c22,500BC Portuguese archeologists led by Dr. Joao
Zilhao found the skeleton of a young boy (the Lagar Velho child) in
the Lapedo Valley on Nov 28, 1998, who reportedly exhibited both
Neanderthal and Homo sapiens features, the first possible hybrid to
(SFEC, 4/25/99, p.A4)(AM, 7/00, p.25)
800BC-500BC Texts called
Southwest Script dating to this period were later discovered in
Portugal. Most experts have concluded they were authored by a people
called Tartessians, a tribe of Mediterranean traders who mined for
metal but disappeared after a few centuries. Some scientists have
proposed that the composers were other pre-Roman tribes, such as the
Conii or Cynetes, or maybe even Celts who roamed this far south.
218BCE Hannibal crossed Portugal on his way to
(SSFC, 9/29/02, p.C11)
711 Jul 9, Berbers under
Tarik-ibn Ziyad occupied Northern Spain. The Umayyads with the help
of the Berbers in North Africa moved across the Strait of Gibraltar
and began the conquest of Spain and Portugal. The Berber leader
Tarik crossed the Strait of Gibraltar and began the Muslim conquest
of Spain. The word Gibraltar comes from the term Jabal-al-Tarik,
which means the hill of Tarik. Gebel-al-Tarik means "Rock of Tarik."
(ATC, p.79)(Enc. of Africa, 1976, p.170)(SFEC,
9/29/96, Z1 p.2)(MC, 7/9/02)
900-1000 Viking longships entered the Douro River
mouth in Portugal. Their ships are believed to be the design form
from which the wine carrying boats "barcos rabelos" were designed.
(SFEC, 1/12/97, p.T7)
1064 Jun 9, Coimbra, Portugal,
fell to Ferdinand, the King of Castile.
1128 Jun 24, Afonso I of
Portugal defeated the army of his mother Theresa.
1207 Sep 8, Sancho II, king of
Portugal, was born.
1261 Oct 9, Dionysius, the
Justified, king of Portugal (1279-1325), was born.
1291 Feb 8, Afonso IV, King of
Portugal (1325-57), was born.
1297 Sep 12, The town of
Olivenza (Olivença) came under Portuguese sovereignty with the
Treaty of Alcanices. In 1801 it was ceded to Spain under the Treaty
of Badajoz. In the 1815 Vienna convention Spain agreed to return it
to Portugal, but this never happened.
1300-1400 A spiritual retreat for monks was built
in Redondo. It later became the Hotel Convento de Sao Paolo.
(SFEC, 4/26/98, p.T6)
1345 Oct 31, Ferdinand I, the
wise one, king of Portugal (built navy), was born.
1357 Apr 22, Johan I, King of
Portugal (1383-1433), was born.
1357 May 28, Afonso IV (66),
King of Portugal (1325-57), died.
1385 Aug 14, Portuguese forces
defeated Castilians at Aljubarrota and gained independence. Nuno
Alvares Pereira helped secure Portugal's independence from the
Spanish kingdom of Castile. After leaving the military, Pereira
entered religious life as a Carmelite and changed his name to Nuno
de Santa Maria. He dedicated himself to the poor, never taking the
privileges that would have been afforded to him as a former
commander. In 2009 the Vatican declared him a saint.
(PCh, 1992, p.136)(HN, 8/15/98)(AP, 4/26/09)
1391 Oct 30, Eduard, [Dom
Duarte], King of Portugal (1433-38) and author, was born.
1394 Mar 4, Prince Henry the
Navigator, sponsor of Portuguese voyages of discovery, was born.
1415 Jun 13, Henry the
Navigator, the prince of Portugal, embarked on an expedition to
Africa. This marked the beginning of Portuguese dominance of West
1419 Prince Henry
(d.1460), as governor of Portugal's southernmost province, attracted
shipbuilders, cartographers and other nautical experts. His
patronage was instrumental in stimulating European exploration in
the first half of the 15th century.
1420 Prince Henry the Navigator
(b.1394) gathered cartographers, navigators and shipbuilders in a
fortress in Sagres, Portugal, to invent navigation technology to
reach India, China and the Americas. He later sailed south of
the Canary Islands to the great eastward curve of West Africa at
Sierra Leone. The search for Prester John as an ally against the
Muslims helped inspire his explorations. Henry began dispatching
expeditions from the nearby port of Lagos. Although dubbed "Henry
the Navigator" by English writers, he never embarked on the voyages
of exploration he himself sponsored. Nevertheless, the prince helped
advance European cartography and the accuracy of navigation tools as
well as spurring maritime commerce.
(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R14)(HN, 3/4/98)(WSJ, 1/28/00,
1420 Portuguese sailors and
soldiers begin fighting the natives of the Canary Islands, 800 miles
southwest of the southern tip of Portugal.
1420-1480 The Portuguese explored the west coast
of Africa along the Gold Coast, so named because here could be found
plenty of gold to buy pepper.
1424 A Portuguese navigation
chart showed a land called Antilia in the vicinity of the West
(SFEC, 5/28/00, Z1 p.2)
1432 Jan 15, Afonso V "the
African", king of Portugal (1438-1481), was born.
1434 Gil Eannes,
Portuguese explorer, made the first successful rounding of Cape
Bojador, off Western Sahara, in a lug-rigged boat.
1441 Portuguese kidnapped
several noble-born Africans, who in turn offered African slaves to
the captors as ransom. In 1998 John Reader published "Africa: A
Biography of a Continent."
(SFEC, 6/28/98, BR p.12)
1443 Jun 5, Ferdinand,
Portuguese saint, slave to Fez, died.
1444 Slaves from Africa were
first carried to Portugal.
(WSJ, 12/1/97, p.A20)
1448 The Portuguese established
the first European trading post in Africa.
(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R49)
c1450 The Portuguese brought
slaves to the uninhabited Cape Verde Island.
(SFC, 8/5/98, p.A8)
1455 Jan 8, The Romanus
Pontifex, a papal bull, was written by Pope Nicholas V to King
Afonso V of Portugal. As a follow-up to the Dum Diversas, it
confirmed to the Crown of Portugal dominion over all lands
discovered or conquered during the Age of Discovery.
1460 Nov 13, Prince Henry the
Navigator (b.1394), Portuguese prince and patron of explorers, died.
1460?-1526? Pedro Alvarez Cabral, Portuguese
navigator, discovered and claimed Brazil for Portugal on April 22,
(AHD, p.185)(HFA, '96, p.28)
1462-1524 Vasco da Gama, Portuguese explorer.
1469 May 31, Manuel I, king of
Portugal (1495-1521), was born.
1469-1472 The islands of Sao Tome and Principe
were discovered by Portuguese navigators and settled by 1500.
1470 Princess Juana popularized
the farthingale, a wide-hipped skit stiffened by whale bone.
(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R40)
1471 The Portuguese arrived in
Ghana as intermediaries, bringing slaves and other goods from
Senegal and Benin in order to sell them to the Asante and other
(Econ, 2/24/07, p.73)
1477 Joao II (John II) served
as king of Portugal for a short time when his father retired to a
monastery. He succeeded his father as king in 1481.
1479 Sep 4, After four years of
war, Spain agreed to allow a Portuguese monopoly of trade along
Africa's west coast and Portugal acknowledged Spain's rights in the
1480-1521 Ferdinand Magellan, Portuguese
navigator. He was assigned the task of finding a route to the Spice
1481 Aug 29, Joao II (John II)
became king of Portugal.
1482 Captain Diogo Cao sailed
south along the African coast and became the first Portuguese sailor
to reach the equator. He4 landed at the mouth of the Zaire (Congo)
River. He left four servants and took four Africans hostage back to
his king, John, in Portugal. This was the first European encounter
with the vast kingdom of the Kongo.
(ATC, p.149)(ON, 11/07, p.1)
1485 Diogo Cao, Portuguese
explorer, sailed south beyond Cape Palmas, beyond Cape St.
Catherine, until he reached Cape Cross (Namibia) at 22’ south
latitude. His expedition returned to Portugal in 1486.
(V.D.-H.K.p.124)(ATC, p.149)(ON, 11/07, p.1)
1486 King Joao II of Portugal
chose Bartolomeu Dias (~1450-1500 to attempt to find a route to
India around Africa. Diaz departed with 3 ships in the fall of 1487.
1488 Feb 3, Bartolomeu Dias,
Portuguese explorer, sighted the coast of Africa sailing north and
made landing at Mossel Bay (South Africa) and realized that they had
rounded the continent. He saw the southern tip on his return journey
in May and named it Cabo Tormentoso (Cape of Storms). He continued
north to the Great Fish River near present day Port Elizabeth, and
then returned home in December. King Jaoa changed the cape’s name to
Cape of Good Hope to encourage future explorers.
c1492 About this time King
Manuel I, bedazzled by the Moorish tiles at the Alhambra in Spain,
brought home enough to decorate his palace in Sintra.
(SFEC, 4/26/98, p.T6)
1493 Feb 18, Columbus landed on
the island of Santa Maria, the southernmost island of the
(ON, 8/09, p.3)
1493 May 4, Pope Alexander VI
divided the non-Christian world between Spain and Portugal.
(V.D.-H.K.p.109)(HN, 5/3/98)(HN, 5/4/98)
1494 Jun 7, Spain and Portugal
divided the new lands they had discovered between themselves. King
Joao II signed the Treaty of Tordesillas in which he conceded to
Spain a monopoly on Columbus’ western route in exchange for a
Portuguese monopoly on the eastern route.
(HN, 6/7/98)(ON, 11/07,
1495 Mar 8, Juan de Dios,
Portuguese-Spanish saint, founder (Brothers of Mercy), was born.
1495 Oct 25, Portugal’s King
Joao II died without leaving male issue. He was succeeded by his
brother-in-law Manuel I.
1496 Dec 5, Jews were expelled
from Portugal by order of King Manuel I.
1497 Jul 8, Vasco da Gama,
Portuguese explorer, departed on a trip to India. He sailed from
Lisbon enroute to Calicut, India. His journey took him around South
Africa and opened the Far East to European trade and colonial
1497 Nov 18, Vasco da Gama
reached the Cape of Good Hope.
1497 Nov 22, Portuguese
navigator Vasco da Gama rounded the Cape of Good Hope.
1497 Portuguese Jews were
forced to convert to Christianity and were known as "New
Christians," though many continued to practice their original faith
(WSJ, 6/8/98, p.A21)
1498 Apr 7, Vasco da Gama,
Portuguese explorer, arrived at Mombasa, Kenya, where the Arabs
repelled him. He sailed on to Malindi and came to terms with the
local sultan, who supplied a pilot that knew the route to Calicut
(Kozhikode), the most important commercial port in Southwest India
at the time.
