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The area of Oman is 82,031 sq mls. (This includes a small area on the strait of Hormuz). The capital is Muscat and two religions are practiced: Ibadhi and Sunni Muslim. The Bedouin converse in the Harsusi language.
(NG, 5/95, p.120)(SFC, 5/9/96, p.A-14)
6,000BCE Ash from ancient campfires of this time were found in Muscat in 1983.
(AM, May/Jun 97 p.48)
5,000BCE Shell and fishbone middens indicated a fishing village of this time at Ras al Hamra in
(AM, May/Jun 97 p.48)
4500BCE Northern Oman has a ceramic tradition back to this time.
(AM, May/Jun 97
2500-2000 The Magan-period of Oman. Numerous slag heaps and third millennium remains from mining and smelting have been found at the oasis village of Maysar in central-eastern Oman. Magan supplied copper ingots to the seafaring merchants of southern
(AM, May/Jun 97 p.49)(Arch, 9/00, p.48)
2500-1300 In the Dhofar region of Oman, a fortress was built at Shisur next to a permanent spring and used up to 1500AD.
(AM, May/Jun 97 p.52)
2300BCE Sumerian cuneiform texts mention the land of Magan (possibly Oman) as a source of copper and diorite for the states of Mesopotamia.
(AM, May/Jun 97
2291BC-2254BC Naram-Sin ruled Akkad. He defeated a rebel coalition in Sumer and re-established Akkadian power. He re-conquered Syria, Lebanon, and the Taurus mountains, destroying Aleppo and Mari in the process. During his reign the Gutians sacked the city of Agade and
eventually destroyed all of Sumer (southern Iraq). During his reign Naram-Sin campaigned against the region of Magan (Oman).
2254BC-2230BC Shar-Kali-Sharri, son of Naram-Sin, ruled Akkad. He
fought to preserve the realm but it disintegrated under rebellion and invasion.
2113BCE Ur's golden century began when King Ur-Nammu expanded the Sumerian empire and made his capital the
wealthiest city in Mesopotamia. Ur-Namma was the founder of the Third Dynasty of Ur. He made sure Magan (Oman) boats could freely come and go from Ur’s harbor.
(AP, 4/15/03)(Arch, 9/00, p.46)
Shulgi, king of Ur, accepted gold from the king of Magan (Oman).
(Arch, 9/00, p.47)
2000-1600 A transitional culture known as early Wadi Suq.
1600-1300 A transitional culture known as late Wadi Suq.
(AM, May/Jun 97 p.49)
Omani Iron Age.
(AM, May/Jun 97 p.49)
1,000BCE Evidence from Maysar indicated that the building of irrigation systems known as falaj were probably introduced by the Persians about this time or even
(AM, May/Jun 97 p.49)
300BCE-500AD The classical period in Oman.
A finely burnished red pottery was introduced by the Parthians in northern Oman.
(AM, May/Jun 97 p.53)
150BCE-200AD In Oman triliths, small, 3-stone monuments, were set in rows in
the Mahra tribal territory. Many were inscribed with an undeciphered south Arabic script. The Mahra and Shahra are Semitic, non-Arabic speaking tribes in the Dhofar Mountains that even today control much of the frankincense region.
(AM, May/Jun 97 p.53)
xxxx The Omani epic Kashf al-Gumma refers to a people of Ad in Dhofar and describes their involvement in the incense trade.
(AM, May/Jun 97 p.)
632-661 The Rashidun Caliphate, also known as the Rightly Guided Caliphate, comprising the first four caliphs in Islam's history, was founded after Muhammad's death. At its height, the Caliphate extended from the Arabian Peninsula, to the Levant, Caucasus and North Africa in the west, to the Iranian highlands and Central Asia in the east. It was the one of the largest empires in
history up until that time.
1500-1700 Lamu Island, off the coast of Kenya, was dominated by the Portuguese after which the Sultan of Oman made it part of his
(SSFC, 4/15/01, p.T6)
1507-1650AD The country’s littoral was dominated by Portuguese adventurers who constructed forts at Mirani and Jalali.
1508 Alfonso d’Albuquerque, Portuguese navigator, conquered Muscat.
(AM, May/Jun 97 p.53)
1515 Afonso d’Albuquerque, Viceroy of the Portuguese Indies, captured Hormuz (Ormuz) and forced all other traders to round the Cape of Good Hope. This established Portugal’s supremacy in trade with the Far East. Hormuz is the strait between Iran and Trucial Oman.
(TL-MB, p.11)(WUD, 1994,
1650 Portuguese rule ended in Oman.
(SSFC, 3/30/08, p.E4)
1670-1680 The Nizwa
Fort was built 100 miles southwest of Muscat.
