Timeline Philippines

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LC Chron 1887-1902: http://lcweb.loc.gov/rr/hispanic/1898/chronphil.html

1.8Mil-10,000BC    The Cagayan Valley archaeological site has revealed stone tools from the Pleistocene.
    (AM, Mar/Apr 97 p.F)

400000BC - 48000BC     A human group, later called the Denisovans, lived in Asia during this period. They then interbred with humans expanding from Africa along the coast of South Asia. In 2010 fossil evidence from a Siberian cave in 2008 revealed that their DNA was related to the DNA of people from New Guinea, which contained 4.8% Denisovan DNA. 3-5% of the DNA from native people of Papua New Guinea, Australia, the Philippines and other nearby islands came from Denisovans, who left Africa as far back as 800,000 BC.
    (SFC, 12/23/10, p.A4)(SSFC, 9/16/12, p.C11)

1400-1500    Vigan historic town on Luzon was established by Chinese traders by this time.
    (AM, Mar/Apr 97 p.F)

1521        March 9, Magellan sailed west, southwest towards the Philippines.   
    (V.D.-H.K.p.177-178)

1521        Mar 15, Ferdinand Magellan discovered the Philippine Islands, where he was killed by natives the following month. [see Apr 26]
    (PCh, 1992, p.172)(MC, 3/17/02)(AP, 3/16/97)

1521        Apr 7, Ferdinand Magellan landed on Cebu Island, Philippines. Italian chronicler Antonio Pigafetta reported a thriving port with large supplies of rice and gold. In 2003 the island was a booming commercial center with a population of 4 million.
    (WSJ, 10/15/03, p.B2A)

1521        Apr 26, Magellan was killed in a fight with natives on Mactan Island. Magellan named the Mariana Islands Islas de los Ladrones (Islands of Thieves), and was killed by natives on Cebu. Juan Sebastian Elcano, Magellan’s second in command, returned to Spain with 18 men and one ship, the Vittorio, laden with spices. His coat of arms was augmented in reward with the inscription Primus circumdisti me: “You were the first to encircle me.” Some 50,000 Chamorro people populated the islands. [see Apr 27]
    (V.D.-H.K.p.177-178)(SFEC,11/10/96,Z1p.2)(TL-MB, p.12)(SFEC, 3/7/99,Z1 p.4)

1521        April 27, Ferdinand Magellan (50), Portuguese explorer, was killed by natives in the Philippines. [see Apr 26]
    (AP, 4/27/99)

1565        Apr 27, First Spanish settlement in Philippines was established in Cebu City.
    (HN, 4/27/98)

1565        Philip II of Spain sent Miguel Lopez de Legazpi  and 1,000 mercenaries from Mexico to wrest the Philippines from Muslim sultans, who had ruled since the 12th century.
    (SFC, 7/7/03, p.A6)

1565        Father Andres Urdaneta sighted land believed to be the California coast while sailing on the Manila to Acapulco trade route.
    (SFC,10/17/97, p.A25)

1571        Mar 19, Spanish troops occupied Manila. [see May 19]
    (MC, 3/19/02)

1571        May 19, Miguel Lopez de Lagazpi founded the city of Manila in the Philippines and encountered Chinese settlements. [see Mar 19]
    (DTnet, 5/19/97)(WSJ, 12/26/02, p.A1)

1586        Spanish Captain Francisco Gali died in Manila and Pedro de Unamuno took command of his 2 ships to return to Acapulco.
    (SFC,10/17/97, p.A25)

1587        Oct 18, Spanish Captain Pedro de Unamuno discovered California. He landed at a place he called Port San Lucas, later identified as Morro Bay City, while sailing from Macao to Acapulco with a crew of Luzon Indians.
    (SFC,10/17/97, p.A25)

1595        Jul, The Spanish galleon San Agustin departed the Philippines with 130 tons of cargo and 70 men. See Nov, 1595.
    (SFC, 9/26/97, p.A21)(SFC, 8/23/11, p.C3)

1595        Nov, The San Agustin, a Spanish galleon from Manila, sank off the coast of northern California near Point Reyes with a load of silks and porcelains from the Orient. Skipper Sebastian Rodriguez Cermeno sailed with survivors in an open boat 2,500 miles to Acapulco.
    (SFC, 9/26/97, p.A21)(SFC, 8/23/11, p.C3)

1603        Oct 20, A Chinese uprising in the Philippines failed after 23,000 killed.
    (MC, 10/20/01)

1608        Shogun Ieyasu ordered Will Adams to go to the Philippines to invite the Spanish Gov. Don Diego Vevero y Velasco to compete with the Portuguese for trade with Japan.
    (ON, 11/02, p.10)

1658        The sultan of Brunei gave Sabah, the northeastern part of Borneo, to the sultan of Sulu, who ruled a part of what later became the Philippines.
    (Econ, 2/23/13, p.39)

1672        Apr 2, Pedro Calungsod (b.1654), a Filipino teenager, was killed in Tumon, Guam, along with Diego Luis de San Vitores, his Jesuit missionary priest, by natives resisting their conversion efforts. In 2012 Pedro was named a saint in the Catholic church.
    (AP, 10/20/12)( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pedro_Calungsod)

1755        Jun 30, Philippines closed all non-Catholic Chinese restaurants.
    (MC, 6/30/02)

1762        Oct 5, The British fleet bombarded and captured Spanish-held Manila in the Philippines.
    (HN, 10/5/98)

1773        The Royal Captain, a merchant ship of the British East India Co., was lost off a coral reef in the Philippines.
    (WSJ, 7/21/00, p.W2)

1814        In Legazpi the Mayon volcano erupted and 1,200 people were killed.
    (SFC, 6/25/01, p.A9)

1820        Mar 9-11, Philippines chased out foreigners and about 125 died.
    (MC, 3/9/02)

1878        The sultan of Sulu leased Sabah in perpetuity to the British North Borneo Company. In 1946 the company ceded control of Sabah to Britain.
    (Econ, 2/23/13, p.39)

1890        Philippine brewer San Miguel began making beer.
    (WSJ, 4/9/09, p.B1)

1898        Apr 24, US fleet under commodore Dewey steamed from Hong Kong to Philippines.
    (MC, 4/24/02)

1898        May 1, US Commodore George Dewey gave the command, "You may fire when you are ready, Gridley," as his naval force destroyed a Spanish fleet in Manila Bay in the Philippines. Dewey’s ships lobbed shells into Filipino-dug trenches and the battle became a massacre. Navy Captain Charles Gridley earned a place in history during the Battle of Manila Bay.
    (AP, 5/1/97)(Hem, Dec. 94, p.70)(SFEC, 1/31/99, Z1 p.4)(HN 8/13/98)

1898        May 25, 1st US troop transport to Manila left San Francisco.
    (SC, 5/25/02)

1898        Jun 12, The Philippines gained independence from Spain. Emilio Aguinaldo, rebel leader, proclaimed Philippine independence. Aguinaldo served as the first president.
    (SFC, 6/8/96, p.A17)(SFC, 3/31/97, p.A14)(AP, 6/12/97)(SFEC, 1/31/99, Z1 p.4)

1898        Jul 8, US battle fleet under Adm. Dewey occupied Isla Grande at Manila.
    (MC, 7/8/02)

1898        Aug 12, Fighting in the Spanish-American War came to an end. The peace protocol ending the Spanish-American War was signed Dec 10 after three months and 22 days of hostilities. 460 US soldiers died in battle. The US paid Spain $20 million to vacate Cuba, Guam, Puerto Rico and the Philippines. Over the next 3 years US casualties in the Philippines war totaled over 4,000.
    (AP, 8/12/97)(WSJ, 2/23/98, p.A20)(HN, 8/12/00)(SSFC, 3/30/03, p.D1)(WSJ, 7/2/03, p.B1)

1898        Aug 13, Manila, the capital of the Philippines, fell to the U.S. Army under Adm. George Dewey. It was later reported that Dewey had agreed to sacrifice the lives of American soldiers in order to give Spanish officers, who had retained dead soldiers on payroll, a chance to report heavy fatalities back to Spain.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Manila_(1898))(SSFC, 6/29/08, DB p.58)

1898        Dec 10, The United States and Spain signed the Treaty of Paris, ending the Spanish-American War. This ceded Puerto Rico, the Philippines and Guam to the United States. The US Senate ratified the treaty February 6, 1899. The US military governed Puerto Rico from October 1898 until May 1900, when the US Congress instituted a civil government. The civil government underwent many changes until a Constitutional Assembly formed in 1950 and established a Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, which was proclaimed on July 25, 1952. [see Aug 12]
    (AP, 12/10/97)(HN, 12/10/98)(HNQ, 7/28/01)

1898-1900    A 2-year battle against American troops was waged by the Filipinos who sought independence, not a new colonial ruler.
    (SFC, 6/9/97, p.A15)

1898-1905    The 9th Cavalry, a black unit from Fort Mason, was shipped to help subdue the Philippines Insurrection.
    (SFEC, 4/5/98, p.C14)

1899        Jan 10, Filipino leader Emilio Aguinaldo renounced the Treaty of Paris, which annexed the Philippines to the United States.
    (HN, 1/10/00)

1899        Jan 20, President William McKinley appointed a Philippine Commission led by Jacob G. Schurman, president of Cornell University, to study the situation in the island and to submit a report to serve as a basis for setting up a civil government. Established on January 20, 1899, the commission issued findings in June suggesting the ultimate independence for the islands but, for an indefinite period continued U.S. rule.
    (HNQ, 1/3/00)

1899        Feb 4, After an exchange of gunfire, fighting broke out between American troops and Filipinos near Manila, sparking the Philippine-American War (also referred to as the Philippine Insurrection of 1899). American soldiers patrolling in Santa Mesa opened fire on Filipino soldiers near a bridge over the San Juan River.
    (SFEC, 1/31/99, Z1p.1)(HN, 2/4/00)

1899        Feb 5, The devastation from the battle of Santa Ana was captured in photos by F. Tennyson Neely. The collection was published as "Fighting in the Philippines."
    (SFEC, 1/31/99, Z1 p.1)

1899        Sep, The USS Charleston engaged in shellfire upon Subic Bay in the Philippines.
    (G, Spring/98, p.5)

1900        Jun 21, General Arthur MacArthur offered amnesty to Filipinos rebelling against American rule.
    (HN, 6/21/98)

1900        Dec 23, The Federal Party, which recognized American sovereignty, was formed in the Philippines.
    (HN, 12/23/98)

c1900        The Ordonez cannon was brought back to the Presidio in SF as a trophy of war by William Randolph Hearst. It had been manufactured in Spain and was initially captured by the Filipinos from the Spanish army. It reportedly suffered a direct hit from US forces in an engagement near Subic Bay.
    (SFC, 6/9/97, p.A15,16)(G, Spring/98, p.5)

1900        Pres. McKinley appointed Prof. Bernard Moses of Berkeley one of three commissioners in the Philippines charged with developing a plan for governing the islands once control was established.
    (SFEM, 1/30/00, p.13)

1900        David Prescott Barrows was appointed as superintendent of schools in Manila and then as chief of the Bureau of Non-Christian Tribes with the task of formulating plans to bring them under control for beneficent exploitation.
    (SFEM, 1/30/00, p.14)

1901        Mar 23, A group of U.S. Army soldier led by Brig. Gen. Frederick Funston captured Emilio Aguinaldo, the leader of the Philippine Insurrection of 1899.
    (HN, 3/23/99)

1901        Jul 4, William H. Taft, later the 27th president of the United States, became the American territorial governor of the Philippines. Taft soon appointed Prof. Bernard Moses secretary of public instruction for the Philippines. Taft, who had been solicitor general of the U.S. under President Benjamin Harrison, was a federal circuit court judge when President William McKinley appointed him to serve as president of the U.S. Philippines Commission in 1900-01. Later in 1901, President Theodore Roosevelt named Taft the first civil governor of the Philippines Islands, a post he held for four years.
    (HN, 7/4/98)(SFEM, 1/30/00, p.13)(HNQ, 2/18/00)

1901        Sep 28, At Balangiga on Samar Island, Philippine villagers surprised a the US military Company C, 9th Infantry Regiment. Church bells, used to signal the attack, were taken by the Americans. 38 of 74 US soldiers were killed and all the rest but 6 were wounded. Philippine casualties were estimated at 50-250 with 48 American soldiers killed.
    (WSJ, 11/19/97, p.A6)(SFC, 10/18/03, p.A18)

1901        US Brig. Gen’l. Jacob Smith ordered US Marine and Army units to turn the island of Samar in the Philippines into a “howling wilderness” so that "even birds could not live there" in retaliation for the Sep 5 attack at Balangiga. The mission bells of Balangiga were taken as war booty and later placed in the F.E. Warren Air Force Base in Cheyenne, Wyo. A Marine major was court-martialed on murder charges for executing 11 Filipino prisoners but was acquitted after he testified that he was under orders to shoot every Filipino over age 10. Gen’l. Smith was found guilty of misconduct and admonished.
    (WSJ, 11/19/97, p.A6)(SFEC, 1/31/99, Z1 p.4)

1902        Jul 4, Pres. Roosevelt officially ended the Philippine-American War. Estimates for the civilian people killed ranged from 250,000 to 1 million. Creighton Miller in 1982 published "Benevolent Assimilation," a comprehensive account of the conflict.
    (SFEC, 1/31/99, Z1 p.1,4)(WSJ, 11/19/97, p.A6)(PC, 1992, p.642)

1903        Jul 3, The first cable across the Pacific Ocean was spliced between Honolulu, Midway, Guam and Manila. Teddy Roosevelt placed the atoll of Midway Island under Navy supervision. The Commercial Pacific Cable Co. (later AT&T) set cable across the Pacific via Midway Island and the first around the world message was sent. The message took 9 minutes to circle the globe. [see Jul 4]
    (SFEC, 7/20/97, p.T5)(HN, 7/3/98)

1903        Jul 4, Pacific Cable (SF, Hawaii, Guam, Philippines) opened, and Pres. Teddy Roosevelt sent a message. [see Jul 3]
    (Maggio, 98)

1903        David Prescott Barrows succeeded Bernard Moses as general superintendent of the Philippine schools until 1909.
    (SFEM, 1/30/00, p.14)

1905        US General Leonard Wood (b.1860) took over as military commander of the Philippines.
    (www.wood.army.mil/MGLeonardwood.htm)

1906        Mar, American forces killed some 900 Muslims including women and children on Mount Dajo.
    (SSFC, 11/25/01, p.D3)

1911        The Taal volcano erupted and 1,335 people were killed.
    (SFC, 1/19/02, p.A14)

1916        Aug 29, The US Jones Law (Act of Congress of August 29, 1916), also known as the Philippine Autonomy Act of 1916, replaced the Philippine Organic Act of 1902 that earlier served as a constitution for the Philippine Islands. Manuel Luis Quezon (1878-1944), Resident Commissioner to Washington, D.C. since 1909, pushed the passage of the Jones Act.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jones_Law_%28Philippines%29)(http://tinyurl.com/42mk5ef)

1916        Oct 16, The Philippine Commission was abolished and the Philippine Legislature was inaugurated. It consisted of the Senate and the House of Representatives. Native legislators were 1st elected but the US governors general remained in charge for years.
    (www.senate.gov.ph/about/history.asp)(SSFC, 5/11/03, p.D6)

1916        US troops were still fighting skirmishes on some islands of the Philippines to this time.
    (WSJ, 11/19/97, p.A6)

1917        Sep 11, Ferdinand Marcos, Philippines Pres (1965-86), was born.
    (MC, 9/11/01)

1920s        Jose Garcia Villa was suspended from law school for publishing erotic poems. A Manila court fined him for obscenity.
    (SFC, 2/10/97, p.A20)

1921-1927    General Leonard Wood (b.1860) served a governor-general of the Philippines.
    (www.wood.army.mil/MGLeonardwood.htm)

1926        Jul 26, Philippines government asked the US to plebiscite for independence.
    (MC, 7/26/02)

1927        Jun 26, Direct commercial radio service between the Philippines and the US was inaugurated with a message from Manila to SF.
    (SFC, 6/21/02, p.G2)

1928        Mar 18, Fidel Ramos was born.
    (WP, 6/29/96, p.A20)

1928        Aug 31, Jaime Lachica Sin was born on Panay Island. He was one of 16 children and became a cardinal of the Catholic Church in 1976.
    (SSFC, 1/28/01, p.A19)

1930        Jose Garcia Villa (1909-1997) won the Philippine Free Press literary contest for a short story and used the money to go to the US.
    (SFC, 2/10/97, p.A20)

1932        Nov 27, Benigno Aquino Jr. (d.1983), Philippine opposition leader; was born.
    (MC, 11/27/01)

1933        Jan 12, US Congress recognized the independence of the Philippines.
    (MC, 1/12/02)

1933        Jan 25, Corazon Aquino was born as Corazon Cojuangco. She defeated the corrupt Ferdinand Marcos to become the President of the Philippines (1986-1992). Her husband had been killed by Marcos’ gunmen.
    (HN, 1/25/99)(www.answers.com/topic/coraz-n-aquino)

1934        May 1, The Philippine legislature accepted a U.S. proposal for independence.
    (HN, 5/1/98)

1934        May 7, World's largest pearl (6.4 kg) was found at Palawan, Philippines.
    (MC, 5/7/02)

1935        May 14, A plebiscite in the Philippines ratified a independence agreement.
    (HN, 5/14/98)

1935        Nov 14, Manuel Luis Quezon was sworn in as the first Filipino president, as the Commonwealth of Philippines was inaugurated. Pres. Roosevelt proclaimed the Philippine Islands a free commonwealth.
    (HN, 11/14/98)(AP, 11/14/97)

1935        Nov 22, Pan Am inaugurated the first transpacific airmail service, San Francisco to Manila. The Pan Am China Clipper under Captain Ed Musick took off from Alameda Point bound for the Philippines with 111,000 letters. It was the company's first trans-Pacific flight. The plane was a 25-ton Martin M-130 flying boat with a wingspan of 130 feet, and was the largest aircraft in world service.
    (HN, 11/22/98)(Ind, 5/1/99, p.5A)(SFEM, 2/13/00, p.35)(NPub, 2002, p.13)

1935        Nov 29, The Pan Am China Clipper under Captain Ed Musick landed in manila Bay in the Philippines after stops in Hawaii, Midway Island, Wake Island and Guam. It was the company's first trans-Pacific flight.
    (HFA, ‘96, p.18)(HN, 11/22/98)(Ind, 5/1/99, p.5A)(SFEM, 2/13/00, p.35)

1936        Jan 22, In San Francisco 5 Filipino men appeared before a municipal judge on vagrancy charges and admitted to intermingling with white girls. Police chief Quinn instructed police officers to take into custody all white girls seen with Filipinos, together with their escorts.
    (SSFC, 1/23/11, DB p.42)

1936        Oct 21, Pan Am inaugurated the first passenger flight from California to the Philippines with 9 passengers.
    (SFEM, 2/13/00, p.37)

1941        Mar 15, Philippine Airlines maid its maiden flight from Manila to Baguio.
    (SFC, 9/24/98, p.A19)

1941        Oct, The US decided to send some of the new Boeing B-17 Flying Fortresses to the Philippines. Unlike the older bombers, it was not feasible to dismantle them and send them by ship -- so they had to be flown all the way. Aircraft range limits dictated a roundabout route for the unprecedented flight of distance and scale -- 35 Fortresses were to be sent. Despite many problems they got to Clark Field, only to have 17 of them destroyed a month and a half later when the Japanese bombed the field a day after the Pearl Harbor attack.
    (HNQ, 1/15/02)

1941        Dec 8, Japan attacked the Philippines. The United States entered World War II as Congress declared war against Japan, a day after the attack on Pearl Harbor.
    (WUD, 1944, p.1683)(SFEC, 12/15/96, p.T7) (AP, 12/8/97)

1941        Dec 9, 1st US WW II bombing mission in Far East took place over Luzon, Philippines.
    (MC, 12/9/01)

1941        Dec 10, The US submarine Sealion was sunk in an air attack at Manila Bay. 10 crewman were captured by the Japanese and shipped to work in a Mitsubishi copper mine in northern Japan.
    (SSFC, 6/17/01, Par p.5)
1941        Dec 10, Luzon, Philippines, was occupied by Japanese troops.
    (WUD, 1944, p.1683)(HN, 12/10/98)

1941        Dec 12, Buzz Wagner, the first official American ace of World War II, took off on a lone reconnaissance mission over Aparri, Philippines. Because of devastating losses by the U.S. fighter force two days earlier, orders had come down restricting confrontation with enemy fighters if at all possible. His reconnaissance mission turned into a combat mission when he descended from a patch of clouds and found himself practically on top of two Japanese destroyers. Spotted and chased by a pair of Japanese fighters, Wagner eluded the enemy and took out five of 12 enemy planes. Four days later, Wagner and two associates went into combat over Vigan and left behind 17 enemy planes destroyed or burning, with an unknown number of Japanese dead lying on the runway. The mission garnered the most devastating results of the air war to date.
    (HNQ, 5/14/02)

1941        Dec 20, Japanese troops landed on Mindanao.
    (MC, 12/20/01)

1941        Dec 22, Japanese troops made an amphibious landing on the coast of Lingayen Gulf on Luzon, the Philippines.
    (HN, 12/22/98)

1941        Dec 26, General Douglas MacArthur declared Manila an open city in the face of the onrushing Japanese Army.
    (HN, 12/26/98)

1941        Dec 27, Japanese bombers attacked Manila, despite its claim as an open city.
    (HN, 12/27/98)

1941        Dec 31, General MacArthur reported that U.S. lines in Manila had been pushed back by the Japanese.
    (HN, 12/31/98)

1942        Jan 2, The Philippine capital of Manila and the US Naval base at Cavite were captured by Japanese forces.
    (AP, 1/2/98)(HN, 1/2/02)

1942        Jan 5, U.S. and Filipino troops completed their withdrawal to a new defensive line along the base of the Bataan peninsula.
    (HN, 1/5/99)

1942        Jan 7, The World War II siege of Bataan began.
    (AP, 1/7/98)

1942        Jan 18, General MacArthur repelled the Japanese in Bataan.
    (HN, 1/18/99)

1942        Feb 22, President Franklin Roosevelt ordered Gen. Douglas MacArthur to leave the Philippines.
    (HN, 2/22/99)

1942        Mar 11, As Japanese forces continued to advance in the Pacific during World War II Gen. Douglas MacArthur left Corregidor in the Philippines for Australia. MacArthur, who subsequently vowed, "I shall return," kept that promise more than 2 1/2 years later. MacArthur relinquished command in the Philippines to Gen’l. Jonathon Wainwright.
    (SFEC, 12/15/96, p.T7)(AP, 3/11/98)(http://tinyurl.com/736ws)

1942        Apr 3, The Japanese began their all-out assault on the U.S. and Filipino troops at Bataan.
    (HN, 4/3/99)

1942        Apr 9, In the Battle of Bataan, some 70,000 soldiers gathered at the bottom of the Bataan peninsula during World War II. American and Philippine defenders on Bataan capitulated to Japanese forces; the surrender was followed by the notorious 55-mile “Bataan Death March” which claimed nearly 10,000 lives. 12,000 American soldiers surrendered to the Japanese and some 1000 died on the march. [see Apr 10]
    (SFEC, 12/15/96, p.T7)(AP, 4/9/97)(HN, 4/9/98)(SSFC, 6/17/01, Par p.4)

1942        Apr 10, The 65-mile Bataan Death March began to a prison camp near Cabanatuan. The prisoners were forced to march 85 miles in six days with only one meal of rice during the entire journey. Some 10k-15k soldiers perished on the march. Bataan is a peninsula of western Luzon in the Philippines. It was surrendered to the Japanese in this year and retaken by American forces in 1945. [see Apr 9]
    (HFA, ‘96, p.28)(SFEC, 12/15/96, p.T7)(SFC, 4/25/97, p.A26)(MC, 4/10/02)

1942        Apr 12, Japan killed about 400 Filipino officers in Bataan.
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1942        May 5, The first Japanese soldiers landed on the Philippine island of Corregidor defended by only 13,000 soldiers under Gen’l. Wainwright. More than 1,000 Americans and Filipinos died in defense of the island.
    (SFEC, 12/15/96, p.T7)

1942        May 6, On Corregidor US Gen’l. Jonathan Wainwright surrendered his forces, some 15,000 Americans and Filipinos, to the Japanese. This began a 3-year ordeal for 4 doctors as POWs under the Japanese. In 2005 John A. Glusman authored “Conduct Under Fire,” and account of their survival as POWs.
    (AP, 5/6/97)(SSFC, 7/10/05, p.E4)(http://tinyurl.com/736ws)

1942        Jun 16, Lt. Edwin P. Ramsey led the last US cavalry charge at the village of Morong in the Philippines. His mounted platoon of 27 men routed a force of hundreds of Japanese soldiers.
    (SFEC, 2/23/97, BR p.4)

1942-1945    The US promised over 250,000 Filipino fighters citizenship with full military benefits during WW II. Shortly after the war the US Congress withdrew this pledge. Citizenship was granted in 1990 and limited benefits in 1999.
    (SFEC,12/14/97, Z1 p.4)(SFC, 3/24/00, p.A6)

1943        Apr, Magdaleno Sanchez Duenas, Philippine guerrilla fighter, (1914-2005) assisted in the escape of 10 US servicemen from the Davao Penal Colony.
    (SSFC, 3/6/05, p.A21)

1944        Mar 30, The U.S. fleet attacked Palau, near the Philippines.
    (HN, 3/30/98)

1944        Jun 19, The Battle of the Philippine Sea (Battle of the Marianas), called the "Marianas Turkey Shoot," began when Japanese naval forces attacked the stronger U.S. naval forces. 280 Japanese planes were shot down by U.S. carrier- based planes and anti-aircraft fire from U.S. ships. Americans shoot down 220 Japanese planes while only losing 20.
    (BEP, 1994)(DT, 6/19/97)(HN, 6/19/98)

1944        Sep, The U.S. 1st Marine Division sought to take Peleliu, to protect General MacArthur's eastern flank as he tried to retake the Philippines, where he had retreated from in 1942.
    (HNQ, 8/29/01)

1944        Oct 19, US forces landed in the Philippines. [see Oct 20]
    (MC, 10/19/01)

1944        Oct 20, Gen. Douglas MacArthur stepped ashore on A-Day (attack day) at Leyte in the Philippines, 2 1/2 years after he'd said, "I shall return." He landed with Sergio Osmena, the president-in-exile, and Gen’l. Carlos Romulo, who later served as foreign minister.
    (AP, 10/20/97)(HN, 10/20/98)(SFC, 10/20/04, p.B3)

1944        Oct 21, The 1st Japanese kamikaze attack took place near Leyte Island; gunners from both the flagship of the Royal Australian Navy, HMAS Australia, and HMAS Shropshire fired at, and reportedly hit, an unidentified Japanese aircraft. The plane then flew away from the ships, before turning and flying into Australia, striking the ship's superstructure above the bridge, and spewing burning fuel and debris over a large area. A 200 kg (440 pound) bomb carried by the plane failed to explode. In 2002 Albert Axell and Hideaki Kase authored "Kamikaze: Japan's Suicide Gods." In 2006 Emiko Ohnuki-Tierney authored “Kamikaze Diaries: Reflections of Japanese Student Soldiers.”
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kamikaze)(Econ, 7/8/06, p.79)

1944        Oct 23, In the Philippines the Battle of Leyte Gulf began. In 1947 C. Van Woodward authored "The Battle of Leyte Gulf."
    (AP, 10/23/97)(SFEC, 12/19/99, p.C14)

1944        Oct 24, The aircraft carrier USS Princeton was sunk by a single Japanese plane during the Battle of Leyte Gulf.
    (HN, 10/24/98)(SFC, 6/22/01, p.D5)
1944        Oct 24, US air raid on Japanese battleships and cruisers in Sibuya Sea sank the 65,000 ton Musashi battleship.
    (SFC, 4/2/04, p.B7)

1944        Oct 25, Japanese were defeated in the Straits of Surigao in the Battle of Leyte Gulf, the world's largest sea engagement. From this point on, the depleted Japanese Navy increasingly resorted to the suicidal attacks of Kamikaze fighters.
    (HN, 10/25/98)(MC, 10/25/01)

1944        Dec 14, The former NYK liner Oryoku Maru left Manila with 1619 American POWs packed in the holds. U.S. Navy planes from the "Hornet" attacked, causing the Hell Ship to sink the following day. Only 200 of the men survived.
    (Internet)(SSFC, 2/15/04, p.A29)

1944        Dec 15, In the Philippines the opening of the battle for Luzon started when MacArthur ordered troops ashore on the nearby island of Mindoro.
    (HN, 12/15/98)(AP, 12/15/07)

1944        Dec 18, The US Third Fleet encountered a typhoon near the Philippines. The naval destroyers "Hull," "Spence" & "Monaghan" sank in the typhoon. The storm killed 778 American sailors. 62 of 264 men on the Hull were rescued. 24 of 340 men on the Spence were rescued. 6 of 251 men on the Monaghan survived. In 1981 C. Raymond Calhoun, the captain of the destroyer Dewey, authored “Typhoon: The Other Enemy.”
    (AH, 10/02, p.56, 60)

1945        Jan 9, American forces began landing at Lingayen Gulf in the Philippines, 107 miles from Manila. MacArthur finally mounted his invasion of Luzon.
    (HN, 1/9/99)(AP, 1/9/99)

1945        Jan 30, US Army Rangers and Filipino guerrillas executed a flawless rescue of 486 POWs from Camp Cabanatuan north of Manila. In 2001 Hampton Sides authored “Ghost Soldiers,” an account of the rescue.
    (WSJ, 5/24/01, p.A20)(SSFC, 6/17/01, DB p.70)(AH, 2/05, p.16)y

1945        Feb 3, The month-long Battle of Manila began.
    (HN, 2/3/99)

1945        Feb 5, US troops under General Douglas MacArthur entered Manila ("I have returned!").
    (MC, 2/5/02)

1945        Feb 6, MacArthur reported the fall of Manila, and the liberation of 5,000 prisoners.
    (HN, 2/6/99)

1945        Feb 16, American paratroopers landed on Corregidor during World War II, in a campaign to liberate the Philippines. The US proceeded to recapture the island of Corregidor and nearly 6,000 Japanese soldiers leapt to their death off a ridge rather than face capture and dishonor.
    (SFEC, 12/15/96, p.T6)(AP, 2/16/98)(HN, 2/16/98)

1945        Feb 18, U.S. Marines stormed ashore at Iwo Jima.
    (HN, 2/18/98)

1945        Feb 19, During World War II, some 30,000 US Marines landed on Iwo Jima, an 8-sq. mile island of rock, volcanic ash and black sand, where they began a month-long battle to seize control of the island from Japanese forces. The 36-day battle took the lives of 7,000 Americans and about 20,000 of 22,000 Japanese defenders.
    (SFC, 6/19/96, p.A20)(SFC, 9/21/00, p.C6)(AP, 2/19/08)

1945        Feb 23, During World War II, U.S. Marines on Iwo Jima captured Mount Suribachi, where they raised the American flag. Actually, there were two flag-raisings that day, the second was the one captured in the famous Associated Press photograph taken by Joe Rosenthal. John Bradley (d.1994), was one of the soldiers who raised the US flag at Iwo Jima. The carnage on the 8-sq.-mile island continued for another 31 days. One flag raising was captured by AP photographer Joseph Rosenthal (1911-2006) and inspired the 1954 sculpture by Felix de Weldon (d.2003) erected in Washington DC. Sgt. Bill Genaust filmed the event with a 16mm camera and died in combat 9 days later.
    (SFC, 9/21/00, p.C6)(SFC, 6/14/03, p.A21)(SFC, 8/21/06, p.A1)(AP, 2/23/07)

1945        Feb 24, American soldiers liberated the Philippine capital of Manila from Japanese control during World War II.
    (AP, 2/24/98)

1945        Feb 24, U.S. forces liberated prisoners of war in the Los Baños Prison in the Philippines.
    (HN, 2/24/99)

1945        Mar 2, The American flag is raised again over Corregidor, with General Douglas MacArthur and members of his staff present. MacArthur, commander of U.S. Army Forces in the Far East, reluctantly fled his headquarters on the rocky Philippine island of Corregidor in March 1942 as the Japanese closed in. MacArthur praised the gallant but futile defense of Corregidor as “an inspiration to carry on the struggle until the Allies should fight their way back” and vowed to return one day. On February 16, 1945, elements of the U.S. Sixth Army began the assault on Corregidor, and after furious fighting, MacArthur made good on his promise.
    (HN, 3/2/99)

1945        Mar 3, The Allies fully secured the Philippine capital of Manila from Japanese forces during World War II.
    (AP, 3/3/07)

1945        Mar 10, US troops landed on Mindanao.
    (MC, 3/10/02)
1945        Mar 10, In the Philippines Pfc. Thomas Eugene Atkins (d. 1999 at 78) repulsed a Japanese attack while wounded and killed 14 enemy soldiers in northern Luzon.
    (SFC, 9/24/99, p.D6)

1945        Mar, Gen'l. Tomoyuki Yamashita retreated with 140,000 soldiers to the Central Cordillera and Caraballo mountain ranges of northern Luzon island.
    (SFC, 9/24/99, p.D6)

1945        Jun 18, Organized Japanese resistance ended on the island of Mindanao, Philippines.
    (HN, 6/18/98)

1945        Jun 28, General Douglas MacArthur announced the end of Japanese resistance in the Philippines.
    (HN, 6/28/98)

1945        Jul 5, US General Douglas MacArthur announced that the liberation of the Philippines from its Japanese occupiers was complete.
    (MC, 7/5/02)

1945        Sep 3, General Tomoyuki Yamashita, the Japanese commander of the Philippines, surrendered to Lieutenant General Jonathan Wainwright at Baguio.
    (HN, 9/3/98)

1945        Filipino New Scouts were inducted into the US Army toward the end of WW II. On Dec 16, 2003, Pres. Bush signed a measure that made Filipino American veterans eligible for full Veterans Affair health care. Previous benefits were at half the rate of US veterans.
    (SFC, 12/17/03, p.A2)

1946        Feb 23, Japanese General Tomoyuki Yamashita was hanged in Manila, the Philippines, after being found guilty by a US military commission of war crimes.
    (AH, 2/06, p.15)

1946        Apr 3, Lt. General Masaharu Homma, the Japanese commander responsible for the Bataan Death March, was executed outside Manila in the Philippines.
    (AP, 4/3/97)

1946        Jul 4, The Philippines became independent of U.S. sovereignty. The Philippines, which officially became a territory of the United States in 1902, gained its independence. In 1932 a movement to implement Philippine independence began to grow. The Tydings-McDuffie Act of 1934, providing for independence after 12 years, was unanimously accepted and a Philippine constitution approved by President Roosevelt in February 1935. Manuel Quezon was elected the first president of the Philippines on September 17, 1935. In 1937 a Joint Preparatory Commission on Philippine Affairs was established by Roosevelt to recommend a program for economic adjustment. The Republic of the Philippines was inaugurated.
    (SFC, 3/31/97, p.A14)(AP, 7/4/97)(HNQ, 11/9/99)

1946        A US Congress Recision Act took away citizenship and benefits promised by Pres. Roosevelt to Filipinos who had been drafted to fight under Gen. MacArthur. It was enacted in part because of a $200 million grant to the Philippines following the war.
    (SSFC, 12/30/01, p.A25)(SFC, 12/30/03, p.A15)

1947        Mar 14, The U.S. signed a 99-year lease on naval bases in the Philippines.
    (HN, 3/14/98)

1950s        Sarao Motors was begun and later became popular for the manufacture of the popular jeepney passenger vehicles.
    (SFC, 11/22/00, p.A18)

1951        Dec 4, Superheated gases rolled down Mount Catarman (Philippines), killing 500.
    (MC, 12/4/01)

1954        Sep 8, SEATO (Southeast Asia Treaty Organization), a sister organization to NATO, was created under the Manila Pact by the Southeast Asia Collective Defense Treaty, to stop communist spread in Southeast Asia (Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos). The United States, Australia, France, Great Britain, New Zealand, the Philippines, Pakistan, and Thailand signed the mutual defense treaty. SEATO dissolved in 1977.
    (HNQ, 4/2/01)(http://tinyurl.com/hpawj)

1957        Mar 17, In the Philippines a plane crash on Mt. Manunggal in Cebu killed Pres. Ramon Magsaysay (b.1907). 25 of the 26 passengers and crew aboard were killed.
    (AP, 8/2/10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramon_Magsaysay)

1957        Jose Cojuangco, the father of Corazon Aquino, promised various Philippine government agencies that lent him money to buy Hacienda Luisita, a 14,800 acre sugar plantation, that he would sell much of the land to the peasants who worked it. He never did so.
    (Econ, 12/10/05, p.49)

1960        The Rockefeller and Ford foundations joined forces to found the Int’l. Rice Research Institute (IRRI) in Losa Banos, Philippines.
    (Hem., 12/96, p.82)

1961        In San Francisco Alex Esclamado (1929-2012) founded the Philippine News out of his Sunset District family home. In 1972 it became a megaphone for the those opposing the rule of Pres. Marcos. In 1989 Esclamado received the Philippine Legion of Honor crediting his defense of democracy.
    (SFC, 11/16/12, p.C6)

1961-1965    Diosdado Macapagal served as president.
    (SFC, 1/20/01, p.A1)

1965        Sep 28, A volcano exploded on Luzon, Philippines; 500 killed.
    (MC, 9/28/01)

1965        Nov 12, Ferdinand Marcos was elected president of Philippines.
    (MC, 11/12/01)

1965        Dec 17, Ending an election campaign marked by bitterness and violence, Ferdinand Marcos was declared president of the Philippines.
    (HN, 12/17/98)

1965        Dec 30, Ferdinand E. Marcos was sworn in as the Philippine Republic's sixth president.
    (SFC, 8/23/96, p.A26)(HN, 12/30/98)

1965        The Taal Volcano erupted and killed nearly 200 people.
    (SFC, 7/31/99, p.A14)

1966        Jul 4, Beatles were attacked in Philippines after insulting Imelda Marcos.
    (Maggio)

1966        The Asian Development Bank, headquartered in the Philippines, was created to recycle the rich world’s surpluses to capital starved Asia.
    (Econ, 5/12/07, p.45)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asian_Development_Bank)

1967        Aug 8, The Association of Southeast Asian Nations or ASEAN was established in Bangkok by the five original Member Countries, namely, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand.  Brunei Darussalam joined on 8 January 1984, Vietnam on 28 July 1995, Laos and Myanmar on 23 July 1997, and Cambodia on 30 April 1999.
    (www.aseansec.org/64.htm)

1968        Dec 26, The underground Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP) was formed as a Maoist group. Its armed wing, the New People’s Army (NPA) began waging guerrilla warfare in 1969.
    (SFC, 8/21/01, p.A6)(AP, 12/26/10)

1969        Dec 30, In the Philippines Ferdinand Marcos (1917-1989) won an unprecedented second term as president.
    (http://philippines-archipelago.com/history/marcos_regime.html)

1969        At their peak in 1969, 68,889 combat troops from Australia, New Zealand, the Republic of Korea, Thailand and the Philippines were deployed in Vietnam.
    (HNQ, 4/14/00)

1970        Nov 27, Pope Paul VI, visiting the Philippines, was slightly wounded at the Manila airport by Benjamin Mendoza, a dagger-wielding Bolivian painter disguised as a priest.
    (AP, 11/27/02)

1971        Jan 24, Pvt. Rogelio Roxas (d.1993), a former Filipino soldier, allegedly discovered the war treasure of Japanese Gen’l. Tomoyuki Yamashita in caves near Baguio City. Roxas was arrested on May 18, 1971, and jailed for 5 years. The gold bullion was reportedly taken away by Pres. Marcos.
    (SFC, 10/12/97, p.A18)(SSFC, 3/4/01, p.A28)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rogelio_Roxas)

1971        Aug 21, There was a grenade attack on a political rally of the opposition Liberal party. It nearly wiped out the party's senatorial slate running against Marcos' Nacionalista Party. Marcos blamed the communists, but others believed that Marcos planned the attack.
    (SFC, 3/21/00, p.A23)

1971        Jun, Manuel Elizalde (d.1971), a Filipino official, allegedly found the Tasaday, a lost Stone Age tribe, on Mindanao Island. Enthusiastic reports led to a book, ''The Gentle Tasaday: A Stone Age People in the Philippine Rain Forest'' (1975) by John Nance. Skeptics were dismayed in 1974 when Mr. Elizalde, citing a need to protect the Tasadays from exploitation and the harmful effects of too much contact with civilization, blocked any further visits by social scientists.
    (SSFC, 6/22/03, p.M1)(http://tinyurl.com/6e97rz)

1972        Sep 21, Ferdinand Marcos (b.1929) signed Proclamation 1081 placing the Philippines under a state of martial rule, which lasted for the next 14 years.
    (www.geocities.com/pinoytv/martiallaw.htm)(http://tinyurl.com/6g67b4)

1972        Dec 7, Imelda Marcos, wife of Philippine President Ferdinand E. Marcos, was stabbed and seriously wounded by an assailant who was then shot dead by her bodyguards.
    (AP, 12/7/97)

1972        The conflict between the government and Muslim rebels began. A full-scale guerrilla war began in which some 120,000 people were killed by 1999.
    (WSJ, 6/20/96, p.A1)(WSJ, 6/22/99, p.A19)

