Timeline American Samoa and Samoa

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American Samoa         

A US territory. The largest island is Tutuila, home to 95 percent of the territory's 65,000 population. It is slightly larger than Washington, D.C.
    (WSJ, 7/3/96, p.A8)(AP, 9/30/09)
The Samoan Islands in the South Pacific west of 170º W longitude comprise an independent state and the rest belong to the US.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1265)

TravelDocs: http://www.traveldocs.com/as/index.htm

1872        The high chief of the tribes of the eastern Samoan islands gave America permission to establish a naval base in exchange for military protection.
    (SFCM, 10/14/01, p.45)
1899        A treaty between American, Germany and Britain gave Western Samoa to the Germans and Eastern Samoa to the Americans. In an Anglo-German treaty the UK renounced its rights to the Samoan Islands
    (HN, 1/16/99)(SFCM, 10/14/01, p.45)
1904        The eastern Samoan islands became territories of the United States and later became known as American Samoa. The western islands became known as Western Samoa (later the Independent State of Samoa), passing from German control to New Zealand in 1914. New Zealand administered Western Samoa under the auspices of the League of Nations and then as a UN trusteeship until independence in 1962. Western Samoa was the first Pacific Island country to gain its independence.
    (www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/1842.htm)
1951        The US Navy too over control of American Samoa.
    (AP, 9/30/09)
1954        Oct 14, American Samoa Government's vessel Manu'atele sighted William Willis's raft The Seven Little Sisters, and towed it into Pago Pago Harbor. William Willis (1893-1968) sailed a raft from Peru to Samoa. In 2006 T.R. Pearson authored “Seaworthy: Adrift With William Willis in the Golden Age of Rafting."
    (www.asg-gov.net/026HISTORICALCAL_OCTOBER.htm)(WSJ, 6/24/06, p.P12)
2009        Jan 6, Pres. Bush designated parts of 3 Pacific island chains as national monuments to protect them from oil and gas extraction and commercial fishing. The areas totaled some 195,274 square miles and included the Mariana Trench as well as waters and coral surrounding 3 islands in the Northern Mariana Islands, Rose Atoll in American Samoa and 7 islands along the equator in the central Pacific Ocean.
    (SFC, 1/6/09, p.A4)
2009        Sep 29, A magnitude 8.0-8.3 earthquake struck about 120 miles south of the islands of Samoa, which has about 180,000 people, and American Samoa, a US territory of 65,000. Four tsunami waves 15 to 20 feet (4 to 6 meters) high roared ashore on American Samoa, reaching up to a mile (1.5 kilometers) inland. At least 136 were killed in Samoa and at least 32 on American Samoa and leaving dozens missing. Authorities in Tonga, south of the Samoas, confirmed at least 9 dead.
    (AP, 9/30/09)(AFP, 10/1/09)(AP, 10/5/09)


Samoa

CIA Factbook: http://www.odci.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/ws.html
Travel Docs:
http://www.traveldocs.com/ws/index.htm

Samoa, formerly known as Western Samoa or the Navigators Islands, was a protectorate of Britain, Germany and New Zealand at various times. Slightly smaller than Rhode Island, Samoa con-sists of two main islands, Savaii and Upolu, as well as several smaller islands and uninhabited islets.
    (SFC, 3/20/99, p.A21)(WUD, 1994 p.1265)(SFCM, 10/14/01, p.19)
The Samoan Islands in the South Pacific west of 170º W longitude comprise an independent state and the rest belong to the US.  Samoa is about 40 miles (65km) west of American Samoa.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1265)

1300BC    The Lapita people took once again to the open seas about this time, pushing east past the Solomon Islands to the Bismarck archipelago and beyond to Vanuatu, Fiji and Samoa. Theses Southeast Asian peoples had headed south from Taiwan to Papua New Guinea and as far as the main Solomon islands, where they stopped some 40,000 years ago.
    (AFP, 11/9/10)

c1850        European ties to Samoa increased due to trade and religious ministry.
    (SFCM, 10/14/01, p.45)

1892        Samoa made a decision to stay behind a day on the international date line and align itself with US traders based in California. In 2011 it planned to leap 24 hours into the future so that it can be on the same weekday as Australia, New Zealand and eastern Asia.
    (AP, 5/9/11)