(AM, May/Jun 97 p.46)
1700 The Portuguese built the Old Fort in Stone Town, Zanzibar, to defend against the sultan of
(SFEC, 4/23/00, p.T6)
1810 Lamu Fort was built on Lamu Island.
1815 Britain took action against pirate sheikhs protected by the Wahabis, later rulers of Saudi Arabia, because ships of the East India Company were attacked in int’l. waters. Britain allied with the ruler of Muscat and Oman and Mohamed Ali of
(WSJ, 10/9/01, p.A22)
1834 Pres. Jackson had special 1804 silver dollars minted for the sultan of Muscat (later Oman) and the King of Siam (later Thailand) for trade treaties negotiated by
(SFEC, 8/8/99, p.A6)
1840 Zanzibar became the capital of Oman and the sultan ruled from Stone Town.
1870-1888 The Omani Sultan Barghash ruled in Zanzibar.
(SFEC, 4/23/00, p.T7)
The British forced the abolition of slavery on the new Sultan of Zanzibar.
(SSFC, 4/15/01, p.T7)
1957 The book “The Sultan in Oman” by Jan Morris (b.1926), British travel writer, was published. It was
set in 1955 and described the Sultan’s traveling party after a brief war.
1967 This year marks the beginning of oil production in
(NG, 5/95, p.120)
1970 Jul 23, Sultan Qaboos bin Said al Said deposed his father, Sultan Said bin Taimur, and took over rule in Oman. Sultan Qaboos sent his father to exile in London’s Dorchester
(NG, 5/95, p.120)(AP internet 7/23/97)(WSJ, 12/14/01, p.A1)
1981 May 25, Sheik Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan (1918-2004), United Arab Emirates President, urged in 5 other Arab monarchies (Bahrain,
Kuwait, Oman, Qatar and Saudi Arabia) to form the Gulf Cooperation Council. The unified economic agreement between the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council was signed on 11 November 1981 in Riyadh.
(Econ, 11/20/04, p.90)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gulf_Cooperation_Council)
1981 Oman established an elected State Consultative Council with an advisory role to the ruler. The elected Consultation / Shura Council (Majlis A'Shura) was established in 1991 and evolved from the State Consultative Council.
1982 In Oman efforts to breed captive oryx and release them back into the Arabian Peninsula, the only place this species is found, began, a decade after the last one was apparently shot in the wild. By 2011 about 1,000 of
the wild Arabian or White Oryx thrived owing to nearly three decades of successful breeding.
1984 Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) members (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar and Saudi Arabia,
UAR) agreed on the creation of a two-brigade (10,000 troops) Peninsula Shield Force, based in Saudi Arabia near the Kuwaiti and Iraqi borders.
space shuttle Challenger turned up images of what was thought to be the “lost city of Ubar.”
(SFEC, 7/5/98, p.A10)
1986 Oman’s first university, the Sultan Qaboos University,
(SFC, 5/9/96, p.A-14)(SSFC, 3/30/08, p.E4)
1986 Sultan Qaboos bin Said al Said began to develop his own home-grown classical orchestra.
(WSJ, 12/14/01, p.A6)
1996 Jun3, The German electronics group, Siemans AG, was given a contract to install a mobile telephone network for $21.5 mil. to be completed by 1997.
8/8/95, p. B6D)
1996 The basic law of Oman was adopted stipulating that the ruling family meets in the case of a vacuum in power to choose a successor to the sultan within three days.
1996 The population of Oman was about 2 million.
(NG, 5/95, p.120)
1997 Sep 15, In Oman a US Navy F/A-18
crashed and the pilot was killed.
(WSJ, 9/16/97, p.A1)
2000 Sep, Millions of dead fish washed ashore from the Gulf of Oman 50 miles northwest of Muscat. It was the 2nd kill within a week and
authorities suspected oxygen depletion by phytoplankton as the cause.
(SFC, 9/9/00, p.A22)
2000 Dec 31, Six Persian Gulf nations (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab
Emirates) signed a regional defense pact.
(SFC, 1/1/01, p.A10)
2001 Jan, Geologist Marc Hauser found a meteorite from Mars in the Oman desert. It was named Sayh al Uhaymir 094 for the region where it
(SFC, 6/16/01, p.A2)
2001 Sep 23, The 6-member Persian “Gulf Cooperation Council” (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, UAR) met in Jidda and pledged support for an int’l. coalition
(SFC, 9/24/01, p.A7)
2004 Jul 17, A court in Oman convicted an American woman of murdering her husband and sentenced her to death. Rebecca Thompson, along with her 14-year-old son,
Derrick, and two Omani men, were convicted for the Jan 1 killing of Mark Thompson.