1973        Jan 17, A new Philippine constitution came into force.
    (www.lawphil.net/consti/cons1973.html)

1974        Mar 9, Officer Hiroo Onoda (d.2014), the last Japanese soldier operating in the Philippines, surrendered, 29 years after World War II ended. The Japanese intelligence officer and WWII holdout, came out of hiding in fatigues patched many times over, on Lubang island in the Philippines on his 52nd birthday.
    (www.einsteinsfrig.com/onoda/index.html)(AP, 1/17/14)

1974        Jul 19, In the Philippines a Miss Universe beauty pageant was held and thousands of squatters around Manila were forcibly moved out of sight. Amparo Munoz of Spain won.
    (SFC, 11/18/96, p.A12)(www.youtube.com/watch?v=1e3Gcv41T7I&feature=related)

1975        Jul 7, Philippines’ President Ferdinand E. Marcos signed Presidential Decree No. 742 and Letter of Instruction 290 creating Western and Central Mindanao regions in Mindanao and establishing the Office of the Regional Commissioner in both regions.
    (http://www.armm.gov.ph/armm-history/)

1976        In the Philippines a World Bank Conference was held and thousands of squatters around Manila were forcibly moved out of sight.
    (SFC, 11/18/96, p.A12)(http://tinyurl.com/yv4tka)
1976        In the Philippines the last execution until 1999 was made.
    (SFC, 2/6/99, p.A12)
1976        Philippine student Yobie Benjamin was arrested and jailed for helping lead protests at the Univ. of the Philippines against the dictatorship of Pres. Ferdinand Marco. Benjamin spent 9 months in jail. He later established himself as an entrepreneur and created GoodStorm, an e-commerce company, that was sold to Zazzle.com in 2008. GoodStorm sold products on behalf of nonprofit organizations.
    (SSFC, 10/18/09, p.A14)

1977        Mar 25, Philippines’ President Marcos, on March 25, 1977, signed Presidential Proclamation No. 1628 forming an autonomous region in Southern Philippines.
    (http://www.armm.gov.ph/armm-history/)

1978        In the Philippines Tony Tan Caktiong formed Jollibee after realizing that customers in his Manila ice cream parlor liked his soy and sugar seasoned burgers better than his sundaes.
    (http://jollibeephilippines.com/15/success-story-of-jollibee-in-the-philippines/#more-15)

1979        May 3, In the Philippines a UN Conference on Trade and Development opened as thousands of squatters around Manila were forcibly moved out of sight.
    (SFC, 11/18/96, p.A12)(www.lawphil.net/executive/execord/eo1978/eo_497_1978.html)

1979        Jul 25, In the Philippines Batas Pambansa No. 20 was enacted creating the Regional Autonomous Government in Western and Central Mindanao regions.
    (http://www.armm.gov.ph/armm-history/)

1981        Feb 17, Pope John Paul II met with President Marcos in Manila.
    (HN, 2/17/98)

1981        Emily Hahn, American writer (1905-1997), wrote: “The Islands: America’s Imperial Adventures in the Philippines.”
    (SFC, 2/19/96, p.A20)

1981        In the Philippines Hashim Salamat founded the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) when he and followers split from the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moro_Islamic_Liberation_Front)

1981-1989    In the Philippines leaders of the Communist Party and the New People's Army later acknowledged that a number of rebel commanders killed 600-900 suspected spies and government informers in the southern Mindanao region during the 1980s. In 2006 soldiers found mass graves in an area called "Garden," a hilly jungle near the town of Inopacan in Southern Leyte province.
    (AP, 8/31/06)

1983        Aug 21, Philippine opposition leader Benigno S. Aquino Jr., ending a self-imposed exile in the United States, was shot dead moments after stepping off a plane at Manila International Airport. Fabian Ver (d.1998 at 78), leader of the Philippine army, was among 20 men later charged in the murder of Aquino. Ver fled to Hawaii in 1986 along with Marcos.
    (AP, 8/21/97)

1983        Sep 21, In the Philippines at least 7 people were killed in anti Marcos demonstrations in Manila.
    (http://tinyurl.com/3xjunn)

1983        In the Philippines dictator Ferdinand Marcos secretly took some $228,000 from the National Food Authority and transferred the money to a private account. In 2010 an anti-graft court ordered his wife, Imelda Marcos, to return the money plus 27 years of interest and $44,000 in damages and litigation costs.
    (SSFC, 9/19/10, p.A4)

1984        The volunteer National Citizen’s Movement for Free Elections (Namfrel) was founded by Jose Concepcion with business and church leaders who were disgusted with the corrupt elections run by the Marcos government.
    (SFC, 5/13/98, p.A10)(SFEC, 7/12/98, Z1 p.5)

1984        In the Philippines the Bataan Nuclear Power Plant was completed at a cost of $2.3 billion, but remained dormant. In 2011 it was planned to open to tour groups to teach them about nuclear power.
    (AFP, 5/11/11)

1985        Rotary Int’l., a businessman’s club and global charity, following a successful pilot study in the Philippines announced a plan to eradicate polio by vaccinating every child under five at risk of catching it.
    (Econ, 1/21/12, p.90)

1986        Feb 7, The Philippines held a presidential election marred by charges of fraud against the incumbent, Ferdinand E. Marcos. Corazon Aquino defeated incumbent dictator Ferdinand Marcos but fraudulent returns gave the election to Marcos.
    (AP, 2/7/06)

1986        Feb 15, The Philippines National Assembly proclaimed Ferdinand E. Marcos president for another six years, following an election marked by allegations of fraud. Marcos was later ousted.
    (AP, 2/15/06)

1986        Feb 22, In the Philippines a group of military officers mutinied against Pres. Marcos and holed him up with a small force at a military camp in Manila, leading to three days of protests by hundreds of thousands of citizens that finally toppled him. The Catholic Church’s call for civil disobedience helped to overthrow the dictatorship of Marcos.
    (AP, 8/1/09)(Econ, 10/16/10, p.48)

1986        Feb 25, President Ferdinand E. Marcos fled the Philippines after 20 years of rule in the wake of a tainted election. Corazon Aquino assumed the presidency. Pres. Ferdinand Marcos was forced from office after 20 years of rule. He was accused of accumulating billions of dollars during his rule. The Marcoses fled to Hawaii and Imelda Marcos left behind her 5,400 shoes.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1986)(SFC, 8/23/96, p.A26)(AP, 2/25/98)

1986        Feb 28, In the Philippines Pres. Corazon Aquino signed executive order No. 1 creating the Presidential Commission on Good Governance. It was created to trace and recover assets stolen under the Marcos regime, estimated at up to $10 billion. By 2007 only a quarter of that number was retrieved.
    (www.lawphil.net/executive/execord/eo1986/eo_1_1986.html)(Econ, 8/11/07, p.33)

1986        Feb, Eduardo Cojuangco (b.1935), aka Danding and crony capitalist to Pres. Marcos, fled the Philippines. Cojuango had acquired a controlling stake in San Miguel beer using public funds deposited in a bank that he controlled. In 1999 Mr. Cojuango regained his position as head of the board of San Miguel even pending litigation for 'ill-gotten wealth."
    (WSJ, 8/30/99, p.A1,10)(www.asiaweek.com/asiaweek/98/0724/biz3.html)

1986        Nov 13, In the Philippines the body of opposition trade leader union Rolando Olalia was found in a Manila suburb.
    (SFEC, 7/12/98, Z1 p.5)(www.mahk.com/sc1613.htm)

1986        Nov 15, In the Philippines Japanese executive Noboyuki Wakaoji was kidnapped. He was released after over four months in captivity allegedly after the payment of a huge ransom. Two gang members wee later convicted sentenced to life terms. In 2010 Rolando Fajardo, leader of the kidnapping gang, was arrested.
    (www.pctc.gov.ph/papers/InternationalTerrorism.htm)(AFP, 11/1/10)

1986        Nov 23, Philippine President Corazon Aquino dismissed defense chief Juan Ponce Enrile after reported coup attempt.
    (AP, 11/23/02)

1986        In the Philippines the People Power Uprising took place on Manila’s main thoroughfare, later renamed EDSA, Epifanio de los Santos Avenue, after one of the revolution’s heroes.
    (SFEC, 7/12/98, Z1 p.4)
1986        In the Philippines the Communist New People’s Army staged Operation Zombie, a bloody purge of suspected informers. In 2001 some 75 bodies were discovered in 8 mass graves at Cagayan de Oro.
    (SFC, 3/30/01, p.D4)

1987        May 11, Legislative elections in the Philippines gave pro-Aquino candidates a large majority.
    (www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0107887.html)

1987        Aug 27, In the Philippines members of the Reform the Armed Forces Movement, led by Colonel Gregorio Honasan, attempted to overthrow Pres. Corazon Aquino. Her son Benigno Aquino and four guards were ambushed as they rushed to the presidential palace. 3 guards were killed.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1986%E2%80%9390_Philippine_coup_attempts)(Econ, 5/31/14, p.36)   

1987        Sep 19, Philippine leftist opposition leader Leandro Alejandro (b.1960) was murdered.
    (SFEC, 7/12/98, Z1 p.5)

1987        Nov 26, Powerful typhoon whipped across Philippines, killing 270 people and damaging or destroying 14,000 homes.
    (AP, 11/26/02)

1987        Dec 20, The Dona Paz, a Philippine passenger ship, collided with the tanker Vector off Mindoro island, setting off a double explosion. 4,375 people on the ferry were killed as well as 11 of the tanker's 13-man crew.
    (AP, 2/3/06)(Reuters, 8/17/13)

1987        A new constitution for the Philippines was drafted with checks and balances to prevent a return to strongman rule.
    (Econ, 7/3/04, p.20)
1987        The Philippines abolished the death penalty. Capital punishment was reimposed in 1994 in response to widespread crime.
    (SFC, 2/6/99, p.A12)(SFC, 6/26/99, p.A13)
1987        Ben Chan introduced his 1st Bench clothing store in the Philippines. By 2005 it grew to over 300 stores and opened up its 1st US store in Daly City, Ca.
    (SFC, 6/4/05, p.C1)
1987        In the Philippines the government seized some 22 billion pesos from billionaire Lucio Tan alleging in court Tan conspired with Dictator Marcos to acquire them illegally. On June 13, 2012, an anti-graft court ruled that the seizure, about $520 million at current exchange rates, was illegal.
    (AFP, 6/14/12)

1988        Oct 21, A federal grand jury in New York indicted former Philippine President Ferdinand E. Marcos and his wife, Imelda, on charges of fraud and racketeering. Marcos died before he could be brought to trial; his widow, Imelda, was acquitted in 1990. 
    (AP, 10/21/98)

1988        Ed Gerlach, American priest, started the Bahay Tuluyan center for street kids in the Ermita district (a former red-light area) of Manila.
    (SFEC, 6/15/97, p.D1)

1988        The Philippine Congress, at the urging of Mrs. Aquino, passed the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP), which limited individual landowners to 7 hectares of farmland, but the legislation was filled with loopholes.
    (Econ, 12/10/05, p.49)

1988        Rogelio Roxas testified that Ferdinand Marcos had used the help of a Nevada mining engineer to import a smelter to melt down 1,000 tons of gold bullion and a 3-foot gold statue of Buddha filled with diamonds. The treasure had been confiscated from all over Asia by the Japanese.
    (SFC, 10/12/97, p.A18)

1988        The separatist Moro Islamic Liberation Front split and the National Front formed a separate organization. They signed a unity pact in 2001.
    (SFC, 8/8/01, p.A8)

1988-1993    Jamal Khalifa, a brother-in-law to Osama bin Laden, operated the Benevolence Int’l. Corp. in Manila.
    (WSJ, 9/25/01, p.A12)

1989        Apr 19, Adnan Khashoggi, a Saudi financier, was arrested in Switzerland at the request of the US Government, which is seeking his extradition to New York to stand trial on charges of racketeering, fraud and obstruction of justice. He faced charges stemming from ''illegal property dealings'' on behalf of Ferdinand E. Marcos, the ousted President of the Philippines, and his wife, Imelda. In 1992 Khashoggi  and Imelda Marcos were found not guilty of racketeering by a jury in Manhattan.
    (http://tinyurl.com/qp8da)(www.maykuth.com/Archives/marcos90.htm)

1989        Apr 21, In the Philippines there was a communist guerrilla ambush on Col. James Nicolas Rowe. His car was raked with bullets near his office in the Manila suburb of Quezon City, killing him and wounding his driver. Donato Continente and co-defendant Juanito Itaas, who admitted being a member of the communist New People's Army, were convicted and sentenced to life in prison in 1991. The Supreme Court later affirmed Itaas' sentence and reduced Continente's to 14 years after establishing he was an accomplice. Continente was released in 2005.
    (AP, 6/28/05)

1989        Sep 28, Deposed Philippine President Ferdinand E. Marcos died in exile in Hawaii at age 72. He was the author of 2 books: "The Law of Human Rights in the Philippines" and "Democracy in the Philippines." Marcos’ corrupt US backed regime in the Philippines spanned over twenty years. Corazon Aquino was his successor.
    (SFC, 8/23/96, p.A26)(AP, 9/28/97)(SFC, 5/12/97, p.A18)

1990        Feb 17, The first set of Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) officials were elected. Due to electoral protest, the ARMM formally started to function only on July 9, 1990 following the oath taking of Atty. Zacaria A. Candao as First Regional Governor of ARMM.
    (http://www.armm.gov.ph/armm-history/)

1990        Feb 19, Defense Secretary Dick Cheney, snubbed by Philippine President Corazon Aquino, met in Manila with Defense Minister Fidel Ramos to discuss the future of U.S. bases in the country.
    (AP, 2/19/00)

1990        Jul 16, A 7.7 earthquake in Philippines killed some 5,000 people.
    (www.drj.com/drworld/content/w1_116.htm)

1990        US Pres. Bush signed a law granting Filipino fighters of WW II US citizenship.
    (SFEC,12/14/97, Z1 p.1,4)
1990        Stanley Karnow (1925-2013), American journalist, authored “In Our Image,” a companion to a PBS documentary on the Philippines, which won the Pulitzer Prize.
    (SFC, 1/28/13, p.C4)

1991        Jun 12, The Mount Pinatubo volcano in the Philippines began erupting for the 1st time in 600 years. [see Jun 15]
    (AP, 6/12/01)(HN, 6/12/02)

1991        Jun 15, Mount Pinatubo (4,750 feet high) exploded in a cataclysmic eruption. Due to early warning 56,000 people were evacuated and only 450 people died. The eruption forced the closure of Clark Air Force Base in Angeles City and displaced hundreds of families of the Aeta tribe. [see June 12]
    (SSFC, 11/11/01, p.F4)(http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/1997/fs113-97/)

1991        Jun 29, Estrellita Vizconde and her 2 daughters, Carmela (18), and Jennifer (7), were stabbed to death. Carmela was raped repeatedly and stabbed 17 times. In 2000 eight defendants, all members of rich families, were found guilty and sentenced to life in prison. Two of the defendants were still at large.
    (SFC, 1/7/00, p.D3)

1991        Nov 5, Nearly 7,000 people were killed in floods in the Philippines.
    (AP, 11/5/01)

1991        Nov 26, The Stars and Stripes were lowered for the last time at Clark Air Base in Angeles City, Philippines, as the United States abandoned one of its oldest and largest overseas installations, which was damaged by a volcano.
    (SFEC, 11/17/96, p.A12)(AP, 11/26/01)

1991        Dec 27, The United States and the Philippines announced that the United States would abandon the Subic Bay naval base by the end of 1992.
    (AP, 12/27/01)
 
1991        Abdujarak Abubakar Janjalani, a Muslim scholar with military training in Libya, broke with the Moro National Liberation Front and formed “Abu Sayyaf,” (bearer of the sword). Jamal Khalifa, a brother-in-law to Osama bin Laden, helped co-found the Abu Sayyaf and acted as lead adviser to Abdurajak Janjalani, a young Islamic radical.
    (SFC, 5/9/00, p.A10)(WSJ, 9/25/01, p.A12)

1991        The Abu Sayyaf group bombed a cargo ship in Zamboanga City.
    (WSJ, 9/25/01, p.A12)

1992        Jun 30, Fidel Ramos was sworn in as the new president of the Philippines. Joseph Estrada was elected vice-president with twice as many votes in a separate race.
    (AP, 6/30/97)(SFEC,11/23/97, p.A25)

1992        Nov. 24, The US military closed the Subic Bay Naval Station and left the Philippines.
    (HFA, '96, p.18)(SFEC, 11/17/96, p.A12)

1992        Philippine Airlines was sold to tycoon Lucio Tan, but the government retained a 20% interest.
    (WSJ, 6/9/98, p.A14)

1993        May 25, In the Philippines Rogelio Roxas, a coin-collector and treasure hunter, died from apparent poisoning as he prepared to leave for a court appearance in Hawaii. In 1996 a Hawaiian court awarded the Golden Buddha Corp., a consortium established by Roxas, $22 billion in damages to be collected from the Marcos estate for the stolen Yamashita treasure.
    (SFC, 10/12/97, p.A18)(www.state.hi.us/jud/20606.htm)

1993        Sep 9, Former Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos was buried in his homeland, four years after his death in exile.
    (AP, 9/9/98)

1993        Sep 24, Imelda Marcos, wife of the late Ferdinand Marcos, former dictator of the Philippines, was sentenced to 18 years imprisonment after being found guilty on charges of widespread corruption. Imelda was also noted for her vast shoe collection.
    (www.atlapedia.com/online/countries/philipp.htm)

1994        Nov 13, President Clinton, visiting the Philippines, sought to assure world leaders that his party's severe losses in midterm elections wouldn't undercut his foreign policy.
    (AP, 11/13/99)

1994        Dec 11, A Philippine Airlines flight from Manila to Tokyo was bombed. A Japanese passenger was killed and 10 people were injured. Later US prosecutors accused Ramzi Ahmed Yousef of placing the bomb and of masterminding the 1993 bombing of the World Trade Center. Yousef denied placing the airline bomb because he was imprisoned at the time.
    (SFC, 5/31/96, A4)

1994        The death penalty was restored due to widespread crime.
    (SFC, 1/19/99, p.A7)(SFC, 6/26/99, p.A13)

1994        A federal jury in Hawaii awarded 9,539 victims and heirs $1.2 billion in “exemplary damages” against the estate of former Philippine Pres. Ferdinand Marcos. In 1995 the same jury awarded the plaintiffs $766 million for injury compensation. In 1996 an appeals court in San Francisco upheld the verdict. In 1999 a $150 million settlement was reached with the funds to come from Marcos funds in Swiss banks.
    (SFC, 12/18/96, p.C4)(SFC, 2/25/99, p.A12)

1995        Jan 6, Ramzi Ahmed Yousef and Abdul Hakim Murad were arrested in Manila, Philippines, when explosives that they were mixing blew up and alerted the police. In their apartment were found bomb-making manuals and timers and evidence that they intended to blow up US jetliners. They were found guilty by a jury in New York on 9/5/96.
    (SFC, 9/6/96, p.C5)

1995        Jan 13, Authorities in the Philippines said they had unearthed a conspiracy by militant Muslims to assassinate Pope John Paul II during his visit.
    (AP, 1/13/00)

1995        Jan 14, Pope John Paul II addressed a huge rally in Manila, urging young people to reject cynicism.
    (AP, 1/14/00)

1995        Jan 15, Pope John Paul II celebrated a final Mass during his visit to the Philippines, drawing millions of people.
    (AP, 1/15/00)

1995        Apr, Abu Sayyaf rebels raided the market town of Ipil. The looted banks, seized dozens of “human shields,” and executed 54 villagers.
    (WSJ, 9/25/01, p.A12)

1995        May 21, Larry Lee Hillblom, co-founder and majority shareholder of DHL Corp., disappeared into the Pacific Ocean in his World War II vintage seaplane. He was conservatively valued at 500 million and willed most of his estate to a charitable trust for medical research. $240 million was set aside for medical research at UCSF. He named the Bank of Saipan as executor but left behind a number of illegitimate children in the Philippines and the Mariana Islands who are laying claim to his estate. In 1998 4 children won $90 million settlements each. Later it was learned that many of his personal effects in Saipan were buried to avoid DNA tests for paternity confirmation. In 2012 James D. Scurlock authored “The Life and Ruins of a Billionaire Genius.”
    (WSJ, 5/15/96, p.A1,8)(SFEC, 1/11/98, p.A1)(SFEC, 8/16/98, p.A1)(WSJ, 3/20/00, p.A1)(SSFC, 2/12/12, p.F7)

1995        Nov 3, Typhoon Angela killed at least 500 people in the northern Philippines and 200 were reported missing. Winds hit the main island of Luzon at 167 mph. Typhoon “Angela” ripped through the Philippines, killing more than 880 people.
    (WSJ,11/6/95, p.A-1)(AP, 11/3/00)

1995        Abu Sayyaf guerrillas (Bearer of the Sword in Arabic), a small fundamentalist splinter group of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front, massacred 53-54 people at Ipil near Zamboanga del Norte. They were reportedly trained in Libya and fought in Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 5/6/00, p.A11)(SFC, 5/9/00, p.A10)

1995        Tropical storm Zack killed at least 68 people and left thousands homeless. The storm struck hardest on the islands of Negros and Panay.
    (WSJ, 10/30/95, p.A-1)

1995        China seized Mischief Reef, part of the Spratly Islands in the South China Sea, that were claimed by the Philippines.
    (WSJ, 3/5/97, p.A16)(Econ, 3/31/07, SR p.7)

1996        Mar 19, A fire at a Quezon City nightclub in the Philippines killed at least 149 young people celebrating the end of their school year.
    (WSJ, 3/19/96, p.A-1)

1996        Mar (late), In a major mining accident an estimated 3 million tons of tailings leaked from a drainage tunnel of the Marcopper Mining Corp. and smothered the Boac River on the island province of Marinduque.
    (SFC, 6/2/96, p.A-12)

1996        Jun, Talks opened between the government and Muslim rebels to end the 24-year conflict that has killed 50,000 people in the southern islands.
    (WSJ, 6/20/96, p.A1)

1996        Jun 23, a peace agreement was reached with Muslim rebels. Opponents fear being under the administration of former rebels.
    (SFC, 7/3/96, p.C3)

1996        Jul 28, Typhoon Gloria struck and killed at least 39 people on Luzon and left 16 missing.
    (WSJ, 7/29/96, p.A1)

1996        Aug 10, In the Philippines Mount Canlaon erupted and killed 3 climbers. The mountain is one of 21 active volcanoes in the Philippines.
    (SFC, 8/12/96, p.C1)

1996        Sep 2, In the Philippines an accord was signed between pres. Ramos and Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) rebel leader Nur Misuari to end a 24-26 year Muslim rebellion during which some 120,000 people were killed. Many Muslim rebels of the larger Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) continued to fight.
    (WSJ, 8/20/96, p.A1)(SFC, 8/20/96, p.A9)(SFC, 9/2/96, p.A12)(AP, 9/2/97) (SFEM,12/21/97, p.23)(WSJ, 6/22/99, p.A19)

1996        Sep 24, About 3,000 slum dwellers marched to the Presidential Palace in Manila to denounce the demolition of their homes. Wrecking crews have destroyed about 3,000 shanties with 13,000 more scheduled for destruction before the Asia Pacific Economic Conference on Nov 24.
    (SFC, 9/25/96, p.A10)

1996        Nov 15, Tropical storm Ernie ravaged 14 provinces and killed 16 people.
    (SFC, 11/16/96, p.E4)

1996        Nov 20-1996 Nov 25, In the Philippines the summit of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Forum (APEC) was to be held in Manila. APEC has 18 member countries and its goal is to remove all trade barriers by 2020.
    (SFC, 11/18/96, p.A12)(SFC, 11/23/96, p.A8)

1997        Feb 3, In the Philippines Roman Catholic Bishop Benjamin de Jesus was shot to death in the city of Cotaboto on Jolo Island.
    (SFC, 2/4/97, p.A9)

1997        Apr 25, A fire at the New Imperial Hotel in Cotabato City killed at least 24 people and scores were injured.
    (SFC, 4/26/97, p.A12)

1997        May 15, Pres. Fidel Ramos visited California and planned to announce a pact with Oracle Corp. to wire the country for long-distance phone service.
    (SFC, 5/15/97, p.A21)

1997        May 31, From the Philippines it was reported that torrential rains from Tropical Storm Levi killed at least 53 people.
    (SFC, 5/31/97, p.A17)
1997        May 31, The 7-member ASEAN alliance, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, met in Kuala Lumpur and agreed to allow Burma to become a member in July. Laos and Cambodia were also to be admitted. The members were Thailand, Singapore, the Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei and Vietnam.
    (SFEC, 6/1/97, p.D3)

1997        Jul 18, In the Philippines the government signed a general cease-fire with the Moro Islamic Liberation Front, the country's 2nd largest Muslim rebel group.
    (SFC, 7/19/97, p.A11)

1997        Jul, A $1.1 billion bailout package was arranged. The government was obliged to raise interest rates and run a budget surplus.
    (SFC, 1/8/98, p.A7)

1997        Sep 13, In the Philippines the Mount Pinukis volcano, 120 miles east of Zamboanga City, erupted after being dormant since 1985.
    (SFC, 9/13/97, p.A20)

1997        Sep 20, Pres. Ramos announced that he would not run for re-election. A mass protest was staged the next day anyway to prevent a change in the constitution that would allow a 2nd term.
    (SFEC, 9/21/97, p.A1)

1997        Oct 20, Typhoon Ivan with 93 mph winds plowed into the northeastern Philippines.
    (SFC,10/21/97, p.A13)

1997        Dec 12, In Switzerland the high court told Swiss banks to send some $500 million in assets of the late Ferdinand Marcos back to the Philippines.
    (SFC,12/13/97, p.A14)

1998        Feb 2, In the Philippines a Cebu Pacific Air DC-9 crashed on Mount Sumagaya as it approached for landing at Cagayan de Oro. 104 people were onboard. Rescuers reached the wreckage the next day but found no survivors.
    (SFC, 2/3/98, p.A6)(SFC, 2/4/98, p.C3)

1998        Feb 6, Mayor Brown of SF left for Manila and was expected to sign agreements with Mayor Alfredo Lim for workshops on AIDS, student exchange programs, and other deals, and celebrate 100 years of Philippine independence. Mayor Brown was to continue on to Hanoi.
    (SFC, 2/5/98, p.A18)

1998        Mar 22, A Philippine jetliner overshot its runway on landing and hit a row of houses and a disco in Bacolod. 3 people were killed and a hundred injured.
    (WSJ, 3/23/98, p.A1)

1998        Mar 26, Imelda Marcos claimed to have $800 million in foreign banks and promised to give it all to the poor if she is elected in May.
    (SFC, 3/27/98, p.A14)

1998        Apr 29, Imelda Marco withdrew from the presidential race.
    (SFC, 4/30/98, p.A8)

1998        May 11, Elections for a new president were held. Joseph Ejercito Estrada, a former actor known as "Erap" (a Tagalog word for buddy), led the polls. He was opposed by business groups and the Catholic Church. Estrada was declared the winner on May 29.
    (SFC, 5/11/98, p.A1)(WSJ, 5/12/98, p.A1)(SFC, 5/30/98, p.A10)(SFC, 7/6/99, p.A1)

1998        May 16, In the Philippines a fire at the Lung Center of the Philippines, in a suburb of Manila, killed at least 8 people and another 14 were presumed dead.
    (SFC, 5/16/98, p.A11)

1998        Jun 6, A strike by Philippine Airline workers abruptly grounded all flights.
    (SFC, 6/8/98, p.A17)

1998        Jun 30, Joseph Estrada took his oath of office as the nation’s 13th president.
    (SFC, 6/30/98, p.A10)

1998        Jul 5, Pres. Estrada announced that a yacht would be equipped as an office to allow him to spend months in the central Visayas and Mindanao regions.
    (SFC, 7/6/98, p.A9)

1998        Sep 18, In the Philippines the Princess of the Orient passenger ship sank south of Manila near Fortune Island with 443 people on board. There were 311 confirmed survivors. The sinking was blamed on a shift in cargo in heavy seas. Rescue efforts continued off the Philippines for the Princess of the Orient, a ferry which had sunk in a storm, leaving at least 70 people dead and 80 others missing.
    (SFC, 9/19/98, p.A14)(SFEC, 9/20/98, p.A19)(WSJ, 9/21/98, p.A1)(AP, 9/18/08)

1998        Sep 23, Philippine Airlines (b.1941) cancelled its last flight from San Francisco and shut down operations due to financial problems. On Sep 28 Pres. Estrada announced that the airline could reopen following a management agreement with its largest union for a proposed rehabilitation plan.
    (SFC, 9/24/98, p.A19)(SFC, 9/29/98, p.D1)

1998        Oct 14, In the Philippines Typhoon Zeb killed 21 people and forced some 31,000 from their homes. The death toll went up to 74.
    (SFC, 10/15/98, p.C4)(WSJ, 10/19/98, p.A1)(SFC, 10/22/98, p.C5)

1998        Oct 21, Typhoon Babs killed 4 people in the central Philippines. Another 11 were killed on the southern tip of Luzon. A total of 163 people were killed including 71 from landslides on Catanduanes Island.
    (SFC, 10/22/98, p.C5)(WSJ, 10/23/98, p.A1)(SFC, 10/24/98, p.A12)(SFEC, 10/25/98, p.A20)(SFC, 10/26/98, p.A7)(SFC, 10/31/98, p.A8)

1998        Dec 3, In the Philippines a fire burned the Catholic Bahay Kalinga orphanage in Manila and at least 28 people were killed including 23 children.
    (SFC, 12/3/98, p.A21)(WSJ, 12/4/98, p.A1)

1998        The film Milagros was written by Manila playwright Rolando S. Tinio and directed by Marilou Diaz-Abaya. It was about a stripper forced to face family issues after her father dies.
    (SFC, 5/20/98, p.E3)

1998        Abdujarak Abubakar Janjalani, founder of the Abu Sayyaf rebel group, was killed by police in Mindanao. The group’s leadership passed to his brother, Khadaffy Janjalani.
    (SFC, 5/9/00, p.A10)(WSJ, 9/11/00, p.A30)

1999        Jan 2, In the Philippines rebels lobbed a grenade into a crowd watching firemen fight a fire on Jolo Island and at least 10 people were killed and 74 injured. The Abu Sayyaf guerrillas were believed to be responsible.
    (SFC, 1/4/99, p.A22)(WSJ, 1/4/99, p.A1)

1999        Feb 4, Philippine Pres. Estrada signed a document as “Jose Velarde” to withdraw $10 million from an undeclared account. In 2000 Clarissa Ocampo, vice president of Equitable Bank, testified to the false papers before an impeachment court.
    (SFC, 12/23/00, p.A12)
1999        Feb 4, Leo Echegaray, a house painter convicted of raping his 10-year stepdaughter, was executed by lethal injection. It was the first execution there in 23 years.
    (SFC, 2/5/99, p.A15)

1999        Feb 17, In the Philippines Brigadier Gen'l. Victor Obillo was kidnapped by rebels of the New People's Army in the Baguio district of Davao City.
    (SFC, 2/18/99, p.A12)

1999        Feb, Some 60 people died in skirmishes between the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), led by Hashim Salamat, and the army. Guerrilla resistance was based on Mindanao and called for independence.
    (WSJ, 6/22/99, p.A19)

1999        Apr 22, A mudslide in Compostela Valley province left at least 14 people dead in the village of Diwalwal.
    (SFC, 4/24/99, p.A8)

1999        May 27, The Philippine Senate ratified an accord with the US for joint military exercises.
    (SFC, 5/28/99, p.D3)

1999        May 28, It was reported that an estimated 20,000 Ibaloi people on Luzon Island were in the way of a new $1.2 billion San Roque Multi-Purpose Dam Project on the Agno River.
    (SFC, 5/28/99, p.A12)

1999        Jun 7, Elections were set for this date.
    (WSJ, 12/3/98, p.A1)

1999        Jul 25, Raul Manglapus, former foreign secretary, writer, playwright, linguist and musician, died at age 80.
    (SFC, 7/27/99, p.A17)

1999        Aug 3, Three days of rain in the Manila area left 33 dead. At least 49 others died since the rains began on Aug 1.
    (SFC, 8/4/99, p.A8)(SFC, 8/5/99, p.A12)

1999        Aug 12, In the Philippines a big explosion killed at least 7 people in Manila and damaged the headquarters of the National Bureau of Investigation. Police later blamed the explosion on dynamite that had been seized as evidence.
    (WSJ, 8/13/99, p.A1)(SFC, 8/14/99, p.12)(WSJ, 8/23/99, p.A1)

1999        Aug 20, In Manila some 150,000 people protested economic changes in the constitution proposed by Pres. Estrada.
    (SFC, 8/21/99, p.A11)

1999        Sep, Ford Motor Co, planned to begin operating a $110 million car-assembly plant in Laguna, 25 miles south of Manila.
    (WSJ, 4/10/98, p.A9)

1999        Oct 6, Government officials and Muslim separatists agreed to halt a series of deadly clashes in at least 2 southern provinces, Maguindanao and Sultan Kudarat, and to start formal peace talks.
    (SFC, 10/7/99, p.C2)

1999        Oct 7, In the Philippines Typhoon Dan left at least 7 people dead and thousands of homes flooded. This was the 13th typhoon to hit the Philippines this year.
    (SFC, 10/8/99, p.A14)

1999        Nov 14, In the Philippines Moro Islamic Liberation Front rebels clashed with soldiers on Mindanao and 2 people were killed in Tibao.
    (SFC, 11/15/99, p.A19)

1999        Nov 18, In the southern Philippines fighting between government troops and separatist rebels left at least 32 dead.
    (SFC, 11/19/99, p.D2)

1999        Nov 27, In the Philippines the 10-nation ASEAN summit opened.
    (SFEC, 11/28/99, p.A10)

1999        Nov 28, ASEAN leaders in the Philippines agreed to increase cooperation with Japan, China and South Korea in an "East Asia Forum" known as ASEAN+3 and to move toward a common market.
    (SFC, 11/29/99, p.A14)

1999        Nov 28, N.V.M. Gonzalez, Philippine author and retired Cal. State Prof at Hayward, died in Manila at age 84. His novels included "The Winds of April" (1941), "The Bamboo Dancers," and "A Season of Grace."
    (SFC, 12/14/99, p.B4)

1999        Dec 12-1999 Dec 17, A 6.8 earthquake hit the Philippines at Luzon and at least 5 people were killed. A 4.8 earthquake struck Leyte province. In Manila a power outage was caused by jellyfish sucked into water intakes of power plants. The jelly fish pulled from cooling pumps filled 50 dump trucks.
    (SFC, 12/18/99, p.A28)
 
1999        Dec 22, In the Philippines the MV Asia South Korea ferry with 606 passengers sank southeast of Manila near Bantayan Island and at least 9 people were killed. 58 people were missing.
    (SFC, 12/23/99, p.C7)(SFC, 12/24/99, p.A11)

1999        In the Philippines residents were scheduled to move into the Smoky Mountain housing project, built over the accumulation of 50 years of Manila's waste. R-II Builders constructed an elaborate ventilation system to divert methane from the project. The project was built for the 10,000 scavengers who once lived and worked in the area.
    (WSJ, 8/5/99, p.A1)
1999        In the Philippines Pres. Estrada suspended an air-rights pact with Taiwan. The deal helped his friend Mr. Tan, the majority owner of Philippine Airlines. The rest of the country suffered due to indirect routes to Taiwan.
    (WSJ, 9/20/00, p.A6)
1999        In the Philippines Pres. Estrada pocketed a $3.7 million commission from a state pension investment brokered by Jaime Dichaves.
    (SFC, 1/8/02, p.A7)
1999        The Philippines enacted the Visiting Forces Agreement to let American soldiers back into the country following the closures at Subic Bay and Clark Field.
    (WSJ, 11/22/05, p.A13)
1999        The Philippines scuttled the Sierra Madre, a ship built by America during WWII, in the Second Thomas shoal, an area know in the Philippines as Ayungin and in China as Ren’ai.
    (Econ, 3/22/14, p.46)

2000        Feb 20, 2nd round talks between the government and MILF separatists were cancelled. Government troops had earlier begun a major offensive and captured a section of Camp Omar in Maguindanao. Sporadic clashes ensued and dozens of people were killed.
    (SFC, 2/21/00, p.A14)

2000        Feb 24, In the Philippines the Mayon volcano erupted on Luzon.
    (SFC, 2/25/00, p.A16)

2000        Feb 26, In the southern Philippines a series of bombings aboard Super Five Express Buses left 41 people dead and 45 injured. Muslim separatist rebels were suspected.
    (SFEC, 2/27/00, p.A29)

2000        Mar 2, In the Philippines some 40 rebels of the New People's Army killed 10 soldiers at Balilihan in Bohol province.
    (SFC, 3/3/00, p.D4)

2000        Mar 16, In the Philippines at least 23 people were killed in clashes between rebels and army troops in Lanao del Norte province.
    (SFC, 3/18/00, p.C16)

2000        Mar 20, The Abu Sayyaf Muslim rebel group seized over 50 hostages from 2 schools in Basilan province. Most of the hostages were children. 2 teachers were released for ransom on July 21.
    (SFC, 4/18/00, p.A10)(SFC, 7/22/00, p.C1)

2000        Apr 8, Fighting erupted on Mindanao when the army launched an offensive to dislodge rebels from 5 towns in Lanao del Norte province.
    (SFEC, 4/23/00, p.T9)

2000        Apr 10, In the Philippines government troops attacked Camp Bilai, a Muslim rebel camp of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front. A number of guerrillas were killed. 278 rebels and 18 soldiers had died in clashes over the last month.
    (SFC, 4/11/00, p.D4)

2000        Apr 12, In the Philippines the Arlahada ferryboat capsized after leaving Jolo and at least 56 people died. Another 100 were missing and feared dead. The death toll later rose to 133.
    (SFC, 4/13/00, p.A16)(WSJ, 4/17/00, p.A1)

2000        Apr 16, In the Philippines at least 4 people were killed when gunmen threw a grenade at police near a crowded church following a mall robbery.
    (WSJ, 4/17/00, p.A1)

2000        Apr 17, Abu Sayyaf rebels on Basilan Island threatened to kidnap and kill Americans if the US does not release the men convicted for bombing the World Trade Center in New York.
    (SFEC, 4/23/00, p.T9)

2000        Apr 19, An Air Philippines Boeing 737-200 jet crashed and all 131 people aboard were killed on Samal Island following an attempted landing at Davao City. It was the worst air crash in Philippine history
    (SFC, 4/19/00, p.A1)(AP, 4/19/01)

2000        Apr 22, Some 1500 government troops launched a rescue operation on Basilan Island to free the hostages seized on Mar 20.
    (SFC, 4/29/00, p.A12)

2000        Apr 23, Philippine gunmen abducted 20-21 people from a Malaysian resort on Sipadan Island. Islamic insurgents took credit for the attack. They later freed 2 hostages and demanded $2.4 million in ransom for 19 captives. 6 were released for hundreds of thousands in ransom on July 21. [see Aug 27]
    (SFC, 4/25/00, p.A10)(WSJ, 4/27/00, p.A1)(SFC, 7/15/00, p.A13)(SFC, 7/22/00, p.C1)

2000        Apr 28, On Basilan Island government troops gained control of the rebel stronghold after week of fighting that left 6 soldiers were dead and 32 wounded. No hostages were recovered.
    (SFC, 4/29/00, p.A12)

2000        Apr 29, Fighting on Basilan Island left 4 soldiers dead and 27 wounded. On Sulu Island kidnappers made a written demands that included the return of barter trade to the southern Philippines, a ban on large fishing boats to protect local fishermen, and full implementation of a 1976 agreement that called for a 13-province Muslim autonomous region.
    (SFEC, 4/30/00, p.C14)

2000        May 2, Rebels at Talipao threatened to behead 2 hostages if military troops were not pulled back.
    (SFC, 5/3/00, p.A12)

2000        May 3, In the southern Philippines 2 hostages died as the military clashed with rebels under Commander Robot (Ghalib Andang) at Talipao. On Basilan Island 15 hostages, 9 children and 6 teachers, were rescued and 4 were killed when government troops engaged the rebels. At Zamboanga, Mindanao, the MILF took some 100 hostages and at least 4 people were killed.
    (SFC, 5/3/00, p.A12)(SFC, 5/4/00, p.A16)(SFC, 5/5/00, p.A14)

2000        May 4, The e-mail virus “I Love You” bug hit millions of computers around the world. It was considered the most virulent, most damaging ($2.6 bil), most costly and most rapidly spread virus to date.  In Manila Onel de Guzman, a former computing student, was later released with all charges dismissed due to lack of evidence.
    (SFC, 5/5/00, p.A1)(SFC, 5/6/00, p.A1)(SFC, 8/22/00, p.A11)

2000        May 5, In The Philippines the government and the MILF agreed to a 48-hour cease-fire on Mindanao.
    (SFC, 5/6/00, p.A11)

2000        May 7, In the Philippines 13 soldiers and 3 rebels were killed in a clash on Basilan Island.
    (SFC, 5/8/00, p.A13)

2000        May 8, Investigators arrested a Manila bank employee, Reomel Ramones, suspected in the creation of the “Love Bug” computer virus.
    (SFC, 5/9/00, p.A1)

