Timeline Portugal

Return to home

Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/explore/portugal/
Tourism:
www.portugalinsite.pt
TravelDocs:
http://www.traveldocs.com/pt/index.htm
USLC:
http://www.loc.gov/collections/country-studies/?q=portugal

  In Roman times this area was a Roman province named Lusitania.
 (WUD, 1994, p.854)

230Mil BC - 200Mil BC    In 2015 scientists reported that a large primitive amphibian, named Metoposaurus algarvensis, lived about this time in southern Portugal. It grew to the size of a samll car and lived much like crocodiles do feeding mainly on fish.
    (SFC, 3/25/15, p.A2)

c22,500BC    Portuguese archeologists led by Dr. Joao Zilhao found the skeleton of a young boy (the Lagar Velho child) in the Lapedo Valley on Nov 28, 1998, who reportedly exhibited both Neanderthal and Homo sapiens features, the first possible hybrid to be found.
    (SFEC, 4/25/99, p.A4)(AM, 7/00, p.25)

800BC-500BC        Texts called Southwest Script dating to this period were later discovered in Portugal. Most experts have concluded they were authored by a people called Tartessians, a tribe of Mediterranean traders who mined for metal but disappeared after a few centuries. Some scientists have proposed that the composers were other pre-Roman tribes, such as the Conii or Cynetes, or maybe even Celts who roamed this far south.
    (AP, 2/28/09)

218BCE    Hannibal crossed Portugal on his way to storm Rome.
    (SSFC, 9/29/02, p.C11)

63BCE        Caesar’s troops plundered Terena in Portugal’s Alentejo province.
    (SSFC, 9/29/02, p.C11)

711        Jul 9, Berbers under Tarik-ibn Ziyad occupied Northern Spain. The Umayyads with the help of the Berbers in North Africa moved across the Strait of Gibraltar and began the conquest of Spain and Portugal. The Berber leader Tarik crossed the Strait of Gibraltar and began the Muslim conquest of Spain. The word Gibraltar comes from the term Jabal-al-Tarik, which means the hill of Tarik. Gebel-al-Tarik means "Rock of Tarik."
    (ATC, p.79)(Enc. of Africa, 1976, p.170)(SFEC, 9/29/96, Z1 p.2)(MC, 7/9/02)

900-1000    Viking longships entered the Douro River mouth in Portugal. Their ships are believed to be the design form from which the wine carrying boats "barcos rabelos" were designed.
    (SFEC, 1/12/97,  p.T7)

1064        Jun 9, Coimbra, Portugal, fell to Ferdinand, the King of Castile.
    (HN, 6/9/98)

1128        Jun 24, Afonso I of Portugal defeated the army of his mother Theresa.
    (MC, 6/24/02)

1207        Sep 8, Sancho II, king of Portugal, was born.
    (MC, 9/8/01)

1261        Oct 9, Dionysius, the Justified, king of Portugal (1279-1325), was born.
    (MC, 10/9/01)

1291        Feb 8, Afonso IV, King of Portugal (1325-57), was born.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1297        Sep 12, The town of Olivenza (Olivença) came under Portuguese sovereignty with the Treaty of Alcanices. In 1801 it was ceded to Spain under the Treaty of Badajoz. In the 1815 Vienna convention Spain agreed to return it to Portugal, but this never happened.
    (Econ, 8/31/13, p.14)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Olivenza)

1300-1400    A spiritual retreat for monks was built in Redondo. It later became the Hotel Convento de Sao Paolo.
    (SFEC, 4/26/98, p.T6)

1345        Oct 31, Ferdinand I, the wise one, king of Portugal (built navy), was born.
    (MC, 10/31/01)

1357        Apr 22, Johan I, King of Portugal (1383-1433), was born.
    (MC, 4/22/02)

1357        May 28, Afonso IV (66), King of Portugal (1325-57), died.
    (MC, 5/28/02)

1385        Aug 14, Portuguese forces defeated Castilians at Aljubarrota and gained independence. Nuno Alvares Pereira helped secure Portugal's independence from the Spanish kingdom of Castile. After leaving the military, Pereira entered religious life as a Carmelite and changed his name to Nuno de Santa Maria. He dedicated himself to the poor, never taking the privileges that would have been afforded to him as a former commander. In 2009 the Vatican declared him a saint.
    (PCh, 1992, p.136)(HN, 8/15/98)(AP, 4/26/09)

1391        Oct 30, Eduard, [Dom Duarte], King of Portugal (1433-38) and author, was born.
    (MC, 10/30/01)

1394        Mar 4, Prince Henry the Navigator, sponsor of Portuguese voyages of discovery, was born.
    (HN, 3/4/98)

1415        Jun 13, Henry the Navigator, the prince of Portugal, embarked on an expedition to Africa. This marked the beginning of Portuguese dominance of West Africa.
    (HN, 6/13/98)

 1419        Prince Henry (d.1460), as governor of Portugal's southernmost province, attracted shipbuilders, cartographers and other nautical experts. His patronage was instrumental in stimulating European exploration in the first half of the 15th century.
    (HN, 6/21/01)

1420        Prince Henry the Navigator (b.1394) gathered cartographers, navigators and shipbuilders in a fortress in Sagres, Portugal, to invent navigation technology to reach India, China and the Americas.  He later sailed south of the Canary Islands to the great eastward curve of West Africa at Sierra Leone. The search for Prester John as an ally against the Muslims helped inspire his explorations. Henry began dispatching expeditions from the nearby port of Lagos. Although dubbed "Henry the Navigator" by English writers, he never embarked on the voyages of exploration he himself sponsored. Nevertheless, the prince helped advance European cartography and the accuracy of navigation tools as well as spurring maritime commerce.
    (WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R14)(HN, 3/4/98)(WSJ, 1/28/00, p.A18)(HNQ, 6/21/01)

1420         Portuguese sailors and soldiers begin fighting the natives of the Canary Islands, 800 miles southwest of the southern tip of Portugal.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.173)

1420-1480    The Portuguese explored the west coast of Africa along the Gold Coast, so named because here could be found plenty of gold to buy pepper.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.173)

1424        A Portuguese navigation chart showed a land called Antilia in the vicinity of the West Indies.
    (SFEC, 5/28/00, Z1 p.2)

1432        Jan 15, Afonso V "the African", king of Portugal (1438-1481), was born.
    (MC, 1/15/02)

1434          Gil Eannes, Portuguese explorer, made the first successful rounding of Cape Bojador, off Western Sahara, in a lug-rigged boat.
    (www.enchantedlearning.com/explorers/page/e/eannes.shtml)

1441        Portuguese kidnapped several noble-born Africans, who in turn offered African slaves to the captors as ransom. In 1998 John Reader published "Africa: A Biography of a Continent."
    (SFEC, 6/28/98, BR p.12)

1443        Jun 5, Ferdinand, Portuguese saint, slave to Fez, died.
    (MC, 6/5/02)

1444        Slaves from Africa were first carried to Portugal.
    (WSJ, 12/1/97, p.A20)

1448        The Portuguese established the first European trading post in Africa.
    (WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R49)

c1450        The Portuguese brought slaves to the uninhabited Cape Verde Island.
    (SFC, 8/5/98, p.A8)

1455        Jan 8, The Romanus Pontifex, a papal bull, was written by Pope Nicholas V to King Afonso V of Portugal. As a follow-up to the Dum Diversas, it confirmed to the Crown of Portugal dominion over all lands discovered or conquered during the Age of Discovery.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romanus_Pontifex)

1460        Nov 13, Prince Henry the Navigator (b.1394), Portuguese prince and patron of explorers, died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_the_Navigator)

1460?-1526?    Pedro Alvarez Cabral, Portuguese navigator, discovered and claimed Brazil for Portugal on April 22, 1500.
    (AHD, p.185)(HFA, '96, p.28)

1462-1524    Vasco da Gama, Portuguese explorer.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.174)

1469        May 31, Manuel I, king of Portugal (1495-1521), was born.
    (HN, 5/31/98)

1469-1472    The islands of Sao Tome and Principe were discovered by Portuguese navigators and settled by 1500.
    (AP, 7/18/03)

1470        Princess Juana popularized the farthingale, a wide-hipped skit stiffened by whale bone.
    (WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R40)

1471        The Portuguese arrived in Ghana as intermediaries, bringing slaves and other goods from Senegal and Benin in order to sell them to the Asante and other local people.
    (Econ, 2/24/07, p.73)

1477        Joao II (John II) served as king of Portugal for a short time when his father retired to a monastery. He succeeded his father as king in 1481.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_II_of_Portugal)

1479        Sep 4, After four years of war, Spain agreed to allow a Portuguese monopoly of trade along Africa's west coast and Portugal acknowledged Spain's rights in the Canary Islands.
    (HN, 9/4/98)

1480-1521    Ferdinand Magellan, Portuguese navigator. He was assigned the task of finding a route to the Spice Islands.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.177)

1481        Aug 29, Joao II (John II) became king of Portugal.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_II_of_Portugal)

1482        Captain Diogo Cao sailed south along the African coast and became the first Portuguese sailor to reach the equator. He4 landed at the mouth of the Zaire (Congo) River. He left four servants and took four Africans hostage back to his king, John, in Portugal. This was the first European encounter with the vast kingdom of the Kongo.
    (ATC, p.149)(ON, 11/07, p.1)

1485        Diogo Cao, Portuguese explorer, sailed south beyond Cape Palmas, beyond Cape St. Catherine, until he reached Cape Cross (Namibia) at 22’ south latitude. His expedition returned to Portugal in 1486.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.124)(ATC, p.149)(ON, 11/07, p.1)

1486        King Joao II of Portugal chose Bartolomeu Dias (~1450-1500 to attempt to find a route to India around Africa. Diaz departed with 3 ships in the fall of 1487.
    (ON, 11/07, p.2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bartolomeu_Dias)

1488        Feb 3, Bartolomeu Dias, Portuguese explorer, sighted the coast of Africa sailing north and made landing at Mossel Bay (South Africa) and realized that they had rounded the continent. He saw the southern tip on his return journey in May and named it Cabo Tormentoso (Cape of Storms). He continued north to the Great Fish River near present day Port Elizabeth, and then returned home in December. King Jaoa changed the cape’s name to Cape of Good Hope to encourage future explorers.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.173)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bartolomeu_Dias)(ON, 11/07, p.2)

c1492        About this time King Manuel I, bedazzled by the Moorish tiles at the Alhambra in Spain, brought home enough to decorate his palace in Sintra.
    (SFEC, 4/26/98, p.T6)

1493        Feb 18, Columbus landed on the island of Santa Maria, the southernmost island of the Portuguese-controlled Azores.
    (ON, 8/09, p.3)

1493        May 4, Pope Alexander VI divided the non-Christian world between Spain and Portugal.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.109)(HN, 5/3/98)(HN, 5/4/98)

1494        Jun 7, Spain and Portugal divided the new lands they had discovered between themselves. King Joao II signed the Treaty of Tordesillas in which he conceded to Spain a monopoly on Columbus’ western route in exchange for a Portuguese monopoly on the eastern route.
    (HN, 6/7/98)(ON, 11/07, p.2)(www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1028.html)

1495        Mar 8, Juan de Dios, Portuguese-Spanish saint, founder (Brothers of Mercy), was born.
    (MC, 3/8/02)

1495        Oct 25, Portugal’s King Joao II died without leaving male issue. He was succeeded by his brother-in-law Manuel I.
    (www.nndb.com/people/561/000095276/)

1496        Dec 5, Jews were expelled from Portugal by order of King Manuel I.
    (MC, 12/5/01)

1497        Jul 8, Vasco da Gama, Portuguese explorer, departed on a trip to India. He sailed from Lisbon enroute to Calicut, India. His journey took him around South Africa and opened the Far East to European trade and colonial expansion.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.143)(WUD, 1994, p.1672)(www.indhistory.com/vasco-da-gama.html)

1497        Nov 18, Vasco da Gama reached the Cape of Good Hope.
    (MC, 11/18/01)

1497        Nov 22, Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama rounded the Cape of Good Hope.
    (MC, 11/22/01)

