1542 150 Spanish colonists
settled Asuncion, capital of Paraguay.
1811 Aug 14, Paraguay declared
independence from Spain.
(PC, 1992, p.373)
1859 The US was party to a
Friendship, Commerce and Navigation Treaty [with Paraguay]. The
treaty was cited in 1998 (along with the 1963 Vienna
Convention) as protecting the right of individuals jailed in a
foreign land to contact their national consulate.
(SFC, 4/14/98, p.A3)
1862 Francisco Solano Lopez
(c1826-1870) became president of Paraguay following the death of his
father, Carlos Antonio Lopez..
1864 Brazil under Emperor Pedro
II invaded Uruguay. In response Paraguay’s Pres. Francisco Solano
Lopez attacked Brazil’s province of Matto Grosso.
(Econ, 12/22/12, p.46)
1865-1870 South America’s War of the Triple
Alliance saw Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay aligned against Paraguay.
The Triple Alliance believed Paraguay was undermining the region’s
political stability. The war ended in crushing defeat of Paraguay
with as much as 90% of its adult male population killed.
(WSJ, 4/10/00, p.A1)(Econ, 12/22/12, p.45)
1866 Mar 1, Paraguayan canoes
sank 2 Brazilian ironclads on Rio Parana.
1869 Aug 12, In
Piribebuy, Paraguay, 1,600 poorly armed men, many of them mere
children, spent 5 hours resisting the assault of 20,000 allied
Brazilian, Argentine and Uruguayan forces intent on conquest, before
finally being overwhelmed. At the end of the battle, in which the
Hospital de Sangre was burnt down, along with all the wounded
inside, many prisoners were decapitated.
1869 Paraguay’s army
surrendered to the Triple Alliance of Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay.
Pres. Lopez refused to surrender.
(Econ, 12/22/12, p.46)
1870 Mar 1, Francisco S. Lopez
(43), President of Paraguay (1862-70), was killed in the War of the
Triple alliance. The Brazilian army had cornered him at Cerro Cora.
A rough post-war census counted just 29,000 males over the age of 15
left in Paraguay.
1878 Nov 12, US Pres.
Rutherford B. Hayes was called upon to arbitrate a dispute between
Paraguay and Argentina over the Chaco grasslands, a land area about
the size of Colorado. He ruled in favor of Paraguay and became a
(WSJ, 4/10/00, p.A1,20)
1886 A handful of German
families, led by Elisabeth Nietzsche-Foerster (1935), founded the
Aryan colony Nueva Germania in the jungles of Paraguay. The idea had
been originally suggested by composer Richard Wagner in 1880. The
colony fell apart in 1893 and Elisabeth Nietzsche-Foerster,
described by her brother, Friedrich Nietzsche (d.1900), as a
“vengeful anti-Semitic goose," returned to Germany where she edited
and promoted the work of her brother.
(SSFC, 3/13/05, p.C6)
1912 Nov 3, Alfredo Stroessner
(d.2006), dictator of Paraguay (1954-89), was born.
(SFC, 8/17/06, p.A10)
1928 Dec 5, Paraguay initiated
a series of clashes, which led to full-scale war with Bolivia in
spite of inter-American arbitration efforts. Both belligerents moved
more troops into the Chaco Boreal, a wilderness region north of the
Pilcomayo River and west of the Paraguay River that forms part of
the Gran Chaco. By 1932 war was definitely under way.
1932-1935 The Chaco War was fought between
Paraguay and Bolivia. The war was waged over disputed territory in
the Chaco Boreal, a plain shared by both South American countries.
Although outnumbered and poorly equipped, the Paraguayan army won
every major engagement with the Bolivians. Some 90,000 people were
killed in the war. A commission of neutral nations awarded most of
the disputed territory to Paraguay in 1938.
(HNQ, 7/18/98)(SFC, 8/17/06, p.A10)
1933 May 10, Paraguay declared
war on Bolivia.
1933 Dec 11, Reports said
Paraguay had captured 11,000 Bolivians in the war over Chaco.
1935 Jun 14, A commission of
neutral nations (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Peru, and the
United States) declared an armistice in the Chaco War between
Bolivia and Paraguay. A definite settlement was finally reached in
1945 Feb 14, Peru, Paraguay,
Chile and Ecuador joined the United Nations.
1947 The Colorado Party began
its rule over Paraguay.
(Econ, 1/10/04, p.31)
1947 In Paraguay a failed
military insurrection left some 8,000 people dead.
1948 Alfredo Stroessner was
exiled by Paraguay dictator Higinio Morinigo, who was soon toppled
by other military officers. Stroessner returned.
(SFC, 8/17/06, p.A10)
1951 May 30, Fernando Lugo,
elected president of Paraguay in 2008, was born in a village of the
San Pedro del parana district.
1951 Alfredo Stroessner was
chosen to head the army of Paraguay.
(SFC, 8/17/06, p.A10)
1954 May 5, There was a
military coup by General Alfredo Stroessner in Paraguay. Thomas
Romero Pereira came to power in a military coup that lasted for
three days. He is best known for giving up power three months later
to Alfredo Stroessner who then became the dictator of Paraguay for
1954 Aug 15, Alfredo Stroessner
(b.1912) named himself president of Paraguay. This ended a 27-year
chaotic period in which 22 presidents came and went.
(SFC, 8/17/06, p.A10)
1957 Paraguay began receiving
economic support from Taiwan in exchange for supporting Taiwan at
1959 May 30,
President-Generalissimo Alfredo Stroessner disbanded Paraguay's
parliament and established a dictatorship. Josef Mengele became a
citizen of Paraguay.
1962 Dec, In Paraguay army
captain Napoleon Ortigoza was imprisoned by Alfredo Stroessner's
security apparatus on charges of conspiring to topple the right-wing
military strongman. He spent the first 18 years of confinement
chained in a police holding cell and later escaped house arrest and
made his way to the Colombian embassy.