2000        May 9, Reomel Ramones, suspect in the “Love Bug” computer virus case, was released due to lack of evidence. His girlfriend, Irene de Guzman, failed to turn herself in as promised.
    (SFC, 5/10/00, p.A2)

2000        May 17, Islamic rebels asked for $2 million for the freedom of ailing German hostage Renate Wallert. They also issued written conditions that included the creation of an independent Islamic state and a global probe into the plight of the Muslim minority.
    (SFC, 5/18/00, p.A11)(WSJ, 5/18/00, p.A1)

2000        May 21, In the Philippines soldiers rescued 2 children held by hostages on Basilan. 7 hostages still remained with Muslim rebels.
    (SFC, 5/22/00, p.A11)

2000        May 28, Muslim guerrillas staged 3 attacks and killed at least 15 people including 12 civilians in the southern Philippines. Separately 26 people were arrested on suspicion of involvement in the recent Manila bombings.
    (SFC, 5/29/00, p.A14)

2000        Jun 2, Over 30 Moro rebels were killed along with one government soldier in North Cotabato province.
    (SFC, 6/3/00, p.A12)

2000        Jun 23, The military captured Camp Rajamuda, a guerrilla stronghold in Maguindanao and North Cotabato provinces. The weeklong operation left 4 guerrillas and one soldier dead.
    (SFC, 6/24/00, p.A13)

2000        Jun 28, In the Philippines Communist guerrillas killed 12 soldiers and an army brigade commander in the town of Jones in northern Isabela province.
    (SFC, 6/29/00, p.C6)

2000        Jul 5, In the Philippines the army carried out a large offensive against Muslim separatists and bombarded the 25,000-acre Camp Abubakar on southern Mindanao.
    (SFC, 7/6/00, p.A13)

2000        Jul 7, Typhoon Kai Tak killed at least 39 people in the Philippines and moved on to Japan.
    (SFC, 7/8/00, p.A11)(WSJ, 7/10/00, p.A1)

2000        Jul 9, Government troops captured the headquarters of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front at Camp Abubakar in Maguindanao province.
    (SFC, 7/10/00, p.A10)

2000        Jul 10, In the Philippines a garbage dump in Quezon City, a Manila suburb, collapsed and burst into flames. At least 124 people were killed in the Lupang Pangako shantytown at the Payatas dump. The camp was called the Promised Land. 200 were feared to have died.
    (SFC, 7/11/00, p.A14)(WSJ, 7/111/00, p.A1)(SFC, 7/12/00, p.A10)(SFC, 7/13/00, p.C4)(SFC, 7/15/00, p.A24)

2000        Jul 22, Muslim rebels in the southern Philippines ambushed a truck carrying workers for Maranao Planters and killed 13 people, including 3 women and a 2-year-old boy. 14 were wounded.
    (SFC, 7/24/00, p.A16)

2000        Aug 18, Three Malaysians were released by Abu Sayyaf rebels.
    (WSJ, 8/21/00, p.A12)

2000        Aug 21, In the Philippines rebels killed 17 army soldiers in Negros Occidental province.
    (SFC, 8/22/00, p.A12)

2000        Aug 24, Police found the bodies of 5 truck drivers kidnapped 2 days earlier in Maguindanao province.
    (SFC, 8/25/00, p.D8)

2000        Aug 27, Kidnappers in the southern Philippines released 6 foreign hostages for a reported $5 million in ransom. The 5 were part of a group of 21 kidnapped on Apr 23.
    (SFC, 8/28/00, p.A11)

2000        Aug 28, Abu Sayyaf guerrillas abducted Jeffrey Schilling (24), their first American hostage.
    (SFC, 8/30/00, p.A1)

2000        Sep 1, Abu Sayyaf rebels demanded $10 million for the release of Jeffrey Schilling and later said that Schilling had begun a hunger strike.
    (SFC, 9/2/00, p.A12)

2000        Sep 8, Abu Sayyaf rebels freed 4 more hostages held since April 23. Libya paid a reported $1 million per hostage. The hostages later reported that rebels had raped female hostages.
    (SFC, 9/9/00, p.A10)(SFEC, 9/10/00, p.C15)(SFC, 9/11/00, p.A14)

2000        Sep 10, In Malaysia Abu Sayyaf rebels kidnapped 3 men from Pandanan Island off Borneo and took them to Jolo island in the Philippines.
    (WSJ, 9/12/00, p.A1)

2000        Sep 14, Guerrillas bombed 3 gas stations and lawmakers planned to undo economic reforms and nationalize oil imports to cut soaring fuel costs.
    (WSJ, 9/15/00, p.A1)

2000        Sep 16, The military under orders from Pres. Estrada staged a surprise attack on Abu Sayyaf rebels on Jolo Island.
    (SFC, 9/16/00, p.A1)(SFEC, 9/17/00, p.A2)

2000        Sep 17, Military forces said 6 Abu Sayyaf guerrillas were killed and 20 arrested. The pursuit continued.
    (SFC, 9/18/00, p.A8)

2000        Sep 19, A government court ruled that nearly $627 million in Swiss bank deposits belonging to the late dictator Ferdinand Marcos should go to the government.
    (SFC, 9/20/00, p.A14)

2000        Sep 20, Two French television journalists were rescued from Abu Sayyaf rebels. 7 rebels were reported killed and 20 captured after 5 days of fighting.
    (SFC, 9/20/00, p.A14)

2000        Sep 25, It was reported that at least 3 civilians had been accidentally killed by soldiers in pursuit of Abu Sayyaf rebels. Some 14,000 people were forced to flee their homes.
    (SFC, 9/25/00, p.A16)

2000        Sep 26, In the Philippines the Supreme Court announced an 18-month sentence for Tommy Suharto for corruption.
    (SFC, 9/27/00, p.A15)

2000        Sep 26, Philippine Abu Sayyaf rebels claimed to have escaped from Jolo Island.
    (SFC, 9/27/00, p.A15)

2000        Sep 27, In the Philippines 10 people died after some 50 rebels of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front attacked farmers and soldiers in Carmen village, North Cotabato province.
    (SFC, 9/29/00, p.D2)

2000        Sep 27, Jolo Island villagers in Lapu dumped 3 Abu Sayyaf rebel bodies at a police station. 3 villagers were also killed in the fight with rebels.
    (SFC, 9/28/00, p.C2)

2000        Oct 2, On Jolo Island soldiers freed 12 Christian evangelists from Abu Sayyaf rebels after one escaped and alerted the military. The guerrillas escaped with 5 remaining hostages.
    (SFC, 10/3/00, p.A8)

2000        Oct 5, Pres Estrada presided over the surrender of 600 Muslim rebels.
    (WSJ, 10/6/00, p.A1)

2000        Oct 9, Philippines Gov. Luis Singson of Ilocos Sur province charged that Pres. Estrada received over $11 million in payoffs, mostly from illegal gambling.
    (SFC, 10/10/00, p.A13)

2000        Oct 10, Military officials said 15 Abu Sayyaf rebels surrendered in Talipao town on Jolo Island. 129 guerrillas were reported killed and 53 captured during the recent assault on Jolo.
    (SFC, 10/11/00, p.A4)

2000        Oct 14, Philippine troops arrested 36 suspected supporters of Abu Sayyaf rebels and 6 others surrendered on Jolo Island.
    (SFC, 10/16/00, p.F8)

2000        Oct 18, In the Philippines opposition legislators filed a resolution for the impeachment of Pres. Estrada for taking bribes. Some 15,000 people massed in Manila and called for Estrada’s resignation.
    (SFC, 10/19/00, p.A17)

2000        Oct 19, In the Philippines at least 9 people were reported killed and 11 wounded in several attacks by the MILF.
    (SFC, 10/20/00, p.D8)

2000        Oct 24, A rebel commander and 18 followers surrendered on Jolo Island.
    (SFC, 10/25/00, p.A16)

2000        Oct 25, Three Malaysian hostages held by rebels were rescued on Jolo Island.
    (SFC, 10/25/00, p.A16)(SFC, 10/26/00, p.D8)

2000        Oct 29, In the Philippines Typhoon Xangsane left 14 dead on Luzon and moved toward China.
    (WSJ, 10/30/00, p.A1)

2000        Nov 2, Pres. Estrada offered to let voters decide his future in a referendum as more members of his cabinet resigned.
    (SFC, 11/3/00, p.A18)

2000        Nov 4, Tens of thousands rallied in Manila for Pres. Estrada to resign.
    (SFEC, 11/5/00, p.A1)

2000        Nov 9, Perfecto Yasay, the former SEC Chairman, charged that Pres. Estrada forced him to resign. Yasay had accused the president of attempting to influence an investigation of an Estrada friend. Yasay had also tried to block the sale of a controlling stake in Philippine Long Distance Telephone for which Estrada received a $20 million kickback.
    (SFC, 11/10/00, p.D2)

2000        Nov 10, A landslide buried 11 children in Kabugao, Apayao province.
    (SFC, 11/11/00, p.C18)

2000        Nov 13, The House of Representatives approved an impeachment trial to address corruption charges against Pres. Estrada.
    (SFC, 11/14/00, p.A1)

2000        Nov 14, Some 20,000 marched in Manila for the ouster of Pres. Estrada.
    (SFC, 11/15/00, p.A12)

2000        Nov 20, Senators presented Pres. Estrada a 270-page articles of impeachment for corruption and constitutional violations.
    (SFC, 11/21/00, p.A12)

2000        Nov 24, In the Philippines Salvador "Bubby" Dacer, a publicist who represented top political figures, was kidnapped and later killed along with his driver. Police boss Sen. Panfilo Lacson was later linked to the killing. In 2009 Cesar Mancao, a former senior Philippine police official accused of the double homicide, was extradited from the US after agreeing to testify in the case.
    (AP, 6/4/09)(http://dic.academic.ru/dic.nsf/enwiki/3133909)

2000        Nov 25, Military troops retook Camp Bushra in Lanao del Sur province and reported 10 rebels killed. The rebels reported 22 military casualties.
    (SFC, 11/27/00, p.A8)

2000        Nov 28, At least 8 people were killed when government forces clashed with a group that abducted Marilyn Tiu, the wife of a businessman in Zamboanga del Sur province.
    (SFC, 11/30/00, p.C7)

2000        Dec 9, It was reported that Tropical Storm Rumbia had killed at least 29 people in the Philippines.
    (SFC, 12/9/00, p.D8)

2000        Dec 10, Pres. Estrada announced that he would order the commutation of all death sentences to life imprisonment.
    (SFC, 12/11/00, p.F8)

2000        Dec 14, In the southern Philippines Muslim extremists killed 3 passengers on a motorcycle taxi.
    (SSFC, 12/17/00, p.D11)

2000        Dec 30, In the Philippines 5 bomb blasts hit Manila and at least 22 people were killed. Muslim rebels were blamed. One of bombs was on a train and killed at least 13. Police arrested 17 men on Jan 4. 7 Muslim guerrillas were indicted including Salamat Hashim, chairman of the Moro Liberation Front. The Jemaah Islamiyah, an militant group linked to al Qaeda, was involved in the train bombing. In 2009 three men, including one of the Philippines' top terror suspects, were sentenced to life in prison for one of the bombings that killed 11 people. The attacks revealed close coordination among militants across the region.
    (SFC, 12/30/00, p.A1)(SFC, 12/31/00, p.A1)(SFC, 1/5/01, p.D3)(SFC, 1/9/01, p.A15)(WSJ, 8/13/02, p.A14)(AP, 1/23/09)

2001        Jan 15, In the Philippines flooding of the Balugo River and tributaries drove some 12,000 people from their homes.
    (SFC, 1/16/01, p.A10)

2001        Jan 16, The prosecution against Pres. Estrada quit after the Senate voted to deny access to crucial evidence.
    (SFC, 1/17/01, p.A10)

2001        Jan 20, Pres. Estrada stepped down as tens of thousands, united by cell phone messages, marched on his residence. Vice President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo (53), daughter of former pres. Diosdado Macapagal, took over power.
    (SFC, 1/20/01, p.A1,12)

2001        Jan 26, Pres. Arroyo forced her Cabinet ministers to sign an 8-point “covenant” that included pledges to show “respect for others,” live a simple lifestyle and focus on the poor.
    (SFC, 1/27/01, p.A14)

2001        Feb 6, Pres. Arroyo named Sen. Teofisto Guingona as her vice president. Former pres. Estrada filed a suit disputing the legal basis for Arroyo’s presidency.
    (SFC, 2/7/01, p.A12)

2001        Feb 7, Citizens filed a lawsuit against former Pres. Estrada to seize some $400 million in unexplained wealth and give it to the government.
    (SFC, 2/8/01, p.C3)

2001        Feb 19, Pres. Arroyo announced a cease-fire with southern separatists. She hoped Mindanao rebels would reciprocate. Separately 10 people drowned and a dozen were missing when their illegal ferry capsized as they tried to reach Malaysia for work.
    (SFC, 2/20/01, p.A9)

2001        Mar 2, The Supreme Court affirmed the legitimacy of Pres. Gloria Macapagal Arroyo and denied immunity to former Pres. Estrada.
    (SFC, 3/3/01, p.A12)

2001        Mar 15, Ten police officers were sentenced to death for accepting $13,265 in bribes from alleged drug dealers in 1999.
    (SFC, 3/16/01, p.A16)

2001        Apr 5, Former Pres. Estrada was indicted for allegedly pocketing $82 million in kickbacks and payoffs over his 2 ½ years in office.
    (SFC, 4/6/01, p.D6)

2001        Apr 7, Manila went dark for 14 hours when a transmission line overloaded and cut power to 35 million people.
    (WSJ, 4/9/01, p.A1)

2001        Apr 12, Government troops raided the Abu Sayyaf rebel camp on Jolo Island and freed Jeffrey Schilling. Some of the rebels were killed and others wounded.
    (SFC, 4/13/01, p.A1)

2001        Apr 16, Former Pres. Estrada turned himself in on an arrest warrant and was released on bond. 5 of 8 charges were dropped the next day in order to concentrate on his corruption case.
    (SFC, 4/18/01, p.A13)

2001        Apr 24, Former Pres. Joseph Estrada was ordered to be arrested on charges of plunder.
    (SFC, 4/25/01, p.A8)

2001        Apr 25, Ousted Philippine President Joseph Estrada became the country's first leader to be arrested for alleged corruption in office. Estrada was jailed on 8 charges.
    (SFC, 4/26/01, p.A12)(AP, 4/25/02)

2001        Apr 30, In the Philippines the army went on alert after Cardinal Sin urged people into the streets to defend democracy and Pres. Arroyo from defenders of former Pres. Estrada. Some 20,000 followers of Estrada tried to storm the presidential palace and at least 4 people were killed.
    (SFC, 4/30/01, p.A8)(SFC, 5/1/01, p.A8)(WSJ, 5/1/01, p.A1)

2001        May 1, In the Philippines Pres. Arroyo declared a “state of rebellion” and ordered the arrest of 2 senators and several military officials loyal to former Pres. Estrada. Some 40,000 protesters marched on Malacanang Palace and 3 people were killed.
    (SFC, 5/2/01, p.A1)(SFC, 5/3/01, p.B1)

2001        May 6, Pres. Arroyo lifted the “state of rebellion” order.
    (SFC, 5/7/01, p.C1)

2001        May 14, Midterm elections were held for half the Senate and the entire House of Representatives and 17,600 municipal and provincial posts. The Communist associated Nation First Party won 3 seats.
    (SFC, 5/14/01, p.A9)(SFC, 8/21/01, p.A6)

2001        May 15, Gunmen killed a policeman and stole ballot boxes as voting continued. Arroyo’s party held a flimsy lead.
    (WSJ, 5/16/01, p.A1)

2001        May 22, Two workers were killed at the Pearl Farms resort on Samal Island during an attack by suspected Muslim rebels. Guards repulsed the attack.
    (SFC, 5/24/01, p.C3)

2001        May 24, Muslim rebels kidnapped 40 people traveling from Basilan to Babuan Island.
    (SFC, 5/26/01, p.A10)

2001        May 27, Gunmen abducted 21 people from the Dos Palmas Island Resort in Palawan province, Philippines. Guillermo Sobero from Corona, Ca., was one of the 3 abducted Americans. The Abu Sayyaf claimed responsibility. Sobero was later beheaded. Missionaries Martin and Gracia Burnham were among the kidnapped. A $300,000 ransom for the Burnhams was paid in 2002, but the rebels then asked for $200,000 more. [see Jun 7, 2002]
    (SSFC, 5/27/01, p.A12)(SFC, 5/29/01, p.A8)(SFC, 10/25/01, p.C2)(SFC, 11/27/01, p.A6)(SFC, 4/27/02, p.A11)

2001        Jun 2, Government forces engaged Muslim separatists at Lamitan on Basilan Island. At least 12 soldiers were killed in 2 days of fighting. New hostages were reported taken. It was later reported that army officers accepted bribes to allow Abu Sayyaf rebels to escape.
    (SFC, 6/2/01, p.A8)(SSFC, 6/3/01, p.A16)(SFC, 8/25/01, p.A9)

2001        Jun 12, On Basilan Island Muslim rebels claimed to have beheaded Guillermo Sobero of Corona, Ca., one of the hostages kidnapped May 27.
    (SFC, 6/12/01, p.A8)(SFC, 6/13/01, p.D4)

2001        Jun 14, Francis Ganzon, a Muslim cleric, and Kimberly Jao (13) were released by Abu Sayyaf rebels on Basilan Island. Mohaimin Sahi, a Muslim cleric negotiator taken captive a few days earlier, was also released.
    (SSFC, 6/17/01, p.A13)

2001        Jun 21, On Zamboanga 3 severed heads were found in the area where Muslim extremists claimed to have killed Guillermo Sobero of Riverside, Ca.
    (SFC, 6/22/01, p.A15)

2001        Jun 22, The Philippine government signed a peace agreement with the Moro Islamic Liberation Front.
    (SFC, 6/23/01, p.A9)

2001        Jun 24, In Legazpi the Mayon volcano erupted and at least 7,000 villagers fled their homes.
    (SFC, 6/25/01, p.A9)

2001        Jun, The US indicted 5 Philippine Abu Sayyaf leaders including Hamsiraji Sali and Khadaffy Janjalany for the May 27 kidnapping of 3 Americans.
    (SFC, 4/9/04, p.A3)

2001        Jul 3, At Zamboanga Abu Sayyaf rebels freed 2 hostages and warned the government to withdraw from Muslim-majority islands or face more kidnappings.
    (SFC, 7/4/01, p.A12)
2001        Jul 3, In the Philippines 53 people were left dead in landslides from Typhoon Utor as the storm moved toward Taiwan.
    (WSJ, 7/5/01, p.A1)(SFC, 7/6/01, p.D3)

2001        Jul 8, Police in General Santos City arrested Nadzmie Sabtulah, a high-ranking member of the Abu Sayyaf Muslim extremists.
    (SFC, 7/9/01, p.A8)

2001        Aug 2, Abu Sayyaf extremists seized 36 Filipinos civilians on Basilan island and beheaded 10 of them.
    (SFC, 8/4/01, p.A6)(SSFC, 8/5/01, p.A14)

2001        Aug 4, Philippine soldiers rescued 13 hostages of the 36 seized by Abu Sayyaf rebels on Aug 2.
    (SSFC, 8/5/01, p.A14)

2001        Aug 7, The Islamic and National fronts signed a separate unity pact to bridge their 23-year split. Muslim separatists agreed to a cease-fire with the government. Only the Abu Sayyaf was left fighting the government.
    (SFC, 8/8/01, p.A8)

2001        Aug 18, A pre-dawn fire swept through the Manor Hotel in Quezon City and at least 68 people, trapped behind security bars, were killed
    (SFC, 8/18/01, p.A10)

2001        Oct 1, The trial of former Pres. Estrada had a brief start and was postponed to Oct 17. Estrada showed up against his will, without his legal team and clad in slippers.
    (SFC, 10/2/01, p.A10)

2001        Oct 4, Government forces captured 13 members of Abu Sayyaf and killed another in a southern clash.
    (SFC, 10/5/01, p.D6)

2001        Oct 17, Gunmen abducted an Italian priest, Giuseppe Pierantoni (45), in Dimataling, Zamboanga del Sur. He was freed Apr 8, 2002.
    (WSJ, 10/18/01, p.A1)(SFC, 4/8/02, p.A7)

2001        Oct 23, In the Philippines 6 suspected Muslim rebels surrendered and 3 were captured.
    (SFC, 10/25/01, p.C2)

2001        Oct 23, US military officers were sent to the Philippines to assess how the US might help the local war against terrorism.
    (SFC, 10/24/01, p.A13)

2001        Oct 28, In Zamboanga a bomb exploded at a food court and at least 6 people were killed. Abu Sayyaf rebels were blamed.
    (SFC, 10/29/01, p.A9)

2001        Oct 30, Marvin Deonzon (27) was arrested following the weekend bomb attack. Deonzon claimed to be part of the al Qaeda network and warned of another 40 bombs planted around Zamboanga.
    (WSJ, 11/1/01, p.A17)

2001        Nov 7, In the Philippines tropical storm Lingling left at least 68 people dead from floods and landslides.
    (SFC, 11/8/01, p.A20)

2001        Nov 8, In the Philippines the toll from tropical storm Lingling climbed to at least 350 people. The storm left more than 200 dead and moved to Vietnam.
    (SFC, 11/9/01, p.A18)(WSJ, 11/9/01, p.A1)(SFC, 11/13/01, p.A14)(AP, 11/8/02)

2001        Nov 17, Communist guerrillas opened fire on soldiers in Cateel town. 18 soldiers and 10 rebels were killed.
    (SFC, 11/19/01, p.A14)

2001        Nov 19, Moro rebels attacked the army near Jolo town. 4 soldiers were killed along with 51 rebels in a counterattack.
    (SFC, 11/20/01, p.A17)

2001        Nov 22, The military bombed rebel positions on Jolo island and hunted for supporters of Gov. Nur Misuari, who was charged with rebellion. At least 100 of Misuari’s men were reported killed since the Nov 19 attack.
    (SFC, 11/23/01, p.A19)

2001        Nov 27, The military reported 25 guerrillas killed along with 1 soldier in Zamboanga. Rebels under Julhambri Misuari, nephew of arrested Gov. Misuari, later released 89 hostages in exchange for safe passage out of Zamboanga.
    (SFC, 11/28/01, p.A3)

2001        Dec 23, Police rescued a Canadian hostage, Pierre Belanger (51), held for 2 months by the Pentagon gang in the village of Buena Vista.
    (SFC, 12/24/01, p.A4)

2001        Dec 29, Philippine troops raided a camp of Muslim rebels linked to Osama bin Laden and killed 13.
    (WSJ, 12/31/01, p.A1)

2001        Louis H. Francia, NY poet and journalist, authored “Eye of the Fish,” a record of his Philippine travels.
    (SSFC, 8/19/01, DB p.67)

2002        Jan 9, In the Philippines Gen. Diomedio Villanueva said some 100 US military advisers will be allowed to join front-line Philippine troops fighting Abu Sayyaf rebels.
    (SFC, 1/10/02, p.A8)

2002        Jan 15, Philippine police arrested Fathur Rohman Al-Ghozi of Indonesia, an alleged bomb-maker in an al Qaeda linked terrorist cell. Ghozi admitted to providing munitions and financing for the Dec 30, 2000, attack in Manila that killed 22.
    (WSJ, 1/21/02, p.A10)
2002        Jan 15, In the Philippines 15 people were killed in a shootout between Muslim demonstrators and police in Jolo.
    (SFC, 1/16/02, p.A7)

2002        Jan 31, US troops began a 6-month exercise for Filipino soldiers on Zamboanga, who were hunting Abu Sayyaf extremists.
    (SFC, 2/1/02, p.A24)

2002        Feb 6, The Philippine opposition made a legal move that gave Pres. Arroyo 10 days to justify the presence of US troops.
    (SFC, 2/7/02, p.A12)

2002        Feb 21, A US MH-47E Chinook helicopter with 10 soldiers crashed into the Mindanao Sea in the Philippines. 3 bodies were found by local fishermen. A salvage team found 5 more bodies Mar 30.
    (SFC, 2/22/02, p.A17)(SFC, 2/23/02, p.A14)(SSFC, 3/29/02, p.A17)

2002        Mar 5, In the Philippines a 6.8 earthquake struck about 10 miles under the sea some 147 miles southwest of General Santos and 4 people were killed.
    (SFC, 3/6/02, p.A8)

2002        Mar 12, Munib Assa, a senior Abu Sayyaf guerrilla, was arrested in Zamboanga.
    (SFC, 3/15/02, p.A12)

2002        Mar 13, In the Philippines Agus Dwikarna (b.1964), a Jemaah Islamiya Terrorist Operations Facilitator, was arrested. In July he was convicted of carrying C-4 plastic explosives and bomb parts at Manila's Ninoy Aquino International Airport as he and two other Indonesians were leaving Manila for Bangkok. He was sentenced to a prison term of 10 to 17 years. In 2014 Dwikarna was deported back to Indonesia.
    (www.globalsecurity.org/security/profiles/agus_dwikarna.htm)(AP, 3/5/14)

2002        Mar, Levi Celerio (91), national artist and composer (leaf player), died.
    (SFC, 4/4/02, p.A19)

2002        Apr 11, The ferry MV Carmela with 240 passengers caught fire and at least 15 people were killed.
    (SFC, 4/11/02, p.A8)

2002        Apr 21, In the Philippines 3 explosions killed at least 14 people in General Santos. Abu Sayyaf rebels claimed responsibility.
    (SFC, 4/22/02, p.A1)

2002        Apr, In the Philippines Benjaline Hernandez (22) was killed on Mindanao while teaching peasant children and helping victims of the low-level conflict between the Philippine army and the communist New People’s Army. He mother later insisted that she was killed by gunmen from a government-supported militia.
    (SSFC, 2/25/07, p.A15)

2002        May 2, Salip Abdullah, a key aide to Abu Sayyaf chief Janjalini, was captured in Labangal village near General Santos.
    (SFC, 5/3/02, p.A10)

2002        May 22, Philippine police in Cotabato city arrested Noor Mohammad Umog, a Muslim Abu Sayyaf leader.
    (SFC, 5/24/02, p.A16)

2002        May 29, The US offered a reward for as much as $5 million for the capture of Abu Sayyaf leaders in the Philippines.
    (SFC, 5/30/02, p.A10)

2002        May 30, It was reported that dynamite fishing in the Philippines has put the native coral reefs on the verge of collapse.
    (SFC, 5/30/02, p.A1)

2002        Jun 7, In the Philippines a yearlong hostage crisis came to an end as Martin Burnham, an American missionary, was killed along with Philippine nurse Ediborah Yap when troops stormed an Abu Sayyaf outpost on Mindanao. Burnham's wife, Gracia Burnham, was wounded.
    (SFC, 6/8/02, p.A1)(AP, 6/7/07)

2002        Jun 16, Philippine troops shot dead one Muslim rebel and wounded an unknown number in their first clash with the guerrillas since an American hostage was killed in a rescue operation more than a week ago.
    (Reuters, 6/16/02)

2002        Jun 19, In the Philippines witnesses reported that 17 people were killed in a shootout between members of a cult and security forces moving in to arrest their leader on a remote southern Philippine island.
    (Reuters, 6/19/02)

2002        Jun 21, Abu Sabaya (Aldam Tilao), one of the Philippines' most wanted Muslim rebels and the key man in last year's kidnapping of a U.S. missionary couple, was reportedly shot and likely killed in a clash with government troops.
    (Reuters, 6/21/02)(SFC, 6/22/02, p.A6)

2002        Jun 27, Muslim guerrillas killed a Philippine army officer and wounded five soldiers in a gunbattle on a southern island where three Indonesian seamen have been held hostage for more than a week.
    (Reuters, 6/27/02)

2002        Jul 1, Philippine government forces using bomber planes and helicopters attacked suspected Muslim rebel positions in the southern Philippines, inflicting an undetermined number of casualties.
    (Reuters, 7/1/02)

2002        Jul 2, Philippine Vice President Teofisto Guingona resigned as foreign minister, settling but perhaps not ending a public row with President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo over U.S. military exercises in the south of the country.
    (Reuters, 7/2/02)

2002        Jul 8, Typhoon Chata'an headed towards southern Japan after battering the Philippines, where officials said it had killed 17 people -- including three South Korean tourists who died when their boat capsized.
    (Reuters, 7/8/02)

2002        Jul 9, Philippine officials said they had arrested a Filipino Muslim suspected of helping to procure more than a ton of explosives for al Qaeda-linked Islamic radicals accused of plotting to bomb U.S. targets in Singapore. A U.S-trained Philippine soldier and an undetermined number of Muslim rebels were killed in fierce fighting on southern Jolo island.
    (Reuters, 7/9/02)

2002        Jul 15, Philippine gunmen shot dead four supporters of candidates as Filipinos voted in local community elections after a bloody campaign that left scores of people dead. The 90 day election campaign left 71 people dead.
    (Reuters, 7/15/02)

2002        Jul 21, In the Philippines 3 people drowned in floods and a landslide buried alive a family of three as heavy rains pummeled the main island of Luzon, including Manila.
    (Reuters, 7/21/02)

2002        Jul 30, In the Philippines some 2,000 leftist protestors slammed a U.S.-led anti-terror exercise, ahead of a visit by Secretary of State Colin Powell for talks on combating terrorism.
    (Reuters, 7/30/02)

2002        Aug 3, Philippine troops captured seven suspected members of the Muslim Abu Sayyaf guerrilla group said to be linked to al Qaeda.
    (AP, 8/4/02)

2002        Aug 7, In the Philippines Marxist rebels vowed all-out resistance against the government's renewed campaign to crush their revolt after President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo ordered the deployment of troops in their strongholds.
    (Reuters, 8/7/02)

2002        Aug 22, In the Philippines the heads of two Jehovah’s Witnesses were found at Patikul on Jolo island, two days after the Abu Sayyaf rebels seized the two male preachers and six other hostages.
    (Reuters, 8/22/02)(SFC, 8/22/02, p.A1)

2002        Aug 23, An anti-graft court in the Philippines froze the assets of former president Joseph Estrada in connection with charges that he illegally amassed over four billion pesos ($76.48 million) during his 31-month rule.
    (Reuters, 8/26/02)

2002        Aug 25, Philippine troops shot dead a notorious leader of a gang of kidnappers and rescued a girl (4) and her nanny from a week-long captivity.
    (Reuters, 8/25/02)
2002        Aug 25, Up to 10 guerrillas from a Philippine Marxist rebel group blacklisted by the United States were killed when the military clashed with a 40-man New People's Army (NPA) band in Rodriguez town, a Manila suburb.
    (AP, 8/26/02)

2002        Sep 8, Philippine troops shelled retreating Muslim guerrillas after capturing two rebel camps in fighting on southern Jolo island that left at least 22 dead.
    (Reuters, 9/8/02)

2002        Oct 2, In the Philippines a bomb killed an American soldier in Zamboanga and was detonated by a Filipino on a motorcycle who died in the blast that killed one other person.
    (Reuters, 10/3/02)(WSJ, 10/4/02, p.A1)

2002        Oct 10, In the southern Philippines a bomb ripped through a bus terminal in Kidapawan City in North Cotobato province, killed 6 people and wounding 2 dozen in the latest of a series of bomb attacks in the violence-hit region.
    (Reuters, 10/10/02)(SFC, 10/12/02, p.A11)

2002        Oct 11, The Philippine military reported that marines clashed with Abu Sayyaf rebels on Jolo Island and at least 11 soldiers were killed.
    (SSFC, 10/12/02, p.A20)

2002        Oct 12, Seven Filipino soldiers died and 25 others were wounded in a fierce clash with Muslim rebels deep in the jungle of southern Sulu island.
    (Reuters, 10/12/02)

2002        Oct 13, Philippine troops pounded Muslim guerrilla positions with bombs and cannon fire, killing 20 rebels, as fighting raged for the second day in the country's troubled south.
    (AP, 10/12/02)

2002        Oct 17, In the Philippines bombings in Zamboanga killed 7 people and injured 152. Militants of Abu Sayyaf were suspected.
    (SFC, 10/18/02, p.A10)

2002        Oct 18, In the Philippines a bomb ripped through a bus in Quezon City, a  Manila suburb, killing 2 people and injuring 20 others.
    (AP, 10/18/02)(SFC, 10/19/02, p.A12)

2002        Oct 20, In the Philippines a bomb exploded at an open-air Christian shrine in the southern city of Zamboanga, killing one marine and wounding 16 people.
    (Reuters, 10/20/02)

2002        Nov 4, China signed a landmark agreement, “Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea,” with ASEAN (Brunei, Malaysia, Philippines, Vietnam) on avoiding open conflict in the disputed South China Sea Spratly Islands. Indonesia objected and Taiwan was barred from signing.
    (Reuters, 11/4/02)(Econ, 5/22/04, p.40)(www.aseansec.org/13163.htm)

2002        Nov 6, Muslim guerrillas strafed a southern Philippine village with automatic rifle fire, killing seven people in retaliation for an offensive by troops.
    (Reuters, 11/7/02)

2002        Nov 11, In the Philippines a Fokker passenger plane, trailing smoke from its left engine, plunged into Manila Bay shortly after taking off from Manila, with 18 of the 34 people aboard killed or missing and presumed dead.
    (AP, 11/11/02)

2002        Nov 13, Philippine Muslim gunmen linked to the al Qaeda network have demanded a ransom of 16 million pesos ($300,000) for their seven Indonesian and Filipino hostages kidnapped in June and August.
    (AP, 11/13/02)

2002        Nov 21, The United States and the Philippines signed a controversial agreement which would allow U.S. forces to use the Asian country as a supply point for military operations.
    (AP, 11/21/02)

2002        Nov 24, Philippine communist rebels killed four soldiers when about 30 rebels opened fire on a military convoy returning to base from a mission.
    (Reuters, 11/25/02)

2002        Nov 25, Philippine communist rebels, fleeing pursuing soldiers, torched a mobile phone relay station at Puerto Galera, a resort close to the capital Manila which is one of the country's best-known scuba diving spots.
    (Reuters, 11/25/02)

2002        Dec 24, In the southern Philippines a bomb believed planted by Muslim Moro rebels killed 16 people, including Mayor Saudie Ampatuan in Datu Piang.
    (AP, 12/24/02)(SFC, 12/25/02, p.A16)(WSJ, 12/26/02, p.A1)

2002        Dec 26, In the southern Philippines suspected Muslim rebels killed 12 workers as they rode in a truck to a Canadian-owned mine. Extortion was suspected.
    (WSJ, 12/27/02, p.A1)

2002        The Philippine budget deficit was 5.4% of GDP.
    (Econ, 3/26/05, p.72)
2002        Philippine mineral reserves were estimated at  $840 billion.
    (Econ, 7/22/06, p.63)

2003        Jan 11, Philippine army troops have occupied a southern mountain village in Sultan Kudarat province after driving away a large group of Moro Islamic separatists and a kidnap gang in fierce clashes that killed at least 20 rebels and allies.
    (AP, 1/12/03)

2003        Feb 2, In the Philippines a two-hour gun battle involving about 70 New People's Army rebels killed two soldiers and five rebels near the town of Baganga in the southern Davao Oriental province.
    (AP, 2/2/03)

2003        Feb 8, Philippine troops killed at least eight Abu Sayyaf rebels during a clash with the guerrillas in the southern town of Patikul.
    (AP, 2/9/03)

2003          Feb 19, In the southern Philippines suspected separatist rebels attacked Poblacion. They rounded up some villagers and gunned down 14 people.
    (AP, 2/20/03)

2003          Feb 20, Pentagon officials said they will send over 1,700 US troops to the Philippines over the next few weeks to fight Muslim extremists.
    (SFC, 2/21/03, A1)

2003          Feb 23, The Philippine government said it will not permit U.S. forces to join Filipino troops in combat against Muslim extremists.
    (AP, 2/23/03)

2003          Mar 4, In the Philippines a bomb hidden in a backpack exploded at the Davao airport on Mindanao, killing 21 people and wounding some 150.
    (AP, 3/4/03)(SFC, 3/5/03, p.A1)

2003          Mar 10, In the southern Philippines suspected Muslim separatist rebels seized a bus, and two people were killed before the gunmen escaped.
    (AP, 3/10/03)

2003        Mar 25, Philippine troops killed a senior commander of the Muslim extremist Abu Sayyaf group in a raid on his hideout.
    (AP, 3/26/03)

2003        Mar 29, In the Philippines troops clashed with communist guerrillas in a hilly area near the capital, and at least 24 were people killed.
    (AP, 3/30/03)

2003        Apr 2, In the southern Philippine city of Davao a bomb exploded near a bustling wharf, and killed 16 people including two children.
    (AP, 4/3/03)(SFC, 4/3/03, p.A11)

2003        Apr 5, In the southern Philippines two bombings killed two people and wounded eight.
    (AP, 4/5/03)

2003        Apr 13, In the southern Philippines some 40 Moro Islamic Liberation Front fighters attacked soldiers in Barira. The firefight left 12 guerrillas and possibly 3 soldiers dead.
    (SFC, 4/15/03, p.A5)

2003        Apr 18, At least 13 Filipino devotees were nailed to wooden crosses north of Manila in an annual Good Friday re-enactment of Jesus Christ's crucifixion.
    (AP, 4/18/03)

2003        Apr 25, The Philippines reported its first deaths from SARS; Taiwan authorities quarantined over 1,100 doctors, nurses and patients in a hospital and Asian health chiefs met on ways to tackle the deadly flu-like disease.
    (Reuters, 4/25/03)

2003        May 4, In the Philippines Muslim guerrillas attacked the town of Siocon in the southern province of Zamboanga del Norte, and took hostages as they withdrew from fighting that killed at least 22 people.
    (AP, 5/4/03)

2003        May 10, In the Philippines a bomb exploded at a crowded market in a southern Koronadal city, killing at least 9 people with 41 injured. Abu Sayyaf claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 5/11/03)

2003        May 18, In the Philippines the Manila Water Co dumped large doses of the disinfectant into a reservoir serving the eastern part of the capital after the young man fell into an aqueduct while picking fruit.
    (Reuters, 5/20/03)

2003        May 25, In the Philippines a passenger ferry collided with a larger boat and sank at the mouth of Manila Bay. At least 23 people were killed and 198 were rescued.
    (AP, 5/25/03)

2003        May 28, In the southern Philippines Muslim rebels declared a cease-fire and gave the government 10 days to meet their demands or face renewed fighting.
    (AP, 5/28/03)

2003        May 29, Tropical Storm Linfa moved northeast of the Philippines toward Japan on Thursday after leaving at least 25 people dead and more than 8,000 displaced following five days of heavy rains and flooding.
    (AP, 5/29/03)

2003        May 31, Clashes between Philippine troops and Muslim separatist guerrillas left at least 23 dead, just days before a 10-day unilateral cease-fire was set to begin.
    (AP, 5/31/03)

2003        Jul 10, In the southern Philippines a bomb exploded in a crowded market, killing at least three people and injuring 26 others, including many children.
    (AP, 7/10/03)

2003        Jul 14, In Manila Fathur Rohman al-Ghozi, terror suspect, escaped from prison.
    (Econ, 7/19/03, p.34)

2003        Jul 17, Philippine president Gloria Macapagal Arroyo said that police corruption likely led to the escape from prison of three terror suspects, including a top bomb expert, and threatened to shake up the police force.
    (AP, 7/17/03)

2003        Jul 18, The Philippine government announced a cease-fire deal with a Muslim rebel group.
    (AP, 7/18/03)

2003        Jul 22, Typhoon Imbudo, the strongest in 5 years, hit the Philippines with winds of more than 100 mph. At least six people were killed.
    (AP, 7/23/03)

2003        Jul 27, In Manila some 300 mutinous Philippine troops, who seized a downtown residential shopping complex, surrendered. This ended a 19-hour standoff with government forces without a shot fired. Pres. Arroyo declared a state of rebellion, which lasted to Aug 11. In 2008 Arroyo pardoned 9 military officers who apologized after being convicted of the coup. In 2010 Antonio Trillanes IV, the most prominent of the 300 troops, was released from seven years in detention in a presidential amnesty for military rebels.
    (AP, 7/27/03)(WSJ, 8/12/03, p.A1)(AP, 5/12/08)(AP, 12/21/10)

2003        Aug 10, In the southern Philippines army troops searching for a suspected Islamic militant clashed with unidentified men, killing three gunmen.
    (AP, 8/10/03)

2003        Aug 15, Philippine army forces in a speedboat killed 4 suspected members of Abu Sayyaf, an extremist Muslim group, in a clash at sea after getting a tip from fishermen.
    (AP, 8/17/03)

2003        Sep 13, In the southern Philippines soldiers killed two suspected members of the Muslim extremist Abu Sayyaf group and seized pictures of al-Qaida chief Osama bin Laden and documents in Arabic language after storming a rebel camp.
    (AP, 9/13/03)

2003        Oct 7, In the Philippines a detained Muslim terror suspect grabbed a guard's rifle and opened fire at police headquarters in Manila, killing three officers and wounding three others before he was fatally shot.
    (AP, 10/7/03)

2003        Oct 12, In the Philippines Fathur Rohman Al-Ghozi, terrorist bombmaker for Jemaah Islamiyah, was killed in a shootout with police in Pigcauayan.
    (SFC, 10/13/03, p.A7)

