500 kilograms) of the pills were found packed in 24 boxes on a shipment from Calcutta, India. Three separate shipments of more than a ton each were confiscated last month at Mexico City's airport. Those also originated in Calcutta.
    (AP, 10/6/08)

2008        Oct 7, Mexico extradited former Guatemalan President Alfonso Portillo (2000-2004) to face corruption charges, and the ex-leader told a judge there is no evidence to support the allegations against him.
    (AP, 10/7/08)
2008        Oct 7, In Ciudad Juarez, Mexico, across the border from El Paso, Texas, gunmen killed police commander Rodolfo Barragan (38) in a hail of bullets at a hotel parking lot.
    (AP, 10/9/08)
2008        Oct 7, Tropical Storm Marco roared ashore on Mexico's Gulf coast with near-hurricane force winds, prompting a shutdown of some oil platforms and forcing the evacuation of some 3,000 people.
    (AP, 10/7/08)

2008        Oct 8, President Felipe Calderon unveiled plans for 53 billion pesos ($4.4 billion) in emergency spending on roads, schools, hospitals and an oil refinery next year to help Mexico combat the world financial crisis. Mexican authorities said that 16 people were killed over the last 24 hours in Baha California across the US border from California. State officials blamed warring cells of the Arellano-Felix drug cartel for the killings and other homicides plaguing the area in recent weeks. 5 state police officers were killed in the western state of Jalisco by grenade-lobbing gunmen who fired more than 800 bullets in the attack.
    (AP, 10/9/08)

2008        Oct 9, In northern Mexico gunmen opened fire in a bar in Chihuahua, killing 11 people. The body of Miguel Angel Villagomez, editor of La Noticia newspaper in the western state of Michoacan, was found shot dead on the side of a highway in neighboring Guerrero state.
    (AP, 10/11/08)

2008        Oct 10, Mexico's central bank auctioned foreign reserves in 3 auctions in an increasingly aggressive bid to push the peso stronger. In all, the bank sold off $6.4 billion.
    (AP, 10/11/08)
2008        Oct 10, In Mexico authorities in Tijuana reported that a total of 91 people had been killed in a wave of gangland homicides since Sept. 26.
    (AP, 10/11/08)

2008        Oct 11, In Mexico gunmen killed six young men at a family party in the gang-plagued border city of Ciudad Juarez. In Tijuana federal police arrested seven reputed members of a cell of the Arellano Felix drug cartel, including a city police officer.
    (AP, 10/12/08)
2008        Oct 11, Hurricane Norbert hit Mexico as a Category 1 storm and left 4 people dead in the Baha peninsula and Sonora state.
    (SFC, 10/18/08, p.B6)

2008        Oct 12, An angry crowd in central Mexico attacked police and helped nearly three dozen illegal Central American immigrants escape from custody after hearing that officers had allegedly sold the migrants to human smugglers in the farming town of Rafael Lara Grajales, Puebla state. Federal police managed to round up 21 migrants.
    (AP, 10/14/08)(SSFC, 10/26/08, p.A23)

2008        Oct 16, In Mexico six people were lined up and gunned down outside a business in the border city of Ciudad Juarez.
    (AP, 10/17/08)

2008        Oct 17, In Mexico 334 police officers were ousted in ciudad Juarez after they failed psychological, background and other checks as part of a clean-up campaign meant to root out officers who are corrupt or cooperating with drug traffickers. The border city sent police recruiters across the country as it tries to replace nearly half a police force gutted by firings and retirements.
    (AP, 10/18/08)
2008        Oct 17, The UN added Japan, Austria, Turkey, Mexico and Uganda as members to the 10 non-permanent seats of the Security Council, replacing Belgium, Indonesia, Italy, Panama and South Africa.
    (AP, 10/17/08)

2008        Oct 18, Mexican federal authorities raided a “narco-mansion” in Mexico City and arrested 15 alleged traffickers during the middle of a party. A mini menagerie was also found at the site that included 2 African lions, 2 white tigers and 2 black panthers.
    (www.guardian.co.uk/world/2008/oct/21/mexico-wildlife)

2008        Oct 20, Mexico agreed to deport Cubans who sneak illegally through Mexican territory to reach the US, a step toward cutting off an increasingly violent and heavily used human trafficking route. 21 prisoners died in a fight between inmates at a prison across the border from McAllen, Texas. Police said two soldiers and a security guard were found stabbed to death at a housing construction site in the village of Las Margaritas, northern Mexico. The body of a federal policeman was found riddled with gunshot wounds in Tijuana.
    (AP, 10/20/08)

2008        Oct 21, Police in northern Mexico reported receiving an ice chest packed with four human heads. The chest arrived at the Ascencion police station in Chihuahua state was marked "vaccines," but wasn't claimed for a week. Jesus Zambada was among 16 members of the Sinaloa drug cartel arrested after a shootout in Mexico City. Zambada is the brother of Ismael Zambada, who allegedly heads the Sinaloa cartel along with one of Mexico's most wanted men, Joaquin Guzman.
    (AP, 10/22/08)

2008        Oct 22, In Ciudad Juarez, across the border from El Paso, Texas, four men were shot inside a go-cart rental at the Xtreme amusement park. Elsewhere in the city, a used car salesman was shot to death while driving down a main boulevard hours after leading hundreds of other business owners in a protest against kidnappings and extortion. In Tijuana a 1-year-old boy was killed when the car he was riding in crashed as the driver tried to flee a gunbattle. In northern Mexico 10 gunmen were killed in running battles with state police in the city of Nogales. Outside the northeastern city of Monterrey, a soldier, the director of a security firm and third man were found stabbed to death alongside a highway.
    (AP, 10/23/08)

2008        Oct 23, In Mexico 2 people were found dead in Tijuana, across the border from San Diego, California, including a badly burned corpse left in a trash bin.
    (AP, 10/23/08)

2008        Oct 24, In central Mexico 2 human heads were found with threatening messages. 2 adults were killed when assailants riddled their pickup truck with bullets on a Tijuana street. A 1-year-old girl riding with them was hit by multiple rounds from an assault rifle and was hospitalized in critical condition. Police also found nine people shot to death in Playas de Rosarito, just south of Tijuana.
    (AP, 10/24/08)

2008        Oct 25, In Mexico soldiers and federal police arrested Eduardo Arellano Felix (52), a reputed leader of the Tijuana-based Arellano Felix cartel, after a shootout in the border city across from San Diego.
    (AP, 10/26/08)

2008        Oct 26, In Mexico City kidnappers grabbed Javier Morena (5), the son of poor fruit sellers, with the intent to ask for a $23,000 ransom. The boy was killed with an injection of acid and buried outside the city. 5 suspects in the kidnapping were later arrested and confessed to the killing.
    (SFC, 11/4/08, p.11)

2008        Oct 27, Mexican prosecutors said a major drug cartel has infiltrated the Mexican attorney general's office and may have paid a spy inside the US Embassy for details of DEA operations. 5 officials of the attorney general’s organized crime unit were arrested on allegations they served as informants for the Beltran-Leyva Cartel.
    (AP, 10/27/08)(SFC, 10/28/08, p.A11)
2008        Oct 27, A US officials announced that Francisco Celaya Carrilo, a Mexican immigration officer, had been caught in Arizona with 170 pounds of marijuana.
    (SFC, 10/28/08, p.A11)

2008        Oct 28, Mexico's Congress passed a watered-down energy industry reform that enables private contractors to participate in the state-owned oil business but won't likely draw enough investment to reverse declining production.
    (AP, 10/29/08)

2008        Oct 31, In Mexico police arrested Antonio Galarza, the reputed leader of the violent Gulf drug cartel for the border city of Reynosa, in the northern city of Monterrey on suspicion of weapons violations and organized crime.
    (AP, 11/2/08)

2008        Nov 1, The top officer of Mexico's federal police force quit amid allegations that drug gangs have infiltrated senior levels of crime-fighting agencies. Acting federal police Commissioner Gerardo Garay said he was stepping aside "to place myself at the orders of legal judicial authorities to clear up any accusation against me."
    (AP, 11/1/08)

2008        Nov 2, Mexican prosecutors said 11 policemen have been shot to death near Mexico City in a three-day string of drug-gang attacks. In Tijuana, across the border from San Diego, California, police found two decapitated bodies wrapped in blankets in a vacant lot.
    (AP, 11/2/08)

2008        Nov 4, One of Mexico's top pointmen in the war against drug trafficking died when a government jet crashed into a Mexico City street, setting fire to dozens of vehicles. The loss of Interior Secretary Juan Camilo Mourino, former anti-drug prosecutor Jose Luis Santiago Vasconcelos and six others thinned the ranks of Mexico's already embattled leadership. 9 people on the plane were killed as well as 5 people on the ground. A 15th victim died 2 weeks later. A 16th victim died in On Dec 11. Three alleged hitmen suspected in the killing of a top border-state police official died in a gunbattle with police in Nogales. They were suspected of having helped kill Sonora state police chief Juan Manuel Pavon on Nov 2. One Sonora state police officer died in the shootout. A suspect in Pavon's killing was taken into custody.
    (AP, 11/5/08)(AP, 11/6/08)(AP, 11/18/08)(AP, 12/11/08)

2008        Nov 6, Mexican authorities detained Rodolfo de la Guardia Garcia, the No. 2 official in the Federal Agency of Investigation from 2003-2005, suspected of aiding drug traffickers, and Jaime Gonzalez Duran, alleged founder of a vicious gang of drug-cartel hit men. A cache of 540 rifles, 165 grenades, 500,000 rounds of ammunition and 14 sticks of TNT were seized at a house in the city of Reynosa, across the border from McAllen, Texas. This was the largest seizure of drug-cartel weapons in Mexico's history. In the northeast, police mistakenly opened fire on a family of six, seriously wounding a teenage girl. In the west, inmates rioted, killing six. And police in Tijuana found three more bodies accompanied by messages that appeared to be from drug traffickers.
    (AP, 11/8/08)

2008        Nov 10, Mexico’s President Felipe Calderon chose Fernando Gomez-Mont as the new Secretary of the Interior. 7 people were found dead in a string of gruesome attacks in the border city of Juarez. Police there chased a truck that opened fire on a state vehicle, causing a car crash that killed a bystander and injured four others. In northwestern Mexico 27 farmworkers who were kidnapped by dozens of heavily armed men wearing military-style uniforms. Local news media reported that a drug gang may have kidnapped the men to make them work growing marijuana.
    (AP, 11/11/08)

2008        Nov 11, In Mexico 21 police were arrested in the northern border city of Tijuana on suspicion of working with criminal gangs. The body of a 28-year-old man was dumped in an empty lot in the beach resort of Rosarito, outside Tijuana.
    (AP, 11/11/08)

2008        Nov 13, In Mexico Armando Rodriguez, a crime reporter in the border city of Juarez, was killed, adding to dozens of journalist deaths in a country where newspapers are so fearful, many refuse to cover drug violence. With his death, 24 journalists have been killed in Mexico since 2000, at least seven of them in direct reprisal for their reports on crime, and seven others have disappeared since 2005.
    (AP, 11/13/08)
2008        Nov 13, Mexico City Health Secretary Armando Ahued said that the government will start handing out doses of one or two Viagra, Levitra or Cialis pills on Dec. 1.
    (AP, 11/13/08)

2008        Nov 14, In Mexico 2 bullet-ridden bodies were found at the foot of a monument in Ciudad Juarez, across from El Paso, Texas, one of them partially stuffed into a large pot. Four scuba divers died while performing maintenance in an aqueduct that supplies Mexico City.
    (AP, 11/14/08)(AP, 11/16/08)

2008        Nov 15, In Mexico more than 1,500 demonstrators marched through the violence-plagued border city of Tijuana to protest the current of killings and kidnappings. Two people were shot to death at a Tijuana taco restaurant. 4 men and a woman were shot to death at a pool hall. A girl (14) and two men were shot down in a Tijuana street just before midnight.
    (AP, 11/15/08)(AP, 11/16/08)

2008        Nov 17, A Mexican newspaper's offices were damaged by two grenades in the violence-plagued city of Culiacan in northwestern Mexico.
    (AP, 11/18/08)

2008        Nov 21, In Mexico Attorney General Eduardo Medina Mora told reporters that Noe Ramirez, Mexico’s former drug czar, accepted $450,000 from drug traffickers, and that cartel leaders offered to pay him monthly for alerting them to planned police operations. In 2013 the case against Ramirez was dropped due to lack of evidence. In Tijuana 3 gunmen burst into the Bar Utopia, a bar popular with university students and opened fire. 2 men and a woman died instantly and 3 others died the next day.
    (AP, 11/21/08)(AP, 11/22/08)(AP, 4/24/13)

2008        Nov 25, In Mexico 7 bodies were dumped before dawn at a school soccer field in the border city of Juarez.
    (AP, 11/26/08)

2008        Nov 27, A sport utility vehicle carrying 8 people from Texas plunged off an unfinished bridge into a river in northern Mexico, causing the death of three adults and four children.
    (AP, 11/28/08)

2008        Nov 28, In Mexico at least 12 masked gunmen opened fire inside a restaurant in the northern border city of Ciudad Juarez, killing eight.
    (AP, 11/29/08)

2008        Nov 30, Mexico’s President Felipe Calderon pledged to clean up corruption within his administration and vowed that his government would never negotiate with drug lords. The bodies of 9 decapitated men were found in a vacant lot in Tijuana, part of a wave of violence that claimed at least 23 lives over the weekend in this border city plagued by warring traffickers.
    (AP, 11/30/08)
2008        Nov 30, In Guatemala Mexican and Guatemalan drug traffickers, arguing about a horse race in the rural border town of Santa Ana Huista, began a series of gunbattles in which 17 people died.
    (AP, 12/1/08)

2008        Dec 1, In Mexico Tijuana's anti-corruption police chief was fired and replaced with an army officer, following three days of violence that left 37 people dead in this border city plagued by warring drug gangs. In southern Mexico Fabian Ramirez shot his 50-year-old mother in the back Monday, wounding her. He then allegedly killed three police officers who arrived at the scene, including Iguala's police chief. Police captured Ramirez, but four armed men broke into the jail and took him away by force. The next day Ramirez was found beheaded.
    (AP, 12/1/08)(AP, 12/2/08)

2008        Dec 3, The US government released the first part of a $400 million aid package to support Mexico's police and soldiers in their fight against drug cartels. Jesus Martin Huerta, the No. 2 federal prosecutor in the border city of Ciudad Juarez, was shot dead.
    (AP, 12/4/08)

2008        Dec 5, Gerardo Garay, Mexico's former acting federal police chief, was accused of collaborating with a notorious cartel and stealing money from a mansion during a raid to bust a drug trafficking ring. Victor Serrano (24), a hit team chief, was wounded and 3 alleged gang members died in a shootout in Mexicali. 14 others were arrested.
    (AP, 12/5/08)(AP, 12/8/08)

2008        Dec 6, Mexican soldiers found at least eight bodies buried in a shallow grave in Michoacan state.
    (AP, 12/8/08)

2008        Dec 7, In Mexico 10 suspected drug traffickers and a soldier were killed in gunbattles in southern Guerrero state. 6 people were killed when assailants opened fire inside a pool hall in Ciudad Juarez, across the border from El Paso, Texas.
    (AP, 12/8/08)
2008        Dec 7, A Mexican government Learjet plunged into Atlangatepec lake in central Mexico, killing two pilots in the second deadly crash in a month involving a federally owned plane.
    (AP, 12/8/08)

2008        Dec 8, Victor Hugo Moneda, a senior Mexico City police commander, was slain in a drive-by shooting outside his home. He had overseen raids in the capital's gang-filled Tepito neighborhood.
    (AP, 12/10/08)

2008        Dec 9, Mexico's Congress voted to broaden police powers, allowing law enforcement agencies to use undercover agents and taped conversations as evidence in a bid to help them fight increasingly bloody drug cartels. In the Gulf coast state of Tabasco, soldiers detained 11 police officers from four towns for questioning on suspicion of aiding the Gulf drug cartel. In the northern city of Tijuana four bodies were found.
    (AP, 12/9/08)

2008        Dec 10, In Mexico a shootout between rival gangs killed 10 people in Sinaloa state, home of the powerful cartel of the same name. US security consultant Felix Batista was kidnapped in Saltillo, Coahuila state, while there to offer advice on how to confront abductions for ransom. He claimed to have helped resolve nearly 100 kidnap and ransom cases.
    (AP, 12/11/08)(AP, 12/15/08)

2008        Dec 11, Esther Chavez, a women's rights activist, was named the winner of Mexico's National Human Rights Award. She first drew attention to the slayings of young women in the northern border city of Ciudad Juarez in the early 1990s.
    (AP, 12/12/08)
2008        Dec 11, Mexican soldiers shot to death Silvia Arzate (35), a pregnant woman, after she reportedly failed to stop at a highway checkpoint in the northern state of Chihuahua.
    (AP, 12/12/08)

2008        Dec 14, In Mexico gunmen staged four attacks on police within a half-hour period, killing four officers in Ciudad Juarez, the border city  overrun by drug violence.
    (AP, 12/15/08)

2008        Dec 19, In Mexico 3 gunmen were killed following a shootout with army troops in the southern state of Guerrero.
    (AP, 12/20/08)
2008        Dec 19, In northern Mexico a small plane carrying government officials and television reporters crashed in northern Mexico and all five people on board are in serious condition. The plane was carrying state water commission chief Rafael Reyes, his assistant and two TV Azteca reporters. They were hospitalized along with the pilot.
    (AP, 12/20/08)

2008        Dec 21, Mexican Authorities found the decapitated bodies of 12 men in the southern state of Guerrero, and some of the victims have been identified as soldiers.
    (AP, 12/21/08)

2008        Dec 22, Laura Zuniga (23), a reigning Mexican beauty queen from the drug-plagued state of Sinaloa, was arrested with suspected gang members in a truck filled guns and ammunition. Soldiers found a large stash of weapons, including two AR-15 assault rifles, .38 specials, 9mm handguns, nine magazines, 633 cartridges and $53,300 in US currency.
    (AP, 12/24/08)

2008        Dec 23, Mexican authorities in southern Chiapas state said 8 bodies were found stuffed in plastic garbage bags and dumped on a rural road near the Guatemalan border in an area plagued by drug violence.
    (AP, 12/24/08)

2008        Dec 24, Mexican soldiers arrested the deputy police chief in the resort town of Zihuatanejo and six other officers who were allegedly protecting drug cartel members at a cock fight. Soldiers also seized 59 packets of cocaine, 40 bags of marijuana and 20 assault rifles.
    (AP, 12/25/08)
2008        Dec 24, Mexico began blocking imports of meat from at least 30 US meat processing plants due to a new US law that required food retailers to label or display the country of origin for meat, produce and certain kinds of nuts. The law, effective as of Sep 30, was part of the 2008 Farm Bill.
    (WSJ, 12/27/08, p.A7)

2008        Dec 25, In Mexico, at least four people were killed in a gun battle between suspected drug traffickers in a remote mountain area of Sinaloa.
    (AP, 12/27/08)

2008        Dec 26, In Mexico a gang of about 20 men armed with assault rifles robbed a train in the western state of Michoacan and carted off some of its freight. Dr. Laura Avila. Avila was found dead in the rural health clinic she was staffing in Jalisco state. Police soon arrested Ricardo Garcia Barajas (25), a farm worker, who allegedly hacked the doctor to death with a machete for refusing to treat his son.
    (AP, 12/27/08)(AP, 1/2/09)

2008        Dec 28, In Mexico 7 people were killed in a series of shootings in the border city of Tijuana over the last 2 days.
    (AP, 12/28/08)

2008        Dec 31, Mexico sent 10 alleged drug smugglers to the United States, capping an already record year for extraditions between the two countries. 2 Canadian tourists were hospitalized with gunshot wounds after assailants opened fire at a nightclub in the resort town of Cabo San Lucas.
    (AP, 1/1/09)

2008        Gabriel Zaid, Mexican writer, authored “The Secret of Fame: The Literary Encounter in an Age of Distraction.”
    (SFC, 5/14/08, p.E5)
2008        In Mexico drug related violence this year left 6,268 people dead. The killings were concentrated in just 3 states, and most of those in 3 cities: Ciudad Juarez in Chihuahua, Tijuana in Baja California, and Culiacan in Sinaloa.
    (Econ, 3/7/09, p.30, 31)       

2009        Jan 1, Mexico’s Pres. Calderon signed a law that set up a new national public security system. Federal police captured two alleged hit men after the suspects threw a hand grenade at police and soldiers who cornered them at a house. Eight officers were wounded in the confrontation. In the western town of La Huerta, a shootout between rival families at a New Year's party left four dead, and a clash between soldiers and alleged drug traffickers in Chihuahua state reportedly killed three smugglers.
    (Econ, 3/7/09, p.32)(AP, 1/2/09)

2009        Jan 1-2009 Jun 30, In Mexico there were some 3,247 drug related killing over this period, compared with 1,935 in the same period in 2008.
    (Econ, 7/11/09, p.38)

2009        Jan 2, Mexican Federal prosecutors said they placed three municipal policemen in the northern border city of Ciudad Juarez under house arrest on suspicion of aiding drug traffickers. In the northern city of Monterrey, prosecutors accused former Nuevo Leon state policeman Aldo Perales (34) of leading a gang of bank robbers and participating in more than 30 robberies.
    (AP, 1/3/09)

2009        Jan 6, In Mexico masked gunmen opened fire and tossed a grenade at a television station in Monterrey as it aired its nightly newscast, leaving behind a message warning the station about its coverage of drug gangs. Gunmen in Tijuana opened fire from several cars, killing a 22-year-old standing with his family outside his house. Two bodies were found wrapped in blankets and dumped on the street near a cemetery.
    (AP, 1/7/09)

2009        Jan 7, The United States said it has released another $99 million as part of an aid package to support Mexico's police and soldiers in their fight against drug cartels. The US released $197 million in December as part of the $1.3 billion US anti-drug package, known as the Merida Initiative.
    (AP, 1/7/09)
2009        Jan 7, In Mexico four decapitated bodies were found in the Otay Mesa neighborhood of Tijuana. The victims' heads were left inside a black bag at the scene.
    (AP, 1/7/09)

2009        Jan 16, Mexico’s central bank, the Bank of Mexico, cut its benchmark interest rate a half point to 7.75%.
    (Econ, 1/24/09, p.42)

2009        Jan 17, In Tijuana, Mexico, a prostitute (19) was smothered to death. 2 US sailors, petty officers Jarrett Monzingo and Joshua Dockery, were taken into custody and faced murder and attempted-murder charges while being held at La Mesa Prison.
    (AP, 2/12/09)

2009        Jan 19, President George W. Bush In his final acts of clemency granted early prison releases to Jose Alonso Compean and Ignacio Ramos, two former Texas-based US Border Patrol agents whose convictions for shooting a Mexican drug dealer in 2005 fueled the national debate over illegal immigration.
    (AP, 1/20/09)(SFC, 1/20/09, p.A3)

2009        Jan 20, Mexican prosecutors said three heads were found in an ice box south of Ciudad Juarez, which lies across from El Paso, Texas. The heads belonged to three unidentified men and were found in a rural town about 50 kilometers (30 miles) from Ciudad Juarez. A headless body was discovered in a canal a few miles (kilometers) away. Mexican federal police said they have found 3 suspected drug tunnels under construction in Nogales near the Arizona border.
    (AP, 1/20/09)

2009        Jan 22, Mexico inaugurated one of the world’s largest wind farms, a $550 million project built by Spain’s Acciona Energia.
    (SFC, 1/23/09, p.A4)
2009        Jan 22, In Mexico a man accused of helping a drug kingpin dispose of hundreds of victims by dissolving their bodies in caustic soda was arrested in the border city of Tijuana. Authorities said Santiago Meza Lopez confessed to disposing of at least 300 bodies over a decade. Army troops acting on a tip raided a chili-drying warehouse, belonging to the brother of Zacatecas state Sen. Ricardo Monreal, and found people loading marijuana onto trucks. More than 11.4 tons of the drug were seized at the plant, near the city of Fresnillo.
    (AP, 1/23/09)(AP, 1/29/09)

2009        Jan 25, In Mexico Chiapas state Attorney General Raciel Lopez said Mariano Herran has been charged with embezzling funds while working as Chiapas economy secretary last year. Herran was Mexico's drug czar from 1997 to 2000, replacing Gen. Jesus Gutierrez Rebollo, who was convicted of aiding a top drug lord.
    (AP, 1/26/09)

2009        Jan 27, In Mexico thieves, apparently targeting people who exchange money at Mexico City's international airport, shot a French citizen in the head. Authorities warned that gangs have put lookouts at exchange windows in the terminal. Mexico City prosecutors soon detained two suspects in the shooting. French scientist Christopher Augur died at a Mexico City hospital four days after his assault.
    (AP, 1/27/09)(AP, 1/30/09)(AP, 1/31/09)

2009        Jan 29, Mexican police detained an Ecuadorean man for carrying about $2.5 million in cash in a suitcase at Mexico City's international airport.
    (AP, 1/31/09)

2009        Feb 1, Mexico City shut down a main water pipeline under a new conservation program, cutting service to more than 2 million residents after some reservoirs dropped to their lowest levels in 16 years.
    (AP, 2/1/09)

2009        Feb 3, In Mexico the bodies of retired Mexican General Mauro Enrique Tello and two other men were found in a sport utility vehicle abandoned on a highway outside of Cancun. All had been shot many times. Octavio Almanza, the suspected head of the Zetas in Cancun, was later arrested on suspicion of masterminding Tello's killing.
    (AP, 2/3/09)(SSFC, 2/8/09, p.A4)(AP, 2/11/09)

2009        Feb 10, In Mexico a drug gang kidnapped and killed six people near a town in the US-Mexican border region, prompting a series of gunbattles with soldiers that left 15 others dead. The violence started when gunmen kidnapped nine alleged members of a rival drug gang in Villa Ahumada and executed six of them along the PanAmerican Highway outside of the town.
    (AP, 2/11/09)

2009        Feb 12, Mexican federal police arrested 10 alleged members of a hit squad working for the Beltran Leyva drug cartel, who had come to Mexico City to start a turf war with a rival cartel.
    (WSJ, 2/13/09, p.A10)

2009        Feb 13, In Mexico photographer Jean Paul Ibarra (33) and reporter Yenny Marchan were on their way to the morgue in the southern city of Iguala when gunmen on another motorcycle came alongside and opened fire. Marchan received two bullet wounds but survived; Ibarra was killed.
    (AP, 2/17/09)

2009        Feb 14, Mexico City set a new record as nearly 40,000 people locked lips in the city center for the world's largest group kiss. Gunmen killed a state police officer  Carlos Reyes and 10 members of his family, including five children in the town of Monte Largo, Tabasco state. The shooting also killed a street vendor in front of the house of the officer. In Jalisco state gunmen burst into a restaurant, killing seven people and wounding five, including 3 children.
    (AP, 2/14/09)(AP, 2/15/09)(AP, 2/17/09)

2009        Feb 17, In Mexico hundreds of people blocked bridges to the US in three border cities, demanding the army leave in another challenge for the Mexican government as it struggles to quell escalating drug violence. 3 police officers, including the operations director of the Ciudad Juarez city police, were shot to death by unidentified assailants on a street near the US consulate. Federal police fighting gunmen in the northern border city of Reynosa had to call the army for help. After the fighting, which left five gunmen dead and seven police injured, authorities seized several assault rifles and even a 60 mm mortar. Cardboard signs with handwritten messages appeared taped to the doors and windows of businesses in ciudad Juarez, warning that one officer would be killed every two days police chief Roberto Orduna did not quit.
    (AP, 2/18/09)(AP, 2/18/09)

2009        Feb 18, Fifty-one Democrats and 2 Republicans, sent a letter to President Barack Obama urging him to enforce a ban on importing assault weapons, saying many such guns are later smuggled south to arm Mexico's ruthless drug cartels. The ban was implemented under the administrations of Pres. George H.W. Bush and Pres. Bill Clinton, and the US government can enforce it under provisions of the 1968 Gun Control Act. But the US Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) has quietly abandoned the ban in recent years.
    (AP, 2/18/09)(AP, 2/24/09)

2009        Feb 20, In Mexico criminal gangs in Ciudad Juarez followed up on threats and killed police officer Cesar Ivan Portillo and city jail guard Juan Pablo Ruiz as they left their homes before dawn to head to work. Public Safety Secretary Roberto Orduna, the police chief  of Ciudad Juarez, stepped down hours later.
    (AP, 2/20/09)

2009        Feb 21, In Mexico assailants in an SUV hurled two grenades at a police station in the Pacific resort town of Zihuatanejo, wounding one officer and four civilians. Teenagers stoned a 22-year-old man to death in Tuxtla Gutierrez because they believed he had stolen a cell phone and a bicycle from one of their friends.
    (AP, 2/21/09)

2009        Feb 22, In Mexico gunmen in Chihuahua city shot at a convoy carrying the governor of Chihuahua, a violence-wracked border state, killing one of his bodyguards and wounding two other agents. Police arrested two suspects March 31 in the northern city of Chihuahua, who then led them to 2 more suspects.
    (AP, 2/24/09)(AP, 4/5/09)

2009        Feb 24, In Michoacan state, Mexico, Vista Hermosa Mayor Octavio Carrillo was arriving at his home when four gunmen waiting for him opened fire. He became the 6th elected local official killed in Michoacan since June.
    (AP, 2/24/09)

2009        Feb 25, Mexico’s government said it will deploy extra troops and federal police to Ciudad Juarez across the border from Texas, where the police chief recently bowed to crime gang demands that he resign.
    (AP, 2/26/09)
2009        Feb 25, Attorney General Eric Holder said US and Mexican authorities have arrested 750 people over 21 months in an anti-drug sweep that included 52 members of Mexico's Sinaloa drug cartel. The crackdown culminated 50 overnight raids. It investigated crimes in the United States, Mexico and Canada, netted some 59 million dollars in cash, 12,000 kilos (12 tons) of cocaine, 544 kilos (1,200 pounds) of methamphetamine and 1.3 million Ecstasy pills.
    (AFP, 2/25/09)(WSJ, 2/26/09, p.A6)

2009        Feb 28, Police in southern Mexico found the body of Rolando Landa, head of security in the township of La Union, near the Pacific beach town of Zihuatanejo. The body was accompanied by threatening messages apparently left by members of the Familia Michoacana drug gang. Two police officers in the town of Praxedis Guerrero, just south of the border town of Ciudad Juarez, were shot dead in their patrol vehicle.
    (AP, 2/28/09)(AP, 3/1/09)

2009        Feb, Scientists published a study showing that genetically modified material did contaminate native corn in the crop's birthplace in southern Mexico. Elena Alvarez Buylla, author of the article published in the February edition of Molecular Ecology, said the difficult atmosphere surrounding the original debate persists.
    (AP, 3/5/09)

2009        Mar 1, Mexican federal police made two arrests and confiscated weapons and marijuana in Tijuana, across the US border from San Diego, after coming under attack by men linked to a drug cartel.
    (AP, 3/1/09)

2009        Mar 3, In Mexico hundreds of heavily armed soldiers fanned out across Ciudad Juarez, trying to prevent a collapse in law and order just south of the US border. Joggers found the decapitated bodies of 3 men near a bullfighting ring in the border city of Tijuana. The heads were found nearby with a message calling the men "snitches." One of the dead included Jorge Norman Harrison (38), an American who had been convicted for drug trafficking in the US. A fourth body, whose head was wrapped in masking tape, was found in a creek.
    (Reuters, 3/3/09)(AP, 3/3/09)(AP, 3/7/09)

2009        Mar 4, In Mexico a fight between gangs in a state prison in Ciudad Juarez left at least 20 prisoners dead.
    (SFC, 3/5/09, p.A5)

2009        Mar 6, Mexico published a new law allowing the planting of genetically modified corn for experimental reasons.
    (SFC, 3/7/09, p.A2)

2009        Mar 9, In Mexico gunmen killed six people, including a local police chief, in a series of attacks in mountain towns in the Pacific coast state of Guerrero. Gunmen also shot and killed a Michoacan state police commander outside police headquarters in the city of Zamora.
    (AP, 3/9/09)

2009        Mar 10, In western Mexico 5 human heads were found inside coolers along a highway. Authorities were still searching for the bodies.
    (AP, 3/10/09)

2009        Mar 11, Forbes magazine released its list of 793 of the world’s richest people. Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman, a suspected drug lord and Mexico's most-wanted fugitive, made the list of billionaires with a fortune described as "self made." He was No. 701 on the list. The list included 5 Indonesians.
    (AP, 3/11/09)(SSFC, 3/15/09, p.A4)

2009        Mar 12, Mexico extradited two former US Border Patrol agents accused of taking bribes from migrant smugglers. The US Embassy said Raul Villarreal and Fidel Villarreal allegedly fled to Mexico after they learned US authorities were investigating them in 2006. Two suspected migrant smugglers were also extradited.
    (AP, 3/12/09)

2009        Mar 14, In Mexico police acting on a tip found nine bodies partially buried in the desert on the outskirts of the Mexican border city of Ciudad Juarez. 1,500 more troops arrived, on top of 2,150 who arrived a day earlier. Authorities announced the arrest of Sergio Pena Mendoza (39), a suspected leader of the Zetas, a drug cartel hit squad. A male suspect threw a hand grenade at police officers in the western city of Guadalajara. No injuries were reported. Police detained the suspect and later found 14 more grenades and 10 assault rifles in his home.
    (AP, 3/15/09)

2009        Mar 16, Mexico said it will increase tariffs on about 90 US products in retaliation for last week's decision to end a pilot program that allowed some Mexican trucks to transport goods in the United States.
    (AP, 3/16/09)
2009        Mar 16, In northern Mexico a tractor-trailer slammed into a bus carrying Canadian and US tourists, killing 11. The bus was carrying a group of Texas retirees from McAllen, Texas, to the northern Mexican state of Zacatecas when a drunken driver lost control of his tractor-trailer outside the city of Saltillo.
    (AP, 3/17/09)(WSJ, 3/18/09, p.A10)

2009        Mar 18, In Mexico Vicente "El Vicentillo" Zambada, top figure in the Sinaloa drug cartel, was arrested before dawn at a home in an elite Mexico City neighborhood.
    (AP, 3/20/09)
2009        Mar 18, The US government sued Union Pacific in San Diego and Houston saying the rail company had failed to prevent smuggling of illegal drugs by rail into the US from Mexico. The government cited at least 58 occasions of illegal drug transport, mostly marijuana, since 2001. At least one case involved cocaine.
    (WSJ, 3/19/09, p.A7)

2009        Mar 19, In Mexico new tariffs on 89 products took effect in retaliation for a US decision last week to cancel a cross-border program that gave Mexican truckers access to their northern neighbor's highways.
    (AP, 3/19/09)

2009        Mar 20, Mexico’s central bank lowered its overnight lending rate by .75 to 6.75%, in response to the deepening recession.
    (WSJ, 3/20/09, p.A5)
2009        Mar 20, The Mexican army in Saltillo, Coahuila, arrested Sigifrido Najera Talamantes, an alleged drug trafficker. He was suspected of organizing an attack on a US consulate as well as the killing of several soldiers in retaliation for a government crackdown.
    (AP, 3/20/09)

2009        Mar 21, In central Mexico toxic fumes killed at least 10 people who were trying to clean a sewage pump station in the town of Atotonilco de Tula.
    (AP, 3/22/09)

2009        Mar 22, In Mexico gunmen killed Edgar Garcia, a state police commander in charge of investigating kidnappings and extortion in the western state of Michoacan.
    (AP, 3/23/09)

2009        Mar 24, Mexican soldiers in a Monterrey suburb detained Hector Huerta Rios, one of the nation's 24 top drug traffickers included on a "most-wanted" list issued two days ago. Officials in Nuevo Laredo began destroying more than 35 statues dedicated to a "Death Saint" popular with drug traffickers.
    (AP, 3/25/09)

2009        Mar 25, In Mexico US Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton pledged to stand "shoulder to shoulder" with Mexico in its violent struggle against drug cartels, and acknowledged the US shares blame because of its demand for drugs and supply of weapons.
    (AP, 3/26/09)

2009        Mar 31, Mexico’s Pres. Calderon revealed that his country had secured a $47 billion line of credit from the IMF. It was the 1st country to be approved for the new Flexible Credit Line, which does not require a country to make policy changes.
    (WSJ, 4/2/09, p.A6)(Econ, 4/4/09, p.76)
2009        Mar 31, Mexican authorities said police in northern Mexico caught a gang that allegedly stole oil from state-owned pipelines and smuggled it across the border to sell it to US refineries.
    (AP, 4/1/09)

2009        Mar, Mexico City passed legislation to ban free non-biodegradable plastic bags. It was signed in August gave retailers a year to comply.
    (AP, 9/9/09)
2009        Mar, Mexico’s Attorney General's office first mentioned Servando Gomez as a leader of La Familia, and offered $2.4 million for information leading to his arrest. In 2010 it was reported that Gomez appeared on the government's 2010 teacher payroll as part of the staff of an elementary school in rural Arteaga town in Michoacan state.
    (AP, 12/9/10)

2009        Apr 1, Mexico detained Vicente Carrillo Leyva (32), one of its most wanted drug suspects. He allegedly was the second in command of the powerful Juarez cartel. Leyva is the son of drug kingpin Amado Carrillo Fuentes, who was one of Mexico's most important drug traffickers before he died during plastic surgery to change his appearance in 1997.
    (AP, 4/2/09)

2009        Apr 2, Mexico's Senate unanimously approved legislation that would allow the government to seize property from suspected drug traffickers and other criminals before they are convicted.
    (AP, 4/3/09)
2009        Apr 2, US and Mexico officials said they are creating a cross-border group to develop strategies for stopping the illegal flow of guns and drugs between the two countries.
    (AP, 4/3/09)

2009        Apr 3, In Mexico Alberto Rayas Rodriguez (37), the chief homicide detective in western Jalisco state, was killed while on his way to a government event when gunmen on a motorcycle opened fire on his car.
    (AP, 4/5/09)

2009        Apr 4, In Mexico 11 people were found shot to death in 5 different places, some bearing signs of torture and left with threatening messages emblematic of drug violence.
    (AP, 4/5/09)
2009        Apr 4, In Texas Jorge Alberto Mendez (42) was arrested while trying to cross into Mexico from El Paso, where he lived. He was arrested for allegedly raping 19 women across the border in the northern Mexican city of Ciudad Juarez.
    (AP, 4/7/09)

2009        Apr 9, Mexico City turned off the tap to millions of residents because water reserves have reached historic lows. The two-day shutdown of a main pipeline affected at least 5 million of the 20 million people in the Mexico City valley.
    (AP, 4/9/09)
2009        Apr 9, In Mexico a former Guatemalan soldier, who allegedly procured weapons for a drug cartel, was killed in a gunfight with federal police. Israel Nava and two other gunmen were killed in northern Zacatecas state. Eight police were wounded. Nava was a former member of the "kaibiles," Guatemalan soldiers trained in counterinsurgency. Mexico first warned in 2005 that the Zetas were recruiting kaibiles.
    (AP, 4/9/09)

2009        Apr 13, Mexico's Congress opened a three-day debate on the merits of legalizing marijuana for personal use, a policy backed by three former Latin American presidents who warned that a crackdown on drug cartels is not working. Mexican authorities arrested a woman guarding an arsenal that included the first anti-aircraft machine gun seized in Mexico. The army captured Ruben Granados Vargas, an alleged lieutenant for the Beltran-Leyva drug cartel in the Pacific coast state of Guerrero.
    (AP, 4/13/09)(AP, 4/14/09)

2009        Apr 15, Mexico’s troubled border city of Ciudad Juarez and the federal government signed an agreement to train, recruit and equip enough city police officers to take over from 5,000 army troops now performing security patrols there.
    (AP, 4/16/09)
2009        Apr 15, Pres. Obama directed the US Treasury Dept. to seize assets of 3 Mexican drug cartels including the Sinaloa cartel, the Los Zetas cartel and the La Familia Michoacan group.
    (SFC, 4/16/09, p.A2)

2009        Apr 17, In Mexico gunmen over the last 24 hours killed 12 people in different parts of Michoacan state, including three men who were beheaded. Authorities in Piedras Negras, in Coahuila state, bordering Texas, found the body of a man whose fingers had been cut off. Assailants stuck one finger in the man's mouth and cut out his tongue. Two buses collided head-on in the southern state of Chiapas, killing at least 19 people.
    (AP, 4/17/09)
2009        Apr 17, A US federal judge sentenced John Philip Hernandez of Houston to 8 years in prison for buying military-style firearms and that ended up in the hands of Mexico’s drug cartels. Prosecutors said Hernandez led a group that purchased 339 weapons over 15 months.
    (SFC, 4/18/09, p.A4)

2009        Apr 18, Eight Mexican law enforcement officers were killed in an unsuccessful attack on a police convoy attempting to prevent the transfer of an important drug suspect to a prison in western Mexico. The attack appeared to have been an attempt to free  Jeronimo Gamez, a top lieutenant of the Beltran-Leyva cartel, was arrested on the outskirts of Mexico City in January. Officers managed to deliver Gamez and eight other detainees to the prison despite the attacks.
    (AP, 4/19/09)(AP, 4/20/09)
2009        Apr 18, In Mexico one train apparently ran into another on the recently inaugurated Suburban Railway bordering Mexico City. At least 70 people were injured.
    (AP, 4/19/09)

2009        Apr 20, In Mexico police found a body in flames dumped along a main thoroughfare on the outskirts the northern border city of Tijuana. The victim was found with his head wrapped in packing tape, a common practice used by drug smugglers against rivals.
    (AP, 4/22/09)

2009        Apr 21, In Mexico soldiers captured Isaac Manuel Godoy Castro, an alleged top member of the Arellano Felix cartel, along with six other alleged members of his cell.
    (AP, 4/23/09)

2009        Apr 22, In Mexico the bullet-riddled bodies of the two army officers were found in the Durango township of Tepehuanes, about 30 miles (50 kms) south of Guanacevi. The discovery happened days after Roman Catholic Archbishop Hector Gonzalez Martinez created a stir by saying that Sinaloa cartel leader Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman lives near the town of Guanacevi.
    (AP, 4/23/09)

2009        Apr 24, Mexico’s Health Secretary Jose Cordova said private and public schools in Mexico city have been ordered to remain closed due to a flue epidemic. At least 20 people have died nationwide from the flu in the last three weeks.
    (AP, 4/24/09)
2009        Apr 24, In Mexico the bullet-riddled bodies of nine men were found in and around the resort of Acapulco. 2 federal police agents were shot to death in Ciudad Juarez, as they walked in the downtown area after leaving a bar. Mexican authorities captured German Torres (29), an alleged cartel hit man suspected in the abduction of American anti-kidnapping expert Felix Batista. Batista was kidnapped in Coahuila state Dec. 10 and has not been heard from since.
    (AP, 4/24/09)(AP, 4/26/09)

2009        Apr 25, In Mexico gunmen killed the police chief of Piedras Negras, across the border from Eagle Pass, Texas, less than three weeks after he took over the local force with the aim of purging alleged corruption. Six police officers were being questioned in the attack.
    (AP, 4/26/09)
2009        Apr 25, Mexico City suspended all public events for 10 days as officials tried to contain an outbreak of a deadly new swine flu. Tests showed 20 people have died of the swine flu, and 48 other deaths were probably due to the same strain.
    (AP, 4/25/09)
2009        Apr 25, The World Health Organization called an emergency meeting of experts to consider declaring an international public health emergency over the swine flu outbreak believed to have killed dozens of people in Mexico and sickened at least seven in the US.
    (AP, 4/25/09)

2009        Apr 27, US cases of the deadly new flu strain rose to 40. Governments around the world acted to stem a possible flu pandemic, as a virus that has killed 149 people in Mexico and spread to North America was confirmed to have reached Europe. Spain's Health Ministry confirmed the country's first case of swine flu and said another 20 people are suspected of having the disease.
    (Reuters, 4/27/09)(AP, 4/27/09)(WSJ, 4/28/09, p.A1)
2009        Apr 27, In Mexico an earthquake of magnitude 5.6 was centered near Chilpancingo, about 130 miles (210 km) southwest of Mexico City. 2 women aged 67 and 75 died of heart attacks during or shortly after the earthquake, and four homes and a perimeter wall collapsed in and around the resort of Acapulco.
    (AP, 4/28/09)
2009        Apr 27, In Tijuana, Mexico, 7 police officers were assassinated in about an hour's time in what authorities said was a coordinated effort. 4 of the officers, three men and a woman, were found amid more than 200 bullet shells.
    (AP, 4/29/09)

2009        Apr 28, World health officials raised a global alert to an unprecedented level as swine flu was blamed for more deaths in Mexico and the epidemic crossed new borders, with the first cases confirmed in the Middle East and the Asia-Pacific regions.
    (AP, 4/28/09)

2009        Apr 29, Mexican police arrested suspected Zeta gang leader Gregorio Sauceda Gamboa, one of Mexico's 24 most-wanted drug traffickers.
    (AP, 4/29/09)
2009        Apr 29, In Cuba a statement published in state newspapers said that effective midnight, flights from Cuba to Mexico would be grounded due to swine flu. After that, airlines can fly presumably empty planes to the island and pickup Mexico travels. This amended a blanket 48-hour ban on flights between Mexico and Cuba announced a day earlier.
    (AP, 4/29/09)

2009        Apr 30, Mexican health authorities said they confirmed 300 swine flu cases and 12 deaths due to the virus among a total of 679 people tested so far.
    (AP, 5/1/09)
2009        Apr 30, Mexican authorities detained 12 federal police investigators accused of leaking information to hit men who ambushed and killed 8 officers on April 18 in a failed attempt to free a high level drug cartel member.
    (SFC, 5/1/09, p.A2)

2009        May 1, US cases of the H1N1 flu rose to 155, based on federal and state tallies. State laboratory operators believe the number is higher because they are not testing all suspected cases. Mexico raised its confirmed swine flu death toll from 15 to 16, adding that the total number of confirmed cases of the virus had risen to 397. Worldwide, the total confirmed cases were 653, with the real number also believed to be much larger.
    (AP, 5/2/09)

2009        May 2, Mexico said it had no confirmed deaths from HINI swine flu overnight, even as its confirmed caseload grew to 443.
    (AP, 5/2/09)

2009        May 3, Mexican police found 11 bodies dumped around a southern Guerrero state, including seven wrapped in plastic bags and thrown off a bridge. The bodies of five men and two women were found in a river between the Pacific resort town of Acapulco and the city of Cuernavaca. The other four bodies were found in a 600-yard ravine in the town of Pilcaya.
    (AP, 5/4/09)
2009        May 3, In Mexico at least four gunmen confronted journalist Carlos Ortega (52) when he got out of his car in front of his home in the small town of Santa Maria del Oro. Ortega was shot in the head after struggling with the attackers. Ortega recently argued with the town's mayor, Martin Silvestre Herrera, over an article on sanitation at a local slaughterhouse, and then wrote a column saying he would hold the mayor responsible if anything happened to him.
    (AP, 5/5/09)

2009        May 4, Mexico's health secretary said most businesses will reopen May 6 nationwide, citing ebb in the swine flu outbreak. The World Health Organization chief warned that swine flu could return with a vengeance despite Pres. Felipe Calderon insisting his country has contained the epidemic.
    (AP, 5/4/09)(AFP, 5/4/09)

2009        May 6, New H1N1 flu cases across Europe and a second US death kept health officials on alert despite signs Mexico's epidemic had passed its peak. Mexican health officials said that testing of backlogged cases has increased the confirmed swine flu death toll from 31 to 42, including three new deaths in the past two days.
    (Reuters, 5/6/09)(AP, 5/6/09)

2009        May 7, In Mexico high schools and universities closed by the swine flu epidemic reopened as teachers and parents carefully checked returning students for flu symptoms. The death toll due to the HINI flu was raised to 44. Mexico City says all businesses can reopen including sports arenas, museums, bars.
    (AP, 5/7/09)
2009        May 7, Mexican police said 3 women who disappeared in the border city of Tijuana were killed by drug traffickers who dissolved their bodies in a caustic substance. 2 drug traffickers were arrested this week and confessed to the killings. A 3rd suspect was being sought.
    (AP, 5/7/09)

2009        May 8, Mexico’s federal attorney general's office said authorities have arrested 25 Tijuana police officers and two civilians on organized crime charges for alleged drug gang ties. In the border state of Chihuahua, prosecutors said police acting on an anonymous tip found two clandestine graves with 7 bodies in the town of Palomas, across from Columbus, New Mexico.
    (AP, 5/8/09)

2009        May 9, In Mexico gunmen killed 9 people in three separate attacks in the western state of Michoacan. 4 horses and a bull were also killed in one of the attacks. The bodies of 4 US citizens (19-23) were found strangled, beaten and stabbed in a van in Tijuana, two days after they reportedly left their Southern California homes for a night at the Mexican clubs.
    (AP, 5/11/09)(AP, 5/15/09)
2009        May 9, Costa Rica reported the first swine flu death outside North America and the US announced its third death from the virus, while Mexico delayed the reopening of primary schools in some states.
    (AP, 5/9/09)

2009        May 10, Mexican prosecutors announced that police had arrested four alleged members of a drug cartel in the border city of Tijuana after police found over $542,000 in their vehicles. Federal prosecutors in Cuernavaca detained 11 men and 3 women on suspicion of smuggling weapons for the Beltran Leyva drug cartel. The 14 caught in the raid on a house were ordered held under house arrest for 40 days pending possible charges.
    (AP, 5/10/09)

2009        May 11, Most of Mexico's primary schools and kindergartens welcomed back millions of students after a nationwide shutdown ordered to help put a brake on the spread of swine flu.
    (AP, 5/11/09)
2009        May 11, Confirmed cases of H1N1 swine flu in the US climbed to more than 2,500, surpassing Mexico as the country most affected by the outbreak.
    (http://tinyurl.com/prszux)

2009        May 15, Mexico received eight armored vehicles as part of a US aid package to help the government with its nationwide fight against drug cartels. Mexican federal police announced the capture of an alleged lieutenant of the Sinaloa drug cartel. Mario Gonzalez Martinez was described as one of the most trusted aides of Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman. Martinez was captured along with four alleged accomplices in the western state of Jalisco.
    (AP, 5/16/09)

2009        May 16, In central Mexico an armed gang freed 53 inmates from the Cieneguillas prison in Zacatecas state, including two dozen with ties to a powerful drug cartel, in a daring raid that took just five minutes. Gov. Amalia Garcia Medina said footage from the security cameras inside and outside the prison indicates that guards helped the armed gang. The bodies of two men were found shot to death in central Michoacan state. Federal police came under fire as they raided a Cuernavaca building where four of suspects were arrested, including 3 police officers. A fifth suspect was also arrested as an alleged hit man.
    (AP, 5/16/09)(AP, 5/17/09)

2009        May 18, Mexican soldiers arrested Rodolfo Lopez and several others after they landed at Monterrey's international airport to take over trafficking operations in Monterrey. Several armed men were arrested in the parking lot, where they were waiting to pick Lopez up.
    (AP, 5/19/09)

2009        May 18, Mexican soldiers arrested Rodolfo Lopez and several others after they landed at Monterrey's international airport to take over trafficking operations in Monterrey. Several armed men were arrested in the parking lot, where they were waiting to pick Lopez up. Police in the southern state of Guerrero found the severed heads of three men in an ice chest left on the side of a highway near the resort of Zihuatanejo.
    (AP, 5/19/09)

2009        May 19, Inmates at a Mexico City prison rioted over restrictions on visits due to swine flu, as the country reported two more confirmed deaths, raising the toll to 74 nationwide.
    (AP, 5/19/09)

2009        May 25, In Mexico Eliseo Barron, a veteran crime reporter for the La Opinion Milenio newspaper, was kidnapped from his home in Torreon. His body was found hours later found in an irrigation ditch in the drug-plagued northern Mexican state of Durango. Mexico's army arrested two US citizens for allegedly kidnapping a hardware store clerk in the northern border city of Tijuana. 20-year-old Teddy Toledo and his sister, both of California, and two others were arrested for abducting the clerk a week ago. Five suspects were arrested on June 11, including one man who told authorities the journalist was slain as a warning against meddling with a powerful drug cartel.
    (AP, 5/26/09)(AP, 5/27/09)(SSFC, 5/31/09, p.A4)(AP, 6/12/09)

2009        May 26, Mexican federal forces detained 10 mayors and 18 other officials for allegedly protecting one of Mexico's most violent drug cartels in an unprecedented anti-corruption sweep in the Pacific coast state of Michoacan. Three of the mayors were released soon after they were arrested, 4 others were quietly let go Jan. 30.
    (AP, 5/27/09)(AP, 3/4/10)

2009        May 30, In Mexico two gunmen died in a clash with soldiers in Michaocan. The gunmen opened fire on soldiers on patrol in the village of Moreno de Valencia. Soldiers found a Kalashnikov rifle, a shotgun, a handgun and a grenade inside the gunmen's sport utility vehicle.
    (AP, 6/1/09)

2009        May 31, In Mexico gunmen in Ciudad Juarez, opened fire in the lobby of a
drug and alcohol rehabilitation center , killing five people. Gunmen killed four men sitting in a car in the border city of Tijuana.
    (AP, 6/1/09)

2009        Jun 1, Mexican soldiers and federal agents detained 29 police officers in northern Nuevo Leon state for alleged ties to drug traffickers. Retired Gen. Javier Aguayo took over as police chief of Chihuahua, where drug-fueled violence has claimed hundreds of lives. Mexican soldiers in Reynosa captured Sergio Garcia Trevino, a drug cartel suspect accused of helping procure the largest illegal weapons cache found in the country.
    (AP, 6/1/09)(AP, 6/2/09)

2009        Jun 2, Mexico moved forward in its campaign to root out corruption, rounding up 21 more police officers in several northern cities for questioning on suspicions they had ties to drug trafficking. A total of 58 officers have been detained since the operation began a day earlier.
    (AP, 6/2/09)
2009        Jun 2, Mexican truckers filed a lawsuit against the United States seeking $6 billion in compensation for losses they claim to have suffered since Washington banned them from crossing the border in violation of a trade pact. Mexico's National Cargo Transportation Association, or Canacar, filed the lawsuit representing 4,500 trucking companies. Canacar had filed an arbitration notice with the US State Department under the NAFTA in April.
    (AP, 6/3/09)

2009        Jun 3, Mexican federal investigators questioned 48 Veracruz city traffic officers about the disappearance of the top customs official for one of Mexico's most important ports. Customs administrator Francisco Serrano has not been seen since his smashed government vehicle was found abandoned at an accident scene three days ago. Serrano recently launched a new system to check shipping containers at the Gulf coast port.
    (AP, 6/4/09)

2009        Jun 4, Mexican police found 11 bodies, most with their hands and feet cut off, inside an abandoned car in the border state of Sonora in violence attributed to drug traffickers battling for control of the region.
    (AP, 6/5/09)

2009        Jun 5, In Mexico a fast-moving fire killed 49 babies and toddlers at the ABC day care in the city of Hermosillo, Sonora state, despite desperate attempts of firefighters, who punched through the walls and fought their way through flames to rescue babies, toddlers and others trapped inside. No fire alarm or sprinkler system had gone off, according to witnesses. One mother said a second door to the day care was bolted shut and nobody could find the key. In 2011 federal police arrested Arturo Leyva Lizarraga, a former government official, on homicide and abuse of authority charges tied to a day care center fire. On June 30, 2011, federal agents arrested Delia Botello, former regional coordinator of public day care centers.
    (AP, 6/6/09)(AP, 6/7/09)(AP, 6/8/09)(AP, 6/23/09)(AP, 5/10/11)(AP, 7/1/11)
2009        Jun 6, In Mexico 13 gunmen, 2 soldiers and 2 bystanders were killed in a 4-hour shootout in Acapulco's hotel zone in a gunbattle that went passed midnight. The soldiers found four Guerrero state police officers inside the house who said they were being held captive.
    (AP, 6/7/09)(AP, 6/8/09)