1498 May 20, Portuguese
explorer Vasco da Gama arrived at Calicut (Kozhikkode) in Kerala,
1500 Mar 9, Pedro Cabral
(~1460-1520), Portuguese navigator, departed to India. He left
Lisbon with 13 ships headed for India and was blown off course.
(WUD, 1994 p.206)(SFC, 4/20/00,
1500 Apr 22, Pedro Alvares
Cabral (c1460-c1526), Portuguese explorer, discovered Brazil and
claimed it for Portugal. He anchored for 10 days in a bay he called
"Porto Seguro" and continued on to India. [see Jan 1, Apr 23]
(HFA, '96, p.28)(WUD,1994, p.206)(AHD,
p.185)(TL-MB, 1988, p.8) (HN, 4/22/98)(SFC, 4/20/00, p.A14)
1500 Apr 23, Pedro Cabal landed
at Terra da Vera Cruz and claimed Brazil for Portugal. The native
population was later estimated to have been from 1 to 11 million
people. [see Apr 22]
(AP, 4/23/98)(SFC, 7/6/98,
1500 May 29, Bartholomeu Diaz
de Narvaez (Novaez), Portuguese sea explorer, drowned.
1500 Aug 10, Diego Diaz
1500 The Portuguese arrived in
East Africa with little resistance.
(NH, 6/97, p.43,46)
1501 The Mosteiro dos Jeronimos
was funded by King Manuel I. The architectural style known as
"Manueline" was invented in his honor.
(SSFC, 1/28/01, p.T10)
1501 May 20, Portuguese
explorer Joao da Nova Castelia (1460-1509) discovered the Ascension
Islands on Ascension Day.
1502 Jan 1, Guanabara Bay was
first encountered by Europeans when one of the Portuguese explorers
Gaspar de Lemos and Goncalo Coelho arrived on its shores. Guanabara
Bay is an oceanic bay located in southeastern Brazil in the state of
Rio de Janeiro. On its western shore lies the city of Rio de
Janeiro, and on its eastern shore the cities of Niteroi and Sao
1502 Feb 12, Vasco da Gama,
Portuguese explorer, departed on a second trip to India with 20
1502 Jun 6, Jofo III, King of
Portugal (1521-57), was born.
1502 Portuguese traders took
peanuts from Brazil and Peru to Africa.
(SFEC, 1/10/99, Z1 p.8)
1505 Jul 24, On their way to
India, a group of Portuguese explorers sacked the city-state of
Kilwa, East Africa, and killed the king for failing to pay tribute.
1505 Magellan began to serve
Portugal when he enlisted in the fleet of Francisco de Almeida. He
continued in Portuguese service on many expeditions, being wounded
in a campaign against the Moroccan stronghold of Azamor in
1513. The wound caused him to limp for the rest of his life.
Magellan petitioned King Manuel of Portugal for an increase in his
pension as a titular rise in rank, but the king refused and sent him
back to Morocco. Upon his second petition in 1516, Magellan was told
he might offer his services elsewhere.
1506 Riots in Lisbon, Portugal,
led to the slaughter of 2,000-4,000 converted Jews. This became the
setting for a 1998 novel by Richard Zimler, "The Last Kabbalist of
(TL-MB, 1988, p.9) (WSJ, 6/8/98, p.A21)
1509 In Portugal the Madre de
Deus convent was established by Queen Leonor. The tile-bedecked
church, Igreja de Madre de Deus, was built almost 50 years later.
(Econ, 6/12/10, p.96)
1511 Malacca (Melaka), the
center of East Indian spice trade, was captured by the Portuguese.
The Portuguese laid appalling waste to Malacca. St. Paul’s Church,
originally called Our Lady of the Hill, was built by the Portuguese
following their takeover of Malacca. In 1641 when the Dutch gained
influence in Indonesia and Jakarta they took over Melaka and built
the fortress A Famosa.
(TL-MB, p.10)(SFEC, 8/3/97, p.T8)(Econ, 12/22/12,
p.55)(Econ, 11/15/14, SR p.5)
1511 Portuguese traders reached
the Banda Islands, including Run, and broke the Venetian monopoly
over nutmeg. Over the next century the Dutch muscled in an almost
cornered the nutmeg market. The history of the nutmeg trade was
documented in 1999 by Giles Milton in his: "Nathaniel's Nutmeg."
(WSJ, 5/21/99, p.W7)
1512 Portuguese explorers
discovered the Celebes and found nutmeg trees in the Moluccas. This
began an 84-year monopoly of the nutmeg and mace trades.
(TL-MB, 1988, p.10)
1512 The Portuguese took over
control of East Timor.
(SFC, 3/3/98, p.A6)
1513 Portugal captured Goa,
(SSFC, 3/19/06, p.F7)
1515 Afonso d’Albuquerque,
Viceroy of the Portuguese Indies, captured Hormuz (Ormuz) and forced
all other traders to round the Cape of Good Hope. This established
Portugal’s supremacy in trade with the Far East. Hormuz is the
strait between Iran and Trucial Oman.
(TL-MB, p.11)(WUD, 1994, p.684)
1515-1520 The Belem Tower was built in Lisbon and
served as a beacon to sailors. It originally stood well in the water
but now the Tagus laps only its base.
(SFEC, 2/1/98, p.T7)
1518 Gil Vicente, founder of
Portuguese drama, wrote "The Ship of Purgatory."
1518 Portugal and the Kingdom
of Kotte, Ceylon, signed a peace treaty.
1519 Sep 20, Portuguese
navigator Ferdinand Magellan set out from Spain with 270 men and 5
ships on a voyage to find a western passage to the Spice Islands in
Indonesia. (Magellan was killed en route, but one of his ships
eventually circumnavigated the world.)
(V.D.-H.K.p.182)(DD-EVTT, p.41)(AP, 9/20/97)(HN,
1520 Nov 28, Portuguese
navigator Ferdinand Magellan reached the Pacific Ocean after passing
through the South American strait, the straits of Magellan, and
entered the “Sea of the South."
1521 Apr 26, Magellan was
killed in a fight with natives on Mactan Island. Magellan named the
Mariana Islands Islas de los Ladrones (Islands of Thieves), and was
killed by natives on Cebu. Juan Sebastian Elcano, Magellan’s second
in command, returned to Spain with 18 men and one ship, the
Vittorio, laden with spices. His coat of arms was augmented in
reward with the inscription Primus circumdisti me: "You were the
first to encircle me." Some 50,000 Chamorro people populated the
islands. [see Apr 27]
p.12)(SFEC, 3/7/99,Z1 p.4)
1521 April 27, Portuguese
explorer Ferdinand Magellan was killed by natives in the
Philippines. [see Apr 26]
1522 The Portuguese crown began
administering Sao Tome.
1522 In 2007 The book "Beyond
Capricorn" said a 16th century maritime map in a Los Angeles library
vault, which accurately marks geographical sites along Australia's
east coast in Portuguese, proves that Portuguese seafarer
Christopher de Mendonca lead a fleet of four ships into Botany Bay
in this year.
1523 Portuguese settlers were
expelled from China.
1524 Dec 24, Portuguese
navigator Vasco da Gama (~55), who had discovered a sea route around
Africa to India, died in Cochin, India. He had served as Viceroy in
India. Gama served under the patronage of Dom Manoel and at one time
burned alive 380 men, women and children.
(TL-MB, 1988, p.12)(AP, 12/24/97)(MC,
12/24/01)(SSFC, 3/10/02, p.M3)
1524 Aden became a tributary of
1525 Aug 21, Estavao Gomes
returned to Portugal after failing to find a clear waterway to Asia.
1526 Jul 6, King Afonso of
Kongo (1509-1542) sent a letter of complaint to Portugal regarding
the impact of slave trade in his country.
1527 May 21, Philip II
(d.1598), king of Spain and Portugal (1556-98), was born. He invaded
England and roasted heretics. He collected a fifth of all the wealth
generated from the mines and trade in the Americas. He invested
heavily into his military and lost it all with the defeat of the
Armada in 1588. His debt at his death amounted to 85 million ducats,
or 300 tons of gold.
(HN, 5/21/98)(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R8)(MC, 5/21/02)
1529 Apr 22, Spain and Portugal
divided the eastern hemisphere in Treaty of Saragosa.
1536 May 23, Pope Paul III
installed the Portuguese Inquisition at the request of John III. Its
most common accusation was maintaining outlawed Jewish practices in
secret. The Inquisition was disbanded in 1821.
1536 Jul 14, France and
Portugal signed the naval treaty of Lyons aligning themselves
1538 Portugal captured Diu,
India, and established it as part of a fortified trade network.
(SSFC, 3/19/06, p.F7)
1540 Coimbra Univ. was founded
in a royal palace.
(SFEC, 4/26/98, p.T7)
c1541 Portugal colonized East Timor.
(SFC, 10/12/96, p.A13)
1543 Feb 21, In the Battle at
Wayna Daga Ethiopian and Portuguese troops beat Moslem army. Ahmed
Gran, sultan of Adal, died in the battle.
1549 Aug 15, Francis Xavier,
Portuguese Jesuit missionary, landed in Kagoshima, Japan, and began
spreading the Catholic faith there.
(Jap. Enc., BLDM, p. 215)(ON, 11/02, p.8)(MC,
1556 Apr 13, Portuguese
Marranos who reverted back to Judaism were burned alive by order of
1557 The Portuguese settled in
Macao, on the coast of southern China, and established trading
(TL-MB, 1988, p.19)(SFEC, 5/16/99, p.A24)
1568-1634 In Portugal the Jail Cleaning Yard of
the Inquisition Court in Evora was in active use during this period.
In 2015 researchers found a dozen skeletons in the garbage dump and
suspected they were Jewish victims of the Portuguese Inquisition.
1573 The Portuguese crown
began administering Principe.
1574 The Portuguese began to
settle in Angola.
(TL-MB, 1988, p.22)
1578 Apr 14, Philip III, king
of Spain and Portugal (1598-1621), was born.
1578 Aug 4, A crusade against
the Moors of Morocco was routed at the Battle of Alcazar-el-Kebir.
King Sebastian of Portugal and 8,000 of his soldiers were killed.
Sebastian was killed along with the King of Fez and the Moorish
Pretender in the Battle of Alcazar. He was succeeded by Cardinal
(TL-MB, 1988, p.22)(HN, 8/4/98)
1579 Portuguese explorer Juan
Rodriguez Cabrillo discovered San Diego Bay. His mate, Bartolome
Ferrelo, continued exploring north. [see 1542]
(SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W34)
1579 Portuguese merchants set
up trading stations in Bengal.