1964 Sep 16-1964 Oct 20, French
Pres. Charles de Gaulle visited South America with stops in
Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile, Argentina,
Paraguay, Uruguay and Brazil. He was the 1st head of state from
outside Latin America to visit Paraguay.
(http://gaullisme.free.fr/GEChronologie.htm)(Econ, 10/1/05, p.36)
1967 Aug 25, Paraguay
accepted its constitution.
1968 Mar 20, Pres. Lyndon
Johnson held talks with Paraguay’s Pres.-Gen. Alfredo Stroessner in
1973 Paraguay’s Pres.
Stroessner led a $20 billion joint venture with Brazil to build
Itaipu, at this time the world’s largest hydroelectric dam.
(SFC, 8/17/06, p.A10)
1974 Augusto Roa Bastos
(1917-2005), Paraguay writer, authored “Yo, el Supremo" (I, the
1976 Gen’l. Juan Jose Torres,
ousted as president of Bolivia in 1971, was kidnapped by a death
squad in Argentina and killed. He was a victim of the Condor Plan, a
South American military pact between Argentina, Brazil, Bolivia,
Chile and Paraguay to exchange intelligence information and help
each other hunt down suspected leftists.
(SFC, 11/23/99, p.A16)
1979 Apr 6, The US Alien Torts
Claims Act (ATCA) of 1789, meant to combat piracy, sprang back to
life when it was used to allow two Paraguayans to sue a former
Paraguayan policeman in an American court for acts of torture
committed in Paraguay.
(Econ, 10/6/12, p.34)(Econ, 4/20/13, p.34)
1980 Sep 17, Former Nicaraguan
president Anastasio Somoza was assassinated in Paraguay. Enrique
Gorriaran Merlo, Argentine super-guerilla, claimed responsibility.
Merlo was captured in Mexico in 10/95 and extradited to Argentina
where he had multiple charges against him.
(AP, 9/17/97)(WSJ, 4/25/96, p.A-1)
1985 Auguste Ricord, French
heroin kingpin, died in Paraguay.
(SFC, 8/17/06, p.A10)
1987 Pres. Alfredo Stroessner
lifted the state of siege in Asuncion, Paraguay.
(SFC, 8/17/06, p.A10)
1988 Feb 14, Alfredo Stroessner
was re-elected president of Paraguay.
1989 Feb 3, Gen’l. Andres
Rodriguez (d.1997 at 73) staged a coup to oust Gen’l. Alfredo
Stroessner. Stroessner, president of Paraguay for more than three
decades, was overthrown in the military coup. Some 300 people were
killed. Col. Lino Oviedo (1943-2013) led the army unit that captured
(SFC, 4/22/97, p.A3)(AP, 2/3/99)(SFC, 8/17/06,
p.A10)(Econ, 2/9/13, p.38)
1989 May, In the first free
presidential elections in 35 years Andres Rodriguez was elected
(SFC, 4/22/97, p.A15)
1989 In Paraguay Horacio Cartes
spent time in jail on suspicion of currency fraud. In 2013 Cartes
was elected president.
(Econ, 4/27/13, p.35)
1991 Mar 26, The Treaty of
Asuncion established the southern common market: (Mercado Comun del
Sur) Mercosur, between Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and
Uruguay. They were later joined by associate members Chile (1996),
Bolivia (1997), Peru (2001) and Venezuela (2004). Mexico was granted
observer status in 2004.
1991 Dec 1, In Paraguay the
Colorado party won parliamentary elections.
1992 Paraguayan secret police
archives first revealed the 1976 Condor Plan.
(SFC, 11/23/99, p.A16)
1993 May 9, Paraguay held its
1st presidential and parliamentary elections in 50 years. A
democracy was established in Paraguay. Juan Carlos Wasmosy was
(WSJ, 4/24/96, A1)(MC, 5/9/02)
1996 Feb 4, Twenty-four people
were killed when a Colombian cargo plane in Paraguay caught fire
shortly after takeoff and crashed into a suburban neighborhood.
1996 Apr 22, In Paraguay
General Lino Oviedo was fired for insubordination by Pres. Juan
Carlos Wasmosy. Oviedo defied the orders of Wasmosy to abandon his
(SFC, 4/24/96, p.A10)(SFEC, 12/6/98, p.A28)
1996 Apr, Mark Jimenez,
Philippine computer businessman residing in Florida, warned the
Clinton administration of an impending military coup in Paraguay.
(WSJ, 2/20/97, p.A1)
1996 May 2, Some 20,000 workers
marched in Asuncion, Paraguay, demanding improved wages and working
conditions. Police broke up groups of strikers and detained 16 union
(SFC, 5/3/96, A-18)
1996 Argentina, Brazil and the
US acted to forestall a coup in Paraguay.
(Econ, 6/12/04, p.35)
1996 A plot to bomb the US
Embassy in Asuncion was broken up. It was planned by Marwan al
Safadi, a Lebanese national, in revenge for the arrest of Omar Abdel
(WSJ, 11/16/01, p.A10)
1997 Apr 21, Andres Rodriguez
(b.1923), Paraguayan president (1989-93), died.
1997 Oct, Lino Oviedo, a
retired army gen’l., accused Pres. Wasmosy of corruption. Wasmosy
ordered his arrest, but Oviedo went into hiding for 44 days. He
turned himself in on Dec 12, and was expected to serve a 30-day
1998 Mar 9, A military tribunal
sentenced Lino Oviedo to 10 years in jail for leading an attempted
coup in 1996 and for insulting Pres. Wasmosy in 1997.
