Timeline Moldova

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  An independent Republic east of Romania, once part of the Soviet Union. Its capital is Chisinau.
 (SFC, 1/28/97, p.A5)(WSJ, 7/25/97, p.A1)
  Two-thirds of the 4.3 million people are ethnic Romanians
 (SFC, 11/19/96, p.A14)

6,000BC    Bronze age settlements were found here.
    (SFC, 1/28/97, p.A5)

100-1BC    A Roman fortified citadel was built about this time. It may have protected a town occupied by a late-era Sarmatian king.
    (SFC, 1/28/97, p.A5)

c1400-1500    Steven the Great, Stefan Chel Mare, waged battles against the Turks in the 14th century became a national hero. He was buried in the village of Kobynya. In 2000 a 600-year-old oak tree that marked his grave was killed by a cold snap and high winds.
    (SFC, 12/9/00, p.D8)

1812        Russia acquired Bessarabia, the north eastern part of the original principality of Moldavia, in the aftermath of the Russo-Turkish War (1806-1812).
    (Econ, 1/6/07, p.43)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bessarabia)

1903        Apr, Russia instigated a Jewish pogrom in Kishinev. 49 people died and some 600 were seriously injured.
    (WSJ, 1/2/02, p.A18)

1905        More anti-Jewish pogroms swept the province of Bessarabia.
    (WSJ, 1/2/02, p.A18)

1907        Mar 31, Romanian Army put down a Moldavian farmers' revolt.
    (MC, 3/31/02)

1918        An attempt to establish a Moldovan Soviet failed and Romanian troops occupied the province.
    (WSJ, 1/2/02, p.A18)

1922        A law was passed that halved the number of Jewish schools.
    (WSJ, 1/2/02, p.A18)

1924        The Bolsheviks formed the Moldovan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (ASSR), aka Transdniestria, as a basis for later taking over a chunk of Romania.
    (WSJ, 7/8/97, p.A1,8)(http://tinyurl.com/b7m4b)

1938        A law was passed that deprived Jewish heads of household of their civil rights.
    (WSJ, 1/2/02, p.A18)

1939        Aug 23, German Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop and Soviet Commissar for Foreign Affairs Vyacheslav M. Molotov signed a Treaty of Non-Aggression, the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact freeing Hitler to invade Poland and Stalin to invade Finland. Secret protocols, made public years later, were added that assigned Finland, Estonia, Latvia and Bessarabia to be within the Soviet sphere of influence. Poland was partitioned along the rivers Narev, Vistula and San. Germany retained Lithuania enlarged by the inclusion of Vilnius. Just days after the signing, Germany invaded Poland, and by the end of September, both powers had claimed sections of Poland. World War II and Hitler's invasion of the Soviet Union were just around the corner.
    (WP, 6/29/96, p.A16)(DrEE, 9/28/96, p.3)(DrEE, 10/26/96, p.4)(AP, 8/23/97) (HNPD, 8/22/98)(HN, 8/23/98)

1940        Jun 26, The Soviet Union delivered an ultimatum to Romania and 2 days later occupied Bessarabia and North Bukovina.

1940        Moldova was formed from the former Republic of Moldavia and the ceded Romanian territory of Bessarabia.
    (WUD, 1994 p.922)(Econ, 9/30/06, p.60)

1941        Jun 13, Thousands of Jewish community leaders in Bessarabia (Moldova) were deported to Siberia as part of the general purge. The Soviet Union, which had occupied the former Romanian province a year earlier, loaded 22,600 Moldovans on cargo trains bound for Siberia, where the deportees were used for forced labor.
    (WSJ, 1/2/02, p.A18)(AP, 6/13/06)

1941        Jul 23, German and Romanian troops reoccupied Moldova as part of Operation Barbarossa.
    (WSJ, 1/2/02, p.A18)

1941        Jul, The 16,000 sq. mile area of the Ukraine named Transnistria was granted by Hitler to the Romanian dictator Ion Antonescu for Romania’s participation in the war against the soviet Union. Jews from Bessarabia, Bukovina and Moldova were transferred here and many thousands were murdered from 1941-1944 by the Romanian Gendarmeric, the Einsatrzgruppe D, Ukrainian police and Sonderkommando R.
    (WSJ, 7/30/97, p.A15)