2003        Oct 18, Pres. Bush addressed a special joint session of the Philippine Congress in Manila. Some 290 families lost their homes in a shantytown of the Batasan Hills, which faced the building where the address was to be held. Bush promised to help the Philippines defeat terrorism by aiding in the modernization of its under-equipped military. Thousands of university students and other activists marched to protest Bush's visit to Manila already tense over security concerns.
    (SFC, 10/17/03, p.A5)(AP, 10/18/03)(SSFC, 10/19/03, p.A3)

2003        Nov 7, Philippine security officers shot and killed the country's former top civil aviation official and a navy reserve officer as they seized the Manila airport control tower at gunpoint.
    (AP, 11/8/03)

2003        Nov 22, The Diva2Diva show at the Daly City, Ca., Cow Palace featured Filipino singers Kuh Ledesma and Zsa Zsa Padilla.
    (Ind, 11/15/03, p.1A)

2003        Dec 8, US District Judge James Ware ruled that US toxic cleanup law doesn't apply abroad. A suit by Filipinos sought that the US government be required to assess pollution near 2 former military bases.
    (SFC, 12/12/03, p.A6)

2003        Dec 13, Philippine Foreign Secretary Blas Ople (76), a key ally of President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo in her support for Washington's war on terror, died of a heart attack.
    (AP, 12/14/03)

2003        Dec 16, Pres. Bush signed a measure that made WW II Filipino American veterans eligible for full Veterans Affair health care. Previous benefits were at half the rate of US veterans. Veterans in the Philippines did not qualify.
    (SFC, 12/17/03, p.A2)(SFC, 12/30/03, p.A15)

2003        Dec 19, In the Philippines landslides and floods have killed at least 127 people, and 150 others were missing and feared dead.
    (AP, 12/20/03)(AP, 12/21/03)(AP, 12/22/03)

2003        Dec 21, More than 150 people were killed in mudslides in the Philippines. [see Dec 19]
    (AP, 12/21/04)

2003        Dec 31, In the Philippines a fire sparked by firecrackers swept through an old market in Lucena City, killing at least 14 people who were trapped inside their stalls.
    (AP, 12/31/03)

2003        Jul 13, Hashim Salamat (61), founder of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), died in the Philippines. In the 1960s he was sent to Egypt where he obtained an Islamic philosophy degree from Al Azhar college in 1967 and a masters degree two years later.
    (WSJ, 8/25/08, p.A6)(www.newsflash.org/2003/05/ht/ht003629.htm)

2004        Jan 2, Philippine movie star Fernando Po Jr.  filed his candidacy for the presidency.
    (SFC, 1/2/04, p.A2)

2004        Jan 4, In the southern Philippines a bomb exploded at a packed basketball game, killing 11 people and wounding at least 68 including Parang Mayor Vivencio Bataga, who was the likely target of the attack.
    (AP, 1/4/04)(SFC, 1/5/04, p.A3)

2004        Jan 10, In the Philippines 3 rebels and 4 soldiers died when the guerrilla New People's Army attacked a power plant south of Manila.
    (AP, 1/10/04)

2004        Jan 12, In the Philippines a huge fire in a Manila shantytown hurt at least 23 people, destroyed thousands of homes and left about 25,000 residents homeless.
    (AP, 1/12/04)

2004        Jan 22, A Philippine tribunal ordered the immediate transfer to the government of $683 million in illegally accumulated funds from Swiss bank accounts of former dictator Ferdinand Marcos.
    (AP, 1/22/04)

2004        Jan 25, Rescuers in the Philippines launched a massive search for 53 fishermen missing after their boats were pounded by strong winds and high waves off three northwestern provinces. At least two fishermen died.
    (AP, 1/25/04)

2004        Feb 11, Philippine troops rescued Alastair Joseph Onglingswan (35), a kidnapped American businessman, who was chained by his neck and feet for 22 days by a lone abductor.
    (AP, 2/11/04)

2004        Feb 27, In the Philippines a ferry explosion and fire killed at least two people, though 180 more were missing. The Muslim extremist group Abu Sayyaf claimed responsibility. In 2008 Ruben Pestano Lavilla Jr. was arrested in Bahrain and deported back to the Philippines for his role in the bombing of the ferry which killed 116 people.
    (AP, 2/29/04)(SFC, 9/1/08, p.A3)

2004        Mar 30, Philippine officials reported the arrest of 4 Muslim extremists in the brutal al-Qaeda-linked Abu Sayyaf group. They were found with a stash of TNT targeted for terror attacks on trains and shopping malls in the Philippine capital. A suspected Muslim extremist told police interrogators he planted TNT in a television set on a ferry that caught fire last month, killing more than 100 people
    (AP, 3/30/04)

2004        Apr 8, In the Philippines 6 members of the Muslim extremist Abu Sayyaf group including Hamsiraji Sali, a senior leader wanted by the US, were killed in a clash with government troops on southern Basilan island. In Oct three informants received $1 million for their help.
    (AP, 4/8/04)(SFC, 4/9/04, p.A3)(SFC, 11/27/04, p.A1)

2004        Apr 10, In the southern Philippines more than 50 inmates, including many suspected members of a Muslim extremist group, used a smuggled pistol to escape from prison. At least nine were killed by police.
    (AP, 4/10/04)

2004        May 10, In Philippine elections voters cast ballots for president, vice president, the House of Representatives, half of 24 seats in the Senate and about 17,000 municipal posts. Incumbent Gloria Macapagal Arroyo opposed film star Fernando Poe Jr. Arroyo won a narrow victory over her movie star rival and her coalition gained a majority in the legislature.
    (AP, 5/10/04)(AP, 5/24/04)(WSJ, 5/25/04, p.A1)
2004        May 10, In Philippine elections Grace Padaca, physically impaired by childhood polio, was elected governor of the poor northern Isabela province. This ended a 41-year monopoly by the Dy family.
    (Econ, 3/19/05, p.47)

2004        May 18, A powerful typhoon slammed into the Philippines, causing at least 19 deaths on eastern islands in the archipelago.
    (AP, 5/19/04)

2004        May 19, In the Philippines Typhoon Nida left 31 people dead.
    (SFC, 5/21/04, p.B10)

2004        Jun 13, Philippine air force troops clashed with communist guerrillas camped out on a farm near Manila and 3 rebels were killed.
    (AP, 6/13/04)

2004        Jun 20, A Philippine congressional committee announced, six weeks after the election, that President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo has won another term in office. In 2005 an audio file, allegedly wiretapped by military intelligence, became available with Arroyo speaking to election’s official Virgilio Garcillano. The “Hello Garci? file became popular as a cell phone ring tone.
    (AP, 6/20/04)(SFC, 6/22/05, p.A2)

2004        Jul 3, Tropical storm Mindulle, the Korean word for dandelion, pushed toward South Korea after killing at least 31 people in the Philippines and 18 in Taiwan.
    (Reuters, 7/3/04)(AP, 7/4/04)

2004        Jul 13, The Philippines said it would withdraw its tiny peacekeeping force from Iraq as soon as it can. The Philippine government made a direct appeal to insurgents holding a Filipino hostage, pleading with them to show mercy for the man they threatened to kill if the country did not agree to pull its troops from Iraq early.
    (AP, 7/13/04)

2004        Jul 19, The Philippines said that it has completed the withdrawal of its peacekeeping contingent from Iraq.
    (AP, 7/19/04)

2004        Aug 13, A southern Philippines court sentenced 17 members of the al-Qaida-linked Abu Sayyaf militant group to death for kidnapping nurses from a hospital there three years ago.
    (AP, 8/13/04)

2004        Aug 27, Riot police used water cannons to disperse protesters demanding that the Philippines lift its ban on allowing its citizens to go to war-ravaged Iraq for jobs.
    (AP, 8/27/04)

2004        Nov 12, In the northern Philippines a passenger train derailed and tumbled down a ravine killing at least 10 people and injuring nearly 120 others.
    (AP, 11/12/04)

2004        Nov 22, In the Philippines 29 people were confirmed dead with 84 others missing and feared dead following tropical storm Muifa.
    (AP, 11/22/04)

2004        Nov 30, The death toll from landslides and flash floods in the eastern Philippines jumped to nearly 340 with 150 others missing, after a second rainstorm hit a region still reeling from last week's deadly typhoon. Excess logging was blamed for the landslides. Only some 70,000 sq. km. of forest remained from an estimated 300,000 a hundred years ago.
    (AP, 11/30/04)(Econ, 12/11/04, p.42)

2004        Dec 2, In the Philippines back-to-back storms killed more at least 842 people and left 751 missing. 1,100 were feared dead in the wake of Typhoon Nanmadol.
    (AP, 12/4/04)(SFC, 12/10/04, p.A26)

2004        Dec 12, In the southern Philippines a powerful explosion ripped through an outdoor market packed with Christmas shoppers, killing at least 15 people and injuring 58 others.
    (AP, 12/12/04)

2004        Dec 14, Fernando Poe (b.1939), former Philippine actor and presidential candidate, died from a stroke in Manila. Poe, a star in over 200 films, lost the recent elections to Pres. Gloria Macapagal Arroyo by 1.1 million votes.
    (SFC, 12/14/04, p.B7)

2004        Dec, The Philippine Supreme Court ruled to allow foreign firms to run mines in the Philippines, overturning a negative decision last January.
    (Econ, 12/18/04, p.)

2004        The Philippine budget deficit was 3.9% of GDP. Its consolidated public-sector debt was almost 140% of GDP and some feared a default.
    (Econ, 3/26/05, p.72)
2004        Philippine police and soldiers killed 7 farmworkers at the Hacienda Luisita, a sugar plantation owned by the family of the Beningno Aquino.
    (Econ, 5/12/12, p.48)

2005        Jan 1, Philippines was forecast for 4.5% annual GDP growth with a population at 87.9 million and GDP per head at $1,010.
    (Econ, 1/8/05, p.91)

2005        Feb 7, In the Philippines hundreds of armed followers of a jailed former Muslim rebel leader attacked government troops and occupied at least one army detachment on violent southern Jolo island, sparking clashes that killed at least 12 soldiers.
    (AP, 2/7/05)

2005        Feb 12, Philippine couples started gathering along a Manila bayside boulevard for a pre-Valentine's Day kissing festival. Organizers hoped a million couples will lock lips nationwide.
    (AP, 2/12/05)

2005        Feb 14, Three bombs jolted Manila and two other Philippine cities, killing at least 12 people and wounding more than 100 others. The Muslim extremist group Abu Sayyaf claimed responsibility for the blasts.
    (AP, 2/14/05)(Econ, 2/19/05, p.41)

2005        Mar 9, In the southern Philippines at least 27 children died from food poisoning after eating a deep-fried caramelized cassava snack at school. Evidence later revealed that a pesticide in the snack was the cause of death.
    (AP, 3/9/05)(WSJ, 3/15/05, p.A1)

2005        Mar 14, A group of Muslim-extremist inmates accused of carrying out some of the Philippines' worst terrorist attacks agreed to surrender after a botched jailbreak left at least 5 people dead. The deal later broke down when the inmates demanded dinner first.
    (AP, 3/14/05)

2005        Mar 15, In the Philippines some of the country's most hardened terror suspects were killed in a failed prison uprising that left 28 people dead. The inmates at Camp Bagong Diwa in suburban Manila had agreed to surrender after their failed jailbreak a day earlier, but the deal broke down when they demanded food first.
    (AP, 3/15/05)

2005        Mar 23, In Manila a terror suspect said the southern Philippines has become a major training ground for regional terror group Jemaah Islamiyah, graduating 23 bomb experts just days ago.
    (AP, 3/23/05)

2005        Mar 24, In the southern Philippines, Marlene Garcia Esperat (45), a columnist for a weekly newspaper, was shot dead in her home in front of her children. Her husband told a radio station that his wife had "many enemies because of her exposes," mostly on corruption and other issues of governance.
    (AP, 3/26/05)

2005        Apr 14, In Haiti a Filipino soldier was killed as U.N. forces pushed into a volatile slum controlled by heavily armed gangs loyal to deposed President Jean-Bertrand Aristide.
    (AP, 4/15/05)

2005        Apr 28, A military helicopter crashed into a wooded ravine on a northern Philippine mountain, killing all nine people on board.
    (AP, 4/29/05)

2005        May 10, Philip Agustin, publisher of a weekly in Dingalan, Philippines, was shot dead in his house. He had with him 500 copies of his newspaper featuring reports on corruption in Dingalan.
    (Econ, 6/18/05, p.39)

2005        May, An arc of windmills started supplying electricity to 40 per cent of Ilocos Norte province, the first source of clean energy introduced in the Philippines, a nation with 84 million people reliant on oil and gas.
    (AFP, 10/12/05)

2005        Jun 11, In the Philippines thousands of protesters demanded President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo step down during the biggest anti-government rally since allegations surfaced that she fixed last year's election and her family received gambling kickbacks.
    (AP, 6/11/05)

2005        Jun 21, In Manila Cardinal Jaime Sin (76) died. He was an outspoken advocate of democracy and played a key role in the "people power" revolts (1986, 2001) that ousted two Philippine presidents.
    (AP, 6/21/05)(Econ, 7/2/05, p.77)

2005        Jun 29, Philippine Pres. Gloria Macagapal Arroyo said her husband, implicated in bribes and influence peddling, had agreed to leave the Philippines.
    (WSJ, 6/30/05, p.A10)

2005        Jul 8, Gloria Macapagal Arroyo's presidency was in tatters, her base of support eroding by the hour, as former backers abandoned the Philippine leader and added to calls for her resignation over an election scandal.
    (AP, 7/8/05)

2005        Jul 13, Pressure grew for Philippine President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo to quit as her opponents staged the largest rally against her so far.
    (AP, 7/13/05)

2005        Jul 25, Opposition lawmakers in the Philippine parliament filed impeachment proceedings against President Gloria Arroyo, accusing her of vote-rigging and other allegations.
    (AP, 7/25/05)

2005        Aug 10, In the southern Philippines a series of powerful explosions described as terrorist attacks ripped through Zamboanga city and injured at least 14 people.
    (AP, 8/10/05)

2005        Aug 28, In the Philippines a bomb stashed in a pack of clothes exploded on a ferry in Basilan as it was loading passengers, injuring at least 30 people, including nine children.
    (AP, 8/28/05)

2005        Aug 30, In the Philippines impeachment proceedings against President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo fell into chaos, as opposition lawmakers walked out of a committee hearing and claimed her backers were unjustly trying to quash the case.
    (AP, 8/30/05)

2005        Aug 31, In the Philippines a congressional committee voted to quash all impeachment complaints against President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo with the opposition boycotting.
    (AP, 8/31/05)

2005        Sep 23, In the southern Philippines 3 teenagers were killed and at least 8 others wounded when a retired army sergeant threw a grenade at a group of boys at a town fiesta.
    (AP, 9/24/05)

2005        Oct 4, A Philippine provincial government filed a lawsuit in Nevada accusing Canadian mining giant Placer Dome Inc. of damaging the environment and health of residents of an island about 100 miles south of Manila. Placer Dome was blamed for a March 1996 environmental accident that sent millions of tons of open-pit copper mine waste down a river to the Marinduque capital, Boac.
    (AP, 10/4/05)

2005        Oct 7, Philippine authorities said they had started an investigation to unmask opposition figures suspected of involvement in the theft of classified US documents in a widening spy scandal. Leandro Aragoncillo, an FBI analyst in New Jersey, was suspected of passing intelligence to the Philippines.
    (AP, 10/7/05)(SFC, 10/7/05, p.A11)

2005        Oct 13, Philippine police fired jets of water and used anti-riot shields to break up a march by about 300 left-wing student activists demanding the ouster of President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo.
    (AP, 10/13/05)

2005        Oct 26, Philippine troops captured 7 suspected Muslim militants, including the leader of a group of Islamic converts linked to the kidnappings of foreigners and an alleged plot to bomb.
    (AP, 10/26/05)
2005        Oct 26, In the Philippines a tunnel in a gold mine on Mindanao collapsed after a blast and about 50 people were feared dead.
    (Reuters, 10/27/05)

2005        Oct 28, A Philippine court sentenced to death an Indonesian and two Filipino Muslim militants for their roles in the bombing of a Manila bus.
    (AP, 10/28/05)

2005        Nov 1, In the Philippines 6 US Marines took part in a rape at the former US naval base at Subic Bay. The incident soon fueled anti-US demonstrations in Manila and objections to US presence in the Philippines. Prosecutors later contended the victim (22) was attacked in a van at Subic Bay by Lance Cpl. Daniel Smith as Lance Cpl. Keith Silkwood, Lance Cpl. Dominic Duplantis and Staff Sgt. Chad Carpentier cheered on the assault. In Dec, 2006, Lance Cpl. Daniel Smith (21) from St. Louis, was convicted of raping a Filipino woman and sentenced to 40 years in prison. He was the first American soldier convicted of wrongdoing in the Philippines since the country shut down US bases here the early 1990s. In 2009 his accuser submitted a five-page affidavit to an appeals court saying she now doubts her own version of events. In March it was revealed that Smith had paid the victim $2000 in damages and that she had gone to live in America with her American boyfriend. On April 23, 2009, the Philippine Court of Appeals overturned the ruling against Smith, indicating the sexual act was consensual.
    (WSJ, 11/22/05, p.A13)(AP, 6/26/06)(AP, 12/4/06)(AP, 3/18/09)(Econ, 5/2/09, p.43)

2005        Nov 3, In the Philippines the Asian Development Bank warned that a flu pandemic could kill 3 million people in Asia, trigger economic carnage in the region worth almost $300 billion and push the world into a recession.
    (AP, 11/3/05)

2005        Nov 5, Philippine security forces captured a man they believed was Radulan Sahiron, Abu Sayyaf's chief of staff, in Zamboanga Sibugay province, however it turned out to be a case of mistaken identity. Sahiron was also wanted by the US for attacks against Americans.
    (AP, 11/5/05)(AP, 11/6/05)

2005        Nov 27, Philippine President Gloria Arroyo declared the 23rd Southeast Asian Games open in a glittering ceremony at the Aquino sports stadium in Central Manila. An estimated 5,336 athletes will compete in 41 events which will run from November 27 to December 5. The 11 participating countries included Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, East Timor and Vietnam.
    (AP, 11/27/05)

2005        Dec 9-2005 Dec 11, Fidel Ramos, former president of the Philippines, and Michael Camdessus, former managing IMF director, chaired the 1st annual meeting of the Emerging Markets Forum at Templeton College, Oxford, England.
    (Econ, 12/17/05, p.76)

2005        Dec 27, Philippine prosecutors charged four US Marines with rape in what is seen as a test case for a bilateral accord allowing American troops to train here.
    (AP, 12/27/05)

2005        Dec 29, Philippine media reported that 2 US Marines, who were accused of raping a Filipina woman, have been allowed to leave the Philippines after prosecutors decided not to file charges against them.
    (AFP, 12/29/05)

2005        Dec 31, Philippine President Gloria Arroyo announced Indonesia's Lippo Group with local partners is investing some three billion pesos (56.5 million dollars) in a Philippine bank.
    (AP, 12/31/05)

2005        Walden Bello, Philippine economist, authored “Deglobalization, Ideas for a New World Economy.”
    (Econ, 2/21/09, p.59)
2005        The Philippine Department of Labor refused 2 unions permission to go on strike at the Hacienda Luisita sugar plantation. 7 workers were killed in a protest that followed.
    (Econ, 12/10/05, p.50)

2006        Jan 8, In the Philippines fire raced through a dormitory in Manila's congested university district, killing at least eight people, including some clustered near a second-floor exit.
    (AP, 1/8/06)

2006        Jan 13, A Philippine judge issued arrest warrants for four US Marines charged with rape, putting pressure on the United States to hand them over to Philippine authorities.
    (AP, 1/13/06)

2006        Jan 15, An overcrowded boat capsized during a religious sea parade in a remote central Philippine province, and at least 16 people drowned and more were missing.
    (AP, 1/15/06)

2006        Jan 17, In the Philippines 4 officers, accused of leading hundreds of troops in a failed 2003 mutiny, escaped from an army prison. The army lieutenants were identified as Lawrence San Juan, Sonny Sarmiento, Nathaniel Rabonza and Patricio Bumindang.
    (AP, 1/17/06)
2006        Jan 17, The US rejected a Philippine request to hand over 4 Marines to be tried for rape, setting off anti-American protests in Manila and elsewhere.
    (WSJ, 1/18/06, p.A1)

2006        Jan 19, A Philippine congressional committee approved a resolution calling on the government to abrogate an accord allowing large-scale American military exercises in the country after US officials refused to hand over four US Marines accused of rape.
    (AP, 1/19/06)

2006        Jan 31, The Philippine health department warned that an AIDS crisis threatens the country as the number of people who are HIV carriers has doubled in just over three years.
    (AP, 1/31/06)
2006        Jan 31, Philippines troops killed at least 18 communist rebels in their bloodiest clash in months. The clash happened outside Santa Ignacia town in Tarlac province, about 80 miles north of Manila.
    (AP, 1/31/06)

2006        Feb 4, In the Philippines thousands of people lined up outside a stadium near Manila to watch a TV game show surged toward the gates in the mistaken belief they were open, and at least 88 people were trampled to death. Over 300 people were injured.
    (AFP, 2/4/06)

2006        Feb 17, In the eastern Philippines a rain-soaked mountainside disintegrated into a torrent of mud, swallowing hundreds of houses and an elementary school in sludge three stories high. 1,800 people were missing and feared dead, which included nearly every man, woman and child who lived in Guinsaugon. Logging in the area was cited as a contributing factor. 8.5 million acres of forests had been logged in the Philippines over the last 15 years.
    (AP, 2/18/06)(SFC, 2/18/06, p.A9)

2006        Feb 18, On the southern Philippine island of Jolo, janitor for US troops was killed and 13 people wounded in an explosion near an army base. Abu Sayyaf was suspected.
    (AP, 2/18/06)

2006        Feb 22, In the Philippines thousands of activists seeking President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo's ouster clashed with riot police in Manila as they tried to march to a monument to the 1986 "people power" revolt.
    (AP, 2/22/06)

2006        Feb 24, In the Philippines President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo declared a state of emergency, saying she had quashed a coup plot, and the military confined troops to their camps to keep them from joining growing protests against her rule.
    (AP, 2/24/06)

2006        Feb 26, In the Philippines a challenge to President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo's state of emergency ended peacefully after disgruntled marine officers ended a five-hour standoff that started when their commander was relieved of duties.
    (AP, 2/26/06)

2006        Feb 27, In the Philippines police filed charges of rebellion against 16 people suspected of plotting to overthrow President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo, as dozens of protesters attempted to storm the legislature. Among those charged were former opposition Sen. Gregorio "Gringo" Honasan, a veteran of past coup attempts in the 1990s, five members of the House of Representatives, a communist rebel leader and some soldiers. In 2009 a military tribunal acquitted 11 officers of plotting the foiled coup. The defendants were among a total of 28 military officers who were detained following the alleged plan to force Arroyo from power.
    (AP, 2/27/06)(AP, 10/15/09)

2006        Mar 3, In the Philippines President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo lifted a week-old state of emergency, justifying the controversial decree by claiming a coup plot had been "a clear and present danger." Isabela City Mayor Luis Biel II was shot and killed outside his office. Bodyguards killed the gunman.
    (AP, 3/3/06)(http://tinyurl.com/ytgzu6)

2006        Mar 23, Computer-savvy Philippine protesters took civil disobedience to cyberspace, launching a "virtual sit-in" campaign that urged online activists to overwhelm the police Web site with numerous hits.
    (AP, 3/23/06)

2006        Mar 27, In the Philippines a bomb exploded in a grocery store on southern Jolo island, killing 9 people and wounding 20. Police said an extortion attempt by suspected militants was likely behind the bombing.
    (AP, 3/27/06)

2006        Mar 29, Some 20 Filipino seamen were seized after their oil tanker, the United Arab Emirates-registered MT LIN1, offloaded its cargo at a southern Somali port. The men were released in July 15 following negotiations.
    (AP, 7/16/06)

2006        Apr 14, In the Philippines at least 11 devotees were nailed to crosses during Good Friday reenactments of Christ's final hours.
    (AP, 4/14/06)

2006        Apr 16, Gloria Macapagal Arroyo, president of the Philippines, said in an Easter announcement that she would commute the death sentences of some 1,200 convicts, including about a dozen al-Qaida-linked militants.
    (AP, 4/16/06)

2006        Apr 24, In the Philippines government prosecutors filed rebellion charges against a former senator, six leftist lawmakers and 42 others suspected of plotting a coup in February against President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo.
    (AP, 4/24/06)

2006        Apr 29, In the Philippines military intelligence agents captured Abdasil Malangka Dima, an alleged member of the Muslim extremist Abu Sayyaf group, in Isabela, the capital of the southern island province of Basilan. He was allegedly involved in the abduction of three Americans, including a missionary couple, from a resort five years ago.
    (AP, 4/29/06)

2006        May 1, Workers around the world held May Day rallies to press for better factory conditions and higher wages in mostly peaceful marches. Activists the Philippines used the holiday to show their opposition to their government in tense protests watched by police.
    (AP, 5/1/06)

2006        May 4, A US federal court ruled that over 9,500 victims of human rights abuses under Ferdinand Marcos (1917-1989) were entitled to $35 million in a US account, which he established in 1972. Damages awarded in 1995 reached nearly $2 million.
    (SFC, 5/5/06, p.B7)

2006        May 8, Five lawmakers who took refuge in the Philippine legislature for two months while facing coup accusations walked out of the building in triumph after a court dismissed the charges.
    (AP, 5/8/06)

2006        May 12, A small boat sank during a tropical storm in the central Philippines, killing at least 21 people. Two other people were electrocuted in the storm, while floods submerged 16 villages.
    (AP, 5/13/06)

2006        May 24, Philippine officials said the US States and the Philippines have forged a security arrangement covering threats such as terrorism, piracy, natural disasters and outbreaks of disease. The initiative was launched last year and diplomatic notes for carrying out the arrangement were exchanged in April.
    (AP, 5/24/06)

2006        Jun 11, In the Philippines a grenade blast wounded eight people in a market in Batangas province. A nearly simultaneous explosion damaged a mobile police station in Manila.
    (AP, 6/11/06)

2006        Jun 13, In the eastern Philippines 11 prisoners escaped from a jail after killing two guards and wounding two others. The inmates were led by a communist guerrilla, Jessie Galecio, who had escaped from jail twice before.
    (AP, 6/14/06)

2006        Jun 20, Two Filipino oil workers were kidnapped near the Nigerian oil city of Port Harcourt in the southern Niger Delta.
    (AFP, 6/20/06)

2006        Jun 23, In the southern Philippines a car bomb exploded in a public market in Shariff Aguad as a convoy carrying a provincial governor was passing by, killing five people wounding 10 others.
    (AP, 6/23/06)

2006        Jun 24, Philippines’ President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo signed a law abolishing the death penalty, giving final approval to a measure that divided many Filipinos.
    (AP, 6/24/06)

2006        Jun 25, Two Filipino oil workers, kidnapped in Nigeria's southern oil delta, were released after five days in captivity.
    (AP, 6/25/06)

2006        Jun 27, A US federal court in Hawaii authorized partial compensation of $2,000 each to about 7,500 victims of human rights abuses under late Philippine dictator Ferdinand Marcos.
    (AP, 6/28/06)

2006        Jun, Philippines’ President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo gave her security forces a 2-year deadline and an extra 1 billion pesos ($19 million) to wipe out the communist New People’s Army (NPA).
    (Econ, 7/1/06, p.37)

2006        Jul 7, In the Philippines 6 fugitive military officers linked to a failed 2003 mutiny against President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo were arrested.
    (AP, 7/7/06)

2006        Jul 10, In the Philippines a fire destroyed more than 200 shanties in a squatter colony north of Manila, killing one resident, injuring 6 others and leaving about 5,000 people homeless.
    (AP, 7/10/06)

2006        Jul 13, In the northern Philippines a powerful Asian storm strengthen to a typhoon after killing at least nine people.
    (AP, 7/13/06)

2006        Jul 18, In the southern Philippines Armando Pace (56), who often attacked corruption among politicians and the illegal drug trade in Digos city, was gunned down as he was riding home on a motorcycle. He was the ninth journalist killed in the country this year and the 82nd since 1986, based on a count by the National Union of Journalists of the Philippines.
    (AP, 7/18/06)

2006        Aug 3, Fresh fighting broke out between Philippine forces and Al-Qaeda-linked militants after four people were killed in a major operation to capture two suspected Bali bombers.
    (AFP, 8/3/06)

2006        Aug 8, The Philippine Congress began hearing new impeachment complaints against President Gloria Arroyo, linking her to corruption and human rights abuses and alleging she cheated in the 2004 election.
    (AFP, 8/8/06)

2006        Aug 11, An oil tanker sank in rough seas off the Philippine coast of Guimaras Island, about 312 miles southeast of Manila. About 528,000 gallons of industrial fuel was leaking from the accident.
    (AP, 8/15/06)

2006        Aug 18, Greenpeace warned a sunken Philippine oil tanker was a pollution timebomb as oil from its punctured tanks destroyed coral reefs and washed up blackened fish on pristine beaches. Oil trapped in the tanks of the Solar I, which went down last week with 500,000 gallons of industrial oil on board, could pour out at any time. To date some 50,000 gallons had leaked into the sea close to the central island of Guimaras.
    (AP, 8/18/06)

2006        Sep 4, Philippine marines clashed with nearly 200 al-Qaida-linked rebels on Jolo Island. 6 government troops were killed and 19 wounded in the monthlong US-backed offensive. In Dec the military said Khaddafy Janjalani, head of the al-Qaida-linked Abu Sayyaf, was killed in the fighting and that his remains had been found. DNA evidence confirmed his death.
    (AP, 9/4/06)(AP, 12/27/06)(AP, 1/20/07)

2006        Sep 6, The Philippine government said it will take full control of Manila airport's controversial new airport terminal despite an international court ruling to return it to its builders. Philippine International Air Terminals Co Inc (PIATCO) built the terminal under a "build-operate-transfer" contract, but in 2002 President Arroyo revoked the contract on the grounds that certain terms were illegally renegotiated by Joseph Estrada, her deposed predecessor.
    (AP, 9/6/06)

2006        Sep 28, Typhoon Xangsane battered the northern and central Philippines with rains and winds, killing at least 76 people.
    (AP, 9/29/06)(AFP, 10/1/06)

2006        Oct 3, In the Philippines Bishop Alberto Ramento of Tarlac, former Obispo Maximo of the Iglesia Filipina Independiente (IFI), was found stabbed to death at his rectory. He was a noisy critic of government security forces.
    (Econ, 10/14/06, p.46)

2006        Oct 8, In the Philippines about 30 communist guerrillas attacked an international airport under construction in Silay City in Negros Occidental province, using bombs to destroy equipment and seizing guns from guards.
    (AP, 10/8/06)

2006        Oct 10, In the Philippines a bomb exploded in the town of Makilala on the southern island of Mindanao during a celebration to mark the town's 52nd anniversary. 12 people were killed and at least 42 injured. 5 people were injured when a bomb planted by suspected Muslim extremists exploded in the busy market of Tacurong City.
    (AFP, 10/11/06)

2006        Oct 17, Philippine media groups accused the president's husband of trying to muzzle a critical press by filing a string of libel cases against 43 journalists and publishers.
    (AP, 10/18/06)

2006        Oct 25, The Philippine Supreme Court vetoed a move to change the presidential system to a unicameral parliamentary government, dealing a blow to President Gloria Arroyo's economic agenda.
    (AP, 10/25/06)

2006        Oct 29, In the northern Philippines Typhoon Cimaron blasted roofs off homes as it made landfall, with officials saying it may be one of the most powerful storms to ever hit the country.
    (AP, 10/29/06)

2006        Oct 30, Typhoon Cimaron swept across the northern Philippines, killing more than 15 people in a barrage of landslides, uprooted trees and flooding.
    (AP, 10/30/06)

2006        Oct 31, Typhoon Cimaron headed toward eastern Vietnam after leaving at least 15 dead in landslides and flooding in the northern Philippines.
    (AP, 10/31/06)

2006        Nov 15, In the Philippines Gregorio “Gringo” Honasan,” a coup-fomenting former army colonel, and senator were arrested after a house-to-house chase on charges of involvement in a February plot to overthrow the president.
    (AP, 11/15/06)(SFC, 11/15/06, p.A4)

2006        Nov 25, In the southern Philippines the Leonida II, a small ferry, capsized in rough waters, leaving 19 passengers missing while 66 people were rescued.
    (AP, 11/26/06)

2006        Nov 28, Noxious fumes from chemical waste dumped into a Philippine creek forced thousands to flee their homes and sickened dozens. Men told police they had loaded chemical waste from a plastic factory and dumped the cargo in Marilao, 15 miles north of Manila.
    (AP, 11/28/06)

2006        Nov 30, Typhoon Durian, the 4th major typhoon to hit the Philippines in four months,  killed 198 people and left 260 others missing. The figures included 109 people who died in mudslides on the slopes of the Mayon volcano that also injured 130.
    (AP, 12/1/06)

2006        Dec 1, Officials reported that Typhoon Durian killed as many as 200 people when it tore through the eastern Philippines. The storm was eventually blamed for 1,399 deaths.
    (AP, 12/1/07)

2006        Dec 2, In the Philippines rescuers scouring mountain villages buried under mud and boulders loosed by a powerful typhoon discovered more bodies, raising the death total to more than 300, with another 300 missing.
    (AP, 12/2/06)

2006        Dec 4, Marine Lance Cpl. Daniel Smith was convicted in the Philippines of raping a Filipino woman and sentenced to 40 years in prison.
    (AP, 12/4/07)
2006        Dec 4, Rescuers in the Philippines all but gave up hope of finding survivors in mudslide-swamped villages on the slopes of the Mayon volcano, five days after Typhoon Durian killed an estimated 1,000 people.
    (AP, 12/4/06)

2006        Dec 5, The first foreign aid flights of food and medicines arrived in the eastern Philippines. Officials said devastating mudslides had left at least 1,266 people dead or missing.
    (AFP, 12/5/06)

2006        Dec 9, Typhoon Utor, the 2nd to hit the Philippines in two weeks, made landfall forcing the evacuation of thousands in Eastern Samar province where hundreds died in the last storm. Typhoon Utor killed at least 5 people.
    (AP, 12/9/06)(Reuters, 12/10/06)

2006        Dec 22, The US said it canceled a joint military exercise with the Philippines scheduled for next year because of a dispute over the custody of a US Marine appealing his rape conviction.
    (AP, 12/22/06)

2006        Dec 25, A fire blamed on illegally sold firecrackers swept through a department store in the central Philippines on Christmas Day, killing 24 people who took refuge in a restroom.
    (AP, 12/25/06)

2006        Dec 29, A US Marine convicted of raping a Filipino woman was whisked away from a Manila jail to the US Embassy, almost a month after the US and Philippine governments urged a local court to transfer him to American custody during his appeal.
    (AP, 12/29/06)

2007        Jan 3, In the northern Philippines a minibus carrying partygoers from a beach collided with a cargo truck, killing eight people and injuring 17.
    (AP, 1/2/07)

2007        Jan 6, Philippine troops killed six members of the al-Qaida-linked Abu Sayyaf group, including one wanted by the US for involvement in the kidnapping of Americans.
    (AP, 1/6/07)

2007        Jan 9, Philippine troops killed Binang Sali, a senior al-Qaida-linked militant, who allegedly led an urban terror unit of the Muslim extremist group Abu Sayyaf.
    (AP, 1/10/07)

2007        Jan 10, In the southern Philippines a bomb exploded across the street from a public market, killing six people and wounding 22 others. A second blast in the region hours later wounded two people near a police outpost.
    (AP, 1/10/07)

2007        Jan 12, East Timor and France signed non-aggression treaties with ASEAN member countries on the sidelines of the annual ASEAN summit in the Philippine resort city of Cebu. Both countries looked to strengthen ties with a bloc representing  a sixth of the world's people.
    (AP, 1/13/07)

2007        Jan 13, ASEAN leaders meeting in the Philippines signed an agreement to regulate migrant workers.
    (Econ, 1/20/07, p.54)

2007        Jan 14, ASEAN leaders meeting in the Philippines signed an agreement to liberalize the trade in services between China and ASEAN countries.
    (Econ, 1/20/07, p.54)

2007        Jan 16, In the Philippines Jainal Antel Sali Jr. (41), popularly known as Abu Sulaiman, a top al-Qaida-linked militant, was killed. He was accused of kidnapping three Americans in 2001 and of masterminding one of Southeast Asia's worst terror attacks three years later. DNA evidence soon confirmed Sulaiman’s death.
    (AP, 1/17/07)(AP, 1/20/07)

2007        Jan 18, A Philippine Marines platoon battled about 30 extremists under Abu Sayyaf veteran Radullan Sahiron in the Jolo town of Patikul. Ten Abu Sayyaf members and three government troops died in the hour-long fight, while three militants were captured.
    (AP, 1/18/07)

2007        Feb 2, Suspected Muslim guerrillas stormed a Philippine jail and blasted a hole through a wall, freeing three alleged bombers and dozens of other inmates. In the southern Philippines 50 people were killed and 65 others injured when a tanker truck exploded as it was negotiating a downhill mountain road.   
    (AP, 2/2/07)(AP, 2/3/07)

2007        Feb 4, A Philippine marine general and 19 others were released from a Muslim rebel camp where they were held for two days by guerrillas demanding more benefits under a 1996 peace accord.
    (AP, 2/4/07)

2007        Feb 13, In Nigeria gunmen released 24 Filipino sailors taken hostage in the lawless southern oil-producing region.
    (AP, 2/13/07)

2007        Feb 15, A leftist student leader was murdered in the central Philippines, amid plans to set up special tribunals to try people suspected of carrying out extrajudicial killings. Farly Alcantara (22) was head of the League of Filipino Students at Camarines Norte State College.
    (AFP, 2/16/07)

2007        Feb 18, In the southern Philippines an unidentified gunman fatally shot Hernani Pastolero (64), the editor of a weekly newspaper in front of his home in the village of Bulalo.
    (AP, 2/19/07)

2007        Mar 6, Philippine President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo signed into law a package of anti-terror measures that has drawn protests as a threat to civil liberties.
    (AP, 3/6/07)

2007        Mar 14, Philippine police stormed a courtroom to end a 24-hour hostage standoff, freeing all four captives who were held by a movie stuntman and his common-law wife. The gunman was killed when he dropped a grenade during the confrontation.
    (AP, 3/14/07)

2007        Mar 27, The US offered a $5 million reward for information leading to the capture of a US-trained Malaysian engineer accused of involvement in a series of deadly bombings in the Philippines.
    (AP, 3/27/07)

2007        Mar 28, The health department of Philippines said HIV/AIDS is ravaging the large overseas work force, posing a long-term threat to one of Manila's key sources of foreign exchange.
    (AFP, 3/28/07)
2007        Mar 28, In the Philippines Jun Ducat (56), a Manila day-care center owner armed with grenades and guns, held more than 30 youngsters and teachers hostage on a bus, then freed them after a 10-hour standoff that he used to denounce corruption and demand better lives for impoverished children.
    (AP, 3/28/07)(http://english.people.com.cn/200703/29/eng20070329_362055.html)

2007        Apr 3, In the Philippines Pete Amurin, a local election board official in the city of Puerto Rincesa, capital of Palawan island west of Manila, was shot dead at close range near his office.
    (AFP, 4/4/07)

2007        Apr 4, In the Philippines police said they found the bodies of two missing members of the militant Peasant Movement of the Philippines, or KMP, near a river in the northern town of Lailo in Cagayan province.
    (AFP, 4/4/07)

2007        Apr 7, In the southern Philippines 9 soldiers and a civilian were killed in a clash in a small army camp in Jolo island’s Parang town.
    (AP, 4/8/07)

2007        Apr 8, In the Philippines Julia Campbell (40), American Peace Corps volunteer from Fairfax, Va., was last seen in the town of Banaue in Ifugao province. Her body was found April 18 in a shallow grave near Batad village. In 2008 Juan Duntugan was convicted of the murder and sentenced to 40 years in prison without parole.
    (AP, 4/14/07)(AP, 4/18/07)(SFC, 4/19/07, p.A8)(AP, 6/30/08)

2007        Apr 11, More than 50 Philippine military officers pleaded guilty to violating military order and discipline in a plea bargain, escaping lengthy jail terms for a failed mutiny in Manila nearly four years ago.
    (AP, 4/11/07)

2007        Apr 13, Muslim rebels fired mortar bombs on a Philippines marine base in the southern island of Jolo, killing two soldiers and a child.
    (Reuters, 4/14/07)

2007        Apr 15, Philippine marines killed at least 8 Muslim rebels and captured two of their camps in retaliation for a series of attacks that killed a child and two soldiers.
    (AP, 4/15/07)

2007        Apr 19, The heads of seven men who were kidnapped by Muslim extremists on a volatile southern island were delivered to a Philippine army detachment. The men, six road project workers and a dried-fish factory worker, were kidnapped at gunpoint in two separate incidents April 16 near the town of Parang. A group of civilians was ordered to take the heads to Parang by Muslim rebel commander Habier Malik.
    (AP, 4/19/07)

