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CIA Factbook: http://www.odci.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/mz.html
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Mozambique has 1600 miles of coastline.
(SFC, 10/13/97, p.A15)
~900AD The east coast of Africa
was impacted by trade and Arab, Persian and Indian traders mixed
with the indigenous Bantu. Many of the coastal Bantu adopted Islam
and the Arabic word Swahili, meaning “people of the shore,” to
describe themselves. By this time they had reached as far south as
Sofala in Mozambique.
(ATC, p.142) (Enc. of Africa, 1976, p.169)
1498 Mar 2, Vasco da Gama's
fleet visited Mozambique Island.
1506 Mozambique, Africa, was
colonized by the Portuguese.
1951 Jun 11, Mozambique became
an oversea province of Portugal.
1962-1975 A 13 year effort finally succeeded in
eliminating the Portuguese colonists.
(WSJ, 3/21/96, p.A-11)
1974 The Portuguese secret
police (PIDE) ruled with an iron hand from its headquarters in the
Villa Algarve in Maputo.
(SFC, 10/14/97, p.A10)
1975 Jun 25, Mozambique became
an independent state (twice the size of California), ending nearly
five centuries of Portuguese rule and a long civil war began that
lasted to 1992. The first government embraced Marxism soon after
taking power. 600,000 Portuguese farmers abandoned their farms and
the agricultural industry was devastated. Frelimo (the Mozambican
Liberation Front) took power in opposition to Renamo (the Mozambique
National Resistance), which was supported by white-led governments
in Rhodesia and South Africa. The UN Children’s Education Fund
estimated that at least 850 children were kidnapped by guerillas of
Renamo. Some were forced to fight but most were put to work as cooks
(WSJ, 3/21/96, p.A-11)(SFC, 6/25/96, p.A8)(AP
internet 6/25/97)(SFC, 10/13/97, p.A12)
1976 Mar 3, Mozambique closed
its border with Rhodesia (Zimbabwe).
1977-1989 Frelimo ruled with a firm Marxist
(SFC, 10/14/97, p.A10)
1980 Apr 1, The southern
African Development Coordination Conference (SADCC) was established
by 9 countries with the Lusaka declaration (Angola, Botswana,
Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe).
The main aim was coordinating development projects in order to
lessen economic dependence on apartheid South Africa. On
August 17, 1992, it was transformed into the Southern African
Development Community (SADC). By 2008 it included 15 members.
1980-1992 The Renamo guerrilla movement, led by
Afonso Dhlakama, waged rebellion against the Freelimo government. It
was a peasant terrorist army created in the late 70s by Rhodesia’s
white minority regime and later financed by South Africa’s white
(SFC, 10/14/97, p.A10,12)
1982 Aug 17, Ruth First, an
exiled anti-apartheid activist, was killed in Mozambique from a
letter bomb sent by agents of the Nationalist South African
government. In 1997 her daughter, Gillian Slovo, published
"Every Secret Thing: My Family, My Country."
(SFEC, 5/11/97, BR p.5)(SSFC, 2/10/02,
1984 Mar 16, Mozambique and
South Africa signed a pact banning support for one another’s
1984 In Mozambique the 415-mile
Sena Railway line was damaged and mined by RENAMO insurgents. After
it was sabotaged, not one train used it for more than 20 years.
1986 Oct 19, Mozambique Pres.
Samora Machel was killed in a plane crash as he returned from a
conference in Zambia. He had aided Nelson Mandela’s ANC party in
fighting apartheid. 34 others also died in the crash.
1986 Nov 6, FRELIMO designated
Joaquim Chissano as president of Mozambique.
1986 Mozambique agreed to
liberalize its economy in order to attract foreign companies.
(WSJ, 2/14/00, p.B13C)
1986-1994 Mario Machungo served as the prime
minister. He later became the chairman of the Int'l. Bank of
(WSJ, 2/14/00, p.B13C)
1989 Frelimo dropped its
socialist ideas in favor of a free-market economy.
(SFC, 10/14/97, p.A12)
1992 Oct 4, In Mozambique a
peace accord ended 17 years of civil war during which some 600,000
people were killed.
1994 In the first multi-party
elections, overseen by 7,000 UN troops, voters chose Joaquim Alberto
Chissano, head of Frelima, the formerly Marxist ruling party, as
president over Afonso Dhlakama of Renamo. Frelimo was based in the
southern port city of Maputo, while Renamo was based in the northern
city of Beira.
(WSJ, 3/21/96, p.A-11)(SFC, 10/14/97, p.A10)
1995 The Christian Council of
Mozambique launched a project to bring peace and reconciliation to
the country and to disarm thousands of former combatants. The
program paid artists to turn retrieved weapons into sculptures.
(SFC, 11/9/12, p.A7)
1995 Commonwealth members
admitted Mozambique and Cameroon.
(Econ, 11/24/07, p.64)
1996 Aug 24, Crops in the
fertile districts of Manica were severely damaged by an invasion of
(SFC, 8/24/96, p.A8)
1998 South African senior
foreign ministry official Robert McBride was arrested on suspicion
of gun running in neighboring Mozambique and held for six months
before being released.
1999 Mar 10, In Mozambique
officials reported 12 deaths due to flooding and some 200,000 people
stranded following 3 months of rain.
(SFC, 3/11/99, p.A11)
1999 Jul 3, It was reported
that the government had lifted a ban on hunting elephants as a sport
due to growing numbers.