1941        Oct 8, The Romanian government gave the order to deport 11,000 Jews remaining in Kishinev across the Dniester to Rybnitsa and into Nazi hands.
    (WSJ, 1/2/02, p.A18)

1941-1945    Some 148,000 Bessarabian Jews were killed in Rybnitsa and other ghettos and concentration camps on the East bank of the Dniester during the Nazi occupation.
    (WSJ, 1/2/02, p.A18)
1941-1945    In 2000 Radu Ioanid authored "The Holocaust In Romania," which described how 250,000 people died under Ion Antonescu. 25,000 Gypsies were deported to Transnistria (later in the Ukraine), of whom 1,500 died.
    (WSJ, 1/19/00, p.A20)

1944        Jul 20, The death march of 1,200 Jews from Lipcani, Moldavia, began.
    (MC, 7/20/02)

1944        The Soviet army re-conquered Bessarabia. Only then were the two parts of present-day Moldova joined together to form the Moldavian SSR. At the same time, about one-third of Bessarabia, including its entire Black Sea coastline, was incorporated into the Ukrainian SSR. The Transdniester region, having long been part of the Russian Empire and then the Soviet Union, remained more Russified and Sovietized than Right-Bank Moldavia.

1944        Aug 6, All 1,200 Jewish death marchers from Lipcani, Moldavia, died by this date.
    (MC, 8/6/02)

1949-1951    In Moldova SSR 2 waves of deportations were carried out, with some 40,000 Moldovans sent to Siberia and what is now Kazakhstan.
    (AP, 6/13/06)

1990        Sep, Transdniestria declared its independence over fears that Moldova planned to reunite with Romania. It was not recognized internationally.
    (www.aliciapatterson.org/APF1803/Meier_Foster/Meier_Foster.html)(AP, 1/5/12)

1991        Aug 27, Moldova (Moldavia) declared independence from USSR.

1992        Feb 14, The former Soviet republics of Ukraine, Moldova and Azerbaijan rejected a proposal for a unified army, sharply rebuffing Russian President Boris N. Yeltsin.
    (AP, 2/14/02)

1992        Russian reactionaries fought against the Soviet breakup and repulsed Moldova’s bid to hold on to Transdniestria. A civil war with Moldova left up to 700 people dead.
    (WSJ, 7/8/97, p.A1,8)(Econ, 1/29/05, p.52)(SSFC, 2/12/06, p.E2)

1992        Andrei Ivantoc, a member of the Popular Moldovan Front, was arrested by separatist authorities  of Trans-Dniester. A year later he and the three others were sentenced on charges of committing terrorist acts against citizens of Trans-Dniester. The Popular Moldovan Front called for the reunification of Moldova with neighboring Romania. The group's members were seen as martyrs by some in Moldova and Romania for their opposition to the separatists. Ivantoc was released in 2007.
    (AP, 6/2/07)

1992-1994    Russia's Alexander Lebed commanded troops in Moldova’s break-away region of Trans-Dniester, where ethnic conflict rose between the Moldovan government and Slav separatists. He ended the bloodshed there.
    (SFC, 10/18/96, A18)

1996        Pres. Mircea Snegur and Parliament Speaker Petru Lucinschi went into 2nd round elections. Voters seemed to seek a diminished relationship with Russia and closer ties with Romania.
    (SFC, 11/19/96, p.A14)

1996        Dec 2, Petru Lucinschi, a top Communist official in Soviet days, beat incumbent Mircea Snegur 53% to 47%.
    (WSJ, 12/3/96, p.A1)

1997        Jul 25, It was reported that American led teams rewritten the tax laws, launched a stock market, and helped break up farm collectives formed under the Stalin era.
    (WSJ, 7/25/97, p.A1)

1997        Oct, The US purchased 21 MiG-29 aircraft from Moldova for $40-50 million, in order to keep the planes out of the hands of Iran. In 2005 Moldova arrested Valeriu Pasat, former defense minister (1997-1999), on suspicion of pocketing $10 million during the sale of 21 MiG-29 fighter jets.
    (SFC,11/5/97, p.A5)(WSJ, 3/14/05, p.A1)

1997        Former Soviet republics (Georgia, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan and Moldova) formed Guuam to seek cooperation outside Russian influence.
    (WSJ, 3/4/05, p.A13)

1998        Mar 22, Elections were held and the Communist party received about 30% of the vote. Political parties scrambled to form a coalition to keep the Communists out of power.
    (SFC, 3/24/98, p.A14)