2009        Jun 7, Mexican police announced the arrest of Olga Lerma in western Jalisco state. She was wanted in the US for allegedly smuggling $2 million in cocaine-trafficking profits for a powerful drug cartel.
    (AP, 6/7/09)

2009        Jun 8, In Mexico gunmen launched grenades and opened fire in near simultaneous attacks on two police stations in Acapulco, killing three officers in violence that broke out less than 48 hours after a gunbattle in the resort left 17 dead.
    (AP, 6/8/09)
2009        Jun 8, The US border patrol said a Mexican truck driver was arrested over the weekend at a checkpoint in San Diego County after 73 illegal Mexican immigrants were found in the back of his rig.
    (SFC, 6/9/09, p.A5)

2009        Jun 9, In Mexico 2 Sonora state government officials, whose wives are owners of the ABC day care center where 44 children died in a fire, resigned saying they wanted to clear the way for an investigation into the June 5 blaze.
    (AP, 6/10/09)

2009        Jun 10, Mexican soldiers captured Jose Filiberto Parra Ramos, a suspected cartel member accused of killing two federal agents and leading bloody battles for smuggling routes in the northern city of Tijuana.
    (AP, 6/12/09)

2009        Jun 11, The Mexican army captured 25 gunmen in northern Nicolas Bravo, Chihuahua state, who witnesses say disguised themselves as soldiers. Soldiers also seized 29 automatic rifles during the raid. Gunmen tossed grenades and fired on a crowded taco stand in the city of Uruapan, Michoacan state, killing a police officer and a 15-year-old boy. Armed men barged into a motel room and killed five people in their beds in Ciudad Juarez. Two other people were killed during a car chase and shootout between armed men in downtown Juarez. The Mexican Navy in Sinaloa discovered one of the largest methamphetamine labs ever found in the country, with enough ephedrine to produce more than 40 tons of methamphetamine.
    (AP, 6/11/09)(AP, 6/12/09)(AP, 6/14/09)(AP, 6/16/09)
2009        Jun 11, Human Rights Watch in a report to the UN said abuses by the Mexican military have surged since the government deployed troops to fight drug cartels more than two years ago, and too little is done to investigate allegations of rapes, killing and torture. Mexico's government disputed the charges.
    (AP, 6/11/09)

2009        Jun 12, In Mexico Mauricio Fernandez, a ruling party mayoral candidate in Monterey suburb San Pedro Garza, suggested that as mayor he would avoid confronting the Beltran Levya cartel to maintain peace. Police found the bodies of five men dumped beside on a highway in the northern state of Durango, all with signs of torture. Four more bodies were found in different parts of Ciudad Juarez, across the border from El Paso, Texas. Soldiers arrested Juan Manuel Jurado Zarzoza, the local leader of the Gulf drug cartel in Cancun in charge of drug sales, extortion and kidnappings.
    (AP, 6/13/09)(AP, 6/14/09)

2009        Jun 13, In Mexico 3 federal agents were killed in two separate attacks along a highway in the western state of Michoacan. In western Guerrero state gunmen ordered a priest and two seminarians out of their vehicle and shot them dead in the town of Arcelia.
    (AP, 6/14/09)(AP, 6/15/09)

2009        Jun 15, Mexico's attorney general's office said it charged 51 guards and prison officials, including the director, for their complicity in the escape of 53 inmates from a jail in Zacatecas state. A survey by Mexico's National Human Rights Commission said an estimated 9,758 migrants were kidnapped in Mexico between September and February, mainly by drug gangs but some migrants reported that authorities were involved.
    (AP, 6/15/09)

2009        Jun 16, In northern Mexico police found the bodies of seven young men who were beaten or shot to death in the state of Durango. In western Michoacan state, three suspected kidnappers were killed in a shootout with local police in the city of Uruapan. The Navy reported that it had detected a shipment of cocaine hidden inside the carcasses of frozen sharks aboard a freight ship at the Gulf coast port of Progreso.
    (AP, 6/17/09)

2009        Jun 17, In Mexico four teenagers were shot to death on a Ciudad Juarez street by gunmen wielding assault rifles. The four were between the ages of 16 and 18.
    (AP, 6/20/09)

2009        Jun 18, Mexico levied organized crime and drug charges against seven mayors, the former state attorney general and 19 other officials in the western state of Michoacan for allegedly aiding a drug cartel.
    (AP, 6/18/09)

2009        Jun 19, Mexico authorities in the border city of Ciudad Juarez said they would step up patrols after killings there rebounded to levels near those that led the government to send in 5,000 army troops in March. In Michoacan state gunmen tossed a grenade at an ambulance and then opened its doors to kill a patient inside who had narrowly survived an earlier shooting in Uruapan. Paramedics ran for their lives during the attack. The man (23) died and his wife (20) was listed in serious condition.
    (AP, 6/20/09)

2009        Jun 22, Mexican customs officials made 3 major drug seizures. Nearly 1,000 pounds (450 kilos) of cocaine was found hidden in a shipment of tires from Colombia, found at the Pacific port of Manzan. More than 1,200 pounds (545 kilos) of marijuana was discovered in the border city of Nuevo Laredo. 330 pounds (150 kilos) of pseudophedrine pills, used to make methamphetamine, was found in a shipment of medical supplies from Bangladesh, stopped at Mexico City International Airport.
    (AP, 6/30/09)

2009        Jun 25, In Mexico’s northern state of Sonora, assailants opened fire on a car carrying a congressional candidate for Calderon's National Action Party, or PAN, killing two people who were with the candidate.
    (AP, 6/27/09)

2009        Jun 26, In Mexico a shootout between police and suspected cartel hit men left at least 12 people dead and a police officer wounded in the town of Apaseo el Alto, Guanajuato state.
    (AP, 6/27/09)

2009        Jun 26, In Mexico a shootout between police and suspected cartel hit men left at least 12 people dead and a police officer wounded in the town of Apaseo el Alto, Guanajuato state. Suspected cartel operator Omar Ibarra was caught on a street in the northern city of Monterrey. He reportedly possessed the names of 33 policemen in the wealthy suburb of San Pedro Garza Garcia who had presumably received money from Ibarra. Gunmen in the border state of Sonora opened fire on a car carrying congressional hopeful Ernesto Cornejo, killing two people who were riding with him.
    (AP, 6/27/09)(AP, 6/30/09)

2009        Jun 27, In Mexico’s western state of Michoacan, gunmen opened fire on a car carrying two forensic investigators in Zamora, killing  a chemist and wounding a doctor. In the Gulf coast state of Veracruz, a women and her 3-year-old son were shot to death by unidentified assailants on a highway. Police uncovered a mass grave in central Mexico with the remains of 14 or 15 people believed to have been executed by the Zetas drug gang.
    (AP, 6/27/09)(AP, 7/2/09)

2009        Jun 28, Mexican prosecutors announced they have put 93 police officers and investigators under house arrest on suspicion of aiding the Zetas, a feared gang of hit men tied to the Gulf drug cartel.
    (AP, 6/28/09)

2009        Jun 29, In Mexico federal prosecutors released three of the 10 Mexican mayors arrested last month in an unprecedented sweep of elected officials accused of protecting a drug cartel. Assailants set ablaze a pickup truck belonging to a congressional candidate for PAN, and left two threatening notes demanding he drop out of the race. At least five people died in several drug-related slayings in the Gulf coast port of Veracruz.
    (AP, 6/30/09)(AP, 7/1/09)

2009        Jun 30, Mexican police found the remains of six people tortured and shot to death in western Michoacan state, a focus of the government's war against drug cartels. In the northern city of Ciudad Juarez, police found the body of a 19-year-old woman, an American citizen from across the border in El Paso, dumped at an intersection with her throat slit.
    (AP, 6/30/09)

2009        Jul 3, In Mexico City kidnappers opened fire with AK-47 assault rifles during an attempted rescue of the victim. The rescue failed with catastrophic errors. When police fired back, two commanders, including the chief of the city's elite rapid response force, were shot from behind by their own officers. Meanwhile, one of the kidnappers inside the home fatally shot Yolanda Ceballos (50) before killing himself. Seven other kidnappers were captured. Anti-kidnapping chief Juan Maya Aviles was later suspended.
    (AP, 8/21/09)
2009        Jul 3, In Washington state federal agents said they have arrested 31 people and busted a drug trafficking ring that was directed by a cartel in Jalisco, Mexico. The 2-week Operation Arctic Chill seized 23 guns including a .50 Desert Eagle pistol and an AK-47-type assault rifle.
    (SFC, 7/4/09, p.A5)

2009        Jul 5, Mexicans voted in midterm congressional elections. The old Institutional Revolutionary Party made a big comeback in defiance of those who had written off what is still the country's biggest and most representative party. The PAN will lose some of its 206 seats in the lower house, and the PRI stands to more than double its 106 seats.
    (AP, 7/5/09)(AP, 7/6/09)

2009        Jul 7, In northern Mexico an anti-crime activist and a neighbor were killed by gunmen believed linked to a drug cartel. Anti-crime activists said the slaying of Benjamin LeBaron, a US citizen, in Chihuahua state was the first time one of their own had been killed for denouncing crime and called it a chilling warning. Jose Rodolfo Escajeda, a lieutenant and one of the main operators of the Juarez cartel, was later presumed responsible for the killing of LeBaron and a neighbor near Nuevo Casas Grandes.
    (AP, 7/8/09)(AP, 9/6/09)

2009        Jul 8, In Mexico investigators found a severed head and two arms inside a plastic bag in the of Ario de Rosales, Michoacan state.
    (AP, 7/9/09)

2009        Jul 9, Mexican police found four mutilated bodies in plastic bags on the side of a highway in La Huacana, Michoacan state.
    (AP, 7/9/09)

2009        Jul 11, In Mexico gunmen boldly attacked federal forces across the western state of Michoacan following the capture of Arnoldo Rueda Medina, an alleged member of La Familia drug cartel. In Zitacuaro, a mountain town famous for its Monarch butterfly nesting grounds, 3 federal agents were killed, and two soldiers were fatally shot in the town of Zamora. Two federal agents were killed and three others were wounded along a highway between Morelia and the port City of Lazaro Cardenas when dozens of gunmen ambushed their patrol cars.
    (AP, 7/12/09)

2009        Jul 12, Mexican federal agents captured 2 suspects in connection with a series of attacks on federal forces across Michoacan state that left 5 officers and 2 soldiers dead.
    (AP, 7/13/09)

2009        Jul 13, Mexican prosecutors said they found the bound, blindfolded and tortured bodies of a dozen people on a roadside near La Huacana in the western state of Michoacan. The 12 bodies were soon identified as federal agents investigating organized crime.
    (AP, 7/14/09)(AP, 7/15/09)(SFC, 7/15/09, p.A2)
2009        Jul 13, Mexico and the US announced that they were working on a protocol for sharing information in arms trafficking cases.
    (AP, 7/14/09)(AP, 8/6/09)

2009        Jul 16, Mexico’s Interior Secretary Fernando Gomez Mont said the government was pouring 1,500 federal police officers, 2,500 soldiers and 1,500 navy personnel into Michoacan state, the home base for the violent La Familia cartel led by Servando "La Tuta" Gomez.
    (AP, 7/16/09)

2009        Jul 17, Mexico's central bank cut its benchmark interest rate by a quarter percentage point, dropping the interbank rate to 4.5% to stimulate a recession-dogged economy.
    (AP, 7/18/09)

2009        Jul 18, Mexican soldiers arrested Luis Ibarra, a suspected drug trafficker in the border city of Tijuana. He was carrying jewelry, narcotics and $3.6 million in cash. Ibarra belonged to a cell in charge of making and trafficking methamphetamine for alleged drug kingpin Teodoro Garcia Simental.
    (AP, 7/20/09)

2009        Jul 20, In Mexico 3 men were killed outside a bar before dawn in Ciudad Juarez, across from El Paso, Texas.
    (AP, 7/20/09)

2009        Jul 21, Mexican police detained a woman (65) in the deaths of two professional wrestlers who were found drugged in a low-rent hotel in Mexico City on June 29. One of the diminutive wrestlers went by the name "La Parkita" (Little Death") and wore a skeleton costume in the ring. The other was known as "Espectrito Jr." An autopsy on the two wrestlers, who were brothers, detected a substance found in eye drops that can damage the nervous system when mixed with alcohol. Three bodies, one of them headless, were found floating in an irrigation ditch in the northern border city of Ciudad Juarez, where drug violence has spiked despite the presence of thousands of soldiers. Police captured four men, members of the La Familia drug cartel, accused of slaying 12 federal agents on the weekend of July 12 and dumping their bloodied bodies along a highway in President Felipe Calderon's home state of Michoacan.
    (AP, 7/21/09)(http://alibi.com/index.php?story=28392&scn=news)(AP, 7/23/09)

2009        Jul 23, US Border Patrol Agent Robert Rosas was killed near Campo, Ca. On July 25 Mexican federal police detained four men suspected of involvement in the killing of Rosas. Included was Ernesto Parra Valenzuela, identified as the suspected killer of Rosas. In 2009 Christian Daniel Castro Alvarez (17) pleaded guilty to murdering Rosas. On April 29, 2010, Alvarez was sentenced to 40 years in prison. A 2nd suspect, Marcos Manuel Rodriguez Perez, was arrested on April 11, 2011.
    (AP, 7/26/09)(http://texasfred.net/archives/4628)(SFC, 7/27/09, p.A4)(SFC, 11/21/09, p.A4)(AP, 4/29/10)(AP, 4/11/11)

2009        Jul 24, It was reported that federal and state agents have arrested 82 people for growing over $1.2 billion worth of marijuana in California’s Sierra Nevada. Over the last 10 days more than 314,000 plants at 70 different sites were destroyed. Several Mexican drug cartels were said to involved and all but one of those arrested were from Mexico.
    (SFC, 7/24/09, p.D7)

2009        Jul 25, Mexican police captured 11 suspected members of the La Familia cartel and seized a methamphetamine lab in the western state of Michoacan.
    (AP, 7/25/09)

2009        Jul 27, Mexico announced a pilot program to have special courts handle cases involving addicted offenders who commit crimes while under the influence of drugs.
    (AP, 7/27/09)

2009        Jul 28, President Felipe Calderon said Mexico will start issuing nationwide identity cards for its citizens starting this year, and by 2012 everyone will have one. The body of Juan Daniel Martinez (48), a Mexican radio journalist, was found beaten, gagged and partially buried the resort city of Acapulco. Jose Ibarra, a federal agent who had been investigating the Nov 13, 2008, killing of  Mexican journalist Armando Rodriguez, was shot dead at his home in the northern border city of Ciudad Juarez.
    (AP, 7/28/09)(AP, 7/29/09)(AP, 7/30/09)

2009        Jul 29, In Mexico gunmen shot up and torched the home of Jesus Antonio Romero (39), a police commander in Veracruz, killing the officer, his wife and his four children, including a 6-year-old boy. He had been promoted a month ago to deputy operations coordinator for the Veracruz-Boca del Rio area, a hotbed of drug violence and a stronghold of the Zetas. In a remote mountain town south of Ciudad Juarez, gunmen killed a government welfare official and three police officers during a robbery. Police announced the capture of six more suspected La Familia members, including a man accused of being a chief financial operator.
    (AP, 7/30/09)

2009        Jul 31, In Mexico assailants gunned down five men and a woman in a pool hall in the border city of Ciudad Juarez.
    (AP, 7/31/09)

2009        Aug 2, Mexican police raided a church service in Apatzingan, Michoacan state, and arrested Miguel Angel Beraza, a man known as "The Truck," and another suspect. Beraza was suspected of moving a half ton of crystal methamphetamine into the US each month and was said to be a high-ranking lieutenant in the drug cartel known as La Familia.
    (AP, 8/3/09)

2009        Aug 4, In Mexico 4 bodies were found in the border city of Ciudad Juarez. In the nearby town of Llano Blanco, police chief Gerardo Silva (40) was found dead in a pickup truck, shot five times.
    (AP, 8/5/09)

2009        Aug 5, In Mexico 5 bodies, one of them headless, were found in a van in the border city of Ciudad Juarez. US Sen. Patrick Leahy a Democrat from Vermont, delayed the release of $100 million of a $1.4 billion, three-year package meant to help Mexico combat drug traffickers. Leahy said Mexico needs effective police forces and a justice system that works.
    (AP, 8/5/09)

2009        Aug 6, In Mexico 11 people, including two police officers and nine gunmen, died following a running battle between police and gunmen in the central city of Pachuca.
    (AP, 8/7/09)

2009        Aug 7, In Mexico Zambrano Flores, a top lieutenant of the Tijuana-based Arellano Felix cartel, was arrested in Tijuana. Police seized 10 rifles, 7 pistols, almost 4,000 rounds of ammunition during his arrest.
    (AP, 8/8/09)

2009        Aug 8, In Mexico assailants in the state of Guerrero opened fire on a car carrying a couple and their 3-year-old son, killing all three. In Chihuahua gunmen killed four people in an attack in a bar.
    (AP, 8/10/09)

2009        Aug 9, In Mexico some 400 people marched in Guadalajara to protest the negative affects of free trade and to demand benefits for retired Mexican laborers who worked in the US as Pres. Barack Obama, Mexican President Felipe Calderon and Canadian PM Stephen Harper arrived for a two-day summit.
    (AP, 8/9/09)
2009        Aug 9, Mexican lawyer Silvia Raquenel Villanueva, known for defending high-profile drug trafficking suspects, was shot to death at a street market in the northern city of Monterrey. Army soldiers killed two suspects in a shootout with gunmen in the western state of Michoacan. federal police arrested Dimas Diaz, a drug cartel suspect they believe was behind a plot to kill President Felipe Calderon in retaliation for his crackdown on organized crime. Dia was the alleged financial operator of the Pacific cartel.
    (AP, 8/10/09)

2009        Aug 10, In Mexico Pres. Obama huddled with the leaders of Mexico and Canada for a swift North American summit, where the swine flu epidemic and knotty disputes over cross-border trade dominated a lengthy agenda.
    (AP, 8/10/09)
2009        Aug 10, Mexican soldiers arrested Juan Daniel Carranco Salazar, the alleged leader of the Gulf cartel's operations in the Caribbean resort of Cancun. State prosecutors in Baja California announced their arrest of state detective Sergio Alvarado Chong in the border city of Mexicali with 8 kilograms (17.64 pounds) of cocaine.
    (AP, 8/11/09)

2009        Aug 11, The US Homeland Security department was scheduled to return $2.4 million to Mexico's tax administration, the first batch of money seized during a binational investigation into smuggled oil that authorities expect to lead to more arrests and seizures. So far this year, oil theft was up 10 percent, and confirmed in 19 states, up from 13 in 2008.
    (AP, 8/11/09)
2009        Aug 11, In northern Mexico Monterrey city police were told not to sit in parked patrol cars observing traffic, because officials suspect they could be spying for criminal gangs or drug cartels. Gunmen attacked a vehicle carrying a prison director in Chihuahua, killing three bodyguards and wounding two more seriously.
    (AP, 8/12/09)

2009        Aug 12, In Mexico’s border city of Nuevo Laredo, city police found a bullet-ridden sport utility vehicle belonging to the federal Communications and Transportation Department crashed into a post on a street. There was blood on the seats, and four department employees identified as cargo inspectors were reported missing.
    (AP, 8/12/09)

2009        Aug 13, In Mexico state security officials banned police from setting up sobriety checkpoints in the northern city of Monterrey because they say the officers routinely use them to extort motorists. Bishop Eduardo Patino Leal was detained in the town of Huatusco, Veracruz state, lost control of his vehicle and ran over 6 Indian street vendors, killing one.
    (AP, 8/14/09)

2009        Aug 14, In northern Mexico a fight among prisoners killed 19 inmates and left more than 20 injured at the prison in the city of Gomez Palacio, Durango state. The battle apparently involved inmates jailed on drug or organized crime charges. Assailants in pickup trucks opened fire on Monclova police chief Juan Carlos Pacheco as he headed home. Pacheco was not hurt but three of the police officers guarding him died. Federal police announced the capture of Hector Oyarzabal, an alleged La Familia leader, who was described as director of the gang's drug operations in several towns of the state of Mexico, which surrounds most of Mexico City. In Ciudad Juarez two women and a man were found shot to death in their car.
    (AP, 8/15/09)

2009        Aug 15, In Mexico the dismembered body of Jesus Arroyo, a legal adviser for the leftist Democratic Revolution Party, was found in an ice box in Ciudad Altamirano, in Guerrero state. In Guadalajara singer Carlos Vicente Ocaranza, who specialized in drug ballads, was shot to death outside a bar. His manager died of wounds 2 days later. Ocaranza was better known as "El Loco Elizalde," or The Crazy Elizalde, a reference to his distant relation by marriage to Valentin Elizalde, a much more famous musician, also killed by gunshots in 2006.
    (AP, 8/15/09)(www.wtop.com/?nid=105&sid=1646540)

2009        Aug 17, In Mexico at least 8 people were killed early in the day when gunmen opened fire in a bar in drug-plagued Ciudad Juarez on the Texas border. Gunmen killed a father and his 4-year-old son and wounded the mother as the family drove on a highway near Ciudad Juarez. 2 girls, ages 12 and 14, died after being struck by lightning on a soccer field during a religious service in the city of Tuxtla Gutierrez in Chiapas state. In Monterrey four gunmen died in a shootout with soldiers and three other suspects were detained. Three soldiers suffered light injuries in the clash.
    (AP, 8/17/09)(www.wtop.com/?nid=105&sid=1646540)(AP, 8/18/09)

2009        Aug 18, In Mexico gunmen shot up the offices of the Siglo de Torreon newspaper in Torreon, Coahuila state.
    (SFC, 8/19/09, p.A2)

2009        Aug 20, In Mexico the body of leftist congressman Armando Chavarria was found in the passenger seat of a vehicle in Guerrero’s state capital of Chilpancingo. State police said three human heads were found in ice boxes in the municipality of Coyuca de Catalan. The mutilated bodies were in bags nearby. A message from alleged drug traffickers was also found.
    (AP, 8/21/09)

2009        Aug 21, Mexico decriminalized small amounts of marijuana, cocaine and heroin, a move that prosecutors say makes sense even in the midst of the government's grueling battle against drug traffickers. Gunmen killed an army officer Capt. Alejandro Aranda and another man in a bowling alley in Ciudad Juarez, a border city that has seen Mexico's highest levels of drug-related violence in recent years.
    (AP, 8/21/09)(AP, 8/22/09)

2009        Aug 22, In Tijuana, Mexico, at least three police officers were in critical condition after gunmen opened fire on their patrol cars.
    (AP, 8/22/09)

2009        Aug 23, Mexican army soldiers captured Luis Ricardo Magana. Prosecutors described him as a leading member of the violent La Familia drug cartel. A team of top US law enforcement officials began a three-day visit to Mexico to explore ways to improve efforts against arms smuggling into Mexico as part of joint efforts to combat drug gangs.
    (AP, 8/24/09)

2009        Aug 24, Mexican police in the northern state of Sinaloa found four severed human heads in a cooler by the side of a rural roadway.
    (AP, 8/24/09)

2009        Aug 26, In Mexico gunmen in Ciudad Juarez killed Pablo Pasillas (33), the aide of a Mexican federal agent investigating the death of a crime reporter, a month after the first agent assigned to the case was shot dead.
    (AP, 8/27/09)

2009        Aug 27, In Mexico the bodies of four farm workers were found dumped in a stable for bulls in the western state of Michoacan. The bodies bore signs of torture and had the letter "Z" carved into their foreheads, a possible reference to the Zetas, hit men tied to the Gulf cartel. In the northern state of Nuevo Leon, state Public Safety Secretary Aldo Fasci said about 2,000 police officers across the state had been fired over the last two years for suspected links to organized crime and drug cartels. Speaking at a meeting of private security firms, he said 500 others were dismissed for other causes.
    (AP, 8/28/09)
2009        Aug 27, In Oaxaca, Mexico, supporters of a teacher’s union tried to retake a school controlled by Section 59 when gunfire erupted and teacher Antonio Norberto Camacho was shot to death. Section 59 was created in the midst of the protests led by Section 22 and anti-government groups in 2006.
    (AP, 8/29/09)

2009        Aug 28, In Mexico a convoy of gunmen engaged state police in a running shootout that killed five officers and possibly one of the attackers in the western Mexico state of Jalisco. Americo Delgado (80), a lawyer for convicted Mexican drug kingpin Benjamin Arellano Felix, was found stabbed to death in his home. Felix was in prison serving a 22-year-sentence on drug trafficking and organized crime charges and was fighting extradition to the United States.
    (AP, 8/28/09)(AP, 8/29/09)

2009        Aug 29, In northwestern Mexico a shooting killed eight people partying on a seaside boulevard in Navolato, Sinaloa state. Among the dead were two brothers in their 30s who had a record of car theft, Investigators were considering the possibility that the gunmen belonged to a criminal gang known as the "Death Squad," which has been killing car thieves in the region.
    (AP, 8/31/09)

2009        Aug 31, Mexican authorities said they have arrested four men accused of killing at least 211 people for the Juarez cartel. The men allegedly belong to La Linea, a gang of hit men for the Juarez cartel. One of the men alone was accused of killing 97 people and another 87.
    (AP, 8/31/09)

2009        Aug, In Mexico the director of immigrant affairs in the southern border city of Tapachula was found in a tub of cement, months after he was kidnapped.
    (Econ, 9/26/09, p.48)

2009        Sep 1, A top State Department official said the US has released $214 million of an aid package to help Mexico fight drug trafficking, including funds for five helicopters for the military to be delivered by year's end.
    (AP, 9/2/09)

2009        Sep 2, In Mexico gunmen broke into a drug rehabilitation center in Ciudad Juarez, lined people against a wall and shot 18 dead. The brazen attack followed the killing of Jose Manuel Revuelta, the No. 2 security official in Michoacan, President Felipe Calderon's home state. 2 bodyguards and a truck driver were also killed in the crossfire. The federal Attorney General's Office announced the arrest of its two top officials in Quintana Roo, a state on the Yucatan Peninsula, for allegedly protecting the Gulf and the Beltran Levya drug cartels. Chihuahua state authorities said they were investigating reports that rehabilitation centers have turned into hideouts for drug smugglers being sought by police and hit men from rival gangs.
    (AP, 9/3/09)(AP, 9/4/09)

2009        Sep 3, Sergio Saucedo (30), a drug trafficker, was taken from his home in Horizon City, outside of El Paso, Texas. He was murdered and mutilated in Ciudad Juarez in retaliation for the loss of 700 pounds (315 kilos) of marijuana seized by border patrol agents. His body was found on Sep 8. On April 1, 2011, the West Texas Federal Court jury found Cesar Obregon-Reyes and Rafael Vega guilty of abducting Sergio Saucedo from his home.
    (AP, 3/20/10)(http://tinyurl.com/m7lpok)(AP, 4/2/11)

2009        Sep 4, Mexican federal police detained Armando Medina (49), a small-town mayor of Mugica, Michoacan state, on suspicion of aiding drug traffickers. This is the same state where eight other city chiefs have been arrested since May on similar charges. In the northern state of Durango, two gunmen were killed in a shootout with federal police in the city of Gomez Palacio. The federal government auctioned off property seized from drug traffickers, smugglers, money launderers and tax evaders, including a DC-9 jet that was used to transport 5.5 metric tons of cocaine in 2006. The agency did not disclose the identity of winning bidders. Mexican soldiers, acting on a tip about armed men, detained Jose Rodolfo Escajeda in Nuevo Casas Grandes, in northern Chihuahua state. The suspected drug gang leader was linked to a 2006 border incursion by armed traffickers into Texas and the killing of an anti-crime activist in July. Five gunmen and a bystander were killed in a shootout at a lake that began when assailants opened fire on an army patrol on the outskirts of the northern city of Monterrey. A Ciudad Juarez police officer was shot to death outside his home..
    (AP, 9/5/09)(AP, 9/6/09)

2009        Sep 5, In southern Mexico gunmen killed Jose Francisco Fuentes Esperon (43), a state congressional candidate, his wife (38) and two sons (9&13) in their home in Villahermosa in the Gulf coast state of Tabasco. Police later arrested a boy (16) and two young men for allegedly killing Fuentes and his family. Chihuahua state prosecutors reported that a severed human head was found placed on a car hood in the border city of Ciudad Juarez, along with a message relating to drug cartels.
    (AP, 9/5/09)(AP, 9/7/09)

2009        Sep 6, In Mexico attackers shot four men to death in a motel parking lot in the border city of Ciudad Juarez.
    (AP, 9/8/09)

2009        Sep 7, Mexican President Felipe Calderon accepted the resignation of Attorney General Eduardo Medina-Mora, who was leading the battle against drug cartels, making the biggest shake-up yet in his offensive against organized crime. Calderon said he will send the Senate the nomination of Arturo Chavez, a little known lawyer who has worked as both a state and federal prosecutor, to replace Medina-Mora. In the Pacific port of Lazaro Cardenas, about 150 federal police officers assigned to fight cartels went on strike, saying they have not been paid in two months or received hazard bonuses.
    (AP, 9/7/09)(AP, 9/8/09)

2009        Sep 8, In Mexico Police a body with both arms cut off was found dumped on a street in the border city of Ciudad Juarez. The court system in southern Tabasco state said rural journalists Roberto Juarez and Lazaro Abreu Tejero Sanchez have been arrested for allegedly working as informants for the Zetas, a gang aligned with the Gulf drug cartel.
    (AP, 9/9/09)

2009        Sep 9, In Mexico a Bolivian-born man, clutching a Bible and claiming a divine mission, hijacked a plane with more than 100 people aboard after takeoff from Cancun. The incident ended quickly and without bloodshed when police arrested Jose Flores (44) in Mexico City. Police in Morelia said that they had seized eight counterfeit police and rescue vehicles including an intensive care ambulance with official-looking logos and paint jobs. The vehicles belonged to gang members who planned to use them to conduct illegal activities. In 2011 Josmar Flores was sentenced to seven years, seven months and 15 days in prison.
    (Reuters, 9/10/09)(AP, 9/10/09)(AP, 5/19/11)

2009        Sep 10, Mexican defense dept. said soldiers have arrested Michael Escalante (29) of El Paso, suspected of killing 18 people in a series of attacks this year in violence-plagued Ciudad Juarez, across from El Paso, Texas.
    (AP, 9/10/09)

2009        Sep 11, Mexican authorities found at least $5 million hidden in a shipment of ammonium sulfate at a Pacific coast port.
    (AP, 9/12/09)

2009        Sep 12, Mexican police said they have found the bodies of five men dumped in a landfill near the resort city of Acapulco. The men had been shot to death and officers found a note with the bodies signed "The boss of bosses."
    (AP, 9/12/09)

2009        Sep 14, In Mexico 31 police officers were arrested in Hidalgo state on suspicion of collaborating with the Zetas, a gang of drug cartel hit men. 92 police were arrested there in June. Gunmen opened fire inside a Ciudad Juarez hardware store, killing the woman who owned the store and four other people, including a 19-year-old man. Minutes later an armed gang killed five men riding in a pickup truck.
    (AP, 9/14/09)(AP, 9/16/09)

2009        Sep 15, In Mexico firefighters found six bodies inside a burning car in Tijuana. In Ciudad Juarez gunmen killed five people at a car wash. Gunmen burst into a drug treatment center in Ciudad Juarez and shot to death 10 people, the second such mass killing this month.
    (AP, 9/16/09)(AP, 9/16/09)

2009        Sep 16, Mexican navy personnel arrested of a suspect in the June 1 kidnapping of Francisco Serrano, the customs administrator for the Gulf coast state of Veracruz, who remains missing. Jose Osiris was captured in the port of Veracruz along with 10 other people who may have been accomplices. Guerrero state police reported they had found the decomposed bodies of four men by the side of a highway. Because of their poor condition, the cause of death and identity of the bodies has not yet been established.
    (AP, 9/17/09)

2009        Sep 18, In Mexico City Luis Felipe Hernandez Castillo (38), while scrawling graffiti inside the downtown at the Balderas subway station, pulled out a gun and began shooting when confronted by police, killing at least two people and wounding five before being shot and subdued by officers.
    (AP, 9/19/09)

2009        Sep 19, In southern Mexico gunmen attacked a group of illegal immigrants, killing one and wounding five as well as an alleged people smuggler in Chiapas state.
    (AP, 9/19/09)

2009        Sep 21, Mexican soldiers raiding a drug gang safehouse in Monterrey found money-stuffed envelopes earmarked for various police forces and one marked for "press." Four people were arrested and $5 million in US and Mexican currency was seized during the raid.
    (AP, 9/23/09)

2009        Sep 22, Mexican authorities said there would be no compensation for Jacinta Francisco Marcial, an Indian market vendor who was wrongfully convicted of kidnapping and spent three years in prison, in a case that provoked an international protest.
    (AP, 9/22/09)

2009        Sep 24, In Mexico Chihuahua state prosecutor Arturo Chavez, criticized for failing to solve dozens of rapes and murders of women in his northern border state, was confirmed as Mexico's attorney general and leader of the nation's war on vicious drug cartels.
    (AP, 9/24/09)

2009        Sep 25, Mexican police arrested five men accused of dozens of murders, including two mass killings at drug treatment centers in this northern Mexico border city.
    (AP, 9/26/09)

2009        Sep 28, In Mexico 2 Canadian men were shot to death in execution-style slayings outside an apartment building in the Mexican resort of Puerto Vallarta. Gordon Douglas Kendall and Jeffrey Ronald Ivans were believed to be involved in the drug trade. In Michoacan state police arrested three federal agents for allegedly passing information to organized crime.
    (AP, 9/28/09)(SFC, 9/29/09, p.A2)

2009        Oct 1, In Mexico gunmen in Ciudad Juarez opened fire on a pickup truck, killing a 22-year-old woman as well as a 10-year-old girl playing in a city park. Hours earlier, a city police officer was killed as she rode on a bus.
    (AP, 10/2/09)

2009        Oct 2, In Mexico gunmen killed eight people in five separate attacks, including a state policewoman who was shot in the head in broad daylight in a residential area. In Ciudad Juarez at least 11 people, including two police officers and a child, were killed over the last 24 hours. A Mexican Air force plane crashed in President Felipe Calderon's home state of Michoacan, killing three soldiers. Federal officials announced 2 raids by security forces that netted the largest seizures of methamphetamine precursor chemicals in the country's history. Agents seized 20 tons of chemicals at Manzanillo port in the Pacific coast state of Colima and 17 tons in the border city of Nuevo Laredo, across from Laredo, Texas.
    (AP, 10/2/09)

2009        Oct 5, In Mexico gunmen burst into a bar in the northern border city Ciudad Juarez and shot 5 men to death. Soldiers arrested Eduar Vera (30), a suspect linked to at least 27 killings. In the southern state of Guerrero, gunmen killed two state police officers in the city of Iguala.
    (AP, 10/6/09)
2009        Oct 5, In Mexico efforts to film Nobel Prize-winning author Gabriel Garcia Marquez's latest novel, "Memories of My Melancholy Whores" (2004), met resistance as an anti-prostitution group sought to block production, charging the movie will promote child prostitution. The Regional Coalition Against Trafficking in Women and Girls in Latin America and the Caribbean filed a criminal complaint with Mexico's Attorney General's Office.
    (AP, 10/6/09)

2009        Oct 8, In Mexico unidentified assailants kidnapped and killed the top official of the border town of Palomas, across from New Mexico. Town Mayor Estanislao Garcia Santelis had long complained about the drug traffickers and migrant smugglers active around Palomas. Federal police detained Jorge Alberto Lopez Orozco (33) on a highway in the Pacific coast state of Guerrero. He was transported to the neighboring state of Michoacan and held on a US extradition request. Orozco was wanted for the 2002 killings of his girlfriend and her two young sons in Idaho. Gunmen in northern Chihuahua state killed a soldier in an attack on army vehicles near the hamlet of Colonia LeBaron. Five men and seven women were detained.
    (AP, 10/9/09)(AP, 10/10/09)

2009        Oct 9, In Mexico the mutilated body of state official Rogelio Sanchez, who authorities said was suspected of giving fake driver's licenses to drug gang members, was found hanging from a bridge in the border city of Tijuana. Sanchez was kidnapped Oct 7 as he left his home in Tijuana. Police in the Pacific coast state of Guerrero found the bodies of 10 men, all apparently shot to death. Signs left next to the bodies read: "This is what is going to happen to all thieves and extortionists.” In rural western Jalisco state four suspects were killed and 17 arrested in an hours-long gun battle between members of a criminal gang and soldiers and police.
    (AP, 10/9/09)
2009        Oct 9, Stephen Pechenik (78), the president of a San Antonio company, pleaded guilty to charges that he conspired to receive and sell petroleum stolen from Mexico's oil giant, Petroleos Mexicanos, or Pemex. He was the 4th Texas oil executive to plead guilty to felony charges of conspiring to receive and sell stolen petroleum condensate. Much of the Mexican oil rustling was traced to the Zetas, a criminal group founded by former military commandos.
    (SFC, 12/15/09, p.A26)(http://tinyurl.com/yjs42ms)

2009        Oct 10, Mexico’s President Felipe Calderon dispatched over 1,000 federal policemen to occupy the offices of Luz y Fuerza del Centro, the state-owned electricity distributor for Mexico City and its surroundings. The Federal Electricity Commission, which provides service to the rest of the country, took over for Luz y Fuerza, which had been established in 1994 by presidential decree. The company’s fat salaries and pensions cost the government some $3 billion a year and lost 30% of its power thru illicit connections and technical failures. 
    (Econ, 10/17/09, p.50)

2009        Oct 14, Mexico’s Supreme Court ruled that the governor of southern Oaxaca state is responsible for rights abuses during 2006 protests that paralyzed Oaxaca and left least a dozen people dead.
    (AP, 10/14/09)

2009        Oct 15, In Mexico some 33,000 people marched to protest President Felipe Calderon's weekend decision to disband Luz y Fuerza, a public electricity company that provided electricity to Mexico City and the surrounding area. Police officers found the decapitated bodies of 9 men in an abandoned pickup truck on a highway in the drug-plagued Mexican state of Guerrero.
    (AP, 10/16/09)

2009        Oct 16, A Mexican government report said the use of cocaine doubled in Mexico over the last six years, partly because the drug became more available in the country. The Mexican navy enacted new rules prohibiting sailors from shooting at vehicles that try to evade land checkpoints unless they are fired on or feel that their lives or others' are in danger.
    (AP, 10/17/09)

2009        Oct 17, Mexican police in Tijuana found a man's nude, mutilated body hung by the neck from an expressway overpass, the 2nd such grisly discovery in 9 days. Police reported finding the mutilated body of a woman in a reservoir in another part of Tijuana. The woman's hands and head were missing. A shootout between gunmen and police killed one officer and a gunman and wounded two policemen. Tijuana investigators found five assault rifles and vests with federal prosecutors' insignia in three vehicles thought used by the attackers.
    (AP, 10/17/09)

2009        Oct 19, It was reported that Mexican biologists and park workers were racing to fell as many as 9,000 fir trees, infected with deadly bark beetles, and bury or extract infested wood before the orange-and-black monarchs start arriving in late October to spend the winter bunched together on branches, carpeting the trees.
    (AP, 10/19/09)

2009        Oct 20, In Hidalgo, Mexico, police found the body of a young man, about 16 years old, who was found dead with two bullets in his head, his genitals cut off and a warning note stabbed into his chest.
    (AP, 10/22/09)

2009        Oct 22, Mexican police detained five suspected associates of the Gulf drug cartel for alleged involvement in violent clashes that killed four people in the central Mexican state of Hidalgo. The suspects were said to be affiliated with the Zetas, the drug ring's hit men.
    (AP, 10/28/09)
2009        Oct 22, US authorities arrested over 300 people in 38 cities in a sting against Mexico’s La Familia drug operations in the US. At least 84 were arrested in Dallas as part of Operation Coronado.
    (SFC, 10/23/09, p.A12)(SFC, 12/12/09, p.A4)

2009        Oct 23, In Colorado Miguel Angel Caro Quintero (46), a Mexican drug kingpin, pleaded guilty in Denver to federal drug and racketeering charges. He had led the Sonora Cartel in the 1980s and faced up to 20 years in prison.
    (SFC, 10/24/09, p.A5)

2009        Oct 26, In Mexico a band of thieves swarmed into a railroad facility and held security guards at gunpoint while making off with three dozen new automobiles and trucks from a storage lot west of the capital.
    (AP, 10/28/09)

2009        Oct 27, Mexican police arrested Abel Valadez Oribe (32), who they say headed the operations of the "La Familia" drug cartel in the western state of Michoacan. Police found dismembered remains of a man in plastic bags by the side of a road in Uruapan, another city in Michoacan. In Tijuana a teenage girl (15) was killed by a stray bullet during a shootout between police and gunmen. Reporters in Tijuana were invited by military officials to a private, industrial property about 100 feet south of San Diego's Otay Mesa border crossing where Mexican soldiers discovered a secret tunnel complete with electricity and an air supply that may have been planned for smuggling migrants or drugs under the US border into San Diego. 4 police officers were killed by assailants who opened fired on them during a traffic stop in the central Mexico city of Puebla.
    (AP, 10/27/09)(AP, 10/28/09)

2009        Oct 29, Mexican authorities said a woman's body was found buried headfirst in a plastic container of cement in drug-plagued Tijuana.
    (AP, 10/29/09)

2009        Oct 30, Mexican authorities said they have detained a large-scale drug trafficker and also broken up a ring in Cuernavaca that allegedly laundered around $37 million for a drug cartel. The army says it detained Oscar Orlando Nava Valencia, the alleged leader of the "Valencia" drug gang, and nine alleged associates in the western state of Jalisco. Rights activists in the border city of Tijuana have hung 5,100 small white crosses on the fence straddling the US frontier to commemorate migrants who have died trying to cross. Margarito Montes Parra, the leader of a farmworkers' organization, and 14 other people were killed in a mass shooting in the northern state of Sonora. Local news media reported that Montes had led peasant and squatters' movements involved in land seizures and that his group has sometimes had violent clashes with rival claimants to land.
    (AP, 10/31/09)(SSFC, 11/1/09, p.A6)

2009        Oct 31, In Mexico Mayor Mauricio Fernandez told cheering supporters in San Pedro Garza Garcia, near Monterrey, that "Black Saldana, who apparently is the one who was asking for my head, was found dead today in Mexico City." Hours later Mexican officials found four bound bodies in a sport utility vehicle with hand-lettered messages identifying the dead men as kidnappers. Hector “Black” Soldana was not identified for another 2 days. Fernandez later said US authorities had tipped him off that somebody intercepted cartel communications and learned Saldana was planning to kill him, and he said unspecified intelligence sources told him Saldana was dead hours before the bodies were found.
    (AP, 11/2/09)(AP, 11/3/09)

2009        Nov 1, Mexican soldiers in the border city of Tijuana detained a group of 13 suspects after a shootout that wounded a soldier and a gunman. Soldiers raided and destroyed three methamphetamine labs in the western state of Michoacan. The raids netted five suspects and more than two metric tons of apparent methamphetamine.
    (AP, 11/2/09)

2009        Nov 2, In Mexico El Tiempo de Durango journalist Jose Bladimir Antuna was kidnapped in the morning. Authorities found his body the same night in a vacant lot in the Durango state capital, about 400 miles southwest of Laredo, Texas. The bodies of three men with bullet and knife wounds were found by relatives in the southern state of Guerrero.
    (AP, 11/4/09)

2009        Nov 3, Mexican police and soldiers killed Miguel Angel Meneses, a federal agent driving one of three cars that ignored orders to stop in Chihuahua, triggering a chase and gunbattle. Federal police and navy personnel shot to death a top Zetas cartel suspect in the Gulf coast state of Veracruz. The navy said suspect Braulio Arellano Dominguez was the reputed leader of the Zetas, a gang of hit men tied to the Gulf Cartel.
     (AP, 11/4/09)(AP, 11/7/09)

2009        Nov 4, Mexican authorities said 3 doctors and a nurse have been arrested for allegedly selling newborns after telling mothers their babies had died at a private hospital in Mexico City.
    (AP, 11/4/09)
2009        Nov 4, In Mexico floods killed at least three people in the Gulf coast state of Tabasco where authorities struggled to persuade thousands of people to leave their inundated homes. Heavy rains have caused several rivers to overflow their banks flooding the homes of more than 50,000 people.
    (AP, 11/4/09)
2009        Nov 4, In Mexico a gang of gunmen killed Sgt. David Booher, an off-duty US airman, and five other people at a strip club in the border city of Ciudad Juarez. A group of gunmen, believed to belong to the Gulf cartel, arrived at the home of Garcia Mayor Jaime Rodriguez to give him a "scare." As the group was leaving, they crossed paths with Brig. Gen. Juan Arturo Ezparza, who was driving to the mayor's home after hearing about the threat. The gunmen sprayed Ezparza's car with bullets, killing him along two former soldiers and two municipal police officers escorting the general. Kidnappers snatched an American woman (21) from her car in Tijuana and threatened to kill her unless they were paid $200,000. She was released on Nov 7 and 3 kidnappers were arrested.
    (Reuters, 11/5/09)(SFC, 11/5/09, p.A2)(AP, 11/6/09)(AP, 11/9/09)

2009        Nov 5, Five Mexican police officers and five other suspects were arrested in the investigation into the assassination of Brig. Gen. Juan Arturo Ezparza, who had been appointed police chief of the northern Mexican town of Garcia over the weekend. 3 bullet-ridden bodies were found in different towns around the Pacific coast state of Guerrero. The bodies all had their hands and feet tied and were found next to threatening messages. One was found along the highway connecting the resort towns of Acapulco and Zihuatanejo. The Mexican army seized a shipment of almost a quarter-ton of opium in the country's northern mountains, one of the largest such seizures made in Mexico. A policeman was killed and four other were wounded in an attack by gunmen in Guerrero state. Another body was found in the Gulf coast state of Veracruz with its arms and legs mutilated and its head hacked off.
    (AP, 11/6/09)(AP, 11/7/09)

2009        Nov 6, Mexican police caught Marco Antonio Ibarra in the northern city of Culiacan. The former prison official had spent a year on the run from charges of killing a 19-year-old inmate, whose beating death in Sep, 2008, sparked riots that left nearly two dozen dead, including two American prisoners. Noel Martinez, a district supervisor for the police in Ciudad Juarez, was shot and killed inside his car.
    (AP, 11/7/09)(SFC, 11/7/09, p.A2)

2009        Nov 9, In Mexico gunmen burst into an Alcoholics Anonymous meeting and opened fire in a violence-plagued Chihuahua City, killing one person and wounding four others. In the Pacific coast state of Colima state police captured Aaron Lopez Garcia (31), a violent gang member who was one of America's 15 most wanted fugitives by US Marshals.
    (AP, 11/11/09)

2009        Nov 10, In Mexico Tabasco authorities announced that police had detained 7 suspected members of the Zetas drug gang, including two teenagers. In the northern city of Culiacan, the capital of Sinaloa state, a man's tortured body was found hanging from a highway overpass. The unidentified man had his hands tied behind his back and was hung by the neck. Monterrey Mayor Fernando Larrazabal said that 276 traffic police officers and administrative officials were fired for failing tests designed to detect corruption and ineptitude. 526 officers who performed poorly were ordered to undergo more training, and 340 were determined fit for the job.
    (AP, 11/11/09)

2009        Nov 11, In Mexico reporter Maria Esther Aguilar, who wrote about organized crime, disappeared in western Michoacan state.
    (AP, 11/20/09)
2009        Nov 11, Forbes Magazine named drug lord Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman, a fugitive reputed to be hiding in the mountains of northern Mexico, to its list of the 67 "World's Most Powerful People." Business groups in the Mexican border city of Ciudad Juarez said they are calling for UN peacekeepers to quell the drug-related violence that has given their city one of the highest homicide rates in the world.
    (AP, 11/12/09)

2009        Nov 13, In Mexico a 7-year-old boy, three women and a university professor were among 15 people killed in 6 separate incidents in the border city of Ciudad Juarez.
    (AP, 11/14/09)

2009        Nov 16, In Mexico federal police officer Luis Angel Leon Rodriguez disappeared along with six fellow police as they headed to the western state of Michoacan to fight drug traffickers.
    (AP, 12/22/12)

2009        Nov 20, In Mexico Jesus Zambada Reyes, identified as the nephew of drug lord Ismael "El Mayo" Zambada, was found dead in an apparent suicide in Guerrero state. A body found in Guerrero state was identified as Omar Guerrero Solis, a rebel leader who had accused the state governor of drug ties. Solis told local media in May that he believed Gov. Zeferino Torreblanca had ties to the Sinaloa cartel. He accused the army of not detaining Sinaloa gunmen, while cracking down on members of the rival Beltran Leyva cartel. US citizen Lizbeth Marin was shot in Matamoros and later died of the wound. A Mexican army soldier was said to have accidentally fired a round that hit Marin.
    (AP, 11/21/09)(AP, 11/24/09)

2009        Nov 27, Bison returned to Mexico for the first time since the 1800s, with Mexican authorities releasing 23 donated US animals in northern Chihuahua state. The donated bison came from the Wind Cave National Park in South Dakota.
    (AP, 11/27/09)

2009        Nov 29, In Mexico weekend violence left 17 people dead. 7 women were murdered, including one (19) who was beheaded in the southern beach resort of Cancun. 4 of the women were killed in Ciudad Juarez, where two were shot to death, another beaten with a baseball bat and a fourth, a school teacher, also was beaten to death. 2 women were found shot to death in Mexicali. Jesus Alfredo Portillo (27), a university student and rights activist, was killed in Ciudad Juarez. Her mother-in-law and women's group founder Marisela Ortiz had recently complained of death threats against her. Elsewhere, 8 men were found murdered in northern Chihuahua state, 5 of them in Ciudad Juarez.
    (AP, 11/29/09)(AFP, 12/1/09)

2009        Dec 1, In Mexico City gunmen burst in to a Starbucks coffee shop and killed a former policeman who was a protected witness in a drug corruption case, the second death of a high-profile witness in Mexico in less than two weeks. Edgar Bayardo was gunned down in the upper middle-class Del Valle neighborhood, and a man with him was severely wounded.
    (AP, 12/1/09)

2009        Dec 2, Mexican President Felipe Calderon said that cartels are seeking to control territory by sinking drug money into political campaigns and buying off officials before they are even elected. Gunmen shot and killed Lawyer Eleuterio Cachu Ortiz, a former police commander and opposition politician, in his office in the Mexican border town of Tijuana.
    (AP, 12/2/09)(AFP, 12/3/09)

2009        Dec 3, Mexico City police freed 107 people who were forced to work under slave-like conditions in a clandestine factory making shopping bags and clothing clasps.
    (AP, 12/4/09)

2009        Dec 4, In northern Mexico a pair of shootouts between troops and gunmen killed 13 people in a suburb of Monterrey, including a bystander and a drug trafficker linked to the killing of a retired army officer. Almanza Morales, killed in the attack, was accused of working for the Zetas, drug traffickers who also serve as enforcers for the Mexican Gulf cartel, and of killing army Brig. Gen. Juan Arturo Esparza and his four bodyguards in a November attack.
    (AP, 12/5/09)

2009        Dec 6, In Mexico thousands of people dressed in white demanded soldiers leave Ciudad Juarez, the country's most violent city, accusing troops of provoking a surge in drug-war killings and running protection rackets.
    (Reuters, 12/6/09)

2009        Dec 8, Amnesty International released a report that said Mexican soldiers have carried out torture and forced disappearances while fighting drug cartels. A student's body was found in a truck at an intersection in Ciudad Juarez. He was the second student from the Autonomous University of Chihuahua to be killed since Dec 5.
    (AP, 12/9/09)(AP, 12/10/09)

2009        Dec 9, In Mexico the bound, bullet-riddled bodies of seven men were found along a highway in Chihuahua state. 2 federal agents were killed in separate attacks in the cities of Uruapan and Lazaro Cardenas, Michoacan state. Police found four mutilated bodies near a middle school in Chilpancingo, state capital of drug-plagued Guerrero state.
    (AP, 12/10/09)(AP, 12/11/09)

2009        Dec 10, In Mexico 2 federal agents were killed in a shootout with gunmen in the port city of Lazaro Cardenas. Earlier in the day, a passer-by was killed in the same city when he drove into a shootout between agents and gunmen outside a hotel where the federal police officers were staying. Three more officers who had been wounded last evening in an attack in the town of Apatzingan died at a hospital.
    (AP, 12/11/09)

2009        Dec 11, Mexico's foreign minister met with Cuban President Raul Castro for three hours, the latest sign her country and the island have repaired recently chilly relations.
    (AP, 12/11/09)
2009        Dec 11, In Mexico police found the bodies of three women and two men inside a home in the town of Almoloya de Juarez. A third man died on the way to a hospital. Soldiers raided a drug cartel's Christmas party south of Mexico City, outside the mountain town of Tepoztlan. They found 16 automatic rifles, $280,000 in cash, and  Latin Grammy winner Ramon Ayala and his norteno band, Los Bravos del Norte. 3 gunmen were killed and 11 others suspected of working for the Beltran Leyva drug cartel were detained.
    (AP, 12/11/09)(AP, 12/15/09)

2009        Dec 15, Mexican authorities found the decapitated bodies of four men in the border city of Tijuana. A grenade attack on a police station in western Mexico wounded a pregnant woman and her 3-year-old daughter. US officials delivered five helicopters to Mexico to help the country in its fight against drug cartels. 7 vehicles were burned in Mexico City. Investigators found evidence linking an animal rights group to homemade bombs that burned the cars.
    (AP, 12/15/09)(AP, 12/16/09)

2009        Dec 16, In Mexico 200 sailors raided an upscale apartment complex and killed a reputed Mexican drug cartel chief in a two-hour gunbattle. Arturo Beltran Leyva, the "boss of bosses," and three members of his cartel were slain in the shootout in Cuernavaca. Beltran Levya was one of five brothers who split from the Sinaloa Cartel several years ago and aligned themselves with Los Zetas, a group of former soldiers hired by the rival Gulf Cartel as hit men. The severed heads of 6 state police investigators were found at a public plaza in Cuencame, Durango state.
    (AP, 12/17/09)(SFC, 12/17/09, p.A2)

2009        Dec 17, In Mexico four suspected drug traffickers and two local policemen were killed in a shootout with soldiers in General Zuazua. Soldiers found a list with names of local policemen who may have been on the payroll of the drug gang. They also found more than 1,320 pounds (600 kg) of marijuana and several guns at the scene.
    (AP, 12/18/09)

2009        Dec 18, Mexican police found six bullet-ridden, decomposing bodies near a highway leading to a Mexican resort on the Gulf of California. The six men were found half-buried on a dirt road off the highway frequently used by tourists from Arizona to reach the Puerto Penasco resort, widely known as Rocky Point. Gunmen killed Pedro Picasso (34), assistant football coach of Mexico first-division team Indios, in the border city Ciudad Juarez. A 2nd, unidentified person also died in the shooting at a cell phone shop. The bound and burned bodies of 8 men were found in the central Mexico state of Queretaro. Gunmen killed four police officers in a series of attacks on patrol cars in the border city of Ciudad Juarez. Police captured Jesus Basilio Araujo, also known by the nickname "The Chicken," a suspected lieutenant of the Beltran Leyva drug cartel linked to more than 109 execution-style killings.
    (AP, 12/18/09)(AP, 12/19/09)

2009        Dec 19, Mexican authorities announced that Salomon Tagle, a suspect in the high-profile 2005 kidnapping of businessman Hugo Alberto Wallace, has been taken into custody in Mexico. Tagle was expelled from the Dominican Republic flown to Mexico, where he was taken into custody on kidnapping charges. Wallace’s mother, Maria Isabel Miranda, frustrated with investigators' lack of progress in her son's case, had launched her own probe and a public campaign to press for justice.
    (AP, 12/20/09)