(TL-MB, 1988, p.22)
1580 Jun 10, Luis Camoes
(b.1524), Portuguese poet, died. He fought in colonial battles in
Morocco and India and lost one eye. He was arrested in a street
brawl in Lisbon and left for India. He traveled to Macao and
Mozambique after which he published "Os Lusiadas" (The Lusiads,
1572), a poem that glorified Vasco da Gama and the history of
p.D6)(SSFC, 3/10/02, p.M3)
1580 Jun 27, Duke of Alba's
army occupied Portugal.
1580 Aug 25, Spain defeated
Portugal in the Battle of Alcantara.
1580 The Duke of Alba invaded
Portugal and put it under Spain’s rule. Spain’s Philip II was
proclaimed King Philip I of Portugal and united the colonial empires
of Spain and Portugal.
(TL-MB, 1988, p.23)(PCh, 1992, p.200)
1581 The Portuguese Cortes
(national assembly) submitted to Philip II of Spain.
1582 Oct 15, The Gregorian (or
New World) calendar was adopted in Italy, France, Spain, and
Portugal; and the preceding ten days were lost to history. This day
followed Oct 4 to bring the calendar into sync. by order of the
Council of Trent. Oct 5-14 were dropped.
(K.I.-365D, p.97)(NG, March 1990, J.
1584 Portugal dominated the
world’s sugar trade and sold Brazilian sugar to Europe.
1590 Jul 6, English admiral
Francis Drake took the Portuguese Forts at Taag, Angola.
1603 The Dutch East India
Company seized a Portuguese ship laden with raw silk and gold near
the straight of Malacca and hired Dutch jurist Hugo Grotius
(1583-1645) to defend its action. In 1625 Grotius authored “Mare
Liberum" (The Free Sea) arguing that the seas were international
territory and should be open to all.
(Econ, 11/15/14, SR p.11)
1605 Apr 8, Philip IV king of
Spain and Portugal (1621-65), was born.
1627 Two Portuguese Jesuits,
Estevao Cacella and Joao Cabral, arrived in Bhutan, the first
westerners to do so.
1637 The Dutch attacked and
captured Elmina (Ghana), which up to that point was the centre of
Portuguese activity in West Africa.
1640 Dec 1, Spain lost Portugal
as the Duke of Braganza was proclaimed João IV (John IV), king of
1641 The Dutch pushed the
Portuguese out of Malacca and renamed Our Lady of the Hill church to
(Econ, 11/15/14, SR p.5)
1650 Portuguese rule ended in
(SSFC, 3/30/08, p.E4)
1660s The British began to
dominate the trade in port wine from Portugal after a political spat
with the French denied them the French Bordeaux wines. Brandy was
added to the Portuguese wines to fortify them for the Atlantic
(SFEC, 1/12/97, p.T7)(SFEC, 7/12/98, p.T8)
1661 May 25, King Charles II
married Portuguese princess Catherina the Bragança. India’s city of
Mumbai, formed from seven islands, was given by Portugal to Charels
II of England as dowry for his marriage to Catherine of Braganza.
(SC, 5/25/02)(Econ, 12/22/12, p.119)
1661 Aug 6, Holland sold Brazil
to Portugal for 8 million guilders.
1671 The St. James Anglican
Church was founded in Porto to serve the spiritual needs of the
British working in the port wine industry.
(SFEC, 6/4/00, p.T5)
1678 The 1st recorded shipment
of Vinho do Porto was made from Portugal to England.
(SFC, 11/13/03, p.D1)
1680 Portuguese founded Colonia
del Sacramento (Uruguay) for smuggling contraband across the Rio de
la Plata to Spanish-controlled Argentina.
(SSFC, 10/30/05, p.F7)
1692 Taylor’s restaurant and
lodge was founded in Porto.
(SFEC, 7/12/98, p.T10)
1695 Portugal established
colonial rule in the eastern half of Timor Island. The western side
was incorporated into the Dutch East Indies.
(SFC, 5/18/02, p.A15)
1696 In the late 1600s the
Xukuru Indians fought the Portuguese to a stand off in what was
later referred to as the "War of the Barbarians."
(WSJ, 8/20/99, p.A1)(http://tinyurl.com/bhqlp)
1698-1701 The Portuguese built the Old Fort in
Stone Town on Zanzibar to defend against the sultan of Oman.
(SFEC, 4/23/00, p.T6)
1707 Apr 25, At the Battle of
Almansa, Franco-Spanish forces defeated Anglo-Portuguese.
1739 Sep 1, 35 Jews were
sentenced to life in prison in Lisbon, Portugal.
1741 Apr 8, Jose B. da Gama,
Portuguese poet (O Uraguai), was born.
1775 Mar 19, Portuguese fleet
was repulsed in attack on Montevideo, Uruguay.
1755 Nov 1, An 8.7 earthquake
hit Lisbon, Portugal, and killed some 70,000 people. Heavy damage
resulted from ensuing fires and tsunami flooding in Morocco and
nearly a quarter of a million people were killed. In 2008 Nicholas
Shrady authored “The Last Day: Wrath, Ruin and Reason in the Great
1761 Sep 21, Gabriel Malagrida
(b.1689), Portuguese Jesuit missionary, was garroted and burned in
Lisbon. In his “Opinion of the True Cause of the Earthquake,"
referring to Lisbons 1755 quake, Malagrida argued that rebuilding
was an offense against God.
1790 The House of Sandeman
winery was found by the Scot, George Sandeman.
(SFEC, 7/12/98, p.T8)
1794 Dec 27, The Portuguese
slave ship Sao Jose--Paquete de Africa sank off the coast of South
Africa’s Cape Town. Some 400-500 African slaves from Mozambique were
on board the vessel bound for Brazil. About half of them perished.
Wreckage of the ship was found in 2015.
1801 Jun 6, The Treaty of
Badajoz (also known as the Peace of Badajoz) was signed in Badajoz
between John VI of Portugal and representatives from the Kingdom of
1808 Feb 16, The Peninsular War
began when Napoleon ordered a large French force into Spain under
the pretext of sending reinforcements to the French army occupying
1808 Aug 21, Napoleon
Bonaparte's General Junot was defeated by Wellington at the first
Battle of the Peninsular War at Vimiero, Portugal.
1808 Napoleon chased Portugal’s
royal family to Brazil. King Joao VI of Portugal and his court were
installed in Rio de Janeiro by a British fleet.
(Econ, 4/14/07, SR p.5)(Econ, 9/11/10, SR p.3)
1809 The Portuguese crown, now
in Brazil, granted authors and inventors exclusive rights to their
works in Brazil fro 14 years.
(Econ, 11/3/12, p.38)
1813 Jun 21, The Peninsular War
ended. It began on February 16, 1808, when Napoleon ordered a large
French force into Spain under the pretext of sending reinforcements
to the French army occupying Portugal.
1822 Sep 7, Brazil declared its
independence from Portugal.
c1822-1889 King John VI of Portugal fled Napoleon
and went to Brazil.
(Hem, 8/96, p.68)
1826 Dom Pedro IV, emperor of
Brazil, attained the Portuguese throne.
(SSFC, 1/28/01, p.T1)
1840 The Teatro Nacional Dona
Maria II was built in Lisbon. It was named after the daughter of Dom
(SFEC, 2/1/98, p.T7)(SSFC, 1/28/01, p.T1)
1847-1911 Queen Maria Pia lived.
(WSJ, 2/10/98, p.A16)
1849 Aug 22, The Portuguese
governor of Macao, China, was assassinated because of his
1862 Aug 24, The C.S.S. Alabama
was commissioned at sea off Portugal's Azore Islands, beginning a
career that would see over 60 Union merchant vessels sunk or
destroyed by the Confederate raider. The ship was built in secret in
the in Liverpool shipyards, and a diplomatic crisis between the US
government and Britain ensued when the Union uncovered the ship’s
1862 Baron James Forester, a
wealthy Scottish port wine shipper, capsized on the Douro River in
Portugal and was dragged to the river bottom by his money belt full
of gold coins.
(SFEC, 1/12/97, p.T7)
1871 Portuguese immigrants in
the SF Bay area began holding their annual Pentecost Festival named
Chamarita, after a traditional folk dance.
(SSFC, 6/9/02, p.E4)
1874 Nov 29, Antonio Egas
Moniz, lobotomist (Nobel 1949), was born in Portugal.
1884 Feb 26, Leopold II of
Belgium signed in Congo a British and Portuguese treaty.
1886 The Dom Luis I metal
bridge in Porto was constructed.
(SFEC, 7/12/98, p.T8)
1887-1918 Amadeo de Souza Cardoso, Portuguese
futurist artist. He moved to Paris in 1906 befriended Modigliani,
Brancusi, Gris and others. 8 of his works were exhibited at the 1913
Armory Show in New York.
(WSJ, 2/1/00, p.A24)
1889 Apr 28, Antonio de
Oliveira Salazar, premier, dictator of Portugal (1932-68), was born.
1891 Jun 11, Portugal assigned
Barotseland, now in Zambia, to Britain and Nyasaland becomes a
1900 Jose Eca de Queiroz,
Portuguese novelist, died. His novels included an 1875 satire about
a priest struggling with his vows of celibacy. It was made into a
Mexican film "El Crimen del Padre Amaro" (The Crime of Father
Amaro) in 2002.
1901 The Santa Justa Elevador,
one of the world’s great cast-iron structures, was built in Lisbon.
(SFEC, 2/1/98, p.T6)
1904 Alexandrina Maria da Costa
of Portugal (d.1955) was born. She became a lay Salesian cooperator
and according to the Vatican lived the last 13 years of her life
eating only the bread and wine of Communion. She was beatified in
1906 Apr 13, There was a mutiny
on the Portuguese battleships Dom Carlos and Vasco da Gama.
1908 Feb 1, Carlos I (44), King
of Portugal (1889-1908), assassinated by mob.
1910 Nov 9, France, Spain,
Norway, Belgium, Germany, Russia, and Great Britain established
diplomatic relations with the new republic of Portugal.
1910 Manuel II, Portugal’s last
king, was overthrown and went into exile in England.
(SSFC, 9/29/02, p.C12)
1911 Jan 5, Portugal expelled
1911 Apr 30, Portugal approved
1916 Mar 9, Germany declared
war on Portugal.
1917 May 13, Three peasant
children near Fatima, Portugal, reported seeing a vision of the
Virgin Mary. Francisco and Jacinta Marto and Lucia de Santos
(d.2005) later reported appearances on 5 more occasions. Dos Santos
was said by believers to be the main recipient of prophecies from
the Virgin about key 20th century events. The Vatican said the 1st
secret foretold the end of World War I and that the 2nd predicted
the spread and collapse of Communism and the conversion of Russia.