(SFC, 3/10/98, p.A9)
1998 Mar 27, Argentina, Brazil
and Paraguay signed a pact to heighten security on their triple
(SFC, 3/28/98, p.A9)
1998 Mar 27, The Supreme Court
ratified Lino Oviedo as the ruling Colorado Party’s candidate,
despite his jail sentence.
(SFC, 3/28/98, p.A9)
1998 May 10, In Paraguay the
ruling Colorado Party with Raul Cubas, initially the running mate of
Lino Oviedo, won the presidential elections with 52% of the vote.
(SFC, 5/11/98, p.A10)(SFC, 5/12/98, p.A12)
1998 Aug 15, In Paraguay Raul
Cubas Grau took the presidential oath and promised to rejuvenate the
(SFEC, 8/16/98, p.A24)
1998 Aug 18, Pres. Grau freed
Linio Oviedo, the leader of a 1996 coup attempt, and soon faced a
move by Congress for impeachment.
(WSJ, 8/21/98, p.A1)
1998 Sep 23, Transparency
Int’l, an int’l. good-government advocacy group, said that Cameroon
is viewed as the most corrupt of the 85 countries rated. Nigeria,
Tanzania, Honduras and Paraguay filled out the bottom five. Denmark,
Finland and Sweden were seen as having the cleanest political
(WSJ, 9/23/98, p.B17)(WSJ, 1/27/00, p.A1)
1998 Dec 4, Pres. Cubas decided
to ignore the Supreme Court ruling to send Lino Oviedo back to jail.
(SFEC, 12/6/98, p.A28)
1998 Dec 5, The ruling Colorado
Pary expelled former army chief Lino Oviedo and accused Pres. Raul
Cubas of defying the constitution for failing obey a Supreme Court
ruling to send Oviedo back to prison.
(SFEC, 12/6/98, p.A28)
1999 Feb 11, In Paraguay the
Congress voted to begin impeachment proceedings against Pres. Raul
Cubas for freeing Lino Oviedo.
(SFC, 2/12/99, p.A18)
1999 Mar 23, Vice President
Luis Maria Argana was shot to death in Asuncion. Paraguay later
tried without success to extradite Lino Oviedo from Argentina for
involvement in the assassination. In 2000 Fidencio Vega Barrios and
Luis Alberto Rojas were ordered to be extradited from Argentina for
their role in the killing.
(WSJ, 3/24/99, p.A1)(SFC, 9/4/99, p.A13)(WSJ,
1999 Mar 24, Legislators began
impeachment proceedings against Pres. Raul Cubas, a bitter rival of
slain vice president Argana. Meanwhile the 3rd day of a labor strike
(SFC, 3/25/99, p.A4)(SFC, 3/26/99, p.A12)
1999 Mar 27, At least 5 people
were killed and some 100 injured in Asuncion as protestors called
for the resignation of Pres. Cubas.
(SFEC, 3/28/99, p.A21)
1999 Mar 28, Pres. Raul Cubas
resigned and ended a week of political turmoil. Senator Luis
Gonzalez Macchi was sworn in as president. Gen'l. Lino Oviedo was
granted asylum in Argentina.
(SFC, 3/29/99, p.A9)(SFC, 3/30/99, p.F2)
1999 Mar 29, Paraguay's ousted
president, Raul Cubas, was given asylum by Brazil. Cubas returned to
face charges in 2002.
(WSJ, 3/30/99, p.A1)(SFC, 2/23/02, p.A12)
1999 Jul 27, It was reported
that Paraguay had raised $400 million through 2 bond issues arranged
by the government of Taiwan with 20-year maturities and an interest
rate of about 6.8%.
(WSJ, 7/28/99, p.A20)
1999 In Paraguay the EPP rebel
group began to operate as the armed wing of the leftist Patria Libre
party. It focused at first on bank robberies and ransom kidnappings,
and later attacked small police and military posts, making off with
weapons. It resurfaced in 2008 and 2009, kidnapping two ranchers and
receiving a total of $645,000 in ransom.
2000 Apr 16, The winners of the
Goldman Environmental Prize included: Oscar Rivas (45) and Elias
Diaz (54) of Paraguay for their work in defeating government plans
to reconfigure the Paraguay and Parana rivers for shipping at
(SFC, 4/17/00, p.A2)
2000 May 19, Pres. Luis
Gonzalez Macchi announced that an attempted coup by soldiers and
police was stopped.
(SFC, 5/20/00, p.A8)
2000 Jun 11, Gen. Lino Oviedo
of Paraguay was arrested in Foz do Iguacu.
(SFC, 6/13/00, p.A12)
2000 Sep 18, In Argentina 2
men, suspected in the assassination of Paraguayan Vice Pres. Luis
Maria Argana, escaped from jail.
(SFC, 9/19/00, p.A10)
2000 In Paraguay a plane loaded
with drugs was found on property owned by Horacio Cartes.
(Econ, 4/27/13, p.35)
2000 Rev. Sun Myung Moon’s
Unification Church of South Korea purchased a 1.48 million-acre
property in Paraguay.
(WSJ, 7/18/05, p.A10)
2001 Sep 24, It was reported
that at least 16 Syrian, Jordanian and Lebanese citizens were
arrested in Paraguay in the wake of the Sep 11 terrorist attacks in
(SFC, 9/24/01, p.B1)
2001 Nov 1, It was reported
that the tri-border area of Paraguay, Argentina and Brazil had a
long-standing presence of Islamic extremist organizations.
(SFC, 11/1/01, p.A3)
2001 Nov 28, It was reported
that Hezbollah’s TV channel, al-Manar, was one of 4 Arabic language
cable stations available in Paraguay.
(WSJ, 11/28/01, p.A10)
2001 The leftist Paraguayan
People’s Army (EPP) was founded.