1497        Portuguese Jews were forced to convert to Christianity and were known as "New Christians," though many continued to practice their original faith in secret.
    (WSJ, 6/8/98, p.A21)

1498        Apr 7, Vasco da Gama, Portuguese explorer, arrived at Mombasa, Kenya, where the Arabs repelled him. He sailed on to Malindi and came to terms with the local sultan, who supplied a pilot that knew the route to Calicut (Kozhikode), the most important commercial port in Southwest India at the time.
    (Econ, 9/30/06, p.58)(www.kenyalogy.com/eng/info/histo4.html)

1498        May 20, Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama arrived at Calicut (Kozhikkode) in Kerala, India.
    (www.indhistory.com/vasco-da-gama.html)

1500        Mar 9, Pedro Cabral (~1460-1520), Portuguese navigator, departed to India. He left Lisbon with 13 ships headed for India and was blown off course.
    (WUD, 1994 p.206)(SFC, 4/20/00, p.A14)(www.newadvent.org/cathen/03128a.htm)

1500        Apr 22, Pedro Alvares Cabral (c1460-c1526), Portuguese explorer, discovered Brazil and claimed it for Portugal. He anchored for 10 days in a bay he called "Porto Seguro" and continued on to India.  [see Jan 1, Apr 23]
    (HFA, '96, p.28)(WUD,1994, p.206)(AHD, p.185)(TL-MB, 1988, p.8) (HN, 4/22/98)(SFC, 4/20/00, p.A14)

1500        Apr 23, Pedro Cabal landed at Terra da Vera Cruz and claimed Brazil for Portugal. The native population was later estimated to have been from 1 to 11 million people. [see Apr 22]
    (AP, 4/23/98)(SFC, 7/6/98, p.A10)(www.newadvent.org/cathen/03128a.htm)

1500        May 29, Bartholomeu Diaz de Narvaez (Novaez), Portuguese sea explorer, drowned.
    (SC, 5/29/02)

1500        Aug 10, Diego Diaz discovered Madagascar.
    (MC, 8/10/02)

1500        The Portuguese arrived in East Africa with little resistance.
    (NH, 6/97, p.43,46)

1501        The Mosteiro dos Jeronimos was funded by King Manuel I. The architectural style known as "Manueline" was invented in his honor.
    (SSFC, 1/28/01, p.T10)

1501        May 20, Portuguese explorer Joao da Nova Castelia (1460-1509) discovered the Ascension Islands on Ascension Day.
    (www.eoearth.org/article/Ascension_scrub_and_grasslands)

1502        Jan 1, Guanabara Bay was first encountered by Europeans when one of the Portuguese explorers Gaspar de Lemos and Goncalo Coelho arrived on its shores. Guanabara Bay is an oceanic bay located in southeastern Brazil in the state of Rio de Janeiro. On its western shore lies the city of Rio de Janeiro, and on its eastern shore the cities of Niteroi and Sao Goncalo.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guanabara_Bay)

1502        Feb 12, Vasco da Gama, Portuguese explorer, departed on a second trip to India with 20 well-armed ships.
    (www.indhistory.com/vasco-da-gama.html)

1502        Jun 6, Jofo III, King of Portugal (1521-57), was born.
    (MC, 6/6/02)

1502        Portuguese traders took peanuts from Brazil and Peru to Africa.
    (SFEC, 1/10/99, Z1 p.8)

1505        Jul 24, On their way to India, a group of Portuguese explorers sacked the city-state of Kilwa, East Africa, and killed the king for failing to pay tribute.
    (HN, 7/24/98)

1505        Magellan began to serve Portugal when he enlisted in the fleet of Francisco de Almeida. He continued in Portuguese service on many expeditions, being wounded in a campaign against the Moroccan stronghold of Azamor in 1513.  The wound caused him to limp for the rest of his life. Magellan petitioned King Manuel of Portugal for an increase in his pension as a titular rise in rank, but the king refused and sent him back to Morocco. Upon his second petition in 1516, Magellan was told he might offer his services elsewhere.
    (HNQ, 10/9/00)

1506        Riots in Lisbon, Portugal, led to the slaughter of 2,000-4,000 converted Jews. This became the setting for a 1998 novel by Richard Zimler, "The Last Kabbalist of Lisbon."
    (TL-MB, 1988, p.9) (WSJ, 6/8/98, p.A21)

1509        In Portugal the Madre de Deus convent was established by Queen Leonor. The tile-bedecked church, Igreja de Madre de Deus, was built almost 50 years later.
    (Econ, 6/12/10, p.96)

1511        Malacca (Melaka), the center of East Indian spice trade, was captured by the Portuguese. The Portuguese laid appalling waste to Malacca. St. Paul’s Church, originally called Our Lady of the Hill, was built by the Portuguese following their takeover of Malacca. In 1641 when the Dutch gained influence in Indonesia and Jakarta they took over Melaka and built the fortress A Famosa.
    (TL-MB, p.10)(SFEC, 8/3/97, p.T8)(Econ, 12/22/12, p.55)(Econ, 11/15/14, SR p.5)
1511        Portuguese traders reached the Banda Islands, including Run, and broke the Venetian monopoly over nutmeg. Over the next century the Dutch muscled in an almost cornered the nutmeg market. The history of the nutmeg trade was documented in 1999 by Giles Milton in his: "Nathaniel's Nutmeg."
    (WSJ, 5/21/99, p.W7)

1512        Portuguese explorers discovered the Celebes and found nutmeg trees in the Moluccas. This began an 84-year monopoly of the nutmeg and mace trades.
    (TL-MB, 1988, p.10)

1512        The Portuguese took over control of East Timor.
    (SFC, 3/3/98, p.A6)

1513        Portugal captured Goa, India.
    (SSFC, 3/19/06, p.F7)

1515        Afonso d’Albuquerque, Viceroy of the Portuguese Indies, captured Hormuz (Ormuz) and forced all other traders to round the Cape of Good Hope. This established Portugal’s supremacy in trade with the Far East. Hormuz is the strait between Iran and Trucial Oman.
    (TL-MB, p.11)(WUD, 1994, p.684)

1515-1520    The Belem Tower was built in Lisbon and served as a beacon to sailors. It originally stood well in the water but now the Tagus laps only its base.
    (SFEC, 2/1/98, p.T7)

1518        Gil Vicente, founder of Portuguese drama, wrote "The Ship of Purgatory."
    (TL-MB, p.11)

1518        Portugal and the Kingdom of Kotte, Ceylon, signed a peace treaty.
    (TL-MB, p.11)

1519        Sep 20, Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan set out from Spain with 270 men and 5 ships on a voyage to find a western passage to the Spice Islands in Indonesia. (Magellan was killed en route, but one of his ships eventually circumnavigated the world.)
    (V.D.-H.K.p.182)(DD-EVTT, p.41)(AP, 9/20/97)(HN, 9/20/98)

1520        Nov 28, Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan reached the Pacific Ocean after passing through the South American strait, the straits of Magellan, and entered the “Sea of the South."
    (V.D.-H.K.p.177)(AP, 11/28/97)

1521        Apr 26, Magellan was killed in a fight with natives on Mactan Island. Magellan named the Mariana Islands Islas de los Ladrones (Islands of Thieves), and was killed by natives on Cebu. Juan Sebastian Elcano, Magellan’s second in command, returned to Spain with 18 men and one ship, the Vittorio, laden with spices. His coat of arms was augmented in reward with the inscription Primus circumdisti me: "You were the first to encircle me." Some 50,000 Chamorro people populated the islands. [see Apr 27]
    (V.D.-H.K.p.177-178)(SFEC,11/10/96,Z1p.2)(TL-MB, p.12)(SFEC, 3/7/99,Z1 p.4)

1521        April 27, Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan was killed by natives in the Philippines. [see Apr 26]
    (AP, 4/27/99)

1522        The Portuguese crown began administering Sao Tome.
    (AP, 7/18/03)

1522        In 2007 The book "Beyond Capricorn" said a 16th century maritime map in a Los Angeles library vault, which accurately marks geographical sites along Australia's east coast in Portuguese, proves that Portuguese seafarer Christopher de Mendonca lead a fleet of four ships into Botany Bay in this year.
    (Reuters, 3/21/07)

1523        Portuguese settlers were expelled from China.
    (TL-MB, p.12)   

1524        Dec 24, Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama (~55), who had discovered a sea route around Africa to India, died in Cochin, India. He had served as Viceroy in India. Gama served under the patronage of Dom Manoel and at one time burned alive 380 men, women and children.
    (TL-MB, 1988, p.12)(AP, 12/24/97)(MC, 12/24/01)(SSFC, 3/10/02, p.M3)

1524        Aden became a tributary of Portugal.
    (TL-MB, p.12)

1525        Aug 21, Estavao Gomes returned to Portugal after failing to find a clear waterway to Asia.
    (HN, 8/21/98)

1526        Jul 6, King Afonso of Kongo (1509-1542) sent a letter of complaint to Portugal regarding the impact of slave trade in his country.
    (www.millersville.edu/~winthrop/Thornton.html)

1527        May 21, Philip II (d.1598), king of Spain and Portugal (1556-98), was born. He invaded England and roasted heretics. He collected a fifth of all the wealth generated from the mines and trade in the Americas. He invested heavily into his military and lost it all with the defeat of the Armada in 1588. His debt at his death amounted to 85 million ducats, or 300 tons of gold.
    (HN, 5/21/98)(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R8)(MC, 5/21/02)

1529        Apr 22, Spain and Portugal divided the eastern hemisphere in Treaty of Saragosa.
    (HN, 4/22/98)

1536        May 23, Pope Paul III installed the Portuguese Inquisition at the request of John III. Its most common accusation was maintaining outlawed Jewish practices in secret. The Inquisition was disbanded in 1821.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portuguese_Inquisition)(AP, 8/19/15)

1536        Jul 14, France and Portugal signed the naval treaty of Lyons aligning themselves against Spain.
    (HN, 7/14/98)

1538        Portugal captured Diu, India, and established it as part of a fortified trade network.
    (SSFC, 3/19/06, p.F7)

1540        Coimbra Univ. was founded in a royal palace.
    (SFEC, 4/26/98, p.T7)

c1541    Portugal colonized East Timor.
    (SFC, 10/12/96, p.A13)

1543        Feb 21, In the Battle at Wayna Daga Ethiopian and Portuguese troops beat Moslem army. Ahmed Gran, sultan of Adal, died in the battle.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gelawdewos_of_Ethiopia)

1549        Aug 15, Francis Xavier, Portuguese Jesuit missionary, landed in Kagoshima, Japan, and began spreading the Catholic faith there.
    (Jap. Enc., BLDM, p. 215)(ON, 11/02, p.8)(MC, 8/15/02)(AP, 1/28/14)

1556        Apr 13, Portuguese Marranos who reverted back to Judaism were burned alive by order of Pope.
    (MC, 4/13/02)

1557        The Portuguese settled in Macao, on the coast of southern China, and established trading factories.
    (TL-MB, 1988, p.19)(SFEC, 5/16/99, p.A24)

1568-1634    In Portugal the Jail Cleaning Yard of the Inquisition Court in Evora was in active use during this period. In 2015 researchers found a dozen skeletons in the garbage dump and suspected they were Jewish victims of the Portuguese Inquisition.
    (AP, 8/19/15)

1573         The Portuguese crown began administering Principe.
    (AP, 7/18/03)

1574        The Portuguese began to settle in Angola.
    (TL-MB, 1988, p.22)

1578        Apr 14, Philip III, king of Spain and Portugal (1598-1621), was born.
    (HN, 4/14/97)

1578        Aug 4, A crusade against the Moors of Morocco was routed at the Battle of Alcazar-el-Kebir. King Sebastian of Portugal and 8,000 of his soldiers were killed. Sebastian was killed along with the King of Fez and the Moorish Pretender in the Battle of Alcazar. He was succeeded by Cardinal Henry.
    (TL-MB, 1988, p.22)(HN, 8/4/98)