In 2000 the Vatican disclosed that the so-called 3rd Secret of
Fatima was a vision of an attempt to kill a pope. It was reportedly
associated to the May 13, 1981, assassination attempt. In 2000 the
Vatican unveiled the 62-line handwritten account of Lucia de Jesus
(AP, 5/13/97)(SFEC, 5/14/00, p.A2)(SFC, 6/27/00,
1918 Dec 14, Sidonio Pais,
prince of Portugal, was murdered.
1919 May 29, A solar eclipse
occurred that was photographed by two British expeditions, one in
Africa and the other in Sobral, Brazil. Arthur Eddington, British
astronomer, confirmed Einstein’s prediction of the deflection of
light from Principe, a Portuguese island off the Atlantic coast of
Africa. In 1980 Harry Colling and Trevor Pinch published "The
Golem," an account of the expedition. The play “Rose Tattoo" by
Tennessee (Thomas Lanier) Williams was originally titled “The
Eclipse of May 29, 1919."
1926 May 31, Portuguese
president Bernardino Machedo resigned after coup.
1932 Jul 5, Antonio de Oliveira
Salazar became premier and dictator of Portugal.
1933 Aug 30, Portuguese
dictator Salazar formed secret police (PIDE).
1933 Antonio Salazar began his
41-year conservative dictatorship.
(SFC, 10/9/98, p.A2)
1935 Nov 30, Fernando Pessoa
(b.1888), Portuguese poet, died.
1936 Maria Severa, the 1st
great fadista, died. Fado music is about heartsickness and yearning
and has been called the "Portuguese blues."
(SSFC, 1/28/01, p.T10)
1939 Jun 28, Pan American
Airways began regular trans-Atlantic passenger air service as the
"Dixie Clipper" left Port Washington, N.Y., for Portugal.
(AP, 6/28/99)(NPub, 2002, p.13)
1936 Portuguese neurologist
Antonio Egas Moniz (1874-1955) performed the first prefrontal brain
lobotomy. It was later rejected as a valid medical technique. Moniz
won the Nobel Prize in 1949 for his development of prefrontal
1940 In France Aristides de
Sousa Mendes (1885-1954), a Portuguese diplomat posted in Bordeaux,
issued 30,000 visas to Jews and 20,000 to other refugees against the
instructions of his government. Dictator Antonio Salazar responded
by removing him from the diplomatic corps, denying him a pension and
blacking out his actions from official state records.
(SFC, 9/7/96, p.A13)(SFC, 9/9/96, p.A16)(SFC,
1941 Japan invaded Indonesia
and ended the Dutch era of colonial power. East Timor, under
Portuguese for some 400 years, was also invaded.
(SFC, 10/12/96, p.A13)
1946 Feb 8, Premier Salazar of
Portugal forbade opposition parties.
1947 Jose Saramago, a
metalworker of Portugal, authored his first novel "Terra do Pecado"
(Country of Sin). He won the Nobel Prize for literature in 1998.
(USAT, 10/9/98, p.16A)(SFC, 10/9/98, p.A2)
1949 Apr 4, The (NATO) North
Atlantic Treaty Organization pact was signed by the US, Great
Britain, France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Italy,
Portugal, Denmark, Iceland, Norway and Canada. It provided for
mutual defense against aggression and for close military
1949 Portuguese neurologist
Antonio Egas Moniz (1874-1955) won the Nobel Prize in Medicine for
his pioneering work in prefrontal brain lobotomy. It was later
rejected as a valid medical technique.
(SFEC,11/2/97, Z1 p.6)(WUD, 1994, p.925)(SFC,
1951 Jun 11, Mozambique became
an oversea province of Portugal.
1953 Nov 8, Salazar's party won
all parliament seats in Portugal.
1954 Apr 3, Aristides de Sousa
Mendes (b.1885), former Portuguese consul general in Bordeaux,
France, died in poverty. He is credited with defying his
government’s orders and saving 10,000 European Jews and some 20,000
other nationals by issuing transit visas to “undesirables" fleeing
the Nazis during WW II.
1954 Portugal’s control of its
Silvassa, India, enclave ended.
(Econ, 8/11/12, p.56)
1958 Dictator Antonio Salazar
appointed Gen Costa Gomes as undersecretary of state for the armed
(SFC, 8/4/01, p.E2)
1959 Nov 20, Seven European
nations (Austria, Britain, Denmark, Norway, Portugal, Sweden,
Switzerland) signed the Stockholm Convention to form the European
Free Trade Association (EFTA). The organization becoming operative
on May 3 1960.
1959 In Portugal the first
stations of Lisbon’s underground were opened. They were all
decorated by contemporary artists working in tiles.
(Econ, 6/12/10, p.96)
1961 Jan 22, A Portuguese ocean
liner, the "Santa Maria," was hijacked in the Caribbean with some
600 passengers aboard; the drama ended eleven days later when the
ship docked in Brazil.
1961 Jan 30, Dorothy Thompson
(b.1893), American journalist and radio broadcaster, died in Lisbon,
Portugal. In 1939 she was recognized by Time magazine as the second
most influential women in America next to Eleanor Roosevelt. In 2011
Susan Hertog authored “Dangerous Ambition: Rebecca West and Dorothy
Thompson, New Women in Search of Love and War."
1961 Feb 4, In the Portuguese
colony of Angola fighting erupted as 3 anti-colonial guerrilla
movements battled for independence. Rebels butchered Portuguese
settlers, including women and children, on remote Angolan
plantations. In revenge, Portuguese militias and troops carried out
a vicious campaign of repression, despite pressure from the US and
UN to pull out of Africa.
(SFC, 4/5/02, p.A11)(AP, 12/9/07)(Econ, 9/3/11,
1961 May 28, Amnesty
International, a human rights organization, was founded. It won a
Nobel Prize in 1977. Amnesty Int’l. was spawned when British lawyer
Peter Benenson learned that two students in Portugal had been
imprisoned for seven years for drinking a toast to liberty despite
being under a dictatorship.
(HN, 5/28/98)(AP, 11/20/12)
1961 Portugal engaged in wars
against independence movements in 5 African colonies.
(SFC, 8/4/01, p.E2)
1961 India wrested Goa and Diu
(SSFC, 3/19/06, p.F6)
1967 Nov 26, Cloudburst over
Lisbon, Portugal, killed 250-450.
(MC, 11/26/01)(AP, 11/26/02)
1968 Mar 3, The embassies of
Greece, Portugal and Spain were bombed in the Hague.
1968 Sep 27, Portugal’s
President Americo Thomaz replaced PM Antonio de Oliveira Salazar
with Marcelo Caetano after Salazar suffered a major stroke, caused
by his falling from a chair in his summer house.
1970 Jul 27, Antonio de
Oliveira Salazar (b.1889), former dictator of Portugal (1932-68),
1972-1974 Gen. Costa Gomes served as commander in
chief of the armed forces.
(SFC, 8/4/01, p.E2)
1973 Sep 24, The PAIGC (African
Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde) declared the
independence of Guinea-Bissau from Portugal. This became national
day for Guinea-Bissau.
1974 Feb, In Portugal Marshal
Antonio de Spinola (1910-1996) published a critique of the
dictatorship's African policy.
1974 Apr 25, Marshal Antonio de
Spinola (1910-1996) was called to the barricades in Portugal to
receive the surrender of the 41-year old regime of Antonio Salazar.
Spinola was then named head of state by the 7-member military junta,
which included Gen. Costa Gomes. The Carnation Revolution changed
the Portuguese regime from an authoritarian dictatorship to a
democracy after two years of a transitional period known as PREC
(Processo Revolucionário Em Curso), characterized by social turmoil
and power dispute between left and right wing political forces.
p.D6)(SFC, 8/4/01, p.E2)
1974 Sep 30, In Portugal
Marshal de Spinola (1910-1996) resigned as head of state in protest
against rushed attempts to dismantle the colonial empire.
1974 The process of
decolonization in Portuguese Timor began, following the change of
government in Portugal in the wake of the Carnation Revolution.
1974-1975 Mario Soares served as foreign minister.
(SFC, 4/19/00, p.A10)
1975 Jul 5, The Cape Verde
Islands officially became independent after 500 years of Portuguese
rule. Aristides Pereira, a former guerrilla fighter against the
Portuguese colonial administration, became head of state following
independence. He ruled until 1991 when he lost the country's first
(SFC, 8/5/9, p.A8)(AP, 7/5/00)(AP, 9/22/11)
1975 Jul 12, The islands of Sao
Tome and Principe achieved independence from Portugal.
1975 Nov 25, The Portuguese
Communist Party under Alvaro Cunhal attempted a coup in Lisbon with
leftist army paratroops.
(WSJ, 10/14/98, p.A22)
1975 Nov 28, After colonial
rule collapsed East Timor proclaimed independence, but 10 days later
it was invaded by Indonesia.
(SFC, 7/21/96, zone 1, p.8)(SFC, 10/16/96,
1976 Jul 23, Mario Soares
(b.1924) became Prime Minister of Portugal.
1979 Jose Samarago won the
Portuguese Critics Award and was sent by his editors on a
cross-country road trip during which he authored "Journey to
Portugal: In Pursuit of Portugal’s History and Culture."
(SSFC, 3/4/01, BR p.3)
1979 Maria de Lourdes
Pintasilgo (d.2004) served as Portugal's prime minister.
1981 Gen. Francisco da Costa
Gomes was promoted to marshal, Portugal’s highest military rank.
(SFC, 8/4/01, p.E2)
1982 May 12, In Fatima,
Portugal, security guards overpowered a Spanish ex-priest armed with
a bayonet who was trying to reach Pope John Paul II. John Paul was
visiting to give thanks for surviving an assassination attempt on
May 13, 1981. Ultra-conservative Spanish priest, Juan Fernandez
Krohn, lunged at the pope with a dagger and was knocked to the
ground by police and arrested. The pope was wounded, but this was
not disclosed until 2008.
1982 Portugal’s economics began
a current account reversal.
(Econ, 8/19/06, p.64)
1985 Mar 29-1985 Mar 30, A
European Council is held in Brussels, Belgium. It accepts the
adhesion of Spain and Portugal in the European Communities and
agrees on the Integrated Mediterranean Programmes (IMP) as proposed
by the Commission.
1985 Jun 12, Spain and Portugal
signed Accession Treaties to the European Community.
1986 Feb 16, Mario Soares
(b.1924), Socialist, was elected Portugal's 1st civilian president
in the 2nd round of elections.
1986 Portugal and Spain entered
the European Union expanding the membership to 12.
(WSJ, 5/23/96, p.A-1)(SFC, 7/18/03, p.D5)(Econ,
6/13/09, SR p.3)
1986-1996 Mario Soares served as president of
(SFC, 4/19/00, p.A10)
1987 Apr 13, Portugal signed an
agreement to return Macau to China in 1999.