2007        Apr 23, Philippine police said they have identified a local woodcarver as a suspect in the April 8 killing of Julia Campbell, a US Peace Corps volunteer, and are following up leads on a possible accomplice. They named the suspect as Juan Duntugan (25) from the village of Batad in Banaue township. Duntugan gave himself up April 27 and confessed on television, saying he would accept "whatever punishment you will impose on me."
    (AP, 4/23/07)(AP, 4/27/07)

2007        Apr 28, A Philippine air force helicopter crashed on a busy street in Lapu Lapu City, Cebu Island, pinning a motorcycle taxi and hitting another with its spinning rotors. At least 9 people on the ground and one airman were killed. Norberto Linao Jr., the mayor of Morong town in Bataan province, escaped injury after assailants sprayed his house with gunfire.
    (AFP, 4/28/07)(AP, 4/30/07)

2007        Apr 30, In the northern Philippines Mayor Julian Resuello of San Carlos died 2 days after he was shot to death.
    (AP, 4/30/07)

2007        May 3, Philippine President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo announced that US-based Texas Instruments Inc., the world's biggest maker of mobile phone chips, will build a $1 billion plant in the Philippines, choosing the country over China despite concerns about power costs.
    (Reuters, 5/3/07)

2007        May 8, In the Philippines a homemade bomb ripped through a billiards hall in Tacurong city, killing three on the spot and five more overnight with 33 seriously wounded. Officials said the attack bore the hallmarks of Al-Qaeda-linked militants from Jemaah Islamiyah (JI).
    (AFP, 5/9/07)

2007        May 9, In the Philippines Ernie Tatoy (41), an aide to a gubernatorial candidate, was fatally shot and his daughter (13) wounded, as violence in the run-up to next week's local and congressional elections claimed its 100th victim in four months.
    (AP, 5/9/07)

2007        May 14, Filipinos braved the threat of violence to choose local and congressional representatives in elections. Wahab Akbar, governor of Basilan, was elected congressman from Basilan. His 1st wife, Jum, was elected to become governor of Basilan. His 2nd wife Cherrylyn was already mayor of Isabela City.
    (AP, 5/14/07)(SSFC, 9/9/07, p.F1)

2007        May 15, International observers of elections in the Philippines said they witnessed threats and vote-buying inside some southern precincts, and police said two more people were killed in violence related to the voting.
    (AP, 5/15/07)

2007        May 18, A powerful bomb ripped through a teeming bus terminal in the violence-prone southern Philippines, killing a 5-year-old boy and injuring about three dozen other people.
    (AP, 5/18/07)

2007        May 22, The Philippine elections commission suspended the vote count from last week's polls in southern Maguindanao province amid allegations of massive cheating by pro-government supporters.
    (AP, 5/22/07)

2007        May 23, Philippine President Gloria Arroyo said she welcomed a greater global role by Japan as she discussed a stalled free trade agreement in Tokyo.
    (AP, 5/23/07)

2007        May 31, Australia and the Philippines agreed to expand counter-terrorism cooperation, with elite Australian troops to train their Philippine counterparts in the restive south.
    (AFP, 5/31/07)
2007        May 31, In the Philippines 6 armed men boarded a bus in Manila and started robbing passengers. 3 suspects, the bus driver and a passenger were killed.
    (AP, 5/31/07)

2007        Jun 2, In the Philippines a man armed with a 21-inch-long knife killed nine people, including six children, and wounded 17 others in a rampage in central Samar province.
    (AP, 6/2/07)

2007        Jun 7, The US ambassador to the Philippines handed over a $10 million reward to four Filipino informants whose tip led to the killing of the country's two top terror suspects.
    (AP, 6/7/07)

2007        Jun 9, The Philippines and Laos, during a visit of Laotian PM Bouasone Bouphavanh, signed an agreement hoping to boost the minuscule trade between them and encourage their first investment links.
    (AFP, 6/9/07)

2007        Jun 13, A Philippine court acquitted Imelda Marcos, the flamboyant widow of dictator Ferdinand Marcos, of five counts of tax evasion. Of more than 900 criminal and civil cases, mostly for violation of graft and corruption laws during her husband's 20-year rule, 40 criminal cases and fewer than 20 civil suits remained. The government said it has recovered at least $1.7 billion in cash and assets from the Marcoses and their associates over two decades, including Swiss bank deposits now worth at least $680 million.
    (AP, 6/13/07)

2007        Jun 15, In the southern Philippines bombs went off on buses just a few minutes apart, killing eight people and wounding at least 14 others.
    (AP, 6/16/07)

2007        Jun 22, Philippine Justice Secretary Raul Gonzalez said the government was dropping charges against veteran coup-plotter Gregorio Honasan after he was elected to the Senate last month.
    (AP, 6/22/07)

2007        Jun 25, In the Philippines Vicente Sumalpong, a reporter at a government-run radio station, was fatally shot on southern Tawi Tawi island, the latest victim in a string of killings of journalists.
    (AP, 6/25/07)

2007        Jul 5, In the southern Philippines 9 inmates fled jail after attacking guards. Pursuing police officers fatally shot three of the escaped convicts and recaptured four others. Two other inmates from the jail in southern Cagayan de Oro city remained at large.
    (AP, 7/6/07)

2007        Jul 8, In the Philippines 2 small planes collided in the air and crashed in a rice field north of Manila, killing two Indian citizens and a Filipino flight instructor.
    (AP, 7/8/07)

2007        Jul 10, Some 50 Philippine marines were heading back to camp when they were attacked by about 300 suspected Abu Sayyaf guerrillas in Tipo Tipo town on southern Basilan island. Troops recovered the bodies of 14 marines, some of them beheaded.
    (AP, 7/11/07)

2007        Jul 12, A Philippine ferry sank southeast of Manila. At least 129 people survived the sinking of the MV Blue Water Princess. 15 bodies were recovered and divers said they found many more.
    (AP, 7/13/07)

2007        Jul 19, Rev. Giancarlo Bossi (57), an Italian priest held hostage for over a month in the southern Philippines, was released.
    (AP, 7/20/07)

2007        Jul 30, In the Philippines southeast Asian foreign ministers agreed to set up a regional human rights commission, overcoming fierce resistance from military-ruled Myanmar. Myanmar agreed not to veto discussion over the human rights commission at a November summit. 
    (AP, 7/30/07)(Econ, 8/4/07, p.36)

2007        Jul 31, ASEAN Plus Three foreign ministers gathered in Manila on the eve of high-level security talks. ARF, which includes the United States, European Union, India, Pakistan, North and South Korea and other countries, and will also hold talks here on Aug 1-2.
    (AP, 7/31/07)

2007        Aug 1, The ASEAN summit got underway in Manila. Diplomats held dozens of meetings in the Philippine capital, using the annual gathering of nearly 30 nations to confer on everything from the North Korean crisis to the conflict in Darfur.
    (AP, 8/1/07)

2007        Aug 2, FBI agents arrested Rahmat Abdhir (43), aka Sean Kasem and Sean Kalimin, in San Jose, Ca., for providing material support to his brother, Zulkifli Abdhir (41), a US-trained engineer and terror suspect in the Philippines.
    (SFC, 8/3/07, p.B5)

2007        Aug 9, In the Philippines Abu Sayyaf extremists ambushed a truckload of troops going to market, then fought a gunbattle with soldiers in pursuit. The death toll included 25 soldiers and 27 militants on the volatile southern island of Jolo.
    (AP, 8/9/07)(AP, 8/10/07)

2007        Aug 18, In the Philippines 16 troops and dozens of Muslim extremists were killed in clashes between government forces and Al-Qaeda-linked rebels on the southern island of Basilan.
    (AP, 8/18/07)

2007        Aug 26, In Manila, Philippines, economic ministers of Southeast Asian countries (ASEAN) and China agreed to strengthen product standards and safety. The move follows recalls of several tainted Chinese products from international markets.
    (AP, 8/26/07)

2007        Aug 28, Jose Maria Sison (68), a Philippine communist leader, accused of commanding a rebel uprising from exile for more than 20 years was arrested by Dutch police in Utrecht on suspicion of ordering the murder of two former allies in his home country. He was accused of ordering the killings in 2003 and 2004 of Romulo Kintanar and Arturo Tabara, who were gunned down in the Philippines.
    (AP, 8/29/07)

2007        Aug, A census in the Philippines put the population at almost 89 million.
    (Econ, 4/26/08, p.62)

2007        Sep 12, In the Philippines a court found former Pres. Joseph Estrada guilty of taking more than $85 million in bribes and kickbacks and sentenced him to life imprisonment, ending a trial that spanned 6 years.
    (SFC, 9/12/07, p.A19)

2007        Sep 19, In the Philippines the US embassy said the US government will spend 190 million dollars over the next five years on development aid projects in the troubled southern Philippines.
    (AP, 9/19/07)

2007        Oct 3, A Dutch court rejected a prosecution appeal against the release of Philippine communist leader Jose Maria Sison, accused of being involved in murders in the Philippines.
    (AFP, 10/3/07)

2007        Oct 4, Philippine President Gloria Arroyo called for increased trade with India at the start of a three-day visit.
    (AP, 10/4/07)

2007        Oct 19, In the Philippines a powerful explosion ripped through three floors of a shopping mall in the heart of Manila's financial district, killing 11 people, injuring scores and sending police and troops on the highest state of alert. Police later said a gas leak was the likely cause.
    (AP, 10/19/07)(WSJ, 10/24/07, p.A1)

2007        Oct 25,     In the Philippines Pres. Gloria Macapagal Arroyo pardoned Joseph Estrada (70), the ousted former president and action hero. He was convicted last month on graft charges and given a life sentence. He had been under house arrest since 2001.
    (AP, 10/26/07)

2007        Nov 13, A bomb exploded at an entrance of the Philippine House of Representatives, killing Rep. Wahab Akbar, his driver and a staff person.
    (AP, 11/13/07)

2007        Nov 15, The Philippine government reached an agreement with the country's main Islamic separatist group on carving out boundaries for a Muslim homeland in the conflict-ridden south. In Manila 3 suspects were killed and three arrested as police raided an Islamic militant hideout near the Philippines legislature.
    (AP, 11/15/07)(AFP, 11/15/07)

2007        Nov 25, In the Philippines Typhoon Mitag hit Isabela province after killing 8 people in other parts of the country. A week earlier Typhoon Hagibis left 13 people before heading toward Vietnam. It then reversed direction and headed back toward the Philippines.
    (SFC, 11/26/07, p.A10)

2007        Nov 26, Philip Alston, a New York University law professor charged by the UN Human Rights Council with investigating extra-judicial killings in the Philippines, reported that the military was in a state of denial about its role in the deaths of about 800 opposition activists over the past six years.
    (AP, 11/26/07)
2007        Nov 26, In the Philippines the death toll from Typhoon Mitag rose to 17, as search operations began for a missing air force jet and a fishing vessel with 27 people aboard.
    (AFP, 11/27/07)

2007        Nov 29, Philippines’ President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo quickly quashed the latest threat to her rule, dispatching troops and SWAT teams when dissident military officers commandeered a five-star hotel after walking out of their coup trial.
    (AP, 11/29/07)

2007        Nov 30, In the Philippines 50 military officers and their supporters, including a former vice president, were under arrest and others were being sought following a failed attempt to trigger a "people power" revolt against the president.
    (AP, 11/30/07)

2007        Dec 2, About two dozen protesters angry over a rape case involving a Marine stormed the American Embassy. The protesters demanded the transfer to a Philippine jail of Marine Lance Cpl. Daniel Smith, who was convicted a year ago of raping a Filipino woman but has remained under U.S. government custody.
    (AP, 12/2/07)

2007        Dec 6, In the Philippines 14 Muslim Abu Sayyaf were sentenced to life in prison for the 2001 kidnapping of a US missionary couple and 18 others in a yearlong jungle ordeal that prompted US-backed offensives against the guerrillas.
    (AP, 12/6/07)(SFC, 12/7/07, p.A4)

2007        Dec 7, Two gunmen barged into a central Philippine town hall and killed the vice mayor, a human rights advocate who had condemned a series of killings of left-wing activists.
    (AP, 12/8/07)

2007        Dec 13, In the Philippines leaders of 2 separatist groups met with Seif al-Islam Khadafy, son of Libyan leader Moammar Khadafy, and said they should be able to resolve differences that dated back to 1976 when the Moro Islamic Liberation Front broke from the Moro National Liberation Front.
    (SFC, 12/15/07, p.A9)

2007        Dec 15, Filipino soldiers killed Abdulmibin Sakandal, a suspected Abu Sayyaf militant wanted by Philippine and US authorities for alleged involvement in the 2000 kidnappings of 21 people, including Western tourists.
    (AP, 12/16/07)

2008        Jan 3, In the southern Philippines 2 al-Qaida-linked Muslim militants, including one wanted for the 2001 kidnapping of three Americans and 17 other people from a resort island, were captured in separate raids. Troops arrested suspected Abu Sayyaf sub-leader Tuwatin Anahalul in Zamboanga del Sur province's Margusatubig town.
    (AP, 1/4/08)

2008        Jan 15, In the Philippines gunmen ransacked a Roman Catholic school in the southernmost Tawi-Tawi Island, fatally shooting Reynaldo Roda (55), a priest who had received death threats from Muslim militants and abducting a teacher.
    (AP, 1/16/08)

2008        Jan 30, In the southern Philippines a homemade bomb ripped through a fish processing plant, killing three and injuring 27 workers.
    (AP, 1/30/08)

2008        Jan 31, In the southern Philippines Abu Sayyaf commander Wahab Upao, a Muslim militant who allegedly gunned down a Roman Catholic priest in a raid on a school, was killed in a clash with troops pursuing an Indonesian terror suspect.
    (AP, 1/31/08)

2008        Feb 2, Taiwan's president inaugurated a runway on disputed Taiping island in the Spratlys chain in the South China Sea, sparking a protest from the Philippines which also claims sovereignty over the isle.
    (AP, 2/3/08)

2008        Feb 4, In the Philippines at least 7 civilians, including four children, were killed during a military operation against al-Qaida-linked militants on southern Jolo island.
    (AP, 2/5/08)

2008        Feb 12, The Philippine government called for calm amid growing street protests calling for President Gloria Arroyo to resign over a corruption scandal which has implicated her husband and a close aide.
    (AP, 2/12/08)

2008        Feb 15, In the Philippines thousands of protesters massed in Jakarta with some hurling tomatoes at images of President Gloria Arroyo and her husband, demanding their ouster for alleged corruption.
    (AP, 2/15/08)

2008        Feb 17, Mohamad Baehaqi (26), an alleged member of the Indonesia-based Jemaah Islamiyah terror network, was arrested with two Filipinos during a raid on their hide-out in the southern Philippines.
    (AP, 2/19/08)

2008        Feb 25, Thousands of Filipinos took to the streets and flocked to churches in a fresh wave of nationwide protests on the anniversary of a 1986 grass-roots revolt, calling for President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo to resign.
    (AP, 2/25/08)

2008        Feb 29, Two former Philippine presidents, once bitter foes, joined tens of thousands of protesters at a rally to press for President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo's resignation over a raging corruption scandal.
    (AP, 2/29/08)

2008        Mar 1, In the Philippines a bomb wounded two Filipino soldiers and four women at a bar near a military camp on Jolo Island, where US troops were conducting counterterrorism training.
    (AP, 3/2/08)

2008        Mar 3, A Red Cross official said more than 900 people have been stricken with typhoid in a city just south of the Philippine capital Manila. The disease was spread out in 18 villages.
    (AP, 3/3/08)

2008        Mar 5, Philippine officials said soaring oil prices and the rising cost of living have driven nearly four million people in the Philippines back into poverty.
    (AP, 3/5/08)

2008        Mar 10, A Manila court acquitted the flamboyant widow of late dictator Ferdinand Marcos of 32 counts of illegally transferring wealth abroad during her husband's 20-year rule.
    (AP, 3/10/08)

2008        Mar 26, Philippine farmers warned that the country was facing a serious rice supply crisis, as the government signed a deal to import rice from Vietnam to boost local reserves at a time of rising prices and shrinking global stocks.
    (AP, 3/26/08)
2008        Mar 26, In the southern Philippines a passenger boat with 14 people on board capsized, leaving only one known survivor, a man who swam several hours to shore. Most of the missing were children.
    (AP, 3/28/08)

2008        Mar 27, The editor-in-chief of the local edition said the Philippines will get its own edition of Playboy magazine, only without the nudity that made the US version famous. The Philippine edition will be launched on April 2 as a "mature lifestyle magazine."
    (AFP, 3/27/08)

2008        Apr 4, President Gloria Arroyo announced major investments to overhaul the Philippine agriculture sector, as the country grapples with soaring rice prices that have raised fears of social unrest.
    (AFP, 4/4/08)

2008        Apr 8, A Philippine court sentenced 9 military officers to jail terms ranging from 12 to 40 years for taking part in a foiled coup plot against President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo in 2003.
    (AP, 4/8/08)

2008        Apr 15, In the northern Philippines army troops clashed with communist rebels, leaving three people dead in Quezon province's General Nakar town.
    (AP, 4/15/08)

2008        Apr 18, In the northern Philippines a passenger bus plunged into a ravine, killing nine people and injuring more than 20.
    (AP, 4/18/08)

2008        Apr 24, It was reported that the US military’s health insurance program has been swindled out of more than $100 million over the past decade in bogus claims filed in the Philippines, where US bases were closed in 1992.
    (SFC, 4/24/08, p.A4)

2008        Apr 30, In the southern Philippines troops captured a camp that housed a bomb-making factory of al-Qaida-linked militants after heavy fighting.
    (AP, 4/30/08)

2008        May 3, The Asian Development Bank, announced emergency funding to help poor countries struggling with rice prices that have nearly tripled in four months. The Manila-based organization made the announcement while meeting in Spain.
    (AP, 5/4/08)

2008        May 5, In the southern Philippines communist rebels ambushed an army convoy with land mines and machine-gun fire, killing three soldiers and wounding 13.
    (AP, 5/5/08)

2008        May 16, In the Philippines at least 8 bank employees and a security guard were lined up and shot dead in the head in a bloody bank robbery in Cabuyao, Laguna province. Another employee was in critical condition at a hospital. On May 30 Ricardo Gomolon (38), a former soldier, was among three people arrested over the murder of 10 people in one of the Philippines' deadliest bank robberies. 2 suspects were still at large.
    (AP, 5/16/08)(AFP, 5/30/08)

2008        May 17, In the Philippines Tropical Storm Halong made landfall in Pangasinan province, northwest of Manila. By May 20 the death toll from the storm had reached 37.
    (AP, 5/21/08)

2008        May 19, In the Philippines a man strafed several houses during a shooting spree in a town south of Manila, killing eight people and wounding six others. Five of the dead were children aged 4-12 years who were sleeping inside their homes in Calamba town. The lone suspect escaped.
    (AP, 5/19/08)

2008        May 22, Thailand's PM Sundaravej pledged to sell rice to Manila at "negotiable" rates, as he began a visit to the Philippines, which is working to boost its stocks of the grain.
    (AFP, 5/22/08)

2008        May 25, In the southern Philippines at least 17 marines were wounded and two Muslim separatist rebels killed as fierce prolonged fighting broke out on Basilan island.
    (AFP, 5/25/08)

2008        May 29, In the southern Philippines 2 people were killed and 21 injured when suspected terrorists detonated a bomb outside a US aid project office near an air base.
    (AP, 5/29/08)

2008        Jun 8, In the Philippines a television news team was abducted in Sulu province by armed men, believed to be members of Abu Sayaf. A cameraman was released on June 12, but 2 colleagues remained captive.
    (SFC, 6/11/08, p.A15)(AP, 6/13/08)

2008        Jun 19, Philippine officials said Indanan township mayor Alvarez Isnaji and his son Jun, who negotiated with al-Qaida-linked rebels for the release of an abducted TV news anchor and three other people, have been arrested as suspects in the June 8 kidnappings.
    (AP, 6/19/08)

2008        Jun 20, Typhoon Fengshen smashed into the Philippines' third largest island packing winds of 140 kilometers (87 miles) an hour as residents braced for flooding, landslides and big waves. Flash floods and landslides triggered by Typhoon Fengshen left more than 700 dead or missing in various parts of the country.
    (AFP, 6/20/08)(AFP, 6/21/08)(Econ, 6/28/08, p.49)

2008        Jun 21, In the Philippines the Princess of Stars, carrying 862 passengers and crew, ran aground and capsized 3 km (2 miles) from Sibuyan island in the center of the archipelago. Nearly 800 passengers were missing as Typhoon Fengshen killed scores and left a trail of destruction across the archipelago. Only 48 survivors of the ferry were found, including 28 rescued the next day.
    (Reuters, 6/22/08)(AP, 6/23/08)(Econ, 6/28/08, p.49)

2008        Jun 28, In the southern Philippines some 50 New People's Army guerrillas attacked a police station and burned a cellular phone transmission tower, sparking clashes with government forces that killed at least 11 people.
    (AP, 6/29/08)

2008        Jun 29, In the central Philippines heavy rains have triggered a landslide that killed at least four people and injured 26 others.
    (AP, 6/30/08)

2008        Jun 30, In the Philippines gunmen killed journalist Bert Sison (62) and slightly wounded one of his daughters, whose sister pretended to be dead and escaped unharmed. The two daughters, also correspondents of the "Regional Bulletin," which reports mostly crime stories and sometimes carries articles critical of politicians.
    (AP, 7/1/08)

2008        Jul 1, Officials said Maoist rebels in the southern Philippines killed two soldiers in a public market and torched a cellular phone tower as the latest flare-up in the 40-year-old insurgency showed no sign of abating.
    (AP, 7/1/08)

2008        Jul 3, In the southern Philippines suspected communist guerrillas launched a series of attacks, lobbing a grenade that killed three people and raiding a police station and a gold mining company.
    (AP, 7/3/08)

2008        Jul 16, The Philippine government and Moro Islamic Liberation Front reached a deal to create an ancestral homeland for 3 million Muslims.
    (WSJ, 7/17/08, p.A8)

2008        Jul 24, In the southern Philippines a homemade bomb ripped through a commuter bus, wounding 27 people. In North Cotabato province communist rebels attacked a banana farm associated with Dole Foods Co. and a land mine hit a security vehicle rushing to intervene, killing one and wounding three others.
    (AP, 7/24/08)

2008        Jul 28, In the Philippines a packed commuter bus strayed into an oncoming lane and crashed head-on into another bus on a highway south of Manila, killing at least 11 people and injuring 29 others.
    (AP, 7/29/08)

2008        Aug 4, The Philippine Supreme Court, acting on a petition by Christian politicians, blocked the signing of a key accord granting an expanded southern homeland to minority Muslims as part of a deal to end decades of bloody Islamic rebellion.
    (AP, 8/4/08)(Econ, 8/9/08, p.41)

2008        Aug 10, In the Philippines nearly 3,000 troops and police launched an attack after guerrillas defied an ultimatum to withdraw from five towns in North Cotabato province.
    (AP, 8/11/08)

2008        Aug 11, Philippine attack aircraft and artillery bombed Muslim rebel positions for a second day, raising fears of a humanitarian disaster in North Cotabato province with nearly 130,000 refugees forced to flee. Members of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) attacked a town on the island of Basilan, around 200 km (125 miles) southwest of where the main fighting was taking place, and disrupted voting in local elections there.
    (Reuters, 8/11/08)

2008        Aug 12, Muslim guerrillas began withdrawing from several occupied southern Philippine villages following fierce fighting with government troops that has displaced nearly 160,000 civilians during harvest time.
    (AP, 8/12/08)

2008        Aug 15, In the Philippines at least 15 hitchhikers were killed and 14 others injured when the truck they were riding in plunged into a ravine outside Monkayo township in the southern gold mining area on Diwalawal mountain.
    (AP, 8/15/08)

2008        Aug 17, In the southern Philippines Muslim guerrillas killed four soldiers and four militiamen in an ambush of a military convoy.
    (AP, 8/17/08)

2008        Aug 18, In the southern Philippines separatists of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) attacked several towns and villages on Mindanao and killed 38 people.
    (SFC, 8/19/08, p.A9)(AP, 8/20/08)

2008        Aug 20, Abdurahman Macapaar  (aka Commander Bravo) of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), the Muslim rebel commander behind deadly raids in the southern Philippines, declared an "all-out war" against the government, saying his fighters were willing to die in battle.
    (AFP, 8/20/08)
2008        Aug 20, Five people were killed as Typhoon Nuri slammed into the northern Philippines, triggering heavy rain and warnings of possible storm surges.
    (AFP, 8/20/08)

2008        Aug 23, The Philippine government said at least 48 soldiers and civilians and scores of Muslim rebels have been killed in the southern Philippines in a week of fighting triggered by the collapse of a peace deal. Muslim rebels urged the Philippine government to halt a military offensive they say threatens a years-long peace process and escalates violence in the archipelago's troubled south.
    (Reuters, 8/23/08)(AP, 8/23/08)

2008        Aug 25, A 41-year-old Lockheed Martin C-130 military cargo plane crashed in the waters off the southern Philippines. Two Philippine Air Force pilots and 7 crewmen were feared dead.
    (AFP, 8/26/08)

2008        Sep 1, In the southern Philippines a homemade bomb exploded at a bus terminal, killing four people and injuring more than a dozen in Digos city in Davao del Sur province.
    (AP, 9/1/08)

2008        Sep 6-2008 Sep 7, In the southern Philippines 6 people were killed after a landslide triggered by heavy rains buried houses in the village of Masara. Another landslide the next day killed 5 more people there. At least 16 people were left missing.
    (AFP, 9/6/08)(AP, 9/7/08)

2008        Sep 22, In the Philippines 16 gold miners went into shafts during a typhoon that rapidly flooded the tunnels in Benguet province. 2 bodies were retrieved on Sep 25, 3 miners were rescued on Sep 29, 3 more on Sep 30, and 3 more on Oct 1. Two bodies were recovered on Oct 2 and one miner remained missing. The last of the miners was rescued on Oct 3. He was then arrested by police, who had a warrant for his arrest on unrelated theft and robbery charges.
    (AP, 9/29/08)(AP, 9/30/08)(AP, 10/1/08)(AP, 10/2/08)(AP, 10/4/08)

2008        Sep 26, In the Philippines three soldiers were killed after they tripped landmines planted near a New People's Army camp outside Lingig township in Surigao del Sur province. Informants reported that eight guerrillas had been killed since Sep 24 when army soldiers overran a rebel camp.
    (AP, 9/26/08)

2008        Oct 8, Pirates in Somalia released 15 Filipino seamen and four other crewmen of a chemical tanker hijacked nearly two months ago, but were still holding 67 other Filipino sailors.
    (AP, 10/9/08)

2008        Oct 9, Somali pirates freed 20 Filipino seamen from a hijacked ship they held for more than 80 days, as the Philippine government doubled the pay of sailors passing through pirate-infested international waters. 47 Filipinos on three other ships were still in the hands of Somali pirates. Pirates also released 29 Iranian crew members and their cargo ship hijacked off Somalia's coast in late July.
    (AP, 10/10/08)

2008        Oct 14, The Philippine Supreme Court threw out a proposed accord to grant minority Muslims expanded autonomy after Christian protests and renewed fighting convinced the government to abandon the deal. The accord would have expanded an existing six-province Muslim autonomous region in Mindanao, subject to the agreement of local residents.
    (AP, 10/14/08)

2008        Oct 15, Armed pirates hijacked a Japanese-operated bulk carrier with 21 Filipino crew members in the Gulf of Aden near Somalia. The ship African Sanderling was released on January 12, 2009.
    (AP, 10/15/08)(AP, 1/13/09)

2008        Oct 19, The Philippine government said it would pay 50,000 (1,063 dollars) for every M-16 assault rifle surrendered by a communist insurgent who abandoned the long-running rebellion.
    (AP, 10/19/08)

2008        Oct 24, In the Philippines communist rebels triggered a land mine and opened fire on a Philippine army unit in an ambush that killed six soldiers on Mindanao Island. The rebels manually triggered the US-made claymore mine as the soldiers hiked past on a narrow mountain trail and then opened fire.
    (AP, 10/25/08)

2008        Oct 25, In the Philippines communist guerrillas, disguised as anti-narcotics agents, barged into a poorly guarded prison in Quezon province southeast of Manila and freed seven of their comrades in a daring 15-minute attack staged without firing a shot.
    (AP, 10/26/08)

2008        Nov 4, In the Philippines a ferry packed with commuters overturned after it was buffeted by monsoon winds and huge waves, killing 42 people including 11 children. 76 people were rescued from the Don Dexter Cathlyn. It capsized shortly after leaving port in central Masbate island. Officials the next day detained the captain on suspicion of operating the vessel illegally.
    (AP, 11/4/08)(AP, 11/5/08)

2008        Nov 6, In the central Philippines a small ferry capsized during a storm at Bagongon islet. 11 passengers drowned in waters just 200 yards offshore. 30 survived a 3 remained missing.
    (AP, 11/6/08)(AP, 11/7/08)

2008        Nov 10, Pirates near Somalia hijacked the MT Stolt Strength. a Philippines chemical tanker with 23 crew, bringing the total number of attacks in waters off the African nation this year to 83. The ship was freed on April 21.
    (AP, 11/11/08)(AFP, 4/21/09)

2008        Nov 17, In the Philippines a gunman on a motorcycle killed Arecio Padrigao, a hard-hitting Filipino radio commentator, in front of Bukindon State University in southern Gingoog city. This was the seventh deadly attack on reporters in the Philippines this year.
    (AP, 11/17/08)

2008        Nov 19, Philippine health officials said at least two people have died and more than 1,500 are in hospital following a suspected outbreak of cholera in the southern Philippines.
    (AFP, 11/19/08)

2008        Nov 20, In the Philippines a mother and her 3 children were among the six people killed after a mudslide triggered by days of heavy rain buried houses in a southern gold mining town.
    (AP, 11/21/08)

2008        Dec 6, In the Philippines gunmen armed with automatic weapons and grenades fired on police officers who were tailing them, leaving at least 17 people dead in a fierce shootout in a Manila suburb.
    (AP, 12/6/08)

2008        Dec 7, In the Philippines Abu Sayyaf and Muslim militants engaged in fierce clashes with governments troops who took over a southern village on Basilan island notorious as a hide-out for kidnappers and al-Qaida-linked rebels. At least five soldiers were killed and dozens wounded.
    (AP, 12/8/08)

2008        Dec 8, In the Philippines suspected extortionists armed with automatic rifles and rocket-propelled grenades attacked two cargo ships docked at a southern port, wounding two crew members.
    (AP, 12/9/08)

2008        Dec 14, In the northeastern Philippines an overcrowded ferry capsized just short of its destination in rough seas, causing terrified passengers to leap into the sea. At least 30 people drowned.
    (AP, 12/15/08)(AP, 12/16/08)

2008        Dec 23, In the southern Philippines members of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front attacked villages in the Sultan Kudarat township, killing 9 civilians.
    (SFC, 12/27/08, p.A6)

2008        Benito Vergara authored “Pinoy Capital: The Filipino Nation in Daly City.”
    (www.goodreads.com/book/show/6170014-pinoy-capital)

2009        Jan 14, Philippine officials said weeklong rains have triggered flash floods, landslides and sea surges across the Philippines, leaving at least 11 people dead and another 8 missing.
    (AP, 1/14/09)

2009        Jan 15, In the Philippines gunmen abducted three Red Cross workers in a southern Muslim militant stronghold, prompting a search operation by US-backed Filipino troops through dense jungles in the country's worst foreign hostage crisis in nearly eight years. Seven suspects including three police officers were later arrested in connection with a wide-ranging official enquiry into the abductions on the southern island of Jolo. Eugenio Vagni (63), Italian Red Cross worker, was released on July 11. A Swiss and a Filipino, had been freed earlier in the year by the militants.
    (AP, 1/15/09)(AFP, 4/6/09)(AP, 7/11/09)

2009        Jan 29, In the Philippines a powerful explosion destroyed a fireworks factory and a nearby electronics plant south of Manila, killing at least six people and injuring more than 40.
    (AP, 1/29/09)

2009        Feb 9, In the Philippines Abu Sayyaf militants holding three Red Cross workers tried to break a military cordon that has boxed them in for days, setting off a clash that wounded five marines and sparked concerns over the hostages' safety.
    (AP, 2/9/09)

2009        Feb 11, The Philippines Supreme Court said in a statement it had ordered Manila to negotiate with the US authorities for an "appropriate agreement on detention facilities under Philippine authorities" for Lance Corporal Daniel Smith. In 2006 Smith was convicted and sentenced to 40 years in jail for raping a Filipina after he took part in military exercises north of Manila in 2005.
    (AFP, 2/11/09)

2009        Feb 13, In the southern Philippines 9 gunmen snatched a Sri Lankan peace activist from his home, the latest in a wave of kidnappings blamed on al-Qaida-linked militants.
    (AP, 2/13/09)

2009        Mar 10, The Philippine president signed a law affirming sovereignty over islands also claimed by China and Vietnam, sparking protests over the control of strategic South China Sea islands. The Chinese Embassy issued a statement expressing its "strong opposition and solemn protest" over the signing of the law.
    (AP, 3/11/09)

2009        Mar 17, Philippine marines and al-Qaida-linked militants holding three Red Cross workers clashed for a second day, leaving three troops and up to 7 Abu Sayyaf militants dead.
    (AP, 3/17/09)(AP, 3/18/09)

2009        Mar 29, In the Philippines Abu Sayyaf commander Albader Parad threatened to behead one of three Red Cross hostages, two Europeans and a Filipino, at 2 p.m. March 31, unless police and militiamen withdraw from 15 villages on Jolo island.
    (AP, 3/30/09)

2009        Mar 30, Fishermen in the Philippines accidentally caught and soon ate a megamouth shark, one of the rarest fishes in the world with only 40 others recorded to have been encountered. The 1,100-pound (500-kilogram) 13-foot (4-meter) megamouth died while struggling in the fishermen's net off Burias island.
    (AP, 4/7/09)

2009        Apr 2, In the southern Philippines Islamic militants released a Filipina Red Cross aid worker, leaving a Swiss and an Italian still held captive.
    (AFP, 4/2/09)

2009        Apr 3, The Philippines said it will take needed steps to be stricken from a list of four nations blacklisted by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development as uncooperative tax havens.
    (AP, 4/3/09)

2009        Apr 4, In the Philippines two homemade bombs exploded hours apart in the same bus, wounding the conductor and five passengers in an attack police said may have been the work of an extortion gang led by former Muslim rebels.
    (AP, 4/4/09)

2009        Apr 18, Philippine security forces rescued Andreas Notter (38), a Swiss Red Cross worker held hostage since January 15 by Islamic guerrillas. The government said it had no immediate details about a 2nd International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) hostage, Italian national Eugenio Vagni (62), who was believed to be unwell and in need of hernia surgery.
    (AFP, 4/18/09)

2009        May 3, In the southern Philippines 7 people were killed and 1,000 forced to flee their homes as fresh fighting broke out when MILF separatist guerrillas attacked civilians. The 12,000-member MILF has been waging a decades-old insurgency to set up a Muslim state in the southern Philippines, where Christian settlers now outnumber the original inhabitants.
    (AFP, 5/5/09)

2009        May 5, The Philippine military rejected a US government assessment that labeled the country's south as a terrorist safe haven. The US State Department reported last week in its annual assessment of worldwide terrorism that the southern Mindanao region, specifically predominantly Muslim Sulu province, remains a sanctuary for extremists.
    (AP, 5/5/09)

2009        May 7, In the Philippines fighting in the southern island of Jolo broke out after Muslim extremist Abu Sayyaf members ambushed Chief Superintendent Julasirim Kasim, killing him and four of his men. Five rebels were also killed in the attack. In retaliatory attacks that followed more than 20 Muslim extremists were killed.
    (AP, 5/11/09)

2009        May 8, In the northern Philippines Typhoon Cha-hom dumped heavy rains overnight, triggered landslides and left at least 10 people dead and four missing.
    (AP, 5/8/09)

2009        May 15, In Indonesia 6 Asia-Pacific countries, meeting at the World Oceans Conference, agreed on a management plan to protect one of the world's largest networks of coral reefs, promising to reduce pollution, eliminate overfishing and improve the livelihoods of impoverished coastal communities. The Coral Triangle Initiative on Coral Reefs, Fisheries and Food Security covered an area defined as the Coral Triangle, which spans Indonesia, the Philippines, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands and East Timor.
    (AP, 5/15/09)

2009        May 17, In the Philippines police recovered the severed head of Doroteo Gonzales (61), a farm owner kidnapped on April 25 by Muslim militants. Authorities said he was likely beheaded because his family failed to pay ransom.
    (AP, 5/18/09)

2009        May 18, In the southern Philippines mudslides tumbled down a rain-soaked mountain, burying dozens of shanties in a gold mining village and killing at least 26 people.
    (AP, 5/19/09)

2009        May 30, In the central Philippines communist rebels threw two grenades at army troops helping treat villagers, killing two soldiers and a civilian who covered a child with his body during the attack in Northern Samar province.
    (AP, 5/31/09)

2009        Jun 6, Philippine government troops seized a Muslim separatist rebel camp in southern Maguindanao province following three days of fighting that left 30 guerrillas dead.
    (AP, 6/6/09)

2009        Jun 9, In the Philippines lawyer and radio commentator Crispin Perez Jr. was killed in Mindoro Occidental province by motorcycle-riding gunman. His wife said the attack may have been work-related.
    (AP, 6/17/09)

2009        Jun 11, In the southern Philippines Ansar Venancio, a Filipino bomb expert from the Jemaah Islamiyah (JI) group, was arrested in Marawi city. He is thought to have carried out a deadly attack on Manila in 2000.
    (AFP, 6/11/09)

2009        Jun 12, In the Philippines fighting with the militant Moro Islamic Liberation Front left 10 dead and 20 wounded. Columnist Antonio Castillo was killed in Masbate province by motorcycle-riding gunmen.
    (AP, 6/13/09)(AP, 6/17/09)
2009        Jun 12, In New Jersey an Indictment was unsealed today against three individuals who allegedly hacked into the telephone systems of large corporations and entities in the US and abroad and sold information about the compromised telephone systems to Pakistani nationals residing in Italy. Italian law enforcement conducted searches of approximately 10 locations in four regions of Italy and arrested the financiers of the hacking activity. Those financiers allegedly used the information to transmit over 12 million minutes of telephone calls valued at more than $55 million over the hacked networks of victim corporations in the US alone.
    (SFC, 6/16/09, p.A2)(http://newark.fbi.gov/dojpressrel/2009/nk061209.htm)

2009        Jun 13, In the Philippines Al-Qaida-linked Abu Sayyaf militants holding Eugenio Vagni (62), an Italian Red Cross worker captive, killed five Philippine marines and wounded 10 others in an ambush on southern Jolo Island.
    (AP, 6/13/09)

2009        Jun 20, In the southern Philippines suspected Muslim guerrillas hurled two grenades near a crowded town plaza where a beauty contest was being held, killing at least one person and wounding 32 others in the predominantly Christian town of Maasim, Sarangani province.
    (AP, 6/21/09)

2009        Jun 27, In the Philippines two soldiers were shot dead by suspected Abu Sayyaf members as they stepped outside of their camp to buy cigarettes in Tipo-tipo town, Basilan Island.
    (AP, 6/28/09)

2009        Jun 28, In the Philippines 7 policemen were killed in an attack by suspected Muslim guerrillas on the restive southern island of Basilan.
    (AFP, 6/28/09)

2009        Jul 5, In the southern Philippines suspected Muslim guerrillas detonated a bomb near a Roman Catholic cathedral in Cotabato city, killing at least five people and wounding 46.
    (AP, 7/5/09)

2009        Jul 7, In the Philippines a crude bomb hidden on a motorcycle exploded in a port city on southern Jolo island where al-Qaida-linked militants are active, killing at least two people and wounding 24.
    (AP, 7/7/09)

2009        Jul 15, In the Philippines five employees of a logging company, including a woman, were seized by eight guerrillas belonging to the Moro Islamic Liberation Front in Kapai township in Lanao del Sur province. Army troops and police rescued the victims on July 18 near Kapai without a fire fight. Basit Kauyag was identified as the leader of the kidnappers.
    (AP, 7/19/09)

2009        Jul 19,     Philippine officials said hundreds of marines and army troops have been deployed to two islands in the southern Philippines for a new offensive aimed at eradicating al-Qaida-linked Abu Sayyaf militants by the end of this year.
    (AP, 7/19/09)

2009        Jul 23, The Philippine government ordered its military to stop offensives against Muslim separatist rebels in a bid to restart peace talks, a move welcomed by the guerrillas.
    (AP, 7/23/09)

2009        Aug 1, In the Philippines former President Corazon Aquino (b.1933) died. The "people power" uprising she led in 1986 brought down the repressive 20-year regime of Ferdinand Marcos and served as an inspiration to nonviolent resistance across the globe. Due to the time difference her death was reported in the US on July 31.
    (Reuters, 8/1/09)

2009        Aug 6, In the northern Philippines heavy monsoon rains inundated wide areas, triggering flash floods and landslides that killed 21 people, including two French citizens and a Belgian who were touring Mount Pinatubo. Typhoon Morakot left seven others missing in landslides and floodwaters.
    (AP, 8/7/09)(AP, 8/9/09)

2009        Aug 12, Philippine troops overran two jungle camps of al-Qaida-linked militants in their deadliest clash in years, with 23 soldiers and 31 guerrillas killed. The two camps served as a stronghold and a bomb factory for the Abu Sayyaf on Basilan. Troops found several bombs, booby traps and 15 assault rifles and grenade launchers.
    (AP, 8/13/09)