1998        Mar, Ion Ciubuc was appointed prime minister.
    (SFC, 2/2/99, p.A10)

1999        Feb 1, Ion Ciubuc announced his resignation as prime minister. He blamed parliament and the ruling coalition for not supporting his efforts to implement market reforms.
    (SFC, 2/2/99, p.A10)

1999        Nov, The government of Ion Sturza was dismissed amid accusations of corruption and mismanagement of the economy.
    (SFC, 12/16/99, p.C2)

1999        Dec 15, Russia cut off natural gas deliveries due to a debt of $600 million.
    (SFC, 12/16/99, p.C2)

2001        Feb 25, In Moldova Communists made strong gains in parliamentary elections. They won 70% of the seats and would name the next president.
    (WSJ, 2/26/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 2/27/01, p.A1)

2001        In Moldova Vladimir Voronin, a former baker and member of the Communist Party, was elected president. He stepped down after serving the maximum two terms.
    (AP, 5/12/09)

2001        Moldova passed its 1st laws against sex trafficking.
    (SFC, 6/24/04, p.W1)

2003        May 25, In Moldova the Communist Party consolidated its hold on power in this former Soviet republic, winning over 47 percent of contested posts for mayor and other municipal offices. The Communists, who came to power in 2001, were led by Pres. Vladimir Voronin.
    (AP, 5/26/03)

2003        Dec 8, Russian military documents confirmed that dozens of rockets outfitted with dirty bombs appeared to be missing from the military airport at Tiraspol, the capital of Transdniestria.
    (SFC, 12/9/03, p.A13)

2003        Dec 27, Russia removed all Soviet-built anti-aircraft missiles from its vast arms depots in a Moldova province to prevent them from falling into the hands of terrorists. The missiles were flown from Transdniestria Province to Moscow.
    (AP, 12/29/03)

2003        Moldova Pres. Voronin rejected a deal on Transdniestra that would have left Russian troops on Moldovan soil for at least 15 years while giving the breakaway region wide autonomy.
    (WSJ, 3/4/05, p.A13)

2003        Moldova passed laws against sex trafficking with minimum prison sentences. An estimated 200-400 thousand Moldovan women and girls had been lured to foreign countries by sex traffickers since the mid 1990s.
    (SFC, 6/24/04, p.W1)

2004        Dec, Moldovan Foreign Minister Andrei Stratan called 1,500 Russian troops in Transdniestra a “military occupation."
    (WSJ, 3/4/05, p.A13)

2005        Mar 6, Moldova held national elections. Nine special stations were opened near the border with Trans-Dniester so the separatist region's 700,000 residents can vote. Trans-Dniester authorities have refused to allow any polling stations on their territory. The governing pro-Western Communists won a parliamentary majority, but fell short of taking enough seats to re-elect President Vladimir Voronin.
    (AP, 3/6/05)(AP, 3/7/05)

2005        Mar 11, Moldova arrested Valeriu Pasat, former defense minister, on suspicion of pocketing $10 million during the 1997 sale of 21 MiG-29 fighter jets to the US.
    (WSJ, 3/14/05, p.A1)

2005        May 12, Austrian authorities reported the break up a major human trafficking ring led by Romanian, Moldovan and Ukrainian criminals who smuggled more than 5,000 East Europeans to the West, many enduring horrific conditions in tiny hiding spaces in cars, trucks and trailers.
    (AP, 5/12/05)

2006        Apr 6, It was reported that Russian health and sanitary officials had imposed a ban on Georgian and Moldovan wines effective May 1. Authorities said the wines contained pesticides and heavy metals. The ban was soon extended to brandy and sparkling wines.
    (AP, 4/6/06)

2006        Jul 6, In Moldova an explosion ripped apart a small bus in Tiraspol, capital of the separatist region of Trans-Dniester, killing eight people and injuring 46. The blast was caused by a bomb carried onboard by a passenger. Transdniestrian politicians blamed Moldovan provocateurs.
    (AP, 7/8/06)(Econ, 8/5/06, p.48)

2006        Sep 17, Voters in Moldova's breakaway Trans-Dniester region overwhelmingly approved a referendum for the separatist government's bid to eventually join Russia.
    (AP, 9/18/06)