1987 Nov 10, The Bank of
Portugal signed an agreement to join the European Monetary System
1988 Aug 25, A major fire
destroyed the historic center of Lisbon, Portugal.
1989 Jun 19, The Spanish peseta
entered the European Monetary System (EMS) exchange-rate mechanism;
the composition of the ECU is adjusted following the inclusion of
the Spanish peseta and the Portuguese escudo.
1989 Jose Saramago authored
"The History of the Siege of Lisbon."
(SFC, 10/9/98, p.A2)
1990 Jul 1, The first phase of
the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) comes into force. Four Member
States (Spain, Portugal, Greece and Ireland) are granted an
exceptional regime given their insufficient progress towards
1991 Jose Saramago (75)
authored "The Gospel According to Jesus Christ."
(SFC, 10/9/98, p.A2)
1992 Dec 11, Portugal ratifies
the Treaty on the European Union.
1992 Dec 21, A Dutch DC-10
burst into fire at landing on Faro, Portugal, and 56 died.
1995 Volkswagen built a large
car factory near Lisbon, Portugal.
(Econ, 1/15/11, p.78)
1996 Jan, Socialist Jorge
Sampaio was elected president. He was the former major of Lisbon.
The Socialists also recently won control of the parliament.
(WSJ, 1/15/96, p. A-1)
1996 Jun 9, The latest
unemployment rate was 8%.
(SFC, 6/9/96, Par, p.9)
1996 The Rasin Embankment
Building, home to a Dutch insurance company, was completed. It was
co-designed by Frank Gehry and dubbed "the Dancing Building" because
of its undulating lines.
(SSFC, 1/28/01, p.T6)
1997 Apr 16, Gunmen burst into
the Mea Culpa topless bar in Amarante and set it on fire killing 12
(SFC, 4/16/97, p.A12)
1997 Nov 6, Flooding of the
Guadiana River killed 18 people in Badajoz, Spain. A total of 31
died along the Spanish-Portuguese border from the storm induced
1998 Mar 29, The $1 billion,
10-mile Vasco da Gama bridge over the River Tagus opened in time to
bring traffic from Spain for the Lisbon Expo.
(SFC, 3/30/98, p.A10)
1998 May 21, In Portugal the
4-month Expo ‘98 was inaugurated in Lisbon. The theme of the fair
expanded on the UN theme Int’l. Year of the Oceans. 15 million
people were expected to visit with exhibits from almost 150
(SFEC, 2/1/98, p.T6)(SFC, 5/22/98, p.D3)
1998 May 22, Just 12,000 people
visited the Expo by midday on its first day. Organizers had
predicted an average daily attendance of 140,000.
(SFC, 5/23/98, p.A14)
1998 Sep 30, The end of Expo
(SFEC, 2/1/98, p.T6)
1998 Oct 8, The Nobel Prize for
Literature was awarded to Jose Saramago (75) of Portugal. His work
included "The History of the Siege of Lisbon" (1989), "Blindness,"
"Memorial do Convento" (Baltasar and Blimunda, 1982), "The Year of
the Death of Ricardo Reis" (1984), "The Stone Raft" and "Journey to
(USAT, 10/9/98, p.16A)(SFC, 10/9/98, p.A2)
1998 Oct 18, In Oporto,
Portugal, 21 member nations met for the Ibero-American summit. 19
Latin American countries were represented along with Spain and
Portugal. A document was prepared urging the industrialized nations
to help stave off economic recession.
(SFEC, 10/18/98, p.A23)
1998 Oct 26, Jose Cardoso
Pires, author, died at age 73. His work included "O Delfim," an
account of life under the dictatorship of Antonio Salazar.
(SFC, 10/27/98, p.B6)
1998 Nov 28, In Portugal the
skeleton of a 4-year-old Paleolithic child was found in the Lapedo
Valley. The Lagar Velho child was dated to about 23,000 BC and
possibly represented a mixed Neanderthal and early human ancestry.
(AM, 7/00, p.25)
1998 The book "Lisbon" by Julia
Wilkinson was published by Lonely Planet.
(SFEC, 7/12/98, p.T7)
1999 Jan 1, The Maastricht
Treaty specified that a monetary union will be established by this
date, and laid down several criteria that EU nations must fulfill in
order to join. Some of the criteria included: maximum budget
deficits of 3% of GDP, a cap on government debt of 60% of GDP. The
European economic and monetary union (EMU) was scheduled to start
with a new "Euro" currency. Austria, Belgium, Finland, France,
Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal and
Spain made the transition. Public use was set for Jan 1, 2002.
(WSJ, 9/25/95, p.A-12)(WSJ, 12/5/95, p.A-14)(SFC,
11/16/96, p.A1)(SFC, 1/1/99, p.A8)
1999 Apr 23, The foreign
ministers of Indonesia and Portugal completed an agreement for the
people of East Timor to vote on their future.
(SFC, 4/24/99, p.A14)
1999 May 5, Indonesia and
Portugal signed accords to enable the people of East Timor to vote
on independence Aug 8.
(SFC, 5/6/99, p.A15)
1999 Oct 6, Amalia Rodrigues
(b.1920), Portuguese actress and fado singer, died at age 79.
1999 Oct 11, In Portugal the
Socialist Party returned to power with a 44% vote in the elections
giving them 111 seats in the 230 seat Assembly. The Social Democrats
won 32% and got 79 seats.
(SFC, 10/11/99, p.A16)
1999 Dec 20, Macao, a enclave
of 430,000 under Portugal, reverted to Chinese control. Edmond Ho,
local banker, took over to head the new government. Local autonomy
was to be had for at least 50 years.
(WSJ, 10/26/95, p.A-18)(SFEC, 12/19/99,
p.A28)(SFC, 12/20/99, p.A10)
2000 Mar, EU leaders met in
Lisbon, Portugal, and agreed to turn Europe into the world’s most
competitive economy by 2010. this became known as the Lisbon Agenda.
(Econ, 3/19/05, p.15)(Econ, 3/25/06, p.58)
2000 Apr 16, In Portugal 7
people were killed in a stampede at the Luanda nightclub in Lisbon
after canisters thought to contain pepper gas were released.
(SFC, 4/17/00, p.A12)
2000 May 30, Pres. Clinton
traveled to Portugal for talks with the EU and met with Pres. Jorge
Sampaio at the Belem Palace outside of Lisbon.
(SFC, 5/31/00, p.A10)
2000 Nov 24, Germany and the
Portuguese Azores Islands recorded new cases of mad cow disease.
Main land Portugal has reported 467 cases since 1990.
(SFC, 11/25/00, p.A16)
2001 Jan 14, Pres. Sampaio won
re-election with 55.8% of the vote. The turnout was a record low.
(WSJ, 1/15/01, p.A1)
2001 Jan 24, Portugal Telecom
and Spain’s Telefonica announced today the formation of a US$ 10
billion Strategic Joint Venture ("JV") for mobile services in
Brazil. The resulting entity, named Vivo, was formed from seven
assorted mobile units they already controlled.
(Econ, 5/22/10, p.71)(http://tinyurl.com/2cxlgd4)
2001 Feb, Workers began felling
trees for a new reservoir to be created by a 315-foot-high dam
across the Guadiana River.
(SFC, 2/13/01, p.D3)
2001 Mar 4, In Portugal a
bridge over the Douro River near Penafiel collapsed and at least 70
people in a bus and 2 cars plunged into the river and were killed.
(SFC, 3/5/01, p.A12)(WSJ, 3/5/01, p.A1)(WSJ,
2001 Jul 1, In Portugal a
nationwide law took effect to decriminalize the personal use and
possession of all drugs.
2001 Jul 31, Gen. Francisco da
Costa Gomes died at age 87. He had helped transition Portugal to a
(SFC, 8/4/01, p.E2)
2001 Dec 16, The Social
Democratic Party lost heavily to the Socialists in local elections.
PM Antonio Guterres resigned following the results.
(SFC, 12/18/01, p.A7)
2002 Mar 17, In Portugal the
Social Democrats won elections with 40% of the vote to 37.85% for
the Socialists. The SD gained 102 seats and the Popular Party won 14
giving them a majority in the 230-seat parliament. Jose Manuel Durao
Barroso became prime minister.
(SFC, 3/18/02, p.A5)(Econ, 3/27/04, p.51)
2002 Sep 7, In Portugal the
town of Reguengos de Monsaraz openly flouted a new bullfighting law,
killing a bull in the ring without government permission, and
selling the beef for human consumption afterward. The matador and
the festival organizers will be arraigned in the first legal test of
the new anti-bullfighting law. Killing in the bullring had been
banned since 1928. However, Parliament voted in July to allow bulls
to be put to death, but only in cities and towns that have carried
on the bullfighting tradition for 50 years or more.
2002 Sep 18, Abu Salem, alleged
terrorist mastermind, Mafia boss and one of India's most wanted men,
was arrested in Portugal. Salem is accused by Indian police of being
involved in the country's worst bombing attack, which killed 257
people in Bombay in 1993, as well as a string of murder and
2002 Dec 10, In Portugal a
national strike forced schools to cancel classes, reduced hospital
care to emergency treatment, left garbage uncollected and clogged
roads with traffic as most public transport stopped running.
2002 Antonio Lobos Antunes
authored his novel "The Return of the Caravels." It reflected the
use of modernist narrative collage technique.
(SSFC, 3/10/02, p.M3)
2003 Aug 3, The worst wildfires
in 20 years raged across central Portugal, killing at least nine
people. The fires this year killed 18 people and destroyed 1.05
million acres of forest.
(AP, 8/4/03)(Econ, 8/27/05, p.42)
2003 Sep 12, In Portugal's
Madeira Islands a small airplane crashed into the sea, apparently
killing all nine people on board. The Beechcraft 200 was carrying
eight Spaniards and a British pilot from the islands off northwest
Africa to the southern Spanish city of Malaga.
2003 Dec 29, In Portugal 9 men
and one woman were charged with sexually abusing minors and
adolescents, rape and organizing a pedophile ring at the state-run
Casa Pia home. Among those indicted were 2 popular television
personalities, a lawmaker and a retired ambassador.
2004 Jul 10, Maria de Lourdes
Pintasilgo (74), the only woman to serve as Portugal's prime
minister (1979), died of heart failure.
2004 Jul 18, Pedro Santana
Lopes was sworn in as PM of Portugal's 16th constitutional
government at a ceremony with President Jorge Sampaio.
2004 Nov, Manuel Durao Barroso,
former PM of Portugal, took over as head of the European Commission.
(Econ, 2/19/05, p.52)
2005 Jan 1, Portugal was
forecast for 2.3% annual GDP growth with a population at 10.4
million and GDP per head at $17,680.