2009        Aug 19, Philippine troops clashed with about 30 Muslim gunmen, who took over Mantangule islet in the southern part of Palawan Island, killing at least seven and capturing two.
    (AP, 8/19/09)

2009        Aug 21, Philippine police arrested Dinno-Amor Rosalejos Pareja, also known as Khalil Pareja, the alleged leader of a radical Islamist group believed to be responsible for one of Southeast Asia's deadliest terror attacks. Pareja is allegedly the leader of the Rajah Solaiman Movement, a group of Christian converts to Islam. The group is believed to be behind the 2004 ferry bombing that killed 116 people in Manila Bay. It was the second-most deadly terrorist attack in Southeast Asia after the 2002 attack on the Indonesian resort island of Bali that killed 202 people.
    (AP, 8/21/09)

2009        Sep 6, In the southern Philippines the Superferry 9, carrying nearly 1,000 passengers, sank leaving at least 9 people dead. After rescue efforts one passenger was left unaccounted.
    (AFP, 9/6/09)(AP, 9/7/09)

2009        Sep 20, In the southern Philippines clashes erupted when al-Qaida-linked militants resisted attempts by government forces to serve arrest warrants on 3 of their commanders. Troops took control of the Abu Sayyaf group's biggest camp on the island of Jolo following rounds of air strikes.
    (AP, 9/20/09)(AP, 9/21/09)

2009        Sep 21, Philippine marines were ambushed by Abu Sayyaf fighters, as they were leaving a newly-captured camp on Jolo Island, resulting in the deaths of 8 troopers and 5 guerrillas. Abu Sayyaf reinforcements had come in by boat from the nearby islands of Basilan to help their comrades on Jolo.
    (AFP, 9/21/09)

2009        Sep 26, In the northern Philippines nearly a month's worth of rain fell in six hours as Tropical Storm Ketsana slammed ashore, stranding thousands on rooftops in the capital's worst flooding in more than 42 years.
    (AP, 9/26/09)

2009        Sep 27, In the northern Philippines rescuers plucked bodies from muddy floodwaters and saved drenched survivors from rooftops. The death toll in the Philippines from Typhoon Ketsana reached 246 with 42 missing. The economic cost was nearly $100 million.
    (AP, 9/27/09)(AP, 9/30/09)

2009        Sep 29, In the southern Philippines 2 US soldiers were killed in the deadliest attack against American troops there since they began helping local forces stamp out Muslim extremists in 2001. In 2011 Arabi Sali, suspected of involvement in the roadside bombing that killed the 2 US soldiers, was arrested. On June 1, 2014, Miraji Bairulla, a bomb expert of the rebel group the Moro National Liberation Front, was arrested for his role in the attack.
    (AFP, 9/29/09)(AP, 2/2/11)(AP, 6/1/14)

2009        Oct 3, In the Philippines Typhoon Parma cut a destructive path across the northern Philippines killing at least 30 people and leaving more than a dozen villages flooded, piling further misery on the Southeast Asian nation after floods from Ketsana claimed 298 lives.
    (AP, 10/4/09)(AP, 10/8/09)

2009        Oct 9, In the northern Philippines driving rain on the heels of back-to-back storms triggered dozens of landslides across, burying more than 225 people, washing away villages and leaving almost an entire province under water.
    (AP, 10/9/09)(AP, 10/10/09)

2009        Oct 11, In the southern Philippines 6 gunmen, believed to be Islamic militants, kidnapped Michael Sinnott, a 78-year-old Irish priest near Pagadian. They later demanded $2 million for his release. Sinnott was freed on Nov 12. Irish and Filipino authorities said neither country paid any of the kidnappers' $2 million ransom demand.
    (AFP, 10/11/09)(AP, 10/31/09)(AP, 11/12/09)

2009        Oct 15, A Philippine military tribunal acquitted 11 officers of plotting a foiled Feb, 2006, coup against President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo.
    (AP, 10/15/09)

2009        Oct 17, In the Philippines a propeller-driven plane on a test flight crashed and burst into flames in a suburb of Manila, killing at least four people onboard.
    (AP, 10/17/09)

2009        Oct 22, In the Philippines outbreaks of leptospirosis, spread by water contaminated with the urine of rats, dogs and other animals, have compounded the problems faced after back-to-back storms since late last month killed more than 900 people. The WHO said it will send an emergency team to help fight a bacterial disease outbreak that has killed at least 148 people and sickened nearly 2,000 in and around the flood-hit capital.
    (AP, 10/22/09)

2009        Oct 31, In the Philippines Typhoon Mirinae, the 4th since late September, battered Manila and surrounding provinces, sending residents of one town clambering onto rooftops to escape rising waters. 20 people wee left dead with east 5 missing.
    (AP, 10/31/09)(AP, 11/1/09)

2009        Nov 2, In the central Philippines a fire swept through a residential building as people slept in a slum community, killing 16 residents including women and children.
    (AP, 11/2/09)

2009        Nov 3, In the Philippines government troops attacked an Abu Sayyaf camp in the rebels' southern stronghold before dawn, triggering a five-hour clash in which five of the al-Qaida-linked militants were killed and one government militiaman was wounded.
    (AP, 11/3/09)

2009        Nov 2, Tropical Storm Mirinae slammed into Vietnam's central coast, unleashing heavy rains and winds and forcing more than 80,000 people to evacuate before losing steam as it moved inland. The storm killed at least 98 people. Mirinae also killed two people in Cambodia and left 19 people dead and three missing in the Philippines.
    (AP, 11/2/09)(AP, 11/3/09)(AFP, 11/5/09)

2009        Nov 13, Philippine Pres. Gloria Macapagal signed a bill criminalizing all forms of torture and prohibiting state authorities from using secret detention centers.
    (SFC, 11/14/09, p.A2)

2009        Nov 19, In Las Vegas Manny Pacquiao of the Philippines demolished Puerto Rican Miguel Cotto to become the only man in history to win seven titles in as many weight classes.
    (AFP, 11/20/09)

2009        Nov 23, In the southern Philippines dozens of gunmen hijacked a convoy carrying journalists, and family and supporters of a candidate for provincial governor, killing 57 people in Maguindanao province. In 2010 Senior Police Officer Rainier Ebus testified he saw former Mayor Andal Ampatuan Jr., the scion of the clan that was in control of southern Maguindanao province, shoot about 40 of the 57 victims after stopping their vehicles. Maguindanao is part of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, which was created as part of a 1996 peace agreement with a large Muslim rebel group. The body of journalist Reynaldo Momay (61), a photographer for a small-town newspaper, was missing. He would be the 58th victim.
    (AP, 11/23/09)(AP, 11/24/09)(AP, 11/10/10)(AP, 11/22/10)

2009        Nov 26, In the Philippines Andal Ampatuan Jr., mayor of Ampatua, surrendered to presidential adviser Jesus Dureza in the provincial capital. He had allegedly led dozens of police and pro-government militiamen in the Nov 23 massacre of an election convoy.
    (AP, 11/26/09)

2009        Dec 1, In the Philippines Andal Ampatuan Jr., the heir of a powerful clan, was charged in connection with the Nov 23 ambush in which 57 people, more than half journalists, were slaughtered. Three witnesses, who escaped, reported seeing him and some 100 gunmen stopping cars at the scene of the massacre.
    (AP, 12/1/09)

2009        Dec 4, Philippine security forces raided four compounds belonging to a powerful clan suspected in the massacre of 57 people in the Philippines' worst political violence. Soldiers using metal detectors, sniffer dogs and an excavator dug up more than a dozen crates of bullets in the mansion of a local mayor linked to last week's massacre.
    (AP, 12/4/09)(Reuters, 12/4/09)

2009        Dec 5, Philippine Pres. Gloria Macapagal Arroyo placed Maguindanao province under martial law. Government troops were reported to have taken Andal Ampatuan Sr., the former provincial governor, into custody for his clan’s role in the Nov 23 massacre that left 57 dead.
    (SFC, 12/5/09, p.A2)

2009        Dec 6, Philippine troops arrested 62 people and discovered another major weapons cache after martial law was imposed in southern Maguindanao province following the country's worst political massacre on Nov 23. About 20-30 armed followers of the Ampatuan clan, the main suspect in massacre, opened fire on police commandos while they were patrolling Datu Unsay township, near the site of the massacre. Government negotiators were trying to convince the gunmen to surrender to avoid bloodshed that could harm civilians.
    (AP, 12/6/09)(AP, 12/7/09)

2009        Dec 9, Philippine police named 161 suspects in the Nov 23 massacre of 57 people in the country's worst election violence, including government militiamen led by members of a powerful clan facing murder and rebellion charges.
    (AP, 12/9/09)

2009        Dec 10, In the Philippines gunmen abducted 65 students and teacher from a school in San Martin village on Mindanao island. Suspected bandits trying to evade police serving arrest warrants abducted dozens of villagers and were still holding 57 hostages after releasing all the schoolchildren they had seized.
    (AFP, 12/10/09)(AP, 12/10/09)(Econ, 12/12/09, p.48)

2009        Dec 11, In the Philippines government-armed former militiamen freed 10 more hostages seized in the remote south, and their leader demanded that murder charges against them be dropped before they release 47 others.
    (AP, 12/11/09)

2009        Dec 13, In the southern Philippines tribal gunmen freed 47 hostages, but the region continued to be wracked by violence. Suspected Islamic radicals staged a deadly jail break in which 31 inmates were freed, including comrades accused of beheading marines.
    (AP, 12/13/09)(SSFC, 12/13/09, p.A4)

2009        Dec 15, In the Philippines at least 9 communist rebels and one army soldier were killed in clashes as troops closed in on a guerrilla encampment in southern Bukidnon province.
    (AP, 12/15/09)
2009        Dec 15, The Philippines' most active volcano oozed lava and shot up plumes of ash, forcing thousands of people to evacuate their homes and face the possibility of a bleak Christmas in a shelter. State volcanologists raised the alert level on the cone-shaped, 8,070-foot (2,460-meter) Mayon volcano overnight to two steps below a major eruption.
    (AP, 12/15/09)

2009        Dec 24, In the Philippines 3 floating bodies were found as search-and-rescue teams combed the waters of Manila Bay for at least 24 people missing after a passenger ferry collided with a fishing boat.
    (AP, 12/24/09)

2009        Dec 26, In the Philippines a roll-on, roll-off ferry, carrying at least 88 people and nine cargo trucks, sank in the late evening off Verde Island. 6 people were confirmed dead and at least 22 were missing.
    (AP, 12/27/09)

2010        Jan 10, About 50,000 Philippine policemen began enforcing a 5-month ban on carrying guns in public in hopes of avoiding bloodshed in the buildup to May elections, arresting 18 violators at checkpoints across the country.
    (AP, 1/10/10)

2010        Jan 16, In the Philippines a fire raced through a slum near the main port Manila, leaving 4,000 people homeless and killing a 5-year-old girl.
    (AP, 1/17/10)

2010        Jan 28, In the southern Philippines a decades-old military plane crashed into a residential area, killing a two-star air force general and eight other people.
    (AP, 1/28/10)

2010        Feb 9, Philippine prosecutors filed charges against Andal Ampatuan senior, the head of a powerful clan, and 195 others in the biggest and deadliest murder case since the country's WW II war crimes trials.
    (AP, 2/9/10)(Econ, 2/20/10, p.40)

2010        Feb 11, The Philippines launched a European-funded program to reduce the country's large number of extralegal killings and disappearances of activists, journalists and union workers. The EU has pledged euro3.9 million ($5.36 million) for the EU-Philippines Justice Support Program to provide technical aid and training to bolster the country's criminal justice system.
    (AP, 2/11/10)

2010        Feb 18, Philippine troops arrested Jumadali Arad, a suspected Muslim militant accused in the high-profile kidnappings of three Americans, two of whom were later killed, and dozens of Filipinos nine years ago.
    (AP, 2/19/10)

2010        Feb 19, In the Philippines 2 soldiers were killed and one wounded on southern Basilan Island when they tripped the wire on a homemade bomb during an operation to track down militants.
    (AP, 2/19/10)

2010        Feb 21, In the Philippines Albader Parad, a top commander of the Al Qaeda-linked Abu Sayyaf, was among six militants killed in fighting on Jolo island. Another of those slain, Abdulhan Jumdail, was identified as the cousin of Umbra Jumdail, one of the core leaders of the Abu Sayyaf.
    (AFP, 2/21/10)

2010        Feb 27, In the southern Philippines Al-Qaeda-linked Muslim militants killed 11 people, hours after two hostages they were holding walked free.
    (AFP, 2/27/10)

2010        Mar 3, A Philippine official said a wildlife officer is suspected of stealing more than 1,500 pounds (700 kilograms) of smuggled elephant tusks seized last year, an embarrassing setback for the country's anti-poaching efforts. The ivory worth $65,000 was part of a 8,800-pound (4,000-kilogram) shipment of tusks that was impounded at Manila airport in July and turned over for disposal to the Protected Areas and Wildlife Bureau.
    (AP, 3/3/10)

2010        Mar 6, In the Philippines guerrillas of the communist New People's Army (NPA) killed 11 government soldiers in a gun battle on Mindoro island.
    (AFP, 3/6/10)

2010        Mar 7, Philippine marines killed at least seven al-Qaida-linked militants in a raid on a coastal hide-out but failed to capture a Malaysian terror suspect long wanted by Washington.
    (AP, 3/7/10)

2010        Mar 28, In the Philippines 2 marines were wounded and several Abu Sayyaf fighters were believed killed as troops pursued militants in an offensive on Jolo island that ended today. At least one body of an Abu Sayyaf fighter, killed in the 2-day assault, was dug up by troops.
    (AP, 3/28/10)(SFC, 3/29/10, p.A2)

2010        Mar 29, A Philippine court dismissed rebellion charges against a powerful clan leader and dozens of his followers but they remain in custody for their alleged role in the Nov 23, 2009, election-related massacre of 57 people. Prosecutors had charged Andal Ampatuan Sr., his four sons and followers with rebellion for allegedly plotting to stage an armed uprising after the government began to crack down on them when they were linked to the massacre.
    (AP, 3/29/10)

2010        Apr 2, In the Philippines at least 23 devotees were nailed to crosses in San Fernando city to mark Good Friday.
    (SFC, 4/3/10, p.A2)

2010        Apr 4, In the Philippines Carl Rieth (72), a Filipino businessman of Swiss descent, was kidnapped from his beach-front home on the southern Zamboanga peninsula. On June 16 Philippine troops rescued Reith.
    (AFP, 4/6/10)(AP, 6/16/10)

2010        Apr 8, The Philippine Supreme Court overturned a decision barring a gay rights group from contesting national elections in May and recognized it as a legitimate political party for the first time.
    (AP, 4/8/10)

2010        Apr 13, In the Philippines Muslim militants disguised as policemen and soldiers detonated bombs and opened fire in a series of coordinated attacks in southern in Isabela city, triggering clashes that killed at least 13 people. The death toll included three marines, a police officer and three militants, including Bensar Indama, the brother of militant leader Puruji Indama, whose body was found in a police uniform.
    (AP, 4/13/10)(AP, 4/14/10)

2010        Apr 18, In the Philippines Justice Secretary Alberto Agra said he has ordered prosecutors to remove the names of Zaldy Ampatuan, a former governor of a Muslim autonomous region, and his brother-in-law Akhmad from the charge sheets for lack of strong evidence linking them to the planning and staging of the Nov 23, 2009, carnage in Maguindanao's Ampatuan township.
    (AP, 4/18/10)

2010        Apr 21, In the Philippines an electrical fire forced a cargo plane's pilots to attempt an emergency landing in a Philippine rice field when the Russian-made Antonov-12 aircraft burst into flames, killing three of its six crew. The dead included two Russian ground engineers and a Bulgarian.
    (AP, 4/22/10)

2010        Apr 25, In the Philippines a huge fire sweeping through a shantytown outside Manila destroyed about 600 houses leaving one person dead and some 10,000 people homeless.
    (AP, 4/25/10)(AP, 4/26/10)

2010        May 4, The Philippine election commission ordered the recall of 76,000 memory cards to be used in the country's first automated elections next week after some were found to be defective, heightening jitters over a possible failure of the new system.
    (AP, 5/4/10)

2010        May 10, In the Philippines the military reported 37 incidents of election day violence, with at least nine dead and 12 wounded. That tally was low by the standards of past Philippine elections. Frontrunner Senator Benigno "Noynoy" Aquino was poised for a decisive victory despite technical problems which caused long delays but did not derail the polls as feared. Aquino grabbed over 40% of the estimated 37.5 million votes cast in the country's first automated polls.
    (Reuters, 5/10/10)(AFP, 5/11/10)

2010        May 16, In the Philippines Muslim guerrillas said that they were ready to enter into peace talks with Philippine president-apparent Benigno Aquino III after years of little progress under his predecessor.
    (AP, 5/16/10)

2010        May 17, Outgoing Philippine President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo swore in a new chief justice whose appointment has been questioned by her apparent successor, sparking fears of a constitutional crisis.
    (AP, 5/17/10)
2010        May 17, In the Philippines a helicopter carrying Quezon Gov. Rafael Nantes, two security personnel and the pilot, crashed into houses south of Manila, killing all four people aboard and a girl on the ground.
    (AP, 5/17/10)

2010        Jun 1, Philippine officials said elementary and high schools will start teaching basic sex education as a pilot program in the conservative Roman Catholic nation, brushing aside concerns by church leaders that it may encourage promiscuity among the youth.
    (AP, 6/1/10)

2010        Jun 5, In the Philippines the military said Al-Qaida-linked militants have fatally shot three abducted rubber farm workers after their families failed to pay a ransom. Gunmen led by senior Abu Sayyaf commander Furuji Indama seized the three men from a passenger minibus on May 27. They demanded 3 million pesos ($64,000) in ransom from their families. Muslim militants killed two villagers after fatally shooting three hostages, apparently to avenge the deaths of comrades in a government assault in the southern Philippines.
    (AP, 6/5/10)(AP, 6/6/10)

2010        Jun 8, In the Philippines a congressional count said Benigno Aquino III won more than 15 million votes in the May election, about 5.7 million ahead of his closest opponent, ousted leader Joseph Estrada, who pledged to support him. The 50-year-old bachelor and economics graduate will officially become the nation's 15th president on June 30.
    (AP, 6/8/10)

2010        Jun 12, In the Philippines Abu Sayyaf militants beheaded three loggers in apparent retaliation for government offensives near Maluso town on Basilan island.
    (AP, 6/13/10)

2010        Jun 13, In the central Philippines a bus rented by Iranian medical students plunged into a ravine while negotiating a mountain road, killing 21 people and injuring 26 others.
    (AP, 6/13/10)(AP, 6/14/10)

2010        Jun 14, In the southern Philippines a brazen gunman shot and killed Desidario Camangyan (52) of Sunshine FM radio, as he hosted a singing contest before shocked spectators in Davao Oriental province's Manay township.
    (AP, 6/15/10)

2010        Jun 22, Philippine marines killed two Muslim rebels in two clashes on Jolo island.
    (AP, 6/24/10)

2010        Jun 23, In the southern Philippines about 30 hooded attackers, believed to be Abu Sayyaf militants, shot and hacked horrified victims as they ran for their lives. Four people died and six were wounded in the ambush on a village road on Basilan island.
    (AP, 6/24/10)

2010        Jun 27, Philippine troops attacked a communist rebel camp to rescue an abducted soldier and a militiaman in the country's south, killing at least two communist guerrillas but failing to find the captives.
    (AP, 6/27/10)

2010        Jun 29, Philippine Pres. Beningno Aquino III said that one of his first acts will be to create a Truth Commission to probe the corruption he and his backers say flourished under former Pres. Gloria Macapagal Arroyo.
    (WSJ, 7/2/10, p.A11)

2010        Jun 30, In the Philippines Benigno Aquino III was sworn in as the country’s 15th president. He promised to prosecute the corrupt and banish poverty as he urged Filipinos to help him in a job he likened to a biblical burden.
    (AP, 6/30/10)

2010        Jul 5, Authorities in Iceland exhumed the body of American chess champion Bobby Fischer to determine whether he is the father of a 9-year-old girl from the Philippines.
    (AP, 7/05/10)

2010        Jul 7, In the Philippines officials said Nicanor Faeldon (44), a rebel soldier accused of leading two failed coup attempts, has turned himself in to authorities after 3 years on the run. Faeldon, a former bomb making trainer with the marines, was accused of helping lead 300 soldiers in taking over the upscale Oakwood Hotel and a nearby shopping center in Manila's financial district of Makati in July 2003, rigging the area with bombs.
    (AP, 7/7/10)

2010        Jul 12, In the Philippines when Canadian Geoffrey Alan Bennun (60) and his Filipino girlfriend were shot to death after a robber broke into their hotel room. Four days later, Briton James Bolton Porter (51) and his girlfriend were killed by a gunman in their house in Angeles' Malabanas village. About a week later a gunman killed American Albert Mitchell (70), a veteran of the US Air Force, along with his Filipino wife, Janet (53), and three Filipino staff inside their Angeles home [see July 27].
    (AP, 7/27/10)

2010        Jul 14, In the Philippines the first typhoon this year flooded parts of the capital, toppled power lines and killed at least 26 people, many of them trying to scramble to safety as the storm changed course. 38 people were missing. Typhoon Conson came ashore on the east coast of Luzon the previous night with winds of 75 miles per hour (120 km per hour).
    (AP, 7/14/10)

2010        Jul 22, In the northern Philippines an American man, Albert Mitchell, and four others were found shot dead at his rented home.
    (AFP, 7/22/10)

2010        Jul 25, In the Philippines gunmen strafed the center of a southern township, killing an aide to Vice Mayor Rasul Sangki, a key witness to the Nov 23, 2009, mass killings.
    (AP, 7/26/10)

2010        Jul 27, Philippine police tracked down Mark Dizon (28), a suspect in a series of grisly robberies and killings, with the help of his Facebook account. He was accused of killing nine people, six Filipinos, an American, a Canadian and a Briton, in three different robberies at hotels and homes this month in Angeles city.
    (AP, 7/27/10)

2010        Aug 2, In the Philippines the 2010 winners of the Ramon Magsaysay Awards were announced. Winners included Tadatoshi Akiba, the three-term mayor of Hiroshima, who spearheaded a global campaign for nuclear disarmament, and photographer Huo Daishan (56), who documented river pollution in his native China. The awards are considered Asia's equivalent of the Nobel Prize. Other awardees were physicists Christopher Bernido and wife Maria Victoria Carpio-Bernido of the Philippines, who introduced a novel way of teaching science, and Bangladeshi A.H.M. Noman Khan, who set up service-and-training centers for helping persons with disabilities.
    (AP, 8/2/10)

2010        Aug 5, In the southern Philippines a powerful bombing killed a man and wounded about a dozen other people including a provincial governor at the Zamboanga city airport.
    (AP, 8/5/10)

2010        Aug 18, In the Philippines a packed passenger bus negotiating a downhill curve plunged off a Philippine mountain highway into a 100-foot (30-meter) ravine, killing 41 people.
    (AP, 8/18/10)

2010        Aug 21, In the Philippines communist guerrillas, the New People’s Army, killed a local council member in northern Samar province and then waited for police to arrive. They then killed 8 police officers.
    (SSFC, 8/22/10, p.A6)

2010        Aug 23, Philippine police stormed a bus in downtown Manila after shots were heard from the hostage-taker of 15 Chinese tourists. Former Senior Inspector Rolando Mendoza (55), armed with a M16 rifle, had seized the busload of Hong Kong tourists to demand his reinstatement in the force. 8 tourists were killed along with Mendoza. Ken Leung died trying to subdue the gunman, who then killed his two daughters, Doris (21) and Jessie (14). The only survivors were the mother, Amy, and son Jason (18), who fell into a coma after suffering a head wound. Jason awoke from his coma around mid October. On Dec 16 Manila said it will pay compensation to the families of 8 Hong Kong tourists killed during the botched hostage rescue.
    (AP, 8/23/10)(AP, 8/24/10)(AP, 10/20/10)(AFP, 12/16/10)

2010        Aug 26, In the Philippines fire broke out late at night, possibly when gasoline a man was pouring into a container near an open stove caught alight, in two crowded villages in Navotas city, north of the capital Manila. 2 people were killed and thousands left homeless.
    (AP, 8/27/10)

2010        Aug 29, In Hong Kong an estimated 80,000 people marched in honor of eight locals killed Aug 23 in a bus hijacking in Manila, denouncing the Philippine government for botching the rescue operation and demanding justice for the dead.
    (AP, 8/29/10)

2010        Sep 4, Philippine police commandos killed an Abu Sayyaf commander linked to last year's kidnapping of Red Cross workers and gunned down two other militants in a clash in the south. Gafur Jumdail and two of his men were killed near Maimbung town on Jolo island after clashing with commandos tracking a Malaysian militant and allied Filipino fighters.
    (AP, 9/5/10)

2010        Sep 6, Philippine officials said the government has asked a court to outlaw the Abu Sayyaf as a terrorist group under a 2007 anti-terrorism law and blacklist more than 200 of its Islamic fighters blamed for two decades of bombings, kidnappings and beheadings.
    (AP, 9/6/10)

2010        Sep 12, Philippine authorities at Manila's airport found a newborn baby in a garbage bag that was apparently unloaded from an airplane that landed from the Middle East. On Sep 16 Rep. Lani Mercado said she met with the mother, who told her that she had been raped by her employer while working as a maid in Qatar and became pregnant.
    (AP, 9/12/10)(AP, 9/16/10)

2010        Sep 19, Philippine troops clashed with Abu Sayyaf gunmen in a southern coastal village and killed Abdukarim Sali, a long-wanted militant who helped in the 2001 kidnapping of three American and 17 Filipino tourists and the takeover of a hospital. Dozens of rebels from the larger Moro Islamic Liberation Front attacked a village in Basilan's Lamitan town, killing one villager and wounding another.
    (AP, 9/19/10)

2010        Sep 22, In the Philippines Mohagher Iqbal, chief negotiator for the 11,000-strong Moro Islamic Liberation Front, told local reporters that his group wanted a "substate" that he likened to a US state. He said it would not be independent and would be under a "unitary government.".
    (AP, 9/23/10)

2010        Sep 23, In the Philippines President Benigno Aquino ordered a halt to the demolition of thousands of squatter shanties in Manila following violent street protests.
    (AFP, 9/24/10)

2010        Oct 4, In the northern Philippines motorcycle-riding gunmen killed a regional trial court judge, prompting calls to exempt judges from a current gun ban.
    (AP, 10/4/10)

2010        Oct 12, Philippine President Benigno Aquino III granted amnesty to officers and soldiers accused of plotting to overthrow his predecessor. Only a handful of the original 300 troops who took up arms against then-President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo in July 2003 remained in military custody on charges of mutiny and coup attempt.
    (AP, 10/12/10)

2010        Oct 18, In the Philippines the strongest cyclone in years killed at least 36 people, leaving a wasteland of fallen trees and power poles and sending thousands scampering to safety in near-zero visibility. Super Typhoon Megi was forecast next to head toward China and Vietnam.
    (AP, 10/18/10)(AP, 10/19/10)(AP, 10/22/10)

2010        Oct 21, In the southern Philippines a bomb ripped through a passenger bus, killing at least 10 people and wounding nine in an attack authorities say may have been carried out by an extortion gang with links to Muslim militants.
    (AP, 10/21/10)

2010        Oct 22, In the Philippines ex-convict Fely Mateo stabbed 9 people at the Talisayan Elementary School in Zamboanga City, killing 3, before parents wrestled away his knife and stabbed him to death with it. The man killed a teacher, a 5th-grader and an elderly man who was among those who tried to grab the attacker's knife.
    (AP, 10/22/10)(AP, 10/20/10)

2010        Nov 1, Philippine investigators arrested Rolando Fajardo, one of the country's most elusive fugitives. He was wanted over the 1986 kidnapping of a Japanese executive.
    (AFP, 11/1/10)

2010        Nov 12, Philippine President Benigno Aquino III lashed out at the US and five other Western allies for issuing what he said were unverified warnings of a possible terrorist attack in the Southeast Asian nation at a time when it is trying to bolster its lackluster tourism industry.
    (AP, 11/12/10)

2010        Nov 13, In Texas Manny Pacquiao, boxer and Filipino congressman, cemented his claim to being the best fighter in the world by dominating the bigger but slower Antonio Margarito of Mexico. Pacquiao earned a guaranteed $15 million.
    (AP, 11/14/10)

2010        Dec 1, In the Philippines suspected communist guerrillas seized a passenger bus then opened fire on pursuing government forces in a running gunbattle that killed at least four people in San Francisco town, Quezon province.
    (AP, 12/1/10)

2010        Dec 3, The Philippine government and communist rebels announced they will resume peace negotiations to end the 41-year-old Maoist insurgency early next year after the talks were suspended more than six years ago.
    (AP, 12/3/10)

2010        Dec 8, In the Philippines Pres. Benigno Aquino III lashed out at a Supreme Court decision rejecting an investigative body he created to look into alleged corruption during his predecessor's administration, vowing his anti-graft battle would not be deterred by the setback.
    (AP, 12/8/10)

2010        Dec 10, Philippine President Benigno Aquino III ordered prosecutors to drop criminal charges against 43 health workers arrested by the army as suspected communist rebels 10 months ago, saying their rights were violated.
    (AP, 12/10/10)

2010        Dec 14, In the central Philippines suspected communist guerrillas killed 10 army soldiers returning to their camp after being recalled from combat two days before a Christmas cease-fire. A boy (9) also was killed in the crossfire when the New People's Army guerrillas detonated land mines then opened fire on the soldiers near where villagers were swimming in a river in Northern Samar province.
    (AP, 12/15/10)

2010        Dec 19, In the northern Philippines a fire rapidly swept through a 5-storey budget hotel in Tuguegarao burning to death 15 people, several crammed in bathrooms where they fled in panic. Nine of the victims were nursing students in town to take a licensing exam. The death toll rose to 16 after one person died in a hospital
    (AP, 12/19/10)(AP, 12/20/10)

2010        Dec 25, In the southern Philippines a bomb exploded during Christmas Day Mass at a chapel inside a police camp on Jolo island, wounding 6 people. The next day Pres. Aquino said that investigators had identified a suspect and a possible "terror plot" in the bombing.
    (AP, 12/25/10)(AFP, 12/27/10)

2010        Dec 26, In the Philippines Communist rebels threatened more attacks despite looming peace talks with the government, as they marked the insurgency's 42nd anniversary by defiantly marching with their weapons in public view.
    (AP, 12/26/10)

2010        Dec 27, In the Philippines US Lt. Cmdr. Scintar Buenviaje Mejia (35) died of head injuries after jumping from a second-floor staircase while a security guard escorted him to the bathroom. He was arrested a day earlier with what was thought to be cocaine. Tests later showed the white powder wasn't an illegal drug.
    (AP, 12/28/10)

2010        Dec 29, In the Philippines a gift-wrapped grenade exploded and killed a woman (31) when she opened the package inside her house in an upscale neighborhood of Manila.
    (AP, 12/29/10)

2010        Dec 31, In the Philippines Councilman Reynaldo Dagsa was shot dead in Manila. A photograph identified one gunmen, who was captured Jan 3 along with an accomplice. One suspect was a car thief who was out on bail and likely sought revenge against Dagsa for ordering his arrest last year. The main shooter, Arnel Buenaflor, was captured on Jan 6 in a boarding house in Aurora township.
    (AP, 1/4/11)(AP, 1/7/11)

2011        Jan 2, In the Philippines a bus has collided with a passenger jeep in a province south of Manila, killing 7 members of a family who were returning home from a Christmas vacation. Landslides and floods, after days of heavy rain, killed at least 17 people including 8 children.
    (AP, 1/2/11)(AP, 1/3/11)(AP, 1/4/11)

2011        Jan 9, In the Philippines more than a million Roman Catholics joined a raucous religious procession in Manila to honor a centuries-old black statue of Jesus Christ that they believe possesses mystical powers. Nearly 600 were treated for injuries.
    (AP, 1/9/11)

2011        Jan 18, Negotiators from the Philippines government and communist rebels agreed to resume peace talks after informal meetings in Norway.
    (AP, 1/18/11)
2011        Jan 18, Philippine disaster authorities said stormy weather since late December has killed 56 people and left at least 19 missing, mostly fishermen lost in rough seas.
    (AP, 1/18/11)

2011        Jan 23, In the northern Philippines suspected communist rebels shot and killed Rizal town police chief Antonio Rueco, and four other officers, including his wife, after detonating roadside bombs under their patrol car.
    (AP, 1/23/11)

2011        Jan 24, In the Philippines a gunman fatally shot Jerry Ortega, a radio broadcaster who had been critical of corrupt officials in the southern Philippines. Police captured the fleeing assailant with the help of passing firemen and bystanders.
    (AP, 1/24/11)

2011        Jan 25, In the Philippines a bomb on a packed bus killed 5 people. Investigators recovered fragments of an 81 mm mortar round and a Nokia cell phone used in the bombing that also wounded 13 other people in Makati city, the financial district of Manila. On June 2 Ryan Sison, a suspect in the bombing, was arrested in a raid in Lucena city in Quezon province.
    (AFP, 1/25/11)(AP, 1/26/11)(AP, 6/3/11)

2011        Jan 27, In the Philippines a temporary elevator at a building construction site in Manila plunged 25 floors, killing 10 workers.
    (AP, 1/27/11)

2011        Jan 29, In the Philippines a huge fire fanned by strong winds from Manila Bay swept through a congested village in Manila, killing 12 people and displacing nearly 2,000.
    (AP, 1/30/11)

2011        Feb 2, A Philippine official said police commandos have arrested Arabi Sali, an al-Qaida-linked militant allegedly involved in the killing of American tourists and two US soldiers in the southern Philippines in September, 2009. Allegations that former military chiefs benefited from massive corruption led to calls for the government to get serious about reforming the armed forces.
    (AP, 2/2/11)(SFC, 2/3/11, p.A2)

2011        Feb 3, In the Philippines President Benigno Aquino III ordered a logging moratorium in the country, blaming devastating floods on unmitigated logging and deforestation. A weeklong downpour culminated in raging flash floods that surged through the streets of Jolo's coastal provincial capital, sweeping away stilt houses and damaging hundreds of homes killing at least 5 people. Disaster officials said at least 9 other people have died in floods elsewhere in the Philippines this week, adding to more than 70 lives lost in heavy rainfall between late December and the end of January.
    (AP, 2/4/11)
2011        Feb 3, In the Philippines the military and rebels said hundreds of rival Muslim rebels have clashed over land in the southern Philippines, leaving at least 13 dead and thousands of villagers displaced in the monthlong fighting.
    (AP, 2/3/11)

2011        Feb 5, In the Philippines guerrillas leaders said Ameril Umbra Kato, a rogue Muslim rebel commander, has formed a separate faction of several hundred fighters and rejected peace talks to end the decades-long secessionist rebellion.
    (AP, 2/5/11)

2011        Feb 7, In the Philippines Pres. Benigno Aquino III signed a proclamation granting amnesty to rebel soldiers who participated in military uprisings in 2003 and 2006.
    (SSFC, 2/13/11, p.A4)(http://tinyurl.com/2azzq9m)

2011        Feb 8, In the Philippines retired Gen. Angelo Reyes (65) apparently committed suicide at his mother's grave. Reyes, who headed the military from 2001 to 2003, was at the center of a congressional probe into one of the biggest corruption scandals to have hit the Philippine armed forces.
    (AP, 2/8/11)

2011        Feb 12, In the southern Philippines army troops captured a jungle encampment of al-Qaida-linked Abu Sayyaf gunmen and killed five militants in a gunbattle that also left two soldiers dead near the village of Baiwas. Among the dead was Juhaiber Alamsirul, a close aide of Abu Sayyaf commander Nurhassan Jamiri, who has been blamed for beheadings and kidnappings.
    (AP, 2/13/11)

2011        Feb 18, In the Philippines rebels freed army officer Mario Veluz, who they snatched at gunpoint on Feb. 6 along a road near Bukidnon province.
    (AP, 2/20/11)

2011        Feb 19, In the Philippines police officer Jorge Sabatin walked free after being wounded and snatched by New People's Army guerrillas in a Feb. 1 attack on a police outpost in Agusan del Sur province's Trento town.
    (AP, 2/20/11)
2011        Feb 19, In Nevada Filipino fighter Nonito Donaire stopped Mexico's Fernando Montiel in the second round to take the World Boxing Council and World Boxing Organization bantamweight titles.
    (AFP, 2/20/11)

2011        Feb 20, In the Philippines rebels said police officer Jerwel Montecillo Tugade has been ordered released after being abducted Feb. 7 in Davao Oriental province. A fourth captive, army soldier Bryan Canedo, was still being held and questioned after he was seized Feb. 7 in Compostela Valley Province.
    (AP, 2/20/11)

2011        Feb 21, In the Philippines four kidnappers were killed and a policeman wounded during a foiled attempt to abduct a Chinese-Filipino businessman in southern North Cotabato province's Midsayap township.
    (AP, 2/21/11)

2011        Feb 24, In the Philippines lawyers said about 7,500 victims of human rights abuses during late dictator Ferdinand Marcos' regime will receive compensation for their suffering starting next week, 25 years after a peaceful revolt forced Marcos into exile in Hawaii.
    (AP, 2/24/11)

2011        Feb 26, In the Philippines communist rebels killed three soldiers and wounded four others in an ambush in the foothills of a mountain near Asipulo township in Ifugao province. Government and rebel negotiators last week resumed talks in Norway after more than six years and agreed to negotiate a settlement of the 42-year conflict.
    (AP, 2/27/11)

2011        Mar 2, The Philippine military deployed two warplanes near a disputed area in the South China Sea after a ship searching for oil complained it was harassed by two Chinese patrol boats. The Chinese vessels later left without confrontation at the Reed Bank, which is near the disputed Spratly Islands that are claimed by the Philippines, China and other nations.
    (AP, 3/3/11)

2011        Mar 10, In the southern Philippine suspected Abu Sayyaf militants detonated a powerful bomb near a school on Jolo island, killing at least three people and wounding nine others.
    (AP, 3/10/11)

2011        Mar 11, In the southern Philippines a gold miner was killed and five others dug up alive by fellow miners after their hut got buried by a landslide in Pantukan town.
    (AP, 3/13/11)

2011        Mar 13, In the Philippines police commandos raided a house in Lamitan town on southern Basilan island in search of the former mayor linked to the 2007 bombing that killed a lawmaker but they instead captured Nawaf Jainuddin. He was allegedly one of several Abu Sayyaf gunmen who seized several hostages and staged deadly attacks in 2001 in Lamitan.
    (AP, 3/14/11)

2011        Mar 19, In the southern Philippines suspected communist rebels stormed the main police station in Panabo city, killing an officer and wounding four others in a daring attack on a government center that was repulsed by outnumbered police officers.
    (AP, 3/20/11)

2011        Mar 22, Philippine lawmakers overwhelmingly impeached Ombudsman Merceditas Gutierrez, the country's chief corruption investigator, long accused of protecting former President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo from prosecution.
    (AP, 3/22/11)

2011        Mar 25, The Philippine Catholic church led tens of thousands of Filipinos in one of the biggest rallies against a proposed family planning law, saying it will promote artificial contraception and lead to more abortions.
    (AP, 3/25/11)

2011        Mar 26, Philippine Sen. Panfilo Lacson, who fled double murder charges more than a year ago, returned to the country after a court voided the arrest warrant against him. He had been charged with the killings of high-profile publicist Salvador "Bubby" Dacer and his driver in 2000, but has denied involvement.
    (AP, 3/26/11)

2011        Mar 29, Intelligence officials in Indonesia and Philippines said Umar Patek (40), a suspected member of the al-Qaida-linked militant group Jemaah Islamiyah, has been arrested in Pakistan. The senior Indonesian al-Qaida operative was wanted in the 2002 Bali bombings. Patek's exact whereabouts were not immediately known.
    (AP, 3/30/11)

2011        Apr 1, In the southern Philippines gunmen linked to a criminal gang kidnapped 16 people, most of them teachers, from an elementary school graduation ceremony in Prosperidad town. At least four small-scale miners were buried alive in a landslide in the mountainous Tampakan area.
    (AP, 4/2/11)(AFP, 4/2/11)

2011        Apr 4, In the southern Philippines armed tribesmen freed a boy after getting food and water but kept at least 12 other hostages in jungle captivity to demand the release of jailed relatives and friends.
    (AP, 4/4/11)

2011        Apr 5, The Philippines' largest Muslim rebel group acknowledged that its ranks include child soldiers and said its leaders would meet with United Nations representatives for talks on how to wean the youths from war.
    (AP, 4/5/11)

2011        Apr 6, In the Philippines armed tribesmen under pressure from government troops abandoned 13 hostages they held six days to demand the release of jailed relatives, then escaped in the southern jungle.
    (AP, 4/6/11)

2011        Apr 8, A Philippine court ordered the widow of dictator Ferdinand Marcos to return 12 million pesos ($280,000) her husband pocketed from the government's food agency in 1983.
    (AP, 4/11/11)

2011        Apr 16, In the Philippines army Scout Rangers encountered about 15 Abu Sayyaf gunmen in a remote village of Al Barka township on Basilan island. The clash killed 2 al-Qaida-linked gunmen and left three soldiers wounded.
    (AP, 4/16/11)