1579        Portuguese explorer Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo discovered San Diego Bay. His mate, Bartolome Ferrelo, continued exploring north. [see 1542]
    (SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W34)

1579        Portuguese merchants set up trading stations in Bengal.
    (TL-MB, 1988, p.22)

1580        Jun 10, Luis Camoes (b.1524), Portuguese poet, died. He fought in colonial battles in Morocco and India and lost one eye. He was arrested in a street brawl in Lisbon and left for India. He traveled to Macao and Mozambique after which he published "Os Lusiadas" (The Lusiads, 1572), a poem that glorified Vasco da Gama and the history of Portugal.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lu%C3%ADs_de_Cam%C3%B5es)(SFC, 6/4/99, p.D6)(SSFC, 3/10/02, p.M3)

1580        Jun 27, Duke of Alba's army occupied Portugal.
    (MC, 6/27/02)

1580        Aug 25, Spain defeated Portugal in the Battle of Alcantara.
    (chblue.com, 8/25/01)

1580        The Duke of Alba invaded Portugal and put it under Spain’s rule. Spain’s Philip II was proclaimed King Philip I of Portugal and united the colonial empires of Spain and Portugal.
    (TL-MB, 1988, p.23)(PCh, 1992, p.200)

1581        The Portuguese Cortes (national assembly) submitted to Philip II of Spain.
    (TL-MB, p.23)

1582        Oct 15, The Gregorian (or New World) calendar was adopted in Italy, France, Spain, and Portugal; and the preceding ten days were lost to history. This day followed Oct 4 to bring the calendar into sync. by order of the Council of Trent. Oct 5-14 were dropped.
    (K.I.-365D, p.97)(NG, March 1990, J. Boslough)(HN, 10/15/98)

1584        Portugal dominated the world’s sugar trade and sold Brazilian sugar to Europe.
    (TL-MB, p.23)

1590        Jul 6, English admiral Francis Drake took the Portuguese Forts at Taag, Angola.
    (MC, 7/6/02)

1603        The Dutch East India Company seized a Portuguese ship laden with raw silk and gold near the straight of Malacca and hired Dutch jurist Hugo Grotius (1583-1645) to defend its action. In 1625 Grotius authored “Mare Liberum" (The Free Sea) arguing that the seas were international territory and should be open to all.
    (Econ, 11/15/14, SR p.11)

1605        Apr 8, Philip IV king of Spain and Portugal (1621-65), was born. 
    (HN, 4/8/98)

1627        Two Portuguese Jesuits, Estevao Cacella and Joao Cabral, arrived in Bhutan, the first westerners to do so.
    (http://visitbhutan2008.blogspot.com/2007/04/zhabdrung-kuchoe.html)

1637        The Dutch attacked and captured Elmina (Ghana), which up to that point was the centre of Portuguese activity in West Africa.
    (www.moxon.net/ghana/cape_coast.html)

1640        Dec 1, Spain lost Portugal as the Duke of Braganza was proclaimed João IV (John IV), king of Portugal.
    (HoS, p.267)

1641        The Dutch pushed the Portuguese out of Malacca and renamed Our Lady of the Hill church to St. Paul’s.
    (Econ, 11/15/14, SR p.5)

1650        Portuguese rule ended in Oman.
    (SSFC, 3/30/08, p.E4)

1660s        The British began to dominate the trade in port wine from Portugal after a political spat with the French denied them the French Bordeaux wines. Brandy was added to the Portuguese wines to fortify them for the Atlantic voyage.
    (SFEC, 1/12/97,  p.T7)(SFEC, 7/12/98, p.T8)

1661        May 25, King Charles II married Portuguese princess Catherina the Bragança. India’s city of Mumbai, formed from seven islands, was given by Portugal to Charels II of England as dowry for his marriage to Catherine of Braganza.
    (SC, 5/25/02)(Econ, 12/22/12, p.119)

1661        Aug 6, Holland sold Brazil to Portugal for 8 million guilders.
    (MC, 8/6/02)

1671        The St. James Anglican Church was founded in Porto to serve the spiritual needs of the British working in the port wine industry.
    (SFEC, 6/4/00, p.T5)

1678        The 1st recorded shipment of Vinho do Porto was made from Portugal to England.
    (SFC, 11/13/03, p.D1)

1680        Portuguese founded Colonia del Sacramento (Uruguay) for smuggling contraband across the Rio de la Plata to Spanish-controlled Argentina.
    (SSFC, 10/30/05, p.F7)

1692        Taylor’s restaurant and lodge was founded in Porto.
    (SFEC, 7/12/98, p.T10)

1695        Portugal established colonial rule in the eastern half of Timor Island. The western side was incorporated into the Dutch East Indies.
    (SFC, 5/18/02, p.A15)

1696        In the late 1600s the Xukuru Indians fought the Portuguese to a stand off in what was later referred to as the "War of the Barbarians."
    (WSJ, 8/20/99, p.A1)(http://tinyurl.com/bhqlp)

1698-1701    The Portuguese built the Old Fort in Stone Town on Zanzibar to defend against the sultan of Oman.
    (SFEC, 4/23/00, p.T6)

1707        Apr 25, At the Battle of Almansa, Franco-Spanish forces defeated Anglo-Portuguese.
    (HN, 4/25/98)

1739        Sep 1, 35 Jews were sentenced to life in prison in Lisbon, Portugal.
    (MC, 9/1/02)

1741        Apr 8, Jose B. da Gama, Portuguese poet (O Uraguai), was born.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1775         Mar 19, Portuguese fleet was repulsed in attack on Montevideo, Uruguay.
    (AP, 3/19/03)

1755        Nov 1, An 8.7 earthquake hit Lisbon, Portugal, and killed some 70,000 people. Heavy damage resulted from ensuing fires and tsunami flooding in Morocco and nearly a quarter of a million people were killed. In 2008 Nicholas Shrady authored “The Last Day: Wrath, Ruin and Reason in the Great Lisbon Earthquake."
    (http://neic.usgs.gov/neis/eqlists/eqsmosde.html)(Econ, 4/5/08, p.86)

1761        Sep 21, Gabriel Malagrida (b.1689), Portuguese Jesuit missionary, was garroted and burned in Lisbon. In his “Opinion of the True Cause of the Earthquake," referring to Lisbons 1755 quake, Malagrida argued that rebuilding was an offense against God. 
    (www.newadvent.org/cathen/09565c.htm)(Econ, 4/5/08, p.86)

1790        The House of Sandeman winery was found by the Scot, George Sandeman.
    (SFEC, 7/12/98, p.T8)

1794        Dec 27, The Portuguese slave ship Sao Jose--Paquete de Africa sank off the coast of South Africa’s Cape Town. Some 400-500 African slaves from Mozambique were on board the vessel bound for Brazil. About half of them perished. Wreckage of the ship was found in 2015.
    (http://tinyurl.com/q9xyg73)(AP, 6/2/15)

1801        Jun 6, The Treaty of Badajoz (also known as the Peace of Badajoz) was signed in Badajoz between John VI of Portugal and representatives from the Kingdom of Spain.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Badajoz_%281801%29)(Econ, 8/31/13, p.14)

1808        Feb 16, The Peninsular War began when Napoleon ordered a large French force into Spain under the pretext of sending reinforcements to the French army occupying Portugal.
    (MC, 6/21/02)

1808        Aug 21, Napoleon Bonaparte's General Junot was defeated by Wellington at the first Battle of the Peninsular War at Vimiero, Portugal.
    (HN, 8/21/02)

1808        Napoleon chased Portugal’s royal family to Brazil. King Joao VI of Portugal and his court were installed in Rio de Janeiro by a British fleet.
    (Econ, 4/14/07, SR p.5)(Econ, 9/11/10, SR p.3)

1809        The Portuguese crown, now in Brazil, granted authors and inventors exclusive rights to their works in Brazil fro 14 years.
    (Econ, 11/3/12, p.38)

1813        Jun 21, The Peninsular War ended. It began on February 16, 1808, when Napoleon ordered a large French force into Spain under the pretext of sending reinforcements to the French army occupying Portugal.
    (MC, 6/21/02)

1822        Sep 7, Brazil declared its independence from Portugal.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Empire_of_Brazil)(AP, 9/7/97)

c1822-1889    King John VI of Portugal fled Napoleon and went to Brazil.
    (Hem, 8/96, p.68)

1826        Dom Pedro IV, emperor of Brazil, attained the Portuguese throne.
    (SSFC, 1/28/01, p.T1)

1840        The Teatro Nacional Dona Maria II was built in Lisbon. It was named after the daughter of Dom Pedro IV.
    (SFEC, 2/1/98, p.T7)(SSFC, 1/28/01, p.T1)

1847-1911    Queen Maria Pia lived.
    (WSJ, 2/10/98, p.A16)

1849        Aug 22, The Portuguese governor of Macao, China, was assassinated because of his anti-Chinese policies.
    (HN, 8/22/98)

1862        Aug 24, The C.S.S. Alabama was commissioned at sea off Portugal's Azore Islands, beginning a career that would see over 60 Union merchant vessels sunk or destroyed by the Confederate raider. The ship was built in secret in the in Liverpool shipyards, and a diplomatic crisis between the US government and Britain ensued when the Union uncovered the ship’s birth place.
    (MC, 8/24/02)

1862        Baron James Forester, a wealthy Scottish port wine shipper, capsized on the Douro River in Portugal and was dragged to the river bottom by his money belt full of gold coins.
    (SFEC, 1/12/97,  p.T7)

1871        Portuguese immigrants in the SF Bay area began holding their annual Pentecost Festival named Chamarita, after a traditional folk dance.
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.E4)

1874        Nov 29, Antonio Egas Moniz, lobotomist (Nobel 1949), was born in Portugal.
    (MC, 11/29/01)

1884        Feb 26, Leopold II of Belgium signed in Congo a British and Portuguese treaty.
    (SC, 2/26/02)

1886        The Dom Luis I metal bridge in Porto was constructed.
    (SFEC, 7/12/98, p.T8)

1887-1918    Amadeo de Souza Cardoso, Portuguese futurist artist. He moved to Paris in 1906 befriended Modigliani, Brancusi, Gris and others. 8 of his works were exhibited at the 1913 Armory Show in New York.
    (WSJ, 2/1/00, p.A24)

1889        Apr 28, Antonio de Oliveira Salazar, premier, dictator of Portugal (1932-68), was born.
    (MC, 4/28/02)

1891        Jun 11, Portugal assigned Barotseland, now in Zambia, to Britain and Nyasaland becomes a British protectorate.
    (AP, 6/11/03)

1900        Jose Eca de Queiroz, Portuguese novelist, died. His novels included an 1875 satire about a priest struggling with his vows of celibacy. It was made into a Mexican film  "El Crimen del Padre Amaro" (The Crime of Father Amaro) in 2002.
    (AP, 8/9/02)

1901        The Santa Justa Elevador, one of the world’s great cast-iron structures, was built in Lisbon.
    (SFEC, 2/1/98, p.T6)

1904        Alexandrina Maria da Costa of Portugal (d.1955) was born. She became a lay Salesian cooperator and according to the Vatican lived the last 13 years of her life eating only the bread and wine of Communion. She was beatified in 2004.
    (AP, 4/25/04)

1906        Apr 13, There was a mutiny on the Portuguese battleships Dom Carlos and Vasco da Gama.
    (MC, 4/13/02)

1908        Feb 1, Carlos I (44), King of Portugal (1889-1908), assassinated by mob.
    (MC, 2/1/02)

1910        Nov 9, France, Spain, Norway, Belgium, Germany, Russia, and Great Britain established diplomatic relations with the new republic of Portugal.
    (HN, 11/9/98)