2009        Dec 21, Mexico City lawmakers made the city the first in Latin America to legalize same-sex marriage, a change that will give homosexual couples more rights, including allowing them to adopt children.
    (AP, 12/21/09)
2009        Dec 21, In Mexico construction began on the Palace of the Maya Civilization Museum in Yucatan state.
    (SSFC, 12/27/09, p.A22)

2009        Dec 22, In Mexico assailants gunned down the mother, aunt and siblings of Melquisedet Angulo (30), a marine killed in the Dec 16 raid that took out Arturo Beltran Leyva, one of Mexico's most powerful cartel leaders. This sent a chilling message to troops battling the drug war: You go after us, we wipe out your families. Gunmen sprayed bullets at a restaurant in Piedras Negras where the mayor of a Texas border town was eating with a Mexican state attorney general and other officials. A woman leaving the building was killed. Journalist Alberto Velazquez of the newspaper Expresiones de Tulum was gunned down this week as he left a holiday party in the Mexican Caribbean resort town of Tulum, bringing to 12 the number of reporters killed this year in the country.
    (AP, 12/22/09)(AP, 12/25/09)

2009        Dec 23, A Mexican military Bell 212 helicopter crashed in the Pacific coast state of Guerrero, killing an air force sergeant and seriously injuring two soldiers. US officials recently delivered five Bell helicopters of a different model to Mexico as part of the "Merida Initiative" for aiding the Mexican campaign to curb drug trafficking.
    (AP, 12/23/09)

2009        Dec 25, Mexican authorities in the state of Chihuahua found the bullet-riddled bodies of six members of the same family in a mountainous area. Esther Chavez (73), a women's rights activist who first drew attention to the brutal slayings of women in the border city of Ciudad Juarez, died. She was the founder of Casa Amiga, a shelter for female victims of violence in Ciudad Juarez.
    (AP, 12/26/09)(AP, 12/27/09)

2009        Dec 29, Mexico City enacted Latin America's first law recognizing gay marriage and said it hopes to attract same-sex couples from around the world to wed.
    (AP, 12/29/09)
2009        Dec 29, In Mexico Luis "El Gil" Sanchez (29) was arrested in Ensenada, about 50 miles (80km) south of Tijuana. Sanchez was the alleged leader of at least 10 criminal cells working for Teodoro Garcia Simental, a renegade lieutenant who broke away from the Arellano Felix cartel. Gunmen attacked a car dealership and an adjacent hospital in the border city of Tijuana, forcing the evacuation of some patients. The attackers doused about 10 cars at the dealership with gasoline and set them alight. Cartels commonly extort "protection" fees from businesses, which are sometimes firebombed if their owners refuse to pay.
    (AP, 12/30/09)

2009        Dec 30, Mexican police captured alleged drug lord Carlos Beltran Leyva, just two weeks after his even more powerful brother was killed in a shootout with troops. The bound, beaten bodies of two men were found hanging by their necks from a highway overpass in Los Mochis, northern Sinaloa state, along with a handwritten message from a drug cartel. The message written on a piece of cardboard said in part that "this territory already has an owner." In Ciudad Juarez 12 people, including a 3-year-old child, were slain in shootings. Linea Directa radio station reporter Jose Luis Romero was forced at gunpoint out of a Los Mochis restaurant. Romero’s body was found on Jan 16, 2010.
    (AP, 12/30/09)(AP, 1/3/10)(AP, 1/16/10)

2009        Dec 31, In Mexico Roberto Salcedo (33), an assistant principal and Southern California school board member, was killed while he and his wife were visiting relatives in Gomez Palacio.
    (AP, 1/31/10)

2009        In Mexico the number of drug related killings this year rose to 6,600.
    (Econ, 3/27/10, p.41)

2010        Jan 1, In Mexico gunmen killed Jesus Escalante, the chief police investigator in the northern state of Sinaloa, hours after he started investigating the kidnapping of Jose Luis Romero (40), a local radio journalist. Mexico opened the New Year with 69 murders in one day, including 26 in the border city of Ciudad Juarez. Mexico’s drug related killings for 2009 totaled over 6,500.
    (AP, 1/2/10)(SFC, 1/12/10, p.A2)

2010        Jan 2, In northern Mexico a bus carrying farm workers and their families home plunged off a cliff, killing 14 people and injuring 21. Hugo Hernandez (36) was kidnapped in Sonora state and taken to neighboring Sinaloa state where assailants skinned his face and stitched it onto a soccer ball. His body was later left on the streets of Los Mochis in seven pieces.
    (AP, 1/3/10)(AP, 1/8/10)

2010        Jan 3, In Mexico Josefina Reyes, a human rights activist, was been killed in the border city of Ciudad Juarez.
    (AP, 1/8/10)

2010        Jan 4, Solis Palma, a Mexican migrant, was shot and killed after he reportedly attacked a US Border Patrol agent in southern Arizona with rocks.
    (AP, 1/6/10)

2010        Jan 6, In Tijuana, Mexico, three 16-year-old students, two boys and a girl, were killed.  At least one of the victims was a known drug dealer who frequently missed classes and sometimes peddled narcotics at or near the school.
    (AP, 1/8/10)

2010        Jan 7, In Mexico gunmen attacked an army patrol in the western state of Michoacan with assault rifles and grenades, touching off a gunbattle that killed a soldier and four suspects.
    (AP, 1/8/10)

2010        Jan 8, In Mexico a major regional newspaper in the northern city of Saltillo  announced it would stop covering drug violence altogether after the body of a reporter was found outside a motel with a threatening message. Valentin Valdes (28) had written about the Dec. 29 arrests at the Marbella Motel of five alleged members of the Gulf drug cartel. He also covered the arrests on Jan 6 of five others who barged into the same hotel and stole the surveillance tapes. All 60 policemen in the embattled town of Tancitaro were fired because they had failed to stop a series of killings and other crimes. Michoacan state police and soldiers planned to take over security duties in the town. In Ciudad Juarez a man's body was found on a street with its hands and head cut off. Another man's body, with its head cut off and eyes gouged out, was found elsewhere in the city and two women's bodies were found in a vacant lot. The body of a man whose legs had been surgically amputated some time ago was also found on a dirt road on the outskirts of Ciudad Juarez. A man riding a bicycle was shot to death in the city. 5 people were killed in drive-by shootings and a group of 3 men were shot to death at a fast-food restaurant near a school.
    (AP, 1/8/10)(AP, 1/9/10)

2010        Jan 11, Dutch brewer Heineken said it will buy the beer-making operations of Mexico’s Femsa, the maker of Dos Equis and Sol beers, in an all-share deal valued at $5.5 billion, excluding debt.
    (SFC, 1/12/10, p.D3)

2010        Jan 12, In Mexico druglord Teodoro Garcia Simental, known as "El Teo," was seized by federal troops when they stormed a seaside vacation home near the southern tip of the Baja California peninsula. He was accused of ordering massacres, beheadings and the dissolving of bodies in caustic soda.
    (AP, 1/13/10)

2010        Jan 13, In Mexico hundreds of troops in combat gear fanned out in Ciudad Juarez, where 2,650 people died in narco violence last. Public Security Minister Genaro Garcia Luna said 2,000 federal police reinforcements would arrive over the next few days.
    (Reuters, 1/14/10)

2010        Jan 15, Manuel Acosta (42), the lead investigator in the Dec 31 slaying in Mexico of Roberto Salcedo, a Southern California school board member, was shot several times in the chest and torso, but survived in critical condition. He succumbed to his wounds on Jan 26.
    (AP, 1/31/10)

2010        Jan 16, Mexican authorities seized over 3 1/2 tons of pseudoephedrine, a chemical used in the illicit manufacture of methamphetamine, found hidden in a shipment of fire extinguishers at the Pacific coast seaport of Manzanillo.
    (AP, 1/18/10)

2010        Jan 17, In Mexico a severed human head and a flower were found in front of the tomb of deceased Mexican drug lord Arturo Beltran Leyva. Police found the bodies of five men scattered around the Michoacan state capital of Morelia, each bearing a handwritten note suggesting they were killed by vigilantes.
    (AP, 1/18/10)(AP, 1/17/10)
2010        Jan 17, A small boat packed with illegal immigrants overturned before dawn off the San Diego coast at Torrey Pines State Park. One person died and 5 were injured. 16 people, all Mexican citizens, were accounted for.
    (SSFC, 1/17/10, p.A14)(SFC, 1/18/10, p.A6)

2010        Jan 19, In Mexico "El Teo" Teodoro Garcia Simental, an alleged drug kingpin blamed for much of Tijuana's gang violence, was ordered to face trial. The military said it caught three purported members of his gang about to dissolve a body in chemicals. State police found the bodies of four young men in an abandoned car near a hotel in Guerrero's capital, Chilpancingo. A police report said the men appeared to have been asphyxiated by plastic tape covering their faces.
    (AP, 1/20/10)(AP, 1/20/10)
2010        Jan 19, Mexico’s telecommunications mogul Carlos Slim pledged $65 million for genetic research on cancer, type 2 diabetes and kidney disease.
    (AP, 1/20/10)

2010        Jan 20, Mexican authorities found seven corpses in two abandoned cars between the resort communities of Acapulco and Zihuatanejo along with written messages referring to drug cartels. 24 inmates were killed and several others injured during a prison brawl at a penitentiary in northern Durango city. 4 days of rain unleashed heavy flooding in parts of the border city of Tijuana, killing a 5-year-old girl and leaving at least 10 other people missing.
    (AP, 1/20/10)(AP, 1/20/10)(AP, 1/22/10)

2010        Jan 22, Police in Mexico City rescued 150 ferrets from armed robbers after a high speed chase. 14 boxes of ferrets imported from the US were taken by force by 3 robbers from a truck after it left the Mexico City airport. Two suspects were under arrest and another escaped.
    (AP, 1/22/10)

2010        Jan 23, In southern Mexico about 150 migrants were pulled off a train by unidentified assailants in the state of Oaxaca. On Jan 26 a Salvadoran official  filed a complaint with Mexican officials saying 3 men were slain and 4 women were raped in the attack.
    (AP, 1/26/10)

2010        Jan 27, Mexican authorities found a man's head and a threatening message referring to the La Familia drug cartel in the town square of Quiroga, Michoacan state. A headless body was found 60 miles (100km) away.
    (AP, 1/27/10)

2010        Jan 29, Mexican authorities found the decapitated bodies of six men in Acahuato, Michoacan state. A group of at least a dozen armed men attacked a federal police convoy, opening fire on the vehicles from a highway overpass near the city of Maravatio, also in Michoacan, killing 5 officers and wounding 7. Four severely beaten men were seen walking along a busy street in the Michoacan town of Zamora carrying messages signed by La Familia. In Ciudad Juarez a group of rifle-bearing attackers opened fire on a family in a truck, killing a man, a woman and injuring a 5-month-old baby. A woman was later killed inside an ice cream parlor, a chase through the Galeana neighborhood left two dead, and a man was killed and a pregnant woman was injured in a spray of bullets in another part of town. Six more people were killed later in the day in four different locations, and when dawn broke the two decapitated bodies were found. Journalist Ochoa Martinez, director of El Sol de la Costa, was shot in the face as he left a food stand in the town of Ayutla. His small newspaper covered mostly local politics and community issues southeast of Acapulco.
    (AP, 1/29/10)(AP, 1/31/10)(AP, 2/2/10)
2010        Jan 29, In Mexico a Texas man and his girlfriend were sentenced to nine years in prison for recruiting Mexican women to give birth in the US and sell their babies to couples there. Amado Torres, of Harlingen, Texas, and Maria Isabel Hernandez, of Mexico, had allegedly paid women up to $3,000 for their newborns.
    (AP, 2/10/10)

2010        Jan 30, In Mexico armed men stormed a party, killing 15 high school and college students in Ciudad Juarez in what witnesses thought was an attack prompted by false information. Ten people were found dead at the scene and six died at hospitals. An official later said gunmen were directed to the neighborhood by a resident who said members of a rival gang were planning a party.
    (AP, 2/2/10)(AP, 2/4/10)

2010        Jan 31, Mexican President Felipe Calderon arrived in Japan for a three-day visit, as the countries mark 400 years of official ties.
    (AFP, 1/31/10)

2010        Feb 1, In Mexico armed men burst into a bar Ciudad Juarez around dawn and killed four men and a woman. Gunmen killed 10 people and wounded 15 in a bar in Torreon, a city in the northern state of Coahuila. A shootout that began in a shopping center and spilled onto a highway in Torreon caused the death of 7 suspected Zetas gunmen and one federal police officer while freeing two kidnap victims. The La Familia gang, strung up about a dozen banners in the western state of Michoacan urging the public at large and other gangs to form a common "resistance" front against the Zetas.
    (AP, 2/2/10)(AP, 2/3/10)
2010        Feb 1, US Customs and Border Protection officers seized nearly a ton of marijuana hidden in a banana shipment at a cargo facility near the US-Mexico border. Officers opened boxes in a truck and found 235 packages of pot worth an estimated $1.1 million.
    (AP, 2/2/10)

2010        Feb 4, In Denver Miguel Angel Caro Quintero (46) was sentenced to 17 years in federal prison for racketeering in Colorado and conspiracy to distribute marijuana in Arizona. His Sonora cartel was tied to the 1985 torture and killing of an undercover Drug Enforcement Administration agent, Enrique "Kiki" Camarena Salazar.
    (AP, 2/5/10)

2010        Feb 5, Mexican authorities said they have found the decapitated bodies of six men in the western state of Michoacan. In central Mexico a landslide killed at least 11 people, adding to 18 deaths this week from severe and unseasonable winter storms that closed schools and freeways and flooded thousands of homes.
    (AP, 2/5/10)(AP, 2/6/10)

2010        Feb 6, In Mexico gunmen killed six people at a bar in Mazatlan, Sinaloa state. In Ciudad Juarez authorities announced the arrest of In the border city of Ciudad Juarez, authorities on Saturday announced the arrest of a second suspect in last week's massacre of 15 people, many of them teenagers with no known criminal ties, the second suspect in last week's massacre of 15 people, many of them teenagers with no known criminal ties.
    (AP, 2/6/10)

2010        Feb 8, Mexican federal police arrested Raydel Lopez Uriarte and Manuel Garcia Simental, suspected leaders of the cartel headed by Teodoro Garcia Simental, who was captured in La Paz on Jan. 12. The drug cartel had terrorized Tijuana for several years. The military announced that soldiers had seized more than 12 tons of marijuana found beneath a false floor of a tractor trailer. The drugs were found during a routine search at a checkpoint near San Felipe, a town in the central part of the Baja California peninsula. Federal police arrested five Tijuana police officers along with six cartel members who were holding two rival gangsters captive. The arrests were based on information obtained following the capture of Uriarte and Manuel Garcia Simental. Two of the officers, Francisco Ortega and Juan Carlos Espinoza, had been recently lauded as part of a new breed of honest cop. 3 marines died in a shootout that also killed three suspected gang members in the border town of Reynosa.
    (AP, 2/8/10)(AP, 2/10/10)(AP, 2/24/10)

2010        Feb 13, In Mexico hundreds of people marched against the drug gang violence besieging the border city of Ciudad Juarez, gathering at a bridge where they simulated the massacre of a group of teenagers last month. Police, meanwhile, found the bullet-ridden bodies of five men, missing since Feb 6., in a town in the southwestern corner of Chihuahua state. A decapitated body was found dumped beside the highway leading into Acapulco.
    (AP, 2/13/10)

2010        Feb 16, Mexican authorities found the decapitated bodies of five men in the town of Escuinapa, Sinaloa state. 2 of the heads were missing their ears and two more had a "Z" carved on their backs in an apparent reference to the Zetas drug gang.
    (AP, 2/17/10)

2010        Feb 18, Vicente Zambada Niebla (34), a man accused of being an influential, second-generation member of the Sinaloa drug cartel, was extradited from Mexico to the US on charges he helped move tons of cocaine from Colombia to California, New York and Chicago.
    (AP, 2/18/10)
2010        Feb 18-2010 Mar 3, In the northern Mexican border city of Reynosa 8 journalists were kidnapped over a period of two weeks in a wave of abductions unprecedented in the Western Hemisphere. Two were released alive and one was found dead with signs of torture.
    (AP, 3/11/10)

2010        Feb 19, In Mexico one officer was killed and two others wounded when they were ambushed in Nogales, across the border from the Arizona city of the same name. The officers were responding to an apparently false report of a robbery at a beer store when gunmen opened fire on.
    (AP, 2/21/10)

2010        Feb 20, Mexican police found the bound bodies of two men on a highway just outside the Pacific coast resort of Acapulco. The body of a third man, missing its head and limbs, was found in Ciudad Altamirano, an inland city in Guerrero.
    (AP, 2/20/10)

2010        Feb 21, Mexico’s federal police captured Jose Vasquez Villagrana (40), described as a key operator of the powerful Sinaloa cartel, in his home town of Santa Ana. He served briefly in the US army before taking on the trafficking of 2 tons of cocaine a month into the US. 14 deaths were reported in Sinaloa state. In the worst incident, six people, including two women and a minor, were found shot to death in a cemetery in Juan Jose Rios. In the same town, two men were found strangled in a house, one with the cable of an iron and another with a wire hanger.
    (AP, 2/22/10)

2010        Feb 23, In Mexico Latin America and Caribbean leaders, gathered at a summit in Playa de Carmen, united to create a regional bloc excluding Canada and the United States. The bloc's formation is expected to take years and faces many challenges. The leaders agreed to meet again in Venezuela in 2011.
    (AP, 2/24/10)
2010        Feb 23, In Mexico gunmen stormed the southern town of San Vicente Camalote and killed 13 people, including a rancher and his 3 sons. Gunmen attacked the police headquarters in the town of Miguel Aleman. 6 officers were missing and presumed to have been kidnapped. A series of clashes along the northern border killed 6 gunmen and one soldier. 10 soldiers and a police officer were wounded. A small military anti-drug patrol plane was reported missing in northern Mexico. Wreckage of the plane with 3 dead occupants was reported found on Feb 26.
    (AP, 2/24/10)(AP, 2/25/10)(AP, 2/26/10)(AP, 2/26/10)

2010        Feb 24, Mexican police found two severed arms in an icebox, along with a threatening message. Guerrero state police said an anonymous tip led them to the remains in the town of Ciudad Altamirano.
    (AP, 2/24/10)

2010        Feb 25, In Mexico 4 suspected cartel gunmen were killed outside the city of Matamoros after they attacked an army patrol on a highway.
    (AP, 2/26/10)

2010        Feb 27, Mexican authorities said they have arrested a third suspect in the Jan 30 massacre of 15 people in the border city of Ciudad Juarez. Chihuahua state prosecutors said he is a former police officer believed to have worked as a hit man for the Juarez cartel.
    (AP, 2/27/10)

2010        Feb 28, In Mexico Red Cross volunteer Maria Rogers (20) was killed by a stray bullet when gunmen went into a Red Cross hospital in Culiacan, Sinaloa state, trying to finish off a man who had been shot minutes earlier. The man survived.
    (AP, 3/1/10)

2010        Mar 2, Mexico's interior department said prosecutors have detained 10 Mexican immigration agents and three airline workers at Cancun's international airport on suspicion of trafficking Chinese migrants. Oscar Arriola, reputed to have led a cartel that smuggled two tons of cocaine a month into the US before authorities dismantled the ring around 2004, was handed over to US officials and extradited to Colorado.
    (AP, 3/2/10)(Reuters, 3/3/10)

2010        Mar 3, A Mexican woman charged that Rev. Marcial Maciel (1920-2008), the deceased, scandal-tainted founder of the conservative order Legionaries of Christ (1941), led a double life and fathered two children with her.
    (AP, 3/4/10)

2010        Mar 4, Throngs of Mexico City gay and lesbian couples registered for marriage licenses, the day Latin America's first gay-marriage law took effect.
    (AP, 3/4/10)

2010        Mar 5, In Mexico heavily armed gunmen ambushed a convoy of federal police on a highway near the port city of Lazaro Cardenas, Michoacan state, killing two officers and wounding three. Soldiers seized 28,000 pounds of marijuana, seven vehicles and 18 high-powered weapons in Altar, Sonora, 35 miles south of the Arizona border.
    (AP, 3/6/10)

2010        Mar 6, In northern Mexico police in the city of San Nicolas de los Garza, a suburb of the industrial hub of Monterrey, protested hours after three of their colleagues were shot to death in an ambush and a fourth was wounded. Federal police announced the arrest of three men accused of running an extortion ring that targeted Ciudad Juarez businesses. The army announced it had seized 2.6 metric tons of marijuana and detained one suspect in a mountainous area of Chihuahua.
    (AP, 3/7/10)

2010        Mar 9, In Mexico Ramon Pequeno, head of the anti-narcotics division of Mexico's federal police, said that Texas-born Edgar Valdez Villarreal, nicknamed "La Barbie," is battling Hector Beltran Leyva for control of the Beltran Leyva cartel.
    (AP, 3/9/10)

2010        Mar 10, Carlos Slim, Mexican telecom tycoon, jumped past Microsoft founder Bill Gates and investor Warren Buffett when Forbes magazine released its 2010 list of the world's wealthiest.
    (AP, 3/11/10)

2010        Mar 11, In Mexico 2 glowing brides in matching white gowns and four other same-sex couples made history in Mexico City as they wed under Latin America's first law that explicitly approves gay marriage.
    (AP, 3/11/10)
2010        Mar 11, In Mexico gunmen burst into a home in the border city of Ciudad Juarez and opened fire, killing 5 young men and wounding 5 others, including a 10-year-old girl, during a wake being held for a young man shot to death in his car earlier in the week. The death toll rose to 6 the next day after a woman died of wounds suffered in the attack.
    (AP, 3/12/10)(AP, 3/13/10)

2010        Mar 12, In Mexico gunmen burst into a party and killed 8 youths and left another person wounded in the Pacific coast township of Navolato, near the Sinaloa state capital of Culiacan. Evaristo Pacheco, a journalist for the regional weekly Vision Informativa, was shot to death after being snatched from a nightclub in the Guerrero state capital, Chilpancingo.
    (AP, 3/13/10)(AP, 3/15/10)

2010        Mar 13, In Mexico a series of shootings killed 24 people in a Pacific coast state plagued by drug gang violence. Nearly half died in one shootout between soldiers and armed men. Suspected drug gang hit men separately ambushed two cars carrying families with ties to the US consulate in Ciudad Juarez, killing an American couple and a Mexican man. Three young children survived, although two suffered wounds. On March 26 suspect Ricardo Valles de la Rosa (45), a member of the Barrio Azteca gang, was arrested for the US consulate linked killings. A confession by de la Rosa suggested that El Paso jail officer Arthur H. Redelfs was targeted in the Ciudad Juarez shootings that also killed his wife, Lesley A. Enriquez, an employee of the US consulate. The husband of another consulate worker was killed in the other vehicle attacked. In April Mexico arrested a 2nd suspect, a member of the Los Aztecas gang, who confessed to taking part in the killing of a US consulate official. In September Jesus Ernesto Chavez, was extradited to the US, for ordering the killing of Lesley A. Enriquez.
    (AP, 3/14/10)(AP, 3/15/10)(AP, 3/29/10)(AP, 3/31/10)(AFP, 4/23/10)(SSFC, 9/5/10, p.A10)

2010        Mar 15, Mexican marines and Navy personnel announced they had launched a raid against an operations base run by the Zeta drug gang near Monterrey. A convoy of fleeing vehicles opened fire on a Marine helicopter following them. The Marines chased them down, some on foot, and killed eight suspects. Elsewhere in Chihuahua state, running gun battles in the tourist town of Creel left seven people dead and two seriously wounded. Farther south prosecutors reported the bodies of five men were found on the side of a highway. In the Gulf Coast town of Tierra Blanco some 90 city policemen were held for questioning about the kidnapping of undocumented Central American migrants.
    (AP, 3/16/10)(SFC, 3/17/10, p.A2)

2010        Mar 16, Mexico's government announced an austerity plan for trimming general spending $3.2 billion (40.1 billion pesos) over the next three years so it can provide more money for social and infrastructure programs. The military and some security, educational and health services were exempt from the measures.
    (AP, 3/17/10)

2010        Mar 18, In Mexico gunmen in a convoy of six vehicles opened fire on a navy helicopter on a reconnaissance patrol in Fresnillo, outside of Monterrey. Marines aboard the chopper returned fire, killing one of the gunmen as suspected gang members blocked roads in the city.
    (AP, 3/20/10)

2010        Mar 19, In Mexico a shootout between soldiers and gunmen in the northern city of Monterrey killed two bystanders, graduate students studying engineering at Monterrey Tech University. Suspected gang members also blocked roads in the city for the second day, in a bold attempt to impede security patrols. The navy announced the capture of Alberto "Bad Boy" Mendoza, suspected of being a chief cartel operator linked to the Beltran Leyva gang and others in Monterrey.
    (AP, 3/20/10)(AP, 3/22/10)
2010        Mar 19, It was reported that February storms in Michoacan, Mexico, killed some 50-60% of the wintering monarch butterfly population.
    (SFC, 3/19/10, p.A10)

2010        Mar 21, In Mexico gunmen targeting the police chief of a town outside Monterrey killed his bodyguard and wounded three other people. Marquez Compean, a drug suspect, and two others were arrested by Santa Catarina police officers who were part of a convoy carrying Castillo on official business. The next day Compean’s beaten body was found wrapped in a blanket in the nearby city of San Nicolas de los Garza. Rodrigo Medina, governor of the northern state of Nuevo Leon, announced that he was firing 81 state police officers suspected of corruption. 5 men died in Acapulco after they pulled guns on each other during an early morning fight that began as an argument at a wedding the previous night. One man was killed in a following shootout between gunmen riding in separate vehicles.      
    (AP, 3/22/10)(AP, 3/22/10)(AP, 3/24/10)

2010        Mar 22, In Mexico the pre-dawn discovery of two bodies cut into pieces and shoved into two black bags brought a tragic end to a search for two missing police officers in southern Guerrero state. In the nearby resort of Acapulco, police later found another two mutilated bodies and a threatening message outside the house of the city's former deputy traffic police chief.
    (AP, 3/22/10)
2010        Mar 22, In Mexico Paulette Gebara Farah (4), a disabled girl, was reported missing by her parents. On March 30 Her body was found under the mattress of her bed at her wealthy parents' apartment on the outskirts of Mexico City. On May 21 federal investigators she had smothered accidentally and was there the whole time police and family were hunting for her.
    (AP, 4/1/10)(AP, 5/21/10)

2010        Mar 24, Mexican federal police arrested Jose Antonio Medina (36), Mexico's "King of Heroin," a powerful drug trafficker allegedly responsible for running thousands of pounds of heroin into Southern California each year. Medina was accused of moving 440 pounds of heroin into California each month.
    (AP, 3/26/10)(SFC, 3/26/10, p.A4)
2010        Mar 24, President Barack Obama's administration named 54 alleged Mexican drug cartel lieutenants and enforcers as drug kingpins under a law that allows the US government to freeze their bank accounts and penalize their business associates.
    (AP, 3/25/10)

2010        Mar 25, In Mexico police were searching for two prison guards and 40 prisoners who disappeared after a pre-dawn jailbreak in the Mexican city of Matamoros across the border from Brownsville, Texas. Gunmen killed a deputy police chief and his bodyguard in Nogales, Sonora state.
    (AP, 3/25/10)(AP, 3/27/10)

2010        Mar 26, In northern Mexico the decapitated body of Heriberto Cerda, the police chief in Agualeguas, Nuevo Leon state, and the body of his brother were found inside the chief's patrol truck. Late in the day gunmen opened fired on a hotel in downtown Ciudad Juarez where federal agents stay, killing one and wounding two.
    (AP, 3/27/10)

2010        Mar 27, In western Mexico two police officers and two other men have been found shot to death at a gas station in Michoacan state. In Guerrero state a man was found tied up and fatally shot in a car in the resort of Acapulco. The bodies of four men and a woman were found on a rural road in a town not far from the violent border city of Ciudad Juarez. More than 7,000 people gathered in the northern city of Monterrey to protest a wave of violence that has affected the country's third largest city in recent weeks.
    (AP, 3/27/10)

2010        Mar 28, In Mexico gunmen in Durango state killed 10 young people riding in pickup truck when they didn't stop at a gang's illegal roadblock. 3 gunmen died in a clash with soldiers near a park crowded with families in the border city of Nuevo Laredo. Tamaulipas state investigators said police found the bodies of three men who had been shot to death in the town of Miguel Aleman. In the Nuevo Leon city of Santa Catarina, three men and two women were killed in a shootout with soldiers inside a motel.
    (AP, 3/30/10)

2010        Mar 30, In northern Mexico dozens of gunmen mounted rare and apparently coordinated attacks targeting two army garrisons, touching off firefights that killed 18 attackers in the border states of Tamaulipas and Nuevo Leon.
    (AP, 4/1/10)

2010        Mar 31, In Mexico authorities in the Gulf coast state of Tabasco announced that Roberto Rivero Arana, the nephew of reputed Zetas gang leader Heriberto Lazcano, was captured together with Daniel Perez, an acting police chief of Ciudad del Carmen, accused of protecting the Zetas. 4 severed human heads were found in Apatzingan, a town in the western state of Michoacan. In Morelia, the Michoacan state capital, police reported finding the bodies of 3 young men who had been shot to death. Police in the border city of Nogales reported finding the bullet-ridden bodies of 3 men, including a city transport official, on a rural road along with three burned-out vehicles.
    (AP, 4/1/10)

2010        Apr 2, In Mexico 5 gunmen died in a shootout with soldiers in the northern border city of Reynosa, Tamaulipas state. A shootout between rival gangs at a nightclub in Tampico left seven people dead. At least 15 people were killed throughout Tamaulipas. In the border city of Tijuana police found the bodies of 3 men who had been shot to death in a residential area. 13 inmates escaped when armed men stormed a prison in the northern border city of Reynosa. A shootout in Nuevo Laredo between soldiers and suspected drug cartel gunmen killed two children and wounded five of their relatives who were caught in the crossfire. Two suspected gunmen were also killed.
    (AP, 4/2/10)(AP, 4/3/10)(AP, 4/4/10)(AP, 4/6/10)

2010        Apr 3, In Mexico 13 members of a family were traveling in a vehicle in an area where the Defense Department said soldiers were pursing a convoy of gunmen in the northern state of Tamaulipas. 2 boys were killed by soldiers. The army later said the family got caught in crossfire during the confrontation, in which five other members of the family were wounded. In June Mexico's National Human Rights Commission said soldiers apparently altered the crime scene to try to blame the deaths on drug cartel gunmen.
    (AP, 6/16/10)

2010        Apr 4, A 7.3 magnitude earthquake centered just south of the US border near Mexicali killed two people in Mexico and injured at least 100.
    (AP, 4/5/10)

2010        Apr 5, In Mexico five men were killed when gunmen opened fire on their car outside a shopping mall in Mazatlan, in the northeastern state of Sinaloa.
    (AP, 4/6/10)

2010        Apr 6, In Mexico suspected cartel gunmen wounded two soldiers in an unprecedented grenade attack on army housing in the Gulf coast city of Tampico. 7 prison guards were reported arrested for alleged complicity in the April 2 jailbreak in Reynosa. In Guerrero state police found the bodies of two men who were shot to death and had their hands and feet bound with tape. The bodies of 12 murder victims, 8 of them partially burned, were found outside the town of Xalisco, Nayarit state. In Nuevo Leon state gunmen kidnapped Oliver Garcia, police chief of the town of Los Aldamas, from his home and the two officers from police headquarters.
    (AP, 4/6/10)(AP, 4/8/10)

2010        Apr 7, In Mexico police in the border state of Nuevo Leon found the bodies of a police chief and two police officers who had been kidnapped a day earlier. In the central state of Morelos, gunmen attacked the offices of federal prosecutors in the city of Cuernavaca, killing a guard. A bystander was killed during a shootout between gunmen and federal police in the town of Frontera Comalapa, Chiapas state, on the Guatemalan border.
    (AP, 4/8/10)

2010        Apr 8, In Mexico police detained Bruce Beresford-Redman (38), the producer of "Pimp My Ride" and formerly of "Survivor," as a suspect after finding the body of Monica Beresford-Redman in a sewer at Cancun's Moon Palace resort, where the family was on vacation. Authorities determined she died the night of April 5. At least 80 gunmen terrorized the town of Maycoba in Sonora state for several hours and killed four people.
    (AP, 4/9/10)

2010        Apr 9, In central Mexico police found the bodies of two men hanging from a bridge in the city of Cuernavaca, Morelos state, along with a message claiming that federal authorities are protecting an alleged drug kingpin. A late night attacker threw an explosive device over the wall around the US consulate in the border city of Nuevo Laredo, breaking windows and startling employees inside but causing no injuries.
    (AP, 4/10/10)

2010        Apr 10, In Mexico the body of Enrique Villicana Palomares, a columnist for the daily newspaper The Voice of Michoacan, was found in Morelia with his throat slit. He had been reported missing last week after he didn't make it to a university where he taught writing.
    (AP, 4/12/10)

2010        Apr 12, Mexican and US officials said 3 Mexican cartels have joined forces to destroy the Zetas gang of hit men that has grown into a feared drug trafficking outfit with reach into Central America. Police found the body of a man whose face had been skinned in Cuernavaca. In nearby Temixco, a man and his pregnant wife were killed by gunmen who left a threatening message.
    (AP, 4/13/10)

2010        Apr 13, In northern Mexico two soldiers and two gunmen died in a shootout. Soldiers patrolling in the border state of Nuevo Leon gave chase to six suspicious cars that crossed into neighboring Tamaulipas state, where a gunbattle ensued in the town of Comales.
    (AP, 4/15/10)

2010        Apr 14, In Mexico a cargo plane crashed while trying to land overnight in the northern city of Monterrey, killing at least four crew members. A fifth crew member was missing and presumed dead.
    (AP, 4/14/10)
2010        Apr 14, In Mexico a mother and her 8-year-old child, a taxi driver and a federal police officer were among 6 dead in a raging attack on the main boulevard in Acapulco's tourist zone. At least three bystanders also died on the shootout. A federal police statement released the next day said Ernesto Antonio Rocha Reyes (26) was carrying a high-powered assault rifle when authorities, searching for suspects after the attacks, caught him.
    (AP, 4/15/10)

2010        Apr 20, Mexican state police reported that three men were found shot to death in a taxi in Acapulco.
    (AP, 4/21/10)

2010        Apr 21, In Mexico police found the bound bodies of two men in Cuernavaca, alongside a banner that threatened to kill 25 more drug cartel members. The message said 25 of Beltran Leyva's henchmen are being held and interrogated in the Pacific coast resort of Acapulco and would be executed soon. Dozens of gunmen burst into a Holiday Inn and another hotel in the northern city of Monterrey, searching from room-to-room and abducting at least six people. Troops battled a suspected drug gang in a wealthy neighborhood on the outskirts of Mexico City and captured Jose Gerardo Alvarez Vazquez, an alleged major trafficker with a $2 million US bounty on his head. 14 other suspected drug traffickers were arrested in the shootout that left 3 people dead and two alleged traffickers wounded.
    (AP, 4/21/10)(AP, 4/22/10)

2010        Apr 23, In Mexico gunmen ambushed two police vehicles at a busy intersection in Ciudad Juarez, killing 7 officers and a 17-year-old boy who was passing by. Police in the Pacific coast state of Guerrero said they found the bodies of five men who had been shot to death lying on a dirt road near the state capital, Chilpancingo. Three of the men were brothers, all in their 20s. In central Morelos state, federal police and the Mexican army raided two ranch homes and arrested 15 men near the town of Amacuzac. The men were suspected of working for alleged drug trafficker Jose Gerardo Alvarez Vazquez, who was arrested April 21 in Mexico City.
    (AP, 4/24/10)
2010        Apr 23, Arizona’s Gov. Jan Brewer signed into law SB1070, a bill that supporters said would take handcuffs off police in dealing with illegal immigration. Arizona, with an estimated 460,000 illegal immigrants, was the nation's busiest gateway for human and drug smuggling from Mexico.
    (AP, 4/24/10)(Econ, 7/31/10, p.25)
2010        Apr 23, In El Salvador gunmen shot and seriously wounded First Secretary Guillermo Medina Alfaro, a Mexican diplomat who worked with the international police agency Interpol. Police said the diplomat's wife was killed.
    (AP, 4/23/10)

2010        Apr 24, In Mexico gunmen armed with assault rifles and grenades attacked a convoy carrying the top security official of the western state of Michoacan, killing four and wounding 10. In the Pacific coast state of Guerrero, the dismembered bodies of three men were found in plastic bags inside a home outside the resort of Acapulco. A hand-lettered sign blamed the three dead men for the April 14 shooting that killed six people on Acapulco's main boulevard. Prosecutors in Chihuahua state, where Ciudad Juarez is located, announced the arrest of a man suspected of participating in last year's killing of an anti-crime activist and a neighbor, both of whom lived in rural Chihuahua but held dual US citizenship. Ubaldo Rohan was charged with acting as a lookout in the kidnapping of activist Benjamin LeBaron's brother, Eric. After LeBaron protested the kidnapped, he and a neighbor were killed [see July 7, 2009]. 
    (AP, 4/25/10)

2010        Apr 26, Mexico’s Interior Secretary Fernandez Gomez-Mont said drug cartels have changed tactics and are turning more attacks on authorities, rather than focusing their fire on rivals gangs. Troops killed three suspected kidnappers and freed seven of their captives during a raid on a ranch in the northern state of Nuevo Leon. Two rotting bodies were found in a truck near the ranch.
    (AP, 4/26/10)(AP, 4/28/10)

2010        Apr 27, The Mexican Senate passed a measure to make soldiers accountable to civilian courts for abuses involving civilians, and ensure the use of troops in actions like the offensive against drug cartels is temporary. Gunmen attacked a caravan of rights observers and leftists near the restive town of San Juan Copala in southern Oaxaca state, killing Finnish human rights worker Jyri Jaakkola and Mexican political activist Beatriz Carino Trujillo. An Italian man and a Belgian man were still unaccounted for more than 24 hours after the ambush. The National Network of Human Rights Civic Organizations said another Finn, three Mexicans and two journalists from the Mexican magazine Contralinea were also missing. The army reported that it freed 16 hostages at a house in Sabinas Hidalgo, a town near the northern city of Monterrey. One of the hostages was a 1-year-old child. 4 inmates were killed when an armed gang stormed a prison in the northern town of Altamira. 29 officers in four patrol vehicles were detained in the resort city of Acapulco after being stopped and searched by navy personnel. Searchers found a 33-pound (15-kg) bag of marijuana in one of the vehicles and 36 non-regulation firearms overall, mostly machine pistols and assault rifles.
    (AP, 4/27/10)(AP, 4/29/10)(AP, 4/28/10)(AP, 4/29/10)

2010        Apr 28, In Mexico gunmen stormed into a bar, dragged out eight people and killed them in the parking lot, the first of several shootings in Ciudad Juarez that left 16 dead, including a man in a wheelchair. In the Pacific coast state of Guerrero, gunmen killed, Jose Santiago Agustino, the mayor of the small town of Zapotitlan Tablas, while he was in the state capital of Chilpancingo. In 2009 he had complained that a government hospital built in his region more than a decade earlier had never opened.
    (AP, 4/28/10)

2010        Apr 29, Mexican police said that a crowd of villagers in Guerrero state chased down a group of alleged kidnappers, freed their victims and shot 3 men to death. The men had apparently entered the hamlet of La Union, near the coastal resort of Zihuatanejo, and abducted a man and two boys. They allegedly also shot another man to death.
    (AP, 4/29/10)

2010        Apr 30, Mexican authorities rescued two journalists who had been stranded for nearly three days among feuding militants after a caravan of rights activists was caught in a deadly ambush in southern Oaxaca state.
    (AP, 4/30/10)

2010        Apr - 2010 Sep, In Mexico at least 11,333 migrants were kidnapped over this 6-month period.
    (AP, 2/22/11)(http://tinyurl.com/6jkl5zb)

2010        May 1, In Mexico 5 people were killed in a gunbattle between gang members and soldiers in Camargo, a small town in Tamaulipas state, which borders Nuevo Leon.
    (AP, 5/3/10)
2010        May 1, Elisabeth Mandala (18), a Texas high school student, and two Mexican men were found dead in a crashed pickup truck near Mina, in the northeastern state of Nuevo Leon. Autopsies revealed that all three died from severe blows to the head and body. Mandala, a senior at Kempner High School in Sugar Land, Texas, was last seen April 27 leaving her mother's home. The two men killed were taxi driver Luis Angel Estrella Mondragon (44) and merchant Dante Ruiz Siller (38).
    (AP, 5/6/10)

2010        May 2, In Mexico 5 people were trampled to death when a gunshot fired at a cattle fair sent a panic-stricken crowd rushing for the exits in Guadalupe, outside the industrial city of Monterrey, already on edge from rampant drug violence.
    (AP, 5/2/10)

2010        May 3, In Mexico gunmen drove up to a soccer field and shot five men to death as they played early Monday near the Pacific coast resort of Acapulco.
    (AP, 5/3/10)

2010        May 4, In Mexico two Colombians were arrested at Mexico City's international airport as they allegedly prepared to board a flight to Panama trying to smuggle out more than $350,000 in cash in various currencies.
    (AP, 5/15/10)

2010        May 7, In Mexico a groom and two members of his wedding party snatched at gunpoint as they left the church in Ciudad Juarez. Their bodies, along with a fourth body of someone who had not been identified and might not have been at the wedding, were found May 10.
    (AP, 5/12/10)

2010        May 8, In Mexico Mario Villanueva, former governor of the Caribbean state of Quintana Roo (1993-1999), was turned over to US authorities at the international airport in Toluca. He faced charges of helping a cartel smuggling cocaine through the resort of Cancun en route to the US market. Villanueva spent two years in hiding before he was arrested in Cancun in 2001.  3 headless bodies were found just outside of Acapulco. The bodies of 5 other men were found with multiple gunshot wounds in a car north of Acapulco.
    (AP, 5/9/10)(SSFC, 5/9/10, p.A5)
2010        May 8, In Mexico Joaquin Capilla (b.1928), the country’s top Olympic-medal recipient, died. Capilla brought home medals in 1948, 1952 and 1956.
    (AP, 5/9/10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joaqu%C3%ADn_Capilla)
2010        May 8, In northern Mexico the body of Ronald C. Ryan (67), a US citizen from Phoenix, Az., was found the partially buried near a creek on the outskirts of Santa Ana, Sonora state. He had been reported missing May 3. State police had reported detaining three men the following day who had left Ryan's pickup truck at a carwash in Santa Ana.
    (AP, 5/10/10)

2010        May 12, Mexico’s army overran a Zeta camp in Nuevo Leone state seizing 55,000 rounds of ammunition, 109 grenades and 124 heavy weapons among other booty.
    (Econ, 6/5/10, p.46)

2010        May 13, In Mexico gunmen burst into the farm supplies business of Jose Guajardo Varela and killed him and his son, after he ignored warnings to drop his bid for mayor of Valle Hermosa, Tamaulipas state. The leader of the conservative National Action Party said the victim and other candidates had received threats. 4 policemen in Chiapas state were killed and two others seriously wounded when gunmen attacked a convoy carrying payments for a government anti-poverty program.
    (AP, 5/14/10)(AP, 5/15/10)

2010        May 14, In Mexico gunmen killed six men and wounded two more in a drive-by shooting near a kindergarten in Loma Blanca, a small town outside the border city of Ciudad Juarez.
    (AP, 5/15/10)

2010        May 15, Former Mexican presidential candidate Diego Fernandez de Cevallos (69) disappeared. His abandoned car was found near his ranch in the central state of Queretaro. Four young men were found decapitated in northern Durango state. A message on the windshield of a pickup, allegedly signed by the Zetas gang, said the victims were involved in an attack at a bar in the neighboring city of Torreon that killed eight people earlier in the day. Cevallos was released on Nov 26 after the family paid a ransom of around $20 million.
    (AP, 5/15/10)(AP, 5/16/10)(Reuters, 11/27/10)

2010        May 17, The Mexican army said it has detained Crispin Borunda, an alleged lieutenant of the Ciudad Juarez-based Carrillo Fuentes cartel, who escaped from a US prison two decades ago. A statement said Borunda tried to flee on foot and fired at soldiers before being caught last week in the capital of the border state of Chihuahua. Soldiers seized another suspect and five weapons. 6 of the 11 municipal officers in La Union, Guerrero state, resigned after armed men ambushed and wounded two of their officers. Several other Mexican towns have seen mass police resignations because of cartel violence or threats. In Mexico State, on the outskirts of Mexico City, residents of a town beat a man death on suspicion of robbing a young couple of 200 pesos (about $16) and a cell phone. Juan Padilla Juarez (28), an alleged member of the La Linea gang, was arrested in the border city of Ciudad Juarez. He had allegedly participated in the killing of 10 people. Police in northern Mexico arrested 8 men who allegedly kidnapped migrants trying to reach the US. An investigation led to the arrest of 3 more suspects a day later.
    (AP, 5/18/10)(AP, 5/18/10)(AP, 5/19/10)
2010        May 17, Nicaragua’s navy chief, Capt. Roger Gonzalez Diaz, said Mexico's La Familia cartel is moving heavily into Central America and dominates much of the drug trade through the region. He said officials would take tough measures to prevent the trade.
    (AP, 5/18/10)

2010        May 18, Mexico’s Attorney General's Office announced that a judge handed down a prison sentence of almost 22 years against Jaime Gonzalez Duran, also known as "The Hummer," for money laundering  and weapons possession.
    (AP, 5/18/10)
2010        May 18, In Mexico City Javier Covarrubias (20) left his house and took his 2 children to a park. There he allegedly asphyxiated 1 1/2-year-old Isis Liliana, and a half hour later he asphyxiated 2 1/2-year-old Darien Isai. He soon reported his two children kidnapped but then changed his story and said he really gave them to a woman to settle a debt of 25,000 pesos, or about $1,925. The bodies of the children were found on June 8.
    (AP, 6/9/10)

2010        May 19, Mexican police found the mummified bodies of two women and three men stuffed in plastic bags in a pickup truck left near a highway in the northern Mexico state of Chihuahua. University authorities in Ciudad Juarez also reported that a freshman had been found dead, wrapped in a blanket at a local fairground. Authorities said about 88 tons (80 metric tons) of a precursor chemical used to make methamphetamines had been seized at the Pacific Coast seaport of Manzanillo.
    (AP, 5/20/10)

2010        May 20, Mexican President Felipe Calderon also took his opposition to a new Arizona immigration law to Congress, saying it "ignores a reality that cannot be erased by decree." Calderon also urged the US Congress to reinstate a ban on assault weapons to help cut cross-border gun smuggling and reduce drug gang violence for its southern neighbor.
    (AP, 5/20/10)(Reuters, 5/21/10)
2010        May 20, In Mexico gunbattles between security forces and armed attackers killed nine people in two states along the US border. Federal police announced the capture of Jose Manuel Garcia, the Sinaloa cartel's alleged chief operator in Mexico state. In the state of Coahuila, 2 police officers and 3 gunmen died in a shootout in Torreon. In Ciudad Juarez federal police detained Luis Humberto Hernandez, an alleged gang member accused of participating in 11 killings. Timoteo Alejandro Ramirez and his wife Cleriberta Castro were killed by gunmen from a rival faction of San Juan Copala in southern Oaxaca state. Ramirez was the leader of the town's autonomy movement.
    (AP, 5/20/10)(AP, 5/21/10)

2010        May 21, Mexican officials said Jose Manuel Garcia, a senior member of the Sinaloa cartel, one of Mexico's largest criminal gangs, has been arrested along with a cache of weapons, money and drugs.
    (AFP, 5/21/10)

2010        May 25, Mexican federal police arrested Gregorio Sanchez, the mayor of the resort city of Cancun, on drug trafficking, money laundering and organized crime charges, the latest blow to 2010 state and local elections already marred by violence and allegations of drug cartel involvement. On June 1 Sanchez was charged with drug trafficking ties, forcing him to end his campaign for governor in a scandal that has shaken Mexico's upcoming state elections.
    (AP, 5/26/10)(AP, 6/1/10)

2010        May 26, Mexican marines arrested Manzanillo port Captain Jorge Arturo Castaneda, accusing him of drug trafficking ties. The port had become a hot spot for the smuggling of methamphetamine precursor chemicals. In the northern city of Piedras Negras, a soldier was killed and another wounded when gunmen ambushed army troops inspecting flood-risk zones. Sergio Adrian Martinez, a former state police officer and member of the Arturo Beltran Leyva carte, was killed in a gunbattle with soldiers in the northern city of Monterrey.
    (AP, 5/27/10)

2010        May 27, Mexico's Supreme Court upheld a law requiring hospitals to offer rape victims a morning-after birth control pill, rejecting an appeal that argued the pill's effect constitutes the equivalent of an abortion.
    (AP, 5/27/10)

2010        May 28, In southern Mexico people in the Indian village of Zaragoza disarmed and seized about 20 police officers and demanded the cancellation of arrest warrants that arose from a local land dispute in Guerrero state.
    (AP, 5/29/10)

2010        May 29, In Mexico the body of a prison warden kidnapped by gunmen earlier in the day was found dismembered and scattered in several locations in a Morelos state adjacent to the Mexican capital. Police found an abandoned silver mine scattered with bodies outside Taxco, Guerrero state. At least 64 bodies were eventually recovered in what appeared to be a dumping ground for victims of organized crime.
    (Reuters, 5/30/10)(AP, 5/30/10)(AP, 6/4/10)(AP, 6/7/10)(SFC, 6/25/10, p.A3)

2010        May 31, Mexican migrant Anastasio Hernandez was shocked by a Customs and Border Protection agent at the San Ysidro border crossing between Tijuana and San Diego. A US coroner later ruled the death a homicide.
    (AP, 6/4/10)(AP, 6/8/10)

2010        Jun 2, Two Mexican federal police officers were killed in a clash with gunmen in northern Nuevo Leon state.
    (AP, 6/3/10)

2010        Jun 6, In Mexico police discovered six dead bodies in a cavern near the tourist resort of Cancun, three of them cut open and their hearts removed. Armed men in two cars barged into a girl's coming-out party in the southwestern town of Coyuca de Catalan, sparking a deadly gunbattle. Two partygoers and one attacker were killed.
    (AP, 6/6/10)

2010        Jun 7, In Mexico a prison fight in the border city of Ciudad Juarez left three inmates dead. A federal agent was also badly beaten during the fight.
    (AP, 6/9/10)

2010        Jun 8, In Mexico six inmates had their throats cut and died in a prison in Culiacan, Sinaloa state.
    (AP, 6/9/10)

2010        Jun 9, Mexican officials said its has navy found more than 44 pounds (20kg) of explosives in a trendy residential neighborhood in the capital after exchanging information with US authorities.
    (AP, 6/9/10)

2010        Jun 10, In Mexico a gang of gunmen in Chihuahua city raided a drug rehabilitation center late at night in the border state capital and killed 19 people. In Madero a gang of gunmen killed at least 20 people in a series of armed confrontations and shootings in at least five different locations in the city in the northeastern state of Tamaulipas.
    (AP, 6/11/10)(AFP, 6/11/10)

2010        Jun 11, In Mexico former state police detective Irvin Solano was arrested in central Morelos state. He was accused of becoming a top enforcer for Edgar Valdez Villareal, a US-born drug trafficker.
    (AP, 6/14/10)

2010        Jun 12, In Mexico a government media tour to promote tourism in the southwest went awry when machete-wielding Indians briefly kidnapped 13 reporters on the trip. 15 people trying to film a beer commercial were also abducted. The indigenous communal landowners were upset that Grupo Modelo, the maker of Corona beer, had not asked their permission to film the commercial on their property. They were all released unharmed but the Indians refused to return cameras and other equipment.
    (AP, 6/14/10)

2010        Jun 13, In Mexico 9 people were killed when a plane belonging to a politician running for governor in Quintana Roo state crashed. Roberto Borge, the powerful Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI)'s candidate for governor, was not aboard at the time.
    (AFP, 6/14/10)

2010        Jun 14, In Mexico Microsoft co-founder Bill Gates, Mexican telecom magnate Carlos Slim and Mexican President Felipe Calderon announced that foundations run by Gates and Slim will each donate $50 million to the 150 million 2015 Meso-American Health Initiative. The Spanish government will contribute the rest.
    (AP, 6/15/10)
2010        Jun 14, In Mexico gunmen killed 15 federal police officers in separate attacks. 12 officers died in an ambush near a high school in the western state of Michoacan. 3 gunmen were also killed in a clash with soldiers in Michoacan. Assailants killed 3 more officers in Chihuahua City. At least 29 inmates were killed as rival gangs clashed inside a prison in Mazatlan, Sinaloa state.
    (AP, 6/15/10)

2010        Jun 15, President Felipe Calderon appealed to Mexicans to support the fight against organized crime just hours after troops killed 15 suspected gang members, part of a surge in violence that has June headed toward being the deadliest month yet in his drug war. The government announced strict limits on the deposit and exchange of dollars in banks, noting that the economy was being flooded with illicit drug profits. A car bomb killed a federal police officer and two civilians in Ciudad Juarez.
    (AP, 6/16/10)(SFC, 6/16/10, p.A2)

2010        Jun 16, In Mexico Alain Escutia (20) and Emilio Palacios (22) were arrested in the Michoacan state capital of Morelia for their role in the June 14 attack that left 12 police officers dead in Michoacan.
    (AP, 6/17/10)

2010        Jun 17, In Mexico police in southern Guerrero state found the bodies of two men who had been tortured in the town of Tepecoacuilco. In the northern border city of Ciudad Juarez, two 15-year-old girls were among 15 people killed in a 24-hour period. Soldiers acting on a tip raided 3 houses in Culiacan, Sinaloa state, and found over $1 million in cash, guns, drugs and expensive jewelry.
    (AP, 6/17/10)(AP, 6/18/10)(SFC, 6/19/10, p.A2)

2010        Jun 18, In Mexico police in Cancun found 12 decomposing bodies in four caverns and were searching for more cadavers in violence blamed on drug gangs in the resort city. 11 Mexican soldiers died in the crash of a military helicopter carrying troops for anti-drug missions.
    (AP, 6/19/10)(AP, 6/19/10)

2010        Jun 19, Carlos Monsivais (b.1938), renowned Mexican journalist, critic and political activist  died in Mexico City. His death was confirmed by the Estanquillo Museum that Monsivais founded in 2006 with his extensive collection of pop art pieces ranging from comic books to miniature reproductions of household objects.
    (AP, 6/20/10)

2010        Jun 20, In Mexico a mayor and another man in the southern state of Oaxaca were killed by assailants in a dispute apparently motivated by a disagreement over a mine. A man and his 12-year-old daughter were detained in Guerrero state for allegedly killing a neighboring land owner in a dispute over land.
    (AP, 6/21/10)

2010        Jun 21, In Mexico assailants sprayed a town hall with gunfire close to midnight, killing at least three police officers in Nuevo Leon state.
    (AP, 6/22/10)

2010        Jun 24, In Mexico police in the border city of Mexicali arrested Manuel Garibay (52), a purported top figure in Mexico's powerful Sinaloa drug cartel. 6 gunmen died in two shootouts in Matamoros, across from Brownsville, Texas. Another five gunmen died after clashing with soldiers in Ciudad Mier, which is also in Tamaulipas.
    (AP, 6/26/10)

2010        Jun 26, In southern Mexico a mob armed with clubs, stones and guns attacked a political rally, sparking hours of clashes that left three people dead and six more wounded in the town of Nachig, Chiapas state. 9 people were killed when gunmen opened fire in a drug rehabilitation center in Chihuahua city, Durango state.
    (AP, 6/26/10)
2010        Jun 26, In Mexico City thousands of people took part in a gay pride parade, celebrating the city's historic decision six months ago to become the first city in Latin America to allow same-sex marriage.
    (AFP, 6/27/10)