(SFC, 7/3/99, p.A5)
1999 Dec 22, Pres. Joaquim
Chissano was declared the winner of elections that were held earlier
in the month. He won 52% as opposed to 48% for Afonso Dhlakama of
the Mozambique Resistance Movement, known as Renamo. In parliament
Frelimo won 133 seats vs. 117 for Renamo.
(SFC, 12/23/99, p.C7)
1999 Creditors began canceling
over $4 billion worth of debt. Debt service of over $100 million per
year had flowed to creditors in wealthy countries.
(WSJ, 3/15/00, p.A1)
2000 Feb 22, Cyclone Eline hit
Mozambique and 3 people were electrocuted in Beira from fallen power
cables. Earlier torrential rains killed 67 people and displaced some
(SFC, 2/22/00, p.A10)(SFC, 2/23/00, p.A11)
2000 Feb 26, Heavy rains
continued to ravage South Africa, Botswana, Mozambique and Zimbabwe.
33 people were reported dead in the northern province of South
Africa and 29 dead in Zimbabwe.
(SFEC, 2/27/00, p.A22)
2000 Feb 28, In Mozambique
officials feared that thousands may have died in the last 3 weeks of
(WSJ, 2/29/00, p.A1)
2000 Mar 5, In Mozambique some
600 US troops arrived to help deliver food and medical supplies
where flooding left an estimated 1 million people homeless.
(SFC, 3/6/00, p.A10)
2000 Mar 8, In Mozambique
recent flooding began to wash old civil war land mines to the
surface. An estimated 400,000 to 5 million mines were still present.
(SFC, 3/9/00, p.A10)
2000 Mar 12, In Mozambique the
death toll from flooding reached 492 and urgent shipments of seeds
were being organized.
(SFC, 3/13/00, p.A11)
2000 Mar 25, It was reported
that the Messalo river burst its banks after a week of rain. The
Limpopo was expected to flood again and the city of Chokwe was again
(SFC, 3/24/00, p.A8)
2000 Nov 9, Mozambique
police killed 10 opposition demonstrators in Maputo. In Montepuez
Renamo opposition supporters stormed a prison and freed 93 inmates.
7 police officers and 18 civilians died in election protests.
(SFC, 11/10/00, p.D2)(SFC, 11/24/00, p.D4)
2000 Nov 20, In Mozambique
Carlos Cardoso, founder and editor of the Metical newspaper, was
murdered while driving in Maputo. He had been investigating a 1996
theft of $14 million from the Commercial Bank of Mozambique. In 2003
six men were convicted of the murder. Businessman Vicente Ramaya was
later convicted of ordering the murder and sentenced to 23 years in
prison. In 2013 a judge signed papers granting Ramaya's release
because of good behavior.
(AP, 1/31/03)(AP, 1/22/13)
2000 Nov 23, Some 75-83 inmates
at the prison in Montepuez, arrested for the Nov 9 protests, were
reported dead from either poisoning or suffocation.
(SFC, 11/24/00, p.D4)
2001 Jan, Flooding left at
least 4 people dead and thousands homeless.
(WSJ, 1/29/00, p.A1)
2001 Feb 28, Flooding continued
in central Mozambique as the death toll rose to 52. 81,000 were made
homeless since the beginning of the year.
(SFC, 3/1/01, p.A10)(SFC, 3/2/01, p.A16)
2001 Mar 15, It was reported
that 70% of the nation’s 17 million people lived on less than 40
cents per day.
(WSJ, 3/15/00, p.A1)
2002 May 25, In Tenga,
Mozambique, a passenger and freight train collided and 195 people
(SSFC, 5/26/2, p.A14)(SFC, 5/27/02, p.A7)(AP,
2002 Jul 1, In Mozambique
health officials reported that at least 62 people have died of
cholera in the northern province of Cabo Delgado since the latest
outbreak of the disease in February.
2002 Nov 19, In Mozambique
Manuel dos Santos Fernandes told Judge Augusto Paulino that he and
two of his fellow accused had killed top investigative journalist
Carlos Cardoso in return for a promise of $20,000 from President
Joaquim Chissano's son Nhimpine.
2003 Jan 17, Massive flooding
caused by Cyclone Delfina ravaged parts of Malawi and Mozambique,
washing away homes and crops, submerging roads and bridges, and
cutting off electricity in the impoverished nations.
2003 Jan 19, In western
Mozambique it was reported that 9 people had died of hunger in a
village and some 175,000 people in the area are at risk of
2003 Feb 5, Heavy rains in
northern Mozambique caused flooding that left about 100,000 families
homeless, swept away thousands of acres of crops and severely
damaged roads and bridges.
2004 Jul 15, The Gates
Foundation announced a $44.7 million award at the AIDS Conference in
Bangkok to a consortium of TB and AIDS researchers. The 2 diseases
were often linked. A UN report cited 7 countries as the hardest hit
by the AIDS pandemic: Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Lesotho, Zambia, Malawi,
the Central African Republic and Mozambique.
(WSJ, 7/15/04, p.B1)(SFC, 7/16/04, p.A6)
2004 Dec 1, Mozambique held
elections. Armando Guebuza, Pres. Chissano’s hand-picked successor,
(SFC, 12/4/04, p.A3)(Econ, 2/5/05, p.48)
2005 Jan 15, Visiting
Chancellor of the Exchequer Gordon Brown revealed that Britain has
decided to cancel Mozambique's total debt to it of 150 million
dollars (114 million euros) to help the southern African country
combat poverty. He said: "We've also agreed to pay 10 percent of
Mozambique's multilateral debt."