1910        Manuel II, Portugal’s last king, was overthrown and went into exile in England.
    (SSFC, 9/29/02, p.C12)

1911        Jan 5, Portugal expelled the Jesuits.
    (MC, 1/5/02)

1911        Apr 30, Portugal approved woman suffrage.
    (MC, 4/30/02)

1916        Mar 9, Germany declared war on Portugal.
    (HN, 3/9/98)

1917        May 13, Three peasant children near Fatima, Portugal, reported seeing a vision of the Virgin Mary. Francisco and Jacinta Marto and Lucia de Santos (d.2005) later reported appearances on 5 more occasions. Dos Santos was said by believers to be the main recipient of prophecies from the Virgin about key 20th century events. The Vatican said the 1st secret foretold the end of World War I and that the 2nd predicted the spread and collapse of Communism and the conversion of Russia. In 2000 the Vatican disclosed that the so-called 3rd Secret of Fatima was a vision of an attempt to kill a pope. It was reportedly associated to the May 13, 1981, assassination attempt. In 2000 the Vatican unveiled the 62-line handwritten account of Lucia de Jesus dos Santos.
    (AP, 5/13/97)(SFEC, 5/14/00, p.A2)(SFC, 6/27/00, p.A12)

1918        Dec 14, Sidonio Pais, prince of Portugal, was murdered.
    (MC, 12/14/01)

1919        May 29, A solar eclipse occurred that was photographed by two British expeditions, one in Africa and the other in Sobral, Brazil. Arthur Eddington, British astronomer, confirmed Einstein’s prediction of the deflection of light from Principe, a Portuguese island off the Atlantic coast of Africa. In 1980 Harry Colling and Trevor Pinch published "The Golem," an account of the expedition. The play “Rose Tattoo" by Tennessee (Thomas Lanier) Williams was originally titled “The Eclipse of May 29, 1919."
    (SFC, 10/12/96, p.E3)(www.bun.kyoto-u.ac.jp/~suchii/Edd.on1919.html)

1926        May 31, Portuguese president Bernardino Machedo resigned after coup.
    (MC, 5/31/02)

1932        Jul 5, Antonio de Oliveira Salazar became premier and dictator of Portugal.
    (MC, 7/5/02)

1933        Aug 30, Portuguese dictator Salazar formed secret police (PIDE).
    (MC, 8/30/01)

1933        Antonio Salazar began his 41-year conservative dictatorship.
    (SFC, 10/9/98, p.A2)

1935        Nov 30, Fernando Pessoa (b.1888), Portuguese poet, died.
    (Econ, 10/04/08, p.92)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fernando_Pessoa)

1936        Maria Severa, the 1st great fadista, died. Fado music is about heartsickness and yearning and has been called the "Portuguese blues."
    (SSFC, 1/28/01, p.T10)

1939        Jun 28, Pan American Airways began regular trans-Atlantic passenger air service as the "Dixie Clipper" left Port Washington, N.Y., for Portugal.
    (AP, 6/28/99)(NPub, 2002, p.13)

1936        Portuguese neurologist Antonio Egas Moniz (1874-1955) performed the first prefrontal brain lobotomy. It was later rejected as a valid medical technique. Moniz won the Nobel Prize in 1949 for his development of prefrontal leucotomy (lobotomy).
    (www.britannica.com/nobel/micro/186_81.html)

1940        In France Aristides de Sousa Mendes (1885-1954), a Portuguese diplomat posted in Bordeaux, issued 30,000 visas to Jews and 20,000 to other refugees against the instructions of his government. Dictator Antonio Salazar responded by removing him from the diplomatic corps, denying him a pension and blacking out his actions from official state records.
    (SFC, 9/7/96, p.A13)(SFC, 9/9/96, p.A16)(SFC, 2/19/09, p.B5)

1941        Japan invaded Indonesia and ended the Dutch era of colonial power. East Timor, under Portuguese for some 400 years, was also invaded.
    (SFC, 10/12/96, p.A13)

1946        Feb 8, Premier Salazar of Portugal forbade opposition parties.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1947        Jose Saramago, a metalworker of Portugal, authored his first novel "Terra do Pecado" (Country of Sin). He won the Nobel Prize for literature in 1998.
    (USAT, 10/9/98, p.16A)(SFC, 10/9/98, p.A2)

1949        Apr 4, The (NATO) North Atlantic Treaty Organization pact was signed by the US, Great Britain, France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Italy, Portugal, Denmark, Iceland, Norway and Canada. It provided for mutual defense against aggression and for close military cooperation.
    (www.nato.int/cps/en/natolive/official_texts_17120.htm)(TOH, 1982, p.1949)

1949        Portuguese neurologist Antonio Egas Moniz (1874-1955) won the Nobel Prize in Medicine for his pioneering work in prefrontal brain lobotomy. It was later rejected as a valid medical technique.
    (SFEC,11/2/97, Z1 p.6)(WUD, 1994, p.925)(SFC, 10/8/01, p.A17)

1951        Jun 11, Mozambique became an oversea province of Portugal.
    (SC, 6/11/02)

1953        Nov 8, Salazar's party won all parliament seats in Portugal.
    (MC, 11/8/01)

1954        Apr 3, Aristides de Sousa Mendes (b.1885), former Portuguese consul general in Bordeaux, France, died in poverty. He is credited with defying his government’s orders and saving 10,000 European Jews and some 20,000 other nationals by issuing transit visas to “undesirables" fleeing the Nazis during WW II.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aristides_de_Sousa_Mendes)(SFC, 2/19/09, p.B5)

1954        Portugal’s control of its Silvassa, India, enclave ended.
    (Econ, 8/11/12, p.56)

1958        Dictator Antonio Salazar appointed Gen Costa Gomes as undersecretary of state for the armed forces.
    (SFC, 8/4/01, p.E2)

1959        Nov 20, Seven European nations (Austria, Britain, Denmark, Norway, Portugal, Sweden, Switzerland) signed the Stockholm Convention to form the European Free Trade Association (EFTA). The organization becoming operative on May 3 1960.
    (www.iceland.org/efta/the-mission/int-organizations/efta/)

1959        In Portugal the first stations of Lisbon’s underground were opened. They were all decorated by contemporary artists working in tiles.
    (Econ, 6/12/10, p.96)

1961        Jan 22, A Portuguese ocean liner, the "Santa Maria," was hijacked in the Caribbean with some 600 passengers aboard; the drama ended eleven days later when the ship docked in Brazil.
    (AP, 1/22/01)

1961        Jan 30, Dorothy Thompson (b.1893), American journalist and radio broadcaster, died in Lisbon, Portugal. In 1939 she was recognized by Time magazine as the second most influential women in America next to Eleanor Roosevelt. In 2011 Susan Hertog authored “Dangerous Ambition: Rebecca West and Dorothy Thompson, New Women in Search of Love and War."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dorothy_Thompson)(Econ, 12/31/11, p.69)

1961        Feb 4, In the Portuguese colony of Angola fighting erupted as 3 anti-colonial guerrilla movements battled for independence. Rebels butchered Portuguese settlers, including women and children, on remote Angolan plantations. In revenge, Portuguese militias and troops carried out a vicious campaign of repression, despite pressure from the US and UN to pull out of Africa.
    (SFC, 4/5/02, p.A11)(AP, 12/9/07)(Econ, 9/3/11, p.46)

1961        May 28, Amnesty International, a human rights organization, was founded. It won a Nobel Prize in 1977. Amnesty Int’l. was spawned when British lawyer Peter Benenson learned that two students in Portugal had been imprisoned for seven years for drinking a toast to liberty despite being under a dictatorship.
    (HN, 5/28/98)(AP, 11/20/12)

1961        Portugal engaged in wars against independence movements in 5 African colonies.
    (SFC, 8/4/01, p.E2)
1961        India wrested Goa and Diu from Portugal.
    (SSFC, 3/19/06, p.F6)

1967        Nov 26, Cloudburst over Lisbon, Portugal, killed 250-450.
    (MC, 11/26/01)(AP, 11/26/02)

1968        Mar 3, The embassies of Greece, Portugal and Spain were bombed in the Hague.
    (http://1968ineurope.sneakpeek.de/index.php/chronologies/index/42)

1968        Sep 27, Portugal’s President Americo Thomaz replaced PM Antonio de Oliveira Salazar with Marcelo Caetano after Salazar suffered a major stroke, caused by his falling from a chair in his summer house.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ant%C3%B3nio_de_Oliveira_Salazar)

1970        Jul 27, Antonio de Oliveira Salazar (b.1889), former dictator of Portugal (1932-68), died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ant%C3%B3nio_de_Oliveira_Salazar)

1972-1974    Gen. Costa Gomes served as commander in chief of the armed forces.
    (SFC, 8/4/01, p.E2)

1973        Sep 24, The PAIGC (African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde) declared the independence of Guinea-Bissau from Portugal. This became national day for Guinea-Bissau.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Guinea-Bissau)(SSFC, 9/22/13, p.M3)

1974        Feb, In Portugal Marshal Antonio de Spinola (1910-1996) published a critique of the dictatorship's African policy.
    (SFC, 8/15/96, p.C4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ant%C3%B3nio_de_Sp%C3%ADnola)

1974        Apr 25, Marshal Antonio de Spinola (1910-1996) was called to the barricades in Portugal to receive the surrender of the 41-year old regime of Antonio Salazar. Spinola was then named head of state by the 7-member military junta, which included Gen. Costa Gomes. The Carnation Revolution changed the Portuguese regime from an authoritarian dictatorship to a democracy after two years of a transitional period known as PREC (Processo Revolucionário Em Curso), characterized by social turmoil and power dispute between left and right wing political forces.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carnation_Revolution)(SFC, 8/12/99, p.D6)(SFC, 8/4/01, p.E2)

1974        Sep 30, In Portugal Marshal de Spinola (1910-1996) resigned as head of state in protest against rushed attempts to dismantle the colonial empire.
    (SFC, 8/15/96, p.C4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ant%C3%B3nio_de_Sp%C3%ADnola)

1974        The process of decolonization in Portuguese Timor began, following the change of government in Portugal in the wake of the Carnation Revolution.
    (SFC, 3/3/98, p.A6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/East_Timor)

1974-1975    Mario Soares served as foreign minister.
    (SFC, 4/19/00, p.A10)

1975        Jul 5, The Cape Verde Islands officially became independent after 500 years of Portuguese rule. Aristides Pereira, a former guerrilla fighter against the Portuguese colonial administration, became head of state following independence. He ruled until 1991 when he lost the country's first democratic elections.
    (SFC, 8/5/9, p.A8)(AP, 7/5/00)(AP, 9/22/11)

1975        Jul 12, The islands of Sao Tome and Principe achieved independence from Portugal.
    (AP, 7/18/03)

1975        Nov 25, The Portuguese Communist Party under Alvaro Cunhal attempted a coup in Lisbon with leftist army paratroops.
    (WSJ, 10/14/98, p.A22)

1975        Nov 28, After colonial rule collapsed East Timor proclaimed independence, but 10 days later it was invaded by Indonesia.
    (SFC, 7/21/96, zone 1, p.8)(SFC, 10/16/96, p.A18)   

1976        Jul 23, Mario Soares (b.1924) became Prime Minister of Portugal.
    (SFC, 4/19/00, p.A10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M%C3%A1rio_Soares)

1979        Jose Samarago won the Portuguese Critics Award and was sent by his editors on a cross-country road trip during which he authored "Journey to Portugal: In Pursuit of Portugal’s History and Culture."
    (SSFC, 3/4/01, BR p.3)

1979        Maria de Lourdes Pintasilgo (d.2004) served as Portugal's prime minister.
    (AP, 7/10/04)

1981        Gen. Francisco da Costa Gomes was promoted to marshal, Portugal’s highest military rank.
    (SFC, 8/4/01, p.E2)

1982        May 12, In Fatima, Portugal, security guards overpowered a Spanish ex-priest armed with a bayonet who was trying to reach Pope John Paul II. John Paul was visiting to give thanks for surviving an assassination attempt on May 13, 1981. Ultra-conservative Spanish priest, Juan Fernandez Krohn, lunged at the pope with a dagger and was knocked to the ground by police and arrested. The pope was wounded, but this was not disclosed until 2008.
    (AP, 10/12/97)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_John_Paul_II)(Reuters, 10/15/08)