2010        Jun 28, In Mexico gunmen ambushed campaign caravan of Rodolfo Torre (46) less than a week before he was expected to win the governor's race in Tamaulipas, a state torn by a turf battle between two rival drug cartels. Torre and 4 other people were killed: three of the candidate's bodyguards and a state lawmaker. In Guerrero state reported Juan Rodriguez Rios and his wife were shot dead inside an Internet café they operated in Coyuca de Benitez.
    (AP, 6/29/10)(SFC, 6/30/10, p.A2)

2010        Jun 29, The government of Mexico lifted the alert for swine flu, officially ending the health emergency in the country where the illness first appeared 14 months ago.
    (AP, 6/29/10)
2010        Jun 29, In Mexico Miguel Ortiz Miranda, alias El Tyson, a key suspect in the April 24 ambush of Michoacan’s state security chief, was arrested in Morelia.
    (SFC, 7/1/10, p.A3)

2010        Jul 1, In Mexico a massive gun battle between rival drug and migrant trafficking gangs near the US border left 21 people dead near Nogales, Sonora state.
    (AP, 7/1/10)(SFC, 7/2/10, p.A2)
2010        Jul 1, In Mexico the sprawling remains of Hurricane Alex drenched much of the north, paralyzing the major city of Monterrey. 12 people were killed.
    (AP, 7/1/10)(SSFC, 7/4/10, p.A4)(Econ, 7/10/10, p.30)

2010        Jul 2, Mexican authorities said they have arrested Jesus Ernesto Chavez (41), a drug-cartel enforcer. Chavez said Lesley Enriquez, a woman who worked in the Mexican border's biggest US consulate, had helped a rival gang obtain American visas, and for that he ordered her killed. Employee Lesley Enriquez (35) and two other people connected to the US consulate in the city of Ciudad Juarez were killed March 13 in attacks that raised concerns that Americans were being caught up in drug-related border violence.
    (AP, 7/2/10)(SFC, 7/3/10, p.A3)

2010        Jul 5, Mexico’s Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), which ruled for seven decades before voters threw it out a decade ago, gained some momentum in state elections where the dominant issue was the country's skyrocketing drug violence. Police found the decapitated bodies of three men inside a burned-out car in the drug gang-plagued Mexican state of Sinaloa. The heads had been put on the vehicle's hood.
    (McClatchy, 7/5/10)(AP, 7/5/10)

2010        Jul 6, The bodyguard of a Mexican state governor was ordered jailed pending an investigation into allegations that he belongs to a drug cartel, one of a string of scandals that plagued weekend elections. Ismael Ortega Galicia, a bodyguard for Tamaulipas Gov. Eugenio Hernandez, was detained for questioning over the weekend after the newspaper Reforma reported he was on a US Treasury Department list of key members of the Gulf or Zetas gangs.
    (AP, 7/6/10)
2010        Jul 6, In northern Mexico about 18,000 people were evacuated from Ciudad Anahuac, where authorities feared a dam would overflow from rains that accompanied Hurricane Alex. The Venustiano Carranza dam, about 70 km (43 miles) away, reached capacity after days of heavy rains, including remnants of the hurricane, which slammed into Mexico's northern Gulf coast last week.
    (AP, 7/6/10)

2010        Jul 7, In Mexico a judge acquitted Juan Llaca Diaz, a man charged with dealing in precursor drug chemicals and allegedly linked to the bust of a Chinese-Mexican businessman who hid $205 million at his Mexico City mansion.
    (AP, 7/9/10)
2010        Jul 7, A Mexican air force helicopter crashed in the western state of Jalisco, killing three military personnel on board.
    (AP, 7/10/10)

2010        Jul 8, In Mexico 4 suspects were killed in a shootout with police in the border state of Coahuila. 5 civilian bystanders were wounded.
    (AP, 7/9/10)

2010        Jul 10, Mexican marines raided a house in the Pacific resort of Acapulco and captured Gamaliel Aguirre Tavira (35), a suspected regional chief of a drug gang involved in a bloody turf war in the center and south of Mexico. Authorities said Tavira is a close ally of Edgar Valdez Villarreal, a Texas-born gang boss known as "La Barbie" who leads one of the two factions fighting over control of the Beltran Leyva drug cartel.
    (AP, 7/11/10)

2010        Jul 12, In Mexico 3 assailants died in a shootout with soldiers in the border city of Reynosa. The soldiers reportedly came under fire while on patrol, returned fire and seized three rifles at the scene.
    (AP, 7/14/10)

2010        Jul 13, In Mexico 3 dead bodies were found hanging from pedestrian bridges in the central city of Cuernavaca. The bodies were accompanied by threatening notes signed by a drug gang. The three men escaped from a state prison last month. Gunmen killed three state police officers in two ambush-style attacks in the border city of Ciudad Juarez. Another officer was seriously wounded.
    (AP, 7/14/10)
2010        Jul 13, Australian police said they have seized 240 kg (530 pounds) of cocaine worth 84 million dollars ($73 million) which was stashed in paving stones. 4 men including an American, a Mexican and two Australians were arrested over the haul, Australia's fifth biggest cocaine seizure, which was discovered in two shipping containers sent to Melbourne from Mexico.
    (AFP, 7/13/10)

2010        Jul 14, In Mexico gunmen shot and killed Mario Medina, the nephew of Chihuahua state governor-elect Cesar Duarte, in a botched kidnapping attempt.
    (SFC, 7/16/10, p.A2)

2010        Jul 15, In Mexico members of a northern drug gang rammed a car that may have been packed with explosives or inflammable material into two police patrol trucks in the border city of Ciudad Juarez, killing two officers and a medical technician, and wounding nine people. The attack was said to be in retaliation for the arrest of a top leader of the La Linea drug gang, Jesus Acosta Guerrero, earlier in the day. It was the first time a drug cartel has used a car bomb to attack Mexican security forces. On Oct 20 Fernando Contreras was arrested in Chihuahua along with 14 others, several weapons and drugs. Police said Contreras had detonated the car bomb.
    (AP, 7/16/10)(AP, 7/17/10)(AP, 10/21/10)

2010        Jul 16, In Mexico 5 factory workers were gunned down when armed men burst into a party at a house in Ciudad Juarez. In other municipalities of Chihuahua, which shares a long border with Texas, there were four killings.
    (AP, 7/17/10)
2010        Jul 16, In Mexico Roberto Cabrera (38), with a mysterious bulge under his T-shirt, was stopped, searched and detained at Mexico City's international airport after arriving from Peru. Authorities found 18 tiny endangered monkeys in a girdle he was wearing. Two of the monkeys were dead.
    (AP, 7/19/10)

2010        Jul 17, In Mexico 4 policemen were shot dead by unknown assailants on a rural road near the port of Acapulco. Six other violent deaths were recorded in Ciudad Juarez including a man and his daughter were shot by gunmen who entered his home early in the day.
    (AP, 7/18/10)

2010        Jul 18, In Mexico gunmen jumped from their cars and stormed a private party in Torreon. They simply opened fire killing 17 people with 18 wounded. On July 25 prosecutors said that guards and officials at a prison let inmates out, lent them guns and sent them off in official vehicles to carry out drug-related killings, including the massacre of 17 in Torreon.
    (AP, 7/19/10)(AP, 7/26/10)

2010        Jul 22, Mexican soldiers fought gunbattles overnight with gangs who forced citizens from their cars and used the vehicles to block streets in Nuevo Laredo across the border from Texas. Witnesses reported that several gunmen were killed. 8 suspected drug gang gunmen died in a battle with Mexican soldiers in the remote mountains of northern Chihuahua state. Authorities began uncovering the remains of at least 51 people in a series of pits and scattered on the ground at a suspected drug-gang dumping site near Monterrey, Nuevo Leon state.
    (AP, 7/22/10)(AP, 7/24/10)
2010        Jul 22, The US Treasury Department added two companies owned by daughters of drug lord Ismael "El Mayo" Zambada to the list of sanctioned companies under the Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act. The US Embassy in Mexico City said the two women, Maria Teresa Zambada Niebla and Midiam Patricia Zambada Niebla, served as "front persons" for their father's illicit transactions. The companies named to the list are Arte y Diseno de Culiacan SA de CV and Autotransportes JYM SA de CV.
    (AP, 7/22/10)

2010        Jul 23, Jesus Quinonez, the international liaison for the Baja California state attorney general's office, was among 43 defendants named in a US federal racketeering complaint that alleges murder, kidnapping and other crimes. They were accused of working for Fernando Sanchez Arellano, widely considered the most-wanted drug kingpin in Tijuana. Quinonez (49) was arrested a day earlier in San Diego during a traffic stop.
    (AP, 7/24/10)

2010        Jul 26, In Mexico six men were found inside a car in the southwestern city of Chilpancingo, Guerrero state. Next to them lay a message reading: "This will happen to all rapists, extortionists and kidnappers. Attentively, the New Cartel of the Sierra." The bodies of four men were found dumped in a plaza in Nuevo Laredo. In Cuernavaca state investigators found the burned bodies of three men near a major highway. The victims had been bound before being burned. Painted on a nearby wall were the letters "CPS," an apparent reference to the Southern Pacific drug cartel. 4 journalists disappeared in the Laguna region, which includes Durango and areas of the neighboring state of Coahuila. A Milenio newspaper and TV network cameramen and three other journalists were abducted after covering a prison scandal in the northern state of Durango in which inmates are accused of being hired guns for a local cartel. The 4 were soon freed and 3 men working for the Sinaloa drug cartel were detained for participating in the kidnapping.
    (AP, 7/26/10)(AP, 7/27/10)(Reuters, 7/29/10)(AP, 8/5/10)

2010        Jul 27, In Mexico 3 federal police agents were shot to death on a highway in a confrontation with gunmen. A second cousin of Gov.-elect Cesar Duarte was shot to death by attackers in the city of Parral. The severed heads of eight men were found left in pairs along highways in the northern Mexico state of Durango. Rogelio Segovia Hernandez, a suspected drug cartel lieutenant with a quarter-million-dollar reward on his head, was captured in the border state of Chihuahua, where rival gangs are waging a bloody turf war.
    (AP, 7/27/10)(AP, 7/28/10)

2010        Jul 28, In Mexico 3 men and a woman were gunned down at a pizzeria in Mexico City.
    (AFP, 7/29/10)

2010        Jul 29, In Mexico soldiers killed Ignacio "Nacho" Coronel (56), a top leader of the Sinaloa cartel, in a raid on his posh hideout in the western city of Guadalajara. One soldier was killed and Francisco Quinones, his right-hand man, was arrested. Mexican federal troops found $7 million in cash at the site as well as jewelry, luxury watches, guns, two hand grenades and three expensive cars.
    (AP, 7/30/10)(AP, 7/31/10)

2010        Jul 30, In Mexico Chinese Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi signed a four-year cooperation accord with Mexico aimed at boosting political and economic ties.
    (AP, 7/31/10)

2010        Jul 31, Mexican federal police rescued two kidnapped news cameramen in the northern city of Gomez Palacio, Coahuila state, five days after they were seized by drug traffickers in a bid to get their employers to broadcast cartel messages.
    (AP, 7/31/10)
2010        Jul 31, Mexico said it will send its ambassador back to Honduras next week, recognizing the government of Honduran President Porfirio Lobo a year after his predecessor was ousted by a military-backed coup.
    (AP, 7/31/10)

2010        Aug 2, Compania Mexicana de Aviacion filed for bankruptcy.
    (Econ, 8/14/10, p.53)
2010        Aug 2, UNESCO added 6 sites located in Brazil, China, Mexico, France's Reunion Island and the South Pacific nation of Kiribati to World Heritage status.
    (AP, 8/2/10)

2010        Aug 3, Mexico’s President Felipe Calderon said he would consider a debate on legalizing drugs as his government announced that more than 28,000 people have been killed in drug violence since he launched a crackdown against cartels in 2006. In 2014 the 28,000 estimate was reduced to 21,000.
    (AP, 8/3/10)(AP, 5/23/14)

2010        Aug 4, Mexican authorities said 7 bodies were found in a clandestine grave in Mazatlan, Sinaloa state. The bodies were found after an anonymous tip and showed signs of having been tortured prior to their death.
    (SFC, 8/5/10, p.A2)

2010        Aug 6, In Mexico rival gangs clashed, killing 14 inmates at a prison in the border city of Matamoros, across from Brownsville, Texas.
    (AP, 8/7/10)

2010        Aug 8, Former Mexican Pres. Vincente Fox, who was a key US ally in the war on drugs, backed the legalization of drugs, saying prohibition has failed to curb Mexico's spiraling violence and corruption.
    (Reuters 8/910)

2010        Aug 10, Mexico's Supreme Court ruled that all 31 states must recognize same-sex marriages performed in the capital, though its decision does not force those states to begin marrying gay couples in their territory.
    (AP, 8/11/10)

2010        Aug 11, Mexico’s President Felipe Calderon questioned prosecutors and judges as to why so few people are caught and punished for violent crimes.
    (AP, 8/11/10)

2010        Aug 12, In Mexico police found the bodies of six people in two locations. The bodies of four males, including two teenagers, were found with their hands and feet bound inside a car in the town of Tepalcatepec, Michoacan state. Minutes earlier police in Tepalcatepec found the body of a man and a woman alongside a road.
    (AP, 8/14/10)

2010        Aug 13, President Barack Obama signed a $600 million bill to put more agents and equipment along the Mexican border. The new law nearly doubled fees on visas for skilled workers brought in by companies whose employees are more than 50 percent foreign, a move that largely affects India's IT and outsourcing industries.
    (AP, 8/13/10)(AFP, 8/14/10)

2010        Aug 14, Mexican authorities said that police in Ciudad Juarez have captured five alleged drug gang members suspected in the killings of two federal officers, including one whose body was hacked to pieces.
    (AP, 8/14/10)(AFP, 8/15/10)

2010        Aug 15, In Mexico attackers shot 8 men to death and piled their bodies in a pickup truck in the southern state of Oaxaca. Gunmen kidnapped Edelmiro Cavazos, mayor of the town Santiago, a city on the outskirts of Monterrey. His body was found on Aug 18. In Ciudad Juarez gunmen opened fire on the pool party in central Ciudad Juarez, killing 3 women and a man and wounding 5 other women, all of whom were wearing swimsuits. In an attack at a private house, gunmen riddled party-goers with bullets. 3 victims died at the scene, and another 3 in hospital. The bodies of four other men, "showing signs of torture with several shots through their heads," were found in other parts of the city. The city had more than 2,660 murders in 2009 and 1,850 so far this year. In Veracruz police found the bound, burned remains of a body with a federal police badge.
    (AFP, 8/15/10)(AP, 8/16/10)(Reuters, 8/18/10)

2010        Aug 16, Mexico's Supreme Court voted to uphold a Mexico City law allowing adoptions by same-sex couples, drawing jubilant cheers from gay advocacy groups and angry protests from Roman Catholic Church representatives.
    (AP, 8/16/10)
2010        Aug 16, In Mexico 4 inmates were found dead with their throats slashed at a prison in the Pacific coast state of Sinaloa.
    (AP, 8/17/10)

2010        Aug 19, President Felipe Calderon said Mexico should consider appointing anonymous judges for drug trafficking trials, an unexpected proposal that he acknowledged contradicts the country's efforts to build a more open judicial system.
    (AP, 8/19/10)

2010        Aug 20, In Mexico 6 city police officers were arrested in the killing of Santiago Mayor Edelmiro Cavazos. The suspects included the officer who guarded the house where Cavazos was kidnapped on Aug 15. A shootout in Santa Catalina, a suburb of Monterrey, left 3 security guards wounded. 2 slain guards were found the next day in the trunk of a car.
    (AP, 8/20/10)(AP, 8/22/10)
2010        Aug 20, Mexican prosecutors added tax evasion charges to drug counts pending against for Zhenli Ye Gon, a Chinese-Mexican businessman who is fighting extradition from the United States. Ye Gon was jailed in the US more than two years ago on charges of smuggling methamphetamines from Mexico to the US.
    (AP, 8/20/10)
2010        Aug 20, Mexican police detained six suspects on the southern Pacific coast with 3,756 illegally harvested eggs from protected sea turtles.
    (AP, 8/20/10)

2010        Aug 21, In Mexico a gunbattle erupted between police and gunmen in Ciudad Juarez, killing one person and prompting US authorities to close a highway that runs along the border in El Paso, Texas. The bodies of two security guards for Mexican bottling company FEMSA were found dead a day after a shootout in Santa Catalina, a suburb of Monterrey.
    (AP, 8/22/10)
2010        Aug 21, A consortium of Mexican investors said they have acquired 95 percent of Mexicana de Aviacion airline, which earlier this month filed for bankruptcy protection. The Tenedora K group was formed "to capitalize" and "save" Nuevo Grupo Aeronautico, the holding company that controls Mexicana de Aviacion and two domestic airlines, Mexicana Click and Mexicana Link.
    (AFP, 8/22/10)

2010        Aug 22, In Mexico the decapitated bodies of four men were hung from a bridge in Cuernavaca, a city besieged by fighting between two drug lords. Police found the body of a US citizen inside a car along the highway between the Pacific resorts of Acapulco and Zihuatanejo. A Mexican soldier said that Joseph Proctor (32) attacked an army convoy with an AR-15 rifle and was killed when troops shot him in self-defense. Proctor had told his girlfriend he was popping out to a convenience store in Acapulco where the couple had just moved. The next morning the New York native was dead inside his crashed van on a road outside the town. Three soldiers were later charged with his killing.
    (AP, 8/22/10)(AP, 8/23/10)(AP, 12/25/10)

2010        Aug 23, Mexican police in the border city of Tijuana found two bodies on the outskirts of town and were searching for more. Baja California state prosecutors said recently arrested suspects told authorities at least four more bodies had been buried in the same area. A judge ordered the released of 13 Tijuana city police officers who were arrested by soldiers and sent to prison more than a year ago on charges of protecting drug traffickers. The judge ruled there wasn't enough evidence.
    (AP, 8/23/10)
2010        Aug 23, In Las Vegas Mexico's Jimena Navarrete (22) was crowned Miss Universe in an upset victory that stunned a pageant world which had predicted a winner to emerge from Ireland, Venezuela or the United States.
    (AFP, 8/24/10)

2010        Aug 24, Mexican marines found the dumped bodies of 72 people at a ranch in northern Mexico following a shootout with suspected drug cartel gunmen that left one marine and three suspects dead. Two migrants survived the massacre and provided information in the investigation. 77 people were later said to be in the group and that a 3rd migrant had survived with 2 still missing. The dismembered bodies of 2 men were found hung from a bridge at the entrance to Chilpancingo, near Acapulco.
    (AP, 8/25/10)(SFC, 8/25/10, p.A2)(AP, 9/1/10)(AP, 9/5/10)

2010        Aug 25, A Mexican judge found Mario Bautista, former Michoacan state police director, innocent of charges he helped a drug gang. He was arrested by federal investigators in May 2009 along with 34 other local and state officials in Michoacan. 26 of them have already been set free for lack of evidence or after a judge found them innocent.
    (AP, 8/26/10)(Reuters, 8/26/10)

2010        Aug 26, In Mexico at least 16 people were injured, some seriously, after a grenade was thrown into a crowded bar in the internationally-popular beach resort of Puerto Vallarta. 5 of the injured were detained as part of an investigation. Four of those detained each lost a leg in the explosion.
    (Reuters, 8/26/10)(AP, 8/26/10)

2010        Aug 27, In northern Mexico a car exploded in front of the offices of a major Mexican television station in Ciudad Victoria, Tamaulipas state, where officials were investigating the massacre of 72 Central and South American migrants.
    (AP, 8/27/10)

2010        Aug 28, Saul de la Rosa (27), a US resident, was abducted along with two other people when he crossed into Ciudad Juarez. All three bodies were found Sept. 2. Documents found on De la Rosa indicated he was a US resident.
    (AP, 9/11/10) 

2010        Aug 29, In Mexico gunmen killed the mayor of a town in the border state of Tamaulipas. Hidalgo Mayor Marco Antonio Leal Garcia was the second mayor to be assassinated in the past two weeks in the area.
    (AP, 8/30/10)

2010        Aug 30, Mexican police captured a Texas-born fugitive known as "the Barbie." Edgar Valdez Villarreal (37) allegedly led a violent smuggling network. He became the third suspected drug lord to fall in Mexico in the past 10 months in a coup for Pres. Calderon's war on cartels. An anonymous caller tipped authorities off to the presence of 3 bodies in Tamaulipas state. Marines found the 3 bodies as well as the bodies of 2 women, not identified as culprits. A Honduran man who survived the Aug 24 slaughter identified the three men as having been among the killers of 72 migrants.
    (AP, 8/31/10)(AP, 9/6/10)

2010        Aug 31, In Mexico 6 women and two men died in a fire at a bar frequented by locals in the resort of Cancun. Bar employees told police that unidentified men tossed gasoline bombs at the establishment. Police soon arrested six suspects, who said a drug gang hired them to throw gasoline bombs at the bar, presumably in an attempt at extortion.
    (AP, 8/31/10)(AP, 9/3/10)

2010        Sep 2, In Mexico soldiers killed at least 25 suspected cartel members in a raid and gunbattle in Tamaulipas state near the US border, that has become one of the most dangerous battlegrounds in the country's drug war.
    (AP, 9/3/10)

2010        Sep 3, In Mexico five suspected cartel members were killed in Nuevo Leon state, during a shootout on a highway leading to the border.
    (AP, 9/3/10)
2010        Sep 3, Two members of Mexico’s Congress were among six people killed on when their private plane crashed near a popular Pacific beach resort. Guillermo Zavaleta and Juan Huerta, members of President Felipe Calderon's National Action Party, or PAN, died in the crash in Huatulco in the state of Oaxaca.
    (Reuters, 9/4/10)

2010        Sep 5, In northern Mexico soldiers opened fire on a family's car when it allegedly failed to stop at a military checkpoint, killing a 15-year-old boy and his father. Relatives who were also in the car said they were shot at after they passed a military convoy. On Sep 12 the military announced that it filed charges against four troops for the shooting.
    (AP, 9/6/10)(AP, 9/12/10)

2010        Sep 6, Mexico’s Navy announced it had found a clandestine grave with two bodies in Tamaulipas, not far from the Aug 24 massacre site. It was unclear if the grave was related to the massacre of 72 migrants. Marines had arrested four suspects at the scene on Sept. 3. The bodies appeared to be those of a state detective and local police chief who disappeared while investigating the massacre.
    (AP, 9/6/10)(AP, 9/8/10)

2010        Sep 7, In Mexico pieces of the dismembered bodies of two men were found scattered around a children's park in the Pacific coast state of Guerrero. Gunmen attacked a vehicle  in Ciudad Juarez carrying inmates from the city's prison, killing 2 guards and wounding a prisoner.
    (AP, 9/8/10)
2010        Sep 7, In Mexico 7 women serving prison terms of up to 29 years for the death of their newborns were freed after a legal reform enacted in the state of Guanajuato lowered their sentences.
    (AP, 9/7/10)

2010        Sep 8, In Mexico hooded gunmen burst into Mayor Alexander Lopez Garcia's office in the northern Mexico state of San Luis Potosi and shot him to death. He was the third mayor slain in less than a month.
    (AP, 9/9/10)
2010        Sep 8, In southern Mexico tens of thousands of people have abandoned their homes to escape flooding from weeks of torrential rains, and forecasts are predicting even more rainfall. The flooding has affected all four of Mexico's southernmost states: Tabasco, Veracruz, Chiapas and Oaxaca.
    (AP, 9/8/10)

2010        Sep 9, In Mexico gunmen killed 25 people in a series of drug-gang attacks in Ciudad Juarez, marking the deadliest day in more than two years for the Mexican border city.
    (AP, 9/11/10)

2010        Sep 10, In Mexico 85 inmates scaled the walls of a prison in the border city of Reynosa and escaped in the country’s biggest jail break in recent memory. At least five people were killed in the southern Pacific coast state of Guerrero, where various cartels are also fighting for territory.
    (AP, 9/11/10)
2010        Sep 10, A Guatemalan court sentenced 6 Mexicans and 8 Guatemalans, all members of Mexico’s Zetas drug gang, to lengthy prison terms for the killing of 11 people two years ago.
    (http://tinyurl.com/34zmpqn)(Econ, 10/16/10, p.31)

2010        Sep 11, In Mexico’s central state of Morelos police discovered nine bodies in clandestine graves in the same area where four more were recently found. A phone tip led authorities to a dead body in a car in a shopping center parking lot in Ciudad Juarez. Police found a bomb in a second car at the site and carried out a controlled detonation. Federal authorities announced the arrest of two Colombian brothers, Dario Emilio Valencia and Victor Espinosa Valencia,  alleged to have ties to Edgar "La Barbie" Valdez Villarreal and belonging to a group responsible for buying cocaine in Colombia and smuggling it to the United States.
    (AP, 9/12/10)

2010        Sep 12, Mexican marines captured Sergio Villarreal Barragan (“the Child-eater”), a presumed leader of the embattled Beltran Leyva cartel, along with 2 accomplices in a raid in the central state of Puebla.
    (AP, 9/12/10)(Econ, 9/18/10, p.53)

2010        Sep 15, Mexico looked beyond its drug war to throw a 200th birthday bash celebrating a proud history, whimsical culture and resilience embodied in the traditional independence cry: "Viva Mexico!" A gunbattle between Mexican soldiers and suspected drug cartel members left 22 dead at ranch on the outskirts of Ciudad Mier near the US border.
    (AP, 9/16/10)(AP, 9/16/10)

2010        Sep 16, In Mexico gunmen attacked two newspaper photographers in the drug war-torn border city of Ciudad Juarez, killing Luis Carlos Santiago (21) and seriously wounding Carlos Sanchez of the Diario de Juarez.
    (AP, 9/17/10)

2010        Sep 17, In Mexico gunmen burst into a bar in Ciudad Juarez and killed 6 men and a woman. Over 4,000 people have died in the city over the last 2 years as a turf war continued between the Juarez and Sinaloa drug cartels. Gunmen kidnapped 9 police officers investigating a death in the southern state of Guerrero. The headless bodies of two of the lawmen were found near El Revelado, the community where the police group was kidnapped. 6 more were found Sep 19 in a ravine. One survivor was located in Acapulco. Troops killed three suspected drug cartel gunmen in a gunbattle and also freed a kidnap victim near the industrial city of Monterrey.
    (SFC, 9/18/10, p.A2)(AP, 9/18/10)(AP, 9/19/10)
2010        Sep 17, Hurricane Karl hit Mexico’s Gulf Coast. At least 16 people were killed after several days of flooding and mudslides.
    (SFC, 9/18/10, p.A3)(SFC, 9/18/10, p.A6)(AP, 9/20/10)

2010        Sep 18, In Mexico’s Guerrero state unidentified men traveling in two vehicles threw two human heads into a refreshment stand in Coyuca de Catalan. One of the heads was blindfolded with duct tape. They were later associated to 2 of 9 police officers abducted a day earlier. Authorities in Ciudad Juarez said police arrested two alleged leaders of the Aztecs gang linked to at least 10 murders, including the killing of a federal police officer last month.
    (AP, 9/18/10)(AP, 9/19/10)

2010        Sep 19, In Ciudad Juarez, Mexico, a front-page editorial by El Diario de Juarez asked warring drug cartels to say what they want from the newspaper, so it can continue its work without further death, injury or intimidation of its staff.
    (AP, 9/20/10)

2010        Sep 20, In Mexico rocks and mud tumbled down a hill onto a highway in Villa Guerrero, south of Mexico City. Five bodies were pulled out, and an unknown number of people were missing. More than 70 people have died during the rainy season in Mexico, which has been one of the heaviest on record.
    (AP, 9/21/10)

2010        Sep 21, In Mexico a mob beat two alleged kidnappers to death in the northern border state of Chihuahua. The two men and three others were suspected in the kidnapping of a 17-year-old girl from Asencion.
    (AP, 9/21/10)

2010        Sep 22, Mexico’s President Felipe Calderon announced a plan to protect journalists, as violence against reporters has surged since the government launched a crackdown on drug traffickers nearly four years ago.
    (AP, 9/23/10)

2010        Sep 23, In Mexico gunmen killed Prisciliano Rodriguez Salinas, mayor of the town of Doctor Gonzalez, near Monterrey, as well as his personal assistant. He became the fourth mayor in northern Mexico to be murdered in little more than a month. Two men were later arrested for the killing because of a land dispute. They had been paid $6,000. An uncle of one of the two suspects had hired them a week before the assassination.
    (AP, 9/24/10)(AP, 9/30/10)

2010        Sep 24, In Mexico Ricardo Solis, the recently elected mayor of the small town of Gran Morelos' in the northern state of Chihuahua, was shot in the head and chest by gunmen who drove up in two SUVs. Soldiers near Monterrey came under fire when they went to look into a tip that a local ranch had been taken over by members of a drug gang. The soldiers fired back, killing two alleged assailants, and then seized 12 rifles and over 2,000 rounds of ammunition. Mexican soldiers detained Jose Angel Fernandez, the Zetas drug cartel's alleged operations chief for the resort city of Cancun, along with three alleged accomplices. Fernandez was suspected in last month's fire-bombing of a bar that killed eight people.
    (Reuters, 9/25/10)(AP, 9/25/10)(AP, 9/26/10)

2010        Sep 25, Mexican authorities said they have arrested Margarito Soto Reyes (44), an alleged trafficker known as "The Tiger," who they say shipped a half-ton of drugs to the US each month and may have been poised to take over for a dead capo in the Sinaloa cartel. 8 alleged accomplices were also arrested near Guadalajara. Police in the northern state of Chihuahua announced they had found the bodies of six men piled in a sport utility vehicle on a roadside in a remote, southern area of the state. The men had all apparently been shot in the head. And in the border city of Ciudad Juarez, unidentified assailants dumped the hacked-up body of a man on a street.
    (AP, 9/25/10)
2010        Sep 25, Mexican authorities sighted the wreckage of a small plane in the mountains of Baja California believed to have taken off from Los Angeles, Ca., with four people on board.
    (AP, 9/25/10)

2010        Sep 27, In Mexico the bodies of Tancitaro Mayor Gustavo Sanchez and city adviser Rafael Equihua were discovered in a pickup truck abandoned on a dirt road near the city of Uruapan, the fifth city leader to be slain in Mexico since mid-August. Also in Michoacan state, five gunmen and a marine were killed in a shootout in Coahuayana on the Pacific coast. Another gunbattle in the Gulf coast state of Tamaulipas left eight gunmen and one marine dead in the border city of Reynosa. In the border state of Chihuahua, gunmen broke into a police complex, subdued the guards and stole at least 40 automatic rifles and 23 handguns.
    (AP, 9/27/10)

2010        Sep 28, In Mexico a hillside collapsed on the rural community of Santa Maria de Tlahuitoltepec, Oaxaca state. Although hundreds of people were initially feared dead only 11 people were missing and likely dead.
    (AP, 9/28/10)(AP, 9/29/10)(AP, 9/30/10)

2010        Sep 29, Mexican officials announced that marines had captured 30 suspected Gulf cartel members and seized an arsenal of weapons during two days of raids in the northern border state of Tamaulipas. Two federal police officers were slain at a downtown hotel in Ciudad Juarez. Attackers threw an explosive at city hall in Matamoros, injuring three people.
    (AP, 9/30/10)
2010        Sep 29, In Mexico a landslide surged into a community in Chiapas state, killing 16 people and injuring 13, while another avalanche left three people missing in a nearby town.
    (AP, 9/30/10)

2010        Sep 30, In Mexico rescuers found more bodies buried by earlier landslides, raising the death toll from a series of slides in the south to at least 36. Another landslide in the town of Villa Hidalgo Yalalag in Oaxaca state buried an 80-year-old man and his 68-year-old wife.
    (AFP, 9/30/10)(AP, 10/1/10)
2010        Sep 30, In Mexico a group of 20 men in Acapulco, visiting from the western city of Morelia, were abducted by an armed gang as they looked for a place to stay. 2 fellow travelers had left the others to go a store and when they returned their companions were gone. On Nov 3 the bodies of the 18 men were found in a mass grave outside Acapulco.
    (AP, 10/2/10)(AP, 11/6/10)
2010        Sep 30, Tiffany Hartley and her husband, David, were on Jet Skis on Falcon Lake, Texas, when men on three speedboats chased them, shooting her husband in the head. Authorities have not recovered his body. The alleged attack happened near the US-Mexican boundary of the lake, which is about 60 miles down the border from Laredo.
    (AP, 10/5/10)

2010        Oct 1, In Mexico a shootout between rival drug-dealing gangs broke out in the town of San Jose de la Cruz. 14 people were left dead.
    (AP, 10/2/10)

2010        Oct 2, In Mexico 33 murders took place in Chihuahua state over the last 2 days with 9 of the dead in Ciudad Juarez. In the northeast an explosion at a plaza in Guadalupe injured 15 people. Authorities blamed the attack on drug cartels targeting the civilian population to cause chaos. In the northeast an explosion at a plaza in Guadalupe injured 15 people. Authorities blamed the attack on drug cartels targeting the civilian population to cause chaos.
    (AFP, 10/2/10)(AFP, 10/3/10)(AP, 10/4/10)

2010        Oct 5, US ATF deputy director Kenneth Melson and Mexico Attorney General Arturo Chavez signed a memorandum of understanding that will increase to 30 a month the number of people trained to use the program, known as eTrace, an electronic database that can trace the manufacture, import, sale and ownership of guns.
    (AP, 10/6/10)

2010        Oct 8, In Mexico Antonio Jimenez Banos (47), who would have taken office in January in Martires de Tacubaya, was killed by an assailant as he was returning to his farm. Eleven sitting mayors have been killed so far this year in Mexico.
    (AP, 10/9/10)

2010        Oct 10, In Chandler, Arizona, Martin Alejandro Cota-Monroy's body was found in a suburban Phoenix apartment, his severed head a couple feet away. Detectives suspected that Cota-Monroy's killing was punishment for stealing drugs. A police report on Feb 2, 2011, said that Cota-Monroy stole 400 pounds of marijuana and some meth from the PEI-Estatales/El Chapo drug trafficking organization. Cota-Monroy told the cartel that the Border Patrol had seized the drugs, but the cartel learned the truth and hired men to kidnap and kill him in Nogales, Mexico. Cota-Monroy fled to the Phoenix area, leading the cartel to hire assassins to go to Arizona, befriend Cota-Monroy and kill him. One man, Crisantos Moroyoqui, was later charged in the killing, and three others were believed to have fled to Mexico.
    (AP, 10/30/10)(AP, 3/3/11)

2010        Oct 11, In Mexico 8 police officers were killed in an ambush in Sinaloa state. In Tijuana police found the decapitated bodies of two men hung by their feet off a bridge. Their heads were found in a car abandoned on the bridge.
    (AP, 10/11/10)

2010        Oct 12, Mexican soldiers captured Seiki Ogata, an alleged Tabasco state Zetas gang leader, along with 5 other gang members. Ogata was suspected of organizing the massacre of a dead marine Melquisedet Angulo’s family last Dec., just days after Angulo had been killed during a raid in Cuernavaca, that left drug kingpin Arturo Beltran Leyva dead. Authorities in Sinaloa state said they found 3 beheaded bodies along a highway that leads to the town of Imala. The bodies were accompanied with a message that accused them of being kidnappers. The decapitated head of police commander Rolando Flores was found in a suitcase outside a Mexican Army base. He had been investigating the reported shooting of an American tourist on Falcon Lake. Pirates have robbed boaters and fisherman on the Mexican side. Motorists found a decapitated body underneath a bridge on a road leading to the beachside neighborhood of Playas de Tijuana. Earlier in the day police found a human head inside a bag in another Tijuana neighborhood, but it did not belong to the body found underneath the bridge.
    (AP, 10/13/10)(AP, 10/14/10)
2010        Oct 12, Hurricane Paula, the ninth hurricane of the busy 2010 Atlantic season, churned toward the east coast of Mexico's Yucatan peninsula.
    (Reuters, 10/12/10)

2010        Oct 13, In Mexico six prison guards were killed while driving to work in Chihuahua city, capital of Chihuahua state. In the northern state of Sinaloa, two police officers were killed when gunmen ambushed their patrol in Mazatlan.
    (AP, 10/14/10)
2010        Oct 13, Mexican national Jose Antonio Medina Arreguin (36) was booked into a Ventura, Ca., county jail after being extradited from his home country. Court documents later showed Medina, accused of being Mexico's "King of Heroin," caught on wiretap conversations talking to coconspirators about drug transactions involving hundreds of thousands of dollars. In March 2011 Arreguin pleaded guilty and faced up to 24 years in prison.
    (AP, 11/13/10)(AP, 3/17/11)

2010        Oct 14, In Mexico the W Radio station broadcast what it described as a telephone conversation between federal lawmaker Cesar Godoy and one of Mexico's biggest drug lords. W Radio said the alleged conversation took place last year between Godoy and La Familia cartel leader Servando Gomez, known as "La Tuta." In it Godoy and Gomez express support for each other and discuss bribing a reporter. Mexican marines battled suspected drug cartel gunmen whose allies erected at least a dozen roadblocks in the northeastern city of Monterrey. One marine and three gunmen were killed.
    (AP, 10/14/10)(AP, 10/15/10)

2010        Oct 15, In Mexico armed men entered through the back of a house in a residential neighborhood near the center of Ciudad Juarez, surprising the party-goers with an assault-rifle attack that killed 6 people.
    (Reuters, 10/16/10)
2010        Oct 15, A light plane carrying four US citizens on a medical aid flight crashed in Baja California, killing all four aboard. The plane that went down was one of three on a mission from the San Luis Obispo, Ca., area.
    (AP, 10/17/10)

2010        Oct 16, In Mexico gunmen in the border city of Ciudad Juarez killed a local official and his son. Rito Grado Serrano was regional president of the community of El Porvenir outside Ciudad Juarez but lived with his family in Ciudad Juarez.
    (AP, 10/17/10)
2010        Oct 16, In Mexico the body of Lane Gilbert (46) of Marin County, Ca., was discovered in a lot behind a police station in Santa Maria Coyotepec, a town southwest of Oaxaca City. He had suffered multiple machete wounds. Gilbert was last seen leaving his home in San Andres Huayapan on Aug 27.
    (AP, 10/19/10)

2010        Oct 17, The Mexican Navy said two men were killed in a confrontation with marines in Tamaulipas state. A Sonora state police officer was found dead, apparently from a blow to the head, alongside the road in Benito Juarez municipality. Ciudad Juarez gunmen burst into a home where a family was having a party. 3 women and 2 men died at the scene, and a man and a woman died at the hospital. Assailants attacked a second home in the neighborhood minutes later, killing 2 men.
    (AP, 10/17/10)(AP, 10/19/10)

2010        Oct 18, In Mexico a bus has crashed into the back of a trailer truck and caught fire, killing 19 people outside the city of Queretaro. Security forces seized at least 105 tons of US-bound marijuana in Tijuana, by far the biggest pot bust in the country in recent years. The estimated weight was soon revised to 134.2 tons and said to likely belong to the Sinaloa cartel, run by Mexico's most wanted fugitive, Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman.
    (AP, 10/18/10)(AP, 10/20/10)

2010        Oct 20, In northern Mexico Marisol Valles Garcia (20) was sworn in as the police chief of the township of Praxedis G. Guerrero, a township of 8,500 on a drug trafficking route along the Texas border. Soldiers battled gunmen in two cities across the border from Texas, prompting panicked parents to pull children from school and factories to warn workers to stay inside.  In Nuevo Laredo 5 gunmen were killed and 3 soldiers were wounded during shootouts. Assailants in a third city threw a grenade at an army barracks. In Ciudad Juarez a Texas National Guard soldier (21) was reportedly one of two men killed.
    (SFC, 10/21/10, p.A4)(AP, 10/20/10)(AP, 10/21/10)

2010        Oct 21, Mexican police found the bullet-ridden bodies of seven people in different parts of southern Guerrero state. Among them was Antonio Valdez, leader of the Institutional Revolutionary Party in the resort city of Acapulco. Valdez and three other men were found dead on the outskirts of the city with a message accusing them of being allied with Edgar Valdez Villarreal, alias "The Barbie."
    (AP, 10/22/10)
2010        Oct 21, In central Mexico Canadian industrial giant Bombardier and Mexican President Felipe Calderon opened a new 250-million-dollar plant where it will produce components for the Learjet 85 business aircraft.
    (AFP, 10/21/10)

2010        Oct 22, In Mexico at least 13 young people (aged 13 to 32), including 6 women and girls, were shot dead and 20 wounded in an attack on a house party in Ciudad Juarez. A 14th person died  soon after from wounds.
     (AP, 10/23/10)(AP, 10/25/10)
2010        Oct 22, Mexican authorities said federal police have captured Huang Chen Yaowei, the suspected leader of a gang that trafficked Chinese migrants through Mexico to the US.
    (AP, 10/23/10)

2010        Oct 23, In the southern Mexico state of Oaxaca Heriberto Pazos, the leader of a leftist Indian group left disabled in 2001 by a previous assassination attempt, was shot to death by gunmen riding on a motorcycle.
    (AP, 10/24/10)

2010        Oct 24, In Tijuana, Mexico, a gang of armed men burst into the building of a drug rehab center and gunned down 13 recovering addicts there. Police said at least 10 were killed. In the southern Pacific coast state of Guerrero, state police found the bound, executed bodies of six men on a highway outside the resort city of Acapulco. 3 people were killed in the crossfire of a shootout between gunmen, police and soldiers in northern Coahuila state.
    (AP, 10/25/10)

2010        Oct 26, In Mexico the bodies of two men, one of them decapitated, were found inside an SUV in Ciudad Juarez. Police suspected they may have been behind the massacre of 14 young people at a birthday party. The entire police force of the small northeastern town of Los Ramones quit, Nuevo Leon state, a day after gunmen attacked their headquarters. Oaxaca state police found the bound, tortured bodies of four people in a clandestine grave in a vacant lot near the state capital. In Morelos state the bodies of four men were found near a roadside with about 30 shell casings. A 25-year-old American was shot to death outside a restaurant in Ciudad Juarez. Gunmen killed three undercover Mexican federal police officers as they waited for a person to cross a bridge from El Paso, Texas.
    (AP, 10/27/10)(AFP, 10/27/10)(AP, 10/27/10)

2010        Oct 27, In Mexico gunmen killed 15 people at a car wash in Tepic, Nayarit state, where drug-gang violence has risen this year. It was the third massacre in Mexico in less than a week. A Chihuahua state police officer was killed in his Ciudad Juarez home.
    (AP, 10/27/10)

2010        Oct 28, In Mexico gunmen killed 6 young men in a gritty neighborhood of Mexico City. Gunmen ambushed a convoy of 5 police vehicles in Jalisco state, killing 9 officers and leaving one missing. In Zapopan, a suburb of the Jalisco state capital of Guadalajara, two boys (2) and 3 other people were wounded by grenade fragments during an attack on a private home. The United States delivered three mobile X-ray inspection vehicles to Mexico as part of the Merida Initiative anti-drug aid plan. Francisco Javier Gomez Meza, the director of the Puente Grande prison, was arrested for alleged ties to drug gangs.
    (AP, 10/28/10)(AP, 10/29/10)

2010        Oct 29, In Mexico a man was found shot to death and left in the Pacific resort city of Acapulco. Lorena Izaguirre (24), a US citizen and El Paso resident, was killed inside a tortilla shop in Ciudad Juarez. A Mexican man was also found dead in the store.
    (AP, 10/30/10)(AP, 11/2/10)

2010        Oct 30, In Mexico City an explosion inside a home where illegal fireworks were stored wrecked two houses, killing at least three adults and two children. A US woman and an American boy were slain shortly after crossing an international bridge from El Paso to Ciudad Juarez. Giovanna Herrera (26) and Luis Araiza (15) were shot to death along with a Mexican man traveling with them.
    (AP, 10/31/10)(AP, 11/2/10)

2010        Oct 31, Mexican police found the missing rental car of Canadian businessman Daniel Dion just north of the state capital of Chilpancingo. It was found completely burned with a corpse in the trunk. Dion was last seen about a week ago in Acapulco. Edgar Lopez (35) of El Paso, Texas, was killed along with two Mexican men when gunmen opened fire on a group standing outside a house in Ciudad Juarez.
    (AP, 10/31/10)(AP, 11/2/10)

2010        Nov 2, In Mexico 4 men were shot dead in the Pacific port city of Acapulco and at least 18 others were killed elsewhere in the latest gang-style violence. Eder Diaz (23) a student across the border at the Univ. of Texas at El Paso, was attacked along with classmate Manuel Acosta (25). Acosta was killed at the scene, while Diaz died the next day at a Juarez hospital.
    (AFP, 11/3/10)(AP, 11/3/10)

2010        Nov 3, In Mexico police recovered 18 bodies from a mass grave announced in a YouTube posting, a video saying the victims were from a tourist group kidnapped in Acapulco a month ago. In the video two men say they killed the "Michoacanos" in an act of revenge against La Familia, a powerful drug cartel based in Michoacan state. Two bodies reported in the tip were found wearing the same clothes as the pair seen in the video and were lying on top of the mass the grave.
    (AP, 11/4/10)
2010        Nov 3, Federal authorities in San Diego said they have made one of the largest marijuana seizures in the United States, confiscating more than 20 tons of pot that was smuggled into the country through an underground tunnel connecting warehouses on either side of California's border with Mexico.
    (AP, 11/4/10)

2010        Nov 5, Mexico's federal police said they have found the tortured body of Mario Gonzalez, the brother of Patricia Gonzalez, the former Chihuahua state attorney general. He was kidnapped on Oct 21 and eight people have been arrested in the slaying. A video had surfaced online showing the kidnapped man saying at gunpoint that he and his sister protected a street gang tied to the Juarez cartel and was behind several murders. Reputed Gulf cartel leader Antonio Ezequiel Cardenas Guillen (48), also known as "Tony Tormenta" or "Tony the Storm," was killed along with four of his gunmen and three marines in the city of Matamoros. A soldier and local reporter Carlos Guajardo were also killed in related mayhem that began in the morning and lasted into the evening. The arrest of two alleged drug traffickers in the historic city of Patzcuaro outside of Morelia sparked roadblocks and car fires on the road between the two cities in the western state of Michoacan, which is controlled by La Familia cartel.
    (AP, 11/5/10)(AP, 11/6/10)

2010        Nov 6, In Mexico the decapitated body of a 30-year-old man was found in an Acapulco neighborhood. Another man was found shot to death and a 27-year-old woman who had been kidnapped last month was found strangled and dumped in a trash bin, a black hood covering her face. Seven men at a family party in ciudad Juarez were gunned down. 11 other people were killed in the city, including two whose bodies were found dismembered. Police in Oaxaca city found a human head in a gift-wrapped box left on the side of a cliff popular for its view of the picturesque colonial center.
    (AP, 11/7/10)

2010        Nov 7, In Mexico two Ciudad Juarez police officers, a man and a woman, were shot to death inside their patrol car.
    (AP, 11/7/10)

2010        Nov 8, Mexican police arrested Manuel "The Sow" Fernandez Valencia, a reputed Sinaloa cartel associate. He was suspected of plotting with cartel capo Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman, one of Mexico's most wanted drug lords, to smuggle eight tons of marijuana into the US by the end of this year. Gregorio Barradas Mirabete, the mayor of Juan Rodriguez Clara, a small town in southern Veracruz state, was kidnapped and killed, along with two others.
    (AP, 11/9/10)

2010        Nov 9, In Mexico members of the Inter American Press Association concluded a four-day assembly in Merida and issued a report citing concerns that both government censorship and organized crime pose threats to journalists in the region.
    (AP, 11/10/10)
2010        Nov 9, In Mexico a one-page letter allegedly signed by "La Familia Michoacana" drug cartel was dropped in the streets of some mountain towns in the western state of Michoacan. It also showed up as a banner above an overpass and was sent as an e-mail to reporters. The letter offered to dissolve the gang if the government promises to protect citizens in Michoacan.
    (AP, 11/10/10)
2010        Nov 9, Mexican bread maker Grupo Bimbo, the world’s largest bread maker, said it has agreed to buy Sara Lee Corp.’s North American bakery business for $959 million to boost sales outside Mexico.
    (SFC, 11/10/10, p.D4)

2010        Nov 10, In Mexico gunmen attacked the office of El Sur newspaper in the resort city of Acapulco, spraying the building with bullets but causing no injuries.
    (AP, 11/12/10)
2010        Nov 10, US investigators said authorities have dismantled a major cell of a human smuggling ring that may be responsible for the transportation of thousands of illegal immigrants from the US-Mexico border to Phoenix and other parts of the country. 9 people were arrested after a yearlong investigation and 62 vans were seized from the group. The group was led by a Mexican man named as Mark Rodriguez-Banks (29), aka Ricardo Morales-Mejia.
    (AP, 11/10/10)

2010        Nov 11, Petroleos Mexicanos (Pemex) said it is losing about $350,000 every day in lost production due to threats and violence by drug gangs.
    (SFC, 11/12/10, p.A2)

2010        Nov 12, Morelos state prosecutor said soldiers are hunting a 12-year-old suspected drug gang hitman accused of helping wage a gruesome turf war in central Mexico. 2 housewives this week took over the running of the police near Ciudad Juarez in Chihuahua state, after no one else applied for the dangerous job. Olga Herrera (43), a mother of five, was appointed police chief in the town of Villa Luz, while Veronica Rios will be in charge of the police department in the town of El Vergel, both just south of Ciudad Juarez.
    (Reuters, 11/12/10)

2010        Nov 14, In Mexico a powerful explosion killed five Canadian tourists and two Mexican workers at the 4-year-old Grand Riviera Princess hotel on the posh Riviera Maya. A build up of swamp gas under the foundation was first suspected. Evidence later pointed to a gas line leak.
    (AP, 11/15/10)(SFC, 11/17/10, p.A2)(AP, 12/15/10)
2010        Nov 14, In Mexico gunmen burst into a bar called "Desesperados" in the Mexican border city of Ciudad Juarez and opened fire, killing five people and wounding nine others. Assailants also killed the Gerardo Ortiz, the Chihuahua state's prisons director, and his son in a second attack in the area. Police in Acapulco found the bound, bullet-ridden bodies of five men on the outskirts of the city. In Guerrero state detectives reported they had found the bodies of two more men buried in a clandestine gave in a coconut grove where 18 bodies had been unearthed last week.
    (AP, 11/15/10)

2010        Nov 16, US officials arrested Bruce Beresford-Redman, a former producer of hit TV show "Survivor," at his home in Los Angeles and held him for extradition to Mexico where he has been accused of murdering his wife in April.
    (Reuters, 11/17/10)
2010        Nov 16, The UN Education, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) recognized everything from the growing of corn, beans and chilies to Mexican dishes prepared with grinding stones and mortars as an ancient process worth safeguarding in the face of encroaching global influences. France's multi-course gastronomic meal, Flamenco in Spain and carpet-weaving in Azerbaijan also made the list.
    (AP, 11/17/10)
2010        Nov 16, In Mexico Francisco Alberto Ruiz (35), a Colombian billing manager for Swiss-based oil services company Weatherford International, was found shot dead at the company's property in Tihuatlan, Veracruz state.
    (AP, 11/19/10)

2010        Nov 17, A gunbattle between Mexican soldiers and drug cartel gunmen near the border with Texas killed 11 alleged gang members and prompted the US to reinforce security at international crossings. In Cancun the owner of a company that distributes plastic bags was shot to death in a parking lot near the hotel zone. A mother, father and their adult son were found dead from gunshot wounds in Majahual, a fishing village near the border with Belize. A man was shot to death while leaving his house in the exclusive Tijuana neighborhood of Chapultepec. 2 other people were wounded in a shootout on one of the city's main avenues.
    (AP, 11/18/10)(AP, 11/19/10)

2010        Nov 19, In Mexico the bodies of two men were found hanging from the Los Alamos bridge in Tijuana.
    (AP, 11/19/10)

2010        Nov 20, In Mexico a gang of suspected kidnappers were arrested by marines. They had detailed plans of security arrangements for next week's UN climate change talks in Cancun.
    (Reuters, 11/22/10)

2010        Nov 21, In Mexico Silverio Cavazos Ceballos (41), the former governor of the Pacific state of Colima (2005-2009), was shot dead by a group of armed men. Police mounting an operation to find the killers came across a doctor in an area near the crime. He was startled by officers and began to run away. They shot him dead when he ignored orders to stop.
    (AP, 11/21/10)(AP, 11/22/10)

2010        Nov 23, Mexican police arrested Carlos Montemayor Gonzalez, nicknamed "El Charro," or "The Cowboy," with help from the US Drug Enforcement Administration." He was linked to the recently arrested US-born kingpin known as "La Barbie," and to the killing of 20 Mexican tourists in September.
    (AFP, 11/24/10)
2010        Nov 23, In Atlanta, Georgia, Amador Cortes-Meza (36) of Mexico was convicted on federal charges of orchestrating a sex trafficking scheme in which prosecutors say he lured impoverished young Mexican women to the Atlanta area with false promises of better lives, high-paying jobs and even hints of romance. He was accused of bringing at least 10 women to the area between spring 2006 and June 2008.
    (AP, 11/24/10)

2010        Nov 24, In southern Mexico Ciro Diaz Sanchez, the mayor of Pueblo Nuevo Solistahuacan, and mayor-elect Pedro Bautista, disappeared after Mexico's army detained members of the municipal police force and other local officials on suspicion they were working for a drug cartel. The two, both members of the leftist Democratic Revolution Party, went missing ahead of searches of their houses, which turned up high-caliber weapons and two stolen cars at Bautista's.
    (AP, 11/26/10)
2010        Nov 24, A Mexican air force cargo plane crashed at Monterrey International Airport killing five military personnel.
    (AP, 11/25/10)

2010        Nov 25, US authorities found a sophisticated tunnel used to smuggle drugs between Mexico and San Diego, the second such discovery in the region in less than a month. Investigators seized some 20 tons of marijuana. The 2,200-foot passage ran from a residence in Tijuana to a warehouse in San Diego's Otay Mesa area.
    (AP, 11/25/10)(SFC, 11/27/10, p.A5)

2010        Nov 25, In Mexico preliminary data was released by the National Institute for Statistics and Geography. It said Mexico had 112.3 million inhabitants as of July, 3.6 million more than experts had projected.
    (AP, 11/25/10)

2010        Nov 27, Mexico's federal police in Ciudad Juarez captured Arturo Gallegos Castrellon (32), a presumed leader of the Aztecas cross-border drug gang. He was suspected in dozens of killings, including the slaying of a US consulate worker. Two other members of the gang were arrested with Gallegos on charges of transporting drugs and weapons.
    (AP, 11/28/10)

2010        Nov 29, Mexican federal police arrested Jose Alfredo Landa Torres (37), a leader of the La Familia operations in Morelia, Michoacan state. La Familia recently made an unusual offer to disband if the government proves it can protect citizens from other criminals in Michoacan. Mexican soldiers found 18 bodies buried on a ranch near the Texas border. Gunmen killed Hermila Garcia (36), a female police chief of the town of Meoqui in Chihuahua state.
    (AP, 11/30/10)(Reuters, 11/30/10)
2010        Nov 29, In Mexico a 2-week UN conference opened on global warming. Some 15,000 negotiators, environmental activists, businessmen and journalists convened at Cancun to overcome the disconnect between rich and poor nations on fighting global warming.
    (AP, 11/29/10)

2010        Nov 30, Mexico City lawmakers approved legislation to allow women in the capital district to be surrogate mothers.
    (AP, 11/30/10)
2010        Nov 30, A Mexican human rights group and Disability Rights Int’l. released a report on atrocious and abusive conditions in Mexican institutions for the mentally and physically disabled.
    (SFC, 12/1/10, p.A3)