2006        Oct 16, In Moldova an appeals court overturned a guilty verdict against the former defense minister, clearing him of charges he sold 21 fighter planes too cheaply to the US. Valeriu Pasat, who was defense minister from 1997 to 1999 and head of the country's spy services from 1999 to 2002, claimed the case against him was politically motivated because of his support for a movement opposed to Communist President Vladimir Voronin.
    (AP, 10/16/06)

2006        Nov 28, Russia’s Pres. Putin said the ban on Moldovan wine and meat products would be lifted, a move that appeared to be aimed at easing Moscow's entry into the WTO. Putin also said Russia and Moldova would resume a dialogue aimed at resolving Moldova's conflict with Trans-Dniester.
    (AP, 11/28/06)

2007        Jul 9, An appeals court freed Moldova's former defense minister, overturning his conviction for abusing his position in the 1997 sale of 21 fighter planes to the United States.
    (AP, 7/9/07)

2007        Dec 16, Russian authorities expelled a Moldovan journalist critical of the Kremlin in a move condemned by media watchdogs.
    (AP, 12/16/07)

2008        Apr 11, In Moldova a Sudanese-owned transport plane laden with fuel crashed shortly after takeoff from an airport near the capital and burst into flames, killing all 8 people on board.
    (AP, 4/12/08)

2008        Aug 5, The UN said heavy rains and storms have led to some of the worst floods in 40 years in parts of Ukraine, Moldova and Romania since July 22, causing great damage to homes, infrastructure and farmland. In Ukraine, 34 people have been killed in the west of the country along the Dnestr and Prut rivers; in Moldova, three people are reported to have drowned in the capital Chisinau; in Romania five people have been killed.
    (AFP, 8/5/08)

2008        Aug 25, Russia's parliament voted unanimously to urge the president to recognize the independence of Georgia's two breakaway regions, a move likely to stoke further tensions between Moscow and the small Caucasus nation's Western allies. Russian President Dmitry Medvedev warned ex-Soviet Moldova against repeating Georgia's mistake of trying to use force to seize back control of Transdniestria, a pro-Moscow breakaway region.
    (AP, 8/25/08)(Reuters, 8/25/08)

2009        Jan 18, Moldovan poet Grigore Vieru (b.1935) died in a car crash. He was admired for his courage in promoting Romanian, the country's native language, when Moldova was a Soviet republic. In the 1970s, he wrote "The Little Bee," Moldova's first Romanian-language school manual for young children.
    (AP, 1/19/09)

2009        Apr 5, In Moldova the Communist Party won re-election under alleged ballot rigging. The Communists, in power since 2001, won about 50% of the vote in what international observers said was a fair election. With a population of 4.1 million, Moldova was one of Europe's poorest nations with an average monthly salary of $350. Last year Moldovans abroad sent home $1.6 billion, roughly the same amount as the state budget.
    (AP, 4/7/09)(Econ, 4/18/09, p.58)

2009        Apr 7, In Moldova anti-communist protesters stormed the Parliament, hurling computers through shattered windows and setting fire to furniture in a violent demonstration against what they said were fraudulent elections. 3 people were left dead and hundreds were detained.
    (AP, 4/7/09)(Econ, 8/8/09, p.46)

2009        May 7, The European Union extended its hand to former Soviet republics, holding a summit to draw them closer into the EU orbit despite Russia's deep misgivings. Presidents, premiers and their deputies from 33 nations signed an agreement meant to extend the EU's political and economic ties. The six ex-Soviet republics to whom the “eastern partnership" would apply are Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine.
    (AP, 5/7/09)(Econ, 1/10/15, p.49)

2009        May 12, Vladimir Voronin (68), Moldova's former president, was voted head of parliament by his Communist Party colleagues. Three opposition parties boycotted the ballot, claiming the country's April 5 election was rigged.
    (AP, 5/12/09)

2009        Jun 3, Moldovan lawmakers failed for a second time to elect a president, meaning the Parliament elected in April will be dissolved and a new election will be held this summer.
    (AP, 6/3/09)

2009        Jun 16, The US added six African countries to a blacklist of countries trafficking in people, and put US trading partner Malaysia back on the list. Chad, Eritrea, Niger, Mauritania, Swaziland, and Zimbabwe were added to the list in the annual report. Removed from the list were Qatar, Oman, Algeria, and Moldova.
    (AFP, 6/16/09)