2004 Nov 15, The Bush administration announced that it intended to negotiate trade agreements with Oman
and the UAR.
(Econ, 11/20/04, p.78)
2005 May 2, An Oman state security court convicted 30 people of plotting to overthrow the sultan and install an Islamic government, but spared them the death
penalty. Another defendant was convicted of a lesser crime.
2005 Oct 5, Iran's foreign minister met with Omani officials, part of a tour of Gulf countries to win support for his
government's standoff with the West over its nuclear program.
2006 Jul, Oman and the UAE completed the delineation of their 1,000-km (625-mile) shared borders, in line with a June 2002
2006 Dec 10, The oil-rich Arab states on the Persian Gulf said that they will consider starting a joint nuclear program for peaceful purposes. The six-nation Gulf Cooperation
Council included Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Bahrain and Oman.
2007 Jun 4, Oman evacuated an island as Cyclone Gonu drew near the Persian
(WSJ, 6/5/07, p.A1)
2007 Jun 6, Cyclone Gonu battered Oman's coast on its path toward the world's most important crude oil tanker route. It waned after killing 49 in Oman and 9 people in Iran,
where severe flooding encircled over 100 villages.
(AP, 6/7/07)(WSJ, 6/9/07, p.A1)(AP, 6/10/07)
2008 Apr 14, The Olympic torch arrived in Oman amid tight security and expectations of a smooth relay on
the Middle Eastern leg of the flame's round-the-world tour.
2009 Jun 16, The US added six African countries to a blacklist of countries trafficking in people, and put US trading partner
Malaysia back on the list. Chad, Eritrea, Niger, Mauritania, Swaziland, and Zimbabwe were added to the list in the annual report. Removed from the list were Qatar, Oman, Algeria, and Moldova.
Jul, Oman’s population was estimated at 3.4 million.
(NYT 2011 Almanac, p.653)
2009 Dec 15, In Kuwait Gulf Arab nations put into force a monetary pact, moving a step closer toward
the elusive goal of a single regional currency and greater integration between the mainly oil-rich states. The announcement was made by Kuwait's finance minister came as leaders from the six-member Gulf Cooperation Council nations were wrapping up a two-day summit in which they launched a regional electricity project. The GCC groups Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, Oman and
2010 Apr 6, Somali pirates aboard the Faize Osamani tried to attack the MV Rising Sun. A hostage onboard the hijacked Indian cargo dhow drowned after the ship was used to attack
another vessel and navies intervened. A warship from Oman arrived and 9 hostages jumped overboard to try to swim away from the pirates. One drowned and the other 8 were rescued. The US destroyer USS McFaul arrived on the scene after the Omani forces and helped persuade the ten pirates to surrender, which they did after throwing their weapons
2010 Jun 6, In Pakistan heavy rains and winds lashed the port city of Karachi as Cyclone Phet swirled along the coastline after claiming the lives of 15 people in
2010 Jul 28, In the waters off Oman an explosion damaged an oil tanker carrying 270,000 tons of oil, near the mouth of the Persian Gulf. Mitsui O.S.K. Lines said the blast on its
tanker M. Star caused one minor injury but did not cause an oil leak. Officials said the damage was caused by a freak wave. Japan's ministry said "A crew member saw light on the horizon just before the explosion, so (Mitsui O.S.K.) believes there is a possibility it was caused by an outside attack.” On Aug 4 an obscure al-Qaida-linked group said one of its suicide bombers attacked the
Japanese oil tanker, a claim that, if true, would be the first time the terror network has attacked the Japanese. On Aug 6 the Emirates' WAM news agency quoted an unnamed government official as saying the investigation revealed traces of homemade explosives on the hull of the tanker.
(AP, 7/28/10)(Reuters, 7/28/10)(AP, 8/4/10)(AP,
2010 Dec 7, Leaders of six US-allied Gulf Arab nations, the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), said they were monitoring with "utmost concern" developments in Iran's disputed nuclear program and issued a thinly veiled warning to their Persian neighbor not to
meddle in their internal affairs. The 2-day gathering of leaders from the Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain and Oman followed the publication of leaked US diplomatic memos that revealed deeper concern among Gulf Arab leaders over Tehran's nuclear program than had previously been known.
2011 Jan 30, Oman said it has dismantled an Emirati spy ring that was targeting the government and the military in the Gulf sultanate. An official the cell was uncovered five months ago, before it was watched and dismantled by Omani security
2011 Feb 26, Oman's ruler, Sultan Qaboos bin Said, replaced six Cabinet members in a bid to defuse tensions in the country.