2010        Dec 2, Mexico’s army detained a 14-year-old suspected of working as a killer for a drug cartel. The alleged young assassin, nicknamed "El Ponchis," was captured at the airport in Cuernavaca with his 19-year-old sister as they were trying to catch a flight to Tijuana. The siblings' mother was arrested in her San Diego apartment on Dec 6 and charged on Dec 8 with entering the US illegally. On Dec 9 US officials said the boy, Edgar Jimenez Lugo, was born in San Diego. On Feb 9, 2011, Jimenez was charged with the homicides and other crimes, including arms possession and transporting cocaine. On July 26, 2011, Jimenez was sentenced to 3 years in prison.
    (AP, 12/3/10)(AP, 12/9/10)(AP, 2/10/11)(AP, 7/26/11)

2010        Dec 3, Mexican Judge Fernando Cordova del Valle ruled that prosecutors failed to bring enough evidence against Sandra Avila Beltran, described by US and Mexican officials as a major decision-maker for the Sinaloa gang, Mexico's most powerful cartel. The "Queen of the Pacific" had been charged with organized crime, conspiracy to traffic drugs and money laundering. Mexican police arrested Jacobo Tagle Dobin (31), a suspect in the 2005 kidnapping and presumed killing of Hugo Alberto Wallace (36), a Mexican businessman, whose crusading mother led a high-profile campaign that helped crack open the case. In January, 2011, Beltran was  sentenced to time already served on a weapons charge.
    (AP, 12/3/10)(AP, 12/5/10)(AP, 2/6/11)

2010        Dec 5, In Mexico armed commandos attacked two drug rehabilitation centers in Ciudad Juarez, killing four people and wounding five.
    (AP, 12/6/10)

2010        Dec 7, Mexico's Defense Department said soldiers killed six assailants in a clash in the northern state of Tamaulipas, across the border from Texas. In Cancun police said they found the bodies of three men who had been shot to death in neighborhoods far from where UN Climate Change conference was taking place. The body of a fourth man was found in another Cancun neighborhood.
    (AP, 12/7/10)

2010        Dec 8, Mexican federal police investigating a tip about the presence of armed men in Apatzingan in Michoacan state came under fire from La Familia gunmen. Gunmen fired on civilian cars and used the sometimes-burning vehicles as barricades in Apatzingan. An 8-month-old baby, riding in a taxi with his mother, was killed as was the teenage daughter of a former city mayor, and a local police officer.
    (AP, 12/10/10)(SFC, 12/10/10, p.A12)
2010        Dec 8, In Mexico a federal police helicopter that had transported two inmates to a Mexican prison crashed in Veracruz state, killing four people and injuring two others.
    (AP, 12/8/10)

2010        Dec 9, In Mexico federal police hunted for top leaders of the La Familia drug cartel in Michoacan state, unleashing narco-blockades and shootouts that left 2 more people dead. La Familia cartel leader Nazario Moreno Gonzalez (40), known as "The Craziest One," was killed in a clash between police and cartel gunmen. Police recovered the bodies of three other suspected La Familia members and detained three others. In northern Chihuahua state six people were gunned down by the side of a highway leading south of the capital. In the resort city of Acapulco, a traffic cop was found shot to death on a road, his hands bound.
    (AP, 12/10/10)(SFC, 12/10/10, p.A12)(AP, 12/11/10)

2010        Dec 10, In Mexico a gunbattle between rival gangs left 11 people dead during a Virgin of Guadalupe celebration in the western town of Tecalitlan.
    (AP, 12/12/10)
2010        Dec 10, Mexico scrambled to break an impasse between rich and poor nations over future cuts in greenhouse gas emissions as 190-nation climate talks went down to the wire.
    (Reuters, 12/10/10)

2010        Dec 11, In Cancun, Mexico, almost 200 countries agreed to modest steps to combat climate change, including a Green Climate Fund to help poor nations, but they put off tough decisions on cutting greenhouse gas emissions until next year.
    (Reuters, 12/11/10)

2010        Dec 12, Mexican police arrested Enrique Lopez of the notorious Sinaloa drug trafficking operation based in the northern Mexico town of Chihuahua. His brother, Ever Horacio Lopez, was shot and killed in the standoff with police. The men were lieutenants of Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman, said to be Mexico's most wanted man, who is believed to have escaped.
    (AFP, 12/13/10)
2010        Dec 12, The Washington Post reported that 8 out of the 12 top US gun dealers whose products fuel Mexico's drug violence are located in the state of Texas. 3 others were in Arizona, and one was in California. There are 3,800 gun retailers in Texas, 300 in Houston alone.
    (AFP, 12/12/10)

2010        Dec 13, US immigration agents discovered a 13-foot drug tunnel stretching from the Mexican border to a metered parking space in Arizona, where vehicles with holes cut in the bottom would park and take marijuana from people inside the underground space.
    (AP, 12/14/10)

2010        Dec 14, Mexico’s death toll in drug-related violence in the border city of Ciudad Juarez rose to 3,000 this year after 2 men were shot dead on a street.
    (AP, 12/14/10)
2010        Dec 14, In Arizona a shootout between border patrol agents and bandits near the border with Mexico left American agent Brian A. Terry (40) dead and a suspect wounded. On May 6, 2011, Manuel Osorio-Arellanes of El Fuerte, Mexico, was indicted for 2nd degree murder. On July 9, 2012, a federal grand jury indictment named 6 people involved in Terry’s killing. A $1 million reward was offered to help track 4 fugitives in the case. On Feb 10, 2014 Osorio-Arellanes was sentenced to 30 years in prison.
    (AP, 12/16/10)(SFC, 5/7/11, p.A4)(SFC, 7/10/12, p.A6)(SFC, 2/11/14, p.A5)

2010        Dec 16, Mexico said that more than 30,000 people have been killed in drug violence since President Felipe Calderon launched a crackdown against cartels in late 2006. Masked men pulled up in a car in front of the governor's office in Chihuahua. One appeared to exchange words with anti-crime crusader Marisela Escobedo Ortiz, who was holding a vigil outside. She tried to flee by running across the street, but the gunman chased her down and shot her in the head. The burned and dismembered remains of Escobedo's 17-year-old daughter were found in a Ciudad Juarez trash bin in June, 2009. Three judges ordered the release of the main suspect in the daughter's killing after he was absolved by a court in April for lack of evidence. The scandal resulted in the suspension of the judges. The judges resigned on March 11, 2011.
    (AP, 12/16/10)(AP, 12/18/10)(AP, 3/15/11)
2010        Dec 16, In Mexico some 50-100 migrants were reportedly abducted by an armed group that stopped a freight train they were traveling on as it entered Oaxaca state from the border state of Chiapas.
    (AFP, 12/21/10)

2010        Dec 17, In Mexico 141 inmates, a number later raised to 153, escaped from a state prison in the northern border city of Nuevo Laredo. Authorities said the breakout was probably helped by prison employees. More than 40 prison guards were later charged with helping 153 inmates escape from the prison. 11 men were reported abducted from a bar in Acapulco. Two of the abducted men were later found dead. Their hands and feet had been cut off. On Dec 27  police in Acapulco found the decapitated bodies of two more men in front of the same bar.
    (AP, 12/17/10)(AP, 12/28/10)

2010        Dec 18, In Mexico a lumber operation, associated with the family of anti-crime crusader Marisela Escobedo Ortiz, killed on Dec 16, was burned down in Ciudad Juarez by unknown arsonists. The body of Manuel Monge Amparan, a relative of Marisela Escobedo Ortiz, was dumped on a street in Ciudad Juarez.
    (AP, 12/18/10)(AP, 12/20/10)

2010        Dec 19, In Mexico a massive oil pipeline explosion lay waste to parts of in San Martin Texmelucan, incinerating people, cars, houses and trees as gushing crude turned streets into flaming rivers. At least 29 people were killed, 14 of them children. Authorities blamed oil thieves after investigators found a hole in the pipeline and equipment for extracting crude. On Jan 10 a police officer died of his injuries bringing the death toll to 30.
    (AP, 12/19/10)(AP, 12/22/10)(AP, 1/10/11)

2010        Dec 21, In Mexico seven gunmen kidnapped 9 Central American migrants from a train near the Ixtepec, a town in Oaxaca state. Five of the migrants escaped and reported the kidnapping. Another was killed as he tried to flee. 3 remained missing.
    (AP, 12/27/10)

2010        Dec 24, In Mexico 11 of the murder victims were shot in Ciudad Juarez.
    (AFP, 12/25/10)

2010        Dec 25, In Mexico 2 more murder victims were shot in Ciudad Juarez.
    (AFP, 12/25/10)

2010        Dec 27, In Mexico police in Guerrero state found the remains of three people in a clandestine grave in the town Teloloapan. A police report said the three unknown people were believed to have been killed about four months ago. In the Gulf coast state of Veracruz one policeman was killed, and a local police commander was wounded when a man opened fire on municipal offices in the town of Otatitlan. The Defense Department said troops patrolling the mountainous area of Tamazula, Durango, discovered a cache of weapons and 770 kg (1,697 pounds) of marijuana in 191 bales.
    (AP, 12/28/10)

2010        Dec 28, In Mexico gunmen battled police in the northern state of Durango, leaving two bystanders, a federal agent and two drug cartel suspects dead. 13 suspects were detained, including several former state policemen who allegedly worked for the Sinaloa cartel headed by fugitive drug lord Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman," which is fighting the Zetas gang for control of the region. The navy captured four suspects linked to drug-cartel activities, including two females under the age of 18. A raid by a feared drug gang burned down half of the isolated village of Tierras Coloradas, Durango state, leaving more than 150 people, mostly children, homeless in the raw mountain winter.
    (AP, 12/29/10)(AP, 12/30/10)(Reuters, 2/17/11)

2010        Dec 29, In Mexico gunmen believed to be linked to drug cartels killed 4 police officers and a doctor in apparently coordinated attacks in and around the northern city of Monterrey. Six people were found dead in the southern state of Guerrero.
    (AP, 12/30/10)
2010        Dec 29, Honduras and Mexico announced they have agreed to create a high-level group to combat attacks on undocumented Honduran migrants who are passing through the country en route to the United States.
    (AP, 12/29/10)

2010        Dec 31, Mexico's federal police said that the once-fearsome La Familia drug cartel has been "completely dismembered" and has broken down into small groups that commit robberies to pay their members. The half-naked body of a woman who had escaped from prison officials while facing kidnapping charges was found hanging by the neck from an overpass in Monterey. 5 inmates, including a Colombian man sentenced to more than 20 years for smuggling a ton of cocaine into Mexico aboard a boat, escaped a prison in Cancun.
    (AP, 12/31/10)(AP, 1/5/11)

2010        Malcolm Beith authored “The Last Narco: Hunting El Chapo, the World’s Most Wanted Drug Lord.”
    (Econ, 9/18/10, p.105)
2010        Charles Bowden authored “Murder City: Ciudad Juarez and the Global Economy’s New Killing Fields.”
    (SSFC, 4/25/10, p.F3)
2010        Mexico's drug violence left 15,273 dead in 2010, making it the deadliest year yet since President Felipe Calderon launched a military crackdown on organized crime.
    (AFP, 1/12/11)
2010        Mexico this year was the world’s 11th largest by population and the 14th largest in economic size.
    (Econ, 10/16/10, p.29)

2011        Jan 2, Mexican officials announced plans to shake-up of the corruption-ridden immigration institute, after a year that saw some of the worst atrocities against illegal migrants trekking through the country. Two boys ages 14 and 17 were shot to death in the remote mountain town of Alcozahuca, near the Oaxaca state line. 2 men dressed up in clown costumes were found executed in the city of Cardenas, Tabasco.
    (AP, 1/2/11)(AP, 1/4/11)(AP, 1/5/11)

2011        Jan 3, In Mexico the severed head of Ramses Mendoza (30) was found hanging from a bridge in the Mexican border city of Tijuana. Hours earlier, a woman between 30 and 35 years old was found shot to death in another Tijuana neighborhood, also with a threatening message left nearby. Unidentified gunmen shot to death Sonora state's interim prison director, Erasto Ortiz Valencia, outside his home. The assistant police chief of the city of Empalme, near the coastal city of Guaymas, was also shot to death by a gunmen who fired an assault rifle from an SUV. Police in Acapulco reported they had found the bound bodies of four young men dumped on a main boulevard. Gunmen opened fire on people gathered at a street corner in the northern city of Monterrey, killing two adults and a 13-year-old boy.
    (AP, 1/4/11)(AP, 1/5/11)(AP, 1/7/11)

2011        Jan 4, Mexican federal police announced they had arrested three US citizens in a sport utility vehicle loaded with 159 packages of marijuana hidden in the bodywork and gas tank. , Prosecutors said the David Romo, the leader of Mexico's Death Saint cult, has been detained on suspicion of participating in a kidnapping ring. Romo was one of nine suspects placed under a form of house arrest for 30 days pending investigation. The Mexican army detained the local operations leader for the Sinaloa cartel, Jesus de la Cruz Lopez, alias "The Tomato."
    (AP, 1/4/11)(AP, 1/5/11)

2011        Jan 5, In Mexico a gang of teenagers, most 15-years-old, were detained after a running shootout with officers in Ciudad Juarez. Acapulco police said they found the bodies of three men tossed into a sewer. The victims had been shot in the head and in the chest.
    (AP, 1/5/11)
2011        Jan 5, A US Border Patrol agent was involved in a shooting on the Arizona border with Mexico that resulted in the death of Ramses Barron Torres (17), who was trying to illegally scale the border fence.
    (Reuters, 1/5/11)(SFC, 1/8/11, p.A2)

2011        Jan 6, In Mexico 2 purported drug dealers were arrested on suspicion of decapitating a man who owed them money and hanging his severed head from a bridge in the border city of Tijuana. 2 men were found shot to death in the trunk of a car parked outside the General Hospital in Tijuana. Their hands and feet were bound and their bodies bore signs of torture. Gunmen later attacked three men driving past a Tijuana shopping mall, killing one and wounding the other two. Gunmen shot to death Francisco Aparicio Mendez, the police chief of the town of Taretan, in western Michoacan state. In Ciudad Juarez the body of Susana Chavez was found strangled and mutilated after a night of partying with three teenagers, who were drunk and on drugs. She had led protests against the unsolved killings of women, but authorities said her killing had nothing to do with her activism. Her left arm chopped off. She was not identified until Jan 11.
    (AP, 1/6/11)(AP, 1/12/11)

2011        Jan 7, In northern Mexico authorities found a bullet-ridden body that matches the description of Saul Vara Rivera (48), the mayor Zaragoza, a town near the Texas border, who disappeared two days earlier. The body was found in the neighboring state of Nuevo Leon.
    (AP, 1/7/11)

2011        Jan 8, Mexican police found the headless bodies of 14 men and a 15th intact corpse outside a shopping center in the Pacific coast resort of Acapulco. Narco-messages indicated the Sinaloa cartel killed the 15 men for trying to intrude on the gang's turf and extort residents. Also killed in Acapulco were two police officers; six people shot dead and stuffed in a taxi, their hands and feet bound; and four others elsewhere in the city. 10 people were kidnapped from a local discotheque. 3 of their bodies were found the next day. In Mexico City four young men were killed in a drive by shooting outside a grocery store.
    (AP, 1/8/11)(AP, 1/9/11)(AFP, 1/9/11)

2011        Jan 9, Mexican authorities in Chihuahua state reported 17 people murdered over the weekend, 14 of them in Ciudad Juarez.
    (AFP, 1/9/11)

2011        Jan 10, Mexico said it will stop subjecting a rotating list of US products to tariffs after the United States offered to reach a deal to allow Mexican trucks on US roads and end a long-running trade dispute. Mexico will maintain punitive tariffs on 99 US products but will not add any more pending negotiations.
    (Reuters, 1/10/11)(SFC, 1/11/11, p.A2)
2011        Jan 10, In Mexico the body of a murdered man was found on the main highway to Acapulco, bringing to 31 the number of people killed in the Pacific resort city over four days. Abraham Ortiz Rosales, the mayor of Temoac in Morelos state, was shot to death as he drove with his wife and son near the town of Jantetelco. Federal prosecutors said 5 people have been arrested in the kidnappings of Central American migrants in southern Mexico.
    (AP, 1/11/11)

2011        Jan 13, In Mexico 12 suspected drug cartel gunmen and two Mexican soldiers were killed in a shootout that lasted almost six hours in the Veracruz state capital of Xalapa.
    (AP, 1/14/11)

2011        Jan 15, In Mexico Cmdr. Raul Espinoza and a guard were kidnapped about 5 a.m. in Boca del Rio, just south of the port city of Veracruz.
    (AP, 1/15/11)

2011        Jan 16, In Mexico City Juan Vasconcelos, a reputed local gang assassin, killed 8 people. He had allegedly gone on a cocaine- and alcohol-fueled killing spree that ended with his arrest in February. His first attack left five people dead on Jan. 8. Another killed eight people Jan. 16 and the third left seven dead Feb. 13.
    (AP, 4/3/11)

2011        Jan 17, In Mexico 14 inmates broke out from a jail after escaping through a hole in a wall in the northern border state of Chihuahua. A vehicle charged the metal gate of the Aquiles Serdan Social Rehabilitation Center to pick up the prisoners. 5 were caught, along with three suspected accomplices, following air and ground searches by police. Police said 8 people have died in a shootout among drug dealers in a poor suburb of Mexico City.
    (AFP, 1/17/11)(SFC, 1/18/11, p.A2)
2011        Jan 17, John Ross (72), US poet, author, journalist and political activist who lived in Mexico and wrote extensively on its leftist political movements, died of liver cancer. His books included "Rebellion from the Roots: Zapatista Uprising in Chiapas." 
    (AP, 1/18/11)

2011        Jan 18, Mexico's federal police said they have arrested Flavio Mendez Santiago (35), a founding member of the brutal Zetas drug cartel. He controlled drug smuggling routes and the kidnapping of Central American migrants in southern Mexico. Police found five mutilated bodies outside the wealthy city of Monterrey, part of a series of attacks that killed 23 people and dragged the region deeper into Mexico's drug war.
    (AP, 1/18/11)(Reuters, 1/18/11)

2011        Jan 19, In Mexico Leonardo Vazquez, alias "El Pachis," a suspected top operative of the brutal Zetas drug cartel, died during a confrontation with security forces in Poza Rica city, Veracruz state. Two other suspected members of the drug cartel were taken into custody. Gunmen toting high-powered weapons shot dead two police officers, a man and a woman, in Guadalupe, a suburb of the industrial city of Monterrey. Juan Miguel "El Boxer" Valle Beltran was arrested after the shootout in the seaside city of Playas de Rosarito. He was arrested with 13 suspected underlings.
    (AP, 1/20/11)

2011        Jan 20, Mexican police battled armed suspects at a popular mall in Ciudad Juarez, sending terrified shoppers scrambling and leaving one officer dead. Officials nabbed Jose Lozano (21), the alleged top hit man for an Acapulco drug gang, suspected in the slayings of 22 people earlier this month. Six other suspected members of the Independent Cartel of Acapulco were also arrested.
    (AP, 1/20/11)(AP, 1/23/11)

2011        Jan 21, Mexican soldiers patrolling a rural area on the border with Texas killed 10 suspected drug gang gunmen at a training camp in Valle Hermoso, Tamaulipas state. In Chihuahua state a commander who worked in internal affairs for the local Attorney General's Office was killed along with another agent. In Ciudad Juarez three men died when a gasoline bomb was thrown into their store. Elsewhere in Ciudad Juarez, authorities found the dead bodies of three other victims of apparent gangland murders. The Mexican military seized 45 pounds of marijuana, a sports utility vehicle and a metal-framed catapult just south of the Arizona border near the small town of Naco, following a tip-off from the US Border Patrol.
    (AP, 1/22/11)(Reuters, 1/26/11)

2011        Jan 22, In Mexico a police commander died and three officers were wounded when a car bomb exploded in the central state of Hidalgo.
    (AP, 1/22/11)

2011        Jan 23, In Mexico gunmen spraying automatic weapons fire killed 7 people at a park that had been built as an anti-violence measure in Ciudad Juarez. 7 other drug gang suspects were killed in a series of gunbattles outside the northern city of Monterrey. They included a top operator of the Zetas drug gang known as "Comandante Lino." Another seven-hour shootout between soldiers and gunmen broke out in Los Mochis, Sinaloa state. One gunman was killed and two soldiers were wounded.
    (AP, 1/24/11)  

2011        Jan 24, In Mexico 3 people, two men and a 15-year-old boy were killed on a street in neighborhood of Ciudad Juarez where 7 people were killed a day earlier. A series of banners appeared in the western states of Michoacan and Guerrero claiming La Familia drug cartel has decided to disband.
    (AP, 1/24/11)

2011        Jan 25, Mexican federal police shot and killed Jose Humberto Perez (29), a municipal policeman guarding Ciudad Juarez Mayor Hector Murguia, raising tensions between security forces amid a fierce drug war. On Jan 28 federal prosecutors charged two federal police officers with killing the bodyguard.
    (AP, 1/26/11)(AP, 1/29/11)
2011        Jan 25, Mexican authorities said they have seized more than 23 tons of a chemical used in the manufacture of synthetic drugs, during an inspection of a shipment from China. The ethyl phenylacetate was declared as a different product on arrival at the Pacific port of Manzanillo.
    (AFP, 1/26/11)

2011        Jan 26, Mexican authorities discovered 219 migrants squeezed into a trailer truck in the southern state of Chiapas. Most of the migrants were from Central America but six were from Sri Lanka and four were Nepalese. 33 were women and 9 were minors. They were deported the next day.
    (AP, 1/27/11)
2011        Jan 26, Nancy Davis (59) died in a South Texas hospital about 90 minutes after her husband drove the couple's truck against traffic across the Pharr International Bridge. US missionary Sam Davis said gunmen in a pickup truck had shot her in the head about 70 miles south of the Mexican border city of Reynosa.
    (AP, 1/27/11)

2011        Jan 28, In Mexico Mayor Ramon Villagomez said soldiers, state and federal police had been deployed to patrol General Teran, a town along a drug-smuggling route to the US border. The local police chief and 38 officers quit after the discovery on Jan 26 of the mutilated bodies of two officers who had been kidnapped by gunmen two days earlier. Authorities began arresting over 30 former mayors in the Mexican Gulf coast state of Veracruz on suspicion of corruption. They were among 115 ex-municipal employees in the state charged with corruption between 2004 and 2008. The first to be arrested was Leonardo Mendoza, former mayor of the town of Benito Juarez.
    (AP, 1/28/11)
2011        Jan 28, Mexican soldiers seized nearly 200 pounds (90 kg) of drugs from the cargo area of an Aeromexico commercial plane scheduled to fly to the northern border city of Tijuana.
    (AP, 1/29/11)

2011        Jan 30, In Mexico the state of Guerrero, populated by 3.3 million people, held elections. Voters gave the leftist Party of Democratic Revolution, or PRD, victory over the powerful Institutional Revolutionary Party, or PRI, in one of six state elections ahead of next year's presidential race.
    (AP, 1/30/11)(Reuters, 1/30/11)
2011        Jan 30, In Mexico six bodies were found outside the city of Monterrey. They were burned so badly that investigators couldn't determine the cause of death or the victims' gender.
    (AP, 1/30/11)

2011        Jan 31, In Mexico a girl (16) died after being shot by federal police in the same Ciudad Juarez neighborhood where gunmen massacred 15 youths at a party a year ago. She was shot two days earlier while riding in a car. Police said someone in the vehicle had opened fire at officers shortly beforehand. A drug gunman shot to death Maribel Hernandez, a woman who distributed newspapers in the border city of Ciudad Juarez, because his gang thought she threatened their control over street vendors.
    (AP, 2/1/11)(AP, 2/2/11)

2011        Feb 1, Mexican federal police reported they had captured a leading enforcer for the Independent Cartel of Acapulco. The enforcer allegedly took part in last year's kidnap-killing of 20 vacationers from the western state of Michoacan and in the killing and beheading of 14 men in Acapulco in early January. Police identified the suspect as Miguel Gomez Vazquez, alias "The Cat," and said he was caught with an assault rifle and drugs. The navy said that it had detained six suspected drug cartel gunmen on four separate occasions Jan 30-31 in the northern states of Tamaulipas and Nuevo Leon. One suspect was killed and two marines were wounded in one of the confrontations.
    (AP, 2/2/11)
2011        Feb 1, In Mexico a series of attacks in Monterrey left a federal police officer and three suspected cartel gunmen dead and three police officers injured. In Zacatecas gunmen opened fire on state police officers who had arrived after receiving a tip that armed men were parked outside an office-supply store. Two bystanders, a man and a boy, suffered non-life-threatening wounds in the gunbattle. In Guadalajara 7 attacks within two hours late in the day appeared to have been coordinated, and were staged by drug gangs, possibly in retaliation for the arrests of their members.
    (AP, 2/2/11)
2011        Feb 1, In Mexico Adam Mark Zachs (47), a fugitive from Connecticut, was arrested in the small town of Leon Guanajuato where he apparently had been running a computer repair business. Zachs was convicted of the 1987 murder of Peter Carone (29) outside a West Hartford bar and sentenced to 60 years in prison. However he fled while free on appeal.
    (Reuters, 2/3/11)

2011        Feb 2, In Mexico gunmen fired upon a group of Mexican marines who were responding to reports of illicit activity at an apartment complex In the wealthy Monterrey suburb of San Pedro Garza Garcia. The marines returned fire, killing four suspected gunmen. Gunmen killed Manuel Farfan, a retired army general who took over a month ago as police chief of Nuevo Laredo. Two of his bodyguards also were slain and two suffered wounds.
    (AP, 2/2/11)(AP, 2/3/11)

2011        Feb 3, In Mexico Morelos Canseco, interior secretary of Tamaulipas state, said the parents of 25 children, found abandoned in Nuevo Laredo, were kidnapped.
    (AP, 2/3/11)

2011        Feb 5, In northern Mexico Serengeti Zoo owner Alberto Hernandez said 14 parrots, 13 serpents, five iguanas, two crocodiles and a capuchin monkey died after power failures cut off electrical heating at the zoo in the town of Aldama, Chihuahua state.
    (AP, 2/6/11)
2011        Feb 5, In Mexico gunmen opened fire and killed 3 teenage boys at a used car dealership in Ciudad Juarez. Two of the boys were US citizens. A teenager, a woman and a 40-year-old man died in a second attack by unidentified gunmen elsewhere in Juarez. Another three people were killed in separate shooting incidents. Authorities recovered the dismembered body of Francisco Martinez Ramirez, the chief of guards at a Monterrey prison, who was dragged out of his house by armed men a day earlier. Federal agents arrested Adan Salazar Zamorano, an alleged lieutenant of the powerful Sinaloa drug cartel. He was also wanted in Texas on charges of conspiracy to possess cocaine with intent to distribute.
    (AFP, 2/7/11)(AP, 2/7/11)(AP, 2/10/11)
2011        Feb 5, The body of Monika Markiewicz (32), a Polish national and musician on the cruise ship Allure of the Sea, was recovered from the sea off Cozumel, Mexico. An autopsy determined she drowned but also had suffered a blow to the head. Nelson Perez Torres (24) later confessed to hitting Markiewicz in the head with a rock and then throwing her into the ocean in Quintana Roo state, where Cozumel is located.
    (AP, 2/9/11)(AP, 2/10/11)

2011        Feb 6, In Mexico 5 men were killed overnight in parts of Chihuahua state. The mutilated bodies of 5 men were found dumped on the side of a road in the town of Los Ramones, Nuevo Leon state. Military officials said soldiers have shot dead 13 suspected gang members in the state of Tamaulipas, including six gunmen who were killed in a town near the US border.
    (AFP, 2/7/11)

2011        Feb 7, In Mexico 3 people related to Josefina Reyes, a human-rights activist who was assassinated last year in the Juarez valley, were forced from their car southeast of Ciudad Juarez. Josefina had led protests against alleged abuses by Mexican soldiers in the valley.
    (AP, 2/8/11)

2011        Feb 8, Mexican authorities recovered the bodies of five men who were dumped on the side of road in Zacatecas state after their execution-style slaying. The deaths raised to 41 the number of people killed over the weekend in drug-related violence. In Baja California, 10 soldiers were detained for alleged ties to drug traffickers and turned over to federal prosecutors. Alvaro Sandoval Diaz (50) and his wife, Griselda Pedroza Rocha (35), were killed in Puerto Palomas. The couple's 6-year-old daughter witnessed her parents' killings. Last month Sandoval Diaz opened fire on four armed men who arrived to extort money from him, killing three.
    (AFP, 2/8/11)(AP, 2/11/11)
2011        Feb 8, Mexican soldiers rescued 44 Guatemalan migrants who had been locked up by kidnappers in a house in the northern city of Reynosa. 3 Mexican migrants were also rescued.
    (AP, 2/8/11)

2011        Feb 9, Mexican journalist Carmen Aristegui said that she was let go by MVS radio for refusing to apologize for her Feb 4 comments regarding a congressman's allegation that President Felipe Calderon is an alcoholic. The firing stirred a debate over freedom of expression in Mexico and allegations that the government still holds sway over the media. Aristegui was reinstated on Feb 14.
    (AP, 2/9/11)(AP, 2/15/11)
2011        Feb 9, In Mexico a shootout between troops and armed men killed one soldier and 8 gunmen in Zacatecas state.
    (AP, 2/11/11)
2011        Feb 9, A US judge approved the extradition to Mexico of Chinese-Mexican businessman, Zhenli Ye Gon, on drug trafficking and money laundering charges.
    (AFP, 2/10/11)

2011        Feb 10, In Mexico gunmen barged into a bar in Ciudad Juarez and opened fire late at night, killing seven women and one man. By the next morning 10 more people were killed in other shootings in the city.
    (AP, 2/11/11)(SFC, 2/12/11, p.A2)

2011        Feb 11, Diplomatic relations between France and Mexico deteriorated into a crisis, after a Mexican court upheld a 60-year prison term for Florence Cassez (36), a French woman convicted of kidnapping.
    (AFP, 2/12/11)

2011        Feb 12, In Mexico 11 people were slain in several separate murders overnight in Ciudad Juarez. Gunmen shot dead five men together in an additional group killing on a highway between Chihuahua city and Ciudad Juarez. 7 presumed cartel gunmen were shot dead by soldiers near Monterrey during a midnight chase and shootout. A civilian was also killed when the gunmen crashed into his car as they tried to flee soldiers. Hours later armed men opened fire and hurled a grenade into a crowded nightclub early in the day, killing six people and wounding at least 37 in Guadalajara, a city whose former tranquility has been shattered by escalating battles among drug cartels.
    (AFP, 2/13/11)(AP, 2/13/11)

2011        Feb 13, Mexicans took to the streets in their hundreds to protest a staggering surge in drug-related violent crime nationwide that claimed at least 45 lives in one weekend. A dozen people were killed in Acapulco this weekend, including a prison guard. A street shootout killed seven people and injured one in suburban Mexico City. It resulted from an internal dispute between gangs tied to La Familia. Acapulco police discovered three dead men from a car left in the parking lot of a state prison.
    (AFP, 2/14/11)(AP, 2/14/11)(AP, 2/15/11)

2011        Feb 14, In Mexico a series of shootings left 18 people dead in Padilla, Tamaulipas state, where a turf war has raged between two brutal drug cartels. In neighboring Nuevo Leon state  gunmen killed Homero Salcido Trevino, a top intelligence officer, then torched his car. The Defense Department said Juan Carlos Olivera, allegedly the top Zetas operator in five towns around Monterrey, was arrested with two accomplices and four guns.
    (AP, 2/15/11)

2011        Feb 15, Mexican police fired tear gas and clashed for several hours with teachers protesting a visit by President Felipe Calderon to the colonial city of Oaxaca. The Section 22 teachers union said 20 protesters were injured during the running clashes.
    (AP, 2/16/11)
2011        Feb 15, US Special Agent Jaime Zapata, on assignment to the ICE Attache in Mexico City from his post in Laredo, Texas, died when gunmen attacked the agents' blue Suburban vehicle as they drove through the northern state of San Luis Potosi. A second agent, later identified as Victor Avila, was shot in the arm and leg and was in stable condition.
    (AP, 2/16/11)(AP, 2/24/11)
2011        Feb 15, A former U.S. Customs inspector (58) dressed in a postman's uniform was nabbed as he allegedly tried to smuggle a Mexican woman (38) into Texas on false papers.
    (Reuters, 2/16/11)

2011        Feb 16, Mexican police arrested 2 police officers related to the Feb 14  killing of top intelligence officer Homero Salcido Trevino. A battle between gang members and soldiers left two gunmen dead and paralyzed the western town Zitacuaro.
    (AP, 2/17/11)

2011        Feb 17, In Mexico cartel member Juan Carlos Vasconcelos (24) was arrested for three shootings that killed 20 people on the outskirts of Mexico City. The 1st shooting left 5 people dead on Jan 8. Another killed 8 people on Jan 16 and the third left 7 dead Feb 13. Six human heads were dumped outside a police station in Veracruz state. An 11-year-old boy and his father were killed in an ambush on their car in Ciudad Juarez.
    (AP, 2/17/11)
2011        Feb 17, Federal prosecutors in Arizona said two illegal immigrants from Mexico, Jose Beltran-Bermudez and Yazmin Arvayo-Palafox, have been indicted after they were found to possess a combined 222 assault rifles and 5 pistols that authorities say were headed to Mexico.
    (AP, 2/17/11)
2011        Feb 17, US Federal authorities said police have arrested nine people and seized 300 firearms, including assault rifles, in a raid targeting an arms ring that allegedly sold weapons to Mexican drug traffickers. Operation Too Hot to Handle netted a haul of around 300 guns, mostly Kalashnikov-type rifles and semi-automatic pistols, seized in Arizona, Texas and Mexico.
    (Reuters, 2/17/11)

2011        Feb 18, In southern Mexico 4 men with their hands and feet tied and heads covered in duct tape were thrown 600 feet to their deaths from a bridge. They were among 13 people slain in Guerrero state. The other nine were killed in the resort city of Acapulco and included a severed head that had been scalped and whose face had been skinned. They included five taxi drivers found dead in or near their vehicles. Soldiers killed eight suspected drug cartel members in two clashes near the industrial city of Monterrey. Another group of gunmen fired on soldiers in Juarez, another Monterrey suburb, sparking a firefight that killed three attackers. There were 20 murders in Ciudad Juarez.
    (AP, 2/18/11)(AP, 2/20/11)(AFP, 2/20/11)
2011        Feb 18, A documentary film “Presumed Guilty” (2008) was released in Mexico. It told the story of Antonio Zuniga, a computer repairman, who was convicted of a 2005 murder that took place near his Mexico city market stall, despite evidence of his innocence. The film was banned 2 weeks later.
    (Econ, 4/2/11, p.82)(www.imdb.com/title/tt1320254/)

2011        Feb 19, In Mexico an Acapulco taxi driver was found bound and shot to death near his taxi, and two others were found dead of bullet wounds inside their vehicles. One of the drivers had been beheaded. Gunmen opened fire on yet another taxi, killing the driver and three passengers.  There were 19 more murders in Ciudad Juarez.
    (AP, 2/20/11)(AFP, 2/21/11)
2011        Feb 19, In Nevada Filipino fighter Nonito Donaire stopped Mexico's Fernando Montiel in the second round to take the World Boxing Council and World Boxing Organization bantamweight titles.
    (AFP, 2/20/11)

2011        Feb 20, In Mexico 5 cars were set afire in Acapulco and a man's body was found hacked to pieces outside an apartment building, one day before the start in the city of the Mexican Open tennis tournament.
    (AP, 2/20/11)

2011        Feb 21, Mexican marines found 72 sticks of commercial synthetic explosives at a heavily armed camp in the southern state of Guerrero.
    (AP, 2/22/11)

2011        Feb 22, Mexico’s government announced that it plans to include voice and DNA samples in a database of the nation's 620,000 police and public safety employees as a control measure. Police in Acapulco, where the Mexican Open tennis tournament is being held, found the bodies of seven men, some mutilated. In Mazatlan two men were shot to death in the parking lot of a hotel frequented by foreign tourists. Neither of the victims were tourists. Authorities in Acapulco found the bodies of two men and a woman in a stolen taxi.
    (AP, 2/22/11)(AP, 2/23/11)

2011        Feb 23, In Mexico Julian Zapata Espinoza and the five others, including a Honduran citizen, were arrested. The army quoted Espinoza as saying two of the five had participated in the Feb 15 attack on American ICE agents. Those arrested included suspect Sergio Antonio Mora, who oversaw the man suspected of carrying out the Feb 15 attack the left agent Jaime Zapata dead. Gunmen opened fire on six children playing in the yard of a home in the border city of Ciudad Juarez, killing three girls aged 12, 14 and 15. Espinoza was extradited to the US in December. 
    (AP, 2/24/11)(AP, 2/28/11)(SFC, 12/22/11, p.A10)

2011        Feb 24, In Mexico gunmen killed Jesus Quirarte Ruvalcaba (51), the head of a state police agency that prosecutes car thieves, as well as his wife, Maria Guadalupe Aldrete (49), in Zapopan, Jalisco state. Acapulco police reported finding a man's hacked-up body in five plastic bags, in a low-income neighborhood far from where the Mexican Open tennis tournament is being held.
    (AP, 2/25/11)
2011        Feb 24, US authorities launched Operation Fallen Hero-Bombardier, a crackdown on Mexican drug cartels, just over a week after the shooting death of a US immigration officer in Mexico. Raids quickly followed in the United States, Colombia, Brazil and Central America.
    (AFP, 2/25/11)

2011        Feb 25, Mexican police discovered the bodies of 3 people, missing since Feb 7, related human rights activist Josefina Reyes, who was killed last year in Ciudad Juarez.
    (AP, 2/25/11)

2011        Feb 26, In Mexico’s Coahuila state, across the US border from Texas, nine men died when gunmen opened fire inside two bars in separate attacks. Assailants killed another five men in a bar in the cartel-plagued border city of Ciudad Juarez.
    (AP, 2/28/11)

2011        Feb 27, In Mexico police in the resort city of Acapulco found the bodies of four men inside a trash container, all had been shot and three of them had their throats slit. The body of a fifth man was found alongside a highway. Soldiers killed four alleged drug traffickers in a clash in the Pacific coast state of Nayarit. In the Pacific coast state of Michoacan, police found the bodies of five men in different areas of the capital of Morelia.
    (AP, 2/28/11)

2011        Feb 28, Mexican officials said police have captured Victor Torres Garcia, the alleged leader of a drug gang that calls itself "The Resistance," a group that operates in western Mexico. The army reported it had detained a female Michoacan state police officer who was traveling in a convoy of vehicles with eight assault rifles, ammunition and a bag of marijuana seeds. The bodies of five men were reported found dangling from bridges over a highway in the coastal city of Mazatlan. Gunmen killed four Guerrero state police officers as they drove near the state capital of Chilpancingo. In Ciudad Juarez assailants opened fire on a car, killing two men, a woman and a 10-year-old boy.
    (AP, 2/28/11)

2011        Mar 1, Mexican soldiers and police rescued former Tierra Blanca mayor Alfredo Osorio from kidnappers in eastern Mexico. He had been kidnapped a day earlier. A search continued for Tampico Alto Mayor Saturnino Valdes, kidnapped on Feb 23. Soldiers unearthed 17 bodies buried in two clandestine graves in the southern state of Guerrero and authorities said they were searching for more. Police found four bodies dumped along a highway connecting Acapulco to Mexico City. Another four people, including a couple shot to death inside the hotel they managed in the coastal town of Atoyac de Alvarez, were killed in three separate attacks in Guerrero. In Tamaulipas state Mexican marines killed eight gunmen. Gunmen in Michoacan state killed Tanhuato police chief Jose Gomez.
    (AP, 3/2/11)

2011        Mar 3, President Barack Obama met with Mexican President Felipe Calderon  to smooth over troubles in their drugs war alliance. Calderon pressed Obama to crack down on US drug consumption and illegal arms sales. After the meeting it was announced that Mexico and the US agreed to end a ban on Mexican trucks crossing into the US. The agreement would lead to Mexico dropping tariffs on $2.4 billion worth of US pork, cheese, corn and fruits.
    (Reuters, 3/3/11)(SFC, 3/4/11, p.D5)
2011        Mar 3, The Mexican army ordered three junior officers and 10 soldiers to stand trial on drug trafficking and organized crime charges. Officials said they were caught with more than a ton of methamphetamines and 66 pounds (30 kg) of cocaine last week at a military checkpoint south of Tijuana.
    (AP, 3/4/11)
2011        Mar 3, Mexican agricultural officials say they have euthanized 114 peacocks, ostriches and other birds at a zoo due to an avian virus.
    (AP, 3/4/11)

2011        Mar 5, Mexican federal police captured Mario Jimenez Perez, drug cartel suspect allegedly linked to the Feb 15 killing of US agent Jaime Zapata, along with 16 other suspects.
    (AP, 3/9/11)

2011        Mar 6, Mexican police found 3 severed heads in plastic bags in the Pacific coast resort of Acapulco. Armed men attacked a police station in Acapulco, wounding an officer. The same suspects later shot at a house, wounding two people at the residence. Authorities said Julio Cesar Aguilar Garcia, a suspected high-ranking figure in the Sinaloa drug cartel, was arrested in Sonora state. Alleged Zetas leader, Marcos Carmona Hernandez, was arrested in Oaxaca state. In northwestern Sinaloa state gunmen swarmed a convoy transporting 2 prisoners, shredding 3 police vehicles with bullets and killing 7 officers and one inmate.
    (AP, 3/7/11)(SFC, 3/7/11, p.A2)(AP, 3/8/11)

2011        Mar 7, In Mexico  Marisol Valles Garcia (20), recently named police chief of Praxedis G. Guerrero, was fired for apparently abandoning her post after receiving death threats. Gunbattles between rival gangs killed 18 people in the northeastern town of Abasolo, Tamaulipas state.
    (AP, 3/7/11)(AP, 3/8/11)
2011        Mar 7, In Mexico assailants in Chilpancingo, capital of Guerrero state, doused three government offices with gasoline and set them ablaze. The fire destroyed documents and computer equipment at offices of the health department, the interior department and a federal government health insurance program.
    (AP, 3/8/11)

2011        Mar 8, Legislators from all of Mexico's three major parties in congress called for a joint US-Mexico working group to examine accusations that US federal agents allowed hundreds of guns to flow into Mexico. Lawmakers were up in arms over the recent revelation that the US Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) purposefully allowed some weapons to be smuggled south of the border so it could track them as part of "Operation Fast and Furious."
    (AP, 3/8/11)(SFC, 3/11/11, p.A2)
2011        Mar 8, In Mexico’s gunmen sprayed the crowded parking lot of a bar with bullets, killing at least 6 people in Mazatlan. In Guerrero state soldiers killed 6 suspected drug gang members in a shootout at their cave hide-out. Journalist Noel Lopez disappeared after when he was heading to the town of Soteapan, Veracruz state. On May 31 his body was found buried in a clandestine grave in the town of Chinameca. Soldiers found his body after a man they arrested in the killings of several police officers confessed to the crime and led them to the body.
    (AP, 3/9/11)(AP, 6/2/11)
2011        Mar 8, Mexico's navy said a sardine fishing boat is feared sunk in the Pacific after searchers found the bodies of four crewmen. Five others remained missing. It last made contact the night of March 5 and failed to arrive in port the next morning.
    (AP, 3/8/11)

2011        Mar 9, Forbes magazine said Mexican tycoon Carlos Slim (71), with assets of $74 billion, is the richest person in the world for the second year in a row.
    (Reuters, 3/10/11)
2011        Mar 9, US auto giant Ford said it will start exporting its top-selling Figo compact car from India to Mexico and over 50 other countries as it strives to make the South Asian nation an export hub.
    (AFP, 3/9/11)

2011        Mar 10, In Mexico banners were hung in Michoacan state announcing a previously unknown gang calling itself the "Knights Templar," less than a month after the local La Familia drug cartel said it intended to disband. Julian Leyzaola (50), a retired army lieutenant colonel, took over the top police job in Ciudad Juarez.
    (AP, 3/10/11)(AP, 4/4/11)
2011        Mar 10, The US Attorney's office in New Mexico said the mayor of Columbus, Eddie Espinoza, the town's police chief Angelo Vega, and village trustee Blas Gutierrez were among those arrested on an 84-count indictment for allegedly trafficking around 200 guns to Mexico.
    (Reuters, 3/11/11)

2011        Mar 11, Mexico's attorney general's office said it has extradited Esteban Rodriguez Olivera to the United States, where he will face charges in New York and Washington, D.C. federal courts for trafficking cocaine and money-laundering.
    (AP, 3/12/11)
2011        Mar 11, A sign threatening Ciudad Juarez Public Security Director Julian Leyzaola Perez was left beside a man who was found tortured but alive and wrapped in a blanket. Leyzaola had assumed the post a day earlier. Soldiers raided a drug gang's camp in the northeast and killed eight gunmen in a shootout. 9 other people were detained in the raid, including a woman, who claimed she had been kidnapped.
    (AP, 3/12/11)
2011        Mar 11, In Mexico masses of sardines, anchovies, stripped bass and mackerel surged close to shore on one beach in the resort city of Acapulco, packed so tightly near the surface they looked like an oil slick from above. Fishermen attributed the phenomenon to the unusual currents unleashed by tsunami that followed the earthquake in Japan. Experts couldn't be sure.
    (AP, 3/11/11)

2011        Mar 12, Mexican soldiers killed four presumed kidnappers during a gunfight at a ranch in northeast Mexico.
    (AP, 3/14/11)

2011        Mar 13, In Mexico nine people were shot dead in the resort city of Acapulco.
    (AP, 3/14/11)

2011        Mar 14, In Mexico an inmate stabbed to death Warden Rebeca Nicasio Vazquez, the acting warden of a prison in the city of Nuevo Laredo.
    (AP, 3/15/11)
2011        Mar 14, US Border Patrol agents arrested two US citizens along with 13 illegal immigrants from Mexico dressed in fake US Marine Corps uniforms.
    (AP, 3/23/11)

2011        Mar 15, In Mexico a convoy of gunmen chased their target into a home in the resort city of Acapulco and sprayed the residence with bullets, killing two small children and an elderly woman inside. Other attacks in Acapulco killed a total of eight people. Police in the resort city of Cancun found four bodies that had been set on fire. The Mexican army announced that soldiers had seized five metric tons of marijuana in the northern border city of Miguel Aleman.
    (AP, 3/16/11)

2011        Mar 16, A US official said the Obama administration is flying drones over Mexico to help gather intelligence for the southern neighbor's battle against drug traffickers.
    (AP, 3/16/11)

2011        Mar 17, In Mexico police found the body of a 4-year-old girl who had been shot in the chest, the fifth child killed in drug-related violence in Acapulco in less than a week. Police also found the bullet-ridden body of a man outside a state prison in Acapulco. Police in Michoacan state found two bodies hanging from the neck in two different towns. In Jalisco state marines found the bodies of two men and two women buried in two clandestine graves. US citizen, Josue Reyes Castro (26), was killed by gunmen while visiting relatives in Ciudad Juarez. A neighbor also was killed, and two of Reyes Castro's relatives were wounded including a girl (4).
    (AP, 3/18/11)

2011        Mar 18, Mexican Senators voted with 69 in favor and one abstention to get rid of a law that made cheating on a spouse an offense punishable by two years in prison. They said it was never enforced but remained on the books. The change already passed the lower House of Deputies and now went to President Felipe Calderon for his signature. 6 gunmen were shot dead during a gunfight with security forces in the Monterrey while eight alleged kidnappers were killed in the Gulf coast state of Veracruz.
    (AP, 3/24/11)(AP, 3/19/11)

2011        Mar 19, In Mexico gunmen opened fire in a bar in Acapulco killing 10 people.
    (SSFC, 3/20/11, p.A4)
2011        Mar 19, The US ambassador to Mexico, Carlos Pascual, resigned amid furor over a leaked diplomatic cable in which he complained about inefficiency and infighting among Mexican security forces in the campaign against drug cartels.
    (AP, 3/20/11)
2011        Mar 19, In Mexico Arturo Jose Iniguez (26), a Texas Cameron County Assistant District Attorney, was found dead in Matamoros. Autopsy results later showed he had killed himself by ingesting poison.
    (Reuters, 3/23/11)

2011        Mar 20, In Mexico armed men stole some 157 million pesos, about $13 million, from a cash transporting company in Oaxaca state.
    (AP, 3/21/11)

2011        Mar 21, In Arizona Carlos La Madrid (19) was shot climbing a ladder while trying to cross the border back to Mexico. He was shot three times, twice in the back and once in the thigh, by Border Patrol agent Lucas Tidwell and died later the same day at a local hospital. Investigators found 48 pounds of marijuana in the back of the truck La Madrid was driving. A 17-year-old illegal immigrant identified as Jesus Manuel Chino Lino ran from the truck was arrested on charges of drug possession and transportation charges. In 2012 Guadalupe Guerrero, the mother of Carlos la Madrid, sued the US federal government and the agent.
    (AP, 3/28/11)(AP, 6/11/12)

2011        Mar 22, In Mexico’s western state of Michoacan unidentified gunmen killed Jose Luis Guerrero, the police chief of the town of La Piedad as he headed home. He was the third police chief killed so far this year in Michoacan.
    (AP, 3/24/11)

2011        Mar 23, Mexican authorities said they have detained Victor Manuel Felix, an in-law of top drug lord Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman, who allegedly ran a transnational drug operation that reached as far as Ecuador. 8 other people were detained along with Felix in raids in three Mexican states that began last week. Raids in Ecuador resulted in the detention of 9 suspects. The navy announced it had detained 7 local police officers, most from the Monterrey suburb of San Nicolas de los Garza, on suspicion of working for drug cartels. A daylight shooting in Monterey, thought to involve rival drug gangs, killed a teenage boy and 2 adult males.
    (AP, 3/24/11)

2011        Mar 24, Mexico’s largest new media outlets agreed to a set of self-policed, drug war reporting guidelines. A clash between soldiers and armed men left 13 dead in the town of Rio Bravo, on Mexico's northeastern border with the United States.
    (SFC, 3/25/11, p.A4)(AFP, 3/25/11)

2011        Mar 26, In Mexico 4 Ciudad Juarez men were last seen, when they were picked up by patrol vehicles with decals matching those used by the security detail of new police chief, Julian Leyzaola.
    (AP, 4/4/11)

2011        Mar 28, Mexican police found the bodies of six men and one woman inside a car abandoned in an exclusive gated community near Cuernavaca, Morelos state. The dead included Juan Francisco Sicilia, son of poet Javier Sicilia. Army soldiers killed four alleged gunmen in the border city of Nuevo Laredo. A shootout between rival gangs in Monterrey killed two men, including a hot dog vendor caught in the cross fire. In western Michoacan state, the bodies of two men were found in Apatzingan with messages from a new drug gang: "The Knights Templar will not permit assassins to kill innocent people."
    (AP, 3/29/11)(AP, 4/15/11)

2011        Mar 29, In northern Mexico Gunmen killed the wife and 5-year-old daughter of a state governor's bodyguard in Chihuahua city. In Nuevo Leon state Garica Mayor Jaime Rodriguez said he survived an assassination attempt. Four men were gunned own inside a home in San Marcos, a town in southwestern Guerrero state.
    (AP, 3/30/11)

2011        Mar 30, A prominent Mexican businessman accused of luring poor girls to his home was sentenced to 13 years on child pornography charges in a case that tarnished the reputations of a state governor and another businessman. Jean Succar Kuri, a legal US resident, was extradited to Mexico in 2006. Targeted by an investigation in Mexico in 2003, Succar fled to the United States but was arrested during a traffic stop in Arizona in February 2004 and extradited two years later. On Aug 31 a judge extended Kuri’s prison term to 60 years.
    (AP, 3/31/11)(AP, 9/1/11)

2011        Mar 31, Mexico’s President Felipe Calderon accepted the resignation of Arturo Chavez Chavez, an attorney general known mainly for his weak image in a country fighting a drug war, and nominated Marisela Morales, his top organized crime prosecutor as a successor, the first woman to hold the post if she is approved. In Ciudad Juarez 5 people were killed at a bar called La Barritas. Gunmen assaulted another bar called El Castillo. The death toll from the attack rose to 10 after two more people died the next day from their wounds.
    (AP, 4/1/11)(AP, 4/2/11)(AFP, 4/3/11)

2011        Apr 1, In Mexico gunmen opened fire on a burrito truck in the border city of Ciudad Juarez, killing the vendor, his 10-year-old son and 3 other people. A 17-year-old boy was among seven people killed in three shootings around Monterrey. In the western state of Michoacan, four bullet-ridden bodies were found in different towns.
    (AP, 4/1/11)(AFP, 4/2/11)

2011        Apr 2, In Mexico Jose Manuel Garcia Soto, alias "El Safado," or "The Crazy One," was arrested in the northern state of San Luis Potosi for participating in the Feb. 15 killing of Jaime Zapata and wounding of Victor Avila. Both men were agents with US Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE).
    (AP, 4/5/11)
2011        Apr 2, In Mexico an explosion and fire hit a factory that distills raw alcohol, killing three people and injuring three others near Orizaba, Veracruz state.
    (AP, 4/2/11)

2011        Apr 3, In Mexico municipal police officers on a routine patrol in El Higo, Veracruz state ran into at least 20 gunmen on a dirt road and a firefight erupted. 6 officers, including one woman, died of gunshot wounds in the battle.
    (AP, 4/4/11)

2011        Apr 4, Mexico announced a plan to reward people who report suspected money laundering, under a program that will allow them to get up to one-quarter of any illicit funds or property seized. In Acapulco a fierce gunbattle left a soldier and two gunmen killed and six people were wounded. Shortly later the severed heads of two men were found on Acapulco's main boulevard, near the beach resort area of Las Brisas.
    (AP, 4/5/11)(AP, 4/4/11)
2011        Apr 4, Two men who prosecutors tentatively identified as US citizens were shot to death in their vehicle as they waited at a Tijuana-area border crossing to enter the United States.
    (AP, 4/4/11)

2011        Apr 6, Mexico’s Public Safety Secretary Genaro Garcia Luna said drug cartels are increasingly recruiting common criminals and quickly converting them into killers.
    (AP, 4/6/11)

2011        Apr 7, Mexican security forces reported that a series of eight burial pits have been found in Tamaulipas state, one of which contained 43 bodies and the others 16 corpses. The find was made near the ranch where drug cartel gunmen less than a year ago massacred 72 migrants who were trying to reach the United States. 14 suspects linked to the killing were under arrest.
    (AP, 4/7/11)(SFC, 4/8/11, p.A6)

2011        Apr 11, Mexico’s defense ministry announced that at least 16 more dead bodies have been found over the past two days in various parts of Tamaulipas state. The number of bodies found in the country over the past week soon grew to 127. 4 armed men rushed into a newsroom in Villahermosa, then gagged and beat up reporters and photographers and stole computers, cameras and money.
    (AFP, 4/11/11)(AP, 4/11/11)(AP, 4/13/11)
2011        Apr 11, Mexican police in Tijuana arrested a man suspected of killing a US Border Patrol agent Robert Rosas near San Diego on July 23, 2009, nearly one year after another person was sentenced to prison for his role in the ambush. Marcos Manuel Rodriguez Perez (26) was taken into custody as he was driving through Tijuana.
    (AP, 4/12/11)

2011        Apr 13, Mexico’s Attorney General said security forces arrested 16 municipal police officers accused of protecting drug gang hitmen who massacred dozens of people near the US border.
    (Reuters, 4/13/11)

2011        Apr 14, Mexican police arrested suspect Rodrigo Elizalde Mora in the central city of Cuernavaca. He allegedly confessed to participating in the March 28 killing of Juan Francisco Sicilia, a well-known poet's son and six other people. Mora appeared the next day before reporters badly beaten, and said he had been kidnapped by four unidentified men in a sport utility vehicle, who then apparently turned him over to authorities.
    (AP, 4/15/11)