2009        Jul 29, Moldova held elections. At least three people were killed and hundreds of others arrested after protesters, some of whom used the social network Twitter to organize after cell phone networks went down, stormed parliament and the president's office. With 98% of the vote counted, the four opposition parties had 50.9 percent to the Communists' 45.1%. A pro-European alliance of four parties won the most seats in the 101-seat parliament but fell short of the 61 votes necessary to elect a president.
    (AP, 7/29/09)(AP, 7/30/09)(AP, 11/28/10)

2009        Aug 8, In Moldova the four pro-Western parties that upset the Communists in recent elections agreed on a coalition deal to form a new government.
    (AP, 8/8/09)

2010        Feb 3, Ukraine's security service said 5 Russian FSB agents were detained last month after being caught trying to obtain confidential military information from a Ukrainian citizen. The FSB said the Ukrainian citizen its agents were working with had himself been apprehended in November while allegedly spying on neighboring Moldova's Moscow-backed breakaway Trans-Dniester republic.
    (AP, 2/3/10)

2010        Jun 20, Moldova authorities detained 2 former policemen and another person on suspicion of trying to sell four pounds (nearly two kg) of uranium on the black market, but it was unclear if this was enough for a "dirty bomb." The uranium-238 had a value of euro9 million ($11.35 million). This was not made public until Aug 25.
    (AP, 8/25/10)

2010        Sep 12, An Egyptian security official said 16 Russians and Moldovans, who killed an Egyptian smuggler, have handed themselves over to police. Some of the would-be migrants to Israel attacked and fatally stabbed smuggler Massud Salim (31) after he attempted to rape one of the female members of the group.
    (AFP, 9/12/10)

2010        Nov 28, Voters in Moldova, Europe's poorest nation, tried to break a political deadlock that has kept it without a functioning government for more than a year. The governing pro-Europe alliance led the opposition Communists in early election results, but it was not clear if the coalition would win enough legislative seats to end the country's year-long political deadlock.
    (AP, 11/28/10)(AP, 11/29/10)

2010        Dec 10, A Moldova court ordered a recount in the inconclusive national election after the Communist Party complained of "massive irregularities" in the Nov 28 vote.
    (AP, 12/10/10)

2011        Mar 11, In Moldova US Vice President Joe Biden urged the government to fight corruption and implement pro-Western democratic reforms, saying that Washington would offer support to Europe's poorest country as it seeks to move closer to the EU.
    (AP, 3/11/11)

2011        Jun 28, Moldova officials said 6 people have been arrested for trying to sell an unspecified amount of uranium-235 to a North African country for $28.85 million.
    (SFC, 6/30/11, p.A2)

2011        Dec 1, The first talks in nearly six years between Moldova and the pro-Moscow separatist region of Trans-Dniester concluded in Lithuania with an agreement for more meetings at the beginning of next year.
    (AP, 12/1/11)

2012        Feb 14, Snow as deep as 15 feet (4.5m) isolated areas of Albania, Moldova and Romania, and helicopters and army trucks were used to deliver food and medicine, and to transport sick people to hospitals. Officials said 5 Romanians died in the past 24 hours due to frigid temperatures, bringing the total to 79 weather-related deaths since the nation's cold spell began.
    (AP, 2/14/12)

2012        Mar 6, Moldova introduced new legislation approving chemical castration for foreigners and nationals convicted of sexually abusing children.   
    (SFC, 3/7/12, p.A2)

2012        Mar 16, Moldova's Parliament elected Nicolae Timofti (65), a judge with a European outlook, as president. This ended nearly three years of political deadlock.
    (AP, 3/16/12)

2012        Mar 20, Russian banker German Gorbuntsov (45) was shot outside his home in east London and was put into a medically induced coma. Hew was days away from giving evidence to an investigation into the attempted murder of a former business associate. His lawyer believed the attack was connected to an assassination attempt on Gorbuntsov's partner and co-owner of Konvers Group, Alexander Antonov, in 2009. A bank he owned in Moldova, Universalbank, was closed down in February and he was wanted there for financial crimes. The Kommersant business daily wrote that Gorbuntsov said he himself was a victim of a raider attack that caused him to lose his stake of more than 70 percent in Universalbank.
    (AFP, 3/24/12)(Reuters, 3/25/12)

2012        Apr 24, Moldova's Pres. Nicolae Timofti refused to sign a law that would have meant that foreigners convicted of sexually abusing children in Moldova were chemically castrated. Parliament had approved the law on March 6 after lawmakers said the impoverished nation was attracting pedophiles from the West.
    (AP, 4/24/12)