1982        Portugal’s economics began a current account reversal.
    (Econ, 8/19/06, p.64)

1985        Mar 29-1985 Mar 30, A European Council is held in Brussels, Belgium. It accepts the adhesion of Spain and Portugal in the European Communities and agrees on the Integrated Mediterranean Programmes (IMP) as proposed by the Commission.
    (http://europa.eu.int/abc/history/1985/index_en.htm)

1985        Jun 12, Spain and Portugal signed Accession Treaties to the European Community.
    (http://europa.eu.int/abc/history/1985/index_en.htm)

1986        Feb 16, Mario Soares (b.1924), Socialist, was elected Portugal's 1st civilian president in the 2nd round of elections.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portuguese_presidential_election%2C_1986)

1986        Portugal and Spain entered the European Union expanding the membership to 12.
    (WSJ, 5/23/96, p.A-1)(SFC, 7/18/03, p.D5)(Econ, 6/13/09, SR p.3)

1986-1996    Mario Soares served as president of Portugal.
    (SFC, 4/19/00, p.A10)

1987        Apr 13, Portugal signed an agreement to return Macau to China in 1999.
    (http://tinyurl.com/kq3l5)

1987        Nov 10, The Bank of Portugal signed an agreement to join the European Monetary System (EMS).
    (http://europa.eu.int/abc/history/1987/index_en.htm)

1988        Aug 25, A major fire destroyed the historic center of Lisbon, Portugal.
    (www.reliefweb.int/rw/RWB.NSF/db900SID/ACOS-64CRPV?OpenDocument)

1989        Jun 19, The Spanish peseta entered the European Monetary System (EMS) exchange-rate mechanism; the composition of the ECU is adjusted following the inclusion of the Spanish peseta and the Portuguese escudo.
    (http://europa.eu.int/abc/history/1989/index_en.htm)

1989        Jose Saramago authored "The History of the Siege of Lisbon."
    (SFC, 10/9/98, p.A2)

1990        Jul 1, The first phase of the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) comes into force. Four Member States (Spain, Portugal, Greece and Ireland) are granted an exceptional regime given their insufficient progress towards financial integration.
    (http://europa.eu.int/abc/history/1990/index_en.htm)

1991        Jose Saramago (75) authored "The Gospel According to Jesus Christ."
    (SFC, 10/9/98, p.A2)

1992        Dec 11, Portugal ratifies the Treaty on the European Union.
    (http://europa.eu.int/abc/history/1992/index_en.htm)

1992        Dec 21, A Dutch DC-10 burst into fire at landing on Faro, Portugal, and 56 died.
    (http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19921221-0)

1995        Volkswagen built a large car factory near Lisbon, Portugal.
    (Econ, 1/15/11, p.78)

1996         Jan, Socialist Jorge Sampaio was elected president. He was the former major of Lisbon. The Socialists also recently won control of the parliament.
    (WSJ, 1/15/96, p. A-1)

1996        Jun 9, The latest unemployment rate was 8%.
    (SFC, 6/9/96, Par, p.9)

1996        The Rasin Embankment Building, home to a Dutch insurance company, was completed. It was co-designed by Frank Gehry and dubbed "the Dancing Building" because of its undulating lines.
    (SSFC, 1/28/01, p.T6)

1997        Apr 16, Gunmen burst into the Mea Culpa topless bar in Amarante and set it on fire killing 12 people.
    (SFC, 4/16/97, p.A12)

1997        Nov 6, Flooding of the Guadiana River killed 18 people in Badajoz, Spain. A total of 31 died along the Spanish-Portuguese border from the storm induced flood.
    (SFC,11/7/97, p.D3)

1998        Mar 29, The $1 billion, 10-mile Vasco da Gama bridge over the River Tagus opened in time to bring traffic from Spain for the Lisbon Expo.
    (SFC, 3/30/98, p.A10)

1998        May 21, In Portugal the 4-month Expo ‘98 was inaugurated in Lisbon. The theme of the fair expanded on the UN theme Int’l. Year of the Oceans. 15 million people were expected to visit with exhibits from almost 150 countries.
    (SFEC, 2/1/98, p.T6)(SFC, 5/22/98, p.D3)

1998        May 22, Just 12,000 people visited the Expo by midday on its first day. Organizers had predicted an average daily attendance of 140,000.
    (SFC, 5/23/98, p.A14)

1998        Sep 30, The end of Expo ‘98.
    (SFEC, 2/1/98, p.T6)

1998        Oct 8, The Nobel Prize for Literature was awarded to Jose Saramago (75) of Portugal. His work included "The History of the Siege of Lisbon" (1989), "Blindness," "Memorial do Convento" (Baltasar and Blimunda, 1982), "The Year of the Death of Ricardo Reis" (1984), "The Stone Raft" and "Journey to Portugal."
    (USAT, 10/9/98, p.16A)(SFC, 10/9/98, p.A2)

1998        Oct 18, In Oporto, Portugal, 21 member nations met for the Ibero-American summit. 19 Latin American countries were represented along with Spain and Portugal. A document was prepared urging the industrialized nations to help stave off economic recession.
    (SFEC, 10/18/98, p.A23)

1998        Oct 26, Jose Cardoso Pires, author, died at age 73. His work included "O Delfim," an account of life under the dictatorship of Antonio Salazar.
    (SFC, 10/27/98, p.B6)

1998        Nov 28, In Portugal the skeleton of a 4-year-old Paleolithic child was found in the Lapedo Valley. The Lagar Velho child was dated to about 23,000 BC and possibly represented a mixed Neanderthal and early human ancestry.
    (AM, 7/00, p.25)

1998        The book "Lisbon" by Julia Wilkinson was published by Lonely Planet.
    (SFEC, 7/12/98, p.T7)

1999        Jan 1, The Maastricht Treaty specified that a monetary union will be established by this date, and laid down several criteria that EU nations must fulfill in order to join. Some of the criteria included: maximum budget deficits of 3% of GDP, a cap on government debt of 60% of GDP. The European economic and monetary union (EMU) was scheduled to start with a new "Euro" currency. Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal and Spain made the transition. Public use was set for Jan 1, 2002.
    (WSJ, 9/25/95, p.A-12)(WSJ, 12/5/95, p.A-14)(SFC, 11/16/96, p.A1)(SFC, 1/1/99, p.A8)

1999        Apr 23, The foreign ministers of Indonesia and Portugal completed an agreement for the people of East Timor to vote on their future.
    (SFC, 4/24/99, p.A14)

1999        May 5, Indonesia and Portugal signed accords to enable the people of East Timor to vote on independence Aug 8.
    (SFC, 5/6/99, p.A15)

1999        Oct 6, Amalia Rodrigues (b.1920), Portuguese actress and fado singer, died at age 79.
    (SFC, 10/11/99, p.A24)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Am%C3%A1lia_Rodrigues)

1999        Oct 11, In Portugal the Socialist Party returned to power with a 44% vote in the elections giving them 111 seats in the 230 seat Assembly. The Social Democrats won 32% and got 79 seats.
    (SFC, 10/11/99, p.A16)

1999        Dec 20, Macao, a enclave of 430,000 under Portugal, reverted to Chinese control. Edmond Ho, local banker, took over to head the new government. Local autonomy was to be had for at least 50 years.
    (WSJ, 10/26/95, p.A-18)(SFEC, 12/19/99, p.A28)(SFC, 12/20/99, p.A10)

2000        Mar, EU leaders met in Lisbon, Portugal, and agreed to turn Europe into the world’s most competitive economy by 2010. this became known as the Lisbon Agenda.
    (Econ, 3/19/05, p.15)(Econ, 3/25/06, p.58)

2000        Apr 16, In Portugal 7 people were killed in a stampede at the Luanda nightclub in Lisbon after canisters thought to contain pepper gas were released.
    (SFC, 4/17/00, p.A12)

2000        May 30, Pres. Clinton traveled to Portugal for talks with the EU and met with Pres. Jorge Sampaio at the Belem Palace outside of Lisbon.
    (SFC, 5/31/00, p.A10)

2000        Nov 24, Germany and the Portuguese Azores Islands recorded new cases of mad cow disease. Main land Portugal has reported 467 cases since 1990.
    (SFC, 11/25/00, p.A16)

2001        Jan 14, Pres. Sampaio won re-election with 55.8% of the vote. The turnout was a record low.
    (WSJ, 1/15/01, p.A1)

2001        Jan 24, Portugal Telecom and Spain’s Telefonica announced today the formation of a US$ 10 billion Strategic Joint Venture ("JV") for mobile services in Brazil. The resulting entity, named Vivo, was formed from seven assorted mobile units they already controlled.
    (Econ, 5/22/10, p.71)(http://tinyurl.com/2cxlgd4)

2001        Feb, Workers began felling trees for a new reservoir to be created by a 315-foot-high dam across the Guadiana River.
    (SFC, 2/13/01, p.D3)

2001        Mar 4, In Portugal a bridge over the Douro River near Penafiel collapsed and at least 70 people in a bus and 2 cars plunged into the river and were killed.
    (SFC, 3/5/01, p.A12)(WSJ, 3/5/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 3/6/01, p.A1)

2001        Jul 1, In Portugal a nationwide law took effect to decriminalize the personal use and possession of all drugs.
    (Econ, 8/29/09, p.43)(www.cato.org/pub_display.php?pub_id=10080)

2001        Jul 31, Gen. Francisco da Costa Gomes died at age 87. He had helped transition Portugal to a democracy.
    (SFC, 8/4/01, p.E2)

2001        Dec 16, The Social Democratic Party lost heavily to the Socialists in local elections. PM Antonio Guterres resigned following the results.
    (SFC, 12/18/01, p.A7)

2002        Mar 17, In Portugal the Social Democrats won elections with 40% of the vote to 37.85% for the Socialists. The SD gained 102 seats and the Popular Party won 14 giving them a majority in the 230-seat parliament. Jose Manuel Durao Barroso became prime minister.
    (SFC, 3/18/02, p.A5)(Econ, 3/27/04, p.51)

2002        Sep 7, In Portugal the town of Reguengos de Monsaraz openly flouted a new bullfighting law, killing a bull in the ring without government permission, and selling the beef for human consumption afterward. The matador and the festival organizers will be arraigned in the first legal test of the new anti-bullfighting law. Killing in the bullring had been banned since 1928. However, Parliament voted in July to allow bulls to be put to death, but only in cities and towns that have carried on the bullfighting tradition for 50 years or more.
    (AP, 9/8/02)

2002        Sep 18, Abu Salem, alleged terrorist mastermind, Mafia boss and one of India's most wanted men, was arrested in Portugal. Salem is accused by Indian police of being involved in the country's worst bombing attack, which killed 257 people in Bombay in 1993, as well as a string of murder and extortion cases.
    (AP, 9/20/02)

2002        Dec 10, In Portugal a national strike forced schools to cancel classes, reduced hospital care to emergency treatment, left garbage uncollected and clogged roads with traffic as most public transport stopped running.
    (AP, 12/10/02)

2002        Antonio Lobos Antunes authored his novel "The Return of the Caravels." It reflected the use of modernist narrative collage technique.
    (SSFC, 3/10/02, p.M3)

2003        Aug 3, The worst wildfires in 20 years raged across central Portugal, killing at least nine people. The fires this year killed 18 people and destroyed 1.05 million acres of forest.
    (AP, 8/4/03)(Econ, 8/27/05, p.42)

2003        Sep 12, In Portugal's Madeira Islands a small airplane crashed into the sea, apparently killing all nine people on board. The Beechcraft 200 was carrying eight Spaniards and a British pilot from the islands off northwest Africa to the southern Spanish city of Malaga.
    (AP, 9/12/03)

2003        Dec 29, In Portugal 9 men and one woman were charged with sexually abusing minors and adolescents, rape and organizing a pedophile ring at the state-run Casa Pia home. Among those indicted were 2 popular television personalities, a lawmaker and a retired ambassador.
    (AP, 12/30/03)