2005 Feb 2, Armando Guebuza was
sworn in as president of Mozambique.
2005 Aug 23, UN officials
called on African ministers meeting in Mozambique to declare TB and
emergency in the area.
(WSJ, 8/24/05, p.A1)
2005 Aug 25, In Mozambique
regional health ministers unanimously agreed to declare tuberculosis
an African emergency.
2005 Nov 15, Data was published
indicating that Mosquitrix, an experimental vaccine against malaria
given to children in Mozambique in 2003, had cut clinical cases by
35%. The vaccine was developed GlaxoSmithKline of Belgium.
(Econ, 11/19/05, p.85)
2005 Nov 24, The UN food agency
said the United States has thrown a lifeline to six southern African
countries, donating food aid valued at $45 million. The food will be
distributed across Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Zambia
2005 Dec, In Mozambique Jose
Pacheco under President Armando Guebuza, told reporters that an
audit of the ministry had revealed an 8.8 million US dollar deficit
that could not be accounted for. Pacheco had just succeeded Almerino
Manhenje as the interior minister.
2006 Feb 23, A powerful
earthquake sent thousands of panicking people fleeing from swaying
buildings in Mozambique and Zimbabwe, and killed at least two
2006 Apr 10, In Maputo,
Mozambique, African leaders launched a campaign to get every child
in school by 2015, and Britain responded by pledging $15 billion in
education aid to developing countries over the next decade.
2006 Aug 16, The presidents of
South Africa, Mozambique and Zimbabwe gathered for the official
opening the new Giriyondo border post linking South Africa and
Mozambique. This was another step in the creation of the 14,000
square mile Greater Limpopo Transfrontier Park, which would span the
(SFC, 8/17/06, p.A2)
2006 Oct 17, The US State
Department said that the last landmines and unexploded ordnance
blocking Mozambique's vital Sena Railway line have been removed,
thanks largely to some $13 million (€10 million) in US aid. The mine
action assistance was launched in 2002. Under the US Humanitarian
Mine Action Program approximately 46 million dollars have been given
in aid to Mozambique since 1993.
2006 Nov 9, In Mozambique a
regional governor said more than 4,500 foreigners, mostly from
Tanzania, have been expelled for clandestinely mining gold close to
its northern border with Tanzania.
2006 Nov 10, A report launched
by the UN Human Development Program (UNDP) highlighted how more than
2.6 billion people do not have access to proper sanitation and how
dirty water claims more lives than AIDS or conflicts. According to
the UN 78% of Mozambique's 17 million people earn less than two
dollars a day and more than 20,000 children die every year from
2006 Dec 20, The parliament in
Mozambique approved a new law to pave the way for elections at local
and national level despite a boycott of the vote by the main
2007 Jan 19, Mozambique
officials said 4 people have died, hundreds of homes destroyed and
more than 6,000 affected by torrential rains over the last two days.
2007 Jan 23, Mozambique’s
National Institute for Disaster Management said torrential rains in
central Mozambique had claimed five lives and rendered more than
3,500 homeless since the weekend.
2007 Feb 7, The Mozambique
government said floods have killed 29 people and wrecked thousands
of homes after torrential rain and hurricanes swept through the
country in the past two weeks.
2007 Feb 8, China’s President
Hu Jintao arrived in Mozambique on the penultimate stop in his
8-nation African tour.
2007 Feb 9, An official said
flooding in central Mozambique threatened some 285,000 people.
2007 Feb 12, Mozambique
officials said soldiers and relief workers using helicopters and
canoes have evacuated some 60,000 people from the flooded Zambezi
River Valley in central Mozambique, where more than 100,000 others
are at risk.
2007 Feb 22, In Mozambique
roofs were blown off, trees uprooted and power lines cut by the
force of a tropical cyclone which slammed into coastal regions. The
storm killed four people and injured at least 70 in the resort town
of Vilanculos, where thousands of homes were destroyed along with
the hospital and power grid.
(AFP, 2/22/07)(Reuters, 2/23/07)
2007 Feb 25, Heavy rains from a
cyclone sparked more flooding in Mozambique, worsening a
humanitarian crisis that has already killed 45 people and forced
140,000 from their homes.
2007 Mar 3, Officials said
Mozambican marines rescued more than 1,700 people, including 900
children, from flooding in central Mozambique.
2007 Mar 22, In Mozambique an
explosion at a weapons depot in a densely populated neighborhood of
Maputo killed at least 96 people and left more than 400 injured,
many of them children.
2007 Jun 26, A Mozambican army
vehicle carrying recruits overturned, killing 12 people and injuring
2007 Jun 27, In Maputo US first
lady Laura Bush announced $507 million in assistance would be
approved for Mozambique to build roads and boost its battle with
malaria, which kills about 150 Mozambicans each day.
2007 Jul 4, Mozambique's
President Armando Guebuza sought to expand trade ties with Tanzania
to boost development in the two impoverished African nations.
2007 Jul 13, The main US
development fund signed a $506.9 million aid agreement with
Mozambique to promote economic growth and reduce poverty.