(Econ, 5/15/10, p.42)
2001 In Paraguay Benigna
Leguizamon (17) was allegedly raped by Fernando Lugo, head of
diocese of San Pedro. In 2009 she said Pres. Lugo was the father of
her 6-year-old child and told Magnificat radio in Ciudad del Este
that she was a 17-year-old cleaning woman for the diocese of San
Pedro at the time of the initial rape.
2002 Feb 22, Raul Cubas, former
president, returned to Paraguay to face charges in the 1999
assassination of vice-president Luis Maria Argana.
(SFC, 2/23/02, p.A12)
2002 Jul 15, Nationwide
demonstrations in Paraguay called for the ouster of Pres. Luis
Gonzalez Macchi, who imposed a state of emergency.
(SFC, 7/16/02, p.A4)(SFC, 7/17/02, p.A9)
2002 Jul 17, In Paraguay Pres.
Macchi announced the lifting of a state of emergency following 2
days of protests over his economic policies.
(SFC, 7/18/02, p.A15)
2002 Sep 17, In Paraguay police
fired tear gas and water cannons to clear thousands of
anti-government demonstrators from the capital's main square,
injuring at least 40 protesters.
2002 Oct 16, Paraguay's vice
president Julio Cesar Franco resigned after months of political
feuding, to meet a deadline to run for the presidency.
2003 Feb 11, In Paraguay Pres.
Luis Gonzalez Macchi survived an impeachment trial as the Senate
failed to muster enough votes to strip him from power over
2003 Apr 27, In Paraguay
elections were held for a successor to Pres. Luis Gonzalez Macchi, a
former Senate leader appointed president in March 1999 after the
resignation of Raul Cubas amid a political crisis stemming from the
assassination of the country's vice president. Colorado Party leader
Nicanor Duarte (49) extended his party's 55-year grip on power,
winning a presidential election by handily defeating two challengers
seeking to tap building anger over the country's deepening economic
(AP, 4/26/03)(AP, 4/28/03)(SFC, 4/28/03, A12)
2003 Aug 15, Nicanor Duarte was
inaugurated as Paraguay's 47th president. Presidents from Colombia
and other countries in the region gave Duarte his first official
business as they signed the "Declaration of Asuncion" pledging a
political alliance in the war on drugs.
2003 Oct 13, Paraguay's
president named a new interior minister, in a change spurred by a
2004 Aug 1, In Paraguay a
fast-spreading fire killed 420 people. Survivors of the inferno in a
crowded supermarket on the outskirts of Asuncion said that locked
doors slowed their escape. In 2008 a father and son who owned the
supermarket were sentenced to prison for manslaughter and
endangerment. In 2009 Supreme Court voted 2-1 in favor of a sentence
of 12 years for Juan Pio Paiva and 10 years for his son Daniel
Paiva. In 2009 a court upheld a two-year prison sentence for
architect Bernardo Ismachowiez, designer of the supermarket.
(AP, 8/2/04)(AP, 8/6/04)(AP, 2/3/08)(AP,
2004 Sep 21, In Paraguay
Cecilia Cubas (31), the daughter of former Pres. Raul Cubas, was
kidnapped. Her body was found stuffed down a well at a house on the
outskirts of Asuncion, in February 2005.
(Econ, 10/23/04, p.36)(AP, 4/5/08)
2004 Oct 14, Thousands of
Paraguayans took to the streets to protest increasing crime, spurred
on the two high-profile kidnappings.
2004 Nov 24, Paraguayan police
captured Ivan Mezquita, a leading Brazilian drug trafficking
suspect, after a gunbattle with occupants of a cocaine-laden plane
near the border with Brazil.
2004 Nov 30, Clashes between
landless farmworkers and Paraguayan security forces left a police
officer dead and 20 other people injured in a resurgence of
2004 The Paraguayan Finance
Ministry doled out $2 million to compensate some 400 people
persecuted by the Stroessner government (1954-1989).
(SFC, 8/17/06, p.A10)
2004 Brazil’s Congress accused
Horacio Cartes of Paraguay of cigarette smuggling.
(Econ, 4/27/13, p.35)
2005 Feb 16, In Paraguay the
body of Cecilia Cubas, the kidnapped daughter of former President
Raul Cubas, was dug up from behind a house months after she was
abducted by heavily armed gunmen.
(AP, 2/17/05)(Econ, 3/12/05, p.40)
2005 Feb 23, Paraguay President
Nicanor Duarte sacked his interior minister and 31 police officers,
shaking up his security forces a week after the kidnapped daughter
of a former Paraguayan leader was found dead.
2005 Apr 26, Augusto Roa Bastos
(88), one of South America's most celebrated novelists whose
fictional writings often examined Paraguay's social and political
struggles, died. Bastos was best known for his book "I, The
Supreme," a novelized version of the career of Gaspar Rodriguez de
Francia, who ruled Paraguay with an iron fist from 1814 until 1840.
2005 Jul 17, In Paraguay some
360 villagers marched on Asuncion to lobby for the expropriation of
128,500 acres of land containing their town of Puerto Casado, owned
by Rev. Sun Myung Moon’s Unification Church. The South Korean based
church had purchased a 1.48 million-acre property in 2000.
(WSJ, 7/18/05, p.A10)
2005 Aug 17, In Paraguay US
Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld met with President Nicanor Duarte
Frutos and was meeting with Minister of Defense Roberto Gonzalez
Segovia, in part, to gauge their views on the escalating involvement
of Cuban President Fidel Castro and Venezuelan President Hugo
2005 Aug, Paraguay’s Pres.
Nicanor Duarte Frutos backed a bill to seize some land and buildings
held by Rev. Sun Myung Moon’s Unification Church.
(Econ, 8/13/05, p.32)
2005 Sep 30, South American
presidents committed themselves to establishing a continental free
trade zone. The South American summit was attended by the presidents
of Chile, Bolivia, Peru, Paraguay, Ecuador, Venezuela, Brazil and
2005 Paraguay’s population was
about 6 million.