2011 Feb 27, Omani security forces fired tear gas and rubber bullets at protesters demanding better salaries and measures to curb corruption. At least one person was killed in Sohar. Sultan Qaboos bin Said ordered 50,000 new state
positions and a monthly stipend of 150 rials ($390) for job seekers.
(AFP, 2/27/11)(AP, 2/28/11)
2011 Feb 28, In Oman protesters set a supermarket ablaze and rallied at two places in the seaside town
of Sohar in a third consecutive day of unrest that has included deadly clashes in the strategic Gulf nation. Police did not respond to today's protest.
2011 Mar 1, Oman deployed troops
north of the capital Muscat and near the border with the United Arab Emirates, following three straight days of anti-government protests.
2011 Mar 4, Oman said it has reconciled with the
United Arab Emirates after Kuwaiti mediation succeeded in resolving tensions over an alleged spy ring.
2011 Mar 5, Oman's ruler replaced three top government officials, a second major
shakeup that was celebrated by some protesters but failed to quell more than a week of widening demonstrations. Workers staged a sit-in at a main oil field in Haima, about 300 miles (500 km) southwest of the capital Muscat, demanding more state investments in the area.
2011 Mar 8, In Oman more than 150 protesters rallied peacefully outside the state television headquarters in the capital Muscat to call for greater press freedoms.
2011 Mar 13, Oman's ruler granted lawmaking powers to officials outside the royal family in the boldest reforms yet aimed at quelling protests for jobs and a greater public role in politics.
2011 Mar 15, In Oman Sheik Ahmed bin Hamad al-Khalili, highest religious authority in the Persian Gulf kingdom, called for a nationwide alcohol ban and strict monitoring of health clubs in this Muslim country. Al-Khalili told state television that "drunk
people are unproductive people who sink into vice."
2011 Mar 16, In Oman about 300 security guards demonstrated in the capital Muscat, calling for better wages and weekends off. They
blocked traffic on a downtown street before the inspector general for police and customs addressed them, saying he would study their demands.
2011 Mar 29, Oman said it has detained
several anti-government activists who took part in protests that started last month in the northern industrial city of Sohar.
2011 Apr 2, In Oman dozens of protesters staged a sit-in in
Muscat to demand probes into alleged state abuses after clashes with security forces in Sohar left at least one person dead and sharply boosted tensions in the strategic Gulf nation.
Apr 3, Omani authorities said they have released 57 people arrested in crackdowns against pro-reform protesters.
2011 May 10, The Gulf Co-operation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, Oman,
Saudi Arabia, UAE) said it welcomed Jordan’s request to join the 6-member group. Jordan had first applied for membership in the mid-1980s. The GCC said it would encourage Morocco to also join.
(Econ, 5/21/11, p.54)(http://abcnews.go.com/Business/wireStory?id=13586238)
2011 Jun 28, Judicial authorities in Oman said 15 protesters have been sentenced to jail terms for taking part in violent demonstrations calling for more jobs and other reforms.
2011 Sep 21, A court in Oman ordered the one-month long closure of the prominent Azzaman newspaper and sentenced two of its editors to jail after the country's justice minister accused them of slander. Editor Ibrahim al-Maamary and managing editor Yussuf al-Haj were each sentenced to five months in prison for
"insulting" Justice Minister Mohamed al-Hanai in the May articles, which cited claims of embezzlement, graft and other abuses within the ministry.
(AP, 9/21/11)(AFP, 1/1/12)
2011 Sep 21, Americans Shane Bauer and Josh Fattal, jailed in Iran as
spies, were released from Tehran's Evin prison after more than two years in custody. A $1 million bail, $500,000 for each one, was posted by Oman.
2011 Oct 12, Oman’s Sultan Qaboos,
himself a music enthusiast, officially opened the Royal Opera House of Oman, the first of its kind in the Arabian Peninsula.
2011 Oct 15, In Oman more than 1,300 candidates, including
77 women, sought seats on the 84-member Shura Council, a decade-old body that has no direct authority but advises the ruling sultan. Only a single woman was elected to the nation's top advisory council despite a push by female candidates that followed pro-reform unrest in the Arabian peninsula nation.
2011 Oct 19, Oman published royal decrees that widen the powers of an 84-seat council that previously had only an advisory role. The members of the Shura Council can now take part in proposing laws to Oman's ruler and can also suggest changes in government
2011 Nov 6, Oman state media reported that 4 crewmen died and five are still missing after an Indian ship sank in bad weather off its
2012 Jan 1, Omani newspaper Azzaman said it would appeal in the high court the five-month jail sentences handed to two of its staff for insulting the justice
(AFP, 1/1/12) Go to http://www.timelinesdb.com
Subject = Oman
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