2011        Apr 22, In the Philippines at least 21 people were missing and three confirmed dead after a night-time landslide ravaged a gold mining village in a mountainous area of Mindanao.
    (AP, 4/22/11)

2011        Apr 26, The Philippines-based Asian Development Bank said world food prices that surged 30 percent in the first two months of the year threaten to push millions of Asians into extreme poverty and cut economic growth.
    (AP, 4/26/11)

2011        Apr 29, Philippines’s Pres. Benigno Aquino forced the resignation of ombudsman Merceditas Gutierrez, the state’s chief prosecutor of official corruption. She was accused of failing to prosecute cases of alleged corruption within the administration of former president Gloria Arroyo, who had appointed her.
    (Econ, 5/7/11, p.46)

2011        May 5, In the Philippines Arabani Jakiran (39) was arrested amid an intensified manhunt for al-Qaida-linked militants to pre-empt any possible revenge attacks for Osama Bin Laden's killing this week in Pakistan.
    (AP, 5/6/11)

2011        May 8, In the Philippines a police intelligence unit arrested Asdatul Sahirun, a suspected member of the Abu Sayyaf extremist movement, at a shopping mall in the Manila’s Malate tourist district.
    (AP, 5/8/11)
2011        May 8, In the Philippines tropical storm Aere slammed into the eastern coast, bringing heavy rains and landslides. At least 22 people were left dead and thousands forced to leave their homes.
    (AFP, 5/8/11)(AP, 5/10/11)

2011        May 9, A Philippine anti-graft court approved a much-criticized plea bargain deal between prosecutors and former Maj. Gen. Carlos Garcia, who was accused of plunder. Garcia had pleaded guilty to the lesser charges of direct bribery and facilitating money laundering. He was released on bail in December pending sentencing on the lesser charges.
    (AP, 5/9/11)
2011        May 9, Malaysian police said they have arrested Abdul Majid Kunji Mohamad, a Singaporean businessman, suspected of channeling funds to southern Philippine militants.
    (AP, 5/9/11)

2011        May 12, In the southern Philippines communist rebels killed a security guard for an American-owned gold mining company and took the weapons of three others.
    (AP, 5/12/11)

2011        May 25, In the Philippines Typhoon Songda roared toward the country's northeast.
    (AP, 5/25/11)

2011        May 29, In the Philippines workers cleaned up more than 750 tons of fish that have died and rotted on fish farms in Taal Lake near Taal volcano south of Manila. Scientists said the onset of the rainy season led to a sharp drop in water temperatures depleting oxygen levels.
    (AP, 5/29/11)(AFP, 5/29/11)

2011        May 30, In the southern Philippines suspected Abu Sayyaf militants launched bomb attacks that wounded five army soldiers who were hunting them amid a crackdown on kidnappings.
    (AP, 5/31/11)
2011        May 30, Authorities in the Philippines detained 122 Vietnamese fishermen after seven boats were intercepted in Philippine waters.
    (AP, 5/30/11)

2011        Jun 7, A Philippine court froze $23 million in bank accounts and assets of the Ampatuan family linked to the 2009 politically motivated massacre of at least 57 people.
    (SFC, 6/8/11, p.A2)

2011        Jun 16, In the Philippines a Protestant church group sued former Philippine President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo, claiming security forces under her control killed and tortured at least six of its members.
    (AP, 6/16/11)

2011        Jun 22, In the Philippines Gregorio "Comrade Roger" Rosal (64), a popular Mao cap-wearing Filipino guerrilla, died of a heart attack. He had given a voice and face to one of Asia's longest-running Marxist insurgencies as its spokesman.
    (AP, 10/9/11)

2011        Jun 24, In the Philippines more than 53,000 people were in evacuation centers after fleeing their homes following days of torrential rains caused by Tropical Storm Meari.
    (AFP, 6/24/11)

2011        Jun 29, In the southern Philippines flashfloods left at least 25 people dead, mostly children. Another 15 people were missing.
    (SSFC, 7/3/11, p.A4)

2011        Jun, Scientists from the Philippines and the California Academy of Sciences completed a 6-week study of the island of Luzon and discovered over 3000 new species of land animals, plants and deep sea creatures.
    (SFC, 6/25/11, p.A8)
2011        Jun, In the Philippines Biju Kolara Veetil (36) was abducted by suspected Muslim extremists in Jolo while visiting his Filipina wife's family on the strife-torn island. The Indian man escaped his captors on Aug 10, 2012, when his captors fell asleep after fasting for Ramadan.
    (AFP, 8/10/12)

2011        Jul 1, In the Philippines government "environment enforcers" wearing mint-green Polo T-shirts fanned out across Manila to start handing out penalties for smoking in public places of 500 pesos ($11.50), following a month-long trial period.
    (AFP, 7/1/11)

2011        Jul 5, In the Philippines Darcy Hans Rentenberg (53), a retired Canadian missionary, was reported missing 10 days after he left his flat in nearby Mandaue city. On July 16 police said they had found his body and arrested a family-of-three who owned the farm where the corpse was buried.
    (AFP, 7/16/11)

2011        Jul 12, In the Philippines Abu Sayyaf militants snatched Gerfa Yeatts Lunsmann (41), her son Kevin (14) and her nephew, Romnick Jakaria, while they were vacationing with relatives on an island near southern Zamboanga city. The Filipino-American woman was freed On Oct 2 after 2½ months of captivity. Jakaria (19) escaped on Nov 13. Her son was freed on Dec 10.
    (AP, 10/3/11)(AP, 11/13/11)(AP, 12/10/11)

2011        Jul 27, In the Philippines winners were announced for Asia's Magsaysay award this year for giving green technologies to the poor. They included US-trained Indian engineer Harish Hande (44) for bringing solar lights to a country where half of all households have no electricity; Indonesian social worker Tri Mumpuni (46) was recognized after her IBEKA foundation built 60 small power plants harnessing the energy of water stored in dams to bring electricity to half a million people; and Dutch marine engineer Auke Idzenga's Alternative Indigenous Development Foundation won for using an ancient, near-forgotten technology, the ram pump, to help impoverished communities on Negros island. Other winners included a man who set up an Islamic school for girls in Indonesia, a lender to India's poorest, and a man working to restore democracy in Cambodia after the Khmer Rouge murdered his father.
    (AFP, 7/27/11)
2011        Jul 27, In the Philippines heavy rains and floods battered the northeast for a third day, swamping homes of about a half million people. Tropical Storm Nock-ten was expected to blow out of the country to the South China Sea by July 28 after cutting through the heart of Luzon Island. The death toll reached 52 with 27 still missing.
    (AP, 7/27/11)(AFP, 7/31/11)

2011        Jul 28, In the Philippines Abu Sayyaf militants killed 7 marines, severing the heads of two of them, and wounded 27 others who were about to raid their jungle camp in southern Sulu province. The militants withdrew into the woods after 5 hours of fighting and government forces captured their hide-out.
    (AP, 7/28/11)(AFP, 7/29/11)

2011        Jul 30, Tropical Storm Nock-ten hit north-central Vietnam killing one person. The storm had already left at least 50 people dead in the Philippines.
    (SSFC, 7/31/11, p.A4)

2011        Jul 31, Tropical storm Mufia, named after a Chinese flower, approached the Philippines. It had already left 2 people dead and caused the 2,400-ton MV Trans Asia Malaysia cargo ship to sink. All 155 aboard were rescued.
    (AFP, 7/31/11)

2011        Aug 1, In the Philippines 8 police officers were arrested after Commission on Human Rights chief Loretta Ann Rosales alerted the interior ministry to two videos she said showed a group of naked and blindfolded police recruits being force-fed and rubbed with red-hot chilies. 6 more officers were soon arrested in a widening investigation.
    (AFP, 8/4/11)

2011        Aug 2, In the Philippines waist-deep floods have swamped the streets in Manila after a night of monsoon rains closed down schools and government offices. In the southern Philippines an improvised bomb exploded in front of a gun store in Cotabato city, killing at least one person and wounding 9 others, including a 7-year-old girl. Typhoon Muifa killed four people in the Philippines even though it did not make landfall.
    (AP, 8/2/11)(AP, 8/6/11)

2011        Aug 3, In Kuwait a 24-year-old Filipina domestic worker, reportedly blinded by her employer, sought refuge at the Philippines Embassy after escaping from her employer last month.
    (SSFC, 8/7/11, p.A4)

2011        Aug 10, In the Philippines 6 suspected car thieves and a police officer were killed in two gun battles in Manila.
    (AFP, 8/10/11)

2011        Aug 12, In the southern Philippines two men were killed when a bomb they were allegedly carrying exploded prematurely along a highway.
    (AP, 8/12/11)

2011        Aug 15, In the southern Philippines a car bomb killed 2 people and wounded seven in an attack targeting Maguindanao Gov. Esmael Mangudadatu, who took office after many of his relatives were slain in the country's worst political massacre in 2009. Mangudadatu was unhurt. Authorities arrested a suspect after a witness saw him leaving the bomb-laden car and fleeing the scene of the attack in Tacurong City.
    (AP, 8/15/11)(AP, 8/18/11)

2011        Aug 17, In the Philippines the Moro Islamic Liberation Front vice chairman Ghazali Jaafar said its central committee plans to issue a resolution declaring that Ameril Umbra Kato is no longer a member unless he returns to its fold, an unlikely prospect since he has rejected earlier calls to rejoin. Kato has opposed the main rebel group's peace talks with the government and called for jihad, or holy war, for a separate Muslim state.
    (AP, 8/17/11)

2011        Aug 21, In the central Philippines the steel-hulled inter-island ferry, M/V Island Fastcraft 1, with at least 75 people caught fire then sank amid stormy weather, leaving 3 people dead, one missing while the rest were rescued.
    (AP, 8/21/11)

2011        Aug 23, The Philippines' largest Muslim rebel group, Moro Islamic Liberation Front, rejected a government proposal for autonomy in the country's south as inadequate but said they will continue talks.
    (AP, 8/23/11)

2011        Aug 27, In the Philippines a slow-moving typhoon made landfall, drenching most of the north and triggering landslides that killed five children and a man digging for gold. Super-typhoon Nanmadol killed at least 16 people and left flattened bridges and blocked roads in its wake as it moved away from the Philippines and churned towards Taiwan.
    (AP, 8/27/11)(AP, 8/28/11)(AFP, 8/29/11)

2011        Aug 30, Philippine President Benigno Aquino flew to China, on a mission to secure billions of dollars in business deals as the two sides look to move beyond a territorial row.
    (AFP, 8/30/11)

2011        Sep 3, In the Philippines villagers and veteran hunters in Bunawan township in Agusan del Sur province captured a one-ton saltwater crocodile which they plan to make the star of a planned ecotourism park.
    (AP, 9/5/11)

2011        Sep 11, Philippine army troops killed three gunmen allied with the al-Qaida-affiliated Abu Sayyaf group in a clash that also wounded a soldier on southern Basilan island.
    (AP, 9/11/11)

2011        Sep 19, In the southern Philippines dozens of army troops killed three Abu Sayyaf militants and rescued a kidnap victim in a clash near Sumisip town on Basilan island.
    (AP, 9/19/11)

2011        Sep 20, In the Philippines a 13-year-old boy shot his 16-year-old friend inside a busy mall then turned the weapon on himself. He died the next day and left the other boy brain dead, raising questions about gun control in a country awash in firearms. Police said the shooting was a crime of passion and that the boys were in a romantic relationship after meeting through Facebook in May.
    (AP, 9/21/11)

2011        Sep 25, In the Philippines suspected Muslim militants attacked government troops guarding a school construction site in a rebel stronghold, igniting a clash that killed 13 gunmen, two marines and at least one villager in Sulu province.
    (AP, 9/25/11)
2011        Sep 26, Philippine authorities evacuated more than 100,000 people, closed schools and grounded flights as Typhoon Nesat, one of the biggest typhoons of the year, bore down on the Southeast Asian country.
    (AFP, 9/26/11)

2011        Sep 27, Typhoon Nesat smashed into the Philippines, leaving at least 35 people dead, with the capital Manila enduring waist-deep floods, blackouts and dramatic storm surges.
    (AFP, 9/27/11)(AP, 9/29/11)

2011        Oct 1, Typhoon Nalgae lashed the Philippines, killing at least 3 people person and bringing fresh misery for more than a million people trapped by earlier storm floods.
    (AFP, 10/1/11)(AP, 10/2/11)

2011        Oct 3, In the Philippines more than 200 heavily armed communist rebels of the New People's Army stormed three mining companies in a weakly secured southern region, burning heavy equipment, disarming guards and briefly holding several people in Surigao del Norte province.
    (AP, 10/3/11)

2011        Oct 4, Philippine police on southern Jolo island arrested Abu Sayyaf gunman Adzhar Mawalil (32), who allegedly helped behead seven Filipino workers while singing a militant song in a grisly 2007 crime.
    (AP, 10/5/11)

2011        Oct 6, Philippine police rescued a government midwife kidnapped by al-Qaida-linked militants after a brief firefight  near Parang township on Jolo island. Evangeline Taverisma (55) was kidnapped on Aug 3. An army soldier was killed and three others wounded in the gunbattle near Esperanza town in southern Agusan del Sur province. Troops captured a New People's Army encampment and 12 assault rifles and hit several of the undetermined number of rebels.
    (AP, 10/6/11)

2011        Oct 9, In the southern Philippines suspected homemade bombs exploded in a budget hotel and at a cockfighting arena, wounding at least 11 people in Zamboanga city.
    (AP, 10/9/11)

2011        Oct 10, Philippine army troops battled communist guerrillas in a running gunbattle that killed eight rebels and a soldier in the mountainous north, in the latest flare-up in the 42-year insurgency despite on-and-off peace talks.
    (AP, 10/10/11)

2011        Oct 12, Philippine President Benigno Aquino announced a $1.66 billion program to help his country cope with the deepening global economic turmoil.
    (AFP, 10/12/11)

2011        Oct 16, In the Philippines Emmanuel Ponce (55), shot his wife, three of his children and their maid with a pistol while having breakfast in Talisay town, Cebu province, and then killed himself. He spared his favorite daughter (14).
    (AP, 10/16/11)

2011        Oct 17, In the Philippines Rev. Fausto Tentorio (59), an Italian Catholic priest who was about to travel to a clergy meeting, was shot dead in his southern parish. He was the third Pontifical Institute for Foreign Missions missionary to be killed on southern Mindanao Island.
    (AP, 10/17/11)

2011        Oct 18, In the Philippines 19 soldiers were killed 13 wounded and 3 left missing in a clash on Basilan island with the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), the country's largest Muslim guerrilla group.
    (AFP, 10/18/11)(AFP, 10/19/11)

2011        Oct 19, The Philippine navy apologized to China for accidentally ramming one of its fishing boats a day earlier near the disputed Spratly Islands in the South China Sea.
    (AP, 10/19/11)

2011        Oct 21, In the southern Philippines 3 South Korean businessmen went missing. Officials later said they were abducted by unidentified men who lured them with a fake mining investment project. Police launched a search for Wu Seok-bung, Kim Nam-du, Choi In-soo and at least one Filipino guide after they failed to return to their hotel in Cagayan de Oro city. Choi In-soo escaped on Nov 25. Wu Seok-bung and Kim Nam-du were abandoned on Nov 26 as troops moved in. The guide was killed during captivity.
    (AP, 11/7/11)(AP, 11/27/11)

2011        Oct 26, In the Philippines a building-sized edifice carved with the Bible's Ten Commandments was unveiled on a hill overlooking the northern resort city of Baguio, making it the largest tablet of its kind, according to Guinness World Records.
    (AFP, 10/26/11)

2011        Oct 28, The Philippine government said it will seize three Manila properties belonging to flamboyant former first lady Imelda Marcos as payment for money she embezzled nearly three decades ago.
    (AFP, 10/28/11)

2011        Oct 30, Philippine bomber planes and troops assaulted a mountain stronghold of the al-Qaida-linked Abu Sayyaf group in the south in a new offensive targeting a key Malaysian terrorism suspect and allied Filipino gunmen. The military air and ground assault killed 3 Abu Sayyaf commanders and 2 other militants around the Abu Sayyaf jungle lair near Karawan village in Sulu province's Indanan town after OV-10 planes bombed the area. Primary targets Malaysian Zulkifli bin Hir, also known as Marwan, and Abu Sayyaf commander Umbra Jumdail escaped along with 2 other Asian militants and dozens of Abu Sayyaf fighters.
    (AP, 10/30/11)(AP, 10/31/11)

2011        Nov 2, The Philippines, one of the world's largest labor exporters, announced a ban on the deployment of workers to 41 countries, including war-torn Afghanistan and booming India, where Filipino officials say there are inadequate protections against labor abuse. Nearly 10 percent of the Philippine population of 94 million work abroad.
    (AP, 11/2/11)

2011        Nov 3, The Philippine government and Muslim rebels agreed to continue peace talks despite the Oct 18 clashes that killed 19 soldiers in a southern province.
    (AP, 11/3/11)

2011        Nov 8, The Philippine justice secretary barred former President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo from seeking medical treatment abroad while she faces complaints of electoral cheating.
    (AP, 11/8/11)

2011        Nov 18, In the Philippines police arrested former Pres. Gloria Macapagal Arroyo on charges of electoral fraud. Police allowed her to remain in hospital for health reasons.
    (SFC, 11/19/11, p.A2)

2011        Nov 20, South Korean President Lee Myung-Bak arrived in Manila for a three-day state visit at the invitation of Philippine President Benigno Aquino.
    (AP, 11/20/11)

2011        Nov 27, In the southern Philippines suspected Islamic militants detonated a powerful bomb that killed at least three people and wounded 27 others in a budget hotel packed with wedding guests in Zamboanga city.
    (AP, 11/27/11)

2011        Nov 29, Philippine authorities in Zamboanga captured Hussein Ahaddin, an al-Qaida-linked bomber suspected in at least six attacks, including a 2002 karaoke bar explosion that killed an American Green Beret and a hotel blast this week that killed three people.
    (AP, 11/30/11)

2011        Dec 2, In the Philippines 6 fishermen, from China's southern island province of Hainan, were arrested in waters off western Palawan province's Balabac township, for catching endangered sea turtles. Officials said the fishermen's mother ship may have escaped when their speedboat was intercepted.
    (AP, 12/4/11)

2011        Dec 3, In the Philippines more than 1,000 gays, lesbians and transgenders marched in Manila to demand equal rights, an end to discrimination, and more support for AIDS programs.
    (AP, 12/3/11)

2011        Dec 5, In the Philippines several armed men abducted Warren Rodwell (53) of Australia from his home in the seaside town of Ipil on Mindanao island, then fled on speed boats. The kidnappers mailed four pictures of Rodwell before Christmas to his Filipino wife then called her to demand an initial ransom of $23,000 (1 million pesos). The ransom was soon raised to $2 million. Rodwell was released on March 23, 2013.
    (AFP, 12/5/11)(AP, 1/1/12)(AP, 1/5/12)(SSFC, 2/24/13, p.A3)

2011        Dec 8, China executed a Filipino drug trafficker (35) despite a clemency appeal by Philippine Pres. Benigno Aquino III.
    (SFC, 12/9/11, p.A2)

2011        Dec 10, In the Philippines a four-seater cargo plane crashed onto a crowded Manila slum, sparking a fire that killed 13 people and left five missing and at least another 20 injured.
    (AFP, 12/10/11)

2011        Dec 12, In the Philippines the House of Representatives impeached chief justice Renato Corona over charges his 15-member court had made a series of rulings that hindered government moves to prosecute ex-leader Gloria Arroyo. The proceedings will move to the Senate, where a trial will determine if Corona must step down.
    (AFP, 12/12/11)

2011        Dec 13, In the Philippines police arrested Benjamin Abalos, the former elections chairman, on charges he aided the vote fraud allegedly ordered by former President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo.
    (AP, 12/13/11)

2011        Dec 17, Tropical storm Washi whipped the southern Philippines, unleashing mammoth floods across vast areas that left 440 people dead and nearly 200 missing.
    (AP, 12/17/11)

2011        Dec 18, In the southern Philippines rescuers struggled to help survivors and a ravaged city prepared for a mass burial as the death toll from devastating flash floods rose past 650. Some 900 people were missing.
    (AFP, 12/18/11)

2011        Dec 19, In the southern Philippines the death toll from devastating flash floods rose to 927 and was expected to climb higher as relief workers recovered more bodies from Mindanao.
    (AFP, 12/19/11)

2011        Dec 20, Philippines’ President Benigno Aquino flew to Mindanao to survey the devastation by air, coordinate the relief effort. Some 1249 were killed after tropical storm Washi lashed the southern island of Mindanao.
    (AFP, 12/20/11)(AP, 12/27/11)

2011        Dec 30, Philippine police arrested a member of an Al-Qaeda-linked extremist group. The suspect allegedly took part in the kidnapping of guests and workers of a resort in the western Philippines in 2001 including an American couple, Martin and Gracia Burnham, and a Chilean-born American, Guillermo Sobero.
    (AFP, 12/30/11)

2011        In the Philippines communist guerrillas killed about 100 government troops and police and waged 447 attacks this year continuing decline in their 43-year insurgency. The number of armed rebel fighters dropped 7.8 percent last year to 4,043.
    (AP, 1/22/12)

2012        Jan 1, In the Philippines an estimated 739 people suffered injuries during New Year celebrations including 712 sounded by fireworks and 22 by gunfire. A boy (10) died from massive injuries due to explosives packed in a can.
    (SFC, 1/2/12, p.A3)

2012        Jan 3, In the Philippines some 50 New People's Army guerrillas assaulted a government militia outpost guarding a village in Agusan del Norte province, killing a militiaman and two rebels. A weeklong rebel cease-fire ended on Jan 2.
    (AP, 1/3/12)

2012        Jan 5, In the southern Philippines a landslide tore through a tiny gold-mining village, killing at least 31 people in Napnapan village, Mindanao island. Up to 39 people were still missing.
    (AP, 1/5/12)(AFP, 1/6/12)(AFP, 1/8/12)

2012        Jan 16, In the Philippines a historic impeachment trial of the nation’s top judge began in one of Pres. Benigno Aquino's boldest yet most divisive moves to tackle pervasive corruption. Renato Corona was accused of violating the constitution in his efforts to protect graft-tainted former president Gloria Arroyo from prosecution, while also for allegedly amassing a personal fortune above the limits of his salary.
    (AFP, 1/16/12)

2012        Jan 22, A Philippines’ military statement said communist insurgents have stepped up "extortion-based violence" and attacks on "soft targets" to raise funds amid waning public support. It also said the strength of the New People’s Army (NPA) has fallen to just over 4,000 last year from about 4,300 in 2010.
    (AFP, 1/23/12)

2012        Jan 24, Philippine customs authorities seized unclaimed items, which appeared to have been meant for cooking something illegal. They had waited a month to see who would claim the suspicious shipment of "kitchen equipment" from Taiwan. A Chinese drug syndicate is suspected to have arranged the shipment to use the drumloads of chemicals, heating equipment and other items to produce large quantities of methamphetamine.
    (AP, 1/24/12)

2012        Jan 25, In the Philippines an artillery round accidentally exploded while a welder and police commandos tinkered with it with an acetylene torch, killing four people, including two policemen, in Manila.
    (AP, 1/25/12)
2012        Jan 25, The UN said that the worldwide fishing industry could benefit from a $50 billion boost annually if stocks were allowed time to recover. A UN Environment Program report released in the Philippine said 32 percent of the world's fish stocks have already been depleted by years of overfishing and poor coastal management.
    (AFP, 1/25/12)

2012        Jan 30, In the Philippines an accidental grenade blast killed a communist rebel and wounded 11 civilians, including 7 children, in southern Bukidnon province's Kibawe township.
    (AP, 1/30/12)

2012        Feb 1, In the southern Philippines gunmen abducted Swiss and Dutch tourists and a Filipino bird photographer and took the trio away by boat on Tawi-Tawi island province.
    (AP, 2/1/12)

2012        Feb 2, The Philippine military said it killed three of Southeast Asia's top Islamic militants in a US-backed airstrike, including Malaysian bombmaker Zulkifli bin Abdul Hir, alias Marwan, though his body was not yet found. The air strike used US made smart bombs. Marwan was accused of being a senior member of regional terror network Jemaah Islamiyah and behind multiple bomb attacks in the Philippines. In 2007 the US government offered a $5-million reward for his capture. At least 15 people were killed including Filipino Abu Pula, also known as Doctor Abu and Umbra Jumdail, one of the core leaders of the Abu Sayyaf militant organization and Singaporean Mohammad Ali, alias Muawiyah, another top name in Jemaah Islamiyah. On Feb 5 two security officials said that new intelligence showed that Jumdail was killed but that the two foreign terror suspects were alive and were not in the Abu Sayyaf lair that was bombed.
    (AFP, 2/2/12)(SFC, 2/3/12, p.A4)(SFC, 2/4/12, p.A3)(AP, 2/5/12)(AP, 3/21/12)

2012        Feb 6, In the Philippines a 6.9 magnitude earthquake shook Negros island and set off landslides. 58 people were killed and 60 left missing.
    (AP, 2/6/12)(AP, 2/7/12)(AP, 2/8/12)(AP, 3/6/12)

2012        Feb 11, Philippine government agents in Manila arrested Dr. Eric Chan, alias Eric Uy Garchitorena, accused of defrauding a California health care program of more than $3 million.
    (AP, 2/14/12)

2012        Feb 19, In the Philippines gunmen fired two grenades at the Kidapawan city jail and then engaged policemen and guards in a brief firefight before withdrawing. At least one civilian was killed in the crossfire.
    (AP, 2/19/12)

2012        Feb 29, The Philippines said it would push ahead with plans to expand oil and gas exploration in waters also claimed by China, as it brushed off a fresh Chinese warning.
    (AFP, 2/29/12)

2012        Mar 1, The Philippines Bureau of Internal Revenue filed a complaint after boxer Manny Pacquiao failed to submit tax documents despite three notices and a subpoena.
    (AP, 3/8/12)
2012        Mar 1, In the Philippines Moro Islamic Liberation Front rebel leader Mohagher Iqbal said that the three commanders on southern Basilan island were suspended for three months after an investigation by Malaysian-led peace monitors found they violated a cease-fire accord with the government. The commanders involved in an October clash that killed 19 soldiers and endangered a years-long cease-fire.
    (AP, 3/1/12)

2012        Mar 3, In the Philippines a bomb exploded in a commercial district of the southern island of Jolo leaving 2 dead and 13 wounded. The Abu Sayyaf group was blamed.
    (AFP, 3/3/12)

2012        Mar 6, In the Philippines a 5.2 earthquake struck leaving 10 people injured. It was centered at sea just two miles (3 km) north of Masbate City on the island province of Masbate.
    (AP, 3/6/12)

2012        Mar 11, In the Philippines Daily Tribune reporter Fernan Angeles (41) was beaten and shot six times with a pistol by unidentified men near his home in Pasig city, a suburb of Manila. He appeared to have been suspected of leaking information about a drug syndicate's operation to authorities.
    (AP, 3/12/12)

2012        Mar 16, In the Philippines a 5.9 magnitude earthquake struck off the southern island of Dinagat and left at least 45 people injured, most of them shoppers who panicked and rushed in a stampede for the exits.
    (AFP, 3/16/12)

2012        Mar 30, Philippine police rescued some 300 badly injured pitbulls and arrested seven South Koreans after busting a massive online dog fighting syndicate at a two-hectare farm in the city of San Pablo. 20 of the dogs needed to be euthanized. 9 more were euthanized Apr 3 and dozens more are likely to be because there are no facilities to rehabilitate them and prevent them from reappearing in underground arenas.
    (AFP, 4/1/12)(AP, 4/3/12)

2012        Apr 6, In the Philippines thousands of people gathered in villages to watch devotees being nailed to crosses as they marked Good Friday by re-enacting Jesus Christ's suffering, a yearly rite that continues even as church leaders discourage the practice.
    (AP, 4/6/12)

2012        Apr 10, A Philippines warship found Chinese fishing boats inside the Scarborough shoal with an illegal haul of giant clams, coral and live sharks. Two Chinese civilian patrol boats blocked the mouth of the shoal to stop the Philippines navy from arresting the fisherman.
    (Econ, 4/28/12, p.44)

2012        Apr 12, China deployed a third ship in an area of the disputed South China Sea where a tense standoff with Philippine vessels has dragged on, sparking alarm in Manila. On April 10 a Philippine warship attempted to arrest several Chinese fishermen accused of illegal entry and poaching, but was prevented by the arrival of two Chinese surveillance ships.
    (AP, 4/12/12)

2012        Apr 13, In the Philippines suspected extortionists bombed a bus in Carmen town, North Cotabato province, killing 3 passengers and wounding 16 others.
    (SFC, 4/14/12, p.A2)

2012        Apr 16, In San Francisco the annual Goldman Environmental Prizes were presented 6 individuals. They included Sofia Gatica of Argentina work on diseases related to agrochemicals; Caroline Canon of Alaska for her village efforts against oil drilling in the Arctic Ocean; Ma Jun of China for his efforts on air and water violations by major manufacturers; Ikal Angelei of Kenya for her efforts to protect Lake Turkana; Evgenia Chirikova of Russia for her efforts to protect the Khimki Forest; and Father Edwin Gariguez of the Philippines for advocating against mining developments on indigenous lands.
    (SFC, 4/16/12, p.A10)

2012        Apr 20, Hackers claiming to come from China defaced the website of the Philippines' top university to assert their country's claim over the hotly disputed South China Sea.
    (AFP, 4/20/12)

2012        Apr 21, Philippine army troops killed 6 communist guerrillas near the village of Bayawel.
    (SFC, 4/23/12, p.A2)

2012        Apr 23, Philippine coast guard and fisheries bureau operatives arrested 12 Vietnamese fishermen for poaching endangered marine turtles, black corals and reef fishes in southern Philippines waters. Other foreign fishing boats spotted in the same area managed to flee toward Malaysia.
    (AP, 4/25/12)

2012        Apr 24, The Philippines Supreme Court ruled to break up Hacienda Luisita, the estate owned by the family of Pres. Benigno S. Aquino III, parceling out plots to over 6,000 farmers and their families after decades of conflict over the land. The estate was valued at $4.5 million.
    (SFC, 4/25/12, p.A2)(SSFC, 4/29/12, p.A4)
2012        Apr 24, The Philippines said it had brokered a "significant" agreement with Muslim rebels (MILF) on how to end a decades-long insurgency, but warned that major issues still needed to be resolved.
    (AFP, 4/24/12)
2012        Apr 24, The Philippines said it was hoping to help secure its energy future by developing a natural gas field in Reed Bank, an area of the South China Sea also claimed by China.
    (AFP, 4/24/12)

2012        Apr 25, Philippine communist guerrillas (NPA) killed 11 soldiers and a civilian near the mountain town of Tinoc on the main island of Luzon in one of their most audacious attacks in recent years.
    (AFP, 4/25/12)
2012        Apr 25, Philippine and US Navy troops conducted joint exercises in the South China Sea.
    (Econ, 4/28/12, p.44)

2012        Apr 28, In the Philippines 2 communist rebels and a soldier were killed in separate clashes as NPA insurgents stepped up their attacks.
    (AFP, 4/29/12)

2012        Apr 29, In the Philippines clashes between army troops and communist guerrillas in two provinces left 10 people dead.
    (SFC, 4/30/12, p.A2)

2012        May 3, The Philippine military accused China of sending more ships to the disputed Scarborough Shoal in the South China Sea, describing the move as an insult that would further inflame tensions.
    (AFP, 5/3/12)

2012        May 5, In the Philippines a grenade attack left two people dead and at least 19 others hurt in Iligan city on the north coast of Mindanao island.
    (AFP, 5/6/12)

2012        May 9, In the southern Philippines an inferno at a three-story clothing store killed 17 employees, all women who were sleeping on the top floor in downtown Butuan city.
    (AP, 5/9/12)

2012        May 13, The Philippines foreign ministry said it has lifted an 8-year ban on its nationals working in Iraq, but only for the Middle Eastern country's autonomous Kurdistan region.
    (AFP, 5/13/12)
2012        May 13, In the northern Philippines 11 people died and 10 others were injured when a bus fell into a ravine. A bag had fallen off the vehicle as it labored up a hill and the driver stopped for it. The bus then rolled backwards until it pitched down a 150-m (500-foot) cliff.
    (AFP, 5/14/12)

2012        May 23, In the first case brought under the Philippines 2001 wildlife act, farmer Bryan Balaon (26) was fined 100,000 pesos ($2,300), for shooting and eating one of the world's rarest eagles. The Philippine eagle, or Pithecophaga jefferyi, found only in the country's vanishing forests, is the world's largest eagle and is "critically endangered" with just 90-250 pairs left in the wild.
    (AFP, 5/24/12)

2012        May 29, The Philippines' top judge was sacked after the Senate found him guilty of hiding millions of dollars, in the biggest win of President Benigno Aquino's anti-graft campaign. Supreme Court chief justice Renato Corona was convicted of violating the constitution and betraying public trust by failing to disclose some $4.2 million that he should have declared.
    (AFP, 5/29/12)(Econ, 6/2/12, p.50)

2012        May 31, In the Philippines a prosecutor said a man who testified in court on the country’s worst political massacre has been found dead "probably chain-sawed to pieces" in a killing meant to silence other witnesses. Esmail Amil Enog went missing in March after he spoke in court last year about the alleged role of a powerful political clan in the November 2009 murders of 57 people. He was the 3rd witness to be killed in the case.
    (AFP, 6/1/12)(SFC, 6/1/12, p.A4)

2012        Jun 2, In the Philippines 30 fishermen were missing and hundreds of travelers were stranded after tropical storm Mawar dumped heavy rains across the country, forcing flight and ship cancellations.
    (AFP, 6/2/12)

2012        Jun 4, In the Philippines 2 Chinese men were kidnapped, becoming the latest victims to be abducted in the country's troubled south.
    (AFP, 6/5/12)

2012        Jun 9, In Las Vegas Timothy Bradley ended Manny Pacquiao's 15-fight winning streak with a stunning split decision victory, seizing the Filipino icon's World Boxing Organization welterweight title. Judge Jerry Roth scored the bout 115-113 for Pacquiao, while C.J. Ross and Duane Ford both saw it 115-113 for Bradley, even though it appeared Pacquiao hurt Bradley throughout the fight.
    (AFP, 6/10/12)

2012        Jun 12, In the Philippines a three-man news team for the Dubai-based Al Arabiya network failed to return to their hotel on Jolo island, a stronghold of the Abu Sayyaf.
    (AFP, 6/15/12)(SFC, 6/20/12, p.A5)

2012        Jun 21, Philippine police arrested Abu Sayyaf militant Alawie Pasihul in Zamboanga city. He was suspected in the beheading of American tourist Guillermo Sobero in 2001.
    (SSFC, 6/24/12, p.A4)

2012        Jun 24, The Philippines alleged that a Chinese vessel accidentally rammed a local fishing boat north of a disputed South China Sea shoal, killing one and leaving four others missing. The fishing boat set out from the northern coastal town of Bolinao, in Pangasinan province on June 18 and was reported to have sunk two days later.
    (AFP, 6/24/12)
2012        Jun 24, The Philippines said that at least 14 immigration officers were under investigation for alleged involvement in the human trafficking of poor Filipinos to violence-torn Syria.
    (AFP, 6/24/12)

2012        Jul 7, In the Philippines presidential palace said President Benigno Aquino has signed a long-delayed executive order revamping the mining industry.
    (AFP, 7/7/12)

2012        Jul 11, A Chinese ship, bow number 560, on "routine patrol" became stranded near Half Moon Shoal in the Spratly Islands, 60 nautical miles from the western Philippine island of Palawan. The ship was refloated on July 15.
    (AFP, 7/14/12)(AP, 7/15/12)

2012        Jul 16, In the Philippines ex-president Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo was charged with plunder in the alleged misuse of nearly $9 million.
    (SSFC, 7/22/12, p.A4)

2012        Jul 25, Former Philippine President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo walked out of a government hospital where she had been detained for nearly eight months on election rigging charges after a court found that evidence against her was weak and granted bail.
    (AP, 7/25/12)

2012        Jul 26, In the Philippines a clash with al-Qaeda linked Muslim militants left 10 soldiers and 9 rebels dead on Basilan Island.
    (SFC, 7/28/12, p.A2)

2012        Jul 28, Philippine authorities arrested Ustadz Ahmadsali Asmad Badron, also known as Ammad or Hamad Ustadz Idris, a founding member of the Al-Qaeda-linked Abu Sayyaf group blamed for some of the worst terror attacks in the region.
    (AFP, 7/29/12)

2012        Jul 30, In the Philippines at least 14 people were killed and millions were left without power as Tropical Storm Saola turned into a typhoon, bringing heavy rains to large parts of the country.
    (AFP, 7/30/12)(AFP, 7/31/12)(AP, 8/1/12)

2012        Aug 1, In the Philippines a waste spillage at the Philippines' largest gold threatened to contaminate one of the country's largest rivers. On Aug 3 the government said the spillage at the Padcal mine has been contained.
    (AFP, 8/4/12)

2012        Aug 3, Typhoon Saola, which battered Manila and the north for several days, blew away leaving at least 53 people dead.
    (AP, 8/7/12)

2012        Aug 6, In the southern Philippines a breakaway group of Muslim rebels used chainsaws to launch simultaneous attacks across 11 towns, leaving at least three dead.
    (AFP, 8/6/12)

2012        Aug 7, In the Philippines relentless rains submerged half of Manila, triggered a landslide that killed 8 people and sent emergency crews scrambling to rescue and evacuate tens of thousands of residents.
    (AP, 8/7/12)

2012        Aug 8, In the Philippines more than one million people in and around Manila battled deadly floods amid relentless monsoon rains, with neck-deep waters trapping slum dwellers and the wealthy on roofs.
    (AFP, 8/8/12)

2012        Aug 9, In the Philippines officials said troops backed by helicopters have started an offensive on two strongholds of the breakaway Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Movement in southern Maguindanao province.
    (SFC, 8/10/12, p.A2)

2012        Aug 16, Singapore's High Court ruled that more than $23 million seized from the estate of late Philippine dictator Ferdinand Marcos rightfully belongs to a Philippine bank.
    (AFP, 8/16/12)
2012        Aug 16, The United Nations said deadly clashes between soldiers and a Muslim rebel group in the violence-plagued southern Philippines had displaced up to 45,000 people. Members of the Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters (BIFF) attacked several army detachments in the southern province of Maguindanao last week, triggering gunbattles that left at least five soldiers dead.
    (AFP, 8/16/12)

2012        Aug 17, Philippine President Benigno Aquino signed a law creating a one billion peso (about $24 million) "survival fund" to combat the effects of climate change.
    (AFP, 8/21/12)

2012        Aug 18, Philippine Interior Secretary Jesse Robredo and his two pilots went missing after their small plane crashed into the sea while attempting an emergency landing in Masbate province. An aide of Robredo made a dramatic escape from the plane.
    (AP, 8/19/12)
2012        Aug 18, In Vietnam at least 17 people were killed as Typhoon Kai-Tak, now downgraded to a tropical depression, barreled across northern Vietnam bringing high winds and floods to several areas including the capital Hanoi. The typhoon had already left 2 dead in China and 4 dead in the Philippines.
    (AFP, 8/18/12)(AFP, 8/19/12)(AFP, 8/20/12)

2012        Aug 23, Philippine police arrested more than 350 people over a major telephone scam that swindled people out of millions of dollars in Taiwan and mainland China.
    (AFP, 8/23/12)

2012        Aug 31, A 7.6-magnitude quake struck off the eastern coast of the Philippines, killing at least one person in a house collapse, knocking out power in several towns and generating negligible tsunami surges.
    (AP, 8/31/12)

2012        Sep 12, In the Philippines Pres. Aquino III signed the new Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012.
    (SFC, 10/4/12, p.A2)

2012        Oct 3, In the Philippines the new Cybercrime Prevention Act went into effect, setting penalties for a range of computer-related crimes with provisions related to libel. Critics said it could lead to imprisonment for simple activities like sharing Facebook and Twitter posts. On Oct 9 the Supreme Court suspended the new law.
    (SFC, 10/4/12, p.A2)(SFC, 10/10/12, p.A2)

2012        Oct 4, In the Philippines police arrested former President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo and temporarily detained her in a hospital on corruption charges, in her third indictment and second detention since stepping down two years ago.
    (AP, 10/4/12)

2012        Oct 6, Philippine troops captured New People’s Army regional chief Benjamin Mendoza (43) and three other suspected insurgents outside their hideout in suburban Quezon city.
    (SSFC, 10/7/12, p.A3)

2012        Oct 7, Philippine President Benigno Aquino III announced that his government has reached a preliminary peace deal with the nation's largest Muslim rebel group in a major breakthrough toward ending a decades-long insurgency. Aquino said the "framework agreement," to be signed on Oct 15, was an assurance the Moro Islamic Liberation Front insurgents will no longer aim to secede from the country in return for autonomy in a new area, Bangsamoro.
    (AP, 10/7/12)(Economist, 10/13/12, p.17)

2012        Oct 15, The Philippine government and Muslim rebels overcame decades of bitter hostility and took their first tentative step toward ending one of Asia's longest-running insurgencies with the signing of a preliminary peace pact brokered by Malaysia.
    (AP, 10/15/12)