(Econ, 10/1/05, p.36)
2006 Jan 17, Napoleon Ortigoza
(73), a former army captain who spent a third of his life in
Paraguay jail as a political prisoner, died in a hospital. Ortigoza
was imprisoned in 1962 by Alfredo Stroessner's security apparatus on
charges of conspiring to topple the right-wing military strongman.
2006 Mar 22, In Brazil the US
Embassy said agents from the US Department of Homeland Security will
soon be helping Brazil, Argentina and Paraguay combat money
laundering and terrorism financing.
2006 Aug 16, Alfredo Stroessner
(93), anti-communist dictator of Paraguay (1954-1989), died in exile
in Brazil. He used the right-wing Colorado Party to rule with a
blend of force, guile and patronage for 35 years before his ouster
in 1989. During his rule membership in the Colorado Party was
compulsory for all teachers, doctors, engineers, officers or those
who hoped for government service. Party dues was docked from
(AP, 8/16/06)(Econ, 8/26/06, p.71)
2006 Oct 2, Foreign Minster
Ruben Ramirez said that Paraguay and Washington would not renew a
defense-cooperation agreement for 2007 over the South American
country's refusal to grant US troops inside Paraguay immunity from
prosecution by the International Criminal Court.
2006 Nov 20, A Paraguayan court
dropped corruption charges against former President Luis Gonzalez
Macchi, acknowledging it had failed to meet a deadline for hearing
full testimony on accusations he maintained a secret Swiss bank
2006 Nov 26, Paraguay's Pres.
Nicanor Duarte unexpectedly fired the armed forces chief and 58
military and police officers, calling it a routine reshuffling of
the military high command and dismissing suggestions it was
2006 Dec 1, In Paraguay a court
convicted and sentenced 15 members of a radical leftist group to
prison for the 2004 kidnapping and murder of Cecilia Cubas (31), a
former president's daughter.
2006 Dec 26, The Vatican called
on retired Bishop Fernando Lugo to give up his plans to run for
Paraguay's presidency or face canonical sanctions. Lugo said he had
already resigned from the priesthood to lead a planned opposition
alliance and challenge conservative President Nicanor Duarte of the
Colorado Party in elections scheduled for May 2008.
2007 Mar 1, Paraguay declared a
state of emergency following a wave of dengue fever cases as
concerns over the mosquito-borne illness rise across Latin America.
Health officials have reported some 14,000 cases of the disease this
year, with four deaths.
2007 Mar 13, Brazil announced
that it will build a wall on a small portion of its border with
Paraguay in an effort to combat contraband and smuggling.
2007 Apr 20, In Paraguay
Japanese businessman Hirokazu Ota, the leader of Sun Myung Moon's
Unification Church in Paraguay, was freed following a 19-day
abduction and a 140,000-dollar ransom payment.
2007 May 21, Paraguayan
President Nicanor Duarte and Brazil's Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva met
in Paraguay's capital, Asuncion, and vowed to boost legitimate trade
and to strengthen cross-border cooperation in fighting smuggling in
the Triple Border.
2007 Jun 29, Mercosur, South
America’s biggest trade block (Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay,
Uruguay), held a presidential summit in Asuncion, Paraguay.
(Econ, 7/7/07, p.40)
2007 Sep 6, In Paraguay former
Gen. Lino Cesar Oviedo (67) was released from prison after serving 5
years of a 10-year sentence. He quickly declared his ambition to
govern the country.
(SFC, 9/7/07, p.A3)
2007 Sep 14, Officials in
Paraguay said fires have scorched 3 million acres and forced the
evacuation of some 15,000 people. Protracted drought was cited along
with illegal loggers, illicit hunters and clandestine marijuana
(SFC, 9/15/07, p.A3)
2007 Oct 30, Paraguay's Supreme
Court annulled the mutiny conviction of former army Gen. Lino Cesar
Oviedo, clearing the way for him to compete in April's presidential
2007 In Paraguay former Pres.
Gonzalez Macchi (1999-2003) was acquitted of illegally transferring
$16 million from Paraguay's Central Bank to a US account.
2008 Jan 21, Paraguay's ruling
party nominated Education Minister Blanca Ovelar as its presidential
candidate, a first for the South American nation, but her candidacy
of still faces a court challenge.
2008 Feb 14, Brazil flew 50,000
doses of yellow fever vaccine to Paraguay following an outbreak
there, the first in 34 years.
(SFC, 2/15/08, p.A4)
2008 Feb 28, Neil Bush, younger
brother of US President George W. Bush, called on Paraguay's Pres.
Nicanor Duarte as the guest of a business federation founded by the
Rev. Sun Myung Moon.
2008 Apr 4, Interpol issued a
"red notice" for the capture of Colombian rebel leader Rodrigo
Granda, wanted in connection with the 2004 high-profile kidnapping
and killing of Cecilia Cubas (31), the daughter of former Paraguay
Pres. Raul Cubas.
2008 Apr 17, Former Roman
Catholic Bishop Fernando Lugo asked thousands of supporters at his
final campaign rally to help him end 61 years of one-party rule in
Paraguay and to build a new nation for the poor and indigenous.
2008 Apr 20, Paraguay held
elections. The Colorado Party, in office since 1947, had the longest
current run of uninterrupted governance in Latin America. Fernando
Lugo (56), a former Roman Catholic bishop, won over Blanca Ovelar, a
protege of President Nicanor Duarte. She had sought to become
Paraguay's first woman president. 43 percent of the country's 6.5
million people lived in poverty.
(AP, 4/20/08)(AP, 4/21/08)
2008 May 23, In Brazil 12 South
American leaders gathered in Brasilia to set up the Union of South
American Nations. UNASUR was expected to replace the South American
Community, declared in 2004, and unite the Mercosur and Andean
Community free trade areas. Members included Argentina, Bolivia,
Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname,
Uruguay and Venezuela.