2004        Jul 10, Maria de Lourdes Pintasilgo (74), the only woman to serve as Portugal's prime minister (1979), died of heart failure.
    (AP, 7/10/04)

2004        Jul 18, Pedro Santana Lopes was sworn in as PM of Portugal's 16th constitutional government at a ceremony with President Jorge Sampaio.
    (AP, 7/18/04)

2004        Nov, Manuel Durao Barroso, former PM of Portugal, took over as head of the European Commission.
    (Econ, 2/19/05, p.52)

2005        Jan 1, Portugal was forecast for 2.3% annual GDP growth with a population at 10.4 million and GDP per head at $17,680.
    (Econ, 1/8/05, p.89)

2005        Jan 4, Portugal’s national meteorology office said many regions, including the southernmost province of Algarve, the country's main tourism center, are facing their worst drought in over a decade.
    (AP, 1/5/05)

2005        Feb 20, Portugal voted in an early general election. Socialists led by Jose Socrates swept PM Pedro Santana Lopes' centre-right Social Democrats from office on the back of rising unemployment.
    (AFP, 2/20/05)(Econ, 2/26/05, p.49)

2005        Mar 12, In Portugal Jose Socrates was sworn in as PM vowing to keep friendly ties with the US despite naming a foreign minister who has compared Pres. Bush to Adolf Hitler.
    (AP, 3/12/05)

2005        May, In Portugal an audit estimated that the nation’s deficit could reach 7% of GDP this year, well over the 1999 EU limit of 3%.
    (Econ, 5/28/05, p.53)

2005        Jun 11, Vasco Goncalves (83), former Portugal prime minister (1974-1975), died. He played a key part in the 1974 April revolution that toppled 48 years of right-wing dictatorship.
    (AP, 6/11/05)

2005        Jun 13, Alvaro Cunhal (91), Portuguese Communist leader, died. He led Portugal's CP for half a century and became a national hero after the overthrow of the country's dictatorship.
    (AP, 6/13/05)

2005        Jun 22, The European Union's head office told Portugal to cut its burgeoning budget deficit and public debt, saying the country's economic slowdown was no excuse for violating euro-zone rules on sound finances.
    (AP, 6/22/05)

2005        Aug 13, Fires at a rate of 400 per day began breaking out in Portugal.
    (Econ, 8/27/05, p.42)

2005        Aug 22, In Portugal wildfires fanned by high winds burned out of control, destroying more than 10 houses on the outskirts of Coimbra, Portugal's third-largest city, forcing 50 people to leave their homes amid the country's worst drought in years.
    (AP, 8/22/05)

2005        Oct 2, Portuguese Prime Minister Jose Socrates met Libyan leader Moamer Kadhafi in Tripoli, as Libya continues its bid to warm relations with the West.
    (AP, 10/2/05)

2005        Oct 3, In northern and central Portugal 11 wildfires burned out of control amid the country's worst drought on record.
    (AP, 10/4/05)

2005        Nov 18, In Afghanistan a Portuguese soldier was killed and three others were wounded when an explosion struck their vehicles outside Kabul.
    (AP, 11/18/05)

2005        Dec 10, China and Portugal vowed to boost their economic cooperation in resource-rich former Portuguese colonies in Africa as the premiers of the two nations attended a business conference in Lisbon.
    (AFP, 12/10/05)

2006        Jan 22, Portugal voted in a presidential election. Anibal Cavaco Silva (66), a former centre-right prime minister (1985-1995), won over his five left-wing rivals. He has pledged to help lead Portugal out of an economic slump and supports deeper European Union integration.
    (AP, 1/23/06)

2006        Feb 21, Portugal's President Jorge Sampaio was granted honorary citizenship of East Timor as he began a three-day official trip to the former Portuguese colony.
    (AFP, 2/21/06)

2006        Feb 25, Portugal and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) signed an accord that could lead to technology partnerships in the Iberian nation.
    (AP, 2/25/06)

2006        Mar 31, A Portuguese court convicted 96 people, including 81 police officers, in a corruption case involving bribes for dismissed traffic fines.
    (AP, 3/31/06)

2006        May 25, PM John Howard increased Australia’s contingent to Timor-Leste to some 1,300 troops. 500 Malaysians and troops from New Zealand and Portugal were also deployed.
    (Econ, 6/3/06, p.15)

2006        Jun, Off the northern coast of Portugal Ocean Power Delivery began hooking up 3 Pelamis Wave Energy Converters to the national power grid. This was the first stage of a planned 24-megawatt wave-power farm.
    (Econ, 6/10/06, Survey p.11)

2006        Jul 5, France beat Portugal 1-0 and will play Italy for Soccer’s World Cup on July 9.
    (WSJ, 7/6/06, p.A1)

2006        Oct 23, Portuguese bank BPI said it will open 30 new branches in fast-growing Angola next year, bringing its total number of outlets in the oil-rich southwestern African nation to 100 by the end of 2007.
    (AP, 10/23/06)

2006        Nov 4, Swathes of Austria, Belgium, Croatia, France, Italy, Spain, Portugal, and the Netherlands and went dark for up to an hour in the late evening as cold Germans rushing to switch on heaters sucked up electricity from Europe's interconnected networks.
    (AP, 11/5/06)

2007        Feb 11, Portugal held a national referendum on whether to discard its strict abortion law, a battle that pits the Socialist government against conservative parties and the Catholic Church. Almost 60 percent of voters approved the referendum allowing women to opt for abortions up to the 10th week of pregnancy.
    (AP, 2/11/07)(AP, 2/12/07)

2007        Feb 12, Portugal's prime minister said he will enact more liberal abortion laws in the conservative Roman Catholic country even though his proposal to relax restrictions failed to win complete endorsement in a referendum.
    (AP, 2/12/07)

2007        Mar 8, Portugal's parliament voted overwhelmingly to legalize abortion up until the 10th week of pregnancy, a major step in bringing this small Roman Catholic nation in line with most of its European neighbors.
    (AP, 3/9/07)

2007        Mar 16, Portugal said it is closing its embassy in Baghdad because of security concerns.
    (AP, 3/16/07)

2007        May 3, Madeleine McCann (3), a British girl, was kidnapped from her bed in a Portuguese beach resort while her parents dined nearby.
    (Reuters, 5/5/07)

2007        Jun 21, Portugal introduced a new law that allows abortion up to the 10th week of pregnancy, but imposes a three-day reflection period for women seeking the procedure and grants doctors the right to opt out on moral grounds.
    (AP, 6/21/07)

2007        Jul 1, Portugal took over the rotating EU presidency.
    (Econ, 7/7/07, p.14)

2007        Jul 4, On the historic occasion of their first summit, the EU and Brazil decided to establish a comprehensive strategic partnership, based on their close historical, cultural and economic ties. Brazil and EU leaders met in Lisbon, Portugal.
    (www.eu2007.pt/UE/vEN/Noticias_Documentos/20070704BRSUM.htm)(Econ, 7/7/07, p.40)

2007        Sep 7, Portuguese police suggested that Kate McCann (39), the mother of a toddler whose disappearance sparked international headlines, accidentally killed her daughter Madeleine, who disappeared on May 3.
    (AFP, 9/7/07)

2007        Sep 9, The British couple named as suspects in the disappearance of their 4-year-old daughter returned to England, days after being grilled by Portuguese police about new forensic evidence authorities believe ties them to the case.
    (AP, 9/9/07)

2007        Oct 19,     European Union leaders in Portugal endorsed a reform treaty to replace their failed European constitution and give the 27-nation union a more influential say in world affairs. The new Treaty of Lisbon created 2 new posts, a European foreign minister in all but name and a new standing president of the European Council.
    (AP, 10/19/07)(Econ, 10/27/07, p.64)

2007        Oct 29, In Portugal senior officials from the EU, three US states (California, New York, New Jersey), Canada, Norway and New Zealand launched the International Carbon Action Partnership (ICAP), an international effort to fight climate change by building a global carbon trading market.
    (AP, 10/30/07)

2007        Oct, The first commercial wave farm was set up off the coast of Portugal. The system was created at Pelamis Wave Power, a firm based in Scotland.
    (Econ, 6/7/08, TQ p.22)

2007        Nov 5, A bus collided with a car on a highway in central Portugal and rolled down a slope, killing at least 12 people.
    (AP, 11/5/07)

2007        Nov 27, Mozambique formally took over from Portugal the control of Cahora Bassa hydroelectric dam, Africa's second most important after that of Aswan in Egypt.
    (AFP, 11/27/07)

2008        Jan 4, The annual 5,760 Dakar Rally was canceled on the eve of the race across the Sahara Desert because of terror threats and the recent Christmas Eve killings of a French family in Mauritania blamed on al-Qaida-linked militants. The race, organized by the France-based Amaury Sport Organization (ASO), had been due to start in Lisbon, Portugal, and finish in Dakar, Senegal, on Jan. 20.
    (AP, 1/4/08)(WSJ, 1/5/08, p.A1)

2008        Mar 24, Portugal's President Anibal Cavaco Silva began a 3-day official visit to Mozambique, where members of his government have signed four bilateral accords.
    (AFP, 3/25/08)

2008        Sep 23, Portugal's Socialist government began the roll-out of 500,000 ultra-cheap laptops for school children in a program that the government said could be extended to Venezuela. While the Magellan computer will be assembled in Portugal by a company called JP Sa Couto, it is based on Intel's Classmate PC, a cheap computer that has been adopted in various formats in countries such as Brazil and Indonesia.
    (Reuters, 9/23/08)

2008        Oct 10, Portugal's Parliament voted by a large majority against proposals to allow same-sex marriages in the mostly Roman Catholic country.
    (AP, 10/10/08)

2009        Jan 21, Portugal became the 3rd euro zone country this month, after Spain and Greece, to have its credit rating cut by Standard & Poor’s.
    (WSJ, 1/22/09, p.A9)

2009        Feb 17, In Portugal Conchita Cintron (b.1922), Peruvian-born matador, died. She faced her first bull at age 13 and made her premier at the main arena in Lima in 1937. She reportedly killed over 750 bulls during her career in Europe.
    (SFC, 2/20/09, p.B8)(Econ, 3/7/09, p.93)

2009        Mar 17, Portuguese police said they have captured more than 7.7 tons (7 metric tons) of hashish from Morocco with an estimated street value of more than euro70 million (US$91 million). Police said they netted the drug in a series of coordinated operations over three days beginning last weekend.
    (AP, 3/17/09)

2009        Apr 26, Pope Benedict XVI named five new saints, including Portugal's 14th century independence leader and an Italian priest who ministered to factory workers at the dawn of the industrial era.
    (AP, 4/26/09)

2009        May 1, Special forces on a Portuguese warship seized explosives from suspected Somali pirates after thwarting an attack on an oil tanker, but later freed the 19 men. Hours later and hundreds of miles away, another band of pirates hijacked a cargo ship. The captain and 23 crew were all Ukrainians and the Greek-owned, Maltese-flagged Ariana was carrying a cargo of soya from Brazil to Iran when pirates attacked it southwest of the Seychelles islands. The Ariana was freed on Dec 10 following a ransom payment of $2.8 million by Athens-based Alloceans Shipping.
    (AP, 5/2/09)(AP, 12/10/09)

2009        Jun 21, The Portuguese foreign minister said his country will take in 2-3 Guantanamo Bay detainees once they are released by the US detention camp.
    (AP, 6/21/09)

2009        Jun 22, Pirates off Somalia were chased down and captured by NATO’s Portuguese warship, the Corte-real, after an attempted hijacking of a Singaporean freighter.
    (SFC, 6/23/09, p.A2)

2009        Aug 7, Portugal said it has agreed to take two Syrian detainees from Guantanamo prison.
    (AP, 8/7/09)

2009        Aug 21, A landslide at Portugal’s Maria Luisa beach in Albufeira on the Algarve coast killed five people and injured at least four.
    (AP, 8/22/09)

2009        Aug 29, Portugal’s government said 2 Syrians previously held at Guantanamo Bay have arrived in Portugal as free men.
    (AP, 8/29/09)

