1297 Jan 7, Francois Grimaldi
(Francois the Crafty) of Genoa disguised himself as a monk and
appeared at the fortress on the Rock of Monaco. Once inside he
called his reinforcements and seized the place.
(SFC, 1/8/97, p.C1)(Econ, 12/24/05, p.84)
1856 Monaco opened its first
(Econ, 8/13/16, p.38)
1863 Prince Charles III built
the casino of Monte Carlo. The Monte Carlo Casino was built and
officially named the Sea Bathing & Circle of Foreigners Co.
(SFC, 1/8/97, p.C1)(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R34)
1884 Claude Monet painted
“Corniche of Monaco."
(WSJ, 8/26/97, p.A1)
1902 Feb 18, The opera
"Hunchback of Notre Dame" premiered in Monte Carlo.
1903 Prince Albert I of Monaco
initiated the General Bathymetric Chart of the Oceans (GEBCO), an
effort to chart the Earth’s seabed. By 2017 only a fifth of the task
1912 Jan 22, Second Monte-Carlo
auto race began.
1913 Mar 4, Gabriel Fauré's
opera "Penelope" premiered in Monte Carlo.
1917 Mar 28, Puccini's "La
Rondine," premiered in Monte Carlo.
1918 A treaty with France
established that Monaco would become an autonomous French state
should the Grimaldis die.
(SFC, 2/5/01, p.A10)
1932 Apr 12, Emmanuel
Chabrier's and Balanchine's ballet premiered in Monte Carlo.
1932 Apr 14, Bizet's, Massine's
and Miro's "Jeux d'Enfants," premiered in Monte Carlo.
1949 May 9, In Monaco Prince
Rainier (26) succeeded his grandfather, Prince Louis II.
(SFEC, 3/28/99, p.T3)
1949 Jul 6, The principality of
Monaco joined UNESCO.
1949 Nov 19, Prince Ranier III
was crowned 30th Monarch of Monaco, six months after he succeeded
his grandfather, Prince Louis the Second. Rainier III came to power
and saw the future in banking, real estate and a more diverse
economy with industries such as pharmaceuticals and plastics.
(SFC, 1/8/97, p.C1)(HN, 11/19/98)(AP, 11/19/00)
1956 Apr 18, Actress Grace
Kelly married Prince Rainier III of Monaco in a civil ceremony. A
church wedding took place the next day.
1957 Jan 23, Princess Caroline
of Monaco, was born.
1957 No one in Monaco paid
income taxes except French citizens who arrived after this year.
(SFC, 1/8/97, p.C1)
1963 French residents of Monaco
became liable for French taxes.
(Econ, 12/24/05, p.85)
1982 Sep 14, Princess Grace of
Monaco, formerly actress Grace Kelly, died at age 52 of injuries
from a car crash the day before. Her daughter Stephanie survived the
crash. Kelly rose to prominence in film with 1952's 'High Noon', and
she worked with Alfred Hitchcock in several films including 'Rear
Window'. Her movie career was a brief six years where she did win an
Oscar for 'The Country Girl'. In 1956 she retired from film
following her marriage to Prince Rainier of Monaco.
(AP, 9/14/97)(AP, 10/10/02)
1991 The first Monaco Yacht
Show was held. It featured 1,147 yachts over 30 meters. By 2016 the
number increased to 4,473.
(Econ, 10/8/16, p.63)
1996 In Monte Carlo Princess
Stephanie filed for divorce from her husband and former bodyguard,
(SFC, 9/17/96, p.A12)
1997 Jan 7, The 700th
anniversary of the House of Grimaldi.
(SFC, 1/8/97, p.C1)
1999 Jan 23, Princess Caroline
married Prince Ernst of Hanover.
(SFEC, 1/24/99, p.A18)
1999 Dec 3, In Monaco
billionaire banker Edmund Safra (67), founder of the Republic
National Bank of New York, was suffocated to death in a fire set by
intruders at his home in Monte Carlo. His American nurse, Ted Maher
(41), was jealous of other servants and later admitted that he had
set the fire and fabricated the intruder story to gain attention.
Maher was convicted in 2002 and sentenced to 10 years in prison.
Maher escaped but was soon captured.
(SFC, 12/4/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 12/2/02, p.A1)(SSFC,
9/11/05, Par p.2)
2002 Dec 2, A Monaco court
convicted Ted Maher in the 1999 arson death of Edmund Safra. Maher
was sentenced to 10 years in prison.
(WSJ, 12/2/02, p.A1)
2002 Apr, Monaco amended its
Constitution to restrict succession to children whose parents are
(SFC, 7/7/05, p.A20)
2003 Monaco’s Prince Albert
fathered a boy with Nicole Coste, a French-Togolese former flight
attendant, whom he met in 1997. Albert admitted paternity in 2005.
(SFC, 7/7/05, p.A20)
2005 Mar 7, Prince Ranier III
(81) was hospitalized with a chest infection.
(SSFC, 3/27/05, p.A2)
2005 Apr 6, Prince Rainier III
(b.1923) of Monaco died at age 81, nearly a month after he was
hospitalized with a lung infection. His fairy-tale marriage to
Hollywood star Grace Kelly brought elegance and glamour to one of
Europe's oldest dynasties.
(AP, 4/6/05)(SFC, 4/6/05, p.A8)
2005 Jul 6, Monaco’s Prince
Albert admitted that he had fathered a boy with a French-Togolese
women in 2003.
(SFC, 7/7/05, p.A20)
2005 Jul 12, Prince Albert II
(47) was formally instated as ruler of Monaco.
2005 Nov 19, Prince Albert II
formally ascended to Monaco's throne in ceremonies that mixed royal
pomp with an emotional remembrance for his late father, Rainier III.
2006 Jun 1, In a published
interview Monaco's Prince Albert II acknowledged he is the father of
a second illegitimate child, a 14-year-old girl living in
2007 Feb 1, Gian Carlo Menotti
(b.1911), Italian composer and Pulitzer Prize winner, died in
Monaco. His operas included “The Medium" (1946) and “Amahl and the
Night Visitors" (1951).
(SFC, 2/2/07, p.B7)
2008 Oct 6, A panel of
scientists met in Monaco for the 2nd international UNESCO symposium
on The Ocean in a High-CO2 World. On Jan 30, 2009, they issued the
Monaco Declaration, which summed up their deliberations, and
reported that acidity of ocean surface waters has increased 30%
since the 17th century.
(SFC, 1/31/09, p.A4)(http://tinyurl.com/bdtj3p)
2009 Apr 16, Hotel service in
Monaco was limited and casino roulette wheels were expected to stop
spinning as employees in the wealthy Mediterranean principality went
on strike to protest job cuts.
2009 Monaco’s population was
2011 Jul 1, Monaco's reigning
prince, Albert II, wed Charlene Wittstock of South Africa in a
long-awaited civil ceremony that transformed the one-time Olympic
swimmer into the Princess of Monaco.
2013 The population Monaco was
about 36,000. Its per capital income was over 150,000 and the
unemployment rate stood at zero. Many big projects were connected to
the Societe des Bains de Mer de Monaco, which was 69% owned by
Prince Albert II (55).
(SSFC, 12/15/13, p.A22)
2015 Mar 2, The principality of
Monaco signed an accord with Italy aimed at ending banking secrecy,
days after Switzerland and Liechtenstein inked similar pledges to
exchange financial information with Rome.
2015 Aug 27, Monaco's Prince
Albert II apologized for his country's role in deporting Jews to
Nazi camps — seven decades after police rounded up scores of people
from the seaside principality, including those who had sought refuge
from the Holocaust in what they thought was a safe and neutral land.