2008 Jun 20, Paraguayan
prisoners rioted to press a list of demands including more sex.
Inmates seized the Esperanza prison's director and other
administrators, demanding nighttime conjugal visits and an end to
mistreatment by guards.
2008 Jul 30, The papal nuncio
said Paraguay's president-elect Fernando Lugo (57) has received
unprecedented permission from the pope to resign as bishop, ending a
dispute over his priestly status.
2008 Aug 15, Leftist ex-bishop
Fernando Lugo was inaugurated as Paraguay's president, ending six
decades of one-party rule in a key step in the poor South American
nation's democratic transformation.
2008 Aug 31, Paraguay’s Pres.
Fernando Lugo said Paraguay will reverse its historic support for
Taiwan (since 1957) at the upcoming UN General Assembly, and also is
reconsidering its relations with communist regimes. In return for
Paraguay's 51 years of support, Taiwan has sent millions of dollars
to the impoverished country for low-income housing, agricultural
development and scholarships.
2008 Oct 24, In Paraguay a
small plane crashed shortly after takeoff in Asuncion, killing all
five people on board. The plane belonged to the private hospital
Asismed and was used to transport patients. Hospital President
Miguel Figueredo said the pilot had said he would be conducting a
test flight, and did not tell officials he would have passengers.
2009 Mar 6, In Paraguay about
100 women disrobed in a square in downtown Asuncion to protest
2009 Apr 8, In Paraguay lawyers
filed a paternity suit against President Fernando Lugo, alleging
that a son was born to the former Roman Catholic bishop five months
after he abandoned the church for politics.
2009 Apr 13, Paraguay’s Pres.
Fernando Lugo admitted that he is the father of a child conceived
while he was still a Catholic bishop in San Pedro.
(SFC, 4/14/09, p.A2)
2009 Apr 20, Paraguay's Pres.
Fernando Lugo (57) was hit with another paternity claim, just a week
after the former Roman Catholic bishop acknowledged fathering a
different illegitimate child while still subject to his vows of
chastity. Benigna Leguizamon, an impoverished soap-seller, said
Lugo's previous admission inspired her to go public about her
2009 Apr 24, Paraguay’s
President Fernando Lugo asked for forgiveness for a paternity
scandal in which three women claim the former Roman Catholic bishop
fathered their children. He vowed not to let the current scandal
distract his government from pressing reforms, and said he would
step down only when his term ends in 2013.
2009 Apr, Paraguay’s Pres. Lugo
signed a $30 million agreement with the US ambassador to bolster the
country’s judiciary, public administration and national police force
to help reduce endemic corruption and patronage.
(SSFC, 5/24/09, p.A9)
2009 May 1, In Paraguay Sabino
Montanaro (86), who served as interior minister under ex-dictator
Alfredo Stroessner, arrived in Asuncion after nearly two decades of
self-imposed exile in Honduras. He faced six pending trials for the
disappearance and killings of government opponents in the 1970s and
2009 May 20, Paraguay President
Fernando Lugo dismissed the heads of his army, navy and engineering
corps for allowing nearly 1,000 Marxist youth to host a congress on
2009 Jul 25, Brazil agreed to
triple its compensation to Paraguay to operate the huge Itaipu
hydroelectric dam on their shared border, ending a decades-long
dispute between the neighbors. President Fernando Lugo persuaded
Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva to sign a deal
tripling Brazil's payments from $120 million to $360 million a year.
On Apr 6, 2011, Brazil's lower house of Congress finally approved
(AFP, 7/25/09)(AP, 4/21/11)
2009 Aug 6, In Paraguay Social
Development Minister Pablino Caceres said he would meet with a 6
protesters who have hammered long nails through their hands and tied
themselves to crosses or laid in coffins in an appeal for land.
2009 Sep 29, Paraguay's
interior minister Rafael Filizzola said 3 police chiefs imprisoned
for torture have finally have been fired after collecting their
salaries from behind bars since 1995. Filizzola called it
unfortunate that convicts Camilo Almada Morel, Lucilo Benitez and
Juan Martinez were able to collect pay for so long.
(AP, 9/29/09)(SFC, 9/30/09, p.A2)
2009 Oct 14, In Paraguay human
rights activists gained access to a dictatorship-era military
archive that appears to contain long-held secrets about Paraguay's
persecution of opponents during Alfredo Stroessner's 1954-1989 rule.
2009 Oct 15, In Paraguay Fidel
Zavala, a wealthy rancher, was kidnapped by the guerrilla group,
known as the EPP for its initials in Spanish. It soon demanded $5
million for his release, purportedly to finance what the band calls
a revolutionary movement for the poor. Zavala was released following
a ransom payment after 94 days.
(AP, 1/12/10)(Econ, 5/15/10, p.42)
2009 Oct 20, Representatives of
Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay announced a joint plan in Buenos
Aires to establish protected zones to halt deforestation in their
countries by 2020.
(SFC, 10/21/09, p.A2)
2009 Nov 4, Paraguay President
Fernando Lugo fired his military chiefs, a day after denying he had
worries about a coup amid calls for his impeachment. Hortensia
Damiana Moran (40), a religious activist who worked on President
Fernando Lugo's election campaign, filed a petition asking a judge
to order a DNA test to prove Pres. Lugo is the father of her son
Juan Pablo. She became the third woman to file a paternity claim
against Paraguay's Roman Catholic bishop-turned- president.
(AP, 11/4/09)(AP, 11/5/09)
2009 Nov 15, In Paraguay 1,200
people escaped a fire that destroyed a supermarket on the o utskirts
of Asuncion, killing two people.
2009 Dec 10, In Paraguay an
appeals court overturned the corruption conviction and prison
sentence for former president Luis Gonzalez Macchi, drawing
criticism from the current government. Macchi had been sentenced to
eight years in prison for stashing $370,000 in a secret Swiss bank
account during his term.