2013        May 30, Moldova’s parliament approved Iurie Leanca, a former foreign minister, as the new prime minister. He vowed to move the country closer to Europe and fight endemic corruption and poverty.
    (SFC, 5/31/13, p.A2)

2013        Jun 21, Moldova’s lawmakers adopted a statement urging the US, the EU, Russia, Ukraine and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe to "resolve the situation in Trans-Dniester through political and peaceful means, respecting democratic...principles."
    (AP, 6/22/13)

2013        Sep 10, Russia announced a ban on imports of Moldovan wines and spirits, saying they contained impurities, a move certain to be seen in the small ex-Soviet republic as retaliation for its drive to expand ties with the European Union.
    (Reuters, 9/10/13)

2013        Nov 29, Georgia and Moldova signed important agreements on political cooperation, reform and free trade with the EU at the summit of EU leaders in Vilnius.
    (http://tinyurl.com/nq8ouy4)(Econ, 11/23/13, p.56)

2013        Dec 5, Moldova’s Constitutional Court ruled that Romanian is now the official language. The language, basically the same as Romanian, had been renamed Moldovan under Soviet rule.
    (SFC, 12/6/13, p.A2)

2013        Moldova’s population was about 3.6 million.
    (Econ, 11/23/13, p.56)

2014        Feb, In Moldova Mihail Formuzal, governor of Gagauzia, organized a referendum in the province in which an overwhelming majority called for Moldova to join a Russian-led customs union rather than a political and trade pact with the EU. After the referendum Russia offered an exemption for the winemakers of Gagauzia to its general ban on wine from Moldova.
    (Reuters, 3/30/14)

2014        Apr 28, Moldovans with biometric passports — containing a chip with a photo and fingerprint data — began traveling without visas across 26 European nations, the so-called Schengen area. The European Parliament had approved visa-free travel across most of Europe for Moldovan citizens in February.
    (AP, 4/28/14)

2014        Apr 29, Moldova's PM Iurie Leanca said neighboring Romania will export gas to his country this year, reducing the former Soviet republic's dependence on Russia for gas.
    (AP, 4/29/14)

2014        Apr, The EU granted Moldovans visa-free travel.
    (Econ, 12/6/14, p.64)

2014        May 11, Moldovan authorities said they have stopped Russia's deputy prime minister from leaving the country with a petition calling on Moscow to recognize the separatist Trans-Dniester region, but Dmitry Rogozi claimed he had delivered most of the signatures supporting it.
    (AP, 5/11/14)

2014        Jun 12, The European Union said it will finance projects worth 50 million euros ($68 million) in Moldova as the former Soviet republic prepares to sign an association agreement with the 28-nation bloc amid protests from Moscow.
    (AP, 6/12/14)

2014        Jun 27, European Union leaders signed broad trade and economic deals with non-member countries Ukraine, Moldova and Georgia.
    (AP, 6/27/14)

2014        Jul 2, Moldova's Parliament voted 59-4 to ratify the former Soviet republic's free trade agreement with the European Union. Pro-Moscow Communists with 38 seats walked out of Parliament.
    (AP, 7/2/14)

2014        Aug 27, Moldova and Romania inaugurated a new pipeline that will pump gas from Romania to Moldova in an attempt to reduce the former Soviet republic's dependence on Russian energy. However, 43-km (28-mile) pipeline will provide only five percent of its gas needs.
    (AP, 8/27/14)

2014        Nov 27, Moldova's Appeals Court ruled that a pro-Russian party cannot compete in Nov 30 parliamentary elections on the grounds it is illegally funded from abroad. The court ruled against Patria, led by Renato Usatii, who does business with Russia's state railways.
    (AP, 11/27/14)

2014        Nov 28, Renato Usatii, a Rolls Royce-driving Moldova businessman who has done business with Russian Railways, fled the country. He said that he feared arrest by Moldova's pro-European authorities.
    (AP, 11/28/14)

2014        Nov 30, Moldova held elections. Three pro-Europe parties won a narrow majority in parliament.
    (AP, 11/30/14)(AP, 12/1/14)(Econ, 12/6/14, p.64)

2014        Dec 9, Moldova police said seven people have been detained on suspicion they smuggled uranium and mercury in a metal container from Russia to be used in a dirty bomb.
    (AP, 12/9/14)

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