2011        Apr 15, Mexican authorities said 10 complete bodies, 3 headless bodies and 4 severed heads were found when authorities dug up a pit in a house in Durango state. Marines detained 22 more suspects, including five women, in an operation over the killings of 145 people found in mass graves this month in Tamaulipas state.
    (AP, 4/15/11)(AFP, 4/19/11)
2011        Apr 15, In Mexico residents of Cheran, Michoacan state, captured five illegal loggers as their truck attempted to smuggle out illegally harvested wood. The indigenous Purepecha people said the loggers were backed by cartel henchmen and local police. Loggers shot and killed two Cheran men and wounded four others who were patrolling the woods on April 27.
    (AP, 5/18/11)

2011        Apr 17, In Mexico the Tamaulipas state governor replaced his public security chief after 145 bodies showed up in mass graves in the violent border state in the last two weeks.
    (AP, 4/17/11)

2011        Apr 18, Mexico’s military captured nine suspects in connection with the killings of at least 145 people whose bodies were found starting early this month in pits in the township of San Fernando, in the border state of Tamaulipas.
    (AP, 4/20/11)

2011        Apr 19, Mexican troops clashed with gunmen trying to establish a base in Veracruz, killing 10 alleged assailants.
    (AP, 4/20/11)

2011        Apr 20, In northern Mexico investigators found 26 badly decomposed bodies at a vacant lot in the state of Durango and said they were looking for more. In Tamaulipas authorities reported they had rescued 68 people, including 12 Central American migrants, allegedly kidnapped by a drug cartel. Federal police in Cancun arrested Marco Antonio Gomez, a lawyer who allegedly helped the Zetas drug cartel manage ransom and extortion payments, which were sometimes handed over in the form of property deeds. Nine more suspected Zetas members were arrested in the border state of Tamaulipas.
    (AP, 4/20/11)(AP, 4/21/11)

2011        Apr 21, In Mexico prosecutors reported that further excavations at a vacant lot in the state capital of Durango yielded 11 more bodies, 10 men and one woman, in addition to 26 badly decomposed bodies found a day earlier.
    (AP, 4/21/11)

2011        Apr 22, Mexican authorities released another tally of corpses unearthed from pits in the northeastern state of Tamaulipas: 32 bodies discovered in the past week, bringing the monthly total to 177. A farmer opened fire on a crowd as they were leaving a church in the town of Los Pozos, Veracruz state, killing a woman and two children and wounding another minor. Farmer Leonardo Bautista Rivera later the same day in his home.
    (AP, 4/22/11)(AP, 4/23/11)

2011        Apr 23, In Mexico police in Acapulco said 4 women and a teenage girl have been found with their throats cut in the resort city. All appeared to have been connected to the same beauty parlor. A young man was shot to death in the lobby of a luxury hotel in Cabo San Lucas. Mexico City prosecutors said residents of the San Miguel Chapultepec neighborhood discovered a woman's upper body on one block and her left leg and right leg on two other blocks.
    (AP, 4/23/11)(AP, 4/24/11)

2011        Apr 24, Mexico’s Federal Competition Commission confirmed that it hit Telcel with a fine of 11.99 billion pesos ($1 billion) for charging competing networks sky-high connection fees.
    (Econ, 5/7/11, p.41)(http://tinyurl.com/6dft5fj)
2011        Apr 24, In Mexico a severed head was found on a street outside the central bus terminal in Zihuatanejo, Guerrero state.
    (AP, 4/24/11)

2011        Apr 25, Mexican authorities said federal police rescued 51 people, including six Chinese and 18 Central American migrants, who were captive in Reynosa, the same border city where more than five dozen people were freed last week.
    (AP, 4/26/11)

2011        Apr 26, Mexican authorities said security forces have unearthed six more bodies in Tamaulipas state where a drug gang is believed to be kidnapping passengers from buses and hiding their victims in secret graves. A total of 183 bodies have been discovered in a month in 40 graves. A different search over the last month in the capital of northwestern Durango state has yielded 96 bodies in two mass graves as of today.
    (AP, 4/26/11)

2011        Apr 27, Mexico's Senate approved constitutional changes that would let lawmakers run for re-election and permit independents to seek office. Security forces exhumed eight more bodies from mass graves in Durango where drug gangs are believed to have buried their victims, bringing the total from a monthlong search to 104.
    (AP, 4/28/11)

2011        Apr 29, Mexican federal police discovered a basement arsenal hidden behind the mirrors of a home gym in Ciudad Juarez that included three anti-aircraft guns, dozens of grenades, a grenade launcher, AK-47s and other high-powered weapons.
    (AP, 4/30/11)

2011        May 3, Mexican police found a total of five decapitated bodies in the suburbs of Mexico City accompanied by written messages of the kind frequently left by drug gangs. Unidentified attackers shot Joel St. Tierre, a Canadian citizen, in the head on a street in the Benito Juarez district of Mexico City. Prosecutors in the northern state of Durango announced that six more sets of skeletal remains had been found in continuing excavations at mass graves, bringing the total number of bodies found in a month-long search of the sites to about 110.
    (AP, 5/4/11)(AFP, 5/11/11)
2011        May 3, In Mexico a gas explosion that ripped through a primitive, vertical-shaft coal mine trapping 14 miners in San Juan de Sabinas, Coahuila state. All 14 were killed. The last body was recovered on May 8.
    (AP, 5/4/11)(AP, 5/6/11)

2011        May 5, Mexican soldiers searching mass graves in the state capital of the northern state of Durango recovered 25 more bodies, bringing the total recovered there to at least 146.
    (AP, 5/5/11)
2011        May 5, In Mexico more than 600 people led by a Mexican poet Javier Sicilia, whose son was killed by suspected drug traffickers, set off on a march from the resort city of Cuernavaca to Mexico City to protest the country's unrelenting gang violence.
    (AP, 5/5/11)

2011        May 6, Mexico authorities said they recovered 11 more bodies at a series of mass grave pits in Durango, bringing the total number of bodies found in a monthlong search of the pits to at least 157. Cartel gunmen fired on a military convoy in Monterrey with a grenade launcher and hit a bus carrying employees of a US-owned assembly plant. One attacker was killed. Prosecutors said they have detained four local policemen, five Guatemalans and one Honduran in connection with mass kidnappings of migrants in the border city of Reynosa. Police captured Jose Zarco Cardenas (22) and an accomplice in Mexico City. He had recently begun heading drug operations in Morelos state for a gang that broke off from the Beltran Leyva cartel.
    (AP, 5/6/11)(SFC, 5/9/11, p.A2)

2011        May 8, In Mexico an anti-violence march that began in a central state with a few hundred people and gathered thousands over a four-day trek reached Mexico City, led by a poet whose son was killed by suspected drug traffickers. One marine and 12 suspected gunmen of the Zetas drug cartel were killed in a gun battle on Falcon Lake in the northeastern state of Tamaulipas. The decapitated bodies of 11 men were found in two places in Durango, bringing the rapidly mounting toll to 179.
    (AP, 5/8/11)(AP, 5/10/11)

2011        May 9, Mexican public defenders said a group of Central American migrants recently rescued from kidnappers in northern Mexico has accused immigration agents of pulling them from a bus and handing them over to criminal gangs. In April the federal government had announced the arrest of six immigration agents in Tamaulipas for "federal crimes."
    (AP, 5/10/11)

2011        May 10, Mexican police found two male heads on top of a cement wall in the plaza of Guadalupe Distrito Bravos, a town on the outskirts of Ciudad Juarez. Two headless bodies, one of them stabbed in the back, were later found in two separate homes. Another man and a woman were then discovered in a nearby house with their throats slashed. Mexican security forces searching mass graves in the northern Mexican state of Durango unearthed eight more bodies, bringing the total to 188 and making it the largest discovery yet of corpses secretly buried in regions plagued by drug-gang fighting.
    (AP, 5/11/11)(AFP, 5/11/11)

2011        May 11, In Mexico 15 people were shot dead in separate incidents in a single day in the northern Mexican border state of Nuevo Leon. The Defense Ministry meanwhile announced that troops had seized a record shipment of 194 kilos of heroine in the southeast Pacific coast state of Guerrero as well as 127 kilos of opium poppy seeds and 57 grams of cocaine.
    (AFP, 5/12/11)

2011        May 12, Mexican authorities fired 7 regional directors of the immigration agency following allegations that officers in the north had delivered migrants to kidnapping gangs. The Mexican army said that they had detained one of the main leaders of the Sinaloa cartel, led by Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman. Martin Beltran Coronel, alias "The Eagle," was arrested along with four other people in an exclusive neighborhood of Zapopan, a suburb of Guadalajara. He had replaced Ignacio "Nacho" Coronel, the cartel's reputed No. 3 capo gunned down in Guadalajara in July 2010. The bodies of 8 decapitated men were dumped along roads in Durango state, where the 196 bodies have been unearthed in mass graves.
    (SFC, 5/13/11, p.A2)(AP, 5/13/11)(SFC, 5/13/11, p.A2)

2011        May 14, In Mexico unidentified gunmen shot dead at least nine indigenous people and wounded another 10 on a highway en route to a political rally in southern Oaxaca state. A clash between gunmen and police in the popular Pacific coast beach town of Zihuatenejo left at least 13 people dead. Security forces said they have discovered another 17 bodies in mass graves found last month in the northern state of Durango bringing the total to 218. An armed gang burst into a Red Cross clinic in the northern city of Culiacan and attempted to kill a 23-year-old man who had arrived with head wounds and one arm nearly axed off.
    (AFP, 5/14/11)(AP, 5/15/11)

2011        May 15, In Mexico Durango state security authorities said they found nine bodies dead on the street in the state capital.
    (AP, 5/15/11)

2011        May 16, In southern Mexico gunmen opened fire on four local police officers, killing them and two bystanders in the downtown area of Coyuca de Catalan, Guerrero state.
    (AP, 5/16/11)

2011        May 17, In southern Mexico prosecutors detained 2 officials of the National Immigration Institute for allegedly prostituting female Central American migrants in Chiapas state. Police in Chiapas state found 513 migrants inside two trailer trucks bound for the United States, and said they had been transported in dangerously crowded conditions. Gunmen opened fired on a group of people at an auto body shop in the Gulf Coast state of Tabasco, killing 8 people and badly wounding 2 others. A ninth victim died of his wounds the next day. Gunmen ambushed and killed three police officers in a suburb of Monterrey.
    (AP, 5/18/11)(AP, 5/18/11)

2011        May 18, A Mexican prison brawl in which inmates battled with guns and knives left eight detainees dead and 11 others wounded in the northern city of Durango. Mexican soldiers seized a big cache of weapons after fighting a running gunbattle with drug cartel gunmen fleeing in a 17-vehicle convoy on the outskirts of Matamoros. 3 suspected gunmen were killed and 3 captured.
    (AFP, 5/19/11)(AP, 5/19/11)

2011        May 20, Mexican federal police captured Gilberto Barragan Balderas (41), a leading member of the Gulf drug cartel, at what appeared to have been his birthday party. In Zacatecas state at least 10 people were killed in a gunbattle apparently involving the Zetas and a rival front of gangs known as the "United Cartels." In the north a fire killed 14 inmates at a prison in the town of Apodaca, Nuevo Leon state. Police in the Pacific coast state of Guerrero reported they found the decapitated bodies of four men in the township of Tecpan de Galeana.
    (AP, 5/20/11)
2011        May 20, In Mexico retired Gen. Jorge Juarez Loera was shot and killed in a suburb of Mexico City after a road accident.
    (AP, 5/23/11)

2011        May 21, Mexican marines were confronted when passing by what proved to be a gang safe house in the Durango state capital, also named Durango. Gunmen fired at the marines, who shot back then rushed into the house, killing three alleged criminals.
    (AP, 5/23/11)

2011        May 22, In Mexico Durango state officers discovered a fake road checkpoint set up by gang members about 70 miles (110 km) north of Durango city and summoned soldiers. A gunbattle erupted, leaving five civilians dead and three state officers wounded.
    (AP, 5/23/11)

2011        May 23, Mexican prosecutors said they have detained 16 policemen who allegedly took bribes to protect members of a drug gang who carried specially marked cards to avoid detention. Police in Acapulco found a decapitated body and a head with mutilated ears inside a cab left next to a hotel in a tourist area. In Durango gunmen attacked highway police on the outskirts of the state capital, killing a female officer (35) and wounding 4 officers and a civilian.
    (AP, 5/23/11)

2011        May 24, In northern Mexico 17 inmates escaped through a tunnel starting in a prison's laundry room. On may 27 the director and 11 officials at the prison were charged with helping in the escape in Reynosa, Tamaulipas state. Suspected cartel gunmen opened fire on a federal police chopper, hitting two officers and forcing the craft to land in Michoacan state. Officials insisted it had not been shot down. In 2012 official documents reported that armed forces and prosecutors have suffered at least 28 gunfire attacks on helicopters since 2008.
    (AP, 5/27/11)(AP, 1/16/12)

2011        May 25, In western Mexico fierce fighting among apparent rival drug gangs bloodied one highway with 29 dead in Nayarit, while in nearby Michoacan state more than 700 people huddled in shelters after fleeing villages that had become battlegrounds.
    (AP, 5/26/11)(AP, 5/27/11)

2011        May 27, Mexico's federal police detained nearly 50 members of two major drug cartels, including suspects in the recent armed attack on a police helicopter.
    (AP, 5/28/11)

2011        May 31, Mexican police completed the arrests of 25 drug cartel members or collaborators in central Mexico, including a police chief, two commanding officers and seven agents suspected of aiding traffickers. The arrests began May 29 in the mountains of Hidalgo.
    (AP, 5/31/11)

2011        Jun 1, The Mexican government charged 73 suspects in the killings of 183 people whose bodies were recovered during April in mass graves near the US border.
    (AP, 6/2/11)

2011        Jun 2, In Mexico the Global Commission of Drug Policy called for the decriminalization of all drug taking.
    (Econ, 6/4/11, p.70)

2011        Jun 3, Mexico’s federal Attorney General's Office said authorities in the Pacific port of Manzanillo seized 69 tons (63 metric tons) of two chemicals used to make synthetic drugs. 34 tons of monomethylamine arrived May 6 on one ship and the other ship carrying 35 tons of ethyl phenyl acetate arrived April 10. Both ships were from Shanghai, China.
    (AP, 6/4/11)

2011        Jun 4, Mexican poet-turned-activist Javier Sicilia set off on a cross-country caravan with hundreds of fellow demonstrators to demand an end to drug-related bloodshed. Police raided the home of Jorge Hank Rhon (55), race track owner and former mayor of Tijuana. He was long rumored to be involved in money laundering and other criminal activities, faced charges after police raided his home and found 88 illegal weapons.
    (AP, 6/4/11)(Reuters, 6/5/11)(AP, 6/8/11)(SFC, 6/9/11, p.A2)

2011        Jun 9, Five Mexican soccer players tested positive for clenbuterol, a steroid. The Mexican Soccer Federation officials had no other recourse but to send 5 of their players home for failing the steroid test. The players contend that they did not commit any wrongdoing and the positive test for clenbuterol may be caused by inadvertently ingesting contaminated meat. Mexico's health department said the next day that occurrences of contaminated beef in Mexico are less than one in a million.
    (www.latimes.com/sports/la-sp-0611-soccer-gold-cup-20110611,0,3638890.story)

2011        Jun 10, Mexican suspect Dhither Camarillo Palafox, alias "Taurus," was arrested in the Caribbean coast resort of Cancun. He was a leader of the so-called "Zodiac" kidnapping gang. Alleged associates nicknamed "Sagittarius" and "Aquarius" were arrested in 2009. The group's other leader, nicknamed "Cancer," was detained in 2005.
    (AP, 6/16/11)

2011        Jun 14, In Mexico charges against a former Tijuana mayor, allegedly caught with 88 guns at his home, were dismissed and a judge refused a request to hold him in a murder investigation. The next day Assistant Attorney General Patricia Bugarin said the judge who freed gambling magnate and former mayor Jorge Hank Rhon acted with "bias and subjectivity" in dismissing the federal charges. Police said 2 dead men have been found hanging by their hands off highway bridges around the city of Monterrey in less than 24 hours.
    (AP, 6/15/11)(SFC, 6/15/11, p.A2)

2011        Jun 15, Mexican police found the dismembered bodies of two bodyguards who worked for the governor of Nuevo Leon state, the site of a violent turf war between drug cartels. Marco Antonio Guzman (34), who had several aliases including "El Brad Pitt," was captured in the US border state of Chihuahua along with two alleged accomplices. Police said Guzman was involved in the June 15, 2010 car bomb explosion that killed a federal police officer and two civilians. The northern state of Nuevo Leon, home to the industrial city of Monterrey, saw 33 killings, in the most violent day in recent history.
    (AP, 6/15/11)(AP, 6/16/11)(AFP, 6/17/11)
2011            Jun 15, Three Mexican journalists, who fled Mexico because their lives were in danger, asked the United States government to speed up their pleas for asylum. Ernesto Gutierrez, a print journalist; Ricardo Chavez Aldana, a radio journalist; and Alejandro Hernandez Pacheco, a TV cameraman, were involved in coverage of criminal activities of drug traffickers; each received death threats from members of drug cartels.
            (AP, 6/15/11)
2011        Jun 15, Mexican soldiers raided 3 interconnected warehouses in Queretaro state. They thought they had found 1,462 50-gallon drums filled with various methamphetamine precursors. When experts examined the stash, they found 3.4 tons (3.1 metric tons) of pure meth.
    (AP, 8/27/11)

2011        Jun 16, In Mexico PEMEX director said increasingly sophisticated thieves have stolen about 20,000 barrels per day of oil products from the state-owned oil company in the first four months of 2011, thefts worth about $250 million.
    (AP, 6/16/11)
2011        Jun 16, Moshe Gerstein (35), a NYC attorney, died in Mexico city. Two days earlier he was charged along with at least two dozen others in a child-pornography sweep. Manhattan prosecutors had accused Gerstein of being a part of a child-pornography ring that shared images of children being raped and sexually abused. Gerstein was first arrested on May 10 and was freed on $5,000 bail.
    (Reuters, 6/23/11)

2011        Jun 17, In Mexico a gunbattle between soldiers and suspected cartel gunmen left two suspects dead in the northern border city of Matamoros. The government of Veracruz state said five suspects died there following a shootout with state police and soldiers. 11 people were killed in the state of Veracruz when criminals attacked police and soldiers at a military checkpoint on a highway between the state capital of Xalapa and the port city of Veracruz.
    (AP, 6/18/11)
2011        Jun 17, Mexican customs inspectors say they've found more than $2.4 million in cash rolled up and stuffed into spools of telephone cable headed for Venezuela. Authorities say Venezuela is increasingly becoming a trans-shipment point for cocaine, and Mexican cartels often ship money back to South America to pay for the drugs.
    (AP, 6/17/11)

2011        Jun 18, Mexican authorities said the bodies of nine victims of suspected drug violence have turned up in the western state of Michoacan. A group calling itself the Knights Templar left messages claiming responsibility for the killings. Gunmen stormed a bar in Monterrey and "executed three people," wounded another, and kidnapped a security guard at the bar who was later found dead.
    (AP, 6/18/11)(AFP, 6/19/11)
2011        Jun 18, Mexican mother Leticia Chete Aguero poisoned herself and 2 children with a powder form of the agricultural insecticide known as Lannate. The woman and an 11-year old daughter died, but a 6-year-old son survived.
    (AP, 6/18/11)

2011        Jun 19, In Mexico four people, 18-25 years old, were killed in Guadalupe, a city adjacent to Monterrey. The bodies of 14 people were found in Michoacan state.
    (AP, 6/20/11)

2011        Jun 20, In Mexico journalist Miguel Angel Lopez Velasco (55), his wife, and their son (21) were shot to death inside their home in Veracruz. Velasco wrote a column about politics and crime and was editorial director for the daily newspaper Notiver. His son, Misael Lopez, had been working as a photographer for the same newspaper.
    (AP, 6/20/11)

2011        Jun 21, In Mexico Mendez Vargas, alias El Chango, or "The Monkey," was arrested in the central state of Aguascalientes. He had worked for the Zetas in the western state of Michoacan before he and other drug traffickers left to form the rival La Familia cartel in 2006. La Familia fractured into two rival drug gangs in December after federal police killed the gang's founder and leader, Nazario Moreno.
    (AP, 6/22/11)
2011        Jun 21, A US Border Patrol agent shot and killed Jose Alfredo Yanez (40) at the US-Mexico border in Sand Diego. He had threatened to strike another agent with a concrete slab. Yanez was shot once in the torso and once in the head and died on Mexico's side of the border.
    (AP, 6/22/11)(AP, 6/22/11)
2011        Jun 21, Hurricane Beatriz bore down on Mexico's Pacific coast, putting tourist areas and major ports on alert for heavy rainfall and flash floods. Beatriz weakened into a tropical storm after pounding Mexico’s Pacific coast.
    (AP, 6/21/11)(SFC, 6/22/11, p.A2)

2011        Jun 24, In Mexico a mass grave was discovered by soldiers patrolling in the municipality of Juarez, Nuevo Leon state. Authorities believed the graves contained at least 11 bodies. Mexico's Defense Department said that it was sending close to 3,000 soldiers to Tamaulipas to aid the northern state in weeding out corrupt police and recruiting and training new ones. Guerrero state police said five people were killed in the Pacific resort city of Acapulco, two of them in the tourism district. Five other slain people were found in other parts of Guerrero state.
    (AP, 6/26/11)
2011        Jun 24, In southeastern Mexico gunmen reportedly kidnapped at least 60 undocumented migrants, including children, who were aboard a freight train in Mexico trying to get to the United States. On June 29 the government said it hasn't found evidence to confirm a priest's report that at least 80 Central American migrants were kidnapped from the freight train.
    (AFP, 6/27/11)(AP, 6/29/11)

2011        Jun 25, In Mexico more than 40 masked men burst into a cantina and opened fire, killing four people in the Pacific Coast state of Jalisco. Federal police said they arrested the leader of the Zetas cartel's operations in Veracruz state.
    (AP, 6/26/11)

2011        Jun 26, Mexican federal officials said the cult-like La Familia drug cartel conducts widespread extortion rackets aimed at farmers, miners and even bullfight organizers while getting protection from state police commanders.
    (AP, 6/26/11)

2011        Jun 27, In Mexico gunmen burst into the office of the police chief of Santa Catarina, Nuevo Leon state, and shot him to death. German Perez was shot at least eight times his Monterrey suburb. 7 bodyguards and officers who were guarding the police station were placed under investigation. The killing came a day after 3 Santa Catarina police officers were detained on suspicion of spying on officers in a neighboring town for the Zetas drug cartel.
    (AP, 6/27/11)(AP, 6/29/11)

2011        Jun 28, In Mexico Abraham Barrios Caporal (26), an alleged hit man accused of kidnapping bus passengers, killing them and burying them in mass graves in northern Mexico, was captured in Coatzacoalcos, Veracruz state, and acknowledged working for the Zetas drug cartel.
    (AP, 6/30/11)

2011        Jun 30, In Mexico gunmen opened fire during a soccer game in the resort city of Acapulco, killing two people and wounding at least two children who were watching the match.
    (AP, 6/30/11)

2011        Jul 1, In northern Mexico marines battled alleged members of the Zetas drug cartel for more than five hours, leaving 15 gang suspects dead and six marines wounded.
    (AP, 7/2/11)
2011        Jul 1, In Mexico remnants of Tropical Storm Arlene continued dumping rain over the country's central highlands. 22 deaths due to the storm were soon confirmed.
    (AP, 7/2/11)(AP, 7/5/11)

2011        Jul 2, In Mexico 3 gunmen were killed in a shootout with police after more than 40 armed assailants lobbed grenades at a federal police station in La Piedad, Michoacan state. A priest in Tamaulipas state was killed in his car by a stray bullet during a shootout in Matamoros. In Sinaloa state the bodies of two decapitated men were left at the entrance of two local newspaper offices, Noreste and El Debate.
    (AP, 7/3/11)

2011        Jul 3, In Mexico the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) won a decisive victory in voting for governor of Mexico state, the country's most populous state. PRI also scored wins in two other states.
    (AP, 7/4/11)
2011        Jul 3, In southern Mexico unidentified gunmen killed the widow of legendary Mexican guerrilla leader Lucio Cabanas. Isabel Anaya Nava (54) was shot to death along with her sister Reyna (58) as they left a church in the community of Xaltianguis, Guerrero state. Jesus Rejon Aguilar, ranked as the #3 leader of the Zetas, was captured in Atizapan de Zaragoza, Mexico state.
    (AP, 7/3/11)(SFC, 7/5/11, p.A3)
2011        Jul 3, The Erik, a 100-foot (32-meter) tourist fishing boat, capsized about 60 miles (100 km) south of the Baja California port of San Felipe. A US tourist died and 7 US tourists were missing along with one Mexican crew member.
    (AP, 7/4/11)

2011        Jul 6, US and Mexican officials signed an agreement allowing each country’s trucks to traverse the other’s highways implementing a key provision in the 1994 North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
    (SFC, 7/7/11, p.A4)

2011        Jul 7, Mexican judges convicted four men, Juan Alfredo Soto, Aldo Fabio Hernandez, Jose Dolores Arroyo and Heriberto Martinez, of killing 15 people in the Jan 30, 2010, Ciudad Juarez attack, known as the Villa Salvarcar massacre. The attack prompted President Felipe Calderon to alter the government's anti-drug strategy in the area. On July 11 the 4 men were each sentenced to 240 years in prison.
    (AP, 7/7/11)(AP, 7/11/11)
2011        Jul 7, In Mexico’s western state of Michoacan presumed drug gang members shot at federal officers, who repelled the attack and killed four alleged criminals and wounded another in the city of Apatzingan. Police said the gunmen were members of the Knights Templar, a criminal organization that split off from La Familia cartel.
    (AP, 7/7/11)
2011        Jul 7, In Texas Humberto Leal (38), a Mexican national, was executed for the rape-slaying of a teenager after the US Supreme Court turned down an appeal to spare him that was supported by Mexico and the White House. He was sentenced to death for the 1994 murder of 16-year-old Adria Sauceda.
    (AP, 7/8/11)

2011        Jul 8, In Mexico the bodies of 10 men and a woman who had been shot with high-powered rifles were found piled near a water well on the outskirts of Mexico City. A survivor later said  victims were kidnapped two days earlier in a bar by members of the Knights Templar. At least 20 people were killed in a bar massacre in the northern city of Monterrey when riflemen opened fire on the clientele and employees.
    (AP, 7/8/11)(AP, 7/9/11)(AP, 7/11/11)

2011        Jul 9, In Mexico 10 people were found dead in various parts of the northern city of Torreon, where the Zetas fought the Sinaloa cartel headed by Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman. Federal police killed three more riflemen after confronting them on a highway where they were trying to pull motorists out of their cars in Michoacan state.
    (AP, 7/10/11)
2011        Jul 9, Mexican federal police captured Armando Villareal Heredia (33), a US-born drug lieutenant. He had joined the Tijuana cartel after a crackdown on the notorious Arellano Felix brothers caused the group to splinter and emerge with a younger leadership.
    (AP, 7/12/11)

2011        Jul 10, In Mexico townsfolk, known as the Tzotzil Mayan Indians, took police hostage and demanded the government pay $4,300 for their release. Residents of San Cristobalito in Chiapas state were angry that the officers were executing an arrest warrant for a community member accused of auto theft. About 200 people, displeased with the negotiation, waited for the agents to get inside their unit before pushing it off a 400-foot (120-meter) cliff killing two officers and a civilian inside. A fourth man reportedly survived.
    (AP, 7/13/11)

2011        Jul 12, In Mexico at least 21 people, including a preteen boy, were killed in a single day of cartel violence in Ciudad Juarez. Soldiers found the largest marijuana plantation ever detected in Mexico, a huge field covering almost 300 acres (120 hectares) on the floor of the Baja California desert. Two men were caught in the camp and 56 others were rounded up.
    (AP, 7/13/11)(AP, 7/14/11)(AP, 7/15/11)

2011        Jul 13, Mexican authorities said federal police have caught the top hitman for the Knights Templar drug gang in the western state of Michoacan. Police alleged that suspect Javier Beltran Arco oversaw murders for the meth-trafficking gang. Beltran Arco is known by the nickname "El Chivo," or The Goat. Federal police seized copies of the cartel's 22pp "The Code of the Knights Templar of Michoacan," during the arrest. Michoacan authorities also announced the seizure of 44 metric tons of chemicals used to produce methamphetamine. The material was found at the Lazaro Cardenas seaport in two containers that had been shipped from Shanghai in China.
    (AP, 7/13/11)(AP, 7/20/11)

2011        Jul 15, In Mexico at least 12 state police officers and a bystander were killed in an ambush on a highway in the western state of Sinaloa. Fighting among inmates in a Nuevo Laredo prison near the US border killed 7 prisoners and allowed at least 59 others to escape.
    (AP, 7/15/11)

2011        Jul 16, In Mexico two Mexican tourists in Acapulco were killed in a gun attack at a restaurant on the main oceanfront avenue in the tourist zone of the Pacific resort. Two other people were wounded.
    (AP, 7/16/11)

2011        Jul 20, The Mexican army in north-central state of Queretaro seized a cache of more than 926 tons (840 metric tons) of precursor chemicals used to make methamphetamines.
    (AP, 7/21/11)

2011        Jul 21, The US Justice Department said  US authorities have arrested nearly 2,000 people on narcotics charges in a 20-month sting targeting Mexico's La Familia Michoacana drug cartel. The arrests and charges were carried out in 12 states and the US capital Washington in a major operation dubbed "Project Delirium."
    (AFP, 7/23/11)

2011        Jul 22, Mexican officials said 2 police officers assigned to work with US diplomats have been killed in a drive-by shooting in Guadalupe, a suburb of Monterrey. Soldiers killed 6 gunmen who had apparently set up a highway roadblock in a rural area of Zacatecas state. Three people were also found killed in the resort city of Acapulco. A police officer who had been collecting weapons from drug gangs there was shot by assailants, who made off with at least two rifles.
    (AP, 7/22/11)

2011        Jul 23, In Mexico 6 suspected cartel gunmen were killed in an overnight clash with soldiers in Ayotlan, Jalisco state. The army alleged that the men were members of the Zetas drug cartel, and said they found assault rifles, grenade launchers and ammunition at the scene. In Guadalajara a man was arrested trying to board a plane to Panama at the international airport carrying more than $290,000 in US currency hidden in a suitcase. In Acapulco two human heads were found on a highway bridge, wrapped in colorful plastic. The body of a third, 20-year-old man was found nearby riddled with bullets.
    (AP, 7/23/11)
2011        Jul 23, Mexican soldiers found a series of marijuana fields covering 148 acres (60 hectares) in the northern state of Durango. The army patrol also found 40 metric tons (44 US tons) of harvested marijuana at the plantation.
    (AP, 7/25/11)

2011        Jul 25, In Mexico a gun battle in a rural area south of Mexico City led to the death of nine suspected gunmen. Police also reported two dead in Acapulco. They were found shot to death on a major avenue. 5 gunmen were killed in a firefight and car chase with soldiers on a highway in Nuevo Leon near Laredo, Texas. A deadly clash between two rival gangs erupted at the state prison in Ciudad Juarez when a group of inmates entered the preventive detention area and opened fire on inmates. At least 17 inmates were killed. Soldiers and federal and state police officers took control of the prison early the next day. In October police found three pistols, two machine pistols and an assault rifle hidden in cell blocks at prison.
    (AP, 7/25/11)(AP, 7/26/11)(AP, 10/5/11)

2011        Jul 26, In Mexico the body of Yolanda Ordaz de la Cruz, a police beat reporter, was found in the Gulf coast state of Veracruz, the second reporter from the same newspaper slain in a month. She had been missing since July 24. Shepherds came across two decomposing bodies near a dirt road in the town of Juarez and alerted police. Another 16 bodies were buried underneath.
    (AP, 7/26/11)(AP, 7/27/11)

2011        Jul 27, In Mexico six men were shot to death and four were wounded by assailants at a fair in the town of Yurecuaro, Michoacan state. Three men who had been tortured and shot in the head were found dead on the outskirts of the Morelia, the capital of Michoacan.
    (AP, 7/27/11)

2011        Jul 28, Mexico's Army seized five metric tons of marijuana near the US border in Puerto Penasco, a beach city popular with visitors from Arizona.
    (AP, 7/30/11)

2011        Jul 29, The top Mexican federal prosecutors in 21 of the country's 31 states and federal district resigned. It came a week after the department had announced that 111 of its staff had been charged with crimes and 192 more fired for botching cases.
    (AP, 8/1/11)
2011        Jul 29, Mexican authorities captured Jose Antonio Acosta Hernandez (33) in Chihuahua. He was identified as the head of La Linea, a gang of hit men and corrupt police officers who act as enforcers for the Juarez Cartel. Hernandez was wanted by the US government on charges of murdering a US consulate employee and her husband last year in Ciudad Juarez.
    (AP, 7/31/11)

2011        Jul 30, In Mexico six employees of a nationally prominent polling firm disappeared in Apatzingan, Michoacan state, while working ahead of the state's upcoming race for governor.
    (AP, 8/1/11)

2011        Aug 1, In Mexico Moises Montero Alvarez (42), nicknamed "The Korean," was captured along with a 21-year-old and two teenagers believed to be accomplices. Alvarez is suspected of being a leader in the local Independent Cartel of Acapulco. Alvarez is accused of helping to carry out the Sept. 30 kidnapping of 20 vacationing men from Michoacan state. 3 marines were apparently kidnapped by drug cartels in the Gulf coast state of Veracruz.
    (AP, 8/2/11)(AP, 8/15/11)

2011        Aug 2, Mexican authorities said they have detained the director and four guards at a prison in Ciudad Juarez where 17 inmates were killed in fighting last week. A second Mexican polling firm reported three workers missing in Michoacan state, two days after six workers from another survey company vanished from the same place. Gunmen killed three police officers in Ascension, Chihuahua state.
    (AP, 8/2/11)(AP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 2, Mexican authorities detained Valdemar Quintanilla Soriano, identified as the No. 2 financial operator in the Zetas drug cartel. Federal police captured Quintanilla Soriano and another man in the northern state of Coahuila.
    (AP, 8/3/11)

2011        Aug 3, In Mexico 9 pollsters, recently kidnapped in Michoacan state, were released.
    (AP, 8/4/11)

2011        Aug 4, In Mexico the entire 20-man police force resigned in the northern town of Ascension, Chihuahua state, after a series of attacks that killed the police chief and five officers over the last three months. The Defense Department announced that a 19-day offensive in northern states against the Zetas drug cartel had resulted in the shooting deaths of 30 alleged criminals and a soldier. Among those killed was Jorge Luis de la Pena, the Zetas boss for Nuevo Laredo. Near Monterey police found the bodies of two men each hanging by an ankle from a pedestrian bridge.
    (AP, 8/4/11)
2011        Aug 4, In Mexico the chief prosecutor in Chiapas state said former Gov. Pablo Salazar, jailed on suspicion of embezzlement, will also face manslaughter charges involving the 2002-2003 deaths of two babies and with negligence in the deaths of 31 other newborns.
    (AP, 8/4/11)

2011        Aug 5, In Mexico 7 armed assailants, clad in military uniforms and armed with AK-47s, were killed in a shootout with federal police in Michoacan state. In Acapulco three homes in separate neighborhoods were burned down with gasoline bombs. 8 men and one woman were killed in separate incidents in Acapulco, including slayings at two restaurants and a bus station. In one case, the dismembered body of a man was found in an abandoned car. Police arrested five members of a kidnapping and extortion ring that operated in the Mexico City region including gang leader Eduardo Sanchez Zuniga, nicknamed "El Bla Bla." The gang was known for leaving the heads of pigs outside homes and businesses as a warning. 3 indigenous Triqui activists were shot to death near Agua Fria Copala in Oaxaca state.
    (AP, 8/7/11)

2011        Aug 6, Mexican authorities said dozens of armed villagers surrounded the home of a suspected crime gang in Santa Cruz Tepenixtlahuaca, Oaxaca state, setting off a gunbattle that killed a child, a woman and four men. Police said the dismembered bodies of four young men were dumped near a high school  in Sinaloa state. Five young men were found dead near a middle school outside Monterrey, Nuevo Leon state. 5 young people were shot to death as they ordered dinner at a highway-side hot dog stand in the San Ignacio municipality, Sinaloa state.
    (AP, 8/6/11)(AP, 8/7/11)

2011        Aug 8, Mexico's government said it is suspending about $102 million in federal law enforcement grants to 80 percent of the country's most violent municipalities because they haven't shown progress in using the money. Two university professors were injured by the explosion of a package bomb on a campus near the national capital at a campus of Monterrey Technological Institute. The anti-technology group Individuals Tending to Savagery was later said to be responsible. The bullet-riddled bodies of four police officers and a civilian were found dumped in Michoacan state. The officers from Colima had just gone off duty when they vanished on Aug 6. A naval academy cadet went missing after he failed to turn up at the Veracruz state academy.
    (AP, 8/9/11)(SFC, 8/10/11, p.A2)(AP, 8/15/11)

2011        Aug 9, Mexican officials said a girl was killed and a woman wounded by gunshots when a firefight broke out between soldiers and bandits on a toll road considered the safe route to the resort city of Acapulco. A tractor trailer loaded with cement crashed into a day-care center in Arramberi, Nuevo Leon state, killing three small girls and three adults.
    (AP, 8/9/11)(AP, 8/10/11)

2011        Aug 10, In Mexico Ruvalcaba Plascencia, former head of police for the city of Chihuahua and the border city of Ciudad Juarez, was shot to death at a restaurant in the Chihuahua state capital.
    (AP, 8/11/11)

2011        Aug 11, Mexican police arrested the suspected leader of a brutal drug gang called "The Hand with Eyes" and he has confessed to helping carry out or ordering more than 600 murders. Oscar Osvaldo Garcia Montoya (36) was arrested in an overnight raid on a presumed safe house on the outskirts of Mexico City.
    (AP, 8/12/11)

2011        Aug 12, Mexico’s official National Human Rights Commission complained that Mexican police and soldiers regularly burst into homes, plant evidence and take people's possessions. It said the violations have increased as the war against drug cartels has grown more intense.
    (AP, 8/13/11)

2011        Aug 13, In Acapulco, Mexico, the body of a man who had been beaten in several places was found half-buried in the ground wrapped in a bedspread, while two men who had been shot were found in a graveyard.
    (AP, 8/14/11)

2011        Aug 14, In Mexico 8 people were killed in Acapulco. A grenade blast has killed one man and wounded a woman and two children in the Gulf coast city of Veracruz. A grenade tossed onto a busy tourist boulevard in the Gulf coast city of Veracruz killed one man and seriously wounded his wife and their two young children. The navy found objects belonging to 4 servicemen kidnapped earlier this month in a raid on a warehouse. Investigators later found four bodies in four pits on the outskirts of the state capital.
    (AP, 8/14/11)(AP, 8/15/11)(AP, 8/18/11)

2011        Aug 16, Mexican President Felipe Calderon signed into law a constitutional change eliminating the "pocket veto," a measure that formerly allowed presidents to kill legislation by refusing to sign it.
    (AP, 8/16/11)

2011        Aug 18, Mexican soldiers killed eight gunmen in a clash in the northern border state of Nuevo Leon. Police in Acapulco reported finding two ice chests, one of which held a man's head and the other containing what appeared to be his leg and right foot. Guerrero state police said three other coolers were found in another part of the city with other body parts. 3 men were found shot to death in Acapulco city buses.
    (AP, 8/18/11)
2011        Aug 18, Spanish authorities arrested Aeromexico co-pilot Ruben Garcia Garcia for attempting to smuggle 93 pounds of cocaine into the European country.
    (AP, 8/23/11)

2011        Aug 20, In Mexico 2 decapitated bodies and scalped heads were dumped outside a Sam's Club store in Acapulco while 3 headless corpses were found nearby on the resort city's main tourist strip. Authorities said they found the bullet-riddled bodies of nine men on a highway in the Pacific Coast state of Nayarit.
    (AP, 8/20/11)

2011        Aug 23, In Mexico gunmen hung a man from a pedestrian bridge over a busy avenue in the city of Monterrey and shot him to death in front of dozens of motorists. In Acapulco two teenage boys of about 15 years of age were shot to death by unidentified assailants. Police also found a man's dismembered body in a car in another Acapulco neighborhood.
    (AP, 8/23/11)

2011        Aug 24, Mexican officials said that civil, tax and administrative cases will be processed through a state website. Officials expected everything from filings to rulings to be done electronically.
    (AP, 8/24/11)
2011        Aug 24, In Mexico gunmen attacked a group of parents waiting for their children outside an elementary school, killing one man and wounding five other people in a dangerous part of the border city of Ciudad Juarez.
    (AP, 8/24/11)

2011        Aug 25, In Mexico a group of at least eight assailants, believed to be connected to a drug cartel, spread gasoline inside the Casino Royale and set the building on fire, trapping dozens of people inside. The fire killed 52 people in the Monterrey casino. The body of Humberto Millan Salazar (53), an online newspaper journalist, was found in a farm building outside the city of Culiacan, Sinaloa state, with a gunshot wound in the face. He had been kidnapped a day earlier. In 2012 seven men were sentenced to 75-100 years for their roles in the fire.
    (AP, 8/26/11)(AP, 8/25/11)(SFC, 12/15/12, p.A2)

2011        Aug 29, Mexican police announced the arrest of 5 suspects associated with the Zetas drug cartel in the August 25 casino fire in Monterrey. At least one of the suspects confessed that the attack was in response to the casino owner’s refusal to pay protection money.
    (SFC, 8/30/11, p.A2)
2011        Aug 25, In Mexico a group of at least eight assailants, believed to be connected to a drug cartel, spread gasoline inside the Casino Royale and set the building on fire, trapping dozens of people inside. The fire killed 52 people in the Monterrey casino. The body of Humberto Millan Salazar (53), an online newspaper journalist, was found in a farm building outside the city of Culiacan, Sinaloa state, with a gunshot wound in the face. He had been kidnapped a day earlier.
    (AP, 8/26/11)(AP, 8/25/11)

2011        Aug 26, In Mexico about 700 soldiers, federal police and Treasury Department agents began raiding casinos in Monterrey seizing slot machines and putting them in moving trucks. The tax agency said the continuing operation was meant to verify whether casinos had paid taxes or introduced slot machines illegally.
    (AP, 8/28/11)
2011        Aug 26, In Mexico 4 miners were killed in an explosion that caved in part of a coal mine in the northern Mexico border state of Coahuila.
    (AP, 8/25/11)

2011        Aug 28, Mexican police excavated a corn field in the at Almoloya de Juarez farming town not far from the capital and discover the decomposed bodies of five people. In Acapulco police found the decapitated body of a 25-year-old woman in the trunk of a sedan parked outside a home. Elsewhere in Acapulco three men were shot dead in two separate incidents and their bodies left in public view in residential neighborhoods.
    (AP, 8/28/11)

2011        Aug 29, In Mexico 140 elementary schools in the resort city of Acapulco closed after teachers refused to show up for fear of extortion threats and kidnappings by drug gangs. Police in Ciudad Juarez exhumed the skeletal remains, including five skulls, of seven people in a cotton field. The Chihuahua state Attorney General's Office said officers suspected the bodies had been there for two years. In southern Chihuahua state police reported the weekend discovery of seven bodies, of six men and one woman, buried together in a mountain town. The seven had gone missing earlier this month.
    (AP, 8/29/11)

2011        Aug 31, Mexican police arrested Jean Baptiste Kingery (40) of the US for smuggling American grenade parts into Mexico for use by the Sinaloa cartel. Kingery had been detained in Arizona in June 2010 and then released, purportedly because officials wanted to use him as an informant or in a sting operation.
    (AP, 9/6/11)(WSJ, 9/6/11)

2011        Sep 1, Mexico’s President Calderon delivered his annual national report to Congress, saying he has strengthened the rule of law and fought against drug gangs like never before. Federal police said they have arrested a state police officer in connection with the Aug 25 arson fire at a Monterrey casino that killed 52 people. Five alleged members of the Zetas drug cartel have been arrested in connection with the fire. Police have said at least 12 people were involved. Joggers discovered the nude bodies of 2 women near a cemetery in El Mirador park in Iztapalapa, Mexico city. Autopsies showed that Rocio Gonzalez (48) and Marcela Yarce (45) were strangled with rope and later shot. Their hands were tied behind their backs. Two men were later detained in the case with robbery as the motive.
    (AP, 9/1/11)(AP, 10/4/11)
2011        Sep 1, Mexican police found a tunnel was found in the border city of Nogales, across the border from Nogales, Arizona. It was presumably used to smuggle people into the US. Police found it acting on information they received after discovering another tunnel in Nogales on Aug. 16.
    (AP, 9/5/11)

2011        Sep 2, In Mexico Samuel Flores Borrego (39), also know as "el Metro 3," was shot dead near Reynosa, across the border from McAllen, Texas, in what appeared to be an attack by members of his own cartel. He was found inside a vehicle along with the body of a police officer. The US government had a reward of up to $5 million for the capture of Flores, who faced drug-trafficking charges north of the border. Hidalgo state police said they have arrested 31 suspected drug cartel members, including 16 police officers who allegedly were paid to protect the Zetas gang.
    (AP, 9/2/11)

2011        Sep 4, Mexican federal congressman Moises Villanueva (46) and his driver went missing after leaving a party held by a fellow member of the opposition Institutional Revolutionary Party in the town of Tlapa de Comonfort in Villanueva's district. On Sep 17 their badly decomposed bodies were found in a river in the town of Huamuxtitlan, Guerrero state.
    (AP, 9/18/11)

2011        Sep 5, Mexico City police arrested Claudia Tapia (44), Jorge Iniestra (32), his mother and several of his siblings. Iniestra was arrested for allegedly keeping his two teenage stepdaughters captive for five years. He fathered five children with one of them, then killed the other young woman and one of the babies. Tapia was arrested for covering up the abuse.
    (AP, 9/7/11)

2011        Sep 8, The Mexican Navy said it has dismantled a telecommunications system set up by the Zetas drug cartel in the Gulf coast state of Veracruz and arrested 80 people, including six police officers in a 26-day operation.
    (AP, 9/9/11)

2011        Sep 9, Mexico's state oil company said it was searching for 10 workers from a Texas-based company who evacuated from a platform in the Gulf of Mexico ahead of Tropical Storm Nate. On Sep 11 seven of the 10 oil workers were found alive 51 miles (82 km) off the coast of the gulf state of Campeche.
    (AP, 9/9/11)(AP, 9/11/11)
2011        Sep 9, The Mexican navy captured 13 gunmen in Veracruz, including a suspect in the killing of a marine. They were said to be members of the Zetas drug cartel.
    (AP, 9/13/11)

2011        Sep 10, Mexican marines in Tampico captured Manuel Alquisires Garcia, the Gulf Cartel's alleged finance officer. Alquisires, aka "El Meme," was originally arrested in June 1998 along with Osiel Cardenas Guillen. Alquisires had escaped from a prison in Matamoros in 2002.   
    (AP, 9/13/11)

2011        Sep 12, Mexican police arrested Oscar Osvaldo Garcia Montoya (36) overnight. He was the suspected leader of a brutal drug gang called The Hand with Eyes and has confessed to helping carry out or ordering more than 600 murders.
    (SSFC, 9/18/11, p.A4)

2011        Sep 13, In Mexico placards were left with two disemboweled bodies of a man and a woman in Nuevo Laredo. They warned that the same fate awaits others who send information on social media regarding gang activity.
    (SFC, 9/16/11, p.A6)(Econ, 9/24/11, p.38)

2011        Sep 14, In Mexico 4 gunmen were killed by police in a shootout that led to the release of five kidnapping victims in the western state of Michoacan.
    (AP, 9/14/11)

2011        Sep 19, The Mexican army captured Saul Solis Solis (49), a former police chief and one-time congressional candidate, without incident in Michoacan, the home state of the Knights Templar drug cartel. At least 32 inmates got away from the three Veracruz prisons. Police recaptured 14 of them. On Oct 4 the Navy officials reported the capture of 9 more.
    (AP, 9/20/11)(AP, 9/21/11)(AP, 10/4/11)
2011        Aug 30, The US Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) announced that they had arrested 7 men in Utah, alleged members of Mexico’s Sinaloa drug cartel. Cashes of guns, cash and drugs were seized.
    (Econ, 9/24/11, p.40)

2011        Sep 20, In Mexico suspected drug traffickers dumped 35 bodies at rush hour beneath a busy overpass in Veracruz, as gunmen pointed weapons at frightened drivers. Local media said that 12 of the victims were women. Police thus far had identified seven of the victims and all had criminal records for murder, drug dealing, kidnapping and extortion and were linked to organized crime. The New Generation gang, aka “Zeta Killers,” was later said to be responsible. 
    (AP, 9/21/11)(AP, 10/7/11)

2011        Sep 22, Mexican police found 11 bodies in the joined cities of Veracruz and Boca del Rio. Gunmen killed a traffic police officer as he directed motorists in the Monterrey suburb of Guadalupe and then went to a nearby house, where drugs were allegedly sold, and killed 6 men. In the Pacific coast state of Sinaloa, gunmen killed Vicente Castillo Carrillo (18), a nephew of the Juarez drug cartel's purported leader, Vicente Carrillo Fuentes.
    (AP, 9/22/11)(AP, 9/23/11)

2011        Sep 23, Hurricane Hilary moved away from Mexico's southwestern coast in the Pacific as a powerful Category 4 storm, and search teams recovered the bodies of three fishermen caught in the storm.
    (AP, 9/23/11)

2011        Sep 24, Mexican police found a woman's decapitated body in the border city of Nuevo Laredo, alongside a handwritten sign saying she was killed in retaliation for her postings on a social networking site. She was identified as Marisol Macias Castaneda, a newsroom manager for the Nuevo Laredo newspaper Primera Hora.
    (AP, 9/24/11)

2011        Sep 27, Mexican police found five severed heads in front of a primary school in the Pacific coast resort of Acapulco.
    (AP, 9/28/11)

2011        Sep 28, In Ciudad Juarez, Mexico, the federal Attorney General's Office announced that 10 former federal officers have been arrested and ordered to stand trial on charges of extortion, abuse of authority and drug possession, among others. Prosecutors said the officers were detained earlier this month on a citizen complaint. They were caught with a captive man in their vehicle, who told investigators the police had threatened to plant drugs on him and demanded money in return for releasing him. Federal agents detained Roberto Lopez (32) in Zapopan, a suburb of Guadalajara. He is alleged to be one of four members of the Zetas drug cartel who planned the Aug. 25 arson of the Casino Royale in Monterrey.
    (AP, 9/28/11)(AP, 9/30/11)

2011        Sep 29, Mexican authorities in Veracruz detained Angel Mora (25), the Zeta drug cartel's alleged top hit man for the disappearance of three marines. Mora, nicknamed "Commander Devil," was detained with one other gunman, Gregorio Maldonado. 
    (AP, 9/30/11)
2011        Sep 29, Manssor Arbabsiar (56), a US citizen who holds an Iranian passport, was arrested when he arrived at New York's Kennedy International Airport. Mexico worked closely with US authorities to help foil an alleged $1.5 million plot to kill the Saudi Arabian ambassador to Washington. On Oct 11 Arbabsiar was charged in US District Court in New York with conspiring to kill the Saudi diplomat, Adel Al-Jubeir (49).
    (AP, 10/12/11)

2011        Sep 30, In Mexico a 13-year-old girl was abducted in Chihuahua state. Two soldiers were detained, hours after the girl's parents reported she had been abducted. A third civilian suspect was still at large.
    (AP, 10/3/11)

2011        Oct 1, In Mexico two gunmen shot to death a 22-year-old man near a Walmart store on the beachside avenue Costera Miguel Aleman.
    (AP, 10/3/11)

2011        Oct 2, In Mexico the bullet-riddled, bound bodies of seven men were dumped at a downtown bus stop in the Pacific resort town of Zihuatanejo. In Acapulco 10 men and two women were killed in separate attacks overnight, including one in which gunmen stormed a bar and shot a couple dead. Gunmen killed three women and two men as the victims were driving away from a supermarket in a busy area of Mazatlan city.
    (AP, 10/2/11)

2011        Oct 3, Mexico City police found two severed human heads on a street near a major military base, a grisly tactic of warring drug gangs that has long affected other parts of the country while largely sparing the capital. The heads were accompanied by a note referring to the "Mano con Ojos" or "Hand with Eyes" drug gang. Hidalgo police chief Damian Canales said officers have captured four alleged members of the gang believed to have participated in the killings of 70 people, most whose bodies were disposed of by being dissolved in vats. He said suspect Javier Rodriguez (21) told agents he had shot 20 members of the Gulf Cartel. In Acapulco four men were bound and shot in an auto repair shop with two cars set on fire.
    (AP, 10/4/11)

2011        Oct 4, The Mexican Army said soldiers captured a Sinaloa cartel lieutenant who had founded an armed wing working for Mexico's most-wanted Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman. Noel Salgueiro Nevarez, "El Flaco" or the "Skinny," was the Gente Nueva gang leader. Mexico's navy announced that marines found nine escaped inmates apparently working for the Zetas drug cartel at a camp believed to be operated by the group near the Gulf port city of Veracruz. The detentions resulted from a series of raids conducted last week that also netted 18 local police officers who also allegedly worked for the Zetas. Marines arrested a man wearing a police uniform for disturbing the peace. The navy said he was a police officer from the city of Mendoza in Veracruz state and allegedly acted as a liaison between the Zetas and corrupt police. A list in his pocket indicated that local police officers from several towns had received payments of between 2,000 ($144) and 10,000 pesos ($718) per month from the cartel.
    (AP, 10/5/11)
2011        Oct 4, Mexican officials arrested Martin Rosales Magana, one of the last major leaders of the La Familia cartel, along with three associates. The cartel has been displaced in its western home state of Michoacan by the equally cult-like Knights Templar gang.
    (AP, 10/5/11)

2011        Oct 6, Mexican marines arrested 8 members of the Jalisco New Generation gang. The suspects told them where 32 bodies were hidden in Veracruz state. Marines also arrested 12 members of the rival Zetas gang, including a man alleged to be their operations leader in Veracruz. A Nuevo Leon state official said several police officers allowed a violent drug gang to hold kidnap victims in a local jail while ransom payments were being negotiated.
    (AP, 10/7/11)(SFC, 10/8/11, p.A2)
2011        Oct 6, Mexican police arrested four men and a woman for allegedly helping force women to work as prostitutes in Mexico and the United States.
    (AP, 10/7/11)

2011        Oct 7, Mexican officials found 10 more bodies in Veracruz, in what appears to be more bloodshed in the battle between rival cartels for control of drug trafficking in the port city. The relatively new Jalisco New Generation gang claims to be attacking members of the Zetas cartel with 75 deaths since Sep 20.
    (AP, 10/8/11)

2011        Oct 9, In Mexico the entire police force of the northern city of Linares, over 100 officers, was detained for investigation of possible corruption and ties to organized crime. Mexican soldiers and Nuevo Leon state police patrolled in their absence.
    (AP, 10/10/11)

2011        Oct 10, Mexican marines said they have seized more than 4 tons of marijuana, arrested 36 cartel members and killed 11 others during five days of raids through the violent border state of Tamaulipas.
    (AP, 10/10/11)

2011        Oct 11, Mexican marines in the violent border state of Tamaulipas found the body of Cesar Davila Garcia, the alleged top accountant for the Gulf Cartel drug trafficking network.
    (AP, 10/12/11)

2011        Oct 12, Mexican troops captured Carlos Oliva Castillo (37), alias "The Frog," as part of an operation that freed 36 kidnap victims and led to the seizure of more than 800 cars as well as 27.5 tons of marijuana and hundreds of weapons in Saltillo, Coahuila state. He had allegedly ordered an arson attack at a casino in northern Mexico that killed 52 people. 14 people, including three state police investigators and a local police officer, were reported killed in eight separate incidents in Ciudad Juarez. In Chihuahua gunmen killed six people in a house where drug users gathered to take heroin in the state capital.
    (AP, 10/12/11)(AP, 10/13/11)
2011        Oct 12, Hurricane Jova slammed into Mexico’s Pacific coast killing 6 people. Farther south, a low-pressure system continued to dump rain on southern Mexico and Central America, where it was blamed for the deaths of 15 people in Guatemala.
    (SFC, 10/13/11, p.A2)(AP, 10/13/11)