2007 Jul 31, In Mozambique 5
soldiers were killed when an army truck carrying munitions that were
about to be destroyed exploded near the country's main airport.
2007 Aug 5, Mozambique state
radio said authorities had seized thousands of boxes of counterfeit
toothpaste that they fear may contain a potentially deadly chemical.
2007 Aug 9, A disaster
management agency said more than 520,000 people need urgent food aid
in Mozambique while 600,000 face famine between now and April next
2007 Aug 15, Maputo's interior
ministry said South Africa has intensified the repatriation of
Mozambican illegal immigrants, going from 400 to a weekly average of
more than 600.
2007 Aug 24, Mozambique’s
health minister said large amounts of drugs, which have been
imported into Mozambique with the aid of the international
community, end up being sold on the black market at home and abroad.
2007 Sep 13, In Mozambique a
non-governmental organization working with the disabled said at
least 440 sites are still heavily infested by landmines near
residential districts in 3 provinces.
2007 Sep 17, The Mozambican
government authorized soldiers to gun down wild animals who are seen
as a threat to human beings after a new report highlighted an
increase in the number of deadly attacks.
2007 Oct 22,
Mozambique's former President Joaquim Chissano, who brought
peace and democracy to his country, won the first Mo Ibrahim Prize
for achievement in African leadership.
2007 Oct 26, The Mozambican
government set itself a new five-year target to remove all the
landmines that still litter the country, 15 years after its
long-running civil war.
2007 Nov 27, Mozambique
formally took over from Portugal the control of Cahora Bassa
hydroelectric dam, Africa's second most important after that of
Aswan in Egypt.
2007 Nov 30, India's Tata Steel
signed a joint venture with Australia's Riversdale Mining to develop
a hard coking and thermal coal project in Mozambique.
2008 Jan 7, The National
Institute of Disaster Management (INGC) said 6 people have died and
more than 20,000 others have been displaced by Mozambique's rising
waters, the worst since the deadly flooding of 2000 to 2001.
2008 Jan 13, A UN humanitarian
agency said floods in Mozambique have killed about 50 people and
displaced tens of thousands.
2008 Jan 27, Mozambique said it
would forcibly evacuate 10,000 people who have defied government
calls to leave areas at risk of flooding along the Zambezi valley in
the country's central regions.
2008 Jan 30, Mozambique’s
interior ministry said police intercepted a lorry carrying 39
youngsters as they were about to be smuggled across the border into
Zimbabwe by suspected child traffickers. Rights groups warned late
last year that trafficking of Mozambican children across to
neighboring countries, mostly South Africa, has risen tenfold in the
last two years.
2008 Feb 5, In Mozambique one
person was killed and 63 were wounded in Maputo when police opened
fire in a bid to break up violent protests against increases in bus
fares. The local council of Tete said an outbreak of diarrhea in the
flood-hit city has claimed the lives of 64 people since early
(AP, 2/5/08)(AFP, 2/5/08)
2008 Feb 6, The Mozambican
government announced that it was scrapping a planned increase in bus
fares as the death toll from riots sparked by the price hikes rose
2008 Mar 10, Tropical cyclone
Jokwe battered parts of Mozambique for a third day. At least 16
people were killed with thousands of homes destroyed in northern
(Reuters, 3/10/08)(AFP, 3/11/08)
2008 Mar 11, State media said
Mozambique's President Armando Guebuza has sacked three senior
members of his government, including his foreign minister.
2008 Mar 17, The Mozambican
government made an urgent appeal to the UN World Food Program to
help more than 60,000 people left destitute when cyclone Jokwe hit
northern and central parts of the country.
2008 Mar 20, Mozambican
President Armando Guebuza dismissed the head of the armed forces and
his deputy, barely a week after firing three senior ministers.
2008 Apr 13, The winners of
this year’s Goldman Awards were reported to be: Feliciano dos Santos
(43) of Mozambique, the director of Estamos, an environmental group
promoting sanitation, sustainable development and reforestation;
Marina Rikhvanova (46), founder of Baikal Environmental Wave, which
forced the rerouting of an oil pipeline in the Baikal basin; Pablo
Fajardo (35) and Luis Yanza (48) of Ecuador, co-founders of the
Amazon Defense Front, which accused Texaco (now Chevron) of dumping
oil and wastewater into local streams; Rosa Hilda Ramos (63) of
Puerto Rico, head of a movement to protect the Las Cicharillas
Marsh; Ignace Schops (43) of Belgium, head of a movement to
establish Belgium’s 1st and only national park; Jesus Leon (42) of
Mexico, co-founder of the Center for Integral Small Farmer
Development of the Mixtec (CEDICAM).
(SSFC, 4/13/08, p.A4)
2008 Apr 18,
South Africa's main transport union thwarted the delivery of a
controversial shipment of Chinese arms destined for Zimbabwe, saying
its workers would not offload the cargo. The Chinese ship left the
South African harbor and headed for neighboring Mozambique. Angola
and Mozambique said the ship is not welcome. China defended the
cargo against international criticism.
(AFP, 4/18/08)(AP, 4/19/08)(AFP, 4/22/08)(SFC,
2008 Apr 29, Human rights
watchdog Amnesty International accused Mozambique police of killing
and torturing people with impunity as the country struggles to deal
with growing crime.
2008 May 14, The annual meeting
of the African Development Bank (AfDB) opened in Mozambique with the
organization’s head warning that rising growth rates are having
little impact on poverty levels.