2009 Dec 16, In Paraguay
President Fernando Lugo’s lawyer said Lugo has agreed to take a DNA
test following a judicial request presented by Hortensia Damiana
Moran (40), the third woman to claim he fathered her child.
2010 Apr 21, In Paraguay an
attack by suspected leftist guerrillas killed a police officer and
three laborers at a farm. Deputy Interior Minister Carmelo Caballero
blamed the attack on the Paraguayan People's Army, a leftist group
that has been linked to bank robberies and kidnappings in the past
decade. He said guerrillas apparently were trying to steal animals.
2010 Apr 24, Paraguay lawmakers
gave Pres. Fernando Lugo and the army emergency powers resembling
martial law to pursue a guerrilla group known for its kidnappings in
the north of the country.
2010 May 3, Paraguay’s Pres.
Fernando Lugo and Brazilian President Luis Inacio Lula Da Silva met
under a heavy police presence in a rough outpost called Pedro Juan
Caballero on the Paraguayan side and Ponta Pora in Brazil in a joint
effort to fight to drug-trafficking. Lugo's ministers were
frustrated by the Paraguayan Senate's vote last week to delay until
2013 a personal income tax that would generate nearly $37 million a
year that Lugo desperately needs to fund troops and provisions of
martial law he has declared across five states in pursuit of the
2010 Jun 15, Interpol said it
has arrested Moussa Hamdan (38), a Lebanese national suspected of
funneling money to the Shiite militant group Hezbollah, in Paraguay
in the tri-border area with Argentina and Brazil.
2010 Jun 17, In Paraguay two
police officers were killed in a confrontation with a guerrilla
group in the north of the country. The clash involved five or six
members of the Paraguayan People's Army. At least one guerrilla was
wounded after the confrontation with a team of about 50 special
2010 Aug 9, In Paraguay a
presidential doctor said that Fernando Lugo's lymphatic cancer is
more advanced than initially thought, but the chemotherapy he will
undergo should not affect his ability to do his job.
2010 May 6, In Paraguay Jesus
Ortiz, alleged EPP logistics coordinator, was captured.
(Econ, 5/15/10, p.42)
2010 Oct 6, Paraguayan
President Fernando Lugo returned home and resumed his office after
undergoing treatment in Brazil for a blood clot that doctors say
resulted from chemotherapy for cancer.
2010 A leaked American embassy
cable accused Horacio Cartes of Paraguay of laundering drug money.
(Econ, 4/27/13, p.35)
2011 Jan 16, In Paraguay a bomb
injured five people just before midnight in the third bombing in a
week. It raised alarm about increasing activity by the self-styled
Paraguayan People's Army. The leftist guerrilla group EPP soon
2011 Jan 18, Paraguay granted
political refugee status to Mario Cossio, a key opponent of
Bolivia's leftist President Evo Morales, sheltering him from
corruption charges across the border. Cossio fled Bolivia last month
after provincial lawmakers allied with Morales ousted him as
governor of the natural gas-rich state of Tarija due to charges of
dereliction of duty and causing economic damage.
2011 May 8, It was reported
that Paraguay’s national bank planned to drop 3 zeroes from its
currency, the guarani, this year and rename it the new guarani.
Exchange of old notes would continue to 2014.
(SSFC, 5/8/11, p.C3)
2011 Jul 15, A former military
doctor was extradited from Paraguay to Argentina to face charges
that include stealing babies from political prisoners during
Argentina's dictatorship. Dr. Norberto Atilo Bianco allegedly helped
run a clandestine maternity ward inside the epidemiology section of
the Argentine army's Campo de Mayo military hospital in 1977 and
2011 Sep 10, In Paraguay Sabino
Montanaro (89), a former interior minister known as the "cruel right
hand" of the late dictator Alfredo Stroessner, died at his home in
2011 Oct 9, Paraguay held a
constitutional referendum on whether citizens living in Argentina,
Spain, the U.S. and elsewhere outside the country can vote. The
measure was supported by nearly 78% of the ballots counted.
2011 Oct 19, Brazil’s most
wanted druglord, Alexander Mendes da Silva, was arrested in the
Paraguayan city of Pedro Juan Caballero.
2011 Nov 28, In Paraguay
Marciano Villagra (93), former leader of Paraguay Communist Party
guerrillas in various actions, died. He led the brief takeover of
the town of Piribebuy in 1947 and went into hiding after Gen.
Alfredo Stroessner took power in 1954.
2011 Dec 7, The US government
said it is giving Paraguay more than $1 million in equipment and
training to help it combat a small guerrilla band in the north of
2012 Jun 5, Paraguay’s Pres.
Fernando Lugo (61) recognized a 2nd love-child, a 10-year-old boy
born to Narcisa de la Cruz de Zarate, a nurse in a northern state.
(SFC, 6/6/12, p.A2)
2012 Jun 15, Paraguay deployed
its army to resolve a violent land dispute in a remote northern
forest reserve after 17 people were killed in gunbattles between
police and landless farmers. The violence broke out as police tried
to evict about 150 farmers from the reserve, which is part of a huge
estate owned by Blas Riquelme, a Colorado Party politician opposed
to Pres. Lugo.
2012 Jun 21, Paraguay’s lower
house voted 76-1 to impeach President Fernando Lugo for his role in
a deadly clash involving landless farmers. Hours later the Senate
announced that it will begin his trial on June 22.
