Timeline Puntland

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1998        Abdulahhi Yusuf (Yussuf) was elected by elders in Puntland. Yusuf was later challenged by Jama Ali Jama.
    (SSFC, 1/6/02, p.A7)
2001        Nov 25, Ethiopia sent troops into the northeastern Somali region of Puntland to help Col. Abdullahi Yussuf (Yusuf) regain power. Yussuf was overthrown Aug 26 after his 3-year term ended. On Nov 21 Yussuf launched an attack on Garoweh, the capital of Puntland and said it was to crush Islamic terrorists.
    (SFC, 11/26/01, p.A11)(WSJ, 11/28/01, p.A10)
2005        Aug 31, Some 200 Somalis and Ethiopians left Somalia's semiautonomous Puntland region in two boats. Smugglers making the illegal crossing from Somalia to Yemen forced passengers into the Red Sea at gunpoint 10 miles from the Yemeni coastline, leaving at least 57 dead and about 100 missing.
    (AP, 9/5/05)
2006        Nov 20, Gen. Addeh Museh, the president of the semiautonomous region of Puntland, said he will rule according to Islamic law, a surprising move in a relatively stable area that has resisted the spread of Islamic militants who control most of southern Somalia.
    (AP, 11/20/06)
2008        Oct 29, In northern Somalia 5 suicide car bombs attacks killed 28 people in Hargeisa, the capital of Somaliland, and in Bosasso, Puntland. Somali authorities arrested Cleric Sheik Mohamed Ismail in connection with the attacks.
    (AP, 10/30/08)(SFC, 10/30/08, p.A4)
2009        Nov 11, In Somalia gunmen in Bossaso killed High Court Judge Mohamed Abdi Aware, a top judge who had sentenced many pirates and human traffickers to long jail terms. 3 men were arrested the next day over the killing. Puntland legislator Ibrahim Ilmi Warsame was also shot dead as he sat in a restaurant with friends.
    (AP, 11/12/09)
2011        Sep 2, Puntland soldiers raided neighborhoods searching for gunmen linked to Al Qaeda-inspired Shebab militants. At least 21 people were killed and 31 others wounded in two days of heavy fighting on the border of Somalia proper and the breakaway state of Puntland.
    (AFP, 9/2/11)
2012        Feb 18, Somalia's disparate leaders agreed on the basic structure of a new parliament and government to replace the fragile transitional body that has failed to bring peace to the war-torn country. The accord proposed a parliamentary system for anarchic Somalia, with both Puntland and Galmudug recognized as states within a federal system.
    (AFP, 2/19/12)
2012        Jun 28, In Dubai Somali President Sharif Sheikh Ahmed and his counterpart Ahmed Mohamed Silanyo of Somaliland agreed to boost cooperation between their different factions. The two men signed the "Dubai Charter" in the presence of the leaders of Puntland and Galmudug, two self-proclaimed autonomous regions in Somalia.
    (AFP, 6/28/12)
2012        Jul 20, Puntland security forces of the semi-autonomous region in northern Somalia seized a boat carrying weapons that were being smuggled from al-Qaida militants in Yemen to fighters in Somalia.
    (AP, 7/21/12)
2012        Dec 23, Puntland forces, after a two-week siege, captured back the Panamanian-flagged MV Iceburg 1 and rescued 22 hostages who had been held by pirates since May 29, 2010. The hijackers had killed a Yemeni sailor who tried to escape. The pirates near the coastal village of Gara’ad escaped.
    (SFC, 12/24/12, p.A2)(AP, 12/29/12)
2013        Feb 11, Somali police said a suicide car bomb attack targeting a senior Puntland police commander in Galkayo killed only the bomber.
    (AP, 2/11/13)
2013        Apr 30, In the Puntland region of Somalia 13 prisoners were executed by firing squad on the outskirts of Bossaso. One soldier who helped carry out the execution died after being struck by an errant bullet fired by a colleague.
    (AP, 4/30/13)
2013        Jul 7, In Somalia journalist Liban Abdullahi Farah was gunned down in Galkayo, Puntland province. He was the 6th journalist to die violently in Somalia this year.
    (Econ, 8/3/13, p.44)(http://tinyurl.com/oafs6e7)
2013        Nov 9, A tropical cyclone hit Somalia's semi-autonomous Puntland region. As many as 300 people were feared dead. Hundreds remained unaccounted for as the government and declared a natural disaster emergency.
    (Reuters, 11/11/13)(AFP, 11/13/13)
2013        Dec 5, In Somalia at least 8 people were killed when a suicide car bomber rammed a convoy in the northern port of Bossasso, a Puntland region harboring Al-Qaeda-linked Shebab insurgents where tensions are high ahead of elections in January.
    (AFP, 12/5/13)
2014        Jan 8, Officials in the semi-autonomous Somalia region of Puntland confirmed Abdiweli Mohammed Ali Gaas, a former Somali prime minister, as the region's new leader.
    (AP, 1/8/14)(AFP, 1/8/14)

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