2008 May 22, The South African
army mobilized in support of embattled police trying to quell a wave
of violence against immigrants that has claimed 42 lives and
displaced 16,000. More than 10,000 Mozambicans have fled home from
South Africa to escape the xenophobic attacks.
2008 Sep 2, In Mozambique 2
days of fires killed at least 32 people and injured hundreds more in
blazes which devoured large swathes of arable land. The fires also
displaced thousands and ravaged around 16,000 hectares (40,000
acres) in the three central provinces of Manica, Sofala and
2008 Sep 10, Officials said at
least 89 people have died in wildfires sweeping through Mozambique,
South Africa and Swaziland.
2008 Sep 22, Mozambique's
former interior minister Almerino Manhenje was arrested in
connection with the disappearance of millions of dollars during his
time in office. He served as home affairs minister in the Joaquim
Chissano administration between 1996 and 2005.
2008 Oct 16, Brazil's President
Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva arrived in Mozambique to launch a project
to make anti-AIDS drugs in the southern African country.
2008 Nov 5, In Mozambique a
medical officer said at least 50 people have died of cholera and
more than 100 have been taken to hospital since the disease broke
out last week in northern Manica province.
2008 China became Mozambique's
second-largest investor after neighboring South Africa, pouring 76.8
million dollars (58.6 million euros) into the country.
2009 Jan 12, Mozambique
authorities said torrential rains have killed 19 people in the past
few days and that worse flooding may lie ahead.
2009 Mar 15, In northern
Mozambique a mob angered by false rumors that health workers were
spreading cholera killed a Red Cross volunteer, two health workers
and a policeman.
2009 Mar 18, Mozambique’s
interior ministry said 12 prisoners arrested during a riot over a
cholera epidemic have died in their cell in unclear circumstances.
They were among 29 people arrested when riots broke out last month
when Red Cross volunteers were blamed for causing a cholera epidemic
plaguing the country.
2009 Mar 27, Southern African
countries (Angola, Botswana, Mozambique, Namibia, Zambia) have been
hit by the worst floods in years, killing more than 100 people and
displacing thousands, as a tropical storm threatened to bring more
2009 Apr 6, In Zambia western
nations and lending agencies meeting in Lusaka agreed a financing
package of more than $1 billion to improve infrastructure in
southern and central Africa at an investment conference meant to
expand transport links and trade. Britain said it would separately
provide 100 million pounds ($149.2 million) to transform the
region's infrastructure to increase trade and mitigate the effects
of the global financial crisis. New projects will link businesses in
8 African countries: Tanzania, the Democratic Republic of Congo,
Zambia, Malawi, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique and South Africa.
2009 Jun 12, Mozambican state
media reported that a court has sentenced Alexandre Balate to 22
years in jail for killing a suspect. Balate, the former head of the
search and seizure unit, was found guilty of the 2007 murder of
Abranches Penicelo, who was allegedly abducted by a group of police
officers, burnt alive and shot. Amnesty International had drawn
global attention to Penicelo's murder. Last year the group released
a report accusing the national police of "killing and torturing
people with near total impunity."
2009 Aug 1, Mozambique’s Pres.
Armando Guebuza inaugurated an 80-million-euro (113-million-dollar)
bridge over the Zambezi River, a major link for a country long
divided between north and south. Work on the bridge had begun in
2009 Aug 18, In Mozambique an
overcrowded ferry with 50 people went down off the coast in a
northern province. 17 people were feared drowned.
2009 Aug 19, Brazilian
prosecutors said Father Clodoveo Piazza, an Italian priest who ran
an award-winning shelter for homeless children in Brazil, has been
charged with sexually abusing boys for years and allowing visiting
foreigners to exploit the children. Piazza, now working as a
missionary in Mozambique, was charged along with another former
director of the nonprofit group Fraternal Help Organization, a
private group based in Salvador.
2009 Aug 28, In Mozambique
talks aimed at determining who should lead Madagascar in a new
interim government ended in failure with the ousted president and
the man who replaced him in a military coup both claiming the right
to do so. The parties set a deadline of Sept. 4 to arrive at a
2009 Oct 28, Mozambique held
elections. President Armando Guebuza was expected to retain power
and move to attract more foreign investors. On Nov 2 President
Armando Guebuza was declared the "landslide" winner by two election
monitoring groups. Frelimo, the ruling party since independence in
1975, had received 71% of the vote with 89% of polling stations
reporting. On Nov 11 election officials said President Armando
Guebuza won the landslide re-election with 75% of the vote. On Nov
17 the main opposition Renamo party said the ruling party stuffed
ballot boxes and expelled opposition monitors from polling stations
to help it win the presidential election.
(Reuters, 10/28/09)(AFP, 11/2/09)(AFP,
2009 Nov 3, Mozambique's main
opposition party claimed that polls that gave a landslide victory to
the southern African country's ruling party were rigged.
2009 Nov 5, Zimbabwe's rival
leaders met with Mozambican leader Armando Guebuza, the head of a
regional security body, ahead of an emergency summit aimed at
hauling a fragile power-sharing deal out of a three-week impasse.
The summit was set to open with leaders from the Democratic Republic
of Congo, South Africa, Swaziland and Zambia.