2012 Jun 22, In Paraguay 39
senators voted to dismiss Pres. Fernando Lugo after a five-hour
trial, while four senators voted against and two were absent. Lugo,
a former Roman Catholic bishop elected on a pledge to help the poor,
said he would step aside following the Senate vote, even though he
called it a blow to democracy. Federico Franco (49) of the Authentic
Radical Liberal Party was sworn in to serve out the remainder of
2012 Jun 23, Paraguay's newly
sworn-in president, Federico Franco, set about forming a new
government as he promised to honor foreign commitments, respect
private property and reach out to Latin American leaders to minimize
diplomatic fallout and keep his country from becoming a regional
2012 Jun 29, In Argentina the
Mercosur trade bloc held a summit. It suspended Paraguay's
membership for having impeached and ousted its president but said it
will not slap economic sanctions on it. The group also announced
that Venezuela will become a full member starting July 31.
2012 Jul 24, In China Rosalia
Amarilla (31), a clothes vendor from Paraguay, stepped into the
international terminal of Beijing's cavernous main airport, wearing
more than 7 pounds (3 kg) of cocaine stuffed into her underwear and
bra. She was caught and later sentenced to death on drug trafficking
2012 Jul, In Paraguay Pres.
Federico Franco won passage of a bill to institute the country’s
first ever income tax.
(Economist, 10/6/12, p.42)
2012 Sep 19, In Paraguay a
powerful storm killed 5 people and left thousands without shelter.
(SFC, 9/20/12, p.A2)
2012 Dec 1, In Paraguay gunmen
murdered Vidaql Vega (48), one of the surviving leaders of a peasant
movement whose land dispute with a powerful politician prompted the
end of Fernando Lugo's presidency last June. He had lobbied the
government for many years to redistribute some of the ranchland that
Colorado Party Sen. Blas Riquelme began occupying in the 1960s.
2012 Dec 19, A new Gallup poll
said seven of the world’s 10 countries with the most upbeat
attitudes are in Latin America with Panama and Paraguay at the top.
The people least likely to report positive emotions lived in
(SFC, 12/20/12, p.A2)
2012 In Paraguay 80% of the
population continued to speak the Guarani, an indigenous language of
South America that belongs to the Tupí–Guaraní subfamily of the
(Econ, 12/22/12, p.48)
2013 Jan 3, It was reported
that Paraguayan police have rescued 211 blue-fronted Amazon parrots,
which were taken from remote forests. More than 400,000 of the birds
have been caught and sold.
(SFC, 1/3/13, p.A2)
2013 Feb 2, Paraguayan
presidential candidate Lino Cesar Oviedo (69) was killed in a
helicopter crash, ending a dramatic political career that included
coups and repeated attempts to lead his impoverished country. His
bodyguard and pilot also died in the crash.
2013 Apr 21, Paraguay held
presidential elections to replace Federico Franco, who served out
Fernando Lugo's term and is not eligible to seek a new one. Tobacco
magnate Horacio Cartes of the Colorado Party was elected with 46% of
the vote, returning the conservative Colorado Party to the
presidency. Sen. Efrain Alegre of Franco's Liberal Party won 37%.
2013 Aug 15, Paraguay’s Pres.
Horacio Cartes (57) made his inaugural speech saying "I promise to
set an example with this government" by strengthening international
ties and committing to human rights and fighting poverty.
2013 Aug 28, In Paraguay Maria
Concepcion Candia joined five men in a crucifixion protest out of
solidarity. Her husband, bus driver Juan Villalba, led a
demonstration to protest a series of layoffs of union organizers at
the Vanguardia bus company. He said eight drivers were fired after
they asked for overtime pay, medical insurance and state pension
(SFC, 8/29/13, p.A2)(http://tinyurl.com/qakvfq8)
2013 Aug 30, Paraguay was
welcomed back into a group of South American nations known as UNASUR
meeting in Suriname.
2013 Oct 11, In Brazil an
official report disclosed that the powerful PCC prison gang runs a
nationwide criminal business worth $60 million a year with
operations extending into neighboring Bolivia and Paraguay.
2014 May 19, Uruguay said it
will exempt marijuana production and sales from taxes in a bid to
ensure prices remain low enough to undercut competition from black
market pot smuggled in from Paraguay.
2014 Jun 27, Paraguay officials
said floods caused by torrential rains have forced the evacuation of
some 200,000 people living near the Paraguay and Parana rivers.
(SFC, 6/28/14, p.A2)
2014 Sep 25, Pope Francis
forcibly removed conservative Paraguayan Bishop Rogelio Ricardo
Livieres Plano who had promoted a priest accused of inappropriate
sexual behavior and clashed with his fellow bishops on ideological
2014 Oct 16, A Paraguayan
journalist was shot to death in a northern area that is a hotbed for
drugs and arms trafficking.
2015 Jan 6, In Paraguay Albino
Jara and Rocio Moraez of the Armed Peasant Association died in a
firefight near the town of Cuero Fresco.
2015 Mar 6, Paraguayan radio
journalist Gerardo Servian was reported shot to death in the
Brazilian city of Ponta Pora, bordering a crime-ridden area that is
a hotbed for drugs and arms smuggling.
2015 Jul 10, Pope Francis
arrived in the Paraguayan capital of Asuncion on the final leg of
his three-nation tour of South America's poorest countries that
included Ecuador and neighboring Bolivia.
2015 Jul 11, In Paraguay Pope
Francis received a very Argentine welcome at Paraguay's most
important pilgrimage site, with thousands of his countrymen joining
hundreds of thousands of Paraguayan faithful for a Mass that served
as a makeshift homecoming for the Argentine pope.
2015 Jul 12, In Paraguay Pope
Francis put into practice his call for the world's poor and
powerless to not be left on the margins of society by visiting a
flood-prone slum outside Asuncion on the final day of his 3-nation
2015 Aug 13, In Paraguay an
11-year-old girl who was denied an abortion after being raped gave
birth, the culmination of a case that put a spotlight on child rape
in this poor South American nation and drew criticism from human
2015 The population of Paraguay
was about 7 million.
(Econ, 5/30/15, p.36)