2009        Sep 16, The European Parliament gave Jose Manuel Barroso another five-year term as European Commission president, but its vote reflected lingering misgivings about the conservative ex-Portuguese premier.
    (AP, 9/16/09)

2009        Sep 27, Portugal voted in parliamentary elections that are predicted to keep the Socialist Party in power despite the highest jobless rate in over 20 years. The center-left Socialist Party of PM Jose Socrates retained power winning 36.5% of the vote compared with 29% for the center-right Social Democratic Party. Turnout was about 60%.
    (AP, 9/27/09)(SFC, 9/28/09, p.A2)(Econ, 10/3/09, p.65)

2009        Portugal’s budget deficit for the year reached 9.3% of GDP.
    (Econ, 1/30/10, p.84)

2010        Jan 8, Portugal's parliament passed a bill that would make the predominantly Catholic nation the sixth in Europe to permit gay marriage.
    (AP, 1/8/10)

2010        Jan 9, Four suspected members of the Basque separatist group ETA were arrested in Portugal and France, one driving a van loaded with explosives near a police barracks. two police officers stopped the van in Spain when their suspicions were raised by its French license plates. The driver of the van then pushed passed the police and proceeded to flee the scene driving off in their patrol car which he stole. The police alerted their Portuguese counterparts who rapidly arrested the man and a woman, who had been following the van in a presumed getaway vehicle with French plates.
    (AP, 1/10/10)

2010        Feb 5, Portuguese police seized a large amount of explosives at a home being used by Basque separatist group ETA as a base to prepare attacks in neighboring Spain.
    (AP, 2/5/10)

2010        Feb 20, On Portugal’s Madeira Islands torrential flash floods and mudslides killed at least 42 people in the capital city of Funchal. The number of people missing soon rose to 29.
    (AP, 2/21/10)(AP, 2/22/10)(AP, 2/23/10)(AP, 2/25/10)

2010        Feb 28, A violent late winter storm named Xynthia battered France, Spain, Portugal and Germany with fierce rain and hurricane-strength winds. The storm smashed sea walls and killed at least 62 people across western Europe.
    (AP, 2/28/10)(AP, 3/1/10)(SFC, 3/2/10, p.A2)

2010        Mar 8, Portugal announced new austerity measures to avoid a debt crisis like the one engulfing Greece, cutting welfare benefits and government hiring as well as selling assets and raising taxes on the well-off.
    (AP, 3/8/10)

2010        Mar 24, Fitch Ratings, a leading credit rating agency, downgraded Portugal's debt amid growing concerns about the government's ability to service its borrowings, another piece of bad news for the eurozone as it struggles to deal with a debt crisis.
    (AP, 3/24/10)

2010        May 17, Portugal’s Pres. Anibal Cavaco Silva said he would not veto a new law allowing same-sex marriages because majority liberal lawmakers would only override his decision.
    (SFC, 5/18/10, p.A3)

2010        Jun 7, In Portugal a lesbian couple wed in the country’s first same-sex ceremony since the predominantly Catholic country introduced a law allowing gay marriage last month.
    (AP, 6/7/10)

2010        Jun 18, Jose Saramago (b.1922), 1998 Nobel-winning Portuguese writer, died at his home in the Canary Islands. His 1992 novel “The Gospel According to Jesus Christ" was condemned by Portugal’s ministry of culture as heretical. He accused the government of censorship and moved to the Canary Islands.
    (SFC, 6/19/10, p.C6)(Econ, 7/10/10, p.83)

2010        Aug 14, In Portugal more than 600 firefighters battled at least 26 serious wildfire outbreaks fanned by gusting winds in three separate areas.
    (AP, 8/14/10)

2010        Sep 3, A Portuguese court found six men and one woman guilty of crimes relating to child sex abuse in a major trial that lasted nearly six years. All seven defendants were found guilty of crimes including sexually abusing minors and adolescents, raping children and running a pedophile ring at the Casa Pia, a state-run children's home in Lisbon during the 1990s.
    (AP, 9/3/10)

2010        Sep 8, In northern Morocco 9 Portuguese tourists were killed and 14 injured when their tour bus plunged into a ravine.
    (AFP, 9/8/10)

2010        Oct 5, Portugal's Pres. Anibal Cavaco Silva opened a new cancer and neuroscience research center in Lisbon that aims to be among the world's best.
    (AP, 10/5/10)

2010        Oct 12, At the United Nations Colombia, Germany, India, Portugal and South Africa were elected to join the big guns on the UN Security Council for two years, starting in January.
    (http://news.yahoo.com/s/csm/20101012/ts_csm/331624)(Reuters, 10/13/10)

2010        Nov 7, In Portugal Chinese President Hu Jintao pledged to support Portugal's efforts to emerge from financial crisis, but he did not commit to purchasing Portuguese debt as was widely anticipated.
    (AFP, 11/7/10)

2010        Nov 19, NATO leaders began a 2-day meeting in Portugal. A top official said it will start drawing down its troops in Afghanistan next July and its combat role in the war-torn nation will end by 2014 or earlier so security can be turned over to the Afghans. NATO leaders planned to approve a new 10-year vision for NATO.
    (AP, 11/19/10)(Reuters, 11/19/10)

2010        Nov 20, NATO nations meeting in Portugal formally agreed to start turning over Afghanistan's security to its military next year and give them full control by 2014. The US and its allies appeared to take conflicting views on when NATO combat operations would end. NATO Secretary-General Anders Fogh Rasmussen said he did not expect NATO troops to stay in the fight against the Taliban after 2014. Russia was receptive but stopped short of accepting a historic NATO invitation to join a missile shield protecting Europe against Iranian attack.
    (AP, 11/20/10)(Reuters, 11/20/10)

2010        Nov 24, Portuguese labor unions mounted a general strike, pressing the government to scrap austerity measures intended to ward off a debt crisis spreading through the euro zone.
    (Reuters, 11/24/10)

2010        Nov 26, Portugal adopted a raft of debt-reducing austerity measures, which the government claimed would be enough to restore market confidence in its public finances without resorting to a bailout.
    (AP, 11/26/10)

2010        Nov 30, Investors sold off government bonds from Spain, Portugal and Italy amid worries that Europe's debt crisis has not been contained by Ireland's bailout but will force more expensive rescue efforts.
    (AP, 11/30/10)

2010        Dec 1, Portugal suffered another blow when its borrowing costs rose sharply in a government Treasury bill auction, but officials insisted the debt-ridden country could survive without an international bailout.
    (Reuters, 12/1/10)

2011        Jan 7, In NYC Carlos Castro (65), a gay Portuguese TV reporter, was found castrated and bludgeoned to death at the InterContinental Hotel. His young boyfriend, model Renato Seabra (21) was arrested by police.
    (SSFC, 1/9/11, p.A11)

2011        Jan 10, Portugal's borrowing rates briefly spiked to euro-era highs amid reports that Germany and France are pushing it to accept outside help to avoid contagion.
    (AP, 1/10/11)

2011        Jan 11, Portugal insisted it doesn't need a bailout and criticized its European partners for not doing enough to shield the euro from a debt crisis that has already forced Greece and Ireland to seek outside help.
    (AP, 1/11/11)

2011        Jan 23, Portuguese voted in an election looking certain to return President Anibal Cavaco Silva for a second term, a result that would uphold the government's efforts to avoid an international financial bailout.
    (Reuters, 1/23/11)

2011        Mar 9, Portugal's two-year cost of borrowing hit the highest level since it joined the euro in a bond auction. The government said yields were unsustainable in the long run without Europe-wide action.
    (Reuters, 3/9/11)

2011        Mar 12, In Portugal some 30,000 young people rallied in Lisbon to vent frustration over grim career prospects.
    (SSFC, 3/13/11, p.A4)

2011        Mar 23, Portugal’s PM Jose Socrates resigned after parliament rejected new austerity measures that his government unveiled to avoid being forced to seek EU/IMF financial assistance.
    (Reuters, 3/24/11)

2011        Mar 24, Portugal's financial collapse appeared inevitable, as markets took the government's resignation as proof the debt-heavy country will lose its year-long battle to avoid a bailout and deliver another setback to Europe's efforts to boost confidence in the euro.
    (AP, 3/24/11)

2011        Mar 25, European leaders agreed a new package of anti-crisis measures at a two-day summit, but were forced to delay increasing their rescue fund and acknowledged they faced new threats from a government collapse in Portugal.
    (Reuters, 3/25/11)

2011        Mar 28, Portugal's financial tailspin gathered speed despite political efforts to contain the acute debt crisis that is also unnerving the 17-nation eurozone.
    (AP, 3/28/11)

2011        Apr 1, Debt-stressed Portugal got some respite from its financial troubles when it managed to borrow euro1.645 billion ($2.3 billion) in a bond auction.
    (AP, 4/1/11)

2011        Apr 6, Portugal applied to the EU for help after paying prohibitively high interest rates to raise badly needed fresh funds to cover mounting debt as the market bet it will have to seek a bailout sooner rather than later.
    (AFP, 4/6/11)(Econ, 4/9/11, p.81)

2011        Apr 8, Europe's top financial officials said that debt-ridden Portugal will need around euro80 billion ($114 billion) in rescue loans and that negotiations over a full, multiyear bailout program will begin immediately.
    (AP, 4/8/11)

2011        May 3, Portugal announced a bailout of 78 billion euros by the IMF, the EU and the European Central Bank to avoid default. The conditions as well as the key reaction of opposition parties remain unclear.
    (AFP, 5/4/11)

2011        May 5, Officials said Portugal will get IMF loans at rates similar to those granted to Greece and Ireland, but Lisbon is still waiting for fellow European countries to decide how much they'll charge for their slice of a euro78 billion ($115 billion) bailout.
    (AP, 5/5/11)

2011        May 20, The IMF approved providing Portugal with $36.8 billion as part of a rescue package to help the country tackle its debt.
    (SFC, 5/21/11, p.D2)

2011        Jun 5, Portugal voted in an early election to decide who implements a 78 billion euro bailout deal, with the opposition favorites to win after six years of Socialist rule and near financial collapse. The Social Democratic Party, led by Pedro Passos Coelho (46), elected 105 lawmakers to the 230-seat parliament compared to 73 for the 2nd place socialists.
    (AFP, 6/5/11)(SFC, 6/6/11, p.A4)(Econ, 6/11/11, p.56)

2011        Jun 21, Portugal's new coalition government took office, charged with steering the debt-heavy country out of an acute financial crisis that forced it to take a euro78 billion ($112 billion) bailout and contributed to Europe's debt woes.
    (AP, 6/21/11)

2011        Jul 5, Moody’s Investor Service cut Portugal’s debt to junk status, a decision condemned by all of Europe. Europe Central Bank pres. Jean-Claude Trichet called for a European-based rating agency.
    (SSFC, 7/10/11, p.A4)

2011        Sep 26, In Portugal George Wright (68), named as one of the hijackers of a Delta flight in 1972, was taken into custody by local police. The US government sought his extradition for escaping from a New Jersey jail after being convicted of murder. Wright was convicted of the 1962 murder of gas station owner Walter Patterson, a decorated World War II veteran shot during a robbery at his business in Wall, New Jersey. In November a Lisbon court denied the US request for his extradition.
    (AP, 9/28/11)(AP, 11/17/11)

2011        Oct 24, In Portugal an overnight storm tore part of the roof off Faro airport in the southern Algarve region, injuring five people and disrupting flights.
    (AP, 10/24/11)

2011        Nov 24, Portugal’s credit rating was downgraded to junk status and a major strike gave voice to broad public outrage over  austerity measures that have squeezed living standards.
    (SFC, 11/25/11, p.A8)

2011        Maria Antonia Pinto de Matos of Lisbon authored “The RA Collection of Chinese Ceramics: A Collector’s Vision."
    (Econ, 11/19/11, p.97)