2009 Nov 15, Amnesty Int’l.
issued the report, "I Can't Believe in Justice Anymore." It said at
least 46 people had been unlawfully killed by police in Mozambique
since 2006. The report offered five detailed case studies, including
that of dancer and choreographer Augusto Cuvilas, who had called
police to his home because he feared he was being robbed, only to
end up being killed by the officers from whom he had sought help.
2009 Nov 16, In Mozambique a
trail opened for former Transport Minister Antonio Munguambe and
four former officials of a company that runs the country's airports.
They were accused of stealing nearly $2 million from the company. It
was the biggest corruption case to go to court in Mozambique since
independence in 1975.
2009 Nov 18, In Mozambique
testimony in the highest-level corruption trial in the country’s
history implicated ruling party Frelimo as a beneficiary of
embezzled funds. Former Mozambican airports company finance director
Antenor Pereira, a defendant in the trial, testified that Frelimo
had received some of the $1.7 million allegedly stolen from the
2010 Jan 11, Riversdale, an
Australian mining firm, said the Mozambican government has given it
the green light to build a 800-million-dollar coal mine in the
country's northwest. Riversdale has predicted that the Benga project
will produce some of the lowest-cost coking coal in the world.
2010 Jan 14, Key southern
African leaders gathered in the Mozambican capital Maputo for a
special summit on the political crises in Zimbabwe and Madagascar.
Leaders called for a return to dialogue in the ongoing political
crisis in Madagascar. A medical aid group said Zimbabweans crossing
illegally into neighboring South Africa after holidays at home are
being raped and robbed by gangs on both sides of the border.
(AFP, 1/14/10)(AP, 1/14/10)
2010 Feb 16, Mozambique state
media reported that a mob attacked health workers in a town in the
northern town of Macoroja, killing one and injuring three others,
after accusing them of spreading cholera.
2010 Feb 18, In Mozambique 7
people died in a riot in the district of Gurue sparked by false
rumors that health workers were spreading cholera.
2010 Feb 25, Mozambique's
health minister, Leonardo Chavane, said 36 people have died this
year from a cholera outbreak in the northern and central parts of
the southern African country. he said the situation is worrying
because new cases are being reported daily and are complicated by
rumors that health staff are spreading cholera rather than fighting
2010 Feb 26, Mozambique state
media said 2 young men accused of having sex with a goat in central
Mozambique are facing criminal charges, and the goat's owner is
demanding they make traditional wedding arrangements.
2010 Feb 27, Mozambique's
former transport minister was sentenced to 20 years in prison for
stealing state funds, the highest-level corruption conviction ever
in the southern African country. Antonio Munguambe, transport and
communications minister from 2005 to 2008, was found guilty of
acting as an accomplice in the embezzlement of 1.7 million dollars
(1.25 million euros) from national airport company Airports of
2010 Mar 13, Mozambique's
health ministry spokesman said the country's cholera outbreak has
now killed 42 people in the northern and central parts of the
southern African country.
2010 Mar 24, Mozambican and
donor officials say they have resolved questions over corruption and
democracy that led to an aid freeze.
2010 Mar 26, Mozambican police
said they have arrested 7 people suspected of trafficking women to
neighboring South Africa to work as prostitutes. The men were
arrested last week through a police sting operation. The women were
on sale for about $670 each.
2010 May 24, Brazilian
President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva launched TV Brasil, a new
Portuguese-language network based in Mozambique's capital Maputo and
tasked with "saying good things" about Brazil. From Maputo, the new
channel will be broadcast to more than 40 countries, mostly in
Africa and Latin America.
2010 May 31, At least nine
people died and 40 were missing and feared dead after a boat sank
off the coast of northern Mozambique. All of those aboard the ship
2010 Jun 28, South African
media said Mozambicans and Thais children (9-16) were discovered a
week earlier by South African border police during an inspection at
the Komatipoort crossing between South Africa and Mozambique.
2010 Jun, The US Treasury
Department sanctioned three Mozambican businesses allegedly
connected to Mohamed Bachir Suleman, a Mozambique man, whose name
was added by the Obama administration to a list of international
drug kingpins. In Dec, 2010, newly released WikiLeaks documents
refered to Suleman often, saying he "uses his FRELIMO party
connections, as well as his shopping mall, supermarkets, and hotels
to import narcotics and launder money without official scrutiny."
2010 Jul 8, Mozambique’s
transport minister said in a report that his country will overcome a
shipping bottleneck to export its vast coal deposits by finding ways
for barges to navigate the Zambezi River.
2010 Aug 17, American oil
company Anadarko said it has discovered offshore oil deposits in
northern Mozambique, but it is unclear if the find will prove
2010 Sep 1, Mozambique's state
utility company implemented a 13.4 percent rate increase, while the
state water supplier has also raised prices in and around the
capital. Police opened fire on stone-throwing mobs who were
protesting rising prices. 6 people were killed and 288 wounded.
Another person died the next day. The UN noted that international
food prices have risen to their highest in two years, a level that
could see unrest spread.
(AP, 9/1/10)(AFP, 9/2/10)
2010 Sep 3, Police in
Mozambique fired rubber bullets and live ammunition to quell more
demonstrations against rising food prices. The death toll from the
unrest soon climbed to 13 with more than 440 injured. The government
said the economy has lost more than $3 million because of the deadly
riots, as state media reported new protests in two other towns.