(Econ, 1/8/05, p.89)
2005 Jan 4, Portugal’s national
meteorology office said many regions, including the southernmost
province of Algarve, the country's main tourism center, are facing
their worst drought in over a decade.
2005 Feb 20, Portugal voted in
an early general election. Socialists led by Jose Socrates swept PM
Pedro Santana Lopes' centre-right Social Democrats from office on
the back of rising unemployment.
(AFP, 2/20/05)(Econ, 2/26/05, p.49)
2005 Mar 12, In Portugal Jose
Socrates was sworn in as PM vowing to keep friendly ties with the US
despite naming a foreign minister who has compared Pres. Bush to
2005 May, In Portugal an audit
estimated that the nation’s deficit could reach 7% of GDP this year,
well over the 1999 EU limit of 3%.
(Econ, 5/28/05, p.53)
2005 Jun 11, Vasco Goncalves
(83), former Portugal prime minister (1974-1975), died. He played a
key part in the 1974 April revolution that toppled 48 years of
2005 Jun 13, Alvaro Cunhal
(91), Portuguese Communist leader, died. He led Portugal's CP for
half a century and became a national hero after the overthrow of the
2005 Jun 22, The European
Union's head office told Portugal to cut its burgeoning budget
deficit and public debt, saying the country's economic slowdown was
no excuse for violating euro-zone rules on sound finances.
2005 Aug 13, Fires at a rate of
400 per day began breaking out in Portugal.
(Econ, 8/27/05, p.42)
2005 Aug 22, In Portugal
wildfires fanned by high winds burned out of control, destroying
more than 10 houses on the outskirts of Coimbra, Portugal's
third-largest city, forcing 50 people to leave their homes amid the
country's worst drought in years.
2005 Oct 2, Portuguese Prime
Minister Jose Socrates met Libyan leader Moamer Kadhafi in Tripoli,
as Libya continues its bid to warm relations with the West.
2005 Oct 3, In northern and
central Portugal 11 wildfires burned out of control amid the
country's worst drought on record.
2005 Nov 18, In Afghanistan a
Portuguese soldier was killed and three others were wounded when an
explosion struck their vehicles outside Kabul.
2005 Dec 10, China and Portugal
vowed to boost their economic cooperation in resource-rich former
Portuguese colonies in Africa as the premiers of the two nations
attended a business conference in Lisbon.
2006 Jan 22, Portugal voted in
a presidential election. Anibal Cavaco Silva (66), a former
centre-right prime minister (1985-1995), won over his five left-wing
rivals. He has pledged to help lead Portugal out of an economic
slump and supports deeper European Union integration.
2006 Feb 21, Portugal's
President Jorge Sampaio was granted honorary citizenship of East
Timor as he began a three-day official trip to the former Portuguese
2006 Feb 25, Portugal and the
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) signed an accord that
could lead to technology partnerships in the Iberian nation.
2006 Mar 31, A Portuguese court
convicted 96 people, including 81 police officers, in a corruption
case involving bribes for dismissed traffic fines.
2006 May 25, PM John Howard
increased Australia’s contingent to Timor-Leste to some 1,300
troops. 500 Malaysians and troops from New Zealand and Portugal were
(Econ, 6/3/06, p.15)
2006 Jun, Off the northern
coast of Portugal Ocean Power Delivery began hooking up 3 Pelamis
Wave Energy Converters to the national power grid. This was the
first stage of a planned 24-megawatt wave-power farm.
(Econ, 6/10/06, Survey p.11)
2006 Jul 5, France beat
Portugal 1-0 and will play Italy for Soccer’s World Cup on July 9.
(WSJ, 7/6/06, p.A1)
2006 Oct 23, Portuguese bank
BPI said it will open 30 new branches in fast-growing Angola next
year, bringing its total number of outlets in the oil-rich
southwestern African nation to 100 by the end of 2007.
2006 Nov 4, Swathes of Austria,
Belgium, Croatia, France, Italy, Spain, Portugal, and the
Netherlands and went dark for up to an hour in the late evening as
cold Germans rushing to switch on heaters sucked up electricity from
Europe's interconnected networks.
2007 Feb 11, Portugal held a
national referendum on whether to discard its strict abortion law, a
battle that pits the Socialist government against conservative
parties and the Catholic Church. Almost 60 percent of voters
approved the referendum allowing women to opt for abortions up to
the 10th week of pregnancy.
(AP, 2/11/07)(AP, 2/12/07)
2007 Feb 12, Portugal's prime
minister said he will enact more liberal abortion laws in the
conservative Roman Catholic country even though his proposal to
relax restrictions failed to win complete endorsement in a
2007 Mar 8, Portugal's
parliament voted overwhelmingly to legalize abortion up until the
10th week of pregnancy, a major step in bringing this small Roman
Catholic nation in line with most of its European neighbors.
2007 Mar 16, Portugal said it
is closing its embassy in Baghdad because of security concerns.
2007 May 3, Madeleine McCann
(3), a British girl, was kidnapped from her bed in a Portuguese
beach resort while her parents dined nearby.
2007 Jun 21, Portugal
introduced a new law that allows abortion up to the 10th week of
pregnancy, but imposes a three-day reflection period for women
seeking the procedure and grants doctors the right to opt out on
2007 Jul 1, Portugal took over
the rotating EU presidency.
(Econ, 7/7/07, p.14)
2007 Jul 4, On the historic
occasion of their first summit, the EU and Brazil decided to
establish a comprehensive strategic partnership, based on their
close historical, cultural and economic ties. Brazil and EU leaders
met in Lisbon, Portugal.
2007 Sep 7, Portuguese police
suggested that Kate McCann (39), the mother of a toddler whose
disappearance sparked international headlines, accidentally killed
her daughter Madeleine, who disappeared on May 3.
2007 Sep 9, The British couple
named as suspects in the disappearance of their 4-year-old daughter
returned to England, days after being grilled by Portuguese police
about new forensic evidence authorities believe ties them to the
2007 Oct 19,
European Union leaders in Portugal endorsed a reform treaty to
replace their failed European constitution and give the 27-nation
union a more influential say in world affairs. The new Treaty of
Lisbon created 2 new posts, a European foreign minister in all but
name and a new standing president of the European Council.
(AP, 10/19/07)(Econ, 10/27/07, p.64)
2007 Oct 29, In Portugal senior
officials from the EU, three US states (California, New York, New
Jersey), Canada, Norway and New Zealand launched the International
Carbon Action Partnership (ICAP), an international effort to fight
climate change by building a global carbon trading market.
2007 Oct, The first commercial
wave farm was set up off the coast of Portugal. The system was
created at Pelamis Wave Power, a firm based in Scotland.
(Econ, 6/7/08, TQ p.22)
2007 Nov 5, A bus collided with
a car on a highway in central Portugal and rolled down a slope,
killing at least 12 people.
2007 Nov 27, Mozambique
formally took over from Portugal the control of Cahora Bassa
hydroelectric dam, Africa's second most important after that of
Aswan in Egypt.
2008 Jan 4, The annual 5,760
Dakar Rally was canceled on the eve of the race across the Sahara
Desert because of terror threats and the recent Christmas Eve
killings of a French family in Mauritania blamed on al-Qaida-linked
militants. The race, organized by the France-based Amaury Sport
Organization (ASO), had been due to start in Lisbon, Portugal, and
finish in Dakar, Senegal, on Jan. 20.
(AP, 1/4/08)(WSJ, 1/5/08, p.A1)
2008 Mar 24, Portugal's
President Anibal Cavaco Silva began a 3-day official visit to
Mozambique, where members of his government have signed four
2008 Sep 23, Portugal's
Socialist government began the roll-out of 500,000 ultra-cheap
laptops for school children in a program that the government said
could be extended to Venezuela. While the Magellan computer will be
assembled in Portugal by a company called JP Sa Couto, it is based
on Intel's Classmate PC, a cheap computer that has been adopted in
various formats in countries such as Brazil and Indonesia.
2008 Oct 10, Portugal's
Parliament voted by a large majority against proposals to allow
same-sex marriages in the mostly Roman Catholic country.
2009 Jan 21, Portugal became
the 3rd euro zone country this month, after Spain and Greece, to
have its credit rating cut by Standard & Poor’s.
(WSJ, 1/22/09, p.A9)
2009 Feb 17, In Portugal
Conchita Cintron (b.1922), Peruvian-born matador, died. She faced
her first bull at age 13 and made her premier at the main arena in
Lima in 1937. She reportedly killed over 750 bulls during her career
(SFC, 2/20/09, p.B8)(Econ, 3/7/09, p.93)
2009 Mar 17, Portuguese police
said they have captured more than 7.7 tons (7 metric tons) of
hashish from Morocco with an estimated street value of more than
euro70 million (US$91 million). Police said they netted the drug in
a series of coordinated operations over three days beginning last
2009 Apr 26, Pope Benedict XVI
named five new saints, including Portugal's 14th century
independence leader and an Italian priest who ministered to factory
workers at the dawn of the industrial era.
2009 May 1, Special forces on a
Portuguese warship seized explosives from suspected Somali pirates
after thwarting an attack on an oil tanker, but later freed the 19
men. Hours later and hundreds of miles away, another band of pirates
hijacked a cargo ship. The captain and 23 crew were all Ukrainians
and the Greek-owned, Maltese-flagged Ariana was carrying a cargo of
soya from Brazil to Iran when pirates attacked it southwest of the
Seychelles islands. The Ariana was freed on Dec 10 following a
ransom payment of $2.8 million by Athens-based Alloceans Shipping.
(AP, 5/2/09)(AP, 12/10/09)
2009 Jun 21, The Portuguese
foreign minister said his country will take in 2-3 Guantanamo Bay
detainees once they are released by the US detention camp.
2009 Jun 22, Pirates off
Somalia were chased down and captured by NATO’s Portuguese warship,
the Corte-real, after an attempted hijacking of a Singaporean
(SFC, 6/23/09, p.A2)
2009 Aug 7, Portugal said it
has agreed to take two Syrian detainees from Guantanamo prison.
2009 Aug 21, A landslide at
Portugal’s Maria Luisa beach in Albufeira on the Algarve coast
killed five people and injured at least four.
2009 Aug 29, Portugal’s
government said 2 Syrians previously held at Guantanamo Bay have
arrived in Portugal as free men.
2009 Sep 16, The European
Parliament gave Jose Manuel Barroso another five-year term as
European Commission president, but its vote reflected lingering
misgivings about the conservative ex-Portuguese premier.
2009 Sep 27, Portugal voted in
parliamentary elections that are predicted to keep the Socialist
Party in power despite the highest jobless rate in over 20 years.