1894        Dec 3, Robert Louis Stevenson (b.1850), Scottish-American writer, died in Samoa. He was the author of such works as "Treasure Island," "Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde," "The Master of Ballantrae," "The Silverado Squatters, "Kidnapped" and "Travels with a Donkey." In 2005 Clair Harman authored “Robert Louis Stevenson: A Biography."
    (Smith., 8/95, p.51-58)(AP, 12/3/97)(Econ, 1/29/05, p.79)

1895        Photographer John Davis shot his classic Samoan Princess Fa’ane.
    Samoa
    (WSJ, 7/3/96, p.A8)

1899        A treaty between American, Germany and Britain gave Western Samoa to the Germans and Eastern Samoa to the Americans. In an Anglo-German treaty the UK renounced its rights to the Samoan Islands
    (HN, 1/16/99)(SFCM, 10/14/01, p.45)

1900        Jan 16, The U.S. Senate consented to the Anglo-German treaty of 1899 by which the UK renounced its rights to the Samoan Islands.
    (HN, 1/16/99)

1900        By this time Samoa supported three residential. Commercial photographers.
    (WSJ, 7/3/96, p.A8)

1904        The eastern Samoan islands became territories of the United States and later became known as American Samoa. The western islands became known as Western Samoa (later the Independent State of Samoa), passing from German control to New Zealand in 1914. New Zealand administered Western Samoa under the auspices of the League of Nations and then as a UN trusteeship until independence in 1962. Western Samoa was the first Pacific Island country to gain its independence.
    (www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/1842.htm)

c1914        When WW I began New Zealand pried Western Samoa from the Germans.
    (SFCM, 10/14/01, p.45)

1923-1924    Frances and Robert Flaherty, who made the documentary "Nanook of the North," settled in Samoa to make the silent-film classic "Moana: A Romance of the Golden Age."
    (WSJ, 7/3/96, p.A8)

1928        “Coming of Age in Samoa" by Margaret Mead was published. Franz Boas had sent Mead to study the lives of adolescent girls. Boas held that the surrounding culture determines all human action and that thus human nature lacks a biological component. In 1983 Derek Freeman published "Margaret Mead in Samoa," in which he laid waste Mead's portrayal of 1920s Samoan society. Other books on the Mead controversy followed and in 1999 Freeman published "The Fateful Hoaxing of Margaret Mead: A Historical Analysis of Her Samoan Research."
    (SFEC, 8/18/96, BR p.7)(WSJ, 3/3/99, p.A17)

1953        The film “Return to Paradise" starred Gary Cooper and Roberta Haynes. It was directed by Mark Robson, set in Samoa and based on a book by James Michener.
    (TVM, 1975, p.475)(SFCM, 10/14/01, p.45)

1962        Jan 1, Samoa became independent from New Zealand. Malietoa Tanumafili II nursed Samoa to independence and presided as head of state jointly for 16 months and thereafter on his own for 43 years.
    (www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/1842.htm)(SFCM, 10/14/01, p.45)(Econ, 5/26/07, p.101)

1971        Australia joined with New Zealand and 14 independent of self-governing island nations to form the South Pacific Forum. The name was changed in 2000 to Pacific Islands Forum. Member states include: Australia, the Cook Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Kiribati, the Marshall Islands, Nauru, New Zealand, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, the Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, and Vanuatu. Since 2006, associate members territories are New Caledonia and French Polynesia.
    (Econ, 10/20/07, p.61)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pacific_Islands_Forum)

1978        Nov 15, Margaret Mead (b.1901), American cultural anthropologist, died in NY. Her books included “Coming of Age in Samoa." In 1983 Derek Freeman authored "Margaret Mead and Samoa: The Making and Unmaking of an Anthropological Myth," in which he challenged all of Mead’s major findings.
    (SFEC, 8/18/96, BR p.7)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margaret_Mead)

1982-1998    Tofilau Eti Alesana (d.1999 at 74) served as the prime minister.
    (SFC, 3/20/99, p.A21)

1991        Barry and Jennifer Rose of LA opened the Coconuts Beach Club.
    (SFCM, 10/14/01, p.19)

1996        The 1st traffic light was installed in the capital of Apia.
    (SFCM, 10/14/01, p.16)

1997        Apr 14, In SF the winners of the 1997 Goldman Environmental Prize were announced: Included were Samoan chieftain Fuiono Senio and ethnobotonist Paul Cox for establishing forest preserves.
    (SFC, 4/14/97, p.A11)