(AFP, 9/3/10)(AFP, 9/6/10)
2010 Sep 3, In Accra, Ghana,
Standard Bank Africa announced at an agricultural forum a 100
million dollar scheme to reach some 750,000 small scale farmers in
Ghana, Mozambique, Tanzania and Uganda in a bid to boost output.
2010 Sep 5, Mozambican
authorities said five fishing boats have capsized in a storm off the
country's central coast, killing at least 15 fishermen.
2010 Sep 6, Mozambique state
radio reported that nine people have been arrested over the last 24
hours, accused of incitement for sending cell phone messages calling
for protests. The radio report said 3 of the 9 were arrested in
Nampula for trying to spread the protests to that northern province.
2010 Sep 7, Mozambique Planning
Minister Aiuba Cuereneia said that the 20 percent increase in the
government-set price of bread — which had followed a year of steady
increases on the staple in this impoverished country — that went
into effect a day earlier would be reversed. He said an increase in
the price of water also would be reversed, but that higher
electricity tariffs were being maintained.
2010 Sep 28, An Australian
mining company said it has discovered deposits in Mozambique of rare
minerals with a variety of industrial uses. The minerals found
included dysprosium, used to make laser materials and in components
of nuclear reactors.
2010 Oct 8, In Mozambique a
settling pond breached its wall at the Irish mining firm Kenmare
Resources’ Moma titanium and zircon mine in the northern province of
Nampula, flooding the area with a mixture of water, sand and clay. A
four-year-old girl was missing after the dam burst, flooding an area
housing 3,000 families.
2010 Oct 12, In Mozambique 17
prisoners cut the bars at Nampula Industrial Penitentiary before
escaping. They were among 99 inmates recently transferred to Nampula
from neighboring provinces. One fugitive was soon re-captured.
2010 Oct 14, Mozambique state
radio said a court in has sentenced two men to 20 years in prison
each for mutilating a 12-year-old boy and trying to sell his body
parts to a witchdoctor. The report said the two men, the boy's uncle
and another, held the boy down, cut out his eyes and removed his
genitals, intending to sell them to a Malawian witchdoctor. The boy
2010 Oct 25, South African
soldiers strayed into neighboring Mozambique and exchanged fire with
civilians, leaving 2 people dead and one injured.
(AP, 10/26/10)(AP, 10/27/10)
2010 Nov 9, Brazilian President
Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva began a 2-day visit to Mozambique,
focusing on education and health care in his last trip to Africa
before leaving office.
2010 Dec 6, Saudi Arabia's Rani
Investment Group said it would break ground on a 100-million-dollar
(75-million-euro) resort on a Mozambique island next year, aiming to
cash in on foreign tourists.
2010 Dec 8, A Mozambican judge
sentenced two former government officials to 12 years in prison for
stealing 3.6 million meticais ($103,000) from the government. The
court ordered the government data center's former director Orlando
Come and former head of administration and finance Manuel Vilanculos
to repay the stolen money.
2010 Dec 10, It was reported
that the United States is concerned that Mozambique could become a
narco-state because of close ties between drug smugglers and the
nation's government, according to US Embassy cables released by
2010 The population of
Mozambique was about 20 million.
(Econ, 7/10/10, p.50)
2011 Jan 10, In Mozambique a
heavy storm killed 10 people and seriously injured seven others in
the central province of Manica.
2011 Jan 17, Mozambique
officially received its new $70-million (€53-million) national
sports stadium from the Chinese government after a series of false
starts delayed its completion.
2011 Jan 17, South Africa's
Cooperative Governance Ministry said at least 40 people have been
killed or gone missing following heavy rains from late December
through most of January and that thousands of homes in neighboring
Mozambique have been destroyed.
2011 Feb 13, Fifty illegal
Somali migrants and a Tanzanian captain died after a ship sank off
the coast of northern Mozambique. Mozambican marines sent 89 Somali
and Ethiopian survivors to a refugee camp which holds about 3,000
2011 Mar 13, In Maputo,
Mozambique, 2 people suffocated to death in a crowd of 10,000 at the
weekend opening of the new Universal Church of the Reign of God, a
Brazilian-based evangelical church.
2011 Apr 14, Mozambique
announced that it is building a $102 million (€70 million) airport
in the northern city Nacala in an effort to expand infrastructure to
attract tourists and investment.
2011 May 1, In central
Mozambique a US Peace Corps volunteer was raped at knife-point. On
May 11 the US Congress opened hearings into the safety of the
agency's volunteers worldwide. The program said more than 1,000
volunteers had been raped or sexually abused in the past decade and
reported on allegations that the agency had mishandled sexual
2011 May 8, In Mozambique Vale,
the Brazilian mining giant, opened a new $1.7 billion coal mine,
tapping the southern African country's thermal and coking coal
reserves of around 23 billion tons.
2011 May 23, Mozambique’s
Supreme Court slashed jail time for Antonio Munguambe, transport and
communications minister from 2005 to 2008, to four and a half years
as opposed to 20, saying embezzlement from a public company earned a
lesser penalty than stealing money from the government.
2011 Jun 24, Mozambique said
will begin housing minors in separate prisons from adults, as the
justice minister opened the country's first juvenile detention
2011 Jul 27, Mozambique’s state
daily Noticias said the country’s highest decision-making body, the
Council of Ministers, has endorsed measures to criminalize
embezzlement, influence peddling, and graft.