2012        Jan 13, France was stripped of its top-notch credit rating by Standard & Poor’s. S&P downgraded 8 other countries including Austria, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Malta, Cyprus, Slovakia and Slovenia.
    (SFC, 1/14/12, p.A2)(SSFC, 1/15/12, p.A5)

2012        Oct 4, Transport strikes in Portugal brought misery for thousands of commuters. Trade unions vowed to step up their fight against the government's latest batch of austerity measures.
    (AP, 10/4/12)

2012        Nov 14, Workers across the European Union sought to present a united front against rampant unemployment and government spending cuts with a string of strikes and demonstrations across the region. In Belgium a 24-hour rail stoppage and scattered strikes through the south of the nation disrupted daily life. A Spanish strike shut down most schools and while hospitals operated with a skeleton staff. In Portugal the second general strike in eight months left commuters stranded as trains ground to a virtual halt.
    (AP, 11/14/12)

2013        Feb 11, Angola received a boost to its free speech from the Portuguese courts, which refused to allow Angolan generals to stop the publication of the book “"Blood Diamonds: Corruption and Torture in Angola" by Rafael Marques. It exposed corruption and human rights abuses in the country's lucrative diamond mines.
    (AP, 2/13/13)

2013        Mar 23, Spanish, Portuguese and British police boarded a ship loaded with nearly two tons of cocaine destined for sale in Europe and arrested nine people. The ship was in the Atlantic Ocean, some 700 miles southwest of Portugal's Cape Verde islands.
    (AP, 3/24/13)

2013        Apr 5, Portugal’s constitutional court struck down previously planned cuts in public sector pay, pensions and benefits.
    (Econ, 4/13/13, p.54)

2013        Apr 12, European Union finance ministers said they've agreed to extend the repayment of emergency loans to Ireland and Portugal for a further seven years, easing the pressure on both countries to exit their bailout programs and resume normal borrowing.
    (AP, 4/12/13)

2013        May 29, The EU granted France, Spain, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal and Slovenia more time to bring their budget deficits under control to support the bloc's shrinking economy. The European Commission approved France’s request to postpone by 2 years the target of cutting its budget deficit to 3% of GDP.
    (AP, 5/29/13)(Econ, 6/1/13, p.55)

2013        May 30, In Portugal a 24-hour strike by Lisbon subway staff snarled rush-hour traffic, heralding a new spate of planned strikes against the bailed-out country's austerity policies.
    (AP, 5/30/13)

2013        Jun 4, Brazilian police said they have dismantled an international drug trafficking ring that for almost two years sent cocaine from Colombia and Bolivia to Portugal hidden in crates containing frozen fish.
    (AP, 6/4/13)

2013        Jun 27, Portuguese unions halted public transport in a peaceful one-day strike against austerity measures which have led to the worst economic slump since the 1970s and sent unemployment to record levels.
    (Reuters, 6/27/13)

2013        Jul 5, Portugal's PM Pedro Passos Coelho reached a deal with the ruling coalition's junior partner CDS-PP to resolve a rift which has threatened the country's adjustment program under a bailout.
    (Reuters, 7/5/13)

2013        Jul 11, Portugal's Pres. Anibal Cavaco Silva threw the bailed-out euro zone country into disarray after rejecting a plan to heal a government rift, igniting what critics called a "time bomb" by calling for early elections next year.
    (Reuters, 7/11/13)

2013        Jul 22, Portuguese financial markets cheered the decision to allow the fragile coalition government to remain in charge, eliminating for now the prospect of snap elections and more political uncertainty.
    (AP, 7/22/13)

2013        Aug 27, In Portugal and Spain firefighters and local residents struggled to tackle raging wildfires that have consumed large swathes of forest, claiming the lives of 4 emergency workers. Almost 31,000 hectares (77,000 acres) of Portugal's countryside has already been destroyed by fire this year.
    (AFP, 8/27/13)

2013        Sep 29, Portugal held municipal elections. The government said it won't stop its unpopular austerity measures, even if it's a big loser in the elections. The ruling Social Democrats took a heavy beating as voters passed their verdict on national austerity measures accompanying the country's 2011 bailout by international lenders.
    (AP, 9/29/13)(Reuters, 9/30/13)

2013        Oct 3, Officials said Portugal has passed the latest test of its compliance with the terms of its bailout and qualified for around 5.5 billion euros ($7.5 billion) in further funding from creditors.
    (AP, 10/3/13)

2013        Oct 19, Thousands of Portuguese protested against new wage and pension cuts in the country's 2014 budget and demanded the resignation of the government.
    (Reuters, 10/19/13)

2013        Oct 24, Portuguese authorities said prosecutors have ordered police to reopen their investigation into the six-year-old disappearance of British girl Madeleine McCann after a review of the evidence found new leads.
    (AP, 10/24/13)

2013        Oct 31, In Portugal Lisbon subway workers walked off the job for the fifth time this year to protest government austerity measures being enacted in return for Portugal's 2011 bailout.
    (AP, 10/31/13)

2013        Nov 8, In Portugal a 24-hour strike by government workers disrupted public services as labor groups continue their battle against pay and pension cuts and the loss of entitlements.
    (AP, 11/8/13)

2013        Dec 14, In Portugal a group of students plunged into the winter surf off Meco, a small village south of Lisbon where they had rented a house. Over the next 12 days their corpses were discovered one by one. Four women and two men perished, all aged between 21 and 24.
    (AFP, 1/28/14)

2013        Dec 17, Guinea-Bissau's Interior Minister Antonio Suka Ntchama became the second minister to step down in the tiny West African country amid an investigation into how 74 Syrians boarded a flight to Portugal with fake passports.
    (Reuters, 12/18/13)

2014        Jan 5, Portuguese football legend Eusebio (71), the top scorer in the 1966 World Cup, died. The Mozambique-born striker made his name at Benfica, winning 11 league titles and one European Cup during a 15-year spell there.
    (AFP, 1/5/14)

2014        Jun 12, Portugal's government said it is forgoing the final 2.6 billion-euro ($3.5 billion) instalment of its three-year bailout package because it cannot meet creditors' deadlines for the latest promised austerity measures, which have run into legal challenges.
    (AP, 6/12/14)

2014        Aug 3, Portugal’s Banco Espirito Santo (BES), 20% owned by the Espirito Santo family, was restructured following losses of $4.9b.
    (Econ, 8/9/14, p.60)

2014        Aug 9, In Portugal dozens of flights were cancelled as pilots from the national TAP airline took strike action over working conditions.
    (AFP, 8/9/14)

2014        Sep 24, Nurses in Portugal began a 48-hour strike over pay, working hours and what they say is an acute shortage of staff in the public health service.
    (AP, 9/24/14)

2014        Oct 5, In Portugal hundreds of teachers from across the country demonstrated in Lisbon to protest government education policies, especially spending cuts.
    (SFC, 10/6/14, p.A2)

2014        Oct 21, The Portuguese government's plan to privatize debt-heavy public transport companies met tough opposition from trade unions as Lisbon subway workers walked off the job for the 12th time this year.
    (AP, 10/21/14)

2014        Nov 10, Portuguese health authorities said an outbreak of Legionnaire's disease has caused five deaths and sickened about 38 people over the past week in a cluster of small towns about 35 km (20 miles) north of Lisbon.
    (AP, 11/11/14)

2014        Nov 13, In Portugal police detained 11 people, including the head of the border agency. Police suspected that some properties bought to obtain a golden visa may have gone for less than the required €500,000 minimum. On Nov 16 interior minister Miguel Macedo resigned.
    (Econ, 11/22/14, p.48)

2014        Nov 15, Portuguese and Spanish police said they have arrested 15 people, including two Spanish police, on suspicion of trying to smuggle 2.1 metric tons of hashish into Spain hidden inside a concrete mixer truck.
    (AP, 11/15/14)

2014        Nov 21, Portuguese police arrested former Socialist PM Jose Socrates (57) and three other people in an investigation of suspected tax fraud, corruption and money-laundering.
    (Reuters, 11/22/14)

2014        Nov 27, Portuguese police said they have seized around 20 metric tons of hashish from a fishing vessel at sea, despite the crew's efforts to sink the ship by exploding a drum of gas.
    (AP, 11/27/14)

2014        Dec 2, Portugal's national airline endured its fifth walkout this year, with a 24-hour strike by cabin crew grounding around 200 flights.
    (AP, 12/2/14)

2015        Mar 3, Portuguese PM Pedro Passos Coelho admitted he is "not perfect" after it was revealed over the weekend that he failed to pay his social security contributions during five years, before he came to office.
    (AP, 3/3/15)

2015        Mar 4, France, Portugal and Spain sealed the agreement on boosting energy cooperation in Madrid as a major step toward breaking Europe's dependence on Russian gas supplies.
    (AP, 3/5/15)

2015        Apr 2, In Portugal a rail strike began. The Federation of Transport and Communications Unions says rail company Comboios de Portugal is not paying the full amount due to workers for vacation pay and for working on public holidays.
    (AP, 4/2/15)

2015        Apr 30, Portugal's government appealed to pilots at flag carrier TAP to call off a 10-day strike that it says would damage tourism and could ruin the airline, scuppering a privatization process scheduled to start next month.
    (Reuters, 4/30/15)

2015        May 19, In Portugal the Metropolitano de Lisboa shut down for 24 hours as staff kept up their fight to stop the government granting private companies concessions to operate services.
    (AP, 5/19/15)

2015        May, Portugal and Spain recorded record temperatures at levels noramlly only reached in mid-summer.
    (SFC, 5/16/15, p.A2)

2015        Jun 4, In Portugal nurses in the public health system began a 48-hour walkout to protest pay cuts and working conditions disrupting services at hospitals and health centers.
    (AP, 6/4/15)

2015        Jun 8, Portugal's finance ministry said it intends to pay back this month almost 2 billion euros ($2.2 billion) it owes to the International Monetary Fund.
    (AP, 6/8/15)

2015        Jun 17, In southern Portugal a bus carrying Dutch tourists crashed, killing 3 tourists and injuring 30 others and the Portuguese bus driver.
    (AP, 6/18/15)

2015        Jul 1, In Portugal a new law covering the so-called Golden Visa program, started three years ago, came into force. But the government failed to set required administrative procedures, leaving the Foreigners' Service unable to issue permits.
    (AP, 7/17/15)

2015        Jul 9, In Portugal Armando Vara (61), a deputy minister in two Socialist governments between 1995-2000, was arrested on suspicion of corruption, tax fraud and money-laundering. A court last year sentenced Vara to five years in prison for influence-peddling in a major corruption case but, as is usual in Portugal, he was set free while he awaits the outcome of his appeal.
    (AP, 7/10/15)

2015        Jul 17, Portugal's government said it has approved new procedures it hopes will remove legal obstacles that have halted granting residence permits to wealthy investors from outside the European Union. A new law covering the program came into force July 1. But the government failed to set required administrative procedures, leaving the Foreigners' Service unable to issue permits.
    (AP, 7/17/15)

2015        Jul 22, In Portugal lawmakers in the center-right government coalition used their majority to amend the 2007 law that granted abortion on demand up to the 10th week of pregnancy. Women seeking an abortion in Portugal will now have to pay for the procedure and attend mandatory prior counselling.
    (AP, 7/23/15)

2015        Aug 6, A report by Portugal's weather monitoring service said 79 percent of the country is experiencing severe or extreme drought conditions after eight months of below-average rainfall.
    (AP, 8/6/15)

2015        Aug 16, In Portugal former Serb army commander Mile Mrksic (68), serving a 20-year sentence for his role in the massacre of Croats during the Balkans wars, died in Lisbon. The former officer in the Yugoslav army (JNA), was convicted in 2007 by the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) for aiding and abetting the torture and murder of nearly 200 civilians in Vukovar in eastern Croatia in 1991.
    (AFP, 8/18/15)

2015        Oct 4, Portugal voted in an election seen as a test of four years of austerity, with the center-right coalition that pushed through the punishing bailout seen as the favorite, but unlikely to win a clear mandate.
    (AFP, 10/4/15)

Go to http://www.timelinesdb.com
Subject = Portugal
End of file.

privacy policy