2012        Dec 1, The Philippines denounced Chinese plans to search ships sailing through what Beijing says is its territory in the South Chine Sea.
    (SSFC, 12/2/12, p.A5)

2012        Dec 2, Pacific island nations and environmentalists raised an alarm over destructive fishing methods and overfishing that they say are threatening bigeye tuna, at the start of a weeklong tuna fisheries conference in Manila.
    (AP, 12/2/12)

2012        Dec 4, In the southern Philippines at least 78 villagers and soldiers drowned when torrents of water dumped by a powerful typhoon cascaded down a mountain, engulfing emergency shelters and an army truck in Andap village. The deaths toll from Typhoon Bopha (aka Typhoon Pablo), one of the strongest storms to hit the country this year, reached nearly 600 with another 600 missing.
    (AP, 12/4/12)(AP, 12/5/12)(AP, 12/8/12)(SSFC, 12/9/12, p.A4)

2012        Dec 9, In the southern Philippines the number of people missing following Typhoon Bopha jumped to nearly 900 after families and fishing companies reported losing contact with more than 300 fishermen at sea.
    (AP, 12/9/12)

2012        Dec 17, Philippine legislators passed a landmark bill that would provide government funding for contraceptives and sexuality classes in schools despite strong opposition by the dominant Roman Catholic Church and its followers. Pres. Aquino III signed the legislation on Dec 21.
    (AP, 12/17/12)(SSFC, 12/30/12, p.A6)

2012        Dec 18, Philippine officials said Typhoon Pablo (Bopha) killed 1,043 people with 844 still missing.
    (SSFC, 12/23/12, p.A22)

2012        Dec 20, Philippine Pres. Benigno Aquino III signed a “sin tax” bill boosting taxes on cigarettes and liquor.
    (SFC, 12/21/12, p.A4)

2012        Dec 25, In the Philippines a Christmas Day fire killed a veterinarian and 6 members of his family in Quezon City. Another blaze left as many as 2,000 people homeless when it hit a residential area in San Juan City.
    (AP, 12/25/12)(SSFC, 12/30/12, p.A6)

2012        Dec 26, Angry Philippine residents beat a man to death and threw rocks at firefighters after a  Christmas day shantytown fire in suburban San Juan city left thousands of people homeless. The man was reportedly drunk and was not responsible for the fire. The fire was reportedly started in a house where children were playing with lighted candles.
    (AP, 12/26/12)

2013        Jan 1, In the Philippines a “sin tax” on alcohol and tobacco came into effect. It had survived a 2012 Senate vote by a margin of one.
    (Econ, 4/6/13, p.86)

2013        Jan 4, In the Philippines a man shot and killed 8 people near Manila before he was killed by police. The dead included a pregnant woman and 2 children. The man was said to have had marriage problems.
    (SSFC, 1/6/13, p.A4)

2013        Jan 6, In the Philippines gunmen riding in three black SUVs opened fire on more than 50 army and police troopers who flagged down the vehicles late today in the coastal town of Atimonan in Quezon province. At least three police personnel were among 13 suspected criminals who were gunned down in the shootout on Luzon island.
    (AP, 1/7/13)

2013        Jan 11, In the Philippines a fire swept through the Dryden Hotel, a small two-story tourist hotel in Olongapo city, killing 7 people, including 3 Americans, 3 Filipinos and a South Korean.
    (AP, 1/11/13)

2013        Jan 17, All 79 officers and crew of the USS Guardian were taken off the ship for safety reasons after it struck the Tubataha Reef, a UNESCO World Heritage site, with its bow at 2 a.m. in the Philippines. The Navy said inaccurate data and may have been a factor in the Guardian's grounding. The last major part of the ship was removed on March 30. The US faced paying environmental damages of more than $2 million.
    (AP, 1/19/13)(SFC, 1/26/13, p.A4)(SFC, 4/1/13, p.A2)

2013        Jan 22, The Philippines took a desperate legal step against China's claims to virtually the entire South China Sea, formally notifying the Asian superpower that Manila is seeking international arbitration to declare Beijing's moves in the potentially oil-rich waters "unlawful."
    (AP, 1/22/13)
2013        Jan 22, In the Philippines John Pope, a Canadian man, opened fire in a Cebu courtroom killing two people and wounding another before he was shot dead by a police officer.
    (SFC, 1/23/13, p.A2)

2013        Jan 27, In the Philippines gunmen hiding in a sugarcane field ambushed a truckload of policemen and village guards killing 9 and wounding 9 others in Negros Occidental province.
    (SFC, 1/28/13, p.A2)

2013        Jan 28, The Philippine Congress ratified a bill awarding $246 million to victims of martial law compensation and recognition for detentions, beatings, harassment and killings from 1972-1986. The bill will be sent to Pres. Benigno Aquino III for signing into law.
    (AP, 1/28/13)

2013        Jan 31, The US Navy said it has decided to scrap the $277 million mine-sweeper Guardian stuck since Jan 17 on the sensitive Tubbataha Reef in the Philippines.
    (SFC, 2/1/13, p.A6)

2013        Feb 3, In the Philippines Moro rebels battled the Abu Sayyaf with guns and knives at close range. Rebels lost eight men, including one who was beheaded and a few others who were hacked to death. Up to 14 Abu Sayyaf men were killed.
    (AP, 2/4/13)

2013        Feb 9, Members of a Muslim royal clan from the southern Philippines landed in Malaysia’s coastal village of Lahad Datu, Sabah state to claim the territory as their own, citing ownership documents from the late 1800s.
    (AP, 3/1/13)

2013        Feb 17, The Harita Bauxite, a bulk carrier, sank near the Philippines. 10 of 24 crewmen, mostly from Myanmar, were rescued. One later died and the rest remianed missing. The vessel was thought to be carrying nickel ore from Indonesia.
    (SSFC, 4/7/13, p.46)

2013        Feb 19, In the Philippines over 100 communist guerrillas stormed a vast Del Monte plantation in Bukidnon province, killing one guard, burning farm equipment and blocking traffic in 3 towns.
    (SFC, 2/21/13, p.A2)

2013        Mar 1, In eastern Malaysia 14 people were killed in a shootout as authorities tried to end a three-week standoff with about 200 members of a Filipino clan occupying a village in Sabah state.
    (AP, 3/1/13)

2013        Mar 2, In Malaysia gunmen ambushed and killed six policemen as fears mounted that armed intruders from the southern Philippines had slipped into at least three coastal districts on Borneo island.
    (AP, 3/3/13)

2013        Mar 5, Malaysia unleashed airstrikes and mortar attacks on nearly 200 Filipinos occupying a Borneo coastal village but could not declare an immediate end to a three-week siege that has turned into a security nightmare for both Malaysia and the Philippines.
    (AP, 3/5/13)

2013        Mar 6, Malaysian security forces battled a group of Filipino intruders in the rugged terrain of Borneo after they escaped a military assault with fighter jets and mortar fire on their hideout. One Filipino was shot and believed killed.
    (AP, 3/6/13)
2013        Mar 6, Syrian rebels detained 21 Filipino UN peacekeepers in the area in another destabilizing twist to the country's two-year-old conflict. The number of Syrian refugees topped 1 million, half of them children. Gunmen raided a Christian village near Homs, robbing houses and shops, saying they were looking for weapons.
    (AP, 3/6/13)(AP, 3/7/13)(AP, 3/11/13)

2013        Mar 7, Malaysian security forces gunned down 31 Filipino intruders in Borneo, the highest number of casualties in a single day since nearly 200 members of a Philippine Muslim clan took over an entire village last month. At least 60 people, including 8 Malaysian police officers, have been killed in the conflict.
    (AP, 3/7/13)(SFC, 3/8/13, p.A2)

2013        Mar 9, Syrian rebels released 21 UN Filipino peacekeepers, captured on March 6, and handed them to Jordanian authorities.
    (AP, 3/9/13)

2013        Mar 19, The Philippine Supreme Court temporarily halted the implementation of the Responsible Parenthood and Reproduction Health Act of 2012, a law that provides state funding for contraceptives. The legislation was opposed by the dominant Roman Catholic Church but supported by reproductive health activists.
    (AP, 3/19/13)(SSFC, 3/24/13, p.A4)

2013        Mar 20, Malaysian prosecutors charged 8 Filipinos with terrorism-related offenses following an armed siege in Borneo that killed 71 people.
    (SFC, 3/21/13, p.A2)

2013        Mar 28, Fitch, a ratings agency, awarded the Philippines its first ever  investment-grade credit rating.
    (Econ, 4/6/13, p.86)

2013        Apr 2, Philippine authorities arrested 16 Taiwanese, 15 males and a female, in connection with an online scam that mostly targeted retirees living in China and Taiwan.
    (AP, 4/3/13)

2013        Apr 8, A Chinese steel-hulled vessel hit an atoll at the Tubbataha National Marine Park, a UNESCO-designated World Heritage Site on Palawan island. On April 13 Philippine authorities found inside the ship more than 10,000 kg (22,000 pounds) of meat from a protected species, the pangolin or scaly anteater. On April 19 the ship was extricated and towed to Puerto Princesa.
    (AP, 4/15/13)(SSFC, 4/21/13, p.A4)

2013        Apr 25, In the southern Philippines gunmen attacked a truck carrying a mayor and his supporters and killed 13 people including his daughter in Lanao del Norte province. Nunungan Mayor Abdul Manamparan and nine others were wounded in the country's worst violence in campaigning for May elections.
    (AP, 4/26/13)

2013        May 7, In the Philippines the active Mayon volcano spewed room-sized rocks toward nearly 30 surprised climbers, killing 5 and injuring others who were fetched with rescue helicopters and rope. The 2,460-meter (8,070-foot) mountain, about 340 km (212 miles) southeast of Manila, has erupted about 40 times during the last 400 years.
    (AP, 5/7/13)

2013        May 9, Taiwanese fisherman Hung Shih-cheng (65) was shot dead by Philippine coast guard sailors in disputed waters. On May 15 Philippine Pres. Benigno Aquino III apologized to Taiwan for the shooting.
    (SFC, 5/11/13, p.A2)(SFC, 5/16/13, p.A2)

2013        May 13, The Philippines held congressional and local elections. Political allies of Pres. Aquino looked to take control of the Senate.
    (AP, 5/13/13)(SFC, 5/15/13, p.A2)

2013        May 16, Taiwan announced a 2nd wave of sanctions against Manila in response the Philippines coast guard’s fatal shooting of a Taiwanese fisherman.
    (SSFC, 5/19/13, p.A4)

2013        May 25, In the Philippines at least 7 marines and 7 militants were killed in a clash as the military began an offensive against al-Qaida linked gunmen in Sulu province.
    (SSFC, 5/26/13, p.A6)

2013        May 27, In the northern Philippines Communist guerrillas set off a roadside bomb and opened fire on a truck carrying police, killing 7 and wounding 7 in Cagayan province.
    (AP, 5/27/13)

2013        May 31, In the Philippines an explosion in an upscale apartment in Manila killed 6 people. The dead included the crew of a delivery van passing by that was hit by concrete debris.
    (SSFC, 6/2/13, p.A6)

2013        Jun 1, A magnitude 5.7 earthquake hit the southern Philippines late today, injuring at least 33 people and damaging more than 140 houses.
    (AP, 6/2/13)

2013        Jun 14, In the Philippines 2 people died after their ferry sank, but 54 passengers and crew were saved when rescuers pulled them to safety. The ferry was going from Albay province to nearby Masbate province.
    (AP, 6/14/13)

2013        Jun 29, China's state media warned that a "counterstrike" against the Philippines was inevitable if it continues to provoke Beijing in the South China Sea, potentially Asia's biggest military trouble spot.
    (Reuters, 6/29/13)

2013        Jun, In the Philippines Abu Sayyaf gunmen abducted two sisters in Patikul, where they had traveled to do a video documentary on the predominantly Muslim area's poor coffee farmers. Nadjoua and Linda Bansil were freed on Feb 20, 2014.
    (AP, 2/20/14)

2013        Jul 24, Afghanistan's first woman governor and a Myanmar civil society organizer were among five winners of Asia's equivalent of the Nobel Prize this year. The Philippines-based Ramon Magsaysay Award Foundation singled out Afghanistan's Habiba Sarabi, a 57-year-old doctor, for her "bold exercise of leadership to build up a functioning provincial government against great odds." The Foundation also recognized Lahpai Seng Raw from Myanmar, for her "quietly inspiring and inclusive leadership in the midst of deep ethnic divides and prolonged armed conflicts."
    (Reuters, 7/24/13)

2013        Jul 26, In the Philippines a powerful blast ripped through a crowded nightclub in Cagayan de Oro City, killing 6 people and wounding dozens.
    (Reuters, 7/26/13)

2013        Jul 27, In Manila Japan’s PM Shinzo Abe met with Pres. Benigno Aquino III and pledged support for Philippine maritime forces as both countries confronted China in separate territorial disputes.
    (SSFC, 7/28/13, p.A6)

2013        Jul 30, The Philippine province of Albay was entirely cut off from power. The national power grid operator stopped its supply due to $93 million in unpaid bills. Power was restored after 24 hours on the conditions that the top 100 delinquent customers — most of them business establishments — remain disconnected and that the electric cooperative pay its current outstanding bill of 59 million pesos ($1.3 million).
    (AP, 7/31/13)
2013        Jul 30, In the Philippines government troops checking on reports of armed men in Camiling township, Tarlac province, were fired upon by guerrillas of the New People’s Army. At least 6 rebels were reported killed.
    (SFC, 8/1/13, p.A2)

2013        Jul 31, Manila's foreign ministry said Washington will raise its military assistance to the Philippines by about two-thirds, helping its oldest security ally in Asia defend vast maritime borders against what it sees as Chinese assertiveness.
    (Reuters, 7/31/13)

2013        Aug 5, In the southern Philippines a powerful bomb apparently rigged to a vehicle exploded on a busy main road in Cotabato city, killing at least 8 people and wounding more than 30 others.
    (AP, 8/6/13)
2013        Aug 5, In the southern Philippines Chong Wei Jei (26), a Malaysian plantation manager held captive for nine months by Abu Sayyaf militants, escaped. And was found on Jolo Island. His cousin, Chong Wil Fei (34), had died in captivity.
    (SSFC, 8/11/13, p.A4)

2013        Aug 12, Typhoon Utor battered the northern Philippines, toppling power lines and dumping heavy rain across cities and food-growing plains. The storm left at least two people dead and 44 missing.
    (AP, 8/12/13)

2013        Aug 16, In the Philippines a ferry disaster killed at least 64 people and 56 remained missing. The ferry sank after a collision with the Sulpicio Express 7, a cargo vessel just outside the central port of Cebu. The Sulpicio Express 7 is owned by unlisted firm Philippine Span Asia Carrier Corp, formerly known as Sulpicio Lines Inc.
    (AP, 8/17/13)(AP, 8/18/13)(SSFC, 8/25/13, p.A4)

2013        Aug 19, In the Philippines torrential rains Manila to a standstill, submerging some areas in waist-deep floodwaters and making streets impassable to vehicles, while thousands of people in northern regions fled to emergency shelters.
    (AP, 8/19/13)

2013        Aug 23, Philippines’ Pres. Aquino said leaks will be plugged in a controversial fund set aside for legislators' pet projects.
    (Reuters, 8/23/13)

2013        Aug 26, In the Philippines tens of thousands angry at official corruption marched through the center of Manila and other cities to demand the abolition of a misused fund for legislators' pet projects, the biggest protest aimed at Benigno Aquino's government.
    (Reuters, 8/26/13)

2013        Aug 28, In the Philippines Janet Napoles, a businesswoman who allegedly connived with legislators to embezzle 10 billion pesos ($230 million) in funds intended for development projects, surrendered directly to President Benigno Aquino and asked for the president's protection.
    (AFP, 8/28/13)

2013        Sep 4, In the Philippines newspaper editor Vergel Bico, who wrote about illegal gambling, was shot twice in the head and killed as he drove his motorcycle.
    (SFC, 9/6/13, p.A2)

2013        Sep 9, In the southern Philippines rogue Muslim rebels launched an audacious assault on Zamboanga City, taking control of several villages and shutting down the major port in the biggest challenge to a peace deal signed by the government last year.
    (Reuters, 9/9/13)

2013        Sep 10, The Philippine government rushed more troops and police to the south of the country as a standoff between about 200 Muslim rebels and government forces dragged on for a 2nd day with no solution in sight.
    (AP, 9/10/13)

2013        Sep 11, In the Philippines rogue Muslim rebels, seeking to declare an independent state, put a dozen civilians tied together by rope on display as a human shield as a standoff with security forces in Zamboanga entered its third day.
    (Reuters, 9/11/13)

2013        Sep 12, In the Philippines fighting between security forces and rogue Muslim rebels seeking to declare an independent state escalated in Zamboanga City on Mindanao Island, and spread to Basilan island. The attacks involved the Abu Sayaf and the recently formed Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters. Rebels held over 100 hostages in Zamboanga.
    (Reuters, 9/12/13)(SFC, 9/13/13, p.A7)(SSFC, 9/15/13, p.A6)

2013        Sep 14, In the southern Philippines fighting intensified between government troops and rogue Muslim separatists, shattering a ceasefire almost immediately as it was to go into effect and leaving many residents running low on supplies.
    (Reuters, 9/14/13)

2013        Sep 15, Filipino officials said government forces have killed at least 51 rebels and captured 42. Six police officers have been killed so far along with 4 villagers since the standoff began on Sep 9.
    (SFC, 9/16/13, p.A3)

2013        Sep 16, Philippine forces launched air strikes to root out rogue Muslim rebels from a southern city, stepping up efforts to end more than a week of clashes that have killed scores of people.
    (Reuters, 9/16/13)

2013        Sep 17, Philippine forces freed scores of civilian hostages as fighting subsided in the port city of Zamboanga, where MNLF guerrillas have been battling for more than a week.
    (Reuters, 9/17/13)(SFC, 9/18/13, p.A2)

2013        Sep 23, In the Philippines torrential monsoon rains hit the northwest, triggering landslides and killing 20 people in areas already weakened by a Typhoon Usagi. Soldiers and villagers searched for at least 7 people missing in villages hit by landslides in Zambales province.
    (AP, 9/23/13)

2013        Sep 25, In the Philippines 30 fighters of the Moro National Liberation surrendered in Zamboanga city following a siege that began Sep 9.
    (SSFC, 9/29/13, p.A4)

2013        Sep 27, Philippine forces said they have rescued the last civilians held by Muslim rebels on Mindanao island after nearly three weeks of fighting. About 200 people, including 166 rebels, were killed and more than 100,000 residents Zamboanga city were displaced.
    (Reuters, 9/27/13)

2013        Sep 28, Officials in the Philippines said the standoff between government troops and Muslim rebels has ended. The clashes left 183 rebels dead as well as 23 soldiers and 12 civilians.
    (SSFC, 9/29/13, p.A5)
2013        Sep 28, Miss Philippines, Megan Young 23), was crowned Miss World 2013 in a glittering finale on the Indonesian resort island of Bali amid tight security following weeks of hardline Muslim protests.
    (AFP, 9/28/13)

2013        Oct 9, The Philippines justice minister said fugitive Muslim leader Nur Misuari has been charged with rebellion following deadly attacks by hundreds of his armed followers on Zamboanga. At least 244 people were killed in the three weeks of fighting.
    (AFP, 10/9/13)

2013        Oct 12, Typhoon Nari pounded the northern Philippines, killing 13 people, ripping roofs off thousands of buildings, and leaving more than two million without power.
    (AFP, 10/12/13)

2013        Oct 14, In the Philippines more than 1.5 million people converged on Manila for a powerful Christian sect's evangelical event, causing traffic chaos that shut down large parts of the megacity. The gathering of the secretive and politically influential Iglesia ni Cristo (Church of Christ) forced all schools and some government offices to close.
    (AFP, 10/14/13)

2013        Oct 15, In the central Philippines a powerful earthquake measuring 7.2 struck islands popular with tourists. At least 171 people were killed, mostly on Bohol island.
    (AP, 10/15/13)(AFP, 10/16/13)(Reuters, 10/17/13)(SSFC, 10/20/13, p.A4)

2013        Oct 20, In the Philippines Sultan Jamalul Kiram III (75) died. His armed followers invaded Sabah state earlier this year sparking a security crises that left dozens of people dead.
    (SFC, 10/21/13, p.A2)

2013        Oct 21, In the Philippines communist rebels attacked government ropps with roadside bombs and gunfire killing 9 soldiers and militamen  in Tulunan town, North Cotabato.
    (SFC, 10/22/13, p.A2)

2013        Oct 27, Police in the Philippines said at least 22 candidates and political supporters have been killed in election-related violence over the last month. Balloting was set to begin on Oct 28.
    (SFC, 10/28/13, p.A2)

2013        Nov 3, Hackers claiming links to international activist group Anonymous (Anonymous Indonesia and Anonymous Philippines) defaced dozens of websites belonging to Australian businesses and Philippine government agencies.
    (Reuters, 11/3/13)

2013        Nov 8, Typhoon Haiyan, one of the strongest storms on record, slammed into six central Philippine islands. As many as 10,000 people were believed dead just in Tacloban, Leyte Island, as one of the worst storms ever recorded unleashed ferocious winds and giant waves that washed away homes. The death toll was later put at about 6,00 with about 1,800 missing.
    (AP, 11/8/13)(AFP, 11/9/13)(AP, 11/10/13)(Econ, 12/21/13, p.65)

2013        Nov 11, Authorities in the Philippines said at least 9.7 million people in 41 provinces were affected by Typhoon Haiyan, aka Typhoon Yolanda. Presidential spokesman Edwin Lacierda said "we pray" that the death toll is less than 10,000.
    (AP, 11/11/13)(Econ, 11/23/13, p.46)

2013        Nov 12, Philippine troops killed two armed insurgents who attacked an aid convoy en route to typhoon-devastated Tacloban. Thousands of typhoon survivors swarmed the Tacloban airport seeking a flight out, but only a few hundred made it. Mobs overran a rice warehouse 24 km from Tacloban, setting off a wall collapse that killed 8 people and carting off thousands of sacks of the grain.
    (AFP, 11/12/13)(AP, 11/12/13)(AP, 11/13/13)

2013        Nov 13, In the Philippines security forces exchanged gunfire with an armed gang in Tacloban as authorities struggled with looting following the Nov 8 Typhoon Haiyan. The death toll rose to 2,344.
    (AP, 11/13/13)

2013        Nov 14, In the Philippines a US aircraft carrier "strike group" started unloading food and water to the typhoon-ravaged central Philippines, as President Benigno Aquino faced mounting pressure to speed up the distribution of supplies.
    (Reuters, 11/14/13)

2013        Nov 15, In the Philippines the death toll from Typhoon Haiyan, one of the world's most powerful typhoons, surged to over 4,000.
    (Reuters, 11/15/13)

2013        Nov 16, PM David Cameron announced that Britain was providing a further 30 million pounds to help the relief effort after the devastating typhoon in the Philippines.
    (AFP, 11/16/13)

2013        Nov 19, The Philippine Daily Enquirer reported that the Supreme Court has declared unconstitutional past and present congressional pork barrel laws.
    (SSFC, 11/24/13, p.A8)

2013        Nov 20, China confirmed the deployment of a state-of-the-art hospital ship to the Philippines following foreign and domestic criticism that it was slow and less than generous in its response to one of the world's biggest typhoons, which killed at least 4,000 people.
    (Reuters, 11/20/13)

2013        Nov 22, Philippine officials said the death toll from the Nov 8 Typhoon Haiyan, one of the strongest, on record has risen above 5,200 and is likely to climb further. Recovery efforts were beginning to take hold.
    (AFP, 11/22/13)

2013        Nov 24, In Macao Manny Pacquiao of the Philippines defeated American Brandon Rios for the World Boxing welter-weight title fight. The Filipino Court of Tax Appeals soon ordered Pacquiao’s bank deposits frozen saying he owed the government $50 million in back taxes.
    (SSFC, 12/1/13, p.A6)

2013        Dec 8, The Philippine government and the MILF, the main Muslim rebel group, signed a crucial power-sharing accord, paving the way for a final peace agreement.
    (AFP, 12/8/13)

2013        Dec 13, Philippine officials said the death toll from Typhoon Haiyan that struck on Nov 8 has passed 6,000 with nearly 1,800 people missing.
    (AP, 12/13/13)

2013        Dec 15, In the Philippines a gang of hammer-wielding robbers looted a jewelry store at a popular suburban Manila shopping mall. The suspects were believed to have used baseball caps to hide their identities.
    (AFP, 12/23/13)

2013        Dec 16, In the Philippines at least 22 people were killed when a speeding commuter bus crashed off an elevated motorway onto a delivery van in Manila.
    (Reuters, 12/16/13)

2013        Dec 20, In the Philippines a gunman attacked  Labangan Mayor Ukol Talumpa as he left the Manila main airport along with crowds of Christmas travelers, killing him, his wife, a child and another man.
    (AP, 12/20/13)

2013        Dec 23, Police in the Philippine capital banned the wearing of caps and sunglasses in shopping malls to stop criminals concealing their identity from security cameras.
    (AFP, 12/23/13)

2014        Jan 10, The Philippines and Vietnam condemned a new Chinese law that requires foreign fishermen to seek Beijing's approval to operate in much of the South China Sea, but China's Foreign Ministry insisted it has the right do so.
    (AP, 1/10/14)

2014        Jan 13, Officials in the Philippines said two days of heavy rains set off floods and landslides in the southeast have left at least 20 people dead, 13 missing and thousands displaced.
    (AP, 1/13/14)
2014        Jan 13, In the Philippines the Sandiganbayan antigraft court said the former fist lady Imelda Marcos should forfeit all jewelry after ruling that it was ill-gotten.
    (SFC, 1/15/14, p.A2)

2014        Jan 14, Rose Fostanes, a Filipina who has spent nearly half her life as a carer overseas, won Israel's first "X Factor" TV talent competition.
    (AFP, 1/15/14)

2014        Jan 15, The Philippines launched anti-corruption reforms including cashless and checkless government transactions.
    (SFC, 1/16/14, p.A2)

2014        Jan 16, British police working alongside counterparts in the Philippines and Australia said they had dismantled a paedophile ring that streamed live sexual abuse of Filipino children as young as six over the Internet, with victims' parents involved in some cases.
    (AFP, 1/16/14)

2014        Jan 17, In the Philippines thousands of people fled rising floods and an approaching storm in a fresh round of evacuations as the death toll from a week of foul weather rose to 37.
    (AFP, 1/17/14)
2014        Jan 17, China called on the Philippines to meet it halfway on new Chinese fishing rules in the disputed South China Sea, adding that Beijing was always willing to make efforts to resolve such issues via talks.
    (Reuters, 1/17/14)

2014        Jan 21, Emergency workers evacuated thousands of people across the southern Philippines, including many already made homeless by a typhoon in November, after three days of rain flooded towns and farmland.
    (Reuters, 1/21/14)

2014        Jan 25, The Philippine government and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front, the country's largest Muslim rebel group, completed talks on a deal to end four decades of fighting.
    (AP, 1/25/14)(SSFC, 1/26/14, p.A5)

2014        Jan 29, In the Philippines a 2-day operation left as least 37 Islamic fighters dead. The Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Movement opposed peace talks and had staged attacks in Maguindanao province.
    (SFC, 1/30/14, p.A2)

2014        Jan 30, In the Philippines nearly 200 inmates complaining of hunger and squalid conditions escaped from a provincial jail in an eastern province that was devastated by a monster storm in November. Authorities recaptured 148 of the 182 escapees hours after they stormed out of the Leyte provincial jail in Palo town.
    (AP, 1/30/14)

2014        Jan 31, Philippine officials said 3 child soldiers recruited by hardline Muslim rebels were among 53 people killed in a five-day military offensive in the restive south.
    (AFP, 1/31/14)

2014        Feb 1, In the southern Philippines a homemade bomb, likely set off by Muslim rebels, wounded 12 people, including six soldiers and two television journalists.
    (AP, 2/1/14)

2014        Feb 2, In the Philippines 5 people were injured when motorcycle-riding men hurled a grenade into a church in Zamboanga, a city known for Muslim rebel activity.
    (AFP, 2/2/14)

2014        Feb 7, In the northern Philippines a bus veered off a mountain road and fell into a ravine, killing at least 14 people.
    (AP, 2/7/14)

2014        Feb 15, A Philippine Christian sect, Iglesia ni Cristo, broke two records for organizing the largest charity walk in an effort to raise funds for survivors of last year's Typhoon Haiyan.
    (AP, 2/16/14)

2014        Feb 17, In the southern Philippines a bombing suspect was killed in a gunbattle when he clashed with police commandos. Police were trying to serve a warrant to Muslim militant Yusop Kusain for his alleged involvement in a deadly 2007 bombing.
    (AP, 2/17/14)

2014        Feb 21, Philippine authorities killed at least 7 alleged drug traffickers and arrested 36 others in raids in in Davao city's coastal Tibungco district.
    (AP, 2/21/14)

2014        Feb 27, The Philippines called on Malaysia, Vietnam and other claimants to join its legal challenge to China's massive territorial claim in the South China Sea.
    (AP, 2/27/14)

2014        Mar 3, In the southern Philippines gunmen abducted two children, their nanny and a driver while on the way to school in a region notorious for ransom kidnappings by Islamic militants.
    (AP, 3/3/14)

2014        Mar 4, In the Philippines Arsina Nanoh, the vice-mayor Hadji Muhtamad town, was abducted by unidentified men near a shopping mall in the port city of Zamboanga.
    (AP, 3/5/14)

2014        Mar 10, The Philippines air dropped food and water to soldiers stationed on a grounded transport ship on the disputed Second Thomas Shoal. A day earlier China blocked two Filipino supply ships from reaching the troops.
    (Reuters, 3/12/14)
2014        Mar 10, In the Philippines some 50 New People’s Army (NPA) rebels launched a series of attacks in southern Davao del Sur province's Matanao township, killing 10 government troops and wounding nine. At least two guerrillas were killed and nine captured. Security forces were on heightened alert for the NPA's founding anniversary on March 29, which rebels traditionally mark by attacking government troops and installations.
    (AP, 3/10/14)

2014        Mar 21, The Philippines said it will buy $524.7-million worth of aircraft from South Korea and Canada as part of a military upgrade amid territorial disputes with superpower neighbor China.
    (AFP, 3/21/14)

2014        Mar 22, Philippines security forces arrested the country's top communist leaders, a week ahead of the 45th anniversary of the group's armed struggle when it is expected to launch attacks on government targets.
    (Reuters, 3/22/14)
2014        Mar 22, In the Philippines a large stash of high-grade cocaine was uncovered when several hidden packets tumbled from the ceiling of a shipping container in a private wharf. The find totaled more than 50 kg (110 pounds) and an estimated worth about 300 million pesos ($6.7 million).
    (AP, 3/24/14)

2014        Mar 26,  Daly City dentist Wilson Sy Lim was among 26 people arrested in a SF Bay Area FBI sting. State Sen. Leland Yee had introduced Lim to an undercover FBI agent as a connection for securing guns from the Philippines.
    (SFC, 3/31/14, p.A8)

2014        Mar 27, The Philippine government signed a peace accord with the Moro Islamic Liberation Front, the country's largest Muslim rebel group. The deal grants largely Muslim areas of the southern Mindanao region greater political autonomy in exchange for an end to armed rebellion.
    (AP, 3/27/14)

2014        Mar 28, The Philippines signed contracts worth $527 million to buy 12 fighter jets from South Korea and four combat utility helicopters from Canada to boost the capability of its air force.
    (AP, 3/28/14)

2014        Mar 29, A Philippine government ship slipped past a Chinese coast guard blockade and brought food and fresh troops to a marooned navy ship used as a base by Filipino troops to bolster the country's territorial claims in the disputed South China Sea.
    (AP, 3/29/14)

2014        Mar 30, The Philippines filed a case against China at an arbitration tribunal in The Hague, subjecting Beijing to international legal scrutiny over the territorial dispute in the South China Sea.
    (Reuters, 3/31/14)

2014        Apr 1, Philippine officials said government prosecutors will file plunder cases in an anti-graft court against three senators for misuse of congressional funds worth billions of pesos. Juan Ponce Enrile, former movie actor Ramon Revilla Jr and Jose "Jinggoy" Estrada, son of former president and Manila Mayor Joseph Estada - were found to have amassed 172 million pesos, 242 million pesos and 183 million pesos, respectively, from illegal kickbacks.
    (Reuters, 4/1/14)

2014        Apr 2, Suspected Filipino Abu Sayyaf insurgents seized Gao Huayuan (29) a Chinese tourist, and Marcy Dayawan (40), a hotel receptionist, from the Singamata Reef Resort in eastern Malaysia and then fled in a speed boat. The kidnappers soon demanded a ransom of 500 million pesos ($11.3 million). On May 30 Malaysia’s PM Najib Razak said both victims have been freed.
    (AP, 4/3/14)(AFP, 4/5/14)(AP, 4/10/14)(AP, 5/30/14)

2014        Apr 11, The Philippines and the United States reached agreement on a new security accord allowing American military forces to share local bases for maritime and humanitarian operations.
    (Reuters, 4/11/14)
2014        Apr 11, In the Philippines running gunbattles erupted early today on Basilan Island leaving 2 soldiers and 5 Abu Sayyaf militants dead. 28 soldiers were also wounded following their assault on a group of Abu Sayyaf fighters led by Puruji Indama. At least 18 Muslim rebels died in the fighting near Tipo-tipo town on Basilan. Four of the dead were MILF members, while the others were Abu Sayyaf militants.
    (AP, 4/12/14)(Reuters, 4/15/14)

2014        Apr 12, In the Philippines marines patrolling a wooded area in Sulu province's mountainous Patikul town stumbled on about 30 militants. An ensuing 30-minute clash killed one militant and wounded an unknown number of other gunmen.
    (AP, 4/13/14)

2014        Apr 16, In the Philippines at least 5 people including a 2-year-old boy were killed and 15 others were injured when a passenger bus rammed a stalled truck along the highway in eastern Camarines Sur province.
    (AP, 4/16/14)

2014        Apr 18, In the Philippines a Danish man joined eight Filipinos in re-enacting the death of Jesus Christ by being nailed to crosses in a bloody annual Easter spectacle before some 40 thousand onlookers.
    (AFP, 4/18/14)

2014        Apr 21, In the Philippines Gonzaga town Mayor Carlito Pentecostes Jr. and his bodyguards died following an attack by at least 15 suspected communist rebels disguised as police. A firefight ensued but the gunmen escaped in a commandeered police car. The attackers scattered leaflets denouncing mining in northern Cagayan province.
    (AP, 4/21/14)

2014        Apr 22, In the Philippines about 80 activists protested at the Chinese consulate in Manila, demanding that China stop intruding into Philippine territory in the South China Sea. Philippine marine officer Mike Pelotera said he and his men saw Filipino fishermen being "bullied" away from the Second Thomas Shoal in the South China Sea at least eight times from December to March.
    (AP, 4/22/14)

2014        Apr 23, In the Philippines police armed with truncheons, shields and a fire hose clashed with more than 100 left-wing activists who rallied at the US Embassy in Manila to oppose a visit by President Obama and an expected security pact that would increase the American military presence.
    (AP, 4/23/14)
2014        Apr 23, Hong Kong scrapped travel sanctions against the Philippines after Manila issued an apology and offered greater compensation for the deaths of eight tourists during a 2010 hostage-taking and siege.
    (Reuters, 4/23/14)

2014        Apr 27, US and Philippine officials said the two countries have reached a 10-year agreement that would allow a larger US military presence in the Philippines as it grapples with increasingly tense territorial disputes with China.
    (AP, 4/27/14)
2014        Apr 27, In the northern Philippines a light plane crashed while on a cloud-seeding flight over farmlands that have been scorched by the intense summer heat, killing all four people on board.
    (AP, 4/27/14)

2014        Apr 28, The US signed a new 10-year military pact with the Philippines granting a larger presence for US forces. Pres. Obama said it would bolster the Southeast Asian country's maritime security, but was not aimed at countering China's growing military might.
    (Reuters, 4/28/14)

2014        Apr 29, In the Philippines Muslim militants launched a surprise attack to regain control of a jungle training camp in a southern province. 25 Abu Sayyaf militants were killed and 24 wounded. One Philippine marine had died and 19 were wounded.
    (AP, 5/1/14)

2014        May 2, Philippine officials said police have arrested 58 suspected members of an online extortion syndicate this week in Manila and three other regions. They had reportedly duped hundreds of victims worldwide into exposing themselves in front of webcams or engaging in lewd chats. Some 100 more Filipino suspects were later linked to online blackmail syndicates.
    (SFC, 5/3/14, p.A2)(AP, 5/13/14)

2014        May 3, In the Philippines about 80 members of the New People's Army (NPA) "prevented" 39 miners, including four children, from leaving a mining site in Compostela Valley to stop troops from advancing and capturing them. Local officials persuaded the rebels to free most of the miners. Around a dozen were still believed held at the site.
    (AP, 5/4/14)

2014        May 4, In Saudi Arabia a maid (23) from the Philippines was allegedly scalded with water deliberately poured down her back. An investigation was launched jointly by Riyadh police and the Philippines embassy after images of burns allegedly suffered by the woman, who had arrived in the kingdom in March, surfaced on social media and online.
    (Reuters, 5/22/14)

2014        May 6, In eastern Malaysia a Chinese fish farm manager in Sabah state was kidnapped by gunmen and believed taken to the southern Philippines, where suspected insurgents are holding another Chinese and a Filipino also seized from Malaysia.
    (AP, 5/6/14)
2014        May 6, The Philippines seized a Chinese fishing boat and its 11 crewmen on charges of catching endangered sea turtles in disputed South China Sea waters, prompting China to demand their release and accuse Manila of being provocative. On May 12 all nine men were charged with poaching over 500 endangered sea turtles.
    (AP, 5/7/14)(SFC, 5/13/14, p.A3)

2014        May 11, Myanmar hosted the Southeast Asian summit (ASEAN) as  Vietnam and the Philippines pushed for stronger action to confront China's aggressive behavior in the South China Sea.
    (AP, 5/11/14)

2014        May 16, Filipinos and Vietnamese residents in Manila staged a joint protest against China's incursions into South China Sea territories claimed by their countries.
    (AP, 5/16/14)

2014        May 19, The Philippines said it has reached an agreement over the weekend with Indonesia on a sea border dispute after 20 years of negotiations, and hopes to sign the pact soon.
    (AP, 5/19/14)

2014        May 21, Vietnamese PM Nguyen Tan Dung said Vietnam and the Philippines are determined to oppose Chinese infringement of their territorial waters.
    (Reuters, 5/21/14)

2014        May 28, In the Philippines Abu Sayyaf militants, having received an unspecified amount of ransom, freed businesswoman Sugar Diane Esperanza Buenviaje near the Jolo airport in Sulu. Gunmen had seized Buenviaje, who owns a construction supplies store on Mapun island in Tawi Tawi province, near Sulu, in February and took her away in a motorboat.
    (AP, 5/28/14)
2014        May 28, In the Philippines 6 members of the same family died after a fire struck a tent city set up for survivors of Super Typhoon Haiyan.
    (AFP, 5/28/14)

2014        Jun 4, China rejected an arbitration tribunal's ruling giving it six months to respond to a case filed by the Philippines over disputed waters, saying it has no plans to take part.
    (Reuters, 6/4/14)

2014        Jun 6, Philippine government prosecutors filed corruption charges against three senators who allegedly received hundreds of millions of pesos (millions of dollars) in kickbacks from funds allocated for projects for the poor.
    (AP, 6/6/14)
2014        Jun 6, In the Philippines radio anchorman Nilo Baculo Sr. (67) was killed by gunmen on a motorcycle in Oriental Mindoro's Calapan City. Baculo had filed a petition in 2008 requesting court protection, saying he had discovered a plot by elected officials at that time to kill him after he had reported on their involvement in illegal drug deals.
    (AP, 6/9/14)

2014        Jun 9, China denounced Vietnam and the Philippines for getting together on the Vietnamese-held island of Southwest Cay, a disputed island in the South China Sea, to play soccer and volleyball, calling it "a clumsy farce" and demanded both countries stop causing trouble.
    (Reuters, 6/9/14)

2014        Jun 10, The European Commission delivered a formal warning to the Philippines and Papua New Guinea over illegal fishing, a step that could lead to a ban on exporting to the EU.
    (Reuters, 6/10/14)

2014        Jun 11, Philippine security forces captured Khair Mundos, a top Filipino commander of the Abu Sayyaf extremist group. He was on a US list of most-wanted terrorists and has acknowledged receiving al-Qaida funds to finance bombings in the country.
    (AP, 6/11/14)

2014        Jun 14, The Philippines said it filed a protest last week with Beijing for reclaiming land on a disputed South China Sea reef, the fourth such complaint in three months.
    (AFP, 6/14/14)

2014        Jun 19, Philippine security forces battled Abu Sayyaf militants in the south in fierce clashes that killed seven troops and 10 rebels.
    (AP, 6/19/14)

2014        Jun 20, In the Philippines Sen. Ramon Revilla Jr., popular politician and action movie star, surrendered after an anti-graft court ordered his arrest on large-scale corruption charges in a rare spectacle of the country's political elite being made to answer for alleged crimes.
    (AP, 6/21/14)

2034        Estimates in 2006 predicted that the population of the Philippines would double by this time.
    (Econ, 2/25/06, p.50)

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