Timeline Micronesia (Federated States of Micronesia)

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1871        David O’Keefe (d.1901), an Irish sea captain, was shipwrecked on Yap Island. He hitched a ride to Hong Kong, found a new ship and returned to Yap. He made a fortune using a Chinese junk and metal cutting tools to bring stone money from Palau to Yap.
    (SSFC, 11/26/00, p.T6)(AM, 3/04, p.22)

1944        Feb 17, U.S forces landed on Eniwetok atoll in the South Pacific Marshall Islands. Battle of Eniwetok Atoll began. US victory on Feb 22.
    (HN, 2/17/99)(MC, 2/17/02)

1944        Sep 15, US troops landed on Palau and Morotai Islands.

1944        Nov 20, The 1st Japanese suicide submarine attack was at Ulithi Atoll, Carolines.
    (MC, 11/20/01)

1944        Some 1000 American warships gathered at the Ulithi atoll of Yap.
    (SSFC, 11/26/00, p.T7)

1946-1958    The US conducted 67 nuclear test blasts at the Bikini and Eniwetok atolls over this period. The tests in the northern Marshall Islands released radioactive iodine said to be 150 times worse than the contamination from Chernobyl in 1986.
    (SFC, 3/8/99, p.A16)(Econ, 1/12/08, p.38)

1951        May 12, The 1st H Bomb test was on Eniwetok Atoll. [see Oct 31, 1952]
    (MC, 5/12/02)

1952        Oct 31, The United States exploded the first hydrogen bomb at Eniwetok Atoll in the Pacific. The prototype H-bomb was named Mike. In 2002 Greg Herken authored “Brotherhood of the Bomb: the Tangled Lives and Loyalties of Robert Oppenheimer, Ernest Lawrence and Edward Teller."  [see Nov 1]
    (TMC, 1994, p.1952)(HN, 10/31/98)(SSFC, 10/12/02, p.M1)

1952         Nov 1, The United States exploded the first hydrogen bomb, in a test at Eniwetok in the Marshall Islands. The element einsteinium was discovered in the debris of the 1st hydrogen bomb test. [see Oct 31]
    (AP, 11/1/97)(NH, 7/02, p.35)

1961        The UN accused the US of neglect and prompted Washington to send in aid and peace corps volunteers.
    (SFC, 1/4/00, p.A12)

1971        Australia joined with New Zealand and 14 independent of self-governing island nations to form the South Pacific Forum. The name was changed in 2000 to Pacific Islands Forum. Member states include: Australia, the Cook Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Kiribati, the Marshall Islands, Nauru, New Zealand, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, the Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, and Vanuatu. Since 2006, associate members territories are New Caledonia and French Polynesia.
    (Econ, 10/20/07, p.61)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pacific_Islands_Forum)

1979        May 1, Marshall Islands (in Pacific) became self-governing.
    (MC, 5/1/02)

1986        Oct 21, The US, Micronesia and the Marshall Islands formed a Compact of Free Association (CFA). Tens of millions in economic benefits along with security and defense of the islands was exchanged for the right to deny access to third countries. The US paid $270 million in compensation to nuclear victims under the 1st phase of the CFA (1986-2001), insisting that was a full and final arrangement.
    (SFC, 3/8/99, p.A16)(SFC, 1/4/00, p.A12)(Econ, 1/12/08, p.38)

1986        The Marshall Islands and the Federated States of Micronesia were granted independence.
    (SFC, 1/4/00, p.A12)

1989        Yap, one of the Federated States of Micronesia, opened for tourism. It consisted of 21 inhabited islands and atolls with a population of some 12,000. Yap is spread over 100,000 square miles in the Western Carolines with a land mass of only 46 square miles. The capital is Colonia.
    (SSFC, 11/26/00, p.T1)

1991        Sep 17, The U.N. General Assembly opened its 46th session, welcoming new members Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, North and South Korea, the Marshall Islands and Micronesia.
    (AP, 9/17/01)

2001        US payments under the Compact of Free Association were scheduled to end.
    (SFC, 1/4/00, p.A12)

2002        Jul 3, At least 39 people were killed and more feared dead when landslides caused by Typhoon Chata’an destroyed houses on the western Pacific island of Chuuk in Micronesia.
    (Reuters, 7/3/02)(WSJ, 7/5/02, p.A1)

2003        Super typhoon hit the atoll of Ulithi, which is made up of 49 small islands home to some 700 people.
    (SFC, 11/29/03, p.A24)

2013        Nov 7, China’s Vice Premier Wang Yang said China will provide a concessionary loan of up to $1 billion to Pacific island nations to support construction projects in a part of the world where Beijing and Taiwan compete for influence. He made the announcement at a forum with Pacific island nations in Guangzhou at a meeting attended by representatives from Micronesia, Samoa, Papua New Guinea, Vanuatu, the Cook Islands, Tonga, Niue and Fiji.
    (Reuters, 11/8/13)

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