1997        The prime minister changed the name of the Independent State of Western Samoa to the Independent State of Samoa.
    (SFCM, 10/14/01, p.45)

1998        Nov, Tofilau Eti Alesana stepped down as prime minister.
    (SFC, 3/20/99, p.A21)

1999        Jul 16, Luagalau Levaula Kamu (44), a government minister, was shot and killed during a political rally. In 2000 Leafa Vitale (57) and Toi Aukuso (68) were convicted of planning the murder.
    (SFC, 4/15/00, p.A13)   

2000        Global Domains International, Inc. (GDI) launched the .WS  Internet domain in partnership with the island nation of Samoa.
    (www.website.ws/about.dhtml)

2001         Samoa’s population was about 171,000.
    (SFCM, 10/14/01, p.19)

2002        Jun 4, New Zealand's prime minister apologized for mistakes her country made during its 48-year rule over the tiny South Pacific island chain of Samoa.
    (AP, 6/3/02)

2004        Sep 30, A deal was announced between Samoa and UC Berkeley researchers to clone a promising anti-AIDS drug, prostratin, from the bark of the native mamala tree.
    (SFC, 10/1/04, p.B1)

2005        Feb 18, President Bush declared American Samoa a major disaster area following Hurricane Olaf, which wiped out nearly all homes in at least one village in the Manua Islands.
    (Reuters, 2/18/05)

2005        Feb 27, The tiny Pacific island nation of Tokelau called for food and medical supplies, and there were "grave concerns" for residents on Swain's Island in American Samoa after Cyclone Percy pounded the area.
    (AP, 2/27/05)

2007        May 11, Malietoa Tanumafili II, head of state of Samoa, died at age 94-95.
    (Econ, 5/26/07, p.101)

2009        Sep 29, A magnitude 8.0-8.3 earthquake struck about 120 miles south of the islands of Samoa, population about 180,000 people, and American Samoa, a US territory of 65,000. Four tsunami waves 15 to 20 feet (4 to 6 meters) high roared ashore on American Samoa, reaching up to a mile (1.5km) inland. At least 142 were killed in Samoa and at least 32 on American Samoa and leaving dozens missing. Authorities in Tonga, south of the Samoas, confirmed at least 9 dead. In 2010 new research indicated that 2 great earthquakes caused the tsunami.
    (AP, 9/30/09)(AFP, 10/1/09)(AP, 10/5/09)(SSFC, 10/11/09, p.A14)(SFC, 8/19/10, p.A2)

2011        May 9, It was reported that Samoa plans to leap 24 hours into the future, erasing a day and putting a new kink in the Pacific's jagged international date line so that it can be on the same weekday as Australia, New Zealand and eastern Asia.
    (AP, 5/9/11)

2011        Dec 29, At midnight Samoa leaped to Dec 31 to align itself with trading partners in its South Pacific region. For the country’s 186,000 citizens, Dec 30 will simply not exist.
    (SFC, 12/29/11, p.A2)

2011        Dec 30, At midnight on Dec 29 Samoa leaped to Dec 31 to align itself with trading partners. For the country’s 186,000 citizens, Dec 30, 2011 will simply not exist.
    (SFC, 12/29/11, p.A2)

2013        Apr 3, Samoa Air planned to start pricing its first international flights based on the weight of its passengers and their bags. Depending on the flight, each kg (2.2 pounds) would cost 93 cents to $1.06. The new airline was launched last June.
    (AP, 4/4/13)

2013        Nov 7, China’s Vice Premier Wang Yang said China will provide a concessionary loan of up to $1 billion to Pacific island nations to support construction projects in a part of the world where Beijing and Taiwan compete for influence. He made the announcement at a forum with Pacific island nations in Guangzhou at a meeting attended by representatives from Micronesia, Samoa, Papua New Guinea, Vanuatu, the Cook Islands, Tonga, Niue and Fiji.
    (Reuters, 11/8/13)

2014        Jan 22, The Washington-based Int’l. Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ) said it has obtained documents showing the identities of nearly 22,000 owners of companies and trusts in the British Virgin Islands, Samoa and other offshore centers. It said they include the brother-in-law of China’s Pres. Xi, former Premier Wen Jiabao’s son and son-in-law and relatives of other ruling party figures.
    (SFC, 1/23/14, p.A4)

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