2011 Jul 28, Mozambique’s
official opposition party, the former rebel group Renamo, said it
will build barracks for its demobilized soldiers to "defend
democracy." The first barracks will be built in the northern
provinces of Cabo Delgado and Niassa, and in the central provinces
of Sofala and Zambezia, one-time Renamo strongholds.
2011 Sep 12, In Mozambique a
group of 15 Ethiopian athletes, after competing at the 10th All
Africa Games, went missing and left some of their possessions in the
athletes' village outside the capital Maputo.
2011 Oct 20, Italian energy
giant ENI announced a giant natural gas discovery off the coast of
Mozambique, which could be the largest in company's history.
2011 Oct 26, More than 700
Mozambican civil war veterans and their families gathered in Maputo
during a 2nd day of protests to demand pensions from the government.
None of the 70,000 fighters from the 16-year civil war between the
Frelimo government forces and Renamo rebel group currently receive
pensions, while veterans from the country's liberation war against
colonial power Portugal do get money from the state.
2011 Nov 2, Mozambique state
media said lynch mobs killed two people over the weekend accused of
being witches. Police reportedly arrested six people for the
2011 Nov 22, A survey of some
6,000 people over the last 12 months in Democratic Republic of
Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe
said police are the most corrupt institution in the six countries.
2011 SABMiller launched the
world’s first commercially produced cassava beer. It was brewed in
(Econ, 3/24/12, p.67)
2012 Jan 15, Tropical Storm
Dando hit Mozambique. 3 days of rain left 5 people dead.
2012 Jan 22, In Mozambique
storms left 12 people dead in the central province of Zambezia. Ten
deaths in southern areas had been reported earlier in the aftermath
of a tropical depression that brought fierce rains and wind last
2012 Jan 31, WFP officials said
the World Food Program (WFP) will give emergency food to more than
80,000 people in Mozambique after twin cyclones left 32 dead.
2012 Feb 1, South Africa’s
national parks agency said 3 young Mozambican poachers will spend 25
years behind bars after they were found with two fresh rhino horns
in Kruger Park.
2012 Feb 9, It was reported
that a woman (35) recently walked through a field in northern
Mozambique, near where a group of teenage boys were undergoing their
ritual circumcision into adulthood. Accusing her of trespassing on
sacred ground forbidden to women, the traditional leader meted out
his punishment: He ordered 17 of his young initiates to gang rape
her. Four of the youths were arrested.
2012 Mar 2, Mozambique's
government said it has refused to let mining giant Rio Tinto use the
Zambezi River to transport coal to the Indian Ocean for export. For
now the Sena railway line to Beira in the center of the country and
the Nacala line in the north were the preferred export routes for
2012 Mar 8, Mozambique police
stormed a camp of about 300 armed opposition supporters in the
north, arresting 20 and wounding two in Nampula.
2012 Mar 15, Mozambique's
Cahora Bassa dam denied cutting power to Zimbabwe, which had claimed
the state-owned company had pulled the plug over unpaid bills
totaling around $75 million.
2012 Apr 18, Mozambique
state-run newspaper Noticias reported that rampaging elephants are
terrorizing villages near the Zimbabwe border, attacking people,
trampling crops and scaring children.
2012 May 12, The presidents of
Mozambique and Malawi signed an electricity agreement in Maputo in a
first step to restore troubled relations between the two southern
2012 May 30, Mozambican police
arrested a Vietnamese man at the main airport in Maputo as he tried
to smuggle rhino horns out of the country. Doan Minh (41) had
already made it past airport security screening when he was caught.
2012 Jun, In Mozambique Danish
biotech giant Novozymes led a scheme under the Cleanstar name
whereby Mozambican farmers sell surplus cassava that is converted to
ethanol at a new facility near the central port city of Beira. The
fuel is then shipped to Maputo, where Cleanstar sells new gas
operated stoves. Some 200 stoves were sold in the first month and
another 3,000 were on order.
2012 Jul 21, Mozambique
launched a Brazilian funded pharmaceutical plant that will make
anti-retroviral drugs to battle the HIV/AIDS scourge in the southern
African country. The plant will initially package drugs from Brazil
but start producing the pills by the end of the year.
2012 Jul 31, Malawi vowed to
press on with oil and gas exploration on Lake Malawi, dismissing a
demand by Tanzania, which claims half of the lake, to halt
prospecting. Mozambique also owns part of the lake.
2012 Aug 18, In Mozambique
Southern African leaders slammed Rwanda for supporting rebels in the
Democratic Republic of Congo as a threat to regional stability and
urged Kigali to immediately stop its "interference." The Southern
African Development Community (SADC) mandated a mission to Rwanda to
urge them to stop support for the M23.
2012 Aug 31, Mozambican police
killed Orquilio Nhassengo, the suspected kingpin of a kidnapping
ring that has targeted wealthy Muslims in Maputo, during a raid in
which six were also arrested.
2012 Nov 15, In Mozambique
youths in Maputo burned tires and attacked motorists over hikes in
2012 Nov 18, In Mozambique
pilots and crew members at the national airline went on strike,
grounding the carrier.
2012 Dec 21, In Mozambique 14
people died when a tire burst on a speeding minibus, causing the
driver to lose control and collide with an oncoming vehicle.
2012 Mozambique ranked 184 out
of 187 on the UN’s Human Development Index.
(Economist, 9/29/12, p.54)
Subject = Mozambique
End of file.