2011        Oct 15, In Mexico a bloody, hours-long fight in a prison in the border city of Matamoros left 20 inmates dead and 12 injured. Soldiers in the border city of Piedras Negras freed 61 men, all migrants being held for ransom by the Zetas drug cartel.
    (AP, 10/16/11)(AP, 10/17/11)

2011        Oct 18, In Mexico Veracruz police chief Arturo Bermudez said 980 state agents have been dismissed in the past couple of weeks after failing lie detector and other tests. Christian Arturo Hernandez Tarin, the leader a gang known as "the street sweeper," was detained in the central state of Mexico. His gang has been fighting against the local Independent Cartel of Acapulco for control of the coast city since the 2010 arrest of suspected Texas-born drug capo Edgar Valdez Villareal, known as "La Barbie."
    (AP, 10/18/11)

2011        Oct 20, Mexican President Felipe Calderon accused the United States of dumping criminals at the border because it is cheaper than prosecuting them, and said the practice has fueled violence in Mexico's border areas.
    (AP, 10/21/11)

2011        Oct 21, In Mexico a helicopter carrying Mexico state Metropolitan Development Secretary Fernando Garcia and his assistant crashed against a wall and on top of some cars in the Coyoacan borough. A secretary and co-pilot were killed.
    (AP, 10/21/11)
2011        Oct 21, A Mexican tractor-trailer crossed into the US for the first time under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), signed in 1994.
    (SFC, 10/22/11, p.A6)

2011        Oct 22, Mexican prosecutors said that a 15-year-old boy, nicknamed El Gallito, has confessed to running a drug trafficking gang on the resort island of Isla Mujeres and murdering two women who reportedly worked as drug dealers. The women's bodies were found before dawn on Oct 20, and El Gallito was detained on Oct 21.
    (AP, 10/22/11)

2011        Oct 23, The Mexico army arrested 10 people  and confiscated 10 cars or SUVs that were being bulletproofed for drug gangs, as well as six other vehicles in a warehouse in the northern state of Sinaloa.
    (AP, 10/25/11)
2011        Oct 23, In Mexico two Americans died in the crash of a small plane in the city of Angela R. Cabada, Veracruz state.
    (AP, 10/24/11)

2011        Oct 24, Mexican federal police detained two US men for attempting to fly out of Mexico with $950,000 in undeclared cash in a suitcase.
    (AP, 10/27/11)

2011        Oct 25, Mexican authorities said federal police in Acapulco caught a young woman, Damaris Gomez (19), and a young man (21) as they were getting off a car near a shopping mall with an ice chest containing a decapitated head and other human remains. Police in Ciudad Juarez found the dismembered bodies of four men in bits scattered around the city.
    (AP, 10/25/11)
2011        Oct 25, The Mexican navy arrested Carlos "The Bam Bam" Pitalua, the alleged local chief of the Zetas drug cartel in the Gulf coast port of Veracruz. The navy said he is tied to the dumping of eight bodies in a rural town a week ago. Mexican marines also captured alleged Zetas "accountant" Carmen del Consuelo Saenz (29) in Veracruz, along 10 other alleged Zetas members.
    (AP, 10/26/11)(AP, 10/27/11)

2011        Oct 26, Mexico's National Public Safety System announced that almost one-third of 63,436 low-ranking Mexican police officers tested so far have failed background and security checks. Prosecutors announced the arrest last week of Adrian Ramirez, alias "The Mushroom," the alleged leader of the Cartel del Centro. 2 more suspects in the Aug. 25 attack on the Casino Royale were detained in Monterrey.
    (AP, 10/26/11)

2011        Oct 27, The US Treasury Department announced it is imposing sanctions on Martin Guadencio Avendano (42), the owner of a Mexican racetrack and car dealership, along with his two brothers, for alleged involvement with the Sinaloa drug cartel.
    (AP, 10/27/11)

2011        Oct 28, In Mexico at least 21 people were killed in three shootouts between soldiers and gunmen and a fight between rival drug gangs. This included 15 in Michoacan and 6 in Sinaloa.
    (AP, 10/28/11)

2011        Oct 29, Phoenix-based US Airways flight attendant Nick Aaronson (33) was found dead in a Mexico City hotel room while on a layover. Authorities were investigating the death as a homicide.
    (AP, 10/30/11)

2011        Oct 31, In Mexico a light airplane taking off from the border city of Tijuana crashed into an auto repair shop near a street market, killing three people and setting fire to several cars.
    (AP, 10/31/11)
2011        Oct 31, Arizona law enforcement officials said a massive drug smuggling ring has been broken up. Over the past month 76 people were arrested linked to the Sinaloa drug cartel, which over the last 5 years had generated over $2 billion by smuggling cocaine, heroine and marijuana into the US.
    (SFC, 11/1/11, p.A7)

2011        Nov 1, It was reported that bloggers and tweeters claiming to belong to the hacker movement "Anonymous" say they plan to expose collaborators of Mexico's bloody Zetas drug cartel, even if some of them seem to have backed away from the plan out of fear.
    (AP, 11/1/11)
2011        Nov 1, Mexican authorities found eight dead people in a mangrove swamp near the city of Boca del Rio, Veracruz state, that has seen a recent surge in the large-scale dumping of bodies during an outbreak of violence among rival drug cartels. The Mexican navy over the last 24 hours recovered two metric tons of marijuana floating in the Pacific Ocean near the resort town of Cabo San Lucas.
    (AP, 11/2/11)

2011        Nov 2, Mexican Mayor Ricardo Guzman (45) of La Piedad, Michoacan state, was shot dead while campaigning for President Felipe Calderon's sister in her run for the governorship. 3 women, a teenage girl and a 7-year-old boy were killed when gunmen ambushed them as they were riding in a pickup truck on a dirt road in the town of El Rosario, Sinaloa state.
    (AP, 11/2/11)(AP, 11/3/11)

2011        Nov 3, In Mexico groups of heavily armed men fired hundreds of shots at each other in the streets of the border city of Ciudad Juarez, leaving at least six combatants dead.
    (AP, 11/4/11)

2011        Nov 4, In Mexico gunmen opened fire on a group of volleyball players in the drug violence-plagued state of Sinaloa, killing eight people and wounding at least seven. Federal police said they detained the second of three alleged leaders of a drug gang locked in a fierce battle for control of the Pacific resort city of Acapulco.
    (AP, 11/4/11)

2011        Nov 5, In Mexico Juan Francisco Sillas Rocha (34), who allegedly reported directly to the head of the Arellano Felix cartel, shot and wounded two unidentified rivals driving through Tijuana. Police and soldiers captured him after cordoning off the area.
    (AP, 11/8/11)

2011        Nov 7, In Mexico federal and state police searched an Acapulco prison before dawn. The search netted two peacocks, 100 fighting cocks, 19 prostitutes and two sacks filled with marijuana. Police also found dozens of televisions, several bottles of alcohol and knives.
    (AP, 11/7/11)

2011        Nov 8, Mexican police found the heads of two men in a residential area of Mexico City. Police found their bodies inside a stolen car nearby.
    (AP, 11/8/11)

2011        Nov 9, In Mexico the decapitated body of a man was left at the same monument in Nuevo Laredo where the corpse of a woman, purportedly killed in retaliation for her postings on an anti-crime website, had been left previously. A photo of the scene indicates the man was killed for reporting criminals on social media sites. The naked bodies of six men and a woman were found on an outdoor basketball court outside the city of Durango. In Acapulco police found the decapitated bodies of a man and a woman inside an abandoned taxi. Soldiers in Culiacan detained Ovidio Limon Sanchez (48), a top operator for the powerful Sinaloa drug cartel.
    (AP, 11/9/11)(AP, 11/10/11)
2011        Nov 9, Human Rights Watch released an investigative report that accused the Mexican government of torture, forced disappearances and extra-judicial killings in its war against organized crime. HRW presented evidence of the police and army’s role in 24 extrajudicial killings, 39 disappearances and 170 cases of torture since December 2006.
    (AP, 11/9/11)(Econ, 11/12/11, p.46)

2011        Nov 10, In Germany some 300 police officers searched the headquarters of Heckler & Koch amid allegations the German arms maker bribed Mexican officials in connection with arms deliveries between 2005 and 2010. Heckler & Koch was also under investigation following the discovery of its assault rifles in Libya.
    (AP, 11/10/11)

2011        Nov 11, Mexico’s Interior Secretary Francisco Blake Mora (45) was killed in a helicopter crash, a stunning mishap too odd for some Mexicans to accept as an accident. Mora was appointed in June 2010, the 4th interior secretary since Calderon was elected five years ago. The crash of the Super Puma helicopter, part of the presidential fleet, also killed the undersecretary for legal affairs and human rights, Felipe Zamora, two other interior officials, the chief of Blake Mora's security detail and three crew members.
    (AP, 11/12/11)

2011        Nov 13, Mexico’s Michoacan state held elections for governor. The former ruling party won the race after a campaign marred by drug-cartel threats and violence, defeating President Felipe Calderon's sister and building momentum for its drive to take back the presidency next year. Fausto Vallejo Figueroa of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) won 35% over Luisa Maria Calderon (PAN) at 33%.
    (AP, 11/14/11)(SFC, 11/15/11, p.A4)
2011        Nov 13, Mexican soldiers searching vehicles for hidden drugs found 140 Central Americans crammed into a tractor-trailer rig in Chiapas. Police found the bodies of six bricklayers who were working on a new elementary school in the northern state of Chihuahua. Two of them were mutilated. Mexican officials arrested Juan Gabriel Orozco Favela, a drug dealer who controlled smuggling routes and ran a campaign of murder and intimidation for the Knights Templar drug cartel.
    (AP, 11/14/11)(AP, 11/15/11)
2011        Nov 13, In Mexico norteno singer Diego Rivas  was shot dead in Culiacan, Sinaloa state, joining a list of murdered musicians famous for chronicling the cartel lifestyle in folk songs.
    (AP, 11/13/11)

2011        Nov 15, In Mexico El Siglo de Torreon, a newspaper in the northern city of Torreon, was attacked by armed men who set fire to the facade of its offices and opened fire at its sales offices.
    (AP, 11/15/11)
2011        Nov 15, Mexican officials captured Alfredo Aleman Narvaez, a suspected leader for the Zetas drug cartel, during a horse race that he organized in the northern state of Zacatecas.
    (AP, 11/17/11)
2011        Nov 15, In southern California an estimated 17 tons of marijuana were seized in the discovery of a cross-border tunnel linking warehouses in San Diego and Tijuana. Authorities said it was one of the most significant secret drug smuggling passages ever found on the US-Mexico border.
    (AP, 11/17/11)

2011        Nov 16, In Mexico Victor Manuel Martinez Cortez, a federal prosecutor for the border state of Coahuila, was about to leave his home in Torreon when he was attacked and killed while sitting in his car.
    (AP, 11/16/11)

2011        Nov 20, In Mexico Durango state prosecutors said troops found the remains of seven people in the town of San Juan del Rio, about 60 miles (100 km) north of the state capital, the city of Durango.
    (AP, 11/21/11)

2011        Nov 21, In Mexico assailants kidnapped and killed three police officers in the city of Acuna, across the border from Del Rio, Texas. Hidalgo state police said authorities detained eight local police officers for allegedly working for the Zetas. Military authorities said soldiers in the border state of Chihuahua detained two police chiefs while they were meeting with an alleged drug trafficker.
    (AP, 11/21/11)
2011        Nov 21, The Mexican army seized $15.3 million in bundles of cash believed to belong to members of the Sinaloa drug cartel. Soldiers found the piles of US bills inside a car in a downtown neighborhood of the border city of Tijuana, along with two rifles, two pistols and three kilograms (6.6 pounds) of cocaine.
    (AP, 11/22/11)

2011        Nov 23, In Mexico attacks in Sinaloa left 24 people dead and 17 of the victims' bodies were found burned in two pickup trucks. 12 of the bodies were in the back of one truck, some of them handcuffed and wearing bulletproof vests.
    (AP, 11/23/11)(AP, 11/24/11)

2011        Nov 24, In Mexico the bound and gagged bodies of 26 young men were discovered in vehicles abandoned in the heart of Guadalajara, Mexico's second-largest city. Evidence identified the assassins as being from the Zetas and a smaller, allied gang, the Milenio Cartel.
    (AP, 11/24/11)

2011        Nov 25, Mexican activists lodged a war-crimes complaint against President Felipe Calderon at the International Criminal Court, claiming his offensive against drug cartels has involved about 470 cases of human rights violations by the army or police. Defense officials detained Ezequiel "El Junior" Cardenas Rivera (23). Rivera's father was Antonio Ezequiel Cardenas Guillen, Gulf leader until he was killed by federal forces in November 2010.
    (AP, 11/25/11)(AP, 11/29/11)

2011        Nov 26, Mexican authorities arrested three members of the Zetas drug cartel who later confessed to the June slaying of bodyguards for the governor of the northern state of Nuevo Leon. They were identified as Arturo Garcia Celaya (24), Jose Daniel Hernandez Guzman (25), and Nicolas Yepes Alvarez (34).
    (AP, 11/27/11)

2011        Nov 28, In Mexico Nepomuceno Moreno (56), who repeatedly had accused police in the Sonoran capital of Hermosillo of kidnapping his 18-year-old son last year, was shot to death in his hometown in Sonora state. A band of heavily armed teenage car thieves shot it out with officers during a high-speed chase, before crashing their stolen car in the northern industrial city of Monterrey. One young man escaped. Two 13-year-old boys and a 15-year-old girl were taken into custody. Soldiers killed five suspected drug gang members in a gunbattle on the outskirts of Monterrey.
    (AP, 11/29/11)
2011        Nov 28, Mexican trucker Daniel Navarro (45) was sentenced in San Diego to almost 16 years in prison for his role in two major drug tunnels along the US-Mexico border.
    (SFC, 11/29/11, p.A5)

2011        Nov 29, Authorities in San Diego uncovered a 600-yard cross border tunnel and seized 32 tons of marijuana.
    (SFC, 12/1/11, p.A13)

2011        Dec 1, Mexican authorities said army troops have dismantled a telecommunications system set up by organized crime in four northern states. The US government delivered inspection technology and a surveillance plane to help Mexico's navy fight drug cartels.
    (AP, 12/1/11)

2011        Dec 2, In Mexico Humberto Moreira the head of Mexico's former ruling party (PRI) resigned over a financial scandal in Coahuila that threatened the party's efforts to rebrand itself as corruption-free and retake the presidency in 2012. The case against two of Moreira’s associates was dropped in 2013 due to lack of evidence.
    (AP, 12/2/11)(Econ, 3/10/12, p.50)(AP, 4/24/13)
2011        Dec 2, In Mexico Norma Andrade (51), an activist representing relatives of women slain or missing in the border city of Ciudad Juarez, was shot in what authorities called an apparent robbery attempt. She was shot twice outside her home and was in stable condition in a hospital.
    (AP, 12/3/11)

2011        Dec 4, The Mexican army said that it has seized a total of at least 167 antennas, 155 repeaters, 166 power sources, 71 pieces of computer equipment and 1,446 radios. The equipment was taken down in several cities in the Gulf coast state of Veracruz and the northern states of Nuevo Leon, Coahuila, San Luis Potosi and Tamaulipas. The network was built around 2006 by the Gulf cartel, a narcotics-trafficking gang that employed a group of enforcers known as the Zetas, who had defected from Mexican army special forces.
    (AP, 12/26/11)

2011        Dec 7, In Mexico gunmen attacked an ambulance in the border city of Ciudad Juarez, killing the driver, two patients and a fourth person in the vehicle. Authorities reported six other slayings in addition to the ambulance attack.
    (AP, 12/8/11)

2011        Dec 8, Mexican authorities say they have seized 226 tons (205 metric tons) of a chemical used in synthetic drugs. The methylamine was found over several days this month in the port of Lazaro Cardenas in 11 containers shipped from China.
    (AP, 12/8/11)

2011        Dec 9, Mexico's navy said the first woman has joined the ranks of its special forces.
    (AP, 12/9/11)
2011        Dec 9, The Mexican army found a 50-yard (meter) long tunnel starting under a building in the northern city of Nogales, which is across the border from Nogales, Arizona.
    (AP, 12/11/11)

2011        Dec 10, In Mexico armed men holed up in a building in the city of Valle Hermoso opened fire on the troops. The army patrol later seized the building, finding 11 dead gunmen and 73 rifles inside. Two suspects were arrested.
    (AP, 12/12/11)
2011        Dec 10, In Mexico a magnitude-6.5 earthquake struck western Guerrero state, shaking buildings and causing panic in the nation's capital and the Pacific resort of Acapulco. Officials said at least three people died.
    (AP, 12/11/11)

2011        Dec 11, In Mexico unidentified assailants tossed a bomb into a building in Veracruz where a cockfight was being held. One man was killed and nine others slightly wounded.
    (AP, 12/13/11)

2011        Dec 12, In Mexico 2 students were killed during a clash with state and federal police at a violent protest that blocked a major highway in Guerrero state. Protesting students had hijacked buses and set fire to a gasoline station before federal police fired tear gas at the protesters and then shots rang out. Some 300 students from the Ayotzinapa teachers college staged the protest seeking to persuade the state government "to meet their educational demands.
    (AP, 12/12/11)
2011        Dec 12, Mexican marines captured Raul Lucio Hernandez Lechuga, a founding member of the brutal Zetas drug cartel, in the city of Cordoba, Veracruz state.
    (AP, 12/12/11)

2011        Dec 14, In Mexico 3 bodies were discovered in Guadalajara, two days after two college students in nearby Guerrero state were killed in a clash with police after student protesters hijacked buses, used them to block a highway and fought officers with rocks and sticks. The Jalisco state prosecutors office said it is investigating whether the bodies belong to any of five people who were reported missing after they complained last week that the student group was demanding protection money for allowing them to sell snacks outside a campus.
    (AP, 12/15/11)

2011        Dec 16, In Mexico a marine officer, his two sons, also marines, and his wife disappeared in the western state of Guerrero. Several suspects were arrested on Jan 13 and confessed to kidnapping them at a fake checkpoint and killing them.
    (AP, 1/15/12)

2011        Dec 19, Mexican prosecutors announced they have found another clandestine grave holding 10 bodies in the northern state of Durango, bringing to 14 the number of such burial sites found in the state this year. Soldiers found the 10 bodies last week in a field on the outskirts of the state capital. Prosecutors also said two mutilated bodies were found scattered in the plaza of Pueblo Viejo, Morelos state, while a boy was killed around the same time in what police say may have been a related crime. Mexico's tax service announced that authorities had found 480 drums containing almost 100 metric tons of precursor chemicals used to make methamphetamines at the Pacific coast port of Lazaro Cardenas, Michoacan state.
    (AP, 12/19/11)

2011        Dec 21, In Mexico Veracruz state spokeswoman Gina Dominguez said 800 police officers and 300 administrative employees have been laid off an effort to root out corruption. She said they can still apply for state police jobs but must meet stricter standards. In the meantime the Navy will take over.
    (AP, 12/21/11)

2011        Dec 22, In Mexico a group of gunmen attacked three passenger buses in the Gulf coast state of Veracruz, killing seven passengers in what authorities said appeared to be a violent robbery spree. 3 US citizens were among the dead.
    (AP, 12/22/11)(AP, 12/23/11)

2011        Dec 23, Mexico said that it seized 229 metric tons of precursor chemicals used to make methamphetamine, the third such huge seizure this month at the Pacific port of Lazaro Cardenas, all of which were bound for a port in Guatemala. Special military forces seized computer files and other data when they detained Felipe Cabrera Sarabia, the security chief of the Sinaloa drug cartel. The attorney general's office in Veracruz said it had found 10 bodies in an area along the border with Tamaulipas after receiving a tip.
    (AP, 12/23/11)(AP, 12/26/11)

2011        Dec 24, In western Mexico the body of a US teenager, identified as Alexis Uriel Marron (18), was found in the trunk of a burned-out car along with the bodies of two other youths near the village of Quiringuicharo, Michoacan state.
    (AP, 12/27/11)

2011        Dec 25, Mexican soldiers discovered 13 bodies in an abandoned truck in Tamaulipas state along with a message that they were killed in a war between rival drug cartels in the eastern state of Veracruz.
    (AP, 12/25/11)

2011        Dec 26, Mexican medical officials said five recovering drug addicts died and dozens of others were sickened by soy sausage served for Christmas dinner at a rehabilitation center in Guadalajara. 37 people remained hospitalized.
    (AP, 12/27/11) 

2011        Dec 27, Mexican police in the northern state of Nuevo Leon said that information provided by arrested members of a kidnapping gang has led them to at least seven bodies found buried in shallow graves or dumped in a well. The Attorney General's Office said that former regional police security coordinator Herrera Valles, arrested in 2008 for aiding the Sinaloa drug cartel, has been convicted and sentenced to 10 years in prison. Federal police detained one of the United States' most-wanted drug traffickers, Luis Rodriguez Olivera, aka "Blondie," at Mexico City's international airport.
    (AP, 12/27/11)(AP, 12/28/11)

2011        Jorge G. Castaneda authored “Manana Forever: Mexico and the Mexicans.”
    (SSFC, 5/29/11, p.G1)
2011        John Gibler authored “To Die in Mexico: Dispatches From Inside the Drug Trade.”
    (SSFC, 7/24/11, p.F3)
2011        In northern Mexico the Zetas drug gang attacked the town of Allende, Coahuila state. Forensic evidence in 2014 in clandestine burial grounds estimated 300-500 people were killed.
    (Econ, 6/14/14, p.31)

2012        Jan 4, In Mexico a fight among inmates armed with makeshift knives, clubs and stones left 31 people dead in a prison in the Gulf Coast city of Altamira, Tamaulipas state. 20 inmates were detained for involvement in the riot.
    (AP, 1/4/12)(AP, 1/5/12)
2012        Jan 4, In Mexico suspended first-division soccer goalkeeper Omar "El Gato" Ortiz was arrested for alleged participation in a kidnapping ring. Prosecutors later said he was arrested at his home in a Monterrey suburb after two kidnapping suspects were detained on Jan 2 and implicated him in the crimes.
    (AP, 1/7/12)
2012        Jan 4, In San Diego, Ca., Benjamin Arellano Felix (58), Mexican drug kingpin, pleaded guilty to racketeering and conspiracy to launder money in exchange for a sentence of no more than 25 years. On April 2 he was sentenced to 25 years in prison.
    (SFC, 1/5/12, p.A6)(SFC, 4/3/12, p.A10)

2012        Jan 5, Mexican police captured Baltazar Saucedo Estrada (38), an alleged member of the Zetas drug cartel. He was considered the mastermind behind the Aug 25 casino fire that killed 52 people in the northern city of Monterrey.
    (AP, 1/6/12)

2012        Jan 7, Mexico’s President Felipe Calderon led the lighting of a soaring independence monument, "The Pillar of Light," that was supposed to be ready for the 2010 bicentennial, but came in nearly 1½ years late and way over budget. The quartz-clad light tower has been dubbed "the monument to corruption." Costs nearly tripled from about 400 million pesos to more than 1 billion (equivalent at current rates to about $75 million).
    (AP, 1/7/12)
2012        Jan 7, Northern Mexico police found five severed human heads in the last 24 hours at several points around the city of Torreon accompanied by threatening message referring to drug gangs.
    (AP, 1/7/12)

2012        Jan 9, Mexican police found 13 bodies at a gas station in the town of Zitacuaro, Michoacan state.
    (AP, 1/9/12)

2012        Jan 10, Mexican authorities said they have seized 32.6 metric tons of methylamine, a precursor chemical used to make methamphetamines, at the Pacific coast port of Manzanillo. The shipment came from China.
    (AP, 1/10/12)

2012        Jan 11, In Mexico City 2 decapitated bodies were found inside a burning SUV at the entrance to Centro Santa Fe mall, one of Mexico's most luxurious malls. The victims, a 19-year-old secretary in a state-owned educational radio station and her 28-year-old boyfriend who sold household appliances, were kidnapped a day earlier. The Attorney General's Office said nationwide, 47,515 drug-related killings occurred from Dec 2006, when President Felipe Calderon deployed thousands of troops to drug hot spots, through Sep 2011.
    (AP, 1/11/12)(AP, 1/16/12)
2012        Jan 11, Mexican forces captured Luis Jesus Sarabia, an alleged leader of the Zetas drug gang in three northern Mexican states. Sarabia was suspected in the killing of US immigration agent Jaime Zapata last year.
    (AP, 1/13/12)

2012        Jan 13, It was reported that mounds of debris were piling up at illegal dumping sites around Mexico City in recent weeks as the metropolis grappled with an avalanche of refuse after closing one of the world's largest landfills.
    (AP, 1/13/12)

2012        Jan 16, In Mexico 7 gunmen were killed following a pre-dawn shootout with police on a highway in the city of Cuernavaca.
    (AP, 1/16/12)
2012        Jan 16, Mexican investigators detained three more women in the city of Guadalajara in connection with an apparent child-trafficking ring that aimed to supply babies to Irish couples. Authorities last week detained four women and seized nine children, all of them between two months and two years of age. At least 11 Irish couples are involved in the case. On Jan 18 a Mexican official said four of 10 children seized showed signs of sexual abuse.
    (AP, 1/16/12)(AP, 1/18/12)

2012        Jan 18, Mexican police in Culiacan captured Eduardo Avila Ojeda (34), one of the main smugglers of illegal weapons for the Sinaloa drug cartel.
    (AP, 1/19/12)

2012        Jan 20, In Mexico members of an army special forces unit fatally shot a high-ranking aide to the country's most-wanted drug dealer in a gunfight in the northern state of Durango. Luis Alberto Cabrera Sarabia, know as "The Architect," was responsible for the operations of Guzman's Sinaloa Cartel in Durango and part of the neighboring state of Chihuahua. One gunmen was slain and 11 others were captured.
    (AP, 1/23/12)
2012        Jan 20, Police in northern Mexico captured Enrique Elizondo Flores (35), an alleged member of the Zetas drug gang. He confessed to killing at least 75 people, including many who were pulled off buses.
    (AP, 1/30/12)
2012        Jan 20, In Mexico police officers in Jalisco state barged into a Lagos de Moreno hotel and kidnapped 3 men. Hours after the three were seized, they were found asphyxiated and beaten to death. The action was captured on video and the faces of several officers were clearly visible. On June 6 five police officers were detained, when soldiers and state police raided their police station.
    (AP, 6/14/12)

2012        Jan 22, In Mexico’s Guerrero state Atoyac de Alvarez municipal police officers found seven dead and two injured at the scene of a funeral vigil. One of the injured later died. Acapulco police said that three bodies were found dumped in a vacant lot in the resort city, while a fourth was found decapitated in a car and another man died in a shootout with police.
    (AP, 1/22/12)

2012        Jan 23, In Mexico two rear admirals took over as directors of traffic police in the neighboring cities of Veracruz and Boca del Rio, as part of an effort to root out corruption. Five police officers were fatally shot after they stopped a vehicle in a town outside Mexico City. A member of La Familia Michoacana drug cartel, who police say was responsible for collecting extortion money from bars in the area, was killed in the attack. On Jan 25 Mexico State prosecutor Alfredo Castillo said the officers from the town of Ixtapaluca had asked the four La Familia Michoacana cartel members in the vehicle for 6,000 pesos (about $460) to let them go.
    (AP, 1/23/12)(AP, 1/24/12)(AP, 1/25/12)

2012        Jan 25, Japan’s Nissan said it will invest $2 billion in a new auto plant in Aguascalientes, Mexico.
    (SFC, 1/26/12, p.A5)

2012        Jan 26, The Mexican army announced the arrest of Oscar Santoyo Rodriguez, alias "El Mosco, a suspect in the Feb 15, 2008, bombing attempt aimed at a municipal police official in Mexico City. He was captured in the southern state of Oaxaca last week. 9 people, including 8 men and a woman, were shot to death in the center of Monterrey.
    (AP, 1/26/12)
2012        Jan 26, In Mexico Miguel Nazar Haro (87), former head of the now-dissolved Federal Security Directorate (1978-1992), Mexico’s domestic spy agency, died. He was accused of being behind the disappearances of alleged leftist guerrillas in the 1970s.
    (AP, 1/27/12)
2012        Jan 29, In Venezuela 4 armed men seized Mexico’s Ambassador Carlos Pujalte and his wife as they were leaving a party shortly before midnight in Caracas. The kidnappers freed the couple four hours later. On Feb 6 the prosecutor-general's office announced the arrests of 3 suspects in the case: Juan Pacheco, Oswaldo Leon and Mayurki Barreto.
    (AP, 2/6/12)

2012        Jan 30, In Mexico several officers were ambushed at a Ciudad Juarez gas station. Three assailants were killed and three other policemen were wounded.
    (AP, 2/2/12)
2012        Jan 30, Global Financial Integrity, a Washington-based advocacy organization, issued a report saying Mexico lost $872 billion between 1970 and 2010 because of money laundering, tax evasion and other forms of corruption.
    (SFC, 1/31/12, p.A2)

2012        Jan 31, In Mexico political rivals slammed each other over $1.9 million in wads of cash found stuffed into a state official's luggage on a Jan 27 private flight to Toluca, the capital of the home state of leading presidential candidate Enrique Pena Nieto. The money came from Veracruz, a Gulf coast state governed by Pena Nieto's Institutional Revolutionary Party, known as the PRI.
    (AP, 1/31/12)
2012        Jan 31, Mexico’s Interior Secretary Alejandro Poire confirmed that an army general and 29 soldiers under his command in a town on the border with Texas are being tried on charges of torture, homicide, drug trafficking and other crimes. Details about Gen. Manuel Moreno Avina and his subordinates' alleged reign of terror in the town of Ojinaga, across from Presidio, Texas, were first reported by the newspaper Reforma, which had access to some of the soldiers' testimony.
    (AP, 1/31/12)
2012        Jan 31, In Mexico every one of the 2,500 police officers in Ciudad Juarez were ordered to leave home and stay in a hotel after the killing of five officers by a local drug cartel. The gang threatened a week ago to kill one policeman a day unless Police Chief Julian Leyzaola resigns.
    (AP, 2/2/12)
2012        Jan 31, In northern Mexico the bodies of missionaries John Casias (76) and wife Wanda (67), a Texas couple, were discovered strangled in their home in Santiago.
    (AP, 2/2/12)

2012        Feb 1, Mexican soldiers found dozens of large plastic containers with over 3,600 liters of opium paste during a raid on a drug lab in Coyuca de Catalan, a mountain town in the Pacific coast state of Guerrero.
    (AP, 3/14/12)

2012        Feb 4, In Mexico a masked man opened fire on a band playing popular norteno music in a Chihuahua city dance hall, killing five musicians, four customers and injuring 10 others. Federal police announced the capture in Leon of Jose Antonio Torres Marrufo (33), leader of an armed gang hired by the world's most powerful drug lord Joaquin Guzman, also known as El Chapo. Torres is the suspected leader of Gente Nueva, an armed wing of the Sinaloa Cartel mainly based in the border city of Ciudad Juarez.
    (AP, 2/5/12)(SFC, 2/8/12, p.A2)

2012        Feb 5, In Mexico Josefina Vazquez Mota (51) easily won the National Action Party's primary. She  vowed to unite the party and help it defeat the Institutional Revolutionary Party, which ruled Mexico for 71 years before being ousted by National Action in 2000.
    (AP, 2/6/12)

2012        Feb 7, Mexican navy personal detained suspect Francisco Alvarado Martagon as he attempted to drive past a military checkpoint near the city of Acayucan in a vehicle without license plates. He confessed to being a head lookout for the Zetas and mentioned two sites at local ranches that the Zetas allegedly used to dispose of bodies. The navy inspected the sites and over the next 24 hours found the buried, badly decomposed remains of 15 people.
    (AP, 2/8/12)(AP, 2/8/12)
2012        Feb 7, The Mexican army found 73 Central American migrants in three houses near the US border and troops arrested 4 men suspected of planning to smuggle the people into Texas.
    (AP, 2/9/12)

2012        Feb 8, The Mexican army said troops have made an historic seizure of 15 tons of pure methamphetamine in the western state of Jalisco. The find outside Guadalajara is more than four times the size of a major seizure last summer of 3.4 tons (3.1 metric tons) and more than twice the total amount of meth seized in Mexico in 2009, according to a UN report.
    (AP, 2/9/12)
2012        Feb 8, In Texas Antonio Pena-Arguelles, an alleged cartel money-launderer, was arrested in San Antonio. A 13-page DEA affidavit accused him of using US bank accounts to funnel millions to Tomas Yarrington, who served as governor of Tamaulipas state in 1999-2004, from leaders of the Gulf and the Zetas. In 2004-2005 alone, it says, Pena-Arguelles and his brother received $4.5 million from the No. 2 leader of the Zetas, Miguel-Angel Trevino Morales.
    (AP, 2/10/12)

2012        Feb 9, In Mexico Bruce Beresford-Redman, former “Survivor” reality television producer, arrived in Quintana Roo escorted by nearly a dozen agents after being extradited from the United States so he can face trial in his wife's killing. His wife’s body was found in a sewer cistern at a swank Cancun resort following an April 2010 family vacation.
    (AP, 2/9/12)

2012        Feb 10, In central Mexico a mob in the village of San Mateo Hitzilzingo beat three suspected kidnappers to death. Two of the men on fire during the attack. Some 300 angry people took the three men out of the town's police station and began beating them after a woman screamed that they were kidnappers.
    (AP, 2/11/12)

2012        Feb 14, Mexican officials said they have arrested Jaime Herrera Herrera (43) in Sinaloa state, a man who manufactured methamphetamine for the Sinaloa drug cartel run by Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman.
    (AP, 2/14/12)

2012        Feb 15, Mexican federal prosecutors said they have detained four people in Tlaxcala state, who for almost a decade lured unsuspecting young Mexican women to the United States to force them into prostitution. Police found the mutilated bodies of six men inside plastic bags dumped on a road leading to the tourist city of Cuernavaca, Morelos state.
    (AP, 2/15/12)(AP, 2/16/12)

2012        Feb 19, In Mexico a riot broke out at about 2 a.m. at a prison in Apodaca outside of the northern industrial city of Monterrey. 44 people were left dead and some prisoners were missing indicating the riot might have been staged to cover a breakout. Officials the next day said 9 guards have confessed to helping Zetas drug gangsters escape from prison before other Zetas slaughtered rival inmates,
    (AP, 2/19/12)(AP, 2/20/12)(SFC, 2/20/12, p.A3)

2012        Feb 20, The US and Mexico agreed to work together when drilling for oil and gas below their maritime border in the Gulf of Mexico.
    (SFC, 2/21/12, p.D3)

2012        Feb 22, In Mexico 3 inmates were killed at the Topo Chico prison, a few miles away at from the Apodaca prison, where 44 prisoners, who belonged to the Gulf drug cartel, were bludgeoned and stabbed to death on Feb 19 by inmates from the rival Zetas cartel. Gunmen opened fire on a group of taxi drivers waiting at a taxi stand outside a shopping center in Monterrey, killing five.
    (AP, 2/23/12)

2012        Feb 27, A Mexican judge ordered authorities to investigate the killings of women in the suburbs of Mexico City, reviving a sensitive issue related to a former governor who is a leading candidate in the presidential race. The ruling was not revealed until March 6.
    (AP, 3/6/12)

2012        Mar 6, Mexican authorities found 16 bodies in three clandestine graves on the outskirts of Monterrey. Authorities went to the ranch after drug gang suspects revealed the burial sites during questioning. In the border city of Piedras Negras a fierce hour-long battle took place between gunmen and police. One female officer was killed and six people were wounded.
    (AP, 3/7/12)

2012        Mar 8, In Mexico the bodies of 4 youths, ranging in age from 14 to 21, were found in plastic bags on a Cuernavaca street along with a threatening note from a drug gang. Photos from the scene showed a handless arm lying near the handwritten note.
    (AP, 3/9/12)
2012        Mar 8, It was reported that the ecosystem of Xochimilco, the floating gardens of Mexico city, is crashing. The UN World Heritage Site’s last water source was now only wastewater from treatment plants.
    (SFC, 3/9/12, p.A2)

2012        Mar 9, In Mexico drug criminals set 25 Guadalajara city buses and other vehicles on fire in 16 different places, spreading fear throughout Mexico's second-largest city.
    (AP, 3/9/12)
2012        Mar 9, Mexican authorities found the remains of 167 people in a southern Mexican cave on the Nuevo Ojo de Agua ranch in an area frequently used by Central American migrants traveling north. Forensic experts believe the remains are at least 50 years old.
    (AP, 3/10/12)

2012        Mar 18, In Mexico gunmen ambushed and killed 12 police officers on a road leading out of the town of Teloloapan. Another 11 officers were wounded. They had been sent to search for the bodies of 10 people whose severed heads were found in southern Guerrero state.
    (AP, 3/19/12)

2012        Mar 20, In Mexico a 7.4 magnitude earthquake was centered near the border between the southern states of Oaxaca and Guerrero. It damaged hundreds of homes and sent thousands of people fleeing from swaying office buildings, yet even after 10 aftershocks there were no reported deaths. 2 people injured in Guerrero state died on March 22.
    (AP, 3/21/12)(AP, 3/22/12)

2012        Mar 22, The hacker group Anonymous in Mexico crashed at least two of the websites for Pope Benedict XVI's upcoming visit, claiming the papal visit is a political move to support the conservative National Action party.
    (AP, 3/22/12)

2012        Mar 23, Pope Benedict XVI arrived in Mexico as part of a pilgrimage that will also take him to Cuba. He denounced the drug-fueled violence wracking Mexico and urged Cubans to use dialogue to find new models to replace Marxism. The faithful lined more than 20 miles (32 km) of the pope's route from the airport into Leon shouting the ultimate welcome: "Benedict, brother, you are now Mexican!"
    (AP, 3/23/12)

2012        Mar 30, Prosecutors in northern Mexico said 8 people have been arrested for allegedly killing two 10-year-old boys and a 55-year-old woman in ritual sacrifices by the cult of La Santa Muerte, or Saint Death. The first of the three victims was apparently killed in 2009, the second in 2010 and the latest earlier this month in Sonora state.
    (AP, 3/30/12)

2012        Apr 1, Miguel de la Madrid (b.1934), former president of Mexico (1982-1988), died. He led the country during an economic crisis and a devastating earthquake (1985). He was the first in a string of presidents who pulled Mexico away from a state-dominated economy and toward free trade.
    (AP, 4/1/12)

2012        Apr 2, Sculptor and printmaker Elizabeth Catlett (b.1915), a US expatriate renowned for her dignified portrayals of African-American and Mexican women, died in Cuernavaca, Mexico. She was barred from her home country for political activism during the McCarthy era. In 1962 the US State Department banned her from returning to the United States for nearly a decade because of her political affiliations.
    (AP, 4/3/12)

2012        Apr 6, Guatemalan authorities said they have begun to see new and disturbing evidence of an alliance between the Mara Salvatrucha street gangs and Zetas, the Mexican paramilitary drug cartel.
    (AP, 4/7/12)

2012        Apr 10, In Mexico gunmen killed 8 taxi drivers in two attacks in Guadalupe, a suburb of Monterrey.
    (SFC, 4/11/12, p.A2)

2012        Apr 18, Mexican authorities seized 268,000 rounds of assault rifle ammunition in a US truck at a border crossing in Ciudad Juarez. Dallas truck driver Jabin Bogan was transporting a load of ammunition to a Phoenix gun shop when he said he made a wrong turn, causing him to cross the border into Mexico. Jabin was released on Nov 23 after his mother paid a fine.
    (SFC, 4/20/12, p.A2)(ABC News, 11/25/12)

2012        Apr 20, In Mexico masked gunmen burst into a bar in Chihuahua and opened fire killing 14 people.
    (SSFC, 4/22/12, p.A2)
2012        Apr 20, In Mexico a truck trailer came loose and hit a passenger bus killing at least 43 people in Veracruz state.
    (SFC, 4/21/12, p.A2)
2012        Apr 20, Mexico’s Popocatepetl volcano shot a heavy plume of ash into the sky southeast of Mexico City and spewed glowing rock from its crater at dawn.
    (AP, 4/20/12)

2012        Apr 21, The New York Times reported that Wal-Mart (Walmart) failed to notify law enforcement officials even after its own investigators found evidence of millions of dollars in bribes by top executives of its Mexican subsidiary carried out to build stores across that country. The payments were said to be made in 2005.
    (AP, 4/21/12)(Econ, 4/28/12, p.71)

2012        Apr 24, In Texas a US federal indictment was unsealed against Mexican drug boss Joaquin Guzman Loera, known as El Chapo. The indictment also named Sinaloa cartel co-leader Zambada Garcia and 22 others.
    (SFC, 4/25/12, p.A8)

2012        Apr 25, In Mexico a fire at the Bosque de la Primavera (Forest of Springtime), on the edge of Guadalajara, consumed some 18,500 acres, about one-quarter of the preserve. Officials said the fire was started last weekend by squatters seeking to take over land and was worsened by armed gangs trying to scare off firefighters.
    (SFC, 4/26/12, p.A2)

2012        Apr 26, Independent Mexican truckers launched nationwide protests calling for clearer, fairer rules on vehicle weights and dimensions and for an end to discretionary permits that they say let double-trailer vehicles carrying as much as 100 metric tons of freight operate on narrow, two-lane roads.
    (AP, 4/26/12)

2012        Apr 27, The Mexican government said it will tighten inspections and lower maximum allowed weights for freight trucks after protests over a string of deadly accidents involving double-trailer trucks.
    (AP, 4/27/12)

2012        Apr 28, Mexican authorities in Xalapa, the capital of Veracruz state, found Regina Martinez, a correspondent for the national magazine Proceso, dead in her bathroom with signs she had been beaten and strangled.
    (AP, 5/4/12)

2012        May 3, In Mexico 3 photojournalists who worked the perilous crime beat in the port city of Veracruz were found dismembered and dumped in plastic bags in a canal.
    (AP, 5/3/12)

2012        May 8, The US Treasury announced sanctions against Ivan Archivaldo Guzman Salazar and Ovidio Guzman Lopez, 2 sons of Sinaloa cartel drug lord Joaquin Guzman.
    (SFC, 5/9/12, p.A2)

2012        May 9, Mexican police found 18 dismembered bodies inside 2 vans near the Lake Chapala enclave of Ajijic, just south of Guadalajara.
    (SFC, 5/10/12, p.A2)Reuters, 6/17/12)

2012        May 11, In Mexico the offices of El Manana newspaper in Nuevo Laredo were sprayed with bullets. Two days later the paper announced that it would no longer cover the drug war.
    (Econ, 5/19/12, p.45)

2012        May 13, In Mexico 49 bodies, with heads and hands hacked off, were found dumped at the entrance to the town of San Juan on a highway leading from the metropolis of Monterrey to the border city of Reynosa. On May 20 police arrested Daniel Elizondo Jesus Ramirez, a Zetas drug cartel leader nicknamed "El Loco." He confessed to dumping the corpses and said he'd done so on the orders of Zeta leaders.
    (AP, 5/13/12)(AP, 5/21/12)

2012        May 18, US Border Patrol agents stopped a fake UPS van as the driver tried to circumvent a highway checkpoint near Niland, about 150 miles east of San Diego in California's Imperial Valley, near the Mexican border. 13 suspected illegal immigrants from Mexico were stuffed inside.
    (AP, 5/24/12)

2012        May 28, Mexico confirmed that a drug cartel lieutenant has been detained following a series of firebombing attacks on Mexican potato-chip company Sabritas, a subsidiary of U.S. food giant PepsiCo. Five Sabritas warehouses and vehicle lots were attacked May 25-26 in the Michoacan and Guanajuato states.
    (AP, 5/28/12)

2012        May 31, In Mexico a truck belonging to Sabritas, which sells potato and corn chips in Mexico, was torched with gasoline bombs on a rural highway. The attackers fled the scene. Earlier in the day the cult-like Knights Templar drug cartel hung banners in a Michoacan city claiming credit for firebombing five Sabritas distribution centers last week. The banners accused Sabritas of letting law enforcement agents use its trucks for transportation and surveillance.
    (AFP, 6/1/12)

2012        May, In Mexico Gabriel Granados (52), a father of two whose arms were amputated just below the elbow, received the arms of a 34-year-old shooting victim. He became the first patient in Latin America to receive a double arm transplant.
    (AP, 6/7/12)

2012        Jun 3, In northern Mexico gunmen opened fire inside a drug rehab center killing 11 men in Torreon.
    (SFC, 6/4/12, p.A2)

2012        Jun 6, Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru formally established their Pacific Alliance (Alianza de Pacifico). The goal was free trade and economic integration with a clear orientation toward Asia.
    (Econ, 5/4/13, p.73)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pacific_Alliance)

2012        Jun 7, A panel of Mexican judges agreed to extradite Sandra Avila Beltran, a suspected drug trafficker known as the “Queen of the Pacific,” to face charges in the US.
    (SFC, 6/8/12, p.A2)
2012        Jun 7, In Mexico 14 dismembered bodies were discovered inside a truck in Mante, located in the south of Tamaulipas state, which borders Texas.
    (Reuters, 6/23/12)

2012        Jun 12, Texas authorities said they arrested seven members of one of Mexico's largest drug cartels and accused them of laundering money in the United States by buying, breeding and racing American racehorses. On July 3 Jose Trevino Morales, the brother of two alleged cartel leaders, was among 15 people charged in what federal prosecutors said was a money-laundering scheme centered on an Oklahoma horse ranch.
    (Reuters, 6/12/12)(AFP, 7/4/12)

2012        Jun 13, Carlos Slim, Mexican telecommunications billionaire, acquired an 8.4% stake in Argentina's newly state-controlled oil and gas producer, YPF S.A. A filing with the US Securities and Exchange Commission said Slim and members of his family acquired 32.9 million shares of YPF Class D shares on June 12 and 13.
    (AP, 6/15/12)

2012        Jun 14, Mexican presidential front-runner Enrique Pena Nieto said Colombian Gen. Oscar Naranjo (55) has agreed to serve as his adviser on fighting drug trafficking if Pena Nieto wins the July 1 election. Authorities said the Zeta drug cartel kidnapped and killed journalist Victor Manuel Baez Chino. He had covered crime in Xalapa, Veracruz state.
    (AP, 6/14/12)(SFC, 6/15/12, p.A2)

2012        Jun 16, Hurricane Carlota made landfall near the Mexican beach town of Puerto Escondido, Oaxaca state. Two sisters, aged 13 and 7, died in the Oaxaca state community of Pluma Hidalgo when a mudslide collapsed their home. A day later Carlotta was downgraded to a tropical depression.
    (AP, 6/17/12)

2012        Jun 18, European leaders at the G20 summit in Mexico struggled to reassure the world that they were on the path to solving their continent's relentless economic crisis. Bosses of more than 300 large companies gathered at the same resort for the 4th summit of the B20. Their goal was to persuade governments to be more business friendly.
    (AP, 6/18/12)(Econ, 6/9/12, p.72)

2012        Jun 19, The world powers known as "P5+1," permanent UN Security Council members Britain, China, France, Russia and the United States, plus Germany, failed to win any concession from Iran that would give the talks a new impulse. Negotiators in Moscow managed to prevent the diplomatic process from complete collapse by agreeing a new meeting at expert-level in Istanbul on July 3.
    (AFP, 6/20/12)

2012        Jun 21, Mexican marines said they have detained Jesus Alfredo Guzman Salazar (26) during a raid in Zapopan, an upscale suburb of Guadalajara. They believed he is one of the sons of Mexico's most-wanted drug kingpin, Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman, leader of the powerful Sinaloa cartel. The Attorney General's Office said the next day that El Gordo, the presumed son of Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman, was really Felix Beltran Leon (23), the father of a toddler who works with his mother-in-law at a used car dealership.
    (AP, 6/21/12)(AP, 6/22/12)(Econ, 7/28/12, p.61)

2012        Jun 23, In Mexico local media reported that 14 mutilated corpses and a threatening message aimed at a drug cartel were found inside a truck in the parking lot of a supermarket in Mante, Tamaulipas state.
    (Reuters, 6/23/12)

2012        Jun 25, In Mexico 2 federal police officers, suspected of working for drug traffickers, opened fire on fellow officers in a crowded food court at Mexico City's international airport killing three policemen. The suspects were captured in airport surveillance video and have been fully identified but remained at large.
    (AP, 6/25/12)

2012        Jun 27, A grainy three-minute video appeared on Mundonarco.com depicting five shirtless men on their knees, their chests painted with large black “Z”s, surrounded by masked members of Mexico’s Gulf cartel wielding machetes. The footage showed members of the Gulf cartel interrogating and then beheading at least three members of the Zetas cartel.
    (ABCNews, 6/28/12)

2012        Jul 1, In Mexico Enrique Pena Nieto, the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) candidate, won 38.21% support in national elections. Top challenger, leftist candidate Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador (31.59%), refused to concede, saying he would await a full count and legal review. Josefina Vazquez Mota of the ruling National Action Party, Mexico's first woman candidate for a major party, conceded with 25.41%. Final results were completed on July 6. The PRI and its allies fell just short of a majority in both houses of Congress.
    (AP, 7/2/12)(AP, 7/6/12)(AP, 7/10/12)

2012        Jul 3, In Mexico a powerful car bomb exploded outside the home of the top police official of the border state of Tamaulipas, killing 2 policemen and injuring 4 officers and 3 civilians.
    (AP, 7/3/12)

2012        Jul 7, In Mexico tens of thousands of people marched in Mexico City to protest Enrique Pena Nieto's apparent win in the country's presidential election, accusing his long ruling party of buying votes.
    (AP, 7/7/12)
2012        Jul 7, The US Border patrol said agents had opened fire along the Rio Grande border after being pelted by rocks. A Mexican citizen was fatally shot at the Los Tomates-Veterans int’l. bridge in Brownsville, Texas.
    (SFC, 7/10/12, p.A4)

2012        Jul 10, Mexico’s El Manana newspaper in the northern border city of Nuevo Laredo announced that it will stop covering violent criminal disputes after suffering a second grenade attack against its offices in two months. Gunmen threw grenades and opened fire on two buildings belonging to the El Norte newspaper in the northern state of Nuevo Leon. No injuries were reported.
    (AP, 7/12/12)

2012        Jul 12, The Mexican army found an incomplete tunnel in a Tijuana warehouse with more than 40 tons of marijuana at the entry. The passage extended nearly 400 yards, including more than 100 yards into the United States. It was the second, major incomplete tunnel discovered in the San Diego-Tijuana area in two days and the third along the US-Mexico border since July 9, when a completed passage was found in a vacant strip mall storefront in the southwestern Arizona city of San Luis.
    (AP, 7/13/12)

2012        Jul 13, Mexican police arrested Vincent Legrend Walters, one of the US Marshals Service's most-wanted fugitives, in the resort city of Cancun, after 24 years on the run. He was wanted in San Diego, California, on murder charges in the 1988 killing of a woman kidnapped as part of a drug deal. He also faces weapons and drug charges and is on the service's list of 15 most wanted fugitives.
    (AFP, 7/15/12)
2012        Jul 13, An incomplete tunnel along Arizona's border with Mexico was found during an inspection of a drainage system on the Mexican side of Nogales in early stages of construction. This was the 4th tunnel found this week.
    (AP, 7/14/12)

2012        Jul 20, In western Mexico a bus traveling to a beach went off a cliff killing at least 24 people in Tequepexpan.
    (SSFC, 7/22/12, p.A2)

2012        Jul 25, Mexican regulators said they have fined HSBC $28 million for failing to prevent money laundering through accounts at the bank. Mexico's National Securities and Banking Commission said the Mexico subsidiary of the London-based bank has paid the fines. Officials said HSBC in 2007 and 2008 sent about $7 billion in cash from Mexico to the US.
    (AP, 7/25/12)

2012        Jul 26, Mexico’s human rights commission reported that there have been 126 attacks on journalists since year 2000 and that 82 have been killed and 16 gone missing.
    (SFC, 7/27/12, p.A2)

2012        Jul 31, Mexican prosecutors formally lodged drug charges against four high-ranking army officers.
    (SFC, 8/1/12, p.A2)

2012        Aug 5, Chavela Vargas (b.1919), Costa Rica-born Mexican singer, died in Cuernavaca. She defied gender stereotypes to become one of the most legendary singers in Mexico.
    (AP, 8/5/12)

2012        Aug 7, Hundreds of tourists evacuated beach resorts along Mexico's Caribbean coast as Hurricane Ernesto headed toward landfall near Mexico's border with Belize. It weakened to a tropical storm while moving over land the next day.
    (AP, 8/8/12)

2012        Aug 9, Mexico's Supreme Court moved to turn military human rights violations over to civilian courts, a blow to a military justice system accused of covering up cases of soldiers abusing, torturing and executing citizens during a six-year government offensive against drug cartels.
    (AP, 8/10/12)
2012        Aug 9, In northern Mexico police found the bodies of 14 men stuffed into a sport utility vehicle near a gas station in San Luis Potosi city and hours later a shootout between soldiers and gunmen killed three people in the same city. Gunmen hung two men from a bridge in Monterrey and shot them to death while horrified motorists watched. Attackers armed with assault rifles killed seven men drinking at a sports field in Sinaloa state.
    (AP, 8/9/12)
2012        Aug 9, Tropical Storm Ernesto made land fall near Mexico’s port city of Coatzacoalcos, killing 7 people as it moved inland in the southern Gulf region.
    (SFC, 8/10/12, p.A4)(SFC, 8/11/12, p.A2)

2012        Aug 10, Mexican police found eight decomposing bodies inside a car abandoned by a waterpark in Fresnillo, Zacatecas state. 5 gunmen were killed during a clash with federal police in the western state of Michoacan.
    (AP, 8/10/12)

2012        Aug 11, Jubilant Mexicans celebrated their 2-1 Olympic gold medal soccer win over powerhouse Brazil, marking Mexico's first ever Olympic soccer gold medal.
    (AP, 8/11/12)

2012        Aug 12, In Mexico gunmen shot dead Matehuala, San Luis Potosi state, Mayor-elect Edgar Morales Perez and aide Francisco Hernandez Colunga as they returned from a birthday party.
    (SFC, 8/13/12, p.A2)

2012        Aug 17, In Mexico 12 people died when a bus heading to a resort in Mazatlan crashed into a ravine in Durango state.
    (SFC, 8/18/12, p.A2)(http://tinyurl.com/9xy5n5u)

2012        Aug 21, Mexico's Supreme Court declared unconstitutional a key portion of a military law that has broadened the influence of military courts and angered civilian victims seeking justice.
    (AP, 8/22/12)

2012        Aug 22, In Mexico adherents of a religious sect in western Mexico were physically blocking school teachers from entering their walled community, setting up one of the most high-profile confrontations between religious and civil authorities in Mexico since the 1930s. The New Jerusalem community prohibits formal schooling, television, radio, modern music, dress and fashion. The church does not recognize the sect, which was founded in 1973 by a renegade Catholic priest who objected to the abandonment of Latin masses and other modernization moves.
    (AP, 8/22/12)

2012        Aug 23, In Mexico a falling out between the leaders of the hyper-violent Zetas cartel appears to have put the gang in the hands of Miguel Angel Trevino Morales. The brutal and feared gangster has been blamed for an eruption of bloodshed in the once relatively calm central states.
    (AP, 8/23/12)

2012        Aug 24, Mexican federal police shot at a vehicle carrying two US government employees near Cuernavaca after the vehicle came under attack from unidentified gunmen. 2 US government employees were wounded after their vehicle drove into a rural, mountainous area outside the capital where the officers were looking for criminals. Officials from both countries called the incident and accident. 12 Mexican officers were soon jailed for 40 days pending an investigation.
    (AP, 8/24/12)(SFC, 8/27/12, p.A2)(SFC, 8/29/12, p.A2)

