O’Keefe (d.1901), an Irish sea captain, was shipwrecked on Yap
Island. He hitched a ride to Hong Kong, found a new ship and
returned to Yap. He made a fortune using a Chinese junk and metal
cutting tools to bring stone money from Palau to Yap.
(SSFC, 11/26/00, p.T6)(AM, 3/04, p.22)
1944 Feb 17, U.S forces landed
on Eniwetok atoll in the South Pacific Marshall Islands. Battle of
Eniwetok Atoll began. US victory on Feb 22.
(HN, 2/17/99)(MC, 2/17/02)
1944 Sep 15, US troops landed
on Palau and Morotai Islands.
1944 Nov 20, The 1st Japanese
suicide submarine attack was at Ulithi Atoll, Carolines.
1944 Some 1000 American
warships gathered at the Ulithi atoll of Yap.
(SSFC, 11/26/00, p.T7)
1946-1958 The US conducted 67 nuclear test blasts
at the Bikini and Eniwetok atolls over this period. The tests in the
northern Marshall Islands released radioactive iodine said to be 150
times worse than the contamination from Chernobyl in 1986.
(SFC, 3/8/99, p.A16)(Econ, 1/12/08, p.38)
1951 May 12, The 1st H Bomb
test was on Eniwetok Atoll. [see Oct 31, 1952]
1952 Oct 31, The United States
exploded the first hydrogen bomb at Eniwetok Atoll in the Pacific.
The prototype H-bomb was named Mike. In 2002 Greg Herken authored
“Brotherhood of the Bomb: the Tangled Lives and Loyalties of Robert
Oppenheimer, Ernest Lawrence and Edward Teller." [see Nov 1]
(TMC, 1994, p.1952)(HN, 10/31/98)(SSFC, 10/12/02,
1952 Nov 1, The United
States exploded the first hydrogen bomb, in a test at Eniwetok in
the Marshall Islands. The element einsteinium was discovered in the
debris of the 1st hydrogen bomb test. [see Oct 31]
(AP, 11/1/97)(NH, 7/02, p.35)
1961 The UN accused the US of
neglect and prompted Washington to send in aid and peace corps
(SFC, 1/4/00, p.A12)
1971 Australia joined with New
Zealand and 14 independent of self-governing island nations to form
the South Pacific Forum. The name was changed in 2000 to Pacific
Islands Forum. Member states include: Australia, the Cook Islands,
the Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Kiribati, the Marshall
Islands, Nauru, New Zealand, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa,
the Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, and Vanuatu. Since 2006,
associate members territories are New Caledonia and French
1979 May 1, Marshall Islands
(in Pacific) became self-governing.
1986 Oct 21, The US, Micronesia
and the Marshall Islands formed a Compact of Free Association (CFA).
Tens of millions in economic benefits along with security and
defense of the islands was exchanged for the right to deny access to
third countries. The US paid $270 million in compensation to nuclear
victims under the 1st phase of the CFA (1986-2001), insisting that
was a full and final arrangement.
(SFC, 3/8/99, p.A16)(SFC, 1/4/00, p.A12)(Econ,
1986 The Marshall Islands and
the Federated States of Micronesia were granted independence.
(SFC, 1/4/00, p.A12)
1989 Yap, one of the Federated
States of Micronesia, opened for tourism. It consisted of 21
inhabited islands and atolls with a population of some 12,000. Yap
is spread over 100,000 square miles in the Western Carolines with a
land mass of only 46 square miles. The capital is Colonia.
(SSFC, 11/26/00, p.T1)
1991 Sep 17, The U.N. General
Assembly opened its 46th session, welcoming new members Estonia,
Latvia, Lithuania, North and South Korea, the Marshall Islands and
2001 US payments under the
Compact of Free Association were scheduled to end.
(SFC, 1/4/00, p.A12)
2002 Jul 3, At least 39 people
were killed and more feared dead when landslides caused by Typhoon
Chata’an destroyed houses on the western Pacific island of Chuuk in
(Reuters, 7/3/02)(WSJ, 7/5/02, p.A1)
2003 Super typhoon hit the
atoll of Ulithi, which is made up of 49 small islands home to some
(SFC, 11/29/03, p.A24)
2013 Nov 7, China’s Vice
Premier Wang Yang said China will provide a concessionary loan of up
to $1 billion to Pacific island nations to support construction
projects in a part of the world where Beijing and Taiwan compete for
influence. He made the announcement at a forum with Pacific island
nations in Guangzhou at a meeting attended by representatives from
Micronesia, Samoa, Papua New Guinea, Vanuatu, the Cook Islands,
Tonga, Niue and Fiji.