The center-left Socialist Party of PM Jose Socrates retained power
winning 36.5% of the vote compared with 29% for the center-right
Social Democratic Party. Turnout was about 60%.
(AP, 9/27/09)(SFC, 9/28/09, p.A2)(Econ, 10/3/09,
2009 Portugal’s budget deficit
for the year reached 9.3% of GDP.
(Econ, 1/30/10, p.84)
2010 Jan 8, Portugal's
parliament passed a bill that would make the predominantly Catholic
nation the sixth in Europe to permit gay marriage.
2010 Jan 9, Four suspected
members of the Basque separatist group ETA were arrested in Portugal
and France, one driving a van loaded with explosives near a police
barracks. two police officers stopped the van in Spain when their
suspicions were raised by its French license plates. The driver of
the van then pushed passed the police and proceeded to flee the
scene driving off in their patrol car which he stole. The police
alerted their Portuguese counterparts who rapidly arrested the man
and a woman, who had been following the van in a presumed getaway
vehicle with French plates.
2010 Feb 5, Portuguese police
seized a large amount of explosives at a home being used by Basque
separatist group ETA as a base to prepare attacks in neighboring
2010 Feb 20, On Portugal’s
Madeira Islands torrential flash floods and mudslides killed at
least 42 people in the capital city of Funchal. The number of people
missing soon rose to 29.
(AP, 2/21/10)(AP, 2/22/10)(AP, 2/23/10)(AP,
2010 Feb 28, A violent late
winter storm named Xynthia battered France, Spain, Portugal and
Germany with fierce rain and hurricane-strength winds. The storm
smashed sea walls and killed at least 62 people across western
(AP, 2/28/10)(AP, 3/1/10)(SFC, 3/2/10, p.A2)
2010 Mar 8, Portugal announced
new austerity measures to avoid a debt crisis like the one engulfing
Greece, cutting welfare benefits and government hiring as well as
selling assets and raising taxes on the well-off.
2010 Mar 24, Fitch Ratings, a
leading credit rating agency, downgraded Portugal's debt amid
growing concerns about the government's ability to service its
borrowings, another piece of bad news for the eurozone as it
struggles to deal with a debt crisis.
2010 May 17, Portugal’s Pres.
Anibal Cavaco Silva said he would not veto a new law allowing
same-sex marriages because majority liberal lawmakers would only
override his decision.
(SFC, 5/18/10, p.A3)
2010 Jun 7, In Portugal a
lesbian couple wed in the country’s first same-sex ceremony since
the predominantly Catholic country introduced a law allowing gay
marriage last month.
2010 Jun 18, Jose Saramago
(b.1922), 1998 Nobel-winning Portuguese writer, died at his home in
the Canary Islands. His 1992 novel “The Gospel According to Jesus
Christ" was condemned by Portugal’s ministry of culture as
heretical. He accused the government of censorship and moved to the
(SFC, 6/19/10, p.C6)(Econ, 7/10/10, p.83)
2010 Aug 14, In Portugal more
than 600 firefighters battled at least 26 serious wildfire outbreaks
fanned by gusting winds in three separate areas.
2010 Sep 3, A Portuguese court
found six men and one woman guilty of crimes relating to child sex
abuse in a major trial that lasted nearly six years. All seven
defendants were found guilty of crimes including sexually abusing
minors and adolescents, raping children and running a pedophile ring
at the Casa Pia, a state-run children's home in Lisbon during the
2010 Sep 8, In northern Morocco
9 Portuguese tourists were killed and 14 injured when their tour bus
plunged into a ravine.
2010 Oct 5, Portugal's Pres.
Anibal Cavaco Silva opened a new cancer and neuroscience research
center in Lisbon that aims to be among the world's best.
2010 Oct 12, At the United
Nations Colombia, Germany, India, Portugal and South Africa were
elected to join the big guns on the UN Security Council for two
years, starting in January.
2010 Nov 7, In Portugal Chinese
President Hu Jintao pledged to support Portugal's efforts to emerge
from financial crisis, but he did not commit to purchasing
Portuguese debt as was widely anticipated.
2010 Nov 19, NATO leaders began
a 2-day meeting in Portugal. A top official said it will start
drawing down its troops in Afghanistan next July and its combat role
in the war-torn nation will end by 2014 or earlier so security can
be turned over to the Afghans. NATO leaders planned to approve a new
10-year vision for NATO.
(AP, 11/19/10)(Reuters, 11/19/10)
2010 Nov 20, NATO nations
meeting in Portugal formally agreed to start turning over
Afghanistan's security to its military next year and give them full
control by 2014. The US and its allies appeared to take conflicting
views on when NATO combat operations would end. NATO
Secretary-General Anders Fogh Rasmussen said he did not expect NATO
troops to stay in the fight against the Taliban after 2014. Russia
was receptive but stopped short of accepting a historic NATO
invitation to join a missile shield protecting Europe against
(AP, 11/20/10)(Reuters, 11/20/10)
2010 Nov 24, Portuguese labor
unions mounted a general strike, pressing the government to scrap
austerity measures intended to ward off a debt crisis spreading
through the euro zone.
2010 Nov 26, Portugal adopted a
raft of debt-reducing austerity measures, which the government
claimed would be enough to restore market confidence in its public
finances without resorting to a bailout.
2010 Nov 30, Investors sold off
government bonds from Spain, Portugal and Italy amid worries that
Europe's debt crisis has not been contained by Ireland's bailout but
will force more expensive rescue efforts.
2010 Dec 1, Portugal suffered
another blow when its borrowing costs rose sharply in a government
Treasury bill auction, but officials insisted the debt-ridden
country could survive without an international bailout.
2011 Jan 7, In NYC Carlos
Castro (65), a gay Portuguese TV reporter, was found castrated and
bludgeoned to death at the InterContinental Hotel. His young
boyfriend, model Renato Seabra (21) was arrested by police.
(SSFC, 1/9/11, p.A11)
2011 Jan 10, Portugal's
borrowing rates briefly spiked to euro-era highs amid reports that
Germany and France are pushing it to accept outside help to avoid
2011 Jan 11, Portugal insisted
it doesn't need a bailout and criticized its European partners for
not doing enough to shield the euro from a debt crisis that has
already forced Greece and Ireland to seek outside help.
2011 Jan 23, Portuguese voted
in an election looking certain to return President Anibal Cavaco
Silva for a second term, a result that would uphold the government's
efforts to avoid an international financial bailout.
2011 Mar 9, Portugal's two-year
cost of borrowing hit the highest level since it joined the euro in
a bond auction. The government said yields were unsustainable in the
long run without Europe-wide action.
2011 Mar 12, In Portugal some
30,000 young people rallied in Lisbon to vent frustration over grim
(SSFC, 3/13/11, p.A4)
2011 Mar 23, Portugal’s PM Jose
Socrates resigned after parliament rejected new austerity measures
that his government unveiled to avoid being forced to seek EU/IMF
2011 Mar 24, Portugal's
financial collapse appeared inevitable, as markets took the
government's resignation as proof the debt-heavy country will lose
its year-long battle to avoid a bailout and deliver another setback
to Europe's efforts to boost confidence in the euro.
2011 Mar 25, European leaders
agreed a new package of anti-crisis measures at a two-day summit,
but were forced to delay increasing their rescue fund and
acknowledged they faced new threats from a government collapse in
2011 Mar 28, Portugal's
financial tailspin gathered speed despite political efforts to
contain the acute debt crisis that is also unnerving the 17-nation
2011 Apr 1, Debt-stressed
Portugal got some respite from its financial troubles when it
managed to borrow euro1.645 billion ($2.3 billion) in a bond
2011 Apr 6, Portugal applied to
the EU for help after paying prohibitively high interest rates to
raise badly needed fresh funds to cover mounting debt as the market
bet it will have to seek a bailout sooner rather than later.
(AFP, 4/6/11)(Econ, 4/9/11, p.81)
2011 Apr 8, Europe's top
financial officials said that debt-ridden Portugal will need around
euro80 billion ($114 billion) in rescue loans and that negotiations
over a full, multiyear bailout program will begin immediately.
2011 May 3, Portugal announced
a bailout of 78 billion euros by the IMF, the EU and the European
Central Bank to avoid default. The conditions as well as the key
reaction of opposition parties remain unclear.
2011 May 5, Officials said
Portugal will get IMF loans at rates similar to those granted to
Greece and Ireland, but Lisbon is still waiting for fellow European
countries to decide how much they'll charge for their slice of a
euro78 billion ($115 billion) bailout.
2011 May 20, The IMF approved
providing Portugal with $36.8 billion as part of a rescue package to
help the country tackle its debt.
(SFC, 5/21/11, p.D2)
2011 Jun 5, Portugal voted in
an early election to decide who implements a 78 billion euro bailout
deal, with the opposition favorites to win after six years of
Socialist rule and near financial collapse. The Social Democratic
Party, led by Pedro Passos Coelho (46), elected 105 lawmakers to the
230-seat parliament compared to 73 for the 2nd place socialists.
(AFP, 6/5/11)(SFC, 6/6/11, p.A4)(Econ, 6/11/11,
2011 Jun 21, Portugal's new
coalition government took office, charged with steering the
debt-heavy country out of an acute financial crisis that forced it
to take a euro78 billion ($112 billion) bailout and contributed to
Europe's debt woes.
2011 Jul 5, Moody’s Investor
Service cut Portugal’s debt to junk status, a decision condemned by
all of Europe. Europe Central Bank pres. Jean-Claude Trichet called
for a European-based rating agency.
(SSFC, 7/10/11, p.A4)
2011 Sep 26, In Portugal George
Wright (68), named as one of the hijackers of a Delta flight in
1972, was taken into custody by local police. The US government
sought his extradition for escaping from a New Jersey jail after
being convicted of murder. Wright was convicted of the 1962 murder
of gas station owner Walter Patterson, a decorated World War II
veteran shot during a robbery at his business in Wall, New Jersey.
In November a Lisbon court denied the US request for his
(AP, 9/28/11)(AP, 11/17/11)
2011 Oct 24, In Portugal an
overnight storm tore part of the roof off Faro airport in the
southern Algarve region, injuring five people and disrupting
2011 Nov 24, Portugal’s credit
rating was downgraded to junk status and a major strike gave voice
to broad public outrage over austerity measures that have
squeezed living standards.
(SFC, 11/25/11, p.A8)
2011 Maria Antonia Pinto de
Matos of Lisbon authored “The RA Collection of Chinese Ceramics: A
(Econ, 11/19/11, p.97)
2012 Jan 13, France was
stripped of its top-notch credit rating by Standard & Poor’s.
S&P downgraded 8 other countries including Austria, Italy,
Spain, Portugal, Malta, Cyprus, Slovakia and Slovenia.