2012        Aug 29, Mexico's Attorney General Marisela Morales says she has requested help from Interpol in arresting Tomas Yarrington, the former governor of Tamaulipas, for allegedly fomenting drug trafficking.
    (AP, 8/29/12)

2012        Aug 30, Mexico's old ruling PRI party cleared the last hurdle in regaining the presidency it held for 71 years, after the country's highest electoral court dismissed legal challenges brought by a leftist opponent trying to overturn the July 1 election.
    (AP, 8/31/12)

2012        Aug 31, Mexico’s highest electoral court declared Enrique Pena president. Leftist presidential candidate Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador said that he is refusing to recognize the results of the presidential election.
    (AP, 8/31/12)(SFC, 9/1/12, p.A2)
2012        Aug 31, Mexico extradited Eduardo Arellano Felix (55), the top advisor to his brother’s Tijuana-based drug cartel, to the US.
    (SFC, 9/1/12, p.A9)

2012        Sep 4, Mexico’s Navy detained Mario Cardenas Guillen, a top leader of the Gulf drug cartel, in the northern city of Altamira.
    (AP, 9/4/12)

2012        Sep 6, In Mexico Jesus Leonel Sanchez-Meza (aka Lionel Portillo-Meza) was arrested for being among 5 men charged with killing US Border Patrol agent Brian Terry in 2010 in Arizona. In 2014 Sanchez-Meza was returned to the US to face murder charges.
    (SFC, 6/19/14, p.A8)

2012        Sep 10, Mexican police in southern Guerrero state said they have found 16 bodies left in a truck in Coyuca de Catalan. Guerrero Gov. Angel Aguirre said authorities suspected they were killed in Michoacan and dumped in his state.
    (AP, 9/10/12)

2012        Sep 12, In Mexico  Jorge Eduardo Costilla Sanchez (41), a man believed to be the leader of the Gulf drug cartel, was arrested by Mexican marines in the Gulf port of Tampico. He and 10 bodyguards were presented to the public the next morning. US authorities have offered $5 million for information leading to his arrest.
    (AP, 9/13/12)

2012        Sep 13, Mexican prosecutors said they were investigating a 16-year-old suspected hitman who was believed to have participated in at least 50 murders while working for a drug gang. The teenager, identified as Francisco Miguel N., was part of a gang known as Los Mazatlecos, a criminal group attached to the Beltran Leyva drugs cartel.
    (Reuters, 9/13/12)

2012        Sep 14, In Mexico Eduardo Castro Luque (48), elected to Sonora’s state Legislature representing the PRI, was shot to death outside his home in Hermosillo two days before taking office. Two assassins fled on a motorcycle.
    (SSFC, 9/16/12, p.A4)

2012        Sep 17, In northern Mexico 132 prisoners escaped from a state prison in Piedras Negras. On Sep 19 a judge ruled that the director of the prison and 2 employees and 13 other prison employees be held for 40 days under a form of house arrest pending possible charges.
    (SFC, 9/18/12, p.A2)(SFC, 9/20/12, p.A2)

2012        Sep 18, In Mexico a government helicopter carrying a crew making a tourism video crashed into at Lake Zirahuen in Michoacan state. The video director drowned, while three crew members and a state employee escaped.
    {Mexico, Air Crash}
    (AP, 9/18/12)
2012        Sep 18, In Mexico 29 people were killed in a fire at a gas pipeline distribution center near Reynosa across from McAllen, Texas.
    {Mexico, Tragedy}
    (AP, 9/19/12)

2012        Sep 26, Mexican troops clashed with an armed group near a church in the southern town of Tepecoacuilco de Trujano, leaving 11 people dead, including a soldier and one woman.
    (AP, 9/26/12)
2012        Sep 26, Mexicans took to the streets to protest a new law aimed at modernizing rules in the workplace and making the country’s powerful, corrupt unions more accountable.
    (SFC, 9/27/12, p.A2)

2012        Sep 27, Mexican officials said they have struck a major blow against a faction of the hyper-violent Zetas cartel, arresting one of the country's most-wanted drug traffickers, Ivan Velazquez Caballero, known as "El Taliban," and placing him on display in a morning press conference. Also known as "Z-50," Velazquez Caballero had a 30 million peso ($2.3 million) reward on his head.
    (AP, 9/27/12)

2012        Oct 2, Azerbaijan's ambassador defended a multimillion-dollar renovation of Mexican parks and a monument to late president Geidar Aliyev (d.2003).    Azerbaijan had contributed much of the 65 million pesos ($5 million) it cost to renovate not one, but two Mexico City parks, allowing it to put monuments in both. Critics said that Aliyev, who stifled dissent, shouldn't be on a boulevard decorated with statues to Mexican and foreign heroes. In 2013 Mexico City Mayor Miguel Angel Mancera said the statue of Aliyev will be removed from the capital’s main avenue.
    (AP, 10/2/12)(SFC, 1/23/13, p.A2)

2012        Oct 3, Mexico launched an extensive program to vaccinate fifth-grade girls against human papillomavirus.
    (SFC, 10/4/12, p.A5)
2012        Oct 3, In Mexico Jose Eduardo Moreira (25), a Coahuila state employee and son of former Gov. Humberto Moreira, was found shot to death outside the border town of Ciudad Acuna.
    (SFC, 10/5/12, p.A2)
2012        Oct 3, A US federal indictment linked Jose Sanchez-Villalobos (49), a high-ranking member of the Sinaloa drug cartel, to two of the largest drug tunnels discovered under the San Diego-Tijuana border.
    (SFC, 10/5/12, p.A6)


2012        Oct 5, Mexico's President Felipe Calderon announced that the state-owned oil company has found possible reserves of as much as 125 million barrels of oil at a deep-water well in the Gulf of Mexico. Petroleos Mexicanos  said the area known as the Perdido belt contains prospective reserves that could amount to as much as 13 billion barrels of crude equivalent.
    (AP, 10/5/12)
2012        Oct 5, Mexican archaeologists said they uncovered the largest number of skulls ever found in one offering at Mexico City's Templo Mayor, the most sacred temple of the Aztec empire dating back more than 500 years.
    (AP, 10/5/12)

2012        Oct 6, The Mexican navy nabbed Salvador Alfonso Martinez Escobedo, a suspected Zetas cartel leader. He was captured in Nuevo Laredo and was believed to have masterminded the massacre of 72 migrants in Tamaulipas state in 2010.
    (SFC, 10/9/12, p.A2)

2012        Oct 7, In Mexico Zetas drug cartel leader Heriberto Lazcano was apparently one of two men killed in a firefight with marines in the northern border state of Coahuila. Lazcano, also known as "El Verdugo" (the Executioner) for his brutality, was suspected in hundreds of killings, including the June 2004 slaying of Francisco Ortiz Franco, a top editor of a crusading weekly newspaper in Tijuana that often reported on drug trafficking. The next day a group of armed men raided the funeral home where the bodies were kept, and stole both corpses. Trevino Morales, also known as El 40 or the Monkey, became the uncontested head of the Zetas after Lazcano was killed.
    (AP, 10/9/12)(ABC News, 10/12/12)

2012        Oct 12, Alejandrina Gisselle Guzman Salazar (31), the daughter of one of the world's most sought-after drug lords, was arrested at San Diego's San Ysidro port of entry and charged with fraud and misuse of visas, permits and other documents. Her father is Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman, leader of Mexico's Sinaloa cartel.
    (AP, 10/15/12)

2012        Oct 15, Mexican police raided three teachers colleges in the western state of Michoacan, where dozens of students had been hijacking buses and delivery trucks for a week to protest curriculum changes. The standoff at the teachers colleges began over a week ago, when students seized the campuses to protest plans to require them to take English and computer science courses. The protesters say the colleges are meant to prepare teachers for rural areas where basic skills are more of a priority.
    (AP, 10/16/12)

2012        Nov 4, In Mexico G20 finance ministers and central bank governors began a 2-day meeting amid growing fears over the global impact of Europe's debt crisis and the stalemate over a fiscal plan in the United States.
    (AP, 11/5/12)

2012        Nov 5, In Mexico G20 finance officials called on countries to reject protectionism and currency manipulation despite a raft of economic problems that include the US deficit.
    (AP, 11/6/12)
2012        Nov 8, Mexico’s navy announced that Omar Juarez, an alleged commander of the Zetas paramilitary cartel in Coahuila state, has been taken into custody in Saltillo.
    (SFC, 11/9/12, p.A2)
2012        Nov 8, Texas lawyer Marco Antonio Delgado, a former Carnegie Mellon Univ. trustee, pleaded not guilty to laundering over $600 million for a Mexican drug cartel. Homeland Security Investigations linked him to the Guadalajara-based Milenio cartel, active until 2010.
    (SFC, 11/9/12, p.A19)

2012        Nov 9, Mexican prosecutors charged 14 federal police officers with trying to kill two CIA agents and a Mexican navy captain in an August 24 ambush south of the capital.
    (AP, 11/9/12)

2012        Nov 15, In Mexico the body of Maria Santos Gorrostieta Salazar (36), former mayor of Tiquicheo, Michoacan state, was found beaten and tortured, three days after being abducted.
    (Econ, 12/8/12, p.94)

2012        Nov 20, The US and Mexico agreed to new rules on sharing water from the Colorado River.
    (SFC, 11/21/12, p.A6)

2012        Nov 24, In Mexico Maria Susana Flores Gamez (20), a Sinaloa state beauty queen, died in a gun battle between soldiers and the alleged gang of drug traffickers with whom she was traveling.
    (AP, 11/26/12)

2012        Nov 25, Mexican authorities in Chihuahua state said they have recovered the remains of 19 people in two mass graves. 11 were found 25 mile southeast of Ciudad Juarez and 8 others tossed along a road near Rosales.
    (SFC, 11/26/12, p.A2)

2012        Nov 28, In Mexico Juventina Villa Mojica, an environmental activist, was killed along with her son (10) when some 30 gunment intercepted her police convoy in souther Guerrero state.
    (SFC, 11/30/12, p.A2)

2012        Nov 30, It was reported that Mexico’s attorney general has compiled a list showing that more than 25,000 adults and children have gone missing in Mexico in the past 6 years.
    (SFC, 11/30/12, p.A2)

2012        Dec 1, Enrique Pena Nieto took the oath of office as Mexico's new president vowing to restore peace and security and take on the vested interests that have hindered economic prosperity. Protesters opposed to Nieto's rule clashed with tear gas-wielding police outside Congress just hours before he was to take the oath of office and return the country's old guard (PRI) to power.
    (AP, 12/1/12)

2012        Dec 9, Mexican-American singer Jenni Rivera and 4 others died in a plane crash near Nuevo Leon that left no survivors.
    (SFC, 12/10/12, p.A2)

2012        Dec 14, A magnitude 6.4 earthquake was recorded at 2:36 a.m. in the Pacific Ocean 167 miles west southwest of Rosarito, Mexico. There were no immediate reports of damage or injuries.
    (AP, 12/14/12)

2012        Dec 18, Mexico’s Pres. Enrique Pena Nieto laid out a security strategy that creates a new national force to combat organized crime. Mexico's new attorney general said that as many as 80 small and medium-size drug cartels are operating in the country, a number far higher than the last formal government assessment.
    (SFC, 12/18/12, p.A2)(AP, 12/18/12)
2012        Dec 18, In Mexico a prison break in Gomez Palacio, Durango state, left at least 23 people dead including 14 inmates and 9 guards.
    (SFC, 12/20/12, p.A2)

2012        Dec 20, In Mexico the group Propuesta Civica, or Civic Proposal, released data on missing persons. It said 20,851 people have disappeared over the past six years. Not every case on the list has been proven related to the drug war and the lsit was said to be incomplete.
    (AP, 12/22/12)

2012        Dec 21, Dawn broke over ancient holy sites in southern Mexico to celebrations, ushering in the start of a new era for the Maya people that had been billed as a possible end of the world.
    (Reuters, 12/21/12)
2012        Dec 21, In Mexico US Marine veteran Jon Hammar (27), jailed for months after trying to carry a family heirloom shotgun across the border, was freed.
    (AP, 12/22/12)
2012        Dec 21, Jose Salvador Alvarenga left Mexico in his 23 foot (7m) fiberglass boat for a day's fishing, accompanied by a teen he knew only as Ezekiel, who was between 15 and 18. A storm blew them off course. Ezekial died after a month. Alvarenga ended up surviving 13 months on fish, birds and turtles before washing ashore on the remote Marshall Islands some 5,500 miles (8,800 km) away.
    (AP, 2/3/14)

2012        Dec 24, In Mexico a group of armed men stormed the town of El Platanar de Los Ontiveros in Sinaloa state and shot 9 men to death. The town had become part of a dispute between the sinaloa cartel and remnants of the Zetas.
    (SFC, 12/27/12, p.A2)

2012        Dec 27, Mexican authorities discovered a sophisticated smuggling tunnel, as long as a football field, equipped with electricity and ventilation not far from the Nogales port of entry into Arizona.
    (AP, 12/28/12)

2012        Dec 28, Mexico City lawmakers approved prison terms for animal cruelty, previously considered a civil offense sanctioned with fines and detentions.
    (AP, 12/29/12)

2012        Dec, In Mexico Luis Videgaray, a graduate of MIT, was named finance minister.
    (Econ, 3/22/14, p.39)

2012        In Mexico some 105,682 people were kidnapped this year and more than 4,000 disappeared across the country. Only 1,317 were reported to the police.
    (SSFC, 10/6/13, p.A4)(Econ, 10/19/13, p.39)

2013        Jan 7, Mexican  authorities said wild dogs mauled and killed four people whose bodies were found over the past two weeks in a park on the edge of Mexico City.
    (AP, 1/7/13)

2013        Jan 9, Mexico’s government enacted a new law that require authorities to assist victims of drug-related violence and establish as fund for possible reparations.
    (SFC, 1/10/13, p.A4)

2013        Jan 14, Mexico's best-known anti-violence activist and a prominent intellectual presented a petition, signed by more than 54,000 Mexicans, to the US embassy calling on the United States to take further steps to combat weapons trafficking.
    (AP, 1/15/13)

2013        Jan 23, In Mexico 6 victims were found dismembered in Tuluca. Prosecutors said the dismemberment killings over the past 10 days of 16 people, allegedly lookouts or informants for rival gangs, was the work of a drug cartel.
    (SFC, 1/24/13, p.A2)

2013        Jan 24, Frenchwoman Florence Cassez (38), who spent seven years in prison in Mexico on kidnapping charges, returned to a hero's welcome in Paris. She was ordered freed a day earlier because of flaws in her trial. She was arrested in 2005 and convicted of helping her Mexican then-boyfriend run a kidnapping gang.
    (AP, 1/24/13)0

2013        Jan 25, In Mexico 16 members of Kombo Kolombia and their crew were reported missing early today after playing a private show in a bar late last night in the town, Hidalgo, Nuevo Leon state.
    (AP, 1/28/13)

2013        Jan 26, Mexico City authorities removed a much-disputed statue of Geidar Aliyev, the late leader of Azerbaijan.
    (SSFC, 1/27/13, p.A4)

2013        Jan 27, In northern Mexico at least eight bodies were pulled from a well in Mina, Nuevo Leon state, near the site where 20 people went missing late last week, including members of a Colombian-style band.
    (AP, 1/28/13)

2013        Jan 29, Mexican immigration authorities said they have broken up a bizarre cult that allegedly ran a sex-slavery ring among its followers on the US border. The "Defensores de Cristo" or "Defenders of Christ" allegedly recruited women to have sex with a Spanish man who claimed he was the reincarnation of Christ.
    (AP, 1/30/13)

2013        Jan 31, In Mexico City an office building blast killed 37 people and injured 121 at the headquarters of Petroleos Mexicanos, the state-owned oil company. On Feb 4 authorities said the basement explosion in an administrative building next to the 51-story Pemex tower was caused by a gas buildup ignited by an electrical spark or other heat source.
    (AP, 2/1/13)(AP, 2/4/13)
2013        Jan 31, In southern Mexico vigilantes who have taken up arms against drug cartel violence and common crime announced they will bring charges ranging from organized crime to kidnapping and extortion against 50 men and three women who they have been holding prisoner at improvised jails in Ayutla, Guerrero state.
    (AP, 1/31/13)

2013        Feb 2, The US and Mexico reached a tentative agreement on cross-border trade in tomatoes.
    (SFC, 2/4/13, p.A8)

2013        Feb 4, In Mexico a gang of armed, masked men raped six Spanish tourists in the Mexican resort of Acapulco. On Feb 13 officials said they had arrested 6 men on suspicion of the rapes.
    (AP, 2/6/13)(SFC, 2/14/13, p.A2)

2013        Feb 20, Human Rights Watch called Mexico's anti-drug offensive "disastrous" in a report that cited 249 cases of disappearances that the group says mostly show evidence of having been carried out by the military or law enforcement.
    (AP, 2/20/13)

2013        Feb 21, Mexico said it will work with the Int’l. Red Cross on the search of thousands of people who have disappeared during the country’s 6-year war on drugs.
    (SFC, 2/22/13, p.A2)
2013        Feb 21, In Guatemalan residents of Peten province reported a gunbattle between drug gangs and said one of the dead resembled Mexico's most-wanted drug lord, Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman. Soldiers and police scanning the area found no sign of any confrontation.
    (AP, 2/22/13)

2013        Feb 23, In Mexico a Belgian citizen, Jan Sarens (59), was shot to death in the Pacific resort of Acapulco near the site of the Mexican Open tennis tournament. He was a resident businessman working for a transnational firm.
    (AP, 2/24/13)

2013        Feb 25, Mexico's central bank said that Mexican corporations invested about $25.6 billion last year in buying up foreign plants and companies, more than twice the $12.6 foreigners invested directly in Mexican firms. An official confirmed that was the first time in recent memory that outflows exceeded inflows.
    (AP, 2/25/13)

2013        Feb 26, In Mexico Elba Esther Gordillo (68), leader of the 1.5 million-member National Union of Education Workers, was arrested afternoon as she landed at the Toluca airport near Mexico City on a private flight from San Diego. She was accused of embezzling millions in funds from her teachers' union to pay for property, private planes, plastic surgery and her Neiman Marcus bill.
    (AP, 2/27/13)

2013        Mar 3, Mexico's ruling party changed its platform to allow for private investment in the oil industry, paving the way for a possible overhaul of a state-owned company that is seen as a pillar of the nation.
    (AP, 3/3/13)

2013        Mar 4, Mexico's Economy Department said that an agreement over trade in fresh tomatoes, proposed in early February, has been signed with US Department of Commerce officials.
    (AP, 3/5/13)

2013        Mar 11, Mexico’s President Enrique Pena Nieto moved to overhaul and strengthen the weak and chaotic regulations that have allowed Carlos slim, the world's richest man, and its largest Spanish-language media empire to exert near-total control of Mexico's lucrative telephone and television markets.
    (AP, 3/11/13)

2013        Mar 13, Scientists said that the number of Monarch butterflies wintering in Mexico dropped by 59% this year, falling to its lowest level since record keeping began 20 years ago.
    (SFC, 2/14/13, p.A2)

2013        Mar 15, In central Mexico a truck loaded with fireworks exploded during a religious procession in the rural village of Jesus Tepactepec, killing at least 13 people and injuring 154.
    (AP, 3/16/13)

2013        Mar 18, A new academic study said an estimated 2.2% of all US gun sales are made to smuggling rings that take the firearms to Mexico.
    (SFC, 3/19/13, p.A4)

2013        Mar 20, Mexico’s National Institute of Anthropology and History said Mexico has sent a diplomatic note to the French government seeking assistance in heading off an auction of 51 pre-Columbian Mexican artifacts scheduled in Paris for March 22-23, arguing they are protected national historical pieces. Mexico has had laws prohibiting the export of such artifacts since at least 1827.
    (AP, 3/21/13)

2013        Mar 26, Earthquakes shook a broad swath of southern Mexico, causing buildings to sway in the capital and sending thousands fleeing into the streets. There were no immediate reports of damages or injuries.
    (AP, 3/26/13)

2013        Mar 27, In Mexico hundreds of armed vigilantes took control of Tierra Colorado, a town on a major highway in the Pacific coast state of Guerrero, arresting local police officers and searching homes in response to the March 25 killing of vigilante leader Guadalupe Quinones Carbajal (28). Several opened fire on a car of Mexican tourists headed to the beach for Easter week.
    (AP, 3/27/13)

2013        Mar 30, In Mexico a bus collided with a truck in Veracruz state and plunged over a cliff killing 12 people.
    (SFC, 4/1/13, p.A2)

2013        Mar, In Mexico 7 young members of the National Ballet of Cuba defected while on a performing tour.
    (SFC, 4/4/13, p.A2)

2013        Apr 5, Mexico’s President Enrique Pena Nieto visited Hong Kong, and said "I am convinced that Mexican products should take advantage of the dynamism of China's markets." A report by a chief economist for Bank of America Merrill Lynch this week estimated that Mexico's labor costs are now 19.6 percent lower than China's.
    (AP, 4/6/13)

2013        Apr 10, Mexican lime picker Alejandro Ayala (41) and several dozen co-workers, escorted by Federal Police, met with Michoacan state Interior Secretary Jesus Reyna over extortion protection payments by the Knights Templar cartel. On the way home his convoy was ambushed, twice. Ayala and 9 others were killed.
    (AP, 5/22/13)

2013        Apr 24, In Mexico the hacked-up bodies of photojournalist Daniel Martinez Bazaldua (22) and  Julian Zamora (23) were found in the northern city of Saltillo. A hand-lettered message appeared to indicate the Zetas were responsible for the killings.
    (AP, 4/25/13)

2013        Apr 27, Mexican authorities said they have detained 108 undocumented immigrants along routes that thousands of Central Americans use every year to cross Mexico and enter the US illegally.
    (Reuters, 4/27/13)
2013        Apr 27, In northern Mexico 10 members of the musical group La Reyna de Monterrey were killed and five injured in a road accident.
    (AP, 4/27/13)

2013        Apr 28, In Mexico some 400 people gathered in the center of Veracruz's state capital, Xalapa, for a march to demand justice in the case of journalist Regina Martinez (d.2012) and an end to attacks on the press.
    (AP, 4/28/13)

2013        Apr 29, Mexico said all contact for US law enforcement will now go through "a single window," the federal Interior Ministry, the agency that controls security and domestic policy. The new policy was a dramatic shift from the direct sharing of resources and intelligence between US and Mexican law enforcement under former President Felipe Calderon.
    (AP, 4/29/13)

2013        Apr 30, Mexican authorities in Agua Prieta arrested Ines Coronel, the father-in-law of Joaquin Guzman, leader of the Sinaloa Cartel.
    (SFC, 5/3/13, p.A2)(SSFC, 5/5/13, p.A4)

2013        Apr, Mexican teachers began skipping classes and protesting against sweeping education reforms signed into law by President Enrique Peña Nieto this February. By the end of August educators had disrupted air travel and jammed traffic across Mexico City.
    (AP, 8/30/13)(http://tinyurl.com/bfh7p8s)

2013        May 1, In Mexico Central American migrants crossing Veracruz state were attacked by a drug and extortion gang. At least 9 and as many as 20 people were seriously injured.
    (SFC, 5/3/13, p.A2)

2013        May 2, Pres. Obama embarked on a trip to Mexico with a 2-day stop in Costa Rica. In a joint news conferece with Mexico’s Pres. President Enrique Pena Nieto, Obama sought to tamp down a potential rift with Mexico over a dramatic shift in the cross-border fight against drug trafficking and organized crime.
    (SFC, 5/2/13, p.A3)(AP, 5/3/13)

2013        May 3, President Barack Obama in Mexico City said he wants to set aside old stereotypes that have created misunderstanding between Mexico and the United States.
    (AP, 5/3/13)

2013        May 7, Mexico’s Pres. Enrique Pena Nieto restarted a tri-party political pact and resurrected an ambitious reform program.
    (Econ, 5/11/13, p.39)
2013        May 7, In Mexico a natural gas tanker truck lost control, hit a center divider and exploded on a highway in the Mexico City suburb of Ecatepec. At least 22 people were killed and nearly 3 dozen injured.
    (AP, 5/8/13)

2013        May 8, Mexico's government proposed a sweeping overhaul of the banking sector to make credit cheaper and more available, a move desperately needed in a country where bank loans represent less than 20 percent of GDP — one-tenth the level seen in the United States.
    (AP, 5/8/13)

2013        May 9, In Mexico Malcolm Shabazz (28), grandson of Malcolm X, was beaten to death in Mexico City during a dispute over a $1200 bar bill. Prosecutors soon arrested two men in connection with the death of Shabazz.
    (SSFC, 5/12/13, p.A4)(AP, 5/13/13)
2013        May 9, A federal jury in Texas found Jose Trevino Morales (46) guilty of conspiracy to commit money laundering. His older brothers were said to be leaders of the Zetas, a Nuevo Leon based criminal group that has become the largest in Mexico.
    (SFC, 5/10/13, p.A8)

2013        May 15, Mexico’s Pres. Enrique Peña Nieto fired Humberto Benítez Treviño, the head of its consumer protection agency, because his daughter got inspectors to partly close a Mexico City bistro that didn’t give her a table she wanted.
    (SFC, 5/16/13, p.A2)(http://tinyurl.com/aky7v2o)

2013        May 20, In Mexico residents of La Ruana, Michoacan state, who endured months besieged by the Knights Templars drug cartel, cheered the arrival of hundreds of Mexican soldiers. The town's supplies had been blocked after the Knights Templars cartel declared war on the hamlet.
    (AP, 5/20/13)

2013        May 22, Mexican autorities seized 5 boxes filled with cash as part of an investigation into alleged embezzlement by former Tabasco state Gov. Andres Granier (65). The money was found in the office of Jose Saiz, the finance minister under Granier. Saiz was arrested on June 8 at the US border on suspicion of embezzlement.
    (SFC, 5/24/13, p.A6)(SFC, 6/14/13, p.A6)

2013        May 23, In Washington, DC, Julian Zapata Espinoza pleaded guilty to the Feb 15, 2011, killing of US Custom’s agent Jaime Zapata during an ambush in Mexico. He also pleaded gulty to the attempted murder of ICE special agent Victor-Avila. Three other defendants were also charged with murder.
    (SFC, 5/24/13, p.A7)

2013        May 24, In San Diego, Ca., Eduardo Arellano Felix (56) of the Tijuana drug cartel pleaded guilty to helping ship hundreds millions of dollars from the US. Under a plea agreement he will spend 15 years in prison and then be deported to Mexico.
    (SFC, 5/25/13, p.A6)

2013        May 26, In Mexico 12 young people were brazenly kidnapped in broad daylight from the after-hours Heaven bar in Mexico City's Zona Rosa. As of late September four police officers were among 18 people in custody in relation to the Heaven case.
    (AP, 5/30/13)(AFP, 8/27/13)(SFC, 9/25/13, p.A3)
2013        May 26, In Mexico a bus carrying tourists overturned following a tire blowout in central Hidalgo state. 16 people were killed.
    (SFC, 5/27/13, p.A2)

2013        May 29, Hurricane Barbara drenched a sparsely populated stretch of Mexico's southern Pacific coast with rain after making the second-earliest landfall since reliable record-keeping began in 1966. It quickly lost strength over land but not before killing at least two people, including a man identified by local officials as a US surfer.
    (AP, 5/29/13)

2013        Jun 5, China’s Pres. Xi Jinping spoke to Mexico’s Senate on the 2nd day of his 3-day visit. He announced $1 billion in credit to Petroleos Mexico and another $1 billion in trade deals.
    (SFC, 6/6/13, p.A4)

2013        Jun 6, Mexican soldiers were reported to have rescued 165 people kidnapped by the Zetas drug cartel and held for as long as 3 weeks in a one-story home alongside the US border. 150 of those rescued were US bound migrants from Central America.
    (SFC, 6/7/13, p.A2)
2013        Jun 6, In Mexico two gunmen stormed into a gym and killed 4 people in the tough Mexico City neighborhood of Tepito, home to the area's biggest black market.
    (AP, 6/7/13)

2013        Jun 12, Mexican prosecutors said they have arrested 12 people in connection with the slayings of 11 young women, whose skeletal bodies were found near Ciudad Juarez early last year. They allegedly belonged to a gang that forced young women into prostitution and drug dealing, killing them when they were no longer of use.
    (SFC, 6/13/13, p.A2)

2013        Jun 18, Mexican authorities arrested Walter Lee Williams (64), a former university professor who was on the FBI's Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list, in the resort city of Playa del Carmen. He was wanted on charges of sexual exploitation of children and traveling abroad for the purpose of engaging in sexual acts with children.
    (AP, 6/19/13)

2013        Jun 28, Mario Villanueva (64), a former Mexican state governor, was sentenced to 11 years in prison in the United States after pleading guilty to conspiring to launder millions of dollars in bribes from the notorious Juarez drug cartel. Villanueva was governor of Quintana Roo from 1993 to 1999.
    (Reuters, 6/28/13)

2013        Jul 2, In Mexico the bodies of Luis Ortiz and Andres Barba, both 15, were found after they went missing on June 21 in Jalisco state. They were accused of bullying the son of Jose Angel Carrasco a notorious drug trafficker.
    (Reuters, 7/3/13)

2013        Jul 3, In Mexico Jalisco state prosecutors said authorities have found 7 severed heads stuffed in plastic bags on the edge of a highway near the city of Guadalajara.
    (Reuters, 7/3/13)

2013        Jul 4, In Mexico the Popocatepetl volcano registered several tremors after spraying rock and ash over the last 24 hours. At leaqst 40 commercial flights in the Mexico City area were canceled.
    (SFC, 7/5/13, p.A3)

2013        Jul 7, In Mexico an election for mayor of Fresnillo, Zacatecas state, was won by Benjamin Medrano (47). He became the first openly gay mayor ever elected in Mexico and was scheduled to take office in September.
    (SFC, 7/19/13, p.A2)

2013        Jul 11, US immigration authorities began flying Mexican deportees back home. Some 6,800 pople were expected to be returned.
    (SFC, 7/12/13, p.A3)

2013        Jul 15, The Mexican government announced plans to invest about $100 billion in rail, road, telecom and port projects over the next five years, including Mexico's first high-speed rail links.
    (AP, 7/15/13)
2013        Jul 15, Mexican marines captured Zetas leader Miguel Angel Trevino Morales (40) before dawn as they intercepted a pickup truck with $2 million in cash in the countryside outside the border city of Nuevo Laredo. Morales was taken into custody along with a bodyguard and an accountant and 8 guns.
    (AP, 7/16/13)

2013        Jul 22, In Mexico 2 people were killed and 12 wounded in an explosion at Italian-Argentine steelmaker Ternium's Guerrero plant in Nuevo Leon state.
    (Reuters, 7/22/13)
2013        Jul 22, Mexican authorities detained 94 illegal immigrants, including 19 from the Indian subcontinent, packed into a truck bound for the US border.
    (AP, 7/23/13)

2013        Jul 23, In Mexico violent clashes between armed gangs and security forces killed 22 people, marking a surge in violence in Michoacan state, where President Enrique Pena Nieto is testing a new security strategy.
    (Reuters, 7/23/13)

2013        Jul 28, Mexican Vice Admiral Carlos Salazar was killed in an ambush on a rural road in the western state of Michoacan.
    (Reuters, 7/28/13)

2013        Aug 9, In Mexico Caro Quintero (60), sentenced to 40 years in prison for the 1985 kidnapping and killing of US DEA agent Enrique Camarena, was released from prison. A federal court ordered his release this week saying he had been improperly tried in a federal court for state crimes.
    (AP, 8/10/13)

2013        Aug 17, In Mexico Mario Armando Ramirez Trevino, a top drug boss in Reynosa, was captured in a military operation near the Texas border. The bodies of 9 men were found western Michoacan state, where the Knights Templar drug cartel is fighting civilian-led vigilante groups, some with ties to other cartels. Authorities in Guerrero state said 14 bodies were found, including 8 in San Miguel Totolapan and 6 in a mass grave in Taxco.
    (Reuters, 8/17/13)(SSFC, 8/18/13, p.A3)

2013        Aug 20, In Mexico at least 3 people were killed by an ammonia gas leak from a pipeline owned by state oil monopoly Pemex. 1,500 people were evacuated from the area and taken to shelters in Oaxaca state.
    (Reuters, 8/20/13)
2013        Aug 20, The US deported Mexican drug smuggler Sandra Avila Beltran (52), known as the "Queen of the Pacific", after she served out a jail term, handing her over to authorities in Mexico to face separate money laundering charges. She was among 129 detainees turned over by US Immigration and Customs Enforcement to authorities in Mexico.
    (Reuters, 8/20/13)

2013        Aug 22, Mexican authorities said they have found a mass grave east of Mexico City. Tests were made to see if it holds some of the 12 people who vanished from the Heaven Club on May 26. All 12 bodies were soon identified as members of the group. A 13th body was recovered from the grave, but officials have not indicated whom it might be.
    (SFC, 8/23/13, p.A2)(AFP, 8/24/13)(AFP, 8/27/13)

2013        Aug 25, In southern Mexico a notorious cargo train, known as "the Beast" and carrying at least 250 Central American hitchhiking migrants, derailed in Tabasco state, killing 11 people and injuring 18. Authorities later said the accident was caused by the theft of railroad parts.
    (AP, 8/25/13)(AP, 8/26/13)(AFP, 8/30/13)

2013        Aug 26, In eastern Mexico mudslides crashed through several homes, killing at least 13 people after a tropical storm pelted the state of Veracruz with heavy rains.
    (AFP, 8/26/13)

2013        Aug 28, Mexican police detained Mario Nunez Meza (39), a drug cartel operator in Ciudad Juarez. He was suspected of being responsible for the killing of more than 350 people found in 23 clandestine graves.
    (AFP, 8/29/13)
2013        Aug 28, In Mexico a woman approached a bus driver in Ciudad Juarez, took out a pistol, shot him in the head and got off. The next day, apparently the same woman did exactly the same thing to another driver on the same route. The woman was thought to be seeking revenge for purported sexual abuse of female passengers.
    (AP, 9/3/13)

2013        Sep 1, Mexican police launched tear gas at protestors who threw rocks and firebombs in Mexico City, leaving two officers injured during a demonstration against President Nieto's education reform agenda.
    (AFP, 9/1/13)
2013        Sep 1, Mexican authorities said police have detained a 47-year-old man known as "Ugly Betty," the alleged leader of the New Juarez Cartel.
    (AFP, 9/2/13)

2013        Sep 4, Mexico's Senate overwhelmingly passed a sweeping reform of the notoriously dysfunctional public school system, handing President Enrique Pena Nieto an important victory in his push to remake some of his country's worst-run institutions.
    (AP, 9/4/13)

2013        Sep 5, Jose Trevino Morales (42), the brother of two kingpins of Mexico's infamous Zetas drug cartel, was sentenced to 20 years in US federal prison for his role in laundering money for the gang through the buying, training and racing of American quarter horses.
    (Reuters, 9/5/13)

2013        Sep 8, Mexico’s Pres. Enrique Pena Nieto proposed a sweeping overhaul of his country’s tax system.
    (SFC, 9/9/13, p.A4)

2013        Sep 11, In Mexico armed men in Michoacan state hacked local congressman Osbaldo Esquivel Lucatero to death with a machete while he was being interviewed by a journalist.
    (Reuters, 9/12/13)

2013        Sep 13, In Mexico police used tear gas and water cannon to disperse demonstrators in the main square of Mexico City, arresting 31 people, as the government took control of the historic center after weeks of protests by teachers.
    (Reuters, 9/13/13)

2013        Sep 15, Mexico’s southwestern Pacific coast was drenched by Tropical Storm Manuel and Hurricane Ingrid closed in on the Gulf Coast. Heavy rains and landslides killed at least 21 people and caused the evacuation of thousands of others.
    (SFC, 9/16/13, p.A2)

2013        Sep 16, In Mexico two powerful storms converged from the Pacific and the Gulf, killing at least 42 people and stranding some 40,000 tourists in the Pacific resort of Acapulco amid some of the worst flooding in decades. Half of the remote village of La Pintada was buried in a landslide leaving 68 people missing.
    (Reuters, 9/16/13)(SFC, 9/20/13, p.A5)

2013        Sep 18, In Mexico looting broke out in Acapulco as the government struggled to reach tens of thousands of people cut off by flooding that had claimed at least 80 lives.
    (Reuters, 9/18/13)

2013        Sep 19, In Mexico the death toll following storms and landslides reached 97 without counting 68 people missing in La Pintada.
    (SFC, 9/20/13, p.A5)

2013        Sep 22, In Mexico two gunmen burst into a home in Ciudad Juarez and killed 10 people as they celebrated a baseball victory. The dead included a girl (7), her mother, 3 teens and 5 adult men.
    (SFC, 9/24/13, p.A4)

2013        Sep 30, Mexican officials said shootings in three cities with active drug gang turf battles left at least 9 people dead.
    (SFC, 10/1/13, p.A2)

2013        Oct 2, In Mexico protesters clashed with riot police in Mexico City, leaving dozens injured as thousands of people marched to mark the anniversary of a massacre of students in 1968.
    (AFP, 10/3/13)

2013        Oct 4, Mexican police arrested Eduardo Villatoro, alias "Guayo Cano,” a suspected Guatemalan drug trafficker accused of leading the June 14 slaughter of 8 police officers in Guatemala's western highlands.
    (Reuters, 10/4/13)
2013        Oct 4, In Mexico at least 14 people died when a bus hurtled down a hillside on the outskirts of Mexico City, ejecting six victims through the windows and leaving 25 injured.
    (Reuters, 10/4/13)

2013        Oct 5, In northern Mexico at least 8 people, including 3 children, were killed and 79 were wounded when a monster truck careened into a crowd at a show at the El Rejon dam on the outskirts of Chihuahua.
    (Reuters, 10/6/13)

2013        Oct 18, In northwest Mexico Francisco Rafael Arellano Felix (63), a former head of the Tijuana cartel, was killed by a man in a clown outfit during a party in a hotel in the resort town of Cabo San Lucas.
    (AFP, 10/19/13)(SSFC, 10/20/13, p.A6)

2013        Oct 24, Mexican officials said Juan Pablo Vazquez (20) has admitted to killing 45 people, and is being investigated for 34 more. Vazquez was caught earlier this month in Monterrey where he was allegedly selling drugs.
    (Reuters, 10/24/13)

2013        Oct 27, In Mexico 5 men were killed and power was cut to hundreds of thousands following clashes between vigilantes and the Knights Templar drug cartel in Michoacan state.
    (SFC, 10/29/13, p.A2)

2013        Oct 31, Mexico’s President Enrique Pena Nieto launched a campaign against the country’s obesity epidemic, urging his countrymen to exercise more as Congress passed special taxes on junk food and sodas. Mexico's Congress passed a package of measures aimed at bolstering the country's weak tax revenues, but only after watering down a plan that is expected to have a moderate impact at best.
    (AFP, 11/1/13)(Reuters, 10/31/13)

2013        Nov 3, In Mexico 13 people were killed in shootouts around the northeastern city of Matamoros in one of the worst recent outbreaks of violence in an area ravaged by drug gangs.
    (Reuters, 11/3/13)

2013        Nov 4, Mexican armed forces took control of  Lazaro Cardenas, a major Pacific port in Michoacan, as part of militarized efforts to contain drug cartel violence in the western state.
    (AFP, 11/5/13)
2013        Nov 4, Venezuelan air force warplanes forced a small executive jet with a Mexican license number to land in the state of Apure, near the border with Colombia. Venezuela’s air force released images of the plane fuselage still in flames. President Nicolas Maduro later said the plane was full of cocaine.
    (AP, 11/10/13)

2013        Nov 7, In Mexico the body of Ygnacio Lopez Mendota, the mayor of Santa Ana Maya in Michoacan state, was found. He had complained that cartel members were regularly demanding a chunk of federal money meant for public works projects.
    (http://tinyurl.com/qaoz4r7)(SFC, 11/29/13, p.A13)

2013        Nov 11, Mexican officials said authorities have detained a former US soldier (32) accused of leading a gang of kidnappers in northern Mexico. He carried two identities -- Luis Ricardo Gonzalez Garcia and Javier Aguirre Cardenas, and was accused of ordering the September 25 kidnapping of Jorge Luis Martinez Martinez, the 70-year-old father of the mayor of the town of Zuazua.
    (AFP, 11/11/13)

2013        Nov 16, In Mexico local media reported that the bodies of 7 people were found buried in several hidden graves in a rural area near the resort city of Acapulco. Six other bodies were found on Nov 14 in hidden graves in El Salto, another small town in the rural area outside of Acapulco. 18 bodies were found on Nov 15 buried in several buildings in Michoacan, which borders Guerrero to the north.
    (Reuters, 11/16/13)

2013        Nov 17, In Mexico investigators found the bodies of 8 people bound and stabbed at a home in Ciudad Juarez. The killers had gone to the home Romero Sanchez a month ago trying to collect a debt that was owed by Sanchez for a $115 stud fee for a dog. Authorities arrested two suspects on Nov 19 after investigators found traces of blood on their clothing.
    (SFC, 11/18/13, p.A2)(AP, 11/21/13)

2013        Nov 19, Mexican journalist and author Elena Poniatowska won the 2013 Cervantes Prize, the Spanish-speaking world's highest literary honor.
    (AP, 11/19/13)

2013        Nov 20, Mexico’s El Heraldo reported that the National Human Rights Commission has found that visits to the country’s 101 most populous prisons indicated that 65 are run by inmates.
    (SSFC, 11/24/13, p.A8)

2013        Dec 1, In Mexico Some 40,000 teachers, union members and anarchist activists took to Mexico City's streets in a demonstration on the first anniversary of President Enrique Pena Nieto's inauguration.
    (AFP, 12/1/13)

2013        Dec 2, Mexican authorities said a total of 64 bodies have been found in mass graves in the western state of Jalisco, as they wrapped up a probe of alleged victims of a drug cartel.
    (AFP, 12/2/13)
2013        Dec 2, In Mexico a truck carrying cobalt-60, used for radiotherapy treatment to combat cancer, was stolen. The IAEA later said the heist occurred in Tepojaco, a town near Mexico City, and described the load as "extremely dangerous" if damaged or removed from its protective shielding. The truck was found abandoned on Dec 4. The highly radioactive material had been removed from its container and was found near the truck.
    (AP, 12/4/13)(AP, 12/5/13)

2013        Dec 3, Mexico's Senate overwhelmingly approved an electoral reform demanded by the opposition, helping pave the way for Congress to focus on an energy bill at the center of President Enrique Pena Nieto's economic agenda.
    (Reuters, 12/3/13)

2013        Dec 6, Mexican officials said 6 people tested for possible radiation exposure have been released from hospital but remain under detention as suspects in the theft of a truck carrying highly radioactive cobalt-60.
    (AP, 12/6/13)
2013        Dec 6, In Mexico Guerrero state officials found the dismembered bodies of 8 family members who had been kidnapped a day earlier in the town of Teloloapan. Three other members of the same family had also been kidnapped, including an eight-year-old girl. But their whereabouts were unknown.
    (AFP, 12/10/13)

2013        Dec 10, Mexican authorities said police have arrested a man accused of ordering and participating in the murders of more than 200 people, including kidnap victims, rival gang members and drug dealers. Felipe Viveros Garcia (30) was detained in the western state of Jalisco along with two other suspects, Jose Bernabe Lopez Alcaraz (43) and Froylan Barrera Morales (40).
    (AFP, 12/10/13)

2013        Dec 12, Mexico's Congress overwhelmingly voted to open up the country's oil and gas sector to private investment in the biggest overhaul of the industry since it was nationalized in 1938.
    (AP, 12/13/13)

2013        Dec 13, Mexico's Senate passed the most dramatic political reform in decades that would allow re-election of some public officials, create new electoral oversight and make the Attorney General's office independent from the executive.
    (AP, 12/13/13)

2013        Dec 14, In Mexico 10 charred bodies were found in a burnt-out truck in southern Oaxaca state. Another corpse was found shot in the head a short distance away from the truck near the town of Santiago Juxtlahuaca.
    (Reuters, 12/14/13)

2013        Dec 16, In Mexico hundreds of people were evacuated after an explosion and fire that was caused by thieves trying to tap into a natural gas pipeline of state oil and gas company Pemex on the outskirts of Mexico City. Seven people were reported injured.
    (Reuters, 12/16/13)

2013        Dec 18, In northern Mexico 5 men were killed in a gunbattle with police and military personnel in the Gulf of California resort of Puerto Penasco. Government helicopters fire on at least 10 vehicles as they tried to escape. Sinaloa cartel operator Gonzalo Inzunza was the target, but his body was not among those killed.
    (SFC, 12/19/13, p.A2)(SFC, 12/21/13, p.A2)

2013        Dec 19, In Mexico Gen. Jesus Gutierrez Rebollo (79), a drug czar disgraced by his arrest and conviction for aiding a powerful drug cartel, died after a long bout of prostate cancer.
    (AP, 12/20/13)

2013        Dec 28, Mexican authorities found 5 decapitated bodies in two locations in Michoacan state, with letters left with the corpses purportedly signed by a drug cartel.
    (AFP, 12/28/13)

2013        Alfredo Corchado authored “Midnight in Mexico: A Reporter’s Journey through a Country’s Descent Into Darkness.”
    (SSFC, 6/16/13, p.F4)
2013        Mexico this year registered over 62,000 cases of Dengue fever, a mosquito-born tropical disease.
    (SSFC, 5/4/14, p.A4)

2014        Jan 1, In Mexico Yeudi Estrada (28), a US citizen and martial arts instructor in Quintana Roo, was found dead on arrival at police headquarters in the resort of Playa del Carmen after his arrest. A finding revealed that he died of asphyxia by strangulation. Six Mexican police officers were arrested Jan 3 on suspicion of killing Estrada.
    (Reuters, 1/4/14)

2014        Jan 3, In Mexico 9 people were killed during a gunfight at a prison in Guerrero state, after a gang dressed as police officers gained entry.
    (Reuters, 1/4/14)

2014        Jan 4, In western Mexico a small plane crash-landed, killing one person and injuring four others, including the leader of a vigilante group fighting drug cartels.
    (AFP, 1/5/14)

2014        Jan 12, In western Mexico vigilantes seized a drug cartel's bastion  in the Michoacan state town of Nueva Italia, sparking a shootout as the civilian militia gained new ground in their struggle against the Knights Templar in the violence-plagued region.
    (AFP, 1/12/14)

2014        Jan 14, Mexican federal forces launched an offensive to take over security in Michoacan state, seizing a drug cartel's bastion and clashing with vigilantes who refused to disarm.
    (AFP, 1/14/14)
2014        Jan 14, In Mexico Juan Gelman, the celebrated Argentine poet and fierce critic of the South American nation's "dirty war" against leftists, died in Mexico City.
    (Reuters, 1/14/14)

2014        Jan 19, Mexican security forces said they have arrested 38 people in the region of Michoacan, including Jesus Vasquez Macias (37), a leading figure of the notorious Knights Templar drug cartel.
    (AFP, 1/19/14)

2014        Jan 22, Texas executed Edgar Tamayo Arias (46), a Mexican convicted of killing a policeman, despite a diplomatic outcry and pressure from the US federal government to further review his case.
    (AFP, 1/23/14)

2014        Jan 28, Mexican officials said that they are launching a nationwide effort to fight kidnapping, a crime that has risen to epidemic levels across the country.
    (AP, 1/28/14)

2014        Jan, Mexico’s Reforma newspaper published a front page story describing a conversation by the mayor of Celaya with staff on how congressmen were requiring him to inflate a paving contract by 35% in exchange for $12.2 million in federal public works money.
    (SFC, 4/11/14, p.A4)

2014        Feb 22, Mexican marines in Mazatlan arrested Sinaloa Cartel kingpin Joaquin Guzman (56). His dominance of the drugs trade and ability to elude the law since escaping from prison in 2001 had lent him almost mythical status.
    (Reuters, 2/23/14)(SSFC, 2/23/14, p.A3)

2014        Feb 26, In Mexico hundreds of people marched on the streets of Culiacan demanding that authorities free Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman, the boss of the powerful Sinaloa drug cartel. Many said he provides needed jobs in poor mountain areas.
    (AP, 2/27/14)

2014        Feb, Citibank said it had lost $400 million at its Mexican subsidiary, Banamex. On May 29 Mexican authorities arrested Mr Yanez, the boss of Oceanografija, an oil services firm, on fraud charges after Banamex found fake invoices for contract work with Pemex.
    (Econ, 6/7/14, p.78)

2014        Mar 4, Mexican police, soldiers and government inspectors raided 11 iron ore yards in Lazaro Cardenas following revelations that drug cartels were exporting ore to China.
    (SFC, 3/5/14, p.A2)

2014        Mar 4, In Mexico one person was killed when illegal miners attacked the mine and offices in Guanajuato state of a silver mine run by Canada-based Great Panther Silver company.
    (AFP, 3/6/14)

2014        Mar 9, In Mexico Nazario Moreno Gonzalez, a leader of the Knights Templar, was killed in a shootout with police near Apatzingan, Michoacan state. He had been reported slain in 2010, but his body was never found.
    (SFC, 3/10/14, p.A2)

2014        Mar 12, In Mexico 28 vigilantes were arrested in Michoacan state for breaking into a cartel leader’s ranch and trying to take two dozen purebred horses.
    (SSFC, 3/16/14, p.A10)

2014        Mar 13, In Mexico a top leader of the self-defense movement in Michoacan state was charged in the murder of two members of a rival vigilante faction.
    (SSFC, 3/16/14, p.A10)

2014        Mar 18, In northern Mexico 7 men were shot dead in an ambush by rival drug traffickers near Sonoyta, close to the Arizona border. Their bodies were found the next day.
    (SFC, 3/22/14, p.A2)

2014        Mar 24, Mexican authorities over the past week found more than 370 children in 14 states dumped by people smugglers while trying to make their way into the United States.
    (AFP, 3/30/14)
2014        Mar 24, In Mexico 3 women and a 7-year-old girl were shot to death in a village near the resort city of Acapulco.
    (AP, 3/25/14)

2014        Mar 27, Mexican soldiers and police killed 10 Zetas drug cartel suspects in a gunfight in the eastern state of Veracruz.
    (AFP, 3/28/14)

2014        Apr 1, A drug-smuggling tunnel with rail systems stretching hundreds of yards across the US-Mexico border was discovered by law enforcement officials. Glennys Rodriguez (73) from the San Diego suburb of Chula Vista was charged the next day with helping run the operation. A 2nd tunnel was found on April 3.
    (AP, 4/4/14)

2014        Apr 14, The Mexican government said vigilante groups in the western state of Michoacan will have to register their guns with the army by May 10. The "self-defense" groups will have the choice of joining rural defense corps set up under the army.
    (AP, 4/15/14)

2014        Apr 17, Gabriel Garcia Marquez (b.1927), Colombian author, died in Mexico City. His beguiling stories of love and longing brought Latin America to life for millions of readers and put magical realism on the literary map. His "One Hundred Years of Solitude," a dream-like, dynastic epic helped him win the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1982.
    (Reuters, 4/18/14)

2014        Apr 19, In northern Mexico a Hawker 800 jet crashed in Coahuila state killing all 8 people on board. On the northwestern fringe of Mexico City a three-way car collision in Naucalpan killed at least 8 people and injured 12 others.
    (Reuters, 4/20/14)

2014        Apr 29, In Mexico gunmen in homemade armored vehicles engaged in a day of running gunbattles that left 14 people dead in the border city of Reynosa, across the border from McAllen, Texas.
    (AP, 4/30/14)

2014        Apr 30, Mexican lawmakers approved legislation that would allow soldiers accused of committing crimes against non-military personnel to be tried in civilian courts.
    (Reuters, 5/1/14)

2014        May 1, Mexican military and police seized 44 tons of marijuana in Tijuana.
    (SSFC, 5/4/14, p.A7)

2014        May 9, In Mexico 5 gunmen and one soldier were killed in gunbattles in Reynosa, a city across the border from McAllen, Texas. Galindo Mellado Cruz was one of the 5 gunmen who died in the shootout that also killed a Mexican soldier. Cruz was one of the 30 ex-special forces soldiers who created the Zetas gang to serve as enforcers for the Gulf Cartel before splitting off in a bloody breakup with its former ally.
    (AP, 5/9/14)(AP, 5/11/14)

2014        May 10, Mexico's government planned to begin demobilizing a vigilante movement of assault-rifle-wielding ranchers and farmers that formed in the western state of Michoacan. The movement had succeeded in largely expelling the Knights Templar cartel when state and local authorities couldn't.
    (AP, 5/10/14)

2014        May 12, Lorenzo Zambrano, the head of Mexico’s Cemex Corp., died unexpectedly in Madrid.
    (Econ, 5/17/14, p.64)

2014        May 16,  Mexican authorities arrested Leonor Nava Romero (45), the leader of a gang responsible for trafficking drugs from the southwestern state of Guerrero to the United States, in Tecpan de Galeana, Guerrero.
    (AP, 5/17/14)
2014        May 16, German authorities said they have arrested a Mexican man (44) at the Frankfurt Airport after finding his suitcase full of snakes, turtles and lizards, including endangered species.
    (AP, 5/16/14)

2014        May 21, Mexican authorites said they have rescued 35 people who had been kidnapped and held for ransom in Guerrero state. 4 suspected kidnappers were arrested.
    (SFC, 5/22/14, p.A2)

2014        May 26, Mexico's state-owned Pemex oil company arrested four its employees for stealing fuel from the company's pipelines.
    (AP, 5/28/14)

2014        May 30, In Mexico 19 people filed a criminal complaint alleging they were sexually abused by a now-suspended Mexican priest, and allege his archdiocese covered up the allegations for years. Mexico's Roman Catholic Church announced May 27 that the Vatican had stripped Eduardo Cordova of his clerical functions after investigations into allegations of the sexual abuse of a 16-year-old in 2012.
    (AP, 6/1/14)

2014        Jun 6, Mexican prosecutors said police have arrested a leading figure in the Knights Templar drug cartel who they say is linked to more than a dozen deaths. State prosecutors said Pedro Naranjo Garcia was "associated with the murder of 15 people last year in Apatzingan."
    (AFP, 6/7/14)

2014        Jun 18, Mexico’s government said Michoacan Gov. Fausto Vallejo (65) has left his post for health reasons. Local media recently posted a purported picture of his son in a meeting with Knights Templar cartel leader Servando Gomez.
    (SFC, 6/19/14, p.A2)

2014        Jun 24, Mexican officials said Fernando Sanchez Arellano, head of the once-mighty Tijuana-based Arellano Felix cartel, has been arrested.
    (AP, 6/24/14)

2014        Jun 27, Mexican authorities detained Dr. Jose Mireles, one of the most well-known leaders of vigilante groups that have been battling drug gangs in Michoacan state, for carrying illegal guns. He was detained in Lazaro Cardenas with 82 other people who also were allegedly carrying illegal firearms, as they planned to travel to the state capital of Morelia.
    (Reuters, 6/28/14)
2014        Jun 27, Mexican authorities in the northern state of San Luis Potosi arrested Roman Catholic priest Guillermo Gil Torres on suspicion of sexually abusing a minor, the second priest charged there in a week.
    (AP, 6/28/14)

2014        Jul 3, Thieves in central Mexico stole a pick-up truck carrying dangerous radioactive material. The load of iridium 192 was normally used in industrial radiography. The load of iridium 192 was found the next day abandoned on a street a few miles from where the truck was stolen.
    (Reuters, 7/4/14)
2014        Jul 3, In Mexico Filiberto Hernandez Martinez (43), a zumba and karate teacher, was detained and confessed to killing at least 4 girls and a woman since 2010 in the northern state of San Luis Potosi.
    (Reuters, 7/5/14)

2014        Jul 7, A magnitude-6.9 earthquake on the Pacific Coast jolted a wide area of southern Mexico and Central America. At least 5 people were killed, 2 in Guatemala and 3 in Mexico.
    (AP, 7/7/14)(SFC, 7/9/14, p.A2)

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