(SFC, 1/14/12, p.A2)(SSFC, 1/15/12, p.A5)
2012 Oct 4, Transport strikes
in Portugal brought misery for thousands of commuters. Trade unions
vowed to step up their fight against the government's latest batch
of austerity measures.
2012 Nov 14, Workers across the
European Union sought to present a united front against rampant
unemployment and government spending cuts with a string of strikes
and demonstrations across the region. In Belgium a 24-hour rail
stoppage and scattered strikes through the south of the nation
disrupted daily life. A Spanish strike shut down most schools and
while hospitals operated with a skeleton staff. In Portugal the
second general strike in eight months left commuters stranded as
trains ground to a virtual halt.
2013 Feb 11, Angola received a
boost to its free speech from the Portuguese courts, which refused
to allow Angolan generals to stop the publication of the book
“"Blood Diamonds: Corruption and Torture in Angola" by Rafael
Marques. It exposed corruption and human rights abuses in the
country's lucrative diamond mines.
2013 Mar 23, Spanish,
Portuguese and British police boarded a ship loaded with nearly two
tons of cocaine destined for sale in Europe and arrested nine
people. The ship was in the Atlantic Ocean, some 700 miles southwest
of Portugal's Cape Verde islands.
2013 Apr 5, Portugal’s
constitutional court struck down previously planned cuts in public
sector pay, pensions and benefits.
(Econ, 4/13/13, p.54)
2013 Apr 12, European Union
finance ministers said they've agreed to extend the repayment of
emergency loans to Ireland and Portugal for a further seven years,
easing the pressure on both countries to exit their bailout programs
and resume normal borrowing.
2013 May 29, The EU granted
France, Spain, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal and Slovenia more time
to bring their budget deficits under control to support the bloc's
shrinking economy. The European Commission approved France’s request
to postpone by 2 years the target of cutting its budget deficit to
3% of GDP.
(AP, 5/29/13)(Econ, 6/1/13, p.55)
2013 May 30, In Portugal a
24-hour strike by Lisbon subway staff snarled rush-hour traffic,
heralding a new spate of planned strikes against the bailed-out
country's austerity policies.
2013 Jun 4, Brazilian police
said they have dismantled an international drug trafficking ring
that for almost two years sent cocaine from Colombia and Bolivia to
Portugal hidden in crates containing frozen fish.
2013 Jun 27, Portuguese unions
halted public transport in a peaceful one-day strike against
austerity measures which have led to the worst economic slump since
the 1970s and sent unemployment to record levels.
2013 Jul 5, Portugal's PM Pedro
Passos Coelho reached a deal with the ruling coalition's junior
partner CDS-PP to resolve a rift which has threatened the country's
adjustment program under a bailout.
2013 Jul 11, Portugal's Pres.
Anibal Cavaco Silva threw the bailed-out euro zone country into
disarray after rejecting a plan to heal a government rift, igniting
what critics called a "time bomb" by calling for early elections
2013 Jul 22, Portuguese
financial markets cheered the decision to allow the fragile
coalition government to remain in charge, eliminating for now the
prospect of snap elections and more political uncertainty.
2013 Aug 27, In Portugal and
Spain firefighters and local residents struggled to tackle raging
wildfires that have consumed large swathes of forest, claiming the
lives of 4 emergency workers. Almost 31,000 hectares (77,000 acres)
of Portugal's countryside has already been destroyed by fire this
2013 Sep 29, Portugal held
municipal elections. The government said it won't stop its unpopular
austerity measures, even if it's a big loser in the elections. The
ruling Social Democrats took a heavy beating as voters passed their
verdict on national austerity measures accompanying the country's
2011 bailout by international lenders.
(AP, 9/29/13)(Reuters, 9/30/13)
2013 Oct 3, Officials said
Portugal has passed the latest test of its compliance with the terms
of its bailout and qualified for around 5.5 billion euros ($7.5
billion) in further funding from creditors.
2013 Oct 19, Thousands of
Portuguese protested against new wage and pension cuts in the
country's 2014 budget and demanded the resignation of the
2013 Oct 24, Portuguese
authorities said prosecutors have ordered police to reopen their
investigation into the six-year-old disappearance of British girl
Madeleine McCann after a review of the evidence found new leads.
2013 Oct 31, In Portugal Lisbon
subway workers walked off the job for the fifth time this year to
protest government austerity measures being enacted in return for
Portugal's 2011 bailout.
2013 Nov 8, In Portugal a
24-hour strike by government workers disrupted public services as
labor groups continue their battle against pay and pension cuts and
the loss of entitlements.
2013 Dec 14, In Portugal a
group of students plunged into the winter surf off Meco, a small
village south of Lisbon where they had rented a house. Over the next
12 days their corpses were discovered one by one. Four women and two
men perished, all aged between 21 and 24.
2013 Dec 17, Guinea-Bissau's
Interior Minister Antonio Suka Ntchama became the second minister to
step down in the tiny West African country amid an investigation
into how 74 Syrians boarded a flight to Portugal with fake
2014 Jan 5, Portuguese football
legend Eusebio (71), the top scorer in the 1966 World Cup, died. The
Mozambique-born striker made his name at Benfica, winning 11 league
titles and one European Cup during a 15-year spell there.
2014 Jun 12, Portugal's
government said it is forgoing the final 2.6 billion-euro ($3.5
billion) instalment of its three-year bailout package because it
cannot meet creditors' deadlines for the latest promised austerity
measures, which have run into legal challenges.
2014 Aug 3, Portugal’s Banco
Espirito Santo (BES), 20% owned by the Espirito Santo family, was
restructured following losses of $4.9b.
(Econ, 8/9/14, p.60)
2014 Aug 9, In Portugal dozens
of flights were cancelled as pilots from the national TAP airline
took strike action over working conditions.
2014 Sep 24, Nurses in Portugal
began a 48-hour strike over pay, working hours and what they say is
an acute shortage of staff in the public health service.
2014 Oct 5, In Portugal
hundreds of teachers from across the country demonstrated in Lisbon
to protest government education policies, especially spending cuts.
(SFC, 10/6/14, p.A2)
2014 Oct 21, The Portuguese
government's plan to privatize debt-heavy public transport companies
met tough opposition from trade unions as Lisbon subway workers
walked off the job for the 12th time this year.
2014 Nov 10, Portuguese health
authorities said an outbreak of Legionnaire's disease has caused
five deaths and sickened about 38 people over the past week in a
cluster of small towns about 35 km (20 miles) north of Lisbon.
2014 Nov 13, In Portugal police
detained 11 people, including the head of the border agency. Police
suspected that some properties bought to obtain a golden visa may
have gone for less than the required €500,000 minimum. On Nov 16
interior minister Miguel Macedo resigned.
(Econ, 11/22/14, p.48)
2014 Nov 15, Portuguese and
Spanish police said they have arrested 15 people, including two
Spanish police, on suspicion of trying to smuggle 2.1 metric tons of
hashish into Spain hidden inside a concrete mixer truck.
2014 Nov 21, Portuguese police
arrested former Socialist PM Jose Socrates (57) and three other
people in an investigation of suspected tax fraud, corruption and
2014 Nov 27, Portuguese police
said they have seized around 20 metric tons of hashish from a
fishing vessel at sea, despite the crew's efforts to sink the ship
by exploding a drum of gas.
2014 Dec 2, Portugal's national
airline endured its fifth walkout this year, with a 24-hour strike
by cabin crew grounding around 200 flights.
2015 Mar 3, Portuguese PM Pedro
Passos Coelho admitted he is "not perfect" after it was revealed
over the weekend that he failed to pay his social security
contributions during five years, before he came to office.
2015 Mar 4, France, Portugal
and Spain sealed the agreement on boosting energy cooperation in
Madrid as a major step toward breaking Europe's dependence on
Russian gas supplies.
2015 Apr 2, In Portugal a rail
strike began. The Federation of Transport and Communications Unions
says rail company Comboios de Portugal is not paying the full amount
due to workers for vacation pay and for working on public holidays.
2015 Apr 30, Portugal's
government appealed to pilots at flag carrier TAP to call off a
10-day strike that it says would damage tourism and could ruin the
airline, scuppering a privatization process scheduled to start next
2015 May 19, In Portugal the
Metropolitano de Lisboa shut down for 24 hours as staff kept up
their fight to stop the government granting private companies
concessions to operate services.
2015 May, Portugal and Spain
recorded record temperatures at levels noramlly only reached in
(SFC, 5/16/15, p.A2)
2015 Jun 4, In Portugal nurses
in the public health system began a 48-hour walkout to protest pay
cuts and working conditions disrupting services at hospitals and
2015 Jun 8, Portugal's finance
ministry said it intends to pay back this month almost 2 billion
euros ($2.2 billion) it owes to the International Monetary Fund.
2015 Jun 17, In southern
Portugal a bus carrying Dutch tourists crashed, killing 3 tourists
and injuring 30 others and the Portuguese bus driver.
2015 Jul 1, In Portugal a new
law covering the so-called Golden Visa program, started three years
ago, came into force. But the government failed to set required
administrative procedures, leaving the Foreigners' Service unable to
2015 Jul 9, In Portugal Armando
Vara (61), a deputy minister in two Socialist governments between
1995-2000, was arrested on suspicion of corruption, tax fraud and
money-laundering. A court last year sentenced Vara to five years in
prison for influence-peddling in a major corruption case but, as is
usual in Portugal, he was set free while he awaits the outcome of
2015 Jul 17, Portugal's
government said it has approved new procedures it hopes will remove
legal obstacles that have halted granting residence permits to
wealthy investors from outside the European Union. A new law
covering the program came into force July 1. But the government
failed to set required administrative procedures, leaving the
Foreigners' Service unable to issue permits.
2015 Jul 22, In Portugal
lawmakers in the center-right government coalition used their
majority to amend the 2007 law that granted abortion on demand up to
the 10th week of pregnancy. Women seeking an abortion in Portugal
will now have to pay for the procedure and attend mandatory prior
2015 Aug 6, A report by
Portugal's weather monitoring service said 79 percent of the country
is experiencing severe or extreme drought conditions after eight
months of below-average rainfall.
2015 Aug 16, In Portugal former
Serb army commander Mile Mrksic (68), serving a 20-year sentence for
his role in the massacre of Croats during the Balkans wars, died in
Lisbon. The former officer in the Yugoslav army (JNA), was convicted
in 2007 by the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former
Yugoslavia (ICTY) for aiding and abetting the torture and murder of
nearly 200 civilians in Vukovar in eastern Croatia in 1991.
2015 Oct 4, Portugal voted in
an election seen as a test of four years of austerity, with the
center-right coalition that pushed through the punishing bailout
seen as the favorite, but unlikely to win a clear mandate.